WorldWideScience

Sample records for include articles addressing

  1. Article Including Environmental Barrier Coating System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Kang N. (Inventor)

    2015-01-01

    An enhanced environmental barrier coating for a silicon containing substrate. The enhanced barrier coating may include a bond coat doped with at least one of an alkali metal oxide and an alkali earth metal oxide. The enhanced barrier coating may include a composite mullite bond coat including BSAS and another distinct second phase oxide applied over said surface.

  2. Addresses

    Data.gov (United States)

    Town of Chapel Hill, North Carolina — Point features representing locations of all street addresses in Orange County, NC including Chapel Hill, NC. Data maintained by Orange County, the Town of Chapel...

  3. A Collection of NIDA NOTES. Articles That Address Research on Heroin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Inst. on Drug Abuse (DHHS/PHS), Rockville, MD.

    Included in this document are selections of topic-specific articles on heroin research reprinted from the National Institute on Drug Abuses (NIDA) research newsletter, NIDA Notes. Titles include: Buprenorphine Taken Three Times Per Week Is as Effective as Daily Doses in Treating Heroin Addiction; 33-Year Study Finds Lifelong, Lethal Consequences…

  4. articles

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2011-12-04

    Dec 4, 2011 ... Google Scholar, African Journals Online (AJOL), and archives of the Nigerian Journal of Psychiatry. Six articles included content relating to age of the child at first presentation to orthodox clinical practice and symptoms at presentation related to expressive language ability and therefore fulfilled the inclusion.

  5. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    - formed consent from study participants.8. More than 500 journals around the world have responded and adopted the requirements of the ICMJE.9 As a result the number of articles reporting informed consent in clinical trials increased from.

  6. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-12-02

    Dec 2, 2012 ... Thus, we argue that prohibition is a constitutional limitation, but does not necessarily achieve its purpose in the least repressive or most effective way. Finally, we suggest that a solution to the drug problem will have to address the health needs of the drug user and the context, particularly socio-economic, of ...

  7. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2010-12-21

    Dec 21, 2010 ... At the meeting, participants jointly developed a Vision for Health OER Network in Africa,2 which envisions a network of African institutions that would harness OER to share know- ledge, address curriculum gaps, and build communities of practice around health care education. Following the meeting, OER ...

  8. ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ARTICLES. NEONATAL VITAMIN A. SUPPLEMENTATION. Jean Humphrey. Vitamin A deficiency is a major public health problem throughout the developing world, affecting an estimated 124 million young children and accounting for more than 1 million child deaths each year.' A meta-analysis of eight controlled.

  9. ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ARTICLES. ,i. INTRAVASCULAR CATHETER. SEPSIS. Mervyn Mer. Intravascular devices are an integral component of modern-day medical practice. They are used to administer intravenous fluids, medications, blood products and parenteral nutrition. In addition, they serve as a valuable monitor of the haemo- dynamic ...

  10. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    I also thank Professor Julia Sloth-Nielsen of the Faculty of Law, UWC, and Mr Lukas Muntingh of CSPRI for their valuable comments on the. 2007 version of this article. OSF-SA and Ford Foundation's funding to. CSPRI and CLC is acknowledged. The usual caveats apply. References. 1. For example, there was much interest ...

  11. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    FUTLIB12

    E-resources have enhanced the learning process to students by providing relevant information for their academic activities. Use of Electronic Information Resources by Postgraduate. Students of Universities in North Central Nigeria. Article https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/iijikm.v8i3.6. Information Impact: Journal of Information and.

  12. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    FDB

    Institutional repository (IR), therefore, is any digital repository that is set up to capture, manage, preserve and distribute the intellectual ... Nigerian Universities. Article https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/iijikm.v8i3.8. Information Impact: Journal of Information and. Knowledge Management. 2017, Vol. 8 (3) Pg 83 - 102. ISSN: 2141 ...

  13. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2009-06-22

    including Justice Edwin Cameron of the Supreme. Court of Appeal of South Africa) have advocated a policy of routine. 'opt-out' HIV testing which, in an antenatal care setting, would mean that pregnant women are tested unless ...

  14. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    BODE OLAJIDE

    resources on the academic performance of the undergraduates of Federal University Oye-Ekiti, (FUOYE), Nigeria. This research is a survey. The population for this study includes the final year students of faculties of Social Science, Humanities and ...

  15. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Easy trade

    Keyword: academic library, ICT, learning, students, utilization, private university. Introduction. Information and communication technology (ICT) includes all internet-enabled infrastructures that are widely used .... utilization for achievement of goals because lack of ICT skills by users is part of the causes of negative attitude ...

  16. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    {Rommel}

    Apparently, among those subject areas does not include skills- oriented courses such as the Bachelor of Science in Industrial ... hard copy questions and an optical mark reader (OMR) compatible answer sheet. The latter in ... incorporate CAA into skills oriented subjects such as those that can be seen in. BSIT courses.

  17. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    ICT deployments for a whole lot of its activities including that of libraries. Enormous. Influence of Users' ... in the educational administration, business education and higher education programs. Paraskeva, ... prior experience in the use of technology as an aid to teaching tended to use it in the classroom. Users‟ perceptions ...

  18. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    However, a low level of preference was established among the .... the students‟ preference for and access to electronic media resources including print, non- .... media resources (American College of Pediatricians, 2015). Approximately 4.5 hours were spent on television viewing and 1.5 hours playing videogames.

  19. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Problem-based learning (PBL) is now an accepted component of medical school programmes in many parts of the world, such as the USA, Canada, the UK, the Middle East, Asia1-3 and Africa, including South Africa. In. PBL the small-group tutorial environment is believed to not only support the development of knowledge ...

  20. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    physician empathy in patient-care situations (JSPE-Student or. S-version). The JSPE has been translated into 25 languages including Belgian, Brazilian, Chinese, Chilean, Dutch, French,. German, Greek, Hebrew, Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Korean,. Lithuanian, Norwegian, Persian, Peruvian, Filipino, Polish,. Portuguese ...

  1. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-12-02

    Dec 2, 2012 ... All involved in public policy processes are accountable for CoI, including experts, scientists, professionals, industry and government officials. ..... and TV before 9 pm, at sporting events or on social media sites).32,33. In February ... industry gains considerable public relations and marketing benefit while the ...

  2. [Productivity of doctoral programs in Psychology with Quality Mention in journal articles included in Journal Citation Reports].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Musi-Lechuga, Bertha; Olivas-Ávila, José; Castro, Angel

    2011-08-01

    The main objective of the present study was to classify doctoral programs with Quality Mention in Psychology based on their scientific productivity. For this purpose, articles in the Web of Science published by professors teaching in these doctoral programs were analyzed. In addition, we analyzed scientific journals in which these professors tend to publish more papers and the evolution in the number of papers published until 2009. Results showed that the most productive doctoral program was the Neurosciences program at the University of Oviedo. This program showed a ratio of 40 articles--published in journals included in Journal Citation Reports--by each professor. In contrast, other programs did not reach a ratio of 10 articles per professor. Regarding journals, results showed that 9 out of the 20 most popular journals are Hispanic and a gradual increase in the number of published papers was also observed. Lastly, results and implications for quality assessment are discussed.

  3. Article Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2010-08-09

    Aug 9, 2010 ... Article. Over the past two decades, all eight South African medical schools (see. Map (Fig. 1) and Table I) have undertaken renewal of their MB ChB educational ... and Training of Doctors in South Africa document, the five-star doctor ..... perceived lack of rewards for teaching and sense of the importance.

  4. Address Points, The Address Point layer contains an address point for almost every structure over 200 square feet and for some vacant properties. Attributes include addresses, sub-units, address use, LAT/LONG, 10-digit SDAT taxpins, political areas and more., Published in 2013, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Baltimore County Government.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC Local Govt | GIS Inventory — Address Points dataset current as of 2013. The Address Point layer contains an address point for almost every structure over 200 square feet and for some vacant...

  5. Testing a discrete choice experiment including duration to value health states for large descriptive systems: addressing design and sampling issues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bansback, Nick; Hole, Arne Risa; Mulhern, Brendan; Tsuchiya, Aki

    2014-08-01

    There is interest in the use of discrete choice experiments that include a duration attribute (DCETTO) to generate health utility values, but questions remain on its feasibility in large health state descriptive systems. This study examines the stability of DCETTO to estimate health utility values from the five-level EQ-5D, an instrument with depicts 3125 different health states. Between January and March 2011, we administered 120 DCETTO tasks based on the five-level EQ-5D to a total of 1799 respondents in the UK (each completed 15 DCETTO tasks on-line). We compared models across different sample sizes and different total numbers of observations. We found the DCETTO coefficients were generally consistent, with high agreement between individual ordinal preferences and aggregate cardinal values. Keeping the DCE design and the total number of observations fixed, subsamples consisting of 10 tasks per respondent with an intermediate sized sample, and 15 tasks with a smaller sample provide similar results in comparison to the whole sample model. In conclusion, we find that the DCETTO is a feasible method for developing values for larger descriptive systems such as EQ-5D-5L, and find evidence supporting important design features for future valuation studies that use the DCETTO. Copyright © 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  6. Address Points, This is a point feature class depicting site access points for every address in Washburn County. Points were derived from 2004 6inch Orthophotos and field survey/GSP efforts. Attributes included in this data set include; road name, suffix, address numbe, Published in 2008, 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, Washburn County Government.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC Local Govt | GIS Inventory — Address Points dataset current as of 2008. This is a point feature class depicting site access points for every address in Washburn County. Points were derived from...

  7. Carbon dioxide and climate. [Appendix includes names and addresses of the Principal Investigators for the research projects funded in FY1991

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1991-10-01

    Global climate change is a serious environmental concern, and the US has developed An Action Agenda'' to deal with it. At the heart of the US effort is the US Global Change Research Program (USGCRP), which has been developed by the Committee on Earth and Environmental Sciences (CEES) of the Federal Coordinating Council for Sciences, Engineering, and Technology (FCCSET). The USGCRP will provide the scientific basis for sound policy making on the climate-change issue. The DOE contribution to the USGCRP is the Carbon Dioxide Research Program, which now places particular emphasis on the rapid improvement of the capability to predict global and regional climate change. DOE's Carbon Dioxide Research Program has been addressing the carbon dioxide-climate change connection for more than twelve years and has provided a solid scientific foundation for the USGCRP. The expansion of the DOE effort reflects the increased attention that the Department has placed on the issue and is reflected in the National Energy Strategy (NES) that was released in 1991. This Program Summary describes projects funded by the Carbon Dioxide Research Program during FY 1991 and gives a brief overview of objectives, organization, and accomplishments. The Environmental Sciences Division of the Office of Health and Environmental Research, Office of Energy Research supports a Carbon Dioxide Research Program to determine the scientific linkage between the rise of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, especially carbon dioxide, and climate and vegetation change. One facet is the Core CO{sub 2} Program, a pioneering program that DOE established more than 10 years ago to understand and predict the ways that fossil-fuel burning could affect atmospheric CO{sub 2} concentration, global climate, and the Earth's biosphere. Major research areas are: global carbon cycle; climate detection and models of climate change; vegetation research; resource analysis; and, information and integration.

  8. Survey of the situation of technology succession. Databases of articles including in industrial technology museums; Gijutsu keisho jokyo chosa. Sangyo gijutsu hakubutsukan shuzohin D.B. hen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    To promote the succession of history of and the creative use of industrial science technologies, the paper made lists and databases of the articles of industrial technology museums and material halls in Japan. Record/preservation and collection/systematization of history of the industrial technology is useful for forming bases necessary for promotion of future research/development and international contribution. Museums and material halls are the fields for making comprehensive and practical activities. The data were made as one of the basic databases as the first step for promoting activities for examining the technical succession situation in a long term range continuously and systematically. In the classification of the data, the energy relation was divided into electric power, nuclear power, oil, coal, gas and energy in general. Others were classified into metal/mine, electricity/electronics/communication, chemistry/food, ship building/heavy machinery, printing/precision instrument, and textile/spinning. Moreover, the traffic relation was classified into railroad, automobiles/two-wheeled vehicles, airline/space, and ships. Items were also set of life relation, civil engineering/architecture, and general. The total number of the museums for the survey reached 208.

  9. Convocation address.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zakaria, R

    1996-07-01

    By means of this graduation address at the International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS) in Bombay, the Chancellor of Urdu University voiced his concerns about overpopulation in India. During the speaker's tenure as Health Minister of Maharashtra, he implemented a sterilization incentive program that resulted in the state's having the best family planning (FP) statistics in India for almost 10 years. The incentive program, however, was misused by overenthusiastic officials in other states, with the result that the FP program was renamed the Family Welfare Programme. Population is growing in India because of improvements in health care, but the population education necessary to change fertility will require more time than the seriousness of the population problem allows. In the longterm, poverty and illiteracy must be addressed to control population. In the meanwhile, the graduate program at the IIPS should be expanded to include an undergraduate program, marriage age laws should be enforced, and misconceptions about religious objections to FP must be addressed. India can not afford to use the measures forwarded by developed countries to control population growth. India must integrate population control efforts with the provision of health care because if population continues to grow in the face of reduced infant mortality and longer life expectancy, future generations will be forced to live in a state of poverty and economic degradation.

  10. Laminate article

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Robert K.; Paranthaman, Mariappan; Chirayil, Thomas G.; Lee, Dominic F.; Goyal, Amit; Feenstra, Roeland

    2002-01-01

    A laminate article comprises a substrate and a biaxially textured (RE.sub.x A.sub.(1-x)).sub.2 O.sub.2-(x/2) buffer layer over the substrate, wherein 0article can include a layer of YBCO over the (RE.sub.x A.sub.(1-x)).sub.2 O.sub.2-(x/2) buffer layer. A layer of CeO.sub.2 between the YBCO layer and the (RE.sub.x A.sub.(1-x)).sub.2 O.sub.2-(x/2) buffer layer can also be include. Further included can be a layer of YSZ between the CeO.sub.2 layer and the (RE.sub.x A.sub.(1-x)).sub.2 O.sub.2-(x/2) buffer layer. The substrate can be a biaxially textured metal, such as nickel. A method of forming the laminate article is also disclosed.

  11. Authoring Newspaper Science Articles: A Rewarding Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzalez-Espada, Wilson J.

    2009-01-01

    In this article, the author summarizes the rationale for using science articles in K-16 education and addresses some of its limitations. The author also encourages scientists and college science faculty to contribute contextually relevant articles that might include selected literary techniques to their local or state newspapers.

  12. ORIGINAL ARTICLES Procedure for prolapsed haemorrhoids ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2009-01-25

    haemorrhoids', 'haemorrhoidectomy', 'stapled haemorrhoidectomy' and 'PPH', with the period of review extending from January 2000 to December 2007. Articles addressing PPH and EH were then reviewed. The search included all ...

  13. Communications article

    KAUST Repository

    Fariborzi, Hossein

    2017-07-20

    Seamless, covert communications using a communications system integrated or incorporated within an article of clothing is described. In one embodiment, the communications system is integrated or incorporated into a shoe insole and includes a haptic feedback mechanism, a communications module, a flexible pressure sensor, and a battery. The communications module includes a wireless communications module for wireless communications, a wired interface for wired communications, a microcontroller, and a battery charge controller. The flexible pressure sensor can be actuated by an individual\\'s toe, for example, and communication between two communications nodes can be achieved using coded signals sent by individuals using a combination of long and short presses on the pressure sensor. In response to the presses, wireless communications modules can transmit and receive coded signals based on the presses.

  14. Opening address

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Henrich, E.W.

    2005-01-01

    Full text: It is an honour for me to make this opening address on behalf of the European Commission which has cooperated with the International Atomic Energy Agency in organizing this Conference, and in particular on behalf of Hans Forsstroem from the Directorate-General, Research, who will arrive only later this week. Protection of the environment is, and will continue to be, an important consideration in the development and application of soundly based radiation protection standards. Current standards rest largely on the premise that, in protecting man, the environment is afforded an adequate level of protection. While this premise is broadly accepted by the radiation protection profession, it has come under increasing challenge in recent years. This challenge has not arisen because of any observable damage to the environment while operating within current standards. Rather, it has different origins including: - The robustness of the premise that protection of man affords protection of the environment, in particular the extent to which it is based on value judgements as opposed to rigorous scientific argument; - The more explicit inclusion of protection of the environment into national legislation on radiation protection and the need to demonstrate compliance; - A desire to achieve greater comparability between radiation and other pollutants. These trends were recognized by the Commission in the late 1990s and, as a result, the topic of protection of the environment was included as an important element of the European Union's 5th Research Framework Programme. Community support has been given to the FASSET project about which we will hear much during this Conference. This multinational project is providing much of the scientific basis underpinning and informing ongoing discussions on the development of a system of protection for the environment. Much, however, remains to be done to establish a well conceived and practicable system for protection of the environment

  15. Forthcoming Articles

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Since January 2016, the Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy has moved to Continuous Article Publishing (CAP) mode. This means that each accepted article is being published immediately online with DOI and article citation ID with starting page number 1. Articles are also visible in Web of Science immediately.

  16. Welcome Address

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiku, H.

    2014-12-01

    Ladies and Gentlemen, It is an honor for me to present my welcome address in the 3rd International Workshop on "State of the Art in Nuclear Cluster Physics"(SOTANCP3), as the president of Kanto Gakuin University. Particularly to those from abroad more than 17 countries, I am very grateful for your participation after long long trips from your home to Yokohama. On the behalf of the Kanto Gakuin University, we certainly welcome your visit to our university and stay in Yokohama. First I would like to introduce Kanto Gakuin University briefly. Kanto Gakuin University, which is called KGU, traces its roots back to the Yokohama Baptist Seminary founded in 1884 in Yamate, Yokohama. The seminary's founder was Albert Arnold Bennett, alumnus of Brown University, who came to Japan from the United States to establish a theological seminary for cultivating and training Japanese missionaries. Now KGU is a major member of the Kanto Gakuin School Corporation, which is composed of two kindergartens, two primary schools, two junior high schools, two senior high schools as well as KGU. In this university, we have eight faculties with graduate school including Humanities, Economics, Law, Sciences and Engineering, Architecture and Environmental Design, Human and Environmental Studies, Nursing, and Law School. Over eleven thousands students are currently learning in our university. By the way, my major is the geotechnical engineering, and I belong to the faculty of Sciences and Engineering in my university. Prof. T. Yamada, here, is my colleague in the same faculty. I know that the nuclear physics is one of the most active academic fields in the world. In fact, about half of the participants, namely, more than 50 scientists, come from abroad in this conference. Moreover, I know that the nuclear physics is related to not only the other fundamental physics such as the elementary particle physics and astrophysics but also chemistry, medical sciences, medical cares, and radiation metrology

  17. Opening Address

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garbers, C. F.

    1987-09-01

    Ladies and gentlemen, it is indeed a great privilege and pleasure for me to present the opening address at this, the 17th International Congress on High Speed Photograpy and Photonics. Before turning to the business of the Congress, I would like to briefly introduce you to South Africa: its scientific past and its research challenges for the future.

  18. PRESIDENTIAL ADDRESS

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Your Excellency. Honoured Guests. Members of the Association. It is my duty and pleasure to thank H.E. Lij. Endalkatchew Makonnen for the fine address with which he has opened this First National Conference of the EAEA. He has pointedly reminded us that though. Engineers and Architects play a key role, develop-.

  19. Mathematical Articles for the general public

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Vagn Lundsgaard

    2003-01-01

    Report on an article competition for mathematical articles addressing the general public arranged by the European Mathematical Society.......Report on an article competition for mathematical articles addressing the general public arranged by the European Mathematical Society....

  20. Opening address

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ianko, L.

    1993-01-01

    This short talk was the opening remarks to the attendees at this conference, presented by the Scientific Secretary, IWG-LMNPP, of the IAEA. This meeting is an effort to aid research on problems related to the general area of nuclear plant aging and life management. In particular it addresses fracture properties of reactor materials and components, both as installed, and at end of service condition. A major concern is relating measurements made on laboratory samples to properties displayed by actual reactor components

  1. Article and process for producing an article

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lacy, Benjamin Paul; Jacala, Ariel Caesar Prepena; Kottilingam, Srikanth Chandrudu; Schick, David Edward

    2017-10-24

    An article and a process of producing an article are provided. The article includes a base material, a cooling feature arrangement positioned on the base material, the cooling feature arrangement including an additive-structured material, and a cover material. The cooling feature arrangement is between the base material and the cover material. The process of producing the article includes manufacturing a cooling feature arrangement by an additive manufacturing technique, and then positioning the cooling feature arrangement between a base material and a cover material.

  2. Inaugural address

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joshi, P. S.

    2014-03-01

    From jets to cosmos to cosmic censorship P S Joshi Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha Road, Colaba, Mumbai 400005, India E-mail: psj@tifr.res.in 1. Introduction At the outset, I should like to acknowledge that part of the title above, which tries to capture the main flavour of this meeting, and has been borrowed from one of the plenary talks at the conference. When we set out to make the programme for the conference, we thought of beginning with observations on the Universe, but then we certainly wanted to go further and address deeper questions, which were at the very foundations of our inquiry, and understanding on the nature and structure of the Universe. I believe, we succeeded to a good extent, and it is all here for you in the form of these Conference Proceedings, which have been aptly titled as 'Vishwa Mimansa', which could be possibly translated as 'Analysis of the Universe'! It is my great pleasure and privilege to welcome you all to the ICGC-2011 meeting at Goa. The International Conference on Gravitation and Cosmology (ICGC) series of meetings are being organized by the Indian Association for General Relativity and Gravitation (IAGRG), and the first such meeting was planned and conducted in Goa in 1987, with subsequent meetings taking place at a duration of about four years at various locations in India. So, it was thought appropriate to return to Goa to celebrate the 25 years of the ICGC meetings. The recollections from that first meeting have been recorded elsewhere here in these Proceedings. The research and teaching on gravitation and cosmology was initiated quite early in India, by V V Narlikar at the Banares Hindu University, and by N R Sen in Kolkata in the 1930s. In course of time, this activity grew and gained momentum, and in early 1969, at the felicitation held for the 60 years of V V Narlikar at a conference in Ahmedabad, P C Vaidya proposed the formation of the IAGRG society, with V V Narlikar being the first President. This

  3. Publishing International Counseling Articles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hohenshil, Thomas H.; Amundson, Norman E.

    2011-01-01

    This article begins with a rationale for including international articles in the "Journal of Counseling & Development." Then, 2 general categories of international articles are described. First are articles that provide a general overview of counseling in a particular country. The 2nd category is more general and might involve international…

  4. Presidential address.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rao, L

    1984-01-01

    Stressed in this address is the crucial stage of the population boom, peeculiar to developing countries. The phenomenal rise in India's population, over the last 10 years, is particularly emphasized as it may thwart attempts for socioeconnomic development. Population and development are congruent concerns which need to be pursued simultaneously, and family planning must be accorded the highest priority in national efforts. In its attempts to curb its population explosion, India has witnessed significant progress in health and family welfare work in its march towards the goal of health for all. Recently, the focus has been on primary health care with its emphasis on prevention against risk of disease. The key element of the goal of health for all is the provision of primary health care to all, especially those who are poor. The new 20-Point Programme of India pinpoints areas of special thrust which show immediate tangible results in health and family welfare and the increase of primary health care facilities. Family planning is discussed as a people's movement in which the government's role is that of educator in contraceptive methodds so the people can be motivated to choose, on their own, anyone of them. Trained government personnel, service facilities and contraceptive supplies are being promoted for that goal. The energies of all social, political, religious and cultural organizations have to be channelled and utilized in the process of educating the people and making them adopt the small family norm. Graduates are urged to utilize their knowledge in the service of their country.

  5. Addressing Sexual Harassment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Ellie L.; Ashbaker, Betty Y.

    2008-01-01

    This article discusses ways on how to address the problem of sexual harassment in schools. Sexual harassment--simply defined as any unwanted and unwelcome sexual behavior--is a sensitive topic. Merely providing students, parents, and staff members with information about the school's sexual harassment policy is insufficient; schools must take…

  6. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ORIGINAL ARTICLES. PREVALENCE OF ANDROGENIC-. ANABOLIC STEROID USE IN. ADOLESCENTS IN TWO REGIONS. OF SOUTH AFRICA. Michael I lambert, Steven D Titlestad, Martin P Schwellnus. Objective. To determine the prevalence of androgenic- anabolic steroid (AAS) use among schoolchildren in two.

  7. SERIES ARTICLES

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ensis fruit. 4. SERIES ARTICLES. Evolution of the Atmosphere and Oceans: Evidence from Geological Records. Evolution of the Early Atmosphere. P V Sukumaran. 11 Electrostatics in Chemistry. Electrostatic Models for Weak Molecular ...

  8. SERIES ARTICLES

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    IAS Admin

    347 Impact of Theoretical Chemistry on Chemical and. Biological Sciences. Chemistry Nobel Prize – 2013. Saraswathi Vishveshwara. SERIES ARTICLES. 368 Ecology: From Individuals to Collectives. A Physicist's Perspective on Ecology. Vishwesha Guttal. 310. 368 ...

  9. Convocation address.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghatowar, P S

    1993-07-01

    The Union Deputy Minister of Health and Family Welfare in India addressed the 35th convocation of the International Institute for Population Sciences in Bombay in 1993. Officials in developing countries have been concerned about population growth for more than 30 years and have instituted policies to reduce population growth. In the 1960s, population growth in developing countries was around 2.5%, but today it is about 2%. Despite this decline, the world will have 1 billion more individuals by the year 2001. 95% of these new people will be born in developing countries. India's population size is so great that India does not have the time to wait for development to reduce population growth. Population needs to be viewed as an integrated part of overall development, since it is linked to poverty, illiteracy, environmental damage, gender issues, and reproductive health. Despite a large population size, India has made some important advancements in health and family planning. For example, India has reduced population growth (to 2.14% annually between 1981-1991), infant mortality, and its birth rate. It has increased the contraceptive use rate and life expectancy. Its southern states have been more successful at achieving demographic goals than have the northern states. India needs to implement efforts to improve living conditions, to change attitudes and perceptions about small families and contraception, and to promote family planning acceptance earlier among young couples. Improvement of living conditions is especially important in India, since almost 33% of the people live in poverty. India needs to invest in nutrition, health, and education. The mass media and nongovernmental organizations need to create population awareness and demand for family planning services. Improvement in women's status accelerates fertility decline, as has happened in Kerala State. The government needs to facilitate generation of jobs. Community participation is needed for India to achieve

  10. Keynote address

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Davis, J.M.

    1991-01-01

    DOE biomass R ampersand D programs have the potential to provide America with both plentiful, clean-burning domestic transportation fuels and cost-competitive industrial and utility fuels, benefiting energy security in the United States. Biofuels developed under our programs will also help improve air quality, reduce greenhouse gases, reduce the large daily quantities of waste we produce, and revitalize rural America. These research motivations have been documented in the National Energy Strategy. DOE looks forward to expanding its biofuels research program and to forging a partnership with private sector for cost-shared commercialization of new fuels and vehicle technologies. Many alternative fuels (e.g., ethanol, methanol, compressed natural gas, propane, or electricity) are candidates for gaining market share. Indeed, there may be significant regional variation in the future fuel mix. Alcohol fuels from biomass, particularly ethanol, have the potential to make a major contribution. Currently, ethanol in the United States is almost entirely made from corn; and the limitations of that process are well known (e.g., costly feedstock, end product requiring subsidy to be competitive, use of fossil fuels in renewable feedstock production and processing, and potential adverse impact of corn ethanol production on the price of food). To address these concerns, the DOE biofuels program is pursuing an ambitious research program to develop the technologies needed to convert these crops into alternative transportation fuels, primarily cellulose-based ethanol and methanol. Program R ampersand D has reduced the estimated cost per gallon of cellulose-based ethanol from $3.60 in 1980 to the current $1.35, with a program goal of $0.60 by the year 2000. DOE is also investigating the thermochemical conversion of biomass to methanol. The program goal is to achieve commercial production of methanol (like ethanol) at the gasoline equivalent of $0.90 per gallon by the year 2000. 4 figs

  11. Addressing Inequality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raquel Sosa Elízaga

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The global sociology currently faces one of its greatest challenges: to contribute to the debate about the most serious problem which all societies have faced in recent years. The rising inequality has led to many initiatives for reflection, discussion and evaluation of public policies in order to combat poverty. Particularly, the fact that the Millennium Goals are supposed to accomplish their significance by 2015 provides the International Sociological Association (ISA the unique opportunity to contribute to those goals through their own analyses and proposals. Over many years, the ISA has promoted the integrated debate of its members on issues related to inequalities: from different perspectives such as education, health, social movements, public policies, gender problems and violence, among others. The overlapping and accumulation of inequalities has been, so to speak, the natural environment from which the ISA can take part in this international debate. This article identifies the work lines approved in the Association Program Committee Meeting held in Mexico in 2011, in the process of theAssociation’s Congress in Yokohama in 2014.

  12. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Thirteen previously tested standards of care were addressed covering a comprehensive array of indicators of care. Management, research and development, structural and process ... developed a satisfactory set of instruments, these were used to measure the quality of care .... Multi-sectoral, continuity of care approach. 36.

  13. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective. To investigate the current smoking cessation practices and attitudes of doctors working in the public antenatal services, as well as their perceived barriers to addressing the issue in the context of routine care. Study design. The study was qualitative, consisting of 14 semi- structured, one-to-one interviews with ...

  14. ~ ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    It is essential that the problem of latex allergy in hospitals should be addressed as a matter of urgency by the authorities and hospital administration in order to contair. the problem. Although the provision of a c0mpletely powder-free environment may be initially more expensive, the long-term savings in terms of loss of staff, ...

  15. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    vitamin A (serum retinol level< 20 11g/ dl), making VAD a ... High-dose vitamin. A supplementation in postpartum women and preschool children is a quick-acting solution that can prove effective in the short term while planning and implementing more ... populations whose needs are not adequately addressed when a.

  16. Research Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-06-11

    Jun 11, 2016 ... Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 ... Hence, a lot of researches have done to improve the braces to achieve the ideal behavior. In connection of Gusset plate, with analysis of cycle tensile and pressure forces can address to ...

  17. ~ ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    allergenic glove', since such gloves still contain latex and may not be used by latex-sensitised individuals, and will not prevent the developmen t of latex allergies in _those as yeL unaffected workers. It is essential that the problem of latex allergy in hospitals should be addressed as a matter of urgency by the authorities.

  18. Review article

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karsdal, Morten Asser; Krarup, H; Sand, J M B

    2014-01-01

    and to facilitate improved drug development. The aim of this article was to review the serological biomarkers that may assist in early diagnosis of patients, separate fast from slow- or nonprogressors, and possibly assist in drug development for fibroproliferative diseases, exemplified by liver fibrosis. The lack...... of success of biochemical markers and the possible reasons for this is discussed in the context of other fields with biomarker success. METHOD: This is a personal opinion review article. RESULTS: Biochemical markers, originating from the fibrotic structure, may have increased specificity and sensitivity...

  19. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ORIGINAL ARTICLES. FIREARM-RELATED INJURIES AND. DEATHS AMONG CHILDREN AND. ADOLESCENTS IN CAPE TOWN -. 1992 -1996. Alyssa Wigton. Objective. To determ.i.lle the epidemiological profile of fireann- related injuries among children and adolescents in Cape. Town during recent years in order to ...

  20. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ORIGINAL ARTICLES. References. 1. UNAIDS. Report on the Global HTV/AIDS Epidemic. Geneva: June 2000. 2. Connor E..\\1, Sperling RS, Gelber R. et al. Reduction of maternal-infant transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 with zidovu dine treatment. N Eng! J Med 1994; 331:1173-1180. 3. Undegren ML ...

  1. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ORIGINAL ARTICLES. PEAK RATES OF DIURESIS IN. HEALTHY HUMANS DURING ORAL. FLUID OVERLOAD. Timothy D Noakes, Gary Wilson, David A Gray,. Michael I Lambert, Steven C Dennis. Objective. To determine whether rates of intestinal fluid absorption and renal diuresis can match high rates of fluid ingestion ...

  2. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ORIGINAL ARTICLES. CRITICAL CARE FOCUS. AETIOLOGY AND OUTCOME OF. SEVERE COMMUNITY-ACQUIRED. PNEUMONIA IN CHILDREN. ADMITTED TO A PAEDIATRIC. INTENSIVE CARE UNIT. S D Delport, T Brisley. Objective. To determine the aetiological agents and outcome of severe community-acquired ...

  3. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ORIGINAL ARTICLES. UNPAID COMMUNITY. VOLUNTEERS - EFFECTIVE. PROVIDERS OF DIRECTLY. OBSERVED THERAPY (DOT) IN. RURAL SOUTH AFRICA. R D Barker, F J C Millard, M E Nthangeni. Objective. To il).ustrate successes and difficulties for the South. African National Tuberculosis Progranune in a ...

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    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ORIGINAL ARTICLES. Dual protection in sexually active women. Immo Kleinschmidt, Baker Ndugga Maggwa, Jennifer Smit,Mags E Beksinska, Helen Rees. Objective. To determine the prevalence and co-factors associated with the practice of dual protection against sexually transmitted infections (STis) and unwanted.

  5. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ORIGINAL ARTICLES. EARLY DIAGNOSIS OF PROSTATE. CANCER IN THE WESTERN CAPE. C F Heyns, AM Naude, A J Visser, D C Marais,. H B Stopforth, J K Nyarko, G A Stellmacher. Background. Early stage prostate cancer does not cause symptoms, and even metastatic disease may exist for years without causing ...

  6. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ORIGINAL ARTICLES. Nutritional variation and cardiovascular risk factors in. Tanzania - rural-urban difference. Marina Njelekela, Toshiaki Sato, Yasuo Nara, Tomohiro Miki, Sachiko Kuga, Takanori Noguchi, Torno Kanda, Masashi Yamori,. Josiah Ntogwisangu, Zablon Masesa, Yohana Mashalla, Jacob Mtabaji, Yukio ...

  7. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ORIGINAL ARTICLES. Formative assessment promotes learning in undergraduate clinical clerkships. V C Burch, J L Seggie, N E Gary. Introduction. Clinical clerkships, typically situated in environments lacking educational structure, form the backbone of undergraduate medical training. The imperative to develop strategies ...

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    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ORIGINAL ARTICLES c(~rvical spine injury outcome- a review of 101 cases treated in a tertiary referral unit. K Friielingsdorf, R N Dunn. Cervical spinal cord injury (SCI) is a devastating event for the patient and family. It has a huge impact on society because of the intensive resources required to manage the patient in both.

  9. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ORIGINAL ARTICLES. OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE OF. INTERNS TO BLOOD IN AN AREA. OF HIGH HIV SEROPREVALENCE. A S Karstaedt, L Pantanowitz. Objective. To determine the epidemiology of work-related exposure to blood among interns. Design. Interns were invited to complete anonymously a questionnaire ...

  10. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ORIGINAL ARTICLES. HISTORY OF MEDICINE. ELIM HOSPITAL - THE FIRST 100. YEARS. Part 2. C F van der Merwe. THE JAQUES ERA. The year 1957 saw the arrival of another giant in the history of. Elim Hospital. During this year Dr Pierre Jaques returned from postgraduate work in the UK. This son of the North was.

  11. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ORIGINAL ARTICLES. References. 1. Raftery J. Mental health services in transition: the United States and the United Kingdom. Br. J Psychiatry 1992; 161: 589-593. 2. Sainsbury Centre for Mental Health. The Mental Health Services Workforce: Present and Future. A Report for the NHS Executive. London: The Sainsbury ...

  12. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ORIGINAL ARTICLES. NUTRITIONAL STATUS AND. DENTAL CARIES IN A LARGE. SAMPLE OF 4- AND 5-YEAR-OLD. SOUTH AFRICAN CHILDREN. Peter Cleaton-Jones, Barbara D Richardson, Lars Granath,. L raul Fatti, Ruth SinweU, Alexander R Walker, Mirriam. Mogotsi. Background. Evidence from studies involving ...

  13. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ORIGINAL ARTICLES. WHAT IS THE INFANT MORTALITY. RATE IN SOUTH AFRICA? THE NEED FOR IMPROVED DATA. Nadine Nannan, Debbie Bradshaw, Robert Mazur, Sim.phiwe. Maphumulo. Objectives. To review recent infant mortality and birth registration data in South Africa and to investigate geographical ...

  14. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1997-06-17

    Jun 17, 1997 ... Steve Reid and Janet Giddy are two family physicians who worked from 1986 to 1995 at Bethesda Hospital in Ubombo,. Northern KwaZulu-Nata!. This article, which has been adapted from their submission to the Truth and Reconciliation. Commission (TRC) Health Sector Hearings on 17 June 1997,.

  15. Research Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2017-01-01

    Jan 1, 2017 ... the atomic level and to the experimental data. The purpose of this article is to fill this gap and to provide a more detailed and well-grounded substantial model of the photon. We will do it based on the theory of infinite nesting of matter and the substantial model of the electron [9]. We will start with considering ...

  16. Research Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-06-11

    Jun 11, 2016 ... n this article we try to explain the usage of tie-and-strut method a g this method in design of ... economical usage and ability to using them repeatedly (formwork system), the possibility of using the larger .... connecting regions have sufficient plastic deformation capacity, understanding of its behaviour will be ...

  17. Review Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Evert

    Vast hiatuses therefore exist in the South African historiography surrounding the First World. War and the role played by Union troops in it.4 This article reports on a review of the military archival holdings of the Documentation Centre in the light of these hiatuses. Deneys Reitz (1882–1944), third son of a former president of ...

  18. ORIGINAL ARTICLE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    boaz

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE. AFRICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY MAY 2017 ISBN 1595-689X VOL18 No. 2 ... aquaculture in particular is of great concern to environmental and public health. In Nigeria, regulation ..... Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, 7 (2): 66-71. 29. Adebowale O.O ...

  19. Original Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administratör

    Stroke in Palestine www.ljm.org.ly. Libyan J Med, AOP: 080920. Page 39. Original Article. Characterization of Hospitalized Ischemic Stroke Patients in. Palestine. Sawalha AF ... Key words: Ischemic stroke, Risk factors, In-hospital mortality, Palestine. ABSTRACT .... stroke in young patients seems to vary between different ...

  20. Research Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-06-25

    Jun 25, 2016 ... This article aims at evaluating the fun oftware which are employed for approximate solution in optimization been produced least squares by usual methods for linear and non enetic algorithm in this research. t Squares, Genetic Algorithm, Linear Model, Nonlinear Model, S dence, e-mail: c.author@mail.com.

  1. SERIES ARTICLES

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    T Padmanabhan. GENERAL ARTICLES. 441 Bernoulli Runs Using 'Book Cricket' to Evaluate. Cricketers. Anand Ramalingam. 454 Wilhelm Ostwald, the Father of Physical Chemistry. Deepika Janakiraman. 468 How Many Equivalent Resistances? Sameen Ahmed Khan. 476 Multiplication: From Thales to Lie. P H Keskar.

  2. SERIES ARTICLES

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    IAS Admin

    Tanya Kaushal Srivastava. 1086 Stochastic Approximation. Vivek S Borkar. 1095 False Discovery Rates and Multiple Testing. Soumen Dey and Mohan Delampady. SERIES ARTICLES. 1110 Challenges in the Quest for Clean Energies. Other Renewable Resources and Conclusion. Sheela K Ramasesha. 1095. 1110.

  3. SERIES ARTICLES

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    304 Dawn of Science. The Copernican Revolution. T Padmanabhan. GENERAL ARTICLES. 310 Mach's Principle. J V Narlikar. 322 Robert Dicke and Atomic Physics. Vasant Natarajan. 333 Decoding Non-Coding DNA: Trash or Treasure? Namrata Iyer. 341 Weierstrass's Theorem – Leaving no 'Stone' Unturned. B Sury.

  4. SERIES ARTICLES

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    This is the recent image of the microwave background and a 'shadow' (in bright colours) cast by a nearby galaxy cluster, as predicted in. 1969 by Zeldovich and his student Sunyaev. (refer to the article on p.428). Image courtesy: European Space Agency. Ya B Zeldovich. (1914–1987). ( Illustration: Subhankar Biswas ).

  5. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ORIGINAL ARTICLES failure, breath-holding spells and even strokeY The decreased attention span and learning associated with iron deficiency may have adverse effects on cognitive and psychomotor development.'-' Furthermore, appropriate treatment of iron deficiency is effective and safe, It would therefore seem worth.

  6. REVIEW ARTICLE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    To conduct this review, we searched for relevant articles indexed in certain databases such as PubMed, Scopus, Islamic ... disorder characterized by disproportionate amount of urine excreted while asleep (Farhat et al., 2000). ... reported to be the causes of this disorder (Behrman. E.R, 2007). Nocturnal enuresis in children ...

  7. SERIES ARTICLES

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    RESONANCE | June 2011. Resonance journal of science education. June 2011 Volume 16 Number 6. GENERAL ARTICLES. 504 D D Kosambi: The Scholar ... 551 Early Indian History and the Legacy of D D Kosambi. Romila Thapar. Source: http://www.arvindguptatoys. com/arvindgupta/ddknumis- matics.pdf. Punch Mark.

  8. Research Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-06-18

    Jun 18, 2016 ... Research Article. Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0. International ... and breakthrough for human not only in some location and for some year rather for the ... they are used for the new source for building a new structure.

  9. SERIES ARTICLES

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    From Euclid to Soccer if is ... A R Rao. Chemical Research of Sir Prafulla Chandra Ray. Sreebrata Goswami and Samaresh Bhattacharya. Acharya Prafulla Chandra at the College of Science. Gurunath Mukherjee. FEATURE ARTICLES. 54 Nature Watch. Engimatic Bamboos. C K John and Rajani 5 Nadgauda.

  10. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    remarkable history. The aim of this article is to share with the reader some of the events that led to the establishment of this institution and to recount the achievements of its staff through more than 100 years of history. ... The remarkable story of their arrival in .... longer seen as role models and they had to change their policy,.

  11. Research Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-06-13

    Jun 13, 2016 ... emerging drug-resistant pathogens in research programme around the world. This article reviews the .... classes are as follows: a) ß-Lactams (Penicillins, Cephalosporins, Monobactams and Carbapenems) .... Vancomycin Resistant Enterococci (VRE), Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Candida albicans, etc.

  12. SERIES ARTICLES

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    IAS Admin

    Inside Back Cover. Flowering Trees. (Credit: K Sankara Rao, IISc) ifference using CROs by Lissajous Method. Article-in-a-Box. John Dalton. S Natarajan. 2. Classroom. The Importance of. Selecting Suitable Com- ponents and Apparatus in Physics Laboratories. Vijay H Raybagkar. 76. Classics. On the Constitution of Bodies.

  13. REVIEW ARTICLE

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The article is aimed to review the impact of endogenous and exogenous factors on a mechanistic pathway of organophosphate pesticide biotransformation and various risk associated with it among the human population. Understanding the genetic polymorphism of genes involved in pesticide metabolism and highlighting ...

  14. Review Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-09-15

    Sep 15, 2012 ... Effects of Cheating on Accurate Assessment. Deepika Nelson, Julia Devardhi and Abdulaziz Dino. School of Foreign Language Studies, Main Campus, Post Box No: 53, Haramaya University, Ethiopia. Abstract. Article Information. In the view of Boud and Falchikov (2006) assessment has the clear purpose ...

  15. Download article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    tions made in this article about outer texts in an electronic sign language dictionary serve as part of a complete concept model suggested specifically for the De la Bat School for the Deaf in Worcester,. South Africa (Fourie 2013). The purpose of the proposed dictionary is to give the learners of the De la Bat School electronic ...

  16. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ORIGINAL ARTICLES. Paediatric immunity. The immaturity of the infant immune system is demonstrated by the increased susceptibility of children to infections by both viral and bacterial pathogens. The humoral arm of the immune system is underdeveloped and differs greatly from that of adults. Infants only develop the ...

  17. RESEARCH ARTICLE

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    USER

    RESEARCH ARTICLE. Loss of smooth muscle myosin heavy chain results in the bladder and stomach developing lesion during mouse fetal development in mice. Running title. Bladder and stomach lesion without SM-MHC. MEIJUAN LI, SHILI LI, YU RAO, SHENG CUI, KEMIAN GOU*. State Key Laboratory of ...

  18. RESEARCH ARTICLE

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Navya

    RESEARCH ARTICLE. Expression analysis of Argonaute, Dicer-like and .... provided a foundation for future functional genomics studies of transcriptional silencing-associated gene families in ..... developmental and stress responses, antiviral immune responses and chromatin structure. These genes can affect the growth, ...

  19. Research Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SAMSUNG

    2016-06-05

    Jun 5, 2016 ... for civil engineers (in terms of gravity and lateral load) in developed countries. Despite the relatively significant growth of LSF structures during the last decade in our country, the studies in this field have been still done neither in our country nor in abroad. In this article, we try to study LSF structures from the ...

  20. Review Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2007-12-02

    Dec 2, 2007 ... Introduction. What prompted this review article is because of the wrong notion that the only standard abdominal incision is the midline incision. Cases have been seen in which an abdominal incision extends from the xyphoid process to the symphysis pubis just to remove a perforated appendix! The reason ...

  1. Original Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2010 May;3(2):25-9. Original Article. AJNT. Abstract. Introduction: Several reports described an association between type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Chronic HCV infection is prevalent in Egypt. The present work aimed to evaluate the prevalence of proteinuria and neuropathy.

  2. Keynote address

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bunch, R.P.A.

    1992-01-01

    Good morning ladies and gentlemen. I am truly honored to be your keynote speaker at the first International Oil Spill R ampersand D Forum. This Forum is cosponsored by the Coast Guard, on behalf of the OPA 90 Interagency Coordinating Committee on Oil Spill Research, and the International Maritime Organization. The fact that IMO is jointly sponsoring the Forum truly reflects the global nature of our concerns for the marine environment. I was asked to speak to you today because of my purview over the entire Coast Guard R ampersand D Program, a significant portion of which is oil spill related. Our environmental awareness was renewed on March 24, 1990 when the tankship Exxon Valdez ran aground on Bligh Reef in Prince William Sound, Alaska, and caused the largest vessel related oil spill in U.S. history. During the next 15 months there were three other large oil spills that threatened the U.S. shorelines. The U.S. flag tank vessel American Trader suffered a three foot diameter hole in a cargo tank near Huntington Beach California; the Mega Borg, a Norwegian flag tank vessel, exploded and caught fire off the coast of Texas in the Gulf of Mexico; and the Greek flag tanker World Prodigy ran aground in Narragensett Bay near Rhode Island. Each spill presented a unique set of challenges to our response operations. Despite intense response and cleanup actions, which included excellent international cooperation for the Exxon Valdez spill, it was apparent that existing world-wide catastrophic spill response capabilities could easily be exceeded and that there was no international mechanism which promoted and facilitated cooperations

  3. Article and method of forming an article

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lacy, Benjamin Paul; Kottilingam, Srikanth Chandrudu; Dutta, Sandip; Schick, David Edward

    2017-12-26

    Provided are an article and a method of forming an article. The method includes providing a metallic powder, heating the metallic powder to a temperature sufficient to joint at least a portion of the metallic powder to form an initial layer, sequentially forming additional layers in a build direction by providing a distributed layer of the metallic powder over the initial layer and heating the distributed layer of the metallic powder, repeating the steps of sequentially forming the additional layers in the build direction to form a portion of the article having a hollow space formed in the build direction, and forming an overhang feature extending into the hollow space. The article includes an article formed by the method described herein.

  4. Protective articles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wardley, R.B.

    1983-01-01

    This patent specification describes an article affording protection against radiation, and especially against X-rays comprising at least one flexible layer of lead filled material in an envelope of, or sandwiched between two layers of a knitted, woven or non-woven fabric preferably of synthetic fibrous material, carrying on its outer surface a coating of flexible polyurethane. The outer fabric provides a resilient, extremely tough and cut resistant covering for the relatively soft lead filled material. (author)

  5. ORIGINAL ARTICLE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    include Japan, China, Chile and Portugal. Low-risk areas include the USA and the UK. South Africa is considered to be a low- to intermediate-risk region, with an incidence rate of. 12 gastric carcinomas per 100 000 population per year.3. Gastric carcinoma is predominantly a disease of the middle-aged and elderly, with a ...

  6. REVIEW ARTICLE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    include scrapie (in sheep and goat), bovine spongiform encephapathy (BSE or mad cow disease) and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD). Less well known prion diseases include the transmissible mink encephalopathy (TME) (in mink), chronic wasting disease (CWD) (in mule, ..... There is no known relationship between.

  7. ~ ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Commonly reported perineal problems in cyclists include chafing, folliculitis and ulceration of the skin.'-' More serious complaints include the development of furuncles and nodular indurations,' pudendal neuropathy leading to impotence in males, traumatic urethritis and priapism, and vulval trauma in females.'-!3 To the best ...

  8. Research Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-06-15

    Jun 15, 2016 ... contractor include, financial problems, material management issues, planning and time management ... In Malaysia,Sambasivian and Soon investigated the causes of delays in their country's construction .... items, including the mean and the standard deviation according to the project partners as well.

  9. original article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    available for the clinicians include the aminoglycosides, ureidopenicillin, ceftazidime, carbapenem and ciprofloxacin (19, 23). In the local setting, ceſtazidime is considered as one reserve drug for multi drug resistant organism including. Pseudomonas species. From our study, ceftazidime resistant strains tend to be sensitive ...

  10. Article and method for making an article

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lacy, Benjamin Paul; Schick, David Edward; Kottilingam, Srikanth Chandrudu

    2018-04-03

    An article and a method for making shaped cooling holes in an article are provided. The method includes the steps of depositing a metal alloy powder to form an initial layer including at least one aperture, melting the metal alloy powder with a focused energy source to transform the powder layer to a sheet of metal alloy, sequentially depositing an additional layer of the metal alloy powder to form a layer including at least one aperture corresponding to the at least one aperture in the initial layer, melting the additional layer of the metal alloy powder with the focused energy source to increase the sheet thickness, and repeating the steps of sequentially depositing and melting the additional layers of metal alloy powder until a structure including at least one aperture having a predetermined profile is obtained. The structure is attached to a substrate to make the article.

  11. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    therapy.' The first category comprises GOR with predisposing or associated disease, neurological impairment being the most important. Other conditions occurring with equal frequency are ... include a complete history and physical examination. Orenstein ..... prolapse, and disorders of the pelvic floor; Gynecologic.

  12. Original Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Pezhman Kharazm

    25,26. Four pathologic factors have been described as the cause of acute mesenteric ischemia including: superior or inferior mesenteric artery emboli, thrombosis of these vessels, venous thrombosis, and non occlusive mesenteric ischemia.

  13. Research Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AOSD) is a rare systemic inflammatory disease of unknown etiology, characterized by symptoms including high fever, salmon-pink rash, and also inflammatory symptoms such as sore throat, arthritis or arthralgia and polyserositis [1,2].

  14. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Training cost estimates included co t of training materials, travel costs for both trainer and trainee, and a prorated portion of the salary of the trainer. The health promotio~ materials and their costs were based on the promotion costs of the 1996 measles irrununisation campaign. (Provincial Administration of the Western Cape ...

  15. ORIGINAL ARTICLE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    boaz

    The most highly occurring isolate was Salmonella enterica (23.7%). These results confirm the low level of compliance to ... pathogenic on intact skin but are capable of causing infections on non-intact skin. Examples include ..... could reduce the spread of flu-like symptoms by up to 75%. Moreover, numerous surveys carried ...

  16. Original Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    102640

    gathered includes patient's age, gender, risk factors and family history of HCV infection. Statistical analysis was performed using t, x ... A past history of intravenous drug abuse (IVDA) was reported by 15% of the patients, and 15.9% reported a ... difference in the severity of disease or in the outcome of patients infected with ...

  17. Research Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-06-05

    Jun 5, 2016 ... ABSTRACT. Quantitative analysis of growth, A method for identifying the movement of photosynthesis in plants by measuring the dry matter production during the growing season And to explain and. Plant response to environmental conditions provides. In order to study growth parameters, including LAI ...

  18. Research Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-05-15

    May 15, 2016 ... Triple super phosphate fertilizer 46% and sulfate potassium 50% were mixed similarly before cultivating by 80 kg/hec and 120 kg/hec, respectively. The studied fertilizers in this study include urea, sulfate ammonium, nitrate calcium, and nitrate ammonium with 260, 570, 775, and 400 kg/hec, respectively.

  19. Research Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-06-05

    Jun 5, 2016 ... INTRODUCTION. A method studied for predicting earthquakes through changes in crust electrical parameters. These parameters are including the impedance and the electrical potential of shifts and pressure the layers of the earth that produce electromagnetic waves. Through the calculation of the wave ...

  20. Original Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Admin

    However, all bacterial isolates were resistant to readily available antibacterial drugs including augmentin®, cotrimoxazole, penicillin and cephalexin. In conclusion, prevalence of asymptomatic bacteriuria among pregnant women in this study is considered to be high and the bacterial isolates were quinolones sensitive and ...

  1. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Papovaviridae family which includes the subfamilies. Papillomavirinae and Polyomavirinae, with SV40 belonging to the. Polyomavirinae subfamily.' At the time of discovery, Sweet and. Hilleman were involved in the isolation and elimination of endogenous viruses from cell cultures of rhesus monkey kidneys.' These cell ...

  2. Research Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2018-01-01

    Jan 1, 2018 ... is found in dietary sources like fruits and vegetables which were known as a phytochemicals compounds. These chemicals are classified as primary or secondary constituents, depending on their role in plant metabolism. Primary constituents include the common sugars, amino acids, proteins, purines and ...

  3. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    in whom obesity may be more pronounced. The community of. Mamelodi, however, is relatively homogeneous socio- economically. Also, as westernisation of lifestyle (including diet) is increasing in South African black communities, this group is of particular interest. Age and menopause effect changes on cardiovascular.

  4. Original Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    rats, mice and chicks; and also to use conventional antidotes to treat intoxication in rats due to JC poisoning. The LD50 of the ... addition, acute behavioral and CNS toxicity studies of JC including antidotal therapy against JC poisoning were done. The data ..... exclusion of females and young children from most therapeutic ...

  5. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Cystic fibrosis (CF) is one of the most common serious inherited disorders among South Africa's white and coloured populations' and may be more common than formerly realised in the black population! Clinical manifestations include pancreatic insufficiency, hepatic dysfunction, infertility and pulmonary disease. Of these ...

  6. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Department of Primary Care and Population Sciences, Royal Free and University .... kwashiokor, worms, loss of appetite, skin problems, 'tight chest', .... milk is taken. You don't even know if this milk is taken from a donkey'); a 'weak',or 'small' child, including those who were. HIV-positive (N = 16); bad weather (N = 6); poverty ...

  7. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Introduction. Quinine therapy for 7 days remains the mainstay for treating hospitalised malaria cases in South Africa. However, limited resources, including available beds and staff, often result in early discharge of non-severe cases, with quinine tablets for outpatient use. The effectiveness of shorter course quinine therapy ...

  8. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Factors contributing to this negative approach include heavy workloads, the amount of time involved in proper management of abuse cases, and difficulty in detection because the indicators of abuse are often inconclusive and parents conceal abuse by lying and going to many different doctors. Understandably doctors are ...

  9. Original Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Sarra

    Abstract. Introduction: The technique of Continuous Ambulatory. Peritoneal Dialysis (CAPD) is Nnown to be associated with various infectious and nonYinfectious complications. The latter term includes anatomical/mechanical complications as well as hemoperitoneum, inflow pain, electrolyte disturbances, metabolic ...

  10. Research Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-05-15

    May 15, 2016 ... ABSTRACT. The joint modelling including non-linear effects needs accurate and precise study of their behaviors. When joints are under the dynamic loading, micro, macro- slip happens in contact surface which is non-linear reason of the joint contact surface. The non-linear effects of joint contact surface on ...

  11. View Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2013-10-05

    Oct 5, 2013 ... Consequently, cardiovascular disease (CVD) has taken over as number one cause of death in Africa and the total numbers will further increase ..... They include weight reduction, increase in physical activity, reduction in salt ..... rigorous training of health care staff like nurses, community health workers and ...

  12. Review Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Other options include weight reduction, exercise, treatment of anemia to improve exercise tolerance, treatment of vitamin D deficiency, thiazolidinediones, and dialysis. IR is estimated ..... Body mass index and fat mass are the primary correlates of insulin resistance in nondiabetic stage 3-4 chronic kidney disease patients.

  13. RESEARCH ARTICLE

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Navya

    2012; Thomas et al. 2016). As IGF1 plays crucial role in almost all body functions, including, growth, reproduction and metabolism, the current research was designed to investigate the nucleotide sequences ..... Rep. 39, 9801–9807. Koohmaraie M., Shackelford S. D., Wheeler T. L., Lonergan S. M. and Doumit M. E. 1995 A.

  14. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    'congenital eunuchism' might in ancient times have included ... In ancient Hebrew the word fur eunuch was saris, and a ... He moved to Rome and then visited Athens, Corinth and Ionia, gradually establishing a reputation as a philosopher and teacher. Among his pupils were prominent figures such as Herod Atticus,.

  15. Original Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Sarra

    Patients on regular dialysis and those who had received a Nidney ... Patient's baseline evaluation included a structured clinical interview to. Emergence and Progression of Albuminuria in a Cohort of Egyptian Patients with. Type 2 Diabetes .... of any proteinuria and education, insulin dose, peripheral neuropathy, use of ...

  16. Original Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    102640

    crossover method, this meal was ingested by each subject once with water and once with alcohol, and ... obesity, and only 21 were included in the study. (18 to 48 years old). Twelve volunteers were non drinkers ... time ultrasound scanning using Sonoline SL–2 with a linear array transducer with a frequency of 3.5 MHz.

  17. ORIGINAL ARTICLE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    UTI include E. coli and Klebsiella species although the distribution of pathogens that cause UTI is changing. (Ojiegbe and Nworie, 2000). Pregnant women are at increased risk for UTIs with incidence rates being as high as 8% in the United States. (Delzell and Lefevre, 2000). Asymptomatic bacteriuria.in pregnancy has ...

  18. Original Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    There is growing evidence that activated innate immunity and inflammation are relevant factors in the pathogenesis of diabetes; with convincing data that type-2 diabetes includes an inflammatory component [5]. Regarding diabetic complications, experimental and clinical studies have demonstrated that DN exhibits signs of.

  19. Article 1

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    It is defined as the upkeep of property and equipment and can include the following activities; periodic inspection, adjustment, lubrication, cleaning (non janitorial), painting, replacement of parts, minor repairs and all other actions to prolong service and prevent unscheduled breakdown. Every year, huge sums of money are.

  20. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In 1993, a nutrition and health survey was undertak~nof 200. South Africans aged 65 years and older in ... Exclusion criteria included mental confusion, assessed on the basis of a subject's inability to answer three .... expenditure and a light breakfast, the oxygen consumption and heart rate of the subjects were measured at ...

  1. ORIGINAL ARTICLE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    ports are scanty on the seroprevalence of hepatitis B-virus in densely populated suburbs in Kumasi,. Ghana. This study was conducted in three ... (<2% HBsAg positive) of chronic HBV is found in regions including the United States, ..... therapy with pegylated interferon alfa (PEG-IFN alfa) and the nucleoside analogue ...

  2. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    eligible and diagnosis was based on criteria used by the. American Thoracic Society.35. Clinical and demographic data were obtained through the use of a structured questionnaire during a personal interview. Data obtained included duration of asthma, previous history of. NFA, duration of current attack, prescribed therapy ...

  3. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    usually associated with genetic disorders such as albinism or xeroderma pigmentosum (skin cancers), or schistosomiasis. (carcinoma of the bladder). Similar epidemiological observations were made in Zimbabwe and Kenya.... The overall incidence of MNs in our study appears to be low; however the study included only ...

  4. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    trachomatis, Trichomonas vaginalis, and herpes simplex virus.3•• It has also been shown to cause irritation of the epithelial cells. Documented side-effects include itching, although serious adverse events such as teratogenicity or carcinogenicity have not been observed! Studies assessing the protective effect of the vaginal.

  5. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    David Ofori-Adjei

    in adolescents. Factors associated with the individual include early age at initiation of sexual activity, alcohol and drug use before sex, having multiple sexual part- ... sexual partners.13 Non-use of a barrier method is also a risk factor for STI. In a study of Cameroonian youth,. Suigoli et al., reported that those who had never ...

  6. ABC Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    102640

    hospital admissions and 3% of emergency department visits with a reported mortality and major morbidity rate of ... cause. The causes of syncope can be classified into six groups including vascular, cardiac, neurological, psychogenic, metabolic, and syncope of unknown origin. ..... syncope (e.g., dehydration, stress, alcohol.

  7. ORIGINAL ARTICLE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    To date at least six hepatitis viruses have been recognized, and these have been named: Hepatitis A, B. C. D, and G. Acute hepatitis may also occur as part of the clinical course of a number of viral infections including human cytomcgalovirus, Epstein —'. Barr virus. herpes simplex virus, yellow fever virus and rubella (4).

  8. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    warrant delivery:. was made in the presence of fetal heart rate baseline variability of less than 5 beats per minute continuing for at least 60 minutes, or repeated late decelerations. 4. Antepartum haemorrhage included bleeding due to abruptio placentae, placenta praevia and antepartum haemorrhage of unknown origin.

  9. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2006-11-02

    Nov 2, 2006 ... women attending family planning and other reproductive health services. Pap smears were done using standard methods. Pap smear data were linked to HIVserostatus. Results. Four hundred and sixty-six women were included in the study. The median age was 24.3 years (range 15 -55 years),and 80% ...

  10. Research Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-06-19

    Jun 19, 2016 ... agricultural sciences to produce more products, the farmer has increased the use of chemical fertilizers, including nitrogen ... release of herbicides and plant hormones and water purification (Torres-Dorante, 2007). Hosni and Srasra .... The speed of stirring is an important parameter in surface adsorption ...

  11. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    health, development, equity and social justice, and are criminal acts. With this awareness has come a new ... attempts to maintain particular self images and social evaluations in the face of real or imagined threats, i.e. to ... in a wide range of social relations, including between workers in the workplace," between nurses and.

  12. REVIEW ARTICLE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ANNALS

    These parasitic diseases confer some social stigma, which affects the health seeking behavior of women. Women are therefore important in the control of these parasitic diseases and they are key agents of change, if they are included in community control programs. Women need more attention in endemic areas as a group ...

  13. ORIGINAL ARTICLE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    Department of Human Biology, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, University for Development Studies, Tamale, Ghana. Ankle fractures are among the most common conditions for surgical emergencies in most develop- ing countries including Ghana. Despite the fact that many ankle fractures are uncomplicated, a.

  14. Research Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2017-05-01

    May 1, 2017 ... This study is designed to investigate the main risk factors, which increased the incidence of schizophrenia and the ... Tobacco smoking and family history have significantly risk for most patients which lived in urban areas. .... schizophrenia. Weight gain is a trendy collateral effect of several drugs, including.

  15. Research Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-06-13

    Jun 13, 2016 ... various aspects of social, economic, technological, etc., today, with the increasing development of knowledge ... the long history of its use in human life has not much experience in academia environments as an .... environment in different ways throughout the entire life cycle stages include selection of raw.

  16. Research Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-06-05

    Jun 5, 2016 ... wastewater treatment feasibility portion of these resources includeBecause municipal population growth on the ... this study was to evaluate the quality of effluent from wastewater treatment plants and Shiraz .... traits measured in Sodium absorption ratio, sodium, calcium, magnesium, zinc and iron instead.

  17. Research Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-06-18

    Jun 18, 2016 ... IMPROVEMENT OF RECOMMENDER SYSTEMS CONSIDERING BIG DATA OF. USERS' ... In this condition, the large volume of data and its increasing process make users face with the problem of ... This research includes the following hypotheses and after implementation and applying the system, we ...

  18. original articles

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    in memory formation, with Glu hypofunction associated with memory loss and diminished cognitive function.13 Distinct diminution in Glu function has been observed in the hippocampus and cortex of .... binding profile, and include prolactin release, sedation, headache, agitation and orthostatic hypotension.I9 No cardiac,.

  19. Research Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2017-05-01

    May 1, 2017 ... through applications to a test microgrid of common size. ...... assumed that the output of the procedure includes the cluster centroid (mean values) of each ... The result of the analysis shows the cluster centroid, the frequency of occurrences and the probability. Table 4. Data of cluster. Centroid. Cluster.

  20. Research Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2017-09-01

    Sep 1, 2017 ... point (Pf) and AWR (UK) are higher in the useful reserve case of direct seeding than in the case of conventional labor. Keywords: Conservation agriculture, direct sowing, conventional labor, soil moisture, ... The reduction, therefore, input costs including energy and labor benefits are motivating the.

  1. Article and method for making an article

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lacy, Benjamin Paul; Schick, David Edward; Kottilingam, Srikanth Chandrudu

    2018-04-03

    An article and a method for making shaped cooling holes in an article are provided. The method includes the steps of providing a metal alloy powder; forming an initial layer with the metal alloy powder, the initial layer having a preselected thickness and a preselected shape, the preselected shape including at least one aperture; sequentially forming an additional layer over the initial layer with the metal alloy powder, the additional layer having a second preselected thickness and a second preselected shape, the second preselected shape including at least one aperture corresponding to the at least one aperture in the initial layer; and joining the additional layer to the initial layer, forming a structure having a predetermined thickness, a predetermined shape, and at least one aperture having a predetermined profile. The structure is attached to a substrate to make the article.

  2. Patient safety in clinical research articles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vintzileos, Anthony M; Finamore, Peter S; Sicuranza, Genevieve B; Ananth, Cande V

    2013-11-01

    Patient safety has remained one of the most important priorities over the past decade, particularly in hospital settings. Implementation of patient safety measures has focused not only on reducing medication and surgical errors but also on the development of a culture of safety, including enhanced communication among all healthcare stakeholders. Academic medicine may further contribute to the culture of safety if all relevant clinical article submissions address patient safety. In order to improve communication between the authors of clinical research articles and practicing physicians, we propose that each clinical research article may be accompanied by a clear statement from the authors regarding practice implications and patient safety. © 2013.

  3. Scientific Journal Articles

    Science.gov (United States)

    These are abstracts of peer-reviewed articles, authored by Office of Children's Health Protection staff. They cover topics including risk assessment for early life stages, inhalation dosimetry, and manganese in drinking water.

  4. Address Points - Allegheny County Address Points 201601

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC Education | GIS Inventory — This dataset contains Address Points in Allegheny County. The Address Points were created by GDR for the Allegheny County CAD project, October 2008. Data is updated...

  5. Fire Hydrants, Fire hydrants outside the City of Wichita. Primary attributes include hydrant number and ID. Layer is under development by Sedgwick County Fire Department. Primary attributes include GPS status, feature-mapped-to, hydrants ID, address, situs city, mai, Published in 2008, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Sedgwick County Government.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC Local Govt | GIS Inventory — Fire Hydrants dataset current as of 2008. Fire hydrants outside the City of Wichita. Primary attributes include hydrant number and ID. Layer is under development by...

  6. Methods for forming complex oxidation reaction products including superconducting articles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rapp, R.A.; Urquhart, A.W.; Nagelberg, A.S.; Newkirk, M.S.

    1992-01-01

    This patent describes a method for producing a superconducting complex oxidation reaction product of two or more metals in an oxidized state. It comprises positioning at least one parent metal source comprising one of the metals adjacent to a permeable mass comprising at least one metal-containing compound capable of reaction to form the complex oxidation reaction product in step below, the metal component of the at least one metal-containing compound comprising at least a second of the two or more metals, and orienting the parent metal source and the permeable mass relative to each other so that formation of the complex oxidation reaction product will occur in a direction towards and into the permeable mass; and heating the parent metal source in the presence of an oxidant to a temperature region above its melting point to form a body of molten parent metal to permit infiltration and reaction of the molten parent metal into the permeable mass and with the oxidant and the at least one metal-containing compound to form the complex oxidation reaction product, and progressively drawing the molten parent metal source through the complex oxidation reaction product towards the oxidant and towards and into the adjacent permeable mass so that fresh complex oxidation reaction product continues to form within the permeable mass; and recovering the resulting complex oxidation reaction product

  7. Allegheny County Addressing Landmarks

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — This dataset contains address points which represent physical address locations assigned by the Allegheny County addressing authority. Data is updated by County...

  8. Allegheny County Address Points

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — This dataset contains address points which represent physical address locations assigned by the Allegheny County addressing authority. Data is updated by County...

  9. 158 ORIGINAL ARTICLE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    boaz

    158. ORIGINAL ARTICLE. AFRICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY JULY 2016 ISBN 1595-689X VOL17 No. 3. AJCEM/ .... A single colony was inoculated into Mueller–Hinton broth and incubated for 20 ..... countries, including Taiwan, Japan, Korea, Thailand,. Spain, Mexico, Saudi Arabia, ...

  10. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    2017-11-24

    Nov 24, 2017 ... Blue Lakes area and the history of flour milling industry, using water mills, were studied. The article presents the .... through his father, for 20 years before the 1917 revolution. To date, these objects ... included in the pond, the fourth cavity was located in the lower duct of the pond, and the fifth karst cavity was ...

  11. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-07-16

    Jul 16, 2016 ... This article studies the impact of e-customer relationship management system in banking industry from the ... CRM: it includes the banks that do not have communication channels to provide possibility of recognizing .... customer's loyalty and intent of transferring are the dependent variables of the research.

  12. Critiquing a research article

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Marshall, Gill

    2005-01-01

    This article explores certain concepts relating to critiquing research papers. These include considering the peer review process for publication, demonstrating the need for critiquing, providing a way to carefully evaluate research papers and exploring the role of impact factors. Whilst all these features are considered in this article, the focus is on presenting a systematic and comprehensive way of critiquing research papers. The information provided should be of use to the many radiographers, associated health professionals and undergraduate and postgraduate students embarking on research projects

  13. Neutron absorbing article

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Naum, R.G.; Owens, D.P.; Dooher, G.I.

    1979-01-01

    A neutron absorbing article, in flat plate form and suitable for use in a storage rack for spent fuel, includes boron carbide particles, diluent particles and a solid, irreversibly cured phenolic polymer cured to a continuous matrix binding the boron carbide and diluent particles. The total conent of boron carbide and diluent particles is a major proportion of the article and the content of cured phenolic polymer present is a minor proportion. By regulation of the ratio of boron carbide particles to diluent particles, normally within the range of 1:9 and 9:1 and preferably within the range of 1:5 to 5:1, the neutron absorbing activity of the product may be controlled, which facilitates the manufacture of articles of particular absorbing activities best suitable for specific applications

  14. Should Trade Agreements Include Environmental Policy?

    OpenAIRE

    Josh Ederington

    2010-01-01

    This article examines the extent to which environmental and trade policies should be treated equally, or symmetrically, in international negotiations. It reviews the recent economics literature on trade and the environment to address two questions. First, should trade negotiations include negotiations over environmental policies and the setting of binding environmental standards? Second, if there are grounds for international environmental negotiations, should environmental agreements b...

  15. Addressing adolescent pregnancy with legislation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montgomery, Tiffany M; Folken, Lori; Seitz, Melody A

    2014-01-01

    Adolescent pregnancy is a concern among many women's health practitioners. While it is practical and appropriate to work to prevent adolescent pregnancy by educating adolescents in health care clinics, schools and adolescent-friendly community-based organizations, suggesting and supporting legislative efforts to reduce adolescent pregnancy can help address the issue on an even larger scale. This article aims to help nurses better understand current legislation that addresses adolescent pregnancy, and to encourage support of future adolescent pregnancy prevention legislation. © 2014 AWHONN.

  16. Reach Address Database (RAD)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The Reach Address Database (RAD) stores the reach address of each Water Program feature that has been linked to the underlying surface water features (streams,...

  17. Surface treatment of ceramic articles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Komvopoulos, K.; Brown, I.G.; Wei, B.; Anders, S.; Anders, A.; Bhatia, C.S.

    1998-01-01

    A process is disclosed for producing an article with improved ceramic surface properties including providing an article having a ceramic surface, and placing the article onto a conductive substrate holder in a hermetic enclosure. Thereafter a low pressure ambient is provided in the hermetic enclosure. A plasma including ions of solid materials is produced the ceramic surface of the article being at least partially immersed in a macroparticle free region of the plasma. While the article is immersed in the macroparticle free region, a bias of the substrate holder is biased between a low voltage at which material from the plasma condenses on the surface of the article and a high negative voltage at which ions from the plasma are implanted into the article. 15 figs

  18. Tweeting News Articles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Toledo Bastos

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available In this article we investigate the impact of social media readership to the editorial profile of newspapers. We analyze tweets containing links to news articles from eight of the largest national newspapers in the United States, United Kingdom, Spain, Brazil, and Germany. The data collection follows the first two weeks of October 2012 and includes 2,842,699 tweets with links to news articles. Twitter-shortened links were resolved using a three-pass routine and assigned to 1 of the 21 newspaper sections. We found the concentration of links to news articles posted by top users to be lower than reported in the literature and the strategy of relaying headlines on Twitter via automatic news aggregators (feeds to be inefficient. The results of this investigation show which sections of a newspaper are the most and least read by readers in different parts of the world, with German readers placing greater emphasis on Politics and Economy; Brazilians on Sports and Arts; Spaniards on Local and National news; Britons and Americans on Opinion and World news. We also found that German and Spanish readers are more likely to read multiple national newspapers, while British readers more often resort to foreign sources of news. The results confirm that feedback to news items from a large user base is pivotal for the replication of content and that newspapers and news items can be clustered according to the editorial profile and principles of newsworthiness inherited from legacy media. The results of this investigation shed light onto the networked architecture of journalism that increasingly depends on readership agency.

  19. Approaches for Resolving Dynamic IP Addressing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foo, Schubert; Hui, Siu Cheung; Yip, See Wai; He, Yulan

    1997-01-01

    A problem with dynamic Internet protocol (IP) addressing arises when the Internet connection is through an Internet provider since the IP address is allocated only at connection time. This article examines a number of online and offline methods for resolving the problem. Suggests dynamic domain name system (DNS) and directory service look-up are…

  20. Addressing Ozone Layer Depletion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Access information on EPA's efforts to address ozone layer depletion through regulations, collaborations with stakeholders, international treaties, partnerships with the private sector, and enforcement actions under Title VI of the Clean Air Act.

  1. Addressivity in cogenerative dialogues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsu, Pei-Ling

    2014-03-01

    Ashraf Shady's paper provides a first-hand reflection on how a foreign teacher used cogens as culturally adaptive pedagogy to address cultural misalignments with students. In this paper, Shady drew on several cogen sessions to showcase his journey of using different forms of cogens with his students. To improve the quality of cogens, one strategy he used was to adjust the number of participants in cogens. As a result, some cogens worked and others did not. During the course of reading his paper, I was impressed by his creative and flexible use of cogens and at the same time was intrigued by the question of why some cogens work and not others. In searching for an answer, I found that Mikhail Bakhtin's dialogism, especially the concept of addressivity, provides a comprehensive framework to address this question. In this commentary, I reanalyze the cogen episodes described in Shady's paper in the light of dialogism. My analysis suggests that addressivity plays an important role in mediating the success of cogens. Cogens with high addressivity function as internally persuasive discourse that allows diverse consciousnesses to coexist and so likely affords productive dialogues. The implications of addressivity in teaching and learning are further discussed.

  2. Standards for the preparation and writing of Psychology review articles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Fernández-Ríos

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The synthesis of bibliographical resources addressing a topic is an interesting subject for research. It is included as part of literature reviews. The aim of this theoretical study is to establish a series of standards for planning, preparing and writing Psychology review articles. With this aim, the study suggests a set of guidelines for the structuring and justification of content for these types of articles: organisation of the article, background understanding of the topic, literature review, style and understanding of argumentative structure, theoretical and practical relevance of conclusions, the critical and interdisciplinary perspectives of the article, recommendations for future research and what the article can bring to the future advancement of the discipline. The work concludes on the relevance of the study undertaken and accepts the importance of undertaking the necessary reviews from the interdisciplinary perspective of building psychological understanding.

  3. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    2017-11-24

    . Self-medication may be one of the major consequences of drug advertising. Methodology: This review article was conducted through reviewing 100 articles and 12 books, derived from valid libraries and electronic sources.

  4. [Reading research articles].

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Graaf, Yolanda; Zaat, Joost

    2015-01-01

    Keeping up with the latest developments is not easy, but neither is reading articles on research. There are too many medical journals that contain information that is irrelevant to clinical practice. From this mass of articles you have to decide which are important for your own clinical practice and which are not. Most articles naturally fall into the latter category as spectacular findings with important consequences for medical practice do not occur every week. The most important thing in a research article is the research question. If you begin with this, then you can put aside much scientific literature. The methodology section is essential; reading this can save you a lot of time. In this article we take you step-by-step through the process of reading research articles. The articles in our Methodology series can be used as background information. These articles have been combined in a tablet app, which is available via www.ntvg.nl/methodologie.

  5. Addressing Social Issues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schoebel, Susan

    1991-01-01

    Maintains that advertising can help people become more aware of social responsibilities. Describes a successful nationwide newspaper advertising competition for college students in which ads address social issues such as literacy, drugs, teen suicide, and teen pregnancy. Notes how the ads have helped grassroots programs throughout the United…

  6. Sesotho Address Forms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akindele, Dele Femi

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Address forms constitute an integral part of Basotho sociolinguistic etiquette. They are regarded as a kind of emotional capital that may be invested in putting others at ease. They are indicators of deference, politeness and markers of social distance. (Fasold 1990, Akindele 1990, 1991, 1993 This paper examines the address forms used by the Basotho people. It analyzes and discusses the various types and the factors determining their use. The discussion of address forms in Sesotho focuses on First Name, Title plus First Name, Title plus Last Name, Nickname, Multiple Names, and Teknonym. Drawing data from semi-literate and literate urban and rural population of Maseru district of Lesotho, it was found that the commonest form of address used by the Basotho people is title plus first name. e.g. ntate Thabo (father Thabo, 'm'e Puleng (mother Puleng, ausi Maneo (sister Maneo, abuti Mahao (brother Mahao. It is used by close relations, associates, and familiar people in both formal and informal situations.

  7. Addressivity in Cogenerative Dialogues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsu, Pei-Ling

    2014-01-01

    Ashraf Shady's paper provides a first-hand reflection on how a foreign teacher used cogens as culturally adaptive pedagogy to address cultural misalignments with students. In this paper, Shady drew on several cogen sessions to showcase his journey of using different forms of cogens with his students. To improve the quality of cogens, one…

  8. 78 FR 49290 - Oshkosh Defense, a Division of Oshkosh Corporation, Including On-Site Leased Workers From...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-13

    ... foreign country. During the reconsideration investigation, the subject firm addressed a newspaper article... AARF axles), including component parts. The workers are not separately identifiable by article produced... in production of, and administrative functions in support of, the articles produced by the subject...

  9. Crossing Borders, Addressing Diversity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Canagarajah, Suresh

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents a story of applied linguistics from my personal vantage point as a multilingual scholar whose career began outside the centers of research and scholarship. The article explains the assumptions and practices characterizing the foundation of the discipline in modernist discourses, and delineates the changes resulting from…

  10. An Overview on Evaluating and Predicting Scholarly Article Impact

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaomei Bai

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Scholarly article impact reflects the significance of academic output recognised by academic peers, and it often plays a crucial role in assessing the scientific achievements of researchers, teams, institutions and countries. It is also used for addressing various needs in the academic and scientific arena, such as recruitment decisions, promotions, and funding allocations. This article provides a comprehensive review of recent progresses related to article impact assessment and prediction. The review starts by sharing some insight into the article impact research and outlines current research status. Some core methods and recent progress are presented to outline how article impact metrics and prediction have evolved to consider integrating multiple networks. Key techniques, including statistical analysis, machine learning, data mining and network science, are discussed. In particular, we highlight important applications of each technique in article impact research. Subsequently, we discuss the open issues and challenges of article impact research. At the same time, this review points out some important research directions, including article impact evaluation by considering Conflict of Interest, time and location information, various distributions of scholarly entities, and rising stars.

  11. Articles comprising ferritic stainless steels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rakowski, James M.

    2016-06-28

    An article of manufacture comprises a ferritic stainless steel that includes a near-surface region depleted of silicon relative to a remainder of the ferritic stainless steel. The article has a reduced tendency to form an electrically resistive silica layer including silicon derived from the steel when the article is subjected to high temperature oxidizing conditions. The ferritic stainless steel is selected from the group comprising AISI Type 430 stainless steel, AISI Type 439 stainless steel, AISI Type 441 stainless steel, AISI Type 444 stainless steel, and E-BRITE.RTM. alloy, also known as UNS 44627 stainless steel. In certain embodiments, the article of manufacture is a fuel cell interconnect for a solid oxide fuel cell.

  12. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    2017-11-24

    Minasova (2000) represents the most rough, peremptory form of the address. The verb ... Soames' lips, but he choked them back – he must not let her see his feelings Galsworthy. (1975). In the same meaning we find the verb want:.

  13. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    2017-08-08

    Aug 8, 2017 ... program codes) assembly of program systems of applied appointment are presented in article. Author Correspondence ... automated), testing of the created system, its documenting, quality assessment, estimation of cost. Assembly is carried out in the ... JAVA environments. In article (with specification as far ...

  14. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    2017-11-10

    Nov 10, 2017 ... There are numerous articles composed by researchers on the selection of a model from a repository of models in machine learning techniques. The majority of the articles have distinctive experimental strategies and a diverse range of study from others. The main measures utilized for accuracy evaluation, ...

  15. Introduction to Wiener's Article

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 4; Issue 1. Introduction to Wiener's Article. V Rajaraman. Reflections Volume 4 Issue 1 January 1999 pp 80-80. Fulltext. Click here to view fulltext PDF. Permanent link: http://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/reso/004/01/0080-0080. Author Affiliations.

  16. Indefinite articles and beyond

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Le Bruyn, B.S.W.

    2010-01-01

    This dissertation challenges the standard view on indefinite articles as argument markers and determiners that block bare nominal arguments. It argues for a more fine-grained view in which articles are poor in their semantics but rich in their pragmatic competition with bare nominals and other

  17. 27 CFR 46.208 - Unmerchantable articles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Unmerchantable articles... Tubes Held for Sale on April 1, 2009 Inventories § 46.208 Unmerchantable articles. Articles that the.... However, the dealer must segregate any such unmerchantable articles and include them in a separate section...

  18. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-05-15

    9867. Available online at http://www.jfas.info. Research Article. Special .... 809. Table 3. Content analysis of questioning level for each grade based on cognitive domain. (Pre-test). Group. Grade knowledge. Comprehension.

  19. Multilingual News Article Classification

    OpenAIRE

    Skjennum, Patrick L

    2016-01-01

    News is an ever-growing and global resource, reliant on robust distribution networks to spread information. This thesis investigates how exploiting semantic, contextual and ontological information may form a basis for a language independent news article classification system. In light of the above, a scalable multi-label news article classification system, based exclusively on extracted DBpedia entities, and a predetermined standardized set of fixed-size IPTC Media Topic categories, is p...

  20. Article 4 Olshin

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    Reality, Virtual Reality, and the Formulation of the. Question. 1. This paper attempts to address some specific questions concerning virtual reality or simulated environments of the type discussed in Hilary Putnam's “Brain in a Vat” scenario and depicted in the popular film “The Matrix.” 2. It does not delve into some of the more ...

  1. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    2017-11-10

    Nov 10, 2017 ... results in this case. To address this, a nonparametric test based on integrated weighted different between the mean cumulative functions which ... FORMULATION. 2.1. Basic Notation. Consider k+1 different treatment groups of independent subjects in a recurrent event study with total sample size n.

  2. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2017-08-08

    Aug 8, 2017 ... management and control must be conducted to address and solve these issues around Kenyir. Lake especially ... The construction of the dam around Kenyir Lake started from 1978 and was completed ... *WBF = Weight of membrane filter; DR = Dry residue; VFW = Volume of filtered water [17]. 2.2. Inverse ...

  3. The Adlerian Approach: Selected Articles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bullard, Maurice L.; And Others

    Several articles are concerned entirely with explicating some of the core Adlerian principles which center, ultimately, on the purposiveness of all human behavior. Among the theoretical topics included are: (1) a conflict solving strategy; (2) the characteristics of the family constellation; and (3) the implications of misbehavior viewed as having…

  4. Addressing Measurement Issues Related to Bullying Involvement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casper, Deborah M.; Meter, Diana J.; Card, Noel A.

    2015-01-01

    In this article, we address measurement issues related to select aspects of bullying involvement with the goal of moving psychometrically sound measurement practices toward applied bullying research. We first provide a nontechnical introduction to psychometric considerations in measuring bullying involvement, highlighting the importance of…

  5. Counting addressing method: Command addressable element and extinguishing module

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ristić Jovan D.

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The specific requirements that appear in addressable fire detection and alarm systems and the shortcomings of the existing addressing methods were discussed. A new method of addressing of detectors was proposed. The basic principles of addressing and responding of a called element are stated. Extinguishing module is specific subsystem in classic fire detection and alarm systems. Appearing of addressable fire detection and alarm systems didn't caused essential change in the concept of extinguishing module because of long calling period of such systems. Addressable fire security system based on counting addressing method reaches high calling rates and enables integrating of the extinguishing module in addressable system. Solutions for command addressable element and integrated extinguishing module are given in this paper. The counting addressing method was developed for specific requirements in fire detection and alarm systems, yet its speed and reliability justifies its use in the acquisition of data on slowly variable parameters under industrial conditions. .

  6. Neutron absorbing article

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Naum, R.G.; Owens, D.P.; Dooker, G.I.

    1981-01-01

    A neutron-absorbing article suitable for use in spent fuel racks is described. It comprises boron carbide particles, diluent particles, and a phenolic polymer cured to a continuous matrix. The diluent may be silicon carbide, graphite, amorphous carbon, alumina, or silica. The combined boron carbide-diluent phase contains no more than 2 percent B 2 O 3 , and the neutron-absorbing article contains from 20 to 40 percent phenol resin. The ratio of boron carbide to diluent particles is in the range 1:9 to 9:1

  7. Measuring the Interestingness of News Articles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pon, R K; Cardenas, A F; Buttler, D J

    2007-09-24

    An explosive growth of online news has taken place. Users are inundated with thousands of news articles, only some of which are interesting. A system to filter out uninteresting articles would aid users that need to read and analyze many articles daily, such as financial analysts and government officials. The most obvious approach for reducing the amount of information overload is to learn keywords of interest for a user (Carreira et al., 2004). Although filtering articles based on keywords removes many irrelevant articles, there are still many uninteresting articles that are highly relevant to keyword searches. A relevant article may not be interesting for various reasons, such as the article's age or if it discusses an event that the user has already read about in other articles. Although it has been shown that collaborative filtering can aid in personalized recommendation systems (Wang et al., 2006), a large number of users is needed. In a limited user environment, such as a small group of analysts monitoring news events, collaborative filtering would be ineffective. The definition of what makes an article interesting--or its 'interestingness'--varies from user to user and is continually evolving, calling for adaptable user personalization. Furthermore, due to the nature of news, most articles are uninteresting since many are similar or report events outside the scope of an individual's concerns. There has been much work in news recommendation systems, but none have yet addressed the question of what makes an article interesting.

  8. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2018-01-15

    Jan 15, 2018 ... ired to achieve the objective of ally in the field of Mechanical to the current market needs. discriminant analysis. Research Article. Special Issue ... Engineering field but fail to practice it. They only learn it in order .... question items led the highest reading with a percentage value of 98.67%, followed by GSS1.

  9. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    2017-10-17

    Oct 17, 2017 ... Electronic Commerce Research and Applications, 2012, 11(1):75-84. [16] Yue W S, Zin N A M. usabilty evaluation for history educational games. In 2nd. International Conference on Interaction Sciences: Information Technology, Culture and. Human, 2012,pp. 1019-1025. How to cite this article: Ramli R.Z ...

  10. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2018-01-15

    6S):710-734. How to cite this article: Rizman ZI, Adnan J, Hashim FR, Yassin IM, Zabidi A, Zaman FK, Yeap KH. Development of hybrid drone (hydro) for surveillance application. J. Fundam. Appl. Sci., 2018, 10(1S),. 816-823.

  11. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    2017-10-05

    Oct 5, 2017 ... Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences. ISSN 1112-9867. Available online at http://www.jfas.info. Research Article. Special Issue .... of use. Three critical success factors of e-learning (instructor characteristics, student characteristics .... Total of 95 questionnaires were used for further data analysis.

  12. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2017-11-10

    Nov 10, 2017 ... dia University, 75450 Bukit ter Sciences, UniversitiSains rld by storm. The conventional achine to machine tween this communications, it vity. On the basis of these, this g of IoT device simulations in ressing the security and packet tiki operating system to test, es, sensors and network works. Research Article.

  13. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    2017-08-08

    Aug 8, 2017 ... to select the analogues of materials for the manufacture of products with special properties. The technical ... The aim of this article is to investigate the technological and mechanical properties of GH304. T14992-1994 (the ... The tests were carried out with the automated compilation of protocols. The test ...

  14. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2017-09-10

    Sep 10, 2017 ... or attacking perceived. Research Article. Special Issue ... approach which is using National Instruments (NI) LabVIEW Biomedical Workbench with data acquisition (DAQ) device to ..... 13 shows that hemoglobin is greatly absorbed the green color wavelength (550 nm), if compared to red (650 nm) and blue ...

  15. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2017-08-08

    Aug 8, 2017 ... based on a new instrument tivariate analysis was used to port towards opiate dependents. y a cluster analysis of the PCA ntify the characteristics of high ns which have high variation in ion), and a further analysis by ps. Cluster 2 had the highest ter 1 with moderate variation in cluster 3. Research Article.

  16. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    2017-11-24

    Nov 24, 2017 ... energy resources (SER)in metallurgical production can be divided into potential energy sources ... n heat pump with a heat circulating water: a y of power supply of the energy efficiency. elated to the amount of n dioxide emission. Research Article .... plants are electric steel smelting and oxyge systems at ...

  17. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    2017-11-24

    Nov 24, 2017 ... ABSTRACT. The article is devoted to the issue of grammatical approach application during the teaching of ... communicative communication tasks leads to grammatical, lexical and strategic complication of speech ... Another approach to the organization of speech activity is demonstrated by D.I. Izarenkov.

  18. 9 ORIGINAL ARTICLE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dr Oboro VO

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE. AFRICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY JAN 2011. ISBN 1595-689X VOL 12 No. 1 ... skin of patients and environmental surfaces in the immediate vicinity of the patients (4). ... it helps in preventing chemically related occupational hazards and up to 80% of infections, ...

  19. 66 ORIGINAL ARTICLE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    boaz

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE. AFRICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY JAN 2016 ISBN 1595-689X VOL 17 No.1 ..... WOMEN. Social characteristics. No. examined (n = 310). No. positive. (n=30) (%). Education. Illiterate. Primary. Secondary. Tertiary. Occupation. Civil servant. House wife. Students.

  20. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    Published online: 24 November 2017. ABSTRACT. The control problems for technological objects with distributed state variables and large dead times are discussed in the present article. The creation of control systems using the object model in the control loop is considered. It is shown that the most effective approach for ...

  1. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-05-15

    May 15, 2016 ... PENN, Bachinghamshire. [16]Rorty, R. (1979). Philosophy and the mirror of nature. Princeton university press. [17]Salinger, J. D. (1951). The catcher in the rye. Little, Brown and Company. [18]Zizek, S. (2001). Enjoy you symptom: Jacques Lacan in Hollywood and out. Routledge. How to cite this article:.

  2. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-05-15

    May 15, 2016 ... "The facts show that the use of new technologies in the 21st century will have a profound impact on human social life and education and education is certainly not exempt from these changes. Research in education, states the article that information technology has been mainly used in regular education ...

  3. Full Length Research Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrator

    Out of the 320 male sheep examined, 87(27.2%) were infected, while 9(19.1%) of the 47 females examined were infected (Table 2). Infection varied from one abattoir to another. Age related distribution of P. cervi is shown in Table 3. Out of 356 adult sheep (>2yrs) examined, 35. Full Length Research Article. 12 ...

  4. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2018-01-15

    Jan 15, 2018 ... crisis indicator at national level using k-means cluster analysis. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 2017, 166(1):1-9. How to cite this article: Hidayat Y, Purwandari T, Sukono, Supian S, Juahir H, Kamarudin MKA, Ireana Yusra AF. Improving unprecedented restlessness as the new ...

  5. STOMATOLOGICAL JOURNAL (SELECTED ARTICLES).

    Science.gov (United States)

    This article discusses the clinical symptoms of lithiasis of the parotid salivary gland, examination methods that allow detection of sialoliths... lithiasis treated at the Dental Surgery Clinic at Zabrze are summarized: 88% of all salivary gland lithiasis is submaxillary; it appears most frequently

  6. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-05-15

    May 15, 2016 ... accounting, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran ... except the effect of management participation on marketing innovation and product innovation ... Available online at http://www.jfas.info. Research Article. Special Issue. Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences is licensed under a Creative Commons ...

  7. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    2017-10-17

    Oct 17, 2017 ... We are listed under Research Associations category. ... SKJalan Hang he validity showedstrong eanwhile the reliability of sess the flexibility of the nts should be tested with. Research Article. Special Issue ... Studies have shown that the problems of diseases such as hypertension, heart disease and.

  8. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-05-15

    May 15, 2016 ... pavements (JCP). With using a 3- transfer efficiency (LTE) of the ransverse prestressing with various restressing although increased the jacent is minor and engineers can e higher prestressing force, might prestressing for more than 400 kN element; Load transfer efficiency. Research Article. Special Issue ...

  9. 1 RESEARCH ARTICLE

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    HP

    RESEARCH ARTICLE. Study of Association of Forkhead Box P3 (FOXP3) Gene Polymorphisms with Unexplained Recurrent. Spontaneous Abortions in Indian Population. Shivani Mishra, Anukool Srivastava, Kausik Mandal, Shubha R Phadke*. Department of Medical Genetics, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of ...

  10. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2017-10-05

    Oct 5, 2017 ... th Exogenous Input (NARX). PSO) algorithm. The system ected from Steam Distillation e Information Criterion, Model. ) for optimization process of t the FPE criterion model was set, small fitness value he accuracy was evaluated by ation and histogram tests. ure; NARX; particle swarm. Research Article.

  11. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-05-15

    May 15, 2016 ... production. In this article, the method of producing energy from these algae along with their application in sustainable architecture has been investigated. For this purpose, a few .... cyanobacteria, “chosen for its rich green hue, light absorbency, and culinary qualities,” set in alkaline water and housed in ...

  12. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    2017-11-24

    Nov 24, 2017 ... 3Associate Professor of the Department of Pedagogy and Psychology of Childhood, Bryansk ... The article examines the phenomenon of the interactive educational environment as a carefully constructed ... Key words: dialogue environment education, dialogue, axiosphere of a future teacher, socio- cultural ...

  13. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    Published online: 08 August 2017. ABSTRACT. Article purpose: to consider the possibility of Hilbert-Huang transformation (HHT) use for vibration-acoustic control of a fuel dispenser operation in an internal combustion engine HHT was proposed by Norden Huang in 1995 to study the surface waves of typhoons. In recent.

  14. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    2017-11-24

    , launched in. 2005, in comparison with Web of Science and expresses his view on how it can be improved. At the same time the analysis of the whole range of articles on this topic shows that the RSCI is currently applied to ...

  15. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2017-10-17

    Oct 17, 2017 ... via brain waves study by using electroencephalogram (EEG). International Journal on. Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, 2016, 6(6):1005-1011. How to cite this article: Anoor M M, Khairul AnwarK H, Megat Ali M S A and Jahidin A H. Classification of students' IQ level using ...

  16. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2017-09-10

    Sep 10, 2017 ... List here those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance or proof reading the article, etc.). 6. REFERENCES. [1] Waller P., Weerakkody V. Digital government: overcoming the systemic failure of transformation. London: Brunel University Press, 2016 ...

  17. 18 ORIGINAL ARTICLE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Boaz

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE. AFRICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY JANUARY 2018 ISBN 1595-689X VOL19 No.1 ... Le Staphylococcus aureus était le plus souvent isolé des deux mains et des deux sexes (29,2%, 27,3%), suivi par le SARM (22,1%, 24,7% respectivement). Conclusions: Le ...

  18. IP Address Management Principles and Practice

    CERN Document Server

    Rooney, Timothy

    2010-01-01

    This book will be the first covering the subject of IP address management (IPAM). The practice of IPAM includes the application of network management disciplines to IP address space and associated network services, namely DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) and DNS (Domain Name System). The consequence of inaccurately configuring DHCP is that end users may not be able to obtain IP addresses to access the network. Without proper DNS configuration, usability of the network will greatly suffer as the name-to-address lookup process may fail. Imagine having to navigate to a website or send a

  19. Analyzing the Messages of the State of the Union Address

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kissling, Mark T.; Martell, Christopher C.

    2014-01-01

    In the era of smartphones and 24-hour news networks, the State of the Union address is a major event. All national media outlets--in print, on television, on the Internet--report on the address, some almost exclusively in the days leading up to and after the speech. In this article, considering their experiences teaching about the address, and…

  20. Science and the Nonscience Major: Addressing the Fear Factor in the Chemical Arena Using Forensic Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Labianca, Dominick A.

    2007-01-01

    This article describes an approach to minimizing the "fear factor" in a chemistry course for the nonscience major, and also addresses relevant applications to other science courses, including biology, geology, and physics. The approach emphasizes forensic science and affords students the opportunity to hone their analytical skills in an…

  1. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-05-15

    May 15, 2016 ... ABSTRACT. In this article, we simulate thermal effects on the electron transfer rate from three quantum dots. CdSe, CdS and CdTe to three metal oxides TiO2, SnO2 and ZnO2 in the presence of four blocking layers ZnS, ZnO, TiO2 and Al2O3, in a porous quantum dot sensitized solar cell. (QDSSC) structure ...

  2. Dense ceramic articles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cockbain, A.G.

    1976-01-01

    A method is described for the manufacture of articles of substantially pure dense ceramic materials, for use in severe environments. Si N is very suitable for use in such environments, but suffers from the disadvantage that it is not amenable to sintering. Some disadvantages of the methods normally used for making articles of Si N are mentioned. The method described comprises mixing a powder of the substantially pure ceramic material with an additive that promotes densification, and which is capable of nuclear transmutation into a gas when exposed to radiation, and hot pressing the mixture to form a billet. The billet is then irradiated to convert the additive into a gas which is held captive in the billet, and it is then subjected to a hot forging operation, during which the captive gas escapes and an article of substantially pure dense ceramic material is forged. The method is intended primarily for use for Si N, but may be applied to other ceramic materials. The additive may be Li or Be or their compounds, to the extent of at least 5 ppm and not more than 5% by weight. Irradiation is effected by proton or neutron bombardment. (UK)

  3. Immigrant Health in Toronto, Canada: Addressing Food Insecurity as a Social Determinant of Tuberculosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burgess, Danielle

    2016-01-01

    In Canada, tuberculosis is 20 times more likely to be experienced by new immigrants than by Canadian citizens. Food insecurity, which has implications for developing tuberculosis, is linked to poverty and immigration status and has costly implications for individuals and public health. This article explores the history of the Ontario government's failure to adequately address poverty and food insecurity and the role of social work in addressing these issues. Recommendations for addressing food insecurity at a policy level include increasing the rate and goals of the Ontario Works program. Implications for new immigrants, tuberculosis and public health are explored.

  4. 19 CFR 4.69 - Shipping articles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Shipping articles. 4.69 Section 4.69 Customs... VESSELS IN FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC TRADES Foreign Clearances § 4.69 Shipping articles. No vessel of the U.S... officer, of the shipping articles agreements, including any seaman's allotment agreement, required by 46 U...

  5. Article separation apparatus and method for unit operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pardini, Allan F.; Gervais, Kevin L.; Mathews, Royce A.; Hockey, Ronald L.

    2010-06-22

    An apparatus and method are disclosed for separating articles from a group of articles. The apparatus includes a container for containing one or more articles coupled to a suitable fluidizer for suspending articles within the container and transporting articles to an induction tube. A portal in the induction tube introduces articles singly into the induction tube. A vacuum pulls articles through the induction tube separating the articles from the group of articles in the container. The apparatus and method can be combined with one or more unit operations or modules, e.g., for inspecting articles, assessing quality of articles, or ascertaining material properties and/or parameters of articles, including layers thereof.

  6. Light addressable gold electrodes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Khalid, Waqas

    2011-07-01

    The main objective carried out in this dissertation was to fabricate Light Amplified Potentiometric sensors (LAPS) based upon the semiconductor nanoparticles (quantum dots) instead of its bulk form. Quantum dots (QDs) were opted for this device fabrication because of their superior fluorescent, electric and catalytic properties. Also in comparison to their bulk counterparts they will make device small, light weighted and power consumption is much lower. QDs were immobilized on a Au substrate via 1,4 benzene dithiol (BDT) molecule. Initially a self-assembled monolayer (SAM) of BDT was established on Au substrate. Because of SAM, the conductivity of Au substrate decreased dramatically. Furthermore QDs were anchored with the help of BDT molecule on Au substrate. When QDs immobilized on Au substrate (QD/Au) via BDT molecule were irradiated with UV-visible light, electron-hole pairs were generated in QDs. The surface defect states in QDs trapped the excited electrons and long lived electron-hole pairs were formed. By the application of an appropriate bias potential on Au substrate the electrons could be supplied or extracted from the QDs via tunneling through BDT. Thus a cathodic or anodic current could be observed depending upon bias potential under illumination. However without light illumination the QD/Au electrode remained an insulator. To improve the device different modifications were made, including different substrates (Au evaporated on glass, Au evaporated on mica sheets and Au sputtered on SiO{sub 2}/Si) and different dithiol molecules (capped and uncapped biphenyl 4,4' dithiol and capped and uncapped 4,4' dimercaptostilbenes) were tried. Also different QD immobilization techniques (normal incubation, spin coating, layer by layer assembly (LbL) of polyelectrolytes and heat immobilization) were employed. This device was able to detect electrochemically different analytes depending upon the QDs incorporated. For example CdS QDs were able to detect 4

  7. Adolescent Vaccines: Latest Recommendations, Addressing Barriers, and Improving Vaccine Rates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rose, Kathleen C

    2017-07-01

    The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices recommends that the Tdap, HPV, and meningitis vaccines be administered to youth beginning between the ages of 11 and 12. The school nurse, knowledgeable about vaccine schedules and the rationale for the schedules, is in a unique position to advocate for all adolescent vaccines and their timely administration through addressing parent-guardian concerns and supporting other healthcare providers in completing the adolescent vaccines. This article reviews current recommendations for adolescent vaccinations and the actions needed to improve vaccination rates with a focus on Human Papillomavirus vaccine, the vaccine with the lowest completion rates among this age group. Additionally, school nurses are introduced to Middle School Health Starts Here, a program for school nurses designed to address the whole child as students progress from 5th grade to middle school. Public policy issues including school mandates, along with possible barriers to vaccine completion in adolescents, are discussed.

  8. Extracting Core Claims from Scientific Articles

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jansen, Tom; Kuhn, Tobias

    2017-01-01

    The number of scientific articles has grown rapidly over the years and there are no signs that this growth will slow down in the near future. Because of this, it becomes increasingly difficult to keep up with the latest developments in a scientific field. To address this problem, we present here an

  9. 154 ORIGINAL ARTICLE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    boaz

    ABSTRACT. This study investigated the prevalence and antibiotics susceptibility of Enterococcus spp. isolated from patients and some selected hospital environment in Abuja, Nigeria. The samples included clinical and environmental. The clinical samples included stool, urine and wound swabs while the environmental ...

  10. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2017-09-10

    Sep 10, 2017 ... The tests included sieve analysis, optimum moisture content, specific gravity and dry unit weight for each of the sample. 2.2.1. Shear Box Test ... e including 100% sand. (b) matic diagram of the bunker (b) Location of gauge at ANSYS AUTOD software. DISCUSSION unit weight, specific gravity, and moisture ...

  11. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-07-16

    Jul 16, 2016 ... 1) Monetary market which includes Islamic banks and non-banking institutions and the insurance service providing firms. 2) Capital markets including stock market and Skuk and infrastructural institutions like rating agencies and the companies which provide legal and accounting standards (Azar et al, ...

  12. Main Propulsion Test Article (MPTA)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snoddy, Cynthia

    2010-01-01

    Scope: The Main Propulsion Test Article integrated the main propulsion subsystem with the clustered Space Shuttle Main Engines, the External Tank and associated GSE. The test program consisted of cryogenic tanking tests and short- and long duration static firings including gimbaling and throttling. The test program was conducted on the S1-C test stand (Position B-2) at the National Space Technology Laboratories (NSTL)/Stennis Space Center. 3 tanking tests and 20 hot fire tests conducted between December 21 1 1977 and December 17, 1980 Configuration: The main propulsion test article consisted of the three space shuttle main engines, flightweight external tank, flightweight aft fuselage, interface section and a boilerplate mid/fwd fuselage truss structure.

  13. Business and Commerce, We maintain a "Common Place" point layer which includes business names and locations across the county. This data layer is tied to our address points., Published in 2013, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Brown County Government.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC Local Govt | GIS Inventory — Business and Commerce dataset current as of 2013. We maintain a "Common Place" point layer which includes business names and locations across the county. This data...

  14. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-07-16

    Jul 16, 2016 ... characteristics in this study included working capital, size of firm and financial leverage. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of macroeconomic variables and firm characteristics on quality of financial reporting. In this study, Francis et al Model (2005) has been used to examine the quality of ...

  15. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    2017-08-08

    Aug 8, 2017 ... including low reliability of defect detection and subjective decision-making. ... Using the vibration- acoustic sensors fixed on an outer surface, the vibration signals generated by the water flow in the pipe were obtained. In order to process the large ... A great variety of the methods and the means of leak.

  16. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2018-01-15

    Jan 15, 2018 ... Published on. ABSTRACT. Floods often cause loss of buildings d. Community chooses insurance for reco. Insurance companies need to determine affordable by the community. This pape. Tsukamoto method in determining the amo the premium, the variables used include in of premium is determined ...

  17. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    2017-10-17

    Oct 17, 2017 ... Also, most of this type of ... act as the root in developing any instructional materials including courseware. Of many types of learning theories, MI proposed by Gardner and Hatch, (1989) is considered as one of .... Musical - This aspect is embedded in the AC4LV by providing song, starting music, and sound.

  18. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2018-01-15

    Jan 15, 2018 ... Annual average loss (AAL) includes property and crop damage, number of casualties, disease epidemics and other intangible losses [3]. Table 1. Type of disaster in Malaysia: Its frequency, mortality rate and economic issues [2]. Type of Disaster. Frequency (%). Mortality (%). Economic Issues (%). Flood. 63.

  19. Full Length Research Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dr Ahmed

    biochemical changes include hypoglycaemia, elevated total ... been observed in both rabbits and rats experimentally infected with ... haematological, biochemical and pathological changes monitored and reported. This research becomes imperative because of the increasing rate at which animal pets that could act as ...

  20. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2017-02-15

    Feb 15, 2017 ... of the fault, and obviously it can be useful in aviation industry. Keywords: Helicopter Control, Fault Detection and Isolation, Human Fault, Bond Graph. INTRODUCTION. In the investigations of various boards of assessment of human faults in aviation accidents occurrence, including International Transport ...

  1. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-07-16

    Jul 16, 2016 ... reproduced. Every culture includes values, principles and fundamentals that affect other aspects ... Given that, the emphasis on cultural issues in architecture has begun since the past four decades. (Baydar ... disregarding this importance in today's designs, and due to shortage of scientific and research.

  2. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-07-16

    Jul 16, 2016 ... demand for universities. Therefore, higher education institutions are competing to gain more share from market. So the higher education environment .... dimensions, including university selection process, the effectiveness of university professors and ..... “Marketing mix formulation for higher education An.

  3. Full Length Research Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    MEMUNA

    ABSTRACT. A non cooperative markov game with several unique characteristics was introduced. Some of these characteristics include: the existence of a single phase multi server queuing model and markovian transition matrix/matrices for each game, introduction of virtual situations (virtual reality) or dummies to improve ...

  4. ORIGINAL ARTICLE 205

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    boaz

    harvest food commodities including the ready to eat foods [4-7]. Their significance in different environmental hazards such as flooding,. Hurricane Katrina among others has also been recorded both in the United State and Denmark. [8]. According to Hawksworth [9 and 10], less is known about the variation of fungal diversity.

  5. 2 ORIGINAL ARTICLE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dr Oboro VO

    below the age of 15 years constituted the greatest percentage of infected subjects (63.4%) followed by patients aged between 16-30 years ... are the leading causes of bacteraemia among patients attending the University Teaching Hospital, Yaoundé. Keywords: .... Antibiotic discs used included penicillin, amoxicillin(25 g), ...

  6. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-05-15

    May 15, 2016 ... (94-89) in Hematology-Oncology section of Namazi hospital, this study was performed retrospectively.The necessary data included age, sex, diagnosing leukemia type, place of birth, occupation, time of admission and discharge, duration of hospitalization, the patient's chief complaint and other complaints, ...

  7. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    2017-11-24

    Nov 24, 2017 ... Results: This study included 120 patients with chronic non-atrophic gastritis, 39 with metaplasia, 5 with dysplasia, and 6 with neoplasia. No cases of atrophic gastritis were observed. The percentages of patients with pepsinogen I levels lower than normal and without metaplasia (75.9%)or neoplasia (96.6%) ...

  8. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    2017-10-05

    Oct 5, 2017 ... image processing. Detail explanations including experimental results that show the effectiveness of the proposed techniques are described in this paper. The proposed algorithm has been successfully detect and separate agglomerate RBC with 96% accuracy. Algorithm validation was verified with RBC ...

  9. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-05-15

    May 15, 2016 ... or “knowledge” and the general theory of knowledge (rather than specific forms of it). Similar to other branches of knowledge, epistemology raises certain questions with regard to its object of study including: Is knowledge possible? What is knowledge made of? How is knowledge different from justified ...

  10. Review Article Liquisolid Tablets

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Erah

    starch glycolate (Explotab13, Pumogel, etc.) Pre-formulation Studies. These include solubility determination of drug in different non-volatile solvents, determination of angle of slide, determination of Φ values, calculation of liquid load factor. (Lf), liquisolid compressibility test (LSC), etc. Solubility studies. These are carried by ...

  11. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2017-09-10

    Sep 10, 2017 ... Situational awareness (SA) is the mental picture created by the continuous extraction of environment information and integration of the information with previous knowledge for predicting future perception and events [1]. SA can be mapped to many different areas including military since SA will improve ...

  12. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2017-08-08

    Aug 8, 2017 ... Standards of selecting and evaluating athletes by this method are sometimes not complete and reasonable. As a result ... decision-makers such as peers and parents and the tension to select players for immediate success. ... Another related studies included psychology as third component [1-2]. Various ...

  13. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2017-08-08

    Aug 8, 2017 ... physically demanding sport which require excessive movements including turns, jumps, sprints ... psychological, tactical, technical and anthropometric elements of the soccer [6]. Benefits of ... the study is informed to the managers of the academies, parents, and guardians of the players. Consent forms were ...

  14. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    2017-11-10

    Nov 10, 2017 ... liabilities and long-term investments. Under the second method, the invested funds include paid-up capital, reserves, general provisions (investment risks), maintained earnings, net income and long-term liabilities. Thus, the zakatable amount is the whole amount minus the net fixed assets, investment not ...

  15. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-07-16

    Jul 16, 2016 ... law is applicable on the market that a price trend tends to be stable unless an external force avoid it. This strategy includes investment in the market and claims that positive or negative return in the past is continiued in a certain period in the future. Contrarian strategy belives that market majority and public ...

  16. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2017-10-05

    Oct 5, 2017 ... The function of mobile device covers almost all human daily activities including performing office works, business, ... In the nutshell, m-learning can be one of the promising and potential learning mediums for the ... be used an alternative medium to educate our new generation on Islamic marital practices for.

  17. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-07-16

    Jul 16, 2016 ... advantage (Schneider and McDonald, 2007). In fact, effectiveness associated with the performance and providing satisfaction for humans are among efforts conducted in this regard. (Yukle, 2008). ... studies include a study conducted by Saner and Eyupoglu in 2015, titled as “job satisfaction among staff of ...

  18. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2017-08-08

    Aug 8, 2017 ... The advantages of notational analysis in sports cannot ... methods including different measurement devices in the area of notational analysis of sports ..... Technology. 2017, 7(1):305-314. [26] Abdullah M R, Maliki A B H M, Musa R M, Kosni N A, Juahir H, Haque M. Multi-hierarchical pattern recognition of ...

  19. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2018-01-15

    Jan 15, 2018 ... to the management of reverse logistics as one of the strategies to increase competitive advantage [6]. Based on .... In previous research, company policy and corporate strategic plan is important including routinely make report ... interval, using the SRS technique, one element is selected. In this research, a ...

  20. IJAAAR 2012 COMPLETE ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2011

    exogenous structural break is included. Perron (1989) allows for a one time structural change occurring at a ... permits an exogenous change in the rate of growth, and one that allows both changes. These hypotheses are ..... Hendry, D. F. and N. R. Ericsson (1991). “Modeling the Demand for. Narrow Money in the United.

  1. 68 ORIGINAL ARTICLE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dr Oboro VO

    transmitted through blood transfusion. These include. Treponema pallidum,. Plasmodium sp., human T-lymphotrophic virus (HTLV), Babesia, Leishmania,. Trypanosoma cruzi, variant Creutzfeldt-Jacob. Disease (vCJD) agent, cytomegalovirus. (CMV)and Epstein Barr virus (EBV). Therefore, the need to render donated blood.

  2. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    2017-10-17

    Oct 17, 2017 ... This industry includes a wide range of birds, however chickens are the most frequently commercialized of all these birds. The agricultural sector has since transformed itself from largely a mere ... Research on customer's perceived service quality and loyalty in the hotel .... technology of the organization.

  3. 61 ORIGINAL ARTICLE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    Hajiya Gambo Sawaba General Hospital Zaria, Kaduna State Ministry of Health. 2. Department of .... The power supply was switch off when dye front has .... be included among the blood borne pathogen that are tested before blood transfusion in government and private hospitals in Kaduna state. The health system.

  4. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-05-15

    May 15, 2016 ... Agility capabilities include responsiveness, competence, speed and flexibility. The main feature of agile organizations is to deal with changes properly. 3- Agility enablers: are tools to achieve the needed capabilities. Agility enablers obtained by four elements such as structure, technology, human resource ...

  5. Netcitizenship : Addressing Cyberevenge and Sexbullying

    OpenAIRE

    Cohen-Almagor, Raphael

    2015-01-01

    This article discusses the phenomena of Cyberevenge, sexbullying, and sextortion, especially among young people. The discussion, based on extensive review of books, research reports, newspapers, journal articles and pertinent websites, analyzes these challenges. The article suggests some remedies to counter these online social ills which pertain to promoting responsibility of netcitizens, schools, governments, Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) and social networking sites.

  6. Port virtual addressing for PC

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bolanos, L.; Arista, E.; Osorio Deliz, J.F.

    1997-01-01

    Instruments for nuclear signal measurements based on add-on card for a personal computer (PC) are designed often. Then one faces the problem of the addressing of data input/output devices which show an integration level or intelligence that makes the use of several port address indispensable, and these are limited in the PC. The virtual addressing offers the advantage of the occupation of few addresses to accede to many of these devices. The principles of this technique and the appliances of a solution in radiometric in a radiometric card based on programmed logic are discussed in this paper

  7. Reclaiming unused IPv4 addresses

    CERN Multimedia

    IT Department

    2016-01-01

    As many people might know, the number of IPv4 addresses is limited and almost all have been allocated (see here and here for more information).   Although CERN has been allocated some 340,000 addresses, the way these are allocated across the site is not as efficient as we would like. As we face an increasing demand for IPv4 addresses with the growth in virtual machines, the IT Department’s Communication Systems Group will be reorganising address allocation during 2016 to make more efficient use of the IPv4 address ranges that have been allocated to CERN. We aim, wherever possible, to avoid giving out fixed IP addresses, and have all devices connected to the campus network obtain an address dynamically each time they connect. As a first stage, starting in February, IP addresses that have not been used for more than 9 months will be reclaimed. No information about the devices concerned will be deleted from LANDB, but a new IP address will have to be requested if they are ever reconnected to t...

  8. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    2017-11-10

    Nov 10, 2017 ... Table 3 depicts the results for Site and soil characteristics, Rooftop andon-site greenery. For. Site and soil characteristics, the top ranking are dominated by five elements including. Sustainable site orientation (M = 4.00, SD = 0.63), Site near to mass transit (M = 4.00, SD = 0.89), Non-toxic soils (M = 4.00, SD ...

  9. A sample article title

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    tomm

    2012-05-01

    May 1, 2012 ... random amplification of polymorphic DNA (PCR-RAPD) conditions included 10X PCR buffer compositions such as (NH4)2SO4 with 0.1% (v/v) Tween 20 over KCl buffer with and without 0.8% (v/v). Nonidet P40 and an 'optimized' buffer which contains KCl and (NH4)2SO4, MgCl2 (2.5 mM), Taq enzyme.

  10. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    2017-11-10

    Nov 10, 2017 ... mail: gootheah@salam.uitm.edu.my. /10.4314/jfas.v9i6s.19 al and Applied Sciences http://www.jfas.info. NonCommercial 4.0. CANCER CELLS,. P. M. Yusof1 ... lucidum have shown to assert cytotoxic effects in various cancer cell lines, including breast, .... British Journal of Nutrition, 2004, 91(2):263-269.

  11. 21 ORIGINAL ARTICLE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    boaz

    Des échantillons ont été obtenus par prélèvement propre àl'urine moyenne ou par aspiration supra pubienne. Les organismes ont été identifiés par des méthodes ..... bacteria enter the blood stream, they could cause severe complications, including septicemia, shock and, rarely, death. Conversely there may also be.

  12. How You Can Help Your Child Avoid & Address Bullying

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... How You Can Help Your Child Avoid & Address Bullying Page Content Article Body Whether on the school ... other ways. Getting that response usually makes the bullying behavior continue. Your child should try to keep ...

  13. Linguocreative components of the Spanish print media in the communicative aspect of “addresser-addressee”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Елена Николаевна Ремчукова

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The object of research of the article is the “qualitative” Spanish media: linguocreative means of analytical newspaper articles used as a means for dialogization in the communicative aspect of “addresser-addressee” are analyzed here. Interacting with metaphoric means of the newspaper article (metaphor, personification, etc. linguocreative means (neologisms, transformed quotes and idioms, polysemantic titles form its pragmatic orientation. They are aimed at expressing the author’s position, but require some special linguistic efforts to interpret them in the context of the whole article. In the article we point out the tendency of the modern Spanish media text to stylistic contamination, which is also considered like a method of speech influence on the recipient: colloquial, low colloquial (including rude vernacular elements are transformed to peculiar markers of the author’s view of current political events.

  14. Tracking Multiple Topics for Finding Interesting Articles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pon, R K; Cardenas, A F; Buttler, D J; Critchlow, T J

    2008-01-03

    We introduce multiple topic tracking (MTT) for iScore to better recommend news articles for users with multiple interests and to address changes in user interests over time. As an extension of the basic Rocchio algorithm, traditional topic detection and tracking, and single-pass clustering, MTT maintains multiple interest profiles to identify interesting articles for a specific user given user-feedback. Focusing on only interesting topics enables iScore to discard useless profiles to address changes in user interests and to achieve a balance between resource consumption and classification accuracy. iScore is able to achieve higher quality results than traditional methods such as the Rocchio algorithm. We identify several operating parameters that work well for MTT. Using the same parameters, we show that MTT alone yields high quality results for recommending interesting articles from several corpora. The inclusion of MTT improves iScore's performance by 25% in recommending news articles from the Yahoo! News RSS feeds and the TREC11 adaptive filter article collection. And through a small user study, we show that iScore can still perform well when only provided with little user feedback.

  15. Employee assistance programs: a workplace resource to address intimate partner violence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pollack, Keshia M; Austin, Whitney; Grisso, Jeane Ann

    2010-04-01

    Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a major public health problem with significant impact on the workplace. Employee assistance programs (EAPs) are a confidential benefit to assist employees and their families with a variety of problems that may negatively affect their job performance. The purpose of this systematic review is to study the extant literature to identify articles that have explored the role of EAPs in addressing IPV. We searched Medline, PsychINFO, and Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) for English-language papers that have explored how EAPs can address IPV. Articles published through 2008 were included. Our review yielded nine articles, mostly from EAP-centered journals. Nearly all of the studies were published before the year 2000 and primarily describe the need for EAPs to be more engaged in preventing violence against women. Most of the studies were commentaries, often using case reports to support recommendations on how EAPs could address IPV. Results from the two intervention studies revealed close connections between EAP clients being treated for alcoholism and IPV perpetration and the effectiveness of a standardized tool to identify EAP clients experiencing IPV. Research in this area is in its infancy, and more studies are needed to inform the formulation of evidence-based policies and programs that guide the role of EAPs in addressing IPV. The lack of research on how EAPs address IPV is alarming, as many employers state that they often refer employees affected by IPV to the EAP for assistance.

  16. The 2012 NCTE Presidential Address: Literacy, Rhetoric, Education, Democracy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilyard, Keith

    2013-01-01

    This article presents the text of Keith Gilyard's presidential address, delivered at the National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE) Annual Convention in Las Vegas, Nevada, on November 18, 2012. In his address he proposes several core elements that he believes will instrumentally improve the education system in the United States: a rich…

  17. Bibliometric analysis of lung transplantation research articles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eshraghi, M; Habibi, G; Rahim, M B; Mirkazemi, R; Ghaemi, M; Omidimorad, A; Alavi, A A; Banazadeh, M

    2011-03-01

    In the last 30 years lung transplantation has proven to be a lifesaving therapeutic option for patients with end-stage lung disease. The objective of this study was to perform a bibliometric analysis of lung transplantation research articles. A bibliometric evaluation of the evolution of scientific production in the field of lung transplantations between 1989 and 2009 was conducted using the ISI Web of Science. The search terms selected were "lung transplant" OR "pulmonary transplant". Specific features including year of publication, language, geographical distribution, first author, main journal publishing these articles, journals publishing highly cited articles, and institutional affiliation were analyzed. The citation characteristics of articles were additionally analyzed. A total of 6409 (58.0 %) research articles were found. The time trend of the number of articles showed an increase of more than 6.81 between 1989 and 2009. North America contributed 50.4 % and Europe contributed 46.0 % of published articles. The greatest number of contributions came from the USA (43.6 %), followed by England (9.1 %) and Germany (8.6 %). There were 104 522 citations of these articles by 25 July 2010. The average citation per article was 16.31. The New England Journal of Medicine ranked first with regard to the number of articles and the number of highly cited articles. G. A. Patterson, Washington University, and the US National Institutes of Health (NIH) were the top author, institution and funding agency, respectively. The number of publications and the scientific interest in lung transplantation has increased rapidly in recent years. Citations of articles published in the field of lung transplantation are increasing and the numbers of uncited articles are fewer compared to the average citations of articles and uncited articles in the field of medicine. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  18. EFSA Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies (NDA); Scientific Opinion on the substantiation of a health claim related to a combination of lycopene, vitamin E, lutein and selenium and protection of the skin from UV-induced (including photo-oxidative) damage pursuant to Article 13(5) of Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tetens, Inge

    -protective activity of the food, delaying the appearance of UV-induced erythema and decreasing its intensity. The target population proposed by the applicant is healthy adults in the general population, and in particular people with sensitive skin. The Panel considers that protection of the skin from UV......-induced (including photo-oxidative) damage is a beneficial physiological effect. The applicant identified one bioequivalence study as being pertinent to the health claim. The Panel notes that this study did not assess direct measures of UV-induced (including photo-oxidative) skin damage. Therefore, no conclusions...

  19. Reflective article having a sacrificial cathodic layer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kabagambe, Benjamin; Buchanan, Michael J.; Scott, Matthew S.; Rearick, Brian K.; Medwick, Paul A.; McCamy, James W.

    2017-09-12

    The present invention relates to reflective articles, such as solar mirrors, that include a sacrificial cathodic layer. The reflective article, more particularly includes a substrate, such as glass, having a multi-layered coating thereon that includes a lead-free sacrificial cathodic layer. The sacrificial cathodic layer includes at least one transition metal, such as a particulate transition metal, which can be in the form of flakes (e.g., zinc flakes). The sacrificial cathodic layer can include an inorganic matrix formed from one or more organo-titanates. Alternatively, the sacrificial cathodic layer can include an organic polymer matrix (e.g., a crosslinked organic polymer matrix formed from an organic polymer and an aminoplast crosslinking agent). The reflective article also includes an outer organic polymer coating, that can be electrodeposited over the sacrificial cathodic layer.

  20. Biaxially textured articles formed by powder metallurgy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goyal, Amit; Williams, Robert K.; Kroeger, Donald M.

    2003-07-29

    A biaxially textured alloy article having a magnetism less than pure Ni includes a rolled and annealed compacted and sintered powder-metallurgy preform article, the preform article having been formed from a powder mixture selected from the group of mixtures consisting of: at least 60 at % Ni powder and at least one of Cr powder, W powder, V powder, Mo powder, Cu powder, Al powder, Ce powder, YSZ powder, Y powder, Mg powder, and RE powder; the article having a fine and homogeneous grain structure; and having a dominant cube oriented {100} orientation texture; and further having a Curie temperature less than that of pure Ni.

  1. Biaxially textured articles formed by power metallurgy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goyal, Amit; Williams, Robert K.; Kroeger, Donald M.

    2003-08-26

    A biaxially textured alloy article having a magnetism less than pure Ni includes a rolled and annealed compacted and sintered powder-metallurgy preform article, the preform article having been formed from a powder mixture selected from the group of mixtures consisting of: at least 60 at % Ni powder and at least one of Cr powder, W powder, V powder, Mo powder, Cu powder, Al powder, Ce powder, YSZ powder, Y powder, Mg powder, and RE powder; the article having a fine and homogeneous grain structure; and having a dominant cube oriented {100} orientation texture; and further having a Curie temperature less than that of pure Ni.

  2. Control, discipline and punish?: Addressing corruption in South Africa

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This article provides a 'high level' view of current debates about the causes of and remedies for corruption in South Africa, with a view to reflecting on how to address corruption. The article starts by providing an overview of the current integrity framework and initiatives to strengthen it within the domains of public ...

  3. Addressing the concerns of rural communities about access to ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    This article assesses the traditional systems of accessing and using plant genetic resources as well as the benefit sharing and systems of sanctioning infringement in the context of biodiversity related activities in specific areas in the Northwest province of Cameroon. The article also addresses the type research and ...

  4. Unpublished letter from US Geological Survey Scientists to the editor of the New York Times Magazine regarding William J. Broads' November 18, 1990 article on Yucca Mountain

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dudley, W.W. Jr.; Buono, A.; Carr, M.D.; Downey, J.S.; Ervin, E.M.; Fox, K.F. Jr.; Gutentag, E.D.; Hayes, L.R.; Jones, B.F.; Luckey, R.R.; Muhs, D.R.; Peterman, Z.E.; Reheis, M.; Spengler, R.W.; Stuckless, J.S.; Taylor, E.M.; Whitney, J.W.; Wilson, W.E.; Winogard, I.J.

    1990-01-01

    This letter documents objections of a group of US Geological Survey Scientists to an article appearing November 18, 1990 in New York Times Magazine. The article was written by William J. Broad and dealt with a hypothesis of Jerry S. Szymanski. The letter addressed areas of concern; including hydrology, geology, tectonics, and the integrity of the scientists and their conclusions. (SM)

  5. Newspaper Clippings and Articles (Weather-related)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Weather-related newspaper articles and photos, almost exclusively from Baltimore, MD and nearby areas. Includes storm damage, rainfall reports, and weather's affect...

  6. The 100 most cited articles in dentistry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feijoo, Javier F; Limeres, Jacobo; Fernández-Varela, Marta; Ramos, Isabel; Diz, Pedro

    2014-04-01

    To identify the 100 most cited articles published in dental journals. A search was performed on the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) Web of Science for the most cited articles in all the journals included in the Journal Citation Report (2010 edition) in the category of "Dentistry, Oral Surgery, and Medicine". Each one of the 77 journals selected was analyzed using the Cited Reference Search tool of the ISI Web of Science database to identify the most cited articles up to June 2012. The following information was gathered from each article: names and number of authors, journal, year of publication, type of study, methodological design, and area of research. The number of citations of the 100 selected articles varied from 326 to 2050. All articles were published in 21 of the 77 journals in the category. The journals with the largest number of the cited articles were the Journal of Clinical Periodontology (20 articles), the Journal of Periodontology (18 articles), and the Journal of Dental Research (16 articles). There was a predominance of clinical research (66 %) over basic research (34 %). The most frequently named author was Socransky SS, with 9 of the top 100 articles, followed by Lindhe J with 7. The decades with most articles published of the 100 selected were 1980-1989 (26 articles) and 1990-1999 (25 articles). The most common type of article was the case series (22 %), followed by the narrative review/expert opinion (19 %). The most common area of study was periodontology (43 % of articles). To our knowledge, this is the first report of the top-cited articles in Dentistry. There is a predominance of clinical studies, particularly case series and narrative reviews/expert opinions, despite their low-evidence level. The focus of the articles has mainly been on periodontology and implantology, and the majority has been published in the highest impact factor dental journals. The number of citations that an article receives does not necessarily reflect the

  7. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-07-22

    Jul 22, 2012 ... Objectives. There are 19 physician anaesthesia training programmes within the 16 Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) region countries ... The postgraduate anaesthesia curricula currently used in countries such as .... Madagascar (French-speaking) have physician postgraduate programmes.

  8. ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    campbell

    The vulture is the most threatened group of birds in the world, and currently, 14 of 23 (61%) vulture species worldwide are threatened with extinction, and the most rapid declines have occurred in Asia and. Africa. (Sekercioglu. 2006,. Anderson. 2007,. BirdLife. International 2011, Ogada et al. 2011). Due to severe declines in.

  9. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-07-28

    Jul 28, 2012 ... decision making, Honesty, Good clinical judgment, Communication skills and Carry out professional responsibilities. Interpersonal professionalism attributes were considered more important than intrapersonal or public professionalism. Conclusion. This study suggests that professionalism attributes are not.

  10. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-12-03

    Dec 3, 2012 ... Three full-time permanent staff members manage the department between the two sites and additional part-time clinical supervisors are employed to assist .... An advantage of the e-learning platform is that it enables students to ... assessment and testing.3 Students at the University of Basel in Switzerland.

  11. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Essential characteristics of student professionalism are commitment, honesty, discretion, co-operation, participation, diligence and temperance. Students need to know how to deal with unprofessional behaviour, whether their own or other students' or teachers'. Medical schools must have comprehensive programmes for ...

  12. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    yinka

    value of an organization by treating the knowledge of organizational members as an asset similar to capital facilities, (U.S. Department ... generate the value of knowledge-based assets, an imperative of modern business”. Knowledge ..... emphasis on the balanced scorecard learning and growth perspective. Management,.

  13. ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Houston, and an anonymous referee, improved the manuscript considerably, and we thank them for helping us clarify our. findings. The first two authors were students at Sherbrooke University and conservation science intems at Hawk Mountain Sanctuary when the work was carried out. This is. Hawk Mountain Sanctuary ...

  14. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-06-15

    Jun 15, 2012 ... cur in alternative forms such as through the use of written and audiovisual educational materials in appropriate languages, or over the telephone, both of which have .... The translation of US testing kits to the. South African context requires consideration of several issues. First, an appropriate test must detect ...

  15. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2011-06-11

    Jun 11, 2011 ... intervention studies and it is unknown whether implementing these rec- ommendations would have an effect at all, and if so whether the magni- tude of the effect would warrant large-scale implementation of language training. Few intervention studies for HCWs and non-language-concordant patients have ...

  16. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    available. A study conducted by Chigbu and Dim (2012) on connectivity and accessibility in .... Marital status. Single. 85. 36.2. Married. 150. 63.8. Rank. Professors. 20. 8.5. Associate. Professors. 22. 9.4. Senior Lecturers. 40. 17.0. Lecturers I. 32. 13.6. Lecturers II ..... Lecturers level of satisfaction with availability of electronic.

  17. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp 2000 pc

    The study discovered that book piracy affects investment in publishing business; discourage creativity among Nigerians; increase unemployment in publishing sector; lowers profitability to publishing companies and revenue generation to government. The research recommends among others that publishing companies.

  18. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nelson Edewor

    media enabled students to access local and web contents of information needs globally. The findings revealed that ... (2013) opined that web 2.0 technology and its associated social networks have brought tremendous effects to ..... :Facet publishing. Mcloughlin, Dawn and Benn, Jill (2014) Reference 2.0: evolution of virtual.

  19. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    wallow

    Universities in developed countries are benefitting more from Intellectual Property (IP) they create than those in ... that are patentable and copyrighted which industries can deploy into their production process. To achieve that .... results. It also repositioned the Intellectual Property Management Office (IPMO) to spearhead.

  20. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Easy trade

    learning, video conferencing, etc (Otubelu, 2010). ICT is an essential ... as in work places will enhance social development. It is very important ... effective ICT use. This is indeed a pronounced problem in academic libraries, (Otubelu, 2010. Availability and Utilization of Information Communication Technology. Facilities in a ...

  1. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hindrance to successful implementation is that the planning and financing of continuing education is occurring ... training are needed to overcome the challenges associated with interpreter- mediated consultations. ..... communication skills, emotional labour, stress-coping, and well-being among physicians. Archives, The ...

  2. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-07-15

    . University Rotterdam. 2007. ISBN 978-0-620-38223-6. 15. Ghosh S, Pandya H. Implementation of integrated learning program in neurosciences during first year of traditional medical course: perception of student and faculty.

  3. articles

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    denise

    2011-12-04

    Dec 4, 2011 ... speed, learning and memory, attention and working memory, speech and language, executive functioning ... verbal and visual memory are considered highly sensitive indicators of HAND. These episodic ... indicate that basic receptive (e.g. auditory comprehension) and expressive (e.g. repetition) language ...

  4. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2011-06-29

    Jun 29, 2011 ... fault for which medical malpractice liability may be incurred will usually be negligence, it may in ... of negligence, they may assist in tempering the increasing litigation spiral. Adequate allocation of funding ... present is just a normalisation towards global trends, and whether the increase in litigation may be ...

  5. article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ournal of Child He alth. The Western Cape Department of Health's Comprehensive Service. Plan (CSP) set out a blueprint for service reconfiguration in the public health ..... indication of the required bed complement in these new services; however, there ... complications of HIV disease and feeding/intestinal failure issues.

  6. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    from the secretariat databases at the WRO and WHCED under ethics clearance number M120147. Graphs and linear regression analyses were made with GraphPad Prism (Version 4, GraphPad. Software Inc., San Diego, CA, USA). Results. Wits Research Office (WRO). The secretariat for general research applications is in ...

  7. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2013-05-15

    May 15, 2013 ... construct meaning about health policies and services.[14] This engagement with the health system requires students to face the .... between satisfaction with the learning environment and burnout of medical students.[22] The implication for elective design was clear – avoiding haphazard arrangements for ...

  8. ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    tendency for the westernisation of our diet was noted, with the traditional low-fat, high-fibre diet being replaced by a hig~-fat, low-fibre diet. This of course is in agreement with the increasing urbanisation which the country is experiencing as part of its transition. In terms of micronutrients (Table 1), calcium and riboflavin intake ...

  9. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Compensation for participation in research. This element contained 3 items that required the PGSs to explain and describe availability of compensation, medical treatment and the risks if injury occurred. The performance in all these 3 items was below average, with the highest score 13.75%. Category B. Comprehension of ...

  10. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-12-02

    Dec 2, 2012 ... Research capacity development is a global issue that faces all health professionals as it aims to enhance a profession through providing evidence for intervention strategies and thus assist in improving the quality of the healthcare delivered. However, when it comes to identifying strategies to promote the ...

  11. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2013-05-27

    May 27, 2013 ... are nine interdisciplinary classes, each with an academic staff member. Supervisors are also recruited from within the university to facilitate student learning in the schools. Most of the student health promotion projects are aligned with the Life Orientation (LO) curriculum of the. Western Cape Education ...

  12. articles

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    musculoskeletal conditions, particularly lower back pain, as the leading cause of disability.6 People in jobs with high social and ethical responsibility, such as in the police force, the military and teaching, may be at particular risk for developing stress-related disorders.7 Among these disorders, depression, anxiety and post-.

  13. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    Abstract. The study assessed resources and services of the Nigeria Arabic Language Village (NALV). Library, Ngala. Four objectives and four research questions guided the study. Survey research design was adopted. The target population of the study was 1,030, out of which, 206 was drawn as the sample for the study.

  14. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2010-08-17

    Aug 17, 2010 ... innovations was to shift the teaching from the previous didactic method to the more student-focused method of ... discussions around the change in teaching strategy. Although all involved academic staff ... novation. Is temperament a key to the success of teaching innovation? JJ Blitz1, MR van Rooyen1, DA ...

  15. Articles

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Proteomic variation in Korean ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer) isolates from different geographic regions · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. KiBeom Lee, KwanSoon Park, 1738-1745 ...

  16. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    outcomes in the domains of knowledge, skills and professional behaviour. The objective of the study was to determine the experiences of the fifth cohort of graduating students from a medical programme following curricular transformation. Curriculum evaluation is integral to curriculum development and implementation.

  17. ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Campbell Murn

    Traders identified the following traits ascribed to vulture remains: treatment of epilepsy, insanity, stroke, ease of delivery in women, spiritual protection against witches and witchcraft, evil spirits, good luck (during gambling, money doubling, competition, contest), to stimulate walking in infants, and to gain supernatural powers.

  18. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    FAMILY

    Abstract. This paper evaluated the collections of Ramat Library, University of Maiduguri, Ibrahim Musa. Library, Sir Kashim College of Education, and Ramat Polytechnic Library Maiduguri, in terms of availability of funds, currency, and quantity of the materials available for the benefit of all their users. Four objectives and four ...

  19. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2013-05-09

    May 9, 2013 ... Background. In 2007, a Supervision Course in Undergraduate Clinical Supervision was developed at the Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences at Stellenbosch University in South Africa. The target group was inter-professional clinical educators that are involved in student education on the.

  20. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Physicians were asked how useful learning about specific topics would be to improve their communication with patients from different cultural or socioeconomic backgrounds. The self-report measures were examined using mean differences among specialities, gender, and correlation with years in clinical practice. Results.

  1. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2011-06-11

    Jun 11, 2011 ... Spanish to HCWs in the USA has shown significant improvements in communication with Hispanic patients and in-patient satisfaction.11,12. Multifaceted interventions targeting staff-patient communication have been shown to improve patient satisfaction in emergency room settings in Australia.13 A study ...

  2. ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Campbell Murn

    Occasionally poisoned dogs using. Strychnine and then reportedly buried the carcasses. Many trees had been felled around the site and this may have contributed to their decline. More common in dry season. Respondent directed us to. Bungoma District. Hospital, sewage works and Kitale. Town to find HVs. Bungoma.

  3. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Roland

    adopted a descriptive survey research design and used the stratified and simple random sampling techniques to ... advent of information technologies has led ... retrieve and evaluate information has. Information literacy skills as correlates of library user satisfaction among undergraduates in Nigeria. Information Impact:.

  4. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Publicly Financed Research and Development Act (IPR Act)23 regulates intellectual property rights, patents and benefits that may be applicable to HBMs. In Brazil, the Comissao Nacional de Ethica em Pesquisa (Na- tional Commission for Research Ethics) (CONEP) is respon- sible for assessing ethical issues arising from ...

  5. articles

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Most people spend most of their awake hours at work.1 Work may generate emotional, mental and/or physical disturbances in many people, and the quality and nature of people's experience at work may therefore have major health implications. Demanding or frustrating work or an inability to cope with stressors at work can.

  6. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    The study investigated the need for professional assistance to users of information retrieval tools at the National Library of Nigeria, Enugu branch. A total of 38 (thirty-eight) users of the library were randomly selected and used for the study. It was found that most of the respondents. 18(47.3%) consulted the card catalogue ...

  7. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Not licensed for children below 2 years, prescribed for child <3 months. Piroxicam. Not licensed for children <6 years, prescribed for children <5 months. Licensed for use only in children with chronic juvenile arthritis, used as antipyretic in children. Paracetamol. Not licensed for children <6 years, prescribed for children <3 ...

  8. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    satisfactorily. Having basic computer skills is a significant strength of e-library users in the universities. Therefore, computer self-efficacy is required to effectively explore new information system effectively because information stored in e-libraries have become, “with search engines, in general, one of the major web services, ...

  9. articles

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2011-09-03

    Sep 3, 2011 ... Sexual dissatisfaction was assessed with one item, 'How satisfied are you with ... Depression. We assessed depressive symptoms using the 10-item version of the. Centres for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D).17 The .... social support, lack of quality of life and low depressive symptoms.

  10. articles

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    cut-off point of binge drinking for women (4 units) was reduced by one unit compared with men (5 units), as recommended by. Freeborn et al.29 Responses to items on the AUDIT are rated on a. 4-point Likert scale from 0 to 4, for a maximum score of 40 points. Higher AUDIT scores indicate more severe levels of risk; scores ...

  11. ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    vigorous search for and treatment of maxillary sinusitis in nasotracheally intubated patients improves mortality.l'. One cause of conflict in the ICU is the persistently septic abdomen following rupture of a viscus, surgery or trauma. It is essential to be aware of the fact that the critically ill patient, who is often sedated and on ...

  12. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    homes and in the workplace. The continuous threat dominates the core of their existence, ... HIV testing of rape perpetrators.2,3 The Minister of Women, Chil- dren and Persons with Disabilities, Noluthando ..... treatment, which amounts to discrimination against this category of prisoner. There is also the moral dilemma of ...

  13. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    wallow

    Scope of the study. This study covered universities in South-west, Nigeria and six cadres of the lecturers. (from professor to assistant lecturers) in the selected universities. Seven IP: copyrights, performers' right, trademarks, patents, geographic indications, industrial design and trade secrets were the main focus of the study.

  14. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2009-06-23

    Jun 23, 2009 ... The other theory that is often used in religious-based medical ethics is the principle of double effect. This states that while it is wrong to commit a bad act, a good act is good in itself. If a good act has unintended bad consequences, then the person perform- ing the act is not morally blameworthy for those ...

  15. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-12-02

    Dec 2, 2012 ... decision making or even wholly patient-centred model. This shift is more obvious in the ... model of communal decision making, healthcare financing is also often communally based, due to a lack of .... Therefore many patients might not return to the hospital because of fear of rejection or embarrassment.

  16. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    of HIV/AIDS, child sexual abuse, teenage pregnancy and school drop-out rates in this country.9 The research ... on teenage pregnancies that many children in South Africa are engaging in sexual activities before the age of 16 ... ment while maintaining self-esteem and avoiding causing shame to him/herself.16. This stage is ...

  17. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Consider, for example, the young woman who consulted a doctor.4 The patient's mother saw the doctor's wife socially a few days later. In the course of their conversation, the doctor's wife relayed information disclosed by the patient to the doctor during the ..... tients, she or the doctor could approach the relevant patient and,.

  18. articles

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2011-12-04

    Dec 4, 2011 ... between the legal and psychiatric professions is not as effective as ... legal profession. The American Academy of Psychiatry and the. Law also highlights this when it mentions in its ethical guidelines that psychiatry and law have each ..... on helping court professionals to be more knowledgeable about.

  19. ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Campbell Murn

    this species. Vultures sold in stalls had been killed using agricultural chemicals, shotguns, traps, and ground tobacco powder. Urgent and drastic conservation measures are needed to prevent further exploitation of critically endangered vultures in Nigeria and ... hunting, electrocution and collision, disturbance, and ...

  20. articles

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2011-09-03

    Sep 3, 2011 ... to assess perceived social support,20 as used by Simbayi et al.21 The items were selected to reflect perceived tangible and emotional support. The Cronbach α-reliability coefficient of this 3-item scale was 0.92 in this sample. Internalised AIDS stigma. We used the 6-item internalised AIDS-related stigma ...

  1. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    MRS VIOLET IKOLO

    revealed that the teacher librarian have high level of job satisfaction. Also, Jeyara (2017) observed that 40% of teacher librarians were not satisfied with the whole facets related to their jobs. Pay is of importance in the discussion of the aspects of job satisfaction. Eva (2009) rated salary as one of the most satisfying aspects of ...

  2. ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Iron deficiency anaemia is a global public health problem as compelling and harmful as epidemics of ... death. Mental and motor development is impaired in anaemic infants and children and apathy, inactivity and .... use processed foods such as noodles, breakfast cereals and.soup cubes as vehicles for iron. Weaning foods ...

  3. ARTICLE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    With permission we tape—recorded some of these sessions, transcribed the recordings on to paper and analysed the results by sifting out common themes of the FGDs. FINDINGS. The FGDs in the schools revealed several perceived obstacles to an effective health education schistosomiasis control programme in the area.

  4. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-12-04

    Dec 4, 2012 ... Corresponding author: G W Jones (gjones@cvh.on.ca). Objectives. Inadequate training of investigators in statistics and research methods in Africa contributes to having limited local evidence and infrastructure to support multi-centre international trials. Methods of teaching junior oncology professionals ...

  5. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2011-06-04

    Jun 4, 2011 ... research has focused on the relationship between the health care profes- sional and the patient.4,5 At least one study has ... meaningful group or ''social network'' or to signal (that one is playing) a socially meaningful role'. ... among students of similar academic backgrounds. Objective: The aim of this study ...

  6. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-06-27

    Jun 27, 2012 ... Kollapen stated that specific expenses in respect of the surrogate mother should be motivated in the agreement, as a danger exists that 'generic payments for expenditure without specificity may well run the risk of disguising the payment of compensation'.32 Full de- tails regarding the agency that facilitates ...

  7. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-12-01

    Dec 1, 2012 ... Corresponding author: D Pretorius (deodanda@andurihl.com). Four years ago, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) ceased compliance with the Declaration of Helsinki (DoH) (2000 revision and all subsequent revisions) for conduct of clinical trials outside its borders. It instead ruled that compliance ...

  8. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2009-06-12

    Jun 12, 2009 ... sexual intercourse. What is not clear, however, is whether gametes outside the human body may only be used for medical or dental purposes, or whether this section only .... has been expressed regarding the role of the presumptions in ..... ticulates it as follows in National Coalition for Gay and Lesbian.

  9. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    health issues with their young children. Adolescents need such information else they go in search in books and electronics. Some even ask friends as some ladies experience their first menstruation in school. The arrival and proliferation of electronic resources and digital libraries have already influenced and changed the ...

  10. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    GREATBENSON

    social media policy, low level of ICT literacy among librarians in public libraries are the major constraints to effective integration of social media. This study has not only provided empirical evidences on the readiness of librarians in public libraries towards integrating social media tools to library and information services but ...

  11. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    HP

    Abstract. The aim of the paper is to examine the level of awareness and use of social media in knowledge management practices in university libraries. The study is guided by three (3) objectives: to identify social media tools used in knowledge management (KM) practices; ascertain areas of knowledge management ...

  12. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nelson Edewor

    Abstract. The changing nature of library services and the advent of social media network technology have created emphasis on its usage in academic institutions. Librarians are using the latest social media technology in marketing their information products and services to the library patrons. The aim of this study is ...

  13. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    HOD

    Internet Driven Learning Society in Nigerian Universities. The paper investigated the popularity of internet services within the university community and its consequences in academic performance. The study showed that there is a great adverse effect in the areas of combining social and media exploration like Facebooking ...

  14. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    FUTLIB12

    Electronic resources are sources of information in digital formats that are accessed using computers or hand-held ... tools like computer, internet, electronic networks and CD-ROMs. Before now, computer has ... the effect of access and utilisation of electronic information resources on academic performance of postgraduate ...

  15. ARTICLES -

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    transfer of resistant bacterial pathogens is increased. The emergence of resistant bacteria is, however, a global problem affecting not only nosocomial but also community-acquired infections. .... Quinolone or carbapenem plus aminoglycoside. • Carbapenem monotherapy. Potential additions to each regimen could be.

  16. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-12-01

    Dec 1, 2012 ... It will also consider when, under the Consumer Protection Act, such clauses may be regarded as unfair, unreasonable or unjust contract terms, and when certain terms and conditions have to be drawn to consumers' attention. Common law position regarding hospital exclusion clauses that limit liability for.

  17. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2011-06-18

    Jun 18, 2011 ... tomical lexicon the concept of unclaimed bodies, since these were viewed as the most acceptable source .... This, in turn, was further legitimised by the sentiment that those who have been looked after by .... This Act was amended in 1884 to extend the list of authorised people having lawful possession of a ...

  18. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    library patrons on how to behave while in the library so as to minimize noise, and on how to use the library facilities so as to prolong the lifespan of ... and Sciences (TITS) and Panipat Institute of. Engineering and Technology (PIET) ..... own and know how to operate smartphones they find it easy and convenient to use the.

  19. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-07-11

    Jul 11, 2012 ... In medical training an intern or houseman is a professional who has almost completed training as a doctor and is ... which are important in the delivery of quality medical service, were not given adequate attention. ... (hospital management, hospital staff, academic opportunities), personal attributes and ...

  20. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2010-12-23

    Dec 23, 2010 ... of the course. Teaching biopsychosocial competence and the principles of primary health care (PHC) at the patient's bedside. Lauraine Vivian1, Sean .... Importance of good communication skills. • Holistic approach to taking a history. • Improved critical thinking skills. • Improved observation skills.

  1. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    political process, exercise rights of citizenship, generate wealth, create art, and provide for the common security. Amartya Sen famously theorised that the capability to avoid starvation, preventable morbidity, and early mortality is a substan- tive freedom that enriches human life. Depriving people of this ca- pability strips them ...

  2. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ONAADE OJO

    competitive dynamics and non-market factors that can be used to enhance competitive advantage. It is a relevant tool for strategic decision making which in return impacts national development. Though CI is an organizational function developed for the business organizations and later expanded to other sectors in the ...

  3. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2011-12-06

    Some of the quotations from participants that are used in the section below were translated from Afrikaans to English.) Motivation to attend the short course. Supervisors attended the course for various reasons, for example they felt.

  4. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2011-06-15

    Jun 15, 2011 ... resource use, strategy use, and motivation'. Within all of this there are opportunities and challenges as highlighted by the following quotes. Skills development. EBP module has allowed me to develop skills regarding the process of evidence-based practice as well as reflecting on what I do and how. I do it.

  5. Articles

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-04-05

    Apr 5, 2012 ... Dirección General para la Biodiversidad,. Ministerio de Medio Ambiente, Madrid, 404 pp. Perea Rodríguez, J.L., Morales Villarroel, M. & Velasco Cabas, J. 1990. El Alimoche. (Neophron percnopterus) en España. Población, distribución, problemática y conservación. ICONA. Colección Técnica. Madrid.

  6. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    , in 2000 ... an offence and obliges employers who still allow smoking in the workplace to provide designated smoking areas. However, the Act also ..... sexual harassment, the case discloses that there was a smoking policy in place and that the ...

  7. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    Abstract. The study investigated the extent of awareness and use of The Essential Electronic Agricultural. Library (TEEAL) resources by faculty members of Federal University, Kashere and Federal. College of Education (Technical) Gombe. A survey design was adopted for the study. The questionnaire was used as data ...

  8. ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2007-09-02

    Sep 2, 2007 ... refuse dump, feeding on remains of former carcasses or foraging in palm stands. King Vultures also monitored large .... predator had finished feeding, returned to eat the remains. The next episode started on 23 June, the day after a carcass was finished and the King Vultures (n = 21) had left the valley.

  9. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2009-06-30

    Jun 30, 2009 ... people, especially the elderly, those facing a terminal disease such as dementia and those who are in ... for this control by enabling a person to express wishes regarding possible treatment for the future .... Because she refuses to discuss her wishes for treatment with him and the rest of their family, Sipiwe ...

  10. articles

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2011-09-03

    Sep 3, 2011 ... memory deficits as well as her co-morbid OCD. Her functioning has declined in the course of the 10 years since the diagnosis of schizophrenia. Later age of onset of schizophrenia. Case 5. Jake presented with onset of schizophrenia at the age of 53. He had passivity phenomena, auditory hallucinations, ...

  11. article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abel

    could in turn explain broader developments and general trends in history. The multifaceted history of the South African War (1899–1902) still intrigues researchers and continues to stimulate research, which often results in important shifts of emphasis and in direction shifts in historiography. In some instances, the shifts in ...

  12. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2011-06-24

    Jun 24, 2011 ... by the police. Whether or not allegations of dealings in body parts between certain staff and umuthi (medicine) sellers in Durban are true, the lack of proper ... in the USA.20,25. Human genes are among the items patented. The Council for. Responsible Genetics (CRG) cites research showing that in 2005.

  13. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    atrocities perpetrated during apartheid on mainly black South. Africans ... The exhibitions across Europe, Asia, USA and .... racist scientist. De Blainville's lecture on Baartman was published in 1816.16 The illustration by Berré in this publication demonstrated. 'De Blainville's invented elongated labia minora' which hung sus-.

  14. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2010-08-03

    Aug 3, 2010 ... example, literature suggests variously that assessment drives learning,11 that assessment needs to be 'authentic' to be effective,12 that 'good' assessment should promote 'deep' learning,13 that assessment needs to be. 'aligned' with outcomes and teaching strategies to be effective,14 and/ or.

  15. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-12-01

    Dec 1, 2012 ... is not published in peer-reviewed journals and charges are exorbitant for treatments that are no more than experimental.10 Many treatments are offered in countries where there is no legal pathway for medical negligence claims.10 Often there is also no ethics review process to ensure proper conduct by a ...

  16. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Windows User

    intention for mobile learning on 3G mobile Internet technology in South-West part of. Nigeria. World Journal of Engineering and Pure and Applied Sciences, 1(2), 19-28. Relative Contributions of Individual, Institutional and System factors to Utilisation of Research4Life Databases in National Agricultural Research Institutes in ...

  17. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2010-08-15

    Aug 15, 2010 ... Using portfolios to assess professional competence and development in medical laboratory sciences. Christian C Ezeala, PhD, MSc, MICR (UK), CSci (UK), AIMLS, Lecturer, Department of Health Sciences, Fiji School of Medicine, Fiji. National University, Suva, Fiji Islands; Formerly Senior Lecturer/HOD, ...

  18. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    medical community and urgent and serious consideration will have to be given to tort reform. The threat of litigation: Private ... a 30% increase in the frequency of medical negligence claims in. South Africa.1 Over the same period ... arrangements do increase access to the law to all, in reality the actual benefits are probably ...

  19. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    ROM, Online database, and World Wide Web. These resources are used to acquire, store, process, retrieve, and disseminate information. Abubakar (2011) in a study on availability and use of ICT in six Nigerian university library schools notably ...

  20. articles

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Corresponding author: P M van Zyl (vzylpm@ufs.ac.za). Introduction. Current data regarding treatment needs in South Africa for substance dependence are based on .... Table 1. Frequency of help-seeking for alcohol dependence at different groups of professional healthcare practitioners. Frequency. Groups of professional ...

  1. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The large sums of money invested by drug companies in clinical research have resulted in a veritable research ... of these strategies involved the creation of institutional review boards to oversee the ethics of clinical ... mean that enrolling patients with a particular disease process is much easier than in the developed world.

  2. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-07-22

    Jul 22, 2012 ... based training (CBT) model structured around the CanMEDS graduate profile.2 This is the approach the University of Botswana School of Medicine. (UBSoM) is using in its undergraduate and MMed curricula design. Comparison between MMed Anaesthesia programmes in the SADC. Farai Daniel ...

  3. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2008-06-11

    Jun 11, 2008 ... raises many ethical and human rights dilemmas, principally because it trades off the human rights of individuals against the public good. However, the ... there have also been particular concerns over the violations of human rights ...... E. Promoting adherence to antiretroviral therapy: the experience from a.

  4. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    yinka

    management in organizations avers that KM support innovation, encourages free flow of ideas, increases ... focuses, facets, elements or components of knowledge management which works in relation to one another to .... useful for group decision-making support distributed and virtual project teams where team members ...

  5. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    Information Impact | Journal of Information and Knowledge Management ... Influence of Job Satisfaction, Need Achievement and Team Work on Work Performance .... members of working groups take on accountability for goals other than their own. True teams, conversely, require both individual and group accountability.

  6. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    to be seen as individuals with their own individual interests and needs, not to be ... particularly in the context of a public health intervention, in view of the demands of other competing moral interests, and because it is silent on the ethics of ..... expectations and responsibilities attached to expectant mothers? Such questions ...

  7. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    a duty on the state to respect, protect, fulfil and promote these rights.1 Organs of state and certain persons, ... distanced themselves from moral responsibility for the shortcom- ings of the system within which they worked ... vulnerable individuals, whose human rights may be violated at the hands of law enforcement agencies.

  8. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    HP

    in the world of Web 2.0, using a specialized university as a case study. Of the themes that emerged, of interest in this paper are the nuances of individual lecturers and its impact on students‟ information behavior and creativity. The research ..... Students were able to chat freely with their lecturer on social media for the first ...

  9. ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    gases from the apparatus to the patient, and vice versa; (iii) soda lime filters bacteria imperfectly and, although it does kill many pathogens, Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Bacillus species survive prolonged exposure. As a consequence of these and other findings, some experts believe that breathing circuits should be ...

  10. Articles

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ZeldaH

    36, D 72459 Albstadt, Germany. dghaas@web.de. 2Department of Forest Resources and Wildlife Management, ... The language of these old texts is. Sanskrit. Thus the Egyptian Vulture. Neophron ... Their bones are thrown into a deep concavity like a well, made in the centre of it, as per this figure [i.e. our Figure 2], I having ...

  11. ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2007-03-02

    Mar 2, 2007 ... fledging a chick. In the year following capture (2003) the bird produced another fledgling from the same nest. In 2004 the bird occupied the same home range, but did not breed. PTT temperature. Mean nighttime temperature of the PTT was 23±3˚C (range: 13–31˚C, n=209) was less variable (F=140.38 df=1, ...

  12. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    funaab

    method was employed and a questionnaire was used to gather data for the study. Three thousand copies of the ... such as preschool story times to encourage early literacy, quiet study and work areas for students .... specifically for the promotion of reading among children in the areas the library serves as their current usage ...

  13. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-06-20

    Jun 20, 2012 ... from stigma and discrimination as well as assured access to in- tegrated prevention, treatment and ... erase HIV/AIDS-related stigma and discrimination at all lev- els, notably within healthcare settings ..... research reports have raised the issue of abortion as one choice a woman might make in light of her ...

  14. Articles

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2011-09-01

    Sep 1, 2011 ... The birds from this colony forage mainly in an open patchwork of wheat fields and pastures, with some remnant patches of coastal renosterveld. (relatively low growing). ... The exact position of the bird could be determined whenever it ... which affects overall fitness balance, can occur (see the discussion in ...

  15. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ONAADE OJO

    Competitive intelligence is defined as a systematic and ethical program for gathering and analyzing information about your competitor's activities and general business trends to further your own company's goals (The Society of Competitive Intelligence Professionals (SCID) cited by Bexon, Stephens, & Pritchett 2012).

  16. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp 2000 pc

    creativity, diminishes talents and denies the intellectuals of the rights to the benefits of their property. There have been increasing concerns from authors and publishing industry in Nigeria over illegal book trade. This is because, pirates do not bear origination of published materials yet they sell and profit from fake products ...

  17. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-12-01

    Dec 1, 2012 ... based on negative results from a companion study in the Americas. (HVTN 502 or ... HIV/AIDS Vaccines Ethics Group, School of Applied Human Sciences, College of Humanities, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban. C Slack ... seropositive, 'might cause an as yet undefined effect on the immune response ...

  18. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-12-01

    Dec 1, 2012 ... public-spirited ways.' Now, what did Adam Smith (1723 – 1790), the Scottish social philosopher and father of modern economics, have in mind when he used the term 'moral sentiments'? Smith regarded human relationships as the source of our ability to form moral judgements. This ability counters our ...

  19. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Windows User

    Standard Deviation to answer research questions while t-test, Analysis of Variance and Simple. Regression Analysis were used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significant. The result revealed that there is a ..... Table 6: Simple linear regression analysis for the influence of functionality of ICT facilities on their usage for ...

  20. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ABIOLA SOKOYA

    Abstract. The Internet as a useful tool that supports teaching and learning is not in full use in most secondary schools in Nigeria hence limiting the students from maximizing the potentials of. Internet in advancing their academic pursuits. This study, therefore, examined the extent to which computer self-efficacy and computer ...

  1. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    repetition of learning until all students have achieved the required level of proficiency.1 Simulation may reduce ... The use of simulation in a CSC to teach, learn and assess the indi- vidual practical procedures allows ... used to pilot the questionnaire in order to identify errors and ambigu- ous questions. The questionnaires ...

  2. ARTICLE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    sonnel (n=41) available on the day of the survey, using a topic guide. We interviewed antenatal mothers (n=287) using a sepa- rate topic guide and we checked their antenatal cards against their verbal responses. We explored ..... who received a blood transfusion in the paediatric depart- ment from March 1996 until May ...

  3. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    various forms like e-books, digital libraries, online journal magazine, e-learning tutors and online text. ... Similarly,. Kwadzo (2015) observed that many studies have been undertaken on electronic databases in the areas of ... Kwadzo (2015) about the awareness and usage of electronic databases by graduate students of the.

  4. Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    HOD

    advantages and benefits, such as the ease of learning anywhere and anytime, as well as can motivate students in learning activities. Sarwar and Soomro (2013) argued that the ..... The Effect of Smartphone on Students' Critical Thinking. Skill in Relation to the Concept of Biodiversity. American Journal of Educational.

  5. Pump apparatus including deconsolidator

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sonwane, Chandrashekhar; Saunders, Timothy; Fitzsimmons, Mark Andrew

    2014-10-07

    A pump apparatus includes a particulate pump that defines a passage that extends from an inlet to an outlet. A duct is in flow communication with the outlet. The duct includes a deconsolidator configured to fragment particle agglomerates received from the passage.

  6. Addressing techniques of liquid crystal displays

    CERN Document Server

    Ruckmongathan, Temkar N

    2014-01-01

    Unique reference source that can be used from the beginning to end of a design project to aid choosing an appropriate LCD addressing technique for a given application This book will be aimed at design engineers who are likely to embed LCD drivers and controllers in many systems including systems on chip. Such designers face the challenge of making the right choice of an addressing technique that will serve them with best performance at minimal cost and complexity. Readers will be able to learn about various methods available for driving matrix LCDs and the comparisons at the end of each chap

  7. Shared address collectives using counter mechanisms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blocksome, Michael; Dozsa, Gabor; Gooding, Thomas M; Heidelberger, Philip; Kumar, Sameer; Mamidala, Amith R; Miller, Douglas

    2014-02-18

    A shared address space on a compute node stores data received from a network and data to transmit to the network. The shared address space includes an application buffer that can be directly operated upon by a plurality of processes, for instance, running on different cores on the compute node. A shared counter is used for one or more of signaling arrival of the data across the plurality of processes running on the compute node, signaling completion of an operation performed by one or more of the plurality of processes, obtaining reservation slots by one or more of the plurality of processes, or combinations thereof.

  8. Exploring the evidence in pediatric hematology and oncology nursing through the "article of the month".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linder, Lauri

    2010-01-01

    As the scope of pediatric hematology and oncology nursing expands, nurses are challenged with staying current in the evidence guiding their practice. Nurse-reported barriers to accessing and utilizing research include lack of time as well as difficulty in accessing, understanding, and synthesizing findings. Journal clubs provide a process to guide nurses in the review of current literature related to their practice and promote utilization of research and evidence-based practice among nurses. This article describes the transition of an in-person journal club to an electronically delivered "Article of the Month." The "Article of the Month" is offered six times each year and is posted on the service line's password-protected intranet website. Oversight of the "Article of the Month" is provided by the service line clinical nurse specialist who selects articles based on an annual learning needs assessment and develops a quiz to assess learning and promote critical thinking among nursing staff. Outcomes include anecdotal reports of increased staff confidence in managing emergent patient care needs and greater appreciation of nursing care issues for children with cancer. Areas for future development include exploring options for increasing in-person discussion of issues addressed in the "Article of the Month" among staff members, extending the "Article of the Month" to nurses in other service areas who care for children with cancer, and increasing staff participation in article selection and quiz item development. An ultimate goal is to develop formal evaluation strategies to link this educational strategy to clinical outcomes.

  9. A Hidden Crisis: Including the LGBT Community When Addressing Sexual Violence on College Campuses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pérez, Zenen Jaimes; Hussey, Hannah

    2014-01-01

    Recently, sexual assault on college campuses has received increased national attention. In its first report, the White House Task Force to Protect Students from Sexual Assault highlighted steps colleges and universities can take to curb the number of sexual assaults on campuses. For the first time, the U.S. Department of Education has released the…

  10. Batteries not included

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cooper, M.

    2001-01-01

    This article traces the development of clockwork wind-up battery chargers that can be used to recharge mobile phones, laptop computers, torches or radio batteries from the pioneering research of the British inventor Trevor Baylis to the marketing of the wind-up gadgets by Freeplay Energy who turned the idea into a commercial product. The amount of cranking needed to power wind-up devices is discussed along with a hand-cranked charger for mobile phones, upgrading the phone charger's mechanism, and drawbacks of the charger. Details are given of another invention using a hand-cranked generator with a supercapacitor as a storage device which has a very much higher capacity for storing electrical charge

  11. Multiple views to address diversity issues: an initial dialog to advance the chiropractic profession

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Claire; Killinger, Lisa Zaynab; Christensen, Mark G.; Hyland, John K.; Mrozek, John P.; Zuker, R. Fred; Kizhakkeveettil, Anupama; Perle, Stephen M.; Oyelowo, Tolu

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to provide expert viewpoints on the topic of diversity in the chiropractic profession, including cultural competency, diversity in the profession, educational and clinical practice strategies for addressing diversity, and workforce issues. Over the next decades, changing demographics in North America will alter how the chiropractic profession functions on many levels. As the population increases in diversity, we will need to prepare our workforce to meet the needs of future patients and society. PMID:23966884

  12. Optical modulator including grapene

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Ming; Yin, Xiaobo; Zhang, Xiang

    2016-06-07

    The present invention provides for a one or more layer graphene optical modulator. In a first exemplary embodiment the optical modulator includes an optical waveguide, a nanoscale oxide spacer adjacent to a working region of the waveguide, and a monolayer graphene sheet adjacent to the spacer. In a second exemplary embodiment, the optical modulator includes at least one pair of active media, where the pair includes an oxide spacer, a first monolayer graphene sheet adjacent to a first side of the spacer, and a second monolayer graphene sheet adjacent to a second side of the spacer, and at least one optical waveguide adjacent to the pair.

  13. DisArticle: a web server for SVM-based discrimination of articles on traditional medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Sang-Kyun; Nam, SeJin; Kim, SangHyun

    2017-01-28

    Much research has been done in Northeast Asia to show the efficacy of traditional medicine. While MEDLINE contains many biomedical articles including those on traditional medicine, it does not categorize those articles by specific research area. The aim of this study was to provide a method that searches for articles only on traditional medicine in Northeast Asia, including traditional Chinese medicine, from among the articles in MEDLINE. This research established an SVM-based classifier model to identify articles on traditional medicine. The TAK + HM classifier, trained with the features of title, abstract, keywords, herbal data, and MeSH, has a precision of 0.954 and a recall of 0.902. In particular, the feature of herbal data significantly increased the performance of the classifier. By using the TAK + HM classifier, a total of about 108,000 articles were discriminated as articles on traditional medicine from among all articles in MEDLINE. We also built a web server called DisArticle ( http://informatics.kiom.re.kr/disarticle ), in which users can search for the articles and obtain statistical data. Because much evidence-based research on traditional medicine has been published in recent years, it has become necessary to search for articles on traditional medicine exclusively in literature databases. DisArticle can help users to search for and analyze the research trends in traditional medicine.

  14. Introduction to IP address management

    CERN Document Server

    Rooney, Tim

    2010-01-01

    "The book begins with a basic overview of IP networking, followed by chapters describing each of the three core IPAM technologies: IPv4 and IPv6 addressing, DHCP, and DNS. The next three chapters describe IPAM management techniques and practice, followed by chapters on IPv4-IPv6 co-existence, security and the IPAM business case"--

  15. Innovative Legal Approaches to Address Obesity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pomeranz, Jennifer L; Teret, Stephen P; Sugarman, Stephen D; Rutkow, Lainie; Brownell, Kelly D

    2009-01-01

    Context: The law is a powerful public health tool with considerable potential to address the obesity issue. Scientific advances, gaps in the current regulatory environment, and new ways of conceptualizing rights and responsibilities offer a foundation for legal innovation. Methods: This article connects developments in public health and nutrition with legal advances to define promising avenues for preventing obesity through the application of the law. Findings: Two sets of approaches are defined: (1) direct application of the law to factors known to contribute to obesity and (2) original and innovative legal solutions that address the weak regulatory stance of government and the ineffectiveness of existing policies used to control obesity. Specific legal strategies are discussed for limiting children's food marketing, confronting the potential addictive properties of food, compelling industry speech, increasing government speech, regulating conduct, using tort litigation, applying nuisance law as a litigation strategy, and considering performance-based regulation as an alternative to typical regulatory actions. Finally, preemption is an overriding issue and can play both a facilitative and a hindering role in obesity policy. Conclusions: Legal solutions are immediately available to the government to address obesity and should be considered at the federal, state, and local levels. New and innovative legal solutions represent opportunities to take the law in creative directions and to link legal, nutrition, and public health communities in constructive ways. PMID:19298420

  16. Addressing Trauma in Substance Abuse Treatment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giordano, Amanda L.; Prosek, Elizabeth A.; Stamman, Julia; Callahan, Molly M.; Loseu, Sahar; Bevly, Cynthia M.; Cross, Kaitlin; Woehler, Elliott S.; Calzada, Richard-Michael R.; Chadwell, Katie

    2016-01-01

    Trauma is prevalent among clients with substance abuse issues, yet addictions counselors' training in trauma approaches is limited. The purpose of the current article is to provide pertinent information regarding trauma treatment including the use of assessments, empirically supported clinical approaches, self-help groups and the risk of vicarious…

  17. Spouses with identical residential addresses before marriage: an indicator of pre-marital cohabitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haskey, J

    1997-01-01

    This article analyses new data on identical address marriages in England and Wales during 1994. It outlines previous background research which has provided good evidence that identical address marriages are likely to be ones in which the couple premaritally cohabited. Recent evidence, based on results from the General Household Survey, is also presented. The article analyses the number and characteristics of identical address marriages, both to provide new (proxy) information on pre-marital cohabitation, and also to announce the publication of a new set of tables on identical address marriages which will be included in the Marriage and Divorce Statistics annual reference volume in future years. Overall, six in every 10 couples marrying in 1994 gave identical addresses. The pattern of variation of this proportion among different subgroups of couples who married in 1994 is analysed--according to: age at marriage; the previous marital status of the partners before marriage; the manner of solemnisation of the marriage, and, for religious weddings, by denomination; by day of the week; month of the year, and by the county in which the wedding took place.

  18. Retraction of published article The article with the following ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ACSS

    The article with the following particulars (A) has been retracted from publication in the African. Crop Science Journal due to later emergency of evidence that parts of its contents were earlier published in another article in The Crop Journal with particulars presented in (B) below: A: MD. Mokter Hossain, Hon-Ming Lam and ...

  19. Criticism and Interpretation: Teaching the Persuasive Aspects of Research Articles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gillen, Christopher M.

    2006-01-01

    Research articles are an excellent tool for promoting active learning about the scientific process. One difficulty in teaching research articles is that they address a professional audience and often seek to be persuasive as well as informative. This essay discusses pedagogical strategies that are intended to help students differentiate the purely…

  20. Preparing Special Education Research Articles in APA Style.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Algozzine, Bob; Spooner, Fred; Karvonen, Meagan

    2002-01-01

    This article addresses key considerations in preparing special education research articles for submission to professional journals in which the preferred style guide is the "Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association." The guidelines are drawn from special education literature, from editors, and from authors experienced in…

  1. Article-in-a-Box

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Volume 1 Issue 5 May 1996 pp 2-2 Article-in-a-Box. Chief Editor's column / The First Electronic Computer · V Rajaraman · More Details Fulltext PDF. Volume 1 Issue 6 June 1996 pp 2-4 Article-in-a-Box. Konrad Lorenz · Raghavendra Gadagkar · More Details Fulltext PDF. Volume 1 Issue 8 August 1996 pp 3-4 Article-in-a- ...

  2. Societal Controversies in Wikipedia Articles

    OpenAIRE

    Borra, E.; Weltevrede, E.; Ciuccarelli, P.; Kaltenbrunner, A.; Laniado, D.; Magni, G.; Mauri, M.; Rogers, R.; Venturini, T.

    2015-01-01

    Collaborative content creation inevitably reaches situations where different points of view lead to conflict. We focus on Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia anyone may edit, where disputes about content in controversial articles often reflect larger societal debates. While Wikipedia has a public edit history and discussion section for every article, the substance of these sections is difficult to phantom for Wikipedia users interested in the development of an article and in locating which...

  3. Medical Articles in Eighteenth Century American Magazines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coggins, Clemency Chase

    1965-01-01

    Formal medical publication began in the United States with The Medical Repository in 1797. Between 1741, the date of the first American magazine, and 1797 medical articles were included in general magazines. This study deals with ten representative magazines and reviews their general content. The varying content of the medical articles is analyzed into broad categories, and several important physicians, contributors to the magazines, are discussed. The Medical Repository is treated as a culmination of eighteenth century medical publication. PMID:14306031

  4. Crisis management aspects of bam catastrophic earthquake: review article.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadeghi-Bazargani, Homayoun; Azami-Aghdash, Saber; Kazemi, Abdolhassan; Ziapour, Behrad

    2015-01-01

    Bam earthquake was the most catastrophic natural disasters in recent years. The aim of this study was to review different aspects of crisis management during and after the catastrophic earthquake in Bam City, Iran. Data needed for this systematic review were collected through searching PubMed, EMBASE and SID databases, for the period from 2003 to 2011. Keywords included earthquake, Iran and Bam earthquake. The data were summarized and were analyzed using Content Analysis. Out of 422 articles, 25 articles were included in the study. Crisis Management aspects and existing pitfalls were classified into seven categories including planning and organization, human resource management, management of logistics, international humanitarian aids, field performance of the military and security forces, health and medical service provision, and information management. Positive aspects and major pitfalls of crisis management have been introduced in all the mentioned categories. The available evidence indicated poor crisis management during Bam earthquake that resulted in aggravating the losses as well as diminishing the effect of interventions. Thus, concerning the importance of different aspects of the crisis management and the high prevalence of disasters in Iran, the observed vulnerability in disaster management process should be addressed.

  5. Barriers to addressing perinatal mental health issues in midwifery settings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bayrampour, Hamideh; Hapsari, Ayu Pinky; Pavlovic, Jelena

    2018-04-01

    poor perinatal mental health is linked to various adverse pregnancy and child outcomes. Despite having a holistic philosophy of care, similar to other maternity care settings, perinatal mental health issues often remain under-diagnosed and untreated in midwifery settings. to determine midwives' perceived barriers to the screening, referral, and management of perinatal mental health issues. integrative review. the following databases were searched: MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, and PsycINFO. We included qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods studies published in a peer-reviewed journal in English. Two reviewers independently extracted data and subsequently integrated the extracted data into a single data matrix. The data matrix was compared iteratively across primary data sources to identify themes and sub-themes. The identified barriers to screening, management and referrals were subsequently categorized into provider-level and system-level barriers. The relevance and methodological quality of the included studies were evaluated using appropriate checklists. three hundreds and fifty six articles were retrieved. Twenty studies met the inclusion criteria and were included. Insufficient/lack of training, lack of clarity regarding the scope of practice and time constraints were common provider level barriers across various stages of addressing mental health issues from identification to management. The system-level barriers were more complex and diverse and included unclear pathways and unlinked services, lack of local guidelines or policies, continuity of care, structured office procedures, clinical support and supervision and accessible educational resources, scarcity of available referral resources, complex bureaucratic processes and challenges related to expansion of the scope of practice. training, expansion of the scope of practice and collaborative care are central for successful screening, management and appropriate and timely referrals of perinatal mental

  6. Apparatus for orientating cylindrical articles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lauder, D.R.; Bailey, A.

    1984-01-01

    First and second chambers, each having a rotor, are interconnected by a passage. The first chamber has a contoured periphery to receive articles and the passage is shaped and dimensioned to permit travel therealong only of those articles which are orientated in the first chamber with their longitudinal axes either in the direction of travel or normal to the direction of travel. Articles in other orientations are carried round the first chamber by the rotor for representation at the passage. The rotor in the second chamber permits the passage of those articles which have their longitudinal axes in the direction of travel and topples by means of blades, the articles having their axes normal to the direction of travel into positions in which the axes are in the direction of travel. (author)

  7. Addressing the workforce pipeline challenge

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leonard Bond; Kevin Kostelnik; Richard Holman

    2006-11-01

    A secure and affordable energy supply is essential for achieving U.S. national security, in continuing U.S. prosperity and in laying the foundations to enable future economic growth. To meet this goal the next generation energy workforce in the U.S., in particular those needed to support instrumentation, controls and advanced operations and maintenance, is a critical element. The workforce is aging and a new workforce pipeline, to support both current generation and new build has yet to be established. The paper reviews the challenges and some actions being taken to address this need.

  8. Top-cited articles in rehabilitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shadgan, Babak; Roig, Marc; Hajghanbari, Bahareh; Reid, W Darlene

    2010-05-01

    To identify the 100 top-cited articles ever published in rehabilitation journals and to analyze their characteristics as a quantitative approach to investigating the quality and evolution of rehabilitation research. The Institute for Scientific Information Web of Knowledge Database and the 2007 and 2008 Journal Citation Report Science Editions were used to retrieve the 100 top-cited articles from 30 rehabilitation dedicated journals. The 100 top-cited articles included randomized controlled trials, case-control studies, case series studies, case reports, methodologic studies, systematic reviews, narrative reviews, and expert opinions. Two independent reviewers performed data extraction from the retrieved articles and compared their results. The Sackett's initial rules of evidence were used to categorize the type of study design as well as to evaluate the level of evidence provided by the results of the 100 top-cited articles. Among the 45,700 articles published in these journals, the 100 top-cited articles were published between 1959 and 2002 with an average of 200 citations an article (range, 131-1109). Top-cited articles were all English-language, primarily from North America (United States=67%; Canada=11%) and published in 11 journals led by the Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. Eighty-four percent of the articles were original publications and were most commonly prospective (76%) case series studies (67%) that used human subjects (96%) providing level 4 evidence. Neurorehabilitation (41%), disability (19%), and biomechanics (18%) were the most common fields of study. We demonstrated that methodologic observational studies performed in North America and published in English have had the highest citations in rehabilitation journals.

  9. Passage-Based Bibliographic Coupling: An Inter-Article Similarity Measure for Biomedical Articles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Rey-Long

    2015-01-01

    Biomedical literature is an essential source of biomedical evidence. To translate the evidence for biomedicine study, researchers often need to carefully read multiple articles about specific biomedical issues. These articles thus need to be highly related to each other. They should share similar core contents, including research goals, methods, and findings. However, given an article r, it is challenging for search engines to retrieve highly related articles for r. In this paper, we present a technique PBC (Passage-based Bibliographic Coupling) that estimates inter-article similarity by seamlessly integrating bibliographic coupling with the information collected from context passages around important out-link citations (references) in each article. Empirical evaluation shows that PBC can significantly improve the retrieval of those articles that biomedical experts believe to be highly related to specific articles about gene-disease associations. PBC can thus be used to improve search engines in retrieving the highly related articles for any given article r, even when r is cited by very few (or even no) articles. The contribution is essential for those researchers and text mining systems that aim at cross-validating the evidence about specific gene-disease associations. PMID:26440794

  10. Passage-Based Bibliographic Coupling: An Inter-Article Similarity Measure for Biomedical Articles.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rey-Long Liu

    Full Text Available Biomedical literature is an essential source of biomedical evidence. To translate the evidence for biomedicine study, researchers often need to carefully read multiple articles about specific biomedical issues. These articles thus need to be highly related to each other. They should share similar core contents, including research goals, methods, and findings. However, given an article r, it is challenging for search engines to retrieve highly related articles for r. In this paper, we present a technique PBC (Passage-based Bibliographic Coupling that estimates inter-article similarity by seamlessly integrating bibliographic coupling with the information collected from context passages around important out-link citations (references in each article. Empirical evaluation shows that PBC can significantly improve the retrieval of those articles that biomedical experts believe to be highly related to specific articles about gene-disease associations. PBC can thus be used to improve search engines in retrieving the highly related articles for any given article r, even when r is cited by very few (or even no articles. The contribution is essential for those researchers and text mining systems that aim at cross-validating the evidence about specific gene-disease associations.

  11. Article-level metrics and the periphery: an exploration of articles by Brazilian authors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Souza, I.V.P.; Gouveia, F.C.

    2016-07-01

    This work-in-progress paper describes an ongoing PhD study that aims to explore article-level metrics from a set of articles published by Brazilian researchers. It is argued that article-level metrics can offer a more nuanced and accurate picture of the influence of a particular work in comparison to journal-level metrics. However, if these new metrics rely on sources that exclude a large part of research from the periphery, they are at risk of simply preserving the present inequalities in the scholarly communication system. In order to understand how article-level metrics are or could be useful to the scientific community in the peripheries, we need to see what metrics are currently available, identify possible biases, and understand their meaning. We aim to contribute to this discussion with a case study focused on exploring a set of both traditional and alternative article-level metrics related to publications authored by Brazilian researchers. So far, few studies analyse article-level metrics for Brazilian publications, and most focus on Brazilian journals instead of researcher's affiliation. Our study will collect articles with DOIs registered by Brazilian researchers at the Lattes Platform, an information system maintained by the national Science, Technologies and Communications ministry. This exploration aims to address the following questions: (a) Which are the main article-level metrics available for journal articles authored by Brazilian researchers? What are the main sources of ALM data for Brazilian publications?; (b) Are there any disciplines, institutions, locations etc. that attract more mentions in the case of Brazilian articles? How do these metrics compare among themselves?; and (c) Do articlelevel metrics of publications by Brazilian researchers reflect patterns and trends observed in studies with researchers from other countries? (Author)

  12. Citing Journal Articles in Social Sciences Blogs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamid Reza Jamali

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to analyze motivations behind social sciences blog posts citing journal articles in order to find out whether blog citations of scholarly journal articles are good indicators for the societal impact of research. A random sample of 300 social sciences blog posts (out of 1,233 blog posts from ResearchBlogging published between 01/01/2012 to 18/06/2014 were subjected to content analysis. An existing categorization scheme was used and modified inductively. The 300 blog posts had 472 references including 424 journal articles from 269 different journals. Sixty-one (22.68% of all journals cited were from the category of social sciences and most of the journals with high frequency were highly cited general science journals such as PNAS and Science. Seventy-five percent of all journals were referenced only once. The average age of articles cited was 5.8 years. The most frequent (38, 12.67% motivation was to ‘neutrally presenting details of a study’. Overall, social science blogs were rather subject-oriented than article oriented. This means a considerable number of blog posts were not driven simply by writing about an article, instead bloggers tend to write about their subject of interest and use references to support their argument. The study shows the potential of blog citations as an altmetric measure and as a proxy for assessing the research impact.

  13. Published journal article with data

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — published journal article. This dataset is associated with the following publication: Schumacher, B., J. Zimmerman, J. Elliot, and G. Swanson. The Effect of...

  14. The collection of published articles

    OpenAIRE

    DVOŘÁK, Petr

    2016-01-01

    The aim of the collection of published articles is to define the requisite social skills of the English language teacher as a part of his/her professional competence, in the context of communicative language teaching in classroom interactions between English teachers and adolescent pupils. The theoretical preliminaries of the research whose findings are presented in the articles are the functional communicative approach to language and communicative language teaching. The attention is paid to...

  15. Moral hypocrisy: addressing some alternatives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Batson, C Daniel; Thompson, Elizabeth R; Chen, Hubert

    2002-08-01

    Two studies addressed alternative explanations for 3 pieces of evidence supporting the existence of moral hypocrisy. In Study 1, no support was found for the idea that low salience of social standards accounts for falsifying the result of a coin flip to assign oneself a more desirable task. In Study 2, no support was found for the idea that responses of those who honestly win the flip account for the higher ratings of morality of their action by participants who assign themselves the more desirable task after flipping the coin. Also, no support was found for the idea that responses of those who honestly win the flip account for the inability of personal moral responsibility measures to predict moral action. Instead, results of both studies provided additional evidence of moral hypocrisy.

  16. Citation advantage of open access articles.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gunther Eysenbach

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Open access (OA to the research literature has the potential to accelerate recognition and dissemination of research findings, but its actual effects are controversial. This was a longitudinal bibliometric analysis of a cohort of OA and non-OA articles published between June 8, 2004, and December 20, 2004, in the same journal (PNAS: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Article characteristics were extracted, and citation data were compared between the two groups at three different points in time: at "quasi-baseline" (December 2004, 0-6 mo after publication, in April 2005 (4-10 mo after publication, and in October 2005 (10-16 mo after publication. Potentially confounding variables, including number of authors, authors' lifetime publication count and impact, submission track, country of corresponding author, funding organization, and discipline, were adjusted for in logistic and linear multiple regression models. A total of 1,492 original research articles were analyzed: 212 (14.2% of all articles were OA articles paid by the author, and 1,280 (85.8% were non-OA articles. In April 2005 (mean 206 d after publication, 627 (49.0% of the non-OA articles versus 78 (36.8% of the OA articles were not cited (relative risk = 1.3 [95% Confidence Interval: 1.1-1.6]; p = 0.001. 6 mo later (mean 288 d after publication, non-OA articles were still more likely to be uncited (non-OA: 172 [13.6%], OA: 11 [5.2%]; relative risk = 2.6 [1.4-4.7]; p < 0.001. The average number of citations of OA articles was higher compared to non-OA articles (April 2005: 1.5 [SD = 2.5] versus 1.2 [SD = 2.0]; Z = 3.123; p = 0.002; October 2005: 6.4 [SD = 10.4] versus 4.5 [SD = 4.9]; Z = 4.058; p < 0.001. In a logistic regression model, controlling for potential confounders, OA articles compared to non-OA articles remained twice as likely to be cited (odds ratio = 2.1 [1.5-2.9] in the first 4-10 mo after publication (April 2005, with the odds ratio increasing to 2.9 (1

  17. Neutron absorbing article and method for manufacture of such article

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hortman, M.T.; Mcmurtry, C.H.; Naum, R.G.; Owens, D.P.

    1980-01-01

    A neutron absorbing article, preferably in long, thin, flat form , suitable for but not necessarily limited to use in storage racks for spent nuclear fuel at locations between volumes of such stored fuel, to absorb neutrons from said spent fuel and prevent uncontrolled nuclear reaction of the spent fuel material, is composed of finely divided boron carbide particles and a solid, irreversibly cured phenolic polymer, forming a continuous matrix about the boron carbide particles, in such proportions that at least 6% of b10 from the boron carbide content is present therein. The described articles withstand thermal cycling from repeated spent fuel insertions and removals, withstand radiation from said spent nuclear fuel over long periods of time without losing desirable neutron absorbing and physical properties, are sufficiently chemically inert to water so as to retain neutron absorbing properties if brought into contact with it, are not galvanically corrodible and are sufficiently flexible so as to withstand operational basis earthquake and safe shutdown earthquake seismic events, without loss of neutron absorbing capability and other desirable properties, when installed in storage racks for spent nuclear fuel. The disclosure also relates to a plurality of such neutron absorbing articles in a storage rack for spent nuclear fuel and to a method for the manufacture of the articles

  18. Broadsheet English: Teaching English through Newspaper Articles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akdemir, Ahmet Selcuk; Barin, Muzaffer; Demiroz, Hakan

    2012-01-01

    In this study it is aimed to debate whether newspaper articles can be used as speaking materials in foreign language courses as they include most actual and living language patterns by all means. A quasi-experimental study has been carried out at Vocational School of Tourism and Hotel Services of Erzincan University. Thirty-eight preparatory…

  19. Review Article The epidemiology of noncommunicable respiratory ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Risk factors for CRD are genetic and environmental; the latter dominated by air pollution exposures including tobacco smoke, household air pollution, outdoor air pollution and occupational exposures. Review Article ...... new emerging factors , and asthma and related allergic disorders . A statement of the World Allergy ...

  20. Writing a journal article: guidance for novice authors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Price, Bob

    2014-05-06

    This article focuses on writing for journal publication. The purpose of writing is explored, paying particular attention to the message to be conveyed and the readership to which that message is addressed.The process of drafting and revising an article for publication is outlined, after which attention is turned to the peer-review process, what peer reviewers are looking for in an article, and what might then be required of the author in redrafting the article to meet the expectations of the journal. Prospective authors are encouraged to research the journal to which they plan to submit their work, and to then target their writing to the readership of that publication.

  1. Ceramic matrix composite article and process of fabricating a ceramic matrix composite article

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cairo, Ronald Robert; DiMascio, Paul Stephen; Parolini, Jason Robert

    2016-01-12

    A ceramic matrix composite article and a process of fabricating a ceramic matrix composite are disclosed. The ceramic matrix composite article includes a matrix distribution pattern formed by a manifold and ceramic matrix composite plies laid up on the matrix distribution pattern, includes the manifold, or a combination thereof. The manifold includes one or more matrix distribution channels operably connected to a delivery interface, the delivery interface configured for providing matrix material to one or more of the ceramic matrix composite plies. The process includes providing the manifold, forming the matrix distribution pattern by transporting the matrix material through the manifold, and contacting the ceramic matrix composite plies with the matrix material.

  2. Addressing fisheries bycatch in a changing world

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lisa Marie Komoroske

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Fisheries bycatch is a threat to species of marine megafauna across the world’s oceans. Work over the past several decades has greatly advanced our understanding of the species affected, the magnitude and the spatial extent of bycatch. In the same time period, there have been substantial advances in the development of mitigation strategies and best practices to reduce bycatch. In this paper, we take stock of bycatch knowledge and science to address the critical question Where do we go from here? First, we review the current state of global bycatch science, including bycatch rate estimation and biological effects of bycatch, and bycatch mitigation practices and gear. We then identify knowledge gaps as well as socio-cultural constraints that hamper effective knowledge transfer or implementation, and discuss emerging transdisciplinary approaches to address these issues. Finally, we discuss the need to consider bycatch in a changing ocean and socio-cultural context where species, ecosystems, and people are responding to multiple stressors and dynamic conditions. As the field of bycatch research moves into the 21st century, a new perspective is needed to develop responsive strategies that effectively address the shifting ecological, social, cultural and economic contexts of the global bycatch seascape.

  3. A region addresses patient safety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feinstein, Karen Wolk; Grunden, Naida; Harrison, Edward I

    2002-06-01

    The Pittsburgh Regional Healthcare Initiative (PRHI) is a coalition of 35 hospitals, 4 major insurers, more than 30 major and small-business health care purchasers, dozens of corporate and civic leaders, organized labor, and partnerships with state and federal government all working together to deliver perfect patient care throughout Southwestern Pennsylvania. PRHI believes that in pursuing perfection, many of the challenges facing today's health care delivery system (eg, waste and error in the delivery of care, rising costs, frustration and shortage among clinicians and workers, financial distress, overcapacity, and lack of access to care) will be addressed. PRHI has identified patient safety (nosocomial infections and medication errors) and 5 clinical areas (obstetrics, orthopedic surgery, cardiac surgery, depression, and diabetes) as ideal starting points. In each of these areas of work, PRHI partners have assembled multifacility/multidisciplinary groups charged with defining perfection, establishing region-wide reporting systems, and devising and implementing recommended improvement strategies and interventions. Many design and conceptual elements of the PRHI strategy are adapted from the Toyota Production System and its Pittsburgh derivative, the Alcoa Business System. PRHI is in the proof-of-concept phase of development.

  4. Addressing Semantic Geographic Information Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salvatore F. Pileggi

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The progressive consolidation of information technologies on a large scale has been facilitating and progressively increasing the production, collection, and diffusion of geographic data, as well as facilitating the integration of a large amount of external information into geographic information systems (GIS. Traditional GIS is transforming into a consolidated information infrastructure. This consolidated infrastructure is affecting more and more aspects of internet computing and services. Most popular systems (such as social networks, GPS, and decision support systems involve complex GIS and significant amounts of information. As a web service, GIS is affected by exactly the same problems that affect the web as a whole. Therefore, next generation GIS solutions have to address further methodological and data engineering challenges in order to accommodate new applications’ extended requirements (in terms of scale, interoperability, and complexity. The conceptual and semantic modeling of GIS, as well as the integration of semantics into current GIS, provide highly expressive environments that are capable of meeting the needs and requirements of a wide range of applications.

  5. Including children with autism in general education classrooms. A review of effective strategies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrower, J K; Dunlap, G

    2001-10-01

    Children with autism can benefit from participation in inclusive classroom environments, and many experts assert that inclusion is a civil right and is responsible for nurturing appropriate social development. However, most children with autism require specialized supports to experience success in these educational contexts. This article provides a review of the empirical research that has addressed procedures for promoting successful inclusion of students with autism. Strategies reviewed include antecedent manipulations, delayed contingencies, self-management, peer-mediated interventions, and other approaches that have been demonstrated in the literature to be useful. The article concludes with a discussion of future research needs.

  6. Research Articles in Simplified HTML: a Web-first format for HTML-based scholarly articles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvio Peroni

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Purpose This paper introduces the Research Articles in Simplified HTML (or RASH, which is a Web-first format for writing HTML-based scholarly papers; it is accompanied by the RASH Framework, a set of tools for interacting with RASH-based articles. The paper also presents an evaluation that involved authors and reviewers of RASH articles submitted to the SAVE-SD 2015 and SAVE-SD 2016 workshops. Design RASH has been developed aiming to: be easy to learn and use; share scholarly documents (and embedded semantic annotations through the Web; support its adoption within the existing publishing workflow. Findings The evaluation study confirmed that RASH is ready to be adopted in workshops, conferences, and journals and can be quickly learnt by researchers who are familiar with HTML. Research Limitations The evaluation study also highlighted some issues in the adoption of RASH, and in general of HTML formats, especially by less technically savvy users. Moreover, additional tools are needed, e.g., for enabling additional conversions from/to existing formats such as OpenXML. Practical Implications RASH (and its Framework is another step towards enabling the definition of formal representations of the meaning of the content of an article, facilitating its automatic discovery, enabling its linking to semantically related articles, providing access to data within the article in actionable form, and allowing integration of data between papers. Social Implications RASH addresses the intrinsic needs related to the various users of a scholarly article: researchers (focussing on its content, readers (experiencing new ways for browsing it, citizen scientists (reusing available data formally defined within it through semantic annotations, publishers (using the advantages of new technologies as envisioned by the Semantic Publishing movement. Value RASH helps authors to focus on the organisation of their texts, supports them in the task of semantically enriching the

  7. Patterns and Variation of Address Terms in Colloquial Indonesian

    Science.gov (United States)

    Djenar, Dwi Noverini

    2006-01-01

    Colloquial Indonesian has two pronouns for addressing friends of a similar age or younger persons, namely "kamu" and "elu" (or its variants, "lu," "elo," and "lo"). This article examines variation in the use of these terms by two pairs of teenagers involved in romantic relationships. Based on data from contemporary fictional narratives, it…

  8. A Breath of Fresh Air: Addressing Indoor Air Quality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palliser, Janna

    2011-01-01

    Indoor air pollution refers to "chemical, biological, and physical contamination of indoor air," which may result in adverse health effects (OECD 2003). The causes, sources, and types of indoor air pollutants will be addressed in this article, as well as health effects and how to reduce exposure. Learning more about potential pollutants in home…

  9. Maryland's Model Policy to Address Bullying, Harassment, or Intimidation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maryland State Department of Education, 2016

    2016-01-01

    In accordance with the provisions of Section 7-424.1 of the Education Article of the Annotated Code of Maryland, the Maryland State Board of Education has developed and adopted a Model Policy to address bullying, harassment, or intimidation. This report presents the Model Policy, which is organized into the following eight points: (1) Prohibition…

  10. Addressing the "Epidemic" of Overweight Children by Using the Internet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coleman, Mick; Wallinga, Charlotte; Bales, Diane

    2009-01-01

    The Internet can be of great assistance to early childhood teachers in planning educational activities for the classroom and with families. This article explores how early childhood teachers can use resources online to address what has been called an "epidemic" of overweight children. Guidelines for using online resources are presented. (Contains…

  11. Addressing the Need for Management Processes for Higher Education Accreditation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brennan, Linda L.; Austin, Walter W.

    2003-01-01

    The accreditation standards of the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business (AACSB International) ask business schools to describe consistent processes that provide for operational consistency and continuous improvement in support of the schools' stated missions. This article addresses the identification of requisite quality…

  12. How Rhetorical Theories of Genre Address Common Core Writing Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collin, Ross

    2013-01-01

    This article begins with a review of the forms of writing promoted in the Common Core State Standards. Across content areas, Common Core encourages teachers to attune students' writing to rhetorical concerns of audience, purpose, task, and disciplinary thinking. To address these concerns, teachers might take a rhetorical approach to the study…

  13. Secondary Data Analysis: An Important Tool for Addressing Developmental Questions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greenhoot, Andrea Follmer; Dowsett, Chantelle J.

    2012-01-01

    Existing data sets can be an efficient, powerful, and readily available resource for addressing questions about developmental science. Many of the available databases contain hundreds of variables of interest to developmental psychologists, track participants longitudinally, and have representative samples. In this article, the authors discuss the…

  14. Responsibility for radical change in addressing climate change

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bouvrie, des N.; Karlsson-Vinkhuyzen, S.I.S.E.; Jollands, N.

    2015-01-01

    To radically address the problem of climate change, it is not enough to modify specific attitudes and behaviors while upholding the present paradigms. This article aims to show why modifications will never bring about radical carbon emission reductions. We discuss what it implies to desire radical

  15. [The requirements of standard and conditions of interchangeability of medical articles].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Men'shikov, V V; Lukicheva, T I

    2013-11-01

    The article deals with possibility to apply specific approaches under evaluation of interchangeability of medical articles for laboratory analysis. The development of standardized analytical technologies of laboratory medicine and formulation of requirements of standards addressed to manufacturers of medical articles the clinically validated requirements are to be followed. These requirements include sensitivity and specificity of techniques, accuracy and precision of research results, stability of reagents' quality in particular conditions of their transportation and storage. The validity of requirements formulated in standards and addressed to manufacturers of medical articles can be proved using reference system, which includes master forms and standard samples, reference techniques and reference laboratories. This approach is supported by data of evaluation of testing systems for measurement of level of thyrotrophic hormone, thyroid hormones and glycated hemoglobin HB A1c. The versions of testing systems can be considered as interchangeable only in case of results corresponding to the results of reference technique and comparable with them. In case of absence of functioning reference system the possibilities of the Joined committee of traceability in laboratory medicine make it possible for manufacturers of reagent sets to apply the certified reference materials under development of manufacturing of sets for large listing of analytes.

  16. Radiation cured silicone rubber articles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    DuPont, J.G.; Goodwin, P.A.

    1984-01-01

    A process for making radiation cured silicone rubber articles is disclosed wherein a hydroxyl-terminated polysilaxane having a molecular weight from about 50,000 to about 2,000,000, optionally modified by mixing with up to 85% of an end-stopped silicone rubber, is mixed with from about 10 to about 70 parts per hundred of rubber of a finely divided silica filler with a particle size in the reinforcing range and other inert fillers as determined by desired final properties; the composition so prepared is formed into the desired shape at room temperature; the article so formed is precured to improve the mechanical properties of the material with which it is made by exposure to ammonia gas, ammonium hydroxide, or to the vapors or solutions of a volatile amine at room temperature; and the precured article is irradiated with high energy electrons or gamma radiation to effect a permanent cure of the material from which the article is formed

  17. Article choice in plural generics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Farkas, D.F.; Swart, Henriëtte de

    2007-01-01

    We discuss two groups of languages where article use contrasts in generic plural sentences but is otherwise essentially similar. The languages in the first group (English and Dutch) use bare plurals in the expression of kind reference (‘Dinosaurs are extinct’) and in generic

  18. BALLISTIC RESISTANT ARTICLES COMPRISING TAPES

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    VAN DER EEM, JORIS; HARINGS, JULES; JANSE, GERARDUS; TJADEN, HENDRIK

    2015-01-01

    The invention pertains to a ballistic-resistant moulded article comprising a compressed stack of sheets comprising reinforcing tapes having a tensile strength of at least 1.0 GPa, a tensile modulus of at least 40 GPa, and a tensile energy-to-break of at least 15 J/g, the direction of the tapes

  19. Societal Controversies in Wikipedia Articles

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Borra, E.; Weltevrede, E.; Ciuccarelli, P.; Kaltenbrunner, A.; Laniado, D.; Magni, G.; Mauri, M.; Rogers, R.; Venturini, T.

    2015-01-01

    Collaborative content creation inevitably reaches situations where different points of view lead to conflict. We focus on Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia anyone may edit, where disputes about content in controversial articles often reflect larger societal debates. While Wikipedia has a public edit

  20. Addressing Transgender Issues in Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavanagh, Marian

    2016-01-01

    As mainstream media focus more attention on transgender issues, and as anti-discrimination laws evolve, a shift is taking place on campuses. Many schools now include gender identity and expression in their inclusivity work and seek to establish policies and procedures to support transgender students and their families. It's not an easy task. In…

  1. Strategies to address low drug solubility in discovery and development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Hywel D; Trevaskis, Natalie L; Charman, Susan A; Shanker, Ravi M; Charman, William N; Pouton, Colin W; Porter, Christopher J H

    2013-01-01

    Drugs with low water solubility are predisposed to low and variable oral bioavailability and, therefore, to variability in clinical response. Despite significant efforts to "design in" acceptable developability properties (including aqueous solubility) during lead optimization, approximately 40% of currently marketed compounds and most current drug development candidates remain poorly water-soluble. The fact that so many drug candidates of this type are advanced into development and clinical assessment is testament to an increasingly sophisticated understanding of the approaches that can be taken to promote apparent solubility in the gastrointestinal tract and to support drug exposure after oral administration. Here we provide a detailed commentary on the major challenges to the progression of a poorly water-soluble lead or development candidate and review the approaches and strategies that can be taken to facilitate compound progression. In particular, we address the fundamental principles that underpin the use of strategies, including pH adjustment and salt-form selection, polymorphs, cocrystals, cosolvents, surfactants, cyclodextrins, particle size reduction, amorphous solid dispersions, and lipid-based formulations. In each case, the theoretical basis for utility is described along with a detailed review of recent advances in the field. The article provides an integrated and contemporary discussion of current approaches to solubility and dissolution enhancement but has been deliberately structured as a series of stand-alone sections to allow also directed access to a specific technology (e.g., solid dispersions, lipid-based formulations, or salt forms) where required.

  2. Addressing the Skills Gap in Saudi Arabia: Does Vocational Education Address the Needs of Private Sector Employers?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baqadir, Abdullah; Patrick, Fiona; Burns, George

    2011-01-01

    This article reports the findings of data drawn from doctoral research on the extent to which recent changes in vocational training have addressed a perceived skills gap between the needs of private sector employers and potential workers in Saudi Arabia. While the Saudi government has made efforts to enhance the quality of vocational education,…

  3. Towards a Sociolinguistically Responsive Pedagogy: Teaching Second-Person Address Forms in French

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Compernolle, Remi A.

    2010-01-01

    This article presents a sociolinguistically responsive model of pedagogy situated within existing sociocultural and communicative approaches to language learning and teaching. The specific focus of the discussion is on the French pronouns of address, "tu" and "vous". The article reviews previous research on second-person address in educational and…

  4. Realization and Addressing Analysis In Blockchain Bitcoin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sakti Arief Daulay, Raja; Michrandi Nasution, Surya; Paryasto, Marisa W.

    2017-11-01

    The implementation research and analyze address blockchain on this bitcoin will have the results that refers to making address bitcoin a safe and boost security of address the bitcoin. The working mechanism of blockchain in making address bitcoin which is already in the blockchain system.

  5. [How to write an article: formal aspects].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corral de la Calle, M A; Encinas de la Iglesia, J

    2013-06-01

    Scientific research and the publication of the results of the studies go hand in hand. Exquisite research methods can only be adequately reflected in formal publication with the optimum structure. To ensure the success of this process, it is necessary to follow orderly steps, including selecting the journal in which to publish and following the instructions to authors strictly as well as the guidelines elaborated by diverse societies of editors and other institutions. It is also necessary to structure the contents of the article in a logical and attractive way and to use an accurate, clear, and concise style of language. Although not all the authors are directly involved in the actual writing, elaborating a scientific article is a collective undertaking that does not finish until the article is published. This article provides practical advice about formal and not-so-formal details to take into account when writing a scientific article as well as references that will help readers find more information in greater detail. Copyright © 2012 SERAM. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  6. Article n_TOF : rectificatif

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    Une erreur s’est malencontreusement glissée dans la version française de la dernière édition du Bulletin papier. L’introduction (en gras) de l’article « Les neutrons sur la piste de décollage » était celle de l’article sur le Linac 4 paru dans l’édition précédente. Le paragraphe correct est le suivant : « Au repos depuis quatre ans, les neutrons volent à nouveau dans l’installation n_TOF (mesure du temps de vol des neutrons), qui vient d’être remise en service avec une nouvelle cible. » Veuillez nous excuser pour cette erreur.

  7. Uruguay; 2011 Article IV Consultation

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2011-01-01

    This 2011 Article IV Consultation highlights that the growth momentum in Uruguay has continued into 2011 but a slowdown is under way, led by weaker exports and slower public investment. Uruguay’s economic and financial vulnerabilities are modest, and the government has reduced debt vulnerabilities significantly and built important financial buffers. Executive Directors have commended authorities’ skillful macroeconomic management that has underpinned Uruguay’s excellent economic performance, ...

  8. articles: Describing migration spatial structure

    OpenAIRE

    Andrei Rogers; Frans Willekens; James Raymer; Jani Little

    2002-01-01

    The age structure of a population is a fundamental concept in demography and is generally depicted in the form of an age pyramid. The spatial structure of an interregional system of origin-destination-specific migration streams is, however, a notion lacking a widely accepted definition. We offer a definition in this article, one that draws on the log-linear specification of the geographer's spatial interaction model. We illustrate our definition with observed migration data, we discuss extens...

  9. Top 100 Cited articles on Radiation Exposure in Medical Imaging: A Bibliometric Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kinnin, Jason; Hanna, Tarek N; Jutras, Marc; Hasan, Babar; Bhatia, Rick; Khosa, Faisal

    2018-03-20

    Bibliometric analyses by highest number of citations can help researchers and funding agencies in determining the most influential articles in a field. The main objective of this analysis was to identify the top 100 cited articles addressing radiation exposure from medical imaging and assess their characteristics. Relevant articles were extracted from the Scopus database after a systematic search by researchers using an iteratively defined Boolean search string. Subsequently, exclusion criteria were applied. A list of top 100 articles was prepared, and articles were ranked according to the citations they had received. No time restriction was applied. Descriptive statistics of the data were compiled. The top-cited articles were published from 1970-2013, with the most articles published in 2009 and 2010 (12 articles in each year). The citations ranged from 107-1888 with a median of 272. Manuscripts from our top-cited list originated from 20 different countries, with contributions made by 158 authors and 160 organizations. Eighty-eight percent of studies evaluated patient-related radiation exposure, 7% health care workers, and 5% both or were not specified. Thirty-two percent of studies examined adult populations, 14% pediatric, and 54% included both populations or did not specify. Seventy-two percent of studies were dedicated to Computed Tomography, 8% to radiography/fluoroscopy, 9% to interventional procedures, 4% to nuclear medicine, and 7% to a combination of 2 or more modalities. The top 100 cited articles in medical imaging related to radiation exposure are diverse, originating from many countries with numerous contributing authors. The most common topics covered involve CT and adult patients. The recent peak in the most-highly cited articles (2010) suggests that increased attention has been devoted to this field in recent years. Based on these results, it would appear that research on radiation exposure in medical imaging is poised to continue expanding

  10. Underrepresented communities: including the Portuguese ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This research article emanates from a doctoral study which investigated the potential inclusion of the records generated by South African Portuguese community-based organisations into a workable archival collecting initiative of the community. The specific purpose of this article is to report on the current status of ...

  11. Negative Impact of Article 98 Sanctions in the Western Hemisphere

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Ruiz, Robert D

    2007-01-01

    ... (SAOs) have been established; countries not signing an Article 98 agreement are subject to security assistance sanctions, to include the loss of International Military Education and Training (IMET...

  12. 7 CFR 301.89-2 - Regulated articles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Regulated articles. 301.89-2 Section 301.89-2... SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES Karnal Bunt § 301.89-2 Regulated articles. The following are regulated articles: (a) Conveyances, including trucks, railroad cars, and other...

  13. 7 CFR 301.75-3 - Regulated articles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Regulated articles. 301.75-3 Section 301.75-3... Regulations § 301.75-3 Regulated articles. (a) Plants or plant parts, including fruit and seeds, or any of the..., article, or means of conveyance, of any character whatsoever, not covered by paragraph (a) of this section...

  14. 7 CFR 301.87-2 - Regulated articles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Regulated articles. 301.87-2 Section 301.87-2... Regulations § 301.87-2 Regulated articles. (a) Sugarcane plants, whole or in part, including true seed and...) Any other product, article, or means of conveyance, of any character whatsoever, not covered by...

  15. 27 CFR 46.204 - Articles in transit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Articles in transit. 46... Tubes Held for Sale on April 1, 2009 Inventories § 46.204 Articles in transit. The dealer must include articles subject to floor stocks tax that are in transit in the inventory if the dealer holds title to...

  16. Bibliometric trends of South African environmental health articles ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A total of 230 journal articles were included in the bibliometric analysis. The highest number of articles (n=54) was published in 2015. The majority of the first authors were affiliated with SA institutions (n=160, 69.5%). For the articles where funding was explicitly declared (n=148), the three most frequently occurring agencies ...

  17. Addressing data access challenges in seismology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trabant, C. M.; Ahern, T.; Weertman, B.; Benson, R. B.; Van Fossen, M.; Weekly, R. T.; Casey, R. E.; Suleiman, Y. Y.; Stults, M.

    2016-12-01

    The development of web services at the IRIS Data Management Center (DMC) over the last 6 years represents the most significant enhancement of data access ever introduced at the DMC. These web services have allowed the us to focus our internal operations around a single, consistent data access layer while facilitating development of a new generation of tools and methods for researchers to conduct their work. This effort led the DMC to propose standardized web service interfaces within the International Federation of Digital Seismograph Networks (FDSN), enabling other seismological data centers to offer data using compatible interfaces. With this new foundation, we now turn our attention to more advanced data access challenges. In particular, we will present the status of two developments intending to address 1) access to data of consistent quality for science and 2) discovery and access of data from multiple data centers. To address the challenge of requesting high or consistent quality data we will introduce our Research-Ready Data Sets (RRDS) initiative. The purpose of the RRDS project is to reduce the time a researcher spends culling and otherwise identifying data appropriate for given study. RRDS will provide users with additional criteria related to data quality that can be specified when requesting data. Leveraging the data quality measurements provided by our MUSTANG system, these criteria will include ambient noise, completeness, dead channel identification and more. To address the challenge of seismological data discovery and access, we have built and continue to improve the IRIS Federator. The Federator takes advantage of the FDSN-standard web services at various data centers to help a user locate specific channels, wherever they may be offered globally. The search interface provides results that are pre-formatted requests, ready for submission to each data center that serves that data. These two developments are aimed squarely at reducing the time

  18. Investing in human capital: an academic-service partnership to address the nursing shortage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Rebecca Culver; Allison-Jones, Lisa

    2011-01-01

    The well-documented shortage of nurses and the impact of educational preparation of nurses on patient care outcomes provide a compelling argument for the need to increase the number of registered nurses and to advance their educational preparation. This article describes the application of human capital theory in a creative venture between a health system and a school of nursing that has demonstrated success in addressing these issues. A tuition advancement program was developed to support interested personnel in attaining the associate degree in nursing and to support current RNs in attaining the baccalaureate degree. The venture included support for graduate preparation of nurses interested in becoming faculty.

  19. Processes for preparing novel baddeleyite refractory articles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McGarry, Ch.N.; Stunis, J.; Wehrenberg, Th.M.

    1984-07-24

    A novel process for fabricating novel high zirconia content refractory articles directly from novel sinterable compositions including as the major ingredient thereof baddeleyite ore concentrates thereby reducing costs. Appropriate additives, particularly zircon, further provide enhanced resistance to thermal shock damage. Plasticizers, binders and other processing aids are identified for press forming exemplary compositions into continuous casting nozzles, shrouds and other ceramic products typically used in the processing of molten steel, specialty metals and glass.

  20. Framework for building primary care capacity to address the social determinants of health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinto, Andrew D; Bloch, Gary

    2017-11-01

    Family physicians have long understood that social factors influence the health of individuals and communities; however, most primary care organizations have yet to develop the capacity to specifically address these social determinants of health (SDOH). To support SDOH interventions and foster an organizational culture in which addressing SDOH is considered part of high-quality primary care. An academic family health team in Toronto, Ont, established a committee comprising a diverse group of health professionals focused on the SDOH. The committee analyzes how social factors affect patients and supports the development and implementation of interventions. The committee's current interventions include the following: collecting and analyzing detailed sociodemographic data to identify health inequities; launching an income security health promotion service; establishing a medical-legal partnership; implementing a child literacy program in its clinics; and developing an advocacy and service program to improve access to decent work. Each intervention includes a rigorous evaluation plan to assess implementation and effect. Next steps include developing tools to enable organizations to "move upstream" and adopt a health equity approach to all work, including joining in advocacy. Primary care providers are well situated to address SDOH. This article provides a framework that can assist every large primary care organization in establishing a similar committee dedicated to SDOH, which could help build a network across Canada to share lessons learned and support joint advocacy. Copyright© the College of Family Physicians of Canada.