WorldWideScience

Sample records for innovation le reseau

  1. Comparaison du filtre adaptatif RIF et du filtre a base de reseau de ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Comparaison du filtre adaptatif RIF et du filtre a base de reseau de neurones pour le filtrage du courant de reference pour la commande du filtre actif parallele. C Benachaiba, A Bassou, B Mazari ...

  2. Fonds d'innovation pour le développement (FID) aux fins de la ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    innovation en santé dans le but d'améliorer les conditions de vie des pauvres dans le monde entier. Le Fonds d'innovation pour le développement (FID) appuiera des scientifiques et des établissements voués à la recherche en santé par le ...

  3. Fonds d'innovation en vaccins pour le bétail : renforcement des ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Fonds d'innovation en vaccins pour le bétail : renforcement des capacités de recherche. Ce projet donne l'autorisation d'appuyer le renforcement des capacités afin de mettre en place le Fonds d'innovation en matière de vaccins pour le bétail et de le gérer. Le Fonds vise à financer le développement de vaccins de qualité ...

  4. Adoption d'innovations agricoles par le truchement de services ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    L'agriculture est le fer de lance de nombreuses économies en développement, mais la capacité des petits agriculteurs privés de ressources à adopter des innovations agricoles est freinée par le manque d'accès à des services financiers adéquats. Des experts internationaux estiment qu'il existe un manque à gagner ...

  5. Financing Innovation | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    27 sept. 2013 ... As the fifth volume in a series of five books bringing together the results of intensive research on the national systems of innovation (NSI) in the BRICS countries – Brazil, Russia, India, ... Les équipes de recherche de calibre mondial se concentreront sur les nouvelles frontières de la recherche sur le cancer.

  6. Long-term transport network 2008-2017 investment forecast plan; Plan previsionnel d'investissements a long terme 2008-2017 sur le reseau de transport

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-07-01

    developments, TIGF has quantified the following projects: - The development of the existing EUSKADOUR link (Lussagnet - Bilbao connection) to increase exchange capacity on the Western Pipeline Corridor. - The development of a new connection with Spain to the east of the TIGF area (MIDCAT project (Midi - Catalonia)). If the market, which will be consulted in the near future, shows itself to be attracted to capacities in excess of those developed on the Western Corridor, then TIGF may decide to develop a new interconnection to the East of its area between Le Perthus and Barbaira (Carcassonne)

  7. Lele des universités africaines dans l'innovation au service du ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Un nouveau réseau de recherche s'intéressera aux façons dont les universités africaines peuvent contribuer à stimuler l'innovation sur le continent noir. Le projet de recherche permettra d'examiner dans quelle mesure les universités favorisent les innovations qui contribuent à l'insertion économique des populations ...

  8. Lele des institutions dans le processus de l’innovation ; l’apport de Thorstein Veblen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diane-Gabrielle Tremblay

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Nous nous intéressons ici au rôle des institutions dans le processus de l’innovation, puisque Veblen le met en valeur. Cet apport de Veblen nous paraît déterminant pour mieux comprendre l’innovation, surtout que l’on parle de plus en plus d’une diversité de formes d’innovation (technologique, mais aussi organisationnelle, sociale et de produit, et que celles-ci sont mieux comprises lorsque l’on tient compte du rôle des institutions dans la diffusion ou le blocage de l’innovation. Veblen met aussi en évidence le caractère parfois retardataire des institutions, ainsi que la réciprocité des effets entre technologie et institutions, autant d’éléments fort pertinents pour l’analyse, encore aujourd’hui.This paper addresses the role of institutions in the process of innovation, since Veblen highlights this role. This contribution of Veblen appears determinant to better understand the process of innovation, especially in a context where we are more and more interested in various forms of innovation (technological, but also organisational, social and product innovations; these various forms of innovation are better understood and analysed when the role of institutions in their diffusion or lack of diffusion is taken into account. Veblen also highlights the fact that institutions sometimes block or slow down the process of diffusion of innovations, as well as the reciprocity of effects between technology and institutions, contributions which are all the more important for the analysis of innovation today.

  9. Exponential experiment on a uranium-graphite lattice; Experience exponentielle sur un reseau uranium-graphite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leroy, J; Martelly, J

    1958-12-01

    An exponential experiment on a natural uranium and graphite lattice is described. The critical buckling for a cubic pile made with this lattice is B{sup 2} = 0.726 {+-} 0.011 m{sup -2} and the anisotropy {alpha} = (B{sub L}{sup 2}/B{sub T}{sup 2}) is 0.987 {+-} 0.006. The behavior of the neutron density in the lattice near the reflector and sources is discussed in detail. (authors) [French] Une experience exponentielle sur reseau a uranium naturel et graphite est decrite. Le Laplacien de la pile cubique nue, critique, constituee avec un tel reseau serait: B{sup 2} = 0.726 {+-} 0.011 m{sup -2} et l'anisotropie {alpha} (B{sub L}{sup 2}/B{sub T}{sup 2}) est egale a 0.987 {+-} 0.006. La perturbation apportee a la densite de neutrons dans le reseau par le voisinage du reflecteur est discutee en detail. (auteurs)

  10. Foundations for Innovation | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Graduates of the African Institute of Mathematical Sciences. ... with private business and providing incentives for technological innovation. Across Latin America, governments are creating supportive financing and regulatory environments to ...

  11. Innovation en matière de biocarburants sous le signe de l'inclusion ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Ce projet favorisera une innovation en matière de biocarburants qui prend en compte tous les acteurs pertinents, dont les femmes vivant en milieu rural. Les chercheurs ... Des chercheurs appuyés par le CRDI parlent de leurs expériences au Comité sur les ONG lors du forum de la Commission de la condition de la femme.

  12. Financing Innovation | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), au Brésil. Marcelo G. Pessoa de Matos est professeur adjoint et chercheur principal au RedeSist, un réseau de recherche sur les systèmes de production et d'innovation locaux établi ...

  13. Energy autonomy in Le Mené: A French case of grassroots innovation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yalçın-Riollet, Melike; Garabuau-Moussaoui, Isabelle; Szuba, Mathilde

    2014-01-01

    Local citizen-led initiatives relating to energy are developing strongly in Anglo-Saxon countries and a growing body of research is examining their innovative potential. In France, similar grassroots initiatives – albeit with certain specificities – only began to emerge recently and so far, very few studies have dealt with them. The purpose of this article is to propose an exploratory and in-depth analysis of one advanced French case: Le Mene', a pioneer in local energy autonomy. We examine the conditions under which the initiative emerged and the processes through which a grassroots innovation is formed. In studying this case (interviews, analysis of documents), comparing it with other sources of data (expert interviews, comparative observation of other initiatives) and taking stock of various social sciences studies, we show that a social innovation was produced in Le Mene' through the hybridisation of actors, sociotechniques and discourses. This initiative was innovative not only in terms of the scope of the mechanisms implemented, but also in terms of the social organisation behind the development of the projects and the capacity to use energy production as a social resource. Finally, we reflect on the possible diffusion of these grassroots initiatives and their policy implications in France. - Highlights: • The case study is the Le Mené, a pioneer case for local energy autonomy. • This case is an emerging grassroots innovation in France. • Hybridisation (combining diversity and frames) is at the centre of the innovation. • This study focuses on the hybridisation of actors, sociotechniques and discourses. • Examines the potential diffusion of grassroots initiatives in France

  14. Activity report 2015 Commission Perspectives du Reseau

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ricour, Olivia

    2016-01-01

    This document contains the activity report for 2015 of the Commission Perspectives du Reseau which has been set up by RTE to be the main body for organising a dialogue with all the actors of the energy sector and civil society about challenges and stakes of the electric power system on the medium and on the long term. It describes how this body aims at sharing knowledge and expertise of all stakeholders (publications, European platform for data transparency), at being a place for debating and enriching the understanding of tomorrow's important stakes for the power system (discussion of the issue of greenhouse gas emissions with an analysis of the impact of the CO 2 price signal on emissions by the European electricity system and results of the e-Highway 2050 European project). The road-map of the Commission works for 2016 is provided, as well as a list of members

  15. EAN - The European ALARA Network; EAN - Le Reseau ALARA Europeen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schmitt-Hanning, A. [Office federal de la radioprotection (BfS) (Germany); Crouail, P.; Drouet, F. [Centre d' etude sur l' evaluation de la protection dans le domaine nucleaire (CEPN) (France); Shaw, P. [Agence de protection sanitaire (HPA) (United Kingdom); Vermeersch, F. [EAN, Centre d' etude de l' energie nucleaire (SCK-CEN) (Belgium)

    2010-11-15

    The optimisation of radiation protection, or ALARA principle, which requires that exposures to ionising radiation be kept as low as reasonably achievable taking into account economic and societal factors, is the cornerstone of the radiation protection system since the late eighties. For many years now, cooperation of experts from different professional backgrounds and different organisations in the European ALARA Network (EAN) has significantly contributed to the development of the ALARA principle and its practical implementation in a range of radiation protection areas in Europe. This contribution presents the evolution and key activities of EAN as well as its mode of operation aiming at sharing experience and disseminating the ALARA culture in all relevant domains. It also describes the new challenges facing EAN and the strategic objectives of the Network for the forthcoming years. (author)

  16. Tensions on the electric network; Tensions sur le reseau

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garrigues, B.

    2001-10-01

    Facing the potential 12000 MW of wind power projects, it is necessary to solve quickly the management of queues for the connection to the french electric network. This paper presents the today situation and proposes solutions. (A.L.B.)

  17. Essais sur l’innovation environnementale : lele des relations verticales et despolitiques publiques

    OpenAIRE

    Mabrouk, Rania

    2017-01-01

    The innovation of the 21st century has no longer as a mere objective the survival of companies in the market and the stimulation of the growth at the country level. From now on, there is an urgent need to preserve the environment to ensure the development of present and future generations. Therefore, several empirical studies and theoretical accounts place the matter at the heart of innovation and economics fields of research. The first objective of this dissertation is to examine how ‐at a m...

  18. Le chercheur comme entrepreneur de l’innovation inter-organisationnelle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    François Pichault

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Notre interrogation quant aux modalités d’institutionnalisation des pratiques de régulation sociale émergeant au niveau inter-organisationnel nous a amenés à déployer une méthodologie de recherche-intervention de type entrepreneurial, qui a généré des données inédites et particulièrement riches. Ce choix méthodologique pose la question de notre capacité à analyser ces données ainsi que notre rôle entrepreneurial de manière réflexive. Le questionnement au cœur de cet article est double : d’une part, le chercheur peut-il être lui-même un « entrepreneur », et dès lors aller plus loin que la simple production de connaissances ? D’autre part, cette posture entrepreneuriale lui permet-elle de se poser à son tour en producteur de connaissances ? Nous répondrons à ces deux questions à l’appui de deux études de cas, grâce auxquelles nous mettrons en lumière diverses facettes de l’action d’un « chercheur-entrepreneur ».The researcher as an « entrepreneur » of inter-organizational innovationOur study about the institutionalization process of social regulation practices emerging at the inter-organizational level led us to develop an action-research methodology of entrepreneurial nature. This methodological choice gave rise to original and rich data, but simultaneously challenged our ability to analyze these data as well as our entrepreneurial role in a reflexive way. The central question of this paper is then twofold: on the one hand, can the researcher be an « entrepreneur », and go beyond the simple production of knowledge? On the other hand, can the researcher with an entrepreneurial position produce scientific knowledge? We will answer these two questions thanks to two case studies, which will allow us to highlight various facets of acting as a « researcher-entrepreneur ».El investigador jefe de empresa de la investigación entre organismos: problemática metodológica de una investigaci

  19. Physical Properties of P.V.C. Attenuated Network Copolymers Produced by Ionizing Radiation; Proprietes physiques des copolymeres obtenus sous l'action de rayonnements ionisants et dont le reseau est attenue par l'effet du chlorure de polyvinyle; Fizicheskie svojstva polivinilkhloridnykh obednennykh tsepej sopolimerov, poluchennykh v rezul'tate vozdejstviya ioniziruyushchej radiatsii; Propiedades fisicas de los copolimeros de redes atenuadas por cloruro de polivinilo obtenidos por irradiacion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pinner, S H [Tube Investments Research Laboratories, Hinxton Hall, Cambridge (United Kingdom)

    1960-07-15

    The cross-linking of polyvinyl chloride with ionizing radiation poses special problems. Due to rather unfavourable cross-linking and dislinking parameters for this polymer, the radiation doses necessary for high cross-link densities are uneconomicall y large and discolouration and dehydrohalogenatio n are simultaneously produced. These difficulties have been overcome by the incorporation into the P. V. C., prior to irradiation, of diallyl and triallyl esters. Heavily cross-linked products are thereby obtained with relatively low doses of ionizing radiation. Examination of the physical properties of the products suggests that these are not simply graft copolymers, which term normally implies the presence of long branch chains, but are polymer attenuated allyl networks. In these materials, the desirable properties of the parent polymer and of the allyl network are combined. The tensile strength, modulus and elongation of the attenuated network copolymers are presented and discussed as a function of temperature and of the concentration and functionality of the allyl ester. Reference is also made to the swelling and chemical resistance of the products. (author) [French] La reticulation du chlorure de polyvinyle sous l'action des rayonnements ionisants pose des problemes particuliers. Les parametres de reticulation et de degradation etant plutot defavorables pour ce polymere, les doses d'irradiation necessaires a l'obtention de fortes densites de pontage sont trop elevees pour donner des resultats economiquement interessants; elles provoquent simultanement la decoloration et la deshalogenhydratation. Il a ete possible de surmonter ces difficultes par introduction d'esters diallyliques et triallyliques dans le chlorure de polyvinyle, avant irradiation. Ce procede permet d'obtenir au moyen de doses d'irradiation relativement faibles des produits fortement reticules. L'etude des proprietes physiques de ces produits montre qu'il s'agit non pas de simples copolymeres greffes

  20. Droit d'auteur et innovation dans le monde en développement ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Quelques-unes des entreprises les plus importantes et les plus influentes du monde, telles Facebook, Apple, Google ou Amazon, ont réussi grâce à leur utilisation habile d'Internet. Les recettes de nombreuses entreprises reposent sur un modèle de fonctionnement qui rend possible et reconditionne le contenu généré par ...

  1. Les réseaux professionnels : facteur clé pour l'innovation et les performances dans le secteur viti-vinicole ?

    OpenAIRE

    Touzard, Jean-Marc

    2011-01-01

    L'article fait le point sur les recherches qui étudient lele des " réseaux professionnels " dans les processus d'innovation du secteur viti-vinicole. Après un rappel des définitions et méthodes d'analyse de ces réseaux, les résultats de recherches sont présentées dans quatre domaines : le changement de pratiques au vignoble, la construction de nouveaux marchés, l'innovation dans les caves coopératives, les relations avec les institutions de recherche. Les résultats montrent comment des for...

  2. Transition écologique d'un modèle d'innovation : la production de semences d'ignames en Haïti

    OpenAIRE

    Boyer, James; Temple, Ludovic

    2017-01-01

    Cet article montre comment le passage d'un modèle linéaire de l'innovation à un processus itératif, participatif et écologique modifie une technologie et permet de réaliser son adoption dans l'agriculture. Le cas d'étude est basé sur une technologie de multiplication de semences d'ignames en Haïti, la technique Miniset. Nous analysons l'évolution de cette technique au cours de la période 1990-2012 en mobilisant des entrevues avec 26 experts (chercheurs, techniciens, responsables d'ONG, agricu...

  3. Stimulation de l'innovation dans le secteur des services pour ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    À mesure que les pays en développement passent d'une économie agricole et industrielle à ... Cependant, malgré son rôle croissant, sa productivité progresse peu ... services and communication in Brazil : an analysis from a CDM framework.

  4. Innovations pour améliorer les vaccins pour le bétail | CRDI - Centre ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Nouveau webinaire IWRA/CRDI sur les changements climatiques et la gestion adaptive de l'eau. L'Association internationale de ressources en eau (IWRA), en étroite collaboration avec le CRDI, organise un webinaire intitulé "Changements climatiques et gestion adaptive de l'eau: des... Voir davantageNouveau webinaire ...

  5. Stratégie mondiale et innovations organisationnelles:le cas du passage du cinéma à la diffusion numérique

    OpenAIRE

    Livian, Yves

    2013-01-01

    the passage to digital cinema is an excellent example of a decision taken by a dominant actor,and of organisational innovations linked with a tecnological change. this case is interesting also for theoretical reasons:strategic change, creation of a market with norms,institutional adaptations; le passage à la diffusion numérique offre un excellent exemple d'adaptation d'un secteur(le cinéma) à une décision d'un acteur dominant,et d'innovations organisationnelles liées à un changement technolog...

  6. Changements organisationnels, structures industrielles et innovations environnementales : le cas des firmes industrielles françaises

    OpenAIRE

    Nadel, Simon

    2014-01-01

    La thèse analyse les déterminants de l’adoption des innovations environnementales dans l’industrie française et ses interactions avec les changements organisationnels, d’une part, et les structures industrielles, d’autre part. Elle offre tout d’abord une revue de la littérature économique qui fonde l’analyse de l’innovation environnementale. Elle propose ensuite une analyse empirique, sur données d’entreprise, du comportement éco-innovateur des firmes autour de trois éclairages. La première p...

  7. Le Contrat Administratif Normatif - Source du Droit de la Science et de l’innovation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victor Balmus

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Administrative law contract can serve as a basis both for subsequent completion ofadministrative regulations or individual, and the same type of contracts, becoming one of theconventional universal means of state administration, as well as acts as a means of overridingadministration state. Partnership Agreement between the Government and the Academy of Sciencesof Moldova is a genuine normative law contract and a conventional source of administrative lawsphere of science and innovation that ensure the competence of the Government delegation in theAcademy of Sciences of Moldova's sphere of science and innovation.

  8. Innovation en matière de biocarburants sous le signe de l'inclusion ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Les préoccupations à l'égard de la sécurité énergétique ont poussé le gouvernement de l'Indonésie à publier plusieurs décrets présidentiels en 2005 et en 2006 pour faire la promotion d'un programme national de biocarburants reposant sur une huile végétale extraite des graines du pourghère (Jatropha curcas), une ...

  9. Liens entre le savoir et l'innovation dans les services de gestion des ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Ce projet de recherche-action portera sur l'innovation dans la prestation de services par les administrations locales au Sri Lanka. Il ciblera principalement les administrateurs locaux chargés de la prestation des services de gestion des déchets solides. Les chercheurs établiront dans quelle mesure les interactions entre les ...

  10. Les métiers innovants de la formation. Le champ de la formation professionnelle et l'ingénierie de formation à distance

    OpenAIRE

    Marty, Olivier

    2013-01-01

    National audience; This document is extracted from a conference for PhD students at La Sorbonne University (Paris) about innovative teaching professions. It describes and analyses the crafts of vocational education as well as public distance education engineering.; Ce document est le support d'une conférence sur les métiers innovants de la formation. Après les définitions d'usage, il décrit et analyse les métiers de la formation professionnelle continue et l'ingénierie de formation à distance...

  11. Innovation

    Science.gov (United States)

    EPA frames innovation as critical to the protection of human health and the environment through initiatives such as sustainable practices, innovative research, prize competitions, innovation awards, partnerships, and community activities.

  12. La prise en compte des innovations en matière de mobilité dans la planification urbaine : le cas des Services de transports personnalisés (STP)

    OpenAIRE

    Castex, Élodie; Frère, Séverine; Groux, Annette

    2017-01-01

    Cet article s’intéresse à la façon dont la planification peut ou non permettre aux politiques de déplacements d’innover, de prendre en compte des nouveaux besoins et formes de mobilité. S’appuyant sur un travail de recherche qui porte sur la place des modes de transports alternatifs que sont le covoiturage, l’autopartage, le vélo-en-libre-service et le transport à la demande dans les politiques publiques, cet article tentera de comprendre comment les modes de déplacement innovants sont pris e...

  13. Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Janni; Yaganeh, Suzanne; Bloch Rasmussen, Leif

    2013-01-01

    This paper contributes to a theoretical discussion of creation of innovation with participants in, or outside, organisations. We address the creation of innovation with a complex theoretical understanding drawing on the Scandinavian and the Participatory Design tradition introducing two approaches...... to the processes of innovation. We ask if innovation can be initiated and enhanced looking at two collaborative approaches; participatory innovation (PIN) and cooperative innovation (COIN). We invite to dialogue and reflections on PIN’s conflict and creative frictions on one side and COIN’s complexity......, complementarity in diversity and the didactic scaffolding of the innovation process on the other side. Our contribution focuses on the methods and practices for facilitation of co-creating activities between different groups leading to cooperation, and innovation in thinking....

  14. Bourse de recherche : Innovation en matière de vaccins pour le bétail

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    6 sept. 2017 ... Date butoir : le 6 septembre 2017 Prière de noter que toutes les demandes doivent être présentées en ligne. Cette bourse de recherche est accessible uniquement aux citoyens kenyans.

  15. Formalisation d'un modèle de conception et d'innovation dans le domaine des bio-industries : cas des particules d'argile.

    OpenAIRE

    Lorentz , Romain

    2014-01-01

    This doctoral thesis was realized within the framework of a partnership between the Product Design and Innovation Laboratory of Arts et Métiers ParisTech and the Ecole de Biologie Industrielle. The research project behind our thesis aims to support the promotion of new clay particles having been patented by the EBInnov® laboratory. This new polyfunctional ingredient is designed to satisfy several applications in the bio-industries, including the pharmaceutical and cosmetic industry, the phyto...

  16. Technological innovation and sustainable development: The experience of Italian companies; Innovazione tecnologica e sviluppo sostenibile: le esperienze delle imprese italiane

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Malaman, R. [Istituto per la Ricerca Sociale, Milan (Italy)]|[Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei, Milan (Italy)

    1995-12-01

    Nearly 200 case studies of cleaner innovation technologies developed or adopted by Italian companies have been analysed after the building of an appropriate database. The article summarises the results of this analysis. Initially, the concept of cleaner technologies is introduced, and theoretical aspects related to generation and diffusion of cleaner technologies are discussed, including obstacles to the development, technological opportunities, market demand and appropriate conditions. Then, some features of cleaner innovative technologies are analysed from the database: localisation, size and sectorial distribution of innovative companies. evolutive stage of companies behaviour, the role of environmental policy, the capabilities of the national innovative system, the distribution of change technologies according to Pavitt`s tassonomy. The final paragraph includes some reflection on the use of innovation policy to promote cleaner innovative technologies.

  17. Innovators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    NEA Today, 2001

    2001-01-01

    Describes various innovations that have been developed to enhance education. These innovations include: helping educators help at-risk students succeed; promoting high school journalism; ensuring quality online learning experiences; developing a student performing group that uses theater to address social issues; and having students design their…

  18. Quelles voies pour le développement d'innovations agro-écologiques dans les pays du Sud?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mergeai, G.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available What are the best approaches to the development of agro-ecological innovations in developing countries?. Approaches to developing agricultural innovation have changed over time, as understanding of the ways in which innovation is produced and the role of the various stakeholders involved changed. In the 1960s and 70s, technology transfer - or the linear approach - was the main model used for agricultural innovation. The idea was that researchers develop technologies which are transferred to farmers through extension services, and that farmers then apply this on the ground. Even today, this approach remains present in a large number of programmes and institutions. In the decades which followed, the linear approach was criticised because of the dominant position of researchers in the production of knowledge and their static view of innovation. These defects were said to be at the root of the poor uptake of new technology produced by researchers. From the 1980s, there was a desire to involve farmers in the development of technological innovation by adopting participative approaches, taking into account the variety of components in their production systems. Farming systems research (FSR and the farmer field-schools promoted by the FAO are examples of this new vision. These approaches place greater emphasis upon farmers' knowledge in the innovation process. Over time, it became increasingly clear that technical change was not necessarily the main obstacle to improving agricultural performance. Other constraints, of an organisational and institutional nature, were often very limiting and hampered the application of existing technological innovation. This observation led, in the 1990s and 2000s, to the concept of innovation systems. It is now recognised that innovation arises from the interaction between the multiple actors who make up a system. These consist principally of farmers, researchers, agricultural extension agents, farming organisations and

  19. Swiss innovation and social networks: a thematic analysis in French-speaking print media and in the newspaper Le Temps

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ZIMMERLI Virginie

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Currently the themes of innovation and social networks appear in the content of press articles. Living in an Internet society where the users are increasingly involved in the innovation process, thus acting upon the notion of “Bottom–Up innovation”, as coined by Eric von Hippel (1998, 2005, 2013, indicates it is worthwhile to analyse the place of these terms in respect to our daily lives as well as their evolution over time. Are the terms innovation and social networks important in public debates? Which principles define the model of Swiss Innovation, often compared to that of Silicon Valley? As Switzerland’s position improves within the global innovation rankings over time, is it possible to observe in parallel increased occurrences of these themes in the press? Could the two notions of innovation and social networks be interlinked? Are there any enterprises, which appear through the media press, as particularly present in the fields of innovation and/or social networks?

  20. Innovation

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In recent years ULA has emphasized advocacy, and contributed to progress towards new legislation (freedom of information, copyright, the ... East African Community e-government strategy) of importance to the library and ... Innovation Vol.

  1. L’interdisciplinarité en partage : collaborer pour innover. Le projet «dessins de Dieu»

    OpenAIRE

    Darbellay, Frédéric; Vinck, Dominique; Cocco, Christelle; Dessart, Grégory; Dandarova, Zhargalma; Brandt, Pierre-Yves

    2018-01-01

    Cette contribution révèle le double enjeu de la recherche interdisciplinaire qui réside de manière complémentaire dans l’avancement du dialogue entre les disciplines et dans la co- production de nouvelles méthodes et techniques d’analyse. Au travers d’une méta-analyse d’un projet de recherche interdisciplinaire et multiculturel sur les représentations que les enfants se font d’agents surnaturels (i.e. des figures de «dieux»), nous étudions les enjeux épistémologiques et méthodolog...

  2. Le consumérisme politique : Une innovation régulatoire à l’ère de la mondialisation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-France Turcotte

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Cet article étudie le potentiel régulatoire du consumérisme politique à travers l’analyse de deux nouveaux mouvements sociaux économiques : la finance et la consommation responsables. La nouvelle génération de mouvement social, dont ces deux innovations témoignent, préside à l’institutionnalisation de mécanismes inédits ayant pour ambition de réguler le marché en fonction de critères sociaux et environnementaux. Mais ces mécanismes sont sujets à une dérive commerciale susceptible d’annihiler leur potentiel transformateur. Ces mécanismes méritent par ailleurs l’attention, dans la mesure où ils révèlent un compromis social au chapitre du contenu de la responsabilité sociale des acteurs économiques et donc des balises régulatoires à l’ère de la mondialisation.This article examines the regulatory potential of political consumerism through the analysis of two new economic social movements: finance and consumption. The new generation of social movement, of which these innovations are a manifestation, reflect the institutionalization of new mechanisms which aim to control the market according to social and environmental criteria. But these mechanisms are prone to a commercial drift likely to destroy their transformational potential. These mechanisms deserve attention insofar as they reveal a social compromise of the contents of the social responsibility of economic actors and thus of regulatory signals in the era of globalization.

  3. Innovation

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The purpose of Innovation journal of appropriate librarianship and information work in Southern Africa is to publish material on libraries, information supply and other related matters in South and Southern Africa. Vol 45 (2012). DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT Open Access DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT Subscription or Fee Access ...

  4. Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Torfing, Jacob; Ricard, Lykke Margot

    2017-01-01

    Innovation i krydsfeltet mellem forskellige styringsparadigmer i offentlige organisationer. New Public Governance gør det muligt at skabe offentlig værdi på nye måder. Men NPG er ingen trylledrik, der fra den ene dag til den anden skaber balance mellem borgernes store forventninger og en trængt ø...

  5. Le Centre d'innovation pour la résilience de l'Afrique de l'Est | IDRC ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    D'ici 2025, la pauvreté sera essentiellement concentrée dans les pays africains à faible revenu touchés par des conflits et de la violence. ... International Water Resources Association, in close collaboration with IDRC, is holding a webinar titled “Climate change and adaptive water management: Innovative solutions from the ...

  6. Technology channel fuel cells; Reseau technologique piles a combustible

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-07-01

    This document presents the PACo channel, its research and development program and the calendar of the first year. The PACo channel aims at stimulate the technology innovation in the domain of the fuel cells and organize collaborations between enterprises and research laboratories. (A.L.B.)

  7. Innovating for sustainable development in the field of energy; Innover pour un developpement durable dans le domaine de l'energie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    In transport applications, there will be no significant alternatives to hydrocarbons, in particular oil and gas, for many decades to come. In this context, IFP vocation is to innovate, develop and transfer the technologies that will enable the oil, gas and automobile industries and the wider community to achieve sustainable development while preserving the environment. IFP research topics are accordingly organized around two strategic themes: renew, extend and diversify world hydrocarbon resources (oil, gas, derivatives and substitutes); reduce the impact of the oil and gas industry on the environment. (author)

  8. Innovation

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Présenté par FutuRIS, plate-forme prospective sur la recherche, l’innovation et la société animée par l’Association Nationale de la Recherche et de la Technologie, ce volume livre un panorama du système français de recherche et d’innovation dans son environnement européen. Sont abordés dans une première partie les champs décisionnels concernés, les politiques nationales menées en matière de R&D, les relations entre enseignement supérieur et recherche et l’Espace européen de la recherche à l’h...

  9. INNOVATION

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Helms, Niels Henrik

    2012-01-01

    Kravet om innovation og kreativitet er på flere måder en stor og en ny udfordring for voksenuddannelserne. Det udfordrer det didaktiske dilemma, det at vi skal gøres til kompetente og frie mennesker gennem pædagogiske handlinger, som netop pålægger os en ufrihed. – Men hvor denne ufrihed tidligere...... kunne begrundes med, at skolen eller uddannelsen vidste bedre, så er det ikke længere tilfældet. Skolen skal sørge for, at vi lærer noget – og ikke noget andet. Men det kan ikke længere med bestemthed afgøres, hvad det er vi skal lære i skolen, fordi det nye, det kreative og ikke mindst innovative...

  10. Le modèle de la firme-réseau : innovation ou réinvention anglo-saxonne ? The Network Company Model: An Anglo-Saxon Innovation or just a Re-invention?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olivier de Gromard

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Since the early 1980s, the network company has become more widespread as it is considered the most appropriate organisational structure in a global economy. It is commonly agreed that this type of organisation is an Anglo-Saxon model. The aim of this article is to give some insights into this current opinion, through two complementary analyses: the first one investigates the link between the innovative boost in Anglo-Saxon countries and the creation of the network company model; the second one considers the role of traditional Chinese capitalism in the exceptional economic success of Hong Kong under British sovereignty.

  11. Le Kenya nomme le titulaire de sa première chaire de recherche

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    14 avr. 2016 ... De concert avec le CRDI, la National Commission for Science, Technology and Innovation (NACOSTI) du Kenya a inauguré sa première chaire de recherche à Nairobi, le 31 mars 2015. Le professeur Fabian Omoding Esamai, qui dirige actuellement le College of Health Sciences de la Moi University, a été ...

  12. Le FIVB annonce le financement de cinq autres projets | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    10 avr. 2018 ... En partenariat avec la Fondation Bill et Melinda Gates et Affaires mondiales Canada, le CRDI est heureux d'annoncer la prochaine série de projets soutenus par le Fonds d'innovation en matière de vaccins pour le bétail (FIVB). À ce jour, 11 projets ont obtenu un financement total de 13,6 millions de CAD ...

  13. Theory of the diffusion coefficient of neutrons in a lattice containing cavities; Theorie du coefficient de diffusion des neutrons dans un reseau comportant des cavites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Benoist, P [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1964-01-15

    vitesse, et on met en evidence de nouveaux termes, dont l'existence entraine que la representation de l'aire de diffusion par le carre moyen de la distance en ligne droite de la source a l'absorption est inexacte dans un reseau. Ces termes sont toutefois d'un ordre de grandeur assez faible pour pouvoir etre traites comme une correction. L'expression generale fait d'autre part apparaitre pour le coefficient radial la serie des termes de correlation angulaire qui s'est revelee tres lentement conrergente pour de grands canaux ; le calcul terme a terme, entrepris dans le premier travail, a alors ete abandonne au profit d'une formulation globale, qui fait apparaitre une ressemblance avec le probleme du facteur d'utilisation thermique. L'emploi d'une methode integrale analogue a celle employee dans le calcul de ce facteur permet d'etablir de nouvelles formules pratiques simples, ne taisant intervenir qu'un petit nombre de fonctions de base. La precision de ces formules est tres bonne, comme le montrent les resultats d'une methode variationnelle etudiee a titre de reference. Divers effets correctifs sont ensuite envisages. On donne etalement des expressions permettant le traitement exact de grappes de barres. Une comparaison de La theorie et de divers resultats experimentaux est presentee, et on propose une nouvelle methode de mesure du coefficient radial. (auteur)

  14. Theory of the diffusion coefficient of neutrons in a lattice containing cavities; Theorie du coefficient de diffusion des neutrons dans un reseau comportant des cavites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Benoist, P. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1964-01-15

    vitesse, et on met en evidence de nouveaux termes, dont l'existence entraine que la representation de l'aire de diffusion par le carre moyen de la distance en ligne droite de la source a l'absorption est inexacte dans un reseau. Ces termes sont toutefois d'un ordre de grandeur assez faible pour pouvoir etre traites comme une correction. L'expression generale fait d'autre part apparaitre pour le coefficient radial la serie des termes de correlation angulaire qui s'est revelee tres lentement conrergente pour de grands canaux ; le calcul terme a terme, entrepris dans le premier travail, a alors ete abandonne au profit d'une formulation globale, qui fait apparaitre une ressemblance avec le probleme du facteur d'utilisation thermique. L'emploi d'une methode integrale analogue a celle employee dans le calcul de ce facteur permet d'etablir de nouvelles formules pratiques simples, ne taisant intervenir qu'un petit nombre de fonctions de base. La precision de ces formules est tres bonne, comme le montrent les resultats d'une methode variationnelle etudiee a titre de reference. Divers effets correctifs sont ensuite envisages. On donne etalement des expressions permettant le traitement exact de grappes de barres. Une comparaison de La theorie et de divers resultats experimentaux est presentee, et on propose une nouvelle methode de mesure du coefficient radial. (auteur)

  15. Le Conseil des gouverneurs | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2 nov. 2010 ... La gouvernance du CRDI. Reddition de comptes, transparence et efficacité. Au cours de l'exercice 2009–2010, le Conseil des gouverneurs du CRDI a adopté un nouveau cadre stratégique quinquennal, Le développement par l'innovation. Pendant de nombreux mois, les gouverneurs et les membres de la ...

  16. Robot calibration with a photogrammetric on-line system using reseau scanning cameras

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diewald, Bernd; Godding, Robert; Henrich, Andreas

    1994-03-01

    The possibility for testing and calibration of industrial robots becomes more and more important for manufacturers and users of such systems. Exacting applications in connection with the off-line programming techniques or the use of robots as measuring machines are impossible without a preceding robot calibration. At the LPA an efficient calibration technique has been developed. Instead of modeling the kinematic behavior of a robot, the new method describes the pose deviations within a user-defined section of the robot's working space. High- precision determination of 3D coordinates of defined path positions is necessary for calibration and can be done by digital photogrammetric systems. For the calibration of a robot at the LPA a digital photogrammetric system with three Rollei Reseau Scanning Cameras was used. This system allows an automatic measurement of a large number of robot poses with high accuracy.

  17. SGN-Reseau Eurisys participates to the Hanford military site rehabilitation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1996-01-01

    Numatec Hanford Corporation, a subsidiary company of SGN-Reseau Eurisys and Cogema, gained with Fluor Daniel the contract for the rehabilitation of the old military nuclear centre of Hanford (Washington, USA). This contract of 5 years represents 5 billions of US dollars with 300 millions of dollars for the French part. This short paper gives a general description of the Hanford installations and of the partners involved in the contract: Fluor Daniel consortium, Lockheed Martin, Babcock and Wilcox, Duke Engineering and Services, Rust Federal Services, Numatec Hanford Corporation (NHC), SGN-Eurisys Services Corporation (SESC). The schedule comprises: the stabilisation of the residual plutonium in all installations before December 1999, the removal of muds and debris from the K storage pool of irradiated fuels before June 2000, the draining and cleaning of the high activity storage tanks before December 2001 and the general decontamination of the installations up to the year 2005. (J.S.)

  18. Reseau Environnement's brief on the project regarding atmospheric regulations : submitted to the Minister of Sustainable Development, Environment and Parks

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2006-01-01

    Reseau Environnement is a Montreal-based organization that promotes the protection of ecosystems and human health. Their mandate is to extend the existing standards for reducing pollutants and to tap the full potential of Quebec expertise in addressing pollution sources. Reseau Environnement recently appealed to the Quebec Minister of Sustainable Development, Environment and Parks to develop clear, flexible and modern regulations for Quebec, similar to those found in Europe and the United States, to efficiently control atmospheric emissions in an effort to counteract the negative effects they impart on ecosystems and human health. Among the requests was the revision of certain pollution regulation clauses to regulate odor emissions; identify preferred measuring methods for pollutants; apply ambient air quality standards to existing installations; apply standards for particulates; impose requirements for the frequency of pollution sampling and make changes to some components of Montreal's Regulation 90 regarding air pollution from industrial activities. 13 refs

  19. La recherche sur commande et le dilemme expert-chercheur : une analyse réflexive de l’implication du sociologue dans la mise en œuvre d’une politique publique de l’innovation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabien Labarthe

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Le Conseil régional de Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur a demandé en 2008 à l’équipe Deixis-Sophia de l’école Télécom ParisTech une intervention sociologique pour accompagner la mise en place de « PACA Labs », programme d’aide à l’innovation visant à soutenir des expérimentations « grandeur nature » de produits et services numériques en région. L’objectif de l’intervention était d’aider le Conseil Régional dans le développement et la conduite de PACA Labs. La commande portait à la fois sur l’évaluation du programme et sur la construction d’un cadre méthodologique visant à intégrer les usagers dans les projets d’expérimentation, ainsi que sur la participation des chercheurs à la gouvernance du programme. L’article propose une contribution réflexive sur les conditions et les dynamiques de la relation entre production de connaissances et participation à l’action dans une situation d’intervention sociologique. Son objet est d’interroger le dilemme expert-chercheur tel que les auteurs l’ont vécu au travers de cette expérience de commande institutionnelle.

  20. The general formulation and practical calculation of the diffusion coefficient in a lattice containing cavities; Formulation generale et calcul pratique du coefficient de diffusion dans un reseau comportant des cavites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Benoist, P [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France).Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1959-07-01

    The calculation of diffusion coefficients in a lattice necessitates the knowledge of a correct method of weighting the free paths of the different constituents. An unambiguous definition of this weighting method is given here, based on the calculation of leakages from a zone of a reactor. The formulation obtained, which is both simple and general, reduces the calculation of diffusion coefficients to that of collision probabilities in the different media; it reveals in the expression for the radial coefficient the series of the terms of angular correlation (cross terms) recently shown by several authors. This formulation is then used to calculate the practical case of a classical type of lattice composed of a moderator and a fuel element surrounded by an empty space. Analytical and numerical comparison of the expressions obtained with those inferred from the theory of BEHRENS shows up the importance of several new terms some of which are linked with the transparency of the fuel element. Cross terms up to the second order are evaluated. A practical formulary is given at the end of the paper. (author) [French] Le calcul des coefficients de diffusion dans un reseau suppose la connaissance d'un mode de ponderation correct des libres parcours des differents constituants. On definit ici sans ambiguite ce mode de ponderation a partir du calcul des fuites hors d'une zone de reacteur. La formulation obtenue, simple et generale, ramene le calcul des coefficients de diffusion a celui des probabilites de collision dans les differents milieux; elle fait apparaitre dans l'expression du coefficient radial la serie des termes de correlation angulaire (termes rectangles), mis en evidence recemment par plusieurs auteurs. Cette formulation est ensuite appliquee au calcul pratique d'un reseau classique, compose d'un moderateur et d'un element combustible entoure d'une cavite; la comparaison analytique et numerique des expressions obtenues avec celles deduites de la theorie de BEHRENS

  1. From Rio to Johannesburg : The perspectives of NGO of the Reseau Action Climat

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Flipo, F.

    2002-01-01

    The Reseau Action Climat France (RCAF) (France Climate Action Network) was founded in 1996 with the goal of fighting against the risk of climatic change and to follow the implementation of sustainable development policies at the national level. The Climate Action Network (CAN), is comprised of in excess of 360 members from all five continents. A brief historical review of climatic change is provided, starting with the risk first being recognized at the end of the nineteenth century, through to the adoption of the Kyoto Protocol in 1997. Issues are discussed, ranging from the opinion of the general population in France that climatic change is unacceptable, and economic growth must be revised without the option of reverting to nuclear energy, to the belief that profound change in the development of industrialized nations is required. The long term positions of the RCAF are examined. They can be classified under the following headings: dispatching of damages and appropriateness of commitments of Parties with regard to the objective of the Convention, allocation of emissions quotas, links to sustainable development, and other perspectives. The author concludes by indicating that the situation form Rio to Johannesburg has deteriorated and that fighting against actual trends represents our best hope to mitigate climatic change. 24 refs., 2 figs

  2. Development scheme of the public power transportation network; Le schema de developpement du reseau public de transport d'electricite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    Article 14 of the modified law from February 10, 2000 relative to the modernization and development of the electric utility foresees that the development scheme of the public power transportation network is regularly submitted to the approval of the ministry of energy after advice from the energy regulation commission. The development scheme identifies the areas of 'power fragility' with respect to the existing or future constraints susceptible to occur at the short- or medium-term on the French power grid. This document comprises the text of the law 2000-108 from February 10, 2000, and the complete development scheme with its appendixes (regulatory and administrative context relative to network projects, constraints relative to each administrative region). (J.S.)

  3. Neutron density decay constant in a non-multiplying lattice of finite size; Constante de decroissance de la densite neutronique dans un reseau non-multiplicateur de dimensions finies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Deniz, V C [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Cadarache (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1965-07-01

    This report presents a general theory, using the integral transport method, for obtaining the neutron density decay constant in a finite non-multiplying lattice. The theory is applied to obtain the expression for the diffusion coefficient. The case of a homogeneous medium with 1/v absorption and of finite size in all directions is treated in detail, assuming an isotropic scattering law. The decay constant is obtained up to the B{sup 6} term. The expressions for the diffusion coefficient and for the diffusion cooling coefficient are the same as those obtained for a slab geometry by Nelkin, using the expansion in spherical harmonics of the Fourier transform in the spatial variable. Furthermore, explicit forms are obtained for the flux and the current. It is shown that the deviation of the actual flux from a Maxwellian is the flux generated in the medium, extended to infinity and deprived of its absorbing power, by various sources, each of which has a zero integral over all velocities. The study of the current permits the generalization of Fick's law. An independent integral method, valid for homogeneous media, is also presented. (author) [French] Ce rapport presente une theorie generale, par methode integrale du transport, pour determiner la constante de decroissance de la densite neutronique dans un reseau non-multiplicateur de dimensions finies. La theorie est appliquee pour obtenir l'expression du coefficient de diffusion. Le cas d'un milieu homogene avec absorption en 1/v et de dimensions finies dans toutes les directions est etudie en detail, en admettant une loi de choc isotrope. La constante de decroissance est obtenue jusqu'au terme en B{sup 6}. Les expressions pour le coefficient de diffusion et pour le coefficient de refroidissement par diffusion sont les memes que celles obtenues pour une geometrie 'plaque' par NELKIN qui utilise le developpement en harmoniques spheriques de la transformee de Fourier dans la variable d'espace. De plus, on obtient les

  4. Le FIVB annonce le financement de huit autres projets | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    5 avr. 2018 ... Découvrez les derniers récents projets soutenus par le Fonds d'innovation en matière de vaccins pour le bétail : Maladie de Newcastle · Pleuropneumonie contagieuse caprine – cowdriose · Plateforme de modification génétique CRISPR/cas9 · Entérotoxémie, la bactérie Pasteurella et la fièvre de la vallée ...

  5. Approches pour la reduction de l'impact de defaut dans le transport d'energie du parc eolien offshore via VSC-HVDC =

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benadja, Mounir

    Dans ce travail est presente un systeme de generation d'energie d'un parc eolien offshore et un systeme de transport utilisant les stations VSC-HVDC connectees au reseau principal AC onshore. Trois configurations ont ete etudiees, modelisees et validees par simulation. Dans chacune des configurations, des contributions ameliorant les cotes techniques et economiques sont decrites ci-dessous : La premiere contribution concerne un nouvel algorithme MPPT (Maximum Power Point Tracking) utilise pour l'extraction de la puissance maximale disponible dans les eoliennes des parcs offshores. Cette technique d'extraction du MPPT ameliore le rendement energetique de la chaine de conversion des energies renouvelables notamment l'energie eolienne a petite et a grande echelles (parc eolien offshore) qui constitue un probleme pour les constructeurs qui se trouvent confrontes a developper des dispositifs MPPT simples, moins couteux, robustes, fiables et capable d'obtenir un rendement energetique maximal. La deuxieme contribution concerne la reduction de la taille, du cout et de l'impact des defauts electriques (AC et DC) dans le systeme construit pour transporter l'energie d'un parc eolien offshore (OWF) vers le reseau principal AC onshore via deux stations 3L-NPC VSCHVDC. La solution developpee utilise des observateurs non-lineaires bases sur le filtre de Kalman etendu (EKF). Ce filtre permet d'estimer la vitesse de rotation et la position du rotor de chacune des generatrices du parc eolien offshore et de la tension du bus DC de l'onduleur DC-AC offshore et des deux stations 3L-NPC-VSC-HVDC (offshore et onshore). De plus, ce developpement du filtre de Kalman etendu a permis de reduire l'impact des defauts AC et DC. Deux commandes ont ete utilisees, l'une (commande indirect dans le plan abc) avec EKF integre destinee pour controler le convertisseur DC-AC offshore et l'autre (commande d-q) avec EKF integre pour controler les convertisseurs des deux stations AC-DC et DC-AC tout en

  6. Le Palais de l'Equilibre se mue en Globe de l'Innovation le canton pourrait aussi financer son aménagement sur la route de Meyrin

    CERN Multimedia

    Jan-Hess, Isabel

    2003-01-01

    Plans for the new Globe of Innovation have finally been agreed. It will be sited opposite the entrance to CERN along with a second building for conferences and meetings. The Globe will be used for welcoming visitors. The Geneva Canton could also finance its installation in Meyrin (2 pages)

  7. Processus d'innovation et recomposition des territoires agricoles : le cas du semis sous couvert végétal au nord du Cameroun

    OpenAIRE

    Dugué, Patrick; Olina Bassala, Jean-Paul

    2015-01-01

    Au nord du Cameroun, l'adoption des systèmes de culture sous couvert végétal (SCV) butte sur le partage des résidus de culture fourragers en saison sèche entre le bétail et la couverture du sol. Elle nécessite donc d'accroître l'offre fourragère et de prendre en compte les différents types d'élevage (villageois, semi-sédentaire, transhumant, etc.). Dans les conditions actuelles de pratique des SCV par les producteurs (faible couverture du sol, peu d'années successives en SCV) les effets atten...

  8. The regional laws to support technological innovation in Emilia Romagna: the principle legislative instruments; Le leggi regionali a favore dell`innovazione tecnologica in Emilia-Romagna: i principali strumenti agevolativi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grandi, M.

    1998-01-01

    The Emilia Romagna region supports the developpement and the economic growth of innovative SMEs with legislative instruments. These instruments give the chance to the companies to improve their law capitalization and to receive facilities of credit. In this following guide the opportunities offered by legislative instruments are synthesized in summarized schemes. Every scheme is structured in this way: beneficiary persons; dead lines and expire dates; measures and conditions of payment; priorities. Every summarized scheme contains information about the legislative sources and it is equipped with a schedule that stresses the effective assignment of contributions. [Italiano] Lo sviluppo e la crescita delle PMI viene sostenuto dalla Regione Emilia Romagna attraverso strumenti legislativi locali che, se utilizzati in sinergia con altri programmi di finanziamento nazionali e comunitari, permettono alle imprese di superare i limite della sottocapitalizzazione beneficiando di un credito agevolato. In questo documento le possibilita` offerte sul credito agevolato vengono riassunte in modo organico ed esaustivo indicando, per ogni strumento di finanziamento: i soggetti beneficiari; il termine di presentazione della domanda di contributo altre scadenze; la misura e la modalita` di erogazione dei contributi; le iniziative finanziabili: priorita`. Ogni schema riassuntivo contiene indicazioni sulle fonti legislative considerate ed e` correlato da una tabella che evidenzia i dati relativi all`effettiva erogazione dei contributi.

  9. À la recherche d’innovations dans l’enseignement du FLE destinées aux étudiants sinophones en mobilité interuniversitaire : le cas de Taïwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LEE Hsin-I

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Un nombre croissant d’étudiants sinophones vient en France pour poursuivre ses études. Afin de préciser les problèmes rencontrés, nous avons effectué des enquêtes auprès d’un échantillon de 90 étudiants taïwanais de diverses disciplines, durant les années universitaires 2013 et 2014, avant le départ et pendant le séjour en France. La question linguistique est souvent un problème majeur, mais elle n’est pas la seule. Les étudiants vont également faire l’expérience des différences culturelles. De plus, l’adaptation à la méthodologie universitaire soulève des difficultés. Notre conclusion consiste à proposer dans l’enseignement du FLE à Taïwan des innovations pédagogiques destinées à mieux préparer en amont les étudiants et ainsi leur permettre de mieux s’adapter au système éducatif français.

  10. Le développement de l'innovation au profit de l'habitat hautement efficace en énergie : Opportunités et défis liés à l’adoption des maisons passives

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mlecnik, E.

    2013-01-01

    Ces dernières années, nous avons vu une reconnaissance du potentiel significatif qui existe dans la réduction de l’utilisation de l’énergie par le biais de l’innovation dans les logements résidentiels, tout particulièrement les maisons passives. Pour exploiter ce potentiel, nous avons besoin de

  11. 26th May 2011 -Delegate to CERN Open Council sessions and European Commission Head of Unit for Joint Programming European Research Area, DG Research and Innovation R. Lečbychová visiting the CERN Control Centre with M. Pojer, accompanied by CERN S. Stavrev.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2011-01-01

    26th May 2011 -Delegate to CERN Open Council sessions and European Commission Head of Unit for Joint Programming European Research Area, DG Research and Innovation R. Lečbychová visiting the CERN Control Centre with M. Pojer, accompanied by CERN S. Stavrev.

  12. Conductivite dans le modele de Hubbard bi-dimensionnel a faible couplage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergeron, Dominic

    Le modele de Hubbard bi-dimensionnel (2D) est souvent considere comme le modele minimal pour les supraconducteurs a haute temperature critique a base d'oxyde de cuivre (SCHT). Sur un reseau carre, ce modele possede les phases qui sont communes a tous les SCHT, la phase antiferromagnetique, la phase supraconductrice et la phase dite du pseudogap. Il n'a pas de solution exacte, toutefois, plusieurs methodes approximatives permettent d'etudier ses proprietes de facon numerique. Les proprietes optiques et de transport sont bien connues dans les SCHT et sont donc de bonne candidates pour valider un modele theorique et aider a comprendre mieux la physique de ces materiaux. La presente these porte sur le calcul de ces proprietes pour le modele de Hubbard 2D a couplage faible ou intermediaire. La methode de calcul utilisee est l'approche auto-coherente a deux particules (ACDP), qui est non-perturbative et inclue l'effet des fluctuations de spin et de charge a toutes les longueurs d'onde. La derivation complete de l'expression de la conductivite dans l'approche ACDP est presentee. Cette expression contient ce qu'on appelle les corrections de vertex, qui tiennent compte des correlations entre quasi-particules. Pour rendre possible le calcul numerique de ces corrections, des algorithmes utilisant, entre autres, des transformees de Fourier rapides et des splines cubiques sont developpes. Les calculs sont faits pour le reseau carre avec sauts aux plus proches voisins autour du point critique antiferromagnetique. Aux dopages plus faibles que le point critique, la conductivite optique presente une bosse dans l'infrarouge moyen a basse temperature, tel qu'observe dans plusieurs SCHT. Dans la resistivite en fonction de la temperature, on trouve un comportement isolant dans le pseudogap lorsque les corrections de vertex sont negligees et metallique lorsqu'elles sont prises en compte. Pres du point critique, la resistivite est lineaire en T a basse temperature et devient

  13. The Nature of the Phonon Spectrum and the Analysis of Lattice Thermal Conductivity; Nature du Spectre des Phonons et Analyse de la Conductibilite Thermique du Reseau; Kharakter fononnogo spektra i analiz teploprovodnosti reshetki; Naturaleza del Espectro Fononico y Analisis de la Conductividad Termica Reticular

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Joshi, S. K.; Sharma, K. C. [Physics Department, Allahabad University, Allahabad (India)

    1965-04-15

    auteurs presentent les resultats d'une etude sur la conductibilite thermique des reseaux effectuee au moyen d'un spectre de phonons plus precis que le spectre de phonons analogue au modele de Debye, utilise d'ordinaire, qui est constitue par une seule branche acoustique moyenne. Pour calculer les variations en fonction de la temperature de la conductibilite thermique du reseau du germanium, ils ont utilise tout d'abord un modele anisotrope de dispersion en continu et suivi comme methode une version modifiee de la formulation de Callaway. Pour effectuer la sommation d'integrales complexes sur les frequences du reseau, ils ont applique la methode d'integration a six et trois termes de Houston. On utilise les expressions appropriees des temps de relaxation pour les diffusions a la frontiere et les diffusions dues aux impuretes ainsi que pour le processus normal a trois phonons et le processus Umklapp. Pour le germanium entre 2 et 1000 Degree-Sign K, on obtient une concordance satisfaisante avec les donnees experimentales de Holland et de Slack et Glassbrenner en ajustant les quatre constantes presentes dans les integrales. D'apres des donnees de spectroscopie des neutrons dignes de foi, on sait que le germanium comporte des branches transversales tres dispersees et qu'un modele anisotrope de dispersion en continu en donne aussi une mauvaise representation. Les auteurs ont donc juge bon d'utiliser le modele des couches tres complexes pour la dynamique de reseau du germanium presente pai Cochran. En ajustant les parametres entrant dans la formulation qu'ils ont utilisee pour le calcul de la conductibilite thermique du reseau, ils ont egalement obtenu des resultats concordant avec les donnees experimentales. Ceci leur a donne a penser que la nature du spectre des phonons n'a pas une grande influence sur l'analyse des donnees relatives a la conductibilite thermique du reseau suivant les methodes actuelles, et que le spectre des phonons perd de sa precision en raison de l

  14. Commercialization of innovative clean technologies : manufacturing know-how in Italian industry; Generazione e diffusione di tecnologie pulite: le esperienze delle imprese italiane

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Malaman, S [Istituto per la Ricerca, Milan (Italy); [Fondazione ENI, Enrico Mattei, Milan (Italy); Cima, S [Istituto per la Ricerca Sociale, Milan (Italy)

    1995-06-01

    Last years show an increasing effort of the Italian industry toward the reduction of the environmental impact of both production processes, products utilization and their final disposal. On account of this trend, the target of our research is to understand its general characters. For this reason a database has been implemented on innovative grounds. It provides data on the main innovative clean technologies developed by the Italian industry to cut down external effects (192 clean technologies within 168 companies) and offers a new approach to the issue by turning attention from the company case studies to the technological ones. Thanks to this methodology it is possible to study the companies` strategy according to the legal and industrial environment. Actually this work tries to explain the behaviour of Italian companies related to their perception of the environmental policy, competitors strategy and consumers choice focusing on sectorial, dimensional and geographical distribution of clean technologies. It is also concerned with the analysis of company costs and benefits resulting from the introduction of clean technologies, processes and products together with the capacity of combining environmental with economic targets.

  15. Le Sanskrit

    CERN Document Server

    Balbir, Nalini

    2013-01-01

    Cet ouvrage est destiné à tous ceux qui souhaitent se mettre ou se remettre à l'étude du sanskrit et ne peuvent y consacrer que quelques minutes par jour. En suivant le principe de la méthode quotidienne Assimil, vous acquerrez progressivement le vocabulaire et la grammaire de base qui sont nécessaires à la lecture des textes de la littérature sanskrite classique. Vous trouverez dans cette méthode une approche vivante de la langue et de la culture sanskrite classique à travers des textes d'abord adaptés pour le débutant puis authentiques. En quelques mois, vous manierez la langue sans efforts ni hésitation, de manière très naturelle. Les enregistrements reprennent l'intégralité des textes en sanskrit des leçons et des exercices de traduction du livre. Ils sont interprétés, à un rythme progressif, par des locuteurs natifs professionnels.

  16. Nord-Cotentin radioecology group: an innovative experiment in pluralist expertise; Le groupe Radioecologie Nord-Cotentin: une experience originale d'expertise pluraliste

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lochard, J.; Schneider, T.; Crouail, P. [Centre d' Etude sur l' Evaluation de la Protection dans le Domaine Nucleaire, 92 - Fontenay-aux-Roses (France); Heriard-Dubreuil, G.; Gadbois, S. [Mutadis, 92 - Fontenay aux Roses (France); Oudiz, A. [CEA Fontenay-aux-Roses, 92 (France). Inst. de Protection et de Surete Nucleaire

    2000-11-01

    This report gives a synthetic overview of the procedure and the main results of the GRNC (Nord-Cotentin Radioecology Group), and lessons that can be drawn from it. In particular, it is intended to demonstrate the innovation of the pluralist approach adopted by summarizing its historic context and differences with the similar experiment carried out in the United Kingdom for the Sellafield nuclear site 1. It also presents the different steps in the evaluation of exposures and risks associated with ionising radiation. Finally, it emphasizes prospects opened as a result of the Group's experiment on the involvement of stakeholders in the evaluation and management of radiological risk. This final aspect could open up new means of ''preventively'' dealing with questions related to risks to health and the environment inherent to industrial activities. (A.L.B.)

  17. Innovation et système des brevets aux États-Unis : un modèle en question(s Innovation and the U.S. Patent System: A model questioned

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martine Azuelos

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available In an effort to promote economic growth by stimulating innovation, the Founding Fathers engraved the concept of patent in the Constitution of the United States by granting Congress the power “to promote the progress of science and useful arts, by securing for limited times to authors and inventors the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries.” This article focuses first on the origins of the inclusion of this reference to intellectual/industrial property rights in the U.S. Constitution and its enduring influence on the U.S. patent system in the 19th and 20th centuries. It also stresses the impact of this patent system on the development of innovation in the U.S. during this period, and its influence on industrial property protection systems developed abroad. Last but not least, it shows that the advent of globalisation and the knowledge economy have recently led to a questioning of the model, both in the U.S. and abroad.

  18. NiTi SMA Wires Coupled with Kevlar Fabric: a Real Application of an Innovative Aircraft LE Slat System in SMAHC Material

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guida, M.; Marulo, F.; Russo, S.

    2018-04-01

    This paper investigates experimentally and numerically the response of a smart hybrid thermoplastic aircraft slat system subjected to a short-duration and high-frequency event like a birdstrike. The focus of the paper is to exploit the ability that superelastic shape memory alloys have to absorb and dissipate energy compared to conventional composite structures. The final objective of the work is to develop an innovative thermoplastic wing leading edge slat able to resist to an impact of 4-lb (1.8 kg) bird at speed of 350 kts (132 m/s), as requested by the aeronautical requirements. Aircraft leading edges must be certified for a proven level of bird impact resistance. In particular, the main structural requirement is to protect the torsion box and control devices from any significant damage caused by birdstrike in order to allow the aircraft to land safely. A clear increase of the composites toughness and higher absorbed energy levels before failure were also observed. This is due to the fact that SMA wires can absorb kinetic energy during the impact due to their remarkably large failure and recoverable strain and to their superelastic and hysteretic behaviour. The activities have been performed within the European Project COALESCE "Cost Efficient Advanced Leading Edge Structure", funded by the Seventh Framework Program Theme 7 Transport (incl. Aeronautics).

  19. Le tourisme alpin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Macchiavelli

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available La forte croissance qu’ont connue les pays alpins dans les dernières décennies a surtout été fondée sur l’offre des activités du ski, avec comme conséquence, un massif développement immobilier, la multiplication d’infrastructures et l’extension des domaines. Aujourd’hui, le marché du ski semble arriver à saturation, la Convention alpine a mis un frein à la poursuite du développement des domaines skiables et on observe donc avec intérêt la diversification de l’offre soutenue par l’innovation. Après avoir rappelé les facteurs de changement en cours les plus significatifs dans le tourisme montagnard, l’article présente une grille interprétative de l’évolution des destinations touristiques alpines, identifiant les phases qui ont caractérisé son développement. Puis il propose une réflexion sur certaines conditions qui peuvent favoriser l’innovation dans le tourisme alpin, ainsi que sur les contradictions qui les accompagnent souvent. Dans la plupart des cas l’innovation est le résultat d’un processus qui a été lancé et qui s’est développé au sein de la communauté alpine, souvent favorisé et soutenu par des institutions nationales et internationales, et grâce auquel les difficultés structurelles qui ont déjà été abordées précédemment ont pu être surmontées avec succès.The spectacular increase in tourism in the Alps in recent decades has been founded mainly on the boom in skiing, resulting in both strong real estate development and an increasing array of infrastructures and ski runs. Today the ski market seems to have virtually reached saturation point and the winter sports sector needs to diversify its offer through innovation. After a review of the main factors of change in mountain tourism, the paper presents a grid for interpreting the life cycle of alpine destinations, identifying the phases that characterize their evolution. The conditions that may favour innovation in alpine

  20. The fast neutrons reactors, the sodium, the fuel cycle: evaluation of the knowledge, innovation potential and forecast; Les reacteurs a neutrons rapides, le sodium, le cycle du combustible: bilan de l'acquis, potentiel d'innovation et perspectives d'avenir

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moreau, J

    2002-07-01

    This document presents the study, the design and the construction of fast neutrons reactors, cooled with sodium. From this evaluation, it details the innovation possibilities of this sector in the sustainable development context of the nuclear energy. Chapter one presents the physical and physico-chemical properties of the sodium. Chapter two analyzes the properties of the fast cores and the sodium advantages. Chapter three analyzes the great contribution of the EFR project. Chapter four takes stock on the innovation possibilities. And before the conclusion, chapter five shows that the fast neutrons reactors allow the electric power production in agreement with a sustainable development. (A.L.B.)

  1. Tables of formulae for calculating the mechanics of stacks in gas-graphite reactors; Formulaire pour le calcul de la mecanique des empilements des reacteurs graphite-gaz

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1968-07-01

    This collection of formulae only gives, for nuclear graphite stacks. The mechanical effects due to the strains, thermal or not, of steel structures supporting or surrounding graphite blocks. Equations have been established by mean of experiments made at Chinon with large pile models. Thus, it is possible to calculate displacement, strain and stress in the EDF type stacks of horizontal triangular block lattice. (authors) [French] Le domaine de ce formulaire est strictement limite aux effets mecaniques, pour les empilements, des deformations, thermiques ou autres, des structures metalliques de soutien (aire - support et corset). On propose un ensemble de relations qui ont ete etablies a la suite des essais de CHINON sur des maquettes de grande taille. Ces relations permettent le calcul des mouvements, des deformations et des contraintes dans les empilements du type EDF, a reseau horizontal triangulaire regulier. (auteurs)

  2. Le CRDI au Brésil

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Les recherches subventionnées par le CRDI au Brésil ont permis d'éclairer les débats sur nombre de questions, dont la démocratie, la croissance économique, la santé, les services sociaux, l'innovation, la foresterie et l'eau. Pendant la dictature militaire, qui a pris fin en 1985, le CRDI s'est employé à assurer la survie de la ...

  3. The Role of the State | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    1 mars 2013 ... Voici le premier ouvrage d'une collection qui en comptera cinq et qui colligera les résultats de recherches intensives sur les systèmes d'innovation nationaux dans les pays BRICS : le Brésil, la Russie, l'Inde, la Chine et l'Afrique du Sud. The Role of the State analyse lele de l'État dans le déploiement de ...

  4. Lattice Dynamics of Transition Metals; Dynamique de Reseau des Metaux de Transition

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Woods, A. D.B. [Chalk River Nuclear Laboratories, Chalk River, ON (Canada)

    1965-04-15

    'onde) pour les modes de vibration normaux de plusieurs cristaux de metaux de transition-a structure cubique centree ont fait recemment l'objet de mesures a la temperature ambiante. Les courbes de dispersion relatives au niobium, etablies par Nakagawa et Woods, presentent des particularites tres exceptionnelles et on n'a pu faire concorder les resultats obtenus avec la theorie a l'aide d'un modele Born et von Karman qu'en tenant compte des interactions englobant des voisins tres eloignes (au-dela du huitieme). En procedant ulterieurement a des mesures sur le tantale, Woods a obtenu des resultats tres semblables, ce qui n'est guere surprenant puisque le niobium et le tantale figurent dans la colonne V du tableau de la classification periodique et qu'ils possedent des proprietes electroniques analogues sous de nombreux rapports. Les courbes de dispersion etablies par Woods et Chen pour le molybdene et par Chen et Brockhouse pour le tungstene ont montre que si ces deux metaux qui figurent dans la colonne VI du tableau ont des relations de dispersion semblables l'une a l'autre, ces relations different sensiblement de celles des metaux de la colonne V, niobium et tantale. Les caracteristiques generales de la relation v(q) pour le molybdene et le tungstene peuvent etre decrites avec une grande precision au moyen d'un modele Born et von Karman de forces tenant compte d'une structure a symetrie axiale englobant le troisieme voisin, bien que plusieurs caracteristiques importantes ne soient pas reproduites par ce modele. Pour le molybdene, une de ces caracteristiques est une anomalie frappante de la branche (L) longitudinale [{zeta}{zeta}{zeta}] ou la frequence passe de v 6.3 x 10{sup 12} c/s pour {zeta} = 0.92 to v= 5.5 x 10{sup 12} c/s pour {zeta} = 1.0. Si cette caracteristique et d'autres, qui ont aussi ete observees, sont des anomalies de Kohn, leurs positions sont compatibles avec les dimensions de la surface de Fermi des metaux de la colonne V, proposees par Lomer. On peut donc

  5. Tanzanie | Page 18 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Read more about Fermented food for life (CIFSRF Phase 2). Langue English. Read more about Mobilisation au service de la préservation. Langue French. Read more about Lele des universités africaines dans l'innovation au service du développement inclusif. Langue French. Read more about L'emploi dans le secteur ...

  6. Publications | Page 133 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Le 28 juin 2006, le domaine de programme Innovation, politique et science (IPS) a présenté au Conseil des gouverneurs du CRDI un plan stratégique pour orienter la phase initiale (2006 2011) des recherches ... Simultanément, il explore certaines des options permettant d'envisager la revitalisation de ce processus.

  7. Le laboratoire, le temple et le marché

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    De manière générale, les auteurs insistent sur le fait que c'est leur foi qui leur a .... nettement que dans de nombreux cercles, le besoin était vivement ressenti de ... Le Dr Kapur présente tout d'abord une brève discussion sur sa vision du ...... pour les soins aux enfants orphelins et aux pauvres et pour la renaissance des ...

  8. Acquérir le vocabulaire juridique français par la construction d’un glossaire collaboratif sur Moodle : un défi innovant pour des étudiants chinois à l’université française

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jocelyne Sourisseau

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Les traditions d’apprentissage de l’étudiant chinois, fondées sur la mémorisation, sont difficiles à appliquer dans le cadre de l’étude du vocabulaire juridique français. Cet article présente la mise en place d’un nouvel outil : la construction collaborative d’un glossaire en ligne, à partir des fiches de droit, pour favoriser l’entraide, le partage du travail et une plus grande implication des apprenants dans la construction de leurs savoirs. Une enquête réalisée auprès des étudiants chinois à la fin du semestre nous informera sur les points forts et les points à améliorer de ce dispositif innovant.

  9. Note concerning the Ecasac programme; Note sur le programme ecasac

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bras, D [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1969-07-01

    The analytical programme developed by the firm I.B.M. for ECAP electronic circuits, operated initially on the IBM 1620 computer with a certain limitation on the size of the network studied, but already equipped from the conversational angle (type-writer). The IBM 360 computers made it possible to increase the size of the network treated to 50 nodes and 200 branches, but the conversational aspect was suppressed in the ECAP 360 version. With a view to making use of the possibilities of hybrid computers, we have adapted this latter version to the EAI 8400 computer. Without diminishing it in any way, we have modified it so as to provide it with conversational characteristics by using the computers control panel; to give it still further flexibility we have made it possible to record curves during the calculation operation, and to obtain a division of the printed results. To obtain the curves, use was made of analog digital converters of the interface of the hybrid unit EAI 8900 of which the EAI 8400 computer represents the numerical section. The modifications made concern in particular the A.C. analysis and the transient analysis. They facilitate and complete the input of the data; they allow modifications to be made for the calculation of these analyses; they also improve the presentation of the results and facilitate their interpretation. They constitute finally the version ECASAC, i.e. the programme ECAP 360 made conversational by use of a type-writer, with automatic output of the curves. (author) [French] Le programme d'analyse de circuits electroniques ECAP, mis au point par la firme I.B.M., a d'abord fonctionne sur ordinateur IBM 1620 avec une certaine limitation pour la taille du reseau etudie, mais deja une optique conversationnelle (machine a ecrire). Les ordinateurs IBM 360 ont permis d'accroitre la taille du reseau permis a 50 noeuds et 200 branches, mais par contre l'optique conversationnelle fut supprimee dans la version ECAP 360. Dans le but d

  10. The "RESEAU MATER": An efficient infection control for endometritis, but not for urinary tract infection after vaginal delivery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayzac, Louis; Caillat-Vallet, Emmanuelle; Girard, Raphaële; Berland, Michel

    "RESEAU MATER" is useful to monitor nosocomial infections in maternity and contributes to the decreasing trend of it, since its implementation. Specifically, this network demonstrates its efficiency in the control of endometritis following vaginal deliveries, but not in the control of urinary tract infections. The aim of this study is to determine whether the difference between the control of endometritis and of urinary tract infection could be explained by an unsuitable regression model or by an unsuitable care policy concerning urinary cares. This study includes (1) the analysis of historic data of the network and (2) the description of French guidelines for maternity cares and available evaluations, concerning endometritis and urinary tract infection prevention. Univariate and multivariate odds ratios (ORs) were calculated for the total study period of 1999-2013, for these infections and their risk factors. The endometritis frequency is decreasing, in association with no significant evolution of associated risk factors, but urinary tract infection frequency is constant, in association with a increasing trend of its risk factors such as intermittent catheterization and epidural analgesia. In French guidelines, all preventive measures against endometritis are clearly broadcasted by all field operators, and repeated audits have reinforced the control of their application. But preventive measures against urinary tract infection seem to be broadcasted exclusively in the circle of infection prevention agencies and not in the obstetrics societies or in the Health Ministry communication. Urinary tract infection prevention requires a clearer public and professional policy in favor of a more efficient urinary cares, with a specific target to maternity. Copyright © 2016 King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. Protocole d'entente entre le gouvernement de l'Inde et le CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    22 févr. 2018 ... Ce protocole d'entente réaffirme un engagement commun envers les données probantes et l'innovation en Inde en vue de favoriser le progrès social et ... Des chercheurs appuyés par le CRDI parlent de leurs expériences au Comité sur les ONG lors du forum de la Commission de la condition de la femme.

  12. Lattice Dynamics of Magnesium; Dynamique de Reseau du Magnesium; Dinamika reshetki magniya; Dinamica Reticular del Magnesio

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Iyengar, P. K.; Venkataraman, G.; Vuayaraghavan, P. R.; Roy, A. P. [Atomic Energy Establishment Trombay, Bombay (India)

    1965-04-15

    A group theoretical analysis of modes of vibrations in hexagonal close-packed lattices has been made. The results have been used to classify the phonons at some special points in the Brillouin zone and factorized the secular determinant. Dispersion relations for phonons in magnesium along the two symmetry directions [0001] and [0110] have been measured (at room temperature) more accurately than reported earlier. The measurements have been made using a triple-axis spectrometer and a ''window filter'' spectrometer, both operated in the ''constant-Q'' mode. The results are compared with calculations based on three- and four-neighbour axially symmetric models. It is observed that the four-neighbour model gives a reasonably good description of the data. Even better agreement is obtained with a four-neighbour tensor force model. The force constants derived from the experiment have been used to compute the frequency distribution. (author) [French] Les auteurs ont procede a une analyse theorique par groupe des niodes de vibration dans les reseaux a structure hexagonale compacte. Ils ont utilise les resultats pour classer les phonons en des points particuliers de la zone de Brillouin et analyser mathematiquement le determinant seculaire. Afin d'etablir les relations de dispersion pour les phonons du magnesium dans les deux directions de symetrie [0001] et [0110] (a la temperature ambiante), ils ont fait des mesures plus precises que celles qui ont ete signalees jusqu'a present. A cet effet, ils ont utilise un spectrometre triaxial et un spectrometre avec 'filtre a fenetre', l'un et l'autre dans le mode de 'Q constant'. Ils ont compare les resultats aux calculs fondes sur des modeles a symetrie axiale faisant intervenir les troisieme et quatrieme voisins. Ils ont constate que le deuxieme de ces modeles fournit une assez bonne description des donnees. Un modele de forces tensorielles englobant le quatrieme voisin assure une concordance encore meilleure. Les auteurs ont

  13. : tous les projets | Page 79 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Programme: Think Tank Initiative. Financement total : CA$ 1,497,007.00. Soutien organisationnel de la phase 2 de l'Initiative Think tank : Science, Technology and Innovation Policy Research Organization. Projet. Ce financement contribuera à renforcer lele de la Science, Technology and Innovation Policy Research ...

  14. Le vieillard et le chevalier

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mélanie JECKER

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available La fin du Moyen Âge fascine. Deux facteurs principaux expliquent l’attraction qu’exerce cette période : elle apparaît d’une part comme un moment historique riche car double, phase de transition entre le Moyen Âge et la Renaissance, où se mêlent des cadres de représentation anciens et nouveaux. L’insinuation d’une pensée humaniste balbutiante s’y traduirait notamment par l’émergence de la notion d’individu, qui constitue l’un des objets de ce travail. Il faut invoquer, d’autre part, l’image macabre d’un bas Moyen Âge hanté par l’idée de la maladie et de la mort depuis l’épidémie de peste noire de 1348, obsédé par la brièveté de la vie humaine. Ces deux facettes de « l’automne du Moyen Âge » tel que l’évoque avec poésie Joan Huizinga sont-elles autre chose qu’une plaisante image d’Epinal? Cette étude cherche précisément à déterminer le degré de validité de ces deux topiques, à travers l’analyse de la représentation des âges de la vie dans un corpus bien défini, celui de la biographie chevaleresque castillane du XVe siècle. L’intérêt porté à l’individu, la conscience de la singularité impliquent en effet celle du caractère mouvant de la personne, or quel thème mieux que celui des âges permet de confirmer ou d’infirmer l’hypothèse du surgissement d’une nouvelle manière de concevoir l’homme, proprement « renaissante », en ce siècle de transition , La nature même du corpus retenu – des récits biographiques – suggère en effet une mutation dans l’appréhension de la personne, une attention prêtée à sa progressive transformation. L’étude de la représentation de la vieillesse, en particulier, révèle non seulement à quel point était alors réelle cette prétendue obsession de la déchéance physique et de la mortalité, mais aussi dans quelle mesure étaient soulignés et valorisés les changements individuels parallèles à l

  15. Nanotechnologies et Génie Civil, comment coopérer pour innover ?

    OpenAIRE

    LEBENTAL, Bérengère

    2010-01-01

    On discute la gestion de projet innovant à partir de l'exemple du projet Nanosonar, un projet de coopération entre le CEA-LETI et le LCPC visant au développement de nanocapteur innovant pour le suivi de durabilité en génie civil.

  16. Transnational Corporations and Local Innovation | CRDI - Centre de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    25 sept. 2013 ... ... les ressources humaines, les structures du marché et l'innovation et le développement ... Dinesh Abrol est scientifique en chef au National Institute of Science, ... Le Centre de recherches pour le développement international est ... ont conclu un accord de coopération scientifique et technologique en ...

  17. RTE takes over Houilleres du Bassin de Lorraine's high voltage electricity network; RTE reprend le reseau electrique haute tension des Houilleres du Bassin de Lorraine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-12-01

    Houilleres du Bassin de Lorraine (HBL) decided to sell their high voltage electricity network to RTE. This takeover by RTE, the French transmission system operator, corresponds to the public service mission entrusted to it by the law of February 10, 2000, concerning the rational distribution of an electricity service in France and the local servicing of customers through the public transmission system.

  18. Tar in road system wastes - bibliographic study - quick characterization methods; Le goudron dans les dechets du reseau routier - etude bibliographique - methodes de caracterisation rapides

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brazillet, C.; Domas, J.; Pepin, G.

    2001-12-15

    In the framework of the european regulations on the wastes management, the road structure wastes present a particularly problem because of the tar content and of the toxic associated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. In order to chose the elimination or the valorization of these roads wastes, it is necessary to measure the tar content. After a presentation of the study objectives, a bibliographic study of the context, the challenges, the hydrocarbons, the tar characterization and the today situation of the french road network, the author presents the methods of PAH detection with a special attention on the well known methods: the PAK marker, the TSE and the toluene spot. (A.L.B.)

  19. The 'new' occupation of network manager; Le ''nouveau'' metier de gestionnaire de reseau

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vivies, P. de [Commission de Regulation de l' Energie, Dir. gaz, 75 - Paris (France); Von Burchardt, F. [Societe Ruhrgas, Dir. de la Strategie-Transport, 75 - Paris (France); Cattoor, H. [EASEE-Gas, 75 - Paris (France); Mendiluce, J. [ATR, Gas Natural SDG SA, Dir de Gesrion de Relations (Spain); Vercammen, F. [Primagaz GmbH, Comite Directeur (Germany)

    2003-12-01

    This paper gathers 5 presentations given at the 2003 gas congress of Paris about the network management activity. The first presentation presents the point of view of the commission of energy regulation (CRE) about the opening of the gas market, the tariffing of gas network access, the transparency about the available capacities, the opening of the professionals market to competition and the works in progress. The second presentation deals with the evolution of the gas transport activity in Germany. The third presentation presents the EASEE-gas association for the development of common commercial practices in the European gas market. The forth presentation treats of the evolution of the Spanish gas distribution market, while the last presentation presents the evolution of the liquefied petroleum gases (LPG) sector with the example of the supply of Hiddensee island in the Baltic sea. (J.S.)

  20. Forecast on the development of a transport network 2008-2017; Etude prospective sur le developpement du reseau de transport 2008-2017

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-07-01

    This study on the gas transport network for 2008-2017 is presented in five parts. The first part presents the main characteristics of the GRTgas network and capacity sizing. The second part details the elements presenting a possible impact on the network development. The policy and strategy concerning the infrastructure development are presented in the third part. The part four deals with the development projects needed to the satisfaction of the market capacity supply. The last part is a synthesis of the investments on the period. (A.L.B.)

  1. Development scheme of the public power transportation network; Le schema de developpement du reseau public de transport d'electricite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    Article 14 of the modified law from February 10, 2000 relative to the modernization and development of the electric utility foresees that the development scheme of the public power transportation network is regularly submitted to the approval of the ministry of energy after advice from the energy regulation commission. The development scheme identifies the areas of 'power fragility' with respect to the existing or future constraints susceptible to occur at the short- or medium-term on the French power grid. This document comprises the text of the law 2000-108 from February 10, 2000, and the complete development scheme with its appendixes (regulatory and administrative context relative to network projects, constraints relative to each administrative region). (J.S.)

  2. Le modele de Hubbard bidimensionnel a faible couplage: Thermodynamique et phenomenes critiques

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roy, Sebastien

    Une etude systematique du modele de Hubbard en deux dimensions a faible couplage a l'aide de la theorie Auto-Coherente a Deux Particules (ACDP) dans le diagramme temperature-dopage-interaction-sauts permet de mettre en evidence l'influence des fluctuations magnetiques sur les proprietes thermodynamiques du systeme electronique sur reseau. Le regime classique renormalise a temperature finie pres du dopage nul est marque par la grandeur de la longueur de correlation de spin comparee a la longueur thermique de de Broglie et est caracterisee par un accroissement drastique de la longueur de correlation de spin. Cette croissance exponentielle a dopage nul marque la presence d'un pic de chaleur specifique en fonction de la temperature a basse temperature. Une temperature de crossover est alors associee a la temperature a laquelle la longueur de correlation de spin est egale a la longueur thermique de de Broglie. C'est a cette temperature caracteristique, ou est observee l'ouverture du pseudogap dans le poids spectral, que se situe le maximum du pic de chaleur specifique. La presence de ce pic a des consequences sur l'evolution du potentiel chimique avec le dopage lorsque l'uniformite thermodynamique est respectee. Les contraintes imposees par les lois de la thermodynamique font en sorte que l'evolution du potentiel chimique avec le dopage est non triviale. On demontre entre autres que le potentiel chimique est proportionnel a la double occupation qui est reliee au moment local. Par ailleurs, une derivation de la fonction de mise a l'echelle de la susceptibilite de spin a frequence nulle au voisinage d'un point critique marque sans equivoque la presence d'un point critique quantique en dopage pour une valeur donnee de l'interaction. Ce point critique, associe a une transition de phase magnetique en fonction du dopage a temperature nulle, induit un comportement non trivial sur les proprietes physiques du systeme a temperature finie. L'approche quantitative ACDP permet de

  3. Le beau et le vrai

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Létitia Mouze

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available La vie des abeilles de Maeterlinck est un ouvrage à la fois scientifique et littéraire, non pas parce qu’il appartiendrait à la science par son exactitude et à la littérature par son style, mais en ce qu’il invite à penser l’unité des deux domaines. Les aspects littéraires de l’ouvrage (beauté de l’écriture, usage des images, de l’analogie, etc. ne sont pas des accessoires, mais des outils indispensables à l’élaboration d’un authentique savoir sur les abeilles, c’est-à-dire un savoir qui reconnaît la part d’inconnu et le mystère qui subsistent en dépit de toutes les explications physiques et mécaniques que l’on peut par ailleurs donner des phénomènes observés. Etre scientifique, dans cette perspective, c’est-à-dire donner à connaître, c’est donc être littéraire. Cette conception de la science repose en dernière instance sur une conception philosophique de l’univers comme un tout où toutes choses sont reliées, unies, par des relations d’analogies, ce qui fonde et justifie l’emploi d’un style symboliste.The life of bees, one of Maeterlinck’s works, is together a scientific and literary book, not because of it scientific exactness and its literary style, but for the reason it suggests the unity of both these domains. Literay’s aspects of this work (writing’s beauty, use of images, analogy, etc. are not secondary but necessary to elaborate an authentic knowledge about bees, that means a knowledge which admit the unknown part and the mistery that subsist despite all the physical and mechanical explanations we can give moreover about the observed phenomenons. Be a scientist, in this sense, that is give something to know, therefore means be literary. Finally, this conception of science consist in a philosophiacl conception of Universe as a whole where everything links together, and is united by analogical relations, that base and justify the use of a symbolist style.

  4. Accroître le potentiel des épargnes électroniques pour augmenter ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Le présent projet fera la lumière sur le fonctionnement du processus de négociation au sein des ménages, et les conséquences sur les épargnes individuelles et des ménages ainsi que les décisions économiques des femmes en Tanzanie. De plus, le projet vise à promouvoir le potentiel transformateur des innovations ...

  5. Determination of D{sub 2}O-2% Enriched Uranium Lattice Parameters by Means of a Critical System; Determination des Parametres d'un Reseau Uranium Enrichi a 2%-Eau Lourde au Moyen d'un Ensemble Critique; Opredelenie s pomoshch'yu kriticheskoj sistemy parametrov reshetki s 2%-nym obog ashcheniem Urana i s zamedlitelem D{sub 2}O; Determinacion, Mediante un Conjunto Critico, de los Parametros de un Reticulado de D{sub 2}O y Uranio Enriquecido al 2%

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Raisic, N.; Takac, S.; Markovic, H.; Bosevski, T. [Boris Kidric Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Belgrade, Yugoslavia (Serbia)

    1964-02-15

    The paper describes a series of experiments performed to determine the basic parameters of a D{sub 2}O-2% enriched-uranium lattice. The fuel elements were hollow cylinders, canned in aluminium and wetted by heavy water both on the inside and outside. The experiments were performed on the RB critical assembly of the Boris Kidric Institute of Nuclear Sciences in Belgrade. The clean geometry of this system enables a rather simple theoretical interpretation of experimental results, and straightforward comparison with two-group diffusion-theory calculations. Measurements performed for ten different lattice configurations included determination of buckling, water-level reactivity coefficient and disadvantage factors for thermal-and epithermal-neutron flux inside a reactor cell. Techniques for these measurements are described. The experimental data are then used to derive the lattice parameters defined by the four-factor formula and two-group diffusion-theory treatment of the reactor core. The results are compared with the standard calculations of the same parameters for measured lattice configurations. Deviations are found in the value of n and resonance integral for U{sup 238}. In conclusion, an analysis is made of the usefulness and accuracy of information obtained from critical experiments for design and exploitation of a research reactor, composed of D{sub 2}O and enriched uranium. (author) [French] Les auteurs decrivent une serie d'experiences qu'ils ont faites pour determiner les parametres fondamentaux d'un reseau uranium enrichi a 2%-eau lourde. Les elements combustiblesetaient des cylindres creux, gaines d'aluminium et baignant'dans l'eau lourde, a l'interieur comme a l'exterieur. Ils se sont servis de l'assemblage critique RB de l'Institut Boris Kidric des sciences nucleaires a Belgrade. La geometrie de cet assemblage non empoisonne a permis d'interpreter le resultat experimental a l'aide d'une theorie assez simple et de le comparer directement aux calculs

  6. Le CRDI en Colombie

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Le CRDI appuie la recherche en Colombie dans des domaines tels ... Le CRDI a soutenu des activités de longue haleine qui ont eu pour ... Des travaux subventionnés par le CRDI ont aidé une fondation à intégrer Internet à son programme ...

  7. Valorisation des résultats de projets de recherche pour les praticiens agricoles innovants en facilitant l’accès à l’information: le projet européen VALERIE

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hily, Y.; Bechini, L.; Ingram, J.; Koenderink, N.J.J.P.; Schuler, P.; Berge, ten H.F.M.; Justes, E.

    2016-01-01

    European research projects in agriculture and forestry produce excellent scientific papers. Most of them could contribute to the development of new innovations in Europe but their adoption is still limited. The European project VALERIE (Valorising European Research for Innovation in AgriculturE and

  8. Valoriser les résultats de projets de recherche pour des praticiens agricoles innovants en facilitant l’accès à l’information: le projet européen VALERIE

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hily, Y.; Bechini, L.; Ingram, J.; Koenderink, N.J.J.P.; Schuler, P.; Berge, ten H.F.M.; Justes, E.

    2016-01-01

    European research projects in agriculture and forestry produce excellent scientific papers. Most of them could contribute to the development of new innovations in Europe but their adoption is still limited. The European project VALERIE (Valorising European Research for Innovation in AgriculturE and

  9. Intelligence artificielle et agents collectifs : le modèle EUROSIM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise Pumain

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available EUROSIM est un modèle multi-agents conçu pour simuler l’évolution à moyen terme du système des villes européennes. Les agents sont des entités collectives, les grandes villes caractérisées par leur taille et leur fonction dans le système des villes, et dont les interactions (échanges modulés par des relations de proximité ou de réseau déterminent la dynamique relative, tandis que la croissance d’ensemble dépend de l’innovation. Des outils d’analyse multiscalaire ont été développés afin d’interpréter les sorties du modèle et faciliter le calibrage.

  10. Innovation et recherche en odontologie

    OpenAIRE

    Bonnaure-Mallet , Martine

    2013-01-01

    National audience; Dans les chapitres précédents ont été traitées les innovations en odontologie qui sont dans les cabinets de chirurgie dentaire ou en passe d'y être. Ces innovations en implantologie, en endodontie, en chirurgie et en imagerie sont toutes le fait de l'interdisciplinarité. Elles sont nées de partenariats entre plusieurs acteurs dont des chercheurs, notamment des chercheurs chirurgiens-dentistes.

  11. Innovative learning for innovation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dr.Ir. Hay Geraedts

    2010-01-01

    Introduction Innovation is crucial for companies who have to react to constantly changing markets. Several national and European research institutes stress the importance of developing innovation for small and medium size enterprises (SMEs). This was a trigger to design a minor on strategic

  12. Le corps sportif1

    OpenAIRE

    Brulé, Pierre

    2015-01-01

    Le nu et le cuit Si, pas plus que l’Auvergne, le monde grec antique n’a été le théâtre d’un quelconque « miracle », il n’a pas manqué, toutefois, de « distinctions » diverses, d’exceptions même, qui le singularisent absolument. Une, c’est la pédérastie. Quelle culture l’a autant valorisée, autant instrumentalisée, l’a autant érigée en modèle ? Nous n’en avons pas encore mesuré toutes les conséquences. La place inhabituelle que prend là et alors cette polyvalence rare de la libido masculine de...

  13. L’influence d’innovations pédagogiques sur le profil motivationnel et le choix de stratégies d’apprentissage d’étudiantes et d’étudiants d’une faculté d’ingénierie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anastassis Kozanitis

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available L’étude vise à dégager une typologie des caractéristiques motivationnelles ainsi que des stratégies d’apprentissage utilisées par les étudiants en fonction de trois approches pédagogiques, soit l’exposé, l’approche par projet et l’apprentissage individualisé sur le web. Un questionnaire a été rempli par 494 étudiants du premier cycle universitaire. L’analyse des correspondances et de classification montre que ce sont l’approche par projet et l’exposé magistral qui suscitent le plus la motivation, alors que l’approche de l’apprentissage individualisée sur le web est celle qui en suscite le moins. L’approche individualisée et l’exposé magistral incitent davantage le recours aux stratégies de mémorisation, de répétition et d’organisation, alors qu’on a davantage recours aux stratégies de régulation de l’effort et de gestion du temps dans les cours-projets. Une discussion tente d’expliquer les différences observées.The study’s aim is to establish a classification of motivational characteristics and learning strategies used by students within three different instructional approaches : lectures, project based-instruction, and web-based instruction. A self-report questionnaire was administered to 494 undergraduates. Results of the cluster analyses reveal that students attending project-based instruction and lecture method show higher levels of motivation than those attending web-based instruction. Students in lecture method and web-based instruction turn more often to memorisation, revision and organisation strategies, while project-based learning promotes the use of effort and time regulation strategies. A discussion seeks to explain the observed differences.

  14. Le Bon, Gustave

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borch, Christian

    2017-01-01

    Gustave Le Bon (1841–1931) was a French physician and crowd psychologist who published extensively on themes such as crowds, war, race, revolution, socialism, and war. His work on crowd psychology in particular was highly influential, including beyond scholarly circles. Le Bon argued that crowds...

  15. Innovation af innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Harste, Gorm

    2009-01-01

    , at innovation af innovationen forsøges gennemført på en måde, hvor tiden kræves at forholde sig til sin egen tidslighed i form af fremtid, nutid, fortid og ikke mindst i form af samtidighed. I tiden skal vi iagttage, hvordan vi iagttager tiden. Vi dobbelt-koder tiden på samme måde, som forskning forsker i...... organisationssystemerne. De to typer systemer kan noget helt bestemt med fænomenet tid. De kan synkronisere. Analyseres organisationssystemer ser vi, imidlertid at innovation kræver ro. Stærkt innovative systemer er militærsystemet og kunstsystemet, der også inddrages, og hvor vi ser paradokset mellem innovation og...... involution. Tid er med et medium og ikke et lufttomt rum. Tid er end ikke en gasart, men udgør et solidt fluidum, som samfundet bader i og flyder i, konstant i bevægelse. Reformer forudsætter former, og innovation forudsætter involution. Kun sådan muliggøres evolution....

  16. Orchestrating innovation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Berkers, F.T.H.M.; Klein Woolthuis, R.J.A.; Boer, J. de

    2015-01-01

    Orchestrating Innovation increases the probability of success, minimizing the probability of failure of technological innovations by creating sustained societal and economic value. Orchestrating innovation propagates to take into account and actively involve all relevant stakeholders of the (future)

  17. Lele des chefs traditionnels au Ghana : un modèle inspirant ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    8 févr. 2011 ... Avec ses partenaires du Sud, avec aussi le soutien du Centre de recherches pour le développement international ( CRDI ), organisme canadien, Ray a étudié lele des chefs traditionnels au Ghana dans la lutte contre le VIH et le sida. Les collectivités politiques antérieures au colonialisme sont une ...

  18. Économie | Page 27 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    L'Inde s'est lancée dans un train de réformes au milieu des années 1980. ... (la mondialisation) et le relâchement des mesures de contrôle internes ont sans nul ... Ce livre révèle les voies par lesquelles l'innovation en matière de gestion des ...

  19. Le rendement du sorgho fera un bond au Soudan grâce à un semoir ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    an dernier le premier prix de l'Innovation Contest in Knowledge Management and Knowledge Sharing in Agricultural and Rural Development in the MENA Region. Ce prix est assorti d'une bourse de 5 000 $. Le WaHIP a été ...

  20. Gestion du risque et audit | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    L'innovation va de pair avec le risque, peu importe où la recherche a lieu. Puisque bon nombre de nos projets sont en place dans certains des pays les plus pauvres au monde, le CRDI fait souvent face à un autre niveau de risque, comme une faible infrastructure de recherche, des établissements fragiles, ainsi que des ...

  1. Orchestrating innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Berkers, F.T.H.M.; Klein Woolthuis, R.J.A.; Boer, J. de

    2015-01-01

    Orchestrating Innovation increases the probability of success, minimizing the probability of failure of technological innovations by creating sustained societal and economic value. Orchestrating innovation propagates to take into account and actively involve all relevant stakeholders of the (future) ecosystem in which the innovation will, can or has to be adopted.

  2. Mindful innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Poul Bitsch

    2008-01-01

    Mindful innovation is an approach to innovation that pays attention to people's experience in an organization rather than to formal organization or social role.......Mindful innovation is an approach to innovation that pays attention to people's experience in an organization rather than to formal organization or social role....

  3. Innovative didaktik

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Birthe

    Innovative didaktik. This deals with innovative didaktik from at methodological point of view in three ways - how to define the concept, how to develop it and how analyse it. Issues analysed: How to create innovative students? How to create innovative learning envoriments? These are core question...... in "Projekt Innovativ didaktik". The hidden curriculum is to inspire students to develop entreprenuership and creativty....

  4. Plan stratégique du CRDI | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Savoir. Innovation. Solutions. Le plan stratégique du CRDI, Investir dans des solutions, orientera ses efforts pendant la période allant de 2015 à 2020. Misant sur l'expérience de plus de 40 ans du CRDI, le plan stratégique réitère sa vision à l'égard de la production de connaissances, du soutien à l'innovation et de la mise ...

  5. Le Mouvement Social

    OpenAIRE

    FRIDENSON, Patrick

    2003-01-01

    J'ai la faiblesse d'affirmer que parmi les revues françaises d'histoire Le Mouvement Social est la revue qui a publié le plus d'articles et de comptes rendus en matière d'histoire des femmes et du gender. Chacun peut le vérifier grâce à nos pages Web sur le site Internet du Dictionnaire créé par Jean Maitron. Elles comportent la table des matières complète de la revue depuis sa fondation en 1960. Notre rédaction est extrêmement fière de ce résultat. Mais elle reconnaît qu'il a été difficile à...

  6. Science, Technology and Innovation Policy Research Organization

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Ce financement contribuera à renforcer lele de la Science, Technology and Innovation Policy Research Organization (STIPRO) en tant qu'organisme crédible de recherche sur les politiques publiques en Tanzanie, en améliorant sa capacité à fournir des recherches de qualité supérieure, influentes et utiles en matière de ...

  7. Le CRDI en Afghanistan

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Depuis près de 40 ans, le CRDI collabore étroitement avec les chercheurs des pays en développement et les appuie dans leur quête de moyens de créer des sociétés en meilleure santé, plus équitables et plus prospères. Centre de recherches pour le développement international. CP 8500, Ottawa (Ontario) Canada K1G ...

  8. Le CRDI au Bhoutan

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Il en résulte des solutions locales, novatrices et durables, qui offrent des choix aux personnes qui en ont le plus besoin et font changer les choses. Centre de recherches pour le développement international. CP 8500, Ottawa (Ontario) Canada K1G 3H9. Pour en savoir plus, consulter la page. Web du Bureau régional de ...

  9. Le CRDI au Kenya

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    afin d'y favoriser la croissance et le développement. Il en résulte des solutions novatrices et durables qui ont pour but d'améliorer les conditions de vie et les moyens de subsistance. Centre de recherches pour le développement international. CP 8500, Ottawa (Ontario) Canada K1G 3H9. Pour en savoir plus, consulter.

  10. Le CRDI en Jordanie

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ... dans les pays en développement afin d'y favoriser la croissance et le développement. Il en résulte des solutions novatrices et durables qui ont pour but d'améliorer les conditions de vie et les moyens de subsistance. Centre de recherches pour le développement international. CP 8500, Ottawa (Ontario) Canada K1G 3H9.

  11. Le CRDI au Mali

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    de ces technologies et tentent de déterminer si un régime de microcrédit pourrait encourager leur adoption. On cherche par cela à accroître la sécurité alimentaire de même que le rendement des cultures de dolique, de sorgho et de mil. □ Menaces pesant sur les moyens de subsistance. Financement octroyé pour le Mali :.

  12. Le faussaire roman

    CERN Document Server

    D'Anna, Gianfranco

    2016-01-01

    À l'aube du XXIe siècle, le monde de la science est sur le point de vivre une révolution. Le jeune physicien allemand Albert Hendrick Thebell, des célèbres laboratoires de recherche B-Labs, à Summit, dans le New Jersey, publie, dans les plus grandes revues scientifiques internationales, une série d'articles dans lesquels il prétend avoir obtenu des résultats extraordinaires qui pourraient révolutionner les bases mêmes de la technologie. Rapidement, la communauté scientifique puis les médias saluent en lui un futur prix Nobel; on compare même son génie à celui d'Albert Einstein. Le progrès scientifique semble avoir franchi une étape décisive, susceptible d'amener un futur meilleur. Mais ces découvertes sont-elles authentiques ? Car pendant ce temps, dans les mêmeslaboratoires, des voix s'élèvent pour contester non seulement les théories de Thebell mais aussi la légitimité même de ses expériences ; certains le soupçonnent d'avoir combiné la plus grande fraude scientifique de tous l...

  13. Sciences, technologie et innovation au service du développement ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    innovation (STI) sont essentielles au développement économique et social. Toutefois, faire le pont entre la recherche scientifique et le développement grâce à l'innovation technologique est un défi de taille, étant donné la complexité des questions ...

  14. Innovating for Maternal and Child Health in Africa: Strengthening ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    The Innovating for Maternal and Child Health in Africa program aims to assist targeted developing countries in sub-Saharan Africa improve maternal, newborn, and ... Le CRDI investit dans des solutions locales aux problèmes auxquels l'Inde est confrontée, comme le stress thermique, la gestion de l'eau et les migrations ...

  15. Appuyer le leadership des femmes dans les sciences, la ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    innovation grâce à des bourses de début de carrière (2017-2021). Un programme de bourses de 15 millions CAD soutenant la recherche de pointe, et financé conjointement par la Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency et le CRDI, ...

  16. uruguay : tous les projets | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Plusieurs études ont montré que certaines formes de réseautage d'affaires collaboratif peuvent avoir une incidence positive sur l'innovation, les résultats financiers et le développement régional. Région: Chile, El Salvador, Paraguay, Uruguay. Programme: Initiative Think tank. Financement total : CA$ 250,000.00.

  17. Chile : tous les projets | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Plusieurs études ont montré que certaines formes de réseautage d'affaires collaboratif peuvent avoir une incidence positive sur l'innovation, les résultats financiers et le développement régional. Région: Chile, El Salvador, Paraguay, Uruguay. Programme: Initiative Think tank. Financement total : CA$ 250,000.00.

  18. Asie centrale | Page 35 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Langue English. Read more about Soutien aux processus d'élaboration des politiques de réglementation des biotechnologies en Asie du Sud-Est. Langue French. Read more about Innovation en matière de biocarburants sous le signe de l'inclusion en Indonésie. Langue French. Read more about Toward Inclusive Biofuel ...

  19. Tumelo le Moruo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vuyani S. Vellem

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Paleng ya rona batho ba batsho, tumelo ya boKreste e fihlile lefatsheng la rona la Afrika Borwa mmoho le dikgoka tsa ditjhaba tsa boPhirima. BoKreste bo fihlile ka nako ya dintwa tseo mohopolo wa tsona e neng e le ho hapa lefatshe la, batho ba batsho. Ka mantswe amang, rona batho ba batsho, re ile ra qetella re le setjhaba se ileng sa hlolwa, mme lefatshe la rona la nkuwa ka dikgoka. Ka hare ho dikgoka tsena, ho ne ho dutse tumelo ya boKreste. Makgowa a ile are: �A re kwaleng mahlo re rapeleng, rona ra kwala mahlo, mme ha re qeta hore Amen, re bula mahlo, ra fumana lefatshe le nkuwe matsohong a rona ho setse Bibele.� Re ile ra sala le Bibele eo ka yona re lekileng dilemong tse fitileng ho lwana ntwa ya topollo, kapa tokoloho hofihlela selemong sa 1994. Le ha re ile ra fumana tokoloho ka selemo seo, hare so ka re lokoloha ho tsa moruo. E kaba sena se bolela eng mabapi le tumelo ya rona ya boKreste? Segolweng sena re leka ho araba potso ena. Tumelo ke eng ho batho ba sa lokolohang moruong wa naha ya bona? Re lekola pale ya boKreste, tumelo ya batho le maemo a kereke ntlheng ya ho tadimana le tokoloho ka tumelo.Faith and economics. In our history from a black perspective, Christianity arrived through violent conquest from the west. Evidentially, this faith coincided with wars of dispossession and the ultimate defeat of black Africans. It is difficult to separate the violent defeat of black Africans from the arrival of Christian faith. This well-known statement within the circles of black Theology of liberation: When the white man arrived in our land he said, �let us pray and after prayer, when we opened our eyes, our land was taken and only the Bible was left in our hands,� captures the black sentiment of this history. Ironically, it was this Bible that black Africans used to wage their struggle for liberation up to the demise of apartheid in 1994.Nonetheless, political liberation is not enough as the struggle for economic liberation

  20. Le vernis des apparences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grazia Nicosia

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Le but de cet article est de comprendre l’incidence sémiotique du nettoyage d’un tableau ainsi que la résultante cognitive induite sur l’observateur. Cette étude confronte l’analyse des phénomènes visuels engendrés par le jaunissement du vernis et son retrait, à des entretiens réalisés à dessein. Le retrait d’un vernis jauni change considérablement l’image. L’heure, le climat, la saison et l’activité même des personnages s’en trouvent ainsi modifié. La patine peut être perçue, soit comme un obstacle à l’exploration, soit pour ceux qui l’apprécient, comme le medium d’une relation plus intime entre l’œuvre et l’observateur.The purpose of this article is to understand the semiotic impact of the cleaning of a painting and the cognitive effects induced on the observer. This study analyses conjointly the visual phenomenon generated by yellowing varnish and its removal and controlled interviews of observers.The removal of yellowing varnish modifies considerably the perception of the picture. Daytime, climate, season and characters activities are modified. The patina may be perceived either as an obstacle to the painting exploration, or, for those who appreciate it, as a medium for a closer relationship between the painting and the observer.

  1. Science Innovation

    Science.gov (United States)

    EPA provides innovative research activities that help transform the protection of human health and the environment with high-risk, high-reward Pathfinder Innovation Projects, the P3 student competition, and low-cost air monitoring.

  2. Technology Innovation

    Science.gov (United States)

    EPA produces innovative technologies and facilitates their creation in line with the Agency mission to create products such as the stormwater calculator, remote sensing, innovation clusters, and low-cost air sensors.

  3. Political innovations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Eva

    2017-01-01

    are mainly interested in assessing and promoting innovations in public service delivery, but have paid little or no attention to the need for innovations in polity, politics and policy. This article develops a research agenda for studying innovations in political institutions, in the political process...... and in policy outputs. It proposes a number of research themes related to political innovations that call for scholarly attention, and identifies push and pull factors influencing the likelihood that these themes will be addressed in future research....

  4. Le libre accès en France en 2012: Entre immobilisme et innovation │ O acesso livre na França em 2012: Entre imobilismo e inovação │ Open Acess in France in 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helene Bosc

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Résumé Pour faire l’état des lieux du libre accès (LA en France en 2012, dix ans après la Budapest Open Access Initiative, nous avons examiné les deux voies : la voie verte (l’auto-archivage et la voie dorée (publications dans les revues en LA. L’archive centrale multidisciplinaire HAL, créée en 2002 pour recevoir les publications scientifiques au niveau national, est reconnue pour sa qualité technique, mais elle ne propose que 10% à 15 % de la production scientifique annuelle française. Ce chiffre est à l’image de ce qu’offrent toutes les autres archives dans le monde où il n’y a pas d’obligation de déposer (pas de mandat. Les archives qui ont un mandat comme celle de l’université de Liège, ont atteint un taux de 80% en deux ans. Quelques archives institutionnelles se sont développées en France parallèlement à HAL, et deux d’entre elles (Archimer and OATAO ont un bon taux de remplissage, grâce à l’implication d’un personnel dédié. Pour soutenir les offres éditoriales en libre accès le Centre pour l'Édition électronique Ouverte (CLEO a récemment mis en place OpenEdition Freemium. Cette initiative pourrait favoriser le développement des revues en LA. Cependant, l’étude faite à partir des revues qualifiantes en Sciences Humaines et Sociales montre que les chercheurs sont peu encouragés à publier dans ces revues par les instances d’évaluation : peu de revues en libre accès françaises sont présentes dans les listes des revues qualifiantes de l’agence d'évaluation de la recherche et de l'enseignement supérieur (AERES. On note aussi une forte disparité entre les disciplines. Différents exemples de politique en faveur du libre accès sont donnés : un politique forte peut être menée par des universités, comme à l’université de Liège, ou par des bailleurs de fonds, comme le FRS-FNRS en Belgique ou par l’Europe. Elle peut être entreprise au niveau législatif comme aux USA

  5. Storicizzare le teorie psicocritiche

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Talamo

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Le teorie psicoanalitiche della letteratura, dopo una fase di alterne fortune, sono oggi praticate da una cerchia di adepti sempre più ristretta. Le nuove koinè critico-teoriche tendono infatti a relegare la dottrina freudiana all’interno di un sapere letterario (e non interpretativo o a sostituire ad essa strumenti ritenuti più efficaci nella descrizione della sfera del mentale in letteratura (neuroestetica e neuronarratologia. La proposta storiografica che qui si avanza non vuole prendere parte in questo dibattito pro o contro la psicocritica, ma vuole leggere le proposte di teoria psicoanalitica della letteratura alla luce di una riflessione sul concetto di ibridazione, concetto sul quale queste teorie hanno costruito il loro confronto con i paradigmi teorici di volta in volta egemoni.

  6. Innovation hubs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    O´Hara, J.; Hansen, Poul H. Kyvsgård; Turner, N.

    2008-01-01

    "Whilst ‘incremental innovation' is an imperative for the short-to-medium term success of a company, there is also a need for companies to engage in innovation activity that goes beyond the incremental in order to guarantee long-term success. However, such ‘radical innovation' (RI) poses new chal...

  7. Brugerdreven innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Helms, Niels Henrik; Larsen, Lasse Juel

    2007-01-01

    På et generelt plan er vores afsæt et opgør med traditionelle modeller for kreativitet og innovation. Artiklen mener, at brugerdreven innovation ikke bare en god idé, men en beskrivelse af, hvordan innovation finder sted. Vores afsæt er interaktionsdesign, hvor vi bygger på den antagelse...

  8. The coordination of research and innovation activities relative to an emergent technology: the case of batteries for electric and hybrid vehicles; La coordination des activites de recherche et d'innovation dans les phases d'emergence: le cas des batteries pour vehicules electriques et hybrides

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Larrue, Ph.

    2000-05-23

    In this thesis, we try to provide elements of a non-deterministic view of the coordination of research activities in the phase of emergence. Firstly, we try to identify the variables that determinate the strength and the characteristics of the imperative of coordination in this very preliminary period of an innovation process. Secondly, we try to evaluate the institutional arrangements that can effectively sustain the coordination of the activities of the various interdependent actors more or less involved in the innovation process. The basic idea of the thesis is that technological innovations do not originate as isolated according to a hypothetical underlying 'nature of the technology', especially when they are controversial and subject to great uncertainties as is the case with regard to batteries for Electric and hybrid Vehicles (EVs). Innovations appear to be generated by means of the interactions of a number of organizations belonging to different 'spheres' (different industries, scientific disciplines, public institutions, etc.). In order to validate a new area of opportunity which is still very uncertain at this preliminary stage, the competences and interests of these different organizations must be coordinated. Because of the complex mix of economic and technological barriers faced by the actors taking part in this innovation process, the area of batteries for electric and hybrid vehicles is the 'perfect laboratory' to investigate the institutional arrangements that can sustain the coordination of research and innovation activities relating to an emerging technology. The empirical and theoretical investigations are mainly focused on pre-competitive research consortia such as the United-States Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC). This case study is conducted through in-depth interviews with key-actors of the area of batteries and electric vehicles. We also use the results of an on-line experts opinions survey we performed

  9. The coordination of research and innovation activities relative to an emergent technology: the case of batteries for electric and hybrid vehicles; La coordination des activites de recherche et d'innovation dans les phases d'emergence: le cas des batteries pour vehicules electriques et hybrides

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Larrue, Ph

    2000-05-23

    In this thesis, we try to provide elements of a non-deterministic view of the coordination of research activities in the phase of emergence. Firstly, we try to identify the variables that determinate the strength and the characteristics of the imperative of coordination in this very preliminary period of an innovation process. Secondly, we try to evaluate the institutional arrangements that can effectively sustain the coordination of the activities of the various interdependent actors more or less involved in the innovation process. The basic idea of the thesis is that technological innovations do not originate as isolated according to a hypothetical underlying 'nature of the technology', especially when they are controversial and subject to great uncertainties as is the case with regard to batteries for Electric and hybrid Vehicles (EVs). Innovations appear to be generated by means of the interactions of a number of organizations belonging to different 'spheres' (different industries, scientific disciplines, public institutions, etc.). In order to validate a new area of opportunity which is still very uncertain at this preliminary stage, the competences and interests of these different organizations must be coordinated. Because of the complex mix of economic and technological barriers faced by the actors taking part in this innovation process, the area of batteries for electric and hybrid vehicles is the 'perfect laboratory' to investigate the institutional arrangements that can sustain the coordination of research and innovation activities relating to an emerging technology. The empirical and theoretical investigations are mainly focused on pre-competitive research consortia such as the United-States Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC). This case study is conducted through in-depth interviews with key-actors of the area of batteries and electric vehicles. We also use the results of an on-line experts opinions survey we performed. (author)

  10. Tanzanie | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le développement ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Un nouveau modèle pour optimiser l'impact de la recherche et de l'innovation. Read more about Mise à l'échelle de la science. Langue French. A new model for optimizing the impact of research and innovation. Read more about Scaling Science. Langue English. Read more about Emploi des jeunes et autonomisation ...

  11. Framing Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haase, Louise Møller; Laursen, Linda Nhu

    2017-01-01

    Designing a remarkable product innovation is a difficult challenge, which businesses today continuously are striving to tackle. This challenge is particularly present in the early phase of innovation, where the main product concept and frames of the innovation is determined. As a main challenge...... in the early phase is the reasoning process; innovation team are faced with open- ended ill-defines problems, where they need to make decisions about an unknown future having only incomplete, ambiguous and contradicting insights available. We study the reasoning of experts, how they frame to make sense of all...... the insights and create a basis for decision making in relation to a new project. Based on case studies of five innovative products from various industries, we suggest a Product Reasoning Model for understanding reasoning and envisioning of new product innovations in the early phases of innovation....

  12. de la nature de l’innovation (The nature of innovation)

    OpenAIRE

    Rémy Volpi

    2006-01-01

    Marx par la lutte des classes, Schumpeter par l’innovation, concluent que le capitalisme par nature s’autodétruit. Mais, alors que pour Marx le capitalisme rend les riches plus riches tandis que leurs rangs s’étiolent, et les pauvres plus pauvres et plus nombreux, pour Schumpeter, le capitalisme démocratise la consommation. Et pour Galbraith, l’opulence est réelle, mais obtenue au prix de l’instrumentalisation du consommateur. D’autres auteurs imaginent que pour faire reprendre des couleurs à...

  13. Le vase de Pandore

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicola Panichi

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available Il s’agit ici de suivre les stratégies discursives par lesquelles Érasme situe sa Lingua sous le patronage symbolique de deux mythes des plus opératoires à la Renaissance : le vase de Pandore et la tour de Babel, tous deux verrouillant le texte, l’un en guise d’incipit, l’autre d’explicit, dans un dialogue où chacun use de l’autre pour renforcer les significations et instaurer le régime sémantique du texte, tant linguistique qu’éthique. Ce sont ces jeux complexes entre différents niveaux de discours dont dépend le sens ultime de l’œuvre que cet article s’attache à saisir.Se trata de seguir aquí las estrategias discursivas mediante las cuales Erasmo sitúa su Lingua bajo el dominio simbólico de dos de los mitos más funcionales del Renacimiento: el vaso de Pandora y la torre de Babel, los cuales limitan el texto, uno a modo de íncipit, otro de excipit, en un diálogo en el que se valen el uno del otro para reforzar los significados y establecer el régimen semántico del texto, tanto lingüístico como ético. Son esos juegos complejos entre diferentes niveles de discurso, de los que depende el sentido último de la obra, que este artículo intenta captar.

  14. Analyzing Innovation Systems (Burkina Faso) | CRDI - Centre de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    This project aims to improve the efficiency of the nascent innovation system in Burkina Faso by strengthening exchanges between researchers, inventors and innovators and public ... L'Initiative des conseils subventionnaires de la recherche scientifique en Afrique subsaharienne remporte le prix de la diplomatie scientifique.

  15. Livestock Vaccine Innovation Fund: Strengthening of Research ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    This project creates the authorization for capacity building support to develop and manage the Livestock Vaccine Innovation Fund (LVIF). The fund aims to support the ... Des chercheurs appuyés par le CRDI parlent de leurs expériences au Comité sur les ONG lors du forum de la Commission de la condition de la femme.

  16. Framing Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haase, Louise Møller; Laursen, Linda Nhu

    2017-01-01

    Designing a remarkable product innovation is a difficult challenge, which businesses today continuously are striving to tackle. This challenge is particularly present in the early phase of innovation, where the main product concept and frames of the innovation is determined. As a main challenge...... in the early phase is the reasoning process; innovation team are faced with open-ended ill-defines problems, where they need to make decisions about an unknown future having only incomplete, ambiguous and contradicting insights available. We study the reasoning of experts, how they frame to make sense of all...... the insights and create a basis for decision making in relation to a new project. Based on case studies of five innovative products from various industries, we suggest a Product Reasoning Model for understanding reasoning and envisioning of new product innovations in the early phases...

  17. Online Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vujovic, Sladjana; Ulhøi, John Parm

    2008-01-01

      Purpose - The aim of this paper is to investigate the role of online networking during the innovation process, including its role(s) in communication, cooperation and coordination. The paper neither implicitly assumes that online computer-based networking is a prerequisite for the innovation...... process nor denies the possibility that innovation can emerge and successfully survive without it. It merely presupposes that, in cases of innovation where information and communication technologies play a substantial role, non-proprietarity may offer an interesting alternative to innovations based...... on proprietary knowledge. Design/methodology/approach - The paper borrows from the theory of communities-of-practice, which takes into account social relations, contacts, and the transfer and incorporation of knowledge. Open source innovation is not the exclusive preserve of computer nerds, but also has...

  18. Sensitive innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søndergaard, Katia Dupret

    Present paper discusses sources of innovation as heterogenic and at times intangible processes. Arguing for heterogeneity and intangibility as sources of innovation originates from a theoretical reading in STS and ANT studies (e.g. Callon 1986, Latour 1996, Mol 2002, Pols 2005) and from field work...... in the area of mental health (Dupret Søndergaard 2009, 2010). The concept of sensitive innovation is developed to capture and conceptualise exactly those heterogenic and intangible processes. Sensitive innovation is therefore primarily a way to understand innovative sources that can be......, but are not necessarily, recognized and acknowledged as such in the outer organisational culture or by management. The added value that qualifies these processes to be defined as “innovative” are thus argued for along different lines than in more traditional innovation studies (e.g. studies that build on the classic...

  19. Financing Innovation

    OpenAIRE

    William R. Kerr; Ramana Nanda

    2014-01-01

    We review the recent literature on the financing of innovation, inclusive of large companies and new startups. This research strand has been very active over the past five years, generating important new findings, questioning some long-held beliefs, and creating its own puzzles. Our review outlines the growing body of work that documents a role for debt financing related to innovation. We highlight the new literature on learning and experimentation across multi-stage innovation projects and h...

  20. Supplier Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søberg, Peder Veng; Notman, Dorian Mark; Wæhrens, Brian Vejrum

    2017-01-01

    The prevailing research in supplier innovation has been conceptual or based on small data sets. The analysis of a large data set gives a clearer perspective on the actual type and degree of involvement of suppliers in the customer’s innovation process. The supplier perspective of the research...... counterbalances the customer bias that exists in the prevailing literature in this area. Similarly, the issue of the benefit of supplier involvement in the innovation/NPD process can be better understood. Manufacturing suppliers benefit financially from their involvement in the innovation/NPD process of their key...

  1. Responsive Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Carsten

    Although the importance of stakeholder networks has been recognized in recent years, a non-teleological model that incorporates their collective sensing into innovation processes has so far not been developed. Hence, this paper argues that traditional linear and sequential innovation models...... are insufficient in hypercompetitive environments. Instead, it is proposed that companies should ground their innovation processes in the collective sensing of frontline-employees and customers that operate around the organizational periphery. This frames the concept of responsive innovation, where key...... stakeholders engaged in the organization’s ongoing business activities collectively identify issues that central managers subsequently can resolve....

  2. Innovation @ NASA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roman, Juan A.

    2014-01-01

    This presentation provides an overview of the activities National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is doing to encourage innovation across the agency. All information provided is available publicly.

  3. Building a better energy future for the remote communities: sustainable energy supply strategy for the village of Inukjuak; Batir un meilleur avenir energetique pour les communautes eloignees: Strategie d'approvisionnement en energie renouvelable pour le village d'Inukjuak

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    St-Pierre, Stephane; Bui-Quang, Hung; Atagotaaluk, Eric; Benedetti, Bruno

    2010-09-15

    Remote regions of Canada, notwithstanding their natural resources, suffer from a development lag because of a lack of affordable energy. The production in an isolated network comes from thermal sources, highly responsible for global warming. To replace thermal production by renewable energy necessitate the implementation of electricity prices by the public utility who favors the investment. The tariff is actually applied in order to reflect the high production cost. This article shows the actual rate situation, some possible solutions to encourage investment and the hydro electrical development in Inukjuak, where the sale of electricity at the cost of not using fossil fuels would allow to make the investments profitable. [French] Les regions eloignees du Canada, malgre leurs richesses naturelles, accusent un retard dans leur developpement vu le manque d'energie abordable. La production en reseau isole provient de sources thermiques, grandement responsables du rechauffement climatique. Remplacer la production thermique par des energies renouvelables requiert d'implanter des prix d'achat d'electricite par l'utilite publique favorisant l'investissement. Le tarif est presentement applique afin de refleter le cout eleve de production. Ce papier presente la situation tarifaire actuelle, des pistes de solution pour encourager l'investissement, et le developpement hydroelectrique Inukjuak, ou la vente d'electricite au cout d'evitement des combustibles fossiles permettrait de rentabiliser les investissements.

  4. Le plurilinguisme du perroquet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Mühlbacher

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available La figure du perroquet occupe une position ambiguë face à la question de la traduction. Il est capable d’imiter des paroles en toutes les langues, mais il n’est capable d’en comprendre aucune — il ne peut que répéter des sons, c’est-à-dire des signifiants. Le traducteur semble faire le contraire quand il passe d’une langue à une autre en tâchant de transmettre une signification semblable par d’autres signes. L’article vise à discuter lele du traducteur et sa relation, éventuellement équivoque, au perroquet, en analysant la traduction allemande de Trois Contes par André Stoll et Cora van Kleffens. Un décalage au niveau sémantique peut éclairer l’interprétation du texte, par exemple en explicitant des allusions sous-jacentes, tandis que le transfert de la syntaxe française en allemand pose souvent des problèmes considérables. Comment le traducteur peut-il reproduire des structures syntaxiques qui n’existent pas en allemand, mais qui ne cessent de revenir dans le texte français ? Que faire si le texte se met à jouer au perroquet et finit par se singer lui-même ? André Stoll et Cora van Kleffens ont su trouver des stratégies pour affronter ces difficultés.The figure of the parrot holds an ambiguous position towards the question of translation. It is able to imitate all languages, but it will never understand any of them – its only skill is to mimic sounds, i.e. mere signifiers. On the contrary, the translator seems to be the antithesis of the parrot when he moves from one language to another. He endeavours to convey a similar meaning, but by different signs. The article aims at discussing the role of the translator and his or her eventually equivocal relation to the parrot by means of analysing the German translation of Trois Contes by André Stoll and Cora van Kleffens. Whereas a semantic divergence can result in a different tendency on the level of interpretation, as in the case of an underlying

  5. Le cru, le cuit et le pourri dans _Le vice-consul_ de Marguerite Duras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hélène Caron

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Bien que plusieurs articles critiques aient déjà avancé de nouvelles perspectives sur le texte Le Vice-Consul (LVC de Marguerite Duras, l’analyse de la représentation de la nourriture dans ce roman n’a fait l’objet d’aucune étude. Cet article tente donc de combler cette lacune en proposant d’analyser les images du cru et du cuit, images qui se rejoignent sous les notions du pourri et de l’abject, tout en offrant quelques interprétations de l’un des passages critiques du roman où la folle mendiante croque la tête d’un poisson vivant.

  6. Le charme slave

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonella Mauri

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Antonella Mauri analyse l’image des femmes slaves immigrées en Italie telle qu’elle apparaît à travers la publicité, la littérature romanesque (La ballata dei lavavetri de Peter Del monte, Luce Profuga de Valerio Aiolli, Pornokiller de Bruno Ventavoli, le cinéma, la bande dessinée (Danilo Maramotti, image qu’elle oppose aux résultats d’une enquête qu’elle a menée sur le terrain. Elle s’interroge en particulier sur la permanence des stéréotypes liés à la femme slave.

  7. Le Brahmane du Komintern

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth Burgos

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Le Brahmane du Komintern, largometraje documental del realizador francés Vladimir León, constituye un ejercicio ejemplar de investigación histórica y  de lograda factura de realización. Y, pese a no haber contado con la ayuda de ninguno organismo público, se trata de un ambicioso proyecto que cubre una amplia extensión geográfica que abarca: Estados Unidos, México, Moscú, Berlín, y la India. Gira en torno a una figura que tuvo en su tiempo su hora de gloria. Un bengalí, hijo de braman, la c...

  8. Le monde quantique

    CERN Document Server

    Aspect, A; Bensaude-Vincent, B; Castiel, A; Chevalley, C; Darrigol, O; Deligeorges, S; D'Espagnat, B; Laloë, F; Lévy-Leblond, J-M; Messiah, A; Paty, M; Vuillemin, J; Wheaton, B R

    1984-01-01

    Le monde quantique La physique quantique, après trois quarts de siècle, n'en finit pas d'être moderne. Elle est présente quotidiennement dans les laboratoires où les physiciens étudient atomes, noyaux et particules. Elle est entrée dans l'industrie où lasers, transistors et supraconducteurs lui doivent d'exister. Et elle continue à alimenter le débat philosophique sur la nature de la réalité dont elle montre la non-séparabilité fondamentale. Ses concepts de base, son développement, ses applications, ses controverses sont ici présentés par une pléiade de physiciens, d'historiens et de philosophes.

  9. Le CRDI au Ghana

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    pour prévenir le paludisme, des études ayant démontré que leur utilisation pouvait réduire considérablement la mortalité infantile. Les chercheurs ont également suggéré aux gouvernements différents moyens pour inciter les gens à acheter les moustiquaires et à les utiliser correctement. Les TI au service de la démocratie.

  10. Le Culture preistoriche

    OpenAIRE

    Tanda, Giuseppa

    1987-01-01

    Le più antiche manifestazioni della presenza dell'uomo, nella provincia di Sassari (e in Sardegna), risalgono al Quaternario: sono state osservate nel 1979, nel bacino del rio Altana-Anzos, situato nel territorio dei comuni di Laerru e Perfugas. Il presente lavoro propone un excursus dal Paleolitico al Neolitico (antico, medio e recente) fino all'Età del Rame e all'Età del Bronzo (II metà del III millennio-1600 a.C.).

  11. Le CRDI en Chine

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    les employés du secteur non structuré ont de meilleures conditions de travail. □ les citoyens influencent les décisions relatives aux dépenses publiques. Soutien accordé par le CRDI depuis 1981. 222 activités d'une valeur de 59 millions CAD. Chercheurs et agriculteurs s'emploient à améliorer les moyens de subsistance.

  12. Le CRDI en Tunisie

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    les citoyens arabes sont plus présents sur Internet. Soutien accordé depuis 1975. 49 activités. 8 millions cad. Dans la foulée du Printemps arabe, les chercheurs conçoivent des réformes visant à assurer l'essor de la démocratie et en examinent la validité. CRDI centre de recherches pour le développement international.

  13. Profitable Innovation Without Patent Protection: The Case of Derivatives.

    OpenAIRE

    Helios Herrera; Enrique Schroth

    2003-01-01

    Investment banks find it profitable to invest in the development of innovative derivative securities even without being able to preclude early competition from other investment banks using patents. To explain this, we assume that the developer can learn from the first issues of the innovative financial product and is able to become the expert issuer by the time imitation enters the market. We show how this becomes an informational first-mover advantage that turns innovators into the market le...

  14. Controle optique de qubits lies a des centres isoelectroniques d'azote dans le GaAs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ethier-Majcher, Gabriel

    Le traitement de l'information quantique est un domaine de recherche actuellement en pleine effervescence car il laisse entrevoir une revolution dans notre facon de traiter et d'echanger de l'information. D'une part, l'ordinateur quantique promet de resoudre des problemes comme la factorisation d'un polynome de facon beaucoup plus efficace qu'un ordinateur classique. D'autre part, les communications quantiques promettent l'echange d'information de facon fondamentalement inviolable. Afin de tirer pleinement profit de ces nouvelles technologies, il sera avantageux de construire des reseaux quantiques. Dans un tel reseau, des processeurs quantiques, les noeuds, seront connectes par des photons voyageant dans des fibres optiques. Les reseaux quantiques permettront de deployer les communications quantiques a grande echelle et de creer des super-ordinateurs quantiques. La realisation de reseaux quantiques necessitera des interfaces optiques pouvant echanger l'information de facon coherente entre un qubit (bit d'information quantique) et un photon. L'implementation de telles interfaces dans un systeme physique s'avere un important defi scientifique et technologique. Or, les systemes actuellement envisages a cette fin souffrent d'un faible couplage avec la lumiere ou encore de grandes inhomogeneites, constituant des obstacles a la realisation de reseaux a grande echelle. Dans cette these, le potentiel des centres isoelectroniques pour realiser des interfaces optiques est evalue. Deux types de qubits lies a des paires d'azote dans le GaAs sont consideres : les qubits excitoniques et les qubits de spin electronique, controlables par l'intermediaire d'excitons charges. Le controle optique complet des qubits excitoniques est demontre, ce qui constitue la premiere realisation du genre dans les centres isoelectroniques. L'observation d'excitons charges dans ce systeme, liant a la fois des trous lourds et des trous legers, laisse entrevoir de nouvelles possibilites afin de

  15. Innovation process

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kolodovski, A.

    2006-01-01

    Purpose of this report: This report was prepared for RISO team involved in design of the innovation system Report provides innovation methodology to establish common understanding of the process concepts and related terminology The report does not includeRISO- or Denmark-specific cultural, econom...

  16. Informal Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hartmann, Mia Rosa Koss; Hartmann, Rasmus Koss

    Informal innovation, defined as the development and putting-into-use of novel solutions by non-R&D employees without prior formal approval from or subsequent revealing to superiors, has been recurrently observed in organizational research. But even as it is increasingly recognized that R&D is not......Informal innovation, defined as the development and putting-into-use of novel solutions by non-R&D employees without prior formal approval from or subsequent revealing to superiors, has been recurrently observed in organizational research. But even as it is increasingly recognized that R......&D is not the only plausible source of innovation inside organizations, informal innovation has yet to be systematically explored or theorized. We propose a theory of informal innovation based on analyses of prior literature and mixed-method, multi-site studies of innovation at the working level of two extreme......-case organizations. We propose that informal innovation occurs as 1) employees personally experience problems that they believe are not recognized or prioritized by superiors; 2) some employees are able to develop solutions, essentially at no cost; 3) innovators face no benefits from revealing to superiors, but can...

  17. Open innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bogers, Marcel; Chesbrough, Henry; Moedas, Carlos

    2018-01-01

    Open innovation is now a widely used concept in academia, business, and policy making. This article describes the state of open innovation at the intersection of research, practice, and policy. It discusses some key trends (e.g., digital transformation), challenges (e.g., uncertainty...

  18. Managing Innovation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Ronald V.

    The management of innovation in instruction in English as a second language can benefit from the experience and techniques of management in the world of commerce as well as from theories and procedures in education. A systematic approach to the management of innovation emphasizes the importance of clearly defined objectives, evaluation that…

  19. MAPPING INNOVATION

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thuesen, Christian Langhoff; Koch, Christian

    2011-01-01

    By adopting a theoretical framework from strategic niche management research (SNM) this paper presents an analysis of the innovation system of the Danish Construction industry. Theories within SNM look upon innovation in a sector as a socio-technical phenomenon and identifies three levels of socio......-technical interaction within which sectorial innovation can be explained. The analysis shows a multifaceted landscape of innovation around an existing regime, built in the existing ways of working and developing over generations. The regime is challenged from various niches and the sociotechnical landscape through...... trends as globalization. Three niches (Lean Construction, BIM and System Deliveries) are subject to a detailed analysis showing partly incompatible rationales and various degrees of innovation potential. The paper further discusses how existing policymaking operates in a number of tensions one being...

  20. Accidental Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Austin, Robert D.; Devin, Lee; Sullivan, Erin E.

    2012-01-01

    Historical accounts of human achievement suggest that accidents can play an important role in innovation. In this paper, we seek to contribute to an understanding of how digital systems might support valuable unpredictability in innovation processes by examining how innovators who obtain value from...... they incorporate accidents into their deliberate processes and arranged surroundings. By comparing makers working in varied conditions, we identify specific factors (e.g., technologies, characteristics of technologies) that appear to support accidental innovation. We show that makers in certain specified...... conditions not only remain open to accident but also intentionally design their processes and surroundings to invite and exploit valuable accidents. Based on these findings, we offer advice for the design of digital systems to support innovation processes that can access valuable unpredictability....

  1. Collaborative innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Torfing, Jacob; Sørensen, Eva; Hartley, Jean

    2013-01-01

    , which emphasizes market competition; the neo-Weberian state, which emphasizes organizational entrepreneurship; and collaborative governance, which emphasizes multiactor engagement across organizations in the private, public, and nonprofit sectors. The authors conclude that the choice of strategies......-driven private sector is more innovative than the public sector by showing that both sectors have a number of drivers of as well as barriers to innovation, some of which are similar, while others are sector specific. The article then systematically analyzes three strategies for innovation: New Public Management......There are growing pressures for the public sector to be more innovative but considerable disagreement about how to achieve it. This article uses institutional and organizational analysis to compare three major public innovation strategies. The article confronts the myth that the market...

  2. Responsible innovation

    CERN Document Server

    De Woot, Philippe

    2015-01-01

    Economic development is rooted in disruption, not in equilibrium. And a powerful engine of economic development is innovation; but is this innovation always for the common good? The dark side of the extraordinary dynamism of innovation lies precisely in its destructive power. If simply left to market forces, it could lead to social chaos and great human suffering. To face the challenges of our time, we must create the proper climate and culture to develop strong entrepreneurial drive. But, more than ever, we must give this entrepreneurial drive its ethical and societal dimensions. Responsible innovation means a more voluntary orientation towards the great problems of the 21st century, e.g. depletion of the planet's resources, rising inequality, and new scientific developments potentially threatening freedom, democracy and human integrity. We need to transform our ceaseless creativity into real progress for humankind. In this respect, the rapid development of social innovation opens the door for new methods an...

  3. Modelisation agregee de chauffe-eau electriques commandes par champ moyen pour la gestion des charges dans un reseau

    Science.gov (United States)

    Losseau, Romain

    The ongoing energy transition is about to entail important changes in the way we use and manage energy. In this view, smart grids are expected to play a significant part through the use of intelligent storage techniques. Initiated in 2014, the SmartDesc project follows this trend to create an innovative load management program by exploiting the thermal storage associated with electric water heaters existing in residential households. The device control algorithms rely on the recent theory of mean field games to achieve a decentralized control of the water heaters temperatures producing an aggregate optimal trajectory, designed to smooth the electric demand of a neighborhood. Currently, this theory does not include power and temperature constraints due to the tank heating system or necessary for the user's safety and comfort. Therefore, a trajectory violating these constraints would not be feasible and would not induce the forecast load smoothing. This master's thesis presents a method to detect the non-feasability, of a target trajectory based on the Kolmogorov equations associated with the controlled electric water heaters and suggests a way to correct it so as to make it achievable under constraints. First, a partial differential equations based model of the water heaters under temperature constraints is presented. Subsequently, a numerical scheme is developed to simulate it, and applied to the mean field control. The results of the mean field control with and without constraints are compared, and non-feasabilities of the target trajectory are highlighted upon violations. The last part of the thesis is dedicated to developing an accelerated version of the mean field and a method of correcting the target trajectory so as to enlarge as much as possible the set of achievable profiles.

  4. Lipochimie et innovations

    OpenAIRE

    Alfos Carine

    2003-01-01

    Peut-on parler d’un nouvel âge d’or pour les produits à base de ressources végétales renouvelables et notamment pour les huiles ? Porteurs de performances spécifiques et de caractéristiques plus écologiquement correctes, leur emploi ouvre à l’industrie un potentiel d’innovations auquel participe le département de chimie et rhéologie de l’Iterg. La prise de conscience collective, associée aux évolutions des réglementations françaises et européennes, devrait conduire les industries à prendre de...

  5. Le Conseil des gouverneurs | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Le Conseil des gouverneurs guide le travail du CRDI en lui fournissant une orientation stratégique, en examinant ses activités et en approuvant ses budgets. Les gouverneurs – un maximum de 14 – sont nommés par le gouverneur en conseil du Canada pour un mandat d'au plus quatre ans, qui peut être reconduit. La Loi ...

  6. Le nouveau modèle africain | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    22 juil. 2011 ... L'annulation de la dette, un commerce plus équitable, davantage d'aide : voilà le plan d'action mondial dont on convient qu'il faut de toute urgence mettre en oeuvre en vue d'accélérer le développement en Afrique. Or, ce serait rater le bateau que de ne pas s'engager dans la voie tout autre que les ...

  7. Nuclear innovation in Saskatchewan: innovation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Alexander, N.

    2015-01-01

    This paper describes nuclear innovation in Saskatchewan. The first stage is the Canadian Institute for Science and Innovation Policy (CSIP) and how you have a successful discussion about a technically complex issue, understand what information people need in order to have an informed discussion, understand how to convey that information to those people in a constructive way.

  8. Participatory Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buur, Jacob; Matthews, Ben

    2008-01-01

    An increasing number of corporations engage with users in co-innovation of products and services. But there are a number of competing perspectives on how best to integrate these understandings into existing corporate innovation development processes. This paper maps out three of the dominant appr...... the challenges such an approach sets to innovation management, and discuss research directions we see as fundamental to the development of the field of user-driven innovation. Udgivelsesdato: September......An increasing number of corporations engage with users in co-innovation of products and services. But there are a number of competing perspectives on how best to integrate these understandings into existing corporate innovation development processes. This paper maps out three of the dominant...... approaches, compares them in terms of goals, methods and basic philosophy, and shows how they may beneficially enrich one another. We will present an industrial innovation case that has been instrumental to the development of what we have termed ‘Participatory Innovation’. Based on this we will list...

  9. Participatory Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buur, Jacob; Matthews, Ben

    In this paper we discuss the potential for Participatory Design (PD) to make a fundamental contribution to the business-oriented field of user-driven innovation, taking note of where we find PD can best benefit from interaction with this other field. We examine some of the challenges that must...... be addressed if PD is to contribute to innovation processes in companies. We conclude by presenting a research agenda comprising of six promising topics to shape a new discipline of Participatory Innovation....

  10. Design & Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boelskifte, Per; Jørgensen, Ulrik

    2005-01-01

    The new design and innovation programme at DTU is challenging some of the standard concepts dominating most engineering educations. The programme, its background, context and basic educational ideas are presented and discussed in this paper. To build competences that match the need for innovative...... and design oriented engineers in industry and society has turned out to challenge a number of the standard – and often taken for granted – concepts in engineering education still dominated world wide by rather strict norms and concepts of learning that do not challenge the students creativity and innovative...

  11. Le CRDI au Sénégal

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    L'eau ainsi traitée peut être utilisée sans danger pour arroser les potagers. Le Programme des. Nations Unies pour les établissements urbains, ONU-HABITAT, a ajouté cette innovation à sa liste de « meilleures pratiques », et la Banque mondiale l'a intégrée à ses programmes. Les TI au service d'un meilleur apprentissage.

  12. Le regard anachronique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Paul Aubert

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Cet article a pour objet l’anachronisme dans le film historique. Il s’appuie sur l’étude du long métrage Goya à Bordeaux, réalisé en 1999 par le cinéaste espagnol Carlos Saura. Cette biographie filmée du peintre Francisco de Goya fait mieux que composer avec l’anachronisme inhérent à toute reconstitution historique. Il l’assume et le revendique. La mise en cause de la chronologie et l’effacement de l’Histoire prennent sens dans la perspective d’une réflexion originale sur l’Histoire de l’art conçue comme un dialogue entre les œuvres et entre les époques.Este artículo está dedicado al problema del anacronismo en las películas históricas. Se basa en el estudio de Goya en Burdeos, un largo metraje rodado en 1999 por el director de cine español Carlos Saura. Esta biografía de Goya no sólo se acomoda con el anacronismo propio de la reconstitución histórica sino que lo asume y lo reivindica. El cuestionamiento de la cronología y el desinterés por la Historia cobran un nuevo sentido en el marco de una reflexión original sobre la Historia del arte concebida como un diálogo entre las obras y entre las épocas.

  13. La piraterie sur le web

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    Les échanges de toutes sortes sont facilités à l'extrême par le web: des forums, des vidéoconférences, le commerce à distance, ou tout simplement la célérité des courriers électroniques ou la convivialité des chats, tout cela participe de la société de communication. Une certaine partie du monde découvre le nouvel horizon des échanges quasi instantanés, mais... les transactions sur le web sont-elles vraiment s res?

  14. Le commerce du Nord

    OpenAIRE

    Pourchasse, Pierrick; Bouëdec, Gérard Le

    2015-01-01

    Au XVIIIe siècle, la France s'approvisionne abondamment dans les pays du Nord : bois, chanvre et goudron de la Baltique, tonnellerie de Poméranie, pêche de rogue de Norvège, graines de lin de Courlande, barres de fer suédois… Sa balance commerciale est pourtant positive grâce aux sels, aux vins et surtout des nouvelles marchandises coloniales. Or, la plupart des transactions passent par l’incontournable intermédiaire hollandais. Les explications sur l’absence des Français dans le Nord sont re...

  15. Tanzanie | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le développement ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    La Tanzanie est un pays visé par le programme Innovation pour la santé des mères et des enfants d'Afrique, une initiative financée par plusieurs bailleurs de fonds. Les chercheurs ... émergentes. Les politiques rationnelles d'efficacité énergétique jouent un rôle crucial dans la lutte contre les changements climatiques.

  16. Socializing space and politicizing financial innovation/destruction: some observations on Occupy Wall Street Socialisation de l’espace et politisation de l’innovation/destruction financière : quelques réflexions sur le mouvement “Occupy Wall Street”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel B. Aalbers

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This short paper discusses two issues related to the Occupy Wall Street movement. First, a local urban political geography is presented in which Liberty Plaza is not the accidental place of Occupy Wall Street but a deliberate one, not only because it is located between the towers of global capital, but also because it constitutes a so-called “privately owned public space” (POPS. Second, a global financial political geography is presented in which I argue that the imprecise demands of Occupy Wall Street are a result not so much of the heterogeneous base of the movement but of the still largely unknown and “under-understood” nature of finance.Ce court article est consacré à deux problèmes liés au mouvement “Occupy Wall Street”. En premier lieu, nous présentons une géographie politique urbaine au niveau local dans laquelle le choix de la Plaza Liberty n’est pas accidentel mais bien délibéré, non seulement en raison de sa localisation entre les tours du capital global mais également parce que cette place représente un “espace public aux mains du privé”. Dans un second temps, nous proposons une géographie politique de la finance globale, où nous défendons l’idée que les revendications assez floues du mouvement “Occupy Wall Street” résultent non pas tant du caractère hétérogène de sa base mais plutôt de la nature même de la finance, encore largement inconnue et “sous-comprise”.

  17. Le survivant sans le syndrome Schreber

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard Figuier

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available On a pensé la catastrophe, mais a-t-on suffisamment pensé la survivance et la figure du survivant ? Ce n'est pas un hasard si celle-ci est au centre de Masse et puissance, oeuvre dans laquelle Canetti interroge la « mauvaise » survivance responsable de la poursuite de la logique de guerre. Mais où trouver la « bonne » ? Revenir de la catastrophe ne suffit pas pour être un « survivant authentique », selon l'expression de Kafka. Il faut avoir dépassé, avec Primo Levi et Robert Antelme, l'opposition de la vie comme croissance continue et de la mort comme son horrible contraire, par le don, dans la pauvreté solidaire, de cette vie retrouvée.Hemos reflexionado acerca de la catástrofe, pero ¿hemos meditado lo suficiente sobre la supervivencia y el superviviente? No es una coincidencia si el superviviente es el tema principal de Masse et puissance, obra en la cual Canetti analiza la «mala» supervivencia responsable de la persistencia de la lógica de guerra ¿Dónde sin embargo podemos encontrar la «buena» supervivencia? Superar la catástrofe no es suficiente para ser un «auténtico superviviente», según Kafka. Es fundamental ir más allá, con Primo Levi y Robert Antelme, de la oposición entre la vida, como crecimiento continuo, y la muerte, como su espantoso contrario, mediante la donación de forma solidaria de esta vida reencontrada.Disaster is the theme of many studies, but what about survival and of the figure of the survivor? This issue is central in Mass and power, work in which Canetti questions the “bad” survival, responsible for the continuation of the logic of war. But is there any “good” survival? Coming back from the catastrophe is not enough to be an “authentic survivor”, according to Kafka’s expression. To achieve this, it is necessary to have exceeded, with PrimoLevi and Robert Antelme, the opposition of life as a continuous growth and of death as its horrible opposite, by the gift, in a

  18. MAPPING INNOVATION

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thuesen, Christian Langhoff; Koch, Christian

    2011-01-01

    By adopting a theoretical framework from strategic niche management research (SNM) this paper presents an analysis of the innovation system of the Danish Construction industry. The analysis shows a multifaceted landscape of innovation around an existing regime, built around existing ways of working...... and developed over generations. The regime is challenged from various niches and the socio-technical landscape through trends as globalization. Three niches (Lean Construction, BIM and System Deliveries) are subject to a detailed analysis showing partly incompatible rationales and various degrees of innovation...... potential. The paper further discusses how existing policymaking operates in a number of tensions one being between government and governance. Based on the concepts from SNM the paper introduces an innovation map in order to support the development of meta-governance policymaking. By mapping some...

  19. Innovation Awards

    Science.gov (United States)

    EPA promotes environmental stewardship by recognizing innovators in schools, communities and businesses in categories such as environmental education, green chemistry, smart growth, green power, and reducing air pollution and climate change impacts.

  20. Leadership Innovations

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-04-01

    leadership " and " leadership in innovation." 3 THEORY , AS AN INSTRUMENT OF ANALYSIS FOR INNOVATION IN LEADERSHIP There are many...attributes of a leader.𔃺 Attempts to define leadership usually contrast it with "followship", management ," or sometimes - with ’beadship."’" These...plausible theory . - . . . -. - -- Nevertheless, some authors consider, and I agree, that there is no true leadership theory because existing

  1. Le tournoi des ombres

    CERN Document Server

    Treille, Daniel

    2017-01-01

    Le lecteur, transporté avec le narrateur dans une région hors norme, est invité à partager sa fascination pour la beauté du lieu, à découvrir la chronique de son passé, rude et pittoresque. Il va côtoyer une galerie de personnages très attachants, mais aux destinées bousculées par l histoire, et assister à l agitation montante du présent dans un contexte d une actualité brûlante. Ce quatrième roman de Daniel Treille, mêlant hardiment les genres, du quotidien trivial au récit épique, de considérations géopolitiques à quelques avancées de la science moderne, confirme son talent à mener, d une écriture très aboutie, une histoire complexe, peuplée de héros singuliers

  2. Le Dominique Interactif

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valérie Ouellette

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Cet article présente le Dominique Interactif, une bande dessinée interactive et multimédia unique, servant à évaluer sept troubles de la santé mentale chez les jeunes. La version pour les six à onze ans est adaptée aux limites cognitives des enfants et comporte plusieurs avantages. Malgré quelques limites, cet instrument permet d’obtenir des informations fiables de la part de l’enfant sur sa santé mentale. La fidélité et la validité de cet outil sont meilleures que celles des autres instruments traditionnels servant à mesurer la santé mentale des enfants. En combinant les résultats de ce questionnaire avec les informations des parents, professionnels et enseignants, le Dominique Interactif permet aussi d’effectuer une évaluation complète de la santé mentale de l’enfant. Enfin, son utilisation simple et rapide facilite l’évaluation clinique des enfants par les professionnels, permet l’évaluation de programmes d’intervention et favorise l’intervention précoce (Valla et al., 2000.

  3. Le principe roman

    CERN Document Server

    Ferrari, Jérôme

    2015-01-01

    Fasciné par la figure du physicien allemand Werner Heisenberg (1901-1976), fondateur de la mécanique quantique, inventeur du célèbre "principe d'incertitude" et Prix Nobel de physique en 1932, un jeune aspirant-philosophe désenchanté s'efforce, à l'aube du XXIe siècle, de considérer l'incomplétude de sa propre existence à l'aune des travaux et de la destinée de cet exceptionnel homme de sciences qui incarne pour lui la rencontre du langage scientifique et de la poésie, lesquels, chacun à leur manière, en ouvrant la voie au scandale de l'inédit, dessillent les yeux sur le monde pour en révéler la mystérieuse beauté que ne cessent de confisquer le matérialisme à l'œuvre dans l'Histoire des hommes.

  4. Policy Innovation in Innovation Policy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borras, Susana

    During the past two decades Europe has experienced important changes and transformations in the way in which governments approach the issue of science, technology and innovation, and their relation to economic growth and competitiveness. This has to do with the European Union level as well...... as with national and sub-national governments in Europe, all of them introducing interesting novelties in their innovation policy. These changes refer to different aspects of policy, mainly the content of policy initiatives towards science, technology and innovation; the instruments governments are using...... at the EU level, and mentions similar trends taking place at national and sub-national levels. The questions that guide the contents here are essentially three, namely, what are the main traits of innovation policies in Europe since the 1990s and how have the EU and different national governments approached...

  5. Equazioni: le icone del sapere

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bais, S.

    2009-01-01

    Il mistero del cosmo è scritto nel linguaggio della matematica, e le equazioni sono le frasi che ne esprimono la bellezza e la profondità. Cercare di spiegare la scienza senza equazioni è come cercare di spiegare l’arte senza illustrazioni: partendo da questo presupposto, Sander Bais presenta una

  6. Le cerveau sous effet placebo

    OpenAIRE

    Touzet , Claude

    2017-01-01

    International audience; Comment le fait de croire qu’on nous injecte de la morphine (alors qu’il s’agit de sérum physiologique) peut-il faire disparaître la douleur ? Investigation sur le cerveau sous placebo.

  7. Le microdosage des engrais, une innovation qui profite aux femmes

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    non seulement une diminution de leurs revenus, mais doivent aussi composer avec une pénurie chronique de céréales. Au Niger, par exemple, 2,5 millions de personnes ont eu besoin d'une aide alimentaire en 2005, par suite d'une grave sécheresse (PAM, 2010). Cette situation s'est reproduite en 2010, la mauvaise.

  8. developpement des systemes de production innovants d'association ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dans ce contexte de crises récurrentes, le projet. « Conception de systèmes de production innovants à base de Mucuna et autres cultures fourragères » a été exécuté en zone subhumide du Mali et du Burkina Faso dans le cadre du. Projet d'Appui à l'Enseignement Supérieur. (PAES) dans les pays de l'Union Economique.

  9. Relative measurement of the fluxes of thermal, resonant and rapid neutrons in reactor G1; Mesures relatives des flux thermique, resonnant et rapide dans le reacteur G1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carle, R.; Mazancourt, T. de [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1957-07-01

    We sought to determine the behavior of the thermal, resonant and rapid neutron fluxes in the multiplier-reflector transition region, in the two principal directions of the system. We have also measured the variation of these different fluxes in the body of the multiplier medium in a canal filled with graphite and in an empty canal. The results are given in the form of curves representing: - the variation of the ratio of the thermal flux to the rapid flux in axial and radial transitions - the behavior of the thermal and resonant fluxes and the variation of their ratio in the same regions. (author) [French] Nous avons cherche a determiner le comportement des differents flux, thermique, resonnant et rapide a la transition milieu multiplicateur-reflecteur dans les deux directions principales du reseau. Nous avons egalement mesure la variation de ces differents flux au sein du milieu multiplicateur dans un canal rempli de graphite et dans un canal vide. Les resultats sont donnes sous forme de courbe representant: - La variation du rapport du flux thermique au flux rapide aux transitions axiale et radiale - L'allure des flux thermique et resonnant et la variation de leur rapport dans les memes regions. (auteur)

  10. Relative measurement of the fluxes of thermal, resonant and rapid neutrons in reactor G1; Mesures relatives des flux thermique, resonnant et rapide dans le reacteur G1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carle, R; Mazancourt, T de [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1957-07-01

    We sought to determine the behavior of the thermal, resonant and rapid neutron fluxes in the multiplier-reflector transition region, in the two principal directions of the system. We have also measured the variation of these different fluxes in the body of the multiplier medium in a canal filled with graphite and in an empty canal. The results are given in the form of curves representing: - the variation of the ratio of the thermal flux to the rapid flux in axial and radial transitions - the behavior of the thermal and resonant fluxes and the variation of their ratio in the same regions. (author) [French] Nous avons cherche a determiner le comportement des differents flux, thermique, resonnant et rapide a la transition milieu multiplicateur-reflecteur dans les deux directions principales du reseau. Nous avons egalement mesure la variation de ces differents flux au sein du milieu multiplicateur dans un canal rempli de graphite et dans un canal vide. Les resultats sont donnes sous forme de courbe representant: - La variation du rapport du flux thermique au flux rapide aux transitions axiale et radiale - L'allure des flux thermique et resonnant et la variation de leur rapport dans les memes regions. (auteur)

  11. Le choix de l'excellence

    CERN Document Server

    Collins, Jim

    2012-01-01

    Dix ans après le succès mondial de De la performance à l'excellence (Good to Great), Jim Collins et son associé Morten T. Hansen s'interrogent ici sur la nature de l excellence en période d incertitude. Pourquoi, dans un contexte chaotique, certaines entreprises sont florissantes et d autres non ? Comment, en ces temps troublés, réussir à diriger et vaincre l adversité pour dominer son marché ? La chance peut-elle sérieusement être envisagée comme un facteur de réussite ? À l issue d un programme de recherche ambitieux et rigoureux qui a duré neuf ans, les auteurs exposent dans cet ouvrage les nouveaux principes pour bâtir une entreprise réellement excellente. Leurs conclusions sont, comme toujours, étonnantes. Ils soulignent notamment que la course à l innovation n est pas toujours la meilleure voie à suivre, que discipline et créativité peuvent aller de concert et que malgré le changement permanent, les meilleures décisions sont rarement prises dans l urgence. Quant aux leaders, on...

  12. Le Baratze (ou

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacques Blot

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available El círculo de piedras Mendizabal 7, de 8 metros de diámetro,   presenta una corona externa constituida de grandes bloques   hincados en la tierra, y otra interna y tangente, de elementos idénticos sólo puestos en el suelo. El cajón central está compuesto de cuatro losas y una tapa. No hay depósito de huesos ni de carbón de leña ; sólo se encuentran dos herraduras, entre las cuales una completa de tipo medieval, que podrían permitir de pensar en una construcción del círculo en el periodo histórico.

  13. Le citoyen rieur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Rycman

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Dans la Pologne d’aujourd’hui, l’évolution des modèles d’engagement civique et politique s’opère plus particulièrement auprès des jeunes générations. Parmi les expériences nouvelles de participation politique, les nouvelles technologies de l’information et de la communication offrent des opportunités radicales de reconfigurer l’espace public. La jeunesse polonaise investit en masse le Web. Dans le flux de paroles affranchies circulant et dialoguant dans le cyberespace, nous nous intéressons ici au développement d’un discours qui emprunte au registre de la dérision et de la satire politiques. Une multitude de sites critiques, de nature apparemment contestataire, des sites d’opposition fondés sur le genre satirique, ont émergé comme réponse apportée à la situation politique. Cet espace public électronique représente une forme moderne de « folklore politique », contribuant au processus de socialisation des jeunes citoyens polonais.The laughing citizen. A modern form of civic commitment in democratic Poland?In present day Poland, the evolution of civic and political commitment models is above all the affaire of the younger generations. Among the current opportunities for political participation, the new information and communication technologies offer radical opportunities to reconfigure the public arena. Polish youth are flocking to the Web. Amongst the flux of frank points of views circulating and dialoguing in cyberspace, our interest here is the development of a discourse inspired by political and satirical derision. A multitude of critical, apparently anti-establishment, sites and general opposition sites using the satirical style have emerged as a response to the political situation. This public electronic space represents a modern form of « political folklore », contributing to the socialising processes of young polish citizens.El ciudadano que rie. ¿Nueva forma del compromiso cívico en la

  14. Le grand inventaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michel Melot

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Depuis quarante ans qu’il existe, l’Inventaire général des monuments et des richesses artistiques de la France n’a pas seulement progressé, couvrant près de dix mille communes, documentant plus de vingt mille dans cinq millions de pages, trois millions de photographies, et cent mille dessins. Il est devenu ce que ses fondateurs désiraient qu’il fût. Il n’est pas une liste d’objets plus ou moins singuliers qu’on aurait oubliés, mais l’observation méthodique de l’émergence dans le monde de l’ar...

  15. L'innovation sociale a travers la strategie d'occupation des espaces ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    L'innovation sociale est considérée comme une recomposition originale, créative et adaptative des ressources existantes disponibles dans ou à proximité des organisations (Coignet, 2013). Dans le champ sportif sous le prisme des politiques sportives locales, elle se donne à voir à travers les politiques de développement ...

  16. Open innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    West, Joel; Bogers, Marcel

    2017-01-01

    Interest in open innovation (OI) as a field of research has grown exponentially since the phrase was coined by Chesbrough in his 2003 book, with numerous articles, special issues, books, and conference sessions. Various reviews of the literature have summarized prior work, offered new frameworks......, and identified opportunities for future research. Here we summarize these opportunities, which include more research on outbound OI, the role of open innovation in services, and network forms of collaboration such as consortia, communities, ecosystems, and platforms. Research should also examine the use of OI...... by small, new, and not-for-profit organizations, as well as the linkage of individual actions and motivations to open innovation. Other opportunities include better measuring the costs, benefits, antecedents, mediators and moderators of the effects of OI on performance, and understanding why and how OI...

  17. Everyday Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lippke, Lena; Wegener, Charlotte

    2014-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore how vocational teachers’ everyday practices can constitute innovative learning spaces that help students to experience engagement and commitment towards education and thus increase their possibilities for completing their studies despite notable...... difficulties. Design/methodology/approach – Based on two ethnographic field studies, we analyse vocational teaching situations in which teachers and students engage in daily remaking of the vocational educational training practice. It is argued that these everyday situations can be understood as innovative....... Practical implications – Based on the analysis, we argue that students’ engagement in education can be enhanced by transforming the educational settings on various parameters such as buildings, artefacts, emotions and experiences. Thus, innovation should be recognised as emerging everyday activities...

  18. Reconsidering Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vaaben, Nana Katrine

    Innovation og reformer er på dagsordenen allevegne, ikke mindst i politiske forsøg på at reorganisere den offentlige sektor for at få velfærdssamfundet til at kunne overleve økonomisk tumult og dystre fremtidsprognoser. Dette papir undersøger, hvordan klassiske antropologiske teorier og debatter om...... forandring og myter kan hjælpe os med at genoverveje teoretiske forståelser af innovation i organisatoriske studier. I særlig grad sættes der fokus på de implikationer som vores "innovationsmyte" kan have for offentligt ansatte og værdsættelsen af deres arbejde. Analysens argument er, at innovation ikke skal...

  19. INVESTIR DANS LE SAVOIR : le soutien que le CRDI consent à des ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    5 nov. 2010 ... ... 40 ans, le Cenre de recherches pour le développement international (CRDI), en plus d'appuyer des travaux de recherche dans l'ensemble des pays en développement, encourage des générations successives de jeunes chercheurs par l'entremise de son Programme de formation et de bourses (PFB).

  20. Favoriser l’innovation dans l’élaboration des politiques

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Eva

    2013-01-01

    Dans de nombreux pays occidentaux, l’innovation dans le secteur public grimpe au sommet des préoccupations de la recherche et des réformes. L’innovation est de plus en plus vue comme l’une des principales manières d’améliorer l’efficacité et le rendement de la prestation des services publics, mais...

  1. Innovation Assessment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hasselbalch, Jacob

    2017-01-01

    Current regulatory approaches are ill-equipped to address the challenges of governing through periods of disruptive technological change. This article hones in on the use of assessment regimes at the level of the European Union, particularly in the work of the Commission, to argue for a missing...... I label innovation assessment, to steer polities through periods of disruptive technological change, during which innovations have taken concrete forms and are beginning to diffuse, but still exhibit much scope for rapid, unexpected change and alternative trajectories of development. By juxtaposing...

  2. Dans le tourbillon des particules

    CERN Document Server

    Zito, Marco

    2015-01-01

    Accélérateurs géants, détecteurs complexes, particules énigmatiques... La physique subatomique peut sembler bien intimidante pour le novice. Et pourtant, qui n a jamais entendu parler du boson de Higgs et du CERN, le laboratoire européen où il a été découvert en 2012 ? Nul besoin d être un spécialiste pour comprendre de quoi il s agit. Aujourd hui, une théorie extraordinairement élégante, le Modèle Standard, décrit tous les résultats des expériences dans le domaine. Trente-sept particules élémentaires et quatre forces fondamentales : c est tout ce dont nous avons besoin pour expliquer la matière et l Univers ! Ce livre, destiné à un large public, raconte sans équations le long parcours qui a abouti au Modèle Standard. Ce parcours, parfois sinueux, a été entamé lorsque les Grecs anciens, et peut-être d autres avant eux, ont imaginé que la matière est composée de petites « billes ». Il faudra attendre plusieurs siècles pour qu on réalise que la matière, à l échelle micros...

  3. Multisensory innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brem, Alexander; Kampfer, Kristina; Ivens, Bjoern

    2017-01-01

    For many companies, differentiating their offerings from competitors' value propositions is becoming increasingly challenging. In order to formulate convincing value propositions, a holistic approach is required that takes human perception and sensation into consideration. This article assesses t...... and ultimately alters behavior and thus substantiates its role in multisensory innovation and product design....

  4. Innovations (INNO)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1978-01-01

    The annual report of the working group on innovations (INNO) deals with the projects carried out by the participating institutes and laboratories in the two fields of 1) application of non-nuclear methods and 2) non-nuclear research and development. (HK) [de

  5. Effektiv innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søndergaard, Katia Dupret; Brandi, Ulrik

    2011-01-01

    Er det vækst og udvikling eller åbenhed, videnudvikling, netværk, leg og innovation? Eller er det prisregulering, tilpasning og stærk styring, som skal gøre universiteterne til førende drivkræfter for dansk vækst?...

  6. Software Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rose, Jeremy

      Innovation is the forgotten key to modern systems development - the element that defines the enterprising engineer, the thriving software firm and the cutting edge software application.  Traditional forms of technical education pay little attention to creativity - often encouraging overly...

  7. Balanced Innovation Management

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    King, David R

    2007-01-01

    The Department of Defense has demonstrated success in managing innovation. The military's approach to innovation management extends beyond traditional distinctions between internal and external innovation modes...

  8. Thematic outlook. Technical outlook for the fuel-cell research network (PACo). June 15, 2001 update, no. 0; Veille thematique. La veille technique pour le reseau PACo. Actualisation du 15 juin 2001, no. 0

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-06-01

    This report brings together a compilation of abstracts of articles about some recent research works carried out in the domain of fuel cells, hydrogen production and hydrogen storage: effect of hydrogen on the magnetic properties of iron nano-crystalline particulates; smaller fuel cells; development of a 1 kW PEMFC; materials for low temperature SOFCs; development and operation of a 150 W DMFC; materials science and engineering: a key-technology for the commercialization of fuel cells; chemical and electrochemical behaviour of Ni-Ti in cathodic conditions as used in a MCFC; patent for stainless steel bipolar plates; development of proton conductive membranes for PEMFCs and DMFCs; development and characterization of acid-doped polymer mixtures (poly-benzimidazole/sulfonated poly-sulfone) used as fuel cell electrolyte; modification of a proton conductive membrane for the reduction of methanol diffusion in a DMFC; DMFC based on a new low cost nano-porous membrane; method for controlling the connexion between a fuel cell and a power grid; steam reforming of biomass-derived ethanol for hydrogen production devoted to fuel cells; hydrogen production by catalytic decomposition of methane; hydrogen storage. (J.S.)

  9. Thematic outlook: the technical survey for the fuel cell research network PACO. August 13, 2004 update no. 26; Veille thematique. La veille technique pour le reseau PACO. Actualisation du 13 aout 2004, no. 26

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    Summaries of several recent articles are gathered here. They deal with fuel cells, means of transport, hydrogen production and storage. Their different titles are given below: 1)fuel cells, hydrogen and energy supply in Australia 2)fuel cell system 3)exergy analysis of a SOFC fed with ethanol or methane 4)a SOFC fed with H{sub 2}S 5)challenges to take up in the control of fuel cells systems: role of dynamic models 6)hydrogen as energetic vector for autonomous applications based on renewable energy sources 7)passive feed system for DMFC 8)heterogeneous poly-acids membrane for DMFC 8)ferritic stainless steel assessment as interconnections material for SOFC 9)an approach of super-capacitors integration in fuel cell electric-powered vehicles and emulation of the electric characteristics of the cell using an automatic converter 10)catalytic activity correlations: the difficult case of the hydrogen production from ammonia 11)desulfurization of natural gas and LPG, for reformers, in fuel cells systems 12)Cu/ZnO and Cu/ZnO/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} catalysts prepared by an homogeneous precipitation method, and used for methanol steam reforming 13)renewable energy production: role of gas and electric power networks to cope with the intermittence problem, with the hydrogen production and storage 14)comparison of the hydrogen adsorption on carbon nano-structures 15)hydrogen detector based on an optical and an electric switching. The references of these articles are detailed. (O.M.)

  10. Thematic outlook: the technical survey for the fuel cell research network PACO. June 14, 2004 update no. 25; Veille thematique. La veille technique pour le reseau PACO. Actualisation du 14 juin 2004, no. 25

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    Summaries of several recent articles are gathered here. They deal with fuel cells, means of transport, hydrogen production and storage. Their different titles are given below: 1)the American plan of de-regulated electric power production with fuel cells 2)application of single wall carbon nano-tubes in fuel cells 3)scenarios of SOFC introduction on the Japanese market 4)advanced SOFC technology and developments at the Siemens Westinghouse firm 5)manufacture and optimal size of a PEMFC cogeneration system for multi-residential application: application to the decomposition strategy 6)analysis of the life cycle of fuel cells using disposal gas 7)technical and economical analysis of a three-generation SOFC system 8)use of APU-FC for an average class tactical lorry, during a use in partial electric power supply or in condition of a silent stand by 9)modelling of the current supply of a lorry at stop: comparison between a idling engine and a APU 10)production of hydrogen and carbon nano-tubes by methane decomposition in a two-stage fluidized bed reactor 11)hydrogen production by auto-thermal reforming of gas-oil 12)simulations of cold starting of a gasoline reformer for mobile applications of fuel cells 13)ethanol production by steam reforming on a Pd/{gamma}Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} trading catalyst 14)control of the CO{sub 2}/(CO+CO{sub 2}) ratio and of the deactivation of the catalyst for the gasoline steam reforming 15)comparison of three integrated processes of partial oxidation producing hydrogen for fuel cells applications 16)search of new methods of the mixture: natural gas/hydrogen production for use in natural gas systems in The Netherlands 17)outline of the energy/hydrogen storage: progress achieved with the different techniques and future prospect of nano-materials 18) hydrogen storage in carbon nano-tubes synthesized by solar way 19)forecast and measurement of the limits of the flammability domain of fuel cells. The references of these articles rae detailed. (O.M.)

  11. Preliminary study on field buses for the control system of the high voltage of the ATLAS hadronic calorimeter; Etude preliminaire d`un reseau de terrain pour le systeme de controle des hautes tensions du calorimetre hadronique d`Atlas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Drevet, F.; Chadelas, R.; Montarou, G.

    1996-12-31

    We present here after a preliminary study on field buses for the control system of the high voltage of the photomultipliers of the TILECAL calorimeter. After some generalities, different commercial buses are reviewed (CAN, ARCET, WorldFIP, Profibus and LonWorks). The Profibus and LonWorks solution are more extensively studies as a possible solution for the high voltage system of the TILE hadronic calorimeter. (authors).

  12. Drinking-water hydropower station 'Loye' in Grone, Switzerland - Feasibility study; Petite centrale hydro-electrique de Loye sur le reseau d'eau potable de la commune de Grone. Etude de faisabilite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-11-15

    This final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) describes a small hydropower project to be realised in Grone, southern Switzerland. The system planed is described. This provides the necessary pressure reduction in the drinking-water supply system between the springs in the mountains and the reservoir in the valley whilst generating electrical power at the same time. A one-injector Pelton turbine that meets all drinking-water quality requirements is used to generate 48 kW of electrical power using the pressure obtained from the height-difference of around 164 metres. The forecast electricity production amounts to 283,000 kWh/y, of which 88,000 kWh in the wintertime. The expected production cost is 0.219 CHF/kWh. A 550 m long pipeline has to be replaced.

  13. Thematic outlook: the technical survey for the fuel cell research network (PACO). January 28, 2004 update no. 20; Veille thematique. La veille technique pour le reseau PACO. Actualisation du 15 janvier 2004, no. 20

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    Summaries of several recent articles are gathered here. They deal with fuel cells, means of transport, hydrogen production and storage. Their different titles are given below: 1)the characteristics of PEMFC running at negative exterior temperatures 2)the effects of CO poisoning on PEMFC at temperatures until 200 C 3)the mechanical properties of tubular SOFC 4)fuel cells fed with coal 5)analysis of cogeneration system: planar SOFC/gas turbine 6)modelling of fuel cells for transport, according to the neuronal networks method 7)design of hybrid fuel cell systems 8)a comparative study of direct methanol fuel cells for vehicles 9)desulfurization by adsorption and catalytic steam reforming of gas oil for applications in fuel cells 10)feasibility study of hydrogen production for fuel cell vehicles by naphtha on-board steam reforming 11)reforming catalyst of kerosene for fuel cell, kinetics and modelling of steam reforming 12)reforming by partial oxidation of low lubricant power gas oil, of dimethyl ether and methane for SOFC 13)conversion of solar heat in fuels by solar thermochemistry 14)hydrogen purification for fuel cells: selective oxidation of CO on Pt-Fe / zeolite catalysts 15)hydrogen photo-production from cellulose derived compound, with a system: chlorophyll / platinum nano-particles 16)hydrogen storage in commercial activated carbon. The references of these articles are detailed. (O.M.)

  14. Thematic outlook: the technical survey for the fuel cell research network PACO. April 16, 2004 update no. 23; Veille thematique. La veille technique pour le reseau PACO. Actualisation du 16 avril 2004, no. 23

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    Summaries of several recent articles are gathered here. They deal with fuel cells, means of transport, hydrogen production and storage. Their different titles are given below: 1)the importance of the fuel choice in the efficiency of the SOFC 2)assessment model of a centralized electric power system: SOFC/gas turbine 3)a direct borohydride fuel cell 4)thermodynamic optimization of the internal structure of a fuel cell 5)a SOFC/gas turbine cogeneration system 6)micro-fuel cells for portable applications 7)comparison of performances of direct alcohol fuel cells using different anode catalysts 8)materials and designs for SOFC used in stationary and mobile applications 9)development of measurement techniques for two-phase hydrogen weight flow 10)semi-conductors potentiometric probe for the hydrogen detection in air 11)integration of a fuel cell in an electric system, using a regulator based on the theory of regulation by disturbances accommodation 12)'greening London's black cabs': a study of the use potential of fuel cells cabs in London 13)gasification of leather residues - part 1 - experimental study in a pilot gasifier with a descending current 14)use of composite conducting membranes to produce hydrogen by water dissociation 15)molybdenum carbide based catalyst for the water gas reaction used in fuel cells vehicles applications 16)hydrogen production process from methane hydrates with carbon dioxide hydrates sequestration 17)comparative study between the hydrogen adsorption on super activated carbon and on carbon nano-tubes. The references of these articles are detailed. (O.M.)

  15. Thematic outlook: the technical survey for the fuel cell research network PACO. March 14, 2005 update no. 29; Veille thematique. La veille technique pour le reseau PACO. Actualisation du 14 mars 2005, no. 29

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    Summaries of several recent articles are gathered here. They deal with fuel cells and hydrogen production. Their different titles are given below: 1)thermodynamic analysis of a SOFC fed with ethanol and running in internal reforming mode 2)effect of the methanol and ethanol permeation on the efficiencies of a direct alcohol fuel cell with a PtRu/C anode 3)analysis of an hybrid SOFC micro-turbine micro-generation system 4)dynamic modelling and simulation of a small hybrid wind-fuel cell system 5)simulation of a system combining SOFC and PEMFC 6)assessment of the impacts and of the economical aspects of the fuel cell APU part 1: modelling of the cost and the efficiencies of the system part 2)impacts on the health and on the environment, analysis of the life cycle and optimization 7)efficiencies of vehicles equipped with direct hydrogen or reformed methanol PEMFC 8)methods for supplying fuel cell devices 9)auxiliary fuel cell system 10)analysis of life cycle of maritime applications of fuel cells 11)critical analysis of different hydrogen production and uses ways 12)comparison of the hydrogen and natural gas production processes in a thermodynamical and environmental point of view 13)research and development on the hydrogen production by high temperature electrolysis. The references of these articles are detailed. (O.M.)

  16. Thematic outlook: the technical survey for the fuel cell research network PACO. September 29, 2004 update no. 27; Veille thematique. La veille technique pour le reseau PACO. Actualisation du 29 septembre 2004, no. 27

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    Summaries of several recent articles are gathered here. They deal with fuel cells, means of transport, hydrogen production and storage. Their different titles are given below: 1)the Germany countries agreement for fuel cells 2)electrochemical modelling of an IP-SOFC 3)design and performances of PEMFC tested with negative temperatures 4)carbon-air fuel cells without reforming process 5)exergy and economical analysis of a PAFC system of 200 kW 6)experience feedback on the use of a PAFC 7)experience feedback on the use of a PEMFC of 250 kW 8)hybrid fuel cell-powered vehicle: a possible solution of motorization 9)recent advancements in direct ethanol fuel cells: development of new platinum-tin electrocatalysts 10)review of components for SOFC anode 11)development of a fuel cell bicycle 12)steam reforming and water gas conversion by vapor permeation in a PCFC 13)modelling of an auto-thermal catalytic reformer for fuel cells applications 14)CO removal: system integrated to a preferential oxidation reactor for PEMFC vehicles 15)helio-hydraulic and helio-thermal hydrogen production 16)recent advances in the field of hydrogen storage in inorganic nano-structures containing metals 17)sequestration and storage of CO{sub 2}, the essential link for an hydrogen economy. The references of these articles are detailed. (O.M.)

  17. Thematic outlook. Technical outlook for the fuel-cell research network (PACo). October 23, 2001 update, no. 2; Veille thematique. La veille technique pour le reseau PACo. Actualisation du 23 octobre 2001, no. 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-10-01

    This report brings together a compilation of abstracts of articles about some recent research works carried out in the domain of fuel cells, transportation systems, hydrogen production and energy in general: Japan foresees 10 million of clean vehicles from now to 2010; the fuel cell: a new clean and efficient energy source; development of biogas production units for fuel cells; thermodynamic analysis of an hydrogen-supplied proton conductive SOFC; materials for the high temperature reduction of oxygen in a SOFC; stability of of SOFC components; LaSrMnO metal interface for SOFCs; oxygen ion transport in SOFCs; test of a fuel cell-powered bus in 2002; comparative study of fuels for the on-board hydrogen production; electricity and hydrogen cogeneration from natural gas without emission; solar thermal decarbonization of natural gas; IFC patent: self-thermal reformer of gas fuel for a fuel cell system; some considerations about water electrolysis from a solution of sodium hydroxide; hydrogen production from high temperature water; a more compact and efficient wind turbine. (J.S.)

  18. Thematic outlook: the technical survey for the fuel cell research network PACO. November 15, 2004 update no. 28; Veille thematique. La veille technique pour le reseau PACO. Actualisation du 15 novembre 2004, no. 28

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    Summaries of several recent articles are gathered here. They deal with fuel cells, hydrogen production and storage. Their different titles are given below: 1)commercialization of fuel cells: technical and economical difficulties to the development of a hydrogen basic equipment 2)public directives to promote the acceptance of fuel cells for automotive industry 3)direct alcohol SOFC: current - voltage characteristics and composition of the fuel gas 4)control by the fuzzy logic method of an autonomous or connected to the electric system SOFC 5)determination of the energetic yield of a DMFC by a fuel circulation system 6)an hybrid system SOFC-Stirling motor of 5 kW 7)control system of PEM type APU feed with gasoline 8)development of a DMFC generator of 2W 8)analysis of the life cycle of the hydrogen production processes 9)hydrogen production for fuel cells by ethanol catalytic steam reforming 10)methanol production from coal: what are the aims of the research? 11)application of a membrane electrochemical reactor to the hydrogen production process by iodine-sulfur thermochemical cycles 12)hydrogen storage in carbonated nano-materials: possibilities and challenges. The references of these articles are detailed. (O.M.)

  19. Vaye-Planaz drinking-water hydro-power installation; Petite centrale hydro-electrique de Vaye-Planaz sur le reseau d'eau potable de la commune de Grone. Etude de faisabilite. Rapport final

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-02-15

    This final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) presents the concept for a hydro-power installation that uses an existing drinking-water supply system. The report takes a look at the present situation which features ground-water sources, a transport pipeline and two reservoirs. The concept for the use of the available water pressure due to height-difference to drive a turbine and so generate electricity is described. Variants considered are reviewed. Investment and operating costs are examined as are the electricity production and the cost of the power generated. Finally, investments and other financial aspects are looked at and the further course of action is discussed.

  20. Atomistic modelling study of lanthanide incorporation in the crystal lattice of an apatite; Etude par modelisation atomistique de l'incorporation de lanthanides dans le reseau cristallin d'une apatite phosphocalcique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Louis-Achille, V

    1999-07-01

    Studies of natural and synthetic apatites allow to propose such crystals as matrix for nuclear waste storage. The neodymium substituted britholite, Ca{sub 9}Nd(PO{sub 4}){sub 5}(SiO{sub 4})F{sub 2}. is a model for the trivalent actinide storage Neodymium can be substituted in two types of sites. The aim of this thesis is to compare the chemical nature of this two sites in fluoro-apatite Ca{sub 9}(PO{sub 4}){sub 6}F{sub 2} and then in britholite, using ab initio atomistic modeling. Two approaches are used: one considers the infinite crystals and the second considers clusters. The calculations of the electronic structure for both were performed using Kohn and Sham density functional theory in the local approximation. For solids, pseudopotentials were used, and wave functions are expanded in plane waves. For clusters, a frozen core approximation was used, and the wave functions are expanded in a linear combination of Slater type atomic orbitals. The pseudopotential is semi-relativistic for neodymium, and the Hamiltonian is scalar relativistic for the clusters. The validation of the solid approach is performed using two test cases: YPO{sub 4} and ScPO{sub 4}. Two numerical tools were developed to compute electronic deformation density map, and calculate partial density of stases. A full optimisation of the lattice parameters with a relaxation of the atomic coordinates leads to correct structural and thermodynamic properties for the fluoro-apatite, compared to experience. The electronic deformation density maps do not show any significant differences. between the two calcium sites. but Mulliken analysis on the solid and on the clusters point out the more ionic behavior of the calcium in site 2. A neodymium substituted britholite is then studied. Neodymium location only induces local modifications in; the crystalline structure and few changes in the formation enthalpy. The electronic study points out an increase of the covalent character the bonding involving neodymium compared with the one related to calcium, particularly in the Nd-F bond. (author)

  1. Thematic outlook: the technical outlook for the fuel cell research network (PACO). July 21, 2003 update no. 14; Veille thematique. La veille technique pour le reseau PACO. Actualisation du 21 juillet 2003, no. 14

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-07-01

    Summaries of several recent articles and patents are gathered here. They deal with fuel cells and hydrogen production and storage. Their different titles are given below: 1)fuel cells fed with wood in different buildings 2)use of CO{sub 2} produced in a SOFC in a reactor in which algae are produced 3)PEMFC systems: the requirement of using polymers running at higher temperatures to better manage the heat and water 4)a technical and economical assessment of a fuel cell system decoupled of the electric network to feed buildings located in Sweden 5)use of ammonia as fuel in SOFC 6)direct oxidation fuel cells running with pure propanol-2 6)fuel cells at protonic ceramics for a running at a higher yield with methane 7)future role of gold in fuel cell systems 8)a heat management system in a fuel cell 9)tests in real conditions of the running of a fuel cell hybrid bus 10)a hydrogen production unit from hydrocarbons without releases for fuel cells used for mobile and portable applications 11)development of a methanol reformer for fuel cells 12)the reforming of liquid hydrocarbons for fuel cells used in transport applications 13)the properties of hydrogen storage in metallic hydrides with vanadium having a centred cubic structure. The references of these articles and patents are detailed. (O.M.)

  2. Thematic outlook. Technical outlook for the fuel-cell research network (PACo). September 19, 2001 update, no. 1; Veille thematique. La veille technique pour le reseau PACo. Actualisation du 19 septembre 2001, no. 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-09-01

    This report brings together a compilation of abstracts of articles about some recent research works carried out in the domain of fuel cells, hydrogen production and hydrogen storage: dynamical behaviour of a PEM fuel cell for stationary applications; characterization of the Ballard's MK5-E PEMFC; modeling and analysis of a PEM system for transportation system applications; increase of the performances of a PEMFC by the optimization of the membrane and of the conditions of humidification; SOFC: exo-thermal reaction and heat source; average temperature SOFCs; performance and structure of a new CoO/Ni-based cathode for MCFC; choice of materials for fuel cell technology; recent trends of fuel cell-powered vehicles; hydrogen production in supercritical liquids for fuel cell use; on-board fuel conversion for fuel cells: comparison of the different fuels by numerical simulation; hydrogen production systems for fuel cells; reactor for the preferential catalytic oxidation of carbon monoxide (PROX) for PEMFC systems devoted to automotive vehicles; study of a gasoline reformer for fuel cell-powered vehicle applications; experimental research about hydrogen production from n-octane partial oxidation and vapo-reforming; simulation study of hydrogen storage in mono-sheet carbon nano-tubes; hydrogen adsorption in carbonized nano-structures; specific properties of the hydrogen engine; biomass power plants: a spectacular expansion in Germany. (J.S.)

  3. Thematic outlook. Technical outlook for the fuel-cell research network (PACo). January 31, 2002 update, no. 5; Veille thematique. La veille technique pour le reseau PACo. Actualisation du 31 janvier 2002, no. 5

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-01-01

    This report brings together a compilation of abstracts of articles about some recent research works carried out in the domain of fuel cells, hydrogen production and hydrogen storage: fuel cells and fuel cell systems with a non-aqueous electrolyte; the co-development of a fuel cell electrode by Mitsubishi Materials, Kansai Electric Power and Fine Ceramics; a tubular fuel cell under development at the Japan national institute of advanced industrial sciences and technologies (AIST); a patent for an essential component (electro-catalyst) of Medis Technologies' fuel cells; a SOFC with good performances; influence of CO concentration and gas pressure on the performances of a PAFC-type cell; analysis of the life cycle of hydrogen fuel: a methodology for a strategic approach of decision; R and D of a clean hydrogen-based energy system; Teledyne Energy Systems proposes a new hydrogen production system; green alga: still more hydrogen; thermodynamic study and optimization of the hydrogen production by Enterobacter aerogenes; large-scale hydrogen production from hydrocarbons; comparative study of fuels for the production of hydrogen on-board of fuel cell powered vehicles; hydrogen storage in carbon nano-structures; fundamental aspects of the Ti-H system: theoretical and experimental behaviour. (J.S.)

  4. Transportation network development in a liberalized power system, a coordination problem with production; Le developpement du reseau de transport dans un systeme electrique liberalise, un probleme de coordination avec la production

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rious, V

    2007-10-15

    This thesis analyses how the long term coordination between generation and transmission is organised in a liberalized power system. It relies on a modular analysis framework that allows us to separate the coordination mechanisms into distinct modules. The governance structure of the power network completes this analysis framework. In a rationale of institutional complementarity, this governance structure impacts the way the TSOs effectively implement the power flow management. The proactive behaviour of the TSO for the coordination of generation and transmission can be explained in two ways. Firstly, the network investment can be the only effective process of long term coordination between generation and transmission. Secondly, when forecasting network investment, the TSO can prepare the accommodation of the fast-built generation units and detect the potential failures of locational incentive signals. (author)

  5. Thematic outlook: the technical survey for the fuel cell research network PACO. February 26, 2004 update no. 21; Veille thematique. La veille technique pour le reseau PACO. Actualisation du 26 fevrier 2004, no. 21

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    Summaries of several recent articles are gathered here. They deal with fuel cells, means of transport, hydrogen production and storage, environment. Their different titles are given below: 1)a 10 kW pressurized SOFC unit 2)design of a SOFC system for unstable network 3)demonstration for the general public of high and low temperature fuel cells 4)development of an APU for mobile application based on the SOFC technology 5)fuel cells as continuous supply source 6)PEM fuel cells with carbon nano-tubes electrodes 7)a temperature control system of a reformer fed by a fuel cell 8)the hybridization, a solution for fuel cell vehicles 9)hydrogen production by ethanol auto-thermal reforming on a Rh/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} catalyst 10)partial oxidation reforming catalyst for fuel cells vehicles 11)hydrogen production increased by a reactive mixture of alkaline aqueous solutions of an alkaline metal borohydride for fuel cells 12)development of an hydrogen generator (of about 10 kW) using chemical hydrides 13)device for pure gases production, in particular hydrogen and oxygen, from gaseous or liquid mixtures, for stationary and mobile applications 14)hydrogen storage in carbon nano-tubes synthesized by pyrolysis with a nickel-lanthanum catalyst 15)estimation of the new energetic and transport systems; the case of fuel cells, part 2: environmental performances. The references of these articles are detailed. (O.M.)

  6. Thematic survey: the technical survey for the PACo network. February 2003 actualization, no.9; Veille thematique: la veille technique pour le reseau PACo. Actualisation de fevrier 2003, no.9

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-07-01

    This document provides the thematic survey concerning the hydrogen fuel cell, realized on february 2003. The papers published during this period deal with the hydrogen fuel cell (low power stationary, mobile and handling applications, components), the hydrogen production (low temperature methane reforming, hydrogen and methane production from biomass, PEM hydrogen cells, hydrogen production for hybrid fuel cell vehicle) and hydrogen storage (catalytic de-hydrogeno-aromatization of the decalin for the hydrogen storage, calcium and lithium hydrides utilization, the Ti-Mg-Ni alloy capacity for the hydrogen storage, metallic hydrides, iron oxido-reduction for the PEMFC). For each purposes abstracts are provided. (A.L.B.)

  7. Thematic outlook: the technical outlook for the fuel cell research network (PACO). December 8, 2003 update no. 18; Veille thematique. La veille technique pour le reseau PACO. Actualisation du 8 decembre 2003, no. 18

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-07-01

    Summaries of different recent articles and patents are gathered here. They deal with fuel cells, means of transport, hydrogen production and storage and with the different other energies. Their different titles are given below: 1)fuel cells or internal combustion engine, will it be really a 'or'? 2)fuel cell systems with a high yield using heat generated by the fuel for producing an addition of electricity 3)the design of DFC (Direct Fuel Cell) 4)electricity production by glucose oxidation in bacterial fuels without intermediary 5)simulation of a photovoltaic/micro-hydraulic/hydrogen system for feeding a house in the Alpes area. Part 2: the integrated system 6)recent advances in the field of materials for fuel cells 7)new materials for hydrogen production in PEMFC 8)modelling of the performances of lithium-ion batteries for fuel cells vehicles 9)hydrogen production at low temperature from oxygenated hydrocarbons 10)an alternative system for stationary hydrogen production: the iron sponge reforming cycle 11)a steam reformer for abating the releases of an internal combustion engine 12)hydrogen separation and purification: hydrogen recycling for SOFC 13)hydrogen physico-chemical storage: are carbon nano-tubes good means of hydrogen storage? 14)energetic scenarios until 2050 15)the use of wind energy on the electric network. The references of these articles and patents are detailed. (O.M.)

  8. Thematic outlook: the technical outlook for the fuel cell research network (PACO). December 22, 2003 update no. 19; Veille thematique. La veille technique pour le reseau PACO. Actualisation du 22 decembre 2003, no. 19

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-07-01

    Summaries of several recent articles and patents are gathered here. They deal with fuel cells, the means of transport, the hydrogen production and with the different new other energies. Their different titles are given below : 1)gas turbine/fuel cell arrangement 2)design and fabrication of a SOFC by CERAMIC FUEL CELLS 3)a 'microbial' fuel cell able of converting glucose in electricity with high yields and velocity 4)a hybrid system: combined cycle gas turbine - multi-stage SOFC 5)a SOFC as auxiliary generator of electricity in an aircraft 6)recent development results of fuel in the Juelich research center 7)state of development of the SOFC at Haldor Topsoe/Risoe 8)a cost/advantage analysis of 'clean cars': methodology and applications to the electric cars 9)the generation of current and heat in a aerostat 10)hydrogen free from CO, produced from bio-ethanol steam reforming on cobalt catalysts supported on ZnO. Effect of the metallic precursor 11)device and method based on the cyclic auto-thermal reforming 12)the ammonia, source of hydrogen for a hybrid system: alkaline fuel/battery 13)effect of the Nafion on the activity of Pt-Ru electrocatalysts for the methanol electro-oxidation 14)'VISION 21': an integration of systems based on coal. The references of these articles and patents are detailed. (O.M.)

  9. Icogne irrigation-network hydro-power installation; Petite centrale hydro-electrique sur le reseau d'irrigation de la commune d'Icogne. Etude de faisabilite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cordonier, N.; Rey, G. [Nicolas Cordonier et Gilles Rey SA, Sierre (Switzerland)

    2007-01-15

    This final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) presents the feasibility study for a hydro-power installation that uses an existing municipal irrigation scheme in the alpine region of Icogne, Switzerland. The report takes a look at the present situation which features, apart from the irrigation scheme itself, mountain torrents and artificial compensation lakes. The concept for the use of the available water pressure due to height-difference between these two lakes to drive a turbine and so generate electricity is described. Variants considered are reviewed. Investment and operating costs are examined as are the electricity production and the cost of the power generated. Finally, investments and other financial aspects are looked at and the further course of action is discussed.

  10. Definition of a reference metrology network for the positioning of a large linear accelerator; Definition d'un reseau de reference metrologique pour le positionnement d'un grand accelerateur lineaire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Becker, F

    2003-12-15

    This thesis is a study of the Compact Linear Collider (CLIC) alignment system, a project of linear accelerator of about 30 km long of the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN). The pre-alignment tolerance on the transverse positions of the components of the CLIC linacs is typically ten microns over distances of 200 m. This research is a consequence of 10 years work, where several sets of special sensors dedicated to metrology have been adapted for the CLIC project. Most of these sensors deliver measurements linked to geometric references sensitive to gravity fluctuation. An important part of this work is therefore dedicated to study the gravity disruptions as a high level of accuracy is required. The parameters to take into account in the use of the hydrostatic leveling have thus been highlighted. A proposal of configuration of the system alignment based on a selection of sensors has also been given in this research. Computer models of different possible configurations have been presented. As the existing computing software was inappropriate, a new object oriented software package has been developed, to ensure future upgrades. An optimized configuration of the network has been defined from a set of simulations. Finally, due to problems in the use of hydrostatic leveling systems, a solution based on the use of a long laser beam as an alternative solution is discussed. (author)

  11. Thematic outlook: the technical outlook for the fuel cell research network (PACO). September 23, 2003 update no. 16; Veille thematique. La veille technique pour le reseau PACO. Actualisation du 23 septembre 2003, no. 16

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-07-01

    Summaries of several recent articles and patents are gathered here. They deal with fuel cells and hydrogen production and storage. Their different titles are given below: 1)the behaviour of the electrode potential in direct hydrazine fuels 2)a device of desalination fed with a fuel cell 3)experiment in the field of residential fuel cell systems at ECN (Energy Research Center) 4)'design of a divided feeding' for SOFC with an internal reforming system 5)water management and thermal management in a fuel cell vehicle fed with hydrogen extracted from sodium borohydride (NaBH{sub 4}) 6)a mathematical model of propulsion systems by PEMFC for mobile applications 7)assessment of the feasibility of a DMFC containing an alkaline membrane 8)semi-empirical assessment model of the performance of a DMFC, first part: development of the model and validation 9)PEMFC and the challenge of CO 10)materials for SOFC 11)natural gas and LPG desulfurization for fuel cells reformers 12)heat exchangers for reforming techniques 13)desulfurization of a fuel for fuel cell system 14)hydrogen production from solar thermal reactor 15)hydrogen physico-chemical storage: nano-structured storage materials having modified covalent bonds sp2. The references of these articles and patents are detailed. (O.M.)

  12. Thematic outlook: the technical survey for the fuel cell research network PACO. May 18, 2004 update no. 24; Veille thematique. La veille technique pour le reseau PACO. Actualisation du 18 mai 2004, no. 24

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    Summaries of several recent articles are gathered here. They deal with fuel cells, means of transport, hydrogen production and storage. Their different titles are given below: 1)comparison of the costs between the electric-powered vehicles and the fuel cell vehicles 2)fuel savings of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles 3)direct formic acid fuel cells producing high current density 4)use of biogas in a SOFC 5)test unit for the determination of the seasonal performance of fuel cell residential systems 6)new management technique of fuel cells for optimizing the output power and the fuel use yield 7)SOFC/micro-turbines systems: current progress achieved and future development 8)advances in the field of the PEMFC 9)advances in the field of new materials for PEMFC 10)hybridization of fuel cell vehicles: an accessible solution for efficient traction systems 11)exergy life cycle analysis of systems of production and storage of hydrogen for mobile application 12)hydrogen and electric power production from coal with CO{sub 2} sequestration 13)H{sub 2}S low temperature removal with ZnO in gas mixtures containing vapor for applications in fuel cells 1-ZnO particles and extruded compounds 14)catalytic nano-composite membranes for CO abatement in fuel cell applications 15)activity and stability of Cu-CeO catalysts in the water-gas conversion for fuel cell applications 16)hydrogen production for fuel cell by ethanol partial oxidation on a nickel based catalyst 17)micro-reactor for hydrogen production in micro-fuel cell applications 18)hydrogen storage capacity and electrochemical properties of the electrode material La{sub 0.7}Mg{sub 0.3}Ni{sub 3.825}Co{sub 0.675}Mn{sub x}(A) 19)hydrogen storage and desorption capacity of carbon nano-tubes. The references of these articles are detailed. (O.M.)

  13. Thematic outlook: the technical survey for the fuel cell research network PACO. March 22, 2004 update no. 22; Veille thematique. La veille technique pour le reseau PACO. Actualisation du 22 mars 2004, no. 22

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    Summaries of several recent articles are gathered here. They deal with fuel cells, means of transport, hydrogen production and storage and renewable energies. Their different titles are given below: 1)recent developments in the field of polymer electrolyte fuel cells membranes running above 100 C 2)a new study method of a two-phase flow in a direct methanol fuel cell 3)fuel cell system 4)direct polymer electrolyte fuel cells running with dimethyl ether for portable applications 5)new fuel cells developments for aerospace equipment 6)anode materials for SOFC 7)application of the fuel cell technology to the rail transport 8)hydrogen production by hydrocarbons steam reforming on Ni or Fe based catalysts which are modified by an alkaline earth metal 9)thermochemical hydrogen production from Pacinum virgatum plant 10)development of a catalyst for biomass gasification, in a double-bed gasifier 11)the role of hydrogen in the development of wind power electric systems: the case of Ireland 12)feasibility study of a hydrogen distribution basic equipment for fuel cells vehicles, based on the use of electric power produced in off-peak hours in Japan 13)'bio-hydrogen' production: future developments and limits to a practical application 14)improvement of the hydrogen production from a biomass gasification process, indirectly heated. Removal of carbon dioxide releases with a new biological reformer 15)storage of hydrogen cooled with liquid nitrogen 16)ten years of running of a renewable energy production system based on hydrogen. The references of these articles are detailed. (O.M.)

  14. Thematic outlook: the technical survey for the fuel cell research network PACO. April 29, 2005 update no. 30; Veille thematique. La veille technique pour le reseau PACO. Actualisation du 29 avril 2005, no. 30

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    Summaries of several recent articles are gathered here. They deal with fuel cells, hydrogen production and transport and distribution. Their different titles are given below: 1)hydrogen and energetic strategies first part: current progress achieved and requirements 2)hydrogen and energetic strategies second part: influences on the world stability 3)fuel cells: a future technology respectful with the environment 4)thermo-economical modelling and optimization of fuel cells systems 5)simulation of a SOFC fed with methane 6)processes analyses and assessment of the exergy losses in a SOFC 7)characterization and analysis of the efficiencies of a SOFC with a proton conducting ceramic electrolyte 8)economic and environmental feasibility study of a group of fuel cells cogeneration systems of 200 kW on the campus of the Stanford university 9)in situ measurements of water distribution in a polymer electrolyte fuel cell 10)comparison of electric power and hydrogen production systems with CO{sub 2} sequestration and storage 11)cold plasma use for hydrocarbons reforming 12)study of the cracks growth in AISI 304 weldings and steel plates under hydrogen or synthetic air atmosphere. The references of these articles are detailed. (O.M.)

  15. Thematic outlook: the technical survey for the fuel cell research network PACO. May 31, 2005 update no. 31; Veille thematique. La veille technique pour le reseau PACO. Actualisation du 31 mai 2005, no. 31

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    Summaries of several recent articles are gathered here. They deal with fuel cells, hydrogen production and storage. Their different titles are given below: 1)Comparison of the carbon formation domains in a SOFC fed with methane 2)efficiencies of energy storage systems using hydrogen and oxygen 3)electric power and water autonomous generator 4)efficiencies of fuel cells systems running with pure H{sub 2} and O{sub 2} for automobiles applications 5)desulfurization of JP-8 fuel, by selective adsorption on an nickel based adsorbent for micro-SOFC 6)fast response methanol detector running in a wide range of concentrations and temperatures 7)microstructural changes of the unit membrane-electrode during aging tests in strongly wet conditions 8)super-capacitors used as an energy storage system in an hybrid fuel cell system for mobile applications 9)comparison of the steam reforming assisted by hexane and iso-octane microwave plasma 10)continuous production of hydrogen by synthesis gas fermentation (water gas conversion by biological way) 11)titanium coated with carbon nano-tubes as a potential mean to store hydrogen 12)hydrogen storage in magnesium nano-structured composite materials 13)simulation of an hydrogen storage system from hydrides thermally coupled with a fuel cell. The references of these articles are detailed. (O.M.)

  16. Thematic outlook: the technical survey for the fuel cell research network PACO. June 28, 2005 update no. 32; Veille thematique. La veille technique pour le reseau PACO. Actualisation du 28 juin 2005, no. 32

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    Summaries of several recent articles are gathered here. They deal with fuel cells, hydrogen production and storage. Their different titles are given below: 1)advantages of the use of hydrogen compared with kerosene 2)comparative study of three types of microbial fuel cells 3)carbon nano-tubes for electric applications 4)separation of the CO{sub 2} during the hydrocarbons gasification 5)hydrogen production from hydrocarbons assisted by plasma 6)plasma pyrolysis of biomass for synthesis gas and carbonaceous adsorbent production 7)fast starting reformer for automobile applications 8)development of a unit of hydrogen production from LPG for PEM systems: assessment at the laboratory scale of the sub-units of auto-thermal reforming and of selective oxidation 9)hydrogen and electric power production, with CO{sub 2} sequestration, by redox species chemical cycle reforming (CuO, Mn{sub 2}O{sub 3}, NiO, Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} and SiO{sub 2} as support) 10)exergy and economic analysis of a PEM electrolyser running at different temperatures and pressures 11)nano-structured materials for hydrogen storage 12)composite materials based on light elements for hydrogen storage. The references of these articles are detailed. (O.M.)

  17. Adding a small hydroelectric power plant to the irrigation system of the Liddes community. Feasibility study; Installation d'une petite centrale hydraulique sur le reseau d'irrigation de la commune de Liddes. Etude de faisabilite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    This final report prepared for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) examines the possibility of generating electric power with an irrigation system in the southwestern Swiss Alps. The water of the mountain torrent of Palasuit is collected at an altitude of 1620 m above sea-level in a reservoir. It is then passed through a pipeline to the distribution reservoir at 1450 m above sea-level. Among the various schemes studied, the most promising one comprises a Pelton turbine with 2 injectors that utilises a net height-difference of 162 meters. The resulting flow amounts to 150 l/s producing 197 kW of power. In order to achieve this flow, some sections of the pipeline must be replaced by ducts of a larger diameter. If the community of Liddes would obtain the permission to generate power during the whole year, the production would amount to 574,000 kWh/year and the resulting cost 0.090 CHF/kWh.

  18. Thematic outlook: the technical outlook for the fuel cell research network (PACO). December 22, 2003 update no. 19; Veille thematique. La veille technique pour le reseau PACO. Actualisation du 22 decembre 2003, no. 19

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-07-01

    Summaries of several recent articles and patents are gathered here. They deal with fuel cells, the means of transport, the hydrogen production and with the different new other energies. Their different titles are given below : 1)gas turbine/fuel cell arrangement 2)design and fabrication of a SOFC by CERAMIC FUEL CELLS 3)a 'microbial' fuel cell able of converting glucose in electricity with high yields and velocity 4)a hybrid system: combined cycle gas turbine - multi-stage SOFC 5)a SOFC as auxiliary generator of electricity in an aircraft 6)recent development results of fuel in the Juelich research center 7)state of development of the SOFC at Haldor Topsoe/Risoe 8)a cost/advantage analysis of 'clean cars': methodology and applications to the electric cars 9)the generation of current and heat in a aerostat 10)hydrogen free from CO, produced from bio-ethanol steam reforming on cobalt catalysts supported on ZnO. Effect of the metallic precursor 11)device and method based on the cyclic auto-thermal reforming 12)the ammonia, source of hydrogen for a hybrid system: alkaline fuel/battery 13)effect of the Nafion on the activity of Pt-Ru electrocatalysts for the methanol electro-oxidation 14)'VISION 21': an integration of systems based on coal. The references of these articles and patents are detailed. (O.M.)

  19. Thematic outlook: the technical outlook for the fuel cell research network (PACO). April 9, 2003 update no. 11; Veille thematique. La veille technique pour le reseau PACO. Actualisation du 9 avril 2003, no. 11

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-07-01

    Summaries of several recent articles and patents are gathered here. They deal with fuel cells, hydrogen production and storage. Their different titles are given below: 1)the historical developments on fuel cells during the last hundred years 2)the development of an ITPCFC (Intermediate Temperature Proton Conducting Fuel Cell) 3)a fuel cell coupled with an enzymatic process to produce electricity, to transform and isolate CO{sub 2} 4)the potentialities of fuel cell vehicles 5)an energetic modelling of clean vehicles to reduce the CO{sub 2} releases in Japan 6)the selective oxidation of carbon monoxide from platinum, ruthenium and palladium catalysts to produce hydrogen 7)a coal conversion process in a gas rich in hydrogen for fuel cell 8)the hydrogen production by methane cracking for fuel cell 9)the hydrogenation characteristics of magnesium films exposed in air for hydrogen storage 10)the hydrogen storage in carbon nano-tubes and materials of the same family 11)the electrochemical opening of carbon nano-tubes at ambient temperature followed by hydrogen storage. The references of these articles and patents are detailed. (O.M.)

  20. Expression Study of LeGAPDH, LeACO1, LeACS1A, and LeACS2 in Tomato Fruit (Solanum lycopersicum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pijar Riza Anugerah

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Tomato is a climacteric fruit, which is characterized by ripening-related increase of respiration and elevated ethylene synthesis. Ethylene is the key hormone in ripening process of climacteric fruits. The objective of this research is to study the expression of three ethylene synthesis genes: LeACO1, LeACS1A, LeACS2, and a housekeeping gene LeGAPDH in ripening tomato fruit. Specific primers have been designed to amplify complementary DNA fragment of LeGAPDH (143 bp, LeACO1 (240 bp, LeACS1A (169 bp, and LeACS2 (148 bp using polymerase chain reaction. Nucleotide BLAST results of the complementary DNA fragments show high similarity with LeGAPDH (NM_001247874.1, LeACO1 (NM_001247095.1, LeACS1A (NM_001246993.1, LeACS2 (NM_001247249.1, respectively. Expression study showed that LeACO1, LeACS1A, LeACS2, and LeGAPDH genes were expressed in ripening tomato fruit. Isolation methods, reference sequences, and primers used in this study can be used in future experiments to study expression of genes responsible for ethylene synthesis using quantitative polymerase chain reaction and to design better strategy for controlling fruit ripening in agroindustry.

  1. Le Valais et ses Reines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Campi

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Combat de ReinesAu premier plan (la corde dans la main, un propriétaire de vaches. Dans l'arène se trouve le rabatteur. Les Reines sur la photo sont des reines de première catégorie (ainsi que le montre le « I » sur leur cuisse .Dimanche 6 mai 2012, « Schakira », la vache numéro 42, a gagné, non sans polémique, le titre de Reine. Elle peut donc être considérée comme la Reine des Reines, titre qu’elle a gagné en se battant contre ses rivales dans différents combats, qui ont commencé pour Sch...

  2. Le bal du loup

    CERN Multimedia

    Happy Children's Home

    2013-01-01

    The Bord'eau amateur theatre group will graciously perform a play of their creation Le bal du loup Saturday 19 October 2013 at 20:00 Sunday 20 October at 17:00 in the Théâtre des Grottes Rue Louis Favre 43, 1201 Genève Children from age 12 upwards. Summary: The new-elected mayoress of a small village would like to clean up the town by prohibiting alcohol and getting rid of its prostitutes. Then along comes « Massimo Lupo » the pimp... The performances will be given to support the Happy Children's Home charity, which runs a foster-home in Pokhara for Nepali children:  http://www.happychildrenshome.org/ Admission : minimum charge of 10 CHF per person requested, to cover the cost of technical assistance and theatre rental. Any profit will be used solely for the foster-home. At the end of each performance members of the HCH charity will be happy to answer any questions you may have. The theatre has 86 seats, thank you for reserv...

  3. Un oiseau "sabote" le CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Colson, Sébastien

    2009-01-01

    Un oiseau, un simple oiseau, est parvenu à bloquer à lui tout seul l'accélérateur à particules à 3,7 milliards d'euros. UNe histoire quasiment bulresque qui a toutefois impacté le fonctionnement de la machine durant près de cinq jours, puisque c'est le système de refroidissement qui a été affecté. (1 page)

  4. Le CRDI dans les Philippines

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Le CRDI appuie la recherche dans les. Philippines depuis 1972. Le travail qu'y ont accompli des universités et des instituts de recherche vigoureux et la participation active de la société civile ont entraîné d'importantes améliorations dans les domaines de l'agriculture, du suivi de la pauvreté et de la gestion des forêts.

  5. Diffusion and Kirkendall effect in plutonium-zirconium system; Diffusion et effet Kirkendall dans le systeme plutonium-zirconium

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Remy, C [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Fontenay-aux-Roses (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1968-10-01

    Results are reported for the chemical diffusion in {epsilon}{beta} phase (bcc) over the range 10 - 70 atomic per cent plutonium. Concentration-penetration curves, obtained by using electron microprobe, have been analysed by Hall and Matano methods. Chemical diffusion coefficients, measured from 650 to 900 deg. C., increase with plutonium concentration and follow the Arrhenius law. Activation energies range from 18000 up to 44000 cal/mole for plutonium concentrations from 60 to 20 atomic per cent plutonium. Kirkendall effect has been observed by the shift of inert markers located originally at the Zr-PuZr interface. Analysis of intrinsic diffusion coefficients variation, flux of the two species and lattice velocity has been carried out by the incremental couples technique by using Darken and Heumann equations. It was found that D{sub Pu} > D{sub Zr}; the ratio D{sub Pu}/D{sub Zr} increases from 1 to 6 over the range 15 - 60 atomic per cent Pu. Activation energies for intrinsic diffusion coefficients vary between 25 and 50 Kcal/mole. (author) [French] Nous donnons des resultats sur la diffusion chimique en phase {epsilon}{beta} (cc) de 10 a 70 pour cent atomique en plutonium. Les courbes concentration-penetration, obtenues par microanalyse X ont ete depouillees par les methodes de HALL et de MATANO. Les coefficients de diffusion chimique mesures de 650 deg. C a 900 deg. C., augmentent avec la concentration en plutonium et suivent la loi d'ARRHENIUS. Les energies d'activation passent de 18000 a 44000 calories par mole pour des concentrations de 60 a 20 pour cent atomique en plutonium. L'existence d'un effet KIRKENDALL a ete mis en evidence par le deplacement de fils inertes places initialement dans le plan de soudure. L'analyse de la variation des coefficients de diffusion intrinseques, des flux des deux especes et de la vitesse du reseau a ete faite par la technique des couples incrementaux en utilisant les equations de DARKEN et de HEUMANN. On trouve D{sub Pu} > D

  6. Managing innovation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vanston, J.H.

    1988-01-01

    The author addresses the skepticism about high Tc applications. According to the analysis presented, superconductivity research is following a standard model for technological break throughs. This model, which describe the innovation process from theory through widespread adoption, is presented and superconductivity's place therein is discussed. Business opportunities in superconductivity are described and the competition between the U.S. and Japan in the development of the high T c applications is addressed

  7. Le modèle spatial de la capitale allemande

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antoine Laporte

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available En Allemagne, en 1999, le Chancelier fédéral et son gouvernement ont quitté Bonn pour Berlin. Ce transfert du pouvoir est accompagné de celui d’une grande partie de l’appareil d’État et de la haute administration, et des fonctions qui leur sont traditionnellement attribuées comme la presse, les lobbys ou encore la diplomatie. Le déplacement du statut de capitale effective de l’Allemagne de Bonn à Berlin est le résultat des évolutions géopolitiques d’un pays ayant recouvré son unité et sa pleine et entière souveraineté. Installer le pouvoir exécutif et législatif à Berlin était une démarche hautement symbolique, visant à normaliser la position de l’ancienne capitale de la RDA et du IIIe Reich comme véritable centre politique de l’Allemagne. Or le déplacement des institutions fédérales n’est pas qu’un acte symbolique. Il entraîne également à l’échelle intra-urbaine des dynamiques très concrètes sur le tissu urbain et participe à la mise en place de nouvelles centralités dans la ville. En effet, le statut de capitale d’État prédestine l’agglomération à la coprésence de nombreuses fonctions urbaines spécifiques plus ou moins directement liées à l’exercice ou à la symbolique du pouvoir.

  8. Le livre sur le livre traité de documentation

    CERN Document Server

    Otlet, Paul

    2015-01-01

    Paul Otlet est considéré comme le père des sciences de l'information. Ouvrage fondateur et fondamental, le Traité de documentation. Le livre sur le livre (1934) est l'aboutissement de son travail inlassable pour rassembler, classer et partager les connaissances. Otlet y propose une remarquable synthèse du savoir sur le livre et le document en même temps qu'il anticipe Internet et l'hypertexte. La réédition du Traité de documentation, 70 ans après la disparition de son auteur, coïncide avec la réouverture du Mundaneum à Mons, où le fabuleux héritage documentaire légué par Paul Otlet et Henri La Fontaine est conservé. « Ici, la table de travail n'est plus chargée d'aucun livre. À leur place se dresse un écran et à portée un téléphone. Là-bas, au loin, dans un édifice immense, sont tous les livres et tous les renseignements. De là, on fait apparaître sur l'écran la page à lire pour connaître la réponse aux questions posées par téléphone. » Préfaces de Benoît Peeters (éc...

  9. Innovations in urban agriculture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schans, van der J.W.; Renting, Henk; Veenhuizen, Van René

    2014-01-01

    This issuehighlights innovations in urban agriculture. Innovation and the various forms of innovations are of particular importance because urban agriculture is adapted to specific urban challenges and opportunities. Innovation is taking place continuously, exploring the multiple fundions of urban

  10. Innovation and Entrepreneurship | NREL

    Science.gov (United States)

    Innovation and Entrepreneurship Innovation and Entrepreneurship Connect Contact us for more Innovation and Entrepreneurship Center helps connect emerging clean energy businesses with the financial , and pilot opportunities. Read more Events Innovation and entrepreneurship events like the upcoming

  11. Innovation patterns in sustainable tourism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjalager, Anne Mette

    1997-01-01

    to the environment. The following types of innovation can be distinguished: product innovations, classical process innovations, process innovations in information handling, management innovations and institutional innovations. The article concludes that innovations are predominantly launched as part of defensive...

  12. Lele des chefs traditionnels au Ghana : un modèle inspirant ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    8 févr. 2011 ... Ray est également coordonnateur international du Traditional Authority ... Marketing social : le chef traditionnel acquiert une certaine expertise et ... Nadine Robitaille est rédactrice à la Division des communications du CRDI .

  13. The myths of innovation

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Berkun, Scott

    2007-01-01

    ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Chapter 2 We understand the history of innovation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Chapter 3 There is a method for innovation...

  14. : tous les projets | Page 207 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Sujet: ENTREPRENEURSHIP, SOCIAL ASPECTS, BUSINESS SERVICES, INNOVATIONS, Capacity building, BUSINESS CREATION ... L'épidémie de tabagisme qui touche le Panama met en évidence l'importance de se doter de mesures fiscales rigoureuses et d'autres mesures de lutte propres à fléchir la demande.

  15. : tous les projets | Page 29 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Plusieurs études ont montré que certaines formes de réseautage d'affaires collaboratif peuvent avoir une incidence positive sur l'innovation, les résultats financiers et le développement régional. Région: Chile, El Salvador, Paraguay, Uruguay. Programme: Think Tank Initiative. Financement total : CA$ 250,000.00.

  16. Sud du Sahara | Page 59 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Sud du Sahara. Sud du Sahara. Read more about Health Financing and Benefit Incidence Analysis in Uganda and Zambia. Langue English. Read more about Le Centre d'innovation pour la résilience de l'Afrique de l'Est. Langue French. Read more about Climate Change and Water Adaptation Options. Langue English.

  17. : tous les projets | Page 410 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Le Consejo Nicaragüense de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONICYT) a pour mandat de coordonner les différents acteurs du système d'innovation national du Nicaragua. Date de début : 21 novembre 2008. End Date: 21 novembre 2010. Sujet: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY, SCIENTIFIC COOPERATION, RESEARCH ...

  18. : tous les projets | Page 412 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Le Consejo Nicaragüense de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONICYT) a pour mandat de coordonner les différents acteurs du système d'innovation national du Nicaragua. Date de début : 21 novembre 2008. End Date: 21 novembre 2010. Sujet: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY, SCIENTIFIC COOPERATION, RESEARCH ...

  19. Sexospécificités | Page 239 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Read more about Taxation and Gender Equity : A Comparative Analysis of Direct and Indirect Taxes in Developing and Developed Countries. Langue French. Ce livre révèle les voies par lesquelles l'innovation en matière de gestion des ressources naturelles peut contribuer à la réduction de la pauvreté en milieu rural.

  20. Le nouveau modèle africain | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    22 juil. 2011 ... Or, ce serait rater le bateau que de ne pas s'engager dans la voie tout autre que les Africains proposent maintenant — à savoir se défaire du syndrome de la dépendance qui afflige l'Afrique depuis des décennies. Le Canada et les autres pays riches du Nord reconnaissent généralement qu'ils ne peuvent ...

  1. Lele des intervenants non gouvernementaux dans le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Ce projet servira à déterminer les facteurs stratégiques et réglementaires qui ont contribué ou nui aux efforts visant à permettre aux fournisseurs non gouvernementaux de participer au renforcement des systèmes de santé. Lele des fournisseurs de ... Climate Change and Water Adaptation Options. The impacts of climate ...

  2. Le dualisme Chipaya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    1974-01-01

    Full Text Available L’auteur, partant des observations de Métraux sur Chipaya, apporte des idées neuves sur les ayllu constituant le village, basées sur une enquête approfondie et un plan détaillé du village : deux divisions principales apparaissent, celles-ci se divisant a leur tour en quatre ayllu. La chute brutale de la démographie depuis la seconde moitié du XVIe siècle a fait disparaître les 4 ayllu originels mais l’examen des archives permet d’observer un très vigoureux redressement démographique à partir des derniers 150 ans. Ce redressement démographique semble précipiter un nouvel éclatement de la communauté chipaya. El autor partiendo de las observaciones de Métraux sobre Chipaya, aporta sobre los ayllu que constituían el pueblo, basadas en una encuesta profunda y un plano detallado del pueblo: aparecen dos divisiones principales, dividiéndose éstas a su vez en cuatro ayllu. La caída brutal de la demografía desde la segunda mitad del siglo XVI ha hecho desaparecer los 4 ayllu primitivos pero el examen de los archivos permite observar un resurgimiento vigoroso a partir de los últimos 150 años. Este resurgimiento demográfico parece precipitar una nueva explosión de la comunidad chipaya.

  3. Le pompage optique naturel dans le milieu astrophysique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pecker, J.-C.

    The title of this lecture abstracts only a part of it : the importance in astrophysics of the study of non-LTE situations has become considerable, as well in the stellar atmospheres as, still more, in the study of fortuitous coincidences as a mechanism of formation of emission line nebular spectra, or of molecular interstellar « masers ». Another part of this talk underlines the role of Kastler in his time, and describes his warm personality through his public reactions in front of the nuclear armement, of the Viet-Nam and Algerian wars, of the problems of political refugees... Kastler was a great scientist ; he was also a courageous humanist. 1976 : Les accords nucléaires du Brésil : allocution d'ouverture (19 mars). Colloque sur le sujet ci-dessus. 1976 : La promotion de la culture dans le nouvel ordre économique international, allocution à l'occasion d'une table ronde sur ce thème par l'UNESCO (23-27 juin 1976) ; « Sciences et Techniques », octobre 1976. 1979 : La bête immonde (avec J.-C. Pecker), « Le Matin », 20 mars. 1979 : Appel à nos ministres (avec J.-C. Pecker), « Le Monde », 13 décembre. 1979 : Le flou, le ténébreux, l'irrationnel (avec J.-C. Pecker), « Le Monde », 14 septembre. 1980 : Education à la paix, Préface, in : Publ. UNESCO. 1981 : Le vrai danger, « Le Monde », 6 août 1981. 1982 : Nucléaire civil et militaire, « Le Monde », 1er juin 1982. 1982 : Les scientifiques face à la perspective d'holocauste nucléaire (texte inédit). Le titre de cette communication en résume seulement une partie : l'importance prise en astrophysique par l'analyse des situations hors ETL est devenue considérable, qu'il s'agisse des atmosphères stellaires, ou plus encore, des coïncidences fortuites de la formation des spectres d'émission nébulaires, ou des « masers » moléculaires interstellaires. Une autre partie de cet exposé souligne lele de Kastler dans son époque, et décrit sa personnalité généreuse à travers ses r

  4. Workplace innovation, social innovation and social quality

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oeij, P.R.A.; Dhondt, S.; Korver, T.

    2011-01-01

    Social innovation is becoming a core value of the EU flagship initiative Innovation Union, but it is not clearly demarcated as it covers a wide field of topics. To understand social innovation within European policymaking a brief outline is given of EC policy developments on innovation and on

  5. Hyperloop : le droit et le devoir de douter...

    OpenAIRE

    Crozet , Yves

    2016-01-01

    National audience; C’est comme si c’était fait ! Les journaux les plus sérieux (Les Echos) nous annoncent que le premier test du prototype Hyperloop dans le désert du Nevada est un succès. Le projet futuriste d’Elon Musk se concrétise. Un véhicule terrestre de transport collectif va bientôt se déplacer à plus de 1000 km/h entre San Francisco et Los Angeles. Comme pour donner du crédit à cette information, la SNCF, via sa filiale SYSTRA va devenir partenaire du projet. Déjà les journaux de Pro...

  6. Open innovations, innovation communities and firm's innovative activities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Getejanc Vesna

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The open innovation paradigm emphasizes the fact that firms can improve their performance by opening their business models and reduce their R&D costs by effective incorporation of external knowledge. In other words, companies are able to capture value through knowledge that exists outside the boundaries of their organization. The shift from closed to open model of innovation has imposed the necessity to adopt more open approach to innovation within traditional academic view of business strategy. The adoption of this innovative approach is emphasized even more, by the necessity for stronger connection and cooperation among the participants of the innovation process. Free will and collaboration are the main characteristics of open source software, which is recognized in literature as the role model of open innovation and is a rapidly growing method of technology development. Furthermore, innovative communities represent a great opportunity for improvement of the companies' innovation activities, since they have become an important source for identifying the needs and problems of the users. Their development has been fostered by information technologies and recent social changes in user behavior. Recognizing and better understanding the motivation of the members of the innovation communities that guide them to participate in the process of idea generation, can have significant influence on their incorporation within the innovation process. Equally important is to define the incentives that are suited for stimulating and fostering innovative user activities. Taking this topic in consideration, the purpose of this article is to address the following questions: In what way does the collaboration in open source software projects have positive effect on companies' innovation performance? What are the innovation communities and how can companies establish successful interaction with them? Why does the interaction with innovation communities lead to

  7. Le français du tourisme dans le contexte universitaire chinois : analyse comparative des besoins

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LI Lu

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Cette recherche vise à dévoiler la situation de l’enseignement du français du tourisme dans le contexte universitaire chinois. A travers une analyse des besoins, nous tâchons de vérifier si la formation actuelle correspond aux besoins des apprenants ainsi qu’à la demande du marché du travail. Des enquêtes ont été menées auprès d’étudiants, d’enseignants et de professionnels. Les résultats montrent que les publics se diversifient avec des besoins variés et que la rupture de l’ensei gnement avec le secteur professionnel est évidente. Trois propositions sont ainsi formulées en vue de fournir des conseils à l’amélioration et à l’innovation de la formation du français du tourisme dans les universités chinoises.

  8. Los Dioramas de Le Corbusier = Le Corbusier's Dioramas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Ramón Alonso Pereira

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available ResumenLe Corbusier simboliza el urbanismo moderno racional, cuyo esfuerzo riguroso de planificación exige un esfuerzo paralelo de comprensión. Se opone a ese urbanismo contemporáneo que quiere percibir y disfrutar la ciudad sensiblemente. Sentimiento y razón, sin embargo, no son opuestos y Le Corbusier nos dio en su momento las claves para intentar una síntesis, uniéndolos de modo singular por medio de sus ‘boîte à miracles’ o ‘cajas mágicas’: esos "espectáculos arquitectónicos de síntesis" que definiría en el Ciam de 1951. Pretendemos aproximarnos aquí a la primera de esos ‘espectáculos’: el ‘diorama’, viéndolo como estrategia corbuseriana de mediación entre lo racional y lo sensible en la ciudad moderna y contemporánea.Palabras claveLe Corbusier, diorama, Ville Contemporaine, Plan Voisin, Plan MaciáAbstractLe Corbusier symbolizes the modern rational urbanism, whose rigorous effort of town planning demands a parallel effort of comprehension. It opposes to these contemporary urbanism that wish to perceive and to enjoy cities in a sensible way. Nevertheless, sentiment and reason are not adverses and Le Corbusier gives us at his  moment keys to intent a synthesis, joined them in a singular way by means of his ‘boîtes à miracles’ or ‘magic boxes’: those "architectural spectacles of synthesis" that he defined in 1951 Ciam. Here we try to approach to the first of those ‘spectacles’: the ‘diorama’, considering it as a corbusean strategy of mediation between rational and sensible in modern and contemporary city.Key wordsLe Corbusier, diorama, Ville Contemporaine, Plan Voisin, Plan Maciá.

  9. Innovative instrumentation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1983-01-01

    At this year's particle physics conference at Brighton, a parallel session was given over to instrumentation and detector development. While this work is vital to the health of research and its continued progress, its share of prime international conference time is limited. Instrumentation can be innovative three times — first when a new idea is outlined, secondly when it is shown to be feasible, and finally when it becomes productive in a real experiment, amassing useful data rather than operational experience. Hyams' examples showed that it can take a long time for a new idea to filter through these successive stages, if it ever makes it at all

  10. Innovative instrumentation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    1983-11-15

    At this year's particle physics conference at Brighton, a parallel session was given over to instrumentation and detector development. While this work is vital to the health of research and its continued progress, its share of prime international conference time is limited. Instrumentation can be innovative three times — first when a new idea is outlined, secondly when it is shown to be feasible, and finally when it becomes productive in a real experiment, amassing useful data rather than operational experience. Hyams' examples showed that it can take a long time for a new idea to filter through these successive stages, if it ever makes it at all.

  11. Le LHC, un tunnel cosmique

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN. Geneva

    2009-01-01

    Et si la lumière au bout du tunnel du LHC était cosmique ? En d’autres termes, qu’est-ce que le LHC peut nous apporter dans la connaissance de l’Univers ? Car la montée en énergie des accélérateurs de particules nous permet de mieux appréhender l’univers primordial, chaud et dense. Mais dans quel sens dit-on que le LHC reproduit des conditions proches du Big bang ? Quelles informations nous apporte-t-il sur le contenu de l’Univers ? La matière noire est-elle détectable au LHC ? L’énergie noire ? Pourquoi l’antimatière accumulée au CERN est-elle si rare dans l’Univers ? Et si le CERN a bâti sa réputation sur l’exploration des forces faibles et fortes qui opèrent au sein des atomes et de leurs noyaux, est-ce que le LHC peut nous apporter des informations sur la force gravitationnelle qui gouverne l’évolution cosmique ? Depuis une trentaine d’années, notre compréhension de l’univers dans ses plus grandes dimensions et l’appréhension de son comportement aux plus peti...

  12. Universities and Councils Network on Innovation for Inclusive ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    The recently completed IDRC-supported project, 104904 Science and Technology Innovation for the Base of the Pyramid (Southeast Asia), supported research on ... Des chercheurs appuyés par le CRDI parlent de leurs expériences au Comité sur les ONG lors du forum de la Commission de la condition de la femme.

  13. Le paludisme, le tsunami silencieux d'Afrique | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    12 janv. 2011 ... Dans un élan de compassion fort justifié, le monde s'est porté au secours des victimes du tsunami qui a touché récemment la région de l'océan Indien. Mais il ignore qu'un « tsunami silencieux », le paludisme, s'abat sans cesse sur l'Afrique et y fait chaque année plus de 1,5 million de victimes, surtout de ...

  14. Access rules for imports and exports on the French public power transmission network; Regles d'acces au reseau public de transport francais pour des importations et des exportations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-10-01

    These rules define the technical, financial and legal conditions applied to imports and/or exports made by the user on the French public power transmission grid (Reseau Public de Transport - RPT), considering the available capacity on interconnections and any particular technical constraints of the European interconnected network, notably in terms of safety: 1 - definitions; 2 - general conditions (scope, participation conditions, user obligations, signature, enforcement and duration of the participation agreement, attachment of transactions to a balance responsible entity, rules modification procedure, access to the information system, financial conditions, guarantee of exchange programmes, transfer of rights and obligations, intellectual property, confidentiality, force majeure, responsibility, termination, notifications and operational exchange procedures, territorial application of the rules, applicable law and language, dispute resolution); 3 - conditions for the application of imports and exports (allocating transmission capacity on interconnections, allocating import capacity, changing a capacity allocation mechanism, the different categories of exchange programmes, standard programmes, weekly programmes, daily programmes, nominations in the event of a failure in the information system, information published by RTE); 4 - conditions for the application of intra-day transactions (intra-day transaction requests, processing intra-day transaction requests, modification of an intra-day transactions programme). 16 models of correspondence documents are given in appendixes.

  15. Le CERN et les Institutions

    CERN Document Server

    Barbalat, Oscar

    1996-01-01

    Une première partie de l'exposéŽ sera consacrée àˆ une brève description des principaux organes de l'Union EuropéŽennne: Conseil, Parlement et Commission ainsi que la structure de la Commission. On passera ensuite en revue le Programme-Cadre de Recherche et DéŽveloppement Technologique et les principaux programmes spéŽcifiques auxquels participe le CERN (ESPRIT, ACTS, TMR) On situera ensuite les autres organisations et initiatives scientifiques européŽennes (ESA, ESO, ESRF, JET, ISTC, EUREKA, ...) pour terminer par une brève revue des relations entre le CERN avec ces difféŽrentes institutions en déŽveloppant plus particulièrement celles avec la Commission.

  16. La preuve par le nombre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hélène Verdier

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available S’il en était besoin, la question des usages et de la finalité des résultats de l’inventaire général pourrait être abordée par le nombre : nombre d’œuvres répertoriées, de communes inventoriées, de clichés photographiques réalisés, de dossiers, de consultations des notices dans les bases de données… Les additions aujourd’hui sont éloquentes, mais elles laissent dans l’ombre lele de l’inventaire qui, en mettant en œuvre une démarche systématique de connaissance, participe à l’ identificatio...

  17. Le Corbusier’s Dioramas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Ramón Alonso Pereira

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available AbstractLe Corbusier symbolizes the modern rational urbanism, whose rigorous effort of town planning demands a parallel effort of comprehension. It opposes to these contemporary urbanism that wish to perceive and to enjoy cities in a sensible way. Nevertheless, sentiment and reason are not adverses and Le Corbusier gives us at his  moment keys to intent a synthesis, joined them in a singular way by means of his ‘boîtes à miracles’ or ‘magic boxes’: those "architectural spectacles of synthesis" that he defined in 1951 Ciam. Here we try to approach to the first of those ‘spectacles’: the ‘diorama’, considering it as a corbusean strategy of mediation between rational and sensible in modern and contemporary city.Key wordsLe Corbusier, diorama, Ville Contemporaine, Plan Voisin, Plan Maciá

  18. Le bord de la solitude

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Paul Galibert

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available La solitude a un bord, et non un seuil, parce que sinon, ce ne serait pas la solitude. Car le seuil a ceci de merveilleux qu’il sépare un dedans et un dehors, en sorte qu’il reste franchissable, et que l’on peut toujours sortir, et rentrer à sa guise. De ce fait, où que soient les autres, le seuil garantit donc que je pourrais les rejoindre, et me délasser, en changeant de lieu, des inconvénients croisés de l’intérieur et de l’extérieur. Dans le seuil, la métaphore implicite de la maison nous...

  19. Approaching Service Innovation Patterns

    OpenAIRE

    Andrea NAGY

    2013-01-01

    The present paper aims at analyzing the types of innovation in the field of services. First, the concept of innovation is defined and second, field literature is reviewed from the perspective of service innovation. The main types of innovation are identified based on several attempts at defining innovation, the most notable being Schumpeter’s. Thus, it is possible to approach concepts such as product and process innovation, incremental and radical innovation. Another aim has been to regard se...

  20. Le front oriental de Lille

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Étienne Poncelet

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available De la porte d’eau de la Basse Deûle jusqu’au fort Saint-Sauveur, le front oriental de Lille, fortifié à l’époque espagnole, glisse ses courtines dans les entrelacs du périphérique et des gares. L’enjeu urbain actuel consiste à s’appuyer sur ces murs historiques pour « passer malgré tout » à travers cet écheveau urbain et retisser les fils de la continuité des promenades au cœur de la ville. Moins connus que le front occidental de la reine des citadelles, ces anciens espaces militaires sont une chance pour l’urbanisme de demain dont les opérations en cours de la Porte de Gand et de la Basse Deûle témoignent déjà.The east wall, at Lille, fortified during the period of Spanish occupation, extends from the Porte d'Eau de la Basse-Deûle to the Saint-Sauveur fort. Its curtain walls emerge today in a landscape of ring roads and railway territories. The issue today is to profit from these historic walls in order to make some sense of the urban chaos and to reinstate some urban continuity in the city-centre walkways. Although they are not as well known as the western wall of this major fortified city, these former military properties are an exciting opportunity for tomorrow's town-planners, as the operations already underway at the Porte de Gand et de la Basse Deûle suggest.

  1. Le chrome en milieu marin

    OpenAIRE

    Chiffoleau, Jean-francois

    1994-01-01

    Le présent document constitue une synthèse des connaissances sur le cycle biogéochimique du chrome. Les sources naturelles et anthropiques sont étudiées, les échanges entre les différents compartiments géochimiques sont évalués, avec une attention particulière portée à la quantification des apports aussi bien des fleuves que de l'atmosphère au milieu marin. Les niveaux de concentration dans ces compartiments sont évalués, et montrent que l'on rencontre dans certaines régions des contamination...

  2. Agir sur le gaspillage alimentaire

    OpenAIRE

    Jan, Sophie; Baron, Florence

    2016-01-01

    On estime aujourd'hui à 25% les pertes d'aliments post-récolte et en aval, en raison de leur altération par des microorganismes. L'étude menée ici illustre le risque d'altération engendré par une rupture dans la chaîne du froid, en prenant comme modèle un aliment liquide pasteurisé et réfrigéré, riche en nutriments et dont la température ne doit pas dépasser 4°C.

  3. Innovative Pedagogy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    and educational changes might challenge or facilitate learning for students and educators. Besides its relevance within the education sector, the content presented here can be applied in non-formal learning environments, such as museums, cultural institutions, as well as other educational settings where emotions......The main purpose of this book is to take a closer look at how students and teachers in educational institutions apply the innovative, the playful and the emotional and creative dimensions of learning. With this contribution, the authors aim at reaching an international audience of educators......-cultural perspective that looks at interactions among individuals; the creation and recreation of the self and others; and the study of collaboration, change processes and aesthetic and creative learning. This anthology offers original empirical documentation and theoretical reflections on how pedagogical...

  4. Innovators Intent

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Granados, Maria Luisa; Rai, Sudhanshu

    With this paper we want to explore further the innovators intent, where social enterprises use imaginative ways to take advantage of information technology to create, share and manage the knowledge pool of their small enterprise. We draw on several perspectives on how information processing needs...... are addressed, as well as the manner in which IT enables and facilitates sense-making. Studies exploring the role of IT in organisations abound, however our focus is not large organisations but small social enterprises (SEs) and how they use IT to further their business objectives. Hence there is still a lack......, and less the collaborative work and communication among enterprise members. However, it was established that SEs were using different technologies, such as, cloud solutions and web 2.0 tools to manage informally their knowledge. The possible impediments for SEs to support themselves more on IT solutions...

  5. Funding innovation

    CERN Multimedia

    Marina Giampietro

    2012-01-01

    For the first time, six knowledge and technology transfer activities are set to benefit from a dedicated fund made available by the Knowledge Transfer group. This initiative cements CERN’s commitment to sharing its technological knowledge and expertise with society.   GEM detectors for flame detection and early earthquake prediction, radio-frequency absorbers for energy recovery, and exotic radioisotopes for medical applications are among the projects funded by the recently introduced KT Fund. “CERN’s scientific programme generates a considerable amount of intellectual property, a natural driver for innovation,” explains Giovanni Anelli, Head of the Knowledge Transfer Group. “Very often, though, financial support is needed to bring the newly-born technologies a step further and make them ready for transfer to other research institutes or to companies.” This is where the KT fund comes into play. It provides vital support in the early sta...

  6. Designing collaborative policy innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Agger, Annika; Sørensen, Eva

    2014-01-01

    Recent approaches to enhancing public innovation suffer from two shortcomings: They overemphasize competition as a driver of innovation and overlook the fact that public sector innovation involves policy innovation as well as service innovation. Drawing on governance research and innovation theory......, the chapter investigates the extent to which and how collaboration between politicians and relevant stakeholders can spur the formulation, implementation and diffusion of new innovative policies. A case study of a process of collaborative policy innovation in a Danish municipality shows that collaborative...... policy arenas do contribute to policy innovation but also that the degree to which they do so depends on the institutional design of these arenas....

  7. Innovation agenda

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    2008-01-01

    Retooling the global economy for a low-carbon and environmentally responsible future must begin immediately - and a major new United States initiative in this area is vital. The recent downturn in the economy makes this change all the more necessary: energy efficiency and renewable energy can be an engine of dramatic new economic growth and job creation. It will be up to the incoming president to marshal public and industry sentiment behind such a reinvestment in our future. We are at last seeing a global explosion of financial and political interest in energy, focused largely - but, ominously, not exclusively - on clean energy, since, in addition, to solar, wind and other low-carbon sources, investments in some of the most CO 2 -intensive sources are also on the rise. Innovation is the life-blood of economic growth and renewal. It has been known for decades that the bulk of new growth results from the invention, and re-invention, of new scientific and technological opportunities. Over 50 years ago Economics Nobel Laureate Robert Solow concluded that over 90 per cent of new economic growth results from public and private sector investments in innovation. Yet energy is very short of investment in research and development (R and D) despite arguably now posing our top environmental and geopolitical security threat. Total investment on R and D in the U.S. as a whole stands at roughly three per cent of the U.S. gross domestic product, but, for energy, it is proportionally only about one-tenth of that level. By contrast, research and development investments in the medical and biotechnology field are roughly 15 per cent of sales - almost a staggering 40 times more than for energy. This argues that, at minimum, energy R and D should be increased to the three per cent national average

  8. Le chalutage à vapeur à Lorient (1880-1939

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pascal Boisson

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available En France, à la différence de l’Angleterre et de l’Allemagne, l’industrie du chalutage à vapeur reste longtemps stationnaire. A Lorient, l’arrivée du chalutage à vapeur date de la fin du XIXe siècle. Comment analyser son développement, principale innovation halieutique, sinon comme un levier du développement portuaire et charbonnier? En effet, le chalutage nécessite des aménagements portuaires, la mise en place de liaisons ferroviaires de trains de marée, qui contribuent ainsi à créer un arrière-pays et à développer les importations de charbon. Grâce au chalutage, Lorient, comme La Rochelle et Saint-Malo, connaît un renouveau économique. Au lendemain de la Première Guerre mondiale, la France a un besoin urgent de trois ou quatre ports de pêche spécialisés. Lorient, présentant de nombreux atouts, bénéficie des mannes de l’Etat pour la construction d’un gigantesque complexe portuaire opérationnel en 1927: le port de pêche de Kéroman, incontestable réussite économique. Dès 1929, la flotte des chalutiers à vapeur est progressivement remplacée par des navires motorisés. A la veille de la Seconde Guerre mondiale, 68% des chalutiers fonctionnent au moteur Diesel. Fait remarquable, le modèle lorientais offre l’exemple original d’un développement d’une industrie du chalutage à vapeur, précisément parce que les gens de mer n’y ont joué aucun rôle primordial; ce sont les industriels du charbon, notamment Emile Marcesche, et les compagnies de chemin de fer qui assurent le développement et la montée en puissance de cette nouvelle industrie pour le port de Lorient.

  9. Le réseau d'échanges des savoirs de belleville e ménilmontant: uma discussão sobre associativismo e reciprocidade no mundo contemporâneo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Graziela Gomes

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo tem como objetivo tecer algumas reflexões sobre os modos de apropriação locais de uma forma associativa francesa específica - le réseau d' échanges des savoirs - de Belleville e Ménilmontant, dois quartiers populares, sediados no leste parisiense. A partir de minha experiência como participante do reseau, observações e conversas com os demais participantes, conclui que, basicamente, tratam-se de dois modos: o primeiro, relativo à produção de localidade, da condição de pertença dos moradores do quartier; o segundo, relativo à produção de capital social, traduzido em confiança e, por sua vez, formas de cooperação. O importante a ser ressaltado é que esses dois modos de apropriação não são exclusivos, ambos convivem, fundem- se e se interpenetram.

  10. Rapport sur le développement dans le monde sur le thème du rôle ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ... rural et sont tributaires principalement de l'agriculture pour assurer leur subsistance. Ce projet permettra de veiller à ce qu'une place soit accordée aux travaux de recherche financés par le CRDI, aux points de vue différents et aux auteurs de l'hémisphère Sud dans le Rapport sur le développement dans le monde 2008.

  11. Le CRDI en Indonésie

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    l'État dans l'île de Java. Soutenu par le CRDI, l'institut Lembaga Alam Tropika Indonesia. (ou LATIN) a conçu un modèle de cogestion des forêts qui met à contribution les collec- tivités et le gouvernement dans trois dis- tricts. Ainsi, les agriculteurs disposent d'un meilleur accès aux ressources de la forêt. Évaluation des ...

  12. Interactions between impurities and defects created by irradiation in iron; Interactions entre les impuretes et les defauts crees par irradiation dans le fer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vigier, P [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Grenoble (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1968-07-01

    'expose et aux discussions de nouveaux resultats experimentaux. Grace a l'addition d'impurete dans le fer, des experiences de trainage magnetique, energie stockee, resistivite et dilatometrie ont permis d'etablir que le stade I se rattache au modele propose par Granato et Nilan (90): seul le dernier sous-stade I{sub E} provient de la disparition des interstitiels dans les lacunes apres leur libre migration dans le reseau. Divers modeles sont discutes pour le stade II; s'il est probable que les diinterstitiels sont observables apres une irradiation aux electrons, aucune bande de trainage ne semble leur correspondre apres une irradiation aux neutrons. Des phenomenes particuliers apparaissent dans le fer irradie lorsqu'il contient des impuretes telles que nickel ou silicium (apparition de nouvelles bandes de trainage, leur transformation les unes dans les autres); ils refletent la complication successive du defaut elementaire interstitiel de fer-atome d'impurete. Enfin, dans une derniere section, l'auteur decrit quelques experiences effectuees sur des alliages fer-carbone irradies ou non ; elles montrent que le carbone apres avoir precipite a une temperature inferieure a 300 deg. C, se remet en solution lorsque l'alliage est chauffe au-dela de 330 deg. C. (auteur)

  13. Rapport financier trimestriel pour le trimestre qui a pris fin le 31

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Office 2004 Test Drive User

    31 déc. 2015 ... Le CRDI finance des travaux de recherche appliquée ... recherches pour le développement international (CRDI, le Centre) et ..... voie de développement et sur la mise en oeuvre des connaissances scientifiques, techniques et autres en .... Les accords expirent à des dates différentes, et le dernier prend fin.

  14. pour le trimestre qui a pris fin le 30 juin 2015

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Office 2004 Test Drive User

    30 juin 2015 ... Le CRDI finance des travaux de recherche appliquée ... recherches pour le développement international (le Centre) et de ..... voie de développement et sur la mise en oeuvre des connaissances scientifiques, techniques et autres en .... Les accords expirent à des dates différentes, et le dernier prend fin en.

  15. pour le trimestre qui a pris fin le 31 décembre 2014

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Office 2004 Test Drive User

    31 déc. 2014 ... Le CRDI finance des travaux de recherche appliquée ... recherches pour le développement international (le Centre) et de ...... voie de développement et sur la mise en oeuvre des connaissances scientifiques, techniques et autres en vue .... Les accords expirent à des dates différentes, et le dernier prend fin.

  16. Rapport financier trimestriel pour le trimestre qui a pris fin le 30

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Office 2004 Test Drive User

    30 sept. 2015 ... Le CRDI finance des travaux de recherche appliquée ... recherches pour le développement international (le Centre) et de ..... voie de développement et sur la mise en oeuvre des connaissances scientifiques, techniques et autres en .... Les accords expirent à des dates différentes, et le dernier prend fin en.

  17. Lutter contre le paludisme sans DDT

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Nancy Minogue

    La participation de la collectivité aux stratégies de contrôle, une surveillance ... Le contrôle de la maladie passe par une meilleure gestion de l'environnement. En vertu de ... de la santé humaine, ou écosanté, est un processus dynamique qui.

  18. Le CERN ouvre ses entrailles au public

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    "Le CERN se lance dans une grande opération de relations publiques pour son cinquantième anniversaire. Le centre de recherche organisera une journée portes ouvertes le 16 octobre. Quelque 50 sites pourrant être visités" (1/2 page)

  19. Le rêve communautaire de Marie-Claire Blais. Eschatologie et agapé dans le cycle de 'Soifs'

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petr Kyloušek

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Marie-Claire Blais seeks to innovate, throughout her career, her 'antimimétique' writing. Her extensive pentalogy - Soifs (1995, Dans la foudre et la lumière (2001, Augustino et le choeur de la destruction (2005, Naissance de Rebecca à l’ère des tourments (2008, Mai au bal des prédateurs (2010 – offers a complex existential questioning of the actual situation of the man. The problem of Evil and Good, which is in the heart of questions and answers, is treated with an original narration, transforming Virginia Woolf’s stream of consciousness. This innovation, however, is rooted in the tradition, namely its baroque poetics and its community orientation, both attached to the affirmation / negation of the catholic heritage that marked Quebec.

  20. Organizing Systemic Innovation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    F.P.H. Jaspers (Ferdinand)

    2009-01-01

    textabstractSystemic innovation refers to product development activities that involve the change of multiple interdependent components. Unlike autonomous innovation, which refers to components that change independently, systemic innovation is for many firms the norm rather than the exception. This

  1. Innovation in Your Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    EPA has many innovation programs that can help the public bring innovative solutions to their local areas by reducing waste, engaging students to contribute innovative ideas, and helping businesses implement sustainable practices.

  2. Creativity and group innovation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nijstad, B.A.; de Dreu, C.K.W.

    2002-01-01

    Comments on M. West's article regarding the validity of an integrative model of creativity and innovation implementation in work groups. Variables affecting the level of team innovation; Relationship between predictors and team innovation; Promotion of constructive conflict.

  3. LE CORBUSIER: CONCURSOS Y PALACIOS / Le Corbusier: competitions and palaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Zaparaín Hernández

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN Cuando Le Corbusier ya había pasado de los cuarenta años se enfrentó a dos concursos internacionales: el Palacio de las Naciones en Ginebra (1926–31 y el Palacio de los Soviets en Moscú (1931–32 con los que intentaba acceder a grandes encargos de estado con mayor escala urbana en los que poner a prueba su ideario moderno sobre arquitectura y urbanismo. En ambos casos estuvo entre los vencedores pero por conveniencia e indecisión, los poderes políticos optaron por soluciones academicistas. Al conocer las decisiones definitivas, Le Corbusier y todos sus contactos del Movimiento Moderno orquestaron diversas polémicas ante los medios de comunicación y los gobernantes por entender que el progreso se veía lastrado por el triunfo de propuestas reaccionarias. Mediante el estudio de la correspondencia con personas particulares como Moser, Giedion, Colly o Stonorov, conservada en la Fundación Le Corbusier, se analizan las relaciones y el tono ideológico en torno a aquellas protestas. En esos textos quedan reflejados los principales rasgos que caracterizan la modernidad como su internacionalización, la seguridad en la propia misión, la defensa de lo nuevo o el método dialéctico. SUMMARY When Le Corbusier had already passed the age of forty he confronted two international competitions: the Palais des Nations in Geneva (1926–1931 and the Palace of the Soviets in Moscow (1931–32, with which he attempted to access large state commissions, with greater urban scale, in which to test his ideas about modern architecture and urbanism. In both cases he was among the winners, but through convenience and indecision the political powers opted for solutions from academicians. Upon knowing the final decisions, Le Corbusier and all his contacts in the Modern Movement orchestrated several controversies with the media, and the people in power, to convey that progress seemed burdened by the triumph of reactionary proposals. The relationships

  4. Des idées novatrices et vivifiantes : le Canada prend les devants en ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    25 janv. 2011 ... Des chercheurs de l'Université du Québec à Montréal ont été parmi les premiers à innover dans ce domaine en réalisant des études qui ont fait date sur la contamination par le mercure au Brésil, ainsi que dans des collectivités des Premières nations dans le nord du Canada et dans les milieux humides du ...

  5. Le contrôle de gestion des entreprises familiales : un contrôle non-financiarisé ?

    OpenAIRE

    Barbelivien , Dominique

    2016-01-01

    Nous examinons la tendance décrite dans la littérature quant à la financiarisation de la fonction de contrôle de gestion en nous appuyant sur le cas d’une entreprise de taille intermédiaire familiale. Nous constatons que le contrôle de gestion dans le cas étudié correspond à une rationalisation des décisions opérationnelles et développons les raisons qui peuvent expliquer la persistance d’un contrôle de gestion très opérationnel. Le contexte d’entreprise familiale dans laquelle il y a confusi...

  6. Workplace innovation and social innovation : an introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jürgen Howaldt; Dr. Ben Fruytier; Peter R.A. Oeij; Steven Dhondt

    2016-01-01

    This is the introduction to the special issue of World Review of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development (WREMSD) dedicated to workplace innovation and social innovation related to work and organisation. As technological and business model innovations alone are not sufficient to

  7. Workplace innovation and social innovation: an introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Howaldt, J.; Oeij, P.R.A.; Dhondt, S.; Fruytier, B.

    2016-01-01

    This is the introduction to this special issue of World Review of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development (WREMSD) dedicated to workplace innovation and social innovation related to work and organisation. As technological and business model innovations alone are not sufficient to

  8. Speeding Up Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Flemming; Mattsson, Jan

    2016-01-01

    Minimisation of time-to-market strategies can provide companies with a competitive advantage in dynamic and competitive environments. Using parallel innovation processes has been emphasised as one strategy to speed up innovation processes and consequently minimise the time-to-market of innovations....... Much innovation today takes place in open structures in which networks play an important role. However, little is known about how innovation networks can facilitate parallel innovation processes. This paper discusses how innovation network structures develop and support exploration and exploitation...... of the network facilitate the parallel innovation process but also how such processes place new requirements on such networks and their management....

  9. Le droit, l'économie et le fondamental

    OpenAIRE

    Gérard Farjat

    2005-01-01

    MAITRE Grégory, préf. MUIR WATT Horatia, La Responsabilité civile à l’épreuve de l’analyse économique du droit, Paris, L.G.D.J., coll. Droit &Économie, 2005,315 p. LE TOURNEAU Philippe, L’Éthique des affaires et du management au XXIe siècle, Paris, Dalloz, Paris, Dunod, 2000,269 p. DELMAS-MARTY Mireille, Le Relatif et l’universel : les forces imaginantes du droit, Paris, Seuil, coll. La Couleur des idées, 2004,440 p. FRISON-ROCHE Marie-Anne, BONFILS Sébastien, Les Grandes Questions du droit é...

  10. 48. Le pavillon Liliane de Stewart

    OpenAIRE

    Cameron, Christina; Déom, Claudine; Valois, Nicole

    2018-01-01

    Le pavillon Liliane de Stewart Le pavillon Liliane de Stewart est situé à l’arrière du pavillon Marguerite-d’Youville, qui lui est mitoyen. Il en constitue en quelque sorte un agrandissement, mais il s’en différencie par son plus petit volume (trois étages). Les deux pavillons partagent quelques caractéristiques architecturales, dont le plan angulaire et le revêtement de brique chamois. Le pavillon Liliane de Stewart se distingue cependant par sa fenestration, surtout celle de la façade avant...

  11. Le cosmos et le lotus confessions d'un astrophysicien

    CERN Document Server

    Trinh, Xuan Thuan

    2011-01-01

    Que nous dit vraiment la science sur la nature de l'univers, sur son origine et son avenir ? Par quel mystère le langage mathématique, pure création de l'esprit humain, se révèle-t-il aussi performant pour nous décrire les phénomènes physiques, de l'infiniment petit à l'infiniment grand ? S'il existe un ordre du monde, ce que nous en disent la physique quantique et la théorie de la relativité est-il compatible avec ce qu'enseigne le bouddhisme ? Et que peut-on en conclure concernant notre propre vie ? A ces questions passionnantes et à beaucoup d'autres, le célèbre astrophysicien Trinh Xuan Thuan répond ici d'une façon personnelle, en s'appuyant sur son expérience. Son itinéraire l'a placé d'emblée à la confluence de trois cultures : issu d'une famille de lettrés vietnamiens imprégnée de traditions bouddhiste et confucéenne, il a reçu une éducation à la française puis une formation scientifique à l'américaine. Une telle richesse de points de vue lui permet d'apporter, non pas de...

  12. Bulletin #109 | CRDI - Le Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ... offres d'emploi. Appel à propositions de recherche sur les villes résilientes en Amérique latine. Date butoir : 13 juin 2016. Programme de recherche sur le virus Zika Canada-Amérique latine et Caraïbes Date butoir : 12 juillet 2016. POSSIBILITÉS D'EMPLOIS Agent de ressources humaines · Analyste des opérations de TI.

  13. Vaincre le vampire violet | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    26 janv. 2011 ... ... de s'assurer que l'arme fongique découverte par Alan Watson ne se transforme en mercenaire et cause la destruction d'autres espèces végétales, Fusarium oxysporum a été soumis pendant deux ans à une batterie de tests dans les laboratoires hautement sécurisés de McGill, sur le campus Macdonald.

  14. Le futur du travail | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    12 juin 2017 ... Trois hommes qui travaillent sur le projet de livraison de drone au Rwanda. Sarah Farhat / Banque mondiale. La numérisation, l'automatisation et les communications en réseau façonnent de plus en plus les sociétés, les marchés du travail et les occasions d'emploi à l'échelle mondiale. Les changements ...

  15. Le colonel Rol-Tanguy

    OpenAIRE

    Bourderon, Roger

    2009-01-01

    Ouvrier métallurgiste, syndicaliste et communiste, le futur colonel Rol-Tanguy, né en 1908, se passionne pour le métier des armes lors de son service militaire. Son expérience dans les Brigades internationales est décisive. Il l’enrichit dans les FTP puis comme chef régional FFI : il prépare et conduit l’insurrection parisienne avec un état-major comportant de nombreux cadres de l’armée. Compagnon de la Libération, il se distingue dans la campagne d’Allemagne et est intégré dans l’armée avec ...

  16. Le glaive de la parole

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luce Marchal-Albert

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Chacun sait, selon le mot de Pierre Viret, « en quelle confusion est la Chrestienté » au xvie siècle en Europe. C’est le deuxième quart du siècle qui nous intéressera ici, et en particulier l’année 1545, qui constitue une année charnière qui voit vaciller l’Église romaine, flamber et culminer la chasse aux hérétiques en même temps qu’elle voit la jeune Église réformée se renforcer et se positionner avec succès dans un champ religieux plus que chaotique. Les ouvrages polémiques réformés écrits...

  17. Le CRDI au Costa Rica

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    région ont-elles besoin du commerce, mais elles doivent en outre acquérir de nouvelles compétences afin de pouvoir prospérer dans l'économie du savoir. La capacité d'utiliser les technologies de l'information, entre autres, est désormais une nécessité. Le CRDI subventionne la Fundación. Omar Dengo afin qu'elle puisse ...

  18. Georges et le big bang

    CERN Document Server

    Hawking, Lucy; Parsons, Gary

    2011-01-01

    Georges et Annie, sa meilleure amie, sont sur le point d'assister à l'une des plus importantes expériences scientifiques de tous les temps : explorer les premiers instants de l'Univers, le Big Bang ! Grâce à Cosmos, leur super ordinateur, et au Grand Collisionneur de hadrons créé par Éric, le père d'Annie, ils vont enfin pouvoir répondre à cette question essentielle : pourquoi existons nous ? Mais Georges et Annie découvrent qu'un complot diabolique se trame. Pire, c'est toute la recherche scientifique qui est en péril ! Entraîné dans d'incroyables aventures, Georges ira jusqu'aux confins de la galaxie pour sauver ses amis...Une plongée passionnante au coeur du Big Bang. Les toutes dernières théories de Stephen Hawking et des plus grands scientifiques actuels.

  19. User Innovation Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kanstrup, Anne Marie; Bertelsen, Pernille

    User Innovation Management (UIM) is a method for fo-opereation with users in innovation projects. The UIM method emphasizes the practice of a participatorty attitude.......User Innovation Management (UIM) is a method for fo-opereation with users in innovation projects. The UIM method emphasizes the practice of a participatorty attitude....

  20. Education and Social Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Palle

    The working paper is an attempt to structure the issue of education and social innovation and indicate topics that can be investigated further. Three aspects are outlined, the contribution of social innovation in educational provision, the educative dimension of social innovation and the issue...... of education for social innovation....

  1. Innovation and collective entrepreneurship

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Spear, Roger

    2012-01-01

    different perspectives on innovation and social innovation and the dynamic interaction through collective entrepreneurship in the the social and solidarity economy; bringing out process and outcome dimensions of innovation. And it will develop an understanding of the drivers and barriers to innovation...

  2. Entrepreneurship, Innovation and Institutions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stam, E.; Nooteboom, B.

    2011-01-01

    This paper discusses the nature of entrepreneurship and its relation to innovation along a cycle in which exploration and exploration follow upon each other. We place the roles of entrepreneurship in innovation policy within this cycle of innovation. Different types of innovation along the cycle of

  3. Innovations in community physiotherapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Ellangovin

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available In the last 35 years, Bangladesh has produced only 415 physiotherapists to meet the demands of a total population of 150 million. Most of them practice in the capital city of Dhaka because of better business prospects. The need to formulate an innovative strategy to meet the huge demand is obvious.According to a World Bank report (2005, 44% (poor and 33% (very poor people approach local pharmacists or medicine sellers for their ailments due to poor accessibility to healthcare facilities and also to avoid consultation fees. Due to scarcity in the number of professionals, community physiotherapists have become popular with rural patients. They use innovative treatment approaches, which combines traditional Physiotherapy and ancient Ayurvedic massage. Targeting equitable access to all, Gonoshasthaya Kendra (GK has its own health insurance policy. The fee is determined by the socio-economic status of the patient. Experienced paramedics are now able to administer treatment without direct supervision all the time. The number of patients seen by them is multiplying at a fascinating rate every year due to the growing recognition of their work. Gonoshasthaya Kendra (GK was established in 1972 and provides primary health care to a rural population of over 1.08 million across 629 villages in Bangladesh. The strategies and methods adopted by Gonoshasthaya Kendra in bridging the gap and promoting community physiotherapy by training health workers or “paramedics” in Bangladesh, has been successful. Even though training of many more paramedics is required, success is guaranteed.Au cours de ces 35 dernières années, le Bangladesh a formé uniquement 415 kinésithérapeutes pour une population totale de 150 millions de personnes. La plupart d’entre eux exercent dans la capitale, Dhaka, où les perspectives de travail sont les meilleures. La mise en place d’une stratégie innovante est par conséquent nécessaire pour répondre à la forte demande

  4. Innovation Across the Supply Chain

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Druehl, Cheryl; Carrillo, Janice; Hsuan, Juliana

    Innovation is an integral part of every firm’s ongoing operations. Beyond product innovation, supply chain innovations offer a unique source of competitive advantage. We synthesize recent research on innovation in the supply chain, specifically, innovative supply chain processes...

  5. Stimulation de la bio-innovation en vue d'atténuer la pauvreté en Asie

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    , politiques et installations nécessaires à la bio-innovation. Toutefois, les produits issus de la bio-innovation ne sont généralement pas mis au service des millions de pauvres, qui n'ont guère accès aux technologies. Le projet a pour but de ...

  6. Analyse des systèmes d'innovation (Burkina Faso) | IDRC ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Ce projet a pour objectif d'améliorer l'efficience du système d'innovation en construction au Burkina Faso en renforçant les échanges entre chercheurs, inventeurs, ... Faso : communication présentée à la IIIe Conférence Internationale de KMA « Knowledge Management Africa » sous le thème « le... 49285. Journal articles.

  7. Competition entre supraconductivite et magnetisme au voisinage de la transition de Mott dans le conducteur organique quasi-bidimensionnel k-(BEDT-TTF)2copper[N(CN)2]bromine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fournier, David

    Les conducteurs organiques quasi-bidimensionnels kappa-ET2X presentent d'importantes similitudes avec les SCHT telles qu'une phase isolant de Mott, un regime de pseudogap et un etat supraconducteur. L'etude de leurs proprietes apparait donc complementaire. Parmi les interrogations persistantes concernant la physique de ces systemes, l'origine du (ou des) processus exotique d'appariement, responsable de la supraconductivite est le sujet suscitant l'interet le plus marque dans la communaute. L'hypothese d'un mecanisme lie a la proximite d'un etat antiferromagnetique est privilegiee. Une etape importante dans la resolution de cette problematique est l'identification de la symetrie du parametre d'ordre. D'apres de nombreux travaux sur les systemes fortement correles, la sonde ultrasonore, de par sa sensibilite aux excitations de quasiparticule a basse temperature, est consideree comme particulierement adaptee a l'etude de cette propriete. Cependant, son emploi necessite l'utilisation d'un compose metallique a basse temperature et completement supraconducteur. Le compose metallique organique kappa-ET 2Cu[N(CN)2]Br presente toutes les caracteristiques necessaires a l'etude de cette propriete. En effet, il est situe loin de la transition du premier ordre de Mott et est completement supraconducteur. De facon surprenante, ce systeme semble se coupler fortement avec le reseau ce qui augmente significativement la sensibilite de cette sonde aux proprietes du gaz electronique. Cependant, des difficultes techniques importantes, liees a la nature intrinseque de ce materiau, doivent etre surmontees pour proceder a des mesures suivant differentes polarisations. La presente etude a profondement modifie notre comprehension de ce systeme. En effet, ces mesures ont permis de constater que le kappa-ET2Cu[N(CN)2]Br est un compose qui est situe en bordure de la zone de coexistence entre la supraconductivite et le magnetisme, ce qui constitue un resultat totalement inattendu. De plus, la

  8. Un accès équitable à l'eau | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    20 mars 2013 ... À l'occasion de la Journée mondiale de l'eau (le 22 mars) et de l'Année ... Naser Faruqui est directeur, Science et innovation, au CRDI. ... Des données de cette nature aideront à aller au-delà des belles paroles et à inspirer ...

  9. Medical innovation laws: an unnecessary innovation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richards, Bernadette

    2016-06-01

    Objective This paper aims to demonstrate that any suggestion that there is a need for specific innovation laws is flawed. Innovation is central to good medical practice and is adequately supported by current law. Methods The paper reviews the nature of medical innovation and outlines recent attempts in the UK to introduce specific laws aimed at 'encouraging' and 'supporting' innovation. The current legal framework is outlined and the role of the law in relation to medical innovation explored. Results The analysis demonstrates the cyclic relationship between medical advancement and the law and concludes that there is no requirement for specific innovation laws. Conclusions The law not only supports innovation and development in medical treatment but encourages it as central to a functioning medical system. There is no need to introduce specific laws aimed at medical innovation; to do so represents an unnecessary legal innovation and serves to complicate matters. What is known about the topic? Over recent months, there has been a great deal of discussion surrounding the law in the context of medical innovation. This was driven by the attempts in the UK to introduce specific laws in the Medical Innovation Bill. The general subject matter - negligence and the expected standard of care in the provision of treatment - is very well understood, but not in cases where the treatment can be described as innovative. The general rhetoric in both the UK and Australia around the Medical Innovation Bill demonstrates a lack of understanding of the position of the law with regards to innovative treatment. What does this paper add? This paper adds clarity to the debate. It presents the law and explains the manner in which the law can operate around innovative treatment. The paper asserts that medical innovation is both supported and encouraged by existing legal principles. What are the implications for practitioners? The paper presents an argument that can guide the policy position

  10. Strain Dependence of the Frequencies and the Thermal Expansion of the Hexagonal Close-Packed Lattice; Variations, en Fonction de la Deformation, des Frequences et de la Dilatation Thermique du Reseau a Structure Hexagonale Compacte; Zavisimost' chastot i teplovogo rasshireniya geksagonal'noj reshetki s plotnoj upakovkoj ot napryazheniya; Variacion de las Frecuencias y de la Dilatacion Termica de la Red Hexagonal Compacta en Funcion de la Deformacion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Srinivasan, R.; Ramji Rao, R. [Physics Department, Indian Institute of Technology, Madras (India)

    1965-04-15

    ) [French] Les auteurs ont mesure recemment la dilatation thermique anisotrope de certains metaux a structure hexagonale. Pour etablir la theorie de la dilatation thermique anisotrope des reseaux a structure hexagonale compacte (hc), il faut etudier les variations, en fonction de la deformation, des frequences des reseaux hc. Les auteurs ont etudie le cas du reseau hc a interaction centrale avec le plus proche voisin de forme Empty-Set = -a/{gamma}{sup m} + b/{gamma}{sup n}. Les deformations suivantes ont ete utilisees: 1. une dilatation lineaire {zeta} le long de Taxe z; 2. une dilatation surfacique uniforme #Greek Lunate Epsilon Symbol#' dans le plan principal. Ces deformations sont celles qui s'appliquent a la theorie de la dilatation thermique et elles ont l'avantage de ne pas entrainer de deplacements a l'interieur du reseau. Les auteurs ont etabli les parametres de Grueneisen {gamma}'{sub i} = - Partial-Differential log{omega}{sub i}/ Partial-Differential #Greek Lunate Epsilon Symbol#' and {gamma}'{sub i}' = - Partial-Differential log{omega}{sub i}/ Partial-Differential {zeta} pour les vecteurs d'ondes situes le long de certaines directions de symetrie. On constate que les parametres ainsi obtenus pour les branches acoustiques dependent fortement de la direction et presentent des variations tres etendues. Une des branches acoustiques transversales dans le plan principal accuse une valeur negative pour {gamma}', quelles que soient les valeurs de m et n. Les auteurs ont etudie les variations des moments {mu}{sub 2}, {mu}{sub 4} et {mu}{sub 6} en fonction des deformations indiquees plus haut. Ils ont determine pour trois paires de valeurs de m et n, les limites de temperature superieure et inferieure des parametres de Grueneisen equivalents {gamma}{sup +} et {gamma}''. Ils ont constate que {gamma}' est egal a {gamma}'' et que la limite de temperature superieure {gamma}'{sub {infinity}} depasse de 0,3 environ la limite de temperature inferieure {gamma}'{sub 0}. Il semble

  11. Le principe non bis in idem et le droit communautaire

    OpenAIRE

    Hedabou, Aziz

    2018-01-01

    Le principe non bis in idem est une garantie fondamentale qui interdit que les mêmes faits soit poursuivi et puni deux fois. Il est reconnu par tous les droits internes et “appartient aux droit universel des nations”. Dès lors, sa lettre et son esprit ne sont plus cantonnés au droit interne et ont tendance à s’internationaliser. En droit communautaire, l’étude du principe non bis in idem peut être envisagée sous trois angles différents. D’abord en droit pénal international unilatéral où chaqu...

  12. Le tennis dans le monde: état et prospective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierre DUMOLARD

    1989-06-01

    Full Text Available Le tennis est peu ou prou pratiqué dans tous les pays du monde, mais avec de considérables variations d'intensité. Actuellement, ses points d'ancrage se situent dans les pays développés occidentaux et dans l'ancienne sphère d'influence britannique. En tenant compte de l'évolution démographique et économique possible des nations, des projections de pénétration de ce sport sont établies pour l'horizon 2000.

  13. Innovation Types and Talent Management for Innovation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan A. Marin-Garcia

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Companies need to become innovative and in order to do so, they must learn how to be able to manage the talent of their workforce In this working paper we have reviewed the literature concerning the concept of innovation as a key for the challenge for change in companies to establish a synthesis and a classification of the types of innovation required. We propose a number of competencies needed by the different staff members (support, technicians, managers, etc as well, so that they can succeed in being innovative in different ways.

  14. Peut-on voyager dans le temps ?

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN. Geneva

    2008-01-01

    La possibilité de voyager dans le temps est régulièrement évoquée par les magazines scientifiques (et parfois même par les scientifiques). Elle est également le sujet de nombreux romans de science-fiction. Nous discuterons d’abord du sens qu’on peut donner à l’expression « voyager dans le temps », puis nous expliciterons ce que la physique contemporaine dit à ce propos.

  15. Le CRDI en Égypte

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    afin d'y favoriser la croissance et le développement. Il en résulte des solutions locales, novatrices et durables, qui offrent des choix aux personnes qui en ont le plus besoin et font changer les choses. Centre de recherches pour le développement international. CP 8500, Ottawa (Ontario) Canada K1G 3H9. 1012 alexandrie.

  16. Innovative Work Behavior

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pihl-Thingvad, Signe; Klausen, Kurt Klaudi

    work behaviour of the employees in a particular empirical setting. Innovative work behaviour has become an important concept in the literature on innovation. Theories on managing change and innovation in public service organizations would suggest that managers have several possibilities when ensuring...... the implementation of innovation. There is, however, still a gap (both empirical and theoretical) in the literature on how managers can contribute to and strengthen the employees’ innovative work behaviour in public service organizations. Therefore, we focus on the following research questions. Which management...... strategies are public managers using in order to create more innovative work behaviour? How do public managers create an innovative climate in the organization which affects the innovative work behaviour positively? In this paper we examine the implementation of innovation in a large Danish municipality...

  17. : tous les projets | Page 18 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Programme: Foundations for Innovation. Financement total : CA$ 656,888.00. Améliorer l'immunité innée des macrophages par la modulation des. Projet. Les maladies causées par une infection guérissent le plus souvent grâce à une réaction immunitaire déclenchée par des cellules pour éliminer les agents étrangers.

  18. Le CRDI aide l'Inde à s'adapter aux changements climatiques au ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    23 févr. 2018 ... À compter de cette année, le CRDI soutiendra l'élaboration d'un nouveau programme universitaire en science et en politique de l'eau, et offrira de nouvelles bourses à des dirigeantes émergentes. Ce soutien vise à stimuler les innovations qui aideront les personnes et les communautés vulnérables à ...

  19. : tous les projets | Page 41 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Ce projet produira des données probantes pour aider à orienter les stratégies de traitement chez les patients atteints de déficits de la mémoire et à réduire les symptômes associés à la maladie d'Alzheimer. Région: India, Canada, Israel. Programme: Foundations for Innovation. Financement total : CA$ 669,937.00. Établir le ...

  20. Élaboration de politiques efficaces pour le financement de l ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Les chercheurs mèneront une étude comparative sur les mécanismes de financement de l'innovation en Malaisie, à Singapour, à Taïwan et en Thaïlande. Les travaux se ... Des chercheurs appuyés par le CRDI parlent de leurs expériences au Comité sur les ONG lors du forum de la Commission de la condition de la femme.

  1. L'équation juste pour l'Afrique | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    7 sept. 2016 ... Le prochain Einstein viendra-t-il d'Afrique? L'Institut africain des sciences mathématiques (AIMS) y croit et contribue à façonner l'avenir du continent. Cet article fait partie d'une série de reportages sur des projets innovants mis en œuvre dans les pays en développement, compilée dans un blogue réalisé ...

  2. Le corps dans l'Antiquité

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sophie Lalanne

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Ouvrages générauxLaqueur Thomas, La fabrique du sexe. Essai sur le corps et le genre en Occident, trad. fr., Paris, Gallimard, 1992.Feher Michel, Naddaff Ramona, Tazi Nadia, Fragments for a History of the Human Body, 3 volumes, New York, Zone Books, 1989.Le Corps dans l’AntiquitéBodiou Lydie, Frère Dominique, Mehl Véronique dir., L’expression des corps. Gestes, attitudes, regards dans l’iconographie antique, Rennes, Presses Universitaires de Rennes, 2006.Bonnard Jean-Baptiste, Le complexe de ...

  3. Démocratie et le développement dans le monde arabe | IDRC ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Le Rapport sur le développement humain dans le monde arabe 2002 souligne un " déficit en matière de libertés " fondamental dans le monde arabe se traduisant dans toute la région par des régimes autoritaires et la faiblesse de la démocratie. Cette subvention permettra aux chercheurs Samir Makdisi et Ibrahim Elbadawi ...

  4. ÉTUDE DE CAS — Cuba : Le logement et le capital humain à Cuba ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    10 janv. 2011 ... ÉTUDE DE CAS — Cuba : Le logement et le capital humain à Cuba ... Centre de recherches pour le développement international (CRDI) du Canada révèle ... Les ressources déjà limitées sont devenues encore plus rares. ... de l'Institut national pour l'hygiène, l'épidémiologie et la microbiologie (INHEM), ...

  5. Le CRDI et la lutte contre le paludisme | CRDI - Centre de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    22 juil. 2011 ... D'autres interventions luttent également contre le paludisme, notamment les moustiquaires imprégnées d'insecticide et les médicaments visant à prévenir le ... Le CRDI appuie le GCRAI depuis les années 1970 et participe avec SIMA au financement de la recherche sur les interactions complexes entre ...

  6. Lele du langage de programmation dans la réalisation de code ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Lele du langage de programmation dans la réalisation de code de qualité, les cas de Delphi et C++ Nous discutons dans ce papier lele du langage de programmation dans la production d'un code de qualité. La qualité d'un code peut être atteinte en respectant certains critères simples au niveau de la programmation ...

  7. La spermiation chez le brochet.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DE MONTALEMBERT G.

    1980-01-01

    Full Text Available L'évolution quantitative et qualitative de la production de sperme au cours de la période de spermiation a été étudiée chez des brochets maintenus en captivité dans un étang de 400 m2. Le sperme est prélevé toutes les semaines à partir du début de février, et pendant près de 2 mois. La quantité de sperme recueillie est très faible et présente de fortes variations individuelles ; elle augmente progressivement jusqu'à la 5me semaine et décroit ensuite. La quantité moyenne de sperme récoltée par mâle est de l'ordre de 0,7 ml/semaine et varie considérablement d'un mâle à l'autre (0.07 à 1,5 ml. La concentration du sperme en spermatozoïdes varie entre 18 et 25 milliards par ml ( X = 21,5 109 + 2,11. La quantité de spermatozoïdes récoltée par semaine est de 28,5 106 + 26,4/kg de poids corporel. La qualité du sperme appréciée par l'intensité et la durée de motilité suit une évolution similaire à celle de la quantité de sperme récoltée avec des valeurs maximales à 4 semaines et minimales en début et fin de période de prélèvement. Les premières ovulations détectées sur des femelles stockées dans les mêmes conditions que les mâles ont été observées à la 6me semaine de prélèvements alors que les performances de spermiation avaient déjà fortement déclinées. Il est vraisemblable que les conditions expérimentales particulièrement traumatisantes pour les mâles ont affecté prématurément la spermiation, amplifiant ainsi le décalage fréquemment observé entre les périodes de spermiation et d'ovulation.

  8. Le groupe de travail EPNAC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MOLLE, Pascal

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available En France, les procédés de traitement des eaux usées des petites et moyennes collectivités sont en constante évolution et leur diversité augmente fortement. Constitué à l'initiative d'Irstea, le groupe de travail EPNAC a pour objectif de mutualiser et de diffuser une information technique et cohérente sur ces procédés auprès des acteurs de l'assainissement.

  9. Purchasing and Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hanghøj, Astrid; Mols, Niels Peter

    2015-01-01

    In this paper we develop a number of hypotheses relating four purchasing capabilities to two measures of purchasings contribution to innovation. The hypotheses are tested with data collected through a websurvey completed by 321 purchasing professionals in Danish production companies. Our results...... show that integrative, relational, innovative,and intelligence capabilities are positively related to innovation. However, relational capabilities are not found to have significant effect on purchasings contribution to supply and practice innovation, i.e. new markets, new suppliers, and new purchasing...... practices. The relationship between intelligence capabilities and purchasings contribution to product and production innovations depends on the level of innovation capabilities....

  10. Le salaire minimum n'est pas toujours le meilleur moyen d'accroître ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    4 mai 2016 ... De fait, cette intervention vigoureuse sur le marché du travail est une ... la mobilité des travailleurs entre le secteur structuré et le secteur non structuré, ... On peut certes se constituer rapidement du capital politique en faisant ...

  11. Rapport financier trimestriel pour le trimestre qui a pris fin le 30

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Sophie Comeau

    30 sept. 2011 ... politiques, de chercheurs et de collectivités de par le monde. ..... Financement : le CRDI est visé par l'Examen stratégique et ... Le Conseil des gouverneurs a amorcé la planification du recrutement du nouveau président.

  12. Rapport financier trimestriel pour le trimestre qui a pris fin le 30 juin ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Sophie Comeau

    30 juin 2017 ... Régi par la Loi sur le Centre de recherches pour le développement international ... des retombées; forme des leaders dans les secteurs de l'administration .... Au cours de la période de trois mois qui a pris fin le 30 juin 2017, ...

  13. Le facteur humain et la sûreté de fonctionnement dans le ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Elle permettait d'optimiser le couple « performance-coût », en identifiant, évaluant et maîtrisant les pannes qu'il ... gestion des risques deviennent une ...... Etre en mesure de détecter les .... variés qui s'y déroulent, avoir le contrôle du.

  14. Les femmes dans le secteur du travail domestique et le secteur ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Ce projet vise à rectifier le tir en faisant la lumière sur les caractéristiques ... le secteur du travail domestique et dans le secteur bancaire modifient la nature du travail ... des sciences sociales, des sciences humaines, de la santé publique ou.

  15. Urban Planning by Le Corbusier According to Praxeological Knowledge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dzwierzynska, Jolanta; Prokopska, Aleksandra

    2017-12-01

    The city is formed as a mosaic of various elements which affect its attractiveness. These elements range from location attributes, through economic opportunities, to social aspects. Therefore, urbanity and urban planning should be considered in a multi-dimensional context. In the paper we address the problem of urban planning by Le Corbusier according to praxeological and system knowledge. From praxeological point of view an active human being takes his/her choice between various possibilities by preferring one of these possibilities to the others, and by manifesting it by her actions. The same applies to the design process. Due to this fact, the scientific design process can be treated as a systematic rational reconstruction of the designer’s behaviour. Such a reconstruction requires previous reflection on designer’s work, as well as some consideration and design experience, thus know-how knowledge based on methodological knowledge. In the paper several city visions of Le Corbusier, as well as the characteristics and organisation of his design process are analysed. Le Corbusier’s innovative design ideas resulted from industrialisation changes and motorisation accelerating progress, which gave foundation to a new urban array. This array based on strict geometric forms, regularity and repetition determining standard. Thanks to his theories, Le Corbusier established principles of modern city construction and planning. Although some doubts were expressed as to the scale of centralisation of the cities designed by him and his class-based conception, he was awarded that overall welfare of the individual living in a city was the quality of built environment. Therefore, his designed creations were not only functional but they also produced emotions. The analysis of his prolific design activities allows us to state that the organisation of his architectural and urban planning process was very efficient and complex. The city concepts proposed by him were the subject

  16. Triggering system innovation in agricultural innovation systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Turner, James A.; Williams, Tracy; Nicholas, Graeme; Foote, Jeff; Rijswijk, Kelly; Barnard, Tim; Beechener, Sam; Horita, Akiko

    2017-01-01

    This article describes a process for stimulating engagement among change agents to develop a shared understanding of systemic problems in the agricultural innovation system (AIS), challenge prevalent institutional logics and identify actions they might undertake to stimulate system innovation.

  17. Organising for innovation in regional innovation systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brink, Tove

    2017-01-01

    The research in this paper reveals how organising the innovation ecosystem can enable the achievement of the aim for innovation and competiveness. The research was conducted from June 2014 to May 2015 using a qualitative deductive approach among operation & maintenance (O&M) actors in offshore wind...

  18. Producing Innovations : Determinants of Innovativity and Efficiency

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bos, J.W.B.; van Lamoen, R.C.R.; Sanders, M.W.J.L.

    2016-01-01

    In this chapter, we investigate the knowledge production function, using the Community Innovation Survey, an unbalanced firm-level panel data set collected in the Netherlands between 1994 and 2004. This database allows us to span the entire innovation process from initial resources committed (R&D

  19. İnovasyon Süreci Performansı Ölçüm Kriterlerini Nitel Bir Araştırma İle Belirleme: Bilişim Sektöründen Bulgular - Defining Innovation Process Performance Measurement Criteria with a Qualitative Research: Findings from IT Sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yunus Emre TAŞGİT

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to define innovation performance measurement criteria for firms and measure their performance through these criteria. IT firms in technoparks at TR42 East Marmara Region are included in the study and qualitative research method is used. Data are collected through the interviews conducted with managers of IT firms and are analyzed with descriptive and content analysis techniques. After the analysis, some measurement criteria are introduced to measure the innovation performance. Results show that “Idea Generation” stage is not taken seriously by these firms. Performances of “Beta Version Development” and “Full Version Development” stages are high. Firms have to analyze “Sale” stage carefully.

  20. Cost evaluation of the enslaved to breathing radiotherapy as part of support program to innovative and expensive therapies; Evaluation du cout de la radiotherapie asservie a la respiration dans le cadre d'un programme de soutien aux therapeutiques innovantes et couteuses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Remonnay, R.; Morelle, M.; Carrere, M.O. [Lyon Univ., 69 (France); GATE, CNRS, UMR 5824, 69 - Ecully (France); ENS LSH, 69 - Lyon (France); Centre Leon-Berard, 69 - Lyon (France); Giraud, P. [Hopital Europeen Georges-Pompidou, Faculte Rene-Descartes, Service d' Oncologie Radiotherapie, Paris V, 75 - Paris (France)

    2009-10-15

    This study had for objective to evaluate the consequences of the implementation of the enslaved breathing on the cost of production of radiotherapy, relatively to the conformal radiotherapy without enslaved breathing (witness group) in the bronchopulmonary cancers and the breast cancers. The tariff aspect was studied. The estimation of the complete cost of the treatment enlighten the inadequacy of the pricing for innovation. (N.C.)

  1. The future of the ''intelligent Energy for Europe'' programme stakeholders consultation on the framework programme for competitiveness and innovation (CIP) Energie-Cites Opinion; L'Avenir du Programme ''Energie Intelligente Europe'' consultation des acteurs sur le programme pour la competitivite et l nnovation Avis d nergie-Cites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-11-01

    The European Commission has launched a Consultation relative to the integration of support programmes to energy efficiency (EIE Programme) in the Competitiveness and Innovative Programme (CIP), this one being integrated in the Lisbon process. This consultation offers the opportunity to Energie-Cites to define its opinion on the relationships between Sustainable energy, Competitiveness and Innovation. - If Europe is to become the most competitive and innovative region in the world, it must consider this objective from the angle of sustainable growth, that is, by promoting the efficient use of fossil resources and by controlling the effluents and waste that are generated by the transformation of energy. What is at stake for Europe is its capacity to propose an energy model (consumption and production) that can be reproducible in the rest of the world. In other hands, the integration of energy efficiency and renewable energy support programmes into a broader scheme (CIP) covering very different areas, with no links between them and with no clear information regarding both the financial amounts and sources involved, entails a major risk, that of reducing, or even suppressing support at a time when we need it most. From the current understanding of the situation, Energie-Cites is not favourable to such integration. (A.L.B.)

  2. Innovating innovation Policy. Rethinking green innovation policy in evolutionary perspective

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Arentsen, Maarten J.; Dinica, V.; Marquart, N.E.

    1999-01-01

    Advanced environmental standards such as sustainability require substantial improvements in the environmental performances of present technologies. Governments are faced with the challenge to design green innovation policies able to support producers and users of technologies to comply with such

  3. L’Association du personnel, le TREF, le Comité des Finances et le Conseil du CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2016-01-01

    L’Association du personnel, forte de son approche participative et consensuelle, recherche toujours le meilleur accord possible pour l’Organisation et son personnel. Pour ce faire, discussions et concertation avec la Direction, travail d’explication et de persuasion au TREF et ailleurs auprès des délégués des États membres sont nos principaux atouts. TREF (Tripartite Employment Conditions Forum), un Forum d’échanges, de discussions « L’objectif du Forum est d’améliorer le processus de prise de décision  en donnant aux personnes concernées la possibilité et le temps de comprendre pleinement la position de tous les participants. » (CERN/RTG/8) Le Forum tripartite sur les conditions d’emploi (TREF), créé par le Conseil du CERN en juin 1994, est composé de r...

  4. Evolutions of the power grid: vector of sustainable development; Evolutions du reseau de transport d'electricite: vecteur du developpement durable

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Croguennoc, Alain; Dalle, Bernard; Archambault, R.; Bony, P.E.; Bouneau, C.; Bourguignon, B.; Bouvier, D.; Beltran, A.; Chauvancy, A.; Chevassus-au-Louis, B.; Citi, S.; Claverie, B.; Colomb, B.; Dallet, M.; Deveaux, L.; Dubus, D.; Fresnedo, S.; Herreros, J.; Herz, O.; Isoard, J.; Jaussaud, E.; Laffaye, H.; Laroche, J.P.; Lasserre, D.; Lebas, N.; Lebranchu, D.; Leclerc, F.; Lemoine, D.; Leydier, C.; Malique, F.; Mazoyer, F.; Meudic, M.A.; Nguefeu, S.; Pajot, S.; Pilate, J.M.; Real, G.; Rosso, F.; Waeraas de Saint Martin, G.; Schwartzmann, S.; Serres, E.

    2011-09-01

    The abatement of energy consumption and the mass production of renewable energy are the main actions implemented to meet the climate challenge. In this context, the share of electric power in the final consumption is continuously growing up. Adapting the power transportation grid is necessary if we want to take up the challenge of the new paradigm 'new power generation sites, fatal and intermittent energy'. If this grid is the symbol of a modern and well-equipped France, it is also the revealer of our society antagonisms: change without disruption, progress without sacrifice of heritage and natural landscapes. Industries and grid operators will have to show some innovation and anticipation if they want this deep change to be a success. The French power grid has permitted the regional development in the past and will allow to take up the climate challenge in the future. Its inevitable position in the success of past transformations makes it an essential vector of sustainable development. (J.S.)

  5. Innovations, status, and networks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    P. Wang (Pengfei)

    2016-01-01

    markdownabstractTo obtain and maintain competitive advantage, firms need to implement appropriate innovation strategies (i.e. exploration or exploitation) and acquire status in external networks. In this dissertation, I investigate how innovation strategy, status, and network structure jointly

  6. Detecting Social Innovation agency

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pel, Bonno; Dorland, Jens; Wittmayer, Julia

    2017-01-01

    Considering that it is important for the social innovation research field to confront its methodological challenges, this contribution addresses the challenge of choosing appropriate units of analysis. In processes of transformative social innovation, the agency is distributed and therefore...

  7. Innovation and STEM Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Julia Link

    2015-01-01

    How do schools with a focus on science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fit in with state goals to increase innovation and to boost the economy? This article briefly discusses how educators can encourage creativity and innovation.

  8. Pathfinder Innovation Projects

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Pathfinder program supports high-risk, high-reward research ideas with funding and staff time. The goal is to feed a culture of innovation in the Agency and integrate innovative ideas in EPA research programs.

  9. Management Innovation Capabilities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Harder, Mie

    Management innovation is the implementation of a new management practice, process, technique or structure that significantly alters the way the work of management is performed. This paper presents a typology categorizing management innovation along two dimensions; radicalness and complexity. Then...

  10. Roadmap for Inclusive Innovation

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — The Roadmap for Inclusive Innovation data set shares the status of action items under the Roadmap for Inclusive Innovation. Each action or project has been assigned...

  11. Diversity and Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Østergaard, Christian Richter; Timmermans, Bram; Kristinsson, Kári

    2007-01-01

    Denne metoderapport udgør og beskriver den kvantitative analyse, som er grundlaget for kapitel 6 og appendiks 2 i Forsknings- og Innovationsstyrelsens rapport om Innovation og mangfoldighed - Ny viden og erfaringer med medarbejderdreven innovation...

  12. Logistic innovations in transport

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirosław Antonowicz

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The article discusses the issue of logistic innovations in transport. The essentials of logistic innovations in transport together with some examples of specific innovations are presented. The role of the client's needs in transport innovations is indicated. The most vital postulates affecting the innovativeness of shipping companies and derived from the author's experience as well as scholarly publications, are time, safety, reliability as well as comprehensiveness of service offer. Following the analysis of the issue, and on the grounds of Kaizen's and Lean's method, the concept of continuous innovations is suggested as very useful for the development of transport. The potential of clusters as the source of logistic innovations in transport is emphasised. Methods: The discussion of the issue was preceded by the author's analysis of written sources on innovativeness, the evaluation of ratings of innovativeness as well as the analysis of rewarded innovative solutions in transport subsequent to the businesses participation in the programme of innovative solutions in transport. The role of innovation practical business operations is argued following the analysis of some strategic documents such as: 2011 White Paper and the Strategy for the Development of Transport by 2020 adopted by the Polish government in 2013. Aim: The aim of the article is to present the role and significance of the issue of logistic innovations in transport and to cite instances of practical solutions implemented by shipping companies, the solutions which resulted in measurable effects. Following the author's observation of the instances of innovative solutions as well as his analysis of the ratings of innovativeness, the article aims to present the conclusions as for the specific kinds of activities which are indispensable to foster innovativeness in transport. Conclusions: The conclusions derived from the author's analyses and observations show that logistic

  13. Le contrôle de gestion environnementale d'une entreprise

    OpenAIRE

    Marquet-Pondeville, Sophie

    2001-01-01

    Dans cette recherche, nous étudions comment s’opère le contrôle de gestion environnementale. Cette problématique est abordée dans une perspective contingente et nous proposons un modèle théorique qui met en évidence l’impact de certaines variables sur les systèmes de contrôle de la gestion environnementale. Certains liens présents dans ce modèle sont discutés à travers une étude de cas.

  14. Le facteur humain et la sûreté de fonctionnement dans le ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Notre contribution porte sur lele fondamental du facteur humain dans le management intégré des risques d'une part et du rôle déterminant qu'il peut avoir à jouer pour que la sûreté de fonctionnement réponde à sa propriété d'autre part. Un rôle illustré à travers une analyse de risque dans un complexe de Gaz Naturel ...

  15. Innovating for sustainability

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    The theme of the articles is innovating for sustainability. Empirically the articles shows how enterprises makes environmental innovations related to their processes and products within the organic dairy industry, the fish processing industry and the car industry.......The theme of the articles is innovating for sustainability. Empirically the articles shows how enterprises makes environmental innovations related to their processes and products within the organic dairy industry, the fish processing industry and the car industry....

  16. Inside Real Innovation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-01

    investors, innovators and people in corporations , universities and government. This breakthrough book gives a ground-floor view of the innovation...investors, innovators and people in corporations , universities and government. INSIDE REAL INNOVATION - How the Right Approach Can Move Ideas from R...shop phenomenon, pioneered by Starbucks and others, was based not on selling coffee but on giving the patrons a congenial setting.) At any rate

  17. Bureaucracy and Innovation Revisited

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hartmann, Mia Koss; Koss Hartmann, Rasmus

    , but by problematizing the relationship directly. Inspired by prior ethnographic studies of coercive bureaucracies and theories of secrecy and hiding behavior, we propose that coercive bureaucracies do not necessarily impede innovation, but rather create the appearance of doing so. Coercive bureaucracies create......, supplemented by innovation histories, surveys and expert evaluations. This argument implies that future research examines more deeply the organizational processes and practices by which innovation might occur even in coercive bureaucracies. Further, it encourages innovation research methods that rely less...

  18. Making Collaborative Innovation Accountable

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Eva

    The public sector is increasingly expected to be innovative, but the prize for a more innovative public sector might be that it becomes difficult to hold public authorities to account for their actions. The article explores the tensions between innovative and accountable governance, describes...... the foundation for these tensions in different accountability models, and suggest directions to take in analyzing the accountability of collaborative innovation processes....

  19. Innovation at DARPA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-07-01

    Distribution Statement A: Approved for Public Release, Distribution Unlimited Innovation at DARPA July 2016 1 Distribution...Statement A: Approved for Public Release, Distribution Unlimited Innovation at DARPA A Long History of Innovation DARPA, the Defense Advanced Research...guided work that has “changed the world"—a phrase frequently heard at DARPA to ensure a focus on transformative innovation as opposed to incremental

  20. Innovation without Design?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pinheiro-Croisel, Rebecca; Hernes, Tor

    2012-01-01

    This paper explores innovation and social behaviourist theory in relation to sustainable urban projects in the highly institutionalized public sector (towns). Using empirical data from France, we examine the dynamics of a design process in which unexpected practices generated innovative urban...... into a movement of collective action, which presupposed the acquisition of a new identity. Ultimately, our objective is to combine social behaviourist theory and innovation theory and to facilitate innovative design in urban projects....

  1. Strategy of technical innovation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lee, Ga Jong

    1990-12-01

    This book deals with policy of scientific technique and technical innovation such as research for development and types of technical innovation, historical development and process of technical innovation, economic growth, technology change and investment for research and development, structure and form of technical transfer with the meaning process, from, structure and theory, economic growth and investment of research and development with experiential analysis and case study on strategy of technical innovation in electron and fine chemical industry.

  2. Social Innovation Europe: Country Summary: Poland. Social Innovation in Poland

    OpenAIRE

    Klimczuk, Andrzej

    2015-01-01

    The history of social innovation in country, challenges being addressed by social innovation. the key actors, who is promoting social innovation. A few of the key projects that illustrate social innovation.

  3. Branching innovation, recombinant innovation, and endogenous technological transitions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Frenken, K.; Izquierdo, L.; Zeppini, P.

    2012-01-01

    We propose a model of technological transitions based on two different types of innovations. Branching innovations refer to technological improvements along a particular path, while recombinant innovations represent fusions of multiple paths. Recombinant innovations create "short-cuts" which reduce

  4. Le language des masques burkinabè

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hond

    2 juil. 2007 ... un faire transformateur cognitif devient un esprit qui a des fonctions hautement spirituelles, religieuses et aussi souvent esthétiques. Le langage et le discours des masques. Les masques sont un langage et un discours. Un langage est un système de communi- cation et d'expression. L'unité de base de ...

  5. Addendum waarde commerciële radiovergunningen

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Poort, J.; Kerste, M.; Akker, I.; Prins, J.

    2011-01-01

    Op 18 mei 2010 stuurde de Minister van Economische Zaken het SEO-rapport Waarde commerciële radiovergunningen naar de Tweede Kamer. Dat rapport doet verslag van een onderzoek naar de waarde van de commerciële radiovergunningen. Het vormde de grondslag voor het financieel instrument in de

  6. L'astronomie dans le monde

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manfroid, J.

    2008-09-01

    Fragmentation et astéroïdes binaires; Astéroïde géocroiseur triple; Rosetta sort de son hibernation; Messenger; Transit lunaire vu par Deep Impact; Titan; Phobos; Phoenix; Einstein avait raison; Le ballet des taches rouges; Le poids des lentilles;

  7. Le Débat des semences

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Solutions pour les lois nationales régissant le contrôle des ressources génétiques et des ...... des pouvoirs) qui reconnaissent, dans une certaine mesure, les droits de gestion collectifs des ...... documentés, les performances physiques, etc.

  8. Selection and integration of a network of parallel processors in the real time acquisition system of the 4{pi} DIAMANT multidetector: modeling, realization and evaluation of the software installed on this network; Choix et integration d`un reseau de processeurs paralleles dans le systeme d`acquisition temps reel du multidetecteur 4{pi} DIAMANT: modelisation, realisation et evaluation du logiciel implante sur ce reseau

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guirande, F. [Ecole Doctorale des Sciences Physiques et de l`Ingenieur, Bordeaux-1 Univ., 33 (France)

    1997-07-11

    The increase in sensitivity of 4{pi} arrays such as EUROBALL or DIAMANT has led to an increase in the data flow rate into the data acquisition system. If at the electronic level, the data flow has been distributed onto several data acquisition buses, it is necessary in the data processing system to increase the processing power. This work regards the modelling and implementation of the software allocated onto an architecture of parallel processors. Object analysis and formal methods were used, benchmark and evolution in the future of this architecture are presented. The thesis consists of two parts. Part A, devoted to `Nuclear Spectroscopy with 4 {pi} multidetectors`, contains a first chapter entitled `The Physics of 4{pi} multidetectors` and a second chapter entitled `Integral architecture of 4{pi} multidetectors`. Part B, devoted to `Parallel acquisition system of DIAMANT` contains three chapters entitled `Material architecture`, `Software architecture` and `Validation and Performances`. Four appendices and a term glossary close this work. (author) 58 refs.

  9. China's Innovation Paradox

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Jeremy

    2015-01-01

    China aims to become an innovation-led nation by 2020, but its leadership is generally sceptical--and oftentimes hostile--to the market forces, open exchange of ideas, and creative destruction that have unlocked innovation in other countries. Instead, Beijing hopes to promote innovation in China through a massive expansion in higher education,…

  10. Technical innovation and management

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoon, Yang Cheol

    1982-08-15

    This book gives explanations of the conception of technical innovation, development plan in Korea, connection between technology and a growth factor in national income, problem of technical innovation in developing country, analysis on cooperation between a developed country and a developing country, evaluation and strategy of technical development in Korea, technical innovation of industry, management of technical industry, analysis of special condition in Korea.

  11. Technical innovation and management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yoon, Yang Cheol

    1982-08-01

    This book gives explanations of the conception of technical innovation, development plan in Korea, connection between technology and a growth factor in national income, problem of technical innovation in developing country, analysis on cooperation between a developed country and a developing country, evaluation and strategy of technical development in Korea, technical innovation of industry, management of technical industry, analysis of special condition in Korea.

  12. Business Model Innovation Leadership

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindgren, Peter

    2012-01-01

    When SME´s practice business model (BM) innovation (BMI), leading strategically BMs through the innovation process can be the difference between success and failure to a BM. Business Model Innovation Leadership (BMIL) is however extremely complex to carry out especially to small and medium size...

  13. Innovate or Die.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jagersma, P.K.

    2003-01-01

    Concentrates on innovation as an under-exploited path to success in the business community, though reckons becoming innovative is not easy. Suggests innovative companies have a number of common characteristics, which are ten strategies to be implemented to create success, these are listed in full.

  14. Adoption of Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    This edited volume brings together academics from both innovation and marketing fields to explore the additional value for companies that can be generated with the innovations in marketing and the marketing of innovations. If ideas need to reach the marketplace, then marketing strategies, concept...

  15. Innovation and Outdoor Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beames, Simon

    2017-01-01

    Within our fast-paced, fluid society, it is arguable that outdoor education needs to be innovative to play a useful role in young people's overall educational enterprise. A critical view, however, would suggest that we must beware of accepting technological innovation for its own sake. Innovations (or improvements) in education can take the form…

  16. Le barrage des trois Gorges (Chine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luc Merchez

    1999-09-01

    Full Text Available Le barrage des Trois Gorges, en construction sur le Yangzijiang, sera le plus grand barrage au monde. Le gigantisme du projet et sa médiatisation croissante en Occident permettent d'en saisir les enjeux environnementaux et humains. On analyse les grandes caractéristiques du projet et ses conséquences premières avant d'aborder le travail de recherche de l'équipe SIG de l'IGA de Grenoble qui vise à préparer la relocalisation de plus d'un million d'habitants, et à modéliser les impacts démographiques et sociaux.

  17. Île de Nantes – Designedly Ways of Recognition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Braae, Ellen Marie

    2013-01-01

    The increasing number of abandoned industrial sites over the last half century can be considered a waste- or byproduct of urban development. What we understand as waste in an urban development perspective, and not least what we do with it, are central themes in the sustainability discussion...... provides a new framework for understanding urban metabolism from a development perspective, and demonstrates how urban development can be seen as an open-ended process. This article presents and discusses Chemetoff’s innovative approach using a theoretical framework drawing on contemporary philosophical...... discussions of the convergence between ethics and aesthetics, and the ethics of recognition. This article focuses on the transformation of the island, Île de Nantes, located in the Loire River in southwest France. Between 2000 and 2010, Chemetoff conducted the process of transforming the island, which...

  18. Le projet de station touristique

    OpenAIRE

    Vlès, Vincent

    1996-01-01

    Cet ouvrage traite du savoir-faire du technicien, de l'ingénieur, du directeur d'office de tourisme qui façonne, depuis maintenant près de trois décennies, le territoire local de la production touristique : la station. Il analyse les stratégies, les mises en œuvre, les pratiques de l'aménagement et du développement touristique. Il propose une construction du projet de station, méthode qui est l'aboutissement d'expériences de terrain. Il présente un guide des interventions. Il décrit des modes...

  19. Le Squatteur, le Gentrifieur et le Promoteur. Une leçon de la géographie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurent Matthey

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Posées sur mon bureau : deux photos. Je les regarde. Silencieusement, je les décris et les commente. La première a été prise en novembre 1997. Angle rue Jean-Violette, rue Prévost-Martin, à Genève. On y voit un immeuble, ancien, des échafaudages. Entre cet immeuble et celui qui lui fait face, on a tendu des fanions verts, bleus, orange. Son rez-de-chaussée a été repeint dans une teinte un peu brique. La seconde date d’avril 2005. C’est le même immeuble, presque dix ans plus tard, rénové. Jaun...

  20. Revolution of Innovation Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    management such as user innovation, crowd sourcing and crowd funding, as well as social media. In line with the constant globalization of innovation, the first volume of Revolution of Innovation Management offers a variety of international perspectives on these topics with illustrations and analysis coming......This edited collection explores how digitalization is changing the management of innovation, and the subsequent implications for the next phases in its development. The authors identify and examine relevant phenomena which are related to the ongoing digital breakthrough in the context of innovation...

  1. Revolution of Innovation Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    This edited volume explores how the rapid development of business model innovation changes innovation management at an international level. It discusses the next phases in its development, and the impact that this could have on the field. The authors identify and examine recent trends which have...... the potential to disrupt the traditional way of managing innovation, notably in terms of creativity, product development, and process change. In line with the constant globalization of innovation, the second volume of Revolution of Innovation Management offers a variety of international perspective...

  2. Revolution of Innovation Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Viardot, Eric

    This edited collection explores how digitalization is changing the management of innovation, and the subsequent implications for the next phases in its development. The authors identify and examine relevant phenomena which are related to the ongoing digital breakthrough in the context of innovation...... management such as user innovation, crowd sourcing and crowd funding, as well as social media. In line with the constant globalization of innovation, the first volume of Revolution of Innovation Management offers a variety of international perspectives on these topics with illustrations and analysis coming...

  3. Frugal innovation process

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hossain, Mokter; Levänen, Jarkko; Lindeman, Sara

    2017-01-01

    and another developed by an individual from the Gujarat, India. Using effectuation theory we find that there are some distinct differences between two categories regarding finance, access to science and technology, the motivation of innovators, options they have, actions they take, etc....... processes. Second, we show how individuals have very different understandings of frugal innovations as well as capacities and resources needed for the development of frugal innovations. Two prominent frugal innovation cases are used in this study. One innovation was developed by individuals from the USA...

  4. Business Model Innovation Leadership

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindgren, Peter; Rasmussen, Ole Horn

    2012-01-01

    Leading business model (BM) strategizing through “the field of innovation” has not yet been covered in business model and innovation leadership literature. This is a bit peculiar considering that there has been an increased focus on BM innovation (BMI) by academics and industry since 2011......”. This emphasizes the importance of questioning. How is BM innovation leadership (BMIL) carried out in companies related to various BM(s) and BMI tasks and throughout their business model innovation process? And, how can innovation leadership be related to BMI? A framework model for BMIL based on case research...

  5. Organising to Enable Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brink, Tove

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this conceptual paper is to reveal how organising can enable innovation across organisational layers and organisational units. This approach calls for a cross-disciplinary literature review. The aim is to provide an integrated understanding of innovation in an organisational approach....... The findings reveal a continous organising process between individual/ team creativity and organisational structures/control to enable innovation at firm level. Organising provides a dynamic approach and contains the integrated reconstruction of creativity, structures and boundaries for enhanced balance...... of explorative and exploitative learning in uncertain environments. Shedding light on the cross-disciplinary theories to organise innovation provides a contribution at the firm level to enable innovation....

  6. Innovation policies for tourism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjalager, Anne-Mette

    2012-01-01

    The nature, extent, and implications of innovation in tourism are increasingly investigated in academic research, but the policies that affect these transformations in the industry and at tourism destinations are not equally well conceptualised theoretically or analysed empirically. The purpose...... of this article is, in an analysis of the literature, to interpret the rationale behind innovation policy, and to explain the persisting challenges related to acquisition of an informed foundation for policies based upon quantitative and qualitative inquiries. Observed in a historical perspective, innovation...... framework of policy instruments for innovation in tourism. New generations of policies instigate a mainstreaming of the innovation agenda in ways that proceed beyond the traditional policy concepts....

  7. L'Alliance pour appliquer à plus grande échelle l'innovation ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Ce projet servira à financer des innovations numériques qui contribuent à résoudre des défis relatifs au développement. Il établira un programme de financement de démarrage, élaborera des approches d'application à plus grande échelle d'innovations, et stimulera le développement de leaders entrepreneuriaux.

  8. Marketing Innovations in Croatia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ljiljana Božić

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to analyze the introduction of marketing innovations by companies in Croatia. This study provides an insight into the innovativeness with regard to the introduction of marketing innovations. It explores the presence of marketing innovations in general and the introduction of four types of marketing innovation (significant changes to the aesthetic design or packaging, new media or techniques for product promotion, new methods for product placement or sales channels and new methods of pricing goods or services. The changes in all four elements of the marketing mix are described. The paper also explores the extent to which the introduction of marketing innovation is related to the companies that introduce other types of innovations.

  9. Innovation in Organizations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir-Codrin Ionescu

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Innovation is an integrating part of the re-vitalization plan of EU economy and it is one of the seven initiatives comprised in the 2020 Europe Strategy. The European Union supports through active policies the creative-innovative processes, as illustrated by the Cohesion Policy Program for 2007-2013 and by the ”Horizon 2020” Program for Research and Innovation. The present paper presents, from an organizational perspective, relevant aspects related to the question of innovation and innovation management, while pointing out the most important internal and external factors that favour the introduction of innovation into the sphere of processes that are run by organizations, as well as into the sphere of products and services provided by organizations. At the same time, the paper briefly presents the essential attributes of organizations which obtain competitive sustainable advantages through innovation.

  10. Innovation Production Models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tamam N. Guseinova

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The article is dedicated to the study of the models of production of innovations at enterprise and state levels. The shift towards a new technology wave induces a change in systems of division of labour as well as establishment of new forms of cooperation that are reflected both in theory and practice of innovation policy and management. Within the scope of the research question we have studied different generation of innovation process, starting with simple linear models - "technology push" and "market pull" - and ending with a complex integrated model of open innovations. There are two organizational models of innovation production at the enterprise level: start-ups in the early stages of their development and ambidextrous organizations. The former are prone to linear models of innovation process, while the latter create innovation within more sophisticated inclusive processes. Companies that effectuate reciprocal ambidexterity stand out from all the rest, since together with start-ups, research and development centres, elements of innovation infrastructure and other economic agents operating in the same value chain they constitute the core of most advanced forms of national innovation systems, namely Triple Helix and Quadruple Helix systems. National innovation systems - models of innovation production at the state level - evolve into systems with a more profound division of labour that enable "line production" of innovations. These tendencies are closely related to the advent and development of the concept of serial entrepreneurship that transforms entrepreneurship into a new type of profession. International experience proves this concept to be efficient in various parts of the world. Nevertheless, the use of above mentioned models and concepts in national innovation system should be justified by socioeconomic conditions of economic regions, since they determine the efficiency of implementation of certain innovation processes and

  11. Managing Innovation in Academic Libraries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drake, Miriam A.

    1979-01-01

    Explores key issues related to innovation in academic libraries--performance gaps, incentives to innovate, nature of innovation, barriers and constraints, impact of innovation, and implementation of innovative strategies--and concludes that innovation requires a conducive climate, capital investment, and a leadership that is enthusiastic and…

  12. Communique: Special Issue on the International Network for Cooperation in Northern Science Created at a Meeting held in Edmonton, Alberta (October 12-15, 1982). Summary of Discussions and Agreements Reached = Numero special sur le Reseau Scientifique Internationale pour le Nord cree a la reunion tenue a Edmonton, Alberta (du 12 au 15 octobre 1982). Resume des discussions et accords conclus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Communique, 1983

    1983-01-01

    Delegations from Canada, Finland, Greenland, Norway, Sweden, and the United States agreed to the establishment of a network for cooperation among individuals engaged in problems peculiar to the circumpolar North. The Northern Science Network, established within the Unesco Man and the Biosphere Program, consists of three themes: studies on the…

  13. 5 avril 2016 - J.-C. Marcourt Vice-Président blege du Gouvernement wallon, Ministre de l'Economie, de l'Industrie, de l'Innovation et du Numérique & Vice-Président du Gouvernement de la Fédération Wallonie-Bruxelles, Ministre de l'Enseignement supérieur, de la Recherche et des Médias signe le livre d'or avec le Directeur de la Recherche et du Calcul scientifique E. Elsen; Le chef du département IT F. Hemmer et le chef de la section TE-MSC-CMI J.-P. Tock sont également présents.

    CERN Document Server

    Bennett, Sophia Elizabeth

    2016-01-01

    Monsieur Jean-Claude Marcourt Vice-Président du Gouvernement wallon, Ministre de l'Economie, de l'Industrie, de l'Innovation et du Numérique Vice-Président du Gouvernement de la Fédération Wallonie-Bruxelles, Ministre de l'Enseignement supérieur, de la Recherche et des Médias

  14. Customer Innovation Process Leadership

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindgren, Peter; Jørgensen, Jacob Høj; Goduscheit, René Chester

    2007-01-01

    Innovation leadership has traditionally been focused on leading the companies' product development fast, cost effectively and with an optimal performance driven by technological inventions or by customers´ needs. To improve the efficiency of the product development process focus has been on diffe......Innovation leadership has traditionally been focused on leading the companies' product development fast, cost effectively and with an optimal performance driven by technological inventions or by customers´ needs. To improve the efficiency of the product development process focus has been...... on different types of organisational setup to the product development model and process. The globalization and enhanced competitive markets are however changing the innovation game and the challenge to innovation leadership Excellent product development innovation and leadership seems not any longer to enough...... another outlook to future innovation leadership - Customer Innovation Process Leadership - CIP-leadership. CIP-leadership moves the company's innovation process closer to the customer innovation process and discusses how companies can be involved and innovate in customers' future needs and lead...

  15. Le déficit de filles

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    de la population est une tendance plus récente. C. Le déficit de filles. Le déséquilibre du ratio hommes-femmes en Inde. D. R. O. I. T. S. D. E. S. F. E. M. M. E. S. E. T. P. A. R. T. IC. I. P. A. T. IO. N. C. I. T. O. Y. E. N. N. E. CENTRE DE. RECHERCHES. POUR LE. DÉVELOPPEMENT. INTERNATIONAL. CRDI : Jason Taylor ...

  16. Le Parti paysan d’union sociale

    OpenAIRE

    Bensoussan, David

    2015-01-01

    La fondation, le 11 juillet 1945 à Paris, du Parti paysan n’a sans doute guère suscité l’attention des contemporains alors immergés dans le contexte tumultueux de l’immédiat après-guerre. Il faut d’ailleurs attendre la parution, quelque temps plus tard, le 6 octobre, du premier numéro de L’Unité Paysanne, organe hebdomadaire de cette nouvelle formation politique, pour que sa naissance soit publiquement officialisée. Sans vouloir surévaluer l’importance d’une organisation qui n’arrivera jamais...

  17. Le Corbusier, Alfred Roth y el color

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angelica Fernández-Morales

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the relationship between Le Corbusier and Alfred Roth, a member of the Paris office between 1927 and 1928. It also deals with the influence that this period had with reference to an important factor in Roth’s professional development, as in Le Corbusier’s later works: the use of colour in his architecture. This article takes the position that Roth, given his close friendship with Mondrian, was an important figure in turning Le Corbusier’s work towards greater use of primary colours and aesthetic neoplasticism.

  18. Sustainable Innovation: A Competitive Advantage for Innovation Ecosystems

    OpenAIRE

    Oksanen, Kaisa; Hautamäki, Antti

    2015-01-01

    In this article, we elaborate the emerging concept of sustainable innovation and analyze the relevance of innovation as a means to solve wicked problems and enhancing sustainable well-being. We also examine the changing conditions for innovation creation: building global knowledge hubs and local innovation ecosystems. As a result, the drivers of innovation and opportunities to utilize the untapped innovation potential of people outside traditional innovation contexts are expand...

  19. Open innovation with an effective open innovation team.

    OpenAIRE

    Vanvoorden, Jonas

    2014-01-01

    This master's thesis explores how open innovation teams can successfully support open innovation inside of an organisation. Open innovation is a paradigm introduced by Henry Chesbrough (2003) a decade ago. It expands the innovation potential of organisations by opening them up to new ways of working with external partners. To implement open innovation, many companies rely on a small group of managers named open innovation teams. Although open innovation teams can potentially be vital for impl...

  20. Le soleil devient un mythe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ildikó Lőrinszky

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Partant d’une phrase énigmatique datant de 1858 et puisée dans la Correspondance de Flaubert, cet article s’interroge sur la relation entre soleil et mythe, qui constituera l’un des éléments clefs de la dimension mythologique de Salammbô. Il se propose d’examiner la façon dont cette question apparaît dans deux ouvrages représentatifs des études mythographiques : d’une part, L’Origine de tous les cultes de Charles-François Dupuis, d’autre part, Les Religions de l’Antiquité..., publié sous les noms de Frédéric Creuzer et de son adaptateur français, Joseph-Daniel Guigniault. La version française de la grande synthèse de Creuzer, assortie d’une série importante de planches, a été richement exploitée par Flaubert au cours de la genèse du roman carthaginois. Dans Salammbô, le mythe apparaît sous de multiples formes. L’analyse de ce texte peut nous amener à réfléchir sur le « bon usage » du mythe auquel chaque créateur (et chaque lecteur se trouve nécessairement confronté.Starting from an enigmatic phrase in Flaubert’s correspondence, dating from 1858, this article examines the relation between the Sun and myth, which constitutes one of the key elements of the mythological dimension of Salammbô. It especially focuses on the treatment of this question in two representative works of mythographic studies, The Origin of All Religious Worship by Charles-François Dupuis, and Les Religions de l’Antiquité..., the French adaptation of Frédéric Creuzer’s Symbolik und Mythologie der alten Völker by Joseph-Daniel Guigniault. The French version of Creuzer’s great synthesis, supplied with a remarkable set of prints, was abundantly consulted by Flaubert when writing his Carthaginian novel. In Salammbô, myth takes on various forms. Analyzing this text might lead one to reconsider “the right way” to use myths — a problem all writers (and readers find themselves confronted with.

  1. Revolution of Innovation Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brem, Alexander; Viardot, Eric

    2017-01-01

    What a change in the last three years in the realm of innovation Management! Three years ago, we concluded our book about “Evolution of Innovation Management” (Brem and Viardot 2013) by underlining some essential trends in the management of innovation. Most specifically, we stressed the importance...... of ambidexterity, which we defined as the ability of companies to realize exploration and exploitation simultaneously in their innovation management process. Some contributions in the book also emphasized the necessity to adopt a more collaborative process with external stakeholders and to move to more “open...... innovation” (Brau et al. 2013). Other authors underscored the burgeoning importance of platforms (Gawer 2014) and the nurturing of an innovation ecosystem (Thomas and Wind 2013) that federates and coordinates constitutive agents who can innovate and compete. The book had also singled out some key...

  2. Everyday-Oriented Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munnecke, Max

    The exploration of radical innovation has long been regarded as fundamental to business growth. In the 21st century, modern organisations increasingly seek to combine business innovation with the broader goal to confront social and environmental challenges. Vision projects are related phenomena...... which explore and map radical innovation opportunities within everyday activities. The aim of a vision project is to produce an innovation map that can empower an organisation to navigate between potential innovation opportunities and pro‐actively confront modern challenges for the benefit of people......, business, and society. The study addresses the concern that vision projects do not produce sufficient navigational innovation maps, and seeks to improve their quality by modelling a new methodological framework. The study was conducted as a series of four research cycles which modelled and experimented...

  3. Public sector innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wegener, Charlotte

    2012-01-01

    This paper explores the value dimension of public innovation in the light of practitioners’ values and asks why there seems to be a clash between innovation imperatives and workplace practices in the public sector. The paper contributes to the research on public innovation from a practice...... perspective by providing evidence from an ethnographic field study on innovation in social and health care studies in Denmark. These studies are part of the vocational education and training (VET) system, which combines coursework at a college and internship in the elder care sector. The study is thus cross...... initiate innovations grounded in their values. The main point put forward is that the value dimension of public innovation must be understood not only in terms of value creation (economic or non-economic), which frontline practitioners are required to contribute to, but also as value-based practices...

  4. Measuring Manufacturing Innovativeness

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blichfeldt, Henrik; Knudsen, Mette Præst

    2017-01-01

    Globalization and customization increases the pressure on manufacturing companies, and the ability to provide innovativeness is a potential source of competitive advantage. This paper positions the manufacturing entity in the innovation process, and investigates the relation between innovation vers...... technology and organizational concepts. Based on Danish survey data from the European Manufacturing Survey (EMS-2015) this paper finds that there is a relation between innovative companies, and their level of technology and use of organizational concepts. Technology and organizational concepts act...... as manufacturing levers to support the manufacturing and production system to provide innovativeness. The managerial implication lies in building manufacturing capabilities to support the innovative process, by standardization, optimization and creating stability in combination with automation and advanced...

  5. Logistics Innovation Process Revisited

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gammelgaard, Britta; Su, Shong-Iee Ivan; Yang, Su-Lan

    2011-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to learn more about logistics innovation processes and their implications for the focal organization as well as the supply chain, especially suppliers. Design/methodology/approach – The empirical basis of the study is a longitudinal action research project...... that was triggered by the practical needs of new ways of handling material flows of a hospital. This approach made it possible to revisit theory on logistics innovation process. Findings – Apart from the tangible benefits reported to the case hospital, five findings can be extracted from this study: the logistics...... innovation process model may include not just customers but also suppliers; logistics innovation in buyer-supplier relations may serve as an alternative to outsourcing; logistics innovation processes are dynamic and may improve supplier partnerships; logistics innovations in the supply chain are as dependent...

  6. Rapport financier trimestriel pour le trimestre qui a pris fin le 30 juin

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Office 2004 Test Drive User

    30 juin 2016 ... Le CRDI finance des travaux de recherche appliquée ... développement international (le Centre) et lʼévolution de la ..... voie de développement et sur la mise en oeuvre des connaissances scientifiques, techniques et autres en vue .... Les accords expirent à des dates différentes, et le dernier prend fin en.

  7. 205 Le Role de la Litterature dans le Developpement de la Nation ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ike Odimegwu

    du plaisir en même temps qu'il le moralise. Elle fait naître dans ses lecteurs ou dans son audience des .... développement de l'esprit>>(319)Par cette définition nous comprenons que le développement signale qu'il du progrès ... qu'elle est une œuvre de l'imagination qui aide l'homme à transcender le monde physique.

  8. Le « modèle germanique » Français

    OpenAIRE

    Lefebvre , Armelle

    2009-01-01

    Resume Le concept d?Allemagne permet de reveler, selon une approche , l?ampleur des desaccords ayant preside a la definition du concept d?Etat en France. De ce dernier, l?on aborde divers emplois qu?illustrent des modeles d?Etat. Le opere ainsi dans un debat qui est le creuset de la connaissance politique moderne, avec ses apories: celles de la souverainete externe, de l?ordre interetatique, de la confederation. L?article expose alo...

  9. Publications | Page 200 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Le CRDI collabore avec les chercheurs et les établissements des pays en développement au renforcement des capacités locales par le truchement du financement, de la mise en commun des connaissances et de la ... Le partage de l''information et des techniques de la communication favorise le développement durable.

  10. Publications | Page 17 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Publication du rapport de BSR sur le travail des enfants en Birmanie. Le CRDI finance plusieurs projets de recherche sur les facteurs expliquant le travail des enfants, incluant le rapport intitulé 'Child labor in Myanmar's Garment Sector' écrit récemment par l'organisme Business for Social Responsibility (BSR).

  11. Droits d'auteur | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Droits d'auteur détenus par le CRDI Sauf indication contraire, les droits d'auteur relatifs aux documents mis en ligne sur le présent site Web sont détenus par le Centre de recherches pour le développement international (CRDI).

  12. Publications | Page 103 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Le FIE 2008 fait avancer le cadre écobiosocial de l'OMS. Le Programme spécial de recherche et de formation concernant les maladies tropicales (TDR) de l'OMS a élaboré le concept du champ « écobiosocial », qui combine les perspectives écologiques, biologiques et sociales « pour mieux.

  13. Organizational Downsizing and Innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Richtnér, Anders; Åhlström, Pär

    2006-01-01

    Companies implementing a downsizing strategy aiming at increasing cost efficiency and operational effectiveness may face the fact that their innovative ability is hampered. In this paper, we develop a model of the mechanisms through which organizational downsizing affects innovation. We use existing theory to develop propositions regarding the details of how and why organizational downsizing affects innovation. Our model contains three components: a) the organization’s stock of knowledge, b) ...

  14. Business Model Innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Dodgson, Mark; Gann, David; Phillips, Nelson; Massa, Lorenzo; Tucci, Christopher

    2014-01-01

    The chapter offers a broad review of the literature at the nexus between Business Models and innovation studies, and examines the notion of Business Model Innovation in three different situations: Business Model Design in newly formed organizations, Business Model Reconfiguration in incumbent firms, and Business Model Innovation in the broad context of sustainability. Tools and perspectives to make sense of Business Models and support managers and entrepreneurs in dealing with Business Model ...

  15. Innovation policies for tourism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjalager, Anne-Mette

    2012-01-01

    The nature, extent, and implications of innovation in tourism are increasingly investigated in academic research, but the policies that affect these transformations in the industry and at tourism destinations are not equally well conceptualised theoretically or analysed empirically. The purpose...... framework of policy instruments for innovation in tourism. New generations of policies instigate a mainstreaming of the innovation agenda in ways that proceed beyond the traditional policy concepts....

  16. Explaining Management Innovation Pervasiveness

    OpenAIRE

    Harder, Mie

    2011-01-01

    Management innovation is the introduction of new management practices, processes, techniques or organizational structures that significantly alter the way the work of management is performed. This paper examines a particular characteristic of management innovation: i.e. pervasiveness. Based on the behavioral theory of the firm, the determinants of firms’ adoption of pervasive management innovations are explored. I find that performance shortfalls have a direct positive effect on t...

  17. Labor Laws and Innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Viral V. Acharya; Ramin P. Baghai; Krishnamurthy V. Subramanian

    2013-01-01

    Can stringent labor laws be efficient? Possibly, if they provide firms with a commitment device to not punish short-run failures and thereby incentivize the pursuit of value-maximizing innovative activities. In this paper, we provide empirical evidence that strong labor laws indeed appear to have an ex ante positive incentive effect by encouraging the innovative pursuits of firms and their employees. Using patents and citations as proxies for innovation and a time-varying index of labor laws,...

  18. Innovation in Family Firms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Filser, Matthias; Brem, Alexander; Gast, Johanna

    2016-01-01

    , organizational culture and behaviour, resources, and innovation and strategy. Second, based on a thorough literature review the major research avenues are reflected. The comparison of the results of both analyses showed the following areas for future research on family firm innovation: members‘ individual human...... capital and their leadership behaviour, openness to externals, cross-country comparisons, and finally the family‘s functional integrity on innovation performance....

  19. Innovation and employment

    OpenAIRE

    Vivarelli, Marco

    2015-01-01

    Studies find that technological change has contributed 
to the decline in manufacturing and to persistent unemployment in many advanced economies. While 
process innovation can be job-destroying, product innovation can imply the emergence of new firms, new sectors, and thus new jobs. But even for process innovation, the final impact on labor demand is shaped by market mechanisms that can compensate for the direct job-destroying impact if market and institutional rigidities do not impede them....

  20. Savoir gérer le mal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michel Maffesoli

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Le sens commun, conservatoire immémorial de la sagesse humaine « sait », de savoir incorporé, que le mal, l’ombre, la mort, la douleur sont des caractéristiques essentielles de l’existence en son entièreté. Dès lors les créatures quelles qu’elles soient, sont des manifestations de la vie et, dès lors, méritent une attitude « compassionnelle », fraternelle, parce qu’ensemble elles constituent le flux vital. C’est ainsi que l’on peut comprendre l’utilité sociale de ces divers « mondes intermédiaires » que sont les croyances, religieuses ou philosophiques, au « double », au « daimon », aux esprits et autres figures tutélaires ou effrayantes. Elles aident à vivre, au jour le jour, la souffrance en la communalisant.

  1. Jan Potocki et le "Gothic Novel"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finne, Jacques

    1970-01-01

    Establishes a parallel between the supernatural and fantastic qualities of Le Comte Jan Potocki's literary works, and the English gothic novels by comparing the elements of terror, mysterious atmosphere, and the supernatural beings involved. (DS)

  2. Original Paper Le champignon arbusculaire Glomus aggregatum ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Le champignon arbusculaire Glomus aggregatum améliore la nutrition minérale de ... Salinity remains a major problem for soil fertility, especially in the Sahelian zone. However, many ...... environmental gradient in the Brazilian semiarid.

  3. le des universités dans le renforcement des technologies de l ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    le des universités dans le renforcement des technologies de l'information et de la communication au service du développement (TIC-D) en Asie. Jusqu'à maintenant, les efforts déployés dans le secteur de l'enseignement supérieur ont surtout été axés sur le téléapprentissage, l'apprentissage électronique et différentes ...

  4. Entre les violences conjugales et le harcèlement moral : le stalking .

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolas Desurmont

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Ce livre de la criminologue Murielle Anteo est le premier publié en langue française sur le stalking si l’on excepte les travaux encore inédits de Virginie Léon (2004. Comme le rappelle l’auteure, le terme est emprunté à l’anglais to stalk (hanter, rôder, et désigne un comportement menaçant, initié par un individu dont l’objectif conscient ou inconscient est l’objectivation de sa victime à des fins de domination. L’agression prend différentes formes : ...

  5. Nuevo León

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Nelly Medellín Mendoza

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available El ensayo analiza la transición política nuevoleonesa a partir de un contexto de liberalización política. En Nuevo León el régimen político autoritario fue cediendo en el plano electoral, dada la presión que conjuntamente la sociedad política y la sociedad civil ejercieron por lograr reglas democráticas. Este avance gradual permitió garantizar un organismo electoral confiable y que determinó en buena medida la garantía de la alternancia en 1997. El pan fue el partido que capitalizó el bono democrático, pero una vez en la responsabilidad de gobierno, no pudo ampliar el proceso de liberalización política al mediatizar las reformas electorales y no comprometerse para sacar del atolladero legislativo las iniciativas que garantizaban mecanismos de participación ciudadana: referéndum y plebiscito.

  6. Regional Innovation Clusters

    Data.gov (United States)

    Small Business Administration — The Regional Innovation Clusters serve a diverse group of sectors and geographies. Three of the initial pilot clusters, termed Advanced Defense Technology clusters,...

  7. Innovation in practice, dialogue

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reinhard, CarrieLynn D.

    Presentation at the March 19, 2010 project meeting for the Virtual Worlds Research Group.  This presentation is the first report of research conducted in June, 2009, in how the Danish firm Innovation Lab makes sense of innovation as it relates to virtual world technologies.  The method used in th...... in this study was the focus group, modified using Dervin's Sense-Making Methodology.  This presentation focuses on how the members of Innovation Lab defined what is innovation, with discussion on whether or not having a unified definition within the organization makes the most sense....

  8. Innovation and efficiency

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haustein, H D; Maier, H

    1979-01-01

    Innovation, the process of creation, development, use, and diffusion of a new product or process for new or already-identified needs, has become a topic of concern for both developed and developing countries. Although the causes and motivations for the concern differ widely from country to country, the development of effective innovation policies is a universal problem. The International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) has been concerned with this problem for several years. The main purpose of an innovation is to improve the efficiency of the production unit that adopts the innovation, in comparison with the efficiency of the entire production system. To grasp the nature of the innovation process, its impact on the economic performance of the country, and to identify the appropriate managerial actions to shape and stimulate the innovation process, five different stages through which the innovation process usually runs are outlined. The IIASA has been concerned with supplanting the former approach of spontaneous innovation with a systems analysis approach to help implement new forms of social, innovative learning to be beneficial to mankind. 7 references, 2 figures, 1 table. (SAC)

  9. Drivers for Welfare Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wegener, Charlotte

    2015-01-01

    Innovation has become a key goal towards which teaching and workplace learning needs to be directed. Now perceived as germane and even necessary in almost all kinds of welfare work, the innovation potential in everyday practices and ways of allowing for employer creativity have become a highly...... on the empirical material, the paper proposes a ‘driver’ model for context sensitive research of innovation in welfare workplaces. The model involves three elements which can be regarded as drivers for innovation: i) craft (i.e. professional skills and knowledge), ii) levers (i.e. experiments and adjustment...

  10. Social Shaping of Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buur, Jacob; Mack, Alexandra

    - in particular in a large corporation? This workshop explores how innovation is socially shaped in organizations. Based on our experiences with practices around innovation and collaboration, we start from three proposition about the social shaping of innovation: • Ideas don't thrive as text (i.e. we need...... to consider other media) • Ideas need socialization (ideas are linked to people, we need to be careful about how we support the social innovation context) • Ideas are local (ideas spring out of a local contingency, we need to take care in how we like them to travel)....

  11. Organisations in Innovation Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borrás, Susana

    Organisations are crucial elements in an innovation system. Yet, their role is so ubiquitous that it is difficult to grasp and to examine from the perspective of public policy. Besides, links between the literature at firm and system levels on the one hand, and public policy and governance studies......, it distinguishes between different types of organisations in the innovation system, a crucial topic in understanding innovation dynamics and blurring borders. Secondly, it identifies the organisation-related bottlenecks in the innovation system, and examines the policy instruments to solve them. Thirdly...

  12. Learning to Innovate

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mei, Maggie; Laursen, Keld; Atuahene-Gima, Kwaku

    and balance) affect firms? incremental and radical innovation capabilities. Based on organizational learning theory and the dominant logic literature, we develop the theoretical arguments that the synergy of ambidexterity drives incremental innovation capability and the balance dimension of ambidexterity...... influences radical innovation capability. We conjecture that also there is an interaction effect between synergy and balance on both radical and incremental innovation capabilities. We base our empirical analysis on a survey of a wide range of high-tech firms in China. We find broad support for our...... theoretical arguments....

  13. Public Procurement and Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rolfstam, Max

    be understood as a special case of innovation, where social processes – and consequently the institutions governing these social processes – need to be considered. This book contributes to our understanding with a detailed institutional analysis of the public procurement of innovation.......Max Rolfstam examines the increasing emphasis on public procurement as a means to stimulate innovation and the theoretical implications of this policy development. While ‘regular’ public procurement may be regarded as the outcome of anonymous market processes, public procurement of innovation must...

  14. Evaluation of innovation processes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jakub Tabas

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In present, innovations are spoken as an engine of the world economy because the innovations are transforming not only business entities but the whole industries. The innovations have become a necessity for business entities in order to survive on floating challenging markets. This way, innovations are driving force of companies’ performance. The problem which arises here is a question of measurement innovation’s effect on the financial performance of company or selection between two or more possible variants of innovation’s realization. Various authors which are focused on innovations processes are divided into two groups in their attitudes towards the question of influence of innovations on financial performance of companies. One group of the authors present the idea that any reliable measurement is not possible or efficient. The second group of authors present some methods theoretically applicable on this measurement but they base their approaches mostly on the methods of measurement of investments effectiveness or they suggest employment of indicators or ratios which wouldn’t be clearly connected with the outcome of innovation process. The aim of submitted article is to compare different approaches to evaluation of the innovation processes. The authors compare various approaches here and by use of analysis and synthesis, they determine their own method how to measure outcome of innovation process.

  15. Successful innovation by motivation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petra Koudelková

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Innovation is one of the most important factors for business growth. Human capital plays a significant role in the successful process of innovation. This article deals with employee motivation in the innovation process and the main scientific aim of this study is to present results of research that was undertaken in the Czech Republic at the beginning of 2013. Questionnaires were used for the survey and statistical analyses such as Chi square test or Hierarchical cluster analysis were used for data processing. This study also provides a theoretical and practical overview of business innovation in the Czech Republic.

  16. Neighbourhood System of Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Muchie, Mammo; Kraemer-Mbula, Erika

    2010-01-01

    The innovation systems literature has provided a useful framework to analyse the linkages of firms and other organisations with both domestic and foreign actors. Although the concept of innovation systems was originally developed at the national level (Freeman, 1982; Nelson & Winter, 1982; Lundvall......, 1985; Nelson, 1988, etc), the literature has expanded rapidly over the years. Since its origins innovation systems have been defined at different levels. National, regional, local, sectoral and technological systems of innovation now constituted alternative units of analysis to better understand...

  17. Learning to Innovate

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mei, Maggie

    the relationship between organizational learning and innovation creation in an organizational context. Taking a nuanced view of organizational learning, the dissertation investigates how three different organizational learning processes could affect innovation creation at the firm level and project level...... to the understanding of managing organizational learning for innovation creation at firms. The three studies in this dissertation show how three prominent organizational learning processes impact on firms’ innovation performance. Furthermore, the studies in this dissertation emphasize that there are limitation...... and boundary conditions for different organizational learning processes....

  18. Essence: Facilitating Software Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aaen, Ivan

    2008-01-01

      This paper suggests ways to facilitate creativity and innovation in software development. The paper applies four perspectives – Product, Project, Process, and People –to identify an outlook for software innovation. The paper then describes a new facility–Software Innovation Research Lab (SIRL......) – and a new method concept for software innovation – Essence – based on views, modes, and team roles. Finally, the paper reports from an early experiment using SIRL and Essence and identifies further research....

  19. Offshoring of Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haakonsson, Stine

    2013-01-01

    This chapter is an investigation into the internationalization of innovation in the Danish food-related biotech industry. The process of the internationalization of innovation in food and ingredients into new markets has followed a similar path: first, the companies enter new markets with their p......This chapter is an investigation into the internationalization of innovation in the Danish food-related biotech industry. The process of the internationalization of innovation in food and ingredients into new markets has followed a similar path: first, the companies enter new markets...

  20. Group Innovation Ability of Agricultural Technological Innovation Strategic Alliance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chishun; MA; Jintian; YU

    2013-01-01

    Agricultural technological innovation strategic alliance, as an important form of strategic alliance, has steadily strengthened the collaborative management among organizations and raised competitive power with the backing of improved group innovation ability. This article studies innovation ability from individual innovation ability to the group innovation ability. Firstly, basic connotation of group innovation ability is to be concluded through the comparison of individual and group innovation ability. Secondly, evaluation index system is to be established based on the influencing factors of the group innovation ability of agricultural technological innovation strategic alliance and evaluation is based on three dimensions, namely organization technological innovation ability, alliance collaborative innovation ability as well as innovation environment. Furthermore, basic methods for promoting the group innovation ability of alliance are to be proposed.

  1. Le Chatelier principle in replicator dynamics

    OpenAIRE

    Allahverdyan, Armen E.; Galstyan, Aram

    2011-01-01

    The Le Chatelier principle states that physical equilibria are not only stable, but they also resist external perturbations via short-time negative-feedback mechanisms: a perturbation induces processes tending to diminish its results. The principle has deep roots, e.g., in thermodynamics it is closely related to the second law and the positivity of the entropy production. Here we study the applicability of the Le Chatelier principle to evolutionary game theory, i.e., to perturbations of a Nas...

  2. Le CRDI en Cisjordanie et à Gaza

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Stress des adolescents et conflit qui perdure. En Cisjordanie, la violence politique et le conflit qui perdure ont aggravé le stress chez les adolescents, qui constituent près de la moitié de la population. À Ramallah, plus de 3 000 adolescents de 15 à 17 ans ont été interrogés par des chercheurs de l'Université de Birzeit et de ...

  3. Le désordre du monde

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    sulaiman.adebowale

    Le début du XXIe siècle se caractérise par l'accumulation et la consécution ..... Unis a présidé à la naissance aux forceps de cet outil d'équilibre du monde en ... De toute évidence, l'ONU reste l'instrument qui a marqué le siècle dernier,.

  4. la lutte contre le SIDA au Cameroun

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Chantel

    Pour lutter contre cette pandémie, le Cameroun s'est organisé en mettant en place, avec l'aide de ses partenaires bilatéraux et ... la dérision qui faisait du SIDA 'le syndrome inventé pour décourager les ... rapidement donner une réponse médicale à la maladie. ... histoire politique, à ses susceptibilités historiques et à.

  5. LE MARCHE FINANCIER EN ALGERIE : SITUATION ET ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrateur

    marché en l'occurrence le marché financier ne représente pas un problème strictement ... variés de par le monde. Dans les pays en transition, la performance du .... Les valeurs mobilières sont constituées de deux types de titres : les titres de .... La COSOB (commission d'organisation et de surveillance des opérations de ...

  6. Le patrimoine et ses outils de gestion

    CERN Document Server

    Garcin, J

    2001-01-01

    Les principale taches de gestion du Patrimoine immobilier du CERN sont la saisie des données, leur mise à jour, l'archivage et la mise à disposition des informations. Les outils de gestion actuels : Le Système de Gestion de Base de Données Relationnelles alphanumérique ORACLE permet de gérer toutes les informations du Patrimoine, sur le réseau du CERN. Le logiciel de dessin Graphique MICROSTATION (Bentley) a été installé dans la division ST depuis fin 1991. Les plans de situation des sites, des bâtiments et locaux, des espaces confinés ont été réalisés avec ce logiciel. Les outils de demain : La mise en place du SIG (Système d'Information Graphique) STAR a été réalisée en 1993. Le transfert des plans de locaux de MICROSTATION vers STAR est en cours depuis une année environ. Le dessin de la cartographie des réseaux de canalisations Eaux Usées et Eaux Pluviales est en cours de réalisation. Le Web est l'outil de consultation de l'information par les utilisateurs.

  7. Le CERN à la Fête de la science - French version only

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    Du 9 au 15 octobre prochain, la 15e édition de la Fête de la science se déroulera partout en France. Le CERN participe à la manifestation en proposant des activités dans le Globe de la Science et de l'Innovation ainsi que des visites. Exposition: A des années-lumière L'exposition dans le Globe ouvrira exceptionnellement du 9 au 15 octobre, de 9h à 18h. Animations - Mini-Einstein: des notions de physique expliquées aux tout-petits, de 4 à 6 ans.Mercredi 11 et samedi 14 octobre, de 14h30 à 15h30. Pour les enfants accompagnés. Réservation obligatoire au + 41 22 767 76 76 Poussière d'étoiles: observez des traces de rayons cosmiques grâce à une chambre à brouillard et apprenez les bases de la détection de particules. Mercredi 11 octobre de 14 à 17h et samedi 14 octobre de 9h à 17h. Rencontre Paul Lecoq, physicien au CERN et Olivier Mundler, Professeur à l'Hôpital de la Timone (Marseille) évoqueront les retombées de la physique des particules dans le domaine de la médecine et dialogue...

  8. Le modèle québécois : Un horizon théorique pour la recherche, une porte d’entrée pour un projet de société ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benoît Lévesque

    2002-10-01

    Full Text Available Il existe un modèle québécois de développement en émergence de type partenarial. Ce modèle est différent aussi bien du modèle keynésien et fordiste de la révolution tranquille que du néolibéralisme. Par contre, ce modèle ne possède pas encore de bases solides, car insuffisamment institutionnalisées. Les traits possibles de cette nouvelle configuration ont été identifiés par les travaux du CRISES à propos des innovations sociales des deux dernières décennies initiées. Ces innovations proviennent des acteurs sociaux organisés que soit au sein des entreprises manufacturières, de certains services marchands et de l’économie sociale De plus, contrairement à ce que certains pensent, il y a une autre façon de penser le renouvellement du modèle de développement. Un mode basé sur la solidarité qui donne plus de place au partenariat et à la société civile serait le fondement de ce renouvellement.There is a Quebecois model of development in emergence of partenarial type. This model is different as well from the keynesian model and fordist of the « Révolution Tranquille » as the neoliberalism. On the other hand, this model does not still possess solid bases, because insufficiently institutionalized. The possible features of this new configuration were identified by the works of CRISES about the social innovations of both last introduced decades. These innovations result from organized social actors within the industrial companies, within the certain trade services and within the social economy Furthermore, contrary to the fact that some people think, there is another way of thinking of the renewal of the model of development. A mode based on the solidarity which gives more place to the partnership and to the civil society would be the foundation of this renewal.

  9. Variation of the material laplacian of G1 with the radius of the uranium bar; Variation du laplacien matiere de G1 avec le rayon du barreau d'uranium

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tanguy, P [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1957-07-01

    In this report are described and interpreted some experiments, carried out in the pile G1 during a period of shut-down, which have made it possible to measure the variation of the material Laplacian of the lattice with the radius of the uranium bar. The variation of the reactivity of the pile is measured when an increasing number of fuel elements are progressively replaced in the central region by fuel elements of greater diameter; it is shown that, starting from measurements based on less than ten per cent of the total number of elements, the variation of reactivity corresponding to the replacement of all the elements can be determined; it is then easy to deduce the variations of the Laplacian. Results: the variations of the Laplacian with the uranium rod diameter are 0 (d. 26 mm), +0.065 {+-} 0.004 m{sup -2} (d. 28 mm) and +0.080 {+-} 0.008 m{sup -2} (d. 32 mm). (author) [French] Dans ce rapport sont decrites et interpretees des experiences realisees sur la pile G1 'froide', experiences qui ont permis de mesurer la variation du Laplacien matiere du reseau avec le rayon du barreau d'uranium. On mesure la variation de reactivite de la pile lorsqu'on remplace progressivement dans la region centrale un nombre croissant de cartouches par des cartouches de plus gros diametre; on montre qu'a partir de mesures portant sur moins de dix pour cent du nombre total de cartouches, on peut determiner la variation de reactivite qui correspondrait au remplacement de toutes les cartouches; il est facile d'en deduire les variations du Laplacien. Resultats: les variations du Laplacien en fonction du diametre du barreau d'uranium sont: 0 (d. 26 mm), +0.065 {+-} 0.004 m{sup -2} (d. 28 mm) and +0.080 {+-} 0.008 m{sup -2} (d. 32 mm). (auteur)

  10. Le Projet d’Ole Lando sur les Contrats

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holle, Marie-Louise

    2017-01-01

    En 2016 le projet de recherche le plus important jusqu’à présent sur le droit nordique des contrats a pris fin et un livre, de presque 400 pages, en a marqué l’aboutissement. Le résultat du projet est un « restatement » tel qu’il existe aux États-Unis. Le Restatement porte sur les règles et les...

  11. Innovation in nuclear technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bertel, E.

    2007-01-01

    Innovation has been a driving force for the success of nuclear energy and remains essential for its future. For the continued safe and economically effective operation and maintenance of existing nuclear systems, and to meet the goals set out by projects aiming at designing and implementing advanced systems for the future, efficient innovation systems are needed. Consequently, analysing innovation systems is essential to understand their characteristics and enhance their performance in the nuclear sector. Lessons learnt from innovation programmes that have already been completed can help enhance the effectiveness of future programmes. The analysis of past experience provides a means for identifying causes of failure as well as best practices. Although national and local conditions are important factors, the main drivers for the success of innovative endeavors are common to all countries. Cooperation and coordination among the various actors are major elements promoting success. All interested stakeholders, including research organisations, industrial actors, regulators and civil society, have a role to play in supporting the success of innovation, but governments are an essential trigger, especially for projects with long durations and very ambitious objectives. Governments have a major role to play in promoting innovation because they are responsible for the overall national energy policy which sets the stage for the eventual deployment of innovative products and processes. Moreover, only governments can create the stable legal and regulatory framework favourable to the undertaking and successful completion of innovation programmes. International organisations such as the NEA may help enhance the effectiveness of national policies and innovation programmes by providing a forum for exchanging information, facilitating multilateral collaboration and joint endeavors, and offering technical support for the management of innovative programmes

  12. Quantitative analysis of nickel in zirconium and zircaloy; Dosage du nickel dans le zirconium et dans le zircaloy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rastoix, M [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1957-07-01

    A rapid spectrophotometric has been developed for determination of 10 to 1000 ppm of Ni in zirconium and zircaloy using dimethylglyoxime. Iron, copper, tin and chromium, do not interfere at the concentration usually present in zirconium and its alloys. (author) [French] On determine colorimetriquenent 10 a 1000 ppm de Ni dans le zirconium et le zircaloy par photo colorimetrie a 440 m{mu} de la dimethylglyoxime nickelique. Le dosage est rapide. Le fer, le cuivre, l'etain, le chrome ne genent pas aux concentrations habituellement rencontrees dans le zirconium et ses alliages. (auteur)

  13. Marketers as Innovators: how ethnic marketing revisits ethnicity Marketing ethnique et innovation aux États-Unis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Christine Pauwels

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available L’innovation aux États-Unis est ici vue sous un angle social et culturel. Il ne s’agit plus d’étudier l’innovation technologique, mais l’innovation en matière de produit. L’article aborde la création de valeur à travers la variable ethnique dans le domaine de la vente, du marketing et de la publicité. Les nouvelles tendances en matière d’ethno-marketing sont analysées, en particulier la manière dont les professionnels utilisent la notion d’ethnicité pour vendre des produits de consommation courante à un marché de consommateurs de plus en plus exigeants, soit en ayant recours à une segmentation de ces consommateurs en micro-marchés toujours plus étroits, soit en privilégiant un marketing multi- ou trans-culturel.

  14. Systèmes d'innovation des pays BRICS (Brésil, Russie, Inde, Chine ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Le Brésil, la Russie, l'Inde, la Chine et l'Afrique du Sud (dits pays BRICS) ont placé l'innovation au coeur de leur stratégie de développement. Toutefois, les chercheurs disposent de très peu de connaissances sur le système d'innovation de chacun de ces pays et sur les répercussions qu'il a sur l'économie. La subvention ...

  15. Innovation in the plural of the alpine cre-actors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andréa Finger-Stich

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The capacity to innovate for a sustainable development of alpine territories cannot depend only on economic, legal and political conditions defined by the State at national and international levels. It depends also on local conditions that situate historically and geographically the actors in a continuity of social and ecological relationships. This approach highlights the collective – thus organisational – dimensions of the innovation process, including the imagination, the development, the implementation and even the diffusion of a new practice. Our point of view is that for contributing to the sustainable development of the Alps, innovations need to change the ecological, political, social and cultural relationships engaging the actors in these territories. This change affects as much the object territory as the subject actor of the territory. This is why innovating in the Alps means also innovating the Alps and the alpine actors (Cosalp, 2008. Based on a research about local people’s participation in the management of alpine communal forests, the article shows the importance of local interactions involving actors of diverse occupation, gender, age and origins1.La capacité d’innovation pour un développement durable des territoires alpins ne peut dépendre uniquement de conditions économiques, légales et politiques définies par les Etats aux échelles nationale et internationale. Elle dépend aussi de conditions locales, qui situent historiquement et géographiquement les acteurs dans une continuité de relations sociales et écologiques. Cette perspective accentue l’importance de la dimension collective, donc organisationnelle, du processus d’innovation, allant de l’imagination, puis au développement, à la réalisation – voire la diffusion – d’une nouvelle pratique. Le point de vue de cet article est qu’une innovation, pour contribuer au développement durable des Alpes, doit changer les relations

  16. Le concept d’ethos.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernard Fusulier

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Dans cet article, l’auteur traite de la signification et de l’usage du concept d’ethos. Dans la sociologie classique, ce dernier a été utilisé pour comprendre et qualifier la rationalité socialement et éthiquement encastrée des conduites sociales. Exprimant l’intériorisation d’un principe organisateur de pratiques, dessinant une matrice globale des comportements, il est porteur d’une vision qui paraît datée à l’heure du “brouillage des classes sociales”, de la “modernité liquide” et de “l’homme pluriel”. Néanmoins, si l’on reconnaît l’existence d’un univers social non entièrement liquéfié, c’est-à-dire où continuent à exister des milieux sociaux sédimentés qui imprègnent avec plus ou moins de profondeur le système de personnalité de celui qui s’y insère durablement, l’ethos reste un concept heuristique pour saisir et interpréter les récurrences de comportements qui peuvent s’y observer. Permettant de comprendre ce que les espaces d’insertion “font aux individus” ainsi que la façon dont les principes organisateurs de pratiques entrent en transaction (en consonance, en dissonance ou en concurrence, il garde toute sa pertinence dans la boîte à outils théoriques du sociologue et de l’anthropologue d’aujourd’hui.

  17. Rescue US energy innovation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anadon, Laura Diaz; Gallagher, Kelly Sims; Holdren, John P.

    2017-10-01

    President Trump has proposed severe cuts to US government spending on energy research, development and demonstration, but Congress has the `power of the purse' and can rescue US energy innovation. If serious cuts are enacted, the pace of innovation will slow, harming the economy, energy security and global environmental quality.

  18. Revolution in innovation management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brem, Alexander; Viardot, Eric

    2017-01-01

    Why another book on innovation, and why use the big word "revolution"? The simple answer to this question is the fact that we believe the time is right to explore what could be the next phase of innovation management not only in corporate practice, but also in the academic field....

  19. Being an information innovator

    CERN Document Server

    Rowley, Jennifer

    2012-01-01

    This groundbreaking book is the first to discuss and apply the rhetoric and theories of innovation and entrepreneurship in information organizations. It both celebrates existing examples of good practice, and promotes the development of innovative and entrepreneurial behaviour at all organizational levels.

  20. 16 tales of innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    16 Tales of Innovation are told by 16 leaders, who have completed the LAICS executive master program, a collaboration between Aarhus University and Copenhagen Business School. The book is based on their Master theses and illustrates how they have experimented with different innovation tools, models...