WorldWideScience

Sample records for industry the development

  1. Research and development in the textile industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1987-06-01

    Included in the portfolio of IP's projects are the R and D activities for several advanced technologies targeted at the textile industry, one of the top ten energy intensive industries in the country. These R and D projects have primarily been aimed at improving the energy efficiency and productivity of textile production processes. Many projects in this area have been successfully completed, and some have resulted in the development and implementation of new technologies (e.g., foam processing) for various process steps. Other projects have produced technical results that have later been utilized by the industry in other capacities (e.g., hyperfiltration). Several projects at various stages of development are currently underway. This brochure describes the Office of Industrial Programs' R and D activities relevant to the textile industry. The brochure is comprised of the following: Industry Update, Energy Consumption in the Textile Industry, Energy Consumption in the Textile Industry, Potential Energy Savings in the Textile Industry, Office of Industrial Programs, R and D Efforts, and R and D Data Base.

  2. REPRODUCTIVE CONSTRAINTS IN THE RUSSIAN INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodion R. Tokov

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The article examines the main factors restraining the activity of industrial development at the present stage of Russian reforms. Special attention is paid to innovation activity of organizations, industries, business confidence, high level of taxation, the lack of funds and lack of demand on the domestic market.

  3. Developing Closer Ties with the Pharmaceutical Industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reid, Gregor; Hoddinott, Susan

    1991-01-01

    The need for research administrators to understand and appreciate the pharmaceutical industry's research and development environment is discussed, using examples from Canada. The research administrator's role in the technology transfer process and implications for faculty are examined. Ways to build closer school-industry ties are discussed. (MSE)

  4. Developing Closer Ties with the Pharmaceutical Industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reid, Gregor; Hoddinott, Susan

    1991-01-01

    The need for research administrators to understand and appreciate the pharmaceutical industry's research and development environment is discussed, using examples from Canada. The research administrator's role in the technology transfer process and implications for faculty are examined. Ways to build closer school-industry ties are discussed. (MSE)

  5. Contemporary trends in the hotel industry development

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Barjaktarovic, Dragan; Pindzo, Renata

    2016-01-01

    ... 1.260 billion, globally. More than 2/3 of total tourism turn over is provided by hospitality and restaurants business, which is the best indicator of relevance of those industries, for further development of total economic...

  6. Labor development strategy in the bag industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dyah Maya Nihayah

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The research aims to formulate strategies for improving the labor competencies in the bag industry in Kudus Regency. The data comprise business players, which will be analyzed using the Strength, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats (SWOT analysis. The results reveal that the proper strategy for improving employment in the bag industry is growth and build strategy. Growth and development strategy are intensive actions undertaken through the development of labor competencies to improve the quality of output. It can be made with creating learning resources by designing methods and trainings refer to the Competency Based Training (CBT.

  7. Recent developments in the Donbass coal industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bogatov, O.

    2002-12-01

    Recent developments in the coal industry of the Donetsk coal basin (Donbass) of the Ukraine are appraised through separate analyses of the two major components of the industry - coking coal and energy coal. The two sectors have features in common, but in many respects exhibit different behaviour. Recent evidence indicates that the coal industry of the Ukraine has achieved almost full monopolization. The coking-coal sector was monopolized first and on-going monopolization of the energy-coal market can be witnessed at present. The main player in the coal market is the large financial-industrial group, which has successfully created solid, vertically integrated structures along the production chains coal-coke-metal and coal-power generation-electricity. These groups control both the markets for energy and the investment streams flowing into the industries. In the near future the grip of the large financial-industrial groups is unlikely to show any signs of weakening without strong government intervention.

  8. Thoughts on the Current Cement Industry Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gan Zhihe

    2003-01-01

    According to the analysis of cement capacity andits relations with macro economy running index, the mainreasons for the present rapid development of cement capacityare the rapid development of economy and the shot up ofwhole society fixed asset investment. According to the presentspeed of economy development, cement still enjoys a po-tential increase, So here has not been an overall excessivepopularity of cement industry. The best way to prevent lowlevel repeated construction is to promote the development ofnew dry- process cement as well as try to get rid of blindness.

  9. Contemporary trends in the hotel industry development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barjaktarović Dragan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available International tourism has a leading position in the world's economy at the end of the 20th century and at the beginning of the 21st century. The number of participants in international tourism is near one billion tourists. Tourism FX income is above USD 1.260 billion, globally. More than 2/3 of total tourism turn over is provided by hospitality and restaurants business, which is the best indicator of relevance of those industries, for further development of total economic development and the tourism. Projections of different relevant world's institutions go in direction that tourism will have dynamic developing trend which will provide its' stronger position in the world's industry development. In accordance with UNWTO's estimations, number of foreign tourists will increase up to 1.8 million and FX tourist income is expected to reach USD 2.000 billion at the end of 2030. In order to meet the sophisticated requests of the modern tourists and provide an answer to contemporary market trends, hotel industry, as the base part of tourism, will respond with the new qualitative, technology based facilities and services.

  10. Manpower development for the biomedical industry space.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goh, James C H

    2013-01-01

    The Biomedical Sciences (BMS) Cluster is one of four key pillars of the Singapore economy. The Singapore Government has injected research funding for basic and translational research to attract companies to carry out their commercial R&D activities. To further intensify the R&D efforts, the National Research Foundation (NRF) was set up to coordinate the research activities of different agencies within the larger national framework and to fund strategic R&D initiatives. In recent years, funding agencies began to focus on support of translational and clinical research, particularly those with potential for commercialization. Translational research is beginning to have traction, in particular research funding for the development of innovation medical devices. Therefore, the Biomedical Sciences sector is projected to grow which means that there is a need to invest in human capital development to achieve sustainable growth. In support of this, education and training programs to strengthen the manpower capabilities for the Biomedical Sciences industry have been developed. In recent years, undergraduate and graduate degree courses in biomedical engineering/bioengineering have been developing at a rapid rate. The goal is to train students with skills to understand complex issues of biomedicine and to develop and implement of advanced technological applications to these problems. There are a variety of career opportunities open to graduates in biomedical engineering, however regardless of the type of career choices, students must not only focus on achieving good grades. They have to develop their marketability to employers through internships, overseas exchange programs, and involvement in leadership-type activities. Furthermore, curriculum has to be developed with biomedical innovation in mind and ensure relevance to the industry. The objective of this paper is to present the NUS Bioengineering undergraduate program in relation to manpower development for the biomedical

  11. China’s Copper Industry Development and the Prospects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    <正>Since the founding of the People’s Republic, China has given priority to the development of the copper industry, and for a long period of time, copper industry has been placed in the first categories of the industry development in China. Nevertheless, due to the restricted copper resources, the copper mining industry development was rather slow and by the end of

  12. The Global Trends of the Industrial Development in Developed and Developing Countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khaustova V. Ye.

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the global trends in the industrial development both in developed and developing countries. The study is based on the data of interbranch balances for 38 countries over the period of 1996-2011. In the selected groups of countries there have been studied: the dynamics and structure of the world industrial output, share of industry, dynamics and structure of the volume of industrial exports, dynamics of export orientation of the industrial production, dynamics of capacity of the domestic market for industrial products, structure of consumption of industrial products, dynamics and structure of the GDP of high-tech industries, dynamics of the share of the GDP of high-tech industries in the world industry GDP. There have been formed the rankings of top 20 producers, exporters and importers of industrial products in the world, leading countries in terms of capacity of the domestic market for industrial products, leading countries in terms of import dependence of the domestic market for industrial products in the world, leading countries in terms of the GDP volume of high-tech industries. Based on the conducted analysis it has been proved that the development of industry in developing countries is taking place in higher, as compared with developed ones, pace. High rates of industrial development in developing countries are ensured, first of all, by increasing their domestic market capacity. At the same time maintaining a high level of activity in the international market for industrial products still allows developed countries to keep the leading positions in rankings. The most industrially developed countries among the developing ones are Korea, China and India, and those among the developed countries are Germany, Japan and the United States. A significant advantage of the developed countries is observed in the production of high-tech products. Even considering the advantage in the GDP growth of high-tech industries in the

  13. The Development of Printing Industry in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Printing products are one kind of information carder.Printing can be seen as a service,serving almost all fields from politics, economy,military,science & technology,culture and education,news & publication,to daily life of the people.Every one of the people needs the services of printing.In China,with the development of market economy,printing has become increasingly important and more dependent to the economy.It is proper to say,the printing industry is growing simultaneously with the economy. So firstly I introduce some data about China’s economy.

  14. Outlook for developing the Hungarian oil industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zsengeller, I.

    1984-01-01

    Reports from the 72nd general meeting of the Hungarian state society of miners and metallurgists are presented. Half of the need for energy supply is provided by oil and natural gas. The annual extraction is 2 million T of oil and 7 billion mT of natural gas. The discovered reserves guarantee extraction for 10-30 years. The need is stressed for using new methods in oil refining to extract more valuable products. World Bank credit also has to be used for development of the industry.

  15. The development of the edible cricket industry in Thailand

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Halloran, Afton Marina Szasz; Roos, Nanna; Flore, Roberto

    2016-01-01

    Since cricket farming was introduced in Thailand in 1997, domestic, regional and international interest in the edible cricket industry has increased. This study aims to identify emerging themes related the development of the edible cricket industry over the past decades. It also discusses additio...... opportunities and threats to the industry. Considering the edible cricket industry as a part of the rural entrepreneurship and development policy discourse may be beneficial to sustainable development....

  16. Analysis on the Industrial Development and Its Layout in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    <正> Industrial development is an intrinsic factor of urban development. Regarding the issue of industrial development, the integrative urban planning of Beijing should focus on the relationship of industrial development and its spatial structure in the metropolitan area. This paper summarizes the main characteristics of this development.

  17. Technology Innovation for Promoting The Development of Space Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SunQing

    2005-01-01

    Forum on The Technology Innovation for Promoting The Development of Space Industry,hosted by China National Space Administration (CNSA) and China Association of Science and Technology (CAST), was held in Beijing on April 1,2005. Nearly one hundred experts from space industry attended the forum. They got together to have discussions on the industrialization of space industry.

  18. Social management in traditional, industrial and post-industrial society: the prospects for management systems development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V S Mukhametzhanova

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to social management development at different stages of society's evolution - traditional, industrial and post-industrial. The historical types of social management are highlighted.

  19. Green Design-the Development direction of Industrial design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王泽锟

    2015-01-01

    Ever since the reform and opening-up,all walks of life in China have started to develop rapidly,especially the industrial development.Though the rapidly developing industry has brought much convenience to our life,blind emphasis on the industrial development has also led to much negative effects. Therefore,green design is becoming an inevitable development trend of industrial design which is related to the future survival and development of human beings and is the development direct of all enterprises in the future.Industrial designers shall comply with the trend of future green design,learn the concept of green design while paying attention to the corporate profitability and apply it into industrial design to guarantee the survival and development of human beings[2].

  20. Technology Innovation Heralds the Development of the Nonferrous Metals Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    <正>The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) recently formally published"Development Plan for Nonferrous Metal Industry in the ‘Twelfth Five Year Plan’ Period"(hereinafter referred to as the "Plan"), and a sub-plan "Development Plan for Aluminum

  1. Green Design-the Development direction of Industrial design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王泽锟

    2015-01-01

    Ever since the reform and opening-up,all walk of life in China have started to develop rapidly,especially th industrial development.Though the rapidly developing industry has brought much convenience to our life,blind emphasis on th industrial development has also led to much negative effects Therefore,green design is becoming an inevitable developmen trend of industrial design which is related to the future surviva and development of human beings and is the development direc of all enterprises in the future.Industrial designers shall comply with the trend of future green design,learn the concept of green design while paying attention to the corporate profitability an apply it into industrial design to guarantee the survival an development of human beings[2].

  2. Rational Thoughts on the Development of Chinese Auto Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shao Qihui

    2004-01-01

    @@ In order to keep the steady, fast and sustainable development of auto industry, we should have an overall knowledge of the history and current situation of the world auto industry, and have a correct strategic planning and scientific measures towards the Chinese auto industry.

  3. The Development of China’s Copper Smelting Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    <正>Along with the stable development of China’s economy, China’s demand for copper and other nonferrous metals has kept increasing in recent years, and this development has been showing the increasing influence over the world market. Motivated by the market demand, China’s copper industry has kept a quick development trend with the scale of the industry expanding

  4. Development of IT Industry in China in the New Age

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIANG Ze-min

    2009-01-01

    The article explains the role and future trend of IT industry, and states that information technology represented by the Internet and computers has brought about the third industrial revolution in history. An important impetus for economic growth in modern times, the IT industry has greatly promoted sustainable development and is profoundly changing mankind's way of life and production. In discussing the development trend of world IT industry, the article suggests that with potential new breakthroughs in information technology, the trend of agglomeration and integration of industries has become increasingly obvious, competition of intellectual properties and standards is intensifying and ubiquitous network is taking shape. It points out that China should bring into better play the role of IT industry as an "amplifier" in economic growth, a "transformer" in development mode and a "propeller" in industrial upgrading. It is important to follow a policy that emphasizes independent innovation, market-driven approach, open and compatible technologies, integrated and comprehensive applications, and serving both military and civil purposes, so that a quantum leap of IT industry will be achieved. China should advance industrialization with information technologies and promote the IT industry in the course of industrialization in an effort to build an IT industry with Chinese characteristics. Greater efforts should be made to develop such core sectors as microelectronics, computer, software, key components and materials, as well as sectors with international competitiveness, including broadband mobile communication, next-generation network and information services. Continued improvement should be made in policies guiding the development of IT industry with a view to making China a country with a strong IT industry by 2020.

  5. The development of Shanghai's service industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    The development of Shanghai's service industry should be choreographed in the following steps: (1) Actively promoting for the development of the industry through awareness of the general laws for its developmertt; (2) Speeding up the monopolies existing in some service sectors so as to open to the private some

  6. China’s Silicon Industry Development Review and the Prospects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    <正>After nearly 50 years development, China’s silicon production and export has come to the first place in the world and the industry development over the past years as well as its prospects are drawing the attention of the various industry sectors.

  7. THE BIRTH AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE THEORY OF INDUSTRY MARKET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    А. Ignatyuk

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available In this article the stages of the birth and development of the industry markets theory were defined in order to have a full picture of its current goals, objectives and areas of study.

  8. Competing in Fashion Goods: Firms and Industrial Districts in the Development of the Spanish Shoe Industry

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    José Antonio Miranda

    2009-01-01

    ... an important world exporter of footwear beginning in the 1960s. The accepted hypothesis is that the industry's evolution was determined by both Spain's economic development and the sector's characteristics internationally...

  9. Trends in the Development of China’s Aviation Industry

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    The Chinese leadership has identified the aviation industry as a strategic priority. This policy brief assesses progress in China’s aviation industry, with a focus on 2009–2010. A review of major developments in China’s civilian and military aircraft programs reveals a trend in China’s approach to advancing its aviation industry: dependence on foreign partnerships alongside investment in indigenous research and development. It remains to be seen if this hybrid techno-globalist and techno-nati...

  10. Supporting developers in addressing maintenance aspects: an empirical study in the industrial equipment manufacturing industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mulder, W.

    2016-01-01

    Addressing maintenance aspects has become increasingly important in development projects of industrial equipment. Developers of such equipment need to address the maintenance aspects in order to achieve competitive equipment and service offerings. This research focuses on the identification of the

  11. Developing countries and the aircraft industry: match or mismatch?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Steenhuis, Harm-Jan; Bruijn, de Erik J.

    2001-01-01

    For many industrially developing countries, technology transfer is seen as a road towards technological and economic development. Indonesian experiences with the aircraft industry suggest that the transfer of technology in this sector is extremely difficult, and even if technology is actually transf

  12. The Research of Scrapped Automobiles Recycling and Disassembling Industry Development Based on Auto Industry Chain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    linhua Pang

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The number of China’s scrapped car is on an explosively growing trend, and the development of scrapped car recycling industry has a golden prospect. The current scrapped car recycling system is not perfect in our country, because related industries driven by market develop slowly, and there are some outstanding problems such as potential safety risks, environmental pollution and resource waste. The paper analyzes and studies the existing problems and countermeasures to investigate the development strategy of scrapped car recycling industry according to the whole automobile industry chain construction, technology and equipment conditions, policy guidance, etc. and at last explore the new industrial development pattern of serving automobile reverse design.

  13. Discuss the Development of Computer-Aided Industrial Design Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jun Yao

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The direction of the development of the industrial design gradually approaches mechanical-electrical integration and informational and electronic products. With an increasing improvement of its technical content, and better social economic conditions, peoples consumption concept are getting more and more different. Consumer concerns not just the functionality and quality of the product, more and more people are starting to focus on the appearance of the product, degree of innovation, environmental protection, and so on, which brings a higher degree of difficulty to the industrial technology. It is because the increasing demands of people and the industrial design, many scholars are increasingly concerned about the industrial design in recent years. With the continuous development of computer technology, a wide variety of hardware and software are developed, and a variety of ever-changing technologies are attracting the industrial design talents as well.

  14. Research on the Development Issues of Fruit Industrialization of Shaanxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The thesis expounds the status quo of the fruit industrial development in Shaanxi Province:the first is the output and distribution of fruits;the second is the status quo of fruit industrial development.The planting layout of fruit is continuously optimized;the industrial scale and the brand reputation are increasingly promoted;the process of fruit industrialization develops rapidly.The problems existing in the fruit industrial chain of Shaanxi Province are analyzed:firstly,in the chain of preproduction service and support system,the capital input is scanty,the production standard is not unified,and the matching service system is not sound;secondly,in the chain of cultivation and plucking,the regional layout is not reasonable and the variety structure is not balanced;thirdly,in the chain of post-plucking disposal and enterprise scale,the post-plucking disposal ability is not enough and the enterprise scale of fruit industry is small;fourthly,in the chain of products sales,the awareness of famous brand is not strong,the marketing ways are outdated and the sales structure is not reasonable.The countermeasures and suggestions for promoting fruit industrial development of Shaanxi Province are put forward:firstly,perfect preproduction service and support system;secondly,promote the scientific technology of cultivation and plucking;thirdly,strengthen the commercialization disposal after plucking;fourthly,reinforce the degree of marketing.

  15. The Impact of Infrastructural Development on Nigeria's Industrial ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nneka Umera-Okeke

    of GDP) was used as an indicator of Nigeria's industrial sector performance, while index of electricity ... World Bank (1994) defines infrastructure to be an umbrella ... at different strata of industrial development to properly demystify income and levels of productivity .... The distribution of road infrastructure in Ekiti state, Nigeria.

  16. Towards A Sustainable Development Of The Bamboo Industry In ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Towards A Sustainable Development Of The Bamboo Industry In Ghana. ... from locations spreading across all major ecological zones of Ghana. ... The capacity of large and small scale entrepreneurs must be enhanced for improved value ...

  17. Methodological issues concerning the development of sustainable industrial parks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marian NASTASE

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, in order to make a sustainable economic growth possible, especially within manufacturing industries, with auspicious effects concerning the standard of living and the employment rates, the governments should develop and implement projects and strategies, aiming the transition towards knowledge-based economy. The entities that need investments the most are the countries which are crossing a development process, usually facing difficulties in developing a high-performance industrial sector. Under these circumstances, industrial parks prove to be important tools in order to ensure the competitiveness of the national industry. However, the more and more frequent relocation of industrial companies within industrial parks, as a consequence of amplifying the urban areas’ environmental regulations, is due to generate uncontrollable pollution centers, placed just nearby towns and cities, with highly destructive impact upon the environment. This article aims to describe and recommend several strategic options for developing sustainable industrial parks, focused on protecting the environment and promoting the “new economy’s” principles. Among the strategic options recommended, some of them are highly innovative, such as environmental benchmarking or environmental leadership.

  18. Strategic Development Trends in the World Pharmaceutical Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dragan Kesič

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of the paper is to research and evaluate the strategicdevelopment trends in the world pharmaceutical industry in the period1996–2006.We aim to find that mergers and acquisitions prevailas a vital strategic development option in the world pharmaceutical industry.The research examines the exploratory hypothesis that the intensiveglobalization process, increased competitiveness and changedstructure of competitors, strongly influence the consolidation developmenttrends in the world pharmaceutical industry which result in anincreased number of mergers and acquisitions. The intensive consolidationof the world pharmaceutical industry is a market driven processand conditioned by several strategic issues, such as lack of brand newproducts, increased competitiveness, fast globalization process, intensiveglobal marketing and sales activities, changed structure of competitors,fight for global market shares and customers’ loyalty. There isclear evidence that the world pharmaceutical industry and market areboth becoming more oligopolistic and monopolistic.

  19. ON THE ROLE OF INDUSTRIAL CLUSTER IN REGIONAL ECONOMY DEVELOPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elza I. Mantaeva

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The article highlights the advantages of cluster development of the regions’ economies. Nowadays all regions of our country have the task to increase the efficiency of production, to improve the welfare of the population and to introduce an innovative way of development. World experience has shown that a cluster approach to structuring the national economy and regional economic systems is an essential condition for increasing production efficiency, competitiveness of the regional economy and improving the welfare of the population. Analysis of industrial production in the economy of the Republic of Kalmykia over the past two decades indicates that the region presents a striking example of de-industrialization. It means that the economy should have a strong state support for its development. The revealed problems of the development of the region’s industrial sector push to create and develop an industrial cluster in order to revive industry. Moreover, the state should support companies that make up the core of the cluster as well as infrastructure enterprises, such as educational institutions, investment funds, insurance companies and financial institutions. A coordination council should manage the cluster. Its task will involve the arrangement of the dialogue between representatives of industrial enterprises, resource suppliers, representatives of educational and scientific institutions whose interests coincide with the tasks of the cluster. Nowadays the heads of all regions have the task to form and develop territorial clusters. It is obvious that the cluster development of the industrial sector will be the best way for revival and development of the economy of the Kalmyk Republic.

  20. THE ROLE OF INDUSTRIAL PARCS IN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MEȘTER Liana-Eugenia

    2013-07-01

    The approach of the subject is theoretical starting from the need to support the economic activities by local social institutions fostering the access to information and technology and identifying some solutions that meet these needs - industrial parks. Even if industrial parks in Romania are still considered in draft form, some examples can be identified as functional and supporting the local development. Their functionality is given by the involvement of local authorities and the interest of the business environment in exploiting the economic potential of the region. The role of industrial parks in supporting the local development is measured in the number of new jobs created, the income received by local institutions by paying taxes and duties from firms benefiting from the infrastructure made available through their involvement in attracting investors; the more productive the industry and more efficient the production, the higher the company\\\\\\'s results and therefore the benefits of local institutions.

  1. THE OPPORTUNITY TO ADDRESS THE SUSTAINABLE INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT IN ROMANIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Duduială Popescu Lorena

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Its economy experienced a sharp decline, coupled with a process of deindustrialization, projected on a phase of the property. In these circumstances, to discuss the sustainable development may seem inappropriate; therefore, be taken in steps such as halting the decline of the economy and industry; the industry revitalization and growth; the development that takes place according to the criteria of sustainable development. To this must be stopped declining industrial output and output stabilization. It must be found and made the necessary conditions leading to full use of the potential of the country, to stimulate those structural changes that allow the country to fall market economy conditions. To address the main criteria for sustainable industrial development since this time of economic downturn may be several reasons such as the need to respect the provisions of international treaties to which Romania is a party. Some of them may be mentioned as: putting control of Earth's greenhouse effect, preventing damage to the ozone layer (waiving of manufacture and use of chlorofluorocarbons, transboundary pollution and protection of large water basins of the border. Each of these treaties contain provisions that are converging concept of sustainable development. The entry into the European Union implies aligning Romanian legislation in the EU The EU Council adopted a common position, relative to a plan of action intended to give a new political impetus of the fifth environmental action program. The main objective of this program is the promotion of sustainable development throughout the economy. The Action Plan identifies priority areas for action, namely: • better integration of environmental issues into policies as those of agriculture, transport, energy, industry and tourism; • further development of basic tools acting on the market and, in particular, horizontal instruments; • improving enforcement and implementation of environmental

  2. Developments in Latin America: The Temporary Staffing Industry in Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Jennifer Watts

    2011-01-01

    While many countries are still struggling to escape the effects of the financial crisis, Brazil has experienced strong economic growth, providing a stimulus for further investment and temporary staffing agency expansion. This Working Brief aims to outline some of the developments that have occurred in the temporary staffing industry in Brazil. I briefly outline the regulatory context for temporary staffing in Brazil before highlighting the characteristics of the industry and detailing the eme...

  3. Auto Industry Development Policy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    <正> Decree No. 8The National Development and Reform CommissionThe People’s Republic of ChinaAccording to the Document [2004] 30 of the State Council, the Auto Industry Development Policy has passed the examination of the Sitate Development and Reform Commission and been approved by the State Council. Now it is issued and shall be effective as of the date of promulgation. The Auto Industrial Policies implemented since 1994 should end as of the date of this promulgation.MAKaiDirector of the National Development and Reform CommissionMay 21, 2004

  4. Supervising development in petroleum industry of the Russian Federation

    OpenAIRE

    Sizov, Aleksey Valentinovich; Tretyakov, Konstantin Nikolaevich; Boyarko, Grigory Yurievich; Shenderova, Inna Vladimirovna; Shakirov, A.

    2015-01-01

    Supervising has strongly consolidated in the domestic petroleum services market of the Russian Federation. But despite the rapid growth of the supervising services market, there is a definite need for its further development. In the article, the developments of supervising in petroleum industry of the Russian Federation, as well as possible ways of its improvement are considered.

  5. Technology development for the food industry: a conceptual model

    OpenAIRE

    Khramtsov, Andrey; Evdokimov, Ivan; Lodygin, Aleksey; Budkevich, Roman

    2014-01-01

    The information available on high technology in food industry is systematized. Different approaches to the development and integration of scientific knowledge are discussed. According to the European Institute for Food Processing (EU-IFP), there are three possible areas where a breakthrough in food science can occur: biotechnology (BIOTECH), nanotechnology (NANO), and information and communication technology (ICT). A transition is expected of high technology in food industry to convergent tec...

  6. DEVELOPMENT OF THE STATE SUPPORT FORMS PROJECTS IN INDUSTRIAL BUILDING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. M. Meilanov

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim. The topicality of the research is stipulated by the objective necessity of the organizational and economic mechanism improvement of the state support projects of the industrial building. The aim of the research is the development of conceptual provisions and methodological foundations of financial projects creating conditions for economic growth of Russia based on the construction and putting into effect industrial objects.Methods. In the course of the research the system, subject-functional and structural approaches were implemented to solve the problems set widening the scope of the complex approach to assessment of the current operating mechanism of the state financial support of the projects and financial volume; to criteria stipulation of the most effective projects contest selection: to the search of the investment resources accumulation instrument into industrial building.Results. It is stipulated that state investment policy in industrial building mechanism oriented to define rational investment volumes and their branch, reproductive, technological and territorial structure; option of the building branch development priority; increase of the investment projects efficiency realization. The dynamics of the state support in the form of subsidies and budget investments into creation of the industrial building objects is analytically summarized. It is determined that the peculiarity of the modern state support projects of industrial building is transition from budget allocations distribution between branches and regions to selective and partial financing of specific investment projects on competitive basis. Some tactics of state and private partnership attracting private capital without losing strategic state control under systems and objects are defined. As an effective form of the industrial building support projects it is proposed to use a concession model form: projecting - building- financing- ownership - exploitation

  7. Developing e-learning solutions in the automotive industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Razvan Virgil Bogdan

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available In the rapid developing market of automotive industry, cutting-edge technologies are being introduced. One such example is the AUTOSAR standard. Companies are investing a large amount of finances for the training of their employees into the intricacies of such technologies. In order to face such an increase of the training costs, automotive corporation have started lately switching their approach to e-Learning systems. This paper presents an e-Learning approach developed in the automotive industry in order to address the demands of teaching AUTOSAR standard. The developed e-Learning project is called Academy. In order to develop the e-Learning solution we focused on the Software Development part of automotive industry. Therefore we had to gather the ideas from different trainers, come with a common approach and use specific techniques so that the trainee should get a real feeling of the material. It is presented the design, implementation and evaluation of this e-Learning solution, but more than that faced issues and learned lessons. Developing this solution has offered different insights into how to approach such a task which are useful for the further expansion of the project, but also for future researchers who might encounter such a challenge of developing e-Learning solutions for the automotive industry. These are all grouped in a set of guidelines related to following a model of implementation, getting track of participants, user interaction with the AUTOSAR standard, test and production development and so on.

  8. How to Develop the Tea Industry in Leiyang City?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fengtao; WANG; Xiaoping; ZENG; Xiaolan; WU; Yubin; LIANG

    2015-01-01

    Based on the current development situation of tea industry in Leiyang City,this paper analyzes the existing problems such as small scale of high quality tea plantation,insufficient brand awareness,inadequate funding input,extensive tea plantation management,rising labor costs and outdated mechanical equipment. Finally this paper expounds the development goal and sets forth the corresponding recommendations.

  9. Supporting developers in addressing maintenance aspects: an empirical study in the industrial equipment manufacturing industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mulder, Wienik

    2016-01-01

    Addressing maintenance aspects has become increasingly important in development projects of industrial equipment. Developers of such equipment need to address the maintenance aspects in order to achieve competitive equipment and service offerings. This research focuses on the identification of the m

  10. Development of computer science in the power industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Klos, A.; Nowakowski, R.; Staniszewska, E.

    1987-02-01

    This report discusses development of computerized control systems and computer calculations in the Polish power industry from 1960 to 1985. Three development periods are comparatively evaluated: 1960-1965 (pioneer period), 1965-1975 (period of intensive development), 1975-1985 (period of stagnation). From 1980 to 1985 the number of computers used in the power industry only slightly increased. The following computer types were in use in 1985: 2 units of the Odra 1204, 4 units of the Odra 1304, 21 units of the Odra 1305, 16 units of the Odra 1325, 5 units of the R 32 Ryad computers, 5 on-line control systems. The computers were used for planning, design optimization, computerized power system control, and computer calculations in management. Types of control systems used in the power industry and names of research team members are given.

  11. THE DEVELOPMENT OF A STRATEGIC INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING PHILOSOPHY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Leonard

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available

    ENGLISH ABSTRACT: The proposed expansion of the Industrial Engineering discipline, termed Strategic Industrial Engineering, holds that scientific industrial engineering knowledge may be applied to capitalistic systems with the strategic goal of maximising wealth for the corporate shareholders. This paper provides an overview of the development of such a Strategic Industrial Engineering Philosophy and discusses the possible application of this philosophy in improving the capital productivity of an organisation.

    AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Die voorgestelde uitbreiding van die Bedryfsingenieurswesedissipline, genaamd Strategiese Bedryfsingenieurswese, beweer dat wetenskaplike bedryfsingenieurswesekennis toegepas mag word op kapitalistiese stelsels met die maksimisering van welvaart vir die korporatiewe aandeelhouers as die strategiese doelwit. Hierdie artikel verskaf ’n oorsig van die ontwikkeling van so ’n Strategiese Bedryfsingenieurswesefilosofie en bespreek die moontlike toepassing van hierdie filosofie in die verbetering van die kapitaalproduktiwiteit van ’n onderneming.

  12. Elements for sustainable industrial development policy in the transition period

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Platon, V. [Romanian Association for Sustainable Development and Eco Management (ARMEDD), Bucharest (Romania)

    1995-12-31

    The pollution problems of the former socialist countries are very complex. One solution can be the sustainable concept, but there are many difficulties translating the concept into real economy. This paper attempts to sustain the idea that industrial sustainable development is one important step for an ecologically responsible economic development. The sustainable development of the power supply sector, particularly power plants in Romania, is described. 5 refs.

  13. New Development of China Shipping Industry in the New Century

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    Distinguished Chairman, Ladies and Gentlemen,Today I am very delighted to attend the 12th China International Maritime Technology Forum in Shanghai, communicate the development and trend of maritime transport and related industries, and discuss the policies and measures on promotion of sustainable and healthy development of maritime transport industry together with every friend in maritime transport sector from home and abroad. I hope the Forum will be of a complete success.Nowadays, with the continuous deepening of economic globalization and trade

  14. Regional Institutional Structure in the Context of Innovative Industry Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anastasia Y. Nikitaeva

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The paper proves that successful innovation-oriented development of the industrial complex of the region can be ensured through the creation of adequate institutional structure. As a theoretical and conceptual platform for this task the use of regional institutionalism is suggested. It is reasoned that integration component plays an important role in providing of the innovative development of the industry in modern economic realities and the potential effects of integration on meso- and micro-levels of economy are provided. Integration of industrial structures potential at the same time assumes expansion of a partner segment of the entities relations in the market environment on the basis of network, cluster, and integration approaches convergence to management in the industrial development. On the basis of the international experience analysis it is illustrated that forming of multichannel partnership of actors in the industrial sphere with a vector on an innovatization requires creation of the corresponding institutional conditions. It is established that the main objectives of the relevant institutes consist in legitimization of various forms and technologies of partnership and stimulation of economic entities interactions. The first problem is solved by means of legal support of integration and partners’ interactions, the second one - with the use of a program and project approach. The basic structural elements and functional areas of regional institutional structure in the context of innovative industry development are determined. It is shown that the institutions of the partnership and monitoring of the obligations implementation by integration formations participants can have formal and informal nature, at the same time the trust institution is especially important. In work significant influence of regional specifics on institutional structure and integration of economic entities is proved.

  15. Study on the Development Capability of New Energy Industry in China -A Case Study of New Energy Industry Development in Tianjin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wen Wang

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This study first introduces the development history of new energy industry. In order to evaluate the development capability of new energy industry, the study set up an evaluation model for development capability of new energy industry. Using this model the study evaluates the development capability of new energy industry in Tianjin.

  16. Industrial Engineering and development.

    OpenAIRE

    Carrión Muñoz, Rolando Víctor; Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos

    2014-01-01

    In the mission, approved by consensus, refers that the investigation in the faculty contributes to the “sustainable development of the society”. And according to the industrial engineering professional background of San Marcos University, graduates develop many actions, among others, for the “human development”. This article demonstrates that the human and sustainable development are expressions that have substituted the term “development”, that has been losing its original meaning, as it has...

  17. Developing E-Learning Solutions in the Automotive Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogdan, Razvan; Ancusa, Versavia

    2016-01-01

    In the rapid developing market of automotive industry, cutting-edge technologies are being introduced. One such example is the AUTOSAR standard. Companies are investing a large amount of finances for the training of their employees into the intricacies of such technologies. In order to face such an increase of the training costs, automotive…

  18. The State and the Development of Industrial Plantation Forest

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sudarmalik Sudarmalik

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Development of industrial plantation forest is a form of principal-agent relationship, in which the Ministry of Forestry as a principal gives utilization permit to the entrepreneur as an agent, known as the Forest Timber Product Exploitation Permit on Planted Forest. This utilization permit obtained by the agents is operationally conducted by other parties through a cooperative agreement. The purpose of this study is to obtain an information regarding to the state position in the development of industrial plantation forest. The study was conducted in Riau Province, using the constructivist paradigm with phenomenological method. Data were obtained through in-depth interviews to selected informants. Data were also obtained from the review of documents to complement the interview. Data analysis was conducted using property rights and principal agent theories. The phenomenon of multi-chain transfer of the management rights of plantation forest that occoured in the observed companies showed that the state was unable to effectively control to the forest plantation. The study recommends that state should issue regulation to decrease or stops further transfer of the management rights of plantation forest. However, further study needs to overcome the existing over accumulation of plantation forest in a few hands.Keywords: industrial plantation forest, property right, principal agent, the state position, authority

  19. The Clinch Bend Regional Industrial Site and economic development opportunities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-12-31

    This effort focuses initially on the Clinch Bend site. Other sites and developable tracts of land are identified with the assistance of communities in proximity to Oak Ridge, the State of Tennessee, and others, and compared with the projected site requirements for large industrial facilities.

  20. Licensing arrangements and the development of the solar energy industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Green, M.

    1979-06-01

    The process by which technology and information related to technology are transferred within industry is explored. Property rights in technology are part of the broader field of intellectual property. The general contours of legal protection for knowledge are explored. The four basic forms of intellectual property - patents, trade secrets (or know-how), trademarks, and copyrights - are covered in varying degrees of depth, depending on their relative applicability to the development of the solar industry. Once this background has been established, the legal aspects of licensing are examined. A license is a legal arrangement whereby a party (licensor) who controls the right to use an idea, invention, etc. shares the right to use the particular intellectual property with someone else (licensee). The advantages and disadvantages of licensing are described from the point of view of potential licensees and licensors. Barriers to licensing are discussed.

  1. The lessons learned from the development of the wind energy industry that might be applied to marine industry renewables.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garrad, Andrew

    2012-01-28

    This paper considers the early experiences of the development of wind turbines and the wind energy industry in order to try and identify lessons learned that could now be applied to the developing marine renewables technology and industry. It considers both political and commercial incentives and engineering development.

  2. ACCELERATING CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohan M. Kumaraswamy

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available The needs for construction industry development are initially viewed from the broader perspectives of imperatives for infrastructure development and national development. All these are clearly more critical in developing countries. A non-exhaustive set of potential drivers and common barriers to construction industry development is identified from previous research. These suggest the usefulness of consolidating a cluster of recent proposals and exercises aiming at (a construction organization development in terms of an over-arching management support system model, as well as improved information and knowledge management; and (b project team development in the context of relationally integrated teams and supply chains, joint risk management and ‘technology and knowledge exchange’ in joint ventures, as well as longer term public private partnerships. These apparently disparate research thrusts are threaded together into a pattern that may inspire, if not feed, specific research and development (R & D agendas for construction industry development in different countries according to their own priorities, constraints and stages of infrastructure and national development.

  3. The environmental costs of China’s industrial development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李钢; 姚磊磊; 马岩

    2009-01-01

    This paper estimates China’s industrial costs under the virtual cost accounting approach.The estimation results show that Chinese industries have disbursed an increasing amount of environmental costs since 1992 while expanding environmental investment;China’s industrial cleanness has been on the rise since 1998;the virtual industrial environmental costs have been in decline since 1998.In 2007,the total industrial environmental costs accounted for merely 0.73%of gross industrial output value and only 2.52%of industrial value added;the virtual environmental costs accounted for merely 0.23%of gross industrial output value and only 0.81%of industrial value added.These figures indicate that the effects of environmental costs on the international competitiveness of Chinese industries are very limited even if China complies with the highest environmental standards.

  4. Development of Integrated Production Scheduling System in the Process Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed K. Omar

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available This study introduces a three-level hierarchical production planning and scheduling approach developed and implemented in a resin factory. Our approach proposes at the first level a mixed-integer linear programming for solving the aggregate planning model. At the second level, a weighted-integer goal-programming model is developed to disaggregate the developed aggregate plans. A sequencing algorithm is developed for the third level that tends to minimize the total weighted tardiness. Real industrial data is used to test and validate the proposed models.

  5. Recent Developments in the Crystallization Process: Toward the Pharmaceutical Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhenguo Gao

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Crystallization is one of the oldest separation and purification unit operations, and has recently contributed to significant improvements in producing higher-value products with specific properties and in building efficient manufacturing processes. In this paper, we review recent developments in crystal engineering and crystallization process design and control in the pharmaceutical industry. We systematically summarize recent methods for understanding and developing new types of crystals such as co-crystals, polymorphs, and solvates, and include several milestones such as the launch of the first co-crystal drug, Entresto (Novartis, and the continuous manufacture of Orkambi (Vertex. Conventional batch and continuous processes, which are becoming increasingly mature, are being coupled with various control strategies and the recently developed crystallizers are thus adapting to the needs of the pharmaceutical industry. The development of crystallization process design and control has led to the appearance of several new and innovative crystallizer geometries for continuous operation and improved performance. This paper also reviews major recent progress in the area of process analytical technology.

  6. Specific development of the baking industry in Kemerovo oblast

    OpenAIRE

    Kiryukhina, A.; Guk, N.

    2013-01-01

    The article shows the dynamics of the output of baked goods over the past five years in Russia and in the Siberian Federal District. The main trends in the development of the baking branch of the food industry of Kemerovo oblast are specified. Factors that determine the dynamics of baked goods production in the Kuznetsk Basin are considered. Practices of transfer from administrative bread price regulation to targeted subsidies for the least protected strata are shown. Analytical results of th...

  7. The industrial practice and development of flotation column in China

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liu Jiongtian; Zhang Shuangquan [China Univ. of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou (China). Dept. of Energy Utilization and Chemical Engineering

    1997-12-31

    This paper reviewed the developing course of the flotation column since the 1960`s in China. Based on the practical data from several coal preparation plants, two types of flotation columns (the pressure aerated column and the jetting-cyclone column) were compared by their operation, performance and the reasons why they succeeded in the coal industry in China. The paper points out that the flotation column has come into commercial use and has good application prospects in China.

  8. The essence and peculiarities of the development of industrial marketing in Ukraine

    OpenAIRE

    Shkvyrya, Natalya

    2013-01-01

    In article the nature and meaning of industrial marketing in market conditions are determined. The main differences between consumer marketing of industrial marketing are systematized. Prerequisite for the development of industrial marketing in Ukraine are identified.

  9. The current state of industry development in Ukraine: advance perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Skyba Maryna Valeriyivna

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The current state of the industry of Ukraine are considered at the article. The author determined that the stabilization of the situation and further development of the industry need first of all cessation of hostilities. It is necessary to implement effective measures to combat corruption, the development of consistent, constructive and concerted action on the formation of institutions guaranteeing stability, predictability and transparency of the market rules and procedures that minimize the impact of shadow factors, and implementation of professional privatization and limitation of monopoly at the markets, forming a transparent, competitive business environment, the introduction of new energy saving technologies. These measures will help attract investment, increase production and improve enterprise profitability.

  10. The petroleum industry development; Le developpement de l`industrie petroliere

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Debackere, M.C. [Institut Francais du Petrole (IFP), 92 - Rueil-Malmaison (France)

    1995-12-31

    Twenty years ago, the petroleum price was multiplied by four and the use of petroleum as a political weapon by Arab countries made the world amazed. How did the petroleum, ignored until now, take such an importance. There are the factors which have determined such an exceptional growth which are going to be analyzed here and to allow to illustrate the very particular development of petroleum industry. (N.C.). 7 refs.

  11. The State and the Development of Industrial Plantation Forest

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sudarmalik

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Development of industrial plantation forest is a form of principal-agent relationship, in which the Ministry of Forestry as a principal gives utilization permit to the entrepreneur as an agent, known as the Forest Timber Product Exploitation Permit on Planted Forest. This utilization permit obtained by the agents is operationally conducted by other parties through a cooperative agreement. The purpose of this study is to obtain an information regarding to the state position in the development of industrial plantation forest. The study was conducted in Riau Province, using the constructivist paradigm with phenomenological method. Data were obtained through in-depth interviews to selected informants. Data were also obtained from the review of documents to complement the interview. Data analysis was conducted using property rights and principal agent theories. The phenomenon of multi-chain transfer of the management rights of plantation forest that occoured in the observed companies showed that the state was unable to effectively control to the forest plantation. The study recommends that state should issue regulation to decrease or stops further transfer of the management rights of plantation forest. However, further study needs to overcome the existing over accumulation of plantation forest in a few hands.

  12. The spanish agrofood industry: importance and role in regional development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan José Juste Carrión

    2005-05-01

    economic growth and spatial development. In accordance with this objective, the article initially determines the relative importance of the agrofood sector within the Spanish and European industries. Then, we analyse the main features of the national agrofood industry arising from its performance during the last two decades. Lastly, the paper includes some reflections on the sector’s strengths and weaknesses as the principles that underlie its evolution in the near future.

  13. Effects of WTO on the Textile Industry on Developing Countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syed Abdul Sattar Shah

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The current investigates the Effects of WTO on the Textile Industry on Developing Countries. Data were collected from various secondary sources and data is analyzed by using SPSS-20 version statistical software. It was revealed that WTO more industrialized countries consented to export fewer textiles while less industrialized countries enjoyed increased quotas for exporting their textiles. Bangladesh was expected to suffer the most from the ending of the MFA because it was expected to face more competition, particularly from China, it has tried to maintain its competitiveness in the post-quota era. It was further revealed that It has also been examined that all over the world textile industries are facing high inflation which is the hottest issue due to which the cost of doing business is going higher and higher day by day. The Chinese, Indian, Sri Lankan and Bangladeshi textile manufacturers are also out of those affected ones whose major issues are associated with increased cost of production. China’s dominance of the global garments trade has also been affected due to the rise in the costs of material, labour, energy, environmental protection and high interest rate. Furthermore, the environmental standard is also a barrier to many Chinese enterprises; even most of the Chinese enterprises have inputted environmental Standard.

  14. Catering industry development in the city of Sochi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiana А. Yudina

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available In the present article the author studies catering services provided to athletes during 2010 Winter Olympic Games in Vancouver (Canada. The author has examined catering businesses in Sochi, their equipment and services as well as human resources issues. The author has proposed various approaches and solutions of problems (in Sochi, such as developing chain restaurants and fine cuisine restaurants, creation of Restaurateur’s Association in Sochi which will coordinate this branch of hospitality industry before and after the Games.

  15. Development of Systematic Sustainability Assessment (SSA) for the Malaysian Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohd Turan, Faiz; Johan, Kartina; Lanang, Wan Nurul Syahirah Wan; Hisyamudin Muhd Nor, Nik

    2016-11-01

    Sustainability assessment is recognized as a powerful and important tool to measure the performance of sustainability in a company or industry. There are various initiatives exists on tools for sustainable development. However, most of the sustainability measurement tools emphasize on environmental, economy and governance aspects. Some of the companies also implement different of sustainability indicators to evaluate the performance of economy, social and environmental separately. In this research, a new methodology for assessing sustainability in the context of Malaysian industry has been developed using integration of Green Project Management (GPM) P5 Integration Matrix, new scale of “Weighting criteria” and Rough-Grey Analysis. This systematic assessment will help the engineers or project managers measure the critical element of sustainability compliance.

  16. The medical device industry developments in software risk management

    CERN Document Server

    Burton, John; McCaffery, Fergal; hAodha, Micheal O

    2009-01-01

    The Medical Device industry is one of the fastest growing industries in the world. Device manufacturers are producing increasingly sophisticated and complex medical device software to differentiate themselves in the battle for dominance in this sector.

  17. Revisiting the Utility of Industrial Sociology in National Development ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Toshiba

    critically how the industrial sociology will benefit the organisational managers and policy ..... industrial relations climate in both public and private work establishments is ..... will re-define national discourse and shape the way things are viewed.

  18. Product Innovation Development in the Companies of Creative Industries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rolandas Strazdas

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Many authors distinguish product innovation as a key factor for long-term competitiveness. Dominant narrow perception of a product is leading towards incorrect product development process and the consequent result is a bad product. Narrow perception of a product is one of the main paralysing factors affecting the creator in the process of product development, which leads towards a low level of product innovation. As a result, a company is losing its uniqueness, originality, and is not of  interest neither for consumers nor the product developers themselves. This article deals with the product perception problems in the companies of creative industries. The main limiting factors for the perception of a product are analysed in the article as well as possibilities to expand the perception of a product. Five main product development methods: conservative, delegative, holistic, limited open, fully open are described in the article. The choice of the product development methods is especially important for the creative industries companies whose product development process is very intensive. 

  19. How to Develop the Rice Industry in Wuchang City?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lifen; YANG; Yanlin; QU; Jianwei; GUO

    2014-01-01

    The rice industry in Wuchang City has the advantages of improved varieties,well-known brands,technology management practices,and also the disadvantages of low coverage of farmer associations,single product variety,low level of deep processing and inefficient quality control.In this article,we analyze the current situation of the rice industry in Wuchang City,and point out some problems in the circulation system of Wuchang rice.Finally,we put forth the following recommendations:supporting the building of farmer associations and strengthening the farmers’bargaining power and status in the market;supporting the leading enterprises to develop many rice product varieties and improve the deep processing capacity;further improving the support service system.

  20. Industrialized Information Systems Development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Havn, Erling; Bansler, Jørgen P.

    1996-01-01

    with such generic products, instead of custom made software. We discuss how the move away from traditional in-house development and the increasing use of generic software is likely to transform IS development in the near future. We conclude that these developments will make new demands on the information systems......The production of application software is rapidly being industrialized. Computer manufacturers and software houses produce a rapidly growing number of generic software applications and systems, and more and more user companies choose to build their computer-based information systems...

  1. Market structure, industrial organisation and technological development: the case of the Japanese electronics-based nc-machine tool industry.

    OpenAIRE

    Watanabe, S

    1983-01-01

    ILO pub-WEP pub. Working paper on the impact of market structure and business organization on technological change in the automatic control machine tool industry in Japan - based on a 1982 sample survey of 40 industrial enterprises, discusses research and development trends, demand, production, subcontracting, competition, etc.; investigates the impact of electronics Innovation on small scale industry, the international division of labour and on developing countries. Bibliography and graphs.

  2. The Important Role of Physics in Industry and Economic Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alvarado, Igor

    2012-10-01

    Good Physics requires good education. Good education translates into good Physics professionals. The process starts early with Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) education programs for Middle and High-School students. Then it continues with competitive higher education programs (2 years and 4 years) at colleges and universities designed to satisfy the needs of industry and academia. The research work conducted by graduate students in Physics (and Engineering Physics) frequently translates into new discoveries and innovations that have direct impact in society (e.g. Proton Cancer Therapy). Some of the major and largest scientific experiments in the world today are physics-centered (e.g. Large Hadron Collider-LHC) that generate employment and business opportunities for thousands of scientists, academic research groups and companies from around the world. New superconducting magnets and advanced materials that have resulted from previous research in physics are commonly used in these extreme experiments. But not all physicists will end up working at these large high-energy physics experiments, universities or National Laboratories (e.g. Fermilab); industry requires new generations of (industrial) physicists in such sectors as semiconductor, energy, space, life sciences, defense and advanced manufacturing. This work presents an industry perspective about the role of Physics in economic development and the need for a collaborative Academic-Industry approach for a more effective translational research. A series of examples will be presented with emphasis in the measurement, control, diagnostics and computing capabilities needed to translate the science (physics) into innovations and practical solutions that can benefit society as a whole.

  3. Sector development: the state and dynamics of the vector (for example, the industrial sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klimuk Vladimir

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The article indicates the problem of incompatibility of nominal and real indexes of industries development. Calculations of derived indicators are presented and the correlation of the dynamics, the country comparison of industry development is performed. The factors of influence on the level of the dynamic development of the industry are distinguished. The conclusions regarding the recommendations to improve the effectiveness of management of industrial business entities are made.

  4. Research on the development for emerging industries in Nantong under the national strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Zhongnian; Qin, Yan; Zhang, Lijuan; Li, Tianying; Wang, Qing

    2017-08-01

    In this paper, according to the relevant national strategic emerging industry planning and policy, conducted in-depth research on the development of emerging industries in Nantong, and believes that current economic social development in Nantong has been entered into a new normal period, in the new period to “innovation” as the core characteristics, strategic emerging industry opportunities and challenges facing the industry. Therefore, Nantong should persist in innovation driven, focus on the cultivation and development of new industries, to provide new impetus to Nantong’s economic vitality and development. According to the development and upgrading of traditional industries, and expand the advantages of industry, cultivate new industries, for each kind of industry to come up with specific development strategies and suggestions: Nantong municipal government will be the seven emerging industries four in the industry (i.e., new material industry, new energy industry, new information technology industry, high-end equipment manufacturing industry) as the development object, further “bigger and stronger”, and strive to enhance the industrial scale and the formation of local characteristics as soon as possible.

  5. The Development of Financial and Industrial Groups in the National Economy

    OpenAIRE

    Chelombitko Tatiana V.

    2012-01-01

    In the article the historical development of the first big integrated industrial and financial capitals was analyzed. The definition, the organizational structure of financial and industrial groups and the features of banking and industrial capitals integration in Ukraine were defined. The present state and foundation trends of financial and industrial groups were analyzed. The key problems of development, also the level of financial and industrial groups influence on the national economy and...

  6. LIMITING FACTORS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE SERBIAN HOSPITALITY INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikolina Kosar

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Heterogeneity and complexity determine multidisciplinary approach to the hospitality research. Identification and analysis of limited hospitality development factors imply very complex scientific approach. Case study methodology is applied on Republic of Serbia, which is transition country and candidate for EU accession. Research results identified key factors which had impact on lag, stagnation and contemporary level of hospitality development. Firstly, way of executed privatization process of hospitality companies in Serbia i.e. only ownership transformation, as part of business transformation, was done (organizational, management, technological, financial and human resources parts of business transformation didn’t implement. Secondly, non-acceptable terms and conditions of credit lines for financing privatization and future business of privatized hospitality companies. Furthermore, buyers of privatized hospitality companies didn’t prepared adequate projections of cash flow and sources of financing (owned and borrowed. Finally, technological development and human resources were result of the first mentioned limited factor. In order to improve business in hospitality industry in transition economies, all stakeholders should be involved. State should improve business environment. Educational institutions should create applicable programs on market. Investors should be ready to invest in technological and human resource development. Banks should implement the best financing practice from headquarters in EU.

  7. Toward sustainability: Development of the Ningxia wine industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hao Linhai

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Ningxia government's key responsibilities for the grape and wine sector are sustainable economic development and natural resource management. While emerging as an industry leader in China, Ningxia has experienced many challenges, the major ones are increasing labor costs and seasonal worker shortages, production cost control, and a market dominated by domestic giants and increased imports. Ningxia government made policies to encourage the development of boutique wineries, high quality wines and wine tourism. On natural resource protection, a strict annual irrigation quota has led to the quick adoption of drip irrigation. New vineyards have been designed with a focus on mechanization. Fertilization program will be fine-tuned using the analysis of the soil and the mineral elements in leaves. Various personnel training programs have been organized every year. In summary, the potential of Ningxia wine region has already been proven, and Ningxia government will continually provide its support for the sustainable grape and wine development of the region.

  8. The Holyoke Industrial Energy Conservation And Development Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaufler, Edward R.; Bateman, Robert H.; Connor, Frederick J.

    1982-03-01

    An innovative approach to the development of a model system for comprehensive industrial sector thermographic investigations and inspections will be taken during the winter of 1981-82 in Holyoke, MA. Infrared thermography techniques will be utilized for cost effective identification of building and process heat losses. The Holyoke program provides for a wide range of energy conservation services and will result in the implementation of no-cost, low-cost, and cost-effective capital intensive measures financed through a cooperative effort of government and private funding.

  9. 76 FR 52958 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Neglected Tropical Diseases of the Developing World: Developing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-24

    ...The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing the availability of a draft guidance for industry entitled ``Neglected Tropical Diseases of the Developing World: Developing Drugs for Treatment or Prevention.'' The purpose of this guidance is to assist sponsors in the clinical development of drugs for the treatment or prevention of neglected diseases of the developing world. Specifically,......

  10. Development of Industry-Wide IS Integration Model in the Agri-Industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hedman, Jonas; Henningsson, Stefan

    2013-01-01

    his paper presents a model explaining industrywide information systems (IS) integration in the agri-industry.Using a theoretical frame of value confi guration analysis and IS integration extent we study 15 organizations. We find that product sensitivity, continuous production, value chain captains......, and value creation logic explain the industry-wide IS integration. Incompatible value creation logic among stakeholders and the lack of presence of “value chain captains” – powerful actors dominating the entire industry - has and negative impact on industry-wide integration. On the other hand, product...... sensitivity and continuous production process led to higher levels of integration....

  11. Development of a process control sensor for the glass industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gardner, M.; Candee, A.; Kramlich, J.; Koppang, R.

    1991-05-01

    This project was initiated to fill a need in the glass industry for a non-contact temperature sensor for glass melts. At present, the glass forming industry (e.g., bottle manufacture) consumes significant amounts of energy. Careful control of temperature at the point the bottle is molded is necessary to prevent the bottle from being rejected as out-of-specification. In general, the entire glass melting and conditioning process is designed to minimize this rejection rate, maximize throughput and thus control energy and production costs. This program focuses on the design, development and testing of an advanced optically based pyrometer for glass melts. The pyrometer operates simultaneously at four wavelengths; through analytical treatment of the signals, internal temperature profiles within the glass melt can be resolved. A novel multiplexer alloys optical signals from a large number of fiber-optic sensors to be collected and resolved by a single detector at a location remote from the process. This results in a significant cost savings on a per measurement point basis. The development program is divided into two phases. Phase 1 involves the construction of a breadboard version on the instrument and its testing on a pilot-scale furnace. In Phase 2, a prototype analyzer will be constructed and tested on a commercial forehearth. This report covers the Phase 1 activities.

  12. Controversies, development and trends of biofuel industry in the world

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    WenJun Zhang

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Controversies, development and trends of biofuel industry in the world were discussed in present article. First-generation biofuels, i.e., grain and land based biofuels, occupied large areas of arable lands and severely constrained food supplies, are widely disputed. They have been replaced by second-generation biofuels. The raw materials of the second-generation biofuels include plants, straw, grass and other crops and forest residues. However, the cost for production of the second-generation biofuels is higher. Therefore the development of the third-generation biofuels is undergoing. The third-generation technologies use, mainly algae, as raw material to produce bioethanol, biobutanol, biodiesel and hydrogen, and use discarded fruits to produce dimethylfuran, etc. Different countries and regions are experiencing different stages of biofuel industry. In the future the raw materials for biofuel production will be focused on various by-products, wastes, and organisms that have not direct economic benefit for human. Production technologies should be improved or invented to reduce carbon emission and environmental pollution during biofuel production and to reduce production cost.

  13. growth pattern and the industrial development of the lagos region, nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dickson Dare Ajayi

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the nature, growth and spatial pattern of industries within the Lagos Region. Industrial activities in this region grew progressively over the year from mere brickwork, palm oil mills, printing press, soap factory, and metal container factory to capital intensive manufacturing. Indeed, the number of industrial establishments increased from 122 in 1962 to 637 in 1993. Lagos developed into Nigeria's leading industrial center; especially following the expansion in its service and administrative sectors. Whereas, chemicals and pharmaceutical; and basic metal, iron and steel and fabricated metal products industry groups dominate in industrial scene, wood and wood products (including furniture; and non-metallic mineral products are rare. The spatial pattern shows that industrial establishments vary amongst the industrial estates/areas, and also among the industry groups. Ikeja/Ogballsheri industrial estate/area dominates the industrial scene.

  14. THE TOTAL SOLUTION FOR DEVELOPING NEW PRODUCTS OF FOOTWEAR INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DRIŞCU Mariana

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents new solutions for shoemakers, for developing new products and new markets of footwear industry using the basic function of the system CRISPIN Dynamics CAD SUITE. These are the key issues - this is why CRISPIN Dynamics CAD SUITE has developed a range of quality software products to give the shoemaker a major advantage in shoe-making. This application offer functions for creating realistic looking designs of footwear products and for flattening the styles for development in 2D. There are also facilities to re-centre front and back guide lines, change foot (no need to re-digitize and set the correct heel height and roll. It is also possible to create guidelines to match with the last and extend the last for a boot design. The last type can also be changed to a type that allows the entire last surface to be used for a design. The system brings cutting-edge CAD/CAM technology to footwear designers providing benefits through all stages of their product development process. Major benefits include the ability to visualize a design for appraisal and the transfer of the design into CRISPIN 2D pattern development products. This allows increased productivity, shorter lead times, accurate interpretation of 3D designs in 2D and a reduction in the number of samples needed before approval of the design.

  15. Screening of Industrial Development Policies, Plans and Programs of Strategic Environmental Assessment in the Industrial Sector of Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Nouri

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The present investigation deals with the quality of capacity building and institutional strengthening of Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA in the industrial sector as well as determining the environmental strategies for industrial sustainable development in Iran. The leading aim of this paper has been to systematize the environmental considerations in industrial development strategies, policies, plans and programs in the highest strategic decision making processes and to ensure environmental considerations and alternatives together with other economic and social considerations in the procedures, before the research processes. In order to analysis of Iran,s industrial development strategies, a matrix method was used as one of the most practical techniques of strategic programing as; SWOT (strenghts, weaknesses, opportunities and threats. Eventually the result of SWOT analysis in the form of a cell 29*12 matrix, has been an indicative of the degree of need toward performing SEA in conection with the kinds of the country,s industrial strategies in a categorizing priorities system. As among all the industrial strategic policies, have been screened and evaluated 8 strategies in the first priority and 4 strategies in the second priority.The industrial strategies with the first priority require; the emphasis on new industries, supporting and encouraging of the exports, privatization, competative industrial growth, commercial discharging, attracting the foreign direct investments, developing energy oriented industries and priorities of industrial fields strategies.Industrial strategies also require SEA in the second priority including: supporting the small and medium industries,considering the indexes of industrial potentiality measurement,following demands for establishing industrial workshops from spatial development system and developing legal, institutional and physical structures strategies.The basis of the results of this study is achieving

  16. A Research on Development of Construction Industrialization Based on BIM Technology under the Background of Industry 4.0

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Junjie

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available “Industry 4.0” and “Made in China 2025”, the future strategic plans of the manufacturing industry in Germany and China, are being noted and studied all over the world. In this wave, information and industrialization of production are Construction industry development direction in the future. Based on the introduction of the strategic objectives of “Made in china 2025”, a new production pattern of construction industrialization, which is based on BIM technology, are put forward in this paper. Comparative analysis is used in the study of mechanism and development path of the production pattern. The dilemma of construction industrialization confronted at present is illustrated in this paper. Based on the background of implementation of “Made in China 2025”, the countermeasures and suggestions of the new production pattern have been proposed.

  17. Strategies for the development of CBM gas industry in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fuyuan Mu

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Since the environment for the CBM development in China has been changing in recent years, it is necessary to re-consider the relevant strategies. Through investigations, surveys, geologic assessment, strategic decision-making and other techniques, the strategies for CBM development in China were discussed in respect to present situations, opportunities, challenges, proved reserves, producing reserves, strategic principles, strategic countermeasures, time-spatial allocation of strategies, risk assessments, and elimination of relevant risks. Some research results were obtained. Firstly, still in its initial development stage with fast growth, the CBM industry in China has made outstanding achievements in six aspects and also faces challenges in six aspects. Secondly, strategic focus can be summarized as constructing six CBM production bases in Qinshui, Eastern margin of Ordos Basin, Southwest China, Changqing, Northwest China, and Northeast China, respectively, according to the principles of “steadily developing middle-high rank coals, accelerating the development of low-rank coals and strengthening the comprehensive utilization of mining gas wells”. It is expected that the producing reserves and peak-production rate will be 3–4 trillion m3 and 35–45 billion m3/a, respectively. Thirdly, major strategic risks in CBM development in China include low productivities of individual wells, improper understandings of geologic conditions, decline in investments and lack of technical reserves. To eliminate these risks, it is necessary to reinforce work in the following five aspects, namely, strengthening comprehensive exploration and development of coal-bearing formations, creating favorable environments for the development of private oil companies, expanding spaces for the growth of technical service companies, conducting more researches for the development of innovative technologies in more areas and intensifying law enforcement.

  18. Research and Development Strategies in the Semiconductor Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowling, Allen

    2003-03-01

    In the 21st Century semiconductor industry, there is a critical balance between internally funded semiconductor research and development (R) and externally funded R. External R may include jointly-funded research collaborations/partnerships with other device manufacturers, jointly-funded consortia-based R, and individually-funded research programs at universities and other contract research locations. Each of these approaches has merits and each has costs. There is a critical balance between keeping the internal research and development pipeline filled and keeping it from being overspent. To meet both competitive schedule and cost goals, a semiconductor device manufacturer must decide on a model for selection of internal versus external R. Today, one of the most critical decisions is whether or not to do semiconductor research and development on 300 mm silicon wafers. Equipment suppliers are doing first development on 300 mm equipment. So, for the device manufacturer, there is a balance between the cost of doing development on 300 mm wafers and the development time schedule driven by equipment availability. In the face of these cost and schedule elements, device manufacturers are looking to consortia such as SEMATECH, SRC, and SRC MARCO for early development and screening of new materials and device structure approaches. This also causes much more close development collaboration between device manufacturer and equipment supplier. Many device manufacturers are also making use of direct contract research with universities and other contract-research organizations, such as IMEC, LETI, and other government-funded research organizations around the world. To get the most out of these external research interactions, the company must develop a strategy for management and technology integration of external R.

  19. Trends in Food Research and Development: A Survey of the Commercial Food Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-09-01

    industry need to be identified. This report documents a mail survey on food research and development in the commercial food industry . The data...conclusions: (1) food industry research and development budgets are increasing; (2) new product development and new process development remain the thrust...behind research and development in the food industry ; (3) plastic packaging and aseptic packaging of particulates will play major roles in the food

  20. DEVELOPMENT OF LOYALTY PROGRAMMES IN THE HOTEL INDUSTRY

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Marina Laskarin

    2013-01-01

    .... This paper will look at the basic tenets of loyalty programs in the hotel industry, the methods of keeping records about guests, and the necessity of creating, structuring and managing guest database...

  1. DEVELOPMENT OF TECHNOLOGICAL SOLUTIONS FOR THE BEVERAGE INDUSTRY PREVENTIVE ORIENTATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. V. Nepovinnykh

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Summary. Market demand for foods with low fat content has been expanding, but for low-fat foods good organoleptic properties need new food ingredients and solutions. Food hydrocolloids, polysaccharides and milk proteins, now are widely used in various industries, including the dairy industry, performing various functions: to thicken aqueous solutions, foaming and stabilizing foams and others. We studied the functional and technological properties and developed technology of new types of oxygencontaining beverages (smoothies on the basis of cheese whey, natural fruit and berry juices and purees and dietary fibres «Citri-Fi», including non-starch polysaccharides (guar gum and xanthan gum, contributing to the formation of a specific texture and drink as stabilizers oxygen foam. When creating new kinds of smoothies performed construction flavored beverage profile, the definition of rational parameters of preparation and entering dietary fibres; selection of the optimal concentration of dietary fiber for the formation of the desired consistency (texture drink; study of quality and safety of new types of drinks and justification expiration dates. Based on the studies found that the use as stabilizers structure oxygen smoothie dietary fibres «Citri-Fi» in concentrations of 0.8 – 1 % and non-starch polysaccharides at concentrations of 0.1 - 0.3 % contributes to the production of foams drinks with a sufficiently high magnification. Increasing the dose of dietary fibres in making smoothies viscosity increases and weighting system, drink bad whipped, there is separation of the product into phases, the system becomes thermodynamically unstable. Production technology and recipes for new types of smoothies with dietary fibres. Preventive orientation developed oxygenated drinks allows to include them in the diet of patients with chronic heart failure, which is confirmed by appropriate investigations.

  2. Industrial Countermeasures for Economic Development in the Central Region in Post-financial-crisis Era

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    From adjusting industrial structure,strengthening industrial guidance and promoting industrial cluster,this paper puts forward the industrial countermeasures for regional economic development in Central China in post-financial-crisis era as follows.In terms of industrial structure adjustment,we should optimize the structure of agricultural production,and form agricultural industrialization operation;propel upgrading of industrial structure,and promote the concentration of industry;improve the development of service industry,and meet the diversified needs of consumers.In terms of industrial guidance,we should give priority to the development of leading industries,and foster leading enterprises;develop hi-tech industry rapidly,and cultivate new industrialization technology base in the central region.In terms of industrial cluster,we should strengthen government guidance,and create good policy environment for the development of industrial cluster;foster core enterprises,and promote spontaneous establishment of trade association or chamber of commerce;establish hi-tech industrial cluster,and further improve the cooperative mechanism of "production,teaching and research".

  3. Auction development for the price-based electric power industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dekrajangpetch, Somgiat

    The restructuring of the electric power industry is to move away from the cost-based monopolistic environment of the past to the priced-based competitive environment. As the electric power industry is restructuring in many places, there are still many problems that need to be solved. The work in this dissertation contributes to solve some of the electric power auction problems. The majority of this work is aimed to help develop good markets. A LaGrangian relaxation (LR) Centralized Daily Commitment Auction (CDCA) has been implemented. It has been shown that the solution might not be optimal nor fair to some generation companies (GENCOs) when identical or similar generating units participate in a LR CDCA based auction. Supporting information for bidding strategies on how to change unit data to enhance the chances of bid acceptance has been developed. The majority of this work is based on Single Period Commodity Auction (SPCA). Alternative structures for the SPCA are outlined. Whether the optimal solution is degenerated is investigated. Good pricing criteria are summarized and the pricing method following good pricing criteria is developed. Electricity is generally considered as a homogeneous product. When availability level is used as additional characteristic to distinct electricity, electricity can be considered a heterogeneous product. The procedure to trade electricity as a heterogeneous product is developed. The SPCA is formulated as a linear program. The basic IPLP algorithm has been extended so that sensitivity analysis can be performed as in the simplex method. Sensitivity analysis is used to determine market reach. Additionally, sensitivity analysis is used in combination with the investigation of historical auction results to provide raw data for power system expansion. Market power is a critical issue in electric power deregulation. Firms with market power have an advantage over other competitor firms in terms of market reach. Various approaches to

  4. Taurine and fish development: insights for the aquaculture industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinto, Wilson; Rønnestad, Ivar; Dinis, Maria Teresa; Aragão, Cláudia

    2013-01-01

    Expansion of the aquaculture industry is limited by incomplete knowledge on fish larval nutritional requirements. Nevertheless, it is believed that dietary taurine deficiencies may be particularly critical for fish larvae. The reasons include the high taurine levels found during egg and yolk-sac stages of fish, suggesting that taurine may be of pivotal importance for larval development. Moreover, unlike aquaculture feeds, natural preys of fish larvae contain high taurine levels, and dietary taurine supplementation has been shown to increase larval growth in several fish species. This study aimed to further explore the physiological role of taurine during fish development. Firstly, the effect of dietary taurine supplementation was assessed on growth of gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata) larvae and growth, metamorphosis success and amino acid metabolism of Senegalese sole (Solea senegalensis) larvae. Secondly, the expression of taurine transporter (TauT) was characterised by qPCR in sole larvae and juveniles. Results showed that dietary taurine supplementation did not increase sea bream growth. However, dietary taurine supplementation significantly increased sole larval growth, metamorphosis success and amino acid retention. Metamorphosis was also shown to be an important developmental trigger to promote taurine transport in sole tissues, while evidence for an enterohepatic recycling pathway for taurine was found in sole at least from juvenile stage. Taken together, our studies showed that the dependence of dietary taurine supplementation differs among fish species and that taurine has a vital role during the ontogenetic development of flatfish, an extremely valuable group targeted for aquaculture production.

  5. The role brand equity on developing tourism industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Behnam Ghorbanifard

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available During the past few years, there have been growing interests in developing tourism industry in developing tourism economy. This paper presents an empirical investigation to study the effects of different factors including brand awareness, quality perception, brand associate and brand loyalty on developing tourism economy. The proposed study was accomplished in city of Karaj located in province of Alborz, Iran. The study designed a questionnaire consist of 27 questions designed in Likert scale and distributed it among 400 randomly selected people who visited this city during the year of 2012. Using Spearman correlation, they study confirmed that there were some positive relationship between brand awareness and tourism economy (r=0.434, Sig.=0.02, a positive relationship between quality perception and tourism economy (r=0.198, Sig.=0.008, a positive relationship between brand associate and tourism economy (r=0.261, Sig.=0.000 and finally there was a positive and relationship between brand loyalty and tourism economy (r = 0.302, Sig. = 0.05. In addition, the implementation of stepwise regression model has indicated that brand awareness played essential role on tourism economy followed by brand loyalty and quality perception.

  6. China's Tire Industry Develops Rapidly

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ With strenuous efforts over many years,the tire industry in China has developed rapidly. Both the output and the exported quantity of tires already hold the leading position in the world. China has quickly become a major player in the international tire industry and is making significant impacts.

  7. Development Strategies for the Consulting Industry in China%中国咨询业的发展战略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汤珊红; 廉志斌

    2003-01-01

    The upgrading of industries and the development of knowledge economy depend on an industry-con-sulting industry in a large part. Consulting industry is an important industry in the 21st century. This article mainly dis-cusses the development history of the consulting industry in China and analyzes the difference of consulting industries be-tween China and developed countries. Finally, it brings forward some countermeasures for the development of the consult-ing industry in China.

  8. Rural development policy and food industry development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Baker, Derek; Abildtrup, Jens; Hedetoft, Anders

    2007-01-01

    Food industry firms in remote areas face a set of constraints, which have motivated the form and function of assistance instruments under various regional and rural development programmes. Recent food industry developments present new challenges to these firms, for which available assistance may...... be less appropriate. This paper employs telephone interviews and workshop discussions with firms in isolated locations to investigate their satisfaction with assistance programmes, their ability to innovate (through product introductions) and respond to challenges in the food industry (the emergence...

  9. Formulating Assessment Indices and Strategies for the Transition to Local Industrial Development in Taoyuan City, Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yung-Cheng Pan

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Local industries are crucial for enhancing urban competitiveness and are closely related to national economic performance. To sustainably develop local industries, a set of assessment indices should be formulated in addition to factors such as geographical environments, cultural history, development processes, and industrial structures for governments to promote development policies while satisfying the goal of sustainable industrial development. This study first adopted the fuzzy Delphi method to construct the indices for assessing local industrial development, referred to the action plans for the six key industries formulated by the Executive Yuan of Taiwan, and subsequently integrated the analytic hierarchy process and analytic network process to determine the order of priority for policies facilitating local industrial development for future reference. The results indicated that infrastructure, innovative research and development, and government policies are crucial bases for local industrial development. Furthermore, this study adopted Taoyuan to verify these indices and compiled expert suggestions to indicate that the government should prioritize the development of the biotechnology, green energy, and medical care industries. When developing local industries in the future, a set of assessment standards and policy analyses should be established for the government to enhance local industrial development and thus increase international competitive advantages by fully ascertaining the factors for industrial success and the characteristics of local advantages.

  10. DEVELOPMENT TREND OF ETHYLENE INDUSTRY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Song Ting

    2014-01-01

    The growth of world ethylene production and demand has been slowed down, but accelarated growth after 2015 is forecasted. Shale gas revolution has promoted the resurge of ethylene industry in North America and changed the investment pattern of world ethylene industry.Chinese ethylene industry has developed rapidly, facing not only opportunities for development but also outside pressure.The diversified pattern of Chinese ethylene industry has been formed , in which MTO has become an effective complement to the ethylene industry.While cracking raw material has become lighter and lighter worldwide, naphtha still dominates the ethylene raw material in China, leading to high cost of raw material.Aiming to reduce the cost and improve the competitiveness, this article introduces the progress of steam cracking technology for ethylene production from the aspects of low energy consumption , low cost, large capacity and long-term operation.

  11. The Development of Marine Industry in China:Quantitative Analysis and Evaluation of Differences in Regional Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sheng; XU; Yuping; GUO; Yanxiang; ZHAO

    2013-01-01

    This article is based on the imbalance state of China’s marine industries,focuses on how to evaluate and calculate marine industries’development level,and to enhance the comprehensive competitiveness.Based on the present situation of China’s marine industries,we construct the marine industries development index system and then measure the developing level of main marine industries,use detailed data and table to show the difference of marine pillar industries.After comprehensive evaluation and comparative analysis,we give some suggestions to enhance China’s marine industrial competitiveness.

  12. Evaluation of the Policy of the Creative Industry for Urban Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu-Yun Liu

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Culture, an intellectual capital of a city, is accumulated through the intellect and wisdom of the government, citizens, businesses and other organizations. Cities regardless of their size are seeking their own distinguishing features and positions. By combining culture and creativity to improve international visibility, cities can develop new potentials, create job opportunities and boost economic growth. Therefore, cultural and creative industries have become the core industries that cities worldwide actively seek to develop; furthermore, various city governments have unanimously agreed that the creative industry will effectively improve urban economic competitiveness. This study investigated how the creative industry improved urban competitiveness, developed relevant assessment indexes and formulated policies for developing the creative industry. First, the fuzzy Delphi method was adopted to determine the indexes for assessing the creative industry’s positive influence on urban competitiveness. Subsequently, the analytic hierarchy process and the analytic network process were integrated to establish a model for assessing city-based creative industry development policies. City governments seeking to promote such policies can refer to this model. Finally, an importance-performance analysis was performed to investigate the satisfaction for policies related to creative industries, providing a reference for governments to promote pertinent policies. The results of this study indicated that the indexes of innovation capability, industrial cooperation, innovation incubation and industry-government-academia integration are crucial bases for cities to develop the creative industry. In addition, the policies of industrial R&D and clustering, talent training and industrial consulting and expanding industrial and marketing channels and networks can be adopted to enhance creative industry development.

  13. Challenges in sensor development for the electric utility industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ward, Barry H.

    1999-01-01

    The electric utility industry is reducing operating costs in order to prepare for deregulation. The reduction in operating cost has meant a reduction in manpower. The ability to utilize remaining maintenance staff more effectively and to stay competitive in a deregulated environment has therefore become critical. In recent years, the industry has moved away from routine or periodic maintenance to predictive or condition based maintenance. This requires the assessment of equipment condition by frequent testing and inspection; a requirement that is incompatible with cost reduction. To overcome this dilemma, industry trends are toward condition monitoring, whereby the health of apparatus is monitored continuously. This requires the installation of sensors hr transducers on power equipment and the data taken forwarded to an intelligent device for further processing. These devices then analyze the data and make evaluations based on parameter levels or trends, in an attempt to predict possible deterioration. This continuous monitoring allows the electric utility to schedule maintenance on an as needed basis. The industry has been faced with many challenges in sensor design. The measurement of physical, chemical and electrical parameters under extreme conditions of electric fields, magnetic fields, temperature, corrosion, etc. is extensive. This paper will give an overview of these challenges and the solutions adopted for apparatus such as power transformers, circuit breakers, boilers, cables, batteries, and rotating machinery.

  14. Developing Financial Industry Must Depend on Support of the Capital Market

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zheng Xinlin

    2007-01-01

    @@ The first issue-the importance and urgency of developing financial industry at present. Through 28 years of reform and opening up, China's industrial capital and economy aggregate have stood in the front row, ranking the fourth in the world. In comparison with industry, financial capital is much less developed. It might even be said that the country is a giant in industry and a dwarf in financial capital.

  15. THE DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES OF CASHEW INDUSTRY IN KENDARI CITY, SOUTHEAST SULAWESI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asriani Asriani

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The economic development of a region should refer to the agroindustry approach. An industry is not well developed due to the constraints of internal and external factors. This research aimed to identify the internal and external factors which could affect the development of cashew industry and determine the most effective alternative strategies applied in developing the cashew industry in Kendari Southeast Sulawesi Province. The data analysis technique used  Strength, Weakness, Opportuny and Threat (SWOT methods. The results showed that the internal factors that most influenced the development of the cashew industry were availability of adequate labor and limited capital investment funds while the external factors that influence the development included the government support and limited access to markets. The alternative strategies of the cashew industry development in Kendari Southeast Sulawesi Province  include improving the marketing, maintaining the product quality and increasing the working capital.Keyword: development, strategy, cashew industry, SWOT

  16. Innovative Development In Pharmaceutical Industry Of The Russian Federation In The Context Of Globalization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia Klunko

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The current development stage of globalization process and market reforms in the industrial sector of the national economy requires from scientists and practitioners to design qualitatively new approaches to formation of the strategic development in different economy branches for geopolitical evaluation of threats and challenges. Technological backwardness in Russia increases comparing to developed countries. The poor participation of Russia in international scientific and technical exchange is explained by inconsistent government policy on development and use of intellectual potential, modernization and improvement of manufacturing industry competitiveness, promotion of high-tech products at foreign markets. Reported problems are observed in the pharmaceutical industry, industrial-technological system, which is now almost destroyed, leading to a critical level of dependence on drug imports. However, the pharmaceutical industry as one of the most high technology industries can lead to innovation development in Russia.

  17. On the Origin and Development of the Medical Nutrition Industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T.C. Weenen (Tamar)

    2014-01-01

    markdownabstract__Abstract__ Product development in the health and life sciences is shifting from the development of target-specific pharmaceutical products to multi-target therapies, including medical nutrition. Medical nutrition consists of nutritional compositions, prescribed by medical professi

  18. sustainable development and profitability in the Finnish restaurant industry

    OpenAIRE

    Mulenga, Mpafya

    2015-01-01

    Environmental sustainability in the food industry is often concerned with the provision of organic products and recycling. The emphasis on organically produced supplies though viewed as an environmentally sustainable means of food production to meet the ends of the green revolution should not obscure consideration of profitability in the business. Making profit is a business goal, while environmental sustainability is an ethical issue whose practice is subject to the balancing act of being pr...

  19. The analysis on Development of modern service industry and personnel needs in Suzhou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冀红斌

    2015-01-01

    As a modern service industry with advanced technological capabilities to enhance the guidance of the industry, its strong development capacity, the majority of prospects, has become a focal point of our economy and raise the level of new momentum.Especially in Suzhou, favorable geographical location and advanced development conditions for the planning and development of modern service industry provides a reasonable market background and ability to support the development of the firm.

  20. Study on the problems and development strategies of Chongqing city status, pig breeding industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹建

    2014-01-01

    Chongqing is in the key period to create a resource-saving, pig as environmental friendly "Chongqing national modern animal husbandry demonstration zone", the development of pig health culture, science and technology supporting aquaculture benefits, promote the transformation, ensure the pig breeding industry as strategic industry development. This paper introduces the breeding of Chongqing city and current situation, existing problems and development trend of pig, the sustainable development suggestions were put forward for the pig breeding industry.

  1. The evolution and consolidation of the timeshare industry in a developing economy: The South African experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wayde R. Pandy

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The timeshare industry is one of most under-researched aspects of tourism accommodation. Within existing scholarship most writings pertain to industry development and challenges in the USA and Europe. This paper provides an examination of the evolution and consolidation of the timeshare industry in South Africa from the 1980s to the present-day. The South African timeshare industry is revealed as one of the most mature in the international timeshare economy. Historically, the industry confronted parallel challenges to those in developed countries in respect of adapting the product to local conditions and confronting a tarnished image from the impact of unscrupulous developers. Currently the South African timeshare sector faces different challenges including service management and consumer dissatisfaction, marginalization within the tourism economy, and the need to address the emerging Black middle class market.

  2. Promote scientifically the healthy and sustainable development of China's shipbuilding industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Rongsheng

    2005-01-01

    @@ Recent changes in China's shipbuilding industry Since the end of 2001, with the increasing demand of the world ship market, the government's increasing support to the development of the shipbuilding industry and thanks to the various advantageous factors,China's shipbuilding industry has made great progress.

  3. Di, alogue wtth Industrial Leaders -- Towards the industrial development trend in 2012

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    By Wang Ting On January lOth, 2012, "China Textile Round Table Forum 2012", hosted by China Textile Economy Research Centre and China National Textile and Apparel Council (CNTAC) News Center, sponsored by Oerlikon Textile, Chinatex Corporation and Beijing Jingmian Group, was held in the city of Beijing, with the theme of "Economic Forecast for Chinese Textile Industry in 2012"

  4. Studies on the Development of Walnut Industry in Shangluo City Based on SWOT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yan; ZHANG; Xikun; HONG

    2014-01-01

    The walnut industry in Shangluo City is evaluated based on SWOT. The internal advantage,disadvantage,external opportunities and threats to the walnut industry are found out. In the end,suggestions towards the development of walnut industry in Shangluo City are put forward.

  5. New Zealand's drug development industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lockhart, Michelle Marie; Babar, Zaheer-Ud-Din; Carswell, Christopher; Garg, Sanjay

    2013-09-13

    The pharmaceutical industry's profitability depends on identifying and successfully developing new drug candidates while trying to contain the increasing costs of drug development. It is actively searching for new sources of innovative compounds and for mechanisms to reduce the enormous costs of developing new drug candidates. There is an opportunity for academia to further develop as a source of drug discovery. The rising levels of industry outsourcing also provide prospects for organisations that can reduce the costs of drug development. We explored the potential returns to New Zealand (NZ) from its drug discovery expertise by assuming a drug development candidate is out-licensed without clinical data and has anticipated peak global sales of $350 million. We also estimated the revenue from NZ's clinical research industry based on a standard per participant payment to study sites and the number of industry-sponsored clinical trials approved each year. Our analyses found that NZ's clinical research industry has generated increasing foreign revenue and appropriate policy support could ensure that this continues to grow. In addition the probability-based revenue from the out-licensing of a drug development candidate could be important for NZ if provided with appropriate policy and financial support.

  6. The Status Quo of Industrial Development of Cold Water Fishes in Henan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    This article first analyzes the status quo of industrial development of cold water fishes in Henan Province. And then it points out the main problems in the process of cold water fish industrialization as follows: the parent fish rearing of cold water fishes and the supply of roe and fry are inadequate; the demand for feed nutrition,research and development of disease prevention and control technology lag behind. In order to provide scientific basis for promoting the industrial independent innovation and international competitiveness,finally the following ideas and recommendations for industrial development of cold water fishes are put forward: strengthening policy support for the enterprises,and striving to create the leading enterprises,to achieve dramatic development; implementing the strategy of developing fishery by relying on science and technology,promoting the industrial independent innovation and competitiveness; creating specialized cooperative organizations,actively improving the supporting system,and expanding the space for development of the industry.

  7. China's Developing Dietary Supplement Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jeff Crowther

    2011-01-01

    @@ With the increasingly large size and forward momentum of China's economy, one would think there has to be a well-developed dietary supplement industry.However, although China has been posting re-cord gains to its GDP, it is far behind the U.S., E.U.and Japan in regard to a well-defined and prosperous dietary supplement industry.With that said, having an established dietary supple-ment industry is not the measure by which countries are judged in terms of economic prowess.

  8. Development of A Flexible System for the Simultaneous Conversion of Biomass to Industrial Chemicals and the Production of Industrial Biocatalysts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gao, Johnway; Hooker, Brian S.; Skeen, R S.; Anderson, D B.; Lankey, R. L.; Anastas, P. T.

    2002-01-01

    A flexible system was developed for the simultaneous conversion of biomass to industrial chemicals and the production of industrial biocatalysts. In particular, the expression of a bacterial enzyme, beta-glucuronidase (GUS), was investigated using a genetically modified starch-degrading Saccharomyces strain in suspension cultures in starch media. Different sources of starch including corn and waste potato starch were used for yeast biomass accumulation and GUS expression studies under controls of inducible and constitutive promoters. A thermostable bacterial cellulase, Acidothermus cellulolyticus E1 endoglucanase gene was also cloned into an episomal plasmid expression vector and expressed in the starch-degrading Saccharomyces strain.

  9. LIMITING FACTORS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE SERBIAN HOSPITALITY INDUSTRY

    OpenAIRE

    Nikolina Kosar; Sasa Masic; Lidija Barjaktarovic; Mihaela Lazovic

    2016-01-01

    Heterogeneity and complexity determine multidisciplinary approach to the hospitality research. Identification and analysis of limited hospitality development factors imply very complex scientific approach. Case study methodology is applied on Republic of Serbia, which is transition country and candidate for EU accession. Research results identified key factors which had impact on lag, stagnation and contemporary level of hospitality development. Firstly, way of executed privatizat...

  10. Trends and Prospects of the Textile Industry Development in the Depressed Region (Ivanovo Region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nataliya Vladimirovna Yakovenko

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Socio-economic development of the Russian economy at the present stage is uneven and depends on many factors that determine the potential for the development of regions, and in particular, the depressed regions such as the Ivanovo region. Nowadays exploitation of extractive industries capacities should be transformed into a strategy of economic growth in manufacturing industries. The article deals with the current trends in industrial development of depressed region, due to the structural changes in city-forming industry - textile industry. They are linked to the colossal raw dependence, physical and technological obsolescence of equipment, lack of competitiveness of domestic enterprises, the strong growth of dependence on imports of raw materials and finished products, the actual lack of export activity, insufficient development of civilized trade formats, abundance of forms of unfair competition. The purpose of the research is a retrospective analysis of the textile industry development in the Ivanovo region and the search for ways to overcome the adverse inertial processes at the present stage. The object of the research is the textile industry in the Ivanovo region. The subject of the research is scientific and methodological issues related to the diversification and the need to improve the sustainability of the enterprises of this economic sector. Strengthening the positions of the textile industry in accordance with the dynamics of economic development of Russia is expressed now in the directions of diversification of the textile industry. The formation of textile industrial cluster in the Ivanovo region is a mechanism for increase in use efficiency of industrial, scientific, educational potentials and one of the priorities of increasing the competitiveness of the regional economy.

  11. Global climate change policy issues related to the movement of industry from developed to rapidly industrializing countries

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lesperance, A.M.; Waltemath, L.A.

    1990-10-01

    Global climate change policies adopted by developed countries may encourage industries to move to countries with less restrictive policies. The purpose of this study is to identify policy-driven issues that may result in such a movement. This report (1) summarizes the conclusions of previous studies that have explored the relationship between environmental regulations and industrial movement, (2) identifies and summarizes existing and proposed US global climate change policy options, and (3) discusses issues and topics relating to possible industrial relocation because of the global climate change policy options. It concludes with recommendations for further research. Although federal global climate change policy options are the primary focus of this report, some international and regional efforts addressing this issue are also included. A potential regional industrial migration issue is highlighted. 14 refs., 2 figs., 3 tabs.

  12. Trends of the American coal mining industry and technology development

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Graham, M.J. [Joy Mining Machinery (USA)

    2000-03-01

    An overview is presented of the USA's coal mining industry, emphasising energy trends and driving forces. The focus of the drive for increased productivity has shifted to technology. Several pieces of high-tech mining equipment produced by Joy Mining Machinery is described. They include: the Joy 12CM27 continuous miner, the Multibolter, the Flexible Conveyor Train, Joy longwall roof supports, Joy armored face conveyors, Joy shearing machines, and Joy Network Architecture (JNA) system for underground machine control and diagnostics. 19 figs., 4 tabs.

  13. Examining lag effects between industrial land development and regional economic changes: The Netherlands experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ustaoglu, Eda; Lavalle, Carlo

    2017-01-01

    In most empirical applications, forecasting models for the analysis of industrial land focus on the relationship between current values of economic parameters and industrial land use. This paper aims to test this assumption by focusing on the dynamic relationship between current and lagged values of the ‘economic fundamentals’ and industrial land development. Not much effort has yet been attributed to develop land forecasting models to predict the demand for industrial land except those applying static regressions or other statistical measures. In this research, we estimated a dynamic panel data model across 40 regions from 2000 to 2008 for the Netherlands to uncover the relationship between current and lagged values of economic parameters and industrial land development. Land-use regulations such as land zoning policies, and other land-use restrictions like natural protection areas, geographical limitations in the form of water bodies or sludge areas are expected to affect supply of land, which will in turn be reflected in industrial land market outcomes. Our results suggest that gross domestic product (GDP), industrial employment, gross value added (GVA), property price, and other parameters representing demand and supply conditions in the industrial market explain industrial land developments with high significance levels. It is also shown that contrary to the current values, lagged values of the economic parameters have more sound relationships with the industrial developments in the Netherlands. The findings suggest use of lags between selected economic parameters and industrial land use in land forecasting applications. PMID:28877204

  14. Rural development policy and food industry development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Baker, Derek; Abildtrup, Jens; Hedetoft, Anders

    2007-01-01

    be less appropriate. This paper employs telephone interviews and workshop discussions with firms in isolated locations to investigate their satisfaction with assistance programmes, their ability to innovate (through product introductions) and respond to challenges in the food industry (the emergence......Food industry firms in remote areas face a set of constraints, which have motivated the form and function of assistance instruments under various regional and rural development programmes. Recent food industry developments present new challenges to these firms, for which available assistance may...

  15. Development of a model of the tobacco industry's interference with tobacco control programmes

    OpenAIRE

    Trochim, W; Stillman, F; Clark, P; Schmitt, C.(Institut für Physik, Universität Mainz, Mainz, Germany)

    2003-01-01

    Objective: To construct a conceptual model of tobacco industry tactics to undermine tobacco control programmes for the purposes of: (1) developing measures to evaluate industry tactics, (2) improving tobacco control planning, and (3) supplementing current or future frameworks used to classify and analyse tobacco industry documents.

  16. Innovative Development of Building Materials Industry of the Region Based on the Cluster Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mottaeva Asiiat

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses issues of innovative development of building materials industry of the region based on the cluster approach. Determined the significance of regional cluster development of the industry of construction materials as the effective implementation of the innovative breakthrough of the region as an important part of strategies for strengthening innovation activities may be to support the formation and development of cluster structures. Analyses the current situation with innovation in the building materials industry of the region based on the cluster approach. In the course of the study revealed a direct correlation between involvement in innovative activities on a cluster basis, and the level of development of industry of construction materials. The conducted research allowed identifying the factors that determine the innovation process, systematization and classification which determine the sustainable functioning of the building materials industry in the period of active innovation. The proposed grouping of innovations for the construction industry taking into account industry-specific characteristics that reflect modern trends of scientific and technological progress in construction. Significance of the study lies in the fact that the proposals and practical recommendations can be used in the formation mechanism of innovative development of building materials industry and the overall regional construction complex of Russian regions by creating clusters of construction.

  17. The development of VR technology for nuclear industry applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Yong Bum; Cho, Jai Wan; Lee, Nam Ho; Choi, Young Soo; Park, Soon Yong

    1998-01-01

    By searching the present condition of virtual reality technology of which researches were carried out not only abroad but also the country in nuclear power industry, we confirm the possibility of practical usage of VR in it. And as a fundamental research for applications of VR in nuclear power industry, gesture recognition for remote working and VR training system for severe working were performed. 1. A study on gesture recognition for remote working : The hand gesture recognition technology using visual signal and tactile magnetic sensor as a basic study for the introduction of task command and communication were performed. 2. A study on an construction of the virtual environment training system for the task in a severe condition: A construction of virtual reality training system for the tasks in a severe working condition was implemented. This system was intended to enhance the efficiency of actual tasks through advanced practicing the motion procedures those should be performed in a severe working condition where it is difficult to access for personnel. The motion information which is came from the sensors attached on trainers body was used for construction of the virtual environment through the computer graphic procedures. The VR training system has many merits relative to the conservative training method that was performed with mock-up which was made as the same size and shape as real component in nuclear power plant. (author). 27 refs., 21 tabs., 51 figs

  18. The application of an industry level participatory ergonomics approach in developing MSD interventions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tappin, D C; Vitalis, A; Bentley, T A

    2016-01-01

    Participatory ergonomics projects are traditionally applied within one organisation. In this study, a participative approach was applied across the New Zealand meat processing industry, involving multiple organisations and geographical regions. The purpose was to develop interventions to reduce musculoskeletal disorder (MSD) risk. This paper considers the value of an industry level participatory ergonomics approach in achieving this. The main rationale for a participative approach included the need for industry credibility, and to generate MSD interventions that address industry level MSD risk factors. An industry key stakeholder group became the primary vehicle for formal participation. The study resulted in an intervention plan that included the wider work system and industry practices. These interventions were championed across the industry by the key stakeholder group and have extended beyond the life of the study. While this approach helped to meet the study aim, the existence of an industry-supported key stakeholder group and a mandate for the initiative are important prerequisites for success.

  19. The Sectorial Code - an inquiry into the contemporary sector development activities in the Danish construction industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jens Stissing

    of development the first block sets out by introducing the concepts of systems, regimes and fields. These concepts are introduced as they offer different vocabularies which may be used to understand how sectors condition industrial development. More importantly these vocabularies however also offer different....... This initiative thus suggested that an industrial transition based configurable system deliverances developed and produced independent of the individual construction project needed to be initiated. The image of rational behaviour which informed DC thus suggested that the organization of the project oriented...... development agenda. While the strategy of DC was to engage with the organised industrial interests, Building Lab DK perceived these interests as a barrier to an industrial reorganization based on configurable system deliverances. The strategy of this initiative accordingly was to target the companies...

  20. Research on the statistics index system and evaluation method of high and new technology industry development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晓东; 张霞

    2004-01-01

    During the evolution of the global economic, high and new technology industry has become the maindriver to impel the global economy growth via technological advancement, and the main means to guarantee the sustainable development of the global economy. In the view of China's situation, this article analyzes the experiences of OECD in high and new technology industry and gives a statistics index system along with the evaluation method to estimate the development of high and new technology industry.

  1. The role of modern biology and medicine in drug development in academia and industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blake, Charles A; Barker, Kenneth L; Sobel, Burton E

    2006-12-01

    This symposium addresses careers in drug development in industry; the performance of translational research by academia, industry, and both; and numerous factors pertinent to alliances essential to drug discovery and development. Drug development is a complex process that regularly involves effective collaborations between academic and physician scientists and industry. There are specific occupational factors affecting recruitment of scientists and physicians in drug development programs in industry; ideal backgrounds for successful applicants for positions in industry in drug development; ethical and regulatory considerations particularly germane to the performance of scientists and physicians in drug development programs in industry and at universities; and particular gratifications available to scientists in industry working on drug development. Both similarities and differences characterize the performance of translational research in industry compared with academia. In industry, logistic, operational, and scientific oversight is complex, especially because it often involves relationships with clinical enterprises outside of the corporation. The process is long and arduous from formulation of a good idea in discovery to acceptance of a novel drug in the marketplace. Collaborations and partnerships by industry often involving academia and confrontation of multiple issues are pivotal.

  2. PROBLEMS AND POTENTIAL OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE INDUSTRIAL ENTERPRISES OF THE KNOWLEDGE-INTENSIVE BRANCHES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mikhail Yakovlevich Veselovsky

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In the article the problems of enterprise development high-tech industries, analyzes the factors that complicate the processes of knowledge-intensive production management. It provided a number of problems that make it difficult to increase the economic efficiency of high-tech industry. To solve the above problems need to increase the investment program and the economic attractiveness of high-tech industries that is to be developed, modern management system, carried out the reform of the knowledge-based industry to provide high levels of efficiency of new organizational structures in the current economic conditions compared to the existing, outdated forms. The purpose / goal. The aim of this study is to analyze the causes that affect the development potential of knowledge-based industries and enterprises identify problems that impede improving the economic efficiency of the Russian high-tech industry. Purpose: To identify the problems that are most difficult to improve the economic efficiency of the Russian high-tech industry; consider the high-tech industry; examine the reasons for the reform of the knowledge-based industry; explore the level of innovation activity of organizations of high-tech industries. Methodology. The methodological and theoretical basis of the study are the works, monographs, research papers, studies of Soviet authors on the development of knowledge-intensive industries, materials of State Statistics. We used scientific methods of research, such as the comparative method of analysis, synthesis, analysis and synthesis. Results. Given the concept of the domestic high-tech complex (NEC, defined the environment in which businesses operate NEC. The features of these companies, where there is the presence of a strong innovation potential. The requirements for knowledge-intensive production as the backbone of a new stage of the development lifecycle. A number of problems hampering the development and transformation of enterprise

  3. THE U/RI-INDUSTRY LINKAGE AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE COMPUTER INDUSTRY IN CHINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiwei Zhong

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo analiza la innovación del sistema de ciencia y tecnología en años recientes en China. Analiza la relación entre Universidad/ Instituto de investigación-industria (U/RI-industry y debate el papel de ésta en el desarrollo de la industria de la computación de China. Asimismo demuestra que las universidades y los institutos de investigación han llegado a ser la fuerza que impulsa el desarrollo de los sectores de alta tecnología en China mediante el estudio de caso de esta relación en la industria de la computación. Se propone que los países en vías de desarrollo sigan la experiencia china de construir capacidades propias de innovación a través del reforzamiento de la conexión universidad/instituto de investigación-industria bajo la adecuada planificación de políticas gubernamentales.

  4. The Problems and Strategies for Cultural Industry, Trade and City Development in Chengdu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐永安

    2010-01-01

    This paper defines the importance of cultural industry and trade to the development of the city of Chengdu. It alsot analyzes the present situation and problems of the cultural industry and trade in Chengdu. In the end , the author also puts forward the strategies and measures in the aspect of how to combine the cultural trade with city development.

  5. Entrepreneurship and social capital: Sources of local development, the jewelery industry in Jalisco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Mercedes León Sánchez

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In the last forty years in various regions of Mexico, Jalisco, has given impetus to the development of industries known as "modern" as electronics and software, this is intended to increase growth and foster development, all this has been detrimental to those industries considered "traditional" (footwear, textile, jewelery, industries that have long been the basis for productive development of these regions. Policies that have followed in industrial countries has been to promote the first under the assumption that they are incorporating the technology, while the latter incorporates little technology intheir production processes and generally do not innovate. However industrial behavior has demonstrated that the above is a fallacy.Government policies that were implemented in industrial resulted in the increase in the share of industrial production called "modern", such as electronics and software, but those traditional activities such as jewelry, not only maintained but that increased production and commercial dynamism. This dynamic is observed in the absorption of employment and productive participation nationwide. The jewelry industry is a case in point, because from generation entrepreneurshipcapacity, social capital and working together with the government, among others, has managed to influence local development in the region. Therefore in this paper analyzes trying to emphasize that industry, from interviews with key actors and quantitative analysis for this industry, basic factors that impacted on the local development of Jalisco.

  6. The Development of the Renewable Energy Power Industry under Feed-In Tariff and Renewable Portfolio Standard: A Case Study of China’s Photovoltaic Power Industry

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Yuzhuo Zhang; Xingang Zhao; Yi Zuo; Lingzhi Ren; Ling Wang

    2017-01-01

    ...) are the most popular to promote the development of renewable energy power industry. They can significantly contribute to the expansion of domestic industrial activities in terms of sustainable energy...

  7. Industry Update: the latest developments in therapeutic delivery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinbach, Oliver C

    2013-05-01

    The present industry update covers the period 2-28 February 2013, with information sourced from company press releases, regulatory and patent agencies, as well as from scientific literature. With the US presidential inauguration in January, the inevitable 'fiscal cliff' and with the healthcare reform taking shape, there are many challenges ahead for the world's largest healthcare market. Healthcare providers are preparing for the 'accountable care organizations' paradigm shift and it has been reported that the pharmaceutical industry is low in public perception; only 'for-profit' health insurers rank lower according to a survey recently published. Although in 2012 one could still observe a decline in the overall number of drug delivery partnering deals announced, there has been a slight recovery, thus, meaning a repeat of the lows of 2011 have not been witnessed. The experts expect a reversed trend in 2013 as larger companies seek to refill pipelines with new candidates and drug-delivery solutions. There is a lot of emphasis on altered oral delivery profiles to provide patient compliance. This is indicated by the recent licensing deals, such as that between Radius Health Inc. and 3M, TissueGen and Biomedical Structures, and new financing rounds of companies, such as SKL, Catalent and BioActiva. Injectable technology, including needle-free delivery, continues to be prevalent in deals, such as those between Clearside and Kala until compelling alternatives to the delivery of biologicals are available. Alternative routes of administration, such as nasal, buccal (Kala), sublingual (Stallergenes) see growing interest; however, bioavailability and reproducible dosing will continue to be a challenge in the foreseeable future.

  8. Sports Nutrition Food Industry Chain Development Research

    OpenAIRE

    Jie Yin

    2015-01-01

    Through the study of Henan sports nutrition food industry chain optimization, the study analyses development advantage and competitive advantage of Henan in sports nutrition food industry chain and existing problems and challenges in Henan sports nutrition food industry chain and at the same time introduces the theory of supply chain management to the development of sports nutrition food industry chain, clearly optimizes countermeasures of sports nutrition food industry chain. Pointing out sp...

  9. The development and commercialization of solar PV technology in the oil industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pinkse, J.; van den Buuse, D.

    2012-01-01

    In diversifying energy supply, the transformation of the energy industry has been identified as a key challenge for a sustainable energy future. This suggests that incumbent firms in this industry have a vital role in the development and commercialization process of renewable energy technologies. Th

  10. An Insight into the Difficulties of Software Development Projects in the Pharmaceutical Industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hajou, A.; Batenburg, R.S.; Jansen, S.

    2015-01-01

    Software development projects in the pharmaceutical industry are highly regulated as software failures can have a direct impact on the quality of medicinal product and therefore patient safety. Regulation is imposed from a governmental level but is also employed in the form of comprehensive industry

  11. An Insight into the Difficulties of Software Development Projects in the Pharmaceutical Industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hajou, A.; Batenburg, R.S.; Jansen, S.

    2015-01-01

    Software development projects in the pharmaceutical industry are highly regulated as software failures can have a direct impact on the quality of medicinal product and therefore patient safety. Regulation is imposed from a governmental level but is also employed in the form of comprehensive industry

  12. The development and commercialization of solar PV technology in the oil industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pinkse, J.; van den Buuse, D.

    2012-01-01

    In diversifying energy supply, the transformation of the energy industry has been identified as a key challenge for a sustainable energy future. This suggests that incumbent firms in this industry have a vital role in the development and commercialization process of renewable energy technologies.

  13. The development of advanced robotics for the nuclear industry -The development of advanced robotic technology-

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Jong Min; Lee, Yong Bum; Park, Soon Yong; Cho, Jae Wan; Lee, Nam Hoh; Kim, Woong Kee; Moon, Byung Soo; Kim, Seung Hoh; Kim, Chang Heui; Kim, Byung Soo; Hwang, Suk Yong; Lee, Yung Kwang; Moon, Je Sun [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Taejon (Korea, Republic of)

    1995-07-01

    Main activity in this year is to develop both remote handling system and telepresence techniques, which can be used for people involved in extremely hazardous working area to alleviate their burden. In the robot vision technology part, KAERI-PSM system, stereo imaging camera module, stereo BOOM/MOLLY unit, and stereo HMD unit are developed. Also, autostereo TV system which falls under the category of next generation stereo imaging technology has been studied. The performance of KAERI-PSM system for remote handling task is evaluated and compared with other stereo imaging systems as well as general TV imaging system. The result shows that KAERI-PSM system is superior to the other stereo imaging systems about remote operation speedup and accuracy. The automatic recognition algorithm of instrument panel is studied and passive visual target tracking system is developed. The 5 DOF camera serving unit has been designed and fabricated. It is designed to function like human`s eye. In the sensing and intelligent control research part, thermal image database system for thermal image analysis is developed and remote temperature monitoring technique using fiber optics is investigated. And also, two dimensional radioactivity sensor head for radiation profile monitoring system is designed. In the part of intelligent robotics, mobile robot is fabricated and its autonomous navigation using fuzzy control logic is studied. These remote handling and telepresence techniques developed in this project can be applied to nozzle-dam installation/removal robot system, reactor inspection unit, underwater nuclear pellet inspection and pipe abnormality inspection. And these developed remote handling and telepresence techniques will be applied in general industry, medical science, and military as well as nuclear facilities. 203 figs, 12 tabs, 72 refs. (Author).

  14. UP-report. Energy intensive industry. Basis of the Development platform. Industry to the Swedish Energy Agency's strategy work FOKUS; UP-rapport. Energiintensiv industri. Underlag fraan Utvecklingsplattformen. Industri till Energimyndighetens strategiarbete FOKUS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-11-01

    The report serves as input to the Swedish Energy Agency's strategies and priorities for research and innovation under the thematic area of energy intensive industry for the period 2011 - 2016. The report has been compiled by members of the Development platform Industry. This report provides background and conditions for the energy intensive industry, and proposed priorities and activities for future efforts in this area. The development platform has contributed with valuable experience and knowledge which enabled the Swedish Energy Agency to then develop a strategy that meets needs of the society and business.

  15. Use plan from the industrial end users and for technologies developed in the frame of ABLAMOD

    OpenAIRE

    Gülhan, Ali; Pinaud, Gregory; Cretella, Attilio; Johnstone, Emma

    2016-01-01

    ABLAMOD technologies have a relevant technological impact with respect to the innovative thermal protection system for space transportation systems, interplanetary mission vehicles and thermally highly loaded structures like combustion chambers of solid and hybrid propulsion. An industrialization plan has initially identified the technology development steps to reach space qualification followed by an industrial and procurement plan to allow ablator material application in space transportatio...

  16. How the pharmaceutical industry and agile software development methods conflict: a systematic literature review.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hajou, A.; Batenburg, R.; Jansen, S.

    2014-01-01

    Software development projects in the context of the pharmaceutical industry are highly restricted. Innovation in terms of process changes within the practice of software development has to manoeuvre though the regulatory wilderness of legislation and industry standards. 49 articles have been

  17. The Importance of Industrial Ecology in Engineering Education for Sustainable Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biswas, Wahidul K.

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to show how industrial ecology can facilitate the achievement of sustainable development through its incorporation into an engineering curriculum. Design/methodology/approach: A model has been developed for assessing sustainability learning outcomes due to the incorporation of the concept of industrial ecology…

  18. How the pharmaceutical industry and agile software development methods conflict: a systematic literature review.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hajou, A.; Batenburg, R.; Jansen, S.

    2014-01-01

    Software development projects in the context of the pharmaceutical industry are highly restricted. Innovation in terms of process changes within the practice of software development has to manoeuvre though the regulatory wilderness of legislation and industry standards. 49 articles have been selecte

  19. The Importance of Industrial Ecology in Engineering Education for Sustainable Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biswas, Wahidul K.

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to show how industrial ecology can facilitate the achievement of sustainable development through its incorporation into an engineering curriculum. Design/methodology/approach: A model has been developed for assessing sustainability learning outcomes due to the incorporation of the concept of industrial ecology…

  20. THE IMPORTANCE OF CLUSTERS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE TEXTILE AND CLOTHING INDUSTRY

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    This paper provides a critical review of current research on clusters in the textile and clothing industry and the connection to the development of the areas they are concentrated in. The study aims to systemize the main concepts and theoretical research regarding clusters, offering insights into the way clusters determine a more efficient and competitive industry and to what extent. In the current continuous competition for markets, companies that seek economic success need to intensify rela...

  1. A methodology for developing product platforms in the specific setting of the housebuilding industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Veenstra, Vanessa S.; Halman, Johannes I.M.; Voordijk, Johannes T.

    2006-01-01

    Platform based strategies have proved to be a successful approach for achieving optimum balances between standardization and variation in many industries. However, application of this concept in the housebuilding industry is relatively new. This article describes a new methodology for developing pro

  2. A methodology for developing product platforms in the specific setting of the housebuilding industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Veenstra, Vanessa S.; Halman, Johannes I.M.; Voordijk, Johannes T.

    2006-01-01

    Platform based strategies have proved to be a successful approach for achieving optimum balances between standardization and variation in many industries. However, application of this concept in the housebuilding industry is relatively new. This article describes a new methodology for developing

  3. A Study of Factor Affecting the Software Application Development in Indonesian Creative Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adhi Nugroho Chandra

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The creative industries promising opportunities, especially the interactive game business. creative industries is still undeveloped, but lately has been showing its contribution to the economic development of Indonesia. Implementation of the Information and Communication Technology (ICT strategy is a new discourse that can provide great opportunities for the entrepreneurial. This study aims to reveal the level of implementation of ICT strategies, the role of government influence on the development of business, industry conditions as well as the existing value chain in the interactive games industry. Type of research conducted by descriptive research, qualitative analysis was based on the findings of desk research / literature, interviewsources, and the researcher's own knowledge. Level of subjectivity can be minimized with the help of quantitative analysis and the selection of competent resource persons in the field interviews. Secondary dataobtained from the creative economy planning books in 2025, which was published by the Ministry of Commerce of the Republic of Indonesia. Based on the research results, it is concluded that the implementation of ICTstrategies by entrepreneurs in the interactive games industry is still less, and this is partly because in general the industry is still small-scale and micro enterprises, mash the industry is relatively new in the world of business,and entrepreneurs are still concentrating the creation, production, and distributio, commercialization are being developed. In general, interactive games industry is growing. In the future, need to research business model and business strategy, so it would complement the models developing strategy in the game interactive industry.

  4. Probing into the Development Trends of Coal Chemical Industry, Refining Industry and Chemical Industry Integration%煤油化一体化发展趋势探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孥赤宏; 高敏惠

    2012-01-01

    与国外相比,我国煤化工产业虽起步较晚,但发展迅速,煤制烯烃、煤制油和煤制乙二醇等技术已处于世界领先地位。由于煤化工是资金和技术高度集中的产业,且受煤炭资源、水资源、资金、技术、环保法规等制约,因此发展建设时必须考虑经济性、碳排放、水资源、产品选择等诸方面因素。煤油化一体化可实现煤炭一清洁燃料一化工产品的协调发展,对于促进我国煤炭资源合理高效利用具有现实意义。%Compared with foreign coal chemical industry, although China's coal chemical industry began late, it developed fast. The technologies such as coal-to-olefin process, coal liquefaction process and coal-to-ethylene glycol process have been at world advanced position. Because coal funds and technologies are highly concentrated in coal chemical industry and the industry is restricted by coal resources, water resources, funds, technologies and environmental protection laws and regulations, various factors such as economics, carbon emission and water resources should be considered when development and construction are carried out. Coal chemical industry, refining industry and chemical industry integration can realize the coordinated development of coal, clean fuels and chemical products, having practical significance to promote rational and high-efficient utilization of China's coal resources.

  5. DEVELOPMENT OF MOTOR INDUSTRY OF SVERDLOVSK REGION FROM THE POSITION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMPETITIVENESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.V. Kozlov

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available The industrial cooperation of Russia in the field of motor industry with quickly developing Asian countries with a view of increase of competitiveness of the country in the world market of cars is considered in clause. The output of Sverdlovsk region on the markets of cars of the developed countries by means of creation of joint ventures with motor-car manufacturers of the Peoples Republic of China on an example of JSC "Cars and motors of Ural " is offered.

  6. THE QUALITY OF HUMAN RESOURCES – A REQUEST FOR HOTEL INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENT. A THEORETICAL APPROACH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aruștei Carmen Claudia

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available In this article we focus on the importance of human resource quality from hotel industry in obtaining quality services and further more in obtaining hotel industry development. We address this issue due to the fact that, usually, when talking about tourism or hotel industry development, the literature in the field offers macro solutions like, infrastructure development, service/product development and/or improving service quality. We consider that a micro approach is also important and from this perspective, we emphasis the role of human resource quality for industry development. The quality of human resources, as a dimension of service quality was not detailed extensively by the literature in the field but we found it relevant for hotel industry development, as this industry it is a service industry, and as Ritz-Carlton Company’s motto say “service comes only from people”. In this article we focus on the importance of human resource quality from hotel industry in obtaining quality services and further more in obtaining hotel industry development. We address this issue due to the fact that, usually, when talking about tourism or hotel industry development, the literature in the field offers macro solutions like, infrastructure development, service/product development and/or improving service quality. We consider that a micro approach is also important and from this perspective, we emphasis the role of human resource quality for industry development. The quality of human resources, as a dimension of service quality was not detailed extensively by the literature in the field but we found it relevant for hotel industry development, as this industry it is a service industry, and as Ritz-Carlton Company’s motto say “service comes only from people”. In this article we focus on the importance of human resource quality from hotel industry in obtaining quality services and further more in obtaining hotel industry development. We address this

  7. TASK FOR POST-CRISIS IN ROMANIA: THE DEVELOPMENT OF INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcela Danu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The present paper illustrates the role of industry in economic and social development of Romania, in the context of the propagated effects of the contemporary economic and financial crisis and mission that is in the recovery of gaps in relation to EU countries. The dynamic of the industrial sector after 1989, highlighting the continuing decline in its contribution to the GDP formation and changing industry structure in favor of industries producing consumer goods. The situation has changed, however, after the crisis, the industry producing capital goods coming back in force, and hosting the entire sector. Significant is that the development of the Romanian industry must integrate into a viable and sustainable formula, scientific research and technological development with environmental quality. Moreover, the qualitative and quantitative dimensions of industrial development in Romania should be integrated in the dynamic dimensions of the EU, with all the implications and costs derived from this, in the short term. The plea for industrial development in the post-crisis period is supported by the need to ensure a solid foundation for the development of other economic activities specific to the primary and tertiary sectors.

  8. The Development of Green Clusters of the Automobile Industry in the Russian Region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander A. Khokhlov

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The article shows the expediency of forming of a green cluster of the automobile industry and indicates the possibility of implementation through the development of electric vehicles as one of the environmentally friendly modes of transport. It is proved that their production requires the joint efforts of the automobile industry, small and medium business enterprises and organizations in other industries that manufacture components and equipment for electric cars. Further the possibility and expediency of launching of environmentally friendly vehicles is proved through the provision of issue in the process of import substitution in the automotive industry. The assumed centres of the green clusters of the automobile industry are selected, they are companies that are potential manufacturers of automobiles, having the properties of environmentally friendly vehicles: PJSC "AVTOVAZ", "GAZ". The scheme of realization of perspective projects on creation of models and production of electric vehicles is represented in the framework of activation of cooperation between state, municipal and business structures in the Russian regions. It is proposed as an institutional form of their interaction to use the concept of a consortium of the automotive industry, which principles are reflected in the text. It is concluded that in the automotive industry in the Russian regions there are possibilities of formation of territorial and production clusters based on the foundations of a green economy in the Russian Federation.

  9. The analysis on Development of modern service industry and personnel needs in Suzhou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冀红斌

    2015-01-01

    As a modern service industry with advanced technological capabilities to enhance the guidance of the industry, its strong development capacity, the majority of prospects, has become a focal point of our economy and raise the level of new momentum.Especially in Suzhou, favorable geographical location and advanced development conditions for the planning and development of modern serviceindustry provides a reasonable market background and ability to support the development of the firm.

  10. Method æ, the agile software development method tailored for the pharmaceutical industry.

    OpenAIRE

    Hajou, A.; Batenburg, R.S.; Jansen, S

    2015-01-01

    Agile software development methods have a high adoption rate due to their proven business benefits. Its success has not yet been identified in the pharmaceutical industry, due to the industry’s incompatibility with generic agile methods. Comprehensive research has been done to engineer a tailored agile method driven by the needs of the industry. 14 interviews were conducted with domain experts to elaborate on problems they encountered during software development projects in the pharmaceutical...

  11. Successful new product development in the food packaging industry ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    International Journal of Engineering, Science and Technology ... The relevance of product innovations and new product development for the competitive ... The analysis is proposed in the form of a case study-based research, which was ...

  12. The Sustainable Development of Industry Clusters: Emergent Knowledge Networks and Socio Complex Adaptive Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susu Nousala

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available In a highly competitive global economy the development of sustainable, innovative responses from Industry is now vital. Many industries globally need to respond rather than react to current economic climate through sustainable (economically and environmentally development. The steel industry is a critical player in the urban landscape. Like many industries, small, medium enterprises (SMEs are vital players within the steel industry supply chain. The Australian SME steel housing sector (based in rural and regional areas are still developing systemic capabilities with the aim of realizing its full potential. The question of an effective sustainable industry is much larger than any one player. This paper aims to present a proposed methodological approach for sustainable cluster development based on previous industry wide investigations. Through the lens of scalability of a socio complex adaptive system, SME development becomes arguably the most significant player with regards to industry cluster development. By starting with SME development it's possible to build an understanding of a simultaneous two layered approach, "bottom up – top down" whilst including a very diversified group.

  13. The Sustainable Development of Industry Clusters: Emergent Knowledge Networks and Socio Complex Adaptive Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susu Nousala

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available In a highly competitive global economy the development of sustainable, innovative responses from Industry is now vital. Many industries globally need to respond rather than react to current economic climate through sustainable (economically and environmentally development. The steel industry is a critical player in the urban landscape. Like many industries, small, medium enterprises (SMEs are vital players within the steel industry supply chain. The Australian SME steel housing sector (based in rural and regional areas are still developing systemic capabilities with the aim of realizing its full potential. The question of an effective sustainable industry is much larger than any one player. This paper aims to present a proposed methodological approach for sustainable cluster development based on previous industry wide investigations. Through the lens of scalability of a socio complex adaptive system, SME development becomes arguably the most significant player with regards to industry cluster development. By starting with SME development it's possible to build an understanding of a simultaneous two layered approach, "bottom up – top down" whilst including a very diversified group.

  14. The Development of a Green Practice Index for the Malaysian Hotel Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. K. Siti–Nabiha

    2014-03-01

    Malaysian hotels. Doing so, however, resulted in a search for green index development methods. This lead to the discovery that existing tools such as the Delphi method were not appropriate tools that could be used to develop a Malaysian green index. To address the above, the authors propose a green index development method that can be used for a  Malaysian and developing country context. Hence, in this paper, the method of developing a green practice index for the Malaysian hospitality industry, the differences and advantages of this method compared to the commonly used Delphi method and finally the Malaysian Green Practice Index for the hotel industry are presented.

  15. The role of creative industries in regional development of East Asian cities

    OpenAIRE

    Ho Yeon KIM

    2011-01-01

    Recently, the so-called creative industry is gaining attention as a new engine of regional economic growth. Using this new industrial classification, many countries are starting to promote the cultural creation activities with the purpose of seeking out new directions in regional development. The synergy effects can also be attained by promoting the traditional sectors to the creative industry. This concept is useful not only for mega cities like Tokyo, Seoul, Beijing and Shanghai, but also f...

  16. Sustaining Oil Industry Development in China and Global Prosperity in the Oil Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Tao

    1996-01-01

    @@ China, a developing country with 1.2 billion people, is changing greatly and its national economy is experiencing steady and rapid growth owing to its reform and opening to the outside world. In the course of this great progress,oil and gas production are increasing steadily, oil and gas supply and demand are basically stable, and this assures critical support to the development of the national economy.

  17. Pharmaceutical Industry Develops Steadily

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ With the development of the economy, the growth of the total population, the growing proportion of older citizens, and the increasing awareness of people's health care,the pharmaceutical market in China has seen a sustained and rapid expansion.

  18. Sustainable development of the Polish meat industry after accession to the European Union

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirosława Tereszczuk

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The last decade, i.e. 2003-2013, was a period of intensive development of the Polish meat industry, in which Poland’s accession to the European Union definitely had its share. Themeat industry in Poland has been developing faster that in the EU-15 and Poland was the leader of EU-12. The EU integration had a positive impact on accelerating the production growth in the Polish meat industry, and several years of the process of adjustment to the EU requirements significantly changed the image of the Polish meat companies on the common European market. The Polish meat industry became a significant food producer on the European market (in 2012 fourth place in the EU and the Polish meat processing plants are recognised as some of the most advanced in the EU. One of the main factors of meat industry development in Poland in the past decade was its very fast development.Key words: sustainable development, meat industry, meat products, export, import

  19. Software Development Process Changes in the Telecommunications Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Kevin Doyle

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available The tremendous changes in the telecommunications business in the last several years drove changes in the software development processes of telecommunications equipment providers. We compare changes in these very large projects, in two companies, with those proposed in the Theory of Constraints / Critical Chains, Extreme Programming, and Agile development models. The 2000s have been a time of significant challenge in the telecommunications equipment business. Telecommunications service providers have excess equipment capacity. Many are waiting for next generation telephone switches that will simultaneously lower operating costs and enable additional revenue generation. The large service providers have drastically reduced their capital and expense purchases. Many small service providers, particularly the dot-coms, went bankrupt; much of their equipment is on the secondary market, at a fraction of the original cost. Thus the equipment market has significantly shrunk, and the equipment providers have been reducing expenses, while continuing to deliver software and hardware equipment at the high quality level required by the service providers. This drove many changes in the software development process. While the process changes are reported in two telecommunication equipment development organizations, the changes are applicable in any product development organization.

  20. Software Development Process Changes in the Telecommunications Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Kevin Doyle

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available The tremendous changes in the telecommunications business in the last several years drove changes in the software development processes of telecommunications equipment providers. We compare changes in these very large projects, in two companies, with those proposed in the Theory of Constraints / Critical Chains, Extreme Programming, and Agile development models. The 2000s have been a time of significant challenge in the telecommunications equipment business. Telecommunications service providers have excess equipment capacity. Many are waiting for next generation telephone switches that will simultaneously lower operating costs and enable additional revenue generation. The large service providers have drastically reduced their capital and expense purchases. Many small service providers, particularly the dot-coms, went bankrupt; much of their equipment is on the secondary market, at a fraction of the original cost. Thus the equipment market has significantly shrunk, and the equipment providers have been reducing expenses, while continuing to deliver software and hardware equipment at the high quality level required by the service providers. This drove many changes in the software development process. While the process changes are reported in two telecommunication equipment development organizations, the changes are applicable in any product development organization.

  1. High technology in developing countries: Analysis of technology strategy, technology transfer, and success factors in the aircraft industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Steenhuis, Harm-Jan; Bruijn, de Erik J.

    2004-01-01

    Economical development is highly related to technological development. It is therefore not surprising that many of the industrially developing nations follow explicit strategies to increase their technological competence level. Industrially developing countries may even pursue a strategy of developi

  2. High technology in developing countries: Analysis of technology strategy, technology transfer, and success factors in the aircraft industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Steenhuis, H.J.; de Bruijn, E.J.

    2004-01-01

    Economical development is highly related to technological development. It is therefore not surprising that many of the industrially developing nations follow explicit strategies to increase their technological competence level. Industrially developing countries may even pursue a strategy of

  3. Competitive Patterns in the Danish Organic Industry & its Usefulness in Predicting Development in other EU Markets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestergaard, Jens; Linneberg, Mai Skjøtt

    2003-01-01

    . During the period 1987-2002 the development in the organic industry has undergone dramatic changes. In the beginning many small new businesses dominated the area. Presently, there is a remarkable concentration of cooperative monopolies and oligopolies from the conventional industry dominating...

  4. The alternative strategies of the development of the nuclear power industry in the 21st century

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goverdovskii, A. A.; Kalyakin, S. G.; Rachkov, V. I.

    2014-05-01

    This paper emphasizes the urgency of scientific-and-technical and sociopolitical problems of the modern nuclear power industry without solving of which the transition from local nuclear power systems now in operation to a large-scale nuclear power industry would be impossible. The existing concepts of the longterm strategy of the development of the nuclear power industry have been analyzed. On the basis of the scenarios having been developed it was shown that the most promising alternative is the orientation towards the closed nuclear fuel cycle with fast neutron reactors (hereinafter referred to as fast reactors) that would meet the requirements on the acceptable safety. It was concluded that the main provisions of "The Strategy of the Development of the Nuclear Power Industry of Russia for the First Half of the 21st Century" approved by the Government of the Russian Federation in the year 2000 remain the same at present as well, although they require to be elaborated with due regard for new realities in the market for fossil fuels, the state of both the Russian and the world economy, as well as tightening of requirements related to safe operation of nuclear power stations (NPSs) (for example, after the severe accident at the Fukushima nuclear power station, Japan) and nonproliferation of nuclear weapons.

  5. Open Source Software Movement:A Challenging Opportunity for the Development of China's Software Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Mingzhi; ZHENG Jie

    2004-01-01

    The software industries in developing countries are facing enormous challenges in order to grow amid fierce competition of import from the software makers in developed countries. Open source software (OSS) movement, which is a particular phenomenon in the software industries, seems to be a challenging opportunity for the developing countries that wants to move their own software industries up the value chain. This paper, using China as an example, identifies the issues that need to be addressed for the software industry, as well as the special characteristics of software products that need to be dealt with carefully. It proposes promoting OSS as a strategy the Chinese government should adopt to grow the software industry and the speciftc actions that should be taken.

  6. Biotechnology and the bioeconomy-Towards inclusive and sustainable industrial development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lokko, Yvonne; Heijde, Marc; Schebesta, Karl; Scholtès, Philippe; Van Montagu, Marc; Giacca, Mauro

    2017-06-27

    To transform developing and least developing countries into industrialised ones, biotechnology could be deployed along the value chain, to provide support to the development of the bio-based industries in such a way to ensure sustainability of the sector and to reduce negative environmental impacts that might otherwise occur. In agribusiness development, for instance, interventions could start from inputs and agricultural mechanization, modern processing technologies, packaging of perishable products, the promotion of food safety in the processing and regulatory environment; and interventions to improve competitiveness and productivity. Worth over USD 300 billion in revenue, the role of the biotechnology goes beyond industrial growth, since it provides opportunities for progress towards many of the UN sustainable development goals (SDGs). This paper reviews the status of industrial biotechnology as it relates to inclusive and sustainable industrial development. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  7. The Future of Development of China’s Printing Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    The tendency in general Digitizing,Networking,diversification and quickness. Digitizing,networking-Digital and network technology will penetrate the in- dustry even far and wide; Diversification-The color and type of printing products will be developed; Quickness-Quick printing at re- quest and streamlined delivery is a new goal of the printers.

  8. Structural Restriction in the Development of China's Financial Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JianLi

    2004-01-01

    After China's accession to the WTO, the main problem China now faces in its financial development is how to enhance international competitiveness while safeguarding financial security. Since reform and opening up, the development of China's financial industry has featured extensive quantitative expansion, but without sufficient consideration given to increased risk. This has led to serious defects in the financial structure, which has hampered the financial industry from further development and from improving its international competitiveness. All these have had unfavorable impacts on financial stability and security.Therefore, in developing China 's financial industry, the stubborn pursuit of growth in quantity is inadvisable. What is needed is to change this way of thinking and to promote reform and development of the financial industry with emphasis on structure improvement,and to seek a way of development that can raise international competitiveness, while at the same time ensuring financial security.

  9. Current Situation and Development Trend of the Sugarcane Industry in Indonesia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wenhui; PU

    2015-01-01

    Sugarcane is one of important crops in Indonesia. In this paper,the sugarcane production,sugar industry development,sugar consumption,sugar import and export business and related management policies are all be summarized. In the meantime,the future prospect of the sugarcane industry is expounded.

  10. Developing the Frank and Morgan technique for industrial fire risk assessment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Golmohamadi

    2013-12-01

    Conclusion: Results showed that the developed Frank and Morgan method can be a suitable tool for evaluating industrial fire risk and prioritizing units in general level of an industrial complex especially chemicals company. According to the findings in this study, the investigation of likely damages to environment in the case of fire has high importance.

  11. Commercialization and Industrial Development for the Fetal Hear Rate Monitor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zahorian, Stephen

    2000-01-01

    The primary objectives for this task were to continue the development and testing of the NASA/ODU passive acoustic fetal heart rate monitor, with the goal of transferring the technology to the commercial sector. Areas of work included: 1. To assist in the development of a new hardware front end electronics box for the fetal heart rate monitor, so as to reduce the size of the electronics box, and also to provide for a "low-frequency" and "high-frequency" mode of operation. To make necessary changes in the operating software to support the two modes of operation. 2. To provide an option for a strip chart recording for the system, so that medical personnel could more easily make comparisons with ultra sound strip chart recordings. and 3. To help with continued testing of the system.

  12. Human Resource Development in the Irish Hotel Industry: The Case of the Small Firm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nolan, Clara

    2002-01-01

    A profile of small businesses in the Irish hotel industry shows that all claim to believe in human resource development but few practice it. Small hotels favor informal, specific job training focused on solution of immediate problems rather than long-term development. (Contains 119 references.) (SK)

  13. Human Resource Development in the Irish Hotel Industry: The Case of the Small Firm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nolan, Clara

    2002-01-01

    A profile of small businesses in the Irish hotel industry shows that all claim to believe in human resource development but few practice it. Small hotels favor informal, specific job training focused on solution of immediate problems rather than long-term development. (Contains 119 references.) (SK)

  14. How integrating industrial design in the product development process impacts on company performance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gemser, G; Leenders, MAAM

    2001-01-01

    There is a growing belief that investing in industrial design is beneficial to company performance. This article sheds more light on how and when integrating industrial design in the product development process can enhance a company's competitive position. The basic premise is that the impact of ind

  15. How integrating industrial design in the product development process impacts on company performance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gemser, G; Leenders, MAAM

    There is a growing belief that investing in industrial design is beneficial to company performance. This article sheds more light on how and when integrating industrial design in the product development process can enhance a company's competitive position. The basic premise is that the impact of

  16. Harmonising Training and Development across an Industry: The Case of Australian Rail

    Science.gov (United States)

    Short, Tom; Harris, Roger McL.

    2017-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to explore why harmonisation, given its potential, is so difficult to achieve. It analyses the issues and challenges in achieving harmonisation of training and development across an industry. Design/methodology/approach: The approach was a meta-analysis of six research projects undertaken in the Australian rail industry.…

  17. Factors Associated with the Development of Nonmetropolitan Growth Nodes in Producer Services Industries, 1980-1990

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goe, W. Richard

    2002-01-01

    Over the 1980-1990 period, employment in producer services industries in the nonmetropolitan United States increased substantially. This growth resulted in the development of "nonmetropolitan growth nodes" in producer services industries. A growth node refers to a nonmetropolitan area that contains a greater than average concentration of…

  18. Development Tendency of the Refractories for Iron & Steel Industry in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    This paper introduces the developing tendency of refractories for iron and steel industry combined with the new metallurgical techniques applied in iron and steel industry in China. Refractories for blast furnace long service life, smelting reduction iron-making process, secondary refining metallurgies and clean steel making, near net shape continuous casting are described respectively. To meet the requirement of iron and steel industry, the high quality, multi-functions and environment-friendly refractories with long service life will be focused and developed in the future. In addition, high grade refractories in China have great developing space and potential market.

  19. The Vegetable industry in China; Developments in policies, production, marketing and international trade

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Liu, Y.M.; Jinsong, C.; Zhang XiaoYong, Xiaoyong; Kamphuis, B.M.

    2004-01-01

    Development of Chinese vegetable industry over the past three decades. The changes of governmental vegetable policy and the major institutions involved. The major production regions in China, their leading vegetable varieties and cultivation technology. The reform of vegetable marketing structure

  20. Model Development Industrial Cluster Coffee Arabica in The District Bangli, Province of Bali

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Gusti Bagus Udayana

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Indonesian coffee commodity is non-oil export commodities the which contributes to the increase of in foreign exchange. The coffee agribusiness development Efforts have been undertaken by the government, but there are still many obstacles, especially in maintaining the quality of products that meet international market standards and continuity of production in accordance with market demand and to support a downstream industry of agricultural production. This research is the development of industrial clusters Earlier research arabica coffee. The results Showed that the human resources and knowledge about the importance of the coffee plant in Bangli society is still very low, this is evidenced by the many farmers replacing the coffee with citrus plants. Cluster models produced is the result of the development of the models on previous research. In the development of this models and the results of the field survey results show the need for forming FGD Control of Agro-Industry Forum Bangli. This forum Aimed to control and anticipate the development of information to replace the coffee plant with coffee other than agricultural industrial commodities like oranges. Many coffee farmers have replaced coffee with citrus plants. If this continues to Happen it is feared that coffee production has gained International recognition will Decrease. This controller Bangli Agro-Industry Forum in collaboration with Industrial Cluster Management Communication Forum Coffee Arabica and core industry of arabica coffee

  1. Development of loyalty programmes in the hotel industry

    OpenAIRE

    Marina Laškarin

    2013-01-01

    Purpose – In the very beginning when loyalty programmes were being developed, hoteliers were mostly involved as partners of airline companies. However, once they realized the obvious numerous advantages that airlines were gaining, hoteliers began to design their own loyalty programmes. The idea of a loyalty programme is to strike a balance between what guests want and what is offered to them as a reward, and to find other programme partners whose services guests will also use. This paper will...

  2. Possibilities for recovery and prospects of the Serbian chemical industry in the light of sustainable development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Đukić Petar M.

    2014-01-01

    such as food, construction, energy, and many others, from the medium technologies domain, as well as those from the high technologies domain, such as bio-medical, pharmaceutical or cosmetic technologies. In such manner, the participation of chemical industry in the re-industrialisation of Serbia should not be observed only as a contribution to the recovery of industry, but as a factor of sustainable development in all its components, economic, social and ecological.

  3. Development and application of biotechnologies in the metal mining industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, D Barrie

    2013-11-01

    Metal mining faces a number of significant economic and environmental challenges in the twenty-first century for which established and emerging biotechnologies may, at least in part, provide the answers. Bioprocessing of mineral ores and concentrates is already used in variously engineered formats to extract base (e.g., copper, cobalt, and nickel) and precious (gold and silver) metals in mines throughout the world, though it remains a niche technology. However, current projections of an increasing future need to use low-grade primary metal ores, to reprocess mine wastes, and to develop in situ leaching technologies to extract metals from deep-buried ore bodies, all of which are economically more amenable to bioprocessing than conventional approaches (e.g., pyrometallurgy), would suggest that biomining will become more extensively utilized in the future. Recent research has also shown that bioleaching could be used to process a far wider range of metal ores (e.g., oxidized ores) than has previously been the case. Biotechnologies are also being developed to control mine-related pollution, including securing mine wastes (rocks and tailings) by using "ecological engineering" approaches, and also to remediate and recover metals from waste waters, such as acid mine drainage. This article reviews the current status of biotechnologies within the mining sector and considers how these may be developed and applied in future years.

  4. The Evolution of Industrial Development Strategy up to China's Entry into the WTO

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GuoKesha

    2005-01-01

    Changes in China's industrial development strategy undertaken prior to its entry into the WTO centered on strategies for foreign trade, foreign capital utilization, and industry structure. The foreign trade strategy tended to involve a shift from the importsubstitution strategy adopted before the reforms of 1978 to an export-oriented strategy, mainly still one of preferential export promotion. Strategy with regard to foreign capital utilization changed from restricting foreign capital to encouraging foreign capital.

  5. THE 'FRANKENSTEIN' OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT: DIFFERENTIATION AND INTEREST GROUPS WITHIN THE HEALTHCARE INDUSTRY

    OpenAIRE

    Por Heong Hong

    2011-01-01

    As studied elsewhere, other than providing in-service education for its members and functioning as a medium of professional control by establishing general standards of conduct, professional associations also work to uphold and protect the interests of their members. Professional bodies are thus both the product of and the driving force for professionalisation and the consolidation of professional interest. Bred within the historical context of the cultural and social collision between local,...

  6. Blueprinting the Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Industrial development plans indicate China will provide more opportunities for global investors China might embrace a new round of investment in 2012 thanks tothe industrial development blue-prints which have been or will be issued by government departments such as the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology(MIIT),Ministry of Commerce,and the National Development and Reform

  7. The Development Strategy of Sustainable Bioethanol Industry on Iconic Sumba Island, Eastern Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sawarni Hasibuan

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available The development of biofuel industry in Indonesia represents the emerging phase, because of the impetus of government commitment to reduce greenhouse gas emission regulations which are decanted in President Decree No. 61 the year 2011.  Indonesia has committed to reducing greenhouse gasses by 26% below 2005 levels, equivalent to 767 million tons of greenhouse gasses on their own.  National Energy Policy set to blending bioethanol in premium 10% and 20% in 2020 and 2050 respectively.  Potency that owned by Sumba Island, especially in east eastern Indonesia, encourages the growth of bioethanol industry regarding the availability of raw material resources and tropical climate for biofuel crop cultivation. Therefore it is necessary to analyze the feasibility of bioethanol production from potential raw materials in Sumba Island. It combines a Bayes method with financial analysis and a Strengths, Weakness, Opportunities and Threats (SWOT framework to propose the development strategy of sustainable bioethanol industry in the Sumba Island.  Recommended feedstock for the development of the bioethanol industry in Sumba Island is sweet sorghum and cassava.  Financial feasibility assessment of bioethanol industry is based on the assumption that at least 70% of the feedstock is supplied by the company’s land and the rest comes from the farming communities.  The proposed integration pattern is by integrating the ethanol industry with bio-farming and bio-manure to utilize the waste completely. The development of bioethanol industry in Sumba Island is still faced with many obstacles, including the sustainability of feedstock both for cassava and sweet sorghum, infrastructure constraints, and regulation enforcement. Alternative strategies for the development of an integrated bioethanol industry are (1 conducting intensification and extensification of agricultural land to meet the needs of raw materials, (2 promoting technological innovation and

  8. Development of Biological Oxygen Demand Biosensor for Monitoring the Fermentation Industry Effluent

    OpenAIRE

    Neelam Verma; Ashish Kumar Singh

    2013-01-01

    A biosensor was developed for the determination of BOD value of fermentation industry effluent. The developed biosensor was fabricated by immobilizing the microbial consortium on cellulose acetate (CA) membrane in close proximity to a DO probe electrode. The microbial consortium was harvested from the fermentation industry effluent. The BOD biosensor was calibrated by using a solution containing the equivalent amount of glucose/glutamic acid (GGA) as a standard sample solution. The response t...

  9. Role and Place of the Oil Industry in the Economic and Political Development in Iraq

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E V Pashkova

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In the article the authors consider economic and political aspects of restoration and development of the oil industry in Iraq and make a brief historical analysis of it. It’s emphasized the role of political factors in the history of the development of the oil sector in the country. The article deals with the current situation in the oil industry of Iraq, and also the prospects and forecasts of development of it. It’s emphasized the idea that the oil export is one of the most important directions of Iraq's oil policy, which has a high degree of flexibility. It is noted that currently, the speedy recovery of Iraq and its oil industry depends on international companies. However, it is emphasized that there are established a lot of state-owned oil companies in recent decades in Iraq, which are working successfully in the global market. Authors consider the activity of one of them, a marketing company SOMO.

  10. STRATEGIES FOR ADVANCING SMART ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF THE TEXTILE INDUSTRY IN ROMANIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mădălina Opriș (Stănilă

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the evolution of the textile industry, from global to national level. Statistical analysis emphasis is placed on the national market characterization of textiles and clothing, which will be the basis in designing future policies and marketing strategies within this industry. To develop the textile industry in Romania, a long term strategy that will focus on local resources will have to be developed, well-trained specialists, customer orientation, reduce mass production and increase the quality of the products, these are the main directions.

  11. The Element Analysis on The Development of Cattle Industry in Jambi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sumarsono Sumarsono

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to formulate the structure of the key elements and determine the development of beef cattle livestock industry system that must be done. The method used is ISM and Fuzzy ME-MCDM.. Results of the ISM data analysis can know that the key element to the needs of the program is the production technology, quality standardization Ranch Cattle, capital, and competent employees. The constraint of program : capital, facilities, infrastructure, quality, human resources, technology, and institutional. For the purpose of the program is to improve the mastery of technology, increase the added value Ranch Cattle, improving competent human resources, and economic development of Ranch Beef Cattle Industry. The results is alternative activities that must be done is the development of systems Industrial raw materials and production process.

  12. Conceptual approaches of company development strategy considering the phase of industry consolidation and integration processes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tetiana Mostenska

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Increasing competition in the domestic and foreign markets require domestic companies to form and develop competitive advantages through the use of strategic management and planning, development and introduction of effective strategic behaviour. Effective development of enterprises in the unstable economic environment due to the concentration of resources can be provided by introducing a strategy of integration and creating integrated structures, which are a form of cooperation between enterprises, establishments, research organizations and financial institutions. The aim of this study is to determine the conceptual approaches of companies’ development strategy considering the stages of industry consolidation and integration processes. Resources and methods. The research is based on application of methods of abstract and logical, and systematic analysis, analytical and logical generalizations. Monographs and reference books, scholarly works of local and foreign scientists, materials of periodicals were used in work. Results. In order to provide the efficient functioning of enterprises in the competitive environment the main directions of strategic development are based on a systematic study of functioning of the environment, industry features, market characteristics, consumer behaviour, product awards and analysis of the internal environment etc.This study reviews the main stages of industry consolidation and theoretical approaches to strategy development for businesses, depending on the stage of development of the industry and determines the features of integration development of industry. Conclusion. The obtained results made it possible to reach the following conclusions: all industries are consolidated and developed in a similar manner, activity in the field of mergers and acquisitions can be predicted, every strategic event in the economy should be evaluated considering its impact on the level of consolidation. Thus, the formation and

  13. State, Institutions and Industrial Development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauridsen, Laurids Sandager

    ' as a result of the working of market forces or of the choices and activities of transnational companies. Hence it examines the role of the state in such late-industrial transformation processes in Taiwan and Thailand. Most scholars have dealt with this issue from the perspective of trade and have studied...... to a group of studies examining the influence of policies and institutions on national economic performance in late industrialising countries in a comparative perspective. It is guided by the proposition that the nature of the politico-institutional setting has an important impact on the effectiveness...... perspectives on the state and the economy (Chapter 5), from the perspective of policy networks and collaborative advantages between the private and public sectors, and from a politico-institutional and politics perspective (Chapter 8). Chapter 6 develops the notion of strategic industrial policy, while Chapter...

  14. Recent developments: Industry briefs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1990-04-01

    Recent nuclear industry briefs are presented. These briefs include: Soviet Union to build Iran nuclear plant; Dension announces cuts in Elliot Lake production; Soviet environmental study delays Rostov startup; Cogema closes two mines; Namibian sanctions lifted by USA and Canada; US Energy and Kennecott restructors joint venture; Australians reelect Hawke; China to buy Soviet nuclear plant; Olympic Dam`s first sale of concentrates to USA; Uranevz buys one-third of Cogema`s Rabbit Lake operations; East and West Germany forming joint nuclear law; and Nova Scotia extends uranium exploration plan.

  15. Accelerating the implementation of the clean development mechanism in South African industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G Little

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available One of the responses to the threat of global warming is the Kyoto Protocol and the associated Clean Development Mechanism (CDM to reduce greenhouse gases. South Africa is an ideal country for the implementation of industrial CDM projects, yet lags behind many other countries. This qualitative research determines the factors that cause South Africa to lag other developing countries in the implementation of industrial CDM projects and the interventions that will have the most impact on accelerating implementation. The research involved interviews with 30 experts involved in the South African CDM process. The results identify the factors perceived to be facilitating and inhibiting the use of CDM opportunities and a framework for CDM practitioners to develop an implementation strategy within South African industry is established.

  16. Organic marketing initiatives and rural development - lessons learned for the organic industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Niels Heine; Kujala, Jouni

    2005-01-01

    Kujala J, Kristensen NH, (2005): Organic marketing initiatives and rural development - lessons learned for the organic industry. Article in "Organic farming for a new millennium - status and future challenges". Published by Nordic Association of Agricultural Scientists (NJF). Swedish University...

  17. Organic marketing initiatives and rural development - lessons learned for the organic industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Niels Heine; Kujala, Jouni

    2005-01-01

    Kujala J, Kristensen NH, (2005): Organic marketing initiatives and rural development - lessons learned for the organic industry. Article in "Organic farming for a new millennium - status and future challenges". Published by Nordic Association of Agricultural Scientists (NJF). Swedish University...

  18. A STUDY OF FACTOR AFFECTING THE SOFTWARE APPLICATION DEVELOPMENT IN INDONESIAN CREATIVE INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adhi Nugroho Chandra

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The creative industries promising opportunities, especially the interactive game business. creative industries is still undeveloped, but lately has been showing its contribution to the economic development of Indonesia. Implementation of the Information and Communication Technology (ICT strategy is a new discourse that can provide great opportunities for the entrepreneurial. This study aims to reveal the level of implementation of ICT strategies, the role of government influence on the development of business, industry conditions as well as the existing value chain in the interactive games industry. Type of research conducted by descriptive research, qualitative analysis was based on the findings of desk research / literature, interview sources, and the researcher's own knowledge. Level of subjectivity can be minimized with the help of quantitative analysis and the selection of competent resource persons in the field interviews. Secondary data obtained from the creative economy planning books in 2025, which was published by the Ministry of Commerce of the Republic of Indonesia. Based on the research results, it is concluded that the implementation of ICT strategies by entrepreneurs in the interactive games industry is still less, and this is partly because in general the industry is still small-scale and micro enterprises, mash the industry is relatively new in the world of business, and entrepreneurs are still concentrating the creation, production, and distributio, commercialization are being developed. In general, interactive games industry is growing. In the future, need to research business model and business strategy, so it would complement the models developing strategy in the game interactive industry.

  19. Development blocks in innovation networks: The Swedish manufacturing industry, 1970-2007.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taalbi, Josef

    2017-01-01

    The notion of development blocks (Dahmén, 1950, 1991) suggests the co-evolution of technologies and industries through complementarities and the overcoming of imbalances. This study proposes and applies a methodology to analyse development blocks empirically. To assess the extent and character of innovational interdependencies between industries the study combines analysis of innovation biographies and statistical network analysis. This is made possible by using data from a newly constructed innovation output database for Sweden. The study finds ten communities of closely related industries in which innovation activity has been prompted by the emergence of technological imbalances or by the exploitation of new technological opportunities. The communities found in the Swedish network of innovation are shown to be stable over time and often characterized by strong user-supplier interdependencies. These findings serve to stress how historical imbalances and opportunities are key to understanding the dynamics of the long-run development of industries and new technologies.

  20. Research and Development Financing in the Renewable Energy Industry in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muriel de Oliveira Gavira

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available In the last decades, the Brazilian government has put many public policies in place in order to create a favourable environment to promote energy efficiency and clean energy. In this paper we discuss the use of research and development financing support by the clean energy industry in Brazil. To do so, we carried out an empirical research analysing secondary data from legislation, literature case studies, and public and industry reports in order to determine if the companies of the clean energy industry have public financial support to research and development. Our ongoing research shows that, despite incentives to stimulate the dissemination of clean energy, the participation of some of the clean energy is very small (especially solar. We believe that the contributions of this study will assist policy makers, and the whole industry, to improve clean energy research and development investments in Brazil.

  1. Innovation in the function of growth and development of tourism industry in tourism market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mllićević Snežana

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In an era of intense competition, the tourism industry must continually search for new creative ideas to meet the needs of different consumer segments in order to ensure their loyalty. Innovations are a very important factor in the competitiveness of the tourism market, for individual tourism enterprises, so as well as for whole tourism destinations. All segments of the tourism industry must continuously innovate their tourism offer to ensure distinctiveness and market differentiation against the competition. The aim of this paper is to indicate, through practical examples in the tourism industry, especially in the hotel industry and the air transport industry, the role and importance of innovation in tourism. Development and application of new ideas has become a necessity in modern conditions of tourism business.

  2. Technical overview of cogeneration: the hardware, the industries, the potential development

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1977-12-01

    Because the by-product heat from a power-conversion process is captured for productive use in a cogeneration system, instead of exhausted to the environment as it is in a conventional power plant, cogeneration represents an important energy-conservation technique. By cogenerating, an industrial plant can save the fuel that would have been needed to produce the amount of heat captured. Recognizing the significant energy-savings potential offered by cogeneration, DOE has undertaken a major R, D, and D program to investigate and promote cogeneration in industry. Resource Planning Associates, Inc. (RPA), has been working to accomplish four of the program's objectives: (1) survey current, near state-of-the-art, and future cogeneration equipment, and identify any gaps or deficiencies; (2) characterize the energy requirements of the manufacturing sectors of five of the country's most energy-intensive industries - chemical, petroleum refining, paper and pulp, textiles, and food; (3) identify principal targets for, and barriers to, the increased market development of cogeneration systems; and (4) estimate the potential maximum and the probable energy savings that could be achieved in the five selected industries through cogeneration. In investigating cogeneration hardware, three specific technologies - steam turbines, gas turbines, and diesel engines - were emphasized. It is estimated that the widespread application of cogeneration technology in the five industries studied could result in a maximum potential savings of 2.4 million barrels of oil equivalent per day (or a maximum incremental capacity of 140,000 MWe) by 1985.

  3. PERAN PROGRAM STUDI TEKNIK PANGAN (FOOD ENGINEERING) UNTUK MENUNJANG PEMBANGUNAN INDUSTRI PANGAN DI INDONESIA [The Roles of Engineering fot the Development of Agro Industries in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Suhargo; Budi Rahardjo

    2005-01-01

    At this time more than 60 % of Indonesian population still depend on the agricultural sector. Accordingly, in future agro and food industries are expected to be the main steppingstone for the economic development in Indonesia. In order to make the agricultural products competitive in the global market; it is necessary that the development of food or agro industries is supported by technology especially in the food product development and their processing. The food product development consist ...

  4. Research on the competitiveness and development strategy of china's modern coal chemical industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Q.; Han, Y. J.; Yu, Z. F.

    2016-08-01

    China's modern coal chemical industry has grown into a certain scale after over a decade of development, and remarkable progress has been made in key technologies. But as oil price collapsed since 2015, the economic benefit of the industry also slumped, with loud controversies in China over the necessity of modern coal chemical industry. The research believes that the modern coal chemical industry plays a positive role in the clean and sustainable exploitation of coal in China. It makes profit when oil price is no lower than 60/bbl, and outperforms petrochemical in terms of cost effectiveness when the price is between 60/bbl and 80/bbl. Given the low oil price and challenges posed by environmental protection and water restraints, we suggest that the state announce a guideline quickly, with adjusted tax policies and an encouragement to technological innovation, so that the modern coal chemical industry in China can grow sound and stable.

  5. Trends in the Development of China’s Aviation Industry

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    The Chinese leadership has identified the aviation industry as a strategic priority. This policy brief assesses progress in China’s aviation industry, with a focus on 2009–2010. A review of major developments in China’s civilian and military aircraft programs reveals a trend in China’s approach to advancing its aviation industry: dependence on foreign partnerships alongside investment in indigenous research and development. It remains to be seen if this hybrid techno-globalist and tec...

  6. Global product development interaction between local networks: A study of the Danish food industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Preben Sander

    A study of the Danish foods industry shows that producers of food products largely ignore home marekt demand in their product development activities. They have built up and maintain development of end-user products in interaction with customers in distant sophisticated markets. Concurrently......, the Danish agro-industrial complex has been singled out in other studies as a paradigmatic example of how crucial a sophisticated home demand is for the development of an industrial complex. The apparen contradiction arises from the complex's ability to utilize a complemntarity between companies' equidistant...... view of actors in the global end-user customer market and companies' euclidean view of actors in thelocal business-to-business market. In pr companies combine these two market views by interacting in networks: The global industrial network links various functions which again are each part of a local...

  7. The Garment Industry Development Corporation: A Case Study of a Sectoral Employment Development Approach. Sectoral Employment Development Learning Project Case Studies Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conway, Maureen

    The Garment Industry Development Corporation (GIDC) was founded in 1984 by a 3-member partnership that included the local union, industry associations, and local government. GIDC's goal was to support New York City's garment industry, which had been steadily losing jobs. GIDC exhibits the following characteristics of sectoral initiatives: it…

  8. Evaluation of the Economical and Intensive Use of Industrial Land in Chizhou Economic and Technological Development Zone

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Rui; LIU

    2014-01-01

    Based on the subdivision of industrial land in Chizhou Economic and Technological Development Zone,this paper builds the evaluation indicator system for the economical and intensive use of industrial land in the development zone,to analyze the current situation of economical and intensive use of industrial land. The results show that the levels of economical and intensive use of industrial land vary in the development zone; the factors affecting the intensive degree of various industries also vary; the industry in Chizhou Economic and Technological Development Zone is still in the transition phase from inefficient use to low level of use to intensive use.

  9. Systems strategies for developing industrial microbial strains

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lee, Sang Yup; Kim, Hyun Uk

    2015-01-01

    Industrial strain development requires system-wide engineering and optimization of cellular metabolism while considering industrially relevant fermentation and recovery processes. It can be conceptualized as several strategies, which may be implemented in an iterative fashion and in different...... performance under industrial fermentation conditions. These challenges can be overcome by taking systems approaches through the use of state-of-the-art tools of systems biology, synthetic biology and evolutionary engineering in the context of industrial bioprocess. Major systems metabolic engineering...

  10. Industrial development of long chain paraffin (n-C10-C13) dehydrogenation catalysts and the deactivation characterization

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    He, Songbo; Wang, Bin; Dai, Xihai; Sun, Chenglin; Bai, Ziwu; Wang, Xiao; Guo, Qi

    2015-01-01

    Pt–Sn–K–Mg/Al2O3 catalysts for the dehydrogenation of long chain paraffins (n-C100–C130) were successfully developed and applied in the industry. The catalysts were tested on both the industrial side fixed bed reactor and the industrial PACOL dehydrogenation plant. The industrially deactivated Pt–Sn

  11. Economic development and multiple air pollutant emissions from the industrial sector.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fujii, Hidemichi; Managi, Shunsuke

    2016-02-01

    This study analyzed the relationship between economic growth and emissions of eight environmental air pollutants (carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), nitrogen oxide (NOx), sulfur oxide (SOx), carbon monoxide (CO), non-methane volatile organic compound (NMVOC), and ammonia (NH3)) in 39 countries from 1995 to 2009. We tested an environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) hypothesis for 16 individual industry sectors and for the total industrial sector. The results clarified that at least ten individual industries do not have an EKC relationship in eight air pollutants even though this relationship was observed in the country and total industrial sector level data. We found that the key industries that dictated the EKC relationship in the country and the total industrial sector existed in CO2, N2O, CO, and NMVOC emissions. Finally, the EKC turning point and the relationship between economic development and trends of air pollutant emissions differ among industries according to the pollution substances. These results suggest inducing new environmental policy design such as the sectoral crediting mechanism, which focuses on the industrial characteristics of emissions.

  12. Biotechnological industries in Russia and in the world: typology and development

    OpenAIRE

    Kudriavtceva Olga Vladimirovna; Iakovleva Ekaterina Iurevna

    2014-01-01

    This paper includes analysis of typologies of biotechnological industries which are used by Russian business and by scientists, who study biotechnological markets. In the next part we show the dynamic of the biotechnology industries classifications used in the international practice and the literature from 2003 to the present time. In conclusion, we propose the new typology of biotechnologies developing in Russia. It is built on the principle of input-output model. The aim of this typology is...

  13. Use of innovative control systems in maintenance of a sustainable development of the industrial enterprise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Instability of the economic environment causes of increase of adaptive characteristics of the enterprise that leads to introduction of the advanced innovative control systems. Innovative management assumes accumulation of the newest tools of the operation of business applied in world practice. The problem of the manager in this case consists in formation of such industrial system which will provide a sustainable development of the industrial enterprise in the long-term period.

  14. THE PROGNOSIS OF RUSSIAN DEFENSE INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENT IMPLEMENTED THROUGH REGRESSION ANALYSIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.M. Kapustina

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available The article illustrates the results of investigation the major internal and external factors which influence the development of the defense industry, as well as the results of regression analysis which quantitatively displays the factorial contribution in the growth rate of Russian defense industry. On the basis of calculated regression dependences the authors fulfilled the medium-term prognosis of defense industry. Optimistic and inertial versions of defense product growth rate for the period up to 2009 are based on scenario conditions in Russian economy worked out by the Ministry of economy and development. In conclusion authors point out which factors and conditions have the largest impact on successful and stable operation of Russian defense industry.

  15. Chaos theory perspective for industry clusters development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Haiying; Jiang, Minghui; Li, Chengzhang

    2016-03-01

    Industry clusters have outperformed in economic development in most developing countries. The contributions of industrial clusters have been recognized as promotion of regional business and the alleviation of economic and social costs. It is no doubt globalization is rendering clusters in accelerating the competitiveness of economic activities. In accordance, many ideas and concepts involve in illustrating evolution tendency, stimulating the clusters development, meanwhile, avoiding industrial clusters recession. The term chaos theory is introduced to explain inherent relationship of features within industry clusters. A preferred life cycle approach is proposed for industrial cluster recessive theory analysis. Lyapunov exponents and Wolf model are presented for chaotic identification and examination. A case study of Tianjin, China has verified the model effectiveness. The investigations indicate that the approaches outperform in explaining chaos properties in industrial clusters, which demonstrates industrial clusters evolution, solves empirical issues and generates corresponding strategies.

  16. Towards a Joint Action Plan for Research and Development in the Offshore Wind Service Industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Per Dannemand; Piirainen, Kalle A.; Clausen, Niels-Erik

    The poster presents a joint action plan (JAP) for research and development and innovation (RDI) in the offshore wind service industry in Denmark, Germany,Norway and the UK. Offshore wind servicing (OWS) is in this context defined as both assembly and installation of offshore wind farms as well...... levelized cost of energy. Hence, reducing the cost of OWS is a major challenge for the wind industry. Furthermore, the North Sea is currently the most important site for offshore wind installations, and industry clusters based on OWSare emerging in regions around the North Sea.The JAP is a result...

  17. The development of public and private construction procurement systems in the Malaysian construction industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mastura Jaafar

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available As demand on building construction projects rises, various procurement methods have been adapted to suit with unique project requirements. However, poor industry performance and rapid developments within it indicate the need for a research on the procurement systems in the industry. In order to explore the development of procurement systems in Malaysia, a discussion on different economic phases which influence the routes of procurement systems and its evolution in Malaysia's construction industry is initiated. Subsequently, based on a questionnaire survey collected from 73 public and 68 private parties, the significant and dominant role of traditional procurement system used by both the public and private sectors in Malaysia can be confirmed. Further, compared to the public sector, the private sector is observed to be more aggressive in adapting alternative systems such as design and build (D&B and Turnkey. Further elaboration on the research findings is covered in the discussion section.

  18. Co-development in the food industry: Status and potential advantages

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Johanne R.; Harmsen, Hanne

    The food industry is faced with new challenges. The need for fast solutions and convenience - and thus more complex products - is increasing as e.g. demographics and the every-day life of food consumers are changing. Companies have to break down traditional barriers to allow room for a new best...... practice - co-development. Co-development gives the involved companies competitive advantages in the face of product imitation and globalization issues. An empirical study in the Danish food industry was performed to uncover tendencies in co-development activities and the potential for further development...

  19. Development of biological oxygen demand biosensor for monitoring the fermentation industry effluent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verma, Neelam; Singh, Ashish Kumar

    2013-01-01

    A biosensor was developed for the determination of BOD value of fermentation industry effluent. The developed biosensor was fabricated by immobilizing the microbial consortium on cellulose acetate (CA) membrane in close proximity to a DO probe electrode. The microbial consortium was harvested from the fermentation industry effluent. The BOD biosensor was calibrated by using a solution containing the equivalent amount of glucose/glutamic acid (GGA) as a standard sample solution. The response time was optimized by immobilizing different concentrations of cell biomass on CA membrane. Once the response time was optimized, it was used for determination of BOD of fermentation industry effluent. For analysis of fermentation industry effluent, the response time was observed 7 minutes with detection limit 1 mg/L. Good linear range with GGA standard solution was observed, R (2) 0.99 with relative standard deviation (RSD) <%. The observed BOD value by biosensor showed a good comparison with the conventional method for the determination of BOD.

  20. Strategic Analysis on the Development and Industrialization of Fuel Efficient Tires

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jiang Qi

    2011-01-01

    I. Industrial Background Environmental Protection Tire for Energy-Saving Development With the background of global warming and environmental protection concern, the low-carbon economy based on low ener- gy consumption, low emission and low pollution is gradually be- coming the hot spot of the global economic development. In or- der to develop low-carbon economy, the European and Ameri- can developed countries have set out laws or regulations (for in- stance, EU Tire Labeling System) to promote the "low-carbon revolution" with energy conservation, environmental protection and emission reduction as the core, focus on the development of "low-carbon technology", make significant policy adjustment in industry, energy, technology and trade, and have seized the com- manding height of emerging industries of strategic importance and obtained the advantages in the market demands of the devel- oped countries.

  1. The elements of innovative management in a financially sustainable development of industrial enterprises

    OpenAIRE

    Yeletskyh Svitlana Yakivna

    2014-01-01

    The aim of the article. At the present stage of economic development it becomes evident that the financial security of a country can be achieved only by ensuring financial stability of such its components as industries, industrial complexes, enterprises and organizations. The financial stability of each separate enterprise allows the whole country’s economic system not only to keep its potential, but also ensure further economic growth. Objective of the article is to determine components o...

  2. SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND CHINESE TOURISM INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Luo, Yan

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available With the fast growth of Chinese tourism industry, sustainable development catches more and more attention of professionals. Starting from the basic concept of sustainable development, this paper, using China as examples, analyzes the inter-impact of sustainable development and tourism industry in different aspects. Strategies to improve sustainability of one of famous Chinese tourism destination are introduced.

  3. The development of Industrial Psychology at South African Universities: A historical overview and future perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Dries M. G. Schreuder

    2001-01-01

    Over the past 100 years, Industrial Psychology has developed into a viable discipline that has meaningfully contributed to society's knowledge of work behaviour. This has improved the effectiveness of organisations and has increased the job performance of individuals and groups. The world is in a transitional phase, with organisations finding themselves on the edge of chaos. Industrial psychologists must be ready to help organisations to survive in these uncertain times. It will probably be e...

  4. Exploitation of Wild Flowers and the Sustainable Development of Flowers Industry in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HONG Li; PANG Songling; ZHUO Lihuan

    2008-01-01

    This article introduced the new methods on the research of the wild flowers and plants idioplasmic resources, elaborated the introduction and domestication and exploitation of wild flowers and plants idioplasmatic resources and the sustainable development of flowers and plants industry in China, and put forward some proposals on the existing question and the prospects for the development.

  5. Stakeholders’ analysis of the medical tourism industry: development strategies in Isfahan

    OpenAIRE

    Jabbari, Alireza; Ferdosi, Masoud; Keyvanara, Mahmoud; Agharahimi, Zahra

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: Policy makers and decision makers must identify the stakeholders in medical tourism, who will be affected by and/or affect this industry, and determine their status for partnership. The aim of this study was to identify the main stakeholders in Isfahan's medical tourism, analyze them, and provide strategies for developing this industry. Materials and Methods: A qualitative study was conducted in 2011. At first, the key stakeholders in medical tourism were identified in accordanc...

  6. Omnichannel Development within the Swedish Fashion Retail Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Ejnarsson, August

    2016-01-01

    Omnichannel is the latest shift in retail which is driven by new technological advancements and changes in customer behaviors. In order to stay competitive retailers are required to integrate their sales and communication channels and deliver a seamless shopping experience to the customers. To create the omnichannel experience both organizational change and consolidation of several ICT components are required, which put a lot of pressure on the retailing organizations. This study examines the...

  7. The Lead and Zinc Industry Development in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    <正>Estimation shows that the world primary lead mine production in 2005 will be 4.8 million tons and the secondary lead production will be 1.7 million tons. The total production of refined lead is estimated to be around 6.9 million tons and the total consumption will be around 7 million tons with about 100,000 tons of short supply. Among the total output, China’s pri-

  8. Study on the possibilities of dedicated CAD applications development for the furniture industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ioan Mocian

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the results of a research for finding the best solutions to design and develop the CAD applications for the furniture industry. The solutions considered exclude the use of complementary software such as AutoCAD, Inventor or SolidWorks, the main target being stand-alone, cheap and easy to use solutions. The paper presents concepts of components typing in the furniture industry and thepossibilities to construct complex combinations of furniture using these typed components. A dedicated application for designing certain types of bookshelves is also presented. The application is stand-alone and it was written in the object oriented programming language VB.NET. The study has been carried out with partners from the furniture industry, whose opinions and views on this matter were of great help.

  9. On the Regional Coordinated Development Between Tourism Human Resource and Tourism Industry in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wu Jun

    2012-01-01

    Tourism is one of the typical labor intensive industries and tourism human resource (HR) is the main factor for regional discrepancy of tourism industry. The paper takes China as research region and evaluates the level of tourism HR and the level of tour- ism industry of 31 provinces respectively. First, the paper con- structs evaluation index of regional tourism industry and tourism HR. Then, the paper gets the evaluation scores of every province by applying the principal components analysis and statistical pack- age for the social sciences processing. Second, the paper builds the tourism development-tourism HR matrix and divides the matrix into four quadrants. Finally, the paper points out the problems of tourism HR that exist in the 31 provinces and puts forward devel- opment strategy.

  10. Sustainable Development and Spatial Distribution of Industries

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ShengYi

    2005-01-01

    At the cost of overdrawing from the environment, spatial distribution of industries takes promoting the economic growth as goal and makes the overload of industries coexist with the unreasonable arrangement in some areas, which is unable to satisfy the demand of sustainable development. To change the present development model, the spatial distribution of industries must coordinate with the environmental bearing capacity. The present practice we take to change resources distribution to meet the existing arrangement of industries will bring incredible calamitous consequence to the development in the future. To make industry's arrangement coordinate with ecological environment, and to adopt the method similar to “arranging along the rivers” should become the guidefines of spatial distribution of industries.

  11. Development of catalytic hydrogenation reactors for the fine chemicals industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Westerterp, K.R.; Gelder, van K.B.; Janssen, H.J.; Oyevaar, M.H.

    1988-01-01

    A survey is given of the problems to be solved before catalytic hydrogenation reactors can be applied in a multiproduct plant in which selectivity problems are experienced. Some results are reported on work done on the reaction kinetics of two multistep model reactions and on mathematical modelling

  12. Development of catalytic hydrogenation reactors for the fine chemicals industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Westerterp, K.R.; van Gelder, K.B.; Janssen, H.J.; Oyevaar, M.H.

    1988-01-01

    A survey is given of the problems to be solved before catalytic hydrogenation reactors can be applied in a multiproduct plant in which selectivity problems are experienced. Some results are reported on work done on the reaction kinetics of two multistep model reactions and on mathematical modelling

  13. Method æ, the agile software development method tailored for the pharmaceutical industry.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hajou, A.; Batenburg, R.S.; Jansen, S.

    2015-01-01

    Agile software development methods have a high adoption rate due to their proven business benefits. Its success has not yet been identified in the pharmaceutical industry, due to the industry’s incompatibility with generic agile methods. Comprehensive research has been done to engineer a tailored ag

  14. Method æ, the agile software development method tailored for the pharmaceutical industry.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hajou, A.; Batenburg, R.S.; Jansen, S.

    2015-01-01

    Agile software development methods have a high adoption rate due to their proven business benefits. Its success has not yet been identified in the pharmaceutical industry, due to the industry’s incompatibility with generic agile methods. Comprehensive research has been done to engineer a tailored

  15. Applied and industrial activities at the ESRF: Present status and future development

    CERN Document Server

    Doucet, J

    2003-01-01

    Be it proteins, new superconductors, polymers or ferro-magnetic compounds, fundamental research is laying foundations for possible technical applications as well as industrial exploitation. At the ESRF, industrial companies can be involved in two main ways, depending on the type of research they are interested in. The first concerns beam time allocation for non-proprietary and fully-published research, the procedure is the same as for public laboratories. The second concerns the proprietary research, for which a fee is charged and where results are kept confidential. The use of synchrotron radiation for the characterisation of materials is certain to play a crucial role in the development of new materials in the close future. It is a policy of the ESRF that European industry should share the benefit of its facilities. A survey of the today industrial activity at the ESRF and of its perspective in near future is presented.

  16. Review on the Trend for Development of World's Petroleum Refining Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Shude

    2007-01-01

    This article introduces the situation related with the increasingly deteriorating crude quality,the demand for cleaner transportation fuels and clean production processes that the world's petroleum refining industry is faced with.This article also suggests that the trend for future development of global refining industry is focused on the economy of scale for the refineries and the oil processing units,the refining structure readjustment,integration of the oil refining and chemical production and formation of Oil refining bases.The oil refining industry will uninterruptedly rectify its industry allocation and processing unit configuration and strive for the reduction of production cost through technical progress and management innovations to reduce the production cost,boost the profitability and sharpen the market competitive edge.

  17. Revisiting the Utility of Industrial Sociology in National Development ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    PROMOTING ACCESS TO AFRICAN RESEARCH ... Although some scholars have discussed some contributions of sociology in the emerging ... governance and leadership, human resource management, privatisation and deregulation, ... Browse By Country · List All Titles · Open Access Titles This Journal is Open Access.

  18. Industrial Development of Siberia and the Soviet Far East.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-09-01

    21 (This argument is perhaps unintentionally fed by the central leadership’s emphasis on investing in renovation and technical reequipment of...Malov, "Po programme ’ energia ’," Pravda, May 12, 1982, p. 2. " M. Matafonov, "Open up Siberia’s Treasure Houses," Sotsialisticheskaia industriia

  19. Energy Intensity Development of the German Iron and Steel Industry between 1991 and 2007

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Arens, M.; Worrell, E.; Schleich, J.

    2012-01-01

    The iron and steel sector is the largest industrial CO2 emitter and energy consumer in the world. Energy efficiency is key to reduce energy consumption and GHG emissions. To understand future developments of energy use in the steel sector, it is worthwhile to analyze energy efficiency developments o

  20. Where Are the Nanodrugs? An Industry Perspective on Development of Drug Products Containing Nanomaterials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Havel, Henry A

    2016-11-01

    While nanotechnology advancements have been applied to pharmaceutical products, the number of approved nanodrugs by global health authorities has not kept pace with research and development investments in the field. This article reviews the history of nanodrug development and provides an industrial context for realistic expectations in the future.

  1. Transaction costs and technological development: The case of the Danish fruit and vegetable industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foss, Kirsten

    1996-01-01

    It is argued that technological change can be understood in terms of attempts to reduce transaction costs as well as production costs. Two types of paths of technological development are identified: a production cost minimizing path, and a transac cost minimizing path. The creation of new technol...... in addition to the conventional production perspective. The theoretical points are continiuously illustrated by the case of technological development in the Danish fruit and vegetable industry....

  2. Intellectual Organization in the New Model of the Russian Marine Industry Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N.A. Kostrikova

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The role of intellectual organizations in the formation of professional competence, social adaptability and volitional qualities of workers of marine industry is actual in terms of growth of natural and man-made emergency situations, unstable socio-economic environment. In the marine industry, except for the education system and research, such organizations have prospects of development as the most competitive in the shipbuilding, fishing industry, port management, the logistics of fishing in the ocean and coastal fisheries, transport and storage prior to further processing. In this article is proposed a holistic resource approach to the formation of intellectual organization as a major maritime educational complex that integrates all stages of maritime specialist training, from a seaman to a master of a large ship including active research and intense maritime practice.

  3. The UK Casting Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jincheng Liu

    2006-01-01

    The casting production in the UK in 2004 is presented and analysed. The UK casting industry has played an important role in world casting and manufacturing production. However recent years the rapid development of some developing countries has been shifting the casting production from the western industrialized countries including the UK. The UK casting industry and associated research and technology organizations, universities have been working together very hard to face the serious competition to make the UK casting industry have a sustainable future. The UK casting industry remains strong and plays an important role in world casting and manufacturing production.

  4. Rio sambas to research drum[Research and development in the offshore oil industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Flatern, R. von

    2002-09-01

    Perhaps the most published graphic in the oil industry is one that traces the price of oil through time. It is used as an overlay to correlate everything from the history of rig activity levels to predicting coming oil shortages and gluts. In Rio de Janeiro this month during the 17th World Petroleum Congress, Dr Don Paul of ChevronTexaco and Saudi Aramco's Abdulaziz Al-Kaabi used it to illustrate the role research and technology development must play within the oil industry. The author discusses the way the oil industry is spending money on research and development, he explains that in the past 20 years the biggest innovation in the industry has been 3D seismic. The critical strategy for oil business was the adaptation of 3D seismic from another industry which was then moulded for its own needs. The article goes on to describe the importance of the development of a portfolio of research and development.

  5. Development of the System of Investment Support of Projects in the Industrial-Innovative Development of Kazakhstan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doskaliyeva, Bayan B.; Orynbassarova, Yerkenazym D.; Omarkhanov?, Zhibek M.; Karibaev, Yerkebulan S.; Baimukhametova, Ayagul S.

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine specific features of investment regulation mechanism aimed at providing effective implementation of projects in the context of industrial-innovative development of Kazakhstan. There the used the system of general scientific and special research methods providing the possibility to disclose processes and…

  6. Research and development separation technology: The DOE Industrial Energy Conservation Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1987-07-01

    This brochure summarizes the Office of Industrial Programs' RandD efforts in the advancement of separation technology. The purpose of this brochure is to provide interested parties with information on federal industrial energy conservation activities in separation technology. The brochure is comprised of the following sections: Separation Technology, summarizes the current state of separation technology and its uses. Potential Energy Savings, discusses the potential for industrial energy conservation through the implementation of advanced separation processes. Office of Industrial Programs' RandD Efforts in Separation Technology Development, describes the separation RandD projects conducted by IP. RandD Data Base, lists contractor, principal investigator, and location of each separation-related RandD effort sponsored by IP.

  7. The Role and Influence of the Tourism Industry of the Crimean Region on Economic Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. G. Shсhipanova

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: the aim of the article is the role and influence of tourism on the development of the economy at all levels of the economic system (example: Republic of Crimea. The article considers the methodology for analyzing the indices of social and economic growth in the branch of the Republic of Crimea. The role and influence of tourism on the economy is considered. Tasks of the article: analysis of the works of foreign and domestic scientists on the role and influence of tourism on the development of the economy; to conduct an analysis of the sectoral structure of the gross value added of the Russian Federation; describe the growth of socio-economic indicators; identify the stages of the methodology for analyzing the indicators of the social and economic growth of the tourist industry; to give an analysis of indicators characterizing the socioeconomic growth of the tourist industry of the Republic of Crimea; construct the dependence of the amount of declared amounts of investment projects on the number of tourists who visited the Republic of Crimea. Methods: the dialectical method of scientific cognition was applied in studying the role and influence of tourism on the development of the economy, calculation and analytical methods for monitoring, measuring, analyzing and comparing indicators that characterize the social and economic growth of the tourist industry of the Republic of Crimea. Results: in modern conditions, the development of the tourism sector, as a source of sustainable development of the state economy, acquires priority development. The tourism industry has a huge impact on the economy of the region, being the locomotive of the development of many other branches of management and providing non-raw budget receipts. The analysis of the works of foreign and domestic scientists makes it possible to talk about the integrated mechanism of the role and influence of tourism on the development of the economy at all levels of the economic

  8. Developing Technological Capabilities in Agro-Industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Whitfield, Lindsay

    2012-01-01

    This article examines the emergence and trajectory of a new agro-industry in Ghana, the pineapple export industry, using the technological capabilities approach. It explains the limited expansion of the industry and its declining competitiveness in the face of new competition by looking at how...... Ghanaian exporters developed technological capabilities initially and the incentives and disincentives to building on those capabilities. The article argues that at the heart of the industry's crisis was an inability to further develop technological capabilities. The crisis had systemic features that have...

  9. Forecasting global developments in the basic chemical industry for environmental policy analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Broeren, M.L.M.; Saygin, D.; Patel, M.K.

    The chemical sector is the largest industrial energy user, but detailed analysis of its energy use developments lags behind other energy-intensive sectors. A cost-driven forecasting model for basic chemicals production is developed, accounting for regional production costs, demand growth and stock

  10. New Development Trend of Edible Fungus Industry in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    We elaborate support system of edible fungus industry from outlook on ecological economic development, legislation and standardization of variety approval, multiple-function innovation platform of industrial development research, and perfect talent cultivation and education system. Besides, we analyze the development trend of edible fungus industry from competitive advantages, position and role in national food security, industrial development trend driven by internal demand, diversified industrial development model, division of labor within the industry, and expansion of industrial chain. Then, from the point of zoning and planning of edible fungus industry, we put forward suggestions that it should start from modern industrial system and take the industrial cluster development and optimization as guidance. In addition, we present technical innovation direction of industrial development. It is proposed to strengthen propaganda, build industrial cultural atmosphere, and expand social cognition degree of edible fungus industry to promote its redevelopment. Finally, it is expected to promote international influence of edible fungus industry through experts appealing for policy support.

  11. China's Cultural Industry Development in Governments' Eyes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Cai Wu; Wang Taihua; Liu Binjie; Zhang Shaochun

    2009-01-01

    * Cai Wu,Minister of the Ministry of Culture The implementation of the Cultural Industry Promotion Plan will have a very significant impact not just on China's cultural development, but also the entire national economic and social development.

  12. Industrial Development in the EU: Lessons for the Future Member States?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirella Damiani

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyzes the main characteristics and major changes in manufacturing industry in the old EU member states over the past twenty years, in order to draw some lessons for the Southeast European economies in transition, often referred to as the Western Balkans (WBs - Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia. During the last twenty years the more developed EU member states have experienced substantial changes in the structure of their economies, with services becoming the prevalent sector in terms of the most important indicators. Nevertheless, there is great heterogeneity within the EU regarding the contribution of manufacturing to employment and value added. The global financial and economic crisis from late 2008 onwards has revived the debate about the role of industry, its importance for economic growth and for international competitiveness. In this context, there has also been a renewed interest in industrial policy and reindustrialization. The ongoing analysis of trends in the EU could be extremely relevant for the WB countries, since these countries have gone through a process of strong deindustrialization. Given that their level of economic development is still low, manufacturing industry remains indispensable for future economic growth. The EU experience could offer useful guidelines for formulating future policies in this area.

  13. Cleaner metallurgical industry in Serbia: a road to the sustainable development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Panias

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Since the sustainable development has been a global and fundamental objecttive, a metallurgical industrial sector faces some of the most difficult sustainability challenges of any industrial sector. On the other hand, the metallurgical production in Serbia is a very important part of the economy. Due to present facilities and technologies, metallurgical companies face a great challenge to fulfill the requirements introduced by legislature referring to the cleaner production and sustainable development. The state of art in the production, facilities, pollution with some answers to imposed challenges is presented.

  14. Influence of transport infrastructure on the industrial development of the Russian regions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizaveta Eduardovna Kolchinskaya

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective to build a model describing the relationship between the level of transport infrastructure development of the region and the level of industrial development in the region. Methods calculation of the integral indicators of a particular industry development regression analysis method of the production function constructing. For regression analysis the paper uses panel data models with random and fixed effects and the pooled panel data model. To check the quality of the regression model the Fisher and Student ttests were used. To test the model for heteroskedastic properties tests by Park Glazer GoldfeldQuandt and White were applied. Results models of linear and logarithmic specifications with random and fixed effects were built as well as pooled panel data models. Significant coefficients of transport infrastructure indicators were obtained in both cases only in the pooled panel data models. The model which considered the railway density index as one of the characteristics of the transport infrastructure of the region showed the negative coefficient of this variable. Scientific novelty for the first time on the basis of Russian regions statistics using regression models of panel data the dependence has been studied between the level of transport development in the region and the dynamics of industrial production in it. As the characteristic of transport infrastructure development the specially designed integral indicator was used i.e. the transport enterprises and communications functioning in the region summarizing several characteristics of enterprises in the industry. Practical value the obtained results can be used to predict effects of adopting decisions on improving the transport infrastructure in the Russian Federation regions. The results and conclusion can serve as a basis for further research on this topic and be applied in the characterization of the Russian economy. In addition the results can be used in the educational

  15. Development of single-industry towns on the basis of cluster approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V.I. Dubnitskiy

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The possibility of development of one-industry towns of old industrial regions of Ukraine based on cluster approach is investigated in this paper. The system of organizational and economic support of the infrastructure enterprises management is proposed. The main characteristics of clusters, which are factors in the decision on the rehabilitation of depressed areas and towns are highlighted. The aim of the article. The aim of the article is to find out the possibility of clustering at the level of single-industry towns of old industrial regions of Ukraine and to analyze possible influence of these clusters on the development of such towns. The results of the analysis. It should be noted that single-industry town has several different characteristics from poly-industry towns, namely: 1 presence of great dependence of town budget revenues deductions from of township-forming enterprises; 2 there is a great threat to the termination of activity of the township-forming enterprises of one branch, that will directly affect the general state of economy of the town. The single-industry town as the socio-economic system certain has two subsystems of different level of complication: town-forming and town-serving subsystem. If the town-serving enterprises are those that are important for the town and are the basis of the urban economy, than the town-forming enterprises affect the location of this town in the town system. In this case, the town economy as a set of economic relations which arise on the production, distribution, exchange and consumption of material goods and services, contains also the relationships that arise between the two subsystems. In the conditions of expansion of rights concerning self-government of local communications exactly the last relations become the decisive factor of stable development of the town. The classification of the institutional framework of the social and economic infrastructure of the single-industry towns is

  16. The Development of the Renewable Energy Power Industry under Feed-In Tariff and Renewable Portfolio Standard: A Case Study of China’s Photovoltaic Power Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuzhuo Zhang

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Among the regulatory policies, feed-in tariffs (FIT and renewable portfolio standards (RPS are the most popular to promote the development of renewable energy power industry. They can significantly contribute to the expansion of domestic industrial activities in terms of sustainable energy. In this paper, we synthetically consider various important factors with the analysis of the existing literature, and use system dynamics (SD to establish models of long-term development of the renewable energy power industry under FIT and RPS schemes. The model not only clearly shows the complex logical relationship between the factors but also reveals the process of coordination between the two policy tools in the development of the renewable energy power industry. In addition, as an example of development of renewable energy industry, the paper studies the development of China’s photovoltaic power industry under different scenarios. The models proposed in this paper can provide a reference for scholars to study development of the renewable energy power industry in different countries, thereby facilitating an understanding of the renewable energy power’s long-term sustainable development pattern under FIT and RPS schemes, and helping to provide references for policy-making institutions. The results show that in the perfect competitive market, the implementation of RPS can promote long-term and rapid development of China’s photovoltaic power industry given the constraints and actions of the mechanisms of RPS quota proportion, the TGC valid period, and fines, compared with FIT. At the end of the paper, policy implications are offered as references for the government.

  17. Analysis of development of basic characteristics of the dairy industry in the Czech Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renata Kučerová

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with the analysis of changes in the development of basic characteristics of the dairy industry in the Czech Republic, which cohere with the integration of the Czech Republic into the European Union. The attention is paid on size of the market, growth rate, life cycle, development of prices and development of foreign trade. The total domestic consumption reached 2111.1 million litres in 2004. The industry is in the maturity. The excess of supply exists in the industry; the growth rate is low, under 5% per year. The integration of the Czech Republic into the EU didn’t bring about changes in the development of basic characteristics – size of the market, growth rate, and life cycle. The volume of production changed. The total volume of purchase of raw milk for production went down by 1.4% to the value in 2000. And all prices in the product vertical – milk and milk products (prices of agricultural producers, production prices and consumer’s prices rose.The paper is a part of solution of the research plan of the FBE MUAF in Brno, No. MSM 6215648904.

  18. Institutional factors that affect the development of the tourist industry in mazatlan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Rubén Ibarra Martínez

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The present work is a reflection of how the negative social practices that are presents in the coexistence forms of the economic agents, who integrate the tourist industry of Mazatlan, are the determining factor to explain the stagnation that is undergoing the city in the last years. The analysis of this essay was realized under the economic geography approach, which takes into account the specifications of a place to explain its conditions and potentialities for Development.

  19. SYSTEM MANAGEMENT OF DEVELOPMENT THE PROCESSING AGRARIAN AND INDUSTRIAL COMPLEXES ORGANIZATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. V. Briantseva

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Summary. Concepts of development of the processing agrarian and industrial complex organization of a context of management processes from the point of view of system approach are considered. Definition is given to concept "system" as set of elements of qualitative content. Properties of the processing organization as systems are proved: complexity, focus, dynamism, adaptability, equivalence finality, emergency. The main lines of the processing organization as economic system are considered: integrity, hierarchy, focus, ability to development. Features of the processing organization as agrarian and industrial complex subsystems are proved: belonging to the internal environment of agrarian and industrial complex (unambiguous and ambiguous; compliance of technological appointment of the organization and its process elements to the internal environment of agrarian and industrial complex; complexity of structure of the organization uniting diverse elements by means of multidirectional, various and interpenetrating communications. The theoretical description of a strategic objective of system approach to management of the processing organization is given. Сharacterized a role of changes in system management of development of the processing organization. It is shown how system approach in management of the processing agrarian and industrial complex organization allows to increase stability of competitiveness of business.

  20. The present and future program of human resources development to support coal industry in Indonesia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Djajadiningrat, S.T. [Agency of Education and Training on Energy and Mineral Resources (Indonesia). Dept. of Energy and Mineral Resources

    2002-09-01

    Mining industry, especially in oil and gas, is still a prime support to the national economic development of Indonesia. Although mineral and coal industries contribute a smaller portion in term of present government earning, however they create job opportunity and community development program to the people. An abundant reserves and resources of coal is expected to replace the oil role in the future. The demand of coal, as an energy alternative to oil, and of mineral/industrial mineral is gradually increasing significantly in line with the regional and international economic growth. To answer and to anticipate the demand, many efforts have to be taken, including the human resources development. With that thought in mind that Indonesia's coal industry should fulfil the vision of achieving world-class status beyond the year 2010. This will be in terms of productivity, a reputable trade player and supplier in the world coalmarket, and achiever in advocating environmental and safety performance standards. The vision raises some expectations from coal industries to retain or further improve competitiveness domestically and internationally. 1 fig.

  1. The Role of Design Concepts in the Development of Industrial Services

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pekkala, Janne; Ylirisku, Salu

    2017-01-01

    B-to-B industrial manufacturing organisations are moving focus from designing products to services. This transition challenges the management of innovating, which is increasingly collaborative and networked. Organisations need to be able to tackle the related uncertainty in order to prepare, secure......-to-B industrial manufacturing. Eight roles for design concepts are identified in the 11-month study, and these are presented as stories concretising how design concepts functioned. Design concepts were utilised in 1) anticipating future, 2) implementing design, 3) training, 4) engaging in dialogue, 5) setting......, and plan their use of resources. Design concepts are known to have various beneficial roles in product and service development in various development contexts. In this article we study how design concepts were utilised within, and between, three development projects in a Finnish company in the context of B...

  2. IFM – SCIENTIFIC CENTRE OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE UKRAINIAN METALLURGICAL INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BOLSHAKOV V. I.

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The history of creation and development of the Institute of ferrous metallurgy of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences named after Z. I. Nekrasov is regarded in the article. IFM has become the scientific centre of the development of the metallurgical industry of Ukraine. Researches of the outstanding scientists show their significant contribution in the development of the metallurgical science and implementation of their achievements in the production of the metallurgical industry of Ukraine. Analysis of publications. History of the Institute of the ferrous metallurgy is regarded in the fundamental works devoted to the development of the metallurgical industry in Ukraine and in the works published to the jubilee dates of the prominent scientists academicians Z. I. Nekrasov, V. I. Bol’shakov and others. The purpose of the article is to analyze the process of the creation of the Institute and the stages of its development in the 20th and 21st centuries and to define the influence of the economic and political situation in the country upon this process? To regard the role of the outstanding scientists and influence of their achievements on the development of the metallurgical industry of Ukraine. The history of IFM began in 1939 when it was organized in Kharkiv as a part of the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. At the beginning of the Great Patriotic war the Institute was moved to Ufa – the capital of Bashkiria. During the war the scientists of the Institute tried to increase the output of metal and special steels for the defence industry. In 1943 the Institute moved to Moscow and then to Kiev. In 1952 it was decided to move the Institute to Dnepropetrovsk. In order to combine the scientific researches and production of metal. Z. I. Nekrasov was elected Director of the Institute. The departments of the Indtitute were headed by academicians Z. I. Nekrasov, A. P. Chekmariov, K. F. Starodubov, Correspondence Members of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences

  3. PARTICULAR QUALITIES OF INTEGRATIONAL INTERACTION DEVELOPMENT OF THE FOOD INDUSTRY IN UKRAINE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Skopenko

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Integrated structures forming and their development is an effective area of improving the efficiency of agricultural enterprises in general and the food industry in particular. Specific features of this sector determine the feasibility of the priorities of integrational interaction between the food industry enterprieses and other market players. A forecast of integrational interaction of the food industry is made, issues of businesses and efficient tools of integration, depending on the stage of development of the industry are developed. There are some examples. Active integration, expansion by creating separate business units, integration in related field only if there is occurrence of synergy or as part of resource support is appropriate for beverage – energytonik producers, bottled drinking water, frozen food, pastry, organic products manufacturers. For producers of wines, alcoholic drinks, mineral water?flour we suggest horizontal and vertical integration, acquisitions of competitors, participation in various associations (unions, associations, diversification of production. For bread producers and bakery products, oils and fats, dairy and meat products, sugar, confectionery, processed fruit and vegetables we propose horizontal and vertical integration, diversification of production decline, disintegration through the provision or salling of non-core assets. For beer manufacturers and tobacco is urgent to use transnational integration, integration in other industries through the provision of disintegration or selling of non-core assets.

  4. Users Ability to Share Knowledge when Integrated in New Product Development - Evidence from the Pharmaceutical Industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Smed, Marie; Salomo, Søren; Schultz, Carsten

    In technological intensive industries knowledge input from both internal and external sources is crucial (Ahuja 2000,Gulati ét al. 2000, Von Hippel 2005; Thompson 2005). A highly well informed and increasingly recognized source ofknowledge is users of these technological products. By establishing...... and maintaining a close network with key users,firms can tap into unique knowledge, which can be useful in product development processes (Urban and von Hippel1988, Shah 2000, Rothwell 1994). Previous studies have here pointed to the professional capabilities of users, whichmay generate a community of common...... understanding and professional frame of reference with in-house industry staff,which promote knowledge sharing (Wenger and Snyder 2000, Lynn ét. al. 1996, Franke and Shah 2002, Gulati 1998).This stream of literature acknowledge industry?s possibilities to tap into specific knowledge, there is however a gab...

  5. LABOUR SUBCONTRACTING IN THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRIES OF DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: AN ASSESSMENT FROM TWO PERSPECTIVES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jill Wells

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available The practice of employing labour through subcontractors (often referred to as the ‘outsourcing’ of labour is both long established and widespread in the construction industries of developing countries. Recent studies show that it is also increasing in both developing and developed countries. An assessment of the advantages of the practice from the viewpoint of the contractors and of the labour force, suggests it is unlikely to disappear. The paper goes on to explore the implications for the development of the construction industry, as well as for the welfare of the workers and the achievement of broader development objectives. It is concluded that interventions may be needed to deal with some of the negative repercussions, but they have to accept and build on current labour practices.

  6. Innovator Organizations in New Drug Development: Assessing the Sustainability of the Biopharmaceutical Industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kinch, Michael S; Moore, Ryan

    2016-06-23

    The way new medicines are discovered and brought to market has fundamentally changed over the last 30 years. Our previous analysis showed that biotechnology companies had contributed significantly to the US Food and Drug Administration approval of new molecular entities up to the mid-1980s, when the trends started to decline. Although intriguing, the focus on biotechnology necessarily precluded the wider question of how the biopharmaceutical industry has been delivering on its goals to develop new drugs. Here, we present a comprehensive analysis of all biopharmaceutical innovators and uncover unexpected findings. The present biopharmaceutical industry grew steadily from 1800 to 1950 and then stagnated for two decades, before a burst of growth attributable to the biotechnology revolution took place; but consolidation has reduced the number of active and independent innovators to a level not experienced since 1945. The trajectories and trends we observe raise fundamental questions about biopharmaceutical innovators and the sustainability of the drug-development enterprise.

  7. THE DEVELOPMENT OF TOURISM INDUSTRY IN THE KRASNODAR REGION IN THE POST-OLYMPIC PERIOD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Artemova E. I.

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the contemporary development of the tourism industry in the Krasnodar region in the post-Olympic period. We have considered main directions of improving the attractiveness of tourism sector for foreign tourists. There were found the advantages of the touristrecreational base of the Krasnodar region, providing its tourist potential. Sanatorium, resort and tourist complex of the Krasnodar region line with the priorities of social-economic development of Russia and determines the special status of the region in the economy of the country. We have analyzed the dynamics of entry of foreign nationals for the purpose of tourism. There were identified the country with the highest tourist arrivals. We have studied the regulatory-legal framework, regulating tourist activity in the region and considered one of the ways of state regulation of the tourism industry by conducting classification of hotels and other accommodation facilities. The main economic effect from the introduction of a system of classification of hotels is to improve the quality of service, competitiveness and legalization of small accommodation facilities. It emphasizes the uniqueness of Sochi city as a key tourist destination for international tourism promotion not only in the region but also in the country. It presents an overview of the modern state and use of the sports of the Olympic Games, the infrastructure of Sochi, identified tools for promoting inbound tourism. Despite the positive results achieved in the development of the tourism industry in the Krasnodar region, it is necessary to solve a number of tasks to increase the attractiveness of tourism in the region. Thus, the priorities should include: creation of a competitive tourism product, leveling the seasonality factor and provide year-round operation of sports facilities and other infrastructure of Sochi in the postOlympic period

  8. Geoecological evaluation of water industry sludge ponds and developing the techniques of their disposal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chertes Konstantin L'vovich

    Full Text Available Industrial water treatment is accompanied by water industry sludge formation. A great amount of methods of industrial sludge processing and utilization has been developed. Though the majority of such waste is usually being sent to sludge storages. Sludge storages take great areas, which could be practically used, and have a negative impact on the components of geological environment. Though the compositions of such sludge is close to natural soil. The elements of a comprehensive evaluation of water-management sludge ponds as raw-material sources for soil-like recultivation materials using stepwise criteria selection are presented. A comprehensive technique of pre-utilization sludge treatment is developed. The investigation results of the main stages of treatment - dewatering, mineralization, and hardening - are given. The technique offered will enable reducing the costs of the purchase of natural soils for re-cultivation as well as reducing the waste disposal costs.

  9. Development of a job exposure matrix (JEM) for the textile industry in Shanghai, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wernli, Karen J; Astrakianakis, George; Camp, Janice E; Ray, Roberta M; Chang, Chin-Kuo; Li, Gao Dao; Thomas, David B; Checkoway, Harvey; Seixas, Noah S

    2006-10-01

    We developed a job exposure matrix (JEM) for the Shanghai textile industry constructed along three axes: industry sector, textile process, and hazardous agent. We assessed 35 different categories of dust, chemical, and physical agents for 149 textile processes within nine industry sectors: cotton, cotton/synthetic, cotton/other (nonsynthetic), wool, silk, synthetic, mineral, other mixed (e.g., wool and synthetic), and nonproduction. The JEM was constructed from two components: a priori assessment of the textile process by a team of U.S. industrial hygienists, and the prevalence of exposures reported by Chinese industrial hygienists in specific textile processes within the factory. The JEM was applied to an ongoing case-cohort study of cancer in women textile workers. The JEM assessed only dichotomous exposure (ever/never), and could be coupled with cumulative exposure by years of employment. The most common exposures in cotton mills were cotton dust and solvent exposures. Dyeing processes had the highest frequency of exposures, including solvents, acids, bases and caustics, bleaching agents, dyes, dye chemicals and intermediates, and formaldehyde. Only two processes were identified with formaldehyde exposure, beck dyeing and resin finishing. The most prevalent exposures among the subcohort, occurring in more than 60% of the women, were electromagnetic fields, lubricants, and cotton dust. More than one-third of subcohort subjects were also exposed to synthetic fiber dust, and slightly less than one-third of women were exposed to endotoxin. This JEM could be applicable for epidemiologic research in other textile industries.

  10. Towards a Joint Action Plan for Research and Development in the Offshore Wind Service Industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Per Dannemand; Piirainen, Kalle A.; Clausen, Niels-Erik

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents a joint action plan (JAP) for research and development and innovation (RDI) in the offshore wind service industry in Denmark, Germany, Norway and the UK. Offshore wind servicing (OWS) is in this context defined as both assembly and installation of offshore wind farms as well...... for offshore wind installations, and industry clusters based on OWS are emerging in regions around the North Sea. The JAP builds on a mapping (based on desk studies, patent analyses, and bibliometrics) of each of participating region’s existing capabilities, and on an overall strategic orientation and options...... for a innovation. The JAP is built on this foundation together with stakeholders from the four regions, comprising representatives from R&D and education, policy makers and offshore wind industry. Following the workshop, the ECOWindS consortium has been developing the proposed action plan further based...

  11. Nonlinear dynamics and sustainable development of industrial enterprises within the framework of synergetic paradigm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chuprov Sergey

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper considers development of industrial complexes in the context of synergetic paradigm. Contradictions and dynamism of the world and national economies have become the source of incredible changes interfering the work of industrial complexes. Russian industry suffers from the threats that are caused by resource degradation and ruin of the sustainability of industrial enterprises’ work because of external factors. As a background to existing institutional changes in Russia and WTO, the entrance into the world economy globalization disturbs the work of enterprises, which, in turn, can initiate non-linear processes and as a result, fast and sharp reconstructions studied in synergetics. The influence of an information factor on the behavior of industrial enterprises and their stability in the environment of innovative changes and the economy of knowledge is discussed. The results of research obtained in the theory of nonlinear fluctuations are applied in the analysis of stability property in developing economic systems. Therefore, in terms of the catastrophe theory it is possible to discuss dynamic processes of economic evolution within activities of the developing industrial enterprises related to perestroikas and efficiency. It is shown that, from the point of view of the mathematical perestroikas theory, poorly developed enterprises with smaller losses pass into the improved stable state rather than a more advanced enterprises, which stability causes additional difficulties in acquiring a stable effective state. Thus, provided that there is a possible spasmodic, instead of continuous one, transition to the improved stable state, an enterprise will be able to evolve itself while approximating a similar state.

  12. Software development methods and usability: Perspectives from a survey in the software industry in Norway

    OpenAIRE

    Bygstad, B; G. Ghinea; Brevik, E.

    2008-01-01

    This paper investigates the relationship between traditional software development methodologies and usability. The point of departure is the assumption that two important disciplines in software development, one of software development methods (SDMs) and one of usability work, are not integrated in industrial software projects. Building on previous research we investigate two questions; (1) Will software companies generally acknowledge the importance of usability, but not prioritise it in in...

  13. The development of advanced robotics for the nuclear industry -The development of advanced robotic technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Jong Min; Lee, Yong Bum; Park, Soon Woong; Cho, Jae Wan; Lee, Nam Ho; Kim, Woong Ki; Moon, Byung Soo; Lee, Young Jae; Kim, Chang Hoi; Kim, Seung Ho; Hwang, Seok Yong; Kim, Byung Soo; Moon, Jae Sun; Lee, Young Kwang; Choi, Kap Joo [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Taejon (Korea, Republic of)

    1996-07-01

    The comparison study of 3 kinds of stereo camera modules done in this final year of 4 year`s longterm project shows that regenerating characteristics of stereo image of stereo camera using horizontally moving lens axis method is superior to the other two modules. Base on this comparison result, stereo camera module using horizontally moving lens method is developed. Also, stereo-Boom unit, high definition polarized stereo monitor(KAERI-PSM II) and 10.4sec. auto-stereogram TV using parallax barrier method are developed. These developed systems can be used for people involved in extremely hazardous working area to give vivid reality image of work environment. In the recognition and tracking section, auto-vergencing technology using focus fixation and cepstral filter, stereo camera calibration, range measurement technology using stereo camera module are developed. And active target tracking technology is developed also. In the sensing and intelligent control research part, active radioactivity image monitoring unit is developed. The spatial resolution of monitoring unit is 10cm at 1m distance, FOV is 60x40 deg [HXV], and radioactivity detection limit is 1mR/hr. Also, radiation-resistant inspection camera for nuclear facilities is designed. In the intelligent control section, fuzzy control algorithm for obstacle detouring navigation of mobile robot is developed. The smoothing techniques by fuzzy set is adapted to raise the pliability of obstacle detouring navigation of mobile robot. In order to raise robustness of developed fuzzy algorithm, fuzzy control algorithm is applied to `Truck Backer Upper` problem and tuned. (Abstract Truncated)

  14. Industrial Development Opportunity & Trend of Chinese Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang YiTao

    2001-01-01

    @@ While having a great development opportunity, CM faces a great marketing competition when entering to WTO. An important change will take place in CM technology, industry as well as overseas and domestic marketing. The domestic CM industry and marketing tend to be "internationalized” while the foreign herbal and traditional drugs tend to be "CM”. This article aims to explore the opportunity, trend and future of CM by analyzing the present status of CM technology, industry and marketing.

  15. Industrial Development Opportunity & Trend of Chinese Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang; YiTao

    2001-01-01

    While having a great development opportunity, CM faces a great marketing competition when entering to WTO. An important change will take place in CM technology, industry as well as overseas and domestic marketing. The domestic CM industry and marketing tend to be "internationalized” while the foreign herbal and traditional drugs tend to be "CM”. This article aims to explore the opportunity, trend and future of CM by analyzing the present status of CM technology, industry and marketing.  ……

  16. Present state and future prospects of the fermentation industry in the developing countries of Africa: the Nigerian case

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Okafor, N.

    1985-02-01

    Although the developing countries of Africa consume products of the fermentation industry, these are usually imported, mainly from Europe. Where the fermentation industry exists at all it is limited to the beer industry. Even this is planned from Europe, whence the major raw materials are also imported. Shortage of hard currency is however forcing a rethinking of the situation. The ultimate end of this is the indigenisation of the fermentation industry. This involves economic considerations, raw materials to be used, the desirable properties of the micro-organisms to be used, personnel, know-how, and the improvement of the process by research. An indigenous fermentation industry in the developing countries of Africa may not only lead to the local production of well-known fermentation products but may also lead to the industrialization of the manufacture of fermentation products currently produced by small-scale traditional methods. 6 references.

  17. A Conceptual Model for Analysing Management Development in the UK Hospitality Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watson, Sandra

    2007-01-01

    This paper presents a conceptual, contingent model of management development. It explains the nature of the UK hospitality industry and its potential influence on MD practices, prior to exploring dimensions and relationships in the model. The embryonic model is presented as a model that can enhance our understanding of the complexities of the…

  18. The development of e-commerce in terms of virtualization industry

    OpenAIRE

    Pyrog, O. V.; Horyachka, A. I.

    2016-01-01

    The article focuses on the analysis of the virtual economy, global trends in e commerce, market size of e-commerce and the prospects of their development. Innovations in e-commerce, industry 4.0, which is a profitable platform for investments from around the world, are presented.

  19. Technical Progress of Domestic Iron & Steel Industry and Its Influence on the Development of Refractories

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XINGShouwei; LIUJiehua

    2001-01-01

    The quick increase of domestic iron and steel output,the great improvement of steel quality and variety,the improtation of advanced equipment and the diminution and elimination of some backward technology and facilities have brought about great influence on the development of refracetories.In order to meet the technical progress of iron and steel industry,domestic refractories industry has,in the last industry,domestic refractories industry has,in the last decades ,concentrated its efforts on the development and production of new Sialon bonded SiC bricks and micropore carbon blocks for giant blast furnaces;new refractories for coke oven and non-coke iron making furnaces;MgO-C bricks for converters and electric conductive refractories for UHP EAF;refractories for slag splashing technology;and the highy technology-intensive refractories for continuous casting facilities.The paper reviews the great change occurred in the industries of iron-and steel-making and refratories during the last decaldes.

  20. Barriers to the Development of Creative Industries in Culturally Diverse Region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrzej Klimczuk

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to describe the general conditions for the development of creative industries in Podlaskie Voivodship from Poland. This region on the background of the country is characterized by the highest level of cultural diversity and multiculturalism policy. However, there are a number of barriers for the creative industries. First article discusses the regional characteristics and then the basic theoretical approaches and conclusions of the author’s own research. The following sections discuss the conclusions and recommendations for regional policy and management of cultural sector entities that may be relevant also for other culturally diverse regions.

  1. State, Institutions and Industrial Development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauridsen, Laurids Sandager

    's capacity and the nature of politics. Henceforth, the dissertation examines the ability and willingness of the state to design and implement an adequate and coherent set of strategic industrial policies, and the likely impact of such policies on industrial deepening and upgrading in Taiwan and Thailand...... and on the other hand competition from innovators in the advanced capitalist countries. To climb onwards to higher income levels they must deepen and upgrade their industries. The dissertation is based on the assumption that this transition from low to high value-added activities does not take place ‘automatically......' as a result of the working of market forces or of the choices and activities of transnational companies. Hence it examines the role of the state in such late-industrial transformation processes in Taiwan and Thailand. Most scholars have dealt with this issue from the perspective of trade and have studied...

  2. Developing an industry-oriented safety curriculum using the Delphi technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Der-Fa; Wu, Tsung-Chih; Chen, Chi-Hsiang; Chang, Shu-Hsuan; Yao, Kai-Chao; Liao, Chin-Wen

    2016-09-01

    In this study, we examined the development of industry-oriented safety degree curricula at a college level. Based on a review of literature on the practices and study of the development of safety curricula, we classified occupational safety and health curricula into the following three domains: safety engineering, health engineering, and safety and health management. We invited 44 safety professionals to complete a four-round survey that was designed using a modified Delphi technique. We used Chi-square statistics to test the panel experts' consensus on the significance of the items in the three domains and employed descriptive statistics to rank the participants' rating of each item. The results showed that the top three items for each of the three domains were Risk Assessment, Dangerous Machinery and Equipment, and Fire and Explosion Prevention for safety engineering; Ergonomics, Industrial Toxicology, and Health Risk Assessment for health engineering; and Industrial Safety and Health Regulations, Accident Investigation and Analysis, and Emergency Response for safety and health management. Only graduates from safety programmes who possess practical industry-oriented abilities can satisfy industry demands and provide value to the existence of college safety programmes.

  3. Trends in the Development of International Tourism and Imperatives of Modernizing the Tourism Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zeyneb Adamanova

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This article provides a rationale for the significance and explores the characteristics of international tourism. The author establishes that this sector of the global economy has been developing in quite a sustainable fashion, without being affected by substantial differences between various regions around the world. The author discusses groups of stimulating factors and major trends in the development of international tourism at the current stage, including major changes in the tourism product and the operation of the global market of tourism services. The article defines the imperatives of modernizing the tourism industry at the national level.

  4. Pursuing sustainable industrial development through the ecoindustrial parks: three case studies of China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Zhen; Shi, Lei; Hu, Dan; Xu, Yi; Sun, Dezhi

    2010-05-01

    As one branch of industrial ecology, the ecoindustrial park (EIP) concept is being accepted and implemented in many parts of the world. In order to pursue a sustainable industrial development, China's government is forging this concept into a new strategy of industrial development and regional practices. This article aims to depict a picture of current China's experiences on EIP. It first presents two stages of EIP development at national level. Then more details at individual level are provided by three cases studies, that is, Dafeng, Lubei, and Nanhai, in which three points are addressed: (1) the industrial and environmental backgrounds of EIP projects; (2) specific resource sharing; and (3) benefits and challenges in these projects. The case studies show that the government acts as a key role player, facilitating multiple functions in the development of EIP projects. The case studies also suggest that many factors including holistic, economic, social, and technical aspects need to be taken into account to develop a successful EIP project.

  5. THE DEVELOPMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS ON THE URALS INDUSTRIAL ENTERPRISES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.A. Mochalova

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the results of analysis of introduction and development of environmental management systems on the Urals enterprises by mining and smelting industry which was conducted by questioning of their representatives. Object of the research were showing up of positive and negative features in construction of corporative environmental management systems according to recommendations of standards ISO 14000 and comparison of our and foreign experience.

  6. The Effectiveness of the Additional Vocational Education and Staff Development for Industrial Enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y. S. Kalabina

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In the course of the Russian economy modernization, developing the effec- tive system of vocational training and further professional training appears to be the main condition for the dynamic competitive advantage of industrial enterprises. The paper inves- tigates the urgent issue of developing the system of additional vocational training and staff development with the reference to the ever-changing institutional logic controlling the em- ployee – employer relations. The paper presents the review of theoretic approaches to the system of additional vocational training, as well as the economic analysis and estimates of return on investment in different forms of vocational training. The methodological approach to the system efficiency estimation is given along with the factors determining the forma- tion and development of vocational training system. Based on the research findings, the recommendations integrating the staff development policy are given aimed at promoting the effectiveness of the employee – employer relations. 

  7. Development and outlook of Chinese steel industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU; Liu

    2005-01-01

    The fast development of Chinese steel industry has drawn great attention from the world.Market n eeding and technical development are the main driving forces for the rapid development of Chinese steel industry. Based on the discussing of the reasons of its rapid development, the present paper further analyzed the main problems and distance towards the advanced level of international steel industry. It bring forward that Chinese steel industry should enhance the research and development on new generation steel materials and production process to ensure its sustainable development. Through populating the key technologies of syntheses energy saving and water saving to realize the main equipments self-making and establish a new recyclable steel production process.

  8. Soil contamination of heavy metals in the Katedan Industrial Development Area, Hyderabad, India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Govil, P K; Sorlie, J E; Murthy, N N; Sujatha, D; Reddy, G L N; Rudolph-Lund, Kim; Krishna, A K; Rama Mohan, K

    2008-05-01

    Studies on quantitative soil contamination due to heavy metals were carried out in Katedan Industrial Development Area (KIDA), south of Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India under the Indo-Norwegian Institutional Cooperation Programme. The study area falls under a semi-arid type of climate and consists of granites and pegmatite of igneous origin belonging to the Archaean age. There are about 300 industries dealing with dyeing, edible oil production, battery manufacturing, metal plating, chemicals, etc. Most of the industries discharge their untreated effluents either on open land or into ditches. Solid waste from industries is randomly dumped along roads and open grounds. Soil samples were collected throughout the industrial area and from downstream residential areas and were analysed by X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometer for fourteen trace metals and ten major oxides. The analytical data shows very high concentrations of lead, chromium, nickel, zinc, arsenic and cadmium through out the industrial area. The random dumping of hazardous waste in the industrial area could be the main cause of the soil contamination spreading by rainwater and wind. In the residential areas the local dumping is expected to be the main source as it is difficult to foresee that rain and wind can transport the contaminants from the industrial area. If emission to air by the smokestacks is significant, this may contribute to considerable spreading of contaminants like As, Cd and Pb throughout the area. A comparison of the results with the Canadian Soil Quality Guidelines (SQGL) show that most of the industrial area is heavily contaminated by As, Pb and Zn and local areas by Cr, Cu and Ni. The residential area is also contaminated by As and some small areas by Cr, Cu, Pb and Zn. The Cd contamination is detected over large area but it is not exceeding the SQGL value. Natural background values of As and Cr exceed the SQGL values and contribute significantly to the contamination in the residential area

  9. An Investigation and Report on the Present Status and Development of Cultural Industries in the Qiang Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIANG Bin

    2014-01-01

    “Cultural industries”, as an e-merging industry with high added value , has be-come a pillar industry in many developed countries and regions .In recent years , China has been ac-tively promoting cultural industry development poli-cies.Concerning the present development of cul-tural industries in China , the cultural industries in the coastal regions developed very rapidly , and their proportion within the national economy has become higher and higher .However , the cultural industries in the western ethnic regions have lagged relatively behind .Therefore , the gap between the eastern and western regions is quite large .Thus, the question of how to accelerate the development of cultural industries in the western ethnic regions , not only relates to the national development strate-gy for cultural industries , but also relates to the e-conomic development , social stability and ethnic cultural inheritance of the western region .Conse-quently , a project team composed of four people , went to the Qiang region in February 2012 , and conducted a detailed survey on the status of the de-velopment of cultural industries in the Qiang areas during 2011.This was done so as to find out exist-ing problems and deficiencies , put forward corre-sponding suggestions for improving the development of the Qiang area's cultural industries , and provide references based upon experience for the develop-ment of cultural industries in other ethnic areas of the western region .The Qiang area mentioned in this survey report includes the main counties where the Qiang are concentrated , such as Wenchuan , Maoxian, Lixian, Mianyang, and Beichuan of Si-chuan province .

  10. Greening industry without enforcement? An assessment of the World Bank's pollution regulation model for developing countries

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Rooij, B.

    2010-01-01

    The best comparative and overview source now available for knowledge about pollution regulation in developing countries is the 2000 World Bank policy research report called Greening Industry. The World Bank finds that there is a new model for pollution regulation in lower- and middle-level income

  11. The changing industry structure of software development for consumer electronics and its consequences for software architectures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hartmann, Herman; Trew, Tim; Bosch, Jan

    During the last decade the structure of the consumer electronics industry has been changing profoundly. Current consumer electronics products are built using components from a large variety of specialized firms, whereas previously each product was developed by a single, vertically integrated

  12. HOW TO MANAGE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN OIL INDUSTRY: THE CASE OF OMV PETROM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MARIUS BULEARCA

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available As exploration and exploitation of oil and gas deposits continue to be among the most polluting industrial activities, this paper deals with revealing the way OMV Petrom, a major oil company from Romania, cope with these issues aiming at protecting the environment and ensuring safe and efficient operations in order to achieve sustainable development and constant growth.

  13. Greening industry without enforcement? An assessment of the World Bank's pollution regulation model for developing countries

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Rooij, B.

    2010-01-01

    The best comparative and overview source now available for knowledge about pollution regulation in developing countries is the 2000 World Bank policy research report called Greening Industry. The World Bank finds that there is a new model for pollution regulation in lower- and middle-level income co

  14. [PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY AND PERSONALIZED MEDICINE: A PARADIGM SHIFT IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF NEW DRUGS].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scheen, A J

    2015-01-01

    The cost of pharmacotherapy is increasing in the health care budget. The pharmaceutical industry is facing the exhaustion of medications that are largely prescribed and have a high profitability (blockbusters). Because of patient heterogeneity, there is a great interindividual variability of the responses to drug therapy. Thus, it is essential to better detect potential to avoid waste of resources resulting from the prescription of expensive drugs to poor responders. The development of personalized medicine, or precision medicine, certainly offers opportunities to the pharmaceutical industry, but also exposes it to new big challenges.

  15. PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS OF CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENT IN RUSSIA IN THE CONDITIONS OF ECONOMIC CRISIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nidziy Elena Nikolaevna

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The construction industry is one of the key fund-creating industries, the formation of the Russian economy greatly depends on it. The construction sector is cyclic, that’s why it has always been sensitive to the tendencies of the national economy. In the contemporary conditions of weak economical climate the construction industry is in a state of sluggish recession. The key indicators exercising restraining influence on the construction complex are analyzed. The author carried out calculations of the prices for residential real estate in the past years. The author’s view on the near-term prospects on the exit from recession state is formulated. From the view of the today’s state and the nearest development prospects, it can be stated that the construction industry is one of the most problematic among the basic economic sectors. Retrieval of the expansion rate of the construction industry is possible in case of the positive changes of general economic state.

  16. Developing a Package Training System for Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Battersby, D. L. N.

    1974-01-01

    The hotel and catering industry is one of Great Britain's largest. A packaged training system has been developed to satisfy the needs of this industry, an ever-growing occupational field with multiple categories. The material provided in each package outlines short pieces of instruction and helps the trainer create appropriate training. (DS)

  17. Rice industrial economy and its development strategy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qing Xianguo

    2003-01-01

    On the basis of the analysis of the present situation of food grain and rice production in China,countering the beginning tendency to neglect rice production because of rice grain structural surplus and low market price after China's agriculture entering the new development stage,this paper putsforward the concept of rice industrial economy,explains its attribute,connotation,key factors,etc,forms the basic idea of developing the rice industrial economy,and suggests some strategic measures such as regionalized layout of rice production,etc.to develop the rice industrial economy.

  18. Electricity industry development trends and the environmental programs in the Czech Republic

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Karas, P. [CEZ, Prague (Czechoslovakia)

    1995-12-01

    The process of industrialization in the Czech Republic, which is more intensive than in other parts of central Europe, has been under way since the mid-nineteenth century. Over the last 40 years, large-scale industrial activity was based on extensive use of domestic primary energy sources, especially brown-coal/lignite. The escalation of this usage inflicted heavy devastation to large portions of industrial zones and, as a result, worsened living conditions through atmospheric pollution and other environmental impacts in large regions of central Europe. The Czech electricity industry and CEZ, a.s. (the nation`s principal electricity generator, responsible for meeting eighty percent of national electricity demand, and operator of the nationwide EHV transmission system) has been challenged to cope with all environmental issues by the end of 1997, in compliance with the strict limits set by the Clean Air Act of 1991, which are comparable to standard implemented in advanced industrial countries. A review of the critical environmental issues is presented and the role of the individual and of the State is analyzed. The approach of CEZ, a.s., towards a better natural environment and its response to legal environment provisions have been incorporated into the company`s development program. It comprises decommissioning the most obsolete fossil-fuel fired power stations; rehabilitation of thermal power plants; supplementing the coal/lignite-fired units selected for future operation with FGD systems and retrofitting them with DENOX equipment; a larger share of nuclear electricity generation after the completion of the Temelin NPP (2 units of 1000MW each) and, last but not least, initiating DSM (demand-side management) programs of energy-electricity savings in the Czech Republic.

  19. Viewing the strategic development of China’s industrial construction based on the experience of Germany

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dapeng Yang

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available China’s industrial construction has several problems and the experience of German industrialization can inspire China significantly to come out with the solutions. Based on the case study of Ruhr, this paper makes comparison between the industrial construction of China and Germany, and also proposes several suggestions to speed up the construction of China’s industrial power including infrastructure, policies, introduction of foreign capital, and promotion of scientific research and education investment.

  20. Development of Tourism and the Tourist Industry in India: A Case Study of Uttarakhand

    OpenAIRE

    Nakajo, Akihito

    2017-01-01

    This paper aims to clarify the regional characteristics of the development of tourism accompanying economic growth in India and the tourist industry using development in the Kumaon region of Uttarakhand. The state of Uttarakhand is known as a Himalayan hill resort area with various tourism resources, such as hillside summer retreats in regions with beautiful lakeside scenery and views of year-round snow of the Himalayan Mountains, Hindu pilgrimage sites and so on. In particular, the developme...

  1. The Large Laboratory Course: Organize It to Parallel Industrial Process Development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eckert, Roger E.; Ybarra, Robert M.

    1988-01-01

    Describes a senior level chemical engineering course at Purdue University that parallels an industrial process development department. Stresses the course organization, manager-engineer contract, evaluation of students, course evaluation, and gives examples of course improvements made during the course. (CW)

  2. The development of the Czech Republic electric industry - Reliable, safe and responsible source mix

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vrba, Miroslav; Jez, Jiri; Ptacek, Jiri

    2010-09-15

    The paper focuses on the development of the Czech Republic electric industry in close perspective and the prediction of its expected future in period up to 2030. The goal of the paper is to specify methods and procedures applied within periodic assessment of Czech electric power sector balance outlook for the State authorities. A necessity to respect economic recession and politicization of the issue of power sector development has invoked that these items are added to commonly used procedures. A key criterion is the reliable and safe electricity supply by adequate source mix for acceptable prices and environmental aspects.

  3. Model Development Industrial Cluster Coffee Arabica in The District Bangli, Province of Bali

    OpenAIRE

    I Gusti Bagus Udayana

    2015-01-01

    Indonesian coffee commodity is non-oil export commodities the which contributes to the increase of in foreign exchange. The coffee agribusiness development Efforts have been undertaken by the government, but there are still many obstacles, especially in maintaining the quality of products that meet international market standards and continuity of production in accordance with market demand and to support a downstream industry of agricultural production. This research is the development of ind...

  4. Green lead—oxymoron or sustainable development for the lead-acid battery industry?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roche, M.; Toyne, P.

    Because of the toxic characteristics of lead, the lead industry is potentially faced with a significant constriction of its future markets if it fails to satisfy regulators and communities that its products will be dealt with in ways that offer the highest level of safety. Legislation banning various lead products in different countries continues to expand, particularly within Europe. Denmark has banned the use of lead compounds. The lead industry is currently coordinating (through the London-based Lead Development Association International) the voluntary lead risk assessment in Europe. This assessment is providing valuable research data associated with the ecotoxicity of lead. Building on this, and addressing the issue of changing and improving practices associated with lead, the green lead project is being created as a product stewardship initiative of the lead industry.

  5. The Sectorial Code - an inquiry into the contemporary sector development activities in the Danish construction industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jens Stissing

    and incompatible experiences by perceiving them as symptoms of a sectorial malfunction in a way which defines new strategic opportunities or necessities. Concretization signifies processes by which the strategic orientation of the theorized sector representation is turned into experimental activities. Finally...... to be developed and implemented in the industry. Building Lab on the other hand diagnosed the symptoms as the effects of an under modularized production environment characterized by project specific problem solving and short term collaboration that hindered organization specialization and innovation...... optimised in order to facilitate organizational differentiation and company specific learning and capability building based on project independent production and development processes. . The two sector development strategies did however not only differ in concern to the sector representation which informed...

  6. Globalization of the pharmaceutical industry and the growing dependency of developing countries: the case of Turkey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Semin, Semih; Güldal, Dilek

    2008-01-01

    In developing countries, the effect of globalization on the pharmaceutical sector has resulted in a decrease in exportation and domestic production, accompanied by an increase in importation of pharmaceuticals and a rise in prices and expenditures. As an example of a developing country, Turkey has been facing the long-standing and increasing pressure of global regulations placed on its pharmaceutical sector. This has led to an increasing dependency on multinational companies and a gradual deterioration of an already weakened domestic pharmaceutical sector. This case study of Turkey offers points to consider in the world of increasing globalization, as it offers lessons on ways of examining the effects of globalization on the pharmaceutical industry of developing countries.

  7. An Effective Strategy for Enforcing Ethics Compliance amongst Engineering Industries in the Developing World

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatai Sado

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Both governments and professional engineering societies in the developing nations have made several codes of ethics for their engineering industries. But there are little indications that these codes are fully complied with. The consequence of poor compliance has been a tremendous negative effect on humans and the environment. The need to enforce the application of these ethics is therefore necessary. A two way solution is suggested. An internal approach that will require the industries to set up and supervise an ethics compliance program induced by way of government legislation; and an external approach that will require the government to setup an active task force supported with an active involvement of professional societies to setup their own watchdog and ethics compliance scheme for the industries.

  8. Developments in Biological Treatment of Industrial Wastewaters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    The characteristics and biological treatment technologies of several kinds of industrial wastewater are summarised. Biological treatment of industrial wastewater is a well-established system with applications going back for over a century. However, developments are still taking place but at the design stage, more emphasis will be placed on small "footprint" systems, odour control and minimization of excess sludge production.

  9. THE ROLE OF ADVERTISEMENT FACTORS IN DEVELOPMENT OF SPORT TOURISM INDUSTRY OF FARS PROVINCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatemeh Eloon Kashkuli

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The aim of this study is to investigate the role of advertisement factors in development of sport tourism industry of Fars province. Materials and methods : Present study is descriptive and functional. We used marketing indices questionnaire for collecting data. Statistical population was all the responsible managers and experts in tourism and sport which through purposeful non-random sampling method 170 of them were selected as samples. To calculate reliability by Cronbach's Alpha in a pilot study on a 40 people sample, marketing factors were alfa=0.82. Data were analyzed after collecting in respect of study hypotheses through Chi2 tests. Results: Study findings show that from managers and experts views the most effective advertisement factors to develop sport tourism industry are respectively: written activities, investigate and understand tourists motivations to provide their requirements, promote the province parks and green fields by making health stations, develop sport-cultural centers for doing creative plans related to native and regional culture; all of advertisement factors with significance level of 0.000 are effective in developing of Fars province sport tourism industry. Conclusions: Propaganda methods necessary for effective marketing for sports tourism. It should be noted that closely tied to tourism development and promotion each other in a specified process, Because the tourism development process, part of the production structure of the economy that can income generation and job creation in developing countries have a major role.

  10. Product Platform Development in Industrial Networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karlsson, Christer; Skold, Martin

    2011-01-01

    The article examines the strategic issues involved in the deployment of product platform development in an industrial network. The move entails identifying the types and characteristics of generically different product platform strategies and clarifying strategic motives and differences. Number...

  11. Financial providing of development of tourist industry

    OpenAIRE

    Рипкович, Марія Павлівна

    2014-01-01

    The author investigates the importance of financial security of tourism development. The paper performs the analyses of budget financing of tourism industry in Ukraine. Ways for the financial security improvement of tourism are suggested.

  12. Product Platform Development in Industrial Networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karlsson, Christer; Skold, Martin

    2011-01-01

    The article examines the strategic issues involved in the deployment of product platform development in an industrial network. The move entails identifying the types and characteristics of generically different product platform strategies and clarifying strategic motives and differences. Number...

  13. Overview of the animal health drug development and registration process: an industry perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunter, Robert P; Shryock, Thomas R; Cox, Brian R; Butler, Roger M; Hammelman, Jason E

    2011-05-01

    Products for animal health commercialization follow a structured progression from initial concept through to regulatory approval. Typically, products are developed for use in either food animals or companion animals. These can be for the intention of disease intervention, productivity enhancement or improvement in a quality of life capacity. The animal health industry is a regulated industry, meaning that a government agency is responsible for oversight of products, both pre- and post-approval. There are three primary US government agencies that ensure quality, safety and effectiveness for the approval of new products and post-marketing compliance.

  14. The Impact of Tea Crop Insurance in the Development of Tea Industry (Case study: Otagvar, Langrood

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hojat Sharifi

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The Agricultural Insurance Fund has covered tea crop since (2003. Due to undisputable effect of tea industry in the livelihood and the economy of Northern cities and people of the region, the Fund’s performance gains its importance. So in this paper, we investigate the impact of tea crop insurance in development of tea industry and factors effective on this impact. Our main question to be answered is that whether, in the present situation, tea crop insurance has been able to wield its role in the development of tea industry. To provide an answer to the question above, we employed variety of qualitative and quantitative methods of research. Quantitative method has been done as survey and our instrument was a questionnaire the questions of which were answered by 200 farmers in Otagvar, Langrood. To achieve a better sample population, we have used the random and cluster methods of sampling. Qualitative method has used the discussion groups with insurance agents in Amlash and Kumleh and interview with experts of Organization for Rural Cooperation and Agricultural Insurance Fund.

  15. Recent developments in the cement industry: a comparative study between Mexico and India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ganesh Babu Kumaran

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Since early twentieth century, the use of cement has become a popular and strategic product for economic growth of every country. In India as in Mexico, the first factories began in the earlier twentieth century, India is nowadays the world’s second largest producer and Mexico is the third firm in cement production, despite being the tenth world producer. The eighties have significate for both countries major structural changes in its economy, which have radically altered the structure and functioning of the cement industry and even more during the decade of the nineties. This article discusses the recent performance of the cement industry in both countries, compares the dynamics and causes that gave rise to these changes. It examines changes in the structure of domestic market in both countries and the strategies employed by large companies that operate in both, including a brief analysis of the role of transnational corporations in their development at the stage of globalization and liberalization of markets that characterizes the last two decades. Finally, it explores the great changes that make possible the growth and expansion of the cement industry during the period, based on technological change, the determinants of competitiveness and the role of economic policies in the development of industry in both countries.

  16. The gas industry of Trinidad and Tobago - A case study of development; L'industrie du gaz de Trinidad et Tobago une etude de cas de developpement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jupiter, A. [Ministry of Energy and Energy Industries, Trinidad and Tobago (Trinidad and Tobago); Look Kin, F. [National gas company of Trinidad and Tobago Limited and Tobago (Trinidad and Tobago)

    2000-07-01

    This paper presents a case study of the development of the gas industry in Trinidad and Tobago. Recognition is given to State's role in providing a friendly regulatory, administrative and fiscal regime for investment in the upstream and downstream sectors and that of the National Gas Company of Trinidad and Tobago Limited in the promotion and development of Natural Gas Based Industries. At present, initiatives for additional gas based industries are ongoing and it is expected that this portfolio of gas utilization will be expanded to include Aluminum manufacture, additional LNG, Methanol, Ammonia, Iron reduction and Steel manufacture and Ethylene. The provision of infrastructure to support these industries include a phased development of gas transmission network, industrial estates with multi-user piers and harbour facilities for export based projects. The evolution of an energy policy framework within which the full potential of the nation's energy resources can be realized is viewed as crucial to the development of the industry. The gas pricing policy used in conjunction with other factors provide a competitive advantage for foreign investment in gas based industries and have served to attract gas based manufacturing facilities. The country has realized employment opportunities, export earnings and increased financial and economic activities from these investments. (authors)

  17. Selecting frameworks for multi-agent systems development for the oil industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Antão B. Moura

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Throughout the years, the development of multi-agent systems (MAS has evolved and many frameworks to support such development were proposed in the literature. Some frameworks did not advance; others have evolved according to the type of usage in either academy or industry. Given the large number of frameworks for developing multi-agent systems, it is important to evaluate these frameworks in order to select which one best suits the development project at hand. There seems to be scanty information and recommendations in the specialized bibliography on development frameworks for MAS to be used in support of supply chain management (SCM by the petroleum industry in particular. We present in this work a methodology for comparing and choosing frameworks to be used for developing MAS for the oil industry. The methodology includes theoretical and practical aspects. Application of the methodology is carried out in a real case, supply chain management scenario offered by Petrobrás, the Brazilian petroleum company, in automating its planning for draining petroleum products.

  18. Sustainable Industrial Development Programmes of International ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    First Lady

    2012-10-27

    Oct 27, 2012 ... Jegede C. T. - Centre for Industrial Research and Development, Faculty of Social Sciences ... of the global financial meltdown; the near collapse of the capital market in. Vol. .... According to him, the general accounting office of.

  19. Wind energy development as a part of Poland's industrial development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stoerring, Dagmara; Hvelplund, Frede Kloster

    2003-01-01

    The paper concludes with recommendations on how to make wind energy development a part of the industrial development in Poland by introducing renewable energy support mechanisms to improve the conditions for companies to develop wind technology in Poland.......The paper concludes with recommendations on how to make wind energy development a part of the industrial development in Poland by introducing renewable energy support mechanisms to improve the conditions for companies to develop wind technology in Poland....

  20. Synchronizing new product development projects and supply chain retrofitting for financial sustainability in the pharmaceutical industry

    OpenAIRE

    Lainez Aguirre, José Miguel; Puigjaner Corbella, Lluís; Reklaitis, Gintaras V.

    2009-01-01

    In today's highly competitive marketplace, supply chain and product development activities should be coordinated and synchronized so that market demand, product release and capacity requirements are matched in a financially sustainable fashion. In this work an integrated model is developed which incorporates simultaneous treatment of supply chain design-planning and R&D decisions in the pharmaceutical industry. Moreover, the aforementioned cross-functional model embeds a capita...

  1. Synchronizing new product development projects and supply chain retrofitting for financial sustainability in the pharmaceutical industry

    OpenAIRE

    Lainez Aguirre, José Miguel; Puigjaner Corbella, Lluís; Reklaitis, Gintaras V

    2009-01-01

    In today's highly competitive marketplace, supply chain and product development activities should be coordinated and synchronized so that market demand, product release and capacity requirements are matched in a financially sustainable fashion. In this work an integrated model is developed which incorporates simultaneous treatment of supply chain design-planning and R&D decisions in the pharmaceutical industry. Moreover, the aforementioned cross-functional model embeds a capita...

  2. Physical indicators as a basis for estimating energy efficiency developments in the Dutch industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Neelis, M.; Ramirez, A.; Patel, M.

    2004-08-15

    This study aims to develop an approach for the calculation of developments in energy efficiency in the industrial sector in the Netherlands using activity indicators based on physical production. The approach should fit in the calculation routine of the protocol monitoring energy savings and should be based on data available from Statistics Netherlands or from open literature. More specifically, the scope of the study is: To develop a spreadsheet tool for the calculation of energy efficiency developments in the Dutch industrial sector; To apply this tool for the period 1993-2001 with 1995 as the base year of analysis; To compare the tool with the method applied until now for the industrial sector in the PME (Protocol Monitoring Energy savings), which was mainly based on the LTAs (Long Term Agreements); To assess the uncertainties involved. The methodology of the PME and this study will in detail be discussed in chapter 2, followed by chapter 3 on the data availability and the use of the spreadsheet tool for future studies. The analyses and results for the sectors distinguished in chapter 2 are discussed in chapter 4-10, followed by a chapter in which the main conclusions of this study are given and in which recommendations are given.

  3. Reciprocal Interactions Between Industrial Clusters and City Suburbs Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Industrial clusters which create competitive advantage are new trends in industry development. Establishing innovatory clusters in city suburbs which provide better environments for cluster development in return will greatly accelerate the development of suburbs. Thus there are reciprocal interactions between industrial clusters and city suburbs development. The relations and some suggestions about how to plan industrial clusters in suburbs were given.

  4. Sustainable Development in Chemical Fiber Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Flora Zhao

    2012-01-01

    The 18th China International Man-Made Fiber Conference (Xiaoshan 2012), themed on "How does Chemical Fiber Industry to Realize Sustainable Development against the Background of High-cost Era?", kicked off in Hangzhou on September 6th, 2012. More than 600 representatives from nearly 20 major chemical fiber manufacturing countries and regions all over the world were gathered together to discuss the sustainable development strategies of international chemical fiber industry in the context of the current compficated environment from different perspectives.

  5. The Status Quo and Countermeasures of Planting and Industrial Development of Poria cocos in Luotian County

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    We conduct a field survey of the status quo of planting and industrial development of Poria cocos in Luotian County.The results show that at present,Luotian County develops a set of standardized Poria cocos cultivation technique,and some areas use the guideline of "four changes" to plants Poria cocos.The main problems faced by planting of Poria cocos currently are as follows:insufficient popularization of standardized Poria cocos cultivation technique;low processing level of Poria cocos;chaotic source of germplasm;lack of science and technology input;single industrial development pattern;shortage of well-known brands of products.In accordance with the above findings,we put forward the following recommendations:extensively promoting the guideline of " four changes";focusing on development and utilization of Poria cocos byproducts;implement listing-for-sales to clarify the source of Poria cocos strain;tightening the bonds with research institutes and large enterprises to promote science and technology input into Poria cocos;encouraging the coexistence of diverse industrial development pattern.

  6. Strategy for the development of wave energy utilization in Denmark through an industrial partnership

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2013-01-01

    The Danish wave energy sector has during 2011-12 carried out a project called ‘A new strategy for wave energy through industrial partnership’ described in the document ‘Wave Energy Technology, Strategy for Research, Development and Demonstration 2012’ [1]. The project was funded by the Danish...... energy. This paper will present the development plan described by the partnership in order to realize their vision, including the collaborative focus areas for technological development, the timeframe and the required support structure identified by the Danish Partnership for Wave Energy....

  7. Strategy of Development of Rare Earth Industry in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Su Wenqing

    2004-01-01

    This work introduced the current situation of the development of domestic and foreign rare earths (RE) industry, discussed the strategic position of RE industry in China, analyzed the problems existing in the course of RE industry development, made strategic thought about the transference from resource advantage to economic advantage, and put forward strategic suggestions about the development of RE industry in our country.

  8. Practice-Oriented Formal Methods to Support the Software Development of Industrial Control Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Darvas, Daniel; Blanco Viñuela, Enrique

    Formal specification and verification methods provide ways to describe requirements precisely and to check whether the requirements are satisfied by the design or the implementation. In other words, they can prevent development faults and therefore improve the quality of the developed systems. These methods are part of the state-of-the-practice in application domains with high criticality, such as avionics, railway or nuclear industry. The situation is different in the industrial control systems domain. As the criticality of the systems is much lower, formal methods are rarely used. The two main obstacles to using formal methods in systems with low- or medium-criticality are performance and usability. Overcoming these obstacles often needs deep knowledge and high effort. Model checking, one of the main formal verification techniques, is computationally difficult, therefore the analysis of non-trivial systems requires special considerations. Furthermore, the mainly academic tools implementing different model c...

  9. The Development of Value Systems and the Role of Information Systems in the Portuguese Insurance Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno Alexandre Ribeiro Marques

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to analyze the status of partnerships between organizations in the Portuguese insurance industry and design a development strategy that includes the Information Systems (IS dimension. In this paper, the current role of the IS in insurance partnerships (e.g.: automation of functionalities, alignment with decision makers is analyzed, as well as their importance in the future. Since insurance information activities are knowledge intensive, a relational and learning approach was followed. The impact of the IS on collaboration and implications for the CIO (responsible for the IS are presented. The existence of a good exploration of the IS for automation and integration of heterogeneous systems were verified. However, collaborative functionalities (e.g. Web 2.0 and partnership management indicators were not observed as a common practice. The CIO can be an agent of change, highlighting the IT Governance view and the socio-technical approach that are key to increase the maturity and value of the IS in the insurance industry.

  10. Status and Development of China Foundry Mould Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ With the development of automotive industry and mechanical manufacturing industry of China, the foundry industry in the country has been continuously growing.Foundry moulds, which are called "the mother of foundry"have been paid more and more attention.

  11. Regional development strategy of high-tech industry: The case of Vojvodina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adžić Sofija

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The initial thesis in the present work is that the solution of the problem of improving the competiveness of the economy of Vojvodina indispensably should open the room for the development of high-tech industries, in the first line on the basis of dynamic entrepreneurship and development of small and medium enterprises (SMEs. Emphasis in the research is on the analysis of the problem of inappropriate institutional order as a factor blocking innovative entrepreneurial conduct, technological development and economic valorization of high technologies, efficient socio-economic coordination of individual development initiatives and larger orientation of financial capital to risky investments in new industries. In this context, the most important limiting factors of development and economic valorization of high technologies in Vojvodina are defined as: (1 absence of socio-economic motivation for innovative behavior and manufacturing entrepreneurship, (2 low availability of skilled and internationally competent labour, (3 poor quality of regional, subregional and local STIEOT infrastructure, (4 orientation of regional financial infrastructure to credit imports and population and (5 low efficiency of regional, sub regional and local administrative and public services in eliminating above problems. In the light of those observations the operationalization of the concrete contents of development strategy for high-tech industries in Vojvodina is defined as a measure of ability to include regional, subregional and local institutions and public services to find how to solve the following problems: 1. providing conditions for internationally competent training of entrepreneurs, managers and expert teams in the function of acquiring necessary knowledge for the implementation of modern technological, managerial and organizational solutions needed for the foundation and dynamic development of high-tech enterprises, 2. provision of technical and economic support

  12. Objective necessity to create and develop financial and industrial groups in the republic of Azerbaijan

    OpenAIRE

    Lala Neymatova

    2015-01-01

    In the article on the basis of long-term statistical data, it is analysed the main indicators, characterizing the activities of business organizations, their distribution by ownership forms, groups of countries, as well as a state of the newly-established and liquidated enterprises by the spheres of economic activity, their financial condition; it is identified the reserves and the expediency of creation and development of financial and industrial groups in Azerbaijan is substantiated.

  13. New Connect Market Companies Growth and Development Efficiency in the Branch of Industry Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piotr Szczepankowski

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The article is an empirical research of growth and development efficiency of stock companies quoted on NewConnect Warsaw Stock Exchange alternative trading system. The analysis was made in the industry branch approach. The main tool of research was the special coefficient called NCGI (NewConnect Growth Indicator. The article shows sector differences of the companies growth and presents economic factors which could influence on these differences.

  14. Sustainable Development of the Cement Industry and Blended Cements to Meet Ecological Challenges

    OpenAIRE

    Konstantin Sobolev

    2003-01-01

    The world production of cement has greatly increased in the past 10 years. This trend is the most significant factor affecting technological development and the updating of manufacturing facilities in the cement industry. Existing technology for the production of cement clinker is ecologically damaging; it consumes much energy and natural resources and also emits pollutants. A new approach to the production of blended or high-volume mineral additive (HVMA) cement helps to improve its ecologi...

  15. Trends in the development of industrially assimilated renewable energy: the problem of resource restrictions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nizhegorodtsev, R. M.; Ratner, S. V.

    2016-03-01

    An analysis of the dynamics of the development of wind and solar energy and potential resource restrictions of the dissemination of these technologies of energy generation associated with intensive use of rare earth metals and some other mineral resources are presented. The technological prospects of various directions of decisions of the problem of resource restrictions, including escalating of volumes of extraction and production of necessary mineral components, creating substitutes of scarce materials and development of recycling are considered. The bottlenecks of each of the above-mentioned decisions were founded. Conclusions are drawn on the prospects of development of the Russian high-tech sectors of the economy in the context of the most probable decisions of the problem of resource restrictions of wind and solar energy. An increase in extraction and production of rare earth metals and some other materials, stimulation of domestic research and development (R&D) to create the permanent magnets of new types and new technologies of wind-powered generation, and reduction of the resource-demand and technology development of recycling the components of power equipment are the most prospective directions of progress. The innovations in these directions will be in demand on the European, Chinese, and North American markets in the near decades due to the end of the life cycle (approximately 30 years) of wind and solar energy projects started at the turn of the 20th-21st centuries (the beginning of exponential growth in plants). The private investors and relevant regional and federal government agencies can use the qualitative characteristics of the dynamics of industrially assimilated renewable energy to choose the most promising investment orientations in energy projects and selection of the most economically sound development methods of energy and related industries.

  16. Washington State Biofuels Industry Development

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gustafson, Richard [Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States)

    2017-04-09

    The funding from this research grant enabled us to design, renovate, and equip laboratories to support University of Washington biofuels research program. The research that is being done with the equipment from this grant will facilitate the establishment of a biofuels industry in the Pacific Northwest and enable the University of Washington to launch a substantial biofuels and bio-based product research program.

  17. Continuation of Research, Commercialization, and Workforce Development in the Polymer/Electronics Recycling Industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mel Croucher; Rakesh Gupta; Hota GangaRao; Darran Cairns; Jinzing Wang; Xiaodong Shi; Jason Linnell; Karen Facemyer; Doug Ritchie; Jeff Tucker

    2009-09-30

    The MARCEE Project was established to understand the problems associated with electronics recycling and to develop solutions that would allow an electronics recycling industry to emerge. While not all of the activities have been funded by MARCEE, but through private investment, they would not have occurred had the MARCEE Project not been undertaken. The problems tackled and the results obtained using MARCEE funds are discussed in detail in this report.

  18. Drivers of occupational human capital: identifying and developing research productivity in the globalized business school Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Ryazanova, Olga

    2015-01-01

    This thesis looks at the antecedents of research productivity in business schools as part of a wider conversation on the development of occupational human capital in knowledge-intensive industries. Building upon the social capital and sociology of science literatures, the present study seeks to advance this conversation in two ways. First, it focuses on the consequences of academic researchers’ early-career and mid-career choices by exploring the interplay between organizational scripts and i...

  19. MODELLING THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE INTEGRATION PROCESSES DIRECTION IN THE BAKING INDUSTRY

    OpenAIRE

    Tetyana Kublikova; Svetlana Stupak

    2013-01-01

    The paper presents the characteristics of the economic interaction between organizations and enterprises within the system of cluster type and the direction of their investment and innovation transformation through the implementation of the integration processes in the bakery industry.

  20. State, Institutions and Industrial Development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauridsen, Laurids Sandager

    ’ as a result of the working of market forces or of the choices and activities of transnational companies. Hence it examines the role of the state in such late-industrial transformation processes in Taiwan and Thailand. Most scholars have dealt with this issue from the perspective of trade and have studied...

  1. State, Institutions and Industrial Development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauridsen, Laurids Sandager

    ' as a result of the working of market forces or of the choices and activities of transnational companies. Hence it examines the role of the state in such late-industrial transformation processes in Taiwan and Thailand. Most scholars have dealt with this issue from the perspective of trade and have studied...

  2. A survey on IVIVC/IVIVR development in the pharmaceutical industry - Past experience and current perspectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, M A; Flanagan, T; Brewster, M; Kesisoglou, F; Beato, S; Biewenga, J; Crison, J; Holm, R; Li, R; Mannaert, E; McAllister, M; Mueller-Zsigmondy, M; Muenster, U; Ojala, K; Page, S; Parr, A; Rossenu, S; Timmins, P; Van Peer, A; Vermeulen, A; Langguth, P

    2017-05-01

    The present work aimed to describe the current status of IVIVC/IVIVR development in the pharmaceutical industry, focusing on the use and perception of specific approaches as well as successful and failed case studies. Two questionnaires have been distributed to 13 EFPIA partners of the Oral Biopharmaceutics Tools Initiative and to the Pharmacokinetics Working Party of the European Medicines Agency in order to capture the perspectives and experiences of industry scientists and agency members, respectively. Responses from ten companies and three European Agencies were received between May 21st 2014 and January 19th 2016. The majority of the companies acknowledged the importance of IVIVC/IVIVR throughout the drug development stages and a well-balanced rate of return on investment. However, the IVIVC/IVIVR approach seemed to be underutilized in regulatory submissions. Four of the ten companies stated to have an internal guidance related to IVIVC/IVIVR modelling, whereas three felt that an overall strategy is not necessary. Successful models mainly served to support formulation development and to provide a better mechanistic understanding. There was not yet much experience with safe-space IVIVRs as well as the use of physiologically based modelling in the field of IVIVC. At the same time, the responses from both industry and agencies indicated that there might be a need for a regulatory framework to guide the application of these novel approaches. The relevance of IVIVC/IVIVR for oral IR drug products was recognized by most of the companies. For IR formulations, relationships other than Level A correlation were more common outcomes among the provided case studies, such as multiple Level C correlation or safe-space IVIVR, which could be successfully used for requesting regulatory flexibility. Compared to the responses from industry scientists, there was a trend towards a higher appreciation of the BCS among the regulators, but a less positive attitude towards the utility

  3. The development of an industrial-scale fed-batch fermentation simulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldrick, Stephen; Ştefan, Andrei; Lovett, David; Montague, Gary; Lennox, Barry

    2015-01-10

    This paper describes a simulation of an industrial-scale fed-batch fermentation that can be used as a benchmark in process systems analysis and control studies. The simulation was developed using a mechanistic model and validated using historical data collected from an industrial-scale penicillin fermentation process. Each batch was carried out in a 100,000 L bioreactor that used an industrial strain of Penicillium chrysogenum. The manipulated variables recorded during each batch were used as inputs to the simulator and the predicted outputs were then compared with the on-line and off-line measurements recorded in the real process. The simulator adapted a previously published structured model to describe the penicillin fermentation and extended it to include the main environmental effects of dissolved oxygen, viscosity, temperature, pH and dissolved carbon dioxide. In addition the effects of nitrogen and phenylacetic acid concentrations on the biomass and penicillin production rates were also included. The simulated model predictions of all the on-line and off-line process measurements, including the off-gas analysis, were in good agreement with the batch records. The simulator and industrial process data are available to download at www.industrialpenicillinsimulation.com and can be used to evaluate, study and improve on the current control strategy implemented on this facility. Crown Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  4. Tendencies of Development of Export Potential of the Fat-and-oil Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Voloshchuk Tetyana H.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The article marks that the products of the fat-and-oil industry is an important component of the Ukrainian export. It generalises views of domestic and Russian scientists with respect to interpretation of the “export potential” notion. It offers the author’s definition of the export potential of a fat-and-oil enterprise (corporation as a maximal ability of a specific structure of the fat-and-oil industry to ensure the priority positions at the relevant segment of the foreign market during a long period of time. It specifies the role of the export potential in foreign economic activity of enterprises of the fat-and-oil industry. It provides a list of major domestic exporters of sunflower oil. It justifies a hierarchical structure of the export potential of a fat-and-oil enterprise. It shows dynamics of sunflower oil export during 2010 – 2011 and 2011 – 2012 marketing years. It develops justified recommendations on increase of the export potential of the fat-and-oil industry and enterprises in particular.

  5. THE INTERNATIONAL EXPERIENCE OF INTERACTION BETWEEN GOVERNMENT AND BUSINESS IN THE SPHERE OF INNOVATION: NEW TOOLS FOR INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anastasiya Yurievna Nikitaeva

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the study of international experience of interaction between government and business in the innovative development of the industrial sector. Purpose of the paper is to determine the features and content of the new mechanisms of industrial development, based on integration platform of economic agents’ partnership.Methodology. The complex of system, synergy, institutional, evolutionary, and endogenous approaches is used as a methodological basis of research. Methodological apparatus of the article is presented by methods of the analysis, synthesis, abstraction, logical generalization.Results: the assessment of influence of government and commercial structures partnership on the innovative industrial development is given; the tendency of expansion of a partnership segment in the innovative sphere of the industry is empirically illustrated; features and key technologies of the new integration mechanism of industrial development are given.Conclusion: complication of innovative processes in combination with other factors results in expediency of development of partnership of economic entities in the sphere of industrial development. The extent and effectiveness of partnership practices in innovation is largely determined by the role of state institutions. For innovation of industrial development it is expedient to form the mechanisms using the integrated capacity of public and private institutions.Practical implications: the results of the study can be used in the justification of the priorities and measures of the state innovation and industrial policy, the development of concepts and programs of clustering of the regions and the development of public-private partnerships, and also formation of strategy of development of industrial structures.

  6. Socio-ecological conditions of industrial development of the Yamal peninsula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir Dmitrievich Bogdanov

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with current socio-ecological situation in the field of traditional nature management in Yamal region of YamalNenets autonomous district that takes place against a background of industrial development of hydrocarbon deposits. The emergence of critical situations in the main branches of traditional nature management — reindeer herding and fishery is demonstrated. In reindeer herding the situation is critical mainly due to internal factors — as a result of actions of the Nenets themselves, with their unbridled desire to breed reindeer. Industrial development only exacerbates the problem but is not its main cause.In the fishery, the crisis is caused by external factors — commercial demand when low-control illegal fishing has led to an increase of loads on fish supplies. Strict dependence of indigenous people from biological resources poses a real threat to their existence as an ethnic group.

  7. Local Milieu in Developing China's Cultural and Creative Industry: The Case of Nanluoguxiang in Beijing

    OpenAIRE

    Jici Wang; Chun Zhang; Ching-Ning Wang; Ping Chen

    2010-01-01

    This paper examines the role of creative milieu and cultural heritages in the development of Chinese cultural industry. Through case study of Beijing’s Nanluoguxiang, where several arts institutions and theaters concentrate, it depicts the birth and growth of a creative place for free artists in the institutional changing of Chinese cultural setting. Based on field survey data from artists, managers and visitors, it shows the spouting and growth of local creativities in a transitional econo...

  8. INDUSTRIAL CLUSTER EFFECT STIMULATES THE SCALE ECONOMY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    Problems of China Building & Sanitary Ceramics industrial clusters,Current status and development of building ceramics industry at home and abroad,The formation and development of Jiajiang's building ceramics industrial clusters,Resource is momentum for industrial clusters' development

  9. Culture and Local Development: the Interaction of Cultural Heritage and Creative Industries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valery Gordin

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study is to examine the various forms of interaction between cultural heritage and creative industries to support the development of various types of cultural clusters in St. Petersburg. The study was based on a model, which provides several types of partnership cultural heritage (CH could have with the creative industries (CI: CH as a “decoration” for the CI, as “content”, as a “brand”, as the creator of the needs. Authors’ classification of cultural clusters in St. Petersburg is described, including clusters of cultural heritage, ethnic cultural clusters, the mass-cultural (consumer-oriented cultural clusters, art - incubators. One of the main findings is the low willingness of many public cultural institutions to have any form of interaction with the creative industries. The second group of findings concerned the ability to attract creative industries to provide services for residents of St. Petersburg in cooperation with public institutions of culture. 

  10. Recent Developments in Empirical Industrial Organization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porter, Robert H.

    1994-01-01

    Presents an bibliographic essay of recent empirical research in industrial organization. Examines topics such as the econometrics of markets with imperfect competition, technology and industry structure, industry evolution, and industry studies of regulation. (CFR)

  11. RESEACH OF PROSPECTS OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE HOTEL INDUSTRY AND RECOMMENDATION ABOUT FORECASTING OF EFFICIENCY OF ITS FUNCTIONING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Татьяна Викторовна Голощапова

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available In the industrial cities having preconditions of development of the tourist and hotel industry, there is a problem of justifying the effectiveness and prospects of development of this direction. The purpose of work is to develop recommendations and proposals for the development of tourism efficient functioning of hotels in the industrial city. The article presents a model of organizational and economic support for the functioning of the hotel industry based on a study of tourist flow, and the model of forecasting of efficiency of functioning of the hotel industry is developed, and also recommendations about development of tourist and hotel sector on the example of Togliatty are offered. The implementation of the recommendations and suggestions will greatly improve the socio-economic indicators of the city and the region.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12731/2218-7405-2013-9-84

  12. Fast Development Of China's Small Satellite Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sun Hongjin

    2009-01-01

    @@ China Spacesat Co., Ltd of China Academy of Space Technology (CAST) recently said, along with the successful launch of HJ-1A/B for the environment and disaster monitoring and forecasting small satellite constellation and after years of efforts, small satellite development technology has achieved fruitful results, and the development status has been greatly improved.China's small satellite technology has realized a great-leap-forward in development from a single satellite model to series model, from the satellite program to space industry. China has explored a development road for China's small satellite industrialization, and a modern small satellite development base has resulted.

  13. Industrial parks as an innovative vector of industrial production development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malyuta, Lyudmyla Yaroslavivna

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The urgent problem of industrial parks foundation and their activity organization as an innovative structure to provide industrial production and business development has been considered. Etymological role of industrial parks under present economic conditions, preconditions and main stages of their creation in Ukraine have been described. It’s mentioned that the mechanism of industrial parks foundation as a business development instrument provides the customers number increase, markets extension, partnership building and development. The main subjects of the above-mentioned innovative formation, fundamental and competitive features of IP, conditions and advantages of every project participant investing have been determined. A model of managerial decision making about IP foundation has been built. Key factors of success and efficiency of the above-mentioned entrepreneurship structures have been determined. Law basis, possible financing and state support conditions of IP have been analyzed. Some examples of their foundation in certain regions of Ukraine have been considered. Advantages and disadvantages of these innovative structures have been determined.

  14. Ways of Light Industry Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tang Jintao

    2009-01-01

    @@ "The planning of the right industry restructuring and revitalization" was officially released on May 18th this year. This planning mainly includes food, cereals, oil, batteries, leather, paper, fermentation, brewing, sugar refining and home electrical appliances. As a response to a comprehensive action plan, the planning period is from 2009 to 2011.

  15. THE ISSUES OF THE DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY FORMATION OF AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY COMPANIES IN UKRAINE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tetyana Simkova

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The purpose this study of is to consider the problems to ensure the efficiency of of automobile industry enterprise, to identify measures and areas of improvement and optimization of freight trucking companies and to prove the methods and ways to optimize cargo transportation process, which will give the opportunity to influence the technical level of the new technology and production as a whole. Methods: Monitoring and researching problems ensure, trucking companies, classification and description of components improve the management and optimization of transportation that will enable to transport enterprises to influence the design of the transportation process efficiency, reduce transportation costs and production as a whole. Correlation-regression analysis of the effectiveness determining rational route of vehicles that can improve the technical and operational performance of the rolling stock, increase productivity and reduce the cost of cars of cargo. Results: identified areas to ensure the efficiency of transportation companies automotive industry through the development and adoption of decisions on optimization of freight trucking companies through the development of rational route of vehicle design proposals from warehouse management (number vehicle fleet, improvement of dispatching service and optimization of organizational structure . Discussion: identifying areas of improvement of transport enterprises automotive industry due to the need to increase the volume of freight traffic, increase usage of rolling stock, saving material and energy resources, reduce labor costs. Decision-making to improve the management and optimization of freight is an important topic for future research, which will create an opportunity for the company to influence the technical level of the new technology and production as a whole.

  16. Globalisation, transition and development in China. The case of the coal industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huaichuan Rui

    2004-07-01

    The author aims to explain China's development strategy and its underlying forces, and the success of this strategy. It examines China's gradualist approach which emphasises development first and regards transition and globalisation as secondary, enacting liberalisation of domestic markets and integration into the world economy in a paced way, avoiding dramatic changes which might impede or even reverse development. The author argues that this approach is broadly correct. She considers China's failures, including the failure to build large globally competitive corporations despite the intention to do this, and shows how China's economic strategy has been implemented in detail with a case study of the coal industry.

  17. Positioning technology development in the South African construction industry: a technology foresight study

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Rust, FC

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available to year. One response to this situation is to position the construction industry with advanced technological solutions. However, the construction industry is renowned for low levels of innovation and the South African government has also underfunded...

  18. China's Fermentation Industry Develops Rapidly

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ 1 Output increases steadily The main products of China's fermen-tation industry include amino acid,organic acid, enzyme preparation,yeast, starch and starch sugar, spe-cial functional fermented products,etc. Monosodium glutamate is themain product of amino acid, and cit-ric acid is the main product of or-ganic acid.

  19. Innovation, Procurement and Construction Industry Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geard de Valence

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The implications for analysis of innovation in construction of theoretical developments in industrial organisation are considered in this research, as an attempt to outline a new approach to construction innovation incorporating the ideas found in knowledge based, technology centred models. The paper firstly summarises characteristics of the construction industry, focusing on their effects on innovation, before surveying some of the ideas about the sources of innovation and the expansion and application of knowledge. Construction can be seen as an industry with limited scope for knowledge externalities, where the procurement methods used by the industry’s clients do not pay for innovation. The following discussion uses recent developments in the research on the economics of innovation and industrial organization theory, such as research intensity and the endogenous sunk costs in competitive, fragmented, low research intensity industries. The effects on R&D of procurement methods and on industry structure are discussed, with a focus on the appropriability of innovations and the role of the client on the Heathrow Terminal 5 project. The paper concludes that the procurement methods used for building and construction projects appears to be a determining factor in the level of innovation in the construction industry

  20. A Study of Public Health Awareness among the Elderly in an Industrially Developing Country

    OpenAIRE

    Ruhana Zainuddin; Norshaieda Abdullah; Syaidatul Z.M. Din; Paul H.P. Yeow; H. S. Loo

    2011-01-01

    Problem statement: The elderly in Industrially Developing Countries (IDC) may encounter problems regarding health. This research is to determine the common diseases or ailments experienced by adults over the age of 40. Approach: A sample of 150 respondents was taken from three states in Malaysia, an IDC. Demographic profiles such as age, gender and race were obtained and questions regarding attentiveness and awareness of health were asked. Four hypotheses were tested. Multiple regression anal...

  1. In retrospect of the development of China's shipbuilding industry during the 10th Five-Year Plan period

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ Recently, Zhou Yulan, director of the System Engineering Department of COMSTIND,pointed out in the article that during the 10th Five-Year Plan period, China's shipbuilding industry seized the opportunity offered by the large demand of market at home and aboard, accelerated its steps of development,increased both its industrial scope and quality, and realized a historical jump.

  2. Barriers to Alzheimer disease drug discovery and development in the biotechnology industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Altstiel, L D

    2002-01-01

    The major barrier to Alzheimer disease (AD) drug discovery and development in the biotechnology industry is scale. Most biotechnology companies do not have the personnel or expertise to carry a drug from the bench to the market. Much effort in the industry has been directed toward the elucidation of molecular mechanisms of AD and the identification of new targets. Advances in biotechnology have generated new insights into disease mechanisms, increased the number of lead compounds, and accelerated biologic screening. The majority of costs associated with drug development are in clinical testing and development activities, many of which are driven by regulatory issues. For most biotechnology companies, the costs of such trials and the infrastructure necessary to support them are prohibitive. Another significant barrier is the definition of therapeutic benefit for AD drugs; Food and Drug Administration (FDA) precedent has established that a drug must show superiority to placebo on a performance-based test of cognition and a measure of global clinical function. This restrictive definition is biased toward drugs that enhance performance on memory-based tests. Newer AD drugs are targeted toward slowing disease progression; however, there is currently no accepted definition of what constitutes efficacy in disease progression. Despite these obstacles, the biotechnology industry has much to offer AD drug discovery and development. Biotechnology firms have already developed essential technology for AD drug development and will continue to do so. Biotechnology companies can move more quickly; of course, the trick is to move quickly in the right direction. Speed may offset some of the problems associated with lack of scale. Additionally, biotechnology companies can afford to address markets that may be too restricted for larger pharmaceutical companies. This advantage will have increasing importance, as therapies are developed to address subtypes of AD.

  3. How could you use the ergonomic checkpoints for job enrichment in an ‘appreciative way’ in industrial of industrially developing countries?

    OpenAIRE

    Helali, Faramarz; Dastranj, Farahnaz

    2014-01-01

    This paper describes five steps for ‘Appreciative Inquiry’ to purpose understanding from getting to use “ergonomic checkpoints”, in an ‘appreciative way’ including;1)Definition of frame implementing a phase method for pre-systemic ergonomicsintervention work process; 2) Discovery; what are appreciative and activelearning, and how it has worked? (The research model) 3) Dream; howvision and voices of the future in industries of industrially developing countries? (The Learner at the Centre) 4) D...

  4. The development of Industrial Psychology at South African Universities: A historical overview and future perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dries M. G. Schreuder

    2001-04-01

    Full Text Available Over the past 100 years, Industrial Psychology has developed into a viable discipline that has meaningfully contributed to society's knowledge of work behaviour. This has improved the effectiveness of organisations and has increased the job performance of individuals and groups. The world is in a transitional phase, with organisations finding themselves on the edge of chaos. Industrial psychologists must be ready to help organisations to survive in these uncertain times. It will probably be expected of industrial psychologists to assume specialised roles, rather than the maintenance roles of the past. This offers new challenges to universities regarding the training of industrial psychologists. Opsomming Oor die afgelope 100 jaar het Bedryfsielkunde in 'n lewensvatbare dissipline ontwikkel, wat betekenisvol tot die gemeenskap se kennis van werksgedrag bygedra het. Dit het die doeltreffendheid van organisasies verbeter en die werkprestasie van individue en groepe verhoog. Die wêreld is in 'n oorgangsfase, met organisasies wat hulself op die rand van chaos bevind. Bedryfsielkundiges moet gereed wees om organisasies te help om in hierdie onsekere tydperk te oorleef. Daar sal waarskynlik van bedryfsielkundiges verwag word om eerder gespesialiseerde rolle te speel teenoor die instandhoudingsrolle van die verlede. Dit bied nuwe uitdagings aan universiteite met betrekking tot die opleiding van bedryfsielkundiges.

  5. Problematic issues of the development of reference materials of composition and properties for aircraft industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. N. Lutsenko

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Considered problematic issues of the development of reference materials (RMs for aircraft industry. The focus is on the methods for choosing the RM chemical composition and metallographic structure, and the use of different technologies for their production with high intra- and between item homogeneity. Considered problematic issues of the RM program, shows the need to expand and optimize the range of RMs. The present work is performed within framework of the integrated research concept 2.1. "Fundamentally oriented research" ("Strategic concepts of development of materials and technologies for their processing for the period up to 2030".

  6. Strategic research on the sustainable development cost of manufacturing industry under the background of carbon allowance and trade policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Zhongmin; Cheng, Mengting; Wang, Mei

    2017-08-01

    The important subjects of energy consumption and carbon emission are manufacturing enterprises, with the deepening of international cooperation, and the implementation of carbon limit and trade policy, costs of manufacturing industry will rise sharply. How can the manufacturing industry survive in this reform, and it has to be a problem that the managers of the manufacturing industry need to solve. This paper analyses sustainable development cost connotation and value basis on the basis of sustainable development concept, discusses the influence of carbon allowance and trade policy for cost strategy of manufacturing industry, thinks that manufacturing industry should highlight social responsibility and realize maximization of social value, implement cost strategy the sustainable development, and pointed out the implementation way.

  7. The Review of the Development of Magnesium Industry in China in the past 50 years

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>Since the Fushun Aluminum Plant invested in its magnesium branch and produced the magn e- sium by electrolysis for the first time in 1957, magnesium industry in China has been devel- oped for 50 years(1957-2007).During the 5 decades,the industry has experienced hardship and stagnation.For the past 10 years,the in- dustry has achieved rapid growth with enor- mous accomplishment.China has become a big manufacturer in primary magnesium in the world.

  8. An action research study of a leadership development programme in the hotel industry

    OpenAIRE

    Cooke, Hilary

    2016-01-01

    Many organisations view leadership as a feature of competitive advantage and competent leaders as instrumental in achieving organisational performance and productivity. \\ud \\ud In the hotel industry, there is a strong relationship between leadership culture and leader behaviour with employee satisfaction, loyalty, and productivity that has a subsequent impact on service quality, profitability and growth. Consequently, many hospitality organisations invest significantly in the development of t...

  9. The Development of Strategic Bank Lending Industries in the Context of Globalization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oksana Markovna Kramarenko

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available It is shown that, in the context of globalization, improved credit support for strategic sectors of the economy (for example, shipbuilding can be achieved through the creation of a banking consortium based around leasing. A dialectical method of resolution of system tasks is selected as the methodological approach. Methods used include: comparative cost analysis of the strategic lending industry supporting the formation and development of a banking consortium; integrated method at the condition modeling of making and implementation of a lease agreement, which allowed to accommodate the interests for both parties of such agreement; optimization method to select the conditions of a lease agreement; classification and analytical method to clarify the classification of lease. The study proved and developed a plan of creation a banking consortium, including options of interaction of such consortium with potential customers based on a lease agreement. The process of functioning of the lease agreement in order to optimize it for both a bank consortium-lessor and a lessee is modeled. The significant advantages of leasing compared to the traditional lending for both parties of leasing, especially when ensuring long-term projects are summarized. The results of the research can be applied in the strategic lending industries development and can reduce the level of banking risks. Applying the results of the research in the social aspect can maintain and increase the number of jobs including the banking sector. The value of the work leis in the fact that the author has developed a new approach to achive the credit support for strategic sectors of the economy through the creation of the banking consortium based around leasing, which allows to protect the interests of both parties.

  10. The development of a performance measurement system for the South African container shipping industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taryn Hector

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Globalisation is dependent on efficient supply chains and a variety of transport systems. South Africa participates in the world’s economy with an extensive container shipping industry, as well as a road/rail/air distribution system. One of the aims of this research study was to develop a measurement system, or model, that may assist in measuring the performance of a container shipping service, from the time a ship arrives in the harbour, through the process in the container depot until the container arrives at the final customer for imports, and the other way round for exports. The objective was to develop a performance index that would assist management in assessing and/or improving the current system. It is a global phenomenon that inefficiencies cannot be eliminated by a single organisation; it requires the cooperation of all the parties in a supply chain.

  11. Prediction development of selected groups of engineering materials used in the automotive industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomasz TAŃSKI

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the article is to present the results of comparative quantitative analysis of selected materials and manufacturing technologies, to indicate their development outlooks and to present its application opportunities in the automotive industry. Concerning of the demand from the automotive sector for components and parts made of cast aluminum alloys, the development expectations of their effective manufacturing technology meeting the expected product properties, including surface laser treatment as well as physical and chemical vapour deposition, were evaluated to be very high.

  12. Emission factor development for the malt beverage, wine, and distilled spirits industries

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lapp, T.; Shrager, B. [Midwest Research Institute, Cary, NC (United States); Safriet, D. [Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States)

    1996-12-31

    Midwest Research Institute is currently developing emission factors for inclusion in AP-42 Chapter 9, Food and Agricultural Industries. Three of the sections cover the production of malt beverages, wine, and distilled spirits. The malt beverage segment focuses on the development of ethanol emission factors for filling operations, which were recently identified as the large source of brewery ethanol emissions. The discussion includes a description of the production process and emissions factors for breweries, a history of emission factories for breweries, a description of emission testing conducted at two large breweries, and a presentation of some of the emission factors for malt beverage production. The wine industry segment focuses on emissions from the fermentation stage for red and white wines, the pomace screen and pomace press for red wines, and bottling of white wine. Emission factors are presented for ethanol emissions from each of these sources as well as other VOC emissions from the fermentation process. A discussion of the wine production process is presented. A discussion of the emission sources and available emission factors is presented for the distilled spirits industry segment. Factors are presented for the fermentation and aging stages. A process description is presented for the production of Bourbon whisky.

  13. Process analysis of eco-industrial park development - the case of Tianjin, China

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Yu, Chang; de Jong, Martin; Dijkema, Gerard P. J.

    2014-01-01

    The variety of successful and unsuccessful eco-industrial parks (EIPs) have evoked a discussion on "how to intervene in the process of transforming an industrial park to an eco-industrial park". This study presents a process analysis approach that enables analysts to trace and structure the key acti

  14. Process analysis of eco-industrial park development - the case of Tianjin, China

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Yu, Chang; de Jong, Martin; Dijkema, Gerard P. J.

    2014-01-01

    The variety of successful and unsuccessful eco-industrial parks (EIPs) have evoked a discussion on "how to intervene in the process of transforming an industrial park to an eco-industrial park". This study presents a process analysis approach that enables analysts to trace and structure the key acti

  15. Research on the Policy Orientation of Government in Agricultural Industrialization Development

    OpenAIRE

    Hang, Hong-qiu

    2011-01-01

    Governmental functions in agricultural industrialization management are analyzed, mainly including supplying public products, providing property right security, managing and protecting resources and environment as well as stabilizing the agro-product market. The policy orientation promoted by the government in agricultural industrialization management is pointed out: formulating a series of macro-management planning to guide and regulate agricultural industrialization operation; fully playing...

  16. Eco-Industrial Parks from Strategic Niches to Development Mainstream: The Cases of China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lei Shi

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available China has implemented eco-industrial park (EIP initiatives as a mainstream strategy of a circular economy since the turn of the new century. This paper presents the sustainable transition processes and outcomes of three EIP cases, Tianjin Economic and Technological Development Area (TEDA, Fuzhou Economic and Technological Development Area (FEDA and the Xi’an High-Tech Zone (XHTZ. The cases uncovered four factors key to the transition of EIPs: technological trajectory dependency, spaces for experimentation, government as an enabler and regional embeddedness.

  17. Culture Industry Development and Regional Economy - Case Study of Tianjin*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shu-sheng, Li

    Cultural industry is one of the fastest growing industries and the added value of culture industry is almost more than 10% of GDP in developed countries. This paper first introduced the boundaries of cultural industries and the development of that in Tianjin. Then the logistic growth model was used to detect the stage of the life cycle of culture industry in Tianjin. We draw the conclusion that culture industry is in the rapid growth stage in Tianjin, and we must take scientific development, increasing innovation through structural reform, technological advances, personnel training and other measures to promote the cultural industry development in Tianjin by leaps.

  18. The Zambian wildlife ranching industry: scale, associated benefits, and limitations affecting its development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindsey, Peter A; Barnes, Jonathan; Nyirenda, Vincent; Pumfrett, Belinda; Tambling, Craig J; Taylor, W Andrew; t'Sas Rolfes, Michael

    2013-01-01

    The number and area of wildlife ranches in Zambia increased from 30 and 1,420 km(2) in 1997 to 177 and ∼6,000 km(2) by 2012. Wild ungulate populations on wildlife ranches increased from 21,000 individuals in 1997 to ∼91,000 in 2012, while those in state protected areas declined steeply. Wildlife ranching and crocodile farming have a turnover of ∼USD15.7 million per annum, compared to USD16 million from the public game management areas which encompass an area 29 times larger. The wildlife ranching industry employs 1,200 people (excluding jobs created in support industries), with a further ∼1,000 individuals employed through crocodile farming. Wildlife ranches generate significant quantities of meat (295,000 kg/annum), of which 30,000 kg of meat accrues to local communities and 36,000 kg to staff. Projected economic returns from wildlife ranching ventures are high, with an estimated 20-year economic rate of return of 28%, indicating a strong case for government support for the sector. There is enormous scope for wildlife ranching in Zambia due to the availability of land, high diversity of wildlife and low potential for commercial livestock production. However, the Zambian wildlife ranching industry is small and following completion of field work for this study, there was evidence of a significant proportion of ranchers dropping out. The industry is performing poorly, due to inter alia: rampant commercial bushmeat poaching; failure of government to allocate outright ownership of wildlife to landowners; bureaucratic hurdles; perceived historical lack of support from the Zambia Wildlife Authority and government; a lack of a clear policy on wildlife ranching; and a ban on hunting on unfenced lands including game ranches. For the wildlife ranching industry to develop, these limitations need to be addressed decisively. These findings are likely to apply to other savanna countries with large areas of marginal land potentially suited to wildlife ranching.

  19. Rating tendencies of the innovative development prognostication system at the industrial enterprise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.S. Rosokhata

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article. The article deals with the formational process of enterprise innovative directions on the basis of nowadays modern tendencies structured analysis. The practical realization of the innovative development prognostication process at the enterprise is confined mostly to the current market condition and economic viability analysis. The system of development innovative directions prognostication has no systematic complex approach, structured organization, set of elements, which provide to collect and rate nowadays tendencies, i.e. perspectives for future development. The object of an article is to form approach to the modern tendencies rating, which are observed within the introduction system concerning innovative development perspective directions prognostication at the enterprise – trend-watching. The results of the analysis. The article demonstrates the research on concepts “trend” and “tendencies” economic aspect definition. The author presents the approach to prognosticate innovative development directions of industrial enterprises, based on social and economic development urgent tendencies research; that is the main point to investigate the research direction – trend-watching. The methodic of tendencies rating to decrease subjectivity level while prognosticating enterprise development directions, which is based on tendencies spreading speed determination, is also suggested. The main essence of the tendencies development quantitative concept consists in the fact, that, in order to know which level will be achieved in this or that process, it is necessary to know average speed of its change. So, the average speed of the process change may be rated. The article presents three tendencies features, including time, place and action. These perceptions give reason to define the tendency speed, that is the resultant factor of tendency development and spreading factor in the proper time taking into account the

  20. The formation of the development model of the innovative industrial cluster and methods for evaluating its economic effectiveness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suvorova L.A.

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The cluster approach is considered by the authors as the tool to ensure the accelerated development of the country’s industrial complex. In the article the authors examine the problem of forming the model of the cluster development in high-tech sectors of industry and the methods for evaluating its economic effectiveness. Unlike traditional approaches, the authors of the article identify a cluster unit as the main structural element of the development model of the innovative industrial cluster. They think that a cluster unit is one member of the cluster (i.e.one enterprise. This point of view is differed from modern scientists` opinion, who view a cluster unit as the complex of enterprises operating within cluster units. The purpose of the study was the development and the economic evaluation of the model of the cluster development. In this research the authors examined the cluster of industrial biotechnologies. They have developed and proposed the model of the development of the cluster of industrial biotechnologies: the Non-commercial partnership (NP “The biotechnology cluster of the Kirov region”. This model takes into account the peculiarities of the innovative production. The authors have calculated the absolute and relative effect from clustering taking into account the effectiveness and profitability indicators of the cluster units activities within the cluster in question and the evaluation of the project activity of the cluster. Thus the authors have proved the economic effectiveness of the proposed model of the cluster development. The received research results allow us to conclude that the designed model of the development of the NP “The biotechnology cluster of the Kirov region” provides a steady growth trend of positive economic effect from the corporate activities of the enterprises within the cluster and increase in the region’s competitiveness in the production of high-tech industrial products.

  1. Early Detection of Pancreatic Cancer: The Role of Industry in the Development of Biomarkers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kenner, Barbara J; Go, Vay Liang W; Chari, Suresh T; Goldberg, Ann E; Rothschild, Laura J

    2017-09-26

    A diagnosis of pancreatic cancer is devastating owing to its poor prognosis, with a 5-year survival rate of only 9%. Currently, most individuals are diagnosed at a late stage when treatment options are limited. Early detection of pancreatic cancer provides the greatest hope for making substantial improvements in survival. The Kenner Family Research Fund in partnership with the American Pancreatic Association has sponsored a series of fora to stimulate discussion and collaboration on early detection of pancreatic cancer. At the first forum in 2014, "Early Detection of Sporadic Pancreatic Cancer Summit Conference," a strategic plan was set forth by an international group of interdisciplinary scientific representatives and subsequently The Strategic Map for Innovation was generated. The current conference report is the third forum in the series, "Early Detection of Pancreatic Cancer: The Role of Industry in the Development of Biomarkers," which was held in Boston, Massachusetts, on October 27, 2016. This report provides an overview of examples of innovative initiatives by industry and confirms the critical need for collaboration among industry, government, research institutions, and advocacy groups in order to make pancreatic cancer more easily detectable in its earlier stages, when it is more treatable.This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives License 4.0 (CCBY-NC-ND), where it is permissible to download and share the work provided it is properly cited. The work cannot be changed in any way or used commercially without permission from the journal.

  2. Towards developing a sustainable development framework for the aluminium casting industry

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Viljoen, HJ

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available has relatively cheap labour/energy, good potential, volume markets, that is, the automotive/domestic/electrical/ armaments/aerospace markets, and a very favourable business development and investment environment enabled by government, namely the Motor...

  3. Chief Development Tendencies, Structural Changes and Innovativeness of the Industrial and Service Sectors in Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dominiak Joanna

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The goal of this article is to determine regularities concerning structural changes in the industrial and service sectors in Poland in the light of trends observable in the development of the world and national economies. The analysis embraces Poland in the years of the socio-economic transformation, but because of access to comparable data it focuses mainly on the years 2000-2014. Use is made of measures commonly applied in economic geography (employment, gross value added and indicators based on them (mainly the structure and dynamics of change. First, the change in the role of the industrial and service sectors in the Polish economy as compared with other EU states is analysed in the light of the theoretical conceptions presented in the literature. Examined next are changes in the internal structure of the sectors and in the level of their innovativeness. The research showed there to be only slight changes in the role of the two sectors over the study period. Changes in the structure of the industrial sector tend towards its modernisation, which can signal steps taken for re-industrialisation.

  4. SUPPORTING THE INDUSTRY BY DEVELOPING A DESIGN GUIDANCE FOR COMPUTER-BASED PROCEDURES FOR FIELD WORKERS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oxstrand, Johanna; LeBlanc, Katya

    2017-06-01

    The paper-based procedures currently used for nearly all activities in the commercial nuclear power industry have a long history of ensuring safe operation of the plants. However, there is potential to greatly increase efficiency and safety by improving how the human interacts with the procedures, which can be achieved through the use of computer-based procedures (CBPs). A CBP system offers a vast variety of improvements, such as context driven job aids, integrated human performance tools and dynamic step presentation. As a step toward the goal of improving procedure use performance, the U.S. Department of Energy Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program researchers, together with the nuclear industry, have been investigating the possibility and feasibility of replacing current paper-based procedures with CBPs. The main purpose of the CBP research conducted at the Idaho National Laboratory was to provide design guidance to the nuclear industry to be used by both utilities and vendors. After studying existing design guidance for CBP systems, the researchers concluded that the majority of the existing guidance is intended for control room CBP systems, and does not necessarily address the challenges of designing CBP systems for instructions carried out in the field. Further, the guidance is often presented on a high level, which leaves the designer to interpret what is meant by the guidance and how to specifically implement it. The authors developed a design guidance to provide guidance specifically tailored to instructions that are carried out in the field based.

  5. Study of the development of domestic industrial tourism%国内工业旅游发展研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付业勤; 郑向敏

    2012-01-01

    Industrial tourism is a new form of tourism integrating industry and tourism. It springs up in the advantages of industrial economy and the industrial heritage region, when tourism industry has a considerable degree of development. This paper reviews the course of development of domestic tourism industry, and describes the development status of tourism industry in China from the regional distribution, industry distribution, resource type and mode of development, and it takes the national industrial tourism demonstration sites as the example. It generalizes the characteristics and effects of tourism industry, and presents the types of tourism resource and the main mode of development of industrial tourism. Finally, this paper proposes countermeasures of the development of domestic industrial tourism.%工业旅游是旅游产业发展到一定阶段以后,在工业经济优势地区或工业遗产区产生的,工业与旅游相融合的新型旅游形式。通过对国内工业旅游发展历程的回顾,以全国工业旅游示范点为例,从地区分布、行业分布、资源类型和发展模式方面介绍我国工业旅游的发展现状;分析工业旅游的特征和效应;对工业旅游的资源类型和主要发展模式进行概括总结,提出我国工业旅游的发展对策。

  6. Improving the Reverse Logistics Respecting Principles of Sustainable Development in an Industrial Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fidlerová, Helena; Mĺkva, Miroslava

    2016-06-01

    Reverse logistics, the movement of materials back up the supply chain, is recognised by many organisations as an opportunity for adding value. The paper considers the theoretical framework and the conception of reverse logistics in literature and practice. The objective of the article is to propose tangible solutions which eliminate the imbalances in reverse logistics and improve the waste management in the company. The case study focuses on the improvement in the process of waste packaging in the context of sustainable development as a part of reverse logistics in the surveyed industrial company in Slovakia.

  7. Improving the Reverse Logistics Respecting Principles of Sustainable Development in an Industrial Company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fidlerová Helena

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Reverse logistics, the movement of materials back up the supply chain, is recognised by many organisations as an opportunity for adding value. The paper considers the theoretical framework and the conception of reverse logistics in literature and practice. The objective of the article is to propose tangible solutions which eliminate the imbalances in reverse logistics and improve the waste management in the company. The case study focuses on the improvement in the process of waste packaging in the context of sustainable development as a part of reverse logistics in the surveyed industrial company in Slovakia.

  8. Quantitative analysis on the contribution of industrial structure change to sustainable development: a case study of Fujian Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lin Qing; Wang Ying

    2009-01-01

    Development and sustainability are the core connotation of sustainable development.Sustainahility of economic development and the provision capability of resources and environment ore teo aspects of sustainable development.The former ones are the foundation of the latter ones.Industrial structure has a close relutionship with sustainable development.The optumization of industrial strneture is the important base for the sustainable development of modern economy and also the important ways of the sustainable utilization of resources and environment.The intensive growth effect of industrial structure change has the meaning of sustainable development.This paper reviews and explains the theory on the contribution of industrial structure change to sustainable development,builds the calculation model through introducing the coefficient of industrtal structure change,makes an empirical study on the contribution of indnstrial structure change to sustainable development in Fujian,and puts forward ways and polictes af optimizing industrial structure both among mdustries and inside the industry in the process of industrial structure change.

  9. An Analysis of the Importance of the Circulation Industry in the Western Ethnic Region and Its Development Strategy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Rongqing

    2013-01-01

    The western ethnic region is that part of China where there is a concentration of eth-nic minority nationalities .This includes the Tibet Autonomous Region , Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region , Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region , Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region , and three other provinces where the minority nationalities are relatively con-centrated , namely Yunnan , Guizhou and Qinghai . The circulation industry is an important part of the“tertiary sector of industry”.Circulation refers to the process in which the products of the producers reach the consumers via wholesalers and retailers . Broadly speaking , the circulation industry is the sum total of all the commercial relations of the commodity owners .It is the collection of the flow of products, logistics, flow of information and flow of capital, including wholesale, retail, logistics, catering, information, financial industries etc . However , the circulation industry , in a narrow sense , only refers to the wholesaling and retailing industries .The circulation industry is the basic in-dustry in the national economy; it is the base for external exchanges , for urban development , and for the ordinary life of the general public .The cir-culation industry ’ s role in promoting the national economy is greater than the national economy ’ s role in promoting the circulation industry . Developing the circulation industry could im-prove the economic development and social stabili-ty of the western ethnic region .Firstly, it can meet the needs of the people ’ s daily life and promote economic development .Secondly , it can popular-ize the principles of “contract culture” and market economy.Thirdly, it can increase the employment rate and promote social stability .Fourthly, it can promote the population mobility rate; increase ex-ternal economic exchange; and promote the eco-nomic position of the western ethnic region . Through commercial exchange and co -operation, there

  10. Clustering as a determinant of development the competitive pharmaceutical industry - example of Nutribiomed cluster

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Skowrońska

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Continuous improvement and follow the technology seems to be particularly important in terms of health. Given the epidemiological trends is necessary to develop advanced technologies in the medical and pharmaceutical industries. Only innovative solutions offer a chance for a battle with disease, for example, with tumors which are one of the leading causes of death in Europe. This approach perfectly illustrates the strategy known as open innovation, according to which companies should learn from external sources by combining complementary ideas for its ongoing operations. The pharmaceutical industry has a significant impact on the functioning of not only the economy, but it is also closely linked to the health sector, and thus affects the level and quality of life of societies. In this context it becomes particularly important to seek solutions that will ensure the free flow of knowledge and access to highly specialized techniques, which in turn have a positive impact on the health of citizens. Analysis of the functioning of the pharmaceutical clusters is based on case study cluster Nutribiomed. The results achieved in many areas of activity confirm the legitimate use of the structure of the group of highly specialized industry, which is the drug market and indicates a number of benefits associated with the operation as part of its structure.

  11. Research on the Balanced Development of China’s Urbanization and Industrialization in Eastern,Central,Western and Northeastern Regions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    According to the relationship between urbanization development and industrialization development since the opening up and reform of China,the quantitative analysis of I/U and N/U is conducted.The results show that the overall level of China’s urbanization lags behind that of the industrialization,and this phenomenon of lag tends to dwindle.In 2003,the relationship between China’s urbanization and industrialization was most balanced,but after 2003,the phenomenon of urbanization lagging behind industrialization tends to distend gradually again;being that the development of urbanization is influenced by natural basis and policy,different regions have different cases.In the eastern and central region,the urbanization lags behind industrialization;in the northeastern region,the urbanization preponderate over industrialization;in the western region,the level of urbanization is not high,but it develops along with the industrialization in tandem.The regional difference of urbanization and industrialization requires that different should implement different policies.The eastern region still has great developmental space,and it should implement the strategy of urbanization as soon as possible;on the basis of expanding the current urban scale and improving quality,the central region should quicken the development of central cities;the western region should choose the path of concentrated-type urbanization;the three northeastern provinces should give priority to improving the quality of local industrialization vigorously and promoting the rapid upgrade of industrial structure,so as to propel the balanced development of urbanization and industrialization.

  12. CFD Applied to Process Development in the Oil and Gas Industry – A Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raynal L.

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD is increasingly used in the oil and gas industry. The present article aims to show how CFD can be used at all steps of the development of a new process, with a focus on refining technologies. Those different steps consist first of setting up tools that will be used during the development phase, second of obtaining data in complement with experiments required for the process development, and finally, of troubleshooting actions or technology developments that will make the process even more efficient. A large number of applications corresponding to various flow configurations, single-phase or gas-liquid, gas-solid or even gas-liquid-solid, characterised by significantly different scales and requiring adapted simulation approaches, are discussed based on original results and a review of the literature. Perspectives are given in particular on the multi-scale approach and physical phenomena coupling.

  13. Development and training for the professional of the gas distribution industry in Brazil; Formation des professionnels de l'industrie de la distribution du gaz au Bresil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hatsumi Nagato, D. [Workout Energy Business (Brazil)

    2000-07-01

    This work will present a Training and Development model for professionals of the gas distribution industry. Today's there are not schools developing gas related subjects. It's important to give to the future gas man, the knowledge needed to develop their activities. This can be achieved by focusing on criteria based on The Competency Concept and Learning Organization. To develop professional 'competency' we consider this tree of basic points: to know, to know how to do and wish to do ( willing ). We are going to present the 'minimum' 'competences' required for gas distribution companies and the methods used to qualify people for emergent gas industries, considering basically four professionals groups: workers, technicians, engineers and managers. (author)

  14. Recomendations concerning technical research and development with the purpose to industrially exploit marine algae

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hahn-Haegerdal, B.

    1980-10-01

    This report formulates a proposal for a program for technical research and development concerning use of Marine algae.The report is based on a retrospective literature search, an inquiry to potential algae users and producers in Sweden, visits to and correspondence with scientists and industries in Sweden and abroad. Technical research and development concerning marine algae is needed within the following fields: -Development of new sorts of algae offering resistance to parasite and disease adoptation to cultivation and har- vesting systems,and high-yielding concerning technically interesting components. -Development of suitable cultivation systems for Swedish conditions. -Co-cultivation of fish, mussels, oysters and crustaceans with algae. -Development of harvesting systems. -Methane rotting. -Fatty acid/hydrocarbon production as an alternative to methane rotting. -Physical-chemical properties of marine polysaccharides in relation to their technical properties. -Marine algae as fodder supplement.

  15. Physical indicators as a basis for estimating energy efficiency developments in the Dutch industry. Update 2007

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roes, L.; Neelis, M.; Ramirez, A.

    2007-04-15

    In 2004, a method was developed for calculating energy efficiency developments in the Dutch manufacturing industry using physical indicators of production. The method and its application to calculate energy efficiency developments in the Dutch manufacturing industry for the time period 1993-2001 is described in another. The method is used as part of the yearly calculation of energy savings in the Netherlands according to the Protocol Monitoring Energy Savings performed by the Platform Monitoring Energy Savings. On request of this platform, the calculations carried out in 2004 have been updated in 2005 for the years 2002 and 2003 and were published in the 2005 update. In this report, an update is made for the years 2004 and 2005. The authors present the results of the extended calculations for the years 1995-2005. In Chapter 2 of this report, an overview is given of data sources that were used in this study. In Chapter 3, changes compared to the analysis from 2005 are discussed and the results presented. It should be emphasised that this report does not contain background information on the method applied. For information on the method see the 2004 report. Furthermore, the focus of this report is on presenting the results of the calculations. Less attention is paid to analysing, explaining and interpreting the results.

  16. Stakeholders’ analysis of the medical tourism industry: development strategies in Isfahan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jabbari, Alireza; Ferdosi, Masoud; Keyvanara, Mahmoud; Agharahimi, Zahra

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: Policy makers and decision makers must identify the stakeholders in medical tourism, who will be affected by and/or affect this industry, and determine their status for partnership. The aim of this study was to identify the main stakeholders in Isfahan's medical tourism, analyze them, and provide strategies for developing this industry. Materials and Methods: A qualitative study was conducted in 2011. At first, the key stakeholders in medical tourism were identified in accordance with the experts’ idea and literature review. Then we interviewed the key stakeholders. Data analysis was conducted using the stakeholders’ analyses, which helped in developing strategies. Results: The result showed that the key stakeholders were made up of nine groups. They included the provincial governance of Isfahan, the Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization of Isfahan, the Chamber of Commerce, the Medical Council, the Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, health service providers, tourism services providers, investors, and the Tosea Saderat Bank. The rate of knowledge of the Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization of Isfahan, clinic and international relationship of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences from government policy about medical tourism were very much. Private Hospitals, the Medical Council, investors, and the University of Medical Sciences had great power. Private hospitals, clinics, the Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization of Isfahan, and the University of Medical Sciences were in the supporter position. The effected strategies were the included strategies, focused on increasing power; increasing support, and on maintaining the position. Conclusion: There are different stakeholders in the medical tourism industry. Thus, policy makers can plan, make a policy and decision, and use effective strategies to develop medical tourism by designing a medical tourism stakeholders’ network, a medical tourism provincial council, and clarify the

  17. Stakeholders' analysis of the medical tourism industry: development strategies in Isfahan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jabbari, Alireza; Ferdosi, Masoud; Keyvanara, Mahmoud; Agharahimi, Zahra

    2013-01-01

    Policy makers and decision makers must identify the stakeholders in medical tourism, who will be affected by and/or affect this industry, and determine their status for partnership. The aim of this study was to identify the main stakeholders in Isfahan's medical tourism, analyze them, and provide strategies for developing this industry. A qualitative study was conducted in 2011. At first, the key stakeholders in medical tourism were identified in accordance with the experts' idea and literature review. Then we interviewed the key stakeholders. Data analysis was conducted using the stakeholders' analyses, which helped in developing strategies. The result showed that the key stakeholders were made up of nine groups. They included the provincial governance of Isfahan, the Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization of Isfahan, the Chamber of Commerce, the Medical Council, the Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, health service providers, tourism services providers, investors, and the Tosea Saderat Bank. The rate of knowledge of the Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization of Isfahan, clinic and international relationship of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences from government policy about medical tourism were very much. Private Hospitals, the Medical Council, investors, and the University of Medical Sciences had great power. Private hospitals, clinics, the Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization of Isfahan, and the University of Medical Sciences were in the supporter position. The effected strategies were the included strategies, focused on increasing power; increasing support, and on maintaining the position. There are different stakeholders in the medical tourism industry. Thus, policy makers can plan, make a policy and decision, and use effective strategies to develop medical tourism by designing a medical tourism stakeholders' network, a medical tourism provincial council, and clarify the roles and responsibilities of stakeholders.

  18. The Coordinated Development of Sports Industry and Tourism under the Perspective of Soft Power: A Case Study of Henan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qinru; SI

    2014-01-01

    As an industry representing soft power,the coordinated development between sports industry and tourism plays an important role in promoting economic growth. Using the cointegration theory,we carry out empirical test of economic growth,the output value of sport and tourism income; using the coordination theory,we carry out the evaluation of the coordinated development between sports industry and tourism.It is found in the study that there is a long-term stable dynamic equilibrium relationship among economic growth,the output value of sport and tourism income. The sports industry and tourism in Henan Province have undergone six stages( imbalance-on the verge of imbalance- barely coordinated-primarily coordinated- moderately coordinated- well coordinated). In the process of coordinated development,sports industry significantly lags behind tourism,so it is necessary to strengthen the sports industry personnel’s quality,and optimize the coordination between the sports industry and tourism,so as to promote economic development level.

  19. Product Development in the Automotive Industry – Crucial Success Drivers for Technological Innovations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gerhard, D.; Brem, Alexander; Voigt, K.-I.

    2008-01-01

    Developing new innovative products in the automotive industrymeans investing huge sums in advance, as one does not know if the productwill be successful on the market after launch. Hence, companies are interestedin knowing and measuring the critical success drivers within the developmentsteps......), an explorative study in the German automotive industry showsthat the findings are confirmed in practice as well. However, the results alsoindicate that there is still a gap between knowledge about practical relevance of those dimensions and the systematic assessment of these in the process. Thestudy shows...

  20. Sustainable Development of the Cement Industry and Blended Cements to Meet Ecological Challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Konstantin Sobolev

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The world production of cement has greatly increased in the past 10 years. This trend is the most significant factor affecting technological development and the updating of manufacturing facilities in the cement industry. Existing technology for the production of cement clinker is ecologically damaging; it consumes much energy and natural resources and also emits pollutants. A new approach to the production of blended or high-volume mineral additive (HVMA cement helps to improve its ecological compatibility. HVMA cement technology is based on the intergrinding of portland cement clinker, gypsum, mineral additives, and a special complex admixture. This new method increases the compressive strength of ordinary cement, improves durability of the cement-based materials, and - at the same time - uses inexpensive natural mineral additives or industrial by-products. This improvement leads to a reduction of energy consumption per unit of the cement produced. Higher strength, better durability, reduction of pollution at the clinker production stage, and decrease of landfill area occupied by industrial by-products, all provide ecological advantages for HVMA cement.

  1. Sustainable development of the cement industry and blended cements to meet ecological challenges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sobolev, Konstantin

    2003-05-05

    The world production of cement has greatly increased in the past 10 years. This trend is the most significant factor affecting technological development and the updating of manufacturing facilities in the cement industry. Existing technology for the production of cement clinker is ecologically damaging; it consumes much energy and natural resources and also emits pollutants. A new approach to the production of blended or high-volume mineral additive (HVMA) cement helps to improve its ecological compatibility. HVMA cement technology is based on the intergrinding of portland cement clinker, gypsum, mineral additives, and a special complex admixture. This new method increases the compressive strength of ordinary cement, improves durability of the cement-based materials, and--at the same time--uses inexpensive natural mineral additives or industrial by-products. This improvement leads to a reduction of energy consumption per unit of the cement produced. Higher strength, better durability, reduction of pollution at the clinker production stage, and decrease of landfill area occupied by industrial by-products, all provide ecological advantages for HVMA cement.

  2. Physical indicators as a basis for estimating energy efficiency developments in the Dutch industry. Update 2005

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Neelis, M.; Ramirez, A.; Patel, M.

    2005-07-15

    In 2004, a method was developed for calculating energy efficiency developments in the Dutch manufacturing industry using physical indicators of production. The method and its application to calculate energy efficiency developments in the Dutch manufacturing industry for the time period 1993-2001 is described in elsewhere. The method is used as part of the yearly calculation of energy savings in the Netherlands according to the Protocol Monitoring Energy Savings performed by the Platform Monitoring Energy Savings. On request of this platform, the calculations done in 2004 are updated and extended by two additional years (2002 and 2003) for which production statistics have, in the meantime, become available. In this report, we give the results of the extended calculations for the years 1993-2003. In Chapter 2 the additional data sources used are summarized and compared to the analysis done in 2004. The results are given in Chapter 3. It should be emphasised that the authors do not give any background on the method applied for which they refer to the 2004 report. Furthermore, they focus in this report on presenting the results of the calculations and only give minor attention to analysing, explaining and interpreting the results that were found.

  3. TOWARDS AN IMPROVED PROCESS FOR DEVELOPING NEW PRODUCTS IN THE SOUTH AFRICAN DEFENCE INDUSTRY.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mercer J. Potgieter

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available

    ENGLISH ABSTRACT: The purpose of this paper is to propose a single New Product Development (NPD process for the Departmental Acquisition and Procurement Division (DAPD, Arrnscor and the South African Defence Industry. It examines the success factors and measures that contribute to the probability of success of NPD ventures . The NPD processes are grouped in three categories: information transfer, phased product development and integrated product development.
    NPD processes currently applied in the Department of Defence (000 of the United Kingdom (UK, United States of America (USA and South Africa are examined and evaluated against research findings on success factors for NPD. These NPD processes were taken into account in developing the proposed process.

    AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Die doe! van die artikel is om 'n enkcle Nuwe Produk Ontwikkeling (NPO proses vir die Departementele Aanskaffing en Verkryging Afdeling , Krygkor en die Suid-Afrikaansc Krygstuig Industrie voor te stel. Die suksesfaktore en metings wat mag bydra tot die waarskynlikheid van die sukses van die NPO onderncming word ondersoek. Die NPO prosesse word gegroepeer in drie kategoriee nl. inligting oordrag, gefasseerde produkontwikkeling en geintegreerde produkontwikkeling .
    Die NPO prosesse wat tans toegepas word deur die Departemente van Verdediging van die Verenigde Koninkryk, Verenigde State van Amerika en Suid-Afrika word ondersoek en ge-evalueer teen navorsing wat NPO sukses faktore identifiseer. Hierdie prosessc is in ag geneem by die ontwikkeling van die voorgestelde proses.

  4. The development of the infrastructure of the environmentally-friendly goods market of industrial region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    О.V. Bieliakova

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article. In this article the author analyses the processes of formation of the environmentally-friendly goods market infrastructure in Ukraines industrially developed regions with the definition of the key factors of influence on these processes.The results of the analysis. It is established, that in the conditions of development of the environmentally-friendly goods market infrastructure important role is played by the process of ecologically clean products marketing organization and management. In connection with the dynamics of consumers needs management of enterprises activities in the market of environmentally friendly products should be cycled for efficient tracking of the changes in the market situation and make appropriate adjustments to the strategy and tactics of enterprises activity.System development of industrial developed regions market infrastructure of ecologically pure products presents how the system of relationships between the state institutions, business structures and public sector of the economy in the format of subjects and objects interaction.Found that the methodological approach to the study of the green infrastructure of the consumer market provides a comprehensive subjects characterization: the analysis of the commodity market at the first stage, a detailed analysis and evaluation of the structure of commodity markets of different types the II stage of the concentrations assessment processes; competition for the quantitative parameters and qualitative indicators at the third stage.While designing the interventions of competition policy characteristic of the markets openness is traditionally taken into account when the level of domestic producers competitiveness on the domestic and foreign markets determines. After all, the ability of sellers from other regions or other countries to logon to the commodity market significantly reduces market concentration and the threat of monopoly behavior. Study of the

  5. Petroleum industry development in Alberta, Canada: The relationship between governments and the private sector

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Day, M.J. (Alberta Dept. of Energy, AB (Canada))

    Canada is a federation of ten provinces and two territories. The provinces own and manage their petroleum resources. The location of these resources differs considerably from the markets in which they are consumed. Sustaining the petroleum industry in Alberta necessitates a close working relationship between the federal and provincial levels of government, both of which have taxation-related powers, and a large, complex private sector comprising integrated and non-integrated explorers, producers, marketers and contractors. This relationship recognizes the competitive nature of the petroleum industry and the priorities of the varous governments within which the industry must operate. Fluctuations in international petroleum price, supply and demand cause priorities between governments, between industry and government, and within industry itself, to shift dramatically. Key policy areas for any jurisdiction wishing to sustain a petroleum industry include over-all political and business stability, taxation, repartriation of capital, local participation, exploration access acquisition, retention and return of petroleum rights, worksite safety, environmental protection, information disclosure, resource revenue and conservation, upgrading, transporting, domestic and export marketing and end-product pricing. Frequent consultation with industry associations is critical to maintaining an effective policy balance. 16 figs.

  6. Development policy for the Brazilian health industry and qualification of national public laboratories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Viana, Ana Luiza d'Ávila; Silva, Hudson Pacifico da; Ibañez, Nelson; Iozzi, Fabíola Lana

    2016-11-03

    Technological innovations play a decisive role in societies' development by contributing to economic growth and the population's welfare. The state has a key role in this process by inducing innovative behavior, strategies, and decisions. This study addresses Brazil's current policy for development of the health industry and its effects on qualification of national public laboratories by contextualizing different cycles of interaction between health policy and the industrial base, discussing the government's development strategy and the transfer and absorption of health technology (through Industrial Development Partnerships), and presenting two current partnerships involving public laboratories in the production of medicines and vaccines. Resumo: As inovações tecnológicas jogam papel decisivo no processo de desenvolvimento das sociedades, visto que contribuem para gerar crescimento econômico e bem-estar da população. O Estado possui grande importância e centralidade nesse processo, pois pode induzir fortemente o comportamento, as estratégias e as decisões relativas à inovação. O presente artigo tem por objetivo investigar a atual política de desenvolvimento produtivo em saúde no Brasil e seus reflexos sobre a capacitação dos laboratórios públicos nacionais. Para essa finalidade, contextualiza os diferentes ciclos de interação entre a política de saúde e a sua base produtiva, discute a estratégia do governo brasileiro para o desenvolvimento, a transferência e a absorção de tecnologia na área da saúde (as parcerias para o desenvolvimento produtivo) e apresenta duas parcerias vigentes envolvendo laboratórios públicos para a produção de medicamentos e vacinas.

  7. Development and industrial tests of the first LNG hydraulic turbine system in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jie Chen

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The cryogenic hydraulic turbine can be used to replace the conventional J–T valve for LNG or mixed refrigerant throttling and depressurization in a natural gas liquefaction plant. This advanced technology is not only to enhance the efficiency of the liquefaction plant, but to usher a new trend in the development of global liquefaction technologies. China has over 136 liquefaction plants, but the cryogenic hydraulic turbines have not been deployed in industrial utilization. In addition, these turbines cannot be manufactured domestically. In this circumstance, through working on the key technologies for LNG hydraulic turbine process & control system development, hydraulic model optimization design, structure design and manufacturing, the first domestic cryogenic hydraulic turbine with a flow rate of 40 m3/h was developed to recover the pressure energy from the LNG of cold box. The turbine was installed in the CNOOC Zhuhai Natural Gas Liquefaction Plant for industrial tests under multiple working conditions, including start-stop, variable flow rates and variable rotation speeds. Test results show that the domestic LNG cryogenic hydraulic turbine has satisfactory mechanical and operational performances at low temperatures as specified in design. In addition, the process & control system and frequency-conversion power-generation system of the turbine system are designed properly to automatically and smoothly replace the existing LNG J–T valve. As a result, the domestic LNG cryogenic hydraulic turbine system can improve LNG production by an average of 2% and generate power of 8.3 kW.

  8. The Prevalence of UX Design in Agile Development Processes in Industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Øvad, Tina; Larsen, Lars Bo

    2015-01-01

    The gap between how the academic world develops usability and user experience (UX) methods, and how the industry employs these methods is perceived as both broad and deep. But is that the real picture -- and has there been a change in how companies work within these fields over the past two years...... formalized UX processes. They also allocated more resources to conduct UX and usability work than earlier. We found that all of the companies made use of low-fi prototyping, followed by usability testing, workshops, personas, expert evaluations, user or customer journeys, customer visits and user task...... analyses. Almost all the companies carried out development using the Scrum framework. All of the companies were interested in the idea of agile UX, and found the idea of using the developers as a UX resource interesting. This, together with an idea of modifying existing usability methods to be used...

  9. Development of alternative energies for oil and the problems facing industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Idemura, H.

    1982-01-01

    According to a provisional long-term energy forecast, Japan's degree of dependence on oil will drop from its present 74% to 62.9% in 1985 and to 48.1% in 1995. This is an indication of the amount of alternative energy required. Explanations are given of the characteristics of the following alternative energy sources: coal, natural gas, atomic energy, geothermal, solar energy, biomass, chemical energy, and energy from wastes. There is an introduction to the role and function of the engineering industry, which is closely related to the development of these energies.

  10. Electronic Commerce Readiness in Developing Countries: The Case of the Chinese Grocery Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Kurnia, Sherah; Peng, Fei

    2010-01-01

    Currently, e-Commerce has been used within the industry to various degrees, with retailers leading the way in incorporating e-Commerce technologies into the majority of their daily operations. Some of the major retailers have already introduced transactional and interactive websites to facilitate B2C and B2B e-Commerce. However the majority of the businesses within the grocery industry possess only standalone internal computer networks and websites. The e-Commerce readiness of the Chinese gro...

  11. Research on the Policy Orientation of Government in Agricultural Industrialization Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Governmental functions in agricultural industrialization management are analyzed, mainly including supplying public products, providing property right security, managing and protecting resources and environment as well as stabilizing the agro-product market. The policy orientation promoted by the government in agricultural industrialization management is pointed out: formulating a series of macro-management planning to guide and regulate agricultural industrialization operation; fully playing the comprehensive coordinating role of "economic manager"; making and carrying out relevant laws and regulations to normalize the implementation of agricultural industrialization management. To implement the industrial management of agriculture and promote the construction of new countryside, governments at all levels should eliminate the institutional barriers, transform governmental functions gradually and prioritize planning, regulation, service and supervision, changing from merely management to playing the role of market mechanism. Meanwhile, economic, legal and administrative means should be properly adopted to advance the industrial management and the healthy improvement of modern agriculture.

  12. New Zealand’s Drug Development Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher Carswell

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The pharmaceutical industry’s profitability depends on identifying and successfully developing new drug candidates while trying to contain the increasing costs of drug development. It is actively searching for new sources of innovative compounds and for mechanisms to reduce the enormous costs of developing new drug candidates. There is an opportunity for academia to further develop as a source of drug discovery. The rising levels of industry outsourcing also provide prospects for organisations that can reduce the costs of drug development. We explored the potential returns to New Zealand (NZ from its drug discovery expertise by assuming a drug development candidate is out-licensed without clinical data and has anticipated peak global sales of $350 million. We also estimated the revenue from NZ’s clinical research industry based on a standard per participant payment to study sites and the number of industry-sponsored clinical trials approved each year. Our analyses found that NZ’s clinical research industry has generated increasing foreign revenue and appropriate policy support could ensure that this continues to grow. In addition the probability-based revenue from the out-licensing of a drug development candidate could be important for NZ if provided with appropriate policy and financial support.

  13. MODELLING THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE INTEGRATION PROCESSES DIRECTION IN THE BAKING INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tetyana Kublikova

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the characteristics of the economic interaction between organizations and enterprises within the system of cluster type and the direction of their investment and innovation transformation through the implementation of the integration processes in the bakery industry.

  14. THE INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT IN POLAND AND ROMANIA IN THE LAST 100 YEARS. THEORY OF PATH DEPENDENCY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    IVANOV LAURENTIU

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The present economic crisis has highlighted a country in transition to a market economy, which has not experienced economic recession: Poland. The Polish experience cannot be overlooked because the country‘s positive economic evolution was completely different from the evolution of the largest European economies, many of them facing distressful situations for long periods of time. The question to be addressed in this paper is „Could the present economic realities be partially influenced by the historical evolution of a country? “ The theory of path dependency is rooted in economic history, but it has a relevant contribution latest from Paul David (1985 which explains excellent the existing gap of economic development existing between Western Europe and Central and Eastern Europe, highlighted by the GDP / capita over the last 200 years. Regarding this theory, the present paper will highlight the industrial developments in Romania and Poland in relation to developed countries for the period 1918 to present and will conduct a comparative analysis between the two countries. The conclusions of the present study will be a part of my doctoral research.

  15. I3Mote: An Open Development Platform for the Intelligent Industrial Internet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinez, Borja; Vilajosana, Xavier; Kim, Il Han; Zhou, Jianwei; Tuset-Peiró, Pere; Xhafa, Ariton; Poissonnier, Dominique; Lu, Xiaolin

    2017-04-28

    In this article we present the Intelligent Industrial Internet (I3) Mote, an open hardware platform targeting industrial connectivity and sensing deployments. The I3Mote features the most advanced low-power components to tackle sensing, on-board computing and wireless/wired connectivity for demanding industrial applications. The platform has been designed to fill the gap in the industrial prototyping and early deployment market with a compact form factor, low-cost and robust industrial design. I3Mote is an advanced and compact prototyping system integrating the required components to be deployed as a product, leveraging the need for adopting industries to build their own tailored solution. This article describes the platform design, firmware and software ecosystem and characterizes its performance in terms of energy consumption.

  16. Power and Knowledge: The Role of Industry Partners in Knowledge-Intensive Networks in New Materials Development Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Godfrey,Shane

    2005-01-01

    This article deals with the power wielded by the primary industry partners in knowledge-intensive networks in the new materials development technology field. Industry partners have a disproportionate influence on the structure and functioning of networks. The power can be explicit or invisible and is mediated and reshaped by factors such as the…

  17. Development of an Integrative Program of Nanosafety: Promote the Coordination Between Industries and Risk Assessor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emond, Claude; Kouassi, Serge; Schuster, Frédéric

    2013-04-01

    Nanomaterials are widely present in many industrial sectors (e.g., chemical, biomedical, environment), and their application is expected to significantly expand in the coming years. However, nanomaterial use raises many questions about the potential risks to human health and the environment and, more specifically, to occupational health. The available literature supports the ability of the lung, gastrointestinal tract, and skin to act as significant barriers against systemic exposure to many nanomaterials. However, because a potential risk issue exists about the toxicity of nanomaterials to the biological material, tools need to be developed for improving the risk management of the regulators. The goal is to develop a tool that examines the current knowledge base regarding the health risks posed by engineered nanoparticles to improve nanotechnology safety prior to the marketing phase. The approach proposed during this work was to establish a safety assessment constructed on a decision-control pathway regarding nanomaterial production and consumer's product to integrate different aspects. These aspects include: (1) primarily research and identification of the nanomaterial base of physicochemical properties, toxicity, and application; (2) the occupational exposure risk during the manufacturing process; (3) and the engineered nanomaterial upon the consumer product. This approach provides important parameters to reduce the uncertainty related to the production of nanomaterials prior their commercialization, reduce the reluctance from the industry, and provide a certification tool of sanitary control for the regulators. This work provides a better understanding of a critical issue of nanomaterials and consumer safety.

  18. Contribution of Kenyan University Undergraduate Fashion and Apparel Design Programs towards the Manpower Development for the Kenyan Apparel Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rael Chepchumba Maiyo

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Worldwide, the contribution of university fashion design training programs towards the manpower development for the fashion and apparel (FA industry cannot be underestimated. The objective of this paper is to identify the contribution of Kenyan University undergraduate fashion and apparel design programs (UUGFADPs towards manpower development for Kenyan FA industry. Descriptive survey was used to collect data at Kenyatta, Maseno, Egerton, University of Eldoret (UoE, University of Eastern Africa-Baraton (UEAB and fashion and apparel design (FAD firms in Nairobi, Nakuru, Mombasa, Athi River, Eldoret and Kisumu. The target population was Kenyan university departments offering UUGFADPs as well as their graduates. Purposive and snowball sampling were employed to select 208 respondents. Data collection methods were questionnaires, in-depth oral interviews, and document analysis. Qualitative data were coded according to patterns and themes and presented descriptively. Quantitative data was analyzed and summarized using descriptive statistics then presented in tables. Findings indicate that Kenyan UUGFADPs contributed to FA industry through research, training for various roles, job creation and community development. this paper recommends that for the UUGFADPs to give maximum contribution to the apparel industry, the FAD departments and FA industry should establish strong university-industry linkages and that the Kenyan government, through the relevant ministries should support the FA industry by job creation and identification.

  19. China Accelerates Development of Coalbed Methane Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Shenyan

    1997-01-01

    @@ Coalbed methane is a kind of natural gas self-accumulated in coalbed and adjacent strata. It was usually regarded hazardous in coal mine production and drained with an aim of coal mine safe production in the past time. Many countries have re-cently attached great importance to the development of coalbed methane since the United States developed the technique of extraction of coalbed methane through drilling a hole from the surface in the 1980s. It has rapidly become a new industrial sector, which provides both clean gas energy for residential and industrial purposes and raw material for chemical products such as fertilizer,carbon black and methanol.

  20. Management coordinations on steel industry in the context of durable development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. Pandia

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The durable development imposes the respect of economic, social and environment-protection requests. The objective of this paper is the emphasis of applying a rational management at the level of all the siderurgical operators in order for a healthy economic growth to be assured, correlated with the environment protection. In this sense, the study is based on the analysis of a data set which relates to the growth rhythm of the gross domestic product (GDP, raw steel production and the consume of finished steel products per capita for the significant countries from the perspective of these indicators. Also, there are emphasized the objectives of sustainable development and the requests of the systematic management imposed by them at the level of the operators from the siderurgical industry.

  1. Application of the cyclic theory and the theory of competitive advantages to the forecasting the directions of innovation development of the pulp and paper industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    А.R. Dunska

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Two basic approaches to forecasting the innovative development of industries: cyclic theory and theory of competitive advantages are identified and analyzed in the article. The necessity of taking into account the specific of industries in predicting their innovative development is substantiated. Basic theoretical concepts are used to predict the development of the pulp and paper industry. It is proposed classification of innovative types of companies that helps to the form the direction of innovative development.

  2. DEVELOPMENT OF THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY IN RUSSIA ON THE BASIS OF THE MECHANISM OF ROAD MAPS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. E. Sysoev

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Summary. Currently, the construction industry in Russia is actively used tools road maps aimed at the implementation of measures to improve the business environment in the industry. Their implementation faces a number of obstacles arising from the inadequate accounting risks. As a result, the effectiveness of action plans is significantly different from the planned indicators. When implementing the road maps in the construction sector there are many risks, chief among which are: the risks of insufficient scientific support, the country risks, regional risks, industry, social and other types of risks. One of the main currently are legal risks, as required for the implementation of the road map legislative support is often lacking, and its adoption or amendment of existing rules is delayed. Only the sound management of these categories of risk will achieve positive changes in the planned construction. We can conclude that the road map implemented in the construction of a conceptually new tool in solving accumulated problems in the industry. Produced research shows quite high efficiency implementation of the roadmap for specific projects at the regional level. However, the high probability of failure inherent goals due to insufficient account of risks can significantly degrade the planned results.

  3. From Family Based to Industrial Based Production: Local Economic Development Initiatives and the HELIX Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bartjan W Pennink

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available To build a strong local economy, good practice tells us that each community should undertake a collaborative, strategically planned process to understand and then act upon its own strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats. From this perspective we start with the local communities but how is this related to the perspective from the Helix model in which three actors are explicitly introduced: the Government, the Industry and the Universities? The purpose of local economic development (LED is to build up the economic capacity of a local area to improve its economic future and the quality of life for all. To support  the Local Economic Development in remote areas,   a program  has been developed based on the LED frame work of the world bank. This approach and  the experiences over  the past years with this program are  described in the first part.  In the second part of the paper, We analyse work done with that program with the help of the social capital concept and the triple helix model.  In all cases it is important to pay attention to who is taken the initiative after the first move (and it is not always the governance as actor and for the triple helix we suggest  that the concepts of (national Government, Industry and University need a translation to Local Governance Agency, Cooperation or other ways of cooperation of local communities and Local Universities. Although a push from outside might help  a local region in development the endogenous factors are  also needed. Keywords: Triple Helix model, Local Economic Development, Local Actors, Double Triangle within the Helix Model

  4. The development of the methodical approach to value business appraisal within the integration policy for industrial enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karelina M.

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available At present, a positive trend in the development of corporate integration processes in industrial economics of the Russian Federation is frequently accompanied by a negative dynamics in their efficiency indicators. This causes the necessity for development of an integrated approach to integration transaction valuation using mathematical and statistical methods of research in order to increase the competitiveness of the Russian industry under conditions of the economic sanctions. The paper presents the methodical approach developed to value business appraisal of industrial enterprises based on the integration of profitable, cost-based, sales comparative approaches and the method of real options using weights Fishburne. In this paper, we propose a methodical approach that provides an integrated value appraisal of the target company and preliminary substantiates the expediency of mergers and acquisitions. In addition, this methodical approach is the foundation for high quality and reliable evaluation of the synergistic effect.

  5. The Empirical Relationship between Mining Industry Development and Environmental Pollution in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Gerui; Lei, Yalin; Ge, Jianping; Wu, Sanmang

    2017-03-02

    This study uses a vector autoregression (VAR) model to analyze changes in pollutants among different mining industries and related policy in China from 2001 to 2014. The results show that: (1) because the pertinence of standards for mining waste water and waste gas emissions are not strong and because the maximum permissible discharge pollutant concentrations in these standards are too high, ammonia nitrogen and industrial sulfur dioxide discharges increased in most mining industries; (2) chemical oxygen demand was taken as an indicator of sewage treatment in environmental protection plans; hence, the chemical oxygen demand discharge decreased in all mining industries; (3) tax reduction policies, which are only implemented in coal mining and washing and extraction of petroleum and natural gas, decreased the industrial solid waste discharge in these two mining industries.

  6. The Empirical Relationship between Mining Industry Development and Environmental Pollution in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerui Li

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available This study uses a vector autoregression (VAR model to analyze changes in pollutants among different mining industries and related policy in China from 2001 to 2014. The results show that: (1 because the pertinence of standards for mining waste water and waste gas emissions are not strong and because the maximum permissible discharge pollutant concentrations in these standards are too high, ammonia nitrogen and industrial sulfur dioxide discharges increased in most mining industries; (2 chemical oxygen demand was taken as an indicator of sewage treatment in environmental protection plans; hence, the chemical oxygen demand discharge decreased in all mining industries; (3 tax reduction policies, which are only implemented in coal mining and washing and extraction of petroleum and natural gas, decreased the industrial solid waste discharge in these two mining industries.

  7. The Impact of Imports on the Dynamics of the Regional Manufacturing Industry Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor Olegovich Botkin

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study is to identify regions with the highest dependence on imports and assess the impact of imports on the dynamics of the manufacturing industry’s growth. The methodological framework of the study involves the use of well-known processing methods of regional static data. The paper presents an empirical study of imports volume and structure in the regional manufacturing industry for the period from 2005 to 2014, and groups them on the basis of the assessment of sustainability indicators. At the regional level, intermediate imports are characterized by a high heterogeneity both in absolute and relative terms. The significant volumes of imports are concentrated in few regions with a high industrial concentration. It allows to allocate regions with the greatest risks for the manufacturing sector in negative external environment. The study demonstrates the relationship of the intermediate imports with the growth dynamics of the manufacturing industry in a certain set of macroeconomic conditions, assuming the economic growth with the stable exchange rate and relatively high growth rate of the producer prices on the domestic market. We also found a positive impact of imports on the growth rate of manufacturing industry in this period due to the effects of market substitution. Thus, the limitation of import substitution in specialized regions at preservation of the basic external factors is emphasized. The obtained results can be used for strategic planning at various levels of management, defining the model and direction for growth of the industrial sector of the region and improving the methodological tools for further empirical research.

  8. Development and Demand Analysis of Convention and Exhibition Industry Standardization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    This article points out the necessity and urgency of accelerating convention and exhibition industrial standardization on the basis of an analysis of the industry demands, developing tendencies, and existing problems during development.

  9. Developing biodiversity indicators on a stakeholders' opinions basis: the gypsum industry Key Performance Indicators framework.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pitz, Carline; Mahy, Grégory; Vermeulen, Cédric; Marlet, Christine; Séleck, Maxime

    2016-07-01

    This study aims to establish a common Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) framework for reporting about the gypsum industry biodiversity at the European level. In order to integrate different opinions and to reach a consensus framework, an original participatory process approach has been developed among different stakeholder groups: Eurogypsum, European and regional authorities, university scientists, consulting offices, European and regional associations for the conservation of nature, and the extractive industry. The strategy is developed around four main steps: (1) building of a maximum set of indicators to be submitted to stakeholders based on the literature (Focus Group method); (2) evaluating the consensus about indicators through a policy Delphi survey aiming at the prioritization of indicator classes using the Analytic Hierarchy Process method (AHP) and of individual indicators; (3) testing acceptability and feasibility through analysis of Environmental Impact Assessments (EIAs) and visits to three European quarries; (4) Eurogypsum final decision and communication. The resulting framework contains a set of 11 indicators considered the most suitable for all the stakeholders. Our KPIs respond to European legislation and strategies for biodiversity. The framework aims at improving sustainability in quarries and at helping to manage biodiversity as well as to allow the creation of coherent reporting systems. The final goal is to allow for the definition of the actual biodiversity status of gypsum quarries and allow for enhancing it. The framework is adaptable to the local context of each gypsum quarry.

  10. Curriculum Development for the Achievement of Multiple Goals in the Agri-Food Industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stonehouse, D. P.

    1994-01-01

    The agri-food industry is concerned with maximizing global food output while preventing environmental damage. Agricultural education focuses on multidisciplinary, holistic, and integrative approaches that enhance student capabilities to address this complex issue. (SK)

  11. The Rapid Development of Chinese Heavy Truck Industry : Adapted Porter’s Diamond Model Study

    OpenAIRE

    Liu, Xiaonan; Cao, Lei

    2012-01-01

    Chinese heavy truck industry has witnessed an unprecedentedprosper since 2009, and it has been attracting an increasing number of westernheavy truck companies to conduct business activities. However, differentindustry environment has brought different situation including the government’spolicies and consumers’ buying habits for local companies and foreign competitors.Thus, this study aims to analyze the impact of industry factors in Chinese heavy truck industry by examining a collection of th...

  12. Creation of Polyurethane Injection Materials, Their Pilot-industrial Production, Development and Industrial Introduction of the Technology of Strengthening and Restoring the Operability of Damaged Constructions and Buildings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marukha, V.І.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Polyurethane and foam polyurethane fluid injection materials not conceding foreign analogues and technology technology of restoration and strengthening the operability of concrete and reinforced concrete structures and buildings damaged by cracks were developed. Normative and technical documentation on the injection materials and technological processes was created. The diagnosticrestoring complex for implementing the above technologies was designed, installed and utilized at the construction sites. The equipment is designed and manufactured; the technology of the research and industrial production of «A» and «B» components of injecting polyurethane materials is designed and developed. The pilot-scale batch is manufactured. Technological processes of preparation and application of the «A» and «B» componentsof the injecting materials in industrial conditions are worked out and implemented.

  13. CAREER DEVELOPMENT OF TEXTILE INDUSTRY EMPLOYEES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    UROŠEVIĆ Snežana

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Textile industry is a very important industrial branch because it produces clothes for nearly seven billion people and textile materials for technical usage. It employs a huge number of competitive and qualified, mostly female work force. It is also technologically and technically challenging. Thus, it is vital to employ qualified and well trained employees with certain competences, knowledge and skills in order to respond to rapid technological and market changes. Here, we will consider the influence of the career development on doing business in the textile industry while acquiring the competitive advantage. Career development is a lifelong process and it is includes knowledge management. The term career has several meanings while nowadays it can mean advancement. The career usually reflects the professional development path of an individual during his or her working career. The career is that concept which connects and unifies most strongly and explicitly individual and organizational interests and needs. The theoretical part explains terms such as career development, importance and improvement of employees for an organization, the possibility for career development within the textile industry. The second part of the paper deals with research conducted among the employees of the textile sector in Leskovac, the town in Serbia with a long-lasting textile tradition.

  14. Challenges and Development Opportunities for Catalytic Technologies in Petrochemical Industry in the 21st Century

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Qing-ling

    2004-01-01

    The propellent drive and development opportunities for future catalytic technologies in petrochemical industry in the 21st century are reviewed in this paper. It focuses on the following five aspects:(1) The environmentally-friendly catalytic technologies, such as new technologies for the production of organic chemicals changing the raw material and synthetic process, the chemicals production replacing phosgene and hydrogen cyanide toxicant, and the conversion and utilization of organic wastes etc.(2) Utilization and development of cheaper light alkanes, for example, the chemical use of natural gas and the development technologies of methane chain, the production of acetic acid, ethylene and vinyl chloride from selective oxidation of ethane, as well as the manufacture of acrolein and acrylonitrile from the oxidation and ammoxidation of propane.(3) The new propylene-plus technologies of the low value higher olefins, such as catalytic cracking of C4,C5 olefins and metathesis of C4 olefin.(4) The technologies of high selective oxidation, e.g. production of propylene oxide with TS-1 molecular sieve, oxidation process by lattice oxygen and direct oxidation of benzene to phenol etc.(5) Development and application of novel catalytic materials, especially, mesopore molecular sieve materials for a larger molecule reaction, zeolite catalyst with MWW structure for alkylation of benzene and propylene, ionic liquid, and membrane reactor catalyst etc.Meanwhile,the challenging research subjects for future industrial catalysis and the several viewpoints for development strategy of new catalytic technologies are proposed. These viewpoints are as follows:(1) Catalysis discipline must be integrated with many other disciplines and should be multidisciplinary and transdisciplinary.(2) New preparation methods of catalytic materials must be originally developed.(3) The instrumentation having better time resolution and spatial resolution and applying under reaction conditions must be

  15. PERAN PROGRAM STUDI TEKNIK PANGAN (FOOD ENGINEERING UNTUK MENUNJANG PEMBANGUNAN INDUSTRI PANGAN DI INDONESIA [The Roles of Engineering fot the Development of Agro Industries in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suhargo

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available At this time more than 60 % of Indonesian population still depend on the agricultural sector. Accordingly, in future agro and food industries are expected to be the main steppingstone for the economic development in Indonesia. In order to make the agricultural products competitive in the global market; it is necessary that the development of food or agro industries is supported by technology especially in the food product development and their processing. The food product development consist of food product design, process design, equipment and machinery design and packaging design. Consequently the food product development requires the knowledge of food science, and is necessary to be supported by the knowledge of engineering or know as food engineering. As a course, food engineering is already offered in the study program of food science and technology. However, food engineering is not developed yet as a study program as well as in the other countries, the study program in food engineering is necessarily different from the study program of food science and technology. Food engineering is scientific discipline to study and apply the engineering principles in food preservation, conservation, conversion and distribution. In several countries both study programs are paralely offered as two different study programs with deferent competence and knowledge. The competency of food engineering is mainly in the application of engineering knowledge for food design, design and construction of food process equipment, process design, process equipment operation and management. Accordingly, the content of the food engineering curriculum covers engineering and physics (50-60%, biology and food science (20-30% and other supporting knowledge’s (statics, communication, etc, 10-20%. The graduates in food engineering will have opportunities working as engineers as well as designing, constructing and operating process equipment in food industries

  16. Integrating ergonomic aspects into research and development projects as a preventive strategy in the food industries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Iben Posniak; Broberg, Ole

    1997-01-01

    As part of a national research and development programme for food technology it was formulated as a demand to applicants to describe the potential ergonomics impact of the research and development (R&D) projects. As the primary purpose of the research programme was to strengthen the Danish food...... are the potentials and limitations for integrating ergonomics into joint R&D projects involving companies within the food industry and the university research? The objectives were (i) to identify the R&D peoples viewpoints on potentials and limitations for integrating ergonomics into R&D projects and (ii) to study...... the R&D processes in such networks in order to obtain a better understanding of the conditions for integrating ergonomics....

  17. Research, Commercialization, & Workforce Development in the Polymer/Electronics Recycling Industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carl Irwin; Rakesh Gupta; Richard Turton; GangaRao Hota; Cyril Logar; Tom Ponzurick; Buddy Graham; Walter Alcorn; Jeff Tucker

    2006-02-01

    The Mid-Atlantic Recycling Center for End-of-Life Electronics (MARCEE) was set up in 1999 in response to a call from Congressman Alan Mollohan, who had a strong interest in this subject. A consortium was put together which included the Polymer Alliance Zone (PAZ) of West Virginia, West Virginia University (WVU), DN American and Ecolibrium. The consortium developed a set of objectives and task plans, which included both the research issues of setting up facilities to demanufacture End-of-Life Electronics (EoLE), the economics of the demanufacturing process, and the infrastructure development necessary for a sustainable recycling industry to be established in West Virginia. This report discusses the work of the MARCEE Project Consortium from November 1999 through March 2005. While the body of the report is distributed in hard-copy form the Appendices are being distributed on CD's.

  18. 78 FR 9396 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Alzheimer's Disease: Developing Drugs for the Treatment of Early...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-08

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Draft Guidance for Industry on Alzheimer's Disease... a draft guidance for industry entitled ``Alzheimer's Disease: Developing Drugs for the Treatment of... demonstrate efficacy in clinical trials in patients in the early stages of Alzheimer's disease that occur...

  19. The development of industry-specific odor impact criteria for feedlots using models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henry, Chris G; Watts, Peter J; Nicholas, Peter J

    2008-09-01

    Emissions from feedlot operations are known to vary by environmental conditions and few if any techniques or models exist to predict the variability of odor emission rates from feedlots. The purpose of this paper is to outline and summarize unpublished reports that are the result of a collective effort to develop industry-specific odor impact criteria for Australian feedlots. This effort used over 250 olfactometry samples collected with a wind tunnel and past research to develop emission models for pads, sediment basins, holding ponds, and manure storage areas over a range of environmental conditions and tested using dynamic olfactometry. A process was developed to integrate these emission models into odor dispersion modeling for the development of impact criteria. The approach used a feedlot hydrology model to derive daily feedlot pad moisture, temperature, and thickness. A submodel converted these daily data to hourly data. A feedlot pad emissions model was developed that predicts feedlot pad emissions as a function of temperature, moisture content, and pad depth. Emissions from sediment basins and holding ponds were predicted using a basin emissions model as a function of days since rain, inflow volume, inflow ratio (pond volume), and temperature. This is the first attempt to model all odor source emissions from a feedlot as variable hourly emissions on the basis of climate, management, and site-specific conditions. Results from the holding pond, sediment basin, and manure storage emission models performed well, but additional work on the pad emissions model may be warranted. This methodology mimics the variable odor emissions and odor impact expected from feedlots due to climate and management effects. The main outcome of the work is the recognition that an industry-specific odor impact criterion must be expressed in terms of all of the components of the assessment methodology.

  20. Survey of history/succession of industrial technology. Book of survey of the domestic industrial technology which contributed greatly to the industrial development; Sangyo gijutsu rekishi keisho chosa. Sangyo no hatten ni okiku kiyoshita kokunai sangyo gijutsu no chosahen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The paper surveyed a history of the industrial technology development which contributed to the innovation of technology in Japan for contribution to the future selection of technical themes and decision on developmental methods. In accordance with the increasing contribution of the Japanese industrial technology to scientific and economic activities in Japan and abroad, it is important to clarify a historical significance of the industrial technology and to make the most of results of the survey for the future succession/development of industrial technology. The survey focused on chemical processes brought up as the Japanese industrial technology which is regarded as world-famous and on the systematical study of the history of the Japanese scientific technology. Hereafter, this becomes a guiding principle for engineers. The paper arranged the survey results of production processes of 2-ethylhexanol, acrylic acid, acrylamide, and cresol/resorcinol, optical resolution process of amino acids, and flue gas desulfurization process. The paper also surveyed technologies of ammonia synthesis, coal liquefaction, high polymer film production and synthesis of medical raw materials. The results were obtained which are suggestive for developing creative/original technology. 210 refs., 93 figs., 49 tabs.

  1. Manufacturing capability as a technological development indicator in the pharmaceutical industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Jairo Gallo Castro

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available The pharmaceutical industrial has five subsectors: medicines, cosmetics, phytotherapeutics, cleaning products and medical devices. The medicine subsector consists of organisations producing, importing and selling these products. Most studies about this industry have been guided by economic interests without assessing technological aspects of production. This article was aimed at proposing a methodology for assessing and describing the medicine sector according to its technological development by using the manufacturing capability concept. The main information was taken from the Colombian Medicaments and Food Surveillance Institute’s (Instituto Nacional de Vigilancia de Medicamentos y Alimentos - INVIMA databases related to pharmaceutical plant production in Bogotá, including material transformation facilities. This study led to three characteristics being identified for defining the pharmaceutical industry’s manufacturing capability: that related to the pharmacological group to which active pharmaceutical ingredients belong, that linked to specifications regarding medicines’ sterility and that related to the technology required for manufacturing each pharmaceutical product. An analysis of these features has thus been presented and some technologies have been identified which have not been transferred or assimilated by the organisations being studied. It was found that manufacturing capability should be considered as being an indicator of the degree of technological development in these subsectors in Colombia.

  2. The Zambian wildlife ranching industry: scale, associated benefits, and limitations affecting its development.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter A Lindsey

    Full Text Available The number and area of wildlife ranches in Zambia increased from 30 and 1,420 km(2 in 1997 to 177 and ∼6,000 km(2 by 2012. Wild ungulate populations on wildlife ranches increased from 21,000 individuals in 1997 to ∼91,000 in 2012, while those in state protected areas declined steeply. Wildlife ranching and crocodile farming have a turnover of ∼USD15.7 million per annum, compared to USD16 million from the public game management areas which encompass an area 29 times larger. The wildlife ranching industry employs 1,200 people (excluding jobs created in support industries, with a further ∼1,000 individuals employed through crocodile farming. Wildlife ranches generate significant quantities of meat (295,000 kg/annum, of which 30,000 kg of meat accrues to local communities and 36,000 kg to staff. Projected economic returns from wildlife ranching ventures are high, with an estimated 20-year economic rate of return of 28%, indicating a strong case for government support for the sector. There is enormous scope for wildlife ranching in Zambia due to the availability of land, high diversity of wildlife and low potential for commercial livestock production. However, the Zambian wildlife ranching industry is small and following completion of field work for this study, there was evidence of a significant proportion of ranchers dropping out. The industry is performing poorly, due to inter alia: rampant commercial bushmeat poaching; failure of government to allocate outright ownership of wildlife to landowners; bureaucratic hurdles; perceived historical lack of support from the Zambia Wildlife Authority and government; a lack of a clear policy on wildlife ranching; and a ban on hunting on unfenced lands including game ranches. For the wildlife ranching industry to develop, these limitations need to be addressed decisively. These findings are likely to apply to other savanna countries with large areas of marginal land potentially suited to wildlife

  3. DIFFERENCES BETWEEN FIRST MOVERS AND LATE MOVERS FOR PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT CAPABILITY-BUILDING IN THE BRAZILIAN AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Marcos Amatucci

    2010-01-01

    This study aspires to explain the influence of the order of entry of multinational companies in Brazil's automotive industry concerning the capability-building process of the subsidiary for product development...

  4. Is sustainable development a motor or a constraint for the professionalization of the pearl oyster industry in Tahiti?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rey-Valette, Hélène; Lacoste, Élise; Pérez-Agúndez, José A.; Raux, Pascal; Gaertner, Jean-Claude; Gaertner-Mazouni, Nabila

    2016-12-01

    This article reports the results of a survey of the pearl oyster industry in French Polynesia territory. Its purpose is to examine the perceptions of the priorities for the development of this industry towards sustainable development. These perceptions were apprehended by a survey of pearl oyster farmers and other stakeholders of the sector (management authorities, scientists). After describing the methodological protocol of these investigations, it comes to confront the priorities chosen by professionals (i.e. pearl farmers) concerning sustainable development, with the perceptions of others stakeholders in the sector. Secondly it comes to build a typology of the priorities of pearl farmers concerning sustainable development. This analysis enables the assessment of the degree of convergence within the sector, which is the base material for defining a shared action plan at the territory scale. This is the first study compiling data of surveys of various professionals and stakeholders of the pearl farming industry in such a large area in French Polynesia.

  5. Scale development of safety management system evaluation for the airline industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Ching-Fu; Chen, Shu-Chuan

    2012-07-01

    The airline industry relies on the implementation of Safety Management System (SMS) to integrate safety policies and augment safety performance at both organizational and individual levels. Although there are various degrees of SMS implementation in practice, a comprehensive scale measuring the essential dimensions of SMS is still lacking. This paper thus aims to develop an SMS measurement scale from the perspective of aviation experts and airline managers to evaluate the performance of company's safety management system, by adopting Schwab's (1980) three-stage scale development procedure. The results reveal a five-factor structure consisting of 23 items. The five factors include documentation and commands, safety promotion and training, executive management commitment, emergency preparedness and response plan and safety management policy. The implications of this SMS evaluation scale for practitioners and future research are discussed. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. Models and methods of decision-making in the management of industrial enterprises’ balanced development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.V. Коvеrhа

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article. The main aim of this article is objectivation of scientific and methodical approach for solutions in the sphere of industrial enterprises functioning and development which allows to find out the compromise between the necessity to increase financial equilibrium of the enterprise as the economic system and the necessity to increase the major financial and business indicators. The results of the analysis. A scientific and methodical approach to decision-making in the field of balanced functioning and development of the industry based on the use of optimized models with the objective function of maximizing the integral index of the balance, which allows you to choose an optimal set and create a schedule of activities associated with emergency response to imbalances, taking into account the balance factors in decision-making and systematic increase in the enterprises balanced functioning and development. Three areas of decision-making in the field of industrial enterprises balanced functioning and development are specified: the planned activities related to the increase in the balance of the enterprise as an economic system; emergency response to the identified imbalances; accounting of balance factors in decision-making, the goals of which are not associated with the increase in the balance. It is rationalizes that since for the balanced state increase it is necessary to spend certain resources (time, financial, material, labor, etc., the decision usually comes down to the choice of available alternatives as to solutions that will maximize the system balance in resource-limited settings. Using the tools of mathematical programming optimization models to select the optimal set of activities and the arrangement of schedule for their implementation were developed. It is suggested two variants for functioning models: to maximize the average balance indicator during the arranged period at the assigned level of basic financial and

  7. Considerations regarding the influence of the Clawback Tax in the development of the Romanian pharmaceutical industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Doina Margaritti

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The Clawback is a special tax applied to the pharmaceutical industry, that implies the contribution of all drug producers, to finance the public health system with a sum of money, which may vary between 5% and 11%, sum paid out of their income made from selling drugs.This tax provision was introduced in Romania in October 2009 and it suffered a series of modifications, following administrative obstructions and due to the numerous controversies that appeared between the drug producer’s representatives and the Regulation Authorities.

  8. Speeding up the Development of China's Great TPI Industry%Speeding up the Development of China's Great TPI Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    I. Expectation of Several Generations to Realize China's Great TPI Industry It is known from age to age that gutta percha tree is a particular traditional tree species of China with leaves, flowers, bark and fruits being used as medicine. The Chinese people have planted and applied gutta percha tree as medical care crude medicine for centuries due to its marvelous and well known function of improving the health.

  9. Research on the development strategy of Pingdingshan iron and steel industry cluster with Wugang Company as the core

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang Shuai

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Arouse the great potential of the industrial clusters will play a significant role in promoting the development of local WuGang company. The article takes the Pingdingshan City as the research object, who is a typical resource-based city and develops on the basis of the local resources of coal and iron ore, the core enterprise WuGang Company is a large state-owned enterprise based on the wide and thick steel plate production. Many problems also exit in the cluster innovation, company network construction, company cooperation. The article is from the perspective of steel industry cluster and cluster innovation. Firstly, the article introduces the correlation theory about the steel industry cluster and the basic development information of Pingdingshan steel industry cluster, and promotes the research purpose and meaning.The article will give the analysis to the problems from the Pingdingshan steel industry cluster and develop the reform proposals and development strategy according to the actual situation.

  10. Eco-Industry: A New Pattern for Industrial Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LiYourun; HuShanying; ShenJingzhu; ChenDingjiang

    2003-01-01

    Eco-industry is a new pattern for industrial development. This paper bnefly reviews the progress of eco-industry. The research work of Center for Industrial Ecology, Chemical Engineering Department, Tsinghua University is well introduced. Several academic issues that need further research are suggested from a system engineering point of view.

  11. Thirty Years' Reform and Development in China's Refractories Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU Dianli; CHEN Jianxiong

    2009-01-01

    @@ 1 Development of Refractories Industry Since the People's Republic of China Founded Refractories is mainly used in high temperature industries,such as metallurgy,building materials,nonferrous,chemical,mechanical,electric power industries,which is the important fundamental material for high temperature industries.

  12. Development of an exposure matrix for respirable crystalline silica in the British pottery industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burgess, G L

    1998-04-01

    Processes associated with occupational exposure to respirable crystalline silica in the British pottery industry were investigated to develop estimates of worker exposures from 1930 to 1995. Information was derived from more than 1300 air samples, published literature and unpublished reports of dust control innovations and process changes. A matrix was developed specifically to support a mortality study of 5115 pottery workers in North Staffordshire, UK. Matrix values range from 2 micrograms/m3 for pottery support activities performed in the 1990s to 800 micrograms/m3 for firing activities in the 1930s. Although exposure estimates within decade varied, median concentrations for all process categories displayed an overall trend towards progressive reduction in exposure during the 65 year span. Potential methods to validate the matrix as well as sources of error are discussed.

  13. Recent developments and perspectives on the treatment of industrial wastes by mineral carbonation — a review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bodor, Marius; Santos, Rafael; Gerven, Tom; Vlad, Maria

    2013-12-01

    Besides producing a substantial portion of anthropogenic CO2 emissions, the industrial sector also generates significant quantities of solid residues. Mineral carbonation of alkaline wastes enables the combination of these two by-products, increasing the sustainability of industrial activities. On top of sequestering CO2 in geochemically stable form, mineral carbonation of waste materials also brings benefits such as stabilization of leaching, basicity and structural integrity, enabling further valorization of the residues, either via reduced waste treatment or landfilling costs, or via the production of marketable products. This paper reviews the current state-of-the-art of this technology and the latest developments in this field. Focus is given to the beneficial effects of mineral carbonation when applied to metallurgical slags, incineration ashes, mining tailings, asbestos containing materials, red mud, and oil shale processing residues. Efforts to intensify the carbonation reaction rate and improve the mineral conversion via process intensification routes, such as the application of ultrasound, hot-stage processing and integrated reactor technologies, are described. Valorization opportunities closest to making the transition from laboratory research to commercial reality, particularly in the form of shaped construction materials and precipitated calcium carbonate, are highlighted. Lastly, the context of mineral carbonation among the range of CCS options is discussed.

  14. The Clustering Effect of Industrial Sites: Turning Morphology into Guidelines for Future Developments within the Turin Metropolitan Area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuseppe Roccasalva

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available As urban societies seek to redefine themselves following the decline of manufacturing, they are left with physical and social transformations supported by successive stages of industrial growth and shrinking. At the same time, new paradigms are developed in urban planning to address the challenge of cities that are declining and cities whose population is rapidly rising. As such, these attempts raise the need to understand the impact of the street network on how cities thrive or shrink, additionally to social, cultural and economic changes. This paper uses space syntax methodology and a comprehensive mapping of industrial distribution to analyse the evolution of Turin (capital of car manufacturing in Italy and its relationship to industry from 1920 to the present. The paper focuses on the morphological clustering of industrial sites and how alternative concepts for planning development may be generated. The analysis showed that industry began within the urban core along the primary routes of global-scale movement. However, as a new era of economic production took place at the end of the 20th century, the street network and industry followed a different spatial logic. Industrial activities spread along the periphery in island clusters in close proximity to global arteries of movement. Turin’s centre, on the other hand retained a backbone of integrated streets that enabled its reinforcement when industry relocated. The analysis of their historic development shows that new concepts should be informed by quantitative analysis of the evolution of the urban street network and its effects on economic activity, such that the configurational logical described may provide the basis for future guideline policies. 

  15. The role of new ICTs in the Sustainable development of industrial cluster: a case study of Yangxunqiao textile cluster

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Song Zhouying; Mai Turong

    2009-01-01

    The wide application of new information and communication technologies (ICTs) has been argued to be critical in local economic development, while the application of new ICTs will affect the development of industrial cluster, especially those small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs).This paper examines Yangxunqiao textile cluster located in Zhejiang Province as a case study to focus on the role of ICTs in the sustainable development.We argue ICTs application in firms boost flexible and customized production approach, improve e-commerce market channel and raise supply chain management.We also pay special attention to the spatial imphcation of ICTs adoption in industrial cluster, and suggest that application of ICTs tend to lead to further clustering of SMEs in the location with mature production chain.Our analysis shows that new ICTs are a facilitator in the sustainable development of the industrial cluster.

  16. The Development of a Spray Dryer based on a Food Industrial Viewpoint

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katoh, Fumio

    The spray dryer, which will satisfy the future demands, is developed through the engineering approach in accordance to 3A- Sanitary Standards in the food industry. The main points are as follows. 1) A High Discharge-Single Swirl Atomizer is adapted for practical use; which can mix effectively with single hot air jet. 2) An optimum jet distributer eliminates swirling components in the jet. 3) Secondary air from the periphery of the jet controls the diffusion and Coanda effect of the jet. 4) The drying chamber's wall is controlled at a temperature below the "Sticky Point" of products. 5) An optimum cooler is included in the bottom of the drying chamber. The above devices prevent undried particles from adhering to the drying chamber's wall, improve the fluidity of products as powder particles, and bring about high efficiency, stable and high quality long lasting productivity.

  17. Development of Industrial Yeast Platform Strains

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bergdahl, Basti; Dato, Laura; Förster, Jochen

    2014-01-01

    frequently encounter high substrate concentrations, low pH, high temperatures and various inhibitory compounds originating either from the raw material used or from cellular metabolism. The aim of this research project is to develop robust platform strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae based on industrial...

  18. Travel industry as a focus on regional development: Case study of the Mediterranean France

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Terzić Aleksandra

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a regionalization of the Mediterranean France with regard to tourism, as well as basic economic sectors present in the region. The study included three administrative regions of this part of France: Provence - Alpes - Cote d'Azur, Languedoc - Roussillon and the Island of Corsica, where the travel industry is defined as dominant. The subject of this research is to study the area of the Mediterranean France, primarily from the aspect of tourism. Special attention is focused on the identification of economic and socioeconomic importance that tourism has on the overall economic development of the region, in order to enable the implementation of tourism regionalization. In order to tourism regionalization of this area carried out, it is necessary to include research components, such as geographic environment, tourist motives and attractions that are located in this area, as well as other elements relevant to the separation of the region from the neighboring regions of France.

  19. Model Oriented Approach for Industrial Software Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. D. Drobintsev

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The article considers the specifics of a model oriented approach to software development based on the usage of Model Driven Architecture (MDA, Model Driven Software Development (MDSD and Model Driven Development (MDD technologies. Benefits of this approach usage in the software development industry are described. The main emphasis is put on the system design, automated code generation for large systems, verification, proof of system properties and reduction of bug density. Drawbacks of the approach are also considered. The approach proposed in the article is specific for industrial software systems development. These systems are characterized by different levels of abstraction, which is used on modeling and code development phases. The approach allows to detail the model to the level of the system code, at the same time store the verified model semantics and provide the checking of the whole detailed model. Steps of translating abstract data structures (including transactions, signals and their parameters into data structures used in detailed system implementation are presented. Also the grammar of a language for specifying rules of abstract model data structures transformation into real system detailed data structures is described. The results of applying the proposed method in the industrial technology are shown.The article is published in the authors’ wording.

  20. An industrial perspective on the design and development of medicines for older patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Page, Sharon; Coupe, Alastair; Barrett, Andrew

    2016-10-30

    An increasing elderly population is leading to a change in the global demographics. This presents a new challenge to society and the pharmaceutical industry. This demographic shift is providing an opportunity for the pharmaceutical industry to meet the specific needs of the changing patient population. One issue that has been identified is defining what is meant by "an older patient", since this definition cannot be simply limited to chronological age. The fundamental purpose of the design and development process is to create a product that can be used by the patient group in a safe and efficacious manner. In the pharmaceutical industry ICH Q8 is used to guide the design and development of medicines. The process leads to the definition of the Quality Target Product Profile (QTPP) for a specific drug product and patient population. One can imagine a product with various presentations described in the QTPP which suit paediatrics, adults and older patients. It is recognised that designing medicines for smaller population groups will result in multiple presentations that could lead to smaller manufacturing batch sizes. In the short to medium term; dose flexibility, easy-to-swallow formulations, and easier access packaging are all factors under consideration. Dose flexibility could be achieved with various dosage forms such as oral liquids, mini-tablets, or multi-particulates. Whilst patient dosage preferences are beginning to be understood, further investigation is needed to balance the needs of the patient, care giver, prescriber, and payer. There also remain a number of challenges with the engineering solutions and delivery device for mini-tablets and multi-particulates (aside from filled capsules) to accurately and robustly deliver the dose, and issues with handling the device and the packaging for an older patient. It is also recognised that there are numerous challenges, not least of which is the definition of the older patient and a generic QTPP for an older

  1. SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY - A VIABLE INSTRUMENT FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF THE TOURISM INDUSTRY IN SOUTH WEST OLTENIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    POPA OANA

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper emphasizes the need for the tourism sector to adopt a policy of social responsibility for building sustainable development, necessary for the socio-economic recovery of Romania. The study includes a sample of 68 hotels in the five counties of South West Oltenia Region. Data for the research was collected by accessing the official websites for each hotel in order to analyze the degree of implementation of social responsibility on the basis of ten variables, required to achieve a sustainable tourism. The findings reveal a lack of transparency and involvement in social responsibility of the hotel industry in South West Oltenia. Research has shown that accomodation and tourism sector in the region analyzed is far from reaching the international standards, so the adoption of recommendations on best practices would be an important step forward for enhancing sustainable tourism in Romania.

  2. Effects of regulatory reforms in the electricity supply industry on electricity prices in developing countries

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nagayama, Hiroaki [Kyoto University, Yoshida-honmachi, Kyoto (Japan). Graduate School of Energy Science, Department of Socio-Environmental Energy Science

    2007-06-15

    Electric power sector reforms in the electricity supply industry have had an impact on industrial and household prices in developing countries in Latin America, the former Soviet Union, and Eastern Europe. Using original panel data for 83 countries during the period from 1985 to 2002, we examine how each policy instrument of the reform measures influenced electricity prices for countries in the above regions. We found that variables such as entry of independent power producers (IPP), unbundling of generation and transmission, establishment of a regulatory agency, and the introduction of a wholesale spot market have had a variety of impacts on electricity prices, some of which were not always consistent with expected results. The research findings suggest that neither unbundling nor introduction of a wholesale pool market on their own necessarily reduces the electric power price. In fact, contrary to expectations, there was a tendency for the price to rise. However, coexistent with an independent regulator, unbundling may work to reduce electricity prices. Privatization and the introduction of foreign IPP and retail competition lower electricity prices in some regions, but not all. (author)

  3. WWREX: A case study in the development of Internet E-Commerce in the energy industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yeich, K.; Horner, D.; Dunn, A. [Per-Se Technologies, Columbia, MD (United States)

    1998-12-31

    Even more so than the World Wide Web, the utility industry is undergoing a massive deregulation that is turning it into a Wild West environment that has fostered fierce competition, new technology and new services in the energy marketplace. It has become increasingly complex for consumers, suppliers and utilities to buy and sell energy at the best prices. With the help of the Internet, Per-Se Technologies and North American Power have developed the World Wide Retail Energy eXchange (WWREX): a real-time, Web-based electronic commerce application that matches suppliers of electricity and natural gas with potential customers online. This service is the first online application to facilitate the buying and selling of energy via the Internet. Designed to take advantage of the deregulated utilities marketplace, REX benefits multiple market players. With REX, business energy consumers can buy energy at the best price, from multiple suppliers and with significant time and cost reductions. Suppliers can instantly access new customer bases and close efficient, bulk transactions without the traditional sales and marketing costs associated with selling to a diverse set of consumers. The challenges and solutions of this project illustrate the technologies and techniques in creating a viable E-Commerce application. The resulting system provides effective electronic commerce and solves a critical business need at a relatively low cost.

  4. Prospects for Formation and Development of the Geographical (Territorial) Industrial Clusters in West Kazakhstan Region of the Republic of Kazakhstan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Imashev, Eduard Zh.

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to develop and implement an economic and geographic approach to forming and developing geographic (territorial) industrial clusters in regions of Kazakhstan. The purpose necessitates the accomplishment of the following scientific objectives: to investigate scientific approaches and experience of territorial economic…

  5. Developing Talent for the Video Game Industry in Colombia: Design and Development Issues

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alvaro Hernán Galvis Panqueva

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available El diseño de video juegos es un dominio que trasciende los límites de una sola disciplina, pues los creadores de juegos exitosos necesitan entender cómo despertar la motivación intrínseca de los jugadores, la naturaleza creativa de la solución de problemas bajo condición de riesgo, los intricados asuntos de la interacción hombre-máquina al hacer uso de dispositivos multimedia, atendiendo los retos que presentan los ambientes colaborativos y adaptativos en tiempo real. La competencia en nichos específicos también requiere ser innovador, tener pensamiento estratégico y poner en acción sólidas práctica gerenciales. Para atender esta demanda, la Universidad de los Andes en Bogotá, Colombia, diseñó un nuevo programa de especialización para creación de video juegos. Este documento presenta el tipo de oportunidades que hay a nivel nacional e internacional para quienes desean desarrollar este tipo de talento; también discute las consideraciones curriculares e instruccionales que se tomaron en cuenta para construir un programa en modalidad mixta (blended learning con el que se satisficiera la necesidad. Nuestro programa no fue diseñado para un mercado existente sino para uno que deseamos haya en años por venir. Se tomaron en cuenta necesidades particulares de nuestra industria, su idiosincrasia y las tensiones que conlleva tener que vender productos en mercados globales. El programa de certificación en video juegos dará a estudiantes con diferente preparación previa (diseñadores gráficos, desarrolladores músicos un entendimiento profundo de asuntos técnicos en su campo, así como las herramienta de gerencia y emprendimiento para salir adelante en este sector. Esta propuesta también capitaliza sobre problemas auténticos que enfrentan los miembros de este sector industrial y hace uso de problemas de la vida real como pegante que articula el trabajo interdisciplinario.

  6. Recommendations for future government-sponsored energy conservation research and development in the paper and steel industries

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nydick, S. E.; Dunley, J. B.

    1976-08-01

    Based upon a previous study for the National Science Foundation, ''A Study of Improved Fuel Effectiveness in the Iron and Steel and Paper and Pulp Industries,'' research and development, pilot-plant testing, demonstration testing, and information-dissemination programs for fuel-conserving process options for these two industries are suggested, which warrant support by the U.S. Energy Research and Development Administration by virtue of their potential attractiveness to industry and cost/benefit to the nation.

  7. Recommendations for future government-sponsored energy conservation research and development in the paper and steel industries

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nydick, S. E.; Dunley, J. B.

    1976-08-01

    Based upon a previous study for the National Science Foundation, ''A Study of Improved Fuel Effectiveness in the Iron and Steel and Paper and Pulp Industries,'' research and development, pilot-plant testing, demonstration testing, and information-dissemination programs for fuel-conserving process options for these two industries are suggested, which warrant support by the U.S. Energy Research and Development Administration by virtue of their potential attractiveness to industry and cost/benefit to the nation.