WorldWideScience

Sample records for identically-distributed spin states

  1. Spin squeezing in nonlinear spin coherent states

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Xiaoguang

    2001-01-01

    We introduce the nonlinear spin coherent state via its ladder operator formalism and propose a type of nonlinear spin coherent state by the nonlinear time evolution of spin coherent states. By a new version of spectroscopic squeezing criteria we study the spin squeezing in both the spin coherent state and nonlinear spin coherent state. The results show that the spin coherent state is not squeezed in the x, y, and z directions, and the nonlinear spin coherent state may be squeezed in the x and...

  2. Ground State Spin Logic

    CERN Document Server

    Whitfield, J D; Biamonte, J D

    2012-01-01

    Designing and optimizing cost functions and energy landscapes is a problem encountered in many fields of science and engineering. These landscapes and cost functions can be embedded and annealed in experimentally controllable spin Hamiltonians. Using an approach based on group theory and symmetries, we examine the embedding of Boolean logic gates into the ground state subspace of such spin systems. We describe parameterized families of diagonal Hamiltonians and symmetry operations which preserve the ground state subspace encoding the truth tables of Boolean formulas. The ground state embeddings of adder circuits are used to illustrate how gates are combined and simplified using symmetry. Our work is relevant for experimental demonstrations of ground state embeddings found in both classical optimization as well as adiabatic quantum optimization.

  3. Superadiabatic quantum state transfer in spin chains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agundez, R. R.; Hill, C. D.; Hollenberg, L. C. L.; Rogge, S.; Blaauboer, M.

    2017-01-01

    In this paper we propose a superadiabatic protocol where quantum state transfer can be achieved with arbitrarily high accuracy and minimal control across long spin chains with an odd number of spins. The quantum state transfer protocol only requires the control of the couplings between the qubits on the edge and the spin chain. We predict fidelities above 0.99 for an evolution of nanoseconds using typical spin-exchange coupling values of μ eV . Furthermore, by building a superadiabatic formalism on top of this protocol, we propose an effective superadiabatic protocol that retains the minimal control over the spin chain and further improves the fidelity.

  4. Spin-disordered superfluid state for spin-1 bosons with fractional spin and statistics

    OpenAIRE

    2002-01-01

    We study a strongly correlated spin-1 Bose gas in 2D space by using the projective construction. A spin-disordered superfluid state is constructed and proposed as a candidate competing with the conventional polar condensate when interaction is antiferromagnetic. This novel state has a non-trivial topological order whose low energy excitations carry fractional spin, charge, and statistics. The spin excitations become gapless only at the edge and are described by level-1 SU(2) Kac-Moody algebra...

  5. Squeezing in the Real and Imaginary Spin Coherent States

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YAN Dong; WANG Xiao-Guang; WU Ling-An

    2005-01-01

    @@ We study spin squeezing properties in the real and imaginary spin coherent states. We obtain analytical expressions of two spin squeezing parameters via a novel ladder operator formalism of the spin coherent state and the generation function method.

  6. High-Spin States in ~(86)Sr

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The previous works for high spins states of 86Sr were very scarce. In the past, the spin of highest level of 86Sr was 13 found by the reaction 84Kr(α, 2nγ)86Sr in 28 MeV. The current work updates the level scheme of 86Sr to get more information about high spin states in 86Sr.

  7. Entanglement in a Solid State Spin Ensemble

    CERN Document Server

    Simmons, Stephanie; Riemann, Helge; Abrosimov, Nikolai V; Becker, Peter; Pohl, Hans-Joachim; Thewalt, Mike L W; Itoh, Kohei M; Morton, John J L

    2010-01-01

    Entanglement is the quintessential quantum phenomenon and a necessary ingredient in most emerging quantum technologies, including quantum repeaters, quantum information processing (QIP) and the strongest forms of quantum cryptography. Spin ensembles, such as those in liquid state nuclear magnetic resonance, have been powerful in the development of quantum control methods, however, these demonstrations contained no entanglement and ultimately constitute classical simulations of quantum algorithms. Here we report the on-demand generation of entanglement between an ensemble of electron and nuclear spins in isotopically engineered phosphorus-doped silicon. We combined high field/low temperature electron spin resonance (3.4 T, 2.9 K) with hyperpolarisation of the 31P nuclear spin to obtain an initial state of sufficient purity to create a non-classical, inseparable state. The state was verified using density matrix tomography based on geometric phase gates, and had a fidelity of 98% compared with the ideal state a...

  8. Spin state switching in iron coordination compounds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Philipp Gütlich

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with coordination compounds of iron(II that may exhibit thermally induced spin transition, known as spin crossover, depending on the nature of the coordinating ligand sphere. Spin transition in such compounds also occurs under pressure and irradiation with light. The spin states involved have different magnetic and optical properties suitable for their detection and characterization. Spin crossover compounds, though known for more than eight decades, have become most attractive in recent years and are extensively studied by chemists and physicists. The switching properties make such materials potential candidates for practical applications in thermal and pressure sensors as well as optical devices.The article begins with a brief description of the principle of molecular spin state switching using simple concepts of ligand field theory. Conditions to be fulfilled in order to observe spin crossover will be explained and general remarks regarding the chemical nature that is important for the occurrence of spin crossover will be made. A subsequent section describes the molecular consequences of spin crossover and the variety of physical techniques usually applied for their characterization. The effects of light irradiation (LIESST and application of pressure are subjects of two separate sections. The major part of this account concentrates on selected spin crossover compounds of iron(II, with particular emphasis on the chemical and physical influences on the spin crossover behavior. The vast variety of compounds exhibiting this fascinating switching phenomenon encompasses mono-, oligo- and polynuclear iron(II complexes and cages, polymeric 1D, 2D and 3D systems, nanomaterials, and polyfunctional materials that combine spin crossover with another physical or chemical property.

  9. Spin-Polarized States of Nuclear Matter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZUO Wei; U. Lombardo; SHEN Cai-Wan

    2003-01-01

    The equations of state of spin-polarized nuclear matter and pure neutron matter are studied in theframework of the Brueckner-Hartree-Fock theory including a three-body force. The energy per nucleon E A (δ) calculatedin the full range of spin polarization δ = (ρ↑ - ρ↓)/ρ for symmetric nuclear matter and pure neutron matter fulfills aparabolic law. In both the cases the spin-symmetry energy is calculated as a function of the baryonic density alongwith the related quantities such as the magnetic susceptibility and the Landau parameter Go. The main effect of thethree-body force is to strongly reduce the degenerate Fermi gas magnetic susceptibility even more than the value withonly two-body force. The equation of state is monotonically increasing with the density for all spin-aligned configurationsstudied here so that no any signature is found for a spontaneous transition to a ferromagnetic state.

  10. Dissipative Quantum Metrology with Spin Cat States

    CERN Document Server

    Huang, Jiahao; Zhong, Honghua; Ke, Yongguan; Lee, Chaohong

    2014-01-01

    We present a robust high-precision phase estimation scheme via spin cat states in the presence of particle losses. The input Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger (GHZ) state, which may achieve the Heisenberg-limited measurement in the absence of particle losses, becomes fragile against particle losses and its achieved precision becomes even worse than the standard quantum limit (SQL). However, the input spin cat states, a kind of non-Gaussian entangled states in superposition of two spin coherent states, are of excellent robustness against particle losses and the achieved precision may still beat the SQL. For realistic measurements based upon our scheme, comparing with the population measurement, the parity measurement is more suitable for yielding higher precisions. In phase measurement with realistic dissipative systems of bosonic particles, our scheme provides a robust and realizable way to achieve high-precision measurements beyond the SQL.

  11. High Spin States in ^24Mg

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwartz, J.; Lister, C. J.; Wuosmaa, A.; Betts, R. R.; Blumenthal, D.; Carpenter, M. P.; Davids, C. N.; Fischer, S. M.; Hackman, G.; Janssens, R. V. F.

    1996-05-01

    The ^12C(^16O,α)^24Mg reaction was used at 51.5MeV to populate high angular momentum states in ^24Mg. Gamma-rays de-exciting high spin states were detected in a 20 detector spectrometer (the AYE-ball) triggered by the ANL Fragment Mass Analyser (FMA). Channel selection, through detection of ^24Mg nuclei with the appropriate time of flight, was excellent. All the known decays from high spin states were seen in a few hours, with the exception of the 5.04 MeV γ-decay of the J^π=9^- state at 16.904 MeV footnote A.E.Smith et al., Phys. Lett. \\underlineB176, (1986)292. which could not be confirmed. The potential of the technique for studying the radiative decay of states with very high spin in light nuclei will be discussed.

  12. Spin-state chemistry of deuterated ammonia

    CERN Document Server

    Sipilä, O; Caselli, P; Schlemmer, S

    2015-01-01

    Aims. We aim to develop a chemical model that contains a consistent description of spin-state chemistry in reactions involving chemical species with multiple deuterons. We apply the model to the specific case of deuterated ammonia, to derive values for the various spin-state ratios. Methods. We apply symmetry rules in the complete scrambling assumption to calculate branching ratio tables for reactions between chemical species that include multiple protons and/or deuterons. Reaction sets for both gas-phase and grain-surface chemistry are generated using an automated routine that forms all possible spin-state variants of any given reaction with up to six H/D atoms. Single-point and modified Bonnor-Ebert models are used to study the density and temperature dependence of ammonia and its isotopologs, and the associated spin-state ratios. Results. We find that the spin-state ratios of the ammonia isotopologs are, at late times, very different from their statistical values. The ratios are rather insensitive to varia...

  13. Communicating a direction using spin states

    CERN Document Server

    Bagán, E; Muñoz-Tàpia, R

    2001-01-01

    The communication of directions using quantum states is a useful laboratory test for some basic facts of quantum information. For a system of spin-1/2 particles there are different quantum states that can encode directions. This information can later be decoded by means of a generalized measurement. In this talk we present the optimal strategies under different assumptions.

  14. Spin and Resonant States in QCD

    CERN Document Server

    Kirchbach, M

    2003-01-01

    I make the case that the nucleon excitations do not exist as isolated higher spin states but are fully absorbed by (K/2,K/2)x [(1/2,0)+(0,1/2)] multiplets taking their origin from the rotational and vibrational excitations of an underlying quark--diquark string. The Delta(1232) spectrum presents itself as the exact replica (up to Delta (1600)) of the nucleon spectrum with the K- clusters being shifted upward by about 200 MeV. QCD inspired arguments support legitimacy of the quark-diquark string. The above K multiplets can be mapped (up to form-factors) onto Lorentz group representation spaces of the type \\psi_{\\mu_1...\\mu_K}, thus guaranteeing covariant description of resonant states. The quantum \\psi_{\\mu_1...\\mu_K} states are of multiple spins at rest, and of undetermined spins elsewhere.

  15. Topologically protected localised states in spin chains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Estarellas, Marta P.; D’Amico, Irene; Spiller, Timothy P.

    2017-02-01

    We consider spin chain families inspired by the Su, Schrieffer and Hegger (SSH) model. We demonstrate explicitly the topologically induced spatial localisation of quantum states in our systems. We present detailed investigations of the effects of random noise, showing that these topologically protected states are very robust against this type of perturbation. Systems with such topological robustness are clearly good candidates for quantum information tasks and we discuss some potential applications. Thus, we present interesting spin chain models which show promising applications for quantum devices.

  16. Generating quantum states through spin chain dynamics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kay, Alastair

    2017-04-01

    The spin chain is a theoretical work-horse of the physicist, providing a convenient, tractable model that yields insight into a host of physical phenomena including conduction, frustration, superconductivity, topological phases, localisation, phase transitions, quantum chaos and even string theory. Our ultimate aim, however, is not just to understand the properties of a physical system, but to harness it for our own ends. We therefore study the possibilities for engineering a special class of spin chain, envisaging the potential for this to feedback into the original physical systems. We pay particular attention to the generation of multipartite entangled states such as the W (Dicke) state, superposed over multiple sites of the chain.

  17. HIGH-SPIN STATES IN EU-148

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    JONGMAN, [No Value; BACELAR, JCS; BALANDA, A; NOORMAN, RF; STEENBERGEN, T; DEVOIGT, MJA; NYBERG, J; SLETTEN, G; DIONISIO, J; VIEU, C; LAGRANGE, JM; PAUTRAT, M; Urban, W

    1995-01-01

    High-spin states in the odd-odd nucleus Eu-148, populated by a carbon-13 induced reaction on a lanthanum target, were investigated with several different tools of in-beam nuclear spectroscopy. The low-energy levels show collective excitations, interpreted as 3- octupole-phonon couplings to multi-par

  18. High Spin States in 106Ag

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHULi-hua; HEChuang-ye; WUXiao-guang; WANGZhi-min; WENShu-xian; LIGuang-sheng; ZHANGZhen-long; CUIXing-zhu; MENGRui; MARui-gang; YANGChun-xiang; M.M.Ndontchueng

    2003-01-01

    Nuclei in A≈110 exhibit a variety of fascinating phenomena at high spin states, such as single particle v.s. collective excitation, shape coexistence and transition, magnetic rotation, and especially the chiral doublet bands which originally predicted by theoretical calculation and recently observed in experiment.

  19. High-spin states in 128I

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHENG Yun; ZHU Li-Hua; WU Xiao-Guang; LI Guang-Sheng; HAO Xin; WANG Lie-Lin; HE Chuang-Ye; LIU Ying; LI Xue-Qin; PAN Bo; WANG Lei; LI Zhong-Yu; DING Huai-Bo

    2009-01-01

    The high-spin states in 128I have been studied by using in-beam γ-ray spectroscopy with the 124Sn(7Li,3n)128I reaction at beam energies of 25, 28 and 42 MeV. A new level scheme including 20 new levels and 27 new γ-transitions for 128I has been established preliminarily.

  20. Entanglement of spin coherent mixed states

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mansour, Mostafa; Hassouni, Yassine

    2016-04-01

    In this paper, we quantify the amount of entanglement of bipartite mixed states represented by a statistical mixture of the more general type of two-qubit non-orthogonal states of the form: |ψi>=ui|χi>⊗|ηi>+vi|χi>⊗|ηi‧>+wi|χi‧>⊗|ηi>+zi|χi‧>⊗|ηi‧>, constructed by linearly independent spin coherent states. We use the concurrence as a measure of entanglement and we study its behavior in terms of the amplitudes of SU(2) coherent states.

  1. Spin-state chemistry of deuterated ammonia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sipilä, O.; Harju, J.; Caselli, P.; Schlemmer, S.

    2015-09-01

    Aims: We aim to develop a chemical model that contains a consistent description of spin-state chemistry in reactions involving chemical species with multiple deuterons. We apply the model to the specific case of deuterated ammonia, to derive values for the various spin-state ratios. Methods: We applied symmetry rules in the context of the complete scrambling assumption to calculate branching ratio tables for reactions between chemical species that include multiple protons and/or deuterons. New reaction sets for both gas-phase and grain-surface chemistry were generated using an automated routine that forms all possible spin-state variants of any given reaction with up to six H/D atoms, using the predetermined branching ratios. Both a single-point and a modified Bonnor-Ebert model were considered to study the density and temperature dependence of ammonia and its isotopologs, and the associated spin-state ratios. Results: We find that the spin-state ratios of the ammonia isotopologs are, at late times, very different from their statistical values. The ratios are rather insensitive to variations in the density, but present strong temperature dependence. We derive high peak values (~0.1) for the deuterium fraction in ammonia, in agreement with previous (gas-phase) models. The deuterium fractionation is strongest at high density, corresponding to a high degree of depletion, and also presents temperature dependence. We find that in the temperature range 5 K to 20 K, the deuterium fractionation peaks at ~15 K, while most of the ortho/para (and meta/para for ND3) ratios present a minimum at 10 K (ortho/para NH2D has instead a maximum at this temperature). Conclusions: Owing to the density and temperature dependence found in the abundances and spin-state ratios of ammonia and its isotopologs, it is evident that observations of ammonia and its deuterated forms can provide important constraints on the physical structure of molecular clouds. Appendix A is available in

  2. Excited-State Spectroscopy Using Single Spin Manipulation in Diamond

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fuchs, G.D.; Dobrovitski, V.V.; Hanson, R.; Batra, A.; Weis, C.D.; Schenkel, T.; Awschalom, D.D.

    2008-01-01

    We use single-spin resonant spectroscopy to study the spin structure in the orbital excited state of a diamond nitrogen-vacancy (N-V) center at room temperature. The data show that the excited-state spin levels have a zero-field splitting that is approximately half of the value of the ground state

  3. Strong Linear Dichroism in Spin-Polarized Photoemission from Spin-Orbit-Coupled Surface States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bentmann, H.; Maaß, H.; Krasovskii, E. E.; Peixoto, T. R. F.; Seibel, C.; Leandersson, M.; Balasubramanian, T.; Reinert, F.

    2017-09-01

    A comprehensive understanding of spin-polarized photoemission is crucial for accessing the electronic structure of spin-orbit coupled materials. Yet, the impact of the final state in the photoemission process on the photoelectron spin has been difficult to assess in these systems. We present experiments for the spin-orbit split states in a Bi-Ag surface alloy showing that the alteration of the final state with energy may cause a complete reversal of the photoelectron spin polarization. We explain the effect on the basis of ab initio one-step photoemission theory and describe how it originates from linear dichroism in the angular distribution of photoelectrons. Our analysis shows that the modulated photoelectron spin polarization reflects the intrinsic spin density of the surface state being sampled differently depending on the final state, and it indicates linear dichroism as a natural probe of spin-orbit coupling at surfaces.

  4. Multiferroic behavior at a spin state transition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zapf, Vivien; Chikara, Shalinee; Singleton, John; Lin, Shizeng; Batista, Cristian; Scott, Brian; Smythe, Nathan

    Traditionally, multiferroic behavior is studied in materials with coexisting long-range orders, such as ferromagnetism and ferroelectricity. Here we present multiferroic behavior at a spin-state transition (SST). SSTs, for example, the S = 1 to S = 2 transition in Mn3+ can become cooperative magneto-structural phase transitions due to structural coupling between ions. SSTs are accompanied by change in the orbital occupation and hence, strongly coupled to the lattice and charge degrees of freedom. They are a dominant functionality in metal-organic materials, persisting up to room temperature in some compounds. We demonstrate that a magnetic SST can induce ferroelectricity. We study a Mn-based metal-organic system in which a three-fold degenerate dynamic Jahn-Teller effect at high temperatures vanishes when the temperature is lowered, and the system drops into a lower spin state. Application of a magnetic field restores the high spin Jahn-Teller-active state and allows the Jahn Teller distortions to order cooperatively, creating a dielectric constant change and a net electric polarization. We use high magnetic fields at the NHMFL to study the magnetic and electric behavior of this system across a significant fraction of its T-H phase space, and compare to theoretical modeling.

  5. A coherent beam splitter for electronic spin states.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petta, J R; Lu, H; Gossard, A C

    2010-02-05

    Rapid coherent control of electron spin states is required for implementation of a spin-based quantum processor. We demonstrated coherent control of electronic spin states in a double quantum dot by sweeping an initially prepared spin-singlet state through a singlet-triplet anticrossing in the energy-level spectrum. The anticrossing serves as a beam splitter for the incoming spin-singlet state. When performed within the spin-dephasing time, consecutive crossings through the beam splitter result in coherent quantum oscillations between the singlet state and a triplet state. The all-electrical method for quantum control relies on electron-nuclear spin coupling and drives single-electron spin rotations on nanosecond time scales.

  6. High-spin and low-spin states in Invar and related alloys

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moruzzi, V. L.

    1990-04-01

    Total-energy band calculations that show the coexistence of a high-spin and low-spin state in fcc transition metals and alloys are presented. The energy difference between the two states is shown to be a function of the electron concentration and to vanish at 8.6. At larger electron concentrations the low-temperature state is the high-spin state, and the thermal expansion is shown to pause at a system-dependent characteristic temperature. At lower electron concentrations the low-temperature state is the low-spin state, and enhanced thermal expansion is expected. An analysis that leads to a qualitative understanding of the thermal properties of Invar and that implies a connection with martensitic transformations and spin glasses in related alloys is presented. For Invar a magnetic collapse from the high-spin to the low-spin state at a pressure of 55 kbar is predicted.

  7. Transition from spin accumulation into interface states to spin injection in silicon and germanium conduction bands

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jain, Abhinav; Rojas-Sanchez, Juan-Carlos; Cubukcu, Murat; Peiro, Julian; Le Breton, Jean-Christophe; Vergnaud, Céline; Augendre, Emmanuel; Vila, Laurent; Attané, Jean-Philippe; Gambarelli, Serge; Jaffrès, Henri; George, Jean-Marie; Jamet, Matthieu

    2013-04-01

    Electrical spin injection into semiconductors paves the way for exploring new phenomena in the area of spin physics and new generations of spintronic devices. However the exact role of interface states in the electrical spin injection mechanism from a magnetic tunnel junction into a semiconductor is still under debate. Here we demonstrate a clear transition from spin accumulation into interface states to spin injection in the conduction band of n-Si and n-Ge using a CoFeB/MgO tunnel contact. We observe spin signal amplification at low temperature due to spin accumulation into interface states followed by a clear transition towards spin injection in the conduction band from approximately 150 K up to room temperature. In this regime, the spin signal is reduced down to a value compatible with the standard spin diffusion model. More interestingly, in the case of germanium, we demonstrate a significant modulation of the spin signal by applying a back-gate voltage to the conduction channel. We also observe the inverse spin Hall effect in Ge by spin pumping from the CoFeB electrode. Both observations are consistent with spin accumulation in the Ge conduction band.

  8. High-spin states in 75Kr

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chishti, A. A.; Gelletly, W.; Lister, C. J.; Mcneill, J. H.; Varley, B. J.; Love, D. J. G.; Skeppstedt, O.

    1989-09-01

    Levels in the 75Kr nucleus were populated in the inverse 24Mg( 54Fe, 2pn) 75Kr reaction at beam energies of 177 and 190 MeV. In the reaction study at 177 MeV, the γ-rays were detected in coincidence with neutrons and mass-75 nuclei and in the reaction at 190 MeV only γγ-coincidence data were collected. Using the γγ-neutron gated γγ- and Recoil-γγ-coincidence techniques, we were able to develop the level scheme up to spins ( {37+}/{2}) and ( {31-}/{2}) in the positive- and negative-parity bands, respectively. These spins are high enough to allow us to study alignment effects in this mass region. The signature splitting at low spin can be reproduced in a cranked shell model calculation assuming a quadrupole deformation β2 = 0.37 and a slightly triaxial ( γ≈ -10°) shape for positive-parity states but an axial shape for the negative-parity sequence. The spin alignment as a function of rotational frequency has been studied; in the positive-parity band alignment is observed at a rotational frequency of h̵ω ≈ 0.63 MeV and in the negative-parity band the alignment occurs at h̵ω ≈ 0.57 MeV. The observed alignment in both bands is associated with a pair of g{9}/{2} protons, and the difference in the alignment frequencies is thought to be due to differing intrinsic shapes.

  9. Spin Squeezing and Entanglement of Many-Particle Spin-Half States

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YAN Dong; WANG Xiao-Guang; WU Ling-An

    2005-01-01

    @@ In many-particle spin-half systems with exchange symmetry, we find that the spin squeezing is related to two types of entanglement, the bipartite and the pairwise entanglement. A quantitative relationship is revealed for the spin squeezing parameter, the tangle, and the concurrence. We find that a class of states is spin squeezed if the pairwise entanglement is stronger than the bipartite entanglement.

  10. Dark state adiabatic passage with branched networks and high-spin systems: spin separation and entanglement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caitlin eBatey

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Adiabatic methods are potentially important for quantum information protocols because of their robustness against many sources of technical and fundamental noise. They are particularly useful for quantum transport, and in some cases elementary quantum gates. Here we explore the extension of a particular protocol, dark state adiabatic passage, where a spin state is transported across a branched network of initialised spins, comprising one `input' spin, and multiple leaf spins. We find that maximal entanglement is generated in systems of spin-half particles, or where the system is limited to one excitation.

  11. Spin-polarized spin-orbit-split quantum-well states in a metal film

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Varykhalov, Andrei; Sanchez-Barriga, Jaime; Gudat, Wolfgang; Eberhardt, Wolfgang; Rader, Oliver [BESSY Berlin (Germany); Shikin, Alexander M. [St. Petersburg State University (Russian Federation)

    2008-07-01

    Elements with high atomic number Z lead to a large spin-orbit coupling. Such materials can be used to create spin-polarized electronic states without the presence of a ferromagnet or an external magnetic field if the solid exhibits an inversion asymmetry. We create large spin-orbit splittings using a tungsten crystal as substrate and break the structural inversion symmetry through deposition of a gold quantum film. Using spin- and angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy, it is demonstrated that quantum-well states forming in the gold film are spin-orbit split and spin polarized up to a thickness of at least 10 atomic layers. This is a considerable progress as compared to the current literature which reports spin-orbit split states at metal surfaces which are either pure or covered by at most a monoatomic layer of adsorbates.

  12. Preparation of Nuclear Spin Singlet States using Spin-Lock Induced Crossing

    CERN Document Server

    DeVience, Stephen J; Rosen, Matthew S

    2013-01-01

    We introduce a broadly applicable technique to create nuclear spin singlet states in organic molecules and other many-atom systems. We employ a novel pulse sequence to produce a spin-lock induced crossing (SLIC) of the spin singlet and triplet energy levels, which enables triplet/singlet polarization transfer and singlet state preparation. We demonstrate the utility of the SLIC method by producing a long-lived nuclear spin singlet state on two strongly-coupled proton pairs in the tripeptide molecule phenylalanine-glycine-glycine dissolved in D2O, and by using SLIC to measure the J-couplings, chemical shift differences, and singlet lifetimes of the proton pairs. We show that SLIC is more efficient at creating nearly-equivalent nuclear spin singlet states than previous pulse sequence techniques, especially when triplet/singlet polarization transfer occurs on the same timescale as spin-lattice relaxation.

  13. Negative Correlations and Entanglement in Higher-Spin Dicke States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xiaoqian; Zhong, Wei; Wang, Xiaoguang

    2016-10-01

    We consider entanglement criteria based on the spin squeezing inequalities for arbitrary spin systems. Here we use the negative correlations to detect the entanglement in the system with exchange symmetry. For arbitrary spin systems, we can find that the state is entangled, when the minimal pairwise correlation is negative. Then we give a parameter which is defined by the collective angular momentum operator, to detect the entanglement for the Dicke state with N spin -1 particles, and the results are as the same as negative correlation. We also consider the directions of negative correlation, the state is entangled in two orthogonal directions for the superposition of Dicke state without parity.

  14. Coupling molecular spin states by photon-assisted tunneling

    CERN Document Server

    Schreiber, L R; Meunier, T; Calado, V; Danon, J; Taylor, J M; Wegscheider, W; Vandersypen, L M K

    2010-01-01

    Artificial molecules containing just one or two electrons provide a powerful platform for studies of orbital and spin quantum dynamics in nanoscale devices. A well-known example of these dynamics is tunneling of electrons between two coupled quantum dots triggered by microwave irradiation. So far, these tunneling processes have been treated as electric dipole-allowed spin-conserving events. Here we report that microwaves can also excite tunneling transitions between states with different spin. In this work, the dominant mechanism responsible for violation of spin conservation is the spin-orbit interaction. These transitions make it possible to perform detailed microwave spectroscopy of the molecular spin states of an artificial hydrogen molecule and open up the possibility of realizing full quantum control of a two spin system via microwave excitation.

  15. Multiple spin-state scenarios in organometallic reactivity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dzik, W.I.; Böhmer, W.; de Bruin, B.; Swart, M.; Costas, M.

    2016-01-01

    This chapter gives an overview of the different spin-state crossing scenarios affecting the reactivity of organometallic compounds. It focuses on the effects of crossing spin states in a number of elementary reactions typically observed for organometallic compounds, such as ligand exchange,

  16. Symmetric Telecloning and Entanglement Distribution of Spin Quantum States

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Qiong; LI Ji-Xin; ZANG Hao-Sheng

    2008-01-01

    @@ We propose a physical realization of symmetric telecloning machine for spin quantum states. The concept of area average fidelity is introduced to describe the telecloning quality. It is indicated that for certain input states this quantity may come to an enough high level to satisfy the need of quantum information processing. We also study the properties of entanglement distribution via the spin chain for arbitrary two-qubit entangled pure states as inputs and find that the decay ratio of entanglement for the output states is only determined by the parameters of spin chain and waiting time, independent of the initial input states.

  17. Entanglement and extreme spin squeezing of unpolarized states

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vitagliano, Giuseppe; Apellaniz, Iagoba; Kleinmann, Matthias; Lücke, Bernd; Klempt, Carsten; Tóth, Géza

    2017-01-01

    We present criteria to detect the depth of entanglement in macroscopic ensembles of spin-j particles using the variance and second moments of the collective spin components. The class of states detected goes beyond traditional spin-squeezed states by including Dicke states and other unpolarized states. The criteria derived are easy to evaluate numerically even for systems of very many particles and outperform past approaches, especially in practical situations where noise is present. We also derive analytic lower bounds based on the linearization of our criteria, which make it possible to define spin-squeezing parameters for Dicke states. In addition, we obtain spin squeezing parameters also from the condition derived in (Sørensen and Mølmer 2001 Phys. Rev. Lett. 86 4431). We also extend our results to systems with fluctuating number of particles.

  18. Classical ground states of symmetric Heisenberg spin systems

    CERN Document Server

    Schmidt, H J

    2003-01-01

    We investigate the ground states of classical Heisenberg spin systems which have point group symmetry. Examples are the regular polygons (spin rings) and the seven quasi-regular polyhedra including the five Platonic solids. For these examples, ground states with special properties, e.g. coplanarity or symmetry, can be completely enumerated using group-theoretical methods. For systems having coplanar (anti-) ground states with vanishing total spin we also calculate the smallest and largest energies of all states having a given total spin S. We find that these extremal energies depend quadratically on S and prove that, under certain assumptions, this happens only for systems with coplanar S = 0 ground states. For general systems the corresponding parabolas represent lower and upper bounds for the energy values. This provides strong support and clarifies the conditions for the so-called rotational band structure hypothesis which has been numerically established for many quantum spin systems.

  19. Spin-dependent quantum interference in photoemission process from spin-orbit coupled states

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yaji, Koichiro; Kuroda, Kenta; Toyohisa, Sogen; Harasawa, Ayumi; Ishida, Yukiaki; Watanabe, Shuntaro; Chen, Chuangtian; Kobayashi, Katsuyoshi; Komori, Fumio; Shin, Shik

    2017-01-01

    Spin–orbit interaction entangles the orbitals with the different spins. The spin–orbital-entangled states were discovered in surface states of topological insulators. However, the spin–orbital-entanglement is not specialized in the topological surface states. Here, we show the spin–orbital texture in a surface state of Bi(111) by laser-based spin- and angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy (laser-SARPES) and describe three-dimensional spin-rotation effect in photoemission resulting from spin-dependent quantum interference. Our model reveals that, in the spin–orbit-coupled systems, the spins pointing to the mutually opposite directions are independently locked to the orbital symmetries. Furthermore, direct detection of coherent spin phenomena by laser-SARPES enables us to clarify the phase of the dipole transition matrix element responsible for the spin direction in photoexcited states. These results permit the tuning of the spin polarization of optically excited electrons in solids with strong spin–orbit interaction. PMID:28232721

  20. Quantum evolution from spin-gap to AF state in a low-dimensional spin system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gnezdilov, Vladimir [ILTP, Kharkov (Ukraine); Lemmens, Peter; Wulferding, Dirk [IPKM, TU-BS, Braunschweig (Germany); Kremer, Reinhard [MPI-FKF, Stuttgart (Germany); Broholm, Collin [DPA, Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore (United States); Berger, Helmuth [EPFL Lausanne (Switzerland)

    2010-07-01

    The low-dimensional spin systems {alpha}- and {beta}-TeVO{sub 4} share the same monoclinic crystal symmetry while having a different connectivity of VO{sub 4} octahedra and long range order vs. a quantum disordered ground state, respectively. We report a rich magnetic Raman spectrum and phonon anomalies that evidence strong spin-lattice coupling in both systems.

  1. The multi-state CASPT2 spin-orbit method

    CERN Document Server

    Barandiaran, Zoila

    2010-01-01

    We propose the multi-state complete-active-space second-order perturbation theory spin-orbit method (MS-CASPT2-SO) for electronic structure calculations. It is a two-step spin-orbit coupling method that does not make use of energy shifts and that intrinsically guarantees the correct characters of the small space wave functions that are used to calculate the spin-orbit couplings, in contrast with previous two-step methods.

  2. Spin helical states and spin transport of the line defect in silicene lattice

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yang, Mou; Chen, Dong-Hai; Wang, Rui-Qiang [Laboratory of Quantum Engineering and Quantum Materials, School of Physics and Telecommunication Engineering, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510006 (China); Bai, Yan-Kui, E-mail: ykbai@semi.ac.cn [College of Physical Science and Information Engineering and Hebei Advance Thin Films Laboratory, Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang, Hebei 050024 (China)

    2015-02-06

    We investigated the electronic structure of a silicene-like lattice with a line defect under the consideration of spin–orbit coupling. In the bulk energy gap, there are defect related bands corresponding to spin helical states localized beside the defect line: spin-up electrons flow forward on one side near the line defect and move backward on the other side, and vice versa for spin-down electrons. When the system is subjected to random distribution of spin-flipping scatterers, electrons suffer much less spin-flipped scattering when they transport along the line defect than in the bulk. An electric gate above the line defect can tune the spin-flipped transmission, which makes the line defect as a spin-controllable waveguide. - Highlights: • Band structure of silicene with a line defect. • Spin helical states around the line defect and their probability distribution features. • Spin transport along the line defect and that in the bulk silicene.

  3. Direct mapping of spin and orbital entangled wave functions under interband spin-orbit coupling of giant Rashba spin-split surface states

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noguchi, Ryo; Kuroda, Kenta; Yaji, K.; Kobayashi, K.; Sakano, M.; Harasawa, A.; Kondo, Takeshi; Komori, F.; Shin, S.

    2017-01-01

    We use spin- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (SARPES) combined with a polarization-variable laser and investigate the spin-orbit coupling effect under interband hybridization of Rashba spin-split states for the surface alloys Bi/Ag(111) and Bi/Cu(111). In addition to the conventional band mapping of photoemission for Rashba spin splitting, the different orbital and spin parts of the surface wave function are directly imaged into energy-momentum space. It is unambiguously revealed that the interband spin-orbit coupling modifies the spin and orbital character of the Rashba surface states leading to the enriched spin-orbital entanglement and the pronounced momentum dependence of the spin polarization. The hybridization thus strongly deviates the spin and orbital characters from the standard Rashba model. The complex spin texture under interband spin-orbit hybridization proposed by first-principles calculation is experimentally unraveled by SARPES with a combination of p - and s -polarized light.

  4. Foucault's pendulum, a classical analog for the electron spin state

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linck, Rebecca A.

    Spin has long been regarded as a fundamentally quantum phenomena that is incapable of being described classically. To bridge the gap and show that aspects of spin's quantum nature can be described classically, this work uses a classical Lagrangian based on the coupled oscillations of Foucault's pendulum as an analog for the electron spin state in an external magnetic field. With this analog it is possible to demonstrate that Foucault's pendulum not only serves as a basis for explaining geometric phase, but is also a basis for reproducing a broad range of behavior from Zeeman-like frequency splitting to precession of the spin state. By demonstrating that unmeasured electron spin states can be fully described in classical terms, this research opens the door to using the tools of classical physics to examine an inherently quantum phenomenon.

  5. High-spin states populated in deep-inelastic reactions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mohammadi, S. [University of Surrey, Guildford (United Kingdom). Dept. of Physics; University of Payam-Noor (Iran, Islamic Republic of). Dept. of Physics; Podolyak, Zs.; Gelletly, W.; Longdown, S.; Regan, P.H.; Valiente Dobon, J.-J.; Walker, P.M. [University of Surrey, Guildford (United Kingdom). Dept. of Physics; Angelis, G. de; Axiotis, M.; Farnea, E.; Gadea, A.; Kroell, Th.; Marginean, N.; Zhang, Y.H.; Martinez, T. [Istituto Nazionali di Fisica Nucleare, Legnaro (Italy). Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro; Bazzacco, D.; Brandolini, F.; Lunardi, S.; Ur, C.A. [Istituto Nazionali di Fisica Nucleare, Padova (Italy). Dipt. di Fisica; Bizzeti, P.G. [Istituto Nazionali di Fisica Nucleare, Firenze (Italy). Dipt. di Fisica; Broda, R. [Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics, Krakow (Poland); Bucurescu, D.; Ionescu-Bujor, M.; Iordachescu, A. [Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Bucharest (Romania); Medina, N.H. [Sao Paulo Univ., SP (Brazil). Inst. de Fisica. Lab. Pelletron; Quintana, B. [University of Salamanca (Spain); Rubio, B. [Instituto di Fisica Corpuscular, Valencia (Spain)

    2004-09-15

    High spin states in the neutron rich {sup 188}Os and {sup 190}Os nuclei have been populated using the {sup 82}Se + {sup 192}Os deep-inelastic reaction. The level schemes are extended up to spin I {approx_equal}21. The observed new structures are tentatively interpreted as fragments of rotational bands built on multi-quasiparticle configurations. (author)

  6. Electronic spin state of iron in lower mantle perovskite.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jie; Struzhkin, Viktor V; Mao, Ho-Kwang; Shu, Jinfu; Hemley, Russell J; Fei, Yingwei; Mysen, Bjorn; Dera, Przemek; Prakapenka, Vitali; Shen, Guoyin

    2004-09-28

    The electronic spin state of iron in lower mantle perovskite is one of the fundamental parameters that governs the physics and chemistry of the most voluminous and massive shell in the Earth. We present experimental evidence for spin-pairing transition in aluminum-bearing silicate perovskite (Mg,Fe)(Si,Al)O(3) under the lower mantle pressures. Our results demonstrate that as pressure increases, iron in perovskite transforms gradually from the initial high-spin state toward the final low-spin state. At 100 GPa, both aluminum-free and aluminum-bearing samples exhibit a mixed spin state. The residual magnetic moment in the aluminum-bearing perovskite is significantly higher than that in its aluminum-free counterpart. The observed spin evolution with pressure can be explained by the presence of multiple iron species and the occurrence of partial spin-paring transitions in the perovskite. Pressure-induced spin-pairing transitions in the perovskite would have important bearing on the magnetic, thermoelastic, and transport properties of the lower mantle, and on the distribution of iron in the Earth's interior.

  7. Liquid-state nuclear spin comagnetometers

    CERN Document Server

    Ledbetter, Micah; Budker, Dmitry; Romalis, Michael; Blanchard, John; Pines, Alex

    2012-01-01

    We discuss nuclear spin comagnetometers based on ultra-low-field nuclear magnetic resonance in mixtures of miscible solvents, each rich in a different nuclear spin. In one version thereof, Larmor precession of protons and ${\\rm ^{19}F}$ nuclei in a mixture of thermally polarized pentane and hexafluorobenzene is monitored via a sensitive alkali-vapor magnetometer. We realize transverse relaxation times in excess of 20 s and suppression of magnetic field fluctuations by a factor of 3400. We estimate it should be possible to achieve single-shot sensitivity of about $5\\times{\\rm 10^{-9} Hz}$, or about $5\\times 10^{-11} {\\rm Hz}$ in $\\approx 1$ day of integration. In a second version, spin precession of protons and ${\\rm ^{129}Xe}$ nuclei in a mixture of pentane and hyperpolarized liquid xenon is monitored using superconducting quantum interference devices. Application to spin-gravity experiments, electric dipole moment experiments, and sensitive gyroscopes are discussed.

  8. Foucault's Pendulum, Analog for an Electron Spin State

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linck, Rebecca

    2012-11-01

    The classical Lagrangian that describes the coupled oscillations of Foucault's pendulum presents an interesting analog to an electron's spin state in an external magnetic field. With a simple modification, this classical Lagrangian yields equations of motion that directly map onto the Schrodinger-Pauli Equation. This analog goes well beyond the geometric phase, reproducing a broad range of behavior from Zeeman-like frequency splitting to precession of the spin state. By demonstrating that unmeasured spin states can be fully described in classical terms, this research opens the door to using the tools of classical physics to examine an inherently quantum phenomenon.

  9. Communication of Spin Directions with Product States and Finite Measurements

    CERN Document Server

    Bagán, E; Muñoz-Tàpia, R

    2001-01-01

    Eigenstates of the total spin can be used to intrinsically encode a direction, which can later be decoded by means of a quantum measurement. We study the optimal strategy that can be adopted if only product states of N-spins are available; these states are likely to be the only ones that play a role in practical applications. We find that the best states are those with minimal eigenvalue, i.e., with completely antiparallel spins. We also give a prescription for constructing finite measurements for general encoding eigenstates.

  10. Quantum information storage and state transfer based on spin systems

    CERN Document Server

    Song, Z

    2004-01-01

    The idea of quantum state storage is generalized to describe the coherent transfer of quantum information through a coherent data bus. In this universal framework, we comprehensively review our recent systematical investigations to explore the possibility of implementing the physical processes of quantum information storage and state transfer by using quantum spin systems, which may be an isotropic antiferromagnetic spin ladder system or a ferromagnetic Heisenberg spin chain. Our studies emphasize the physical mechanisms and the fundamental problems behind the various protocols for the storage and transfer of quantum information in solid state systems.

  11. Metastable states of a spin glass chain at 0 temperature

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Derrida, B.; Gardner, E.

    1986-06-01

    We consider an Ising spin glass chain at 0 temperature. The moments of the total number of metastable states and the typical number of metastable states at a given magnetization are calculated. We find that for all magnetizations less than or equal to msub(max)=0.446042... there is an exponentially large number of metastable states. For magnetizations larger than msub(max), there are no metastable states. The remanent magnetization msub(rem) is known to be 1/3 for single spin flip dynamics when one starts at time t = 0 with all the spins aligned. This shows that the remanent magnetization is not given by the metastable states of maximum magnetization. Our results are valid for a spin glass chain with an arbitrary symmetric and continuous distribution of nearest neighbour interactions.

  12. Observation of Andreev bound states at spin-active interfaces

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Beckmann, Detlef; Wolf, Michael Johannes [KIT, Institut fuer Nanotechnologie (Germany); Huebler, Florian [KIT, Institut fuer Nanotechnologie (Germany); KIT, Institut fuer Festkoerperphysik (Germany); Loehneysen, Hilbert von [KIT, Institut fuer Festkoerperphysik (Germany); KIT, Physikalisches Institut (Germany)

    2013-07-01

    We report on high-resolution differential conductance experiments on nanoscale superconductor/ferromagnet tunnel junctions with ultra-thin oxide tunnel barriers. We observe subgap conductance features which are symmetric with respect to bias, and shift according to the Zeeman energy with an applied magnetic field. These features can be explained by resonant transport via Andreev bound states induced by spin-active scattering at the interface. From the energy and the Zeeman shift of the bound states, both the magnitude and sign of the spin-dependent interfacial phase shifts between spin-up and spin-down electrons can be determined. These results contribute to the microscopic insight into the triplet proximity effect at spin-active interfaces.

  13. An Ising spin state explanation for financial asset allocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horvath, Philip A.; Roos, Kelly R.; Sinha, Amit

    2016-03-01

    We build on the developments in the application of statistical mechanics, notably the identity of the spin degree of freedom in the Ising model, to explain asset price dynamics in financial markets with a representative agent. Specifically, we consider the value of an individual spin to represent the proportional holdings in various assets. We use partial moment arguments to identify asymmetric reactions to information and develop an extension of a plunging and dumping model. This unique identification of the spin is a relaxation of the conventional discrete state limitation on an Ising spin to accommodate a new archetype in Ising model-finance applications wherein spin states may take on continuous values, and may evolve in time continuously, or discretely, depending on the values of the partial moments.

  14. Do Spin State and Spin Density Affect Hydrogen Atom Transfer Reactivity?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saouma, Caroline T; Mayer, James M

    2014-01-01

    The prevalence of hydrogen atom transfer (HAT) reactions in chemical and biological systems has prompted much interest in establishing and understanding the underlying factors that enable this reactivity. Arguments have been advanced that the electronic spin state of the abstractor and/or the spin-density at the abstracting atom are critical for HAT reactivity. This is consistent with the intuition derived from introductory organic chemistry courses. Herein we present an alternative view on the role of spin state and spin-density in HAT reactions. After a brief introduction, the second section introduces a new and simple fundamental kinetic analysis, which shows that unpaired spin cannot be the dominant effect. The third section examines published computational studies of HAT reactions, which indicates that the spin state affects these reactions indirectly, primarily via changes in driving force. The essay concludes with a broader view of HAT reactivity, including indirect effects of spin and other properties on reactivity. It is suggested that some of the controversy in this area may arise from the diversity of HAT reactions and their overlap with proton-coupled electron transfer (PCET) reactions.

  15. Probing photoinduced spin states in spin-crossover molecules with neutron scattering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ridier, K.; Craig, G. A.; Damay, F.; Fennell, T.; Murrie, M.; Chaboussant, G.

    2017-03-01

    We report a neutron-scattering investigation of the spin-crossover compound [Fe (ptz) 6] (BF4)2 , which undergoes an abrupt thermal spin transition from high spin (HS), S =2 , to low spin (LS), S =0 , around 135 K. The HS magnetic state can be restored at low temperature under blue/green light irradiation. We have developed a specially designed optical setup for neutron scattering to address the magnetic properties of the light-induced HS state. By using neutron diffraction, we demonstrate that significant HS/LS ratios (of up to 60%) can be obtained with this experimental setup on a sample volume considered large (400 mg), while a complete recovery of the LS state is achieved using near-infrared light. Finally, with inelastic neutron scattering (INS) we have observed magnetic transitions arising from the photo-induced metastable HS S =2 state split by crystal-field and spin-orbit coupling. We interpret the INS data assuming a spin-only model with a zero-field splitting of the S =2 ground state. The obtained parameters are D ≈-1.28 ±0.03 meV and |E |≈0.08 ±0.03 meV. The present results show that in situ magnetic inelastic neutron-scattering investigations on a broad range of photomagnetic materials are now possible.

  16. High-spin states in the {sup 97}Tc nucleus

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bucurescu, D.; Cata-Danil, G.; Cata-Danil, I.; Ivascu, M.; Marginean, N.; Rusu, C.; Stroe, L.; Ur, C.A. [National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering, P.O. Box MG-6, Bucharest 76900 (Romania); Gadea, A. [INFN, Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro, Legnaro (Italy)

    2003-04-01

    High-spin states in the {sup 97}Tc nucleus have been studied by in-beam {gamma}-ray spectroscopy with the reaction {sup 82}Se({sup 19}F,4n{gamma}) at 68 MeV incident energy. Excited states have been observed up to about 8 MeV excitation and spin 43/2{Dirac_h}. The observed level scheme is compared with results of shell model calculations. (orig.)

  17. Dimensional control of cobalt spin state in oxide superlattices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeong, Da Woon; Choi, W. S.; Okamoto, S.; Sohn, C. H.; Park, H. J.; Kim, J.-Y.; Lee, H. N.; Kim, K. W.; Moon, S. J.; Noh, T. W.

    2013-03-01

    Perovskite cobalt oxide is a very intriguing system with various spin states owing to the delicate balance between crystal field splitting and Hund exchange energy. In this talk, we show that its spin state can be altered through dimensional control, enabled by digital synthesis of perovskite cobalt oxide superlattices. We employed a few unit cells of LaCoO3 as an active magnetic layer, separated by LaAlO3 spacer layer. High quality [(LaCoO3) n (LaAlO3) n ]8 (n = 2, 6, and 10) superlattices were fabricated using pulsed laser epitaxy. Spectroscopic tools including x-ray absorption spectroscopy and optical spectroscopy revealed clear evolution of the electronic structure and resultant spin state by changing dimensionality. Specifically, the spin state changed from a high to a low spin state with a larger optical band gap, as the dimension reduced from 3D to 2D. Dynamic mean field calculation supported the critical role of dimensionality on the spin state and electronic structure of LaCoO3.

  18. Tuning Electron Spin States in Quantum Dots by Spin-Orbit Interactions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Yu; CHENG Fang

    2011-01-01

    @@ We theoretically investigate the influence of both Rashba spin-orbit interaction (RSOI) and Dresselhaus spin- orbit interaction (DSOI) on electron spin states, electron distribution and the optical absorption of a quantum dot.Our theoretical results show that the interplay between RSOI and DSOI results in an effective periodic potential, which consequently breaks the rotational symmetry and makes the quantum dot behave like two laterally coupled quantum dots.In the presence of RSOI and/or DSOI the spin is no longer a conserved quantity and its magnitude can be tuned by changing the strength of RSOI and/or DSOI.By reversing the direction of the perpendicular electric field, we can rotate the spatial distribution.This property provides us with a new way to control quantum states in a quantum dot by electrical means.

  19. Quantum metrology with spin cat states under dissipation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Jiahao; Qin, Xizhou; Zhong, Honghua; Ke, Yongguan; Lee, Chaohong

    2015-12-09

    Quantum metrology aims to yield higher measurement precisions via quantum techniques such as entanglement. It is of great importance for both fundamental sciences and practical technologies, from testing equivalence principle to designing high-precision atomic clocks. However, due to environment effects, highly entangled states become fragile and the achieved precisions may even be worse than the standard quantum limit (SQL). Here we present a high-precision measurement scheme via spin cat states (a kind of non-Gaussian entangled states in superposition of two quasi-orthogonal spin coherent states) under dissipation. In comparison to maximally entangled states, spin cat states with modest entanglement are more robust against losses and their achievable precisions may still beat the SQL. Even if the detector is imperfect, the achieved precisions of the parity measurement are higher than the ones of the population measurement. Our scheme provides a realizable way to achieve high-precision measurements via dissipative quantum systems of Bose atoms.

  20. The ground state in a spin-one color superconductor

    CERN Document Server

    Schmitt, A

    2004-01-01

    Color superconductors in which quarks of the same flavor form Cooper pairs are investigated. These Cooper pairs carry total spin one. A systematic group-theoretical classification of possible phases in a spin-one color superconductor is presented, revealing parallels and differences to the theory of superfluid $^3$He. General expressions for the gap parameter, the critical temperature, and the pressure are derived and evaluated for several spin-one phases, with special emphasis on the angular structure of the gap equation. It is shown that, in a spin-one color superconductor, the (transverse) A phase is expected to be the ground state. This is in contrast to $^3$He, where the ground state is in the B phase.

  1. High-spin states in the {sup 96}Tc nucleus

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bucurescu, D.; Cata-Danil, G.; Cata-Danil, I.; Ivascu, M.; Marginean, N.; Rusu, C.; Stroe, L.; Ur, C.A. [National Inst. of Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Bucharest (Romania); Gizon, A.; Gizon, J. [Inst. des Sciences Nucleaires, IN2P3-CNRS/UPJ, Grenoble (France); Nyako, B.; Timar, J.; Zolnai, L. [Inst. of Nuclear Research, Debrecen (Hungary); Boston, A.J.; Joss, D.T.; Paul, E.S.; Semple, A.T. [Oliver Lodge Lab., Liverpool Univ. (United Kingdom); Parry, C.M. [Dept. of Physics, York Univ., Heslington, York (United Kingdom)

    2001-03-01

    High-spin states in the {sup 96}Tc nucleus have been studied with the reactions {sup 82}Se({sup 19}F,5n{gamma}) at 68 MeV and Zn({sup 36}S,{alpha}pxn) at 130 MeV. Two {gamma}-ray cascades (irregular bandlike structures) have been observed up to an excitation energy of about 10 MeV and spin 21-22{Dirac_h}. (orig.)

  2. Entanglement in a solid-state spin ensemble.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simmons, Stephanie; Brown, Richard M; Riemann, Helge; Abrosimov, Nikolai V; Becker, Peter; Pohl, Hans-Joachim; Thewalt, Mike L W; Itoh, Kohei M; Morton, John J L

    2011-02-03

    Entanglement is the quintessential quantum phenomenon. It is a necessary ingredient in most emerging quantum technologies, including quantum repeaters, quantum information processing and the strongest forms of quantum cryptography. Spin ensembles, such as those used in liquid-state nuclear magnetic resonance, have been important for the development of quantum control methods. However, these demonstrations contain no entanglement and ultimately constitute classical simulations of quantum algorithms. Here we report the on-demand generation of entanglement between an ensemble of electron and nuclear spins in isotopically engineered, phosphorus-doped silicon. We combined high-field (3.4 T), low-temperature (2.9 K) electron spin resonance with hyperpolarization of the (31)P nuclear spin to obtain an initial state of sufficient purity to create a non-classical, inseparable state. The state was verified using density matrix tomography based on geometric phase gates, and had a fidelity of 98% relative to the ideal state at this field and temperature. The entanglement operation was performed simultaneously, with high fidelity, on 10(10) spin pairs; this fulfils one of the essential requirements for a silicon-based quantum information processor.

  3. Spin Topological Field Theory and Fermionic Matrix Product States

    CERN Document Server

    Kapustin, Anton; You, Minyoung

    2016-01-01

    We study state-sum constructions of G-equivariant spin-TQFTs and their relationship to Matrix Product States. We show that in the Neveu-Schwarz, Ramond, and twisted sectors, the states of the theory are generalized Matrix Product States. We apply our results to revisit the classification of fermionic Short-Range-Entangled phases with a unitary symmetry G. Interesting subtleties appear when the total symmetry group is a nontrivial extension of G by fermion parity.

  4. Determining titan's spin state from cassini radar images

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stiles, B.W.; Kirk, R.L.; Lorenz, R.D.; Hensley, S.; Lee, E.; Ostro, S.J.; Allison, M.D.; Callahan, P.S.; Gim, Y.; Iess, L.; Del Marmo, P.P.; Hamilton, G.; Johnson, W.T.K.; West, R.D.

    2008-01-01

    For some 19 areas of Titan's surface, the Cassini RADAR instrument has obtained synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images during two different flybys. The time interval between flybys varies from several weeks to two years. We have used the apparent misregistration (by 10-30 km) of features between separate flybys to construct a refined model of Titan's spin state, estimating six parameters: north pole right ascension and declination, spin rate, and these quantities' first time derivatives We determine a pole location with right ascension of 39.48 degrees and declination of 83.43 degrees corresponding to a 0.3 degree obliquity. We determine the spin rate to be 22.5781 deg day -1 or 0.001 deg day-1 faster than the synchronous spin rate. Our estimated corrections to the pole and spin rate exceed their corresponding standard errors by factors of 80 and 8, respectively. We also found that the rate of change in the pole right ascension is -30 deg century-1, ten times faster than right ascension rate of change for the orbit normal. The spin rate is increasing at a rate of 0.05 deg day -1 per century. We observed no significant change in pole declination over the period for which we have data. Applying our pole correction reduces the feature misregistration from tens of km to 3 km. Applying the spin rate and derivative corrections further reduces the misregistration to 1.2 km. ?? 2008. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

  5. Striped spin liquid crystal ground state instability of kagome antiferromagnets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Bryan K; Kinder, Jesse M; Neuscamman, Eric; Chan, Garnet Kin-Lic; Lawler, Michael J

    2013-11-01

    The Dirac spin liquid ground state of the spin 1/2 Heisenberg kagome antiferromagnet has potential instabilities. This has been suggested as the reason why it does not emerge as the ground state in large-scale numerical calculations. However, previous attempts to observe these instabilities have failed. We report on the discovery of a projected BCS state with lower energy than the projected Dirac spin liquid state which provides new insight into the stability of the ground state of the kagome antiferromagnet. The new state has three remarkable features. First, it breaks spatial symmetry in an unusual way that may leave spinons deconfined along one direction. Second, it breaks the U(1) gauge symmetry down to Z(2). Third, it has the spatial symmetry of a previously proposed "monopole" suggesting that it is an instability of the Dirac spin liquid. The state described herein also shares a remarkable similarity to the distortion of the kagome lattice observed at low Zn concentrations in Zn-paratacamite and in recently grown single crystals of volborthite suggesting it may already be realized in these materials.

  6. Phase-Tuned Entangled State Generation between Distant Spin Qubits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stockill, R.; Stanley, M. J.; Huthmacher, L.; Clarke, E.; Hugues, M.; Miller, A. J.; Matthiesen, C.; Le Gall, C.; Atatüre, M.

    2017-07-01

    Quantum entanglement between distant qubits is an important feature of quantum networks. Distribution of entanglement over long distances can be enabled through coherently interfacing qubit pairs via photonic channels. Here, we report the realization of optically generated quantum entanglement between electron spin qubits confined in two distant semiconductor quantum dots. The protocol relies on spin-photon entanglement in the trionic Λ system and quantum erasure of the Raman-photon path information. The measurement of a single Raman photon is used to project the spin qubits into a joint quantum state with an interferometrically stabilized and tunable relative phase. We report an average Bell-state fidelity for |ψ(+)⟩ and |ψ(-)⟩ states of 61.6 ±2.3 % and a record-high entanglement generation rate of 7.3 kHz between distant qubits.

  7. Robust Quantum State Transfer in Random Unpolarized Spin Chains

    CERN Document Server

    Yao, Norman Y; Gorshkov, Alexey V; Gong, Zhe-Xuan; Zhai, Alex; Duan, L -M; Lukin, Mikhail D

    2010-01-01

    We propose and analyze a new approach for quantum state transfer between remote spin qubits. Specifically, we demonstrate that coherent quantum coupling between remote qubits can be achieved via certain classes of random, unpolarized spin chains. Our method is robust to coupling strength disorder and does not require manipulation or control over individual spins. In principle, it can be used to attain perfect state transfer over arbitrarily long range via purely Hamiltonian evolution and may be particularly applicable in a solid-state quantum information processor. As an example, we demonstrate that it can be used to attain strong coherent coupling between Nitrogen-Vacancy centers separated by micrometer distances at room temperature. Realistic imperfections and decoherence effects are analyzed.

  8. Robust quantum state transfer in random unpolarized spin chains.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yao, N Y; Jiang, L; Gorshkov, A V; Gong, Z-X; Zhai, A; Duan, L-M; Lukin, M D

    2011-01-28

    We propose and analyze a new approach for quantum state transfer between remote spin qubits. Specifically, we demonstrate that coherent quantum coupling between remote qubits can be achieved via certain classes of random, unpolarized (infinite temperature) spin chains. Our method is robust to coupling-strength disorder and does not require manipulation or control over individual spins. In principle, it can be used to attain perfect state transfer over an arbitrarily long range via purely Hamiltonian evolution and may be particularly applicable in a solid-state quantum information processor. As an example, we demonstrate that it can be used to attain strong coherent coupling between nitrogen-vacancy centers separated by micrometer distances at room temperature. Realistic imperfections and decoherence effects are analyzed.

  9. Matrix product states for su(2) invariant quantum spin chains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zadourian, Rubina; Fledderjohann, Andreas; Klümper, Andreas

    2016-08-01

    A systematic and compact treatment of arbitrary su(2) invariant spin-s quantum chains with nearest-neighbour interactions is presented. The ground-state is derived in terms of matrix product states (MPS). The fundamental MPS calculations consist of taking products of basic tensors of rank 3 and contractions thereof. The algebraic su(2) calculations are carried out completely by making use of Wigner calculus. As an example of application, the spin-1 bilinear-biquadratic quantum chain is investigated. Various physical quantities are calculated with high numerical accuracy of up to 8 digits. We obtain explicit results for the ground-state energy, entanglement entropy, singlet operator correlations and the string order parameter. We find an interesting crossover phenomenon in the correlation lengths.

  10. Topologically protected quantum state transfer in a chiral spin liquid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yao, N Y; Laumann, C R; Gorshkov, A V; Weimer, H; Jiang, L; Cirac, J I; Zoller, P; Lukin, M D

    2013-01-01

    Topology plays a central role in ensuring the robustness of a wide variety of physical phenomena. Notable examples range from the current-carrying edge states associated with the quantum Hall and the quantum spin Hall effects to topologically protected quantum memory and quantum logic operations. Here we propose and analyse a topologically protected channel for the transfer of quantum states between remote quantum nodes. In our approach, state transfer is mediated by the edge mode of a chiral spin liquid. We demonstrate that the proposed method is intrinsically robust to realistic imperfections associated with disorder and decoherence. Possible experimental implementations and applications to the detection and characterization of spin liquid phases are discussed.

  11. Spin blockade and coherent dynamics of high-spin states in a three-electron double quantum dot

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Bao-Bao; Wang, Bao-Chuan; Cao, Gang; Li, Hai-Ou; Xiao, Ming; Guo, Guang-Can; Jiang, Hong-Wen; Hu, Xuedong; Guo, Guo-Ping

    2017-01-01

    Asymmetry in a three-electron double quantum dot (DQD) allows spin blockade, when spin-3/2 (quadruplet) states and spin-1/2 (doublet) states have different charge configurations. We have observed this DQD spin blockade near the (1,2)-(2,1) charge transition using a pulsed-gate technique and a charge sensor. We, then, use this spin blockade to detect Landau-Zener-Stückelberg interference and coherent oscillations between the spin quadruplet and doublet states. Such studies add to our understandings of coherence and control properties of three-spin states in a double dot, which, in turn, would benefit explorations into various qubit encoding schemes in semiconductor nanostructures.

  12. High-spin states in /sup 86/Y

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bucurescu, D.; Constantinescu, G.; Cutiou, D.; Ivascu, M.; Zamfir, N.V.; Haliem, A.A. (Institutul Central de Fizica, Bucharest (Romania))

    1984-09-01

    The level scheme of /sup 86/Y was investigated by ..gamma..-ray spectroscopy with /sup 76/Ge(/sup 14/N, 4n) and /sup 73/Ge(/sup 16/O,p2n) reactions. New energy levels, spins and parities in the yrast sequence above the known isomeric 8+ states were indicated. The possible structure of these states is discussed in connection with an observed similarity with the yrast states in both odd and even-even neighbouring nuclei.

  13. All-optical control of a solid-state spin using coherent dark states

    CERN Document Server

    Yale, Christopher G; Christle, David J; Burkard, Guido; Heremans, F Joseph; Bassett, Lee C; Awschalom, David D

    2013-01-01

    The study of individual quantum systems in solids, for use as quantum bits (qubits) and probes of decoherence, requires protocols for their initialization, unitary manipulation, and readout. In many solid-state quantum systems, these operations rely on disparate techniques that can vary widely depending on the particular qubit structure. One such qubit, the nitrogen-vacancy (NV) center spin in diamond, can be initialized and read out through its special spin selective intersystem crossing, while microwave electron spin resonance (ESR) techniques provide unitary spin rotations. Instead, we demonstrate an alternative, fully optical approach to these control protocols in an NV center that does not rely on its intersystem crossing. By tuning an NV center to an excited-state spin anticrossing at cryogenic temperatures, we use coherent population trapping and stimulated Raman techniques to realize initialization, readout, and unitary manipulation of a single spin. Each of these techniques can be directly performed ...

  14. Probability representation entropy for spin-state tomogram

    OpenAIRE

    Man'ko, O. V.; Man'ko, V. I.

    2004-01-01

    Probability representation entropy (tomographic entropy) of arbitrary quantum state is introduced. Using the properties of spin tomogram to be standard probability distribution function the tomographic entropy notion is discussed. Relation of the tomographic entropy to Shannon entropy and von Neumann entropy is elucidated.

  15. Multi-spin-state dynamics during insulator-metal crossover in LaCoO3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doi, A.; Fujioka, J.; Fukuda, T.; Tsutsui, S.; Okuyama, D.; Taguchi, Y.; Arima, T.; Baron, A. Q. R.; Tokura, Y.

    2014-08-01

    We have investigated the dynamics of spin-state crossover (SSC) for perovskite LaCoO3 through optical phonons by means of infrared and inelastic x-ray spectroscopy. Upon thermally induced SSC, anomalously dispersionless Co-O bond stretching phonons coupled to the thermally excited spin state have been identified. The enhanced spin-state fluctuation irrespective of the presence of a clear charge gap suggests the emergence of complex spin-state disproportionation involving low-, intermediate-, and high-spin states due to the strong correlation among thermally activated spin states.

  16. Mixed-state quantum transport in correlated spin networks

    CERN Document Server

    Ajoy, Ashok; 10.1103/PhysRevA.85.042305

    2012-01-01

    Quantum spin networks can be used to transport information between separated registers in a quantum information processor. To find a practical implementation, the strict requirements of ideal models for perfect state transfer need to be relaxed, allowing for complex coupling topologies and general initial states. Here we analyze transport in complex quantum spin networks in the maximally mixed state and derive explicit conditions that should be satisfied by propagators for perfect state transport. Using a description of the transport process as a quantum walk over the network, we show that it is necessary to phase correlate the transport processes occurring along all the possible paths in the network. We provide a Hamiltonian that achieves this correlation, and use it in a constructive method to derive engineered couplings for perfect transport in complicated network topologies.

  17. HIGH-SPIN STATES IN CE-131

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    PALACZ, M; SUJKOWSKI, Z; NYBERG, J; BACELAR, J; JONGMAN, J; HESSELINK, W; NASSER, J; PLOMPEN, A; WYSS, R

    1991-01-01

    Gamma ray spectra from the Sn-117(O-18, 4n)131Ce reaction have been studied with the NORDBALL array of 15 Compton-suppressed Ge detectors. States up to I = 51/2 h, E almost-equal-to 8 MeV are populated. Observed bands are interpreted in terms of quasiparticle configurations.

  18. Weakly bound states with spin-isospin symmetry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kievsky, A.; Gattobigio, M.

    2016-03-01

    We discuss weakly bound states of a few-fermion system having spin-isospin symmetry. This corresponds to the nuclear physics case in which the singlet, a0, and triplet, a1, n - p scattering lengths are large with respect to the range of the nuclear interaction. The ratio of the two is about a0/a1 ≈ -4.31. This value defines a plane in which a0 and a1 can be varied up to the unitary limit, 1/a0 = 0 and 1/a1 = 0, maintaining its ratio fixed. Using a spin dependant potential model we estimate the three-nucleon binding energy along that plane. This analysis can be considered an extension of the Efimov plot for three bosons to the case of three 1/2-spin-isospin fermions.

  19. Weakly bound states with spin-isospin symmetry

    CERN Document Server

    Kievsky, A

    2015-01-01

    We discuss weakly bound states of a few-fermion system having spin-isospin symmetry. This corresponds to the nuclear physics case in which the singlet, $a_0$, and triplet, $a_1$, $n-p$ scattering lengths are large with respect to the range of the nuclear interaction. The ratio of the two is about $a_0/a_1\\approx-4.31$. This value defines a plane in which $a_0$ and $a_1$ can be varied up to the unitary limit, $1/a_0=0$ and $1/a_1=0$, maintaining its ratio fixed. Using a spin dependant potential model we estimate the three-nucleon binding energy along that plane. This analysis can be considered an extension of the Efimov plot for three bosons to the case of three $1/2$-spin-isospin fermions.

  20. Weakly bound states with spin-isospin symmetry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kievsky A.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available We discuss weakly bound states of a few-fermion system having spin-isospin symmetry. This corresponds to the nuclear physics case in which the singlet, a0, and triplet, a1, n − p scattering lengths are large with respect to the range of the nuclear interaction. The ratio of the two is about a0/a1 ≈ −4.31. This value defines a plane in which a0 and a1 can be varied up to the unitary limit, 1/a0 = 0 and 1/a1 = 0, maintaining its ratio fixed. Using a spin dependant potential model we estimate the three-nucleon binding energy along that plane. This analysis can be considered an extension of the Efimov plot for three bosons to the case of three 1/2-spin-isospin fermions.

  1. LABS problem and ground state spin glasses system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leukhin, A. N.; Bezrodnyi, V. I.; Kozlova, Yu. A.

    2016-12-01

    In our work we demonstrate the new results of an exhaustive search for optimal binary sequences with minimum peak sidelobe (MPS) up to length N=85. The design problem for law autocorrelation binary sequences (LABS) is a notoriously difficult computational problem which is numbered as the problem number 005 in CSPLib. In statistical physics LABS problem can be interrepted as the energy of N iteracting Ising spins. This is a Bernasconi model. Due to this connection to physics we refer a binary sequence as one-dimensional spin lattice. At this assumption optimal binary sequences by merit factor (MF) criteria are the ground-state spin system without disorder which exhibits a glassy regime.

  2. Spin flip of multiqubit states in discrete phase space

    Science.gov (United States)

    Srinivasan, K.; Raghavan, G.

    2017-02-01

    Time reversal and spin flip are discrete symmetry operations of substantial importance to quantum information and quantum computation. Spin flip arises in the context of separability, quantification of entanglement and the construction of universal NOT gates. The present work investigates the relationship between the quantum state of a multiqubit system represented by the discrete Wigner function (DWFs) and its spin-flipped counterpart. The two are shown to be related through a Hadamard matrix that is independent of the choice of the quantum net used for the tomographic reconstruction of the DWF. These results are of interest to cases involving the direct tomographic reconstruction of the DWF from experimental data, and in the analysis of entanglement related properties purely in terms of the DWF.

  3. Quantum typicality in spin network states of quantum geometry

    CERN Document Server

    Anzà, Fabio

    2016-01-01

    In this letter we extend the so-called typicality approach, originally formulated in statistical mechanics contexts, to SU(2) invariant spin network states. Our results do not depend on the physical interpretation of the spin-network, however they are mainly motivated by the fact that spin-network states can describe states of quantum geometry, providing a gauge-invariant basis for the kinematical Hilbert space of several background independent approaches to quantum gravity. The first result is, by itself, the existence of a regime in which we show the emergence of a typical state. We interpret this as the prove that, in that regime there are certain (local) properties of quantum geometry which are "universal". Such set of properties is heralded by the typical state, of which we give the explicit form. This is our second result. In the end, we study some interesting properties of the typical state, proving that the area-law for the entropy of a surface must be satisfied at the local level, up to logarithmic c...

  4. Entangled states of spin and clock oscillators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polzik, Eugene

    2016-05-01

    Measurements of one quadrature of an oscillator with precision beyond its vacuum state uncertainty have occupied a central place in quantum physics for decades. We have recently reported the first experimental implementation of such measurement with a magnetic oscillator. However, a much more intriguing goal is to trace an oscillator trajectory with the precision beyond the vacuum state uncertainty in both position and momentum, a feat naively assumed not possible due to the Heisenberg uncertainty principle. We have demonstrated that such measurement is possible if the oscillator is entangled with a quantum reference oscillator with an effective negative mass. The key element is the cancellation of the back action of the measurement on the composite system of two oscillators. Applications include measurements of e.-m. fields, accelleration, force and time with practically unlimited accuracy. In a more general sense, this approach leads to trajectories without quantum uncertainties and to achieving new fundamental bounds on the measurement precision.

  5. State space structure and entanglement of rotationally invariant spin systems

    CERN Document Server

    Breuer, H P

    2005-01-01

    We investigate the structure of SO(3)-invariant quantum systems which are composed of two particles with spins j_1 and j_2. The states of the composite spin system are represented by means of two complete sets of rotationally invariant operators, namely by the projections P_J onto the eigenspaces of the total angular momentum J, and by certain invariant operators Q_K which are built out of spherical tensor operators of rank K. It is shown that these representations are connected by an orthogonal matrix whose elements are expressible in terms of Wigner's 6-j symbols. The operation of the partial time reversal of the combined spin system is demonstrated to be diagonal in the Q_K-representation. These results are employed to obtain a complete characterization of spin systems with j_1 = 1 and arbitrary j_2 > 1. We prove that the Peres-Horodecki criterion of positive partial transposition (PPT) is necessary and sufficient for separability if j_2 is an integer, while for half-integer spins j_2 there always exist en...

  6. From Spin Glass to Spin Liquid Ground States in Pyrochlore Molybdates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Lucy

    Magnetic pyrochlores continue to generate intense interest due to the wealth of interesting behaviours that they can display as a result of their highly frustrated nature. Here we will present our study of the molybdate pyrochlore Lu2Mo2O7, which contains non-magnetic Lu3+ and an antiferromagnetic network of corner-sharing tetrahedra of Mo4+ 4d2 S = 1 ions. Magnetic susceptibility data show that Lu2Mo2O7 enters an unconventional spin glass state at Tf ~ 16 K that displays a quadratic dependence of the low temperature magnetic heat capacity, akin to that observed for its well-studied sister compound Y2Mo2O7. This spin glass transition is also clearly marked in our inelastic (CNCS, SNS) and diffuse elastic magnetic (D7, ILL) neutron scattering data. Furthermore, we will show that it is possible to topochemically substitute the oxide, O2-, ions within Lu2Mo2O7 for nitride, N3-, to produce an oxynitride molybdate pyrochlore of composition Lu2Mo2O5N2. Magnetic susceptibility measurements confirm that strong antiferromagnetic correlations persist within the oxynitride, which contains Mo5+ 4d1 S =1/2 ions and is thus a prime candidate to host exotic quantum spin liquid behavior. We will discuss how the enhanced quantum spin fluctuations in Lu2Mo2O5N2 appear to suppress the spin freezing transition observed in its parent oxide and instead support the formation of a gapless spin liquid phase that displays a linear dependence of the low temperature magnetic heat capacity.

  7. High spin states in 63Cu

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    B Mukherjee; S Muralithar; R P Singh; R Kumar; K Rani; S C Pancholi; R K Bhowmik

    2000-09-01

    Excited states of 63Cu were populated via the 52Cr + 16O (65 MeV) reaction using the gamma detector array equipped with charged particle detector array for reaction channel separation. On the basis of - coincidence relations and angular distribution ratios, a level scheme was constructed up to = 7 MeV and = 23/2(+). The decay scheme deduced was interpreted in terms of shell model calculations, with a restricted basis of the 5/2, 3/2, 1/2, 9/2 orbitals outside a $^{56}_{28}$Ni core.

  8. Structure change of 156Yb at high-spin states

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUA Hui; LI Zhong-Yu; WANG Shou-Yu; MENG Jie; LI Zhi-Huan; LI Xiang-Qing; XU Fu-Rong; LIU Hong-Liang; ZHANG Shuang-Quan; ZHOU Shan-Gui; YE Yan-Lin; JIANG Dong-Xing; ZHENG Tao; ZHU Li-Hua; WU Xiao-Guang; LI Guang-Sheng; HE Chuang-Ye; MA Li-Ying; LU Fei; FAN Feng-Ying; HAN Li-Ying; WANG He; XIAO Jun; LI Xue-Qin; CHEN Dong; FANG Xiao; LOU Jian-Lin; LIU Ying; HAO Xin; PAN Bo; LI Li-Hua

    2009-01-01

    High-spin states of 156Yb have been studied via the 144Sm(16O,4n)156Yb fusion-evaporation reaction at beam energy 102 MeV. The positive-parity yrast band and negative-parity cascade have been extended up to higher-spin states, respectively. The characteristics of the negative-parity sequence above the 25- state may related to the excitation from the nucleon in the Z = 64, N = 82 core. The E-GOS curve for the positive-parity yrast sequence in 156Yb indicate that this nucleus may undergo an evolution from quasivibrational to quasirotational structure with increasing angular momentum. The Cranked Woods-Saxon-Strutinsky calculations by means of Total-Routhian-Surface (TRS) methods has been made to understand this structure change.

  9. Fractional charge and spin states in topological insulator constrictions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klinovaja, Jelena; Loss, Daniel

    2015-09-01

    We theoretically investigate the properties of two-dimensional topological insulator constrictions both in the integer and fractional regimes. In the presence of a perpendicular magnetic field, the constriction functions as a spin filter with near-perfect efficiency and can be switched by electric fields only. Domain walls between different topological phases can be created in the constriction as an interface between tunneling, magnetic fields, charge density wave, or electron-electron interaction dominated regions. These domain walls host non-Abelian bound states with fractional charge and spin and result in degenerate ground states with parafermions. If a proximity gap is induced bound states give rise to an exotic Josephson current with 8 π periodicity.

  10. Topological Phases in Graphene Nanoribbons: Junction States, Spin Centers, and Quantum Spin Chains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cao, Ting; Zhao, Fangzhou; Louie, Steven G.

    2017-08-01

    We show that semiconducting graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) of different width, edge, and end termination (synthesizable from molecular precursors with atomic precision) belong to different electronic topological classes. The topological phase of GNRs is protected by spatial symmetries and dictated by the terminating unit cell. We have derived explicit formulas for their topological invariants and shown that localized junction states developed between two GNRs of distinct topology may be tuned by lateral junction geometry. The topology of a GNR can be further modified by dopants, such as a periodic array of boron atoms. In a superlattice consisting of segments of doped and pristine GNRs, the junction states are stable spin centers, forming a Heisenberg antiferromagnetic spin 1 /2 chain with tunable exchange interaction. The discoveries here not only are of scientific interest for studies of quasi-one-dimensional systems, but also open a new path for design principles of future GNR-based devices through their topological characters.

  11. High spin states in stable nucleus 84Sr

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    High spin states of 84Sr were populated through the reaction 70Zn(18O,4n)84Sr at 75 MeV beam energy.Measurement of excitation function,γ-γ coincidences,directional correlation from oriented state (DCO) ratios and γ-transition intensities were performed using eight anticompton HPGe detectors and one planar HPGe detector.Based on the measured results,a new level scheme of 84Sr was established in which 12 new states and nearly 30 new γ-transitions were identified in the present work.The positive-parity states of the new level scheme were compared with the results from calculations in the framework of the projected shell model (PSM).One negative-parity band was extended to spin Iπ=19-and it can be found that in the high spin states,the γ-transition energies show the nature of signature staggering.The negative-parity band levels are in good agreement with deformed configuration-mixing shell model (DCM) calculations.

  12. Cox’s Chair Revisited: Can Spinning Alter Mood States?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lotta eWinter

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Although there is clinical and historical evidence for a vivid relation between the vestibular and emotional systems, the neuroscientific underpinnings are poorly understood. The spin doctors of the nineteenth century used spinning chairs (e.g. Cox’s chair to treat conditions of mania or elevated arousal. On the basis of a recent study on a hexapod motion simulator, in this prototypic investigation we explore the impact of yaw stimulation on a spinning chair on mood states.Using a controlled experimental stimulation paradigm on a unique 3-D-turntable at the University of Zurich we included 11 healthy subjects and assessed parameters of mood states and autonomic nervous system activity. The Multidimensional Mode State Questionnaire (MDMQ and Visual Analogue Rating Scales (VAS were used to assess changes of mood in response to a 100 sec yaw stimulation. In addition heart rate was continuously monitored during the experiment.Subjects indicated feeling less good, relaxed, comfortable, and calm and reported an increased alertness after vestibular stimulation. However, there were no objective adverse effects of the stimulation. Accordingly, heart rate did not significantly differ in response to the stimulation.This is the first study in a highly controlled setting using the historical approach of stimulating the vestibular system to impact mood states. It demonstrates a specific interaction between the vestibular system and mood states and thereby supports recent experimental findings with a different stimulation technique. These results may inspire future research on the clinical potential of this method.

  13. Structural study of the thermal and photochemical spin states in the spin crossover complex [Fe(phen)2(NCSe)2].

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacLean, Elizabeth J; McGrath, Catherine M; O'Connor, Charles J; Sangregorio, Claudio; Seddon, Jon M W; Sinn, Ekk; Sowrey, Frank E; Teat, Simon J; Terry, Ann E; Vaughan, Gavin B M; Young, Nigel A

    2003-11-07

    The first structural data for [Fe(phen)(2)(NCSe)(2)] (obtained using the extraction method of sample preparation) in its high-spin, low-spin and LIESST induced metastable high-spin states have been recorded using synchrotron radiation single crystal diffraction. The space group for all of the spin states was found to be Pbcn. On cooling from the high-spin state (HS-1) at 292 K through the spin crossover at about 235 K to the low-spin state at 100 K (LS-1) the iron coordination environment changed to a more regular octahedral geometry and the Fe-N bond lengths decreased by 0.216 and 0.196 A (Fe-N(phen)) and 0.147 A (Fe-N(CSe)). When the low-spin state was illuminated with visible light at about 26 K, the structure of this LIESST induced metastable high-spin state (HS-2) was very similar to that of HS-1 with regards to the Fe-phen bond lengths, but there were some differences in the bond lengths in the Fe-NCSe unit between HS-1 and HS-2. When HS-2 was warmed in the dark to 50 K, the resultant low-spin state (LS-2) had an essentially identical structure to LS-1. In all spin states, all of the shortest intermolecular contacts (in terms of van der Waals radii) involved the NCSe ligand, which may be important in describing the cooperativity in the solid state. The quality of the samples was confirmed by magnetic susceptibility and IR measurements.

  14. Spin-flop states in a synthetic antiferromagnet and variations of unidirectional anisotropy in FeMn-based spin valves

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milyaev, M. A.; Naumova, L. I.; Chernyshova, T. A.; Proglyado, V. V.; Kulesh, N. A.; Patrakov, E. I.; Kamenskii, I. Yu.; Ustinov, V. V.

    2016-12-01

    Spin valves with a synthetic antiferromagnet have been prepared by magnetron sputtering. Regularities of the formation of single- and two-phase spin-flop states in the synthetic antiferromagnet have been studied using magnetoresistance measurements and imaging the magnetic structure. A thermomagnetic treatment of spin valve in a field that corresponds to the single-phase spin-flop state of synthetic antiferromagnet was shown to allow us to obtain a magnetically sensitive material characterized by hysteresis-free field dependence of the magnetoresistance.

  15. Principles of spin-echo modulation by J-couplings in magic-angle-spinning solid-state NMR.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duma, Luminita; Lai, Wai Cheu; Carravetta, Marina; Emsley, Lyndon; Brown, Steven P; Levitt, Malcolm H

    2004-06-21

    In magic-angle-spinning solid-state NMR, the homonuclear J-couplings between pairs of spin-1/2 nuclei may be determined by studying the modulation of the spin echo induced by a pi-pulse, as a function of the echo duration. We present the theory of J-induced spin-echo modulation in magic-angle-spinning solids, and derive a set of modulation regimes which apply under different experimental conditions. In most cases, the dominant spin-echo modulation frequency is exactly equal to the J-coupling. Somewhat surprisingly, the chemical shift anisotropies and dipole-dipole couplings tend to stabilise--rather than abscure--the J-modulation. The theoretical conclusions are supported by numerical simulations and experimental results obtained for three representative samples containing 13C spin pairs.

  16. Interference of spin states in photoemission from Sb/Ag(111) surface alloys

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meier, Fabian; Osterwalder, Juerg; Hugo Dil, J [Physik-Institut, Universitaet Zuerich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, CH-8057 Zuerich (Switzerland); Petrov, Vladimir [St Petersburg Polytechnical University, 29 Polytechnicheskaya Street, 195251 St Petersburg (Russian Federation); Mirhosseini, Hossein; Henk, Juergen [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Mikrostrukturphysik, D-06120 Halle (Saale) (Germany); Patthey, Luc, E-mail: jan-hugo.dil@psi.ch [Swiss Light Source, Paul Scherrer Institut, CH-5232 Villigen (Switzerland)

    2011-02-23

    Using a three-dimensional spin polarimeter we have gathered evidence for the interference of spin states in photoemission from the surface alloy Sb/Ag(111). This system features a small Rashba-type spin splitting of a size comparable to the momentum broadening of the quasiparticles, thus causing an intrinsic overlap between states with orthogonal spinors. Besides a small spin polarization caused by the spin splitting, we observe a large spin polarization component in the plane normal to the quantization axis of the Rashba effect. Strongly suggestive of coherent spin rotation, this effect is largely independent of the photon energy and photon polarization. (fast track communication)

  17. Bound states of spinning black holes in five dimensions

    CERN Document Server

    Crichigno, P Marcos; Vandoren, Stefan

    2016-01-01

    We find and study supergravity BPS bound states of five-dimensional spinning black holes in asymptotically flat spacetime. These solutions follow from multi-string solutions in six-dimensional minimal supergravity and can be uplifted to F-theory or M-theory. We analyze the regularity conditions and work out the example of a bound state of two black holes in detail. The bound state is supported by fluxes through nontrivial topologies exterior to the horizons and KK momentum. Furthermore, we determine the entropy and compare with other macroscopic BPS solutions.

  18. Spins of Andreev states in double quantum dots

    Science.gov (United States)

    Su, Zhaoen; Chen, Jun; Yu, Peng; Hocervar, Moira; Plissard, Sebastien; Car, Diana; Tacla, Alexandre; Daley, Andrew; Pekker, David; Bakkers, Erik; Frolov, Sergey

    Andreev (or Shiba) states in coupled double quantum dots is an open field. Here we demonstrate the realization of Andreev states in double quantum dots in an InSb nanowire coupled to two NbTiN superconductors. The magnetic field dependence of the Andreev states has been explored to resolve the spins in different double dot configurations. The experiment helps to understand the interplay between pair correlation, exchange energy and charging energy with a well-controlled system. It also opens the possibility to implement Majorana modes in Kitaev chains made of such dots.

  19. Physics and application of persistent spin helix state in semiconductor heterostructures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kohda, Makoto; Salis, Gian

    2017-07-01

    In order to utilize the spin degree of freedom in semiconductors, control of spin states and transfer of the spin information are fundamental requirements for future spintronic devices and quantum computing. Spin orbit (SO) interaction generates an effective magnetic field for moving electrons and enables spin generation, spin manipulation and spin detection without using external magnetic field and magnetic materials. However, spin relaxation also takes place due to a momentum dependent SO-induced effective magnetic field. As a result, SO interaction is considered to be a double-edged sword facilitating spin control but preventing spin transport over long distances. The persistent spin helix (PSH) state solves this problem since uniaxial alignment of the SO field with SU(2) symmetry enables the suppression of spin relaxation while spin precession can still be controlled. Consequently, understanding the PSH becomes an important step towards future spintronic technologies for classical and quantum applications. Here, we review recent progress of PSH in semiconductor heterostructures and its device application. Fundamental physics of SO interaction and the conditions of a PSH state in semiconductor heterostructures are discussed. We introduce experimental techniques to observe a PSH and explain both optical and electrical measurements for detecting a long spin relaxation time and the formation of a helical spin texture. After emphasizing the bulk Dresselhaus SO coefficient γ, the application of PSH states for spin transistors and logic circuits are discussed.

  20. Intermediate-spin state and properties of LaCoO3

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Korotin, MA; Ezhov, SY; Solovyev, [No Value; Anisimov, [No Value; Khomskii, DI; Sawatzky, GA

    1996-01-01

    The electronic structure of the perovskite LaCoO3 for different spin states of Co ions was calculated in the local-density approximation LDA+U approach. The ground state is found to be a nonmagnetic insulator with Co ions in a low-spin state. Somewhat higher in energy, we find two intermediate-spin

  1. All-optical control of a solid-state spin using coherent dark states.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yale, Christopher G; Buckley, Bob B; Christle, David J; Burkard, Guido; Heremans, F Joseph; Bassett, Lee C; Awschalom, David D

    2013-05-07

    The study of individual quantum systems in solids, for use as quantum bits (qubits) and probes of decoherence, requires protocols for their initialization, unitary manipulation, and readout. In many solid-state quantum systems, these operations rely on disparate techniques that can vary widely depending on the particular qubit structure. One such qubit, the nitrogen-vacancy (NV) center spin in diamond, can be initialized and read out through its special spin-selective intersystem crossing, while microwave electron spin resonance techniques provide unitary spin rotations. Instead, we demonstrate an alternative, fully optical approach to these control protocols in an NV center that does not rely on its intersystem crossing. By tuning an NV center to an excited-state spin anticrossing at cryogenic temperatures, we use coherent population trapping and stimulated Raman techniques to realize initialization, readout, and unitary manipulation of a single spin. Each of these techniques can be performed directly along any arbitrarily chosen quantum basis, removing the need for extra control steps to map the spin to and from a preferred basis. Combining these protocols, we perform measurements of the NV center's spin coherence, a demonstration of this full optical control. Consisting solely of optical pulses, these techniques enable control within a smaller footprint and within photonic networks. Likewise, this unified approach obviates the need for both electron spin resonance manipulation and spin addressability through the intersystem crossing. This method could therefore be applied to a wide range of potential solid-state qubits, including those which currently lack a means to be addressed.

  2. Exact spin-cluster ground states in a mixed diamond chain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takano, Ken'Ichi; Suzuki, Hidenori; Hida, Kazuo

    2009-09-01

    The mixed diamond chain is a frustrated Heisenberg chain composed of successive diamond-shaped units with two kinds of spins of magnitudes S and S/2 ( S : integer). Ratio λ of two exchange parameters controls the strength of frustration. With varying λ , the Haldane state and several spin-cluster states appear as the ground state. A spin-cluster state is a tensor product of exact local eigenstates of cluster spins. We prove that a spin-cluster state is the ground state in a finite interval of λ . For S=1 , we numerically determine the total phase diagram consisting of five phases.

  3. Lifetime measurement of high spin states in {sup 75}Kr

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Trivedi, T. [Department of Physics, University of Allahabad, Allahabad-211001 (India); Palit, R. [Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai-400005 (India); Negi, D. [Inter University Accelerator Centre, New Delhi-110067 (India); Naik, Z. [Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai-400005 (India); Yang, Y.-C. [Department of Physics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Sun, Y. [Department of Physics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996 (United States); Sheikh, J.A. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996 (United States); Physics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, PO Box 2008, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States); Department of Physics, University of Kashmir, Srinagar 190 006 (India); Dhal, A. [Department of Physics, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005 (India); Raju, M.K. [Department of Nuclear Physics, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam-530003 (India); Appannababu, S. [Department of Physics, MS University of Baroda, Vadodara-390002 (India); Kumar, S. [Department of Physics and Astrophysics, University of Delhi, Delhi-110007 (India); Choudhury, D. [Department of Physics, IIT Roorkee, Roorkee-247667 (India); Maurya, K. [Department of Physics, University of Allahabad, Allahabad-211001 (India); Mahanto, G.; Kumar, R.; Singh, R.P.; Muralithar, S. [Inter University Accelerator Centre, New Delhi-110067 (India); Jain, A.K. [Department of Physics, IIT Roorkee, Roorkee-247667 (India); Jain, H.C. [Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai-400005 (India); Pancholi, S.C. [Inter University Accelerator Centre, New Delhi-110067 (India)

    2010-03-01

    The lifetimes of high spin states of {sup 75}Kr have been determined via {sup 50}Cr ({sup 28}Si, 2pn) {sup 75}Kr reaction in positive parity band using the Doppler-shift attenuation method. The transition quadrupole moments Q{sub t} deduced from lifetime measurements have been compared with {sup 75}Br. Experimental results obtained from lifetime measurement are interpreted in the framework of projected shell model.

  4. Statistical Reconstruction of arbitrary spin states of particles: root approach

    OpenAIRE

    Bogdanov, Yu. I.

    2005-01-01

    A method of quantum tomography of arbitrary spin particle states is developed on the basis of the root approach. It is shown that the set of mutually complementary distributions of angular momentum projections can be naturally described by a set of basis functions based on the Kravchuk polynomials. The set of Kravchuk basis functions leads to a multi-parametric statistical distribution that generalizes the binomial distribution. In order to analyze a statistical inverse problem of quantum mec...

  5. Experimental determination of spin orbital coupling states of O2(-)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Edward C. M.; Herder, Charles; Chang, Winston; Ting, Regina; Chen, Edward S.

    2006-06-01

    Electron affinities, Ea, E1 and A1 are reported for the 12 primary X, A-K (27 spin) states of O2(-): KeqT3/2 = (SanQan)(2πmek/h2)3/2exp(Ea/RT) k1 = A1T-1/2exp(-E1/RT). These are obtained from pulsed discharge electron capture detector data by rigorously including literature values and uncertainties in a global non-linear least-squares adjustment. Simple molecular orbital theory predicts 27 bonding and 27 anti-bonding low-lying spin states. For the first time, the positive Ea for the 27 bonding states are reported. The partition function ratios of the negative ion and neutral (SanQan), the A1(X-E) and the spin separations are from fundamental constants. The Ea (in eV) are as follows (with the spin states in brackets): [1.050, 1.070]; [0.915, 0.935]; [0.698, 0.718, 0.746, 0.782]; [0.734, 0.754]; [0.559, 0.587]; 0.518; [0.430, 0.450]; 0.380; 0.354; [0.286, 0.298, 0.318, 0.346]; [0.232, 0.252]; [0.172, 0.184, 0.204, 0.232]. The activation energies (in eV) are as follows: E1(X-C) 1.0; E1(D,E) 1.0, 0.8, 0.6; E1(F-K) 0.12-0.08. The Ea and E1 are used to calculate bonding Herschbach ionic Morse-Person empirical curves.

  6. Considerations on describing non-singlet spin states in variational second order density matrix methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Aggelen, Helen; Verstichel, Brecht; Bultinck, Patrick; Van Neck, Dimitri; Ayers, Paul W

    2012-01-07

    Despite the importance of non-singlet molecules in chemistry, most variational second order density matrix calculations have focused on singlet states. Ensuring that a second order density matrix is derivable from a proper N-electron spin state is a difficult problem because the second order density matrix only describes one- and two-particle interactions. In pursuit of a consistent description of spin in second order density matrix theory, we propose and evaluate two main approaches: we consider constraints derived from a pure spin state and from an ensemble of spin states. This paper makes a comparative assessment of the different approaches by applying them to potential energy surfaces for different spin states of the oxygen and carbon dimer. We observe two major shortcomings of the applied spin constraints: they are not size consistent and they do not reproduce the degeneracy of the different states in a spin multiplet. First of all, the spin constraints are less strong when applied to a dissociated molecule than when they are applied to the dissociation products separately. Although they impose correct spin expectation values on the dissociated molecule, the dissociation products do not have correct spin expectation values. Secondly, both under "pure spin state conditions" and under "ensemble spin state" conditions is the energy a convex function of the spin projection. Potential energy surfaces for different spin projections of the same spin state may give a completely different picture of the molecule's bonding. The maximal spin projection always gives the most strongly constrained energy, but is also significantly more expensive to compute than a spin-averaged ensemble. In the dissociation limit, both the problem of nondegeneracy of equivalent spin projections, size-inconsistency and unphysical dissociation can be corrected by means of subspace energy constraints.

  7. Lifetimes of high-spin states in {sup 162}Yb

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carpenter, M.P.; Janssens, R.V.F.; Henry, R.G. [and others

    1995-08-01

    A measurement on lifetimes of high-spin states in the yrast and near-yrast rotational bands in {sup 162}Yb was carried out at ATLAS in order to determine the evolution of collectivity as a function of angular momentum using the {sup 126}Te({sup 40}Ar,4n){sup 162}Yb reaction at 170 MeV. Previous lifetime measurements in the {sup 164,166,168}Yb isotopes showed a dramatic decrease in the transition quadrupole moment Q{sub t} with increasing spin. It was suggested that this decrease in Q{sub t} is brought about by the rotationally-induced deoccupation of high-j configurations, mainly i{sub 13/2} neutrons. If this interpretation is correct, the heavier isotopes should have a larger decrease in Q{sub t} than the lighter mass nuclides due to the position of the Fermi surface in the i{sub 13/2} subshell. Indeed, {sup 160}Yb does not show a clear decrease in Q{sub t} at high spin. No high spin lifetime information exists for {sup 162}Yb, thus this experiment fills the gap of measured Q{sub t}`s in the light Yb series. The data is currently being analyzed.

  8. Optical signatures of low spin Fe3+: a new probe for the spin state of bridgmanite and post-perovskite

    CERN Document Server

    Lobanov, Sergey S; Lin, Jung-Fu; Yoshino, Takashi; Goncharov, Alexander F

    2016-01-01

    Iron spin transition directly affects properties of lower mantle minerals and can thus alter geophysical and geochemical characteristics of the deep Earth. While the spin transition in ferropericlase has been vigorously established at P ~ 60 GPa and 300 K, experimental evidence for spin transitions in other rock-forming minerals, such as bridgmanite and post-perovskite, remains controversial. Multiple valence, spin, and coordination states of iron in bridgmanite and post-perovskite are difficult to resolve with conventional spin-probing techniques. Optical spectroscopy, on the other hand, is sensitive to high/low spin ferrous/ferric iron at different sites; thus, it can be a powerful probe for spin transitions. Here we establish the optical signature of low spin Fe3+O6, a plausible low spin unit in bridgmanite and post-perovskite, by optical absorption experiments in diamond anvil cells. We show that the optical absorption of Fe3+O6 in NAL (new aluminous phase) is very sensitive to the iron spin state and rep...

  9. π Spin Berry Phase in a Quantum-Spin-Hall-Insulator-Based Interferometer: Evidence for the Helical Spin Texture of the Edge States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Wei; Deng, Wei-Yin; Hou, Jing-Min; Shi, D. N.; Sheng, L.; Xing, D. Y.

    2016-08-01

    The quantum spin Hall insulator is characterized by helical edge states, with the spin polarization of the electron being locked to its direction of motion. Although the edge-state conduction has been observed, unambiguous evidence of the helical spin texture is still lacking. Here, we investigate the coherent edge-state transport in an interference loop pinched by two point contacts. Because of the helical character, the forward interedge scattering enforces a π spin rotation. Two successive processes can only produce a nontrivial 2 π or trivial 0 spin rotation, which can be controlled by the Rashba spin-orbit coupling. The nontrivial spin rotation results in a geometric π Berry phase, which can be detected by a π phase shift of the conductance oscillation relative to the trivial case. Our results provide smoking gun evidence for the helical spin texture of the edge states. Moreover, it also provides the opportunity to all electrically explore the trajectory-dependent spin Berry phase in condensed matter.

  10. Computational complexity of nonequilibrium steady states of quantum spin chains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marzolino, Ugo; Prosen, Tomaž

    2016-03-01

    We study nonequilibrium steady states (NESS) of spin chains with boundary Markovian dissipation from the computational complexity point of view. We focus on X X chains whose NESS are matrix product operators, i.e., with coefficients of a tensor operator basis described by transition amplitudes in an auxiliary space. Encoding quantum algorithms in the auxiliary space, we show that estimating expectations of operators, being local in the sense that each acts on disjoint sets of few spins covering all the system, provides the answers of problems at least as hard as, and believed by many computer scientists to be much harder than, those solved by quantum computers. We draw conclusions on the hardness of the above estimations.

  11. High spin states in odd-odd {sup 132}Cs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hayakawa, Takehito [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan). Tokai Research Establishment; Lu, J.; Furuno, K. [and others

    1998-03-01

    Excited states with spin larger than 5 {Dirac_h} were newly established in the {sup 132}Cs nucleus via the {sup 124}Sn({sup 11}B,3n) reaction. Rotational bands built on the {nu}h{sub 11/2} x {pi}d{sub 5/2}, {nu}h{sub 11/2} x {pi}g{sub 7/2} and {nu}h{sub 11/2} x {pi}h{sub 11/2} configurations were observed up to spin I {approx} 16 {Dirac_h}. The {nu}h{sub 11/2} x {pi}h{sub 11/2} band shows inverted signature splitting below I < 14 {Dirac_h}. A dipole band was firstly observed in doubly odd Cs nuclei. (author)

  12. The fluctuations of the spin state of 3d-ions near the ``triple point''

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhitlukhina, E. S.; Lamonova, K. V.; Orel, S. M.; Pashkevich, Yu. G.

    2012-10-01

    The spin states of 3d ions placed in an arbitrarily distorted coordination complex are investigated within the semiempirical modified crystal-field theory. A scheme for constructing spin-state diagrams is presented. Spin-state diagrams are obtained for transition metal ions with electron configurations 3d4, 3d5, and 3d6 placed in a pyramidal environment. The spin-state diagrams for all configurations studied display so-called "triple points", i.e., regions where the spin states are mixed in equal proportions. The spin-state evolution of a five-coordinated Co3+ ion in the layered rare-earth cobaltite GdBaCo2O5.5 is studied. It is found that the intermediate spin state of the Co3+ ion is stabilized by the apex oxygen displacement along the pyramidal axis.

  13. Ground-State and Thermal Entanglement in Three-Spin Heisenberg-XXZ Chain with Three-Spin Interaction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The entanglement properties of a three-spin X X Z Heisenberg chain with three-spin interaction are studied by means of concurrence of pairwise entanglement. We show that ground-state pairwise entanglement, pairwise thermal entanglement, or quantum phase transition is not present in antiferromagnetic spin chain. For the ferromagnetic case, quantum phase transition takes place at △ = 1 for anisotropic interaction and at some values of three-spin coupling strength, and pairwise thermal entanglement increases when the value of J/T increases and with anisotropic interaction and three-spin interaction decrease. In addition, we find that increasing the anisotropic interaction and the three-spin interaction will decrease critical temperature.

  14. Rashba-type spin splitting and spin interference of the Cu(1 1 1) surface state at room temperature

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dil, J. Hugo, E-mail: hugo.dil@epfl.ch [Institut de Physique de la Matière Condensée, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, CH-1015 Lausanne (Switzerland); Physik-Institut, Universität Zürich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, CH-8057 Zürich (Switzerland); Swiss Light Source, Paul Scherrer Institut, CH-5232 Villigen (Switzerland); Meier, Fabian [Physik-Institut, Universität Zürich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, CH-8057 Zürich (Switzerland); Swiss Light Source, Paul Scherrer Institut, CH-5232 Villigen (Switzerland); Osterwalder, Jürg [Physik-Institut, Universität Zürich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, CH-8057 Zürich (Switzerland)

    2015-05-15

    We report on the measurement of the Rashba-type spin splitting of the Shockley surface state on Cu(1 1 1) by spin- and angle-resolved photoemission at room temperature. Along the spatial direction expected for a Rashba-type effect the measured spin splitting corresponds to what has previously been reported by first principle calculations which were verified by high resolution ARPES using low temperatures and perfect crystals. Furthermore it is found that structural defects cause a spin-interference in the photoemission process and as a result the main measured spin signal is in the plane orthogonal to the typical Rashba orientation. Although the determination of the exact origin of this signal requires further investigations, the main results can be used as a benchmark for future spin-resolved photoemission set-ups.

  15. Quantum Entanglement Channel based on Excited States in a Spin Chain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张少良; 杜良辉; 郭光灿; 周幸祥; 周正威

    2011-01-01

    We study the possibility of using a spin chain to construct a quantum entanglement channel that can be used for quantum state transmission in a solid state system.We analyze the spin chain's states under various z-directional magnetic field and spin interactions to determine the entanglement between Alice and Bob's spins.We derive the conditions under which this entanglement can be distilled,and find that a spin chain of arbitrary length can be used as a quantum channel for quantum state transmission when the number of spin flips in the chain is large.%We study the possibility of using a spin chain to construct a quantum entanglement channel that can be used for quantum state transmission in a solid state system. We analyze the spin chain's states under various z-directional magnetic field and spin interactions to determine the entanglement between Alice and Bob's spins. We derive the conditions under which this entanglement can be distilled, and find that a spin chain of arbitrary length can be used as a quantum channel for quantum state transmission when the number of spin Hips in the chain is large.

  16. Spin-ordered ground state and thermodynamic behaviors of the spin-3/2 kagome Heisenberg antiferromagnet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Tao; Li, Wei; Su, Gang

    2016-09-01

    Three different tensor network (TN) optimization algorithms are employed to accurately determine the ground state and thermodynamic properties of the spin-3/2 kagome Heisenberg antiferromagnet. We found that the √{3 }×√{3 } state (i.e., the state with 120° spin configuration within a unit cell containing 9 sites) is the ground state of this system, and such an ordered state is melted at any finite temperature, thereby clarifying the existing experimental controversies. Three magnetization plateaus (m /ms=1 /3 ,23 /27 , and 25/27) were obtained, where the 1/3-magnetization plateau has been observed experimentally. The absence of a zero-magnetization plateau indicates a gapless spin excitation that is further supported by the thermodynamic asymptotic behaviors of the susceptibility and specific heat. At low temperatures, the specific heat is shown to exhibit a T2 behavior, and the susceptibility approaches a finite constant as T →0 . Our TN results of thermodynamic properties are compared with those from high-temperature series expansion. In addition, we disclose a quantum phase transition between q =0 state (i.e., the state with 120° spin configuration within a unit cell containing three sites) and √{3 }×√{3 } state in a spin-3/2 kagome XXZ model at the critical point Δc=0.54 . This study provides reliable and useful information for further explorations on high-spin kagome physics.

  17. Low-spin states of odd-mass xenon isotopes

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Harun R Yazar

    2008-05-01

    In this work, we analyse the positive parity of states of odd-mass nucleus within the framework of interacting boson-fermion model. The result of an IBFM-1 multilevel calculation with the 2d5/2, 1g7/2, 3s1/2, 2d3/2 and 1h11/2, single particle orbits is reported for the positive parity states of the odd-mass nucleus 125-129Xe. Also, an IBM- 1 calculation is presented for the low-lying states in the even-even 124-128Xe core nucleus. The energy levels and (2) transition probabilities were calculated and compared with the experimental data. It was found that the calculated positive parity low-spin state energy spectra of the odd-mass 125-129Xe isotopes agree quite well with the experimental data.

  18. Spin-state responses to light impurity substitution in low-spin perovskite LaCoO3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomiyasu, Keisuke; Kubota, Yuuki; Shimomura, Saya; Onodera, Mitsugi; Koyama, Syun-Ichi; Nojima, Tsutomu; Ishihara, Sumio; Nakao, Hironori; Murakami, Youichi

    2013-06-01

    We studied the spin-state responses to light impurity substitution in low-spin perovskite LaCoO3 (Co3+: d6) through magnetization, x-ray fluorescence, and electrical resistivity measurements of single-crystal LaCo0.99M0.01O3 (M = Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni). In the magnetization curves measured at 1.8 K, a change in the spin-state was not observed for Cr, Mn, or Fe substitution but was observed for Ni substitution. Strong magnetic anisotropy was also found in the Ni-substituted sample. The fluorescence measurements revealed that the valences were roughly estimated to be Cr3+, Mn(4-δ)+, Fe(3+δ')+, and Ni3+. From the observed chemical trends, we propose that the chemical potential is a key factor in inducing the change of the low-spin state. By expanding a model of the ferromagnetic spin-state heptamer generated by hole doping [Podlesnyak , Phys. Rev. Lett.PRLTAO0031-900710.1103/PhysRevLett.101.247603 101, 247603 (2008)], the emergence of highly anisotropic spin-state molecular ferromagnets induced by low-spin Ni3+ with Jahn-Teller activity is suggested. We also discuss applicability of the present results to other materials with Fe (d6).

  19. Sub-picosecond time resolved infrared spectroscopy of high-spin state formation in Fe(II) spin crossover complexes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Døssing, Anders Rørbæk; Wolf, Matthias M. N.; Gross, Ruth

    2008-01-01

      The photoinduced low-spin (S = 0) to high-spin (S = 2) transition of the iron(II) spin-crossover systems [Fe(btpa)](PF6)2 and [Fe(b(bdpa))](PF6)2 in solution have been studied for the first time by means of ultrafast transient infrared spectroscopy at room temperature. Negative and positive...... absorption cross sections. The simulated infrared difference spectra are dominated by an increase of the absorption cross section upon high-spin state formation in accordance with the experimental infrared spectra....... infrared difference bands between 1000 and 1065 cm-1 that appear within the instrumental system response time of 350 fs after excitation at 387 nm display the formation of the vibrationally unrelaxed and hot high-spin 5T2 state. Vibrational relaxation is observed and characterized by the time constants 9...

  20. Long-Lived Heteronuclear Spin-Singlet States in Liquids at a Zero Magnetic field

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emondts, M.; Ledbetter, M. P.; Pustelny, S.; Theis, T.; Patton, B.; Blanchard, J. W.; Butler, M. C.; Budker, D.; Pines, A.

    2014-02-01

    We report an observation of long-lived spin-singlet states in a C-H113 spin pair in a zero magnetic field. In C13-labeled formic acid, we observe spin-singlet lifetimes as long as 37 s, about a factor of 3 longer than the T1 lifetime of dipole polarization in the triplet state. In contrast to common high-field experiments, the observed coherence is a singlet-triplet coherence with a lifetime T2 longer than the T1 lifetime of dipole polarization in the triplet manifold. Moreover, we demonstrate that heteronuclear singlet states formed between a H1 and a C13 nucleus can exhibit longer lifetimes than the respective triplet states even in the presence of additional spins that couple to the spin pair of interest. Although long-lived homonuclear spin-singlet states have been extensively studied, this is the first experimental observation of analogous singlet states in heteronuclear spin pairs.

  1. Collectivity of high spin states in {sup 84}Zr

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lister, C.J.; Blumenthal, D.; Crowell, B. [and others

    1995-08-01

    {sup 84}Zr is one of the most extensively studied of the A {approximately} 80 rotors, both from theoretical and experimental approaches. It was predicted to be a good candidate to support superdeformation, and to show interesting spectroscopic properties including saturation of its shell-model space at lower spin. We performed an experiment using Gammasphere in its early implementation phase. The reaction of {sup 29}Si on {sup 58}Ni was used to strongly populate {sup 84}Zr at high spin. Thin and thick targets were used to allow the extraction of transitional matrix elements at very high spin, and to allow a sensitive search for superdeformed states. Data analysis is in progress. The large data set allowed us to extend the previously known bands considerably. Candidates for a staggered M1-band, found previously {sup 86}Zr, were located. To date, no evidence for superdeformed bands was found. Analysis was slowed by the relocation of all the participants in this experiment, but we hope to complete the lifetime analysis this year. This analysis has become especially topical, due to reported measurements of superdeformation in this region.

  2. Angular observables for spin discrimination in boosted diboson final states

    CERN Document Server

    Buschmann, Malte

    2016-01-01

    We investigate the prospects for spin determination of a heavy diboson resonance using angular observables. Focusing in particular on boosted fully hadronic final states, we detail both the differences in signal efficiencies and distortions of differential distributions resulting from various jet substructure techniques. We treat the 2 TeV diboson excess as a case study, but our results are generally applicable to any future discovery in the diboson channel. Scrutinizing ATLAS and CMS analyses at 8 TeV and 13 TeV, we find that the specific cuts employed in these analyses have a tremendous impact on the discrimination power between different signal hypotheses. We discuss modified cuts that can offer a significant boost to spin sensitivity in a post-discovery era. Even without altered cuts, we show that CMS, and partly also ATLAS, will be able to distinguish between spin 0, 1, or 2 new physics diboson resonances at the $2\\sigma$ level with 30 fb$^{-1}$ of 13 TeV data, for our 2 TeV case study.

  3. Angular observables for spin discrimination in boosted diboson final states

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buschmann, Malte; Yu, Felix

    2016-09-01

    We investigate the prospects for spin determination of a heavy diboson resonance using angular observables. Focusing in particular on boosted fully hadronic final states, we detail both the differences in signal efficiencies and distortions of differential distributions resulting from various jet substructure techniques. We treat the 2 TeV diboson excess as a case study, but our results are generally applicable to any future discovery in the diboson channel. Scrutinizing ATLAS and CMS analyses at 8 TeV and 13 TeV, we find that the specific cuts employed in these analyses have a tremendous impact on the discrimination power between different signal hypotheses. We discuss modified cuts that can offer a significant boost to spin sensitivity in a post-discovery era. Even without altered cuts, we show that CMS, and partly also ATLAS, will be able to distinguish between spin 0, 1, or 2 new physics diboson resonances at the 2 σ level with 30 fb-1 of 13 TeV data, for our 2 TeV case study.

  4. A quantum phase switch between a single solid-state spin and a photon

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Shuo; Kim, Hyochul; Solomon, Glenn S.; Waks, Edo

    2016-06-01

    Interactions between single spins and photons are essential for quantum networks and distributed quantum computation. Achieving spin-photon interactions in a solid-state device could enable compact chip-integrated quantum circuits operating at gigahertz bandwidths. Many theoretical works have suggested using spins embedded in nanophotonic structures to attain this high-speed interface. These proposals implement a quantum switch where the spin flips the state of the photon and a photon flips the spin state. However, such a switch has not yet been realized using a solid-state spin system. Here, we report an experimental realization of a spin-photon quantum switch using a single solid-state spin embedded in a nanophotonic cavity. We show that the spin state strongly modulates the polarization of a reflected photon, and a single reflected photon coherently rotates the spin state. These strong spin-photon interactions open up a promising direction for solid-state implementations of high-speed quantum networks and on-chip quantum information processors using nanophotonic devices.

  5. A quantum phase switch between a single solid-state spin and a photon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Shuo; Kim, Hyochul; Solomon, Glenn S; Waks, Edo

    2016-06-01

    Interactions between single spins and photons are essential for quantum networks and distributed quantum computation. Achieving spin-photon interactions in a solid-state device could enable compact chip-integrated quantum circuits operating at gigahertz bandwidths. Many theoretical works have suggested using spins embedded in nanophotonic structures to attain this high-speed interface. These proposals implement a quantum switch where the spin flips the state of the photon and a photon flips the spin state. However, such a switch has not yet been realized using a solid-state spin system. Here, we report an experimental realization of a spin-photon quantum switch using a single solid-state spin embedded in a nanophotonic cavity. We show that the spin state strongly modulates the polarization of a reflected photon, and a single reflected photon coherently rotates the spin state. These strong spin-photon interactions open up a promising direction for solid-state implementations of high-speed quantum networks and on-chip quantum information processors using nanophotonic devices.

  6. Ground-state spin of {sup 59}Mn

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oinonen, M.; Koester, U.; Aeystoe, J. [CERN, Geneva (Switzerland). EP Div.; Fedoseyev, V.; Mishin, V. [Rossijskaya Akademiya Nauk, Troitsk (Russian Federation). Inst. Spektroskopii; Huikari, J.; Jokinen, A.; Nieminen, A.; Peraejaervi, K. [Jyvaeskylae Univ. (Finland). Dept. of Physics; Knipper, A.; Walter, G. [Institute de Recherches Subatomiques, 67 - Strasbourg (France)

    2001-02-01

    Beta-decay of {sup 59}Mn has been studied at PSB-ISOLDE, CERN. The intense and pure Mn beam was produced using the Resonance Ionization Laser Ion Source (RILIS). Based on the measured {beta}-decay rates the ground-state spin and parity are proposed to be J{sup {pi}} = 5/2{sup -}. This result is consistent with the systematic trend of the odd-A Mn nuclei and extends the systematics one step further towards the neutron drip line. (orig.)

  7. Statistical Reconstruction of arbitrary spin states of particles: root approach

    CERN Document Server

    Bogdanov, Y I

    2005-01-01

    A method of quantum tomography of arbitrary spin particle states is developed on the basis of the root approach. It is shown that the set of mutually complementary distributions of angular momentum projections can be naturally described by a set of basis functions based on the Kravchuk polynomials. The set of Kravchuk basis functions leads to a multi-parametric statistical distribution that generalizes the binomial distribution. In order to analyze a statistical inverse problem of quantum mechanics, we investigated the likelihood equation and the statistical properties of the obtained estimates. The conclusions of the analytical researches are approved by the results of numerical calculations.

  8. Quantum tomography of arbitrary spin states of particles: root approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogdanov, Yu. I.

    2006-05-01

    A method of quantum tomography of arbitrary spin particle states is developed on the basis of the root approach. It is shown that the set of mutually complementary distributions of angular momentum projections can be naturally described by a set of basis functions based on the Kravchuk polynomials. The set of Kravchuk basis functions leads to a multiparametric statistical distribution that generalizes the binomial distribution. In order to analyze a statistical inverse problem of quantum mechanics, we investigated the likelihood equation and the statistical properties of the obtained estimates. The conclusions of the analytical researches are approved by the results of numerical calculations.

  9. Quantum states of indefinite spins: From baryons to massive gravitino

    CERN Document Server

    Kirchbach, M

    2003-01-01

    I review theory and phenomenology of (K/2,K/2)*[(1/2,0)+(0,1/2)] states. First I make the case that the observed nucleon and Delta (1232) excitations (up to Delta(1600)) are exhausted by unconstrained (K/2,K/2)*[(1/2,0)+(0,1/2)] states with K=1,3, and 5, which originate from rotational and vibrational excitations of an underlying quark--diquark configuration. Second, I consider the simplest case of K=1 and show that the \\gamma^\\mu\\psi_\\mu =0 constraint of the Rarita-Schwinger framework is a short-hand of: - 1/3 (1/m^2 W^2 +3/4)\\psi_\\mu = \\psi_\\mu, the covariant definition of the unique invariant subspace of the squared Pauli-Lubanski vector, W^2, that is a parity singlet and of highest spin-3/2 at rest. I suggest to work in the 16 dimensional vector spinor space \\Psi= A *\\psi rather than keeping Lorentz and spinor indices separated and show that the above second order equation guarantees the covariant description of a has-been spin-3/2 states at rest without invoking further supplementary conditions. In gaugi...

  10. Fisher Information and entanglement of non-Gaussian spin states

    CERN Document Server

    Strobel, Helmut; Linnemann, Daniel; Zibold, Tilman; Hume, David B; Pezzè, Luca; Smerzi, Augusto; Oberthaler, Markus K

    2015-01-01

    Entanglement is the key quantum resource for improving measurement sensitivity beyond classical limits. However, the production of entanglement in mesoscopic atomic systems has been limited to squeezed states, described by Gaussian statistics. Here we report on the creation and characterization of non-Gaussian many-body entangled states. We develop a general method to extract the Fisher information, which reveals that the quantum dynamics of a classically unstable system creates quantum states that are not spin squeezed but nevertheless entangled. The extracted Fisher information quantifies metrologically useful entanglement which we confirm by Bayesian phase estimation with sub shot-noise sensitivity. These methods are scalable to large particle numbers and applicable directly to other quantum systems.

  11. Bistability and steady-state spin squeezing in diamond nanostructures controlled by a nanomechanical resonator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Yong-Hong; Zhang, Xue-Feng; Song, Jie; Wu, E.

    2016-06-01

    As the quantum states of nitrogen vacancy (NV) center can be coherently manipulated and obtained at room temperature, it is important to generate steady-state spin squeezing in spin qubits associated with NV impurities in diamond. With this task we consider a new type of a hybrid magneto-nano-electromechanical resonator, the functionality of which is based on a magnetic-field induced deflection of an appropriate cantilever that oscillates between NV spins in diamond. We show that there is bistability and spin squeezing state due to the presence of the microwave field, despite the damping from mechanical damping. Moreover, we find that bistability and spin squeezing can be controlled by the microwave field and the parameter Vz. Our scheme may have the potential application on spin clocks, magnetometers, and other measurements based on spin-spin system in diamond nanostructures.

  12. Implementation of State Transfer Hamiltonians in Spin Chains with Magnetic Resonance Techniques

    OpenAIRE

    Cappellaro, Paola

    2014-01-01

    Nuclear spin systems and magnetic resonance techniques have provided a fertile platform for experimental investigation of quantum state transfer in spin chains. From the first observation of polarization transfer, predating the formal definition of quantum state transfer, to the realization of state transfer simulations in small molecules and in larger solid-state spin systems, the experiments have drawn on the strengths of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), in particular on its long history o...

  13. Excited-State Spin Manipulation and Intrinsic Nuclear Spin Memory using Single Nitrogen-Vacancy Centers in Diamond

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuchs, Gregory

    2011-03-01

    Nitrogen vacancy (NV) center spins in diamond have emerged as a promising solid-state system for quantum information processing and precision metrology at room temperature. Understanding and developing the built-in resources of this defect center for quantum logic and memory is critical to achieving these goals. In the first case, we use nanosecond duration microwave manipulation to study the electronic spin of single NV centers in their orbital excited-state (ES). We demonstrate ES Rabi oscillations and use multi-pulse resonant control to differentiate between phonon-induced dephasing, orbital relaxation, and coherent electron-nuclear interactions. A second resource, the nuclear spin of the intrinsic nitrogen atom, may be an ideal candidate for a quantum memory due to both the long coherence of nuclear spins and their deterministic presence. We investigate coherent swaps between the NV center electronic spin state and the nuclear spin state of nitrogen using Landau-Zener transitions performed outside the asymptotic regime. The swap gates are generated using lithographically fabricated waveguides that form a high-bandwidth, two-axis vector magnet on the diamond substrate. These experiments provide tools for coherently manipulating and storing quantum information in a scalable solid-state system at room temperature. We gratefully acknowledge support from AFOSR, ARO, and DARPA.

  14. Benchmarking spin-state chemistry in starless core models

    CERN Document Server

    Sipilä, O; Harju, J

    2015-01-01

    Aims. We aim to present simulated chemical abundance profiles for a variety of important species, with special attention given to spin-state chemistry, in order to provide reference results against which present and future models can be compared. Methods. We employ gas-phase and gas-grain models to investigate chemical abundances in physical conditions corresponding to starless cores. To this end, we have developed new chemical reaction sets for both gas-phase and grain-surface chemistry, including the deuterated forms of species with up to six atoms and the spin-state chemistry of light ions and of the species involved in the ammonia and water formation networks. The physical model is kept simple in order to facilitate straightforward benchmarking of other models against the results of this paper. Results. We find that the ortho/para ratios of ammonia and water are similar in both gas-phase and gas-grain models, at late times in particular, implying that the ratios are determined by gas-phase processes. We d...

  15. Study of thermally induced spin state transition in NdCoO3 single crystal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janaki, J.; Nithya, R.; Ganesamoorthy, S.; Sairam, T. N.; Ravindran, T. R.; Vinod, K.; Bharathi, A.

    2013-02-01

    We have carried out Magnetization, Raman spectroscopy and IR spectroscopy studies as a function of temperature to investigate the spin state transition in NdCoO3 single crystal. The crystal has been grown by Optical Float Zone technique and characterized by Synchrotron X-ray Diffraction. Our results indicate that the spin crossover from low spin state (LS) to intermediate spin state (IS) occurs continuously over a wide range of temperature above 200K. The wide temperature range of the spin crossover reflects possible electronic or magnetic in-homogeneity at the microscopic level, which is a common feature of some cobalt perovskites. The magnetization studies indicate a spin gap which is higher than that of LaCoO3 (180 K) and Raman spectroscopy studies reveal a Jahn Teller vibration mode characteristic of the intermediate spin state similar to that reported for LaCoO3 in literature.

  16. Local probe of fractional edge states of S=1 Heisenberg spin chains.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delgado, F; Batista, C D; Fernández-Rossier, J

    2013-10-18

    Spin chains are among the simplest physical systems in which electron-electron interactions induce novel states of matter. Here we propose to combine atomic scale engineering and spectroscopic capabilities of state of the art scanning tunnel microscopy to probe the fractionalized edge states of individual atomic scale S=1 spin chains. These edge states arise from the topological order of the ground state in the Haldane phase. We also show that the Haldane gap and the spin-spin correlation length can be measured with the same technique.

  17. Enhanced spin Seebeck effect signal due to spin-momentum locked topological surface states

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Zilong; Chang, Cui-Zu; Masir, Massoud Ramezani; Tang, Chi; Xu, Yadong; Moodera, Jagadeesh S.; MacDonald, Allan H.; Shi, Jing

    2016-05-01

    Spin-momentum locking in protected surface states enables efficient electrical detection of magnon decay at a magnetic-insulator/topological-insulator heterojunction. Here we demonstrate this property using the spin Seebeck effect (SSE), that is, measuring the transverse thermoelectric response to a temperature gradient across a thin film of yttrium iron garnet, an insulating ferrimagnet, and forming a heterojunction with (BixSb1-x)2Te3, a topological insulator. The non-equilibrium magnon population established at the interface can decay in part by interactions of magnons with electrons near the Fermi energy of the topological insulator. When this decay channel is made active by tuning (BixSb1-x)2Te3 into a bulk insulator, a large electromotive force emerges in the direction perpendicular to the in-plane magnetization of yttrium iron garnet. The enhanced, tunable SSE which occurs when the Fermi level lies in the bulk gap offers unique advantages over the usual SSE in metals and therefore opens up exciting possibilities in spintronics.

  18. Law of Iterated Logarithm for NA Sequences with Non-Identical Distributions

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Guang-Hui Cai; Hang Wu

    2007-05-01

    Based on a law of the iterated logarithm for independent random variables sequences, an iterated logarithm theorem for NA sequences with non-identical distributions is obtained. The proof is based on a Kolmogrov-type exponential inequality.

  19. Chern-Simons states in spin-network quantum gravity

    CERN Document Server

    Gambini, R; Pullin, J; Gambini, Rodolfo; Griego, Jorge; Pullin, Jorge

    1997-01-01

    In the context of canonical quantum gravity in terms of Ashtekar's new variables, it is known that there exists a state that is annihilated by all the quantum constraints and that is given by the exponential of the Chern--Simons form constructed with the Asthekar connection. We make a first exploration of the transform of this state into the spin-network representation of quantum gravity. The discussion is limited to trivalent nets with planar intersections. We adapt an invariant of tangles to construct the transform and study the action of the Hamiltonian constraint on it. We show that the first two coefficients of the expansion of the invariant in terms of the inverse cosmological constant are annihilated by the Hamiltonian constraint. We also discuss issues of framing that arise in the construction.

  20. Spin Effects in Two Quark System and Mixed States

    CERN Document Server

    Haysak, I I; Morokhovych, V; Chalupka, S; Salak, M; Fekete, Yu.

    2003-01-01

    Based on the numeric solution of a system of coupled channels for vector mesons ($S$- and $D$-waves mixing) and for tensor mesons ($P$- and $F$-waves mixing) mass spectrum and wave functions of a family of vector mesons $q\\bar{q}$ in triplet states are obtained. The calculations are performed using a well known Cornell potential with a mixed Lorentz-structure of the confinement term. The spin-dependent part of the potential is taken from the Breit-Fermi approach. The effect of singular terms of potential is considered in the framework of the perturbation theory and by a configuration interaction approach (CIA), modified for a system of coupled equations. It is shown that even a small contribution of the $D$-wave to be very important at the calculation of certain characteristics of the meson states.

  1. Spin-free quantum computational simulations and symmetry adapted states

    CERN Document Server

    Whitfield, James Daniel

    2013-01-01

    The ideas of digital simulation of quantum systems using a quantum computer parallel the original ideas of numerical simulation using a classical computer. In order for quantum computational simulations to advance to a competitive point, many techniques from classical simulations must be imported into the quantum domain. In this article, we consider the applications of symmetry in the context of quantum simulation. Building upon well established machinery, we propose a form of first quantized simulation that only requires the spatial part of the wave function, thereby allowing spin-free quantum computational simulations. We go further and discuss the preparation of N-body states with specified symmetries based on projection techniques. We consider two simple examples, molecular hydrogen and cyclopropenyl cation, to illustrate the ideas. While the methods here represent adaptations of known quantum algorithms, they are the first to explicitly deal with preparing N-body symmetry-adapted states.

  2. Nuclear structure and high-spin states of 137Pr

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dragulescu, E.; Ivascu, M.; Petrache, C.; Popescu, D.; Semenescu, G.; Gurgu, I.; Ionescu-Bujor, M.; Iordachescu, A.; Pascovici, G.; Meyer, R. A.; Lopac, V.; Brant, S.; Paar, V.; Vorkapić, D.; Vretenar, D.

    1992-10-01

    Levels in 137Pr were populated in the 126Te( 14N, 3n) and 122Sn( 19F, 4n) reactions and the subsequent radiation was studied using in-beam γ-ray spectroscopy methods including γ-ray excitation-function, angular-distribution, γγ( t) coincidence and γ( t) measurements. A level scheme with new states up to spin {35}/{2} belonging to 137Pr is given. The lifetime of the {11}/{21} state at 563.4 keV has been determined as T {1}/{2} = 2.66±0.07 μ s. The calculation of low-lying levels in 137Pr performed in IBFM has been compared to experimental data.

  3. Numerical methods for spin-dependent transport calculations and spin bound states analysis in Rashba waveguides

    CERN Document Server

    Xie, Hang; Sha, Wei E I

    2015-01-01

    Numerical methods are developed in the quantum transport calculations for electron in the waveguides with spin-orbital (Rashba) interaction. The methods are based on a hybrid mode-matching scheme in which the wavefunctions are expressed as the superposition of eigenmodes in the lead regions and in the device region the wavefunction is expressed on the discrete basis. Two versions are presented for the lead without and with the Rashba interaction. In the latter case the eigenmodes are obtained from a quadratic eigenproblem calculation. These methods are suitable for the systems with variable geometries or arbitrary potential profiles. The computation can be effectively accelerated by the sparse matrix technique. We also investigate the Fano-Rashba bound states in the Rashba waveguides by some nonlinear eigenstate calculation. This calculation is based on a mode-matching method and self-consistent results are obtained in our calculations.

  4. Spin-1 charmonium-like states in QCD sum rule

    CERN Document Server

    Chen, Wei

    2012-01-01

    We study the possible spin-1 charmonium-like states by using QCD sum rule approach. We calculate the two-point correlation functions for all the local form tetraquark interpolating currents with $J^{PC}=1^{--}, 1^{-+}, 1^{++}$ and $1^{+-}$ and extract the masses of the tetraquark charmonium-like states. The mass of the $1^{--}$ $qc\\bar q\\bar c$ state is $4.6\\sim4.7$ GeV, which implies a possible tetraquark interpretation for Y(4660) meson. The masses for both the $1^{++}$ $qc\\bar q\\bar c$ and $sc\\bar s\\bar c$ states are $4.0\\sim 4.2$ GeV, which is slightly above the mass of X(3872). For the $1^{-+}$ and $1^{+-}$ $qc\\bar q\\bar c$ states, the extracted masses are $4.5\\sim4.7$ GeV and $4.0\\sim 4.2$ GeV respectively.

  5. Spin-1 charmonium-like states in QCD sum rule

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen Wei

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available We study the possible spin-1 charmonium-like states by using QCD sum rule approach.We calculate the two-point correlation functions for all the local form tetraquark interpolating currents with JPC = 1−− 1−+, 1++ and 1+− and extract the masses of these tetraquark charmonium-like states. The mass of the 1−− qc$ar{q}$q¯$ar{c}$c¯ state is 4.6 ~ 4.7 GeV, which implies a possible tetraquark interpretation for Y(4660 meson. The masses for both the 1++ qc$ar{q}$q¯$ar{c}$c¯ and sc$ar{s}$s¯$ar{c}$c¯ states are 4.0 ~ 4.2 GeV, which is slightly above the mass of X(3872. For the 1−+ and 1+− qc$ar{q}$q¯ $ar{c}$c¯ states, the extracted masses are 4.5 ~ 4.7 GeV and 4.0 ~ 4.2 GeV respectively.

  6. Ground-state energies of the nonlinear sigma model and the Heisenberg spin chains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Shoucheng; Schulz, H. J.; Ziman, Timothy

    1989-01-01

    A theorem on the O(3) nonlinear sigma model with the topological theta term is proved, which states that the ground-state energy at theta = pi is always higher than the ground-state energy at theta = 0, for the same value of the coupling constant g. Provided that the nonlinear sigma model gives the correct description for the Heisenberg spin chains in the large-s limit, this theorem makes a definite prediction relating the ground-state energies of the half-integer and the integer spin chains. The ground-state energies obtained from the exact Bethe ansatz solution for the spin-1/2 chain and the numerical diagonalization on the spin-1, spin-3/2, and spin-2 chains support this prediction.

  7. Spin State as a Marker for the Structural Evolution of Nature's Water-Splitting Catalyst.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krewald, Vera; Retegan, Marius; Neese, Frank; Lubitz, Wolfgang; Pantazis, Dimitrios A; Cox, Nicholas

    2016-01-19

    In transition-metal complexes, the geometric structure is intimately connected with the spin state arising from magnetic coupling between the paramagnetic ions. The tetramanganese-calcium cofactor that catalyzes biological water oxidation in photosystem II cycles through five catalytic intermediates, each of which adopts a specific geometric and electronic structure and is thus characterized by a specific spin state. Here, we review spin-structure correlations in Nature's water-splitting catalyst. The catalytic cycle of the Mn4O5Ca cofactor can be described in terms of spin-dependent reactivity. The lower "inactive" S states of the catalyst, S0 and S1, are characterized by low-spin ground states, SGS = 1/2 and SGS = 0. This is connected to the "open cubane" topology of the inorganic core in these states. The S2 state exhibits structural and spin heterogeneity in the form of two interconvertible isomers and is identified as the spin-switching point of the catalytic cycle. The first S2 state form is an open cubane structure with a low-spin SGS = 1/2 ground state, whereas the other represents the first appearance of a closed cubane topology in the catalytic cycle that is associated with a higher-spin ground state of SGS = 5/2. It is only this higher-spin form of the S2 state that progresses to the "activated" S3 state of the catalyst. The structure of this final metastable catalytic state was resolved in a recent report, showing that all manganese ions are six-coordinate. The magnetic coupling is dominantly ferromagnetic, leading to a high-spin ground state of SGS = 3. The ability of the Mn4O5Ca cofactor to adopt two distinct structural and spin-state forms in the S2 state is critical for water binding in the S3 state, allowing spin-state crossing from the inactive, low-spin configuration of the catalyst to the activated, high-spin configuration. Here we describe how an understanding of the magnetic properties of the catalyst in all S states has allowed conclusions on

  8. Three-body Effect on Equation of State of Spin-polarized Nuclear Matter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZuoWei

    2003-01-01

    The equation of state (EOS) of spin-polarized nuclear matter has been investigated within the spin-dependent; Brueckner-Hartree-Fock framework by adopting the realistic nucleon-nucleon interaction supplemented with a microscopic three-body force. The three-body force effects have been studied and stressed with a special attention. The calculated results are given in Fig.1. It is seen that; in the Brueckner-Hartree-Fock framework the predicted energy per particle of spin-polarized nuclear matter versus the neutron and proton spin-polarization parameters fulfills a quadratic law in the whole range of spin-polarization. The related physical quantities such as spin the Landau parameters Go in spin channel and G′0 in spin-isospin channel, have been also calculated.

  9. Coherent optical writing and reading of the exciton spin state in single quantum dots

    CERN Document Server

    Benny, Y; Kodriano, Y; Poem, E; Presman, R; Galushko, D; Petroff, P M; Gershoni, D

    2010-01-01

    We demonstrate a one to one correspondence between the polarization state of a light pulse tuned to excitonic resonances of single semiconductor quantum dots and the spin state of the exciton that it photogenerates. This is accomplished using two variably polarized and independently tuned picosecond laser pulses. The first "writes" the spin state of the resonantly excited exciton. The second is tuned to biexcitonic resonances, and its absorption is used to "read" the exciton spin state. The absorption of the second pulse depends on its polarization relative to the exciton spin direction. Changes in the exciton spin result in corresponding changes in the intensity of the photoluminescence from the biexciton lines which we monitor, obtaining thus a one to one mapping between any point on the Poincare sphere of the light polarization to a point on the Bloch sphere of the exciton spin.

  10. Spin eigen-states of Dirac equation for quasi-two-dimensional electrons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eremko, Alexander, E-mail: eremko@bitp.kiev.ua [Bogolyubov Institute for Theoretical Physics, Metrologichna Sttr., 14-b, Kyiv, 03680 (Ukraine); Brizhik, Larissa, E-mail: brizhik@bitp.kiev.ua [Bogolyubov Institute for Theoretical Physics, Metrologichna Sttr., 14-b, Kyiv, 03680 (Ukraine); Loktev, Vadim, E-mail: vloktev@bitp.kiev.ua [Bogolyubov Institute for Theoretical Physics, Metrologichna Sttr., 14-b, Kyiv, 03680 (Ukraine); National Technical University of Ukraine “KPI”, Peremohy av., 37, Kyiv, 03056 (Ukraine)

    2015-10-15

    Dirac equation for electrons in a potential created by quantum well is solved and the three sets of the eigen-functions are obtained. In each set the wavefunction is at the same time the eigen-function of one of the three spin operators, which do not commute with each other, but do commute with the Dirac Hamiltonian. This means that the eigen-functions of Dirac equation describe three independent spin eigen-states. The energy spectrum of electrons confined by the rectangular quantum well is calculated for each of these spin states at the values of energies relevant for solid state physics. It is shown that the standard Rashba spin splitting takes place in one of such states only. In another one, 2D electron subbands remain spin degenerate, and for the third one the spin splitting is anisotropic for different directions of 2D wave vector.

  11. Comparison of calculation methods for the tunnel splitting at excited states of biaxial spin models

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Cui Xiao-Bo; Chen Zhi-De

    2004-01-01

    We present the calculation and comparison of tunnel splitting at excited levels of biaxial spin models by various methods, including the generalized instanton method, the generalized path integral method for coherent spin states,the perturbation method, and the exact method by numerical diagonalization of the Hamiltonian. It is found that,for integer spin with spin number around 10, tunnel splitting predicted by the generalized path integral for coherent spin states is about 10-n times of the exact numerical result for the nth excited level, while the ratio of the results of the perturbation method and the exact numerical method diverges in the large spin limit. We thus conclude that the generalized instanton method is the best approximate way for calculating tunnel splitting in spin models.

  12. Spin-spiral states in undoped manganites: role of finite Hund's rule coupling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Sanjeev; van den Brink, Jeroen; Kampf, Arno P

    2010-01-08

    The experimental observation of multiferroic behavior in perovskite manganites with a spiral spin structure requires a clarification of the origin of these magnetic states and their relation to ferroelectricity. We show that spin-spiral phases with a diagonal wave vector and also an E-type phase exist for intermediate value of Hund's rule and the Jahn-Teller coupling in the orbitally ordered and insulating state of the standard two-band model Hamiltonian for manganites. Our results support the spin-current mechanism for ferroelectricity and present an alternative view to earlier conclusions where frustrating superexchange couplings were crucial to obtaining spin-spiral states.

  13. Spin state transition in the active center of the hemoglobin molecule: DFT + DMFT study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novoselov, D.; Korotin, Dm. M.; Anisimov, V. I.

    2016-05-01

    An ab initio study of electronic and spin configurations of the iron ion in the active center of the human hemoglobin molecule is presented. With a combination of the Density Functional Theory (DFT) method and the Dynamical Mean Field Theory (DMFT) approach, the spin state transition description in the iron ion during the oxidation process is significantly improved in comparison with previous attempts. It was found that the origin of the iron ion local moment behavior both for the high-spin and for the low-spin states in the hemoglobin molecule is caused by the presence of a mixture of several atomic states with comparable statistical probability.

  14. Notes on Ground-State Properties of Mixed Spin-1 and Spin-1/2 Lieb-Lattice Heisenberg Antiferromagnets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirose, Yuhei; Miura, Shoma; Yasuda, Chitoshi; Fukumoto, Yoshiyuki

    2017-08-01

    Quantum Monte Carlo (QMC) simulations are performed to study ground-state properties of a mixed spin-1 and spin-1/2 Lieb-lattice Heisenberg antiferromagnet, in order to get further insight beyond the modified spin-wave (MSW) study reported in [https://doi.org/10.7566/JPSJ.86.014002" xlink:type="simple">J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 86, 014002 (2017)]. It is confirmed that the MSW results are in good agreement with the QMC results. In particular, the scaling relation found in the MSW study, which argues that sublattice spin reductions are inversely proportional to the sublattice sizes, is observed in our QMC simulation. We present a rigorous proof for spontaneous sublattice magnetizations induced by an infinitesimal uniform magnetic field. The calculation process in the MSW theory is reexamined to clarify the mathematical structure behind the scaling relation for sublattice long-range orders.

  15. Spin polarized bound states in the continuum in open Aharonov-Bohm rings with the Rashba spin-orbit interaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bulgakov, Evgeny N.; Sadreev, Almas F.

    2016-07-01

    We consider the trapping of electrons with a definite spin polarization by bound states in the continuum (BSC) in the open Aharonov-Bohm rings in the presence of the Rashba spin-orbit interaction (RSOI). Neglecting the Zeeman term we show the existence of BSCs in the one-dimensional ring when the eigenstates of the closed ring are doubly degenerate. With account of the Zeeman term BSCs occur only at the points of threefold degeneracy. The BSCs are found in the parametric space of flux and RSOI strength in close pairs with opposite spin polarization. Thereby the spin polarization of electrons transmitted through the ring can be altered by minor variation of magnetic or electric field at the vicinity of these pairs. Numerical simulations of the two-dimensional open ring show similar results for the BSCs. Encircling the BSC points in the parametric space of the flux and the RSOI constant gives rise to a geometric phase.

  16. Generation of Quality Pulses for Control of Qubit/Quantum Memory Spin States: Experimental and Simulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-09-01

    Further support was provided by student interns from the Naval Research Enterprise Internship Program (NREIP) and the SDSU Research Foundation... nuclear spin states of qubits/quantum memory applicable to semiconductor, superconductor, ionic, and superconductor-ionic hybrid technologies. As the...magnetic and nuclear spins of an entangled ensemble or of single spins or photons. These quantum states can be controlled by resonant microwave

  17. Locality Violation with Spin-Type W States without Using Inequalities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SONG Ke-Hui; ZHANG Yong-Sheng; ZHOU Zheng-Wei; GUO Guang-Can

    2006-01-01

    Using even and odd coherent states, we define a new state, which is called the spin-type W state. With the spin-type W states, we provide a new scheme for testing fundamental aspects of quantum mechanics and refuting local hidden variable theory without using inequalities. Finally, a scheme for preparing the spin-type W states,and discussion of experimental possibility and the effect of the measurement on physical observables due to a close orthogonality of the two coherent states are given.

  18. The study of magnetization of the spin systm in the ground state

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jiang Wei; Wang Xi-Kun; Zhao Qiang

    2006-01-01

    Within the framework of the effective-field theory with self-spin correlations and the differential operator technique,the ground state magnetizations of the biaxial crystal field spin system on the honeycomb lattices have been studied.The influences of the biaxial crystal field on the magnetization in the ground state have been investigated in detail.

  19. Evidence for a gapped spin-liquid ground state in a kagome Heisenberg antiferromagnet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Mingxuan; Imai, Takashi; Han, Tian-Heng; Lee, Young S

    2015-11-06

    The kagome Heisenberg antiferromagnet is a leading candidate in the search for a spin system with a quantum spin-liquid ground state. The nature of its ground state remains a matter of active debate. We conducted oxygen-17 single-crystal nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements of the spin-1/2 kagome lattice in herbertsmithite [ZnCu3(OH)6Cl2], which is known to exhibit a spinon continuum in the spin excitation spectrum. We demonstrated that the intrinsic local spin susceptibility χ(kagome), deduced from the oxygen-17 NMR frequency shift, asymptotes to zero below temperatures of 0.03J, where J ~ 200 kelvin is the copper-copper superexchange interaction. Combined with the magnetic field dependence of χ(kagome) that we observed at low temperatures, these results imply that the kagome Heisenberg antiferromagnet has a spin-liquid ground state with a finite gap.

  20. Collective dynamics of solid-state spin chains and ensembles in quantum information processing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ping, Yuting

    This thesis is concerned with the collective dynamics in different spin chains and spin ensembles in solid-state materials. The focus is on the manipulation of electron spins, through spin-spin and spin-photon couplings controlled by voltage potentials or electromagnetic fields. A brief review of various systems is provided to describe the possible physical implementation of the ideas, and also outlines the basis of the adopted effective interaction models. The first two ideas presented explore the collective behaviour of non-interacting spin chains with external couplings. One focuses on mapping the identical state of spin-singlet pairs in two currents onto two distant, static spins downstream, creating distributed entanglement that may be accessed. The other studies a quantum memory consisting of an array of non-interacting, static spins, which may encode and decode multiple flying spins. Both chains could effectively `enhance' weak couplings in a cumulative fashion, and neither scheme requires active quantum control. Moreover, the distributed entanglement generated can offer larger separation between the qubits than more conventional protocols that only exploit the tunnelling effects between quantum dots. The quantum memory can also `smooth' the statistical fluctuations in the effects of local errors when the stored information is spread. Next, an interacting chain of static spins with nearest-neighbour interactions is introduced to connect distant end spins. Previously, it has been shown that this approach provides a cubic speed-up when compared with the direct coupling between the target spins. The practicality of this scheme is investigated by analysing realistic error effects via numerical simulations, and from that perspective relaxation of the nearest-neighbour assumption is proposed. Finally, a non-interacting electron spin ensemble is reviewed as a quantum memory to store single photons from an on-chip stripline cavity. It is then promoted to a full

  1. Observations of high spin states in {sup 179}Au

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carpenter, M.P.; Ahmad, I.; Blumenthal, D.J. [and others

    1995-08-01

    As part of a current study on the properties of the {pi} i{sub 13/2} intruder state in the A = 175-190 region, we conducted an experiment at ATLAS to observe high spin states in {sup 179}Au utilizing the reaction {sup 144}Sm({sup 40}Ar,p4n) at beam energies of 207 MeV and 215 MeV. To aid in the identification of {sup 179}Au, and to filter out the large amount of events from fission by-products, the Fragment Mass Analyzer was utilized in conjunction with ten Compton-suppression germanium detectors. In total, 11 x 10{sup 6} {gamma}-{gamma} and 4 x 10{sup 5} {gamma}-recoil events were collected. By comparing {gamma}-rays in coincidence with an A = 179 recoil mass gate and {gamma}-rays in coincidence with Au K{alpha} and K{beta} X-rays, ten {gamma}-rays were identified as belonging to {sup 179}Au. Based on {gamma}-ray coincidence relationships and on comparisons with neighboring odd-A Au nuclei, we constructed a tentative level scheme and assigned a rotational-like sequence to the {pi} i{sub 13/2} proton configuration.

  2. Irreversible transitions in the exchange-striction model of spin-glass state

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valkov, V. I.; Golovchan, A. V.

    2014-08-01

    Based on the assumption of a negative volume dependence of random exchange integrals, it is possible to switch to a compressible Sherrington-Kirkpatrick spin-glass model. Within the proposed model, temperature-pressure phase diagrams were calculated and pressure- and magnetic-field-induced first-order phase transitions from the initial paramagnetic and spin-glass states to the ferromagnetic state were predicted. It was shown that the application of pressure in the spin-glass state not only increases and shifts magnetic susceptibility, but also reduces the critical magnetic fields of irreversible induced phase transitions from the spin-glass to the ferromagnetic state. The obtained results are used to describe the spin-glass state in (Sm1-xGdx)0.55Sr0.45MnO3.

  3. Direct Measurement of the Flip-Flop Rate of Electron Spins in the Solid State

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dikarov, Ekaterina; Zgadzai, Oleg; Artzi, Yaron; Blank, Aharon

    2016-10-01

    Electron spins in solids have a central role in many current and future spin-based devices, ranging from sensitive sensors to quantum computers. Many of these apparatuses rely on the formation of well-defined spin structures (e.g., a 2D array) with controlled and well-characterized spin-spin interactions. While being essential for device operation, these interactions can also result in undesirable effects, such as decoherence. Arguably, the most important pure quantum interaction that causes decoherence is known as the "flip-flop" process, where two interacting spins interchange their quantum state. Currently, for electron spins, the rate of this process can only be estimated theoretically, or measured indirectly, under limiting assumptions and approximations, via spin-relaxation data. This work experimentally demonstrates how the flip-flop rate can be directly and accurately measured by examining spin-diffusion processes in the solid state for physically fixed spins. Under such terms, diffusion can occur only through this flip-flop-mediated quantum-state exchange and not via actual spatial motion. Our approach is implemented on two types of samples, phosphorus-doped 28Si and nitrogen vacancies in diamond, both of which are significantly relevant to quantum sensors and information processing. However, while the results for the former sample are conclusive and reveal a flip-flop rate of approximately 12.3 Hz, for the latter sample only an upper limit of approximately 0.2 Hz for this rate can be estimated.

  4. High-spin states in boson models with applications to actinide nuclei

    CERN Document Server

    Kuyucak, S

    1995-01-01

    We use the 1/N expansion formalism in a systematic study of high-spin states in the sd and sdg boson models with emphasis on spin dependence of moment of inertia and E2 transitions. The results are applied to the high-spin states in the actinide nuclei ^{232}Th, ^{234-238}U, where the need for g bosons is especially acute but until now, no realistic calculation existed. We find that the d-boson energy plays a crucial role in description of the high-spin data.

  5. Zero-Magnetic-Field Spin Splitting of Polaron's Ground State Energy Induced by Rashba Spin-Orbit Interaction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Jia; XIAO Jing-Ling

    2006-01-01

    We study theoretically the ground state energy of a polaron near the interface of a polar-polar semiconductor by considering the Rashba spin-orbit (SO) coupling with the Lee-Low-Pines intermediate coupling method. Our numerical results show that the Rashba SO interaction originating from the inversion asymmetry in the heterostructure splits the ground state energy of the polaron. The electron arealdensity and vector dependence of the ratio of the SO interaction to the total ground state energy or other energy composition are obvious. One can see that even without any external magnetic field, the ground state energy can be split by the Rashba SO interaction, and this split is not a single but a complex one. Since the presents of the phonons, whose energy gives negative contribution to the polaron's,the spin-splitting states of the polaron are more stable than electron's.

  6. On the calculation of high-spin states in the full configuration-interaction formalism

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bendazzoli, Gian Luigi [Dipartimento di Chimica Fisica e Inorganica, Universita di Bologna, Viale Risorgimento 4, I-40136 Bologna (Italy); Deguilhem, Benjamin; Evangelisti, Stefano; Gadea, Florent Xavier; Leininger, Thierry [Universite de Toulouse et CNRS, Laboratoire de Chimie et Physique Quantiques, 118, Route de Narbonne, F-31062 Toulouse Cedex (France); Monari, Antonio [Dipartimento di Chimica Fisica e Inorganica, Universita di Bologna, Viale Risorgimento 4, I-40136 Bologna (Italy)], E-mail: amonari@ms.fci.unibo.it

    2008-06-02

    A modified electronic Hamiltonian that allows the calculations of high-spin eigenfunctions in the S{sub z}=0 manifold, is presented. In this formalism the low-spin states are shifted in energy while all the states having a multiplicity larger than a given value are kept untouched. This formalism has been applied to a test calculations of the lowest quintet state of the helium dimer and of the quintet state of the tetrahedral Li{sub 4} cluster.

  7. Refined entanglement concentration for electron-spin entangled cluster states with quantum-dot spins in optical microcavities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Du, Fang-Fang; Long, Gui-Lu

    2017-01-01

    We present a refined entanglement concentration protocol (ECP) for an arbitrary unknown less-entangled four-electron-spin cluster state by exploring the optical selection rules derived from the quantum-dot spins in one-sided optical microcavities. In our ECP, the parties obtain not only the four-electron-spin systems in the partial entanglement with two unknown parameters, but also the less-entangled two-electron-spin systems in the first step. Utilizing the above preserved systems as the resource for the second step of our ECP, the parties can obtain a standard cluster state by keeping the robust odd-parity instances with two parity-check gates. Meanwhile, the systems in the rest three instances can be used as the resource in the next round of our ECP. The success probability of our ECP is largely increased by iteration of the ECP process. Moreover, all the coefficients of our ECP are unknown for the parties without assistance of extra single electron-spin, so our ECP maybe has good applications in quantum communication network in the future.

  8. All-Optical Formation of Coherent Dark States of Silicon-Vacancy Spins in Diamond

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pingault, Benjamin; Becker, Jonas N.; Schulte, Carsten H. H.; Arend, Carsten; Hepp, Christian; Godde, Tillmann; Tartakovskii, Alexander I.; Markham, Matthew; Becher, Christoph; Atatüre, Mete

    2014-12-01

    Spin impurities in diamond can be versatile tools for a wide range of solid-state-based quantum technologies, but finding spin impurities that offer sufficient quality in both photonic and spin properties remains a challenge for this pursuit. The silicon-vacancy center has recently attracted much interest because of its spin-accessible optical transitions and the quality of its optical spectrum. Complementing these properties, spin coherence is essential for the suitability of this center as a spin-photon quantum interface. Here, we report all-optical generation of coherent superpositions of spin states in the ground state of a negatively charged silicon-vacancy center using coherent population trapping. Our measurements reveal a characteristic spin coherence time, T2* , exceeding 45 nanoseconds at 4 K. We further investigate the role of phonon-mediated coupling between orbital states as a source of irreversible decoherence. Our results indicate the feasibility of all-optical coherent control of silicon-vacancy spins using ultrafast laser pulses.

  9. Coupling a Surface Acoustic Wave to an Electron Spin in Diamond via a Dark State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Andrew Golter

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The emerging field of quantum acoustics explores interactions between acoustic waves and artificial atoms and their applications in quantum information processing. In this experimental study, we demonstrate the coupling between a surface acoustic wave (SAW and an electron spin in diamond by taking advantage of the strong strain coupling of the excited states of a nitrogen vacancy center while avoiding the short lifetime of these states. The SAW-spin coupling takes place through a Λ-type three-level system where two ground spin states couple to a common excited state through a phonon-assisted as well as a direct dipole optical transition. Both coherent population trapping and optically driven spin transitions have been realized. The coherent population trapping demonstrates the coupling between a SAW and an electron spin coherence through a dark state. The optically driven spin transitions, which resemble the sideband transitions in a trapped-ion system, can enable the quantum control of both spin and mechanical degrees of freedom and potentially a trapped-ion-like solid-state system for applications in quantum computing. These results establish an experimental platform for spin-based quantum acoustics, bridging the gap between spintronics and quantum acoustics.

  10. Low-temperature Spin-Ice State of Quantum Heisenberg Magnets on Pyrochlore Lattice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Yuan; Chen, Kun; Deng, Youjin; Prokof'ev, Nikolay; Svistunov, Boris

    We establish that the isotropic spin-1/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnet on pyrochlore lattice enters a spin-ice state at low, but finite, temperature. Our conclusions are based on results of the bold diagrammatic Monte Carlo simulations that demonstrate good convergence of the skeleton series down to temperature T = J/6. The ``smoking gun'' identification of the spin-ice state is done through a remarkably accurate microscopic correspondence for static spin-spin correlation function between the quantum Heisenberg and classical Heisenberg/Ising models at all accessible temperatures. In particular, at T/J = 1/6, the momentum dependence shows a characteristic bow-tie pattern with pinch points. By numerical analytical continuation method, we also obtain the dynamic structure factor at real frequencies, showing a diffusive spinon dynamics at pinch points and spin wave continuum along the nodal lines.?

  11. Disordered ground states in a quantum frustrated spin chain with side chains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takano, Ken'Ichi; Hida, Kazuo

    2008-04-01

    We study a frustrated mixed spin chain with side chains, where the spin species and the exchange interactions are spatially varied. A nonlinear σ model method is formulated for this model, and a phase diagram with two disordered spin-gap phases is obtained for typical cases. Among them, we examine the case with a main chain, which consists of an alternating array of spin-1 and spin- (1)/(2) sites, and side chains, each of which consists of a single spin- (1)/(2) site, in great detail. Based on numerical, perturbational, and variational approaches, we propose a singlet cluster solid picture for each phase, where the ground state is expressed as a tensor product of local singlet states.

  12. Spin-Orbit Coupling Controlled J =3 /2 Electronic Ground State in 5 d3 Oxides

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, A. E.; Calder, S.; Morrow, R.; Feng, H. L.; Upton, M. H.; Lumsden, M. D.; Yamaura, K.; Woodward, P. M.; Christianson, A. D.

    2017-05-01

    Entanglement of spin and orbital degrees of freedom drives the formation of novel quantum and topological physical states. Here we report resonant inelastic x-ray scattering measurements of the transition metal oxides Ca3 LiOsO6 and Ba2 YOsO6 , which reveals a dramatic spitting of the t2 g manifold. We invoke an intermediate coupling approach that incorporates both spin-orbit coupling and electron-electron interactions on an even footing and reveal that the ground state of 5 d3-based compounds, which has remained elusive in previously applied models, is a novel spin-orbit entangled J =3 /2 electronic ground state. This work reveals the hidden diversity of spin-orbit controlled ground states in 5 d systems and introduces a new arena in the search for spin-orbit controlled phases of matter.

  13. Tracking excited-state charge and spin dynamics in iron coordination complexes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhang, Wenkai; Alonso-Mori, Roberto; Bergmann, Uwe

    2014-01-01

    to spin state, can elucidate the spin crossover dynamics of [Fe(2,2'-bipyridine)(3)](2+) on photoinduced metal-to-ligand charge transfer excitation. We are able to track the charge and spin dynamics, and establish the critical role of intermediate spin states in the crossover mechanism. We anticipate......Crucial to many light-driven processes in transition metal complexes is the absorption and dissipation of energy by 3d electrons(1-4). But a detailed understanding of such non-equilibrium excited-state dynamics and their interplay with structural changes is challenging: a multitude of excited...... states and possible transitions result in phenomena too complex to unravel when faced with the indirect sensitivity of optical spectroscopy to spin dynamics(5) and the flux limitations of ultrafast X-ray sources(6,7). Such a situation exists for archetypal poly-pyridyl iron complexes, such as [Fe(2...

  14. Spin squeezing and entanglement via hole-burning in atomic coherent states

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gerry, Christopher C. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Lehman College, City University of New York, Bronx, NY 10468-1589 (United States)], E-mail: christopher.gerry@lehman.cuny.edu; Peart, Mark [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Lehman College, City University of New York, Bronx, NY 10468-1589 (United States)

    2008-10-20

    We study the generation of spin squeezing via the hole burning of selected Dicke states out of an atomic coherent state prepared for a collection of N two-level atoms or ions. The atoms or ions of the atomic coherent state are not entangled, but the removal of one or more Dicke states generates entanglement, and spin squeezing occurs for some ranges of the relevant parameters. Spin squeezing in a collection of two-level atoms or ions is of importance for precision spectroscopy.

  15. Spin structure of Rashba-split electronic states of Bi overlayers on Cu(1 1 1)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jakobs, S., E-mail: jakobs@physik.uni-kl.de [Department of Physics and Research Center OPTIMAS, TU Kaiserslautern, Kaiserslautern (Germany); Graduate School Materials Science in Mainz, Erwin Schrödinger Straße 46, 67663 Kaiserslautern (Germany); Ruffing, A.; Jungkenn, D.; Cinchetti, M.; Mathias, S.; Aeschlimann, M. [Department of Physics and Research Center OPTIMAS, TU Kaiserslautern, Kaiserslautern (Germany)

    2015-05-15

    Highlights: • The spin texture of the QW system 1 ML Bi/Cu(1 1 1) is investigated with SR-2PPE. • We confirm the Rashba-like behavior of the unoccupied spin-split states. • Large out-of-plane spin components are induced by in-plane potential gradients. - Abstract: We investigate the unoccupied Rashba-type spin-orbit split band structure of the commensurate and incommensurate Bi monolayer on Cu(1 1 1) with spin- and angle-resolved two-photon-photoemission spectroscopy. Because of the unique geometrical structure of these Bi monolayers on Cu(1 1 1), it can be expected that both in-plane and out-of-plane potential gradients play an important role for the Rashba-type spin-structure in these systems. Our spin-resolved data of spin-split states in Bi/Cu(1 1 1) confirm the expected Rashba behavior of the in-plane spin-components that is caused by the out-of-plane potential gradient. But in addition, we indeed find out-of-plane spin components with different magnitudes in both monolayer Bi/Cu(1 1 1) systems, which we therefore attribute to the structurally induced in-plane potential gradients.

  16. STUDY OF HIGH-SPIN STATES IN THE NUCLEUS EU-149

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    BACELAR, JC; JONGMAN, [No Value; NOORMAN, RF; DEVOIGT, MJA; NYBERG, J; SLETTEN, G; BERGSTROM, M; RYDE, H

    1994-01-01

    In-beam studies of high-spin states in Eu-149 are reported. The level scheme extends up to an excitation energy of 7.1 MeV and a spin of 55/2HBAR. This nucleus is weakly deformed and most of the high-spin structure is interpreted through its multi-particle-hole nature. Octupole-phonon vibrations cou

  17. g-factor Measurement of High Spin States in 83Y by TMF-IMPAD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daqing, Yuan; Yongnan, Zheng; Dongmei, Zhou; Yi, Zuo; Enpeng, Du; Xiao, Duan; Chaohui, Wang; Qi, Luo; xiaoguang, Wu; Guangsheng, Li; Shuxian, Wen; Lihua, Zhu; Guoji, Xu; Zaochun, Gao; Yongshou, Chen; Shengyun, Zhu

    2006-11-01

    The g-factors of high spin states of the positive parity yrast rotational band up to spin I=41/2+ in 83Y have been measured by a transient-magnetic-field ion implantation perturbed angular distribution method. A positive peak structure of g-factor vs spin has been observed, which provides an experimental evidence for the g9/2 proton alignment followed by the g9/2 neutron alignment.

  18. First Results on High-spin States in ^179Au

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mueller, W. F.; Bingham, C. R.; Reviol, W.; Riedinger, L. L.; Smith, B. H.; Wauters, J.; Ahmad, I.; Amro, H. A.; Blumenthal, D. J.; Carpenter, M. P.; Davids, C. N.; Fischer, S. M.; Hackman, G.; Henderson, D. J.; Janssens, R. V. F.; Khoo, T. L.; Lauritsen, T.; Lister, C. J.; Nisius, D. T.; Seweryniak, D.; Ma, W. C.

    1996-05-01

    High-spin states in ^179Au were studied for the first time in two experiments at the Argonne uc(atlas) facility. The ^144Sm(^40Ar,p4n)^179Au reaction at 207 MeV was used for the first experiment and ^124Te(^58Ni,p2n)^179Au at 255 MeV in the second. The setup in the first experiment consisted of the Fragment Mass Analyzer (uc(fma)) plus Parallel Plate Avalanche Counter (uc(ppac)) system and 10 Compton-suppressed Ge detectors (CSG's). From this run, several transitions from the yrast bands were established. The latter experiment utilized the uc(fma) + uc(ppac) system in conjunction with the uc(aye-ball) array of 19 Ge detectors (eight >70% efficient CSG's, nine 25% efficient CSG's, and two LEPS; one with Compton suppression) and a double sided silicon strip detector (uc(dssd).) The results from these experiments, including a level scheme, will be presented and discussed.

  19. Fe(II) spin-crossover in ultrathin films: Electronic structure and spin-state switching by visible and vacuum-UV light

    OpenAIRE

    Ludwig, E.; Naggert, H.; Kallaene, Matthias; Rohlf, S.; Kröger, E.; Bannwarth, A.; Quer, A.; Rossnagel, K.; Kipp, L.; Tuczek, F

    2014-01-01

    The electronic structure of the iron(II) spin crossover complex [Fe(H2bpz)2(phen)] deposited as an ultrathin film on Au(111) is determined by means of UV-photoelectron spectroscopy (UPS) in the high-spin and in the low-spin state. This also allows monitoring the thermal as well as photoinduced spin transition in this system. Moreover, the complex is excited to the metastable high-spin state by irradiation with vacuum-UV light. Relaxation rates after photoexcitation are determined as a functio...

  20. High spin polarization and the origin of unique ferromagnetic ground state in CuFeSb

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sirohi, Anshu; Singh, Chandan K.; Thakur, Gohil S.; Saha, Preetha; Gayen, Sirshendu; Gaurav, Abhishek; Jyotsna, Shubhra; Haque, Zeba; Gupta, L. C.; Kabir, Mukul; Ganguli, Ashok K.; Sheet, Goutam

    2016-06-01

    CuFeSb is isostructural to the ferro-pnictide and chalcogenide superconductors and it is one of the few materials in the family that are known to stabilize in a ferromagnetic ground state. Majority of the members of this family are either superconductors or antiferromagnets. Therefore, CuFeSb may be used as an ideal source of spin polarized current in spin-transport devices involving pnictide and the chalcogenide superconductors. However, for that the Fermi surface of CuFeSb needs to be sufficiently spin polarized. In this paper we report direct measurement of transport spin polarization in CuFeSb by spin-resolved Andreev reflection spectroscopy. From a number of measurements using multiple superconducting tips we found that the intrinsic transport spin polarization in CuFeSb is high (˜47%). In order to understand the unique ground state of CuFeSb and the origin of large spin polarization at the Fermi level, we have evaluated the spin-polarized band structure of CuFeSb through first principles calculations. Apart from supporting the observed 47% transport spin polarization, such calculations also indicate that the Sb-Fe-Sb angles and the height of Sb from the Fe plane are strikingly different for CuFeSb than the equivalent parameters in other members of the same family thereby explaining the origin of the unique ground state of CuFeSb.

  1. Revisiting spin-lattice relaxation time measurements for dilute spins in high-resolution solid-state NMR spectroscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Riqiang; Li, Jun; Cui, Jingyu; Peng, Xinhua

    2016-07-01

    Numerous nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements of spin-lattice relaxation times (T1S) for dilute spins such as 13C have led to investigations of the motional dynamics of individual functional groups in solid materials. In this work, we revisit the Solomon equations and analyze how the heteronuclear cross relaxation between the dilute S (e.g. 13C) and abundant I (e.g. 1H) spins affects the measured T1S values in solid-state NMR in the absence of 1H saturation during the recovery time. It is found theoretically that at the beginning of the S spin magnetization recovery, the existence of non-equilibrium I magnetization introduces the heteronuclear cross relaxation effect onto the recovery of the S spin magnetization and confirmed experimentally that such a heteronuclear cross relaxation effect results in the recovery overshoot phenomena for the dilute spins when T1S is on the same order of T1H, leading to inaccurate measurements of the T1S values. Even when T1S is ten times larger than T1H, the heteronuclear cross relaxation effect on the measured T1S values is still noticeable. Furthermore, this cross relaxation effect on recovery trajectory of the S spins can be manipulated and even suppressed by preparing the initial I and S magnetization, so as to obtain the accurate T1S values. A sample of natural abundance L-isoleucine powder has been used to demonstrate the T1S measurements and their corresponding measured T1C values under various experimental conditions.

  2. Ising Spin Network States for Loop Quantum Gravity: a Toy Model for Phase Transitions

    CERN Document Server

    Feller, Alexandre

    2015-01-01

    Non-perturbative approaches to quantum gravity call for a deep understanding of the emergence of geometry and locality from the quantum state of the gravitational field. Without background geometry, the notion of distance should entirely emerge from the correlations between the gravity fluctuations. In the context of loop quantum gravity, quantum states of geometry are defined as spin networks. These are graphs decorated with spin and intertwiners, which represent quantized excitations of areas and volumes of the space geometry. Here, we develop the condensed matter point of view on extracting the physical and geometrical information out of spin network states: we introduce new Ising spin network states, both in 2d on a square lattice and in 3d on a hexagonal lattice, whose correlations map onto the usual Ising model in statistical physics. We construct these states from the basic holonomy operators of loop gravity and derive a set of local Hamiltonian constraints which entirely characterize our states. We di...

  3. Robustness of spin-coupling distributions for perfect quantum state transfer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zwick, Analia [Fakultaet Physik, Technische Universitaet Dortmund, D-44221 Dortmund (Germany); Facultad de Matematica, Astronomia y Fisica and Instituto de Fisica Enrique Gaviola, Universidad Nacional de Cordoba, 5000 Cordoba (Argentina); Alvarez, Gonzalo A.; Stolze, Joachim [Fakultaet Physik, Technische Universitaet Dortmund, D-44221 Dortmund (Germany); Osenda, Omar [Facultad de Matematica, Astronomia y Fisica and Instituto de Fisica Enrique Gaviola, Universidad Nacional de Cordoba, 5000 Cordoba (Argentina)

    2011-08-15

    The transmission of quantum information between different parts of a quantum computer is of fundamental importance. Spin chains have been proposed as quantum channels for transferring information. Different configurations for the spin couplings were proposed in order to optimize the transfer. As imperfections in the creation of these specific spin-coupling distributions can never be completely avoided, it is important to find out which systems are optimally suited for information transfer by assessing their robustness against imperfections or disturbances. We analyze different spin coupling distributions of spin chain channels designed for perfect quantum state transfer. In particular, we study the transfer of an initial state from one end of the chain to the other end. We quantify the robustness of different coupling distributions against perturbations and we relate it to the properties of the energy eigenstates and eigenvalues. We find that the localization properties of the systems play an important role for robust quantum state transfer.

  4. A LIL for independent non-identically distributed random variables in Banach space and its applications

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    In this paper,we prove a general law of the iterated logarithm (LIL) for independent non-identically distributed B-valued random variables.As an interesting application,we obtain the law of the iterated logarithm for the empirical covariance of Hilbertian autoregressive processes.

  5. Saddlepoint approximations for the sum of independent non-identically distributed binomial random variables

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eisinga, R.N.; Grotenhuis, H.F. te; Pelzer, B.J.

    2013-01-01

    We discuss saddlepoint approximations to the distribution of the sum of independent non-identically distributed binomial random variables. We examine the accuracy of the saddlepoint methods for a sum of 10 binomials with different sets of parameter values. The numerical results indicate that the sad

  6. Spin-state transition in LaCoO3: direct neutron spectroscopic evidence of excited magnetic states.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Podlesnyak, A; Streule, S; Mesot, J; Medarde, M; Pomjakushina, E; Conder, K; Tanaka, A; Haverkort, M W; Khomskii, D I

    2006-12-15

    A gradual spin-state transition occurs in LaCoO3 around T approximately 80-120 K, whose detailed nature remains controversial. We studied this transition by means of inelastic neutron scattering and found that with increasing temperature an excitation at approximately 0.6 meV appears, whose intensity increases with temperature, following the bulk magnetization. Within a model including crystal-field interaction and spin-orbit coupling, we interpret this excitation as originating from a transition between thermally excited states located about 120 K above the ground state. We further discuss the nature of the magnetic excited state in terms of intermediate-spin (t(2g)(5)e(g)(1), S=1) versus high-spin (t(2g)(4)e(g)(2), S=2) states. Since the g factor obtained from the field dependence of the inelastic neutron scattering is g approximately 3, the second interpretation is definitely favored.

  7. Spiral spin state in high-temperature copper-oxide superconductors: Evidence from neutron scattering measurements

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindgård, Per-Anker

    2005-01-01

    An effective spiral spin phase ground state provides a new paradigm for the high-temperature superconducting cuprates. It accounts for the recent neutron scattering observations of spin excitations regarding both the energy dispersion and the intensities, including the "universal" rotation by 45...

  8. Nuclear-spin-induced localization of edge states in two-dimensional topological insulators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsu, Chen-Hsuan; Stano, Peter; Klinovaja, Jelena; Loss, Daniel

    2017-08-01

    We investigate the influence of nuclear spins on the resistance of helical edge states of two-dimensional topological insulators (2DTIs). Via the hyperfine interaction, nuclear spins allow electron backscattering, otherwise forbidden by time-reversal symmetry. We identify two backscattering mechanisms, depending on whether the nuclear spins are ordered or not. Their temperature dependence is distinct but both give resistance, which increases with the edge length, decreasing temperature, and increasing strength of the electron-electron interaction. Overall, we find that the nuclear spins will typically shut down the conductance of the 2DTI edges at zero temperature.

  9. Communication: Dissolution DNP reveals a long-lived deuterium spin state imbalance in methyl groups

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jhajharia, Aditya; Weber, Emmanuelle M. M.; Kempf, James G.; Abergel, Daniel; Bodenhausen, Geoffrey; Kurzbach, Dennis

    2017-01-01

    We report the generation and observation of long-lived spin states in deuterated methyl groups by dissolution DNP. These states are based on population imbalances between manifolds of spin states corresponding to irreducible representations of the C3v point group and feature strongly dampened quadrupolar relaxation. Their lifetime depends on the activation energies of methyl group rotation. With dissolution DNP, we can reduce the deuterium relaxation rate by a factor up to 20, thereby extending the experimentally available time window. The intrinsic limitation of NMR spectroscopy of quadrupolar spins by short relaxation times can thus be alleviated.

  10. A quaternionic map for the steady states of the Heisenberg spin-chain

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mehta, Mitaxi P., E-mail: mitaxi.mehta@ahduni.edu.in [IICT, Ahmedabad University, Opp. IIM, Navrangpura, Ahmedabad (India); Dutta, Souvik; Tiwari, Shubhanshu [BITS-Pilani, K.K. Birla Goa campus, Goa (India)

    2014-01-17

    We show that the steady states of the classical Heisenberg XXX spin-chain in an external magnetic field can be found by iterations of a quaternionic map. A restricted model, e.g., the xy spin-chain is known to have spatially chaotic steady states and the phase space occupied by these chaotic states is known to go through discrete changes as the field strength is varied. The same phenomenon is studied for the xxx spin-chain. It is seen that in this model the phase space volume varies smoothly with the external field.

  11. Long-lived heteronuclear spin-singlet states in liquids at a zero magnetic field.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emondts, M; Ledbetter, M P; Pustelny, S; Theis, T; Patton, B; Blanchard, J W; Butler, M C; Budker, D; Pines, A

    2014-02-21

    We report an observation of long-lived spin-singlet states in a 13C-1H spin pair in a zero magnetic field. In 13C-labeled formic acid, we observe spin-singlet lifetimes as long as 37 s, about a factor of 3 longer than the T1 lifetime of dipole polarization in the triplet state. In contrast to common high-field experiments, the observed coherence is a singlet-triplet coherence with a lifetime T2 longer than the T1 lifetime of dipole polarization in the triplet manifold. Moreover, we demonstrate that heteronuclear singlet states formed between a 1H and a 13C nucleus can exhibit longer lifetimes than the respective triplet states even in the presence of additional spins that couple to the spin pair of interest. Although long-lived homonuclear spin-singlet states have been extensively studied, this is the first experimental observation of analogous singlet states in heteronuclear spin pairs.

  12. Quantum spin liquid ground states of the Heisenberg-Kitaev model on the triangular lattice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kos, Pavel; Punk, Matthias

    2017-01-01

    We study quantum disordered ground states of the two-dimensional Heisenberg-Kitaev model on the triangular lattice using a Schwinger boson approach. Our aim is to identify and characterize potential gapped quantum spin liquid phases that are stabilized by anisotropic Kitaev interactions. For antiferromagnetic Heisenberg and Kitaev couplings and sufficiently small spin S , we find three different symmetric Z2 spin liquid phases, separated by two continuous quantum phase transitions. Interestingly, the gap of elementary excitations remains finite throughout the transitions. The first spin liquid phase corresponds to the well-known zero-flux state in the Heisenberg limit, which is stable with respect to small Kitaev couplings and develops 120∘ order in the semiclassical limit at large S . In the opposite Kitaev limit, we find a different spin liquid ground state, which is a quantum disordered version of a magnetically ordered state with antiferromagnetic chains, in accordance with results in the classical limit. Finally, at intermediate couplings, we find a spin liquid state with unusual spin correlations. Upon spinon condensation, this state develops Bragg peaks at incommensurate momenta in close analogy to the magnetically ordered Z2 vortex crystal phase, which has been analyzed in recent theoretical works.

  13. Nonlocal entanglement and noise between spin qubits induced by Majorana bound states

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ke, Sha-Sha [State Key Laboratory of Electronic Thin Films and Integrated Devices and School of Physical Electronics, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 610054 (China); Lü, Hai-Feng, E-mail: lvhf81@gmail.com [State Key Laboratory of Electronic Thin Films and Integrated Devices and School of Physical Electronics, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 610054 (China); Department of Physics, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong (China); Yang, Hua-Jun [State Key Laboratory of Electronic Thin Films and Integrated Devices and School of Physical Electronics, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 610054 (China); Guo, Yong [Department of Physics and State Key Laboratory of Low-Dimensional Quantum Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Collaborative Innovation Center of Quantum Matter, Beijing (China); Zhang, Huai-Wu [State Key Laboratory of Electronic Thin Films and Integrated Devices and School of Physical Electronics, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 610054 (China)

    2015-01-23

    We propose a scheme to create nonlocal entanglement between two spatially separated electron spin qubits by coupling them with a pair of Majorana bound states (MBSs). The spin qubits are based on the spins of electrons confined in quantum dots. It is shown that spin entanglement between two dots could be generated by the nonlocality of MBSs. We also demonstrate that in the transport regime, the current noise cross correlation can serve as a good indicator of spin entanglement. The Majorana-dot coupling not only induces an indirect interaction between qubits, but also produces spin localization in the strong coupling limit. These two competing effects lead to a nonmonotonic dependence of current cross-correlation and entanglement on the Majorana-qubit coupling strength. - Highlights: • We propose a scheme to create nonlocal entanglement between two spatially separated electron spin qubits by coupling them with a pair of Majorana bound states. • Spin entanglement between two dots could be generated by the nonlocality of MBSs. • The current noise cross correlation can serve as a good indicator of spin entanglement.

  14. Persistent coherence and spin polarization of topological surface states on topological insulators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, Z.-H.; Vescovo, E.; Fedorov, A. V.; Gu, G. D.; Valla, T.

    2013-07-01

    Gapless surface states on topological insulators are protected from elastic scattering on nonmagnetic impurities, which makes them promising candidates for low-power electronic applications. However, for widespread applications, these states should remain coherent and significantly spin polarized at ambient temperatures. Here, we studied the coherence and spin structure of the topological states on the surface of a model topological insulator, Bi2Se3, at elevated temperatures in spin- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy. We found an extremely weak broadening and essentially no decay of spin polarization of the topological surface state up to room temperature. Our results demonstrate that the topological states on surfaces of topological insulators could serve as a basis for room-temperature electronic devices.

  15. Nanoscale self-hosting of molecular spin-states in the intermediate phase of a spin-crossover material.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bréfuel, Nicolas; Collet, Eric; Watanabe, Hiroshi; Kojima, Masaaki; Matsumoto, Naohide; Toupet, Loic; Tanaka, Koichiro; Tuchagues, Jean-Pierre

    2010-12-17

    A new spin-crossover (SC) complex [Fe(II)H(2)L(2-Me)][AsF(6)](2) has been synthesized, in which H(2)L(2-Me) denotes the chirogenic hexadentate N(6) Schiff-base ligand bis{[(2-methylimidazol-4-yl)methylidene]-3-aminopropyl}ethylenediamine. This complex has revealed a rich variety of phases during its two-step thermal crossover, as well as photoinduced spin-state switching. A high-symmetry high-spin (HS, S=2) phase, a low-symmetry low-spin (LS, S=0) phase, an intermediate phase characterized by an unprecedented lozenge pattern of 12 predominantly HS molecular crystallographic sites confining 18 predominantly LS molecular crystallographic sites, and a photoinduced low-symmetry HS phase have been accurately evidenced by temperature-dependent magnetic susceptibility, Mössbauer spectroscopy, and crystallographic studies. This variety of phases illustrates the multi-stability of this system, which results from coupling between the electronic states and structural instabilities.

  16. Pseudomultidimensional NMR by spin-state selective off-resonance decoupling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grace, Christy Rani R; Riek, Roland

    2003-12-24

    An alternate technique for accurately monitoring the chemical shift in multidimensional NMR experiments using spin-state selective off-resonance decoupling is presented here. By applying off-resonance decoupling on spin S during acquisition of spin I, we scaled the scalar coupling J(I,S) between the spins, and the residual scalar coupling turns out to be a function of the chemical shift of spin S. Thus, the chemical shift information of spin S is indirectly retained, without an additional evolution period and the accompanying polarization transfer elements. The detection of the components of the doublet using spin-state selection enables an accurate measurement of the residual scalar coupling and a precise value for the chemical shift, concomitantly. The spin-state selection further yields two subspectra comprising either one of the two components of the doublet and thereby avoiding the overlap problems that arise from off-resonance decoupling. In general, spin-state selective off-resonance decoupling can be incorporated into any pulse sequence. Here, the concept of spin-state selective off-resonance decoupling is applied to 3D (13)C or (15)N-resolved [(1)H,(1)H]-NOESY experiments, adding the chemical shift of the heavy atom attached to the hydrogen ((13)C or (15)N nuclei) with high resolution resulting in a pseudo-4D. These pseudo-4D heavy-atom resolved [(1)H, (1)H]-NOESY experiments contain chemical shift information comparable to that of 4D (13)C or (15)N-resolved [(1)H,(1)H]-NOESY, but with an increase in chemical shift resolution by 1-2 orders of magnitude.

  17. Temperature dependence of the spin state of a Co3+ Ion in RCoO3 ( R = La, Gd) cobaltites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Babkin, R. Yu.; Lamonova, K. V.; Orel, S. M.; Ovchinnikov, S. G.; Pashkevich, Yu. G.

    2014-06-01

    Changes in the spin state of Co3+ ions in LaCoO3 and GdCoO3 compounds are studied through the use of the temperature dependence of the magnetic susceptibility and the modified crystal field theory. It is shown that the spin subsystem of Co3+ ions in LaCoO3 and GdCoO3 undergoes the spin-crossover type transition between the high-spin ( S = 2) and low-spin ( S = 0) states without any contribution of the intermediate-spin state ( S = 1).

  18. Quantum model of a solid-state spin qubit: Ni cluster on a silicon surface by the generalized spin Hamiltonian and X-ray absorption spectroscopy investigations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farberovich, Oleg V.; Mazalova, Victoria L.; Soldatov, Alexander V.

    2015-11-01

    We present here the quantum model of a Ni solid-state electron spin qubit on a silicon surface with the use of a density-functional scheme for the calculation of the exchange integrals in the non-collinear spin configurations in the generalized spin Hamiltonian (GSH) with the anisotropic exchange coupling parameters linking the nickel ions with a silicon substrate. In this model the interaction of a spin qubit with substrate is considered in GSH at the calculation of exchange integrals Jij of the nanosystem Ni7-Si in the one-electron approach taking into account chemical bonds of all Si-atoms of a substrate (environment) with atoms of the Ni7-cluster. The energy pattern was found from the effective GSH Hamiltonian acting in the restricted spin space of the Ni ions by the application of the irreducible tensor operators (ITO) technique. In this paper we offer the model of the quantum solid-state N-spin qubit based on the studying of the spin structure and the spin-dynamics simulations of the 3d-metal Ni clusters on the silicon surface. The solution of the problem of the entanglement between spin states in the N-spin systems is becoming more interesting when considering clusters or molecules with a spectral gap in their density of states. For quantifying the distribution of the entanglement between the individual spin eigenvalues (modes) in the spin structure of the N-spin system we use the density of entanglement (DOE). In this study we have developed and used the advanced high-precision numerical techniques to accurately assess the details of the decoherence process governing the dynamics of the N-spin qubits interacting with a silicon surface. We have studied the Rabi oscillations to evaluate the N-spin qubits system as a function of the time and the magnetic field. We have observed the stabilized Rabi oscillations and have stabilized the quantum dynamical qubit state and Rabi driving after a fixed time (0.327 μs). The comparison of the energy pattern with the

  19. Spin state transitions upon visible and infrared excitation of ferric MbN{sub 3}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Helbing, Jan, E-mail: j.helbing@pci.uzh.ch [Physikalisch-Chemisches Institut, Universitaet Zuerich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057 Zuerich (Switzerland)

    2012-03-02

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Visible heme and infrared ligand excitation change the spin state equilibrium of MbN{sub 3}. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The difference in ligand binding angle between high and low spin protein was measured. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Spin state changes take place on the time scale of vibrational relaxation of heme. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Heme vibrations may modulate the electronic and functional properties of the protein. - Abstract: When azide binds to ferric Myoglobin it forms either a low-spin or a high-spin complex, which give rise to two well-separated asymmetric stretch bands of the ligand. Both electronic excitation of the Q-band and vibrational excitation of N{sub 3}{sup -} in the mid-IR lead to a similar ultrafast population redistribution in favor of the high spin configuration, which is characterized by a 8 Degree-Sign reorientation of the ligand transition dipole moment. The more stable low spin complex subsequently re-emerges with a 18 ps time-constant. It is argued that the observed spin state changes are caused by the participation of low-lying electronic excitations in the cooling process of heme.

  20. Spin to Charge Interconversion Phenomena in the Interface and Surface States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ando, Yuichiro; Shiraishi, Masashi

    2017-01-01

    In 1985, Johnson and Silsbee realized the creation of a spin current in nonmagnetic metals, which inspired a vast number of studies related to the spin current until now. Creation of the spin current has been realized in metals, semiconductors, and insulators to date and has provided a fruitful research field. Spin-dependent conductance and spin torque paved a new way for spintronic application, and highly efficient interconversion between spin information and an industrially used one, such as charge current, light, magnetic moment and heat current, became a central topic. In the early stage, the main field of such interconversion was bulk materials; the focus then gradually shifted to surface and interface states. The properties of surface and interface states became pronounced in nanoscale spintronics devices, and a variety of functions have been realized at the interface between two materials, enabling limitless possibilities for spin functions. This review provides an overview of the recent progress of the spin-charge interconversion in the surface and interface states. We also introduce several spurious effects that should be paid careful attention for quantitative investigations.

  1. Spin-state studies with XES and RIXS: From static to ultrafast

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vankó, György, E-mail: vanko.gyorgy@wigner.mta.hu [Wigner Research Centre for Physics, Hungarian Academy Sciences, P.O. Box 49, H-1525 Budapest (Hungary); Bordage, Amélie [Wigner Research Centre for Physics, Hungarian Academy Sciences, P.O. Box 49, H-1525 Budapest (Hungary); Glatzel, Pieter; Gallo, Erik; Rovezzi, Mauro [European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), 6 Rue Jules Horowitz, BP220, 38043 Grenoble Cedex 9 (France); Gawelda, Wojciech; Galler, Andreas; Bressler, Christian [European XFEL, Albert-Einstein Ring 19, D-22 761 Hamburg (Germany); Doumy, Gilles; March, Anne Marie; Kanter, Elliot P.; Young, Linda; Southworth, Stephen H. [X-ray Science Division, Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 S. Cass Avenue, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States); Canton, Sophie E. [Department of Synchrotron Instrumentation, MAXlab, Lund University, Box 118, SE-22100 Lund (Sweden); Uhlig, Jens; Smolentsev, Grigory; Sundström, Villy [Department of Chemical Physics, Lund University, Box 124, SE-22100 Lund (Sweden); Haldrup, Kristoffer; Brandt van Driel, Tim; Nielsen, Martin M. [Centre for Molecular Movies, Department of Physics, Technical University of Denmark, DK-2800 Lyngby (Denmark); and others

    2013-06-15

    Highlights: ► We study light-induced spin-state transition of Fe(II) complexes in solution. ► Laser-pump-X-ray-probe spectroscopy is extended to MHz repetition rates. ► XES and RIXS compare well with the static spectra at thermal spin transition. ► The typical assumptions used in XES line shape analysis are validated. -- Abstract: We report on extending hard X-ray emission spectroscopy (XES) along with resonant inelastic X-ray scattering (RIXS) to study ultrafast phenomena in a pump-probe scheme at MHz repetition rates. The investigated systems include low-spin (LS) Fe{sup II} complex compounds, where optical pulses induce a spin-state transition to their (sub)nanosecond-lived high-spin (HS) state. Time-resolved XES clearly reflects the spin-state variations with very high signal-to-noise ratio, in agreement with HS–LS difference spectra measured at thermal spin crossover, and reference HS–LS systems in static experiments, next to multiplet calculations. The 1s2p RIXS, measured at the Fe 1s pre-edge region, shows variations after laser excitation, which are consistent with the formation of the HS state. Our results demonstrate that X-ray spectroscopy experiments with overall rather weak signals, such as RIXS, can now be reliably exploited to study chemical and physical transformations on ultrafast time scales.

  2. Spin-state blockade in Te6+-substituted electron-doped LaCoO3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomiyasu, Keisuke; Koyama, Shun-Ichi; Watahiki, Masanori; Sato, Mika; Nishihara, Kazuki; Onodera, Mitsugi; Iwasa, Kazuaki; Nojima, Tsutomu; Yamasaki, Yuuichi; Nakao, Hironori; Murakami, Youichi

    2015-03-01

    Perovskite-type LaCoO3 (Co3+: d6) is a rare inorganic material with sensitive and characteristic responses among low, intermediate, and high spin states. For example, in insulating nonmagnetic low-spin states below about 20 K, light hole doping (Ni substitution) induces much larger magnetization than expected; over net 10μB/hole (5μB/Ni) for 1μB/hole (1μB/Ni), in which the nearly isolated dopants locally change the surrounding Co low-spin states to magnetic ones and form spin molecules with larger total spin. Further, the former is isotropic, whereas the latter exhibits characteristic anisotropy probably because of Jahn-Teller distortion. In contrast, for electron doping, relatively insensitive spin-state responses were reported, as in LaCo(Ti4+) O3, but are not clarified, and are somewhat controversial. Here, we present macroscopic measurement data of another electron-doped system LaCo(Te6+) O3 and discuss the spin-state responses. This study was financially supported by Grants-in-Aid for Young Scientists (B) (No. 22740209 and 26800174) from the MEXT of Japan.

  3. Multipartite Spin Entangled States in Quantum Dots with a Quantum Databus Based on Nano Electro-Mechanical Resonator

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHU Zhi-Cheng; TU Tao; GUO Guo-Ping

    2011-01-01

    We propose an efficient method to create multipartite spin entangled states in quantum dots coupled to a nano electro-mechanical resonator array. Our method, based on the interaction between electron spins confined in quantum dots and the motion of magnetized nano electro-mechanical resonators, can enable a coherent spin-spin coupling over long distances and in principle be applied to an arbitrarily large number of electronic spins.%@@ We propose an efficient method to create multipartite spin entangled states in quantum dots coupled to a nano electro-mechanical resonator array.Our method, based on the interaction between electron spins confined in quantum dots and the motion of magnetized nano electro-mechanical resonators, can enable a coherent spin-spin coupling over long distances and in principle be applied to an arbitrarily large number of electronic spins.

  4. Magnetic states of an isotropic magnet with the "large" ion spin S = 3/2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orlenko, E. V.; Orlenko, F. E.

    2016-07-01

    The magnetic state of a system of particles with a "large" spin of 3/2 in the presence of isotropic exchange interaction in the system has been studied on the basis of a derived spin Hamiltonian. It has been shown that, at a positive contribution of the exchange interaction, an unstable nematic state appears and transforms to a stable ferromagnetic state (with an average spin of 3/2). The excitation spectrum in the ferromagnetic state is a triply degenerate Goldstone-type gapless magnon mode. At a negative sign of the exchange contribution, an antinematic state is stable with respect to a transition to a ferromagnetic state, which is forbidden. In this case, the antinematic always occurs in the state of a phase transition to an unstable antiferromagnetic state, the excitation spectrum of which is characterized by a single nondegenerate Goldstone mode.

  5. Robustness of spin-coupling distributions for perfect quantum state transfer

    CERN Document Server

    Zwick, Analia; Stolze, Joachim; Osenda, Omar

    2011-01-01

    The transmission of quantum information between different parts of a quantum computer is of fundamental importance. Spin chains have been proposed as quantum channels for transferring information. Different configurations for the spin couplings were proposed in order to optimize the transfer. As imperfections in the creation of these specific spin-coupling distributions can never be completely avoided, it is important to find out which systems are optimally suited for information transfer by assessing their robustness against imperfections or disturbances. We analyze different spin coupling distributions of spin chain channels designed for perfect quantum state transfer. In particular, we study the transfer of an initial state from one end of the chain to the other end. We quantify the robustness of different coupling distributions against perturbations and we relate it to the properties of the energy eigenstates and eigenvalues. We find that the localization properties of the systems play an important role f...

  6. On the truncation of the number of excited states in density functional theory sum-over-states calculations of indirect spin spin coupling constants

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zarycz, M. Natalia C.; Provasi, Patricio F.; Sauer, Stephan P. A.

    2015-01-01

    It is investigated, whether the number of excited (pseudo)states can be truncated in the sum-over-states expression for indirect spin-spin coupling constants (SSCC), which is used in the Contributions from Localized Orbitals within the Polarization Propagator Approach and Inner Projections......-correlation functional and the specialized core-property basis set, aug-cc-pVTZ-J. We investigated both how the calculated coupling constants depend on the number of (pseudo)states included in the summation and whether the summation can be truncated in a systematic way at a smaller number of states and extrapolated...... to the total number of (pseudo)states for the given one-electron basis set. We find that this is possible and that for some of the couplings it is sufficient to include only about 30% of the excited (pseudo)states....

  7. New high spin states and isomers in the {sup 208}Pb and {sup 207}Pb nuclei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Broda, R.; Wrzesinski, J.; Pawlat, T. [and others

    1996-12-31

    The two most prominent examples of the heavy doubly closed shell (DCS) nuclei, {sup 208}Pb and {sup 132}Sn, are not accessible by conventional heavy-ion fusion processes populating high-spin states. This experimental difficulty obscured for a long time the investigation of yrast high-spin states in both DCS and neighboring nuclei and consequently restricted the study of the shell model in its most attractive regions. Recent technical development of multidetector gamma arrays opened new ways to exploit more complex nuclear processes which populate the nuclei of interest with suitable yields for gamma spectroscopy and involve population of moderately high spin states. This new possibility extended the range of accessible spin values and is a promising way to reach new yrast states. Some of these states are expected to be of high configurational purity and can be a source of important shell model parameters which possibly can be used later to check the validity of the spherical shell model description at yet higher spin and higher excitation energy. The nuclei in the closest vicinity of {sup 132}Sn are produced in spontaneous fission and states with spin values up to I=14 can be reached in fission gamma spectroscopy studies with the presently achieved sensitivity of gamma arrays. New results on yrast states in the {sup 134}Te and {sup 135}I nuclei populated in fission of the {sup 248}Cm presented at this conference illustrate such application of the resolving power offered by modern gamma techniques.

  8. Tunable symmetry breaking and helical edge transport in a graphene quantum spin Hall state.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, A F; Sanchez-Yamagishi, J D; Hunt, B; Choi, S H; Watanabe, K; Taniguchi, T; Ashoori, R C; Jarillo-Herrero, P

    2014-01-23

    Low-dimensional electronic systems have traditionally been obtained by electrostatically confining electrons, either in heterostructures or in intrinsically nanoscale materials such as single molecules, nanowires and graphene. Recently, a new method has emerged with the recognition that symmetry-protected topological (SPT) phases, which occur in systems with an energy gap to quasiparticle excitations (such as insulators or superconductors), can host robust surface states that remain gapless as long as the relevant global symmetry remains unbroken. The nature of the charge carriers in SPT surface states is intimately tied to the symmetry of the bulk, resulting in one- and two-dimensional electronic systems with novel properties. For example, time reversal symmetry endows the massless charge carriers on the surface of a three-dimensional topological insulator with helicity, fixing the orientation of their spin relative to their momentum. Weakly breaking this symmetry generates a gap on the surface, resulting in charge carriers with finite effective mass and exotic spin textures. Analogous manipulations have yet to be demonstrated in two-dimensional topological insulators, where the primary example of a SPT phase is the quantum spin Hall state. Here we demonstrate experimentally that charge-neutral monolayer graphene has a quantum spin Hall state when it is subjected to a very large magnetic field angled with respect to the graphene plane. In contrast to time-reversal-symmetric systems, this state is protected by a symmetry of planar spin rotations that emerges as electron spins in a half-filled Landau level are polarized by the large magnetic field. The properties of the resulting helical edge states can be modulated by balancing the applied field against an intrinsic antiferromagnetic instability, which tends to spontaneously break the spin-rotation symmetry. In the resulting canted antiferromagnetic state, we observe transport signatures of gapped edge states

  9. Effect of Quantum Point Contact Measurement on Electron Spin State in Quantum Dots

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHU Fei-Yun; TU Tao; HAO Xiao-Jie; GUO Guang-Can; GUO Guo-Ping

    2009-01-01

    We study the time evolution of two electron spin states in a double quantum-dot system, which includes a nearby quantum point contact (QPC) as a measurement device. We find that the QPC measurement induced decoherence is in the microsecond timescale. We also find that the enhanced QPC measurement will trap the system in its initial spin states, which is consistent with the quantum Zeno effect.

  10. High-spin states in the sup 9 sup 7 Tc nucleus

    CERN Document Server

    Bucurescu, D; Cata-Danil, I; Ivascu, M; Marginean, N; Rusu, C; Stroe, L; Ur, C A; Gadea, A

    2003-01-01

    High-spin states in the sup 9 sup 7 Tc nucleus have been studied by in-beam gamma-ray spectroscopy with the reaction sup 8 sup 2 Se( sup 1 sup 9 F,4n gamma) at 68 MeV incident energy. Excited states have been observed up to about 8 MeV excitation and spin 43/2 Planck constant. The observed level scheme is compared with results of shell model calculations. (orig.)

  11. Ultrafast quantum spin-state switching in the Co-octaethylporphyrin molecular magnet with a terahertz pulsed magnetic field

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farberovich, Oleg V.; Mazalova, Victoria L.

    2016-05-01

    Molecular spin crossover switches are the objects of intense theoretical and experimental studies in recent years. This interest is due to the fact that these systems allow one to control their spin state by applying an external photo-, thermo-, piezo-, or magnetic stimuli. The greatest amount of research is currently devoted to the study of the effect of the photoexcitation on the bi-stable states of spin crossover single molecular magnets (SMMs). The main limitation of photo-induced bi-stable states is their short lifetime. In this paper we present the results of a study of the spin dynamics of the Co-octaethylporphyrin (CoOEP) molecule in the Low Spin (LS) state and the High Spin (HS) state induced by applying the magnetic pulse of 36.8 T. We show that the spin switching in case of the HS state of the CoOEP molecule is characterized by a long lifetime and is dependent on the magnitude and duration of the applied field. Thus, after applying an external stimuli the system in the LS state after the spin switching reverts to its ground state, whereas the system in the HS state remains in the excited state for a long time. We found that the temperature dependency of magnetic susceptibility shows an abrupt thermal spin transition between two spin states at 40 K. Here the proposed theoretical approach opens the way to create modern devices for spintronics with the controllable spin switching process.

  12. Optical detection and ionization of donors in specific electronic and nuclear spin States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, A; Steger, M; Karaiskaj, D; Thewalt, M L W; Cardona, M; Itoh, K M; Riemann, H; Abrosimov, N V; Churbanov, M F; Gusev, A V; Bulanov, A D; Kaliteevskii, A K; Godisov, O N; Becker, P; Pohl, H-J; Ager, J W; Haller, E E

    2006-12-01

    We resolve the remarkably sharp bound exciton transitions of highly enriched 28Si using a single-frequency laser and photoluminescence excitation spectroscopy, as well as photocurrent spectroscopy. Well-resolved doublets in the spectrum of the 31P donor reflect the hyperfine coupling of the electronic and nuclear donor spins. The optical detection of the nuclear spin state, and selective pumping and ionization of donors in specific electronic and nuclear spin states, suggests a number of new possibilities which could be useful for the realization of silicon-based quantum computers.

  13. Out-of-equilibrium dynamics of photoexcited spin-state concentration waves.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marino, A; Buron-Le Cointe, M; Lorenc, M; Toupet, L; Henning, R; DiChiara, A D; Moffat, K; Bréfuel, N; Collet, E

    2015-01-01

    The spin crossover compound [FeIIH2L2-Me][PF6]2 presents a two-step phase transition. In the intermediate phase, a spin state concentration wave (SSCW) appears resulting from a symmetry breaking (cell doubling) associated with a long-range order of alternating high and low spin molecular states. By combining time-resolved optical and X-ray diffraction measurements on a single crystal, we study how such a system responds to femtosecond laser excitation and we follow in real time the erasing and rewriting of the SSCW.

  14. Steady-state spin synchronization through the collective motion of trapped ions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shankar, Athreya; Cooper, John; Bohnet, Justin G.; Bollinger, John J.; Holland, Murray

    2017-03-01

    Ultranarrow-linewidth atoms coupled to a lossy optical cavity mode synchronize, i.e., develop correlations, and exhibit steady-state superradiance when continuously repumped. This type of system displays rich collective physics and promises metrological applications. These features inspire us to investigate if analogous spin synchronization is possible in a different platform that is one of the most robust and controllable experimental testbeds currently available: ion-trap systems. We design a system with a primary and secondary species of ions that share a common set of normal modes of vibration. In analogy to the lossy optical mode, we propose to use a lossy normal mode, obtained by sympathetic cooling with the secondary species of ions, to mediate spin synchronization in the primary species of ions. Our numerical study shows that spin-spin correlations develop, leading to a macroscopic collective spin in steady state. We propose an experimental method based on Ramsey interferometry to detect signatures of this spin synchronization; we predict that correlations prolong the visibility of Ramsey fringes, and that population statistics at the end of the Ramsey sequence can be used to directly infer spin-spin correlations.

  15. Ground-State Phases of Anisotropic Mixed Diamond Chains with Spins 1 and 1/2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hida, Kazuo

    2014-11-01

    The ground-state phases of anisotropic mixed diamond chains with spins 1 and 1/2 are investigated. Both single-site and exchange anisotropies are considered. We find the phases consisting of an array of uncorrelated spin-1 clusters separated by singlet dimers. Except in the simplest case where the cluster consists of a single S = 1 spin, this type of ground state breaks the translational symmetry spontaneously. Although the mechanism leading to this type of ground state is the same as that in the isotropic case, it is nonmagnetic or paramagnetic depending on the competition between two types of anisotropy. We also find the Néel, period-doubled Néel, Haldane, and large-D phases, where the ground state is a single spin cluster of infinite size equivalent to the spin-1 Heisenberg chain with alternating anisotropies. The ground-state phase diagrams are determined for typical sets of parameters by numerical analysis. In various limiting cases, the ground-state phase diagrams are determined analytically. The low-temperature behaviors of magnetic susceptibility and entropy are investigated to distinguish each phase by observable quantities. The relationship of the present model with the anisotropic rung-alternating ladder with spin-1/2 is also discussed.

  16. Cat-state generation and stabilization for a nuclear spin through electric quadrupole interaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bulutay, Ceyhun

    2017-07-01

    Spin cat states are superpositions of two or more coherent spin states (CSSs) that are distinctly separated over the Bloch sphere. Additionally, the nuclei with angular momenta greater than 1/2 possess a quadrupolar charge distribution. At the intersection of these two phenomena, we devise a simple scheme for generating various types of nuclear-spin cat states. The native biaxial electric quadrupole interaction that is readily available in strained solid-state systems plays a key role here. However, the fact that built-in strain cannot be switched off poses a challenge for the stabilization of target cat states once they are prepared. We remedy this by abruptly diverting via a single rotation pulse the state evolution to the neighborhood of the fixed points of the underlying classical Hamiltonian flow. Optimal process parameters are obtained as a function of electric field gradient biaxiality and nuclear-spin angular momentum. The overall procedure is seen to be robust under 5% deviations from optimal values. We show that higher-level cat states with four superposed CSS can also be formed using three rotation pulses. Finally, for open systems subject to decoherence we extract the scaling of cat-state fidelity damping with respect to the spin quantum number. This reveals rates greater than the dephasing of individual CSSs. Yet, our results affirm that these cat states can preserve their fidelities for practically useful durations under the currently attainable decoherence levels.

  17. Diboson Signals via Fermi Scale Spin-One States

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Franzosi, Diogo Buarque; Frandsen, Mads T.; Sannino, Francesco

    2015-01-01

    ATLAS and CMS observe deviations from the expected background in diboson invariant mass searches of new resonances around 2 TeV. We provide a general analysis of the results in terms of spin-one resonances and find that Fermi scale composite dynamics can be the culprit. The analysis and methodolo...

  18. Linear Polarization Measurements for High-Spin States in 146Gd

    CERN Document Server

    Krishichayan,; Basu, S K; Bhowmik, R K; Chakraborty, A; Chaturvedi, L; Dhal, A; Garg, U; Ghugre, S S; Goswami, R; Jhingan, A; Madhvan, N; Rao, P V Madhusudhana; Mukhopadhyay, S; Muralithar, S; Nath, S; Pattabiraman, N S; Ray, S; Saha, S; Sarkar, M Saha; Sarkar, S; Singh, R; Singh, R P; Sinha, A K; Sinha, R K; Sugathan, P; Yogi, B K

    2013-01-01

    A {\\gamma}-ray linear polarization measurement has been performed to directly determine the parities for the levels in 146Gd nucleus. High-spin states in this nucleus were populated in a reaction 115In + 34S at 140 MeV incident energy. Linearly polarized {\\gamma} - rays emitted from oriented states were measured using a Compton polarimeter consisting of an array of 8 Compton-suppressed Clover detectors. Unambiguous assignments of the spin and parity have been made for most of the observed levels and changes made in the previously reported spin-parity assignments for a few levels. Shell model calculations performed with judicious truncation over the {\\pi}(gdsh) valence space interpret the structure of only the low-lying levels up to J{\\pi} = 19+ and 9-. N = 82 neutron-core breaking is found to be essential for high spin states with excitation energies Ex > 7 MeV.

  19. Long-distance entanglement of spin qubits via quantum Hall edge states

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Guang; Hsu, Chen-Hsuan; Stano, Peter; Klinovaja, Jelena; Loss, Daniel

    2016-02-01

    The implementation of a functional quantum computer involves entangling and coherent manipulation of a large number of qubits. For qubits based on electron spins confined in quantum dots, which are among the most investigated solid-state qubits at present, architectural challenges are often encountered in the design of quantum circuits attempting to assemble the qubits within the very limited space available. Here, we provide a solution to such challenges based on an approach to realizing entanglement of spin qubits over long distances. We show that long-range Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yosida interaction of confined electron spins can be established by quantum Hall edge states, leading to an exchange coupling of spin qubits. The coupling is anisotropic and can be either Ising type or XY type, depending on the spin polarization of the edge state. Such a property, combined with the dependence of the electron spin susceptibility on the chirality of the edge state, can be utilized to gain valuable insights into the topological nature of various quantum Hall states.

  20. Designing exotic many-body states of atomic spin and motion in photonic crystals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manzoni, Marco T.; Mathey, Ludwig; Chang, Darrick E.

    2017-01-01

    Cold atoms coupled to photonic crystals constitute an exciting platform for exploring quantum many-body physics. For example, such systems offer the potential to realize strong photon-mediated forces between atoms, which depend on the atomic internal (spin) states, and where both the motional and spin degrees of freedom can exhibit long coherence times. An intriguing question then is whether exotic phases could arise, wherein crystalline or other spatial patterns and spin correlations are fundamentally tied together, an effect that is atypical in condensed matter systems. Here, we analyse one realistic model Hamiltonian in detail. We show that this previously unexplored system exhibits a rich phase diagram of emergent orders, including spatially dimerized spin-entangled pairs, a fluid of composite particles comprised of joint spin-phonon excitations, phonon-induced Néel ordering, and a fractional magnetization plateau associated with trimer formation. PMID:28272466

  1. Designing exotic many-body states of atomic spin and motion in photonic crystals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manzoni, Marco T.; Mathey, Ludwig; Chang, Darrick E.

    2017-03-01

    Cold atoms coupled to photonic crystals constitute an exciting platform for exploring quantum many-body physics. For example, such systems offer the potential to realize strong photon-mediated forces between atoms, which depend on the atomic internal (spin) states, and where both the motional and spin degrees of freedom can exhibit long coherence times. An intriguing question then is whether exotic phases could arise, wherein crystalline or other spatial patterns and spin correlations are fundamentally tied together, an effect that is atypical in condensed matter systems. Here, we analyse one realistic model Hamiltonian in detail. We show that this previously unexplored system exhibits a rich phase diagram of emergent orders, including spatially dimerized spin-entangled pairs, a fluid of composite particles comprised of joint spin-phonon excitations, phonon-induced Néel ordering, and a fractional magnetization plateau associated with trimer formation.

  2. Emergence of nontrivial magnetic excitations in a spin-liquid state of kagomé volborthite

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watanabe, Daiki; Sugii, Kaori; Shimozawa, Masaaki; Suzuki, Yoshitaka; Yajima, Takeshi; Ishikawa, Hajime; Hiroi, Zenji; Shibauchi, Takasada; Matsuda, Yuji; Yamashita, Minoru

    2016-08-01

    When quantum fluctuations destroy underlying long-range ordered states, novel quantum states emerge. Spin-liquid (SL) states of frustrated quantum antiferromagnets, in which highly correlated spins fluctuate down to very low temperatures, are prominent examples of such quantum states. SL states often exhibit exotic physical properties, but the precise nature of the elementary excitations behind such phenomena remains entirely elusive. Here, we use thermal Hall measurements that can capture the unexplored property of the elementary excitations in SL states, and report the observation of anomalous excitations that may unveil the unique features of the SL state. Our principal finding is a negative thermal Hall conductivity κxyκxy which the charge-neutral spin excitations in a gapless SL state of the 2D kagomé insulator volborthite Cu3V2O7(OH)2ṡṡ2H2O exhibit, in much the same way in which charged electrons show the conventional electric Hall effect. We find that κxyκxy is absent in the high-temperature paramagnetic state and develops upon entering the SL state in accordance with the growth of the short-range spin correlations, demonstrating that κxyκxy is a key signature of the elementary excitation formed in the SL state. These results suggest the emergence of nontrivial elementary excitations in the gapless SL state which feel the presence of fictitious magnetic flux, whose effective Lorentz force is found to be less than 1/100 of the force experienced by free electrons.

  3. Algebraic geometry tools for the study of entanglement: an application to spin squeezed states

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernardi, Alessandra; Carusotto, Iacopo

    2012-03-01

    A short review of algebraic geometry tools for the decomposition of tensors and polynomials is given from the point of view of applications to quantum and atomic physics. Examples of application to assemblies of indistinguishable two-level bosonic atoms are discussed using modern formulations of the classical Sylvester algorithm for the decomposition of homogeneous polynomials in two variables. In particular, the symmetric rank and symmetric border rank of spin squeezed states are calculated as well as their Schrödinger-cat-like decomposition as the sum of macroscopically different coherent spin states; Fock states provide an example of states for which the symmetric rank and the symmetric border rank are different.

  4. Ground-State Analysis for an Exactly Solvable Coupled-Spin Hamiltonian

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Mattei

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available We introduce a Hamiltonian for two interacting su(2 spins. We use a mean-field analysis and exact Bethe ansatz results to investigate the ground-state properties of the system in the classical limit, defined as the limit of infinite spin (or highest weight. Complementary insights are provided through investigation of the energy gap, ground-state fidelity, and ground-state entanglement, which are numerically computed for particular parameter values. Despite the simplicity of the model, a rich array of ground-state features are uncovered. Finally, we discuss how this model may be seen as an analogue of the exactly solvable p+ip pairing Hamiltonian.

  5. The magnetic structure on the ground state of the equilateral triangular spin tube

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matsui, Kazuki; Goto, Takayuki; Manaka, Hirotaka; Miura, Yoko

    2016-12-01

    The ground state of the frustrated equilateral triangular spin tube CsCrF4 is still hidden behind a veil though NMR spectrum broaden into 2 T at low temperature. In order to investigate the spin structure in an ordered state by 19F-NMR, we have determined the anisotropic hyperfine coupling tensors for each three fluorine sites in the paramagnetic state. The measurement field was raised up to 10 T to achieve highest resolution. The preliminary analysis using the obtained hyperfine tensors has shown that the archetypal 120°-type structure in ab-plane does not accord with the NMR spectra of ordered state.

  6. Ground-State Entanglement and Mixture in an XXZ Spin Chain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Cheng-Zhi; LI Chun-Xian; GUO Guang-Can

    2005-01-01

    @@ We study the pairwise entanglement and mixture of a three-qubit XXZ spin chain in the ground state in thepresence of an external magnetic field B. The effects of the magnetic field, the anisotropy and the temperature on the entanglement and mixture are considered, and entanglement versus the mixture of all the two-spin states is investigated. We find that the maximal entangled mixed state can be obtained in the considered system by controlling the magnetic field. Our results provide another way to generate maximally entangled mixed states.

  7. Spin-helical Dirac states in graphene induced by polar-substrate surfaces with giant spin-orbit interaction: a new platform for spintronics

    OpenAIRE

    Eremeev, S. V.; I. A. Nechaev; Echenique, P. M.; Chulkov, E.V.

    2014-01-01

    Spintronics, or spin electronics, is aimed at efficient control and manipulation of spin degrees of freedom in electron systems. To comply with demands of nowaday spintronics, the studies of electron systems hosting giant spin-orbit-split electron states have become one of the most important problems providing us with a basis for desirable spintronics devices. In construction of such devices, it is also tempting to involve graphene, which has attracted great attention because of its unique an...

  8. High-fidelity transfer and storage of photon states in a single nuclear spin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Sen; Wang, Ya; Rao, D. D. Bhaktavatsala; Hien Tran, Thai; Momenzadeh, Ali S.; Markham, M.; Twitchen, D. J.; Wang, Ping; Yang, Wen; Stöhr, Rainer; Neumann, Philipp; Kosaka, Hideo; Wrachtrup, Jörg

    2016-08-01

    Long-distance quantum communication requires photons and quantum nodes that comprise qubits for interaction with light and good memory capabilities, as well as processing qubits for the storage and manipulation of photons. Owing to the unavoidable photon losses, robust quantum communication over lossy transmission channels requires quantum repeater networks. A necessary and highly demanding prerequisite for these networks is the existence of quantum memories with long coherence times to reliably store the incident photon states. Here we demonstrate the high-fidelity (˜98%) coherent transfer of a photon polarization state to a single solid-state nuclear spin that has a coherence time of over 10 s. The storage process is achieved by coherently transferring the polarization state of a photon to an entangled electron-nuclear spin state of a nitrogen-vacancy centre in diamond. The nuclear spin-based optical quantum memory demonstrated here paves the way towards an absorption-based quantum repeater network.

  9. Transport through artificial single-molecule magnets:Spin-pair state sequential tunneling and Kondo effects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Niu Peng-Bin; Wang Qiang; Nie Yi-Hang

    2013-01-01

    The transport properties of an artificial single-molecule magnet based on a CdTe quantum dot doped with a single Mn+2 ion (S =5/2) are investigated by the non-equilibrium Green function method.We consider a minimal model where the Mn-hole exchange coupling is strongly anisotropic so that spin-flip is suppressed and the impurity spin S and a hole spin s entering the quantum dot are coupled into spin pair states with (2S+ 1) sublevels.In the sequential tunneling regime,the differential conductance exhibits (2S + 1) possible peaks,corresponding to resonance tunneling via (2S + 1) sublevels.At low temperature,Kondo physics dominates transport and (2S + 1) Kondo peaks occur in the local density of states and conductance.These peaks originate from the spin-singlet state formed by the holes in the leads and on the dot via higher-order processes and are related to the parallel and antiparallel spin pair states.

  10. Diboson Signals via Fermi Scale Spin-One States

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Franzosi, Diogo Buarque; Frandsen, Mads T.; Sannino, Francesco

    2015-01-01

    ATLAS and CMS observe deviations from the expected background in diboson invariant mass searches of new resonances around 2 TeV. We provide a general analysis of the results in terms of spin-one resonances and find that Fermi scale composite dynamics can be the culprit. The analysis and methodolo...... can be employed for future searches at run two of the Large Hadron Collider....

  11. Diboson Signals via Fermi Scale Spin-One States

    CERN Document Server

    Franzosi, Diogo Buarque; Sannino, Francesco

    2015-01-01

    ATLAS and CMS observe deviations from the expected background in diboson invariant mass searches of new resonances around 2 TeV. We provide a general analysis of the results in terms of spin-one resonances and find that Fermi scale composite dynamics can be the culprit. The analysis and methodology can be employed for future searches at run two of the Large Hadron Collider.

  12. Quantum error correction in a solid-state hybrid spin register.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waldherr, G; Wang, Y; Zaiser, S; Jamali, M; Schulte-Herbrüggen, T; Abe, H; Ohshima, T; Isoya, J; Du, J F; Neumann, P; Wrachtrup, J

    2014-02-13

    Error correction is important in classical and quantum computation. Decoherence caused by the inevitable interaction of quantum bits with their environment leads to dephasing or even relaxation. Correction of the concomitant errors is therefore a fundamental requirement for scalable quantum computation. Although algorithms for error correction have been known for some time, experimental realizations are scarce. Here we show quantum error correction in a heterogeneous, solid-state spin system. We demonstrate that joint initialization, projective readout and fast local and non-local gate operations can all be achieved in diamond spin systems, even under ambient conditions. High-fidelity initialization of a whole spin register (99 per cent) and single-shot readout of multiple individual nuclear spins are achieved by using the ancillary electron spin of a nitrogen-vacancy defect. Implementation of a novel non-local gate generic to our electron-nuclear quantum register allows the preparation of entangled states of three nuclear spins, with fidelities exceeding 85 per cent. With these techniques, we demonstrate three-qubit phase-flip error correction. Using optimal control, all of the above operations achieve fidelities approaching those needed for fault-tolerant quantum operation, thus paving the way to large-scale quantum computation. Besides their use with diamond spin systems, our techniques can be used to improve scaling of quantum networks relying on phosphorus in silicon, quantum dots, silicon carbide or rare-earth ions in solids.

  13. Nonlocally sensing the magnetic states of nanoscale antiferromagnets with an atomic spin sensor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, Shichao; Malavolti, Luigi; Burgess, Jacob A. J.; Droghetti, Andrea; Rubio, Angel; Loth, Sebastian

    2017-01-01

    The ability to sense the magnetic state of individual magnetic nano-objects is a key capability for powerful applications ranging from readout of ultradense magnetic memory to the measurement of spins in complex structures with nanometer precision. Magnetic nano-objects require extremely sensitive sensors and detection methods. We create an atomic spin sensor consisting of three Fe atoms and show that it can detect nanoscale antiferromagnets through minute, surface-mediated magnetic interaction. Coupling, even to an object with no net spin and having vanishing dipolar stray field, modifies the transition matrix element between two spin states of the Fe atom–based spin sensor that changes the sensor’s spin relaxation time. The sensor can detect nanoscale antiferromagnets at up to a 3-nm distance and achieves an energy resolution of 10 μeV, surpassing the thermal limit of conventional scanning probe spectroscopy. This scheme permits simultaneous sensing of multiple antiferromagnets with a single-spin sensor integrated onto the surface. PMID:28560346

  14. Intrinsic life-time and external manipulation of Néel states in antiferromagnetic adatom spins on semiconductor surfaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jun; Liu, Bang-Gui

    2015-06-01

    It has been proposed that antiferromagnetic Fe adatom spins on semiconductor Cu-N surfaces can be used to store information (Loth et al 2012 Science 335 196). Here, we investigate spin dynamics of such antiferromagnetic systems through Monte Carlo simulations. We find out the temperature and size laws of switching rates of Néel states and show that the Néel states can become stable enough for the information storage when the number of spins reaches one or two dozens of the Fe spins. We also explore promising methods for manipulating the Néel states. These could help realize information storage with such antiferromagnetic spin systems.

  15. Spin-transfer torque and specific features of magnetic-state switching in vacuum tunnel nanostructures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Demin, G. D., E-mail: gddemin@gmail.com; Popkov, A. F.; Dyuzhev, N. A. [National Research University of Electronic Technology “MIET” (Russian Federation)

    2015-12-15

    The specific features of spin-transfer torque in vacuum tunnel structures with magnetic electrodes are investigated using the quasi-classical Sommerfeld model of electron conductivity, which takes into account the exchange splitting of the spin energy subbands of free electrons. Using the calculated voltage dependences of the transferred torques for a tunnel structure with cobalt electrodes and noncollinear magnetic moments in the electrodes, diagrams of stable spin states on the current–field parameter plane in the in-plane geometry of the initial magnetization are obtained.

  16. Spin Equilibria in Monomeric Manganocenes: Solid State Magnetic and EXAFS Studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Walter, M. D.; Sofield, C. D.; Booth, C. H.; Andersen, R. A.

    2009-02-09

    Magnetic susceptibility measurements and X-ray data confirm that tert-butyl-substituted manganocenes [(Me{sub 3}C){sub n}C{sub 5}H{sub 5?n}]{sub 2}Mn (n = 1, 2) follow the trend previously observed with the methylated manganocenes; that is, electron-donating groups attached to the Cp ring stabilize the low-spin (LS) electronic ground state relative to Cp{sub 2}Mn and exhibit higher spin-crossover (SCO) temperatures. However, introducing three CMe{sub 3} groups on each ring gives a temperature-invariant high-spin (HS) state manganocene. The origin of the high-spin state in [1,2,4-(Me{sub 3}C){sub 3}C{sub 5}H{sub 2}]{sub 2}Mn is due to the significant bulk of the [1,2,4-(Me{sub 3}C){sub 3}C{sub 5}H{sub 2}]{sup -} ligand, which is sufficient to generate severe inter-ring steric strain that prevents the realization of the low-spin state. Interestingly, the spin transition in [1,3-(Me{sub 3}C){sub 2}C{sub 5}H{sub 3}]{sub 2}Mn is accompanied by a phase transition resulting in a significant irreversible hysteresis ({Delta}T{sub c} = 16 K). This structural transition was also observed by extended X-ray absorption fine-structure (EXAFS) measurements. Magnetic susceptibility studies and X-ray diffraction data on SiMe{sub 3}-substituted manganocenes [(Me{sub 3}Si){sub n}C{sub 5}H{sub 5-n}]{sub 2}Mn (n = 1, 2, 3) show high-spin configurations in these cases. Although tetra- and hexasubstituted manganocenes are high-spin at all accessible temperatures, the disubstituted manganocenes exhibit a small low-spin admixture at low temperature. In this respect it behaves similarly to [(Me{sub 3}C)(Me{sub 3}Si)C{sub 5}H{sub 3}]{sub 2}Mn, which has a constant low-spin admixture up to 90 K and then gradually converts to high-spin. Thermal spin-trapping can be observed for [(Me{sub 3}C)(Me{sub 3}Si)C{sub 5}H{sub 3}]{sub 2}Mn on rapid cooling.

  17. Spin-Filter Effect Induced by Magnetic Edge States of Zigzag Carbon Nanotube

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIANG Zhan-Feng; LI Jian; SHEN Shun-Qing; LIU Wu-Ming

    2008-01-01

    @@ Spin-filter effect is predicted in a weak coupled junction composed of a nonmagnetic metal electrode and a zigzag carbon nanotube. This effect is induced by the magnetic edge states of the nanotube, and can produce spinpolarized current in the absence of an external magnetic field. We find that the spin polarization of the current changes its sign at the half-filling point of the nanotube, thus electric field control of spin transport can be realized. Furthermore, we find the coupling strength of the junction may cause a magnetic transition on the edge of the nanotube.

  18. Doping Induced Spin State Transition in LaCoO3: Dynamical Mean-Field Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Augustinský, P.; Křápek, V.; Kuneš, J.

    2013-06-01

    Hole and electron doped LaCoO3 is studied using dynamical mean-field theory. The one-particle spectra are analyzed and compared to the available experimental data, in particular the x-ray absorption spectra. Analyzing the temporal spin-spin correlation functions we find the atomic intermediate spin state is not important for the observed Curie-Weiss susceptibility. Contrary to the commonly held view about the roles played by the t2g and eg electrons we find narrow quasiparticle bands of t2g character crossing the Fermi level accompanied by strongly damped eg excitations.

  19. Spin-rotation symmetry breaking in the superconducting state of CuxBi2Se3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matano, K.; Kriener, M.; Segawa, K.; Ando, Y.; Zheng, Guo-Qing

    2016-09-01

    Spontaneous symmetry breaking is an important concept for understanding physics ranging from the elementary particles to states of matter. For example, the superconducting state breaks global gauge symmetry, and unconventional superconductors can break further symmetries. In particular, spin-rotational symmetry is expected to be broken in spin-triplet superconductors. However, experimental evidence for such symmetry breaking has not been conclusively obtained so far in any candidate compounds. Here, using 77Se nuclear magnetic resonance measurements, we show that spin-rotation symmetry is spontaneously broken in the hexagonal plane of the electron-doped topological insulator Cu0.3Bi2Se3 below the superconducting transition temperature Tc = 3.4 K. Our results not only establish spin-triplet superconductivity in this compound, but may also serve to lay a foundation for the research of topological superconductivity.

  20. In-beam spectroscopy of medium- and high-spin states in $^{133}$Ce

    CERN Document Server

    Ayangeakaa, A D; Petrache, C M; Guo, S; Zhao, P W; Matta, J T; Nayak, B K; Patel, D; Janssens, R V F; Carpenter, M P; Chiara, C J; Kondev, F G; Lauritsen, T; Seweryniak, D; Zhu, S; Ghugre, S S; Palit, R

    2016-01-01

    Medium and high-spin states in $^{133}$Ce were investigated using the $^{116}$Cd($^{22}$Ne, $5n$) reaction and the Gammasphere array. The level scheme was extended up to an excitation energy of $\\sim22.8$ MeV and spin 93/2 . Eleven bands of quadrupole transitions and two new dipole bands are identified. The connections to low-lying states of the previously known, high-spin triaxial bands were firmly established, thus fixing the excitation energy and, in many cases, the spin parity of the levels. Based on comparisons with cranked Nilsson-Strutinsky calculations and tilted axis cranking covariant density functional theory, it is shown that all observed bands are characterized by pronounced triaxiality. Competing multiquasiparticle configurations are found to contribute to a rich variety of collective phenomena in this nucleus.

  1. Quantum logical operations for spin 3/2 quadrupolar nuclei monitored by quantum state tomography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonk, F A; deAzevedo, E R; Sarthour, R S; Bulnes, J D; Freitas, J C C; Guimarães, A P; Oliveira, I S; Bonagamba, T J

    2005-08-01

    This article presents the realization of many self-reversible quantum logic gates using two-qubit quadrupolar spin 3/2 systems. Such operations are theoretically described using propagation matrices for the RF pulses that include the effect of the quadrupolar evolution during the pulses. Experimental demonstrations are performed using a generalized form of the recently developed method for quantum state tomography in spin 3/2 systems. By doing so, the possibility of controlling relative phases of superimposed pseudo-pure states is demonstrated. In addition, many aspects of the effect of the quadrupolar evolution, occurring during the RF pulses, on the quantum operations performance are discussed. Most of the procedures presented can be easily adapted to describe selective pulses of higher spin systems (>3/2) and for spin 1/2 under J couplings.

  2. Evaluation of ground state entanglement in spin systems with the random phase approximation

    CERN Document Server

    Matera, J M; Canosa, N

    2010-01-01

    We discuss a general treatment based on the mean field plus random phase approximation (RPA) for the evaluation of subsystem entropies and negativities in ground states of spin systems. The approach leads to a tractable general method, becoming straightforward in translationally invariant arrays. The method is examined in arrays of arbitrary spin with $XYZ$ couplings of general range in a uniform transverse field, where the RPA around both the normal and parity breaking mean field state, together with parity restoration effects, are discussed in detail. In the case of a uniformly connected $XYZ$ array of arbitrary size, the method is shown to provide simple analytic expressions for the entanglement entropy of any global bipartition, as well as for the negativity between any two subsystems, which become exact for large spin. The limit case of a spin $s$ pair is also discussed.

  3. Evaluation of ground-state entanglement in spin systems with the random phase approximation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matera, J. M.; Rossignoli, R.; Canosa, N.

    2010-11-01

    We discuss a general treatment based on the mean field plus random-phase approximation (RPA) for the evaluation of subsystem entropies and negativities in ground states of spin systems. The approach leads to a tractable general method that becomes straightforward in translationally invariant arrays. The method is examined in arrays of arbitrary spin with XYZ couplings of general range in a uniform transverse field, where the RPA around both the normal and parity-breaking mean-field state, together with parity-restoration effects, is discussed in detail. In the case of a uniformly connected XYZ array of arbitrary size, the method is shown to provide simple analytic expressions for the entanglement entropy of any global bipartition, as well as for the negativity between any two subsystems, which become exact for large spin. The limit case of a spin s pair is also discussed.

  4. Switchable Multiple Spin States in the Kondo description of Doped Molecular Magnets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ray, Rajyavardhan; Kumar, Sanjeev

    2017-01-01

    We show that introducing electrons in magnetic clusters and molecular magnets lead to rich phase diagrams with a variety of low-spin and high-spin states allowing for multiple switchability. The analysis is carried out for a quantum spin-fermion model using the exact diagonalization, and the cluster mean-field approach. The model is relevant for a number of molecular magnets with triangular motifs consisting of transition metal ions such as Cr, Cu and V. Re-entrant spin-state behavior and chirality on-off transitions exist over a wide parameter regime. A subtle competition among geometrical frustration effects, electron itinerancy, and Kondo coupling at the molecular level is highlighted. Our results demonstrate that electron doping provides a viable mean to tame the magnetic properties of molecular magnets towards potential technological applications. PMID:28176869

  5. Switchable Multiple Spin States in the Kondo description of Doped Molecular Magnets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ray, Rajyavardhan; Kumar, Sanjeev

    2017-02-01

    We show that introducing electrons in magnetic clusters and molecular magnets lead to rich phase diagrams with a variety of low-spin and high-spin states allowing for multiple switchability. The analysis is carried out for a quantum spin-fermion model using the exact diagonalization, and the cluster mean-field approach. The model is relevant for a number of molecular magnets with triangular motifs consisting of transition metal ions such as Cr, Cu and V. Re-entrant spin-state behavior and chirality on-off transitions exist over a wide parameter regime. A subtle competition among geometrical frustration effects, electron itinerancy, and Kondo coupling at the molecular level is highlighted. Our results demonstrate that electron doping provides a viable mean to tame the magnetic properties of molecular magnets towards potential technological applications.

  6. Classification of trivial spin-1 tensor network states on a square lattice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Hyunyong; Han, Jung Hoon

    2016-09-01

    Classification of possible quantum spin liquid (QSL) states of interacting spin-1/2's in two dimensions has been a fascinating topic of condensed matter for decades, resulting in enormous progress in our understanding of low-dimensional quantum matter. By contrast, relatively little work exists on the identification, let alone classification, of QSL phases for spin-1 systems in dimensions higher than one. Employing the powerful ideas of tensor network theory and its classification, we develop general methods for writing QSL wave functions of spin-1 respecting all the lattice symmetries, spin rotation, and time reversal with trivial gauge structure on the square lattice. We find 25 distinct classes characterized by five binary quantum numbers. Several explicit constructions of such wave functions are given for bond dimensions D ranging from two to four, along with thorough numerical analyses to identify their physical characters. Both gapless and gapped states are found. The topological entanglement entropy of the gapped states is close to zero, indicative of topologically trivial states. In D =4 , several different tensors can be linearly combined to produce a family of states within the same symmetry class. A rich "phase diagram" can be worked out among the phases of these tensors, as well as the phase transitions among them. Among the states we identified in this putative phase diagram is the plaquette-ordered phase, gapped resonating valence bond phase, and a critical phase. A continuous transition separates the plaquette-ordered phase from the resonating valence bond phase.

  7. Evolution of the phonon density of states of LaCoO3 over the spin state transition

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Golosova, N. O. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna, Russia; Kozlenko, D. P. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna, Russia; Kolesnikov, Alexander I [ORNL; Kazimirov, V. Yu. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna, Russia; Smirnov, M. B. [St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russia; Jirak, Z. [Institute of Physics, Czech Republic; Savenko, B. N. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna, Russia

    2011-01-01

    The phonon spectra of LaCoO3 were studied by inelastic neutron scattering in the temperature range of 4 120 K. The DFT calculations of the lattice dynamics have been made for interpretation of the experimental data. The observed and calculated phonon frequencies were found to be in a reasonable agreement. The evolution of the phonon density of states over the spin state transition was analyzed. In the low-temperature range (T < 50 K), an increase in the energy of resolved breathing, stretching, and bending phonon modes was found, followed by their softening and broadening at higher temperatures due to the spin state transition and relevant orbital-phonon coupling.

  8. Quantum annealing search of Ising spin glass ground state(s) with tunable transverse and longitudinal fields

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rajak, A.; Chakrabarti, B. K.

    2014-09-01

    Here we first discuss briefly the quantum annealing technique. We then study the quantum annealing of Sherrington-Kirkpatrick spin glass model with the tuning of both transverse and longitudinal fields. Both the fields are time-dependent and vanish adiabatically at the same time, starting from high values. We solve, for rather small systems, the time-dependent Schrodinger equation of the total Hamiltonian by employing a numerical technique. At the end of annealing we obtain the final state having high overlap with the exact ground state(s) of classical spin glass system (obtained independently).

  9. Spin-Orbit Coupling and Novel Electronic States at the Interfaces of Heavy Fermion Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-02-22

    spin-orbit coupling (SOC) may induce new electronic phases that are difficult to realize in bulk materials . With the support of this STIR grant, we have...Report: Spin-Orbit Coupling and Novel Electronic States at the Interfaces of Heavy Fermion Materials Report Title This report summarizes the progress...regime in the correlated- electron “global” phase diagram of heavy fermion materials and, in addition, paving the way for interactions between the

  10. Ground state spin 0$^+$ dominance of many-body systems with random interactions and related topics

    CERN Document Server

    Arima, A; Zhao, Y M

    2003-01-01

    In this talk we shall show our recent results in understanding the spin$^{\\rm parity}$ 0$^+$ ground state (0 g.s.) dominance of many-body systems. We propose a simple approach to predict the spin $I$ g.s. probabilities which does not require the diagonalization of a Hamiltonian with random interactions. Some findings related to the 0 g.s. dominance will also be discussed.

  11. Observation of the Quantum Zeno Effect on a Single Solid State Spin

    CERN Document Server

    Wolters, Janik; Schoenfeld, Rolf Simon; Benson, Oliver

    2013-01-01

    The quantum Zeno effect, i.e. the inhibition of coherent quantum dynamics by projective measurements is one of the most intriguing predictions of quantum mechanics. Here we experimentally demonstrate the quantum Zeno effect by inhibiting the microwave driven coherent spin dynamics between two ground state spin levels of the nitrogen vacancy center in diamond nano-crystals. Our experiments are supported by a detailed analysis of the population dynamics via a semi-classical model.

  12. Optimizing a dynamical decoupling protocol for solid-state electronic spin ensembles in diamond

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farfurnik, D.; Jarmola, A.; Pham, L. M.; Wang, Z. H.; Dobrovitski, V. V.; Walsworth, R. L.; Budker, D.; Bar-Gill, N.

    2015-08-01

    We demonstrate significant improvements of the spin coherence time of a dense ensemble of nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers in diamond through optimized dynamical decoupling (DD). Cooling the sample down to 77 K suppresses longitudinal spin relaxation T1 effects and DD microwave pulses are used to increase the transverse coherence time T2 from ˜0.7 ms up to ˜30 ms . We extend previous work of single-axis (Carr-Purcell-Meiboom-Gill) DD towards the preservation of arbitrary spin states. Following a theoretical and experimental characterization of pulse and detuning errors, we compare the performance of various DD protocols. We identify that the optimal control scheme for preserving an arbitrary spin state is a recursive protocol, the concatenated version of the XY8 pulse sequence. The improved spin coherence might have an immediate impact on improvements of the sensitivities of ac magnetometry. Moreover, the protocol can be used on denser diamond samples to increase coherence times up to NV-NV interaction time scales, a major step towards the creation of quantum collective NV spin states.

  13. Ultrafast control of nuclear spins using only microwave pulses: towards switchable solid-state quantum gates

    CERN Document Server

    Mitrikas, George; Papavassiliou, Georgios

    2009-01-01

    Since the idea of quantum information processing (QIP) fascinated the scientific community, electron and nuclear spins have been regarded as promising candidates for quantum bits (qubits). A fundamental challenge in the realization of a solid-state quantum computer is the construction of fast and reliable two-qubit quantum gates. Of particular interest in this direction are hybrid systems of electron and nuclear spins, where the two qubits are coupled through the hyperfine interaction. However, the significantly different gyromagnetic ratios of electron and nuclear spins do not allow for their coherent manipulation at the same time scale. Here we demonstrate the control of the alpha-proton nuclear spin, I=1/2, coupled to the stable radical CH(COOH)2, S=1/2, in a gamma-irradiated malonic acid single crystal using only microwave pulses. We show that, depending on the state of the electron spin (mS=+1/2 or -1/2), the nuclear spin can be locked in a desired state or oscillate between mI=+1/2 and mI=-1/2 on the na...

  14. Reversal of spin polarization in Fe/GaAs (001) driven by resonant surface states: First-principles calculations

    OpenAIRE

    Chantis, Athanasios N; Belashchenko, Kirill D.; Smith, Darryl L.; Tsymbal, Evgeny Y.; van Schilfgaarde, Mark; Albers, Robert C

    2007-01-01

    A minority-spin resonant state at the Fe/GaAs(001) interface is predicted to reverse the spin polarization with voltage bias of electrons transmitted across this interface. Using a Green's function approach within the local spin density approximation we calculate spin-dependent current in a Fe/GaAs/Cu tunnel junction as a function of applied bias voltage. We find a change in sign of the spin polarization of tunneling electrons with bias voltage due to the interface minority-spin resonance. Th...

  15. Crossover of high and low spin states in transition metal complexes

    CERN Document Server

    Raebiger, Hannes; Yasuhara, Hiroshi

    2012-01-01

    The stability of high vs. low spin states of transition metal complexes has been interpreted by ligand field theory, which is a perturbation theory of the electron-electron interaction. The present first principles calculation of a series of five cobalt complexes shows that the electron-electron interaction energy difference between the two states (i) exhibits the opposite trend to the total energy difference as the ligand nuclear charge varies, and (ii) is three or four orders of magnitude greater than the total energy difference. A new interpretation of the crossover of high and low spin states is given in terms of the chemical bonding.

  16. Isospin symmetry at high spin studied via nucleon knockout from isomeric states

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    One-neutron knockout reactions have been performed on a beam of radioactive 53Co in a high-spin isomeric state. The analysis is shown to yield highly-selective population of high-spin states in an exotic nucleus with a significant cross section, and hence represents a technique that is applicable to the planned new generation of fragmentation-based radioactive beam facilities. Additionally, the relative cross sections among the excited states can be predicted to a high level of accuracy when ...

  17. Controllable Quantum State Transfer Between a Josephson Charge Qubit and an Electronic Spin Ensemble

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, Run-Ying; Wang, Hong-Ling; Feng, Zhi-Bo

    2016-01-01

    We propose a theoretical scheme to implement controllable quantum state transfer between a superconducting charge qubit and an electronic spin ensemble of nitrogen-vacancy centers. By an electro-mechanical resonator acting as a quantum data bus, an effective interaction between the charge qubit and the spin ensemble can be achieved in the dispersive regime, by which state transfers are switchable due to the adjustable electrical coupling. With the accessible experimental parameters, we further numerically analyze the feasibility and robustness. The present scheme could provide a potential approach for transferring quantum states controllably with the hybrid system.

  18. Quantum entanglement at ambient conditions in a macroscopic solid-state spin ensemble.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klimov, Paul V; Falk, Abram L; Christle, David J; Dobrovitski, Viatcheslav V; Awschalom, David D

    2015-11-01

    Entanglement is a key resource for quantum computers, quantum-communication networks, and high-precision sensors. Macroscopic spin ensembles have been historically important in the development of quantum algorithms for these prospective technologies and remain strong candidates for implementing them today. This strength derives from their long-lived quantum coherence, strong signal, and ability to couple collectively to external degrees of freedom. Nonetheless, preparing ensembles of genuinely entangled spin states has required high magnetic fields and cryogenic temperatures or photochemical reactions. We demonstrate that entanglement can be realized in solid-state spin ensembles at ambient conditions. We use hybrid registers comprising of electron-nuclear spin pairs that are localized at color-center defects in a commercial SiC wafer. We optically initialize 10(3) identical registers in a 40-μm(3) volume (with [Formula: see text] fidelity) and deterministically prepare them into the maximally entangled Bell states (with 0.88 ± 0.07 fidelity). To verify entanglement, we develop a register-specific quantum-state tomography protocol. The entanglement of a macroscopic solid-state spin ensemble at ambient conditions represents an important step toward practical quantum technology.

  19. Spin states of zigzag-edged Mobius graphene nanoribbons from first principles

    CERN Document Server

    Jiang, De-en

    2007-01-01

    Mobius graphene nanoribbons have only one edge topologically. How the magnetic structures, previously associated with the two edges of zigzag-edged flat nanoribbons or cyclic nanorings, would change for their Mobius counterparts is an intriguing question. Using spin-polarized density functional theory, we shed light on this question. We examine spin states of zigzag-edged Mobius graphene nanoribbons (ZMGNRs) with different widths and lengths. We find a triplet ground state for a Mobius cyclacene, while the corresponding two-edged cyclacene has an open-shell singlet ground state. For wider ZMGNRs, the total magnetization of the ground state is found to increase with the ribbon length. For example, a quintet ground state is found for a ZMGNR. Local magnetic moments on the edge carbon atoms form domains of majority and minor spins along the edge. Spins at the domain boundaries are found to be frustrated. Our findings show that the Mobius topology (i.e., only one edge) causes ZMGNRs to favor one spin over the oth...

  20. STUDY OF HIGH-SPIN STATES IN EU-150 AND EU-151

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    JONGMAN, [No Value; BACELAR, JCS; VANPOL, J; NYBERG, J; SLETTEN, G; DIONISIO, JS; VIEU, C; LAGRANGE, JM; PAUTRAT, M; Urban, W

    1995-01-01

    High-spin states in Eu-150,Eu-151 were populated by the Xe-136(F-19, xn)Eu-155-xn reaction. Extensive e gamma-, gamma gamma-measurements led to new level schemes of Eu-150,Eu-151. Most observed excitations are interpreted as quasi-rotational bands built on top of multi-p-h states. Enhanced E1 decays

  1. The two spin states of an end-on copper(II)-superoxide mimic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Askari, Mohammad S; Girard, Brigitte; Murugesu, Muralee; Ottenwaelder, Xavier

    2011-07-28

    The reaction of nitrosobenzene with copper(I) complexes of a tetradentate ligand led to two novel species that are best described as copper(II) complexes of an O-bonded nitrosobenzyl radical anion, in either the singlet or the triplet spin-state. Both states were characterized by crystal structures, magnetic measurements and DFT calculations.

  2. Spin-helical Dirac states in graphene induced by polar-substrate surfaces with giant spin-orbit interaction: a new platform for spintronics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eremeev, S V; Nechaev, I A; Echenique, P M; Chulkov, E V

    2014-11-04

    Spintronics, or spin electronics, is aimed at efficient control and manipulation of spin degrees of freedom in electron systems. To comply with demands of nowaday spintronics, the studies of electron systems hosting giant spin-orbit-split electron states have become one of the most important problems providing us with a basis for desirable spintronics devices. In construction of such devices, it is also tempting to involve graphene, which has attracted great attention because of its unique and remarkable electronic properties and was recognized as a viable replacement for silicon in electronics. In this case, a challenging goal is to lift spin degeneracy of graphene Dirac states. Here, we propose a novel pathway to achieve this goal by means of coupling of graphene and polar-substrate surface states with giant Rashba-type spin-splitting. We theoretically demonstrate it by constructing the graphene@BiTeCl system, which appears to possess spin-helical graphene Dirac states caused by the strong interaction of Dirac and Rashba electrons. We anticipate that our findings will stimulate rapid growth in theoretical and experimental investigations of graphene Dirac states with real spin-momentum locking, which can revolutionize the graphene spintronics and become a reliable base for prospective spintronics applications.

  3. Spin- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy study of the Au(1 1 1) Shockley surface state

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Muntwiler, Matthias E-mail: m.muntwiler@physik.unizh.ch; Hoesch, Moritz; Petrov, Vladimir N.; Hengsberger, Matthias; Patthey, Luc; Shi Ming; Falub, Mihaela; Greber, Thomas; Osterwalder, Juerg

    2004-07-01

    The spin character of the splitting of the Shockley surface state on Au(111) is directly verified by measurements of the in-plane and out-of-plane spin polarizations in angle-resolved photoemission spectra. The two parabolic sub-bands that are momentum-shifted with respect to each other, reveal a distinct, opposite spin polarization that within the errors lies in the surface plane. The measured in-plane orientation of the spin vectors is consistent with the simple spin structure expected from a nearly-free-electron model, where the polarization axis is tangential to the Fermi surface of the surface state.

  4. Selective addressing of solid-state spins at the nanoscale via magnetic resonance frequency encoding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, H.; Arai, K.; Belthangady, C.; Jaskula, J.-C.; Walsworth, R. L.

    2017-08-01

    The nitrogen vacancy centre in diamond is a leading platform for nanoscale sensing and imaging, as well as quantum information processing in the solid state. To date, individual control of two nitrogen vacancy electronic spins at the nanoscale has been demonstrated. However, a key challenge is to scale up such control to arrays of nitrogen vacancy spins. Here, we apply nanoscale magnetic resonance frequency encoding to realize site-selective addressing and coherent control of a four-site array of nitrogen vacancy spins. Sites in the array are separated by 100 nm, with each site containing multiple nitrogen vacancies separated by 15 nm. Microcoils fabricated on the diamond chip provide electrically tuneable magnetic field gradients 0.1 G/nm. Tailored application of gradient fields and resonant microwaves allow site-selective nitrogen vacancy spin manipulation and sensing applications, including Rabi oscillations, imaging, and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy with nanoscale resolution. Microcoil-based magnetic resonance of solid-state spins provides a practical platform for quantum-assisted sensing, quantum information processing, and the study of nanoscale spin networks.

  5. Paramagnetic properties of the low- and high-spin states of yeast cytochrome c peroxidase

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vanwetswinkel, Sophie; Nuland, Nico A. J. van; Volkov, Alexander N., E-mail: ovolkov@vub.ac.be [Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Jean Jeener NMR Centre, Structural Biology Brussels (Belgium)

    2013-09-15

    Here we describe paramagnetic NMR analysis of the low- and high-spin forms of yeast cytochrome c peroxidase (CcP), a 34 kDa heme enzyme involved in hydroperoxide reduction in mitochondria. Starting from the assigned NMR spectra of a low-spin CN-bound CcP and using a strategy based on paramagnetic pseudocontact shifts, we have obtained backbone resonance assignments for the diamagnetic, iron-free protein and the high-spin, resting-state enzyme. The derived chemical shifts were further used to determine low- and high-spin magnetic susceptibility tensors and the zero-field splitting constant (D) for the high-spin CcP. The D value indicates that the latter contains a hexacoordinate heme species with a weak field ligand, such as water, in the axial position. Being one of the very few high-spin heme proteins analyzed in this fashion, the resting state CcP expands our knowledge of the heme coordination chemistry in biological systems.

  6. A state interaction spin-orbit coupling density matrix renormalization group method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sayfutyarova, Elvira R.; Chan, Garnet Kin-Lic

    2016-06-01

    We describe a state interaction spin-orbit (SISO) coupling method using density matrix renormalization group (DMRG) wavefunctions and the spin-orbit mean-field (SOMF) operator. We implement our DMRG-SISO scheme using a spin-adapted algorithm that computes transition density matrices between arbitrary matrix product states. To demonstrate the potential of the DMRG-SISO scheme we present accurate benchmark calculations for the zero-field splitting of the copper and gold atoms, comparing to earlier complete active space self-consistent-field and second-order complete active space perturbation theory results in the same basis. We also compute the effects of spin-orbit coupling on the spin-ladder of the iron-sulfur dimer complex [Fe2S2(SCH3)4]3-, determining the splitting of the lowest quartet and sextet states. We find that the magnitude of the zero-field splitting for the higher quartet and sextet states approaches a significant fraction of the Heisenberg exchange parameter.

  7. A state interaction spin-orbit coupling density matrix renormalization group method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sayfutyarova, Elvira R; Chan, Garnet Kin-Lic

    2016-06-21

    We describe a state interaction spin-orbit (SISO) coupling method using density matrix renormalization group (DMRG) wavefunctions and the spin-orbit mean-field (SOMF) operator. We implement our DMRG-SISO scheme using a spin-adapted algorithm that computes transition density matrices between arbitrary matrix product states. To demonstrate the potential of the DMRG-SISO scheme we present accurate benchmark calculations for the zero-field splitting of the copper and gold atoms, comparing to earlier complete active space self-consistent-field and second-order complete active space perturbation theory results in the same basis. We also compute the effects of spin-orbit coupling on the spin-ladder of the iron-sulfur dimer complex [Fe2S2(SCH3)4](3-), determining the splitting of the lowest quartet and sextet states. We find that the magnitude of the zero-field splitting for the higher quartet and sextet states approaches a significant fraction of the Heisenberg exchange parameter.

  8. Spin-sensitive interference due to Majorana state on the interface between normal and superconducting leads

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barański, J.; Kobiałka, A.; Domański, T.

    2017-02-01

    We investigate the subgap spectrum and transport properties of the quantum dot on the interface between the metallic and superconducting leads and additionally side-coupled to the edge of the topological superconducting (TS) chain, hosting the Majorana quasiparticle. Due to the chiral nature of the Majorana states only one spin component of the quantum dot electrons (say \\uparrow ) is directly affected, however the proximity induced on-dot pairing transmits its influence on the opposite spin as well. We investigate the unique interferometric patterns driven by the Majorana quasiparticle that are different for each spin component. We also address the spin-sensitive interplay with the Kondo effect manifested at the same zero-energy and we come to the conclusion that quantum interferometry can unambiguously identify the Majorana quasiparticle.

  9. Infinite matrix product states for long-range SU(N) spin models

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bondesan, Roberto, E-mail: Roberto.Bondesan@uni-koeln.de; Quella, Thomas, E-mail: Thomas.Quella@uni-koeln.de

    2014-09-15

    We construct 1D and 2D long-range SU(N) spin models as parent Hamiltonians associated with infinite matrix product states. The latter are constructed from correlators of primary fields in the SU(N){sub 1} WZW model. Since the resulting groundstates are of Gutzwiller–Jastrow type, our models can be regarded as lattice discretizations of fractional quantum Hall systems. We then focus on two specific types of 1D spin chains with spins located on the unit circle, a uniform and an alternating arrangement. For an equidistant distribution of identical spins we establish an explicit connection to the SU(N) Haldane–Shastry model, thereby proving that the model is critical and described by a SU(N){sub 1} WZW model. In contrast, while turning out to be critical as well, the alternating model can only be treated numerically. Our numerical results rely on a reformulation of the original problem in terms of loop models.

  10. Dynamical skyrmion state in a spin current nano-oscillator with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, R H; Lim, W L; Urazhdin, S

    2015-04-03

    We study the spectral characteristics of spin current nano-oscillators based on the Pt/[Co/Ni] magnetic multilayer with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy. By varying the applied magnetic field and current, both localized and propagating spin wave modes of the oscillation are achieved. At small fields, we observe an abrupt onset of the modulation sidebands. We use micromagnetic simulations to identify this state as a dynamical magnetic skyrmion stabilized in the active device region by spin current injection, whose current-induced dynamics is accompanied by the gyrotropic motion of the core due to the skew deflection. Our results demonstrate a practical route for controllable skyrmion manipulation by spin current in magnetic thin films.

  11. A new all-round density functional based on spin states and SN2 barriers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swart, Marcel; Solà, Miquel; Bickelhaupt, F. Matthias

    2009-09-01

    We report here a new empirical density functional that is constructed based on the performance of OPBE and PBE for spin states and SN2 reaction barriers and how these are affected by different regions of the reduced gradient expansion. In a previous study [Swart, Solà, and Bickelhaupt, J. Comput. Methods Sci. Eng. 9, 69 (2009)] we already reported how, by switching between OPBE and PBE, one could obtain both the good performance of OPBE for spin states and reaction barriers and that of PBE for weak interactions within one and the same (SSB-sw) functional. Here we fine tuned this functional and include a portion of the KT functional and Grimme's dispersion correction to account for π-π stacking. Our new SSB-D functional is found to be a clear improvement and functions very well for biological applications (hydrogen bonding, π-π stacking, spin-state splittings, accuracy of geometries, reaction barriers).

  12. Many-Body Quantum Optics with Decaying Atomic Spin States: ($\\gamma$, $\\kappa$) Dicke model

    CERN Document Server

    Gelhausen, Jan; Strack, Philipp

    2016-01-01

    We provide a theory for quantum-optical realizations of the open Dicke model with internal, atomic spin states subject to uncorrelated, single-site spontaneous emission with rate $\\gamma$. This introduces a second decay channel for excitations to irreversibly dissipate into the environment, in addition to the photon loss with rate $\\kappa$. We compute the mean-field non-equilibrium steady states for spin and photon observables in the long-time limit, $t\\rightarrow \\infty$. Although $\\gamma$ does not conserve the total angular momentum of the spin array, we argue that our solution is exact in the thermodynamic limit, for the number of atoms $N\\rightarrow \\infty$. In light of recent and upcoming experiments realizing superradiant phase transitions using internal atomic states with pinned atoms in optical lattices, our work lays the foundation for the pursuit of a new class of open quantum magnets coupled to quantum light.

  13. Evidence for spin-to-charge conversion by Rashba coupling in metallic states at the Fe/Ge(111) interface

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oyarzún, S.; Nandy, A. K.; Rortais, F.; Rojas-Sánchez, J.-C.; Dau, M.-T.; Noël, P.; Laczkowski, P.; Pouget, S.; Okuno, H.; Vila, L.; Vergnaud, C.; Beigné, C.; Marty, A.; Attané, J.-P.; Gambarelli, S.; George, J.-M.; Jaffrès, H.; Blügel, S.; Jamet, M.

    2016-12-01

    The spin-orbit coupling relating the electron spin and momentum allows for spin generation, detection and manipulation. It thus fulfils the three basic functions of the spin field-effect transistor. However, the spin Hall effect in bulk germanium is too weak to produce spin currents, whereas large Rashba effect at Ge(111) surfaces covered with heavy metals could generate spin-polarized currents. The Rashba spin splitting can actually be as large as hundreds of meV. Here we show a giant spin-to-charge conversion in metallic states at the Fe/Ge(111) interface due to the Rashba coupling. We generate very large charge currents by direct spin pumping into the interface states from 20 K to room temperature. The presence of these metallic states at the Fe/Ge(111) interface is demonstrated by first-principles electronic structure calculations. By this, we demonstrate how to take advantage of the spin-orbit coupling for the development of the spin field-effect transistor.

  14. On the truncation of the number of excited states in density functional theory sum-over-states calculations of indirect spin spin coupling constants

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zarycz, M. Natalia C., E-mail: mnzarycz@gmail.com; Provasi, Patricio F., E-mail: patricio@unne.edu.ar [Department of Physics, University of Northeastern - CONICET, Av. Libertad 5500, Corrientes W3404AAS (Argentina); Sauer, Stephan P. A., E-mail: sauer@kiku.dk [Department of Chemistry, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 5, DK-2100 Copenhagen Ø (Denmark)

    2015-12-28

    It is investigated, whether the number of excited (pseudo)states can be truncated in the sum-over-states expression for indirect spin-spin coupling constants (SSCCs), which is used in the Contributions from Localized Orbitals within the Polarization Propagator Approach and Inner Projections of the Polarization Propagator (IPPP-CLOPPA) approach to analyzing SSCCs in terms of localized orbitals. As a test set we have studied the nine simple compounds, CH{sub 4}, NH{sub 3}, H{sub 2}O, SiH{sub 4}, PH{sub 3}, SH{sub 2}, C{sub 2}H{sub 2}, C{sub 2}H{sub 4}, and C{sub 2}H{sub 6}. The excited (pseudo)states were obtained from time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) calculations with the B3LYP exchange-correlation functional and the specialized core-property basis set, aug-cc-pVTZ-J. We investigated both how the calculated coupling constants depend on the number of (pseudo)states included in the summation and whether the summation can be truncated in a systematic way at a smaller number of states and extrapolated to the total number of (pseudo)states for the given one-electron basis set. We find that this is possible and that for some of the couplings it is sufficient to include only about 30% of the excited (pseudo)states.

  15. On the truncation of the number of excited states in density functional theory sum-over-states calculations of indirect spin spin coupling constants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zarycz, M Natalia C; Provasi, Patricio F; Sauer, Stephan P A

    2015-12-28

    It is investigated, whether the number of excited (pseudo)states can be truncated in the sum-over-states expression for indirect spin-spin coupling constants (SSCCs), which is used in the Contributions from Localized Orbitals within the Polarization Propagator Approach and Inner Projections of the Polarization Propagator (IPPP-CLOPPA) approach to analyzing SSCCs in terms of localized orbitals. As a test set we have studied the nine simple compounds, CH4, NH3, H2O, SiH4, PH3, SH2, C2H2, C2H4, and C2H6. The excited (pseudo)states were obtained from time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) calculations with the B3LYP exchange-correlation functional and the specialized core-property basis set, aug-cc-pVTZ-J. We investigated both how the calculated coupling constants depend on the number of (pseudo)states included in the summation and whether the summation can be truncated in a systematic way at a smaller number of states and extrapolated to the total number of (pseudo)states for the given one-electron basis set. We find that this is possible and that for some of the couplings it is sufficient to include only about 30% of the excited (pseudo)states.

  16. Direct measurement of the low-temperature spin-state transition in LaCoO3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klie, R F; Zheng, J C; Zhu, Y; Varela, M; Wu, J; Leighton, C

    2007-07-27

    LaCoO3 exhibits an anomaly in its magnetic susceptibility around 80 K associated with a thermally excited transition of the Co3+-ion spin. We show that electron energy-loss spectroscopy is sensitive to this Co3+-ion spin-state transition, and that the O K edge prepeak provides a direct measure of the Co3+ spin state in LaCoO3 as a function of temperature. Our experimental results are confirmed by first-principles calculations, and we conclude that the thermally excited spin-state transition occurs from a low to an intermediate spin state, which can be distinguished from the high-spin state.

  17. Quantum model of a solid-state spin qubit: Ni cluster on a silicon surface by the generalized spin Hamiltonian and X-ray absorption spectroscopy investigations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Farberovich, Oleg V. [School of Physics and Astronomy, Beverly and Raymond Sackler Faculty of Exact Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978 (Israel); Research Center for Nanoscale Structure of Matter, Southern Federal University, Zorge 5, 344090 Rostov-on-Don (Russian Federation); Voronezh State University, Voronezh 394000 (Russian Federation); Mazalova, Victoria L., E-mail: mazalova@sfedu.ru [Research Center for Nanoscale Structure of Matter, Southern Federal University, Zorge 5, 344090 Rostov-on-Don (Russian Federation); Soldatov, Alexander V. [Research Center for Nanoscale Structure of Matter, Southern Federal University, Zorge 5, 344090 Rostov-on-Don (Russian Federation)

    2015-11-15

    We present here the quantum model of a Ni solid-state electron spin qubit on a silicon surface with the use of a density-functional scheme for the calculation of the exchange integrals in the non-collinear spin configurations in the generalized spin Hamiltonian (GSH) with the anisotropic exchange coupling parameters linking the nickel ions with a silicon substrate. In this model the interaction of a spin qubit with substrate is considered in GSH at the calculation of exchange integrals J{sub ij} of the nanosystem Ni{sub 7}–Si in the one-electron approach taking into account chemical bonds of all Si-atoms of a substrate (environment) with atoms of the Ni{sub 7}-cluster. The energy pattern was found from the effective GSH Hamiltonian acting in the restricted spin space of the Ni ions by the application of the irreducible tensor operators (ITO) technique. In this paper we offer the model of the quantum solid-state N-spin qubit based on the studying of the spin structure and the spin-dynamics simulations of the 3d-metal Ni clusters on the silicon surface. The solution of the problem of the entanglement between spin states in the N-spin systems is becoming more interesting when considering clusters or molecules with a spectral gap in their density of states. For quantifying the distribution of the entanglement between the individual spin eigenvalues (modes) in the spin structure of the N-spin system we use the density of entanglement (DOE). In this study we have developed and used the advanced high-precision numerical techniques to accurately assess the details of the decoherence process governing the dynamics of the N-spin qubits interacting with a silicon surface. We have studied the Rabi oscillations to evaluate the N-spin qubits system as a function of the time and the magnetic field. We have observed the stabilized Rabi oscillations and have stabilized the quantum dynamical qubit state and Rabi driving after a fixed time (0.327 μs). The comparison of the energy

  18. Shape evolution at high spin states in Kr and Br isotopes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Trivedi, T. [Department of Pure and Physics, Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyalaya, Bilaspur-495009 (India); Palit, R.; Naik, Z.; Jain, H. C. [Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai-400005 (India); Negi, D.; Kumar, R.; Singh, R. P.; Muralithar, S.; Pancholi, S. C.; Bhowmik, R. K. [Inter University Accelerator Centre, New Delhi-110067 (India); Yang, Y.-C.; Sun, Y. [Department of Physics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Sheikh, J. A. [Department of Physics, University of Kashmir, Srinagar 190 006 (India); Raja, M. K. [Department of Nuclear Physics, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam-530003 (India); Kumar, S. [Department of Physics and Astrophysics, University of Delhi, Delhi-110007 (India); Choudhury, D. [Department of Physics, IIT Roorkee, Roorkee-247667 (India); Jain, A. K.; Mehrotra, I. [Department of Physics, University of Allahabad, Allahabad-211001 (India)

    2014-08-14

    The high spin states in A = 75, Kr and Br isotopes have been populated via fusion-evaporation reaction at an incident beam energy of 90 MeV. The de-exciting γ-rays were detected utilizing the Indian National Gamma Array (INGA). Lifetime of these excited high spin states were determined by Doppler-shift attenuation method. Experimental results obtained from lifetime measurement are interpreted in the frame work of projected shell-model to get better insight into the evolution of collectivity. Comparison of the calculations of the model with transitional quadrupole moments Q{sub t} of the positive and negative parity bands firmly established their configurations.

  19. High-spin states in the vibrational nucleus {sup 114}Cd

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jungclaus, A. [Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, E-28049, Madrid (Spain); Instituto de Estructura de la Materia, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, E-28006, Madrid (Spain); Algora, A. [IFIC-Universidad de Valencia, E-46071, Valencia (Spain); Axiotis, M.; Gadea, A.; Martinez, T.; Napoli, D.R. [INFN, Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro, I-35020, Legnaro (Italy); Borge, M.J.G.; Piqueras, I. [Instituto de Estructura de la Materia, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, E-28006, Madrid (Spain); Fernandez, M.A. [Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, E-28049, Madrid (Spain); Galindo, E.; Hausmann, M. [II. Physikalisches Institut, Universitaet Goettingen, D-37073, Goettingen (Germany); Lenzi, S.; Ur, C. [Dipartimento di Fisica dell' Universita and INFN, Sezione di Padova, I-35131, Padova (Italy); Schwengner, R. [Institut fuer Kern- und Hadronenphysik, Forschungszentrum Rossendorf, D-01314, Dresden (Germany)

    2004-04-01

    High-spin states of the neutron-rich vibrational nucleus {sup 114}Cd have been studied using the incomplete fusion reaction {sup 110}Pd({sup 7}Li,p2n) and the GASP spectrometer in conjunction with the ISIS Si ball. About 50 new states with excitation energies up to 7 MeV and angular momentum I {<=}(18 +) were observed and for many of them, spin and parity could be firmly assigned. The band-like structures in {sup 114}Cd are compared to the corresponding ones in the even-even neighbour {sup 112}Cd. (orig.)

  20. Paramagnetic NMR chemical shift in a spin state subject to zero-field splitting

    CERN Document Server

    Soncini, Alessandro

    2012-01-01

    We derive a general formula for the paramagnetic NMR nuclear shielding tensor of an open-shell molecule in a pure spin state, subject to a zero-field splitting (ZFS). Our findings are in contradiction with a previous proposal. We present a simple application of the newly derived formula to the case of a triplet ground state split by an easy-plane ZFS spin Hamiltonian. When $kT$ is much smaller than the ZFS gap, thus a single non-degenerate level is thermally populated, our approach correctly predicts a temperature-independent paramagnetic shift, while the previous theory leads to a Curie temperature dependence.

  1. IBFA description of high-spin positive-parity states in Rh isotopes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bucurescu, D.; Cǎta, G.; Cutoiu, D.; Constantinescu, G.; Ivascu, M.; Zamfir, N. V.

    1985-09-01

    Properties of the odd-mass Rh isotopes are investigated in the framework of the interacting boson-fermion approximation (IBFA) model in which the odd proton movea in the 1 g{9}/{2} and 2 d{5}/{2} orbitals. Lifetimes of some high-spin positive-parity states in 99Rh obtained by the recoil-distance method with the 88Sr( 14N, 3n) reaction are also reported. Calculated excitation energies and electromagnetic properties of the high-spin positive-parity states are compared with experiment and an acceptable agreement is obtained.

  2. IBFA description of high-spin positive-parity states in Rh isotopes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bucurescu, D.; Cata, G.; Cutoiu, D.; Constantinescu, G.; Ivascu, M.; Zamfir, N.V.

    1985-09-30

    Properties of the odd-mass Rh isotopes are investigated in the framework of the interacting boson-fermion approximation (IBFA) model in which the odd proton moves in the 1gsub(9/2) and 2dsub(5/2) orbitals. Lifetimes of some high-spin positive-parity states in /sup 99/Rh obtained by the recoil-distance method with the /sup 88/Sr(/sup 14/N,3n) reaction are also reported. Calculated excitation energies and electromagnetic properties of the high-spin positive-parity states are compared with experiment and an acceptable agreement is obtained.

  3. Spin filling of valley-orbit states in a silicon quantum dot.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lim, W H; Yang, C H; Zwanenburg, F A; Dzurak, A S

    2011-08-19

    We report the demonstration of a low-disorder silicon metal-oxide-semiconductor (Si MOS) quantum dot containing a tunable number of electrons from zero to N = 27. The observed evolution of addition energies with parallel magnetic field reveals the spin filling of electrons into valley-orbit states. We find a splitting of 0.10 meV between the ground and first excited states, consistent with theory and placing a lower bound on the valley splitting. Our results provide optimism for the realisation in the near future of spin qubits based on silicon quantum dots.

  4. Realizing Tao-Thouless-like state in fractional quantum spin Hall effect

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Chen-Rong; Guo, Yao-Wu; Li, Zhuo-Jun; Li, Wei; Chen, Yan

    2016-09-01

    The quest for exotic quantum states of matter has become one of the most challenging tasks in modern condensed matter communications. Interplay between topology and strong electron-electron interactions leads to lots of fascinating effects since the discovery of the fractional quantum Hall effect. Here, we theoretically study the Rashba-type spin-orbit coupling effect on a fractional quantum spin Hall system by means of finite size exact diagonalization. Numerical evidences from the ground degeneracies, states evolutions, entanglement spectra, and static structure factor calculations demonstrate that non-trivial fractional topological Tao-Thouless-like quantum state can be realized in the fractional quantum spin Hall effect in a thin torus geometric structure by tuning the strength of spin-orbit coupling. Furthermore, the experimental realization of the Tao-Thouless-like state as well as its evolution in optical lattices are also proposed. The importance of this prediction provides significant insight into the realization of exotic topological quantum states in optical lattice, and also opens a route for exploring the exotic quantum states in condensed matters in future.

  5. Realizing Tao-Thouless-like state in fractional quantum spin Hall effect.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Chen-Rong; Guo, Yao-Wu; Li, Zhuo-Jun; Li, Wei; Chen, Yan

    2016-09-21

    The quest for exotic quantum states of matter has become one of the most challenging tasks in modern condensed matter communications. Interplay between topology and strong electron-electron interactions leads to lots of fascinating effects since the discovery of the fractional quantum Hall effect. Here, we theoretically study the Rashba-type spin-orbit coupling effect on a fractional quantum spin Hall system by means of finite size exact diagonalization. Numerical evidences from the ground degeneracies, states evolutions, entanglement spectra, and static structure factor calculations demonstrate that non-trivial fractional topological Tao-Thouless-like quantum state can be realized in the fractional quantum spin Hall effect in a thin torus geometric structure by tuning the strength of spin-orbit coupling. Furthermore, the experimental realization of the Tao-Thouless-like state as well as its evolution in optical lattices are also proposed. The importance of this prediction provides significant insight into the realization of exotic topological quantum states in optical lattice, and also opens a route for exploring the exotic quantum states in condensed matters in future.

  6. The Quantum Mixed-Spin Heme State of Barley Peroxidase: A Paradigm for Class III Peroxidases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Howes, B.D.; Ma, J.; Marzocchi, M.P.; Schiodt, C.B.; Shelnutt, J.A.; Smulevich, G.; Welinder, K.G.; Zhang, J.

    1999-03-23

    Electronic absorption and resonance Raman (RR) spectra of the ferric form of barley grain peroxidase (BP 1) at various pH values both at room temperature and 20 K are . reported, together with EPR spectra at 10 K. The ferrous forms and the ferric complex with fluoride have also been studied. A quantum mechanically mixed-spin (QS) state has been identified. The QS heme species co-exists with 6- and 5-cHS heroes; the relative populations of these three spin states are found to be dependent on pH and temperature. However, the QS species remains in all cases the dominant heme spin species. Barley peroxidase appears to be further characterized by a splitting of the two vinyl stretching modes, indicating that the vinyl groups are differently conjugated with the porphyrin. An analysis of the presently available spectroscopic data for proteins from all three peroxidase classes suggests that the simultaneous occurrence of the QS heme state as well as the splitting of the two vinyl stretching modes is confined to class III enzymes. The former point is discussed in terms of the possible influences of heme deformations on heme spin state. It is found that moderate saddling alone is probably not enough to cause the QS state, although some saddling maybe necessary for the QS state.

  7. Interpreting current-induced spin polarization in topological insulator surface states

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Pengke; Appelbaum, Ian

    2016-06-01

    Several recent experiments on three-dimensional topological insulators claim to observe a large charge current-induced nonequilibrium ensemble spin polarization of electrons in the helical surface state. We present a comprehensive criticism of such claims, using both theory and experiment: First, we clarify the interpretation of quantities extracted from these measurements by deriving standard expressions from a Boltzmann transport equation approach in the relaxation-time approximation at zero and finite temperature to emphasize our assertion that, despite high in-plane spin projection, obtainable current-induced ensemble spin polarization is minuscule. Second, we use a simple experiment to demonstrate that magnetic field-dependent open-circuit voltage hysteresis (identical to those attributed to current-induced spin polarization in topological insulator surface states) can be generated in analogous devices where current is driven through thin films of a topologically trivial metal. This result ipso facto discredits the naive interpretation of previous experiments with TIs, which were used to claim observation of helicity, i.e., spin-momentum locking in the topologically protected surface state.

  8. Electric-field induced spin accumulation in the Landau level states of topological insulator thin films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siu, Zhuo Bin; Chowdhury, Debashree; Basu, Banasri; Jalil, Mansoor B. A.

    2017-08-01

    A topological insulator (TI) thin film differs from the more typically studied thick TI system in that the former has both a top and a bottom surface where the states localized at both surfaces can couple to one other across the finite thickness. An out-of-plane magnetic field leads to the formation of discrete Landau level states in the system, whereas an in-plane magnetization breaks the angular momentum symmetry of the system. In this work, we study the spin accumulation induced by the application of an in-plane electric field to the TI thin film system where the Landau level states and inter-surface coupling are simultaneously present. We show, via Kubo formula calculations, that the in-plane spin accumulation perpendicular to the magnetization due to the electric field vanishes for a TI thin film with symmetric top and bottom surfaces. A finite in-plane spin accumulation perpendicular to both the electric field and magnetization emerges upon applying either a differential magnetization coupling or a potential difference between the two film surfaces. This spin accumulation results from the breaking of the antisymmetry of the spin accumulation around the k-space equal-energy contours.

  9. High-Spin Isomeric States in Nuclear Reactions Induced by He Isotopes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chuvilskaya, Tatjana; Shirokova, Alla

    2010-11-01

    The high-spin states production in nuclear reactions is reviewed. The analysis of various experiments, our estimates and calculations reveal that in different compound nucleus energy regions maximal relative yield of high-spin states can be realized by different projectiles: at low energies -- by neutrons, in ˜ 20 -- 50 MeV region -- by α-particles, at higher energies -- by heavy ions. It was predicted [1] that there are energy ranges in which neutron-rich radioactive ions (^6,8He, for example) are favorable. σm/σg (the ratio between the yields of high-spin Jm and low-spin Jg metastable states of a nucleus in one and the same reaction) e.g. the isomeric cross-section ratio is a very good indicator of high-spin states production capability of a nuclear reaction. These experiments demonstrate that maximal values of isomeric cross-section ratios (up to 30) are obtained in α-particle induced reactions. Experiment with ^6He beam [2] confirms the predictions of the work [1] concerning the prospects of neutron-rich radioactive-ion beams in high-spin states population. The results of calculations of the isomeric cross section ratios using the code EMPIRE-II-18 approach to statistical theory of nuclear reactions demonstrate rather good agreement with the experimental data. Due to that these prediction power of these calculation is confirmed. The results of widespread calculations of the isomeric cross-section ratios of the reactions with ^6,8He are presented. [1] T.V.Chvilskaya et al., AIP-Conference Proceedings ENAM-98 1998. V. 455. P. 482. [2] P.A.DeYoung et al., Phys.Rev.C. 2000. V. 62. P.047601.

  10. Equation of State of Spin-polarized Neutron Matter and Three-body Effect

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZuoWei

    2003-01-01

    Within the spin-dependent Brueckner-Hartree-Fock (BHF) framework, the equation of state of the spinpolarized neutron matter has been investigated by adopting the realistic nucleon-nucleon interaction supplemented with a microscopic three-body force. The three-body force has been turn out to be crucial for reproducing the empirical saturation properties of nuclear matter in a non-relativistic microscopic approach[2] such as BHF. The related physical quantities such as spin-symmetry energy, magnetic susceptibility, have been extracted. The three-body force effects have been studied and discussed with a special attention. It is found that in the whole range of spin-polarization, the cnergy per particle of spin-polarized neutron matter fulfills a quadratic relation versus the spin-polarization parameter. The calculated spin-symmetry energies as a function of densityare shown in Fig.l, where the solid curve is obtained by using the AVis two-body force plus the three-body force and the dashed curve is the result by adopting the pure AVis two-body force.

  11. Four-state non-volatile memory in a multiferroic spin filter tunnel junction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruan, Jieji; Li, Chen; Yuan, Zhoushen; Wang, Peng; Li, Aidong; Wu, Di

    2016-12-01

    We report a spin filter type multiferroic tunnel junction with a ferromagnetic/ferroelectric bilayer barrier. Memory functions of a spin filter magnetic tunnel junction and a ferroelectric tunnel junction are combined in this single device, producing four non-volatile resistive states that can be read out in a non-destructive manner. This concept is demonstrated in a LaNiO3/Pr0.8Ca0.2MnO3/BaTiO3/La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 all-oxide tunnel junction. The ferromagnetic insulator Pr0.8Ca0.2MnO3 serves as the spin filter and the ferromagnetic metal La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 is the spin analyzer. The ferroelectric polarization reversal in the BaTiO3 barrier switches the tunneling barrier height to produce a tunneling electroresistance. The ferroelectric switching also modulates the spin polarization and the spin filtering efficiency in Pr0.8Ca0.2MnO3.

  12. Application Of Density Matrix Methods To Quadrupolar Spins In Solid State Nmr And Nqr

    CERN Document Server

    Ageev, S Z

    1997-01-01

    Spin dynamics in solid state NMR and NQR are studied using spin density matrix theory. First, the response of spin 7/2 subject to the first order quadrupolar interaction, excited by one and two pulse sequences is examined. Specific pulse sequences with appropriate phase cycling designed for detection of MQ coherences developed during the first pulse are calculated analytically. The results are applied to the determination of quadrupolar parameters and true chemical shifts utilizing a 1D nutation experiment. Solomon echoes under soft pulse excitation are also considered for spin 7/2. Second, analytical solutions of off-resonance nutation line intensities for spin 3/2 are presented. The first order quadrupolar interaction is retained during the pulse. The third case puts forward a new theory of composite pulses in NQR. Shaped pulses are also considered. The calculation is valid for a non-zero asymmetry parameter and arbitrary orientation of the rf field. The results are generalized for half integer spins of mag...

  13. Quantum State Transfer from a Single Photon to a Distant Quantum-Dot Electron Spin

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Yu; He, Yu-Ming; Wei, Yu-Jia; Jiang, Xiao; Chen, Kai; Lu, Chao-Yang; Pan, Jian-Wei; Schneider, Christian; Kamp, Martin; Höfling, Sven

    2017-08-01

    Quantum state transfer from flying photons to stationary matter qubits is an important element in the realization of quantum networks. Self-assembled semiconductor quantum dots provide a promising solid-state platform hosting both single photon and spin, with an inherent light-matter interface. Here, we develop a method to coherently and actively control the single-photon frequency bins in superposition using electro-optic modulators, and measure the spin-photon entanglement with a fidelity of 0.796 ±0.020 . Further, by Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger-type state projection on the frequency, path, and polarization degrees of freedom of a single photon, we demonstrate quantum state transfer from a single photon to a single electron spin confined in an InGaAs quantum dot, separated by 5 m. The quantum state mapping from the photon's polarization to the electron's spin is demonstrated along three different axes on the Bloch sphere, with an average fidelity of 78.5%.

  14. Quantum State Transfer from a Single Photon to a Distant Quantum-Dot Electron Spin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Yu; He, Yu-Ming; Wei, Yu-Jia; Jiang, Xiao; Chen, Kai; Lu, Chao-Yang; Pan, Jian-Wei; Schneider, Christian; Kamp, Martin; Höfling, Sven

    2017-08-11

    Quantum state transfer from flying photons to stationary matter qubits is an important element in the realization of quantum networks. Self-assembled semiconductor quantum dots provide a promising solid-state platform hosting both single photon and spin, with an inherent light-matter interface. Here, we develop a method to coherently and actively control the single-photon frequency bins in superposition using electro-optic modulators, and measure the spin-photon entanglement with a fidelity of 0.796±0.020. Further, by Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger-type state projection on the frequency, path, and polarization degrees of freedom of a single photon, we demonstrate quantum state transfer from a single photon to a single electron spin confined in an InGaAs quantum dot, separated by 5 m. The quantum state mapping from the photon's polarization to the electron's spin is demonstrated along three different axes on the Bloch sphere, with an average fidelity of 78.5%.

  15. Spin-Ice State of the Quantum Heisenberg Antiferromagnet on the Pyrochlore Lattice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Yuan; Chen, Kun; Deng, Youjin; Prokof'ev, Nikolay; Svistunov, Boris

    2016-04-01

    We study the low-temperature physics of the SU(2)-symmetric spin-1 /2 Heisenberg antiferromagnet on a pyrochlore lattice and find "fingerprint" evidence for the thermal spin-ice state in this frustrated quantum magnet. Our conclusions are based on the results of bold diagrammatic Monte Carlo simulations, with good convergence of the skeleton series down to the temperature T /J =1 /6 . The identification of the spin-ice state is done through a remarkably accurate microscopic correspondence for the static structure factor between the quantum Heisenberg, classical Heisenberg, and Ising models at all accessible temperatures, and the characteristic bowtie pattern with pinch points observed at T /J =1 /6 . The dynamic structure factor at real frequencies (obtained by the analytic continuation of numerical data) is consistent with diffusive spinon dynamics at the pinch points.

  16. Spin-Ice State of the Quantum Heisenberg Antiferromagnet on the Pyrochlore Lattice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Yuan; Chen, Kun; Deng, Youjin; Prokof'ev, Nikolay; Svistunov, Boris

    2016-04-29

    We study the low-temperature physics of the SU(2)-symmetric spin-1/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnet on a pyrochlore lattice and find "fingerprint" evidence for the thermal spin-ice state in this frustrated quantum magnet. Our conclusions are based on the results of bold diagrammatic Monte Carlo simulations, with good convergence of the skeleton series down to the temperature T/J=1/6. The identification of the spin-ice state is done through a remarkably accurate microscopic correspondence for the static structure factor between the quantum Heisenberg, classical Heisenberg, and Ising models at all accessible temperatures, and the characteristic bowtie pattern with pinch points observed at T/J=1/6. The dynamic structure factor at real frequencies (obtained by the analytic continuation of numerical data) is consistent with diffusive spinon dynamics at the pinch points.

  17. Renormalization of spin polarized itinerant electron bands in the normal state of a model ferromagnetic superconductor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ma Lei; Huang Ai-Qun; Li Jun

    2011-01-01

    This paper studies the normal state properties of itinerant electrons in a toy model, which is constructed according to the model for coexisting ferromagnetism and superconductivity proposed by Suhl [Suhl H 2001 Phys. Rev. Lett. 87 167007]. In this theory with ferromagnetic ordering based on localized spins, the exchange interaction J between conduction electrons and localized spin is taken as the pairing glue for s-wave superconductivity. It shows that this J term will first renormalize the normal state single conduction electron structures substantially. It finds dramatically enhanced or suppressed magnetization of itinerant electrons for positive or negative J. Singlet Cooper pairing can be ruled out due to strong spin polarisation in the J > 0 case while a narrow window for s-wave superconductivity is opened around some ferromagnetic J.

  18. State diagram of spin-torque oscillator with perpendicular reference layer and planar field generation layer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mengwei Zhang

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The state diagram of spin-torque oscillator (STO with perpendicular reference layer (REF and planar field generation layer (FGL was studied by a macrospin model and a micro-magnetic model. The state diagrams are calculated versus the current density, external field and external field angle. It was found that the oscillation in FGL could be controlled by current density combined with external field so as to achieve a wide frequency range. An optimized current and applied field region was given for microwave assisted magnetic recording (MAMR, considering both frequency and output field oscillation amplitude. The results of the macro-spin model were compared with those of the micro-magnetic model. The macro-spin model was qualitatively different from micro-magnetics and experimental results when the current density was large and the FGL was non-uniform.

  19. Optical pumping and population transfer of nuclear-spin states of caesium atoms in high magnetic fields

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Luo Jun; Sun Xian-Ping; Zeng Xi-Zhi; Zhan Ming-Sheng

    2007-01-01

    Nuclear-spin states of gaseous-state Cs atoms in the ground state are optically manipulated using a Ti:sapphire laser in a magnetic field of 1.516 T, in which optical coupling of the nuclear-spin states is achieved through hyperfine interactions between electrons and nuclei. The steady-state population distribution in the hyperfine Zeeman sublevels of the ground state is detected by using a tunable diode laser. Furthermore, the state population transfer among the of Cs in the ground state due to stochastic collisions between Cs atoms and buffer-gas molecules, is studied at different of the hyperfine interaction can strongly cause the state population transfer and spin-state interchange among the hyperfine Zeeman sublevels. The calculated results maybe explain the steady-state population in hyperfine Zeeman sublevels in terms of rates of optical-pumping, electron-spin flip, nuclear spin flip, and electron-nuclear spin flip-flop transitions among the hyperfine Zeeman sublevels of the ground state of Cs atoms. This method may be applied to the nuclear-spin-based solid-state quantum computation.

  20. Spin-helix states in the XXZ spin chain with strong boundary dissipation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Popkov, Vladislav; Schmidt, Johannes; Presilla, Carlo

    2017-10-01

    We investigate the non-equilibrium steady state (NESS) in an open quantum XXZ chain attached at the ends to polarization baths with unequal polarizations. Using the general theory developed in Popkov (2017 Phys. Rev. A 95 052131), we show that in the critical XXZ \

  1. Tunable self-assembled spin chains of strongly interacting cold atoms for demonstration of reliable quantum state transfer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Loft, N. J. S.; Marchukov, O. V.; Petrosyan, D.

    2016-01-01

    We have developed an efficient computational method to treat long, one-dimensional systems of strongly-interacting atoms forming self-assembled spin chains. Such systems can be used to realize many spin chain model Hamiltonians tunable by the external confining potential. As a concrete...... demonstration, we consider quantum state transfer in a Heisenberg spin chain and we show how to determine the confining potential in order to obtain nearly-perfect state transfer....

  2. Spin wave surface states in one-dimensional planar magnonic crystals

    CERN Document Server

    Rychły, Justyna

    2016-01-01

    We have investigated surface spin wave states in one-dimensional planar bi-component magnonic crystals, localized on the surfaces resulting from the breaking of the periodic structure. The two systems have been considered: the magnonic crystal with periodic changes of the anisotropy field in exchange regime and the magnonic crystal composed of Fe and Ni stripes in dipolar regime with exchange interactions included. We chose the symmetric unit cell for both systems to implement the symmetry related criteria for existence of the surface states. We investigated also the surface states induced by the presence of perturbation of the surface areas of the magnonic crystals. We showed, that the system with modulated anisotropy is a direct analog of the electronic crystal. Therefore, the surface states in both systems have the same properties. For surface states existing in magnonic crystals in dipolar regime we demonstrated that spin waves preserve distinct differences to the electronic crystals, which are due to lon...

  3. Probing iron spin state by optical absorption in laser-heated diamond anvil cell

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lobanov, S.; Goncharov, A. F.; Holtgrewe, N.; Lin, J. F.

    2015-12-01

    Pressure-induced spin-pairing transitions in iron-bearing minerals have been in the focus of geophysical studies1. Modern consensus is that iron spin state in the lower mantle is a complex function of crystal structure, composition, pressure, and temperature. Discontinuities in physical properties of lower mantle minerals have been revealed over the spin transition pressure range, but at room temperature. In this work, we have used a supercontinuum laser source and an intensified CCD camera to probe optical properties of siderite, FeCO3, and post-perovskite, Mg0.9Fe0.1SiO3, across the spin transition in laser-heated diamond anvil cell. Synchronously gating the CCD with the supercontinuum pulses (Fig. 1A) allowed diminishing thermal background to ~8.3*10-4. Utilizing the experimental setup we infer the spin state of ferrous iron in siderite at high pressure and temperature conditions (Fig. 1B). Similar behavior is observed for low spin ferric iron in post-perovskite at 130 GPa indicating that all iron in post-perovskite is high spin at lower mantle conditions. Also, our experimental setup holds promise for measuring radiative thermal conductivity of mantle minerals at relevant mantle conditions. Figure 1. (A) Timing of the optical absorption measurements at high temperature. (B) High temperature siderite absorption spectra at 45 GPa. Before heating and quenched after 1300 K spectra are shown in light and dark blue, respectively. Green and red curves are absorption spectra at 1200 K and 1300 K, respectively. Spectra shown in black represent room temperature absorption data on HS (43 GPa) and LS (45.5 GPa) siderite after Lobanov et al., 2015, shown for comparison.

  4. Investigation of high-spin states in 53Fe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    du Rietz, R.; Williams, S.J.; Rudolph, D.; Ekman, J.; Fahlander,C.; Andreoiu, C.; Axiotis, M.; Bentley, M.A.; Carpenter, M.P.; Chandler,C.; Charity, R.J.; Clark, R.M.; Cromaz, M.; Dewald, A.; de Angelis, G.; Della Vedova, F.; Fallon, P.; Gadea, A.; Hammond, G.; Ideguchi, E.; Lenzi, S.M.; Macchiavelli, A.O.; Marginean, N.; Mineva, M.N.; Moller, O.; DNapoli, .R.; Nespolo, M.; Reviol, W.; Rusu, C.; Saha, B.; Sarantites,D.G.; Seweryniak, D.; Tonev, D.; Ur, C.A.

    2006-04-15

    The fusion-evaporation reactions 28Si(32S,1{alpha}2p1n)53Fe at 125 MeV and 24Mg(32S,2p1n)53Fe at a 95-MeV beam energy were used to investigate excited states in 53Fe. The combination of the Gammasphere Ge detector array and ancillary devices led to the construction of an extensive level scheme comprising some 90 transitions connecting 40 states. The lifetime of the yrast 25/2- state and upper limits for the lifetimes of a number of additional states were determined using the Cologne plunger device coupled to the GASP {gamma}-ray spectrometer. The experimental results are compared to large-scale shell-model calculations using different sets of two-body matrix elements. In particular, predictions on electromagnetic decay properties such as lifetimes, branching ratios, and mixing ratios are studied in detail.

  5. Design of defect spins in piezoelectric aluminum nitride for solid-state hybrid quantum technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seo, Hosung; Govoni, Marco; Galli, Giulia

    2016-02-01

    Spin defects in wide-band gap semiconductors are promising systems for the realization of quantum bits, or qubits, in solid-state environments. To date, defect qubits have only been realized in materials with strong covalent bonds. Here, we introduce a strain-driven scheme to rationally design defect spins in functional ionic crystals, which may operate as potential qubits. In particular, using a combination of state-of-the-art ab-initio calculations based on hybrid density functional and many-body perturbation theory, we predicted that the negatively charged nitrogen vacancy center in piezoelectric aluminum nitride exhibits spin-triplet ground states under realistic uni- and bi-axial strain conditions; such states may be harnessed for the realization of qubits. The strain-driven strategy adopted here can be readily extended to a wide range of point defects in other wide-band gap semiconductors, paving the way to controlling the spin properties of defects in ionic systems for potential spintronic technologies.

  6. ELECTRONIC-STRUCTURE AND SPIN-STATE TRANSITION OF LACOO3

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    ABBATE, M; FUGGLE, JC; FUJIMORI, A; TJENG, LH; CHEN, CT; POTZE, R; SAWATZKY, GA; EISAKI, H; UCHIDA, S

    1993-01-01

    We present soft-x-ray absorption spectra (XAS) of LaCoO3 taken at different temperatures (80-630 K). The shape of the multiplets in the Co 2p XAS spectra conveys information on the symmetry and spin of the ground state. The 0 Is XAS spectra are related to unoccupied metal bands through covalent

  7. Proof of an entropy conjecture for Bloch coherent spin states and its generalizations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    H. Lieb, Elliott; Solovej, Jan Philip

    2014-01-01

    in 1978 who also extended the conjecture to Bloch SU(2) spin-coherent states for every angular momentum $J$. This conjecture is proved here. We also recall our 1991 extension of the Wehrl map to a quantum channel from $J$ to $K=J+1/2, J+1, ...$, with $K=\\infty$ corresponding to the Wehrl map to classical...

  8. 1020MHz single-channel proton fast magic angle spinning solid-state NMR spectroscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pandey, Manoj Kumar; Zhang, Rongchun; Hashi, Kenjiro; Ohki, Shinobu; Nishijima, Gen; Matsumoto, Shinji; Noguchi, Takashi; Deguchi, Kenzo; Goto, Atsushi; Shimizu, Tadashi; Maeda, Hideaki; Takahashi, Masato; Yanagisawa, Yoshinori; Yamazaki, Toshio; Iguchi, Seiya; Tanaka, Ryoji; Nemoto, Takahiro; Miyamoto, Tetsuo; Suematsu, Hiroto; Saito, Kazuyoshi; Miki, Takashi; Ramamoorthy, Ayyalusamy; Nishiyama, Yusuke

    2015-12-01

    This study reports a first successful demonstration of a single channel proton 3D and 2D high-throughput ultrafast magic angle spinning (MAS) solid-state NMR techniques in an ultra-high magnetic field (1020MHz) NMR spectrometer comprised of HTS/LTS magnet. High spectral resolution is well demonstrated.

  9. Design of defect spins in piezoelectric aluminum nitride for solid-state hybrid quantum technologies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seo, Hosung; Govoni, Marco; Galli, Giulia

    2016-02-15

    Spin defects in wide-band gap semiconductors are promising systems for the realization of quantum bits, or qubits, in solid-state environments. To date, defect qubits have only been realized in materials with strong covalent bonds. Here, we introduce a strain-driven scheme to rationally design defect spins in functional ionic crystals, which may operate as potential qubits. In particular, using a combination of state-of-the-art ab-initio calculations based on hybrid density functional and many-body perturbation theory, we predicted that the negatively charged nitrogen vacancy center in piezoelectric aluminum nitride exhibits spin-triplet ground states under realistic uni- and bi-axial strain conditions; such states may be harnessed for the realization of qubits. The strain-driven strategy adopted here can be readily extended to a wide range of point defects in other wide-band gap semiconductors, paving the way to controlling the spin properties of defects in ionic systems for potential spintronic technologies.

  10. Spin state relaxation of iron complexes: The case for OPBE and S12g

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gruden Maja

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The structures of nine iron complexes that show a diversity of experimentally observed spin ground states are optimized and analyzed with Density Functional Theory (DFT. An extensive validation study of the new S12g functional is performed, with the discussion concerning the influence of the environment, geometry and its overall performance based on the comparison with the well proven OPBE functional. The OPBE and S12g functionals give the correct spin ground state for all investigated iron complexes. Since S12g performs remarkably well it can be considered a reliable tool for studying spin state energetics in complicated transition metal systems. [Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación (MICINN, project CTQ2011-25086/BQU, the Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad (MINECO, project CTQ2014-59212/BQU and the DIUE of the Generalitat de Catalunya (project 2014SGR1202, and Xarxa de Referència en Química Teòrica i Computacional; MICINN and the FEDER fund (European Fund for Regional Development under grant UNGI10-4E-801, and the Serbian Ministry of Education and Science (Grant No. 172035. This work was performed in the framework of the COST action CM1305 "Explicit Control Over Spin-states in Technology and Biochemistry (ECOSTBio" (STSM reference: ECOST-STSM-CM1305-27360.

  11. Excited state nonlinear integral equations for an integrable anisotropic spin-1 chain

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suzuki, J [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Shizuoka University, Ohya 836, Shizuoka (Japan)

    2004-12-17

    We propose a set of nonlinear integral equations to describe the excited states of an integrable the spin-1 chain with anisotropy. The scaling dimensions, evaluated numerically in previous studies, are recovered analytically by using the equations. This result may be relevant to the study of the supersymmetric sine-Gordon model.

  12. Spin(p+1, p+1) covariant Dp-brane bound states

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sundell, P

    2001-01-01

    We construct Spin(p + 1, p + 1) covariant Dp-brane bound states by using the fact that the potentials in the RR sector of toroidically compactified type Ii supergravity transform as a chiral spinor of the T duality group. As an application, we show the invariance of the zero-force condition for a pr

  13. Theoretical investigation of the hyperfine structure in spatially and spin degenerate electronic states

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JELENA RADIC-PERIC

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available The present paper reviews the results of ab initio studies on the magnetic hyperfine structure in spectra of spatially and spin degenerate electronic states of triatomic and tetra-atomic molecules. The main goal of the present paper is to show that such theoretical investigations can be used to reliably reproduce, explain and predict the results of the corresponding measurements.

  14. ELECTRONIC-STRUCTURE AND SPIN-STATE TRANSITION OF LACOO3

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    ABBATE, M; FUGGLE, JC; FUJIMORI, A; TJENG, LH; CHEN, CT; POTZE, R; SAWATZKY, GA; EISAKI, H; UCHIDA, S

    1993-01-01

    We present soft-x-ray absorption spectra (XAS) of LaCoO3 taken at different temperatures (80-630 K). The shape of the multiplets in the Co 2p XAS spectra conveys information on the symmetry and spin of the ground state. The 0 Is XAS spectra are related to unoccupied metal bands through covalent mixi

  15. The ground state energy of the mean field spin glass model

    CERN Document Server

    Koukiou, Flora

    2008-01-01

    From the study of a functional equation of Gibbs measures we calculate the limiting free energy of the Sherrington-Kirkpatrick spin glass model at a particular value of (low) temperature. This implies the following lower bound for the ground state energy $\\epsilon_0$ \\[\\epsilon_0\\geq -0.7833...,\\] close to the replica symmetry breaking and numerical simulations values.

  16. Perturbation of nuclear spin polarizations in solid state NMR of nitroxide-doped samples by magic-angle spinning without microwaves.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thurber, Kent R; Tycko, Robert

    2014-05-14

    We report solid state (13)C and (1)H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) experiments with magic-angle spinning (MAS) on frozen solutions containing nitroxide-based paramagnetic dopants that indicate significant perturbations of nuclear spin polarizations without microwave irradiation. At temperatures near 25 K, (1)H and cross-polarized (13)C NMR signals from (15)N,(13)C-labeled L-alanine in trinitroxide-doped glycerol/water are reduced by factors as large as six compared to signals from samples without nitroxide doping. Without MAS or at temperatures near 100 K, differences between signals with and without nitroxide doping are much smaller. We attribute most of the reduction of NMR signals under MAS near 25 K to nuclear spin depolarization through the cross-effect dynamic nuclear polarization mechanism, in which three-spin flips drive nuclear polarizations toward equilibrium with spin polarization differences between electron pairs. When T1e is sufficiently long relative to the MAS rotation period, the distribution of electron spin polarization across the nitroxide electron paramagnetic resonance lineshape can be very different from the corresponding distribution in a static sample at thermal equilibrium, leading to the observed effects. We describe three-spin and 3000-spin calculations that qualitatively reproduce the experimental observations.

  17. Surface Landau levels and spin states in bismuth (111) ultrathin films.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Du, Hongjian; Sun, Xia; Liu, Xiaogang; Wu, Xiaojun; Wang, Jufeng; Tian, Mingyang; Zhao, Aidi; Luo, Yi; Yang, Jinlong; Wang, Bing; Hou, J G

    2016-03-11

    The development of next-generation electronics is much dependent on the discovery of materials with exceptional surface-state spin and valley properties. Because of that, bismuth has attracted a renewed interest in recent years. However, despite extensive studies, the intrinsic electronic transport properties of Bi surfaces are largely undetermined due to the strong interference from the bulk. Here we report the unambiguous determination of the surface-state Landau levels in Bi (111) ultrathin films using scanning tunnelling microscopy under magnetic fields perpendicular to the surface. The Landau levels of the electron-like and the hole-like carriers are accurately characterized and well described by the band structure of the Bi (111) surface from density functional theory calculations. Some specific surface spin states with a large g-factor are identified. Our findings shed light on the exploiting surface-state properties of Bi for their applications in spintronics and valleytronics.

  18. Exact ground-state phase diagrams for the spin-3/2 Blume Emery Griffiths model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Canko, Osman; Deviren, Bayram; Keskin, Mustafa

    2008-05-01

    We have calculated the exact ground-state phase diagrams of the spin-3/2 Ising model using the method that was proposed and applied to the spin-1 Ising model by Dublenych (2005 Phys. Rev. B 71 012411). The calculated, exact ground-state phase diagrams on the diatomic and triangular lattices with the nearest-neighbor (NN) interaction have been presented in this paper. We have obtained seven and 15 topologically different ground-state phase diagrams for J>0 and Jnon-uniform phases. We have also constructed the exact ground-state phase diagrams of the model on the triangular lattice and found 20 and 59 fundamental phase diagrams for J>0 and J<0, respectively, the conditions for the existence of uniform and intermediate phases have also been found.

  19. Complete mapping of the spin-wave spectrum in a vortex-state nanodisk

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taurel, B.; Valet, T.; Naletov, V. V.; Vukadinovic, N.; de Loubens, G.; Klein, O.

    2016-05-01

    We report a study on the complete spin-wave spectrum inside a vortex-state nanodisk. Transformation of this spectrum is continuously monitored as the nanodisk becomes gradually magnetized by a perpendicular magnetic field and encounters a second-order phase transition to the uniformly magnetized state. This reveals the bijective relationship that exists between the eigenmodes in the vortex state and the ones in the saturated state. It is found that the gyrotropic mode can be continuously viewed as a uniform phase precession, which uniquely softens (its frequency vanishes) at the saturation field to transform above into the Kittel mode. By contrast, the other spin-wave modes remain finite as a function of the applied field, while their character is altered by level anticrossing.

  20. Towards photonic quantum simulation of ground states of frustrated Heisenberg spin systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Xiao-song; Dakić, Borivoje; Kropatschek, Sebastian; Naylor, William; Chan, Yang-hao; Gong, Zhe-xuan; Duan, Lu-ming; Zeilinger, Anton; Walther, Philip

    2014-01-07

    Photonic quantum simulators are promising candidates for providing insight into other small- to medium-sized quantum systems. Recent experiments have shown that photonic quantum systems have the advantage to exploit quantum interference for the quantum simulation of the ground state of Heisenberg spin systems. Here we experimentally characterize this quantum interference at a tuneable beam splitter and further investigate the measurement-induced interactions of a simulated four-spin system by comparing the entanglement dynamics using pairwise concurrence. We also study theoretically a four-site square lattice with next-nearest neighbor interactions and a six-site checkerboard lattice, which might be in reach of current technology.

  1. An Electron-Nucleon Double Spin Solid-State Quantum Computer

    CERN Document Server

    Long, G L; Chen, H M; Long, Gui Lu; Ma, Ying-Jun; Chen, Hao-Ming

    2003-01-01

    An electron-nucleon double spin(ENDOS) solid-state quantum computer scheme is proposed. In this scheme, the qubits are the nuclear spins of phosphorus ion implanted on the (111) surface of $^{28}$Si substrate. An $^{13}$C atom on a scanning tunnelling probe tip is used both to complete single qubit and two-qubit control-not operation, and single qubit measurement. The scheme does not require interactions between qubits, and can accomplish two qubits without the use of SWAP gate. This scheme is scalable, and can be implemented with present-day or near-future technologies.

  2. Efficient quantum-state transfer in spin-1 chains by adiabatic passage

    CERN Document Server

    Eckert, K; Sanpera, A

    2007-01-01

    We propose a method for quantum state transfer in spin chains using an adiabatic passage technique. Modifying even and odd nearest-neighbor couplings in time allows to achieve transfer fidelities arbitrarily close to one, without the need for a precise control of coupling strengths and timing. We study in detail transfer by adiabatic passage in a spin-1 chain governed by a generalized Heisenberg Hamiltonian. We consider optimization of the transfer process applying optimal control techniques. We discuss a realistic experimental implementation using cold atomic gases confined in deep optical lattices.

  3. Spin-state crossover and hyperfine interactions of ferric iron in MgSiO$_3$ perovskite

    CERN Document Server

    Hsu, Han; Cococcioni, Matteo; Wentzcovitch, Renata M

    2011-01-01

    Using density functional theory plus Hubbard $U$ calculations, we show that the ground state of (Mg,Fe)(Si,Fe)O$_3$ perovskite, a major mineral phase in the Earth's lower mantle, has high-spin ferric iron ($S=5/2$) at both the dodecahedral (A) and octahedral (B) site. As the pressure increases, the B-site iron undergoes a spin-state crossover to the low-spin state ($S=1/2$), while the A-site iron remains in the high-spin state. Our calculation shows that the B-site spin-state crossover in the pressure range of 40-70 GPa is accompanied by a noticeable volume reduction and an increase in quadrupole splitting, consistent with recent X-ray diffraction and M\\"ossbauer spectroscopy measurements. The volume reduction leads to a significant softening in the bulk modulus, which suggests a possible source of seismic velocity anomalies in the lower mantle.

  4. Boundary-controlled spin chains for robust quantum state transfer

    CERN Document Server

    Zwick, Analia; Stolze, Joachim; Osenda, Omar

    2011-01-01

    Quantum state transfer in the presence of noise is one of the main challenges for building quantum computers. We compare the quantum state transfer properties for two classes of qubit chains under the influence of static randomness. In fully engineered chains all nearest-neighbor couplings are tuned in such a way that a single-qubit state can be transferred perfectly between the ends of the chain, while in boundary-controlled chains only the two couplings between the transmitting and receiving qubits and the remainder of the chain can be optimized. We study how the noise in the couplings affects the state transfer fidelity depending on the noise model and strength as well as the chain type and length. We show that the desired level of fidelity and transfer time are important factors in designing a chain. In particular we demonstrate that transfer efficiency comparable or better than that of the most robust engineered systems can also be reached in boundary-controlled chains without the demanding engineering o...

  5. Ground-state entanglement in a three-spin transverse Ising model with energy current

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Yong; Liu Dan; Long Gui-Lu

    2007-01-01

    The ground-state entanglement associated with a three-spin transverse Ising model is studied. By introducing an energy current into the system, a quantum phase transition to energy-current phase may be presented with the variation of external magnetic field; and the ground-state entanglement varies suddenly at the critical point of quantum phase transition. In our model, the introduction of energy current makes the entanglement between any two qubits become maximally robust.

  6. Two Dimensional Steady State Eddy Current Analysis of a Spinning Conducting Cylinder

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-03-09

    UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED AD-E403 855 Technical Report ARMET-TR-16045 TWO-DIMENSIONAL STEADY-STATE EDDY CURRENT ANALYSIS OF A ...any penalty for failing to comply with a collection of information if it does not display a currently valid OMB control number. PLEASE DO NOT RETURN...August 2014 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE TWO-DIMENSIONAL STEADY-STATE EDDY CURRENT ANALYSIS OF A SPINNING CONDUCTING CYLINDER 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b

  7. Quantum mechanical forces in the presence of spin and rotational states of nanomagnets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Gwang-Hee

    We study nanomagnets that are free to rotate about their anisotropy and display quantum mechanical forces originated from quantum tunneling between classically degenerate magnetic states. Employing superpositions of spin and rotational states, we show that such forces can exist in the presence of a microwave field and a static magnetic field with a gradient. The optimal conditions for the observation of the oscillating force with quantum beats are presented.

  8. Multiuser Diversity with Adaptive Modulation in Non-Identically Distributed Nakagami Fading Environments

    KAUST Repository

    Rao, Anlei

    2012-09-08

    In this paper, we analyze the performance of adaptive modulation with single-cell multiuser scheduling over independent but not identical distributed (i.n.i.d.) Nakagami fading channels. Closed-form expressions are derived for the average channel capacity, spectral efficiency, and bit-error-rate (BER) for both constant-power variable-rate and variable-power variable-rate uncoded/coded M-ary quadrature amplitude modulation (M-QAM) schemes. We also study the impact of time delay on the average BER of adaptive M-QAM. Selected numerical results show that the multiuser diversity brings a considerably better performance even over i.n.i.d. fading environments.

  9. Sensitizing solid state nuclear magnetic resonance of dilute nuclei by spin-diffusion assisted polarization transfers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lupulescu, Adonis; Frydman, Lucio

    2011-10-01

    Recent years have witnessed efforts geared at increasing the sensitivity of NMR experiments, by relying on the suitable tailoring and exploitation of relaxation phenomena. These efforts have included the use of paramagnetic agents, enhanced (1)H-(1)H incoherent and coherent transfers processes in 2D liquid state spectroscopy, and homonuclear (13)C-(13)C spin diffusion effects in labeled solids. The present study examines some of the opportunities that could open when exploiting spontaneous (1)H-(1)H spin-diffusion processes, to enhance relaxation and to improve the sensitivity of dilute nuclei in solid state NMR measurements. It is shown that polarization transfer experiments executed under sufficiently fast magic-angle-spinning conditions, enable a selective polarization of the dilute low-γ spins by their immediate neighboring protons. Repolarization of the latter can then occur during the time involved in monitoring the signal emitted by the low-γ nuclei. The basic features involved in the resulting approach, and its potential to improve the effective sensitivity of solid state NMR measurements on dilute nuclei, are analyzed. Experimental tests witness the advantages that could reside from utilizing this kind of approach over conventional cross-polarization processes. These measurements also highlight a number of limitations that will have to be overcome for transforming selective polarization transfers of this kind into analytical methods of choice.

  10. Improving the coherence properties of solid-state spin ensembles via optimized dynamical decoupling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farfurnik, D.; Jarmola, A.; Pham, L. M.; Wang, Z. H.; Dobrovitski, V. V.; Walsworth, R. L.; Budker, D.; Bar-Gill, N.

    2016-04-01

    In this work, we optimize a dynamical decoupling (DD) protocol to improve the spin coherence properties of a dense ensemble of nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers in diamond. Using liquid nitrogen-based cooling and DD microwave pulses, we increase the transverse coherence time T2 from ˜ 0.7 ms up to ˜ 30 ms. We extend previous work of single-axis (Carr-Purcell-Meiboom-Gill) DD towards the preservation of arbitrary spin states. After performing a detailed analysis of pulse and detuning errors, we compare the performance of various DD protocols. We identify that the concatenated XY8 pulse sequences serves as the optimal control scheme for preserving an arbitrary spin state. Finally, we use the concatenated sequences to demonstrate an immediate improvement of the AC magnetic sensitivity up to a factor of two at 250 kHz. For future work, similar protocols may be used to increase coherence times up to NV-NV interaction time scales, a major step toward the creation of quantum collective NV spin states.

  11. Solid effect in the electron spin dressed state: A new approach for dynamic nuclear polarization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weis, V.; Bennati, M.; Rosay, M.; Griffin, R. G.

    2000-10-01

    We describe a new type of solid effect for dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) that is based on simultaneous, near resonant microwave (mw) and radio frequency (rf) irradiation of a coupled electron nuclear spin system. The interaction of the electron spin with the mw field is treated as an electron spin dressed state. In contrast to the customary laboratory frame solid effect, it is possible to obtain nuclear polarization with the dressed state solid effect (DSSE) even in the absence of nonsecular hyperfine coupling. Efficient, selective excitation of dressed state transitions generates nuclear polarization in the nuclear laboratory frame on a time scale of tens of μs, depending on the strength of the electron-nuclear coupling, the mw and rf offset and field strength. The experiment employs both pulsed mw and rf irradiation at a repetition rate comparable to T1e-1, where T1e is the electronic spin lattice relaxation time. The DSSE is demonstrated on a perdeuterated BDPA radical in a protonated matrix of polystyrene.

  12. Quantum state tomography for quadrupolar nuclei using global rotations of the spin system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teles, J; deAzevedo, E R; Auccaise, R; Sarthour, R S; Oliveira, I S; Bonagamba, T J

    2007-04-21

    In this paper, we describe a quantum state tomography method based on global rotations of the spin system which, together with a coherence selection scheme, enables the complete density matrix reconstruction. The main advantage of this technique, in respect to previous proposals, is the use of much shorter rf pulses, which decreases significantly the time necessary for algorithm quantum state tomography. In this case, under adequate experimental conditions, the rf pulses correspond to simple spatial rotations of the spin states, and its analytical description is conveniently given in the irreducible tensor formalism. Simulated results show the feasibility of the method for a single spin 72 nucleus. As an experimental result, we exemplify the application of this method by tomographing the steps during the implementation of the Deutsch algorithm. The algorithm was implemented in a (23)Na quadrupole nucleus using the strongly modulated pulses technique. We also extended the tomography method for a 3-coupled homonuclear spin 12 system, where an additional evolution under the internal Hamiltonian is necessary for zero order coherences evaluation.

  13. Entanglement entropy scaling in solid-state spin arrays via capacitance measurements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banchi, Leonardo; Bayat, Abolfazl; Bose, Sougato

    2016-12-01

    Solid-state spin arrays are being engineered in varied systems, including gated coupled quantum dots and interacting dopants in semiconductor structures. Beyond quantum computation, these arrays are useful integrated analog simulators for many-body models. As entanglement between individual spins is extremely short ranged in these models, one has to measure the entanglement entropy of a block in order to truly verify their many-body entangled nature. Remarkably, the characteristic scaling of entanglement entropy, predicted by conformal field theory, has yet to be measured. Here, we show that with as few as two replicas of a spin array, and capacitive double-dot singlet-triplet measurements on neighboring spin pairs, the above scaling of the entanglement entropy can be verified. This opens up the controlled simulation of quantum field theories, as we exemplify with uniform chains and Kondo-type impurity models, in engineered solid-state systems. Our procedure remains effective even in the presence of typical imperfections of realistic quantum devices and can be used for thermometry, and to bound entanglement and discord in mixed many-body states.

  14. 2D fractional supersymmetry for rational conformal field theory application for third-integer spin states

    CERN Document Server

    Pérez, A; Simon, P; de Traubenberg, M Rausch

    1996-01-01

    A 2D- fractional supersymmetry theory is algebraically constructed. The Lagrangian is derived using an adapted superspace including, in addition to a scalar field, two fields with spins 1/3,2/3. This theory turns out to be a rational conformal field theory. The symmetry of this model goes beyond the super Virasoro algebra and connects these third-integer spin states. Besides the stress-momentum tensor, we obtain a supercurrent of spin 4/3. Cubic relations are involved in order to close the algebra; the basic algebra is no longer a Lie or a super-Lie algebra. The central charge of this model is found to be 4/3. Finally, we analyse the form that a local invariant action should take.

  15. 2D fractional supersymmetry for rational conformal field theory: application for third-integer spin states

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Perez, A. [Strasbourg-1 Univ., 67 (France). Lab. de Physique Theorique; Rausch de Traubenberg, M. [Strasbourg-1 Univ., 67 (France). Lab. de Physique Theorique]|[Centre de Recherches Nucleaires, Bat. 40/II, 67037 Strasbourg Cedex 2 (France); Simon, P. [Strasbourg-1 Univ., 67 (France). Lab. de Physique Theorique

    1996-12-23

    A 2D fractional supersymmetry theory is algebraically constructed. The Lagrangian is derived using an adapted superspace including, in addition to a scalar field, two fields with spins 1/3,2/3. This theory turns out to be a rational conformal field theory. The symmetry of this model goes beyond the super-Virasoro algebra and connects these third-integer spin states. Besides the stress-momentum tensor, we obtain a supercurrent of spin 4/3. Cubic relations are involved in order to close the algebra; the basic algebra is no longer a Lie or a super-Lie algebra. The central charge of this model is found to be 5/3. Finally, we analyze the form that a local invariant action should take. (orig.).

  16. Spin polarized state filter based on semiconductor–dielectric–iron–semiconductor multi-nanolayer device

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Makarov, Vladimir I., E-mail: vmvimakarov@gmail.com [Department of Physics, University of Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras, PO Box 23343, San Juan, PR 00931-3343 (United States); Khmelinskii, Igor [Universidade do Algarve, FCT, DQF, and CIQA, 8005-139 Faro (Portugal)

    2015-04-15

    Highlights: • Development of a new spintronics device. • Development of quantum spin polarized filters. • Development of theory of quantum spin polarized filter. - Abstract: Presently we report spin-polarized state transport in semiconductor–dielectric–iron–semiconductor (SDIS) four-nanolayer sandwich devices. The exchange-resonance spectra in such devices are quite specific, differing also from spectra observed earlier in other three-nanolayer devices. The theoretical model developed earlier is extended and used to interpret the available experimental results. A detailed ab initio analysis of the magnetic-field dependence of the output magnetic moment is also performed. The model predicts an exchange spectrum comprising a series of peaks, with the spectral structure determined by several factors, discussed in the paper.

  17. Phase Transition in the Density of States of Quantum Spin Glasses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Erdős, László, E-mail: lerdos@ist.ac.at [IST Austria (Austria); Schröder, Dominik, E-mail: schroeder.dominik@gmail.com [Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München (Germany)

    2014-12-15

    We prove that the empirical density of states of quantum spin glasses on arbitrary graphs converges to a normal distribution as long as the maximal degree is negligible compared with the total number of edges. This extends the recent results of Keating et al. (2014) that were proved for graphs with bounded chromatic number and with symmetric coupling distribution. Furthermore, we generalise the result to arbitrary hypergraphs. We test the optimality of our condition on the maximal degree for p-uniform hypergraphs that correspond to p-spin glass Hamiltonians acting on n distinguishable spin- 1/2 particles. At the critical threshold p = n{sup 1/2} we find a sharp classical-quantum phase transition between the normal distribution and the Wigner semicircle law. The former is characteristic to classical systems with commuting variables, while the latter is a signature of noncommutative random matrix theory.

  18. Spin-state polarons in lightly hole-doped LaCoO3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Podlesnyak, Andrey A [ORNL; Russina, Margarita [Hahn-Meitner Institut, Berlin, Germany; Furrer, Albert [Laboratory for Neutron Scattering ETHZ & PSI; Alfonsov, Aleksei [IFW Dresden; Vavilova, Eugenia [IFW Dresden; Kataev, Vladislav [IFW Dresden; Buechner, Bernd [IFW Dresden; Straessle, Thierry [Laboratory for Neutron Scattering ETHZ & PSI; Pomjakushina, Ekaterina [Paul Scherrer Institut, Villigen, Switzerland; Conder, Kazimierz [Paul Scherrer Institut, Villigen, Switzerland; Khomskii, Daniel [Universitat zu Koln, Koln, Germany

    2008-01-01

    Inelastic neutron scattering (INS), electron spin resonance (ESR), and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements were employed to establish the origin of the strong magnetic signal in lightly-hole-doped La{sub 1-x}Sr{sub x}CoO{sub 3}, x{approx}0.002. Both INS and ESR low temperature spectra show intense excitations with large effective g factors {approx}10-18. NMR data indicate the creation of extended magnetic clusters. From the Q dependence of the INS magnetic intensity, we conclude that the observed anomalies are caused by the formation of octahedrally shaped spin-state polarons comprising seven Co ions. The present INS, ESR, and NMR data give evidence for two regimes in the lightly-hole-doped samples: (i) T < 35 K dominated by spin polarons; (ii) T > 35 K dominated by thermally activated magnetic Co{sup 3+} ions.

  19. Emergence of Dirac and quantum spin Hall states in fluorinated monolayer As and AsSb

    KAUST Repository

    Zhang, Qingyun

    2016-01-21

    Using first-principles calculations, we investigate the electronic and vibrational properties of monolayer As and AsSb. While the pristine monolayers are semiconductors (direct band gap at the Γ point), fluorination results in Dirac cones at the K points. Fluorinated monolayer As shows a band gap of 0.16 eV due to spin-orbit coupling, and fluorinated monolayer AsSb a larger band gap of 0.37 eV due to inversion symmetry breaking. Spin-orbit coupling induces spin splitting similar to monolayer MoS2. Phonon calculations confirm that both materials are dynamically stable. Calculations of the edge states of nanoribbons by the tight-binding method demonstrate that fluorinated monolayer As is topologically nontrivial in contrast to fluorinated monolayer AsSb.

  20. Metastable and spin-polarized states in electron systems with localized electron-electron interaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sablikov, Vladimir A.; Shchamkhalova, Bagun S.

    2014-05-01

    We study the formation of spontaneous spin polarization in inhomogeneous electron systems with pair interaction localized in a small region that is not separated by a barrier from surrounding gas of non-interacting electrons. Such a system is interesting as a minimal model of a quantum point contact in which the electron-electron interaction is strong in a small constriction coupled to electron reservoirs without barriers. Based on the analysis of the grand potential within the self-consistent field approximation, we find that the formation of the polarized state strongly differs from the Bloch or Stoner transition in homogeneous interacting systems. The main difference is that a metastable state appears in the critical point in addition to the globally stable state, so that when the interaction parameter exceeds a critical value, two states coexist. One state has spin polarization and the other is unpolarized. Another feature is that the spin polarization increases continuously with the interaction parameter and has a square-root singularity in the critical point. We study the critical conditions and the grand potentials of the polarized and unpolarized states for one-dimensional and two-dimensional models in the case of extremely small size of the interaction region.

  1. Spin-orbit or Aharonov-Casher edge states in semiconductor two-dimensional systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, L. L.; Heremans, J. J.; Gaspe, C. K.; Vijeyaragunathan, S.; Mishima, T. D.; Santos, M. B.

    2012-02-01

    In semiconductors with spin-orbit interaction we experimentally search for edge states induced by the Aharonov-Casher vector potential or Rashba-type spin-orbit interaction. The Aharonov-Casher effect is electromagnetically dual to the Aharonov-Bohm effect and is predicted to lead to a possibly helical edge state structure at two-dimensional sample edges. We use InGaAs/InAlAs heterostructures patterned into mesoscopic side-gated channel structures, where the edge states can be induced, and where backscattering between edge states can be experimentally measured in the resistance. Sweeping side-gate voltage, low temperature resistances are measured across such mesoscopic closed-path structures at either low applied magnetic field, in-plane or normal to the plane, or at fixed magnetic filling factors of 5, 6, 7, and 8 to obtain states of defined spin. Resistance oscillations are observed at low magnetic fields and around filling factor 6 as function of side-gate voltage, and we analyze the oscillations in the light of the search for the edge states (DOE DE-FG02-08ER46532, NSF DMR-0520550).

  2. Unidirectional Spin-Dependent Molecule-Ferromagnet Hybridized States Anisotropy in Cobalt Phthalocyanine Based Magnetic Tunnel Junctions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barraud, Clément; Bouzehouane, Karim; Deranlot, Cyrile; Fusil, Stéphane; Jabbar, Hashim; Arabski, Jacek; Rakshit, Rajib; Kim, Dong-Jik; Kieber, Christophe; Boukari, Samy; Bowen, Martin; Beaurepaire, Eric; Seneor, Pierre; Mattana, Richard; Petroff, Frédéric

    2015-05-01

    Organic or molecular spintronics is a rising field of research at the frontier between condensed matter physics and chemistry. It aims to mix spin physics and the richness of chemistry towards designing new properties for spin electronics devices through engineering at the molecular scale. Beyond the expectation of a long spin lifetime, molecules can be also used to tailor the spin polarization of the injected current through the spin-dependent hybridization between molecules and ferromagnetic electrodes. In this Letter, we provide direct evidence of a hybrid interface spin polarization reversal due to the differing hybridization between phthalocyanine molecules and each cobalt electrode in Co /CoPc /Co magnetic tunnel junctions. Tunnel magnetoresistance and anisotropic tunnel magnetoresistance experiments show that interfacial hybridized electronic states have a unidirectional anisotropy that can be controlled by an electric field and that spin hybridization at the bottom and top interfaces differ, leading to an inverse tunnel magnetoresistance.

  3. Initial singlet and triplet spin state contributions to -> ppπ0

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thörngren Engblom, P.; Meyer, H. O.; Balewski, J. T.; Daehnick, W. W.; Doskow, J.; Haeberli, W.; Lorentz, B.; Pancella, P. V.; Pollock, R. E.; von Przewoski, B.; Rathmann, F.; Rinckel, T.; Saha, Swapan K.; Schwartz, B.; Wellinghausen, A.; Wise, T.

    2000-01-01

    The PINTEX2http://www.iucf.indiana.edu/~pintex/refid="fn2">2 facility at the IUCF Cooler ring, dedicated to the study of spin dependence in nucleon-nucleon interactions, has been used to measure polarization observables of the reaction -> ppπ0 at beam energies between 325 and 400 MeV. The stored, polarized proton beam had spin projections both in the longitudinal and the transverse directions with respect to the beam momentum. We report here on the measurements of the relative transverse and longitudinal spin-dependent cross sections3Defined as ΔσT(L) = [σ(⇕) + σ(⇕)] - [σ(⇈ + σ(⇊)] where the arrows denote parallel and antiparallel beam/target spin combinations, either transversely (T) or longitudinally (L) polarized.refid="fn3">3, ΔσT/σtot and ΔσL/σtot, and how from these observables the initial spin singlet and triplet cross sections are obtained. Considering angular momentum states less than or equal to one, the contribution of the Ps partial waves to the cross section can be extracted.

  4. Towards achieving strong coupling in three-dimensional-cavity with solid state spin resonance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le Floch, J.-M.; Delhote, N.; Aubourg, M.; Madrangeas, V.; Cros, D.; Castelletto, S.; Tobar, M. E.

    2016-04-01

    We investigate the microwave magnetic field confinement in several microwave three-dimensional (3D)-cavities, using a 3D finite-element analysis to determine the best design and achieve a strong coupling between microwave resonant cavity photons and solid state spins. Specifically, we design cavities for achieving strong coupling of electromagnetic modes with an ensemble of nitrogen vacancy (NV) defects in diamond. We report here a novel and practical cavity design with a magnetic filling factor of up to 4 times (2 times higher collective coupling) than previously achieved using one-dimensional superconducting cavities with a small mode volume. In addition, we show that by using a double-split resonator cavity, it is possible to achieve up to 200 times better cooperative factor than the currently demonstrated with NV in diamond. These designs open up further opportunities for studying strong and ultra-strong coupling effects on spins in solids using alternative systems with a wider range of design parameters. The strong coupling of paramagnetic spin defects with a photonic cavity is used in quantum computer architecture, to interface electrons spins with photons, facilitating their read-out and processing of quantum information. To achieve this, the combination of collective coupling of spins and cavity mode is more feasible and offers a promising method. This is a relevant milestone to develop advanced quantum technology and to test fundamental physics principles.

  5. Helium Droplets as Nano-Cryostats for Molecular Spectroscopy: Aggregation, State Selection and Electron Spin Resonance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ernst, Wolfgang E.

    2009-06-01

    Droplets of about 10^{4} helium atoms generated in a supersonic expansion, represent a nanometer-sized superfluid medium of 0.4 K temperature and can be doped with one or several atoms or molecules that may form complexes in this cold environment. Using two-laser excitation schemes, we were able to identify the alkali trimers K_3, Rb_3, K_2Rb and KRb_2 in their lowest quartet states formed on helium droplets loaded with potassium and rubidium atoms and assign several excited states that underlie both Jahn-Teller and spin-orbit coupling. As helium provides a gentle and only weakly perturbing matrix, it appeared desirable to look for ways to measure fine and hyperfine structure directly in the microwave or radiofrequency regime. In preparation for experiments involving optical detection of electron spin transitions in cold molecules, we studied the electronic spin relaxation in alkali atoms and molecules that reside on the surface of a droplet. Measurements of the circular dichroism in the presence of a magnetic field showed that the populations of Zeeman sublevels in alkali atoms are not thermalized, while for dimers and trimers a temperature of 0.4 K was found, implicitly providing a first determination of the droplet's surface temperature. Optical detection of spin resonance is achieved in an optical pump-probe experiment with the electron spin transition induced in a microwave cavity in a magnetic field between the pump and probe regions. With the pump laser depleting a particular spin state by desorption of the species from the droplet beam or by optical pumping, the probe laser detects the successful spin flip induced by the microwave field. Examples will be presented showing up to 50 Rabi cycles of an electron spin transition on an alkali doped helium droplet during the flight time of 57 μs through the cavity. J. Nagl, G. Auböck, A. W. Hauser, O. Allard, C. Callegari, and W. E. Ernst, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 063001(2008)} G. Auböck, J. Nagl, C. Callegari, and

  6. Odd-spin yrast states as multiple quadrupole-phonon excitations

    CERN Document Server

    Pietralla, N; Otsuka, T; Casten, R F

    1995-01-01

    The wavefunctions of the lowest odd spin positive parity yrast states in the IBA are shown to be nearly pure multiple quadrupole-phonon excitations even outside the three dynamical symmetries. The empirical data for collective nuclei with 30 < Z < 80 confirm these predictions. The quadrupole-phonon purity of the 2^+_1 state can be measured from E2-branching ratios of the 3^+_1 state. These data show a high correlation to the 2^+_1 Q-phonon purity deduced from the E2-decay of 2^+ states.

  7. Schrodinger cat states prepared by Bloch oscillation in a spin-dependent optical lattice

    CERN Document Server

    Wu, B J

    2011-01-01

    We propose to use Bloch oscillation of ultra-cold atoms in a spin-dependent optical lattice to prepare schrodinger cat states. Depending on its internal state, an atom feels different periodic potentials and thus has different energy band structures for its center-of-mass motion. Consequently, under the same gravity force, the wave packets associated with different internal states perform Bloch oscillation of different amplitudes in space and in particular they can be macroscopically displaced with respect to each other. In this way, a cat state can be prepared.

  8. General relativity as the equation of state of spin foam

    CERN Document Server

    Smolin, Lee

    2012-01-01

    Building on recent significant results of Frodden, Ghosh and Perez (FGP) and Bianchi, I present a quantum version of Jacobson's argument that the Einstein equations emerge as the equation of state of a quantum gravitational system. I give three criteria a quantum theory of gravity must satisfy if it is to allow Jacobson's argument to be run. I then show that the results of FGP and Bianchi provide evidence that loop quantum gravity satisfies two of these criteria and argue that the third should also be satisfied in loop quantum gravity. I also show that the energy defined by FGP is the canonical energy associated with the boundary term of the Holst action.

  9. S3 HMBC hetero: Spin-State-Selective HMBC for accurate measurement of long-range heteronuclear coupling constants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoeck, Casper; Gotfredsen, Charlotte H.; Sørensen, Ole W.

    2017-02-01

    A novel method, Spin-State-Selective (S3) HMBC hetero, for accurate measurement of heteronuclear coupling constants is introduced. The method extends the S3 HMBC technique for measurement of homonuclear coupling constants by appending a pulse sequence element that interchanges the polarization in 13C-1H methine pairs. This amounts to converting the spin-state selectivity from 1H spin states to 13C spin states in the spectra of long-range coupled 1H spins, allowing convenient measurement of heteronuclear coupling constants similar to other S3 or E.COSY-type methods. As usual in this type of techniques, the accuracy of coupling constant measurement is independent of the size of the coupling constant of interest. The merits of the new method are demonstrated by application to vinyl acetate, the alkaloid strychnine, and the carbohydrate methyl β-maltoside.

  10. Microscopic Examinations of Co Valences and Spin States in Electron-Doped LaCoO3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomiyasu, Keisuke; Koyama, Syun-Ichi; Watahiki, Masanori; Sato, Mika; Nishihara, Kazuki; Takahashi, Yuki; Onodera, Mitsugi; Iwasa, Kazuaki; Nojima, Tsutomu; Nojiri, Hiroyuki; Okamoto, Jun; Huang, Di-Jing; Yamasaki, Yuuichi; Nakao, Hironori; Murakami, Youichi

    2016-09-01

    We studied the Co valences and spin states in electron-doped LaCo1-yTeyO3 by measuring X-ray absorption spectra and electron spin resonance. The low-temperature insulating state involves the low-spin Co3+ state (S = 0) and the high-spin Co2+ state, where the latter is described by g = 3.8 and jeff = 1/2. The results, in concurrence with the electron-hole asymmetry confirmed in the electrical resistivity, coincide with the spin-blockade phenomenon in this system. Furthermore, we discuss the g factor in terms of the strong covalent-bonding nature and consider multiple origins of this phenomenon.

  11. Role of Entropy and Structural Parameters in the Spin State Transition of LaCoO3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chakrabarti, Bismayan; Birol, Turan; Haule, Kristjan

    The spin state transition in LaCoO3 has eluded description for decades despite concerted theoretical and experimental effort. In this study, we approach this problem using fully charge consistent Density Functional Theory + Dynamical Mean Field Theory (DFT+DMFT). We show, from first principles, that LaCoO3 cannot be described by a single, pure spin state at any temperature, but instead shows a gradual change in the population of higher spin multiples as temperature is increased. We explicitly elucidate the critical role of the lattice expansion and oxygen octahedral rotations in the spin state transition. We also show that the spin state transition and the metal-insulator transition in the compound occur at different temperatures. In addition, our results shed light on the importance of electronic entropy, which has so far been ignored in all first principles studies of this material.

  12. Phase transitions in definite total spin states of two-component Fermi gases

    CERN Document Server

    Yurovsky, Vladimir A

    2016-01-01

    Symmetry under permutations of indistinguishable particles, contained in each medium, is one of the fundamental symmetries. Generally, a change in symmetry affects the medium's thermodynamic properties, leading to phase transitions. Permutation symmetry can be changed since, in addition to the conventional symmetric and anti-symmetric states under permutations of bosons and fermions, mathematical group-representation theory allows for non-Abelian permutation symmetry. Such symmetry can be hidden in states with defined total spins of spinor gases, which can be formed in optical cavities. However, the thermodynamic effects of non-Abelian symmetry are unknown. The present work shows that the symmetry reveals itself in spin-independent or coordinate-independent properties of these gases, namely as non-Abelian entropy in thermodynamic properties. In weakly interacting Fermi gases, saturated and unsaturated phases appear associated with fermionic and non-Abelian symmetry under permutations of particle states, respe...

  13. Coherent structural trapping through wave packet dispersion during photoinduced spin state switching

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lemke, Henrik T.; Kjær, Kasper Skov; Hartsock, Robert

    2017-01-01

    The description of ultrafast nonadiabatic chemical dynamics during molecular photo-transformations remains challenging because electronic and nuclear configurations impact each other and cannot be treated independently. Here we gain experimental insights, beyond the Born-Oppenheimer approximation......, into the light-induced spin-state trapping dynamics of the prototypical [Fe(bpy)3]2+ compound by time-resolved X-ray absorption spectroscopy at sub-30-femtosecond resolution and high signal-to-noise ratio. The electronic decay from the initial optically excited electronic state towards the high spin state...... is distinguished from the structural trapping dynamics, which launches a coherent oscillating wave packet (265 fs period), clearly identified as molecular breathing. Throughout the structural trapping, the dispersion of the wave packet along the reaction coordinate reveals details of intramolecular vibronic...

  14. Phase Transitions in Definite Total Spin States of Two-Component Fermi Gases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yurovsky, Vladimir A

    2017-05-19

    Second-order phase transitions have no latent heat and are characterized by a change in symmetry. In addition to the conventional symmetric and antisymmetric states under permutations of bosons and fermions, mathematical group-representation theory allows for non-Abelian permutation symmetry. Such symmetry can be hidden in states with defined total spins of spinor gases, which can be formed in optical cavities. The present work shows that the symmetry reveals itself in spin-independent or coordinate-independent properties of these gases, namely as non-Abelian entropy in thermodynamic properties. In weakly interacting Fermi gases, two phases appear associated with fermionic and non-Abelian symmetry under permutations of particle states, respectively. The second-order transitions between the phases are characterized by discontinuities in specific heat. Unlike other phase transitions, the present ones are not caused by interactions and can appear even in ideal gases. Similar effects in Bose gases and strong interactions are discussed.

  15. Confined states and spin polarization on a topological insulator thin film modulated by an electric potential

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Yi-Man; Shao Huai-Hua; Zhou Xiao-Ying; Zhou Guang-Hui

    2013-01-01

    We study the electronic structure and spin polarization of the surface states of a three-dimensional topological insulator thin film modulated by an electrical potential well.By routinely solving the low-energy surface Dirac equation for the system,we demonstrate that confined surface states exist,in which the electron density is almost localized inside the well and exponentially decayed outside in real space,and that their subband dispersions are quasilinear with respect to the propagating wavevector.Interestingly,the top and bottom surface confined states with the same density distribution have opposite spin polarizations due to the hybridization between the two surfaces.Along with the mathematical analysis,we provide an intuitive,topological understanding of the effect.

  16. A rubidium Mx-magnetometer for measurements on solid state spins

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnold, Daniel; Siegel, Steven; Grisanti, Emily; Wrachtrup, Jörg; Gerhardt, Ilja

    2017-02-01

    The detection of environmental magnetic fields is well established by optically pumped atomic magnetometers. Another focus of magnetometry can be the research on magnetic or spin-active solid-state samples. Here we introduce a simple and compact design of a rubidium-based Mx magnetometer, which allows for hosting solid-state samples. The optical, mechanical, and electrical design is reported, as well as simple measurements which introduce the ground-state spin-relaxation time, the signal-to-noise ratio of a measurement, and subsequently the overall sensitivity of the magnetometer. The magnetometer is optimized for the most sensitive operation with respect to laser power and magnetic field excitation at the Larmor frequency.

  17. Systematic study of low-spin states in even Cd nuclei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kumpulainen, J.; Julin, R.; Kantele, J.; Passoja, A.; Trzaska, W.H.; Verho, E.; Vaeaeraemaeki, J. (Department of Physics, University of Jyvaeskylae, SF-40100 Jyvaeskylae (Finland)); Cutoiu, D.; Ivascu, M. (Department of Heavy Ion Physics, Institute of Atomic Physics, Bucharest, R-76900 (Romania))

    1992-02-01

    Low-lying low-spin collective states in even {sup 106{minus}112}Cd and {sup 116}Cd were investigated using in-beam and off-beam {gamma}-ray and conversion-electron spectroscopy. New spin assignments and decay branching ratios for the levels in {sup 106}Cd, {sup 108}Cd, {sup 110}Cd, and {sup 112}Cd were obtained. The present results essentially complement the level systematics from {sup 106}Cd to {sup 120}Cd. From the new data, it is inferred that two sets of low-lying 0{sup +} states having different excitation characteristics cross between {sup 114}Cd and {sup 116}Cd. No corresponding crossing occurs on the neutron deficient side. New evidence for the existence of the proton-intruder states has been found.

  18. Systematic study of low-spin states in even Cd nuclei

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumpulainen, J.; Julin, R.; Kantele, J.; Passoja, A.; Trzaska, W. H.; Verho, E.; Väärämäki, J.; Cutoiu, D.; Ivascu, M.

    1992-02-01

    Low-lying low-spin collective states in even 106-112Cd and 116Cd were investigated using in-beam and off-beam γ-ray and conversion-electron spectroscopy. New spin assignments and decay branching ratios for the levels in 106Cd, 108Cd, 110Cd, and 112Cd were obtained. The present results essentially complement the level systematics from 106Cd to 120Cd. From the new data, it is inferred that two sets of low-lying 0+ states having different excitation characteristics cross between 114Cd and 116Cd. No corresponding crossing occurs on the neutron deficient side. New evidence for the existence of the proton-intruder states has been found.

  19. Ferroelasticity and spin-state transitions of LaCoO3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Araki, Wakako; Abe, Takehiro; Arai, Yoshio

    2014-07-01

    A uniaxial compression test of polycrystalline lanthanum cobaltite (LCO) was performed to investigate mechanical behavior of LCO in the temperature range of 83-553 K. Prepared by solid-state reaction, the electrical resistivity and the linear expansion coefficient of polycrystalline LCO, measured between 80 and 1273 K, exhibit distinct changes attributed to spin-state transitions of cobalt ions around 100-200 K and 400-600 K, but are relatively constant between 200 and 400 K. The stress-strain curve obtained under uniaxial compression shows strong nonlinearity due to ferroelastic domain switching process between 83 and 553 K. Initial Young's moduli, critical stress, and dissipated energy evaluated from the stress-strain curves decrease by about a half with increasing the temperature, whereas there was no drastic changes even around the spin-state transition temperatures. The initial modulus agrees with the temperature dependence of the apparent Young's modulus measured under low-stress cyclic loading.

  20. Equation-of-motion coupled cluster method for the description of the high spin excited states

    Science.gov (United States)

    Musiał, Monika; Lupa, Łukasz; Kucharski, Stanisław A.

    2016-04-01

    The equation-of-motion (EOM) coupled cluster (CC) approach in the version applicable for the excitation energy (EE) calculations has been formulated for high spin components. The EE-EOM-CC scheme based on the restricted Hartree-Fock reference and standard amplitude equations as used in the Davidson diagonalization procedure yields the singlet states. The triplet and higher spin components require separate amplitude equations. In the case of quintets, the relevant equations are much simpler and easier to solve. Out of 26 diagrammatic terms contributing to the R1 and R2 singlet equations in the case of quintets, only R2 operator survives with 5 diagrammatic terms present. In addition all terms engaging three body elements of the similarity transformed Hamiltonian disappear. This indicates a substantial simplification of the theory. The implemented method has been applied to the pilot study of the excited states of the C2 molecule and quintet states of C and Si atoms.

  1. Robust spin-polarized midgap states at step edges of topological crystalline insulators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sessi, Paolo; Di Sante, Domenico; Szczerbakow, Andrzej; Glott, Florian; Wilfert, Stefan; Schmidt, Henrik; Bathon, Thomas; Dziawa, Piotr; Greiter, Martin; Neupert, Titus; Sangiovanni, Giorgio; Story, Tomasz; Thomale, Ronny; Bode, Matthias

    2016-12-01

    Topological crystalline insulators are materials in which the crystalline symmetry leads to topologically protected surface states with a chiral spin texture, rendering them potential candidates for spintronics applications. Using scanning tunneling spectroscopy, we uncover the existence of one-dimensional (1D) midgap states at odd-atomic surface step edges of the three-dimensional topological crystalline insulator (Pb,Sn)Se. A minimal toy model and realistic tight-binding calculations identify them as spin-polarized flat bands connecting two Dirac points. This nontrivial origin provides the 1D midgap states with inherent stability and protects them from backscattering. We experimentally show that this stability results in a striking robustness to defects, strong magnetic fields, and elevated temperature.

  2. A Rubidium M$_{\\mathrm{x}}$-magnetometer for Measurements on Solid State Spins

    CERN Document Server

    Arnold, Daniel; Grisanti, Emily; Wrachtrup, Jörg; Gerhardt, Ilja

    2016-01-01

    The detection of environmental magnetic fields is well established by optically pumped atomic magnetometers. Another focus of magnetometry can be the research on magnetic or spin-active solid-state samples. Here we introduce a simple and compact design of a rubidium-based M$_{\\mathrm{x}}$-magnetometer, which allows for hosting solid-state samples. The optical, mechanical and electrical design is reported, as well as simple measurements which introduce the ground-state spin-relaxation time, the signal-to-noise ratio of a measurement, and subsequently the overall sensitivity of the magnetometer. The magnetometer is optimized for the most sensitive operation with respect to laser power and magnetic field excitation at the Larmor frequency.

  3. The preformation probability inside Alpha-emitters having different ground state spin-parity than daughters

    CERN Document Server

    Seif, W M; Refaie, A I

    2015-01-01

    The ground-state spin and parity of a formed daughter in the radioactive Alpha-emitter is expected to influence the preformation probability of the Alpha and daughter clusters inside it. We investigate the Alpha and daughter preformation probability inside odd-A and doubly-odd radioactive nuclei when the daughter and parent are of different spin and/or parity. We consider only the ground-state to ground-state unfavored decays. This is to extract precise information about the effect of the difference in the ground states spin-parity of the involved nuclei far away any influences from the excitation energy if the decays are coming from isomeric states. The calculations are done for 161 Alpha-emitters, with Z=65-112 and N=84-173, in the framework of the extended cluster model, with WKB penetrability and assault frequency. We used a Hamiltonian energy density scheme based on Skyrme-SLy4 interaction to compute the interaction potential. The Alpha plus cluster preformation probability is extracted from the calculat...

  4. High-Spin States and Level Structure in Stable Nucleus 84Sr

    CERN Document Server

    Shen, Shuifa; Han, Guangbing; Wen, Shuxian; Yan, Yupeng; Yan, Shiwei; Wu, Xiaoguang; Zhu, Lihua; Li, Guangsheng; He, Chuangye

    2011-01-01

    High-spin states of 84Sr were populated through the reaction 70Zn(18O, 4n)84Sr at 75 MeV beam energy. Measurement of excitation function, gamma-gamma coincidences, directional correlation of oriented states (DCO) ratios and gamma-transition intensities were performed using eight anticompton HPGe detectors and one planar HPGe detector. Based on the measured results, a new level scheme of 84Sr was established in which 12 new states and nearly 30 new gamma-transitions were identified in the present work. The positive-parity states of the new level scheme were compared with results from calculations in the framework of the projected shell model (PSM). One negative-parity band was extended to spin I=19 and it can be found that in the high-spin states the gamma-transition energies show the nature of signature staggering. The negative-parity band levels are in good agreement with the deformed configuration-mixing shell model (DCM) calculations.

  5. Multi-spin-state at a Li3PO4/LiCoO2 (104) interface.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sumita, Masato; Ohno, Takahisa

    2016-02-14

    We have found the disproportion between the intermediate spin (IS) and low spin (LS) configurations of Co atoms at a Li3PO4/LiCoO2 (104) interface through density functional molecular dynamics (DF-MD). The manifold of the spin state at the interface, however, does not affect the band alignment between the Li3PO4 and LiCoO2 regions.

  6. Spin-valley locking in the normal state of a transition-metal dichalcogenide superconductor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bawden, L; Cooil, S P; Mazzola, F; Riley, J M; Collins-McIntyre, L J; Sunko, V; Hunvik, K W B; Leandersson, M; Polley, C M; Balasubramanian, T; Kim, T K; Hoesch, M; Wells, J W; Balakrishnan, G; Bahramy, M S; King, P D C

    2016-01-01

    Metallic transition-metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) are benchmark systems for studying and controlling intertwined electronic orders in solids, with superconductivity developing from a charge-density wave state. The interplay between such phases is thought to play a critical role in the unconventional superconductivity of cuprates, Fe-based and heavy-fermion systems, yet even for the more moderately-correlated TMDCs, their nature and origins have proved controversial. Here, we study a prototypical example, 2H-NbSe2, by spin- and angle-resolved photoemission and first-principles theory. We find that the normal state, from which its hallmark collective phases emerge, is characterized by quasiparticles whose spin is locked to their valley pseudospin. This results from a combination of strong spin-orbit interactions and local inversion symmetry breaking, while interlayer coupling further drives a rich three-dimensional momentum dependence of the underlying Fermi-surface spin texture. These findings necessitate a re-investigation of the nature of charge order and superconducting pairing in NbSe2 and related TMDCs.

  7. Analytic model for low energy excitation states and phase transitions in spin-ice systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    López-Bara, F. I.; López-Aguilar, F.

    2017-04-01

    Low energy excitation states in magnetic structures of the so-called spin-ices are produced via spin flips among contiguous tetrahedra of their crystal structure. These spin flips generate entities which mimic magnetic dipoles in every two tetrahedra according to the dumbbell model. When the temperature increases, the spin-flip processes are transmitted in the lattice, generating so-called Dirac strings, which constitute structural entities that can present mimetic behavior similar to that of magnetic monopoles. In recent studies of both specific heat and ac magnetic susceptibility, two (even possibly three) phases have been shown to vary the temperature. The first of these phases presents a sharp peak in the specific heat and another phase transition occurs for increasing temperature whose peak is broader than that of the former phase. The sharp peak occurs when there are no free individual magnetic charges and temperature of the second phase transition coincides with the maximum proliferation of free deconfined magnetic charges. In the present paper, we propose a model for analyzing the low energy excitation many-body states of these spin-ice systems. We give analytical formulas for the internal energy, specific heat, entropy and their temperature evolution. We study the description of the possible global states via the nature and structure of their one-body components by means of the thermodynamic functions. Below 0.37 K, the Coulomb-like magnetic charge interaction can generate a phase transition to a condensation of pole–antipole pairs, possibly having Bose–Einstein structure which is responsible for the sharp peak of the first phase transition. When there are sufficient free positive and negative charges, the system tends to behave as a magnetic plasma, which implies the broader peak in the specific heat appearing at higher temperature than the sharper experimental peak.

  8. Spin relaxation and the Elliott-Yafet parameter in W(001) ultrathin films: Surface states, anisotropy, and oscillation effects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Long, Nguyen H.; Mavropoulos, Phivos; Zimmermann, Bernd; Heers, Swantje; Bauer, David S. G.; Blügel, Stefan; Mokrousov, Yuriy

    2013-06-01

    Using first-principles methods based on density-functional theory, we investigate the spin relaxation in W(001) ultrathin films. Within the framework of the Elliott-Yafet theory, we calculate the spin mixing of the Bloch states and we explicitly consider spin-flip scattering off self-adatoms. At small film thicknesses, we find an oscillatory behavior of the spin-mixing parameter and relaxation rate as a function of the film thickness, which we trace back to surface-state properties. We also analyze the Rashba effect experienced by the surface states and discuss its influence on the spin relaxation. Finally, we calculate the anisotropy of the spin-relaxation rate with respect to the polarization direction of the excited spin population relative to the crystallographic axes of the film. We find that the spin-relaxation rate can increase by as much as 27% when the spin polarization is directed out of plane, compared to the case when it is in plane. Our calculations are based on the multiple-scattering formalism of the Korringa-Kohn-Rostoker Green-function method.

  9. Decoherence-protected quantum gates for a hybrid solid-state spin register.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Sar, T; Wang, Z H; Blok, M S; Bernien, H; Taminiau, T H; Toyli, D M; Lidar, D A; Awschalom, D D; Hanson, R; Dobrovitski, V V

    2012-04-04

    Protecting the dynamics of coupled quantum systems from decoherence by the environment is a key challenge for solid-state quantum information processing. An idle quantum bit (qubit) can be efficiently insulated from the outside world by dynamical decoupling, as has recently been demonstrated for individual solid-state qubits. However, protecting qubit coherence during a multi-qubit gate is a non-trivial problem: in general, the decoupling disrupts the interqubit dynamics and hence conflicts with gate operation. This problem is particularly salient for hybrid systems, in which different types of qubit evolve and decohere at very different rates. Here we present the integration of dynamical decoupling into quantum gates for a standard hybrid system, the electron-nuclear spin register. Our design harnesses the internal resonance in the coupled-spin system to resolve the conflict between gate operation and decoupling. We experimentally demonstrate these gates using a two-qubit register in diamond operating at room temperature. Quantum tomography reveals that the qubits involved in the gate operation are protected as accurately as idle qubits. We also perform Grover's quantum search algorithm, and achieve fidelities of more than 90% even though the algorithm run-time exceeds the electron spin dephasing time by two orders of magnitude. Our results directly allow decoherence-protected interface gates between different types of solid-state qubit. Ultimately, quantum gates with integrated decoupling may reach the accuracy threshold for fault-tolerant quantum information processing with solid-state devices.

  10. Spin polarized PES on interface states of MgO/Fe/GaAs(100)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gottlob, Daniel [Experimentelle Physik 1 - Technische Universitaet Dortmund, Otto-Hahn-Str. 4, D-44221 Dortmund (Germany); Institurte of Solid State Research - IFF-9 Electronic Properties - Research Center Juelich, D-52425 Juelich (Germany); Plucinski, Lukasz; Schneider, Claus M. [Institurte of Solid State Research - IFF-9 Electronic Properties - Research Center Juelich, D-52425 Juelich (Germany); Westphal, Carsten [Experimentelle Physik 1 - Technische Universitaet Dortmund, Otto-Hahn-Str. 4, D-44221 Dortmund (Germany)

    2010-07-01

    Spintronics is an important field of current Solid State Research and Magnetic Tunnel Junctions (MTJ's) now are within our grasp. In MTJ's the nature of the electronic structure at the interface determins the tunneling process, and thereby the magnetoresistive potential of the MTJ. Electronic interface states can have influence on the tunneling process in epitaxial MTJs especially for thinner tunnel barriers. At our ongoing research we will take a closer look at an off-normal surface state of Fe/GaAs(100) and see whether it still exists as an interface state if we cap the Fe by 1-3 monolayers of MgO. We collect spin-polarized spectra to confirm the spin polarization in this band after the evaporation of MgO. The measurements take place at Beamline 5 at DELTA, Dortmund, with a unique detector setup. We can acquire 2-dimensional angle resolved data for band mapping and spin-polarized one-dimensional data quasi-simultaneously. Our samples are prepared in-situ by e-beam evaporation and characterized by LEED and Auger spectroscopy.

  11. Zeroth order quantum coherences and preparation of pseudopure state in homonuclear dipolar coupling spin systems

    CERN Document Server

    Furman, G B

    2006-01-01

    Dynamics of zeroth order quantum coherences and preparation of the pseudopure states in homonuclear systems of dipolar coupling spins is closely examined. It has been shown an extreme important role of the non-diagonal part of zeroth order coherence in construction of the pseudopure state. Simulations of the preparation process of pseudopure states with the real molecular structures (a rectangular (-chloro- -nitrobenzene molecule), a chain (hydroxyapatite molecule), a ring (benzene molecule), and a double ring (cyclopentane molecule)) open the way to experimental testing of the obtained results.

  12. Instrumentation for solid-state dynamic nuclear polarization with magic angle spinning NMR

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosay, Melanie; Blank, Monica; Engelke, Frank

    2016-03-01

    Advances in dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) instrumentation and methodology have been key factors in the recent growth of solid-state DNP NMR applications. We review the current state of the art of solid-state DNP NMR instrumentation primarily based on available commercial platforms. We start with a general system overview, including options for microwave sources and DNP NMR probes, and then focus on specific developments for DNP at 100 K with magic angle spinning (MAS). Gyrotron microwave sources, passive components to transmit microwaves, the DNP MAS probe, a cooling device for low-temperature MAS, and sample preparation procedures including radicals for DNP are considered.

  13. {gamma} decay of spin-isospin states in {sup 13}N via ({sup 3}He, t{gamma}) reaction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ihara, F.; Akimune, H.; Daito, I.; Fujimura, H.; Fujiwara, M.; Inomata, T.; Ishibashi, K.; Yoshida, H. [Osaka Univ., Ibaraki (Japan). Research Center for Nuclear Physics; Fujita, Y.

    1998-03-01

    Spin-isospin states in {sup 13}N have been studied by means of the {sup 13}C ({sup 3}He,t) reaction at and near zero degree, at E({sup 3}He)=450 MeV. Decayed {gamma}-rays from each state were measured at backward angle in coincidence with the ejectile tritons. The branching ratio of {gamma} decay for some of spin-isospin states were determined and were compared to those from previous data. (author)

  14. Lifetime measurement of excited low-spin states via the $(p,p^{\\prime}\\gamma$) reaction

    CERN Document Server

    Hennig, A; Mineva, M N; Petkov, P; Pickstone, S G; Spieker, M; Zilges, A

    2015-01-01

    In this article a method for lifetime measurements in the sub-picosecond regime via the Doppler-shift attenuation method (DSAM) following the inelastic proton scattering reaction is presented. In a pioneering experiment we extracted the lifetimes of 30 excited low-spin states of $^{96}$Ru, taking advantage of the coincident detection of scattered protons and de-exciting $\\gamma$-rays as well as the large number of particle and $\\gamma$-ray detectors provided by the SONIC@HORUS setup at the University of Cologne. The large amount of new experimental data shows that this technique is suited for the measurement of lifetimes of excited low-spin states, especially for isotopes with a low isotopic abundance, where $(n,n^{\\prime}\\gamma$) or - in case of investigating dipole excitations - ($\\gamma,\\gamma^{\\prime}$) experiments are not feasible due to the lack of sufficient isotopically enriched target material.

  15. Theoretical approaches to control spin dynamics in solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Eugene Stephane Mananga

    2015-12-01

    This article reviews theoretical approaches for controlling spin dynamics in solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance. We present fundamental theories in the history of NMR, namely, the average Hamiltonian and Floquet theories. We also discuss emerging theories such as the Fer and Floquet-Magnus expansions. These theories allow one to solve the time-dependent Schrodinger equation, which is still the central problem in spin dynamics of solid-state NMR. Examples from the literature that highlight several applications of these theories are presented, and particular attention is paid to numerical integrators and propagator operators. The problem of time propagation calculated with Chebychev expansion and the future development of numerical directions with the Cayley transformation are considered. The bibliography includes 190 references.

  16. Density of states of continuous and discrete spin models: a case study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nardini, Cesare; Nerattini, Rachele; Casetti, Lapo

    2012-02-01

    A relation between O(n) lattice spin models and Ising models defined on the same lattice was recently put forward (Casetti et al 2011 Phys. Rev. Lett. 106 057208). Such a relation, inspired by an energy landscape analysis, implies that the density of states of an O(n) spin model on a lattice can be effectively approximated, at least close to the phase transition, in terms of the density of states of an Ising model defined on the same lattice and with the same interactions. In this paper we show that such a relation exactly holds, albeit in a slightly modified form, in the special cases of the mean-field XY model and the one-dimensional XY model. We also discuss the possible consequences of this result for the general case.

  17. The role of spin state on the local atomic and electronic structures of some metalloporphyrin complexes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suchkova, S A; Soldatov, A [Southern Federal University, Sorge str. 5, 344090 Rostov-on-Don (Russian Federation); Dziedzik-Kocurek, K [Yagellonian University, Krakow (Poland); Stillman, M J, E-mail: suchkova_sv@inbox.r [University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario (Canada)

    2009-11-15

    The Porphyrin molecule is an archetypal metalloorganic complex, which shows up in many biochemical molecules like chlorophyll, haemoglobin and cytochrome. The prospect of switching the spin in the metalloporphyrin ring is a particularly interesting one, as this could be used, for example, for spin-dependent electric transport through biomolecular devices. These molecules can be used in various applications like optical switches, information storage and non linear optics. Here, we study the molecular spin state of chloro-hemin, hemin cyanide and hemin carbonyl molecules by ADF code. Chloro-hemin has been studied by analyzing the Fe K-edge X-Ray Absorption Near Edge Structure (XANES) spectra. At first stage of investigation we assume an approximate initial geometry, then we perform the geometry optimization with different molecular spin states and search for configuration with minimal total energy with the use of Density Functional Theory (ADF 2008). The results of geometry optimization of chloro-hemin molecule performed with the GGA OPBE functional showed that configuration with total spin S = 5/2 has minimal total energy. This configuration corresponds well with the geometry structure obtained via X-Ray diffraction method (Fe-N-N angle is 13.3{sup 0}). The similar calculations that were carried out for hemin carbonyl and hemin cyanide molecules showed that for these structures minimal energy is found to be for S = 1/2. The experimental Fe K-XANES spectra of the investigated compound have been collected. The theoretical analysis of the experimental data has been performed on the basis of finite difference method (FDMnes2007 program code).

  18. Hydration-induced spin-glass state in a frustrated Na-Mn-O triangular lattice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bakaimi, Ioanna; Brescia, Rosaria; Brown, Craig M.; Tsirlin, Alexander A.; Green, Mark A.; Lappas, Alexandros

    2016-05-01

    Birnessite compounds are stable across a wide range of compositions that produces a remarkable diversity in their physical, electrochemical, and functional properties. These are hydrated analogs of the magnetically frustrated, mixed-valent manganese oxide structures, with general formula, N axMn O2 . Here we demonstrate that the direct hydration of layered rock-salt type α-NaMn O2 , with the geometrically frustrated triangular lattice topology, yields the birnessite type oxide, N a0.36Mn O2.0.2 H2O , transforming its magnetic properties. This compound has a much-expanded interlayer spacing compared to its parent α-NaMn O2 compound. We show that while the parent α-NaMn O2 possesses a Néel temperature of 45 K as a result of broken symmetry in the M n3 + sublattice, the hydrated derivative undergoes collective spin freezing at 29 K within the M n3 +/M n4 + sublattice. Scaling-law analysis of the frequency dispersion of the ac susceptibility, as well as the temperature-dependent, low-field dc magnetization confirm a cooperative spin-glass state of strongly interacting spins. This is supported by complementary spectroscopic analysis [high-angle annular dark-field scanning transmission electron miscroscopy (TEM), energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy, and electron energy-loss spectroscopy] as well as by a structural investigation (high-resolution TEM, x-ray, and neutron powder diffraction) that yield insights into the chemical and atomic structure modifications. We conclude that the spin-glass state in birnessite is driven by the spin frustration imposed by the underlying triangular lattice topology that is further enhanced by the in-plane bond-disorder generated by the mixed-valent character of manganese in the layers.

  19. Spin-Free CC2 Implementation of Induced Transitions between Singlet Ground and Triplet Excited States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Helmich-Paris, Benjamin; Hättig, Christof; van Wüllen, Christoph

    2016-04-12

    In most organic molecules, phosphorescence has its origin in transitions from triplet exited states to the singlet ground state, which are spin-forbidden in nonrelativistic quantum mechanics. A sufficiently accurate description of phosphorescence lifetimes for molecules that contain only light elements can be achieved by treating the spin-orbit coupling (SOC) with perturbation theory (PT). We present an efficient implementation of this approach for the approximate coupled cluster singles and doubles model CC2 in combination with the resolution-of-the-identity approximation for the electron repulsion integrals. The induced oscillator strengths and phosphorescence lifetimes from SOC-PT are computed within the response theory framework. In contrast to previous work, we employ an explicitly spin-coupled basis for singlet and triplet operators. Thereby, a spin-orbital treatment can be entirely avoided for closed-shell molecules. For compounds containing only light elements, the phosphorescence lifetimes obtained with SOC-PT-CC2 are in good agreement with those of exact two-component (X2C) CC2, whereas the calculations are roughly 12 times faster than with X2C. Phosphorescence lifetimes computed for two thioketones with the SOC-PT-CC2 approach agree very well with reference results from experiment and are similar to those obtained with multireference spin-orbit configuration interaction and with X2C-CC2. An application to phosphorescent emitters for metal-free organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) with almost 60 atoms and more than 1800 basis functions demonstrates how the approach extends the applicability of coupled cluster methods for studying phosphorescence. The results indicate that other decay channels like vibrational relaxation may become important in such systems if lifetimes are large.

  20. Symmetry-selected spin-split hybrid states in C-60/ferromagnetic interfaces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Li, Dongzhe; Barreteau, Cyrille; Kawahara, Seiji Leo

    2016-01-01

    The understanding of orbital hybridization and spin polarization at the organic-ferromagnetic interface is essential in the search for efficient hybrid spintronic devices. Here, using first-principles calculations, we report a systematic study of spin-split hybrid states of C60 deposited on various...

  1. Quantum spin Hall states in graphene interacting with WS2 or WSe2

    KAUST Repository

    Kaloni, T. P.

    2014-12-08

    In the framework of first-principles calculations, we investigate the structural and electronic properties of graphene in contact with as well as sandwiched between WS2 and WSe2 monolayers. We report the modification of the band characteristics due to the interaction at the interface and demonstrate that the presence of the dichalcogenide results in quantum spin Hall states in the absence of a magnetic field.

  2. Magnetoelectric Coupling Induced Electric Dipole Glass State in Heisenberg Spin Glass

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Jun-Ming; CHAN-WONG Lai-Wa; CHOY Chung-Loong

    2009-01-01

    Multiferroic behavior in an isotropic Heisenberg spin glass with Gaussian random fields,incorporated bymagnetoelectric coupling derived from the Landau symmetry argument,are investigated.Electric dipole glass transitions at finite ternperature,due to coupling,are demonstrated by Monte Carlo simulation.This electric dipole glass state is solely ascribed to the coupling term with chiral symmetry of the magnetization,while the term associated with the spatial derivative of the squared magnetization has no contribution.

  3. A centred, elongated "ferric tetrahedron" with an S= 15/2 spin ground state.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tabernor, James; Jones, Leigh F; Heath, Sarah L; Muryn, Chris; Aromi, Guillem; Ribas, Joan; Brechin, Euan K; Collison, David

    2004-04-07

    The reaction of anhydrous FeCl(3) with 1H-benzotriazole-1-methanol (Bta-CH(2)OH) in MeOH produces the pentanuclear complex [Fe(5)O(2)(OMe)(2)(Bta)(4)(BtaH)(MeOH)(5)Cl(5)], containing a distorted tetrahedron of four Fe ions centred on a fifth. The central Fe is antiferromagnetically coupled to the peripheral Fe ions resulting in an S= 15/2 spin ground state.

  4. Spin-Droplet State of an Interacting 2D Electron System

    OpenAIRE

    Teneh, N.; Kuntsevich, A. Yu.; Pudalov, V. M.; Reznikov, M.

    2012-01-01

    We report thermodynamic magnetization measurements of two-dimensional electrons in several high mobility Si metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistors. We provide evidence for an easily polarizable electron state in a wide density range from insulating to deep into the metallic phase. The temperature and magnetic field dependence of the magnetization is consistent with the formation of large-spin droplets in the insulating phase. These droplets melt in the metallic phase with increasi...

  5. Modelling of Octahedral Manganese II Complexes with Inorganic Ligands: A Problem with Spin-States

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ludwik Adamowicz

    2003-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Quantum mechanical ab initio UHF, MP2, MC-SCF and DFT calculations with moderate Gaussian basis sets were performed for MnX6, X = H2O, F-, CN-, manganese octahedral complexes. The correct spin-state of the complexes was obtained only when the counter ions neutralizing the entire complexes were used in the modelling at the B3LYP level of theory.

  6. Generation of Quality Pulses for Control of Qubit/Quantum Memory Spin States: Experimental and Simulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-09-01

    10 16. Gain plot of DARPA SURF tunable band-pass filter tuned to 950-MHz .............................. 10 v 17. VSG at -50 dBm: Experimental... strength and the pulse duration with enough accuracy to control the spin states reliably. A rotation angle error arises from the inaccuracy of the pulse...gain. Figure 8 plots the simulation in red and a direct output from the VSG in blue. The VSG alone provides a high-quality pulse train with a 15-MHz

  7. Structure of high-spin states in A {approx} 60 region

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nakada, Hitoshi [Chiba Univ. (Japan); Furutaka, K.; Hatsukawa, Y. [and others

    1998-03-01

    High-spin states in the proton-rich Cu-Zn nuclei are investigated by the experiments at JAERI. New levels and {gamma}-rays are identified by the particle-{gamma}-{gamma} coincidence, and J{sup P} assignments are made via the DCO ratio analysis. Yrast sequences are observed up to J {approx} 18 for {sup 62}Zn, and {sup 64}Zn, J {approx} 27/2 for {sup 61}Cu and J {approx} 23/2 for {sup 63}Cu. Though we cannot settle new J{sup P} values for {sup 61,63}Zn, their yrast sequence is also extended. In {sup 64}Zn, a doublet of {gamma}-rays is discovered at 1315 keV, clarifying the similarity in the level scheme between {sup 62}Zn and {sup 64}Zn. We reproduce the yrast levels by a shell-model calculation, by which structure of the high-spin states is further studied. A parity change in the yrast sequence is established, in which the unique-parity orbit 0g{sub 9/2} plays an essential role; one nucleon excitation to g{sub 9/2} gains high angular momentum with low seniority, at the cost of the single-parity energy. Second parity-change is also suggested by the calculation. Such parity change seems characteristic to spherical or nearly spherical nuclei. In {sup 61}Cu, concentration of the {gamma}-ray intensity is observed. This happens because a stretched 3-quasiparticle configuration including 0g{sub 9/2} is relatively stable, similarly to some isomers. Thus, by studying the structure of the high-spin states of the A {approx} 60 nuclei, we have clarified the role of unique-parity orbit in high-spin states, which may be generic to spherical and nearly spherical nuclei. (J.P.N.)

  8. Infinite matrix product states for long-range SU(N spin models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Bondesan

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available We construct 1D and 2D long-range SU(N spin models as parent Hamiltonians associated with infinite matrix product states. The latter are constructed from correlators of primary fields in the SU(N1 WZW model. Since the resulting groundstates are of Gutzwiller–Jastrow type, our models can be regarded as lattice discretizations of fractional quantum Hall systems. We then focus on two specific types of 1D spin chains with spins located on the unit circle, a uniform and an alternating arrangement. For an equidistant distribution of identical spins we establish an explicit connection to the SU(N Haldane–Shastry model, thereby proving that the model is critical and described by a SU(N1 WZW model. In contrast, while turning out to be critical as well, the alternating model can only be treated numerically. Our numerical results rely on a reformulation of the original problem in terms of loop models.

  9. Detection of topological states in two-dimensional Dirac systems by the dynamic spin susceptibility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakamura, Masaaki; Tokuno, Akiyuki

    2016-08-01

    We discuss dynamic spin susceptibility (DSS) in two-dimensional (2D) Dirac electrons with spin-orbit interactions to characterize topological insulators. The imaginary part of the DSS appears as an absorption rate in response to a transverse ac magnetic field, just as in an electron spin resonance experiment for localized spin systems. We found that when the system is in a static magnetic field, the topological state can be identified by an anomalous resonant peak of the imaginary part of the DSS as a function of the frequency of the transverse magnetic field ω . In the absence of a static magnetic field, the imaginary part of the DSS becomes a continuous function of ω with a threshold frequency ωc. In this case, the topological and the trivial phases can also be distinguished by the values of ωc and by the line shapes. Thus the DSS is an experimentally observable physical quantity to characterize a topological insulator directly from bulk properties, without observing a topological transition.

  10. Local Spin State Measurements in Critically Doped La0 . 83Sr0 . 17CO3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gulec, Ahmet; Klie, Robert F.

    2014-03-01

    Strontium doped LaCO3 has fascinating magnetic phases which are believed to be directly related to Co spin states. Critically doped La0 . 83 Sr0 . 17 CO3 undergoes a simultaneous Insulator to Metal Transition (IMT) and ferromagnetic (FM) order transition. In this work, we will utilized atomic-resolution Z-contrast imaging, annular bright field (ABF) imaging and electron energy-loss spectroscopy in the aberration-corrected JEOL JEM-ARM200CF in combination with cooling experiments to examine the local magnetic and spin-state transitions in critically doped La0 . 83 Sr0 . 17 CO3 between 80 K and 300 K. Our energy-loss magnetic circular dichroism (EMCD) experiments confirm the non-localized increase in the dichromatic signal at low temperature, associated with a change in the co-ion spin state. On the other hand, by using he ABF imaging, a distortion of the CO6 octahedral and the changes in the Co-O bond lengths within the same unit cell are observed. NSF CAREER Award DMR-0846748

  11. Non-asymptotic Equipartition Properties for Independent and Identically Distributed Sources

    CERN Document Server

    Yang, En-Hui

    2012-01-01

    Given an independent and identically distributed source $X = \\{X_i \\}_{i=1}^{\\infty}$ with finite Shannon entropy or differential entropy (as the case may be) $H(X)$, the non-asymptotic equipartition property (NEP) with respect to $H(X)$ is established, which characterizes, for any finite block length $n$, how close $-{1\\over n} \\ln p(X_1 X_2...X_n)$ is to $H(X)$ by determining the information spectrum of $X_1 X_2...X_n $, i.e., the distribution of $-{1\\over n} \\ln p(X_1 X_2...X_n)$. Non-asymptotic equipartition properties (with respect to conditional entropy, mutual information, and relative entropy) in a similar nature are also established. These non-asymptotic equipartition properties are instrumental to the development of non-asymptotic coding (including both source and channel coding) results in information theory in the same way as the asymptotic equipartition property to all asymptotic coding theorems established so far in information theory. As an example, the NEP with respect to $H(X)$ is used to est...

  12. Resampling methods for particle filtering:identical distribution, a new method, and comparable study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tian-cheng LI; Gabriel VILLARRUBIA; Shu-dong SUN; Juan M CORCHADO; Javier BAJO

    2015-01-01

    Resampling is a critical procedure that is of both theoretical and practical significance for efficient implementation of the particle filter. To gain an insight of the resampling process and the filter, this paper contributes in three further respects as a sequel to the tutorial (Li et al., 2015). First, identical distribution (ID) is established as a general principle for the resampling design, which requires the distribution of particles before and after resampling to be statistically identical. Three consistent met-rics including the (symmetrical) Kullback-Leibler divergence, Kolmogorov-Smirnov statistic, and the sampling variance are introduced for assessment of the ID attribute of resampling, and a corresponding, qualitative ID analysis of representative resampling methods is given. Second, a novel resampling scheme that obtains the optimal ID attribute in the sense of minimum sampling variance is proposed. Third, more than a dozen typical resampling methods are compared via simulations in terms of sample size variation, sampling variance, computing speed, and estimation accuracy. These form a more comprehensive under-standing of the algorithm, providing solid guidelines for either selection of existing resampling methods or new implementations.

  13. Effects of spin-orbit coupling on the electronic states and spectroscopic properties of diatomic SeS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chattopadhyaya, Surya; Nath, Abhijit; Das, Kalyan Kumar

    2016-03-01

    The electronic states and spectroscopic properties of selenium monosulfide (78Se32S) have been studied using relativistic configuration interaction methodology that includes effective core potentials of the constituent atoms. Potential energy curves of several spin-excluded (Λ-S) electronic states have been constructed and spectroscopic constants of low-lying bound Λ-S states within 5.1 eV are reported in the first stage of the calculations. In the next stage, the spin-orbit interaction has been incorporated and its effects on the potential energy curves and spectroscopic properties of the species have been investigated in detail. After the inclusion of spin-orbit coupling, the {{{{X}}}{{1}}}{{3}}{Σ }{0+}- is identified as the spin-orbit (Ω) ground state of the species. The transition moments of several important dipole-allowed and spin-forbidden transitions are calculated and the radiative lifetimes of the excited states involved in the respective transitions are computed. Electric dipole moments (μ z) for some low-lying bound Λ-S states as well as a few low-lying spin-orbit states (Ω-states) are also calculated in the present study.

  14. Ground state study of the thin ferromagnetic nano-islands for artificial spin ice arrays

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vieira Júnior, D. S., E-mail: damiao.vieira@ifsudestemg.edu.br [Departamento Acadêmico de Matemática, Física e Estatística, Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia do Sudeste de Minas Gerais - Câmpus Rio Pomba, Rio Pomba, Minas Gerais 36180-000 (Brazil); Departamento de Física, Laboratório de Simulação Computacional, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais 36036-330 (Brazil); Leonel, S. A., E-mail: sidiney@fisica.ufjf.br; Dias, R. A., E-mail: radias@fisica.ufjf.br; Toscano, D., E-mail: danilotoscano@fisica.ufjf.br; Coura, P. Z., E-mail: pablo@fisica.ufjf.br; Sato, F., E-mail: sjfsato@fisica.ufjf.br [Departamento de Física, Laboratório de Simulação Computacional, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais 36036-330 (Brazil)

    2014-09-07

    In this work, we used numerical simulations to study the magnetic ground state of the thin elongated (elliptical) ferromagnetic nano-islands made of Permalloy. In these systems, the effects of demagnetization of dipolar source generate a strong magnetic anisotropy due to particle shape, defining two fundamental magnetic ground state configurations—vortex or type C. To describe the system, we considered a model Hamiltonian in which the magnetic moments interact through exchange and dipolar potentials. We studied the competition between the vortex states and aligned states—type C—as a function of the shape of each elliptical nano-islands and constructed a phase diagram vortex—type C state. Our results show that it is possible to obtain the elongated nano-islands in the C-state with aspect ratios less than 2, which is interesting from the technological point of view because it will be possible to use smaller islands in spin ice arrays. Generally, the experimental spin ice arrangements are made with quite elongated particles with aspect ratio approximately 3 to ensure the C-state.

  15. Ultrafast Spin-State Dynamics in Transition-Metal Complexes Triggered by Soft-X-Ray Light

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Huihui; Bokarev, Sergey I.; Aziz, Saadullah G.; Kühn, Oliver

    2017-01-01

    Recent advances in attosecond physics provide access to the correlated motion of valence and core electrons on their intrinsic timescales. For valence excitations, processes related to the electron spin are usually driven by nuclear motion. For core-excited states, where the core hole has a nonzero angular momentum, spin-orbit coupling is strong enough to drive spin flips on a much shorter time scale. Here, unprecedented short spin crossover is demonstrated for L -edge (2 p →3 d ) excited states of a prototypical Fe(II) complex. It occurs on a time scale, which is faster than the core-hole lifetime of about 4 fs and can be manipulated by the excitation conditions. A detailed analysis of such phenomena will help to gain a fundamental understanding of spin-crossover processes and establish the basis for their control by light.

  16. Unconventional normal-state spin dynamics in underdoped high-Tc cuprates as a fingerprint of spiral correlations of localized spins and dual localized/itinerant nature of spin fluctuations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Onufrieva, F.

    2017-03-01

    The paper is motivated by the observation of unusual and not well understood spin dynamics in low- and moderately doped high-Tc cuprates as well as by the discovery in these materials of a static incommensurate order for doping exceeding the insulator-metal boundary in the phase diagram. We develop a microscopic approach that allows us to treat accurately the quantum fluctuations in the spiral state developing upon doping the Mott-Neel insulator. We show that the spiral order of localized spins induces an off-diagonal order of mobile charges and a gap Δ ∝|Q | in their spectrum (Q is the spiral incommensurability wave vector defined with respect to QAF). Due to the dynamic spin-charge interaction the latter gap produces a feedback effect consisting in the appearence of a gap in the coherent spin excitation spectrum. As a result, the characteristic energy ωc=Δ appears, in the spin excitation spectra. It separates two components with qualitatively different behavior-above ωc, spin excitations are magnonlike and have an upward dispersion, below it, they are of the relaxation type and have a slight downward dispersion. The form of the dispersion is close to the form observed experimentally (by inelastic neutron scattering), which can be characterized as OPEN-hour-glass shaped or Y -shaped. There is no qualitative difference between the spin dynamics in the normal and SC states as far as doping is relatively low. There is no resonance. Other important features, including the incommensurability and uniaxial anisotropy of the low-energy spin excitations and the doping dependencies of the characteristic energy and wave vectors, are also close to those observed experimentally in low-doped cuprates. We show that the static spiral state becomes unstable at the critical doping nc. We show also that adopting the hypothesis about the presence of finite-energy spiral correlations in the paramagnetic state above nc and based on the results obtained for the static spiral state

  17. A magnetic trap for high-field seeking neutron spin states

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Th. Brenner

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available A first experimental demonstration of a new type of magnetic trap for ultra-cold neutrons is presented. High-field seeking spin-states are trapped in a potential formed by the magnetic field of a straight wire and a repulsive coating on the wire surface. Life-times of the trapped neutrons of 60 s could be observed. This configuration can in principle be used to form bound states of the wave function on the surface of the wire to probe new forces at short distances. Further applications include the use as a guide and selector for perfectly polarized neutrons.

  18. A magnetic trap for high-field seeking neutron spin states

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brenner, Th. [Institut Laue-Langevin, 38042 Grenoble Cedex 9 (France); Chesnevskaya, S. [Physik Department, Technische Universität München, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Fierlinger, P., E-mail: peter.fierlinger@tum.de [Physik Department, Technische Universität München, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Geltenbort, P. [Institut Laue-Langevin, 38042 Grenoble Cedex 9 (France); Gutsmiedl, E. [Physik Department, Technische Universität München, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Lauer, T. [Forschungsneutronenquelle Heinz Maier-Leibnitz, Technische Universität München, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Rezai, K. [University of California at Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Rothe, J. [Physik Department, Technische Universität München, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Zechlau, T. [Forschungsneutronenquelle Heinz Maier-Leibnitz, Technische Universität München, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Zou, R. [University of California at Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)

    2015-02-04

    A first experimental demonstration of a new type of magnetic trap for ultra-cold neutrons is presented. High-field seeking spin-states are trapped in a potential formed by the magnetic field of a straight wire and a repulsive coating on the wire surface. Life-times of the trapped neutrons of 60 s could be observed. This configuration can in principle be used to form bound states of the wave function on the surface of the wire to probe new forces at short distances. Further applications include the use as a guide and selector for perfectly polarized neutrons.

  19. Construction of photon-added spin coherent states and their statistical properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Berrada, K., E-mail: kberrada@ictp.it [Al Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University (IMSIU), College of Science, Department of Physics, Riyadh (Saudi Arabia); The Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Strada Costiera 11, Miramare-Trieste (Italy)

    2015-07-15

    In the present work, we construct and investigate some properties of the photon-added spin coherent states (PA-SCSs). The Klauder’s minimal set of conditions required to obtain coherent states are discussed. We give the analytical form for the positive weight function in the resolution of unity. Finally, we examine the statistical properties of the PA-SCSs in terms of different parameters using the Mandel’s Q-parameter. All these quantities are expressed in terms of hypergeometric and Meijer G-functions, and so, the PA-SCSs are a new field of application for these functions.

  20. Emission of correlated electron pairs from Au(111) and Cu(111) surfaces under low-energy electron impact: Contribution of surface states, d-states and spin effects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Samarin, S., E-mail: samar@physics.uwa.edu.au [Centre for Atomic, Molecular and Surface Physics, University of Western Australia, Perth, WA 6009 (Australia); Research Institute of Physics, St. Petersburg University, St. Petersburg (Russian Federation); Artamonov, O.M. [Research Institute of Physics, St. Petersburg University, St. Petersburg (Russian Federation); Guagliardo, P. [Centre for Microscopy, Characterisation and Analysis, UWA, Perth (Australia); Pravica, L. [Centre for Atomic, Molecular and Surface Physics, University of Western Australia, Perth, WA 6009 (Australia); Baraban, A. [Research Institute of Physics, St. Petersburg University, St. Petersburg (Russian Federation); Schumann, F.O. [Max-Planck-Institut für Mikrostrukturphysik, Weinberg 2, D-06120 Halle (Germany); Williams, J.F. [Centre for Atomic, Molecular and Surface Physics, University of Western Australia, Perth, WA 6009 (Australia)

    2015-01-15

    Highlights: • Spin-polarized two-electron spectroscopy (e,2e) was applied for studying surface states on Cu(111) and Au(111). • Relative (to d-states) contribution of surface states in the (e,2e) spectrum decreases exponentially when primary electron energy increases from 14 to 30 eV. • Spin asymmetry is readily observed in the spectra of Au(111) whereas in the spectra of Cu(111) the spin effect is negligible. - Abstract: The emission of correlated electron pairs excited from surfaces of Au(111) and Cu(111) by low-energy electrons is measured and analyzed. Energy and momentum conservation allows identification of electron pairs involving excitation of electrons from Shockley surface states and from valence d-states. The relative contributions of surface and d-states to the measured spectra of correlated electron pairs is shown to depend on the primary electron energy and is larger from surface states at relatively small primary energies. The use of a spin-polarized incident electron beam highlights the spin effects in producing an electron pair. Measurements show that spin effects are larger for the pair excitation from the valence d-states than for pairs excited from the surface states.

  1. Spin-Orbit induced semiconductor spin guides

    OpenAIRE

    Valin-Rodriguez, Manuel; Puente, Antonio; Serra, Llorens

    2002-01-01

    The tunability of the Rashba spin-orbit coupling allows to build semiconductor heterostructures with space modulated coupling intensities. We show that a wire-shaped spin-orbit modulation in a quantum well can support propagating electronic states inside the wire only for a certain spin orientation and, therefore, it acts as an effective spin transmission guide for this particular spin orientation.

  2. Engineering electrocatalytic activity in nanosized perovskite cobaltite through surface spin-state transition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Shiming; Miao, Xianbing; Zhao, Xu; Ma, Chao; Qiu, Yuhao; Hu, Zhenpeng; Zhao, Jiyin; Shi, Lei; Zeng, Jie

    2016-05-01

    The activity of electrocatalysts exhibits a strongly dependence on their electronic structures. Specifically, for perovskite oxides, Shao-Horn and co-workers have reported a correlation between the oxygen evolution reaction activity and the eg orbital occupation of transition-metal ions, which provides guidelines for the design of highly active catalysts. Here we demonstrate a facile method to engineer the eg filling of perovskite cobaltite LaCoO3 for improving the oxygen evolution reaction activity. By reducing the particle size to ~80 nm, the eg filling of cobalt ions is successfully increased from unity to near the optimal configuration of 1.2 expected by Shao-Horn's principle. Consequently, the activity is significantly enhanced, comparable to those of recently reported cobalt oxides with eg~1.2 configurations. This enhancement is ascribed to the emergence of spin-state transition from low-spin to high-spin states for cobalt ions at the surface of the nanoparticles, leading to more active sites with increased reactivity.

  3. Split window resonances for the photoionization of spin-orbit coupled subshell states in alkali atoms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koide, M. [Department of Science and Technology, Meisei University, Tokyo 191-8656 (Japan)]. E-mail: mkoide@galaxy.ocn.ne.jp; Koike, F. [School of Medicine, Kitasato University, Kanagawa 228-8555 (Japan); Azuma, Y. [PhotonFactory, IMSS, KEK, Ibaraki 305-0801 (Japan); Nagata, T. [Department of Science and Technology, Meisei University, Tokyo 191-8656 (Japan)

    2005-06-15

    We study the origin of dual window-type 3s->4p photoexcitation resonances of potassium atoms that have been observed previously [M. Koide et al., J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 71 (2002) 1676] by means of photoion spectroscopy. We also consider the sub-valence shell photoexcitations of other alkali metal atoms. In potassium 3p photoionizations, the photoion energy levels may be labeled by their total angular momenta, and they are well separated due to the spin-orbit couplings in 3p subshells. The system of a photoion and a photoelectron is therefore a superposition of different total spin states if expressed in terms of the LS-coupling scheme. The ionization continuum may couple with several intermediate discrete states with different total spin quantum numbers, giving a possibility to observe split resonance structures in the spectra of 3s->np photoexcitations and in other alkali-atom photoexcitations. We discuss the dual window-type resonances in potassium, rubidium, and cesium atoms.

  4. Extensive ab initio study of the electronic states of BSe radical including spin-orbit coupling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Siyuan; Zhai, Hongsheng; Liu, Yufang

    2016-06-01

    The internally contracted multi-reference configuration interaction method (MRCI) with Davidson modification and the Douglas-Kroll scalar relativistic correction has been used to calculate the BSe molecule at the level of aug-cc-pV5Z basis set. The calculated electronic states, including 9 doublet and 6 quartet Λ-S states, are correlated to the dissociation limit of B(2Pu) + Se(3Pg) and B(2Pu) + Se(1Dg). The Spin-orbit coupling (SOC) interaction is taken into account via the state interaction approach with the full Breit-Pauli Hamiltonian operator, which causes the entire 15 Λ-S states to split into 32 Ω states. This is the first time that the spin-orbit coupling calculation has been carried out on BSe. The potential energy curves of the Λ-S and Ω electronic states are depicted with the aid of the avoided crossing rule between electronic states of the same symmetry. The spectroscopic constants of the bound Λ-S and Ω states were determined, which are in good agreement with the experimental data. The transition dipole moments (TDMs) and the Franck-Condon factors (FCs) of the transitions from the low-lying bound Ω states A2Π(I)3/2, B2Π(I)1/2 and C2Δ(I)3/2 to the ground state X2Σ+1/2 have also been presented. Based on the previous calculations, the radiative lifetimes of the A2Π(I)3/2, B2Π(I)1/2 and C2Δ(I)3/2 were evaluated.

  5. Topological phase transition and quantum spin Hall edge states of antimony few layers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Sung Hwan; Jin, Kyung-Hwan; Park, Joonbum; Kim, Jun Sung; Jhi, Seung-Hoon; Yeom, Han Woong

    2016-09-01

    While two-dimensional (2D) topological insulators (TI’s) initiated the field of topological materials, only very few materials were discovered to date and the direct access to their quantum spin Hall edge states has been challenging due to material issues. Here, we introduce a new 2D TI material, Sb few layer films. Electronic structures of ultrathin Sb islands grown on Bi2Te2Se are investigated by scanning tunneling microscopy. The maps of local density of states clearly identify robust edge electronic states over the thickness of three bilayers in clear contrast to thinner islands. This indicates that topological edge states emerge through a 2D topological phase transition predicted between three and four bilayer films in recent theory. The non-trivial phase transition and edge states are confirmed for epitaxial films by extensive density-functional-theory calculations. This work provides an important material platform to exploit microscopic aspects of the quantum spin Hall phase and its quantum phase transition.

  6. Athermal exploration of Kagome artificial spin ice states by rotating field protocols

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Panagiotopoulos, I., E-mail: ipanagio@cc.uoi.gr

    2015-06-15

    Artificial Kagome spin ice arrays consisting of nanomagnets are model systems for the study of geometrical frustration, for which field demagnetization methods are insufficient to drive them in their ground states. Here the efficiency of different demagnetization protocols (involving rotation) is studied by micromagnetic simulations. The hysteresis loop of each element is greatly influenced by the magnetic state of the nearest neighbors, not only by the expected shift due to dipolar interaction bias, but as it regards the loop shape and width itself, which presents a correction to the usual macrospin calculation assumptions. It is shown that rotation in angular steps a little less than 180° is the most effective process in accessing the largest possible number states before ending up near the ground state even in the absence of any disorder which is shown to represent the most unfavorable case. - Highlights: • Optimized athermal demagnetization process for a two-dimensional artificial kagome spin ice. • States with flux closure in small groups of elements difficult to obtain athermally in systems with N·30. • The dipolar interaction field not only biases but also changes the loop width. • Interactions lead to array size dependent remanence enhancement.

  7. Characterisation of hydrogen bonding networks in RNAs via magic angle spinning solid state NMR spectroscopy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Riedel, Kerstin; Leppert, Joerg; Ohlenschlaeger, Oliver; Goerlach, Matthias; Ramachandran, Ramadurai [Institut fuer Molekulare Biotechnologie, Abteilung Molekulare Biophysik/NMR-Spektroskopie (Germany)], E-mail: raman@imb-jena.de

    2005-04-15

    It is demonstrated that the spatial proximity of {sup 1}H nuclei in hydrogen bonded base-pairs in RNAs can be conveniently mapped via magic angle spinning solid state NMR experiments involving proton spin diffusion driven chemical shift correlation of low gamma nuclei such as the imino and amino nitrogens of nucleic acid bases. As different canonical and non-canonical base-pairing schemes encountered in nucleic acids are characterised by topologically different networks of proton dipolar couplings, different base-pairing schemes lead to characteristic cross-peak intensity patterns in such correlation spectra. The method was employed in a study of a 100 kDa RNA composed of 97 CUG repeats, or (CUG){sub 97} that has been implicated in the neuromuscular disease myotonic dystrophy. {sup 15}N-{sup 15}N chemical shift correlation studies confirm the presence of Watson-Crick GC base pairs in (CUG){sub 97}.

  8. High-spin states in the odd-odd nucleus sup 8 sup 0 Y

    CERN Document Server

    Bucurescu, D; Ionescu-Bujor, M; Iordachescu, A; Bazzacco, D; Brandolini, F; De Angelis, G; De Poli, M; Gadea, A; Lunardi, S; Marginean, N; Medina, N H; Napoli, D R; Pavan, P; Rossi-Alvarez, C; Spolaore, P

    2002-01-01

    The high-spin states of sup 8 sup 0 Y have been studied with the reactions sup 2 sup 4 Mg( sup 5 sup 8 Ni, pn gamma) at 180 MeV and sup 5 sup 8 Ni( sup 2 sup 4 Mg, pn gamma) at 77 MeV. Gamma-ray transitions in this nucleus have been unambiguously assigned by using the GASP detector array in conjunction with the recoil mass spectrometer CAMEL and the ISIS Silicon detector ball. These transitions have been arranged into several rotational bands extending up to an excitation energy of about 12 MeV and spin 24 Planck constant. The bands are discussed within the framework of the interacting boson-fermion-fermion and cranked shell models.

  9. Nuclear ground-state spin and magnetic moment of 21Mg

    CERN Document Server

    Krämer, J; De Rydt, M; Flanagan, K T; Geppert, Ch; Kowalska, M; Lievens, P; Neugart, R; Neyens, G; Nörtershäuser, W; Stroke, H H; Vingerhoets, P; Yordanov, D T

    2009-01-01

    We present the results of combined laser spectroscopy and nuclear magnetic resonance studies of 21Mg. The nuclear ground-state spin was measured to be I=5/2 with a magnetic moment of μ=−0.983(7)μN. The isoscalar magnetic moment of the mirror pair is evaluated and compared to the extreme single-particle prediction and to nuclear shell-model calculations. We determine an isoscalar spin expectation value of σ=1.15(2), which is significantly greater than the empirical limit of unity given by the Schmidt values of the magnetic moments. Shell-model calculations taking into account isospin non-conserving effects, are in agreement with our experimental results.

  10. High-spin states in the odd-odd nucleus {sup 80}Y

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bucurescu, D. E-mail: bucurescu@tandem.nipne.ro; Ur, C.A.; Ionescu-Bujor, M.; Iordachescu, A.; Bazzacco, D.; Brandolini, F.; De Angelis, G.; De Poli, M.; Gadea, A.; Lunardi, S.; Marginean, N.; Medina, N.H.; Napoli, D.R.; Pavan, P.; Rossi Alvarez, C.; Spolaore, P

    2002-07-01

    The high-spin states of {sup 80}Y have been studied with the reactions {sup 24}Mg({sup 58}Ni, pn{gamma}) at 180 MeV and {sup 58}Ni({sup 24}Mg, pn{gamma}) at 77 MeV. Gamma-ray transitions in this nucleus have been unambiguously assigned by using the GASP detector array in conjunction with the recoil mass spectrometer CAMEL and the ISIS Silicon detector ball. These transitions have been arranged into several rotational bands extending up to an excitation energy of about 12 MeV and spin 24 {Dirac_h}. The bands are discussed within the framework of the interacting boson-fermion-fermion and cranked shell models.

  11. Spin-state polarons in lightly-hole-doped LaCoO3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Podlesnyak, A; Russina, M; Furrer, A; Alfonsov, A; Vavilova, E; Kataev, V; Büchner, B; Strässle, Th; Pomjakushina, E; Conder, K; Khomskii, D I

    2008-12-12

    Inelastic neutron scattering (INS), electron spin resonance (ESR), and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements were employed to establish the origin of the strong magnetic signal in lightly-hole-doped La1-xSrxCoO3, x approximately 0.002. Both INS and ESR low temperature spectra show intense excitations with large effective g factors approximately 10-18. NMR data indicate the creation of extended magnetic clusters. From the Q dependence of the INS magnetic intensity, we conclude that the observed anomalies are caused by the formation of octahedrally shaped spin-state polarons comprising seven Co ions. The present INS, ESR, and NMR data give evidence for two regimes in the lightly-hole-doped samples: (i) T35 K dominated by thermally activated magnetic Co3+ ions.

  12. New Approaches For Asteroid Spin State and Shape Modeling From Delay-Doppler Radar Images

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raissi, Chedy; Lamee, Mehdi; Mosiane, Olorato; Vassallo, Corinne; Busch, Michael W.; Greenberg, Adam; Benner, Lance A. M.; Naidu, Shantanu P.; Duong, Nicholas

    2016-10-01

    Delay-Doppler radar imaging is a powerful technique to characterize the trajectories, shapes, and spin states of near-Earth asteroids; and has yielded detailed models of dozens of objects. Reconstructing objects' shapes and spins from delay-Doppler data is a computationally intensive inversion problem. Since the 1990s, delay-Doppler data has been analyzed using the SHAPE software. SHAPE performs sequential single-parameter fitting, and requires considerable computer runtime and human intervention (Hudson 1993, Magri et al. 2007). Recently, multiple-parameter fitting algorithms have been shown to more efficiently invert delay-Doppler datasets (Greenberg & Margot 2015) - decreasing runtime while improving accuracy. However, extensive human oversight of the shape modeling process is still required. We have explored two new techniques to better automate delay-Doppler shape modeling: Bayesian optimization and a machine-learning neural network.One of the most time-intensive steps of the shape modeling process is to perform a grid search to constrain the target's spin state. We have implemented a Bayesian optimization routine that uses SHAPE to autonomously search the space of spin-state parameters. To test the efficacy of this technique, we compared it to results with human-guided SHAPE for asteroids 1992 UY4, 2000 RS11, and 2008 EV5. Bayesian optimization yielded similar spin state constraints within a factor of 3 less computer runtime.The shape modeling process could be further accelerated using a deep neural network to replace iterative fitting. We have implemented a neural network with a variational autoencoder (VAE), using a subset of known asteroid shapes and a large set of synthetic radar images as inputs to train the network. Conditioning the VAE in this manner allows the user to give the network a set of radar images and get a 3D shape model as an output. Additional development will be required to train a network to reliably render shapes from delay

  13. Ground States of Ultracold Spin-1 Atoms in a Deep Double-Well Optical Superlattice in a Weak Magnetic Field

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHENG Gong-Ping; QIN Shuai-Feng; WANG Shou-Yang; JIAN Wen-Tian

    2013-01-01

    The ground states of the ultracold spin-1 atoms trapped in a deep one-dimensional double-well optical superlattice in a weak magnetic field are obtained.It is shown that the ground-state diagrams of the reduced doublewell model are remarkably different for the antiferromagnetic and ferromagnetic condensates.The transition between the singlet state and nematic state is observed for the antiferromagnetic interaction atoms,which can be realized by modulating the tunneling parameter or the quadratic Zeeman energy.An experiment to distinguish the different spin states is suggested.

  14. Possible nematic spin liquid in spin-1 antiferromagnetic system on the square lattice: Implications for the nematic paramagnetic state of FeSe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gong, Shou-Shu; Zhu, W.; Sheng, D. N.; Yang, Kun

    2017-05-01

    The exotic normal state of iron chalcogenide superconductor FeSe, which exhibits vanishing magnetic order and possesses an electronic nematic order, triggered extensive explorations of its magnetic ground state. To understand its novel properties, we study the ground state of a highly frustrated spin-1 system with bilinear-biquadratic interactions using an unbiased large-scale density matrix renormalization group. Remarkably, with increasing biquadratic interactions, we find a paramagnetic phase between Néel and stripe magnetic ordered phases. We identify this phase as a candidate of nematic quantum spin liquid by the compelling evidences, including vanished spin and quadrupolar orders, absence of lattice translational symmetry breaking, and a persistent nonzero lattice nematic order in the thermodynamic limit. The established quantum phase diagram naturally explains the observations of enhanced spin fluctuations of FeSe in neutron scattering measurement and the phase transition with increasing pressure. This identified paramagnetic phase provides a possibility to understand the novel properties of FeSe.

  15. Positive parity low spin states of odd-mass tellurium isotopes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yazar, Harun Reşit

    2006-11-01

    In this work, we analyse the positive parity of states of odd-mass nucleus within the framework of interacting boson fermion model. The result of an IBFM-1 multilevel calculation with the lg 9/2, 2d 5/2, 2d 3/2, 3s 1/2 and one level, 1h 11/2 with negative parity, single particle orbits is reported for the positive parity states of the odd mass nucleus 123-125Te. Also, an IBM-1 calculation is presented for the low-lying states in the even-even 124-126Te core nucleus. The energy levels and B (E2) transition probabilities were calculated and compared with the experimental data. It was found that the calculated positive parity low spin state energy spectra of the odd-mass 123-125Te isotopes agree quite well with the experimental data.

  16. Distinguishing between non-orthogonal quantum states of a single spin

    CERN Document Server

    Waldherr, Gerald; Neumann, Philipp; Jelezko, Fedor; Andersson, Erika; Wrachtrup, Jorg

    2012-01-01

    An important task for quantum information processing is optimal discrimination between two non-orthogonal quantum states, which until now has only been realized optically. Here, we present and compare experimental realizations of optimal quantum measurements for distinguishing between two non-orthogonal quantum states encoded in a single ^14 N nuclear spin. Implemented measurement schemes are the minimum-error measurement (known as Helstrom measurement), unambiguous state discrimination using a standard projective mea-surement, and optimal unambiguous state discrimination (known as IDP measurement), which utilizes a three-dimensional Hilbert space. Measurement efficiencies are found to be above 80% for all schemes and reach a value of 90% for the IDP measurement

  17. High-concurrence steady-state entanglement of two hole spins in a quantum dot molecular

    CERN Document Server

    Yang, Song; Li, ChuanFeng; Zou, XuBo; Guo, GuangCan

    2009-01-01

    Entanglement, a non-trivial phenomena manifested in composite quantum system, can be served as a new type of physical resource in the emerging technology of quantum information and quantum computation. However, a quantum entanglement is fragile to the environmental-induced decoherence. Here, we present a novel way to prepare a high-concurrence steady-state entanglement of two hole spins in a quantum dot molecular via optical pumping of trion levels. In this scheme, the spontaneous dispassion is used to induce and stabilize the entanglement with rapid rate. It is firstly shown that under certain conditions, two-qubit singlet state can be generated without requiring the state initialization. Then we study the effect of acoustic phonons and electron tunnelings on the scheme, and show that the concurrence of entangled state can be over 0.95 at temperature $T = 1 $K.

  18. Experimental Adiabatic Quantum Factorization under Ambient Conditions Based on a Solid-State Single Spin System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Kebiao; Xie, Tianyu; Li, Zhaokai; Xu, Xiangkun; Wang, Mengqi; Ye, Xiangyu; Kong, Fei; Geng, Jianpei; Duan, Changkui; Shi, Fazhan; Du, Jiangfeng

    2017-03-31

    The adiabatic quantum computation is a universal and robust method of quantum computing. In this architecture, the problem can be solved by adiabatically evolving the quantum processor from the ground state of a simple initial Hamiltonian to that of a final one, which encodes the solution of the problem. Adiabatic quantum computation has been proved to be a compatible candidate for scalable quantum computation. In this Letter, we report on the experimental realization of an adiabatic quantum algorithm on a single solid spin system under ambient conditions. All elements of adiabatic quantum computation, including initial state preparation, adiabatic evolution (simulated by optimal control), and final state read-out, are realized experimentally. As an example, we found the ground state of the problem Hamiltonian S_{z}I_{z} on our adiabatic quantum processor, which can be mapped to the factorization of 35 into its prime factors 5 and 7.

  19. Tripartite states Bell-nonlocality sudden death in a spin environment with multisite interaction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xie Li-Jun; Zhang Deng-Yu; Wang Xin-wen; Zhan Xiao-Gui; Tang Shi-Qing; Gao Feng

    2011-01-01

    Tis paper demonstrates that multipartite Bell-inequality violations can be fully destroyed in a finite time in three-qubit states coupled to a general XY spin-chain with a three-site interaction environment.The Mermin-Ardehali-Belinksii-Klyshko inequality is used to detect the degree of nonlocality,as measured by the extent of their violations.The effects of system-environment couplings,the size of degrees of freedom of the environment and the strength of the three-site interaction on the Bell-inequality violations are given.The results indicate that the Bell-inequality violations of the tripartite states will be completely destroyed by decoherence under certain conditions for the GHZ state.The decoherence-free subspaces of our model are identified and the entanglement of quantum states is also discussed.

  20. Spin-orbit edge states in semiconductor two-dimensional systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, L. L.; Ren, Shaola; Heremans, J. J.; Minic, Djordje; Gaspe, C. K.; Vijeyaragunathan, S.; Mishima, T. D.; Santos, M. B.

    2013-03-01

    The electromagnetic duality between the Aharonov-Casher and the Aharonov-Bohm topological phases can lead to magnetoelectronic edge effects in two-dimensional systems. Based on this duality, we propose and experimentally explore a quantized Hall effect in which magnetization transport may be quantized analogously to charge transport. When the magnetic moment is fully projected, the edge effect is a magnetization dual to the integer quantum Hall effect. An analogy also exists between this dual and the bosonic quantum Hall effect currently under investigation. In experiments we search for edge states induced by the equivalent vector potential from Rashba-type spin-orbit interaction. We use mesoscopic side-gated channel structures on InGaAs/InAlAs heterostructures where backscattering between edge states can experimentally form evidence for edge states. The side-gate voltage varies the effective gauge field and resistance as function of side-gate voltage is measured across the mesoscopic structures at either low applied magnetic field or at fixed magnetic filling factors to obtain states of defined spin (DOE DE-FG02-08ER46532, NSF DMR-0520550).

  1. Multiple acquisitions via sequential transfer of orphan spin polarization (MAeSTOSO): How far can we push residual spin polarization in solid-state NMR?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gopinath, T.; Veglia, Gianluigi

    2016-06-01

    Conventional multidimensional magic angle spinning (MAS) solid-state NMR (ssNMR) experiments detect the signal arising from the decay of a single coherence transfer pathway (FID), resulting in one spectrum per acquisition time. Recently, we introduced two new strategies, namely DUMAS (DUal acquisition Magic Angle Spinning) and MEIOSIS (Multiple ExperIments via Orphan SpIn operatorS), that enable the simultaneous acquisitions of multidimensional ssNMR experiments using multiple coherence transfer pathways. Here, we combined the main elements of DUMAS and MEIOSIS to harness both orphan spin operators and residual polarization and increase the number of simultaneous acquisitions. We show that it is possible to acquire up to eight two-dimensional experiments using four acquisition periods per each scan. This new suite of pulse sequences, called MAeSTOSO for Multiple Acquisitions via Sequential Transfer of Orphan Spin pOlarization, relies on residual polarization of both 13C and 15N pathways and combines low- and high-sensitivity experiments into a single pulse sequence using one receiver and commercial ssNMR probes. The acquisition of multiple experiments does not affect the sensitivity of the main experiment; rather it recovers the lost coherences that are discarded, resulting in a significant gain in experimental time. Both merits and limitations of this approach are discussed.

  2. The spin chemistry and magnetic resonance of H2@C60. From the Pauli principle to trapping a long lived nuclear excited spin state inside a buckyball.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turro, Nicholas J; Chen, Judy Y-C; Sartori, Elena; Ruzzi, Marco; Marti, Angel; Lawler, Ronald; Jockusch, Steffen; López-Gejo, Juan; Komatsu, Koichi; Murata, Yasujiro

    2010-02-16

    One of the early triumphs of quantum mechanics was Heisenberg's prediction, based on the Pauli principle and wave function symmetry arguments, that the simplest molecule, H(2), should exist as two distinct species-allotropes of elemental hydrogen. One allotrope, termed para-H(2) (pH(2)), was predicted to be a lower energy species that could be visualized as rotating like a sphere and possessing antiparallel ( upward arrow downward arrow) nuclear spins; the other allotrope, termed ortho-H(2) (oH(2)), was predicted to be a higher energy state that could be visualized as rotating like a cartwheel and possessing parallel ( upward arrow upward arrow) nuclear spins. This remarkable prediction was confirmed by the early 1930s, and pH(2) and oH(2) were not only separated and characterized but were also found to be stable almost indefinitely in the absence of paramagnetic "spin catalysts", such as molecular oxygen, or traces of paramagnetic impurities, such as metal ions. The two allotropes of elemental hydrogen, pH(2) and oH(2), may be quantitatively incarcerated in C(60) to form endofullerene guest@host complexes, symbolized as pH(2)@C(60) and oH(2)@C(60), respectively. How does the subtle difference in nuclear spin manifest itself when hydrogen allotropes are incarcerated in a buckyball? Can the incarcerated "guests" communicate with the outside world and vice versa? Can a paramagnetic spin catalyst in the outside world cause the interconversion of the allotropes and thereby effect a chemical transformation inside a buckyball? How close are the measurable properties of H(2)@C(60) to those computed for the "quantum particle in a spherical box"? Are there any potential practical applications of this fascinating marriage of the simplest molecule, H(2), with one of the most beautiful of all molecules, C(60)? How can one address such questions theoretically and experimentally? A goal of our studies is to produce an understanding of how the H(2) guest molecules incarcerated in

  3. Gap state charge induced spin-dependent negative differential resistance in tunnel junctions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Jun; Zhang, X.-G.; Han, X. F.

    2016-04-01

    We propose and demonstrate through first-principles calculation a new spin-dependent negative differential resistance (NDR) mechanism in magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJ) with cubic cation disordered crystals (CCDC) AlO x or Mg1-x Al x O as barrier materials. The CCDC is a class of insulators whose band gap can be changed by cation doping. The gap becomes arched in an ultrathin layer due to the space charge formed from metal-induced gap states. With an appropriate combination of an arched gap and a bias voltage, NDR can be produced in either spin channel. This mechanism is applicable to 2D and 3D ultrathin junctions with a sufficiently small band gap that forms a large space charge. It provides a new way of controlling the spin-dependent transport in spintronic devices by an electric field. A generalized Simmons formula for tunneling current through junction with an arched gap is derived to show the general conditions under which ultrathin junctions may exhibit NDR.

  4. Reduction in cerebral perfusion after heroin administration: a resting state arterial spin labeling study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Niklaus Denier

    Full Text Available Heroin dependence is a chronic relapsing brain disorder, characterized by the compulsion to seek and use heroin. Heroin itself has a strong potential to produce subjective experiences characterized by intense euphoria, relaxation and release from craving. The neurofunctional foundations of these perceived effects are not well known. In this study, we have used pharmacological magnetic resonance imaging (phMRI in 15 heroin-dependent patients from a stable heroin-assisted treatment program to observe the steady state effects of heroin (60 min after administration. Patients were scanned in a cross-over and placebo controlled design. They received an injection of their regular dose of heroin or saline (placebo before or after the scan. As phMRI method, we used a pulsed arterial spin labeling (ASL sequence based on a flow-sensitive alternating inversion recovery (FAIR spin labeling scheme combined with a single-shot 3D GRASE (gradient-spin echo readout on a 3 Tesla scanner. Analysis was performed with Statistical Parametric Mapping (SPM 8, using a general linear model for whole brain comparison between the heroin and placebo conditions. We found that compared to placebo, heroin was associated with reduced perfusion in the left anterior cingulate cortex (ACC, the left medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC and in the insula (both hemispheres. Analysis of extracted perfusion values indicate strong effect sizes and no gender related differences. Reduced perfusion in these brain areas may indicate self- and emotional regulation effects of heroin in maintenance treatment.

  5. Polarization measurements and high-spin states in 8638Sr48

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Naveen; Kumar, Suresh; Kumar, V.; Mandal, S. K.; Palit, R.; Saha, S.; Sethi, J.; Trivedi, T.; Pancholi, S. C.; Srivastava, P. C.

    2016-11-01

    The high-spin states in 86Sr nucleus were populated using the 76Ge(13C, 3n) reaction at a beam energy of 45 MeV. The γ-γ and γ-γ-γ coincidence measurements were used to establish the level scheme up to 10.9 MeV excitation energy and spin Iπ =19+. In our preliminary results reported earlier, a positive-parity dipole (ΔI = 1) band based on the 6878-keV level having M1 γ-ray transitions was identified. In the present work, the γ-rays and their sequence have been established for this band. The band may have a magnetic rotational character. The spin-parity of the levels were assigned by measuring the Directional Correlations of the Oriented (DCO) nuclei and the polarization asymmetry. The polarization measurements were performed for the first time for the γ-ray transitions in this nucleus. The experimental band structures were compared with the shell-model calculations using two recent effective interactions, JUN45 and jj44b in the 1p3/2, 0f5/2, 1p1/2, 0g9/2 model space. From the Tilted-Axis Cranking (TAC) calculations, the 4-qp π(g9/2) 2 ⊗ ν(g9/2) - 2 configuration is suggested for the lower-part of the (ΔI = 1) band up to spin Iπ =16+ and the 6-qp π [(g9/2) 2(f5/2) 1(p1/2) 1 ] ⊗ ν(g9/2) - 2 configuration for the upper-part of the band.

  6. Spin-glass model predicts metastable brain states that diminish in anesthesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hudetz, Anthony G; Humphries, Colin J; Binder, Jeffrey R

    2014-01-01

    Patterns of resting state connectivity change dynamically and may represent modes of cognitive information processing. The diversity of connectivity patterns (global brain states) reflects the information capacity of the brain and determines the state of consciousness. In this work, computer simulation was used to explore the repertoire of global brain states as a function of cortical activation level. We implemented a modified spin glass model to describe UP/DOWN state transitions of neuronal populations at a mesoscopic scale based on resting state BOLD fMRI data. Resting state fMRI was recorded in 20 participants and mapped to 10,000 cortical regions (sites) defined on a group-aligned cortical surface map. Each site represented the population activity of a ~20 mm(2) area of the cortex. Cross-correlation matrices of the mapped BOLD time courses of the set of sites were calculated and averaged across subjects. In the model, each cortical site was allowed to interact with the 16 other sites that had the highest pair-wise correlation values. All sites stochastically transitioned between UP and DOWN states under the net influence of their 16 pairs. The probability of local state transitions was controlled by a single parameter T corresponding to the level of global cortical activation. To estimate the number of distinct global states, first we ran 10,000 simulations at T = 0. Simulations were started from random configurations that converged to one of several distinct patterns. Using hierarchical clustering, at 99% similarity, close to 300 distinct states were found. At intermediate T, metastable state configurations were formed suggesting critical behavior with a sharp increase in the number of metastable states at an optimal T. Both reduced activation (anesthesia, sleep) and increased activation (hyper-activation) moved the system away from equilibrium, presumably incompatible with conscious mentation. During equilibrium, the diversity of large-scale brain states

  7. Quantum State Transfer in a Two-dimensional Regular Spin Lattice of Triangular Shape

    CERN Document Server

    Miki, Hiroshi; Vinet, Luc; Zhedanov, Alexei

    2012-01-01

    Quantum state transfer in a triangular domain of a two-dimensional, equally-spaced, spin lat- tice with non-homogeneous nearest-neighbor couplings is analyzed. An exact solution of the one- excitation dynamics is provided in terms of 2-variable Krawtchouk orthogonal polynomials that have been recently defined. The probability amplitude for an excitation to transit from one site to another is given. For some values of the parameters, perfect transfer is shown to take place from the apex of the lattice to the boundary hypotenuse.

  8. Spin-Exchange Collisions of the Ground State of Cs Atoms in a High Magnetic Field

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    FU Li-Ping; LUO Jun; ZENG Xi-Zhi

    2000-01-01

    Cs atoms were optically pumped with a Ti:sapphire laser in a magnetic field of 1.516 T. Steady absorption spectra and populations of Zeeman sublevels of the ground state of Cs in N2 gas at various pressures (5, 40, and 80 Torr)were obtained. The results show that in a high magnetic field, the combined electron-nuclear spin transition(flip-flop transition), which is mainly induced by the collision modification δa( J.I)of hyperfine interaction, is an important relaxation mechanism at high buffer-gas pressures.

  9. Spin-droplet state of an interacting 2D electron system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teneh, N; Kuntsevich, A Yu; Pudalov, V M; Reznikov, M

    2012-11-30

    We report thermodynamic magnetization measurements of two-dimensional electrons in several high-mobility Si metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistors. We provide evidence for an easily polarizable electron state in a wide density range from insulating to deep into the metallic phase. The temperature and magnetic field dependence of the magnetization is consistent with the formation of large-spin droplets in the insulating phase. These droplets melt in the metallic phase with increasing density and temperature, though they survive up to large densities.

  10. Structure of high spin states of 76Kr and 78Kr nuclei

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    U R Jakhar; H L Yadav; A Ansari

    2005-12-01

    Following a fully self-consistent cranked Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov (CHFB) approach with a pairing+quadrupole+hexadecapole model interaction Hamiltonian the structure of the yrast states of 76,78Kr nuclei is studied up to angular momentum = 24. Evolution of the shape with spin, and rotation alignment of proton as well as neutron 0g9/2 orbitals is investigated along with the inter- and intra-nucleus variations of the factors as a function of . We find that the shape of 78Kr remains prolate all through up to = 24, whereas 76Kr becomes triaxial beyond = 12.

  11. Generalising spin-ice: the magnetic ground-state of gadolinium titanate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brammall, M. I.; Briffa, A. K. R.; Long, M. W.

    2011-03-01

    We investigate the complex low-temperature magnetic ordering of the antiferro-magnetic pyrochlore Gd2Ti2O7. Mössbauer experiments indicate that the spins have equal-magnitude magnetic moments, which are restricted to lie in planes perpendicular to the local crystallographic directions. In addition neutron diffraction experiments show a magnetic scattering vector of (1/2,1/2,1/2) which is consistent with thirty-two atoms per magnetic unit cell. These restrictions are compatible with only two distinct magnetically ordered states.

  12. Ground-State Phase Diagram of Transverse Spin-2 Ising Model with Longitudinal Crystal-Field

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    The transverse spin-2 Ising ferromagnetic model with a longitudinal crystal-field is studied within the mean-field theory based on Bogoliubov inequality for the Gibbs free energy. The ground-state phase diagram and the tricritical point are obtained in the transverse field Ω/z J-longitudinal crystal D/zJ field plane. We find that there are the first order-order phase transitions in a very smallrange of D/zJ besides the usual first order-disorder phase transitions and the second order-disorder phase transitions.

  13. High-spin states and lifetime measurements in sup 1 sup 7 sup 1 Hf

    CERN Document Server

    Cullen, D M; Appelbe, D E; Wilson, A N; Paul, E S; Bergström, M H; Sharpey-Schafer, J F; Baktash, C; Frosch, I; Lee, I Y; Macchiavelli, A O; MacLeod, R W; Prevost, D; Theisen, C; Curien, D

    2000-01-01

    This paper describes the results of two complementary experiments which studied the properties of the well-deformed nucleus sup 1 sup 7 sup 1 Hf. The first experiment, with a thin self-supporting target, extended the rotational bands built upon the [633]7/2, [512]5/2 and [521]1/2 configurations up to spins of 73/2-85/2 Planck constant. The configurations of these bands and observed band crossings are discussed within the framework of the cranked-shell model. The second experiment employed a backed target in order to measure the lifetimes, by the Doppler Shift Attenuation method, and thereby establish deformations for some of the states in the collective rotational bands. The extracted deformations are found to be consistent with those predicted from theoretical Total Routhian Surface calculations. These deformations provide strong evidence that the high-spin states in sup 1 sup 7 sup 1 Hf, and perhaps more importantly, in the region where the high-K (K suppi=19/2 sup + and K suppi=23/2 sup -) isomeric states ...

  14. Experimental realization of universal geometric quantum gates with solid-state spins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zu, C; Wang, W-B; He, L; Zhang, W-G; Dai, C-Y; Wang, F; Duan, L-M

    2014-10-02

    Experimental realization of a universal set of quantum logic gates is the central requirement for the implementation of a quantum computer. In an 'all-geometric' approach to quantum computation, the quantum gates are implemented using Berry phases and their non-Abelian extensions, holonomies, from geometric transformation of quantum states in the Hilbert space. Apart from its fundamental interest and rich mathematical structure, the geometric approach has some built-in noise-resilience features. On the experimental side, geometric phases and holonomies have been observed in thermal ensembles of liquid molecules using nuclear magnetic resonance; however, such systems are known to be non-scalable for the purposes of quantum computing. There are proposals to implement geometric quantum computation in scalable experimental platforms such as trapped ions, superconducting quantum bits and quantum dots, and a recent experiment has realized geometric single-bit gates in a superconducting system. Here we report the experimental realization of a universal set of geometric quantum gates using the solid-state spins of diamond nitrogen-vacancy centres. These diamond defects provide a scalable experimental platform with the potential for room-temperature quantum computing, which has attracted strong interest in recent years. Our experiment shows that all-geometric and potentially robust quantum computation can be realized with solid-state spin quantum bits, making use of recent advances in the coherent control of this system.

  15. Coherent structural trapping through wave packet dispersion during photoinduced spin state switching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lemke, Henrik T.; Kjær, Kasper S.; Hartsock, Robert; van Driel, Tim B.; Chollet, Matthieu; Glownia, James M.; Song, Sanghoon; Zhu, Diling; Pace, Elisabetta; Matar, Samir F.; Nielsen, Martin M.; Benfatto, Maurizio; Gaffney, Kelly J.; Collet, Eric; Cammarata, Marco

    2017-05-01

    The description of ultrafast nonadiabatic chemical dynamics during molecular photo-transformations remains challenging because electronic and nuclear configurations impact each other and cannot be treated independently. Here we gain experimental insights, beyond the Born-Oppenheimer approximation, into the light-induced spin-state trapping dynamics of the prototypical [Fe(bpy)3]2+ compound by time-resolved X-ray absorption spectroscopy at sub-30-femtosecond resolution and high signal-to-noise ratio. The electronic decay from the initial optically excited electronic state towards the high spin state is distinguished from the structural trapping dynamics, which launches a coherent oscillating wave packet (265 fs period), clearly identified as molecular breathing. Throughout the structural trapping, the dispersion of the wave packet along the reaction coordinate reveals details of intramolecular vibronic coupling before a slower vibrational energy dissipation to the solution environment. These findings illustrate how modern time-resolved X-ray absorption spectroscopy can provide key information to unravel dynamic details of photo-functional molecules.

  16. Observation of iron spin-states using tabletop x-ray emission spectroscopy and microcalorimeter sensors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joe, Y. I.; O'Neil, G. C.; Miaja-Avila, L.; Fowler, J. W.; Jimenez, R.; Silverman, K. L.; Swetz, D. S.; Ullom, J. N.

    2016-01-01

    X-ray emission spectroscopy (XES) is a powerful probe of the electronic and chemical state of elemental species embedded within complex compounds. X-ray sensors that combine high resolving power and high collecting efficiency are desirable for photon-starved XES experiments such as measurements of dilute, gaseous, and radiation-sensitive samples, time-resolved measurements, and in-laboratory XES. To assess whether arrays of cryogenic microcalorimeters will be useful in photon-starved XES scenarios, we demonstrate that these emerging energy-dispersive sensors can detect the spin-state of 3d electrons of iron in two different compounds, Fe2O3 and FeS2. The measurements were conducted with a picosecond pulsed laser-driven plasma as the exciting x-ray source. The use of this tabletop source suggests that time-resolved in-laboratory XES will be possible in the future. We also present simulations of {{K}}α and {{K}}β spectra that reveal the spin-state sensitivity of different combinations of sensor resolution and accumulated counts. These simulations predict that our current experimental apparatus can perform time-resolved XES measurements on some samples with a measurement time of a few 10 s of hours per time delay.

  17. Quantum spin Hall state in monolayer 1T'-WTe2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Shujie; Zhang, Chaofan; Wong, Dillon; Pedramrazi, Zahra; Tsai, Hsin-Zon; Jia, Chunjing; Moritz, Brian; Claassen, Martin; Ryu, Hyejin; Kahn, Salman; Jiang, Juan; Yan, Hao; Hashimoto, Makoto; Lu, Donghui; Moore, Robert G.; Hwang, Chan-Cuk; Hwang, Choongyu; Hussain, Zahid; Chen, Yulin; Ugeda, Miguel M.; Liu, Zhi; Xie, Xiaoming; Devereaux, Thomas P.; Crommie, Michael F.; Mo, Sung-Kwan; Shen, Zhi-Xun

    2017-07-01

    A quantum spin Hall (QSH) insulator is a novel two-dimensional quantum state of matter that features quantized Hall conductance in the absence of a magnetic field, resulting from topologically protected dissipationless edge states that bridge the energy gap opened by band inversion and strong spin-orbit coupling. By investigating the electronic structure of epitaxially grown monolayer 1T'-WTe2 using angle-resolved photoemission (ARPES) and first-principles calculations, we observe clear signatures of topological band inversion and bandgap opening, which are the hallmarks of a QSH state. Scanning tunnelling microscopy measurements further confirm the correct crystal structure and the existence of a bulk bandgap, and provide evidence for a modified electronic structure near the edge that is consistent with the expectations for a QSH insulator. Our results establish monolayer 1T'-WTe2 as a new class of QSH insulator with large bandgap in a robust two-dimensional materials family of transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs).

  18. Cluster Mean-Field Approach to the Steady-State Phase Diagram of Dissipative Spin Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiasen Jin

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available We show that short-range correlations have a dramatic impact on the steady-state phase diagram of quantum driven-dissipative systems. This effect, never observed in equilibrium, follows from the fact that ordering in the steady state is of dynamical origin, and is established only at very long times, whereas in thermodynamic equilibrium it arises from the properties of the (free energy. To this end, by combining the cluster methods extensively used in equilibrium phase transitions to quantum trajectories and tensor-network techniques, we extend them to nonequilibrium phase transitions in dissipative many-body systems. We analyze in detail a model of spin-1/2 on a lattice interacting through an XYZ Hamiltonian, each of them coupled to an independent environment that induces incoherent spin flips. In the steady-state phase diagram derived from our cluster approach, the location of the phase boundaries and even its topology radically change, introducing reentrance of the paramagnetic phase as compared to the single-site mean field where correlations are neglected. Furthermore, a stability analysis of the cluster mean field indicates a susceptibility towards a possible incommensurate ordering, not present if short-range correlations are ignored.

  19. Cluster Mean-Field Approach to the Steady-State Phase Diagram of Dissipative Spin Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Jiasen; Biella, Alberto; Viyuela, Oscar; Mazza, Leonardo; Keeling, Jonathan; Fazio, Rosario; Rossini, Davide

    2016-07-01

    We show that short-range correlations have a dramatic impact on the steady-state phase diagram of quantum driven-dissipative systems. This effect, never observed in equilibrium, follows from the fact that ordering in the steady state is of dynamical origin, and is established only at very long times, whereas in thermodynamic equilibrium it arises from the properties of the (free) energy. To this end, by combining the cluster methods extensively used in equilibrium phase transitions to quantum trajectories and tensor-network techniques, we extend them to nonequilibrium phase transitions in dissipative many-body systems. We analyze in detail a model of spin-1 /2 on a lattice interacting through an X Y Z Hamiltonian, each of them coupled to an independent environment that induces incoherent spin flips. In the steady-state phase diagram derived from our cluster approach, the location of the phase boundaries and even its topology radically change, introducing reentrance of the paramagnetic phase as compared to the single-site mean field where correlations are neglected. Furthermore, a stability analysis of the cluster mean field indicates a susceptibility towards a possible incommensurate ordering, not present if short-range correlations are ignored.

  20. Quantum entanglement between an optical photon and a solid-state spin qubit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Togan, E; Chu, Y; Trifonov, A S; Jiang, L; Maze, J; Childress, L; Dutt, M V G; Sørensen, A S; Hemmer, P R; Zibrov, A S; Lukin, M D

    2010-08-01

    Quantum entanglement is among the most fascinating aspects of quantum theory. Entangled optical photons are now widely used for fundamental tests of quantum mechanics and applications such as quantum cryptography. Several recent experiments demonstrated entanglement of optical photons with trapped ions, atoms and atomic ensembles, which are then used to connect remote long-term memory nodes in distributed quantum networks. Here we realize quantum entanglement between the polarization of a single optical photon and a solid-state qubit associated with the single electronic spin of a nitrogen vacancy centre in diamond. Our experimental entanglement verification uses the quantum eraser technique, and demonstrates that a high degree of control over interactions between a solid-state qubit and the quantum light field can be achieved. The reported entanglement source can be used in studies of fundamental quantum phenomena and provides a key building block for the solid-state realization of quantum optical networks.

  1. Holonomic quantum computing in ground states of spin chains with symmetry-protected topological order

    CERN Document Server

    Renes, Joseph M; Brennen, Gavin K; Bartlett, Stephen D

    2011-01-01

    While solid-state devices offer naturally reliable hardware for modern classical computers, thus far quantum information processors resemble vacuum tube computers in being neither reliable nor scalable. Strongly correlated many body states stabilized in topologically ordered matter offer the possibility of naturally fault tolerant computing, but are both challenging to engineer and coherently control and cannot be easily adapted to different physical platforms. We propose an architecture which achieves some of the robustness properties of topological models but with a drastically simpler construction. Quantum information is stored in the degenerate ground states of spin-1 chains exhibiting symmetry-protected topological order (SPTO), while quantum gates are performed by adiabatic non-Abelian holonomies using only single-site fields and nearest-neighbor couplings. Gate operations respect the SPTO symmetry, inheriting some protection from noise and disorder from the SPTO robustness to local perturbation. A pote...

  2. Anomalous spin state of Fe in double perovskite oxide Sr 2FeWO 6

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kawanaka, H.; Hase, I.; Toyama, S.; Nishihara, Y.

    2000-07-01

    In the series of Sr 2FeTO 6 (T=4d or 5d), the valence of Fe is 3+ in most of the compounds. However, recently we have found that the Sr 2FeWO 6 has Fe 2+ state. Sr 2FeWO 6 is an insulator with an antiferromagnetic transition temperature of 37 K. From the Mössbauer experiment, below ∼20 K, a center shift of +1.2 mm/ s relative to metallic iron and a quadrupole splitting of 1.9 mm/ s are obtained. The quadrupole splitting has strong temperature dependence. The hyperfine field is ∼110 kOe which seems to be quite small. We concluded that the iron ground state of Sr 2FeWO 6 is Fe 2+ high-spin ( S=2) state.

  3. Optical manipulation of Berry phase in a solid-state spin qubit

    CERN Document Server

    Yale, Christopher G; Zhou, Brian B; Auer, Adrian; Burkard, Guido; Awschalom, David D

    2015-01-01

    The phase relation between quantum states represents an essential resource for the storage and processing of quantum information. While quantum phases are commonly controlled dynamically by tuning energetic interactions, utilizing geometric phases that accumulate during cyclic evolution may offer superior robustness to noise. To date, demonstrations of geometric phase control in solid-state systems rely on microwave fields that have limited spatial resolution. Here, we demonstrate an all-optical method based on stimulated Raman adiabatic passage to accumulate a geometric phase, the Berry phase, in an individual nitrogen-vacancy (NV) center in diamond. Using diffraction-limited laser light, we guide the NV center's spin along loops on the Bloch sphere to enclose arbitrary Berry phase and characterize these trajectories through time-resolved state tomography. We investigate the limits of this control due to loss of adiabiaticity and decoherence, as well as its robustness to noise intentionally introduced into t...

  4. Laser-induced atomic fragment fluorescence spectroscopy: a facile technique for molecular spectroscopy of spin-forbidden states.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Qun; Chen, Yang; Keil, Mark

    2009-03-01

    Spectra of spin-forbidden and spin-allowed transitions in the mixed b (3)Pi(u) approximately A (1)Sigma(u)(+) state of Na(2) are measured separately by two-photon excitation using a single tunable dye laser. The two-photon excitation produces Na(*)(3p) by photodissociation, which is easily and sensitively detected by atomic fluorescence. At low laser power, only the A (1)Sigma(u)(+) state is excited, completely free of triplet excitation. At high laser power, photodissociation via the intermediate b (3)Pi(u) triplet state becomes much more likely, effectively "switching" the observations from singlet spectroscopy to triplet spectroscopy with only minor apparatus changes. This technique of perturbation-assisted laser-induced atomic fragment fluorescence may therefore be especially useful as a general vehicle for investigating perturbation-related physics pertinent to the spin-forbidden states, as well as for studying allowed and forbidden states of other molecules.

  5. Spin of the ground quantum state of electrons from first principles in the representation of Feynman path integrals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shevkunov, S. V.

    2016-08-01

    A method for calculating the spin of the ground quantum state of nonrelativistic electrons and distance between energy levels of quantum states differing in the spin magnitude from first principles is proposed. The approach developed is free from the one-electron approximation and applicable in multielectron systems with allowance for all spatial correlations. The possibilities of the method are demonstrated by the example of calculating the energy gap between spin states in model ellipsoidal quantum dots with a harmonic confining field. The results of computations by the Monte Carlo method point to high sensitivity of the energy gap to the break of spherical symmetry of the quantum dot. For three electrons, the phenomenon of inversion has been revealed for levels corresponding to high and low values of the spin. The calculations demonstrate the practical possibility to obtain spin states with arbitrarily close energies by varying the shape of the quantum dot, which is a key condition for development prospects in technologies of storage systems based on spin qubits.

  6. Spin-glass model predicts metastable brain states that diminish in anesthesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anthony G Hudetz

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Patterns of resting state connectivity change dynamically and may represent modes of cognitive information processing. The diversity of connectivity patterns (global brain states reflects the information capacity of the brain and determines the state of consciousness. In this work, computer simulation was used to explore the repertoire of global brain states as a function of cortical activation level. We implemented a modified spin glass model to describe UP/DOWN state transitions of neuronal populations at a mesoscopic scale based on resting state BOLD fMRI data. Resting state fMRI was recorded in 20 participants and mapped to 10,000 cortical regions defined on a group-aligned cortical surface map. Each region represented the population activity of a ~20mm2 area of the cortex. Cross-correlation matrices of the mapped BOLD time courses of the set of regions were calculated and averaged across subjects. In the model, each cortical region was allowed to interact with the 16 other regions that had the highest pair-wise correlation values. All regions stochastically transitioned between UP and DOWN states under the net influence of their 16 pairs. The probability of local state transitions was controlled by a single parameter T corresponding to the level of global cortical activation. To estimate the number of distinct global states, first we ran 10,000 simulations at T=0. Simulations were started from random configurations that converged to one of several distinct patterns. Using hierarchical clustering, at 99% similarity, close to 300 distinct states were found. At intermediate T, metastable state configurations were formed suggesting critical behavior with a sharp increase in the number of metastable states at an optimal T. Both reduced activation (anesthesia, sleep and increased activation (hyper-activation moved the system away from equilibrium, presumably incompatible with conscious mentation. During equilibrium, the diversity of large

  7. Hyper Open-Shell States: The Lowest Excited Spin States of O Atom, Fe(2+) Ion, and FeF2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varga, Zoltan; Verma, Pragya; Truhlar, Donald G

    2017-09-13

    Excited spin states are important for reactivity, catalysis, and magnetic applications. This work examines the relative energies of the spin states of O atom, Fe(2+) ion, and FeF2 and characterizes their excited spin states. Both single-configuration and multireference methods are used to establish the character of the lowest singlet excited state of all three systems and the lowest triplet excited state of Fe(2+) and FeF2. We find that the conventional representation of the orbital occupancies is incorrect in that the states have more unpaired electrons than the minimum number required by their total electron spin quantum number. In particular, we find that, for a given spin state, an electronic configuration with more than 2S unpaired electrons is more stable than the configuration with 2S unpaired electrons (where S is the spin of the system). For instance, triplet FeF2 with four unpaired electrons is lower in energy than triplet FeF2 with two unpaired electrons. Such highly open-shell configurations are labeled as hyper open-shell electronic configurations in this work and are compared to ordinary open-shell or closed-shell electronic configurations. The hyper open-shell states considered in this work are especially interesting because, unlike typical biradicals and polyradicals, the unpaired electrons are all on the same center. This work shows that the conventional perspective on spin-state energetics that usually assumes ordinary open shells for single-centered radicals needs modification to take into account, whenever possible, hyper open-shell configurations as well.

  8. Optical evidence for the spin-state disorder in LaCo1-x Rh x O3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Terasaki, Ichiro; Asai, Shinichiro; Taniguchi, Hiroki; Okazaki, Ryuji; Yasui, Yukio; Ikemoto, Yuka; Moriwaki, Taro

    2017-06-01

    We have measured the infrared reflectivity of single-crystalline samples of LaCo1-x Rh x O3 (x  =  0, 0.05 and 0.10) from 10 to 300 K from 0.05 to 0.15 eV. We find that the optical phonons of the Co-O stretching mode depend on temperature and the Rh content. Analysis with three Lorentz oscillators reveals that the spin state of Co3+ in LaCo1-x Rh x O3 can be understood in terms of a solid solution of low-spin- and high-spin-state Co3+ ions, and the substituted Rh ion retains some fraction of the high-spin Co3+ ions down to low temperature.

  9. High-resolution solid-state NMR spectroscopy of protons with homonuclear dipolar decoupling schemes under magic-angle spinning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madhu, P K

    2009-02-01

    High-resolution NMR spectroscopy of (1)H spins in the solid state is normally rendered difficult due to the strong homonuclear (1)H-(1)H dipolar couplings. Even under very high-speed magic-angle spinning (MAS) at ca. 60-70kHz, these couplings are not completely removed. An appropriate radiofrequency pulse scheme is required to average out the homonuclear dipolar interactions in combination with MAS to get high-resolution (1)H NMR spectrum in solid state. Several schemes have been introduced in the recent past with a variety of applications also envisaged. Development of some of these schemes has been made possible with a clear understanding of the underlying spin physics based on bimodal Floquet theory. The utility of these high-resolution pulse schemes in combination with MAS has been demonstrated for spinning speeds of 10-65kHz in a range of (1)H Larmor frequencies from 300 to 800MHz.

  10. Ground state spin 0{sup +} dominance of many-body systems with random interactions and related topics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arima, A.; Yoshinaga, N.; Zhao, Y.M

    2003-07-14

    In this talk we shall show our recent results in understanding the spin{sup parity} 0{sup +} ground state (0 g.s.) dominance of many-body systems. We propose a simple approach to predict the spin I g.s. probabilities which does not require the diagonalization of a Hamiltonian with random interactions. Some findings related to the 0 g.s. dominance will also be discussed.

  11. Collisions of alkali-metal atoms Cs and Rb in the ground state. Spin exchange cross sections

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kartoshkin, V. A.

    2016-09-01

    Collisions of alkali-metal atoms 133Cs and 85Rb in the ground state are considered in the energy interval of 10-4-10-2 au. Complex cross sections of the spin exchange, which allow one to calculate the processes of polarization transfer and the relaxation times, as well as the magnetic resonance frequency shifts caused by spin exchange Cs-Rb collisions, are obtained.

  12. A versatile platform for manipulating photonic spin and orbital states based on liquid crystal microstructures (Conference Presentation)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Yan-Qing; Hu, Wei; Ming, Yang

    2016-09-01

    Utilizing the spin degree of freedom breaks new ground for designing photonic devices. Seeking out a suitable platform for flexible steering of photonic spin states is a critical task. In this work, we demonstrate a versatile Liquid crystal (LC) based platform for manipulating photonic spin and orbital states. Owing to the photoalignment technique, the local and fine tuning of the LC medium is effectively implemented to form various anisotropic microstructures. The light-matter interaction in the corresponding medium is tailored to control the evolution of photonic spin states. The physical mechanism of such a system is investigated, and the corresponding dynamical equation is obtained. The high flexibility endows the LC-based photonic system with great value to be used for Hamiltonian engineering. As an illustration, the optical analogue of intrinsic spin Hall effect (SHE) in electronic systems is presented. The pseudospins of photons are driven to split by the anisotropic effective magnetic field arising from the inhomogeneous spin-orbit interaction (SOI) in the twisting microstructures. In virtue of the designability of the LC-based platform, the form of the interaction Hamiltonian is regulated to present diverse PSHE phenomena, which is hard to be realized in the solid electronic systems. Some representative samples are prepared for experimental observation, and the results are in good agreement with theoretical predictions. We believe the tunable LC system may shed new light on future photonic quantum applications.

  13. Cavity enhanced telecom heralded single photons for spin-wave solid state quantum memories

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rieländer, Daniel; Lenhard, Andreas; Mazzera, Margherita; de Riedmatten, Hugues

    2016-12-01

    We report on a source of heralded narrowband (≈ 3 MHz) single photons compatible with solid-state spin-wave quantum memories based on praseodymium doped crystals. Widely non-degenerate narrow-band photon pairs are generated using cavity enhanced down conversion. One photon from the pair is at telecom wavelengths and serves as heralding signal, while the heralded single photon is at 606 nm, resonant with an optical transition of Pr3+:Y2SiO5. The source offers a heralding efficiency of 28% and a generation rate exceeding 2000 pairs mW-1 in a single-mode. The single photon nature of the heralded field is confirmed by a direct antibunching measurement, with a measured antibunching parameter down to 0.010(4). Moreover, we investigate in detail photon cross- and autocorrelation functions proving non-classical correlations between the two photons. The results presented in this paper offer prospects for the demonstration of single photon spin-wave storage in an on-demand solid state quantum memory, heralded by a telecom photon.

  14. Electronic and magnetic properties of spiral spin-density-wave states in transition-metal chains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanveer, M.; Ruiz-Díaz, P.; Pastor, G. M.

    2016-09-01

    The electronic and magnetic properties of one-dimensional (1D) 3 d transition-metal nanowires are investigated in the framework of density functional theory. The relative stability of collinear and noncollinear (NC) ground-state magnetic orders in V, Mn, and Fe monoatomic chains is quantified by computing the frozen-magnon dispersion relation Δ E (q ⃗) as a function of the spin-density-wave vector q ⃗. The dependence on the local environment of the atoms is analyzed by varying systematically the lattice parameter a of the chains. Electron correlation effects are explored by comparing local spin-density and generalized-gradient approximations to the exchange and correlation functional. Results are given for Δ E (q ⃗) , the local magnetic moments μ⃗i at atom i , the magnetization-vector density m ⃗(r ⃗) , and the local electronic density of states ρi σ(ɛ ) . The frozen-magnon dispersion relations are analyzed from a local perspective. Effective exchange interactions Ji j between the local magnetic moments μ⃗i and μ⃗j are derived by fitting the ab initio Δ E (q ⃗) to a classical 1D Heisenberg model. The dominant competing interactions Ji j at the origin of the NC magnetic order are identified. The interplay between the various Ji j is revealed as a function of a in the framework of the corresponding magnetic phase diagrams.

  15. Lifetimes of High Spin States in an Odd-Proton Nucleus 129Cs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Lie-Lin; Zhu, Li-Hua; Lu, Jing-Bin; Wu, Xiao-Guang; Li, Guang-Sheng; Hao, Xin; Zheng, Yun; He, Chuang-Ye; Wang, Lei; Li, Xue-Qin; Liu, Ying; Pan, Bo; Zhao, Yan-Xin; Li, Zhong-Yu; Ding, Huai-Bo

    2010-02-01

    Lifetimes of high spin states in 129Cs are measured using the Doppler shift attenuation method. The high spin states of 129Cs are populated following the fusion evaporation reaction 124Sn(11B, 6n)129Cs at a beam energy of 65 MeV. The reduced transition probabilities B(E2) and the transition quadrupole moments Qt in the negative- and positive-parity bands are deduced. The experimental results indicate that the Qt values of the negative parity band are smaller than those of the positive parity bands, probably due to different γ-deformation driving effects of different proton orbitals. The Qt values exhibit a considerable increase near the band crossing region in these bands. This behavior demonstrates that nuclear shape changing results from the neutron or proton alignments. The signature splitting of the πh11/2 and πg7/2 bands shows the opposite changing trend after backbending due to the h11/2 neutron and h11/2 proton alignments, respectively.

  16. Sub-Ohmic spin-boson model with off-diagonal coupling: ground state properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lü, Zhiguo; Duan, Liwei; Li, Xin; Shenai, Prathamesh M; Zhao, Yang

    2013-10-28

    We have carried out analytical and numerical studies of the spin-boson model in the sub-ohmic regime with the influence of both the diagonal and the off-diagonal coupling accounted for, via the Davydov D1 variational ansatz. While a second-order phase transition is known to be exhibited by this model in the presence of diagonal coupling only, we demonstrate the emergence of a discontinuous first order phase transition upon incorporation of the off-diagonal coupling. A plot of the ground state energy versus magnetization highlights the discontinuous nature of the transition between the isotropic (zero magnetization) state and nematic (finite magnetization) phases. We have also calculated the entanglement entropy and a discontinuity found at a critical coupling strength further supports the discontinuous crossover in the spin-boson model in the presence of off-diagonal coupling. It is further revealed via a canonical transformation approach that for the special case of identical exponents for the spectral densities of the diagonal and the off-diagonal coupling, there exists a continuous crossover from a single localized phase to doubly degenerate localized phase with differing magnetizations.

  17. The Relationship between Exchangeable Random Variables and Independent and Identically Distributed Random Variables%可交换随机变量与独立同分布随机变量之间的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄兆霞

    2014-01-01

    The De finetti's theorem states that infinite exchangeable random variables sequences are independent and identically distribut-ed with the condition of the tailσ-algebra. So some results about independent identically distributed random variables are similar to ex-changeable random variables. This paper gives some conclusions of the relationship between exchangeable random variables and indepen-dent and identically distributed random variables.%由于可交换随机变量的基本结构定理De Finetti定理---可交换随机变量无限序列以其尾σ-代数为条件是独立同分布的,因而可交换随机变量应具有类似于独立同分布随机变量的性质。本文给出了可交换随机变量与独立同分布随机变量间关系的一些结论。

  18. Influence of spin-orbit interactions on the cubic crystal-field states of the d4 system*

    OpenAIRE

    Radwanski, R. J.; Ropka, Z.

    2002-01-01

    It has been shown that for the highly-correlated d4 electronic system the spin-orbit interactions produce, even in case of the cubic crystal-field interactions, a singlet ground state. Its magnetic moment grows rapidly with the applied magnetic field approaching 4 uB for the Eg state, but only 3 uB for the T2g state. The applicability of the present results to the Mn3+ ion in LaMnO3 is discussed. Keywords: crystal-field, spin-orbit, orbital moment. PACS: 71.70.E, 75.10.D

  19. Measurement of Integrated Stokes Parameters for He 3 3p State Excited by Spin-Polarized Electrons

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DING Hai-Bing; PANG Wen-Ning; LIU Yi-Bao; SHANG Ren-Cheng

    2005-01-01

    @@ Integrated Stokes parameters Pi (i = 1, 2, 3) for the He 3 3p → 2 3S1 (388.9nm) transition after excitation from the ground state to the 3 3 P state by a transversely spin-polarized electron beam are measured in near threshold energy region. The experimental results are presented. The linear-polarization P2 are consistent with zero over the incident energy range, providing evidence for the LS coupling mechanism of the 3 3P state. The measured circular polarization P3 are non-zero, indicating strong electron-electron exchange effects in the spin-polarized electron-atom collision process.

  20. Entanglement and localization of the one spin excitation states in a quantum $XX$ chain with a impurity

    CERN Document Server

    Zwick, A

    2009-01-01

    One spin excitation states are involved in the transmission of quantum states and entanglement through a quantum spin chain, the localization properties of these states are crucial to achieve the transfer of information from one extreme of the chain to the other. We investigate the bipartite entanglement and localization of the one excitation states in a quantum $XX$ chain with one impurity. The bipartite entanglement is obtained using the Concurrence and the localization is analyzed using the inverse participation ratio. Changing the strength of the exchange coupling of the impurity allows us to control the number of localized or extended states. Our results show that equally localized states do not possess the same bipartite entanglement and suggest that only a restricted class of localizated states allows the storage and transmission of quantum states.

  1. Gravitational waves from spinning black hole-neutron star binaries: dependence on black hole spins and on neutron star equations of state

    CERN Document Server

    Kyutoku, Koutarou; Shibata, Masaru; Taniguchi, Keisuke

    2011-01-01

    We study the merger of black hole (BH)-neutron star (NS) binaries with a variety of BH spins aligned or anti-aligned with the orbital angular momentum, and with the mass ratio in the range MBH/MNS = 2--5, where MBH and MNS are the mass of the BH and NS, respectively. We model NS matter by systematically parametrized piecewise polytropic equations of state. The initial condition is computed in the puncture framework adopting an isolated horizon framework to estimate the BH spin and assuming an irrotational velocity field for the fluid inside the NS. Dynamical simulations are performed in full general relativity by an adaptive mesh refinement code, SACRA. The treatment of hydrodynamic equations and estimation of the disk mass are improved. We find that the NS is tidally disrupted irrespective of the mass ratio when the BH has a moderately large prograde spin, whereas only binaries with low mass ratios, MBH/MNS ~ 0.1 Msun, which is required by central engines of short gamma-ray bursts, if the BH spin is prograde...

  2. A new integral representation for the scalar products of Bethe states for the XXX spin chain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kazama, Yoichi; Komatsu, Shota; Nishimura, Takuya

    2013-09-01

    Based on the method of separation of variables due to Sklyanin, we construct a new integral representation for the scalar products of the Bethe states for the SU(2) XXX spin 1/2 chain obeying the periodic boundary condition. Due to the compactness of the symmetry group, a twist matrix must be introduced at the boundary in order to extract the separated variables properly. Then by deriving the integration measure and the spectrum of the separated variables, we express the inner product of an on-shell and an off-shell Bethe states in terms of a multiple contour integral involving a product of Baxter wave functions. Its form is reminiscent of the integral over the eigenvalues of a matrix model and is expected to be useful in studying the semi-classical limit of the product.

  3. Studies on the Magnetic Ground State of a Spin Möbius Strip.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newton, Graham N; Hoshino, Norihisa; Matsumoto, Takuto; Shiga, Takuya; Nakano, Motohiro; Nojiri, Hiroyuki; Wernsdorfer, Wolfgang; Furukawa, Yuji; Oshio, Hiroki

    2016-09-26

    Here we report the synthesis, structure and detailed characterisation of three n-membered oxovanadium rings, Nan [(V=O)n Nan (H2 O)n (α, β, or γ-CD)2 ]⋅m H2 O (n=6, 7, or 8), prepared by the reactions of (V=O)SO4 ⋅x H2 O with α, β, or γ-cyclodextrins (CDs) and NaOH in water. Their alternating heterometallic vanadium/sodium cyclic core structures were sandwiched between two CD moieties such that O-Na-O groups separated the neighbouring vanadyl ions. Antiferromagnetic interactions between the S=1/2 vanadyl ions led to S=0 ground states for the even-membered rings, but to two quasi-degenerate S=1/2 states for the spin-frustrated heptanuclear cluster.

  4. Photoswitchable Magnetic Resonance Imaging Contrast by Improved Light-Driven Coordination-Induced Spin State Switch.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dommaschk, Marcel; Peters, Morten; Gutzeit, Florian; Schütt, Christian; Näther, Christian; Sönnichsen, Frank D; Tiwari, Sanjay; Riedel, Christian; Boretius, Susann; Herges, Rainer

    2015-06-24

    We present a fully reversible and highly efficient on-off photoswitching of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast with green (500 nm) and violet-blue (435 nm) light. The contrast change is based on intramolecular light-driven coordination-induced spin state switch (LD-CISSS), performed with azopyridine-substituted Ni-porphyrins. The relaxation time of the solvent protons in 3 mM solutions of the azoporphyrins in DMSO was switched between 3.5 and 1.7 s. The relaxivity of the contrast agent changes by a factor of 6.7. No fatigue or side reaction was observed, even after >100,000 switching cycles in air at room temperature. Electron-donating substituents at the pyridine improve the LD-CISSS in two ways: better photostationary states are achieved, and intramolecular binding is enhanced.

  5. Quantum spin Hall and Z2 metallic states in an organic material

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Bao; Zhang, Jiayong; Feng, Wanxiang; Yao, Yugui; Yang, Zhongqin

    2014-11-01

    Motivated by recently searching for topological states in organic materials as well as successful experimental synthesis of a graphitelike metal-organic framework Ni3(C18H12N6 )2 [Sheberla et al., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 136, 8859 (2014), 10.1021/ja502765n], we systematically investigated the electronic and topological properties of the Ni3(C18H12N6 )2 monolayer using an ab initio method combined with a tight-binding model. Our calculations demonstrate that the material can be in a quantum spin Hall or Z2 metallic state in different electron-doped concentrations, which are experimentally accessible with currently electrostatic gating technologies. The tight-binding model also shows that the real next-nearest-neighbor interaction is essential to drive the Z2 metallic phase in Ni3(C18H12N6 )2-type lattices.

  6. A new integral representation for the scalar products of Bethe states for the XXX spin chain

    CERN Document Server

    Kazama, Yoichi; Nishimura, Takuya

    2013-01-01

    Based on the method of separation of variables due to Sklyanin, we construct a new integral representation for the scalar products of the Bethe states for the SU(2) XXX spin 1/2 chain obeying the periodic boundary condition. Due to the compactness of the symmetry group, a twist matrix must be introduced at the boundary in order to extract the separated variables properly. Then by deriving the integration measure and the spectrum of the separated variables, we express the inner product of an on-shell and an off-shell Bethe states in terms of a multiple contour integral involving a product of Baxter wave functions. Its form is reminiscent of the integral over the eigenvalues of a matrix model and is expected to be useful in studying the semi-classical limit of the product.

  7. Nuclear structure and high-spin states of [sup 137]Pr

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dragulescu, E.; Ivascu, M.; Petrache, C.; Popescu, D.; Semenescu, G.; Gurgu, I.; Ionescu-Bujor, M.; Iordachescu, A.; Pascovici, G. (Inst. of Atomic Physics, Bucharest (Romania)); Meyer, R.A. (Montgomery Coll., Takoma Park, MD (United States)); Lopac, V. (Zagreb Univ. (Croatia). Faculty of Technology); Brant, S.; Paar, V.; Vorkapic, D.; Vretenar, D. (Zagreb Univ. (Croatia). Dept. of Physics)

    1992-10-19

    Levels in [sup 137]Pr were populated in the [sup 126]Te([sup 14]N, 3n) and [sup 122]Sn([sup 19]F, 4n) reactions and the subsequent radiation was studied using in-beam [gamma]-ray spectroscopy methods including [gamma]-ray excitation-function, angular-distribution, [gamma][gamma](t) coincidence and [gamma](t) measurements. A level scheme with new states up to spin 35/2 belonging to [sup 137]Pr is given. The lifetime of the 11/2[sup -][sub 1] state at 563.4 keV has been determined as T[sub 1/2] = 2.66 [+-] 0.07 [mu]s. The calculation of low-lying levels in [sup 137]Pr performed in IBFM has been compared to experimental data. (orig.).

  8. Quantum oscillations in the anomalous spin density wave state of FeAs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Daniel J.; Eckberg, Chris; Wang, Kefeng; Wang, Limin; Hodovanets, Halyna; Graf, Dave; Parker, David; Paglione, Johnpierre

    2017-08-01

    Quantum oscillations in the binary antiferromagnetic metal FeAs are presented and compared to theoretical predictions for the electronic band structure in the anomalous spin density wave state of this material. Demonstrating a method for growing single crystals out of Bi flux, we utilize the highest quality FeAs to perform torque magnetometry experiments up to 35 T, using rotations of field angle in two planes to provide evidence for one electron and one hole band in the magnetically ordered state. The resulting picture agrees with previous experimental evidence for multiple carriers at low temperatures, but the exact Fermi surface shape differs from predictions, suggesting that correlations play a role in deviation from ab initio theory and cause up to a fourfold enhancement in the effective carrier mass.

  9. Extremal Optimization for Ground States of the Sherrington-Kirkpatrick Spin Glass with Levy Bonds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boettcher, Stefan

    2013-03-01

    Using the Extremal Optimization heuristic (EO),[3] ground states of the SK-spin glass are studied with bonds J distributed according to a Levy distribution P (J) ~ 1 /| J | 1 + α with | J | > 1 and 1 model with Gaussian bonds.[4] We find that the energies attain universally the Parisi-energy of the SK when the second moment of P(J) exists (α > 2). They compare favorably with recent one-step replica symmetry breaking predictions well below α = 2 . Near α = 2 , the simulations deviate significantly from theoretical expectations. The finite-size corrections exponent ω decays from the putative SK value ωSK =2/3 already well above α = 2 . The exponent ρ for the scaling of ground state energy fluctuations with system size decays linearly from its SK value for decreasing α and vanishes at α = 1 . Supported through NSF grant DMR-#1207431

  10. Spin-orbit force, recoil corrections, and possible BB¯* and DD¯* molecular states

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Lu; Ma, Li; Zhu, Shi-Lin

    2014-05-01

    In the framework of the one-boson exchange model, we have calculated the effective potentials between two heavy mesons BB¯* and DD¯* from the t- and u-channel π-, η-, ρ-, ω-, and σ-meson exchanges with four kinds of quantum number: I=0, JPC=1++; I =0, JPC=1+-; I =1, JPC=1++; I =1, JPC=1+-. We keep the recoil corrections to the BB¯* and DD¯* systems up to O(1/M2). The spin-orbit force appears at O(/1M), which turns out to be important for the very loosely bound molecular states. Our numerical results show that the momentum-related corrections are unfavorable to the formation of the molecular states in the I =0, JPC=1++ and I =1, JPC=1+- channels in the DD¯* system.

  11. On multiple alternating steady states induced by periodic spin phase perturbation waveforms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buračas, Giedrius T; Jung, Youngkyoo; Lee, Jongho; Buxton, Richard B; Wong, Eric C; Liu, Thomas T

    2012-05-01

    Direct measurement of neural currents by means of MRI can potentially open a high temporal resolution (10-100 ms) window applicable for monitoring dynamics of neuronal activity without loss of the high spatial resolution afforded by MRI. Previously, we have shown that the alternating balanced steady state imaging affords high sensitivity to weak periodic currents owing to its amplification of periodic spin phase perturbations. This technique, however, requires precise synchronization of such perturbations to the radiofrequency pulses. Herein, we extend alternating balanced steady state imaging to multiple balanced alternating steady states for estimation of neural current waveforms. Simulations and phantom experiments show that the off-resonance profile of the multiple alternating steady state signal carries information about the frequency content of driving waveforms. In addition, the method is less sensitive than alternating balanced steady state to precise waveform timing relative to radiofrequency pulses. Thus, multiple alternating steady state technique is potentially applicable to MR imaging of the waveforms of periodic neuronal activity.

  12. Determination of the molecular structure of the short-lived light-induced high-spin state in the spin-crossover compound [Fe(6-mepy)3tren](PF6)2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chakraborty, Pradip; Tissot, Antoine; Peterhans, Lisa; Guénée, Laure; Besnard, Céline; Pattison, Philip; Hauser, Andreas

    2013-06-01

    In the spin-crossover compound [Fe(6-mepy)3tren](PF6)2, (6-mepy)3tren = tris{4-[(6-methyl)-2-pyridyl]-3-aza-butenyl}amine, the high-spin state can be populated as a metastable state below the thermal transition temperature via irradiation into the metal to the ligand charge-transfer absorption band of the low-spin species. At 10 K, the lifetime of this metastable state is only 1 s. Despite this, it is possible to determine an accurate excited state structure by following the evolution of relevant structural parameters by synchrotron x-ray diffraction under continuous irradiation with increasing intensity. The difference in metal-ligand bond length between the high-spin and the low-spin states is found to be 0.192 Å, obtained from an analysis of the experimental data using the mean-field approximation to model cooperative effects.

  13. Theoretical study on OH{sup −} site and electronic spin state of oxygen-evolving complex in photosystem II at the dark S{sub 1} state

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hatakeyama, Makoto; Ogata, Koji; Nakamura, Shinichiro [RIKEN Research Cluster for Innovation, Nakamura Laboratory, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan); Uchida, Waka [Department of Biomolecular Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology, B-70, 4259 Nagatsuta, Midori-ku, Yokohama 226-8503 (Japan)

    2013-12-10

    Possible protonation and electronic-spin states of oxygen-evolving complex (OEC) in photosystem II have been investigated by using QM(DFT-UB3LYP)/MM(Amber) calculation, in order to elucidate which OEC state satisfies the known experimental results at the dark stable state (S{sub 1}), i.e. OEC involves Mn{sub 4}(III{sub 2},IV{sub 4})-cluster and a S=0 state as the lowest energy electronic-spin state at S{sub 1}. The configuration of Mn oxidation numbers and the lowest energy spin state within the Mn{sub 4}-cluster depend on the protonation state of one oxo-anion bridging three Mn ions. When all water-ligands and oxo-bridges form H{sub 2}O and O{sup 2−}, respectively, the resulting OEC model involved Mn{sub 4}(III{sub 2},IV{sub 2})-cluster and one S=0 state as the lowest energy spin state. To rationalize the O{sup 2−}-bridge model at S{sub 1} state, a new H{sup +}-release scheme during the H{sub 2}O-splitting reaction is proposed.

  14. Properties of the ground state in a spin-2 transverse Ising model with the presence of a crystal field

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜伟; 魏国柱; 杜安; 张起

    2002-01-01

    The properties of the ground state in the spin-2 transverse Ising model with the presence of a crystal field arestudied by using the effective-field theory with correlations. The longitudinal and transverse magnetizations, the phasediagram and the internal energy in the ground state are given numerically for a honeycomb lattice (z=3).

  15. Multinuclear solid state nuclear magnetic resonance investigation of water penetration in proton exchange membrane Nafion-117 by mechanical spinning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sabarinathan, Venkatachalam; Wu, Zhen; Cheng, Ren-Hao; Ding, Shangwu

    2013-05-30

    (1)H, (17)O, and (19)F solid state NMR spectroscopies have been used to investigate water penetration in Nafion-117 under mechanical spinning. It is found that both (1)H and (17)O spectra depend on the orientation of the membrane with respect to the magnetic field. The intensities of the side chain (19)F spectra depend slightly on the orientation of membrane with respect to the magnetic field, but the backbone (19)F spectra do not exhibit orientation dependence. By analyzing the orientation dependent (1)H and (17)O spectra and time-resolved (1)H spectra, we show that the water loaded in Nafion-117, under high spinning speed, may penetrate into regions that are normally inaccessible by water. Water penetration is enhanced as the spinning speed is increased or the spinning time is increased. In the meantime, mechanical spinning accelerates water exchange. It is also found that water penetration by mechanical spinning is persistent; i.e., after spinning, water remains in those newly found regions. While water penetration changes the pores and channels in Nafion, (19)F spectra indicate that the chemical environments of the polymer backbone do not show change. These results provide new insights about the structure and dynamics of Nafion-117 and related materials. They are relevant to proton exchange membrane aging and offer enlightening points of view on antiaging and modification of this material for better proton conductivity. It is also interesting to view this phenomenon in the perspective of forced nanofiltration.

  16. Quasi 2D electronic states with high spin-polarization in centrosymmetric MoS2 bulk crystals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gehlmann, Mathias; Aguilera, Irene; Bihlmayer, Gustav; Młyńczak, Ewa; Eschbach, Markus; Döring, Sven; Gospodarič, Pika; Cramm, Stefan; Kardynał, Beata; Plucinski, Lukasz; Blügel, Stefan; Schneider, Claus M.

    2016-06-01

    Time reversal dictates that nonmagnetic, centrosymmetric crystals cannot be spin-polarized as a whole. However, it has been recently shown that the electronic structure in these crystals can in fact show regions of high spin-polarization, as long as it is probed locally in real and in reciprocal space. In this article we present the first observation of this type of compensated polarization in MoS2 bulk crystals. Using spin- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES), we directly observed a spin-polarization of more than 65% for distinct valleys in the electronic band structure. By additionally evaluating the probing depth of our method, we find that these valence band states at the point in the Brillouin zone are close to fully polarized for the individual atomic trilayers of MoS2, which is confirmed by our density functional theory calculations. Furthermore, we show that this spin-layer locking leads to the observation of highly spin-polarized bands in ARPES since these states are almost completely confined within two dimensions. Our findings prove that these highly desired properties of MoS2 can be accessed without thinning it down to the monolayer limit.

  17. Quasi 2D electronic states with high spin-polarization in centrosymmetric MoS2 bulk crystals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gehlmann, Mathias; Aguilera, Irene; Bihlmayer, Gustav; Młyńczak, Ewa; Eschbach, Markus; Döring, Sven; Gospodarič, Pika; Cramm, Stefan; Kardynał, Beata; Plucinski, Lukasz; Blügel, Stefan; Schneider, Claus M

    2016-06-01

    Time reversal dictates that nonmagnetic, centrosymmetric crystals cannot be spin-polarized as a whole. However, it has been recently shown that the electronic structure in these crystals can in fact show regions of high spin-polarization, as long as it is probed locally in real and in reciprocal space. In this article we present the first observation of this type of compensated polarization in MoS2 bulk crystals. Using spin- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES), we directly observed a spin-polarization of more than 65% for distinct valleys in the electronic band structure. By additionally evaluating the probing depth of our method, we find that these valence band states at the point in the Brillouin zone are close to fully polarized for the individual atomic trilayers of MoS2, which is confirmed by our density functional theory calculations. Furthermore, we show that this spin-layer locking leads to the observation of highly spin-polarized bands in ARPES since these states are almost completely confined within two dimensions. Our findings prove that these highly desired properties of MoS2 can be accessed without thinning it down to the monolayer limit.

  18. Large Spin Splitting and Interfacial States in a Bi /BaTiO3(001 ) Rashba Ferroelectric Heterostructure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lutz, P.; Figgemeier, T.; El-Fattah, Z. M. Abd; Bentmann, H.; Reinert, F.

    2017-04-01

    The fabrication of hybrid systems in which specific physical properties of materials are coupled provides a setting to explore alternative functionality in condensed matter physics. Here, we realize the formation of spin-polarized electronic states, arising from a strong spin-orbit interaction, on the prototype ferroelectric BaTiO3(001 ) by epitaxial growth of ultrathin bismuth layers. Low-energy electron diffraction shows that the films grow along the Bi(0001) orientation and form two twinned and 90°-rotated domains. Using angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy, we directly confirm the presence of metallic electronic states with large spin splitting in the bulk band gap of the substrate. At a low film thickness of approximately 4 monolayers, we observe the emergence of an interface state close to the Fermi energy that features a holelike dispersion near the X ¯ point of BaTiO3(001 ) . Our results demonstrate the formation of low-dimensional electronic states with large spin splitting coupled to a BaTiO3 substrate, with importance for the exploration of spin manipulation at interfaces based on ferroelectricity.

  19. Cooling a mechanical resonator with nitrogen-vacancy centres using a room temperature excited state spin-strain interaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macquarrie, E. R.; Otten, M.; Gray, S. K.; Fuchs, G. D.

    2017-02-01

    Cooling a mechanical resonator mode to a sub-thermal state has been a long-standing challenge in physics. This pursuit has recently found traction in the field of optomechanics in which a mechanical mode is coupled to an optical cavity. An alternate method is to couple the resonator to a well-controlled two-level system. Here we propose a protocol to dissipatively cool a room temperature mechanical resonator using a nitrogen-vacancy centre ensemble. The spin ensemble is coupled to the resonator through its orbitally-averaged excited state, which has a spin-strain interaction that has not been previously studied. We experimentally demonstrate that the spin-strain coupling in the excited state is 13.5+/-0.5 times stronger than the ground state spin-strain coupling. We then theoretically show that this interaction, combined with a high-density spin ensemble, enables the cooling of a mechanical resonator from room temperature to a fraction of its thermal phonon occupancy.

  20. Optimal control of fast and high-fidelity quantum state transfer in spin-1/2 chains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Xiong-Peng; Shao, Bin; Hu, Shuai; Zou, Jian; Wu, Lian-Ao

    2016-12-01

    Spin chains are promising candidates for quantum communication and computation. Using quantum optimal control (OC) theory based on the Krotov method, we present a protocol to perform quantum state transfer with fast and high fidelity by only manipulating the boundary spins in a quantum spin-1/2 chain. The achieved speed is about one order of magnitude faster than that is possible in the Lyapunov control case for comparable fidelities. Additionally, it has a fundamental limit for OC beyond which optimization is not possible. The controls are exerted only on the couplings between the boundary spins and their neighbors, so that the scheme has good scalability. We also demonstrate that the resulting OC scheme is robust against disorder in the chain.

  1. Polynomially scaling spin dynamics II: Further state-space compression using Krylov subspace techniques and zero track elimination

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuprov, Ilya

    2008-11-01

    We extend the recently proposed state-space restriction (SSR) technique for quantum spin dynamics simulations [Kuprov et al., J. Magn. Reson. 189 (2007) 241-250] to include on-the-fly detection and elimination of unpopulated dimensions from the system density matrix. Further improvements in spin dynamics simulation speed, frequently by several orders of magnitude, are demonstrated. The proposed zero track elimination (ZTE) procedure is computationally inexpensive, reversible, numerically stable and easy to add to any existing simulation code. We demonstrate that it belongs to the same family of Krylov subspace techniques as the well-known Lanczos basis pruning procedure. The combined SSR + ZTE algorithm is recommended for simulations of NMR, EPR and Spin Chemistry experiments on systems containing between 10 and 10 4 coupled spins.

  2. Optimal control of fast and high-fidelity quantum state transfer in spin-1/2 chains

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, Xiong-Peng [School of Physics, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081 (China); Shao, Bin, E-mail: sbin610@bit.edu.cn [School of Physics, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081 (China); Hu, Shuai; Zou, Jian [School of Physics, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081 (China); Wu, Lian-Ao [Department of Theoretical Physics and History of Science, The Basque Country University (EHU/UPV), PO Box 644, 48080 Bilbao (Spain); Ikerbasque, Basque Foundation for Science, 48011 Bilbao (Spain)

    2016-12-15

    Spin chains are promising candidates for quantum communication and computation. Using quantum optimal control (OC) theory based on the Krotov method, we present a protocol to perform quantum state transfer with fast and high fidelity by only manipulating the boundary spins in a quantum spin-1/2 chain. The achieved speed is about one order of magnitude faster than that is possible in the Lyapunov control case for comparable fidelities. Additionally, it has a fundamental limit for OC beyond which optimization is not possible. The controls are exerted only on the couplings between the boundary spins and their neighbors, so that the scheme has good scalability. We also demonstrate that the resulting OC scheme is robust against disorder in the chain.

  3. State/Operator Correspondence in Higher-Spin dS/CFT

    CERN Document Server

    Ng, Gim Seng

    2012-01-01

    A recently conjectured microscopic realization of the dS$_4$/CFT$_3$ correspondence relating Vasiliev's higher-spin gravity on dS$_4$ to a Euclidean $Sp(N)$ CFT$_3$ is used to illuminate some previously inaccessible aspects of the dS/CFT dictionary. In particular it is argued that states of the boundary CFT$_3$ on $S^2$ are holographically dual to bulk states on geodesically complete, spacelike $R^3$ slices which terminate on an $S^2$ at future infinity. The dictionary is described in detail for the case of free scalar excitations. The ground states of the free or critical $Sp(N)$ model are dual to dS-invariant plane-wave type vacua, while the bulk Euclidean vacuum is dual to a certain mixed state in the CFT$_3$. CFT$_3$ states created by operator insertions are found to be dual to (anti) quasinormal modes in the bulk. A norm is defined on the $R^3$ bulk Hilbert space and shown for the scalar case to be equivalent to both the Zamolodchikov and pseudounitary C-norm of the $Sp(N)$ CFT$_3$.

  4. Infrared spectroscopy of molecular ions in selected rotational and spin-orbit states

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacovella, U.; Agner, J. A.; Schmutz, H.; Deiglmayr, J.; Merkt, F.

    2016-07-01

    First results are presented obtained with an experimental setup developed to record IR spectra of rotationally state-selected ions. The method we use is a state-selective version of a method developed by Schlemmer et al. [Int. J. Mass Spectrom. 185, 589 (1999); J. Chem. Phys. 117, 2068 (2002)] to record IR spectra of ions. Ions are produced in specific rotational levels using mass-analyzed-threshold-ionization spectroscopy. The state-selected ions generated by pulsed-field ionization of Rydberg states of high principal quantum number (n ≈ 200) are extracted toward an octupole ion guide containing a neutral target gas. Prior to entering the octupole, the ions are excited by an IR laser. The target gas is chosen so that only excited ions react to form product ions. These product ions are detected mass selectively as a function of the IR laser wavenumber. To illustrate this method, we present IR spectra of C 2 H2 + in selected rotational levels of the 2Πu,3/2 and 2Πu,1/2 spin-orbit components of the vibronic ground state.

  5. The open XXX spin chain in the SoV framework: scalar product of separate states

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kitanine, N.; Maillet, J. M.; Niccoli, G.; Terras, V.

    2017-06-01

    We consider the XXX open spin-1/2 chain with the most general non-diagonal boundary terms, that we solve by means of the quantum separation of variables (SoV) approach. We compute the scalar products of separate states, a class of states which notably contains all the eigenstates of the model. As usual for models solved by SoV, these scalar products can be expressed as some determinants with a non-trivial dependance in terms of the inhomogeneity parameters that have to be introduced for the method to be applicable. We show that these determinants can be transformed into alternative ones in which the homogeneous limit can easily be taken. These new representations can be considered as generalizations of the well-known determinant representation for the scalar products of the Bethe states of the periodic chain. In the particular case where a constraint is applied on the boundary parameters, such that the transfer matrix spectrum and eigenstates can be characterized in terms of polynomial solutions of a usual T-Q equation, the scalar product that we compute here corresponds to the scalar product between two off-shell Bethe-type states. If in addition one of the states is an eigenstate, the determinant representation can be simplified, hence leading in this boundary case to direct analogues of algebraic Bethe ansatz determinant representations of the scalar products for the periodic chain.

  6. Thermal Equation of State and Spin Transition of Fe-rich Carbonate at High Pressure and Temperature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, J.; Lin, J.; Mao, Z.; Prakapenka, V.

    2013-12-01

    Magnesite [MgCO3] has been reported to be a potential stable phase as a major deep-carbon host at deep-mantle conditions, in which it is expected to contain approximately 20 mole% of iron in the lattice. Laboratory studies of Fe-bearing magnesite [(MgFe)CO3] across the spin transition at high P-T conditions can provide crucial constraints on the role and behavior of deep carbon in the geochemistry and geophysics of the Earth's mantle, and therefore the mantle's role in the global carbon cycle. In situ synchrotron X-ray diffraction experiments on natural magnesiosiderite [(Mg0.35Fe0.65)CO3] were conducted using resistive and laser-heated diamond anvil cells (DACs) up to 80 GPa and 1200 K. Based on thermal elastic modeling of the measured pressure-volume curves at given temperatures, we have derived thermal equation of state (EoS) parameters and the spin-crossover diagram of magnesiosiderite across the spin transition. These results show the spin crossover broadened and shifted toward higher pressures at elevated temperatures. Low-spin magnesiosiderite is denser and more incompressible than the high-spin phase at 1200 K and high pressures. Within the spin crossover at 1200 K, magnesiosiderite exhibits anomalous thermal elastic behaviors, including a dramatic increase in the thermal expansion coefficient and a drop in the isothermal bulk modulus and the bulk sound velocity, respectively. Compared with the end-member magnesite at relevant pressure-temperature conditions of the subducted slabs, the low-spin magnesiosiderite is denser and its unit cell volume is smaller than the end-member magnesite. Here we will present new experimental and thermodynamic modeling results to show how the lower-mantle low-spin Fe-bearing magnesite can become the major deep-carbon host mineral in the lower part of the lower mantle.

  7. Gravitational waves from spinning black hole-neutron star binaries: dependence on black hole spins and on neutron star equations of state

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kyutoku, Koutarou; Okawa, Hirotada; Shibata, Masaru; Taniguchi, Keisuke

    2011-09-01

    We study the merger of black hole-neutron star binaries with a variety of black hole spins aligned or antialigned with the orbital angular momentum, and with the mass ratio in the range MBH/MNS=2-5, where MBH and MNS are the mass of the black hole and neutron star, respectively. We model neutron-star matter by systematically parametrized piecewise polytropic equations of state. The initial condition is computed in the puncture framework adopting an isolated horizon framework to estimate the black hole spin and assuming an irrotational velocity field for the fluid inside the neutron star. Dynamical simulations are performed in full general relativity by an adaptive-mesh refinement code, SACRA. The treatment of hydrodynamic equations and estimation of the disk mass are improved. We find that the neutron star is tidally disrupted irrespective of the mass ratio when the black hole has a moderately large prograde spin, whereas only binaries with low mass ratios, MBH/MNS≲3, or small compactnesses of the neutron stars bring the tidal disruption when the black hole spin is zero or retrograde. The mass of the remnant disk is accordingly large as ≳0.1M⊙, which is required by central engines of short gamma-ray bursts, if the black hole spin is prograde. Information of the tidal disruption is reflected in a clear relation between the compactness of the neutron star and an appropriately defined “cutoff frequency” in the gravitational-wave spectrum, above which the spectrum damps exponentially. We find that the tidal disruption of the neutron star and excitation of the quasinormal mode of the remnant black hole occur in a compatible manner in high mass-ratio binaries with the prograde black hole spin. The correlation between the compactness and the cutoff frequency still holds for such cases. It is also suggested by extrapolation that the merger of an extremely spinning black hole and an irrotational neutron star binary does not lead to the formation of an overspinning

  8. Spin-up, adjustment and equilibrium state of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, H. L.; Allison, L. C.; Marshall, D. P.; Munday, D. R.

    2009-04-01

    An analytical model will be presented for the spin-up, adjustment and equilibrium state of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ACC) in a reduced-gravity ocean, forced by wind stress, buoyancy forcing and diapycnal mixing. The initial spin-up from a shallow pycnocline (consistent with Sandstrom's theorem) is controlled by diapycnal mixing, but the eventual equilibration/adjustment time-scale is controlled by the Gent and McWilliams eddy transfer coefficient. This has important implications for climate model studies, which greatly underestimate the sensitivity of eddy fluxes to changes in the mean strength of the ACC. We also find that diapycnal mixing plays an important role in setting the mean strength of the ACC, in particular in the limit of strong diapycnal mixing (10-4 m2 s-1). This is for precisely the same reasons that diapycnal mixing may be important in setting the strength of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC). The theoretical predictions are compared with the results of numerical calculations carried out with the MITgcm, in a global configuration with parameterized eddies, and in an idealized basin/re-entrant channel configuration with partially resolved eddies. The relationship between ACC adjustment, the global pycnocline and the AMOC, as well as the possibility of exciting seiching modes between the different basins, will also be discussed.

  9. Structure of high-spin states in sup 1 sup 0 sup 0 Pd

    CERN Document Server

    Pérez, G E; Algora, A; Dombrádi, Z; Nyakó, B M; Timar, J; Zolnai, L; Wyss, R; Cederkäll, J; Johnson, A; Kérek, A; Klamra, W; Norlin, L O; Lipoglavsek, M; Fahlander, C; Likar, A; Palacz, M; Atac, A; Nyberg, J; Persson, J; Gizon, A; Gizon, J; Boston, A J; Paul, E S; Grawe, H; Schubart, R; Joss, D T; Juutinen, S; Maekelae, E; Kownacki, J P; De Poli, M; Bednarczyk, P; De Angelis, G; Seweryniak, D; Foltescu, D; Roth, H A; Skeppstedt, Ö; Jerrestam, D; Shizuma, T; Sletten, G; Toermaenen, S

    2001-01-01

    High-spin states of the neutron deficient sup 1 sup 0 sup 0 Pd nucleus have been investigated via the sup 5 sup 0 Cr( sup 5 sup 8 Ni, 4p alpha) and sup 7 sup 0 Zn( sup 3 sup 6 S,6n) heavy-ion induced reactions. For the detection of evaporated particles and gamma rays the NORDBALL array equipped with ancillary detectors and the EUROGAM II detector system were utilized. By the use of in-beam spectroscopic methods 89 transitions belonging to sup 1 sup 0 sup 0 Pd have been observed, 49 of which were identified for the first time. The level scheme has been extended up to E sub x approx 16 MeV excitation energy and I approx 25 Planck constant. The experimental results were compared with the predictions of cranked shell model calculations. Maximal spin alignments were found in the (pi g sub 9 sub / sub 2) sup - sup 4 sub 1 sub 2 sub sup + (nu d sub 5 sub / sub 2 ,g sub 7 sub / sub 2 sup 3 h sub 1 sub 1 sub / sub 2) sub 1 sub 3 sub sup - and (pi g sub 9 sub / sub 2 sup - sup 3 p sub 1 sub / sub 2) sub 1 sub 1 sub sup...

  10. Determination of electronic ground state properties of a dinuclear iron(II) spin crossover complex

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bauer, T. O., E-mail: thbauer@rhrk.uni-kl.de [University of Kaiserslautern, Department of Physics (Germany); Schmitz, M.; Graf, M.; Kelm, H.; Krüger, H.-J. [University of Kaiserslautern, Department of Chemistry (Germany); Schünemann, V. [University of Kaiserslautern, Department of Physics (Germany)

    2016-12-15

    The dinuclear complex [(Fe(L-N{sub 4}Me{sub 2})){sub 2}(BiBzIm)](ClO{sub 4}){sub 2}⋅2EtCN (1) has been investigated by Mössbauer spectroscopy carried out in the temperature range from 5 to 150 K with externally applied magnetic fields of up to B = 5 T. By means of a consistent simulation of all experimental data sets within the Spin Hamiltonian formalism, the zero-field splitting D and the rhombicity parameter E/D of the ferrous high-spin (HS) site in this complex was determined to be D = −15.0 ± 1.0 cm{sup −1} and E/D = 0.33 respectively. The sign of the quadrupole splitting of the HS site is positive which indicates that this iron site of the dinuclear complex 1 has an electronic ground state with the d{sub xy} orbital being twofold occupied.

  11. Spin state transition in LaCoO3 studied using soft x-ray absorption spectroscopy and magnetic circular dichroism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haverkort, M W; Hu, Z; Cezar, J C; Burnus, T; Hartmann, H; Reuther, M; Zobel, C; Lorenz, T; Tanaka, A; Brookes, N B; Hsieh, H H; Lin, H-J; Chen, C T; Tjeng, L H

    2006-10-27

    Using soft x-ray absorption spectroscopy and magnetic circular dichroism at the Co-L(2,3) edge, we reveal that the spin state transition in LaCoO3 can be well described by a low-spin ground state and a triply degenerate high-spin first excited state. From the temperature dependence of the spectral line shapes, we find that LaCoO3 at finite temperatures is an inhomogeneous mixed-spin state system. It is crucial that the magnetic circular dichroism signal in the paramagnetic state carries a large orbital momentum. This directly shows that the currently accepted low- or intermediate-spin picture is at variance. Parameters derived from these spectroscopies fully explain existing magnetic susceptibility, electron spin resonance, and inelastic neutron data.

  12. Hidden beauty baryon states in the local hidden gauge approach with heavy quark spin symmetry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xiao, C.W.; Oset, E. [Centro Mixto Universidad de Valencia-CSIC, Institutos de Investigacion de Paterna, Departamento de Fisica Teorica and IFIC, Valencia (Spain)

    2013-11-15

    Using a coupled-channel unitary approach, combining the heavy quark spin symmetry and the dynamics of the local hidden gauge, we investigate the meson-baryon interaction with hidden beauty and obtain several new states of N around 11 GeV. We consider the basis of states {eta}{sub b} N, {Upsilon};N, B {Lambda}{sub b}, B {Sigma}{sub b}, B{sup *}{Lambda}{sub b}, B{sup *}{Sigma}{sub b}, B{sup *}{Sigma}{sub b}{sup *} and find four basic bound states which correspond to B {Sigma}{sub b}, B {Sigma}{sub b}{sup *}, B{sup *}{Sigma}{sub b} and B{sup *}{Sigma}{sub b}{sup *}, decaying mostly into {eta}{sub b} N and {Upsilon}N and with a binding energy about 50-130 MeV with respect to the thresholds of the corresponding channel. All of them have isospin I = 1/2, and we find no bound states or resonances in I = 3/2. The B {Sigma}{sub b} state appears in J = 1/2, the B {Sigma}{sub b}{sup *} in J = 3/2, the B{sup *}{Sigma}{sub b} appears nearly degenerate in J = 1/2, 3/2 and the B{sup *}{Sigma}{sub b}{sup *} appears nearly degenerate in J = 1/2, 3/2, 5/2. These states have a width from 2-110 MeV, with conservative estimates of uncertainties, except for the one in J = 5/2 which has zero width since it cannot decay into any of the states of the basis chosen. We make generous estimates of the uncertainties and find that within very large margins these states appear bound. (orig.)

  13. Constructing a gapless spin-liquid state for the spin-1/2 J(1)-J(2) Heisenberg model on a square lattice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Ling; Poilblanc, Didier; Gu, Zheng-Cheng; Wen, Xiao-Gang; Verstraete, Frank

    2013-07-19

    We construct a class of projected entangled pair states which is exactly the resonating valence bond wave functions endowed with both short range and long range valence bonds. With an energetically preferred resonating valence bond pattern, the wave function is simplified to live in a one-parameter variational space. We tune this variational parameter to minimize the energy for the frustrated spin-1/2 J(1)-J(2) antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model on the square lattice. Taking a cylindrical geometry, we are able to construct four topological sectors with an even or odd number of fluxes penetrating the cylinder and an even or odd number of spinons on the boundary. The energy splitting in different topological sectors is exponentially small with the cylinder perimeter. We find a power law decay of the dimer correlation function on a torus, and a lnL correction to the entanglement entropy, indicating a gapless spin-liquid phase at the optimum parameter.

  14. {kappa} state solutions of the Dirac equation for the Eckart potential with pseudospin and spin symmetry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Soylu, A [Department of Physics, Nigde University, 51350, Nigde (Turkey); Bayrak, O; Boztosun, I [Department of Physics, Erciyes University, 38039, Kayseri (Turkey)

    2008-02-15

    For any spin-orbit coupling term {kappa}, the analytical solutions of the Dirac equation for the Eckart potential are presented by using the asymptotic iteration method within the framework of the spin and pseudospin symmetry concept. The energy eigenvalues are obtained in the closed form by applying an approximation to the spin-orbit coupling potential.

  15. Infrared Spectroscopy of Ions in Selected Rotational and Spin-Orbit States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacovella, Ugo; Agner, Josef A.; Schmutz, Hansjürg; Merkt, Frederic

    2016-06-01

    First results are presented obtained using an experimental setup developed to record IR spectra of rotationally state-selected ions. The method we use is a state-selective version of a method developed by Schlemmer et al. to record IR spectra of ions. Ions are produced in specific rotational levels using mass-analysed threshold ionisation (MATI) spectroscopy combined with single-photon excitation of neutral molecules in supersonic expansions with a vacuum-ultraviolet laser. The ions generated by pulsed-field ionisation of Rydberg states of high principal quantum number (n ≈ 200) are extracted toward an octupole ion guide containing a neutral target gas. Prior to entering the octupole the ions are excited by an IR laser. The target gas is chosen so that only excited ions react to form product ions. These product ions are detected mass selectively as function of the IR laser wavenumber. To illustrate this method, we present IR spectra of C_2H_2^+ in selected rotational levels of the ^2Π3/2 and ^2Π1/2 spin-orbit components of the electronic ground state. Schlemmer et al., J. Chem. Phys. 117, 2068 (2002)

  16. High-spin states with seniority v=4,4,6 in 119-126Sn

    CERN Document Server

    Astier, A; Theisen, Ch; Verney, D; Deloncle, I; Houry, M; Lucas, R; Azaiez, F; Barreau, G; Curien, D; Dorvaux, O; Duchene, G; Gall, B J P; Redon, N; Rousseau, M; Stezowski, O

    2012-01-01

    The 119-126Sn nuclei have been produced as fission fragments in two reactions induced by heavy ions: 12C+238U at 90 MeV bombarding energy, 18O+208Pb at 85 MeV. Their level schemes have been built from gamma rays detected using the Euroball array. High-spin states located above the long-lived isomeric states of the even- and odd-A 120-126Sn nuclei have been identified. Moreover isomeric states lying around 4.5 MeV have been established in 120,122,124,126Sn from the delayed coincidences between the fission fragment detector SAPhIR and the Euroball array. The states located above 3-MeV excitation energy are ascribed to several broken pairs of neutrons occupying the nu h11/2 orbit. The maximum value of angular momentum available in such a high-j shell, i.e. for mid-occupation and the breaking of the three neutron pairs, has been identified. This process is observed for the first time in spherical nuclei.

  17. High-spin states with seniority v=4, 5, and 6 in 119-126Sn

    Science.gov (United States)

    Astier, A.; Porquet, M.-G.; Theisen, Ch.; Verney, D.; Deloncle, I.; Houry, M.; Lucas, R.; Azaiez, F.; Barreau, G.; Curien, D.; Dorvaux, O.; Duchêne, G.; Gall, B. J. P.; Redon, N.; Rousseau, M.; Stézowski, O.

    2012-05-01

    The 119-126Sn nuclei have been produced as fission fragments in two reactions induced by heavy ions: 12C+238U at a bombarding energy of 90 MeV and 18O+208Pb at 85 MeV. Their level schemes have been built from γ rays detected using the Euroball array. High-spin states located above the long-lived isomeric states of the even- and odd-A 120-126Sn nuclei have been identified. Moreover, isomeric states lying around 4.5 MeV have been established in 120,122,124,126Sn from the delayed coincidences between the fission fragment detector SAPhIR and the Euroball array. The states located above 3 MeV excitation energy are ascribed to several broken pairs of neutrons occupying the νh11/2 orbit. The maximum value of angular momentum available in such a high-j shell, i.e., for midoccupation and the breaking of the three neutron pairs, has been identified. This process is observed for the first time in spherical nuclei.

  18. Discrepancy between the spin distribution and the magnetic ground state for a triaminoxyl substituted triphenylphosphine oxide derivative.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borobia, Oscar Benedi; Guionneau, Philippe; Heise, Henrike; Köhler, Frank H; Ducasse, Laurent; Vidal-Gancedo, Jose; Veciana, Jaume; Golhen, Stéphane; Ouahab, Lahcène; Sutter, Jean-Pascal

    2004-12-17

    The magnetic interaction and spin transfer via phosphorus have been investigated for the tri-tert-butylaminoxyl para-substituted triphenylphosphine oxide. For this radical unit, the conjugation existing between the pi* orbital of the NO group and the phenyl pi orbitals leads to an efficient delocalization of the spin from the radical to the neighboring aromatic ring. This has been confirmed by using fluid solution high-resolution EPR and solid state MAS NMR spectroscopy. The spin densities located on the atoms of the molecule could be probed since (1)H, (13)C, (14)N, and (31)P are nuclei active in NMR and EPR, and lead to a precise spin distribution map for the triradical. The experimental investigations were completed by a DFT computational study. These techniques established in particular that spin density is located at the phosphorus (rho=-15x10(-3) au), that its sign is in line with the sign alternation principle and that its magnitude is in the order of that found on the aromatic C atoms of the molecule. Surprisingly, whereas the spin distribution scheme supports ferromagnetic interactions among the radical units, the magnetic behavior found for this molecule revealed a low-spin ground state characterized by an intramolecular exchange parameter of J=-7.55 cm(-1) as revealed by solid state susceptibility studies and low temperature EPR. The X-ray crystal structures solved at 293 and 30 K show the occurrence of a crystallographic transition resulting in an ordering of the molecular units at low temperature.

  19. Spin foams

    CERN Document Server

    Engle, Jonathan

    2013-01-01

    The spin foam framework provides a way to define the dynamics of canonical loop quantum gravity in a spacetime covariant way, by using a path integral over histories of quantum states which can be interpreted as `quantum space-times'. This chapter provides a basic introduction to spin foams aimed principally at beginning graduate students and, where possible, at broader audiences.

  20. Constructing quantum dissipations and their reversible states from classical interacting spin systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goderis, D.; Maes, C. (Liege Univ. (BE))

    1991-01-01

    The relation between certain quantum systems and classical stochastic processes - e.g. in the method of functional integration - is formulated on the level of the dynamics for both quantum and classical dissipative time evolutions. An essentially unique quantum dissipation is constructed from a classical interacting spin system, preserving the notion of detailed balance. Translation invariant and reversible infinite volume quantum dynamics are found in this way and the Hamiltonian is recovered from the action of the generator in the GNS-representation of the corresponding groundstate for which a Feynmann-Kac formula holds. Local reversibility of quantum dissipations is shown to give rise to an almost classical characterization of the corresponding quantum states.