WorldWideScience

Sample records for industry trends updated

  1. Contraception - Update and Trends

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rabe T

    2010-01-01

    receptor modulators (SPRMs are tested for ovulation suppression, morphological changes of endometrium surface inhibiting implantation, postcoital contraception and for longterm use and drug safety. Male contraception: Condoms and vasectomy are the only methods available for male contraception. The development of parenteral hormonal contraceptives for men has been stopped recently by the industry but other organizations continue the search for appropriate methods such as combinations of androgen and progestin in implants and also transdermal gels STD: Furthermore clients of contraceptive methods must be informed about the risk of sexually transmitted diseases and the way how to prevent them (e. g. safer sex methods

  2. Q4 2016/Q1 2017 Solar Industry Update

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Margolis, Robert; Feldman, David; Boff, Daniel

    2017-05-17

    This technical presentation provides an update on the major trends that occurred in the solar industry in the fourth quarter of 2016 and the first quarter of 2017. Major topics of focus include global and U.S. supply and demand, module and system price, investment trends and business models, and updates on U.S. government programs supporting the solar industry.

  3. Q3/Q4 2016 Solar Industry Update

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Feldman, David; Boff, Daniel; Margolis, Robert

    2016-12-21

    This technical presentation provides an update on the major trends that occurred in the solar industry in the Q3 and Q4 of 2016. Major topics of focus include global and U.S. supply and demand, module and system price, investment trends and business models, and updates on U.S. government programs supporting the solar industry.

  4. Q2/Q3 2016 Solar Industry Update

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Feldman, David; Boff, Daniel; Margolis, Robert

    2016-10-11

    This technical presentation provides an update on the major trends that occurred in the solar industry in the Q2 and Q3 of 2016. Major topics of focus include global and U.S. supply and demand, module and system price, investment trends and business models, and updates on U.S. government programs supporting the solar industry.

  5. TRENDS IN CROATIAN HOTEL INDUSTRY

    OpenAIRE

    Jasmina GRZINIC

    2008-01-01

    Tourism and hotel business is becoming one of the leading industries of the world. Therefore, an increased attention needs to be paid to the study of trends in tourism because they determine the trends in hotel industry. The purpose of the paper is to point out the importance of hotel industry as one of the most important elements of development in tourist economies. The paper aims at introducing the newest trends in modern hotel industry and offering a review of the recent trends of demand a...

  6. TRENDS IN CROATIAN HOTEL INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jasmina GRZINIC

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Tourism and hotel business is becoming one of the leading industries of theworld. Therefore, an increased attention needs to be paid to the study oftrends in tourism because they determine the trends in hotel industry. Thepurpose of the paper is to point out the importance of hotel industry as one ofthe most important elements of development in tourist economies. The paperaims at introducing the newest trends in modern hotel industry and offering areview of the recent trends of demand and the directions of hotel industrydevelopment. The importance of hotel industry on both micro and macro, i.e.global level is increasing. Besides a series of theoretical representations andconclusions, this paper brings some concrete data and examples frompractice in hotel management.

  7. Industry sources of trend data - skiing

    Science.gov (United States)

    William F., Jr. Malcolm

    1980-01-01

    With precious few exceptions, ski industry trend data does not exist. This paper will enumerate sources of trend data known to the author. The paper considers the probable causes of the lack of ski industry trend data and means to ameliorate the lack of trend data. Finally, the paper presents a rationale for acquiring improved ski industry trend data.

  8. CURRENT TRENDS IN HOSPITALITY INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivica Batinić

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Hospitality industry is a complex product-service economic activity which besides accommodation, food and beverages offers a variety of complementary and ancillary services in order to meet modern needs, demands and desires of tourists consumers. Contemporary needs, demands and desires of tourists consumers (increased need for security and preservation of health; emphasis on ecology and healthy food; pure nature stay; growing demand for adventure activities and excitement; convention facilities and incentive offerings; visits to towns, big sports, cultural, religious, business events; new travel motivation have led to the emergence of new trends in hospitality offering design. Wellness and spa hotels, boutique hotels, all inclusive hotels, slow-food restaurants, and wine and lounge bars are just some of the main trends, and successful hoteliers and caterers will examine each of the trends and devise development politics in accordance with the new requirements and global market needs.

  9. Irish medical device industry update.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Higgins, Sharon

    2005-12-01

    The continued growth of the Irish medical technology industry has not been accidental. The sector is proactive in its drive for excellence in all aspects of the business, from concept to commercialisation. This reports on some recent initiatives.

  10. DEVELOPMENT TREND OF ETHYLENE INDUSTRY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Song Ting

    2014-01-01

    The growth of world ethylene production and demand has been slowed down, but accelarated growth after 2015 is forecasted. Shale gas revolution has promoted the resurge of ethylene industry in North America and changed the investment pattern of world ethylene industry.Chinese ethylene industry has developed rapidly, facing not only opportunities for development but also outside pressure.The diversified pattern of Chinese ethylene industry has been formed , in which MTO has become an effective complement to the ethylene industry.While cracking raw material has become lighter and lighter worldwide, naphtha still dominates the ethylene raw material in China, leading to high cost of raw material.Aiming to reduce the cost and improve the competitiveness, this article introduces the progress of steam cracking technology for ethylene production from the aspects of low energy consumption , low cost, large capacity and long-term operation.

  11. Industrial Development Opportunity & Trend of Chinese Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang YiTao

    2001-01-01

    @@ While having a great development opportunity, CM faces a great marketing competition when entering to WTO. An important change will take place in CM technology, industry as well as overseas and domestic marketing. The domestic CM industry and marketing tend to be "internationalized” while the foreign herbal and traditional drugs tend to be "CM”. This article aims to explore the opportunity, trend and future of CM by analyzing the present status of CM technology, industry and marketing.

  12. Industrial Development Opportunity & Trend of Chinese Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang; YiTao

    2001-01-01

    While having a great development opportunity, CM faces a great marketing competition when entering to WTO. An important change will take place in CM technology, industry as well as overseas and domestic marketing. The domestic CM industry and marketing tend to be "internationalized” while the foreign herbal and traditional drugs tend to be "CM”. This article aims to explore the opportunity, trend and future of CM by analyzing the present status of CM technology, industry and marketing.  ……

  13. Observed drought and wetness trends in Europe: an update

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. Bordi

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Linear and nonlinear trends of drought and wetness are analysed in terms of the gridded Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI determined from monthly precipitation in Europe (NCEP/NCAR. In characterizing the meteorological and hydrological aspects, the index is computed on a seasonal and on a bi-annual time scale. Two datasets are compared: one from 1949 to 1997 and the other one includes the update of the last decade (to February 2009. The following results are noted: (i time series of drought and wetness area coverage (number of grid points above/below the severity threshold show a remarkable linear trend until about the end of the last century, which is reversed in the last (update decade. This recent trend reversal is an indication of a nonlinear trend, which is more pronounced on the hydrological time scale. (ii A nonlinear trend analysis is performed based on the time series of the principal component (PC associated to the first spatial SPI-eigenvector after embedding it in a time delay coordinate system using a sliding window of 70 months (singular spectrum analysis. Nonlinearity appears as a clear feature on the hydrological time scale. (iii The first spatial EOF-patterns of the shorter and the longer (updated SPI time series fields show similar structure. An inspection of the SPI time behaviour at selected grid points illustrates the spatial variability of the detected trends.

  14. Trends and Perspective in Industrial Maintenance Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Luxhoj, James T.; Thorsteinsson, Uffe; Riis, Jens Ove

    1997-01-01

    With increased global competition for manufacturing, many companies are seeking ways to gain competitative advanges with respect to cost, service, quality and on-time deliveries. The role that effective maintenance management plays in contributing to overall organizational productivity has received...... increased attention. Trends and perspective in industrial maintenance are presented. The result of benchmarking studies from Scandinavia and United States are also presented and compared. Case studies that examine maintenance methods, knowledge, organization and information systems in three Danish...

  15. Trends and Perspective in Industrial Maintenance Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Luxhoj, James T.; Thorsteinsson, Uffe; Riis, Jens Ove

    1997-01-01

    With increased global competition for manufacturing, many companies are seeking ways to gain competitative advanges with respect to cost, service, quality and on-time deliveries. The role that effective maintenance management plays in contributing to overall organizational productivity has received...... increased attention. Trends and perspective in industrial maintenance are presented. The result of benchmarking studies from Scandinavia and United States are also presented and compared. Case studies that examine maintenance methods, knowledge, organization and information systems in three Danish...

  16. Upgrading-General Trend of Textile Industrial Development in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DU Yuzhou

    2007-01-01

    @@ The leitmotif of my speech today: Industrial Upgrading - General Trend of Develoment of Chinese Textile Industry. Centering on this general trend. I will elaborate on the following four viewpoints:

  17. Rubbertown NGEM Demonstration Project - Update to Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Follow-up communication to Rubbertown industry group as part of the planning process for the Rubbertown NGEM demonstration study. These slides are for discussion purposes and will not be presented publically beyond the project team and industry group.

  18. Contemporary trends in the hotel industry development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barjaktarović Dragan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available International tourism has a leading position in the world's economy at the end of the 20th century and at the beginning of the 21st century. The number of participants in international tourism is near one billion tourists. Tourism FX income is above USD 1.260 billion, globally. More than 2/3 of total tourism turn over is provided by hospitality and restaurants business, which is the best indicator of relevance of those industries, for further development of total economic development and the tourism. Projections of different relevant world's institutions go in direction that tourism will have dynamic developing trend which will provide its' stronger position in the world's industry development. In accordance with UNWTO's estimations, number of foreign tourists will increase up to 1.8 million and FX tourist income is expected to reach USD 2.000 billion at the end of 2030. In order to meet the sophisticated requests of the modern tourists and provide an answer to contemporary market trends, hotel industry, as the base part of tourism, will respond with the new qualitative, technology based facilities and services.

  19. Industry Update: the latest developments in therapeutic delivery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinbach, Oliver C

    2013-05-01

    The present industry update covers the period 2-28 February 2013, with information sourced from company press releases, regulatory and patent agencies, as well as from scientific literature. With the US presidential inauguration in January, the inevitable 'fiscal cliff' and with the healthcare reform taking shape, there are many challenges ahead for the world's largest healthcare market. Healthcare providers are preparing for the 'accountable care organizations' paradigm shift and it has been reported that the pharmaceutical industry is low in public perception; only 'for-profit' health insurers rank lower according to a survey recently published. Although in 2012 one could still observe a decline in the overall number of drug delivery partnering deals announced, there has been a slight recovery, thus, meaning a repeat of the lows of 2011 have not been witnessed. The experts expect a reversed trend in 2013 as larger companies seek to refill pipelines with new candidates and drug-delivery solutions. There is a lot of emphasis on altered oral delivery profiles to provide patient compliance. This is indicated by the recent licensing deals, such as that between Radius Health Inc. and 3M, TissueGen and Biomedical Structures, and new financing rounds of companies, such as SKL, Catalent and BioActiva. Injectable technology, including needle-free delivery, continues to be prevalent in deals, such as those between Clearside and Kala until compelling alternatives to the delivery of biologicals are available. Alternative routes of administration, such as nasal, buccal (Kala), sublingual (Stallergenes) see growing interest; however, bioavailability and reproducible dosing will continue to be a challenge in the foreseeable future.

  20. New Development Trend of Edible Fungus Industry in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    We elaborate support system of edible fungus industry from outlook on ecological economic development, legislation and standardization of variety approval, multiple-function innovation platform of industrial development research, and perfect talent cultivation and education system. Besides, we analyze the development trend of edible fungus industry from competitive advantages, position and role in national food security, industrial development trend driven by internal demand, diversified industrial development model, division of labor within the industry, and expansion of industrial chain. Then, from the point of zoning and planning of edible fungus industry, we put forward suggestions that it should start from modern industrial system and take the industrial cluster development and optimization as guidance. In addition, we present technical innovation direction of industrial development. It is proposed to strengthen propaganda, build industrial cultural atmosphere, and expand social cognition degree of edible fungus industry to promote its redevelopment. Finally, it is expected to promote international influence of edible fungus industry through experts appealing for policy support.

  1. An updated look at the computer services industry

    OpenAIRE

    Jamie Carson

    2005-01-01

    This paper looks at the fast-growing computer services industry in Canada, with a particular focus on software developers, data processing firms, systems consultants, and Internet service providers. The growth of the industry is described using a variety of statistics. Key industry trends, developments and impacts are also described: business process outsourcing, electronic commerce and just-in-time delivery systems, for example. This analysis of computer services looks at the types of firms ...

  2. Trends in the global aluminum fabrication industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Das, Subodh; Yin, Weimin

    2007-02-01

    The aluminum fabrication industry has become more vital to the global economy as international aluminum consumption has grown steadily in the past decades. Using innovation, value, and sustainability, the aluminum industry is strengthening its position not only in traditional packaging and construction applications but also in the automotive and aerospace markets to become more competitive and to face challenges from other industries and higher industrial standards. The aluminum fabrication industry has experienced a significant geographical shift caused by rapid growth in emerging markets in countries such as Brazil, Russia, India, and China. Market growth and distribution will vary with different patterns of geography and social development; the aluminum industry must be part of the transformation and keep pace with market developments to benefit.

  3. Recent Trends in Industrial PGM Applications

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    PISKULOV M. Yu.

    2012-01-01

    Summary:Despite the Global economic downturn and stagnation in the recent years PGM generally retain their positions in industrial applications,which is explained by their innovative usage.However,the situation with different metals,in specific industries and markets is far away from being uniform.

  4. Contemporary trends in the hotel industry development

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Barjaktarovic, Dragan; Pindzo, Renata

    2016-01-01

    ... 1.260 billion, globally. More than 2/3 of total tourism turn over is provided by hospitality and restaurants business, which is the best indicator of relevance of those industries, for further development of total economic...

  5. Mask industry assessment trend analysis: 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Y. David

    2012-02-01

    Microelectronics industry leaders consistently cite the cost and cycle time of mask technology and mask supply among the top critical issues for lithography. A survey was designed by SEMATECH with input from semiconductor company mask technologists and merchant mask suppliers to objectively assess the overall conditions of the mask industry. With the continued support of the industry, this year's assessment was the tenth in the current series of annual reports. This year's survey is basically the same as the 2005 through 2011 surveys. Questions are grouped into six categories: General Business Profile Information, Data Processing, Yields and Yield Loss Mechanisms, Delivery Times, Returns, and Services. Within each category is a multitude of questions that ultimately produce a detailed profile of both the business and technical status of the critical mask industry. We received data from 11 companies this year, which was a record high since the beginning of the series. The responding companies represented more than 96% of the volume shipped and about 90% of the 2011 revenue for the photomask industry. These survey reports are often used as a baseline to gain perspective on the technical and business status of the mask and microelectronics industries. They will continue to serve as a valuable reference to identify strengths and opportunities. Results can also be used to guide future investments in critical path issues.

  6. The Mass Media: Aspen Institute Guide to Communication Industry Trends.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sterling, Christopher H.; Haight, Timothy R.

    Intended to provide a single reference source for the most significant statistics describing communication industry trends in the United States since 1900, this book is a collection and assessment of the currently available quantitative descriptive information on mass media industries. The core of the book is its more than 300 tables of data on…

  7. Trends of tourism and hospitality industry development in Russia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Volkov Sergei Konstantinovich

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes trends in the Russian tourism industry. The study analyzed the following parameters: the number of Russian tourists who went abroad, the number of foreigners visiting Russia, Russian receipts from foreign tourists. Proposed specific measures for the development of the tourism industry.

  8. Trends in the Development of China’s Aviation Industry

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    The Chinese leadership has identified the aviation industry as a strategic priority. This policy brief assesses progress in China’s aviation industry, with a focus on 2009–2010. A review of major developments in China’s civilian and military aircraft programs reveals a trend in China’s approach to advancing its aviation industry: dependence on foreign partnerships alongside investment in indigenous research and development. It remains to be seen if this hybrid techno-globalist and techno-nati...

  9. Health security preparedness and industry trends.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crooke, Stanley T

    2015-01-01

    Given the number and diversity of risks in today's complex society, it is essential to focus on global risks that can be reduced through affordable, feasible approaches. Thus, the risks that should command the greatest focus are emergent infectious diseases. Fortunately, preparing responses to such threats can be entirely agnostic as to source or intent of the threat. This article considers the emergent infectious clinical threats, characterizes the steps that are essential to take to prepare for such threats, and discusses the roles that the biomedical industry should play in both the preparation for and response to such threats. The author assesses the readiness of the industry to play its role and suggests steps to consider to enable a more robust response.

  10. What's happening in the global NDT market? An update on current trends impacting the NDT market with a special focus on the Canadian oil and gas industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jain, N. [Frost and Sullivan, Chennai (India)

    2013-09-15

    Nondestructive testing (NDT) plays a critical role in maintaining quality and guaranteeing the safety of industries by predicting or assessing the performance and service life of a structure throughout its lifecycle, from manufacturing to operation and maintenance. The ability to assess the integrity of a material, component or structure without affecting its useful life provides perfect balance between quality control and cost-effectiveness. NDT is also used for equipment life assessment or condition assessment to estimate the operational life of plant components, such as processing lines, pipes, tanks and pressure vessels, etc. Based on this information, strategic plans can be developed for extending the useful life of these components. There are more than 60 techniques for performing NDT, with newer techniques being developed at a rapid pace. However, based on the item being inspected, these techniques can be broadly classified into two categories: surface inspection and volumetric inspection. Techniques like dye penetrant testing, magnetic testing, and eddy current testing are classified under surface inspection, with radiography, ultrasonic testing, and acoustic emission classified under volumetric inspection. The traditional or conventional NDT techniques, such as magnetic particle inspection, penetrant testing, radiography and ultrasonic testing, have been around for nearly a century. However, these and the other technologies have evolved significantly since their inception, with newer advanced techniques developed over the past two decades. Amongst the most notable advancements in technology include phased array ultrasonic testing and digital radiography. In an industry where adoption of new technology is a key challenge, the success phased array and digital radiography have achieved as mainstream inspection techniques is noteworthy. (author)

  11. Market trends in the projection display industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dash, Sweta

    2001-03-01

    The projection display industry represents a multibillion- dollar market that includes four distinct technologies. High-volume consumer products and high-value business products drive the market, with different technologies being used in different application markets. The consumer market is dominated by rear CRT technology, especially in the projection TV segment. Rear LCD (liquid crystal display), MEMS/DLP (or Digital Light Processing TM) and LCOS (Liquid-crystal-on-silicon) TVs are slowly emerging as future competitors to rear CRT projectors. Front CRT projectors are also facing challenges from LCD and DLP technology for the home theater market while the business market is completely dominated by front LCD and DLP technology. Three-chip DLP projectors have replaced liquid crystal light valves in large venue applications where projectors have higher light output requirements. In recent years front LCD and LCOS projectors have been increasingly competing with 3-chip DLP projectors especially at the low end of the large venue application market. Within the next five years the projection market will experience very fast growth. Sales and presentation applications, which are the fastest growing applications in the business market, will continue to be the major driving force for the growth for front projectors, and the shift in the consumer market to digital and HDTV products will drive the rear projection market.

  12. Modern trends and challenges of development of global aluminum industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. N. Dudin

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available This article overviews complex study into modern trends and challenges of development of global aluminum industry. Dynamics, structure, and segmentation of global aluminum market are discussed in terms of systematic analysis. On this basis strategic map of the industry has been plotted and five forces of competition on global aluminum market have been determined which will influence directly on functioning and development of aluminum producing companies.

  13. Global Competitiveness of Indian Pharmaceutical Industry: Trends and Strategies

    OpenAIRE

    Pradhan, Jaya Prakash

    2006-01-01

    What are the trends in the global competitiveness of the Indian pharmaceutical industry? Where does this industry stand when compared to global peers on pharmaceutical value-added, productivity, research and development and trade performance? What are the new strategies that Indian pharmaceutical companies are adopting to become global players? These questions are addressed in this paper. It is found that strategic government policies were the main factors that transformed the status of the I...

  14. Recent developments and future trends of industrial agents

    OpenAIRE

    Leitão, Paulo; Vrba, Pavel

    2011-01-01

    The agent technology provides a new way to design and engineer control solutions based on the decentralization of control over distributed structures, addressing the current requirements for modern control systems in industrial domains. This paper presents the current situation of the development and deployment of agent technology, discussing the initiatives and the current trends faced for a wider dissemination and industrial adoption, based on the work that is being carried out by the IEEE ...

  15. Recent trends in Cuba's mining and petroleum industries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wacaster, Susan; Baker, Michael S.; Soto-Viruet, Yadira; Textoris, Steven D.

    2015-01-01

    In response to recent diplomatic developments between Cuba and the United States, the National Minerals Information Center compiled available information on the mineral industries of Cuba. This fact sheet highlights a new map and table that identify mines, mineral processing facilities, and petroleum facilities as well as information on location, operational status, and ownership. It also addresses the current status of known mineral industry projects, historical developments, and trends of the Cuban economy with an emphasis on mineral industries, and the supply and demand for Cuba’s mineral resources.

  16. Present State and Trends of the Geoinformation Industry in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hui-Feng Zhang

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The geoinformation industry is a high-tech service industry based on modern surveying and mapping technologies, remote sensing technologies and satellite navigation and positioning technologies. In China, the geoinformation industry is an emerging strategic industry that has rapidly developed; it has played an increasingly important role in the economy and society. This essay briefly introduces the present state of the international geoinformation industry. The state of the geoinformation industry enterprises in China from 2011 to 2013 is introduced. Although this industry has greatly progressed in China, problems and limitations still exist. The structure of the industry is not sustainable. The innovation capacity of Chinese enterprises is weak. Various market demands, increasing social investments, rapid progress in surveying, mapping and geoinformation technology and attention from the government are the main driving factors in this industry. Developing trends in the industry are proposed. Overall, the government will remain the main user of geoinformation applications, and enterprises will continue to merge and reorganize. Mobile geoinformation applications have broad prospects, and new business models will continue to emerge.

  17. Strategic Development Trends in the World Pharmaceutical Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dragan Kesič

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of the paper is to research and evaluate the strategicdevelopment trends in the world pharmaceutical industry in the period1996–2006.We aim to find that mergers and acquisitions prevailas a vital strategic development option in the world pharmaceutical industry.The research examines the exploratory hypothesis that the intensiveglobalization process, increased competitiveness and changedstructure of competitors, strongly influence the consolidation developmenttrends in the world pharmaceutical industry which result in anincreased number of mergers and acquisitions. The intensive consolidationof the world pharmaceutical industry is a market driven processand conditioned by several strategic issues, such as lack of brand newproducts, increased competitiveness, fast globalization process, intensiveglobal marketing and sales activities, changed structure of competitors,fight for global market shares and customers’ loyalty. There isclear evidence that the world pharmaceutical industry and market areboth becoming more oligopolistic and monopolistic.

  18. Current Trend in Furnace Technology in the Melting Industries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O.A. Ighodalo

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to presents some of the current trend in Furnace technology as it pertains to the melting industries. Furnaces are applied in various industries for material processing. Large amounts of energy are usually consumed in the melting industries. The current trend in furnace technology is towards energy conservation, enhanced efficiency and productivity. The reduction of pollutant emissions are also taken into consideration due to their environmental impact. The various materials and processes for furnaces are discussed. The various strategies being employed towards furnace energy conservation, efficiency and productivity, and reduction of pollutant emissions are also discussed. Such strategies include the use of better fuel types such as natural gas; improved insulation and refractory materials; advanced burner designs such as high velocity, regenerative and recuperative burners; new combustion technologies such as air and fuel staging, flue gas recirculation technique. Mathematical modeling is also being employed for analysis and design purpose.

  19. Offshoring trends in the manufacturing process within the automotive industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simplay, S.; Hansen, Zaza Nadja Lee

    2014-01-01

    This paper investigates offshoring trends in the automotive industry. The research approach consisted of combining empirical findings from case companies with latest research from the field. Empirical data was collected through case studies from 15 automotive organisations based in Europe...... consisting of original equipment manufacturers and engineering service providers. The findings indicated some offshoring trends in the automotive industry. Offshoring in this industry is moving from a manufacturing focus to incorporate large parts of the process, including high-level product development...... engineering activities. This development has created several challenges. These challenges arose as organisations are not considering how offshoring activities could be integrated with an increasingly global supply chain for the manufacturing of the final product. The paper contributes to manufacturing theory...

  20. Development Trends and Prospect of China Natural Gas Industry%Development Trends and Prospect of China Natural Gas Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sun Hui; Li Wei; Yanq Yi; Zhuang Tao

    2011-01-01

    China natural gas industry maintained a vigorous deveJopment trend in 2010. Either domestic natural gas production or natural gas import has witnessed a significant increase; natural gas pipelines and other infrastructure have been upgraded; natural gas consumption has kept rising, and consumption mix has been optimized increasingly; natural gas price reform has taken big step.

  1. Review. Industrial silicon wafer solar cells. Status and trends

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aberle, Armin G.; Boreland, Matthew B.; Hoex, Bram; Mueller, Thomas [National Univ. of Singapore (Singapore). Solar Energy Research Institute of Singapore (SERIS)

    2012-11-01

    Crystalline silicon solar cells dominate today's global photovoltaic (PV) market. This paper presents the status and trends of the most important industrial silicon wafer solar cells, ranging from standard p-type homojunction cells to heterojunction cells on n-type wafers. Owing to ongoing technological innovations such as improved surface passivation and the use of increasingly thinner wafers, the trend towards higher cell efficiencies and lower dollar/watt costs is expected to continue during the next 10 years, making silicon wafer based PV modules a moving target for any competing PV technology. (orig.)

  2. Computer Science in High School Graduation Requirements. ECS Education Trends (Updated)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zinth, Jennifer

    2016-01-01

    Allowing high school students to fulfill a math or science high school graduation requirement via a computer science credit may encourage more student to pursue computer science coursework. This Education Trends report is an update to the original report released in April 2015 and explores state policies that allow or require districts to apply…

  3. Trends driving the hotel industry global evolution. Case of Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Codruţa-Adina BĂLTESCU

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The tourism field is well known for the dynamic of changes over recent years. We witness the continous growth of the number of tourists, the increase of consumers demands, the development of new markets and the changes determined by information technologies implementation and adaptations and innovations supported at the level of tourism business. Being a defining component in the tourism industry, the hotel field is individualized through specific evolutions and significant adjustments in relation to the general rate of changes and development trends recorded. In this framework, through this article, the author aims to assess which are the most relevant changes recorded in the Romanian hotel industry and the degree in which this specific activity field follow the trend of changes recorded at international level.

  4. Recent trends in internal medicine education: a brief update.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flannery, Michael T

    2014-03-01

    This perspective attempts to bring graduate medical offices, residency programs and medical students interested in categorical internal medicine (CIM) a brief update on the American Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM), Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) and the National Registry for Medical Programs (NRMP) changes for the past 3-5 years in the United States (US). The US model for certification and recertification may serve as a homogenous example for other countries. This model will be described so that there is an understanding of the importance of such changes in the American system and its effect on resident education. This is critical knowledge for both teachers and learners in internal medicine in preparation for a lifetime career and requirements for certification/credentialing for both programs and their residents/fellows. Data from the review indicate a small increase in the number of applicants but a concordant decrease in ABIM initial certification exams. Programs should well be aware of the new focus on outcomes via the Next Accreditation System (NAS) being put forth by the ACGME.

  5. Cold and hot extremozymes: industrial relevance and current trends

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe eSarmiento

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The development of enzymes for industrial applications relies heavily on the use of microorganisms. The intrinsic properties of microbial enzymes e.g. consistency, reproducibility and high yields along with many others, has pushed their introduction into a wide range of products and industrial processes. Extremophilic microorganisms represent an underutilized and innovative source of novel enzymes. These microorganisms have developed unique mechanisms and molecular means to cope with extreme temperatures, acidic and basic pH, high salinity, high radiation, low water activity, and high metal concentrations among other environmental conditions.Extremophile derived enzymes, or extremozymes, are able to catalyze chemical reactions under harsh conditions, like those found in industrial processes, which were previously not thought to be conducive for enzymatic activity. Due to their optimal activity and stability under extreme conditions, extremozymes offer new catalytic alternatives for current industrial applications. These extremozymes also represent the cornerstone for the development of environmentally-friendly, efficient and sustainable industrial technologies. Many advances in industrial biocatalysis have been achieved in recent years, however, the potential of biocatalysis through the use of extremozymes is far from being fully realized. In this article, the adaptations and significance of psychrophilic, thermophilic and hyperthermophilic enzymes, and their applications in selected industrial markets will be reviewed. Also the current challenges in the development and mass-production of extremozymes as well as future prospects and trends for their biotechnological application will be discussed.

  6. Trends in Childbearing, Marriage and Divorce in Sweden: An Update with Data up to 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andersson, Gunnar

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available We present an update of the main and parity-specific trends in vital family-demographic behavior in Sweden presented in Finnish Yearbook of Population Research 2011. Based on Swedish register data, previous time series of relative risks of childbearing, marriage, and divorce by calendar year are updated with another five years of observation. We demonstrate that more than a decade of increasing fertility levels turned into moderate fertility declines in 2011. This trend reversal pertains to all main birth orders. Marriage propensities continued to increase for mothers but stagnated for the childless. Since the turn of the century, trends in divorce risks seem to have leveled off, altogether reflecting a more prevalent role of marriage in recent Swedish family dynamics.

  7. Changes and Trends in the Pallet Industry: Alternative Materials and Industry Structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robert J. Bush; Philip A. Araman

    1998-01-01

    In the first article of this three-part series we described trends in the use of new wood materials for pallets and containers. The second article described changes in pallet recovery and recycling. In this third article, we describe alternative (i.e., other than solid wood) materials used to manufacture pallets as well as changes in the structure of the industry....

  8. Boom in clinical research industry: a dangerous trend.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bajpai, Vikas; Saraya, Anoop

    2009-01-01

    Over the last decade or so India has witnessed a phenomenal growth in the clinical trial industry. The projections forecast a continuing growth of this trend. It has been predicted that by 2011 India will be in charge of 15% of global clinical trials. The enthusiasm for the growth of this industry in India is shared not just by the major pharmaceutical companies and CROs but also equally so by government agencies. The raison d'être for medical research is that it should lead to maximum possible benefit to the largest number of people. Hence, an examination of the extent to which public good is served can act as a measure for objective analysis of this exponential increase in the clinical trial industry. After all it is the health and lives of the people that are at stake. On the face of it, it would seem that all trials testing the safety and efficacy of various molecules, by their very nature work towards public welfare as they are indispensible to the development of any drug including the life-saving ones. An increasing number of clinical trials at all stages in a product's life cycle are funded by the pharmaceutical industry. It would then seem that the industry-sponsored medical research is necessarily furthering the larger objective of human wellbeing. However, the operations of the pharmaceutical industry, the nature of the processes involved and the operative motives are a bit too complex to facilitate this larger objective so simply, just as yet. This warrants a closer look at the various aspects of industry-sponsored clinical research.

  9. NEW TRENDS AND CHELLENGES IN AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY LOGISTICS OPERATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dušan Sabadka

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper lays out the main features of the global automotive industry and identifies several important trends. Logistics operations (inbound and outbound in the automotive supply chain are complex and account for large expenses and therefore are segments in the value chainwhere improvements can be made. Better coordination between inbound and outbound logistics contributes to optimising the supply chains, to reducing inventories and to responding to consumer requests. As economies grow, the competition shifts towards brand image and customisation and here the speed and reliability of logistics operations becomes a critical elements.

  10. Trends of the American coal mining industry and technology development

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Graham, M.J. [Joy Mining Machinery (USA)

    2000-03-01

    An overview is presented of the USA's coal mining industry, emphasising energy trends and driving forces. The focus of the drive for increased productivity has shifted to technology. Several pieces of high-tech mining equipment produced by Joy Mining Machinery is described. They include: the Joy 12CM27 continuous miner, the Multibolter, the Flexible Conveyor Train, Joy longwall roof supports, Joy armored face conveyors, Joy shearing machines, and Joy Network Architecture (JNA) system for underground machine control and diagnostics. 19 figs., 4 tabs.

  11. Recent trends in Cuba's mining and petroleum industries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wacaster, Susan; Baker, Michael S.; Soto-Viruet, Yadira; Textoris, Steven D.

    2015-01-01

    The Report is Temporarily UnavailableIn response to recent diplomatic developments between Cuba and the United States, the National Minerals Information Center compiled available information on the mineral industries of Cuba. This fact sheet highlights a new map and table that identify mines, mineral processing facilities, and petroleum facilities as well as information on location, operational status, and ownership. It also addresses the current status of known mineral industry projects, historical developments, and trends of the Cuban economy with an emphasis on mineral industries, and the supply and demand for Cuba’s mineral resources.In 2013, Cuba was estimated to be among the world’s top ten producers of cobalt and nickel, which are the country’s leading exports. Cuba’s current crude oil and associated natural gas production from onshore and shallow water coastal reservoirs is approximately 50,000 barrels per day of liquids and about 20,000 barrels per day oil equivalent of natural gas. In 2013, the value of mining and quarrying activities accounted for 0.6 percent of Cuba’s gross domestic product (GDP), compared with 1.4 percent in 2000. The value of production from Cuba’s industrial manufacturing sector increased by 88 percent between 1993 and 2013 whereas the sector’s share in the GDP decreased by about 3 percent during the same time period reflecting economic growth in other sectors of the economy.

  12. U.S. Lodging Industry Update – Q2 2015

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Daniel H. Lesser; Jonathan Jaeger

    2015-01-01

    A look at the U.S. Lodging Industry during Quarter 2, 2015: The U.S Lodging Industry is currently experiencing peak levels as evidenced by year-over-year growth in many of the major performance indices...

  13. Trends and developments in industrial machine vision: 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niel, Kurt; Heinzl, Christoph

    2014-03-01

    When following current advancements and implementations in the field of machine vision there seems to be no borders for future developments: Calculating power constantly increases, and new ideas are spreading and previously challenging approaches are introduced in to mass market. Within the past decades these advances have had dramatic impacts on our lives. Consumer electronics, e.g. computers or telephones, which once occupied large volumes, now fit in the palm of a hand. To note just a few examples e.g. face recognition was adopted by the consumer market, 3D capturing became cheap, due to the huge community SW-coding got easier using sophisticated development platforms. However, still there is a remaining gap between consumer and industrial applications. While the first ones have to be entertaining, the second have to be reliable. Recent studies (e.g. VDMA [1], Germany) show a moderately increasing market for machine vision in industry. Asking industry regarding their needs the main challenges for industrial machine vision are simple usage and reliability for the process, quick support, full automation, self/easy adjustment at changing process parameters, "forget it in the line". Furthermore a big challenge is to support quality control: Nowadays the operator has to accurately define the tested features for checking the probes. There is an upcoming development also to let automated machine vision applications find out essential parameters in a more abstract level (top down). In this work we focus on three current and future topics for industrial machine vision: Metrology supporting automation, quality control (inline/atline/offline) as well as visualization and analysis of datasets with steadily growing sizes. Finally the general trend of the pixel orientated towards object orientated evaluation is addressed. We do not directly address the field of robotics taking advances from machine vision. This is actually a fast changing area which is worth an own

  14. The changing structure of the electric power industry: An update

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-12-01

    The U. S. electric power industry today is on the road to restructuring a road heretofore uncharted. While parallels can be drawn from similar journeys taken by the airline industry, the telecommunications industry, and, most recently, the natural gas industry, the electric power industry has its own unique set of critical issues that must be resolved along the way. The transition will be from a structure based on a vertically integrated and regulated monopoly to one equipped to function successfully in a competitive market. The long-standing traditional structure of the electric power industry is the result of a complex web of events that have been unfolding for over 100 years. Some of these events had far-reaching and widely publicized effects. Other major events took the form of legislation. Still other events had effects that are less obvious in comparison (e.g., the appearance of technologies such as transformers and steam and gas turbines, the invention of home appliances, the man-made fission of uranium), and it is likely that their significance in the history of the industry has been obscured by the passage of time. Nevertheless, they, too, hold a place in the underpinnings of today`s electric industry structure. The purpose of this report, which is intended for both lay and technical readers, is twofold. First, it is a basic reference document that provides a comprehensive delineation of the electric power industry and its traditional structure, which has been based upon its monopoly status. Second, it describes the industry`s transition to a competitive environment by providing a descriptive analysis of the factors that have contributed to the interest in a competitive market, proposed legislative and regulatory actions, and the steps being taken by the various components of the industry to meet the challenges of adapting to and prevailing in a competitive environment.

  15. U.S. Lodging Industry Update – Q2 2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel H. Lesser

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available A look at the U.S. Lodging Industry during Quarter 2, 2015: The U.S Lodging Industry is currently experiencing peak levels as evidenced by year-over-year growth in many of the major performance indices. After the economic downturn in 2008/2009 when the industry experienced substantial decreases in overall performance and valuation, U.S Hotels have rebounded with many surpassing prior peaks.

  16. Quick Service Restaurant Trends: How are global quick service restaurant trends changing the Icelandic quick service restaurant industry?

    OpenAIRE

    Sigurjón Arnórsson 1987

    2013-01-01

    It is relevant for quick service restaurant operations to have a clear understanding of their industries leading market trends. New brands are constantly entering the market with new concepts and trends. Most of these quick service restaurant trends originate from the US and then spread throughout the world’s leading brands. Iceland´s quick service restaurant industry was fairly undeveloped until an industry surge in the 1980´s. During this time, Iceland’s restaurant scene has been greatl...

  17. Controversies, development and trends of biofuel industry in the world

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    WenJun Zhang

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Controversies, development and trends of biofuel industry in the world were discussed in present article. First-generation biofuels, i.e., grain and land based biofuels, occupied large areas of arable lands and severely constrained food supplies, are widely disputed. They have been replaced by second-generation biofuels. The raw materials of the second-generation biofuels include plants, straw, grass and other crops and forest residues. However, the cost for production of the second-generation biofuels is higher. Therefore the development of the third-generation biofuels is undergoing. The third-generation technologies use, mainly algae, as raw material to produce bioethanol, biobutanol, biodiesel and hydrogen, and use discarded fruits to produce dimethylfuran, etc. Different countries and regions are experiencing different stages of biofuel industry. In the future the raw materials for biofuel production will be focused on various by-products, wastes, and organisms that have not direct economic benefit for human. Production technologies should be improved or invented to reduce carbon emission and environmental pollution during biofuel production and to reduce production cost.

  18. Oregon’s forest products industry and timber harvest, 2008: industry trends and impacts of the Great Recession through 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charles B. Gale; Charles E. Keegan; Erik C. Berg; Jean Daniels; Glenn A. Christensen; Colin B. Sorenson; Todd A. Morgan; Paul. Polzin

    2012-01-01

    This report traces the flow of Oregon’s 2008 timber harvest through the primary timber processing industry and provides a description of the structure, operation, and condition of Oregon’s forest products industry as a whole. It is the second in a series of reports that update the status of the industry every 5 years. Based on a census conducted in 2009 and 2010, we...

  19. STUDY OF TRENDS AND PERSPECTIVES OF INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING RESEARCH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Dastkhan

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available

    ENGLISH ABSTRACT: Industrial engineering is an engineering discipline which, because of its multi-disciplinary nature, has played an important role in the development and optimization of different systems at macro and micro levels. In this paper, the results of a research to study the position and trend of Industrial Engineering research in recent years are described. The data from a sample of 7 114 IE-related articles from international journals during the last 27 years were used for the analysis. The results showed that the development of IE in many countries has a strong correlation with their industrial and economic development. However, IE research topics are spreading in other management and engineering departments and so there is a need to redefine the discipline and its specific areas of interest. According to the prediction made using time series analysis, the most favorite fields of IE research in future will be on subjects related to information technology, intelligent systems, optimization, quality, and supply chain management.

    AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Bedryfsingenieurswese is 'n ingenieursdissipline wat vanweë die multi-dissiplinêre aard daarvan 'n belangrike rol gespeel het in die optimisering van verskillende sisteme op makroen mikrovlak. Hierdie artikel hou die resultate voor van 'n navorsingsprojek wat onderneem is om die posisie en rigting van Bedryfsingenieursnavorsing in onlangse jare te bepaal. Die data van 'n monster van 7 114 Bedryfsingenieursverwante artikels wat verskyn het in internasionale joernale oor die afgelope 27 jaar is gebruik vir die ontleding. Die resultate toon dat die groei van Bedryfsingenieurswese in verskeie lande sterk korreleer met industriële en ekonomiese ontwikkeling. Tog blyk dit dat die navorsingsonderwerpe van Bedryfsingenieurswese sprei na ander bestuurs- en ingenieursdepartemente en dus bestaan daar ‘n nodigheid om die dissipline en die spesifieke belangstellingsvelde te herdefinieer

  20. Trend analysis of UNFCCC and countermeasures of power industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, K.H.; Na, I.K.; Seo, J.H. [Korea Energy Economics Institute, Euiwang (Korea, Republic of)

    1998-06-01

    UNFCCC (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change) emerges as an important factor to bring big changes to all fields such as economy, society, culture, etc. as well as environment of the world. Esp., the Kyoto Protocol adopted on December, 1997 is expected to form new current to the world economic order by introducing brand new system such as emission rights trading system, joint carry-out, clean development apparatus, etc. This study looked into the current trend of negotiation in UNFCCC, forecast, and our countermeasure plans, and esp., analyzed the emission rights trading system, countermeasure and utilization plan of joint carry-out centered on power industry. According to this analysis, Korea should hurry up the cooperation and entry with prospective countries such as Eastern Europe, Southeast Asia, and North Korea, etc. for the positive utilization of emission rights trading system and joint carry-out and establish an integrated management system of green-house gases by building an agency that assumes full responsibility of emission rights trading system and joint carry-out since its reduction costs of green-house gases is high. 31 refs., 2 figs., 60 tabs.

  1. Selling green power in California: Product, industry, and market trends

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wiser, R.H.; Pickle, S.J.

    1998-05-01

    As one of the first US stages to open its doors to retail electric competition, California offers an important opportunity to assess the effectiveness of green power marketing as a mechanism for supporting renewable energy. This report is an interim assessment of key green power product, industry, and market trends in California. The report identifies and analyzes: the potential size of the green power market in California; the companies participating in the green power market; the green power products being offered and their prices; the impact of the green market on renewable generators and the environment; and the influence of several public policies and non-governmental programs on the market for green power. Data used in this paper have been collected, in large part, from surveys and interviews with green power marketers that took place between December 1997 and April 1998. There remain legitimate concerns over the viability of green power marketing to support significant quantities of renewable energy and provide large environmental gains, and it is far too early to assess the overall strength of customer demand for renewable energy. A critical finding of this report is that, because of the high cost of acquiring and servicing residential customers and the low utility default service price, green power marketing affords new energy service providers one of the only viable entrees to California`s residential marketplace.

  2. Industry progress report on neuro-oncology: a biotech update.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haber, Jessica S; Banu, Matei A; Ray, Ashley; Kesavabhotla, Kartik; Boockvar, John A

    2013-04-01

    With steadily rising revenue and large numbers of clinical trials utilizing novel treatment strategies, the field of neuro-oncology is at the core of the growing cancer therapy industry. In June 2012, the Weill Cornell Brain and Tumor Center hosted the first Brain Tumor Biotech Summit as a forum for fostering and encouraging collaboration between researches and investors to accelerate novel treatments for brain cancer. This event brought together neuro-oncologists, neurosurgeons, academicians, entrepreneurs, non-profits, CEOs and investors in an attempt to bring innovative treatments and concepts to the fore. Specific subjects presented at the meeting included new surgical devices and delivery techniques, targeted therapeutics, immunotherapy, and stem cell biology. The mission of the summit was to provide opportunities for researchers in neuro-oncology to directly interact with leaders from the investment community with insight into the commercial aspects of our work. Our shared goal is to shorten the time for basic science ideas to be translated into the clinical setting. The following serves as a progress report on the biotech industry in neuro-oncology, as presented at the Brain Tumor Biotech Summit.

  3. Industry contributions to aggregate workplace injury and illness rate trends: 1992-2008.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruser, John W

    2014-10-01

    Aggregate workplace injury and illness rates have generally declined over the past quarter century. Assessing which industries contributed to these declines is hampered by industry coding changes that broke time series data. Ratios were estimated to convert older incidence rate data to current industry codes and to create long industry time series from data of the BLS Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses. These data were used to assess contributions to aggregate trends from within-industry incidence rate trends and across-industry hours shifts. Hours shifts toward safer industries do not explain aggregate incidence rate declines. Rather declines resulted from within-industry declines. The top 20 contributors out of 307 industries account for 40 percent of the decline and include both goods-producing and service-providing industries. These data help focus future research on industries responsible for rate declines and factors hypothesized as contributing to declines. © Published 2014 by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  4. Present State and Trends of the Geoinformation Industry in China

    OpenAIRE

    Hui-Feng Zhang; Qing-Yun Du; Chao-Fei Qiao

    2015-01-01

    The geoinformation industry is a high-tech service industry based on modern surveying and mapping technologies, remote sensing technologies and satellite navigation and positioning technologies. In China, the geoinformation industry is an emerging strategic industry that has rapidly developed; it has played an increasingly important role in the economy and society. This essay briefly introduces the present state of the international geoinformation industry. The state of the geoinformation ind...

  5. Academia-Industry-Government Linkages in Tanzania: Trends, Challenges and Prospects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mpehongwa, Gasper

    2013-01-01

    This paper analyzed trends, challenges and prospects of academia-industry-government linkages in Tanzania. Using case study design, and documentary review to gather the required data, the study sought to answer three research questions: (1) what are the trends of academia-industry-government linkages in Tanzania?, (2) what are the challenges…

  6. An update on ozone profile trends for the period 2000 to 2016

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinbrecht, Wolfgang; Froidevaux, Lucien; Fuller, Ryan; Wang, Ray; Anderson, John; Roth, Chris; Bourassa, Adam; Degenstein, Doug; Damadeo, Robert; Zawodny, Joe; Frith, Stacey; McPeters, Richard; Bhartia, Pawan; Wild, Jeannette; Long, Craig; Davis, Sean; Rosenlof, Karen; Sofieva, Viktoria; Walker, Kaley; Rahpoe, Nabiz; Rozanov, Alexei; Weber, Mark; Laeng, Alexandra; von Clarmann, Thomas; Stiller, Gabriele; Kramarova, Natalya; Godin-Beekmann, Sophie; Leblanc, Thierry; Querel, Richard; Swart, Daan; Boyd, Ian; Hocke, Klemens; Kämpfer, Niklaus; Maillard Barras, Eliane; Moreira, Lorena; Nedoluha, Gerald; Vigouroux, Corinne; Blumenstock, Thomas; Schneider, Matthias; García, Omaira; Jones, Nicholas; Mahieu, Emmanuel; Smale, Dan; Kotkamp, Michael; Robinson, John; Petropavlovskikh, Irina; Harris, Neil; Hassler, Birgit; Hubert, Daan; Tummon, Fiona

    2017-09-01

    Ozone profile trends over the period 2000 to 2016 from several merged satellite ozone data sets and from ground-based data measured by four techniques at stations of the Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change indicate significant ozone increases in the upper stratosphere, between 35 and 48 km altitude (5 and 1 hPa). Near 2 hPa (42 km), ozone has been increasing by about 1.5 % per decade in the tropics (20° S to 20° N), and by 2 to 2.5 % per decade in the 35 to 60° latitude bands of both hemispheres. At levels below 35 km (5 hPa), 2000 to 2016 ozone trends are smaller and not statistically significant. The observed trend profiles are consistent with expectations from chemistry climate model simulations. This study confirms positive trends of upper stratospheric ozone already reported, e.g., in the WMO/UNEP Ozone Assessment 2014 or by Harris et al. (2015). Compared to those studies, three to four additional years of observations, updated and improved data sets with reduced drift, and the fact that nearly all individual data sets indicate ozone increase in the upper stratosphere, all give enhanced confidence. Uncertainties have been reduced, for example for the trend near 2 hPa in the 35 to 60° latitude bands from about ±5 % (2σ) in Harris et al. (2015) to less than ±2 % (2σ). Nevertheless, a thorough analysis of possible drifts and differences between various data sources is still required, as is a detailed attribution of the observed increases to declining ozone-depleting substances and to stratospheric cooling. Ongoing quality observations from multiple independent platforms are key for verifying that recovery of the ozone layer continues as expected.

  7. Updates on industrial production of amino acids using Corynebacterium glutamicum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wendisch, Volker F; Jorge, João M P; Pérez-García, Fernando; Sgobba, Elvira

    2016-06-01

    L-Amino acids find various applications in biotechnology. L-Glutamic acid and its salts are used as flavor enhancers. Other L-amino acids are used as food or feed additives, in parenteral nutrition or as building blocks for the chemical and pharmaceutical industries. L-amino acids are synthesized from precursors of central carbon metabolism. Based on the knowledge of the biochemical pathways microbial fermentation processes of food, feed and pharma amino acids have been developed. Production strains of Corynebacterium glutamicum, which has been used safely for more than 50 years in food biotechnology, and Escherichia coli are constantly improved using metabolic engineering approaches. Research towards new processes is ongoing. Fermentative production of L-amino acids in the million-ton-scale has shaped modern biotechnology and its markets continue to grow steadily. This review focusses on recent achievements in strain development for amino acid production including the use of CRISPRi/dCas9, genome-reduced strains, biosensors and synthetic pathways to enable utilization of alternative carbon sources.

  8. U.S. HAZELNUT MARKET TRENDS AND PERSPECTIVES FOR A MICHIGAN HAZELNUT INDUSTRY

    OpenAIRE

    Cely, Patricia

    1991-01-01

    The primary purpose of this paper was to provide potential Michigan growers with information on major trends and markets of the U.S. hazelnut industry. Another objective was to explore certain important factors. apparent challenges and possible opportunities for a potential Michigan hazelnut industry. In respect to the first goal, this paper analyzed major production and market trends for the Oregon hazelnut industry, which constitutes almost all of the U.S. hazelnut crop, and explored some i...

  9. China’s Garment Industry:Traits & Trends

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    In 2007,the in-depth development of China’s garment industry has laid solid foundation for changes of industrial structure and competition pattern.On one hand,because of the shortage of labor resource,the garment industry would take the advantage of RMB appreciation to bring in more advanced

  10. Halogenated source gases measured by FTIR at the Jungfraujoch station: updated trends and new target species

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahieu, Emmanuel; Bader, Whitney; Bovy, Benoît; Franco, Bruno; Lejeune, Bernard; Servais, Christian; Notholt, Justus; Palm, Mathias; Toon, Geoffrey C.

    2015-04-01

    The atmospheric abundances of chlorine and fluorine increased very significantly during the second half of last century, following large emissions of long-lived halogenated source gases used in numerous industrial and domestic applications. Given the phase-out schedule of ozone depleting substances adopted by the Montreal Protocol, its Amendments and Adjustments, the loading of the CFCs in the Earth's atmosphere is now slowly decreasing. In contrast, their first replacement products, the HCFCs, are still on the rise, with current rates of increase substantially larger than at the beginning of the 21st century. As potent greenhouse gases, a suite of fluorinated compounds are targeted by the Kyoto Protocol. At present, they continue to accumulate in the atmosphere (Montzka et al., 2011). Given their environmental impacts, continuous monitoring of the abundances of these gases is of primary importance. In addition to the in situ networks, remote sensing techniques operated from space, balloon or from the ground provide valuable information to assess the long-term tropospheric and lower stratospheric trends of an increasing number of halogenated source gases, as well as of the reservoirs resulting from their photolysis in the stratosphere (e.g. Mahieu et al., 2014a). In this contribution, we will present decadal time series of halogenated source gases monitored at the high altitude station of the Jungfraujoch (46.5° N, 8° E, 3580 m asl) with Fourier Transform Infared (FTIR) spectrometers, within the framework of the Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change (NDACC, see http://www.ndacc.org). Total column trends presented in previous studies for CFC-11, -12 and HCFC-22 (Zander at al., 2008), CCl4 (Rinsland et al., 2012), HCFC-142b (Mahieu et al., 2013), CF4 (Mahieu et al., 2014b) and SF6 (Zander et al., 2008) will be updated using the latest available Jungfraujoch solar observations. Investigations dealing with the definition of approaches to

  11. Changes and Trends in the Pallet Industry: Recovery and Recycling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robert J. Bush; Philip A. Araman

    1998-01-01

    In the first article of this three-part series we described trends in the use of new wood materials for pallets and containers. These trends support the belief that new pallet production in recent years has been level or perhaps slightly decreasing while the demand for pallets continues to grow. This gap has resulted, in part, from increased recovery of used pallets...

  12. Well blowout rates in California Oil and Gas District 4--Update and Trends

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jordan, Preston D.; Benson, Sally M.

    2009-10-01

    Well blowouts are one type of event in hydrocarbon exploration and production that generates health, safety, environmental and financial risk. Well blowouts are variously defined as 'uncontrolled flow of well fluids and/or formation fluids from the wellbore' or 'uncontrolled flow of reservoir fluids into the wellbore'. Theoretically this is irrespective of flux rate and so would include low fluxes, often termed 'leakage'. In practice, such low-flux events are not considered well blowouts. Rather, the term well blowout applies to higher fluxes that rise to attention more acutely, typically in the order of seconds to days after the event commences. It is not unusual for insurance claims for well blowouts to exceed US$10 million. This does not imply that all blowouts are this costly, as it is likely claims are filed only for the most catastrophic events. Still, insuring against the risk of loss of well control is the costliest in the industry. The risk of well blowouts was recently quantified from an assembled database of 102 events occurring in California Oil and Gas District 4 during the period 1991 to 2005, inclusive. This article reviews those findings, updates them to a certain extent and compares them with other well blowout risk study results. It also provides an improved perspective on some of the findings. In short, this update finds that blowout rates have remained constant from 2005 to 2008 within the limits of resolution and that the decline in blowout rates from 1991 to 2005 was likely due to improved industry practice.

  13. Research Library Trends, 1951-1980 and Beyond: An Update of Purdue's "Past and Likely Future of 58 Research Libraries."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seibert, Warren F.; And Others

    This research extends the "Purdue studies" of research library growth, presenting results that include library statistical trends during a 35-year period, 1951-1985. It serves to update Purdue's 9-report series (1965-1973) and is a validation study of Purdue's growth forecasts, 28 of which were published in 1965, then revised in 1971. The research…

  14. Trends in Industry Supervisors' Feedback on Business Communication Internships

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sapp, David Alan; Zhang, Qin

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this empirical study is to explore expectations of industry insiders and identify how student interns are performing in relation to those expectations as defined by 11 performance areas. The results of a survey of 238 industry supervisors were collected over a 5-year period in the departments of English and communication at a…

  15. Trends in Industry Supervisors' Feedback on Business Communication Internships

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sapp, David Alan; Zhang, Qin

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this empirical study is to explore expectations of industry insiders and identify how student interns are performing in relation to those expectations as defined by 11 performance areas. The results of a survey of 238 industry supervisors were collected over a 5-year period in the departments of English and communication at a…

  16. Trends in Area of Safety Communications within Industrial Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Franekova

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with the problems of safety communication in industrial networks for purpose of assurance of functional safety. It is intents on analysis of treats on industry networks and there is described recommended safety protections and their location into layer communication protocol applicable in fieldbus network, which they are used within safety critical processes control.

  17. Technology assessment of automation trends in the modular home industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phil Mitchell; Robert Russell Hurst

    2009-01-01

    This report provides an assessment of technology used in manufacturing modular homes in the United States, and that used in the German prefabricated wooden home industry. It is the first step toward identifying the research needs in automation and manufacturing methods that will facilitate mass customization in the home manufacturing industry. Within the United States...

  18. Trends in the U.S. Sheep Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Jones, Keithly G.

    2004-01-01

    The U.S. sheep industry has changed greatly since the end of World War II. Both sheep meat and wool production have seen rapid declines. So, too, have revenues and the number of sheep operations. The wool industry has suffered from increased use of synthetic fivers, which were found to be less expensive than wool and, when blended with natural fibers, more attractive to consumers. Historically, lamb meat was a byproduct of the wool industry, but wool's decline has changed that. Lamb meat prod...

  19. Development trends and market analysis of China's plastics industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIAO Zheng-Pin

    2008-01-01

    @@ China's plastics industry has witnessed the leap-forward development with the stable and sound growth of national economy,having increased its economic and technical indicators stably and greatly for consecutive ten years.

  20. Physical indicators as a basis for estimating energy efficiency developments in the Dutch industry. Update 2007

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roes, L.; Neelis, M.; Ramirez, A.

    2007-04-15

    In 2004, a method was developed for calculating energy efficiency developments in the Dutch manufacturing industry using physical indicators of production. The method and its application to calculate energy efficiency developments in the Dutch manufacturing industry for the time period 1993-2001 is described in another. The method is used as part of the yearly calculation of energy savings in the Netherlands according to the Protocol Monitoring Energy Savings performed by the Platform Monitoring Energy Savings. On request of this platform, the calculations carried out in 2004 have been updated in 2005 for the years 2002 and 2003 and were published in the 2005 update. In this report, an update is made for the years 2004 and 2005. The authors present the results of the extended calculations for the years 1995-2005. In Chapter 2 of this report, an overview is given of data sources that were used in this study. In Chapter 3, changes compared to the analysis from 2005 are discussed and the results presented. It should be emphasised that this report does not contain background information on the method applied. For information on the method see the 2004 report. Furthermore, the focus of this report is on presenting the results of the calculations. Less attention is paid to analysing, explaining and interpreting the results.

  1. Emerging trends in contract research industry in India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drabu, Sushma; Gupta, Alka; Bhadauria, Anupama

    2010-09-01

    A Contract Research Organization (CRO) is a service organization that provides support to the pharmaceutical industry and offers a wide range of "outsourced" pharmaceutical research services to aid in R&D process and is thus an essential tool for undertaking clinical trials in the present scenario when high stakes are involved in the drug discovery process. This industry also offers a safe option of investment as the industry is largely recession-proof, with a significant upscale growth. Presently India occupies a very small pie of the global market share in the Clinical Trials Industry but it is estimated to conduct nearly 5% of global clinical trials by 2012. The global CRO industry valued $18 bn in 2008 and the market is expected to grow at an annual rate of 14% between 2009 and 13. Top multinational pharmaceuticals companies are venturing into the Indian business, in collaboration with the Indian Drug Companies. According to a recent study by Mckinsey & Company, the Indian Clinical Research Industry can attract $1.5 bn of revenue from US and EU by 2010. Such an increase in outsourcing from the western countries has led the global pharma companies and Indian entrepreneurs to set up Contract Research Organizations (CROs) in India. To bring this into realization and fulfil the market demand, while simultaneously aiding in improving the country's economical standards and market position, joint and well-coordinated efforts on part of the government, industry, and working professionals are needed in terms of regulatory affairs, audits, transparency in work affairs, garnering patient confidence, and pharmacovigilance. Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Trends in the DoD Industrial Base

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-05-05

    Years • Industries tend to consolidate over time - faster in recent years¹ • Globally, Merger and Acquisition (M&A) activity reached a volume of...4.3 trillion, barely beating the record set in 2007² • 2015 M&A driven by² – Pressure to become more efficient in a slow- growth economy...Moderate Industry concentration¹ ¹As defined U.S. Department of Justice and Federal Trade Commission , Horizontal Merger Guidelines, August 19

  3. Drug discovery in pharmaceutical industry: productivity challenges and trends.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khanna, Ish

    2012-10-01

    Low productivity, rising R&D costs, dissipating proprietary products and dwindling pipelines are driving the pharmaceutical industry to unprecedented challenges and scrutiny. In this article I reflect on the current status of the pharmaceutical industry and reasons for continued low productivity. An emerging 'symbiotic model of innovation', that addresses underlying issues in drug failure and attempts to narrow gaps in current drug discovery processes, is discussed to boost productivity. The model emphasizes partnerships in innovation to deliver quality products in a cost-effective system. I also discuss diverse options to build a balanced research portfolio with higher potential for persistent delivery of drug molecules.

  4. Trend analysis of surface downward short and longwave radiation at four sites in Switzerland: Update for the 1996 - 2016 period

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nyeki, Stephan; Gröbner, Julian; Aebi, Christine; Wacker, Stefan; Vuilleumier, Laurent; Martucci, Giovanni

    2017-04-01

    We present an updated trend analysis of downward short and longwave radiation (DSR, DLR) and aerosol optical depth (AOD) at four stations of the MeteoSwiss SACRaM (Swiss Alpine Climate Radiation Monitoring) network in Switzerland. The stations cover an altitude range between 370 and 3580 meters above sea level, and include Locarno, Payerne, Davos and Jungfraujoch. In a previous study, Wacker et al. (AIP Proc., 2013) observed positive trends for 1996 - 2010 in DSR but only Locarno was significant at the 95% confidence level. DLR trends remained flat. In addition, the net cloud radiative effect was found to decrease by up to 7.5 W m-2 , implying a reduction in fractional cloud cover. While the trend in AOD at the SACRaM stations was found to be negative for 1995 - 2005 (Ruckstuhl et al., JGR, 2008), a later study for the Davos and Jungfraujoch high-alpine stations for 1995 - 2010 (Nyeki et al., JGR, 2012) found no significant trends. In the present study, we will present updated and homogenised time-series of DSR, DLR, and AOD with respect to all-sky and clear-sky conditions for 1996 - 2016. Short and longwave clear-sky models will be used to explain and quantify the causes for any observed trends.

  5. Proteomics of industrial fungi: trends and insights for biotechnology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oliveira, J.M.; Graaff, de L.H.

    2011-01-01

    Filamentous fungi are widely known for their industrial applications, namely, the production of food-processing enzymes and metabolites such as antibiotics and organic acids. In the past decade, the full genome sequencing of filamentous fungi increased the potential to predict encoded proteins enorm

  6. Evolution History and Development Trend of Industrialized Live Pig Breeding Model in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhongming; SHEN

    2013-01-01

    Tremendous achievements of live pig industry in China are closely related to the industrialization of the industry,and development trend of the latter is essential for maintaining sustained and stable development of animal husbandry.The paper,on the basis of defining the evolution of industrialized live pig breeding model,elaborated the industrialized operation models of live pig industry in China since 1978,i.e.household operation,large-scale operation,and industrialized operation.The external environment for the development of live pig industry was analyzed,such as global economic competition,development of experience economy,and stronger green consciousness of consumers.Then development trend of industrialized live pig breeding was analyzed as"expanding international market,consolidating domestic market,integrating resources of live pig industry for the integrated operation,promoting the industrialization model and breeding technology driven by live pig processing,applying animal welfare and the internet of things in live pig breeding industry".

  7. State and Trend Analysis of Industrial Plantation Development in Foreign Countries

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The paper firstly reviewed industrial plantation development in the main forestry countries worldwide, and then summarized the state and trend of the R & D of industrial plantation in foreign countries in terms of genetic improvement, breeding techniques, site evaluation techniques, density control techniques, long-term productivity maintenance techniques and diseases and pests control techniques. In the meantime, the three management models employed in industrial plantations abroad was introduced, i.e. int...

  8. Current trends in the global tourism industry: evidence from the United States

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nejdet Delener

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Tourism is one of the largest U.S. industries, serving millions of international and domestic tourists yearly. Tourists visit the U.S. to see natural wonders, cities, historic landmarks, and entertainment venues. Americans seek similar attractions as well as recreation and vacation areas. Tourism competes in the global market, so it is important to understand current trends in the U.S. travel industry. Therefore, this article offers insight into important trends and suggests strategies for policy makers involved in the travel and tourism industry.

  9. THE EMERGING TECHNOLOGICAL TRENDS IN THE TOURISM INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MANOLIU ANDREEA

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The importance of information and communications technologies for the economic development is widely recognized, given the impact that technology can have on the success, survival or failure of the economic activity of companies, especially in an environment of global competition. The information technology and connectivity are reconfiguring the tourism industry by offering travel providers and consumers the opportunities to interact in the creation of tourism products, seeking availabilities, prices, searching information about tourism destinations.!In the tourism industry, suppliers are being forced to become more competitive if they want to survive and develop in a new business environment; they have to exploit the potential of emerging technologies. Such potential is clearly demonstrated by online auctioning applications, opaque inventory rates and social commerce.

  10. Industrial applications and current trends in supercritical fluid technologies

    OpenAIRE

    Gamse Thomas

    2005-01-01

    Supercritical fluids have a great potential for wide fields of processes Although CO2 is still one of the most used supercritical gases, for special purposes propane or even fluorinated-chlorinated fluids have also been tested. The specific characteristics of supercritical fluids behaviour were analyzed such as for example the solubilities of different components and the phase equilibria between the solute and solvent. The application at industrial scale (decaffeinating of tea and coffee, hop...

  11. Industrial Large Scale Applications of Superconductivity -- Current and Future Trends

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amm, Kathleen

    2011-03-01

    Since the initial development of NbTi and Nb3Sn superconducting wires in the early 1960's, superconductivity has developed a broad range of industrial applications in research, medicine and energy. Superconductivity has been used extensively in NMR low field and high field spectrometers and MRI systems, and has been demonstrated in many power applications, including power cables, transformers, fault current limiters, and motors and generators. To date, the most commercially successful application for superconductivity has been the high field magnets required for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), with a global market well in excess of 4 billion excluding the service industry. The unique ability of superconductors to carry large currents with no losses enabled high field MRI and its unique clinical capabilities in imaging soft tissue. The rapid adoption of high field MRI with superconducting magnets was because superconductivity was a key enabler for high field magnets with their high field uniformity and image quality. With over 30 years of developing MRI systems and applications, MRI has become a robust clinical tool that is ever expanding into new and developing markets. Continued innovation in system design is continuing to address these market needs. One of the key questions that innovators in industrial superconducting magnet design must consider today is what application of superconductivity may lead to a market on the scale of MRI? What are the key considerations for where superconductivity can provide a unique solution as it did in the case of MRI? Many companies in the superconducting industry today are investigating possible technologies that may be the next large market like MRI.

  12. Updated Estimates of the Remaining Market Potential of the U.S. ESCO Industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Larsen, Peter H. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Energy Analysis and Environmental Impacts Div.; Carvallo Bodelon, Juan Pablo [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Energy Analysis and Environmental Impacts Div.; Goldman, Charles A. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Energy Analysis and Environmental Impacts Div.; Murphy, Sean [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Energy Analysis and Environmental Impacts Div.; Stuart, Elizabeth [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Energy Analysis and Environmental Impacts Div.

    2017-04-01

    The energy service company (ESCO) industry has a well-established track record of delivering energy and economic savings in the public and institutional buildings sector, primarily through the use of performance-based contracts. The ESCO industry often provides (or helps arrange) private sector financing to complete public infrastructure projects with little or no up-front cost to taxpayers. In 2014, total U.S. ESCO industry revenue was estimated at $5.3 billion. ESCOs expect total industry revenue to grow to $7.6 billion in 2017—a 13% annual growth rate from 2015-2017. Researchers at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) were asked by the U.S. Department of Energy Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) to update and expand our estimates of the remaining market potential of the U.S. ESCO industry. We define remaining market potential as the aggregate amount of project investment by ESCOs that is technically possible based on the types of projects that ESCOS have historically implemented in the institutional, commercial, and industrial sectors using ESCO estimates of current market penetration in those sectors. In this analysis, we report U.S. ESCO industry remaining market potential under two scenarios: (1) a base case and (2) a case “unfettered” by market, bureaucratic, and regulatory barriers. We find that there is significant remaining market potential for the U.S. ESCO industry under both the base and unfettered cases. For the base case, we estimate a remaining market potential of $92-$201 billion ($2016). We estimate a remaining market potential of $190-$333 billion for the unfettered case. It is important to note, however, that there is considerable uncertainty surrounding the estimates for both the base and unfettered cases.

  13. Updates

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Chinese Academy of Social Sciences released the "China Industry Competitiveness Report (2012) NO.2", Guo Chaoxian, deputy director of Industrial Organization Office of Academy of Social Sciences Institute of Industrial Economics, said that textile and garmentindustry was China's most competitive industries, product market share ranked the second in the world, while productivity was 14 times of the United States. Guo Chaoxian noted that China's textile and garment industry was the most competitive national industry, no matter in terms of international market share, trade competitiveness index, the real index of comparative advantage, all were regarded as the strongest in the world. China's textile and garment industry's market share came in the second in the world, six times of Italy, seven times of Germany and twelve times of the United States.

  14. Trends in the automotive paint industry for corrosion protection

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blandin, Nathalie; Brunat, William [PPG Industries France, 3 Z.A.E. Les Dix Muids, B.P. 89, F-59583 Marly (France); Neuhaus, Ralf [PPG Industries Lacke GmbH, Stackenbergstrasse 34, D-42329 Wuppertal (Germany); Sibille, Ettore [PPG Industries Italia, Via Serra11, I-15028 Quattordio (Italy)

    2004-07-01

    Since many years ED-paints are protecting car bodies against corrosion. Currently the automotive paint industry is faced with increasing demands of higher levels of corrosion protection and also requests to comply with new environmental regulations and economical pressures. Some key factors that contributed significantly towards the improvement of corrosion protection systems are: - New generations of lead free ED-paints; - Weldable organic thin film for corrosion protection, especially in box cavities and flange areas. The goal of this paper is to show how the various elements of the 'anti-corrosion package' interact. (authors)

  15. Trends for Electron Beam Accelerator Applications in Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Machi, Sueo

    2011-02-01

    Electron beam (EB) accelerators are major pieces of industrial equipment used for many commercial radiation processing applications. The industrial use of EB accelerators has a history of more than 50 years and is still growing in terms of both its economic scale and new applications. Major applications involve the modification of polymeric materials to create value-added products, such as heat-resistant wires, heat-shrinkable sheets, automobile tires, foamed plastics, battery separators and hydrogel wound dressing. The surface curing of coatings and printing inks is a growing application for low energy electron accelerators, resulting in an environmentally friendly and an energy-saving process. Recently there has been the acceptance of the use of EB accelerators in lieu of the radioactive isotope cobalt-60 as a source for sterilizing disposable medical products. Environmental protection by the use of EB accelerators is a new and important field of application. A commercial plant for the cleaning flue gases from a coal-burning power plant is in operation in Poland, employing high power EB accelerators. In Korea, a commercial plant uses EB to clean waste water from a dye factory.

  16. The Global Trends of the Industrial Development in Developed and Developing Countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khaustova V. Ye.

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the global trends in the industrial development both in developed and developing countries. The study is based on the data of interbranch balances for 38 countries over the period of 1996-2011. In the selected groups of countries there have been studied: the dynamics and structure of the world industrial output, share of industry, dynamics and structure of the volume of industrial exports, dynamics of export orientation of the industrial production, dynamics of capacity of the domestic market for industrial products, structure of consumption of industrial products, dynamics and structure of the GDP of high-tech industries, dynamics of the share of the GDP of high-tech industries in the world industry GDP. There have been formed the rankings of top 20 producers, exporters and importers of industrial products in the world, leading countries in terms of capacity of the domestic market for industrial products, leading countries in terms of import dependence of the domestic market for industrial products in the world, leading countries in terms of the GDP volume of high-tech industries. Based on the conducted analysis it has been proved that the development of industry in developing countries is taking place in higher, as compared with developed ones, pace. High rates of industrial development in developing countries are ensured, first of all, by increasing their domestic market capacity. At the same time maintaining a high level of activity in the international market for industrial products still allows developed countries to keep the leading positions in rankings. The most industrially developed countries among the developing ones are Korea, China and India, and those among the developed countries are Germany, Japan and the United States. A significant advantage of the developed countries is observed in the production of high-tech products. Even considering the advantage in the GDP growth of high-tech industries in the

  17. EMISSION AND TRENDS IN RECLAIMING WASTE HEAT IN INDUSTRIAL INSTALATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lech Hys

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the analysis of waste heat emission in a typical industrial installation. On the basis of the process monitoring system, periodic analyses of fumes composition, installation process manual and the conducted measurements of the heat fluxes from individual sources emitting heat on the way of natural convection from the devices’ coats and forced convection in the fumes flux were calculated. According to the authors the heat of temperature 140–155 °C and surface power density 860–970 W/m2 emitted by devices’ covers can be reclaimed in ORC techniques, Peltier’s modules and the systems realising Stirling cycle. Part of the waste heat included in fumes, which makes c.a. 76% of the total emission from the installation, should be returned to the process of fuel oxidation, what will reduce the emission by c.a. 18% and the volume of consumed fuel by c.a. 25 m3 CH4/h, according to the presented calculations.

  18. Nanoscience and nanotechnologies in food industries: opportunities and research trends

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ranjan, Shivendu; Dasgupta, Nandita; Chakraborty, Arkadyuti Roy; Melvin Samuel, S.; Ramalingam, Chidambaram; Shanker, Rishi; Kumar, Ashutosh

    2014-06-01

    Nanomaterials have gained importance in various fields of science, technology, medicine, colloid technologies, diagnostics, drug delivery, personal care applications and others due to their small size and unique physico-chemical characteristic. Apart from above mentioned area, it is also extensively being used in food sector specifically in preservation and packaging. The future applications in food can also be extended to improve the shelf life, food quality, safety, fortification and biosensors for contaminated or spoiled food or food packaging. Different types and shapes of nanomaterials are being employed depending upon the need and nature of the food. Characterisation of these nanomaterials is essential to understand the interaction with the food matrix and also with biological compartment. This review is focused on application of nanotechnology in food industries. It also gives insight on commercial products in market with usage of nanomaterials, current research and future aspects in these areas. Currently, they are being incorporated into commercial products at a faster rate than the development of knowledge and regulations to mitigate potential health and environmental impacts associated with their manufacturing, application and disposal. As nanomaterials are finding new application every day, care should be taken about their potential toxic effects.

  19. Proteomics of industrial fungi: trends and insights for biotechnology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Oliveira, José Miguel P Ferreira; de Graaff, Leo H

    2011-01-01

    Filamentous fungi are widely known for their industrial applications, namely, the production of food-processing enzymes and metabolites such as antibiotics and organic acids. In the past decade, the full genome sequencing of filamentous fungi increased the potential to predict encoded proteins enormously, namely, hydrolytic enzymes or proteins involved in the biosynthesis of metabolites of interest. The integration of genome sequence information with possible phenotypes requires, however, the knowledge of all the proteins in the cell in a system-wise manner, given by proteomics. This review summarises the progress of proteomics and its importance for the study of biotechnological processes in filamentous fungi. A major step forward in proteomics was to couple protein separation with high-resolution mass spectrometry, allowing accurate protein quantification. Despite the fact that most fungal proteomic studies have been focused on proteins from mycelial extracts, many proteins are related to processes which are compartmentalised in the fungal cell, e.g. β-lactam antibiotic production in the microbody. For the study of such processes, a targeted approach is required, e.g. by organelle proteomics. Typical workflows for sample preparation in fungal organelle proteomics are discussed, including homogenisation and sub-cellular fractionation. Finally, examples are presented of fungal organelle proteomic studies, which have enlarged the knowledge on areas of interest to biotechnology, such as protein secretion, energy production or antibiotic biosynthesis.

  20. Industrial applications and current trends in supercritical fluid technologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gamse Thomas

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Supercritical fluids have a great potential for wide fields of processes Although CO2 is still one of the most used supercritical gases, for special purposes propane or even fluorinated-chlorinated fluids have also been tested. The specific characteristics of supercritical fluids behaviour were analyzed such as for example the solubilities of different components and the phase equilibria between the solute and solvent. The application at industrial scale (decaffeinating of tea and coffee, hop extraction or removal of pesticides from rice, activity in supercritical extraction producing total extract from the raw material or different fractions by using the fractionated separation of beverages (rum, cognac, whisky, wine, beer cider, of citrus oils and of lipids (fish oils, tall oil were also discussed. The main interest is still for the extraction of natural raw materials producing food ingredients, nutraceuticals and phytopharmaceuticals but also cleaning purposes were tested such as the decontamination of soils the removal of residual solvents from pharmaceutical products, the extraction of flame retardants from electronic waste or precision degreasing and cleaning of mechanical and electronic parts. An increasing interest obviously exists for impregnation purposes based on supercritical fluids behaviour, as well as for the dying of fibres and textiles. The production of fine particles in the micron and submicron range, mainly for pharmaceutical products is another important application of supercritical fluids. Completely new products can be produced which is not possible under normal conditions. Supercritical fluid technology has always had to compete with the widespread opinion that these processes are very expensive due to very high investment costs in comparison with classical low-pressure equipment. Thus the opinion is that these processes should be restricted to high-added value products. A cost estimation for different plant sizes and

  1. China`s macro economic trends and power industry structure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Binsheng Li; Johnson, C.J.; Hagen, R.

    1994-09-01

    Since China adopted an open door policy in 1978, its economy has grown rapidly. Between 1980 and 1993, China`s real GNP growth averaged 9.4 percent per year. Economists at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences forecast that GNP will increase by 11.5 percent in 1994. During the rest of the decade, the Chinese government plans to reduce its annual GNP growth rate to 8-9 percent. During the 2001-2010 period, the economic growth rate is projected to decline to 6.5 percent per year. Table 1 compares China`s economic growth to other Asia-Pacific Economies, and includes projections to 2010. During the 1980s, China`s GDP growth rate was only second to that of South Korea. In the 1990`s, China is projected to have the highest economic growth in the Asia-Pacific region. China`s rapid economic growth is due to dramatic increases in the effective labor supply and effective capital stock. For the remainder of the 1990s, the effective labor supply should continue to increase rapidly because: (1) Chinese state enterprises are over-staffed and labor system reforms will move millions of these workers into more productive activities; (2) reforms in the wage system will provide increased incentives to work harder; (3) relaxation of migration controls from rural to urban areas will cause nominal labor in the industrial sector to accelerate; (4) differentials in personal income will increase and develop peer pressure on workers to work harder and earn more money; and (5) at China`s low personal income level, Chinese people are willing to trade leisure for more income as wages increase.

  2. Design trends and operating problems in combustion modification of industrial boilers. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Locklin, D.W.; Krause, H.H.; Putnam, A.A.; Kropp, E.L.; Reid, W.T.

    1974-04-01

    The report gives results of an air pollution emissions control study to: characterize the current field population of industrial boilers; identify trends in boiler design; and assess operating problems associated with combustion modification. Statistics were analyzed to describe the field population and recent sales trends for firetube and watertube industrial boilers in the range from 10 million to 500 million Btu/hr. Boiler capacity, design type, mode of direction, primary and secondary fuels, firing method (for coal), industrial classification, and geographic region of the boiler installation were all considered. When combustion modifications are used to control nitrogen oxide emissions from industrial boilers, practical operating problems may arise, namely: fireside corrosion and deposits on boiler tubes; and flame instability, including blow-off, flashback, combustion-driven oscillations, and combustion noise or roar. These problems were assessed and research needs were identified in relation to such combustion modifications as low-excess-air operation, staged combustion, and fluegas recirculation. (GRA)

  3. Photonics industry in China: from current status and trends to the importance of innovation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fan, Chongcheng

    2011-12-01

    Current status and trends in various sectors of photonics industry in Mainland China are reviewed, which includes optical fiber communication, optical preform, fiber and cable, photonic devices and chips, LED illumination and display, and photovoltaics. Then, from the challenges and risks they are facing, critical importance of innovation is discussed. In the evolving Innovation Economy, the core competence of a company, an industry or a country is its innovation power and the capability to grab (and manage) talented people.

  4. The Expansion of Corporate Groups in the Financial Services Industry: Trends in Financial Conglomeration in Major Industrial Countries

    OpenAIRE

    Financial Systems and Bank Examination Department

    2005-01-01

    In recent years, a growing number of financial services companies in major industrial countries have begun to make inroads into each other's sectors, spurred by changing financial needs, innovations in financial engineering, deregulation, and a variety of other trends and developments. These companies include banks, securities companies, insurers, and even consumer finance and asset management/advisory firms. Among the most significant developments is the expansion of financial conglomerates,...

  5. Updated United Nations Framework Classification for reserves and resources of extractive industries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahlbrandt, T.S.; Blaise, J.R.; Blystad, P.; Kelter, D.; Gabrielyants, G.; Heiberg, S.; Martinez, A.; Ross, J.G.; Slavov, S.; Subelj, A.; Young, E.D.

    2004-01-01

    The United Nations have studied how the oil and gas resource classification developed jointly by the SPE, the World Petroleum Congress (WPC) and the American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG) could be harmonized with the United Nations Framework Classification (UNFC) for Solid Fuel and Mineral Resources (1). The United Nations has continued to build on this and other works, with support from many relevant international organizations, with the objective of updating the UNFC to apply to the extractive industries. The result is the United Nations Framework Classification for Energy and Mineral Resources (2) that this paper will present. Reserves and resources are categorized with respect to three sets of criteria: ??? Economic and commercial viability ??? Field project status and feasibility ??? The level of geologic knowledge The field project status criteria are readily recognized as the ones highlighted in the SPE/WPC/AAPG classification system of 2000. The geologic criteria absorb the rich traditions that form the primary basis for the Russian classification system, and the ones used to delimit, in part, proved reserves. Economic and commercial criteria facilitate the use of the classification in general, and reflect the commercial considerations used to delimit proved reserves in particular. The classification system will help to develop a common understanding of reserves and resources for all the extractive industries and will assist: ??? International and national resources management to secure supplies; ??? Industries' management of business processes to achieve efficiency in exploration and production; and ??? An appropriate basis for documenting the value of reserves and resources in financial statements.

  6. Updates

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    2011 Chinese online shopping industry continues the momentum of rapid development in 2010, gradually narrowing the gap of the online shopping environment in the region, online shopping growth in some of the second and third tier provinces performed outstandingly. According to the iResearch ECPlus monitoring data,

  7. Current and Future Trends of the Automotive Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dieter Hermann Schramm

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Mobility, and especially individual physical mobility, is still an essential component of nearly all societies.The combustion engine was for more than a hundred years, and is still today, the backbone of road-based mobility. However, the guarantor for the triumphant advance of the combustion engine was by far not its technical superiority over its electrical rival at the beginning of the automobile era, but the energy density and the easy worldwide availability of fossil fuels as a means of energy storage. So, e.g. to store theenergy equivalent of one kg Gasoline, a lithium ion battery with a mass of about 180 kg would be required (Schramm, 2012, even if the higher efficiency of the electric motor vs. the combustion engine is taken into account. Actually an electric motor is much better suited as a drive source for a motor vehicle as an internal combustion engine. Only the achievable energy density along with the cost of its chemical-process based storage, the battery, still prevent its immediate breakthrough in the automotive drive technology.Nevertheless, the German Government has set the target to bring at least a million electrified motor vehicles on Germany's roads by 2020, which is already impossible to reach from today’s perspective.However, strategies are needed to achieve a sustainable transition to electric mobility. This, in addition to continued research on high-efficiency batteries which also includes the development of vehicles that offer a good compromise between coverage, costs and consumption while satisfying the mobility needs of their users.Another trend that will lead to a paradigm shift in the use of individually-powered vehicles is the automation of the task of driving up to the highly automated or even autonomous vehicle. The technical prerequisites like sensors and actuators for these new systems are already available at least for application on motorways and rural regions, e.g. in Germany. More activities

  8. Three essays on major trends in a slow clockspeed industry : the case of industrial automation

    OpenAIRE

    Tunkelo, T.

    2014-01-01

    The motivation for this research initiated from the abrupt rise and fall of minicomputers which were initially used both for industrial automation and business applications due to their significantly lower cost than their predecessors, the mainframes. Later industrial automation developed its own vertically integrated hardware and software to address the application needs of uninterrupted operations, real-time control and resilience to harsh environmental conditions. This has led to the creat...

  9. Three essays on major trends in a slow clockspeed industry : the case of industrial automation

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    The motivation for this research initiated from the abrupt rise and fall of minicomputers which were initially used both for industrial automation and business applications due to their significantly lower cost than their predecessors, the mainframes. Later industrial automation developed its own vertically integrated hardware and software to address the application needs of uninterrupted operations, real-time control and resilience to harsh environmental conditions. This has led to the creat...

  10. An industry update: what is new in the field of therapeutic delivery this month?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Elaine

    2017-01-01

    The present industry update covers the period of 1-30 November 2016, with information sourced primarily from company press releases, regulatory and patent agencies, scientific literature and various news websites. There was positive news on the clinical trials front for both EyeNovia and Glaxo SmithKline, but this month also saw Innocol release disappointing Phase IIb results for its Cogenzia product. In regulatory news, it was announced that the US FDA indicated that EyeGate may use the 510(k) De Novo Path for their device, the Ocular Bandage Gel. Also this month, Glaxo SmithKline announced that it filed a regulatory submission with the FDA for its novel triple-combination therapy product, utilizing its Ellipta(®) inhaler.

  11. Trends in the Development of China’s Aviation Industry

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    The Chinese leadership has identified the aviation industry as a strategic priority. This policy brief assesses progress in China’s aviation industry, with a focus on 2009–2010. A review of major developments in China’s civilian and military aircraft programs reveals a trend in China’s approach to advancing its aviation industry: dependence on foreign partnerships alongside investment in indigenous research and development. It remains to be seen if this hybrid techno-globalist and tec...

  12. Recent trends in functional food science and the industry in Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arai, Soichi; Morinaga, Yasushi; Yoshikawa, Toshikazu; Ichiishi, Eiichiro; Kiso, Yoshinobu; Yamazaki, Masatoshi; Morotomi, Masami; Shimizu, Makoto; Kuwata, Tamotsu; Kaminogawa, Shuichi

    2002-10-01

    International recognition of functional foods has resulted in the recent global development of this field, which originated in Japan. The national policy on functional foods, in terms of "foods for specified health use", also has been developing and has motivated the food industry to produce a variety of new food items. In Japan as well as in many other countries, academic and industrial scientists have been working in collaboration for the analysis and practical applications of functional food science. Emphasis has been placed on the study of antioxidant and anticarcinogenic food factors as well as pre- and probiotics. This review pinpoints recent trends in the science and industry in this field.

  13. Present Situation and Developing Trend on Laser Processing Industry in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Developing trend and present situation on laser processing industry in China are mainly reviewed. The market analysis on laser processing systems are given, some new and rapidly developed laser processing systems are introduced. Finally, the paper also introduces some new kinds of laser systems and equipment.

  14. Fifty-Year Trends in the Chemical Industry: What Do They Mean for Chemical Education?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tolman, Chadwick A.; Parshall, George W.

    1999-01-01

    Describes major changes that have occurred in the chemical industry over the last 50 years including trends in the development of products and processes, changes in chemical manufacturing, the globalization of business, and modifications of research laboratory practices. Discusses implications for chemistry education and predictions for future…

  15. Physical indicators as a basis for estimating energy efficiency developments in the Dutch industry. Update 2005

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Neelis, M.; Ramirez, A.; Patel, M.

    2005-07-15

    In 2004, a method was developed for calculating energy efficiency developments in the Dutch manufacturing industry using physical indicators of production. The method and its application to calculate energy efficiency developments in the Dutch manufacturing industry for the time period 1993-2001 is described in elsewhere. The method is used as part of the yearly calculation of energy savings in the Netherlands according to the Protocol Monitoring Energy Savings performed by the Platform Monitoring Energy Savings. On request of this platform, the calculations done in 2004 are updated and extended by two additional years (2002 and 2003) for which production statistics have, in the meantime, become available. In this report, we give the results of the extended calculations for the years 1993-2003. In Chapter 2 the additional data sources used are summarized and compared to the analysis done in 2004. The results are given in Chapter 3. It should be emphasised that the authors do not give any background on the method applied for which they refer to the 2004 report. Furthermore, they focus in this report on presenting the results of the calculations and only give minor attention to analysing, explaining and interpreting the results that were found.

  16. Updates

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    China's middle and low textile export situation remains grim. India's ban on cotton exports is to improve the competitiveness of the terminal textiles in the international market. In recent years, India has become the opponent of the Chinese textile exports in the international market, especially in the low-end textiles. India relies on the advantages of raw material and labor cost to continue to erode China's international market share. Though the overall technical level of the domestic textile industry and transport conditions are not as good as China, its current price advantage pose a large threat to China's low-end textile and garment exports.

  17. Di, alogue wtth Industrial Leaders -- Towards the industrial development trend in 2012

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    By Wang Ting On January lOth, 2012, "China Textile Round Table Forum 2012", hosted by China Textile Economy Research Centre and China National Textile and Apparel Council (CNTAC) News Center, sponsored by Oerlikon Textile, Chinatex Corporation and Beijing Jingmian Group, was held in the city of Beijing, with the theme of "Economic Forecast for Chinese Textile Industry in 2012"

  18. Pulmonary tuberculosis space-time clustering and spatial variation in temporal trends in Portugal, 2000-2010: an updated analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Areias, C; Briz, T; Nunes, C

    2015-11-01

    Portugal, a medium- to low-level endemic country (21·6 cases/100 000 population in 2012), has one of the highest European Union tuberculosis (TB) incidences. Although incidence is declining progressively, the country's heterogeneity in both regional endemics and their evolution suggests the importance of a better understanding of subnational epidemiology to customize TB control efforts. We aimed to update knowledge on municipality-years pulmonary TB incidence clustering, identify areas with different time trends, and show the potential of combining complementary clustering methods in control of infectious diseases. We used national surveillance municipality-level data (mainland Portugal, 2000-2010). Space-time clustering and spatial variation in temporal trends methods were applied. Space-time critical clusters identified (P < 0·001) were still the Lisbon and Oporto regions. The global incidence declined at a 5·81% mean annual percentage change, with high space-time heterogeneity and distinct time trend clusters (P < 0·001). Municipalities with incidences declining more rapidly belonged to critical areas. In particular, the Oporto trend cluster had a consistent -8·98% mean annual percentage change. Large space-time heterogeneities were identified, with critical incidences in the greater Lisbon and Oporto regions, but declining more rapidly in these regions. Oporto showed a consistent, steeper decrease and could represent a good example of local control strategy. Combining results from these approaches gives promise for prospects for infectious disease control and the design of more effective, focused interventions.

  19. Review on the Trend for Development of World's Petroleum Refining Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Shude

    2007-01-01

    This article introduces the situation related with the increasingly deteriorating crude quality,the demand for cleaner transportation fuels and clean production processes that the world's petroleum refining industry is faced with.This article also suggests that the trend for future development of global refining industry is focused on the economy of scale for the refineries and the oil processing units,the refining structure readjustment,integration of the oil refining and chemical production and formation of Oil refining bases.The oil refining industry will uninterruptedly rectify its industry allocation and processing unit configuration and strive for the reduction of production cost through technical progress and management innovations to reduce the production cost,boost the profitability and sharpen the market competitive edge.

  20. Trends and Prospects of the Textile Industry Development in the Depressed Region (Ivanovo Region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nataliya Vladimirovna Yakovenko

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Socio-economic development of the Russian economy at the present stage is uneven and depends on many factors that determine the potential for the development of regions, and in particular, the depressed regions such as the Ivanovo region. Nowadays exploitation of extractive industries capacities should be transformed into a strategy of economic growth in manufacturing industries. The article deals with the current trends in industrial development of depressed region, due to the structural changes in city-forming industry - textile industry. They are linked to the colossal raw dependence, physical and technological obsolescence of equipment, lack of competitiveness of domestic enterprises, the strong growth of dependence on imports of raw materials and finished products, the actual lack of export activity, insufficient development of civilized trade formats, abundance of forms of unfair competition. The purpose of the research is a retrospective analysis of the textile industry development in the Ivanovo region and the search for ways to overcome the adverse inertial processes at the present stage. The object of the research is the textile industry in the Ivanovo region. The subject of the research is scientific and methodological issues related to the diversification and the need to improve the sustainability of the enterprises of this economic sector. Strengthening the positions of the textile industry in accordance with the dynamics of economic development of Russia is expressed now in the directions of diversification of the textile industry. The formation of textile industrial cluster in the Ivanovo region is a mechanism for increase in use efficiency of industrial, scientific, educational potentials and one of the priorities of increasing the competitiveness of the regional economy.

  1. Industrial application trends and market perspectives for virtual reality and visual simulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Valerio Netto

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper attempts to provide an overview of current market trends in industrial applications of VR (Virtual Reality and VisSim (visual simulation for the next few years. Several market studies recently undertaken are presented and commented. A profile of some companies that are starting to work with these technologies is provided, in an attempt to motivate Brazilian companies into the use of these new technologies by describing successful example applications undertaken by foreign companies.

  2. An industry update: what is the latest news in therapeutic delivery?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simpson, Iain

    2017-07-01

    This Industry Update covers the period from 1 through 30 April 2017, and is based on information sourced from company press releases, scientific literature, patents and various news websites. Biogen expanded its portfolio of developmental drugs targeting neurological diseases by licensing a drug from Bristol-Myers Squibb which is currently under investigation for the treatment of progressive supranuclear palsy. Takeda announced a deal with NuBiyota focused on developing treatments for gastrointestinal disorders, based on the manipulation of microbes living in the gut. Novartis announced an expansion of its neuroscience collaboration with Amgen as well as licensing of a developmental compound to treat dry eye. EmulateBio announced a collaboration with the US FDA to explore and evaluate its organs-on-chip technology in toxicological testing of food products, but which has wider opportunities in drug development. In the treatment of pulmonary hypertension, Vectura announced the commercial launch of its Fox nebulizer technology to deliver a Bayer drug and Respira announced a deal in which it exclusively licensed an inhaled drug-device product to United Therapeutics. Published research suggested that the benefit of pumps over multiple injections in the treatment of diabetes maybe more due to training than technology, and a group from the University of Pennsylvania showed that electrical stimulation of the brain can improve memory function but only when applied at the right time. Alzheon published work that explains the mechanism behind its developmental Alzheimer's drug.

  3. Impact of MODIS Sensor Calibration Updates on Greenland Ice Sheet Surface Reflectance and Albedo Trends

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casey, Kimberly A.; Polashenski, Chris M.; Chen, Justin; Tedesco, Marco

    2017-01-01

    We evaluate Greenland Ice Sheet (GrIS) surface reflectance and albedo trends using the newly released Collection 6 (C6) MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) products over the period 2001-2016. We find that the correction of MODIS sensor degradation provided in the new C6 data products reduces the magnitude of the surface reflectance and albedo decline trends obtained from previous MODIS data (i.e., Collection 5, C5). Collection 5 and 6 data product analysis over GrIS is characterized by surface (i.e., wet vs. dry) and elevation (i.e., 500-2000 m, 2000 m and greater) conditions over the summer season from 1 June to 31 August. Notably, the visible-wavelength declining reflectance trends identified in several bands of MODIS C5 data from previous studies are only slightly detected at reduced magnitude in the C6 versions over the dry snow area. Declining albedo in the wet snow and ice area remains over the MODIS record in the C6 product, albeit at a lower magnitude than obtained using C5 data. Further analyses of C6 spectral reflectance trends show both reflectance increases and decreases in select bands and regions, suggesting that several competing processes are contributing to Greenland Ice Sheet albedo change. Investigators using MODIS data for other ocean, atmosphere and/or land analyses are urged to consider similar re-examinations of trends previously established using C5 data.

  4. Integration of intraoperative and model-updated images into an industry-standard neuronavigation system: initial results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaewe, Timothy J.; Fan, Xiaoyao; Ji, Songbai; Hartov, Alex; Hiemenz Holton, Leslie; Roberts, David W.; Paulsen, Keith D.; Simon, David A.

    2013-03-01

    Dartmouth and Medtronic have established an academic-industrial partnership to develop, validate, and evaluate a multimodality neurosurgical image-guidance platform for brain tumor resection surgery that is capable of updating the spatial relationships between preoperative images and the current surgical field. Previous studies have shown that brain shift compensation through a modeling framework using intraoperative ultrasound and/or visible light stereovision to update preoperative MRI appears to result in improved accuracy in navigation. However, image updates have thus far only been produced retrospective to surgery in large part because of gaps in the software integration and information flow between the co-registration and tracking, image acquisition and processing, and image warping tasks which are required during a case. This paper reports the first demonstration of integration of a deformation-based image updating process for brain shift modeling with an industry-standard image guided surgery platform. Specifically, we have completed the first and most critical data transfer operation to transmit volumetric image data generated by the Dartmouth brain shift modeling process to the Medtronic StealthStation® system. StealthStation® comparison views, which allow the surgeon to verify the correspondence of the received updated image volume relative to the preoperative MRI, are presented, along with other displays of image data such as the intraoperative 3D ultrasound used to update the model. These views and data represent the first time that externally acquired and manipulated image data has been imported into the StealthStation® system through the StealthLink® portal and visualized on the StealthStation® display.

  5. U.S. Energy Service Company (ESCO) Industry: Recent Market Trends

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stuart, Elizabeth [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Larsen, Peter H. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Carvallo, Juan Pablo [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Goldman, Charles A. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Gilligan, Donald [National Association of Energy Service Companies, Washington DC (United States)

    2016-10-01

    This study presents an analysis of the market size, growth projections and industry trends of the U.S. Energy Service Company (ESCO) industry, drawing on information provided by ESCO executives in late 2015. We define ESCOs as energy service companies for whom performance-based contracting is a core business offering. We identified forty-seven firms that met our definition of an ESCO.1 Forty-three of these companies responded to our requests for information, representing a 91% response rate.2 We also report 2014 ESCO industry revenues by market segment, region and business activity type, and for new versus existing customers. Finally, we report on use of tax incentives and financing tools, and incorporation of non-energy benefits into performance-based project economics. We summarize key findings below.

  6. Trends in temporary employment in the industry of the Boyaca department, 2000-2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edilberto Rodríguez Araújo

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The transition from the Fordist to post-Fordist techno-productive model has brought with it a noticeable labor flexibilization from which outsourcing is derived. Peripheral industry, such as the Colombian one that suffered a regression at the end of the last century, does not escape from this phenomenon. The present article seeks to establish the dynamics of fixed-term employment in the manufacturing industry, using information from the Annual Manufacturing Survey (AMS. The analysis found that the use of temporary employment  since the 1990s increased at the expense of permanent employment, until reaching 41.4% in 2013; in the Boyacá region, although it has grown rapidly since the beginning of this century, temporary employment is only about 30%. Direct contracting exceeded indirect hiring, which does not contradict the persistence of the above mentioned trend that has predominated in the most relevant occupational categories of the industrial sector.

  7. Review of U.S. ESCO industry market trends: An empirical analysis of project data

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goldman, Charles A.; Hopper, Nicole C.; Osborn, Julie G.; Singer, Terry E.

    2003-03-01

    This article summarizes a comprehensive empirical analysis of U.S. Energy Service Company (ESCO) industry trends and performance. We employ two parallel analytical approaches: a comprehensive survey of firms to estimate total industry size and a database of {approx}1500 ESCO projects, from which we report target markets and typical project characteristics, energy savings and customer economics. We estimate that industry investment for energy-efficiency related services reached US $2 billion in 2000 following a decade of strong growth. ESCO activity is concentrated in states with high economic activity and strong policy support. Typical projects save 150-200 MJ/m2/year and are cost-effective with median benefit/cost ratios of 1.6 and 2.1 for institutional and private sector projects. The median simple payback time is 7 years among institutional customers; 3 years is typical in the private sector. Reliance on DSM incentives has decreased since 1995. Preliminary evidence suggests that state enabling policies have boosted the industry in medium-sized states. ESCOs have proven resilient in the face of restructuring and will probably shift toward selling ''energy solutions,'' with energy efficiency part of a package. We conclude that a private sector energy-efficiency services industry that targets large commercial and industrial customers is viable and self-sustaining with appropriate policy support both financial and non-financial.

  8. Where Are We Now? An Updated Review of the School Counseling Literature for Trends and Themes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zagelbaum, Adam; Kruczek, Theresa; Alexander, Charlene; Crethar, Hugh

    2014-01-01

    The present study is a follow-up to an earlier investigation of themes and trends in school counseling journals. The original study examined articles pre- and post-merger of the American School Counseling Association (ASCA) journal(s) for content reflecting themes evolving from the Education Trust Initiative. This study evaluated literature…

  9. Development Trend of China's Petroleum and Petrochemical Equipment Manufacturing Industry%Development Trend of China's Petroleum and Petrochemical Equipment Manufacturing Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    The equipment manufacturing industry is a strategic and fundamental industry which provides equipment for all industries including the defense industry. The domestication of equipment manufacturing is a miniature of rapid development of China's national economy. For the petroleum and petrochemical industry, the quality of equipment is essential for the development of the oil and gas industry. In recent years,

  10. Trends in Transportation Sciences and How to Get a Job in the Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Springer, Carl

    2010-03-01

    Fifty years after the transportation engineering and planning industry began, the skill set of the prototypical professional has shifted radically. At its origins, transportation sciences were purposed to plan and construct a national infrastructure of highway facilities. A typical professional in those days was a civil engineer that narrowed their expertise to roadway design, construction and maintenance. Now, the focus of the profession is much more diverse, encompassing all modes of transport in both rural and urban contexts, and it plays a key role in economic vitality, livability and the environment. This presentation introduces three current trends and discusses their potential influence on the industry and the communities that they serve. First, now that the federal interstate system is largely built, there is great interest in better understanding how the system is really used in metropolitan areas, and how to get better value out of it. This helps professionals to better manage the regional system and its users. Second, the movement towards achieving more sustainable urban planning and design will require better empirical models about why people choose to walk, bike, or drive and how they are influenced by accessibility and land uses. These tools will measure trade-offs in public infrastructure, safety, health and energy consumption. Finally, there is a clear trend for putting transportation data in the public's hands to help them better use and evaluate the systems that are integral to their daily living. Responding to these trends will require new and deeper skills for the transportation professional.

  11. Effects of Deployment Investment on the Growth of the Biofuels Industry. 2016 Update

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vimmerstedt, Laura J. [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Warner, Ethan S. [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Stright, Dana [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)

    2016-03-01

    This report updates the 2013 report of the same title. Some text originally published in that report is retained and indicated in gray. In support of the national goals for biofuel use in the United States, numerous technologies have been developed that convert biomass to biofuels. Some of these biomass to biofuel conversion technology pathways are operating at commercial scales, while others are in earlier stages of development. The advancement of a new pathway toward commercialization involves various types of progress, including yield improvements, process engineering, and financial performance. Actions of private investors and public programs can accelerate the demonstration and deployment of new conversion technology pathways. These investors (both private and public) will pursue a range of pilot, demonstration, and pioneer scale biorefinery investments; the most cost-effective set of investments for advancing the maturity of any given biomass to biofuel conversion technology pathway is unknown. In some cases, whether or not the pathway itself will ultimately be technically and financially successful is also unknown. This report presents results from the Biomass Scenario Model--a system dynamics model of the biomass to biofuels system--that estimate effects of investments in biorefineries at different maturity levels and operational scales. The report discusses challenges in estimating effects of such investments and explores the interaction between this deployment investment and a volumetric production incentive. Model results show that investments in demonstration and deployment have a substantial growth impact on the development of the biofuels industry. Results also show that other conditions, such as accompanying incentives, have major impacts on the effectiveness of such investments. Results from the 2013 report are compared to new results. This report does not advocate for or against investments, incentives, or policies, but analyzes simulations of

  12. Trends in US hospital distribution of industry-sponsored infant formula sample packs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadacharan, Radha; Grossman, Xena; Sanchez, Emily; Merewood, Anne

    2011-10-01

    To describe trends in the proportion of US hospitals that distribute industry-sponsored formula sample packs between 2007 and 2010. This is a follow-up of a 2007 study. In 2007, we surveyed all 50 US states to determine the proportion of hospitals that distributed infant formula samples to new mothers. In 2010, we selected the 10 best-record and 10 worst-record states with regard to industry-sponsored formula sample-pack distribution in 2007. We called all hospitals in these 20 states and asked if the maternity service distributed a "formula company-sponsored diaper discharge bag" to new mothers. We also recorded the respondent's job title. We contacted 1239 hospitals in 20 states. In 2007, 14% of these hospitals were sample-pack-free. In 2010, 28% of the same hospitals were sample-pack-free; the proportion of sample-pack-free hospitals per state ranged from 0% (5 states) to 86% (Rhode Island). In the 10 best-record states, the weighted proportion of sample-pack-free hospitals increased by a mean difference of 18% between 2007 and 2010 (P industry-sponsored formula sample packs, but trends indicate a significant change in practice; increasing proportions of hospitals eliminate these packs. Change was more significant in states where higher proportions of hospitals had already eliminated packs in 2007.

  13. Environmental Report 2006. The oil- and gas industry's environmental work. Facts and trends

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-07-15

    An updated overview of emissions to the air and sea is presented, as well as a report on waste generated by the offshore activities at the Norwegian Continental Shelf. The report also mentions the collective, environmental efforts the oil- and gas industry have been working at in particular in 2006. All production fields on the Norwegian Continental Shelf are included, as well as Statfjord and Frigg, which are located at the dividing line between Norwegian and British sector. A total of 52 fields were in production at the Norwegian shelf in 2006, whereof one new was put in production: Ringhorne East. In 2006, 23 exploration wells were spudded, of which 15 are exploration wells and 8 are appraisal wells. The exploration activities have nearly been doubled since 2005, when only 9 exploration wells and 3 appraisal wells were drilled. Four new discoveries were made in 2006 (ml)

  14. Green Trends in the Hotel Industry - Status and Opportunities of SERBIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bela Muhi Muhi

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available So-called "green" hotels that are trying to respect the rules of environmental pollution and reduce it to a minimum have become wide spread recently. The main principle of this trend is to use a variety of methods of responsible hotel operations, to reduce energy, water consumption and carbon dioxide emissions, to take care of the decomposition of solid waste and increase the recycling of waste materials, to use conventional detergents and other chemical agents to the lower measure and replace it by harmless "organic", to prevent or at least reduce the pollution of the environment and, wherever possible to preserve local biodiversity. In this paper, the authors provide an overview of green trends in the hotel industry with a focus on status and opportunities in Serbia.

  15. Trends in the Development of International Tourism and Imperatives of Modernizing the Tourism Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zeyneb Adamanova

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This article provides a rationale for the significance and explores the characteristics of international tourism. The author establishes that this sector of the global economy has been developing in quite a sustainable fashion, without being affected by substantial differences between various regions around the world. The author discusses groups of stimulating factors and major trends in the development of international tourism at the current stage, including major changes in the tourism product and the operation of the global market of tourism services. The article defines the imperatives of modernizing the tourism industry at the national level.

  16. Inventory trends in emerging market supply chains: Evidence from the Indian automotive industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haritha Saranga

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available In the current paper, using a sample data of 58 firms consisting of automakers and auto component suppliers across a 14-year period, we study the factors contributing to efficient inventory management in the Indian automotive Industry. We use fixed effects regression models to document trends in inventory holdings over time and how this varies across inventory types and across tiers in the supply chain. Our results show that inventory holdings have declined differentially across tiers and across different types of inventories. We find tier-1 suppliers reduced all components of their inventories with the help of TQM and lean efforts.

  17. Recent Trends in Therapeutic Approaches for Diabetes Management: A Comprehensive Update

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pragya Tiwari

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Diabetes highlights a growing epidemic imposing serious social economic crisis to the countries around the globe. Despite scientific breakthroughs, better healthcare facilities, and improved literacy rate, the disease continues to burden several sections, especially middle and low income countries. The present trends indicate the rise in premature death, posing a major threat to global development. Scientific and technological advances have witnessed the development of newer generation of drugs like sulphonylureas, biguanides, alpha glucosidase inhibitors, and thiazolidinediones with significant efficacy in reducing hyperglycemia. Recent approaches in drug discovery have contributed to the development of new class of therapeutics like Incretin mimetics, Amylin analogues, GIP analogs, Peroxisome proliferator activated receptors, and dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor as targets for potential drugs in diabetes treatment. Subsequently, the identification and clinical investigation of bioactive substances from plants have revolutionized the research on drug discovery and lead identification for diabetes management. With a focus on the emerging trends, the review article explores the current statistical prevalence of the disease, discussing the benefits and limitations of the commercially available drugs. Additionally, the critical areas in clinical diabetology are discussed, with respect to prospects of statins, nanotechnology, and stem cell technology as next generation therapeutics and why the herbal formulations are consistently popular choice for diabetes medication and management.

  18. Vaginal birth after cesarean section: an update on physician trends and patient perceptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Penso, C

    1994-10-01

    The increased number of women having a vaginal birth after a cesarean section can be attributed to changing physician trends. Women eligible for vaginal birth after cesarean section include those with previous low vertical incisions, multiple previous incisions and even unknown scars, regardless of the method of closure or previous indication. Limited data suggest that in carefully selected women a current twin gestation, breech presentation, or the presence of fetal macrosomia are not contraindications for a trial of labor, in the presence of a uterine scar. Changing trends in the management of labor may also contribute to an increase in successful trial of labor with the use of oxytocin for the induction or augmentation of labor, the administration of epidural anesthesia for pain relief, and the instillation of prostaglandin E2 gel for cervical ripening. External cephalic version and amnioinfusion may also be reasonable alternatives in appropriately selected cases. Despite the documented safety and success of vaginal birth after cesarean section, and the lack of increased morbidity of failed trial of labor, 50% of women who are eligible for vaginal birth after cesarean section will decline an attempt, even after extensive counseling and encouragement. Patient resistance, largely attributed to the fear and inconvenience of labor, is still a major deterrent to a further rise in vaginal birth after cesarean section rates.

  19. Quantitative assessment of industrial VOC emissions in China: Historical trend, spatial distribution, uncertainties, and projection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Chenghang; Shen, Jiali; Zhang, Yongxin; Huang, Weiwei; Zhu, Xinbo; Wu, Xuecheng; Chen, Linghong; Gao, Xiang; Cen, Kefa

    2017-02-01

    The temporal trends of industrial volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions was comprehensively summarized for the 2011 to 2013 period, and the projections for 2020 to 2050 for China were set. The results demonstrate that industrial VOC emissions in China increased from 15.3 Tg in 2011 to 29.4 Tg in 2013 at an annual average growth rate of 38.3%. Guangdong (3.45 Tg), Shandong (2.85 Tg), and Jiangsu (2.62 Tg) were the three largest contributors collectively accounting for 30.4% of the national total emissions in 2013. The top three average industrial VOC emissions per square kilometer were Shanghai (247.2 ton/km2), Tianjin (62.8 ton/km2), and Beijing (38.4 ton/km2), which were 12-80 times of the average level in China. The data from the inventory indicate that the use of VOC-containing products, as well as the production and use of VOCs as raw materials, as well as for storage and transportation contributed 75.4%, 10.3%, 9.1%, and 5.2% of the total emissions, respectively. ArcGIS was used to display the remarkable spatial distribution variation by allocating the emission into 1 km × 1 km grid cells with a population as surrogate indexes. Combined with future economic development and population change, as well as implementation of policy and upgrade of control technologies, three scenarios (scenarios A, B, and C) were set to project industrial VOC emissions for the years 2020, 2030, and 2050, which present the industrial VOC emissions in different scenarios and the potential of reducing emissions. Finally, the result shows that the collaborative control policies considerably influenced industrial VOC emissions.

  20. Mussel Watch update: long-term trends in selected contaminants from coastal California, 1977-2010.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melwani, Aroon R; Gregorio, Dominic; Jin, Yujie; Stephenson, Mark; Ichikawa, Gary; Siegel, Emily; Crane, Dave; Lauenstein, Gunnar; Davis, Jay A

    2014-04-30

    This study examined trends in contaminants measured during three decades of "Mussel Watch" monitoring on the California coast. Chlorinated organic contaminants and butyltins declined the most rapidly, with tissue concentrations in 2010 that were up to 75% lower than during the 1980s. Silver and lead declined at about half of the stations statewide, but generally exhibited slower rates of decline relative to the organic compounds. In contrast, copper increased at many stations, and PAHs showed little evidence for declines. Mussels from San Francisco Bay and the Southern California Bight were historically the most contaminated and have had the steepest declines. Overall, these data show that the "Mussel Watch" approach to monitoring contaminants in California has provided some of the best evidence of the effectiveness of actions to improve water quality over the past 30 years. These datasets also highlight challenges that remain in managing PAHs and copper.

  1. Environmental Report 2005. The environmental efforts of the petroleum industry. Facts and trends

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-06-15

    The petroleum industry on the Norwegian Continental Shelf aims to conduct operations according to high environmental standards. Each year, the Norwegian Oil Industry Association (OLF) publishes an environmental report. The objective of the report is, in addition to communicating discharge/emission data, to contribute to increasing knowledge of the environmental aspects of the petroleum activities. The Environmental Report for 2005 provides an updated overview of discharges to sea and emissions to air, as well as waste creation from the activity on the Norwegian Continental Shelf. The report also deals with the environmental challenges OLF has given special attention to in 2005. In total, there were 50 fields in production on the Norwegian Continental Shelf in 2005, of which Kristin and Urd were new. Twelve exploration wells were spudded, of which nine are exploration wells and three are appraisal wells. Six new discoveries were made; two oil discoveries and one gas discovery in the North Sea and three gas discoveries in the Norwegian Sea. All fields with production facilities on the Norwegian Continental Shelf are included in the Environmental Report for 2005, including Statfjord and Frigg which both straddle the border with the British sector. Emissions and discharges from the construction and installation phase, maritime support services and helicopter traffic are not included. The oil companies' emissions and discharges reporting follows the requirements for reporting as set down by the authorities in the appendix to the Information Duty Regulations; Requirements for reporting from offshore petroleum activities (author) (ml)

  2. Plunkett's E-Commerce & Internet Business Almanac 2012 E-Commerce & Internet Business Industry Market Research, Statistics, Trends & Leading Companies

    CERN Document Server

    Plunkett, Jack W

    2012-01-01

    Market research guide to the e-commerce and Internet business-a tool for strategic planning, competitive intelligence, employment searches or financial research. Contains trends analysis, globalization, trade, statistical tables and an industry glossary. Includes our profiles of nearly 450 top e-commerce and internet industry firms, featuring addresses, phone numbers and executive names.

  3. Challenges and trends in manufacturing measurement technology – the “Industrie 4.0” concept

    OpenAIRE

    Imkamp, Dietrich; Berthold, Jürgen; Heizmann, Michael; Kniel, Karin; Manske, Eberhard; Peterek, Martin; Schmitt, Robert; Seidler, Jochen; Sommer, Klaus-Dieter

    2016-01-01

    Strategic considerations and publications dealing with the future of industrial production are significantly influenced these days by the concept of “Industrie 4.0”. For this reason the field of measurement technology for industrial production must also tackle this concept when thinking about future trends and challenges in metrology. To this end, the Manufacturing Metrology Roadmap 2020 of the VDI/VDE Society for Measurement and Automatic Control (GMA) was published in 2011 (VDI/VDE-GMA, 201...

  4. Challenges and trends in manufacturing measurement technology – the “Industrie 4.0” concept

    OpenAIRE

    Imkamp, D.; Berthold, J.; Heizmann, M.; K. Kniel; Manske, E.; Peterek, M.; Schmitt, R.; Seidler, J; K.-D. Sommer

    2016-01-01

    Strategic considerations and publications dealing with the future of industrial production are significantly influenced these days by the concept of “Industrie 4.0”. For this reason the field of measurement technology for industrial production must also tackle this concept when thinking about future trends and challenges in metrology. To this end, the Manufacturing Metrology Roadmap 2020 of the VDI/VDE Society for Measurement and Automatic Control (GMA) was published in 2011...

  5. Trends in size of tropical deforestation events signal increasing dominance of industrial-scale drivers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Austin, Kemen G.; González-Roglich, Mariano; Schaffer-Smith, Danica; Schwantes, Amanda M.; Swenson, Jennifer J.

    2017-05-01

    Deforestation continues across the tropics at alarming rates, with repercussions for ecosystem processes, carbon storage and long term sustainability. Taking advantage of recent fine-scale measurement of deforestation, this analysis aims to improve our understanding of the scale of deforestation drivers in the tropics. We examined trends in forest clearings of different sizes from 2000-2012 by country, region and development level. As tropical deforestation increased from approximately 6900 kha yr-1 in the first half of the study period, to >7900 kha yr-1 in the second half of the study period, >50% of this increase was attributable to the proliferation of medium and large clearings (>10 ha). This trend was most pronounced in Southeast Asia and in South America. Outside of Brazil >60% of the observed increase in deforestation in South America was due to an upsurge in medium- and large-scale clearings; Brazil had a divergent trend of decreasing deforestation, >90% of which was attributable to a reduction in medium and large clearings. The emerging prominence of large-scale drivers of forest loss in many regions and countries suggests the growing need for policy interventions which target industrial-scale agricultural commodity producers. The experience in Brazil suggests that there are promising policy solutions to mitigate large-scale deforestation, but that these policy initiatives do not adequately address small-scale drivers. By providing up-to-date and spatially explicit information on the scale of deforestation, and the trends in these patterns over time, this study contributes valuable information for monitoring, and designing effective interventions to address deforestation.

  6. Global trends in milk quality: implications for the irish dairy industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    More SJ

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The quality of Irish agricultural product will become increasingly important with the ongoing liberalisation of international trade. This paper presents a review of the global and Irish dairy industries; considers the impact of milk quality on farm profitability, food processing and human health, examines global trends in quality; and explores several models that are successfully being used to tackle milk quality concerns. There is a growing global demand for dairy products, fuelled in part by growing consumer wealth in developing countries. Global dairy trade represents only 6.2% of global production and demand currently outstrips supply. Although the Irish dairy industry is small by global standards, approximately 85% of annual production is exported annually. It is also the world's largest producer of powdered infant formula. Milk quality has an impact on human health, milk processing and on-farm profitability. Somatic cell count (SCC is a key measure of milk quality, with a SCC not exceeding 400,000 cells/ml (the EU milk quality standard generally accepted as the international export standard. There have been ongoing improvements in milk quality among both established and emerging international suppliers. A number of countries have developed successful industry-led models to tackle milk quality concerns. Based on international experiences, it is likely that problems with effective translation of knowledge to practice, rather than incomplete knowledge per se, are the more important constraints to national progress towards improved milk quality.

  7. The dairy industry: a brief description of production practices, trends, and farm characteristics around the world.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Douphrate, David I; Hagevoort, G Robert; Nonnenmann, Matthew W; Lunner Kolstrup, Christina; Reynolds, Stephen J; Jakob, Martina; Kinsel, Mark

    2013-01-01

    The global dairy industry is composed of a multitude of countries with unique production practices and consumer markets. The global average number of cows per farm is about 1-2 cows; however, as a farm business model transitions from sustenance to market production, the average herd size, and subsequent labor force increases. Dairy production is unique as an agricultural commodity because milk is produced daily, for 365 days per year. With the introduction of new technology such as the milking parlor, the global industry trend is one of increasing farm sizes. The farm sizes are the largest in the United States; however, the European Union produces the most milk compared with other global producers. Dairy production is essential for economic development and sustainable communities in rural areas. However, the required capital investment and availability of local markets and labor are continued challenges. Due to farm expansion, international producers are faced with new challenges related to assuring food safety and a safe working environment for their workforce. These challenges exist in addition to the cultural and language barriers related to an increasing dependence on immigrant labor in many regions of the world. Continued success of the global dairy industry is vital. Therefore, research should continue to address the identification of occupational risk factors associated with injuries and illnesses, as well as develop cost-effective interventions and practices that lead to the minimization or elimination of these injuries and illnesses on a global scale, among our valuable population of dairy producers and workers.

  8. On the Nature of Trends

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mackinney-Valentin, Maria

    2010-01-01

    A consolidation of the field Trend Studies through mapping, updating and developing trend theory.......A consolidation of the field Trend Studies through mapping, updating and developing trend theory....

  9. Trends

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Shanghai Mode Lingerie continually strives to underline its status as a veritable reference on the fashion scene: an opportunity to explore trends, interpret key directions and gain an in-depth overview of lines to follow.

  10. Quality of gourmand products and services and modern trends in restaurant industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ćirić Nata

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Improving Hotel offers by introducing different contents and services (swimming pools, bars, conference rooms, specialized restaurants, diverse and attractive cuisine, with strategic and holistic approach to the hotel - tourist activities, can lead to increased tourist traffic and tourist spending. The modern touristic demand is very critical and sophisticated, particularly in the terms of content and new culinary trends. Religious customs, traditions and different ways of living, vegetarianism, organic food, healthy food, slow food etc., determine the specific consciousness of the choice of foods and nutrition for many tourists. The restaurants known for their fine gastronomy and service are in a stronger competitive position than restaurants that do not keep the continuity of high quality products and services. Creating a restaurant with an organic, macrobiotic or vegetarian food can be a significant form of marketing strategy aim to establish a superior quality catering industry products and achievement of competitive advantage in that respect.

  11. Nanotechnology in automotive industry: research strategy and trends for the future-small objects, big impacts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coelho, Margarida C; Torrão, Guilhermina; Emami, Nazanin; Grácio, José

    2012-08-01

    The goal of this paper is to emphasize and present briefly the nanotechnology science and its potential impact on the automotive industry in order to improve the production of recent models with an optimization of the safety performance and a reduction in the environmental impacts. Nanomaterials can be applied in car bodies as light weight constructions without compromising the stiffness and crashwortiness, which means less material and less fuel consumption. This paper outlines the progress of nanotechnology applications into the safety features of more recent vehicle models and fuel efficiency, but also emphasis the importance of sustainable development on the application of these technologies and life cycle analysis of the considered materials, in order to meet the society trends and customers demands to improve ecology, safety and comfort.

  12. Epidemiologic evidence of cancer risk in textile industry workers: a review and update.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mastrangelo, Giuseppe; Fedeli, Ugo; Fadda, Emanuela; Milan, Giovanni; Lange, John H

    2002-05-01

    A meta-analysis of epidemiologic studies for textile industry workers was undertaken in an attempt to evaluate whether the cancer risk varies within the textile industry in relation to the job held or the textile fiber used. We combined studies published up until 1990, when an ad hoc IARC Monograph was issued, and those published after 1990 with the aim of appreciating evidence of reversing trends in cancer risk. Observed and expected cases reported in the original studies were summed up and the totals were divided to obtain a pooled relative risk (PRR) with a 95% confidence interval (CI) estimated with a fixed-effect model. We calculated a chi-square test (chi2) of heterogeneity among studies. When PRR and chi2 were both significant, PRR and CI were calculated with a random-effect model and the source of heterogeneity was investigated. Lung cancer risk was around 0.4 in the first study on cotton workers published in 1936, around 0.7 in subsequent studies, mostly published in the 1970s and 1980s, and around 1.0 in the last studies published in the 1990s. Papers published in the 1970s and 1980s produced consistent risk estimates for lung cancer risk, which was significantly lower than 1.0 in workers exposed to cotton (PRR = 0.77; CI = 0.69-0.86) and wool dust (0.71; 0.50-0.92), as well as in carders and fiber preparers (0.73; 0.54-0.91), weavers (0.71; 0.56-0.85), and spinners and weavers (0.78; 0.66-0.91). Lung cancer PRRs did not significantly deviate from 1.0 in textile workers using synthetic fibers or silk, and in dyers. Increased PRRs were found for sinonasal cancer in workers exposed to cotton dust, and in workers involved in spinning or weaving (4.14; 1.80-6.49). PRR was 1.46 (1.10-1.82) for cancer of the digestive system in textile workers using synthetic fibers or silk, and 1.34 (1.10-1.59) for colorectal cancer in spinners and weavers. The increased bladder cancer PRR in dyers (1.39; 1.07-1.71) is generally attributed to textile dye exposure. In studies

  13. Research in industrial and organizational psychology from 1963 to 2007: changes, choices, and trends.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cascio, Wayne F; Aguinis, Herman

    2008-09-01

    The authors conducted a content analysis of all articles published in the Journal of Applied Psychology and Personnel Psychology from January 1963 to May 2007 (N = 5,780) to identify the relative attention devoted to each of 15 broad topical areas and 50 more specific subareas in the field of industrial and organizational (I-O) psychology. Results revealed that (a) some areas have become more (or less) popular over time, whereas others have not changed much, and (b) there are some lagged relationships between important societal issues that involve people and work settings (i.e., human-capital trends) and I-O psychology research that addresses them. Also, much I-O psychology research does not address human-capital trends. Extrapolating results from the past 45 years to the next decade suggests that the field of I-O psychology is not likely to become more visible or more relevant to society at large or to achieve the lofty goals it has set for itself unless researchers, practitioners, universities, and professional organizations implement significant changes. In the aggregate, the changes address the broad challenge of how to narrow the academic-practitioner divide.

  14. Sector trends and driving forces of global energy use and greenhouse gas emissions: focus in industry and buildings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Price, Lynn; Worrell, Ernst; Khrushch, Marta

    1999-09-01

    Disaggregation of sectoral energy use and greenhouse gas emissions trends reveals striking differences between sectors and regions of the world. Understanding key driving forces in the energy end-use sectors provides insights for development of projections of future greenhouse gas emissions. This report examines global and regional historical trends in energy use and carbon emissions in the industrial, buildings, transport, and agriculture sectors, with a more detailed focus on industry and buildings. Activity and economic drivers as well as trends in energy and carbon intensity are evaluated. The authors show that macro-economic indicators, such as GDP, are insufficient for comprehending trends and driving forces at the sectoral level. These indicators need to be supplemented with sector-specific information for a more complete understanding of future energy use and greenhouse gas emissions.

  15. Trends and Reliance on Foreign Labourers in Malaysia: Conventional Construction versus Industrialized Building System Construction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mydin M.A.O

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available There has been an influx of foreign labourers in Malaysia over the past decade due to sustained economic growth and a limited labour market. As a long term measure to ensure sustainable growth as well as to minimize socio-economic implications, a medium to longer-term policy on foreign workers will be devised with the goal of reducing overdependence on foreign workers while attracting more skilled and trained professionals. In order to reduce the number of foreign workers, the government has encouraged the implementation of an IBS. An Industrialized Building System (IBS is a construction system in which the components are manufactured in a factory, on or off site, positioned, and assembled into complete structures with minimal additional site work. This research has been carried out to discover trends, whether decreasing or increasing, in the employment of foreign labour in the Malaysian construction industry with reference to the Immigration Department of Malaysia. Additionally, interviews with construction labourers at IBS sites and conventional sites were carried out to identify the number of foreign labourers that are used in such projects.

  16. Fitness for duty in the nuclear industry: Update of the technical issues 1996

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Durbin, N.; Grant, T. [eds.] [Battelle Seattle Research Center, WA (United States)

    1996-05-01

    The purpose of this report is to provide an update of information on the technical issues surrounding the creation, implementation, and maintenance of fitness-for-duty (FFD) policies and programs. It has been prepared as a resource for Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and nuclear power plant personnel who deal with FFD programs. It contains a general overview and update on the technical issues that the NRC considered prior to the publication of its original FFD rule and the revisions to that rule (presented in earlier NUREG/CRs). It also includes chapters that address issues about which there is growing concern and/or about which there have been substantial changes since NUREG/CR-5784 was published. Although this report is intended to support the NRC`s rule making on fitness for duty, the conclusions of the authors of this report are their own and do not necessarily represent the opinions of the NRC.

  17. Short-term trends in the gas industry - Panorama 2008; Tendances a court terme de l'industrie gaziere - Panorama 2008

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-07-01

    In a context of high investment costs and rising energy prices, and recurring unseasonably warm temperatures in recent years, the growth of natural gas demand is slowing. On the supply side, and on the demand side too, new trends are emerging, with potentially powerful impact on the short-and long-term development of the industry.

  18. TRENDS IN A SOUTH AFRICAN INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING RESEARCH JOURNAL: A TEXTUAL INFORMATION ANALYSIS PERSPECTIVE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.W. Uys

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available

    ENGLISH ABSTRACT: Industrial engineering (IE is a multi-disciplinary field, with its research borders broadening into a wide range of sub-disciplines. The South African Journal of Industrial Engineering (SAJIE has been the official voice of IE research in South Africa for the past 22 years. In the interests of evaluating research scope, it is worth determining how IE fields have been covered by this journal. What are the current topics in IE, and how do they align with IE publication trends in other countries? This article attempts to investigate these issues in an objective way by using a text analytical technique to analyse the SAJIE publication collection. Due to the growth in the quantity of accessible textual information, and the growing importance of this type of information to business people and industrial engineers alike, the relevant text analytical method is also outlined.

    AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Bedryfsingenieurswese is ’n multidissiplinêre veld, met navorsingsgrense wat strek oor ’n wye reeks sub-dissiplines. Die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif vir Bedryfsingenieurswese (SAJIE was oor die afgelope 22 jaar die amptelike mondstuk vir bedryfsingenieurswese-gerigte navorsing in Suid-Afrika. Dit is betekenisvol om te bepaal in watter hoedanigheid bedryfsingenieurswesevelde deur die SAJIE gedek word, ten einde die bestek van navorsing te evalueer. Wat is die huidige temas van bedryfsingenieurswese, en hoe vergelyk dit met bedryfsingenieurswese-publikasieneigings in ander lande? Hierdie artikel poog om die vraagstuk op ’n objektiewe wyse na te vors deur die toepassing van ’n teksanalitiese tegniek om die SAJIE publikasie versameling te ontleed. Weens die toename in die hoeveelheid beskikbare tekstuele inligting, asook die toenemende belang van hierdie tipe inligting vir besigheidspersone asook bedryfsingenieurs, word die betrokke teksanalitiese metode ook bespreek.

  19. Mexico; Financial Sector Assessment Program Update: Technical Note: Industrial Organization and Competition: Pension System in Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2007-01-01

    The technical note on Mexico’s Financial Sector Assessment Program update analyzes that the private pension system’s regulator in Mexico has introduced innovate rules. Mexico, as with many other countries in Latin America, has adopted an individual capitalization pension system. The design of these pension reforms confers the administration of pension funds to private companies. Under these schemes, competition plays a key role, keeping prices low, a good quality of service, and an effici...

  20. Contraception - Update and Trends

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rabe T

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available In the future, fertility control will focus on the improvement of existing methods (efficacy, side effects, easy use, duration of action, manufacturing process, costs, on new approaches (mode of action and on new targets for contraception. Counselling of women in view of contraceptive choices based on individual risks (e. g. cardiovascular disease, thrombophilia, family risk of breast cancer, sexually transmitted diseases will gain more and more importance. Only a few companies can afford research in contraception such as Bayer-Schering-Pharma, Wyeth-Ayerst, Ortho-McNeil and Organon. Female contraception: Ovulation inhibition: In the future, a focus will be placed on the preselection of patients to minimize their individual risk, new oral contraceptive (OC regimen, OC with new progestins, OC with estradiol or estradiolesters, new ovulation inhibitors with new progestins and new regimens including long cycles and continuous steroidal contraceptives, new contraceptive patches, vaginal rings, spray-on contraceptives, recently identified genes involved in the ovulation process as new targets for ovulation inhibitors. Fertilisation inhibition: New intrauterine systems will comprise: a smaller Mirena intrauterine system releasing levonorgestrel (LNG and new frameless progestin-releasing intrauterine systems (IUS. Various new contraceptive barriers have been introduced. Research is ongoing on substances acting both as spermicides and as microbicides, reducing the risk of sexually transmitted diseases. New implantables and injectables will feature an improved pharmacokinetic profile, decreased side effects and a safer delivery system. Additionally, there are various new approaches in female sterilisation. Immunocontraception for the female will not be available in the near future. Implantation inhibition: Selective progesterone receptor modulators (SPRMs are tested for postcoital contraception. New targets are analysed for immunocontraceptives. Male contraception: Condoms and vasectomy are the "gold standards" in male contraception. The development of hormonal contraceptives for men has recently been stopped by Bayer-Schering-Pharma and Organon. STD: Furthermore, clients of contraceptive methods must be informed about the risk of sexually transmitted diseases and the way how to prevent them (e. g. safer sex methods.

  1. Ballistic Missile Defense Organization, Advance Planning Briefing for Industry, Updated Agenda, Attendance Roster, Proceedings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-03-01

    Registration) Updated Agenda 2 Attendance Roster 3 Program Overview 21 Biographies of the Principal Speakers 28 SLIDES: "The Worldwide Missile Threat...229-5800 x Mr. C. Lee Newton Sverdrup Technology Inc PO Box 1935, Bldg 260 Eglin A F B FL 32542-0935 (904) 678-2001 x Dv. David A. Nichols...922-7350 x Dr. Gary H. Weissman LNK Corporation» Inc. Suite 306 6811 Kenilworth Avenue Riverdale MD 20737-1333 (301) 927-3223 x Mr. Isaac

  2. Ningxia update: Government policy and measures for promoting a sustainable wine industry

    OpenAIRE

    Hao Linhai; Li Xueming; Cao Kailong; Ma Huiqin

    2016-01-01

    The rapidly growing wine industry in the Ningxia region of north-central China had 35,300 ha of wine grapes and 184 registered wineries as of mid-2016. Ningxia's mission is to develop a sustainable wine industry based on small-scale producers and high-quality products in order to distinguish itself from other key regions in China. Government measures over the last two years have included diversifying grape varieties, encouraging vineyard mechanization, awarding cash to medalists in renown win...

  3. Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) Program. Final Project Report. California Energy Balance Update and Decomposition Analysis for the Industry and Building Sectors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    de la Rue du Can, Stephane [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Hasanbeigi, Ali [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Sathaye, Jayant [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)

    2010-12-01

    This report on the California Energy Balance version 2 (CALEB v2) database documents the latest update and improvements to CALEB version 1 (CALEB v1) and provides a complete picture of how energy is supplied and consumed in the State of California. The CALEB research team at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) performed the research and analysis described in this report. CALEB manages highly disaggregated data on energy supply, transformation, and end-use consumption for about 40 different energy commodities, from 1990 to 2008. This report describes in detail California's energy use from supply through end-use consumption as well as the data sources used. The report also analyzes trends in energy demand for the "Manufacturing" and "Building" sectors. Decomposition analysis of energy consumption combined with measures of the activity driving that consumption quantifies the effects of factors that shape energy consumption trends. The study finds that a decrease in energy intensity has had a very significant impact on reducing energy demand over the past 20 years. The largest impact can be observed in the industry sector where energy demand would have had increased by 358 trillion British thermal units (TBtu) if subsectoral energy intensities had remained at 1997 levels. Instead, energy demand actually decreased by 70 TBtu. In the "Building" sector, combined results from the "Service" and "Residential" subsectors suggest that energy demand would have increased by 264 TBtu (121 TBtu in the "Services" sector and 143 TBtu in the "Residential" sector) during the same period, 1997 to 2008. However, energy demand increased at a lesser rate, by only 162 TBtu (92 TBtu in the "Services" sector and 70 TBtu in the "Residential" sector). These energy intensity reductions can be indicative of energyefficiency improvements during the past 10 years. The research presented in this report provides a basis for developing an energy-efficiency performance index to measure

  4. Agro-industry sugarcane residues disposal: the trends of their conversion into energy carriers in Cuba.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alonso Pippo, W; Garzone, P; Cornacchia, G

    2007-01-01

    The goal of the present work was to carry out a review of the disposal practices for the agro-industry's sugarcane residue and the trends of energy use in Cuba. The lack of an alternative energy carrier to electricity with storage capability for use in off-season has to date been an unsolvable question. The improvement of cogeneration capacity via implementation of CEST or BIG/GTCC and the barriers for their implementation, the introduction of a medium size (3 ton/h) fast pyrolysis module (FPM3) as a solution for off-season energy demand in the agro-industry, and an assessment of the energy required to do so, were also analyzed. Bio-oil production from bagasse and sugarcane agriculture residues (SCAR) and their particularities at the sugar mill are treated. The influence of sugar facility production process configuration is analyzed. The fast pyrolysis products and the trends of their end uses in Cuba are presented. The production cost of a ton of Bio-oil for FPM3 conditions was calculated at 155 USD/ton and the payback time as a function of selling price between 160 and 110 USD/ton was estimated to be from 1.5 to 4 years. The economic feasibility of the FPM3 was estimated, comparing the added values for three scenarios: 1st case, currently-used sugar production, 16.5 USD/ton of cane; 2nd case, factoring in the cogeneration improvement, 27 USD/ton of cane; and 3rd case, with cogeneration improvement and Bio-oil production, 40 USD/ton of cane. The energy use of SCAR and the introduction of FPM3 in the sugar mill are promising improvements that could result in a potential surplus of 80 kWh(e)/ton of cane in-season, or 6 x 10(6)ton of Bio-oil (LHV=15 MJ/kg) for use off-season in a milling season of 4 million tons of raw sugar.

  5. [Lead exposure in the ceramic tile industry: time trends and current exposure levels].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Candela, S; Ferri, F; Olmi, M

    1998-01-01

    There is a high density of industries for the production of ceramic tiles in the District of Scandiano (province of Reggio Emilia, Emilia Romagna region). In this area, since the beginning of 1970s, the time trend of Pb exposure in ceramic tile plants has been evaluated by means of biological monitoring (BM) data collected at the Service of Prevention and Safety in the Work Environment and its associated Toxicology Laboratory. From these data, a clear decreasing time trend of exposure levels is documented, the reduction being more evident during the seventies and in 1985-88. During the seventies BM was introduced systematically in all ceramic tile plants with the determination of delta-aminolevulinic acid in urine (ALA-U). As a consequence of the BM programme, hygienic measures for the abatement of pollution inside the plants were implemented, and a reduction, from 20.6% to 2%, of ALA-U values exceeding 10 mg/l, was observed. In 1985, the determination of lead in blood (PbB) replaced that of ALA-U in the BM programmes and highlighted the persistence of high level of exposure to Pb, which could not be outlined by means of ALA-U because of its lower sensitivity. PbB levels were 36.1 micrograms/100 ml and 25.7 micrograms/100 ml in male and female workers, respectively. These results required the implementation, within the plants, of additional hygienic measures and a significant reduction of PbB was obtained in the following three years. In 1988 PbB levels were 26.0 +/- 10.7 and 21.6 +/- 10.3 micrograms/100 ml in male and female workers, respectively. In 1993-95 Pb levels were obtained from 1328 male and 771 female workers of 56 plants, accounting for about 40% of the total number of workers in the ceramic industry, in the zones of Sassuolo and Scandiano. Exposure levels are not different from those observed in the preceding years, with PbB levels of 25.3 +/- 11.1 and 19.1 +/- 9.2 micrograms/100 ml in male and female workers, respectively.

  6. Longitudinal trends in networks of university-industry-government relations in South Korea: the role of programmatic incentives

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Park, H.; Leydesdorff, L.

    2010-01-01

    This study examines the longitudinal trend of systemness in networked research relations in South Korea using a triple helix (TH) indicator of university-industry-government (UIG) relations. The data were harvested from the Science Citation Index (SCI) and its counterparts in the social sciences

  7. Future trends in environmental impact of eucalyptus-based Kraft pulp industry in Thailand: a scenario analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jawjit, W.; Kroeze, C.; Soontaranun, W.; Hordijk, L.

    2008-01-01

    This study explores possible future trends in the environmental impact of the Kraft pulp industry in Thailand between 2000 and 2020. Scenarios were developed to analyze the effect of different options to reduce the future environmental impact, and the costs associated with the implementation of thes

  8. Longitudinal trends in networks of university-industry-government relations in South Korea: the role of programmatic incentives

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    H. Park; L. Leydesdorff

    2010-01-01

    This study examines the longitudinal trend of systemness in networked research relations in South Korea using a triple helix (TH) indicator of university-industry-government (UIG) relations. The data were harvested from the Science Citation Index (SCI) and its counterparts in the social sciences (SS

  9. Future trends in environmental impact of eucalyptus-based Kraft pulp industry in Thailand: a scenario analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jawjit, W.; Kroeze, C.; Soontaranun, W.; Hordijk, L.

    2008-01-01

    This study explores possible future trends in the environmental impact of the Kraft pulp industry in Thailand between 2000 and 2020. Scenarios were developed to analyze the effect of different options to reduce the future environmental impact, and the costs associated with the implementation of

  10. Westward Movement in China’s Electrolytic Aluminum Industry:an Irresistible Trend

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    <正>China’s aluminum industry, especially the electrolytic aluminum industry, is currently undergoing unprecedented difficulties. Henan, a powerhouse of China’s aluminum industry, has been adversely affected by a series of issues

  11. Patenting in the European medical nutrition industry : Trends, opportunities and strategies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Weenen, T.C.; Pronker, E.S.; Commandeur, H.R.; Claassen, E.

    2013-01-01

    Medical nutrition products are specific nutritional compositions for intervention in disease progression and symptom alleviation. This industry finds itself on the interface between the food and pharmaceutical industry and is still a relatively unknown industry. At present, insights concerning

  12. GLOBAL CHALLENGES AND TRENDS IN THE TOURISM INDUSTRY; ROMANIA, WHERE TO?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FIROIU DANIELA

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available In the context of an increasingly dynamic global society, adapting to new market conditions becomes a necessity, so that mutations in the tourism industry, as the economic sector to record the fastest ascent, become part of worldwide change. Tourism in the 21st century meets new dimensions as a result of unprecedented economic and technological expansion, the implications of these changes being profound and sometimes even difficult to explain or quantify. Therefore, defining an adequate tourism offer and adapting to market requirements become real challenges for economic agents, challenges that must be managed carefully in order to attain success. Currently, the focus is mainly on the technological factor and the sustainability of tourist activities, which become real progress binders, with strong influence on the entire supply chain. Global outlined trends define new ways to practice tourism, so that the technological evolution marks the transition of the entire travel experience from the offline to the online environment. The mobile segment is the one currently creating the newest opportunities for the development of tourist services, which is based on an increasingly close relationship between operators and tourists. It is to be seen whether Romania, as an emerging tourism market, which owns all necessary assets for a rapid and strong ascent, will be able to turn challenges offered by global dynamics into opportunities or will face the risks induced by it.

  13. The Northwest Infrared (NWIR) gas-phase spectral database of industrial and environmental chemicals: Recent updates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brauer, Carolyn S.; Johnson, Timothy J.; Blake, Thomas A.; Sharpe, Steven W.; Sams, Robert L.; Tonkyn, Russell G.

    2014-05-22

    With continuing improvements in both standoff- and point-sensing techniques, there is an ongoing need for high-quality infrared spectral databases. The Northwest Infrared Database (NWIR) contains quantitative, gas-phase infrared spectra of nearly 500 pure chemical species that can be used for a variety of applications such as atmospheric monitoring, biomass burning studies, etc. The data, recorded at 0.1 cm-1 resolution, are pressure broadened to one atmosphere (N2) in order to mimic atmospheric conditions. Each spectrum is a composite composed of multiple individual measurements. Recent updates to the database include over 60 molecules that are known or suspected biomass-burning effluents. Examples from this set of measurements will be presented and experimental details will be discussed in the context of the utility of NWIR for environmental applications.

  14. Coverage of Industrial/Organizational Psychology in Introductory Psychology Textbooks: An Update.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maynard, Douglas C.; Geberth, Karen L.; Joseph, Todd A.

    2002-01-01

    Examines the extent to which industrial/organizational (I/O) psychology is covered within introductory psychology textbooks (n=54). Determined whether I/O psychology was in a section, appendix, or chapter; and also compiled the number of pages that contained I/O psychology. Reports that only one-fourth of the textbooks had an overview. (CMK)

  15. 75 FR 26855 - North American Industry Classification System-Updates for 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-12

    ... Bureau, Room 8K157, Washington, DC 20233, telephone number: (301) 763-5172, e-mail: John.Burns.Murphy... Assisted Living Facilities for the Elderly.'' NAICS Industry Group 623312, Homes for the Elderly, would be.......... Game, Toy, and pt. 339930....... Doll, Toy, and Children's Game Vehicle Manufacturing....

  16. Maquiladora Industry: An Update from the Border. Fulbright-Hays Summer Seminar Abroad Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodriguez, Angela L.

    This research discusses Mexico's maquiladora industry, its employees (mostly women), and how the working conditions and the living environment affect worker health. The paper also explores how the employers, mostly U.S.-owned companies, deny responsibility for worker health, safety, and well-being. This research examines how the continued growth…

  17. Abundance Trends and Status of the Little Colorado River Population of Humpback Chub: An Update Considering 1989-2006 Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coggins,, Lewis G.

    2008-01-01

    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY In 1967, the humpback chub (Gila cypha) (HBC) was added to the federal list of endangered species and is today protected under the Endangered Species Act of 1973. Only six populations of humpback chub are currently known to exist, five in the Colorado River Basin above Lees Ferry, Arizona, and one in Grand Canyon, Arizona. The majority of Grand Canyon humpback chub are found in the Little Colorado River (LCR)-the largest tributary to the Colorado River in Grand Canyon-and the Colorado River near its confluence with the Little Colorado River. Monitoring and research of the Grand Canyon humpback chub population is overseen by the U.S. Geological Survey's (USGS) Grand Canyon Monitoring and Research Center (GCMRC) under the auspices of the Glen Canyon Dam Adaptive Management Program (GCDAMP), a Federal initiative to protect and improve resources downstream of Glen Canyon Dam. This report provides updated information on the status and trends of the LCR population in light of new information and refined assessment methodology. An earlier assessment of the LCR population (Coggins and others, 2006a) used data collected during 1989?2002; the assessment provided here includes that data and additional data collected through 2006. Catch-rate indices, closed population mark-recapture model abundance estimates, results from the original age-structured mark recapture (ASMR) model (Coggins and others, 2006b), and a newly refined ASMR model are presented. This report also seeks to (1) formally evaluate alternative stock assessment models using Pearson residual analyses and information theoretic procedures, (2) use mark-recapture data to estimate the relationship between HBC age and length, (3) translate uncertainty in the assignment of individual fish age to resulting estimates of recruitment and abundance from the ASMR model, and (4) evaluate past and present stock assessments considering the available data sources and analyses, recognizing the limitations

  18. Trends in the US hardwood lumber distribution industry: changing products, customers, and services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Urs Buehlmann; Omar Espinoza; Matthew Bumgardner; Bob. Smith

    2010-01-01

    Efficient and effective supply chains are the backbone of any industry, including the forest products industry. As the US secondary hardwood industry has undergone a profound transformation and large parts of the industry have moved offshore, the supply chain is adapting to these new realities. Remaining and new customers of US hardwood lumber distributors tend to be...

  19. Dynamic trend analysis on relational effect of environmental protection industry in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liang Yanju; Yin Xiguo; Tan Zhixiong; Ren Yanyan

    2006-01-01

    EPI (environmental protection industry)and three industries constitute our national economic structure. By Grey SystemTheory and correlation effect analytical method for the first time, this paperanalyzes the relationship degree between environmental protection industry and the three causes including industries involved in China in both qualitative between environmental protection industry and the three causes including industries involved in China in both qualitative and quantitative aspects. Both the innate rule and the realistic reasons of the relational degree are further analyzed by utilizing sustainable development theory,circulating economy theory, ecological equilibrium theory, externality theory,industrial structure theory, and ecology priority rules. From all the analysis, this paper reveals the relationship between EPI and three industries. In addition, it offers suggestions to the feasibility of adjusting the industrial structure and developing the environmental protection industry in our country.

  20. Ningxia update: Government policy and measures for promoting a sustainable wine industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hao Linhai

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The rapidly growing wine industry in the Ningxia region of north-central China had 35,300 ha of wine grapes and 184 registered wineries as of mid-2016. Ningxia's mission is to develop a sustainable wine industry based on small-scale producers and high-quality products in order to distinguish itself from other key regions in China. Government measures over the last two years have included diversifying grape varieties, encouraging vineyard mechanization, awarding cash to medalists in renown wine competitions, subsidizing international wine cooperation and education programs, and promoting local producers through Ningxia wine centers in major Chinese cities. These efforts have significantly improved wine quality, lowered costs and raised Ningxia's image as a region. The good reputation of Ningxia wine is now spreading from the trade to general consumers.

  1. Wastewaters from pulp industry: trends and challengers; Los residuos liquidos en la industrial de celulosa: avances y desafios

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xavier, C.; Vidal, G.

    2003-07-01

    This paper shows the strategy used by the pulp industry in order to reduce the wastewater impact in the environment. The changes in the process technologies has been used as a main strategy by this industry. Also, it has been introduced the primary and secondary treatment. However, environmental impact due to specific compounds like resinic acids,sterols, colour and nutrients are not solved yet: tertiary treatment should be implemented for their solution. (Author) 49 refs.

  2. Stem cell industry update: 2012 to 2016 reveals accelerated investment, but market capitalization and earnings lag.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ng, Mitchell; Song, Simon; Piuzzi, Nicolas S; Ng, Kenneth; Gwam, Chukwuweike; Mont, Michael A; Muschler, George F

    2017-10-01

    Treatments based on stem cells have long been heralded for their potential to drive the future of regenerative medicine and have inspired increasing medical and business interest. The stem cell therapy market has been expanding since 2012, but earnings and profitability still lag the broader health care sector (compounded annual growth rate in annual financing of 31.5% versus 13.4%, respectively). On the basis of historical financial data, approximately $23 billion has been invested in stem cell companies since 1994, with more than 80% of this raised from 2011 through 2016. This reflects a marked acceleration in capital investment, as companies began late-stage clinical trials, initiate partnerships or are acquired by large pharmaceutical companies. All of these data reflect a field that is emerging from infancy, which will demand more time and capital to mature. This update is relevant to researchers, clinicians and investors who wish to quantify the potential in this field. Copyright © 2017 International Society for Cellular Therapy. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. An empirical approach to update multivariate regression models intended for routine industrial use

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garcia-Mencia, M.V.; Andrade, J.M.; Lopez-Mahia, P.; Prada, D. [University of La Coruna, La Coruna (Spain). Dept. of Analytical Chemistry

    2000-11-01

    Many problems currently tackled by analysts are highly complex and, accordingly, multivariate regression models need to be developed. Two intertwined topics are important when such models are to be applied within the industrial routines: (1) Did the model account for the 'natural' variance of the production samples? (2) Is the model stable on time? This paper focuses on the second topic and it presents an empirical approach where predictive models developed by using Mid-FTIR and PLS and PCR hold its utility during about nine months when used to predict the octane number of platforming naphthas in a petrochemical refinery. 41 refs., 10 figs., 1 tab.

  4. Updated projections of radioactive wastes to be generated by the U. S. nuclear power industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kee, C.W.; Croft, A.G.; Blomeke, J.O.

    1976-12-01

    Eleven types of radioactive wastes to be generated within the fuel cycle operations of the U.S. nuclear power industry are defined, and projections are presented of their annual generation rates, shipping requirements, and accumulated characteristics over the remainder of this century. The power reactor complex is assumed to consist of uranium- and plutonium-fueled LWRs, HTGRs, and LMFBRs, and the installed nuclear electric capacity of the U.S. is taken as 68.1, 252, and 510 GW at the ends of calendar years 1980, 1990, and 2000, respectively. 72 tables.

  5. Changes in the North American ferroalloys industry structure and trends in the industry during the past 20 years

    Science.gov (United States)

    Didaleusky, J.R.; Jorgenson, J.D.; Corathers, L.A.; Fenton, M.D.; Kuck, P.H.; Papp, J.F.; Polyak, D.E.; Shedd, Kim B.

    2010-01-01

    This analysis of changes in the North American (Canada, Mexico, and the United States) ferroalloys industry between 1987 and 2007 includes the locations and types of ferroalloy plants in North America and the changes in production, imports, exports, pricing, and the structure of ownership since 1987, which was just prior to the implementation of the North American Free Trade Agreement. Significant events affect the supply of and demand for North American ferroalloys -- changes in end uses, global industry structure, political stability, and technology. Mergers and acquisitions in the ferroalloys industries of North America and their impact on trade are other significant issues in international trade as are antidumping and countervailing duty orders, and trade agreements and policies related to ferroalloys occurring during this period and affecting the North American region. Raw materials and energy supply to the ferroalloy industry, the logistics involved in the trade of North American ferroalloys, and the use of ferroalloys within major downstream industries are also important factors. Emphasis is placed on the bulk ferroalloys—ferrochromium, ferromanganese, ferrosilicon, and silicomanganese. Other ferroalloys investigated include those of boron, molybdenum, nickel, niobium, titanium, tungsten, and vanadium.

  6. Development Trend of Foreign Trade Policy for China’s Forest Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The paper analyzed the current status of foreign trade of forest industry in China and the national and international market changes. Based on the analysis, the orientation and transformation of foreign trade policy for China's forest industry were discussed.

  7. THE INNOVATION ACTIVITY OF INDUSTRIAL ENTERPRISES IN UKRAINE: STATE AND TRENDS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. Miroshnychenko

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The article includes analytical results of innovation activity of Ukrainian industrial enterprises. The enterprise innovation activity level, the level of innovations implementation into the Ukrainian industry has been researched. The dynamics of new innovation products and new technological products put into service, share of the innovation product sold in industrial output has been analysed. The level of the use of different types of innovation by industrial enterprises (marketing, organizational, process and product innovation has been determined. The main sources of finance for innovation activities have been considered. The dividing of innovation activity costs in industrial sector has been considered. The main problems of innovative development of the Ukrainian industry have been determined. The activity of industrial enterprises in Ukraine is characterized by a low level of innovation activity, an insufficient volume of realized innovative products, a low financing of innovation activity. The suggestions, which shall promote the effectiveness of innovation activity of Ukrainian industrial enterprises, have been put forward.

  8. Trends in Food Research and Development: A Survey of the Commercial Food Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-09-01

    industry need to be identified. This report documents a mail survey on food research and development in the commercial food industry . The data...conclusions: (1) food industry research and development budgets are increasing; (2) new product development and new process development remain the thrust...behind research and development in the food industry ; (3) plastic packaging and aseptic packaging of particulates will play major roles in the food

  9. 中国化妆品工业发展趋势%The Development Trends of China Cosmetic Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张殿义

    2001-01-01

    论述了中国化妆品工业的发展状况并总结了所取得的成就。分析了中国化妆品的发展趋 势,指出了化妆品发展的几个趋向,提出了今后化妆品发展的目标与策略。%The development situation of China cosmetic industry is related and the achievements of cosmetic industry are summarized here. The de velopment trends of China cosmetic are analyzed. Meanwhile, several development trends of cosmetic are pointed out, and the development goal and policy of cosmetics are also advanced.

  10. Trends in the energy use in the Mexican industrial sector; Tendencias del uso de la energia en el sector industrial mexicano

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sheinbaum, C. [UNAM, Mexico, D. F. (Mexico); Jauregui, I. [CONAE, Mexico, D. F. (Mexico)

    1995-12-31

    This paper presents an analysis of the trends of the energy use for the industry in Mexico. For the various industrial branches (mining, construction, chemical, sugar, cement, paper and cellulose and glass) the changes in energy intensity (measured as the use of the energy divided by the aggregated value) and in the participation of the same in the industrial Internal Gross Product are presented. This is developed by means of the analysis of Laspeyress exchange indexes. It is found that in most of the industrial branches a reduction of the energy density has been originated. The reasons for the falling of this indicator are structural and of technological change nature, depending on the industrial branch. Nevertheless the classical analysis of the Laspeyress indexes is not sufficient to explain the changes occurred in the energy intensity in the Mexican industry for the last years. [Espanol] Este articulo presenta un analisis de las tendencias del uso de la energia para la industria en Mexico. Para las diversas ramas industriales (mineria, construccion, quimica, azucar, cemento, papel y celulosa y vidrio) se presentan los cambios en la intensidad energetica (medida como uso de la energia entre valor agregado) y en la participacion de las mismas en el Producto Interno Bruto (PIB) industrial. Esto se desarrolla por medio del analisis de indices de cambio de Laspeyress. Se encuentra que en la mayoria de las ramas industriales hubo una disminucion en la intensidad energetica. Las razones de la caida de este indicador son estructurales y de cambio tecnologico dependiendo de la rama industrial. Sin embargo el analisis clasico de los indices de Laspeyress es insuficiente para explicar los cambios ocurridos en la intensidad energetica de la industria mexicana para los ultimos anos.

  11. Identification of new NE-trending deep-seated faults and tectonic pattern updating in northern Tunisia (Mogodos-Bizerte region), insights from field and seismic reflection data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Essid, El Mabrouk; Kadri, Ali; Inoubli, Mohamed Hedi; Zargouni, Fouad

    2016-07-01

    The northern Tunisia is occupied by the Tellian domain constituent the eastern end of the Maghrebides, Alpine fold-thrust belt. Study area includes partially the Tellian domain (Mogodos belt) and its foreland (Bizerte region). Most of this region outcrops consist of Numidian thrust sheet flysch attributed to the lower Oligocene-Burdigalian. In the study area, the major fault systems are still subject of discussion. The Numidian nappe structure, the distribution of basalt and Triassic outcrops within and at the front of this Tellian domain deserve more explanation. In this work we intend to update the structural scheme and the tectonic evolution of the northern Tunisia, taking into account salt tectonics and magmatism. The updated tectonic evolution will be integrated in the geodynamic framework of the Central Mediterranean. For this purpose, we have analyzed morphologic, seismic and structural data. The compilation of the results has allowed the identification of new regional NE-trending faults dipping towards the NW: the Bled el Aouana-Bizerte, the Sejnane-Ras Enjla and the Oued el Harka faults. They correspond to the reactivation of deep-seated normal faults splaying on the Triassic evaporites. This fault system constitutes the main component of the northern Tunisia structural scheme and has influenced its tectonic evolution marked by the main following stages. The Tellian thrust-sheets were immobilized at the uppermost Langhian. During the major Tortonian NW-trending compressive phase, these faults were reactivated with reverse kinematics and controlled the distribution of the post-nappes Neogene continental deposits. At the early Pleistocene, a compressive NNW-trending event has reactivated again these faults with sinistral-reverse movements and deformed the post-nappes Neogene series. Late Quaternary to Actual, the tectonic regime continues to be compressive with a NNW-trending maximum horizontal stress.

  12. The importance of patents to innovation: updated cross-industry comparisons with biopharmaceuticals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cockburn, Iain; Long, Genia

    2015-07-01

    Patents have long been considered essential incentives to foster innovation, particularly the development of new prescription drugs, due to the lengthy, costly, and risky nature of the research and development (R&D) process as compared to the lower levels of investment and risk associated with generic drug entry. Compared with other forms of intellectual property protection (such as trade secrets, trademarks, and copyrights) and strategic complementary assets (such as lead time, sales and service, and manufacturing advantages), researchers focused on the US since the 1980s consistently have found patents to be relatively more important to R&D in pharmaceuticals than in other industries. Despite many changes in the market and patent landscape, the most recent data from government surveys and annual surveys of licensing professionals continue to find differential and high importance of patents to biopharmaceutical innovation.

  13. Assessing U.S. ESCO industry performance and market trends: Results from the NAESCO database project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Osborn, Julie; Goldman, Chuck; Hopper, Nicole; Singer, Terry

    2002-05-15

    The U.S. Energy Services Company (ESCO) industry is often cited as the most successful model for the private sector delivery of energy-efficiency services. This study documents actual performance of the ESCO industry in order to provide policymakers and investors with objective informative and customers with a resource for benchmarking proposed projects relative to industry performance. We have assembled a database of nearly 1500 case studies of energy-efficiency projects - the most comprehensive data set of the U.S. ESCO industry available. These projects include $2.55B of work completed by 51 ESCOs and span much of the history of this industry.

  14. December 2012 Policy Update: School Climate and Bully Prevention Trends State-by-State Assessment. School Climate Brief, Number 6

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bellizio, Dan

    2012-01-01

    This December 2012 Brief updates NSCC's 2011 report "State Policies on School Climate and Bully Prevention Efforts: Challenges and Opportunities for Deepening State Policy Support for Safe and Civil School"s (www.schoolclimate.org/climate/papers-briefs.php). This Brief provides a summary of State level: (1) anti-bullying legislation; (2)…

  15. Assessment Update: Progress, Trends, and Practices in Higher Education. Volume 25, Issue 5, September-October 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banta, Trudy W., Ed.

    2013-01-01

    This issue of "Assessment Update" presents the following articles: (1) Through the Rearview Looking Glass: Collaborative Writing and the Accreditation Self-Study; (2) Editor's Notes: Another Glimpse of Evaluation in China; (3) Assessment Is Not a Spectator Sport: Experiencing Authentic Assessment in the Classroom; (4) Faculty Development…

  16. Temporal trends and spatial variation characteristics of primary air pollutants emissions from coal-fired industrial boilers in Beijing, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xue, Yifeng; Tian, Hezhong; Yan, Jing; Zhou, Zhen; Wang, Junling; Nie, Lei; Pan, Tao; Zhou, Junrui; Hua, Shenbing; Wang, Yong; Wu, Xiaoqing

    2016-06-01

    Coal-fired combustion is recognized as a significant anthropogenic source of atmospheric compounds in Beijing, causing heavy air pollution events and associated deterioration in visibility. Obtaining an accurate understanding of the temporal trends and spatial variation characteristics of emissions from coal-fired industrial combustion is essential for predicting air quality changes and evaluating the effectiveness of current control measures. In this study, an integrated emission inventory of primary air pollutants emitted from coal-fired industrial boilers in Beijing is developed for the period of 2007-2013 using a technology-based approach. Future emission trends are projected through 2030 based on current energy-related and emission control policies. Our analysis shows that there is a general downward trend in primary air pollutants emissions because of the implementation of stricter local emission standards and the promotion by the Beijing municipal government of converting from coal-fired industrial boilers to gas-fired boilers. However, the ratio of coal consumed by industrial boilers to total coal consumption has been increasing, raising concerns about the further improvement of air quality in Beijing. Our estimates indicate that the total emissions of PM10, PM2.5, SO2, NOx, CO and VOCs from coal-fired industrial boilers in Beijing in 2013 are approximately 19,242 t, 13,345 t, 26,615 t, 22,965 t, 63,779 t and 1406 t, respectively. Under the current environmental policies and relevant energy savings and emission control plans, it may be possible to reduce NOx and other air pollutant emissions by 94% and 90% by 2030, respectively, if advanced flue gas purification technologies are implemented and coal is replaced with natural gas in the majority of existing boilers.

  17. Work injury trends during the last three decades in the construction industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lander, Flemming; Nielsen, Kent Jacob; Lauritsen, Jens

    2016-01-01

    Objectives: The aim was to analyze injury trends according to age, severity, work activity and business cycle in the construction sector. Methods: From 1980 to 2010 a total of 23.464 work related injuries were treated at the emergency department at Odense University Hospital. The annual incidences...... were calculated. Employment levels in the construction sector were used as an indicator of fluctuations in the business cycle since 1980. Results: Through the last three decades the overall trend of work-related injuries was unchanged. For some subgroups of injuries, such as major injuries and injuries...... due to young workers use of small powered tools significant downward trends were seen, but trends within different age groups of workers were unchanged and young workers have at least twice the risk compared to older workers. The fluctuations in work injury trends among workers under 30 years of age...

  18. Changes and Trends in the Pallet Industry: The Use of New Wood Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robert J. Bush; Philip A. Araman

    1998-01-01

    Wood has dominated the pallet industry as its principal raw material since palletized material handling began. Pallet production and use grew dramatically after World War II and wood remained the material of choice. Throughout this period the pallet industry has been an important market for lower grades of hardwood lumber and cants. Today, the demand for pallet grade...

  19. An overview of industrial tree plantation conflicts in the global South: conflicts, trends, and resistance struggles

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    W. Overbeek (Wilfridus); M. Kröger (Markus); J. Gerber (Julien-François)

    2012-01-01

    markdownabstractOver the past two decades, industrial tree plantations (ITPs), typically large-scale, intensively managed, even-age monoculture plantations, mostly exotic trees like fast-growing eucalyptus, pine and acacia species, but also rubber and oil palm, all destined for industrial processe s

  20. FORMATION OF TOBACCO BUSINESS IN THE INDUSTRY OF RUSSIA: BACKGROUND AND TRENDS

    OpenAIRE

    Dikov V. V.

    2014-01-01

    The article discusses the scientific aspects of the development of the economy of tobacco industry in Russia. We have presented the results of research of corporation researches in the tobacco industry; we have justified the solutions of improvement of the effectiveness of the tobacco production

  1. Current Situation and Development Trend of the Sugarcane Industry in Indonesia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wenhui; PU

    2015-01-01

    Sugarcane is one of important crops in Indonesia. In this paper,the sugarcane production,sugar industry development,sugar consumption,sugar import and export business and related management policies are all be summarized. In the meantime,the future prospect of the sugarcane industry is expounded.

  2. An overview of industrial tree plantation conflicts in the global South: conflicts, trends, and resistance struggles

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    W. Overbeek (Wilfridus); M. Kröger (Markus); J. Gerber (Julien-François)

    2012-01-01

    markdownabstractOver the past two decades, industrial tree plantations (ITPs), typically large-scale, intensively managed, even-age monoculture plantations, mostly exotic trees like fast-growing eucalyptus, pine and acacia species, but also rubber and oil palm, all destined for industrial processe s

  3. Recent Trends in Human Resource Development. Japanese Industrial Relations Series 17.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amaya, Tadashi

    This paper discusses human resources development (HRD) in Japanese industry. Chapter I addresses changing industrial and occupational structures as a foundation for planning and constructing management strategy, especially for business restructuring. The actual situation regarding business diversification is considered, and an attempt is made to…

  4. U.S. Billion-Ton Update: Biomass Supply for a Bioenergy and Bioproducts Industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Downing, Mark [ORNL; Eaton, Laurence M [ORNL; Graham, Robin Lambert [ORNL; Langholtz, Matthew H [ORNL; Perlack, Robert D [ORNL; Turhollow Jr, Anthony F [ORNL; Stokes, Bryce [Navarro Research & Engineering; Brandt, Craig C [ORNL

    2011-08-01

    The report, Biomass as Feedstock for a Bioenergy and Bioproducts Industry: The Technical Feasibility of a Billion-Ton Annual Supply (generally referred to as the Billion-Ton Study or 2005 BTS), was an estimate of 'potential' biomass based on numerous assumptions about current and future inventory, production capacity, availability, and technology. The analysis was made to determine if conterminous U.S. agriculture and forestry resources had the capability to produce at least one billion dry tons of sustainable biomass annually to displace 30% or more of the nation's present petroleum consumption. An effort was made to use conservative estimates to assure confidence in having sufficient supply to reach the goal. The potential biomass was projected to be reasonably available around mid-century when large-scale biorefineries are likely to exist. The study emphasized primary sources of forest- and agriculture-derived biomass, such as logging residues, fuel treatment thinnings, crop residues, and perennially grown grasses and trees. These primary sources have the greatest potential to supply large, reliable, and sustainable quantities of biomass. While the primary sources were emphasized, estimates of secondary residue and tertiary waste resources of biomass were also provided. The original Billion-Ton Resource Assessment, published in 2005, was divided into two parts-forest-derived resources and agriculture-derived resources. The forest resources included residues produced during the harvesting of merchantable timber, forest residues, and small-diameter trees that could become available through initiatives to reduce fire hazards and improve forest health; forest residues from land conversion; fuelwood extracted from forests; residues generated at primary forest product processing mills; and urban wood wastes, municipal solid wastes (MSW), and construction and demolition (C&D) debris. For these forest resources, only residues, wastes, and small

  5. U.S. Billion-Ton Update: Biomass Supply for a Bioenergy and Bioproducts Industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Downing, Mark [ORNL; Eaton, Laurence M [ORNL; Graham, Robin Lambert [ORNL; Langholtz, Matthew H [ORNL; Perlack, Robert D [ORNL; Turhollow Jr, Anthony F [ORNL; Stokes, Bryce [Navarro Research & Engineering; Brandt, Craig C [ORNL

    2011-08-01

    The report, Biomass as Feedstock for a Bioenergy and Bioproducts Industry: The Technical Feasibility of a Billion-Ton Annual Supply (generally referred to as the Billion-Ton Study or 2005 BTS), was an estimate of 'potential' biomass based on numerous assumptions about current and future inventory, production capacity, availability, and technology. The analysis was made to determine if conterminous U.S. agriculture and forestry resources had the capability to produce at least one billion dry tons of sustainable biomass annually to displace 30% or more of the nation's present petroleum consumption. An effort was made to use conservative estimates to assure confidence in having sufficient supply to reach the goal. The potential biomass was projected to be reasonably available around mid-century when large-scale biorefineries are likely to exist. The study emphasized primary sources of forest- and agriculture-derived biomass, such as logging residues, fuel treatment thinnings, crop residues, and perennially grown grasses and trees. These primary sources have the greatest potential to supply large, reliable, and sustainable quantities of biomass. While the primary sources were emphasized, estimates of secondary residue and tertiary waste resources of biomass were also provided. The original Billion-Ton Resource Assessment, published in 2005, was divided into two parts-forest-derived resources and agriculture-derived resources. The forest resources included residues produced during the harvesting of merchantable timber, forest residues, and small-diameter trees that could become available through initiatives to reduce fire hazards and improve forest health; forest residues from land conversion; fuelwood extracted from forests; residues generated at primary forest product processing mills; and urban wood wastes, municipal solid wastes (MSW), and construction and demolition (C&D) debris. For these forest resources, only residues, wastes, and small

  6. Empirical analyses on the development trend of non-ferrous metal industry under China’s new normal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, C. X.; Liu, C. X.; Zhang, Q. L.

    2017-08-01

    The CGE model of Yunnan’s macro economy was constructed based on the input-output data of Yunnan in 2012, and the development trend of the non-ferrous metals industry (NMI) under the China’s new normal was simulated. In view of this, according to different expected economic growth, and optimized economic structure, the impact on development of Yunnan NMI was simulated. The results show that the NMI growth rate is expected to decline when the economic growth show a downward trend, but the change of the proportion is relatively small. Moreover, the structure in proportion was adjusted to realize the economic structure optimization, while the proportion of NMI in GDP will decline. In contrast, the biggest influence on the NMI is the change of economic structure. From the statistics of last two years, we can see that NMI is growing, and at the same time, its proportion is declining, which is consistent with the results of simulation. But the adjustment of economic structure will take a long time. It is need to improve the proportion of deep-processing industry, extend the industrial chain, enhance the value chain, so as to be made good use of resource advantage.

  7. THE SPATIAL DIVISION OF INDUSTRIES OF THE PEARL RIVER DELTA IN THE 1990s: CHARACTERISTICS AND TRENDS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    The article analyzed the spatial division of industries of the Pearl River Delta (PRD) in the 1990s, a period that witnessed the deepening of the reform and opening policies and continued rapid development of the region. By adopting the index of specialization, the extent of specialization, its change and its spatial distribution in the region are measured and demonstrated.The research revealed that, despite the trend of more balanced development of the secondary sector between the PRD and the rest of the province, in the PRD, it is the unbalanced development that dominated and the spatial division of the secondary sector has been shaped. The tertiary industry has also been experiencing unbalance development and the spatial division of the tertiary sector has been emerging, its extent of concentration appearing even more evident than that of the secondary sector. The author also discussed the linkage between the spatial division of the two sectors. In the end of the paper, the trends of the spatial division of the industries in the PRD are forecasted.

  8. New Trends Of Development Of Beer Industry In Lithuania - Diversification And Social Responsibility

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Vladislavas Petraškevičius; Zlatko Nedelko

    2017-01-01

    ... on diversification strategy and social responsibility. The main challenges of Lithuanian beer industry are related to finding ways of future development in a constantly contracting market, as well as to find a competitive strategy of market penetration...

  9. Trends in the Food and Beverage Sector of the Hospitality Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Melia, Detta

    2011-01-01

    The hospitality sector in Ireland represents an important part of the tourism industry and comprises hotels, restaurants, pubs and clubs, guesthouses and self-catering operations. The largest component within the Irish hospitality sector is hotels. In addition to hotels, food and beverage operations comprise a significant proportion of the industry. These businesses operate in a highly competitive environment as a consequence of a number of factors. First, there is a downturn in the global an...

  10. Probing into the Development Trends of Coal Chemical Industry, Refining Industry and Chemical Industry Integration%煤油化一体化发展趋势探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孥赤宏; 高敏惠

    2012-01-01

    与国外相比,我国煤化工产业虽起步较晚,但发展迅速,煤制烯烃、煤制油和煤制乙二醇等技术已处于世界领先地位。由于煤化工是资金和技术高度集中的产业,且受煤炭资源、水资源、资金、技术、环保法规等制约,因此发展建设时必须考虑经济性、碳排放、水资源、产品选择等诸方面因素。煤油化一体化可实现煤炭一清洁燃料一化工产品的协调发展,对于促进我国煤炭资源合理高效利用具有现实意义。%Compared with foreign coal chemical industry, although China's coal chemical industry began late, it developed fast. The technologies such as coal-to-olefin process, coal liquefaction process and coal-to-ethylene glycol process have been at world advanced position. Because coal funds and technologies are highly concentrated in coal chemical industry and the industry is restricted by coal resources, water resources, funds, technologies and environmental protection laws and regulations, various factors such as economics, carbon emission and water resources should be considered when development and construction are carried out. Coal chemical industry, refining industry and chemical industry integration can realize the coordinated development of coal, clean fuels and chemical products, having practical significance to promote rational and high-efficient utilization of China's coal resources.

  11. 产业经济学及相关领域的前沿问题研究——第七届产业经济学与经济理论国际研讨会观点综述%Trends of Industrial Economics and Related Fields-- Summary of the 7th International Conference on Industry Economics and Economic Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹莉; 刘国亮; 臧旭恒

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, we try to review and summarize the main academic contributions of papers submitted in the 7th international conference on industry economics and economic theory held in 2012, concerning the update progress of game theory, trends of emerging industries, theoretic analysis on industrial economy of internet-related industries, enterprise competitive innovations under evolvements of monopoly and competition as well as some industrial and economic theories and practice in related fields both domestically and abroad, etc. In general, the frontiers of industrial economic and economic theories from current domestic and international researchers are involved in this paper.%本文对第七届产业经济学与经济理论国际研讨会的主要学术观点进行了综述。涉及博弈论研究方法的最新进展,新兴产业发展趋势,以及与互联网产业相关的产业经济分析,垄断与竞争新形势下企业竞争策略的创新,国内外产业经济学相关领域的理论和现实研究等内容,反映了当前国内外产业经济学研究的最新进展和动态。

  12. A Review of Wireless Sensor Technologies and Applications in Agriculture and Food Industry: State of the Art and Current Trends

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ignacio Robla

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present paper is to review the technical and scientific state of the art of wireless sensor technologies and standards for wireless communications in the Agri-Food sector. These technologies are very promising in several fields such as environmental monitoring, precision agriculture, cold chain control or traceability. The paper focuses on WSN (Wireless Sensor Networks and RFID (Radio Frequency Identification, presenting the different systems available, recent developments and examples of applications, including ZigBee based WSN and passive, semi-passive and active RFID. Future trends of wireless communications in agriculture and food industry are also discussed.

  13. Do We Invest Less Time in Children? Trends in Parental Time in Selected Industrialized Countries Since the 1960's

    OpenAIRE

    Anne H. Gauthier; Timothy M. Smeeding; Frank F. Furstenberg, Jr.

    2004-01-01

    This paper examines trends in parental time in selected industrialized countries since the 1960s using time-use survey data. Despite the time pressures to which today’s families are confronted, parents appear to be devoting more time to children than they did some 40 years ago. Results also suggest a decrease in the differences between fathers and mothers in time devoted to children. Mothers continue to devote more time to childcare than fathers, but the gender gap has been reduced. These res...

  14. Trends that will affect your future ... The illness profit industry and national security.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwartz, Stephan A

    2009-01-01

    The SchwartzReport tracks emerging trends that will affect the world, particularly the United States. For EXPLORE, it focuses on matters of health in the broadest sense of that term, including medical issues, changes in the biosphere, technology, and policy considerations, all of which will shape our culture and our lives.

  15. Hot Spots and Trends in Developing China's Tourism Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    It is stated in China's Tourism Development from 2002 to 2004: Analysis and Prediction, written by experts organized by Research Center of Tourism of China Academy of Social Science that eight hot spots have arisen and future trends in Chinese tourism development has been embodied in eight aspects since 2002.

  16. 2014 U.S. Offshore Wind Market Report: Industry Trends, Technology Advancement, and Cost Reduction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Smith, Aaron; Stehly, Tyler; Walter Musial

    2015-09-29

    2015 has been an exciting year for the U.S. offshore wind market. After more than 15 years of development work, the U.S. has finally hit a crucial milestone; Deepwater Wind began construction on the 30 MW Block Island Wind Farm (BIWF) in April. A number of other promising projects, however, have run into economic, legal, and political headwinds, generating much speculation about the future of the industry. This slow, and somewhat painful, start to the industry is not without precedent; each country in northern Europe began with pilot-scale, proof-of-concept projects before eventually moving to larger commercial scale installations. Now, after more than a decade of commercial experience, the European industry is set to achieve a new deployment record, with more than 4 GW expected to be commissioned in 2015, with demonstrable progress towards industry-wide cost reduction goals. DWW is leveraging 25 years of European deployment experience; the BIWF combines state-of-the-art technologies such as the Alstom 6 MW turbine with U.S. fabrication and installation competencies. The successful deployment of the BIWF will provide a concrete showcase that will illustrate the potential of offshore wind to contribute to state, regional, and federal goals for clean, reliable power and lasting economic development. It is expected that this initial project will launch the U.S. industry into a phase of commercial development that will position offshore wind to contribute significantly to the electric systems in coastal states by 2030.

  17. New Trends of Development of Beer Industry in Lithuania – Diversification and Social Responsibility

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladislavas Petraškevičius

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of this article is to outline the current challenges of beer industry in Lithuania and provide suggestions for future development of organizations in this industry, by focusing on diversification strategy and social responsibility. The main challenges of Lithuanian beer industry are related to finding ways of future development in a constantly contracting market, as well as to find a competitive strategy of market penetration. In connection of these challenges, product differentiation creates new benefits for the consumers. However this strategy proves itself not being sufficient to reach the desired goals. Diversification of portfolio, being more risky, gives opportunity to target new customer groups and increase market presence. However, both strategies are less effective without changing the culture of drinking and consumer perceptions of beer. These issues will be addressed through the lenses of social responsibility, by emphasizing the promotion of responsible alcohol consumption and responsible behaviour of beer industry. As a result, the customers have to be ready to pay higher price for new products and develop a more responsible culture of beer consumption. To overcome outlined challenges, organizations in Lithuanian beer industry, must rethink their existing strategies and operations. Based on proposed future directions, the paper provides suggestions for business practices, how to implement differentiation strategy and actions in order to increase the level of social responsibility of various stakeholders.

  18. Health Plans - Trend Reports

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — This page contains several useful trend and competition indicators. Certain files will be updated monthly while others will be updated quarterly. The files are the...

  19. Publication Trend of Clinical Trials with Negative Results Funded by Pharmaceutical Industries for the 2007-2012 Period

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evert A. Jiménez-Cotes

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Objective: To evaluate the results of clinical trials financed by the pharmaceutical industries during the period 2007-2012 in a general medical journal. Materials and methods: We performed an observational cross sectional study where originals clinical trials financed by the pharmaceutical industry published between 2007 and 2012 in the journal The New England Journal of Medicine (http://www.nejm.org were reviewed. Trend Chi2 test was used to evaluate the results of studies over the years. A database was created with different variables, identifying the number of publications and the period of greater publishing negatives studies, as well as the medical specialty and pharmaceutical industry funding. Results: 321 clinical trials were analyzed. The Odds Ratio was calculated for each year evaluated, finding a Chi2 of linear trend in negatives studies of 2.91 with value p 0.08 and positive studies of 1.16 with value p 0.28. It was found that in the period 2007-2009 123 studies were published, 40 % of which presented negative results; unlike the 2010-2012 period in which 198 clinical trials where published, 142 of them, showed positive results, OR 1.68, 95 % CI (1.02-2.78 value p 0.03. The highest figures of negative results were published in 2007: 44.7 %. Conclusions: A progressive decrease in the number of publications with annual general negative results has been observed. A statistically significant difference in the publication of negative studies per year was not found between the periods 2007-2012. The medical specialty that showed the largest number of total and negative publications in both periods was cardiology. The pharmaceutical industry that sponsored most total clinical trials with negative results in both periods did so through Merck, Glaxo SmithKline, and Sanofi-Aventis. 50% of neurology publications showed negative results.

  20. POTENTIAL AND FUTURE TRENDS ON INDUSTRIAL RADIATION PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY APPLICATION IN EMERGING COUNTRY - BRAZIL

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sampa, M.H.O.; Omi, N.M.; Rela, C.S.; Tsai, D.

    2004-10-06

    Brazil started the use of radiation technology in the seventies on crosslinking polyethylene for insulation of wire and electronic cables and sterilization of medical care devices. The present status of industrial applications of radiation shows that the use of this technology is increasing according to the economical development and the necessity to become the products manufactured in the local industries competitive in quality and price for internal and external market. The on going development activities in this area are concentrated on polymers processing (materials modification), foodstuff treatment and environmental protection. The development, the promotion and the technical support to consolidate this technology to the local industries is the main attribution of Institute for Energetic and Nuclear Research-IPEN, a governmental Institution.

  1. Market trends in the U.S. ESCO industry: Results from the NAESCO database project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goldman, Charles A.; Osborn, Julie G.; Hopper, Nicole C.; Singer, Terry E.

    2002-05-01

    The U.S. Energy Services Company (ESCO) industry is often cited as the most successful model for the private sector delivery of energy-efficiency services. This study documents actual performance of the ESCO industry in order to provide policymakers and investors with objective information and customers with a resource for benchmarking proposed projects relative to industry performance. We have assembled a database of nearly 1500 case studies of energy-efficiency projects-the most comprehensive data set of the U.S. ESCO industry available. These projects include $2.55B of work completed by 51 ESCOs and span much of the history of this industry. We estimate that the ESCO industry completed $1.8-2.1B of projects in 2000. The industry has grown rapidly over the last decade with revenues increasing at a 24% annualized rate. We summarize and compare project characteristics and costs and analyze energy savings, including the relationship between predicted and actual savings. ESCOs typically invested about $2.30/ft{sup 2} per project in various energy efficiency improvements, although there is large variation in project costs within and across market segments. We find that lighting-only projects report median electricity savings of 47% of targeted equipment consumption; the median for lighting-&-non-lighting projects is 23% of the total electric bill baseline. We examine project economics, including project net benefits, benefit/cost ratio and simple payback time. Median simple payback time is seven years for institutional sector projects and three years in the private sector. We estimate direct economic benefits of $1.62 billion for the 1080 projects in our database with both cost and savings data. The median benefit/cost ratio is 2.1 for 309 private sector projects and 1.6 for 771 institutional sector projects. We discuss the role of policies and programs adopted by state/federal legislatures and agencies that have played an important role in stimulating ESCO activity

  2. Quality of gourmand products and services and modern trends in restaurant industry

    OpenAIRE

    Ćirić Nata; Đenadić Miroljub; Muhi Bela; Jovanović Dušan

    2014-01-01

    Improving Hotel offers by introducing different contents and services (swimming pools, bars, conference rooms, specialized restaurants, diverse and attractive cuisine), with strategic and holistic approach to the hotel - tourist activities, can lead to increased tourist traffic and tourist spending. The modern touristic demand is very critical and sophisticated, particularly in the terms of content and new culinary trends. Religious customs, traditions and different ways of living, vegetarian...

  3. Significant Trends Are Now Reshaping the Industry Training for Foodservice and Hospitality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reiman, Tyrus

    1984-01-01

    The hospitality industry is one that is not adversely affected by the information revolution. As tourism is stimulated by government economic development efforts, opportunities in the food service and hospitality occupations are increasing, both for the young and for the unemployed who need retraining. (SK)

  4. Targeting U.S. Technologies: A Trend Analysis of Reporting from Defense Industry 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-16

    involving attempts to intrude or “ hack ” into the defense industrial base’s computer systems or networks originated from East Asia and the Pacifi c...easily mask IP addresses, utilize freely available anonymous proxies, or launch attacks from any of the open WiFi hotspots across the globe. These

  5. Trends in the organization of drug research : Interfacing industry and universities

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meijer, D.K F; Wilting, J

    1997-01-01

    This article shortly describes some of the current social, political and scientific developments that are considered to be of relevance for the future organization of drug research in Europe. Attention is paid to the social-political changes that affect the academic and industrial research teams. Th

  6. Trends in the organization of drug research : Interfacing industry and universities

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meijer, D.K F; Wilting, J

    This article shortly describes some of the current social, political and scientific developments that are considered to be of relevance for the future organization of drug research in Europe. Attention is paid to the social-political changes that affect the academic and industrial research teams.

  7. Electricity industry development trends and the environmental programs in the Czech Republic

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Karas, P. [CEZ, Prague (Czechoslovakia)

    1995-12-01

    The process of industrialization in the Czech Republic, which is more intensive than in other parts of central Europe, has been under way since the mid-nineteenth century. Over the last 40 years, large-scale industrial activity was based on extensive use of domestic primary energy sources, especially brown-coal/lignite. The escalation of this usage inflicted heavy devastation to large portions of industrial zones and, as a result, worsened living conditions through atmospheric pollution and other environmental impacts in large regions of central Europe. The Czech electricity industry and CEZ, a.s. (the nation`s principal electricity generator, responsible for meeting eighty percent of national electricity demand, and operator of the nationwide EHV transmission system) has been challenged to cope with all environmental issues by the end of 1997, in compliance with the strict limits set by the Clean Air Act of 1991, which are comparable to standard implemented in advanced industrial countries. A review of the critical environmental issues is presented and the role of the individual and of the State is analyzed. The approach of CEZ, a.s., towards a better natural environment and its response to legal environment provisions have been incorporated into the company`s development program. It comprises decommissioning the most obsolete fossil-fuel fired power stations; rehabilitation of thermal power plants; supplementing the coal/lignite-fired units selected for future operation with FGD systems and retrofitting them with DENOX equipment; a larger share of nuclear electricity generation after the completion of the Temelin NPP (2 units of 1000MW each) and, last but not least, initiating DSM (demand-side management) programs of energy-electricity savings in the Czech Republic.

  8. The Swiss automobile industry - Situation, structure, trends, challenges and chances; Automobilindustrie Schweiz. Branchenanalyse 2008

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schulze, A.

    2008-07-01

    This paper presented at the Swiss 2008 research conference on traffic takes a look at the situation of the Swiss automobile industry in 2008. The results of the study are presented and include figures on the automobile industry, its history, structure, turn-over, employment and its position from the international point of view. Research and development in the sector, investments and challenges faced are discussed. The products and services offered are looked at and the relevant strategies examined. The sector's competitive environment and possibilities for growth are looked at and the advantages offered by strategic partnerships and geographical location are noted. Finally, interviews with important actors in the business are presented.

  9. Trends in utilization of agro-industrial byproducts for production of bacteriocins and their biopreservative applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bali, Vandana; Panesar, Parmjit S; Bera, Manab B

    2016-01-01

    Bacteriocins are proteinaceous, ribosomally synthesized bio-molecules having major roles in food preservation due to their antimicrobial action against food spoilage microorganisms. These have gained importance in the last decades because of increasing interest in natural products and their applications in the field of biopreservation, pharmaceutical, aquaculture, livestock, etc. Their production is quite expensive which includes the cost of synthetic media and downstream processing of which 30% of the total production cost relies on synthetic media and nutritional supplements used for growth of microorganisms. The low cost agro-industrial by-products, rich in nutritional supplements, can act as a good substitute for high valued synthetic media. This review provides comprehensive information on the use of cost effective, renewable agro-industrial by-products as substrates for the production of bacteriocins and their application in food as biopreservatives.

  10. Trends in high performance compressors for petrochemical and natural gas industry in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Yuanyang; Li, Liansheng

    2015-08-01

    Compressors are the key equipment in the petrochemical and natural gas industry system. The performance and reliability of them are very important for the process system. The application status of petrochemical & natural gas compressors in China is presented in this paper. The present status of design and operating technologies of compressors in China are mentioned in this paper. The turbo, reciprocating and twin screw compressors are discussed. The market demands for different structure compressors in process gas industries are analysed. This paper also introduces the research and developments for high performance compressors in China. The recent research results on efficiency improvement methods, stability improvement, online monitor and fault diagnosis will also be presented in details.

  11. Federal Research and Development Contract Trends and the Supporting Industrial Base, 2000-2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-04-30

    Department of Health and Human Services The R&D contracting portfolio of the HHS has diversified notably in recent years. In 2000, Basic Research...been fears that the sharp downturn in federal contract obligations would disproportionately impact the R&D contracting portfolios within individual...329 - contracting portfolios , and the industrial base that supports those efforts, within each R&D contracting agency. The main finding of this

  12. Trends of House Construction and Wood Industries after the Asian Economic Crisis in Korea 

    OpenAIRE

    Choi, Soo Im; Sakai, Masahiro; Okamori, Akinori; Kang, Hag Mo

    2002-01-01

    The economic crisis of Korea occurred from the second half of 1997 had direct and serious influence all over the domestic economy. This study considered what influence change of the housing construction that determines wood demand, and the exchange rate that are the main causes of an economic crisis had on timber supply and demand structure or wood industrial structure. In results, rapid dullness of the housing construction activity under an economic crisis brought about the big reduction of ...

  13. Regulatory and Other Trends Relevant to Acquisition and Planning for the Future Defense Industrial Base

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-01

    Acquisition and Planning for the Future Defense Industrial Base 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) 5d. PROJECT...expanding  SB 484 and 1379 -- CA, 2005 and 2006, disclosure of chemicals in cosmetics and US’s first bio-monitoring program cataloguing human exposure to...Biomonitoring shows bioaccumulation of chemicals in humans and animal kingdom  New understanding of intergenerational effects  Public/worker

  14. Automation and control trends in the upstream sector of the oil industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Plucenio, Agustinho; Pagano, Daniel J. [Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC), Florianopolis, SC (Brazil). Programa de Recursos Humanos da ANP em Automacao, Controle e Instrumentacao para a Industria do Petroleo e Gas, PRH-34

    2004-07-01

    The need to continuously improve the aspects of Health, Safety and Environment to operators, installation's security, optimization of oil reservoir recovery in wells operating with different artificial lift methods, subject to different secondary recovery techniques, has motivated the development of technologies in the automation and control for the upstream sector of the oil industry. While the application of control and automation techniques is well established in the downstream sector of the oil industry that is not the case in the downstream sector. One tendency in this sector is the utilization of control via Field bus Networks. This technology uses equipment that communicate with each other in a two wire digital network and can be programmed to execute function blocks algorithms designed to perform a designed control strategy. The most noticeable benefits are the improvements in the process performance and the equipment reusability and interoperability. Proprietary solutions can be replaced by systems composed of equipment supplied by different manufacturers connected in the same network. These equipment operate according to a strategy designed by automation and control engineers under the supervision of professionals working in computer terminals located in different company departments. Other gains are a better understanding about the industry processes, application of optimization techniques, fault detection, equipment maintenance follow-up, and improved operators working conditions and workers qualification. Other tendencies are: permanent well monitoring. Either with installation of down hole sensors based on fiber grating sensors or surface sensors using embedded electronic processors. Developments of instrumentation technology for low cost multiphase flow measurements. Application of control techniques for flow regime control and optimization of reservoir recovery through better identification, optimization and Model Based Predictive Control

  15. Mapping the e-business profile and trends in cost management in the UK construction industry

    OpenAIRE

    Perera, Srinath; Park, Rachael; Udeaja, Chika; Zhou, Lei, L; Rodrigo, Anushi

    2012-01-01

    The advancement of e-business applications and IT infrastructure has had massive impact on construction business processes over the last decade. The added effects of globalisation coupled with global economic recession have forced businesses to implement e-business applications within their organisations. It is clear in all industries, that e-business technologies have become a key strategic vehicle in improving performance. In Construction, e-business applications complement most of the busi...

  16. Analysis of technological and competitive trends of weight reduction in high speed rolling stock industry

    OpenAIRE

    Prieto Moneo, Álvaro

    2016-01-01

    The incorporation to the transport of passengers sector of the high speed industry is preceded by a global society, which requires the possibility to travel quickly, comfortably and efficiently, imposing the current attitude of the concern with the environment. The development of the rail sector over recent decades, and especially in recent years, along with the technological development has allowed the formation of a network of high speed lines around the greatest part of the planet. Due...

  17. Overview Smart Hotel di Indonesia yang Merupakan Trend Baru dalam Industri Perhotelan

    OpenAIRE

    Maria Pia Adiati

    2011-01-01

    Nowadays we can find out many taglines featuring the word Smart Hotel or Smart Traveler. Smart traveler is those who travel in a smart way. We called it smart because they choose the accomodation and the transportation wisely, in accordance with requirements and budget. Meanwhile Smart Hotel tagline comes up since there are many smart travelers who travel a lot to the cities around the world. Smart Hotels are hotels who try to accommodate the current market demands. The latest trend for the t...

  18. [Work and health in the Mexican "maquiladora" industry: a dominant trend in dominated neoliberalism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villegas; Noriega; Martínez

    1997-01-01

    This paper discusses health and working conditions of workers in the export-oriented "maquiladora" industry in Mexico. The work is intensive and performed mostly by women. It is the country's second largest source of foreign exchange. The "maquiladora" industry illustrates the effect of neoliberalism on working and health conditions, unveiling the impact of overall flexibilization of labor and growing technological changes. The situation for risks and demands is complex. Taylorist demands persist in work organization, with multiple chemical risks and probable effects beyond the workplace. There are also demands from repetition strain and uncomfortable positions. Effects on workers' health include high morbidity rates as reflected by demands on the social health/welfare services, some two to four times greater than for other industrial workers. There is a high percentage of stress-related illnesses as the reason for medical consultation. There are also effects on workers' families. Low birthweight is 2.8 times higher in women who work in the "maquila" than in other labor groups. Work-related accidents are common, the second most frequent cause for medical consultation in some cases. The analysis identifies some of the tendencies in which workers' health could be important in coming years for large contingents of workers.

  19. COMPARISON OF TRENDS IN RISK MANAGEMENT THEORY AND PRACTICES WITHIN THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dena Crnković

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This study considered the problem of understanding and use of risk management methods in construction projects and their representation in the literature and their practical application. Research of trends in risk management was conducted using studies from the EBSCO database that were published in the period from 1999 to 2015. The focus included the development of two terms, namely traditional and holistic approach to risk management as well as to uncertainty and opportunity management. The trend of leading standards in the field of project management, PMBoK and ISO 31000 indicated full support for the modernization of risk management that focused on the risks as well as potential opportunities in the project. The findings also revealed that the global practices continued to lack awareness of risk management and its benefits for project goals. A similar situation was found in Croatia by observing project management practices in two case studies, namely Project Zagrebačka obala in Rijeka and a Project of SEECEL Zagreb. Primarily, the lack of education and communication between experts are important issues requiring attention in practice and academics. It is necessary to gradually introduce standards over time to prepare for progress in managing uncertainties and adopting more holistic approaches.

  20. Trends of road dust emissions contributions on ambient air particulate levels at rural, urban and industrial sites in southern Spain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amato, F.; Alastuey, A.; de la Rosa, J.; Sánchez de la Campa, A. M.; Pandolfi, M.; Lozano, A.; Contreras González, J.; Querol, X.

    2014-04-01

    The impact of road dust emissions on PM10 and PM2.5 (atmospheric particulate matter with diameteer road dust samples is used as a priori knowledge. Results indicate that road dust increased PM10 levels on average by 21-35% at traffic sites, 29-34% at urban background sites heavily affected by road traffic emissions, 17-22% at urban-industrial sites and 9-22% at rural sites. Road dust contributions to ambient PM levels show a marked seasonality with maxima in summer and minima in winter, likely due to the rainfall frequency. Decreasing concentration trends over the sampling years were found at some traffic and urban sites but in most cases the decreases were less significant than for vehicle exhaust emissions, while concentrations increased at industrial sites, probably due to local peculiarities. Concerning PM2.5, road dust contributions were lower than in PM10, as expected but still important (21-31%, 11-31%, 6-16% and 7% for traffic, urban background, urban-industrial and rural sites, respectively). In addition the three main sources of road dust (carbonaceous particles, brake wear and road wear/mineral) were identified and their contributions to road dust mass loadings estimated, supporting the idea that air quality managers should drive measures aimed at preventing the build-up of road dust particles on roads.

  1. Trends in manufacturer prices of brand name prescription drugs used by older Americans--first quarter 2004 update.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gross, David J; Schondelmeyer, Stephen W; Raetzman, Susan O

    2004-06-01

    This Issue Brief reports on changes in manufacturers' prescription drug prices during the first three months of 2004 (January through March) for the brand name prescription drugs most widely used by Americans age 50 and over. This report is the first quarterly update in an ongoing study of changes in drug manufacturer prices-that is, manufacturers' prices charged for drugs they sold to wholesalers. A baseline study published in May 2004 by the AARP Public Policy Institute identified steady increases in the average annual manufacturer price from calendar year 2000 through calendar year 2003. This report's focus is on changes in the prices that brand name drug manufacturers charge to wholesalers for sales to retail pharmacies. The manufacturer's charge to wholesalers is the most substantial component of a prescription drug's retail price. When there is an increase in the manufacturer price to wholesalers for a brand name drug, this added cost is generally passed on as a similar percent change in the retail price to most prescription purchasers. The report presents three measures of price change (see methodological appendix). The first set of findings are annual rates of change in manufacturers' prices for widely used brand name drugs, using both rolling average and point-to-point estimates; information is presented on percentage change in manufacturer price and on potential dollar changes in consumer spending. The second set of findings are three-month percentage changes in prices (i.e., changes from December 31, 2003 through March 31, 2004); the distribution of percentage price changes is shown, as well as differences in average percentage price changes by manufacturer and by therapeutic category.

  2. Emerging trends in research on spatial and temporal organization of terpenoid indole alkaloid pathway in Catharanthus roseus: a literature update.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verma, Priyanka; Mathur, Ajay Kumar; Srivastava, Alka; Mathur, Archana

    2012-04-01

    tissues. The present literature update has been compiled to provide a brief overview of some of the emerging developments in our current understanding of TIA metabolism in C. roseus.

  3. ADVERTISING INDUSTRY - TRENDS, OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES WITH SPECIAL EMPHASIS OF CHINESE TOURISM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Misko Dzidrov

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Now day advertising has craftily become an inescapable companion of modern life that we can't escape and avoid it, truly it’s an intrinsic part of our daily lives. Advertising affects everyone’s life and influences many purchasers. Consumer turns to advertising for its informativeness, as well as its entertainment value. In November 2001, China joined the World Trade Organization (WTO and became a formal member of the free trade club. China's accession to the WTO came after the country had economic reforms and significant growth of Chinese economy. In the same period advertising start booming in China (early 1979; it has become dramatically an increasing important business, industry, and custom artefact in the country. A lot of researches have been made on advertising industry in the west and are one of everyday activity in the current market, but researches about Chinese advertising about tourism market has generally been limited to journal articles. The purpose of this research is to: Investigate how consumers read and understand advertising in China, mainly tourism advertising; To learn how Chinese consumers react to TV and print advertisements; Examine what role advertising playing in marketing and how it perused people of China - moreover which channel is most preferable to advertise tourism offers in Chinese society.

  4. UTILIZATION OF AGRO-INDUSTRIAL WASTE BY HIGHER MUSHROOMS: MODERN VIEW AND TRENDS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victor Barshteyn

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Waste management and providing a world population with rich in protein food are two important problems of which the utilization of agro-industrial (agriculture and food industry waste by higher mushrooms causes the growing interest of researchers around the world. More than 150 individual types of wastes have been investigated last decade as alternative substrates alone or in various compositions (more than 450 substrates for cultivation of 52 higher mushroom species (about 100 strains as evidenced by the results of more than 130 considered in the review scientific publications. All waste is used as a basis for substrates and supplements thereto, are characteristic of the respective continent and region of the world. Publications containing biochemical studies of substrates and fungi confirm that fungi are grown in rich in biologically active substances unconventional substrates, provide a rich biochemical composition of fungi compared with conventional substrates (sawdust, straw, etc.. The disadvantage of many publications is the lack of mention of examined fungi strains, whereas studies of various strains of the same fungus in the same substrate show different results. The prospect of the study of agricultural residues utilization by higher mushrooms consists in the investigations of: productivity, biological efficiency of the process, morphological and biochemical indices of cultivated mushrooms, depending on the biochemical parameters of substrates and the process conditions; safety of cultivated mushrooms.

  5. inFASH Releases Color Trends for A/W 10/11 & S/S 2011 Color trend insights extremely benefit textile and fashion industries

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ What is the next big Trend? This is not just the question to get dressed in trend.But trends information is highly essential for designers and manufacturers to deliver the right products to target customers,at the right time,Pradit Ratanawijitrasilp,Executive Director of Thailand Institute of Fashion Research,aka InFASH,told an audience at InFASH Forward Trend Seminar.

  6. GaAs Industry in Europe-Technologies, Trends and New Developments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jung, Helmut; Blanck, Hervé; Bösch, Wolfgang; Mayock, Jim

    The GaAs industry has been growing immensely during recent years. This is mainly driven by the tremendous growth of the wireless communication market, which is still continuously growing. Additionally, an emerging mmW market with applications in automotive, defense and optoelectronics is further driving the demand for GaAs components. The two largest European GaAs fabrication companies, UMS and Filtronic are very well positioned to address the complete frequency range from 1GHz up to 100GHz for commercial, high volume low cost markets, as well as individual niche applications. An overview of the companies' structures, their processes and design capabilities and also their new product developments will be presented in this paper.

  7. Industrial minerals and rocks: Present trends in exploration, exploitation and use

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lüttig, Gred W.

    Today the industrial minerals and rocks are the most important mineral resource group as far as quantity goes and after the energy carriers the most significant as far as value goes. Their value is rising constantly and in their use there are possibilities for projects with low investment costs and quick cash flow. This is important for the developing countries in particular. Since it is partly a matter of near surface bulk raw materials; their use involves local conflicts with other utilization claims. It is necessary for the geoscience to work out suggestions for solutions to these conflicts, to simultaneously mobilize research and training capacities and in face of the present desperate situation to improve them so that a better contribution than is presently being made can be made by this professional field for the public welfare.

  8. Some trends in man-machine interface design for industrial process plants

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Jens

    1980-01-01

    The demands for an efficient and reliable man-machine inter-face in industrial process plant are increasing due to the steadily growing size and complexity of installations. At the same time, computerized technology offers the possibility of powerful and effective solutions to designers....... In the paper, problems related to interface design, operator training and human reliability are discussed in the light of this technological development, and an integrated approach to system design based on a consistent model or framework describing the man-machine interaction is advocated.The work presented...... is part of a Scandinavian research project sponsored by the Board of Nordic Ministers, for the study of control room design and human reliability in nuclear power plants....

  9. Trends in industrial control systems in ST Division and at CERN

    CERN Document Server

    Ciriani, P

    1998-01-01

    Since the 1970s, industrial systems have been introduced in ST Division and have formed the basis for the overwhelming majority of the equipment for which it is responsible. The first systems were independent and not integrated into the accelerator control networks. This first generation included the Technical Control Room (TCR) site and networks monitoring system supplied by Télémécanique. In 1980, this system was replaced by the BBC and the Landis & Gyr systems for the cooling and ventilation equipment. In 1979, the Sprecher & Schuh system for the control of the electrical generator sets (with CERN's first PLC) was installed. Since the 1980s, these systems have been gradually integrated, initially using G64s as the interface with the PLCs, then, with the introduction of FactoryLink to handle H1 communications based on TCP/IP and, finally, with the Technical Data Server (TDS) and the TCP/IP communication replacing H1.

  10. The financial industry development trend of research%金融业发展趋势研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴佩飞

    2014-01-01

    金融业其发展趋势可归纳为3个方面:金融投资主体更加多元化,金融机构多样化;金融业更加市场化、信息化、网络化;金融混业经营为未来主导方向;金融业将更加发展壮大,网点迅速扩张。%The finance its development trend can be divided into three aspects: financial investment subject more diversification, diversification of financial institutions; The financial sector more marketization, informatization and networking; Financial mixed management guiding direction for the future; Financial industry will be more development, network expanding rapidly.

  11. Longitudinal Trends in Networks of University-Industry-Government Relations in South Korea: The Role of Programmatic Incentives

    CERN Document Server

    Park, Han Woo

    2009-01-01

    This study examines the longitudinal trend of systemness in networked research relations in South Korea using a triple-helix (TH) indicator of university-industry-government (UIG) relations. The data were harvested from the Science Citation Index (SCI) and its counterparts in the social sciences (SSCI) and the arts and humanities (A&HCI). The total number of Korean SCI publications has grown rapidly since 1965. However, the TH indicator shows that the network dynamics have varied considerably according to the research policies of the national government. The collaboration patterns, as measured by co-authorship relations in the SCI noticeably increased, with some variation, from the mid-1970s to the mid-1990s. However, inter-institutional collaboration in the first decade of the 21st century was negatively influenced by the new national science and technology (S&T) research policies that evaluated domestic scientists and research groups based on their international publication numbers rather than on th...

  12. Metal levels in street sediment from an industrial city. Spatial trends, chemical fractionation, and management implications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Irvine, Kim N.; Perrelli, Mary F. [State Univ. of New Yrok, Buffalo, NY (United States). Geography and Planning Dept., Buffalo State; Ngoen-klan, Ratchadawan [Chiang Mai Univ. (Thailand). Dept. of Parasitology; Droppo, Ian G. [Water Science and Technology Directorate, Science and Technology Branch, Environment Canada, Burlington, ONT (Canada). Aquatic Ecosystem Management Research Div.

    2009-08-15

    Background, aim and scope: Street sediment samples were collected at 50 locations in a mixed land use area of Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, and metal levels were analyzed using a sequential extraction procedure for different particle size classes to provide an estimate of potential toxicity as well as the potential for treatment through best management practices (BMPs). Methodology: The street sediment samples were dry sieved into four different particle size categories and a sequential extraction procedure was done on each size category following the methodology proposed by Tessier et al. 1979 using a Hitachi 180-80 Polarized Zeeman Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer. Results and discussion: Analysis of variance, post hoc least-significant difference tests, and kriging analysis showed that spatially Mn and Fe levels were associated with a well-defined heavy industrial area that includes large iron- and steel-making operations; Cu and Pb were associated with both the industrial and high-volume traffic areas, while Zn tended to be more associated with high-volume traffic areas. The potential bioavailability of the metals, based on the sum of chemical fractions 1 (exchangeable) and 2 (carbonate-bound), decreased in order: Zn > Cd > Mn > Pb > Cu > Fe. Based on aquatic sediment quality guidelines, there is some concern regarding the potential impact of the street sediment when runoff reaches receiving waters. Conclusions: It is possible that a combination of BMPs, including street sweeping and constructed wetlands, could help to reduce street sediment impact on environmental quality in the Hamilton region. The data presented here would be important in developing and optimizing the design of these BMPs. (orig.)

  13. Trends in the development of industrially assimilated renewable energy: the problem of resource restrictions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nizhegorodtsev, R. M.; Ratner, S. V.

    2016-03-01

    An analysis of the dynamics of the development of wind and solar energy and potential resource restrictions of the dissemination of these technologies of energy generation associated with intensive use of rare earth metals and some other mineral resources are presented. The technological prospects of various directions of decisions of the problem of resource restrictions, including escalating of volumes of extraction and production of necessary mineral components, creating substitutes of scarce materials and development of recycling are considered. The bottlenecks of each of the above-mentioned decisions were founded. Conclusions are drawn on the prospects of development of the Russian high-tech sectors of the economy in the context of the most probable decisions of the problem of resource restrictions of wind and solar energy. An increase in extraction and production of rare earth metals and some other materials, stimulation of domestic research and development (R&D) to create the permanent magnets of new types and new technologies of wind-powered generation, and reduction of the resource-demand and technology development of recycling the components of power equipment are the most prospective directions of progress. The innovations in these directions will be in demand on the European, Chinese, and North American markets in the near decades due to the end of the life cycle (approximately 30 years) of wind and solar energy projects started at the turn of the 20th-21st centuries (the beginning of exponential growth in plants). The private investors and relevant regional and federal government agencies can use the qualitative characteristics of the dynamics of industrially assimilated renewable energy to choose the most promising investment orientations in energy projects and selection of the most economically sound development methods of energy and related industries.

  14. Overview Smart Hotel di Indonesia yang Merupakan Trend Baru dalam Industri Perhotelan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Pia Adiati

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays we can find out many taglines featuring the word Smart Hotel or Smart Traveler. Smart traveler is those who travel in a smart way. We called it smart because they choose the accomodation and the transportation wisely, in accordance with requirements and budget. Meanwhile Smart Hotel tagline comes up since there are many smart travelers who travel a lot to the cities around the world. Smart Hotels are hotels who try to accommodate the current market demands. The latest trend for the travelers is only a clean and comfort accommodation with affordable price but covers all the basic things needed for the travelers. Nowadays, travelers pass most of the time out of the hotel for doing business or either for visiting tourism objects. Typical smart hotels are hotels with 2 stars or 3 stars rating. Even though it is 2 or 3 star hotel, the service is as good as the higher ratings.Some of the hotel management or hotel group try to suite the demand by releasing 2 star or 3 star brand. And in the future, the 2 star or 3 star hotel is the hotel who will rapidly grow and take the majority market since the price is affordable and suites the budget.

  15. Overview Smart Hotel di Indonesia yang Merupakan Trend Baru dalam Industri Perhotelan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Pia Adiati

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays we can find out many taglines featuring the word Smart Hotel or Smart Traveler. Smart traveler is those who travel in a smart way. We called it smart because they choose the accomodation and the transportation wisely, in accordance with requirements and budget. Meanwhile Smart Hotel tagline comes up since there are many smart travelers who travel a lot to the cities around the world. Smart Hotels are hotels who try to accommodate the current market demands. The latest trend for the travelers is only a clean and comfort accommodation with affordable price but covers all the basic things needed for the travelers. Nowadays, travelers pass most of the time out of the hotel for doing business or either for visiting tourism objects. Typical smart hotels are hotels with 2 stars or 3 stars rating. Even though it is 2 or 3 star hotel, the service is as good as the higher ratings.Some of the hotel management or hotel group try to suite the demand by releasing 2 star or 3 star brand. And in the future, the 2 star or 3 star hotel is the hotel who will rapidly grow and take the majority market since the price is affordable and suites the budget. 

  16. Development and trends in chlorine dioxide bleaching with integrated chlorate electrolysis for the cellulose industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wintzer, P.

    1980-05-01

    Rising demand for cellulose and paper and the environmental measures necessary in this branch of industry compel the companies involved to invest large sums. In particular, waste water from bleaching operations causes difficulties in biological waste water purification owing to high chlorolignin content. The sequence of chlorination steps have been optimized for each quality of wood, and the increasing use of chlorine dioxide leads to an expansion of chlorate electrolysis and chlorine dioxide plant at the expense of chlorine. The consumption of chemicals for the various cellulose qualities is considered. During the past 30 years, the Muenchner process for production of ClO/sub 2/ has proved environmentally sound and is being continuously improved. Only hydrochloric acid and water are needed as raw materials. The chlorine formed in this process is converted into hydrochloric acid, hypochlorite, and chlorine water. All steps of the processes require only liquids and gases permitting a favourable, closed mode of operation without by-products or waste salts. New chlorate cells built since 1969 are equipped exclusively with coated titanium anodes (load between 6 and 100 kA) with DC efficiencies of 92 to 95%. Annual world production of sodium chlorate exceeds 1 million tonnes. The rate of increase has long remained steady at 5%.

  17. The changing health care marketplace: current industry trends, new provider organizational structures, and effects on plastic surgeons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krieger, L M

    1998-09-01

    Current market forces are driving the health care industry in new directions. The managed care industry is currently undergoing a market shakeout, as manifested by consolidation, increased competition, and lower profits. Medicare is fighting to remain solvent by lowering fees paid to providers, driving patients into managed care plans, and cracking down on billing irregularities. For providers, the combined effect of these trends is lower fees, increased risk-sharing, and increased overhead. Plastic surgeons face new demands in this environment. They must increase their efficiency and form new alliances with other providers. These alliances allow plastic surgeons to maintain a steady stream of patients, to manage risk, to negotiate more lucrative contracts with managed care organizations, and to increase efficiency. To achieve these alliances, plastic surgeons must alter the organizational structure of their practices. Several corporate practice models are becoming more prevalent; these include large group practices, physician practice management companies, and integrated delivery systems. Each structure has advantages for plastic surgeons, but each also requires plastic surgeons to trade varying degrees of financial and professional autonomy for market strength.

  18. The effects of trends in technology on the hotel industry: a case study of Scandic Hotel Simonkenttä and Hilton Hotel Kalastajatorppa

    OpenAIRE

    Tamang, Surya Maya; Bernaldo, Ruth Jane

    2016-01-01

    The hotel industry continues to develop through innovations of technology. Trends in technol-ogy are evident in various forms, such as software and operating systems, high-tech devices and equipment, and social media networks. These can improve a hotel’s competitive ad-vantage and increase customer satisfaction. The objective of this research project was to examine the effects of technological trends in hotels and as perceived by the employees (the technology users) and to find out if ther...

  19. The effects of trends in technology on the hotel industry: a case study of Scandic Hotel Simonkenttä and Hilton Hotel Kalastajatorppa

    OpenAIRE

    Tamang, Surya Maya; Bernaldo, Ruth Jane

    2016-01-01

    The hotel industry continues to develop through innovations of technology. Trends in technol-ogy are evident in various forms, such as software and operating systems, high-tech devices and equipment, and social media networks. These can improve a hotel’s competitive ad-vantage and increase customer satisfaction. The objective of this research project was to examine the effects of technological trends in hotels and as perceived by the employees (the technology users) and to find out if ther...

  20. Trends in antibacterial resistance among Streptococcus pneumoniae isolated in the USA: update from PROTEKT US Years 1–4

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brown Steven D

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The increasing prevalence of resistance to established antibiotics among key bacterial respiratory tract pathogens, such as Streptococcus pneumoniae, is a major healthcare problem in the USA. The PROTEKT US study is a longitudinal surveillance study designed to monitor the susceptibility of key respiratory tract pathogens in the USA to a range of commonly used antimicrobials. Here, we assess the geographic and temporal trends in antibacterial resistance of S. pneumoniae isolates from patients with community-acquired respiratory tract infections collected between Year 1 (2000–2001 and Year 4 (2003–2004 of PROTEKT US. Methods Antibacterial minimum inhibitory concentrations were determined centrally using the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI broth microdilution method; susceptibility was defined according to CLSI interpretive criteria. Macrolide resistance genotypes were determined by polymerase chain reaction. Results A total of 39,495 S. pneumoniae isolates were collected during 2000–2004. The percentage of isolates resistant to erythromycin, penicillin, levofloxacin, and telithromycin were 29.3%, 21.2%, 0.9%, and 0.02%, respectively, over the 4 years, with marked regional variability. The proportion of isolates exhibiting multidrug resistance (includes isolates known as penicillin-resistant S. pneumoniae and isolates resistant to ≥ 2 of the following antibiotics: penicillin; second-generation cephalosporins, e.g. cefuroxime; macrolides; tetracyclines; and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole remained stable at ~30% over the study period. Overall mef(A was the most common macrolide resistance mechanism. The proportion of mef(A isolates decreased from 68.8% to 62.3% between Year 1 and Year 4, while the percentage of isolates carrying both erm(B and mef(A increased from 9.7% to 18.4%. Over 99% of the erm(B+mef(A-positive isolates collected over Years 1–4 exhibited multidrug resistance. Higher than previously

  1. Making sense of the "clean label" trends: A review of consumer food choice behavior and discussion of industry implications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asioli, Daniele; Aschemann-Witzel, Jessica; Caputo, Vincenzina; Vecchio, Riccardo; Annunziata, Azzurra; Næs, Tormod; Varela, Paula

    2017-09-01

    Consumers in industrialized countries are nowadays much more interested in information about the production methods and components of the food products that they eat, than they had been 50years ago. Some production methods are perceived as less "natural" (i.e. conventional agriculture) while some food components are seen as "unhealthy" and "unfamiliar" (i.e. artificial additives). This phenomenon, often referred to as the "clean label" trend, has driven the food industry to communicate whether a certain ingredient or additive is not present or if the food has been produced using a more "natural" production method (i.e. organic agriculture). However, so far there is no common and objective definition of clean label. This review paper aims to fill the gap via three main objectives, which are to a) develop and suggest a definition that integrates various understandings of clean label into one single definition, b) identify the factors that drive consumers' choices through a review of recent studies on consumer perception of various food categories understood as clean label with the focus on organic, natural and 'free from' artificial additives/ingredients food products and c) discuss implications of the consumer demand for clean label food products for food manufacturers as well as policy makers. We suggest to define clean label, both in a broad sense, where consumers evaluate the cleanliness of product by assumption and through inference looking at the front-of-pack label and in a strict sense, where consumers evaluate the cleanliness of product by inspection and through inference looking at the back-of-pack label. Results show that while 'health' is a major consumer motive, a broad diversity of drivers influence the clean label trend with particular relevance of intrinsic or extrinsic product characteristics and socio-cultural factors. However, 'free from' artificial additives/ingredients food products tend to differ from organic and natural products. Food

  2. Organocatalysis: Key Trends in Green Synthetic Chemistry, Challenges, Scope towards Heterogenization, and Importance from Research and Industrial Point of View

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isak Rajjak Shaikh

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper purports to review catalysis, particularly the organocatalysis and its origin, key trends, challenges, examples, scope, and importance. The definition of organocatalyst corresponds to a low molecular weight organic molecule which in stoichiometric amounts catalyzes a chemical reaction. In this review, the use of the term heterogenized organocatalyst will be exclusively confined to a catalytic system containing an organic molecule immobilized onto some sort of support material and is responsible for accelerating a chemical reaction. Firstly, a brief description of the field is provided putting it in a green and sustainable perspective of chemistry. Next, research findings on the use of organocatalysts on various inorganic supports including nano(porousmaterials, nanoparticles, silica, and zeolite/zeolitic materials are scrutinized in brief. Then future scope, research directions, and academic and industrial applications will be outlined. A succinct account will summarize some of the research and developments in the field. This review tries to bring many outstanding researches together and shows the vitality of the organocatalysis through several aspects.

  3. Recycling, Canadian update

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lakshmanan, V. I. [Process Research ORTECH Inc., Mississauga, ON (Canada); Shaw, L. [Canadian Association of Recycling Industries, Almonte, ON (Canada)

    2001-07-01

    An update on the recycling industry in Canada is provided by way of selected examples involving the recovery of gallium from electronic scrap, magnesium recovery from mine tailings and energy recovery from metal industry processes. These examples have been selected to illustrate the synergy between major mining, metallurgical and utility industries with end users in the building materials, automotive and electronic industries. 1 tab., 1 fig.

  4. Industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bernstein, Lenny; Roy, Joyashree; Delhotal, K. Casey; Harnisch, Jochen; Matsuhashi, Ryuji; Price, Lynn; Tanaka, Kanako; Worrell, Ernst; Yamba, Francis; Fengqi, Zhou; de la Rue du Can, Stephane; Gielen, Dolf; Joosen, Suzanne; Konar, Manaswita; Matysek, Anna; Miner, Reid; Okazaki, Teruo; Sanders, Johan; Sheinbaum Parado, Claudia

    2007-12-01

    This chapter addresses past, ongoing, and short (to 2010) and medium-term (to 2030) future actions that can be taken to mitigate GHG emissions from the manufacturing and process industries. Globally, and in most countries, CO{sub 2} accounts for more than 90% of CO{sub 2}-eq GHG emissions from the industrial sector (Price et al., 2006; US EPA, 2006b). These CO{sub 2} emissions arise from three sources: (1) the use of fossil fuels for energy, either directly by industry for heat and power generation or indirectly in the generation of purchased electricity and steam; (2) non-energy uses of fossil fuels in chemical processing and metal smelting; and (3) non-fossil fuel sources, for example cement and lime manufacture. Industrial processes also emit other GHGs, e.g.: (1) Nitrous oxide (N{sub 2}O) is emitted as a byproduct of adipic acid, nitric acid and caprolactam production; (2) HFC-23 is emitted as a byproduct of HCFC-22 production, a refrigerant, and also used in fluoroplastics manufacture; (3) Perfluorocarbons (PFCs) are emitted as byproducts of aluminium smelting and in semiconductor manufacture; (4) Sulphur hexafluoride (SF{sub 6}) is emitted in the manufacture, use and, decommissioning of gas insulated electrical switchgear, during the production of flat screen panels and semiconductors, from magnesium die casting and other industrial applications; (5) Methane (CH{sub 4}) is emitted as a byproduct of some chemical processes; and (6) CH{sub 4} and N{sub 2}O can be emitted by food industry waste streams. Many GHG emission mitigation options have been developed for the industrial sector. They fall into three categories: operating procedures, sector-wide technologies and process-specific technologies. A sampling of these options is discussed in Sections 7.2-7.4. The short- and medium-term potential for and cost of all classes of options are discussed in Section 7.5, barriers to the application of these options are addressed in Section 7.6 and the implication of

  5. The mechanism of opening the markets of the EU and agro-industrial complex of Ukraine: trend and variations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V.I. Gubenko

    2016-12-01

    for effective participation of the national economy in the European process, Ukraine needs a reference system that provides for adjustments to economic proportions that can provide a device structure of the national economy to the needs of the world and European markets and create conditions for achieving a new level of development of priority sectors in BC connection. It is proposed that, based on the theory of negative growth, developing countries, focused on expanding commodity exports negatively affect the state of their economy. But because of the instability of commodity prices and their downward trend, the conditions for agriculture of Ukraine as for developing countries, deteriorate, and therefore to increase the proportion of products deep processing, Ukraine should restrict the import goods industry, replacing them with produced goods. Therefore, for achieving synchronization process of opening the markets of the EU and Ukraine it should changed the formula of calculating the G. Trabela’s index of foreign trade to reflect real trade volumes, reflecting both quantitative and qualitative indicators of foreign economic activity. It is proved that formed on the basis of customs and tariff policy of openness of the EU and Ukraine reflects the level of economic activity, its branching and capacity, result in the development of integration processes, which gives reason to build the mechanism of opening markets of the EU and Ukraine, to bring together the level of domestic prices products of the agricultural sector, eliminate trade barriers and create a common EU rules for trade with third cranes. It is determined that the opening of Ukraine’s domestic market to imports from EU countries is advisable to perform a mode that the level of import prices with duty exceeded the prices formed on the consumer internal market of Ukraine, but their level without fee should not exceed world market prices. Regarding the opening of the EU internal market for goods imported

  6. Development trend of cosmetic industry under global finacial crisis%金融危机下的化妆品发展趋势

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龙武胜

    2009-01-01

    The trend and a series of policies launched by Chinese government to responds to economic crisis under global economic environment were introduced briefly. Development trend of cosmetic industry was summarized. Meanwhile, the future prospect of cosmetic enterprises was also previewed.%简单介绍全球经济大趋势和中国政府在应对金融危机方面所出台的一系列政策.概述化妆品行业的后续发展趋势,同时展望化妆品企业未来的前景.

  7. Present Situation and Developing Trend of China's Dyeing and Finishing Industry%我国印染行业现状及发展趋势

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹学军

    2002-01-01

    An analysis is made first on the present situation of the dyeing and finishing industry of China,including its productiol,structur8,and import and export and secondly on its competitive power in terms of dyed products,quality,thor points out that while there is a fairly large development space for China's dyeing and finishing industry,it faces a great challeng.We should closely follow the developing trend in international dyeing and finishing technology,developthisindustry from the concept of ecological and environmental protection,and promulgate technical standards and regulations concerning dyed products,which are in conformed with those on international.

  8. Industrialization

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Lucy

    Second World era international system (1945-1990) may not have done any good to ... wedge between the capitalist and socialist blocs, not only blurred Third World .... Politics and the Stages of Economic Growth, Cambridge: Cambridge ... complex industries producing mainly for export, but also producing for local.

  9. 基于专利分析的机器人产业技术情报研究%On Robotics Industry Technology Development Trends Based on Patent Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄超; 刘琼泽; 仲伟俊

    2012-01-01

      The patent application trend of robotics industry technology, applying countries’ distribution, Japanese and Chinese robotics patent geographical distribution, robot technology patent applicants distribution and the level of university-industry collaboration were ana-lyzed based on patent map, using Derwent Patents Index database as a data source. The research hotspots and trends of robotics industry technology were also revealed through robotic industrial technology IPC analysis, cited frequency analysis and patent citation network anal-ysis.%  以德温特专利索引数据库为数据源,利用专利地图分析了机器人产业技术专利申请趋势、申请国家分布、日本及中国机器人专利地域分布、机器人技术专利申请人分布及产学研合作水平,并通过机器人产业技术IPC分析、被引频次分析及专利引文网络分析揭示了机器人产业技术的研究热点及发展趋势。

  10. Thoughts on Future Trend of China's Garment Industry%关于中国服装行业未来走向的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏学红

    2013-01-01

    With the global economic situation, the clothing industry competition intensifies day by day. This is not only an opportunity but also a challenge. This article discusses the trend of future Chinese garment industry from the current situation, innovation, and talent cultivation. In short, as long as they have an accurate location, adhere to their own, be in a persistent way, be brave to make innovations, the future internationalization of Chinese garment industry is worthy of expecting.%本文从服装行业的创新和服装人才培养两个方面,论述中国服装行业未来的走向。中国的服装行业只要定位准确,坚持自己,持之以恒,勇于创新,未来的国际化还是指日可待的。

  11. Energy efficiency at Parana state, BR, industrial sector: trends and perspectives; Eficiencia energetica no setor industrial do Parana: tendencias e perspectivas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moraes, Gustavo Inacio de [Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP), Piracicaba, SP (Brazil). Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz (ESALQ)]. E-mail: gimoraes@esalq.usp.br; Serra, Mauricio Aguiar [Universidade Federal do Parana (UFPR), Curitiba, PR (Brazil). Dept. de Economia]. E-mail: serra@ufpr.br

    2006-07-01

    From a social and economic scenario up to 2023, the energy intensity trajectory per capita and energy intensity per product are calculated at the Parana state, BR. An economic growing more intense could request less participation of the industrial sector related to service sector; however the necessity of action intensification viewing the energy efficiency of the sector yet will be important.

  12. Environmental Report 2006. The oil- and gas industry's environmental work. Facts and trends; Miljoerapport 2006. Olje- og gassindustriens miljoearbeid. Fakta og utviklingstrekk

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-06-15

    An updated overview of emissions to the air and sea is presented, as well as a report on waste generated by the offshore activities at the Norwegian Continental Shelf. The report also mentions the collective, environmental efforts the oil- and gas industry have been working at in particular in 2006. All production fields on the Norwegian Continental Shelf are included, as well as Statfjord and Frigg, which are located at the dividing line between Norwegian and British sector. A total of 52 fields were in production at the Norwegian shelf in 2006, whereof one new was put in production: Ringhorne East. In 2006, 23 exploration wells were spudded, of which 15 are exploration wells and 8 are appraisal wells. The exploration activities have nearly been doubled since 2005, when only 9 exploration wells and 3 appraisal wells were drilled. Four new discoveries were made in 2006 (ml)

  13. A comprehensive emission inventory of multiple air pollutants from iron and steel industry in China: Temporal trends and spatial variation characteristics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Kun; Tian, Hezhong; Hua, Shenbing; Zhu, Chuanyong; Gao, Jiajia; Xue, Yifeng; Hao, Jiming; Wang, Yong; Zhou, Junrui

    2016-07-15

    China has become the largest producer of iron and steel throughout the world since 1996. However, as an energy-and-pollution intensive manufacturing sector, a detailed comprehensive emission inventory of air pollutants for iron and steel industry of China is still not available. To obtain and better understand the temporal trends and spatial variation characteristics of typical hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) emissions from iron and steel production in China, a comprehensive emission inventory of multiple air pollutants, including size segregated particulate matter (TSP/PM10/PM2.5), gaseous pollutants (SO2, NOx, CO), heavy metals (Pb, Cd, Hg, As, Cr, Ni etc.), as well as the more dangerous PCDD/Fs, is established with the unit-based annual activity, specific dynamic emission factors for the historical period of 1978-2011, and the future potential trends till to 2050 are forecasted by using scenario analysis. Our results show that emissions of gaseous pollutants and particulate matter have experienced a gradual increase tendency since 2000, while emissions of priority-controlled heavy metals (Hg, Pb, As, Cd, Cr, and Ni) have exhibited a short-term fluctuation during the period of 1990 to 2005. With regard to the spatial distribution of HAPs emissions in base year 2011, Bohai economic circle is identified as the top emission intensity region where iron and steel smelting plants are densely built; within iron and steel industry, blast furnaces contribute the majority of PM emissions, sinter plants account for most of gaseous pollutants and the majority of PCDD/Fs, whereas steel making processes are responsible for the majority of heavy metal emissions. Moreover, comparisons of future emission trends under three scenarios indicate that advanced technologies and integrated whole process management strategies are in great need to further diminish various hazardous air pollutants from iron and steel industry in the future.

  14. Foreign Cooperation and Development Trends of the Russian Petroleum Industry and Prospects of Sino-Russian Cooperation in Oil and Gas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xie Bo

    2006-01-01

    This article is focused on the analysis of the international cooperation of the Russian petroleum industry and its development trend. Also discussed here are the patterns that the foreign oil companies used in acquiring Russian petroleum assets, and the cooperation models of petroleum exploration and production in Russia. The Russian government encourages foreign oil companies to establish strategic alliances with domestic companies that keep good relations with the government. To achieve this goal, the government provides foreign companies with the space for cooperation in such aspects as advanced technology and management culture. International cooperation in petroleum industry will be further developed under the macro-control of the Russia State energy strategy. The energy cooperation between China and Russia will enter a new phase full of hopes and challenges after the past unfavorable situation is gradually overcome.

  15. 我国PVC加工行业的发展状态与趋势%Development situation and trend of domestic PVC processing Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖正品

    2001-01-01

    This paper reviews the development history of PVC processing industry and introduces the development trend of PVC chemical building materials, tubing, section materials for doors and windows, water-proofing materials and so on. It is indicated that main problems existing in PVC processing industry currently lie in paying close attention to environmental protection,deepening the environmental protection awareness of people, controlling and preventing pollution with law and attaching great importance to the recovery of waste PVC packing materials. Development trends of various PVC products are also proposed. It is pointed out that "the tenth fiveyear" programme will bring new opportunity for the development of PVC industry and it is a good time for quickening development of PVC industry.%回顾了PVC加工业的发展历史,介绍了PVC化学建材、管材、门窗型材、防水材料等制品的发展方向,提出大力抓环保、提高人们的环保意识、以法治污、重视PVC包装材料的回收再生是当前PVC加工业面临的主要问题。同时,讲述了各类PVC制品应积极引导发展的方向,认为"十五"规划给PVC的发展带来了新机遇,加速发展PVC工业适逢其时、势在必行。

  16. Industry 4.0新工业革命与工业自动化转型升级%Industry 4.0 New Industrial Revolution and Automation Updating

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    缪学勤

    2014-01-01

    随着新一代信息技术的发展,世界各国都在加快推进新的技术和工业革命.物联网、服务网以及信息物理系统已进入制造环境.论述了Industry 4.0战略产生的背景、目标以及主要特征,较深入地解析了作为Industry 4.0核心的智能工厂的体系架构.阐述了借鉴Industry 4.0的理念、方案与路线图,勇于创新,打造国内工业自动化升级版的愿景.

  17. 中国果品加工产业现状及发展趋势%Present States and Developing Trend of Fruits Processing Industry in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    单杨

    2012-01-01

    中国是世界上最大的水果生产和加工国,果品加工业已成为我国农产品加工业中具有明显比较优势和国际竞争力的行业.介绍了我国果品加工产业现状及发展趋势,分析了制约果品加工产业发展的主要问题,并提出相应的对策与建议.%China is the world's largest fruits processing country. The fruits processing industries have be- come an industry with comparatively superiority and international competitive capability. The importance to develop the processing industry of fruit was elaborated in this article as well as the overseas trend and current situation. The major restriction of the development were analysed, and the countermeasures for the development of this industry in China were also pointed out.

  18. Status and Development Trend of Titanium Sponge Production Industry%海绵钛生产工业现状及发展趋势

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓平

    2011-01-01

    通过大量详实数据和图表分析了世界海绵钛工业发展现状.介绍了我国钛资源的分布和钛资源的富集、冶炼状况,简述了国内外海绵钛工业生产现状及海绵钛工业的主要生产工序、工艺技术和设备现状.总结了国内新建海绵钛项目的技术来源及优劣,并对我国海绵钛工业的发展趋势作了预测.%The technique and industrial development situation of the titanium sponge in the world were analyzed by using tables and figures. The distribution, enrichment about titanium resources, industrial production status and main industrial production process, technology and equipment status of titanium sponge were introduced. The technical advantage and disadvantage of domestic new titanium sponge projects were summarized; industrial development trend of titanium sponge was predicted also.

  19. The dedicated automotive industry trends analysis and research in China%我国专用汽车行业发展趋势分析与研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    华中山

    2012-01-01

    本文首先讲述了专用汽车行业的发展现状,接着通过分析我国专用汽车行业发展过程中所存在的主要问题,以及与国外专用汽车发展所存在的差距,在此基础上提出了我国专用汽车行业发展的见解和趋势判断,以期为专用汽车行业和企业发展提供借鉴和参考。%This paper firstly analyses the current development situation on the special purpose vehicle industry, then analyses the main problems existing during the development process of China's special purpose vehicle industry and the technology gaps between China and foreign countries' special purpose vehicles.Based on those analyses,the development trend on China's special purpose vehicle industry is presented,which should provide some reference functions for the special purpose vehicle industry and companies.

  20. New trends in the treatment of meat industry waste waters; Depuracion de aguas residuales de la industria carnica. Nueva tendencias

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Diez, V.; Pozo, R. del [Universidad de Burgos. Burgos (Spain)

    2000-07-01

    In this work, several alternatives for the meat industry wastewater treatment are examined. It is also presented the way in which the new technologies are being applied to this sector, as well as the future tendencies in the development of treatment processes specially adapted for the meat industry. Authors expose which are the guidelines that, in their opinion, must rule the development of treatment systems based on the particular characteristics of this sector and the different troubles and limitations that came up when the new technologies have been applied to this kind of wastewater. (Author) 17 refs.

  1. Trends of coal industry in the European Union; Tendencias del Sector del Carbon en la Union Europea

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sierra Lopez, J.; Luque Cabal, V. [Direccion General de la Energia, Comision Europea (Spain)

    1995-12-31

    The main trend in coal consumption in the European Union is its increasing dependence on electricity generation. Coal has to be assessed and defended within the global energy context as a fuel which should remain as a realistic and competitive option for decision makers. Coal has to be assessed and defended within the global energy context as a fuel which should remain as a realistic and competitive option for decision makers. Coal can more than adequately contribute to the economic competitiveness of the European Union and to security of energy supplies. But public concern about the environment, as well as the question of the size of the initial capital expenditure and the returns on financial investment, currently favour gas. The paper also presents, the main trends in the supply of coal in the producing countries of the Union, focusing particular attention on Spain. (Author)

  2. Short hours, long hours: Hour levels and trends in the retail industry in the United States, Canada, and Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Carré, Françoise; Tilly, Chris

    2012-01-01

    In settings where most workers have full-time schedules, hourly wages are appropriate primary indicators of job quality and worker outcomes. However, in sectors where full-time schedules do not dominate - primarily service-producing activities - total hours matter, in addition to hourly wages, for job quality and worker outcomes. In this paper we employ a sector-focused, comparative framework to further examine hours levels - measured as average weekly hours - and trends in Canada, the United...

  3. Organocatalysis: Key Trends in Green Synthetic Chemistry, Challenges, Scope towards Heterogenization, and Importance from Research and Industrial Point of View

    OpenAIRE

    Isak Rajjak Shaikh

    2014-01-01

    This paper purports to review catalysis, particularly the organocatalysis and its origin, key trends, challenges, examples, scope, and importance. The definition of organocatalyst corresponds to a low molecular weight organic molecule which in stoichiometric amounts catalyzes a chemical reaction. In this review, the use of the term heterogenized organocatalyst will be exclusively confined to a catalytic system containing an organic molecule immobilized onto some sort of support material and i...

  4. 国际产业转移新趋势及我国的对策%Trends and Countermeasures of International Industrial Transfer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈宝明

    2011-01-01

    International industrial transfer scale decreased very fast after financial crisis, presented some trends, such as paying more attention to host countries' consumer markets, R&D center integrate with manufacturing center, emerging industry getting hotter. And contention for energy sources, material, technology and research achievements become more intense. Chinese Midwest regions' are of crucial importance on taking on international industrial transfer arises. China should guide regional development strategy, make full use of market resources, promote integration of technology transfer and manufacturing transfer, expedite development and industrialization of emerging industry core technology, forge new competing advantage.%金融危机导致国际产业转移规模大幅度下降,并呈现出更加注重东道国家消费市场、研发中心与生产转移结合紧密、新兴产业成为新热点以及围绕能源、原材料、技术和科研成果激烈争夺的态势,中西部地区在承接国际产业转移中的重要性突显.在这种背景下,我国应积极引导区域发展策略,充分利用市场战略资源,促进技术转移与生产转移结合,加快新兴产业的核心和关键技术开发和产业化,打造面向未来的新竞争优势.

  5. Evaluation of Dust Control Technologies for Drywall Finishing Operations: Industry Implementation Trends, Worker Perceptions, Effectiveness and Usability

    OpenAIRE

    Young, Deborah Elspeth

    2007-01-01

    Drywall finishing operations have been associated with worker exposure to dust that contains known particulate respiratory health hazards, such as silica, talc, and mica. Despite the existence of engineering, work-practice, and personal-protective-equipment (PPE) control technologies for the mitigation of this hazard, worker exposures persist in the drywall finishing industry. This research employed a macroergonomic framework to evaluate this problem and identify barriers to dust control ...

  6. Development Trend of Catering Industry in Guiyang%贵阳市餐饮业的发展趋势

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    霭菲

    2016-01-01

    With the deepening development of China's economy, catering industry revenue has been increasing in the rate of 20% for 20 consecutive years, and has become the basic industry concerning national economy and people 's livelihood. But since 2012, there has been national catering market weakness, and Guiyang catering enterprises are no exception. A lot of catering business continued to close. Now it has entered a very critical period to make the industry get healthy and sustainable development.%随着中国经济的不断深化发展,餐饮业收入连续20年以20%左右的速度增长,成为关系国计民生的基础行业,而自2012年开始,全国餐饮市场出现疲软现象,贵阳的餐饮企业也不例外,很多餐饮企业相续关门,如何使产业健康可持续发展,现在已经进入一个非常关键的时期.

  7. Energy industry status and developing trends%新能源产业现状及发展趋势

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    虞华; 郭宗林; 陈光亚; 程鑫

    2011-01-01

    China issued the "Renewable Energy Law" in 2006. Solar power, wind power and other new types of energy are the prioritized fields of development. The government provides financial supports for the researches and industrial developments in the related areas.Yancheng's new energy industry has been continuing to make breakthroughs with those supportive policies. In addition, its new energy automotive industry is now in the critical stage of initial development. The developments and utilizations of wind, solar and biomass energies in Yancheng are in the accelerated development stage, the constructions of offshore wind farms specifically. Wind power equipment industry has also developed rapidly. Moreover, Yancheng has rich resources of marines and beaches. The proposition to grasp the opportunity to fully tap their own strengths for accelerating new energy industry development was discussed based on the results of the second economic census and in accord with the development strategies of Jiangsu province.%2006年,中国正式实施,将发展太阳能及风能等新能源列为能源发展的优先领域,国家对相关科技研究和产业化发展提供资金支持.在这些扶持政策的带动下,盐城的风能、太阳能和生物质能的开发利用进入加速发展阶段,尤其是沿海风电场的建设及风电装备产业发展迅速;盐城新能源汽车产业也进入起步的关键阶段;此外,盐城海洋和滩涂资源十分丰富,有待整体规划开发.基于盐城市第2次经济普查的结果, 依据江苏沿海开发战略,提出如何把握机遇、充分挖掘自身优势加快发展盐城新能源产业的构想.

  8. Trends in multi-pollutant emissions from a technology-linked inventory for India: II. Residential, agricultural and informal industry sectors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pandey, Apoorva; Sadavarte, Pankaj; Rao, Anand B.; Venkataraman, Chandra

    2014-12-01

    Dispersed traditional combustion technologies, characterized by inefficient combustion and significant emissions, are widely used in residential cooking and "informal industries" including brick production, food and agricultural product processing operations like drying and cooking operations related to sugarcane juice, milk, food-grain, jute, silk, tea and coffee. In addition, seasonal agricultural residue burning in field is a discontinuous source of significant emissions. Here we estimate fuel consumption in these sectors and agricultural residue burned using detailed technology divisions and survey-based primary data for 2010 and projected between 1996 and 2015. In the residential sector, a decline in the fraction of solid biomass users for cooking from 79% in 1996 to 65% in 2010 was offset by a growing population, leading to a nearly constant population of solid biomass users, with a corresponding increase in the population of LPG users. Emissions from agriculture followed the growth in agricultural production and diesel use by tractors and pumps. Trends in emissions from the informal industries sector followed those in coal combustion in brick kilns. Residential biomass cooking stoves were the largest contributors to emissions of PM2.5, OC, CO, NMVOC and CH4. Highest emitting technologies of BC were residential kerosene wick lamps. Emissions of SO2 were largely from coal combustion in Bull's trench kilns and other brick manufacturing technologies. Diesel use in tractors was the major source of NOx emissions. Uncertainties in emission estimates were principally from highly uncertain emission factors, particularly for technologies in the informal industries.

  9. Atmospheric carbon tetrachloride in rural background and industry surrounded urban areas in Northern Iberian Peninsula: Mixing ratios, trends, and potential sources

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blas, Maite de, E-mail: maite.deblas@ehu.eus [School of Engineering of Bilbao, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU (Spain); Uria-Tellaetxe, Iratxe; Gomez, Maria Carmen [School of Engineering of Bilbao, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU (Spain); Navazo, Marino [University College of Engineering of Vitoria-Gasteiz, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU (Spain); Alonso, Lucio; García, Jose Antonio; Durana, Nieves; Iza, Jon; Ramón, Jarol Derley [School of Engineering of Bilbao, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU (Spain)

    2016-08-15

    Latest investigations on atmospheric carbon tetrachloride (CTC) are focused on its ozone depleting potential, adverse effects on the human health, and radiative efficiency and Global Warming Potential as a greenhouse gas. CTC mixing ratios have been thoroughly studied since its restriction under the Montreal Protocol, mostly in remote areas with the aim of reporting long-term trends after its banning. The observed decrease of the CTC background mixing ratio, however, was not as strong as expected. In order to explain this behavior CTC lifetime should be adjusted by estimating the relative significance of its sinks and by identifying ongoing potential sources. Looking for possible sources, CTC was measured with high-time resolution in two sites in Northern Spain, using auto-GC systems and specifically developed acquisition and processing methodologies. The first site, Bilbao, is an urban area influenced by the surrounding industry, where measurements were performed with GC–MSD for a one-year period (2007–2008). The second site, at Valderejo Natural Park (VNP), is a rural background area where measurements were carried out with GC-FID and covering CTC data a nonsuccessive five-year period (2003–2005, 2010–2011, and 2014–2015 years). Median yearly CTC mixing ratios were slightly higher in the urban area (120 pptv) than in VNP (80–100 pptv). CTC was reported to be well mixed in the atmosphere and no sources were noticed to impact the rural site. The observed long-term trend in VNP was in agreement with the estimated global CTC emissions. In the urban site, apart from industrial and commercial CTC sources, chlorine-bleach products used as cleaning agents were reported as promotors of indoor sources. - Highlights: • A methodology was developed to measure CTC using GC-MSD and GC-FID. • CTC ongoing sources were noticed in an industry surrounded urban area. • No noticeable nearby CTC sources impacted the rural site. • Long-term CTC trend in agreement

  10. Current Situation and Development Trends of the Polyurethane Industry%浅谈聚氨酯产业现状与发展趋势

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张立新; 张淑琴

    2012-01-01

    聚氨酯材料是一类广泛应用的高分子材料,本文针对目前我国聚氨酯制品的广泛应用及其产业的迅猛发展,预测了国内聚氨酯三大基础原料甲苯异氰酸酯(TDI)、二苯基甲烷二异氰酸酯(MDI)和聚醚多元醇(PPG)的未来产能,同时从我国人口总量的优势、交通运输业的增长、建筑节能的新需求、休闲市场的新发展及医用材料的应用等几个方面分析了未来拉动聚氨酯产业发展的几大因素,指出国内聚氨酯产业的发展趋势。%Polyurethane material is a kind of widely used polymer materials. Considering the wide application of polyurethane products and the rapid development of polyurethane industry in China, the production capacity of three basic raw materials for producing polyurethane, i.e. toluene diisocyanate (TDI), diphenyl methane diisocyanate(MDI) and polyether polyol(PPG) are predicted. According to the advantage of the population size in China, the growth of transportation industry, the new demanding in building energy conservation, the new development of leisure market and the application of medical materials etc., several important factors of promoting the development of polyurethane industry in future is analyzed, and the development trends of oolvurethane industry in China is discussed.

  11. Electron beam accelerators—trends in radiation processing technology for industrial and environmental applications in Latin America and the Caribbean

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parejo Calvo, Wilson A.; Duarte, Celina L.; Machado, Luci Diva B.; Manzoli, Jose E.; Geraldo, Aurea Beatriz C.; Kodama, Yasko; Silva, Leonardo Gondim A.; Pino, Eddy S.; Somessari, Elizabeth S. R.; Silveira, Carlos G.; Rela, Paulo R.

    2012-08-01

    The radiation processing technology for industrial and environmental applications has been developed and used worldwide. In Latin America and the Caribbean and particularly in Brazil there are 24 and 16 industrial electron beam accelerators (EBA) respectively with energy from 200 keV to 10 MeV, operating in private companies and governmental institutions to enhance the physical and chemical properties of materials. However, there are more than 1500 high-current electron beam accelerators in commercial use throughout the world. The major needs and end-use markets for these electron beam (EB) units are R and D, wire and electric cables, heat shrinkable tubes and films, PE foams, tires, components, semiconductors and multilayer packaging films. Nowadays, the emerging opportunities in Latin America and the Caribbean are paints, adhesives and coatings cure in order to eliminate VOCs and for less energy use than thermal process; disinfestations of seeds; and films and multilayer packaging irradiation. For low-energy EBA (from 150 keV to 300 keV). For mid-energy EBA (from 300 keV to 5 MeV), they are flue gas treatment (SO2 and NOX removal); composite and nanocomposite materials; biodegradable composites based on biorenewable resources; human tissue sterilization; carbon and silicon carbide fibers irradiation; irradiated grafting ion-exchange membranes for fuel cells application; electrocatalysts nanoparticles production; and natural polymers irradiation and biodegradable blends production. For high-energy EBA (from 5 MeV to 10 MeV), they are sterilization of medical, pharmaceutical and biological products; gemstone enhancement; treatment of industrial and domestic effluents and sludge; preservation and disinfestations of foods and agricultural products; soil disinfestations; lignocellulosic material irradiation as a pretreatment to produce ethanol biofuel; decontamination of pesticide packing; solid residues remediation; organic compounds removal from wastewater; and

  12. Trends in multi-pollutant emissions from a technology-linked inventory for India: I. Industry and transport sectors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadavarte, Pankaj; Venkataraman, Chandra

    2014-12-01

    Emissions estimation, for research and regulatory applications including reporting to international conventions, needs treatment of detailed technology divisions and high-emitting technologies. Here we estimate Indian emissions, for 1996-2015, of aerosol constituents (PM2.5, BC and OC) and precursor gas SO2, ozone precursors (CO, NOx, NMVOC and CH4) and greenhouse gases (CO2 and N2O), using a common fuel consumption database and consistent assumptions. Six source categories and 45 technologies/activities in the industry and transport sectors were used for estimating emissions for 2010. Mean emission factors, developed at the source-category level, were used with corresponding fuel consumption data, available for 1996-2011, projected to 2015. New activities were included to account for fugitive emissions of NMVOC from chemical and petrochemical industries. Dynamic emission factors, reflecting changes in technology-mix and emission regulations, were developed for thermal power plants and on-road transport vehicles. Modeled emission factors were used for gaseous pollutants for on-road vehicles. Emissions of 2.4 (0.6-7.5) Tg y-1 PM2.5, 0.23 (0.1-0.7) Tg y-1 BC, 0.15 (0.04-0.5) Tg y-1 OC, 7.3 (6-10) Tg y-1 SO2, 19 (7.5-33) Tg y-1 CO, 1.5 (0.1-9) Tg y-1 CH4, 4.3 (2-9) Tg y-1 NMVOC, 5.6 (1.7-15.9) Tg y-1 NOx, 1750 (1397-2231) Tg y-1 CO2 and 0.13 (0.05-0.3) Tg y-1 N2O were estimated for 2015. Significant emissions of aerosols and their precursors were from coal use in thermal power and industry (PM2.5 and SO2), and on-road diesel vehicles (BC), especially superemitters. Emissions of ozone precursors were largely from thermal power plants (NOx), on-road gasoline vehicles (CO and NMVOC) and fugitive emissions from mining (CH4). Highly uncertain default emission factors were the principal contributors to uncertainties in emission estimates, indicating the need for region specific measurements.

  13. Biological Technology and Industry Development Trend in Japan%日本生物科技与产业的发展动向

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴松

    2016-01-01

    This paper studies and analyzes the biological technology and industry development trend in Japan, with four aspects of market, industrial technology, research and development, as well as technology and industry policies. The Japanese government makes top-level design as a national strategic plan for biological technology and industry, to promote coordinated health and medical development strategy. Approaches have included: continuing to increase ifnancial input, to break through the key technologies such as regenerative medicine with a whole nation systems, promoting open innovation, to strengthen the industry-academic-government cooperation;constructing the Trinity technology innovation chain ecosystem for life science research, biotechnology innovation, and technology achievements transformation systems, renewing supervision system and mechanism, to bridge the valley of death of innovation,etc. The Japanese approaches for the development and innovation of biological technology and industry worth learning from.%本文从市场、产业技术、研究开发以及技术与产业政策四个方面介绍与分析了日本生物科技与产业的发展动向。日本政府从国家战略高度对生物科技与产业进行顶层设计,统筹推进健康与医疗战略。其采取的举措包括:持续加大财政投入,以举国体制突破再生医疗等重点方向关键技术;推动开放创新,强化官产学合作;构建生命科学研究、生物技术创新、生物科技成果转化体系三位一体的技术创新链生态系统;创新监管体制机制,填平科技成果产业化创新的“死亡之谷”等。日本推动生物科技与产业创新发展的做法值得我们学习借鉴。

  14. From disorganized capitalism to transnational fine tuning? Recent trends in wage development, industrial relations, and 'work' as a sociological category.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hasse, Raimund; Leiulfsrud, Håkon

    2002-03-01

    The disorganization thesis concentrates upon globalization and market dynamics, which are believed to trigger the breakdown of any kind of institutional structures. The diversity of capitalism approach, by contrast, places much emphasis on the persistence of distinct paths of national economies. Referring to comparative data from the OECD and other sources it is shown that some variables indicate a robustness of national styles of capitalism. Others hint at resemblance: e.g. there is a striking synchronization of the overall and sectoral wage development, there is a significant decrease in industrial disputes, and the class composition tends to become more similar. A move beyond the disorganization thesis and diversity of capitalism approach is suggested. Special attention should be paid to the profound impacts of transnational institutions and knowledge carriers in the form of experts and guidelines.

  15. Development status, bottleneck and trend of China cosmetic industry%我国化妆品行业发展现状、瓶颈及趋势

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭华山

    2012-01-01

    China cosmetic market status and features were introduced, and its import and export data were analyzed. Meanwhile, both current problems and bottleneck in the process of cosmetic market development as well as future measures and strategies were pointed out. Finally, development trend of cosmetic industry was put forward.%对中国整个化妆品市场现状和特征进行了阐述,对2011年的进出口数据进行了深入分析。同时,指出了中国化妆品市场发展过程中遇到的问题、发展瓶颈以及今后几年的发展措施和战略。最后,对今后化妆品行业的发展趋势进行了总结。

  16. Status and Development Trend of Wooden Door Industry in China%我国木质门产业现状与发展趋势

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许方荣

    2011-01-01

    概述了我国木质门产业的发展现状;指出了现阶段木门行业存在的问题;并对中小型木门制造企业的未来发展以及业界品牌建设和市场定位提出了建设性的意见;预测了我国木质门行业未来的发展趋势.%The author of this paper summarizes the current situation of wooden door industry in China,points out the present existent problems; gives some constructive suggestions for its future development,brand build, and market positioning; and predicts its future development trend.

  17. 食糖产业发展及其走向判断%The Sugar Industry Development and Trend Judgment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑力文; 谭智心

    2012-01-01

    The sugar industry, as a matter of sugar farmers livelihood and state price overall level ot agricultural and sideline products, its healthy and steady development has become the focus of society problem. Under the current production conditions, with the consumption of our country rigid growth on sugar, sugar market demand gap will exist for a long time and enter the high price period. We should strengthen the construction of infrastructure and varieties of sugar production technology to promote the research and development of sugar industry, adjust interest allocation mechanism, perfect the policy of macroscopical adjusting control system of sugar market.%内容提要作为一个关系到糖农生计问题和国家物价总体水平的基础性农副产品,食糖产业能否健康稳定发展成为社会关注的焦点问题之一。在目前的生产条件下,随着我国食糖消费刚性增长,食糖市场的供需缺口将会长期存在,并进入高价格时代。应加强糖料生产基础设施建设和品种技术研发推广,调整食糖产业利益分配机制,完善食糖市场宏观调控政策体系。。

  18. Atmospheric carbon tetrachloride in rural background and industry surrounded urban areas in Northern Iberian Peninsula: Mixing ratios, trends, and potential sources.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Blas, Maite; Uria-Tellaetxe, Iratxe; Gomez, Maria Carmen; Navazo, Marino; Alonso, Lucio; García, Jose Antonio; Durana, Nieves; Iza, Jon; Ramón, Jarol Derley

    2016-08-15

    Latest investigations on atmospheric carbon tetrachloride (CTC) are focused on its ozone depleting potential, adverse effects on the human health, and radiative efficiency and Global Warming Potential as a greenhouse gas. CTC mixing ratios have been thoroughly studied since its restriction under the Montreal Protocol, mostly in remote areas with the aim of reporting long-term trends after its banning. The observed decrease of the CTC background mixing ratio, however, was not as strong as expected. In order to explain this behavior CTC lifetime should be adjusted by estimating the relative significance of its sinks and by identifying ongoing potential sources. Looking for possible sources, CTC was measured with high-time resolution in two sites in Northern Spain, using auto-GC systems and specifically developed acquisition and processing methodologies. The first site, Bilbao, is an urban area influenced by the surrounding industry, where measurements were performed with GC-MSD for a one-year period (2007-2008). The second site, at Valderejo Natural Park (VNP), is a rural background area where measurements were carried out with GC-FID and covering CTC data a nonsuccessive five-year period (2003-2005, 2010-2011, and 2014-2015years). Median yearly CTC mixing ratios were slightly higher in the urban area (120pptv) than in VNP (80-100pptv). CTC was reported to be well mixed in the atmosphere and no sources were noticed to impact the rural site. The observed long-term trend in VNP was in agreement with the estimated global CTC emissions. In the urban site, apart from industrial and commercial CTC sources, chlorine-bleach products used as cleaning agents were reported as promotors of indoor sources.

  19. The HNO3 forming branch of the HO2 + NO reaction: pre-industrial-to-present trends in atmospheric species and radiative forcings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. S. A. Isaksen

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Recent laboratory measurements have shown the existence of a HNO3 forming branch of the HO2 + NO reaction. This reaction is the main source of tropospheric O3, through the subsequent photolysis of NO2, as well as being a major source of OH. The branching of the reaction to HNO3 reduces the formation of these species significantly, affecting O3 abundances, radiative forcing and the oxidation capacity of the troposphere. The Oslo CTM2, a three-dimensional chemistry transport model, is used to calculate atmospheric composition and trends with and without the new reaction branch. Results for the present day atmosphere, when both temperature and pressure effects on the branching ratio are accounted for, show an 11 % reduction in the calculated tropospheric burden of O3, with the main contribution from the tropics. An increase of the global, annual mean methane lifetime by 10.9 %, resulting from a 14.1 % reduction in the global, annual mean OH concentration is also found. Comparisons with measurements show that including the new branch improves the modelled O3 in the Oslo CTM2, but that it is not possible to conclude whether the NOy distribution improves. We model an approximately 11 % reduction in the tropical tropospheric O3 increase since pre-industrial times, and a 4 % reduction of the increase in total tropospheric burden. Also, an 8 % decrease in the trend of OH concentrations is calculated, when the new branch is accounted for. The radiative forcing due to changes in O3 over the industrial era was calculated as 0.33 W m−2, reducing to 0.26 W m−2 with the new reaction branch. These results are significant, and it is important that this reaction branching is confirmed by other laboratory groups.

  20. 南极磷虾产业发展最新动向%Latest Trend on Antarctic Krill Industry Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李励年; 王茜

    2011-01-01

    在全球渔业资源衰退,大多数海洋渔业品种被过度捕捞的大背景下,南极磷虾巨大的资源量越来越引人关注。本文对近年来南极磷虾捕捞产量的变动情况和南极磷虾产业的发展现状与趋势进行了分析论述。随着南极磷虾捕捞产量的快速增长、加工技术日趋完善、新产品开发应用力度加大和市场的不断拓展,人们对南极磷虾产业的发展前景充满期望。%When the global fishery resources is failing, most fishery variety are overfishing, Antarctic krill resources attract attention more and more. This article analyze about Antarctic krill fishing output changes, the developing situation and its trend. As the fishing output is increaseing, the processing technology is improving, the new products developing application is strengthening, the market is expanding, We are hopeful of the krill' s developing prospect.

  1. Abundance Trends and Status of the Little Colorado River Population of Humpback Chub: An Update Considering Data From 1989-2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coggins,, Lewis G.; Walters, Carl J.

    2009-01-01

    Mark-recapture methods have been used for the past two decades to assess trends in adult abundance and recruitment of the Little Colorado River (LCR) population of humpback chub. These methods indicate that the adult population declined through the 1980s and early 1990s but has been increasing for the past decade. Recruitment appears also to have increased, particularly in the 2003-4 period. Considering a range of assumed natural mortality-rates and magnitude of ageing error, it is unlikely that there are currently less than 6,000 adults or more than 10,000 adults. Our best estimate of the current adult (age 4 years or more) population is approximately 7,650 fish. Recent humpback chub assessments using the Age-Structured Mark-Recapture model (ASMR) and reported in 2006 (Melis and others, 2006) and 2008 (Coggins, 2008a,b) have provided abundance and recruitment trend estimates that have changed progressively over time as more data are considered by the model. The general pattern of change implies a less severe decline in adult abundance during the late 1980s through early 1990s, with attendant changes in recruitment supporting this demographic pattern. We have been concerned that these changes are not indicative of the true population and may be associated with a 'retrospective' bias as additional data are included in the ASMR model. To investigate this possibility, we developed a realistic individual-based simulation model (IBM) to generate replicate artificial data sets with similar characteristics to the true humpback chub data. The artificial data have known abundance trends and we analyzed these data with ASMR. On the basis of these simulations, we believe that errors in assigning age (and therefore brood-year) to fish based on their length are likely to have caused the retrospective bias pattern seen in the assessments and to have caused both less severe trends in the adult abundance estimates and progressively more severe downward bias in estimates of adult

  2. Updates on surgical management of advanced gastric cancer: new evidence and trends. Insights from the First International Course on Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery--Varese (Italy), December 2, 2011.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rausei, Stefano; Dionigi, Gianlorenzo; Sano, Takeshi; Sasako, Mitsuru; Biondi, Alberto; Morgagni, Paolo; Garofalo, Alfredo; Boni, Luigi; Frattini, Francesco; D'Ugo, Domenico; Preston, Shaun; Marrelli, Daniele; Degiuli, Maurizio; Capella, Carlo; Sacco, Rosario; Ruspi, Laura; De Manzoni, Giovanni; Roviello, Franco; Pinotti, Graziella; Rovera, Francesca; Noh, Sung Hoon; Coit, Daniel; Dionigi, Renzo

    2013-11-01

    Between the Ninth International Gastric Cancer Congress (IGCC) in South-Korea (Seoul, 2011) and the Tenth IGCC in Italy (Verona, 2013), the Insubria University organized the First International Course on Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery (Varese, December 2, 2011), with the patronage of Italian Research Group for Gastric Cancer (IRGGC) and the International Gastric Cancer Association (IGCA). The Course was intended to be a comprehensive update and review on advanced gastric cancer (GC) staging and treatment from well-known international experts. Clinical, research, and educational aspects of the surgeon's role in the era of stage-adapted therapy were discussed. As highlighted in the meeting, in this final document we summarize and thoroughly analyze (with references only for well-acquired randomized control trials) the new and old open problems in surgical management of advanced GC. Between the Ninth (Seoul, 2011) and the Tenth (Verona,2013) International Gastric Cancer Congress, the First International Course on Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery (Varese, December 2, 2011) was organized by the University of Insubria. This congress received the patronage of the International Gastric Cancer Association and the Italian Research Group for Gastric Cancer. The aim was to discuss open issues in surgical management of advanced gastric malignancies. We considered the opinions of several recognized experts in the field from both the Eastern and Western world, focused on definition problems and oncological and technical issues to define the current principles of advanced gastric cancer (GC) surgery.

  3. Better Plants Progress Update Fall 2013

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    none,

    2013-09-23

    This Progress Update summarizes the significant energy saving achievements and cumulative cost savings made by these industry leaders from 2010-2012. The update also shares the plans and priorities over the next year for the Better Plants Program to continue to advance energy efficiency in the industrial sector.

  4. China’s role in global competition in the wine industry: A new contestant and future trends

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darryl J Mitry

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Darryl J Mitry1,2, David E Smith2,3, Per V Jenster3,41Norwich University, Graduate School Faculty, Northfield, VT, USA; 2National University, San Diego, California, USA; 3Copenhagen Business School, Copenhagen, Denmark; 4China Europe International Business School, Shanghai, People’s Republic of ChinaAbstract: The producers in the wine industry are competing in an increasingly global marketplace. More specifically this article is interested in China’s wine market and the role of China in global competitive strategies. The phenomenal growth of the Chinese economy over the past decade has encouraged international suppliers to enter the Chinese market. International wine suppliers lust after a huge potential market in a country of over 1,300,000,000 people. Simultaneously, there has also been a significant growth of production and marketing of wines by Chinese-owned wineries. This contribution explores the implications of China’s marketplace and also China as a creative and strategic producer.Keywords: China, wine, competition

  5. Trends in electronic technologies for industrial electric power control and protection systems; Kanshi seigyo hogo sytem no doko to denshika

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goto, K.; Kurihara, H.; Nakamura, S. [Toshiba Corp., Tokyo (Japan)

    1996-08-01

    For Toshiba`s industrial power receiving and transforming facilities, developments have been made on switchgear multi-relays, transfer systems, concentrated surveillance systems and digital protection relay systems to achieve realization of high-level and close surveillance, control and protection. This paper introduces representative models of these systems and devices. Application of microprocessors and liquid crystal display units is rapidly progressing for surveillance and control devices which are installed in power receiving rooms to monitor and control power receiving and transforming systems from the side of these devices. In the protection relay systems, items of the hardware are standardized, and those of the software are designed in response to protection requirements to provide various relay characteristics and protection sequence functions. Also in the switchgears, combined digital type switchgears are used widely. Systems have been structured being focused mainly not only on functions to collectively monitor and control power systems in factories, but also improve efficiency of output and energy operation such as of steam. 2 refs., 7 figs., 1 tab.

  6. Emerging Trends in “Smart Probiotics”: Functional Consideration for the Development of Novel Health and Industrial Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Racha El Hage

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The link between gut microbiota and human health is well-recognized and described. This ultimate impact on the host has contributed to explain the mutual dependence between humans and their gut bacteria. Gut microbiota can be manipulated through passive or active strategies. The former includes diet, lifestyle, and environment, while the latter comprise antibiotics, pre- and probiotics. Historically, conventional probiotic strategies included a phylogenetically limited diversity of bacteria and some yeast strains. However, biotherapeutic strategies evolved in the last years with the advent of fecal microbiota transplant (FMT, successfully applied for treating CDI, IBD, and other diseases. Despite the positive outcomes, long-term effects resulting from the uncharacterized nature of FMT are not sufficiently studied. Thus, developing strategies to simulate the FMT, using characterized gut colonizers with identified phylogenetic diversity, may be a promising alternative. As the definition of probiotics states that the microorganism should have beneficial effects on the host, several bacterial species with proven efficacy have been considered next generation probiotics. Non-conventional candidate strains include Akkermansia muciniphila, Faecalibacterium prausnitzii, Bacteroides fragilis, and members of the Clostridia clusters IV, XIVa, and XVIII. However, viable intestinal delivery is one of the current challenges, due to their stringent survival conditions. In this review, we will cover current perspectives on the development and assessment of next generation probiotics and the approaches that industry and stakeholders must consider for a successful outcome.

  7. Slaughterhouse wastewater characteristics, treatment, and management in the meat processing industry: A review on trends and advances.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bustillo-Lecompte, Ciro Fernando; Mehrvar, Mehrab

    2015-09-15

    A thorough review of advancement in slaughterhouse wastewater (SWW) characteristics, treatment, and management in the meat processing industry is presented. This study also provides a general review of the environmental impacts, health effects, and regulatory frameworks relevant to the SWW management. A significant progress in high-rate anaerobic treatment, nutrient removal, advanced oxidation processes (AOPs), and the combination of biological treatment and AOPs for SWW treatment is highlighted. The treatment processes are described and few examples of their applications are given. Conversely, few advances are accounted in terms of waste minimization and water use reduction, reuse, and recycle in slaughterhouses, which may offer new alternatives for cost-effective waste management. An overview of the most frequently applied technologies and combined processes for organic and nutrient removal during the last decade is also summarized. Several types of individual and combined processes have been used for the SWW treatment. Nevertheless, the selection of a particular technology depends on the characteristics of the wastewater, the available technology, and the compliance with regulations. This review facilitates a better understanding of current difficulties that can be found during production and management of the SWW, including treatment and characteristics of the final effluent.

  8. Increasing prevalence of extended-spectrum-betalactamase among Gram-negative bacilli in Latin America: 2008 update from the Study for Monitoring Antimicrobial Resistance Trends (SMART

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Virginia Villegas

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: This analysis of the Study for Monitoring Antimicrobial Resistance Trends (SMART evaluated the susceptibility patterns of Enterobacteriaceae in Latin America in 2008, with emphasis on susceptibility trends of E. coli and K. pneumoniae. METHODS: Clinical isolates were recovered from intra-abdominal infections (IAI from 23 centers in 10 Latin American countries. Isolates were sent to a central laboratory for confirmation of identification, antimicrobial susceptibility and ESBL testing, following the Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI guidelines. RESULTS: Of 1,003 Gram-negative bacilli collected from intra-abdominal infections, E. coli and K. pneumoniae were the most commonly isolated organisms, and 26.8% of E. coli and 37.7% of K. pneumoniae were ESBL positive. Ertapenem and imipenem were the most consistently active agents tested; 99% of ESBLpositive E. coli isolates were susceptible to ertapenem and 100% to imipenem as well, and 91% of ESBL-positive K. pneumoniae were susceptible to ertapenem and 98% to imipenem. Quinolones and cephalosporins were less active, achieving 1.5% to 76% inhibition against ESBL-producing E. coli and 3.5% to 61% inhibition against K. pneumoniae. CONCLUSIONS: Local and unit-specific surveillance data is particularly important for selection of empiric therapy and in community-acquired infections as they can help the clinician with antibiotic selection by providing guidance regarding the likely pathogens and their resistance profiles. Our data also confirm the increasing frequency with which ESBL-producing organisms are found in the community setting, with 31.4% of communityacquired and 24.9% of hospital-acquired infections found to produce ESBLs. Imipenem and ertapenem are the most active agents tested for ESBL-positive E. coli and K. pneumoniae.

  9. Increasing prevalence of extended-spectrum-betalactamase among Gram-negative bacilli in Latin America: 2008 update from the Study for Monitoring Antimicrobial Resistance Trends (SMART

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Virginia Villegas

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: This analysis of the Study for Monitoring Antimicrobial Resistance Trends (SMART evaluated the susceptibility patterns of Enterobacteriaceae in Latin America in 2008, with emphasis on susceptibility trends of E. coli and K. pneumoniae. METHODS: Clinical isolates were recovered from intra-abdominal infections (IAI from 23 centers in 10 Latin American countries. Isolates were sent to a central laboratory for confirmation of identification, antimicrobial susceptibility and ESBL testing, following the Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI guidelines. RESULTS: Of 1,003 Gram-negative bacilli collected from intra-abdominal infections, E. coli and K. pneumoniae were the most commonly isolated organisms, and 26.8% of E. coli and 37.7% of K. pneumoniae were ESBL positive. Ertapenem and imipenem were the most consistently active agents tested; 99% of ESBLpositive E. coli isolates were susceptible to ertapenem and 100% to imipenem as well, and 91% of ESBL-positive K. pneumoniae were susceptible to ertapenem and 98% to imipenem. Quinolones and cephalosporins were less active, achieving 1.5% to 76% inhibition against ESBL-producing E. coli and 3.5% to 61% inhibition against K. pneumoniae. CONCLUSIONS: Local and unit-specific surveillance data is particularly important for selection of empiric therapy and in community-acquired infections as they can help the clinician with antibiotic selection by providing guidance regarding the likely pathogens and their resistance profiles. Our data also confirm the increasing frequency with which ESBL-producing organisms are found in the community setting, with 31.4% of communityacquired and 24.9% of hospital-acquired infections found to produce ESBLs. Imipenem and ertapenem are the most active agents tested for ESBL-positive E. coli and K. pneumoniae.

  10. Computer architecture technology trends

    CERN Document Server

    1991-01-01

    Please note this is a Short Discount publication. This year's edition of Computer Architecture Technology Trends analyses the trends which are taking place in the architecture of computing systems today. Due to the sheer number of different applications to which computers are being applied, there seems no end to the different adoptions which proliferate. There are, however, some underlying trends which appear. Decision makers should be aware of these trends when specifying architectures, particularly for future applications. This report is fully revised and updated and provides insight in

  11. Communication technology update and fundamentals

    CERN Document Server

    Grant, August E

    2008-01-01

    New communication technologies are being introduced at an astonishing rate. Making sense of these technologies is increasingly difficult. Communication Technology Update is the single best source for the latest developments, trends, and issues in communication technology. Now in its 11th edition, Communication Technology Update has become an indispensable information resource for business, government, and academia. As always, every chapter has been completely rewritten to reflect the latest developments and market statistics, and now covers mobile computing, dig

  12. Communication technology update and fundamentals

    CERN Document Server

    Grant, August E

    2010-01-01

    New communication technologies are being introduced at an astonishing rate. Making sense of these technologies is increasingly difficult. Communication Technology Update and Fundamentals is the single best source for the latest developments, trends, and issues in communication technology. Featuring the fundamental framework along with the history and background of communication technologies, Communication Technology Update and Fundamentals, 12th edition helps you stay ahead of these ever-changing and emerging technologies.As always, every chapter ha

  13. Development Status and Trend of Domestic Waste Incineration Industry in China%我国生活垃圾焚烧行业发展现状与趋势

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘峰; 张益

    2012-01-01

    根据我国垃圾焚烧设施建设运营现状和最新政策,分析了当前我国垃圾焚烧行业存在问题、发展特点及趋势.%According to the construction and operation status of waste incineration facilities and the latest policies about the industry in China, the existing problems, development characteristics and trend for waste incineration industry in China were analyzed.

  14. Status and Trends of the Policy Environment of Certificate Authentication Services Industry%电子认证服务业政策现状与趋势

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈月华; 闫晓丽

    2012-01-01

    In recent years, network security attracts much attention.The world's major developed countries, such as United States, Germany, the United Kingdom, have released policies to cope with the growing security threats. Certificate authentication service industry, by confirming the truth and reliability of the network subject and their behavior, is to provide the network security, to maintain the network order, to play an irreplaceable role in reducing online fraud and crime. This paper highlights the 2011 China key policy of certificate authentication service industry, and analyzes policy development trends.%近年来,网络安全备受关注,美国、德国、英国等世界主要发达国家纷纷出台了相关政策,以应对日益增长的安全威胁。电子认证服务业是提供网络安全保障的重要行业,在确认网络主体及其行为的真实性和可靠性、维护网络秩序、减少网络欺诈和犯罪等方面发挥着不可替代的作用。本文重点介绍了2011年我国出台的电子认证服务业重点政策,并对未来行业政策的发展趋势进行了分析展望。

  15. 兰州市现代物流业发展的趋势研究%Research of the development trend of modern logistics industry of Lanzhou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何蓉

    2011-01-01

    随着科学技术的迅猛发展和经济全球化趋势的增强,现代物流在国民经济和社会发展中发挥着重要作用.兰州市作为西北地区的重要物流节点城市,发展现代物流业对于提升兰州的整体竞争实力具有重要的现实意义.本文从物流需求规模化、物流空间布局规范化、企业物流社会化、物流企业集成化、区域物流一体化、物流通道网络化、物流成本上升、物流政策规范化等八个方面阐述了在信息技术、网络经济日益渗透到现代的经济活动中的新形势下兰州现代物流业发展的趋势.%With the advancement of science and technology and the enhancement of economic globalization,modern logistics have been playing an important role in the economic and social development.As a key logistics node city in the Northwest China,developing modern logistics industry has an important practical significance, upgrading the overall competitiveness of Lanzhou.Under the new situation the information technology and Internet economy penetrating to modern economic activities, this paper describes the development trend of modern logistics industry in Lanzhou from the perspective of Logistics demand, spatial distribution,enterprise logistics, logistics enterprise integration, regional logistics integration, logistics channel, logistics costs rising, and logistics policy standardization.

  16. Trends and Strategies of Biomedical Industry Development%生物医药产业发展态势与对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏月; 刘楠

    2009-01-01

    Nowadays, biomedical industry has been cultivated as a new source of economic growth in many countries, and its development has been accelerated through adopting different policies and measurements by those governments. Encouraged by policies of advantages and the financial support of the government, Chinese biomedical industry is hopeful to bounce back from the economic crisis soon and embrace the period of rapid growth. By the guidance of our government, a strategic alliance of technology innovation of the bio-industry has been establishing, its resources conformity and advantages mutual complementarities have been promoting, and a mass of stronger innovative enterprises have been forming and clustering by vigorous construction of several hi-tech industry parks. They spur the development and technical innovation of national biomedical industry. The development trends and key points should be broken through cooperation among industries, universities and researches; advanced biotechnology; market access policies and high-standard elites construction, etc. By the guidance of market, the government should put forth a series of plans and policies for industry development to accelerate the construction of industrialized bases of biomedical industry, and encourage the biotech enterprises to finance in multi-channels and forms. Some measurements should be taken to deal with the rapid development of biomedical industry in our country, such as establishing the sharing mechanism of biomedical industry resources and public communication platform, the leading enterprises should play the main role and support the merger and acquisition among big enterprises, strengthening the construction of relative rules and regulations and integrating laws of bio-safe and relative intellectual property rights, etc.%当今许多国家政府已经把生物医药产业作为新的经济增长点来培育,通过采取不同政策和措施加速生物医药产业的发展.在我国政府相关

  17. Trends in the incidence of cryptorchidism and hypospadias of registry-based data in Korea:a comparison between industrialized areas of petrochemical estates and a non-industrialized area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sae Chul Kim; Su Kyoung Kwon; Yeon Pyo Hong

    2011-01-01

    @@ This study aimed to represent the recent trends in the nationwide incidence of cryptorchidism and hypospadias in Korea,and to determine whether there is evidence of spatial heterogeneity in the incidence.The incidence was calculated as the number of newly diagnosed patients (males) during the first 4 years after a live birth in a population,nationally and regionally (a non-industrialized area (Chuncheon) and petrochemical estates (Yeocheon and Ulsan)),between 2000 and 2005.The data (numerator) for new patients were acquired from the National Health Insurance Review Agency,and the data (denominator) for the resident registration population were from the National Statistical Office.Between 2000 and 2005,the national incidence of cryptorchidism and hypospadias had an increased tendency from 5.01 to 17.43per 10000 persons and from 1.40 to 3.28 per 10000 persons,respectively.The incidence of cryptorchidism was significantly higher in Yeocheon (throughout the study period) and in Ulsan (2001,2002,2004 and 2005) than the national incidence,whereas the incidence in Chuncheon was significantly lower in 2001 and 2002.It was difficult to compare the rates of hypospadias yearly and regionally because of the small number of cases.In conclusion,the incidence of cryptorchidism has recently increased in Korea.The petrochemical estates,Yeocheon and Ulsan,had a significantly higher incidence of cyptorchidism than the national incidence,which suggests that further study is needed to obtain a more precise estimation of the trends in the incidence of the anomalies and to confirm the association between petrochemicals and the anomalies.

  18. Industry status and development trends of collagen peptides%胶原蛋白肽产业现状及发展趋势

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周雪松

    2013-01-01

    Collagen peptides (CPs) emerging as a new functional protein ingredients,were developing rapidly at home and abroad in recent years.In order to scientifically guide the industry crowd engaged and concerned about the CPs and promote the healthy and sustainable development of the CPs industry,the CPs definition,properties,preparation technology as well as current situation of domestic and foreign CPs industry were reviewed in this paper.And the three questions which concerned about by the downstream production enterprises and consumers during the promotion process of CPs,including the relationship between raw material sources and CPs product quality,the relationship between CPs efficacy and molecular weight,and the applied laws and regulations of CPs,were clarified.Finally,the research and development trends of CPs were prospected.%胶原蛋白肽作为一种新兴的功能性蛋白配料近年来在国内外发展迅速.文中综述了胶原蛋白肽的定义、特性、制备工艺以及国内外胶原蛋白肽产业的发展现状,厘清了胶原蛋白肽推广过程中下游生产企业和消费者关注的3方面问题,包括胶原蛋白肽产品品质与原料来源间关系,胶原蛋白肽功效与分子量间关系以及胶原蛋白肽应用法规,展望了胶原蛋白肽产品的研究发展趋势,以期科学引导从事和关注胶原蛋白肽产业人群,促进国内胶原蛋白肽产业的健康持续发展.

  19. Concepts and Tools for Protecting Sensitive Data in the IT Industry: A Review of Trends, Challenges and Mechanisms for Data-Protection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omar Tayan

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Advancements in storage, dissemination and access of multimedia data content on the Internet continues to grow at exponential rates, while individuals, organizations and governments spend huge efforts to exert their fingerprint in this information age through the use of online multimedia resources to propagate thoughts, services, policies, ecommerce and other types of information. Furthermore, information at different levels may be classified into confidential, sensitive and critical data types. Such data has been subject to numerous tools and techniques for providing automated information processing, information management and storage mechanisms. Consequently, numerous security tools and techniques have also emerged for the protection of data at the various organizational levels and according to different requirements. This paper discusses three important types of information security aspects that includes; data-storage, in-transit data and data access-prevention for unauthorized users. In particular, the paper reviews and presents the latest trends and most common challenges in information security with regards to data-breaches and vulnerabilities found in industry today using simple brief summaries for the benefit of IT practitioners and academics. Thereafter, state-of-the-art techniques used to secure information content commonly required in applications-software, in-house operations software or websites are given. Mechanisms for enhancing data-protection under the given set of challenges and vulnerabilities are also discussed. Finally, the importance of using information security policies and standards for protecting organizational data content is discussed along with foreseeable open issues for future work.

  20. Website updates

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Updates to Website: (Please add new items at the top of this description with the date of the website change) May 9, 2012: Uploaded experimental data in matlab...

  1. Circular Updates

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Circular Updates are periodic sequentially numbered instructions to debriefing staff and observers informing them of changes or additions to scientific and specimen...

  2. Cybersecurity Update

    CERN Document Server

    Heagerty, Denise

    2008-01-01

    An update on recent security issues and vulnerabilities affecting Windows, Linux and Mac platforms. This talk is based on contributions and input from a range of colleagues both within and outside CERN. It covers clients, servers and control systems.

  3. Service Industries. Trends and Prospects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bureau of Domestic Business Development (DOC), Washington, DC.

    This publication is designed to provide the business community with information on growing markets for many business and consumer services. Divided into two parts, the document overview in part I identifies two service area problems: lagging productivity gains and rapidly rising prices of services. The overview states, however, that service sector…

  4. Bangladesh Development Update, October 2016

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    This update introduces Bangladesh's new poverty numbers at $1.90 per capita per day in 2011 purchasing power parity (PPP) prices, followed by an account of recent economic development, the outlook, risks, and policy responses. The revised poverty rates are significantly lower, but follow the same downward historical trend seen when using the 2005 international extreme poverty line. Banglad...

  5. Forest Products Industry Technology Roadmap

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    none,

    2010-04-01

    This document describes the forest products industry's research and development priorities. The original technology roadmap published by the industry in 1999 and was most recently updated in April 2010.

  6. The New World challenge: Performance trends in wine production in major wine-exporting countries in the 2000s and their implications for the Australian wine industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Euan Fleming

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Anderson, K., Nelgen, S., 2011. Global Wine Markets, 1961 to 2009: A Statistical Compendium. University of Adelaide Press, Adelaide publication of an index of revealed comparative advantage suggests that the Australian wine industry had come under increased competition from other “New World” producers in the first decade of this century. We examine this influence by comparing the transformation of winegrapes into wine volume and value in the 11 largest wine-exporting countries during the years, 2000–2009. Our focus is on the challenge issued by other New World producers from the Southern Hemisphere to Australian producers, and the continuing challenge to Old World global supremacy by New World producers and its response. Four performance measures are used this study. Two key trends are evident. First, all countries migrated to higher price points, albeit with differing degrees of success: slightly declining productivity in transforming winegrapes into wine output was overwhelmed by price/quality effects, leading to substantial gains in transforming winegrapes into wine value. Second, New World producers plus Portugal and Spain were much more successful in achieving gains in their export value proposition than they were in extracting value in their domestic markets. Results show that Australian wine producers had lost some of their competitive advantage during the 2000s as their pre-existing strategy dominated by the export of high-volume wines by large companies at low to medium price points, and their reliance on a reputation for reliable good quality for the price point was beginning to fail in the face of competition from both New World and Old World producers. Acknowledgement of this outcome has led to a good deal of introspection, and recognition of the need to promote the wine regions of Australia, based on higher-quality wines, and to select and promote quality indicators.

  7. “互联网+”时代高效物流产业发展态势分析%Internet “+” Age Efficient Logistics Industry Development Trend Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任媛媛

    2016-01-01

    在互联网技术与物流传统业态深度融合的背景下,现代高效物流产业获得了迅速发展。通过借鉴国外发达国家高效物流产业发展经验、国内物流产业发展现有模式及其优势与不足,进一步分析了安徽省高效物流产业的发展趋势。%Internet technology and logistics in the traditional format of the depth of integration background , modern and efficient logistics industry was developing rapidly. Learn from foreign countries through efficient logis-tics industry experience, the existing domestic logistics industry development model and its advantages and disad-vantages, and further analysis of the development trends in Anhui efficient logistics industry.

  8. CATL Update

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-24

    2010 Report sent NATC CATL 1922 20K Treadwear Bridgestone 2 LT235/85R16 (L/R E) GMC 2500 (2WD) Awaiting new control tire NATC CATL 1922 20K Treadwear...1 DSCC Annual Tire Conference CATL UPDATE March 24, 2011 UNCLASSIFIED: Dist A. Approved for public release Report Documentation Page...A 3. DATES COVERED - 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE CATL Update 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) 5d

  9. "Reminder: please update your details": Phishing Trends

    CERN Document Server

    Dhinakaran, Cynthia; Nagamalai, Dhinaharan

    2010-01-01

    Spam messes up users inbox, consumes resources and spread attacks like DDoS, MiM, Phishing etc., Phishing is a byproduct of email and causes financial loss to users and loss of reputation to financial institutions. In this paper we study the characteristics of phishing and technology used by phishers. In order to counter anti phishing technology, phishers change their mode of operation; therefore continuous evaluation of phishing helps us to combat phishers effectively. We have collected seven hundred thousand spam from a corporate server for a period of 13 months from February 2008 to February 2009. From the collected date, we identified different kinds of phishing scams and mode of their operation. Our observation shows that phishers are dynamic and depend more on social engineering techniques rather than software vulnerabilities. We believe that this study would be useful to develop more efficient anti phishing methodologies.

  10. Trends and Updates in Secretarial Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hiatt, Diana Buell

    This document addresses curriculum requirements for the following modern secretarial functions: (1) being the primary source for storage and retrieval of information; (2) transmitting the company image to clients; and (3) filtering client contact and information to administrators served. To prepare them for storage and retrieval, secretaries…

  11. NXE pellicle: development update

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brouns, Derk; Bendiksen, Aage; Broman, Par; Casimiri, Eric; Colsters, Paul; de Graaf, Dennis; Harrold, Hilary; Hennus, Piet; Janssen, Paul; Kramer, Ronald; Kruizinga, Matthias; Kuntzel, Henk; Lafarre, Raymond; Mancuso, Andrea; Ockwell, David; Smith, Daniel; van de Weg, David; Wiley, Jim

    2016-09-01

    ASML introduced the NXE pellicle concept, a removable pellicle solution that is compatible with current and future patterned mask inspection methods. We will present results of how we have taken the idea from concept to a demonstrated solution enabling the use of EUV pellicle by the industry for high volume manufacturing. We will update on the development of the next generation of pellicle films with higher power capability. Further, we will provide an update on top level requirements for pellicles and external interface requirements needed to support NXE pellicle adoption at a mask shop. Finally, we will present ASML's pellicle handling equipment to enable pellicle use at mask shops and our NXE pellicle roadmap outlining future improvements.

  12. From 2014 new Trends see 2015 Years Instrument Instrument Industry Development Direction%从2014年改革新动向看2015年仪器仪表行业发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙柏林

    2015-01-01

    According to the new trends of reform in 2014,the new normal,a new leap , the new normal pregnant with revolutionary changes;insight into government policy trends, grasp the industry development opportunities;followed by the "green and smart"trend, improve the quality of industry transformation;improve the"Internet thinking"and support the"new format"to grow;deep understanding of the significance of the development of science and technology service industry;protect the corporate secrets, guarantee the enterprise information security.From these 6 aspects,explained the significance of these new trends for 2015 instrumentation industry development.%针对2014年改革新动向,从新常态新飞跃,新常态孕育着革命性转变;洞悉政府政策动向,把握行业发展机遇;紧跟“绿色和智能”潮流,提升行业转型品质;提高“互联网思维”,支持“新业态”地成长;深刻理解发展科技服务业的重大意义;保护企业机密,保障企业信息安全6个方面,阐述了这些新动向对2015年仪器仪表行业发展的指导意义。

  13. Lodging Update: Greater Boston

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rachel Roginsky

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Pinnacle Advisory Group provides an update of lodging industry performance in New England and Boston for the first half of 2012. While the New England region outpaced the nation, the specific story varies from state to state. Only Massachusetts and Vermont achieved REVPAR performance better than the national average. A review of the Greater Boston lodging market reveals that a healthy local economy and strong convention calendar, combined with a number of one-time events and limited new supply, boosted the local market in 2012. The outlook for 2013 in Greater Boston remains positive, with expectations of a 4.7% growth in REVPAR.

  14. TRENDS IN ROMANIAN TOURISM

    OpenAIRE

    Pirjol Florentina; Maxim Raluca Georgiana; Nagy Andrea

    2011-01-01

    Tourism is an industry of the future, having the potential to provide significant revenues, and an industry of "beauty", because it will protect, preserve and contribute to arranging the environment affected by other human activities. This is why it is very important to know the evolution of this underdeveloped field in our country. This paper is intended as a study on current trends in Romanian tourism without any claim of being an exhaustive research on the industry, describing the main ind...

  15. RKU North Sea. Update on the regional consequence examination concerning the petroleum industry in the North Sea; RKU-Nordsjoeen. Oppdatering av regional konsekvensutredning for petroleumsvirksomhet i Nordsjoeen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-12-15

    An overview over prognoses for oil and gas production and the emissions related to these activities is provided for the years 2005-2025. A description of the Norwegian Continental Shelf's ecosystem, environmental technology employed, and considerations regarding the petroleum industry's effect on the ecosystem are considered. Emissions to air, planned emissions to the sea and accident emissions and spills are treated, as well as other possible environmental effects. Consequences for fishery, cultural monuments and for the society in general are also examined (ml)

  16. 2013 mask industry survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malloy, Matt

    2013-09-01

    A comprehensive survey was sent to merchant and captive mask shops to gather information about the mask industry as an objective assessment of its overall condition. 2013 marks the 12th consecutive year for this process. Historical topics including general mask profile, mask processing, data and write time, yield and yield loss, delivery times, maintenance, and returns were included and new topics were added. Within each category are multiple questions that result in a detailed profile of both the business and technical status of the mask industry. While each year's survey includes minor updates based on feedback from past years and the need to collect additional data on key topics, the bulk of the survey and reporting structure have remained relatively constant. A series of improvements is being phased in beginning in 2013 to add value to a wider audience, while at the same time retaining the historical content required for trend analyses of the traditional metrics. Additions in 2013 include topics such as top challenges, future concerns, and additional details in key aspects of mask masking, such as the number of masks per mask set per ground rule, minimum mask resolution shipped, and yield by ground rule. These expansions beyond the historical topics are aimed at identifying common issues, gaps, and needs. They will also provide a better understanding of real-life mask requirements and capabilities for comparison to the International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors (ITRS).

  17. 我国物流业的现状、优化与发展趋势初探%Probe into the Present Situation, Optimization and Developing Trend of Chinese Logistics Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩丽红

    2012-01-01

    在概括我国物流业的发展历程和重要作用的基础上,对我国物流业的发展现状,特别是就其存在问题、优化措施和发展趋势进行了重点分析,以期对我国物流业的可持续发展有所促进。%Based on the developing history and important role of Chinese logistics industry, this paper analyses the present situation and especially the problems which exist in Chinese logistics industry, puts forward some optimized measures and points out its developing trend in order to promote the sustainable development of Chinese logistics industry.

  18. Problems and Trend of Development of Green Logistics by Electronics Industry in China%我国电子产品行业绿色物流现存问题和发展趋势分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    商丽景; 贾瑞峰

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, on the basis of an introduction of the current status of the logistics practice of the electronics industry of China, we pointed out the problems existing therein, studied the trend of the development of green logistics by the industry, and finally gave suggestions for the promotion of the green logistics practice in the electronics industry.%在对我国电子产品行业物流现状进行分析的基础上,指出我国电子产品行业绿色物流存在的问题,进而对我国电子产品行业绿色物流的发展趋势进行了研究,最后提出了我国电子产品行业发展绿色物流的建议.

  19. Sustainable Development of the Cement Industry and Blended Cements to Meet Ecological Challenges

    OpenAIRE

    Konstantin Sobolev

    2003-01-01

    The world production of cement has greatly increased in the past 10 years. This trend is the most significant factor affecting technological development and the updating of manufacturing facilities in the cement industry. Existing technology for the production of cement clinker is ecologically damaging; it consumes much energy and natural resources and also emits pollutants. A new approach to the production of blended or high-volume mineral additive (HVMA) cement helps to improve its ecologi...

  20. Keeping Updated

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reading, David; Botjes, Erna; Nørhede, Pia

    2013-01-01

    Knowledge of food allergy is constantly developing. The food industry makes decisions based on what is currently known, but there is a need to remain at the forefront of understanding so that actions taken by the industry are not outdated and are of maximum benefit to food allergic consumers....... The best way to stay up to date is via the Internet. There are numerous websites that fulfill this function, including those run by regulatory bodies, scientific organizations, and groups whose specific objective is to provide industry with helpful information to assist with the assessment and management...

  1. Lodging Update: Portland, Maine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rachel J. Roginsky

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Each quarter, Pinnacle Advisory Group prepares an analysis of the New England lodging industry, which provides a regional summary and then focuses in depth on a particular market. These reviews look at recent and proposed supply changes, factors affecting demand and growth rates, and the effects of interactions between such supply and demand trends. In this issue, the authors summarize regional performance for 2012, offer projections for 2013, and spotlight the lodging market in Portland, Maine.

  2. Aluminum Industry Technology Roadmap

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    none,

    2003-02-01

    This roadmap describes the industry's R&D strategy, priorities, milestones, and performance targets for achieving its long-term goals. It accounts for changes in the industry and the global marketplace since the first roadmap was published in 1997. An updated roadmap was published November 2001. (PDF 1.1 MB).

  3. 计算机辅助工业设计技术发展状况与趋势%Development Status and Trends of Computer-aided Industrial Design Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马鹏鑫

    2012-01-01

    随着时代的不断发展,技术的不断更新,计算机已经不仅仅是人们在生活中越来越重要的工具,他同时也是工业设计中非常重要的辅助工具,作为工业辅助技术,它的核心内容为工业设计,重点发展方向为产品设计.自从有了信息技术,世界的经济发展方向发生了非常巨大的变化,市场的竞争也变得越来越激烈.%With the development of times and the update of technology, computers have become the more and more important tool in people's life. It also becomes the important auxiliary tools in industry design. As the industrial auxiliary technology, its core content is the industrial design, focusing on product design. Since the information technology appears, the world economy development direction has changed a lot; the market competition is becoming fiercer.

  4. Healthy food trends -- beans and legumes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Healthy food trends - pulses; Healthy eating - beans and legumes; Weight loss - beans and legumes; Healthy diet - beans and legumes; ... My Plate.gov. Beans and Peas Are Unique Foods. Updated January 12, 2016. www.choosemyplate.gov/vegetables- ...

  5. 2020年我国水泥行业CO2排放趋势与减排路径分析%Analysis on CO2 Emission Trend and Emission Reduction Path of China's Cement Industry in 2020

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋小谦; 康艳兵; 刘强; 赵盟

    2012-01-01

    我国水泥行业的CO2排放仅次于电力行业,约占全国排放总量的15%.分析水泥行业的CO2排放趋势和减排路径对实现我国温室气体排放控制目标有着重要的现实意义.本文从影响水泥行业排放的主要影响因素着手,分析了水泥产量和单耗的现状及未来发展趋势,计算了水泥行业的历史排放、发展趋势以及减排潜力,指出了实现减排潜力面临的挑战和障碍,以及相应的措施建议.%CO2 emission from China's cement industry is only second to power industry, accounted for 15% of total national emissions. Analysis on CO2 emission trend and emission reduction path of cement industry is significant to the realization of GHG emissions control target in China. From the perspective of major influencing factors, this paper analyzes the status and future trend of cement production and energy consumption per unit of product, calculates history and future emissions as well as emission reduction potentials, also analyzes challenges and obstacles, and proposes appropriate measures recommendations.

  6. INDUSTRIAL BUILDING IN THE SYSTEM OF GULAG IN THE EUROPEAN NORTH OF RUSSIA IN THE 1930 – EARLY 1940s: SCOPE, TRENDS AND CHALLENGES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrei N. KUSTYSHEV

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses the activities of the GULAG in the field of industrial building in the European North of the country. The study is based on the source database, which includes materials from both Central and regional archives, such as engineering documentation of corrective labor camps and colonies, and the materials from the Chief administration of camps for industrial building. The chronological framework of the issue encompasses 1930s – the beginning of the 1940s. Particular attention is paid to the pre-war development stage of the mobilization economy, during which comes the final formation of the contours of construction production in this region. The article reveals multi-sectoral direction of the activities of People's Commissariat of Internal Affairs in the field of industrial building, covering the objects of mining-metallurgical, fuel, timber industries. The article gives an analysis of the complex problems of the industry based on the analysis of reporting documentation and accounting and control materials of Central directorate of People's Commissariat of Internal Affairs. Almost all of the problems were permanent, despite of the reorganization processes in the GULAG system of forced labor. This approach to the topic gives a deeper and comprehensive assessment of Stalin's special colonization of the periphery of the USSR. The analysis of the processes taking place in the industrial building sector of People's Commissariat of Internal Affairs, illustrates the serious difficulties faced by the GULAG, departing from solving problems of extensive development and intensifying their production activities. 

  7. Study on Trend and Strategy of Development of Logistics Industry in E-commerce Era%电子商务时代的物流发展趋势及策略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任红

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, we analyzed the current status and development trend of the e-commerce logistics businesses in China and on such basis, proposed the strategy for the development of the logistics industry in the e-commerce era.%分析了我国电子商务物流发展现状以及电子商务背景下的物流发展趋势,在此基础上,提出了电子商务时代的物流发展策略。

  8. General document environmental impact report (m.e.r.) oil and gas exploitation industry. Update and supplement of the general document; Generiek document m.e.r. offshore olie- en gaswinningsindustrie. Update en aanvulling van het generiek document environmental impact report (m.e.r.) offshore, 1999

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-04-15

    The generic environmental impact assessment (EIA or MER in Dutch) in 1999 is intended to serve as a template for specific environmental impact assessments for oil and gas exploitation projects at sea. Since 1999, a number of innovations and changes were implemented. Particularly in offshore technologies and regulations new insights and ideas came up in recent years. Therefore the existing generic document has to be updated with new information, relevant in the preparation of specific environmental impact assessments in the offshore oil and gas exploitation industry in the Dutch part of the Continental Shelf [Dutch] De generieke milieu effect rapportage (MER) uit 1999 is bedoeld om te dienen als een sjabloon voor specifieke Milieueffectrapportages bij olie- en gaswinningprojecten op zee. Sinds 1999 is een aantal vernieuwingen en veranderingen doorgevoerd. Met name in offshore technologieen en wet- en regelgeving zijn de afgelopen jaren nieuwe inzichten en ideeen ontstaan. Hierdoor is de wens ontstaan om het bestaande generieke document aan te vullen met nieuwe informatie die relevant is voor het opstellen van specifieke Milieueffectrapportages in de offshore olie- en gaswinningsindustrie op het Nederlands deel van het Continentaal Plat.

  9. General document environmental impact report (m.e.r.) oil and gas exploitation industry. Update and supplement of the general document; Generiek document m.e.r. offshore olie- en gaswinningsindustrie. Update en aanvulling van het generiek document environmental impact report (m.e.r.) offshore, 1999

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-04-15

    The generic environmental impact assessment (EIA or MER in Dutch) in 1999 is intended to serve as a template for specific environmental impact assessments for oil and gas exploitation projects at sea. Since 1999, a number of innovations and changes were implemented. Particularly in offshore technologies and regulations new insights and ideas came up in recent years. Therefore the existing generic document has to be updated with new information, relevant in the preparation of specific environmental impact assessments in the offshore oil and gas exploitation industry in the Dutch part of the Continental Shelf [Dutch] De generieke milieu effect rapportage (MER) uit 1999 is bedoeld om te dienen als een sjabloon voor specifieke Milieueffectrapportages bij olie- en gaswinningprojecten op zee. Sinds 1999 is een aantal vernieuwingen en veranderingen doorgevoerd. Met name in offshore technologieen en wet- en regelgeving zijn de afgelopen jaren nieuwe inzichten en ideeen ontstaan. Hierdoor is de wens ontstaan om het bestaande generieke document aan te vullen met nieuwe informatie die relevant is voor het opstellen van specifieke Milieueffectrapportages in de offshore olie- en gaswinningsindustrie op het Nederlands deel van het Continentaal Plat.

  10. Demographic trends in Sweden

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available In the present note, we present the main features of recent trends in vital family-demographic behavior in Sweden. For this purpose, published indices of marriage, divorce, and childbearing risks by calendar year are updated by adding another two or three years of observation to our series. We demonstrate that the latest trend reversal in Swedish birth rates, which occurred at the end of the 1990s, continued to manifest itself in increasing propensities for childbearing during the early years of the 21st century. The rise pertains to all birth orders. Marriage propensities showed an increase as well, however, to a large extent expressed in a short-term development that was prevalent at the turn of the millennium. The previous long-term trend of rising divorce risks leveled off during the first two years of the new century.

  11. 黄金工业特征污染物综合治理装备现状及发展趋势%Current status of comprehensive treatment equipment intended for featured pollutants in gold industry and its development trend

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴铃; 丁成; 李延吉; 高飞翔; 迟崇哲

    2015-01-01

    黄金工业特征污染物综合治理装备是黄金工业实现绿色、和谐、可持续发展的重要技术支撑。介绍了黄金工业特征污染物综合治理装备的分类、应用工艺、相应结构、功能实现过程与应用特点等现状,统计分析了治理装备在黄金矿山的应用状况,并对黄金工业特征污染物综合治理装备及技术的未来发展趋势进行了研讨。%Comprehensive treatment equipment intended for featured pollutants in gold industry is important tech-nical support for green,harmonious and sustainable development of gold industry.The paper gives an overview of the classification,application,structure,function completion process and application characteristics of comprehensive treat-ment equipment intended for featured pollutants in gold industry.The application status of the treatment equipment in gold mines is showed by statistical analysis.And discussions are made about the development trend of the equipment and technology for comprehensive treatment of featured pollutants in gold industry.

  12. 浅谈我国物流快递业的缺陷及其发展趋势%On the Defects of China's Logistics and Express Delivery Industry and Its Development Trend

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    铁世萃

    2015-01-01

    In recent years,as the key component of China's logistics industry,in recent years,under the continuous development of e -commerce,logistics distribution has been rapid development,the express industry has shown a rapid development momentum,but the courier industry in the process of serving the community and consumers,there is a series of defects.For this,this paper expounds the defects of China's logistics express delivery industry and its development trend.%作为我国物流业关键组成部分的快递业近些年以来,在不断发展的电子商务影响之下,物流配送获得了迅速的发展,快递业也表现出迅猛的发展势头,可是快递业在服务于社会与消费者的过程中,也存在着一系列的缺陷。为此,文中阐述了我国物流快递业的缺陷及其发展趋势。

  13. Development Trend of China Auto Industry in the New Century Chinese auto industuy has entered into a development stage of high growth.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    It was the 50th anniversary of the establishment of Chinese auto in dustry in 2003. In the past 50 years, Chinese auto industry developed from nothing, then expanded from small to big, and now it is growing from big to strong. In the 1980s when China implemented the reform and opening-up policy, Chinese auto industry got a rapid development; it has set up several key attto companies such as FAW Corp., Dong Feng Auto Group, Shanghai Auto Group, etc., manly important auto spare-parts enterprises and sever...

  14. Industrial Computer Codes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shapiro, Wilbur

    1996-01-01

    This is an overview of new and updated industrial codes for seal design and testing. GCYLT (gas cylindrical seals -- turbulent), SPIRALI (spiral-groove seals -- incompressible), KTK (knife to knife) Labyrinth Seal Code, and DYSEAL (dynamic seal analysis) are covered. CGYLT uses G-factors for Poiseuille and Couette turbulence coefficients. SPIRALI is updated to include turbulence and inertia, but maintains the narrow groove theory. KTK labyrinth seal code handles straight or stepped seals. And DYSEAL provides dynamics for the seal geometry.

  15. Laser Cutting, Development Trends

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Flemming Ove

    1999-01-01

    In this paper a short review of the development trends in laser cutting will be given.The technology, which is the fastest expanding industrial production technology will develop in both its core market segment: Flat bed cutting of sheet metal, as it will expand in heavy industry and in cutting o...... of 3-dimensional shapes.The CO2-laser will also in the near future be the dominating laser source in the market, although the new developments in ND-YAG-lasers opens for new possibilities for this laser type.......In this paper a short review of the development trends in laser cutting will be given.The technology, which is the fastest expanding industrial production technology will develop in both its core market segment: Flat bed cutting of sheet metal, as it will expand in heavy industry and in cutting...

  16. Chinese Liquor Industry Development Trend and Coping Strategies under New Normal%新常态下的中国白酒行业发展趋势及应对策略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋玉石; 骆婕茹; 赵丽娟

    2015-01-01

    Because of the slowdown of economic growth, much more diversification of economic growth impetus, optimization of economic structure and administrative simplification of government, Chinese economy has entered a New Normal development trend. Under this background, the traditional Chinese liquor industry has to face the double pressure of economic transformation and industrial adjustment. By studying on the output and its value of Chinese liquor industry and the growth variation trend between them, it is found that the growth speed of output value is always higher than the speed of output in the liquor industry. The leading trend gradually increases as time goes on, the gross profit rate is in the decreasing trend, the lowest gross profit rate is 31.82% (2010), and the highest is 37.82% (2002). In the trend of New Normal, affected by the Eight Regulation policies, gross profit rate of Chinese liquor industry will have a further decreasing trend in the next 3 to 5 years. It is expected that 20%to 30%of the liquor gross profit rate is a New Normal trend. Under this background, it is suggested that Chinese famous liquor industry should take fully advantage of itself, make industrial transformation and upgrading and achieve sustainable development, at the same time, reinforce its own creativity, especially in the aspects of brand strategy, marketing research, product development, science technology. Chinese liquor industry should endeavor to realize the transformation and upgrading of industry, entrust brand a new vitality, build “Internet +” thinking thought gradually and deeply excavate and spread liquor culture inner value. Thus, Chinese liquor industry will step on an international development road.%经济增速放缓、增长动力更加多元、经济结构优化升级、政府简政放权等因素,中国经济进入了一个“新常态”发展的趋势。在此背景下,中国传统白酒行业不得不面临经济转型和产业调整

  17. Trends in the Employment of College and University Graduates in Business and Industry. Northwestern Endicott Report, 1984. Thirty-eighth Annual Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindquist, Victor R.; Endicott, Frank S.

    Results of a 1983 survey on policy and practice in the employment of college graduates in 262 well-known business and industrial firms are presented. The number of companies hiring graduates in nine bachelors-level and five masters-level fields are specified for both 1983 and 1984, along with the number of graduates for each field and salary…

  18. Trends in Mobile Marketing

    OpenAIRE

    Chocholová, Petra

    2010-01-01

    The principal aim of this thesis is to assess the state of the mobile marketing as of the first quarter of 2011 and to discuss various scenarios of the future development. This thesis defines the terms "mobile marketing" and "mobile advertising" and identifies the main players in the industry. It explores the main categories of mobile advertising such as mobile messaging, in-content and mobile internet advertising. Later, it analyzes the latest trends in the industry and describes in detail t...

  19. 浅析建筑施工企业如何适应建筑产品工业化趋势%Construction Enterprises How to Adapt to the Industrialization Trend of Building Products

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪永平

    2013-01-01

      当前科学技术广泛发展,建筑工程行业已经从传统的手工业逐步转向社会化大生产的方式。通过采用先进的工艺,新型的建筑材料,在建筑标准化的基础上不断更新施工的技术,使我国建筑施工企业朝着健康、可持续的方向发展。%The current science and technology is extensive de-veloped, the construction industry has gradual y shifted from the traditional handicraft industry of large-scale socialized pro-duction. Through the use of advanced technology, new buil-ding materials, updating the construction unceasingly in the fo-undation construction standardization of the technology, makes the construction enterprises of our country towards a healthy, sustainable development.

  20. Photovoltaics industry profile

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1980-10-01

    A description of the status of the US photovoltaics industry is given. Principal end-user industries are identified, domestic and foreign market trends are discussed, and industry-organized and US government-organized trade promotion events are listed. Trade associations and trade journals are listed, and a photovoltaic product manufacturers list is included. (WHK)

  1. Rebuild America Partner Update, January--February 1999

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-01-01

    Rebuild America Partner Update, the bimonthly newsletter about the Rebuild America community, covers partnership activities, industry trends, and program news. Rebuild America is a network of community partnerships--made up of local governments and businesses--that save money by saving energy. These voluntary partnerships, working with the US Department of Energy, choose the best ways to improve the energy efficiency of commercial, government and apartment buildings. Rebuild America supports them with business and technical tools and customized assistance. By the year 2003, 250 Rebuild America partnerships will be involved in over 2 billion square feet of building renovations, which will save $650 million every year in energy costs, generate $3 billion in private community investment, create 26,000 new private sector jobs, and reduce air pollution by 1.6 million tons of carbon dioxide a year.

  2. RESEARCH UPDATES

    OpenAIRE

    Anonymous

    1998-01-01

    Includes: Food Insecurity in Low-Income Rural Areas, Eric Icart, University of Maryland Eastern Shore New Shift in Food Distribution Orientation: The Proposition of Fresh Prepared Foods, John L. Park, Research Associate, Food Industry Management Program, Cornell University, 109 Warren Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853-7801 Distribution Barriers Confronting Small-Volume Fruit and Vegetable Growers, John R. Brooker, David B. Eastwood, and Morgan D. Gray, Professors and Computer Analyst, Department of Agri...

  3. 韩国会展产业及未来发展趋势%Exhibition Industry of Korea and the Future Development Trend

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟亨在; 张完硕

    2015-01-01

    In recent years, exhibition has been concerned about from all walks of life as it is a integrated relfection of society, politics, economy and culture. In the era of multi-media, exhibition can deliver a moving in the most direct way. After 1980s, with the development of economy, people have greatly changed their standards for life, and meanwhile the exhibition has grown both in quality and quantity which conforms to the need of social and cultural development. What’s more, the industry and economy also largely promote the development of exhibition. Recently, as the technology in industry ifeld is gradually equalized, leading the difference of hardware industry of each country reduced, most industries turn to software type development which values “knowledge” and “creativity” most. At the beginning as the exhibition entered into Korea, the development of it was focused on hardware industry, which experienced a lot of unnecessary works. While today, exhibition industry of Korea has gradually developed into an independent creative software industry. It is predictable that the Korean exhibition will comply with the requirement of economic growth, and become the mainstay of software industries and creative industries. Reviewing Korean exhibition history, it needs to be well prepared in mind and technical level for the exploration of the challenges in the coming progress and the forward direction of future development.%近些年社会各界一直关注会展,根源于会展展示了社会、政治、经济和文化现象。在媒体多元化时代,会展可以给人们以最直接的方式传递感动。20世纪80年代之后,经济的发展导致人们对生活的需求有了质的改变,也使得会展数量与质量的增长顺应了社会-文化发展的需要。会展的发展,也不能仅仅是从社会-文化层面上寻找原因,产业与经济的需求也是一个重要的推动力。最近产业领域的技术均衡化趋势,使得各

  4. A Study on Evolutionary Trend of the Marine Industry of Guangxi Based on Ecological Niche Theories%基于生态位理论的广西海洋产业演化态势研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    覃波; 高安刚

    2015-01-01

    Studying the marine industry of Guangxi,its self-development and its relative scale are taken into consideration to characterize their evolution from 1997 to 2011. After analyzing the developing trends of the Marine Industry of Guangxi with Hurst Index,we draw the conclusion that: its self-gross of the marine industry of Guangxi experienced a three stage evolution process, known as “ stability-fluctuation-stability”; its self-employment showed a “ S” evolutionary trend but strengthened; its relative scale appeared a “M” evolutionary trend on the whole whereas relative employment was low;The sustainability of self-development and relative scale in the future will be different. Therefore we propose to promote self-development,increase its scale and enhance its ecological niche position in order to maintain a sustained developing marine industry.%广西海洋产业自我总量生态位经历了“平稳—被动—平稳”的三阶段演化过程;自我就业生态位虽然呈现出“S”型的演变趋势,但有所增强;相对总量生态位基本表现为“M”型的演化趋势,而相对就业生态位偏低;自我发展生态位与相对规模生态位未来的可持续性存在差异。因此,广西海洋产业应提升自我发展能力,促进自身总量与从业人数的增长,壮大规模;促进整体竞争力的跃升,提高相对生态位;保持海洋产业增长的稳定性和持续性。

  5. The Endicott Report: Trends in the Employment of College and University Graduates in Business and Industry. 1978. Thirty-Second Annual Report. A Survey of 202 Well-Known Business and Industrial Concerns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Endicott, Frank S.

    A total of 202 companies responded to a survey of policy and practice in the employment of university and college graduates in business and industry. Among results of the survey were that 54 percent of the respondents indicated that business outlook was better than 1977 and that they planned to contact the same number of colleges as last year. The…

  6. 日本老年医疗护理产业的现状及发展趋势%Current Situation and Development Trend of Japan’s Elderly Health Care Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王学睿

    2013-01-01

    Japan’s aging population trend is very serious. Japan has formed a relatively complete industry in the ifelds of medical care, old-age pension living, elderly goods and services, etc. The Japanese government is enhancing the study on policies of the elderly medical care industries to push construction of this service system by evaluating and superintending the quality of the elderly industry service. In the meantime, Japan has regarded the“medical and health care industries”as the future growth factor of its economy development, and plans to make construction of medical and health care industries become its advantageous project and strive to participate in international competition. This article describes the practices development direction of Japan’s elderly health care industry, which is worthwhile to be shared by Chinese domestic counterparts.%日本是人口老龄化比较严重的国家,已经形成比较完善的医疗护理、养老居住、老年商品及服务等老年产业。日本政府加强老年医疗护理产业发展政策的研究,完善对该产业服务质量的评价与监督,推进该产业服务体系建设;已将“医疗和护理产业”定为日本经济未来的增长点,计划将医疗护理产业建设成为日本的优势项目,参与国际竞争。日本老年医疗护理产业的做法及发展方向,值得我国借鉴和参考。

  7. Regular database update logics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Spruit, Paul; Wieringa, Roel; Meyer, John-Jules

    2001-01-01

    We study regular first-order update logic (FUL), which is a variant of regular dynamic logic in which updates to function symbols as well as to predicate symbols are possible. We fi1rst study FUL without making assumptions about atomic updates. Second, we look at relational algebra update logic (RAU

  8. Developmental Trend Analysis of Coconut Industrial Economy in China%中国椰子产业经济发展分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏金鹏; 于高波; 赵松林

    2011-01-01

    椰子是具有较高经济价值的热带木本油料作物之一,其产业经济的发展意义重大。本文对我国椰子产业经济的内涵、发展的必要性及发展优势展开分析,并针对椰子产业经济发展的制约因素提出发展策略。%Coconut is a tropical wooden oil plant with high economic value, and its development plays important role in social economy. Based on the analysis of the intension of coconut industrial economics, the significance and advantage of its development, the paper puts forward the development strategy in ac- cordance with the factors restricting its industrial development.

  9. Construction on Agricultural Science and Technology Service System in the Trend of Industrial Integration Development%产业融合趋势下北京农业科技服务体系建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈俊红; 尹光红

    2014-01-01

    研究产业融合趋势下农业科技服务体系建设路径,对落实服务业引领现代农业发展战略,提高农业现代化水平和综合生产能力具有重要意义。调查研究结果显示,北京农业科技服务体系网络比较健全,但在体系管理、服务主体协同创新、基础设施建设等方面有不足,根据现代农业融合发展需要,应从加强组织领导、统筹协作、机制创新入手,建设公益性服务与经营性服务有机结合的新型农业科技服务体系。%Researching on the construction of agricultural science and technology service system under the trend of industri-al integration,implementing the service industry to lead the development of modern agriculture strategy,and improving the level of agricultural modernization and the comprehensive production capacity have the important meaning. Research shows, Beijing agricultural science and technology service system in the network is perfect,but in the management system,the main service collaborative innovation,infrastructure construction and other aspects are still insufficient. Facing the integra-tion development trend of the modern agriculture,efforts should be made to strengthen the organization and leadership,o-verall coordination,mechanism innovation system,new agricultural science and technology service system combined with services of public welfare service and market construction.

  10. Varieties of update

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarah E Murray

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses three potential varieties of update: updates to the common ground, structuring updates, and updates that introduce discourse referents. These different types of update are used to model different aspects of natural language phenomena. Not-at-issue information directly updates the common ground. The illocutionary mood of a sentence structures the context. Other updates introduce discourse referents of various types, including propositional discourse referents for at-issue information. Distinguishing these types of update allows a unified treatment of a broad range of phenomena, including the grammatical evidentials found in Cheyenne (Algonquian as well as English evidential parentheticals, appositives, and mood marking. An update semantics that can formalize all of these varieties of update is given, integrating the different kinds of semantic contributions into a single representation of meaning. http://dx.doi.org/10.3765/sp.7.2 BibTeX info

  11. Caustic Soda Industry Promotion in 2011 and Trend Analysis in the Future%我国烧碱提振2011及未来趋势分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱国梁

    2012-01-01

    2011年,作为“十二五”的开局之年,氯碱主要产品的市场环境和行业状况变化被赋予了更为丰富的涵义.价格攀升至历史高位的烧碱与大幅下滑的液氯、PVC产品的对比,使得氯碱行业短期内“以碱补氯”的盈利模式已基本确立.由此,氯碱行业传统的“碱氯平衡”引发的企业耗氯产品选择问题再次成为业界关注的焦点.氯碱行业不断提高的综合盈利水平似乎增加了业界对市场向好的信心,而政策层面的包括节能减排、电力、信贷、融资等一系列直接或间接作用于耗能行业的政策导向,都预示着产业结构调整及节能减排机制将继续发挥作用,也加重了2012年市场走向的不确定性.%A. D. 2011 is the first year of "the Twelfth - Five Plan". The market conditions and industry status for the main product in ehlor - alkali industry are given with rich meaning. The price of caustic soda is highest in histtory but the price of liquid chlorine and PVC decreased greatly. Therefore, the profit model of caustic soda compensating for chlorine is set up in chlor - alkali industry. The conditions of chlor - alkali balance in tradition have been changed and the choice of chlorine consumption product will be focused agani. The market seems to be good with the improvement of level of integration profitability. Some policy, for example energy saving and emission decreasing, electrical power, loan and financing etc. , guides the energy consumption industry. It indicates that the adjusting of industry structure, the mechanism of energy saving and emission decreasing will continue to play a role. The market direction is uncertain in 2012 because of these.

  12. 5G网络产业发展趋势展望%Looking Forward to the Development Trend of 5G Network Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭黎黎

    2016-01-01

    5G network is the fifth generation mobile communication technology,the development of 5G network technology in the international community is still in the research stage. In this article, the characteristics of 5G network is presented, and com-bined with the current situation of the major countries to promote the industrial development of the 5G network, focuses on the present in our country in the industry to promote the development of 5G, and promote the transformation and upgrading of the focal point of the environment.%5G网络是第五代移动通信技术,国际社会对5G网络的技术发展尚处于研究阶段。文章通过阐述5G网络呈现的特点,并结合当前各主要国家推进5G网络产业发展的现状,重点论述了当下我国在推动5G产业发展,并带动科技环境转型升级方面的着力点。

  13. 中日模具制造业发展动向研究%Survey on the Development Trend of Sino-Japan Mold Manufacturing Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈国庆

    2013-01-01

    Since China implemented the economic reform and opening up strategy in 1978, Chinese economy has been booming. At the same time, foreign enterprises' entrance into China also boosts the development of Chinese economy. After the Second World War, Japanese economy began to develop very fast, occupying an important place in the mold manufacturing industry. Since the second half of 1980s, Japanese mold manufacturing industry has reached the level of advanced countries, which makes a big influence on Japan's industrial development. However, Japanese mold manufacturing industry is greatly affected by the recession of Japanese economy, which results in such consequences as scale shrinking and practitioner decreasing. After 30 years of the reform and opening up, Chinese mold industry has achieved remarkable development mainly due to the introduction of advanced equipment and processing method from foreign countries. By digestion and absorption of these technologies, China's technical level keeps improving. After the financial crisis, as the export decreases, price of materials rises, labor cost increases and so on, Chinese mold manufacturing enterprises are faced with diversified subjects. In the world e-conomic crisis, the age for Sino-Japan mold enterprises to think their survival carefully is coming. These enterprises must face this reality in the future. It is necessary to take initiative measures quickly after balancing all matters.%介绍了日本模具企业的概况和发展历史,指出日本模具产业的特征表现为规模零散、自动化和手工作业并存、出口多、模具企业随主机厂向国外转移,其竞争优势在于模具品质好、精度高、制作周期短、配套体系完善、设备先进、CAD/CAE/CAM和高速加工技术普遍采用;但因为日本经济的不景气,日本模具制造业受到很大影响,规模变小,从业人员减少,面临着生存危机.阐述了中国改革开放之后的30年,模具产业实现了显著

  14. 论出版业数字化变革的历程及趋势%The Digitization Processes and Trends of the Publishing Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪曙华

    2013-01-01

    Digital technology has not only changed the manufacturing and management of publishing, but also changed publica-tions into digital forms, resulting in the revolution of digital publishing. Although the thoroughly digitization of publishing indus-try will take time, but digital publishing has become the future orientation.%  数字技术的应用使出版业发生深刻变革,不仅使出版生产与经营发生数字化改造,也使得出版物形态与传播方式实现数字化,导致数字出版方式产生,虽然出版业根本实现数字化转型有待时日,但数字出版已成为出版业未来发展趋势。

  15. Tendencias actuales de los plásticos en la industria automovilística // Current trends of plastic in the car industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Palmer Martín

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available En el presente articulo se realiza un análisis de la inserción actual de los plásticos en la industria automovilística, posición queocupan en este mercado, ventajas generales que presentan frente a otros materiales de primera línea, principales materiasplásticas empleadas y aplicaciones fundamentales, entre otros aspectos de gran interés técnico y estadístico._______________________________________________________________________AbstractIn the present article is accomplished an analysis of the current insert of plastic in car industry, occupied position in thismarket, general advantages compared with other material of first line, principal employed plastic matters and fundamentalapplications, between other aspects of great technical and statistic interest.

  16. 浅析我国旅游饭店业的发展现状、趋势及对策%On Current Situation,Trends and Managing Strategies of Tourist Hotel Industry in Our Country

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙亚芳

    2014-01-01

    In recent years,with the rapid development of tourism in our country,tourist hotels have become an important component in the industry of tourism. The current situation is that there is a steady increase in the number of high-star hotels,an upsurge of the in-vestment in high-star hotels,the great expansion of international brands,the heavy pressure faced by local hotels,as well as the imbal-ance in spatial location. In the years to come,the development trends of the hotel industry in our country are:a slower development speed of high-star hotels,the plural development of the hotel market,and the great potential for e-commerce. This paper puts forth some feasible managing strategies against the existing problems,on the basis of the analysis of the current situations and development trends.%近几年来,随着我国旅游业的飞速发展,旅游饭店业已成为我国旅游产业的重要组成部分。现阶段我国旅游饭店业高星级饭店数量稳增,高星级饭店投资涌现热潮,国际品牌大举扩张,本土品牌任重道远,空间布局不均衡。未来几年内,我国旅游饭店业高星级饭店将呈现增速趋缓、饭店业市场业态多元发展、电子商务发展增快的趋势。

  17. Trend of the strategy of European and American chemical industry in the restructuring; Obei kagaku sangyo no saihen ni miru senryaku no doko

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Niimi, M.; Yamabe, T.

    1999-12-01

    The business of life science is the cover products which connect directly with life such as medical supplies, functional food, nutriments, agricultural chemicals or seeds. The wave of the reorganization of enterprises in the life science field also spread to the integration of the medicine specialty enterprises, and new association trees mainly on medical supplies such as Novartis in Switzerland, Zeneca, Astra Zeneca and Glaxo Wellcome in England were born. Many major chemistry manufacturers are also agricultural chemical manufacturers. Though agricultural chemicals were being shifted to one which being effective at the low use owing to the environmental problems, with the advance of the popularization of gene recombination crops, sales decreased on the agricultural chemical business more, and participation and restructuring to the seed business were accelerated. In this paper, the outline of business restructuring and strengthening the basic strategy in the main chemistry enterprises in Europe and the U.S.A. are described. As a trend of the restructuring, some examples on Du Pont, Dow chemical, Monsanto, ICI, Akzo Nobel, Novartis, Shell Chemicals, BASF, Hoechst and Bayer are introduced. (NEDO)

  18. Trends and Prospects in the Development of the Meat Processing Industry of Ukraine in the Conditions of Deepening the Trade Integration with the EU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vlasova Kateryna M.

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The article is aimed at studying the main trends of development of the market of the European Union in the context of the gradual integration of Ukrainian meat producers in this economic space, estimation of prospects for the domestic producers through the prism of their readiness to export products to this foreign market. The current status of development of the consumer market and features of the State regulation as to producers of meat products in the EU have been analyzed. The status of export activities of the meat processing enterprises in the EU has been researched, taking into account the tariff quotas and their usage in 2014-2015, as well as the current status of implementation of quality management systems as well as production safety in accordance with the national and international standards. Status of registration of the place of origin for the Ukrainian meat products has been analyzed as one of the means for promoting Ukrainian goods to the EU market. The major obstacles against the market entering by Ukrainian meat processing enterprises have been highlighted, taking account of the barriers that were relevant to Poland, Romania and Bulgaria in the process of implementation of the freedom trade zone agreement. Some ways to overcome known obstacles for Ukrainian meat-processing enterprises in the process of deepening the integration in the economic space of the EU have been proposed.

  19. Research of Talent Development Policy of Online Game Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yun-Che Yang

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Due to the progress of information technology and the development of Internet, the digital content industry has become one of the most promising industries in the 21st century. The rapid growth of the online gaming industry at the turn of the century does not only catch the eyes of the whole world, but also reshape the entire information-related industry. The purpose of this study is to explore issue of the talent development policy of the domestic online game industry. The method of in-depth interview is used in this study, and the research target is chosen to be qualified of speaking for the government, the education institutes, and the private sectors in the industry. The findings of this research suggest that Taiwan's government should take up a more vigorous responsibility. Following the government's leadership, both education institutes and industry private sectors must actively participate in the collaboration and feed back the up-dated information, such as the market trend and most wanted human resources, to the policy makers.[Article content in Chinese

  20. Breast Cancer Research Update

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... JavaScript on. Feature: Breast Cancer Breast Cancer Research Update Winter 2017 Table of Contents National Cancer Institute ... Addressing Breast Cancer's Unequal Burden / Breast Cancer Research Update Winter 2017 Issue: Volume 11 Number 4 Page ...

  1. Market Report for the Industrial Sector, 2009

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sastri, Bhima [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Washington, DC (United States); Brueske, Sabine [Energetics Inc., Columbia, MD (United States); de los Reyes, Pamela [Energetics Inc., Columbia, MD (United States); Jamison, Keith [Energetics Inc., Columbia, MD (United States); Justiniano, Mauricio [Energetics Inc., Columbia, MD (United States); Margolis, Nancy [Energetics Inc., Columbia, MD (United States); Monfort, Joe [Energetics Inc., Columbia, MD (United States); Raghunathan, Anand [Energetics Inc., Columbia, MD (United States); Sabouni, Ridah [Energetics Inc., Columbia, MD (United States)

    2009-07-01

    This report provides an overview of trends in industrial-sector energy use. It focuses on some of the largest and most energy-intensive industrial subsectors and several emerging technologies that could transform key segments of industry.

  2. Effect of irrigation with industrial treated wastewater on variation trend of some heavy metals in soil and radish (Raphanus Sativus plant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gh. Rahimi

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Limited water resources in arid and semi-arid regions are one of the major limiting factors in agricultural production. Thus, unconventional water resources, such as urban and industrial treated wastewater, may be used for irrigation. Application of wastewater to soil may cause accumulation of heavy metals (HMs. Soil pollution causes uptake of these metals by plants and their entrance to food chain. In the present greenhouse research, concentration variations of HMs (zinc, copper, cadmium, nickel, iron and manganese in soil and radish plant were investigated. The experiment was conducted as a completely randomized design with three replications and irrigation with different percentages of treated wastewater (0, 25, 50, 75 and 100%. Results of soil chemical analysis showed that irrigation with treated wastewater significantly increased sodium adsorption ratio, salinity level and chloride content of soil. While, using different percentages of treated wastewater decreased significantly (P≤0.01 soil pH. Results revealed that total and available concentrations of HMs in soil irrigated with wastewater were higher than the those in soil irrigated with tap water. However, metal concentrations were much lower than the critical limits in soil. Therefore, had no adverse effects on soil quality. The results also showed that HM concentration in roots and aerial parts of radish plant was not increased significantly as a result of wastwater irrigation.

  3. Survey of the trend of technical development and industrial policies in Asian countries; Asia shokoku ni okeru gijutsu kaihatsu no doko to sangyo gijutsu seisaku ni kansuru chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    A sharp rise in industrial productivity in Asia countries indicates a rising level of R and D technology. Since Japan has not clearly grasped the R and D ability in these countries, it has not given appropriate personnel/material R and D support to them. Therefore, for the purpose of exactly grasping the R and D ability of Asian countries (Korea, Taiwan, the Philippines, Indonesia and India) and studying an effective and appropriate method for R and D cooperation, a survey was conducted of R and D potentials in Asia and R and D support policies of the countries. As a result of the survey, the following are taken up as items to be considered: promotion of exchanges between Tsukuba, etc. in Japan and research/university towns and science parks being constructed in lots of countries, participation of private companies in high-tech joint work in cooperation with Japan, sending information from Japan using internet, etc. and exact grasp of needs at partner side, cooperation given to new comers without asking for research results (use of OB researchers, etc.) 25 refs., 39 figs., 59 tabs.

  4. 儿童家具行业发展动态和趋势研究%Dynamics and Development Trend of Furniture for Kids Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范伟勇; 赵志娟

    2011-01-01

    Recent years, furniture for kids has gradually become a hot spotfocus in furniture industry. This paper briefly describes the development status of furniture for kids in the United States and Italy, and summarizeoutlines the development of the domestic status from the aspect of from the perspective of technical progress, brand building, marketing and competition. Starting Analysis on demands of furniture for kids, demonstrates market prospects and development.%介绍了美国、意大利的儿童家具发展状况,着重从技术进步、品牌建设、市场营销、竞争态势、存在的问题等方面,对国内儿童家具的发展现状做了概述,并且从儿童家具的市场需求和分析入手,提出了儿童家具的市场前景和发展趋势.

  5. 餐饮行业 O2O 的发展路径及趋势研究%Research on Development Path and Trend of O2O Model in Catering Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王乐鹏; 李春丽; 王颖

    2014-01-01

    餐饮行业涉足O2O时间较早。本文提出了餐饮行业O2O的发展路径、特点,涵盖点评、优惠券、团购、线上订座、电子会员卡等多个关键路径,并对餐饮行业O2O未来发展趋势进行了预测,认为线上订座和电子会员卡代表了行业的未来。%Catering industry got involved in O2O model in the early years. This paper has brought out the de-velopment path of the catering industry O2O model which includes comments, coupons, group purchase, online booking and electronic membership card. The paper analyzes its characteristics and trend, and predicts that online booking and electronic membership card are among the most potential services.

  6. 我国苹果醋产业现状、存在问题及发展趋势%Industry Present Situation,Problems and Development Trend of Apple Cider Vinegar in Our Country

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张霁红; 张永茂; 康三江; 张海燕

    2014-01-01

    介绍了国内外苹果醋企业发展、市场需求、加工技术装备、工艺水平、主要研究内容、标准体系与质量控制状况等方面的发展现状,分析了目前我国苹果醋产业发展中存在的问题,并进一步指出我国苹果醋产业发展的趋势。%The development of enterprises, market demand, processing technology and equipment, technology level, main research contents, standards and quality control of apple cider vinegar at home and abroad were introduced in this paper. At the same time, the problems were analyzed that existing in the development of apple vinegar industry, and the development trend was further pointed out of apple cider vinegar industry in China.

  7. Trends in economic scarcity of U. S. timber commodities. Forest Service Resource Bulletin

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Skog, K.; Risbrudt, C.

    1982-04-01

    Scarcity of natural resources has been of concern to industrial societies since Malthus developed his theory of population growth and resource use in the late 18th century. Barnett and Morse, in 1963, tested the widely held premise that natural resource commodities are becoming more economically scarce. They concluded that of all major natural resource commodities-agricultural, mineral, and timber-only timber commodities were increasing in economic scarcity. In particular, sawlogs have shown consistent increases in economic scarcity since the late 1800's. Data were prepared for the Barnett and Morse study by Potter and Christy and subsequently updated by Potter and Christy and subsequently updated by Manthy to 1973. This paper extends and expands these data series on timber commodities. Specifically, information will be presented on one indicator of economic scarcity-trends in real prices (prices deflated by the general producer price index).

  8. [Retinoblastoma update].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aerts, I; Lumbroso-Le Rouic, L; Gauthier-Villars, M; Brisse, H; Doz, F

    2016-01-01

    Retinoblastoma is the most common intraocular malignancy of infancy with an incidence of 1/15,000 births. Sixty percent of retinoblastomas are unilateral, with a median age at diagnosis of 2 years, and in most cases they are not hereditary. Retinoblastoma is bilateral in 40% of cases, with an earlier median age at diagnosis of 1 year. All bilateral and multifocal unilateral forms are hereditary and are part of a genetic cancer predisposition syndrome. All children with a bilateral or familial form, and 10-15% of children with a unilateral form, constitutionally carry an RB1 gene mutation. The two most frequent symptoms at diagnosis are leukocoria and strabismus. Diagnosis is made by fundoscopy, with ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contributing both to diagnosis and assessment of the extension of the disease. Treatment of patients with retinoblastoma must take into account the various aspects of the disease (unilateral/bilateral, size, location), the risks for vision, and the possible hereditary nature of the disease. The main prognostic aspects are still early detection and adapted coverage by a multidisciplinary, highly specialized team. Enucleation is still often necessary in unilateral disease; the decision for adjuvant treatment is made according to the histological risk factors. The most important recent therapeutic advances concern conservative treatment, which is proposed for at least one of the two eyes in most bilateral cases: laser alone or in combination with chemotherapy, cryotherapy, or brachytherapy. Recently, the development of new conservative techniques of treatment, such as intra-arterial selective chemotherapy perfusion and intravitreal injections, aims at preserving visual function in these children and decreasing the number of enucleations and the need for external beam radiotherapy. The vital prognosis related to retinoblastoma is now excellent in industrialized countries, but long-term survival is still related to the

  9. 2012年国内外小麦产业发展特点、趋势及建议%Characteristics, Trends and Suggestions of Wheat Industry Development Domestically and Abroad in 2012

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜楠; 韩一军; 李雪

    2013-01-01

    2012年国内外小麦产业发生了一些新变化,世界小麦产量减少,小麦消费量略降,供求形势趋紧,贸易量下降,国际小麦价格呈现前低后高走势.国内小麦生产实现“九连丰”,供需平衡有余,市场价格稳中上涨,小麦产业呈健康发展态势.本文总结国内外小麦产业的发展特点,分析小麦供求形势及未来变化趋势,并提出促进小麦产业发展的政策建议.%The wheat industry domestically and aborad have made some changes in 2012.The yield of world wheat decreased,and the consumption of wheat was also slightly down.The supply and demand situation of world wheat was going to tighten,therefore,the price of world wheat went higher in the end of the year.The wheat had the ninth good harvest in China,the supply of wheat was enough to the demand,and the price of wheat slightly rose in domestic market.This article summarized development status and characteristics of wheat industry domestically and aborad,and analyzed supply and demand situation of wheat and its future trends.The reasonable development policies for wheat industry were made finally.

  10. Trends in DDT and pyrethroid resistance in Anopheles gambiae s.s. populations from urban and agro-industrial settings in southern Cameroon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kerah-Hinzoumbé Clément

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Pyrethroid insecticides are widely used for insect pest control in Cameroon. In certain insect species, particularly the malaria vector Anopheles gambiae, resistance to this class of insecticides is a source of great concern and needs to be monitored in order to sustain the efficacy of vector control operations in the fields. This study highlights trends in DDT and pyrethroid resistance in wild An. gambiae populations from South Cameroon. Methods Mosquitoes were collected between 2001 and 2007 in four sites in South Cameroon, where insecticides are used for agricultural or personal protection purposes. Insecticide use was documented in each site by interviewing residents. Batches of 2-4 days old adult female mosquitoes reared from larval collections were tested for susceptibility to DDT, permethrin and deltamethrin using standard WHO procedures. Control, dead and survivors mosquitoes from bioassays were identified by PCR-RFLP and characterized for the kdr mutations using either the AS-PCR or the HOLA method. Results Four chemical insecticide groups were cited in the study sites: organochlorines, organophosphates, carbamates and pyrethroids. These chemicals were used for personal, crop or wood protection. In the four An. gambiae populations tested, significant variation in resistance levels, molecular forms composition and kdr frequencies were recorded in the time span of the study. Increases in DDT and pyrethroid resistance, as observed in most areas, were generally associated with an increase in the relative frequency of the S molecular form carrying the kdr mutations at higher frequencies. In Mangoum, however, where only the S form was present, a significant increase in the frequency of kdr alleles between 2003 to 2007 diverged with a decrease of the level of resistance to DDT and pyrethroids. Analyses of the kdr frequencies in dead and surviving mosquitoes showed partial correlation between the kdr genotypes and resistance

  11. Study of Updating Initiating Event Frequency using Prognostics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Hyeonmin; Lee, Sang-Hwan; Park, Jun-seok; Kim, Hyungdae; Chang, Yoon-Suk; Heo, Gyunyoung [Kyung Hee Univ., Yongin (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-10-15

    The Probabilistic Safety Assessment (PSA) model enables to find the relative priority of accident scenarios, weak points in achieving accident prevention or mitigation, and insights to improve those vulnerabilities. Thus, PSA consider realistic calculation for precise and confidence results. However, PSA model still 'conservative' aspects in the procedures of developing a PSA model. One of the sources for the conservatism is caused by the assumption of safety analysis and the estimation of failure frequency. Recently, Surveillance, Diagnosis, and Prognosis (SDP) is a growing trend in applying space and aviation systems in particular. Furthermore, a study dealing with the applicable areas and state-of-the-art status of the SDP in nuclear industry was published. SDP utilizing massive database and information technology among such enabling techniques is worthwhile to be highlighted in terms of the capability of alleviating the conservatism in the conventional PSA. This paper review the concept of integrating PSA and SDP and suggest the updated methodology of Initiating Event (IE) using prognostics. For more detailed, we focus on IE of the Steam Generator Tube Rupture (SGTR) considering tube degradation. This paper is additional research of previous our suggested the research. In this paper, the concept of integrating PSA and SDP are suggested. Prognostics algorithms in SDP are applied at IE, Bes in the Level 1 PSA. As an example, updating SGTR IE and its ageing were considered. Tube ageing were analyzed by using PASTA and Monte Carlo method. After analyzing the tube ageing, conventional SGTR IE were updated by using Bayesian approach. The studied method can help to cover the static and conservatism in PSA.

  12. Housing trends and impact on wood manufacturing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matt Bumgardner; Urs Buehlmann; Al Schuler; Karen. Koenig

    2013-01-01

    Demand from housing and other construction-related sectors continues to be an important issue for the secondary wood products industry. Conducted in early 2013, this fourth annual survey provides updated information on the status and actions of U.S. manufacturers affected by these industries. The study is a joint effort by Virginia Tech, the USDA Forest Service, and...

  13. Update in Internal Medicine

    Science.gov (United States)

    López-Jiménez, Francisco; Brito, Máximo; Aude, Y. Wady; Scheinberg, Phillip; Kaplan, Mariana; Dixon, Denise A.; Schneiderman, Neil; Trejo, Jorge F.; López-Salazar, Luis Humberto; Ramírez-Barba, Ector Jaime; Kalil, Roberto; Ortiz, Carmen; Goyos, José; Buenaño, Alvaro; Kottiech, Samer; Lamas, Gervasio A.

    2009-01-01

    More than 500,000 new medical articles are published every year and available time to keep updated is scarcer every day. Nowadays, the task of selecting useful, consistent, and relevant information for clinicians is a priority in many major medical journals. This review has the aim of gathering the results of the most important findings in clinical medicine in the last few years. It is focused on results from randomized clinical trials and well-designed observational research. Findings were included preferentially if they showed solid results, and we avoided as much as possible including only preliminary data, or results that included only non-clinical outcomes. Some of the most relevant findings reported here include the significant benefit of statins in patients with coronary artery disease even with mean cholesterol level. It also provides a substantial review of the most significant trials assessing the effectiveness of IIb/IIIa receptor blockers. In gastroenterology many advances have been made in the H. pylori eradication, and the finding that the cure of H. pylori infection may be followed by gastroesophageal reflux disease. Some new antivirals have shown encouraging results in patients with chronic hepatitis. In the infectious disease arena, the late breaking trials in anti-retroviral disease are discussed, as well as the new trends regarding antibiotic resistance. This review approaches also the role of leukotriene modifiers in the treatment of asthma and discusses the benefit of using methylprednisolone in patients with adult respiratory distress syndrome, among many other advances in internal medicine. PMID:11068074

  14. Mortality study update of ethylene oxide workers in chemical manufacturing: a 15 year update.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swaen, Gerard M H; Burns, Carol; Teta, Jane M; Bodner, Kenneth; Keenan, Dave; Bodnar, Catherine M

    2009-06-01

    To investigate the long-term mortality patterns of workers with past exposure to ethylene oxide (EO). We redefined and updated a cohort of male workers employed in industrial facilities where EO was produced or used. All 2063 men were employed between 1940 and the end of 1988 and were observed for mortality through 2003. Cause specific Standardized Mortality Ratios were calculated. Internal analyses were made by applying Cox proportional hazards models to the data. No indications were found for excess cancer risks from EO exposures, including the lymphohematopoietic malignancies. There were 11 leukemia deaths and 11.8 expected and 12 non-Hodgkin lymphoma deaths and 11.5 expected. Proportional hazards modeling for all cause, leukemia and lymphoid malignancies mortality revealed no trends or associations with cumulative exposure. Despite the relatively high EO exposures in the past and extensive mortality follow-up, the cause specific mortality rates are comparable with those of the general US population. The Standardized Mortality Ratio analyses and the proportional hazards modeling for all cause mortality, leukemia and lymphoid malignancies mortality do not indicate exposure related effects in this cohort.

  15. Communication technology update and fundamentals

    CERN Document Server

    Grant, August E

    2014-01-01

    A classic now in its 14th edition, Communication Technology Update and Fundamentals is the single best resource for students and professionals looking to brush up on how these technologies have developed, grown, and converged, as well as what's in store for the future. It begins by developing the communication technology framework-the history, ecosystem, and structure-then delves into each type of technology, including everything from mass media, to computers and consumer electronics, to networking technologies. Each chapter is written by faculty and industry experts who p

  16. in FASH Releases Color Trends for A/W 10/11 & S/S 2011

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Color trend insights extremely benefit textile and fashion industries What is the next big Trend? This is not just the question to get dressed in trend. But trends information is highly essential for designers and

  17. Present Status of Growth of Domestic Chemical Fertilizer Industry from View Point of Trend in World Chemical Fertilizer Structure%从世界化肥结构动态看我国化肥行业发展现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱东方; 何建芳; 陈明良

    2011-01-01

    On the basis of the growth trend in fertilizers of world developed nations, an analysis is done of the present status of development of the domestic compound fertilizer industry, fertilizer utilization ratio, fertilizer application based on soil analysis and formulation, pollution from application of chemical fertilizers, and new types of fertilizers. Based on the development status of domestic chemical fertilizers, suggestions for sustained growth are proposed, viz., the compound fertilizer industry should improve the product quality, lower the cost; the nitrogenous fertilizer industry should change the present pattern of urea alone taking the greatest share and may vigorously increase nitric acid and ammonia-based nitrogenous fertilizer; however, the phosphatic fertilizer industry, in the light of the domestic conditions and the limitation of the mineral resources, should continue to produce low-analysis phosphatic fertilizers, and slow down the growth of high-analysis ones; and it should attach great importance to developing organic fertilizers, especially organic-inorganic compound fertilizers.%根据世界发达国家肥料发展的趋势,对我国复合混肥行业、肥料利用率、测土配方施肥、化肥施用污染、新型肥料的发展现状等进行了分析.根据我国化肥行业的发展现状,提出了可持续发展的建议,即:复合肥行业应提升产品品质,降低成本;氮肥行业应改变目前尿素独大的格局,可大力发展硝酸氨基氮肥;而磷肥行业应根据我国的国情和矿产资源的有限性,应保留低浓度磷肥,减缓高浓度磷肥的发展;重视有机肥的开发,尤其是有机-无机复混肥.

  18. 我国产学研合作发展的历史演进、阶段特点及发展趋势%On Historical Evolution, Periodic Characteristic and Development Trend of Industrial-university-research Cooperation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱一佳

    2013-01-01

      在国内经济转型升级和国家创新体系建设的目标下,产学研合作发展这一生产方式越来越受到各合作主体的青睐。我国产学研合作发展过程可分为三个阶段,每个阶段有对应于现状的特点与不足。我国产学研合作正形成以企业为主体,科研为依托,市场为导向,以形成创新机制为主线的合作新趋势,不断向纵深层次和实体化系统性运作的方向发展。产学研合作中各主体地位更加明确,各主体职能分工更加合理,合作结构更加科学。%  Thanks to the transformation and upgrading of domestic economy and national innovation system construction , the production mode of industrial-university-research cooperation and development is increasingly becoming the preference of various cooperation main body .The development process of industry-university-research cooperation in our country can be divided into three stages, each stage has its characteristic and deficiencies corresponding to the current situation .Now, a new cooperating trend of industry-university-research cooperation in China is formed , with enterprises as the main body, scientific research as the backing , the market as the guidance, innovation mechanism as the main line , constantly to the direction of deep, wide level and substantiation systematic operation .The position of each main body in industry-university-research cooperation becomes more clear , with more reasonable function division and more scientific cooperation structure .

  19. Natural gas 1998: Issues and trends

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-06-01

    Natural Gas 1998: Issues and Trends provides a summary of the latest data and information relating to the US natural gas industry, including prices, production, transmission, consumption, and the financial and environmental aspects of the industry. The report consists of seven chapters and five appendices. Chapter 1 presents a summary of various data trends and key issues in today`s natural gas industry and examines some of the emerging trends. Chapters 2 through 7 focus on specific areas or segments of the industry, highlighting some of the issues associated with the impact of natural gas operations on the environment. 57 figs., 18 tabs.

  20. Recent growth trends and challenges in the Norwegian aquaculture industry Tendencias recientes de crecimiento y desafíos de la industria acuícola en Noruega

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asbjørn Bergheim

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Over the last 20 years, the Norwegian production of salmon and rainbow trout has increased by about 10% per year and will exceed 1 million MT in 2010. All on-growing after stocking in sea takes place in open cages in the fjords and along the coast, and the average cage volume has increased by about 300 times since the 1980's. Out of a total number of 4,000 cages more than 1,200 cages hold 20,000-60,000 m³. In 2005, the term 'maximum allowable biomass (MAB' was introduced and limits the highest annual production to 65 tons per 1,000 m³ licensed volume. Generally, the increasing volume and deeper cages have made the control of the fish stock more challenging. Sea lice attacks, especially in South Norway, have represented a major problem over the last three years. Reduced growth, increased mortality and lice treatment leads to significant losses and extra costs for the industry. Some recent reports indicate that increased use of wrasses in the cages improved the situation in the summer 2010 compared to the previous year. Extensive vaccinating and strict regulations regarding handling, etc. usually result in effective protection against diseases, but still there may occur regional outbreaks of serious diseases, such as pancreas disease (PD and infectious salmon anaemia (ISA. Attacks of sea lice and escape of salmon and trout from fish farms are considered to be among the main reasons for the strongly reduced wild stocks of sea trout and a reduced return of salmon spawners in the fjords and along the coast of southwest Norway.Durante los últimos 20 anos, la producción de salmón y trucha arcoiris en Noruega se ha incrementado en un 10% al ano y sobrepasará 1 millón de toneladas para el 2010. Todo el proceso de "engorda" ocurre en balsas-jaulas emplazadas en los fiordos y zonas costeras. El volumen promedio de una balsa-jaula se ha incrementado en un 300% desde sus inicios en 1980. En un universo de 4,000 balsas-jaulas se tiene que más de 1

  1. MINING INDUSTRY IN CROATIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Slavko Vujec

    1996-12-01

    Full Text Available The trends of World and European mine industry is presented with introductory short review. The mining industry is very important in economy of Croatia, because of cover most of needed petroleum and natural gas quantity, total construction raw materials and industrial non-metallic raw minerals. Detail quantitative presentation of mineral raw material production is compared with pre-war situation. The value of annual production is represented for each raw mineral (the paper is published in Croatian.

  2. INDUSTRI KREATIF INDONESIA: PENDEKATAN ANALISIS KINERJA INDUSTRI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Kamil

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available In 2008, the Department of Commerce of the Republic of Indonesia has launched a creative economic development documents interpreted the 2025 Indonesia became the starting point and guide the development of the creative economy in Indonesia. With the existence of this document, the industry and its stakeholders or other stakeholders can readily develop the creative economy in Indonesia. Economic development in the direction of the creative industries is one manifestation of optimism aspiration to support the Master Plan for the Acceleration and Expansion of Indonesia's Economic Development in realizing the vision of Indonesia are being developed nation. The main objective of this study is the first to analyze the role of the creative industries in Indonesia for labor, value added and productivity, secondly, to analyze the performance trend of the creative industries sector, and third, to analyze the factors affecting the performance of the creative industries sector in Indonesia. Under Indonesia Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC and codes 151-372 (manufacturing industries category identified 18 industry groups belonging to the creative industries, showed that the performance of the national creative industries has been relatively high (in terms of trend analysis of the performance of the industrial creative. Furthermore, regression analysis of panel data (econometrics indicates that company size (SIZE, wages for workers (WAGE and the content of local inputs (LOCAL has a significant impact on the performance of Indonesia's creative industry. Meanwhile, the concentration ratio (CR4 no consequences but have koresi significantly positive effect on the performance of Indonesia’s creative industry.

  3. Comparação entre as tendências e estratégias da indústria automotiva no Brasil e na Europa Trends and strategies in the automotive industry: a comparative study of Brazilian and European markets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Felipe Scavarda

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available A indústria automotiva está passando por transformações que vêm provocando a diversificação e segmentação do mercado, a redução do ciclo de vida de modelos de veículos e a oferta de variedades de atributos desses modelos para os clientes. Este artigo tem por objetivos analisar essas tendências e avaliar as principais estratégias desenvolvidas e implementadas pelas montadoras de veículos nos mercados brasileiro e europeu, para fazer face a estas tendências. Os resultados obtidos no Brasil pelos autores deste artigo foram analisados tendo como base a metodologia científica adotada em uma pesquisa similar desenvolvida na Europa. Os resultados mostram como as estratégias de plataformas, de configuração tardia e de pacotes de opcionais estão sendo implementadas pelas montadoras, permitindo uma comparação entre os dois mercados examinados.The automotive industry is undergoing transformations that have led to the segmentation and diversification of its market, reductions in the life cycle of vehicle models, and the offer of a variety of features of these models to consumers. Within this context, this paper analyzes these trends and evaluates the key strategies developed and implemented by Brazilian and European automakers in face of these trends. Our findings, which are analyzed using the same methodology adopted in a similar survey conducted in Europe, indicate how platform, late configuration and option bundling strategies have been implemented by automakers, allowing for a comparison of the two markets in question.

  4. Recent advances and future trends in process science of industrial biotechnology%工业生物技术的过程科学研究概况及发展趋势

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭天伟; 秦培勇

    2013-01-01

    简述了工业生物技术领域在过程科学方面的研究现状及发展趋势,从“细胞群体效应及过程放大原理”、“工业生物过程物质和能量传递与生物转化规律”、“工业生物过程优化新方法”等3个方面介绍了我国工业生物技术过程科学的重点进展和在国际上的地位,最后从“生物原料高效转化”、“生物转化过程物质和能量协调和匹配”、“生物过程强化”、“生物过程系统集成”等方面提出了工业生物技术在过程科学研究方面未来的战略方向.%Recent advances in process science of industrial biotechnology in China and potential research focus were reviewed. The main recent advances and current status of bioprocess science in China, including quorum sensing and principle of bioprocess scale-up, mass and energy transfer in the process of biotransformation, and novel strategies of bioprocess optimization were discussed. Future trends in bioprocess science were also discussed. The future trends include high efficiency transformation of biomass, coordination of mass and energy balance, bioprocess intensification, and system integration.

  5. Tendencias en investigación sobre seguridad y salud laboral: Propuesta metodológica aplicada al sector de la construcción Trends in research about occupational safety and health: Methodology applied to the construction industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gloria Isabel Carvajal Peláez

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se realiza un análisis de las tendencias en investigación sobre seguridad y salud ocupacional aplicadas al sector de la construcción. Se investigaron fuentes publicadas en inglés (1930 -2007 y se encontraron más de 250 artículos. Para clasificar la información, se propone el "ciclo riesgo accidente" formado por cinco pasos que reflejan la realidad de la seguridad laboral en la construcción. Para cada paso, se seleccionaron las publicaciones más representativas y se elaboraron árboles de evolución lógica teniendo en cuenta el contenido, grado de importancia, orden cronológico, aplicación sobre cada tema, etc. Con estos árboles, se pasa de lo general a lo particular en forma cronológica, para demostrar las tendencias actuales en investigación en seguridad y salud en la construcción y podemos concluir que la investigación en este aspecto sigue siendo escasa, tratándose de un campo lleno de oportunidades y con un futuro prometedor.This article analyzes trends in research in occupational safety and health applied to the construction industry. The sources of information published in English (1930-2007 and found more than 250 articles. In order to classify these documents, is proposed the "risk-accident cycle" composes by five steps that reflect the reality of occupational safety and health in the construction industry. For each one of them, the papers more representative were selected and later elaborated a tree of chronological evolution considering aspects such as the content, degree of importance, chronological order, application on each subject, etc. With the elaboration of these trees, show the passage of the general to the particular in chronological form, for demonstrating the actual trends in research in safety and health in the construction. As a final remark, nowadays, research in safety and health in the construction is still very limited, being a field with many opportunities and a promising future.

  6. Nationwide Trends

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Pain Prevention Recovery Substance Use and SUDs in LGBT Populations Treatment Trends & Statistics Women and Drugs Publications ... of illegal drugs, including marijuana according to federal law, and misuse of prescription drugs. † Binge drinking is ...

  7. Information Services of Maritime Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palazov, Atanas; Stefanov, Asen

    2015-04-01

    The ultimate goal of modern oceanography is an end user oriented product. Beneficiaries are the governmental services, coast-based enterprises and research institutions that make use of the products generated by operational oceanography. Direct potential users and customers are coastal managers, shipping, offshore industry, ports and harbours, fishing, tourism and recreation industry, and scientific community. Indirect beneficiaries, through climate forecasting based on ocean observations, are food, energy, water and medical suppliers. Five general classes of users for data and information are specified: (1) operational users that analyze the collected data and produce different forecasts serving to impose regulation measures; (2) authorities and managers of large-scale projects needing timely oceanographic information, including statistics and climatic trends; (3) industrial enterprises, safety of structures and avoiding of pollution; (4) tourism and recreation related users aiming protection of human health; (5) scientists, engineers, and economists carrying out special researches, strategic design studies, and other investigations to advance the application of marine data. The analysis of information received during the extensive inquiry among all potential end users reveals variety of data and information needs encompassing physical, chemical, biological and hydrometeorological observation. Nevertheless, the common requirement concerns development of observing and forecasting systems providing accurate real-time or near-real time data and information supporting decision making and environmental management. Availability of updated information on the actual state as well as forecast for the future changes of marine environment are essential for the success and safety of maritime operations in the offshore industry. For this purpose different systems have been developed to collect data and to produce forecasts on the state of the marine environment and to provide

  8. 文化创意产业研究的发展趋势及焦点演进分析--兼对宁波儿童文化创意产业的分析%The Development Trend and the Evolution Hotspots of Cultural and Creative Industries---Take Example for the Children of Ningbo Cultural and Creative Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘彩珍

    2014-01-01

    Cultural and creative industries need practices and explorations and need even more the forward-looking guidance of theoretical research in order to achieve its accurate orientation,Policy guidance and fast development.Based on the documented data source from 2000 to 2014of the full-text periodical database (CNKI),this thesis aims to draw the knowledge mapping of researches on Cultural and creative industries. With the help of the information visualization techniques and tools (Citespace 1I),the research hotspots and forefronts of Cultural and creative industries were visually exhibited,and it clearly reflect their theoretical exploration and development path.The study found that: the cultural and creative industries and creative economy gradually broke through the traditional research framework about 2004, and quickly entered a literature explosion stage. The research content combined personnel training, the intangible cultural heritage from the fields of characteristics of cultural and creative industries. At the same time, With the help of study, we can know well the development trend of Ningbo children’s cultural and creative industry.%文化创意产业的准确定位、政策引导、跨越发展,不仅需要实践的探索,更需要深入理论研究的前瞻性指导。为了直观地展现文化创意产业研究的深度与广度,以中国知网(CNKI)2000-2014年的文献记录为数据源,利用动态网络分析的信息可视化软件citespace,绘制出了文化创意产业研究的知识图谱。研究发现:2004年前后,文化创意产业与创意经济逐步突破了传统文化创意产业的研究框架,迅速进入了一个文献爆炸的阶段。研究的内容逐步从文化创意产业的特征分析转向与人才培养、非物质文化遗产等领域的结合。同时,结合这一知识谱系分析,对宁波儿童文化创意产业的发展趋势进行了理论分析和对策建议。

  9. Tourism Equilibrium Price Trends

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Mohebi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: A review of the tourism history shows that tourism as an industry was virtually unknown in Malaysia until the late 1960s. Since then, it has developed and grown into a major industry, making an important contribution to the country's economy. By allocating substantial funds to the promotion of tourism and the provision of the necessary infrastructure, the government has played an important role in the impressive progress of the Malaysian tourism industry. One of the important factors which can attract tourists to Malaysia is the tourism price. Has the price of tourism decreased? To answer this question, it is necessary to obtain the equilibrium prices as well as the yearly trend for Malaysia during the sample period as it will be useful for analysis of the infrastructure situation of the tourism industry in this country. The purpose of the study is to identify equilibrium tourism price trends in Malaysian tourism market. Approach: We use hotel room as representative of tourism market. Quarterly data from 1995-2009 are used and a dynamic model of simultaneous equation is employed. Results: Based on the result during the period of 1995 until 2000, the growth rate of the equilibrium price was greater than consumer price index and producer price index. Conclusion: In the Malaysian tourism market, new infrastructure during this period had not been developed to keep pace with tourist arrivals.

  10. Lodging Update: Providence, Rhode Island

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ragel Roginsky

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Each quarter, Pinnacle Advisory Group prepares an analysis of the New England lodging industry, which provides a regional summary and then focuses in depth on a particular market. These reviews look at recent and proposed supply changes, factors affecting demand and growth rates, and the effects of interactions between such supply and demand trends. In this issue, the authors spotlight the lodging market in Providence, Rhode Island.

  11. Hospitality Management: Perspectives from Industry Advisor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rachel Roginsky

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available In prior quarterly reports, Pinnacle Advisory Group presented timely updates about the New England lodging industry, which included focused profiles on particular cities. In this issue, the firm offers more general insight about the hospitality industry. Several Pinnacle executives recently participated in a panel discussion about investment, management, and careers in the hospitality industry.

  12. Hospitality Management: Perspectives from Industry Advisor

    OpenAIRE

    Rachel Roginsky; Matthew Arrants

    2013-01-01

    In prior quarterly reports, Pinnacle Advisory Group presented timely updates about the New England lodging industry, which included focused profiles on particular cities. In this issue, the firm offers more general insight about the hospitality industry. Several Pinnacle executives recently participated in a panel discussion about investment, management, and careers in the hospitality industry.

  13. Our Strategic Emerging Industrial Cluster:Development Characteristics and Trend Analysis%中国战略性新兴产业集聚发展的特征与趋势分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹辉

    2014-01-01

    Propelling the progress of strategic emerging industrial cluster as major planning of our economic and social development has been carried out gradually in the transforming modes of central and local govern-ments. Strategic emerging industrial cluster has shown the space agglomeration,innovation driving,industrial fusing in their development,and in our practice,it presents obvious characteristics,external propelling by government′s policies,internal enhancement of market mechanism,key supporting from culture and tradition, and sustainable driving of innovative capacity. According to our situations,our country undertakes innovations grounded on established or on-building hi-tech development zones,fulfilling clustering progress,which means the primary stage of strategic emerging industrial cluster. And a relatively-mature stage is on the way,featu-ring the progress of industrial innovation strategic union combing self-innovation-based development with active market cooperation. The advanced stage should be represented by innovation-driving cluster progress of trans-regional and multi-national breakthrough that can lead the trend of market and society,which also embodies the carrier of inner power of our economic development as well as the continuous diligence of our nation for in-novation.%加快战略性新兴产业集聚发展,是我国当前经济社会发展的重要战略部署,并且已经逐渐落实到了中央及各省市的转变经济发展方式进程中。战略性新兴产业集聚发展具有空间集聚、创新驱动、产业融合等内涵,并在我国当前实践中呈现出了政府政策的外在推动、市场机制的内在提升、文化传统的重要依托、创新能力的持续动力等显著特征。结合我国国情,当前我国正在依托现有或正在建设的高新技术开发区的创新资源,进行创新升级并集聚发展,这是战略性新兴产业集聚发展的初级阶段,并且正在努力向市场主体

  14. Oregon's forest products industry: 1976.

    Science.gov (United States)

    James O. Howard; Bruce A. Hiserote

    1976-01-01

    This report presents the findings of a 100-percent canvas of the primary forest products industry in Oregon for 1976. Tabular presentation includes characteristics of the industry log consumption and disposition of mill residues. Accompanying the tables is a descriptive analysis of conditions and trends in the industry.

  15. Development Trend of China's Plastics Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Hui-di

    2005-01-01

    @@ China's economy is at an important turning point. After more than 20 years of high-speed development, to maintain a high growth rate continuously is more difficult ,as shown by international experience.

  16. Country Update: Israel 2005

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marar, Marianne Maurice

    2005-01-01

    Country Updates is a new section of "Intercultural Education." Starting in "Intercultural Education," Volume 16 No. 5, this column will focus on recent developments during the last two to three years in the field of intercultural education in one particular country. These updates can include recent policy decisions, the main…

  17. Training requirements for agro-food industry in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro D. Gaspar

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Agro-food companies are aware that the technical and soft skills of their employees directly influence business performance and, consequently, improving those skills will enhance the effectiveness and efficiency of their companies. This paper presents the main results of the AgriTraining project “Training requirements for the agro-food industry". Activities in pursuit of the objectives of this project involved: (1 analysis of the training needs in the agro-food industry in Portugal; (2 analysis of the training provision and the training organizations; (3 analysis of market trends; (4 definition of a training strategy; and (5 adjustment and development of training strategies for the agro-food sector. This last activity comprised the development of training curricula, suitable for the food sector as a whole and adjusted for the specific needs of some traditional industries, in order to promote the development and competitiveness of the agro-food industry in Portugal. Such training curricula aimed to promote the uptake of innovative technologies and methodologies, increase the ability of agro-food industries to invest and take risks, and enable adoption of European Community standards for production and marketing. Gaps in training supply were identified and the training provision was updated according to the needs of the agro-food companies. It was determined that companies need and demand knowledge and innovation to increase their competitive position for internationalization purposes. It was possible to define a training strategy based on market-orientation for agro-food differentiation.

  18. Training requirements for agro-food industry in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro D. Gaspar

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Agro-food companies are aware that the technical and soft skills of their employees directly influence business performance and, consequently, improving those skills will enhance the effectiveness and efficiency of their companies. This paper presents the main results of the AgriTraining project “Training requirements for the agro-food industry". Activities in pursuit of the objectives of this project involved: (1 analysis of the training needs in the agro-food industry in Portugal; (2 analysis of the training provision and the training organizations; (3 analysis of market trends; (4 definition of a training strategy; and (5 adjustment and development of training strategies for the agro-food sector. This last activity comprised the development of training curricula, suitable for the food sector as a whole and adjusted for the specific needs of some traditional industries, in order to promote the development and competitiveness of the agro-food industry in Portugal. Such training curricula aimed to promote the uptake of innovative technologies and methodologies, increase the ability of agro-food industries to invest and take risks, and enable adoption of European Community standards for production and marketing. Gaps in training supply were identified and the training provision was updated according to the needs of the agro-food companies. It was determined that companies need and demand knowledge and innovation to increase their competitive position for internationalization purposes. It was possible to define a training strategy based on market-orientation for agro-food differentiation.

  19. The Composition, Evolution and Development Trend of the Profit Share of China''s Industrial Sector%我国工业部门利润份额的构成、演变及发展趋势

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范方志; 鲁保林; 商建初

    2016-01-01

    Share of profits represents the proportion of the new value created by the enterprise income in the living labor. There are three basic variables to determine the dynamic change of the profit share: labor productivity,real wages and non-productive expenditures. In the next few years,labor productivity in the short term will be difficult to quickly improve,and the upward trend in real wages is difficult to reverse,so the profit share of China''s industrial sector is difficult to continue the upward trend since the end of the 1990''s. In essence, technological innovation is the basic condition for the rising of labor productivity,profit growth and sustainable development,therefore,it''s necessary to build a production mode based on independent innovation and management efficiency,which is helpful to maintain an appropriate profit share level.%利润份额表示企业收入在活劳动创造的新价值中所占的比重.决定利润份额动态变化的基本变量有三个,分别为劳动生产率,实际工资和非生产性支出.未来几年,由于劳动生产率在短期内难以快速提高,且实际工资的上涨趋势难以逆转,我国工业部门利润份额难以延续1990年代末以来的上升态势.从本质来看,技术创新是劳动生产率上升、利润增长和可持续发展的根本条件,因此构建一个基于自主创新和管理效率提高的生产方式有助于保持一个适当的利润份额水平.

  20. Recent trends in space mapping technology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bandler, John W.; Cheng, Qingsha S.; Hailu, Daniel;

    2004-01-01

    We review recent trends in the art of Space Mapping (SM) technology for modeling and design of engineering devices and systems. The SM approach aims at achieving a satisfactory solution with a handful of computationally expensive so-called "fine" model evaluations. SM procedures iteratively update...

  1. Investigating English pronunciation trends and directions

    CERN Document Server

    Mompean, Jose A

    2015-01-01

    This book updates the latest research in the field of 'English pronunciation', providing readers with a number of original contributions that represent trends in the field. Topics include sociophonetic or sound-symbolic aspects of pronunciation English pronunciation teaching and learning.

  2. Recent trends in space mapping technology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bandler, John W.; Cheng, Qingsha S.; Hailu, Daniel

    2004-01-01

    We review recent trends in the art of Space Mapping (SM) technology for modeling and design of engineering devices and systems. The SM approach aims at achieving a satisfactory solution with a handful of computationally expensive so-called "fine" model evaluations. SM procedures iteratively update...

  3. Energy research within the forest industry in Sweden and Finland. Update for the period 1996-2000; Skogsindustriell energiforskning i Sverige och Finland. Uppdatering av forskningslaeget 1996-2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Norrstroem, Hans; Ahlroth, Mikael; Nordgren, Mats [AaF-IPK AB, Stockholm (Sweden)

    2001-02-01

    This report is a summary of the energy research conducted in Sweden and Finland during the years 1996-2000 with relevance to the forest industry. The main research topics are gasification of biomass, waste products and black liquor, combustion in fluidized beds and drying technology. Another recent topic is system studies from a national perspective to investigate the long term impact of various factors relevant to the industry like recycled paper and CO-mitigation.

  4. Zhangcha Knitting Industry Features Industrial Cluster Strengths in Shanghai

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wanzy Wang

    2012-01-01

    As one of the key industrial exhibitions representing knitting industrial development trend and competitiveness in China, the 6th China International Knitting Trade Fair, organized by China National Textile and Apparel Council, undertaken by China Knitting Industry Association (CKIA) and The Sub-Council of Textile Industry, CCPIT (CCPIT TEX), China Wool Textile Association, as well as China Bast and Leaf Fibers Textile Association, kicked off from October 22nd to 24th, 2012 at the Shanghai New International Expo Center,

  5. Alternative energies. Updates on progress

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferreira, German (ed.) [CIRCE - Centre of Research for Energy Resources and Consumption, Zaragoza (Spain)

    2013-07-01

    Presents fundamental and applied research of alternative energies. Address key pillars in the alternative energy field, such as: biomass energy, hydrogen energy, solar energy, wind energy, hydroelectric power, geothermal energy and their environmental implications, with the most updated progress. Includes the life cycle assessment and thermoeconomic analysis as tools for evaluating and optimising environmental and cost subjects. This book presents nine chapters based on fundamental and applied research of alternative energies. At the present time, the challenge is that technology has to come up with solutions that can provide environmentally friendly energy supply options that are able to cover the current world energy demand. Experts around the world are working on these issues for providing new solutions that will break the existing technological barriers. This book aims to address key pillars in the alternative energy field, such as: biomass energy, hydrogen energy, solar energy, wind energy, hydroelectric power, geothermal energy and their environmental implications, with the most updated progress for each pillar. It also includes the life cycle assessment (LCA) and thermoeconomic analysis (TA) as tools for evaluating and optimising environmental and cost subjects. Chapters are organized into fundamental research, applied research and future trends; and written for engineers, academic researches and scientists.

  6. The Development Trends of Mobile Applications in the New Industrial Environment%新产业环境下移动应用产品开发趋势研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    隋涌

    2012-01-01

    The development of mobile Internet and the emergence of mobile intelligent terminals in large numbers change the mobile industry basic service model and business model, which make the application store model become the dominant model of mobile services. The application store model produces a large number of innovative applications which is fully integrated mobile computing capabilities of intelligent mobile terminals and the opening ability to the Internet business. Throughout the mobile Internet market situation in the past two years, the product development of mobile application has the trends of platform, business, socialization, branding, personalization, and monetization.%移动互联网的发展和各种移动智能终端的大量涌现,改变了移动产业的基本业务模式和商业模式,使得应用商店模式成为移动业务的主导模式。应用商店模式充分结合了智能移动终端的移动计算能力和互联网的业务开放能力,产生了众多的创新应用。纵观近两年移动互联网的市场现状,移动应用产品的开发具有平台化、商务化、社区化、品牌化、个性化、货币化等趋势。

  7. Tumores ósseos benignos e lesões ósseas Pseudotumorais: tratamento atual e novas tendências Benign bone tumors and tumor-like bone lesions: treatment update and new trends

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Marcos Nogueira Drumond

    2009-10-01

    , which have ossified bone lesions caused by fibrous dysplasia. Aneurismal bone cyst has been treated with sclerosing agents by percutaneous injection, yielding good results. Adjuvants allow joint salvage, maintenance of movements and function, with low rates of recurrence. Among them, the most used ones are bone cement (PMMA, phenol, nitrogen-based cryotherapy, hydrogen peroxide, ethanol and radiotherapy. New methods of treatment include thermal ablation with radiofrequency and laser, mainly utilized for treating osteoid osteoma. Arthroscopy allows resection of benign intra-joint lesions and assists the surgery of subchondral tumors. A great advance is the utilization of synthetic bone substitutes, which are a mixture of osteoinductive growth factors and osteoconductive ceramics, and have presented comparable results to autogenous bone grafts. There is a recent trend for closed treatments, with percutaneous injection of demineralized bone matrix (DBM and calcium sulfate. Autogenous cancellous bone graft remains as the gold standard. Vascularized fibula graft, on the other hand, incorporates faster in the treatment of large destructive lesions. Also, allogenic cortical support allows structural augmentation for aggressive tumors. Freeze-dried allografts are used to fill contained defects and as expanders of autografts. Joint endoprosthesis may be used in large destructive lesions of the distal femur, hip and shoulder.

  8. Telecommunications Trends

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-03-19

    outline for the transition to FTTH which has been generally accepted by the telephone industry. Bellcore envisions the mass integration of FITL starting...Final transition to FTTH may or may not include an ONU on the customer’s site but will include an optical fiber interface to the customer 116 premises

  9. Development Trend of China’s Automobile Industry and the Opportunities and Challenges of Steels for Automobiles%中国汽车发展趋势及汽车用钢面临的机遇与挑战

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    康永林; 朱国明

    2014-01-01

    首先对中国汽车发展的现状与趋势进行了分析预测,2020年中国汽车产量可能达到3600万辆。伴随汽车迅速发展的同时,汽车用钢也面临安全、环境、资源、能源及成本等方面的挑战。中国汽车的高速增长和庞大的市场为汽车用钢的发展带来重大机遇,同时冶金行业也面临来自非钢材料的激烈竞争和用户方面的挑战。就汽车用钢的发展潜力和钢铁行业可能采取的应对方案进行了讨论,分析了近年汽车用高强钢合金含量的发展、新型高强钢的组织性能精细控制及应用技术、超高强双相钢及新型淬火配分钢的精细组织、冷轧高强钢中的纳米粒子析出控制、热成形钢的工艺与组织性能以及先进高强钢的成形应用技术等。最后,举例介绍了汽车用钢供应商的先期介入(EVI)服务体系的加强与完善。%Firstly, the current situation and development trend of China's automobile industry were analyzed and predict-ed, the auto production is likely to reach around 36 million in 2020. With the rapid development of auto, automotive steels are also facing challenges such as safety, environment, resource, energy, cost, and so on. The rapid growth of auto and huge market in China bring great opportunities for the development of automotive steel, while the metallurgical industry is also facing fierce competition from the non-steel material and challenges of users. The development potential of automo-tive steels and the response options that may be taken by steel industries are discussed. The recent development of alloy content in high strength automotive steels, the fine control and application technology of microstructure and properties in new high strength steel, the fine microstructure of ultra-high strength dual phase steel and quenching-partitioning steel, the control of nanoparticle precipitation in cold rolled high strength steel, the process and microstructure and

  10. Educational Reform: Issues and Trends.

    Science.gov (United States)

    International Labour Review, 1995

    1995-01-01

    Reviews trends in different countries regarding educational reform at the primary and secondary levels in terms of educational quality, funding, teacher salaries, class size, and decentralization. Suggests that, even in Japan and other industrialized nations, there is movement away from the constraints of a uniform system. (SK)

  11. TRENDS IN ROMANIAN TOURISM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pirjol Florentina

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Tourism is an industry of the future, having the potential to provide significant revenues, and an industry of 'beauty', because it will protect, preserve and contribute to arranging the environment affected by other human activities. This is why it is very important to know the evolution of this underdeveloped field in our country. This paper is intended as a study on current trends in Romanian tourism without any claim of being an exhaustive research on the industry, describing the main indices of tourist traffic and their influence on Romanian tourism. Nowadays, we witness three main trends in Romanian tourism: sustainability, ecotourism and the increasing presence of cultural tourism. Ecotourism, as a form of tourism, has emerged from people's need to withdraw in nature, to visit and learn about the natural areas which have or have not a national or international protection status. Cultural tourism appears as a type of tourism clearly differentiated from other forms or types of tourism, particularly through motivation. It can be defined as a form of tourist mobility whose primary goal is broadening the horizon of knowledge by uncovering its architectural and artistic heritage and the areas in which it originates. Sustainability for tourism, as for other industries, has three independent aspects: economic, socio-cultural and environmental. Sustainability implies permanence, which means that sustainable tourism requires the optimal use of resources, minimizing the negative economic, socio-cultural and ecological impact, maximizing the benefits upon local communities, national economies and conservation of nature. Regarding statistical data, in what quantity is concerned, there is an increase in Romanian tourism, but in what quality is concerned there is a setback for tourism in the last years. This aspect should make public authorities take concern in improving the infrastructure and the quality of the touristical activity and in diversifying

  12. ACS Updates Environmental Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chemical and Engineering News, 1978

    1978-01-01

    Describes a new publication of a report prepared by the American Chemical Society's Committee on Environmental Improvement. This is a new version that updates a 1969 report and contains additional material and expanded recommendations. (GA)

  13. Veterinary medicines update.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-03-11

    The following information has been produced for Veterinary Record by the Veterinary Medicines Directorate (VMD) to provide an update for veterinary surgeons on recent changes to marketing authorisations for veterinary medicines in the UK and on other relevant issues.

  14. ACS Updates Environmental Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chemical and Engineering News, 1978

    1978-01-01

    Describes a new publication of a report prepared by the American Chemical Society's Committee on Environmental Improvement. This is a new version that updates a 1969 report and contains additional material and expanded recommendations. (GA)

  15. Status Report on Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs). Mid-year update June 2013

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Van Tilburg, X.; Bristow, S. [ECN Policy Studies, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Roeser, F.; Escalante, D.; Fekete, H. [Ecofys, Cologne (Germany)

    2013-06-15

    This mid-year update of the Annual Status Report on Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions, last published by Ecofys and ECN in November 2012, highlights recent trends in NAMA development and support and identifies where more progress is needed.

  16. China Becomes Growth Pole of Global Milk Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ It was recently learnt from China Association of Milk Industry, the developing trend of the global milk industry indicates that,China has become the growth pole of the future development of the global milk industry.

  17. Statistical Trends in Broadcasting. Ninth Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blair (John) and Co., New York, NY.

    A review of trends in broadcasting and an overall economic profile of the broadcasting industry for 1972, with projections for 1973, are given by a collection of tables and graphs. The first portion presents data on total advertising expenditures and trends, along with information on the gross national product and personal consumption spending.…

  18. Addressing mega trends of new age- new challenge of food industry%新时代的大趋势-食品工业面临的新挑战

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李永敬

    2011-01-01

    近30年以来世界持续发生了很大的变化,而变化发展最大的无疑是中国.到2050年,全球人口预计从目前的60亿增加到90亿左右,食品保障将是巨大的挑战;而随着城市化进程的深入,逐步进入老龄社会,人们的生活压力也越来越大,也越来越关心自己的健康状况.到2015年,中国的GDP将达到8600亿美元,占全球的18%,保持为全球第二大经济体;而到2050年,中国GDP达到5万亿美元,便成为全球第一大经济体.不过,中国还面临更大的挑战包括:能源短缺、食品保障、人口增长和老龄化、城市化、生活方式改变以及更多的健康问题.这些大趋势应该引起食品科学家、食品工业和政府相关部门的重视,从而制定出应对这些挑战的策略.食品安全问题同样也是我们必须面对的重大挑战之一.食品和配料企业用创新思维正确应对这些重大挑战,这样我国食品工业才能随着经济的腾飞而同步发展.%In the past thirty years, our world has been changed significantly and continuously, while China changed the most.Our globe are getting warmer and are facing more energy problems, and the population will be increased from about 6 billion to 9 billion in year of 2050, while food security is still a huge challenge.Now we are entering an aging society, while urbanization is happening faster than ever.People are trying to improve their health situation as life styles are much pressured.By 2015 China' s GDP will reach 8.6 trillion USD and cover 18% globally to become the No.2 economy.China will become the No.1 economy in 2050 with GDP of 50 trillion USD.However, China are facing even bigger challenges on energy shortage, food security, population growing and aging, urbanization, life style changing and more demands on health attention.These mega trends should get much more attention from food scientist,food industry and government officials, in order to have strategic direction against these

  19. Rechargeable batteries materials, technologies and new trends

    CERN Document Server

    Zhang, Zhengcheng

    2015-01-01

    This book updates the latest advancements in new chemistries, novel materials and system integration of rechargeable batteries, including lithium-ion batteries and batteries beyond lithium-ion and addresses where the research is advancing in the near future in a brief and concise manner. The book is intended for a wide range of readers from undergraduates, postgraduates to senior scientists and engineers. In order to update the latest status of rechargeable batteries and predict near research trend, we plan to invite the world leading researchers who are presently working in the field to write

  20. Industrial diamond

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olson, D.W.

    2001-01-01

    An overview of the industrial diamond industry is provided. More than 90 percent of the industrial diamond consumed in the U.S. and the rest of the world is manufactured diamond. Ireland, Japan, Russia, and the U.S. produce 75 percent of the global industrial diamond output. In 2000, the U.S. was the largest market for industrial diamond. Industrial diamond applications, prices for industrial diamonds, imports and exports of industrial diamonds, the National Defense Stockpile of industrial diamonds, and the outlook for the industrial diamond market are discussed.

  1. The primordial helium abundance from updated emissivities

    CERN Document Server

    Aver, Erik; Porter, R L; Skillman, Evan D

    2013-01-01

    Observations of metal-poor extragalactic H II regions allow the determination of the primordial helium abundance, Y_p. The He I emissivities are the foundation of the model of the H II region's emission. Porter, Ferland, Storey, & Detisch (2012) have recently published updated He I emissivities based on improved photoionization cross-sections. We incorporate these new atomic data and update our recent Markov Chain Monte Carlo analysis of the dataset published by Izotov, Thuan, & Stasinska (2007). As before, cuts are made to promote quality and reliability, and only solutions which fit the data within 95% confidence level are used to determine the primordial He abundance. The previously qualifying dataset is almost entirely retained and with strong concordance between the physical parameters. Overall, an upward bias from the new emissivities leads to a decrease in Y_p. In addition, we find a general trend to larger uncertainties in individual objects (due to changes in the emissivities) and an increase...

  2. University/industry research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bell, Peter M.

    The problems encountered in mixing industrial and university research goals can be major, but so can the benefits. The National Science Board (NSB) recently released a report on “University-Industry Research Relationships: Selected Studies” (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1983). It is an analysis of the much-discussed new trend toward increased industrial funding of university research projects.University laboratories cannot generally solve industry's R&D problems. Success for the corporation in sponsoring academic research is realized in the value of cooperative research programs as training exercises for future industrial scientists. An occasional patent arising from such a project is considered an added benefit, not a primary goal.

  3. Industrial applications of nanoparticles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stark, W J; Stoessel, P R; Wohlleben, W; Hafner, A

    2015-08-21

    Research efforts in the past two decades have resulted in thousands of potential application areas for nanoparticles - which materials have become industrially relevant? Where are sustainable applications of nanoparticles replacing traditional processing and materials? This tutorial review starts with a brief analysis on what makes nanoparticles attractive to chemical product design. The article highlights established industrial applications of nanoparticles and then moves to rapidly emerging applications in the chemical industry and discusses future research directions. Contributions from large companies, academia and high-tech start-ups are used to elucidate where academic nanoparticle research has revolutionized industry practice. A nanomaterial-focused analysis discusses new trends, such as particles with an identity, and the influence of modern instrument advances in the development of novel industrial products.

  4. Update and actual trends on bacterial infections following liver transplantation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jose Luis del Pozo

    2008-01-01

    Recent advances in effective antimicrobial prophylactic strategies have led to a decline in the incidence of opportunistic infections in liver transplant recipients.However, morbidity and mortality due to infectious diseases remain as major problems. Bacterial infections occurring early after transplant are mainly related to the technical aspects of the procedure. By contrast,after the first postoperative days and beyond, the nature and variety of infectious complications change.Opportunistic bacterial infections are uncommon after 6 mo in patients receiving stable and reduced maintenance doses of immunosuppression with good graft function and little is documented about these cases in the literature. Transplant recipients may be more susceptible to some pathogens, such as the Nocardia species, Legionella species, Listeria monocytogenes , Mycoplasma species, Salmonella species or Rhodococcus equi. Respiratory infections due to capsulated bacteria, such as Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenza, can be lifethreatening if not promptly treated in this population.These late bacterial infections may be very difficult to recognize and treat in this population. In this article,we review what has been described in the literature with regards to late bacterial infections following liver transplantation.

  5. Industrial Combustion Technology Roadmap: A Technology Roadmap by and for the Industrial Combustion Community (2002)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    none,

    2002-10-01

    The Industrial Technology Program (ITP) convened industry workshops in 2001 to update the 1999 roadmap. The revised plan, in which the combustion industry lays out the R&D initiatives to meet its performance targets for the next 20 years, is presented in the Industrial Combustion Technology Roadmap. This roadmap showcases a comprehensive R&D plan for the industry and specifies the coordination and alignment of key groups, such as industry, academia, and the federal government, to meet the future energy and environmental goals of the industry.

  6. China PR Industry Report 2005

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ Background The 2005 annual survey on the PR industry in China was conducted by China International Public Relations Association(CIPRA)from January 20the to February 20th ,in order to better reflect the development of the PR service market in China,investigate trends within the PR industry,and promote its continuous development.

  7. Update of European bioethics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rendtorff, Jacob Dahl

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents an update of the research on European bioethics undertaken by the author together with Professor Peter Kemp since the 1990s, on Basic ethical principles in European bioethics and biolaw. In this European approach to basic ethical principles in bioethics and biolaw, the princip......This paper presents an update of the research on European bioethics undertaken by the author together with Professor Peter Kemp since the 1990s, on Basic ethical principles in European bioethics and biolaw. In this European approach to basic ethical principles in bioethics and biolaw......, the principles of autonomy, dignity, integrity and vulnerability are proposed as the most important ethical principles for respect for the human person in biomedical and biotechnological development. This approach to bioethics and biolaw is presented here in a short updated version that integrates the earlier...

  8. Multiple Sclerosis: An Update.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faguy, Kathryn

    2016-05-01

    Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most common disabling neurologic condition in young adults and imposes high financial and quality of life costs on patients, their families, and society. Yet, developments in the battle against MS include new treatments to slow its progression and updated diagnostic criteria that can accelerate diagnosis and effective treatment. This article offers a review and update on the disease, focusing on risk factors and possible causes, symptoms, forms of MS, diagnostic criteria and tools, and the expanding array of approved treatments. It also reports on the skyrocketing cost of MS drugs, misdiagnosis, and special patient populations with MS.

  9. Trends in the location of the European car industry from an analysis of trade in parts and components; Tendencias en la localizacion de la industria Europea de automocion. Un analisis a partir del comercio de partes y componentes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blazquez Gomez, L.; Diaz Mora, C.; Gandoy Juste, R.

    2010-07-01

    The object of this paper is to study the changes in location and specialization in the European automotive industry since the mid-nineties. The analysis is based on the examination of trade flows, distinguishing between final goods and parts and components, and on the delimitation of revealed comparative advantages for those countries leading the European industry. The results show the significance of the European production networks and the increasing new Eastern member countries role in them. Besides, they allow us to establish the main participant countries competitive position in those networks. As far as the Spanish industry is concerned, two aspects must be pointed out. On the one hand, the decrease in the advantages in cars assembly although the specialization in industrial motor vehicles maintains. And on the other hand, the competitive capacity showed by some auxiliary car industries. (Author) 22 refs.

  10. Service industry in urban areas

    OpenAIRE

    Виктория Алексеевна Кавыршина

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the article is identifying the main factors and trends of self-organization of service industry with increasing the city and transition to agglomerations, analysis of the impact of interaction factor sites of objects of service industry in terms of single urbanization environment. It is proved that the service industry organizes itself, forming a system that mitigates competition. Recommendations that focus on improving the efficiency of allocation of infrastructure are given.

  11. Service industry in urban areas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Виктория Алексеевна Кавыршина

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article is identifying the main factors and trends of self-organization of service industry with increasing the city and transition to agglomerations, analysis of the impact of interaction factor sites of objects of service industry in terms of single urbanization environment. It is proved that the service industry organizes itself, forming a system that mitigates competition. Recommendations that focus on improving the efficiency of allocation of infrastructure are given.

  12. Endodontics and forensic personal identification: An update

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hany Mohamed Aly Ahmed

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Dental identification of a deceased individual is a core task in forensic odontology. The accurate recording of clinical dental procedures has become more important over time because of the increasing trend of lawsuits worldwide. Previous reports have discussed the practical usefulness of endodontic evidence for human identification. Advances in endodontic imaging, root and root canal anatomy, and biomaterials have been consistently emerging in endodontic research and practice. This article provides an update on the interrelationship between endodontics and forensic personal identification.

  13. State Energy Price System: 1982 update

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Imhoff, K.L.; Fang, J.M.

    1984-10-01

    The State Energy Price System (STEPS) contains estimates of energy prices for ten major fuels (electricity, natural gas, metallurgical coal, steam coal, distillate, motor gasoline, diesel, kerosene/jet fuel, residual fuel, and liquefied petroleum gas), by major end-use sectors (residential, commercial, industrial, transportation, and electric utility), and by state through 1982. Both physical unit prices and prices per million Btu are included in STEPS. Major changes in STEPS data base for 1981 and 1982 are described. The most significant changes in procedures for the updates occur in the residential sector distillate series and the residential sector kerosene series. All physical unit and Btu prices are shown with three significant digits instead of with four significant digits as shown in the original documentation. Details of these and other changes are contained in this report, along with the updated data files. 31 references, 65 tables.

  14. XLMR genes: update 2000.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Chiurazzi, P.; Hamel, B.C.J.; Neri, G.

    2001-01-01

    This is the sixth edition of the catalogue of XLMR genes, ie X-linked genes whose malfunctioning causes mental retardation. The cloning era is not yet concluded, actually much remains to be done to account for the 202 XLMR conditions listed in this update. Many of these may eventually prove to be du

  15. Updating Older Fume Hoods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saunders, G. Thomas

    1985-01-01

    Provides information on updating older fume hoods. Areas addressed include: (1) adjustment of the hood's back baffle; (2) hood air leakage; (3) light level; (4) hood location in relation to room traffic and room air; and (5) establishing and maintaining hood performance. (JN)

  16. Update of telephone exchange

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    As part of the upgrade of telephone services, the CERN switching centre will be updated on between Monday 23 October 8.00 p.m. and Tuesday 24 October 2.00 a.m. Telephone services may be disrupted and possibly even interrupted during this operation. We apologise in advance for any inconvenience this may cause. CERN TELECOM Service

  17. Update of telephone exchange

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    As part of the upgrade of telephone services, the CERN switching centre will be updated on Monday 3 July between 8.00 p.m. and 3.00 a.m. Telephone services may be disrupted and possibly even interrupted during this operation. We apologise in advance for any inconvenience this may cause. CERN TELECOM Service

  18. Update of telephone exchange

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    As part of the upgrade of telephone services, the CERN switching centre will be updated on Wednesday 14 June between 8.00 p.m. and midnight. Telephone services may be disrupted and possibly even interrupted during this operation. We apologise in advance for any inconvenience this may cause. CERN TELECOM Service

  19. Update of telephone exchange

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    As part of the upgrade of telephone services, the CERN switching centre will be updated on Monday 3 July between 8.00 p.m. and 3.00 a.m. Telephone services may be disrupted and possibly even interrupted during this operation.We apologise in advance for any inconvenience this may cause. CERN TELECOM Service

  20. Sugammadex: An Update

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ezri Tiberiu

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this update is to provide recent knowledge and debates regarding the use of sugammadex in the fields of anesthesia and critical care. The review is not intended to provide a comprehensive description of sugammadex and its clinical use.

  1. Gasification trends

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Simbeck, D.R.; Dickenson, R.L.; Karp, A.D. [SFA Pacific, Inc., Mountain View, CA (United States)

    1997-05-01

    The traditional use of gasification for high value chemicals will continue where fuel prices make gasification more competitive than steam methane reforming. However, oil companies already have the essentials--expertise, fuels, and financing--to be a dominant force in the new world of competitive energy markets. Refinery-based gasification therefore can be expected to proliferate as deregulation of electric power generation promotes the efficiency and economic advantages of cogeneration and trigeneration. The greatest market potential for gasification in the future is electric power generation. In traditional electric utility applications, the efficiency and overall economics of coal gasification may be only marginally superior to those of well-designed, coal-fired steam cycles having state-of-the-art emission controls. Offsetting gasification`s environmental and efficiency advantages in such applications are concerns about capital cost and the need for chemical process expertise. However, power industry deregulation and competition are likely to diminish the importance of large, new central power plants, while imparting increased value to gasification`s strategic advantages, which include: Gasification`s superior environmental performance, particularly in the area of solid wastes; gasification`s superior ability to exploit high-efficiency combustion turbine-based opportunities for combined-cycle and especially cogeneration applications; gasification`s superior ability to exploit a range of fuels--from natural gas and opportunity fuels in the near-to-intermediate term to coal in the longer term, when natural gas prices escalate; and gasification`s superior market economics and flexibility to create and profit from combined power and synthesis gas chemical applications.

  2. Spring Framework 5: Themes & Trends

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2017-01-01

    Spring Framework 5.0/5.1, scheduled for release in early/late 2017, focuses on several key themes: reactive web applications based on Reactive Streams, comprehensive support for JDK 9 and HTTP/2, as well as the latest API generations in the Enterprise Java ecosystem. This talk presents the overall story in the context of wider industry trends, highlighting Spring’s unique programming model strategy.

  3. Numerical modelling of mine workings: annual update 1999/2000.

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Lightfoot, N

    1999-09-01

    Full Text Available The SIMRAC project GAP629 has two aspects. Firstly, the production of an updated edition of the guidebook Numerical Modelling of Mine Workings. The original document was launched to the South African mining industry in April 1999. Secondly...

  4. Analysis of Defense Products Contract Trends, 1990-2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-30

    Analysis of Defense Products Contract Trends , 1990–2014 Andrew Hunter—is a senior fellow in the International Security Program and director of the Defense...a decade, the Defense-Industrial Initiatives Group at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) has analyzed and reported on trends ...countervailing trend of divestments, including Northrop Grumman’s divestment of its shipbuilding business into Huntington Ingalls Industries. As

  5. Industry Employment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Occupational Outlook Quarterly, 2012

    2012-01-01

    This article illustrates projected employment change by industry and industry sector over 2010-20 decade. Workers are grouped into an industry according to the type of good produced or service provided by the establishment for which they work. Industry employment projections are shown in terms of numeric change (growth or decline in the total…

  6. 中国工业部门资本利润率变动趋势及原因分析%The Analysis of Development Trend of Ratio of Profit to Capital of Industrial Sector of China and the Affecting Factors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈仲常; 吴永球

    2005-01-01

    In the last two decades, the capital profit rate had taken on a declined trend, while the total output was increasing in industry section. In this article, we proposed three assumptions to explain this phenomenon. The statistics studies which base on the data of 1963 -2003 suggests that: the factors that affected the capital profit rate have large changed between the two different periods. The descent of capital efficiency in the period of economic reformed can be attributed to: the deviation of technology option, the increased of firms' quantity and the accented of input-material price.

  7. Forces Shaping the Electronic Publishing Industry of the 1990s.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hawkins, Donald T.; And Others

    1992-01-01

    Reviews the conventional publishing industry, and discusses a study of the electronic publishing industry and its products and processes. Discusses seven major forces affecting it--technology, economics, demographics, social trends, government policies, applications growth, and industry trends--and outlines principles to follow for success in…

  8. Some perspectives on the electric industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Winer, J.H. [Mountain Energy, Inc., South Burlington, VT (United States)

    1996-12-31

    Opinions regarding future directions of the U.S. electric utility industry are presented in the paper. Pertinent historical aspects and current industry rules are summarized. Major issues and trends in the electricity market are outlined, and recommendations are presented. It is concluded that new rules in the industry will be set directly by customers, and that customers want renewable energy resources.

  9. Gearbox Reliability Collaborative Update: A Brief (Presentation)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sheng, S.; Keller, J.; McDade, M.

    2012-01-01

    This presentation is an update on the Gearbox Reliability Collaborative (GRC) for the AWEA Wind Project Operations, Maintenance & Reliability Seminar. GRC accomplishments are: (1) Failure database software deployed - partners see business value for themselves and customers; (2) Designed, built, instrumented, and tested two gearboxes - (a) Generated unprecedented public domain test data from both field testing and dynamometer testing, (b) Different responses from 'identical' gearboxes, (c) Demonstrated importance of non-torque loading and modeling approach; and (3) Active collaborative, with wide industry support, leveraging DOE funding - Modeling round robin and Condition Monitoring round robin.

  10. Annual Pension Fund Update

    CERN Multimedia

    Pension Fund

    2011-01-01

    All members and beneficiaries of the Pension Fund are invited to attend the Annual Pension Fund Update to be held in the CERN Council Chamber on Tuesday 20 September 2011 from 10-00 to 12-00 a.m. Copies of the 2010 Financial Statements are available from departmental secretariats. Coffee and croissants will be served prior to the meeting as of 9-30 a.m.

  11. Ukraine Poverty Update

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    Ukraine recorded one of the sharpest declines in poverty of any transition economy in recent years. The poverty rate, measured against an absolute poverty line, fell from a high of 32 percent in 2001 to 14 percent in 2004, and then again to 8 percent in 2005. This Update presents simulations of the direct influence of an increase in energy prices on the poverty rate. Using 2005 as a base p...

  12. Industrial Chain: Industrial Vertical Definition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YifeiDu; GuojunJiang; ShimingLi

    2004-01-01

    Like value chain and supply chain, “industrial chain” becomes the focus of attention. The implication of “industrial chain” has gained a large range of extension. It not only expresses the industrial “chain” structure and relationship of “back and forward”in order or “up and down” in direction, but also it represents a cluster of large scale of firms in an area or colony. It is a network, or a community. Consequently, we conclude that “industrial chain” is a synthesis of industrial chain, industrial cluster, or industrial network.In this article, firstly we will distinguish industry chain from industry. An industry is the collection of firms that have the same attribute, so an industry can be defined by firm collection of certain attribute. We indicate that industrial chain is a kind of vertical and orderly industrial link. It is defined according to a series of specific product or service created. Secondly we analyze the vertical orderly defiinition process from the aspects of social division of labor and requirement division, self-organization system, and value analysis.Non-symmetry and depending on system or community of large scale of industrial units lead to entire industry to “orderly” structure. On the other hand, the draught of diversity and complexity of requirement simultaneously lead to entire industry to be more “orderly”. Along with processes of self-organization, industrial will appi'oach the state of more orderly and steady, and constantly make industrial chain upgrade. Each firm or unit, who will gain the value, has to establish channels of value, which we called “industrial value chain”. Lastly,we discuss the consequence of vertical and orderly definition, which is exhibited by a certain relationship body. The typical forms of industrial chain include industrial cluster, strategy alliance and vertical integration etc.

  13. How Documentalists Update SIMBAD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buga, M.; Bot, C.; Brouty, M.; Bruneau, C.; Brunet, C.; Cambresy, L.; Eisele, A.; Genova, F.; Lesteven, S.; Loup, C.; Neuville, M.; Oberto, A.; Ochsenbein, F.; Perret, E.; Siebert, A.; Son, E.; Vannier, P.; Vollmer, B.; Vonflie, P.; Wenger, M.; Woelfel, F.

    2015-04-01

    The Strasbourg astronomical Data Center (CDS) was created in 1972 and has had a major role in astronomy for more than forty years. CDS develops a service called SIMBAD that provides basic data, cross-identifications, bibliography, and measurements for astronomical objects outside the solar system. It brings to the scientific community an added value to content which is updated daily by a team of documentalists working together in close collaboration with astronomers and IT specialists. We explain how the CDS staff updates SIMBAD with object citations in the main astronomical journals, as well as with astronomical data and measurements. We also explain how the identification is made between the objects found in the literature and those already existing in SIMBAD. We show the steps followed by the documentalist team to update the database using different tools developed at CDS, like the sky visualizer Aladin, and the large catalogues and survey database VizieR. As a direct result of this teamwork, SIMBAD integrates almost 10.000 bibliographic references per year. The service receives more than 400.000 queries per day.

  14. Analysis of Development Trend of Digital Publishing Industry Under Big Data Era%大数据时代数字出版产业发展趋势分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖镘洁

    2015-01-01

    The advent of the big data era makes each industry face tremendous changes, the publishing industry is also faced with opportunities and challenges, precision marketing and personalized platform brought by big data era will make publishing industry into a new digital publishing era.%大数据时代的到来让每个行业都面临着巨大的变革,出版产业同样面临着机遇与挑战,大数据时代带来的精准营销、个性化平台等将出版产业带入了一个新的数字化出版时代。

  15. 智能制造领域研究现状及未来趋势分析%Analysis on Present Situation and Future Trend of Intelligent Manufacturing Industry Research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王媛媛

    2016-01-01

    当前信息技术、新能源、新材料、生物技术等重要领域和前沿方向的革命性突破和交叉融合,正在引发“第三次工业革命”。智能制造是引领“第三次工业革命”浪潮的核心动力。目前对智能制造的研究主要还处在技术应用层面以及国家宏观的产业政策层面,从经济学及产业组织学等角度对智能制造进行分析尚未充分展开。因此,未来对于智能制造的研究应该着重从以下几个方面展开:一是从产业组织学理论的角度剖析智能制造产生和发展的一般规律,丰富和发展产业经济学的相关理论体系;二是构建一个“国家智能制造发展竞争力指标体系”,运用定量分析的方法对于指标的权重以及国家智能制造竞争力指数进行确定和分析,用科学的框架评估各主要国家智能制造发展的竞争力水平;三是比较分析各主要国家智能制造发展的相关政策,提出可供我国借鉴的产业发展政策。%Intelligent manufacturing is the core power to lead the “third industrial revolution”. Current research of intelligent manufacturing industry mainly in technology and national macro industrial policy level, from economics and industrial organization theory and perspective of intelligent manufacturing industry analysis has not been fully carried out. The future research of intelligent manufacturing industry should be mainly from the following aspects: First, from the industrial organization theory point of view to analysis the general rule of intelligent manufacturing industry. Second, build a “national intelligent manufacturing index system” of industry competitiveness, using the method of quantitative analysis for the national intelligent manufacturing industry competitiveness. Third, comparative analysis of relevant policies in major countries of intelligent manufacturing industry development, put forward for the reference of our country

  16. Research of the Development Trend and Countermeasure of Stem Cell Industry in China%我国干细胞产业发展态势及其对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋微; 李彩霞; 史琳

    2015-01-01

    Stem cell research in recent years is one of the most popular research directions in biomedical field, and is attached to great importance tby the countries all over the world in recent years,with great social benefit and market prospect. In the light of the current development situation of stem cell industry in China and the sustainable development requirements,the market demand for stem cell industry development,and its industrial targets,tech⁃nical barriers,research and development needs are analyzed,The common key technologies in the industry are con⁃densed,including the whole industry chain of stem cell collection and storage business,research and development of stem cell technology,stem cell transplantation and treatment,combination with other industries and so on. Tech⁃nology development status quo of stem cell industry in China is studied,and related countermeasures for the devel⁃opment of stem cell industry are proposed.%干细胞研究是近年来生物医学领域的最热门的研究方向之一,近年来受到世界各国的高度重视,具有巨大的社会效益和市场前景。本文针对我国干细胞产业的发展现状和可持续发展要求,对干细胞产业发展的市场需求、产业目标、技术壁垒、研发需求等进行分析,并对该产业中的共性关键技术进行凝练,包括干细胞采集及存储业务、干细胞技术研发、干细胞移植及治疗、与其他产业结合等整个产业链,研究我国干细胞产业的技术发展现状,并提出干细胞产业发展的相关对策。

  17. Online Marketing Trends

    OpenAIRE

    Horecká, Ivana

    2015-01-01

    This thesis deals with online marketing trends. Its main goal is to define the latest online marketing trends, create a website with the free online marketing trends, and analyse their effectiveness. The theoretical part brings a thorough description of the latest online marketing trends. Moreover, it provides an insight into the latest trends in the website development. The chosen online marketing trends defined in the theoretical part are subsequently applied on a newly created website. All...

  18. Energy Industry 2004

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-01-01

    Support Center Energy supply and distribution for DOD Alexandria, VA H2Gen Hydrogen generation Frederick, MD BP Solar Photovoltaic panel manufacturing...Richard Allen, Office of Management and Budget COL Muslim Altynbayev, Kazakhstan Army Lt Col Linda Dahl, USAF Lt Col Harold Elkins, USAF COL Margie...hydro, geothermal, solar and wind. The following section on current conditions highlights the trends and challenges facing the industry. CURRENT

  19. Industrial and natural sources of gaseous elemental mercury in the Almadén district (Spain): an updated report on this issue after the ceasing of mining and metallurgical activities in 2003 and major land reclamation works.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Higueras, Pablo; Esbrí, José María; Oyarzun, Roberto; Llanos, Willans; Martínez-Coronado, Alba; Lillo, Javier; López-Berdonces, Miguel Angel; García-Noguero, Eva Maria

    2013-08-01

    Two events during the last decade had major environmental repercussions in Almadén town (Spain). First it was the ceasing of activities in the mercury mine and metallurgical facilities in 2003, and then the finalization of the restoration works on the main waste dump in 2008. The combination of both events brought about a dramatic drop in the emissions of gaseous elemental mercury (GEM) to the atmosphere. Although no one would now call the Almadén area as 'mercury-free', the GEM levels have fallen beneath international reference safety levels for the first time in centuries. This has been a major breakthrough because in less than one decade the site went from GEM levels in the order of "tens of thousands" to mere "tens" nanogram per cubic meter. Although these figures are per se a remarkable achievement, they do not mark the end of the environmental concerns in the Almadén district. Two other sites remain as potential environmental hazards. (1) The Las Cuevas mercury storage complex, a partially restored ex-mining site where liquid mercury is being stored. The MERSADE Project (LIFE-European Union) has tested the Las Cuevas complex as a potential site for the installation of a future European prototype safe deposit of surplus mercury from industrial activities. Despite restoration works carried out in 2004, the Las Cuevas complex can still be regarded as hotspot of mercury contamination, with high concentrations above 800μgg(-1) Hgsoil and 300ngm(-3) Hggas. However, as predicted by air contamination modeling using the ISC-AERMOD software, GEM concentrations fade away in a short distance following the formation of a NW-SE oriented narrow plume extending for a few hundred meters from the complex perimeter. (2) Far more dangerous from the human health perspective is the Almadenejos area, hosting the small Almadenejos village, the so-called Cerco de Almadenejos (CDA; an old metallurgical precinct), and the mines of La Nueva Concepción, La Vieja Concepción and El

  20. Trend arbitrage, bid-ask spread and market dynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Zaitsev, N

    2006-01-01

    Microstructure of market dynamics is studied through analysis of tick price data. Linear trend is introduced as a tool for such analysis. Trend arbitrage inequality is developed and tested. The inequality sets limiting relationship between trend, bid-ask spread, market reaction and average update frequency of price information. Average time of market reaction is measured from market data. This parameter is interpreted as a constant value of the stock exchange and is attributed to the latency of exchange reaction to actions of traders. This latency and cost of trade are shown to be the main limit of bid-ask spread. Data analysis also suggests some relationships between trend, bid-ask spread and average frequency of price update process.

  1. The Development Trend of Higher Vocational Education in Response to Industry 4.0%应对工业4.0,高职教育的发展趋向

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡泽寰

    2015-01-01

    Industry 4.0 marks the new era of industrial development and the new direction and new connotation of modern vocational education. New industry presents new requirements for talent training. Higher vocational colleges must closely center around the demand of transformation and upgrading of manufacturing industry for high skilled talents to promote students' sustainable development, further optimize talent training programs, actively promote the "three-level platform" teaching model reform, constructing a whole-process, all-round quality education system.%“工业4.0”的提出标志着工业发展的新时代,也预示着现代职业教育的新方向、新内涵。新型工业对人才培养提出了全新的要求,高职院校面对挑战,必须紧紧围绕制造业转型升级对高技能人才的需求,以促进学生可持续发展为人才培养的终极目的,进一步优化人才培养方案,积极推进“三级平台”教学模式改革,构建全程、全方位的素质教育体系。

  2. DOE's role in the solar energy industry, and possible anticompetitive trends. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Antitrust, Monopoly and Business Rights of the Committee on the Judiciary, 96th Congress, 2nd session, 14 November 1980

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1981-01-01

    The concerns of small business in the solar energy field are discussed. The acquisitions of small companies by larger energy-intense companies was reviewed. Possible Federal regulations for the solar energy industry are considered and the overall solar energy policy for the nation is addressed.

  3. Study on the Trend of Changes for the Product Structure Transition of Electronic Publishing Industry in Beijing%北京地区电子出版业产品结构转移变化趋势研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张二艳; 张齐; 文美

    2015-01-01

    为了研究北京地区电子出版业产品结构的变化趋势,应用Markov预测方法和多元回归分析方法对北京地区电子出版业的产品结构进行了研究,并给出了其Markov链的状态转移概率矩阵的估算模型。通过对模拟结果的误差考查,表明此方法具有较高的预测精度,并以此为基础预测了2013-2017年北京地区电子出版业产品结构的变化趋势。 Markov预测模型在北京电子出版业产品结构变化趋势预测中的应用丰富了Markov预测方法的应用领域。%In order to study the structural change of the electronic publishing industry in Beijing, the prediction techniques of Markov and multiple regression analysis are applied to conduct research on the prediction problem of the product structure of the electronic publishing industry in Beijing, and the estimation model of Markov matrix of state transition probability is provided as well. The conclusion shows that the prediction accuracy of the prediction technique is quite high as the error of simulated result has been tested. The prediction technique is applied to forecast the product structure of the electronic publishing industry in Beijing from 2013 to 2017. The application of Markov prediction model in forecasting the product structure of the electronic publishing industry in Beijing has greatly expanded the fields where the prediction technique of Markov can be put into practice, and the data about the product structure of the electronic publishing industry in Beijing can hopefully offer reference for the development of industrial planning of publishing industry in Beijing.

  4. Industrial and natural sources of gaseous elemental mercury in the Almadén district (Spain): An updated report on this issue after the ceasing of mining and metallurgical activities in 2003 and major land reclamation works

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Higueras, Pablo, E-mail: pablo.higueras@uclm.es [Departamento de Ingeniería Geológica y Minera, Escuela Universitaria Politécnica de Almadén, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, Plaza M. Meca 1, 13400 Almadén (Spain); Instituto de Geología Aplicada (IGeA), Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, Plaza M. Meca 1, 13400 Almadén (Spain); María Esbrí, José [Departamento de Ingeniería Geológica y Minera, Escuela Universitaria Politécnica de Almadén, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, Plaza M. Meca 1, 13400 Almadén (Spain); Instituto de Geología Aplicada (IGeA), Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, Plaza M. Meca 1, 13400 Almadén (Spain); Oyarzun, Roberto; Llanos, Willans [Instituto de Geología Aplicada (IGeA), Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, Plaza M. Meca 1, 13400 Almadén (Spain); Departamento de Cristalografía y Mineralogía, Facultad de Ciencias Geológicas, Universidad Complutense, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Martínez-Coronado, Alba [Instituto de Geología Aplicada (IGeA), Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, Plaza M. Meca 1, 13400 Almadén (Spain); and others

    2013-08-15

    Two events during the last decade had major environmental repercussions in Almadén town (Spain). First it was the ceasing of activities in the mercury mine and metallurgical facilities in 2003, and then the finalization of the restoration works on the main waste dump in 2008. The combination of both events brought about a dramatic drop in the emissions of gaseous elemental mercury (GEM) to the atmosphere. Although no one would now call the Almadén area as ‘mercury-free’, the GEM levels have fallen beneath international reference safety levels for the first time in centuries. This has been a major breakthrough because in less than one decade the site went from GEM levels in the order of “tens of thousands” to mere “tens” nanogram per cubic meter. Although these figures are per se a remarkable achievement, they do not mark the end of the environmental concerns in the Almadén district. Two other sites remain as potential environmental hazards. (1) The Las Cuevas mercury storage complex, a partially restored ex-mining site where liquid mercury is being stored. The MERSADE Project (LIFE—European Union) has tested the Las Cuevas complex as a potential site for the installation of a future European prototype safe deposit of surplus mercury from industrial activities. Despite restoration works carried out in 2004, the Las Cuevas complex can still be regarded as hotspot of mercury contamination, with high concentrations above 800 μg g{sup −1} Hg{sub soil} and 300 ng m{sup −3} Hg{sub gas}. However, as predicted by air contamination modeling using the ISC-AERMOD software, GEM concentrations fade away in a short distance following the formation of a NW–SE oriented narrow plume extending for a few hundred meters from the complex perimeter. (2) Far more dangerous from the human health perspective is the Almadenejos area, hosting the small Almadenejos village, the so-called Cerco de Almadenejos (CDA; an old metallurgical precinct), and the mines of La

  5. Conference Trends in Logic XI

    CERN Document Server

    Wansing, Heinrich; Willkommen, Caroline; Recent Trends in Philosophical Logic

    2014-01-01

    This volume presents recent advances in philosophical logic with chapters focusing on non-classical logics, including paraconsistent logics, substructural logics, modal logics of agency and other modal logics. The authors cover themes such as the knowability paradox, tableaux and sequent calculi, natural deduction, definite descriptions, identity, truth, dialetheism, and possible worlds semantics.   The developments presented here focus on challenging problems in the specification of fundamental philosophical notions, as well as presenting new techniques and tools, thereby contributing to the development of the field. Each chapter contains a bibliography, to assist the reader in making connections in the specific areas covered. Thus this work provides both a starting point for further investigations into philosophical logic and an update on advances, techniques and applications in a dynamic field.   The chapters originate from papers presented during the Trends in Logic XI conference at the Ruhr University ...

  6. 2020年我国钢铁行业C02排放趋势和减排路径分析%Analysis on CO2 Emission Trend and Emission Reduction Path of China's Steel and Iron Industry in 2020

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁敏; 康艳兵; 刘强; 赵盟

    2012-01-01

    我国钢铁行业CO2排放占全国排放总量的近20%,分析钢铁行业的CO2排放趋势和减排路径对我国控制温室气体排放有着重要的现实意义.本文从影响钢铁行业排放的主要影响因素着手,分析了钢铁产量和工序能耗的现状及未来发展趋势,测算了2010 -2020年钢铁行业排放趋势和减排潜力,同时给出了减排途径和各种减排措施的贡献度,并提出了相关政策建议.%CO2 emission from China's steel and iron industry accounts for nearly 20% of total national emissions. Analysis on CO2 emission trend and emission reduction path of steel and iron industry is significant to control CO2 emissions in China. From the perspective of major influencing factors, this paper analyzes the status and future trend of steel and iron production and energy consumption per unit of product, calculates historical and future emissions as well as emission reduction potentials, and also analyzes reduction paths and contributions of various reduction measures, finally proposes appropriate policy recommendations.

  7. Geo energy research and development: technology transfer update

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Traeger, R.K.; Dugan, V.L.

    1983-01-01

    Sandia Geo Energy Programs in geothermal, coal, oil and gas, and synfuel technologies have been effective in transferring research concepts to applications in private industry. This report updates the previous summary (SAND82-0211, March 1982) to include recent technology transfers and to reflect recent changes in philosophy on technology transfer. Over 40 items transferred to industry have been identified in the areas of Hardware, Risk Removal and Understanding. Successful transfer is due largely to personal interactions between Sandia engineers and the technical staffs of private industry.

  8. Industrial Engineering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karlsson, Christer

    2015-01-01

    Industrial engineering is a discipline that is concerned with increasing the effectiveness of (primarily) manufacturing and (occasionally).......Industrial engineering is a discipline that is concerned with increasing the effectiveness of (primarily) manufacturing and (occasionally)....

  9. Global trends in exclusive breastfeeding

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cai Xiaodong

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Infant and young child feeding is critical for child health and survival. Proportion of infants 0–5 months who are fed exclusively with breast milk is a common indicator used for monitoring and evaluating infant and young child feeding in a given country and region. Despite progress made since 1990, a previous review in 2006 of global and regional trends found improvement to be modest. The current study provides an update in global and regional trends in exclusive breastfeeding from 1995 to 2010, taking advantage of the wealth of data from recent household surveys. Methods Using the global database of infant and young child feeding maintained by the United Nations Children’s Fund, the authors examined estimates from 440 household surveys in 140 countries over the period between 1995 and 2010 and calculated global and regional averages of the rate of exclusive breastfeeding among infants 0–5 months for the two time points to assess the trends. Results Trend data suggest the prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding among infants younger than six months in developing countries increased from 33% in 1995 to 39% in 2010. The prevalence increased in almost all regions in the developing world, with the biggest improvement seen in West and Central Africa. Conclusions In spite of the well-recognized importance of exclusive breastfeeding, the practice is not widespread in the developing world and increase on the global level is still very modest with much room for improvement. Child nutrition programmes worldwide continue to require investments and commitments to improve infant feeding practices in order to have maximum impact on children’s lives.

  10. Study on global cloud computing research trend

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Feicheng; Zhan, Nan

    2014-01-01

    Since "cloud computing" was put forward by Google , it quickly became the most popular concept in IT industry and widely permeated into various areas promoted by IBM, Microsoft and other IT industry giants. In this paper the methods of bibliometric analysis were used to investigate the global cloud computing research trend based on Web of Science (WoS) database and the Engineering Index (EI) Compendex database. In this study, the publication, countries, institutes, keywords of the papers was deeply studied in methods of quantitative analysis, figures and tables are used to describe the production and the development trends of cloud computing.

  11. Cohort Profile Update

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Omland, Lars Haukali; Ahlström, Magnus Glindvad; Obel, Niels

    2014-01-01

    The DHCS is a cohort of all HIV-infected individuals seen in one of the eight Danish HIV centres after 31 December 1994. Here we update the 2009 cohort profile emphasizing the development of the cohort. Every 12-24 months, DHCS is linked with the Danish Civil Registration System (CRS) in order...... of Causes of Death, the Danish National Prescription Registry, the Attainment Register and the Integrated Database for Labour Market Research to get information on vital status, migration, cancer, hospital contacts, causes of death, dispensed prescriptions, education and employment. Using this design, rates...

  12. Context updates are hierarchical

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anton Karl Ingason

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available This squib studies the order in which elements are added to the shared context of interlocutors in a conversation. It focuses on context updates within one hierarchical structure and argues that structurally higher elements are entered into the context before lower elements, even if the structurally higher elements are pronounced after the lower elements. The crucial data are drawn from a comparison of relative clauses in two head-initial languages, English and Icelandic, and two head-final languages, Korean and Japanese. The findings have consequences for any theory of a dynamic semantics.

  13. Updates in pediatric endocrinology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamboj, Manmohan K

    2013-04-01

    There are rapid advances being made in the field of medicine! New research continues to investigate etiopathogenic mechanisms underlying many endocrine disorders, new tests to facilitate diagnosis, and newer treatment options. The discussion in this article focuses on a few of the important concerns in adolescent endocrinology and highlights some recent concepts that are important for the physicians taking care of these adolescents. This article also includes a brief update on diabetes mellitus types 1 and 2, obesity, and polycystic ovarian syndrome; new thoughts and controversies about vitamin D and current management of the common thyroid disorders; adrenal insufficiency; and concerns with disorders of puberty in adolescents.

  14. Development of enterprise mobile informatization trend and application in petrochemical industry%企业移动信息化发展趋势及在石化行业的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘远

    2014-01-01

    This paper from the business characteristics of petrochemical industry, combined with the current development of mobile technology and application, describes the typical application of mobile information as whenever and wherever possible, fragmentation, easy to use and diversity of application and mobile information technology in petrochemical industry.%本文从石化行业业务的特点出发,结合目前移动技术及应用的发展,阐述了移动信息化的随时随地、碎片化、简单易用及多样化应用的特点以及移动信息化在石化行业的典型应用。

  15. Industrial coal utilization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1979-01-01

    The effects of the National Energy Act on the use of coal in US industrial and utility power plants are considered. Innovative methods of using coal in an environmentally acceptable way are discussed: furnace types, fluidized-bed combustion, coal-oil-mixtures, coal firing in kilns and combustion of synthetic gas and liquid fuels. Fuel use in various industries is discussed with trends brought about by uncertain availability and price of natural gas and fuel oils: steel, chemical, cement, pulp and paper, glass and bricks. The symposium on Industrial Coal Utilization was sponsored by the US DOE, Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center, April 3 to 4, 1979. Twenty-one papers have been entered individually into the EDB. (LTN)

  16. Industrial coal utilization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1979-01-01

    The effects of the National Energy Act on the use of coal in US industrial and utility power plants are considered. Innovative methods of using coal in an environmentally acceptable way are discussed: furnace types, fluidized-bed combustion, coal-oil-mixtures, coal firing in kilns and combustion of synthetic gas and liquid fuels. Fuel use in various industries is discussed with trends brought about by uncertain availability and price of natural gas and fuel oils: steel, chemical, cement, pulp and paper, glass and bricks. The symposium on Industrial Coal Utilization was sponsored by the US DOE, Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center, April 3 to 4, 1979. Twenty-one papers have been entered individually into the EDB. (LTN)

  17. Global Challenges in the Domestic Appliances Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Dusan Gosnik

    2009-01-01

    The domestic appliances industry is a mature industry. Changes in the business environment such as political, law, cultural, social, ecological and technological influences have an effect on the future development of this industry. Challenges to producers in this industry are oriented towards the further globalisation of the business, managing processes, new product and innovations development, and towards establishing and empowerment of the product brands. Global trends in the use of some na...

  18. 河南省建筑业劳动力现状调查及变动趋势分析%Investigation and Analysis on the Trend of Labor Force in Construction Industry in Henan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    翟研; 张建设; 李瑚均

    2016-01-01

    基于河南省建筑工地现场劳动力调查数据,对河南省建筑业劳动力的现状进行了多方位的分析,发现河南省建筑业劳动力已经开始呈现供应不足和一定程度的老龄化问题,现有劳动力还存在素质不高,技术能力不强问题,且劳动力对建筑业的就业意愿较低。据此,建议河南省应该改善建筑业生产生活环境,提高建筑业工薪水平,吸纳年轻劳动力,加强建筑工人培训,关注建筑工地高龄工作人员,促进建筑业转型升级。%Based on Henan Province construction site labor field survey data, current situation of construction industry in Henan Province labor were multi-faceted analysis, found the labor of the construction industry in Henan Province has begun to appear in short supply and the degree of aging, existing labor quality is poor, the technical skills are not strong and working population of the construction industry employment intention is low. Accordingly, it is suggested that Henan province should improve production and living environment, improve the construction industry wage level to absorb the young labor force, strengthen the training of construction workers, construction sites focus on the work of the elderly population, and promote the transformation and upgrading construction.

  19. 新食品经济的发展趋势及其对食品产业的影响%Development Trends of New Food Economy and Its Influence on Food Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王志刚; 黄圣男; 曾亿兰

    2012-01-01

    With the development of information and communication technology, its application is being expand to other areas, and its application in the food industry has changed the traditional commercial operation model, which led to the new food economy. Market as the guidance, consumers as the center, the information network as the medium, the new food economy reduced the cost of information ex- change, and had significant influences on the food industry and related policies and regulations, which could promote development of the food industry to higher-technology, higher-quality and higher-efficiency.%随着信息与通信技术的发展,其应用不断扩展到其它领域,食品行业的应用改变了传统的商业经营模式,催生了“新食品经济”。新食品经济以市场为导向,以消费者为中心,以信息网络为媒介,缩减了信息交换成本,对食品行业及其相关政策法规产生了重大影响,推动食品行业向高技术、高质量、高效率发展。

  20. The Evolutionary Trend of Dairy Industry in China :Based on SCP Model%我国乳制品行业的演进趋势 :基于 SCP 范式的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周清杰; 靳亚阁

    2015-01-01

    Since the 20th century ,China has experienced a rapid development in dairy industry ,and there is a fundamental evolution of market structure .During the formation of an oligopoly market ,Chinese dairy enterprises compete mainly in the price competition ,grabbing market share .The rapid expansion of the market has led to scramble for milk collection .After the"Melamine Incident" in 2008 ,the dairy industry has entered a period of adjustment .From the market performance ,the profit rate of the entire dairy industry is in a V shape change ,and enterprises' scale efficiency is not obvious .%21世纪以来 ,我国乳制品行业发展迅速 ,市场结构急剧演化.在寡头市场形成的过程中 ,我国乳品企业主要以价格竞争、抢夺市场份额为主.急速扩张的市场也导致出现奶源争夺战.2008年"三聚氰胺事件"后 ,乳制品行业进入调整期.从市场绩效看 ,整个乳制品行业利润率呈V字形变化 ,企业的规模效率不明显.