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Sample records for ingo valgma veiko

  1. Killustikukivi ressurss Eestis / Aire Västrik, Ingo Valgma

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Västrik, Aire, 1981-

    2008-01-01

    Tallinna Tehnikaülikooli mäeinstituudi uuringust, milles vaadeldi peamisi Tallinna ja selle lähiümbrust killustikuga varustavaid paekarjääre Väo, Harku ja Maardu lubjakivimaardlates. Tabelid: Ehituslubjakivi varu Eestis 2006. aasta seisuga; Tallinnast 50 km kaugusel asuvate paekarjääride ja -maardlate varud seisuga 1. jaanuar 2005

  2. Ingo Schwarz zum 65. Geburtstag

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Die Mitarbeiterinnen und Mitarbeiter der Alexander-von-Humboldt-Forschungsstelle

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Am 17. Dezember 2014 feiert der langjährige Arbeitsstellenleiter der Alexander-von-Humboldt-Forschungsstelle der Berlin-Brandenburgischen Akademie der Wissenschaften Ingo Schwarz seinen 65. Geburtstag. Aus diesem Anlass haben Freunde, Kollegen und Wegbegleiter Beiträge zusammengetragen, die die Bandbreite der jahrzehntelangen Forschungen Ingo Schwarz’ zu Alexander von Humboldt widerspiegeln.

  3. How should INGOs allocate resources?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Scott Wisor

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available International Non-governmental Organizations (INGOs face difficult choices when choosing to allocate resources. Given that the resources made available to INGOs fall far short of what is needed to reduce massive human rights deficits, any chosen scheme of resource allocation requires failing to reach other individuals in great need. Facing these moral opportunity costs, what moral reasons should guide INGO resource allocation? Two reasons that clearly matter, and are recognized by philosophers and development practitioners, are the consequences (or benefit or harm reduction of any given resource allocation and the need (or priority of individual beneficiaries. If accepted, these reasons should lead INGOs to allocate resources to a limited number of countries where the most prioritarian weighted harm reduction will be achieved. I make three critiques against this view. First, on grounds the consequentialist accepts, I argue that INGOs ought to maintain a reasonably wide distribution of resources. Second, I argue that even if one is a consequentialist, consequentialism ought not act as an action guiding principle for INGOs. Third, I argue that additional moral reasons should influence decision making about INGO resource allocation. Namely, INGO decision making should attend to relational reasons, desert, respect for agency, concern for equity, and the importance of expressing a view of moral wrongs.

  4. Understanding Contemporary Challenges to INGO Legitimacy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Walton, Oliver; Davies, Thomas; Thrandardottir, Erla

    2016-01-01

    In recent years, INGO legitimacy has been subject to growing scrutiny from analysts and practitioners alike. Critics have highlighted a backlash against INGOs in the Global South, a growing mismatch between INGO capacities and contemporary global challenges, and diminishing support for norms...... such as democracy and human rights that underpin INGOs’ work. Though these problems have attracted significant attention within the academic literature, this article argues that existing explorations of INGO legitimacy have broadly conformed either to a top-down approach focused on global norms and institutions...... or a bottom-up approach focused on the local dynamics surrounding states and populations in the Global South. We suggest that this divide is is unhelpful for understanding the current predicament and propose a new approach, which pays closer attention to the interaction between bottom-up and top...

  5. Lavakooli kajakaparv NO linnuriigis / Veiko Märka

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Märka, Veiko, 1964-

    2007-01-01

    Anton Tšehhovi "Kajakas" teatris NO99, lavastaja Ingo Normet, osades lavakunstikooli 23. lennu kolmanda kursuse tudengid. Etendused NOteatris. Lisaks lavastaja ja teatripedagoogi kommentaar "Ingo Normet pühkis Tšehhovilt eksootikavõõba"

  6. Askeet ja stoik / Veiko Õunpuu ; interv. Margit Tõnson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Õunpuu, Veiko, 1972-

    2007-01-01

    Režissöör Veiko Õunpuu mängufilm "Sügisball" osaleb Venezia 64. filmifestivali konkursiprogrammis Orizzonti. Režissöör endast. Lisaks CV "Veiko Õunpuu", Rain Tolk "Ambivalentne isiksus" ja Taavi Eelmaa "Ghost Dog"

  7. Veiko Õunpuu polutshit premiju ot ES

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Cannes'i filmifestivali raames toimuval Euroopa päeval antakse filmirežissöör Veiko Õunpuule üle Euroopa Talendi auhind (European Talent Prize) mängufilmiprojekti "Püha Tõnu Kiusamine" eest (produtsent Katrin Kissa)

  8. Veiko Õunpuu astub Cannes'is punasele vaibale

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Cannes'i filmifestivali raames toimuval Euroopa päeval antakse filmirežissöör Veiko Õunpuule üle Euroopa Talendi auhind (European Talent Prize) mängufilmiprojekti "Püha Tõnu Kiusamine" eest (produtsent Katrin Kissa)

  9. Bridging the Legitimacy Gap: A Proposal for the International Legal Recognition of INGOs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thrandardottir, Erla; Keating, Vincent Charles

    2018-01-01

    In this paper we argue that there is a gap between the de facto and de jure legitimacy of international non-governmental organizations (INGOs) that requires more consideration from scholars who study their role in the international system. The gradual acceptance of INGOs as de facto legitimate...... actors can be seen in the long-term expansion of their role in international norm deliberation. Despite this development, most INGOs still lack international legal recognition, and thus de jure legitimacy. We argue that this gap between de facto and de jure legitimacy creates problems for both INGOs...... and members of international society. In seeking to address this disjunction, we highlight the limits of the current literature in understanding legitimacy as primarily sociological phenomena through an examination of the accountability agenda. We then propose a template for INGO legal recognition based...

  10. Keegi ei tea mu nime : [luuletused] / Veiko Märka

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Märka, Veiko, 1964-

    2002-01-01

    Tõlgitud Veiko Märka luulekogust "Tühja aju korinad". Sisu: Keegi ei tea mu nime = Kukaan ei tiedä mun nimee ; "Kui ma kuulen sõnu..." = "Kun kuulen ilmauksen..." ; "Esimese..." = "Ensimmäisenä..." ; "Igal hommikul..." = "Joka aamu..." / tlk. Hannu Oittinen. Väike perenaine = Pikku perheenäiti / tlk. Hannu Oittinen ja Tuglas-seuran kääntäjäpiiri. Progressi triumf : (Poeem) = Kehityksen voitto : (Runoelma) / tlk. Hannu Oittinen. Minimalistlikud muinasjutud = Minimalistisia satuja / tlk. Heli Laaksonen ja Hannu Oittinen. Kõige turvalisem seks = Turvallisinta seksiä ; Abistame Aafrikat! = Autetaan Afrikkaa! ; "Taome..." = "Taotaan..." ; "Edasi..." = "Eteenpäin..." ; "Isegi juhus..." = "Edes sattuma..." ; "Miinus ja miinus..." = "Miinus ja miinus..." / tlk. Hannu Oittinen. Leijonien pakottaja ; Kotka ja Vaasa: Ystävyyskaupunkit

  11. Veiko Õunpuu pälvis Euroopa Talendi auhinna / Ain Lember

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lember, Ain

    2008-01-01

    Cannes'i filmifestivali raames toimuval Euroopa päeval antakse filmirežissöör Veiko Õunpuule üle Euroopa Talendi auhind (European Talent Prize) mängufilmiprojekti "Püha Tõnu Kiusamine" eest (produtsent Katrin Kissa). MEDIA Desk Eesti juht Anu Ernits peab seda suureks võiduks kogu Eesti filmile

  12. Suurimad rõõmuhetked on proovides / Ingo Normet ; intervjueerinud Tiina Sarv

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Normet, Ingo, 1946-

    2009-01-01

    Ugalas peatselt publiku ette jõudva Kay Pollaki näidendi "Nii nagu taevas" lavastaja Ingo Normetiga näidendist, lavastaja osast loo valmimisel, tööst lavakunstikooli õppejõu ja juhatajana, teatriõppest Viljandis

  13. Arm chair activism: Serious games usage by INGOs for educational change

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    P.A. Arora (Payal); S. Itu

    2012-01-01

    textabstractThe battle between educators and entertainers continue when it comes to gaming. While this is so, the edutainment battleground has expanded to include actors outside formal schooling agencies, namely International Non-Governmental Organizations (INGOs). These actors employ digital games

  14. Arm Chair Activism: Serious Games Usage by INGOs for Educational Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arora, Payal; Itu, Sorina

    2012-01-01

    The battle between educators and entertainers continues when it comes to gaming. While this is so, the edutainment battleground has expanded to include actors outside formal schooling agencies, namely International Non-Governmental Organizations (INGOs). These actors employ digital games with the aim to educate and activate towards specific social…

  15. INTERNATIONAL NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS (INGOs IN THE EVENTS OF THE «ARAB SPRING» IN EGYPT: ROLE, MECHANISMS OF INTERFERENCE AND RESULTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    А В Шитова

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available “Arab spring” has launched a process of large-scale political transformation of the countries in the North Africa and the Middle East. There are many “points of tension” in the region of North Africa, in which converge the political and economic interests of external actors, including international non-governmental organizations (INGOs. The lobbying of democratic values as opposed to clan interests led to the strengthening of the role of the West in relation to the state and public institutions of the North Africa and the Middle East. Moreover, academic community recognizes that currently INGOs actively participate in modern international relations, in internal policy of the countries where they perform their activities. Their actions have even more significant impact during the times when the political regimes change. This article aims to analyze the activities of INGOs before, during and after the change of H. Mubarak’s government in Egypt, under the governments of M. Mursi and A.F. As-Sisi (2010-2016 gg.. The article deals with several active INGOs of the “Arab Spring”, such as National Democratic Institute, International Republican Institute, Carter Center and other. The analysis of the activities of the above-mentioned INGO allows us to draw conclusions about their strategies, methods, and instruments of modern technologies facilitating the change of the political regime. The most common mechanisms of INGOs influence on political transition were participation in or-ganization of the electoral process, organization of election campaigns, seminars, consultations for civil society that promote the emergence of new potential political leaders. Great attention in this article is paid to the socio-economic situation in Egypt after the mass unrest. The author shows how the external forces behind foreign NGOs contributed to the political transition, and relates to the ambiguous results for population it has brought. Methodological

  16. Using group consciousness theories to understand political activism: case studies of Barack Obama, Hillary Clinton, and Ingo Hasselbach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duncan, Lauren E

    2010-12-01

    I describe and integrate several theories of group consciousness and collective action, along with 3 case studies of political activists. I have 2 goals: (1) to use the theories to help us understand something puzzling about each life and (2) to use the cases to complicate and expand the theories. Barack Obama's case raises the question of how someone with a politicized Black identity evolved into a politician working for all oppressed people and complicates racial identity development theory. Hillary Clinton's case raises the question of how a middle-class White girl raised in a conservative family became a prominent Democratic Party politician and complicates group consciousness theories by demonstrating the importance of generation and personality. Ingo Hasselbach's (a former German neo-Nazi leader) case illustrates relative deprivation theory and raises the question of whether theories developed to explain subordinate group consciousness can be applied to movements of dominant group consciousness. © 2010 The Author. Journal of Personality © 2010, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  17. Remote viewing with the artist Ingo Swann: neuropsychological profile, electroencephalographic correlates, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and possible mechanisms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Persinger, M A; Roll, W G; Tiller, S G; Koren, S A; Cook, C M

    2002-06-01

    In the present study, the artist Ingo Swann, who helped develop the process of remote viewing (awareness of distant objects or places without employing normal senses), was exposed during a single setting of 30 min. to specific patterns of circumcerebral magnetic fields that significantly altered his subjective experiences. Several times during subsequent days, he was asked to sit in a quiet chamber and to sketch and to describe verbally distant stimuli (pictures or places) beyond his normal senses. The proportions of unusual 7-Hz spike and slow wave activity over the occipital lobes per trial were moderately correlated (rho=.50) with the ratings of accuracy between these distal, hidden stimuli and his responses. A neuropsychological assessment and Magnetic Resonance Imaging indicated a different structural and functional organization within the parieto-occipital region of the subject's right hemisphere from organizations typically noted. The results suggest that this type of paranormal phenomenon, often dismissed as methodological artifact or accepted as proofs of spiritual existence, is correlated with neurophysiological processes and physical events. Remote viewing may be enhanced by complex experimentally generated magnetic fields designed to interact with the neuromagnetic "binding factor" of consciousness.

  18. Kolmas mask : Eesti kutselise teatri sünniloo käsitlused tänapäeva lavadel / Veiko Märka

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Märka, Veiko, 1964-

    2006-01-01

    Veiko Märka, Katri Aaslav-Tepandi, Raivo Adlas, Andrus Kivirähk, Jaanus Rohumaa ja Ilmar Raag teevad kokkuvõtteid Eesti kutselise teatri sünniloo käsitlustest nii teatris kui kinos. Vaatluse all on lavastused : Ilmar Külveti "Menning" Vanemuises (1990) Raivo Adlase lavastuses, Jaanus Rohumaa/Mari Tuulingu "Ainus ja igavene elu" Tallinna Linnateatris (1996) Jaanus Rohumaa lavastuses, "Udumäe kuningas" Palamuse harrastusteatris (2003), autor ja lavastaja Raivo Adlas, Andrus Kivirähki "Adolf Rühka lühikene elu" Eesti Draamateatris (2005) Ingomar Vihmari lavastuses ja "Libahundi needus" (ETV ja Shop of Dreams, 2005), režissöör Rainer Sarnet, stsenaristid Ilmar Raag, Margus Kasterpalu, Rainer Sarnet

  19. Sündimus / Ülle Valgma

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Valgma, Ülle

    2007-01-01

    Alanud aastatuhandel on sündimus Eestis arenenud tõusvas joones. On raske vahet teha, kuivõrd mõjutab sündimust rakendunud vanemahüvitis või positiivsed arengud majanduses. Lisatud graafikud ja diagrammid

  20. Plaadid / Veiko Pesur

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pesur, Veiko

    2007-01-01

    Uutest heliplaatidest Destruction "Thrash Anthems", Big Bang "Essential Selection", Metropolitan Jazz Affair "Bird Of Spring", Tallinna Tehnikaülikooli Akadeemiline Naiskoor "Nagu puhas mõte", guano Apes "the Best Of", Moby "Go ئ The Very Best Of Moby Remixed"

  1. Ulmekaravan liigub / Veiko Belials

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Belials, Veiko, 1966-

    2001-01-01

    Arvustus: Hargla, Indrek. Pan Grpowski üheksa juhtumit. Tallinn : Kuldsulg, 2001 ; Berg, Lew R. Tempel selvas. Tallinn : Salasõna, 2001 ; Veskimees, Siim. Operatsioon "Ogaline Päike. Tallinn : Fantaasia, 2001

  2. Plaadid / Veiko Pesur

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pesur, Veiko

    2006-01-01

    Uutest heliplaatidest Iron Maiden "A Matter of Life and Death", Quantic "An Announcement To Answer", The Answer "Rise", Amp Fiddler "Afro Strut", Honey Power "Macrosilly", Paris Hilton "Paris", Marie Fredriksson "Min Bäste vän"

  3. Plaadid / Veiko Pesur

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pesur, Veiko

    2006-01-01

    Uutest heliplaatidest Slayer "Christ Illusion", Ro: Toro "Estonian bagpipe", The Broken Keys "Gravity", Vägilased "Ema õpetus", "Miame Vice", Christina Aguilera "Back To Basics", Donovan Frankenreiter "Move By Yourself"

  4. Eddy covariance N2O flux measurements at low flux rates: results from the InGOS campaign in a Danish willow field.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ibrom, Andreas; Brümmer, Christian; Hensen, Arjan; van Asperen, Hella; Carter, Mette S.; Gasche, Rainer; Famulari, Daniela; Kutsch, Werner; Pilegaard, Kim; Ambus, Per

    2014-05-01

    Nitrous oxide (N2O) fluxes from soils are characterised by their high spatial and temporal variability. The fluxes depend on the availability of the substrates for nitrification and denitrification and soil physical and chemical conditions that control the metabolic microbial activity. The sporadic nature of the fluxes and their high sensitivity to alterations of the soil climate put very high demands on measurement approaches. Laser spectroscopy enables accurate and fast response detection of atmospheric N2O concentrations and is used for eddy covariance (EC) flux measurements. Alternatively N2O fluxes can be measured with chambers together with high precision analysers. Differences in the measurement approaches and system designs are expected to have a considerable influence on the accuracy of the flux estimation. This study investigates how three different eddy covariance systems perform in a situation of low N2O fluxes from a flat surface. Chamber flux measurements with differing chamber and analyser designs are used for comparison. In April 2013, the EU research infrastructure project InGOS (http://www.ingos-infrastructure.eu/) organised a campaign of N2O flux measurements in a willow plantation close to the Risø Campus of the Technical University of Denmark. The willow field was harvested in February 2013 and received mineral fertiliser equivalent to 120 kg N ha-1 before the campaign started. Three different eddy covariance systems took part in the campaign: two Aerodyne quantum cascade laser (QCL) based systems and one Los Gatos Research off-axis integrated-cavity-output spectroscopy (ICOS) system for N2O and CO. The sonic anemometers were all installed at 2 m height above the bare ground. Gill R3 type sonic anemometers were used with QCL systems and a Gil HS-50 with the ICOS system. The 10 Hz raw data were analysed with group specific softwares and procedures. The local conditions in the exceptionally cold and dry spring 2013 did not lead to large N2O flux

  5. Gewaltenteilung im Rechsstaat und europäische Geschichte. 3 : Vorträge am Staatsgerichtshof und am Historischen Seminar der Universität Tartu (Dorpat)/Estland / Ingo von Münch, Niels von Redecker ; Forum Academicum Inter Nationes ; Roela Uemõisa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Münch, Ingo von

    1998-01-01

    Sisaldab: Die Gewaltenteilung im Rechtstaat = Võimude lahususe printsiip õigusriigis / Ingo von Münch ; Can we have a European history / Niels von Redecker ; The Ostpolitik of Willy Brandt / Niels von Redecker

  6. Mooste kunstitalgud edenevad / Veiko Märka

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Märka, Veiko, 1964-

    2002-01-01

    Mõtte- ja keskkonnakunsti talgud Postsovkhoz2 9.-18. aug. Osa võttis kunstnikke Eestist, Soomest, Inglismaalt ja Hispaaniast. Nimed. Tegevuskunsti, installatsioonide kirjeldus. Mooste Külalisstuudios (MOKS) avati hispaania maalikunstnik Jorge Tarazona näitus

  7. Plaadid / Veiko Pesur, Tiiu Laks, Mart Normet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pesur, Veiko

    2008-01-01

    Uutest heliplaatidest Shower, Nice Try ja Jim Arrow & The Anachrones "Eesti Rock Antoloogia", Eskimo "Psst! pole sõnu sõnumiks tarvis", Tanel Padar & The Sun "Veidi valjem kui vaikus II", Liisi Koikson "Väikeste asjade võlu"

  8. Minimalistlikud muinasjutud / Veiko Märka

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Märka, Veiko, 1964-

    2007-01-01

    Sisu: Feodaalkord Lapimaal ; Taimetoitlase õudusunenägu ; Savisaare pilt ; Mis mulle meenub, nähes lepatriinut? ; Viagra võluvägi ; Uskumatu loomaporno ; Tunne oma kodumaad ; Tunne oma kodumaad 2. ; Üleskutse Polüneesia puuviljakasvatajatele ; EELK peapiiskopi maja ; Stalingradi lahing ; Tark mees ; Teine Arnold ; Kolmas Arnold

  9. Demograafiline üldpilt = Overall demographic situation / Ülle Valgma

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Valgma, Ülle

    2006-01-01

    Euroopa Liidu riikides, k.a Eestis, loetakse vanuriea alguseks 65. eluaastat. 2006. a. 1. jaanuari seisuga elas Eestis arvestuslikult 225 066 vähemalt 65-aastast inimest, naisi 150 448 ja mehi 74 618. Rahvastiku vananemine, vanurite osatähtsus täisealises rahvastikus. Graafik, tabelid, diagrammid

  10. Plaadid / Maris Meiesaar, Tui Hirv, Veiko Pesur...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Uutest heliplaatidest Elbow "The Seldom Seen Kid", Bonzo "Ei saa mitte vaiki olla", Cavalera Conspiracy "Inflikted", Tiit Kaluste Jump Band "Prantsuse spetsaliteet", Gnarls Barkley "The Odd Couple", Counting Crows "Saturday Nights & Sunday Mornings"

  11. Kuus, kes kuidagi kokku ei saa / Veiko Märka

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Märka, Veiko, 1964-

    1999-01-01

    Arvustus: Merca [Jääger, Merle]. Vana libu hommik; Ruitlane, Olavi. Inemise sisu; Contra [Konnula, Margus]. Päike ja lamp; Ilves, Aapo. Üks pedajas; Pai, Tiina. Armastab mõrvatud haldjaid; Tamme, Villu. Sorlimeki plät. Kõik : Tartu : Eesti Kostabi $eltsi Kaasaegse Kirjanduse Keskus, 1998

  12. Kultussari maalt ja merelt / Veiko Märka

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Märka, Veiko, 1964-

    2009-01-01

    1950-1960ndatel ilmunud Eesti Riikliku Kirjastuse raamatusarjast "Seiklusjutte maalt ja merelt". Ka kirjastuse Jutulind väljaandel ilmunud Richard Kaljo illustratsioonidest Dumas' teostele "Musketärid" (2008) ja Tõnu Trubetsky teosest "Mina ja George" (1996, kasutas sarja "Seklusjutte..." kujundust)

  13. 1 : ehitusmaterjalide ja -toodete kajastamisest ehitusprojektis / Kristjan Tamm, Veiko Vaske

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tamm, Kristjan

    2013-01-01

    Terminoloogiast ja mõistetest ehitusseaduse, asjaõigusseaduse, määruse "Nõuded ehitusprojektile" ja standardite EV 811:2012 ning EVS 907:2010 kohaselt. Ehitusprojektist kui tellija juhisest eraõiguslikes suhetes ja riigihanke menetluses

  14. Karm teater karmis Tartus / Veiko Märka

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Märka, Veiko, 1964-

    1999-01-01

    Viienda Dionysia festivali tantsuetendustest : Taipei Dance Circle "Ood kingloomale" Vanemuises, eesti noorte koreograafide "Öö kaasaegse tantsuga", Von Krahli "Kodanikud!", EMA Lavakunstikooli XIX lennu "Ükskord Hispaanias", Vanemuise - Dionysia "Lysistrate"

  15. Kogumikud / Priit Pruul, Veiko Pesur, Mihkel Raud...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Uutest heliplaatidest "Magic Nordic Voices", Godsmack "Good Times, Bad Times... Ten Years Of Godsmack", Chicago "The Best Of Chicago", Nelly Furtado "Loose ئ The Concert", "Triptease Vol. 1", Texas "The BBC Sessions", Nana Mouskouri "The Ultimate Collection"

  16. Surnud mehe käsi / Veiko Belials

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Belials, Veiko, 1966-

    1997-01-01

    Arvustus: Asimov, Isaac. Asum / inglise k. tlk. Linda Ariva. Tallinn : Eesti Raamat, 1985. (Mirabilia); Asimov, Isaac. Asum ja impeerium / inglise k. tlk. Linda Ariva. Tallinn : Eesti Raamat, 1989. (Mirabilia); Asimov, Isaac. Teine asum / inglise k. tlk. Indrek Elling. Tallinn : Eesti Raamat, 1996. (Mirabilia)

  17. Plaadid / Mait Eelrand, Toomas Puna, Veiko Pesur...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Uutest heliplaatidest Wolf & Cub "Vessels", Karl MAdis & Karavan "Taevalik meloodia ئ Nat King Cole'i laule", Sophie Ellis-Bextor "Trip The Light Fantastic", Him "Uneasy Listening 1&2", Kognito "Muutuv"

  18. Plaadid / Mart Kalvet, Urmas Piht, Veiko Mölder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalvet, Mart, 1975-

    2008-01-01

    Uutest heliplaatidest Heavy Metal Perse "Eripura", Impaled "The Last Gasp", Legion Of The Damned "Feel The Blade", Manngard "European Cowards", October Falls "Streams Of The End", Poropetra "Sinihirwi", Riverside "Rapid Eye Movement"

  19. Halb raamat ja veel parem raamat / Veiko Märka

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Märka, Veiko, 1964-

    1998-01-01

    Arvustus: Remsu, Olev. Tšingis-khaan on Ungern-Sternberg : näidend. Tallinn : Perioodika, 1997. (Loomingu Raamatukogu; 1997, 35); Remsu, Olev. Artur Magnussoni suur sõjasuvi : lühiromaan. Tallinn : Eesti Raamat, 1997

  20. Kas tunned maad Tobiki rannal? / Veiko Märka

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Märka, Veiko, 1964-

    2009-01-01

    Roman Baskini lavastatud komöödia "Augustikuu teemaja" Maanteemuuseumis. Autor John Patrick, mängivad mitmed harrastusteatrite näitlejad, teiste hulgas MTÜ Vilde Teatri liikmed. Peaosas Marko Matvere

  1. Kolm, keda miski ei seo / Veiko Märka

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Märka, Veiko, 1964-

    2004-01-01

    Arvustus: Jõerüüt, Jaak. Uus raamat : [luuletused]. Tallinn : Tuum, 2004 ; Maiste, Juhan. In Arcadia ego : [luuletused]. Tallinn : J. Maiste, 2004 ; Essa, Maario. Kellegi teise muru : debüütluulekogu. Tallinn : SE & JS, 2004 ;

  2. Sünnid ema hariduse järgi aastatel 1989-2001 / Ülle Valgma

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Valgma, Ülle

    2006-01-01

    Muutused Eesti majandus- ja sotsiaalsfääris mõjutasid elanike hariduse omandamist, mis peegeldus ka sünnitajate haridustasemes: suurenes nii kõrg- kui ka põhiharidusega sünnitajate osatähtsus. Graafikud. Diagrammid. Tabel

  3. Laste sünd ja kasvukeskkond = Birth of children and growing enviroment / Ülle Valgma

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Valgma, Ülle

    2006-01-01

    2005. aastal sündis Eestis 14 350 last - 7486 poissi ja 6864 tüdrukut, soosuhe tasakaalustub kahekümnendate eluaastate lõpuks kolmekümnendate alguseks meeste suurema suremuse tõttu. Eesti keskmine sünnitaja, esmasabiellujate vanus, väljaspool abielu sündinute arv, alaealiste lastega taasloodud perekonnad, alaealiste poiste ja tüdrukute kasvukeskkond. Tabelid, graafikud, diagrammid

  4. Mined-out land

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Reinsalu, Enno; Toomik, Arvi; Valgma, Ingo

    2002-01-01

    Estonian mineral resources are deposited in low depth and mining fields are large, therefore vast areas are affected by mining. There are at least 800 deposits with total area of 6,000 km 2 and about the same number of underground mines, surface mines, peat fields, quarries, and sand and gravel pits. The deposits cover more than 10% of Estonian mainland. The total area of operating mine claims exceeds 150 km 2 that makes 0.3 % of Estonian area. The book is written mainly for the people who are living or acting in the area influenced by mining. The observations and research could benefit those who are interested in geography and environment, who follow formation and look of mined-out landscapes. The book contains also warnings for careless people on and under the surface of the mined-out land. Part of the book contains results of the research made in 1968-1993 by the first two authors working at the Estonian branch of A.Skochinsky Institute of Mining. Since 1990, Arvi Toomik continued this study at the Northeastern section of the Institute of Ecology of Tallinn Pedagogical University. Enno Reinsalu studied aftereffects of mining at the Mining Department of Tallinn Technical University from 1998 to 2000. Geographical Information System for Mining was studied by Ingo Valgma within his doctoral dissertation, and this book is one of the applications of his study

  5. Power and Relation in the World Polity: The INGO Network Country Score, 1978-1998

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hughes, Melanie M.; Peterson, Lindsey; Harrison, Jill Ann; Paxton, Pamela

    2009-01-01

    World polity theory is explicitly relational, implying a global network structure that exists outside of the nation-state. And world polity theory increasingly acknowledges power--that some states and regions are dominant in the international field. But current world polity measures of international non-governmental organizations do not…

  6. Didactic or Dialogical? The Shifting Nature of INGO Development Education Programming in England and Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weber, Nadya

    2017-01-01

    This paper looks at the changing nature of international development nongovernmental organizations' development education programming in England and Canada. A documentary analysis of the changes in Save the Children Canada and Save the Children UK's development education materials illuminates the shift in international development agencies'…

  7. [Lutsuvad kivid : helisalvestis : kirjanikud muusikas / koostanud Aapo Ilves] / Veiko märka

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Märka, Veiko, 1964-

    2013-01-01

    CD “Lutsuvad kivid. Kirjanikud muusikas” on valminud Tartu Oskar Lutsu nim. Linnaraamatukogu ja Tartu kirjandusfestivali Prima Vista ühisel ettevõtmisel, et tähistada kaht sünnipäeva – Lutsu raamatukogu 100 ja Prima Vista 10

  8. Andres Võsand: hakkan ilmselt elukutseliseks kunstnikuks / Andres Võsand ; intervjueerinud Veiko Visnapuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Võsand, Andres, 1966-

    2010-01-01

    Intervjuu Saksaamaal elava tennisisti Andres Võsandiga, kelle maalinäitus "Värvireisid" on avatud Kadriorus Kastellaanimaja Galeriis 30.10-28.11.2010. Tegelemisest maalikunstiga, näitusest, reisidest inspireeritud loomingust, tööst tennisetreenerina, tennisekarjäärist. Andmeid A. Võsandi elukäigu kohta

  9. Amatööride pidu lõimuval teatrimaastikul / Veiko Märka

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Märka, Veiko, 1964-

    2003-01-01

    Harrastusteatrite festivalist, pikemalt peapreemia võitnud Võru Teatriateljee lavastusest "Ennola", Põltsamaa teatri "Ellunäod" lavastusest "Kes kardab Virginia Woolfi?", Saaremaa seeniorteatri "Põrgupõhja uuest Vanapaganast" ja Narva teatri Ruum 16 lavastusest "Lind". Arvamusi avaldavad ka P. Raudsepp, M. Kolk, J. Urvet, E. Siimer ja S. Karja

  10. Öö, toolid ja vihased mehed / Veiko Märka

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Märka, Veiko, 1964-

    1998-01-01

    Reginald Rose'i 'Kaksteist vihast meest' (lav. Mikk Mikiver) ja William Shakespeare'i 'Kaheteistkümnes öö' (lav. Finn Poulsen) Vanemuise teatris. Ilja Ilfi ja Jevgeni Petrovi '12 tooli' Vanalinnastuudios (dramatiseerinud Priit Aimla-Eino Baskin, lavastaja Eino Baskin)

  11. Pärast kõike / intervjueerinud Veiko Märka

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1998-01-01

    Vestlusring: Ain Mäeots, Merle Jääger, Helena Merzin, Margus Jaanovits, Riho Kütsar. Madis Kõivu võrukeelse näidendi 'Omavahelisi jutuajamisi tädi Elliga' lavastamisest Vanemuise teatris, lavastaja Ain Mäeots. Ka Kauksi Ülle kommentaar

  12. Muudatused tulekahjuhäiresüsteemide ehitamisel / Veiko Jürisson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jürisson, Veiko, 1956-2008

    2005-01-01

    Tulekahju-signalisatsioonisüsteemi ehitusele eelneva kirjaliku nõusoleku taotlemisest kohalikult omavalitsuselt, valminud süsteemi üleandmisest omanikule ning automaatse tulekahjuhäiresüsteemi kasutusloa andmisest

  13. Sügavalt miibi sisse astunud tartlased / Veiko Märka

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Märka, Veiko, 1964-

    2006-01-01

    Arvustus: Tekstilääts. Kangelasema toitepiim: miip-, mikro-, eksp-kirjanduse antoloogia / koost. Kiwa. Tartu : ID Salong, 2006; Tartu on unenägu / toim. Krista Ojasaar, Berk Vaher. Tartu : EKS, 2006

  14. Maailma jalgpallis valitseb nooruslik uljus / Aet Süvari, Veiko Visnapuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Süvari, Aet, 1977-

    2007-01-01

    Täna õhtul selgub Zürichis rahvusvahelise jalgpalliliidu FIFA galaõhtul, kes on 2007. aasta parim jalgpallur. Sõelale on jäänud kolm meest - Cristiano Ronaldo dos Santos Aveiro, Lionel Andres Messi ja Ricardo Izecson dos Santos Leite

  15. Seitse luuleraamatut, seitse debüüti / Veiko Märka

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Märka, Veiko, 1964-

    2006-01-01

    Arvustus: Teede, Andra. Takso Tallinna taevas. Luige : Verb, 2006 ; Vabat, Martin. Mina olengi kirjandusklassik. Tartu : Eesti Kirjanduse Selts, 2006 ; Kangro, Maarja. Kurat õrnal lumel. Luige : Verb, 2006 ; Ojasaar, Krista. Hommikused unenäod. Tartu : Ilmamaa, 2006 ; Korts, Eliina. Lööklaused murravad metsi. Tartu : Eesti Kirjanduse Selts, 2006 ; Piik, Paavo. Kummuli linnad. Tallinn : Tuum, 2006 ; Oidsalu, Meelis. Jumala kihvt luulekogu. Tallinn : Sirp ja Vaseliin, 2006

  16. Nipernaadid udus : A. Gailiti "Toomas Nipernaadi" retseptsioonist eesti teatris ja kinos / Veiko Märka

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Märka, Veiko, 1964-

    2003-01-01

    K. Kiisa film "Nipernaadi", sellesuvised vabaõhulavastused Ugalas ja Emajõe Suveteatris, lühidalt esimesest Nipernaadi lavastusest 1936. a. Draamastuudios (dramatiseerija ja lavastaja A. Särev). Vaadeldakse lavastaja- ja näitlejatöid, ka muusikalist kujundust

  17. Muumi-Stalinid ja väikesed Hitler-Myd / Veiko Märka

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Märka, Veiko, 1964-

    2009-01-01

    Soomerootsi kirjaniku ja kunstniku Tove Janssoni (1914-2001) näitus "Adolf, Jossif ja sõda Tove sihikul - Tove Janssoni poliitilised karikatuurid ajakirjas Garm 1930.-1940. aastail" Soome Instituudi Tartu osakonnas (Vanemuise 19) 18. veebruarini 2009. a. Kunstniku eluloolisi andmeid ja loomingust

  18. Ikka veel osaliselt väge täis / Veiko Märka

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Märka, Veiko, 1964-

    2009-01-01

    Rakvere teatri lavastustest : Eric-Emmanuel Schmitt "Kooselu väikesed kuriteod", lavastaja Erki Aule; Neil Simon "Meie, mehed", lavastaja Toomas Suuman ja Ernest Hemingway "Ja päike tõused", lavastaja Jaaniks Juhanson

  19. Kutseharidust hakkab muutma uus paradigma / André Huigens ; intervjueerinud Veiko Belials

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Huigens, André

    2011-01-01

    Intervjuu Luual toimunud rahvusvahelise kutsehariduse alase seminari peaesineja, André Huigensiga, kes on Euroopa kutseõppe arenduskeskuse Cedefop kvalifikatsiooniraamistiku ekspert Hollandi Wellantcollege’ist

  20. Perceptions of government knowledge and control over contributions of aid organizations and INGOs to health in Nepal: a qualitative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giri, Aditi; Khatiwada, Prashant; Shrestha, Bikram; Chettri, Radheshyam Khatri

    2013-01-18

    Almost 50% of the Nepali health budget is made up of international aid. International Non-Governmental Organizations working in the field of health are able to channel their funds directly to grass root level. During a 2010 conference, the Secretary of Population stated that the government has full knowledge and control over all funds and projects coming to Nepal. However, there are no documents to support this. The study aims to assess government and partner perceptions on whether Government of Nepal currently has full knowledge of contributions of international aid organizations and International Non-Governmental Organizations to health in Nepal and to assess if the government is able to control all foreign contributions to fit the objectives of Second Long Term Health Plan (1997-2017). A qualitative study was performed along with available literature review. Judgmental and snowball sampling led to 26 in depth interviews with key informants from the government, External Development Partners and International Non-Governmental Organizations. Results were triangulated based on source of data. Representatives of the Department of Health Services declined to be interviewed. Data collection was done until researchers felt data saturation had been reached with each group of key informants. While Ministry of Health and Population leads the sector wide approach that aims to integrate all donor and International Non-Governmental Organization contributions to health and direct them to the government's priority areas, questions were raised around its capacity to do so. Similarly, informants questioned the extent to which Social Welfare Council was able to control all International Non-Governmental Organizations contributions. Political tumult, corruption in the government, lack of human resources in the government, lack of coordination between government bodies, convoluted bureaucracy, and unreliability of donor and International Non-Governmental Organization contributions were identified as the main reasons for difficulties in aid integration. Despite its commitment to coordinate and control development assistance to the health sector, and its leadership position of the Sector Wide Approach, complete knowledge and effective coordination of all international contributions remains a challenge and is hampered by issues within the government as well as among External Development Partners and International Non-Governmental Organizations.

  1. Evaluating the performance of commonly used gas analysers for methane eddy covariance flux measurements: the InGOS inter-comparison field experiment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Peltola, O.; Hensen, A.; Helfter, C.; Belelli Marchesini, L.; Bosveld, F.C.; Bulk, van de W.C.M.; Elbers, J.A.; Haapanala, S.; Holst, J.; Laurila, T.; Lindroth, A.; Nemitz, E.; Röckmann, T.; Vermeulen, A.T.; Mammarella, I.

    2014-01-01

    The performance of eight fast-response methane (CH4) gas analysers suitable for eddy covariance flux measurements were tested at a grassland site near the Cabauw tall tower (Netherlands) during June 2012. The instruments were positioned close to each other in order to minimise the effect of varying

  2. Evaluating the performance of commonly used gas analysers for methane eddy covariance flux measurements : the InGOS inter-comparison field experiment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Peltola, O.; Hensen, A.; Helfter, C.; Belelli Marchesini, L.; Bosveld, F. C.; Van Den Bulk, W. C M; Elbers, J. A.; Haapanala, S.; Holst, J.; Laurila, T.; Lindroth, A.; Nemitz, E.; Röckmann, T.; Vermeulen, A. T.; Mammarella, I.

    2014-01-01

    The performance of eight fast-response methane (CH4) gas analysers suitable for eddy covariance flux measurements were tested at a grassland site near the Cabauw tall tower (Netherlands) during June 2012. The instruments were positioned close to each other in order to minimise the effect of varying

  3. Evaluating the performance of commonly used gas analysers for methane eddy covariance flux measurements: the InGOS inter-comparison field experiment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Peltola, O.; Hensen, A.; Helfter, C.; Belelli Marchesini, L.; Bosveld, F. C.; Van Den Bulk, W. C. M.; Elbers, J. A.; Haapanala, S.; Holst, J.; Laurila, T.; Lindroth, A.; Nemitz, E.; Röckmann, T.; Vermeulen, A. T.; Mammarella, I.

    2014-01-01

    The performance of eight fast-response methane (CH4) gas analysers suitable for eddy covariance flux measurements were tested at a grassland site near the Cabauw tall tower (Netherlands) during June 2012. The instruments were positioned close to each other in order to minimize the effect of varying

  4. Evaluating the performance of commonly used gas analysers for methane eddy covariance flux measurements: the InGOS inter-comparison field experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peltola, O.; Hensen, A.; Helfter, C.; Belelli Marchesini, L.; Bosveld, F. C.; van den Bulk, W. C. M.; Elbers, J. A.; Haapanala, S.; Holst, J.; Laurila, T.; Lindroth, A.; Nemitz, E.; Röckmann, T.; Vermeulen, A. T.; Mammarella, I.

    2014-06-01

    The performance of eight fast-response methane (CH4) gas analysers suitable for eddy covariance flux measurements were tested at a grassland site near the Cabauw tall tower (Netherlands) during June 2012. The instruments were positioned close to each other in order to minimise the effect of varying turbulent conditions. The moderate CH4 fluxes observed at the location, of the order of 25 nmol m-2 s-1, provided a suitable signal for testing the instruments' performance. Generally, all analysers tested were able to quantify the concentration fluctuations at the frequency range relevant for turbulent exchange and were able to deliver high-quality data. The tested cavity ringdown spectrometer (CRDS) instruments from Picarro, models G2311-f and G1301-f, were superior to other CH4 analysers with respect to instrumental noise. As an open-path instrument susceptible to the effects of rain, the LI-COR LI-7700 achieved lower data coverage and also required larger density corrections; however, the system is especially useful for remote sites that are restricted in power availability. In this study the open-path LI-7700 results were compromised due to a data acquisition problem in our data-logging setup. Some of the older closed-path analysers tested do not measure H2O concentrations alongside CH4 (i.e. FMA1 and DLT-100 by Los Gatos Research) and this complicates data processing since the required corrections for dilution and spectroscopic interactions have to be based on external information. To overcome this issue, we used H2O mole fractions measured by other gas analysers, adjusted them with different methods and then applied them to correct the CH4 fluxes. Following this procedure we estimated a bias of the order of 0.1 g (CH4) m-2 (8% of the measured mean flux) in the processed and corrected CH4 fluxes on a monthly scale due to missing H2O concentration measurements. Finally, cumulative CH4 fluxes over 14 days from three closed-path gas analysers, G2311-f (Picarro Inc.), FGGA (Los Gatos Research) and FMA2 (Los Gatos Research), which were measuring H2O concentrations in addition to CH4, agreed within 3% (355-367 mg (CH4) m-2) and were not clearly different from each other, whereas the other instruments derived total fluxes which showed small but distinct differences (±10%, 330-399 mg (CH4) m-2).

  5. Film platform courtesy of the Czechs / Paul Morton

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Morton, Paul

    2006-01-01

    Lühimängufilm "Tühirand", režissöör Veiko Õunpuu, osales Karlovy Vary rahvusvahelise filmifestivali "Forum of Independents" programmis. Festivalist laiemalt, Veiko Õunpuust ja tema filmi seansist tutvustavalt

  6. Koddo-tohtri awwitamise nõuu kuddamoddi sinna ennese ruttoliste ärra tappa sad : [vested] / Veiko Märka

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Märka, Veiko, 1964-

    2002-01-01

    Autorist lk 141, ka foto. Sisu: Koddo-tohtri awwitamise nõuu kuddamodi sinna ennese ruttoliste ärra tappa sad : 1. jaggo ; 2. jaggo ; 3. jaggo ; 4. jaggo ; 5. jaggo ; 6. jaggo ; Linnar maine-kujjondaja

  7. Üllar Saaremäe - väge täis / Üllar Saaremäe ; interv. Veiko Märka

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saaremäe, Üllar, 1969-

    2007-01-01

    Näitleja, lavastaja ja teatrijuht on ka Eesti lava kuues Cyrano de Bergerac (Edmond Rostand'i "Cyrano de Bergerac" Rakvere Teatris, lavastaja Kalju Komissarov). Intervjuus oma lapsepõlvest, poliitikast, Cyranost ja muustki

  8. Biomeetrilise tuvastamise andmekaitseõiguslikud aspektid : [bakalaureusetöö] / Silvia Lips ; Akadeemia Nord, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Rainer Osanik, konsultant: Veiko Kopamees

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lips, Silvia

    2006-01-01

    Biomeetriline tuvastamine ja selle õiguslik regulatsioon, biomeetriliste tuvastamissüsteemide õiguslik regulatsioon Euroopa Liidus, USA-s, Eesti koht üldises süsteemis, biomeetriliste tuvastussüsteemide kasutusele võtmisega seonduv probleemistik

  9. Varjupaigataotleja suhtes kehtestatavad isikuvabaduse piirangud : [bakalaureusetöö] / Veiko Kopamees ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Tanel Kerikmäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kopamees, Veiko

    2000-01-01

    Euroopa ja Eesti varjupaigaõiguse arengust, varjupaigataotleja riigis viibimise alus, isikuvabaduse piirangud, liikumispiirangud, kinnipidamine (riigi territooriumil, piiril, kinnipidamise seaduslikkuse nõue, õigus vaidlustada, õigus hüvitisele)

  10. Pakkujate võrdne kohtlemine riigihankemenetlusest kõrvaldamisel ja pakkujate kvalifitseerimisel : [magistritöö] / Piia Kulm ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendajad: Ene Andresen, Veiko Vaske

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kulm, Piia

    2009-01-01

    Võrdse kohtlemise põhimõtte sisust ja kohaldamisest ning selle põhimõtte järgimise tagamisest riigihangete õiguses, pakkujate kõrvaldamise ja pakkujate kvalifitseerimise etapi erinevustest, pakkujate hankemenetlusest kõrvaldamise ning kvalifitseerimise etapist

  11. Sõltuvus jaeketist paneb tootja nööri mööda käima / Kadri Bank ; kommenteerinud Maie Niit, Veiko Pak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bank, Kadri

    2010-01-01

    Tootjad süüdistavad kaubanduskette lepingute sõlmimises, millest saavad kasu ainult jaeketid, tootjaid ähvardatakse eksimuste puhul suurte trahvidega. Jaeketid ei nõustu sellega ja põhjendavad tootjatele surve avaldamist omavahelise konkurentsiga. Intervjuu Eesti Tarbijateühistute Keskühistu juhiga

  12. Liaudiškieji žaliaminės odos išdirbimo būdai: savitumai ir etnokultūrinės sąveikos

    OpenAIRE

    Morkūnienė, Janina

    2001-01-01

    The subject of the article is folk methods of dressing raw hide in Lithuania and their analysis. The article aims on the basis of ethnographic literature and data from ethnographic expeditions of 1992-1998 collected by the author from all ethnic regions of Lithuania to analyze folk methods of dressing raw hide, their occurrence, used technique and technology, their particularities and to compare interaction of analyzed realities with analogous phenomena in neighbouring countries. The dressing...

  13. Elektroonilise rämpspostituse olemus. Rämps e-posti saatmisega kahju õigusvastane tekitamine e-kirja teenuse kasutajatele ning Interneti teenuse pakkujatele. Probleemi seadusandlik lahendus : [bakalaureusetöö] / Veiko Vahimets ; Tartu Ülikool,

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vahimets, Veiko

    2003-01-01

    Elektroonilise rämpsposti olemus - õigusliku regulatsiooni vajalikkus, elektrooniline rämpspostitus ja deliktiõigus, elektroonilise rämpspostituse vastase seadusandluse arengusuunad (Ameerika Ühendriikides, Kanadas, Austraalias, Taiwanil, Euroopa Liidus, Eestis)

  14. Aukštųjų mokyklų dėstytojų ir bendrojo ugdymo mokyklų mokytojų darbe patiriamo streso įveikos stiliai

    OpenAIRE

    Loikienė, Olga; Pileckaitė-Markovienė, Margarita

    2013-01-01

    Carried out investigations proved that teachers’ stress experience is more often noticeable than among other professionals and threat of a professional burning out for the teachers is higher. This investigation is quite new because there is not much research, which would compare the styles of coping with stress at work by secondary school teachers and high schools lecturers. It could be important for further psychological investigations either in Lithuania as well as in other countries. This ...

  15. Eraõigusliku juriidilise isiku hankijana määratlemine: AS EVR Cargo ja tema tütarettevõtte näide / Kadri Härginen, Veiko Vaske, Carri Ginter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Härginen, Kadri

    2018-01-01

    Eraõigusliku isiku avaliku sektori hankijana määratlemise eeldused ning võrgustikusektori hankijana määratlemise eeldused, asjakohane kohtupraktika. Eraõigusliku isiku hankijana määratlemine AS EVR Cargo ja tema tütarettevõtja WagonPro AS näitel

  16. Prokljatõje filmõ i dveri v nikuda / Dmitri Babitshenko

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Babitshenko, Dmitri

    2007-01-01

    Ameerika režissöör ja maalikunstnik David Lynch esineb 7. novembril kinos Kosmos loenguga "Film, Creativity and Consciousness". Ka filmist "Inland Empire". Eestisse kutsujateks olid Veiko Õunpuu, Rain Tolk ja Taavi Eelmaa

  17. Filmiajakirjanike aasta filmi auhind jagati "Sügisballi" ja "Jonathan Austraaliast" vahel / Sulev Keedus ; interv. Jaanus Kulli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Keedus, Sulev, 1957-

    2008-01-01

    Eesti Filmiajakirjanike Ühing (EFÜ) nimetas 2007.a. filmi auhinna väärilisteks Veiko Õunpuu filmi "Sügisball" ja Sulev Keeduse dokumentaalfilmi "Jonathan Austraaliast". Intervjuu dokumentaalfilmi režissööriga

  18. Bez kota mõsham razdolje / Jevgeni Kapov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kapov, Jevgeni

    2004-01-01

    Sillamäe linnapea Ain Kiviorgi ja Vaivara vallavanema Veiko Luhalaidi kohtumisest Politseiameti peadirektori Robert Antropovi ja Ida politseiprefekti Kalev Prillopiga, kus arutati seoses politseireformiga Sillamäe regioonis tekkinud korrakaitse probleeme

  19. Kirjanduslik orgia?! Tänan, ei! / Raul Sulbi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sulbi, Raul

    2002-01-01

    Arkaadia järjejutt (juuni - august 2002, autorid Wimberg, Veiko Märka, Urmas Vadi, Jürgen Rooste, Aapo Ilves, Aarne Ruben, Matt Barker, Hedda Maurer, Ivar Sild, Karen Orlau, Indrek Hargla, Jan Kaus, Mehis Heinsaar)

  20. Estonskije filmõ stali laureatami festivalei

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Sõltumatu kino 35. festivalil Brüsselis sai peaauhinna Veiko Õunpuu "Sügisball" ja animafilmifestivalil Utrechtis Hollandis võitis peapreemia Priit ja Olga Pärna joonisfilm "Elu ilma Gabriella Ferrita"

  1. Venezia filmifestivali punane vaip ootab tänavu ka eestlasi / Tiit Tuumalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuumalu, Tiit, 1971-

    2007-01-01

    Eesti mängufilm "Sügisball" (režissöör Veiko Õunpuu, produtsent Katrin Kissa) esilinastub 7. septembril Venezia 64. filmifestivali konkursiprogrammis Orizzonti. Ka teistest võistlevatest filmidest

  2. Kaks näitlejapreemiat Viribus Unitisele / Riina Mägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mägi, Riina, 1957-

    2008-01-01

    13. apr. lõppenud üleriigilisest kooliteatrite festivalist. Jõgevamaad esindav Põltsamaa kultuurikeskuse näitering Viribus Unitis võitis kaks näitlejapreemiat. Need said Veiko Porkanen ja Priit Pius

  3. Autopsia : [arvustatakse eelmises Marduses ilmunud originaaljutte ja tõlkeid] / Karen Orlau

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Orlau, Karen, pseud., 1975-

    2000-01-01

    Arvustatavad jutud: Smith, Clark Ashton. Öised koletised; Kalevipoeg, pseud. Purpurvalgus; Brown, Molly. Valel ajal; Belials, Veiko. Kunagi. Kuskil. Eikuskil; Lindsay, David. Swaylone'i saar; Hargla, Indrek. Obernoni apokrüüf

  4. V Venetsii otkrõlsja kinofestival

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    29. augustil algas Veneetsia 64. filmifestival. Festivalist, millel esmakordselt osaleb ka Eesti mängufilm "Sügisball" (režissöör Veiko Õunpuu), mis esilinastub 7. septembril konkursiprogrammis Orizzonti

  5. Eesti koomiks rajab teed tuntusele / Mari Laaniste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laaniste, Mari, 1977-

    2001-01-01

    Ljubljanas ilmus Ida-Euroopa alternatiivkoomiksi antoloogia "Stripburek 2. Comics from the Other Europe", mille üheks autoriks on Veiko Tammjärv. Lisasse on paigutatud Zildre, Endorfin, Ilmar Kruusamäe ja loominguline kollektiiv Badblock

  6. "Ossenni bal" v "Sezon tumanov" / Nikolai Hrustaljov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hrustaljov, Nikolai

    2008-01-01

    Veiko Õunpuu mängufilm "Sügisball" sai Anapas toimunud SRÜ ja Baltimaade 17. filmifestivalil "Kinoshokk" peaauhinna, filmiteadlaste ja -kriitikute gildi auhinna ning pressi lemmiku auhinna. Festivalist ja teistest auhinnatutest

  7. Õunpuu ränk heitlus elu ja kunsti nimel / Jaan Ruus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruus, Jaan, 1938-2017

    2009-01-01

    Eesti mängufilm "Püha Tõnu kiusamine", režissöör Veiko Õunpuu. Lisaks "Räägitakse: Püha Tõnu eri", milles tsiteeritakse eri väljaannetes ilmunut. Oma paarilauselise arvamuse ütlevad Valle-Sten Maiste, Kristiina Davidjants, Lauri Kärk, Taavi Eelmaa, Andres Laasik, Maris Meiessaar, Veiko Õunpuu, Berk Vaher, Trash

  8. Teejuht Õunpuu juurde / Tiit Tuumalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuumalu, Tiit, 1971-

    2010-01-01

    Rahvusvahelise autorifilmi uue põlvkonna kõige silmapaistvamaid režissööre tutvustavast raamatust "Take 100. The Future of Film : 100 New Directors". Raamatus on eraldi peatükk eesti režissöörist Veiko Õunpuust ja tema filmist "Sügisball". 17. septembrist New Yorgi ja 1. oktoobrist Los Angelese kinos hakkab jooksma Veiko Õunpuu film "Püha Tõnu kiusamine"

  9. Elukestva õppe strateegia / Raivo Juurak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Juurak, Raivo

    2001-01-01

    Haridusministeeriumi eestvõttel on alustatud diskussioone Eestile elukestva õppe strateegia koostamiseks. Moodustatud komisjonis on juhtiv koht on koolitusfirmade assotsiatsiooni Andras juhatuse esimehel prof. T. Märjal ja prof. Ü. Vooglaiul. Komisjoni koosseisu kuuluvad veel: Eesti Vabaharidusliidu juhatuse esimees I. Eesmaa, Kõrgema Kommertskooli õppetoolijuhataja T. Elenurm, TPÜ akadeemiline prorektor L. Jõgi, Mainori Majanduskooli rektor P. Kross, haridusministeeriumi täiskasvanuhariduse talituse juhataja T. Ots, koolitusfirma Invicta juhatuse esimees M. Pärjamäe, Rocca al Mare Kooli juhataja H. Tamjärv, Viljandi Kultuurikolledži prof. R. Valgma jt.

  10. The Transformation of International NGOs and Their Impact on Development Aid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Richard Davies

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Published by Palgrave MacmillanInternational non-governmental organisations (INGOs are among the key actors in the transformation of development as a global public policy issue in the post-Cold War era. This chapter explores how in the past two decades INGOs concerned with development have transformed their structures and practices as well as development discourse. The author shows how development INGOs have globalised, in terms of both the formation of international confederations and the collaboration of multiple INGOs in global coalitions. A key development has been the erosion of the apparent North–South divide among development INGOs, with INGOs that originated in donor countries reforming their structures to give a greater voice to their affiliates in recipient countries, and organisations that originated in developing countries forming affiliates in developed countries. The reorientation of INGO advocacy from states toward intergovernmental and corporate actors is also explored, as is the creation of new forms of partnerships with both governmental and private actors. The chapter addresses how development INGOs have attempted to respond to critiques of their accountability and legitimacy through reforms such as the International NGO Charter on Accountability, while the conclusion explores the limitations of the transformations of development INGOs, and the challenges that these new configurations pose.

  11. Foreign Direct Investment, Environmental INGO Presence and Carbon Dioxide Emissions in Less-Developed Countries, 1980-2000 La inversión extranjera directa, la presencia de ONG internacionales medioambientales y las emisiones de dióxido de carbono en los países menos adelantados, 1980-2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher Dick

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The authors engage foreign investment dependence and world society theories to examine environmental harms in less-developed countries. Results of cross-national random effects panel regression models indicate that foreign investment in manufacturing contributes to total carbon dioxide emissions and emissions per unit of production. World society integration in the context of environmental international non-governmental organization presence does not directly suppress emissions. However, a stronger presence of such organizations in some less-developed nations appears to mitigate the impacts of foreign investment on anthropogenic emissions. These results hold, net of population, level of development, and other structural factors.Los autores abordan la dependencia de inversión extranjera y las teorías de la sociedad mundial para examinar los daños medioambientales en los países menos desarrollados. Los resultados de los modelos de regresión de panel con efectos aleatorios nacionales indican que la inversión extranjera en el sector manufacturero contribuye al total de emisiones de dióxido de carbono y las emisiones por unidad de producción. La integración de la sociedad mundial en el contexto presencia de organizaciones medioambientales internacionales no gubernamentales no reprime directamente las emisiones. Sin embargo, una  mayor presencia de esas organizaciones en algunos países naciones menos desarrolladas parece mitigar los impactos de la inversión extranjera en las emisiones antropogénicas. Los resultados  son en forma de datos netos de la población, nivel de desarrollo y otros factores estructurales.

  12. International Non-Governmental Organizations in Latin America and Social Capital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vijayan K. Pillai

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available International Non-Governmental Organizations (INGOs in developing countries promote interests of the poor, provide social services, and stimulate community engagement. The exponential growth of INGOs during the last four decades was accompanied by major financial scandals and corruption charges leading to an increase in research on the impact of INGOs on community well-being in developing countries. Due to sparse empirical studies that evaluate the role and functions of INGOs, the question of the impact of INGOs on community well-being has remained largely rhetorical. Our study attempts to provide preliminary evidence on the impact of socio-economic programs carried out by an International Governmental Organization (INGO, Adventist Development and Relief Agency (ADRA, in four Latin American countries. Results from the quasi-experimental study suggest that communities with ADRA programs have a higher level of social capital than communities without them. While the results reported here may not be generalized to all INGOs, our study is unique in providing a valuable empirical approach toward examining the role of INGOs in developing countries.

  13. Use of Mobile Technology for Monitoring and Evaluation in International Health and Development Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruce, Kerry

    2013-01-01

    Background: Mobile phones and other technologies are widely used in health programming in developing countries, many introduced by international nongovernmental organizations (INGOs) to accelerate data collection. This research examined: How are INGOs adopting the innovation of mobile technology into M&E systems for health care programs in…

  14. Shaped by asymmetrical interdependence: a qualitative case study of the external influences on international non-governmental organizations' implementation of equity principles in HIV/AIDS work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dyke, Elizabeth; Edwards, Nancy; McDowell, Ian; Muga, Richard; Brown, Stephen

    2014-10-08

    Addressing inequities is a key role for international non-governmental organizations (INGOs) working in health and development. Yet, putting equity principles into practice can prove challenging. In-depth empirical research examining what influences INGOs' implementation of equity principles is limited. This study examined the influences on one INGO's implementation of equity principles in its HIV/AIDS programs. This research employed a case study with nested components (an INGO operating in Kenya, with offices in North America). We used multiple data collection methods, including document reviews, interviews (with staff, partners and clients of the INGO in Kenya), and participant observation (with Kenyan INGO staff). Participant observation was conducted with 10 people over three months. Forty-one interviews were completed, and 127 documents analyzed. Data analysis followed Auerbach and Silverstein's analytic process (2003), with qualitative coding conducted in multiple stages, using descriptive matrices, visual displays and networks (Miles and Huberman, 1994). There was a gap between the INGO's intent to implement equity principles and actual practice due to multiple influences from various players, including donors and country governments. The INGO was reliant on donor funding and needed permission from the Kenyan government to work in-country. Major influences included donor agendas and funding, donor country policies, and Southern country government priorities and legislation. The INGO privileged particular vulnerable populations (based on its reputation, its history, and the priorities of the Kenyan government and the donors). To balance its equity commitment with the influences from other players, the INGO aligned with the system as well as pushed back incrementally on the donors and the Kenyan government to influence these organizations' equity agendas. By moving its equity agenda forward incrementally and using its reputational advantage, the INGO avoided

  15. International non-governmental organizations' provision of community-based tuberculosis care for hard-to-reach populations in Myanmar, 2013-2014.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soe, Kyaw Thu; Saw, Saw; van Griensven, Johan; Zhou, Shuisen; Win, Le; Chinnakali, Palanivel; Shah, Safieh; Mon, Myo Myo; Aung, Si Thu

    2017-03-24

    National tuberculosis (TB) programs increasingly engage with international non-governmental organizations (INGOs), especially to provide TB care in complex settings where community involvement might be required. In Myanmar, however, there is limited data on how such INGO community-based programs are organized and how effective they are. In this study, we describe four INGO strategies for providing community-based TB care to hard-to-reach populations in Myanmar, and assess their contribution to TB case detection. We conducted a descriptive study using program data from four INGOs and the National TB Program (NTP) in 2013-2014. For each INGO, we extracted information on its approach and key activities, the number of presumptive TB cases referred and undergoing TB testing, and the number of patients diagnosed with TB and their treatment outcomes. The contribution of INGOs to TB diagnosis in their selected townships was calculated as the proportion of INGO-diagnosed new TB cases out of the total NTP-diagnosed new TB cases in the same townships. All four INGOs implemented community-based TB care in challenging contexts, targeting migrants, post-conflict areas, the urban poor, and other vulnerable populations. Two recruited community volunteers via existing community health volunteers or health structures, one via existing community leaderships, and one directly involved TB infected/affected individuals. Two INGOs compensated volunteers via performance-based financing, and two provided financial and in-kind initiatives. All relied on NTP laboratories for diagnosis and TB drugs, but provided direct observation treatment support and treatment follow-up. A total of 21 995 presumptive TB cases were referred for TB diagnosis, with 7 383 (34%) new TB cases diagnosed and almost all (98%) successfully treated. The four INGOs contributed to the detection of, on average, 36% (7 383/20 663) of the total new TB cases in their respective townships (range: 15-52%). Community-based TB

  16. Õpetaja ja õpilane vahetavad päid Ugalas ja NO-s / Margus Mikomägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mikomägi, Margus, 1956-

    2009-01-01

    Ugala teatri lavastusest "Nii nagu taevas" (Kay Pollaki samanimelise filmi dramatiseering), lavastaja Ingo Normet. Margus Vaheri ja Kata-Riina Luide osatäitmistest. Ka lavastusest "Pea vahetus" NO99 teatris, autor-lavastaja Uku Uusberg

  17. Ilu esiletoojad / Eva Palu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Palu, Eva

    2005-01-01

    Ilusalongide edu tagab soodne asukoht, läbimõeldud teenuste pakett ja meeldiv teenindus. Spot klubi ja Sütiste ilusalongi juhtide arvamusi. Kommenteerib Nordea äriklientide osakonna juhataja Ingo Põder: Keskmisest riskantsem ärisektor

  18. Insurance bankruptcy creates political storm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Hoolimata peaminister Algirdas Brazauskase nõudmisest, keeldus Leedu kindlustusinspektsiooni juht Edvinas Vasilis-Vasiliauskas oma kohalt tagasi astumast, kuna soovib viia lõpule kindlustusseltsi Ingo Baltic pankrotiprotsessi

  19. Critical Theory of Human Rights

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rensmann, Lars; Thompson, Michael J.

    2017-01-01

    International human rights have become an important global norm that has increasingly been incorporated into international law and global conventions. Human rights are a key reference point of mobilizations by diverse groups and international nongovernmental organization (INGOs) in global publics

  20. Красный холст и "красный" Мадрид / Борис Тух

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Тух, Борис, 1946-

    2011-01-01

    Eesti Draamateatri väikeses saalis 25. septembril esietendunud Priit Pedajase lavastusest "Punane", autor John Logan ja 27. septembril esietendunud lavastusest "Viies kolonn", autor Ernest Hemingway, lavastaja Ingo Normet

  1. Kaks Molière'i tõlgendust ehk "Tartuffe'i" kiituseks ja "Ihnuri" laituseks / Gitta Nazarova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nazarova, Gitta

    1999-01-01

    Viljandi Kultuurikolledži teatrikateedri II lennu diplomietendus Molière' i "Tartuffe ", lavastaja Kalju Komissarov ja Eesti Muusikaakadeemia Kõrgema Lavakunstikooli XIX lennu diplomietendus Molière' i "Ihnur", lavastaja Ingo Normet

  2. Shagrenevaja kozha pjatogo elementa, ili Klassika kak zrelishtshe / Boris Tuch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-

    2001-01-01

    Klassikalavastused - Mati Undi "Graal" (lav. Peeter Jalakas), Mihhail Bulgakovi "Meister ja Margarita" (lav. Mati Unt), W. Shakespeare'i "Kuningas Lear" (lav. Priit Pedajas), Pedro Calderoni "Elu on unenägu" (lav. Ingo Normet)

  3. Why lions roar like babies cry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Titze, Ingo

    2012-11-01

    When an angry lion roars, the sounds it emits can terrify anyone within earshot. But, as Ingo Titze explains, the properties of a lion's roar have some surprising similarities with those of a crying baby.

  4. 5 paremat filmi Eestis 2007

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Eesti Filmiajakirjanike Ühing (EFÜ) nimetas 2007. a. filmi auhinna Neitsi Maali väärilisteks Veiko Õunpuu mängufilmi "Sügisball" ja Sulev Keeduse dokumentaalfilmi "Jonathan Austraaliast". Parima filmikriitiku tunnustuse sai Boris Tuch. Väljavõtteid 2007.a. ajakirjanduses ilmunud arvustustest mõlema filmi kohta

  5. Luulelaat vaimuväljadel / Priidu Beier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Beier, Priidu, 1957-

    1997-01-01

    Arvustus: Rahman, Jan. Vasõst vask; Serpent, François. Ka Jumal on inimene; Märka, Veiko. Tühja aju korinad; Rüütle, Indrek. Lahkumine Puhjast (kõik Eesti Kostabi Seltsi Kaasaegse Kirjanduse Keskuse väljaanded, 1997)

  6. Jumala ilmumine Pärnus. Vol. 2 : Luule / Arno Oja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oja, Arno, 1950-

    2016-01-01

    Arvustus: Kressa, Kaarel. Vereurmarohumesi. Pärnu : Jumalikud Ilmutused, 2011 ; Salumaa, Priit. Viimased viisteist aastat. Pärnu : Jumalikud Ilmutused, 2011 ; Belials, Veiko. Sina ja vaikus ja pajud. Pärnu : Jumalikud Ilmutused, 2011 ; Kivisildnik. Liivlased ja saurused. Valuraamatu I köide. Pärnu : Jumalikud Ilmutused, 2011

  7. Jumala ilmumine Pärnus. 2 / Arno Oja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oja, Arno, 1950-

    2011-01-01

    Arvustus: Kressa, Kaarel. Vereurmarohumesi. Pärnu : Jumalikud Ilmutused, 2011 ; Salumaa, Priit. Viimased viisteist aastat. Pärnu : Jumalikud Ilmutused, 2011 ; Belials, Veiko. Sina ja vaikus ja pajud. Pärnu : Jumalikud Ilmutused, 2011 ; Kivisildnik. Liivlased ja saurused. Valuraamatu I köide. Pärnu : Jumalikud Ilmutused, 2011

  8. Euro on teel / Ivar Jung

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jung, Ivar

    2005-01-01

    Reet Varblase kureeritud näitus "Oma raha" Tallinna Kunstihoone galeriis 12. XI-4. XII. Gints Gabransi videotest, Jaan Jaanisoo masin-installatsioonist, Siim-Tanel Annuse tööst. 2. XII galeriis toimunud kunstnike, kultuurihuviliste ja rahamaailma esindajate (Eesti Panga asepresident Rein Minka, endine president Vahur Kraft, rahandusministri nõuniku kt Veiko Valkiainen) kohtumisest

  9. Estonskii film prinimali teplo / Marianne Kõrver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kõrver, Marianne, 1980-

    2006-01-01

    Lühimängufilm "Tühirand", režissöör Veiko Õunpuu, osales Karlovy Vary rahvusvahelise filmifestivali "Forum of Independents" programmis. 41. Karlovy Vary filmifestivali avas Korea režissööri Kim Ki-duki uusim film "Aeg". Lühidalt ka auhinnatutest ja huvitavamatest filmidest

  10. Eesti filmil läks hästi Karlovy Vary festivalil / Marianne Kõrver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kõrver, Marianne, 1980-

    2006-01-01

    Lühimängufilm "Tühirand", režissöör Veiko Õunpuu, osales Karlovy Vary rahvusvahelise filmifestivali "Forum of Independents" programmis. 41. Karlovy Vary filmifestivali avas Korea režissööri Kim Ki-duki "Aeg". Lühidalt ka auhinnatutest ja huvitavamatest filmidest

  11. Pildid räägivad lugusid, vorstid samuti / Andry Ervald

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ervald, Andry

    2006-01-01

    Koomiksinäitus Rakvere galeriis. Osa võtavad Peeter Krosmann (1971), Kristel Maamägi (1986), Lilli-Krõõt Repnau (1982), Elina Sildre (1980), Joonas Sildre (1980), Veiko Tammjärv (1967), Paco Ulman (1980), Edvin Aedma ja rühmitus Endorfin Fractured Communications. Kristel Maamägi oma töödest

  12. Kanepikasvatajate unine suvi / Jüri Ehlvest

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ehlvest, Jüri, 1967-2006

    2002-01-01

    Arkaadia järjejutust, ilmus juuni - august 2002 Eesti Päevalehes, autorid: Wimberg, Veiko Märka, Urmas Vadi, Jürgen Rooste, Aapo Ilves, Aarne Ruben, Matt Barker, Hedda Maurer, Ivar Sild, Karen Orlau, Indrek Hargla, Jan Kaus, Mehis Heinsaar

  13. Moskva juubelifestival 200 filmiga - mida küll valida? / Lauri Kärk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kärk, Lauri, 1954-

    2008-01-01

    19.-30. juunini toimuvast XXX Moskva rahvusvahelisest filmifestivalist. Festivaliprogrammi direktor on Kirsi Tykkyläinen, žürii esimees Liv Ullmann. Võistluskavast, kus eesti filmi pole. Eriprogrammis "8 1/2 filmi" on Veiko Õunpuu "Sügisball". Ka festivali ajaloost

  14. Vastutada lustides ja vastupidi / interv. Eva-Liisa Linder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Lavakunstikooli XXII lend räägib kooliajast, õpetajatest ja õppetööst. Kõnelevad Mihkel Kabel, Martin Kõiv, Risto Kübar, Lauri Lagle, Tõnn Lamp, Mari-Liis Lill, Markus Luik, Ragne Pekarev, Laura Peterson, Ursula Ratasepp, Inga Salurand, Veiko Tubin, Nero Urke, Britta Vahur ja Sergo Vares

  15. Volta kvartali kujundab Soome arhitektuurifirma / Eneken Laasme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasme, Eneken

    2007-01-01

    Volta kvartali kutsutud osalejatega arhitektuurivõistlusest. I koha pälvis Soome arhitektuuribüroo AW2 Arkkitehtit, II -AB Kosmos, III - KOKO Arhitektid. Žürii koosseis. Kommenteerivad Veiko Veskiväli, Ülar Mark, Indrek Allmann, Matti Anttila

  16. Dramaatiline Stockholmi mööblimess / Priit Hõbemägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hõbemägi, Priit, 1957-

    2006-01-01

    Põhjamaade mööbli- ja valgustimess 8.-12. veebr. Stockholmi messikeskuses Älvsjös. Eestit esindasid Standard, Borg jt. Disainer Veiko Liis esitles laserlõigatud vineerlauda "Piloot". Avatud oli Greenhouse ehk sõltumatute disainerite ja kunstikoolide osakond, kus osales Eesti Kunstiakadeemia sisearhitektuuriosakonna üliõpilaste loodud toolidega

  17. Uusi maalijaid Tartust

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Tartu Ülikooli maalikunsti eriala lõpetajate Veiko Klemmeri, Helen Kikkase ja Margit Lõhmuse tööde näitus Tartu Kunstimuuseumis ning Ronald Baumanni, Nadezhda Tshernobai ja Jäppe Johansoni näitus Tartu Kunstimajas

  18. Estonia's cinematic boom year / Adam Krowka

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Krowka, Adam

    2008-01-01

    Mängufilm Mati Undi romaani ainetel "Sügisball" (režissöör Veiko Õunpuu) võitis mitmetel rahvusvahelistel filmifestivalidel auhindu. Eesti filmikunstist, filmide rahastamisest ja filmilevist 2007. aastal. Kommenteerivad Lily Pilt EFSA-st ja näitleja, stsenarist Rain Tolk

  19. Estconil jagati taas Stalkereid / Jüri Kallas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kallas, Jüri

    2006-01-01

    Ulmeauhind Stalker 2006 - tõlkeromaan: Lukjanenko, Sergei. Peegelduste labürint / tõlkinud Tanel Rõigas; antoloogia või tõlkekogu: Arvi Nikkarevi koostatud antoloogia "Aphra"; tõlkejutt: Vance, Jack. Puukoi; algupärane raamat: Hargla, Indrek. French ja Koulu; algupärane jutt: Belials, Veiko. Wereke, wereke, ega sa wesi...

  20. Sinikael jätab jälgi / Tristan Priimägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Priimägi, Tristan, 1976-

    2002-01-01

    Mängufilm "Agent Sinikael" : stsenaristid Marko Raat ja Andres Maimik : režissöör Marko Raat : operaator Arko Okk : helilooja Janek Murd : kunstnikud Margus Tammik ja Jaana Jüris : nimiosas Mait Malmsten : produtsendid Peeter Urbla ja Veiko Õunapuu : Exitfilm ja Suhkur Film, 2002. Lisatud Marko Raati filmograafia lk. 103

  1. Uude mängufilmi otsitakse osatäitjaid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Režissöör Veiko Õunpuu järgmine filmi aluseks on Mati Undi romaan "Sügisball". Tegevus toimub Lasnamäel, kõrvalosadesse otsitakse inimesi, kel vanust enam kui 25 aastat. Võttegrupp ja peategelased on suures osas samad, mis režissööri eelmises Mati Undi ekraniseeringus "Tühirand"

  2. 64. Venezia filmifestivalil kuuleb palju inglise keelt / Andris Feldmanis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Feldmanis, Andris, 1982-

    2007-01-01

    Eesti mängufilm, Mati Undi romaani "Sügisballi" ekraniseering (režissöör Veiko Õunpuu, produtsent Katrin Kissa) valiti esimese Eesti filmina homme algava Venezia 64. filmifestivali konkursiprogrammi Orizzonti. Festivali võistluskava filmidest

  3. Stsenõ iz gorodskoi zhizni / Andrei Babin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Babin, Andrei

    2007-01-01

    Eesti mängufilm "Sügisball" (režissöör Veiko Õunpuu, produtsent Katrin Kissa) sai Venezia 64. filmifestivali konkursiprogrammi Orizzonti peaauhinna. Ajakirjanik meenutab oma vestlust režissööriga 2006.a. mais, mil filmist oli valmis vaid stsenaarium

  4. Ot Kannskogo festivalja kruzhitsja golova / Jaak Lõhmus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lõhmus, Jaak

    2008-01-01

    Cannes'i 61. filmifestivalist, lähemalt Woody Alleni filmist "Vicky, Cristina, barcelona ja võistlusprogrammi avafilmist "Pimedus" (režissöör Fernando Meirelles). Ka Veiko Õunpuust, kes on saabunud Euroopa talendi auhinda vastu võtma

  5. Vahemere Narva-Jõesuu paneb pea pööritama / Jaak Lõhmus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lõhmus, Jaak

    2008-01-01

    Cannes'i 61. filmifestivalist, lähemalt Woody Alleni filmist "Vicky, Cristina, Barcelona" ja võistlusprogrammi avafilmist "Pimedus" (režissöör Fernando Meirelles). Ka Veiko Õunpuust, kes on saabunud Euroopa Talendi auhinda vastu võtma

  6. Võigas ja seletamatu tsirkus : kaasaja ja alateadvuse pained "Agent Sinikaelas" / Sven Vabar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vabar, Sven

    2002-01-01

    Mängufilm "Agent Sinikael" : stsenaristid Marko Raat ja Andres Maimik : režissöör Marko Raat : operaator Arko Okk : helilooja Janek Murd : kunstnikud Margus Tammik ja Jaana Jüris : nimiosas Mait Malmsten : produtsendid Peeter Urbla ja Veiko Õunapuu : Exitfilm ja Suhkur Film, 2002

  7. Agent Sinikael ja Neitsi Maali / Jaan Ruus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruus, Jaan, 1938-2017

    2003-01-01

    Eesti Filmiajakirjanike Ühing andis kümnendat korda välja auhinda Aasta film. 2002.a. parimaks filmiks tunnistati mängufilm "Agent Sinikael" : režissöör Marko Raat, produtsendid Peeter Urbla ja Veiko Õunpuu. Ära toodud ka varasemad "aastafilmid"

  8. Pöffi kaootilisel lõpupeol tunnistati parimaks Hispaania režissööri film / Andris Feldmanis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Feldmanis, Andris, 1982-

    2006-01-01

    10nda Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivali lõputseremoonia Vene Teatris (õhtujuht Mart Sander); võidufilm EurAasia võistluskavas "TumeSininePeaaeguMust", režissöör Daniel Sanchez Arevalo : Hispaania 2006. Parima Eesti filmi au sai Veiko Õunpuu "Tühirand". Lisatud nimekiri "Tähtsamad Pöffi auhinnad"

  9. "Suurel alternatsioonil" tehti inimkatseid / Tiiu Leis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leis, Tiiu

    1999-01-01

    18. juunil alanud festivalil "Suur alternatsioon" esitati performance'eid, tehti spray-maalinguid, näidati videoprojektsioone, esinesid ansamblid Kurjam, Sahfan Sih ja Crying Harmony, jõe peal mägisi klavessiini Sorge ja Katrin Kosenkranius, luuletusi lugesid Veiko Märka ja Aapo Ilves; korraldaja Taje Tross

  10. Vabadussamba autorid võitlevad Tšehhi klaasivabriku kehva töö vastu / Tarmo Vahter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vahter, Tarmo, 1970-

    2008-01-01

    Tallinnasse Vabadussõja võidusamba püstitamisest. Tšehhi klaasitehases Sans Souci valmistatud monumendi klaaspaneelid kinnitatakse poltidega, mille otsad jäävad nähtavale. Monumendi püstitamise ajagraafikust, maksumusest. Kommenteerivad Rainer Sternfeld, Martin Chab, Veiko Pärlin. Artiklile lisatud samba joonis

  11. USA kiidetud noise-rock Eestis / Annika Haas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Haas, Annika

    2008-01-01

    Müra-rock'i viljelevast USA duost Magik Markers (ansambel osaleb režissöör Veiko Õunapuu uue mängufilmi "Püha Tõnu kiusamine" võtetel ja annab kaks kontserti - 13. nov. Tallinnas klubis Tapper ja 15. nov. Tartus klubis Trehv)

  12. TV-Ekspress soovitab : Magik Markers Tallinnas ja Tartus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Müra-rock'i viljelevast USA duost Magik Markers (ansambel osaleb režissöör Veiko Õunapuu uue mängufilmi "Püha Tõnu kiusamine" võtetel ja annab kaks kontserti - 13. nov. Tallinnas klubis Tapper ja 15. nov. koos ansamblitega Stella ja Chungin & Strap-On Faggots Tartus klubis Trehv). Heliplaadist "Boss

  13. Ennastunustav ja põhjuseta lõhkumine / Pete Nolan ; interv. Rein Saavel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nolan, Pete

    2008-01-01

    Küsimustele vastab müra-rock'i viljeleva USA duo Magik Markers trummar Pete Nolan (ansambel osaleb režissöör Veiko Õunapuu uue mängufilmi "Püha Tõnu kiusamine" võtetel ja annab kaks kontserti - 13. nov. Tallinnas klubis Tapper ja 15. nov. Tartus klubis Trehv). Heliplaadist "Boss"

  14. Magik Markers Trehvis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Müra-rock'i viljelevast USA duost Magik Markers (ansambel osaleb režissöör Veiko Õunapuu uue mängufilmi "Püha Tõnu kiusamine" võtetel, kontsert 15. nov. Tartus klubis Trehv, vt. www.magikmarkers.audiosport.org.)

  15. Nord-galerii näitab noori kunstnikke / Teele Tammeorg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tammeorg, Teele

    2010-01-01

    20. mail avati Akadeemia Nord ruumides Nord Galerii (Siili 14, Tallinn) TÜ maalikunsti eriala lõpetanud Veiko Klemmeri ja Andrus Raagi ning nende lõputööde juhendaja ja galerii ühe rajaja Jaan Elkeni maalinäitusega "Võru-Tartu-Tallinn". Galerii pakub noortele kunstnikele võimalust oma töid tasuta eksponeerida

  16. Pingviin, kes surfab hapral jääl / Helen Teesalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teesalu, Helen

    2007-01-01

    Animakomöödia "Metsikud lained" ("Surf's Up") : režissöörid Ash Brannon, Chris Buck : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2007. Dubleeritud eesti keelde. Lisatud nimekiri nii originaali kui ka eestikeelse dublaazhi näitlejatest. dublaazhi režissöör Veiko Anvelt

  17. Ulukiliha sobib ka jõululauale / Raivo Feldmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Feldmann, Raivo

    2009-01-01

    Adavere lihakauplusest, mida on külastanud ka president Toomas Hendrik Ilves ja proua Evelin Ilves. OÜ Chef Foodsi kaupa tellib ka presidendi kantselei. Juuresoleval fotol president Toomas Hendrik Ilves ja proua Evelin Ilves koos OÜ Chef Foodsi juhatuse liikme Veiko Villemi ja juhataja Priit Noorhaniga

  18. Disainiöös on asju / Karin Paulus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paulus, Karin, 1975-

    2016-01-01

    Tallinna Disainiöö 12.-18. septembrini 2016. Uuest kodumaisest disainist (näiteid Marta Mooratsi, Tarmo Luisu, Veiko Liisi, Urmas Lüüsi, Ivar Kaasiku, Krista Leesi, Mariana Laane, Margot Holtsi, Jan Plaani, Pille Ernesaksa loomingust)

  19. Mida loed sina? / Indrek Hargla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hargla, Indrek, pseud., 1970-

    2007-01-01

    Tutvustus: Pérez-Reverte, Arturo. Dumas̀ klubi ehk Richelieu vari. Tallinn : Varrak, 2006 ; Belials, Veiko. Jumalate vandenõu. Tallinn : Varrak, 2006 ; Põder, Rein. Eike. Tallinn : Eesti Raamat, 2006 ; Reeve, Philip. Kuldseeklid. Tallinn : Tiritamm, 2006 ; Martin, George R. R. Troonide mäng. Esimene raamat / tlk. Mario Kivistik. Tallinn : Varrak, 2006. (Jää ja tule laul) (F-sari)

  20. Soomes ilmusid eesti raamatud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Mehis Heinsaare "Härra Pauli kroonikad" ("Herra Paulin aikakirja"), tõlkinud Mika Keränen ; "Tallinnasta pois", eesti groteskse novelli antoloogia, autorid Olavi Ruitlane, Jüri Ehlvest, Aapo Ilves, Andrus Kivirähk, Kerttu Rakke, Peeter Sauter, Mehis Heinsaar, Matt Barker, Eeva Park, Kaur Kender, Veiko Märka, Urmas Vadi ja Ervin Õunapuu

  1. Nunnufaktor korda kaks / Karri Kaas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaas, Karri, 1982-

    2009-01-01

    Betty Thomase animafilmist "Alvin ja koopaoravad 2", USA 2009. Järg 2007. a. menukomöödiale. Tegelastele annavad eesti keeles oma hääled Anatoli Tafitšuk, Maarius Pärn, Veiko Anvelt, Tiit Sukk ja teised

  2. Õunpuu Karlovy Varys edukas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    45. Karlovy Vary filmifestivali võistlusprogrammis "East of the West" märgiti ära Veiko Õunpuu film "Püha Tõnu kiusamine". Peaauhind läks rumeenlase Cristi Puiu filmile "Aurora". Grand prix´sai Augustĺ Vila film "La mosquitera". Teisi preemiasaajaid

  3. Tühirand ja maailma äär / Donald Tomberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tomberg, Donald

    2006-01-01

    Mati Undi jutustuse "Tühirand" (1972) ainetel valminud samanimeline lühimängufilm (2006). Filmi režissöör on Veiko Õunpuu, peaosades Rain Tolk, Maarja Jakobson, Mirtel Pohla ja Taavi Eelmaa. Paralleel samuti M. Undi novelli ainetel 1966.a. aastal valminud telefilmiga "Võlg" (režissöör Valdur Himbek, operaator Anton Mutt)

  4. Eestisse tuleb filmimaailma suurnimi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Ameerika režissöör ja maalikunstnik David Lynch esineb 7. novembril kinos Kosmos loenguga, külastab Von Krahli teatrit ja võibolla kohtub ka president Toomas Hendrik Ilvesega. Siia kutsujateks olid Veiko Õunpuu, Rain Tolk ja Taavi Eelmaa. Kohtumiseks Eesti presidendiga on legendaarne lavastaja ise soovi avaldanud

  5. Kahe korrusega punane buss viib laupäeviti reisile kunstiilma / Oliver Õunmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Õunmaa, Oliver

    2011-01-01

    Eesti Kunstiakadeemia kunstibussi projektist "Hop On Art / Hop Off Art". 5. märtsil toimuvast tootedisainile pühendatud sõidust Tabasallu Frog Plastic OÜ-sse. Tootedisainist räägib Heikki Zoova, plastesemete voltimise töötuba juhendab Veiko Liis. Projekti eestvedaja Maria Viidalepa selgitused

  6. Orizzonti medal pole kehvem Kuldlõvist / Alo Paistik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paistik, Alo

    2007-01-01

    Eesti mängufilm "Sügisball" (režissöör Veiko Õunpuu, produtsent Katrin Kissa) sai Venezia 64. filmifestivali konkursiprogrammi Orizzonti peaauhinna. Filmi delegatsiooni (V. Õunpuu, R. Tolk, M. Jakobson, K. Kissa) esinemisest ja vastuvõtust festivalil

  7. Eesti goes St. Etienne / Anna Roomet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Roomet, Anna

    2006-01-01

    Näitus Eesti Kunstiakadeemia tootedisaini osakonna magistrantide viimase kahe aasta projektide paremikust esindas Eestit disainibiennaalil St. Etiennis Prantsusmaal. Näituse panid üles Pent Talvet ja Pavel Sidorenko, näitusel osalejad: Anna-Maria Einla, Kätlin Kangur, Triin Kuusler, Andri Laidre, Veiko Liis, Liina-Kai Raivet, P. Sidorenko, P. Talvet, Ingela Viks, Triin Voss

  8. Bruno võidujooksus eelistas žürii tarbijate südameid võitnud tooteid / Tanel Veenre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veenre, Tanel, 1977-

    2010-01-01

    2010. aastal pälvis tootedisaini kategoorias disainiauhinna Bruno Veiko Liisi kujundatud kilepiima voldik-kann. Parimaks disainiprojektiks valiti Maarja Mõtuse jalatsiprojekt "Võru'82". Eeskujuliku design management'i tiitliga pärjati Kadarbiku talu. Bruno nominentide tööde näitus Arhitektuuri- ja Disainigaleriis 8. oktoobrini 2010

  9. Rezhissjoru dlja kinosjomok nuzhnõ starõje kvartirõ / Andrei Babin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Babin, Andrei

    2006-01-01

    Režissöör Veiko Õunpuu järgmise filmi "Lasnamäe ball" aluseks on Mati Undi romaan "Sügisball". Tegevus toimub Lasnamäel, peaosalised on valitud, kõrvalosadesse otsitakse veel täiendavalt inimesi mitteprofessionaalide seast. Otsitakse ka kortereid võttepaikadeks

  10. Õunpuu saab Euroopa Talendi auhinna / Kristiina Davidjants

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Davidjants, Kristiina, 1974-

    2008-01-01

    Cannes'i filmifestivali raames toimuval Euroopa päeval antakse filmirežissöör Veiko Õunpuule üle Euroopa Talendi auhind (European Talent Prize) mängufilmiprojekti "Püha Tõnu Kiusamine" eest (produtsent Katrin Kissa)

  11. Different challenges, different approaches and related expenditures of community-based tuberculosis activities by international non-governmental organizations in Myanmar.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Wai Wai; Saw, Saw; Isaakidis, Petros; Khogali, Mohammed; Reid, Anthony; Hoa, Nguyen; Zaw, Ko Ko; Aung, Si Thu

    2017-03-24

    International non-governmental organizations (INGOs) have been implementing community-based tuberculosis (TB) care (CBTBC) in Myanmar since 2011. Although the National TB Programme (NTP) ultimately plans to take over CBTBC, there have been no evaluations of the models of care or of the costs of providing CBTBC in Myanmar by INGOs. This was a descriptive study using routinely-collected programmatic and financial data from four INGOs during 2013 and 2014, adjusted for inflation. Data analysis was performed from the provider perspective. Costs for sputum examination were not included as it was provided free of charge by NTP. We calculated the average cost per year of each programme and cost per patient completing treatment. Four INGOs assisted the NTP by providing CBTBC in areas where access to TB services was challenging. Each INGO faced different issues in their contexts and responded with a diversity of strategies. The total costs ranged from US$ 140 754 to US$ 550 221 during the study period. The cost per patient completing treatment ranged from US$ 215 to US$ 1 076 for new cases and US$ 354 to US$ 1 215 for retreatment cases, depending on the targeted area and the package of services offered. One INGO appeared less costly, more sustainable and patient oriented than others. This study revealed a wide variety of models of care and associated costs for implementing CBTBC in diverse and challenging populations and contexts in Myanmar. Consequently, we recommend a more comprehensive evaluation, including development of a cost model, to estimate the costs of scaling up CBTBC country-wide, and cost-effectiveness studies, to best inform the NTP as it prepares to takeover CBTBC activities from INGOs. While awaiting evidence from these studies, model of CBTBC that have higher sustainability potential and allocate more resources to patient-centered care should be given priority support.

  12. DOT for patients with limited access to health care facilities in a hill district of eastern Nepal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wares, D F; Akhtar, M; Singh, S

    2001-08-01

    The hill district in Nepal, where access to health care facilities is difficult. To compare results before and after a decentralised directly observed treatment (DOT) intervention. Prospective study of patients registered in Dhankuta district, Nepal, 1996-1999. Patients received their intensive phase treatment under health worker supervision via one of three DOT options: 1) ambulatory from the peripheral government health facilities; 2) ambulatory from an international non-governmental organisation (INGO) TB clinic in district centre; or 3) resident in INGO TB hostel in district centre. Historical data from 1995-1996, with unsupervised short-course chemotherapy, were used for comparison. Of 307 new cases, respectively 126 (41%), 86 (28%) and 95 (31%) took their intensive phase treatment via options 1, 2 and 3. Smear conversion (at 2 months) and cure rates in new smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis cases were respectively 81.6% (vs. 58.8% historical, P = 0.001) and 84.9% (vs. 76.7% historical, P = 0.03). Overall costs to the INGO provider fell by 7%, mainly as a result of staffing reductions in the INGO services made possible by rationalisation with government services during the intervention. By offering varied DOT delivery routes, including an in-patient option, satisfactory results are possible with DOT even in areas where access to health care facilities is difficult. Provision of in-patient care via an INGO TB hostel allowed a significant proportion of new cases (31%) to receive their intensive phase treatment who otherwise may have had difficulty accessing treatment, due either to the distance to the nearest health facility or to disease severity. Substitution of government hospital beds or local hotel beds for the INGO hostel beds may allow the model to be reproduced elsewhere in similar geographical conditions in Nepal, but further studies should be performed in a non-INGO supported district beforehand.

  13. Superkangelased, kommertshiired ja sõjakad idaeurooplased / Joonas Sildre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sildre, Joonas

    2003-01-01

    Rahvusvaheline koomiksifestival Berliinis 27.-31. VIII. Tuntumaid esinejaid - Roger Sabin. Näitused: "Ümber maailma 80 pildiga - rahvusvaheline koomiksikunst", "Kinderkids in Wonderland", "Miki ja Donaldi maailm läbi aegade", Art Spiegelmani "Kisses from New York", Helge Reumanni väljapanek. Eesti koomiks (Veiko Tammjärve, Joonas Sildre tööd) on esindatud Sloveenia koomiksikirjastuse Strip Core väljaannetes

  14. Ba-bah on tulnud / Liina Jänes

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jänes, Liina, 1977-

    2005-01-01

    Eesti noori disainereid-sisearhitekte ühendavast disainiagentuurist Ba-bah, selle eesmärgist. Agentuuri juhib Veiko Jääger. Mais 2005 Disaini- ja Arhitektuurigaleriis toimunud Ba-bahi avanäitusest, kus oli väljas töid EKA sisearhitektuuri, klaasi-, ehte- ja sepakunsti eriala üliõpilastelt ning metallmööbli valmistajalt Kalle Pruudenilt

  15. Vikergallup : eesti kirjandus 2000 : [vastused Vikerkaare küsimustele

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    Aut.: Epp Annus, Andres Aule, Veiko Belials, Jan Kaus, Andrus Kivirähk, Leo Luks, Hedda Maurer, Anneli Mihkelev, Marko Mägi, Aare Pilv, Jürgen Rooste, Aarne Ruben, Mihkel Samarüütel, François Serpent, Ivar Sild, Karl Martin Sinijärv, Jaak Urmet. 2000. a. parimaks uudisraamatuks tunnistati Andrus Kivirähu "Rehepapp ehk November" ja parimaks esikraamatuks Wimbergi [Jaak Urmet] "Maaaraamat"

  16. Haiglad kosusid ühekordsetest tuludest / Kadri Bank, Liis Kängsepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bank, Kadri

    2008-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Äripäev 6. aug. lk. 6. Erakorralised tulud, nagu sihtfinantseeringud ja kinnisvaratehingud, päästavad suurimate haiglate eelmise aasta majandusnäitajad, mis muidu asuksid kahjumi-kasumi piirimail. Diagramm: Haiglate majandustulemused. Kommenteerivad Põhja-Eesti Regionaalhaigla juht Tõnis Allik, Ida-Tallinna Keskhaigla juhatuse liige Kuldar Kuremaa ja Lääne-Tallinna Keskhaigla finantsjuht Veiko Vetto. Vt. samas: Tartlaste turjal suurim võlg; PERH maksab juhatusele suurimat tasu

  17. "Дева Маали" пожизненно обручена с Вейко Ыунпуу / Борис Тух

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Тух, Борис, 1946-

    2010-01-01

    Eesti Filmiajakirjanike Ühingu poolt kinos "Sõprus" väljaantud auhindadest: parimaks filmiks tunnistati ja anti üle Neitsi Maali auhind ning rahaline preemia Veiko Õunpuu mängufilmile "Püha Tõnu kiusamine". Parima filmiajakirjaniku preemia sai Enn Säde ja eripreemia Ilmar Raag blogi "Ilmari jäljed liival enne vihmasadu" eest. Parimaks välisfilmiks valiti Laurent Cantet' film "Seinte vahel" (Prantsusmaa 2008)

  18. Cannes'i viimane tulevärk / Merit Kask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kask, Merit

    2007-01-01

    60-nda Cannes'i filmifestivalil hindavad kriitikud kõrgelt Christian Mungiu "Neli kuud, kolm nädalat ja kaks päeva" (Rumeenia) ; Ethan ja Joel Coen'i "Pole maad vanadele meestele" ("No Country for Old Men" ; Ameerika Ühendriigid). Steven Soderberghi "Oceani kolmteist" pressikonverentsist. Eesti filmide saatusest filmiturul (Kadri Kõusaare "Magnus", Ilmar Raagi "Klass", Veiko Õunpuu "Sügisball")

  19. Matsalu festival - aina parem / Ingmar Muusikus ; kommenteerinud Ulvar Käärt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Muusikus, Ingmar, 1971-

    2011-01-01

    Lihulas toimunud 9. Matsalu loodusfilmide festivali fotoprogrammist. Remo Savisaare näitusest "Imelised linnud". Tiit Leito näitusest "Minevikumälestused". Mark Soosaare näitusest "Kihnukielsed ljõnnud". Jarek Jõepera ja Jaan Künnapi näitustest. Näitusest "Meil on elu keset metsa" (Veiko Belials jt.). Ulvar Käärt peapreemia saanud Oliver Götzli filmist "Skandinaavia loodus - Soome" (Saksamaa)

  20. Pimedatel Öödel võidutses Hispaania / Tiit Tuumalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuumalu, Tiit, 1971-

    2006-01-01

    10nda Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivali võidufilm EurAasia võistluskavas oli žürii (esinaine India filmiuurija Aruna Vasudev) hinnangul "TumeSininePeaaeguMust", režissöör Daniel Sanchez Arevalo : Hispaania 2006. Parima Eesti filmi au sai Veiko Õunpuu "Tühirand". Žüriiliikmete arvamusi filmide kohta. Lisatud nimekiri "Pimedate Ööde filmifestivali auhinnad"

  1. Zavershilsja kinofestival "Tjomnõje notshi" / Tiit Tuumalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuumalu, Tiit, 1971-

    2006-01-01

    10nda Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivali võidufilm EurAasia võistluskavas oli žürii (esinaine India filmiuurija Aruna Vasudev) hinnangul "TumeSininePeaaeguMust", režissöör Daniel Sanchez Arevalo : Hispaania 2006. Parima Eesti filmi au sai Veiko Õunpuu "Tühirand". Žüriiliikmete arvamusi filmide kohta. Lisatud nimekiri "Pimedate Ööde filmifestivali auhinnad"

  2. Restauratsioon / Mart Velsker

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Velsker, Mart, 1966-

    1998-01-01

    Arvustus: Üheksavägine. Tartu : Erakkond, 1997.Märka, Veiko. Tühja aju korinad; Rahman, Jan. Vasõst vask; Rüütle, Indrek. Lahkumine Puhjast; Serpent, Franȯis. Ka jumal on inimene (kõik EK$i Kaasaegse Kirjanduse Keskuse väljaanded, Tartu, 1997). Vastukaja: Pilv, Aare. Vastuseks Mart Velskri 'Restauratsioonile' // Vikerkaar (1998) nr. 4-5, lk. 185-186

  3. Noor film oli jumekas / Jaan Ruus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruus, Jaan, 1938-2017

    2006-01-01

    8. Eesti filmi päevade võistluskavas osales 40 filmi. Parimaks mängufilmiks valiti "Tühirand" (režii Veiko Õunpuu). Enim vaadatud filmi auhinna sai Vladimir Karassev-Orgussaare mängufilm "Lindpriid" (1971). Huvitavad filmid on veel "Tabamata ime" (6 režissööri lühifilmid), Kullar Viimse "Sunnitud", Rein Kotovi "6 tundi", Pärtel Talli "Teatriporgand"

  4. Teatriekspressiga Äksist Põltsamaale / Riina Mägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mägi, Riina, 1957-

    2007-01-01

    Jõgevamaa harrastus- ja projektitruppide vabaõhulavastuste esietendustest 2006. aastal : Priit Aimla "Saadjärve saamise lugu" (Tabivere Harrastusteater, lavastaja Tõnis Lepp), Oskar Lutsu loomingust inspireeritud Veiko Märka "Sabani sõlmes Luts" (Palamuse Amatöörteater, lavastaja Raivo Adlas), Marina Carri "Kassirabal" projektitrupi esituses, lavastaja Ain Saviauk, Mati Tiku "Legend" (Saare Valla Metsateater, lavastaja autor), Ain Saviaugu "Ulm ehk Unistus Liivimaast" (Põltsamaa teater Ellunäod, lavastaja autor)

  5. Eesti mängufilmid võitsid jälle

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Veiko Õunpuu mängufilm "Sügisball" sai 48. Thessaloniki filmifestivalil parima režii auhinna, Ilmar Raagi "Klass" Makedoonias Skopjes 6. Euroopa filmide festivalil CinEdays peaauhinna Kuldne Täht, Kadri Kõusaare "Magnus" Minskis festivalil "Listopad" žürii diplomi ja Marko Raadi "Nuga" Peterburis 10. festivalil "Deboshir Film - Puhtad unelmad" žürii auhinna

  6. Kuldmunast žürii liikme pilguga / Lylian Meister

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Meister, Lylian, 1966-

    2010-01-01

    2010. a. disainiauhinna Bruno žürii liikme kommentaarid kandidaatidele ja jagatud auhindadele. Tootedisaini kategoorias pälvis auhinna Veiko Liisi kilepiima voldik-kann, parimaks disainiprojektiks valiti Maarja Mõtuse jalatsiprojekt "Võru'82", design management'i auhind läks Kadarbiku tallu. Disainiauhinna kandidaatide tööde näitus Arhitektuuri- ja Disainigaleriis 8. okt.-ni, Rotermanni kvartali vanas elevaatorihoones 3. okt.-ni ("100 meetrit disaini")

  7. Inside charged black holes. II. Baryons plus dark matter

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hamilton, Andrew J.S.; Pollack, Scott E.

    2005-01-01

    This is the second of two companion papers on the interior structure of self-similar accreting charged black holes. In the first paper, the black hole was allowed to accrete only a single fluid of charged baryons. In this second paper, the black hole is allowed to accrete in addition a neutral fluid of almost noninteracting dark matter. Relativistic streaming between outgoing baryons and ingoing dark matter leads to mass inflation near the inner horizon. When enough dark matter has been accreted that the center-of-mass frame near the inner horizon is ingoing, then mass inflation ceases and the fluid collapses to a central singularity. A null singularity does not form on the Cauchy horizon. Although the simultaneous presence of ingoing and outgoing fluids near the inner horizon is essential to mass inflation, reducing one or the other of the ingoing dark matter or outgoing baryonic streams to a trace relative to the other stream makes mass inflation more extreme, not the other way around as one might naively have expected. Consequently, if the dark matter has a finite cross section for being absorbed into the baryonic fluid, then the reduction of the amount of ingoing dark matter merely makes inflation more extreme, the interior mass exponentiating more rapidly and to a larger value before mass inflation ceases. However, if the dark matter absorption cross section is effectively infinite at high collision energy, so that the ingoing dark matter stream disappears completely, then the outgoing baryonic fluid can drop through the Cauchy horizon. In all cases, as the baryons and the dark matter voyage to their diverse fates inside the black hole, they only ever see a finite amount of time pass by in the outside universe. Thus the solutions do not depend on what happens in the infinite past or future. We discuss in some detail the physical mechanism that drives mass inflation. Although the gravitational force is inward, inward means opposite direction for ingoing and

  8. Ugalas valmivad uuslavastused suurtele ja väikestele / Helle Leppik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leppik, Helle

    2009-01-01

    Ugala teatris esietendub 27. novembril "Nii nagu taevas", mille on Kay Pollaki samanimelise filmi järgi dramatiseerinud Sofia Aminoff, lavastanud Ingo Normet. Valmimas on jõululavastus lastele "Nähtamatu varandus". Silvia Soro näidendi lavastab Leino Rei

  9. Swapan K Datta

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Swapan Datta has vast experience in plant biotechnology and agricultural science. Associated with Prof. Wenzel as DAAD Fellow at Institute of Resistance Genetics, Germany, Prof. Ingo Potrykus at ETH-Zurich and Prof. Gurdev Khush at IRRI, Philippines (1985–2005), he developed genetically improved rice, e.g., Golden ...

  10. Stability Analysis for Hybrid Automata Using Conservative Gains

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Langerak, Romanus; Engell, S.; Guegen, H.; Polderman, Jan W.; Krilavicius, T.; Zaytoon, J.

    2003-01-01

    This paper presents a stability analysis approach for a class of hybrid automata. It is assumed that the dynamics in each location of the hybrid automaton is linear and asymptotically stable, and that the guards on the transitions are hyperplanes in the state space. For each pair of ingoing and

  11. Filling the gaps

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tota, Pasqua Marina

    2014-01-01

    ) with the main aim to achieve basic education for all children, youth and adults. A participant in this process since 2000 is the Global Campaign for Education (GCE), an advocacy network of INGOs, established jointly by Oxfam, ActionAid International, Education International and Global March Against Child Labour...

  12. 75 FR 81405 - Portfolio Holdings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-28

    ... Freddie Mac. Under the PSPAs, each Enterprise's business operations was fortified through an initial... common stock. In addition, the Enterprises agreed to limitations on their business activities. In...-going oversight of the Enterprises' risk management practices. Under the PSPAs, the Treasury provides...

  13. Design of a concentric heat exchanger using computational fluid dynamics as design tool

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oosterhuis, Joris; Bühler, Simon; wilcox, D; van der Meer, Theodorus H.

    2013-01-01

    A concentric gas-to-gas heat exchanger is designed for application as a recuperator in the domestic boiler industry. The recuperator recovers heat from the exhaust gases of a combustion process to preheat the ingoing gaseous fuel mixture resulting in increased fuel efficiency. This applied study

  14. ÜRO peakorterile otsitakse naabrit / Maria-Kristiina Soomre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soomre, Maria-Kristiina, 1978-

    2001-01-01

    New Yorki, ÜRO peakorterist lõunasse hakatakse ehitama uut hoonet. Arhitektuurikonkursist on kutsutud osalema: David Childs, Richard Meier ja Peter Eisenmann; Schuman Lichtenstein Claman Efron ja HOK arhitektid; Kohn Pederson Fox, Davis Brody Bond, Toyo Ito ja Rem Koolhaas; Henry Cobb, James Ingo Freed ja Machado & Silvetti Associates; Christian de Portzamparc ja Gary Edward Handel & Associates

  15. Forum Academicum in itinere : [juriidiliste formularide kogumik] / tõlkinud Nele Siimre ... [jt.] ; Forum Academicum Inter Nationes ; koost. Andrus Miilaste ; toim. Virve Tamm, Andrus Miilaste ; eess.: Peter-Friedrich Krienitz

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1996-01-01

    Sisaldab ka: Õigusriigi ülesanded : säilitada ja muuta / Ingo von Münch, tlk. Mari Tarvas, Andrus Miilaste ; Inglismaa konstitutsioonist. Seadusandluse vaimust / Charles Montesquieu, tlk. Kattri Türk ; Loodusseadus. Seadustest / Cicero, tlk. Kattri Türk

  16. CFD as a Design Tool for a Concentric Heat Exchanger

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oosterhuis, Joris; Bühler, Simon; wilcox, D; van der Meer, Theodorus H.

    2012-01-01

    A concentric gas-to-gas heat exchanger is designed for application as a recuperator in the domestic boiler industry. The recuperator recovers heat from the exhaust gases of a combustion process to preheat the ingoing gaseous fuel mixture resulting in increased fuel efficiency. This applied study

  17. Quantum information and information loss in general relativity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hooft, G. 't

    1996-01-01

    When it comes to performing thought experiments with black holes, Einstein-Bohr like discussions have to be re-opened. For instance one can ask what happens to the quantum state of a black hole when the wave function of a single ingoing particle is replaced by an other one that is orthogonal to the

  18. Narr kui ajastu metafoor / Kärt Hellerma

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hellerma, Kärt, 1956-

    2001-01-01

    William Shakespeare'i "Kuningas Lear" (lav. Priit Pedajas) ja Pedro Calder̤n de la Barca "Elu on unenägu" (lav. Ingo Normet) Eesti Draamateatris. Ilmunud ka kogumikus : Hellerma, Kärt. Avanenud ruum. Tallinn : Eesti Keele Sihtasutus, 2006, lk. 213-216. Pealk. Narr kui meie aja kangelane

  19. The Effectiveness of International Non-Governmental Organizations' Response Operations during Public Health Emergency: Lessons Learned from the 2014 Ebola Outbreak in Sierra Leone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shin, Yoon Ah; Yeo, Jungwon; Jung, Kyujin

    2018-04-01

    International Nongovernmental Organizations (INGOs) have played critical roles in improving the quality of primary health care in ordinary time and, indeed, responding to epidemic crises in developing countries. Due to a lack of empirical research for effectiveness of their responding activities, the legitimacy and accountability of nonprofits' engagement in the health crisis as a critical responder is doubted. This paper aims to examine the effectiveness of INGOs in a context of managing a fatal epidemic outbreak of Ebola in Sierra Leone during May-November, 2014; building healthcare infrastructures, providing medical supplies, educating local residents, and training response staffs. The analysis results show that development of healthcare infrastructures and provision of medical supplies have been significantly effective in terms of decreasing the severity of the crisis in chiefdoms. The findings imply that policy tools, which allow INGOs to enter to the field in a timely manner, can improve the effectiveness of INGOs' responses in current and future epidemic outbreaks in developing countries where people suffer from a lack of health infrastructures.

  20. The Role of International Non-Governmental Organisations in Promoting Adult Education for Social Change: A Research Agenda

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoff, Lutz; Hickling-Hudson, Anne

    2011-01-01

    This paper explores the role of International Non-Governmental Organisations (INGOs) in adult education as one instrument of global civil society to effect social change. Postcolonial theory is utilized to explore the complex relationships between the concepts of "globalisation", "global civil, society", and "adult education for social change". In…

  1. Filling the Gaps: The Role and Impact of International Non-Governmental Organisations in "Education for All"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tota, Pasqua Marina

    2014-01-01

    This article discusses the involvement of international non-governmental organisations (INGOs) in transnational education policy-making, with particular reference to the global initiative Education for All (EFA). EFA is a policy process carried out by international governmental organisations (IGOs) with the main aim to achieve basic education for…

  2. International Non Governmental Organizations

    OpenAIRE

    Saunier , Pierre-Yves

    2009-01-01

    This entry considers the history of INGOs in the last two centuries and suggests possible venues for future research.; Cette entrée revient sur l'histoire des organisations internationales non gouvernementales au cours des deux derniers siècles et propose quelques pistes de recherche.

  3. Travelling Policies and Global Buzzwords: How International Non-Governmental Organizations and Charities Spread the Word about Early Childhood in the Global South

    Science.gov (United States)

    Penn, Helen

    2011-01-01

    This article is based on a web-search commissioned by an international charity to review the work of international non-governmental organizations (INGOs) and charities which promote and support early childhood education and care (ECEC) in the global South. The article examines examples of such initiatives. It is suggested that there is…

  4. Kolleegide tunnustus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Teatri Vanemuine draamatrupp valis kolleegipreemiate laureaadid 2010. a. tööde põhjal. Naispeaosa auhinna sai Külliki Saldre, meespeaosa auhinna Aivar Tommingas, naiskõrvalosa auhinna Maarja Mitt, meeskõrvalosa auhinna Margus Jaanovits. Parim lavastus - Ingo Normeti "Huntluts"

  5. Black hole unitarity and antipodal entanglement

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    't Hooft, Gerard

    Hawking particles emitted by a black hole are usually found to have thermal spectra, if not exactly, then by a very good approximation. Here, we argue differently. It was discovered that spherical partial waves of in-going and out-going matter can be described by unitary evolution operators

  6. Meeting report: Comparative aeronomy in the solar system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mueller-Wodarg, Ingo; Bunce, Emma

    2003-04-01

    The coupled upper atmospheres, ionospheres and magnetospheres of the planets were the subject of a joint RAS-G/MIST discussion meeting hosted by the RAS on 10 January 2003, organized by Ingo Mueller-Wodarg and Emma Bunce. The scientific programme consisted of 10 presentations by speakers from the UK, France, USA and Australia.

  7. Meeting report: A young person's guide to the planets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ball, Andrew

    2004-02-01

    The UK Planetary Forum's Young Person's Planetary Meeting was a chance for young researchers to meet, speak and discuss their research with others from across the UK and to build new research contacts. The one-day symposium was organized by the UKPF with support from the RAS. Andrew Ball, Ingo Mueller-Wodarg and Tom Stallard report.

  8. Southern Forests: a Journal of Forest Science - Vol 199 (2003)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    African sandalwood (Osyris lanceolata): resource assessment and quality variation among populations in Tanzania: research note · EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. PL Mwang'ingo, Z Teklehaimanot, JB Hall, LLL Lulandala, 77-88 ...

  9. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 1 - 50 of 506 ... PL Mwang'ingo, Z Teklehaimanot, JB Hall, LLL Lulandala. Vol 206 (2006), Age determination of miombo species Brachystegia spiciformis (Leguminosae – Caesalpinoideae) in Zimbabwe using growth rings, Abstract. IM Grundy. Vol 73, No 2 (2011), Air layering and its potential in propagating Uapaca ...

  10. The wave of foreign acquisitions: The case of Denmark in 1980s and the 1990s

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Strandskov, Jesper

    2012-01-01

    The event of the EU single market between 1986 and 1992 was a major determinant of foreign acquisition of Danish firms. The article presents for the first time an analysis of the ingoing direct investments into Denmark over the period 1984-1996. Based on a near-exhaustive sample of foreign...

  11. Boson-soliton scattering in the sine-Gordon model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lowe, M.

    1979-01-01

    In this paper the author calculates the boson-soliton scattering amplitudes for various processes in the sine-Gordon model to obtain results in agreement with the prediction of no-particle production and equality of ingoing and outgoing sets of momenta. (Auth.)

  12. Müncheni metroo punane liin / Marje Tammert

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tammert, Marje

    2004-01-01

    1999. a. avatud Müncheni uude messikeskusesse viiva allmaaraudteeliini U2 pikenduse ootesaalide kujundus. Metroopeatuse Messestadt West arhitektuurne välislahendus on Kopenhaageni büroolt BBP-Arkitekter, ootesaali värvikujunduse autor Heribert Heindl. Moosfeldi ootesaali valgusprojekti autor Ingo Maurer. Truderingi ootesaalis Sophie Kaiseri projekt "Tattoo + Spiele". 3 ill

  13. Zizula hylax (Fabricius, 1775) new butterfly species for Socotra (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Fric, Zdeněk; Hula, V.

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 41, č. 164 (2013), s. 571-575 ISSN 0300-5267 Grant - others:MŠMT(CZ) INGO LA 10036 Institutional support: RVO:60077344 Keywords : Zizula hylax Subject RIV: EG - Zoology Impact factor: 0.304, year: 2013

  14. Globalising Service-Learning in the Social Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Limoncelli, Stephanie A.

    2017-01-01

    The increasing internationalisation of social science curricula in undergraduate education along with the growth of service-learning has provided new opportunities to join the two. This article offers a refection and discussion of service-learning with placements in international nongovernmental organisations (INGOs), drawing from its application…

  15. Vahetusüliõpilased Tallinnas piire ületamas / Hanneleen Pihlak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pihlak, Hanneleen

    2008-01-01

    Jaanuarist märtsini õppis EMTA Lavakunstikoolis 16 vahetusüliõpilast Londoni teatrikoolist, Rose Brufordi kolledzhist. Näitlemisõppe lõputööna valmis neil õppejõudude Kärt Tominga ja Ingo Normeti juhendamisel Bertolt Brechti näidend "Kaukaasia kriidiring"

  16. Laguthewas Togt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2006-01-01

    For the interactive exhibition 'Laguthewas Expedition', the development of approx. 20 flash animations based on Ingo Milton's comic-style drawings. The animations were used as part of an interactive board game in the exhibition, where children using game pieces could put together a narrative...

  17. Kirjad ja kriisid / Aita Kivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivi, Aita, 1954-

    2001-01-01

    Sisu : Maimu Veske. Continental; Maeve Haran. Tangot tantsitakse kahekesi; Zana Muhsen. Müüdud; Ingo Schulze. 33 õnnehetke; Alistair MacLean. Karusaar; Suur uneraamat, koost. Raisa Vuohelainen; Arbujad, koost. Ants Oras; Friedrich Weissensteiner. Kuulsad enesetapjad; Peter A. Clayton. Vaaraode kroonika; Lillede keel

  18. Non-commutative black hole algebra and string theory from gravity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Haro, S. de

    1998-01-01

    We generalize the action found by 't Hooft, which describes the gravitational interaction between ingoing and outgoing particles in the neighbourhood of a black hole. The effect of this back-reaction is that of a shock wave, and it provides a mec hanism for reco vering information about the momen

  19. The precariousness of the franchise state: Voluntary sector health services and international NGOs in Tanzania, 1960s - mid-1980s.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jennings, Michael

    2015-09-01

    This paper challenges conventional narratives on the role of international non-governmental organisations (INGOs) in the delivery of health services in Tanzania. Adopting an historical gaze which focuses on the 1960s to mid-1980s the paper argues that the 'franchise state' in the Tanzanian health system was not created by collusion between international donors and INGOs, underpinned by a set of health sector reforms that advocated the use of non-state actors; but was rather the legacy of the colonial health system bequeathed to the post-independence state. It was a system in which voluntary non-state actors (but, importantly, not INGOs) were already entrenched as key providers; and in which many of the features of the franchise state - fragmentation, structural weaknesses, lack of accountability to users - were already long established. But if INGOs did not create these features, as their critics attest, they did contribute to the maintenance and extension of these features. The short-term perspectives of NGOs, their small-scale piecemeal engagement, and the extra demands they placed upon their voluntary actor partners, left little scope for the development of sustainable, national and accountable solutions to the health needs of the country. In exploring these ideas, the paper contributes to a more nuanced understanding of the path dependency that created Tanzania's health system. The analysis also contributes to a deepening of the understanding of the make-up of the voluntary sector beyond a narrow gaze on the institution of the INGO. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. Interior structure of rotating black holes. III. Charged black holes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hamilton, Andrew J. S.

    2011-01-01

    This paper extends to the case of charged rotating black holes the conformally stationary, axisymmetric, conformally separable solutions presented for uncharged rotating black holes in a companion paper. In the present paper, the collisionless fluid accreted by the black hole may be charged. The charge of the black hole is determined self-consistently by the charge accretion rate. As in the uncharged case, hyper-relativistic counterstreaming between ingoing and outgoing streams drives inflation at (just above) the inner horizon, followed by collapse. If both ingoing and outgoing streams are charged, then conformal separability holds during early inflation, but fails as inflation develops. If conformal separability is imposed throughout inflation and collapse, then only one of the ingoing and outgoing streams can be charged: the other must be neutral. Conformal separability prescribes a hierarchy of boundary conditions on the ingoing and outgoing streams incident on the inner horizon. The dominant radial boundary conditions require that the incident ingoing and outgoing number densities be uniform with latitude, but the charge per particle must vary with latitude such that the incident charge densities vary in proportion to the radial electric field. The subdominant angular boundary conditions require specific forms of the incident number- and charge-weighted angular motions. If the streams fall freely from outside the horizon, then the prescribed angular conditions can be achieved by the charged stream, but not by the neutral stream. Thus, as in the case of an uncharged black hole, the neutral stream must be considered to be delivered ad hoc to just above the inner horizon.

  1. Kroonipalaviku põhjustajad tegelevad valuutaäriga / Andrus Karnau, Aleksei Günter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karnau, Andrus

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke, 28. nov. 2007, lk. 2. Firmade Ärif OÜ ja Baltoc Forex OÜ ärimeeste Jevgeni Kanteri, Aleksander Tshebõkini ja Kirill Shevtshenko seotusest venekeelse ärifoorumiga, mis riputas üles teate krooni devalveerimise kohta selleks, et õppida käitumist kriisiolukorras. Öise Vahtkonna rollist rahavahetuse põhjustamisel. Vt. samas: Hindrek Riikoja. Paanika tõi rahavahetustesse üle 30 miljoni krooni. Kommenteerivad Mart Sõrg, Veiko Maripuu

  2. Glavnõi priz PÖFF ujehhal v Turtsiju / Tiit Tuumalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuumalu, Tiit, 1971-

    2007-01-01

    Lõppes 11. Pimedate Ööde Filmifestival. EurAsia programmi grand prix läks Türgi filmile "Takva", parim režissöör on Aleksandr Sokurov ("Aleksandra"), parima naisnäitleja auhinna sai Maarja Jakobson ("Sügisball"), parima meesnäitleja auhinna sai Zdenek Sverak ("Tühjad pudelid"). Parim Eesti film on "Sügisball", mis üldse sai festivalil kuus auhinda. Lisaks auhinnasaajate nimekiri ja lühiintervjuu "3 voprossa" Veiko Õunpuult

  3. PÖFFi võit läks Türki, "Sügisballil" läks hästi / Tiit Tuumalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuumalu, Tiit, 1971-

    2007-01-01

    Lõppes 11. Pimedate Ööde Filmifestival. EurAsia programmi grand prix läks Türgi filmile "Takva", parim režissöör on Aleksandr Sokurov ("Aleksandra"), parima naisnäitleja auhinna sai Maarja Jakobson ("Sügisball"), parima meesnäitleja auhinna sai Zdenek Sverak ("Tühjad pudelid"). Parim Eesti film on "Sügisball", mis üldse sai festivalil kuus auhinda. Lisaks nimekiri "Pimedate Ööde filmifestival jagas auhindu" ja lühiintervjuu "3 küsimust" Veiko Õunpuult

  4. Economies of scale and competitiveness of an enterprise

    OpenAIRE

    Maksvytienė, Inga

    2007-01-01

    Straipsnyje vertinama masto ekonomijos bei neekonomijos ir įmonės dydžio tarpusavio ryšio poveikio įmonės konkurencingumui galimybė. Veikiant masto ekonomijos ir neekonomijos sąveikos mechanizmui, vidutiniai gamybos kaštai mažėja ir įmonės konkurencingumas didėja. The aim of the research is to introduce the role of enterprise scale under the conditions of competition. In the article the theoretical model of scale economies and diseconomies interaction influence on the competitive ability o...

  5. Vikergallup : eesti kirjandus 2001 : [vastused Vikerkaare küsitlusele

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Aut.: Vahur Afanasjev, Veiko Belials, Piret Jaaks, Jan Kaus, Janek Kraavi, Priit Kruus, Leo Luks, Ilona Martson, Hedda Maurer, Anneli Mihkelev, Jürgen Rooste, Aarne Ruben, Mihkel Samarüütel, François Serpent, Ivar Sild, Karl Martin Sinijärv, Lauri Sommer, Jaak Urmet, Berk Vaher. 2001. a. parima uudisraamatu tiitlit jagasid Mehis Heinsaare "Härra Pauli kroonikad", Jan Kausi "Maailm ja mõni" ning Ene Mihkelsoni "Ahasveeruse uni"; parimaks esikraamatuks valiti Mehis Heinsaare "Vanameeste näppaja"

  6. Tähed disainiöös / Mait Summatavet, Risto Räägel, Per Mollerup...[jt.] ; interv. Karin Paulus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Disainiöö raames avati Arhitektuuri- ja Disainigaleriis näitus "Kokkupandavad asjad" ning kuulutati välja konkursi võitjad. Peapreemia võitis läti disaineri Elina Bushmane kokkupandav teelaud, teise koha Jaana Päeva tekstiilist kott, kolmanda koha Ingrem Floreni käekott. Ära märgiti Veiko Liisi kilepiima vutlar. Disainiöö üritustest ning konkursitöödest räägivad Mait Summatavet, Per Mollerup, Simo Heikkilä, Risto Räägel

  7. Meie kobar PÖFFi peamises põõsas / Tarmo Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teder, Tarmo, 1958-

    2007-01-01

    Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivalist, Eesti filmide võistlusprogrammist, mille auhinna rahastajaks on Scottish Leader Eesti. Konkurssprogrammis on 12 täispikka filmi: "Sügisball" (rezh. Veiko Õunpuu), "Nuga" (rezh. Marko Raat), "Dirigendi kõla" (rezh. Helle Karis, Peter Murdmaa), "Vastutuulesaal" (rezh. Priit Valkna), "Klass" (rezh. Ilmar Raag), "Kuhu põgenevad hinged" (rezh. Rainer Sarnet), "Tervitusi Nõukogude Eestist!" (rezh. Urmas Eero Liiv), "Jonathan Austraaliast" (rezh. Sulev Keedus), "Georg" (rezh. Peeter Simm), "Debora Vaarandi aeg" (rezh. Katrin Laur), "Jan Uuspõld läheb Tartusse" (rezh. Andres Maimik, Rain Tolk), "Põdra kuningriik" (rezh. Rein Maran)

  8. Jätkusuutlikkusest tervisesektoris / Tiit Siinmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Siinmaa, Tiit

    2005-01-01

    Ülevaade 24. novembril 2005. a. Tallinnas Salme kultuurikeskuses toimunud tervisefoorumi "Eesti tervisesüsteemi arengud ja väljakutsed" kolmanda sessiooni ettekannetest. Esinesid Maailma Tervishoiuorganisatsiooni Euroopa regionaalse kontori tervisesüsteemide finantseerimise regionaalnõunik Joseph Kutzin, Singapuri ülikooli tervisepoliitika ja -juhtimise professor Kai Hong Phua, rahandusministeeriumi finantspoliitika asekantsler Veiko Tali, sotsiaalministeeriumi terviseala asekantsler Ivi Normet, Tervise Arengu Instituudi arenduskeskuse juhataja kt Aljona Kurbatova ja Euroopa Rahvatervise Assotsiatsiooni juhtkomitee liige dr Anu Kasmel. Lisatud statistilised tabelid ja diagrammid

  9. EKA 90. aastapäeva juubelinädalale on planeeritud mitmeid üritusi nii peamajas kui osakondades

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Kunstööstuskooli tutvustavast näitusest. 29. X audoktorite Udo Kultermanni ja Juhani Pallasmaa loengud ning ümarlaua ettekanded (osalejad loetletud), ümarlauda juhib Jüri Soolep. EKA galeriis valgusinstallatsioonide näitus "Think Lightly", osalevad Sirli Põllumäe, Riho Tiivel, Helis Podnek, Marion Uuspõld, Pent Talvet, Mehis Tiitsar, Merike Rehepapp, Veiko Vaine. Üliõpilaste loomingu väljapanekud. 30. X vilistlaspäev, pidulikul aktusel promoveeritakse audoktoriteks Juhani Pallasmaa, Udo Kultermann, Lars Olof Larsson ja Yrjö Sotamaa. Vabade kunstide osakonna rändnäitus "Ekskursioon" sisekaitseakadeemias

  10. Biofortification of essential nutritional compounds and trace elements in rice and cassava

    OpenAIRE

    Sautter, C.; Poletti, S.; Zhang, P.; Gruissem, W.

    2017-01-01

    Plant biotechnology can make important contributions to food security and nutritional improvement. For example, the development of ‘Golden Rice' by Professor Ingo Potrykus was a milestone in the application of gene technology to deliver both increased nutritional qualities and health improvement to wide sections of the human population. Mineral nutrient and protein deficiency as well as food security remain the most important challenges for developing countries. Current projects are addressin...

  11. Management of International Institutions and NGOs. Frameworks, practices and challenges

    OpenAIRE

    E. Missoni; D. Alesani

    2014-01-01

    International Institutions (IIs), International NGOs (INGOs) and Transnational Hybrid Organizations (THOs) play a hugely important role in the modern world economy. Despite having been studied by scholars from a range of disciplines, these organizations have never before been approached from a management perspective. This ambitious book analyzes the management challenges associated with interna- tional cooperation and sheds light on how these organizations have evolved as the political, econo...

  12. Sealpool nukkude orgu asub pop-voodoo / Aleksander Tsapov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tsapov, Aleksander

    2006-01-01

    Ekstsentrilisest disainist. Raffaele Ianello ja Irene van Gesteli noa- ja hambaorgihoidjad, Philippe Starcki ja Critz Campbelli tugitool-valgustid, August de Martinville'i papist jahitrofee, Sebastian E. partlamp, Isabelle Leijni keraamilised kiivrid, Harry Alleni hoiupõrsas jm. High-tech kodusisustuse näiteid: Jackie Shapiro disainitud taldrikud, Frank Gehry sofa, Ingo Maureri Campari Soda lamp, Sonya Chow siilvalgusti, Mathias Bengtssoni (sünd. 1971) alumiiniumtool, Piet Houtenbosi õlilambid jm.

  13. Contributors

    OpenAIRE

    2017-01-01

    Working Group on Infrastructure Finance Stern School of Business, New York University Pankaj Ghemawat, Professor of Management Joel Hasbrouck, Professor of Finance Peter Henry, Professor of Economics Michael Posner, Professor of Business and Society Paul Romer, Professor of Economics Michael Spence, Professor of Economics Paul Tice, Executive in Residence Stijn Van Nieuwerburgh, Professor of Finance Ingo Walter, Professor Emeritus of Finance Tensie Whelan, Professor of Business and Society La...

  14. Hawking radiation from a rotating acoustic black hole

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhang Lichun; Li Huaifan; Zhao Ren

    2011-01-01

    Using the new global embedding approach and analytical continuation method of wave function we discuss Hawking radiation of acoustic black holes. Unruh-Hawking temperature of the acoustic black hole is derived. The corresponding relation between these methods calculating Hawking radiation of acoustic black hole is established. The calculation result shows that the contributions of chemical potential to the ingoing wave and the outgoing wave are the same.

  15. The temperature in Hawking radiation as tunneling

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhang Baocheng; Cai Qingyu; Zhan Mingsheng

    2009-01-01

    The quasi-classical method of deriving Hawking radiation under the consideration of canonical invariance is investigated. We find that the horizon should be regarded as a two-way barrier and the ingoing amplitude should be calculated according to the negative energy particles tunneling into the black hole because of the whole space-time interchange and thus the standard Hawking temperature is recovered. We also discuss the advantage of the Painleve coordinates in Hawking radiation as tunneling

  16. Mõtestatud käsitöölised / Tõnu Kaalep

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaalep, Tõnu, 1966-2018

    1999-01-01

    Tartu Kunstikoolist väljakasvanud mööblikujundajate ئ Priit Verlin, Rain Pluutus, Priit Videvik, Maarja Inno, Dan Lukas ئ rühmitusest Class X Furniture. Nende loomingu vastandumisest trendiga, praegusest tegevusest jm. Toimetaja Ingo Maurer on valinud P. Verlini tooli 'Allegro' järgmisse Disaini Aastaraamatusse. Jaak Roosi oma põhimõtetest mööblikujundajate õpetamisel Tartu Kunstikoolis. Harry Liivranna arvamus. Kommentaarid: P. Verlin, R. Pluutus

  17. Violent lives and peaceful schools: NGO constructions of modern childhood and the role of the state

    OpenAIRE

    Wells, Karen

    2015-01-01

    This chapter explores how children have become a central, if not the central, figure of (international) development, and girls the ideal subject of development. It analyses the role of Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) and International Non-Governmental Organisations (INGOs) in discursively constructing girls this way. In this construction interventions on gender violence are largely reduced to interventions on access to schooling on the assumption that the integration of girls into a par...

  18. The Effectiveness of International Non-Governmental Organizations’ Response Operations during Public Health Emergency: Lessons Learned from the 2014 Ebola Outbreak in Sierra Leone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shin, Yoon Ah; Yeo, Jungwon

    2018-01-01

    International Nongovernmental Organizations (INGOs) have played critical roles in improving the quality of primary health care in ordinary time and, indeed, responding to epidemic crises in developing countries. Due to a lack of empirical research for effectiveness of their responding activities, the legitimacy and accountability of nonprofits’ engagement in the health crisis as a critical responder is doubted. This paper aims to examine the effectiveness of INGOs in a context of managing a fatal epidemic outbreak of Ebola in Sierra Leone during May–November, 2014; building healthcare infrastructures, providing medical supplies, educating local residents, and training response staffs. The analysis results show that development of healthcare infrastructures and provision of medical supplies have been significantly effective in terms of decreasing the severity of the crisis in chiefdoms. The findings imply that policy tools, which allow INGOs to enter to the field in a timely manner, can improve the effectiveness of INGOs’ responses in current and future epidemic outbreaks in developing countries where people suffer from a lack of health infrastructures. PMID:29614756

  19. International Organizations: the Main Factors of Emergence and Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lev S. Voronkov

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The author argues that the emergence of the first permanent intergovernmental (IIGO and non-governmental (INGO organizationsin the second half of the XIX-th century was due to common causes. He tries to justify the need to consider them not as independent objects of study, but as the phenomenon, caused by the high level of internationalization of economic life of states and of socio-economic consequences of the industrial revolution, reached in this period. The emergence of IIGOs, based on international treaty, was accompanied by establishment of a large number of INGOs operating in similar fields of human activity, which performed supplementary functions and regulated areas of cooperation and public needs, not covered by interstate agreements. The article presents the main factors that in later stages of internationalization and development of contemporary international relations gave the impetus to emergence and development of international organizations, including the military-technological revolution, that gave birth to mass destruction weapons and avalanche-like growth of the number of human and material losses during wars and military conflicts, the Cold War between world communism and world capitalism, the collapse of the colonial system and formation ofa new main contradiction of the world politics between the "Club of rich countries" and states of the "global periphery", beginning of development of regional integration processes and, finally, the emergence of global problems. The article emphasizes that both IIGOs and INGOs evolved from the supportive tools in implementation of multilateral interaction of sovereign states towards becoming an integral part of contemporary international relations, fulfilling many vital functions of modern human society and its citizens. Given the involvement of the overwhelming majority of modern sovereign states and tens of thousands of civil society organizations in activity of numerical IIGOs and INGOs

  20. Vikergallup : Eesti kirjandus 2007

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    23 arvustaja vastus küsimusele, milline oli 2007. aasta parim uudisraamat ja debüütteos. Mainiti järgnevaid autoreid ja nende teoseid: Jaan Kaplinski "Seesama jõgi" (parim uudisteos), Andrus Kivirähk "Mees, kes teadis ussisõnu", Aare Pilv "Näoline", Mehis Heinsaar "Rändaja õnn", Kivisildnik "Sumo", Mihkel Mutt "Siseemigrant", Doris Kareva "Lõige", Ene Mihkelson "Katkuhaud", Veiko Märka "Lendas üle marmortahvli", Andra Teede "Saage üle", Maria Lee "Äramõte", Edvin Aedma "Inimene ja draakon", Andres Anvelt "Punane elavhõbe", Kerle Arula "Paplitüdruku talv", Jim Ashilevi "Nagu poisid vihma käes", Urmas Nimetu "Langemine alla nulli"; parimad debüütteosed olid Epp Annuse "Sina, Matilda" ja Peeter Helme "Puudutus"

  1. The peculiarities of public relations and new media interaction

    OpenAIRE

    Vinevičiūtė, Ernesta

    2009-01-01

    Magistro darbo objektas – teorinė literatūra, publikacijos apie naująją žiniasklaidą. Darbo tikslas − išnagrinėti ryšių su visuomene ir šiuolaikinės žiniasklados sąveikos ypatumus. Darbo uždaviniai: įvardinti šiuolaikinės žiniasklaidos sampratą; išskirti jos skirtumus nuo tradicinės žiniasklaidos; išnagrinėti kaip naujosios technologijos paveikė žiniasklaidą, ryšių su visuomene veiklą; kaip naujųjų technologijų kaita paveikė ryšių su visuomene ir žiniasklaidos sąveiką; išnagrinėti šiuol...

  2. Aporia of secessionism in international relations : idealism (liberalism) versus realism

    OpenAIRE

    Vaitkus, Artūras

    2011-01-01

    Šiame straipsnyje analizuojama secesijos aporija kaip fundamentali tarptautinių santykių problema. Secesijos, kuri apibrėžiama kaip modernus politinis fenomenas, aporiškumas reiškia imanentinį jos traktavimo sąlygiškumą tarptautiniuose santykiuose. Siekiama pagrįsti, jog šis sąlygiškumas kyląs iš skirtingų filosofinių ir teorinių tarptautinių santykių idėjinių stovyklų idealizmo ir realizmo postulatų sąveikos: idealizmo teorinė pozicija sudaro prielaidas legitimuoti secesijos fenomeną tarptau...

  3. Kunstiakadeemia lõpetajad 2005 / Karin Paulus, Tanel Veenre, Tõnu Kaalep

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paulus, Karin, 1975-

    2005-01-01

    Valik Eesti Kunstiakadeemia bakalaureusetöid: Elize Hiiobi "Nimeta ehe", Anton Kooviti uued kirjatüübid, Raili Ilmsalu kipsskulptuur "Eva", Aleksei Aljoshini "Futuristlik spordirõivas", Merle Kasoneni töö "Võimalused", Leena Lüteri draakon "Isiklik kaitsja", Ave Maseri miniatuurid "Teised", Kärt Põldmani "Punased kingad", Riho Tiiveli vetelpäästesüsteem, Ester Kannelmäe rõivakollektsioon "Ahistab", töö "Eesti rahvalaulud", Helena Vaidla mosaiik "Veesilm", Merike Estna kineetiline maal "Punamütsike: I am the Prettiest Girl in the World", Eilve Mangluse käeobjektid, Annike Oldre maal "Üksi", Eliisa Ehini töö "Närviimpulsside liikumine ajus", Veiko Vaine terrassitool "Miinimum"

  4. Static network analysis of a pork supply chain in Northern Germany-Characterisation of the potential spread of infectious diseases via animal movements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Büttner, Kathrin; Krieter, Joachim; Traulsen, Arne; Traulsen, Imke

    2013-07-01

    Transport of live animals is a major risk factor in the spread of infectious diseases between holdings. The present study analysed the pork supply chain of a producer community in Northern Germany. The structure of trade networks can be characterised by carrying out a network analysis. To identify holdings with a central position in this directed network of pig production, several parameters describing these properties were measured (in-degree, out-degree, ingoing and outgoing infection chain, betweenness centrality and ingoing and outgoing closeness centrality). To obtain the importance of the different holding types (multiplier, farrowing farms, finishing farms and farrow-to-finishing farms) within the pyramidal structure of the pork supply chain, centrality parameters were calculated for the entire network as well as for the individual holding types. Using these centrality parameters, two types of holdings could be identified. In the network studied, finishing and farrow-to-finishing farms were more likely to be infected due to the high number of ingoing trade contacts. Due to the high number of outgoing trade contacts multipliers and farrowing farms had an increased risk to spread a disease to other holdings. However, the results of the centrality parameters degree and infection chain were not always consistent, such that the indirect trade contacts should be taken into consideration to understand the real importance of a holding in spreading or contracting an infection. Furthermore, all calculated parameters showed a highly right-skewed distribution. Networks with such a degree distribution are considered to be highly resistant concerning the random removal of nodes. But by strategic removal of the most central holdings, e.g. by trade restrictions or selective vaccination or culling, the network structure can be changed efficiently and thus decompose into fragments. Such a fragmentation of the trade networks is of particular importance from an epidemiological

  5. Characteristics, determinants and perspectives of experienced medical humanitarians: a qualitative approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asgary, Ramin; Lawrence, Katharine

    2014-12-08

    To explore the characteristics, motivations, ideologies, experience and perspectives of experienced medical humanitarian workers. We applied a qualitative descriptive approach and conducted in-depth semistructured interviews, containing open-ended questions with directing probes, with 44 experienced international medical aid workers from a wide range of humanitarian organisations. Interviews were coded and analysed, and themes were developed. International non-governmental organisations (INGOs) and United Nations (UN). 61% of participants were female; mean age was 41.8 years with an average of 11.8 years of humanitarian work experience with diverse major INGOs. Significant core themes included: population's rights to assistance, altruism and solidarity as motives; self-identification with the mission and directives of INGOs; shared personal and professional morals fostering collegiality; accountability towards beneficiaries in areas of programme planning and funding; burnout and emotional burdens; uncertainties in job safety and security; and uneasiness over changing humanitarian principles with increasing professionalisation of aid and shrinking humanitarian access. While dissatisfied with overall aid operations, participants were generally satisfied with their work and believed that they were well-received by, and had strong relationships with, intended beneficiaries. Despite regular use of language and ideology of rights, solidarity and concepts of accountability, tension exists between the philosophy and practical incorporation of accountability into operations. To maintain a humanitarian corps and improve aid worker retention, strategies are needed regarding management of psychosocial stresses, proactively addressing militarisation and neo-humanitarianism, and nurturing individuals' and organisations' growth with emphasis on humanitarian principles and ethical practices, and a culture of internal debate, reflection and reform. Published by the BMJ Publishing

  6. Efficient interruption of infection chains by targeted removal of central holdings in an animal trade network.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Büttner, Kathrin; Krieter, Joachim; Traulsen, Arne; Traulsen, Imke

    2013-01-01

    Centrality parameters in animal trade networks typically have right-skewed distributions, implying that these networks are highly resistant against the random removal of holdings, but vulnerable to the targeted removal of the most central holdings. In the present study, we analysed the structural changes of an animal trade network topology based on the targeted removal of holdings using specific centrality parameters in comparison to the random removal of holdings. Three different time periods were analysed: the three-year network, the yearly and the monthly networks. The aim of this study was to identify appropriate measures for the targeted removal, which lead to a rapid fragmentation of the network. Furthermore, the optimal combination of the removal of three holdings regardless of their centrality was identified. The results showed that centrality parameters based on ingoing trade contacts, e.g. in-degree, ingoing infection chain and ingoing closeness, were not suitable for a rapid fragmentation in all three time periods. More efficient was the removal based on parameters considering the outgoing trade contacts. In all networks, a maximum percentage of 7.0% (on average 5.2%) of the holdings had to be removed to reduce the size of the largest component by more than 75%. The smallest difference from the optimal combination for all three time periods was obtained by the removal based on out-degree with on average 1.4% removed holdings, followed by outgoing infection chain and outgoing closeness. The targeted removal using the betweenness centrality differed the most from the optimal combination in comparison to the other parameters which consider the outgoing trade contacts. Due to the pyramidal structure and the directed nature of the pork supply chain the most efficient interruption of the infection chain for all three time periods was obtained by using the targeted removal based on out-degree.

  7. On algebraically special perturbations of black holes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chandrasekhar, S.

    1984-01-01

    Algebraically special perturbations of black holes excite gravitational waves that are either purely ingoing or purely outgoing. Solutions, appropriate to such perturbations of the Kerr, the Schwarzschild, and the Reissner-Nordstroem black-holes, are obtained in explicit forms by different methods. The different methods illustrate the remarkable inner relations among different facets of the mathematical theory. In the context of the Kerr black-hole they derive from the different ways in which the explicit value of the Starobinsky constant emerges, and in the context of the Schwarzschild and the Reissner-Nordstroem black-holes they derive from the potential barriers surrounding them belonging to a special class. (author)

  8. Gravitational and electromagnetic fields near an anti-de Sitter-like infinity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Krtous, Pavel; Podolsky, Jiri

    2004-01-01

    We analyze the asymptotic structure of general gravitational and electromagnetic fields near an anti-de Sitter-like conformal infinity. The dependence of the radiative component of the fields on a null direction along which the infinity is approached is obtained. The directional pattern of outgoing and ingoing radiation, which supplements standard peeling property, is determined by the algebraic (Petrov) type of the fields and also by the orientation of the principal null directions with respect to timelike infinity. The dependence on the orientation is a new feature if compared to spacelike infinity

  9. Ajalugu teatriaastal - muus keeles tehtud ja tehtavast teatrist Eestis / Anne-Liis Maripuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Maripuu, Anne-Liis

    2006-01-01

    Eestis tegutsenud saksakeelsest teatrist (August von Kotzebue tegevusest Tallinnas, ehitas esimese pidevalt töötava asjaarmastajate-teatri, 1804.a. loodud esimesest professionaalsest teatritrupist Tallinnas, Tartu saksa teatrist), venekeelsest teatrist (1948.a. asutatud Vene Draamateatrist, lavastajatest) ja võrukeelsest teatrist Eestis, millele pani aluse Ingo Normet 1993. a., lavastades EMTA lavakunstikooli 16. lennuga Madis Kõivu ja Aivo Lõhmuse kirjutatud näidendi "Põud ja vihm..." Võrukeelset teatrit edendab Võru Teatriateljee (endine Võru Harrastusteater) ja 16. lennu lõpetanud Ain Mäeots, Riho Kütsar, Margus Jaanovitsh ja Merle Jääger

  10. Automation for pilger mills at NZFP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Manoher; Ramesh, K.; Rout, J.K.

    1997-01-01

    Pilgering is the critical operation in production of zircaloy fuel tubes. The in-going tube is required for feeding in pilgering and the outgoing pilger tube length is measured and is cut into required lengths and transferred to storage tank before sending for degreasing. The paper deals with the automation of the above operation carried out on the pilger mills of New Zircaloy Fabrication Plant (NZFP). This has helped in improving the quality of the pilgered tubes and productivity of the mill besides eliminating manual handling and cutting operations

  11. Hydrogen influence on metals behaviour

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tison, P.

    1984-01-01

    Hydrogen isotopes are used in order to investigate the influence of natural oxides and trapping on the permeability of low alloys steels, and martensitic, ferritic, austenitic stainless steels. The permeability of superficial oxides is investigated by reducing and reoxidising the upstream and downstream surfaces (gas ingoing and outgoing faces). The simultaneous or successive use of hydrogen and deuterium enables a direct demonstration of trapping during permeation measurements and a study of the interactions between the diffusing gas and hydrogen absorbed during steel making and processing [fr

  12. Interior structure of rotating black holes. I. Concise derivation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hamilton, Andrew J. S.; Polhemus, Gavin

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents a concise derivation of a new set of solutions for the interior structure of accreting, rotating black holes. The solutions are conformally stationary, axisymmetric, and conformally separable. Hyper-relativistic counter-streaming between freely-falling collisionless ingoing and outgoing streams leads to mass inflation at the inner horizon, followed by collapse. The solutions fail at an exponentially tiny radius, where the rotational motion of the streams becomes comparable to their radial motion. The papers provide a fully nonlinear, dynamical solution for the interior structure of a rotating black hole from just above the inner horizon inward, down to a tiny scale.

  13. Coloring and The Lonely Graph

    OpenAIRE

    Rabern, Landon

    2007-01-01

    We improve upper bounds on the chromatic number proven independently in \\cite{reedNote} and \\cite{ingo}. Our main lemma gives a sufficient condition for two paths in graph to be completely joined. Using this, we prove that if a graph has an optimal coloring with more than $\\frac{\\omega}{2}$ singleton color classes, then it satisfies $\\chi \\leq \\frac{\\omega + \\Delta + 1}{2}$. It follows that a graph satisfying $n - \\Delta < \\alpha + \\frac{\\omega - 1}{2}$ must also satisfy $\\chi \\leq \\frac{\\ome...

  14. Effect of temperature on the anaerobic degradation of phenol and the microbial community

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Leven, L.; Schnurer, A.

    2009-01-01

    The residue produced during anaerobic digestion of organic waste is rich in nutrient and can be used as fertiliser However, one concern is the content of organic pollutants, as these may influence the soil fertility negatively and should therefore only occur at low levels. In this study, the effect of the process temperature on the anaerobic degradation of different phenolic compounds was investigated. Phenols have been shown to have a negative impact on soil microbial activity and can appear in anaerobic bioreactors both as components of the in-going substrate, and as intermediates during degradation of different complex aromatic compounds. (Author)

  15. Ergosphere-driven winds

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Punsly, B.; Coroniti, F.V.

    1990-01-01

    This paper is a discussion of a physical mechanism that allows large-scale magnetic fields to torque rapidly rotating black holes in an astrophysical context. The physics which is involved is that plasma in the ergosphere must rotate. Thus, if ergospheric plasma gets frozen onto large-scale magnetic field lines, then it can drive a magnetic wind to infinity, as is conjectured to occur in field-aligned pulsars. Included in this paper is a discussion of ingoing magnetic winds that accrete either toward the event horizon or to the equatorial plane in the ergosphere. 31 refs

  16. Turbine main engines

    CERN Document Server

    Main, John B; Herbert, C W; Bennett, A J S

    1965-01-01

    Turbine Main Engines deals with the principle of operation of turbine main engines. Topics covered include practical considerations that affect turbine design and efficiency; steam turbine rotors, blades, nozzles, and diaphragms; lubricating oil systems; and gas turbines for use with nuclear reactors. Gas turbines for naval boost propulsion, merchant ship propulsion, and naval main propulsion are also considered. This book is divided into three parts and begins with an overview of the basic mode of operation of the steam turbine engine and how it converts the pressure energy of the ingoing ste

  17. Eesti teatri aastaauhinnad 2001

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Lavastajaauhind Hendrik Toompere, meesnäitleja Mait Malmsten, naisnäitleja Kersti Kreismann, meeskõrvalosatäitja Sulev Teppart, naiskõrvalosatäitja Kersti Tombak, kunstnikupreemia Ene-Liis Semper, eriauhind Marko Matvere, tantsulavastuse auhind Age Oks, Toomas Edur, Katrin Essenson, kriitikuauhind Reet Neimar ja Lea Tormis, Ants Lauteri preemia Katariina Lauk-Tamm ja Andres Raag, Salme Reegi auhind VAT Teater, Priit Põldroosi preemia Ingo Normet, Aleksander Kurtna preemia Tõnu Oja ja Villu Kangur, Georg Otsa preemia Pille Lill, muusikalavastuse auhind Mati Palm, muusikalavastuse eriauhind Teo Maiste

  18. Google matrix analysis of DNA sequences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kandiah, Vivek; Shepelyansky, Dima L

    2013-01-01

    For DNA sequences of various species we construct the Google matrix [Formula: see text] of Markov transitions between nearby words composed of several letters. The statistical distribution of matrix elements of this matrix is shown to be described by a power law with the exponent being close to those of outgoing links in such scale-free networks as the World Wide Web (WWW). At the same time the sum of ingoing matrix elements is characterized by the exponent being significantly larger than those typical for WWW networks. This results in a slow algebraic decay of the PageRank probability determined by the distribution of ingoing elements. The spectrum of [Formula: see text] is characterized by a large gap leading to a rapid relaxation process on the DNA sequence networks. We introduce the PageRank proximity correlator between different species which determines their statistical similarity from the view point of Markov chains. The properties of other eigenstates of the Google matrix are also discussed. Our results establish scale-free features of DNA sequence networks showing their similarities and distinctions with the WWW and linguistic networks.

  19. Google matrix analysis of DNA sequences.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vivek Kandiah

    Full Text Available For DNA sequences of various species we construct the Google matrix [Formula: see text] of Markov transitions between nearby words composed of several letters. The statistical distribution of matrix elements of this matrix is shown to be described by a power law with the exponent being close to those of outgoing links in such scale-free networks as the World Wide Web (WWW. At the same time the sum of ingoing matrix elements is characterized by the exponent being significantly larger than those typical for WWW networks. This results in a slow algebraic decay of the PageRank probability determined by the distribution of ingoing elements. The spectrum of [Formula: see text] is characterized by a large gap leading to a rapid relaxation process on the DNA sequence networks. We introduce the PageRank proximity correlator between different species which determines their statistical similarity from the view point of Markov chains. The properties of other eigenstates of the Google matrix are also discussed. Our results establish scale-free features of DNA sequence networks showing their similarities and distinctions with the WWW and linguistic networks.

  20. Erosion of trust in humanitarian agencies: what strategies might help?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jayasinghe, Saroj

    2011-01-01

    Aid agencies (AAs) provide a range of humanitarian and health related assistance globally. However, the trust placed on them is eroding. Evidence for this includes accusations of a decline in their humanitarianism, and the increasing number of conflicts with host states. An analysis of the concerns expressed yields two possible reasons: a relative lack of transparency of their work and weak accountability mechanisms. This is further supported by the existing milieu: an absence of internationally accepted instrument or mechanism to check the credentials of INGOs and an opaque system of close links between some of the INGOs and their donors. The article suggests two global strategies to tackle these issues: (a) Increase transparency by establishing a global register of aid agencies. This should have basic information: their main goals and activities, countries they are active in, number of employees, annual turnover of funds (updated regularly), principal financing sources and nature of links with donors. This could also be available as printed manual that should be freely available to client countries. (b) Ensure accountability by developing templates of fair legal instruments (to facilitate and regulate work), and a set of generic rules and procedures of engagement for the interactions between agencies and client states. These should be institutionalized within the regulatory frameworks of countries and included in the Codes of Conduct of NGOs. PMID:22110413

  1. Erosion of trust in humanitarian agencies: what strategies might help?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jayasinghe, Saroj

    2011-01-01

    Aid agencies (AAs) provide a range of humanitarian and health related assistance globally. However, the trust placed on them is eroding. Evidence for this includes accusations of a decline in their humanitarianism, and the increasing number of conflicts with host states. An analysis of the concerns expressed yields two possible reasons: a relative lack of transparency of their work and weak accountability mechanisms. This is further supported by the existing milieu: an absence of internationally accepted instrument or mechanism to check the credentials of INGOs and an opaque system of close links between some of the INGOs and their donors. The article suggests two global strategies to tackle these issues: (a) Increase transparency by establishing a global register of aid agencies. This should have basic information: their main goals and activities, countries they are active in, number of employees, annual turnover of funds (updated regularly), principal financing sources and nature of links with donors. This could also be available as printed manual that should be freely available to client countries. (b) Ensure accountability by developing templates of fair legal instruments (to facilitate and regulate work), and a set of generic rules and procedures of engagement for the interactions between agencies and client states. These should be institutionalized within the regulatory frameworks of countries and included in the Codes of Conduct of NGOs.

  2. Asymmetric interiors for small black holes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kabat, Daniel [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Lehman College,City University of New York, Bronx NY 10468 (United States); Lifschytz, Gilad [Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Natural Science,University of Haifa, Haifa 31905 (Israel)

    2016-08-16

    We develop the representation of infalling observers and bulk fields in the CFT as a way to understand the black hole interior in AdS. We first discuss properties of CFT states which are dual to black holes. We then show that in the presence of a Killing horizon bulk fields can be decomposed into pieces we call ingoing and outgoing. The ingoing field admits a simple operator representation in the CFT, even inside a small black hole at late times, which leads to a simple CFT description of infalling geodesics. This means classical infalling observers will experience the classical geometry in the interior. The outgoing piece of the field is more subtle. In an eternal two-sided geometry it can be represented as an operator on the left CFT. In a stable one-sided geometry it can be described using entanglement via the PR construction. But in an evaporating black hole trans-horizon entanglement breaks down at the Page time, which means that for old black holes the PR construction fails and the outgoing field does not see local geometry. This picture of the interior allows the CFT to reconcile unitary Hawking evaporation with the classical experience of infalling observers.

  3. THE GALACTIC POTENTIAL AND THE ASYMMETRIC DISTRIBUTION OF HYPERVELOCITY STARS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Perets, Hagai B.; Alexander, Tal; Wu Xufen; Zhao Hongsheng; Famaey, Benoit; Gentile, Gianfranco

    2009-01-01

    In recent years several hypervelocity stars (HVSs) have been observed in the halo of our Galaxy. Such HVSs have possibly been ejected from the Galactic center and then propagated in the Galactic potential up to their current position. The recent survey for candidate HVSs show an asymmetry in the kinematics of candidate HVSs (position and velocity vectors), where more outgoing stars than ingoing stars (i.e., positive Galactocentric velocities versus negative ones) are observed. We show that such kinematic asymmetry, which is likely due to the finite lifetime of the stars and Galactic potential structure, could be used in a novel method to probe and constrain the Galactic potential, identify the stellar type of the stars in the survey and estimate the number of HVSs. Kinematics-independent identification of the stellar types of the stars in such surveys (e.g., spectroscopic identification) could further improve these results. We find that the observed asymmetry between ingoing and outgoing stars favors specific Galactic potential models. It also implies a lower limit of ∼54 ± 8 main-sequence HVSs in the survey sample (∼>648 ± 96 in the Galaxy), assuming that all of the MS stars in the survey originate from the GC. The other stars in the survey are likely to be hot blue horizontal branch stars born in the halo rather than stars ejected from the GC.

  4. Being Untaught: How NGO Field Workers Empower Parents of Children with Disabilities in Dadaab

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Allyson Krupar

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Roughly 350,000 refugees, over 90% of them Somali, lived in five sprawling camps in Dadaab, Kenya in 2015. In the Dadaab refugee camps, families had unique experiences of disability, education, women’s roles, and involvement with International Non-Governmental Organization (INGO programming. INGOs provided a variety of basic services including education such as the program analyzed here for parents of children with disabilities. Many children with disabilities in the refugee camps faced social stigma and lacked access to education. This research draws on practices and literature in family literacy and parental involvement programming to explore how one NGO training sought to empower women learners to send their children with disabilities to school in Kambioos, the smallest and newest refugee camp in Dadaab. Using ethnographic methods, one training program involving parents and children was video-taped. The video was used as a cue to interview field workers about how the training empowered parents, particularly mothers. The study found that empowerment of women through training for parents of children with disabilities centered on parents’ interaction with formal schools and engagement in their communities.

  5. Stakeholder consultations on community-based rehabilitation guidelines in Ghana and Uganda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mary Wickenden

    2012-10-01

    Objectives: To consult with key stakeholders in the disability arena in Uganda and Ghana, in order to gain their opinions and suggestions for improvements to the then draft CBR guidelines, as part of a wider global participatory process of consultation on the document. Methods: The INGO Sightsavers gathered qualitative data through focus group discussions and questionnaires in both countries. Results: The participants’ critiques of the draft guidelines carried out in multiagency participatory processes were analysed thematically and fed back to the CBR guidelines editorial team. Conclusion: The paper concludes that stakeholders in diverse communities can actively contribute to shaping policy and practice through participatory consultations. Local and national government and non-government organisations and other key informants can inform the development of national and international guidelines and policies. This participatory approach can be successfully facilitated by INGOs. In turn, these processes have prompted organisations to adapt their own policies and programmes in order to be more responsive to the local needs and concerns of PWDs.

  6. Erosion of trust in humanitarian agencies: what strategies might help?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saroj Jayasinghe

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Aid agencies (AAs provide a range of humanitarian and health related assistance globally. However, the trust placed on them is eroding. Evidence for this includes accusations of a decline in their humanitarianism, and the increasing number of conflicts with host states. An analysis of the concerns expressed yields two possible reasons: a relative lack of transparency of their work and weak accountability mechanisms. This is further supported by the existing milieu: an absence of internationally accepted instrument or mechanism to check the credentials of INGOs and an opaque system of close links between some of the INGOs and their donors. The article suggests two global strategies to tackle these issues: (a Increase transparency by establishing a global register of aid agencies. This should have basic information: their main goals and activities, countries they are active in, number of employees, annual turnover of funds (updated regularly, principal financing sources and nature of links with donors. This could also be available as printed manual that should be freely available to client countries. (b Ensure accountability by developing templates of fair legal instruments (to facilitate and regulate work, and a set of generic rules and procedures of engagement for the interactions between agencies and client states. These should be institutionalized within the regulatory frameworks of countries and included in the Codes of Conduct of NGOs.

  7. The Effects of Global Interaction on Poverty in Developing Countries, 1991-2005

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jason Hall

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available While previous studies have examined the impact of globalization on a myriad of welfare outcomes in developing countries, the effect of cross-national exchanges on extreme poverty remains unexplored. Poverty has declined substantially during this most recent wave of globalization, suggesting that cross-border relations may be partially responsible. We test this proposition by estimating the impact of foreign direct investment (FDI, trade openness, and the presence of international non-governmental organizations (INGOs on poverty, measured at both the $1.25-a-day (extreme poverty level, and the $2.50-a-day (moderate poverty level, net of domestic conditions. Using a sample of 114 developing countries over five waves of data collected from 1991 to 2005, results from random effects models show that FDI exhibits a positive relationship with poverty at the $1.25 and $2.50 levels, while trade openness demonstrates a negative relationship with both extreme and moderate poverty. Once domestic conditions are controlled, INGO participation fails to demonstrate a significant effect on poverty at either level. Among domestic variables, economic growth and fertility rate affect poverty at the $1.25 level, while growth and domestic investment demonstrate an effect at the $2.50 level. These findings confirm that global interaction by poor countries influences poverty reduction within these countries, but in different directions.

  8. Temporal correlation coefficient for directed networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Büttner, Kathrin; Salau, Jennifer; Krieter, Joachim

    2016-01-01

    Previous studies dealing with network theory focused mainly on the static aggregation of edges over specific time window lengths. Thus, most of the dynamic information gets lost. To assess the quality of such a static aggregation the temporal correlation coefficient can be calculated. It measures the overall possibility for an edge to persist between two consecutive snapshots. Up to now, this measure is only defined for undirected networks. Therefore, we introduce the adaption of the temporal correlation coefficient to directed networks. This new methodology enables the distinction between ingoing and outgoing edges. Besides a small example network presenting the single calculation steps, we also calculated the proposed measurements for a real pig trade network to emphasize the importance of considering the edge direction. The farm types at the beginning of the pork supply chain showed clearly higher values for the outgoing temporal correlation coefficient compared to the farm types at the end of the pork supply chain. These farm types showed higher values for the ingoing temporal correlation coefficient. The temporal correlation coefficient is a valuable tool to understand the structural dynamics of these systems, as it assesses the consistency of the edge configuration. The adaption of this measure for directed networks may help to preserve meaningful additional information about the investigated network that might get lost if the edge directions are ignored.

  9. Echo-Interleaved-Spiral MR Imaging

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rosenthal, Shirrie; Azhari, Haim [Department of Biomedical Engineering, Technion, Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 32000 (Israel); Montag, Avram [Elscint Ltd., MRI division, Haifa (Israel)

    1999-12-31

    Interleaved-Spiral imaging is an efficient method for MRI fast scans. However, images suffer from blurring and artifacts due to field inhomogeneities and the long readout times. In this paper, we combine interleaved-spirals with spin-echo for 3D scans. The refocusing RF-pulses (echoes) refocus off-resonance spins, thus allowing longer acquisition times per excitation, by limiting inhomogeneity effects. The total number of excitations for a 3D scan is reduced by half. The 3D Fourier transform of an object is divided into pairs of slices, one slice is scanned in an outgoing interleaved-spiral, initiated after a 90 degree pulse has been applied. The second slice is scanned in an ingoing interleaved-spiral, after a 180 degree pulse has been applied, thus reaching the slice origin at the echo time. (authors) 4 refs., 3 figs.

  10. Source‐receiver two‐way wave extrapolation for prestack exploding‐reflector modeling and migration

    KAUST Repository

    Alkhalifah, Tariq Ali; Fomel, Sergey

    2010-01-01

    While most of the modern seismic imaging methods perform imaging by separating input data into parts (shot gathers), we develop a formulation that is able to incorporate all available data at once while numerically propagating the recorded multidimensional wavefield backward in time. While computationally extensive, this approach has the potential of generating accurate images, free of artifacts associated with conventional approaches. We derive novel high‐order partial differential equations in source‐receiver‐time domain. The fourth order nature of the extrapolation in time has four solutions two of which correspond to the ingoing and outgoing P‐waves and reduces to the zero‐offset exploding‐reflector solutions when the source coincides with the receiver. Using asymptotic approximations, we develop an approach to extrapolating the full prestack wavefield forward or backward in time.

  11. Three-dimensional Einstein-Klein-Gordon system in characteristic numerical relativity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Barreto, W.; Silva, A. da; Lehner, L.; Gomez, R.; Rosales, L.; Winicour, J.

    2005-01-01

    We incorporate a massless scalar field into a three-dimensional code for the characteristic evolution of the gravitational field. The extended three-dimensional code for the Einstein-Klein-Gordon system is calibrated to be second-order convergent. It provides an accurate calculation of the gravitational and scalar radiation at infinity. As an application, we simulate the fully nonlinear evolution of an asymmetric scalar pulse of ingoing radiation propagating toward an interior Schwarzschild black hole and compute the backscattered scalar and gravitational outgoing radiation patterns. The amplitudes of the scalar and gravitational outgoing radiation modes exhibit the predicted power law scaling with respect to the amplitude of the initial data. For the scattering of an axisymmetric scalar field, the final ring down matches the complex frequency calculated perturbatively for the l=2 quasinormal mode

  12. Comment on ;Acceleration of particles to high energy via gravitational repulsion in the Schwarzschild field; [Astropart. Phys. 86 (2017) 18-20

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spallicci, Alessandro D. A. M.

    2017-09-01

    Comments are due on a recent paper by McGruder III (2017) in which the author deals with the concept of gravitational repulsion in the context of the Schwarzschild-Droste solution. Repulsion (deceleration) for ingoing particles into a black hole is a concept proposed several times starting from Droste himself in 1916. It is a coordinate effect appearing to an observer at a remote distance from the black hole and when coordinate time is employed. Repulsion has no bearing and relation to the local physics of the black hole, and moreover it cannot be held responsible for accelerating outgoing particles. Thereby, the energy boost of cosmic rays cannot be produced by repulsion.

  13. Observable supertranslations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bousso, Raphael; Porrati, Massimo

    2017-10-01

    We show that large gauge transformations in asymptotically flat spacetime can be implemented by sandwiching a shell containing the ingoing hard particles between two finite-width shells of soft gauge excitations. Integration of the graviton Dirac bracket implies that our observable soft degrees of freedom obey the algebra imposed by Strominger et al. on unobservable boundary degrees of freedom. Thus, we provide both a derivation and an observable realization of this algebra. We recently showed that soft charges fail to constrain the hard scattering problem, and so cannot be relevant to the black hole information paradox. By expressing the Bondi-van der Burg-Metzner-Sachs (BMS) algebra in terms of observable quantities, the present work shows that this conclusion was not an artifact of working with strictly zero frequency soft modes. The conservation laws associated with asymptotic symmetries are seen to arise physically from free propagation of infrared modes.

  14. Echo-Interleaved-Spiral MR Imaging

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rosenthal, Shirrie; Azhari, Haim; Montag, Avram

    1998-01-01

    Interleaved-Spiral imaging is an efficient method for MRI fast scans. However, images suffer from blurring and artifacts due to field inhomogeneities and the long readout times. In this paper, we combine interleaved-spirals with spin-echo for 3D scans. The refocusing RF-pulses (echoes) refocus off-resonance spins, thus allowing longer acquisition times per excitation, by limiting inhomogeneity effects. The total number of excitations for a 3D scan is reduced by half. The 3D Fourier transform of an object is divided into pairs of slices, one slice is scanned in an outgoing interleaved-spiral, initiated after a 90 degree pulse has been applied. The second slice is scanned in an ingoing interleaved-spiral, after a 180 degree pulse has been applied, thus reaching the slice origin at the echo time. (authors)

  15. Contested spacing: International non-profit organizations and the mobility of asylum seekers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Albu, Oana Brindusa

    The importance of examining space from an organizational standpoint is timely, not the least because the use of this concept has critical and often unintended social, and political effects (Mengis, Nicolini & Gorli, 2016). The global refugee crisis following the post-2015 Syrian conflict is perhaps...... one indicative situation of the highly contested ways in which international non-profit organizations (INGOs) create spaces for their organizational activities (e.g., build informal settlements to provide emergency aid), and thus affect how individuals (e.g., asylum seekers) get re-settled, confined...... to, or even restricted from living in such spaces. These matters are relevant since in the contexts where both the opportunities to move freely and being at peace are challenged, space is not only a neutral structure in which such contested organizing takes place (Mengis et al., 2016). Rather...

  16. Network analysis of pig movements: Loyalty patterns and contact chains of different holding types in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schulz, Jana; Boklund, Anette; Hisham Beshara Halasa, Tariq

    2017-01-01

    proportion of holdings in the largest strongly connected component. All production sites showed low levels of in-going contact chains and we observed a high level of out-going contact chain for breeding and multiplier herds. Except for livestock auctions, all transit sites also showed low levels of out......-going contact chains. Our results reflect the pyramidal structure of the underlying network. Based on the considered disease, the time frame for the calculation of network measurements needs to be adapted. Using these adapted values for loyalty and contact chains might help to identify holdings with high...... in the connection between holdings dealing with pigs, such as breeding and multiplier herds, production herds, slaughterhouses or traders. Pig movements, which occurred between 1st January 2006 and 31st December 2015 in Denmark, were summarized to investigate temporal trends such as the number of active holdings...

  17. Mode coupling in the nonlinear response of black holes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zlochower, Yosef; Gomez, Roberto; Husa, Sascha; Lehner, Luis; Winicour, Jeffrey

    2003-01-01

    We study the properties of the outgoing gravitational wave produced when a nonspinning black hole is excited by an ingoing gravitational wave. Simulations using a numerical code for solving Einstein's equations allow the study to be extended from the linearized approximation, where the system is treated as a perturbed Schwarzschild black hole, to the fully nonlinear regime. Several nonlinear features are found which bear importance to the data analysis of gravitational waves. When compared to the results obtained in the linearized approximation, we observe large phase shifts, a stronger than linear generation of gravitational wave output and considerable generation of radiation in polarization states which are not found in the linearized approximation. In terms of a spherical harmonic decomposition, the nonlinear properties of the harmonic amplitudes have simple scaling properties which offer an economical way to catalog the details of the waves produced in such black hole processes

  18. Asymmetric resonance Raman excitation profiles and violation of the Condon approximation in single-wall carbon nanotubes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doorn, Stephen; Duque, Juan; Telg, Hagen; Chen, Hang; Swan, Anna; Haroz, Erik; Kono, Junichiro; Tu, Xiaomin; Zheng, Ming

    2012-02-01

    DNA wrapping-based ion exchange chromatography and density gradient ultracentrifugation provide nanotube samples highly enriched in single chiralities. We present resonance Raman excitation profiles for the G-band of several single chirality semiconducting and metallic species. The expected incoming and outgoing resonance peaks are observed in the profiles, but contrary to long-held assumptions, the outgoing resonance is always significantly weaker than the ingoing resonance peak. This strong asymmetry in the profiles arises from a violation of the Condon approximation [1]. Results will be discussed in the context of theoretical models that suggest significant coordinate dependence in the transition dipole (non-Condon effects). The generality of the behavior across semiconducting and metallic types, nanotube family, phonon mode, and Eii will be demonstrated. [4pt] [1] J. Duque et. al., ACS Nano, 5, 5233 (2011).

  19. Behaviour of scalar perturbations of a Reissner-Nordstroem black hole inside the event horizon

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    McNamara, J.M.

    1978-01-01

    This paper considers general scalar perturbations of a Reissner-Nordstrom black hole and examines the qualitative behaviour of these perturbations in the region between and on the inner and outer horizons. Initial data are specified in terms of the ingoing radiation crossing the outer (event) horizon. The only essential restriction on these data is that the radiation should not die away too slowly on this horizon. The resultant perturbations are shown to be bounded and continuous. In particular, these properties hold for perturbations on the inner horizon. For certain types of scalar field (including the zero rest mass scalar field) perturbations vanish at the cross-over point on the inner horizon. (author)

  20. Two-dimensional ranking of Wikipedia articles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhirov, A. O.; Zhirov, O. V.; Shepelyansky, D. L.

    2010-10-01

    The Library of Babel, described by Jorge Luis Borges, stores an enormous amount of information. The Library exists ab aeterno. Wikipedia, a free online encyclopaedia, becomes a modern analogue of such a Library. Information retrieval and ranking of Wikipedia articles become the challenge of modern society. While PageRank highlights very well known nodes with many ingoing links, CheiRank highlights very communicative nodes with many outgoing links. In this way the ranking becomes two-dimensional. Using CheiRank and PageRank we analyze the properties of two-dimensional ranking of all Wikipedia English articles and show that it gives their reliable classification with rich and nontrivial features. Detailed studies are done for countries, universities, personalities, physicists, chess players, Dow-Jones companies and other categories.

  1. Toward two-dimensional search engines

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ermann, L; Shepelyansky, D L; Chepelianskii, A D

    2012-01-01

    We study the statistical properties of various directed networks using ranking of their nodes based on the dominant vectors of the Google matrix known as PageRank and CheiRank. On average PageRank orders nodes proportionally to a number of ingoing links, while CheiRank orders nodes proportionally to a number of outgoing links. In this way, the ranking of nodes becomes two dimensional which paves the way for the development of two-dimensional search engines of a new type. Statistical properties of information flow on the PageRank–CheiRank plane are analyzed for networks of British, French and Italian universities, Wikipedia, Linux Kernel, gene regulation and other networks. A special emphasis is done for British universities networks using the large database publicly available in the UK. Methods of spam links control are also analyzed. (paper)

  2. Quasi-bound state resonances of charged massive scalar fields in the near-extremal Reissner-Nordstroem black-hole spacetime

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hod, Shahar [The Ruppin Academic Center, Emeq Hefer (Israel); The Hadassah Academic College, Jerusalem (Israel)

    2017-05-15

    The quasi-bound states of charged massive scalar fields in the near-extremal charged Reissner-Nordstroem black-hole spacetime are studied analytically. These discrete resonant modes of the composed black-hole-field system are characterized by the physically motivated boundary condition of ingoing waves at the black-hole horizon and exponentially decaying (bounded) radial eigenfunctions at spatial infinity. Solving the Klein-Gordon wave equation for the linearized scalar fields in the black-hole spacetime, we derive a remarkably compact analytical formula for the complex frequency spectrum which characterizes the quasi-bound state resonances of the composed Reissner-Nordstroem-black-hole-charged-massive-scalar-field system. (orig.)

  3. ''Free-space'' boundary conditions for the time-dependent wave equation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lindman, E.L.

    1975-01-01

    Boundary conditions for the discrete wave equation which act like an infinite region of free space in contact with the computational region can be constructed using projection operators. Propagating and evanescent waves coming from within the computational region generate no reflected waves as they cross the boundary. At the same time arbitrary waves may be launched into the computational region. Well known projection operators for one-dimensional waves may be used for this purpose in one dimension. Extensions of these operators to higher dimensions along with numerically efficient approximations to them are described for higher-dimensional problems. The separation of waves into ingoing and outgoing waves inherent in these boundary conditions greatly facilitates diagnostics

  4. Analysis of Variance of the Effects of a Project’s Location on Key Issues and Challenges in Post-Disaster Reconstruction Projects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dzulkarnaen Ismail

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available After a disaster, the reconstruction phase is driven by immediate challenges. One of the main challenges in the post-disaster period is the way that reconstruction projects are implemented. Reconstruction cannot move forward until some complex issues are settled. The purposes of this research are to highlight the issues and challenges in post-disaster reconstruction (PDR projects and to determine the significant differences between the issues and challenges in different locations where PDR projects are carried out. The researchers collected data within international non-governmental organisations (INGOs on their experience of working with PDR projects. The findings of this research provide the foundation on which to build strategies for avoiding project failures; this may be useful for PDR project practitioners in the future.

  5. Excitation of swift heavy ions in foil targets IV

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bridwell, L.B.; Pender, L.F.; Sofield, C.J.; Hay, H.J.; Treacy, P.B.

    1988-05-01

    Studies have been made of the approach to energy-loss and charge-state equilibrium of initially pure charge states of ions, transmitted through thin carbon targets. Ions of Li, F and Cl at 3 MeV per AMU were used. Detailed observations were made of outgoing energy losses and charge-state distributions, for outgoing charges equal to those ingoing. A Monte Carlo analysis is made of the charge-changing processes, which allows calculation of energy losses due to projectile charge exchange. The residual electronic target-ionisation loss is analysed to predict in-target charge states of the projectile ions. Using these, a comparison is made between the in-target effective charge for target ionisation, and the averaged ionic charge which fits charge-exchange data

  6. Some optics alternatives for the FFS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spencer, J. E.

    1984-03-01

    The evolution of the SLC Final Focus System (FFS) was discussed in the SLC Red Books and various collider notes. Bulos and Brown and Murray were able to achieve small (BETA)'s with large I1's (the distance between the IP and the effective field boundary of the first quad). However, all current solutions which are compatible with the known constraints of the total path length, aperture and spot size require high gradient, superconducting quads. Such quads are not expected to provide very good inherent field quality (i.e., without correction windings) but expected to be comparatively expensive to build and operate simply. The purpose of this note is to present a more general solution for the FFS telescope which is compatible with the known constraints of detectors, magnet types, available space and the ingoing and outgoing phase space expectations. While a number of different solutions were found, the ones presented provide comparable performance, simpler operation and lower costs.

  7. Source‐receiver two‐way wave extrapolation for prestack exploding‐reflector modeling and migration

    KAUST Repository

    Alkhalifah, Tariq Ali

    2010-10-17

    While most of the modern seismic imaging methods perform imaging by separating input data into parts (shot gathers), we develop a formulation that is able to incorporate all available data at once while numerically propagating the recorded multidimensional wavefield backward in time. While computationally extensive, this approach has the potential of generating accurate images, free of artifacts associated with conventional approaches. We derive novel high‐order partial differential equations in source‐receiver‐time domain. The fourth order nature of the extrapolation in time has four solutions two of which correspond to the ingoing and outgoing P‐waves and reduces to the zero‐offset exploding‐reflector solutions when the source coincides with the receiver. Using asymptotic approximations, we develop an approach to extrapolating the full prestack wavefield forward or backward in time.

  8. Flexible Micro Finance Program: Effectiveness and Efficiency to Reach the Extreme Poor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meherun AHMED

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Following widespread criticisms of the conventional MFI framework, Plan Bangladesh, an INGO devised a flexible credit scheme characterized by door to door collection of deposits and loan repayments on a day to day basis. The scheme departs from the joint liability mechanism practiced by traditional MFIs in an effort to disburse services to the ultra poor, who are often excluded by community screening mechanisms as well as service providers. This paper aims to test the viability of a flexible scheme offering products developed through participatory market research targeted at individuals. We find the scheme to be highly effective, enhancing income of ultra poor households as well as providing adequate leverage for asset accumulation.

  9. Perfect fluid models in noncomoving observational spherical coordinates

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ishak, Mustapha

    2004-01-01

    We use null spherical (observational) coordinates to describe a class of inhomogeneous cosmological models. The proposed cosmological construction is based on the observer past null cone. A known difficulty in using inhomogeneous models is that the null geodesic equation is not integrable in general. Our choice of null coordinates solves the radial ingoing null geodesic by construction. Furthermore, we use an approach where the velocity field is uniquely calculated from the metric rather than put in by hand. Conveniently, this allows us to explore models in a noncomoving frame of reference. In this frame, we find that the velocity field has shear, acceleration, and expansion rate in general. We show that a comoving frame is not compatible with expanding perfect fluid models in the coordinates proposed and dust models are simply not possible. We describe the models in a noncomoving frame. We use the dust models in a noncomoving frame to outline a fitting procedure

  10. Environmentalism in the Periphery: Institutional Embeddedness and Deforestation among Fifteen Palm Oil Producers, 1990 – 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kent Henderson

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Environmental sociologists highlight the exploitative nature of the global capitalist economy where resource extraction from nations in the periphery tends to disproportionately benefit those of the core. From the Brazilian Amazon to mineral-rich Sub-Saharan Africa, the practice of “unequal ecological exchange” persists. Simultaneously, a “global environmental regime” has coalesced as a prominent feature of the contemporary world system. In the post-World War II era, legitimate nation-states must take steps to protect the natural environment and prevent its degradation even at their own economic expense. Stronger national ties to global institutions, particularly international nongovernmental organizations (INGOs consistently yield more positive environmental outcomes. However, previous work suggests that normative expectations for improved environmental practice will be weak or nonexistent in the periphery. We use the case of palm oil production and its relationship to deforestation to provide a more nuanced analysis of the relationship between material and institutional forces in the periphery. Using unbalanced panels of fifteen palm oil producing countries from 1990 to 2012, we find that stronger national ties to world society via citizen memberships in INGOs result in greater primary forest area among palm oil producers. However, this effect is strongest where production is lowest and weakens as production increases. Even in the cases of Indonesia and Malaysia, where palm oil production is substantially higher than any other producer, ties to global institutions are significantly related to reduced forest loss. These results indicate the variable importance of national embeddedness into global institutions within the periphery of the world system.

  11. Public health and public trust: Survey evidence from the Ebola Virus Disease epidemic in Liberia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blair, Robert A; Morse, Benjamin S; Tsai, Lily L

    2017-01-01

    Trust in government has long been viewed as an important determinant of citizens' compliance with public health policies, especially in times of crisis. Yet evidence on this relationship remains scarce, particularly in the developing world. We use results from a representative survey conducted during the 2014-15 Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) epidemic in Monrovia, Liberia to assess the relationship between trust in government and compliance with EVD control interventions. We find that respondents who expressed low trust in government were much less likely to take precautions against EVD in their homes, or to abide by government-mandated social distancing mechanisms designed to contain the spread of the virus. They were also much less likely to support potentially contentious control policies, such as "safe burial" of EVD-infected bodies. Contrary to stereotypes, we find no evidence that respondents who distrusted government were any more or less likely to understand EVD's symptoms and transmission pathways. While only correlational, these results suggest that respondents who refused to comply may have done so not because they failed to understand how EVD is transmitted, but rather because they did not trust the capacity or integrity of government institutions to recommend precautions and implement policies to slow EVD's spread. We also find that respondents who experienced hardships during the epidemic expressed less trust in government than those who did not, suggesting the possibility of a vicious cycle between distrust, non-compliance, hardships and further distrust. Finally, we find that respondents who trusted international non-governmental organizations (INGOs) were no more or less likely to support or comply with EVD control policies, suggesting that while INGOs can contribute in indispensable ways to crisis response, they cannot substitute for government institutions in the eyes of citizens. We conclude by discussing the implications of our findings for future

  12. Characterization of contact structures for the spread of infectious diseases in a pork supply chain in northern Germany by dynamic network analysis of yearly and monthly networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Büttner, K; Krieter, J; Traulsen, I

    2015-04-01

    A major risk factor in the spread of diseases between holdings is the transport of live animals. This study analysed the animal movements of the pork supply chain of a producer group in Northern Germany. The parameters in-degree and out-degree, ingoing and outgoing infection chain, betweenness and ingoing and outgoing closeness were measured using dynamic network analysis to identify holdings with central positions in the network and to characterize the overall network topology. The potential maximum epidemic size was also estimated. All parameters were calculated for three time periods: the 3-yearly network, the yearly and the monthly networks. The yearly and the monthly networks were more fragmented than the 3-yearly network. On average, one-third of the holdings were isolated in the yearly networks and almost three quarters in the monthly networks. This represented an immense reduction in the number of holdings participating in the trade of the monthly networks. The overall network topology showed right-skewed distributions for all calculated centrality parameters indicating that network resilience was high concerning the random removal of holdings. However, for a targeted removal of holdings according to their centrality, a rapid fragmentation of the trade network could be expected. Furthermore, to capture the real importance of holdings for disease transmission, indirect trade contacts (infection chain) should be considered. In contrast to the parameters regarding direct trade contacts (degree), the infection chain parameter did not underestimate the potential risk of disease transmission. This became more obvious, the longer the observed time period was. For all three time periods, the results for the estimation of the potential maximum epidemic size illustrated that the outgoing infection chain should be chosen. It considers the chronological order and the directed nature of the contacts and has no restrictions such as the strongly connected components of a

  13. Kultuurkapital jagas tunnustust

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Eesti Kultuurkapitali 2007. a. arhitektuuri valdkonna peapreemia pälvis Vello Asi, kujutava ja rakenduskunsti valdkonna peapreemia Jaan Toomik. Sihkapitalide preemiad: kujutav ja rakenduskunst - Evi Viires, Vano Allsalu ja Sally Stuudio (veebikeskkond kunstikeskus.ee), kunstnike rühmitus Non Grata, kunstiühing Pallas. Arhitektuur - Raili Paling, Liis Lindvere, Lembit-Kaur Stöör, Tõnis Kimmel (Tallinna sünagoog), Silja Konsa, Urve Sinijärv, Olev Abner, Kersti Lootus, Ants Hein (teatmeteos "Eesti pargid"), Kalle Vellevoog (pansionaat Seedri t. 4 Pärnus), Aivar Roosaar (Athena konverentsi- ja kultuurikeskuse renoveerimine), Kalle Komissarov. Rahvakultuur - Kadi Pajupuu, Reet Piiri, Tiia Toomet (Tartu Mänguasjamuuseumi rajamine). Preemiaid said ka filmi "Sügisball" loominguline kollektiiv koosseisus Veiko Õunpuu, Mart Taniel, Ülo Krigul, Katrin Kissa (audiovisuaalne kunst), Jaan Rääts (helikunst), Mare Tommingas (näitekunst), X noorte laulu- ja tantsupeo kunstilised juhid Aarne Saluveer ja Maido Saar (rahvakultuur). Lisaks sellele andsid sihtkapitalid välja oma aastapreemiad. Nimekiri

  14. A Conflict Transformation Perspective on Efforts to Protect Human Rights of Haitian Migrants and their Descendants in the Dominican Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ingvild Skeie

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo trata el largo debate en los ámbitos académico y profesional, sobre la relación entre la protección de los derechos humanos y la transformación de conflictos. Son dos enfoques que frecuentemente se han presentado como dos opuestos, representando respectivamente los principios y el pragmatismo. Sin embargo, durante los últimos años, se ha notado una tendencia de considerar cómo ambos campos pueden beneficiarse de las herramientas y las ideas del otro. El artículo utiliza la situación de la República Dominicana como un estudio de caso, observando los esfuerzos de la sociedad civil para promover y proteger los derechos de inmigrantes haitianos y sus descendientes, enfocándose particularmente en el papel de las organizaciones no gubernamentales internacionales (‘INGOs’, por sus siglas en inglés. El artículo argumenta la utilidad de la aplicación del análisis de transformación de conflicto, y específicamente intenta mostrar la relevancia de usar un análisis sistémico de conflicto, analizando y entendiendo los abusos contra los derechos humanos dentro de en una perspectiva más amplia de las relaciones dominico-haitianas. El artículo muestra cómo las intervenciones de las INGO afecta las dinámicas del conflicto tanto positivamente como negativamente, y discute las implicaciones para futuras estrategias para los participantes de la sociedad civil. English: This paper addresses the long-standing debate within academic and practitioner circles about the relationship between human rights protection and conflict transformation. While the two approaches have often been pitted against each other, as representing principles vs. pragmatism respectively, there has over the last years been an increasing tendency to consider how the two camps can benefit from each other's tools and lines of thoughts. The article takes the situation in the Dominican Republic as a case, looking into civil society actors' efforts to promote

  15. ClimaDat: A long-term network to study at different scales climatic processes and interactions between climatic compartments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgui, Josep Anton; Agueda, Alba; Batet, Oscar; Curcoll, Roger; Ealo, Marina; Grossi, Claudia; Occhipinti, Paola; Sánchez-García, Laura; Arias, Rosa; Rodó, Xavi

    2013-04-01

    ClimaDat (www.climadat.es) is a pioneer project of the Institut Català de Ciències del Clima (IC3) in collaboration with and funded by "la Caixa" Foundation. This project aims at studying the interactions between climate and ecosystems at different spatial and temporal scales. The ClimaDat project consists of a network of eight long-term observatory stations distributed over Spain, installed at natural and remote areas, and covering different climatic domains (e.g. Mediterranean, Atlantic, subtropics) and natural systems (e.g. delta, karsts, high mountain areas). Data obtained in the ClimaDat network will help us to understand how ecosystems are influenced by and eventually might feedback different processes in the climate system. The point of focus of these studies will be taken into account regional-and-local conditions to understand climatic global scale eventsThe data gathered will be used to study the behavior of the global element cycles and associated greenhouse gas emissions. The network is expected to offer near real-time (NRT) data free for the scientific community. Instrumentation installed at these stations mainly consists of: CO2, CH4, H2O, CO, N2O, SF6 and 222Rn analyzers, isotopic CO2, CH4 and H2O analyzers, meteorological sensors, eddy covariance equipment, four-component radiometers, soil moisture and temperature sensors, and sap flow meters. Each station may have a more focused subset of all this equipment, depending on the specific characteristics of the site. Instrumentation selected for this network has been chosen to comply with standards established in international research infrastructure projects, such as ICOS (http://www.icos-infrastructure.eu/home) or InGOS (http://www.ingos-infrastructure.eu/). Preliminary data time-series of greenhouse gases concentrations and meteorological variables are presented in this study for three currently operational ClimaDat stations: the Natural Park of the Ebre Delta (lat 40.75° N - long 0.79° E), the

  16. Intercomparison study of atmospheric methane and carbon dioxide concentrations measured at the Ebre River Delta Station

    Science.gov (United States)

    Occhipinti, Paola; Morguí, Josep Anton; Àgueda, Alba; Batet, Oscar; Borràs, Sílvia; Cañas, Lídia; Curcoll, Roger; Grossi, Claudia; Nofuentes, Manel; Vazquez, Eusebi; Rodó, Xavier

    2015-04-01

    In the framework of the ClimaDat project, IC3 has established a network of eight monitoring stations across the Iberian Peninsula and the Canarian Archipelago with the aim of studying climate processes. The monitoring station at the Ebre River Delta (DEC3) is located in the Ebre River Delta Natural Park (40° 44' N; 0° 47' E) and it is characterized by the typical North-Western Mediterranean climate. Since 2013, atmospheric greenhouse gases (GHG) and 222Rn tracer gas together with the meteorological parameters are continuously measured from a 10 m a.g.l. height tower. Atmospheric GHG (CO2, CH4, CO and N2O) concentrations are determined using a Picarro analyzer G2301 (CO2 and CH4) and a modified gas chromatograph (GC) Agilent 6890N (CO2, CH4, CO and N2O). Open data access is available from the www.climadat.es website. Data collected at the DEC3 station are also submitted to the InGOS platform since this station is part of the InGOS European infrastructure project. Researchers from the Laboratory of the Atmosphere and the Oceans (LAO) at IC3 have performed an intercomparison study at the DEC3 site between three different Picarro analyzers (two Picarro G2301 and one Picarro G2301M), a Los Gatos Research (LGR) analyzer and the GC system already installed at the station. The aim of this study is to compare and assess the measuring agreement between the four optical gas analyzers and the GC. In the first part of the experiment, all instruments have been calibrated using NOAA gases as primary standards analyzing five Praxair provided targets to evaluate the precision of the measuring instruments. Max Plank Institute (MPI) gases have been used as secondary standards for the GC whereas Praxair provided tanks are used as secondary standards for the Picarro and the LGR analyzers. In the second part of the experiment, atmospheric GHG were measured from natural atmospheric air taken from a 10 m a.g.l. inlet. Daily cycles of GHG measurements were carried out using different

  17. How a European network may help with estimating methane emissions on the French national scale

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pison, Isabelle; Berchet, Antoine; Saunois, Marielle; Bousquet, Philippe; Broquet, Grégoire; Conil, Sébastien; Delmotte, Marc; Ganesan, Anita; Laurent, Olivier; Martin, Damien; O'Doherty, Simon; Ramonet, Michel; Spain, T. Gerard; Vermeulen, Alex; Yver Kwok, Camille

    2018-03-01

    Methane emissions on the national scale in France in 2012 are inferred by assimilating continuous atmospheric mixing ratio measurements from nine stations of the European network ICOS located in France and surrounding countries. To assess the robustness of the fluxes deduced by our inversion system based on an objectified quantification of uncertainties, two complementary inversion set-ups are computed and analysed: (i) a regional run correcting for the spatial distribution of fluxes in France and (ii) a sectorial run correcting fluxes for activity sectors on the national scale. In addition, our results for the two set-ups are compared with fluxes produced in the framework of the inversion inter-comparison exercise of the InGOS project. The seasonal variability in fluxes is consistent between different set-ups, with maximum emissions in summer, likely due to agricultural activity. However, very high monthly posterior uncertainties (up to ≈ 65 to 74 % in the sectorial run in May and June) make it difficult to attribute maximum emissions to a specific sector. On the yearly and national scales, the two inversions range from 3835 to 4050 Gg CH4 and from 3570 to 4190 Gg CH4 for the regional and sectorial runs, respectively, consistently with the InGOS products. These estimates are 25 to 55 % higher than the total national emissions from bottom-up approaches (biogeochemical models from natural emissions, plus inventories for anthropogenic ones), consistently pointing at missing or underestimated sources in the inventories and/or in natural sources. More specifically, in the sectorial set-up, agricultural emissions are inferred as 66% larger than estimates reported to the UNFCCC. Uncertainties in the total annual national budget are 108 and 312 Gg CH4, i.e, 3 to 8 %, for the regional and sectorial runs respectively, smaller than uncertainties in available bottom-up products, proving the added value of top-down atmospheric inversions. Therefore, even though the surface

  18. How a European network may help with estimating methane emissions on the French national scale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. Pison

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Methane emissions on the national scale in France in 2012 are inferred by assimilating continuous atmospheric mixing ratio measurements from nine stations of the European network ICOS located in France and surrounding countries. To assess the robustness of the fluxes deduced by our inversion system based on an objectified quantification of uncertainties, two complementary inversion set-ups are computed and analysed: (i a regional run correcting for the spatial distribution of fluxes in France and (ii a sectorial run correcting fluxes for activity sectors on the national scale. In addition, our results for the two set-ups are compared with fluxes produced in the framework of the inversion inter-comparison exercise of the InGOS project. The seasonal variability in fluxes is consistent between different set-ups, with maximum emissions in summer, likely due to agricultural activity. However, very high monthly posterior uncertainties (up to ≈ 65 to 74 % in the sectorial run in May and June make it difficult to attribute maximum emissions to a specific sector. On the yearly and national scales, the two inversions range from 3835 to 4050 Gg CH4 and from 3570 to 4190 Gg CH4 for the regional and sectorial runs, respectively, consistently with the InGOS products. These estimates are 25 to 55 % higher than the total national emissions from bottom-up approaches (biogeochemical models from natural emissions, plus inventories for anthropogenic ones, consistently pointing at missing or underestimated sources in the inventories and/or in natural sources. More specifically, in the sectorial set-up, agricultural emissions are inferred as 66% larger than estimates reported to the UNFCCC. Uncertainties in the total annual national budget are 108 and 312 Gg CH4, i.e, 3 to 8 %, for the regional and sectorial runs respectively, smaller than uncertainties in available bottom-up products, proving the added value of top-down atmospheric

  19. Curvature invariant characterization of event horizons of four-dimensional black holes conformal to stationary black holes

    Science.gov (United States)

    McNutt, David D.

    2017-11-01

    We introduce three approaches to generate curvature invariants that transform covariantly under a conformal transformation of a four-dimensional spacetime. For any black hole conformally related to a stationary black hole, we show how a set of conformally covariant invariants can be combined to produce a conformally covariant invariant that detects the event horizon of the conformally related black hole. As an application we consider the rotating dynamical black holes conformally related to the Kerr-Newman-Unti-Tamburino-(anti)-de Sitter spacetimes and construct an invariant that detects the conformal Killing horizon along with a second invariant that detects the conformal stationary limit surface. In addition, we present necessary conditions for a dynamical black hole to be conformally related to a stationary black hole and apply these conditions to the ingoing Kerr-Vaidya and Vaidya black hole solutions to determine if they are conformally related to stationary black holes for particular choices of the mass function. While two of the three approaches cannot be generalized to higher dimensions, we discuss the existence of a conformally covariant invariant that will detect the event horizon for any higher dimensional black hole conformally related to a stationary black hole which admits at least two conformally covariant invariants, including all vacuum spacetimes.

  20. Laser-assisted collisions: The Kroll-Watson formula and bremsstrahlung theory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Geltman, S.

    1996-01-01

    Recent measurements on CO 2 -laser-assisted electron-atom collisions have shown large inconsistencies with the Kroll-Watson formula for small-angle scattering. We have carried out a detailed study to compare the predictions of Kroll-Watson theory (for both single and multimode fields) with those of conventional perturbation theory for stimulated free-free transitions. It is found that for E 0 /2ω 2 <1, where perturbation theory is valid, there are large differences with the Kroll-Watson theory. Comparisons of experimental variations with respect to scattering angle and electron energy show much better agreement with perturbation theory than with Kroll-Watson theory. A study of the angular variations in perturbation theory shows that use of the open-quote open-quote outgoing close-quote close-quote wave final state gives much better agreement with experiment than does the open-quote open-quote ingoing close-quote close-quote wave final state, which is different from the choice made in early bremsstrahlung theory. copyright 1996 The American Physical Society

  1. Bioleaching of spent Ni-Cd batteries by continuous flow system: Effect of hydraulic retention time and process load

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhao Ling; Yang Dong; Zhu Nanwen

    2008-01-01

    Spent Ni-Cd batteries bring a severe environmental problem that needs to be solved urgently. A novel continuous flow two-step leaching system based on bioleaching was introduced to dissolve heavy metals in batteries. It consists of an acidifying reactor which was used to culture indigenous thiobacilli and a leaching reactor which was used to leach metals from spent batteries. The indigenous acidophilic thiobacilli in sewage sludge was used as the microorganisms and the sludge itself as culture medium. Bioleaching tests at different hydraulic retention time (HRT) and process load in the leaching reactor were performed. The results showed that the longer the HRT (1, 3, 6, 9 and 15 days) was, the more time required to achieve the complete leaching of Ni, Cd and Co. The maximum dissolution of cadmium and cobalt was achieved at higher pH values (3.0-4.5) while the leaching of nickel hydroxide and nickel in metallic form (Ni 0 ) were obtained separately in different acidity (pH 2.5-3.5). It cost about 25, 30 and more than 40 days to remove all of the three heavy metals with the process load of two, four and eight Ni-Cd batteries under the conditions that the ingoing bio-sulphuric acid was 1 L d -1 and HRT was 3 days

  2. Bioleaching of spent Ni-Cd batteries by continuous flow system: effect of hydraulic retention time and process load.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Ling; Yang, Dong; Zhu, Nan-Wen

    2008-12-30

    Spent Ni-Cd batteries bring a severe environmental problem that needs to be solved urgently. A novel continuous flow two-step leaching system based on bioleaching was introduced to dissolve heavy metals in batteries. It consists of an acidifying reactor which was used to culture indigenous thiobacilli and a leaching reactor which was used to leach metals from spent batteries. The indigenous acidophilic thiobacilli in sewage sludge was used as the microorganisms and the sludge itself as culture medium. Bioleaching tests at different hydraulic retention time (HRT) and process load in the leaching reactor were performed. The results showed that the longer the HRT (1, 3, 6, 9 and 15 days) was, the more time required to achieve the complete leaching of Ni, Cd and Co. The maximum dissolution of cadmium and cobalt was achieved at higher pH values (3.0-4.5) while the leaching of nickel hydroxide and nickel in metallic form (Ni0) were obtained separately in different acidity (pH 2.5-3.5). It cost about 25, 30 and more than 40 days to remove all of the three heavy metals with the process load of two, four and eight Ni-Cd batteries under the conditions that the ingoing bio-sulphuric acid was 1Ld(-1) and HRT was 3 days.

  3. Dynamic ultra high speed Scheimpflug imaging for assessing corneal biomechanical properties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renato Ambrósio Jr

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To describe a novel technique for clinical characterization of corneal biomechanics using non-invasive dynamic imaging. METHODS: Corneal deformation response during non contact tonometry (NCT is monitored by ultra-high-speed (UHS photography. The Oculus Corvis ST (Scheimpflug Technology; Wetzlar, Germany has a UHS Scheimpflug camera, taking over 4,300 frames per second and of a single 8mm horizontal slit, for monitoring corneal deformation response to NCT. The metered collimated air pulse or puff has a symmetrical configuration and fixed maximal internal pump pressure of 25 kPa. The bidirectional movement of the cornea in response to the air puff is monitored. RESULTS: Measurement time is 30ms, with 140 frames acquired. Advanced algorithms for edge detection of the front and back corneal contours are applied for every frame. IOP is calculated based on the first applanation moment. Deformation amplitude (DA is determined as the highest displacement of the apex in the highest concavity (HC moment. Applanation length (AL and corneal velocity (CVel are recorded during ingoing and outgoing phases. CONCLUSION: Corneal deformation can be monitored during non contact tonometry. The parameters generated provide clinical in vivo characterization of corneal biomechanical properties in two dimensions, which is relevant for different applications in Ophthalmology.

  4. Empirical description of the element production cross sections in dissipative heavy-ion collisions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wollersheim, H.J.

    1984-06-01

    Correlations between experimental observables yield analytical expressions for the energy dsigma/dE and element distributions dsigma/dZ, d 2 sigma/dZdE in dissipative collisions. These empirical formulas are applied to twelve heavy ion systems at bombarding energies well above the Coulomb barrier. The element production can be calculated for all kinetic energies of the reaction fragments from the quasi-elastic region down to a minimum total kinetic energy Vsub(c)sup(def) which is the result of the Coulomb repulsion of two deformed nuclei prior to scission. In cases where the dissipative collisions are the dominant part of the reaction process, the deformed Coulomb energy can also be deduced from the total reaction cross section. For these heavy ion systems the empirical formulas depend only on quantities of the ingoing channels. Especially, the normalization of the Gaussian shaped element distributions indicates that the reminiscence on the entrance channel is not completely lost in dissipative collisions. For the 209 Bi + 136 Xe reaction at a laboratory bombarding energy of 1130 MeV the energy and element distributions are calculated which show an excellent agreement with the experimental data. (orig.)

  5. Correlation between the 12C+12C, 12C+13C, and 13C+13C fusion cross sections

    Science.gov (United States)

    Notani, M.; Esbensen, H.; Fang, X.; Bucher, B.; Davies, P.; Jiang, C. L.; Lamm, L.; Lin, C. J.; Ma, C.; Martin, E.; Rehm, K. E.; Tan, W. P.; Thomas, S.; Tang, X. D.; Brown, E.

    2012-01-01

    The fusion cross section for 12C+13C has been measured down to Ec.m.=2.6 MeV, at which the cross section is of the order of 20 nb. By comparing the cross sections for the three carbon isotope systems, 12C+12C, 12C+13C, and 13C+13C, it is found that the cross sections for 12C+13C and 13C+13C provide an upper limit for the fusion cross section of 12C+12C over a wide energy range. After calibrating the effective nuclear potential for 12C+12C using the 12C+13C and 13C+13C fusion cross sections, it is found that a coupled-channels calculation with the ingoing wave boundary condition (IWBC) is capable of predicting the major peak cross sections in 12C+12C. A qualitative explanation for this upper limit is provided by the Nogami-Imanishi model and by level density differences among the compound nuclei. It is found that the strong resonance found at 2.14 MeV in 12C+12C exceeds this upper limit by a factor of more than 20. The preliminary result from the most recent measurement shows a much smaller cross section at this energy, which agrees with our predicted upper limit.

  6. Bioleaching of spent Ni-Cd batteries by continuous flow system: Effect of hydraulic retention time and process load

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhao Ling; Yang Dong [School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Zhu Nanwen [School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China)], E-mail: nwzhu@sina.com

    2008-12-30

    Spent Ni-Cd batteries bring a severe environmental problem that needs to be solved urgently. A novel continuous flow two-step leaching system based on bioleaching was introduced to dissolve heavy metals in batteries. It consists of an acidifying reactor which was used to culture indigenous thiobacilli and a leaching reactor which was used to leach metals from spent batteries. The indigenous acidophilic thiobacilli in sewage sludge was used as the microorganisms and the sludge itself as culture medium. Bioleaching tests at different hydraulic retention time (HRT) and process load in the leaching reactor were performed. The results showed that the longer the HRT (1, 3, 6, 9 and 15 days) was, the more time required to achieve the complete leaching of Ni, Cd and Co. The maximum dissolution of cadmium and cobalt was achieved at higher pH values (3.0-4.5) while the leaching of nickel hydroxide and nickel in metallic form (Ni{sup 0}) were obtained separately in different acidity (pH 2.5-3.5). It cost about 25, 30 and more than 40 days to remove all of the three heavy metals with the process load of two, four and eight Ni-Cd batteries under the conditions that the ingoing bio-sulphuric acid was 1 L d{sup -1} and HRT was 3 days.

  7. Possible disruption of remote viewing by complex weak magnetic fields around the stimulus site and the possibility of accessing real phase space: a pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koren, S A; Persinger, M A

    2002-12-01

    In 2002 Persinger, Roll, Tiller, Koren, and Cook considered whether there are physical processes by which recondite information exists within the space and time of objects or events. The stimuli that compose this information might be directly detected within the whole brain without being processed by the typical sensory modalities. We tested the artist Ingo Swann who can reliably draw and describe randomly selected photographs sealed in envelopes in another room. In the present experiment the photographs were immersed continuously in repeated presentations (5 times per sec.) of one of two types of computer-generated complex magnetic field patterns whose intensities were less than 20 nT over most of the area. WINDOWS-generated but not DOS-generated patterns were associated with a marked decrease in Mr. Swann's accuracy. Whereas the DOS software generated exactly the same pattern, WINDOWS software phase-modulated the actual wave form resulting in an infinite bandwidth and complexity. We suggest that information obtained by processes attributed to "paranormal" phenomena have physical correlates that can be masked by weak, infinitely variable magnetic fields.

  8. Thermodynamics of H+/Cs+ exchange on amorphous zirconium phosphate in mixed solvents

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Misak, N.Z.; Mikhail, E.M.

    1983-01-01

    In aqueous, 30% isopropanol and acetone, and up to 90% methanol, the H + /Cs + exchange on zirconium phosphate is entropy directed, while in 60% isopropanol and acetone it is enthalpy directed and a selectivity reversal occurs. ΔF 0 decreases in all cases with increasing addition of the organic solvent. ΔH 0 becomes appreciably negative (ΔH 0 = 0 in aqueous medium) and ΔS 0 decreases appreciably on addition of 30% organic solvent, but they increase with further addition. In presence of methanol, ion-solvent interaction effects are counteracted by effects of solid phase interactions but the former effects predominate and lead to decrease of ΔF 0 . On going from 30 to 90 % methanol, positive enthalpy and entropy changes occur due to solid phase interactions involving probably the dehydration of the ingoing Cs + . In presence of up to 60% acetone, ΔF 0 (or selectively constant) changes mainly due to ion-solvent interactions and can be theoretically calculated from the value in the aqueous medium by use of transfer thermodynamics data. This is probably due to a limited imbibition of acetone. (author)

  9. Lastekirjandus vallutab uusi tippe : eesti lastekirjandus 2009 / Jaanus Vaiksoo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaiksoo, Jaanus, 1967-

    2010-01-01

    Ülevaade 2009. aasta eesti lastekirjandusest. Pikemalt käsitletakse järgmisi autoreid ja nende teoseid: Kadi Hinrikus "Kui emad olid väikesed", Kristiina Kass "Peeter ja mina", Mika Keränen "Varastatud oranž jalgratas", Andrus Kivirähk "Kaka ja kevad", Aino Pervik "Ühes väikses veidras linnas", Maarja Undusk "Päkapikk Ingo", Ilmar Tomusk "Vend Johannes", Indrek Koff "Enne kooli", Piret Raud "Härra Linnu lugu", Wimberg "Suur pidusöök", Artur Jurin "Puru kuningriigi lood II", Joonas Sildre "Maailma naba", kogumik "Uued eesti muinasjutud", Aino Pervik "Tirilinna lood", Aimeé Beekman "Päästekoer Walter", Eve Ernis "Karupoeg Nummi seiklused", Priit Aimla "Torisev vanatoi", Juhani Püttsepp "Väikese hundi lood" ja "Lauajupi Madonna", Epp Petrone "Siis, kui seened veel rääkisid", Heiki Vilep "Habemega nali", "Nõiutud linn", Leelo Tungal "Naljatilgad lähevad laulupeole", "Kama üks ja kama kaks", koos Peep Pedmansoniga Miriami lood"(esimene 3D-piltidega lasteraamat), Aidi Vallik "Pints ja Tutsik" 2. osa, Mare Müürsepp "Viis vaba kutsikat", Tiia Selli "Kass Kriibik", Aleksei Turovski "Kassipoeg Võilill", Kaider Vardja "Vana maja lugu", Merca "Mullivesi", Ülle Kütsen "Väike puu ja rändur kuu", Lehte Hainsalu "Mängiks midagi", Peep Veedla "Pöialpoiss"

  10. Nitrite promotes protein carbonylation and Strecker aldehyde formation in experimental fermented sausages: are both events connected?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villaverde, A; Ventanas, J; Estévez, M

    2014-12-01

    The role played by curing agents (nitrite, ascorbate) on protein oxidation and Strecker aldehyde formation is studied. To fulfill this objective, increasing concentrations of nitrite (0, 75 and 150ppm) and ascorbate (0, 250 and 500ppm) were added to sausages subjected to a 54day drying process. The concurrence of intense proteolysis, protein carbonylation and formation of Strecker aldehydes during processing of sausages suggests that α-aminoadipic semialdehyde (AAS) and γ-glutamic semialdehyde (GGS) may be implicated in the formation of Strecker aldehydes. The fact that nitrite (150ppm, ingoing amount) significantly promoted the formation of protein carbonyls at early stages of processing and the subsequent formation of Strecker aldehydes provides strength to this hypothesis. Ascorbate (125 and 250ppm) controlled the overall extent of protein carbonylation in sausages without declining the formation of Strecker aldehydes. These results may contribute to understanding the chemistry fundamentals of the positive influence of nitrite on the flavor and overall acceptability of cured muscle foods. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. The use and control of nitrate and nitrite for the processing of meat products.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Honikel, Karl-Otto

    2008-01-01

    Nitrate and nitrite are used for the purpose of curing meat products. In most countries the use of both substances, usually added as potassium or sodium salts, is limited. Either the ingoing or the residual amounts are regulated by laws. The effective substance is nitrite acting primarily as an inhibitor for some microorganisms. Nitrite added to a batter of meat is partially oxidized to nitrate by sequestering oxygen - thus it acts as an antioxidant - a part of nitrite is bound to myoglobin, forming the heat stable NO-myoglobin, a part is bound to proteins or other substances in meat. Nitrate may be reduced to nitrite in raw meat products by microorganisms. As oxidation and reduction may occur the concentrations of nitrite plus nitrate in a product has to be controlled and measured especially if the residual amounts are regulated. This sum of both compounds is important for the human body. Intake of nitrate with food leads to its absorption over the digestive tract into the blood. In the oral cavity nitrate appears again where it is reduced to nitrite. With the saliva the nitrite is mixed with food, having the same effect as nitrite in a batter (inhibiting growth of some pathogenic microorganisms) and swallowed. In the stomach nitrite can eventually form carcinogenic nitrosamines in the acidic environment.

  12. Spatial and null infinity via advanced and retarded conformal factors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hayward, Sean A.

    2003-01-01

    A new approach to space-time asymptotics is presented, refining Penrose's idea of conformal transformations with infinity represented by the conformal boundary of space-time. It is proposed that the Penrose conformal factor be a product of advanced and retarded conformal factors, which asymptotically relate physical and conformal null coordinates and vanish at future and past null infinity respectively. A refined definition of asymptotic flatness at both spatial and null infinity is given, including that the conformal boundary is locally a light cone, with spatial infinity as the vertex. It is shown how to choose the conformal factors so that this asymptotic light cone is locally a metric light cone. The theory is implemented in the spin-coefficient (or null-tetrad) formalism by a joint transformation of the spin-metric and spin-basis (or metric and tetrad). Asymptotic regularity conditions are proposed, based on the conformal boundary locally being a smoothly embedded metric light cone. These conditions ensure that the Bondi-Sachs energy-flux integrals of ingoing and outgoing gravitational radiation decay at spatial infinity such that the total radiated energy is finite, and that the Bondi-Sachs energy-momentum has a unique limit at spatial infinity, coinciding with the uniquely rendered ADM energy-momentum

  13. Quantum behaviors on an excreting black hole

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lindesay, James

    2009-01-01

    Often, geometries with horizons offer insights into the intricate relationships between general relativity and quantum physics. However, some subtle aspects of gravitating quantum systems might be difficult to ascertain using static backgrounds, since quantum mechanics incorporates dynamic measurability constraints (such as the uncertainty principle, etc). For this reason, the behaviors of quantum systems on a dynamic black hole background are explored in this paper. The velocities and trajectories of representative outgoing, ingoing and stationary classical particles are calculated and contrasted, and the dynamics of simple quantum fields (both massless and massive) on the spacetime are examined. Invariant densities associated with the quantum fields are exhibited on the Penrose diagram that represents the excreting black hole. Furthermore, a generic approach for the consistent mutual gravitation of quanta in a manner that reproduces the given geometry is developed. The dynamics of the mutually gravitating quantum fields are expressed in terms of the affine parameter that describes local motions of a given quantum type on the spacetime. Algebraic equations that relate the energy-momentum densities of the quantum fields to Einstein's tensor can then be developed. An example mutually gravitating system of macroscopically coherent quanta along with a core gravitating field is demonstrated. Since the approach is generic and algebraic, it can be used to represent a variety of systems with specified boundary conditions.

  14. Monte Carlo surface flux tallies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Favorite, Jeffrey A.

    2010-01-01

    Particle fluxes on surfaces are difficult to calculate with Monte Carlo codes because the score requires a division by the surface-crossing angle cosine, and grazing angles lead to inaccuracies. We revisit the standard practice of dividing by half of a cosine 'cutoff' for particles whose surface-crossing cosines are below the cutoff. The theory behind this approximation is sound, but the application of the theory to all possible situations does not account for two implicit assumptions: (1) the grazing band must be symmetric about 0, and (2) a single linear expansion for the angular flux must be applied in the entire grazing band. These assumptions are violated in common circumstances; for example, for separate in-going and out-going flux tallies on internal surfaces, and for out-going flux tallies on external surfaces. In some situations, dividing by two-thirds of the cosine cutoff is more appropriate. If users were able to control both the cosine cutoff and the substitute value, they could use these parameters to make accurate surface flux tallies. The procedure is demonstrated in a test problem in which Monte Carlo surface fluxes in cosine bins are converted to angular fluxes and compared with the results of a discrete ordinates calculation.

  15. Decoupling reconsidered: Does world society integration influence the relationship between the environment and economic development?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Longhofer, Wesley; Jorgenson, Andrew

    2017-07-01

    This study advances scholarship on environment and development by examining whether nations more embedded in the pro-environmental world society are more or less likely to experience a relative decoupling between economic development and carbon emissions over time. The authors calculate a network centrality measure using national-level membership data on environmental international nongovernmental organizations (INGOs), and then employ the measure to create four subsamples of nations that are relatively more or less integrated in the environmental world society. The authors use interactions between measures of economic development and time in two-way fixed effects models to estimate the potentially changing effects of development on carbon emissions for the four subsamples of nations from 1970 to 2009. Results indicate that nations that are the most embedded in the environmental world society experienced a moderate decrease through time in the effect of development on carbon emissions, while the effect of development on emissions increased through time in the most peripheral nations. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Conference on raw materials and jobs cost variation - Impact on wind turbine manufacturers and operators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chabot, Bernard; Falk, Thorsten; Braeuninger, Michael; Rehfeldt, Knud; Brand, Ruth; Buhr, Ingo de; Jenne, Markus

    2007-01-01

    In the framework of the 2007 Husum Wind exhibition, the French-German office for Renewable energies (OFAEnR) organised a side event on In the framework of this French-German exchange of experience, participants exchanged views on raw materials and jobs cost variations in the wind power industry in both countries. Its aim was to compare and analyse the French and German respective support systems to renewable energy sources. This document brings together the available presentations (slides) made during this event: 1 - Protecting wind energy tariffs against inflation effects: analysis and suggestions from the French experience (Bernard Chabot); 2 - Wind energy in Germany - Tariff structure in the EEG renewable energy law (Thorsten Falk); 3 - Wind energy competitiveness (Michael Braeuninge, Knud Rehfeldt); 4 - Influence of raw materials price rise on the production costs of ENERCON wind turbines maker (Ruth Brand); 5 - Presentation of the overall costs of an offshore wind energy project (Ingo de Buhr); 6 - Comparison between French and German tariffs profitability using a model wind farm: presentation of the pros and cons of both systems (Markus Jenne)

  17. The causal structure of dynamical charged black holes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hong, Sungwook E; Hwang, Dong-il; Stewart, Ewan D; Yeom, Dong-han

    2010-01-01

    We study the causal structure of dynamical charged black holes, with a sufficient number of massless fields, using numerical simulations. Neglecting Hawking radiation, the inner horizon is a null Cauchy horizon and a curvature singularity due to mass inflation. When we include Hawking radiation, the inner horizon becomes space-like and is separated from the Cauchy horizon, which is parallel to the out-going null direction. Since a charged black hole must eventually transit to a neutral black hole, we studied the neutralization of the black hole and observed that the inner horizon evolves into a space-like singularity, generating a Cauchy horizon which is parallel to the in-going null direction. Since the mass function is finite around the inner horizon, the inner horizon is regular and penetrable in a general relativistic sense. However, since the curvature functions become trans-Planckian, we cannot say more about the region beyond the inner horizon, and it is natural to say that there is a 'physical' space-like singularity. However, if we assume an exponentially large number of massless scalar fields, our results can be extended beyond the inner horizon. In this case, strong cosmic censorship and black hole complementarity can be violated.

  18. Revisit emission spectrum and entropy quantum of the Reissner-Nordstroem black hole

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jiang, Qing-Quan

    2012-01-01

    Banerjee and Majhi's recent work shows that black hole's emission spectrum could be fully reproduced in the tunneling picture, where, as an intriguing technique, the Kruskal extension was introduced to connect the left and right modes inside and outside the horizon. Some attempt, as an extension, was focused on producing the Hawking emission spectrum of the (charged) Reissner-Nordstroem black hole in the Banerjee-Majhi treatment. Unfortunately, the Kruskal extension in their observation was so badly defined that the ingoing mode was classically forbidden traveling towards the center of black hole, but could quantum tunnel across the horizon with the probability Γ=e -πω 0 /κ + . This tunneling picture is unphysical. With this point as a central motivation, in this paper we first introduce such a suitable Kruskal extension for the (charged) Reissner-Nordstroem black hole that a perfect tunneling picture can be provided during the charged particle's emission. Then, under the new Kruskal extension, we revisit the Hawking emission spectrum and entropy spectroscopy as tunneling from the charged black hole. The result shows that the tunneling method is so universally robust that the Hawking blackbody emission spectrum from a charged black hole can be well reproduced in the tunneling mechanism, and its induced entropy quantum is a much better approximation for the forthcoming quantum gravity theory. (orig.)

  19. SPATIAL-TEMPORAL ANALYSIS OF SOCIAL MEDIA DATA RELATED TO NEPAL EARTHQUAKE 2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Thapa

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Social Medias these days have become the instant communication platform to share anything; from personal feelings to the matter of public concern, these are the easiest and aphoristic way to deliver information among the mass. With the development of Web 2.0 technologies, more and more emphasis has been given to user input in the web; the concept of Geoweb is being visualized and in the recent years, social media like Twitter, Flicker are among the popular Location Based Social Medias with locational functionality enabled in them. Nepal faced devastating earthquake on 25 April, 2015 resulting in the loss of thousands of lives, destruction in the historical-archaeological sites and properties. Instant help was offered by many countries around the globe and even lots of NGOs, INGOs and people started the rescue operations immediately; concerned authorities and people used different communication medium like Frequency Modulation Stations, Television, and Social Medias over the World Wide Web to gather information associated with the Quake and to ease the rescue activities. They also initiated campaign in the Social Media to raise the funds and support the victims. Even the social medias like Facebook, Twitter, themselves announced the helping campaign to rebuild Nepal. In such scenario, this paper features the analysis of Twitter data containing hashtag related to Nepal Earthquake 2015 together with their temporal characteristics, when were the message generated, where were these from and how these spread spatially over the internet?

  20. Some optics alternatives for the FFS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Spencer, J.E.

    1984-01-01

    The evolution of the SLC Final Focus System (FFS) has been discussed in the SLC Red Books and various collider notes. Bulos and Brown and Murray were able to achieve small β's with large l 1 's (the distance between the IP and the effective field boundary of the first quad). However, all current solutions which are compatible with the known constraints of the total path length, aperture and spot size require high gradient, superconducting quads. Such quads cannot be expected to provide very good inherent field quality (i.e., without correction windings) but can be expected to be comparatively expensive to build and operate simply. The purpose of this note is to present a more general solution for the FFS telescope which is compatible with the known constraints of detectors, magnet types, available space and the ingoing and outgoing phase space expectations. While a number of different solutions were found, the ones presented provide comparable performance, simpler operation and lower costs. The gradients are sufficiently low to allow the use of conventional electromagnets, intrinsic or cryostable superconducting or rare earth permanent (REP) magnets or any arbitary combination of all of these magnet types. 8 references, 9 figures, 1 table

  1. Design of a phased array for the generation of adaptive radiation force along a path surrounding a breast lesion for dynamic ultrasound elastography imaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ekeom, Didace; Hadj Henni, Anis; Cloutier, Guy

    2013-03-01

    This work demonstrates, with numerical simulations, the potential of an octagonal probe for the generation of radiation forces in a set of points following a path surrounding a breast lesion in the context of dynamic ultrasound elastography imaging. Because of the in-going wave adaptive focusing strategy, the proposed method is adapted to induce shear wave fronts to interact optimally with complex lesions. Transducer elements were based on 1-3 piezocomposite material. Three-dimensional simulations combining the finite element method and boundary element method with periodic boundary conditions in the elevation direction were used to predict acoustic wave radiation in a targeted region of interest. The coupling factor of the piezocomposite material and the radiated power of the transducer were optimized. The transducer's electrical impedance was targeted to 50 Ω. The probe was simulated by assembling the designed transducer elements to build an octagonal phased-array with 256 elements on each edge (for a total of 2048 elements). The central frequency is 4.54 MHz; simulated transducer elements are able to deliver enough power and can generate the radiation force with a relatively low level of voltage excitation. Using dynamic transmitter beamforming techniques, the radiation force along a path and resulting acoustic pattern in the breast were simulated assuming a linear isotropic medium. Magnitude and orientation of the acoustic intensity (radiation force) at any point of a generation path could be controlled for the case of an example representing a heterogeneous medium with an embedded soft mechanical inclusion.

  2. Changes in amino acid profile of alfalfa silage preserved by chemical and biological additives during fermentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaroslava Michálková

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Changes in amino acid profile of alfalfa silage preserved with chemical or biological additives were studied in fresh and wilted silage. The chemical additive was formic acid and the biological additive consisted of Lactobacillus rhamnosus, L. plantarum, L. brevis, L. buchneri and Pediococcus pentosaceus. Second cut alfalfa (Medicago sativa L. was harvested at the bloom stage, ensiled in mini silos (15 dm3 and fermented at 20–23 °C for 12 weeks. The dry matter of the fresh silage was 228 g . kg−1 and 281.6 g . kg−1 for the wilted before ensiling. The amino acid content was estimated by using an automatic amino acid analyzer AAA (INGOS Prague. The results of the experiments indicated that amino acid breakdown was inhibited by increased dry matter and the use of chemical and biological additive. Additionally, the content of amino acids was found to change in relation to the degree of wilting and formic acid treatment yielded the lowest amino acid breakdown. The amino acid breakdown was also reduced by biological preservative especially in the silage with a higher level of dry matter content.

  3. Energy and information near black hole horizons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Freivogel, Ben

    2014-01-01

    The central challenge in trying to resolve the firewall paradox is to identify excitations in the near-horizon zone of a black hole that can carry information without injuring a freely falling observer. By analyzing the problem from the point of view of a freely falling observer, I arrive at a simple proposal for the degrees of freedom that carry information out of the black hole. An infalling observer experiences the information-carrying modes as ingoing, negative energy excitations of the quantum fields. In these states, freely falling observers who fall in from infinity do not encounter a firewall, but freely falling observers who begin their free fall from a location close to the horizon are ''frozen'' by a flux of negative energy. When the black hole is ''mined,'' the number of information-carrying modes increases, increasing the negative energy flux in the infalling frame without violating the equivalence principle. Finally, I point out a loophole in recent arguments that an infalling observer must detect a violation of unitarity, effective field theory, or free infall

  4. Type II critical phenomena of neutron star collapse

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Noble, Scott C.; Choptuik, Matthew W.

    2008-01-01

    We investigate spherically symmetric, general relativistic systems of collapsing perfect fluid distributions. We consider neutron star models that are driven to collapse by the addition of an initially 'ingoing' velocity profile to the nominally static star solution. The neutron star models we use are Tolman-Oppenheimer-Volkoff solutions with an initially isentropic, gamma law equation of state. The initial values of (1) the amplitude of the velocity profile, and (2) the central density of the star, span a parameter space, and we focus only on that region that gives rise to type II critical behavior, wherein black holes of arbitrarily small mass can be formed. In contrast to previously published work, we find that--for a specific value of the adiabatic index (Γ=2)--the observed type II critical solution has approximately the same scaling exponent as that calculated for an ultrarelativistic fluid of the same index. Further, we find that the critical solution computed using the ideal-gas equations of state asymptotes to the ultrarelativistic critical solution.

  5. The PS locomotive runs again

    CERN Multimedia

    2001-01-01

    Over forty years ago, the PS train entered service to steer the magnets of the accelerator into place... ... a service that was resumed last Tuesday. Left to right: Raymond Brown (CERN), Claude Tholomier (D.B.S.), Marcel Genolin (CERN), Gérard Saumade (D.B.S.), Ingo Ruehl (CERN), Olivier Carlier (D.B.S.), Patrick Poisot (D.B.S.), Christian Recour (D.B.S.). It is more than ten years since people at CERN heard the rumbling of the old PS train's steel wheels. Last Tuesday, the locomotive came back into service to be tested. It is nothing like the monstrous steel engines still running on conventional railways -just a small electric battery-driven vehicle employed on installing the magnets for the PS accelerator more than 40 years ago. To do so, it used the tracks that run round the accelerator. In fact, it is the grandfather of the LEP monorail. After PS was commissioned in 1959, the little train was used more and more rarely. This is because magnets never break down, or hardly ever! In fact, the loc...

  6. Hindrance of O16+Pb208 fusion at extreme sub-barrier energies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esbensen, Henning; Mişicu, Şerban

    2007-11-01

    We analyze the fusion data for O16+Pb208 using coupled-channels calculations. We include couplings to the low-lying surface excitations of the projectile and target and study the effect of the (O16,O17) one-neutron pickup. The hindrance of the fusion data that is observed at energies far below the Coulomb barrier cannot be explained by a conventional ion-ion potential and defining the fusion in terms of ingoing-wave boundary conditions (IWBC). We show that the hindrance can be explained fairly well by applying the M3Y double-folding potential which has been corrected with a calibrated, repulsive term that simulates the effect of nuclear incompressibility. We show that the coupling to one-neutron transfer channels plays a crucial role in improving the fit to the data. The best fit is achieved by increasing the transfer strength by 25% relative to the strength that is required to reproduce the one-neutron transfer data. The larger strength is not unrealistic because the calculated inelastic plus transfer cross section is in good agreement with the measured quasielastic cross section. We finally discuss the problem of reproducing the fusion data at energies far above the Coulomb barrier. Here we do not account for the data when we apply the IWBC but the discrepancy is essentially eliminated by applying the M3Y+repulsion potential and a weak, short-ranged imaginary potential.

  7. Gravitational lensing as a mechanism for effective cloaking

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tippett, Benjamin K.

    2011-01-01

    In light of the surge in popularity of electromagnetic cloaking devices, we consider whether it is possible to use general relativity to cloak a volume of spacetime through gravitational lensing. We explore the cloaking properties of a spacetime through a ray-tracing procedure, wherein we plot the spatial trajectories of a congruence of initially parallel null geodesics as they cross the geometry. In this context, a cloaking device would cause all of the null geodesics in an initially parallel congruence incident upon the cloaking geometry to circumnavigate an internal region, and as the geodesics emerge from the geometry, they regain their original configuration. Thus, if gravitational lensing were used as a mechanism for cloaking, the internal region would be causally isolated from the external spacetime. For this reason, we propose an effective cloaking geometry wherein (only) most of ingoing null geodesics will splay away from a central region, and then regain their initial configuration as they exit the geometry. Thus, a compact object sitting within the effective cloaking geometry will impede a smaller cross section of the null congruence, and therefore appear optically smaller from all sides. We build our effective cloaking geometry by connecting a Minkowski spacetime exterior to a spherically symmetric, curved spacetime along a timelike hypersurface of constant radius using the Israel junction conditions. The junction conditions require a shell of matter of infinitesimal width confined to the junction surface. The matter required to build such a spacetime must violate the null energy condition.

  8. Spatial-Temporal Analysis of Social Media Data Related to Nepal Earthquake 2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thapa, L.

    2016-06-01

    Social Medias these days have become the instant communication platform to share anything; from personal feelings to the matter of public concern, these are the easiest and aphoristic way to deliver information among the mass. With the development of Web 2.0 technologies, more and more emphasis has been given to user input in the web; the concept of Geoweb is being visualized and in the recent years, social media like Twitter, Flicker are among the popular Location Based Social Medias with locational functionality enabled in them. Nepal faced devastating earthquake on 25 April, 2015 resulting in the loss of thousands of lives, destruction in the historical-archaeological sites and properties. Instant help was offered by many countries around the globe and even lots of NGOs, INGOs and people started the rescue operations immediately; concerned authorities and people used different communication medium like Frequency Modulation Stations, Television, and Social Medias over the World Wide Web to gather information associated with the Quake and to ease the rescue activities. They also initiated campaign in the Social Media to raise the funds and support the victims. Even the social medias like Facebook, Twitter, themselves announced the helping campaign to rebuild Nepal. In such scenario, this paper features the analysis of Twitter data containing hashtag related to Nepal Earthquake 2015 together with their temporal characteristics, when were the message generated, where were these from and how these spread spatially over the internet?

  9. Self-Gravitating Stellar Collapse: Explicit Geodesics and Path Integration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Balakrishna, Jayashree; Bondarescu, Ruxandra; Moran, Christine C.

    2016-01-01

    We extend the work of Oppenheimer and Synder to model the gravitational collapse of a star to a black hole by including quantum mechanical effects. We first derive closed-form solutions for classical paths followed by a particle on the surface of the collapsing star in Schwarzschild and Kruskal coordinates for space-like, time-like, and light-like geodesics. We next present an application of these paths to model the collapse of ultra-light dark matter particles, which necessitates incorporating quantum effects. To do so we treat a particle on the surface of the star as a wavepacket and integrate over all possible paths taken by the particle. The waveform is computed in Schwarzschild coordinates and found to exhibit an ingoing and an outgoing component, where the former contains the probability of collapse, while the latter contains the probability that the star will disperse. These calculations pave the way for investigating the possibility of quantum collapse that does not lead to black hole formation as well as for exploring the nature of the wavefunction inside r = 2M.

  10. Achieving Health SDG 3 in Africa through NGO Capacity Building - Insights from the Gates Foundation Investment in Partnership in Advocacy for Child and Family Health (PACFaH) Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Judith-Ann

    2016-09-01

    As global impact investors gear up to support roll out of the Sustainable Development Goals in the developing world, African CSOs are urged to ensure that governments shift health funding sources away from aid and loans to innovative domestic funding sources which prioritize health. To do so, African CSOs require support to build their capacity for policy and budget advocacy. Governments and development partners have failed to invest in long term capacity building projects for indigenous NGOs and instead support INGOs to push the health advocacy agenda forward. In Nigeria, the Gates foundation has risen to the challenge of building capacity of indigenous NGOs for social accountability in child and family health. The 3 year pilot project - Partnership for Advocacy in Child and Family Health Project (PACFaH) mainstreams capacity building as an effective implementation strategy for 8 indigenous NGOs to deliver on - policy; budgetary; legislative; and administrative advocacy in four issue areas: 1) family planning; 2) nutrition; 3) routine immunization; and 4) reduction of under-5 deaths from diarrhea and pneumonia. This paper documents the achievements of the eight advocacy NGOs in PACFaH, at midterm and notes that while there have been challenges, working through capacity building as an implementation strategy has enabled the local groups in the delivery of evidence based advocacy.

  11. Self-Gravitating Stellar Collapse: Explicit Geodesics and Path Integration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Balakrishna, Jayashree [Department of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, College of Arts and Sciences, Harris-Stowe State University, St. Louis, MO (United States); Bondarescu, Ruxandra [Department of Physics, University of Zurich, Zurich (Switzerland); Moran, Christine C., E-mail: corbett@tapir.caltech.edu [TAPIR, Department of Theoretical Astrophysics, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA (United States)

    2016-11-25

    We extend the work of Oppenheimer and Synder to model the gravitational collapse of a star to a black hole by including quantum mechanical effects. We first derive closed-form solutions for classical paths followed by a particle on the surface of the collapsing star in Schwarzschild and Kruskal coordinates for space-like, time-like, and light-like geodesics. We next present an application of these paths to model the collapse of ultra-light dark matter particles, which necessitates incorporating quantum effects. To do so we treat a particle on the surface of the star as a wavepacket and integrate over all possible paths taken by the particle. The waveform is computed in Schwarzschild coordinates and found to exhibit an ingoing and an outgoing component, where the former contains the probability of collapse, while the latter contains the probability that the star will disperse. These calculations pave the way for investigating the possibility of quantum collapse that does not lead to black hole formation as well as for exploring the nature of the wavefunction inside r = 2M.

  12. The causal structure of dynamical charged black holes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hong, Sungwook E; Hwang, Dong-il; Stewart, Ewan D; Yeom, Dong-han, E-mail: eostm@muon.kaist.ac.k, E-mail: enotsae@gmail.co, E-mail: innocent@muon.kaist.ac.k [Department of Physics, KAIST, Daejeon 305-701 (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-02-21

    We study the causal structure of dynamical charged black holes, with a sufficient number of massless fields, using numerical simulations. Neglecting Hawking radiation, the inner horizon is a null Cauchy horizon and a curvature singularity due to mass inflation. When we include Hawking radiation, the inner horizon becomes space-like and is separated from the Cauchy horizon, which is parallel to the out-going null direction. Since a charged black hole must eventually transit to a neutral black hole, we studied the neutralization of the black hole and observed that the inner horizon evolves into a space-like singularity, generating a Cauchy horizon which is parallel to the in-going null direction. Since the mass function is finite around the inner horizon, the inner horizon is regular and penetrable in a general relativistic sense. However, since the curvature functions become trans-Planckian, we cannot say more about the region beyond the inner horizon, and it is natural to say that there is a 'physical' space-like singularity. However, if we assume an exponentially large number of massless scalar fields, our results can be extended beyond the inner horizon. In this case, strong cosmic censorship and black hole complementarity can be violated.

  13. Canonical theory of spherically symmetric spacetimes with cross-streaming null dusts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bičák, Jiří; Hájíček, Petr

    2003-11-01

    The Hamiltonian dynamics of two-component spherically symmetric null dust is studied with regard to the quantum theory of gravitational collapse. The components—the ingoing and outgoing dusts—are assumed to interact only through gravitation. Different kinds of singularities, naked or “clothed,” which can form during collapse processes are described. The general canonical formulation of the one-component null-dust dynamics by Bičák and Kuchař is restricted to the spherically symmetric case and used to construct an action for the two components. The transformation from a metric variable to the quasilocal mass is shown to simplify the mathematics. The action is reduced by a choice of gauge and the corresponding true Hamiltonian is written down. Asymptotic coordinates and energy densities of dust shells are shown to form a complete set of Dirac observables. The action of the asymptotic time translation on the observables is defined but it has been calculated explicitly only in the case of one-component dust (Vaidya metric).

  14. Civil Service Law and Innovative Paradigm of Administration in Governmental Institutions Valstybės tarnybos įstatymas ir inovatyvi vyriausybės institucijų administravimo paradigma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfonsas Laurinavičius

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available

    The article is prepared according to the same name author’s monographic work. Under economic globalization and economic conditions, there are completely new scientific study subjects – public and private interests as well as their interaction and competition. The article reflects the new social phenomenon: to innovatively develop and reform the twenty-first century Public Administration (statutory bodies. The author reveals the democratic legitimation of market mechanisms and the interoperability issues, creating preconditions for meaningful implementation of the new public administration and public management. The subject matter is wide and presents a study of a more limited objective – to define the managerial (social public interest, its implementation measures, and recent trends.

    Article in English

    Straipsnis parengtas pagal autoriaus monografijoje pateiktus tyrimo rezultatus. Dėl ekonominės globalizacijos ir pasikeitusių ūkio sąlygų atsirado nauja mokslo ir studijų sritis – viešieji ir privatūs interesai, jų tarpusavio sąveika ir konkurencija. Straipsnis atspindi naują socialinį reiškinį – viešojo administravimo institucijų inovacinę plėtrą, reformą, atsižvelgiant į XXI a. iššūkius. Autorius atskleidžia rinkos mechanizmų demokratinį įteisinimą ir sąveikos klausimus, sudarančius prielaidas prasmingai įgyvendinti naująjį viešąjį administravimą, plėtoti viešąjį valdymą. Kadangi tyrimo objektas yra labai platus, straipsnyje pateikiamas siauresnio tyrimo tikslas – nustatyti valdymo (socialinį viešąjį interesą, įgyvendinimo priemones ir dabartines tendencijas.

    Straipsnis anglų kalba

  15. Oxidative stress in patients with endodontic pathologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vengerfeldt V

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Veiko Vengerfeldt,1 Reet Mändar,2,3 Mare Saag,1 Anneli Piir,2 Tiiu Kullisaar2 1Institute of Dental Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tartu, 2Institute of Biomedicine and Translational Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tartu, 3Competence Centre on Health Technologies, Tartu, Estonia Background: Apical periodontitis (AP is an inflammatory disease affecting periradicular tissues. It is a widespread condition but its etiopathogenetic mechanisms have not been completely elucidated and the current treatment options are not always successful.Purpose: To compare oxidative stress (OxS levels in the saliva and the endodontium (root canal [RC] contents in patients with different endodontic pathologies and in endodontically healthy subjects.Patients and methods: The study group of this comparison study included 22 subjects with primary chronic apical periodontitis (pCAP, 26 with posttreatment or secondary chronic apical periodontitis (sCAP, eight with acute periapical abscess, 13 with irreversible pulpitis, and 17 healthy controls. Resting saliva samples were collected before clinical treatment. Pulp samples (remnants of the pulp, tooth tissue, and/or previous root filling material were collected under strict aseptic conditions using the Hedström file. The samples were frozen to −80°C until analysis. OxS markers (myeloperoxidase [MPO], oxidative stress index [OSI], 8-isoprostanes [8-EPI] were detected in the saliva and the endodontium. Results: The highest MPO and 8-EPI levels were seen in pCAP and pulpitis, while the highest levels of OSI were seen in pCAP and abscess patients, as well as the saliva of sCAP patients. Controls showed the lowest OxS levels in both RC contents and saliva. Significant positive correlations between OxS markers, periapical index, and pain were revealed. Patients with pain had significantly higher OxS levels in both the endodontium (MPO median 27.9 vs 72.6 ng/mg protein, p=0.004; OSI 6.0 vs 10.4, p<0

  16. Mastimännid ja muu mets : mitmekülgsuse võlu Eesti proosast aastal 2007 / Sirje Olesk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Olesk, Sirje, 1954-

    2008-01-01

    Ülevaade 2007. aasta eesti proosast. Käsitletakse järgimisi autoreid ja nende teoseid: Ene Mihkelson "Katkuhaud", Andrus Kivirähk "Mees, kes teadis ussisõnu", Jaan Kaplinski "Seesama jõgi", Tõnu Õnnepalu "Flandria päevik", Toomas Vint "Mäluauguga naine", Indrek Hargla "French ja Koulu Tarbatus", Kalle Käsper "Buridanid IV", Jaan Tooming "Teekond mäe südamesse", Ustav Mikelsaar "Tunnimehed", Henn Mikelsaar "Teema variatsioonidega", Reet Kudu "Pidupäevad võõrsil", Mara Maret Aronovich "Tagasikäiguga edasi", Aimée Beekman "Proovielu", Valentine Nõlvak "Ellujääja : mälestused", Mehis Heinsaar "Rändaja õnn", Maimu Berg "Unustatud inimesed", Mats Traat "Sarviku armastus : valik kultuuriloolisi novelle", Mihkel Mutt "Siseemigrant : novellid Rui taevalike kommentaaridega", Paavo Kivine "Kaks kavaleri", Kärt Hellerma "Ma armastasin David Copperfieldi", Piret Bristol "Paralleelmeri", Imre Siil "Mereröövlite loss", Kalju Saaber "Issanda loomaaed. Viru sektor", Veiko Märka "Lendas üle marmortahvli", Vahur Afanasjev "Kaadrid otsustavad, ehk, Sööbik ja Pisik seiklevad jälle, ehk, Eesti rahva lühike, kuid õnnelik ajalugu, Ehk kirjalik komejant tühjusest", Aarne Ruuben "Lugusid Anveltist ja Kingissepast", Epp Annus "Sina, Matilda", Peeter Helme "Puudutus", Ivar Sild "Tantsiv linn", Tui Hirv "Tähe tänav. Per musica ad astra", Tiina Laanem "Väikesed vanamehed", Angela Hofberg (pseud.) "Päev nagu elu", Marion Andra "Vähemalt...", Olle Lauli "Niguliste õpilased", Aarne Biin "Linna valitsemine", Erik Tohvri "Mürgiliblikas", Riina Kangur "Elisa", Kerttu Rakke "Küpsiseparadiis", Epp Petrone ja Dagmar Reintam "Õun ära süüa?", Elme Väljaste "Päriselu Proletariaadi puiesteel", Ketlin Priilinn "Hõbeingel", Ira Lember "Kohvik pärnade all", Paul Pajos "Krimijutud edasijõudnuile", Andres Anvelt "Punane elavhõbe", Klaara ja Kaarel Kivi "Mõrvasügis", Tiit Sepa "Hommik ühele", Lembit Uustulnd "Ruutuemanda sündroom : rahvusvaheline

  17. Inventory of future power and heat production technologies. Partial report Energy combines

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Thunman, Henrik; Lind, Fredrik; Johnsson, Filip

    2008-12-01

    This report treats different ways to produce various upgraded biofuels from lignocellulosic materials in so called polygeneration processes. Furthermore the different upgrading technologies are also investigated with respect to co-production of heat and power. The processes investigated are linked to production of - bio pellets (or lignin pellets), dried, grinded and compressed biomass (or lignin); - torrified bio pellets, dried, grinded, heat treated and compressed biomass; - bio-oils or pyrolytic oils, liquefied biomass with crude oil quality; - ethanol via hydrolysis (process where the biomass is divided into sugars and lignin) followed by fermentation; - methane via hydrolysis and fermentation; - methane via indirect gasification and methane via indirect or suspension gasification, - DME (dimethyl ether) via indirect or suspension gasification; - methanol via indirect or suspension gasification; - DME and methanol via methane produced via indirect gasification. Lignocellulosic biomasses are, for example, forest residues or biomass that can be cultivated on degraded lands. The result from this report shows that it is only the production of bio pellets that is fully commercially available today. For all the other polygeneration processes investigated the production of bio-oil and torrified bio pellets stands out from the other processes investigated, as it is the market for the product that holds back the introduction of the technology. For the other technologies one or several components are still not commercialized and the challenges for these technologies are described in the report. Summarizing the efficiencies for the different processes, the processes that produces biofuels for stationary applications, bio pellets, torrified bio pellets and bio-oil, show the highest efficiencies. Accounted for the co-generated power, efficiencies up to 90 % based on ingoing lower heating values of the dry substance fed to the process could be achieved. For the processes

  18. Influence of the meteorological parameters on CFCs and SF6 concentration in the air of Krakow, Poland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bielewski, Jarosław; Najman, Joanna; Śliwka, Ireneusz; Bartyzel, Jakub; Rosiek, Janusz

    2013-04-01

    key words: gas chromatography, trace gases, CFCs and SF6 measurements in urban area. Halogenated compounds (chlorofluorocarbons-CFCs), both natural and industrial, so-called freons, currently exist as trace gases in the entire human environment. The CFCs cause ozone depletion in the stratosphere. Moreover CFCs and SF6 take part in intensification of the greenhouse effect. The decisions of the Vienna Convention (1985) and of the Montreal Protocol (1987) limited the world production level of CFCs in the year 1989 at least 35% after 2004, 90% after 2015 and total reduction after year 2030. On account of international agreements, the measurements of CFCs and SF6 in air were started. Measurement "clean" stations were situated at places outside of urban areas influence and gathered on world program - AGAGE (Advanced Global Atmospheric Gases Experiment). One of these stations is Mace Head (Ireland, 53o N, 10o W), which participates in AGAGE since 1987 [1] and in European InGOS (Integrated non-CO2 Greenhouse gas Observing System) program since 2011. Similar research is also conducted in Central Europe, in urban area of Krakow (Poland, 50o N, 19o E) since 1997. The work discusses results from 15 years of concentration measurements (in the years 1997-2012) of selected halocarbons and SF6 in Krakow. To obtain concentrations of measured compounds the mathematical procedure has been used, where concentrations were calculated using a five points Lagrange's interpolation method. Using temporary measurement data were determined daily arithmetic means and their standard deviations. Based on these data, efficiency of Montreal Protocol legislation, implemented in Poland (The Journal of Laws No. 52) could be assessed [2]. Additionally cut-off filtration method was used to estimate trend of the base line of individual air pollutant. Rejected exceedances of base lines were corelated with meteorological characteristics of Krakow region to evaluate possible sources of pollution. The

  19. Inventory of future power and heat production technologies. Partial report Energy combines; Inventering av framtidens el- och vaermeproduktionstekniker. Delrapport Energikombinat

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thunman, Henrik; Lind, Fredrik; Johnsson, Filip (Chalmers Univ. of Technology, Goeteborg (Sweden))

    2008-12-15

    This report treats different ways to produce various upgraded biofuels from lignocellulosic materials in so called polygeneration processes. Furthermore the different upgrading technologies are also investigated with respect to co-production of heat and power. The processes investigated are linked to production of - bio pellets (or lignin pellets), dried, grinded and compressed biomass (or lignin); - torrified bio pellets, dried, grinded, heat treated and compressed biomass; - bio-oils or pyrolytic oils, liquefied biomass with crude oil quality; - ethanol via hydrolysis (process where the biomass is divided into sugars and lignin) followed by fermentation; - methane via hydrolysis and fermentation; - methane via indirect gasification and methane via indirect or suspension gasification, - DME (dimethyl ether) via indirect or suspension gasification; - methanol via indirect or suspension gasification; - DME and methanol via methane produced via indirect gasification. Lignocellulosic biomasses are, for example, forest residues or biomass that can be cultivated on degraded lands. The result from this report shows that it is only the production of bio pellets that is fully commercially available today. For all the other polygeneration processes investigated the production of bio-oil and torrified bio pellets stands out from the other processes investigated, as it is the market for the product that holds back the introduction of the technology. For the other technologies one or several components are still not commercialized and the challenges for these technologies are described in the report. Summarizing the efficiencies for the different processes, the processes that produces biofuels for stationary applications, bio pellets, torrified bio pellets and bio-oil, show the highest efficiencies. Accounted for the co-generated power, efficiencies up to 90 % based on ingoing lower heating values of the dry substance fed to the process could be achieved. For the processes

  20. Tall tower landscape scale N2O flux measurements in a Danish agricultural and urban, coastal area

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ibrom, Andreas; Lequy, Émeline; Loubet, Benjamin; Pilegaard, Kim; Ambus, Per

    2015-04-01

    Both technical and natural processes emit the greenhouse gas nitrous oxide (N2O) into the atmosphere. The abundant use of nitrogen (N) as fertiliser increases the concentration of reactive nitrogen (Nr) in the atmosphere, the hydrosphere and in the biosphere, i.e. in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Surplus Nr is distributed across linkages to other spheres until most of it is emitted to the atmosphere as NO, N2O or N2. A complete estimate of the effects from human activities on N2O emissions must therefore include all emissions, the direct emissions and the indirect emissions that happen in interlinked spheres. For this it is necessary to assess the fluxes at least at the landscape scale. The episodic nature and the large spatial variability make it difficult to estimate the direct and indirect emissions in a landscape. Modelling requires not only to include the highly variable microbial processes in the ecosystems that produce N2O but as well the accurate simulation of lateral Nr fluxes and their effects on N2O fluxes in places remote from the primary Nr sources. In this context tall tower N2O flux measurements are particularly useful as they integrate over larger areas and can be run, continuously without disturbing the fluxes. On the other hand these measurements can be difficult to interpret due to difficulties to measure the small concentration fluctuations in the atmosphere at small flux rates and to accurately attribute the measured flux at the tower to the area that generates the flux, i.e. the source area. The Technical University of Denmark (DTU) has established eddy covariance N2O flux measurements on a 125 m tall tower at its Risø Campus as part of the EU research infrastructure project the 'Integrated non-CO2 Greenhouse gas Observing System' (InGOS). The eddy covariance system consisted of a N2O/CO quantum cascade laser, Los Gatos, Mountain View, CA, USA and a 3D sonic anemometer (USA-1), Metek, Elmshorn, Germany. The Risø peninsula lies at the

  1. Biofortification of essential nutritional compounds and trace elements in rice and cassava.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sautter, C; Poletti, S; Zhang, P; Gruissem, W

    2006-05-01

    Plant biotechnology can make important contributions to food security and nutritional improvement. For example, the development of 'Golden Rice' by Professor Ingo Potrykus was a milestone in the application of gene technology to deliver both increased nutritional qualities and health improvement to wide sections of the human population. Mineral nutrient and protein deficiency as well as food security remain the most important challenges for developing countries. Current projects are addressing these issues in two major staple crops, cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) and rice. The tropical root crop cassava is a major source of food for approximately 600 million of the population worldwide. In sub-Saharan Africa >200 million of the population rely on cassava as their major source of dietary energy. The nutritional quality of the cassava root is not sufficient to meet all dietary needs. Rice is the staple food for half the world population, providing approximately 20% of the per capita energy and 13% of the protein for human consumption worldwide. In many developing countries the dietary contributions of rice are substantially greater (29.3% dietary energy and 29.1% dietary protein). The current six most popular 'mega' rice varieties (in terms of popularity and acreage), including Chinese hybrid rice, have an incomplete amino acid profile and contain limited amounts of essential micronutrients. Rice lines with improved Fe contents have been developed using genes that have functions in Fe absorption, translocation and accumulation in the plant, as well as improved Fe bioavailability in the human intestine. Current developments in biotechnology-assisted plant improvement are reviewed and the potential of the technology in addressing human nutrition and health are discussed.

  2. Why are older peoples' health needs forgotten post-natural disaster relief in developing countries? A healthcare provider survey of 2005 Kashmir, Pakistan earthquake.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Emily Ying Yang

    2009-01-01

    Although older people may be recognized as a vulnerable group post-natural disasters, their particular needs are rarely met by the providers of emergency services. Studies about older people's health needs post disasters in the South East Asia Tsunami, Kashmir, Pakistan, China, and United States has revealed the lack of concern for older people's health needs. Recent study of older people's health needs post the Kashmir Pakistan earthquake (2005) found older peoples' health needs were masked within the general population. This survey study examines the providers' perceptions of older people's vulnerabilities post-2005 Pakistan earthquake. It aims to understand the awareness of geriatric issues and issues related to current service provision/planning for older people's health needs post disasters. Specifically, service delivery patterns will be compared among different relief agencies. Cross-sectional, structured stakeholder interviews were conducted within a 2 weeks period in February 2006, 4 months post-earthquake in Pakistan-administrated Kashmir. Health/medical relief agencies of three different types of organizational nature: international nongovernmental organization (INGO), national organization, and local/community group were solicited to participate in the study. Descriptive analysis was conducted. Important issues identified include the need to sensitize relief and health workers about older people's health needs post disaster the development of relevant clinical guidelines for chronic disease management postdisaster in developing countries and the advocacy of building in geriatric related components in natural disaster medical relief programs. To effectively address the vulnerability of older people, it is important for governments, relief agencies, and local partners to include and address these issues during their relief operations and policy planning.

  3. Effect of the choice of wave functions on theoretical predictions for symmetry breaking processes: a view from the DKP formalism

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nieto, M.M.

    1978-01-01

    When considering an elementary particle matrix element, of necessity one must make an assumption, which often goes unnoticed, as to what formalism should be used for the wave functions. A current or interaction Lagrangian-density matrix-element is of the form V = anti psi/sub out/GAMMA psi/sub in/, where psi/sub in/ and anti psi/sub out/ represent the physical ingoing and outgoing particles, and GAMMA represents the vertex function. A current must have the dimensions of (length) -3 = (mass) 3 in units of h = c = 1. psi/sub in/ and anti psi/sub out/ must be described in terms of the physical on-shell masses or else one has no phase space. It is only the vertex function which can be symmetric in the internal symmetry under consideration. The decision as to how much of the matrix element will be taken to be symmetric and how much of the matrix element will be taken to be associated with on-mass-shell wave functions is a fundamental assumption. Depending on how the assumption is made, different results will be predicted. Normally first-order Dirac wave functions, with dimensions (length) -3 / 2 and second-order Klein--Gordon wave functions with dimensions (length) -1 are considered for spin- 1 / 2 fermions and spin-O bosons, respectively. The types of new results which are obtained if, on the contrary, one chooses to consider bosons in the first-order Duffin--Kemmer--Petiau formalism are discussed. It is argued that the DKP formalism represents a complementary viewpoint to the spectrum generating approach. Both challenge the standard phenomenology: DKP by changing the wave function, spectrum generating by changing the vertex function

  4. Zeolite Y Adsorbents with High Vapor Uptake Capacity and Robust Cycling Stability for Potential Applications in Advanced Adsorption Heat Pumps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Xiansen; Narayanan, Shankar; Michaelis, Vladimir K; Ong, Ta-Chung; Keeler, Eric G; Kim, Hyunho; McKay, Ian S; Griffin, Robert G; Wang, Evelyn N

    2015-01-01

    Modular and compact adsorption heat pumps (AHPs) promise an energy-efficient alternative to conventional vapor compression based heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems. A key element in the advancement of AHPs is the development of adsorbents with high uptake capacity, fast intracrystalline diffusivity and durable hydrothermal stability. Herein, the ion exchange of NaY zeolites with ingoing Mg 2+ ions is systematically studied to maximize the ion exchange degree (IED) for improved sorption performance. It is found that beyond an ion exchange threshold of 64.1%, deeper ion exchange does not benefit water uptake capacity or characteristic adsorption energy, but does enhance the vapor diffusivity. In addition to using water as an adsorbate, the uptake properties of Mg,Na-Y zeolites were investigated using 20 wt.% MeOH aqueous solution as a novel anti-freeze adsorbate, revealing that the MeOH additive has an insignificant influence on the overall sorption performance. We also demonstrated that the labscale synthetic scalability is robust, and that the tailored zeolites scarcely suffer from hydrothermal stability even after successive 108-fold adsorption/desorption cycles. The samples were analyzed using N 2 sorption, 27 Al/ 29 Si MAS NMR spectroscopy, ICP-AES, dynamic vapor sorption, SEM, Fick's 2 nd law and D-R equation regressions. Among these, close examination of sorption isotherms for H 2 O and N 2 adsorbates allows us to decouple and extract some insightful information underlying the complex water uptake phenomena. This work shows the promising performance of our modified zeolites that can be integrated into various AHP designs for buildings, electronics, and transportation applications.

  5. Current contributions on the technical thermodynamics, power engineering and district heating supply. Special publication; Aktuelle Beitraege zur technischen Thermodynamik, Energietechnik und Fernwaermeversorgung. Sonderveroeffentlichung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2011-03-15

    (Ingo Weidlich).

  6. Handling of quarry waste from schist production at Oppdal, Norway

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willy Danielsen, Svein; Alnæs, Lisbeth; Azrague, Kamal; Suleng, Jon

    2017-04-01

    Handling of quarry waste from schist production at Oppdal, Norway Svein Willy Danielsen1), Lisbeth Alnæs2), Kamal Azrague2), Jon Suleng3) 1) Geomaterials Consultant, Trondheim Norway, 2) SINTEF, Trondheim, Norway, 3) AF Gruppen AS, Oppdal, Norway A significant amount of aggregate research in Norway has been focused on the recovery and use of surplus sizes from hard rock aggregate quarries. The use of sand sized quarry waste (QW) from crushing/processing has been motivated by the rapid depletion of traditional sand/gravel resources, increasing land-use conflicts, and the need to minimise QW deposits which for some quarries are becoming a critical factor for economy as well as for environmental reasons. With an annual aggregate production of 77 million tons, out of which approximately 83 % comes from hard rock, the annual volume of size market, the economic - and also environmental - potential will be considerable. Understanding the geological conditions and petrographic properties of the rock is vital. This is a quartz-feldspar rich metamorphic rock - a meta-arkose - containing rhythmically distributed planar lamina (less than 2 mm thick) or scattered occurrence of mica, separated by layers composed predominately of quartz and feldspar. The rock can be split along the lamina to slabs varying from 0.5 cm to more than 10 cm in thickness, and the microstructure can be characterized as being granoblastic to gneissic. . This makes it possible by well designed crushing process and careful selection of the in-going rock particles, to obtain well shaped aggregates up to at least 20 mm. The on-going project will also study the total cost situation depending on the QW utilisation, discuss the environmental and sustainability issues with a societal perspective, and also consider the market opportunities.

  7. Numerical tests of evolution systems, gauge conditions, and boundary conditions for 1D colliding gravitational plane waves

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bardeen, J.M.; Buchman, L.T.

    2002-01-01

    We investigate how the accuracy and stability of numerical relativity simulations of 1D colliding plane waves depends on choices of equation formulations, gauge conditions, boundary conditions, and numerical methods, all in the context of a first-order 3+1 approach to the Einstein equations, with basic variables some combination of first derivatives of the spatial metric and components of the extrinsic curvature tensor. Hyperbolic schemes, specifically variations on schemes proposed by Bona and Masso and Anderson and York, are compared with variations of the Arnowitt-Deser-Misner formulation. Modifications of the three basic schemes include raising one index in the metric derivative and extrinsic curvature variables and adding a multiple of the energy constraint to the extrinsic curvature evolution equations. Redundant variables in the Bona-Masso formulation may be reset frequently or allowed to evolve freely. Gauge conditions which simplify the dynamical structure of the system are imposed during each time step, but the lapse and shift are reset periodically to control the evolution of the spacetime slicing and the longitudinal part of the metric. We show that physically correct boundary conditions, satisfying the energy and momentum constraint equations, generically require the presence of some ingoing eigenmodes of the characteristic matrix. Numerical methods are developed for the hyperbolic systems based on decomposing flux differences into linear combinations of eigenvectors of the characteristic matrix. These methods are shown to be second-order accurate, and in practice second-order convergent, for smooth solutions, even when the eigenvectors and eigenvalues of the characteristic matrix are spatially varying

  8. Effect of Dry Red Grape Pomace as a Nitrite Substitute on the Microbiological and Physicochemical Properties and Residual Nitrite of Dry-cured Sausage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatemeh Riazi

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objectives: Sodium nitrite and potassium nitrite have been traditionally used for inhibition of Clostridium botulinum and also as an agent to stabilize the color of meat products; however, usage of these additives at high levels could lead to toxicity and cancer originating from the formation of nitrosamines. Nowadays, application of natural preservatives in order to reduce the nitrite content in meat products is increasing. Thus, we used dry red grape pomace (DRGP as a natural alternative to sodium nitrite. Materials and Methods: The effect of two levels of DRGP (1 and 2% on the proximate composition, microbial counts, pH values and residual nitrite level of the samples formulated with two levels of sodium nitrite (30 and 60 mg/kg, as well as the comparison of these sausages with the blank (nitrite-free  and control (full nitrite added samples on the 1rst, 10th, 20th and 30th days of storage at 3-5 °C were evaluated. Results: The results showed that all chemical compositions were in the ranges reported by other researchers, and nitrite was very effective in preventing the microbial growth. Also about 50 % of the ingoing nitrite could be analyzed in the samples after processing. Moreover, the residual nitrite level declined both during the storage of sausage and after the addition of DRGP. Conclusions: The use of DRGP in combination with nitrite for sausages was more effective in keeping the quality and safety of the refrigerated consumer products as indicated by the lower nitrite levels, microbial count and similar composition as compared to the samples treated with nitrite and without nitrite. Keywords: Dry red grape pomace (DRGP, Sausage, Nitrite, Microbial count

  9. Tracking the Magnetic Flux in and Around Sunspots

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sheeley, N. R. Jr.; Stauffer, J. R.; Thomassie, J. C.; Warren, H. P., E-mail: solsheeley@verizon.net, E-mail: harry.warren@nrl.navy.mil [Space Science Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375-5352 (United States)

    2017-02-10

    We have developed a procedure for tracking sunspots observed by the Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager on the Solar Dynamics Observatory and for making curvature-corrected space/time maps of the associated line-of-sight magnetic field and continuum intensity. We apply this procedure to 36 sunspots, each observed continuously for nine days around its central meridian passage time, and find that the proper motions separate into two distinct components depending on their speeds. Fast (∼3–5 km s{sup −1}) motions, comparable to Evershed flows, are produced by weak vertical fluctuations of the horizontal canopy field and recur on a timescale of 12–20 min. Slow (∼0.3–0.5 km s{sup −1}) motions diverge from a sunspot-centered ring whose location depends on the size of the sunspot, occurring in the mid-penumbra for large sunspots and at the outer edge of the penumbra for small sunspots. The slow ingoing features are contracting spokes of a quasi-vertical field of umbral polarity. These inflows disappear when the sunspot loses its penumbra, and may be related to inward-moving penumbral grain. The slow outgoing features may have either polarity depending on whether they originate from quasi-vertical fields of umbral polarity or from the outer edge of the canopy. When a sunspot decays, the penumbra and canopy disappear, and the moat becomes filled with slow outflows of umbral polarity. We apply our procedure to decaying sunspots, to long-lived sunspots, and to numerical simulations of a long-lived sunspot by Rempel.

  10. Deep inelastic collisions between very heavy nuclei

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sann, H.; Olmi, A.; Civelekoglu, Y.

    1977-01-01

    A systematic survey of deep inelastic reactions was performed for colliding nuclei of masses between 80 and 240 amu. The application of large surface detectors and, particularly, of a position sensitive ionization chamber, has proved to be very effective and appropriate for this type of investigation. The Wilczynski diagrams describing the relative motion between the colliding objects shows a gradual trend as a function of growing masses of target and projectile where the trajectories lead the particles not toward negative scattering angles but increasingly into the direction around and above the grazing angle. This behavior is attributed to a delicate balance between Coulomb and nuclear forces. The energy dumping as a function of the mass transfer strength matches a general law between total kinetic energy loss and the variance of the proton number distribution. For the partly damped component this relation seems to hold independently from the choice of ingoing channel and bombarding energy. The dissipation of the kinetic energy does not depend only on the relative velocity of the impinging nuclei, and the simple friction model is not appropriate to describe these processes. The γ-multiplicity measurement displays a rapid increase as a function of scattering angle and total kinetic energy loss, which give new insights to the process and indicate the necessity of microscopic quantum mechanical calculations of the interaction. In the U-U collision large mass transfers are present which possibly populate with relatively large cross sections the transuranic elements. In the Pb-Pb reaction the mass transfer is more restricted. The decay probability by fission of the primary masses increases strongly for growing masses and excitation energies

  11. Sexual harassment among females in working place at Dhangadhi municipality Kailali, District of Nepal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lal Bahadur Kunwar

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Sexual harassment is a challenging issue where women and men work together. It is being recognized as a violation of human rights and human dignity which undermines the equality of opportunity and treatment between men and women. So, this descriptive study was conducted in Dhangadhi Municipality Kailali District, Nepalto find out the experience of sexual harassment in female at working place. Only female respondents who were working in office were taken purposively from four sectors such as government sectors, Company, Government and Public School and NGOs/INGOs for the study by using pre-structured interview schedules. From each sectors 25% of the total female respondents which was 23 people were selected. Data were collected on the basis of first come first take method till the required number was achieved. The study was conducted among 92 respondents. It was observed that women workers were victimized by all form of sexual harassment such as verbal (56.3%, physical (16.9%, Written or Graphical(11.3%, gesture(8.5% and emotional(7.0% form of sexual harassment. Co-workers (52.1% are the major harassers to the women workers. Among 92 respondents, 71(77.2% respondents were facing sexual harassment at working place and major cause of sexual harassment was (36.9% power and position of male but they often ignore the incidence. Female workers are very much vulnerable to sexual harassment by their male co‐workers, immediate Supervisor and manager. It negatively impacts their performance in work, mental and physical health, their human right and dignity.

  12. The fluctuation of free amino acids in serum during acute ischemic stroke

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Szpetnar Maria

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Currently, little data exists regarding the involvement of free amino acids (AA in the pathogenesis of ischemic stroke (IS. Thus, our objective was to study the degree of the degree of fluctuation of free amino acids level in serum during the acute phase of IS. The study consisted of eighteen patients (female/male: 10/8; age: 73.1 ± 4.1 with acute IS that was confirmed by way of computed tomography, while twelve sex and age matched individuals were assigned as control group. During the study period, the patients did not receive any supplemental amino acids therapy that could affect the obtained results. The venous blood was obtained after >3 hours fasting at two time-points; time-point 1 – at admission to the hospital; time-point 2 – on day 5 from stroke onset. The blood for control purposes was collected only once, and the blood collection at time-point 1 was done before thrombolytic treatment (nine patients. The amino acids were identified using the Amino Acids Analyser (AAA 400 by INGOS Corp., Praha, Czech Republic. Our results revealed a statistically significant increase of glutamate, cystine and methionine on day 1 of stroke, in comparison to control, whereas, proline level was decreased on day 1 of stroke – in comparison to control serum. On comparing day 5 to the initial day of IS, elevation was observed of levels of asparagine, glycine, tyrosine, arginine, threonine, valine, leucine and phenylalanine. It can be said, then, that ischemic stroke induces both essential and nonessential amino acid fluctuations. Moreover, the decrease in proline and glutamine serum level with the simultaneous increase in the concentration of branch chain amino acids, Glu and Thr suggests a violent mobilization of the body’s proteins. Thus, a decrease of Pro and a simultaneous increase of Glu serum level could be considered as a marker of acute IS.

  13. Electrodynamics of the event horizon

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Punsly, B.; Coroniti, F.V.

    1989-01-01

    This paper is an investigation of the electrodynamics of the event horizon of a Kerr black hole. It is demonstrated that the event horizon behaves quite generally as an asymptotic vacuum infinity for axisymmetric, charge-neutral, accreting electromagnetic sources. This is in contrast with the general notion that the event horizon can be treated as an imperfect conductive membrane with a surface impedance of 4π/c. The conductive-membrane model has been incorporated into the more sophisticated membrane paradigm of Thorne, Price, and Macdonald by supplementing the model with the full equations of general relativity. In certain situations (in particular those of astrophysical interest), the conductive-membrane interpretation forms the appropriate set of pictures and images in the membrane paradigm. In this paper we reevaluate the specific gedanken experiments that were originally used to motivate the paradigm. We find that great care must be exercised if the detailed interaction of a black hole's external gravitational field with a magnetized plasma is modeled by the electrodynamics of the conductive horizon membrane. For ingoing flows of plasma or electromagnetic waves (when the hole is passively accepting information), the interpretation of the horizon as a vacuum infinity is equivalent to an imperfect conductor with a surface impedance of 4π/c (the impedance of the vacuum). In situations when an imperfect conductor should radiate information (such as a Faraday wheel) the event horizon cannot, since it is an infinity. The event horizon does not behave quite generally as an imperfect conductor, but has electrodynamic properties unique to itself

  14. Public-private partnerships in practice: collaborating to improve health finance policy in Ghana and Kenya.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suchman, Lauren; Hart, Elizabeth; Montagu, Dominic

    2018-06-13

    Social health insurance (SHI), one mechanism for achieving universal health coverage, has become increasingly important in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) as they work to achieve this goal. Although small private providers supply a significant proportion of healthcare in LMICs, integrating these providers into SHI systems is often challenging. Public-private partnerships in health are one way to address these challenges, but we know little about how these collaborations work, how effectively, and why. Drawing on semi-structured interviews conducted with National Health Insurance (NHI) officials in Kenya and Ghana, as well as with staff from several international NGOs (INGOs) representing social franchise networks that are partnering to increase private provider accreditation into the NHIs, this article examines one example of public-private collaboration in practice. We found that interviewees initially had incomplete knowledge about the potential for cross-sector synergy, but both sides were motivated to work together around shared goals and the potential for mutual benefit. The public-private relationship then evolved over time through regular face-to-face interactions, reciprocal feedback, and iterative workplan development. This process led to a collegial relationship that also has given small private providers more voice in the health system. In order to sustain this relationship, we recommend that both public and private sector representatives develop formalized protocols for working together, as well as less formal open channels for communication. Models for aggregating small private providers and delivering them to government programmes as a package have potential to facilitate public-private partnerships as well, but there is little evidence on how these models work in LMICs thus far.

  15. Changing Relations between High Castes and Tamang in Melamchi Valley

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Binod Pokharel

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper is about the processes of transformation of social relations between high caste groups and Tamang in Melamchi Valley for the period of 1980-2010. Development interventions made by government of Nepal and (I NGOs, a decade long undergoing Melamchi Water Supply Project and labor migration are major factors for ongoing changes in the study area. Spread of literacy classes and primary education, availability of credit institutions, introduction of modern farming, road networks, seasonal out migration from the area, etc. primarily define new relations among the groups. Borrowing and lending money were one of the basis of high caste and Tamang relation in past. The latter was regarded as borrower loan from first one. Before 1980s, money and agriculture commodities were controlled by few rich and high castes people. Cash income from various sources made enable the Tamang to stand on an equal footing with high caste people. Open political economy and liberal policy for issuing pass port in 1990s and after that encourage the people to diversify the destination of seasonal migration from India to Gulf countries and East Asia. Various processes of socio-economic and political changes led to local peoples to seek their position and identity in the changing context. Discourse of Tamang, high castes and Dalit entered into the Valley along with the development resources of (INGO and political movements of the country. This made possible to Tamang and other disadvantage groups to define and redefine their ethnic identity. Keywords: High castes; Tamang; credit facilities; subsistence farming; identity construction; money lending; wage labor DOI: 10.3126/dsaj.v4i0.4513 Dhaulagiri Journal of Sociology and Anthropology Vol.4 2010 pp.65-84

  16. Intermittent Anisotropic Turbulence Detected by THEMIS in the Magnetosheath

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macek, W. M.; Wawrzaszek, A.; Kucharuk, B.; Sibeck, D. G.

    2017-12-01

    Following our previous study of Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substorms (THEMIS) data, we consider intermittent turbulence in the magnetosheath depending on various conditions of the magnetized plasma behind the Earth’s bow shock and now also near the magnetopause. Namely, we look at the fluctuations of the components of the Elsässer variables in the plane perpendicular to the scale-dependent background magnetic fields and along the local average ambient magnetic fields. We have shown that Alfvén fluctuations often exhibit strong anisotropic non-gyrotropic turbulent intermittent behavior resulting in substantial deviations of the probability density functions from a normal Gaussian distribution with a large kurtosis. In particular, for very high Alfvénic Mach numbers and high plasma beta, we have clear anisotropy with non-Gaussian statistics in the transverse directions. However, along the magnetic field, the kurtosis is small and the plasma is close to equilibrium. On the other hand, intermittency becomes weaker for moderate Alfvén Mach numbers and lower values of the plasma parameter beta. It also seems that the degree of intermittency of turbulence for the outgoing fluctuations propagating relative to the ambient magnetic field is usually similar as for the ingoing fluctuations, which is in agreement with approximate equipartition of energy between these oppositely propagating Alfvén waves. We believe that the different characteristics of this intermittent anisotropic turbulent behavior in various regions of space and astrophysical plasmas can help identify nonlinear structures responsible for deviations of the plasma from equilibrium.

  17. Unauthorised Biographies: An Analysis Under the Perspective of Robert Alexy's External Theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Inomata

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The present paperwork aimed to analyse whether or not the publication of a biography should require the prior authorisation from the subject  or their family. As there is, in this case, a collision between personality rights and freedom of speech, the proportionality test was used to solve such conflict. The first step was to define biography as a non-ficctional genre. The paperwork then aimed to define the theory of the principles, the external theory of the restriction of fundamental rights and the proportionality test developed by jurist Robert Alexy, which are largely used in Brazil by authors like Virgílio Afonso da Silva, Ingo Wolfgang Sarlet and Daniel Sarmento. It was observed that when fundamental rights collide, the proportionality must be verified and as a result there is a conditional precedence relation between the rights. In such case, the ceding right will be restricted by the preciding one. The external theory is a recognised manner of verifying whether the restriction of a fundamental right is legit or if it is a violation. The need for prior authorisation, based on the personality protection, restricts freedom of speech, on the other hand, its exemption is based on the right to freedom of speech. By applying the aforementioned method, a particular rule was developed and the conditions for it to be applicable: freedom of speech prevails over personality rights in given conditions (public figure, over suitable means, no expectation for privacy in the publication, diligence in the verification of truth or social and journalistic interest over the information

  18. Indirect and direct measurement of thermal neutron acceleration by inelastic scattering on the 177Lu isomer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Belier, G.; Roig, O.; Meot, V.; Daugas, J.M.; Aupiais, J.; Jutier, Ch.; Le Petit, G.; Veyssiere, Ch.

    2008-01-01

    When neutrons interact with isomers, these isomers can de-excite and in such a reaction the outgoing neutron has an energy greater than the in-going one. This process is referred as Inelastic Neutron Acceleration or Super-elastic Scattering. Up to now this process was observed for only two nucleus, 152m Eu and 180m Hf by measuring the number of fast neutrons produced by isomeric targets irradiated with thermal neutrons. In these experiments the energies of the accelerated neutrons were not measured. This report presents an indirect measurement of inelastic neutron acceleration on 177m Lu, based on the burn-up and the radiative capture cross sections measurements. Since at thermal energies the inelastic scattering and the radiative capture are the only processes that contribute to the isomer burn-up, the inelastic cross section can be deduced from the difference between the two measured quantities. Applying this method for the 177 Lu isomer with different neutron fluxes we obtained a value of (257 ± 50) barns (for a temperature of 323 K) and determined that there is no integral resonance for this process. In addition the radiative capture cross section on 177g Lu was measured with a much better accuracy than the accepted value. Since the acceleration cross section is quite high, a direct measurement of this process was undertaken, sending thermal neutrons and measuring the fast neutrons. The main goal now is to measure the outgoing neutron energies in order to identify the neutron transitions in the exit channel. In particular the K conservation question can be addressed by such a measurement. (author)

  19. Indirect and direct measurement of thermal neutron acceleration by inelastic scattering on the {sup 177}Lu isomer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Belier, G.; Roig, O.; Meot, V.; Daugas, J.M. [CEA Bruyeres-le-Chatel, Dept. de Physique Theorique et Appliquee, 91 (France); Aupiais, J.; Jutier, Ch.; Le Petit, G. [CEA Bruyeres-le-Chatel, Service de Physique Nucleaire, 91 (France). Dept. de Physique Theorique et Appliquee; Letourneau, A.; Marie, F. [CEA Saclay, Dept. d' Astrophysique de Physique des Particules, de Physique Nucleaire et de l' Instrumentation Associee, Service de Physique Nucleaire, 91- Gif sur Yvette (France); Veyssiere, Ch. [CEA Saclay, Dept. d' Astrophysique de Physique des Particules, de Physique Nucleaire et de l' Instrumentation Associee, Service d' Ingenierie des Systemes, 91- Gif sur Yvette (France)

    2008-07-01

    When neutrons interact with isomers, these isomers can de-excite and in such a reaction the outgoing neutron has an energy greater than the in-going one. This process is referred as Inelastic Neutron Acceleration or Super-elastic Scattering. Up to now this process was observed for only two nucleus, {sup 152m}Eu and {sup 180m}Hf by measuring the number of fast neutrons produced by isomeric targets irradiated with thermal neutrons. In these experiments the energies of the accelerated neutrons were not measured. This report presents an indirect measurement of inelastic neutron acceleration on {sup 177m}Lu, based on the burn-up and the radiative capture cross sections measurements. Since at thermal energies the inelastic scattering and the radiative capture are the only processes that contribute to the isomer burn-up, the inelastic cross section can be deduced from the difference between the two measured quantities. Applying this method for the {sup 177}Lu isomer with different neutron fluxes we obtained a value of (257 {+-} 50) barns (for a temperature of 323 K) and determined that there is no integral resonance for this process. In addition the radiative capture cross section on {sup 177g}Lu was measured with a much better accuracy than the accepted value. Since the acceleration cross section is quite high, a direct measurement of this process was undertaken, sending thermal neutrons and measuring the fast neutrons. The main goal now is to measure the outgoing neutron energies in order to identify the neutron transitions in the exit channel. In particular the K conservation question can be addressed by such a measurement. (author)

  20. EpiContactTrace: an R-package for contact tracing during livestock disease outbreaks and for risk-based surveillance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nöremark, Maria; Widgren, Stefan

    2014-03-17

    During outbreak of livestock diseases, contact tracing can be an important part of disease control. Animal movements can also be of relevance for risk-based surveillance and sampling, i.e. both when assessing consequences of introduction or likelihood of introduction. In many countries, animal movement data are collected with one of the major objectives to enable contact tracing. However, often an analytical step is needed to retrieve appropriate information for contact tracing or surveillance. In this study, an open source tool was developed to structure livestock movement data to facilitate contact-tracing in real time during disease outbreaks and for input in risk-based surveillance and sampling. The tool, EpiContactTrace, was written in the R-language and uses the network parameters in-degree, out-degree, ingoing contact chain and outgoing contact chain (also called infection chain), which are relevant for forward and backward tracing respectively. The time-frames for backward and forward tracing can be specified independently and search can be done on one farm at a time or for all farms within the dataset. Different outputs are available; datasets with network measures, contacts visualised in a map and automatically generated reports for each farm either in HTML or PDF-format intended for the end-users, i.e. the veterinary authorities, regional disease control officers and field-veterinarians. EpiContactTrace is available as an R-package at the R-project website (http://cran.r-project.org/web/packages/EpiContactTrace/). We believe this tool can help in disease control since it rapidly can structure essential contact information from large datasets. The reproducible reports make this tool robust and independent of manual compilation of data. The open source makes it accessible and easily adaptable for different needs.

  1. The physics of the relativistic counter-streaming instability that drives mass inflation inside black holes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hamilton, Andrew J.S.; Avelino, Pedro P.

    2010-01-01

    If you fall into a real astronomical black hole (choosing a supermassive black hole, to make sure that the tidal forces do not get you first), then you will probably meet your fate not at a central singularity, but rather in the exponentially growing, relativistic counter-streaming instability at the inner horizon first pointed out by Poisson and Israel (1990), who called it mass inflation. The chief purpose of this paper is to present a clear exposition of the physical cause and consequence of inflation in spherical, charged black holes. Inflation acts like a particle accelerator in that it accelerates cold ingoing and outgoing streams through each other to prodigiously high energies. Inflation feeds on itself: the acceleration is powered by the gravity produced by the streaming energy. The paper: (1) uses physical arguments to develop simple approximations that follow the evolution of inflation from ignition, through inflation itself, to collapse; (2) confirms that the simple approximations capture accurately the results of fully nonlinear one- and two-fluid self-similar models; (3) demonstrates that, counter-intuitively, the smaller the accretion rate, the more rapidly inflation exponentiates; (4) shows that in single perfect fluid models, inflation occurs only if the sound speed equals the speed of light, supporting the physical idea that inflation in single fluids is driven by relativistic counter-streaming of waves; (5) shows that what happens during inflation up to the Planck curvature depends not on the distant past or future, but rather on events happening only a few hundred black hole crossing times into the past or future; (6) shows that, if quantum gravity does not intervene, then the generic end result of inflation is not a general relativistic null singularity, but rather a spacelike singularity at zero radius.

  2. Жагаристы и русская литературная среда | Žagarai ir rusų literatūrinė aplinka

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Павел Лавринец

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available „Paskutinės Vilniaus plejados“, lenkų poetų grupės „Żagary“ narių (Teodor Bujnicki, Józef Maśliński, Czesław Miłosz, Jerzy Putrament, Aleksander Rym­kiewicz, Jerzy Zagórski ir kiti kūrybos pirmieji ver­tinimai kitakalbėje spaudoje ir vertimai į kitą kalbą pasirodė Vilniaus rusų periodikoje. Straipsnyje nagri­nėjami žagarų ir rusų literatų kontaktai literatūrinio gyvenimo kontekste bei rekonstruojamos bendros lenkų ir rusų literatų sąveikos sąlygos. Lenkų poetai ir Stepono Batoro Universiteto mokslininkai dalyva­vo Vilniaus rusų literatų renginiuose, rusų literatai skaitė pranešimus ir dalyvavo diskusijose lenkų lite­ratų vakaruose. Rusų literatūrinio gyvenimo dalyviai studijavo ar dėstė Stepono Batoro Universiteto, dirbo Vilniaus įstaigose, bendradarbiavo Vilniaus lenkų ir rusų periodinėje spaudoje kartu su savo lenkų kole­gomis. Vienam iš rusų literatūrinio gyvenimo vado­vų, produktyviam lenkų poezijos vertėjui, kritikui ir publicistui Dorofėjui Bochanui teko 1933 m. lenkų „literatūriniame trečiadienyje“ diskutuoti su Miłoszu ir kitais lenkų literatūrinio jaunimo atstovais meninio vertimo klausimais. Tas pats Bochanas skyrė daug dėmesio Bujnickio kūrybai dideliame straipsnyje apie naujausią lenkų poeziją, pateikdamas jo eilėraš­čių vertimus ir pastebėdamas Aleksandro Bloko ir Vladimiro Majakovskio įtaką (1934. Bochanas iš­kritikavo Bujnickio ir Maślińskio eilėraščius, bet tei­giamai atsiliepė apie Rymkiewicziaus, Putramento, Zagórskio kūrinius, išspausdintos pirmajame žurnalo Środy Literackie numeryje (1935. Apskritai žagarų kūryba buvo gerai žinoma Vilniaus rusų literatams, tačiau ne visai priimtina tiek dėl avangardistinės for­mos, tiek dėl kairuoliško turinio. Kita vertus, žagarai domėjosi rusų poezija nuo Puškino ir Lermontovo iki Achmatovos, Gumiliovo ir Jesenino, tačiau didesnio dėmesio Vilniaus rusų poetų k

  3. Ateities įžvalgos kaip e. valdžios plėtros strateginio planavimo sudedamoji dalis: siūlomas įžvalgų tyrimo proceso modelis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rokas Grincevičius

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Tikslas – įvertinti įžvalgų poveikį e. valdžios strateginio planavimo procesui, atliekant šią temą nagrinėjančios literatūros bei skirtingų įžvalgų projektų metodikų analizę ir, sintezavus analizės rezultatus, parengti e. valdžios įžvalgų proceso modelį. Metodologija – tyrime taikyti metodai: literatūros apžvalga bei sisteminės analizės metodas. Rezultatai – išnagrinėtas įžvalgų poveikis e. valdžios plėtros procesams, nagrinėjant jį įvairių strateginio planavimo, politinių sprendimų priėmimo dimensijų kontekste, atlikta skirtingų įžvalgų metodikų analizė, remiantis ja, parengtas e. valdžios ateities įžvalgų tyrimo proceso modelis. Tyrimo ribotumas – nepaisant to, kad egzistuoja nemažai bandymų analizuoti e. valdžios strateginį planavimą ir ateities įžvalgas kaip du atskirus fenomenus, tvirtos teorijos, kompleksiškai apimančios abu reiškinius ir atskleidžiančios galimas jų sąveikos ribas, nėra, taigi nėra ir aiškios tyrimo metodologijos. Todėl egzistuoja tam tikra tikimybė, kad, nagrinėjant skirtingas įžvalgų metodikas, galėjo būti parinkti ne visi kintamieji, būtini tiksliam įžvalgų proceso įvertinimui. Praktinė reikšmė – tyrimo rezultatai gali būti taikomi kaip pagrindas organizuojamam įžvalgų proceso projektavimui, jau atlikto tyrimo proceso vertinimui ar siekiant geriau suprasti įžvalgų procesą sudarančius elementus bei jų tarpusavio ryšius. Vertingumas – nepaisant to, kad pasaulinėje prognozavimo praktikoje jau ne pirmus metus egzistuoja priemonės, leidžiančios tinkamai įvertinti ir padėti pasiruošti įvairaus pobūdžio ilgalaikiams iššūkiams, Lietuvoje bei daugelyje kitų Rytų Europos šalių planavimo procesas vis dar vyksta centralizuoto, penkmečiu paremto, planavimo tradicijomis. Dėl šios priežasties buvusio socialistinio bloko valstybės nuo kitų regionų atsilieka e. valdžios ir kitos tematikos ateities

  4. Network analysis of pig movements: Loyalty patterns and contact chains of different holding types in Denmark.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schulz, Jana; Boklund, Anette; Halasa, Tariq H B; Toft, Nils; Lentz, Hartmut H K

    2017-01-01

    Understanding animal movements is an important factor for the development of meaningful surveillance and control programs, but also for the development of disease spread models. We analysed the Danish pig movement network using static and temporal network analysis tools to provide deeper insight in the connection between holdings dealing with pigs, such as breeding and multiplier herds, production herds, slaughterhouses or traders. Pig movements, which occurred between 1st January 2006 and 31st December 2015 in Denmark, were summarized to investigate temporal trends such as the number of active holdings, the number of registered movements and the number of pigs moved. To identify holdings and holding types with potentially higher risk for introduction or spread of diseases via pig movements, we determined loyalty patterns, annual network components and contact chains for the 24 registered holding types. The total number of active holdings as well as the number of pig movements decreased during the study period while the holding sizes increased. Around 60-90% of connections between two pig holdings were present in two consecutive years and around one third of the connections persisted within the considered time period. Weaner herds showed the highest level of in-loyalty, whereas we observed an intermediate level of in-loyalty for all breeding sites and for production herds. Boar stations, production herds and trade herds showed a high level of out-loyalty. Production herds constituted the highest proportion of holdings in the largest strongly connected component. All production sites showed low levels of in-going contact chains and we observed a high level of out-going contact chain for breeding and multiplier herds. Except for livestock auctions, all transit sites also showed low levels of out-going contact chains. Our results reflect the pyramidal structure of the underlying network. Based on the considered disease, the time frame for the calculation of network

  5. Network analysis of pig movements: Loyalty patterns and contact chains of different holding types in Denmark.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jana Schulz

    Full Text Available Understanding animal movements is an important factor for the development of meaningful surveillance and control programs, but also for the development of disease spread models. We analysed the Danish pig movement network using static and temporal network analysis tools to provide deeper insight in the connection between holdings dealing with pigs, such as breeding and multiplier herds, production herds, slaughterhouses or traders. Pig movements, which occurred between 1st January 2006 and 31st December 2015 in Denmark, were summarized to investigate temporal trends such as the number of active holdings, the number of registered movements and the number of pigs moved. To identify holdings and holding types with potentially higher risk for introduction or spread of diseases via pig movements, we determined loyalty patterns, annual network components and contact chains for the 24 registered holding types. The total number of active holdings as well as the number of pig movements decreased during the study period while the holding sizes increased. Around 60-90% of connections between two pig holdings were present in two consecutive years and around one third of the connections persisted within the considered time period. Weaner herds showed the highest level of in-loyalty, whereas we observed an intermediate level of in-loyalty for all breeding sites and for production herds. Boar stations, production herds and trade herds showed a high level of out-loyalty. Production herds constituted the highest proportion of holdings in the largest strongly connected component. All production sites showed low levels of in-going contact chains and we observed a high level of out-going contact chain for breeding and multiplier herds. Except for livestock auctions, all transit sites also showed low levels of out-going contact chains. Our results reflect the pyramidal structure of the underlying network. Based on the considered disease, the time frame for the

  6. Cooperation for Interference Management: A GDoF Perspective

    KAUST Repository

    Gherekhloo, Soheil

    2016-10-13

    The impact of cooperation on interference management is investigated by studying an elemental wireless network, the so-called symmetric interference relay channel (IRC), from a generalized degrees of freedom (GDoF) perspective. This is motivated by the fact that the deployment of relays is considered as a remedy to overcome the bottleneck of current systems in terms of achievable rates. The focus of this paper is on the regime in which the interference link is weaker than the source-relay link in the IRC. Our approach toward studying the GDoF goes through the capacity analysis of the linear deterministic IRC (LD-IRC). New upper bounds on the sum capacity of the LD-IRC based on genie-aided approaches are established. These upper bounds together with some existing upper bounds are achieved by using four novel transmission schemes. Extending the upper bounds and the transmission schemes to the Gaussian case, the GDoF of the Gaussian IRC is characterized for the aforementioned regime. This completes the GDoF results available in the literature for the symmetric GDoF. It turns out that even if the incoming and outgoing links of the relay are both weaker than the desired channel, involving a relay can increase the GDoF. Interestingly, utilizing the relay in this case can increase the slope of the GDoF from -2 [in the interference channel (IC)] to -1 or 0. This shrinks the regime where ignoring the interference by treating it as noise is optimal. Furthermore, the analysis shows that if the relay ingoing and outgoing links are sufficiently strong, the relay is able to neutralize the interference completely. In this case, the bottleneck of the transmission will be the interference links, and hence, the GDoF increases if the interference link gets stronger. It is shown that in the strong interference regime, in contrast to the IC, the GDoF can be a monotonically decreasing function of the interference level. © 1963-2012 IEEE.

  7. Harm reduction and law enforcement in Vietnam: influences on street policing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jardine Melissa

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background and rationale The HIV epidemic in Vietnam has from its start been concentrated among injecting drug users. Vietnam instituted the 2006 HIV/AIDS Law which includes comprehensive harm reduction measures, but these are unevenly accepted and inadequately implemented. Ward police are a major determinant of risk for IDUs, required to participate in drug control practices (especially meeting quotas for detention centres which impede support for harm reduction. We studied influences on ward level police regarding harm reduction in Hanoi to learn how to better target education and structural change. Methods After document review, we interviewed informants from government, NGOs, INGOs, multilateral agencies, and police, using semi-structured guides. Topics covered included perceptions of harm reduction and the police role in drug law enforcement, and harm reduction training and advocacy among police. Results Police perceive conflicting responsibilities, but overwhelmingly see their responsibility as enforcing drug laws, identifying and knowing drug users, and selecting those for compulsory detention. Harm reduction training was very patchy, ward police not being seen as important to it; and understanding of harm reduction was limited, tending to reflect drug control priorities. Justification for methadone was as much crime prevention as HIV prevention. Competing pressures on ward police create much anxiety, with performance measures based around drug control; recourse to detention resolves competing pressures more safely. There is much recognition of the importance of discretion, and much use of it to maintain good social order. Policy dissemination approaches within the law enforcement sector were inconsistent, with little communication about harm reduction programs or approaches, and an unfounded assumption that training at senior levels would naturally reach to the street. Discussion Ward police have not been systematically included

  8. eHealth in Modern Patient-Caregiver Communication: High Rate of Acceptance Among Physicians for Additional Support of Breast Cancer Patients During Long-Term Therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirkovits, Thomas; Schinkoethe, Timo; Drewes, Caroline; Gehring, Caroline; Bauerfeind, Ingo; Harbeck, Nadia; Wuerstlein, Rachel

    2016-09-19

    individualized support in breast cancer care is a promising addition to treatment management. Such technologies have the potential to enhance adherence and compliance in therapy among cancer patients. ©Thomas Kirkovits, Timo Schinkoethe, Caroline Drewes, Caroline Gehring, Ingo Bauerfeind, Nadia Harbeck, Rachel Wuerstlein. Originally published in JMIR Cancer (http://cancer.jmir.org), 19.09.2016.

  9. Subjective sleep complaints indicate objective sleep problems in psychosomatic patients: a prospective polysomnographic study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Linden M

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Michael Linden,1,2 Marie Dietz,1 Christian Veauthier,3 Ingo Fietze3 1Research Group Psychosomatic Rehabilitation, Charité University Medicine Berlin, 2Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Rehabilitation Centre Seehof, Teltow, 3Interdisciplinary Center of Sleep Medicine, Charité University Medicine Berlin, Berlin, Germany Objective: To elucidate the relationship between subjective complaints and polysomnographical parameters in psychosomatic patients.Method: A convenience sample of patients from a psychosomatic inpatient unit were classified according to the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI as very poor sleepers (PSQI >10, n=80 and good sleepers (PSQI <6, n=19. They then underwent a polysomnography and in the morning rated their previous night’s sleep using a published protocol (Deutschen Gesellschaft für Schlafforschung und Schlafmedizin morning protocol [MP].Results: In the polysomnography, significant differences were found between very poor and good sleepers according to the PSQI with respect to sleep efficiency and time awake after sleep onset. When comparing objective PSG and subjective MP, the polysomnographical sleep onset latency was significantly positively correlated with the corresponding parameters of the MP: the subjective sleep onset latency in minutes and the subjective evaluation of sleep onset latency (very short, short, normal, long, very long were positively correlated with the sleep latency measured by polysomnography. The polysomnographical time awake after sleep onset (in minutes was positively correlated with the subjective time awake after sleep onset (in minutes, evaluation of time awake after sleep onset (seldom, normal often, and subjective restfulness. The polysomnographical total sleep time (TST was positively correlated with the subjective TST. Conversely, the polysomnographical TST was negatively correlated with the evaluation of TST (high polysomnographical TST was correlated with the subjective

  10. Harm reduction and law enforcement in Vietnam: influences on street policing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Background and rationale The HIV epidemic in Vietnam has from its start been concentrated among injecting drug users. Vietnam instituted the 2006 HIV/AIDS Law which includes comprehensive harm reduction measures, but these are unevenly accepted and inadequately implemented. Ward police are a major determinant of risk for IDUs, required to participate in drug control practices (especially meeting quotas for detention centres) which impede support for harm reduction. We studied influences on ward level police regarding harm reduction in Hanoi to learn how to better target education and structural change. Methods After document review, we interviewed informants from government, NGOs, INGOs, multilateral agencies, and police, using semi-structured guides. Topics covered included perceptions of harm reduction and the police role in drug law enforcement, and harm reduction training and advocacy among police. Results Police perceive conflicting responsibilities, but overwhelmingly see their responsibility as enforcing drug laws, identifying and knowing drug users, and selecting those for compulsory detention. Harm reduction training was very patchy, ward police not being seen as important to it; and understanding of harm reduction was limited, tending to reflect drug control priorities. Justification for methadone was as much crime prevention as HIV prevention. Competing pressures on ward police create much anxiety, with performance measures based around drug control; recourse to detention resolves competing pressures more safely. There is much recognition of the importance of discretion, and much use of it to maintain good social order. Policy dissemination approaches within the law enforcement sector were inconsistent, with little communication about harm reduction programs or approaches, and an unfounded assumption that training at senior levels would naturally reach to the street. Discussion Ward police have not been systematically included in harm reduction advocacy

  11. Mapping the isotopic signature of methane in South-Eastern Spain: complementing biogeochemical long-term research with short term observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Àgueda, Alba; Morguí, Josep Anton; Vazquez Garcia, Eusebi; Curcoll, Roger; Lowry, David; Fisher, Rebecca E.; Nisbet, Euan G.

    2016-04-01

    will be helpful in the validation of transport models. *Corresponding author: Josep Anton Morguí - josep-anton.morgui@ic3.cat "The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Community's Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) in the InGOS project under grant agreement n° 284274''

  12. Fuel cells science and engineering. Materials, processes, systems and technology. Vol. 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stolten, Detlef; Emonts, Bernd (eds.) [Forschungszentrum Juelich GmbH (DE). Inst. fuer Energieforschung (IEF), Brennstoffzellen (IEF-3)

    2012-07-01

    The first volume is divided in four parts and 22 chapters. It is structured as follows: PART I: Technology. Chapter 1: Technical Advancement of Fuel-Cell Research and Development (Dr. Bernd Emonts, Ludger Blum, Thomas Grube, Werner Lehnert, Juergen Mergel, Martin Mueller and Ralf Peters); 2: Single-Chamber Fuel Cells (Teko W. Napporn and Melanie Kuhn); 3: Technology and Applications of Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells (Barbara Bosio, Elisabetta Arato and Paolo Greppi); 4: Alkaline Fuel Cells (Erich Guelzow); 5: Micro Fuel Cells (Ulf Groos and Dietmar Gerteisen); 6: Principles and Technology of Microbial Fuel Cells (Jan B. A. Arends, Joachim Desloover, Sebastia Puig and Willy Verstraete); 7: Micro-Reactors for Fuel Processing (Gunther Kolb); 8: Regenerative Fuel Cells (Martin Mueller). PART II: Materials and Production Processes. Chapter 9: Advances in Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Development between 1995 and 2010 at Forschungszentrum Juelich GmbH, Germany (Vincent Haanappel); 10: Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Electrode Fabrication by Infiltration (Evren Gunen); 11: Sealing Technology for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (K. Scott Weil); 12: Phosphoric Acid, an Electrolyte for Fuel Cells - Temperature and Composition Dependence of Vapor Pressure and Proton Conductivity (Carsten Korte); 13: Materials and Coatings for Metallic Bipolar Plates in Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells (Heli Wang and John A. Turner); 14: Nanostructured Materials for Fuel Cells (John F. Elter); 15: Catalysis in Low-Temperature Fuel Cells - An Overview (Sabine Schimpf and Michael Bron). PART III: Analytics and Diagnostics. Chapter 16: Impedance Spectroscopy for High-Temperature Fuel Cells (Ellen Ivers-Tiffee, Andre Leonide, Helge Schichlein, Volker Sonn and Andre Weber); 17: Post-Test Characterization of Solid Oxide Fuel-Cell Stacks (Norbert H. Menzler and Peter Batfalsky); 18: In Situ Imaging at Large-Scale Facilities (Christian Toetzke, Ingo Manke and Werner Lehnert); 19: Analytics of Physical Properties of Low

  13. Intercomparison of six fast-response sensors for the eddy-covariance flux measurement of nitrous oxide over agricultural grassland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nemitz, Eiko; Famulari, Daniela; Ibrom, Andreas; Vermeulen, Alex; Hensen, Arjan; van den Bulk, Pim; Loubet, Benjamin; Laville, Patricia; Mammarella, Ivan; Haapanala, Sami; Lohila, Annalea; Laurila, Tuomas; Eva, Rabot; Laborde, Marie; Cowan, Nicholas; Anderson, Margaret; Helfter, Carole

    2015-04-01

    Nitrous oxide (N2O) is the third most important greenhouse gas and its terrestrial budget remains poorly constraint, with bottom up and top down estimates of country emissions often disagreeing by more than a factor of two. Whilst the measurements of the biosphere / atmosphere exchange of CO2 with micrometeorological methods is commonplace, emissions of CH4 and N2O are more commonly measured with enclosure techniques due to limitations in fast-response sensors with good signal-to-noise characteristics. Recent years have seen the development of a range of instruments based on optical spectroscopy. This started in the early 1990s with instruments based on lead salt lasers, which had temperamental long-term characteristics. More recent developments in quantum cascade lasers has lead to increasingly stable instruments, initially based on pulsed, later on continuous wave lasers. Within the context of the European FP7 Infrastructure Project InGOS ('Integrated non-CO2 Greenhouse gas Observing System'), we conducted an intercomparison of six fast response sensors for N2O: three more or less identical instruments based on off-axis Integrated Cavity Optical Spectrocopy (ICOS) (Los Gatos Research Inc.) and three instruments based on quantum cascade laser absorption spectrometry (Aerodyne Research Inc.): one older generation pulsed instrument (p-QCL) and two of the latest generation of compact continuous wave instruments (cw-QCL), operating at two different wavelengths. One of the ICOS instruments was operated with an inlet drier. In addition, the campaign was joined by a relaxed eddy-accumulation system linked to a FTIR spectrometer (Ecotech), a gradient system based on a home-built slower QCL (INRA Orleans) and a fast chamber system. Here we present the results of the study and a detailed examination of the various corrections and errors of the different instruments. Overall, with the exception of the older generation QCL, the average fluxes based on the different fast

  14. Antidopaminergic medication in healthy subjects provokes subjective and objective mental impairments tightly correlated with perturbation of biogenic monoamine metabolism and prolactin secretion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Veselinović T

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available Tanja Veselinović,1,2 Ingo Vernaleken,1,2 Paul Cumming,3,4 Uwe Henning,5 Lina Winkler,1,2 Peter Kaleta,1,2 Michael Paulzen,1,2 Christian Luckhaus,6 Gerhard Gründer1,2,7 1Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy, and Psychosomatics, Faculty of Medicine, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, 2Translational Brain Medicine, Jülich Aachen Research Alliance (JARA, Jülich, Germany; 3IHBI, School of Psychology and Counselling, Queensland University of Technology, 4QIMR Berghofer Institute, Brisbane, Australia; 5Neurobiochemical Research Unit, Department of Psychiatry, Heinrich Heine University, Düsseldorf, 6LWL University Hospital Bochum, Department of Psychiatry, Division of Cognitive Neuropsychiatry and Psychiatric Preventive Medicine, Ruhr University Bochum, Bochum, 7Department of Molecular Neuroimaging, Central Institute of Mental Health, Mannheim, Germany Objectives: Off-label prescription of antipsychotics to patients without psychotic symptoms has become a routine matter for many psychiatrists and also some general practitioners. Nonetheless, little is known about the possibly detrimental effects of antidopaminergic medications on general psychopathology, subjective mental state, or a possible association with physiological parameters in nonpsychotic individuals.Methods: In this randomized, single-blinded study, groups of healthy volunteers (n=18 received low doses of reserpine, aripiprazole, haloperidol, or placebo on 7 successive days. Relevant physiological parameters (plasma prolactin, concentrations of catecholamine metabolites in plasma, and 24-hour urine and each subject’s mental state (Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale, Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression, visual analogue scale, Beck Depression Inventory II were assessed at the start and end of the trial.Results: Of the three active treatments, only reserpine caused a significant increase in some plasma- and urine-catecholamine metabolites, but all three medications evoked objective

  15. Screening of COPD patients for abdominal aortic aneurysm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flessenkaemper IH

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Ingo H Flessenkaemper,1 Robert Loddenkemper,2 Stephanie Roll,3 Kathrin Enke-Melzer,1 Henrik Wurps,2 Torsten T Bauer21Department for Vascular Medicine, 2Department of Pneumology, Helios Klinikum Emil von Behring, Berlin, Germany; 3Institute for Social Medicine, Epidemiology and Health Economics, Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, GermanyPurpose: Screening for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA in “men aged over 65 years who have ever smoked” is a recommended policy. To reduce the number of screenings, it may be of value to define subgroups with a higher prevalence of AAA. Since chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD and AAA are associated with several common risk factors, this study investigates the prevalence of AAA in COPD patients.Patients and methods: Patients with COPD were identified via the hospital information system. Inclusion criteria were: COPD stage I–IV, ability to give full consent, and age >18 years; exclusion criteria were: patient too obese for an ultrasound check, previously diagnosed AAA, prior surgery for AAA, or ethical grounds such as concomitant advanced malignant or end-stage disease. The primary endpoint of the study was an aortic diameter measured by ultrasound of ≥30 mm. Defined secondary endpoints were evaluated on the basis of medical records and interviews.Results: Of the 1,180 identified COPD patients, 589 were included in this prospective study. In 22 patients (3.70%, the aortic diameter was ≥30 mm, representing an AAA prevalence of 6.72% among males aged >65 years. The risk of AAA increased with the following comorbidities/risk factors: male sex (odds ratio [OR] 2.98, coronary heart disease (OR 2.81, peripheral arterial occlusive disease (OR 2.47, hyperlipoproteinemia (OR 2.77, AAA in the family history (OR 3.95, and COPD stage I/II versus IV (OR 1.81.Conclusion: The overall AAA prevalence of 3.7% in our group of COPD patients is similar to that of the general population aged >65

  16. The impact of JNK inhibitor D-JNKI-1 in a murine model of chronic colitis induced by dextran sulfate sodium

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kersting S

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Sabine Kersting,1* Volker Behrendt,1* Jonas Kersting,1 Kirstin Reinecke,3 Christoph Hilgert,1 Ingo Stricker,2 Thomas Herdegen,3 Monika S Janot,1 Waldemar Uhl,1 Ansgar M Chromik1 1Department of General and Visceral Surgery, St Josef Hospital, Ruhr University of Bochum, Bochum, Germany; 2Department of Pathology, Ruhr University of Bochum, Bochum, Germany; 3Institute of Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology, University Hospital of Schleswig-Holstein, Kiel, Germany *The two authors Sabine Kersting and Volker Behrendt contributed equally to this work Purpose: The c-Jun N-terminal kinases (JNK are involved in the activation of T cells and the synthesis of proinflammatory cytokines. Several studies have established the relevance of the JNK pathway in inflammatory bowel diseases. The present study analyzed the therapeutic effect of D-JNKI-1, a specific JNK-inhibiting peptide, in a low-dose dextran sulfate sodium (DSS model of chronic colitis. Methods: DSS colitis was induced in female C57/BL6 mice by cyclic administration using different concentrations of DSS (1.0% and 1.5%. Mice in the intervention groups received subcutaneous administration of 1 µg/kg D-JNKI-1 on days 2, 12, and 22. They were monitored daily to assess the severity of colitis, body weight, stool consistency, and the occurrence of occult blood or gross rectal bleeding using evaluation of the disease activity index. The animals were sacrificed after 30 days, and the inflamed intestine was histologically evaluated using a crypt damage score. Immunohistochemical quantification of CD4+ and CD8+ cells was also carried out. Results: Administration of 1 µg/kg D-JNKI-1 resulted in a significant decrease in the disease activity index (P = 0.013 for 1.0% DSS; P = 0.007 for 1.5% DSS. As a mild form of colitis was induced, histological examination did not show any distinct damage to the mucosa and crypts. However, expression of CD4+ and CD8+ cells was reduced in mice treated with D-JNKI-1 (not

  17. Final fate of spherically symmetric gravitational collapse of a dust cloud in Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet gravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Maeda, Hideki

    2006-01-01

    We give a model of the higher-dimensional spherically symmetric gravitational collapse of a dust cloud including the perturbative effects of quantum gravity. The n(≥5)-dimensional action with the Gauss-Bonnet term for gravity is considered and a simple formulation of the basic equations is given for the spacetime M≅M 2 xK n-2 with a perfect fluid and a cosmological constant. This is a generalization of the Misner-Sharp formalism of the four-dimensional spherically symmetric spacetime with a perfect fluid in general relativity. The whole picture and the final fate of the gravitational collapse of a dust cloud differ greatly between the cases with n=5 and n≥6. There are two families of solutions, which we call plus-branch and the minus-branch solutions. A plus-branch solution can be attached to the outside vacuum region which is asymptotically anti-de Sitter in spite of the absence of a cosmological constant. Bounce inevitably occurs in the plus-branch solution for n≥6, and consequently singularities cannot be formed. Since there is no trapped surface in the plus-branch solution, the singularity formed in the case of n=5 must be naked. On the other hand, a minus-branch solution can be attached to the outside asymptotically flat vacuum region. We show that naked singularities are massless for n≥6, while massive naked singularities are possible for n=5. In the homogeneous collapse represented by the flat Friedmann-Robertson-Walker solution, the singularity formed is spacelike for n≥6, while it is ingoing-null for n=5. In the inhomogeneous collapse with smooth initial data, the strong cosmic censorship hypothesis holds for n≥10 and for n=9 depending on the parameters in the initial data, while a naked singularity is always formed for 5≤n≤8. These naked singularities can be globally naked when the initial surface radius of the dust cloud is fine-tuned, and then the weak cosmic censorship hypothesis is violated

  18. Atmospheric aerosol variability above the Paris Area during the 2015 heat wave - Comparison with the 2003 and 2006 heat waves

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chazette, Patrick; Totems, Julien; Shang, Xiaoxia

    2017-12-01

    The aerosol layers during the heat wave of July 2015 over Paris Area have been studied using a N2-Raman lidar with co- and cross-polarized channels. The lidar observations are examined to allow the identification of main aerosol types and their origins, in synergy with measurements of the AERONET sunphotometer network and back trajectory studies from the HYSPLIT model. The results are compatible with spaceborne observations of MODIS and CALIOP. As for previous heat waves of August 2003 and July 2006 occurring in France, the aerosol optical thickness is very large, up to 0.8 at the lidar wavelength of 355 nm (between 0.5 and 0.7 at 550 nm). However, air mass trajectories highlight that the observed aerosol layers may have multiple and diverse origins during the 2015 heat wave (North America, Northwest Africa, Southern and Northern Europe). Biomass burning, pollution and desert dust aerosols have been identified, using linear particle depolarization ratio, lidar ratio and analysis of back trajectories initiated at the altitudes and arrival times of the plumes. These layers are elevated and are shown to have little impact on surface aerosol concentrations (PM10 < 40 μg m-3 or PM2.5 < 25 μg m-3) and therefore no influence on the local air quality during the 2015 heat wave, unlike in 2003 and 2006. However, they significantly modify the radiative budget by trapping part of the solar ingoing/outgoing fluxes, which leads to a mean aerosol radiative forcing close to +50 ± 17 Wm-2 per aerosol optical thickness unit at 550 nm (AOT550) for solar zenith angles between 55 and 75°, which are available from sunphotometer measurements. This value is smaller than those of the 2003 and 2006 heat waves, which are assessed to be +95 ± 13 and +70 ± 18 Wm-2/AOT550, respectively. The differences between the heat wave of 2015 and the others are mainly due to both the nature and the diversity of aerosols, as indicated by the dispersion of the single scattering albedo distributions at

  19. Human population and activities at Simpevarp. Site description

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Miliander, Sofia; Punakivi, Mari; Kylaekorpi, Lasse; Rydgren, Bernt

    2004-12-01

    no upward trend, instead there is a slow downward trend in Simpevarp area as well as Oskarshamns kommun and Kalmar laen. Both the building statistics and the statistics concerning the number of work places indicate that the Simpevarp area is a region without growth. Most (83.6%) of the people that work within Simpevarp area (employed day-time population) are occupied within the sector electricity-, gas- and water supply, sewage and refuse disposal. This dominance is due to Oskarshamn nuclear power plant (OKG). Among the employed population living in Simpevarp area (employed night-time population), only 15.1% is working within the same sector. Consequently, there is a considerable ingoing commuting into the Simpevarp area. The net commuting is positive in the Simpevarp area, as well as in Misterhult parish and Oskarhamns kommun, meaning the ingoing commuting is larger than the outgoing. The net commuting is negative in the county as a whole. Among the people living in the Simpevarp area Mining and manufacturing is the largest type of business (24.6%). The forests are influenced by forestry; approx. one third of the forest within the regional model area is younger than 30 years. The average age of the productive forest is app 53 years. About 1/4 of the logging products are used for pulp production, and the rest as timber. Kalmar laen is the fifth largest fishing county in Sweden and it answers for more commercial fishing than the rest of the east coast altogether. Fishermen in Borgholm and Vaestervik kommun catch the main part of the fish. Simpevarp area is most likely a frequently visited area for outdoor activities, such as hunting, fishing, hiking as well as picking of wild berries and mushrooms. As the forest area is very dominating in the area, the amount of wild berries and mushrooms are probably larger per unit area than in the county and country. The hunting of moose is more extensive in Misterhult parish than in Kalmar laen. Almost twice as many (1.7 times

  20. Human population and activities at Simpevarp. Site description

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miliander, Sofia; Punakivi, Mari; Kylaekorpi, Lasse; Rydgren, Bernt [SwedPower AB, Stockholm (Sweden)

    2004-12-01

    demography statistics show no upward trend, instead there is a slow downward trend in Simpevarp area as well as Oskarshamns kommun and Kalmar laen. Both the building statistics and the statistics concerning the number of work places indicate that the Simpevarp area is a region without growth. Most (83.6%) of the people that work within Simpevarp area (employed day-time population) are occupied within the sector electricity-, gas- and water supply, sewage and refuse disposal. This dominance is due to Oskarshamn nuclear power plant (OKG). Among the employed population living in Simpevarp area (employed night-time population), only 15.1% is working within the same sector. Consequently, there is a considerable ingoing commuting into the Simpevarp area. The net commuting is positive in the Simpevarp area, as well as in Misterhult parish and Oskarhamns kommun, meaning the ingoing commuting is larger than the outgoing. The net commuting is negative in the county as a whole. Among the people living in the Simpevarp area Mining and manufacturing is the largest type of business (24.6%). The forests are influenced by forestry; approx. one third of the forest within the regional model area is younger than 30 years. The average age of the productive forest is app 53 years. About 1/4 of the logging products are used for pulp production, and the rest as timber. Kalmar laen is the fifth largest fishing county in Sweden and it answers for more commercial fishing than the rest of the east coast altogether. Fishermen in Borgholm and Vaestervik kommun catch the main part of the fish. Simpevarp area is most likely a frequently visited area for outdoor activities, such as hunting, fishing, hiking as well as picking of wild berries and mushrooms. As the forest area is very dominating in the area, the amount of wild berries and mushrooms are probably larger per unit area than in the county and country. The hunting of moose is more extensive in Misterhult parish than in Kalmar laen. Almost twice as

  1. Effect of photosynthesis on the abundance of 18O13C16O in atmospheric CO2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hofmann, Magdalena E. G.; Pons, Thijs L.; Ziegler, Martin; Lourens, Lucas J.; Röckmann, Thomas

    2016-04-01

    The abundance of the isotopologue 18O13C16O (Δ47) in atmospheric air is a promising new tracer for the atmospheric carbon cycle (Eiler and Schauble, 2004; Affek and Eiler, 2006; Affek et al., 2007). The large gross fluxes in CO2 between the atmosphere and biosphere are supposed to play a major role in controlling its abundance. Eiler and Schauble (2004) set up a box model describing the effect of air-leaf interaction on the abundance of 18O13C16O in atmospheric air. The main assumption is that the exchange between CO2 and water within the mesophyll cells will imprint a Δ47 value on the back-diffusing CO2 that reflects the leaf temperature. Additionally, kinetic effects due to CO2 diffusion into and out of the stomata are thought to play a role. We investigated the effect of photosynthesis on the residual CO2 under controlled conditions using a leaf chamber set-up to quantitatively test the model assumptions suggested by Eiler and Schauble (2004). We studied the effect of photosynthesis on the residual CO2 using two C3 and one C4 plant species: (i) sunflower (Helianthus annuus), a C3 species with a high leaf conductance for CO2 diffusion, (ii) ivy (Hedera hibernica), a C3 species with a low conductance, and (iii), maize (Zea mays), a species with the C4 photosynthetic pathway. We also investigated the effect of different light intensities (photosynthetic photon flux density of 200, 700 and 1800 μmol m2s-1), and thus, photosynthetic rate in sunflower and maize. A leaf was mounted in a cuvette with a transparent window and an adjustable light source. The air inside was thoroughly mixed, making the composition of the outgoing air equal to the air inside. A gas-mixing unit was attached at the entrance of the cuvette that mixed air with a high concentration of scrambled CO2 with a Δ47 value of 0 to 0.1‰ with CO2 free air to set the CO2 concentration of ingoing air at 500 ppm. The flow rate through the cuvette was adjusted to the photosynthetic activity of the leaf

  2. A Medical Student-Delivered Smoking Prevention Program, Education Against Tobacco, for Secondary Schools in Germany: Randomized Controlled Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brinker, Titus Josef; Owczarek, Andreas Dawid; Seeger, Werner; Groneberg, David Alexander; Brieske, Christian Martin; Jansen, Philipp; Klode, Joachim; Stoffels, Ingo; Schadendorf, Dirk; Izar, Benjamin; Fries, Fabian Norbert; Hofmann, Felix Johannes

    2017-06-06

    ]=68). Notable differences were observed between the groups for the female gender (4.2% to 9.5% for control vs 4.0% to 5.2% for intervention; NNT=24 for females vs NNT=207 for males), low educational background (7.3% to 12% for control vs 6.1% to 8.7% for intervention; NNT=30), and migrational background (students who claimed that at least one parent was not born in Germany) at the 12-month follow-up. The intervention appears to prevent smoking onset (NNT=63) but does not appear to initiate quitting. The intervention appears to prevent smoking, especially in females and students with a low educational background. ©Titus Josef Brinker, Andreas Dawid Owczarek, Werner Seeger, David Alexander Groneberg, Christian Martin Brieske, Philipp Jansen, Joachim Klode, Ingo Stoffels, Dirk Schadendorf, Benjamin Izar, Fabian Norbert Fries, Felix Johannes Hofmann. Originally published in the Journal of Medical Internet Research (http://www.jmir.org), 06.06.2017.

  3. Photoaging Mobile Apps in School-Based Melanoma Prevention: Pilot Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brinker, Titus Josef; Brieske, Christian Martin; Schaefer, Christoph Matthias; Buslaff, Fabian; Gatzka, Martina; Petri, Maximilian Philip; Sondermann, Wiebke; Schadendorf, Dirk; Stoffels, Ingo; Klode, Joachim

    2017-09-08

    (n=74, 71.8% agreement in skin types 1-2 vs n=50, 53.8% agreement in skin types 3-6) and increased use of sun protection (n=70, 68.0% agreement in skin types 1-2 vs n=52, 55.3% agreement in skin types 3-6), and also positively correlated with higher age. We present a novel way of integrating photoaging in school-based melanoma prevention that affects the students' peer group, considers the predictors of UV exposure in accordance with the theory of planned behavior, and is particularly effective in changing behavioral predictors in fair-skinned adolescents (Fitzpatrick skin types 1-2). Further research is required to evaluate the intervention's prospective effects on adolescents of various cultural backgrounds. ©Titus Josef Brinker, Christian Martin Brieske, Christoph Matthias Schaefer, Fabian Buslaff, Martina Gatzka, Maximilian Philip Petri, Wiebke Sondermann, Dirk Schadendorf, Ingo Stoffels, Joachim Klode. Originally published in the Journal of Medical Internet Research (http://www.jmir.org), 08.09.2017.

  4. Future Drag Measurements from Venus Express

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keating, Gerald; Mueller-Wodarg, Ingo; Forbes, Jeffrey M.; Yelle, Roger; Bruinsma, Sean; Withers, Paul; Lopez-Valverde, Miguel Angel; Theriot, Res. Assoc. Michael; Bougher, Stephen

    Beginning in July 2008 during the Venus Express Extended Mission, the European Space Agency will dramatically drop orbital periapsis from near 250km to near 180km above the Venus North Polar Region. This will allow orbital decay measurements of atmospheric densities to be made near the Venus North Pole by the VExADE (Venus Express Atmospheric Drag Experiment) whose team leader is Ingo Mueller-Wodarg. VExADE consists of two parts VExADE-ODA (Orbital Drag Analysis from radio tracking data) and VExADE-ACC (Accelerometer in situ atmospheric density measurements). Previous orbital decay measurements of the Venus thermosphere were obtained by Pioneer Venus from the 1970's into the 1990's and from Magellan in the 1990's. The major difference is that the Venus Express will provide measurements in the North Polar Region on the day and night sides, while the earlier measurements were obtained primarily near the equator. The periapsis will drift upwards in altitude similar to the earlier spacecraft and then be commanded down to its lower original values. This cycle in altitude will allow estimates of vertical structure and thus thermospheric temperatures in addition to atmospheric densities. The periapsis may eventually be lowered even further so that accelerometers can more accurately obtain density measurements of the polar atmosphere as a function of altitude, latitude, longitude, local solar time, pressure, Ls, solar activity, and solar wind on each pass. Bias in accelerometer measurements will be determined and corrected for by accelerometer measurements obtained above the discernable atmosphere on each pass. The second experiment, VExADE-ACC, is similar to the accelerometer experiments aboard Mars Global Surveyor, Mars Odyssey, and Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter that carried similar accelerometers in orbit around Mars. The risk involved in the orbital decay and accelerometer measurements is minimal. We have not lost any spacecraft orbiting Venus or Mars due to unexpected

  5. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    1994-01-01

    studies in social and cultural Anthropology, 1992, xiv + 322 pp., ill. - N.G. Schulte Nordholt, Ingo Wandelt, Der Weg zum Pancasila-Menschen (Die pancasila-Lehre unter dem P4-Beschlusz des Jahres 1978; Entwicklung und struktur der indonesischen staatslehre. Frankfurt am Main-Bern-New York-Paris: Peter Lang, Europäische Hochschulschriften, Reihe XXVII, Asiatische und Afrikaner Studien, 1989, 316 pp. - J.N.B. Tairas, Herman C. Kemp, Annotated bibliography of bibliographies on Indonesia. Leiden: KITLV press (Koninklijk Instituut voor taal-, land-en Volkenkunde, biographical series 17, 1990, xvii + 433 pp. - Brian Z. Tamanaha, Christopher Weeramantry, Nauru; Environmental damage under international trusteeship. Melbourne (etc.: Oxford University Press, 1992, xx+ 448 pp. - Wim F. Wertheim, Hersri Setiawan, Benedict R.O.’G. Anderson, Language and power; Exploring political cultures in Indonesia. Ithaca/London: Cornell University Press, 1930, 305 pp.

  6. Traces of evidence. Nuclear forensics and illicit trafficking

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Koch, L.

    2003-01-01

    or public threat. If needed, scientists from the concerned States will characterize the material, together with the assistance of nuclear forensics experts at the ITU, to find out the intended use, origin and smuggling route of the seized material. The investigation scheme for nuclear or radioactive material is not very different from classical forensics. Before preserving the evidence, officers take the necessary precautions to protect themselves and the public (under observation of the chain of custody required for that State). Traces (fibres, dust, DNA, fingerprints etc.) from contaminated surfaces are best collected in appropriate laboratories. Nuclear forensics provides valuable clues based on the fact that in each nuclear or radioactive material the isotopic composition of ingoing chemical elements, and differs from that in naturally occurring elements. Nuclear forensics can rely on a variety of established and recognized methods. The analytical instrumentation and procedures used in the fabrication of radioactive and nuclear materials are not only appropriate but also indispensable to obtain information of similar quality to compare with historical plant records. Tools of Analytical Techniques are the most common analytical techniques in use. They are grouped by tools related to: measuring weight and dimensions of materials, e.g. of a fuel pellet; determining the abundance of the main nuclides, e.g. enrichment of U-235; analysing the chemical composition; describing the microstructure; and assay of impurities. In order to compare with available but very specific historical data, the nuclear forensics expert sometimes requires special analyses such as the surface roughness of fuel, grain size etc. As in classical forensics and geo-cosmology, nuclear forensics employs chemical analysis as well as optical and electron microscopy. Of particular importance are mass spectrometric techniques. Some of these are also common in trace analysis of natural elements (e

  7. Successful in vitro expansion and Characterization of Human Enteric Neuronal cells- A step towards Cell based therapies for Hirschsprung’s disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Balamurugan M

    2010-01-01

    . Gwen Connell, David H. Edgar, Simon E. Kennyb. Properties of secondary and tertiary human enteric nervous system neurospheres. Journal of Pediatric Surgery 2009 44:1249–1256. 5. Petra M. Bareiss, Marco Metzger, Kai Sohn, SteVen Rupp, Julia S. Frick, Ingo B. Autenrieth, Florian Lang, Heinz Schwarz, Thomas Skutella, Lothar Just. Organotypical tissue cultures from adult murine colon as an in vitro model of intestinal mucosa. Histochem Cell Biol. 2008 129:795–804.

  8. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    1996-07-01

    . xiv + 217 pp., Lou Anne Barclay (eds -Catherine Levesque, Allison Blakely, Blacks in the Dutch world: The evolution of racial imagery in a modern society. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1993. xix + 327 pp. -Dennis J. Gayle, Frank Fonda Taylor, 'To hell with paradise': A history of the Jamaican tourist industry. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1993. ix + 239 pp. -John P. Homiak, Frank Jan van Dijk, Jahmaica: Rastafari and Jamaican society, 1930-1990. Utrecht: ISOR, 1993. 483 pp. -Peter Mason, Arthur MacGregor, Sir Hans Sloane: Collector, scientist, antiquary, founding Father of the British Museum. London: British Museum Press, 1994. -Philip Morgan, James Walvin, The life and times of Henry Clarke of Jamaica, 1828-1907. London: Frank Cass, 1994. xvi + 155 pp. -Werner Zips, E. Kofi Agorsah, Maroon heritage: Archaeological, ethnographic and historical perspectives. Kingston: Canoe Press, 1994. xx + 210 pp. -Michael Hoenisch, Werner Zips, Schwarze Rebellen: Afrikanisch-karibischer Freiheitskampf in Jamaica. Vienna Promedia, 1993. 301 pp. -Elizabeth McAlister, Paul Farmer, The uses of Haiti. Monroe ME: Common Courage Press, 1994. 432 pp. -Robert Lawless, James Ridgeway, The Haiti files: Decoding the crisis. Washington DC: Essential Books, 1994. 243 pp. -Bernadette Cailler, Michael Dash, Edouard Glissant. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995. xii + 202 pp. -Peter Hulme, Veronica Marie Gregg, Jean Rhys's historical imagination: Reading and writing the Creole. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1995. xi + 228 pp. -Silvia Kouwenberg, Francis Byrne ,Focus and grammatical relations in Creole languages. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 1993. xvi + 329 pp., Donald Winford (eds -John H. McWhorter, Ingo Plag, Sentential complementation in Sranan: On the formation of an English-based Creole language. Tübingen: Max Niemeyer, 1993. ix + 174 pp. -Percy C. Hintzen, Madan M. Gopal, Politics, race, and youth in Guyana. San Francisco: Mellen

  9. Application of Telemedicine Technologies to Long Term Spaceflight Support

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orlov, O. I.; Grigoriev, A. I.

    effective means lowering the risk level. The characteristics of the interplanetary flights projects make it necessary to develop a special system of telemedicine support with an accent on the onboard facilities. Space crew medical support systems must be "intellectual". The telemedicine system of the interplanetary spacecraft should be based on the extremely large data bank, it's better say "knowledge bank", i.e. it should contain the mankind medical knowledge in miniature. At the same time the system capacity is determined by the flight conditions and existing or supposed factors of the effect on the crew. It can be complemented and concretized from the Earth during the flight. Crew interaction with this system will be built on symbiotic "man-machine" combination where a man has a creative inception, adaptability, common sense and intuition, he or she is irreplaceable in situations when nonstandard decisions should be taken in conditions of time and ingoing parameters shortage. A physician's presence in the crew of the spacecraft will decrease the medical risk of the mission. It's quite natural that the effective operations of this knowledge system carried out autonomously by the crew physician or earth-based service can function only if the system is based on the artificial intelligence principles, neuro information systems with the highest degree of analytical functions and prognostical capabilities of the models. Development of telemedicine technologies will greatly change an extent and level of the interference into a crewmember organism. Interplanetary flight support telemedicine solutions present a new quality of simulation and influence systems. They're not simply a new instrument opening promising opportunities to improve flight medical support systems. They integrate information technologies with biology, physics and chemistry. It's a new interdisciplinary technological breakthrough.

  10. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Salmon

    1987-10-01

    hukum bagi rakyat di Indonesia, Ph.D thesis Airlangga University, Surabaya: Airlangga University Press, 1985, xviii + 308 pp. - J.M.C. Pragt, Volker Moeller, Javanische bronzen, Staatliche Museen Preussischer Kulturbesitz, Museum für Indische Kunst, Berlin, 1985. Bilderheft 51. 62 pp., ill. - J.J. Ras, Friedrich Seltmann, Die Kalang. Eine Volksgruppe auf Java und ihre Stamm-Myth. Ein beitrag zur kulturgeschichte Javas, Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag Wiesbaden GmbH, 1987, 430 pp. - R. Roolvink, Russell Jones, Hikayat Sultan Ibrahim ibn Adham, Berkeley: Center for South and Southeast Asia Studies, University of California, Monograph Series no. 57, 1985. ix, 332 pp. - R. Roolvink, Russell Jones, Hikayat Sultan Ibrahim, Dordrecht/Cinnaminson: Foris, KITLV, Bibliotheca Indonesica vol. 24, 1983. 75 pp. - Wim Rutgers, Harry Theirlynck, Van Maria tot Rosy: Over Antilliaanse literatuur, Antillen Working Papers 11, Caraïbische Afdeling, Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde, Leiden, 1986, 107 pp. - C. Salmon, John R. Clammer, ‘Studies in Chinese folk religion in Singapore and Malaysia’, Contributions to Southeast Asian Ethnography no. 2, Singapore, August 1983, 178 pp. - C. Salmon, Ingo Wandelt, Wihara Kencana - Zur chinesischen Heilkunde in Jakarta, unter Mitarbeit bei der Feldforschung und Texttranskription von Hwie-Ing Harsono [The Wihara Kencana and Chinese Therapeutics in Jakarta, with the cooperation of Hwie-Ing Harsono for the fieldwork and text transcriptions], Kölner ethopgraphische Studien Bd. 10, Berlin: Dietrich Reimer Verlag, 1985, 155 pp., 1 plate. - Mathieu Schoffeleers, 100 jaar fraters op de Nederlandse Antillen, Zutphen: De Walburg Pers, 1986, 191 pp. - Mathieu Schoffeleers, Jules de Palm, Kinderen van de fraters, Amsterdam: De Bezige Bij, 1986, 199 pp. - Henk Schulte Nordholt, H. von Saher, Emanuel Rodenburg, of wat er op het eiland Bali geschiedde toen de eerste Nederlanders daar in 1597 voet aan wal zetten. De Walburg Pers

  11. Ma'adim Vallis Estuarine Delta in Elysium Basin and Its Relevance as a Landing Site for Exobiology Exploration on Mars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grin, E. A.; Cabrol, N. A.

    1998-01-01

    Amazonian flooded plain and chaotic material, (b) The second region is located on the western flank of Apollinaris Patera. It is surrounded by relics of deep valleys that suggest a former downstream course of Ma'adim Vallis. The geologic setting of this region (Lucus Planum) is interpreted to be an Amazonian formation composed by the middle and lower members of the Medusae Formation., c) The third region corresponds to the convergence of the west and east branches of Ma'adirn Vallis into a deep re-entrant wide gulf that penetrates about 100 km into the highland. This topographic depression is delineated by the 1000 in elevation contour. This gulf has formed an estuarine configuration centered at 3S/190W within the Elysium Basin. This configuration has favored the formation of a estuarine sedimentary delta, because of topographically controlled lateral migration. This estuarine structure is strongly dominated by the incoming supply of Ma'adim Vallis fluvial sediment extracted from Zephiria Mensae and Lucus Planum. The obtuse-angle geometry of the estuary increases the sedimentation rate, which is higher than in the course of the channel. The sediment deposition process is governed by the estuarine water circulation. The inflowing loaded fluvial water enters the estuary as a bottom current, and mixes with the relatively less-loaded water of the receiving basin. When they mixed. the inflowing fluvial material, and the landward basin circulating water generate an accumulation of highly-diversified estuarine deposit stratification. This accumulation of material is mostly centered in the transitional zone of the delta. The sediment trapping efficiency of the estuary is function of the energy balance between the inflowing fluvial water, and the ingoing basin current. The submergence of the delta by the rising of the water-level increases the estuary water-depth, and consequently the sediment entrapment is favored. The locus of sediment accumulation moves landward in the zone of

  12. PREFACE: Introduction to the proceedings of Dynamics Days South America 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macau, Elbert E. N.; Pereira, Tiago; Prado, Antonio F. B. A.; Turci, Luiz F. R.; Winter, Othon C.

    2011-03-01

    number of attendees ever. Finally, we would like to express our gratitude to all the participants for their presentations, discussions, and remarkable interactions with one another. The tireless work undertaken by all the members of the International Advisory Committee and the Organizing Committee must also be recognized. We also wish to express our deep appreciation for the Scientific Societies and Research Support Agencies which supported the conference and provided all the resources which were necessary to make this idea of a South American Dynamics Days come true. Elbert E N Macau, Tiago Pereira, Antonio F B A Prado, Luiz F R Turci, and Othon C WinterEditors Conference photograph Conference photograph Conference photograph Conference photograph International Advisory Committee Adilson E MotterNorthwestern UniversityEvanston - IL - USA Alfredo OzorioCentro Brasileiro de Pesquisas FísicasRio de Janeiro - RJ - Brazil Celso Grebogi (Chair)University of AberdeenAberdeen - UK Ed OttUniversity of MarylandCollege Park - MD - USA Epaminondas Rosa JrIllinois State UniversityNormal - IL - USA Hans Ingo WeberPontifícia Universidade CatólicaRio de Janeiro - RJ - Brazil Holger KantzMax Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex SystemsDresden - Germany Jason Gallas (Co-chair)Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do SulPorto Alegre - RS - Brazil José Roberto Rios LeiteUniv. Federal de PernanbucoRecife - PE - Brazil Jürgen KurthsPotsdam Institute for climate Impact ResearchHumboldt University, Berlin - Germany Kenneth ShowalterWest Virginia UniversityMorgantown - WV - USA Lou PecoraNaval Research LabWashington - DC - USA Luis Antonio AguirreUniversidade Federal de Minas GeraisBelo Horizonte - MG - Brazil Marcelo VianaIMPA - Instituto Nacional de Matemática Pura e AplicadaRio de Janeiro - RJ - Brazil Miguel A F SanjuánUniversidad Rey Juan CarlosMadrid - Spain Paulo Roberto de Souza MendesPontifícia Universidade CatólicaRio de Janeiro - RJ - Brazil Roland KorbeleUniversidade de

  13. List of Participants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-01

    Heller Jagiellonian University, Krakow Samuli Hemming University of Iceland Yasuaki Hikida DESY, Hamburg Christian Hillmann Max-Planck-Institut für Gravitationsphysik, Potsdam Stephan Hoehne Max-Planck-Institut für Physik, München Gabriele Honecker CERN, Geneva Carlos Hoyos University of Wales, Swansea Mechthild Huebscher Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Madrid Matthias Ihl University of Texas at Austin Emiliano Imeroni University of Wales, Swansea Nikos Irges University of Crete Negru Iulian University of Craiova Matthias Kaminski Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, München Stefanos Katmadas Universiteit Utrecht Shoichi Kawamoto Oxford University Christoph Keller Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule, Zürich Arjan Keurentjes Vrije Universiteit, Brussel Sadi Khodaee Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences (IASBS), Zanjan, Iran Michael Kiermaier Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA Elias Kiritsis Centre de Physique Théorique, École Polytechnique, Palaiseau and University of Crete Ingo KirschEidgenössische Technische Hochschule, Zürich Johanna Knapp CERN, Geneva Paul Koerber Max-Planck-Institut für Physik, München Simon Koers Max-Planck-Institut für Physik, München Anatoly Konechny Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh Peter Koroteev Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics (ITEP), Moscow Daniel KreflLudwig-Maximilians-Universität and Max-Planck-Institut für Physik, München Chethan KrishnanUniversité Libre de Bruxelles Stanislav Kuperstein Université Libre de Bruxelles Alberto Lerda Università del Piemonte Orientale, Alessandria Roman Linares Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana, Iztapalapa, México Maria A Lledo Universidad de Valencia Dieter Luest Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität and Max-Planck-Institut für Physik, München Joseph Lykken Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab), Batavia, IL Carlo Maccaferri Vrije Universiteit, Brussel Oscar Macia Universidad de Valencia Tristan Maillard Centre de