WorldWideScience

Sample records for intelligent information database

  1. 8th Asian Conference on Intelligent Information and Database Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Madeyski, Lech; Nguyen, Ngoc

    2016-01-01

    The objective of this book is to contribute to the development of the intelligent information and database systems with the essentials of current knowledge, experience and know-how. The book contains a selection of 40 chapters based on original research presented as posters during the 8th Asian Conference on Intelligent Information and Database Systems (ACIIDS 2016) held on 14–16 March 2016 in Da Nang, Vietnam. The papers to some extent reflect the achievements of scientific teams from 17 countries in five continents. The volume is divided into six parts: (a) Computational Intelligence in Data Mining and Machine Learning, (b) Ontologies, Social Networks and Recommendation Systems, (c) Web Services, Cloud Computing, Security and Intelligent Internet Systems, (d) Knowledge Management and Language Processing, (e) Image, Video, Motion Analysis and Recognition, and (f) Advanced Computing Applications and Technologies. The book is an excellent resource for researchers, those working in artificial intelligence, mu...

  2. 9th Asian Conference on Intelligent Information and Database Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Nguyen, Ngoc; Shirai, Kiyoaki

    2017-01-01

    This book presents recent research in intelligent information and database systems. The carefully selected contributions were initially accepted for presentation as posters at the 9th Asian Conference on Intelligent Information and Database Systems (ACIIDS 2017) held from to 5 April 2017 in Kanazawa, Japan. While the contributions are of an advanced scientific level, several are accessible for non-expert readers. The book brings together 47 chapters divided into six main parts: • Part I. From Machine Learning to Data Mining. • Part II. Big Data and Collaborative Decision Support Systems, • Part III. Computer Vision Analysis, Detection, Tracking and Recognition, • Part IV. Data-Intensive Text Processing, • Part V. Innovations in Web and Internet Technologies, and • Part VI. New Methods and Applications in Information and Software Engineering. The book is an excellent resource for researchers and those working in algorithmics, artificial and computational intelligence, collaborative systems, decisio...

  3. 7th Asian Conference on Intelligent Information and Database Systems (ACIIDS 2015)

    CERN Document Server

    Nguyen, Ngoc; Batubara, John; New Trends in Intelligent Information and Database Systems

    2015-01-01

    Intelligent information and database systems are two closely related subfields of modern computer science which have been known for over thirty years. They focus on the integration of artificial intelligence and classic database technologies to create the class of next generation information systems. The book focuses on new trends in intelligent information and database systems and discusses topics addressed to the foundations and principles of data, information, and knowledge models, methodologies for intelligent information and database systems analysis, design, and implementation, their validation, maintenance and evolution. They cover a broad spectrum of research topics discussed both from the practical and theoretical points of view such as: intelligent information retrieval, natural language processing, semantic web, social networks, machine learning, knowledge discovery, data mining, uncertainty management and reasoning under uncertainty, intelligent optimization techniques in information systems, secu...

  4. Homeland situation awareness through mining and fusing heterogeneous information from intelligence databases and field sensors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Digioia, Giusj; Panzieri, Stefano

    2012-06-01

    One of the most felt issues in the defence domain is that of having huge quantities of data stored in databases and acquired from field sensors, without being able to infer information from them. Usually databases are continuously updated with observations, and are related to heterogeneous data. Deep and continuous analysis on data could mine useful correlations, explain relations existing among data and cue searches for further evidences. The solution to the problem addressed before seems to deal both with the domain of Data Mining and with the domain of high level Data Fusion, that is Situation Assessment, Threat Assessment and Process Refinement, also synthesised as Situation Awareness. The focus of this paper is the definition of an architecture for a system adopting data mining techniques to adaptively discover clusters of information and relation among them, to classify observations acquired and to use the model of knowledge and the classification derived in order to assess situations, threats and refine the search for evidences. Sources of information taken into account are those related to the intelligence domain, as IMINT, HUMINT, ELINT, COMINT and other non-conventional sources. The algorithms applied refer to not supervised and supervised classification for rule exploitation, and adaptively built Hidden Markov Model for situation and threat assessment.

  5. Intelligent holographic databases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barbastathis, George

    Memory is a key component of intelligence. In the human brain, physical structure and functionality jointly provide diverse memory modalities at multiple time scales. How could we engineer artificial memories with similar faculties? In this thesis, we attack both hardware and algorithmic aspects of this problem. A good part is devoted to holographic memory architectures, because they meet high capacity and parallelism requirements. We develop and fully characterize shift multiplexing, a novel storage method that simplifies disk head design for holographic disks. We develop and optimize the design of compact refreshable holographic random access memories, showing several ways that 1 Tbit can be stored holographically in volume less than 1 m3, with surface density more than 20 times higher than conventional silicon DRAM integrated circuits. To address the issue of photorefractive volatility, we further develop the two-lambda (dual wavelength) method for shift multiplexing, and combine electrical fixing with angle multiplexing to demonstrate 1,000 multiplexed fixed holograms. Finally, we propose a noise model and an information theoretic metric to optimize the imaging system of a holographic memory, in terms of storage density and error rate. Motivated by the problem of interfacing sensors and memories to a complex system with limited computational resources, we construct a computer game of Desert Survival, built as a high-dimensional non-stationary virtual environment in a competitive setting. The efficacy of episodic learning, implemented as a reinforced Nearest Neighbor scheme, and the probability of winning against a control opponent improve significantly by concentrating the algorithmic effort to the virtual desert neighborhood that emerges as most significant at any time. The generalized computational model combines the autonomous neural network and von Neumann paradigms through a compact, dynamic central representation, which contains the most salient features

  6. Design of Intelligent layer for flexible querying in databases

    CERN Document Server

    Nihalani, Mrs Neelu; Motwani, Dr Mahesh

    2009-01-01

    Computer-based information technologies have been extensively used to help many organizations, private companies, and academic and education institutions manage their processes and information systems hereby become their nervous centre. The explosion of massive data sets created by businesses, science and governments necessitates intelligent and more powerful computing paradigms so that users can benefit from this data. Therefore most new-generation database applications demand intelligent information management to enhance efficient interactions between database and the users. Database systems support only a Boolean query model. A selection query on SQL database returns all those tuples that satisfy the conditions in the query.

  7. Intelligent Knowledge Database (IKD Tool for Formal Methods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manju Nanda

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the Intelligent Knowledge Database (IKD tool generated for formal methods. Theknowledge database provides the information regarding the existing formal methods in the area ofacademia, industry and R&D sectors. The tool provides complete information about the formal methodsadopted in the conventional or model-based approach, in the various phases of the software developmentlife cycle process, list of tools using formal techniques with their version and published literaturesupporting formal methods. This knowledge-database serves as a live encyclopedia which will enable theengineers and researchers interested in the field of formal methods. The database is intelligent because itprovides the user with the flexibility of searching the formal method related information using keywordsimilar to the search engine. This is a unique tool for formal methods encompassing most of the publishedliterature with intelligent search options

  8. Physiological Information Database (PID)

    Science.gov (United States)

    EPA has developed a physiological information database (created using Microsoft ACCESS) intended to be used in PBPK modeling. The database contains physiological parameter values for humans from early childhood through senescence as well as similar data for laboratory animal spec...

  9. Fashion Information Database

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Jun; WU Hai-yan; WANG Yun-yi

    2002-01-01

    In the field of fashion industry, it is a bottleneck of how to control and apply the information in the procedure of fashion merchandising. By the aid of digital technology,a perfect and practical fashion information database could be established so that high- quality and efficient,low-cost and characteristic fashion merchandising system could be realized. The basic structure of fashion information database is discussed.

  10. Intelligent Information Retrieval: An Introduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gauch, Susan

    1992-01-01

    Discusses the application of artificial intelligence to online information retrieval systems and describes several systems: (1) CANSEARCH, from MEDLINE; (2) Intelligent Interface for Information Retrieval (I3R); (3) Gausch's Query Reformulation; (4) Environmental Pollution Expert (EP-X); (5) PLEXUS (gardening); and (6) SCISOR (corporate…

  11. The intelligent user interface for NASA's advanced information management systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, William J.; Short, Nicholas, Jr.; Rolofs, Larry H.; Wattawa, Scott L.

    1987-01-01

    NASA has initiated the Intelligent Data Management Project to design and develop advanced information management systems. The project's primary goal is to formulate, design and develop advanced information systems that are capable of supporting the agency's future space research and operational information management needs. The first effort of the project was the development of a prototype Intelligent User Interface to an operational scientific database, using expert systems and natural language processing technologies. An overview of Intelligent User Interface formulation and development is given.

  12. Databases as an information service

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vincent, D. A.

    1983-01-01

    The relationship of databases to information services, and the range of information services users and their needs for information is explored and discussed. It is argued that for database information to be valuable to a broad range of users, it is essential that access methods be provided that are relatively unstructured and natural to information services users who are interested in the information contained in databases, but who are not willing to learn and use traditional structured query languages. Unless this ease of use of databases is considered in the design and application process, the potential benefits from using database systems may not be realized.

  13. Developing Information Systems for Competitive Intelligence Support.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hohhof, Bonnie

    1994-01-01

    Discusses issues connected with developing information systems for competitive intelligence support; defines the elements of an effective competitive information system; and summarizes issues affecting system design and implementation. Highlights include intelligence information; information needs; information sources; decision making; and…

  14. An Intelligent Pictorial Information System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Edward T.; Chang, B.

    1987-05-01

    In examining the history of computer application, we discover that early computer systems were developed primarily for applications related to scientific computation, as in weather prediction, aerospace applications, and nuclear physics applications. At this stage, the computer system served as a big calculator to perform, in the main, manipulation of numbers. Then it was found that computer systems could also be used for business applications, information storage and retrieval, word processing, and report generation. The history of computer application is summarized in Table I. The complexity of pictures makes picture processing much more difficult than number and alphanumerical processing. Therefore, new techniques, new algorithms, and above all, new pictorial knowledge, [1] are needed to overcome the limitatins of existing computer systems. New frontiers in designing computer systems are the ways to handle the representation,[2,3] classification, manipulation, processing, storage, and retrieval of pictures. Especially, the ways to deal with similarity measures and the meaning of the word "approximate" and the phrase "approximate reasoning" are an important and an indispensable part of an intelligent pictorial information system. [4,5] The main objective of this paper is to investigate the mathematical foundation for the effective organization and efficient retrieval of pictures in similarity-directed pictorial databases, [6] based on similarity retrieval techniques [7] and fuzzy languages [8]. The main advantage of this approach is that similar pictures are stored logically close to each other by using quantitative similarity measures. Thus, for answering queries, the amount of picture data needed to be searched can be reduced and the retrieval time can be improved. In addition, in a pictorial database, very often it is desired to find pictures (or feature vectors, histograms, etc.) that are most similar to or most dissimilar [9] to a test picture (or feature

  15. Competitive Intelligence and the Information Center.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greene, H. Frances

    1988-01-01

    Examines the competitive intelligence approach to corporate information gathering, and discusses how it differs from the traditional library information center approach. Steps for developing a competitive intelligence system in the library information center are suggested. (33 references) (MES)

  16. Personal Information Databases

    CERN Document Server

    Al-Fedaghi, Sabah S

    2009-01-01

    One of the most important aspects of security organization is to establish a framework to identify security significant points where policies and procedures are declared. The (information) security infrastructure comprises entities, processes, and technology. All are participants in handling information, which is the item that needs to be protected. Privacy and security information technology is a critical and unmet need in the management of personal information. This paper proposes concepts and technologies for management of personal information. Two different types of information can be distinguished: personal information and nonpersonal information. Personal information can be either personal identifiable information (PII), or nonidentifiable information (NII). Security, policy, and technical requirements can be based on this distinction. At the conceptual level, PII is defined and formalized by propositions over infons (discrete pieces of information) that specify transformations in PII and NII. PII is ca...

  17. Personal Information Databases

    OpenAIRE

    Al-Fedaghi, Sabah S.; Thalheim, Bernhard

    2009-01-01

    One of the most important aspects of security organization is to establish a framework to identify security significant points where policies and procedures are declared. The (information) security infrastructure comprises entities, processes, and technology. All are participants in handling information, which is the item that needs to be protected. Privacy and security information technology is a critical and unmet need in the management of personal information. This paper proposes concepts ...

  18. Intelligent Information Retrieval

    CERN Document Server

    Kurtz, M J; Accomazzi, A; Grant, C; Henneken, E; Murray, S S; Kurtz, Michael J.; Eichhorn, Guenther; Accomazzi, Alberto; Grant, Carolyn; Henneken, Edwin; Murray, Stephen S.

    2005-01-01

    Since it was first announced at ADASS 2 the Smithsonian/NASA Astrophysics System Abstract Service (ADS) has played a central role in the information seeking behavior of astronomers. Central to the ability of the ADS to act as a search and discovery tool is its role as metadata agregator. Over the past 13 years the ADS has introduced many new techniques to facilitate information retrieval, broadly defined. We discuss some of these developments; with particular attention to how the ADS might inta754-1.pseract with the virtual observatory, and to the new myADS-arXiv customized open access virtual journal. The ADS is at http://ads.harvard.edu

  19. Afghanistan / Pakistan Information Database

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Agency for International Development — USAID Info is a dynamic, web-based information management application designed to organize, monitor, and store OAPA Missions? implementation- and performance-level...

  20. The Intelligent Technologies of Electronic Information System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Xianyu

    2017-08-01

    Based upon the synopsis of system intelligence and information services, this paper puts forward the attributes and the logic structure of information service, sets forth intelligent technology framework of electronic information system, and presents a series of measures, such as optimizing business information flow, advancing data decision capability, improving information fusion precision, strengthening deep learning application and enhancing prognostic and health management, and demonstrates system operation effectiveness. This will benefit the enhancement of system intelligence.

  1. Artificial Intelligence and Information Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fukumura, Teruo

    After reviewing the recent popularization of the information transmission and processing technologies, which are supported by the progress of electronics, the authors describe that by the introduction of the opto-electronics into the information technology, the possibility of applying the artificial intelligence (AI) technique to the mechanization of the information management has emerged. It is pointed out that althuogh AI deals with problems in the mental world, its basic methodology relies upon the verification by evidence, so the experiment on computers become indispensable for the study of AI. The authors also describe that as computers operate by the program, the basic intelligence which is concerned in AI is that expressed by languages. This results in the fact that the main tool of AI is the logical proof and it involves an intrinsic limitation. To answer a question “Why do you employ AI in your problem solving”, one must have ill-structured problems and intend to conduct deep studies on the thinking and the inference, and the memory and the knowledge-representation. Finally the authors discuss the application of AI technique to the information management. The possibility of the expert-system, processing of the query, and the necessity of document knowledge-base are stated.

  2. Assessing Information about Intelligence and Reading.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pikulski, John J.

    The purpose of this paper is to discuss the assessment of intelligence as it relates to reading. Its primary focus is upon criteria that might be applied to the information about intelligence and how it relates to reading. The contents include: "General Considerations," which discusses the concept of intelligence, measuring instruments used to…

  3. Creating Intelligent Linking for Information Threading in Knowledge Networks

    CERN Document Server

    Nair, Dr T R Gopalakrishnan; 10.1109/INDCON.2011.6139335

    2012-01-01

    Informledge System (ILS) is a knowledge network with autonomous nodes and intelligent links that integrate and structure the pieces of knowledge. In this paper, we aim to put forward the link dynamics involved in intelligent processing of information in ILS. There has been advancement in knowledge management field which involve managing information in databases from a single domain. ILS works with information from multiple domains stored in distributed way in the autonomous nodes termed as Knowledge Network Node (KNN). Along with the concept under consideration, KNNs store the processed information linking concepts and processors leading to the appropriate processing of information.

  4. Readings in artificial intelligence and databases

    CERN Document Server

    Mylopoulos, John

    1988-01-01

    The interaction of database and AI technologies is crucial to such applications as data mining, active databases, and knowledge-based expert systems. This volume collects the primary readings on the interactions, actual and potential, between these two fields. The editors have chosen articles to balance significant early research and the best and most comprehensive articles from the 1980s. An in-depth introduction discusses basic research motivations, giving a survey of the history, concepts, and terminology of the interaction. Major themes, approaches and results, open issues and future

  5. INFORMATION ASSURANCE - INTELLIGENCE - INFORMATION SUPERIORITY RELATIONSHIP WITHIN NATO OPERATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gheorghe BOARU, Ioan-Mihai ILIEŞ

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available There is a tight relationship between information assurance, the intelligence cycle and information superiority within NATO operations. The intelligence cycle has a discrete architecture and provides on-time and relevant intelligence products to the joint force commanders and to other authorized users in a specifi c joint area of operations. The intelligence cycle must follow the evolution of the operation. A permanent intelligence estimate will be performed during the military decision making process and operations execution. Information superiority is one of the most powerful intelligence cycle achievements. and decisively infuences the success of NATO joint operations. Information superiority must be preserved and enhanced through information assurance. Information assurance is an information operation that must be planned by the military in charge of operation security or by non-military experts, executed by all personnel during the entire intelligence cycle life time and employed during the planning and execution of NATO joint operations.

  6. Computational Intelligence in Information Systems Conference

    CERN Document Server

    Au, Thien-Wan; Omar, Saiful

    2017-01-01

    This book constitutes the Proceedings of the Computational Intelligence in Information Systems conference (CIIS 2016), held in Brunei, November 18–20, 2016. The CIIS conference provides a platform for researchers to exchange the latest ideas and to present new research advances in general areas related to computational intelligence and its applications. The 26 revised full papers presented in this book have been carefully selected from 62 submissions. They cover a wide range of topics and application areas in computational intelligence and informatics.

  7. Intelligence from Space: Using Geographical Information Systems for Competitive Intelligence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hendriks, P.H.J.

    2004-01-01

    The spatial element, which is omnipresent in data and information relevant to organizations, is much underused in the decision-making processes within organizations. This applies also to decision-making within the domain of Competitive Intelligence. The chapter explores how the CI function may benef

  8. Emergent web intelligence advanced information retrieval

    CERN Document Server

    Badr, Youakim; Abraham, Ajith; Hassanien, Aboul-Ella

    2010-01-01

    Web Intelligence explores the impact of artificial intelligence and advanced information technologies representing the next generation of Web-based systems, services, and environments, and designing hybrid web systems that serve wired and wireless users more efficiently. Multimedia and XML-based data are produced regularly and in increasing way in our daily digital activities, and their retrieval must be explored and studied in this emergent web-based era. 'Emergent Web Intelligence: Advanced information retrieval, provides reviews of the related cutting-edge technologies and insights. It is v

  9. Internet-based intelligent information processing systems

    CERN Document Server

    Tonfoni, G; Ichalkaranje, N S

    2003-01-01

    The Internet/WWW has made it possible to easily access quantities of information never available before. However, both the amount of information and the variation in quality pose obstacles to the efficient use of the medium. Artificial intelligence techniques can be useful tools in this context. Intelligent systems can be applied to searching the Internet and data-mining, interpreting Internet-derived material, the human-Web interface, remote condition monitoring and many other areas. This volume presents the latest research on the interaction between intelligent systems (neural networks, adap

  10. Intelligent high-speed cutting database system development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    In this paper,the components of a high-speed cutting system are analyzed firstly.The component variables of the high-speed cutting system are classified into four types:uncontrolled variables,process variables,control variables,and output variables.The relationships and interactions of these variables are discussed.Then,by analyzing and comparing intelligent reasoning methods frequently used,the hybrid reasoning is employed to build the high-speed cutting database system.Then,the data structures of high-speed cutting case base and databases are determined.Finally,the component parts and working process of the high-speed cutting database system on the basis of hybrid reasoning are presented.

  11. Electronic publishing and intelligent information retrieval

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heck, A.

    1992-01-01

    Europeans are now taking steps to homogenize policies and standardize procedures in electronic publishing (EP) in astronomy and space sciences. This arose from an open meeting organized in Oct. 1991 at Strasbourg Observatory (France) and another business meeting held late Mar. 1992 with the major publishers and journal editors in astronomy and space sciences. The ultimate aim of EP might be considered as the so-called 'intelligent information retrieval' (IIR) or better named 'advanced information retrieval' (AIR), taking advantage of the fact that the material to be published appears at some stage in a machine-readable form. It is obvious that the combination of desktop and electronic publishing with networking and new structuring of knowledge bases will profoundly reshape not only our ways of publishing, but also our procedures of communicating and retrieving information. It should be noted that a world-wide survey among astronomers and space scientists carried out before the October 1991 colloquium on the various packages and machines used, indicated that TEX-related packages were already in majoritarian use in our community. It has also been stressed at each meeting that the European developments should be carried out in collaboration with what is done in the US (STELLAR project, for instance). American scientists and journal editors actually attended both meetings mentioned above. The paper will offer a review of the status of electronic publishing in astronomy and its possible contribution to advanced information retrieval in this field. It will also report on recent meetings such as the 'Astronomy from Large Databases-2 (ALD-2)' conference dealing with the latest developments in networking, in data, information, and knowledge bases, as well as in the related methodologies.

  12. The collation of forensic DNA case data into a multi-dimensional intelligence database.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walsh, S J; Moss, D S; Kliem, C; Vintiner, G M

    2002-01-01

    The primary aim of any DNA Database is to link individuals to unsolved offenses and unsolved offenses to each other via DNA profiling. This aim has been successfully realised during the operation of the New Zealand (NZ) DNA Databank over the past five years. The DNA Intelligence Project (DIP), a collaborative project involving NZ forensic and law enforcement agencies, interrogated the forensic case data held on the NZ DNA databank and collated it into a functional intelligence database. This database has been used to identify significant trends which direct Police and forensic personnel towards the most appropriate use of DNA technology. Intelligence is being provided in areas such as the level of usage of DNA techniques in criminal investigation, the relative success of crime scene samples and the geographical distribution of crimes. The DIP has broadened the dimensions of the information offered through the NZ DNA Databank and has furthered the understanding and investigative capability of both Police and forensic scientists. The outcomes of this research fit soundly with the current policies of 'intelligence led policing', which are being adopted by Police jurisdictions locally and overseas.

  13. Speech Intelligibility Prediction Based on Mutual Information

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jesper; Taal, Cees H.

    2014-01-01

    to the mutual information between critical-band amplitude envelopes of the clean signal and the corresponding noisy/processed signal. The resulting intelligibility predictor turns out to be a simple function of the mean-square error (mse) that arises when estimating a clean critical-band amplitude using......This paper deals with the problem of predicting the average intelligibility of noisy and potentially processed speech signals, as observed by a group of normal hearing listeners. We propose a model which performs this prediction based on the hypothesis that intelligibility is monotonically related...... the intelligibility of speech signals contaminated by additive noise and potentially non-linearly processed using time-frequency weighting....

  14. Expert Systems and Intelligent Information Retrieval.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brooks, H. M.

    1987-01-01

    Explores what an intelligent information retrieval system involves and why expert system techniques might interest system designers. Expert systems research is reviewed with emphasis on components, architecture, and computer interaction, and it is concluded that information retrieval is not an ideal problem domain for expert system application at…

  15. 32 CFR 635.5 - Police Intelligence/Criminal Information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Police Intelligence/Criminal Information. 635.5... Intelligence/Criminal Information. (a) The purpose of gathering police intelligence is to identify individuals.... If police intelligence is developed to the point where it factually establishes a criminal...

  16. Information Literacy Skills: Comparing and Evaluating Databases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grismore, Brian A.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this database comparison is to express the importance of teaching information literacy skills and to apply those skills to commonly used Internet-based research tools. This paper includes a comparison and evaluation of three databases (ProQuest, ERIC, and Google Scholar). It includes strengths and weaknesses of each database based…

  17. Audit Database and Information Tracking System

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — This database contains information about Social Security Administration audits regarding SSA agency performance and compliance. These audits can be requested by both...

  18. Creating databases for biological information: an introduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stein, Lincoln

    2013-06-01

    The essence of bioinformatics is dealing with large quantities of information. Whether it be sequencing data, microarray data files, mass spectrometric data (e.g., fingerprints), the catalog of strains arising from an insertional mutagenesis project, or even large numbers of PDF files, there inevitably comes a time when the information can simply no longer be managed with files and directories. This is where databases come into play. This unit briefly reviews the characteristics of several database management systems, including flat file, indexed file, relational databases, and NoSQL databases. It compares their strengths and weaknesses and offers some general guidelines for selecting an appropriate database management system.

  19. Intelligent databases assist transparent and sound economic valuation of ecosystem services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villa, Ferdinando; Ceroni, Marta; Krivov, Sergey

    2007-06-01

    Assessment and economic valuation of services provided by ecosystems to humans has become a crucial phase in environmental management and policy-making. As primary valuation studies are out of the reach of many institutions, secondary valuation or benefit transfer, where the results of previous studies are transferred to the geographical, environmental, social, and economic context of interest, is becoming increasingly common. This has brought to light the importance of environmental valuation databases, which provide reliable valuation data to inform secondary valuation with enough detail to enable the transfer of values across contexts. This paper describes the role of next-generation, intelligent databases (IDBs) in assisting the activity of valuation. Such databases employ artificial intelligence to inform the transfer of values across contexts, enforcing comparability of values and allowing users to generate custom valuation portfolios that synthesize previous studies and provide aggregated value estimates to use as a base for secondary valuation. After a general introduction, we introduce the Ecosystem Services Database, the first IDB for environmental valuation to be made available to the public, describe its functionalities and the lessons learned from its usage, and outline the remaining needs and expected future developments in the field.

  20. Intelligent Data Analysis in the EMERCOM Information System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elena, Sharafutdinova; Tatiana, Avdeenko; Bakaev, Maxim

    2017-01-01

    The paper describes an information system development project for the Russian Ministry of Emergency Situations (MES, whose international operations body is known as EMERCOM), which was attended by the representatives of both the IT industry and the academia. Besides the general description of the system, we put forward OLAP and Data Mining-based approaches towards the intelligent analysis of the data accumulated in the database. In particular, some operational OLAP reports and an example of multi-dimensional information space based on OLAP Data Warehouse are presented. Finally, we outline Data Mining application to support decision-making regarding security inspections planning and results consideration.

  1. Information Selection in Intelligence Processing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-01

    problem of overload.” As another example, Whaley (Whaley, 1974) argues that one of the causes for the Pearl Harbor and Barbarossa strategic surprises is...which becomes more and more important as the Internet evolves. The IR problem and the information selection problem share some similar...all the algorithms tend more towards exploration: the temperature parameter in Softmax is higher (0.12 instead of 0.08), the delta for the VDBE

  2. In-memory databases and innovations in Business Intelligence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruxandra BABEANU

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The large amount of data that companies are dealing with, day by day, is a big challenge for the traditional BI systems and databases. A significant part of this data is usually wasted because the companies do not own the appropriate capacity to process it. In the actual competitive environment, this lost data could point up valuable information if it was analyzed and put in the right context. In these circumstances, in-memory databases seem to be the solution. This innovative technology combined with specialized BI solutions offers high performance and satisfaction to users and comes up with new data modeling and processing options.

  3. Repetitive Bibliographical Information in Relational Databases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brooks, Terrence A.

    1988-01-01

    Proposes a solution to the problem of loading repetitive bibliographic information in a microcomputer-based relational database management system. The alternative design described is based on a representational redundancy design and normalization theory. (12 references) (Author/CLB)

  4. HIERARCHICAL ORGANIZATION OF INFORMATION, IN RELATIONAL DATABASES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Demian Horia

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available In this paper I will present different types of representation, of hierarchical information inside a relational database. I also will compare them to find the best organization for specific scenarios.

  5. Artificial Intelligence Information Sources for the Beginner and Expert

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-05-01

    Francaise de Robotique In- Expert Systems for Information Management dustrielle) Expert Systems in Government Symposium. Pro- Al & Society: The Jour...Newsletter Machine Intelligence. Robots: Jour. de I& Robotique Industreielle at Machine Intelligence and Pattern Recognition de la Productique

  6. Acquisition of Language Information from Online Databases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sano, Hikomaro

    This report describes the methods to acquire language information from online databases, which are usually employed to retrieve technical information. Typical uses are shown to obtain equivalent foreign words, language usages, illustrative sentences and statistical linguistic data, by use of JOIS, DIALOG, SDC and BRS online information systems. In comparison with dictionaries and usage books, the online databases provide a vast file of language information, which is unabridged, continually updated and accessible through any words or their combinations. In addition, they give quantitative data such as frequencies in use of words and expressions.

  7. Application of the intelligent techniques in transplantation databases: a review of articles published in 2009 and 2010.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sousa, F S; Hummel, A D; Maciel, R F; Cohrs, F M; Falcão, A E J; Teixeira, F; Baptista, R; Mancini, F; da Costa, T M; Alves, D; Pisa, I T

    2011-05-01

    The replacement of defective organs with healthy ones is an old problem, but only a few years ago was this issue put into practice. Improvements in the whole transplantation process have been increasingly important in clinical practice. In this context are clinical decision support systems (CDSSs), which have reflected a significant amount of work to use mathematical and intelligent techniques. The aim of this article was to present consideration of intelligent techniques used in recent years (2009 and 2010) to analyze organ transplant databases. To this end, we performed a search of the PubMed and Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) Web of Knowledge databases to find articles published in 2009 and 2010 about intelligent techniques applied to transplantation databases. Among 69 retrieved articles, we chose according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. The main techniques were: Artificial Neural Networks (ANN), Logistic Regression (LR), Decision Trees (DT), Markov Models (MM), and Bayesian Networks (BN). Most articles used ANN. Some publications described comparisons between techniques or the use of various techniques together. The use of intelligent techniques to extract knowledge from databases of healthcare is increasingly common. Although authors preferred to use ANN, statistical techniques were equally effective for this enterprise. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Intelligent Information Processing in Imaging Fuzes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王克勇; 郑链; 宋承天

    2003-01-01

    In order to study the problem of intelligent information processing in new types of imaging fuze, the method of extracting the invariance features of target images is adopted, and radial basis function neural network is used to recognize targets. Owing to its ability of parallel processing, its robustness and generalization, the method can realize the recognition of the conditions of missile-target encounters, and meet the requirements of real-time recognition in the imaging fuze. It is shown that based on artificial neural network target recognition and burst point control are feasible.

  9. An Intelligent Tool to support Requirements Analysis and Conceptual Design of Database Design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王能斌; 刘海青

    1991-01-01

    As an application of artificial intelligence and expert system technology to database design,this paper presents an intelligent design tool NITDT,which comprises a requirements specification language NITSL,a knowledge representation language NITKL,and an inference engine with uncertainty reasoning capability.NITDT now covers the requirements analysis and conceptual design of database design.However,it is possible to be integrated with another database design tool,NITDBA,developed also at NIT to become an integrated design tool supporting the whole process of database design.

  10. Artificial intelligence techniques for modeling database user behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanner, Steve; Graves, Sara J.

    1990-01-01

    The design and development of the adaptive modeling system is described. This system models how a user accesses a relational database management system in order to improve its performance by discovering use access patterns. In the current system, these patterns are used to improve the user interface and may be used to speed data retrieval, support query optimization and support a more flexible data representation. The system models both syntactic and semantic information about the user's access and employs both procedural and rule-based logic to manipulate the model.

  11. A Unified Theory of Information,Knowledge and Intelligence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHONGYixin

    2003-01-01

    Information, knowledge and intelligence have long been widely regarded as the most valuable wealth to mankind and there have been great number of papersdis cussing the issues on each of the three. There has also been strong belief on the point of view that there must be a deep linkage existing among information, knowledge and intelligence. On the other hand, however, there has not yet appeared a thoroughly unified theory of information,knowledge and intelligence till the present time. This is mainly because of the lack of a systemic theory of knowl-edge that in fact is a channel through which information may finally be refined into intelligence. An attempt is thus made in the paper to present a foundation and a frame-work of knowledge Theory that should be able to bridge the information theory on one hand and the intelligence theory on the other hand, thus forming a unified theory of information, knowledge, and intelligence.

  12. Online genetic databases informing human genome epidemiology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Higgins Julian PT

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background With the advent of high throughput genotyping technology and the information available via projects such as the human genome sequencing and the HapMap project, more and more data relevant to the study of genetics and disease risk will be produced. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses of human genome epidemiology studies rely on the ability to identify relevant studies and to obtain suitable data from these studies. A first port of call for most such reviews is a search of MEDLINE. We examined whether this could be usefully supplemented by identifying databases on the World Wide Web that contain genetic epidemiological information. Methods We conducted a systematic search for online databases containing genetic epidemiological information on gene prevalence or gene-disease association. In those containing information on genetic association studies, we examined what additional information could be obtained to supplement a MEDLINE literature search. Results We identified 111 databases containing prevalence data, 67 databases specific to a single gene and only 13 that contained information on gene-disease associations. Most of the latter 13 databases were linked to MEDLINE, although five contained information that may not be available from other sources. Conclusion There is no single resource of structured data from genetic association studies covering multiple diseases, and in relation to the number of studies being conducted there is very little information specific to gene-disease association studies currently available on the World Wide Web. Until comprehensive data repositories are created and utilized regularly, new data will remain largely inaccessible to many systematic review authors and meta-analysts.

  13. Intelligent Support for Solving Classification Differences in Statistical Information Integration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jonker, C.M.; Verwaart, D.

    2003-01-01

    Integration of heterogeneous statistics is essential for political decision making on all levels. Like in intelligent information integration in general, the problem is to combine information from different autonomous sources, using different ontologies. However, in statistical information integrati

  14. Using a relational database to index infectious disease information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Jay A

    2010-05-01

    Mapping medical knowledge into a relational database became possible with the availability of personal computers and user-friendly database software in the early 1990s. To create a database of medical knowledge, the domain expert works like a mapmaker to first outline the domain and then add the details, starting with the most prominent features. The resulting "intelligent database" can support the decisions of healthcare professionals. The intelligent database described in this article contains profiles of 275 infectious diseases. Users can query the database for all diseases matching one or more specific criteria (symptom, endemic region of the world, or epidemiological factor). Epidemiological factors include sources (patients, water, soil, or animals), routes of entry, and insect vectors. Medical and public health professionals could use such a database as a decision-support software tool.

  15. Information for the user in design of intelligent systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malin, Jane T.; Schreckenghost, Debra L.

    1993-01-01

    Recommendations are made for improving intelligent system reliability and usability based on the use of information requirements in system development. Information requirements define the task-relevant messages exchanged between the intelligent system and the user by means of the user interface medium. Thus, these requirements affect the design of both the intelligent system and its user interface. Many difficulties that users have in interacting with intelligent systems are caused by information problems. These information problems result from the following: (1) not providing the right information to support domain tasks; and (2) not recognizing that using an intelligent system introduces new user supervisory tasks that require new types of information. These problems are especially prevalent in intelligent systems used for real-time space operations, where data problems and unexpected situations are common. Information problems can be solved by deriving information requirements from a description of user tasks. Using information requirements embeds human-computer interaction design into intelligent system prototyping, resulting in intelligent systems that are more robust and easier to use.

  16. Intelligent Information System to support decision making.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kathrin Rodríguez Llanes

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Making decisions is complicated in a generalized way, the materials and humans resources of the entity we belong to depends on it, such as the fulfillment of its goals. But when the situations are complex, making decisions turns into a very difficult work, due to the great amount of aspects to consider when making the right choice. To make this efficiently the administration must to consult an important volume of information, which generally, is scattered and in any different formats. That’s why appears the need of developing software that crowd together all that information and be capable of, by using powerful search engines and process algorithms improve the good decisions making process. Considering previous explanation, a complete freeware developed product is proposed, this constitutes a generic and multi-platform solution, that using artificial intelligence techniques, specifically the cases based reasoning, gives the possibility to leaders of any institution or organism of making the right choice in any situation.With client-server architecture, this system is consumed from web as a service and it can be perfectly integrated with a management system or the geographic information system to facilitate the business process.

  17. The Design of an Intelligent FITS File Database for XTE

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rots, A. H.

    The X-ray Timing Explorer (XTE) is a High Energy Astrophysics mission intended for launch in the second half of 1995. It carries two pointed instruments that together cover the range 2-250 keV at s time resolution and moderate spectral resolution, and one instrument that will monitor the X-ray sky continuously over the 2-10 keV range. XTE's on-board science data systems provide considerable processing power and unprecedented flexibility in telemetry data modes. Events are processed on-board in several simultaneous data modes, chosen from a large repertoire of modes. Consequently, keeping track of the collected data in the database and providing a mechanism to select data that satisfy selection criteria couched in physical terms is a challenging problem. The XTE Guest Observer Facility, in conformity with the practices at the Office of Guest Investigator Programs, will provide the data in FITS format. The design of these FITS files includes two new features that address the cataloging and data selection issues. First, a hierarchy of FITS tables will be used to navigate the database. A master index will allow software to browse through the catalog with the granularity of individual observations, and find references to instrument indices (one index per instrument or subsystem per observation), as well as, for instance, source information. An instrument index table will contain references to data files generated by data-system components for various time intervals during the observation. The emphasis for the data tables is on those containing raw data, but there will be additional ones holding, for instance, data products and calibration information. Thus, given access to the master index and a set of selection criteria, extractor software will be able to determine the location of the requested data. Second, a Data Description Language (DDL) has been developed to label each data item unambiguously and to facilitate data selection browsing. Through the use of tokens

  18. Information filtering based on wiki index database

    CERN Document Server

    Smirnov, A V

    2008-01-01

    In this paper we present a profile-based approach to information filtering by an analysis of the content of text documents. The Wikipedia index database is created and used to automatically generate the user profile from the user document collection. The problem-oriented Wikipedia subcorpora are created (using knowledge extracted from the user profile) for each topic of user interests. The index databases of these subcorpora are applied to filtering information flow (e.g., mails, news). Thus, the analyzed texts are classified into several topics explicitly presented in the user profile. The paper concentrates on the indexing part of the approach. The architecture of an application implementing the Wikipedia indexing is described. The indexing method is evaluated using the Russian and Simple English Wikipedia.

  19. Knowledge structure representation and automated updates in intelligent information management systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corey, Stephen; Carnahan, Richard S., Jr.

    1990-01-01

    A continuing effort to apply rapid prototyping and Artificial Intelligence techniques to problems associated with projected Space Station-era information management systems is examined. In particular, timely updating of the various databases and knowledge structures within the proposed intelligent information management system (IIMS) is critical to support decision making processes. Because of the significantly large amounts of data entering the IIMS on a daily basis, information updates will need to be automatically performed with some systems requiring that data be incorporated and made available to users within a few hours. Meeting these demands depends first, on the design and implementation of information structures that are easily modified and expanded, and second, on the incorporation of intelligent automated update techniques that will allow meaningful information relationships to be established. Potential techniques are studied for developing such an automated update capability and IIMS update requirements are examined in light of results obtained from the IIMS prototyping effort.

  20. GIDL: a rule based expert system for GenBank Intelligent Data Loading into the Molecular Biodiversity Database.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pannarale, Paolo; Catalano, Domenico; De Caro, Giorgio; Grillo, Giorgio; Leo, Pietro; Pappadà, Graziano; Rubino, Francesco; Scioscia, Gaetano; Licciulli, Flavio

    2012-03-28

    In the scientific biodiversity community, it is increasingly perceived the need to build a bridge between molecular and traditional biodiversity studies. We believe that the information technology could have a preeminent role in integrating the information generated by these studies with the large amount of molecular data we can find in bioinformatics public databases. This work is primarily aimed at building a bioinformatic infrastructure for the integration of public and private biodiversity data through the development of GIDL, an Intelligent Data Loader coupled with the Molecular Biodiversity Database. The system presented here organizes in an ontological way and locally stores the sequence and annotation data contained in the GenBank primary database. The GIDL architecture consists of a relational database and of an intelligent data loader software. The relational database schema is designed to manage biodiversity information (Molecular Biodiversity Database) and it is organized in four areas: MolecularData, Experiment, Collection and Taxonomy. The MolecularData area is inspired to an established standard in Generic Model Organism Databases, the Chado relational schema. The peculiarity of Chado, and also its strength, is the adoption of an ontological schema which makes use of the Sequence Ontology. The Intelligent Data Loader (IDL) component of GIDL is an Extract, Transform and Load software able to parse data, to discover hidden information in the GenBank entries and to populate the Molecular Biodiversity Database. The IDL is composed by three main modules: the Parser, able to parse GenBank flat files; the Reasoner, which automatically builds CLIPS facts mapping the biological knowledge expressed by the Sequence Ontology; the DBFiller, which translates the CLIPS facts into ordered SQL statements used to populate the database. In GIDL Semantic Web technologies have been adopted due to their advantages in data representation, integration and processing

  1. Spatial Collective Intelligence? credibility, accuracy, and Volunteered Geographic Information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spielman, Seth E

    2014-01-01

    Collective intelligence is the idea that under the right circumstances collections of individuals are smarter than even the smartest individuals in the group (Suroweiki 2004), that is a group has an "intelligence" that is independent of the intelligence of its members. The ideology of collective intelligence undergirds much of the enthusiasm about the use of "volunteered" or crowdsourced geographic information. Literature from a variety of fields makes clear that not all groups possess collective intelligence, this paper identifies four pre-conditions for the emergence of collective intelligence and then examine the extent to which collectively generated mapping systems satisfy these conditions. However, the "intelligence" collectively generated maps is hard to assess because there are two difficult to reconcile perspectives on map quality- the credibility perspective and the accuracy perspective. Much of the current literature on user generated maps focuses on assessing the quality of individual contributions. However, because user generated maps are complex social systems and because the quality of a contribution is difficult to assess this strategy may not yield an "intelligent" end product. The existing literature on collective intelligence suggests that the structure of groups more important that the intelligence of group members. Applying this idea to user generated suggests that systems should be designed to foster conditions known to produce collective intelligence rather than privileging particular contributions/contributors. The paper concludes with some design recommendations and by considering the implications of collectively generated maps for both expert knowledge and traditional state sponsored mapping programs.

  2. Smart travel guide: from internet image database to intelligent system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chareyron, Ga"l.; Da Rugna, Jérome; Cousin, Saskia

    2011-02-01

    To help the tourist to discover a city, a region or a park, many options are provided by public tourism travel centers, by free online guides or by dedicated book guides. Nonetheless, these guides provide only mainstream information which are not conform to a particular tourist behavior. On the other hand, we may find several online image databases allowing users to upload their images and to localize each image on a map. These websites are representative of tourism practices and constitute a proxy to analyze tourism flows. Then, this work intends to answer this question: knowing what I have visited and what other people have visited, where should I go now? This process needs to profile users, sites and photos. our paper presents the acquired data and relationship between photographers, sites and photos and introduces the model designed to correctly estimate the site interest of each tourism point. The third part shows an application of our schema: a smart travel guide on geolocated mobile devices. This android application is a travel guide truly matching the user wishes.

  3. An overview on biodiversity information in databases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shanmughavel, Piramanayagam

    2007-03-27

    The massive development of biodiversity related information systems over the WWW (World Wide Web) has created much excitement in recent years. These arrays of new data sources are counterbalanced by the difficulty in knowing their location and nature. However, biologists and computer scientists have started to pull together in a rising tide of coherence and organization to address this issue. The fledging field of biodiversity informatics is expected to deliver major advances that could turn the WWW into a giant global biodiversity information system. The present paper briefly reviews the databases in preserving the biodiversity data.

  4. Preferance of computer technology for analytical support of large database of medical information systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Biryukov А.P.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Aim: to study the use of intelligent technologies for analytical support of large databases of medical information systems. Material and methods. We used the techniques of object-oriented software design and database design. Results. Based on expert review of models and algorithms for analysis of clinical and epidemiological data and principles of knowledge representation in large-scale health information systems, data mining schema were implemented in the software package of the register of Research Center n.a. A. I. Burnazyan of Russia. Identified areas for effective implementation of abstract data model of EAV and procedures Data Maning for the design of database of biomedical registers. Conclusions. Using intelligent software platform that supports different sets of APIs and object models for different operations in different software environments, allows you to build and maintain an information system through the procedures of data biomedical processing.

  5. Intelligent Public Transport System with Information Forensics and Security

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uma Nagaraj

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available To increase the usability of a public transport system it needs to go under revolutionary changes in its operating procedure. It is an attempt to make this possible using recent computer technology, mobile computing advancements and Wi-Fi or GPRS.The Intelligent Public Transport Information System will be specifically developed for Commercial public Transport. In this System passenger can get information about all buses, routes, timings of buses and all stops in any particular route. This system includes two phases. One is for user and other for administrator. At user side, user can request for information about all buses, routes, timings of buses and all stops in any particular route using Wi-Fi or GPRS technology from his mobile or PDA. At administrator side, administrator can update, delete and insert information about all buses, routes, timings of buses, all stops in any particular route and helpline numbers. Administrator can have all rights about database operations .The administrator requires the authentication of smart card for addition or deletion of information from commercial public transport

  6. Advanced information technology: Building stronger databases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Price, D. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

    1994-12-01

    This paper discusses the attributes of the Advanced Information Technology (AIT) tool set, a database application builder designed at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. AIT consists of a C library and several utilities that provide referential integrity across a database, interactive menu and field level help, and a code generator for building tightly controlled data entry support. AIT also provides for dynamic menu trees, report generation support, and creation of user groups. Composition of the library and utilities is discussed, along with relative strengths and weaknesses. In addition, an instantiation of the AIT tool set is presented using a specific application. Conclusions about the future and value of the tool set are then drawn based on the use of the tool set with that specific application.

  7. SME Internationalization Intelligence Information and Knowledge on International Opportunities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zizah Che Senik

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Small and medium enterprises (SMEs internationalization intelligence, referring to the process of gathering information and knowledge on international opportunities, is crucial to initiate SMEs’ internationalization. The literature has stressed organizational resources, networks and information sharing as means to acquire internationalization intelligence, suggesting that the resource-based, network and social capital perspectives can be adopted to explore this issue. However, previous literature still lacks evidence on how SMEs acquire relevant intelligence, and who or what are involved with the process. To address this lack of evidence, we interviewed 54 SME owners/key personnel in the manufacturing sector to: identify sources of internationalization intelligence; examine how those sources assist SMEs to internationalize; and develop propositions on internationalization intelligence. Analyzing the data using NVivo, four themes emerged including institutions, business associates, personal efforts, and other means. The analysis suggests internationalization intelligence occurs mainly through the networks of the SME owners/key personnel, built on their firm’s resources through their internal and external information sharing activities, indicating the need of the SMEs to position themselves in their environments. These findings are developed into propositions. The study indicates multiple perspectives in conceptualizing the process of internationalization intelligence. This study advances a conceptualization of internationalization intelligence, and offers avenues for future research.

  8. Optics Toolbox: An Intelligent Relational Database System For Optical Designers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weller, Scott W.; Hopkins, Robert E.

    1986-12-01

    Optical designers were among the first to use the computer as an engineering tool. Powerful programs have been written to do ray-trace analysis, third-order layout, and optimization. However, newer computing techniques such as database management and expert systems have not been adopted by the optical design community. For the purpose of this discussion we will define a relational database system as a database which allows the user to specify his requirements using logical relations. For example, to search for all lenses in a lens database with a F/number less than two, and a half field of view near 28 degrees, you might enter the following: FNO English-like language, and which are easily modified by the user. An example rule is: IF require microscope objective in air and require NA > 0.9 THEN suggest the use of an oil immersion objective The heart of the expert system is the rule interpreter, sometimes called an inference engine, which reads the rules and forms conclusions based on them. The use of a relational database system containing lens prototypes seems to be a viable prospect. However, it is not clear that expert systems have a place in optical design. In domains such as medical diagnosis and petrology, expert systems are flourishing. These domains are quite different from optical design, however, because optical design is a creative process, and the rules are difficult to write down. We do think that an expert system is feasible in the area of first order layout, which is sufficiently diagnostic in nature to permit useful rules to be written. This first-order expert would emulate an expert designer as he interacted with a customer for the first time: asking the right questions, forming conclusions, and making suggestions. With these objectives in mind, we have developed the Optics Toolbox. Optics Toolbox is actually two programs in one: it is a powerful relational database system with twenty-one search parameters, four search modes, and multi-database

  9. ASEAN Mineral Database and Information System (AMDIS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okubo, Y.; Ohno, T.; Bandibas, J. C.; Wakita, K.; Oki, Y.; Takahashi, Y.

    2014-12-01

    AMDIS has lunched officially since the Fourth ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Minerals on 28 November 2013. In cooperation with Geological Survey of Japan, the web-based GIS was developed using Free and Open Source Software (FOSS) and the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) standards. The system is composed of the local databases and the centralized GIS. The local databases created and updated using the centralized GIS are accessible from the portal site. The system introduces distinct advantages over traditional GIS. Those are a global reach, a large number of users, better cross-platform capability, charge free for users, charge free for provider, easy to use, and unified updates. Raising transparency of mineral information to mining companies and to the public, AMDIS shows that mineral resources are abundant throughout the ASEAN region; however, there are many datum vacancies. We understand that such problems occur because of insufficient governance of mineral resources. Mineral governance we refer to is a concept that enforces and maximizes the capacity and systems of government institutions that manages minerals sector. The elements of mineral governance include a) strengthening of information infrastructure facility, b) technological and legal capacities of state-owned mining companies to fully-engage with mining sponsors, c) government-led management of mining projects by supporting the project implementation units, d) government capacity in mineral management such as the control and monitoring of mining operations, and e) facilitation of regional and local development plans and its implementation with the private sector.

  10. Intelligence in young adulthood and cause-specific mortality in the Danish Conscription Database

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, G.T.; Mortensen, E. L.; Christensen, K.

    2016-01-01

    An inverse association has been reported between early life intelligence and all-cause mortality. The aim of this study was to investigate whether this well-established association differed according to the underlying cause of death and across different birth cohorts. The associations between young...... adult intelligence and mortality from natural and external causes were investigated in the Danish Conscription Database (DCD), which is a cohort of more than 700,000 men born 1939–1959 and followed in Danish registers from young adulthood until late mid-life. Young adult intelligence was inversely...... related to all-cause mortality with a 28% higher risk of dying during the study period per 1 standard deviation (SD) decrease in intelligence test score (HR = 1.28 95% CI = 1.27–1.29). The strength of the observed inverse associations did not vary much across main groups of natural and external causes...

  11. Artificial intelligence applications in information and communication technologies

    CERN Document Server

    Bouguila, Nizar

    2015-01-01

    This book presents various recent applications of Artificial Intelligence in Information and Communication Technologies such as Search and Optimization methods, Machine Learning, Data Representation and Ontologies, and Multi-agent Systems. The main aim of this book is to help Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) practitioners in managing efficiently their platforms using AI tools and methods and to provide them with sufficient Artificial Intelligence background to deal with real-life problems.  .

  12. Visualization of database structures for information retrieval

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grete Lisbjerg Jensen

    1994-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the Book House system, which is designed to support children's information retrieval in libraries as part of their education. It is a shareware program available on CD-ROM or floppy disks, and comprises functionality for database searching as well as for classifying and storing book information in the database. The system concept is based on an understanding of children's domain structures and their capabilities for categorization of information needs in connection with their activities in schools, in school libraries or in public libraries. These structures are visualized in the interface by using metaphors and multimedia technology. Through the use of text, images and animation, the Book House encourages children - even at a very early age - to learn by doing in an enjoyable way, which plays on their previous experiences with computer games. Both words and pictures can be used for searching; this makes the system suitable for all age groups. Even children who have not yet learned to read properly can, by selecting pictures, search for and find those books they would like to have read aloud. Thus, at the very beginning of their school life, they can learn to search for books on their own. For the library community, such a system will provide an extended service which will increase the number of children's own searches and also improve the relevance, quality and utilization of the book collections in the libraries. A market research report on the need for an annual indexing service for books in the Book House format is in preparation by the Danish Library Centre A/S.

  13. Development of the severe accident risk information database management system SARD

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ahn, Kwang Il; Kim, Dong Ha

    2003-01-01

    The main purpose of this report is to introduce essential features and functions of a severe accident risk information management system, SARD (Severe Accident Risk Database Management System) version 1.0, which has been developed in Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, and database management and data retrieval procedures through the system. The present database management system has powerful capabilities that can store automatically and manage systematically the plant-specific severe accident analysis results for core damage sequences leading to severe accidents, and search intelligently the related severe accident risk information. For that purpose, the present database system mainly takes into account the plant-specific severe accident sequences obtained from the Level 2 Probabilistic Safety Assessments (PSAs), base case analysis results for various severe accident sequences (such as code responses and summary for key-event timings), and related sensitivity analysis results for key input parameters/models employed in the severe accident codes. Accordingly, the present database system can be effectively applied in supporting the Level 2 PSA of similar plants, for fast prediction and intelligent retrieval of the required severe accident risk information for the specific plant whose information was previously stored in the database system, and development of plant-specific severe accident management strategies.

  14. Design and Application of an Intelligent Agent for Web Information Discovery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闵君; 冯珊; 唐超; 许立达

    2003-01-01

    With the propagation of applications on the internet, the internet has become a great information source which supplies users with valuable information. But it is hard for users to quickly acquire the right information on the web. This paper an intelligent agent for internet applications to retrieve and extract web information under user's guidance. The intelligent agent is made up of a retrieval script to identify web sources, an extraction script based on the document object model to express extraction process, a data translator to export the extracted information into knowledge bases with frame structures, and a data reasoning to reply users' questions. A GUI tool named Script Writer helps to generate the extraction script visually, and knowledge rule databases help to extract wanted information and to generate the answer to questions.

  15. 2015 International Conference on Information Technology and Intelligent Transportation Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Jain, Lakhmi; Zhao, Xiangmo

    2017-01-01

    This volume includes the proceedings of the 2015 International Conference on Information Technology and Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITITS 2015) which was held in Xi’an on December 12-13, 2015. The conference provided a platform for all professionals and researchers from industry and academia to present and discuss recent advances in the field of Information Technology and Intelligent Transportation Systems. The presented information technologies are connected to intelligent transportation systems including wireless communication, computational technologies, floating car data/floating cellular data, sensing technologies, and video vehicle detection. The articles focusing on intelligent transport systems vary in the technologies applied, from basic management systems to more application systems including topics such as emergency vehicle notification systems, automatic road enforcement, collision avoidance systems and some cooperative systems. The conference hosted 12 invited speakers and over 200 part...

  16. Intelligence obtained by applying data mining to a database of French theses on the subject of Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kira Tarapanoff

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available The subject of Brazil was analyzed within the context of the French database DocThéses, comprising the years 1969 -1999. The data mining technique was used to obtain intelligence and infer knowledge. The objective was to identify indicators concerning: occurrence of thesis by subject areas; thesis supervisors identified with certain subject areas; geographical distribution of cities hosting institutions where the theses were defended; frequency by subject area in the period when the theses were defended. The technique of data mining is divided into stages which go from identification of the problem -object, through selection and preparation of data, and conclude with analysis of the latter. The software used to do the cleaning of the DocThéses database was Infotrans, and Dataview was used for the preparation of the data. It should be pointed out that the knowledge extracted is directly proportional to the value and validity of the information contained in the database. The results of the analysis were illustrated using the assumptions of Zipf's Law on bibliometrics, classifying the information as: trivial, interesting and 'noise', according to the distribution of frequency. It is concluded that the data mining technique associated with specialist software is a powerful ally when used with competitive intelligence applied at all levels of the decision -making process, including the macro level, since it can help the consolidation, investment and development of actions and policies.

  17. TRENDS IN THE INFORMATION SCIENCES RELATIVE TO NAVAL INTELLIGENCE NEEDS

    Science.gov (United States)

    This report defines the information sciences by listing the interdisciplinary scientific and technological areas involved. It discusses state of-the...art trends and research activities in a number of areas of the information sciences which have direct application to intelligence, information, and

  18. Building information modeling based on intelligent parametric technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZENG Xudong; TAN Jie

    2007-01-01

    In order to push the information organization process of the building industry,promote sustainable architectural design and enhance the competitiveness of China's building industry,the author studies building information modeling (BIM) based on intelligent parametric modeling technology.Building information modeling is a new technology in the field of computer aided architectural design,which contains not only geometric data,but also the great amount of engineering data throughout the lifecycle of a building.The author also compares BIM technology with two-dimensional CAD technology,and demonstrates the advantages and characteristics of intelligent parametric modeling technology.Building information modeling,which is based on intelligent parametric modeling technology,will certainly replace traditional computer aided architectural design and become the new driving force to push forward China's building industry in this information age.

  19. 47 CFR 69.120 - Line information database.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Line information database. 69.120 Section 69...) ACCESS CHARGES Computation of Charges § 69.120 Line information database. (a) A charge that is expressed... from a local exchange carrier database to recover the costs of: (1) The transmission facilities...

  20. Trimming information - KOME | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available [ Credits ] BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Contact us ...ation.zip File URL: ftp://ftp.biosciencedbc.jp/archive/kome/LATEST/kome_trimming_information.zip File size: ...SEF URLs by Artio About This Database Database Description Download License Update History of This Database Site Policy | Contact Us Trimming information - KOME | LSDB Archive ...

  1. 75 FR 49946 - National Drug Intelligence Center: Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Extension...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-16

    ... National Drug Intelligence Center: Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Extension With Change... Response System. The United States Department of Justice (DOJ), National Drug Intelligence Center (NDIC... Intelligence Center, Fifth Floor, 319 Washington Street, Johnstown, PA 15901. Written comments and...

  2. Development of Information Technology of Object-relational Databases Design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valentyn A. Filatov

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The article is concerned with the development of information technology of object-relational databases design and study of object features infological and logical database schemes entities and connections.

  3. Database Tomography for Technical Intelligence: A Roadmap of the Near-Earth Space Science and Technology Literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kostoff, Ronald N.; Eberhart, Henry J.; Toothman, Darrell Ray

    1998-01-01

    Database Tomography (DT) is a system which includes algorithms for extracting multi-word phrase frequencies and performing phrase proximity analyses on any type of large textual database. DT was used to derive technical intelligence from a near-earth space (NES) database derived from the Science Citation Index and the Engineering Compendex.…

  4. General database for ground water site information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Dreuzy, Jean-Raynald; Bodin, Jacques; Le Grand, Hervé; Davy, Philippe; Boulanger, Damien; Battais, Annick; Bour, Olivier; Gouze, Philippe; Porel, Gilles

    2006-01-01

    In most cases, analysis and modeling of flow and transport dynamics in ground water systems require long-term, high-quality, and multisource data sets. This paper discusses the structure of a multisite database (the H+ database) developed within the scope of the ERO program (French Environmental Research Observatory, http://www.ore.fr). The database provides an interface between field experimentalists and modelers, which can be used on a daily basis. The database structure enables the storage of a large number of data and data types collected from a given site or multiple-site network. The database is well suited to the integration, backup, and retrieval of data for flow and transport modeling in heterogeneous aquifers. It relies on the definition of standards and uses a templated structure, such that any type of geolocalized data obtained from wells, hydrological stations, and meteorological stations can be handled. New types of platforms other than wells, hydrological stations, and meteorological stations, and new types of experiments and/or parameters could easily be added without modifying the database structure. Thus, we propose that the database structure could be used as a template for designing databases for complex sites. An example application is the H+ database, which gathers data collected from a network of hydrogeological sites associated with the French Environmental Research Observatory.

  5. Building an Information Resource Center for Competitive Intelligence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, J. Sperling

    1992-01-01

    Outlines considerations in the design of a Competitive Intelligence Information Resource Center (CIIRC), which is needed by business organizations for effective strategic decision making. Discussed are user needs, user participation, information sources, technology and interface design, operational characteristics, and planning for implementation.…

  6. Intelligent Tools for Building a Scientific Information Platform

    CERN Document Server

    Skonieczny, Lukasz; Rybiński, Henryk; Niezgodka, Marek

    2012-01-01

    This book is a selection of results obtained within one year of research performed under SYNAT - a nation-wide scientific project aiming to create an infrastructure for scientific content storage and sharing for academia, education and open knowledge society in Poland. The selection refers to the research in artificial intelligence, knowledge discovery and data mining, information retrieval and natural language processing, addressing the problems of implementing intelligent tools for building a scientific information platform. The idea of this book is based on the very successful SYNAT Project Conference and the SYNAT Workshop accompanying the 19th International Symposium on Methodologies for Intelligent Systems (ISMIS 2011). The papers included in this book present an overview and insight into such topics as architecture of scientific information platforms, semantic clustering, ontology-based systems, as well as, multimedia data processing.

  7. An investigation on theory of information-knowledge-intelligence transforms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHONG Yi-xin

    2006-01-01

    It is recognized throughout history that understanding the properties of resources and transforming these resources into products are regarded as the nucleus of science and technology.Understanding the properties of information and transforming the information into products will then play a crucial role in the development of science and technology in the information age.An attempt is thus made in this paper to present the results on the concepts of information and the fundamental features of information transforms.Here information theory will be given a much broader scope than the well-known Shannon theory and the knowledge theory will go beyond the existing knowledge engineering.It is discovered in the paper that the transformations from information to knowledge and further to intelligence constitute the core mechanism of intelligence formarion and is hence named the mechanism approach to intelligence research.It is also discovered that the major approaches to artificial intelligence in history,the structuralism,functionalism and behaviorism,can harmoniously be unified within the framework of the mechanism approach and no longer be contradictory.

  8. Information theory, animal communication, and the search for extraterrestrial intelligence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doyle, Laurance R.; McCowan, Brenda; Johnston, Simon; Hanser, Sean F.

    2011-02-01

    We present ongoing research in the application of information theory to animal communication systems with the goal of developing additional detectors and estimators for possible extraterrestrial intelligent signals. Regardless of the species, for intelligence (i.e., complex knowledge) to be transmitted certain rules of information theory must still be obeyed. We demonstrate some preliminary results of applying information theory to socially complex marine mammal species (bottlenose dolphins and humpback whales) as well as arboreal squirrel monkeys, because they almost exclusively rely on vocal signals for their communications, producing signals which can be readily characterized by signal analysis. Metrics such as Zipf's Law and higher-order information-entropic structure are emerging as indicators of the communicative complexity characteristic of an "intelligent message" content within these animals' signals, perhaps not surprising given these species' social complexity. In addition to human languages, for comparison we also apply these metrics to pulsar signals—perhaps (arguably) the most "organized" of stellar systems—as an example of astrophysical systems that would have to be distinguished from an extraterrestrial intelligence message by such information theoretic filters. We also look at a message transmitted from Earth (Arecibo Observatory) that contains a lot of meaning but little information in the mathematical sense we define it here. We conclude that the study of non-human communication systems on our own planet can make a valuable contribution to the detection of extraterrestrial intelligence by providing quantitative general measures of communicative complexity. Studying the complex communication systems of other intelligent species on our own planet may also be one of the best ways to deprovincialize our thinking about extraterrestrial communication systems in general.

  9. Information granularity, big data, and computational intelligence

    CERN Document Server

    Chen, Shyi-Ming

    2015-01-01

    The recent pursuits emerging in the realm of big data processing, interpretation, collection and organization have emerged in numerous sectors including business, industry, and government organizations. Data sets such as customer transactions for a mega-retailer, weather monitoring, intelligence gathering, quickly outpace the capacities of traditional techniques and tools of data analysis. The 3V (volume, variability and velocity) challenges led to the emergence of new techniques and tools in data visualization, acquisition, and serialization. Soft Computing being regarded as a plethora of technologies of fuzzy sets (or Granular Computing), neurocomputing and evolutionary optimization brings forward a number of unique features that might be instrumental to the development of concepts and algorithms to deal with big data. This carefully edited volume provides the reader with an updated, in-depth material on the emerging principles, conceptual underpinnings, algorithms and practice of Computational Intelligenc...

  10. 48 CFR 804.1102 - Vendor Information Pages (VIP) Database.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... (VIP) Database. 804.1102 Section 804.1102 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS Contract Execution 804.1102 Vendor Information Pages (VIP) Database. Prior to January 1, 2012, all VOSBs and SDVOSBs must be listed in the VIP database, available at...

  11. Content-Based Information Retrieval from Forensic Databases

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Geradts, Z.J.M.H.

    2002-01-01

    In forensic science, the number of image databases is growing rapidly. For this reason, it is necessary to have a proper procedure for searching in these images databases based on content. The use of image databases results in more solved crimes; furthermore, statistical information can be obtained

  12. SOPHIE: Social, Open Pro-active Hub for Information Exchange to Support Intelligence Communities

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Streefkerk, J.W.; Eikelboom, A.; Paulissen, R.; Bemmel, I.E. van; Hemmer, A.F.; Venrooij, W.; Hollander, C.J. den

    2014-01-01

    Military intelligence communities need to collect, process and disseminate information as quickly and efficiently as possible, for example in answering requests for information by commanders. Currently, the flow of information between the field and intelligence communities is hampered by disparities

  13. Intelligent Agent-Based System for Digital Library Information Retrieval

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    师雪霖; 牛振东; 宋瀚涛; 宋丽哲

    2003-01-01

    A new information search model is reported and the design and implementation of a system based on intelligent agent is presented. The system is an assistant information retrieval system which helps users to search what they need. The system consists of four main components: interface agent, information retrieval agent, broker agent and learning agent. They collaborate to implement system functions. The agents apply learning mechanisms based on an improved ID3 algorithm.

  14. Ontology-Based Information Extraction for Business Intelligence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saggion, Horacio; Funk, Adam; Maynard, Diana; Bontcheva, Kalina

    Business Intelligence (BI) requires the acquisition and aggregation of key pieces of knowledge from multiple sources in order to provide valuable information to customers or feed statistical BI models and tools. The massive amount of information available to business analysts makes information extraction and other natural language processing tools key enablers for the acquisition and use of that semantic information. We describe the application of ontology-based extraction and merging in the context of a practical e-business application for the EU MUSING Project where the goal is to gather international company intelligence and country/region information. The results of our experiments so far are very promising and we are now in the process of building a complete end-to-end solution.

  15. An Innovative Thinking-Based Intelligent Information Fusion Algorithm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huimin Lu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This study proposes an intelligent algorithm that can realize information fusion in reference to the relative research achievements in brain cognitive theory and innovative computation. This algorithm treats knowledge as core and information fusion as a knowledge-based innovative thinking process. Furthermore, the five key parts of this algorithm including information sense and perception, memory storage, divergent thinking, convergent thinking, and evaluation system are simulated and modeled. This algorithm fully develops innovative thinking skills of knowledge in information fusion and is a try to converse the abstract conception of brain cognitive science to specific and operable research routes and strategies. Furthermore, the influences of each parameter of this algorithm on algorithm performance are analyzed and compared with those of classical intelligent algorithms trough test. Test results suggest that the algorithm proposed in this study can obtain the optimum problem solution by less target evaluation times, improve optimization effectiveness, and achieve the effective fusion of information.

  16. Bringing Business Intelligence to Health Information Technology Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Guangzhi; Zhang, Chi; Li, Lei

    2015-01-01

    Business intelligence (BI) and healthcare analytics are the emerging technologies that provide analytical capability to help healthcare industry improve service quality, reduce cost, and manage risks. However, such component on analytical healthcare data processing is largely missed from current healthcare information technology (HIT) or health…

  17. Bringing Business Intelligence to Health Information Technology Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Guangzhi; Zhang, Chi; Li, Lei

    2015-01-01

    Business intelligence (BI) and healthcare analytics are the emerging technologies that provide analytical capability to help healthcare industry improve service quality, reduce cost, and manage risks. However, such component on analytical healthcare data processing is largely missed from current healthcare information technology (HIT) or health…

  18. International Conference on Information and Communication Technology for Intelligent Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Das, Swagatam

    2016-01-01

    This volume contains 60 papers presented at ICTIS 2015: International Conference on Information and Communication Technology for Intelligent Systems. The conference was held during 28th and 29th November, 2015, Ahmedabad, India and organized communally by Venus International College of Technology, Association of Computer Machinery, Ahmedabad Chapter and Supported by Computer Society of India Division IV – Communication and Division V – Education and Research. This volume contains papers mainly focused on ICT and its application for Intelligent Computing, Cloud Storage, Data Mining, Image Processing and Software Analysis etc.

  19. Intelligent query processing for semantic mediation of information systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saber Benharzallah

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available We propose an intelligent and an efficient query processing approach for semantic mediation of information systems. We propose also a generic multi agent architecture that supports our approach. Our approach focuses on the exploitation of intelligent agents for query reformulation and the use of a new technology for the semantic representation. The algorithm is self-adapted to the changes of the environment, offers a wide aptitude and solves the various data conflicts in a dynamic way; it also reformulates the query using the schema mediation method for the discovered systems and the context mediation for the other systems.

  20. TWRS information locator database system administrator`s manual

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Knutson, B.J., Westinghouse Hanford

    1996-09-13

    This document is a guide for use by the Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS) Information Locator Database (ILD) System Administrator. The TWRS ILD System is an inventory of information used in the TWRS Systems Engineering process to represent the TWRS Technical Baseline. The inventory is maintained in the form of a relational database developed in Paradox 4.5.

  1. Basical information - KOME | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available [ Credits ] BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Contact us ...ation about full-length cDNA clones Data file File name: kome_basical_information.zip File URL: ftp://ftp.biosciencedbc.jp/archiv...base Database Description Download License Update History of This Database Site Policy | Contact Us Basical information - KOME | LSDB Archive ...

  2. Strengthening Intelligence Education with Information-Processing and Knowledge- Organization Competencies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yejun Wu

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper studies the weaknesses of intelligence-education curriculum in the United States from a Library and Information Science perspective. Intelligence information processing is a separate step in the traditional intelligence cycle; however, information-processing competencies are often included in the intelligence collection and analysis competencies in the Intelligence Community. A study of the websites of the intelligence-education programs in the major 27 intelligence-education institutions in the United States reveals that information processing is often implicitly included in an intelligence analysis or collection course; and only three universities offer such courses that include information-processing components. Only one university has been found to offer courses that implicitly include components of the knowledge-organization competency. This paper recommends strengthening intelligence-education curriculum with information-processing and knowledge-organization competencies.

  3. Database and applications security integrating information security and data management

    CERN Document Server

    Thuraisingham, Bhavani

    2005-01-01

    This is the first book to provide an in-depth coverage of all the developments, issues and challenges in secure databases and applications. It provides directions for data and application security, including securing emerging applications such as bioinformatics, stream information processing and peer-to-peer computing. Divided into eight sections, each of which focuses on a key concept of secure databases and applications, this book deals with all aspects of technology, including secure relational databases, inference problems, secure object databases, secure distributed databases and emerging

  4. All-source Information Management and Integration for Improved Collective Intelligence Production

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    increasing amounts of ISR data and information from various sources (SIGINT, IMINT, GEOINT, HUMINT, OSINT , etc.), produced in disparate multiple media...Electronic Intelligence (ELINT) • Open Source Intelligence ( OSINT ) • Technical Intelligence (TECHINT) These intelligence disciplines produce...Multi-sources: SIGINT, IMINT/GeoINT, HUMINT, OSINT , etc. – Various formats: sensor data, multimedia (text, images, audio, video) • Hard/soft

  5. Information gathering, management and transfering for geospacial intelligence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nunes, Paulo; Correia, Anacleto; Teodoro, M. Filomena

    2017-07-01

    Information is a key subject in modern organization operations. The success of joint and combined operations with organizations partners depends on the accurate information and knowledge flow concerning the operations theatre: provision of resources, environment evolution, markets location, where and when an event occurred. As in the past and nowadays we cannot conceive modern operations without maps and geo-spatial information (GI). Information and knowledge management is fundamental to the success of organizational decisions in an uncertainty environment. The georeferenced information management is a process of knowledge management, it begins in the raw data and ends on generating knowledge. GI and intelligence systems allow us to integrate all other forms of intelligence and can be a main platform to process and display geo-spatial-time referenced events. Combining explicit knowledge with peoples know-how to generate a continuous learning cycle that supports real time decisions mitigates the influences of fog of everyday competition and provides the knowledge supremacy. Extending the preliminary analysis done in [1], this work applies the exploratory factor analysis to a questionnaire about the GI and intelligence management in an organization company allowing to identify future lines of action to improve information process sharing and exploration of all the potential of this important resource.

  6. Instruction in Information Structuring Improves Bayesian Judgment in Intelligence Analysts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David R. Mandel

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available An experiment was conducted to test the effectiveness of brief instruction in information structuring (i.e., representing and integrating information for improving the coherence of probability judgments and binary choices among intelligence analysts. Forty-three analysts were presented with comparable sets of Bayesian judgment problems before and immediately after instruction. After instruction, analysts’ probability judgments were more coherent (i.e., more additive and compliant with Bayes theorem. Instruction also improved the coherence of binary choices regarding category membership: after instruction, subjects were more likely to invariably choose the category to which they assigned the higher probability of a target’s membership. The research provides a rare example of evidence-based validation of effectiveness in instruction to improve the statistical assessment skills of intelligence analysts. Such instruction could also be used to improve the assessment quality of other types of experts who are required to integrate statistical information or make probabilistic assessments.

  7. Semantic Annotation Framework For Intelligent Information Retrieval Using KIM Architecture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanjay Kumar Malik

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Due to the explosion of information/knowledge on the web and wide use of search engines for desiredinformation,the role of knowledge management(KM is becoming more significant in an organization.Knowledge Management in an Organization is used to create ,capture, store, share, retrieve and manageinformation efficiently. The semantic web, an intelligent and meaningful web, tend to provide a promisingplatform for knowledge management systems and vice versa, since they have the potential to give eachother the real substance for machine-understandable web resources which in turn will lead to anintelligent, meaningful and efficient information retrieval on web. Today,the challenge for web communityis to integrate the distributed heterogeneous resources on web with an objective of an intelligent webenvironment focusing on data semantics and user requirements. Semantic Annotation(SA is being widelyused which is about assigning to the entities in the text and links to their semantic descriptions. Varioustools like KIM, Amaya etc may be used for semantic Annotation.In this paper, we introduce semantic annotation as one of the key technology in an intelligent webenvironment , then revisit and review, discuss and explore about Knowledge Management and SemanticAnnotation. A Knowledge Management Framework and a Framework for Semantic Annotation andSemantic Search with Knowledge Base(GATE and Ontology have been presented. Then KIM Annotationplatform architecture including KIM Ontology(KIMO, KIM Knowledge Base and KIM front ends havebeen highlighted. Finally, intelligent pattern search and concerned GATE framework with a KIMAnnotation Example have been illiustrated towards an intelligent information retrieval

  8. Database structure and file layout of Nuclear Power Plant Database. Database for design information on Light Water Reactors in Japan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yamamoto, Nobuo [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan). Tokai Research Establishment; Izumi, Fumio

    1995-12-01

    The Nuclear Power Plant Database (PPD) has been developed at the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI) to provide plant design information on domestic Light Water Reactors (LWRs) to be used for nuclear safety research and so forth. This database can run on the main frame computer in the JAERI Tokai Establishment. The PPD contains the information on the plant design concepts, the numbers, capacities, materials, structures and types of equipment and components, etc, based on the safety analysis reports of the domestic LWRs. This report describes the details of the PPD focusing on the database structure and layout of data files so that the users can utilize it efficiently. (author).

  9. FORMATION OF INFORMATION SENSOR IMAGES OF INTELLIGENT VITA-MEDIUM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. V. Gulaj

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper shows a generalized approach to procedures of control and analysis of vita-medium properties when «the subjective sensor system» is used. The state of vita-medium is determined on the basis of the applied sources of expert assessments which reflect its properties in the natural language by means of aggregation of quantitative and qualitative features. Being so, a totality of information sensor images of vita-medium is formed, which represent a certain informational coherence and characterize vita-medium as a specific coherence.It is shown that the creation of information images is carried out according to the known principles of formalized subjective description of complex systems. Accordingly, the technology of formalized presentation of information flows and sensor images is considered in the process of vita-medium modeling with the use of categorical variables. Possible vita-medium structuring is shown at practically any complexity level with the aid of the following components: need; idea; resources; results; construction.Organization of data structures has been analyzed for formation of the intelligent vita-medium, and external, systematic and physical levels in the intelligent model base have been provided. A peculiarity of data is that in the vita-medium model it is relevant to certain material objects of the real world, to physical or informational processes. This provide data filling with the distinctive contents having the principal meaning for a set of functional tasks resolved in the intelligent model volume.

  10. Clinical decision support tools: analysis of online drug information databases

    OpenAIRE

    Seamon Matthew J; Polen Hyla H; Marsh Wallace A; Clauson Kevin A; Ortiz Blanca I

    2007-01-01

    Abstract Background Online drug information databases are used to assist in enhancing clinical decision support. However, the choice of which online database to consult, purchase or subscribe to is likely made based on subjective elements such as history of use, familiarity, or availability during professional training. The purpose of this study was to evaluate clinical decision support tools for drug information by systematically comparing the most commonly used online drug information datab...

  11. Information Needs in Competitive Technical Intelligence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan Cerny

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: In this paper, the importance of CTI for the innovation management of companies will be discussed, including the barriers, the core structure of the CTI unit and a proper search process from top management to concrete research outputs. To begin with, we need to define the environment where the innovation activities are being conducted. In the second part, we put CTI in the organizational framework of the companies, and in the third part we discuss the importance of information needs focused on innovative companies.

  12. A database system for the management of severe accident risk information, SARD

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ahn, K. I.; Kim, D. H. [KAERI, Taejon (Korea, Republic of)

    2003-10-01

    The purpose of this paper is to introduce main features and functions of a PC Windows-based database management system, SARD, which has been developed at Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute for automatic management and search of the severe accident risk information. Main functions of the present database system are implemented by three closely related, but distinctive modules: (1) fixing of an initial environment for data storage and retrieval, (2) automatic loading and management of accident information, and (3) automatic search and retrieval of accident information. For this, the present database system manipulates various form of the plant-specific severe accident risk information, such as dominant severe accident sequences identified from the plant-specific Level 2 Probabilistic Safety Assessment (PSA) and accident sequence-specific information obtained from the representative severe accident codes (e.g., base case and sensitivity analysis results, and summary for key plant responses). The present database system makes it possible to implement fast prediction and intelligent retrieval of the required severe accident risk information for various accident sequences, and in turn it can be used for the support of the Level 2 PSA of similar plants and for the development of plant-specific severe accident management strategies.

  13. Brain Tumor Database, a free relational database for collection and analysis of brain tumor patient information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergamino, Maurizio; Hamilton, David J; Castelletti, Lara; Barletta, Laura; Castellan, Lucio

    2015-03-01

    In this study, we describe the development and utilization of a relational database designed to manage the clinical and radiological data of patients with brain tumors. The Brain Tumor Database was implemented using MySQL v.5.0, while the graphical user interface was created using PHP and HTML, thus making it easily accessible through a web browser. This web-based approach allows for multiple institutions to potentially access the database. The BT Database can record brain tumor patient information (e.g. clinical features, anatomical attributes, and radiological characteristics) and be used for clinical and research purposes. Analytic tools to automatically generate statistics and different plots are provided. The BT Database is a free and powerful user-friendly tool with a wide range of possible clinical and research applications in neurology and neurosurgery. The BT Database graphical user interface source code and manual are freely available at http://tumorsdatabase.altervista.org.

  14. Potentials of Advanced Database Technology for Military Information Systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Choenni, Sunil; Bruggeman, Ben

    2001-01-01

    Research and development in database technology evolves in several directions, which are not necessarily divergent. A number of these directions might be promising for military information systems as well. In this paper, we discuss the potentials of multi-media databases and data mining. Both direct

  15. Online Information. Selected Databases at the New York State Library.

    Science.gov (United States)

    New York State Library, Albany. Database Services.

    This brochure describes the online information services at the New York State Library, which has online access to over 250 databases covering a broad range of subject areas, including current events, law, science, medicine, public affairs, grants, business, computer technology, education, social welfare, and humanities. Many of these databases are…

  16. An intelligent management system for corporate information- calculating network development

    CERN Document Server

    Pirogov, V V; Khristenko, D V

    2001-01-01

    An approach to solving the problem of managerial control quality improvement corporate information-calculating networks (CICN) is proposed. The approach is based on the concept of a flexible toolkit. A macro-model, system-science and system-engineering models of an intelligent managerial control system (IMCS) for CICN development are considered as well as its dynamics. The practical opportunity of IMCS implementation is assessed. (5 refs).

  17. The processing of information from sensors in intelligent systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kokovin, V. A.; Sytin, A. N.

    2017-01-01

    The article describes the processing of information obtained from sensors in intelligent systems. The paper analyzes the need of advanced treatment for a paralleling operation calculator which reduces the time of response to input events. A realization of a speculative processing algorithm in the FPGA by streaming control is based on a data flow model. This solution can be used in applications related to telecommunications networks of distributed control systems.

  18. Sample information - RED | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available switchLanguage; BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Data List Contact us RED...e Update History of This Database Site Policy | Contact Us Sample information - RED | LSDB Archive ...

  19. Consolidated Environmental Resource Database Information Process (CERDIP)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-11-19

    4 6.1 STEP 1: Define the Area of Interest ........................................................................... 4 6.2...GIS Geographic Information System IGO Inter-Governmental Organizations IUCN International Union for the Conservation of Nature KML Keyhole...a tactic in their attempt to erase the cultural heritage of societies they desire to dominate. Similar to conflict minerals, VEOs and international

  20. Alternative treatment technology information center computer database system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sullivan, D. [Environmental Protection Agency, Edison, NJ (United States)

    1995-10-01

    The Alternative Treatment Technology Information Center (ATTIC) computer database system was developed pursuant to the 1986 Superfund law amendments. It provides up-to-date information on innovative treatment technologies to clean up hazardous waste sites. ATTIC v2.0 provides access to several independent databases as well as a mechanism for retrieving full-text documents of key literature. It can be accessed with a personal computer and modem 24 hours a day, and there are no user fees. ATTIC provides {open_quotes}one-stop shopping{close_quotes} for information on alternative treatment options by accessing several databases: (1) treatment technology database; this contains abstracts from the literature on all types of treatment technologies, including biological, chemical, physical, and thermal methods. The best literature as viewed by experts is highlighted. (2) treatability study database; this provides performance information on technologies to remove contaminants from wastewaters and soils. It is derived from treatability studies. This database is available through ATTIC or separately as a disk that can be mailed to you. (3) underground storage tank database; this presents information on underground storage tank corrective actions, surface spills, emergency response, and remedial actions. (4) oil/chemical spill database; this provides abstracts on treatment and disposal of spilled oil and chemicals. In addition to these separate databases, ATTIC allows immediate access to other disk-based systems such as the Vendor Information System for Innovative Treatment Technologies (VISITT) and the Bioremediation in the Field Search System (BFSS). The user may download these programs to their own PC via a high-speed modem. Also via modem, users are able to download entire documents through the ATTIC system. Currently, about fifty publications are available, including Superfund Innovative Technology Evaluation (SITE) program documents.

  1. DOE technology information management system database study report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Widing, M.A.; Blodgett, D.W.; Braun, M.D.; Jusko, M.J.; Keisler, J.M.; Love, R.J.; Robinson, G.L. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Decision and Information Sciences Div.

    1994-11-01

    To support the missions of the US Department of Energy (DOE) Special Technologies Program, Argonne National Laboratory is defining the requirements for an automated software system that will search electronic databases on technology. This report examines the work done and results to date. Argonne studied existing commercial and government sources of technology databases in five general areas: on-line services, patent database sources, government sources, aerospace technology sources, and general technology sources. First, it conducted a preliminary investigation of these sources to obtain information on the content, cost, frequency of updates, and other aspects of their databases. The Laboratory then performed detailed examinations of at least one source in each area. On this basis, Argonne recommended which databases should be incorporated in DOE`s Technology Information Management System.

  2. An overview on biodiversity information in databases

    OpenAIRE

    Shanmughavel, Piramanayagam

    2007-01-01

    The massive development of biodiversity related information systems over the WWW (World Wide Web) has created much excitement in recent years. These arrays of new data sources are counterbalanced by the difficulty in knowing their location and nature. However, biologists and computer scientists have started to pull together in a rising tide of coherence and organization to address this issue. The fledging field of biodiversity informatics is expected to deliver major advances that could turn ...

  3. Intelligent Information System for Waste Management; Jaetehuollon aelykaes tietojaerjestelmae iWaste

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mustonen, T. [Kuopio Univ. (Finland)

    2003-07-01

    'iWaste' is a project for developing and testing intelligent computational methods for more comprehensive waste management. Important issues are automated reporting, optimisation of waste collection, forecasting of waste formation, data handling of waste disposal sites and simulation and modelling of regional waste management. The main objective of the project is to identify and analyse known sources of information and to link them to the existing information processing systems in the field of waste management. Additionally, the goal is to identify and test functional elements that could be developed further to software products and services. The results of the project can be categorized into three sectors. Firstly, the guidelines for a comprehensive information system in waste management will be created. This includes the requirement specifications of different parties, definitions for the data exchange interfaces and an architectural plan for software products capable of co-operative processing. Secondly, the central parts of the intelligent information system will be piloted using the research database collected in the early stage of the project. The main topics investigated are data quality, the use of Geographical Information Systems (GIS), automated reporting, optimisation of waste collection and forecasting of waste formation. Additionally, the pilot information system can be utilized in derivative projects to speed up the starting phases of them. This makes it possible to create persistent development of waste management information systems both academically and commercially. (orig.)

  4. Extending a geocoding database by Web information extraction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Yunchao; Niu, Zheng

    2008-10-01

    Local Search has recently attracted much attention. And the popular architecture of Local Search is map-and-hyperlinks, which links geo-referenced Web content to a map interface. This architecture shows that a good Local Search not only depends on search engine techniques, but also on a perfect geocoding database. The process of building and updating a geocoding database is laborious and time consuming so that it is usually difficult to keep up with the change of the real world. However, the Web provides a rich resource of location related information, which would be a supplementary information source for geocoding. Therefore, this paper introduces how to extract geographic information from Web documents to extend a geocoding database. Our approach involves two major steps. First, geographic named entities are identified and extracted from Web content. Then, named entities are geocoded and put into storage. By this way, we can extend a geocoding database to provide better local Web search services.

  5. Smart information systems computational intelligence for real-life applications

    CERN Document Server

    Hopfgartner, Frank

    2015-01-01

    This must-read text/reference presents an overview of smart information systems for both the private and public sector, highlighting the research questions that can be studied by applying computational intelligence. The book demonstrates how to transform raw data into effective smart information services, covering the challenges and potential of this approach. Each chapter describes the algorithms, tools, measures and evaluations used to answer important questions. This is then further illustrated by a diverse selection of case studies reflecting genuine problems faced by SMEs, multinational

  6. Grey systems for intelligent sensors and information processing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chen Chunlin; Dong Daoyi; Chen Zonghai; Wang Haibo

    2008-01-01

    In a measurement system,new representation methods are necessary to maintain the uncertainty and to supply more powerful ability for reasoning and transformation between numerical system and symbolic system.A grey measurement system is discussed from the point of view of intelligent sensors and incomplete information processing compared with a numerical and symbolized mea8urement system.The methods of grey representation and information processing are proposed for data collection and reasoning.As a case study,multi-ultrasonic sensor systems are demonstrated to verify the effectiveness of the proposed methods.

  7. Information Retrieval in Telemedicine: a Comparative Study on Bibliographic Databases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmadi, Maryam; Sarabi, Roghayeh Ershad; Orak, Roohangiz Jamshidi; Bahaadinbeigy, Kambiz

    2015-01-01

    Background and Aims: The first step in each systematic review is selection of the most valid database that can provide the highest number of relevant references. This study was carried out to determine the most suitable database for information retrieval in telemedicine field. Methods: Cinhal, PubMed, Web of Science and Scopus databases were searched for telemedicine matched with Education, cost benefit and patient satisfaction. After analysis of the obtained results, the accuracy coefficient, sensitivity, uniqueness and overlap of databases were calculated. Results: The studied databases differed in the number of retrieved articles. PubMed was identified as the most suitable database for retrieving information on the selected topics with the accuracy and sensitivity ratios of 50.7% and 61.4% respectively. The uniqueness percent of retrieved articles ranged from 38% for Pubmed to 3.0% for Cinhal. The highest overlap rate (18.6%) was found between PubMed and Web of Science. Less than 1% of articles have been indexed in all searched databases. Conclusion: PubMed is suggested as the most suitable database for starting search in telemedicine and after PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science can retrieve about 90% of the relevant articles. PMID:26236086

  8. PhyloFinder: An intelligent search engine for phylogenetic tree databases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bansal Mukul S

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Bioinformatic tools are needed to store and access the rapidly growing phylogenetic data. These tools should enable users to identify existing phylogenetic trees containing a specified taxon or set of taxa and to compare a specified phylogenetic hypothesis to existing phylogenetic trees. Results PhyloFinder is an intelligent search engine for phylogenetic databases that we have implemented using trees from TreeBASE. It enables taxonomic queries, in which it identifies trees in the database containing the exact name of the query taxon and/or any synonymous taxon names, and it provides spelling suggestions for the query when there is no match. Additionally, PhyloFinder can identify trees containing descendants or direct ancestors of the query taxon. PhyloFinder also performs phylogenetic queries, in which it identifies trees that contain the query tree or topologies that are similar to the query tree. Conclusion PhyloFinder can enhance the utility of any tree database by providing tools for both taxonomic and phylogenetic queries as well as visualization tools that highlight the query results and provide links to NCBI and TBMap. An implementation of PhyloFinder using trees from TreeBASE is available from the web client application found in the availability and requirements section.

  9. Onboard centralized frame tree database for intelligent space operations of the Mars Science Laboratory Rover.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Won S; Diaz-Calderon, Antonio; Peters, Stephen F; Carsten, Joseph L; Leger, Chris

    2014-11-01

    Planetary surface science operations performed by robotic space systems frequently require pointing cameras at various objects and moving a robotic arm end effector tool toward specific targets. Earlier NASA Mars Exploration Rovers did not have the ability to compute actual coordinates for given object coordinate frame names and had to be provided with explicit coordinates. Since it sometimes takes hours to more than a day to get final approval of certain calculated coordinates for command uplink via the Earth-based mission operations procedures, a highly desired enhancement for future rovers was to have the onboard automated capability to compute the coordinates for a given frame name. The Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) rover mission is the first to have a centralized coordinate transform database to maintain the knowledge of spatial relations. This onboard intelligence significantly simplifies communication and control between Earth-based human mission operators and the robotic rover on Mars by supporting higher level abstraction of commands using object and target names instead of coordinates. More specifically, the spatial relations of many object frames are represented hierarchically in a tree data structure, called the frame tree. Individual frame transforms are populated by their respective modules that have specific knowledge of the frames. Through this onboard centralized frame tree database, client modules can query transforms between any two frames and support spacecraft commands that use any frames maintained in the frame tree. Various operational examples in the MSL mission that have greatly benefitted from this onboard centralized frame tree database are presented.

  10. Fish Karyome: A karyological information network database of Indian Fishes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagpure, Naresh Sahebrao; Pathak, Ajey Kumar; Pati, Rameshwar; Singh, Shri Prakash; Singh, Mahender; Sarkar, Uttam Kumar; Kushwaha, Basdeo; Kumar, Ravindra

    2012-01-01

    'Fish Karyome', a database on karyological information of Indian fishes have been developed that serves as central source for karyotype data about Indian fishes compiled from the published literature. Fish Karyome has been intended to serve as a liaison tool for the researchers and contains karyological information about 171 out of 2438 finfish species reported in India and is publically available via World Wide Web. The database provides information on chromosome number, morphology, sex chromosomes, karyotype formula and cytogenetic markers etc. Additionally, it also provides the phenotypic information that includes species name, its classification, and locality of sample collection, common name, local name, sex, geographical distribution, and IUCN Red list status. Besides, fish and karyotype images, references for 171 finfish species have been included in the database. Fish Karyome has been developed using SQL Server 2008, a relational database management system, Microsoft's ASP.NET-2008 and Macromedia's FLASH Technology under Windows 7 operating environment. The system also enables users to input new information and images into the database, search and view the information and images of interest using various search options. Fish Karyome has wide range of applications in species characterization and identification, sex determination, chromosomal mapping, karyo-evolution and systematics of fishes.

  11. A conceptual framework for intelligent real-time information processing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schudy, Robert

    1987-01-01

    By combining artificial intelligence concepts with the human information processing model of Rasmussen, a conceptual framework was developed for real time artificial intelligence systems which provides a foundation for system organization, control and validation. The approach is based on the description of system processing terms of an abstraction hierarchy of states of knowledge. The states of knowledge are organized along one dimension which corresponds to the extent to which the concepts are expressed in terms of the system inouts or in terms of the system response. Thus organized, the useful states form a generally triangular shape with the sensors and effectors forming the lower two vertices and the full evaluated set of courses of action the apex. Within the triangle boundaries are numerous processing paths which shortcut the detailed processing, by connecting incomplete levels of analysis to partially defined responses. Shortcuts at different levels of abstraction include reflexes, sensory motor control, rule based behavior, and satisficing. This approach was used in the design of a real time tactical decision aiding system, and in defining an intelligent aiding system for transport pilots.

  12. Database system selection for marketing strategies support in information systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    František Dařena

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available In today’s dynamically changing environment marketing has a significant role. Creating successful marketing strategies requires large amount of high quality information of various kinds and data types. A powerful database management system is a necessary condition for marketing strategies creation support. The paper briefly describes the field of marketing strategies and specifies the features that should be provided by database systems in connection with these strategies support. Major commercial (Oracle, DB2, MS SQL, Sybase and open-source (PostgreSQL, MySQL, Firebird databases are than examined from the point of view of accordance with these characteristics and their comparison in made. The results are useful for making the decision before acquisition of a database system during information system’s hardware architecture specification.

  13. Patent Database : A Methodology of Information Retrieval From PDF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pawan Sharma

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Patent document holds wealth of information in itself. A brief detail of Indian patent applicationinformation is published as eighteen month publication by Indian patent Office, in electronic gazetteweekly. To date, a proper database of Indian patents specifically for research determination has not beenavailable, making it complicated for researcher to use this data for measuring any kind of researchactivities in terms of patents in India. To facilitate this, we constructed a comprehensive patent databasewhich incorporates the information presented in the electronic gazette. This database includes informationsuch as technology class, applicant, inventor, country of origin etc., of the patent submitted. We present themethodology for the creation of this database, its basic features along with its accuracy and reliability inthis research paper. Patent based database has been developed and can be used for various innovationresearches and activities.

  14. Towards general information theoretical representations of database problems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Joslyn, C.

    1997-06-01

    General database systems are described from the General Systems Theoretical (GST) framework. In this context traditional information theoretical (statistical) and general information theoretical (fuzzy measure and set theoretical, possibilistic, and random set theoretical) representations are derived. A preliminary formal framework is introduced.

  15. Case retrieval in medical databases by fusing heterogeneous information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quellec, Gwénolé; Lamard, Mathieu; Cazuguel, Guy; Roux, Christian; Cochener, Béatrice

    2011-01-01

    A novel content-based heterogeneous information retrieval framework, particularly well suited to browse medical databases and support new generation computer aided diagnosis (CADx) systems, is presented in this paper. It was designed to retrieve possibly incomplete documents, consisting of several images and semantic information, from a database; more complex data types such as videos can also be included in the framework. The proposed retrieval method relies on image processing, in order to characterize each individual image in a document by their digital content, and information fusion. Once the available images in a query document are characterized, a degree of match, between the query document and each reference document stored in the database, is defined for each attribute (an image feature or a metadata). A Bayesian network is used to recover missing information if need be. Finally, two novel information fusion methods are proposed to combine these degrees of match, in order to rank the reference documents by decreasing relevance for the query. In the first method, the degrees of match are fused by the Bayesian network itself. In the second method, they are fused by the Dezert-Smarandache theory: the second approach lets us model our confidence in each source of information (i.e., each attribute) and take it into account in the fusion process for a better retrieval performance. The proposed methods were applied to two heterogeneous medical databases, a diabetic retinopathy database and a mammography screening database, for computer aided diagnosis. Precisions at five of 0.809 ± 0.158 and 0.821 ± 0.177, respectively, were obtained for these two databases, which is very promising.

  16. ANNIS: a linguistic database for exploring information structure

    OpenAIRE

    Dipper, Stefanie; Götze, Michael; Stede, Manfred; Wegst, Tillmann

    2008-01-01

    In this paper, we discuss the design and implementation of our first version of the database "ANNIS" (ANNotation of Information Structure). For research based on empirical data, ANNIS provides a uniform environment for storing this data together with its linguistic annotations. A central database promotes standardized annotation, which facilitates interpretation and comparison of the data. ANNIS is used through a standard web browser and offers tier-based visualization of data and annotations...

  17. Information Design for “Weak Signal” detection and processing in Economic Intelligence: A case study on Health resources

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sahbi Sidhom

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The topics of this research cover all phases of “Information Design” applied to detect and profit from weak signals in economic intelligence (EI or business intelligence (BI. The field of the information design (ID applies to the process of translating complex, unorganized or unstructured data into valuable and meaningful information. ID practice requires an interdisciplinary approach, which combines skills in graphic design (writing, analysis processing and editing, human performances technology and human factors. Applied in the context of information system, it allows end-users to easily detect implicit topics known as “weak signals” (WS. In our approach to implement the ID, the processes cover the development of a knowledge management (KM process in the context of EI. A case study concerning information monitoring health resources is presented using ID processes to outline weak signals. Both French and American bibliographic databases were applied to make the connection to multilingual concepts in the health watch process.

  18. Clinical decision support tools: analysis of online drug information databases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seamon Matthew J

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Online drug information databases are used to assist in enhancing clinical decision support. However, the choice of which online database to consult, purchase or subscribe to is likely made based on subjective elements such as history of use, familiarity, or availability during professional training. The purpose of this study was to evaluate clinical decision support tools for drug information by systematically comparing the most commonly used online drug information databases. Methods Five commercially available and two freely available online drug information databases were evaluated according to scope (presence or absence of answer, completeness (the comprehensiveness of the answers, and ease of use. Additionally, a composite score integrating all three criteria was utilized. Fifteen weighted categories comprised of 158 questions were used to conduct the analysis. Descriptive statistics and Chi-square were used to summarize the evaluation components and make comparisons between databases. Scheffe's multiple comparison procedure was used to determine statistically different scope and completeness scores. The composite score was subjected to sensitivity analysis to investigate the effect of the choice of percentages for scope and completeness. Results The rankings for the databases from highest to lowest, based on composite scores were Clinical Pharmacology, Micromedex, Lexi-Comp Online, Facts & Comparisons 4.0, Epocrates Online Premium, RxList.com, and Epocrates Online Free. Differences in scope produced three statistical groupings with Group 1 (best performers being: Clinical Pharmacology, Micromedex, Facts & Comparisons 4.0, Lexi-Comp Online, Group 2: Epocrates Premium and RxList.com and Group 3: Epocrates Free (p Conclusion Online drug information databases, which belong to clinical decision support, vary in their ability to answer questions across a range of categories.

  19. The Research and Design of MS SQL Database in Intelligent Buildings%智能楼宇中MS SQL数据库研究及设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高天哲

    2011-01-01

    Intelligent Building Systems is created with the development of building systems, modem computer technology and information technology. It is convenient for daily life and businesses management. In this paper, the design and implementation of information systems based on MS SQL in the intelligent building is researched. First,the intelligent building systems and some knowledge of MS SQL is introduced, then the design and implementation of a database system is studied and a number of optimization meagre,about database system are researched.%智能楼宇系统是建筑系统与现代的计算机技术和信息技术相结合产生的。智能楼宇系统给日常生活和企业带来了便捷的管理方式。本文主要研究了智能楼宇系统中基于MS SQL数据库的信息系统的设计和实现。首先介绍了智能楼宇系统和MSSQL的一些知识。然后研究设计了数据库系统韵实现和数据库的一些优化措施。

  20. The Eruption Forecasting Information System (EFIS) database project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogburn, Sarah; Harpel, Chris; Pesicek, Jeremy; Wellik, Jay; Pallister, John; Wright, Heather

    2016-04-01

    The Eruption Forecasting Information System (EFIS) project is a new initiative of the U.S. Geological Survey-USAID Volcano Disaster Assistance Program (VDAP) with the goal of enhancing VDAP's ability to forecast the outcome of volcanic unrest. The EFIS project seeks to: (1) Move away from relying on the collective memory to probability estimation using databases (2) Create databases useful for pattern recognition and for answering common VDAP questions; e.g. how commonly does unrest lead to eruption? how commonly do phreatic eruptions portend magmatic eruptions and what is the range of antecedence times? (3) Create generic probabilistic event trees using global data for different volcano 'types' (4) Create background, volcano-specific, probabilistic event trees for frequently active or particularly hazardous volcanoes in advance of a crisis (5) Quantify and communicate uncertainty in probabilities A major component of the project is the global EFIS relational database, which contains multiple modules designed to aid in the construction of probabilistic event trees and to answer common questions that arise during volcanic crises. The primary module contains chronologies of volcanic unrest, including the timing of phreatic eruptions, column heights, eruptive products, etc. and will be initially populated using chronicles of eruptive activity from Alaskan volcanic eruptions in the GeoDIVA database (Cameron et al. 2013). This database module allows us to query across other global databases such as the WOVOdat database of monitoring data and the Smithsonian Institution's Global Volcanism Program (GVP) database of eruptive histories and volcano information. The EFIS database is in the early stages of development and population; thus, this contribution also serves as a request for feedback from the community.

  1. Public-Private Sector Passenger Rail Intelligence and Terrorism Information Sharing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-09-01

    surrounding the illegal activities of the Banca Nazionale del Lavoro (BNL) and the Bank of Credit and Commercial International (BCCI) during the early...4 Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, The Intelligence Community’s Involvement in the Banca Nazionale del Lavoro (BNL) Affair (Washington, D.C...with Law Enforcement • Section 905: Disclosure to Director of Central Intelligence of Foreign Intelligence-Related Information with Respect to

  2. Business intelligence key to success in the information age

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helmer Muñoz-Hernández

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to describe and classify in a more concrete way information systems, which are framed in what is properly called as "business intelligence". It begins analyzing each of the basic concepts and theoretical aspects and then detail in shaping transactional systems and the most important strategic systems including their benefits, their modes of use, and its disadvantages; It reflects on some cases actually exposed business globally, and the impact it has had the adoption of information systems in its corporate strategy as a key competitive advantages achieving considerable success. Finally, it concludes by describing the importance that has had the implementation of at least some of these information systems in strategic planning of organizations, especially in Colombia and Latin America.

  3. Intelligent Interfaces for Mining Large-Scale RNAi-HCS Image Databases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Chen; Mak, Wayne; Hong, Pengyu; Sepp, Katharine; Perrimon, Norbert

    2007-11-05

    Recently, High-content screening (HCS) has been combined with RNA interference (RNAi) to become an essential image-based high-throughput method for studying genes and biological networks through RNAi-induced cellular phenotype analyses. However, a genome-wide RNAi-HCS screen typically generates tens of thousands of images, most of which remain uncategorized due to the inadequacies of existing HCS image analysis tools. Until now, it still requires highly trained scientists to browse a prohibitively large RNAi-HCS image database and produce only a handful of qualitative results regarding cellular morphological phenotypes. For this reason we have developed intelligent interfaces to facilitate the application of the HCS technology in biomedical research. Our new interfaces empower biologists with computational power not only to effectively and efficiently explore large-scale RNAi-HCS image databases, but also to apply their knowledge and experience to interactive mining of cellular phenotypes using Content-Based Image Retrieval (CBIR) with Relevance Feedback (RF) techniques.

  4. Instrument Cluster Driver Information Display Database and Viewer Tool

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adnan Shaout

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Instrument Clusters have grown increasingly complex in the last decade to include multi-character displays as standard features. Automotive Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs all too often leave the types of messages displayed in their Instrument Cluster’s up to the component suppliers, this accounts for huge overhead costs in software design, text string translations, validation, and maintenance. This paper presents a design of a database for an Automotive OEM’s Instrument Cluster Driver Information Display as well as a tool for viewing the database and validation. This paper focuses on allowing an OEM to design its own database in house using inexpensive tooling to avoid the costly overhead of having a component supplier design the database in addition to designing the software to run the Instrument Cluster.

  5. THE NECESSITY OF INFORMATION QUALITY FOR EFFECTIVE BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P.J. Conradie

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available

    ENGLISH ABSTRACT: Data quality, or rather the lack thereof, has been the downfall of many Data warehousing (DW / Business Intelligence (BI projects. The concept of Information Quality (IQ has become increasingly important as the popularity of Business Intelligence (BI increases. Industrial engineers have played a key role in the development and implementation of Total Quality Management (TQM principles that are widely used in the manufacturing environment. In the information era, industrial engineers can apply the same principles to data. This article aims to identify strategies and processes to improve IQ that will eventually lead to data warehouses with complete, accurate and timely data that consistently meets the requirements of knowledge workers in their quest to make improved business decisions.

    AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Die gebrek aan datakwaliteit het al menige Databergings- en Besigheidsintelligensieprojekte laat sneuwel. Die konsep van Inligtingskwaliteit word al meer prominent soos die gewildheid van Besigheidsintelligensie toeneem. Bedryfsingenieurs het reeds ‘n sleutelrol gespeel in die ontwikkeling en implementering van Totale Kwaliteitsbestuurbeginsels wat algemeen in die vervaardigingsomgewing gebruik word. In die inligtingsera kan bedryfsingenieurs dieselfde beginsels ook op data toepas. Hierdie artikel identifiseer strategieë en prosesse om inligtingskwaliteit te verbeter wat uiteindelik behoort te lei tot datastore met volledige en akkurate data wat betyds en konsekwent aan kenniswerkers se behoeftes voldoen en hulle instaat stel om beter besigheidsbesluite te neem.

  6. Warfighter information services: lessons learned in the intelligence domain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bray, S. E.

    2014-05-01

    A vision was presented in a previous paper of how a common set of services within a framework could be used to provide all the information processing needs of Warfighters. Central to that vision was the concept of a "Virtual Knowledge Base". The paper presents an implementation of these ideas in the intelligence domain. Several innovative technologies were employed in the solution, which are presented and their benefits explained. The project was successful, validating many of the design principles for such a system which had been proposed in earlier work. Many of these principles are discussed in detail, explaining lessons learned. The results showed that it is possible to make vast improvements in the ability to exploit available data, making it discoverable and queryable wherever it is from anywhere within a participating network; and to exploit machine reasoning to make faster and better inferences from available data, enabling human analysts to spend more of their time doing more difficult analytical tasks rather than searching for relevant data. It was also demonstrated that a small number of generic Information Processing services can be combined and configured in a variety of ways (without changing any software code) to create "fact-processing" workflows, in this case to create different intelligence analysis capabilities. It is yet to be demonstrated that the same generic services can be reused to create analytical/situational awareness capabilities for logistics, operations, planning or other military functions but this is considered likely.

  7. Intelligent information system for waste management; Jaetehuollon aelykaes tietojaerjestelmae

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nuortio, T. [Kuopio Univ. (Finland)

    2005-07-01

    'iWaste - Intelligent Information System for Waste Management' - was a joint project of the University of Kuopio and the Tampere University of Technology. The main objective of the project was to improve the management and use of waste management data. Also the project focused on the development of information management systems. The results of the project are numerous. A study of the present state of information management in the field of waste management was carried out. The studied aspects were for example information needs of different actors and their requirements for the information quality, communication requirements among different actors, and the characteristics and applications of the software products. The conceptual data model of waste management was developed and resulted as the hyper document for connecting waste and information management specialists, and for research and educational purposes. Also, this model can be used for the development of political regulation. Methodologies and models for processing data into information for decision making were developed. The methodologies and models include e.g. data mining techniques, prediction of waste generation and optimisation of waste pick-up and transport. (orig.)

  8. Information Security Risk Management: An Intelligence-Driven Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeb Webb

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Three deficiencies exist in the organisational practice of information security risk management: risk assessments are commonly perfunctory, security risks are estimated without investigation; risk is assessed on an occasional (as opposed to continuous basis. These tendencies indicate that important data is being missed and that the situation awareness of decision-makers in many organisations is currently inadequate. This research-in-progress paper uses Endsley's situation awareness theory, and examines how the structure and functions of the US national security intelligence enterprise—a revelatory case of enterprise situation awareness development in security and risk management—correspond with Endsley’s theoretical model, and how facets of the US enterprise might be adapted to improve situation awareness in the information security risk management process of organisations.

  9. AQSIQ Builds an Import & Export Commodity Inspection & Quarantine Information Database

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ To comprehensively strengthen the quality of work and ensure the safe processing of import and export commodities, the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of China (AQSIQ) recently initiated the establishment of a China import and export commodity inspection and quarantine information database.

  10. Incomplete Intelligence: Is the Information Sharing Environment an Effective Platform?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-01

    these measures (spoiler: it fails). The ISE is evaluated using a Business Intelligence maturity 6 model, in which it scores at the low end of both the...2015: A Globally Networked and Integrated Intelligence Enterprise, 2008, p. 9). The use of business intelligence in the commercial arena, including...the world with a distinct set of biases. The use of business intelligence and Big Data across numerous sectors is described. Reference models for

  11. The Role of Information and Communication Technology in Competitive Intelligence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vriens, D.J.

    2004-01-01

    This chapter discusses the role of ICT for competitive intelligence activities. To this end, it starts with an introduction to competitive intelligence. Next, it discusses possible uses of ICT for intelligence activities. In this discussion attention is paid to the use of the Internet, to general pu

  12. Science and Information Conference 2013 : Intelligent Systems for Science and Information

    CERN Document Server

    Kapoor, Supriya; Bhatia, Rahul

    2014-01-01

    The book Intelligent Systems for Science and Information is the remarkable collection of extended chapters from the selected papers that were published in the proceedings of Science and Information (SAI) Conference 2013. It contains twenty-four chapters in the field of Intelligent Systems, which received highly recommended feedback during SAI Conference 2013 review process. All chapters have gone through substantial extension and consolidation and were subject to another round of rigorous review and additional modification. These chapters represent the state of the art of the cutting-edge research and technologies in related areas, and can help inform relevant research communities and individuals of the future development in Science and Information.    

  13. Database of Legal Terms for Communicative and Knowledge Information Tools

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Sandro

    2014-01-01

    foundations of online dictionaries in light of the technical options available for online information tools combined with modern lexicographic principles. The above discussion indicates that the legal database is a repository of structured data serving online dictionaries that search for data in databases......, retrieve the relevant data, and present them to users in predetermined ways. Lawyers, students and translators can thus access the data through targeted searches relating directly to the problems they need to solve, because search engines are designed according to dictionary functions, i.e. the type...

  14. Increasing consumerism in healthcare through intelligent information technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Seth B; Grote, Kurt D; Pietraszek, Wayne E; Laflamme, Francois

    2010-12-01

    In healthcare, consumerism is not a product or program. Instead, it is an orientation to new care delivery models that encourage and enable greater patient responsibility through the intelligent use of information technology. Despite the promise of consumerism, current approaches have not fully realized the potential benefits of improved outcomes and lower cost. We recommend 4 guiding principles to ensure that next-generation innovation yields the returns that providers, patients, and other stakeholders expect: (1) keep the consumer at the center of innovation, (2) keep it simple, (3) link products and services to a broader "ecosystem" of care, and (4) encourage health in addition to treating illness. Now may be a particularly compelling time to invest in a consumerist approach.

  15. Intelligent Information Dissemination Scheme for Urban Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jinsheng Yang

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs, a hotspot, such as a parking lot, is an information source and will receive inquiries from many vehicles for seeking any possible free parking space. According to the routing protocols in literature, each of the vehicles needs to flood its route discovery (RD packets to discover a route to the hotspot before sending inquiring packets to the parking lot. As a result, the VANET nearby an urban area or city center may incur the problem of broadcast storm due to so many flooding RD packets during rush hours. To avoid the broadcast storm problem, this paper presents a hotspot-enabled routing-tree based data forwarding method, called the intelligent information dissemination scheme (IID. Our method can let the hotspot automatically decide when to build the routing-tree for proactive information transmissions under the condition that the number of vehicle routing discoveries during a given period exceeds a certain threshold which is calculated through our developed analytical packet delivery model. The routing information will be dynamically maintained by vehicles located at each intersection near the hotspot if the maintaining cost is less than that of allowing vehicles to discover routes themselves. Simulation results show that this method can minimize routing delays for vehicles with lower packets delivery overheads.

  16. INTELLIGENT INFORMATION RETRIEVAL WITHIN DIGITAL LIBRARY USING DOMAIN ONTOLOGY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thinn Mya Mya Swe

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available A digital library is a type of information retrieval (IR system. The existing information retrieval methodologies generally have problems on keyword-searching. We proposed a model to solve the problem by using concept-based approach (ontology and metadata case base. This model consists of identifying domain concepts in user’s query and applying expansion to them. The system aims at contributing to an improved relevance of results retrieved from digital libraries by proposing a conceptual query expansion for intelligent concept-based retrieval. We need to import the concept of ontology, making use of its advantage of abundant semantics and standard concept. Domain specific ontology can be used to improve information retrieval from traditional level based on keyword to the lay based on knowledge (or concept and change the process of retrieval from traditional keyword matching to semantics matching. One approach is query expansion techniques using domain ontology and the other would be introducing a case based similarity measure for metadata information retrieval using Case Based Reasoning (CBR approach. Results show improvements over classic method, query expansion using general purpose ontology and a number of other approaches.

  17. Database Resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-01-01

    The National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) provides a large suite of online resources for biological information and data, including the GenBank® nucleic acid sequence database and the PubMed database of citations and abstracts for published life science journals. The Entrez system provides search and retrieval operations for most of these data from 37 distinct databases. The E-utilities serve as the programming interface for the Entrez system. Augmenting many of the Web applications are custom implementations of the BLAST program optimized to search specialized data sets. New resources released in the past year include iCn3D, MutaBind, and the Antimicrobial Resistance Gene Reference Database; and resources that were updated in the past year include My Bibliography, SciENcv, the Pathogen Detection Project, Assembly, Genome, the Genome Data Viewer, BLAST and PubChem. All of these resources can be accessed through the NCBI home page at www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. PMID:27899561

  18. INFORMATION ARCHITECTURE ANALYSIS USING BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE TOOLS BASED ON THE INFORMATION NEEDS OF EXECUTIVES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabricio Sobrosa Affeldt

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Devising an information architecture system that enables an organization to centralize information regarding its operational, managerial and strategic performance is one of the challenges currently facing information technology. The present study aimed to analyze an information architecture system developed using Business Intelligence (BI technology. The analysis was performed based on a questionnaire enquiring as to whether the information needs of executives were met during the process. A theoretical framework was applied consisting of information architecture and BI technology, using a case study methodology. Results indicated that the transaction processing systems studied did not meet the information needs of company executives. Information architecture using data warehousing, online analytical processing (OLAP tools and data mining may provide a more agile means of meeting these needs. However, some items must be included and others modified, in addition to improving the culture of information use by company executives.

  19. EIIS: An Educational Information Intelligent Search Engine Supported by Semantic Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Chang-Qin; Duan, Ru-Lin; Tang, Yong; Zhu, Zhi-Ting; Yan, Yong-Jian; Guo, Yu-Qing

    2011-01-01

    The semantic web brings a new opportunity for efficient information organization and search. To meet the special requirements of the educational field, this paper proposes an intelligent search engine enabled by educational semantic support service, where three kinds of searches are integrated into Educational Information Intelligent Search (EIIS)…

  20. Metrics for Service Availability and Service Reliability in Service-oriented Intelligence Information System,

    OpenAIRE

    Ackoski, Jugoslav; Trajkovik, Vladimir

    2012-01-01

    Intelligence Information System (IIS) proposed in this paper is based on service-oriented architecture. This paper gives contribution in definition of metrics for service reliability and service availability in terms of their usage by the end-user. Developed metrics for services have significant meaning for service-oriented Intelligence Information System.

  1. Metrics for Service Availability and Service Reliability in Service-oriented Intelligence Information System,

    OpenAIRE

    Ackoski, Jugoslav; Trajkovik, Vladimir

    2012-01-01

    Intelligence Information System (IIS) proposed in this paper is based on service-oriented architecture. This paper gives contribution in definition of metrics for service reliability and service availability in terms of their usage by the end-user. Developed metrics for services have significant meaning for service-oriented Intelligence Information System.

  2. Research of information classification and strategy intelligence extract algorithm based on military strategy hall

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Lei; Li, Dehua; Yang, Jie

    2007-12-01

    Constructing virtual international strategy environment needs many kinds of information, such as economy, politic, military, diploma, culture, science, etc. So it is very important to build an information auto-extract, classification, recombination and analysis management system with high efficiency as the foundation and component of military strategy hall. This paper firstly use improved Boost algorithm to classify obtained initial information, then use a strategy intelligence extract algorithm to extract strategy intelligence from initial information to help strategist to analysis information.

  3. Large-scale Health Information Database and Privacy Protection*1

    Science.gov (United States)

    YAMAMOTO, Ryuichi

    2016-01-01

    Japan was once progressive in the digitalization of healthcare fields but unfortunately has fallen behind in terms of the secondary use of data for public interest. There has recently been a trend to establish large-scale health databases in the nation, and a conflict between data use for public interest and privacy protection has surfaced as this trend has progressed. Databases for health insurance claims or for specific health checkups and guidance services were created according to the law that aims to ensure healthcare for the elderly; however, there is no mention in the act about using these databases for public interest in general. Thus, an initiative for such use must proceed carefully and attentively. The PMDA*2 projects that collect a large amount of medical record information from large hospitals and the health database development project that the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (MHLW) is working on will soon begin to operate according to a general consensus; however, the validity of this consensus can be questioned if issues of anonymity arise. The likelihood that researchers conducting a study for public interest would intentionally invade the privacy of their subjects is slim. However, patients could develop a sense of distrust about their data being used since legal requirements are ambiguous. Nevertheless, without using patients’ medical records for public interest, progress in medicine will grind to a halt. Proper legislation that is clear for both researchers and patients will therefore be highly desirable. A revision of the Act on the Protection of Personal Information is currently in progress. In reality, however, privacy is not something that laws alone can protect; it will also require guidelines and self-discipline. We now live in an information capitalization age. I will introduce the trends in legal reform regarding healthcare information and discuss some basics to help people properly face the issue of health big data and privacy

  4. Large-scale Health Information Database and Privacy Protection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamamoto, Ryuichi

    2016-09-01

    Japan was once progressive in the digitalization of healthcare fields but unfortunately has fallen behind in terms of the secondary use of data for public interest. There has recently been a trend to establish large-scale health databases in the nation, and a conflict between data use for public interest and privacy protection has surfaced as this trend has progressed. Databases for health insurance claims or for specific health checkups and guidance services were created according to the law that aims to ensure healthcare for the elderly; however, there is no mention in the act about using these databases for public interest in general. Thus, an initiative for such use must proceed carefully and attentively. The PMDA projects that collect a large amount of medical record information from large hospitals and the health database development project that the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (MHLW) is working on will soon begin to operate according to a general consensus; however, the validity of this consensus can be questioned if issues of anonymity arise. The likelihood that researchers conducting a study for public interest would intentionally invade the privacy of their subjects is slim. However, patients could develop a sense of distrust about their data being used since legal requirements are ambiguous. Nevertheless, without using patients' medical records for public interest, progress in medicine will grind to a halt. Proper legislation that is clear for both researchers and patients will therefore be highly desirable. A revision of the Act on the Protection of Personal Information is currently in progress. In reality, however, privacy is not something that laws alone can protect; it will also require guidelines and self-discipline. We now live in an information capitalization age. I will introduce the trends in legal reform regarding healthcare information and discuss some basics to help people properly face the issue of health big data and privacy

  5. The eNanoMapper database for nanomaterial safety information

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nina Jeliazkova

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: The NanoSafety Cluster, a cluster of projects funded by the European Commision, identified the need for a computational infrastructure for toxicological data management of engineered nanomaterials (ENMs. Ontologies, open standards, and interoperable designs were envisioned to empower a harmonized approach to European research in nanotechnology. This setting provides a number of opportunities and challenges in the representation of nanomaterials data and the integration of ENM information originating from diverse systems. Within this cluster, eNanoMapper works towards supporting the collaborative safety assessment for ENMs by creating a modular and extensible infrastructure for data sharing, data analysis, and building computational toxicology models for ENMs.Results: The eNanoMapper database solution builds on the previous experience of the consortium partners in supporting diverse data through flexible data storage, open source components and web services. We have recently described the design of the eNanoMapper prototype database along with a summary of challenges in the representation of ENM data and an extensive review of existing nano-related data models, databases, and nanomaterials-related entries in chemical and toxicogenomic databases. This paper continues with a focus on the database functionality exposed through its application programming interface (API, and its use in visualisation and modelling. Considering the preferred community practice of using spreadsheet templates, we developed a configurable spreadsheet parser facilitating user friendly data preparation and data upload. We further present a web application able to retrieve the experimental data via the API and analyze it with multiple data preprocessing and machine learning algorithms.Conclusion: We demonstrate how the eNanoMapper database is used to import and publish online ENM and assay data from several data sources, how the “representational state

  6. TOMATOMICS: A Web Database for Integrated Omics Information in Tomato

    KAUST Repository

    Kudo, Toru

    2016-11-29

    Solanum lycopersicum (tomato) is an important agronomic crop and a major model fruit-producing plant. To facilitate basic and applied research, comprehensive experimental resources and omics information on tomato are available following their development. Mutant lines and cDNA clones from a dwarf cultivar, Micro-Tom, are two of these genetic resources. Large-scale sequencing data for ESTs and full-length cDNAs from Micro-Tom continue to be gathered. In conjunction with information on the reference genome sequence of another cultivar, Heinz 1706, the Micro-Tom experimental resources have facilitated comprehensive functional analyses. To enhance the efficiency of acquiring omics information for tomato biology, we have integrated the information on the Micro-Tom experimental resources and the Heinz 1706 genome sequence. We have also inferred gene structure by comparison of sequences between the genome of Heinz 1706 and the transcriptome, which are comprised of Micro-Tom full-length cDNAs and Heinz 1706 RNA-seq data stored in the KaFTom and Sequence Read Archive databases. In order to provide large-scale omics information with streamlined connectivity we have developed and maintain a web database TOMATOMICS (http://bioinf.mind.meiji.ac.jp/tomatomics/). In TOMATOMICS, access to the information on the cDNA clone resources, full-length mRNA sequences, gene structures, expression profiles and functional annotations of genes is available through search functions and the genome browser, which has an intuitive graphical interface.

  7. Competitive Intelligence Analysis of Augmented Reality Technology Using Patent Information

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Byeongki Jeong; Janghyeok Yoon

    2017-01-01

    .... Despite the growing attraction of augmented reality, trend analyses in this emerging technology have relied on qualitative literature review, failing to provide comprehensive competitive intelligence...

  8. IQARIS : a tool for the intelligent querying, analysis, and retrieval from information systems.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hummel, J. R.; Silver, R. B.

    2002-04-26

    Information glut is one of the primary characteristics of the electronic age. Managing such large volumes of information (e.g., keeping track of the types, where they are, their relationships, who controls them, etc.) can be done efficiently with an intelligent, user-oriented information management system. The purpose of this paper is to describe a concept for managing information resources based on an intelligent information technology system developed by the Argonne National Laboratory for managing digital libraries. The Argonne system, Intelligent Query (IQ), enables users to query digital libraries and view the holdings that match the query from different perspectives.

  9. MPOD: A Material Property Open Database linked to structural information

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pepponi, Giancarlo; Gražulis, Saulius; Chateigner, Daniel

    2012-08-01

    Inspired by the Crystallography Open Database (COD), the Material Properties Open Database (MPOD) was given birth. MPOD aims at collecting and making publicly available at no charge tensorial properties (including scalar properties) of phases and linking such properties to structural information of the COD when available. MPOD files are written with the STAR file syntax, used and developed for the Crystallographic Information Files. A dictionary containing new definitions has been written according to the Dictionary Definition Language 1, although some tricks were adopted to allow for multiple entries still avoiding ambiguousness. The initial set includes mechanical properties, elastic stiffness and compliance, internal friction; electrical properties, resistivity, dielectric permittivity and stiffness, thermodynamic properties, heat capacity, thermal conductivity, diffusivity and expansion; electromechanical properties, piezoelectricity, electrostriction, electromechanical coupling; optical properties; piezooptic and photoelastic properties; superconducting properties, critical fields, penetration and coherence lengths. Properties are reported in MPOD files where the original published paper containing the data is cited and structural and experimental information is also given. One MPOD file contains information relative to only one publication and one phase. The files and the information contained therein can also be consulted on-line at http://www.materialproperties.org.

  10. Processing of remote sensing information in cooperative intelligent grid environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Jie; Ma, Hongchao; Zhong, Liang

    2008-12-01

    In order to raise the intelligent level and improve cooperative ability of grid. This paper proposes an agent oriented middleware, which is applied to the traditional OGSA architecture to compose a new architecture named CIG (Cooperative Intelligent Grid) and expounds the types of cooperative processing of remote sensing, the architecture of CIG and how to implement the cooperation in the CIG environment.

  11. Intelligent Information System for Waste Management; Jaetehuollon aelykaes tietojaerjestelmae - iWaste

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mustonen, T. [Kuopio Univ. (Finland); Isoaho, S. [Tampere Univ. (Finland)

    2004-07-01

    ''Waste'' - Intelligent Information System for Waste Management - is a joint project of the University of Kuopio and the Tampere University of Technology. The main objective of the project is to create a basis for more comprehensive utilisation and management of waste management data and for the development of database management systems. The results of the project are numerous. A study of the present state of data management in the field of waste management was carried out. The studied aspects were for example information needs of different actors and their requirements for the information quality, interfaces for information exchange between different actors, and the characteristics of the software products. During the second phase of the project, a hyper document describing waste management systems, and a software application for describing material flows and their management will be finalized. Also methodologies and practices for processing data into information, which is needed in the decision making process, will be developed. The developed methodologies include e.g. data mining techniques, and the practices include e.g. the prediction of waste generation and optimisation of waste collection and transport. (orig.)

  12. Intelligent Management System of Power Network Information Collection Under Big Data Storage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qin Yingying

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available With the development of economy and society, big data storage in enterprise management has become a problem that can’t be ignored. How to manage and optimize the allocation of tasks better is an important factor in the sustainable development of an enterprise. Now the enterprise information intelligent management has become a hot spot of management mode and concept in the information age. It presents information to the business managers in a more efficient, lower cost, and global form. The system uses the SG-UAP development tools, which is based on Eclipse development environment, and suits for Windows operating system, with Oracle as database development platform, Tomcat network information service for application server. The system uses SOA service-oriented architecture, provides RESTful style service, and HTTP(S as the communication protocol, and JSON as the data format. The system is divided into two parts, the front-end and the backs-end, achieved functions like user login, registration, password retrieving, enterprise internal personnel information management and internal data display and other functions.

  13. 基于Web的信息智能获取方法%Study on Web-based Intelligent Information Retrieval

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭岩; 涂序彦

    2003-01-01

    The increasing stream of Web information available makes it ever more desirable of network users to retrieval interesting intormation efficiently. Obviously, AI can be made a good use in the information retrieval area. In this paper, the Intelligent Search Engine, Intelligent Browser, Intelligent Agent and lntelhgent Information Push are introduced. Then the related key techniques are presented. At last, a framework of Intelligent Information Push System is discussed.

  14. Intelligence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sternberg, Robert J

    2012-03-01

    Intelligence is the ability to learn from experience and to adapt to, shape, and select environments. Intelligence as measured by (raw scores on) conventional standardized tests varies across the lifespan, and also across generations. Intelligence can be understood in part in terms of the biology of the brain-especially with regard to the functioning in the prefrontal cortex-and also correlates with brain size, at least within humans. Studies of the effects of genes and environment suggest that the heritability coefficient (ratio of genetic to phenotypic variation) is between .4 and .8, although heritability varies as a function of socioeconomic status and other factors. Racial differences in measured intelligence have been observed, but race is a socially constructed rather than biological variable, so such differences are difficult to interpret.

  15. 1st International Scientific Conference on Intelligent Information Technologies for Industry

    CERN Document Server

    Kovalev, Sergey; Tarassov, Valery; Snášel, Václav

    2016-01-01

    This volume of Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing contains papers presented in the main track of IITI 2016, the First International Conference on Intelligent Information Technologies for Industry held in May 16-21 in Sochi, Russia. The conference was jointly co-organized by Rostov State Transport University (Russia) and VŠB – Technical University of Ostrava (Czech Republic) with the participation of Russian Association for Artificial Intelligence (RAAI) and Russian Association for Fuzzy Systems and Soft Computing (RAFSSC). The volume is devoted to practical models and industrial applications related to intelligent information systems. The conference has been a meeting point for researchers and practitioners to enable the implementation of advanced information technologies into various industries. Nevertheless, some theoretical talks concerning the-state-of-the-art in intelligent systems and soft computing are included in the proceedings as well.

  16. Cybernetics & Information and Intelligence%控制论与信息情报

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李升

    2001-01-01

    This paper analyzes the concept of intelligence by use of the principles of cybernetics, and proves that intelligence is the well-organized systematic information which has undergone strict qualitative and quantitative processing. It is the basis for the policy-making body or policy-maker to make a strategic decision.

  17. A Study of Security Awareness Information Delivery within the Defense Intelligence Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krasley, Paul F.

    2011-01-01

    Due to limited resources and inconsistent guidance from the U.S. Federal Government, Department of Defense, and multiple environments within the intelligence community, the defense intelligence agencies each developed their own methods to deliver security awareness information. These multiple delivery methods may be providing different levels of…

  18. Intelligent Information Retrieval: Diagnosing Information Need. Part II. Uncertainty Expansion in a Prototype of a Diagnostic IR Tool.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cole, Charles; Cantero, Pablo; Sauve, Diane

    1998-01-01

    Outlines a prototype of an intelligent information-retrieval tool to facilitate information access for an undergraduate seeking information for a term paper. Topics include diagnosing the information need, Kuhlthau's information-search-process model, Shannon's mathematical theory of communication, and principles of uncertainty expansion and…

  19. Knowledge base technology for CT-DIMS: Report 1. [CT-DIMS (Cutting Tool - Database and Information Management System)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kelley, E.E.

    1993-05-01

    This report discusses progress on the Cutting Tool-Database and Information Management System (CT-DIMS) project being conducted by the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign (UIUC) under contract to the Department of Energy. This project was initiated in October 1991 by UIUC. The Knowledge-Based Engineering Systems Research Laboratory (KBESRL) at UIUC is developing knowledge base technology and prototype software for the presentation and manipulation of the cutting tool databases at Allied-Signal Inc., Kansas City Division (KCD). The graphical tool selection capability being developed for CT-DIMS in the Intelligent Design Environment for Engineering Automation (IDEEA) will provide a concurrent environment for simultaneous access to tool databases, tool standard libraries, and cutting tool knowledge.

  20. Exceptional knowledge discovery in databases based on information theory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suzuki, Einoshin [Yokohama National Univ. (Japan); Shimura, Masamichi [Tokyo Inst. of Technology (Japan)

    1996-12-31

    This paper presents an algorithm for discovering exceptional knowledge from databases. Exceptional knowledge, which is defined as an exception to a general fact, exhibits unexpectedness and is sometimes extremely useful in spite of its obscurity. Previous discovery approaches for this type of knowledge employ either background knowledge or domain-specific criteria for evaluating the possible usefulness, i.e. the interestingness of the knowledge extracted from a database. It has been pointed out, however, that these approaches are prone to overlook useful knowledge. In order to circumvent these difficulties, we propose an information-theoretic approach in which we obtain exceptional knowledge associated with general knowledge in the form of a rule pair using a depth-first search method. The product of the ACEs (Average Compressed Entropies) of the rule pair is introduced as the criterion for evaluating the interestingness of exceptional knowledge. The inefficiency of depth-first search is alleviated by a branch-and-bound method, which exploits the upper-bound for the product of the ACEs. MEPRO, which is a knowledge discovery system based on our approach, has been validated using the benchmark databases in the machine learning community.

  1. A dangerous cocktail: databases, information techniques and lack of visions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tarp, Sven

    2017-01-01

    fully to the new technologies and get rid of old habits and ways of thinking. The article provides some examples of how the current challenges can be approached in terms of databases, user interfaces and other tools and techniques to assist the compilation and presentation of online dictionaries......This contribution discusses challenges to lexicography created by the new computer, information and communication technologies and techniques. It argues that the current transition period is full of paradoxes and that the main problem seems to be the subjective factor, i.e. the ability to adapt...

  2. Intelligence Gathering, Competitive Intelligence e Intelligence Analysis: contribuição de Tecnologias Informáticas em meio empresarial

    OpenAIRE

    Lopes, Pedro Filipe Cardoso

    2015-01-01

    Esta Dissertação de Mestrado aborda a importância de conceitos como“Intelligence Gathering”,“Competitive Intelligence” e“Intelligence Analysis” no meio empresarial e também o valor das Tecnologias Informáticas no domínio da optimização da implementação de estratégias competitivas, tendo a inovação e a reengenharia de processos como áreas de suporte do sucesso. A Inteligência será abordada em diferentes vertentes, tendo em co...

  3. Advances in intelligent process-aware information systems concepts, methods, and technologies

    CERN Document Server

    Oberhauser, Roy; Reichert, Manfred

    2017-01-01

    This book provides a state-of-the-art perspective on intelligent process-aware information systems and presents chapters on specific facets and approaches applicable to such systems. Further, it highlights novel advances and developments in various aspects of intelligent process-aware information systems and business process management systems. Intelligence capabilities are increasingly being integrated into or created in many of today’s software products and services. Process-aware information systems provide critical computing infrastructure to support the various processes involved in the creation and delivery of business products and services. Yet the integration of intelligence capabilities into process-aware information systems is a non-trivial yet necessary evolution of these complex systems. The book’s individual chapters address adaptive process management, case management processes, autonomically-capable processes, process-oriented information logistics, process recommendations, reasoning over ...

  4. Proceedings of the International Conference on Information Systems Design and Intelligent Applications 2012

    CERN Document Server

    Avadhani, P; Abraham, Ajith

    2012-01-01

    This volume contains the papers presented at INDIA-2012: International conference on  Information system Design and Intelligent Applications held on January 5-7, 2012 in Vishakhapatnam, India. This conference was organized by Computer Society of India (CSI), Vishakhapatnam chapter well supported by Vishakhapatnam Steel, RINL, Govt of India. It contains 108 papers contributed by authors from six different countries across four continents. These research papers mainly focused on intelligent applications and various system design issues. The papers cover a wide range of topics of computer science and information technology discipline ranging from image processing, data base application, data mining, grid and cloud computing, bioinformatics among many others. The various intelligent tools like swarm intelligence, artificial intelligence, evolutionary algorithms, bio-inspired algorithms have been applied in different papers for solving various challenging IT related problems.

  5. A Novel Database Design for Student Information System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noraziah Ahmad

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: A new system designed, where necessary and alternative solutions given to solve the different problems and the most feasible solution were selected. Approach: This study presents the database design for student information system. Computerization of a system means to change it from a manual to a computer-based, system to automate the work and to provide efficiency, accuracy, timelessness, security and economy. Results: After undertaking an in-depth examination of the Ayub Medical Collage's (AMC existing manual student information system and analyzing its short comings, it has been found necessary to remove its deficiencies and provide a suitable solution for presently encountered problem. Conclusion: The proposed algorithm can help the management to exercise an effective and timely decision making.

  6. An Approach to Mine Textual Information From Pubmed Database

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G Charles Babu

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The web has greatly improved access to scientific literature. A wide spectrum of research data has been created and collected by researchers. However, textual information on the web are largely disorganized, with research articles being spread across archive sites, institution sites, journal sites and researcher homepages. Data was widely available over internet and many kinds of data pose the current challenge in storage and retrieval. Datasets can be made more accessible and user-friendly through annotation, aggregation, cross-linking to other datasets. Biomedical datasets are growing exponentially and new curative information appears regularly in research publications such as MedLine, PubMed, Science Direct etc. Therefore, a context based text mining was developed using python language to search huge database such as PubMed based on a given keyword which retrieves data between specified years.

  7. Building an Intelligent Water Information System - American River Prototype

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glaser, S. D.; Bales, R. C.; Conklin, M. H.

    2013-12-01

    With better management, California's existing water supplies could go further to meeting the needs of the state's urban and agricultural uses. For example, California's water reservoirs are currently controlled and regulated using forecasts based upon more than 75 years of historical data. In the face of global climate change, these forecasts are becoming increasingly inadequate to precisely manage water resources. We propose implementing Leveraging the newest frontiers of information technology, we are developing a basin-scale real-time intelligent water infrastructure system that enables more information-intensive decision support. The complete system is made up of four key components. First, a strategically deployed ground-observation system will complement satellite measurements and provide continuous and accurate estimates of snowpack, soil moisture, vegetation state and energy balance across watersheds. Using our recently developed but mature technologies, we deliver measurements of hydrologic variables over a multi- tiered network of wireless sensor arrays, with a granularity of time and space previously unheard of. Second, satellite and aircraft remote sensing provide the only practical means of spatially continuous basin-wide measurement and monitoring of snow properties, vegetation characteristics and other watershed conditions. The ground-based system is designed to blend with remote sensing data on Sierra Nevada snow properties, and provide value-added products of unprecedented spatial detail and accuracy that are useable on a watershed level. Third, together the satellite and ground-based data make possible the updating of forecast tools, and routine use of physically based hydrologic models. The decision-support framework will provide tools to extract and visualize information of interest from the measured and modeled data, to assess uncertainties, and to optimize operations. Fourth, the advanced cyber infrastructure blends and transforms the numbers

  8. Proceedings of the 2012 International Conference on Information Technology and Software Engineering : Information Technology & Computing Intelligence

    CERN Document Server

    Cai, Guoqiang; Liu, Weibin; Xing, Weiwei

    2013-01-01

    Proceedings of the 2012 International Conference on Information Technology and Software Engineering presents selected articles from this major event, which was held in Beijing, December 8-10, 2012. This book presents the latest research trends, methods and experimental results in the fields of information technology and software engineering, covering various state-of-the-art research theories and approaches. The subjects range from intelligent computing to information processing, software engineering, Web, unified modeling language (UML), multimedia, communication technologies, system identification, graphics and visualizing, etc. The proceedings provide a major interdisciplinary forum for researchers and engineers to present the most innovative studies and advances, which can serve as an excellent reference work for researchers and graduate students working on information technology and software engineering. Prof. Wei Lu, Dr. Guoqiang Cai, Prof. Weibin Liu and Dr. Weiwei Xing all work at Beijing Jiaotong Uni...

  9. Online Sources of Competitive Intelligence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wagers, Robert

    1986-01-01

    Presents an approach to using online sources of information for competitor intelligence (i.e., monitoring industry and tracking activities of competitors); identifies principal sources; and suggests some ways of making use of online databases. Types and sources of information and sources and database charts are appended. Eight references are…

  10. Web databases as new dimensions of information and knowledge management

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tanase, A. [Center for Nuclear Safety in Central and Eastern European Countries, Bajkalska 27, 827 21 Bratislava 212 (Slovakia)

    2003-07-01

    The enlargement process of the European Union opened new perspectives and opportunities for co-operation between European countries. In this new context, nuclear safety has become more and more a regional than a country specific issue. The nuclear regulatory authorities play a crucial role in assurance of an acceptable level of nuclear safety. In order to cope better with the challenges arisen nowadays, enhancement of the efficiency and effectiveness of Nuclear Regulatory Authority requires deep focus on the development of effective communication, as well as on strengthening of their technical capabilities. The rapid evolution of modern and effective electronic communication systems (Internet) created the suitable conditions for development of web databases containing easily accessible and well structured information. These aspects were taken into consideration in elaboration of the CENS strategic Programme C - Information management; the Regulatory Decision Database (RDDB) is one of the project developed under this programme. The RDDB was designed to store the decisions taken by Nuclear Regulatory Authorities and other State authorities, mainly from Central and Eastern European countries, in the general area of nuclear and radiation safety. The decisions issued by Nuclear Regulatory Authorities were chosen for: - understanding the decision making process; - reflecting general and particular approaches to the application of rules, standards and guidelines; - networking of regulatory information; - being a source of harmonization of best regulatory practices and regulations. It has as objectives to increase the effectiveness and efficiency of regulatory decision making process and to improve the exchange of experience and communications among Nuclear Regulatory Authorities. The following features and benefits are underlined: - user friendliness; - quick response; - secure access and verification; - possibility of downloading; - flexibility; - suitable processing and

  11. TIDBIT - the INEL database of BNCT information and treatment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mancuso, C.A.

    1995-11-01

    The INEL Database of BNCT Information and Treatment (TIDBIT) has been under development for several years. Late in 1993, a new software development team took over the project and did and assessment of the current implementation status, and determined that the user interface was unsatisfactory for the expected users and that the data structures were out of step with the current state of reality. The team evaluated several tools that would improve the user interface to make the system easier to use. Uniface turned out to be the product of choice. During 1994, TIDBIT got its name, underwent a complete change of appearance, had a major overhaul to the data structures that support the application, and system documentation was begun. A prototype of the system was demonstrated in September 1994.

  12. Evaluation of Database Modeling Methods for Geographic Information Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thanasis Hadzilacos

    1998-11-01

    Full Text Available We present a systematic evaluation of different modeling techniques for the design of Geographic Information Systems as we experienced them through theoretical research and real world applications. A set of exemplary problems for spatial systems on which the suitability of models can be tested is discussed. We analyse the use of a specific database design methodology including the phases of conceptual, logical and physical modeling. By employing, at each phase, representative models of classical and object-oriented approaches we assess their efficiency in spatial data handling. At the conceptual phase, we show how the Entity-Relationship, EFO and OMT models deal with the geographic needs; at the logical phase we argue why the relational model is good to serve as a basis to accommodate these requirements, but not good enough as a stand alone solution.

  13. Intelligent tools for building a scientific information platform from research to implementation

    CERN Document Server

    Skonieczny, Łukasz; Rybiński, Henryk; Kryszkiewicz, Marzena; Niezgódka, Marek

    2014-01-01

    This book is a selection of results obtained within three years of research performed under SYNAT—a nation-wide scientific project aiming at creating an infrastructure for scientific content storage and sharing for academia, education and open knowledge society in Poland. The book is intended to be the last of the series related to the SYNAT project. The previous books, titled “Intelligent Tools for Building a Scientific Information Platform” and “Intelligent Tools for Building a Scientific Information Platform: Advanced Architectures and Solutions”, were published as volumes 390 and 467 in Springer's Studies in Computational Intelligence. Its contents is based on the SYNAT 2013 Workshop held in Warsaw. The papers included in this volume present an overview and insight into information retrieval, repository systems, text processing, ontology-based systems, text mining, multimedia data processing and advanced software engineering, addressing the problems of implementing intelligent tools for building...

  14. Research of intelligence data mining based on commanding decision-making

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Jingxue; Fei Qi

    2007-01-01

    In order to rapidly and effectively meet the informative demand from commanding decision-making, it is important to build, maintain and mine the intelligence database.The type, structure and maintenance of military intelligence database are discussed.On this condition, a new data-mining arithmetic based on relation intelligence database is presented according to the preference information and the requirement of time limit given by the commander.Furthermore, a simple calculative example is presented to prove the arithmetic with better maneuverability.Lastly, the problem of how to process the intelligence data mined from the intelligence database is discussed.

  15. Databases

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The databases of computational and experimental data from the first Aeroelastic Prediction Workshop are located here. The databases file names tell their contents by...

  16. Multigenerational information: the example of the Icelandic Genealogy Database.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tulinius, Hrafn

    2011-01-01

    The first part of the chapter describes the Icelandic Genealogical Database, how it was created, what it contains, and how it operates. In the second part, an overview of research accomplished with material from the database is given.

  17. Cognitive Connected Vehicle Information System Design Requirement for Safety: Role of Bayesian Artificial Intelligence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ata Khan

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Intelligent transportation systems (ITS are gaining acceptance around the world and the connected vehicle component of ITS is recognized as a high priority research and development area in many technologically advanced countries. Connected vehicles are expected to have the capability of safe, efficient and eco-driving operations whether these are under human control or in the adaptive machine control mode of operations. The race is on to design the capability to operate in connected traffic environment. The operational requirements can be met with cognitive vehicle design features made possible by advances in artificial intelligence-supported methodology, improved understanding of human factors, and advances in communication technology. This paper describes cognitive features and their information system requirements. The architecture of an information system is presented that supports the features of the cognitive connected vehicle. For better focus, information processing capabilities are specified and the role of Bayesian artificial intelligence is defined for data fusion. Example applications illustrate the role of information systems in integrating intelligent technology, Bayesian artificial intelligence, and abstracted human factors. Concluding remarks highlight the role of the information system and Bayesian artificial intelligence in the design of a new generation of cognitive connected vehicle.

  18. Artificial intelligence, neural network, and Internet tool integration in a pathology workstation to improve information access

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sargis, J. C.; Gray, W. A.

    1999-03-01

    The APWS allows user friendly access to several legacy systems which would normally each demand domain expertise for proper utilization. The generalized model, including objects, classes, strategies and patterns is presented. The core components of the APWS are the Microsoft Windows 95 Operating System, Oracle, Oracle Power Objects, Artificial Intelligence tools, a medical hyperlibrary and a web site. The paper includes a discussion of how could be automated by taking advantage of the expert system, object oriented programming and intelligent relational database tools within the APWS.

  19. 4th INNS Symposia Series on Computational Intelligence in Information Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Au, Thien

    2015-01-01

    This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Fourth International Neural Network Symposia series on Computational Intelligence in Information Systems, INNS-CIIS 2014, held in Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei in November 2014. INNS-CIIS aims to provide a platform for researchers to exchange the latest ideas and present the most current research advances in general areas related to computational intelligence and its applications in various domains. The 34 revised full papers presented in this book have been carefully reviewed and selected from 72 submissions. They cover a wide range of topics and application areas in computational intelligence and informatics.  

  20. A survey on intelligence approaches that may be useful for information and communication technology research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHONG Yi-xin

    2008-01-01

    The concepts on information and communicationtechnology (ICT) and "intelligence" are defined firstly and theanalyses on the environment and requirements for ICT are thenfollowed. Based on the definitions and the analyses, a survey onintelligence approaches that may be useful for ICT is thus made.The conclusion drawn from the survey is a recommendation bysaying that intelligence approaches have been one of the keysfor further development of the entirety of ICT and thereforeshould receive much more attentions from ICT researchers inthe years to come.

  1. Business intelligence and mobile technology research an information systems engineering perspective

    CERN Document Server

    Laouar, Mohamed Ridda

    2014-01-01

    All business organizations strive for increasing their growth by seizing new opportunities, reducing enterprise costs, attracting new customers and retaining old customers. In doing so, business intelligence and analytics allow business organizations to make better plans, informed decisions, and monitor their progress towards planned goals and objectives. The more disruptive power of IT technologies comes synergistically. Individual IT technologies do not work in isolation. Business intellige...

  2. Intelligent Integration of Information and Services on the Web

    OpenAIRE

    Stroulia, Eleni

    2002-01-01

    The evolution of the World Wide Web from a repository of HTML data to a source of varied distributed services creates exciting opportunities for offering complex, integrated services over the web. The syntactic problems of such integration are being addressed by the advent of the web services stack of standards.1 However, the promise of service integration will not be delivered unless services can be integrated semantically as well. The 2002 AAAI workshop entitled "Intelligent Service Integra...

  3. The Animal Genetic Resource Information Network (AnimalGRIN) Database: A Database Design & Implementation Case

    Science.gov (United States)

    Irwin, Gretchen; Wessel, Lark; Blackman, Harvey

    2012-01-01

    This case describes a database redesign project for the United States Department of Agriculture's National Animal Germplasm Program (NAGP). The case provides a valuable context for teaching and practicing database analysis, design, and implementation skills, and can be used as the basis for a semester-long team project. The case demonstrates the…

  4. When meat gets personal, animals' minds matter less:motivated use of intelligence information in judgments of moral standing

    OpenAIRE

    Piazza, Jared Raymond; Loughnan, Stephen

    2016-01-01

    Why are many Westerners outraged by dog meat, but comfortable with pork? This is particularly puzzling, given strong evidence that both species are highly intelligent. We suggest that although people consider intelligence a key factor in determining animals’ moral status, they disregard this information when it is self-relevant. In Study 1, we show that intelligence plays a major role in the moral concern afforded to animals in the abstract. In Study 2, we manipulated the intelligence of thre...

  5. Databases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nick Ryan

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Databases are deeply embedded in archaeology, underpinning and supporting many aspects of the subject. However, as well as providing a means for storing, retrieving and modifying data, databases themselves must be a result of a detailed analysis and design process. This article looks at this process, and shows how the characteristics of data models affect the process of database design and implementation. The impact of the Internet on the development of databases is examined, and the article concludes with a discussion of a range of issues associated with the recording and management of archaeological data.

  6. The integrated web service and genome database for agricultural plants with biotechnology information

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, ChangKug; Park, DongSuk; Seol, YoungJoo; Hahn, JangHo

    2011-01-01

    The National Agricultural Biotechnology Information Center (NABIC) constructed an agricultural biology-based infrastructure and developed a Web based relational database for agricultural plants with biotechnology information. The NABIC has concentrated on functional genomics of major agricultural plants, building an integrated biotechnology database for agro-biotech information that focuses on genomics of major agricultural resources. This genome database provides annotated genome information from 1,039,823 records mapped to rice, Arabidopsis, and Chinese cabbage. PMID:21887015

  7. Intelligent tools for building a scientific information platform advanced architectures and solutions

    CERN Document Server

    Skonieczny, Lukasz; Rybinski, Henryk; Kryszkiewicz, Marzena; Niezgodka, Marek

    2013-01-01

    This book is a selection of results obtained within two years of research per- formed under SYNAT - a nation-wide scientific project aiming at creating an infrastructure for scientific content storage and sharing for academia, education and open knowledge society in Poland. The selection refers to the research in artificial intelligence, knowledge discovery and data mining, information retrieval and natural language processing, addressing the problems of implementing intelligent tools for building a scientific information platform.This book is a continuation and extension of the ideas presented in “Intelligent Tools for Building a Scientific Information Platform” published as volume 390 in the same series in 2012. It is based on the SYNAT 2012 Workshop held in Warsaw. The papers included in this volume present an overview and insight into information retrieval, repository systems, text processing, ontology-based systems, text mining, multimedia data processing and advanced software engineering.  

  8. SISTAX : an intelligent tool for recovering information on natural products chemistry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alvarenga Sandra A.V.

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available This work describes the development of a new program, named SISTAX, for the expert system SISTEMAT. This program allows anyone interested in chemotaxonomy to carry out an intelligent search for organic compounds in databases through chemical structures. When coupled with can efficient encoding system, the program recognizes skeletal types and can find any substructural constraints demanded by the user. An example of an application of the program to the diterpene class found in plants is described.

  9. Learning Better Context Characterizations: An Intelligent Information Retrieval Approach

    CERN Document Server

    Lorenzetti, Carlos M

    2010-01-01

    This paper proposes an incremental method that can be used by an intelligent system to learn better descriptions of a thematic context. The method starts with a small number of terms selected from a simple description of the topic under analysis and uses this description as the initial search context. Using these terms, a set of queries are built and submitted to a search engine. New documents and terms are used to refine the learned vocabulary. Evaluations performed on a large number of topics indicate that the learned vocabulary is much more effective than the original one at the time of constructing queries to retrieve relevant material.

  10. Challenging problems and solutions in intelligent systems

    CERN Document Server

    Grzegorzewski, Przemysław; Kacprzyk, Janusz; Owsiński, Jan; Penczek, Wojciech; Zadrożny, Sławomir

    2016-01-01

    This volume presents recent research, challenging problems and solutions in Intelligent Systems– covering the following disciplines: artificial and computational intelligence, fuzzy logic and other non-classic logics, intelligent database systems, information retrieval, information fusion, intelligent search (engines), data mining, cluster analysis, unsupervised learning, machine learning, intelligent data analysis, (group) decision support systems, intelligent agents and multi-agent systems, knowledge-based systems, imprecision and uncertainty handling, electronic commerce, distributed systems, etc. The book defines a common ground for sometimes seemingly disparate problems and addresses them by using the paradigm of broadly perceived intelligent systems. It presents a broad panorama of a multitude of theoretical and practical problems which have been successfully dealt with using the paradigm of intelligent computing.

  11. Getting Competitive: Competitive Intelligence Is a Smart next Step for Information Pros

    Science.gov (United States)

    Correia, Cynthia Cheng

    2006-01-01

    Competitive Intelligence (CI) has become an attractive concept for Library and Information Science professionals, as information and research functions have become commoditized by end users, and financial, competitive, and performance pressures increase the need to demonstrate value. In the current competitive and cost-cutting environment,…

  12. Technology Watch and Competitive Intelligence: A New Challenge in Education for Information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dou, Henri; And Others

    1993-01-01

    Discusses the need for education of information professionals in France to change because of changing needs for scientific, technological, and economic information. The functions of technology watch and competitive intelligence based on an organization's critical success factor are shown to be important. (13 references) (EAM)

  13. Environmental Factor(tm) system: Superfund site information from five EPA databases (on cd-rom). Database

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-07-01

    Environmental Factor puts today`s technology to work to provide a better, more cost-efficient and time-saving way to access EPA information on hazardous waste sites. Environmental consultants, insurers, and reinsurers, corporate risk assessors and companies actively involved in the generation, transport, storage or cleanup of hazardous waste materials can use its user-friendly information retrieval system to gain rapid access to vital information in immediately-usable form. Search, retrieve, and export information in real time. No more waiting for the mail or overnight delivery services to deliver hard copies of voluminous listings and individual site reports. More than 200,000 pages of EPA hazardous waste site information are contained in 5 related databases: (1) Site data from the National Priority List (NPL) and CERCLIS databases, Potentially Responsible Parties (PRP) and Records of Decision (RODs) summaries; (2) Complete PRP information; (3) EPA Records of Decision (Full Text); (4) entire Civil Enforcement Docket; and (5) Glossary of EPA terms, abbreviations and acronyms. Environmental Factor`s powerful database management engine gives even the most inexperienced computer user extensive search capabilities, including wildcard, phonetic and direct cross reference searches across multiple databases. The first menu option delivers information from the NPL, CERCLIS site data, PRP and RODs summary information. Enter a set of search criteria and then immediately access displays containing information from all of these databases. Get full PRP information and Full Text RODs by using their respective menu options. If your search turns up multiple items, a list of site names appears. To bring up the data, highlight the specific site you want and hit Enter. That`s how easy it is to access the vast amount of data stored in the Environmental Factor CD-ROM.

  14. POSSIBILITIES FOR INNOVATIVE SCIENTIFIC APPROACH: INFORMATION VISUALIZATION AND EXPERIMENT IN INTELLIGENCE RESEARCH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dejan Ulcej

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available In addition to universal social changes, the information revolution also brought a lot of innovation to the workings of intelligence services, which are traditionally the part of the national security system that is conducting data analyses and for which information is the primary product. If in the past the main problem and challenge has been the timely acquisition of data, today most agencies are faced with an entirely different problem - information overload. This problem is being tackled by technical as well as systemic measures that combine various types of intelligence work. However, there are still unanswered questions regarding the applicability of intelligence products for decision makers. Here we have to point out information visualization as the subject of an interdisciplinary scientific research that definitely shows a lot of potential in the context of the defense science as well. This article points out three key requirements that allow the application of information visualization to defense research: (1 the concept of the intelligence cycle can be used as a good basis for the information that is subject to visualization; (2 the quality of decision-making support information depends on proper visualization; (3 the first two requirements offer a stable theoretical and empirical basis for the introduction of innovative scientific methods in the field of defense science, such as experiments.

  15. Intelligence in young adulthood and cause-specific mortality in the Danish Conscription Database – A cohort study of 728,160 men

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, G.T.; Mortensen, E.L.; Christensen, K.;

    2016-01-01

    related to all-cause mortality with a 28% higher risk of dying during the study period per 1 standard deviation (SD) decrease in intelligence test score (HR=1.28 95% CI=1.27–1.29). The strength of the observed inverse associations did not vary much across main groups of natural and external causes......An inverse association has been reported between early life intelligence and all-cause mortality. The aim of this study was to investigate whether this well-established association differed according to the underlying cause of death and across different birth cohorts. The associations between young...... adult intelligence and mortality from natural and external causes were investigated in the Danish Conscription Database (DCD), which is a cohort of more than 700,000 men born 1939–1959 and followed in Danish registers from young adulthood until late mid-life. Young adult intelligence was inversely...

  16. Microsoft Enterprise Consortium: A Resource for Teaching Data Warehouse, Business Intelligence and Database Management Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kreie, Jennifer; Hashemi, Shohreh

    2012-01-01

    Data is a vital resource for businesses; therefore, it is important for businesses to manage and use their data effectively. Because of this, businesses value college graduates with an understanding of and hands-on experience working with databases, data warehouses and data analysis theories and tools. Faculty in many business disciplines try to…

  17. Database Graphic User Interface correspondence with Ellis Information Seeking behavior Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Azami

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available   Graphic User interface serves as a bridge between man and databases. Its primary purpose is to assist uses by establishing interaction with computer systems. Database user interface designers have seldom focused on the impact of user information seeking behaviors on the database user interface structures. Therefore, it is crucial to incorporate the user information seeking behavior within database software design as well as analyzing their impact on upgrade and optimization of user interface environment. The present study intends to determine the degree of correspondence of database interface with information seeking behavioral components of Ellis’ model. The component studied starting, chaining, browsing, differentiating, monitoring and extracting. Investigators employed direct observation method, using a checklist, in order to see how much the database interfaces support these components. Results indicated that the information seeking behavior components outlined by Ellis Model are not fully considered in database user interface design. Some of the components such as starting, chaining and differentiation were to some extent supported by some of database user interfaces studied. However elements such as browsing, monitoring and extracting have not been incorporated within the user interface structures of these databases. On the whole, the degree of correspondence and correlation of database user interfaces with Ellis information seeking components is about average. Therefore incorporating these elements in design and evaluation of user interface environment could have high impact on better optimization of database interface environment and consequently the very process of search and retrieval.

  18. Exploring Information Literacy in Relationship: Intelligence and Personality as Factors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, Timothy A.

    2012-01-01

    In the last three decades, the domain of Information Literacy (IL) has caught the attention of international college educators and information professionals. The explosion of information in education, government and business requires college students to have the skills necessary to enter an information-rich digital age. These skills include the…

  19. Computational Intelligence Challenges and Applications on Large-Scale Astronomical Time Series Databases

    CERN Document Server

    Huijse, Pablo; Protopapas, Pavlos; Principe, Jose C; Zegers, Pablo

    2015-01-01

    Time-domain astronomy (TDA) is facing a paradigm shift caused by the exponential growth of the sample size, data complexity and data generation rates of new astronomical sky surveys. For example, the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST), which will begin operations in northern Chile in 2022, will generate a nearly 150 Petabyte imaging dataset of the southern hemisphere sky. The LSST will stream data at rates of 2 Terabytes per hour, effectively capturing an unprecedented movie of the sky. The LSST is expected not only to improve our understanding of time-varying astrophysical objects, but also to reveal a plethora of yet unknown faint and fast-varying phenomena. To cope with a change of paradigm to data-driven astronomy, the fields of astroinformatics and astrostatistics have been created recently. The new data-oriented paradigms for astronomy combine statistics, data mining, knowledge discovery, machine learning and computational intelligence, in order to provide the automated and robust methods needed for...

  20. 16th East-European Conference on Advances in Databases and Information Systems (ADBIS 2012)

    CERN Document Server

    Härder, Theo; Wrembel, Robert; Advances in Databases and Information Systems

    2013-01-01

    This volume is the second one of the 16th East-European Conference on Advances in Databases and Information Systems (ADBIS 2012), held on September 18-21, 2012, in Poznań, Poland. The first one has been published in the LNCS series.   This volume includes 27 research contributions, selected out of 90. The contributions cover a wide spectrum of topics in the database and information systems field, including: database foundation and theory, data modeling and database design, business process modeling, query optimization in relational and object databases, materialized view selection algorithms, index data structures, distributed systems, system and data integration, semi-structured data and databases, semantic data management, information retrieval, data mining techniques, data stream processing, trust and reputation in the Internet, and social networks. Thus, the content of this volume covers the research areas from fundamentals of databases, through still hot topic research problems (e.g., data mining, XML ...

  1. 2nd International Conference on INformation Systems Design and Intelligent Applications

    CERN Document Server

    Satapathy, Suresh; Sanyal, Manas; Sarkar, Partha; Mukhopadhyay, Anirban

    2015-01-01

    The second international conference on INformation Systems Design and Intelligent Applications (INDIA – 2015) held in Kalyani, India during January 8-9, 2015. The book covers all aspects of information system design, computer science and technology, general sciences, and educational research. Upon a double blind review process, a number of high quality papers are selected and collected in the book, which is composed of two different volumes, and covers a variety of topics, including natural language processing, artificial intelligence, security and privacy, communications, wireless and sensor networks, microelectronics, circuit and systems, machine learning, soft computing, mobile computing and applications, cloud computing, software engineering, graphics and image processing, rural engineering, e-commerce, e-governance, business computing, molecular computing, nano computing, chemical computing, intelligent computing for GIS and remote sensing, bio-informatics and bio-computing. These fields are not only ...

  2. 3rd International Conference on INformation Systems Design and Intelligent Applications

    CERN Document Server

    Mandal, Jyotsna; Udgata, Siba; Bhateja, Vikrant

    2016-01-01

    The third international conference on INformation Systems Design and Intelligent Applications (INDIA – 2016) held in Visakhapatnam, India during January 8-9, 2016. The book covers all aspects of information system design, computer science and technology, general sciences, and educational research. Upon a double blind review process, a number of high quality papers are selected and collected in the book, which is composed of three different volumes, and covers a variety of topics, including natural language processing, artificial intelligence, security and privacy, communications, wireless and sensor networks, microelectronics, circuit and systems, machine learning, soft computing, mobile computing and applications, cloud computing, software engineering, graphics and image processing, rural engineering, e-commerce, e-governance, business computing, molecular computing, nano-computing, chemical computing, intelligent computing for GIS and remote sensing, bio-informatics and bio-computing. These fields are not...

  3. Intelligent Information Fusion in the Aviation Domain: A Semantic-Web based Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ashish, Naveen; Goforth, Andre

    2005-01-01

    Information fusion from multiple sources is a critical requirement for System Wide Information Management in the National Airspace (NAS). NASA and the FAA envision creating an "integrated pool" of information originally coming from different sources, which users, intelligent agents and NAS decision support tools can tap into. In this paper we present the results of our initial investigations into the requirements and prototype development of such an integrated information pool for the NAS. We have attempted to ascertain key requirements for such an integrated pool based on a survey of DSS tools that will benefit from this integrated pool. We then advocate key technologies from computer science research areas such as the semantic web, information integration, and intelligent agents that we believe are well suited to achieving the envisioned system wide information management capabilities.

  4. Information Retrieval and Search Engines in Full-text Databases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hartmut Zillmann

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available OSIRIS and ELIB are two cooperative projects at the Osnabrück University supported by the German Research Society (DFG and the Ministry of Science and Culture (MWK Niedersachsen (Germany. They deal with natural language retrieval systems and with indexing techniques for full-text databases using natural language processing. Very complex processes in the context of syntactical and semantical analysis of textual phrases including sophisticated valuation criteria could be implemented in large relational databases with online realtime indexing requirements.

  5. Artificial intelligence

    CERN Document Server

    Hunt, Earl B

    1975-01-01

    Artificial Intelligence provides information pertinent to the fundamental aspects of artificial intelligence. This book presents the basic mathematical and computational approaches to problems in the artificial intelligence field.Organized into four parts encompassing 16 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the various fields of artificial intelligence. This text then attempts to connect artificial intelligence problems to some of the notions of computability and abstract computing devices. Other chapters consider the general notion of computability, with focus on the interaction bet

  6. TIS: an Intelligent Gateway Computer for information and modeling networks. Overview

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hampel, V.E.; Bailey, C.; Kawin, R.A.; Lann, N.A.; McGrogan, S.K.; Scott, W.S.; Stammers, S.M.; Thomas, J.L.

    1983-08-01

    The Technology Information System (TIS) is being used to develop software for Intelligent Gateway Computers (IGC) suitable for the prototyping of advanced, integrated information networks. Dedicated to information management, TIS leads the user to available information resources, on TIS or elsewhere, by means of a master directory and automated access procedures. Other geographically distributed information centers accessible through TIS include federal and commercial systems like DOE/RECON, NASA/RECON, DOD/DROLS, DOT/TIC, CIS, and DIALOG in the United States, the chemical information systems DARC in France, and DECHEMA in West Germany. New centers are added as required.

  7. Evaluating Business Intelligence/Business Analytics Software for Use in the Information Systems Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Gary Alan; Woratschek, Charles R.

    2015-01-01

    Business Intelligence (BI) and Business Analytics (BA) Software has been included in many Information Systems (IS) curricula. This study surveyed current and past undergraduate and graduate students to evaluate various BI/BA tools. Specifically, this study compared several software tools from two of the major software providers in the BI/BA field.…

  8. A Parallel Relational Database Management System Approach to Relevance Feedback in Information Retrieval.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lundquist, Carol; Frieder, Ophir; Holmes, David O.; Grossman, David

    1999-01-01

    Describes a scalable, parallel, relational database-drive information retrieval engine. To support portability across a wide range of execution environments, all algorithms adhere to the SQL-92 standard. By incorporating relevance feedback algorithms, accuracy is enhanced over prior database-driven information retrieval efforts. Presents…

  9. A Parallel Relational Database Management System Approach to Relevance Feedback in Information Retrieval.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lundquist, Carol; Frieder, Ophir; Holmes, David O.; Grossman, David

    1999-01-01

    Describes a scalable, parallel, relational database-drive information retrieval engine. To support portability across a wide range of execution environments, all algorithms adhere to the SQL-92 standard. By incorporating relevance feedback algorithms, accuracy is enhanced over prior database-driven information retrieval efforts. Presents…

  10. Database Semantic Interoperability based on Information Flow Theory and Formal Concept Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guanghui Yang

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available As databases become widely used, there is a growing need to translate information between multiple databases. Semantic interoperability and integration has been a long standing challenge for the database community and has now become a prominent area of database research. In this paper, we aim to answer the question how semantic interoperability between two databases can be achieved by using Formal Concept Analysis (FCA for short and Information Flow (IF for short theories. For our purposes, firstly we discover knowledge from different databases by using FCA, and then align what is discovered by using IF and FCA. The development of FCA has led to some software systems such as TOSCANA and TUPLEWARE, which can be used as a tool for discovering knowledge in databases. A prototype based on the IF and FCA has been developed. Our method is tested and verified by using this prototype and TUPLEWARE.

  11. Intelligent technique to search for patterns within images in massive databases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vega, J; Murari, A; Pereira, A; Portas, A; Castro, P

    2008-10-01

    An image retrieval system for JET has been developed. The image database contains the images of the JET high speed visible camera. The system input is a pattern selected inside an image and the output is the group of frames (defined by their discharge numbers and time slices) that show patterns similar to the selected one. This approach is based on morphological pattern recognition and it should be emphasized that the pattern is found independently of its location in the frame. The technique encodes images into characters and, therefore, it transforms the pattern search into a character-matching problem.

  12. Information Foraging Theory: A Framework for Intelligence Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-11-01

    Applying information foraging theory to ntelligence analysis This section lays out a plan for the application of IFT to the military...psychologist, 53(5), 533. [24] Wells, V. K. (2012). Foraging: An ecology model of consumer behaviour ? Marketing Theory , 12,117-136. [25] Mantovani, G. (2001...discrete information sources, and the use of semantic cues to enhance the search process. A plan for the application of Information Foraging Theory to the

  13. Detection, information fusion, and temporal processing for intelligence in recognition

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Casasent, D. [Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA (United States)

    1996-12-31

    The use of intelligence in vision recognition uses many different techniques or tools. This presentation discusses several of these techniques for recognition. The recognition process is generally separated into several steps or stages when implemented in hardware, e.g. detection, segmentation and enhancement, and recognition. Several new distortion-invariant filters, biologically-inspired Gabor wavelet filter techniques, and morphological operations that have been found very useful for detection and clutter rejection are discussed. These are all shift-invariant operations that allow multiple object regions of interest in a scene to be located in parallel. We also discuss new algorithm fusion concepts by which the results from different detection algorithms are combined to reduce detection false alarms; these fusion methods utilize hierarchical processing and fuzzy logic concepts. We have found this to be most necessary, since no single detection algorithm is best for all cases. For the final recognition stage, we describe a new method of representing all distorted versions of different classes of objects and determining the object class and pose that most closely matches that of a given input. Besides being efficient in terms of storage and on-line computations required, it overcomes many of the problems that other classifiers have in terms of the required training set size, poor generalization with many hidden layer neurons, etc. It is also attractive in its ability to reject input regions as clutter (non-objects) and to learn new object descriptions. We also discuss its use in processing a temporal sequence of input images of the contents of each local region of interest. We note how this leads to robust results in which estimation efforts in individual frames can be overcome. This seems very practical, since in many scenarios a decision need not be made after only one frame of data, since subsequent frames of data enter immediately in sequence.

  14. 18th East European Conference on Advances in Databases and Information Systems and Associated Satellite Events

    CERN Document Server

    Ivanovic, Mirjana; Kon-Popovska, Margita; Manolopoulos, Yannis; Palpanas, Themis; Trajcevski, Goce; Vakali, Athena

    2015-01-01

    This volume contains the papers of 3 workshops and the doctoral consortium, which are organized in the framework of the 18th East-European Conference on Advances in Databases and Information Systems (ADBIS’2014). The 3rd International Workshop on GPUs in Databases (GID’2014) is devoted to subjects related to utilization of Graphics Processing Units in database environments. The use of GPUs in databases has not yet received enough attention from the database community. The intention of the GID workshop is to provide a discussion on popularizing the GPUs and providing a forum for discussion with respect to the GID’s research ideas and their potential to achieve high speedups in many database applications. The 3rd International Workshop on Ontologies Meet Advanced Information Systems (OAIS’2014) has a twofold objective to present: new and challenging issues in the contribution of ontologies for designing high quality information systems, and new research and technological developments which use ontologie...

  15. Competitive intelligence information management and innovation in small technology-based companies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanev, Stoyan

    2007-05-01

    In this article we examine how (i) company type and (ii) the competitive intelligence information used by small technology-based companies affect their innovation performance. The focus is on the specific information types used and not on the information sources. Information topics are classified in four groups - customers (10), company (9), competitor (11) and industry (12). The sample consists of 45 small new technology-based companies, specialized suppliers, and service companies from a variety of sectors - software, photonics, telecommunications, biomedical engineering and biotech, traditional manufacturing etc. The results suggest that the total number of intelligence information topics companies use to make decisions about innovation is not associated with the number of their new products, processes, services and patents. Therefore the companies in our sample do not seem to have the resources, processes or value systems required to use different competitive intelligence information when making decisions on innovation or may rely more on their own internal logic than on external information. Companies are classified using a Pavitt-like taxonomy. Service companies are considered as a separate company type. This allows for explicitly studying both, the innovative role of new services in product driven companies, and the role of new product development in service companies.

  16. Organisational Dynamics and Ambiguity of Business Intelligence in Context of Enterprise Information Systems – a case study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tambo, Torben; Gabel, Ole Dahl; Olsen, Martin

    2012-01-01

    Business Intelligence (BI) is playing a major role in most Enterprise Information Systems (EIS) architectures providing strategic and tactical management information on selected issues. BI is typically detached from mainstream transaction systems and provides a translated view of the business...

  17. The implementation of nuclear knowledge information infra database

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kang, Shin Bok; Hwang, In Ah [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Taejeon (Korea)

    2001-02-01

    The purpose of this research is to develop DB for establishing knowledge management DB, which will be effectively utilized for carrying out nuclear R and D program. This report describes detailed methodology for data retrieval, classification, acquisition, accumulation, common ownership and regeneration of professional knowledge. An example of knowledge DB construction in the field of nuclear energy is illustrated in the report. This project is supported by a part of digital information program related to science and technology. The total of 894 man year (3 man per day) is invested in this project. Major works carried out in this project are design of DB field for nuclear knowledge base, classification and selection of knowledge information information, review of classified and selected information, preparation of information DB, and so on. As a result of this project, the developed DB for nuclear knowledge information infrastructure will serve as a valuable source of information to the nuclear researchers and information users. (Author)

  18. A database-informed approach to new plant shielding design

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lloyd, T. M. [Westinghouse Electric Company LLC, 226 Airport Parkway, San Jose, CA 95110 (United States)

    2011-07-01

    Document available in abstract form only, full text of document follows: To facilitate the definition and description of radiation dose rates in the numerous rooms and areas of a new nuclear power plant, a database approach was developed. This approach offers a number of benefits over more manual methods. A key benefit is that the selection of an appropriate shielding method to use in each area of the plant is greatly facilitated by virtue of the team's improved ability to grasp the significance of each of the individual sources that are candidates for making a significant contribution to the dose rate in each area. By understanding the level of relevant contribution - if any - of each of these candidate sources, an analyst is able to select a method that will define the contribution without becoming enmired in a model representing inappropriately high degrees of accuracy and modeling time. This database method, by allowing for an evolving understanding of dose rates and sources in the neighboring rooms for each portion of the plant, leads to substantial reductions in the effort of characterizing a plant's radiation environment. As an additional benefit, the database serves as a tool for documenting the shielding calculations themselves, automatically generating formatted sections including drawing and source term references, shielding calculation types, key dimensions, and results; these sections can form the starting point of a full calculation package. The approach offers a final project management benefit: estimating, tracking, and predicting the effort associated with the many calculations involved in such a project are greatly systematized, leading to more reliable manpower estimates. (authors)

  19. Field Validation of Food Service Listings: A Comparison of Commercial and Online Geographic Information System Databases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seliske, Laura; Pickett, William; Bates, Rebecca; Janssen, Ian

    2012-01-01

    Many studies examining the food retail environment rely on geographic information system (GIS) databases for location information. The purpose of this study was to validate information provided by two GIS databases, comparing the positional accuracy of food service places within a 1 km circular buffer surrounding 34 schools in Ontario, Canada. A commercial database (InfoCanada) and an online database (Yellow Pages) provided the addresses of food service places. Actual locations were measured using a global positioning system (GPS) device. The InfoCanada and Yellow Pages GIS databases provided the locations for 973 and 675 food service places, respectively. Overall, 749 (77.1%) and 595 (88.2%) of these were located in the field. The online database had a higher proportion of food service places found in the field. The GIS locations of 25% of the food service places were located within approximately 15 m of their actual location, 50% were within 25 m, and 75% were within 50 m. This validation study provided a detailed assessment of errors in the measurement of the location of food service places in the two databases. The location information was more accurate for the online database, however, when matching criteria were more conservative, there were no observed differences in error between the databases. PMID:23066385

  20. Field validation of food service listings: a comparison of commercial and online geographic information system databases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seliske, Laura; Pickett, William; Bates, Rebecca; Janssen, Ian

    2012-08-01

    Many studies examining the food retail environment rely on geographic information system (GIS) databases for location information. The purpose of this study was to validate information provided by two GIS databases, comparing the positional accuracy of food service places within a 1 km circular buffer surrounding 34 schools in Ontario, Canada. A commercial database (InfoCanada) and an online database (Yellow Pages) provided the addresses of food service places. Actual locations were measured using a global positioning system (GPS) device. The InfoCanada and Yellow Pages GIS databases provided the locations for 973 and 675 food service places, respectively. Overall, 749 (77.1%) and 595 (88.2%) of these were located in the field. The online database had a higher proportion of food service places found in the field. The GIS locations of 25% of the food service places were located within approximately 15 m of their actual location, 50% were within 25 m, and 75% were within 50 m. This validation study provided a detailed assessment of errors in the measurement of the location of food service places in the two databases. The location information was more accurate for the online database, however, when matching criteria were more conservative, there were no observed differences in error between the databases.

  1. A guide for medical information searches of bibliographic databases - psychiatric research as an example.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Löhönen, Johanna; Isohanni, Matti; Nieminen, Pentti; Miettunen, Jouko

    2009-09-01

    Information overload, demanding work with strict time limits, and the extensive number of medical bibliographic databases and other research sources all underline the importance of being able to search for up-to-date information effectively. Medical journals play a key role in providing access to the latest information in medicine and health and bibliographic databases play an important role in accessing them. This paper sheds light on the role of the information search process and discusses how to approach key medical bibliographic databases and information sources, using the field of psychiatry as an example. Because of an increasing amount of information, the constant renewal within the discipline and a variety of services available, those seeking information must precisely define what kind of information they are looking for and from which sources the information needed may be found.

  2. Information structure design for databases a practical guide to data modelling

    CERN Document Server

    Mortimer, Andrew J

    2014-01-01

    Computer Weekly Professional Series: Information Structure Design for Databases: A Practical Guide to Data modeling focuses on practical data modeling covering business and information systems. The publication first offers information on data and information, business analysis, and entity relationship model basics. Discussions cover degree of relationship symbols, relationship rules, membership markers, types of information systems, data driven systems, cost and value of information, importance of data modeling, and quality of information. The book then takes a look at entity relationship mode

  3. Towards a New Approach of the Economic Intelligence Process: Basic Concepts, Analysis Methods and Informational Tools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sorin Briciu

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available One of the obvious trends in current business environment is the increased competition. In this context, organizations are becoming more and more aware of the importance of knowledge as a key factor in obtaining competitive advantage. A possible solution in knowledge management is Economic Intelligence (EI that involves the collection, evaluation, processing, analysis, and dissemination of economic data (about products, clients, competitors, etc. inside organizations. The availability of massive quantities of data correlated with advances in information and communication technology allowing for the filtering and processing of these data provide new tools for the production of economic intelligence.The research is focused on innovative aspects of economic intelligence process (models of analysis, activities, methods and informational tools and is providing practical guidelines for initiating this process. In this paper, we try: (a to contribute to a coherent view on economic intelligence process (approaches, stages, fields of application; b to describe the most important models of analysis related to this process; c to analyze the activities, methods and tools associated with each stage of an EI process.

  4. NABIC marker database: A molecular markers information network of agricultural crops

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    In 2013, National Agricultural Biotechnology Information Center (NABIC) reconstructs a molecular marker database for useful genetic resources. The web-based marker database consists of three major functional categories: map viewer, RSN marker and gene annotation. It provides 7250 marker locations, 3301 RSN marker property, 3280 molecular marker annotation information in agricultural plants. The individual molecular marker provides information such as marker name, expressed sequence tag number...

  5. Towards an Intelligent Possibilistic Web Information Retrieval Using Multiagent System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elayeb, Bilel; Evrard, Fabrice; Zaghdoud, Montaceur; Ahmed, Mohamed Ben

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to make a scientific contribution to web information retrieval (IR). Design/methodology/approach: A multiagent system for web IR is proposed based on new technologies: Hierarchical Small-Worlds (HSW) and Possibilistic Networks (PN). This system is based on a possibilistic qualitative approach which extends the…

  6. Towards an Intelligent Possibilistic Web Information Retrieval Using Multiagent System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elayeb, Bilel; Evrard, Fabrice; Zaghdoud, Montaceur; Ahmed, Mohamed Ben

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to make a scientific contribution to web information retrieval (IR). Design/methodology/approach: A multiagent system for web IR is proposed based on new technologies: Hierarchical Small-Worlds (HSW) and Possibilistic Networks (PN). This system is based on a possibilistic qualitative approach which extends the…

  7. Information-Processing on Intelligence Test Items: Some Response Components

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitely, Susan E.

    1977-01-01

    A factor analysis was used to study the relationships among response time and accuracy scores for a verbal analogies test, as well as a number of experimental variables designed to measure a series of information processing stages of the analogies task. (CTM)

  8. Facilitating access to information in large documents with an intelligent hypertext system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mathe, Nathalie

    1993-01-01

    Retrieving specific information from large amounts of documentation is not an easy task. It could be facilitated if information relevant in the current problem solving context could be automatically supplied to the user. As a first step towards this goal, we have developed an intelligent hypertext system called CID (Computer Integrated Documentation) and tested it on the Space Station Freedom requirement documents. The CID system enables integration of various technical documents in a hypertext framework and includes an intelligent context-sensitive indexing and retrieval mechanism. This mechanism utilizes on-line user information requirements and relevance feedback either to reinforce current indexing in case of success or to generate new knowledge in case of failure. This allows the CID system to provide helpful responses, based on previous usage of the documentation, and to improve its performance over time.

  9. 75 FR 29155 - Publicly Available Consumer Product Safety Information Database

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-24

    ... information, such as where the product was purchased, price paid, model, serial number, date of manufacture... considered as verification including sales, promotion, marketing or warranty activities or...

  10. Stemcell Information: SKIP000919 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available a Thatava Tayaramma Thatava Department of Molecular Medicine, Mayo Clinic Department... of Molecular Medicine, Mayo Clinic ... Information Only Department of Molecular Medicine, Mayo Clinic Department

  11. Stemcell Information: SKIP000918 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available a Thatava Tayaramma Thatava Department of Molecular Medicine, Mayo Clinic Department... of Molecular Medicine, Mayo Clinic ... Information Only Department of Molecular Medicine, Mayo Clinic Department

  12. Member satisfaction information as competitive intelligence: a new tool for increasing market share and reducing costs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooperman, T

    1995-01-01

    MCOs have begun to realize the impact that consumer satisfaction has on enrollment and pricing. Taking a lesson from auto manufacturers, MCOs are now realizing the additional advantages of obtaining consumer satisfaction information about their competitors. Knowing competitors' members intentions to stay or leave their plans, pin-pointing competitors' strengths and weaknesses, and identifying unmet consumer needs, allow MCOs to more successfully develop tactics and strategies for sales, marketing, and planning. This article describes the use of member satisfaction information as competitive intelligence, what to look for in this information, and sources for obtaining reliable information.

  13. Research and Development of a Network-Based Intelligent Maintenance Information System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZANG Tie-gang; YANG Ming-zhong; GUO Shun-sheng

    2003-01-01

    A maintenance information system is an important part of equipment management. An intelli gent maintenance information system ( IMIS) is a synthesis of network technology, information technology and intelligent technology. The IMIS is used to finish flexible maintenance decision-making and fast maintenance planning, which helps enterprises to effectively reduce maintenance cost and increase working efficiency. Because the IMIS integrates advanced technologies, its performance is better than a traditional one.The difference between an IMIS and a traditional maintenance information system, and the functions, structure, important realizations, and application of an IMIS are discussed in this paper.

  14. A New Mechanism Based on Similar Clouds Watermark for Database's Information Security

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUANG Min; CAO Jia-heng; PENG Zhiyong; ZENG Cheng

    2004-01-01

    This paper studies the digit watermark technology of numeric attributes in relational database for database's information security. It proposes a new mechanism based on similar clouds watermark and gives the concept of similar clouds. The algorithm SCWA that can insert the meaning watermark and detect it from the watermarked data is described. The mechanism can effectively and broadly scatter the watermark in the database; therefore the watermark is very robust.

  15. Experimental information - RED II INAHO | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available switchLanguage; BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Data List Contact us RED...trol ID data and Group no of Target ID data. Microarray Microarray name RED : Rice 9k Array used in the RMOS...is Database Database Description Download License Update History of This Database Site Policy | Contact Us Experimental information - RED II INAHO | LSDB Archive ...

  16. Key Techniques for Dynamic Updating of National Fundamental Geographic Information Database

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    WANG Donghua

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available One of the most important missions of fundamental surveying and mapping work is to keep the fundamental geographic information fresh. In this respect, National Administration of Surveying, Mapping and Geoinformation has launched the project of dynamic updating of national fundamental geographic information database since 2012, which aims to update 1:50 000, 1:250 000 and 1:1 000 000 national fundamental geographic information database continuously and quickly, by updating and publishing once a year. This paper introduces the general technical thinking of dynamic updating, states main technical methods, such as dynamic updating of fundamental database, linkage updating of derived databases, and multi-tense database management and service and so on, and finally introduces main technical characteristics and engineering applications.

  17. The IPE Database: providing information on plant design, core damage frequency and containment performance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lehner, J.R.; Lin, C.C.; Pratt, W.T. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States); Su, T.; Danziger, L. [U.S. Nuclear Regulartory Commission, No. Bethesda, MD (United States)

    1996-08-01

    A database, called the IPE Database has been developed that stores data obtained from the Individual Plant Examinations (IPEs) which licensees of nuclear power plants have conducted in response to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission`s (NRC) Generic Letter GL88-20. The IPE Database is a collection of linked files which store information about plant design, core damage frequency (CDF), and containment performance in a uniform, structured way. The information contained in the various files is based on data contained in the IPE submittals. The information extracted from the submittals and entered into the IPE Database can be manipulated so that queries regarding individual or groups of plants can be answered using the IPE Database.

  18. ORF information - KOME | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Description of data contents Information about the longest ORFs Data file File name: kome_orf_infomation.zip...switchLanguage; BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Data List Contact us KOME ORF... information Data detail Data name ORF information DOI 10.18908/lsdba.nbdc00120-016 ... File URL: ftp://ftp.biosciencedbc.jp/archive/kome/LATEST/kome_orf_infomation.zip File size: 526 KB Simple s...earch URL http://togodb.biosciencedbc.jp/togodb/view/kome_orf_infomation#en Data

  19. An online database for informing ecological network models: http://kelpforest.ucsc.edu

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beas-Luna, Rodrigo; Tinker, M. Tim; Novak, Mark; Carr, Mark H.; Black, August; Caselle, Jennifer E.; Hoban, Michael; Malone, Dan; Iles, Alison C.

    2014-01-01

    Ecological network models and analyses are recognized as valuable tools for understanding the dynamics and resiliency of ecosystems, and for informing ecosystem-based approaches to management. However, few databases exist that can provide the life history, demographic and species interaction information necessary to parameterize ecological network models. Faced with the difficulty of synthesizing the information required to construct models for kelp forest ecosystems along the West Coast of North America, we developed an online database (http://kelpforest.ucsc.edu/) to facilitate the collation and dissemination of such information. Many of the database's attributes are novel yet the structure is applicable and adaptable to other ecosystem modeling efforts. Information for each taxonomic unit includes stage-specific life history, demography, and body-size allometries. Species interactions include trophic, competitive, facilitative, and parasitic forms. Each data entry is temporally and spatially explicit. The online data entry interface allows researchers anywhere to contribute and access information. Quality control is facilitated by attributing each entry to unique contributor identities and source citations. The database has proven useful as an archive of species and ecosystem-specific information in the development of several ecological network models, for informing management actions, and for education purposes (e.g., undergraduate and graduate training). To facilitate adaptation of the database by other researches for other ecosystems, the code and technical details on how to customize this database and apply it to other ecosystems are freely available and located at the following link (https://github.com/kelpforest-cameo/data​baseui).

  20. An online database for informing ecological network models: http://kelpforest.ucsc.edu.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beas-Luna, Rodrigo; Novak, Mark; Carr, Mark H; Tinker, Martin T; Black, August; Caselle, Jennifer E; Hoban, Michael; Malone, Dan; Iles, Alison

    2014-01-01

    Ecological network models and analyses are recognized as valuable tools for understanding the dynamics and resiliency of ecosystems, and for informing ecosystem-based approaches to management. However, few databases exist that can provide the life history, demographic and species interaction information necessary to parameterize ecological network models. Faced with the difficulty of synthesizing the information required to construct models for kelp forest ecosystems along the West Coast of North America, we developed an online database (http://kelpforest.ucsc.edu/) to facilitate the collation and dissemination of such information. Many of the database's attributes are novel yet the structure is applicable and adaptable to other ecosystem modeling efforts. Information for each taxonomic unit includes stage-specific life history, demography, and body-size allometries. Species interactions include trophic, competitive, facilitative, and parasitic forms. Each data entry is temporally and spatially explicit. The online data entry interface allows researchers anywhere to contribute and access information. Quality control is facilitated by attributing each entry to unique contributor identities and source citations. The database has proven useful as an archive of species and ecosystem-specific information in the development of several ecological network models, for informing management actions, and for education purposes (e.g., undergraduate and graduate training). To facilitate adaptation of the database by other researches for other ecosystems, the code and technical details on how to customize this database and apply it to other ecosystems are freely available and located at the following link (https://github.com/kelpforest-cameo/databaseui).

  1. Stemcell Information: SKIP000326 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available of Neurology, University of Massachusetts Medical School Department of Neurology,... University of Massachusetts Medical School ... Information Only Department of Neurology, University of Massachusetts Medical School... Department of Neurology, University of Massachusetts Medical School ... 23836290 1

  2. An Examination of Job Skills Posted on Internet Databases: Implications for Information Systems Degree Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xia; Liu, Lai C.; Koong, Kai S.; Lu, June

    2003-01-01

    Analysis of 300 information technology job postings in two Internet databases identified the following skill categories: programming languages (Java, C/C++, and Visual Basic were most frequent); website development (57% sought SQL and HTML skills); databases (nearly 50% required Oracle); networks (only Windows NT or wide-area/local-area networks);…

  3. National Databases with Information on College Students with Disabilities. NCCSD Research Brief. Volume 1, Issue 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avellone, Lauren; Scott, Sally

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of this research brief was to identify and provide an overview of national databases containing information about college students with disabilities. Eleven instruments from federal and university-based sources were described. Databases reflect a variety of survey methods, respondents, definitions of disability, and research questions.…

  4. A proposal for a drug information database and text templates for generating package inserts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okuya, Ryo; Kimura, Masaomi; Ohkura, Michiko; Tsuchiya, Fumito

    2013-01-01

    To prevent prescription errors caused by information systems, a database to store complete and accurate drug information in a user-friendly format is needed. In previous studies, the primary method for obtaining data stored in a database is to extract drug information from package inserts by employing pattern matching or more sophisticated methods such as text mining. However, it is difficult to obtain a complete database because there is no strict rule concerning expressions used to describe drug information in package inserts. The authors' strategy was to first build a database and then automatically generate package inserts by embedding data in the database using templates. To create this database, the support of pharmaceutical companies to input accurate data is required. It is expected that this system will work, because these companies can earn merit for newly developed drugs to decrease the effort to create package inserts from scratch. This study designed the table schemata for the database and text templates to generate the package inserts. To handle the variety of drug-specific information in the package inserts, this information in drug composition descriptions was replaced with labels and the replacement descriptions utilizing cluster analysis were analyzed. To improve the method by which frequently repeated ingredient information and/or supplementary information are stored, the method was modified by introducing repeat tags in the templates to indicate repetition and improving the insertion of data into the database. The validity of this method was confirmed by inputting the drug information described in existing package inserts and checking that the method could regenerate the descriptions in the original package insert. In future research, the table schemata and text templates will be extended to regenerate other information in the package inserts.

  5. Intelligent techniques applied in identifying fraudsters industrial consumers of electricity; Tecnicas inteligentes aplicadas na identificacao de consumidores industriais fraudadores de energia eletrica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ramos, Caio C.O.; Souza, Andre N. de; Pereira, Lucas I.; Gastaldello, Danilo S. [Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Bauru, SP (Brazil). Dept. de Engenharia Eletrica], Emails: caioramos@gmail.com, andrejau@feb.unesp.br, ra510611@feb.unesp.br, danilosg@feb.unesp.br; Zago, Maria G. [Universidade de Sao Paulo (EP/USP), SP (Brazil) Escola Politecnica], Email: mgzago@usp.br; Papa, Joao P. [Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Bauru, SP (Brazil). Dept. da Computacao], Email: papa.joaopaulo@gmail.com

    2009-07-01

    The development of a computational intelligent tools based on neural network to identify commercial losses or fraud (theft energy), considering information from a database electric utility, is presented.

  6. Information Management for Intelligent Retail Environment: The Shelf Detector System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emanuele Frontoni

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Shelf-out-of-stock is one of the leading motivations of technology innovation in the shelf of the future. The Shelf Detector project described in this paper aims to solve the problem of data knowledge in the shelf-out-of-stock problem. This paper is mainly focused on the information layer of the system and main novelties illustrated in this work are in the information field demonstrating the huge number of insights that can be derived from the use of such a tool able to gather data in real time from the store. The tool presented is the first being installed for a long time in a high number of stores and products, demonstrating the ability to gather data and extract interesting insights. This paper aims to demonstrate the feasibility and the scalability of our system in providing a high number of data and interesting insights for store and marketing teams. The cloud based architecture developed and tested in this project is a key feature of our system together with the ability to collect data from a distributed sensor network.

  7. 12th International Conference on Intelligent Information Hiding and Multimedia Signal Processing

    CERN Document Server

    Tsai, Pei-Wei; Huang, Hsiang-Cheh

    2017-01-01

    This volume of Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies contains accepted papers presented in IIH-MSP-2016, the 12th International Conference on Intelligent Information Hiding and Multimedia Signal Processing. The conference this year was technically co-sponsored by Tainan Chapter of IEEE Signal Processing Society, Fujian University of Technology, Chaoyang University of Technology, Taiwan Association for Web Intelligence Consortium, Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory of Big Data Mining and Applications (Fujian University of Technology), and Harbin Institute of Technology Shenzhen Graduate School. IIH-MSP 2016 is held in 21-23, November, 2016 in Kaohsiung, Taiwan. The conference is an international forum for the researchers and professionals in all areas of information hiding and multimedia signal processing. .

  8. Experimental information - RED | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ba.nbdc00315-003 Description of data contents Detailed information of the experiment of each array glass. Da...ta file File name: red_experiment_info.zip File URL: ftp://ftp.biosciencedbc.jp/archive/red/LATEST/red_experiment... 2,158 entries Data item Description Info ID ID of the experimental information Research ID Research ID (Sub...rsion) g : Rice8987 g_array (Full insert version) others : Other types blank : Unknown glass ID Array glass ID experiment..._info.zip File size: 20.3 KB Simple search URL http://togodb.biosciencedbc.jp/togodb/view/red_experim

  9. [Progress and prospects of research on information processing techniques for intelligent diagnosis of traditional Chinese medicine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Chang-Le; Zhang, Zhi-Feng

    2006-11-01

    Information processing for intelligent diagnosis of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), an important part of the modernization of Chinese medicine, attracts world wide attention from the science circle. This article presents a systematic introduction to the development of information technology, especially the processing of pulse and tongue images and systems of computer-aided Chinese medical diagnosis. Furthermore, it points out four essential areas of future research, including epistemic logic system of syndrome differentiation, system construction technology, data miming technology and information acquisition and analysis in TCM diagnosis.

  10. Data Mining and Information Technology: Its Impact on Intelligence Collection and Privacy Rights

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-26

    Modern Information Technology (IT) has radically magnified the capability and power of data mining . At a time when the threat environment has shifted...in emphasis to COIN, terrorism, and cyber war, IT-enhanced data mining capabilities could provide some of the critical intelligence demanded by these...threatened. This paper establishes the intersection between the capability and need for data mining and the suitability of existing policy to enable its

  11. 1st International Conference on Information and Communication Technology for Intelligent Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Das, Swagatam

    2017-01-01

    This volume contains 59 papers presented at ICTIS 2015: International Conference on Information and Communication Technology for Intelligent Systems. The conference was held during 28th and 29th November, 2015, Ahmedabad, India and organized communally by Venus International College of Technology, Association of Computer Machinery, Ahmedabad Chapter and Supported by Computer Society of India Division IV – Communication and Division V – Education and Research. This volume contains papers mainly focused on ICT for Computation, Algorithms and Data Analytics etc.

  12. Intelligent acoustic data fusion technique for information security analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Ying; Tang, Yize; Lu, Wenda; Wang, Zhongfeng; Wang, Zepeng; Zhang, Luming

    2017-08-01

    Tone is an essential component of word formation in all tonal languages, and it plays an important role in the transmission of information in speech communication. Therefore, tones characteristics study can be applied into security analysis of acoustic signal by the means of language identification, etc. In speech processing, fundamental frequency (F0) is often viewed as representing tones by researchers of speech synthesis. However, regular F0 values may lead to low naturalness in synthesized speech. Moreover, F0 and tone are not equivalent linguistically; F0 is just a representation of a tone. Therefore, the Electroglottography (EGG) signal is collected for deeper tones characteristics study. In this paper, focusing on the Northern Kam language, which has nine tonal contours and five level tone types, we first collected EGG and speech signals from six natural male speakers of the Northern Kam language, and then achieved the clustering distributions of the tone curves. After summarizing the main characteristics of tones of Northern Kam, we analyzed the relationship between EGG and speech signal parameters, and laid the foundation for further security analysis of acoustic signal.

  13. Competitive Intelligence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergeron, Pierrette; Hiller, Christine A.

    2002-01-01

    Reviews the evolution of competitive intelligence since 1994, including terminology and definitions and analytical techniques. Addresses the issue of ethics; explores how information technology supports the competitive intelligence process; and discusses education and training opportunities for competitive intelligence, including core competencies…

  14. Stemcell Information: SKIP000327 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available o Fen-Biao Gao Department of Neurology, University of Massachusetts Medical School Department of Neurology, ...University of Massachusetts Medical School ... Information Only Department of Neu...rology, University of Massachusetts Medical School Department of Neurology, University of Massachusetts Medical School

  15. Stemcell Information: SKIP000325 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available en-Biao Gao Department of Neurology, University of Massachusetts Medical School Department of Neurology, Uni...versity of Massachusetts Medical School ... Information Only Department of Neurol...ogy, University of Massachusetts Medical School Department of Neurology, University of Massachusetts Medical School

  16. Stemcell Information: SKIP000324 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available en-Biao Gao Department of Neurology, University of Massachusetts Medical School Department of Neurology, Uni...versity of Massachusetts Medical School ... Information Only Department of Neurol...ogy, University of Massachusetts Medical School Department of Neurology, University of Massachusetts Medical School

  17. Stemcell Information: SKIP000857 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Videnska 1083, 142 20 Prague 4, Czech Republic ... Department of Neu...roscience, Institute of Experimental Medicine, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic..., Videnska 1083, 142 20 Prague 4, Czech Republic ... Information Only ... 26696415 10.1186/s13287

  18. Stemcell Information: SKIP001065 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available boratory of Regenerative Biology, South China Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine Key ...Laboratory of Regenerative Biology, South China Institute for Stem Cell Biology a...nd Regenerative Medicine ... Information Only Key Laboratory of Regenerative Biology, South China Institute for Stem Cell Biology... and Regenerative Medicine Key Laboratory of Regenerative Biology, South China Institute for Stem Cell Biology

  19. Stemcell Information: SKIP000766 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ngrui Ma Dongrui Ma Research and Development Unit (RDU), National Heart Centre Re...search and Development Unit (RDU), National Heart Centre Research and Development Unit (RDU), National Heart... Centre Research and Development Unit (RDU), National Heart Centre Reginald Liew Reginald Liew Information O

  20. Stemcell Information: SKIP000796 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ... Megumu K. Saito 齋藤 潤 ... Department of Clinical Application, Center for iPS Cell Research and Application ...(CiRA), Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 ... Information Only Department of Clinical

  1. Stemcell Information: SKIP000795 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ... Megumu K. Saito 齋藤 潤 ... Department of Clinical Application, Center for iPS Cell Research and Application (...CiRA), Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 ... Information Only Department of Clinical

  2. Stemcell Information: SKIP000818 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ... Noriyuki Tsumaki 妻木 範行 Center for iPS Cell Research and Application, Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 ... I...nformation Only Center for iPS Cell Research and Application, Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 https://www.cira

  3. Utility of databases and information technology in pediatric neurology.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Panigrahi I

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available Significant number of neurological patients in the pediatric age group have genetic and/or metabolic basis. It is difficult to remember details of each of them as their number is very large and the disorders are encountered infrequently. This impracticality necessitates the use of various websites and data base search. The internet has become a tool by which one can obtain and disseminate information. It has enhanced the medical person′s ability to know at the earliest the developments in different medical specialities. Furthermore, these rare disorders are being recognized on the basis of specialized tests available only at selected centres which deal with few of these disorders. Our objective is to provide pediatric neurologists easy access to the expanding body of medical information and also to make them aware of the advancements in information technology, which is likely to facilitate telemedicine as a future consultancy service. Information about these diseases can also be facilitated by e-consultations.

  4. Stemcell Information: SKIP001153 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available inshu University 信州大学 Shinshu University 信州大学 Yuji Shiba 柴 祐司 Information Only ... 27723741 10.1038/nature19815 Allogeneic transpl...antation of iPS cell-derived cardiomyocytes regenerates

  5. Stemcell Information: SKIP000921 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available s Differentiation to three germ layers Yes teratoma formation ... Tayaramma Thatava Tayaramma Thatava Department... of Molecular Medicine, Mayo Clinic Department of Molecular Medicin...e, Mayo Clinic ... Information Only Department of Molecular Medicine, Mayo Clinic Department of Molecular Me

  6. Stemcell Information: SKIP000917 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available formation ... Tayaramma Thatava Tayaramma Thatava Department of Molecular Medicine, Mayo Clinic Department... of Molecular Medicine, Mayo Clinic ... Information Only Department of M...olecular Medicine, Mayo Clinic Department of Molecular Medicine, Mayo Clinic ... 22142803 10.1186/scrt89 Su

  7. Stemcell Information: SKIP000920 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Yes Differentiation to three germ layers Yes teratoma formation ... Tayaramma Thatava Tayaramma Thatava Department... of Molecular Medicine, Mayo Clinic Department of Molecular Medic...ine, Mayo Clinic ... Information Only Department of Molecular Medicine, Mayo Clinic Department of Molecular

  8. Stemcell Information: SKIP000890 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available icient induction of transgene-free human pluripotent stem cells using a vector base...mi Fusaki 房木 ノエミ DNAVEC Corporation (株)IDファーマ ... Information Only ... 19838014 10.2183/pjab.85.348 Eff

  9. Stemcell Information: SKIP000622 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available al Hospital Center ... Information Only ... 18786420 10.1016/j.stem.2008.08.003 A high-efficiency system ...for the generation and study of human induced pluripotent stem cells. Maherali N, Ahfeldt T, Rigamonti A, Ut

  10. Stemcell Information: SKIP000977 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available qRT-PCR Rudolf Jaenisch Rudolf Jaenisch Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research Whitehead Institute for Biomedical... Research Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research ...Rudolf Jaenisch Rudolf Jaenisch Information Only Whitehead Institute for Biomedical... Research Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research ... 24936472 10.1016/j.stemcr.2014.03.014 Genetic a

  11. Stemcell Information: SKIP000695 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available outhern blot analysis Yes ... Rudolf Jaenisch Rudolf Jaenisch Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research Whi...tehead Institute for Biomedical Research Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research Whitehead Institute for Biomedical... Research Rudolf Jaenisch Rudolf Jaenisch Information Only Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Res...earch Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research ... 24936472 10.1016/j.stemcr.

  12. Stemcell Information: SKIP000696 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available outhern blot analysis Yes ... Rudolf Jaenisch Rudolf Jaenisch Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research Whi...tehead Institute for Biomedical Research Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research Whitehead Institute for Biomedical... Research Rudolf Jaenisch Rudolf Jaenisch Information Only Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Res...earch Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research ... 24936472 10.1016/j.stemcr.

  13. Stemcell Information: SKIP000980 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available es ... Yes qRT-PCR Rudolf Jaenisch Rudolf Jaenisch Whitehead Institute for Biomedical... Research Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research Whitehead Institute for Biomedical... Research Rudolf Jaenisch Rudolf Jaenisch Information Only Whitehead Institute for Biomedical... Research Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research ... 24936472 10.1016/j.stemcr.2014.03.014 G

  14. Stemcell Information: SKIP000694 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available outhern blot analysis Yes ... Rudolf Jaenisch Rudolf Jaenisch Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research Whi...tehead Institute for Biomedical Research Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research Whitehead Institute for Biomedical... Research Rudolf Jaenisch Rudolf Jaenisch Information Only Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Res...earch Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research ... 24936472 10.1016/j.stemcr.

  15. Stemcell Information: SKIP000700 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available lf Jaenisch Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research Whitehead Institute for Biomedica...l Research Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research R...udolf Jaenisch Rudolf Jaenisch Information Only Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research Whitehead Institute for Biomedical

  16. Stemcell Information: SKIP000978 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available qRT-PCR Rudolf Jaenisch Rudolf Jaenisch Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research Whitehead Institute for Biomedical... Research Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research ...Rudolf Jaenisch Rudolf Jaenisch Information Only Whitehead Institute for Biomedical... Research Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research ... 24936472 10.1016/j.stemcr.2014.03.014 Genetic a

  17. Stemcell Information: SKIP000698 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available lf Jaenisch Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research Whitehead Institute for Biomedica...l Research Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research R...udolf Jaenisch Rudolf Jaenisch Information Only Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research Whitehead Institute for Biomedical

  18. Stemcell Information: SKIP000979 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ot analysis Yes ... Yes qRT-PCR Rudolf Jaenisch Rudolf Jaenisch Whitehead Institute for Biomedical... Research Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Resea...rch Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research Rudolf Jaenisch Rudolf Jaenisch Information Only Whitehead Institute for Biomedical... Research Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research ... 24936472 10.1016/j.stemcr.

  19. Stemcell Information: SKIP000983 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available RT-PCR Rudolf Jaenisch Rudolf Jaenisch Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Researc...h Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research Whitehead Institute for Biomedical... Research Rudolf Jaenisch Rudolf Jaenisch Information Only Whitehead Institute for Biomedical... Research Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research ... 24936472 10.1016/j.st

  20. Stemcell Information: SKIP000981 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available RT-PCR Rudolf Jaenisch Rudolf Jaenisch Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Researc...h Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research Whitehead Institute for Biomedical... Research Rudolf Jaenisch Rudolf Jaenisch Information Only Whitehead Institute for Biomedical... Research Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research ... 24936472 10.1016/j.st

  1. Stemcell Information: SKIP000976 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Jaenisch Rudolf Jaenisch Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Rese...arch Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research Rudolf Jaenisch... Rudolf Jaenisch Information Only Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research Whi...tehead Institute for Biomedical Research ... 24936472 10.1016/j.stemcr.2014.03.014 Genetic and chemical cor

  2. Stemcell Information: SKIP000982 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available RT-PCR Rudolf Jaenisch Rudolf Jaenisch Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Researc...h Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research Whitehead Institute for Biomedical... Research Rudolf Jaenisch Rudolf Jaenisch Information Only Whitehead Institute for Biomedical... Research Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research ... 24936472 10.1016/j.st

  3. Stemcell Information: SKIP000697 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Southern blot analysis Yes ... Rudolf Jaenisch Rudolf Jaenisch Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research W...hitehead Institute for Biomedical Research Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research Whitehead Institute for Biomedical... Research Rudolf Jaenisch Rudolf Jaenisch Information Only Whitehead Institute for Biomedical R...esearch Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research ... 24936472 10.1016/j.stemc

  4. Stemcell Information: SKIP000975 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Jaenisch Rudolf Jaenisch Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Rese...arch Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research Rudolf Jaenisch... Rudolf Jaenisch Information Only Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research Whi...tehead Institute for Biomedical Research ... 24936472 10.1016/j.stemcr.2014.03.014 Genetic and chemical cor

  5. Stemcell Information: SKIP000699 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available lf Jaenisch Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research Whitehead Institute for Biomedica...l Research Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research R...udolf Jaenisch Rudolf Jaenisch Information Only Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research Whitehead Institute for Biomedical

  6. Stemcell Information: SKIP000318 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available v Sareen--Allison D. Ebert Dhruv Sareen--Allison D. Ebert Regenerative Medicine Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center --Medical... College of Wisconsin Regenerative Medicine Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical... Center--Medical College of Wisconsin ... Information Only Regenerative Medicine Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical... Center ... Regenerative Medicine Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center ... 22723941 10.13

  7. Stemcell Information: SKIP000912 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ing ... Yes Teratoma formation ... Salvatore Iovino Salvatore Iovino Harvard Medical School Harvar...d Medical School Harvard Medical School Harvard Medical School C. Ronald Kahn C. Ro...nald Kahn Information Only Harvard Medical School Harvard Medical School ... 26831110 10.1073/pnas.15256651

  8. Stemcell Information: SKIP000815 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 範行 Center for iPS Cell Research and Application, Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 ... Information Only Center f...or iPS Cell Research and Application, Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 https://www.c

  9. Stemcell Information: SKIP000816 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 木 範行 Center for iPS Cell Research and Application, Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 ... Information Only Center... for iPS Cell Research and Application, Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 https://www

  10. Stemcell Information: SKIP000819 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Noriyuki Tsumaki 妻木 範行 Center for iPS Cell Research and Application, Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 ... Infor...mation Only Center for iPS Cell Research and Application, Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 https://www.cira.kyo

  11. Stemcell Information: SKIP000862 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available suke Okita 沖田 圭介 Center for iPS Cell Research and Application, Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 ... Information... Only Center for iPS Cell Research and Application, Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所

  12. Stemcell Information: SKIP001104 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ... Keisuke Okita 沖田 圭介 Center for iPS Cell Research and Application, Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 ... Info...rmation Only Center for iPS Cell Research and Application, Kyoto University 京都大学i

  13. Stemcell Information: SKIP000863 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available a 沖田 圭介 Center for iPS Cell Research and Application, Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 ... Information Only Cen...ter for iPS Cell Research and Application, Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 ... 231

  14. Stemcell Information: SKIP001098 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available formation ... No ... Minoru Okada 岡田 稔 Center for iPS Cell Research and Application..., Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 ... Information Only Center for iPS Cell Research and Application,Kyo

  15. Stemcell Information: SKIP000798 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available cation, Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 ... Information Only Center for iPS Cell Research and Application...lysis Yes ... Yes Teratoma formation ... No ... Minoru Okada 岡田 稔 Center for iPS Cell Research and Appli

  16. Stemcell Information: SKIP001096 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ion ... No ... Minoru Okada 岡田 稔 Center for iPS Cell Research and Application..., Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 ... Information Only Center for iPS Cell Research and Application,Kyoto Uni

  17. Stemcell Information: SKIP000817 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available atoma formation ... Noriyuki Tsumaki 妻木 範行 Center for iPS Cell Research and Application, Kyoto Uni...versity 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 ... Information Only Center for iPS Cell Research and Application

  18. Stemcell Information: SKIP001100 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available formation ... No ... Minoru Okada 岡田 稔 Center for iPS Cell Research and Application..., Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 ... Information Only Center for iPS Cell Research and Application,Kyo

  19. Stemcell Information: SKIP001097 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ion ... No ... Minoru Okada 岡田 稔 Center for iPS Cell Research and Application..., Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 ... Information Only Center for iPS Cell Research and Application,Kyoto Uni

  20. Stemcell Information: SKIP000860 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 沖田 圭介 Center for iPS Cell Research and Application, Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 ... Information Only Cente...r for iPS Cell Research and Application, Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 ... 23193

  1. Educational Programs for Intelligence Professionals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Jerry P.

    1994-01-01

    Discusses the need for education programs for competitive intelligence professionals. Highlights include definitions of intelligence functions, focusing on business intelligence; information utilization by decision makers; information sources; competencies for intelligence professionals; and the development of formal education programs. (38…

  2. ACCOUNTING INFORMATION SYSTEMS: AN APPROACH FOCUSED ON OBJECTS WITH INTELLIGENT AGENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Botelho da Costa Moraes

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Accounting aims at the treatment of information related to economic events within organizations. In order to do so, the double entry method is used (debt and credit accounting, which only considers monetary variations. With the development of information technologies, accounting information systems are born. In the 1980’s, the REA model (economic Resources, economic Events and economic Agents is created, which focuses on accounting information records, based on the association of economic resources, economic events and economic agents. The objective of this work is to demonstrate an object-oriented modeling with intelligent agents use, for information development and analysis focused on users. The proposed model is also analyzed according to accounting information quality, necessary for accounting information users, capable to comply with the needs of different user groups, with advantages in applications.

  3. Mapping Information - JSNP | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available English ]; } else { document.getElementById(lang).innerHTML= '[ Japanese | English ]'; } } window.onload = ...e snp (-1: no frequency information) from JSNP freq_major major allele frequency of the snp from JSNP chr chromo...some number that the snp is mapped chr_start start position of the snp in the chromo...some chr_end end position of the snp in the chromosome chr_direct direction of the flanking sequences against the chromo

  4. Stemcell Information: SKIP001178 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available te, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA. Stanford Cardiovascular Institute, Stanford University School...ascular Institute, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA. Stanford Cardiovascula...r Institute, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA. Paul W Burridge Paul W Burri...dge Information Only Stanford Cardiovascular Institute, Stanford University School... of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA. Stanford Cardiovascular Institute, Stanford University School of M

  5. Stemcell Information: SKIP001180 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available d Cardiovascular Institute, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA. Stanford Card...iovascular Institute, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, Californi...a, USA. Stanford Cardiovascular Institute, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA.... Stanford Cardiovascular Institute, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA. Paul... W Burridge Paul W Burridge Information Only Stanford Cardiovascular Institute, Stanford University School

  6. Stemcell Information: SKIP001184 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available d Cardiovascular Institute, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA. Stanford Card...iovascular Institute, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, Californi...a, USA. Stanford Cardiovascular Institute, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA.... Stanford Cardiovascular Institute, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA. Paul... W Burridge Paul W Burridge Information Only Stanford Cardiovascular Institute, Stanford University School

  7. Stemcell Information: SKIP001183 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ool of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA. Stanford Cardiovascular Institute, Stanford University School...cular Institute, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA. Stanford Cardiovascular ...Institute, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA. Paul W Burridge Paul W Burridg...e Information Only Stanford Cardiovascular Institute, Stanford University School ...of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA. Stanford Cardiovascular Institute, Stanford University School of Med

  8. Stemcell Information: SKIP001181 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ovascular Institute, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA. Stanford Cardiovascu...lar Institute, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA.... Stanford Cardiovascular Institute, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA. Stanf...ord Cardiovascular Institute, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA. Paul W Burr...idge Paul W Burridge Information Only Stanford Cardiovascular Institute, Stanford University School

  9. Stemcell Information: SKIP001179 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available te, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA. Stanford Cardiovascular Institute, Stanford University School...ascular Institute, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA. Stanford Cardiovascula...r Institute, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA. Paul W Burridge Paul W Burri...dge Information Only Stanford Cardiovascular Institute, Stanford University School... of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA. Stanford Cardiovascular Institute, Stanford University School of M

  10. Stemcell Information: SKIP000575 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available i Masataka Hosoi Department of Hematology and Oncology, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo Dep...artment of Hematology and Oncology, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo Department of Hematolog...y and Oncology, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo Department of He...matology and Oncology, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo Mineo Kurowaka Mineo Kurowaka Inform

  11. Stemcell Information: SKIP000648 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available staining and immunocytochemistry ... No ... Yes ... Tsuyoshi Fujioka 藤岡 剛 RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学研...究所バイオリソースセンター RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学研究所バイオリソースセンター Yukio Nakamura 中村 幸夫 Information Only RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学

  12. Stemcell Information: SKIP000646 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ing and immunocytochemistry ... No ... Yes ... Tsuyoshi Fujioka 藤岡 剛 RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学研究所バイオリ...ソースセンター RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学研究所バイオリソースセンター Yukio Nakamura 中村 幸夫 Information Only RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学

  13. Stemcell Information: SKIP000686 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Analysis Hidemasa Oh 王 英正 Department of Regenerative Medicine, Center for Innovative Clinical Medicine, Okay...cine, Center for Innovative Clinical Medicine, Okayama University Hospital 岡山大学病院 新医療研究開発センター 再生医療部門 Hidemas...a Oh 王 英正 Information Only Department of Regenerative Medicine, Center for Innovative Clinical Medicine, Oka

  14. Stemcell Information: SKIP000688 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Analysis Hidemasa Oh 王 英正 Department of Regenerative Medicine, Center for Innovative Clinical Medicine, Okay...cine, Center for Innovative Clinical Medicine, Okayama University Hospital 岡山大学病院 新医療研究開発センター 再生医療部門 Hidemas...a Oh 王 英正 Information Only Department of Regenerative Medicine, Center for Innovative Clinical Medicine, Oka

  15. Stemcell Information: SKIP000685 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Analysis Hidemasa Oh 王 英正 Department of Regenerative Medicine, Center for Innovative Clinical Medicine, Okay...cine, Center for Innovative Clinical Medicine, Okayama University Hospital 岡山大学病院 新医療研究開発センター 再生医療部門 Hidemas...a Oh 王 英正 Information Only Department of Regenerative Medicine, Center for Innovative Clinical Medicine, Oka

  16. Stemcell Information: SKIP000689 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available n Analysis Hidemasa Oh 王 英正 Department of Regenerative Medicine, Center for Innovative Clinical Medicine, Ok...ayama University Hospital 岡山大学病院 新医療研究開発センター 再生医療部門 Department of Regenerative Medicine, Center for Innovative Clinical...asa Oh 王 英正 Information Only Department of Regenerative Medicine, Center for Innovative Clinical Medicine, O

  17. Stemcell Information: SKIP000684 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Analysis Hidemasa Oh 王 英正 Department of Regenerative Medicine, Center for Innovative Clinical Medicine, Okay...cine, Center for Innovative Clinical Medicine, Okayama University Hospital 岡山大学病院 新医療研究開発センター 再生医療部門 Hidemas...a Oh 王 英正 Information Only Department of Regenerative Medicine, Center for Innovative Clinical Medicine, Oka

  18. Stemcell Information: SKIP000687 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Analysis Hidemasa Oh 王 英正 Department of Regenerative Medicine, Center for Innovative Clinical Medicine, Okay...cine, Center for Innovative Clinical Medicine, Okayama University Hospital 岡山大学病院 新医療研究開発センター 再生医療部門 Hidemas...a Oh 王 英正 Information Only Department of Regenerative Medicine, Center for Innovative Clinical Medicine, Oka

  19. Stemcell Information: SKIP001168 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available iPS Cell Research and Application (CiRA), Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 Center for iPS Cell Research and Ap...plication (CiRA), Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 Yamanaka Shinya 山中 伸弥 Information Only ... 18035408 10.10

  20. Stemcell Information: SKIP001172 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available iPS Cell Research and Application (CiRA), Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 Center for iPS Cell Research and Ap...plication (CiRA), Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 Yamanaka Shinya 山中 伸弥 Information Only ... 18035408 10.10

  1. Stemcell Information: SKIP001175 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available iPS Cell Research and Application (CiRA), Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 Center for iPS Cell Research and Ap...plication (CiRA), Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 Yamanaka Shinya 山中 伸弥 Information Only ... 18035408 10.10

  2. Stemcell Information: SKIP001167 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available iPS Cell Research and Application (CiRA), Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 Center for iPS Cell Research and Ap...plication (CiRA), Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 Yamanaka Shinya 山中 伸弥 Information Only ... 18035408 10.10

  3. Stemcell Information: SKIP001164 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available iPS Cell Research and Application (CiRA), Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 Center for iPS Cell Research and Ap...plication (CiRA), Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 Yamanaka Shinya 山中 伸弥 Information Only ... 18035408 10.10

  4. Stemcell Information: SKIP001165 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available iPS Cell Research and Application (CiRA), Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 Center for iPS Cell Research and Ap...plication (CiRA), Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 Yamanaka Shinya 山中 伸弥 Information Only ... 18035408 10.10

  5. Stemcell Information: SKIP001162 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 山中 伸弥 Center for iPS Cell Research and Application (CiRA), Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 Center for iPS Cell... Research and Application (CiRA), Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 Yamanaka Shinya 山中 伸弥 Information Only ...

  6. Stemcell Information: SKIP001174 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available iPS Cell Research and Application (CiRA), Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 Center for iPS Cell Research and Ap...plication (CiRA), Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 Yamanaka Shinya 山中 伸弥 Information Only ... 18035408 10.10

  7. Stemcell Information: SKIP001185 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ... Steven M. Pollard, ... Peter Dirks et al. Steven M. Pollard, ... Peter Dirks et al. Arthur...pital for Sick Children, University of Toronto Arthur and Sonia Labatt Brain Tumor Research Center, Program ...in Developmental and Stem Cell Biology, The Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto ... Information Only Arthur...tal and Stem Cell Biology, The Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto Arthur and Sonia Labatt Bra

  8. Stemcell Information: SKIP001166 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available iPS Cell Research and Application (CiRA), Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 Center for iPS Cell Research and Ap...plication (CiRA), Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 Yamanaka Shinya 山中 伸弥 Information Only ... 18035408 10.10

  9. Stemcell Information: SKIP001158 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Shinya 山中 伸弥 Center for iPS Cell Research and Application (CiRA), Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 Center for iPS Cell Research and App...lication (CiRA), Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 Yamanaka Shinya 山中 伸弥 Information On

  10. Stemcell Information: SKIP001157 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Shinya 山中 伸弥 Center for iPS Cell Research and Application (CiRA), Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 Center for iPS Cell Research and App...lication (CiRA), Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 Yamanaka Shinya 山中 伸弥 Information On

  11. Stemcell Information: SKIP001159 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Shinya 山中 伸弥 Center for iPS Cell Research and Application (CiRA), Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 Center for iPS Cell Research and App...lication (CiRA), Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 Yamanaka Shinya 山中 伸弥 Information On

  12. Stemcell Information: SKIP000336 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available s (HDFs)(Coriell GMO00513)|same patient as vFOP2-1,vFOP2-2,eFOP2-3,eFOP2-8. FOP疾患者(Coriell GMO00513)由来iSP細胞。...究所 ... Information Only ... 24321451 10.1186/1750-1172-8-190 Induced pluripotent stem cells from patien

  13. Competitive Intelligence: Finding the Clues Online.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Combs, Richard; Moorhead, John

    1990-01-01

    Defines and discusses competitive intelligence for business decision making and suggests the use of online databases to start looking for relevant information. The best databases to use are described, designing the search strategy is explained, reviewing and editing results are discussed, and the presentation of results is considered. (LRW)

  14. Stemcell Information: SKIP000517 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ... Yohei Okada 岡田 洋平 Department of Physiology, Keio University School of Medicine 慶應義塾大学 医学部... 生理学教室 Department of Physiology, Keio University School of Medicine 慶應義塾大学 医学部 生理学教室 Hideyuki Okan...o 岡野 栄之 Information Only Department of Physiology, Keio University School of Medicine 慶應義塾大学 医学部 生理学教室 ...

  15. Stemcell Information: SKIP000835 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available yuki Okano 岡野栄之 Keio University, School of Medicine, Department of Physiology ... 慶應義塾大学 医学部... 生理学教室 Keio University, School of Medicine, Department of Physiology ... 慶應義塾大学 医学部 生理学教室 Hideyuki Okan...o 岡野栄之 Information Only Keio University, School of Medicine, Department of Physiology ... 慶應義塾大学 医学部 生理学教室 ...

  16. Stemcell Information: SKIP001130 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available of Medicine 慶應義塾大学医学部生理学教室 Department of Physiology, Keio University School of Medicine 慶應義塾大学医学部...生理学教室 Hideyuki Okano 岡野栄之 Information Only Department of Physiology, Keio University School of Medicine 慶應義塾大学医学部... ... Yes Giemsa banding ... Hideyuki Okano 岡野栄之 Department of Physiology, Keio University School

  17. Stemcell Information: SKIP000842 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available  栄之 Department of Physiology, Keio University School of Medicine 慶應義塾大学 医学部 生理学教室 Department of Physiology, Keio University School...iology, Keio University School of Medicine 慶應義塾大学 医学部 生理学教室 ... 26905201 10.1016/j.stemcr.2016.01.010 Funct... of Medicine 慶應義塾大学 医学部 生理学教室 Hideyuki Okano 岡野 栄之 Information Only Department of Phys

  18. Stemcell Information: SKIP000836 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available yuki Okano 岡野栄之 Keio University, School of Medicine, Department of Physiology ... 慶應義塾大学 医学部... 生理学教室 Keio University, School of Medicine, Department of Physiology ... 慶應義塾大学 医学部 生理学教室 Hideyuki Okan...o 岡野栄之 Information Only Keio University, School of Medicine, Department of Physiology ... 慶應義塾大学 医学部 生理学教室 ...

  19. Stemcell Information: SKIP000825 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ray Hideyuki Okano 岡野栄之 Keio University, School of Medicine, Department of Physiology ... 慶應義塾大学 医学部 生理学教室 Keio University, School... of Medicine, Department of Physiology ... 慶應義塾大学 医学部 生理学教室 Hideyuki Okano 岡野栄之 Information Only Keio University, Sch...ool of Medicine, Department of Physiology ... 慶應義塾大学 医学部 生理

  20. Stemcell Information: SKIP000834 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ... No ... Yes Microarray Hideyuki Okano 岡野栄之 Keio University, School of Medicine, Department of Physiology ... 慶應義塾大学 医学部... 生理学教室 Keio University, School of Medicine, Department of Physiology ... 慶應義塾大学 医学部... 生理学教室 Hideyuki Okano 岡野栄之 Information Only Keio University, School of Medicine, Department of Physiology ... 慶應義塾大学 医学部

  1. Stemcell Information: SKIP000514 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 岡野 栄之 Department of Physiology, Keio University School of Medicine 慶應義塾大学 医学部 生理学教室 Department of Physiology, Keio University School...ation Only Department of Physiology, Keio University School of Medicine 慶應義塾大学 医学部 生理学教室 ... 23039195--2493... of Medicine 慶應義塾大学 医学部 生理学教室 Hideyuki Okano 岡野 栄之 Inform

  2. Stemcell Information: SKIP000841 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 之 Department of Physiology, Keio University School of Medicine 慶應義塾大学 医学部 生理学教室 Department of Physiology, Keio University School... of Medicine 慶應義塾大学 医学部 生理学教室 Hideyuki Okano 岡野 栄之 Information Only Department of Physiology, Keio University Sch...ool of Medicine 慶應義塾大学 医学部 生理学教室 ... 26905201 10.1016/j.stemcr.2016.01.010 Functio

  3. Stemcell Information: SKIP000516 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ... Yohei Okada 岡田 洋平 Department of Physiology, Keio University School of Medicine 慶應義塾大学 医学部... 生理学教室 Department of Physiology, Keio University School of Medicine 慶應義塾大学 医学部 生理学教室 Hideyuki Oka...no 岡野 栄之 Information Only Department of Physiology, Keio University School of Medicine 慶應義塾大学 医学部 生理学教室 ...

  4. Stemcell Information: SKIP000833 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ... No ... Yes Microarray Hideyuki Okano 岡野栄之 Keio University, School of Medicine, Department of Physiology ... 慶應義塾大学 医学部... 生理学教室 Keio University, School of Medicine, Department of Physiology ... 慶應義塾大学 医学部... 生理学教室 Hideyuki Okano 岡野栄之 Information Only Keio University, School of Medicine, Department of Physiology ... 慶應義塾大学 医学部

  5. Stemcell Information: SKIP000518 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ... Yohei Okada 岡田 洋平 Department of Physiology, Keio University School of Medicine 慶應義塾大学 医学部... 生理学教室 Department of Physiology, Keio University School of Medicine 慶應義塾大学 医学部 生理学教室 Hideyuki O...kano 岡野 栄之 Information Only Department of Physiology, Keio University School of Medicine 慶應義塾大学 医学部 生理学教室 ...

  6. Stemcell Information: SKIP000520 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ... Yohei Okada 岡田 洋平 Department of Physiology, Keio University School of Medicine 慶應義塾大学 医学部... 生理学教室 Department of Physiology, Keio University School of Medicine 慶應義塾大学 医学部 生理学教室 Hideyuki O...kano 岡野 栄之 Information Only Department of Physiology, Keio University School of Medicine 慶應義塾大学 医学部 生理学教室 ...

  7. Stemcell Information: SKIP001129 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available of Medicine 慶應義塾大学医学部生理学教室 Department of Physiology, Keio University School of Medicine 慶應義塾大学医学部...生理学教室 Hideyuki Okano 岡野栄之 Information Only Department of Physiology, Keio University School of Medicine 慶應義塾大学医学部... ... Yes Giemsa banding ... Hideyuki Okano 岡野栄之 Department of Physiology, Keio University School

  8. Stemcell Information: SKIP000519 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ... Yohei Okada 岡田 洋平 Department of Physiology, Keio University School of Medicine 慶應義塾大学 医学部... 生理学教室 Department of Physiology, Keio University School of Medicine 慶應義塾大学 医学部 生理学教室 Hideyuki O...kano 岡野 栄之 Information Only Department of Physiology, Keio University School of Medicine 慶應義塾大学 医学部 生理学教室 ...

  9. Stemcell Information: SKIP001131 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available of Medicine 慶應義塾大学医学部生理学教室 Department of Physiology, Keio University School of Medicine 慶應義塾大学医学部...生理学教室 Hideyuki Okano 岡野栄之 Information Only Department of Physiology, Keio University School of Medicine 慶應義塾大学医学部... ... Yes Giemsa banding ... Hideyuki Okano 岡野栄之 Department of Physiology, Keio University School

  10. Stemcell Information: SKIP000515 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ... Yohei Okada 岡田 洋平 Department of Physiology, Keio University School of Medicine 慶應義塾大学 医学部... 生理学教室 Department of Physiology, Keio University School of Medicine 慶應義塾大学 医学部 生理学教室 Hideyuki Okan...o 岡野 栄之 Information Only Department of Physiology, Keio University School of Medicine 慶應義塾大学 医学部 生理学教室 ...

  11. Stemcell Information: SKIP000837 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ideyuki Okano 岡野栄之 Keio University, School of Medicine, Department of Physiology ... 慶應義塾大学 医学部... 生理学教室 Keio University, School of Medicine, Department of Physiology ... 慶應義塾大学 医学部 生理学教室 Hideyuki O...kano 岡野栄之 Information Only Keio University, School of Medicine, Department of Physiology ... 慶應義塾大学 医学部 生理学教室 ...

  12. Stemcell Information: SKIP000829 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ... Yes Microarray Hideyuki Okano 岡野栄之 Keio University, School of Medicine, Department of Physiology ... 慶應義塾大学 医学部... 生理学教室 Keio University, School of Medicine, Department of Physiology ... 慶應義塾大学 医学部 生理学教室 Hideyuki Okano 岡野...栄之 Information Only Keio University, School of Medicine, Department of Physiology ... 慶應義塾大学 医学部

  13. Stemcell Information: SKIP000831 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available of Medicine, Department of Physiology ... 慶應義塾大学 医学部 生理学教室 Keio University, School... of Medicine, Department of Physiology ... 慶應義塾大学 医学部 生理学教室 Hideyuki Okano 岡野栄之 Information Only Keio University, School... of Medicine, Department of Physiology ... 慶應義塾大学 医学部 生理学教室 ... 26905201 10.1016/j.st...F ... 3% Negative ... Yes ICC Yes neural differentiation ... No ... Yes Microarray Hideyuki Okano 岡野栄之 Keio University, School

  14. Stemcell Information: SKIP000867 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Jerome Mertens--Fred H. Gage Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center for Language Ability, Jiangsu Normal U...niversity--The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, Laboratory of Genetics Jiangsu Collaborative Innovatio...Biological Studies, Laboratory of Genetics Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center for Language Ability, Jia...ngsu Normal University--The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, Laboratory of Genetics Jiangsu Collaborat...nstitute for Biological Studies, Laboratory of Genetics Jun Yao--Fred H. Gage Jun Yao--Fred H. Gage Information Only Jiangsu Collabor

  15. Stemcell Information: SKIP000868 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Jerome Mertens--Fred H. Gage Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center for Language Ability, Jiangsu Normal U...niversity--The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, Laboratory of Genetics Jiangsu Collaborative Innovatio...Biological Studies, Laboratory of Genetics Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center for Language Ability, Jia...ngsu Normal University--The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, Laboratory of Genetics Jiangsu Collaborat...nstitute for Biological Studies, Laboratory of Genetics Jun Yao--Fred H. Gage Jun Yao--Fred H. Gage Information Only Jiangsu Collabor

  16. Stemcell Information: SKIP000866 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Jerome Mertens--Fred H. Gage Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center for Language Ability, Jiangsu Normal U...niversity--The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, Laboratory of Genetics Jiangsu Collaborative Innovatio...Biological Studies, Laboratory of Genetics Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center for Language Ability, Jia...ngsu Normal University--The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, Laboratory of Genetics Jiangsu Collaborat...nstitute for Biological Studies, Laboratory of Genetics Jun Yao--Fred H. Gage Jun Yao--Fred H. Gage Information Only Jiangsu Collabor

  17. Stemcell Information: SKIP000869 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Jerome Mertens--Fred H. Gage Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center for Language Ability, Jiangsu Normal U...niversity--The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, Laboratory of Genetics Jiangsu Collaborative Innovatio...Biological Studies, Laboratory of Genetics Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center for Language Ability, Jia...ngsu Normal University--The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, Laboratory of Genetics Jiangsu Collaborat...nstitute for Biological Studies, Laboratory of Genetics Jun Yao--Fred H. Gage Jun Yao--Fred H. Gage Information Only Jiangsu Collabor

  18. Stemcell Information: SKIP000562 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available nnear Caroline Kinnear Department of Pediatrics|and dDevelopmental and|Stem Cell Biology, Hospital|for Sick ...Children, University|of Toronto Department of Pediatricsand dDevelopmental andStem Cell Biology, Hospitalfor... Sick Children, Universityof Toronto Department of Pediatrics|and dDevelopmental and|Stem Cell Biology..., Hospital|for Sick Children, University|of Toronto Department of Pediatricsand dDevelopmental andStem Cell Biol...ogy, Hospitalfor Sick Children, Universityof Toronto Seema Mital Seema Mital Inform

  19. Stemcell Information: SKIP000561 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available nnear Caroline Kinnear Department of Pediatrics|and dDevelopmental and|Stem Cell Biology, Hospital|for Sick ...Children, University|of Toronto Department of Pediatricsand dDevelopmental andStem Cell Biology, Hospitalfor... Sick Children, Universityof Toronto Department of Pediatrics|and dDevelopmental and|Stem Cell Biology..., Hospital|for Sick Children, University|of Toronto Department of Pediatricsand dDevelopmental andStem Cell Biol...ogy, Hospitalfor Sick Children, Universityof Toronto Seema Mital Seema Mital Inform

  20. Stemcell Information: SKIP000655 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available lkaline phosphatase staining and immunocytochemistry ... No ... Yes ... Tsuyoshi Fujioka 藤岡 剛 RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学...研究所バイオリソースセンター RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学研究所バイオリソースセンター Yukio Nakamura 中村 幸夫 Information... Only RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学研究所バイオリソースセンター ... 20973836 10.1111/j.1749-077

  1. Stemcell Information: SKIP000653 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available lkaline phosphatase staining and immunocytochemistry ... Yes ... Tsuyoshi Fujioka 藤岡 剛 RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学...研究所バイオリソースセンター RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学研究所バイオリソースセンター Yukio Nakamura 中村 幸夫 Information O...nly RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学研究所バイオリソースセンター ... 20973836 10.1111/j.1749-0774.

  2. Stemcell Information: SKIP000657 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available lkaline phosphatase staining and immunocytochemistry ... No ... Yes ... Tsuyoshi Fujioka 藤岡 剛 RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学...研究所バイオリソースセンター RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学研究所バイオリソースセンター Yukio Nakamura 中村 幸夫 Information... Only RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学研究所バイオリソースセンター ... 20973836 10.1111/j.1749-077

  3. Stemcell Information: SKIP000645 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available kaline phosphatase staining and immunocytochemistry ... Yes ... Tsuyoshi Fujioka 藤岡 剛 RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学...研究所バイオリソースセンター RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学研究所バイオリソースセンター Yukio Nakamura 中村 幸夫 Information On...ly RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学研究所バイオリソースセンター ... 20973836 10.1111/j.1749-0774.2

  4. Stemcell Information: SKIP000661 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available lkaline phosphatase staining and immunocytochemistry ... No ... Yes ... Tsuyoshi Fujioka 藤岡 剛 RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学...研究所バイオリソースセンター RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学研究所バイオリソースセンター Yukio Nakamura 中村 幸夫 Information... Only RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学研究所バイオリソースセンター ... 20973836 10.1111/j.1749-077

  5. Stemcell Information: SKIP000656 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available lkaline phosphatase staining and immunocytochemistry ... No ... Yes ... Tsuyoshi Fujioka 藤岡 剛 RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学...研究所バイオリソースセンター RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学研究所バイオリソースセンター Yukio Nakamura 中村 幸夫 Information... Only RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学研究所バイオリソースセンター ... 20973836 10.1111/j.1749-077

  6. Stemcell Information: SKIP000649 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Fujioka 藤岡 剛 RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学研究所バイオリソースセンター RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学研究所バイオリソースセンター Yukio Na...kamura 中村 幸夫 Information Only RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学研究所バイオリソースセンター ... 209

  7. Stemcell Information: SKIP000651 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ujioka 藤岡 剛 RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学研究所バイオリソースセンター RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学研究所バイオリソースセンター Yukio Naka...mura 中村 幸夫 Information Only RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学研究所バイオリソースセンター ... 20973

  8. Stemcell Information: SKIP000660 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available lkaline phosphatase staining and immunocytochemistry ... No ... Yes ... Tsuyoshi Fujioka 藤岡 剛 RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学...研究所バイオリソースセンター RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学研究所バイオリソースセンター Yukio Nakamura 中村 幸夫 Information... Only RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学研究所バイオリソースセンター ... 20973836 10.1111/j.1749-077

  9. Stemcell Information: SKIP000658 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available lkaline phosphatase staining and immunocytochemistry ... No ... Yes ... Tsuyoshi Fujioka 藤岡 剛 RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学...研究所バイオリソースセンター RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学研究所バイオリソースセンター Yukio Nakamura 中村 幸夫 Information... Only RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学研究所バイオリソースセンター ... 20973836 10.1111/j.1749-077

  10. Stemcell Information: SKIP000647 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available staining and immunocytochemistry ... Yes Teratoma formation ... Yes ... Yes ... Tsuyoshi Fujioka 藤岡 剛 RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学...研究所バイオリソースセンター RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学研究所バイオリソースセンター Yukio Nakamura 中村 幸夫 Informat...ion Only RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学研究所バイオリソースセンター ... 20973836 10.1111/j.1749-

  11. Stemcell Information: SKIP000659 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available lkaline phosphatase staining and immunocytochemistry ... No ... Yes ... Tsuyoshi Fujioka 藤岡 剛 RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学...研究所バイオリソースセンター RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学研究所バイオリソースセンター Yukio Nakamura 中村 幸夫 Information... Only RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学研究所バイオリソースセンター ... 20973836 10.1111/j.1749-077

  12. Stemcell Information: SKIP000641 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Alkaline phosphatase staining and immunocytochemistry ... No ... Yes ... Tsuyoshi Fujioka 藤岡 剛 RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学...研究所バイオリソースセンター RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学研究所バイオリソースセンター Yukio Nakamura 中村 幸夫 Informati...on Only RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学研究所バイオリソースセンター ... 20973836 10.1111/j.1749-0

  13. Stemcell Information: SKIP000643 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available kaline phosphatase staining and immunocytochemistry ... Yes ... Tsuyoshi Fujioka 藤岡 剛 RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学...研究所バイオリソースセンター RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学研究所バイオリソースセンター Yukio Nakamura 中村 幸夫 Information On...ly RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学研究所バイオリソースセンター ... 20973836 10.1111/j.1749-0774.2

  14. Stemcell Information: SKIP000638 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Alkaline phosphatase staining and immunocytochemistry ... No ... Yes ... Tsuyoshi Fujioka 藤岡 剛 RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学...研究所バイオリソースセンター RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学研究所バイオリソースセンター Yukio Nakamura 中村 幸夫 Informati...on Only RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学研究所バイオリソースセンター ... 20973836 10.1111/j.1749-0

  15. Stemcell Information: SKIP000654 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ujioka 藤岡 剛 RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学研究所バイオリソースセンター RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学研究所バイオリソースセンター Yukio Naka...mura 中村 幸夫 Information Only RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学研究所バイオリソースセンター ... 20973

  16. Stemcell Information: SKIP000652 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available lkaline phosphatase staining and immunocytochemistry ... Yes ... Tsuyoshi Fujioka 藤岡 剛 RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学...研究所バイオリソースセンター RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学研究所バイオリソースセンター Yukio Nakamura 中村 幸夫 Information O...nly RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学研究所バイオリソースセンター ... 20973836 10.1111/j.1749-0774.

  17. Stemcell Information: SKIP000642 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available kaline phosphatase staining and immunocytochemistry ... Yes ... Tsuyoshi Fujioka 藤岡 剛 RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学...研究所バイオリソースセンター RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学研究所バイオリソースセンター Yukio Nakamura 中村 幸夫 Information On...ly RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学研究所バイオリソースセンター ... 20973836 10.1111/j.1749-0774.2

  18. Stemcell Information: SKIP000640 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Alkaline phosphatase staining and immunocytochemistry ... No ... Yes ... Tsuyoshi Fujioka 藤岡 剛 RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学...研究所バイオリソースセンター RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学研究所バイオリソースセンター Yukio Nakamura 中村 幸夫 Informatio...n Only RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学研究所バイオリソースセンター ... 20973836 10.1111/j.1749-07

  19. Stemcell Information: SKIP000637 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Alkaline phosphatase staining and immunocytochemistry ... Yes ... Yes ... Tsuyoshi Fujioka 藤岡 剛 RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学...研究所バイオリソースセンター RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学研究所バイオリソースセンター Yukio Nakamura 中村 幸夫 Informati...on Only RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学研究所バイオリソースセンター ... 20973836 10.1111/j.1749-0

  20. Stemcell Information: SKIP000650 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available lkaline phosphatase staining and immunocytochemistry ... No ... Yes ... Tsuyoshi Fujioka 藤岡 剛 RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学...研究所バイオリソースセンター RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学研究所バイオリソースセンター Yukio Nakamura 中村 幸夫 Information... Only RIKEN BioResource Center 理化学研究所バイオリソースセンター ... 20973836 10.1111/j.1749-077

  1. Stemcell Information: SKIP001095 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available line derived from a neonate.(1439 KURABO)| 新生児皮膚繊維芽細胞(1439 KURABO)由来iPS細胞 human ES-like Research ...on, Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 ... Information Only Center for iPS Cell Research and Application,Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞... SKIP001095 ... Normal WT-1-#1 WT-1-#1 ... 0-9 Male ... -- No Nomal human iPS cell...ling type II collagenopathy skeletal dysplasia by directed conversion and induced pluripotent stem cell

  2. Stemcell Information: SKIP000342 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available blasts (HDFs)|same patient as eFOP3-4 FOP疾患者由来iSP細胞。|エピソーマル・プラスミドを用いて作製。 -- Research Grade Plasmid Y4 ... Yes SNL feeder cell...s primate ES cell medium(ReproCELL) ... Yes Immunohistochemistry Ye...yoto University 京都大学 再生医科学研究所 ... Information Only ... 24321451 10.1186/1750-1172-8-190 Induced pluripotent stem cell

  3. Stemcell Information: SKIP000338 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available man dermal fibroblasts (HDFs)| FOP疾患者由来iSP細胞。|レトロウイルスを用いて作製。 -- Research Grade Retrovirus OCT4, SOX2, KLF4, c-MYC ... Yes SNL feeder cel...ls primate ES cell medium(ReproCELL) ... Yes RT-PCR ... Ye...佳久 Kyoto University 京都大学 再生医科学研究所 ... Information Only ... 24321451 10.1186/1750-1172-8-190 Induced pluripotent stem cell

  4. Stemcell Information: SKIP000826 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ray Hideyuki Okano 岡野栄之 Keio University, School of Medicine, Department of Physiology ... 慶應義塾大学 医学部 生理学教室 Keio... University, School of Medicine, Department of Physiology ... 慶應義塾大学 医学部 生理学教室 Hideyuki Okano 岡野栄之 Information ...Only Keio University, School of Medicine, Department of Physiology ... 慶應義塾大学 医学部 生理

  5. Stemcell Information: SKIP000830 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Hideyuki Okano 岡野栄之 Keio University, School of Medicine, Department of Physiology ... 慶應義塾大学 医学部 生理学教室 Keio Un...iversity, School of Medicine, Department of Physiology ... 慶應義塾大学 医学部 生理学教室 Hideyuki Okano 岡野栄之 Information Onl...y Keio University, School of Medicine, Department of Physiology ... 慶應義塾大学 医学部 生理学教室

  6. Stemcell Information: SKIP000821 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available No ... No ... Keisuke Okita 沖田 圭介 Center for iPS Cell Research and Application, Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 ...Center for iPS Cell Research and Application, Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 Shiny...a Yamanaka 山中伸弥 Information Only Center for iPS Cell Research and Application, Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所

  7. Stemcell Information: SKIP000823 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available suke Okita 沖田 圭介 Center for iPS Cell Research and Application, Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 Center for iPS ...Cell Research and Application, Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 Shinya Yamanaka 山中伸弥... Information Only Center for iPS Cell Research and Application, Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 http://www.cir

  8. Stemcell Information: SKIP000824 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available and ... No ... Keisuke Okita 沖田 圭介 Center for iPS Cell Research and Application, Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 ...Center for iPS Cell Research and Application, Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 Shiny...a Yamanaka 山中伸弥 Information Only Center for iPS Cell Research and Application, Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所

  9. Stemcell Information: SKIP000882 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Hokkaido University, Hokkaido 北海道大学 遺伝子病制御研究所 動物機能医科学研究室 ... Information Only Biomedical Animal Research Lab...say ... No ... Kyoko Miura 三浦恭子 Biomedical Animal Research Laboratory, Institute for Genetic Medicine, ...oratory, Institute for Genetic Medicine, Hokkaido University, Hokkaido 北海道大学 遺伝子病制御研究所 動物機能医科

  10. Stemcell Information: SKIP000887 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available netic Medicine, Hokkaido University, Hokkaido 北海道大学 遺伝子病制御研究所 動物機能医科学研究室 ... Information Only Biomedical Ani...say ... Yes G-band analyses ... Kyoko Miura 三浦恭子 Biomedical Animal Research Laboratory, Institute for Ge...kaido 北海道大学 遺伝子病制御研究所 動物機能医科学研究室 http://www.igm.hokudai.ac.jp/debanezumi/ ... 27161380 10.1038/ncomms11471 ...

  11. Stemcell Information: SKIP000883 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Hokkaido University, Hokkaido 北海道大学 遺伝子病制御研究所 動物機能医科学研究室 ... Information Only Biomedical Animal Research Lab...say ... No ... Kyoko Miura 三浦恭子 Biomedical Animal Research Laboratory, Institute for Genetic Medicine, ...oratory, Institute for Genetic Medicine, Hokkaido University, Hokkaido 北海道大学 遺伝子病制御研究所 動物機能医科

  12. Stemcell Information: SKIP000884 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Hokkaido University, Hokkaido 北海道大学 遺伝子病制御研究所 動物機能医科学研究室 ... Information Only Biomedical Animal Research Lab...say ... No ... Kyoko Miura 三浦恭子 Biomedical Animal Research Laboratory, Institute for Genetic Medicine, ...oratory, Institute for Genetic Medicine, Hokkaido University, Hokkaido 北海道大学 遺伝子病制御研究所 動物機能医科

  13. Stemcell Information: SKIP000880 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Hokkaido University, Hokkaido 北海道大学 遺伝子病制御研究所 動物機能医科学研究室 ... Information Only Biomedical Animal Research Lab...say ... No ... Kyoko Miura 三浦恭子 Biomedical Animal Research Laboratory, Institute for Genetic Medicine, ...oratory, Institute for Genetic Medicine, Hokkaido University, Hokkaido 北海道大学 遺伝子病制御研究所 動物機能医科

  14. Stemcell Information: SKIP000881 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Hokkaido University, Hokkaido 北海道大学 遺伝子病制御研究所 動物機能医科学研究室 ... Information Only Biomedical Animal Research Lab...say ... No ... Kyoko Miura 三浦恭子 Biomedical Animal Research Laboratory, Institute for Genetic Medicine, ...oratory, Institute for Genetic Medicine, Hokkaido University, Hokkaido 北海道大学 遺伝子病制御研究所 動物機能医科

  15. Stemcell Information: SKIP000879 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available kkaido University, Hokkaido 北海道大学 遺伝子病制御研究所 動物機能医科学研究室 ... Information Only Biomedical Animal Research Labor...y ... No ... Kyoko Miura 三浦恭子 Biomedical Animal Research Laboratory, Institute for Genetic Medicine, Ho...atory, Institute for Genetic Medicine, Hokkaido University, Hokkaido 北海道大学 遺伝子病制御研究所 動物機能医科

  16. Stemcell Information: SKIP000878 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available kkaido University, Hokkaido 北海道大学 遺伝子病制御研究所 動物機能医科学研究室 ... Information Only Biomedical Animal Research Labor...y ... No ... Kyoko Miura 三浦恭子 Biomedical Animal Research Laboratory, Institute for Genetic Medicine, Ho...atory, Institute for Genetic Medicine, Hokkaido University, Hokkaido 北海道大学 遺伝子病制御研究所 動物機能医科

  17. Stemcell Information: SKIP000885 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available chemistry Yes Teratomas forming assay ... Yes G-band analyses ... Kyoko Miura 三浦恭子 Biomedical Animal Res...学研究室 ... Information Only Biomedical Animal Research Laboratory, Institute for Genetic ...earch Laboratory, Institute for Genetic Medicine, Hokkaido University, Hokkaido 北海道大学 遺伝子病制御研究所 動物機能医科...Medicine, Hokkaido University, Hokkaido 北海道大学 遺伝子病制御研究所 動物機能医科学研究室 http://www.igm.hokudai.ac.jp/debanezumi/

  18. Stemcell Information: SKIP000886 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Hokkaido University, Hokkaido 北海道大学 遺伝子病制御研究所 動物機能医科学研究室 ... Information Only Biomedical Animal Research Lab...say ... No ... Kyoko Miura 三浦恭子 Biomedical Animal Research Laboratory, Institute for Genetic Medicine, ...oratory, Institute for Genetic Medicine, Hokkaido University, Hokkaido 北海道大学 遺伝子病制御研究所 動物機能医科

  19. Stemcell Information: SKIP000822 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Yes G-band ... Yes ... Keisuke Okita 沖田 圭介 Center for iPS Cell Research and Application, Kyoto University 京都大学i...PS細胞研究所 Center for iPS Cell Research and Application, Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研...究所 Shinya Yamanaka 山中伸弥 Information Only Center for iPS Cell Research and Application, Kyoto University 京都大学

  20. Stemcell Information: SKIP000343 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ficans progressiva (FOP) 135100 ... 10 10-19 Male ... Yes No hiPSC derived from primary human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs)|same patien...yoto University 京都大学 再生医科学研究所 ... Information Only ... 24321451 10.1186/1750-1172-8-190 Induced pluripotent stem cells from patien...t as eFOP3-2 FOP疾患者由来iSP細胞。|エピソーマル・プラスミドを用いて作製。 -- Research Grade Plasmid Y4 ... Yes S

  1. Database search for safety information on cosmetic ingredients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pauwels, Marleen; Rogiers, Vera

    2007-12-01

    Ethical considerations with respect to experimental animal use and regulatory testing are worldwide under heavy discussion and are, in certain cases, taken up in legislative measures. The most explicit example is the European cosmetic legislation, establishing a testing ban on finished cosmetic products since 11 September 2004 and enforcing that the safety of a cosmetic product is assessed by taking into consideration "the general toxicological profile of the ingredients, their chemical structure and their level of exposure" (OJ L151, 32-37, 23 June 1993; OJ L066, 26-35, 11 March 2003). Therefore the availability of referenced and reliable information on cosmetic ingredients becomes a dire necessity. Given the high-speed progress of the World Wide Web services and the concurrent drastic increase in free access to information, identification of relevant data sources and evaluation of the scientific value and quality of the retrieved data, are crucial. Based upon own practical experience, a survey is put together of freely and commercially available data sources with their individual description, field of application, benefits and drawbacks. It should be mentioned that the search strategies described are equally useful as a starting point for any quest for safety data on chemicals or chemical-related substances in general.

  2. The Coral Trait Database, a curated database of trait information for coral species from the global oceans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madin, Joshua S.; Anderson, Kristen D.; Andreasen, Magnus Heide; Bridge, Tom C. L.; Cairns, Stephen D.; Connolly, Sean R.; Darling, Emily S.; Diaz, Marcela; Falster, Daniel S.; Franklin, Erik C.; Gates, Ruth D.; Hoogenboom, Mia O.; Huang, Danwei; Keith, Sally A.; Kosnik, Matthew A.; Kuo, Chao-Yang; Lough, Janice M.; Lovelock, Catherine E.; Luiz, Osmar; Martinelli, Julieta; Mizerek, Toni; Pandolfi, John M.; Pochon, Xavier; Pratchett, Morgan S.; Putnam, Hollie M.; Roberts, T. Edward; Stat, Michael; Wallace, Carden C.; Widman, Elizabeth; Baird, Andrew H.

    2016-03-01

    Trait-based approaches advance ecological and evolutionary research because traits provide a strong link to an organism’s function and fitness. Trait-based research might lead to a deeper understanding of the functions of, and services provided by, ecosystems, thereby improving management, which is vital in the current era of rapid environmental change. Coral reef scientists have long collected trait data for corals; however, these are difficult to access and often under-utilized in addressing large-scale questions. We present the Coral Trait Database initiative that aims to bring together physiological, morphological, ecological, phylogenetic and biogeographic trait information into a single repository. The database houses species- and individual-level data from published field and experimental studies alongside contextual data that provide important framing for analyses. In this data descriptor, we release data for 56 traits for 1547 species, and present a collaborative platform on which other trait data are being actively federated. Our overall goal is for the Coral Trait Database to become an open-source, community-led data clearinghouse that accelerates coral reef research.

  3. The Coral Trait Database, a curated database of trait information for coral species from the global oceans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madin, Joshua S.; Anderson, Kristen D.; Andreasen, Magnus Heide; Bridge, Tom C.L.; Cairns, Stephen D.; Connolly, Sean R.; Darling, Emily S.; Diaz, Marcela; Falster, Daniel S.; Franklin, Erik C.; Gates, Ruth D.; Hoogenboom, Mia O.; Huang, Danwei; Keith, Sally A.; Kosnik, Matthew A.; Kuo, Chao-Yang; Lough, Janice M.; Lovelock, Catherine E.; Luiz, Osmar; Martinelli, Julieta; Mizerek, Toni; Pandolfi, John M.; Pochon, Xavier; Pratchett, Morgan S.; Putnam, Hollie M.; Roberts, T. Edward; Stat, Michael; Wallace, Carden C.; Widman, Elizabeth; Baird, Andrew H.

    2016-01-01

    Trait-based approaches advance ecological and evolutionary research because traits provide a strong link to an organism’s function and fitness. Trait-based research might lead to a deeper understanding of the functions of, and services provided by, ecosystems, thereby improving management, which is vital in the current era of rapid environmental change. Coral reef scientists have long collected trait data for corals; however, these are difficult to access and often under-utilized in addressing large-scale questions. We present the Coral Trait Database initiative that aims to bring together physiological, morphological, ecological, phylogenetic and biogeographic trait information into a single repository. The database houses species- and individual-level data from published field and experimental studies alongside contextual data that provide important framing for analyses. In this data descriptor, we release data for 56 traits for 1547 species, and present a collaborative platform on which other trait data are being actively federated. Our overall goal is for the Coral Trait Database to become an open-source, community-led data clearinghouse that accelerates coral reef research. PMID:27023900

  4. Information processing speed mediates the relationship between white matter and general intelligence in schizophrenia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alloza, Clara; Cox, Simon R; Duff, Barbara; Semple, Scott I; Bastin, Mark E; Whalley, Heather C; Lawrie, Stephen M

    2016-08-30

    Several authors have proposed that schizophrenia is the result of impaired connectivity between specific brain regions rather than differences in local brain activity. White matter abnormalities have been suggested as the anatomical substrate for this dysconnectivity hypothesis. Information processing speed may act as a key cognitive resource facilitating higher order cognition by allowing multiple cognitive processes to be simultaneously available. However, there is a lack of established associations between these variables in schizophrenia. We hypothesised that the relationship between white matter and general intelligence would be mediated by processing speed. White matter water diffusion parameters were studied using Tract-based Spatial Statistics and computed within 46 regions-of-interest (ROI). Principal component analysis was conducted on these white matter ROI for fractional anisotropy (FA) and mean diffusivity, and on neurocognitive subtests to extract general factors of white mater structure (gFA, gMD), general intelligence (g) and processing speed (gspeed). There was a positive correlation between g and gFA (r= 0.67, p =0.001) that was partially and significantly mediated by gspeed (56.22% CI: 0.10-0.62). These findings suggest a plausible model of structure-function relations in schizophrenia, whereby white matter structure may provide a neuroanatomical substrate for general intelligence, which is partly supported by speed of information processing.

  5. Stemcell Information: SKIP000832 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available of Medicine, Department of Physiology ... 慶應義塾大学 医学部 生理学教室 Keio University, School... of Medicine, Department of Physiology ... 慶應義塾大学 医学部 生理学教室 Hideyuki Okano 岡野栄之 Information Only Keio University, Schoo...l of Medicine, Department of Physiology ... 慶應義塾大学 医学部 生理学教室 ... 26905201 10.1016/j.s...GF ... 3% Negative ... Yes ICC Yes neural differentiation ... No ... Yes Microarray Hideyuki Okano 岡野栄之 Keio University, School

  6. Stemcell Information: SKIP000797 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available pe II (ACG2) ... 200610 ... Fetus Female ... Yes No ACG II(GM07892)-specific iPS cells 軟骨無発症患者線維芽細胞(GM07892)由来iPS細胞...PS Cell Research and Application, Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 ... Information Only Center for iPS Cell Res...earch and Application,Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 CiRA https://www.cira.kyoto-u.ac.jp/e/index.html ... 251...irected conversion and induced pluripotent stem cells. Okada M, Ikegawa S, Morioka M, Yamashita A, Saito A,

  7. Stemcell Information: SKIP001099 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available line derived from a neonate.(789013 KURABO)| 新生児皮膚繊維芽細胞(789013 KURABO)由来iPS細胞 human ES-like Res...ication, Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 ... Information Only Center for iPS Cell Research and Application,Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞... SKIP001099 ... Normal WT-2-#32 WT-2-#32 ... 0-9 Male ... -- No Nomal human iPS cell... Modeling type II collagenopathy skeletal dysplasia by directed conversion and in...duced pluripotent stem cells. Okada M, Ikegawa S, Morioka M, Yamashita A, Saito A, Sawai H, Murotsuki J, Oha

  8. Stemcell Information: SKIP000801 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available type II (ACG2) ... 200610 ... 0-9 Male ... Yes No ACG II(S2011-46)-specific iPS cells. Ⅱ型コラーゲン異常症患者線維芽細胞(S2011-46)由来iPS細胞... for iPS Cell Research and Application, Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 ... Information Only Center for iPS Ce...ll Research and Application,Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 CiRA https://www.cira.kyoto-u.ac.jp/e/index.html ... ...a by directed conversion and induced pluripotent stem cells. Okada M, Ikegawa S, Morioka M, Yamashita A, Sai

  9. Stemcell Information: SKIP001102 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available SKIP001102 ... induced chondrogenic (iChon) cells ダイレクトリプログラミングで作製した軟骨細胞 ... Normal WT...n Dermal Fibroblasts(789013 KURABO). 新生児皮膚繊維芽細胞(789013 KURABO)をダイレクトリプログラミングにより軟骨細胞へと誘導(iChon細胞) Other Resea...n, Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 ... Information Only Center for iPS Cell Researc...h and Application,Kyoto University 京都大学iPS細胞研究所 CiRA https://www.cira.kyoto-u.ac.jp/e/index.html ... 2518757...-2-iChon WT-2-iChon ... 0-9 Male ... -- No Direct iInduction of Chondrogenic(iChon) cells from Huma

  10. Business intelligence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cebotarean Elena

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Business intelligence (BI refers to computer-based techniques used in spotting, digging-out, and analyzing business data, such as sales revenue by products and/or departments, or by associated costs and incomes. BI technologies provide historical, current, and predictive views of business operations. Common functions of business intelligence technologies are reporting, online analytical processing, analytics, data mining, business performance management, benchmarking, text mining, and predictive analytics. Business intelligence aims to support better business decision-making. Thus a BI system can be called a decision support system (DSS. Though the term business intelligence is sometimes used as a synonym for competitive intelligence, because they both support decision making, BI uses technologies, processes, and applications to analyze mostly internal, structured data and business processes while competitive intelligence gathers, analyzes and disseminates information with a topical focus on company competitors. Business intelligence understood broadly can include the subset of competitive intelligence.

  11. Tailored patient information using a database system: Increasing patient compliance in a day surgery setting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grode, Jesper Nicolai Riis; Grode, Louise; Steinsøe, Ulla

    2013-01-01

    rehabilitation. The hospital is responsible of providing the patients with accurate information enabling the patient to prepare for surgery. Often patients are overloaded with uncoordinated information, letters and leaflets. The contribution of this project is a database system enabling health professionals...... was established to support these requirements. A relational database system holds all information pieces in a granular, structured form. Each individual piece of information can be joined with other pieces thus supporting the tailoring of information. A web service layer caters for integration with output systems....../media (word processing engines, web, mobile apps, and information kiosks). To lower the adoption bar of the system, an MS Word user interface was integrated with the web service layer, and information can now quickly be categorised and grouped according to purpose of use, users can quickly setup information...

  12. A proposal for a drug information database and text templates for generating package inserts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Okuya R

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Ryo Okuya,1 Masaomi Kimura,2 Michiko Ohkura,2 Fumito Tsuchiya3 1Graduate School of Engineering and Science, 2Faculty of Engineering, Shibaura Institute of Technology, Tokyo, 3School of Pharmacy, International University of Health and Welfare, Tokyo, Japan Abstract: To prevent prescription errors caused by information systems, a database to store complete and accurate drug information in a user-friendly format is needed. In previous studies, the primary method for obtaining data stored in a database is to extract drug information from package inserts by employing pattern matching or more sophisticated methods such as text mining. However, it is difficult to obtain a complete database because there is no strict rule concerning expressions used to describe drug information in package inserts. The authors' strategy was to first build a database and then automatically generate package inserts by embedding data in the database using templates. To create this database, the support of pharmaceutical companies to input accurate data is required. It is expected that this system will work, because these companies can earn merit for newly developed drugs to decrease the effort to create package inserts from scratch. This study designed the table schemata for the database and text templates to generate the package inserts. To handle the variety of drug-specific information in the package inserts, this information in drug composition descriptions was replaced with labels and the replacement descriptions utilizing cluster analysis were analyzed. To improve the method by which frequently repeated ingredient information and/or supplementary information are stored, the method was modified by introducing repeat tags in the templates to indicate repetition and improving the insertion of data into the database. The validity of this method was confirmed by inputting the drug information described in existing package inserts and checking that the method could

  13. The influence of visual speech information on the intelligibility of English consonants produced by non-native speakers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kawase, Saya; Hannah, Beverly; Wang, Yue

    2014-09-01

    This study examines how visual speech information affects native judgments of the intelligibility of speech sounds produced by non-native (L2) speakers. Native Canadian English perceivers as judges perceived three English phonemic contrasts (/b-v, θ-s, l-ɹ/) produced by native Japanese speakers as well as native Canadian English speakers as controls. These stimuli were presented under audio-visual (AV, with speaker voice and face), audio-only (AO), and visual-only (VO) conditions. The results showed that, across conditions, the overall intelligibility of Japanese productions of the native (Japanese)-like phonemes (/b, s, l/) was significantly higher than the non-Japanese phonemes (/v, θ, ɹ/). In terms of visual effects, the more visually salient non-Japanese phonemes /v, θ/ were perceived as significantly more intelligible when presented in the AV compared to the AO condition, indicating enhanced intelligibility when visual speech information is available. However, the non-Japanese phoneme /ɹ/ was perceived as less intelligible in the AV compared to the AO condition. Further analysis revealed that, unlike the native English productions, the Japanese speakers produced /ɹ/ without visible lip-rounding, indicating that non-native speakers' incorrect articulatory configurations may decrease the degree of intelligibility. These results suggest that visual speech information may either positively or negatively affect L2 speech intelligibility.

  14. Information Technologies in Public Health Management: A Database on Biocides to Improve Quality of Life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A Grigoriu

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: Biocides for prolonging the shelf life of a large variety of materials have been extensively used over the last decades. It has estimated that the worldwide biocide consumption to be about 12.4 billion dollars in 2011, and is expected to increase in 2012. As biocides are substances we get in contact with in our everyday lives, access to this type of information is of paramount importance in order to ensure an appropriate living environment. Consequently, a database where information may be quickly processed, sorted, and easily accessed, according to different search criteria, is the most desirable solution. The main aim of this work was to design and implement a relational database with complete information about biocides used in public health management to improve the quality of life.Methods: Design and implementation of a relational database for biocides, by using the software "phpMyAdmin".Results: A database, which allows for an efficient collection, storage, and management of information including chemical properties and applications of a large quantity of biocides, as well as its adequate dissemination into the public health environment.Conclusion: The information contained in the database herein presented promotes an adequate use of biocides, by means of information technologies, which in consequence may help achieve important improvement in our quality of life.

  15. Design of information-measuring and control systems for intelligent buildings. Trends of development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petrova Irina Yur’evna

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The article considers the modern requirements for integrated management systems of a smart home. The authors propose a hierarchical classification of the levels of house automation, which allows allocating different levels of information transfer. The article considers the trends of development of information-measuring and control systems of intelligent buildings. The generalized scheme of information-measuring and control subsystems of an intelligent building are given. The energy-information model of the knowledge base of physical and technical effects described in the article allows developing a system of automated support of the conceptual stage of elements design in information measuring and control systems. With the help of this knowledge base the system allows dozens of times expanding the scope of knowledge actively used by specialists and two or three times reducing the time of creating new solutions by selecting the most efficient of the options and the underlying calculation of the essential characteristics of their conceptual models, which significantly reduces the number of created prototypes and field tests.

  16. Design of Student Information Management Database Application System for Office and Departmental Target Responsibility System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Hui

    It is the inevitable outcome of higher education reform to carry out office and departmental target responsibility system, in which statistical processing of student's information is an important part of student's performance review. On the basis of the analysis of the student's evaluation, the student information management database application system is designed by using relational database management system software in this paper. In order to implement the function of student information management, the functional requirement, overall structure, data sheets and fields, data sheet Association and software codes are designed in details.

  17. The designing and implementation of PE teaching information resource database based on broadband network

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jian

    2017-01-01

    In order to change traditional PE teaching mode and realize the interconnection, interworking and sharing of PE teaching resources, a distance PE teaching platform based on broadband network is designed and PE teaching information resource database is set up. The designing of PE teaching information resource database takes Windows NT 4/2000Server as operating system platform, Microsoft SQL Server 7.0 as RDBMS, and takes NAS technology for data storage and flow technology for video service. The analysis of system designing and implementation shows that the dynamic PE teaching information resource sharing platform based on Web Service can realize loose coupling collaboration, realize dynamic integration and active integration and has good integration, openness and encapsulation. The distance PE teaching platform based on Web Service and the design scheme of PE teaching information resource database can effectively solve and realize the interconnection, interworking and sharing of PE teaching resources and adapt to the informatization development demands of PE teaching.

  18. Analisis Perbandingan Database Jurnal Elektronik Emerald, ProQuest ABI/INFORM dan SpringerLink Bidang Manajemen dan Ekonomi

    OpenAIRE

    Karyatin, Arianiansyah

    2016-01-01

    Penelitian ini dilakukan pada situs database jurnal elektronik Emerald, ProQuest ABI/INFORM dan SpringerLink. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui bagaimana konten (muatan) subjek kajian manajemen dan ekonomi pada database Emerald, ProQuest ABI/INFORM dan SpringerLink dan untuk mengetahui di dalam database manakah diantara database Emerald, ProQuest ABI/INFORM, dan Springerlink yang memuat bidang kajian manajemen dan ekonomi yang paling lengkap. Metode yang digunakan dalam pene...

  19. Analisis Perbandingan Database Jurnal Elektronik Emerald, ProQuest ABI/INFORM dan SpringerLink Bidang Manajemen dan Ekonomi

    OpenAIRE

    Karyatin, Arianiansyah

    2016-01-01

    Penelitian ini dilakukan pada situs database jurnal elektronik Emerald, ProQuest ABI/INFORM dan SpringerLink. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui bagaimana konten (muatan) subjek kajian manajemen dan ekonomi pada database Emerald, ProQuest ABI/INFORM dan SpringerLink dan untuk mengetahui di dalam database manakah diantara database Emerald, ProQuest ABI/INFORM, dan Springerlink yang memuat bidang kajian manajemen dan ekonomi yang paling lengkap. Metode yang digunakan dalam pene...

  20. Tale of Two Databases: The History of Federally Funded Information Systems for Education and Medicine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weiner, Sharon A.

    2009-01-01

    Access to scholarly information in the disciplines of education and medicine occurred primarily through the simultaneous development of two bibliographic databases. The Education Resource Information Center (ERIC) originated as a resource designed to be comprehensive in its inclusion of peer-reviewed and unpublished literature for the entire…

  1. Nonmaterialized Relations and the Support of Information Retrieval Applications by Relational Database Systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lynch, Clifford A.

    1991-01-01

    Describes several aspects of the problem of supporting information retrieval system query requirements in the relational database management system (RDBMS) environment and proposes an extension to query processing called nonmaterialized relations. User interactions with information retrieval systems are discussed, and nonmaterialized relations are…

  2. Towards BioDBcore: a community-defined information specification for biological databases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaudet, Pascale; Bairoch, Amos; Field, Dawn; Sansone, Susanna-Assunta; Taylor, Chris; Attwood, Teresa K.; Bateman, Alex; Blake, Judith A.; Bult, Carol J.; Cherry, J. Michael; Chisholm, Rex L.; Cochrane, Guy; Cook, Charles E.; Eppig, Janan T.; Galperin, Michael Y.; Gentleman, Robert; Goble, Carole A.; Gojobori, Takashi; Hancock, John M.; Howe, Douglas G.; Imanishi, Tadashi; Kelso, Janet; Landsman, David; Lewis, Suzanna E.; Karsch Mizrachi, Ilene; Orchard, Sandra; Ouellette, B.F. Francis; Ranganathan, Shoba; Richardson, Lorna; Rocca-Serra, Philippe; Schofield, Paul N.; Smedley, Damian; Southan, Christopher; Tan, Tin W.; Tatusova, Tatiana; Whetzel, Patricia L.; White, Owen; Yamasaki, Chisato

    2011-01-01

    The present article proposes the adoption of a community-defined, uniform, generic description of the core attributes of biological databases, BioDBCore. The goals of these attributes are to provide a general overview of the database landscape, to encourage consistency and interoperability between resources; and to promote the use of semantic and syntactic standards. BioDBCore will make it easier for users to evaluate the scope and relevance of available resources. This new resource will increase the collective impact of the information present in biological databases. PMID:21205783

  3. An online database for informing ecological network models: http://kelpforest.ucsc.edu.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Beas-Luna

    Full Text Available Ecological network models and analyses are recognized as valuable tools for understanding the dynamics and resiliency of ecosystems, and for informing ecosystem-based approaches to management. However, few databases exist that can provide the life history, demographic and species interaction information necessary to parameterize ecological network models. Faced with the difficulty of synthesizing the information required to construct models for kelp forest ecosystems along the West Coast of North America, we developed an online database (http://kelpforest.ucsc.edu/ to facilitate the collation and dissemination of such information. Many of the database's attributes are novel yet the structure is applicable and adaptable to other ecosystem modeling efforts. Information for each taxonomic unit includes stage-specific life history, demography, and body-size allometries. Species interactions include trophic, competitive, facilitative, and parasitic forms. Each data entry is temporally and spatially explicit. The online data entry interface allows researchers anywhere to contribute and access information. Quality control is facilitated by attributing each entry to unique contributor identities and source citations. The database has proven useful as an archive of species and ecosystem-specific information in the development of several ecological network models, for informing management actions, and for education purposes (e.g., undergraduate and graduate training. To facilitate adaptation of the database by other researches for other ecosystems, the code and technical details on how to customize this database and apply it to other ecosystems are freely available and located at the following link (https://github.com/kelpforest-cameo/databaseui.

  4. The KNOTTIN website and database: a new information system dedicated to the knottin scaffold

    OpenAIRE

    Gelly, Jean-Christophe; Gracy, Jérôme; Kaas, Quentin; Le-Nguyen, Dung; Heitz, Annie; Chiche, Laurent

    2004-01-01

    The KNOTTIN website and database organize information about knottins or inhibitor cystine knots, small disulfide-rich proteins with a knotted topology. Thanks to their small size and high stability, knottins provide appealing scaffolds for protein engineering and drug design. Static pages present the main historical and recent results about knottin discoveries, sequences, structures, folding, functions, applications and bibliography. Database searches provide dynamically generated tabular rep...

  5. Conceptual Relationship between Information and Communication Technologies and Competitive Intelligence Activities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ioan RADU

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to describe the conceptual relationship between information and communication technologies (ICT and competitive intelligence (CI by emphasizing the role of ICT in support of knowledge processes specific activities relevant to the viability of the organization. Assessing the value and role of ICT to support CI activities requires an understanding of the relationship between the two. This study argues that starting from either the ICT or CI side to this relationship and linking to the other, as most studies do, cannot secure a fully adequate conception of ICT’s value and role to CI. In such context the challenge is to find an appropriate approach in the relationship itself and use it as a possible pattern for developing an understanding of both ICT and CI. For this reason, the paper starts with a brief overview of CI function and continues with a review of the possible uses of ICT in the activities of intelligence. The third section of the study aims to analyze the relationship between ICT applications and CI function. Finally, this study describes a number of problems identified in the use of ICT applications to support intelligence activities within organizations and also it discusses possible solutions to resolve these deficiencies.

  6. Database modeling and environmental information for a radioactive waste repository site

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, S. M.; Rhee, C. G.; Park, J. B.; Lee, H. J.; Kim, Chang Lak [Korea Hydro and Nuclear Power Co., Ltd., Taejon (Korea, Republic of)

    2004-06-01

    For the safe management of nuclear facilities, including a radioactive waste repository, data about the facility site and the surrounding environment must be collected and managed systematically. This is particularly true for a radwaste repository, which has to be institutionally controlled for a long period after closure. The objectives of this study are (1) to establish a systematical management plan for information about a radwaste repository site and its environment, and (2) to design a database management program for this information, based on the Relative DataBase Management System (RDBMS). The spatial data are designed by the geo database, which is a new object, based on the RDBMS, to manage spatial information related to the database. To meet this requirement, a new program called 'Site Information and Total Environmental data management System (SITES)' is being developed. The scope that produced from the first step of the present study for development of the SITES is introduced. The database is designed to combine spatial and attribute data, and is designed for the establishment of the Geographic Information System (GIS). The hardware and software systems are designed with consideration given to the total data management of the items within the radioactive environment.

  7. The relative importance of temporal envelope information for intelligibility prediction: a study on cochlear-implant vocoded speech.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Fei

    2011-10-01

    Vocoder simulation has been long applied as an effective tool to assess factors influencing the intelligibility of cochlear implants listeners. Considering that the temporal envelope information contained in contiguous bands of vocoded speech is correlated and redundant, this study examined the hypothesis that the intelligibility measure evaluating the distortions from a small number of selected envelope cues is sufficient to well predict the intelligibility scores. The speech intelligibility data from 80 conditions was collected from vocoder simulation experiments involving 22 normal-hearing listeners. The relative importance of temporal envelope information in cochlear-implant vocoded speech was modeled by correlating its speech-transmission indices (STIs) with the intelligibility scores. The relative importance pattern was subsequently utilized to determine a binary weight vector for STIs of all envelopes to compute the index predicting the speech intelligibility. A high correlation (r=0.95) was obtained when selecting a small number (e.g., 4 out of 20) of temporal envelope cues from disjoint bands to predict the intelligibility of cochlear-implant vocoded speech.

  8. Machine intelligence for health information: capturing concepts and trends in social media via query expansion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Su, Xing Yu; Suominen, Hanna; Hanlen, Leif

    2011-01-01

    We aim to improve retrieval of health information from Twitter. The popularity of social media and micro-blogs has emphasised their potential for knowledge discovery and trend building. However, capturing and relating concepts in these short-spoken and lexically extensive sources of information requires search engines with increasing intelligence. Our approach uses query expansion techniques to associate query terms with the most similar Twitter terms to capture trends in the gamut of information. We demonstrated the value, defined as improved precision, of our search engine by considering three search tasks and two independent annotators. We also showed the stability of the engine with an increasing number of tweets; this is crucial as large data sets are needed for capturing trends with high confidence. These results encourage us to continue developing the engine for discovering trends in health information available at Twitter.

  9. ANALYSIS AND CONCEPTION DEVELOPMENT OF INFORMATION DEFENSE CID AND CLOUD PLATFORM ON THE BASE OF INTELLIGENCE TECHNOLOGIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. A. Vishniakov

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Two problems the use of intelligence technologies in information defense (ITID – creating specialized knowledge bases with threats simulation and high the security level in corporative nets and cloud computing are presented. The analysis of t wo directions of the second ITID problem: the intelligence decision support systems and the malt y-agent system use are given. As trends and conception development of intelligence technologies are the perfection of methods. models, architectures, and hard-sot ware tools for ITID in corporative systems and cloud computing.

  10. Developing a Central “Point-of-Truth” Database for Core Facility Information

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, S.; Webber, G.; Bourges-Waldegg, D.; Pearse, R.V.

    2014-01-01

    Core facilities need customers, yet an average researcher is aware of a very small fraction of the facilities available near them. Diligent facilities combat this knowledge gap by broadcasting information about their facility either locally, or by publishing information on one or multiple public-facing websites or third-party repositories of information (e.g. VGN cores database or Science Exchange). Each additional site of information about a facility increases visibility but also impairs their ability to maintain up-to-date information on all sites. Additionally, most third-party repositories house their data in traditional relational databases that are not indexable by common search engines. To start addressing these problems, the eagle-i project (an free, open-source, open-access, publication platform), has begun integrating its core facility database with external websites and web applications allowing them to synchronize their information in real-time. We present here two experimental integrations. The Harvard Catalyst Cores webpage originally required independent updates which were not within the direct control of the core directors themselves. The eagle-i linked open data architecture developed now allows the Catalyst cores page to pull information from the Harvard eagle-i server and update all data on it's page accordingly. Additionally, Harvard's “Profiles” web application references eagle-i data and links resource information from eagle-i to personnel information in the Profiles database. Because of these direct links, updating information in Harvard's eagle-i server (which can be accessed directly by facility directors through an account on the eagle-i SWEET), automatically updates information on the Catalyst Cores webpage and updates resource counts linked to a researcher's public profile. This functionality of the eagle-i platform as a central “point-of-truth” for information has the potential to drastically reduce the effort required to

  11. Cloud Databases: A Paradigm Shift in Databases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Indu Arora

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Relational databases ruled the Information Technology (IT industry for almost 40 years. But last few years have seen sea changes in the way IT is being used and viewed. Stand alone applications have been replaced with web-based applications, dedicated servers with multiple distributed servers and dedicated storage with network storage. Cloud computing has become a reality due to its lesser cost, scalability and pay-as-you-go model. It is one of the biggest changes in IT after the rise of World Wide Web. Cloud databases such as Big Table, Sherpa and SimpleDB are becoming popular. They address the limitations of existing relational databases related to scalability, ease of use and dynamic provisioning. Cloud databases are mainly used for data-intensive applications such as data warehousing, data mining and business intelligence. These applications are read-intensive, scalable and elastic in nature. Transactional data management applications such as banking, airline reservation, online e-commerce and supply chain management applications are write-intensive. Databases supporting such applications require ACID (Atomicity, Consistency, Isolation and Durability properties, but these databases are difficult to deploy in the cloud. The goal of this paper is to review the state of the art in the cloud databases and various architectures. It further assesses the challenges to develop cloud databases that meet the user requirements and discusses popularly used Cloud databases.

  12. Constructing a knowledge-based database for dermatological integrative medical information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shin, Jeeyoung; Jo, Yunju; Bae, Hyunsu; Hong, Moochang; Shin, Minkyu; Kim, Yangseok

    2013-01-01

    Recently, overuse of steroids and immunosuppressive drugs has produced incurable dermatological health problems. Traditional medical approaches have been studied for alternative solutions. However, accessing relevant information is difficult given the differences in information for western medicine (WM) and traditional medicine (TM). Therefore, an integrated medical information infrastructure must be utilized to bridge western and traditional treatments. In this study, WM and TM information was collected based on literature searches and information from internet databases on dermatological issues. Additionally, definitions for unified terminology and disease categorization based on individual cases were generated. Also a searchable database system was established that may be a possible model system for integrating both WM and TM medical information on dermatological conditions. Such a system will yield benefits for researchers and facilitate the best possible medical solutions for patients. The DIMI is freely available online.

  13. Sequence ID and annotation information - Gclust Server | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available List Contact us Gclust Server Sequence ID and annotation information Data detail Data name Sequence ID and ann...e specifying the ID, length and annotation information of the amino acid sequences of the predicted proteins...f amino acid sequence (Sequence ID) Field 2 Length of amino acid sequence Field 3 Ann...of This Database Site Policy | Contact Us Sequence ID and annotation information - Gclust Server | LSDB Archive ...

  14. Genetic and bibliographic information - GenLibi | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available c information DOI 10.18908/lsdba.nbdc01093-001 Description of data contents Information of gene functions and their related diseases... which was run by JST. Data analysis method Information on genes and its ralated diseases...ism Organism of the gene Phenotype from JST bibliography Names of the diseases or...erms that are corresponding to the diseases or the phenotypes JST bibliography database IDs of the articles

  15. Environmental Factor{trademark} system: Superfund site information from five EPA databases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Environmental Factor puts today`s technology to work to provide a better, more cost-efficient and time-saving way to access EPA information on hazardous waste sites. Environmental consultants, insurers, and reinsurers, corporate risk assessors and companies actively involved in the generation, transport, storage or cleanup of hazardous waste materials can use its user-friendly information retrieval system to gain rapid access to vital information in immediately-usable form. Search, retrieve, and export information in real time. No more waiting for the mail or overnight delivery services to deliver hard copies of voluminous listings and individual site reports. More than 200,000 pages of EPA hazardous waste site information are contained in 5 related databases: (1) Site data from the National Priority List (NPL) and CERCLIS databases, Potentially Responsible Parties (PRP) and Records of Decision (RODs) summaries; (2) Complete PRP information; (3) EPA Records of Decision (Full Text); (4) entire Civil Enforcement Docket; and (5) Glossary of EPA terms, abbreviations and acronyms. Environmental Factor`s powerful database management engine gives even the most inexperienced computer user extensive search capabilities, including wildcard, phonetic and direct cross reference searches across multiple databases.

  16. Emulating the Level-1 Electromagnetic Trigger Response Using an Offline Database. Procedure for Populating This Database from the Online Information.

    CERN Document Server

    Becheva, Emilia

    2010-01-01

    The Level-1 Trigger plays a major role in the CMS experiment allowing to reduce the raw event rate at the Large Hadron Collider. Its decision is based on information from the electromagnetic and hadronic calorimeters as well as the muon detectors. The electronics of the electromagnetic calorimeter generate and deliver basic quantities called "Trigger Primitives" which correspond to local energy deposits created by electromagnetic showers. In order to ensure the correct generation of the trigger primitives by the electronics, a special software (emulator) has been implemented. It is able to reproduce the ECAL trigger functionalities at the bit level using the same inputs and identical output format. It is configured in exactly the same way as the hardware. The configuration of the electromagnetic hardware trigger requires 5 million parameters stored into an Online Master Data Storage database (OMDS). This poster will present the procedure used to transfer the parameters from the OMDS to the Offline datab...

  17. A PATO-compliant zebrafish screening database (MODB): management of morpholino knockdown screen information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knowlton, Michelle N; Li, Tongbin; Ren, Yongliang; Bill, Brent R; Ellis, Lynda Bm; Ekker, Stephen C

    2008-01-07

    The zebrafish is a powerful model vertebrate amenable to high throughput in vivo genetic analyses. Examples include reverse genetic screens using morpholino knockdown, expression-based screening using enhancer trapping and forward genetic screening using transposon insertional mutagenesis. We have created a database to facilitate web-based distribution of data from such genetic studies. The MOrpholino DataBase is a MySQL relational database with an online, PHP interface. Multiple quality control levels allow differential access to data in raw and finished formats. MODBv1 includes sequence information relating to almost 800 morpholinos and their targets and phenotypic data regarding the dose effect of each morpholino (mortality, toxicity and defects). To improve the searchability of this database, we have incorporated a fixed-vocabulary defect ontology that allows for the organization of morpholino affects based on anatomical structure affected and defect produced. This also allows comparison between species utilizing Phenotypic Attribute Trait Ontology (PATO) designated terminology. MODB is also cross-linked with ZFIN, allowing full searches between the two databases. MODB offers users the ability to retrieve morpholino data by sequence of morpholino or target, name of target, anatomical structure affected and defect produced. MODB data can be used for functional genomic analysis of morpholino design to maximize efficacy and minimize toxicity. MODB also serves as a template for future sequence-based functional genetic screen databases, and it is currently being used as a model for the creation of a mutagenic insertional transposon database.

  18. Serving database information using a flexible server in a three tier architecture

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee Lueking et al.

    2003-08-11

    The D0 experiment at Fermilab relies on a central Oracle database for storing all detector calibration information. Access to this data is needed by hundreds of physics applications distributed worldwide. In order to meet the demands of these applications from scarce resources, we have created a distributed system that isolates the user applications from the database facilities. This system, known as the Database Application Network (DAN) operates as the middle tier in a three tier architecture. A DAN server employs a hierarchical caching scheme and database connection management facility that limits access to the database resource. The modular design allows for caching strategies and database access components to be determined by runtime configuration. To solve scalability problems, a proxy database component allows for DAN servers to be arranged in a hierarchy. Also included is an event based monitoring system that is currently being used to collect statistics for performance analysis and problem diagnosis. DAN servers are currently implemented as a Python multithreaded program using CORBA for network communications and interface specification. The requirement details, design, and implementation of DAN are discussed along with operational experience and future plans.

  19. Northeast India Helminth Parasite Information Database (NEIHPID): Knowledge Base for Helminth Parasites.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biswal, Devendra Kumar; Debnath, Manish; Kharumnuid, Graciously; Thongnibah, Welfrank; Tandon, Veena

    2016-01-01

    Most metazoan parasites that invade vertebrate hosts belong to three phyla: Platyhelminthes, Nematoda and Acanthocephala. Many of the parasitic members of these phyla are collectively known as helminths and are causative agents of many debilitating, deforming and lethal diseases of humans and animals. The North-East India Helminth Parasite Information Database (NEIHPID) project aimed to document and characterise the spectrum of helminth parasites in the north-eastern region of India, providing host, geographical distribution, diagnostic characters and image data. The morphology-based taxonomic data are supplemented with information on DNA sequences of nuclear, ribosomal and mitochondrial gene marker regions that aid in parasite identification. In addition, the database contains raw next generation sequencing (NGS) data for 3 foodborne trematode parasites, with more to follow. The database will also provide study material for students interested in parasite biology. Users can search the database at various taxonomic levels (phylum, class, order, superfamily, family, genus, and species), or by host, habitat and geographical location. Specimen collection locations are noted as co-ordinates in a MySQL database and can be viewed on Google maps, using Google Maps JavaScript API v3. The NEIHPID database has been made freely available at http://nepiac.nehu.ac.in/index.php.

  20. Proactive Intelligent Home System Using Contextual Information and Neural Network Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Belghini Naouar

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, cities around the world intend to use information technology to improve the lives of their citizens. Future smart cities will incorporate digital data and technology to interact differently with their human inhabitants. Among the key component of a smart city, we find the smart home component. It is an autonomic environment that can provide various smart services by considering the user’s context information. Several methods are used in context-aware system to provide such services. In this paper, we propose an approach to offer the most relevant services to the user according to any significant change of his context environment. The proposed approach is based on the use of context history information together with user profiling and machine learning techniques. Experimentations show that the proposed solution can efficiently provide the most useful services to the user in an intelligent home environment.

  1. The KNOTTIN website and database: a new information system dedicated to the knottin scaffold.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gelly, Jean-Christophe; Gracy, Jérôme; Kaas, Quentin; Le-Nguyen, Dung; Heitz, Annie; Chiche, Laurent

    2004-01-01

    The KNOTTIN website and database organize information about knottins or inhibitor cystine knots, small disulfide-rich proteins with a knotted topology. Thanks to their small size and high stability, knottins provide appealing scaffolds for protein engineering and drug design. Static pages present the main historical and recent results about knottin discoveries, sequences, structures, folding, functions, applications and bibliography. Database searches provide dynamically generated tabular reports or sequence alignments for knottin three-dimensional structures or sequences. BLAST/HMM searches are also available. A simple nomenclature, based on loop lengths between cysteines, is proposed and is complemented by a uniform numbering scheme. This standardization is applied to all knottin structures in the database, facilitating comparisons. Renumbered and structurally fitted knottin PDB files are available for download. The standardized numbering is used for automatic drawing of two-dimensional Colliers de Perles. The KNOTTIN website and database are available at http://knottin.cbs.cnrs.fr and http://knottin.com.

  2. Teaching Three-Dimensional Structural Chemistry Using Crystal Structure Databases. 3. The Cambridge Structural Database System: Information Content and Access Software in Educational Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Battle, Gary M.; Allen, Frank H.; Ferrence, Gregory M.

    2011-01-01

    Parts 1 and 2 of this series described the educational value of experimental three-dimensional (3D) chemical structures determined by X-ray crystallography and retrieved from the crystallographic databases. In part 1, we described the information content of the Cambridge Structural Database (CSD) and discussed a representative teaching subset of…

  3. Intelligent Control System Taking Account of Cooperativeness Using Weighting Information on System Objective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masaki Takahashi

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available This study considers an intelligent control system to integrate flexibly its components by using weighted information where the system evaluation is reflected. Such system evaluates the information flowing through the components and converts them by weighting depending on the degree of importance. Integration of components based on the system evaluation enables a system consisting of them to realize various, flexible and adaptive control. In this study, the intelligent control method is applied to a swing up and stabilization control problem of a number of cart and pendulum systems on a restricted straight guide. To stabilize the pendulum in a restricted environment, each system should realize not only a swing-up and stabilization control of the pendulum, but also a position control of the cart to avoid collision or deadlock. The experiment using a real apparatus demonstrated that the controller learning light interaction acquires egoistic character, the controller learning heavy interaction behaves altruistically, and the controller equally considering self cart and another cart becomes cooperative. In other words, these autonomous decentralized controllers can acquire various characters and flexibility for cooperation.

  4. 17th East European Conference on Advances in Databases and Information Systems and Associated Satellite Events

    CERN Document Server

    Cerquitelli, Tania; Chiusano, Silvia; Guerrini, Giovanna; Kämpf, Mirko; Kemper, Alfons; Novikov, Boris; Palpanas, Themis; Pokorný, Jaroslav; Vakali, Athena

    2014-01-01

    This book reports on state-of-art research and applications in the field of databases and information systems. It includes both fourteen selected short contributions, presented at the East-European Conference on Advances in Databases and Information Systems (ADBIS 2013, September 1-4, Genova, Italy), and twenty-six papers from ADBIS 2013 satellite events. The short contributions from the main conference are collected in the first part of the book, which covers a wide range of topics, like data management, similarity searches, spatio-temporal and social network data, data mining, data warehousing, and data management on novel architectures, such as graphics processing units, parallel database management systems, cloud and MapReduce environments. In contrast, the contributions from the satellite events are organized in five different parts, according to their respective ADBIS satellite event: BiDaTA 2013 - Special Session on Big Data: New Trends and Applications); GID 2013 – The Second International Workshop ...

  5. Prediction of Intelligibility of Noisy and Time-Frequency Weighted Speech based on Mutual Information Between Amplitude Envelopes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jesper; Taal, C.H.

    2013-01-01

    of Shannon information the critical-band amplitude envelopes of the noisy/processed signal convey about the corresponding clean signal envelopes. The resulting intelligibility predictor turns out to be a simple function of the correlation between noisy/processed and clean amplitude envelopes. The proposed......This paper deals with the problem of predicting the average intelligibility of noisy and potentially processed speech signals, as observed by a group of normal hearing listeners. We propose a prediction model based on the hypothesis that intelligibility is monotonically related to the the amount...... predictor performs well (ρ>0.95) in predicting the intelligibility of speech signals contaminated by additive noise and potentially non-linearly processed using time-frequency weighting....

  6. Discovering More Chemical Concepts from 3D Chemical Information Searches of Crystal Structure Databases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rzepa, Henry S.

    2016-01-01

    Three new examples are presented illustrating three-dimensional chemical information searches of the Cambridge structure database (CSD) from which basic core concepts in organic and inorganic chemistry emerge. These include connecting the regiochemistry of aromatic electrophilic substitution with the geometrical properties of hydrogen bonding…

  7. Discovering More Chemical Concepts from 3D Chemical Information Searches of Crystal Structure Databases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rzepa, Henry S.

    2016-01-01

    Three new examples are presented illustrating three-dimensional chemical information searches of the Cambridge structure database (CSD) from which basic core concepts in organic and inorganic chemistry emerge. These include connecting the regiochemistry of aromatic electrophilic substitution with the geometrical properties of hydrogen bonding…

  8. Measuring Information through Topical Subheadings of the Medline Database: A Case Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alvarez, P.; Pulgarin, A.

    1999-01-01

    Describes a method for measuring research information from thematic references such as headings and subheadings that are used in indexing, cataloging, and online searching, using the Rasch model as the measuring instrument. Discusses results of a search of anesthesiology in the Medline database that was used as a case study. (Author/LRW)

  9. Sample information - RED II INAHO | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available switchLanguage; BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Data List Contact us RED...on Sample ID Sample ID Microarray Microarray name RED : Rice 9k Array used in the...his Database Site Policy | Contact Us Sample information - RED II INAHO | LSDB Archive ...

  10. Content-based organization of the information space in multi-database networks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Papazoglou, M.; Milliner, S.

    1998-01-01

    Abstract. Rapid growth in the volume of network-available data, complexity, diversity and terminological fluctuations, at different data sources, render network-accessible information increasingly difficult to achieve. The situation is particularly cumbersome for users of multi-database systems who

  11. 16th East-European Conference on Advances in Databases and Information Systems (ADBIS 2012)

    CERN Document Server

    Wojciechowski, Marek; New Trends in Databases and Information Systems

    2013-01-01

    Database and information systems technologies have been rapidly evolving in several directions over the past years. New types and kinds of data, new types of applications and information systems to support them raise diverse challenges to be addressed. The so-called big data challenge, streaming data management and processing, social networks and other complex data analysis, including semantic reasoning into information systems supporting for instance trading, negotiations, and bidding mechanisms are just some of the emerging research topics. This volume contains papers contributed by six workshops: ADBIS Workshop on GPUs in Databases (GID 2012), Mining Complex and Stream Data (MCSD'12), International Workshop on Ontologies meet Advanced Information Systems (OAIS'2012), Second Workshop on Modeling Multi-commodity Trade: Data models and processing (MMT'12), 1st ADBIS Workshop on Social Data Processing (SDP'12), 1st ADBIS Workshop on Social and Algorithmic Issues in Business Support (SAIBS), and the Ph.D. Conso...

  12. VaProS: a database-integration approach for protein/genome information retrieval

    KAUST Repository

    Gojobori, Takashi

    2016-12-24

    Life science research now heavily relies on all sorts of databases for genome sequences, transcription, protein three-dimensional (3D) structures, protein–protein interactions, phenotypes and so forth. The knowledge accumulated by all the omics research is so vast that a computer-aided search of data is now a prerequisite for starting a new study. In addition, a combinatory search throughout these databases has a chance to extract new ideas and new hypotheses that can be examined by wet-lab experiments. By virtually integrating the related databases on the Internet, we have built a new web application that facilitates life science researchers for retrieving experts’ knowledge stored in the databases and for building a new hypothesis of the research target. This web application, named VaProS, puts stress on the interconnection between the functional information of genome sequences and protein 3D structures, such as structural effect of the gene mutation. In this manuscript, we present the notion of VaProS, the databases and tools that can be accessed without any knowledge of database locations and data formats, and the power of search exemplified in quest of the molecular mechanisms of lysosomal storage disease. VaProS can be freely accessed at http://p4d-info.nig.ac.jp/vapros/.

  13. Development of an intelligent laboratory information system for community health promotion center.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chae, Y M; Lim, H S; Lee, J H; Bae, M Y; Kim, G H; Bae, J H; Ahn, J O

    2001-01-01

    This study aimed to develop an Intelligent Laboratory Information System (ILIS) for the community health promotion center in Kwachun city to help process an increasing number of laboratory test data in an efficient manner, and to support the clinical decision-making of public health doctors. A sample of 170 cases was used for validation of the system. Overall, the system correctly predicted 92.5% of the cases. This paper also analyzed the economic feasibility of the ILIS based on the Information Economics approach. The results showed that the ILIS not only helps screen more people by increasing the capacity of a health promotion center, but also brings in more revenue to the center.

  14. The development of an intelligent laboratory information system for a community health promotion centre.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chae, Young Moon; Lim, Hwan-Sub; Lee, Ju Hon; Bae, Mi Young; Kim, Gyu Hyung

    2002-01-01

    This study aimed to develop an Intelligent Laboratory Information System (ILIS) for the community health promotion centre in Kwachun city to help process an increasing amount of laboratory test data in an efficient manner, and to support the clinical decision-making of public health doctors. A sample of 170 cases was used for validation of the system. Overall, the system correctly predicted 92.5% of the cases. This paper also analysed the economic feasibility of the ILIS based on the Information Economics approach. The results showed that the ILIS not only helps screen more people by increasing the capacity of a health promotion centre, but also brings in more revenue to the centre.

  15. A NOVEL INTELLIGENT MODEL FOR ENTERPRISE INFORMATION SYSTEM BASED ON WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    OUAIL ABROUN

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Wireless Sensor Network (WSN technologies became a leading solution in many significant fields, by offering the desired high accuracy in a large variety of control applications under rational cost. However, for the sake of generating optimal decisions and choosing adequate reactions, the current information systems used as enterprise service require more accurate and real-time data. In this work, we propose a novel model of Enterprise Information System (EIS, which integrates the WSN technologies benefits, to make an intelligent hardware and software architecture which is able to generate business managing decisions for several enterprise services with high accurateness. This paper explains the different elements treated to integrate WSN into the EIS, through presenting our suggested integration architecture, then the integration middleware layer, and finally the decisional model analysis and results.

  16. Demonstration of SLUMIS: a clinical database and management information system for a multi organ transplant program.

    OpenAIRE

    Kurtz, M.; Bennett, T; Garvin, P.; Manuel, F; Williams, M.; Langreder, S.

    1991-01-01

    Because of the rapid evolution of the heart, heart/lung, liver, kidney and kidney/pancreas transplant programs at our institution, and because of a lack of an existing comprehensive database, we were required to develop a computerized management information system capable of supporting both clinical and research requirements of a multifaceted transplant program. SLUMIS (ST. LOUIS UNIVERSITY MULTI-ORGAN INFORMATION SYSTEM) was developed for the following reasons: 1) to comply with the reportin...

  17. Information as Resoures ; A View toward the 2lst Century - Let's Construct Databases by Ourselves -

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohmi, Akira

    A highly-developed information-oriented society based on “Information Network Technology” will be realized in the 21st century. In enterprises, fundamental research will be regarded as important more and more, and the effective use of information as resources will be indispensable. From the viewpoint of international distribution of information there is a criticism that Japan has been offering the information on science and technology insufficiently to the overseas countries, but, for example, in the steel industry lots of house-organ technical journals in English version has been offered overseas. And recently several information firms have started translating Japanese information into English and providing overseas. However, there are some problems to be taken into consideration; 1. The information is not integrated, 2. there is not any co-ordination among the firms, 3. others. Then the author proposes communal use of machine translation system and construction of database for overseas that integrate such firms” work preserving each individuality.

  18. Situational Judgment Test Research: Informing the Debate on Practical Intelligence Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDaniel, Michael A.; Whetzel, Deborah L.

    2005-01-01

    [Gottfredson, L. S. (2003). Dissecting practical intelligence theory: Its claims and evidence. Intelligence, 31, 343-397.] provided a detailed critique of Sternberg's [Sternberg, R. J., Fotsythe, G. B., Hedlund, J., Horvath, J. A., Wagner, R. K., Williams, W. M., Snook, S. A., Grigorenko, E. L. (2000). Practical intelligence in everyday life. New…

  19. Another Look at Taurus Littrow: An Interactive Geographic Information System DataBase

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coombs, Cassandra R.; Meisburger, J. L.; Nettles, J. W.

    1998-01-01

    A variety of data has been amassed for the Apollo 17 landing site, including topography, sample locations, and imagery. These data were compiled into a Geographic Information System (GIS) to analyze their interrelationships more easily. The database will allow the evaluation of the resource potential of the Taurus Littrow region pyroclastic deposits. The database also serves as a catalog for the returned lunar samples. This catalog includes rock type, size, and location. While this project specifically targets the Taurus Littrow region, it is applicable to other regions as well.

  20. Soil information requirements for humanitarian demining: the case for a soil properties database

    Science.gov (United States)

    Das, Yogadhish; McFee, John E.; Russell, Kevin L.; Cross, Guy; Katsube, T. John

    2003-09-01

    Landmines are buried typically in the top 30 cm of soil. A number of physical, chemical and electromagnetic properties of this near-surface layer of ground will potentially affect the wide range of technologies under development worldwide for landmine detection and neutralization. Although standard soil survey information, as related to conventional soil classification, is directed toward agricultural and environmental applications, little or no information seems to exist in a form that is directly useful to humanitarian demining and the related R&D community. Thus, there is a general need for an information database devoted specifically to relevant soil properties, their geographic distribution and climate-driven variability. A brief description of the various detection technologies is used to introduce the full range of related soil properties. Following a general description of the need to establish a comprehensive soil property database, the discussion is then narrowed to soil properties affecting electromagnetic induction metal detectors - a problem of much restricted scope but of immediate and direct relevance to humanitarian demining. In particular, the complex magnetic susceptibility and, to a lesser degree, electrical conductivity of the host soil influence the performance of these widely used tools, and in the extreme instance, can render detectors unusable. A database comprising these properties for soils of landmine-affected countries would assist in predicting local detector performance, planning demining operations, designing and developing improved detectors and establishing realistic and representative test-evaluation facilities. The status of efforts made towards developing a database involving soil electromagnetic properties is reported.

  1. Intelligent Traffic Information System Based on Integration of Internet of Things and Agent Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasan Omar Al-Sakran

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available In recent years popularity of private cars is getting urban traffic more and more crowded. As result traffic is becoming one of important problems in big cities in all over the world. Some of the traffic concerns are congestions and accidents which have caused a huge waste of time, property damage and environmental pollution. This research paper presents a novel intelligent traffic administration system, based on Internet of Things, which is featured by low cost, high scalability, high compatibility, easy to upgrade, to replace traditional traffic management system and the proposed system can improve road traffic tremendously. The Internet of Things is based on the Internet, network wireless sensing and detection technologies to realize the intelligent recognition on the tagged traffic object, tracking, monitoring, managing and processed automatically. The paper proposes an architecture that integrates internet of things with agent technology into a single platform where the agent technology handles effective communication and interfaces among a large number of heterogeneous highly distributed, and decentralized devices within the IoT. The architecture introduces the use of an active radio-frequency identification (RFID, wireless sensor technologies, object ad-hoc networking, and Internet-based information systems in which tagged traffic objects can be automatically represented, tracked, and queried over a network. This research presents an overview of a framework distributed traffic simulation model within NetLogo, an agent-based environment, for IoT traffic monitoring system using mobile agent technology.

  2. Information Management in Creative Engineering Design and Capabilities of Database Transactions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Kim; Eastman, C. A.; Jeng, T. S.

    1997-01-01

    This paper examines the information management requirements and sets forth the general criteria for collaboration and concurrency control in creative engineering design. Our work attempts to recognize the full range of concurrency, collaboration and complex transactions structure now practiced...... in manual and semi-automated design and the range of capabilities needed as the demands for enhanced but flexible electronic information management unfolds.The objective of this paper is to identify new issues that may advance the use of databases to support creative engineering design. We start...... this capability-based starting point, we review existing database and information management capabilities, as presented in the literature. In the review, we identify the gaps between current concurrency and collaboration technology and what is needed or would be desirable. Our objective is to assess current...

  3. Managing Database Services: An Approach Based in Information Technology Services Availabilty and Continuity Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo Bastos Pontes

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper is held in the information technology services management environment, with a few ideas of information technology governance, and purposes to implement a hybrid model to manage the services of a database, based on the principles of information technology services management in a supplementary health operator. This approach utilizes fundamental nuances of services management guides, such as CMMI for Services, COBIT, ISO 20000, ITIL and MPS.BR for Services; it studies harmonically Availability and Continuity Management, as most part of the guides also do. This work has its importance because it keeps a good flow in the database and improves the agility of the systems in the accredited clinics in the health plan.

  4. SAMS--a systems architecture for developing intelligent health information systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yılmaz, Özgün; Erdur, Rıza Cenk; Türksever, Mustafa

    2013-12-01

    In this paper, SAMS, a novel health information system architecture for developing intelligent health information systems is proposed and also some strategies for developing such systems are discussed. The systems fulfilling this architecture will be able to store electronic health records of the patients using OWL ontologies, share patient records among different hospitals and provide physicians expertise to assist them in making decisions. The system is intelligent because it is rule-based, makes use of rule-based reasoning and has the ability to learn and evolve itself. The learning capability is provided by extracting rules from previously given decisions by the physicians and then adding the extracted rules to the system. The proposed system is novel and original in all of these aspects. As a case study, a system is implemented conforming to SAMS architecture for use by dentists in the dental domain. The use of the developed system is described with a scenario. For evaluation, the developed dental information system will be used and tried by a group of dentists. The development of this system proves the applicability of SAMS architecture. By getting decision support from a system derived from this architecture, the cognitive gap between experienced and inexperienced physicians can be compensated. Thus, patient satisfaction can be achieved, inexperienced physicians are supported in decision making and the personnel can improve their knowledge. A physician can diagnose a case, which he/she has never diagnosed before, using this system. With the help of this system, it will be possible to store general domain knowledge in this system and the personnel's need to medical guideline documents will be reduced.

  5. Data integration and knowledge discovery in biomedical databases. Reliable information from unreliable sources

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A Mitnitski

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available To better understand information about human health from databases we analyzed three datasets collected for different purposes in Canada: a biomedical database of older adults, a large population survey across all adult ages, and vital statistics. Redundancy in the variables was established, and this led us to derive a generalized (macroscopic state variable, being a fitness/frailty index that reflects both individual and group health status. Evaluation of the relationship between fitness/frailty and the mortality rate revealed that the latter could be expressed in terms of variables generally available from any cross-sectional database. In practical terms, this means that the risk of mortality might readily be assessed from standard biomedical appraisals collected for other purposes.

  6. Intelligent Internet-based information system optimises diabetes mellitus management in communities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Xuejuan; Wu, Hao; Cui, Shuqi; Ge, Caiying; Wang, Li; Jia, Hongyan; Liang, Wannian

    2017-01-01

    To evaluate the effect of an intelligent Internet-based information system upon optimising the management of patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). In 2015, a T2DM information system was introduced to optimise the management of T2DM patients for 1 year in Fangzhuang community of Beijing, China. A total of 602 T2DM patients who were registered in the health service centre of Fangzhuang community were enrolled based on an isometric sampling technique. The data from 587 patients were used in the final analysis. The intervention effect was subsequently assessed by statistically comparing multiple parameters, such as the prevalence of glycaemic control, standard health management and annual outpatient consultation visits per person, before and after the implementation of the T2DM information system. In 2015, a total of 1668 T2DM patients were newly registered in Fangzhuang community. The glycaemic control rate was calculated as 37.65% in 2014 and significantly elevated up to 62.35% in 2015 ( p information system, the rate of standard health management was increased from 48.04% to 85.01% ( p information system optimised the management of T2DM patients in Fangzhuang community and decreased the outpatient numbers in both community and general hospitals, which played a positive role in assisting T2DM patients and their healthcare providers to better manage this chronic illness.

  7. An architecture for distributed real-time large-scale information processing for intelligence analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, Eugene, Jr.; Santos, Eunice E.; Santos, Eugene S.

    2004-04-01

    Given a massive and dynamic space of information (nuggets) and a query to be answered, how can the correct (answer) nuggets be retrieved in an effective and efficient manner? We present a large-scale distributed real-time architecture based on anytime intelligent foraging, gathering, and matching (I-FGM) on massive and dynamic information spaces. Simply put, we envision that when given a search query, large numbers of computational processes are alerted or activated in parallel to begin identifying and retrieving the appro-priate information nuggets. In particular, our approach aims to provide an anytime capa-bility which functions as follows: Given finite computational resources, I-FGM will pro-ceed to explore the information space and, over time, continuously identify and update promising candidate nugget, thus, good candidates will be available at anytime on re-quest. With the computational costs of evaluating the relevance of a candidate nugget, the anytime nature of I-FGM will provide increasing confidence on nugget selections over time by providing admissible partial evaluations. When a new promising candidate is identified, the current set of selected nuggets is re-evaluated and updated appropriately. Essentially, I-FGM will guide its finite computational resources in locating the target in-formation nuggets quickly and iteratively over time. In addition, the goal of I-FGM is to naturally handle new nuggets as they appear. A central element of our framework is to provide a formal computational model of this massive data-intensive problem.

  8. Intelligent Semantic Web Search Engines: A Brief Survey

    CERN Document Server

    Madhu, G; Rajinikanth, Dr T V

    2011-01-01

    The World Wide Web (WWW) allows the people to share the information (data) from the large database repositories globally. The amount of information grows billions of databases. We need to search the information will specialize tools known generically search engine. There are many of search engines available today, retrieving meaningful information is difficult. However to overcome this problem in search engines to retrieve meaningful information intelligently, semantic web technologies are playing a major role. In this paper we present survey on the search engine generations and the role of search engines in intelligent web and semantic search technologies.

  9. Proceedings of the Annual Military Librarians’ Workshop (31st): Information Management and Intelligence Held in Washington, D.C. on 20-23 October 1987

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-10-23

    Pforzhetmer 23 "A Brief History of Military Deane J, Allen 38 Intelligence" "Popular Culture and the Cultural Dr. Hugo A. Keesing 73 Literacy Controversy...PROGRAMS Remarks Paul Klinefelter 131 Federal Library and Information Milton MWeee 133 Center Committee Defense Technical Information Betsy Fox 135...150 History of Military Intelligence 153 Popular Culture and the Cultural 155, Literacy Controversy Literature of Ancient Intelligence 156 The Soviet

  10. Intelligent mechatronics; Intelligent mechatronics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hashimoto, H. [The University of Tokyo, Tokyo (Japan). Institute of Industrial Science

    1995-10-01

    Intelligent mechatronics (IM) was explained as follows: a study of IM essentially targets realization of a robot namely, but in the present stage the target is a creation of new values by intellectualization of machine, that is, a combination of the information infrastructure and the intelligent machine system. IM is also thought to be constituted of computers positively used and micromechatronics. The paper next introduces examples of IM study, mainly those the author is concerned with as shown below: sensor gloves, robot hands, robot eyes, tele operation, three-dimensional object recognition, mobile robot, magnetic bearing, construction of remote controlled unmanned dam, robot network, sensitivity communication using neuro baby, etc. 27 figs.

  11. Automated granularity to integrate digital information: the "Antarctic Treaty Searchable Database" case study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Arthur Berkman

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Access to information is necessary, but not sufficient in our digital era. The challenge is to objectively integrate digital resources based on user-defined objectives for the purpose of discovering information relationships that facilitate interpretations and decision making. The Antarctic Treaty Searchable Database (http://aspire.nvi.net, which is in its sixth edition, provides an example of digital integration based on the automated generation of information granules that can be dynamically combined to reveal objective relationships within and between digital information resources. This case study further demonstrates that automated granularity and dynamic integration can be accomplished simply by utilizing the inherent structure of the digital information resources. Such information integration is relevant to library and archival programs that require long-term preservation of authentic digital resources.

  12. Can Intelligence Testing Inform Educational Intervention for Children with Reading Disability?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julian G. Elliott

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the value of intelligence testing for the purpose of informing us how best to intervene with children with reading disability. While the original function of IQ testing was to ascertain whether a child was capable of profiting from schooling, there are many who now claim that cognitive assessment offers a range of diagnostic and prescriptive functions which can help teachers in delivering effective educational programs. This paper interrogates such assertions in relation to the assessment of IQ, cognitive strengths and weaknesses, executive functions, and the use of dynamic testing/assessment. The paper concludes that current evidence indicates that cognitive measures have limited relevance for instructional planning, and cognitive training programs have yet to show sufficient academic gains. For these reasons, it is recommended that our energies should be directed to the continuing development of powerful forms of academic skills-based instruction operating within a response to intervention framework.

  13. VIRTUAL COGNITIVE CENTERS AS INTELLIGENT SYSTEMS FOR MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SUPPORT OF REGIONAL SECURITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. V. Masloboev

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with engineering problems and application perspectives of virtual cognitive centers as intelligent systems for information support of interagency activities in the field of complex security management of regional development. A research prototype of virtual cognitive center for regional security management in crisis situations, implemented as hybrid cloud service based on IaaS architectural framework with the usage of multi-agent and web-service technologies has been developed. Virtual cognitive center is a training simulator software system and is intended for solving on the basis of distributed simulation such problems as: strategic planning and forecasting of risk-sustainable development of regional socioeconomic systems, agents of management interaction specification synthesis for regional components security in different crisis situations within the planning stage of joint anti-crisis actions.

  14. Updating Object for GIS Database Information Using High Resolution Satellite Images: a Case Study Zonguldak

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alkan, M.; Arca, D.; Bayik, Ç.; Marangoz, A. M.

    2011-09-01

    Nowadays Geographic Information Systems (GIS) uses Remote Sensing (RS) data for a lot of applications. One of the application areas is the updating of the GIS database using high resolution imagery. In this context high resolution satellite imagery data is very important for many applications areas today's and future. And also, high resolution satellite imagery data will be used in many applications for different purposes. Information systems needs to high resolution imagery data for updating. Updating is very important component for the any of the GIS systems. One of this area will be updated and kept alive GIS database information. High resolution satellite imagery is used with different data base which serve map information via internet and different aims of information systems applications in future topographic and cartographic information systems will very important in our country in this sense use of the satellite images will be unavoidable. In this study explain to how is acquired to satellite images and how is use this images in information systems for object and roads. Firstly, pan-sharpened two of the IKONOS's images have been produced by fusion of high resolution PAN and MS images using PCI Geomatica v9.1 software package. Automatic object extraction has been made using eCognition v4.0.6. On the other hand, these objects have been manually digitized from high resolution images using ArcGIS v9.3. software package. Application section of in this study, satellite images data will be compared each other and GIS objects and road database. It is also determined which data is useful in Geographic Information Systems. Finally, this article explains that integration of remote sensing technology and GIS applications.

  15. 从信息采集和情报收集视角看两个IS的融合%Fusion of Information Science and Intelligence Studies:from an Information Collection and Intelligence Gathering Perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周换换

    2015-01-01

    我国情报学与西方情报学存在很大的差别,关于两个IS( information science,intelligence studies)的争论由来已久,两个IS的融合符合信息时代发展的需求。从信息采集和情报收集视角看两个IS的融合问题,在理论方面,两者存在许多共同部分,在实践方面,收集方法可以相互引用,由此构建融合后的收集方法体系,由情报源、收集工具、技术、手段和方法构成。%There is a big difference between China's information science and western intelligence studies, debate between two theories al-ways exists, and fusion of them meets the development need of the information age. This paper firstly discussed them from information collection and intelligence gathering perspective:in theory, they shared many common parts;in practice, they can learn from each other' s collection methods. Then, an integrated collection system was established, consisting of intelligence sources, collection tools, technolo-gies, means and methods.

  16. DEVELOPMENT OF FOOD SECURITY INFORMATION SYSTEM BASED ON BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE IN FOOD SECURITY AGENCY, MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE, INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Manise Hendrawaty; Harisno Harisno

    2014-01-01

    Food is the main basic need of human, because of that fulfillment of human need of food has to be fulfilled. So it can fulfill that need, then government institution, Food Security Agency (BKP) is formed so it can monitor fulfillment of food need of society. The goals of this writing are to develop food security information system that provides dashboard facility based on business intelligence, to develop food security information system that can give fast, precise and real time information a...

  17. Prospecting scenarios and information scanning as competitive intelligence tools for policy planning in the state of Goiás

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arielle Lopes de Almeida

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Strategic intelligence is a continuous process related to information, aimed at identifying their relationships and connections to build future scenarios in order to minimize risks and thoughtless actions. The information environment is important to obtain, create, share and internalize knowledge for private and public sector. Objectives: The aim of the research paper is to identify if intelligence activities used for planning the activities and operations of the State of Goiás. Methods: The methodological procedures used in bibliographics research and interview. This is a case study, supported in a descriptive qualitative research. It identifies and analyzes intelligence activities used in the departments of Management and Planning, Industry and Commerce and Public Safety. Resultados: It was found that there is no unified process of exploration and monitoring in the state of Goiás. There are investments in intelligence, however, they are not effectively employed or well managed. Conclusion: Although strategic intelligence serves as guideline of exploration and scanning process. This research indicates the main scenarios to be followed in public administration in the state of Goiás, however, there are gaps in their implementation.

  18. Information gathering, management and transferring for geospatial intelligence - A conceptual approach to create a spatial data infrastructure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nunes, Paulo; Correia, Anacleto; Teodoro, M. Filomena

    2017-06-01

    Since long ago, information is a key factor for military organizations. In military context the success of joint and combined operations depends on the accurate information and knowledge flow concerning the operational theatre: provision of resources, environment evolution, targets' location, where and when an event will occur. Modern military operations cannot be conceive without maps and geospatial information. Staffs and forces on the field request large volume of information during the planning and execution process, horizontal and vertical geospatial information integration is critical for decision cycle. Information and knowledge management are fundamental to clarify an environment full of uncertainty. Geospatial information (GI) management rises as a branch of information and knowledge management, responsible for the conversion process from raw data collect by human or electronic sensors to knowledge. Geospatial information and intelligence systems allow us to integrate all other forms of intelligence and act as a main platform to process and display geospatial-time referenced events. Combining explicit knowledge with person know-how to generate a continuous learning cycle that supports real time decisions, mitigates the influences of fog of war and provides the knowledge supremacy. This paper presents the analysis done after applying a questionnaire and interviews about the GI and intelligence management in a military organization. The study intended to identify the stakeholder's requirements for a military spatial data infrastructure as well as the requirements for a future software system development.

  19. A recovery method using recently updated record information in shared-nothing spatial database cluster

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JEONG Myeong-ho; JANG Yong-ll; PARK Soon-young; BAE Hae-young

    2004-01-01

    A shared-nothing spatial database cluster is system that provides continuous service even if some system failure happens in any node. So, an efficient recovery of system failure is very important. Generally, the existing method recovers the failed node by using both cluster log and local log. This method, however, cause several problems that increase communication cost and size of cluster log. This paper proposes novel recovery method using recently updated record information in shared-nothing spatial database cluster. The proposed technique utilizes update information of records and pointers of actual data. This makes a reduction of log size and communication cost.Consequently, this reduces recovery time of failed node due to less processing of update operations.

  20. Integration of Remotely Sensed Data Into Geospatial Reference Information Databases. Un-Ggim National Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arozarena, A.; Villa, G.; Valcárcel, N.; Pérez, B.

    2016-06-01

    Remote sensing satellites, together with aerial and terrestrial platforms (mobile and fixed), produce nowadays huge amounts of data coming from a wide variety of sensors. These datasets serve as main data sources for the extraction of Geospatial Reference Information (GRI), constituting the "skeleton" of any Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI). Since very different situations can be found around the world in terms of geographic information production and management, the generation of global GRI datasets seems extremely challenging. Remotely sensed data, due to its wide availability nowadays, is able to provide fundamental sources for any production or management system present in different countries. After several automatic and semiautomatic processes including ancillary data, the extracted geospatial information is ready to become part of the GRI databases. In order to optimize these data flows for the production of high quality geospatial information and to promote its use to address global challenges several initiatives at national, continental and global levels have been put in place, such as European INSPIRE initiative and Copernicus Programme, and global initiatives such as the Group on Earth Observation/Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEO/GEOSS) and United Nations Global Geospatial Information Management (UN-GGIM). These workflows are established mainly by public organizations, with the adequate institutional arrangements at national, regional or global levels. Other initiatives, such as Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI), on the other hand may contribute to maintain the GRI databases updated. Remotely sensed data hence becomes one of the main pillars underpinning the establishment of a global SDI, as those datasets will be used by public agencies or institutions as well as by volunteers to extract the required spatial information that in turn will feed the GRI databases. This paper intends to provide an example of how institutional