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Sample records for humanitarian cultural sports

  1. THE ESSENCE OF PERSONAL HUMANITARIAN CULTURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yelena Dmitrievna Zhukova

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the research is to explore the development dynamics of the ≪humanitarian culture≫ concept, single out the ways of its renewal, and specify the origins of personal humanitarian culture.The methods include the theoretical analysis of existing viewpoints on the given issue, formalization of related characteristics, and observation of motivating attitudes to reality. The research is based on the ideas of A. Moles related to cultural socio-dynamics.The research findings prove the discrepancy between the humanitarian and technocratic, cultural and civilizational attitudes to reality, and consider the humanitarian culture as a personified socio-cultural characteristic rather than cultural context.Scientific novelty includes identification of development dynamics of the ≪humanitarian culture≫ concept, the ways for updating its content, and the effect on education development.Practical significance of the present study lies in developing the theoretical tools for further empirical research in the process of personal humanitarian culture formation, and ways for activating the theoretical components of teacher training both in the postgraduate education system and self-studying.

  2. Sports Culture and Sports in Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yılmaz KAPLAN

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Sports culture indicates all kinds of morals, products, and behavior. This study aims to argue sports as a cultural element and its appearence in Turkey. This is a descriptive study based on theoretical argument. It is periodic since it is limited to a given term and it is also relied upon literature review. People's adaptations to living conditions are related to culture. We can specify this, “all the patt erns of living and behavior which are special to small units within a large and structurally developed society.” ( Erdemli , 2002In Turkey; it’s more accurate to say that, it’s understood football when you think about sports and sport culture is football culture. This condition can not only induce cultural diversity and wealth but it also leads to a transformation into a society who likes watching sports, talking about sports (saying more precisely football rather than doing sports. Sport magazine has sur passed the sport itself. Representation of sport in media does not make a favorable contribution. Sport media invites violence with its manner of representation of news by acting with the concerns of rating and curcilation although they, at every turn, dec lare that they are against violence. Discourses which include violence, nationalism, sexism, and slang has increased in media as an extensive research also suggested ( Talimciler , 2003.Culture, is a phenomenon which is considerably about quality and accumu lation. Processes are as important as results; sometimes even more. In this sense sport is much more than the score. In a country, a sport branch can be attracting more attention than the other ones; however, Limiting sports to football, also limiting fo otball to several football clubs, and ignoring many of sports branches, those who are interested in them, and who are amateurs is an unfair and reductive approach. On the other hand; sports opportunities could not be created for millions of young and adul t people in our country

  3. Sports dance artistic expression culture analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen Zegang

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available At present, the sports dance has entered every stage of the people’s life, has become the public’s favorite sport. Sports dance has been well developed. This article mainly uses the literature material law to carry on the detailed analysis to the sports dance constitution, elaborated in detail the sports dance artistic expression. The composition of sports dance elements; sports dance is a form of dance art show; sports dance through the dance art can be divided into three aspects, namely, form, music, shape of the expressive force. In this paper, the study will be more in-depth excavation of the cultural connotation of sports dance, and promote the development of sports dance can be more comprehensive. In 20s of last century, Chinese Sports Dance Association officially joined the International Sports Dance Association, which also makes our country’s sports dance and international exchange more frequent. However, due to China’s sports dance sports dance learning time is not long, while learning is influenced by Chinese traditional culture, the sports dance movements are too conservative, there is a very large gap and international enthusiasm, bold and unrestrained, the pursuit of individual sports dance in the dance style, music and performance hand. Sports dance originated from abroad, it is produced in the daily life of people in foreign countries. China’s domestic sports dance players in learning dance at the same time, the production and the connotation of dance is not very understanding, therefore, it is difficult to better reflect the emotional expression of sports dance. Although the sports dance is a kind of similar to the competitive projects, but it is also a kind of dance culture, and to constitute a force from the dance art show a detailed study, detailed mining playing officer of sports dance performance further, reducing China’s sports dance and international sports dance gap.

  4. Sporting history, moving democracy, challenging body culture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eichberg, Henning

    2011-01-01

    The history of sport in Denmark mirrors conditions and patterns of body culture, sport and gymnastics specific to the country, among which the social organization of sport is characteristic. In modern history Danish gymnastics and sports have developed in connection with popular movements, social...

  5. Sporting history, moving democracy, challenging body culture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eichberg, Henning

    2011-01-01

    The history of sport in Denmark mirrors conditions and patterns of body culture, sport and gymnastics specific to the country, among which the social organization of sport is characteristic. In modern history Danish gymnastics and sports have developed in connection with popular movements, social...

  6. International legal cooperation of the Republic of Uzbekistan in the cultural and humanitarian spheres – important part of international relations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuriddin Mamajonov

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the International legal cooperation of the Republic of Uzbekistan in the cultural and humanitarian spheres. Analysis of the influence of the cultural and humanitarian spheres in the international relations of the states, including Uzbekistan, was carried out in the article. Additionally, more and more growing role of the so-called “culture factor” in the international politics is discussed in it. The analysis is based on the legal base of the Republic of Uzbekistan, international legal documents, research works of domestic and foreign scholars in such areas as culture, education, science, tourism and medical science.

  7. Moral entrepreneurship and doping cultures in sport

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stokvis, R.

    2003-01-01

    In this article, the fight against doping has been analyzed as an ongoing process of social definition. It is dependent on the development of power relations within and outside the world of sport. To analyze these dependencies, I identified a variety of important doping cultures in sport and studied

  8. Moral entrepreneurship and doping cultures in sport

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stokvis, R.

    2003-01-01

    In this article, the fight against doping has been analyzed as an ongoing process of social definition. It is dependent on the development of power relations within and outside the world of sport. To analyze these dependencies, I identified a variety of important doping cultures in sport and studied

  9. Direct broadcast of a sporting event as televisual cultural form

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jože Vogrinc

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Direct TV broadcasting of sport events is undoubtedly the focal point of interest of sport fans in sports media as well as of sponsors and investors responsible for the global mediatisation of popular sports. In this article, the centrality of direct TV broadcasts in the televisual coverage of sports, as well as in the presence of sports in new media in general is explained in the context of the impact of the mediatisation of sports upon cultural forms of TV coverage of sports. The complexity of these forms and its main features (the role of the commentator, the rules of editing, dramatisation and narrativisation in direct broadcasts are analysed.

  10. High-Performance Sport, Learning and Culture: New Horizons for Sport Pedagogues?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Penney, Dawn; McMahon, Jenny

    2016-01-01

    Background: Research in sport coaching and sport pedagogy including studies published in this special issue bring to the fore the relationship between learning and culture in contexts of high-performance sport. This paper acknowledged that how learning, culture and their relationship are conceptualised is a crucial issue for researchers and…

  11. Japanese Government Policies in Education, Science, Sports and Culture, 1998. Mental and Physical Health and Sports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ministry of Education, Science, and Culture, Tokyo (Japan).

    This annual publication introduces Japan's educational policies in education, science, sports, and culture. Part 1, "Trends in Education Reform," discusses fundamental concepts in educational reform. Part 2, "Mental and Physical Health and Sports," includes two chapters. Chapter 1, "Health and Sports into the Future,"…

  12. Physical culture and sport as factors of socializations to personality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mamaeva E.V.

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available The analysis of publications is resulted on the topic of research. Essence of physical culture and sport is exposed and its place is certain in the system of public relations. The socializing function of sport is considered. Pedagogical facilities of forming personality of sportsman are exposed. A few determinations of concept of socialization are given. The basic institutes of socialization are presented. Influence of physical culture and sport is investigational on the process of socialization of personality. It is well-proven that efficiency of socialization in sport depends on the level of coincidence of values of sport and values of society and personality.

  13. Sports dance artistic expression culture analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Chen Zegang

    2017-01-01

    At present, the sports dance has entered every stage of the people’s life, has become the public’s favorite sport. Sports dance has been well developed. This article mainly uses the literature material law to carry on the detailed analysis to the sports dance constitution, elaborated in detail the sports dance artistic expression. The composition of sports dance elements; sports dance is a form of dance art show; sports dance through the dance art can be divided into three aspects, namely, fo...

  14. 'Tinder Humanitarians'

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Richey, Lisa Ann

    2016-01-01

    to enhance the appeal of western image producers. This article will investigate the phenomenon of the Humanitarians of Tinder in order to understand its representations of North–South relations from the photographs themselves and from the debates held around them in new media and old. Critical development...... studies, media studies and sociology will provide an interdisciplinary theoretical framework to understand the moral panic that these Tinder humanitarians have created through posting private photographs of humanitarian performances to increase their personal desirability....

  15. Mediatized Humanitarianism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestergaard, Anne

    2014-01-01

    The article investigates the implications of mediatization for the legitimation strategies of humanitarian organizations. Based on a (full population) corpus of ~400 pages of brochure material from 1970 to 2007, the micro-textual processes involved in humanitarian organizations' efforts to legiti......The article investigates the implications of mediatization for the legitimation strategies of humanitarian organizations. Based on a (full population) corpus of ~400 pages of brochure material from 1970 to 2007, the micro-textual processes involved in humanitarian organizations' efforts...... legitimation by accountancy, legitimation by institutionalization, and legitimation by compensation. The analysis relates these changes to a problem of trust associated with mediatization through processes of mediation....

  16. Identifying sports cultural opportunity – Case Study of Mazandaran Province

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    Ahmad Ahmadzadeh

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Sport is an important tool to draw the national attention. Sport is a big assembly to make identity. Also, sport is a cause for identity and unity. The purpose of this study is to identify the cultural opportunity of sport in the province of Mazandaran in Iran. The research method was mixed. Sequential exploratory mixed method of the first method is qualitative and quantitative methods. The study included all the Mazandaran managers, coaches, experts, judges and athletes at the national level. The results show that directors, judges and experts believe that people's happiness and euphoria in winning the sports events is the most sport important cultural opportunity in Mazandaran (All kinds of sport were included. A lot of money is spent on TV programs and movies to fill the people's free time.

  17. Interactions between International Humanitarian Law and International Human Rights Law for the protection of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Koldo Casla

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ESCR are at risk on the battlefield. Thus, human rights lawyers must look for legal means to guarantee the best possible protection of these rights in case of war. It is generally accepted nowadays that both International Humanitarian Law (IHL and International Human Rights Law (IHRL are applicable during armed conflicts. Adding on that and based on a procedural and substantive legal analysis, this paper claims that both IHL and IHRL constantly interact in a relation of synergy or norms.

  18. Humanitarian principles and organisational culture : the case of medecins sans-frontieres, Holland

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hilhorst, D.; Schmiemann, N.

    2002-01-01

    Organisational principles or value standards are considered crucial for maintaining quality in humanitarian assistance. Research among staff members of Médecins Sans Frontières-Holland (MSF-H) showed that fieldworkers construct their own interpretations of principles and priorities in response to de

  19. Cultural sport psychology: a critical review of empirical advances.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryba, Tatiana V

    2017-08-01

    Despite a long standing assertion that sociocultural domain is one of the factors constituting human psychological phenomena, sport psychological science has only recently begun to examine culture as the principal basis of physical activity and sport participants' behaviour, wellbeing, engagement, and performance outcomes. Emphasizing the centrality of culture in bringing meaning to athlete careers and life projects, I summarise empirical literature explicitly positioned within cultural sport psychology (CSP). Specifically, I focus on two areas of psychological inquiry - acculturation and athletic career - in which the CSP theoretical tenets and agenda stimulated emergence of novel research trajectories. I conclude by suggesting directions for future work in CSP. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. From Mental Game to Cultural Praxis: A Cultural Studies Model's Implications for the Future of Sport Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryba, Tatiana V.; Wright, Handel Kashope

    2005-01-01

    This paper explores the implications of a cultural studies as praxis heuristic "model: for transforming sport psychology". It provides a brief introduction to both cultural studies and sport psychology and discusses a cultural studies intersection with sport studies and sport psychology. Cultural studies, it asserts, provides one of several…

  1. 'Tinder Humanitarians'

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Richey, Lisa Ann

    2016-01-01

    to enhance the appeal of western image producers. This article will investigate the phenomenon of the Humanitarians of Tinder in order to understand its representations of North–South relations from the photographs themselves and from the debates held around them in new media and old. Critical development...... showing themselves in some “do-gooding” relationship that appears to take place in the South. Through the posting of a new photograph every day, the “Humanitarians of Tinder” Tumblr blog and Facebook page have generated a public discussion on the politics of representing suffering strangers in attempts...... studies, media studies and sociology will provide an interdisciplinary theoretical framework to understand the moral panic that these Tinder humanitarians have created through posting private photographs of humanitarian performances to increase their personal desirability....

  2. Beyond diffusion: sport and its remaking in cross-cultural contexts

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Bottenburg, M.

    2010-01-01

    Project MUSE - Journal of Sport History - Beyond Diffusion: Sport and Its Remaking in Cross-Cultural Contexts Project MUSE Journals Journal of Sport History Volume 37, Number 1, Spring 2010 Beyond Diffusion: Sport and Its Remaking in Cross-Cultural Contexts Journal of Sport History Volume 37, Number

  3. Sex Dilemmas, Amazons and Cyborgs: Feminist Cultural Studies and Sport

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helena Tolvhed

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In this article, I discuss sport and physical activities as a field of empirical investi-gation for feminist cultural studies with a potential to contribute to theorizing the body, gender and difference. Sport has, historically, served to legitimize and rein-force the gender dichotomy by making men “masculine” through developing phys-ical strength and endurance, while women generally have been excluded or di-rected towards activities fostering a “feminine suppleness”. The recent case of runner Caster Semenya, who was subjected to extensive gender tests, demon-strates how athletic superiority and “masculine” attributes in women still today stir public emotions and evoke cultural anxieties of gender blurring. But the rigid gen-der boundaries have also made sport a field of transgressions. From the “Soviet amazon” of the Cold War, transgressions in sport have publicly demonstrated, but also pushed, the boundaries of cultural understandings of gender. Gender verifica-tion tests have exposed a continuum of bodies that cannot easily be arranged into two stable, separate gender categories.In spite of the so called “corporeal turn”, sport is still rather neglected within cultural studies and feminist research. This appears to be linked to a degradation, and fear, of the body and of the risk that women – once again – be reduced to biology and physical capacity. But studies of sport might further develop under-standings of the processes through which embodied knowledge and subjectivity is produced, in a way that overcomes the split between corporeality and discursive regimes or representations. Furthermore, with the fitness upsurge since the 1980s, the athletic female body has emerged as a cultural ideal and a rare validation of “female masculinity” (Halberstam in popular culture. This is an area well-suited for “third wave” feminist cultural studies that are at ease with complexities and contradictions: the practices and

  4. Experimentation in humanitarian locations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Katja Lindskov

    2015-01-01

    Amid good intentions, such as providing humanitarian assistance to refugees, the use of biometric technology in humanitarian refugee management may entail various risks for the implicated refugee populations. Drawing on insights from science and technology studies, this article introduces...

  5. Investigating Organizational Culture Perception of Students Studying in School of Physical Education and Sports in Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mutlu, T. Osman

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study is to determine organisational culture of the students studying in School of Physical Education and Sports (SPES) in Turkey. The study group of the research is composed of 216 students studying in the third and fourth year of Physical Education and Sports Teaching, Sports Administration, Coaching Education and Recreation…

  6. Investigating Organizational Culture Perception of Students Studying in School of Physical Education and Sports in Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mutlu, T. Osman

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study is to determine organisational culture of the students studying in School of Physical Education and Sports (SPES) in Turkey. The study group of the research is composed of 216 students studying in the third and fourth year of Physical Education and Sports Teaching, Sports Administration, Coaching Education and Recreation…

  7. City policies, immigration and culture: Sports in Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sánchez Martín, Ricardo

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The Strategic Plan of the city of Barcelona considers the need to both facilitate and promote the practice of sporting activities, since it is proved to enhance people’s quality of life and health as well as promote civic participation and social integration. This analysis shows the socio-cultural barriers for the practice of sporting activities and foreign groups’ sporting habits as well as the local policy criteria for the promotion of sports among citizens for the specific case of the city of Barcelona. It is a Social Participative Research including a documentary analysis, quantitative studies, qualitative skills as well as cooperative research techniques, participative sessions and meetings.

    En el Plan Estratégico del deporte de la ciudad de Barcelona se considera la necesidad de facilitar y promover la práctica de la actividad físico-deportiva de toda la población, dadas sus posibilidades como elemento generador de calidad de vida y salud, de participación ciudadana y de integración social. Como resultado de la investigación que se presenta se han determinado las barreras socio-culturales para la práctica de actividades físico-deportivas, se muestran los hábitos de práctica deportiva de los colectivos extranjeros y se establecen los criterios para la política municipal de promoción deportiva de la ciudadanía para el caso concreto de Barcelona. Se trata de una Investigación Social Participativa que incluye análisis documental, estudios cuantitativos, técnicas cualitativas, así como técnicas de investigación colaborativa, sesiones participativas y asambleas.

  8. Learning Movement Culture: Mapping the Landscape between Physical Education and School Sport

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ward, Gavin

    2014-01-01

    This article examines Movement Culture as an approach to support teachers in exploring the integration of Sport as a medium for learning within Physical Education. By avoiding the need to draw clearly defined lines between Physical Education and Sport, Movement Culture embraces both. It acknowledges the need for subject matter in Physical…

  9. Rise of humanitarian logistics

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Maspero, EL

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available ethical debates raged for both sides. This further complicated a complex supply chain as aid already in the pipeline was halted and returned. After extensive negotiations between the humanitarian sector and the national governments in each country... and financial cost (Tomasini & Van Wassenhove, 2005). 3. COMPARING THE HUMANITARIAN SUPPLY CHAIN TO A COMMERCIAL ONE Anyisa Thomas, Executive Director of the Fritz Institute is quoted by Rodman (2004) as saying: “humanitarian logistics has much in common...

  10. The social impact of sport: cross-cultural perspectives

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Spaaij, R.

    2011-01-01

    1. Introduction: The Social Impact of Sport: Diversities, Complexities and Contexts Ramon Spaaij Part 1: Sport development and social change: intended and unanticipated consequences 2. The Transnational View of Sport and Social Development: The Case of Dominican Baseball Alan Klein 3. The Glue that

  11. The social impact of sport: cross-cultural perspectives

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Spaaij, R.

    2011-01-01

    1. Introduction: The Social Impact of Sport: Diversities, Complexities and Contexts Ramon Spaaij Part 1: Sport development and social change: intended and unanticipated consequences 2. The Transnational View of Sport and Social Development: The Case of Dominican Baseball Alan Klein 3. The Glue that

  12. Cross-Cultural Understanding Through Youth Sports: Bridging the Tolerance Gap Through Youth Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Craig M. Ross

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The USPORT-Kyrgyzstan project was an ambitious initiative of public diplomacy, sports diplomacy, cross-cultural exchange, in-country grassroots projects, and international cooperation. The project consisted of three phrases which included youth recreational sport programming, youth leadership and development training, and youth tolerance training. Overall, it proved to be an extremely effective form of intervention that provided youth in this region of the Middle East with many positive and constructive youth sports and leadership development opportunities.

  13. The Root of the Differences between Chinese Sports Culture and Western Sports Culture%论中西体育文化差异之根源

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨中民

    2014-01-01

    Chinese and western sports cultures are two important branches of the world culture. With the development of history, Chinese and western sports cultures show obvious differences. This paper, using the methods of literature review and logical analysis, studies the root of the differences between Chinese and western sports cultures.%中西方体育文化是世界文化中的两个重要分支,在历史的发展中,中西方体育文化体现出明显的差异性。文章通过文献资料法、逻辑分析法对中西方体育文化存在的差异之根源进行研究。

  14. Digital Media Literacy in a Sports, Popular Culture and Literature Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fortuna, Carolyn

    2015-01-01

    This article considers how media sports culture is an apt space for digital media literacy instruction. Describing a senior year high school English course that requires students to deconstruct and compose with sports media texts, the author outlines how learning modules, analysis of curated collections of texts through heuristics, and mentor…

  15. Digital Media Literacy in a Sports, Popular Culture and Literature Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fortuna, Carolyn

    2015-01-01

    This article considers how media sports culture is an apt space for digital media literacy instruction. Describing a senior year high school English course that requires students to deconstruct and compose with sports media texts, the author outlines how learning modules, analysis of curated collections of texts through heuristics, and mentor…

  16. A Study of Democratic School Culture Perceptions of Sport High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isikgöz, Enes

    2016-01-01

    In this study; the perceptions of the students studying at sport high schools about democratic school culture were analysed in accordance with different variables. Participants of the research consisted of 216 students studying at Sport High Schools in Sakarya and Batman Provinces of Turkey. The data were collected with the Democratic School…

  17. Carving out humanitarian space

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-François Durieux

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Agencies working inside Myanmar to assist forcibly displacedpeople work within an extremely constricted operationalenvironment. Despite occasional glimmers of hope, carvingout sufficient humanitarian space to meet urgent needsremains an uphill struggle.

  18. Architecture for Humanitarian Emergencies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lobos, Jorge; Gomez-Guillamon, Maria; Thake, Vicki

    2011-01-01

    Bogen dokumenterer viden og projekter som resultat af udviklingsarbejdet og workshoppen om Humanitarian Disaster tilrettelagt på Kunstakademiets Arkitektskole, Institut for Planlægning. Baggrundsviden om katastrofernes geografi, typer og arkitektoniske udfordringer belyst med cases fra Mozambique...

  19. Humanitarian situation in Iraq

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rianne ten Veen

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Increasing violence is severely constraining the humanitarian space and making it next to impossible to deliver emergency relief to many vulnerable groups in the worst-affected areas of central Iraq.

  20. Geoengineering: A humanitarian concern

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Suarez, Pablo; van Aalst, Maarten K

    2017-01-01

    .... Geoengineering is a humanitarian concern: the potential for deliberate large‐scale intervention in the Earth's climate system has major implications in terms of impacts on the most vulnerable...

  1. Creating symbolic cultures of consumption: an analysis of the content of sports wagering advertisements in Australia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deans, Emily G; Thomas, Samantha L; Daube, Mike; Derevensky, Jeffrey; Gordon, Ross

    2016-03-01

    Since 2008, Australia has seen the rapid emergence of marketing for online and mobile sports wagering. Previous research from other areas of public health, such as tobacco and alcohol, has identified the range of appeal strategies these industries used to align their products with culturally valued symbols. However, there is very limited research that has investigated the tactics the sports wagering industry uses within marketing to influence the consumption of its products and services. This study consisted of a mixed method interpretive content analysis of 85 sports wagering advertisements from 11 Australian and multinational wagering companies. Advertisements were identified via internet searches and industry websites. A coding framework was applied to investigate the extent and nature of symbolic appeal strategies within advertisements. Ten major appeal strategies emerged from this analysis. These included sports fan rituals and behaviours; mateship; gender stereotypes; winning; social status; adventure, thrill and risk; happiness; sexualised imagery; power and control; and patriotism. Symbols relating to sports fan rituals and behaviours, and mateship, were the most common strategies used within the advertisements. This research suggests that the appeal strategies used by the sports wagering industry are similar to those strategies adopted by other unhealthy commodity industries. With respect to gambling, analysis revealed that strategies are clearly targeted to young male sports fans. Researchers and public health practitioners should seek to better understand the impact of marketing on the normalisation of sports wagering for this audience segment, and implement strategies to prevent gambling harm.

  2. Strategies for Using Pop Culture in Sport Psychology and Coaching Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collins, Karen

    2012-01-01

    The use of pop culture as a tool for learning and instruction is paramount. Therefore, it is imperative for teachers to be aware of, and incorporate, trends that are popular and reflect the student experience. This article addresses the pop culture trends that can positively affect teaching, coaching education, and sport psychology practice.…

  3. Young Norwegian-Pakistani Women and Sport: How Does Culture and Religiosity Matter?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walseth, Kristin; Strandbu, Åse

    2014-01-01

    Studies from several countries show that girls with an immigrant background participate in organized sports to a lesser extent than other young people. Barriers related to culture and religion serve in many of these studies as explanations. In this article we suggest that the notions of culture and religion in this field of studies could be…

  4. Strategies for Using Pop Culture in Sport Psychology and Coaching Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collins, Karen

    2012-01-01

    The use of pop culture as a tool for learning and instruction is paramount. Therefore, it is imperative for teachers to be aware of, and incorporate, trends that are popular and reflect the student experience. This article addresses the pop culture trends that can positively affect teaching, coaching education, and sport psychology practice.…

  5. The Development of Cross-Cultural Relations with a Canadian Aboriginal Community through Sport Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schinke, Robert J.; Hanrahan, Stephanie J.; Eys, Mark A.; Blodgett, Amy; Peltier, Duke; Ritchie, Stephen Douglas; Pheasant, Chris; Enosse, Lawrence

    2008-01-01

    When sport psychology researchers from the mainstream work with people from marginalized cultures, they can be challenged by cultural differences as well as mistrust. For this article, researchers born in mainstream North America partnered with Canadian Aboriginal community members. The coauthors have worked together for 5 years. What follows is…

  6. A linguistically level playing field: English-medium sport officiating between linguistic imperialism and cultural appropriation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacob Kornbeck

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This article revisits four problem areas of the use of English as a lingua franca by sports officials (including coaches, referees, etc. at international sporting events which were recently identified in an editorial by McNamee in the journal Sport, Ethics and Philosophy. These propositions are revisited by drawing on, inter alia, the theoretical models of ‘linguistic imperialism’ and ‘cultural appropriation’. The argument is made, in particular, that the ability of so-called ‘non-native’ users of English must not be underrated.

  7. The potential of physical culture and sport in prevention of young peoples anti-social behaviour

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kora N.A.

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Potential of physical culture and sport is exposed in the prophylaxis of drug addiction. Description of basic forms and facilities of organization is given to athletic-sporting to activity. Possibilities of mobilization of efforts are rotined for successful achievement of certain result. They allow personality to mobilize internal energy, show activity at favourable terms, crises, conflicts, external obstacles. Going is considered near normalization emotionally-volitional spheres by means of competition activity.

  8. The potential of physical culture and sport in prevention of young peoples anti-social behaviour

    OpenAIRE

    Kora N.A.

    2009-01-01

    Potential of physical culture and sport is exposed in the prophylaxis of drug addiction. Description of basic forms and facilities of organization is given to athletic-sporting to activity. Possibilities of mobilization of efforts are rotined for successful achievement of certain result. They allow personality to mobilize internal energy, show activity at favourable terms, crises, conflicts, external obstacles. Going is considered near normalization emotionally-volitional spheres by means of ...

  9. CONCEPTUAL PRECONDITIONS OF SANOGENETICAL MONITORING OF PERSONS ENGAGED IN PHYSICAL CULTURE AND SPORTS

    OpenAIRE

    Romanchuk, A. P.

    2015-01-01

    The modern representations about human biology, theoretical medicine and psychology are reduced to that the individualized approach based on the account of typological features is necessary for optimization of the condition of a person. The purpose of occupations by sports is the development of physical qualities of the person, perfection of technical-tactical skills for achievement of the maximal sports result. At the same time the purpose of occupations by physical culture is the mainten...

  10. How to Prepare Modern Specialist in the Sphere of Physical Culture and Sports? Implementation of the Sports Marketing Discipline in Educational Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doshybekov, Aidyn Bagdatovich; Abildabekov, Sabit Akimbaevich; Kasymbaev, Medet Imanbekovich; Berekbusynova, Gulzhan Maulsharifkyzy; Niyazakynov, Erdos Bagdatovich

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study is to examine the state of marketing in the sphere of physical culture and sport and develop methodological foundations of sports and health services marketing on its basis. In the study we adhere to the following philosophical and pedagogical strategies--methodological principles: axiological, humanistic and synergistic…

  11. Humanitarian Issues: the EU Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Navarro

    2000-05-01

    Full Text Available The European Community Humanitarian Office (ECHO and the 15 membercountries of the EU provide more than 50% of the humanitarian aid worldwide: ECHO assigns more than 90% of its budget (only 0.9% of the Community’s total to victims of man-made conflicts. For the author, the experience of ECHO shows the "limits of what is humanitarian": that is, the lack of security for humanitarian workers, the still-to-beoperational Permanent Tribunal for Crimes Against Humanity, the difficult access to refugees, and the fact that humanitarian efforts are not a substitute for policy and, therefore, that humanitarian efforts can not resolve a crisis that has a political origin and solution. The challenges to be faced in the coming years include denouncing the violations of humanitarian values, transferring these values into a future CFSP, organizing humanitarian aid efficiently, combating “donor fatigue” and supporting conflict prevention.

  12. Integrated marketing sphere of physical culture and sports in terms of European integration Regional Center Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oleksandr Popov

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: exposure of conceptual and strategic positions of the complex marketing of sphere of physical culture and sport in the conditions of European integration of regional center. Material and Methods: analysis of literary sources, analysis of documents of legislative, normatively-legal and programmatic maintenance, analysis of the systems, questioning as a questionnaire. Results: the analysis of the systems of terms of development of sphere of physical culture and sport is carried out by the study of modern tendencies, interests of young people and habitants of regional center; complex description of conceptual and strategic positions of the relatively complex marketing of sphere of physical culture and sport is presented in the conditions of European integration of regional center. Conclusions: it is set that the decision of tasks in relation to conditioning for development of sphere of physical culture and sport must come true with the observance of certain principles; got founding in relation to development of marketing plan of forming of sporting image Kharkiv.

  13. Sport tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva Schwartzhoffová

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Sport tourism is one specific type of travel and tourism. The goal of this article is to introduce the definition and importance of sport tourism to academic and sports professionals. At present, sport tourism is a diverse social, economic and cultural phenomenon arising from the unique interaction of activity, people and place. The second part of this article reports about sports events as an important part of sport tourism.

  14. [Urban culture and physical and sports activities. The "sportification" of parkour and street golf as cultural mediation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lebreton, Florian; Routier, Guillaume; Héas, Stephane; Bodin, Dominique

    2010-08-01

    The article explores the process of "sportification"--i.e., processing physical activity in a sport regulated by a set of rules and standards, legitimized by supervisory institutions--from two originals practices, parkour and urban golf. To study these practices, we crossed the contributions of urban sociology and of the contemporary sociology of sport while respecting the methodological principles of qualitative sociology. A first point concerns the process of"sport" itself, its definition, its various stages, and the role played by communication of stakeholders on public space. The cultural mediation shows us how to institutionalize the movement that represents the "sports" resulted in the same time reconfiguration of physical practices themselves. Recent events illustrate the ongoing reconfiguration, we will detail them. Finally, we show the effects produced by the process on the definition of urban culture and sports: setting sight of activities, enhanced cooperation with the media-cultural, polarization between different types of practical in the case of parkour, around a confrontation between two of the founders.

  15. The Relationship of Organizational Culture and Entrepreneurship with Effectiveness in Sport Organizations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masoumeh Kalateh seifari

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available One of the most important factors affecting organizational effectiveness is organizational culture and entrepreneurship. The aim of the present study was to determine the relationship of organizational culture and corporate entrepreneurship with effectiveness in offices of sport and youth in Golestan Province. Research method was correlation and the statistical population included all directors and experts of general directorates of sport and youth in Golestan province (N=280. 164 persons were randomly selected as the sample. The required data were collected by using Denison Organizational Culture Survey (DCOS, author-made Corporate Entrepreneurship Questionnaire, and Effectiveness Inventory (Heydari Nejad and Saberi, 2010. The results showed that there is a positive and significant relationship between organizational culture and effectiveness (r=0.457 and also between corporate entrepreneurship and effectiveness (r=0.795. The results also indicated that organizational culture and corporate entrepreneurship are good predictors of organizational effectiveness. Generally, in sport organizations, because of the nature of sport and physical activities, effectiveness would be ideal when teamwork culture, support for initiative and creativity, and flexible structure encourage employees to innovate.

  16. sports

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    正Nowadays,high school students hold different opinions about after-class activities.There are two quite different phenomenonena.Some students are crazy about sports and some other activities.They spend much time in joining the outdoor activities and varies of groups,and also,making new friends.However,they pay a little attention to their studies.

  17. A Cross-Cultural Comparison of the Transition out of Elite Sport

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Küttel, Andreas

    This PhD thesis investigates the transition out of elite sport from a holistic and ecological perspective. The framework that guided this project was developed based on sport developmental and transition models and focus on the influence of the macro-level (e.g., culture, welfare system......) and the meso-level (e.g., sports system, dual career possibilities) on athletes’ transition and the consequences of athletic retirement. In this project, the transition of former elite athletes from Switzerland, Denmark, and Poland was compared in terms of preconditions, adaptation quality, and life situation...... after finishing the elite sport career. Furthermore, interviews with experts in athletic dual career were conducted in all three countries to describe the national dual career environments and to better understand the embedded underlying assumptions how to support athletes in their efforts to combine...

  18. 31 CFR 575.330 - Humanitarian activities, humanitarian purposes, and humanitarian support.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... rights-related activities, and activities to ameliorate the effects of or to investigate war crimes. Such... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Humanitarian activities, humanitarian purposes, and humanitarian support. 575.330 Section 575.330 Money and Finance: Treasury...

  19. Discussion on sports team culture%略论体育运动团队文化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘一民; 王健

    2001-01-01

    运动团队文化是运动团队在建立和发展过程中创造和形成,并为团队成员自觉遵守和奉行的共同信念、价值观、伦理道德、精神支柱、典礼仪式以及智力因素和文娱生活的总和;运动团队文化具有育人、团队规范形成、运动恢复和精神调节、满足心理性和社会性需要等功能;运动团队文化建设对于实现“育人夺标”的目标,具有重要的现实和长远意义;在运动团队文化建设中应遵循思想性、针对性和综合效应的原则。%Sports team culture originated from the establishments and development of sports team.The sport team culture with which all members voluntarily comply is the tolal of common faith,valuation view,morality ,spirit pillar,ceremony,intelligent factor,and entertainmentlife.The function of sports team culture are follows:instructing people,construction of team standard,recovery,spiritual adjustment,meeting psychological and social demand.Sports team culture has realistic and long- termed significance for the aim of "instructing and champion".Construction of sports team culture should conform to thoughtful,directed and synthesis effect principle.

  20. 体育强国目标下的体育文化特征研究%Sports Cultural Characteristics Research Under the Target of Sports Power

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡益贵; 许彩明

    2012-01-01

    Sports culture is an important part of soft power in sports power,and is also lubricants and driving force to develop power sports, which constrain and influence the development of sports fundamentally. By examining the literature, comparison analysis is used to analyze sports cultural characteristics under the target of sports power, it's great significant to complete the development strategy system of sports power and promote the construction of sports power.%体育文化作为体育强国软实力的重要内容,是发展强目体育的润滑剂和推动力,从根本上制约和影响着体育的发展。通过查看文献资料,运用对比分析等方法分析体育强圈目标下体育文化的特征,对完善体育强国发展战略体系及推动体育强囤的建设都具有重要意义。

  1. Global Cancer Humanitarian Award

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pat Garcia-Gonzalez of the Max Foundation accepted the first annual NCI Global Cancer Medicine Humanitarian Award for her work in chronic myeloid leukemia at the NCI, Center for Global Health Symposium for Global Cancer Research, held in Boston on March 25, 2015.

  2. Humanitarian fleet management : impacts on humanitarian logistics by outsourcing

    OpenAIRE

    Hajdarovic, Mina; Jensen, Jannicke

    2013-01-01

    The main purpose of this thesis is to contribute with insights to outsourcing in the humanitarian sector, by focusing on fleet management activities. The theoretical framework showed little research combining outsourcing and fleet literature with humanitarian science. Therefore we aimed to answer the following research question: How can outsourcing of fleet management activities influence humanitarian logistics? To provide an answer to this question we looked at both the demand-side and the s...

  3. THE ARENAS BUSINESS: SPORTS PROFESSIONALISM, CULTURE AND ENTERTAINMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Rubens Camargo Gonçalves da Motta

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available No matter how elaborate is any study, the point is that if it is not applicable, of little served the entire effort. In this way, the Business Plan of Multipurpose Arenas proposes to demonstrate marketing and financial viability of its concept. In the aspect of business return on investment, it was proved by three indicators that it represents a project with positive return and better than conservative investments. Moreover, the analysis were founded and applied by the theory that had its importance in the definition and validation of the proposed model of multipurpose arenas. As Blake (1985, Image, Leisure Management, pp. 14-15 "sports centers, theaters, art galleries, libraries, museums, are mere installations containing tangible and intangible products that have no value, except what the customers attribute". This is, in fact, the best way to represent what was intended to highlight through this study.

  4. 闽南民俗体育文化研究%Minnan Folk Sports Culture Research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺春林; 吴连荣

    2012-01-01

    为了探讨闽南民俗体育文化的发展和社会功能,采用文献资料、实践观察、逻辑分析等方法,研究闽南民俗体育文化。结果表明:中原民俗体育文化随移民入闽,形成汉族农耕文化为主,少数民族沿海文化为辅的闽南民俗体育文化,并向娱神祭祀、节日庆典、社会风情等民俗体育文化发展,具有促进闽南民众人生观念的正向形成和两岸联谊共荣的社会功能。%This paper is to explore the development of Minnan folk sports culture and its social function. Minnan folk sports culture is studied through the means of literature, practical observation, and logic analysis. The results show that the folk sports culture in Central China was immigrated into Fujian and formed into Mirman folk sports culture with the priority of the Han nationality fanning culture and the supplement of minority coastal culture. Then it was developed to sacrifice and holiday celebrations as well as social customs. It can promote the right outlook of life among Minnan people and the co prosperity of cross strait fellowship.

  5. Humanitarian logistics and sustainability

    CERN Document Server

    Leeuw, Sander; Regattieri, Alberto; Souza, Robert

    2015-01-01

    This contributed volume combines conceptual and strategic research articles dealing with the "why" and "to what end" of sustainable operations in humanitarian logistics, as well as operational research contributions regarding the "how" from the United Nations as well as from researchers and organizations from different countries (Germany, Australia, Singapore, Italy, Denmark, Jordan). The target audience primarily comprises research experts, decision makers  and practitioners in the field, but the book may also be beneficial for graduate students.

  6. International Humanitarian Award.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-11-01

    The International Humanitarian Award recognizes extraordinary humanitarian services and activism by psychologists, including professional and volunteer work conducted primarily in the field with underserved populations. Award recipients are psychologists who, by their extraordinary service at a difficult time, improve the lives and contribute to the well-being of people in a large or small geographic area anywhere in the world. The 2016 recipient of the APA International Humanitarian Award was selected by the 2015 Committee on International Relations in Psychology (CIRP). The members of the 2015 CIRP were Rehman Abdulrehman, PhD (Chair); Gonzalo Bacigalupe, EdD; Silvia S. Canetto, PhD; Amanda Clinton, PhD; Melissa L. Morgan Consoli, PhD; Chryse G. Hatzichristou, PhD; Arpana G. Inman, PhD; Lori Foster Thompson, PhD; and Danny Wedding, PhD. Dr. Abdulrehman, Dr. Morgan Consoli, Dr. Thompson, and Dr. Wedding were members of the subcommittee for the 2016 award. (PsycINFO Database Record

  7. [Humanitarian action threatened by standardization].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mamou, J

    2002-01-01

    The author analyses the new international context in which humanitarian action is being undertaken. He raises the problem caused by the diverging objectives of impartial, neutral humanitarianism and politically motivated actions that implement strategies of prevention and conflict resolution. He reviews the criticism that humanitarian has come under in recent years and that has resulted in establishment of codes of conduct. However he points out the threat that the concepts of control and "jurisdiction" over humanitarian action represent and analyzes discrepancies between minimal standards and universal principles. The article concludes with a presentation of an alternative solution based on the "Quality" platform being developed by several French NGOs.

  8. Physical Education Cultures in Sweden: Fitness, Sports, Dancing … Learning?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larsson, Håkan; Karlefors, Inger

    2015-01-01

    In a significant article from 1993, Crum describes the purpose of physical education (PE) as a "planned introduction into movement culture". In broad terms, this purpose is tantamount to the stated purpose of Swedish PE in national steering documents. Crum contends, however, that physical educators do not prioritise learning, which is…

  9. Thematic Maps for Humanitarian Demining

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrija Krtalić

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The Croatian Mine Action Centre (CROMAC reviewed, defined and marked the entire mine suspected area (MSA in Croatia by the year 2004. However, due to the need to reduce risk and the lack of information from the deepest reaches of the MSA, its surface area was defined as larger than in reality. Mine clearance is a long-term, expensive process, and Croatia has committed itself to resolving the problem of landmines on its territory by 201 9. Such developments have led to searching for and finding solutions to speed up resolution of the mine problem in Croatia (and in the world through reducing the defined MSA. The reduction of an already defined MSA requires additional data and information from the deepest reaches of the MSA, on the basis of which a revision of existing SMEs to make reductions will be carried out. Based on these data and revision of the existing MSA, reduction can be performed. All subsequently collected data and information, together with previously known data from the CROMAC Mine Information System (MIS, are processed in the decision support system in conditions of uncertainty. The results obtained are displayed on different thematic maps, showing the positions of objects and their spatial impact on the environment. Thus, thematic maps allow insights into topics which experts in humanitarian demining can use to make decisions in the process. These thematic maps are the result of the methodology created within the project Space and Airborne Mined Area Reduction Tools (SMART, and further developed in the technological project System for Multisensor Airborne Reconnaissance and Surveillance in Emergency Situations and Environmental Protection, TP-06/0007-01 , Ministry of Science, Education and Sports; Deployment of Advanced Intelligence Decision Support System for Mine Suspected Area Reduction in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the author's doctoral dissertation. This paper establishes the new terminology for new, improved thematic maps

  10. Visit to CERN by the Israeli Minister of Science, Culture and Sport

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    Galeb Majadle, the Israeli Minister of Science, Culture and Sport, and Robert Aymar, CERN’s Director-General. Israeli Minister, Galeb Majadle was invited to install the final thin gap muon chambers for the big muon wheels of ATLAS.On 26 July, Galeb Majadle, the Israeli Minister of Science, Culture and Sport, who is the first Arab member of an Israeli government, paid a visit to CERN. After being shown round the Laboratory, the Minister went to the ATLAS muon chamber assembly hall, where he was invited to install the final thin gap muon chambers for the big muon wheels of ATLAS. Israeli institutes are heavily involved in manufacturing these detectors. They have long-standing expertise in the field, as it was Israeli groups who developed the thin gap chambers (TGC) for the OPAL experiment. Since then, this technology has been optimized for ATLAS. Construction of the TGC wheels has been entrust...

  11. Mr. Matan Vilnai, Israeli Minister of Science, Culture and Sport visited CERN on 20 March

    CERN Multimedia

    Laurent Guiraud

    2000-01-01

    No 17: Mr. Yuval Ne\\'eman, director of the centre for advanced studies at Tel-Aviv University, explains the standard model of physics to the Minister. No 20 : left to right, H.E. Mr. David Peleg, Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Israel to the UN, Minister Vilnai, Professor Hagit Meser Yaron, Chief Scientist at the Ministry of Science, Culture and Sport, and Mr. Nachman Shai, Director General of the Ministry with Giora Mikenberg, ATLAS and OPAL physicist

  12. Meeting needs of Muslim girls in school sport: case studies exploring cultural and religious diversity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benn, Tansin; Pfister, Gertrud

    2013-01-01

    This paper contains a sociocultural analysis of school sport experiences of Muslim girls in two countries with different gender policies in physical education (PE) classes: England and Denmark. In Denmark, PE lessons take place in co-educative classes, in England schools are more diverse, with predominantly co-educational but also single-sex and faith schools offering different learning contexts. Two case studies from Denmark and England are used to explore the experiences of migrant Muslim girls in these different settings. A social constructionist approach to gender underpins the interpretation of stakeholders' voices on the inclusion of Muslim girls and the analysis of PE discourses in these countries. Findings illustrate similarities and differences at the interface of cultural diversity, political rhetoric of inclusion and realities of sport experiences for Muslim girls in both countries. Complex influences on PE experiences include gender stereotypes, cultural and religious orientations and practices, as well as actions and expectations of parents, communities and coaches/teachers. The studies provide insights into the ways participants managed their identities as Muslim girls in different sport environments to enable participation and retention of their cultural identities. Highlighted throughout the paper are the ways in which school sport policy and practice, providers and gatekeepers, can include or exclude groups, in this case Muslim girls. Too often coaches and teachers are unaware of crucial facts about their learners, not only in terms of their physical development and capabilities but also in terms of their cultural needs. Mistakes in creating conducive learning environments leave young people to negotiate a way to participate or refrain from participation.

  13. Ethics and images of suffering bodies in humanitarian medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calain, Philippe

    2013-12-01

    Media representations of suffering bodies from medical humanitarian organisations raise ethical questions, which deserve critical attention for at least three reasons. Firstly, there is a normative vacuum at the intersection of medical ethics, humanitarian ethics and the ethics of photojournalism. Secondly, the perpetuation of stereotypes of illness, famine or disasters, and their political derivations are a source of moral criticism, to which humanitarian medicine is not immune. Thirdly, accidental encounters between members of the health professions and members of the press in the humanitarian arena can result in misunderstandings and moral tension. From an ethics perspective the problem can be specified and better understood through two successive stages of reasoning. Firstly, by applying criteria of medical ethics to the concrete example of an advertising poster from a medical humanitarian organisation, I observe that media representations of suffering bodies would generally not meet ethical standards commonly applied in medical practice. Secondly, I try to identify what overriding humanitarian imperatives could outweigh such reservations. The possibility of action and the expression of moral outrage are two relevant humanitarian values which can further be spelt out through a semantic analysis of 'témoignage' (testimony). While the exact balance between the opposing sets of considerations (medical ethics and humanitarian perspectives) is difficult to appraise, awareness of all values at stake is an important initial standpoint for ethical deliberations of media representations of suffering bodies. Future pragmatic approaches to the issue should include: exploring ethical values endorsed by photojournalism, questioning current social norms about the display of suffering, collecting empirical data from past or potential victims of disasters in diverse cultural settings, and developing new canons with more creative or less problematic representations of

  14. Humanitarian war: a new consensus?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woodward, S L

    2001-12-01

    The NATO bombing operation Allied Force against Yugoslavia in March-June 1999 represents the final disappearance of the narrowing divide between humanitarianism and politics: a war initiated and justified on humanitarian grounds. Although unlikely to be repeated any time soon, the Kosovo case appears to have cemented an ideological shift on the international right and even necessity of sing military force to protect civilians within sovereign states. Rather than humanitarians acknowledging the political context and consequences of their work, however, the case suggests the embrace of humanitarian principles of universality and neutrality by military organisations. This article discusses some consequences of the new consensus: neglect of the political context (both local and foreign) of such operations, interaction between the operational dynamics of relief operations and the logic of war and the political consequences of using the humanitarian legitimation and mission in such cases.

  15. HUMANITARIAN EDUCATION IN ASPECT OF INTERCULTURAL DIALOGUE OF THE CRIMEA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SUGROBOVA Y.Y.

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The article analyses the humanitarian education as a representative sphere of cultural creativity in the Crimean polyethnic space. Under conditions of contact zone of dominant macroethnoses, the Crimean Turkic people and Crimean Slavs, the system of education should be orientated not only to harmonisation of inter-ethnic relations but mainly to consolidation of nation, creation of integral polyethnic cultural space.

  16. HUMANITARIAN EDUCATION IN ASPECT OF INTERCULTURAL DIALOGUE OF THE CRIMEA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SUGROBOVA Y.Y.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The article analyses the humanitarian education as a representative sphere of cultural creativity in the Crimean polyethnic space. Under conditions of contact zone of dominant macroethnoses, the Crimean Turkic people and Crimean Slavs, the system of education should be orientated not only to harmonisation of inter-ethnic relations but mainly to consolidation of nation, creation of integral polyethnic cultural space.

  17. 浅谈体育课堂文化构建%Discussion on the Construction of Sports Classroom Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏文军

    2016-01-01

    The development of school sports culture to guide the direction of school physical education curriculum reform, school physical education curriculum reform promote the development of school sports culture. Only by establishing scientific and reasonable physical classroom culture, in order to deepen the reform of school sports, school sports to promote cultural de-velopment, and accelerating the construction of socialist spiritual civilization. Therefore, how to scientifically reasonable con-struction sports classroom culture of campus sports culture development is particularly important.%学校体育文化发展引导着学校体育课程改革的方向,学校体育课程改革的过程推动着学校体育文化的发展。只有构建科学合理的体育课堂文化,才能深化学校体育改革,推动学校体育文化发展,加快社会主义精神文明建设。因此,如何科学合理地构建体育课堂文化学对校体育文化的发展尤为重要。

  18. Humanitarian demining technology toolbox

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joynt, Vernon P.

    2003-09-01

    This is a keynote address surveying the field of Humanitarian Demining (HD) from the viewpoint of a participating company. The controlling bodies, funding structures and some of the important sources of R&D relevant to HD are identified. The various techniques and technologies in common use as also technologies freshly put into field use are mentioned. The way in which they all fit into the demining toolbox is explained. Finally a view of future technologies that are potentially able to change HD efficiency and safety is discussed.

  19. 城市体育文化发展方式研究%Development Ways of Modern Urban Sports Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱媛媛

    2012-01-01

    运用社会学中文化的相关定义以及城市学中的相关理论,从文化组织视角、城市体育文化圈视角以及文化事件视角,对我国城市体育文化发展方式进行分析,多视角的阐述发展城市体育文化的形式与方法,为发展我国城市体育文化提供理论借鉴,进一步推动城市体育文化的创新与发展。%On the basis of the relevant definitions of culture in sociology and the related theories of urban-ology,the paper analyses the development ways of China's urban sports culture.from the perspectives of the cultural organization,the circle of urban sports culture and the cultural incident.the paper also analyses the developing ways of the China's urban sport and its shapes and methods so as to develop China's urban sports culture and further promote the innovation and the development of urban sports culture.

  20. Influence of physical culture and sport on the psychophysiological state of students.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moskalenko N.V.

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The features of the psychophysiology state of students under influence of employments a physical culture and sport are considered. 50 students took part in research. From them 25 are students of sporting separation. For research of perception tests were utillized on reproducing of muscular efforts and temporal intervals. For research of memory are methods «visual memory» and «auditory memory». For research of attention is a method «proof-reading test with the rings of Landolt». For research thoughts are a method «arithmetic account». The favourable affecting of employments is exposed perception, attention and thought of students. It is set that students-sportsmen have a high level of development of attention, above average level of development of perception and memory, middle level of development of thought.

  1. International Humanitarian intervention in Kosovo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valmir Hylenaj

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Humanitarian intervention in Kosovo did not happen by any geopolitical interest, but simply by an entirely humanitarian character which is closely connected with democratic principles, human rights, and the lack of moral order. Except for damages, massacres and destruction by fire of very sophisticated military artillery, Serbian army and police have forced with violence more than thousands of Kosovo Albanians to leave their home (Pllana, 2010, 241. With humanitarian intervention, NATO had shown it was ready to defend universal human values as the fundamental principle of humanity (free life. Main purpose of this article is an analysis of the international human intervention in Kosovo

  2. CROSS-CULTURAL METHODOLOGY IN SPORT PSYCHOLOGY: THE VALUE-NORMATIVE APPROACH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yulia Victorovna Paigunova

    2016-11-01

    Application of results. Theoretical conclusions of this paper can provide the basis for researches on the problems of sport axiology and in development of psychology and pedagogy programs of sports activities, as well as in teaching special courses in universities, for example, sport pedagogy, sport psychology, conflict management in sport.

  3. Virtues and humanitarian ethics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Löfquist, Lars

    2017-01-01

    This paper analyses the contribution of virtue ethics, the study of good character traits, to the humanitarian context. It argues that a virtue ethics perspective paints a realistic picture of the use of ethical standards in morally complex circumstances. Virtuous relief workers can employ standards in their thinking, but they are also committed to professional excellence that goes beyond any formal code. The concept of virtue ethics places a stress on moral development, which can be facilitated by role models that impart modest and feasible ideals. However, virtue ethics cannot provide simple guidelines on how to resolve difficult situations. It is possible that two virtuous persons can disagree on what should be done in a particular instance. In addition, a virtue ethics perspective emphasises the need for both individuals and organisations to discuss the actual purpose of relief work in order to pinpoint the virtues of a good relief professional. © 2017 The Author(s). Disasters © Overseas Development Institute, 2017.

  4. Humanitarian Branding & the Media

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestergaard, Anne

    2006-01-01

    are becoming increasingly commercialized. This paper explores the use of media discourse for the communication of ethical messages by humanitarian organizations, caught, as they are, in a tension between, on the one hand, the commercial strategies of visibility and still greater dependence on the media, and......The development of corporate communication in recent years has brought about a fading of the division of labor between commercial and non-commercial organizations. While the practices of commercial organizations are becoming increasingly ethicalized, so the practices of non-profit organizations......'s branding strategies testify to a high degree of reflexivity about the conditions of what Luc Boltanski calls a Crisis of Pity. The analysis illustrates how, in the face of compassion fatigue, the organization manages to carve out a new space for itself in the marketized ethical discourse, and leads...

  5. On the Construction of School Sports Culture System and Development of Social Sports%学校体育文化体系构建与社会体育发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐世军

    2015-01-01

    The school sports culture has the general nature of culture, its generation and development was constrained and affected by social culture. In the culture context of development worldwide, this paper determines the guiding ideology for the development of sports culture, to insure the direction of development, so as to determine the nature, purpose of development and task of school sports culture, constantly absorbing and reconciling foreign sports culture, inheriting and developing its own unique school sports culture, gradually formes the system of school sports culture in China, to promote the development of social sports culture.%学校体育文化具有文化的一般性质,其产生与发展受社会文化的制约与影响。在文化的世界性发展背景下,应首先确定体育文化发展的指导思想,保证发展的方向性,从而确定学校体育文化的性质、发展的目的和任务,不断吸收、融合外来体育文化,继承和发展自身独特的学校体育文化,逐渐形成我国学校体育文化体系,推动社会体育文化的发展。

  6. Who should drive humanitarian responses?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nick Cater

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available From refugee flows to earthquake relief, it is invariably local groups which are on the humanitarian frontline. Should international agencies reinvent themselves as solidarity and advocacy networks and start letting Southern NGOs take the lead?

  7. EVALUATION OF STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT FIELDS CULTURE, CAPABILITY, INFORMATION AND HUMAN RESOURCES OF YOUTH AND SPORT OFFICES OF WEST AZERBAIJAN PROVINCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roba Yadollahzadeh

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Management has a significant importance in sport organizations, specially, if it is accompanied with a strategic and program-oriented approach. Now in this progressing and developing world sport is not an exception, and many sport organizations are in rapid progress and in most cases the strategic approach of these organizations is the top priority. This study aims at evaluating the fields of strategic management in West Azarbaijan province offices of sport and youth. The subjects of the study are 47 managers and their assistants of W.Azarbaijan youth and sport offices. The tool of gathering data is a standard questionnaire which is made by Vic Gilgeous (improving strategic concerns.The method of descriptive research is a kind of analysis that, it is performed in a field study. For data analyzing, some parameters of descriptive and inferential statistics such as standard deviation, mean, frequency and some other like one sample t-test were used. The results show that the amount of realization of the culture, information and the strategic management resources in offices of youth and sports of W. Azerbaijan, are not in an appropriate condition (p < 0.05.So according to the results of the study we can deduce that the culture, information and strategic management resources in W. Azerbaijan offices of youth and sports, are significantly different with the society average and these fields need to be improved and strengthened.

  8. The Influence of Zhejiang University Sports Events on the Campus Sport Culture%浙江省高校体育赛事对校园体育文化的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱宏颖

    2012-01-01

    All kinds of sports events in university campus sports culture construction has the balance of power.This paper analyzes the connotation of campus sports culture,elaborates the main structure in all kinds of sports events and contradictions,points out that the sports events in the construction of sports culture on campus to function and structure optimization scheme.%高校各类体育赛事在校园体育文化建设中具有举足轻重的地位,文章分析了校园体育文化内涵,阐述高校开展各类体育赛事主体结构与矛盾,指出体育赛事对校园体育文化建设的作用及结构优化方案。

  9. A Research Agenda for Humanitarian Health Ethics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunt, Matthew; Schwartz, Lisa; Pringle, John; Boulanger, Renaud; Nouvet, Elysée; O'Mathúna, Dónal; Arya, Neil; Bernard, Carrie; Beukeboom, Carolyn; Calain, Philippe; de Laat, Sonya; Eckenwiler, Lisa; Elit, Laurie; Fraser, Veronique; Gillespie, Leigh-Anne; Johnson, Kirsten; Meagher, Rachel; Nixon, Stephanie; Olivier, Catherine; Pakes, Barry; Redwood-Campbell, Lynda; Reis, Andreas; Renaldi, Teuku; Singh, Jerome; Smith, Maxwell; Von Schreeb, Johan

    2014-01-01

    This paper maps key research questions for humanitarian health ethics: the ethical dimensions of healthcare provision and public health activities during international responses to situations of humanitarian crisis. Development of this research agenda was initiated at the Humanitarian Health Ethics Forum (HHE Forum) convened in Hamilton, Canada in November 2012. The HHE Forum identified priority avenues for advancing policy and practice for ethics in humanitarian health action. The main topic areas examined were: experiences and perceptions of humanitarian health ethics; training and professional development initiatives for humanitarian health ethics; ethics support for humanitarian health workers; impact of policies and project structures on humanitarian health ethics; and theoretical frameworks and ethics lenses. Key research questions for each topic area are presented, as well as proposed strategies for advancing this research agenda. Pursuing the research agenda will help strengthen the ethical foundations of humanitarian health action. PMID:25687273

  10. Sports culture heritage of modern Chinese Christian universities Sports culture heritage of modern Chinese Christian universities%近代中国教会大学体育文化的传承研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王秀强; 孙麒麟

    2016-01-01

    运用文献资料和逻辑分析等方法,从体育经费和场馆设施、体育制度及组织、体育竞赛和课外活动、体育思想及价值观等方面对近代中国教会大学体育文化进行挖掘和整理,提出近代中国教会大学体育的历史贡献,得出主要结论:教会大学体育历经发端、巅峰和衰退阶段,受西方体育文化的影响较大;教会大学体育对中国近代体育进行了思想启蒙,促进了体育理论研究,引领和示范了国立和私立大学体育,历史贡献不容忽视;教会大学体育印证了体育在强健学生体魄、完善学生人格、提升学生综合素质方面不可替代的作用;教会大学体育的精神财富将继续为新时期大学体育文化建设提供借鉴和启示。%Modern Chinese Christian universities played an important role in promoting school sports development, introducing western sport concepts, and enhancing exchange between East and West in the history of Chinaˊs modern sports. This study uses the methods of literature review and logical analysis to study the finance, facilities, organization, intramural athletics and extracurricular sports activities, and sports ideology and values, of the Christian universities in modern China. We recognize the historical contributions of Christian universities on this basis and draw the following conclusions:Christian universitiesˊsports experienced beginning, peak and decline stages under the influence of the Western sports culture;Christian universities sports enlightened China modern sports and promoted sports theory research thus playing a leading role in sports of both public and private universities; its historical contribution in building students ˊ physique, improving students ˊpersonality , and improving studentsˊ comprehensive quality should not be under-estimated; the heritage of Christian universitiesˊsports will continue to serve as a valuable reference for university sports

  11. Sale leisure activities of children and youth in out of school educational establishments of physical culture and sports destinations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tikhonova N.V.

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Purpose : To determine the role of extracurricular educational establishments of physical culture sports direction in providing leisure activities for children and youth. Material : The results of the analysis of the scientific and methodological literature, statistical reports of the Ministry of Youth and Sports of Ukraine, authorities of Physical Culture and Sport, authorities the Department of Education and Science. Results : Based on the analysis of statistical reports determined satisfactory condition and leisure activities in non-school educational establishments physical culture sports direction. This is confirmed by an increase in the number of pupils and students dealing all kinds of physical culture health improvement work. Also, the decline in the number of pupils and students classified for health reasons for the special medical group. Conclusions : Our data showed that extracurricular educational institutions physical culture sports direction have a place in leisure activities. They play an important role in motor activity, substantial leisure and healthy lifestyles for children and young people of our country.

  12. College sports associations and the construction of campus sports culture%高校体育社团与校园体育文化建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方成军; 刘南平

    2015-01-01

    the university sports club is an important carrier of university sports culture communication, is the extension and supplement of sports teaching work in colleges and universities, is rich and show students after school a bright window of spiritual and cultural life, to promote college students' health of body and mind, edify sentiment, personal talent show plays an important role. It in promoting and building a harmonious university campus culture construction, embodies the respect students' subjectivity, the characteristics of the students subjective initiative, highlighted the "student-centered" everything for the healthy growth of the students is the need of college campus culture construction idea, better, faster to promote the construction and development of college campus sports culture.%高校体育社团是高校体育文化传播的一个重要载体,是高校体育教学工作的延伸与补充,是丰富与展示大学生课余精神文化生活的一道亮丽窗口,对促进大学生身心健康、陶冶情操、个人才华展示发挥着重要作用。它在推动与构建和谐的高校校园文化建设中,充分体现了尊重学生主体性,发挥学生主观能动性的特点,突出了“以学生为中心”一切都以学生的健康成长为需要的高校校园文化建设理念,更好、更快的推动高校校园体育文化的建设与发展。

  13. Humanitarian NGOs and Mediations of Political Order in Sri Lanka

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Birgitte

    2008-01-01

    This article argues that international and national humanitarian NGOs have a far more fundamental bearing on the social reconstitution of Sri Lankan society as a political, cultural, and moral entity than is usually acknowledged. Through their interventions, humanitarian agencies affect the power...... relationship between state and non-state actors and between local organizations and the war-affected populations that make up their constituencies. But NGOs also affect the political order by introducing new understandings of the citizen and providing alternative moral arguments to legitimize power...

  14. Development and Humanitarian Agencies Behind the Lines: Establishing Security in the Operational Space

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Han Zhili

    2006-01-01

    @@ It has been widely recognized that development and humanitarian agencies play a key role in post-conflict peace building. The anarchical and chaotic conditions of failing states are considered the sources of conflict. International military response is not enough to uproot the sources or to prevent conflict from reviving. In the long term, coordinated development and humanitarian program are required to help failing states reform their political institutions, improve security and judicial systems, promote social and economic development, and eradicate underlying socio-economic, cultural and humanitarian problems leading to the conflict. ① It is not equally recognized,however, that development and humanitarian agencies also contribute in the campaign by international military forces to establish a workable level of security in the operational space. In this essay, I examine three important roles that development and humanitarian agencies play in this regard, namely: mine action, Disarmament, Demobilization,Rehabilitation and Reintegration (DDRR) , and intelligence.

  15. A systematic literature review of sport and physical activity participation in culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) migrant populations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Driscoll, Téa; Banting, Lauren Kate; Borkoles, Erika; Eime, Rochelle; Polman, Remco

    2014-06-01

    Culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) migrants face significant health risks as they adapt to new cultures. These risks are exacerbated by their limited participation in preventative behaviours such as sports and physical activity. The review aimed to identify studies that examined the correlates of sport and physical activity participation in migrants. The systematic review identified 72 papers, including 6 interventions, 18 qualitative and 48 quantitative studies. The 44 identified correlates highlight the complexities involved in working with migrants. The correlates were grouped in four themes using the social ecological model; acculturation, demographic, psychosocial and environmental/organisational. The social ecological model identified general correlates such as social support and safety. However, there were unique correlates relating to individuals who are facing cultural changes such as acculturation and language. Overall, there is a lack of contextualisation of CALD migrants' sport and physical activity experiences because many studies fail to consider acculturation comprehensively.

  16. The Relationship between Organizational Culture and Innovative Work Behavior for Sports Services in Tourism Enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eskiler Ersin

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The innovative behavior of individuals in the workplace is the foundation of any high-performance organization, and thus a study on the factors that motivate or enable individuals’ innovative behavior is critical (Scott, & Bruce, 1994. Therefore, the aim of this research was to find the relationship between organizational culture and innovative work behavior (IWB in tourism enterprises that market sports services. Considering the fact that IWB is crucial for tourism enterprises, exploring the factors that influence IWB could be beneficial. Correlation analysis revealed that IWB was found to be significantly correlating with cooperativeness (r=0.442, p<0.05, innovativeness (r=0.510, p<0.05, consistency (r=0.522, p<0.05, and effectiveness (r=0.554, p<0.05. Additionally, stepwise regression analysis, which was conducted to discover whether organizational culture predicts IWB, showed a significant model: F(2-131=33.775, p<0.05. The model explained 33% of the variance in IWB (Adjusted R2=0.33. In general, our findings suggest that there is a relationship between organizational culture and IWB and that organizational culture significantly predicts IWB. As IWB is crucial for the enhanced performance and success of any organization, organizational culture should be organized in order to encourage employees in terms of IWB.

  17. Trying to fit in - upper secondary school students' negotiation processes between sports culture and youth culture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Stine Frydendal; Thing, Lone Friis

    2017-01-01

    youth culture, because living a healthy and physically active life doesn’t fit very well with the prevailing norms of youth culture, which involve a dominant social arena characterized by parties and alcohol. By applying the figurational sociology of Norbert Elias, this article shows that being included...

  18. 体育史学与体育文化研究的关系及未来走向%Relationship between Sports Historiography and Sports Culture Research and Future Direction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝勤

    2014-01-01

    体育史学是记录、收集、整理、研究、解释体育这一社会文化现象发生、发展、演变的过程与规律的学科。而体育文化则是一个涵盖思想精神、制度、组织到具体文化表现形态的内涵复杂,范围广泛,边缘模糊的新兴研究领域。体育史学是体育文化研究的基础与支撑学科,对当今的体育文化研究具有直接的影响。文章试图从我国体育史学与体育文化研究的历程、现状与关系入手,阐述加强体育史学科与体育文化研究建设发展的意义与途径。%Sports history is a science subject that records, collects, sorts, researches and explains the occurrence, development and evolution process of sports as a social cultural phenomenon, while sports culture is a new research realm that covers spirit, system, organizations and cultural forms with the characteristics of complicated connotation, wide range and ambiguous edges. Sports history science is the basis and supporting subject of sports cultural research, which has direct influence on the current sports culture research. The paper attempts to expound the importance of strengthening the research of sports history and sports culture from the perspective of the relationship between sports his-tory and sports culture.

  19. 湖湘农村体育文化发展之源探究%The Source study of The development of Rural Sports Culture in Hunan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋琦

    2013-01-01

    Rural sports culture in Hunan province is a part of Hunan sports culture, and the sports culture is a part of Hunan culture, the relationship among them three is closely related. Hunan rural sports culture was from the essence of modern Huxiang sports thoughts and modern practice of Hunan athletes;and the rural sports culture will not only enrich the sports culture connotation, will enlarge Huxiang culture influence, and has major effect on guiding the Huxiang sports to make more brilliant victory.%  湖湘农村体育文化是湖湘体育文化的一部分,而湖湘体育文化是湖湘文化的一部分,三者关系紧密相关。湖湘农村体育文化来源于湖湘体育思想精髓和当代湖湘体育健儿的实践;湖湘农村体育文化不仅会丰富湖湘体育文化之内涵,还会扩大湖湘文化之影响,对指导湖湘体育取得更加辉煌的胜利具有重大影响作用。

  20. The Evolution of Charles Dickens' Humanitarian Outlook

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李庆华

    2001-01-01

    Charles Dickens, as an important English novelist, criticised the English society of the Victorian Age,which reflects his humanitarian outlook. His humanitarian outlook includes his early optimism and mature satire as well as sentiment during the climax of his creation and his late years. Furthermore, Dickens' life experience as a man which helped to form his humanitarian outlook provided him with boundless writing resources, and then, he produced many excellent works.key words: Charles Dickens; the Victorian Age; Humanitarian Outlook; Evolution.

  1. Research on Chuanqing Nationality's Traditional Sports Culture%穿青族传统体育文化研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史占格

    2014-01-01

    Though literature review and field survey, this paper studied the traditional sports culture of Chuanqing nationality. The result shows that Chuanqing nationality has a long history of sp-orts culture and extremely profound connotation of sports culture, whose main characteristics are infiltrated into their daily life, fes-tival celebration, marriage customs and entertainment. As a na-tionality with unique cultural tradition,the rich and colorful sports culture of Chuanqing nationality needs further development, summarization and inheritance.%通过文献资料、田“调查等方法,对贵州穿青族传统体育文化进行研究。结果显示:穿青族有着悠久的体育文化历史和极深的体育文化内涵,其主要特色贯穿于其日常生活、节日庆典、婚俗礼仪、娱乐嬉戏中。穿青族作为一个有着自身文化传统的少数民族,其丰富多彩的生活体育文化还有待进一步深入挖掘、整理和传承。

  2. To Explore the Connotation and Construction of Sports Competition Culture%体育竞争文化论纲

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张春燕; 钟明宝

    2015-01-01

    竞争是一种普适性的社会文化现象,更是体育的基本属性。研究阐释了体育竞争文化的超越性特征,界定了体育竞争文化的概念,分析了体育竞争文化的基本内涵与建设路径,并探讨了我国体育竞争文化从体育竞争的和谐发展、公平竞争、竞争优势、组织文化、竞争制度、竞争行为等方面的价值追求。%The competition is a phenomenon of social cultural,and competition is the essential attribute of sports. This paper discuss the the concept and connotation of sports competitive culture, and say sports competition is a transcendence competitive culture. And then anylysis on the value pursuit of sports competitive culture from harmo-nious development and advantage development and organizational culture management and fair play and civilization competitive behavior and competition system.

  3. Humanitarian Assistance in Syria Analysis Technical Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-01

    TRAC-M-TM-15-012 December 2014 Humanitarian Assistance in Syria Analysis Technical Review TRADOC Analysis...INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK TRAC-M-TM-14- December 2014 Humanitarian Assistance in Syria Analysis Technical Review Author Mr...2014 3. REPORT TYPE AND DATES COVERED Technical Memorandum, July 2014 to October 2014 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Humanitarian Assistance in Syria Analysis

  4. DIDACTIC ASPECTS OF USING WEB 2.0 TECHNOLOGY IN TRAINING EXPERTS IN PHYSICAL CULTURE AND SPORTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    А А Азевич

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses techniques for using Web 2.0 technologies in modern education. Based on practical experience suggests approaches to the formation of didactic means of implementing the requirements of the GEF training in the field of physical culture and sports with the use of information and communication technologies, in particular Internet services.

  5. Building Social and Cultural Capital among Young People in Disadvantaged Communities: Lessons from a Brazilian Sport-Based Intervention Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spaaij, Ramon

    2012-01-01

    This article explores the concepts of social and cultural capital as analytical tools for investigating the capacity of sport-based intervention programs to contribute to the personal, social and professional development of disadvantaged young people. It draws on survey data (n = 129) and qualitative interviews (n = 53) with participants of the…

  6. Predicting Student Satisfaction with an Emphasis on Campus Recreational Sports and Cultural Facilities in a Turkish University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Çelik, Ali Kemal; Akyol, Kübra

    2015-01-01

    The main purpose of this paper was to determine the predictors of student satisfaction focusing on campus recreational sports and cultural facilities. The present study utilized data from a written-questionnaire administered to one thousand adult undergraduate students. The dependent variable used in predicting student satisfaction was…

  7. Electronic repository as а constituent of informative educational space of institutes of higher of culture and sport

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iryna Svistel’nik

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: to consider forming and presentation of electronic educational resources on the sites of institutes of higher of physical culture and sport of Ukraine for the informative providing of educational process and scientific researches. Material and Methods: electronic educational methodical materials of departments are analysed on sites of higher physical culture and sport of Ukraine for the opened access students, magistrate. Results: viewing of web pages of libraries of institutes of higher of physical culture and sport of Ukraine allowed to set that majority from them is not formed by electronic collections of educational resources and does not give their remote users. Conclusions: the institutes of higher of physical culture and sport must realize the row of innovations for a grant educational information in the opened access; to modify informative activity in accordance with modern requirements, to initiate and offer new modern informative services for the proper informative providing of education and science in type educational establishments, and also distribution of results of scientific researches.

  8. The informative providing of trade education is in industry of physical culture and sport of countries of former soviet spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iryna Svistel’nik

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: to investigate the innovative forms of the informative providing of educational process in institutions of higher learning of physical culture and sport of countries: Ukraine, Republic of Belarus, Republic of Moldova, Republic of Kazakhstan, Republic of Uzbekistan, Russian Federation. Material & Methods: content-analysis of web sites and web pages of sporting institutions of higher learning of these countries. Results: the informative providing of institutions of higher learning of physical culture and sport of Ukraine, Belarus, Moldova, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and RF differs substantially, in spite of the fact that the specific of educating in these educational establishments is identical. Institutions of higher learning of physical culture and sport of Ukraine actively offer the innovative forms of the informative providing − give possibility to the students and teachers to take advantage of e-catalog, electronic repository, virtual bibliographic certificate, electronic delivery of document. Sporting institutions of higher learning of Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and Russian Federation carry out the informative providing by means of the electronic-library systems, in particular "Znanium.com" and "Rukont". The system "Rukont" is erected in the grade of the national inter-branch digital resource created on the base of state educational standard and contains the informative resource of different family: books, magazines, separate articles, and also audio, video data, multimedia. Collection of electronic versions of editions of electronic-library systems "Znanium.com" unites books, magazines, articles grouped on thematic and having a special purpose signs. The unique institute of higher of Republic of Moldova does not give electronic informative services, but uses the traditional forms of the informative providing by means of catalogues and card library indexes. Conclusions: higher educational establishments of physical culture and

  9. Discussion on Physical Culture and Sports Journalism and Communication Management%体育文化与体育新闻传播管理探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王佳茵

    2011-01-01

    体育文化与体育新闻传播之间的关系决定要构建和谐的体育文化,必须加强体育新闻传播管理。本文主要介绍我国体育文化的发展现状,分析体育与体育新闻传播以及体育文化与体育新闻传播之间的关系,提出体育新闻传播中存在的问题,并提出加强体育新闻传播管理的有关建议。%The relations of sports culture and sports communication decided to build a harmonious sports culture,sports news spread management must be strengthened.This paper describes the development status of China's sports culture,analyzes the rela-tionship between sports culture and sports news communication,put forward the problems in sports news spread,and proposed the proposal to strengthen the management of sports news communication.

  10. Specifics of international humanitarian operation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. V. Patlashynska

    2016-06-01

    Therefore, the author stresses that despite the difference in approach, understanding the role and place of humanitarian operations in world politics, аnd their impact on the promotion of human rights and freedoms as essential moral guidance is extremely large.

  11. Moving into and out of High-Performance Sport: The Cultural Learning of an Artistic Gymnast

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barker-Ruchti, Natalie; Schubring, Astrid

    2016-01-01

    Background: High-performance sport has been described as a formative environment through which athletes learn sporting skills but also develop athletic selves. Within this process, career movements related to selection for and de-selection from representative teams constitute critical moments. Further, retirement from sport can be problematic as…

  12. Moving into and out of High-Performance Sport: The Cultural Learning of an Artistic Gymnast

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barker-Ruchti, Natalie; Schubring, Astrid

    2016-01-01

    Background: High-performance sport has been described as a formative environment through which athletes learn sporting skills but also develop athletic selves. Within this process, career movements related to selection for and de-selection from representative teams constitute critical moments. Further, retirement from sport can be problematic as…

  13. THE APPROACH OF SOCIAL MARKETING OF THE HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTION OF PHYSICAL CULTURE AND SPORT BASED ON IMAGE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liliana BUDEVICI – PUIU

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The assessment of students, clients, bachelors, beneficiaries, the auxiliary teaching and non-teaching staff regarding some important aspects related to the activity and duties of the Academic Institution of Physical Education and Sport (reflects the study on a Institutional level are very important on making a social image of prosperity Thus, the media, social marketing are effective tools in promoting the image of the higher education institution of physical culture and sport. Also the information of marketing’s research can have a significantly role in direction of Academic Institution activity towards the improvement of its educational services for students’ benefit and potential beneficiaries.

  14. PHYSICAL CULTURE AND ITS ROLE IN TRAINING THE STUDENTS OF NON-SPORTS HIGHER EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergey V. Kaznacheyev

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the investigation is to show long-felt need of formation of proof motivation to physical culture and skills of a healthy way of life among university students, whose specialties are not connected with the sports. Methods. The methods involve survey and questionnaire as a part of sociological research (such methods were used to find out what place occupies health in the system of modern students’ values, and what are be the basic motives of a healthy way of life of student’s youth. The standard computer statistical analysis was applied to processing of research results. Scientific novelty and results. Modern interpretation of the term «physical training» is given. Authors of the present study maintain and prove the fact that not only simply applied aspect of the formation, helping to achieve quality health of the person and to get the competence of professional sports, but also a science concerning the ways and technologies of achievement of harmony of the personal development, provide successful preparation for work on the chosen specialty. Data of sociological research shows stereotypic representations of students on physical training as a way of improvement of muscles work and increase its weight. The research show total imperception of the fact that muscles activity is reflected in emotionally-shaped thinking; successful mastering of modern scientific knowledge, active ability to live, successful implementation of personal and professional plans are impossible without such activities. Low valeological competence of parents, school teachers, tutors and teachers of higher schools is revealed as the main reason of an absence of students’ organisation skills of a healthy way of life, and upkeeping the state of health. Practical significance. Research materials justify that the system of mass physical training requires conceptual reforming; it is required to include reconsideration of a place and role of the so

  15. Microforms and Sport History.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levine, Peter

    1986-01-01

    Explores the importance of sport history as it reflects the social and cultural history of the United States. Discussion covers the various sport history materials that are available in microform, including the Spalding Collection, twentieth-century microfilm sources, and sports and social history (Sports Periodicals microfilm series). (EJS)

  16. [The development of mass physical culture and sports in the constituent entities of the Russian Federation as a factor of formation of the healthy life style].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kakorina, E P; Rudiakova, S E

    2011-01-01

    Provision of proper conditions for the creation of healthy life style is a priority of the state policy in this country with special attention given to the development of the mass physical culture and sports. The present paper contains information on the proportion of the population of the Russian Federation regularly engaged in physical culture and sports, provision of necessary sport facilities, and budgetary expenditures for the purpose in different constituent entities of the country. Public satisfaction with the conditions available for mass physical education and sports is discussed. Taking into account the low average life expectancy of the country's population and the increasing morbidity and traumaticity rates among the younger generation, it appears impossible to address the global challenge of improving the health of the nation without promotion of mass physical culture and sports and renewal of interest in these activities among the general population.

  17. The management in the sphere of physical culture and sport at the level of administrative and territorial units: traditions and innovations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viktor Savchenko

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: to analyze the activity of subjects of management in the sphere of physical culture and sport at the level of territorial administrative units. Material & Methods: the legal analysis of a feature of management in the sphere of physical culture and sport of administrative and territorial units of the various level. Results: the main activities of administrative structures of the governmental authorities and the local governments are allocated. Conclusions: it is revealed that the sphere of physical culture and sport needs the improvement in the conditions of decentralization, offers on its reforming are considered.

  18. Humanitarian engineering in the engineering curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vandersteen, Jonathan Daniel James

    There are many opportunities to use engineering skills to improve the conditions for marginalized communities, but our current engineering education praxis does not instruct on how engineering can be a force for human development. In a time of great inequality and exploitation, the desire to work with the impoverished is prevalent, and it has been proposed to adjust the engineering curriculum to include a larger focus on human needs. This proposed curriculum philosophy is called humanitarian engineering. Professional engineers have played an important role in the modern history of power, wealth, economic development, war, and industrialization; they have also contributed to infrastructure, sanitation, and energy sources necessary to meet human need. Engineers are currently at an important point in time when they must look back on their history in order to be more clear about how to move forward. The changing role of the engineer in history puts into context the call for a more balanced, community-centred engineering curriculum. Qualitative, phenomenographic research was conducted in order to understand the need, opportunity, benefits, and limitations of a proposed humanitarian engineering curriculum. The potential role of the engineer in marginalized communities and details regarding what a humanitarian engineering program could look like were also investigated. Thirty-two semi-structured research interviews were conducted in Canada and Ghana in order to collect a pool of understanding before a phenomenographic analysis resulted in five distinct outcome spaces. The data suggests that an effective curriculum design will include teaching technical skills in conjunction with instructing about issues of social justice, social location, cultural awareness, root causes of marginalization, a broader understanding of technology, and unlearning many elements about the role of the engineer and the dominant economic/political ideology. Cross-cultural engineering development

  19. Sexual violence interventions: Considerations for humanitarian settings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wells, David

    2017-07-01

    Sexual and gender based violence may result in a range of destructive consequences to the individual, their family and the wider community. Addressing such violence and its immediate aftermath in circumstances of civil turmoil requires a timely, planned and coordinated multidisciplinary response. Such interventions need to be cognisant of, and address a range of challenges which might include economic barriers, religious and cultural divides, a dearth of respect for human rights and limited access or capacity of medical, policing and legal services. In addition to addressing the immediate humanitarian prerogatives of health and safety issues, further objectives include the provision of support and justice for victims and the goal of ending impunity for perpetrators of sexual violence. Forensic medicine and its practitioners have the potential to make significant contributions in this field. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  20. 中国体育文化的哲学追求%Philosophical Pursuit of Chinese Sports Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙威

    2015-01-01

    Methods of literature review and logical analysis is used in this paper and the result shows that the positivism and utilitarianism is the cultural root of Chinese sports dilemma. Chinese sport is the culture practice realized in the form of exercise to explore the free spirit of "tao" whose core is "sincerity, kindness and beauty". The philosophical pursuit of sports culture will be achieved in the integration and coexistence of eastern and western cultures.%采用文献资料法和逻辑分析法。研究表明:实证主义和功利主义是中国体育困局的文化根源。中国体育是利用运动之“器”探索精神自由之“道”的文化实践活动,其哲学理想是“真善美”,东西方文化融合共存是实现体育文化追求的途径。

  1. 运动文化论的源流%The Origin and Development of the Sports Culture Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王水泉

    2014-01-01

    This study aimed at the one‐sided understanding of sports culture ,and took the con‐notation and the significance of clear sports culture as research purposes ,and selected sports culture theory advocated by Japanese school sports studies comrade as research object ,the ori‐gin and development of the sports culture theory has been analyzed .It is well accepted that the ideological origin of sports culture is the Marx ’s human overall development theory ,and is the sublation on the popular Japaese school life sports theory in the last fifty century .The develop‐ment of sports culture can be divided into three stages .The initial step development focused on exploration of “the theory of middle clause” which drew the blueprint and laid the cornerstone for being in full development of sprots culture theory ;The second step focused on probing the sports technology transfer system and the group learning theory ,criticizing the sports technique concept of “essentialism” ,at that basic ,the theory of sports culture conceived a sports technol‐ogy transfer system which made up of sports culture ,and adapted to the sports ability and knowledge level of learners .Meanwhile ,a group learning theory proposed in the meaning of curriculum which contained the learning of sports technique ,the organization mode of “hetero‐geneous group” and the principle of “common progress” ;The third step focused on elucidating the proper mode of physical education curriculum (“what’ s the real meaning of it”) ,and clearing the difference between the curriculum of physical education (“what’s the content does it teach”) and the physical education material (“what’s the tools been used to transfer”) ,that is ,conceiving a curriculum system of physical education for all students .%针对片面理解“运动文化”的状况,对“运动文化”的内涵及意义进行研究,选取日本学校体育研究同志会倡导的运动文化论为研究

  2. Parental, socio and cultural factors associated with adolescents' sports participation in four Danish municipalities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Toftegaard-Støckel, J; Nielsen, G A; Ibsen, B;

    2011-01-01

    Despite the well-documented health effects of physical activity, few studies focus on the correlates of leisure-time sports and exercise participation. The present study examined correlations between adolescent sports participation and demographic factors, socioeconomic status (SES......) and sociocultural factors. A school-based cross-sectional cluster sample including 6356 Danish fifth- and ninth-grade adolescents from four municipalities were included. Age (younger) and gender (boy) were associated with adolescents' sports participation. Girls were half as likely [odds ratio (OR) 0.49 95......% confidence interval (CI): 0.44-0.55] to participate in sports than boys. Adolescents were more likely to participate in sports if they perceived their parents as active in exercise or sports. Adolescents with one or two unemployed parents were 0.75 (95% CI: 0.62-0.89) and 0.75 (95% CI: 0...

  3. Female Sport Participation In South African Rural Schools: Analysis Of Socio-Cultural Constraints

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kubayi Ntwanano Alliance

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This study was carried out to examine constraints to sport participation among female secondary school students in Hlanganani rural area, Limpopo Province, South Africa. A total of 101 female students aged 17–24 years from four secondary schools were recruited to participate in the study. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data. Results indicated that the dress code, lack of energy, lack of family support and family commitment were identified as major constraints to sport participation among female students. The results of this study provide practical implications for promoting and developing female sports programmes in rural schools. This study suggests that stakeholders such as parents, peers, and teachers should motivate and encourage female students to participate in school sport. Additionally, the study recommended that in order to promote sport participation in rural areas, the values, norms, beliefs, attitudes and customs that restrict females from participating in sport and physical activity should be dissented.

  4. Sustainable Robots for Humanitarian Demining

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    This paper proposes a roadmap for the application of advanced technology (in particular robotics) for the humanitarian demining domain. Based on this roadmap, a portable demining kit to handle urgent situations in remote locations is described. A low-cost four-wheel steering robot with a biologically inspired locomotion control is the base of the kit. On going research on a method for all-terrain piloting, under the morphological computation paradigm is also introduced, along with the behavio...

  5. SPORT, CULTURE AND LEISURE ENVIRONMENT OF HIGHER EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS AS A SIGNIFICANT FACTOR OF THE FORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF GENERAL CULTURAL COMPETENCES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. L. Volkova

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The article focuses on aspects of the student’s personality development in the learning environment of higher education institutions. Encyclical personal enhancement is a part of modern educative process considered as a human assets investment. Federal State Educational Standards make the personality development easy going along with high educational environment. Out-of-school activities in engineering universities form the methods of creating ways of personal becoming. Out-of-school cultural-mass, physical-training and sports and fitness student activities navigated in Moscow State Technical University “STANKIN” are reviewed in details in the article. A research aimed on the sports, culture and leisure activities improvement and effectiveness was conducted among second - fourth year all training program students. Well-minded communicational skills as the research result were achieved. Thanks suitably matrixed sports, culture and leisure activities, and forming general cultural competences, students’ interests and demands implementation as well as student personality development options were achieved.

  6. 休闲——体育文化的真实体现%Leisure-- Real Embody of Sport Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱大梅

    2012-01-01

    休闲是人在除了恢复体力之外的,对精神、心理和文化的更高的需求。休闲作为一种积极参加生活的方式,是一种人生的境界和追求,是人类社会文明的标识。体育休闲是人类创造的有利于人类自身发展的高级理想生活方式。体育运动已成为一种文化,成为一种生活方式和一种生活的自觉。体育与休闲的结合并不是体育的一种新的形式,而是在时代背景下,人们对工业文明带来的体育异化现象的反思,是体育以人为本的回归。与西方的体育休闲文化相比,我国的体育休闲文化以“静”为主,在内容形式和功用具有明显的中国文明特色。%The leisure is high need to spirit, mental and culture beside of recovering one' s physical strength. As a kind of positive living way, it' s the realm and pursue of life, the symbol of human society culture. Sports lei - sure is ideal life style that in favor of human oneself development. The sport has become a kind of culture, style living self - conscious. The combination of leisure and sport is not a new form of sport, but human' s think at the return of the appearance of the industry civilization under the age background. It' s the return of people toriented in sports. Compare with the western sports leisure, our sports leisure having the obviously Chinese civilization features in contents and effect.

  7. Center for Disaster & Humanitarian Assistance Medicine

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The Center for Disaster and Humanitarian Assistance Medicine (CDHAM) was formally established at the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USUHS) by...

  8. Influence of Dragon Boat Sport Curriculum Setting up on College Campus Sports Culture%龙舟运动课程的开设对高校校园体育文化的影响研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵玉萍

    2014-01-01

    The dragon boat sport originated in China , it is a mass sports activities with strong ethnic characteristics with folk beliefs, and has a strong regional, mass and athletics.With the development of competitive sports, the dragon boat sport has become the Asian Games project successfully , the dragon boat sport is to develop for a long time, because its itself is the strong national characteristics and the spirit of solidarity , profound cultural connotation.This paper, through the literature review, logic analysis, expounds the origin of the dragon boat sport, discusses the intension of campus sports culture and education functions , expounds the opening of the dragon boat sport curriculum influence on campus sports culture .%龙舟运动起源于中国,是一项具有浓郁的民族特色的群众性体育活动带有民间信仰,具有很强的地域性、群众性和竞技性。随着竞技体育的发展,龙舟运动成功地成为了亚运会项目,龙舟运动之所以能够长久的发展下去,是因为其本身所具有的浓厚的民族特色和那种团结拼搏的精神,有着深厚的文化内涵。本文通过文献资料法、逻辑分析法阐述了龙舟运动的起源,探讨了校园体育文化的内涵及教育功能,阐述了龙舟运动课程的开设对校园体育文化的影响。

  9. Architecture humanitarian emergencies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gomez-Guillamon, Maria; Eskemose Andersen, Jørgen; Contreras, Jorge Lobos

    2013-01-01

    Introduced by scientific articles conserning architecture and human rights in light of cultures, emergencies, social equality and sustainability, democracy, economy, artistic development and science into architecture. Concluding in definition of needs for new roles, processes and education......, Architettura di Alghero in Italy, Architecture and Design of Kocaeli University in Turkey, University of Aguascalientes in Mexico, Architectura y Urbanismo of University of Chile and Escuela de Architectura of Universidad Austral in Chile....

  10. 啦啦操运动对高校校园体育文化影响的研究%Research on the Influence of Cheerleading Sport on Campus's Sports Culture in Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董晓波

    2012-01-01

    运用文献资料法、调查问卷法、数理统计法等研究方法,通过啦啦操运动对高校体育文化影响的调查分析,结果表明,啦啦操运动对大学生自身认识的体育价值观、体育健康观、体育意识、体育精神、体育行为习惯有着不同程度的影响,据此提出相应的对策与相关建议。%Using the method of literature,questionnaire,mathematical statistics and other research methods,through the investigation and study of the influence of cheerleading sport on sports culture in universities,the results shows that cheerleading sport has different effects on the view of sports value of their own understanding of college students,sports health education,sports consciousness,sports spirit and sports behavior.Then it puts forward the corresponding countermeasures and suggestions.

  11. Sports History as a Vehicle for Social and Cultural Understanding in American History

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Murry

    2005-01-01

    The United States prides itself on many things, but few are more prominent and visible than success at a sport, either locally, nationally, or internationally. Local sports are often a unifying factor in communities, and instances of success are the stuff of both fact and fiction. The 2001 Little League World Series highlighted the Rolando Paulino…

  12. 对体育文化研究领域中若干问题的思考%Several Problems in Sports Culture Research Field

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高雯雯

    2012-01-01

    On the basis of analyzing the problems in the field of sports culture brought about by the interdisciplinarity of sport and culture, the paper analyses the connotation problem of sports culture, the logic start point of sports culture and study object of sports culture and contribution of culture to sport.%通过对体育与文化学科交叉所带来的体育文化领域内的几个问题进行浅析。分别探讨了体育文化定义的困顿、体育文化概念的逻辑起点、体育文化研究对象新意及文化对体育的贡献几个方面.以期为其他学者提供一些可以给体育文化带来进一步发展的契机。

  13. Return Value of the Contemporary Sports Culture%当代体育文化悖异与价值回归

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊花梅

    2012-01-01

    采用文献资料、逻辑分析、演绎和归纳等方法,剖析了体育文化的定义、内涵以及体育文化的多元并存形式,在此基础上,提出了竞技体育文化价值的和谐回归;休闲体育文化价值由“社会需要”向“个人需要”的转型;“人文价值”人类未来体育文化价值的崇高理想;“幸福体育”人类体育文化价值的最终回归。%By using the methods of the literature review, logical analysis, deduction and induction, this paper an- alyzes the definition of sports culture, sports and cultural connotation, as well as the coexistence of diverse forms, and puts forward the sports and cultural value of harmony and return. Leisure sports culture value by social needs to personal needs transition, "humanistic value" of human future sports culture value ideal, "happy sports" hu- man sports culture value of the final regression.

  14. Reseach on Chinese traditional Sports Heritage Protection and Sports Cultural Development-orientation%我国传统体育文化遗产保护与体育文化发展导向

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龙佩林; 印春力

    2012-01-01

    Using the methods of combining literature with peculative theory,this paper analyzes the elements,uniqueness and conservation value of Chinese traditional sports heritage and discusses the universality of sports culture,revealing the basic law of sports cultural development,development-orientation of sports culture in China.The results show:The cultural heritage includes three basic elements such as physical,system and spiritual system.Its specificity is reflected in its stage of development being different from special nature of other stages;It has the value of promoting national body-building,riching sports competition and promoting the development of sports industry in the process of building a strong sports country.The universality of sports culture refers to:the nation’s sports culture,because of a consistent principle of human nature,develops according to the common law and experiens the similar history form,which provides a logical basis for China’s sports culture establishing the modern development.It puts forwards some macroeconomic strategy:Make efforts to promote the modern transformation of sports value;Co-ordinate sports and cultural elements into rational harmony;Deal with the relationship between the times of sports culture and the nationalism;so as to promote sports culture power construction in China%运用文献资料和理论思辩相结合的方法,对我国传统体育文化遗产的构成要素、特殊性和保护价值,以及体育文化的普遍性进行剖析,揭示体育文化发展的基本规律和我国体育文化的发展导向。结果认为,传统体育文化遗产包含物质、制度和精神三个基本要素,其特殊性体现在其所处的发展阶段区别于其他阶段的特殊本质,在建设体育强国的进程中具有推动全民健身、丰富体育竞技和促进体育产业发展的价值;体育文化的普遍性是指各民族的体育文化由于人性一致的原则而按照共同的规律发展,并经历

  15. Page THE PROBLEM WITH INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN LAW

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Fr. Ikenga

    a code governing the game of war, but for humanitarian reasons to reduce or limit the suffering .... 15 J Picket, Development and Principles of International Humanitarian Law (Nijoff Publishers: Geneva 1985) 7-. 8. 16 S Tzu ..... Indiscriminate launch of computer attacks is the norm ... Solution for this problem lies heavily with.

  16. Humanitarian Politics. Headline Series No. 304.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minear, Larry; Weiss, Thomas G.

    This booklet examines the issue of humanitarian aid in times of crises and how the political and military conditions that generate the need for humanitarian action have changed in the post-cold-war era. There are different faces of civil war, changes in international assistance, and complex emergencies that demand new world responses to help those…

  17. Justified Humanitarian Intervention: Operation ALLIED FORCE

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-25

    Intervention” in J.L. Holzgrefe and Robert O. Keohane , eds. Humanitarian Intervention: Ethical, Legal and Political Dilemmas (Cambridge: Cambridge...Gamble. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 2007. Holzgrefe, J.L. and Robert O. Keohane . eds. Humanitarian Intervention: Ethical, Legal and

  18. Humanitarian visas: building on Brazil's experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liliana Lyra Jubilut

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Brazil’s humanitarian visas are an important tool in complementary protection, offering legal pathways for forced migrants to reach a safer country. However, they have shortcomings that need to be addressed in order for the practice to serve as a model for an enhanced instrument of protection for humanitarian migrants elsewhere.

  19. Humanitarian Appeal and the Paradox of Power

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestergaard Jørgensen, Anne

    2013-01-01

    politicization. Some say that humanitarianism is in crisis. This article examines the development of humanitarian advertising through analysis of 124 newspaper ads published in the period from 1970 to 2005. Using a discourse analytical approach which combines institution analysis with multimodal text analysis...

  20. Leveraging Logistics Partnerships: Lessons from Humanitarian Organizations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R. Samii (Ramina)

    2008-01-01

    textabstractThis thesis explores an under-researched field: humanitarian organizations and their supply chains. Humanitarian organizations respond to the basic needs of populations that experience a tragic disruption in their lives. Given the challenging contexts they operate in, this thesis first e

  1. Athletes' opinions of food provision at the 2010 Delhi Commonwealth Games: the influence of culture and sport.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burkhart, Sarah J; Pelly, Fiona E

    2013-02-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate whether athletes' opinion of food provision in the main dining hall of the athletes' village at the Delhi 2010 Commonwealth Games varied according to cultural background, sport, stage of competition, and previous experience at similar events. A previously developed questionnaire was distributed over 3 meal periods to 351 athletes dining in the main dining hall during the course of the games (Sept. 23 to Oct. 4, 2010). Despite the challenges of food provision in a non-Western region, the availability of food and beverage items was rated highly. However, athletes from Western regions tended to rate food-provision qualities lower than athletes from non-Western regions. Most athletes found it easy to find items to meet their nutrition needs; however, requests for sports foods, snacks, and culturally specific items were received. Power/sprint athletes were more critical of the food provision, whereas athletes from aesthetic sports tended to rate it more highly. Athletes farther from competition gave higher ratings for taste, while athletes who had more experience in this type of environment also tended to be more critical of the food provision. Overall daily mean opinion scores for taste and menu variety decreased over the games period. The results of this study can help organizers and caterers ensure that appropriate food and beverage are provided for athletes at major competition events.

  2. Impact of Residents Attitudes on the Acceptance Degree of Beach Tourism, Sports Tourism, Nature Tourism and Cultural Tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Dolores Sánchez-Fernández

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The study of residents’ attitudes is important for the management of tourist destinations. Residents formed their attitude towards tourism through a cost-benefits analysis based on their perception of the tourism impacts. Residents have different levels of acceptance of different types of tourism and the aim of this paper is to contrast if there is a relationship between the attitude towards tourism and the degree of acceptance of beach tourism, sports tourism, nature tourism and cultural tourism. The data analysis was performed using Partial Least Squares on a sample of 418 residents of Ibiza, finding that: there is no causal relationship between the attitude of residents and the degree of acceptance of cultural tourism; the strongest causal relationships are between the general attitude of residents and beach tourism and between the general attitude and sports tourism. The main contribution is that a tourism-friendly attitude does not imply an equivalent support to any type of tourism, although not to generate controversy. If there is a strong relationship between general attitude and acceptance of sports tourism, in the case of Ibiza.

  3. Characteristics, determinants and perspectives of experienced medical humanitarians: a qualitative approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asgary, Ramin; Lawrence, Katharine

    2014-12-08

    To explore the characteristics, motivations, ideologies, experience and perspectives of experienced medical humanitarian workers. We applied a qualitative descriptive approach and conducted in-depth semistructured interviews, containing open-ended questions with directing probes, with 44 experienced international medical aid workers from a wide range of humanitarian organisations. Interviews were coded and analysed, and themes were developed. International non-governmental organisations (INGOs) and United Nations (UN). 61% of participants were female; mean age was 41.8 years with an average of 11.8 years of humanitarian work experience with diverse major INGOs. Significant core themes included: population's rights to assistance, altruism and solidarity as motives; self-identification with the mission and directives of INGOs; shared personal and professional morals fostering collegiality; accountability towards beneficiaries in areas of programme planning and funding; burnout and emotional burdens; uncertainties in job safety and security; and uneasiness over changing humanitarian principles with increasing professionalisation of aid and shrinking humanitarian access. While dissatisfied with overall aid operations, participants were generally satisfied with their work and believed that they were well-received by, and had strong relationships with, intended beneficiaries. Despite regular use of language and ideology of rights, solidarity and concepts of accountability, tension exists between the philosophy and practical incorporation of accountability into operations. To maintain a humanitarian corps and improve aid worker retention, strategies are needed regarding management of psychosocial stresses, proactively addressing militarisation and neo-humanitarianism, and nurturing individuals' and organisations' growth with emphasis on humanitarian principles and ethical practices, and a culture of internal debate, reflection and reform. Published by the BMJ Publishing

  4. 浅谈校园体育文化建设对学生体育意识的培养%On Cultivation of Students'Sports Consciousness through the Construction of Campus Sports Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱凯

    2015-01-01

    校园体育文化建设是学校体育工作的重要组成部分。校园体育文化能够引起学生对于体育锻炼的重视,树立终身体育意识打下基础。本文主要对当下校园体育文化建设的方式,及其作用做简要阐述。以便促进校园体育文化建设,为增进学生身心健康,打造全面素质人才奠定基础。%The construction of campus sports culture is an important part of school physical education.Campus sports culture can call students’ attention to physical exercise and lay the foundation for lifelong sports consciousness.This paper gives a brief explanation on how to construct campus sports culture and its effect.The paper is intended to promote the construction of campus sports culture,to develop students’physical and mental health and to lay foundation for cultivating all -around talents.

  5. Beiting Xida Temple Murals Sports Culture and National Sports Development%北庭西大寺壁画体育文化与民族体育发展研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庞建戎

    2013-01-01

      北庭西大寺壁画历史悠久,在已发现的部分内容中可以看到古代体育项目以及民族体育的雏形和民族体育文化的元素。壁画展现出的一些体育项目在各少数民族当中广泛传承并得到进一步发展。文章研究整理壁画中民族体育的相关信息,结合新疆悠久的历史文化和区域特点,分析探讨新疆民族体育文化发展过程中的变迁因素,促进少数民族体育文化的保护与传扬。%The murals in Beiting Xida Temple has a long history. Parts of the contents of the murals found in the temple demonstrate the elements of the embryonic form of the ancient sports and national sports and national sports culture. Some sports showing in the murals are widely inherited and developed among the various minorities. The study of national sports information in murals, combined with the long history and culture of the Xinjiang regional characteristics, reflects the factors of changes in the developing process of national sports culture in Xinjiang and promote the protection and spreading of minority sports culture.

  6. La cultura física y el deporte: fenómenos sociales /Physical culture and sport: social phenomena

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana A. Camargo R

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available La cultura física y el deporte son categorías que se han relacionado con la actividad física y la educación física a lo largo del tiempo, retomando diferentes paradigmas de conocimiento; sin embargo, el paradigma imperante ha sido el empírico-analítico, que reduce la mirada a los fenómenos medibles y observables. Objetivo: identificar las concepciones y enfoques de la cultura física y el deporte en los diferentes momentos de la historia, planteados desde la lógica del modelo de la determinación social propio de la epidemiología crítica. Metodología: revisión sistemática que permite reconocer los conceptos, teorías y modelos planteados nacional e internacionalmente alrededor de las categorías cultura física y deporte, tomando como modelo de análisis la determinación social. Resultados: la cultura física es un concepto relacionado con el cuerpo, la cultura y el movimiento que no se reconoce en las bases de datos; por el contrario, se relaciona con términos de búsqueda como deporte, recreación y actividad física. No obstante, en algunos países la cultura física se considera como un conjunto de programas y acciones desarrollados desde las áreas del deporte, la recreación y la actividad física, la cual se incluye dentro de las políticas públicas y planes de gobierno. Discusión: en Colombia no hay claridad sobre el significado y la implementación de la cultura física, por esto, se hace necesario revisar este concepto, el cual se ha utilizado dentro los procesos de formación de los profesionales de cultura física, el deporte y la recreación. -- Physical culture and sport are categories that have been associated with physical activity and physical education throughout time while picking up different paradigms of knowledge. However, the prevailing paradigm has been the empirical and analytical view, which focuses only on measurable and observable phenomena. Objective: to identify the concepts and approaches

  7. Structural Equation Modeling of Classification Managers Based on the Communication Skills and Cultural Intelligence in Sport Organizations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rasool NAZARI

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research is to develop structural equation model category managers on communication skills and cultural intelligence agencies had Isfahan Sports. Hence study was of structural equation modeling. The statistical population of this research formed the provincial sports administrators that according formal statistical was 550 people. Research sample size the sample of 207subjects was randomly selected. Cochran's sample size formula was used to determine. Measuring research and Communication Skills (0.81, Cultural Intelligence Scale (0.85 category manager's questionnaire (0.86, respectively. For analysis descriptive and inferential statistics SPSS and LISREL was used. Model results, communication skills, cultural intelligence and athletic directors classification of the fit was good (RMSEA=0.037, GFI= 0.902, AGFI= 0.910, NFT= 0.912. The prerequisite for proper planning to improve communication skills and cultural intelligence managers as influencing exercise essential while the authorial shave the right to choose directors analyst and intuitive strategies for management position shave because it looks better with the managers can be expected to exercise a clearer perspective.

  8. Qualitative review of hazing in collegiate and school sports: consequences from a lack of culture, knowledge and responsiveness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diamond, Alex B; Callahan, S Todd; Chain, Kelly F; Solomon, Gary S

    2016-02-01

    As with most mental health disorders, the topic of hazing is not exclusive to the student athlete. However, it is also clear that the unique set of situations faced by athletes create a set of additional and difficult challenges to their mental and physical well-being. A deep-rooted culture, a lack of knowledge about hazing and its causal relationships, and a failure to act by teammates and adults all play a role in the propagation of this danger. Also, in an era where the popular press similarly celebrates and chastises episodes of hazing, it is increasingly crucial to turn to the scientific literature for guidance. To provide a comprehensive review of the scientific research on hazing in sports and to make recommendations for enhancing the approach and assistance to those in need on an individual and societal level. Qualitative literature review of hazing in collegiate and school sports. Databases including PubMed, Google Scholar, SPORTDiscus, EMBASE and MEDLINE were searched using standardised terms, alone and in combination, including 'hazing', 'bullying', 'sport', 'athlete', 'college', 'school' and 'youth'. Despite increased attention to its dangers, hazing remains pervasive throughout the sports world. However, many do not recognise those actions as consistent with hazing. A change in culture, increased education and awareness, along with methodologically sound strategies for action must occur in order to reduce the ill effects and cycle of hazing. To date, current information and efforts are lacking. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/

  9. Prospect on Future Sports Development from the History of Sports and Culture Changes%从我国体育文化的历史变迁展望未来体育的发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈美琴

    2011-01-01

    本文运用文献资料法,从历史学、文化学以及未来学的角度,对我国体育文化的历史变迁进行了纵向和横向的分析,从中展望我国未来体育的发展方向。%Through using the method of literature review, from the point of history, culture and futurology, this paper makes horizontal and vertical analysis on sports and Cultural changes and prospect the future developing direction of our sports.

  10. 红色体育文化思想的历史与发展%The History and Development of the Red Sports Culture Thinking

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘显; 熊晓正

    2012-01-01

    This article uses the history text and cases analysis and description to sum up some thinking and experiences that helpful to the development of sports culture nowadays.These thinking and experiences can provide thinking enlightenment to the system reform of sports culture recently.This article found that the characters of the Red sports culture thinking are as follows.Marx-theory is the direction of its action.It pursues the political profits and lack of enlighten notions of value.We also found that the effect of Red sports culture thinking is mainly related to the value selection and practice of the sport culture.The enlightenments of Red sports culture thinking are as follows.We shall weaken the pursuing to the political profits,emphasize its attention to human nature and seek the new sport culture thinking system to boost its development.%通过对红色体育文化思想的历史文本与案例的描述与分析,归纳出对当代体育事业发展有益的思想和经验,从而为今天的体育体制改革提供有益的思想启示。通过文本和案例分析和归纳,梳理出了"五四"时期红色体育文化思想的特征是具有启蒙和救亡双重意义;革命战争时期的红色体育文化思想的特点是与教育结合;与军事结合;为救亡服务;普及与提高结合;大众化;与劳动生产结合。

  11. Sustainable Robots for Humanitarian Demining

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Correia

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes a roadmap for the application of advanced technology (in particular robotics for the humanitarian demining domain. Based on this roadmap, a portable demining kit to handle urgent situations in remote locations is described. A low-cost four-wheel steering robot with a biologically inspired locomotion control is the base of the kit. On going research on a method for all-terrain piloting, under the morphological computation paradigm is also introduced, along with the behavioural architecture underlying it, the Survival Kit. A multi-agent architecture, the DSAAR architecture, is also proposed as a way of promoting short time-to-market and soft integration of different robots in a given mission. A common denominator for all developments is the quest for sustainability with respect to (re-engineering and maintainability effort, as well as economical and ecological impact. Failing to cope with these requirements greatly reduces the applicability of a given technology to the humanitarian demining domain. Finally it is concluded that biologically inspired design fits considerably well to support a sustainable demining paradigm.

  12. Sustainable Robots for Humanitarian Demining

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro F. Santana

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes a roadmap for the application of advanced technology (in particular robotics for the humanitarian demining domain. Based on this roadmap, a portable demining kit to handle urgent situations in remote locations is described. A low-cost four-wheel steering robot with a biologically inspired locomotion control is the base of the kit. On going research on a method for all-terrain piloting, under the morphological computation paradigm is also introduced, along with the behavioural architecture underlying it, the Survival Kit. A multi-agent architecture, the DSAAR architecture, is also proposed as a way of promoting short time-to-market and soft integration of different robots in a given mission. A common denominator for all developments is the quest for sustainability with respect to (re-engineering and maintainability effort, as well as economical and ecological impact. Failing to cope with these requirements greatly reduces the applicability of a given technology to the humanitarian demining domain. Finally it is concluded that biologically inspired design fits considerably well to support a sustainable demining paradigm.

  13. Portable humanitarian mine detector overview

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allsopp, David J.; Dibsdall, Ian M.

    2002-08-01

    This paper will present an overview and early results of the QinetiQ Portable Humanitarian Mine Detector project, funded by the UK Treasury Capital Modernization Fund. The project aims to develop a prototype multi-sensor man-portable detector for humanitarian demining, drawing on experience from work for UK MoD. The project runs from July 2000 to October 2002. The project team have visited mined areas and worked closely with a number of demining organizations and a manufacturer of metal detectors used in the field. The primary objective is to reduce the number of false alarms resulting from metallic ground clutter. An analysis of such clutter items found during actual demining has shown a large proportion to be very small when compared with anti-personnel mines. The planned system integrates: a lightweight multi-element pseudo-random-code ground penetrating radar array; a pulse induction metal detector and a capacitive sensor. Data from the GPR array and metal detector are fused to provide a simple audio-visual operator interface. The capacitive sensor provides information to aid processing of the radar responses and to provide feedback to the operator of the position of the sensors above the ground. At the time of presentation the project should be in the final stages of build, prior to tests and field trials, which QinetiQ hope to carry out under the International Test and Evaluation Project (ITEP) banner.

  14. Socially-pedagogical going near the prophylaxis of asocial conduct of children and young people facilities of physical culture and sport

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kleptsova T.N.

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available A situation is considered in youth circles for the purpose the presence of harmful habits (alcoholism, tobacco smoking, drug addiction. The influence of physical culture is shown on man's human choice, on his attitude to people. By means of employments it is possible to conduct the prophylaxis of asocial conduct of children and young people a physical culture and sport. Realization of requirement in cultural leisure is presently limited to universal commercialization of this sphere of public life. It is necessary to continue work on organization of sporting clubs, clubs on interests. It is necessary to attract in clubs on free basis of students.

  15. Characteristics of Chinese National Traditional Sports Culture Brand%中国民族传统体育文化品牌特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴丽珺

    2016-01-01

    To create the vitality and creativity of the Chinese national traditional sports culture brand, need to be based on induction, explore the rise and development of national traditional sports culture,fully aware of its brand diversity, morality, public and inclusive features, the integration of reconstruction with Chinese characteristic na-tional culture brand, so as to improve the traditional sports culture brand of social and cultural functions, meet the national cultural identity and moral and aesthetic needs, and ultimately enhance the Chinese national traditional sports culture brand competitiveness.%打造具有生命力和创造力的中华民族传统体育文化品牌,需要立足于发掘、归纳、提高和升华民族传统体育文化之上,充分认识其品牌的一体多元化、泛道德性、公共性和包容性等特征,整合重建出具有中国特色的民族文化品牌,从而提高民族传统体育文化品牌的社会文化功能,满足民族的文化认同及道德和审美的需要,最终提升中国民族传统体育文化品牌的竞争力。

  16. Emergency Response and Humanitarian Assistance Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-01

    Humanitarian Assistance Operations Op Food DSTr I Support food distribution with U.S. ARMY / WFP - 03 to 18Fev2010 15 Dias 637,5 Ton de alimentos ...distribution by WFP – 10 a 18Mar2010 – 21 a 28Mar2010 1.723 Ton de Alimentos em 30 Dias Humanitarian Assistance Operations Op Food DSTr II Supporting food...distribution by WFP – 10 a 18Mar2010 8 Dias 420 Ton de alimentos Humanitarian Assistance Operations Op Food DSTr III Supporting food distribution by

  17. A Cross-Cultural Comparison of the Transition out of Elite Sport

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Küttel, Andreas

    that athletes from the three countries differed in their precondition for the transitions, their adaptation difficulties, and their life/job situation after the sports career. Different educational levels and work experience at the end of the sports career indicated that athletes receive diverse support...... career approaches, and the availability of career assistance programs). The research project is based on two sets of empirical material: (a) a survey with former Swiss, Danish, and Polish elite athletes from various sports; and (b) semi-structured interviews with experts working with elite athletes...... and dual career programs in each of the three countries. On the basis of a modified version of the framework developed by Stambulova, Stephan, and Jäphag (2007), which combines previous transition models with the ecological perspective of human development (Bronfenbrenner, 1979), analyses revealed...

  18. Fear of Failure in Sport: A Portuguese Cross-cultural Adaptation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Correia

    Full Text Available Abstract The Performance Failure Appraisal Inventory (PFAI is a multidimensional measure of threat appraisals associated with one's fear of failure. Whilst emerging research has supported the validity and reliability of the PFAI with North American and British sport participants, its psychometric proprieties remain untested within Portuguese samples. This study examined the psychometric proprieties of the PFAI with a sample of 556 Portuguese athletes. A confirmatory factor analysis was employed to test whether the proposed multi-factorial structure of the PFAI fits well the Portuguese data.All factors displayed good internal consistency, convergent validity, and discriminant validity. Multi-group analysis revealed cross-validity and the models' invariance. The correlations between fear of failure and sport anxiety measures revealed evidence of its concurrent validity. The PFAIappears to be a psychometrically sound measure anda valid and reliable tool for assessing fear of failure in Portuguese sport contexts.

  19. 'The deserving': Moral reasoning and ideological dilemmas in public responses to humanitarian communications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seu, Irene Bruna

    2016-12-01

    This study investigates everyday moral reasoning in relation to donations and prosocial behaviour in a humanitarian context. The discursive analysis focuses on the principles of deservingness which members of the public use to decide who to help and under what conditions. The study discusses three repertoires of deservingness - 'seeing a difference', 'waiting in queues', and 'something for nothing' - to illustrate participants' dilemmatic reasoning and to examine how the position of 'being deserving' is negotiated in humanitarian crises. Discursive analyses of these dilemmatic repertoires of deservingness identify the cultural and ideological resources behind these constructions and show how humanitarianism intersects and clashes with other ideologies and value systems. The data suggest that a neoliberal ideology, which endorses self-gratification, materialistic and individualistic ethics, and cultural assimilation of helper and receiver play important roles in decisions about humanitarian helping. The study argues for the need for psychological research to engage more actively with the dilemmas involved in the moral reasoning related to humanitarianism and to contextualize decisions about giving and helping within the sociocultural and ideological landscape in which the helper operates.

  20. Major international sport profiles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patel, Dilip R; Stier, Bernhard; Luckstead, Eugene F

    2002-08-01

    Sports are part of the sociocultural fabric of all countries. Although different sports have their origins in different countries, many sports are now played worldwide. International sporting events bring athletes of many cultures together and provide the opportunity not only for athletic competition but also for sociocultural exchange and understanding among people. This article reviews five major sports with international appeal and participation: cricket, martial arts, field hockey, soccer, and tennis. For each sport, the major aspects of physiological and biomechanical demands, injuries, and prevention strategies are reviewed.

  1. From great sports nation to the sports powerful cultural country%竞技体育大国的崛起与体育文化强国的再造

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄滨; 刘元国; 许传洲

    2013-01-01

    当代中国体育的发展正日益走向繁荣和兴盛的新时代,这个新时代不仅仅体现在奥运会金牌数量等中国竞技体育的强大,同时更体现在中国体育文化在全世界的话语权。在借鉴已有研究成果的基础上,运用文献、逻辑分析、专家访谈等研究方法,对中国竞技体育大国崛起之路进行了认真的梳理,力求通过体育文化、文化自信和文化自觉的阐述,重新审视中国体育价值观迷失的原因所在。认为中国体育文化强国的发展是要寻求一种动态的文化生态平衡,既要保持中国传统体育文化以一种崭新的姿态面向世界,又要不断的吸收其他国家体育文化的精华;既需要保持对外开放,又需要保持中华民族特色;既要竞技体育全面发展,又要体育文化协调一致。%T he development of contemporary Chinese sports is increasingly more and more prosperous at new era .This new era is not only reflected in the Olympic Games gold quantity of Chinese athletics sports powerful ,but also embodied in the Chinese sports culture discourse power in the world .On the basis of former research ,by the use of literature ,logical analysis ,expert interview s and other re-search methods ,for Chinese competitive sports rise road ,we made careful combing through sports culture ,cultural confidence and cultural consciousness ,explained and re-examined the cause of Chi-nese lost sports values .We think that the cultural ecological balance development of Chinese sports culture power should be dynamic to keep the Chinese traditional sports culture in the world with a new attitude ,to absorb the essence of other national sports culture and constantly maintain both the opening to the outside world and characteristics of Chinese people .It is not only the development of competitive sports ,but also harmony of sports culture .

  2. The experience and effect of team sport in a migrant culture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ryom, Knud

    . A multidisciplinary approach was applied using theory from a community psychology perspective (Kloos et al,2011), adding social capital (Putnam,2000) and psychosocial resilience aspects aiming towards active citizenship. The football activity was organized by a local sports club as part of a two-year intervention (6...... (Hatzigeorgiadis et al,2013). The overall aim was to develop life-skills and social resilience by being part of a team sport. Furthermore, the goal was to enhance social capability and to increase the possibilities for acting actively and responsibly in one’s own life and in the local community...

  3. Cross-cultural validity and measurement invariance of the Organizational Stressor Indicator for Sport Performers (OSI-SP) across three countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnold, R; Ponnusamy, V; Zhang, C-Q; Gucciardi, D F

    2017-08-01

    Organizational stressors are a universal phenomenon which can be particularly prevalent and problematic for sport performers. In view of their global existence, it is surprising that no studies have examined cross-cultural differences in organizational stressors. One explanation for this is that the Organizational Stressor Indicator for Sport Performers (OSI-SP; Arnold, Fletcher, & Daniels, 2013), which can comprehensively measure the organizational pressures that sport performers have encountered, has not yet been translated from English into any other languages nor scrutinized cross-culturally. The first purpose of this study, therefore, was to examine the cross-cultural validity of the OSI-SP. In addition, the study aimed to test the equivalence of the OSI-SP's factor structure across cultures. British (n = 379), Chinese (n = 335), and Malaysian (n = 444) sport performers completed the OSI-SP. Confirmatory factor analyses confirmed the cross-cultural validity of the factorial model for the British and Malaysian samples; however, the overall model fit for the Chinese data did not meet all guideline values. Support was provided for the equality of factor loadings, variances, and covariances on the OSI-SP across the British and Malaysian cultures. These findings advance knowledge and understanding on the cross-cultural existence, conceptualization, and operationalization of organizational stressors. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  4. 75 FR 63247 - Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs (ECA) Request for Grant Proposals: Sports Youth...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-14

    ... between the people of the partner countries and the United States; Learn more about U.S. society and... majority of the Sports Visitors will be non-English language speakers with little prior experience in the... program.'' The actions of recipient organizations shall be ``imputed to the sponsor in evaluating the...

  5. Socio-Cultural Influences in Eating Disorders: Focus on Sports/Fitness Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moriarty, Dick; Moriarty, Mary

    This report notes that eating disorders are frequently described as a diet and fitness program gone wild. It outlines and describes five sociocultural influences which have been identified for eating disorders: (1) emphasis on thinness; (2) glorification of youth; (3) changing roles of women; (4) emphasis on fitness and sport programs; and (5) the…

  6. The Culture of Deep Learning in eSports: An Insider's Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Canning, Steven; Betrus, Anthony

    2017-01-01

    This article is written in the first-person, from the perspective of Steven Canning, a SUNY Potsdam instructor of educational technology and part-time professional gamer, with contributions from Anthony Betrus, Professor of Educational Technology at SUNY Potsdam. The author delves deeply into the world of professional online gaming, or eSports,…

  7. The United States Military and Humanitarian Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    1995-01-01

    stated that, "The wave of the future will be putting together task forces that will be able to respond to crisis management or humanitarian...examine three options for the military’s role in humanitaria operations at home and abroad. Option 1: Virtually Eliminate Anv Military Role This is the...humanitarian aid in almost any crisis .36 The military resists the creation of specially designated units because such specialization reduces the

  8. Medical humanitarianism: anthropologists speak out on policy and practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abramowitz, Sharon; Marten, Meredith; Panter-Brick, Catherine

    2015-03-01

    In recent years, anthropologists have become increasingly present in medical humanitarian situations as scholars, consultants, and humanitarian practitioners and have acquired insight into medical humanitarian policy and practice. In 2012, we implemented a poll on anthropology, health, and humanitarian practice in which 75 anthropologists discussed their experiences in medical humanitarianism. Our goal was to move beyond the existing anarchy of individual voices in anthropological writing and gain an aggregate view of the perspective of anthropologists working in medical humanitarian contexts. Responses lead to six inductively derived thematic priorities. The findings illustrate how anthropologists perceive medical humanitarian practice; which aspects of medical humanitarianism should be seen as priorities for anthropological research; and how anthropologists use ethnography in humanitarian contexts.

  9. Aesthetic culture of an individual who engages in sports activities in the third millennium: philosophic and religious basis of relationships.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Feuerman V.V.

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with a pressing issue of modernity - searching for ways of increasing the level of morality and aesthetic culture of an individual. The third millennium makes certain demands on an individual's harmonious development. The article presents an analysis of publications and specialized literary sources dealing with the formation of moral values. The formation of a person's individuality involves an adaptation of a system of humanistic values. Under the influence of humanistic values, the universal human values turn into the highest psychic functions of an individual. It was determined through pedagogical observations and personal conversations (interviews that the general cultural level of sportsmen who have made highest achievements in sports is swiftly descending.

  10. Humanitarian response: improving logistics to save lives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCoy, Jessica

    2008-01-01

    Each year, millions of people worldwide are affected by disasters, underscoring the importance of effective relief efforts. Many highly visible disaster responses have been inefficient and ineffective. Humanitarian agencies typically play a key role in disaster response (eg, procuring and distributing relief items to an affected population, assisting with evacuation, providing healthcare, assisting in the development of long-term shelter), and thus their efficiency is critical for a successful disaster response. The field of disaster and emergency response modeling is well established, but the application of such techniques to humanitarian logistics is relatively recent. This article surveys models of humanitarian response logistics and identifies promising opportunities for future work. Existing models analyze a variety of preparation and response decisions (eg, warehouse location and the distribution of relief supplies), consider both natural and manmade disasters, and typically seek to minimize cost or unmet demand. Opportunities to enhance the logistics of humanitarian response include the adaptation of models developed for general disaster response; the use of existing models, techniques, and insights from the literature on commercial supply chain management; the development of working partnerships between humanitarian aid organizations and private companies with expertise in logistics; and the consideration of behavioral factors relevant to a response. Implementable, realistic models that support the logistics of humanitarian relief can improve the preparation for and the response to disasters, which in turn can save lives.

  11. On the lnheritance and Development of National Sports Culture%论民族体育文化的继承与发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李瑞卿

    2015-01-01

    Chinese national sports culture is the derived product of agricultural culture, is a kind of cultural form which advocates the spirit of the people's inner temperament and accomplishment. The current era globalization development has significant impact on national sports culture in China, the national sports culture in the era of development of China, has a relatively rapid development, but the road is relatively long, therefore, it is necessary for us to further explore the future of the national sports culture inheritance and development in China.%我国民族体育文化是农业文化所衍生的产物,是以崇尚人的内在气质、精神修养为其价值取向的一种文化形态。当前全球化的时代发展对我国民族体育文化产生显著的影响,我国民族体育文化在这一时代发展背景下获得了较为快速的发展,但是其道路还较为漫长,因而,我们有必要进一步探讨未来我国民族体育文化的继承与发展之趋向。

  12. 数字媒体技术时代的体育文化表征研究%Digital media technology era of sports culture research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩惠; 宋亮; 高俊

    2015-01-01

    数字化时代,数字媒体技术下的体育文化由摄影图像文化表征向电子(数字)图像文化表征转变,在实现其文化内涵不断提升的同时,也进一步提升了竞争实力。数字媒体技术通过将不同类型的文化融于体育文化的发展之中,以电子(数字)图像的表征,用数字化的视觉感知体育文化。在推动数字体育文化表征内容的多文化组合、表征媒介的多载体选择和表征传播的多路径发展的同时,通过“传受合一”的传播模式、“本质回归”的传播体系和“精神生命”的传播延伸,在实现文化内涵不断提升的同时,彰显数字体育文化的竞争力。从发展具有中国特色的数字化体育文化产品、打造具有国际知名的数字体育文化载体和开发具有自主知识产权的数字体育文化传播技术为目标,提出我国体育文化与数字媒体技术融合发展的对策,为推动我国体育文化的创新提供参考。%The digital era , digital media technology under sports culture by the photographic image culture characterization to electronic ( digital ) image culture change , in the realization of its cultural connotation up-grade at the same time , but also further enhance the competitive strength .Digital media technology through different types of culture into the development of the sports culture , electronic ( digital ) image characteriza-tion, with digital visual perception of sports culture .In the promotion of digital sports culture content mixture of cultures , characterization of multiple carrier medium selection and characterization of propagation path of development at the same time , in order to“pass by the syncretic” transmission mode ,“nature” and“spiritual life” communication system communication extension , in the realization of cultural connotation of continuous improvement at the same time , display digital sports cultural competitiveness .From

  13. Distance breached or distance transformed? Dilemmas of simulated and banal closeness in humanitarian communication

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bajde, Domen; Knudsen, Gry Høngsmark

    an unprecedented closeness (i.e., erasure of distance) between actors, institutions and causes. On the other hand, new media have been argued to contribute to a narcissistic culture (Chouliaraki 2012), beleaguered with “improper distance” (Silverstone 2006, Chouliaraki 2011). Our examination of two cases...... of networked humanitarianism (the global case of Kiva.org and the more local case of Kirkens Korshær) shows that networked technology does not erode distance between humanitarian actors, but rather reformats it into simulated closeness (Kiva) or banal closeness (KK), thus giving rise to several dilemmas...

  14. The Humanitarian Action Qualifications Framework : A Quality Assurance Tool for the Humanitarian Sector

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aardema, Bastiaan; Churruca Muguruza, Cristina

    2014-01-01

    The article presents the European Universities on Professionalisation on Humanitarian Action (EUPRHA) Project as an initiative that seeks to contribute to the professionalisation and quality assurance of the humanitarian sector. Its purpose is to explain the approach and the process leading to the d

  15. Influence of physical culture and sports on health status of pupils of industrial city

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kapranov S.V.

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim was to study in the city with large enterprises of ferrous metallurgy and coke health of schoolchildren under the influence of physical education and sports. The research of blood pressure and heart rate (HR were 295 pupils aged 15-17 years, 390 - anthropometric study of body length, body weight, chest circumference and head, while the 584 teenagers - the prevalence of dental caries. HR assessment is made by comparing with the age norms, and indicators of physical development of pupils - centile method. It is shown that under the influence of employment morning gymnastics school students marked normalization of their heart rate. Waiver of physical exercise leads to a decrease in students in body length and circumference of the chest. Classes in morning exercises and sports are the factors antirisk caries among high school students. Proposed preventive recommendations.

  16. 文化保守主义思潮与中西体育之争的文化思考%Cultural Reflection of Cultural Conservatism and Sino-western Sports Vontroversy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐华

    2012-01-01

    Since modem times, the communication between Chinese and western sports, mixing and conflicts have always close relations with modern Chinese society. But the cultural conservatism complex existed in different periods of modern Chinese society has been play an important guiding role in leading the development of sports in China. Cultural conservatism has the important meaning in correcting the western sports excessive dilation and expansion, in carrying forward the national sports culture, and keeping the world sports culture diversity. Meanwhile, due to that cultural conservatism itself has the cultural logic, it makes Chinese and western sports cultural exchange appear nationalism and cultural anxiety conditions.%近代以来,中西体育之间的交流、融合与冲突始终与近代中国社会所处的情景有着紧密的关系。而近代中国社会中所存在的文化保守主义情结在不同时期内一直对中国体育的发展起着重要的引导作用。文化保守主义在纠正西方体育的过度膨胀与扩张、弘扬民族体育文化、保持世界体育文化多样性等方面具有重要意义。但同时需要注意的是,由于文化保守主义自身所具有的文化逻辑,使得中西体育文化交流中会出现民族主义和文化焦虑的状况。

  17. Sports Events and Shanghai Urban Cultural Construction%体育赛事与上海城市文化建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李有强

    2012-01-01

    在对城市文化概念辨析的基础上,对体育赛事与城市文化进行了历史回顾,分析了体育赛事与城市文化结构、与上海城市文化环境建设之间的关系,并结合上海建设国际知名体育城市的战略,探讨体育赛事如何在上海城市文化建设中发挥更大的助推作用。%On the basis of analyzing the concept of urban culture,the article makes a historical review of sports events and urban culture.It analyzes the relations between sports events and urban cultural composi-tion and Shanghai urban cultural environment construction.In line with the strategy of building Shanghai into a world-renowned sports metropolis,the article discusses how to enhance the role of sports events in supporting Shanghai urban cultural construction.

  18. 基于90后大学生体育文化需求的高校体育文化发展特征与路径构建%The Characteristics of College Sports Culture Development and the Path Construction Based on the Post-90 College Students’Needs of Sports Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵厦

    2014-01-01

    By using research methods of questionnaire investigation, interview, literature, logic analysis, etc., and from the clear connotation of university sports culture and its relationship with college students’needs of sports culture, the author of this paper thinks that the post-90 students’needs of the sports culture reflect the fact that the core values of their needs are converted to the health of body and mind, that the mainstream trend of their needs is their craze for exotic culture, that their participation methods are in line with consumption culture and that their needs’information way highlights the application of the new media technology. The author also finds out that the current development characteristics of college sports culture are indicative of the intrinsic alienation of sports culture value, the self-loss of sports culture, the lagging consumption market of sports culture, and the poor information of sports culture. Besides, the paper points out the construction path for the current innovation of college sports culture.%运用问卷调查、访问调查、文献资料、逻辑分析等研究方法,从明晰高校体育文化内涵及其与大学生体育文化需求的关系入手,认为90后大学生的体育文化需求表现为需求的核心价值正在向“身心健康”转变、需求的主流趋势是对外来文化的风靡、需求的参与方式呈现与消费文化的接轨、需求的信息途径凸显新媒体技术的运用;当前高校体育文化发展特征表现为体育文化价值观念本质异化、体育文化的“自我迷失”、体育文化消费市场滞后、体育文化信息不畅;指出了当前高校体育文化创新构建的路径。

  19. 体育舞蹈文化的审美特征与价值取向%The Aesthetic Characteristics and the Value Orientation of Sports Dance Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    司丽艳

    2013-01-01

    We explored the aesthetic characteristics and the value orientation of sports dance culture from the aspects of the connotation,the cultural origination and the classifications,in order to promote various kinds of value orientation,spread the sports dance culture in our country,and bring in different kinds of contents to study our social substantial and cultural life. Meanwhile,the sports dance culture construction work in universities or colleges was extended in this article. Combining with the development and publicity,we analyzed and summarized the aesthetic characteristics and the value orientation of the sports dance culture. And we also promoted some reasonable suggestions to enhance the sports dance culture by cultivating aesthetics and forming the values.%从体育舞蹈内涵、文化起源、分类等方面,来探讨了体育舞蹈文化的审美特征与价值取向。为人们的生活提供多种价值取向,在国内将体育舞蹈传播开来,为社会物质文化生活带来丰富的研究内容。引申出我国高校体育舞蹈文化建设工作,结合当前我国体育舞蹈文化事业的开展与宣传情况,对体育舞蹈文化审美特征与价值取向作了分析与总结,对增强体育舞蹈文化在审美培养和价值观念形成等方面提出合理的建议。

  20. A Técnica Esportiva como Construção Cultural: implicações para a pedagogia do esporte Sport Technique as a Cultural Construction: Implications to Sport Pedagogy La técnica deportiva como construcción cultural: implicaciones hacia la pedagogía del deporte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available

    O texto discute a técnica esportiva a partir de alguns referenciais das ciências sociais e humanas, fazendo um contraponto ao conceito tradicional de técnica utilizado pela área de Educação Física e Esporte, cuja base teórica é composta primordialmente por contribuições das ciências da natureza. Considerando a técnica como o conjunto de modos de fazer e a tática como as razões do fazer, o texto trata das implicações para a pedagogia do esporte, propondo o ensino da cultura esportiva de forma mais democrática, singular e autoral, respeitando as especificidades culturais e as constantes ressignificações do esporte.

    PALAVRAS-CHAVE: esporte - cultura esportiva - pedagogia do esporte - técnica esportiva

    This text discusses technique in sport based on references from the social and human sciences and it questions the traditional concept of technique used in the field of physical education and sports, which is taken primarily from contributions of the natural sciences. By considering technique as a set of procedures to do something, and tactics as the reasons for doing something, the text discusses its possible implications for sport pedagogy and argues for a teaching of sport culture that is more democratic, singular, and authoral, with a respect for cultural specificities and for the constant resignifications of sports.


    Keywords: sportsport culturesport pedagogy – sport technique.

    El texto discute la técnica deportiva partiendo de algunos referenciales de las ciencias sociales y humanas, y hace un contrapunto al concepto tradicional de técnica utilizado por el área de Educación Física y Deporte, cuya base teórica se compone primordialmente por contribuciones de las ciencias naturales. Considerando la técnica como el conjunto de maneras de hacer, y la táctica como las razones de hacer, el texto trata de las implicaciones para la pedagogía deportiva, y propone la ense

  1. Sports advertising language choice strategy from the perspective of culture%文化视角下我国体育广告语言选择策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋晓霞

    2012-01-01

    体育广告作为文化传播的重要介质,其广告语言所传递的价值理念对社会有着深远的意义。通过实际收集到的体育广告语言文本,分析文化视角下体育广告语言的选择策略及其深层原因,探讨体育广告语言创作的文化发展趋势。%Sports advertisement is the important media of the cultural dissemination. Advertising language transfers profound concept to society. Through the actual collection of sports advertising language text, the article analyzes its language choice strategy and the deep reasons, and discusses the sports culture development trend in advertising language.

  2. CERN innovators tackle humanitarian needs

    CERN Multimedia

    Katarina Anthony

    2015-01-01

    At last year's THE Port hackathon, the Better Body Bags team emerged with a new approach to body-bag technology that catered to the needs of humanitarian organisations. What started as a weekend hack has developed into a full-scale R& D project, as the team joins forces with the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) to put their body bags into production.   Ricardo Páramo Peláez, the team's product designer, presented the first prototype at THE Port Hackathon 2014. The "body" is his fellow team mate, João Cordovil Bárcia. A typical body bag is essentially a long plastic bag with handles: it breaks, leaks, smells and isn't cheap. “Little thought had gone into using new technology to improve the bags,” says Tim Head, an LHCb physicist who is leading the Better Body Bags team. “Simple improvements can keep bodies in better condition, thus improving the identification ...

  3. 76 FR 33395 - 30-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collections: ECA Sports & Culture Evaluation Surveys

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-08

    ... and Cultural Affairs, Office of Policy and Evaluation, Evaluation Division (ECA/P/ V). Form Number...: Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs, Office of Policy and Evaluation, Evaluation Division (ECA/P...: New Collection. Originating Office: Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs, Office of Policy and...

  4. Increasing efficiency of humanitarian organizations with volunteer driven information products

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meesters, Kenny; van de Walle, B.A.

    Emerging technologies provide new opportunities to humanitarian organizations for enhancing their response to crisis situations. Since the 2010 Haiti Earthquake, online volunteer communities have been activated to gather data and generate information products to improve humanitarian organizations'

  5. Increasing efficiency of humanitarian organizations with volunteer driven information products

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meesters, Kenny; van de Walle, B.A.

    2014-01-01

    Emerging technologies provide new opportunities to humanitarian organizations for enhancing their response to crisis situations. Since the 2010 Haiti Earthquake, online volunteer communities have been activated to gather data and generate information products to improve humanitarian organizations' s

  6. Challenges of collective humanitarian response in Sri Lanka

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Firzan Hashim

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Grappling with how to respond to both conflict and tsunami-induced displacement, Sri Lanka is an ideal testing groundfor the principles of humanitarian partnership which areat the heart of the Global Humanitarian Platform (GHP.

  7. Legal basis for unilateral humanitarian intervention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vlajnić Jelena M.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, the author examines whether there is a legal basis for unilateral humanitarian intervention in contemporary international law. The legality of unilateral humanitarian intervention will be examined from two perspectives, from the point of Treaty International Law and Customary International Law, since these are two main sources of international law. The author first deals with some general issues, such as the historical development of the concept, the concept and elements of the concept of humanitarian intervention. Then the UN Charter and certain international documents will be analyzed, in order to determine whether there is a legal basis for unilateral intervention in Treaty Law. The starting point of the analysis will be the norm prohibiting the use of force contained in the Article 2(4 of the Charter, and will be presented arguments in favor and against the extensive interpretation of this norm by some theorists. After that, the provisions of certain international documents, for which it is believed in the theory that can serve as a legal basis for humanitarian intervention, will be analyzed. Finally, the state practice will be examined in order to determine the veracity of the claim that the right to humanitarian intervention belongs to a body of rules of customary law. Since the elements of customary rule are practice and opinio juris, state practice will be explored from the standpoint of both of these elements.

  8. 基于共生理论的高校体育文化%College Sports Culture Based on Symbiosis Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈欢

    2012-01-01

    基于共生理论,通过对高校体育文化的共生单元、模式、环境的论述,阐释高校体育文化的共生现象,分析高校体育文化存在的现实困境,为打破体育文化在高校的局限壁垒,如何加强高校体育文化的实践与创新,加深对高校体育文化的认知,进一步推进高校体育文化的建设提供相应的理论依据。%Based on the symbiosis theory,this article illustrates the symbiosis phenomenon of sports culture in colleges and universities by elaborating symbiotic unit,mode and environment,and analyzes the realistic dilemmas existed in sports culture,so as to provide corresponding theoretical basis for breaking through the limits and barriers in sports culture,improving the practice and innovation,enhancing cognition to and further pushing forward the establishment of sports culture in colleges and universities.

  9. Analysis on Development of Chinese Sports Film Culture Analysis%中国体育电影文化发展探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    屈雯喆

    2014-01-01

    Through using the method of literature review , interview, comparative analysis and logical analysis , this paper makes historical review on the development and influence of Chinese sports film culture in the 20th century, explores the Chinese sports film facing the transition of the social background and cultural value after entering the 21st century, according to the social development of the new century environment , finds out problems and factors restricting Chinese sports film culture development , and puts forward the corresponding suggestions for the prosperous development of Chinese sports film culture .%采用文献法、访谈法、比较分析法、逻辑分析法,对20世纪中国体育电影文化的发展和影响进行历史性的回顾,分析探讨中国体育电影在进入21世纪后所面临的社会背景与文化价值的转变,同时针对新世纪的社会发展环境,找出目前制约中国体育电影文化发展的问题及因素,并为中国体育电影文化的繁荣发展提出相应建议。

  10. Preparing Teachers for Diversity: The Role of Initial Teacher Education. Annex 1 to the Final Report to DG Education, Youth, Sport and Culture of the European Commission

    Science.gov (United States)

    European Commission, 2017

    2017-01-01

    This document, "Annex 1 to the Final Report to DG Education, Youth, Sport and Culture of the European Commission" is intended as a companion piece to European Commission report "Preparing Teachers for Diversity: The Role of Initial Teacher Education. Final Report". It contains country fiches which are overviews of available…

  11. Sports Season, Sports Bars

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ For foreigners in Beijing, the sports bar is a special place, a place to gather for watching matches and a place to feel the familiarity of home, while for some sports enthusiasts it serves as their second home.

  12. Radiosensitivity of the in vitro cultured young plants for sport mutation induction of stevia rebaudiana bert

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoon, Tai Young; Kim, Ee Youb; Hyun, Kyung Sup; Jo, Han Jig; Lee, Young Il; Ju, Sun Ah; Oh, Seung Cheol [Korea Stevia Research Institute, Jeongeup (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Dong Sub; Kang, Si Yong [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Jeongeup (Korea, Republic of); Ko, Jeong Ae [Chonbuk National University, Jeonju (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-12-15

    Due to the increasing incidence of diabetes, obesity and hypertensive, stevia has been placed great attentions as the sweetener to substitute sucrose in the world. Stevia was introduced to Korea in 1970's, but it has not been an attractive crop in that time. However, recently it has more attention for the natural food sweet additives. Because stevia have many problems for cultivation especially cultivar, seed germination, fertility, uniformity and glycoside quality, the sport mutation was attempted to in vitro plants for the improvement of some characteristics. The young in vitro plants was nursed on MS medium supplemented with 1 mg 1{sup -1} GA{sub 3}. Shoots of 10 cm height were irradiated with 0 {approx} 200 Gy of gamma ray and the every node was separated and inoculated on MS basic medium. The lethality, number and length of shoot, numbers of node and branch were investigated for the evaluation of radiosensitivity. The optimum dose of gamma ray seemed to be around 80 Gy for the sport mutation induction in stevia. The lower node was more sensitive than higher node to radiation.

  13. 黔南民俗体育文化心态及特征%The Culture Psychology Characteristic about Folk Custom Sports in Qiannan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张兴奇; 张曼婕

    2012-01-01

    According to ancient books, localethnography, research literatureand fieldwork, the paper has analyzed the culture of folk custom sports in Qiannan from cultural sociological and cultural psychological angle. Conclusion : the culture of folk custom sports in Qiannan includes four cultural types such as the sacrifice cultural type, the agricuhure cultural type, the festival cultural type and the entertainment cultural type, and possessed different culture psychological characteristics such as taking ethic seriously and tournament lightly, taking group seriously and individual lightly, three - position of God, person and self entertaiment.%运用查阅文献和田野调查等研究方法,从文化社会学和文化心理学等学科视域研究黔南民俗体育文化。研究发现,黔南民俗体育文化存在祭祀文化心态、农业文化心态、节庆文化心态和娱乐文化心态等4种文化类型,并有重伦理轻竞技、重群体轻个人、娱神娱人娱己三维并重等文化特征。

  14. Celebrity Humanitarianism and North-South Relations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Discussion over celebrity engagement is often limited to theoretical critique or normative name-calling, without much grounded research into what it is that celebrities are doing, the same or differently throughout the world. Crucially, little attention has been paid to the Global South, either...... as a place where celebrities intervene into existing politics and social processes, or as the generator of Southern celebrities engaged in ‘do-gooding’. This book examines what the diverse roster of celebrity humanitarians are actually doing in and across North and South contexts. Celebrity humanitarianism...... is an effective lens for viewing the multiple and diverse relationships that constitute the links between North and South. New empirical findings on celebrity humanitarianism on the ground in Thailand, Malawi, Bangladesh, South Africa, China, Haiti, Congo, US, Denmark and Australia illustrate the impact...

  15. La cultura en juego: el deporte en la sociedad moderna y post-moderna The culture at play: sport in modern and post-modern society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Capretti

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available El deporte constituye hoy un fenómeno universal de singular complejidad e importancia. En los últimos años las ciencias sociales han llegado a considerarlo hasta como metáfora de la sociedad entera. El propósito de este artículo es la búsqueda de nuevos recursos analíticos en la comprensión de los muchos escenarios que toma el deporte, tanto en la sociedad moderna como post-moderna. Se muestra la relación entre deporte y cultura para comprender cómo el deporte refleja los más amplios procesos sociales y cómo contribuye, a la vez, a modificarlos. La tesis central es que el deporte, en todas su manifestaciones, pone en marcha una dinámica en la cual las dimensiones micro y macro de lo social se compenetran en una práctica cultural llena de significados, cuyo estudio permite entender aspectos importantes de la sociedad.Nowadays sport represents a phenomenon of singular importance and complexity. In the last years, the social sciences have been looking at sport as a metaphor for the entire society. The aim of this article is to find new analytical tools to better comprehend the diverse scenarios that sport is taking under itself both in the modern and postmodern society. The article shows the relation between sport and culture in order to understand how sport reflects a wide range of social processes and how, at the same time, it contributes to modify them. The central thesis is that sport, in all its aspects, starts a dynamic in which the macro and micro social dimensions co-penetrate each other in a full of meaning cultural practice. Its study allows us to understand important aspects of society.

  16. 异文化:运动心理学发展的另类解读%Alien Culture:A Different Interpretation of Development of Sports Psychology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李军

    2015-01-01

    With the method of literature,the paper interprets eastern and western culture from ’alien’perspective as well as the development path of sports psychology.By unearthing the value in alien culture,heart beats of sports psychology of local culture is strengthened.The main conclusion the paper draws is:different culture is the root to create alienation of psychology especially sports psychology;difference in culture also serves as the inexhaustible motive force for subject development.Therefore,we have to respect differences and develop local psychology;seek common ground while reserving differences to establish common cultural identity;pursue continuous innovation and development to construct discipline system of sports psychology of our own,and enhance local culture heart sounds.%本文采用文献资料法,从“异”的视角来解读东西方文化,解读运动心理学发展路径,并从中挖掘异文化存在的价值,以增强本土文化心理学的心音。主要结论:不同文化是造就心理学尤其是运动心理学异化的本质根源;文化的不同也是推动学科发展的不竭动力。因此,我们要尊重差异,发展本土心理学;求大同存小异,建立普遍的文化认同,并且要不断创新与发展,建立属于自己的运动心理学科体系,增强本土文化的心音。

  17. 社会转型中农村体育文化的非均衡发展研究%A study on unbalanced development of rural sports culture under social transformation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘梅英; 王风仙

    2012-01-01

    As a developing country, China has to face many defects in its developing of rural sport. Hence an unbalanced way was chosen, namely material sport culture superior to spiritual sport culture; holiday sport culture superior to daily sport culture; competitive sport culture superior 'to mass sport culture; modem sport culture superior to traditional sport culture. In this way, China has dramatically improved rural sport. But with the series of changing in rural area, rural residents have shown their eagerness for spiritual, daily, and traditional sport culture. It can be forecasted that rural sport culture has to be guided under unbalanced development theory in a long period, at culture should also be changed in order the same time, the government's values on rural sport to achieve a harmonious state.%中国是一个后发展国家,农村体育文化由于受制于基础差、底子薄、欠债多等因素,选择了物质体育文化优先于精神体育文化、节日体育文化优先于日常体育文化、竞技体育文化优先于群众体育文化、现代体育文化优先于传统体育文化的非均衡性发展道路,这极大提高了农村体育文化发展水平。然而,随着农村生产方式、生活方式和精神价值的变革,农村居民对精神体育文化、日常体育文化和传统体育文化的青睐日益明显。因此,未来农村体育文化应以非均衡发展理论为指导,转变农村体育文化发展观,努力实现农村体育文化和谐发展。

  18. 体育非物质文化遗产研究进展%The Progress of Research on Intangible Cultural Heritage of Sports

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俎浩; 曲天敏

    2014-01-01

    With the prosperity and development of Chinese culture , the protection of intangible cultural heritage is becoming particularly important .In order to compare , analyze and summarize the researches during 2003-2013 on the matter of “Sports intangible cultural heritage”, various researching techniques has been used in this paper , such as mathematical statistics analysis method , literature analyzing, etc..Current studies on this subject are mainly from the aspects of protection and inheritance , regional studies , case studies , successors studies , legal pro-tection studies , campus heritage studies , media studies , sociologically study and researches relating to the new ru-ral construction, etc.In this paper, several ways of developing and protecting the sports intangible cultural heritage have been raised , such as suggesting by the help of mass media in raising public awareness on protecting the sports intangible culture heritage; bringing sports intangible cultural heritage into school physical education and by this means deepen the inheriting and protection of Chinese sports intangible cultural heritage ;and industrializing this to the extant such as the exploration of sports tourism industry and so on .%在文化大繁荣、大发展的背景下,对于非物质文化遗产的保护显得尤为重要。通过文献法,数理统计法,对2003-2013年我国发表的关于“体育非物质文化遗产”的文献进行归纳、分析、总结。认为目前我国体育非物质文化遗产研究主要从保护与传承研究、区域性研究、个案研究、传承人、法律保护、校园传承、传媒研究、社会学研究以及新农村建设方面的研究。并提出了借助媒介传播方式来提升公众自觉保护体育非物质文化遗产;从学校的教育中来深化保护我国体育非物质文化遗产;把体育非物质文化遗产产业化,引入到体育旅游开发,从而更好地保护

  19. The Bottleneck and Solution of Chinese Folk Sports Culture Development%我国民俗体育文化发展瓶颈与解决策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何丽琴

    2014-01-01

    Sports is one of the traditional project activities in China for thousands of years , its historical position and function are very important .The folk sports culture in sports , its development status is not optimistic .A lot of people without a conscious of protecting and inheriting the attitude to the sports culture , together with the relevant laws and regulations on state is not perfect , caused by a considerable impact on the development of these cultural . Many business Companies take folk sports culture to increase their business economic benefits of gimmicks , only pay attention to the value of economy , ignoring its cultural value and cultural value .To solve these problems , we must formulate relevant policies to protect the folk sports culture .%体育运动是我国几千年来的传统活动项目之一,其历史地位和作用都非常重要。而对于体育中的民俗体育文化来讲,其发展现状不容乐观。很多民众对于这种体育文化没有一种自觉的保护和传承的态度,再加上国家的相关法律法规也不完善,导致了这些文化的发展受到了相当大的影响。很多的商业公司将民俗的体育文化作为增加自己商业经济效益的噱头,只注重挖掘其经济方面的价值,忽视了其文化方面的价值以及人文方面的价值。针对这些问题,我们必须制定相关的政策来保护民俗体育文化。

  20. Team Sports

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... and sports prosthetics, as well as expenses for training and competition. Disabled Sports USA offers nationwide sports programs to anyone with a physical disability. Activities include winter skiing, water sports, summer ...

  1. 以体育舞蹈为途径弘扬闽南文化%Spreading Culture of Southern Fujian province in China by Sports Dance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丽蓉

    2012-01-01

    体育舞蹈作为一种途径传播闽南文化具有一定的可行性,其主要途径如下:将闽南文化中服饰文化及图腾运用在体育舞蹈服饰与配饰中;创作带有闽南风韵的体育舞蹈音乐;将闽南经典传说编撰为体育舞蹈剧目;创编体育舞蹈表演中具备闽南文化色彩的技术动作;探讨在福建省举行的世界性及全国性体育舞蹈比赛中融入具有闽南文化色彩的开、闭幕表演。%It is of some practicability of using dance sport as a tool to spread the culture of the southern Fujian province in China.The paper proposes to apply the clothing culture and totems of Southern Fujian culture to the clothing and ornaments of dance sport,to create the kind of dance sport music imbued with the Southern Fujian culture,to compile dance with the classical stories and to integrate movements featured with Southern Fujian culture in the dance compiling.The paper discusses the issue to integrate the Southern Fujian culture into opening and closing ceremonies in the national and international dance sport competitions which are held in Fujian province.

  2. The construction of College Campus Sports Culture From The Great ports View%大体育观视角下的高校体育文化建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吉丽慧

    2012-01-01

    This article from the great sports view and sports cultur econnotation sets out,with the method of literature as the main research methods,analysis of the current university sports culture construction present situation,and based on the great sports view,puts forward the construction of college sport culture way,thereby further enhancing the humanistic quality of University campus.%本文从大体育观和高校体育文化的内涵出发,以文献资料法为主要研究方法,分析了当前高校体育文化建设现状,并立足大体育观,提出高校体育文化建设的途径,从而进一步提升大学校园的人文素养。

  3. Humanism and Humanitarianism before the Renaissance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weller, Allen S.

    1983-01-01

    The characteristics of the humanism and humanitarianism of the developed Renaissance are revival of classicism, delight in life, experimentalism, individualism, realism, love of beauty, increased secularism, and versatility of gifted individuals. An examination of artistic works created from 1260 to 1310 suggests that these qualities were evident…

  4. Analysis of Humanitarian Assistance Cargo Transportation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-01

    are located in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii; Norfolk, Virginia; Mayport, Florida; Singapore; and Yokosuka, Japan. At its core, PH is a Navy program, funded...Thomas, A., & Kopczak, L. (2005). From logistics to supply chain management: The path forward in the humanitarian sector. Fritz Institute, 15, 1

  5. Humanitarian interventions in Macedonia: an NGO perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Morris

    1999-08-01

    Full Text Available Media coverage of the Kosovo crisis has given the impressionthat UNHCR and the relief agencies were overwhelmed by the influx ofrefugees into Macedonia and that it was highly fortunate that NATO was on hand to save the day. Such is the aftermath of NATO’s large and slickly publicized humanitarian operation. This impression is questionable.

  6. Legal Permissibility of Unilateral Humanitarian Interventions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petra Perisic

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The paper explores the status of unilateral humanitarian interventions in international law. The United Nations Charter prohibits the use of force, except in case of self-defense and the collective action authorized by the Security Council. The question is whether the non-existence of unilateral humanitarian intervention among these exceptions means that they are not in conformity with the Charter and if so, whether the right to such interventions exists as the part of customary law. The issue has become even more controversial after the adoption of the “responsibility to protect” principle. Findings of legal scholars on this issue differ significantly. This paper analyzes and interprets the Charter provisions in order to answer the question of compatibility of humanitarian interventions with the Charter and examines the state practice in order to conclude whether the customary law rule allowing the humanitarian intervention exists. The conclusion of the paper is that there is no evidence to support the contentions that interventions without the Security Council authorization are permissible, although there are elements which point to the possibility of the creation of customary law allowing them.

  7. 消费语境下体育文化符号的社会学意义--运动鞋文化之于大众体育运动的影响%The Sociological Significance of A Sports Culture Symbol Under Consumption Context---The Influence of Sneaker Culture Upon Mass Sports

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜朝辉

    2014-01-01

    本文运用文献研究、问卷调查、随机走访、数理统计与分析法,分析和研究运动鞋文化对于大众体育运动的影响。研究发现,运动鞋文化对于深化大众对体育的认知和认同、培育和催生大众体育新的需求动机、激励和引领大众体育运动参与行为等方面具有重要意义。运动鞋生产商应根据大众文化需求、心理需求和市场需求,研究、设计和生产不同规格、不同品格、不同价格的运动鞋,使运动鞋及其文化人人消费得起、人人乐于消费,让大众体育运动成为每一个人的思想自觉和行为自觉。%Based on literature review ,questionnaire ,random interviews ,mathematical statistics and analysis methods ,this paper has analyzed and studied the influence of sports shoes upon sports culture .The study shows that ,sports shoes culture has positive effects on the deepening of mass sports cognition ,fosters the birth of new identity of mass sports demand motivation ,and is incen‐tive to guide the mass sports participation behaviors .Thus ,sports shoes manufacturers should research ,design and produce sports shoes of different specifications ,characters and prices according to the demand of mass culture ,consumers’ psychology and market so that the sports shoes and cultural is affordable for everyone and everyone is willing to consume ,which make the mass sports be‐come a conscious thought and behavior of each individual .

  8. Editorial: Humanitarian Open Source (December 2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leslie Hawthorn

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, our increasingly connected world has provided us with a greater understanding of the needs of our fellow global citizens. The devastating worldwide impact of natural disasters, disease, and poverty has been raised in our collective awareness and our ability to collectively alleviate this suffering has been brought to the fore. While many of us are familiar with donating our funds to better the lives of those less fortunate than ourselves, it is often easy to overlook a core component of facing these global challenges: information technology. The humanitarian open source movement seeks to ameliorate these sufferings through the creation of IT infrastructure to support a wide array of goals for the public good, such as providing effective healthcare or microloans to the poorest of the poor. Achieving these goals requires a sophisticated set of software and hardware tools, all of which work to save and improve lives in some of the most difficult of situations where the availability of electricity, data, IT knowledge, etc. may be low or lacking altogether. It should come as no surprise that the humanitarian open source domain attracts a great deal of attention from software developers, engineers, and others who find that they are able to both solve intense technical challenges while helping to improve the lives of others. However, to support ongoing humanitarian needs, the communities who produce humanitarian free and open source software (HFOSS and hardware have increasingly identified the need for business models to support their efforts. While the lower cost of using open source software and hardware solutions means that more funds can be directed to aid and comfort those in need, the goodwill of developer communities and the funds of grantees alone cannot grow the ecosystem sufficiently to meet ever-growing global needs. To face these challenges - poverty, global health crises, disaster relief, etc. - humanitarian open source

  9. On the Development Pattern of Modern Sports Culture in Rich Regions%富裕地区体育文化现代化发展模式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王石峰; 许惠玲; 朱婷婷; 罗宝乐; 何杰

    2015-01-01

    文章从马克思主义哲学、文化学、史学、社会学、体育学、经济学等多学科的角度出发,采用文献资料法、逻辑分析法等研究方法,拟构建富裕地区现代化体育文化发展模式,即在我国的富裕地区,强调以发展体育经济水平为中心,体育社团、现代媒体、全民健身、生活方式等作为主要有效载体,来发展学校体育文化、竞技体育文化、群众体育文化、休闲体育文化四位一体的现代化体育文化体系。目的是为我国富裕地区现代化体育文化的发展提供一些理论参考。%From the view of Marx's philosophy, culture, history, sociology, sports science, economics and with the methods of literature, logical analysis, the paper builds the developmental pattern of modern sports culture in rich regions. In the rich area of China, it emphasizes the level of sports economic development as the center and sports associations, modern media, fitness, lifestyle as the effective carriers, the paper aims at constructing the school sports culture, sports culture, mass sports culture and leisure culture as one of the four modern sports culture system. It aims at providing some theoretical references for the development of the modern sports culture in rich regions of China, which has a certain practical significance.

  10. Protection of Traditional Sports Cultural Heritage of National Minority%论我国少数民族传统体育文化遗产保护

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱琳; 刘礼国; 徐烨

    2013-01-01

    Traditional sports cultural heritage of national minority is an important component of intangible cultural heritage ,with the feature of comprehensiveness ,complexity and regionalism . Our country's protection of traditional sports cultural heritage of national minority is incomplete , in particular as it lacks a system of protection .It is necessary to analyze the methods to protect the minority sports cultural heritage as well as put forward specific protection measures .%少数民族传统体育文化遗产是非物质文化遗产的一部分,具有综合性、复杂性、地域性等特点。我国少数民族传统体育文化遗产的保护、传承以及推广等方面的机制不够健全,尤其是未能形成一个综合性保护体系。对少数民族传统体育文化遗产保护的各个方面进行研究,试图以保护原则的确立为基础,提出具体的保护措施。

  11. Protection of Traditional Sports Cultural Heritage of National Minority%论我国少数民族传统体育文化遗产保护

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱琳; 刘礼国; 徐烨

    2014-01-01

    Traditional sports cultural heritage of national minority is an important component of intangible cultural heritage ,with the feature of comprehensiveness ,complexity and regionalism . Our country's protection of traditional sports cultural heritage of national minority is incomplete , in particular as it lacks a system of protection .It is necessary to analyze the methods to protect the minority sports cultural heritage as well as put forward specific protection measures .%少数民族传统体育文化遗产是非物质文化遗产的一部分,具有综合性、复杂性、地域性等特点。我国少数民族传统体育文化遗产的保护、传承以及推广等方面的机制不够健全,尤其是未能形成一个综合性保护体系。对少数民族传统体育文化遗产保护的各个方面进行研究,试图以保护原则的确立为基础,提出具体的保护措施。

  12. Study on the Cultural Characteristics of National Traditional Sports in Jilin Province%吉林省民族传统体育文化特质研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙良; 赵刚

    2012-01-01

    本文通过文献资料法、专家访谈法等研究方法对吉林省民族传统体育的文化特质进行研究.认为吉林省民族传统体育的文化魅力在于运动项目的神秘感、参与活动的民族性、文化信息的综合性等方面,其文化特质主要表现在无性别歧视、风格粗犷豪迈、朴素自然,智慧乐观、风俗并茂,全民参与等方面.%By literature, expert interview and other methods, the cultural characteristics of national traditional sports in Jilin province was discussed. It thinks that the cultural charm of national traditional sports in Jilin province is the mystery of sports events, the nationality of activities, the comprehensiveness of cultural information etc, and its cultural characteristics is mainly presented as no sexism, simple style, national participation and so on.

  13. Cross-Cultural Sex Differences in Post-Conflict Affiliation following Sports Matches.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benenson, Joyce F; Wrangham, Richard W

    2016-08-22

    The nature of ancestral human social structure and the circumstances in which men or women tend to be more cooperative are subjects of intense debate. The male warrior hypothesis proposes that success in intergroup contests has been vital in human evolution and that men therefore must engage in maximally effective intragroup cooperation [1-3]. Post-conflict affiliation between opponents is further proposed to facilitate future cooperation [4], which has been demonstrated in non-human primates [5] and humans [6]. The sex that invests more in post-conflict affiliation, therefore, should cooperate more. Supportive evidence comes from chimpanzees, a close genetic relative to humans that also engages in male intergroup aggression [7]. Here we apply this principle to humans by testing the hypothesis that among members of a large community, following a conflict, males are predisposed to be more ready than females to repair their relationship via friendly contact. We took high-level sports matches as a proxy for intragroup conflict, because they occur within a large organization and constitute semi-naturalistic, standardized, aggressive, and intense confrontations. Duration or frequency of peaceful physical contacts served as the measure of post-conflict affiliation because they are strongly associated with pro-social intentions [8, 9]. Across tennis, table tennis, badminton, and boxing, with participants from 44 countries, duration of post-conflict affiliation was longer for males than females. Our results indicate that unrelated human males are more predisposed than females to invest in a behavior, post-conflict affiliation, that is expected to facilitate future intragroup cooperation.

  14. Sport and APA: proces of possible diffusion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hana Válková

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Relation between Adapted Physical Activity (APA are described in the article. Recent sport professions as so as professions related to sports are formulated. "Coach" profession is defined with more details, the term "sport of persons with disability" is explained, too. On the bases of personal experience the APA domain which every coach can be touched are presented. Events which recent coaches, sports clubs in Czech Republic participated in are added. The basic questions of EUSAPA project are answered: regular sport and APA are blended together. Diffusion of sport and APA can become good platform for inclusion in life span context. Coaches should be informed about basic principles of APA according the level of connection (humanitarian domain - coaches in sports of disabled, the type of sport (relation to general sport and performance level (recreation - top competitive. The topic APA should be included on adequate level in education courses of coaches. The practice in sport activities of people with disability has to be involved.

  15. SWOT Analysis of the Development of Chinese Traditional Sports Culture%中国传统体育文化发展的 SWOT 分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戚海亮

    2016-01-01

    采用文献资料法、逻辑分析法等方法对我国传统体育文化进行研究分析,基于 SWOT 的基础上对我国传统体育文化的内部优势与劣势,外部因素的机会与威胁进行剖析。认为我国传统体育文化的优势为丰富性与多元化,融合性与传承性以及注重体育伦理与道德修养的特征;劣势为缺少竞争性的体育价值观念与传统体育文化固有的保守性;存在的机会主要为国家与地方不断加大扶持力度,全球化语境下获得发展契机;存在的威胁主要为西方文化强势入侵以及缺乏对中国传统体育文化的公共合理性反思。%Using methods of literature and logical analysis,the paper conducts research and analysis on Chinese traditional sports culture and carries out exploration on the internal advantages and disadvantages,external opportunities and threats of Chinese traditional sports culture on the basis of SWOT.The paper indicates that the advantages of Chinese traditional sports culture lie in its richness,diversity,integration and inheritance and the attention to sports ethnics and moral cultivation;while the disadvantages are the lack of sports value on competitiveness and the intrinsic conservatism;opportunities exist in increasing national and regional support and more access to development opportunities in the context of globalization;threats come from strong invasion of western culture and lack of public and rational reflection on Chinese traditional sports culture.

  16. Sports-Based Text Sets: Fostering Critical Literacy at the Intersections of Sport and Society

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodesiler, Luke

    2017-01-01

    Sports culture is central to the lives of many students, whether they participate in athletic competitions or sports fandom. Unfortunately, sports culture also reflects many sociopolitical issues and inequities that impinge upon our greater society in the present day (e.g., domestic violence, racism). For those reasons, sports-based text…

  17. Sports-Based Text Sets: Fostering Critical Literacy at the Intersections of Sport and Society

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodesiler, Luke

    2017-01-01

    Sports culture is central to the lives of many students, whether they participate in athletic competitions or sports fandom. Unfortunately, sports culture also reflects many sociopolitical issues and inequities that impinge upon our greater society in the present day (e.g., domestic violence, racism). For those reasons, sports-based text…

  18. 新中国村落体育文化的历史变迁及定位%The History Change of New China Village Sports Culture and Positioning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈海鸥

    2015-01-01

    The methods of literature and field study, by reviewing the history change of new China sports culture village, the village of the development of sports culture is divided into initial stage (1949-1965), the founding of the cultural revolution(1966-1976), the reform and opening period (1977 -) three historical process, and points out that village sports neglect organization, fitness culture, promote the national physical quality has not been formed, the sports new across, from carrying forward traditional sports culture, promote the village village sports culture innovation, enhance the vitality of cultural development, village specification the development direction of sports culture, realize the cultural transformation of village sports development path to the location.%采用文献与实地研究等方法,通过回顾新中国村落体育文化的历史变迁,把村落体育文化的发展历程分为建国初期(1949—1965年)、文革时期(1966—1976年)、改革开放时期(1977—)三个历史过程,并指出村落体育疏于组织,健身文化尚未形成、提升国民身体素质,实现体育新跨越,从弘扬村落传统体育文化、推进村落体育文化创新,增强村落文化发展活力,规范体育文化的发展方向,实现文化转型等方面对村落体育的发展路径做了定位.

  19. Confidentiality in Sports Medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malcolm, Dominic

    2016-04-01

    This article synthesizes existing literature to provide a summary of the ethical issues concerning patient confidentiality in sport. It outlines the medical principle of confidentiality and identifies cross-cultural ethicolegal variations that shape its implementation. Clinicians' multiple obligations, physical environments, and practice and policy contexts are discussed, and research detailing experiences of maintaining patient confidentiality in sport is reviewed. Policy recommendations for enhancing compliance with this ethical principle are summarized. It is argued that the context of sport exacerbates pressures on clinicians to break patient confidentiality, breaches occur regularly, and interventions are required to enhance ethical compliance in sports medicine. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Dr Hiroshi Ikukawa Director Planning and Evaluation Division Science and Technology Policy Bureau Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) of Japan and Mr Robert Aymar signed an accord for the CERN.

    CERN Document Server

    Claudia Marcelloni

    2007-01-01

    Dr Hiroshi Ikukawa Director Planning and Evaluation Division Science and Technology Policy Bureau Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) of Japan and Mr Robert Aymar signed an accord for the CERN.

  1. 18 MArch 2008 - Director, Basic and Generic Research Division, Research Promotion Bureau, Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology Prof.Ohtake visiting ATLAS cavern with Spokesperson P. Jenni.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2008-01-01

    18 MArch 2008 - Director, Basic and Generic Research Division, Research Promotion Bureau, Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology Prof.Ohtake visiting ATLAS cavern with Spokesperson P. Jenni.

  2. Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) representative H. Ikukawa visiting ATLAS experiment with Collaboration Spokesperson P. Jenni, KEK representative T. Kondo and Advisor to CERN DG J. Ellis on 15 May 2007.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2007-01-01

    Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) representative H. Ikukawa visiting ATLAS experiment with Collaboration Spokesperson P. Jenni, KEK representative T. Kondo and Advisor to CERN DG J. Ellis on 15 May 2007.

  3. Study on the Development of Feminine Leisure Sports Culture In China%试论中国女性休闲体育文化的发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    欧平

    2013-01-01

    The establishment and development of our country modern feminine sports leisure culture both faces the traditional ethics and the sex consciousness restriction, and is restrained the feminine individual social role dependence as well as the education and own idea influence. However, the human society always develops in the base of advanced cultural, as marks the woman develop dimension, feminine sports leisure which is rooted “the feminism” thought gradually prosperity in the world domain also moves towards its own free will. Developing the feminine sports leisure culture under the modern society sex consciousness in our country ,we have to persist the way of localization, constructing sports leisure culture ecology system which is multi-dimensional value and advantageous to amphoteric harmonious development.%中国现代女性休闲体育文化的建立和发展既面临传统伦理和性别意识的制约,又受制于女性个体社会角色的依赖性以及教育和自身观念的影响。然而,人类社会前行的车轮总是发轫于先进文化的沃土,作为标识妇女发展维度的女性体育休闲也正是根植于世界领域内“女性主义”思想的逐步繁荣而走向主体的自觉。中国发展现代社会性别意识下的女性体育休闲文化必须坚持本土化的道路,构建价值多元的、有利于两性和谐发展的体育休闲文化生态体系。

  4. Communicating Corporate Community Involvement: Partnership, sponsorship, or donation? A study of companies’ relationships with sports, culture and non-profit organizations

    OpenAIRE

    Clementsen, Margrethe Tombre

    2014-01-01

    This thesis studies how companies communicate their corporate community involvement (CCI), and how consumers’ respond to various communication strategies in this regard. Companies’ CCI may entail relationships with different organizations in the community. It is common for companies to have relationships with different organizations within sports and culture, as well as non-profit organizations. These relationships may vary according to the scope of activities and the company’s involvement. S...

  5. Classes in physical culture and sport as a means of prevention of harmful habits of the student youth

    OpenAIRE

    Shlyapnikova, A. V.; Churina, E. D.; Mishneva, S. D.; Simonova, I. M.; Шляпникова, А. В.; Чурина, Е. Д.; Мишнева, С. Д.; Симонова, И. М.

    2015-01-01

    The article provides a theoretical and methodological materials on the impact of physical culture and sports the prevention of asocial manifestations, drug abuse and crime among young people Статья содержит теоретические и методические материалы о влиянии фи-зической культуры и спорта на профилактику асоциальных проявлений, наркоманию и преступность среди молодежи....

  6. 高校体育社团的文化载体价值研究%A Study of the Value of Cultural Carrier of College Sports Associations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴阳

    2015-01-01

    本文通过文献资料法,对高校体育社团的特征和功能进行了全面的分析和探究,认为,高校体育社团作为众多高校社团中的一员,不仅具有自己独特的文化载体价值,更能够有效增强大学生的身心健康、陶冶大学生情操、传播体育文化等功能,是促进高校校园文化、文明发展的重要角色之一。%By the method of documentation,this paper makes a comprehensive analysis and exploration of the characteristics and functions of the sports associations in colleges and universities.It is believed that the sports association,as part of the associations in colleges and universities,not only has its own unique value as cultural carrier,but can also effectively improve the physical and mental health of college students,cultivate students'temperament and spread sports culture,thus playing an important role in promoting the development of campus culture and civilization in colleges.

  7. Books vs bombs? Humanitarian development and the narrative of terror in Northern Pakistan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ali, Nosheen

    2010-01-01

    This article examines the role of humanitarian discourse and development in reconfiguring the contemporary culture of empire and its war on terror. It takes as its point of entry the immensely popular biographical tale, Three Cups of Tea, which details how the American mountaineer Greg Mortenson has struggled to counter terrorism in Northern Pakistan through the creation of schools. Even as this text appears to provide a self-critical and humane perspective on terrorism, the article argues that it constructs a misleading narrative of terror in which the realities of Northern Pakistan and Muslim life-worlds are distorted through simplistic tropes of ignorance, backwardness and extremism, while histories of US geopolitics and violence are erased. The text has further facilitated the emergence of a participatory militarism, whereby humanitarian work helps to reinvent the military as a culturally sensitive and caring institution in order to justify and service the project of empire.

  8. Traditional Chinese sports culture tourism product design research based on the authenticity--- With traditional sports cultural of Henan as an example%基于“原真性”理念的我国民族传统体育文化体验性旅游产品设计研究--以河南省民族传统体育文化为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    岳贤锋

    2014-01-01

    基于建构主义“原真性”理念对我国民族传统体育文化旅游产品进行体验性设计是可行的。以河南省民族传统体育文化为例,以既注重旅游客体的原真性,又注重游客体验的“原真性”为指导思想,设计出体育文化探源游、古代体育文化体验游、武术文化体验游、民间体育文化体验游、体育节事活动游等民族传统体育文化体验性旅游产品。%It is possible to apply authenticity constructivism theory on traditional Chinese sports cul-ture tourism products experience design. With the traditional sports culture of Henan province as an example,it shows respect to the authenticity of tourism objects,and the authenticity of travel experi-ence,then take them as the guiding ideology,design the traditional cultural and experiential tourism product such as the origin of sports cultural tour,ancient sport culture experience tour,martial arts cultural experience tour,folk sports culture experience tour and sports events activities,etc.

  9. Ethics in sports medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunn, Warren R; George, Michael S; Churchill, Larry; Spindler, Kurt P

    2007-05-01

    Physicians have struggled with the medical ramifications of athletic competition since ancient Greece, where rational medicine and organized athletics originated. Historically, the relationship between sport and medicine was adversarial because of conflicts between health and sport. However, modern sports medicine has emerged with the goal of improving performance and preventing injury, and the concept of the "team physician" has become an integral part of athletic culture. With this distinction come unique ethical challenges because the customary ethical norms for most forms of clinical practice, such as confidentiality and patient autonomy, cannot be translated easily into sports medicine. The particular areas of medical ethics that present unique challenges in sports medicine are informed consent, third parties, advertising, confidentiality, drug use, and innovative technology. Unfortunately, there is no widely accepted code of sports medicine ethics that adequately addresses these issues.

  10. To "Bring the Race Along Rapidly": Sport, Student Culture, and Educational Mission at Historically Black Colleges during the Interwar Years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Patrick B.

    1995-01-01

    Describes the role and impact of college athletics at historically black colleges during the period between the two world wars. Maintains that sports became a source of pride and a vehicle for social change. Concludes, however, that there is substantial reason to be skeptical about the efficacy of sport to overcome racial prejudice. (CFR)

  11. State of development of sport and technical and applied sports in the sports organizations of Ukraine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tikhonova N.V.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose : the study of the development of sport and technical and applied sports in the sports organizations of Ukraine. Material : the results of analysis of scientific and methodical literature, statistical reports of the Ministry of Youth and Sports, controls for Physical Culture and Sport, the governing bodies of education and science, society websites promoting Defence of Ukraine, the Sports Committee of Ukraine. Results : technical sports solve complex health and educational problems, promote patriotic education of children. In Ukraine today gaining popularity of sports-technical and applied sports. According to statistics the number of students enrolled in 2013 increased by 6% (1720 people in relation to 2012. Total 30484 person. The most popular among children and adolescents are: military-sport all-around (amount involved is 23.9% of the total number of pupils, fire-applied sports (8.8%, parachute (8.7%, automotive (8.1 %, model aircraft (7.8%, underwater (5.8%, radio sport (7.1%. The most abundant component in the number of sports clubs have engaged in occupations which covered 18264 children and adolescents. Conclusions : Implementation of measures for further development of sports engineering, aviation and military applied sports will foster a versatile development, hardened physically, technically trained people. As the formation of the younger generation of sustained interest and needs in the classroom technical creativity, provide training for young people for military service and active labor.

  12. Preventing corruption in humanitarian assistance: perceptions, gaps and challenges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maxwell, Daniel; Bailey, Sarah; Harvey, Paul; Walker, Peter; Sharbatke-Church, Cheyanne; Savage, Kevin

    2012-01-01

    Corruption is a threat to the purpose of humanitarian assistance. Until fairly recently, humanitarian assistance has not been considered an important arena in broader efforts aimed at curbing corruption, and corruption has not always been considered a particularly important concern for humanitarian assistance despite the obviously challenging nature of the context of humanitarian emergencies. Corruption, though, is a threat to humanitarian action because it can prevent assistance from getting to the people who most need it, and because it can potentially undermine public support for such assistance. This paper examines perceptions of corruption and its affects, documents best practices, and outlines gaps in understanding. It suggests recommendations for improving the capacity of humanitarian agencies to prevent and manage the risk of corruption. Agencies have taken steps to combat corruption and improve accountability--downwards and upwards--but scope remains for improvement and for greater sharing of learning and good practice. © 2012 The Author(s). Disasters © Overseas Development Institute, 2012.

  13. Disaster management and humanitarian logistics – A South African perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilna L. Bean

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Disasters are becoming an unavoidable part of everyday life throughout the world, including South Africa. Even though South Africa is not a country affected by large-scale disasters such as earthquakes, the impact of disasters in South Africa is aggravated significantly by the vulnerability of people living in informal settlements. Humanitarian logistics, as a ‘new’ sub-field in the supply chain management context, has developed significantly recently to assist in disaster situations. This paper provides an overview of the South African humanitarian logistics context. Even though humanitarian logistics plays a critical role in the aftermath of disasters, it extends far beyond events that can typically be classified as ‘disasters’. Therefore the implication of the South African humanitarian logistics context on future research and collaboration opportunities in South African humanitarian logistics is also discussed. Finally, two recent case studies in the South African humanitarian logistics environment are discussed.

  14. SYNERGY OF HUMANITARIAN AND MATHEMATICAL KNOWLEDGE AS A PEDAGOGICAL CONDITION FOR SOLVING INTERDISCIPLINARY PROBLEMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Svetlana N. Dvoryatkina

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: the article is concerned with the topical problem of the humanitarian and mathematical knowledge synergy in the context of solving important crosscutting issues. Since the authors have given a theoretical justification of mathematical integration of humanitarian and information knowledge and its implementation in the educational activities of universities. There is a description of the genesis and the main aspects of synergy. It is shown that the synergy of mathematical and humanitarian knowledge with using information technology is the complex educational environment dominant approach to many inter¬disciplinary problems. Materials and Methods: the synergetic approach is a conceptual framework for solving cross-cutting problems. The initial, exploratory and training options of the experimental research method are used to identify synergies problems of humanitarian and mathematical knowledge; mathematical modeling method is applied in solving professional problems for the development of a probabilistic model of analysis and comparison of styles of text works. Results: the complex of pedagogical conditions is defined, substantiated and tested, taking into account the dominant synergy of humanitarian and mathematical knowledge through the developed integrative course. The draft of the integrative course “Mathematical Methods in Linguistics” is presented; the optimum modular structure of the course is defined (“Formation of Modern Mathematics as a New Cultural Paradigm”, “Basic Mathematical Concepts in Linguistics”, “Mathematical Methods in Linguistics”; the essential elements of every mathematical module are practice-oriented tasks of philol ogical contents. Discussion and Conclusions: the synergy of mathematics and humanities is highly productive thing in scientific and research activities of students and in the learning process. The submitted materials can be included in lectures, practical exercises, integrative

  15. The national identity politics of Danish humanitarianism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Lene Bull

    , 2009; Jefferess, 2002; Repo and Yrjölä, 2011). While these studies provide important insights, another side remains – that of collective identity narratives associated with humanitarian appeals. This paper posits that collective identity narratives have a vital importance in many humanitarian appeals...... and proposes to look beyond the mainstream US/UK contexts in order to make this point. The paper takes point of departure in the annual Danish aid telethon Danmarks Indsamling (Denmark’s Collection). Against the backdrop of the local identity politics in Denmark revolving around immigration policies...... and the aftermath of the so-called Muhammad Cartoon Crisis, the paper posits that the telethon represents a particular version of a national narrative. Two interconnected articulations of the local understandings of community (the Danish concept fællesskab) contribute to this narrative. Firstly, a version...

  16. Marketing of sport tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.S. Teletov

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article. The aim of the article is to clarify the concept of «sport tourism marketing», to examine the state of its objects and to determine prospects for development of sport tourism in Ukraine. The paper singles out the role of sport in life; compares different types of cities in terms of provision the infrastructure for tourism development in the field of sports. Authors show the example of the campaign. The results of the analysis. The article deals with sport tourism as a form of total tourism conducted extensive research of sports tourism values compared between typical sports facilities and infrastructure of cities millionaires, large, medium and small Ukrainian cities. The research is based on Sumy. It is shown that it may be attractive for sports, historical and cultural enrichment of professional athletes, children and adolescents, a large group of fans that come to competition. Marketing approaches to the decision of sport tourism problems today represent the ocial, cultural, public and political phenomenon simultaneously and is by phenomenon object of special researches. This increase: shows of sports, attraction to it of children, quantity of the people life, conducting a healthy image, increase of a network sport structures, hotels and other tourist objects. Work is complete scientific and practical work, implemented commission on education, science, culture, tourism, sport and youth policy Sumy Regional Council and is recommended to be involved to realizing for local councils, administrations and City Hall for recovery work in the field of tourism development. The theoretical and methodological developments generalizations made in this scientific work, have a scientific value and practical value and can be recommended for implementation in other regions of Ukraine. Conclusions and prospects for further researches. One of the few areas that still have powerful sports, tourism and how their derivatives – marketing

  17. Popular culture and sporting life in the rural margins of late eighteenth-century England: the world of Robert Anderson, "The Cumberland Bard".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huggins, Mike

    2012-01-01

    This study sets out to extend and challenge existing historiography on late eighteenth century British popular culture, customary sports, class and cultural identity, focusing upon the rural geo-political borderland of England. It suggests that prevailing class-based and more London-biased studies need to be balanced with more regionalist-based work, and shows the importance of northern regional leisure variants. The textual and historical analysis draws largely on the published works of a neglected working-class dialect poet, Robert Anderson, living and working in Cumberland, arguing that he represented a strain of ''bardic regionalism,'' a variant of Katie Trumpener’s ''bardic nationalism.''

  18. Humanitarian law: the controversial historical construction of a universal moral

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soraya Nour Sckell

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Humanitarian law was conceived by legal and moral normativism founded on universal principles. Despite its undeniable universal moral content, its formulations and application methods are however the result of historical conflicts. This article aims to analyze how the universality of humanitarian law is produced by highly controversial conflicts. It is necessary to overcome the antagonism between an analysis that focuses on the moral undeniable value of humanitarian law by ignoring its controversies and an analysis that focuses on social antagonism questioning the achievability of the moral and universal value of humanitarian law. For this, we must consider that humanitarian law is a construction. It appears as autonomous and independent of power relationships, as based on the rationality of morality and thus worthy of universal recognition. Yet its development is only possible when one considers the historical roots of reason. It is only through political struggle that humanitarian law is realized in history. The aim of this paper is to analyze how the universal nature of humanitarian law is produced by highly controversial conflicts. Firstly, an analysis is offered on the universal but at the same controversial character in the codification of humanitarian law, recalling controversies around the creation of the Additional Protocols of 1977 (Section 1. Next, an analysis is given on the conflictual character of organizations supporting humanitarian law, taking in account conflicts between the Red Cross and Doctors Without Borders and controversies around the ambitions to pass from an humanitarian law to a right of humanitarian intervention (Section 2. Finally, a reflection is offered on how the theories of international relations that most appropriately grasp the universal nature of humanitarian law must be complemented by a "historical sociology of the universal" that embraces the conflicting historical dimension in the construction of the

  19. Syria: Overview of the Humanitarian Response

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-04

    United Nations Children’s Fund ( UNICEF ) $68,148,698 Maintaining or resuming primary, secondary, and vocational education in Syria; improving...Nations Children’s Fund ( UNICEF ) $279,419,059 $90,026,772 UNICEF projects include humanitarian response activities in Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey, and Iraq...Hommes Un Ponte Per Union Des Organisations Syrienne de Secours Medicaux United Nations Children’s Fund ( UNICEF ) United Nations Department of Safety

  20. Integrated Robotic Systems for Humanitarian Demining

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    This paper summarises the main results of 10 years of research and development in Humanitarian Demining. The Hudem project focuses on mine detection systems and aims at provided different solutions to support the mine detection operations. Robots using different kind of locomotion systems have been designed and tested on dummy minefields. In order to control these robots, software interfaces, control algorithms, visual positioning and terrain following systems have also been developed. Typica...

  1. Cultural Value Orientation of Curriculum Development of Chinese Traditional Sports%我国民族传统体育课程开发的文化价值取向研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙荣辉

    2012-01-01

    民族传统体育是体育课程的重要内容,民族传统体育课程开发承载着民族传统体育文化的传承与课程发展的双重使命,面对强势的西方体育文化入侵的冲击和挑战,本文试从民族传统体育课程开发的文化价值取向入手,对民族传统体育课程相关理论和民族传统体育文化核心内涵进行分析,它对解决我国民族传统体育文化传承的问题具有重要的现实意义.这项探讨的提出有利于民族传统体育文化传承的意见,它主要研究高校体育课程中制约民族传统体育文化传承的各个因素.%National traditional sports is the important content of sport courses, and the development of this curriculum bears the dual mandate of heritage of traditional national physical culture and curriculum development. In face of the strong impact and challenge of western sports cultural invasion, this article starts from the culture value orientation of the development of traditional national sports, analyzes the theory of national traditional physical education curriculum and the cultural core connotation of national traditional sports, which has great practical significance to solve the problem of inheritance of traditional sports culture in China. This discussion is in favour of national traditional sports culture, and it mainly study the factors restrict inheritance of traditional sports culture in physical education courses in colleges and universities.

  2. Aleatorism and Sporting Performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kosiewicz Jerzy

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available A sporting spectacle is an important cultural event, essentially influencing social and individual lives. In spite of this, there does not yet exist a monograph that analyzes, describes, and explains sporting performance from the point of view of aleatorism as part of the theory of sport and physical culture. Unfortunately, no monograph has developed this issue in a multi-aspectual, holistic, culturological, and philosophical way, dealing with its axiological values (aesthetic and praxeological. This applies to the relations between this phenomenon and the mechanisms that bring about the development and growth of interest in the social dimension.

  3. Analysis of Teaching Team Culture Construction in Sports Colleges%高等体育院校教学团队文化建设探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾友利; 范运祥

    2014-01-01

    At this stage in the development of sports colleges teaching team , there is a lack of spirit of in-novation , lack of teamwork.The construction of the team culture will contribute to the development of the teaching team in colleges and universities.From the role of the team culture in the teaching team con-struction in sports colleges , and in view of the status quo and the prominent problems of higher sports col-leges teaching team today , from three aspects including material , institutional and spiritual team , this ar-ticle explores the path of cultural construction of sports college teaching team.%在现阶段高等体育院校教学团队发展过程中,存在着创新精神不足,团队协作缺失等问题。团队文化的有序建设将有利于高等院校教学团队的发展,从团队文化在高等体育院校教学团队建设中的作用入手,并针对当今高等体育院校教学团队突出的问题,从团队物质、制度和精神三个层面探索高等体育院校教学团队的团队文化建设的路径。

  4. Leisure Sport Participation in Cyprus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicos Kartakoullis

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This study contributes to the limited existing research on the participation patterns of Cypriots in leisure and sports. Leisure and sport are viewed collectively while adapting the notion put forth by The Council of Europe (2007 defining leisure sports as sports activities aimed at the preservation and improvement of physical condition, health and fun. The purpose of this paper is to examine the leisure sport participation patterns of Cypriots, specifically: (1 participation patterns in leisure sports, (2 reasons for participating in leisure sports, (3 cost and participation in leisure sport, (4 leisure sport spectatorship, and (5 vacationing and leisure sport experiences. Data was commissioned and collected by the Centre for Leisure, Tourism and Sports (University of Nicosia for the Cyprus Sport Organisation. A telephone-survey of 1000 Cypriots, men and women, aged 15+, from coast-to-coast in Cyprus using stratified random sampling was employed. The sample was weighted by gender, age, district and region of residence. The results indicate that: (1 almost half of the Cypriot population participates in leisure sports, (2 participation in leisure sports decreases with age, (3 participation in leisure sports tends to be driven by health benefits, (4 most Cypriots participate in leisure sport at no cost, (5 television is the most common means reported for spectatorship, and (6 some Cypriots plan their vacations around leisure sport experiences. The results indicate the relevant importance of the leisure sport culture in Cyprus while also reflecting on age and cost related factors that may influence participation in leisure sports.

  5. Facing the challenges in human resources for humanitarian health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mowafi, Hani; Nowak, Kristin; Hein, Karen

    2007-01-01

    The human resources crisis in humanitarian health care parallels that seen in the broader area of health care. This crisis is exacerbated by the lack of resources in areas in which humanitarian action is needed--difficult environments that often are remote and insecure--and the requirement of specific skill sets is not routinely gained during traditional medical training. While there is ample data to suggest that health outcomes improve when worker density is increased, this remains an area of critical under-investment in humanitarian health care. In addition to under-investment, other factors limit the availability of human resources for health (HRH) in humanitarian work including: (1) over-reliance on degrees as surrogates for specific competencies; (2) under-development and under-utilization of national staff and beneficiaries as humanitarian health workers; (3) lack of standardized training modules to ensure adequate preparation for work in complex emergencies; (4) and the draining of limited available HRH from countries with low prevalence and high need to wealthier, developed nations also facing HRH shortages. A working group of humanitarian health experts from implementing agencies, United Nations agencies, private and governmental financiers, and members of academia gathered at Hanover, New Hampshire for a conference to discuss elements of the HRH problem in humanitarian health care and how to solve them. Several key elements of successful solutions were highlighted, including: (1) the need to develop a set of standards of what would constitute "adequate training" for humanitarian health work; (2) increasing the utilization and professional development of national staff; (3) "training with a purpose" specific to humanitarian health work (not simply relying on professional degrees as surrogates); (4) and developing specific health task-based competencies thereby increasing the pool of potential workers. Such steps would accomplish several key goals, such as

  6. Yemen's Unprecedented Humanitarian Crisis: Implications for International Humanitarian Law, the Geneva Convention, and the Future of Global Health Security.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ripoll Gallardo, Alba; Burkle, Frederick M; Ragazzoni, Luca; Della Corte, Francesco

    2016-10-01

    The current humanitarian crisis in Yemen is unprecedented in many ways. The Yemeni War tragedy is symptomatic of gross failures to recognize, by combatants, existing humanitarian law and the Geneva Convention that have become the new norm in unconventional armed conflicts and are increasingly replicated in Africa, Afghanistan, and other areas of the Middle East with dire consequences on aid workers and the noncombatant population. The health and humanitarian professions must take collective responsibility in calling for all belligerent parties to cease the massacre and commit to guaranteed medical assistance, humanitarian aid, and the free flow of information and respect for the humanitarian principles that protect the neutrality and impartiality of the humanitarian workforce. (Disaster Med Public Health Preparedness. 2016;page 1 of 3).

  7. Tradução, validação e adaptação cultural da escala de atividade esportiva Translation, validation and cultural adaptation of the "sports activities scale"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camila Carvalho Krause Gonçalves

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: Realizar a tradução e adaptação cultural do "Sports Activities Scale" para a língua portuguesa, e verificar suas propriedades de medida, reprodutibilidade e validade. MÉTODO: baseado na revisão da literatura de Guillemin et al. foi realizado a tradução, adaptação cultural e validação. Para a análise estatística foi utilizado a análise descritiva, o teste t, o coeficiente de correlação intraclasse e o coeficiente de correlação de Spearman, com nível de significância igual a 5% (alfa = 0,05. RESULTADOS: O questionário traduzido apresentou: boa compreensão e equivalência cultural de 95% dos pacientes após algumas modificações; uma excelente reprodutibilidade (alfa=0,01, roOBJECTIVES: to translate and adapt the "Sports Activities Scale" as well as to check its measurement, reproduction and validity properties. METHOD: the translation, cultural adaptation and validation were made by reviewing the work by Guillemin et al. For statistical analysis, we used descriptive analysis, t-test, inter-class correlation coefficient and Spearman correlation coefficient, with significance level equal to 5% (alpha = 0.05. RESULTS: the translated questionnaire showed to be understandable and culturally equivalent for 95% of Brazilian patients after some modifications were made; an excellent reproducibility (alpha = 0.01, rho 0.001; and a moderate negative correlation with the visual analog scale for pain (alpha = 0.05, rho = 0.0013. CONCLUSION: The Brazilian version of the "Sports Activities Scale" questionnaire is an easily-manageable, reproducible and valid parameter for a specific evaluation of knee's symptoms and restraints during sports activities, in Brazilian patients.

  8. A Brief Discussion on the Sports Culture in North China in Ancient Times%我国古代北方民族体育文化简论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张栋

    2012-01-01

    文章运用文献资料研究方法,研究中国古代北方民族体育文化历史,对增强民族自尊心、发展现代民族体育文化,丰富近年我国开展阳光体育运动项目,建设社会主义物质文明和精神文明都有着重要意义。%By using textual research,this paper studies history of the sports culture in the northern part of ancient China.This research can help understand the evolution of the Chinese sports culture and develop its modern sports culture.And at the same time,it can enrich the content of the sunshine sports campaign started recently,and contributes to the construction of material and ideological civilization in China.

  9. Spanish version of the Talent Development Environment Questionnaire for sport: Cultural adaptation and initial validation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brazo-Sayavera, Javier; Olivares, Pedro R; Andronikos, Georgios; Martindale, Russell J J

    2017-01-01

    This study aimed to translate the Talent Development Environment Questionnaire into Spanish and provide an initial validation. A recommended methodology for translation and cultural adaptation of questionnaires was applied. Once this had been completed, three hundred and thirty-two young athletes completed the Talent Development Environment Questionnaire. The results revealed that the five factor solution Talent Development Environment Questionnaire was confirmed. With the exclusion of one item due to low factor loading, the Talent Development Environment Questionnaire-5 had robust statistical support for its factor structure (χ2 (df = 305) = 499.64, p<0.01, CFI = 0.90, RMSEA = 0.045, SRMR = 0.055). It also demonstrated adequate convergent and discriminant validity. While the internal reliability was lower than in previous studies, it revealed acceptable levels. Specifically the overall 27 item Talent Development Environment Questionnaire-5 had a Cronbach α score of .877, and the reliability scores for individual factors 1-5 were .622; .761; .658; .605; .602 respectively. As such, it is recommended that the Spanish Talent Development Environment Questionnaire-5 can be used with confidence in Spain in both applied and research settings.

  10. Sports physical

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/patientinstructions/000673.htm Sports physical To use the sharing features on this page, ... routine checkups. Why do you Need a Sports Physical? The sports physical is done to: Find out ...

  11. 75 FR 74678 - Bureau for Democracy, Conflict and Humanitarian Assistance; Office of Food for Peace Announcement...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-01

    ...; ] AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT Bureau for Democracy, Conflict and Humanitarian Assistance; Office..., Office of Food for Peace, Bureau for Democracy, Conflict and Humanitarian Assistance. BILLING CODE P...

  12. 76 FR 34639 - Bureau for Democracy, Conflict and Humanitarian Assistance; Office of Food for Peace...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-14

    ...; ] AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT Bureau for Democracy, Conflict and Humanitarian Assistance; Office..., Office of Food for Peace, Bureau for Democracy, Conflict and Humanitarian Assistance. BILLING CODE P...

  13. Digital humanitarians how big data is changing the face of humanitarian response

    CERN Document Server

    Meier, Patrick

    2015-01-01

    The Rise of Digital HumanitariansMapping Haiti LiveSupporting Search And Rescue EffortsPreparing For The Long Haul Launching An SMS Life Line Sending In The Choppers Openstreetmap To The Rescue Post-Disaster Phase The Human Story Doing Battle With Big Data Rise Of Digital Humanitarians This Book And YouThe Rise of Big (Crisis) DataBig (Size) Data Finding Needles In Big (Size) Data Policy, Not Simply Technology Big (False) Data Unpacking Big (False) Data Calling 991 And 999 Big (

  14. The protocol culture of traditional national sports competitions%民族传统体育竞赛的礼仪文化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘少英; 史永

    2013-01-01

    The authors analyzed the connotations and characteristics of the protocol culture of traditional national sports competitions, and put forward the following opinions: protocol culture contains such a traditional virtue as mutual respect in traditional national sports competitions, embodies such a national fashion as“valuing harmony”, reflects such protocol charm of the Chinese nation as“peaceful coexistence”, highlights the moral essence of tradi-tional national sports competitions;competition protocol can not only standardize behaviors conducted in games and maintain venue orders, but also play an irreplaceable role in beautifying athlete images, perfecting athlete personali-ties, strengthen national unity, promoting national cohesion, and carrying forward national culture; inheriting and popularizing the protocol culture of traditional national sports competitions has important realistic significance in boosting the development of traditional national sports in China.%  对民族传统体育竞赛礼仪文化的内涵、特征进行分析,认为礼仪文化兼容民族传统体育竞赛中相互尊重的传统美德,体现了竞赛中“贵和谐”的民族风尚,折射了中华民族“和合”的礼仪魅力,突出了民族传统体育竞赛的道德精髓。竞赛礼仪不仅可以规范比赛中的行为,维护赛场的秩序,而且对美化运动员的形象、健全运动员的人格、加强民族团结、增强民族凝聚力、弘扬民族文化等都有不可替代的作用。传承与推广民族传统体育竞赛礼仪文化,对促进我国民族传统体育的发展有着重要的现实意义。

  15. 民俗体育奇葩:永新盾牌舞的文化研究%A Rare Flower of Folk Sports:a Study of the Sports Culture of Yongxin Shield Dance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹国昌; 刘欣然

    2012-01-01

    The Yongxin shield dance is a folk sport unifying martial arts, acrobatics, education, enter- tainment, music, dance and modeling. It gets its unique form of folk sports in the mountainous region of the western Jiangxi. This paper is to explore its formation and development from the perspective of the geographical environment and history. The future of the dance is anticipated from its development tracks after liberation. The ancestors' spirit of sports is explored from its form of expression, and the social value of the existing Yongxin Shield Dance is also explored. Under Chinese civilization breed- ing, in the nourish of Wuyue and Jingchu culture, a unique folk custom sports has formed in moun- tain areas of west Jiangxi. The paper looks for the soil of formation and development of Yongxin shield dance from the perspective of geographical environment and historical source, looks for its fu- ture track from the course of development after liberation, looks for the sports spirit of the ancestors from its manifestation, and finally probes into the existing social value of Yongxin shield dance.%永新盾牌舞是集武术、杂技、教育、娱乐、音乐、舞蹈和造型于一体的民俗体育表现形式,是在中华文明的孕育下,在吴越和荆楚文化的滋养中,在赣西山区形成的一种独特的民俗体育。文章从地域环境、历史溯源中找寻永新盾牌舞形成和发展的土壤;从解放后的发展历程中找寻其今后的发展轨迹;从其表现形式中找寻先民的体育精神;最后探究永新盾牌舞存在的社会价值。

  16. The Implementation Plan of Local Sports and Health Curriculum Standards——How to Reflect the Cultural Characteristics of Local Sports%地方体育与健康课程标准实施方案——如何反映地域体育文化特色

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    娄坚强; 樊炳有; 孙立

    2011-01-01

    体育与健康课程标准实施方案渗透和开展地域体育文化特色,对地方体育与健康课程和地域文化的发展具有重要的现实意义。运用文献资料法、实地考察法、逻辑分析法,阐释地域文化、地域体育文化特色的基本概念,通过对体育与健康课程与地域体育文化特色关系的分析,探讨体育与健康课程目标、内容如何反映地域体育文化特色,及其遵循的科学法则和基本原则,以期体育与健康课程与地域体育文化的融合,相得益彰。%Local sports culture is infiltrated and carried out in physical and health curriculum implementation plan.It has important practical significance to the development of the local sports and health courses and regional culture.This article explains the basic concepts about the regional culture and cultural characteristics of regional sports with the method of literature,on-field survey and logical analysis to analyze the relation between physical and health curriculum and regional sports culture.It investigates that how can the sports and health course reflect the local sports culture and follow the rules and basic principles of science so as to achieve the integration of physical and health curriculum and local sports culture.

  17. Trauma and humanitarian translation in Liberia: the tale of open mole.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abramowitz, Sharon Alane

    2010-06-01

    The focus of this paper is the intercultural process through which Open Mole and trauma-related mental illnesses are brought together in the postconflict mental health encounter. In this paper, I explore the historical dimension of this process by reviewing the history of Open Mole, and the ways in which it has been interpreted, acted on, and objectified by external observers over the last half-century. Moving into Liberia's recent war and postconflict period, I examine the process by which Open Mole is transformed from a culture-bound disorder into a local idiom of trauma, and how it has become a gateway diagnosis of PTSD-related mental illnesses, and consider how it is produced as an objectified experience of psychiatric disorder in clinical humanitarian contexts. By studying how Open Mole is transformed in the humanitarian encounter, I address the structure and teleology of the humanitarian encounter and challenge some of the foundational assumptions about cultural sensitivity and community-based mental health care in postconflict settings that are prevalent in scholarship and practice today.

  18. 湘西民俗旅游对传统体育文化遗产的保护与利用%Protection and Utilization of Xiangxi Folk Tourism for Traditional Sports Cultural Heritage

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁金娥; 艾显斌

    2015-01-01

    With the methods of literature, on-the-spot investigation, the paper does the analysis of Xiangxi traditional sports cultural heritage content, exploring the interactive relationship between Xiangxi folk tourism and traditional sports cultural heritage protection, and offers some proposals for Xiangxi traditional sports cultural heritage protection and utilization: using the overall advantages of Xiangxi folk tourism and traditional sports cultural heritage to reach the mutual promotion and common development; for folk tourism market to promote the industrialization development of traditional sports cultural heritage; to deal with traditional sports cultural heritage resources development and protection, the relationship between the sustainable development of Xiangxi traditional sports and cultural heritage.%文章采用文献资料法、实地考察等研究方法,分析湘西传统体育文化遗产内容,探寻湘西民俗旅游与传统体育文化遗产保护的互动关系,并对湘西传统体育文化遗产的保护与利用提出建议:利用湘西民俗旅游和传统体育文化遗产的整体优势,相互促进,共同发展;面向民俗旅游市场,促进传统体育文化遗产产业化发展;处理好传统体育文化遗产资源开发与保护之间的关系,旨在为湘西传统体育文化遗产的可持续发展提供借鉴。

  19. UNOSAT at CERN – 15 years of satellite imagery support to the humanitarian and development community

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2017-01-01

    Abstract: UNOSAT is part of the United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR) and has been hosted at CERN since 2001. This partnership allows UNOSAT to benefit from CERN's IT infrastructure whenever the situation requires, allowing the UN to be at the forefront of satellite-analysis technology. Specialists in geographic information systems (GIS) and in the analysis of satellite data, supported by IT engineers and policy experts, ensure a dedicated service to the international humanitarian and development communities 24 hours a day, seven days a week. The presentation will give an overview of the variety of activities carried out by UNOSAT over the last 15 years including support to humanitarian assistance and protection of cultural heritage, sustainable water management in Chad and training & capacity development in East Africa and Asia. The talk will be followed at 12:00 by the inauguration of the UNOSAT exhibition, in front of the Users' office. Speaker: Einar Bjor...

  20. Challenges in humanitarian information management and exchange: evidence from Haiti.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Altay, Nezih; Labonte, Melissa

    2014-04-01

    There is a growing recognition of the critical role information management can play in shaping effective humanitarian response, coordination and decision-making. Quality information, reaching more humanitarian actors, will result in better coordination and better decision-making, thus improving the response to beneficiaries as well as accountability to donors. The humanitarian response to the 2010 Haiti earthquake marked a watershed moment for humanitarian information management. Yet the fragmented nature of the response and the use of hierarchical models of information management, along with other factors, have led some observers to label the Haiti response a failure. Using an analytical framework often found in humanitarian emergencies, this study analyses challenges to information flow in the Haiti case and the implications for effective humanitarian response. It concludes by offering possible paths for overcoming such challenges, and for restoring the value and utility of humanitarian information management and exchange in humanitarian relief settings. © 2014 The Author(s). Disasters © Overseas Development Institute, 2014.

  1. Mind the Gap: Designing Sustainable Healthcare for Humanitarian Aid

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rodrigues Santos, A.L.

    2015-01-01

    Humanitarian emergencies like the natural disasters in Nepal, Haiti or Pakistan or the thousands of refugees and internally displaced people fleeing from long-term conflict in Syria or South Sudan are likely to increase. To provide healthcare assistance, international humanitarian organizations tran

  2. 体育表演人才专业结构在校园体育文化活动中的应用%Sports Performance Professional Personnel Structure in the Application of Sports and Cultural Activities on Campus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王莉莉; 戈俊

    2012-01-01

    Through the questionnaire survey proceeded among 20 chiefs of sports education department and 400 undergraduate students in 20 universities in Nanjing, the author investigates and analyses the professional structure needs of sports performance talents. The results of the study show that, professional technical ability is the most powerful technical support of campus sports and culture activities. Teachers'professional level, work attitude and professional ethics are the powerful measures to win the public opinion. Basic quality and professional knowledge is the premise to ensure sports and culture activities carried out orderly. Professional idea leads the development direction of activities. Professional development consciousness is the liability basis of realizing self - updating. The author' s suggestions are showed as following: First, universities should focus on improving their technical skills. Second, universities should promote sports performance talents' expert and comprehensive development. Third, sports performance talents should examine their own business level and the way, method, attitude and other aspects of work. Then rapidly make corresponding adjustment, strengthen basic theoretical knowledge of learning, update the efficiency of the professional knowledge, pay attention to set up correct concept of professional. Through the professional life accumulation, gradually form self professional development ability, to lay the founda- tion for further professional development.%通过对在宁20所高校体育教育部门20位负责人及在校大学生400名进行问卷调查,分别对体育表演人才的专业结构需求进行调查分析。研究结果表明:专业技术能力是校园体育文化活动开展最有力的技术保障,教师的专业化水平、工作态度,职业道德是赢得民意的有力举措,基本素质和专业知识是保证活动正常有序开展的前提,专业理念引领着活动的发展方

  3. Tragic choices in humanitarian health work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunt, Matthew R; Sinding, Christina; Schwartz, Lisa

    2012-01-01

    Humanitarian healthcare work presents a range of ethical challenges for expatriate healthcare professionals, including tragic choices requiring the selection of a least-worst option. In this paper we examine a particular set of tragic choices related to the prioritization of care and allocation of scarce resources between individuals in situations of widespread and urgent health needs. Drawing on qualitative interviews with clinicians, we examine the nature of these choices. We offer recommendations to clinical teams and aid organizations for preparing and supporting frontline clinicians in their efforts to determine the least-worst option, and in their responsibility for making such choices.

  4. Integrated Robotic Systems for Humanitarian Demining

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J-C Habumuremyi

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper summarises the main results of 10 years of research and development in Humanitarian Demining. The Hudem project focuses on mine detection systems and aims at provided different solutions to support the mine detection operations. Robots using different kind of locomotion systems have been designed and tested on dummy minefields. In order to control these robots, software interfaces, control algorithms, visual positioning and terrain following systems have also been developed. Typical data acquisition results obtained during trial campaigns with robots and data acquisition systems are reported. Lessons learned during the project and future work conclude this paper.

  5. Translation Strategies on English Sports News

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张金柱; 冷冰冰

    2016-01-01

    With the improvement of people's life, sports has become an indispensable part of our life, which promotes sports news. Besides, sports news is one of the most significant way to promote cultural communication and enhance mutual understanding. Thus, sports news has an increasing role in the communication between China and outside world due to its unique advantages. Therefore, sports news translation has great practical and theoretical significance in today's society. with the analysis on the function and characteristics of the sports news, This thesis studies the sports news translation and proposes some practical translation skills.

  6. Theoretical Perspective of the Sports Literature Research: Survival, Culture and Aesthetics%体育文学研究的理论视域:生存·文化·审美

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵凌河; 王纯菲

    2012-01-01

    Sports literature is not a simple addition of sports and literature. As a part of human activities, they are both human being's living activities and survival expressions; As cultural forms, they are both stemmed from the culture. They are also the carrier and expression of history and reality culture; Sports literature aggregates sports and literature together, shows a vast sports life on a literature platform and sublimates this sports life to an aes- thetic form. Thus, human's survival activities, cultural activities and aesthetic activities constitute the theoretical problems domain of sports literature research, which should have been problem domains of constructing the sports literature criticism theory.%体育文学不是体育与文学的简单相加。作为人类活动的构成部分,它们都是人类的生存活动与生存表达;作为文化的表现形态,它们都生成于文化,又是历史与现实文化的承载者与表达者;体育文学将体育与文学聚合在一起,在文学的平台上展示广阔的体育人生,并将这体育人生升华为审美形态。如是,人类的生存活动、文化活动与审美活动,构成体育文学研究的理论题域,这是体育文学批评理论建构的应有题域。

  7. The 2016 World Humanitarian Summit Report Card: Both Failing Marks and Substantive Gains for an Increasingly Globalized Humanitarian Landscape

    Science.gov (United States)

    V. Canyon, Deon; Burkle, Frederick M.

    2016-01-01

    Outcomes of the World Humanitarian Summit were mixed with some refreshing new directions being endorsed and a lack of systemic reform. The selective agenda and OCHAs lack of success in engaging pre-meeting political participation not only hampered the Summit’s ability to deal with global issues and institutional reform, but also alienated it from leading aid agencies and governments. The UN’s failure to commit to humanitarian principles and global disarray of the humanitarian system indicates the need for extensive reform or a new global humanitarian body. This agency needs to employ a decentralized model to manage aid funds, assume coordination of international responses, resolve civil-military coordination, cater for people affected by both conflict and disasters, and professionalize the humanitarian career.  PMID:27679738

  8. Sport and globalization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gems, Gerald R.; Pfister, Gertrud Ursula

    2014-01-01

    dissemination around the world. In spite of resistance by the adherents of gymnastics or traditional movement cultures, sport with its focus on competition and records became popular all over the world. Both Great Britain and the United States induced their political and cultural hegemony via the soft power...

  9. Sports Tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gozalova Marina

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. This article is devoted to sports tourism. The purpose of this article is to examine theoretical material on sports tourism, to analyze sports tourism in Russia and to search for promising areas for the study of sports tourism in our country. Material and methods. In this part the authors develop the idea of the role of doing sports and keeping fit. For anyone who really wants to be healthy, fitness has become an integral part of their lives. Results. The purpose of this research is to study theoretical material on sports tourism, to analyze sports tourism in Russia and to search for promising areas for the study of sports tourism in our country. On the basis of their research the authors come to the conclusion that sports and tourism are interconnected. There are important factors affecting the situation of sports tourism in Russia. The paper examines sports tourism attractions in Russia. Conclusion. The authors conclude that there exists a high correlation dependence of foreign and domestic development of sports tourism on resources allocated for sports infrastructure. All in all, sports tourism tours draw visitors to their favorite sporting event, facility, or destination throughout the world.

  10. Rape in war: the humanitarian response.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shanks, L; Schull, M J

    2000-10-31

    Women and children are vulnerable to sexual violence in times of conflict, and the risk persists even after they have escaped the conflict area. The impact of rape goes far beyond the immediate effects of the physical attack and has long-lasting consequences. We describe the humanitarian community's response to sexual violence and rape in times of war and civil unrest by drawing on the experiences of Médecins Sans Frontières/Doctors Without Borders and other humanitarian agencies. Health care workers must have a keen awareness of the problem and be prepared to respond appropriately. This requires a comprehensive intervention protocol, including antibiotic prophylaxis, emergency contraception, referral for psychological support, and proper documentation and reporting procedures. Preventing widespread sexual violence requires increasing the security in refugee camps. It also requires speaking out and holding states accountable when violations of international law occur. The challenge is to remain alert to these often hidden, but extremely destructive, crimes in the midst of a chaotic emergency relief setting.

  11. Globalisation, complex humanitarian emergencies and health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Dempsey, T J D; Munslow, B

    2006-01-01

    A new political economy of conflict has emerged in the aftermath of colonialism and the Cold War. Complex political emergencies have been simmering in the post-colonial world for more than three decades. Intra-country armed conflict, often combined with natural disasters, at present contributes to the displacement of over 20 million people world-wide. The international community remains profoundly uncomfortable with the complex political emergencies of the new era, torn between the respect for national sovereignty upon which the international political system of the United Nations and other agencies is built, and the growth of concern with human rights and a burgeoning International Humanitarian Law. Globalisation may have brought many benefits to some but there are also many losers. The Word Bank and the International Monetary Fund imposed structural adjustment policies to ensure debt repayment and economic restructuring that have resulted in a net reduction in expenditure on health, education and development. A downward spiral has been created of debt, disease, malnutrition, missed education, economic entrapment, poverty, powerlessness, marginalization, migration and instability. Africa's complex political emergencies are particularly virulent and tenacious. Three examples that are among the most serious humanitarian emergencies to have faced the world in recent times--those in Angola, the Democratic Republic of Congo and Sudan--are reviewed here in detail. The political evolution of these emergencies and their impact on the health of the affected populations are also explored.

  12. Needs for new tools in humanitarian Demining

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sieber, Alois J.

    2000-12-01

    Humanitarian demining is interdisciplinary, encompassing subjects that span from Engineering, Chemistry, and Physics to the Social Sciences. Partners in this field are not only the suffering community and the deminers, but also researchers, industrial developers, Non Governmental Organisations, policymakers, etc. There is common agreement, that the present approach in demining, means by making use of dogs, prodders, metal detectors and mechanical devices will not allow the global scourge of landmines to be overcome within the next 10 to 15 years, as requested by the Ottawa convention. New tools are needed. Especially in the domains of minefield survey, of close-in mine detection, of quality assurance after finishing clearance and last but not least for the verification of the adherence with the Ottawa Convention. The aim of the talk is to introduce experts in remote sensing sensor systems of different kinds, make them aware about the need for advanced tools for humanitarian demining, and to invite an active brainstorming in order to find new solutions. Furthermore, the presentation will focus on the assessment of the potential of air- and space-borne systems for mine field survey.

  13. On the Inheritance and Protection of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Sports in China%我国体育非物质文化遗产的传承与保护

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俎浩; 曲天敏

    2013-01-01

    非物质文化遗产的传承与保护是提高我国文化软实力的重要体现。本文通过文献法、逻辑分析法等对体育非物质文化进行分析,从历史、政治、文化等方面分析概括了体育非物质文化遗产保护的意义。以及体育非物质文化遗产具有非物质性、活态性、复杂性、整体性等特点。并从校园、农村、媒体、法律等方面提出了保护体育非物质文化遗产的一些策略。%To inherit and protect the intangible cultural heritage is an important way of improving the manifestation of China's cultural soft power .This article analyses the sports intangible culture by the documentary method , logical analysis, summarizes and analyses the significance of the sports intangible cultural heritage protection from the as -pect of history, politics, culture and etc.And the sports intangible cultural heritage has features of incorporeity , living state, complexity, globality .This text proposes some strategies of the sports intangible cultural heritage pro-tection from the aspect of campus , country, media, law and etc.

  14. 我国电子竞技发展中的“文化堕距”问题及对策%"Culture lag"problems and solutions in e-sports development in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈亮; 于文谦

    2016-01-01

    "Culture lag"refers to the various parts interdependence in the composition of culture is inconsistent with speed in the event of changes.E-sports in the evolution and development process,must have"culture lag"problem accompanied with e-sports culture changes, manifested in particular in:the faster development of e- sports material culture,the relative backward of e-sports institutional culture construction, and the seriously delayed e-sports spiritual culture transformation.All of the above is an important cause of the marginalization of e-sports in China.Based on this,to develop e-sports in China,the basic guarantee is to continue the development of material culture,the key is to further improve the institutional culture,and the core part is to vigorously promote e-sports spiritual culture.%“文化堕距”是指由相互依赖的各部分所组成的文化在发生变迁时,各部分的变迁速度不一致。电子竞技在我国的演变和发展过程中,必然伴随着电子竞技文化的变迁而存在着“文化堕距”效应,具体表现在:电子竞技物质文化发展速度较快、电子竞技制度文化建设相对滞后、电子竞技精神文化转变严重滞后。这一效应是造成电子竞技在我国被边缘化的重要原因。基于此,认为继续发展电子竞技物质文化是解决问题的基础保障、进一步完善电子竞技制度文化是解决问题的关键所在、大力推进电子竞技精神文化是解决问题的核心环节。

  15. Fusion and Innovation:the Coexistence and Development of Sports History and Sports Culture---review of the 2nd academic seminar of sports history on both sides of the Taiwan straits%融合与创新:体育史与体育文化共生发展--第二届海峡两岸体育运动史学术研讨会综述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王宏江

    2014-01-01

    2014年7月,第二届海峡两岸体育运动史学术研讨会在成都体育学院举行。文章对入选此次会议的部分具代表性论文进行了综述,就大会参会情况予以报告,并对当下两岸体育史与体育文化研究做了展望。%In July 2014, the second academic seminar of the sports history across the Taiwan straits was held in Chengdu Sport University. The paper sums up the theses in the seminar and briefs the attendance of the seminar. It fur-ther discusses the present situation of the research of sports history and sports culture between the straits.

  16. 广西城市体育文化圈构建研究--基于“南宁市1小时体育文化圈”的实证%Study of Urban Sports Cultrue Circle Construction in Guangxi---Taking One Hour of Sports Culture Circle in Nanning as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    莫再美; 魏修鑫; 范冬云

    2015-01-01

    Urban sports culture circle is an important carrier for city population’s body -building and soul -cultivation.With the study methods of literatures and on -the -spot investigation,the author analyzes the current situation and developing model of One Hour of Sports Culture Circle in Nanning (OHSCCN).The results show that the content of OHSCCN includes space -time construction,sports event construction and culture resource construction.The developing model of Guangxi city sports culture circle should emphasize that integrate sports characteristics with culture brand,integrate natural layout with scientific planning,integrate leisure tourism with sports culture and event’s operation with daily management.%城市体育文化圈是当前城市居民全民健身与修心的重要载体。本文以文献与实地调研相结合的方法,探究了南宁市1小时体育文化圈构建的实证以及城市体育文化圈构建的理论模式。研究认为:南宁市1小时体育文化圈的内涵包括时空构建、体育项目构建与文化资源构建等;广西城市体育圈的发展模式应注重体育特色与文化品牌、自然布局与科学规划、休闲旅游与体育文化、赛事运作与日常管理的完美结合。

  17. Culture Originality Interpretation on Sports Brand Advertising%体育品牌广告之文化创意解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵云龙

    2011-01-01

    Advertising design originality is the soul of an advertisement,without which,it is impossible to produce excellent advertisement design.It has grown from the simple sports sponsorship to accurate visual communication,from the extensive advertising in sports to strategic management.Through public eyeball catching advertisement,a company shows its brand and culture through the creativity of its advertisement,thereby transfers enterprise culture and expands enterprise brand influence.%广告设计中创意是广告的灵魂。从简单的体育赞助到精确的视觉传达,广告在体育中的关注从粗放式的投入在转向策略化管理创意的过程中,通过广告抢夺大众的"眼球",在广告创意中寻求更有效的方法来表现品牌及其文化,传递企业的文化,扩大企业的品牌影响力。

  18. Analyzing Humanitarian Intervention from an African Point of View

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    - Okoh ThankGod Emeka

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the concept of humanitarian intervention from the African perspectives, owing to the none existed of agreed definition or codification of this concept in international law, it has continued to generate considerable interest among scholars and public servants. With a large share of global conflicts, Africa finds itself at the centre of this controversy surrounding the concept of humanitarian intervention. The author tries to present and analyze the reasons behind Africa's tendency to exhibit extreme skepticism to any notion of intervention of external forces in the continent even when beautifully dressed with the word humanitarian.

  19. 从环法自行车赛看体育赛事的文化意蕴%A Culture Analysis of the Sports Event from Tour de France

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范明志

    2011-01-01

    Tour de France is one of the world's three major sports events,has more than 100-year operation.Consulting the documents and biographies of the event,the article analyzed the culture attribute of Tour de France.Tour de France is the typical representative of French culture,and combination of sports and social,economic and cultural;We deeply understand the importance of the culture;The blend of culture and sports events helps people to form scientific concept of sports events;We should use the cultural resources effectively,so as to promote the attraction of the sports events and develop the sports events sustainably.%环法自行车赛(Tour de France)是世界上的三大体育赛事之一,具有一百多年的历史。本文在对有关环法赛事文献和传记进行梳理和回顾的基础上,对环法赛所蕴含的文化属性进行了研究。环法赛是法国文化的典型代表,是体育与社会,经济和文化的完美结合;通过环法赛我们更深的认识到文化在体育赛事中的灵魂作用;文化与体育赛事交融有助于人们形成科学的体育赛事理念;在体育赛事的运作中应该积极有效地利用文化资源,提升体育赛事的吸引力,使体育赛事健康的、可持续的发展。

  20. Sport in Germany. Basis-Info: Social Policy. In-Press.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beitz, Steffen

    This report describes sports in Germany, explaining that sport is part of Germany's culture. Popular sports are enjoyed by both the public and private sector. Germany has a well-developed club and association sector. One in three Germans belongs to a sports organization. A major feature of sport in Germany is its autonomy. Popular sports begin in…

  1. Sports Injuries

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... sometimes you can injure yourself when you play sports or exercise. Accidents, poor training practices, or improper ... can also lead to injuries. The most common sports injuries are Sprains and strains Knee injuries Swollen ...

  2. Interlanguage comparison of sport discourse (on the material of sport analytic article

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gavryushina Ekaterina Alexandrovna

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the study of cultural and mental specificity of language units in the sport communication. The study was conducted on the material of English, Russian and German analytical articles, thematically related to tennis. Using the technique of cross-language comparison it is revealed significant characteristic parameters of sports discourse. The proposed comparative procedure consists in three stages of analysis: linguistic, cognitive-communicative and linguistic-cultural. During the analysis at each step there were identified certain criteria specific to the sport discourse in three linguasocieties. Sport communication reflects not only the specificity and originality of the language, but also the traditions, history, mentality, culture, and behavior patterns of modern professional sport community. Comparative study of sport discourse reveals the cultural, linguistic and cognitive features of sublanguage sports and allows to get a common view of the structure of sport analytical articles.

  3. Microwave radiometry for humanitarian demining: experimental results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Joel T.; Kim, Hyunjin; Wiggins, David R.; Cheon, Yonghun

    2002-08-01

    Previous modeling studies have indicated that a multi-frequency radiometer could prove advantageous for humanitarian demining due to the oscillatory patterns in brightness temperature versus frequency that would be observed in the presence of a sub-surface target. Initial experimental results are reported in this paper from a multi-frequency radiometer (MFRAD) system operating at 19 frequencies in the 2.1-6.5 GHz band. The basic design of MFRAD is reviewed, and the calibration and noise background removal procedures discussed. Experimental results with sub-surface metallic and styrofoam targets are then provided that demonstrate the predicted oscillatory behavior. An FFT-based detection algorithm is also described and applied to measured data. Further plans for experiments and tests with this system are also detailed.

  4. Humanitarian mine detection by acoustic resonance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kercel, S.W.

    1998-03-01

    The JASON Committee at MITRE Corp. was tasked by DARPA to inquire into suitable technologies for humanitarian mine detection. Acoustic resonance was one of the very few technologies that the JASONs determined might be promising for the task, but was as yet unexplored at the time that they conducted their inquiry. The objective of this Seed Money investigation into acoustic resonance was to determine if it would be feasible to use acoustic resonance to provide an improvement to present methods for humanitarian mine detection. As detailed in this report, acoustic resonance methods do not appear to be feasible for this task. Although acoustic resonant responses are relatively easy to detect when they exist, they are very difficult to excite by the non-contact means that must be used for buried objects. Despite many different attempts, this research did not discover any practical means of using sound to excite resonant responses in objects known to have strong resonances. The shaker table experiments did see an effect that might be attributable to the resonance of the object under test, but the effect was weak, and exploited the a priori knowledge of the resonant frequency of the object under test to distinguish it from the background. If experiments that used objects known to have strong acoustic resonances produced such marginal results, this does not seem to be a practical method to detect objects with weak resonances or non-existent resonances. The results of this work contribute to the ORNL countermine initiative. ORNL is exploring several unconventional mine detection technologies, and is proposed to explore others. Since this research has discovered some major pitfalls in non-metallic mine detection, this experience will add realism to other strategies proposed for mine detection technologies. The experiment provided hands-on experience with inert plastic mines under field conditions, and gives ORNL additional insight into the problems of developing practical

  5. Innovative Social Management-a Strategic Choice of Deepening Sports Culture System Reform%创新社会管理:深化体育文化体制改革的策略选择

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈玉忠

    2012-01-01

    在对我国体育文化体制改革背景阐述的基础上,分析当前我国文化体制改革中存在着的问题:体育文化的功能发挥不够全面;体育文化的经济效益与社会效益不平衡;体育文化管理体制改革滞后;人民群众参与社会管理的作用发挥不够等,并从创新社会管理的视角提出了对策:切实保护民众的体育文化权益;加快转变政府体育文化管理职能;充分发挥社会体育组织的作用等深化体育文化体制改革。%Elaborating on the background of China's sports culture system reform,the article discusses the existing problems in the reform,i.e.,the function of sports culture has not been brought into full play;the economic and social benefits are out of balance;the reform of sports culture management system is lagging behind;the involvement of people in social management is not enough.From the angle of innovative social management,it puts forward the suggestions of protecting people's right of sports culture,speeding up the transformation of the government's function of sports culture management,bringing into full pay the function of social sports organizations,etc.

  6. Improving effective surgical delivery in humanitarian disasters: lessons from Haiti.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kathryn Chu

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Kathryn Chu and colleagues describe the experiences of Médecins sans Frontières after the 2010 Haiti earthquake, and discuss how to improve delivery of surgery in humanitarian disasters.

  7. Some thoughts on humanitarian logistics and quantitative methods

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Cooper, Antony K

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Some of the research issues in humanitarian logistics and quantitative methods discussed in this presentation are Identifying people in a disaster; Facilitating movement of people and aid; Geographic Information Services (GIS) to support...

  8. Applications open for THE Port 2016: Humanitarian Hackathon

    CERN Multimedia

    2016-01-01

    Do you fancy donating your brain to a good cause for 60 hours? Would you like to apply your knowledge and skills to solving humanitarian challenges? Are you motivated to demonstrate the value of science to society? Apply for our humanitarian hackathon taking place in IdeaSquare at CERN, from the 14 to the 16 October. You will work in an interdisciplinary team on challenges proposed by international organisations, humanitarian NGOs and academic institutions, e.g. ICRC, Handicap International, Global Humanitarian Lab, University of Geneva and Anglia Ruskin University. Example topics: Better emergency shelters Reducing risks posed by counterfeit drugs Sound for health Safe & clean field disposal of medical waste Sixty hand-picked innovators will be assembled into teams six weeks ahead of the event to give time for a “virtual preparation”, where you can dive into the problem, assisted by field experts, and start to conceptualise a possible solution. The applicatio...

  9. Photobiomodulation on sports injuries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xiao-Guang; Liu, Timon C.; Jiao, Jian-Ling; Li, Cheng-Zhang; Xu, Xiao-Yang

    2003-12-01

    Sports injuries healing has long been an important field in sports medicine. The stimulatory effects of Low intensity laser (LIL) irradiation have been investigated in several medical fields, such as cultured cell response, wound healing, hormonal or neural stimulation, pain relief and others. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether LIL irradiation can accelerate sports injuries healing. Some experimental and clinical studies have shown the laser stimulation effects on soft tissues and cartilage, however, controversy still exists regarding the role of LIL when used as a therapeutic device. Summarizing the data of cell studies and animal experiments and clinic trials by using the biological information model of photobiomodulation, we conclude that LIL irradiation is a valuable treatment for superficial and localized sports injuries and that the injuries healing effects of the therapy depend on the dosage of LIL irradiation.

  10. Parenting in sport.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knight, Camilla J; Berrow, Steffan R; Harwood, Chris G

    2017-08-01

    This paper provides a brief summary and commentary on the growing literature on parenting in sport, with a particular emphasis on literature from the last 2-3 years. Following a brief introduction overviewing the topic area, we firstly focus on the influence of parental involvement on children. Specifically, we examine the range of factors that influence children's perceptions of parental involvement and the consequences of different behaviors. Next we discuss the factors influencing parental involvement, such as the challenges and stressors associated with parenting children in sport and the culture within different sports. Finally, our review focuses upon the strategies developed by parents to facilitate their involvement in their children's sport, as well as the few papers focused upon parent education and support. We conclude by examining the need for further research and examination of support strategies for parents. Crown Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. 体育文化心理结构的理论初探:可能及限度%Possibilities and Limitations of Psychological Structure of Sport Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭远兵; 漆昌柱

    2013-01-01

    体育文化的研究方向是要打破学科画地为牢的偏见,突破学理层面的反复论争,借鉴自然科学的研究方法。该文从心理主义、功能反观结构和“体育人”构念切入,分析体育文化存在心理结构的可能性,又从反心理主义、方法论困境和强范式与弱范式分析视角解析了可能性限度,以此为体育文化实证化和结构化研究做理论初探。%The trend of researching on sport culture is to break through hedging-in tradition between disciplines and repeated doctrinal controversy, and to introduce methods of natural science. The article analyzes the possibilities of psychological structure within sport culture from the perspectives of psychologism, function of sport culture and physical cultural man,and then interprets the limitations of the possibilities from the point of anti-psychologism,methodological predicament and perspective of strong program and weak program for the purpose of making preliminary theoretical research for empirical study and structured study on sport culture.

  12. EU Humanitarian Programs and regional identity in the South Caucasus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arkhipova Ekaterina Vladimirovna

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available EU Humanitarian Programs in the Southern Caucasus States are considered in the article. The increasing number and importance of the programs developing person-toperson contacts for the conflicting areas are noted. The influence of TRACECA and INOGATE programs was very significant in developing the local economies. Humanitarian aspects became important since 1992 when the first peace-building conferences of the Minsk group on Nagorno-Karabakh conflict took place. The political cooperation was institutionalized in 2004 with the implementing the European Neighborhood program. According to the “Eastern Partnership” a number of grants was offered to develop so called “new democracies”. A lot of educational programs provided the space for the personal cooperation in the area now are implementing. Mobility Partnerships program provides the regional cooperation in the migration policy. Consequently all the EU programs make the European volumes popular for the Caucasian inhabitants. That’s why the author puts the question about possible transformations in the regional identity. The states elites declare the importance for developing close contacts with EU institutes. Still there are some arguable issues. The status of sexual minorities in Azerbaijan provides the base for the mutual discontent in their relations with EU. Yet Azerbaijan has enough financial resources (based on the petrol supplies to reduce the EU influence in some objectionable fields. Georgia under M. Saakashvili ruling showed a strong trend towards EU and “Western” values on the whole. But this trend was mainly based on the strategies of the state financial surviving. There are some evidences proving that the main target of this police was to make a distance from the Russian policy. Armenia may be introduces as the state with strong interests in European cooperation for developing its economy. But there are also some important projects connecting Armenia with Russia, still

  13. Measurements of the Russian identity: Sociological assessments and humanitarian expertise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A A Onosov

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Within the framework of the existing scientific approaches, the authors consider the process of ethnization of the Russians’ mass consciousness under the expanding internal and external labor migration in Russia. The article presents the results of the situational analysis and humanitarian expertise of the set of key challenges determined by the migration. Based on the statistics, opinion polls data and expert assessments the article describes the empirical model of the identity of ethnic Russian population of Moscow and the Moscow region as the major centers of attraction for international migrants. The comprehensive analysis of the issues and controversies of the labor migration in the region and relationships of ethnic groups living in the region is preceded by the description of the identity of native inhabitants of the region as perceived by the ethnic Russian population. To measure the identity for the axiological ranking the authors use a number of relatively independent variables besides ethnic (national identity: religious involvement, civilizational orientation, cultural, professional, territorial and other important features. Thus, the authors present a multi-dimensional space of identity, in which each dimension has its specific meaning for personal self-identification and its own scale for assessing particular attributes.

  14. Humanitarian Assistance and ’Soft’ Power Projection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-04

    challenge the current dogma that U.S. military humanitarian support must maintain the ‘status quo’ and remain reactionary. The decoupling will occur in...future challenges that go beyond humanitarian assistance. These were not an all inclusive list of similarities between Peace Operations and...Civil Authorities  Intergovernmental organizations (United Nations)  Local population This is not an all inclusive list, but it helps set the

  15. History of Sports Events Value from Perspectire of Culture Anthropology%文化人类学视角下体育赛事价值的历史变迁

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢小瑛; 黄晓灵

    2015-01-01

    Sports events has important status in the construction of sports culture,the article took sports events as a kind of cultural phenomenon of human social life of spirit and mental significance. On the basis of sports history,the development of sports events were divided into 3 stages and its value changes untangled. Reasons of sports value change in different periods were dissected by culture anthropology. The value of sports events focused on human development and needs vary reflecting in politics,economy,cul-ture,education and moral belief.%体育赛事在体育文化建设中具有举足轻重的的地位,文章将体育赛事定位为一种人类社会生活具有精神和心理表征意义的文化现象。依体育史分期将体育赛事发展分为三个阶段并对其价值变迁脉络进行梳理,结合文化人类学理论分析不同时期体育赛事价值变迁的原因;认为体育赛事围绕人的发展需要,表现在政治、经济、文化教育、道德信仰等方面的价值随历史不断向前演进在各时代体现程度不同,各有侧重。

  16. Assessing the sociology of sport : On critical sport sociology and sport management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Knoppers, Annelies

    2015-01-01

    On the 50th anniversary of the ISSA and IRSS, Annelies Knoppers, one of the leading scholars in understanding the culture of sport in organizational settings, considers how the critical lens of sociology can enhance and mesh with research on sport management. Knoppers argues that there have been los

  17. Assessing the sociology of sport : On critical sport sociology and sport management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Knoppers, Annelies

    2015-01-01

    On the 50th anniversary of the ISSA and IRSS, Annelies Knoppers, one of the leading scholars in understanding the culture of sport in organizational settings, considers how the critical lens of sociology can enhance and mesh with research on sport management. Knoppers argues that there have been

  18. Assessing the sociology of sport : On critical sport sociology and sport management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Knoppers, Annelies

    2015-01-01

    On the 50th anniversary of the ISSA and IRSS, Annelies Knoppers, one of the leading scholars in understanding the culture of sport in organizational settings, considers how the critical lens of sociology can enhance and mesh with research on sport management. Knoppers argues that there have been los

  19. The Significance of Sports Cultural on Funeral Dance in Tujia Nationality%土家族跳丧舞的体育文化学意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    覃兴耀

    2015-01-01

    Research purposes: to explore the significance of sports cultural on Tujia funeral dance, and the methods and way to promote the folk sports. Methods: the literature method, observation method, logic reasoning method. Results and conclusion:Funeral dance,also known as “Jump for Sa Ye Er He”,is a widely circulated traditional sacrificial dance in Tujia Nationality. It has an ancient form of body movements,a unique view of life,the sense of community concept and humorous carnival culture. Bashan Dance is based on it and has become a local popular fitness program through the innovative development and promotion. Therefore,it has completely morphological characteristics of Sports Culture. Its successfully adaption and epidemic provides a revelation on the development of health project in remote rural.%研究目的:考察土家族跳丧舞的体育文化学意义,探寻民俗体育的推广方法与途径。研究方法:文献法、观察法、逻辑分析法。研究结果与结论:跳丧舞也叫"跳撒叶尔嗬",是土家族流传很广的传统的祭祀舞蹈,它具有古朴的身体动作形态,独特的生命观、群体意识观、诙谐的狂欢文化性。在它基础上创新开发的巴山舞,经过宣传推广,现已成为当地流行的健身项目。因此,它具有完全体育文化学上的形态特征,它的成功改编及流行为边远农村健身项目的发展提供了具有启示的思路。

  20. Access to healthcare for the most vulnerable migrants: a humanitarian crisis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pottie, Kevin; Martin, Jorge Pedro; Cornish, Stephen; Biorklund, Linn Maria; Gayton, Ivan; Doerner, Frank; Schneider, Fabien

    2015-01-01

    A series of Médecins Sans Frontières projects for irregular migrants over the past decade have consistently documented high rates of 14 physical and sexual trauma, extortion and mental illness amidst severe healthcare, food, and housing limitations. Complex interventions were needed to begin to address illness and barriers to healthcare and to help restore dignity to the most vulnerable women, children and men. Promising interventions included mobile clinics, use of cultural mediators, coordination with migrant-friendly entities and NGOs and integrating advocacy programs and mental health care with medical services. Ongoing interventions, research and coordination are needed to address this neglected humanitarian crisis.

  1. The Cultural Research of Sports Activities in the "Dream of Red Chamber"%《红楼梦》中体育活动的文化学研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴炎兵; 姜泉花

    2012-01-01

    This article utilizes the literature review method to conduct cultural analysis on the sports activities related to kites, swing, Wei Chi, ancient football, archery, fishing and so on in the "Dream of Red Chamber". From the angle of the origin, development, evolution and inheritance, the sport activities have been combed, in order to provide assislance for developing national traditional sports culture.%运用文献资料法,对《红楼梦》里涉及的风筝、秋千、围棋、踢球、射箭、钓鱼等体育活动进行文化学分析。从起源、发展、演变、传承等角度,对各体育项目进行了梳理,以期为弘扬民族传统体育文化提供帮助。

  2. [Sport medicine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Epstein, Yoram

    2012-02-01

    It is only since the late 20th century that Sport and Exercise Medicine has emerged as a distinct entity in health care. In Israel, sports medicine is regulated by a State Law and a sport physician is certified after graduating a structured program. In the past, sports medicine was related to the diagnosis and treatment of injuries encountered by top athletes. In recent years, the scope of sport medicine has broadened to reflect the awareness of modern society of the dangers of physical inactivity. In this perspective the American College of Sport Medicine (ACSM) recently launched a program--"Exercise is Medicine", to promote physical activity in order to improve health and well-being and prevention of diseases through physical activity prescriptions. This program is from doctors and healthcare providers, adjusted to the patient or trainee. The sport physician does not replace a medical specialist, but having a thorough understanding about the etiology of a sport-related injury enables him to better focus on treatment and prevention. Therefore, Team Physicians in Elite Sport often play a role regarding not only the medical care of athletes, but also in the physiological monitoring of the athlete and correcting aberrations, to achieve peak physical performance. The broad spectrum of issues in sport and exercise medicine cannot be completely covered in one issue of the Journal. Therefore, the few reports that are presented to enhance interest and understanding in the broad spectrum of issues in sports and exercise medicine are only the tip of the iceberg.

  3. Research on Chinese and Western Cross-cultural Sports Marketing Adverting Broadcasting%中西方跨文化体育营销广告传播的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常娟; 常静

    2012-01-01

    The text sums up different Western and Chinese cultures that affect sport market advertisement transmission by using historical experience method,logical analysis method,and comparative analysis;and points that Chinese and Western countries have different value on sport;different view of value,different way of thinking,and different customs and habits.And in the meantime,the text gives a simple research into Multi-culture sports marketing advertisement transmission stratagem on the basic of reaching different culture between China and the Western,also their effect to multi-culture advertisement transmission,according to relative sports marketing and multi-culture advertisement transmission and put forwards methods and skills to improve multi-culture sports marketing advertisement affect.%运用文献资料法、逻辑分析法、比较分析法等研究方法对中西方文化差异对体育营销广告传播的影响进行了总结,指出中西方的体育价值取向、价值观念与思维方式、风俗习惯存在差异,同时根据相关的体育营销理论及跨文化广告传播理论,在研究中西方文化差异及其对跨文化广告传播效果影响的基本上,对跨文化体育营销广告传播策略问题进行初步探究,提出了提高跨文化体育营销广告传播效果的方法与技巧。

  4. Sport and International Relations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Yimeng

    2008-01-01

    As China takes center stage for the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games in August, enthusiasm for the Games extends far beyond the capital city. For Chinese, the Olympics is about national pride and cultural legacy. The Chinese government hopes to make this event a morale booster for the development of the whole country. And for the world, the Olympics is not just a global sporting event, but also an important platform for promoting world harmony and communication between cultures. As editor of Contemporary International Relations, I am mindful of the connection between sport and international relations. Sport today plays a highly significant role in the world, and the impact of this global phenomenon on international relations is often underestimated.

  5. CONSIDERATIONS ON MANAGERIAL ETHICS IN SPORTS ORGANIZATIONS

    OpenAIRE

    Mihai Constantin Razvan BARBU; Liviu CRACIUN

    2012-01-01

    The scholarly literature in the ethics field approaches the ethical management issue in different areas such as accounting, retail, banking, public institutions or private companies. The subject of sports managers’ ethics is not very well highlighted in the national literature, as "sports industry" is constantly evolving. Sports have a strong impact on the national culture, influencing the values of millions of spectators and participants. The definition of sports given by the Council of Euro...

  6. The Importance of American High School Sports

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖钰敏

    2015-01-01

    Sports is an integral part of the American high school education that is very much related to the American culture.Recently there have been some voice suspecting the role of sports in high school due to its supposedly negative effect on teacher-coaches’teaching quality and the tremendous cost to operate sports teams within the school.This article will improve the importance of American high school sports.

  7. The Importance of American High School Sports

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖钰敏

    2015-01-01

    Sports is an integral part of the American high school education that is very much related to the American culture.Recently there have been some voice suspecting the role of sports in high school due to its supposedly negative effect on teacher-coaches' teaching quality and the tremendous cost to operate sports teams within the school.This article will improve the importance of American high school sports.

  8. THE PRINCIPLES OF THE HUMANITARIAN THINKING IN MODELING EDUCATION SYSTEMS AND PROCESSES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irina Vladimirovna Sazina

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective: to consider the current conditions for modeling education systems and processes based methodologically on the principles of “the humanitarian thinking” in a special for Russia moment in history, when educational and cultural types are changing radically; to determine the subject of inquiry and the language of modeling.Methodology: approaches developed by the author as a part of «the aesthetic paradigm of education»Results: the subject of modeling is an integral network of moral and aesthetical values in education systems and processes based on the so-called «humanitarian thinking»; the possibly most successful models of education systems and processes are: «aesthetic education paradigm» as a complete and integral network modeling main values and purposes for strategic planning (“culture creation” and a school everyday life; “moral (value communication” organized through the “network interactions” (interaction between the students and the lecturer of the Pedagogical Academy as a practical model of culture-creating activity.Field of application: educational process in the graduate school (teaching the Humanities, and in the secondary school as an integral network of moral and aesthetical values and purposes in the education system.

  9. ETHICS AND CHANGES IN SPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jovo Radoš

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Ethics, as a practical philosophy, is found in essential relationships and relations with other relevant practical disciplines (economics, law, politics, sport, etc.. Every human activity is ethically grounded. Therefore, human ethics, which includes sport ethics, is one of the fundamental criteria for establishing moral relations in different are as of sport life. Sport morale stems from a universally accepted ethics legal principles that aim at maintaining sport spirit based on the Olympics codex and humanity principles, among which are: consciousness and honesty, righteousness, cultural-behavior principle, openness, and the like. Changes in sport (organizational, structural, competition, etc. need to be adequately adjusted to universal, and generally accepted, values. Avoiding deontological ethics inevitably leads to increased sports immorality (referees_ fixing match results, spectators_ aggressive behavior, cheating using for bidden doping, etc.. Thus, projecting and introducing innovations in the field of sport, which, after all, are necessary and unavoidable in all areas of life, including sport, will eventually show its positive results only if the aforementioned aspects of sport ethics are taken into consideration.

  10. Preparing Teachers for Diversity: The Role of Initial Teacher Education. Annex 2 To the Final Report to DG Education, Youth, Sport and Culture of the European Commission. Case Study Summaries

    Science.gov (United States)

    European Commission, 2017

    2017-01-01

    "Preparing Teachers for Diversity: The Role of Initial Teacher Education. Annex 2 To the Final Report to DG Education, Youth, Sport and Culture of the European Commission. Case Study Summaries" is designed as a companion document to the final report "Preparing Teachers for Diversity: The Role of Initial Teacher Education. Final…

  11. “Red wins”, “black wins” and “blue loses” effects are in the eye of beholder, but they are culturally universal: A cross-cultural analysis of the influence of outfit colours on sports performance.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sorokowski Piotr

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Although many studies have demonstrated an influence of uniform colors on sports performance, there are still more questions than answers regarding this issue. In our study, participants from Poland (N = 147 and China (N = 143 watched a two-minute video of a semi-professional boxing match. The participants viewed six different versions of the same fight - the original was modified to change the colors of the boxers’ trunks (red vs. blue, blue vs. red, blue vs. black, black vs. blue, red vs. black, and black vs. red. We experimentally confirmed that “black wins” and “red wins” effects exist, but in a way that caused an erroneous perception of the number of blows landed by boxers wearing red and black trunks fighting against boxers in blue trunks. We also showed that both effects are similarly strong even in Chinese culture, where the color red has different connotations from those in Western cultures. Additionally, our results suggest that context might play a very important role in the assessments of the boxers - color only influenced the perception of the weaker boxer. Finally, our findings suggest that the topic of the influence of colors on sports competitions has not been thoroughly investigated and further studies are necessary.

  12. Estimation of incident solar radiation on the roof of the cultural and sports university centre of the Foundation University Los Libertadores

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiménez, S. A.; Carrillo, V. M.; Rátiva, L. C.

    2016-02-01

    This document shows the estimate of the total solar irradiance incident for the set of solar collectors to be located on the roof of cultural and sports university centre (CSUC) of the Foundation University Los Libertadores (FULL) in Bogotá, Colombia, and they will be part of the climate control system of the pool built inside. The calculation was based on experimental data of global solar radiation on the horizontal surface on March, July, October, November and December, through the three most commonly models used to determine the total solar radiation on tilted surfaces: isotropic sky, HDKR and Perez. The results show differences of less than 5% between the values calculated by the three models for December, the month with lower irradiance. For this month, reductions up to 15% and 19% were observed in the estimated irradiance, relative to those obtained on a horizontal surface on a surface under ideal orientation and inclination, respectively.

  13. The Paradox of "Original Ecology Sports"— Deconstruction and Reconstruction on Protected Mode of Sports Intangible Cultural Heritage%"原生态体育"悖论:体育非物质文化遗产保护模式的解构与重塑

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万义

    2016-01-01

    This paper explains construction process ,social agents and internal mechanism of "o-riginal ecology sports" from point to surface by the qualitative research methods of participato-ry qualitative observation and field depth interview and writing paradigm of ethnography from the cultural ecology theory combined with three"original ecology sports" fieldwork cases and it is intended to clarify the value orientation and protected mode of the development of sports in-tangible cultural heritage .The result shows that "original ecology sports" is the cultural repro-duction process and results of culture processing ,cultural transplant and cultural reconstruc-tion .It is a kind of existence way of nihilism ,closed and old-fashioned concept of culture and abusive tends coerced by the market .Sports intangible cultural heritage protection must aban-don the conservative philosophy of "original ecology sports" ,further clarify the objects and boundaries of protection ,establish sustainable ecological concept ,build cultural ecology mode and pay attention to the dynamic equilibrium of ecosystem among community residents autono-my ,local governments management and social organizations guidance .%从文化生态学理论出发 ,结合3个"原生态体育"田野调查个案 ,采取参与定性观察、实地深度访谈等质性研究方法以及民族志的书写范式 ,由点及面阐释"原生态体育"的建构过程、社会动因及其内在机制 ,旨在明晰体育非物质文化遗产发展的价值取向和保护模式.研究结果表明 ,"原生态体育"是文化加工、文化移植、文化重建等文化再生产的过程和结果 ,但也存在虚无主义、封闭守旧、市场裹挟等不良倾向.体育非物质文化遗产保护必须摒弃"原生态体育"的保守理念 ,进一步厘清保护的对象与边界、树立可持续生态观、构建文化生态模式 ,并注重社区居民自治、地方政府管理、社会组织指导等生态系统间的动态平衡.

  14. 基于莫里斯符号学理论的满族传统体育文化解读%Interpretation of Manchu traditional sports culture based on Morris' semiotic theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭玉莲; 陈钢; 王悦

    2016-01-01

    Manchu traditional sports culture is an important constituent part of Chinese traditional sports culture, but en-counters sports cultural symbol scattering confusion in the process of inheritance nowadays. Starting with Morris' semiotic theory, by applying the method of unlimited symbol meaning expansion, the authors interpreted the connotations of Man-chu traditional sports culture from such 3 aspects as morphology, semantics and pragmatics. Under morphology, the au-thors divided Manchu traditional sports cultural symbols into such 4 aspects as image symbols, indicative symbols, sym-bolic symbols and metaphoric symbols; under semantics, the authors divided Manchu traditional sports cultural symbols into such 3 aspects as image layer, scenario layer and imagery layer; under pragmatics, studying Manchu traditional sports cultural symbols will have a positive impact and effect on people and society in modern times.%满族传统体育文化是我国传统体育文化的重要组成部分,但在现今传承的过程中,却遇到了体育文化符号零散的困惑.以莫里斯符号学理论为切入点,运用符号无限衍义法,从语形学、语义学和语用学3个方面,对满族传统体育文化内涵进行解读.语形学下将满族传统体育文化符号分为图像性符号、指示性符号、象征性符号和隐喻性符号4个方面;语义学下将满族传统体育文化符号分为物象层、情象层和意象层3个方面;语用学下研究满族传统体育文化符号,在现代对人和社会有积极的影响和作用.

  15. The Cultural/Economic Logic of “Festival Nationalism”: An Analysis of “Anti-Korea” & “Anti-China” Discourses in Taiwanese Media Reports on Sports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chang-De Liu

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available For making an “imagined community,” the nationalist not only invents the concepts of “us” or “our traditions” to maintain national identity but also constructs the images of “others” or “our enemies” to differentiate them from us. In Taiwan, the major “enemies” are Korea and China, two neighbor countries having close relationship with Taiwan in politics, economy, and culture fields. By both quantitative content analysis and qualitative discourse analysis of the media reports on related sport events since the 1980s, this paper examines the development and characteristics of “anti-Korea” and “anti-China” discourse. First, the amounts of both anti-Korea and anti-China discourse have increased in the globalization era of 2000s in which Taiwanese economy became in relative disadvantage to Korea and China. Moreover, the number of anti-Korea discourses is obviously more than that of anti-China through the 1980s to 2000s, while the later has increased in the 2000s as the Chinese economy grew rapidly. Second, these nationalist discourses have been transformed from “politic speech” under the governmental control in the 1980s and 1990s, to a “non-politic/entertaining sentimental performances” by ordinary people and celebrities or artists in the entertainment industry in the 2000s. Third, the so-called “festival nationalism” on Taiwanese media nationalism discourse in the globalization era mainly concentrated on anti-Korea sentiment reports, which was resulted from the competitions of the national economy and the entertainment industry among the three East Asian countries. This paper, thus, illustrates how sporting nationalism have been influenced by the economic competitions, and also demonstrates the transformation and re-construction of nationalism by the cultural economy, rather than built by political power, in the globalization age.

  16. 多校区高校体育文化与校园文化建设发展的研究--以广西财经学院为例%The Development of the Sports Culture and Campus Culture Construction of Multi-campus Universities--A case study on Guangxi university of finance and economics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁风

    2015-01-01

    The research has been carried out in view of the phenomenon of the slow development of multi-campus university sports culture and campus culture construction and the insufficient in the construction of cultural, as well as the measures need to be strengthened and improved. This paper discusses the characteristics of multi-campus high school , the relationship between sports culture and campus culture of universities, the plight and advantages of the sports culture construction of multi-campus high school, and puts forward constructive countermeasures of construction, in order to accelerate the construction of sports culture and campus culture of multi-campus university.%针对多校区高校体育文化与校园文化建设发展缓慢、文化建设中存在不足的现象,以及需要加强和完善的措施等开展研究。探讨多校区髙校的特点,探讨高校体育文化与大学校园文化的关系,探讨多校区髙校体育文化建设的困境与优势、并提出建设性的对策、构建的路径与措施,以期加快多校区高校体育文化与校园文化建设。

  17. 云南民族体育文化与民族地区旅游融合发展研究%Integration Development of Yunnan National Sports Culture and Tourism in National Regions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡俊; 杨绍昌

    2014-01-01

    民族体育文化主要指的是在一些山寨村落开展的各种体育活动形式中所内含的民族文化,民族体育文化中承载着丰富多样而各具特色的民族风情。随着经济的飞速发展,社会的快速进步,人们的思想观念也在不断更新换代,旅游产业变得日益兴旺起来。西部民族体育文化能够有效推动西部地区旅游产业的发展,是西部地区旅游产业发展源源不竭的力量源泉。本文主要以云南的少数民族体育文化为切入点具体谈西部民族体育文化与民族地区旅游的融合发展问题,首先,云南民族体育文化与民族地区旅游融合发展的优越性;其次,分析了云南民族地区旅游产业发展所存在的一系列问题;最后,为云南民族体育文化与民族地区旅游的融合发展提出相关的建议。以期本文能够对云南民族体育文化与民族地区旅游的融合发展提供一些借鉴,进而进一步推动云南民族体育文化与民族地区旅游更好地融合发展。%National sports culture mainly refers to a variety of sports activities in some form of cottage villages carried out in the national culture;national sports culture carries connotations of diverse and distinctive ethnic customs.With the rapid advances in the rapid development of economy,society and people's ideas are constantly upgrading,the tourism industry has become increasingly thrive.Western national sports culture can effectively promote development of the western region of the tourism industry,is a source of strength in the western region's tourism industry inexhaustible.This paper mainly in Yunnan minority sports culture as a starting point to talk about specific integration of development issues in the western minority sports culture and tourism ethnic areas, firstly,the superiority of Yunnan ethnic sports culture and national integration and development of regional tourism;secondly, analyzed the minority areas

  18. Actividades físicas de carácter deportivo en la cultura Celtíbera=Physical activities of sports character in the Celtiberian culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gonzalo Ramírez Macías

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Esta investigación tiene como finalidad fundamental, conocer y caracterizar las actividades físicas de carácter deportivo practicadas por la cultura celtíbera, la cual se desarrolló en la península ibérica desde el siglo VI a.C. hasta el siglo I. La primera parte de este estudio, está dedicada a justificar y fundamentar la investigación. Una vez definidos los objetivos y las fuentes históricas utilizadas para la obtención de datos, se realiza una contextualización histórica sobre la cultura celtíbera. Posteriormente se muestran y analizan los resultados obtenidos en el estudio, los cuales indican que los celtíberos practicaban muchas actividades físicas de carácter deportivo, como la caza o la lucha de campeones. Finalmente, en el último epígrafe, se exponen las conclusiones de la investigación, las cuales se fundamentan en los resultados de la misma y reflejan características específicas de esta cultura, que aún es tan desconocida desde el punto de vista de la historia del deporte.--------------------------------------------------------------------------The main purpose of this research is to know and characterize the physical activities of sports nature practised by the celtiberians, who inhabited Spain from the 6th. Century B.C. to the 1st Century. The first part of this research, the introduction, is devoted to its justification and basis. Once the objectives and the historical sources have been defined, the celtiberian culture is put in historical context. Later, the results obtained in the research are presented and analysed, what points out that celtiberians practised a lot of sport-like physical activities that is the case of the haunting or the champions´ fight. Finally, the research conclusions are expounded, which are based on its results, and show specific characteristics about this culture, which is still unknown from the Sport History point of view. 

  19. The rheology interpretation of destruction and establishment of dragon boat sport culture%龙舟运动文化“破与立”的流变阐释

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈明伟; 谢翔; 王艳琼; 苏奕敏

    2015-01-01

    Dragon boat sport culture is the sport culture phenomenon unique to Chinese nation. It plays an important role in maintaining the national feeling and inheriting the outstanding character of the Chinese nation for thousands of years.The dragon boat sport culture is the dragon totem worship derived from fear of the nature;it is the patriotism from the sublimation of hero;it is the sport spirit from the fusion of conflict and unity.Based on the conception of culture with four levels,this paper researches the modern rheology of dragon boat sport culture through the literature review and expert interview.This study shows that the modern dragon boat sport culture is the rheology from sacrificial culture to souvenir culture,from folk culture to sport culture,and also a rheology that inherits traditional culture yet gets rid of the traditional culture.It is beneficial to explore the intrinsic value of dragon boat sport culture well if grasping the process of trends evidently in different culture layer and to provide new thoughts for modern dragon boat career.%龙舟运动文化是中华民族独有的体育文化现象,千百年来在维系民族情感和传承中华民族优秀品格的过程中发挥了极为重要的作用。龙舟运动文化是对自然的敬畏衍生出的龙图腾崇拜;是对英雄的礼赞升华而来的爱国情怀;是对立与统一相融合的体育精神。本研究从“文化四层次理论”出发,运用文献资料、访谈等研究方法对龙舟运动文化的现代流变进行探析,结果表明:现代龙舟运动文化是祭祀文化向纪念文化的流变,是民俗文化向体育文化的流变,是一场延续传统却又摆脱传统的流变。从不同层面具体而清晰地把握龙舟运动文化的现代流变过程有利于我们更好地发掘龙舟运动文化的内涵价值,给现代龙舟运动的发展提供新的发展思路。

  20. An Empirical Analysis of Humanitarian Warehouse Locations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sander de Leeuw

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to empirically verify characteristics of current warehouse locations of humanitarian organizations (based on public information and to relate those to the model developed by Richardson, de Leeuw and Dullaert (2016. This paper is based on desk research. Public data such as (annual reports and databases are used to determine the features of the location in empirical terms. We find that a significant proportion of our sample co-locates their products at UNHRD premises. This suggests that organizations prefer to cluster their warehouse activities, particularly when there is no fee involved for using the warehouse (as is the case in the UNHRD network. The geographic map of the current warehouses, together with the quantified location factors, provides an overview of the current warehouse locations. We found that the characteristics of the current warehouse locations are aligned with literature on location selection factors. Current location can be characterized by infrastructure characteristics (in particular closeness to airport and safety concerns and by the low occurrence of disasters. Other factors that were considered by us but were not supported by empirical evidence were labor quality and availability as well as the political environment. In our study we were only able to use a limited sample of warehouses. We also focused our research on countries where two or more organizations have their warehouses located. We did not account for warehouse sizes or the kinds of products stored in our analysis.

  1. 山西体育非物质文化遗产资源特征与发展研究%On the Resource Features and Development of Shanxi Sports lntangible Cultural Heritage

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐杰; 石晓峰

    2015-01-01

    民族传统体育和一些带有体育活动性质的民俗活动被纳入体育非物质文化遗产当中,体育非物质文化遗产逐渐受到广泛的关注。文章采用文献资料法、田野调查法等方法对山西体育非物质文化遗产资源特征与开发进行研究。研究认为:山西体育非物质文化遗产资源富含晋商文化元素,呈现戏曲化的表现形态,体现武舞交融的审美情趣,具有传承的家族性和竞技的团体性等特征。一些资源面临消失,保护抢救体育非物质文化遗产已迫在眉睫,保护传承与旅游开发只有做到统筹兼顾、协调发展,才能保证体育非物质文化遗产的可持续发展。%National traditional sports and some folk activities with sports features are included in sports intangible cultural heritage, which has gradually gained the concern. The study applies document research method and field investigation method to investigate the features and exploitation of the sports intangible cultural heritage. It is argued that Shanxi sports intangible cultural heritage resources bear the elements of Shanxi merchant culture and traditional opera and indicate the integration of martial art and dance, which have the family characteristic of inheritance and competitive features. As some resources are in danger, it is high time protected the sports intangible cultural heritage. Only if the overall consideration and coordinated development should be involved in the heritage protection and tourism exploitation, the sports intangible cultural heritage can develop sustainably.

  2. Humanitarian and medical challenges of assisting new refugees in Lebanon and Iraq

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caroline Abu Sa’Da

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The massive and continuing flows of Syrian and Palestinian refugees to Syria’s neighbours have shown the limitations of humanitarian practice and present new challenges for medical and humanitarian interventions.

  3. The impact of humanitarian context conditions and individual characteristics on aid worker retention

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Korff, Valeska P.; Balbo, Nicoletta; Mills, Melinda; Heyse, Liesbet; Wittek, Rafael

    2015-01-01

    High employee turnover rates constitute a major challenge to effective aid provision. This study examines how features of humanitarian work and aid workers' individual characteristics affect retention within one humanitarian organisation, Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) Holland. The study extends exi

  4. Innovation in Graduate Education for Health Professionals in Humanitarian Emergencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, Dabney P; Anderson, Mark; Shahpar, Cyrus; Del Rio, Carlos; Curran, James W

    2016-10-01

    The objective of this report was to show how the Center for Humanitarian Emergencies (the Center) at Emory University (Atlanta, Georgia USA) has trained graduate students to respond to complex humanitarian emergencies (CHEs) through innovative educational programs, with the goal of increasing the number of trained humanitarian workers. Natural disasters are on the rise with more than twice as many occurring from 2000-2009 as there were from 1980-1989. In 2012 alone, 144 million people were affected by a natural disaster or displaced by conflict worldwide. This has created an immense need for trained humanitarian workers to respond effectively to such disasters. The Center has developed a model for educational programming that targets learners along an educational continuum ranging from the undergraduate level through continuing professional education. These programs, based in the Rollins School of Public Health (RSPH) of Emory University, include: a competency-based graduate certificate program (the Certificate) in humanitarian emergencies; a fellowship program for mid-career professionals; and funded field practica. The competency-based Certificate program began in 2010 with a cohort of 14 students. Since then, 101 students have received the Certificate with 50 more due for completion in 2016 and 2017 combined. The fellowship program for mid-career professionals has hosted four fellows from conflict-affected or resource-poor countries, who have then gone on to assume leadership positions with humanitarian organizations. From 2009-2015, the field practicum program supported 34 students in international summer practicum experiences related to emergency response or preparedness. Students have participated in summer field experiences on every continent but Australia. Together the Certificate, funded field practicum opportunities, and the fellowship comprise current efforts in providing innovative education and training for graduate and post-graduate students of public

  5. 我国民族传统体育文化保护研究——韩国文化遗产保护经验引起的思考%Research on the Chinese Traditional Sports Culture Protection —— Thinking of South Korean cultural heritage protection experience

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪全先

    2012-01-01

    Using literature, logic analysis and other research methods, reading South Korea Intangible cultural heritage protection experience, discussing the origin of the south Korean taekwondo culture and promotion track, from the South Korea relevant experience of intangible cultural heritage protection, building protection strategy of the national traditional sports culture of our country: improving the legal protection system, enhancing the legal practice intensity; promoting national traditional sports culture and cultivating people voiuntarily protect consciousness; developing national traditional sports industry, to improve their own innovation development ability; paying attention to the national tradition sports culture origin research, obtaining the initiative of international discourse; regulating traditional ethnic sports competition rules, paying attention to the international propaganda; supporting the national traditional sports culture inheritance, encouraging ethnic and folk spread.%主要运用文献资料、逻辑分析等研究方法,解读韩国文化遗产保护经验,探讨韩国跆拳道文化的起源与推广轨迹,借鉴韩国文化遗产保护的相关经验,构建我国民族传统体育文化的保护策略:完善法律保护制度,增强法律践行力度;宣传民族传统体育文化,培养民众自觉保护意识;发展民族传统体育产业,提高自身创新发展能力;重视民族传统体育文化的渊源研究,取得国际话语主动权;规范民族传统体育项目竞赛规则,注重国际宣传;扶持民族传统体育文化传承人,鼓励民族、民间传播。

  6. 体育动漫文化及其社会价值意义的研究%The Research of Sports Anime Culture and Significance of its Social Value

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王耀; 张鲲

    2011-01-01

    Taking the society culture significance of sports anime as the breakthrough point, through comparing re- search and the development situation of sports cartoon industry in China and foreign countries, and combined with the specific social reality, to our country sports anime cultural value reading, puts forward the development of the sports anime should make good use their special work of cultural functions, and eventually promote social and indi- vidual all - round and harmonious development of the study concluded.%文章以体育动漫的社会文化意义作为研究的切入.点,通过对比中外体育动漫文化的发展现状,并结合我国的具体社会实际,对我国的体育动漫进行文化价值解读,提出我国应做好体育动漫的发展工作,利用好其特殊的文化功能作用,从而促进人与社会的全面、和谐发展。

  7. Ubuntu and Capabilities Approach: Basic Doctrines for Calibrating Humanitarian Action

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rapatsa Mashele

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This article explores prospects of using Ubuntu and Capabilities Approach to expand the scope of humanitarian action, to design one which serves humanity better even in the absence of disaster to essentially fulfil human development needs. It is considerate of the fact that humanitarian works contributes immensely in determining the extent to which humanity thrives. The traditional view on humanitarianism presupposes action-driven initiatives geared towards devising interventions to restore or reinforce human social order, improve livelihoods and quality of life. In sociological terms, human development is dependent on realizing and safeguarding, amongst others, human well-being, civil liberties and social security. The article utilizes core values enshrined in Ubuntu, Africa’s historic philosophy of life, and Amartya Sen’s Capabilities Approach as tools of analysis, with the view to expressing how to operationalize what should be considered stable humanitarian conditions and human well-being. Owing to persistent socio-economic challenges, especially the poverty problem, it is asserted that humanitarian action ought to depart from being a post-disaster intervention strategy, to being a pro-active and preventative pre-disaster orientated action, intended to nurture well-being and resultantly enable human development.

  8. Humanitarian logistics: Review and case study of Zimbabwean experiences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charles Mbohwa

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper reviews and presents findings on mini-case studies done on the difficulties and problems faced by humanitarian organisations in running logistics systems in Zimbabwe. Document analysis was done and this was complemented by mini-case studies and semi-structured interviews and site visits. Mini-case studies of the operations of the World Food Programme, the International Red Cross Society and the Zimbabwe Red Cross Society, the World Health Organisation, the United Nations Children's Fund and the Zimbabwean Civil Protection Organisation in Zimbabwe are discussed. These clarify the difficulties and problems faced such as the lack of trained logistics personnel, lack of access to specialised humanitarian logistics courses and research information, the difficulty in using and adapting existing logistics systems in attending to humanitarian logistics and the lack of collaborative efforts that address the area specifically. This study seeks to use primary and secondary information to inform decision-making in humanitarian logistics with possible lessons for neighbouring countries, other regions in Africa and beyond. Activities on collaborative networks that are beneficial to humanitarian logistics are also suggested.

  9. The Military Logistics Support of Humanitarian Relief Efforts during Low-Intensity Conflict

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-09-01

    of military logistics support of relief efforts low-intensity conflict, a study of the land, people, government, economy and history of each country...U.S. policy goals, the actual humanitarian relief operation, and the military logistics support provided used to the question: ’What are the key...elements to provide successful logistics support of humanitarian relief efforts during low-intensity conflict? Military Logistics , Humanitarian Relief, Low-Intensity Conflict, Afghanistan, Chad, Humanitarian Aid, Logistics

  10. Eye Injuries in Sports

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... in Sports Which sports cause the most eye injuries?Sports cause more than 40,000 eye injuries each ... and racquet sports.When it comes to eye injuries, sports can be classified as low risk, high risk ...

  11. Significance of youth and sports in Ukraine backup for the education of the younger generation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tikhonova N.V.

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: determine the social significance and especially the development of youth and sports reserve in Ukraine. Material : a questionnaire survey of 50 experts in the sphere of physical culture and sports. Results : notes that children and youth and sports reserve three tasks: training of sports reserve, rehabilitation of children and youth, education of children and youth. Structure of youth and sports reserve in Ukraine in 1455 has youth sports schools, 184 specialized youth sports school of Olympic reserve, sports club 4522, 891 children and youth sports and sports club in the community population, 17 schools of Physical Culture and Olympic reserve, 35 high school sports. Conclusions : Children and Youth and reserve a sport that requires a thorough reform. Determined that develop youth sport must youth sports school.

  12. 休闲体育消费文化与消费行为的关系研究%The Study of the Relation Between Leisure Sports Consumption Culture and Consumption Behaviors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵强; 许纳; 阴涛; 黄道名

    2014-01-01

    为研究休闲体育消费文化与消费行为的关系,在心理学领域计划行为理论的基础上,构建休闲体育消费文化理论模型。研究显示,休闲体育消费态度、主观规范和休闲体育消费感知行为对消费行为有重要的影响;此外,休闲体育消费文化观念对消费意向有显著影响,休闲体育消费意向对消费行为有显著影响。因此,休闲体育文化对消费行为有显著影响。最后,结合相关心理学知识和营销学知识,提出构建休闲体育文化的相关建议,以此来促进休闲体育消费,并进而拉动经济增长。%Based on the Theory of Planned Behavior from the Psychological Area, this paper develops a theoretical model of sports consumption culture, for the study of the relation between leisure sports consumption culture and consumption behaviors. As it reveals, the attitudes towards leisure sports consumption, subjective norm and perceived behavior control all have obvious influences on consumption behaviors. And also, the influence of the culture concept of leisure sports consumption on consumption intention and the influence of consumption intention on consumption behaviors are significant. So, leisure sports culture haven obvious influence consumption behaviors. Finally, combining the knowledge of psychology and marketing, it gives some suggestions on the construction of leisure sports culture in order to stimulate the consumption of leisure sports consumption and thus boost the development of economy.

  13. Teaching Sport as History, History through Sport

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wheeler, Robert F.

    1978-01-01

    Describes an undergraduate history course based on two themes: sport as a reflection of society and sport as a socializing agent affecting society. The course focuses on sports and industrialization, traditional and modern sports, political and economic aspects of sport, and inequality and discrimination in sports. (Author/JK)

  14. The Enlightenment of Sports Dance Music “China” under the Fusion of Chinese and Western Culture%中西文化融合对体育舞蹈音乐“中国化”的启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪阳帆

    2014-01-01

    Based on the analysis of sports dance music , on the basis of the connotation of the “Chinese style”, this paper puts forward the solution of the sinicization of sport dance music .The main purpose is to make sports dance music “China” under the fusion of Chinese and western culture .%文章在分析体育舞蹈音乐“中国化”的内涵的基础上,提出了体育舞蹈音乐中国化的解决办法,以期对在中西文化融合背景下体育舞蹈音乐“中国化”提出一些起发和建议。

  15. Mimetic desire and scapegoat mechanism in sport

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jernej Pisk

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The most fundamental question about sport is what is sport, what is its origin and its essence? Because sport is connected with the human being (there is no sport without human beings different anthropological visions of human being result in different understandings of sport. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper is to present and explain an anthropological vision of the human being and society as was developed by René Girard. In his view mimetic desire and the scapegoat mechanism have a central role in any culture, religion or other secular institutions. The explanatory power of his theory is presented when it is applied to the world of sport. METHODS: Our methodology is philosophical, involving conceptual analysis and the application of the outcomes to sport. RESULTS: In the paper we show that mimetic desire can be recognized as one of the important origins of recreational and competitive sports. When people recognize what other people are able to do or accomplish in sport this invokes the mimetic desire as a result of which motivation for sport and competiveness can arise. But mimetic rivalry leads to an unstable situation. Therefore a second element is needed: Scapegoating in sport is presented as a mean to preserve the good reputation of sport, to keep peace in sport as well as in society as a whole. Finally, the attempt to overcome mimetic desire and scapegoating in sport is presented and the question if this is worth trying at all is opened. CONCLUSIONS: The theories of mimetic desire and scapegoat mechanism have great explanatory power when they are applied to the field of sport. They could reveal us some hidden motives and forces which drive athletes and sport as a whole. Moreover, they exceed the world of sport and reveal the influence of sport on the whole of society.

  16. On the Culture of Sports Tourism in Bai Ethnic Wedding Ceremony%白族婚礼中婚庆体育文化探索研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚雪梅; 黄建芬; 和执军

    2015-01-01

    大量白族结婚礼仪活动内容在不断被外来的礼仪活动汉化并逐渐消失,但是在大理周边的边远山区的边远县城中依然完整地保留了白族许多的古老结婚仪式和习俗,其中包含了大量的民族传统体育文化,如“耳子歌”、“哩革歌”、“摆丑舞”是白族婚庆文化中颇具代表性和典型性的礼仪活动,它们以不同的规模、不同的时间出现,小到盖房、搬家的小型亲友聚会活动,大到“本主”庙会的请神活动,都以各式各样的形式表达出来,同时这些活动也是研究白族先民的婚庆体育文化和白族人民历史发展的有力依据。%A lot of Bai wedding ethnic ceremony activities are gradually Chinesized and disappeared with the influence from the foreign etiquette activities, but in the remote mountainous areas and remote counties around Dali, there still retain many of the ancient Bai wedding ceremony and customs, which contain a large number of national traditional sports culture contents, such as ethnic songs and dances, being the representative and typical rituals of Bai ethnic wedding culture. They appear in different time , with different scales, different occasions, such as houses construction, party of family, temple God worship activities,are showed with different forms. They form a strong basis for the study on the Bai ancestors wedding sports culture and the historical development of the Bai people.

  17. A Simulation to Evaluate Joint Military Logistics in a Humanitarian Assistance Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-01

    A SIMULATION TO EVALUATE JOINT MILITARY LOGISTICS IN A HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE ENVIRONMENT THESIS...protection in the United States. AFIT/LSCM/ENS/12-04 A SIMULATION TO EVALUATE JOINT MILITARY LOGISTICS IN A HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE ENVIRONMENT...FOR PUBLIC RELEASE; DISTRIBUTION UNLIMITED. AFIT/LSCM/ENS/12-04 A SIMULATION TO EVALUATE JOINT MILITARY LOGISTICS IN A HUMANITARIAN

  18. Sport in the Sociocultural Process. Second Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hart, Marie

    This anthology is an introduction to the sociocultural study of sport for those in physical education, sociology, anthropology, or any other study of human behavior in the social process. Part I provides a cultural framework, a series of definitions, and some understandings of the cultural setting of sport in American society as an orientation to…

  19. Sports Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘洪毓

    2004-01-01

    Sports medicine has become one of the biggest and fastest growing medical fields in recent years. That is because sports have become a major part of most societies. As work becomes more stressful (紧张的,压力重

  20. Sports Physicals

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Prepare for Your Sports Season Choosing the Right Sport for You Contact Us Print Resources Send to a Friend Permissions Guidelines Note: Clicking these links will take you to a site outside of KidsHealth's control. About TeensHealth Nemours.org Reading ...

  1. Sport Toekomstverkenning

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Marieke van Bakel; Ine Pulles; Annet Tiessen-Raaphorst; Frank den Hertog; Robert Vonk; Casper Schoemaker

    2017-01-01

    Deze publicatie verschijnt enkel digitaal op www.sporttoekomstverkenning.nl. Welke maatschappelijke veranderingen beïnvloeden de sport in Nederland? Waar gaat het heen met de sport tussen nu en 2040? Welke kansen, maar ook keuzes biedt dit voor de sportsector en het sportbeleid? Deze vragen

  2. Sports Physicals

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... more specific about athletic issues. During a regular physical, however, your doctor will address your overall well-being, which may include things that are unrelated to sports. You can ask your doctor to give you both types of ... if your sports physical exam doesn't reveal any problems, it's always ...

  3. Sports Nutrition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Missouri State Dept. of Health, Jefferson City.

    This guide deals with various aspects of sports and nutrition. Twelve chapters are included: (1) "Sports and Nutrition"; (2) "Eat to Compete"; (3) "Fit Folks Need Fit Food"; (4) "The Food Guide Pyramid"; (5) "Fat Finder's Guide"; (6) "Pre- and Post-Event Meals"; (7) "Tips for the…

  4. Paralympic Sports

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    The sport movement for persons with a disability has changed dramatically over the last dec- ades with even more changes ahead.Public awareness has increased.More and more individuals with a disability of all ages find interest in sport.

  5. Sport Management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parkhouse, Bonnie L., Ed.; And Others

    1984-01-01

    Traditional teaching and coaching positions have become scarce but the expanding field of sport management has created its own job market, demanding new skills and preparation. Three articles are offered that explore different aspects and possibilities for a sport management career. (DF)

  6. 论高职院校职业性体育文化挖掘与体育教育教学%On Vocational Sports Culture Exploration and Physical Education in Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈裕华; 倪永辉

    2016-01-01

    高职院校职业体育文化立足于学生学习专业、未来职业生涯,以培养学生职业体育文化意识和职业性体育能力为目的。通过阐述高职院校体育教育教学的不足、潜力激发、教师队伍建设、改革推动等职业体育文化挖掘的积极作用,提出完善体育教育教学、职业性体育教研、职业性体育能力培养等职业体育文化挖掘的主要途径,以及职业性体育教育教学要与专业、职业、行业相结合的具体措施。%Vocational sports culture in higher vocational colleges is based on the students' professional and future career,in order to cultivate students'professional sports culture consciousness and professional sports ability for the purpose.This paper expounds the positive role of sports education in higher vocation-al colleges,such as the teaching of physical education,teachers' team construction,reform and promo-tion,and puts forward the main ways to improve the teaching of physical education,such as the improve-ment of the teaching of physical education,the training of professional sports,the professional sports abil-ity,and the specific measures of the combination of professional,professional and industry.

  7. Significance of youth and sports in Ukraine backup for the education of the younger generation

    OpenAIRE

    Tikhonova N.V.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: determine the social significance and especially the development of youth and sports reserve in Ukraine. Material: a questionnaire survey of 50 experts in the sphere of physical culture and sports. Results: notes that children and youth and sports reserve three tasks: training of sports reserve, rehabilitation of children and youth, education of children and youth. Structure of youth and sports reserve in Ukraine in 1455 has youth sports schools, 184 specialized youth sports school o...

  8. Optimizing detector trials for humanitarian demining

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaal, Mate; Baer, Sylke; Bloodworth, Thomas J.; Guelle, Dieter; Lewis, Adam M.; Mueller, Christina; Scharmach, Martina

    2004-09-01

    The performance of mine detecting instruments is embedded in the behavior of a complex system. The total reliability is always composed of the intrinsic physical detection capability of the sensor, application/environmental influences and human factors. The intrinsic capability and some application factors can be investigated in laboratory measurements. Human factors, other application factors and the overall reliability, can only be evaluated in blind field trials in which the probability of detection (PoD) and false alarm rate (FAR) are measured statistically. Both of these approaches are included in CEN Workshop Agreement CWA 14747:2003, which standardizes detector testing in Humanitarian Demining. We report here the results of a study to investigate how to optimize such testing. For efficient and statistically valid field trials, the number, types and burial depths of targets, and the number of test lanes, soil types, repetitions and operators need to be carefully chosen. Laboratory results should be used to help construct field trial protocols and also to help distinguish the different contributions to the PoD and FAR, to determine where to improve insufficient performance. In this study, four models of metal detector were tested in three field trials and in the laboratory. The repeatability of the field trials is assessed, taking into account operator training and experience. Results of the laboratory tests are compared with results of the field trials and used to construct a "modular model" of the system, as used in nondestructive testing. The conclusions are, in principle, applicable to trials of other types of sensor.

  9. A research on non-material sports cultural heritage education and promotion in Hebei province%河北省农村学校体育非物质文化遗产教育普及推广研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王书彦; 张英建; 韦启旺; 杨万林; 崔雪梅

    2016-01-01

    学校开展非物质文化遗产教育是法律的规定。河北省是体育非物质文化遗产大省,也是较早开展体育非物质文化遗产教育的省份之一。本研究着眼于具有先天传承条件的广大农村学校,以文献资料、访谈、问卷调查等方法,就体育非物质文化遗产教育传承情况进行了深入研究和探讨。研究发现,河北省仅有三分之一农村学校开设了民族传统体育类课程;杨式太极拳、沧州武术等项目在农村学校得到一定传承。传承存在区域发展不平衡、传承项目种类单一、形式化和传承效果难以保证等问题。针对普及与发展制约因素提出,正确认识学校传承体育非物质文化遗产的重要意义和使命,大力开发民间体育课程人力资源,推动体育非遗项目列入体育师资培养全过程,打造体育非遗项目传承教育研究团队,着力广大农村学生体育非遗项目学习兴趣地培养。%It is the requirement of law to conduct cultural heritage education at school. Hebei province has the largest non-material sports cultural heritage,and it is one of the earliest to carry out non-material sports cultural heritage education.This article, by employing the methods of documentary material, interview and questionnaire survey,focuses on some rural schools possessing inherited advantages and discusses non-material sports cultural heritage education teaching conditions.The study finds that only one-third of the countryside schools in Hebei conduct the national traditional sports courses;sports items such as Yang-style Tai chi chuan and Cangzhou martial arts are inherited in some rural schools.However, the inheritance courses are unbalanced in different regions;the inheritance types are monotonous and formalized and the effect of inheritance is difficult to guarantee.Concerning with the restricting factors for the popularization and development,the article explores how to

  10. Measles vaccination in humanitarian emergencies: a review of recent practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Watson John

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The health needs of children and adolescents in humanitarian emergencies are critical to the success of relief efforts and reduction in mortality. Measles has been one of the major causes of child deaths in humanitarian emergencies and further contributes to mortality by exacerbating malnutrition and vitamin A deficiency. Here, we review measles vaccination activities in humanitarian emergencies as documented in published literature. Our main interest was to review the available evidence focusing on the target age range for mass vaccination campaigns either in response to a humanitarian emergency or in response to an outbreak of measles in a humanitarian context to determine whether the current guidance required revision based on recent experience. Methods We searched the published literature for articles published from January 1, 1998 to January 1, 2010 reporting on measles in emergencies. As definitions and concepts of emergencies vary and have changed over time, we chose to consider any context where an application for either a Consolidated Appeals Process or a Flash Appeal to the UN Central Emergency Revolving Fund (CERF occurred during the period examined. We included publications from countries irrespective of their progress in measles control as humanitarian emergencies may occur in any of these contexts and as such, guidance applies irrespective of measles control goals. Results Of the few well-documented epidemic descriptions in humanitarian emergencies, the age range of cases is not limited to under 5 year olds. Combining all data, both from preventive and outbreak response interventions, about 59% of cases in reports with sufficient data reviewed here remain in children under 5, 18% in 5-15 and 2% above 15 years. In instances where interventions targeted a reduced age range, several reports concluded that the age range should have been extended to 15 years, given that a significant proportion of cases occurred

  11. Refugees, humanitarian aid and the right to decline vaccinations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caplan, A L; Curry, David R

    2015-03-01

    Recent instances of governments and others refusing humanitarian assistance to refugees and IDPs (internally-displaced persons) unless they agreed to polio immunization for their children raise difficult ethical challenges. The authors argue that states have the right and a responsibility to require such vaccinations in instances where the serious vaccine-preventable disease(s) at issue threaten others, including local populations, humanitarian workers, and others in camps or support settings. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.

  12. Exploring the Possibilities of Developing Sport Tourism in Linzi

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    Though the concept of sport tourism has been applied to various products and services in a number of destinations, such as the USA and the UK, it is still a relatively new area for China tourism market. Sport tourism destination researches are mainly based on western countries with advanced developed competing sport industry and history and the feasibility of sport tourism based on a destination with cultural heritage sport resource has not well explored. This paper has two aims to achieve. F...

  13. Sacrifícios, sonhos, indústria cultural: retratos da educação do corpo no esporte escolar Sacrifices, dreams, culture industry: portraits of bodily education in school sports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danielle Torri

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available O artigo apresenta resultados de uma pesquisa que procurou investigar aspectos da educação do corpo, focando um programa de Esporte Escolar para meninos e meninas de uma escola pública de Florianópolis. Foram realizadas observações sistemáticas do contexto das sessões de treinamento e das competições, além de entrevistas narrativas e levantamento de alguns dados da instituição. Os resultados foram organizados em três grandes categorias de análise. Nomeamos a primeira de Castigos, punições e sacrifícios. Ela diz respeito à forma encontrada pelos treinadores para lidar com a dinâmica de repreensão e emulação de sua equipe. A segunda categoria, batizada de Formação humana X sonho de profissionalização, discorre sobre o papel das representações e expectativas sobre o futebol para as crianças em contraposição à formação que a escola e o esporte prometem lhes proporcionar. A escolha da terceira categoria se deu pela presença constante dos rituais nas práticas corporais organizadas, com especial atenção, nesse caso, ao esporte. Ela foi denominada Rituais como técnica. As considerações finais sugerem uma interpenetração entre rituais, expectativas de futuro e questões moralistas envolvidas no esporte, apontando a prevalência do interesse de controle como central. Além disso, sugerem o mimetismo das práticas do esporte convencional pela mediação da indústria cultural.This article presents results of a research that sought to investigate aspects of bodily education, focusing in a program of School Sports for boys and girls from a public school in Florianópolis, Brazil. Systematic observations were made of the contexts of training sessions and competitions, apart from discursive interviews and some data gathering about the institution. Results were organized in three major analysis categories. The first of them was called Punishments, penalties and sacrifices. It relates to the way found by coaches to

  14. 河南省新农村体育文化建设发展环境及动力支持研究%Study on development environment and dynamic support of new countryside sports culture construction in Henan province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘笑舫; 贾东晨

    2011-01-01

    运用专家访谈法和问卷调查法对河南省新农村体育文化建设的发展环境及动力支持进行研究.结果表明:河南省新农村体育文化建设通过省政府和体育主管部门的领导,在乡镇文化工作站和农村社会体育指导员的指导下,向着常态化、科学化和可持续性的方向发展,并呈现出不同的地域特征.同时,中央关于农村建设的政策法规、农民的个人需求、和谐社会建设的本质需要为河南省新农村体育文化建设提供了动力支持.%Using expert interview and questionnaire,the article studied the new countryside sports culture construction conditions and dynamic support in Henan province.The results show that:through government and sports departments of leadership,the new countryside sports is developing towards normality,scientific and sustainability,the direction of the new countryside sports culture faded prototypes.The spiritual demand of peasants,new countryside and the construction of harmonious society provides motive support for new countryside sports culture construction in Henan province.

  15. 中西方体育文化交流的“变异”现象--从文化概念层次分析%Variation of Chinese and Western Sports Culture in Communition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈英杰

    2013-01-01

    In order to promote the communication and development between Chinese and Western sports culture, this article, using literature consultation, comparative analysis and logical analysis, makes a systematic study of the variation of Chinese and Western sports culture in communication from the aspect of cultural concept. The paper holds that the communication, collision and fusion of different cultures cause the changes of different cultures in the long process of civilization development. Chinese and Western sports cultures, which have their own characteristics, have changed in the process of communication and development. Sport items with different characteristics in different ethnics with different cultures have their different destiny. And the development of different sports lies in the cultural soil rather than its place of origin.%  为促进中西方体育文化交流与发展,文章从文化概念层次以中西方体育文化交流的“变异”现象为主要研究对象,通过文献资料法、对比法、逻辑分析法等方法进行了系统研究和分析,认为在漫长的文明发展过程中,不同文化的交流碰撞与融合造就了不同文化的转变,作为有着自身特色的中西方体育文化,在发展交流过程中也出现了“变异”现象,不同特点的运动项目在不同文化特征的民族中传承也有着不同的命运,而不同的体育项目,其发展不在于其发源地在哪,而在于有无适合其发展的文化土壤。

  16. Progress and gaps in reproductive health services in three humanitarian settings: mixed-methods case studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casey, Sara E; Chynoweth, Sarah K; Cornier, Nadine; Gallagher, Meghan C; Wheeler, Erin E

    2015-01-01

    Reproductive health (RH) care is an essential component of humanitarian response. Women and girls living in humanitarian settings often face high maternal mortality and are vulnerable to unwanted pregnancy, unsafe abortion, and sexual violence. This study explored the availability and quality of, and access barriers to RH services in three humanitarian settings in Burkina Faso, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), and South Sudan. Data collection was conducted between July and October 2013. In total, 63 purposively selected health facilities were assessed: 28 in Burkina Faso, 25 in DRC, and nine in South Sudan, and 42 providers completed a questionnaire to assess RH knowledge and attitudes. Thirty-four focus group discussions were conducted with 29 members of the host communities and 273 displaced married and unmarried women and men to understand access barriers. All facilities reported providing some RH services in the prior three months. Five health facilities in Burkina Faso, six in DRC, and none in South Sudan met the criteria as a family planning service delivery point. Two health facilities in Burkina Faso, one in DRC, and two in South Sudan met the criteria as an emergency obstetric and newborn care service delivery point. Across settings, three facilities in DRC adequately provided selected elements of clinical management of rape. Safe abortion was unavailable. Many providers lacked essential knowledge and skills. Focus groups revealed limited knowledge of available RH services and socio-cultural barriers to accessing them, although participants reported a remarkable increase in use of facility-based delivery services. Although RH services are being provided, the availability of good quality RH services was inconsistent across settings. Commodity management and security must be prioritized to ensure consistent availability of essential supplies. It is critical to improve the attitudes, managerial and technical capacity of providers to ensure that RH

  17. Rapportage sport 2008

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koen Breedveld; Carlijn Kamphuis; Annet Tiessen-Raaphorst

    2008-01-01

    Sport boeit. Sport bindt. Sport bevordert de gezondheid. En sport betaalt. Sport is anno 2008 ongekend populair. Tweederde van de Nederlanders doet aan sport. Na zwemmen en fietsen is fitness de meest populaire sport geworden. Daarnaast zetten anderhalf miljoen Nederlanders zich als vrijwilliger

  18. 文化大发展大繁荣背景下的体育服务体制改革%Reform of the Sports Service System under the Background of Thriving Cultural Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李建国

    2012-01-01

    From the angle of cultural system reform,the paper analyzes the status quo of China's sports service system and the existing problems,such as insufficient policy support to the market service,weak public service basis,non-standardization of social service,etc.It tries to find out the basic ways and measures for the reform of sports service system from the aspects of sports public service,sports market service,sports social service and so on.It stresses some relations that should be handled properly in the reform of sports service system,i.e.,the relation between government and service organization and service object,the relation between sports public service and market service,the relation between sports public service and social service and the relation between the quality control and quality promotion of sports service.%从文化体制实践改革的视角,分析了我国体育服务体制的现状及存在的问题:市场服务未得到有效政策支持、公共服务基础薄弱、社会服务缺乏规范等现象。并从体育公共服务、体育市场服务、体育社会服务等方面探究体育服务体制改革的基本路径和措施,同时提出体育服务体制改革中应处理好的几个关系:政府与服务组织及服务对象的关系、体育公共服务与市场服务的关系、体育公共服务与社会服务的关系及体育服务质量控制与提升的关系等。

  19. Institutionalized humanitarian actions and ethnic distance given in the example of Greeks and Serbs nowadays

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Blagojević Gordana

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This work views the relationship between humanitarian actions and ethnic distance in the example of Greeks and Serbs nowadays. There is an issue of a motive and a role of ethnic distance in the manner of conveying humanitarian help, as well as its wider social consequences. The activities of two organizations are taken as an example: the Red Cross and the Greek Caravan of Solidarity. During wars on the territory of Yugoslavia in the 1990s the Red Cross of Serbia was included in an action with the aim of enabling the continuation of education for the children from the war stricken parts. Many other organizations were also included in giving help. The work of the Greek Caravan of Solidarity as an institution which has a specific method of giving help is viewed here. Apart from extenuating the children's war traumas, the numerous gifts and hospitality over the years brought to the deepening of ethnic closeness. Among other things, the expansion of Greek language and culture came as a result of this. The hospitality and friendship have been continued after the war until today.

  20. Olympic Flame Illuminates National Sports

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Susan; Brownell

    2008-01-01

    In an e-mail interview,the pundit of China Central Television’s On the Spot Olympics coverage,Susan Brownell,gave Beijing Review her impressions of the Olympics lasting legacy on the nation and the Games themselves. A former U.S. track-and-field athlete her-self,Brownell is an authority on Chinese sports,having written several books on the country itself and conducted fieldwork on sports and body culture,and Olympic Studies. She was guest pro-fessor at the Beijing Sports University throughout 2007-08,and is currently Professor of Anthropology at the University of Missouri-St. Louis.

  1. The Sport Nexus and Gender Injustice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ann Travers

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Male-dominated and sex segregated elite professional and amateur sport1 in North America constitutes a "sport nexus" (Burstyn, 1999; Heywood & Dworkin, 2003 that combines economic and cultural influence to reinforce and perpetuate gender injustice. The sport nexus is an androcentric sex-segregated commercially powerful set of institutions that is highly visible and at the same time almost completely taken for granted to the extent that its anti-democratic impetus goes virtually unnoticed. The sport nexus’s hegemonic role in defining sporting norms (Coakley & Donnelly, 2004 means that its role in shaping lower level amateur and recreational sporting institutions and cultures is highly significant. Fraser (2007 defines gender justice, and hence democracy, in terms of "participatory parity," that is, material and cultural equality for women. The sport nexus itself is characterized by highly gendered occupational segregation (Coventry, 2004. It further contributes to gender injustice, homophobia and transphobia by promoting the ideology of the two sex system (Fausto-Sterling, 2000 and gendering citizenship as fundamentally male (Burstyn, 1999. Feminist strategies for sport reformation attempt to reduce or eradicate the role of the sport nexus in legitimating and perpetuating gender injustice. In this article I consider the potential of these strategies and conclude with a set of recommendations for transforming organized sport at both elite and recreational levels.

  2. The Sport Nexus and Gender Injustice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ann Travers

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Male-dominated and sex segregated elite professional and amateur sport1 in North America constitutes a "sport nexus" (Burstyn, 1999; Heywood & Dworkin, 2003 that combines economic and cultural influence to reinforce and perpetuate gender injustice. The sport nexus is an androcentric sex-segregated commercially powerful set of institutions that is highly visible and at the same time almost completely taken for granted to the extent that its anti-democratic impetus goes virtually unnoticed. The sport nexus’s hegemonic role in defining sporting norms (Coakley & Donnelly, 2004 means that its role in shaping lower level amateur and recreational sporting institutions and cultures is highly significant. Fraser (2007 defines gender justice, and hence democracy, in terms of "participatory parity," that is, material and cultural equality for women. The sport nexus itself is characterized by highly gendered occupational segregation (Coventry, 2004. It further contributes to gender injustice, homophobia and transphobia by promoting the ideology of the two sex system (Fausto-Sterling, 2000 and gendering citizenship as fundamentally male (Burstyn, 1999. Feminist strategies for sport reformation attempt to reduce or eradicate the role of the sport nexus in legitimating and perpetuating gender injustice. In this article I consider the potential of these strategies and conclude with a set of recommendations for transforming organized sport at both elite and recreational levels.

  3. DOPING IN SPORT: GLOBAL ETHICAL ISSUES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angela J. Schneider

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available DESCRIPTION In this book the question of "How ethical is using performance improving drugs in sport?" is argued in global perspective. PURPOSE The ethical questions in sport are discussed comprehensively. Particularly, different cultures and approach of various countries to that issue were examined. FEATURES The book composed of 10 chapters following a thorough introduction from the editors in 194 pages. The titles are: 1.Fair is Fair, Or Is It? : A Moral Consideration of the Doping Wars in American Sport; 2.Are Doping Sanctions Justified? A Moral Relativistic View; 3.Cultural Nuances: Doping, Cycling and the Tour de France; 4.On Transgendered Athletes, Fairness and Doping: An International Challenge; 5.Creating a Corporate Anti-doping Culture: The Role of Bulgarian Sports Governing Bodies; 6. Doping in the UK: Alain and Dwain, Rio and Greg - Not Guilty?; 7.The Japanese Debate Surrounding the Doping Ban: The Application of the Harm Principle; 8. Doping and Anti-doping in Sport in China: An Analysis of Recent and Present Attitudes and Actions; 9.Anti-doping in Sport: The Norwegian Perspective; 10.Ethics in Sport: The Greek Educational Perspective on Anti-doping. AUDIENCE Given that this book is about a popular topic in sport, it is a great interest to the sport public as well as students, researchers and practitioners in the sport and exercise disciplines.

  4. Everyday practices of humanitarian aid: tsunami response in Sri Lanka

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fernando, U.; Hilhorst, D.J.M.

    2006-01-01

    This article underlines the importance of grounding the analysis of humanitarian aid in an understanding of everyday practice. It presents ethnographic vignettes illustrating three aspects of aid response in Sri Lanka following the tsunami disaster in 2004. The first deals with the nature of humanit

  5. Energy solutions with both humanitarian and development pay-offs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Owen Grafham

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The normal approach to energy delivery during refugee crises tends to lock in reliance on dirty, dangerous and expensive fuels. Sustainable energy solutions require a long-term planning framework. There are opportunities to align the energy resilience and access goals of host nations with the greening of humanitarian operations and objectives for refugee self-reliance.

  6. 77 FR 14766 - Patents for Humanity Program (Formerly Humanitarian Program)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-13

    ... United States Patent and Trademark Office Patents for Humanity Program (Formerly Humanitarian Program) ACTION: Proposed collection; comment request. SUMMARY: The United States Patent and Trademark Office...- 0066 Patents for Humanity Program comment'' in the subject line of the message. Mail: Susan K....

  7. Humanitarian aid operations in Republica Srpska during Operation Resolute 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thornton, R; Cordell, R F; Edmonds, K E

    1997-10-01

    The humanitarian aid experience of a unit in Bosnia is described. Data are presented for primary care clinics undertaken, showing the range of conditions and age of patients seen. The role of the civilian aid agencies involved is described, together with recommendations for future training requirements for similar operations.

  8. The Nutritious Supply Chain : Optimizing Humanitarian Food Aid

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Peters, Koen; Fleuren, Hein; den Hertog, Dick; Kavelj, Mirjana; Silva, Sergio; Goncalves, Rui; Ergun, Ozlem; Soldner, Mallory

    2016-01-01

    The UN World Food Programme (WFP) is the largest humanitarian agency fighting hunger worldwide, reaching around 80 million people with food assistance in 75 countries each year. To deal with the operational complexities inherent to its mandate, WFP has been developing tools to assist their decision

  9. Research in Humanitarian Supply Chain Management and a New Framework

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Degan YU

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available With the frequency and magnitude of disasters on the rise, millions of people suffer huge losses every year. Scholars have recently proposed various frameworks in disaster relief management in order to guide the research in this field. Although successful disaster relief requires the entire humanitarian supply chain to respond in harmony, it is surprising that there exists no humanitarian relief framework drawn from the perspective of supply chain management. In this article, we create a new research framework for Humanitarian Supply Chain Management (HSCM that is complimentary but distinct from commercial supply chain management (CSCM frameworks. The framework we developed offers a new lens for humanitarian researchers. We also conduct a systematic literature review in this field and identify some opportunities for future research. The results strongly suggest the need for additional empirical research to test the existing concepts and models. Second, there is evidence that research focusing on “upstream” relief chain has been neglected relative to “downstream”. Additionally, due to its rapid advancement, information technology related research opportunities in this field would always be there. Keyword

  10. Investigating the strategic antecedents of agility in humanitarian logistics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    L'Hermitte, Cécile; Brooks, Benjamin; Bowles, Marcus; Tatham, Peter H

    2017-10-01

    This study investigates the strategic antecedents of operational agility in humanitarian logistics. It began by identifying the particular actions to be taken at the strategic level of a humanitarian organisation to support field-level agility. Next, quantitative data (n=59) were collected on four strategic-level capabilities (being purposeful, action-focused, collaborative, and learning-oriented) and on operational agility (field responsiveness and flexibility). Using a quantitative analysis, the study tested the relationship between organisational capacity building and operational agility and found that the four strategic-level capabilities are fundamental building blocks of agility. Collectively they account for 52 per cent of the ability of humanitarian logisticians to deal with ongoing changes and disruptions in the field. This study emphasises the need for researchers and practitioners to embrace a broader perspective of agility in humanitarian logistics. In addition, it highlights the inherently strategic nature of agility, the development of which involves focusing simultaneously on multiple drivers. © 2017 The Author(s). Disasters © Overseas Development Institute, 2017.

  11. Humanitarian Curriculum and Psychosocial Interventions: An Annotated Bibliography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Retamal, Gonzalo; Low, Maria

    2010-01-01

    This paper proposes an analytical description of the impact of violence and natural disasters on schoolchildren. It attempts to explore the present state of the art in psychosocial aspects of education and the curriculum in humanitarian settings. This is carried out through a compilation and a brief annotated bibliography of existing literature…

  12. Determining Medical Staffing Requirements for Humanitarian Assistance Missions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    Medical Staffing Requirements for Humanitarian Assistance Missions complicated by the cooperative nature of working with NGOs, since it is difficult...Improved mortality rate Improved psychological health Hernia repair Cataracts siuge:y Sîurgery Postoperative care OR Nursing Staff Anesthesiobgjsts

  13. Organisational commitment and turnover intentions in humanitarian organisations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wijnmaalen, Julia; Heyse, Liesbet; Voordijk, Hans

    2016-01-01

    Unwanted staff turnover is a prominent HRM problem in humanitarian organisations. In the profit sector, HRM tools such as pay, benefits, socialisation and training have proven to be effective in increasing organisational commitment and decreasing staff turnover. This study explores whether such tool

  14. The Relevance of Humanitarian Intervention in the New ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    The end of the Cold War has enabled a fundamental shift in the concept of ... removed systemic constraints on intervention in internal affairs of states. ... Explain briefly; what were your expectations of the role of ... African context, debate over humanitarian intervention has broadened ...... Department of public information.

  15. Ultra wideband coplanar waveguide fed spiral antenna for humanitarian demining

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thaysen, Jesper; Jakobsen, Kaj Bjarne; Appel-Hansen, Jørgen

    2000-01-01

    to 1 bandwidth with a return loss better than 10 dB from 0.4 to 3.8 GHz is presented. A wideband balun covering the frequency range of the antenna was developed. The constructed spiral antenna is very useful in a stepped frequency ground penetrating radar for humanitarian demining due to the very...

  16. Organizational commitment and turnover intentions in humanitarian organizations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wijnmalen, Julia; Heyse, Liesbet; Voordijk, Hans

    2016-01-01

    Unwanted staff turnover is a prominent HRM problem in humanitarian organisations. In the profit sector, HRM tools such as pay, benefits, socialisation and training have proven to be effective in increasing organisational commitment and decreasing staff turnover. This study explores whether such

  17. Organisational commitment and turnover intentions in humanitarian organisations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wijnmaalen, Julia; Heyse, Liesbet; Voordijk, Johannes T.

    2016-01-01

    Unwanted staff turnover is a prominent HRM problem in humanitarian organisations. In the profit sector, HRM tools such as pay, benefits, socialisation and training have proven to be effective in increasing organisational commitment and decreasing staff turnover. This study explores whether such

  18. Role of the private sector in humanitarian response

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soraya Narfeldt

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available All companies are in business to make a profit - but it’s how a company makes a profit that counts. They should be encouraged to see the many benefits of supporting humanitarian response and operating in an ethical fashion.

  19. Sports nutrition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomanić Milena

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Due to higher energy consumption, physically active people have higher nutritional requirements. In addition to other important factors for sports, such as good health and physical predisposition, adequate nutrition is a fundamental component. Sports nutrition must be well planned and individually adapted based on physical characteristics, tendencies towards gaining or losing weight, frequency, duration and intensity of training sessions. Studies have shown that a well-balanced ratio of macro and micronutrients, with the support of supplements and adequate hydration, can significantly improve athletic performance and plays a key role in achieving better results. An optimally designed nutritional program, with realistic and achievable goals, which complements a well-planned training program, is the basis for success in sports. Only when nutritional requirements are met, deficits can be prevented and performance in sport pushed to the limit.

  20. 大型体育赛事对体育文化旅游开发的促进带动研究——以2012年全国农运会为视角%The Research on Facilitation of Large-Scale Sports Events to the Development of Sports Culture and Tourism the Perspective of the National Peasant Games in 2012

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李新锋

    2012-01-01

    This research on facilitation of large-scale sports events to the development of sports culture and tourism is conducted by experts interviewing and on-site investigation from the perspective of the National Peasant Games in 2012. It shows that National Peasant Games in 2012 can effectively boost the research on the sports cul- ture and tourism in Henan Province in the following aspects: image publicity, industry linkage, brand construction and excavation of culture connotation etc. Blended development with natural ecology resources, historic culture re- sources and the religious art resources should be taken into consideration in the development tactics.%以2012年全国农运会为视角,采用专家访谈和实地调查法,对大型体育赛事与体育文化旅游的资源开发进行研究,认为2012年全国农运会在形象宣传、环境优化、品牌建设和内涵挖掘等方面能够有效地促进带动河南省体育文化旅游的开发.

  1. Sports fractures.

    OpenAIRE

    DeCoster, T. A.; Stevens, M. A.; Albright, J. P.

    1994-01-01

    Fractures occur in athletes and dramatically influence performance during competitive and recreational activities. Fractures occur in athletes as the result of repetitive stress, acute sports-related trauma and trauma outside of athletics. The literature provides general guidelines for treatment as well as a variety of statistics on the epidemiology of fractures by sport and level of participation. Athletes are healthy and motivated patients, and have high expectations regarding their level o...

  2. Sports Accidents

    CERN Multimedia

    Kiebel

    1972-01-01

    Le Docteur Kiebel, chirurgien à Genève, est aussi un grand ami de sport et de temps en temps médecin des classes genevoises de ski et également médecin de l'équipe de hockey sur glace de Genève Servette. Il est bien qualifié pour nous parler d'accidents de sport et surtout d'accidents de ski.

  3. 羌族传统体育非物质文化遗产保护的困境与对策%Dilemma and Breakthrough of Traditional Sports Intangible Cultural Heritage Protection of Qiang Ethnic Minority

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王定宣; 刘中强; 黄山鹰

    2012-01-01

    非物质文化遗产保护为羌族传统体育文化提出了一个崭新的传承理念,搭建了一个广阔的发展平台。通过非物质文化保护把羌族传统体育文化发展纳入政府部门管理发展,指导羌族民族文化的保护和传承,在新的历史时期对羌族民族传统体育文化所蕴含的广博深远内涵的提炼有着重要的作用。分析了羌族传统文化与非物质文化遗产保护取得的成就及存在的问题,并提出了对策。%The intangible cultural heritage protection has given a new concept for the traditional sports culture of Qiang Ethnic Minority and established a broad platform for development. The intangible cultural heritage protection has put the traditional sports cultural development of Qiang ethnic minority under the management of the government and guide the protection and inheritance of the ethnic culture of Qiang ethnic minority. The paper analyses the achievement of the protection of the traditional culture of Qiang ethnic minority and the its problems.

  4. Study on the Fall of Crisis and the Protection Mode of National Traditional Sports Culture%民族传统体育文化的陷落危机与保护模式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪全先

    2012-01-01

    主要运用文献资料、逻辑分析等方法,对民族传统体育文化的概念进行阐释,分析人口流动、城镇化、工业化、现代化、外来文化等引起的陷落危机,构建民族传统体育文化的行政保护模式和法律保护模式。%Using literature, logic analysis and other research methods, interpreting the national traditional sports culture concept, analyzing of collapse crisis Horn population flow, urbanization, industrialization modernization and the foreign culture. Constructing the national traditional sports culture administrative protection mode: confirm cultural programs, administrative ambulance; implement administrative support and protect cultural inheritance; create innovative environment, Administrative encourage. Outline legal protection mode: culture building country, legislative priority; public law to give priority, supplemented by the private law; wake up legal subject, advocate the object itself value.

  5. Research on Chinese Dance Sport Marketization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈翟鹿子

    2016-01-01

    From the view of sports industry, dance sport market can be divided into following types: market for dance sport competition; market for dance sport entertainment; market for dance sport goods; marker for training professionals; and market for dance sport media. From the analyses and discussions we can concluded: 1.Chinese dance sport experienced single event period, multiple development period and reformation period. Nowadays,top quality events have becoming more and more mature and the effectiveness of Dance Sport marketization development has been highlighted. 2.The motive force of the development of market mode for the sports dance competition are deeply innovation and the construction of the primitive flat, the support by the rapid and benign socioeconomic environment,the foundation for the future development given by the improvement of life condition and the change of consumption patterns from survival form to enjoying and developing form, the huge consumer market of sports dance, the culture quality of the sports dance and the broad influence in the world. 3.Under the management of CDSF, there are three types of typical events: Chinese sport dance title matches, club league matches, and international open matches or tournaments. 4.The general adoption of market principle for Sports Dance competition is the club mode and proefssionalization. Therefore, it is necessary for us to found the professional united companies certified by practice. 5.Operations for the market mode of other athletic competitions can provide experience for the construction of market structural mode of dance sport competitions. We should study these successful experience and improve the education for the reserve forces of sports dance persistently. And then construct a more reasonable, more normative competition mechanism to promote the development of sports dance in a healthy and mature way.

  6. 蚌埠市体育文化旅游资源现状分析%An Analysis of the Present Situation in the Development of the Sports Culture Tourist Resources in the City of Bengbu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘明龙; 付荣

    2014-01-01

    Taking Bengbu city sports tourist resources as the research obj ect,this article fully and obj ectively analyzes the problems that exist in the development of sports tourism in the city of Bengbu by using the methods of literature,on the spot investigation,summarization and so on,points out the advantages and disadvantages in the development of Bengbu’s sports culture tourist resources,and finally puts forward some countermeasures and suggestions for the government to find out the ways to develop the sports culture tourist resources by resorting to overall planning and regulations,strengthe-ning propaganda,mining resource,expanding the market,enhancing the development of human re-sources and applying for the qualifications to hold maj or sports events,etc.%以蚌埠市体育文化旅游资源为研究对象,运用文献资料法、实地考察法、总结法等,对蚌埠市体育文化旅游发展过程中存在的问题进行全面客观地分析,指出蚌埠市体育文化旅游资源开发的优势、劣势。提出了政府总体规划和调控;加大宣传力度;挖掘资源,拓展市场;加大人力资源开发;申请重要体育赛事的举办资格等蚌埠市体育文化旅游资源开发途径的对策与建议。

  7. A study on the culture element blend in creating sports dance in China%我国体育舞蹈创编中文化元素的融入研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁条; 朱小琳

    2016-01-01

    By using the method of documents, this paper analyzes the feasibility of blending in culture element into creating sports dance in China, and expounds the principle and proposes some suggestions of blending culture elements in creating sports dance, aimed to provide some references for our sports dance going up to the world stage and promoting Chinese traditional culture.%运用文献资料法对我国体育舞蹈创编中文化元素的融入进行了可行性分析,阐述了体育舞蹈创编中融入文化元素的原则,就如何在体育舞蹈创编中更合理的融入文化元素提出相关建议,旨在为我国体育舞蹈能够通过文化元素的融入进入世界舞台并弘扬中国传统文化提供参考。

  8. The Cultural Character of Three-Goal Ball Sports%浅析三门球运动的文化性格

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    Three-goal ball is a new ball game in the same field,“attack two teams at the same time defend two teams” is its greatest feature. The article advocates the development of simple and practical idea spawned three-goal ball movement to pursue the practicality of physical activity;the complex relationships of the game experience to guide the three-goal ball movement and the pursuit of win-win cooperation of Game. Heritage of fine traditional Chinese culture represents the three-goal ball movement pursuit of authentic native. Interpretation of the above will contribute to the cultural character of the three-goal ball further promote and popularize sports.%三门球是项新型的同场对抗的球类运动,“攻二防二”是其最大特点。主张简单实用的研发思想催生了三门球运动追求身体锻炼的实用性;体验复杂人际关系的游戏过程引导着三门球运动追求共赢与合作的博弈性;传承中国优秀传统文化代表着三门球运动追求原汁原味的本土性。以上文化性格的解读将有利于三门球运动得到进一步推广和普及。

  9. Leisure Sport Park Customer Service Model of Cross-cultural%休闲运动公园客户服务的成长模式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宁科; 翟水保

    2011-01-01

    本文在我国部分城市运动公园休闲的背景下,探究文化与营销因素(例如服务质量、满意度和行为意向)、休闲因素(例如体验、拥挤)之间的因果关系.在对发达城市附近的运动公园游客的调查,采用系统随机选择方法,在多种文化背景的游客常去的位置进行目的性抽样.研究结果显示出可以接受的信度和效度.结构方程模型(SEM)分析发现,文化对营销因素的影响远大于文化对休闲因素的影响.对于三个子类别的进一步分析表现出与总体模型相似的形态,但是文化对于其他五个概念没有显著影响.本文对研究结果进行了讨论,并提出了管理方面的启示和对未来研究的建议.%This article explored the causal relationship between culture and marketing factors (such as service quality, satisfaction and behavioral intention), casual factors (such as experience, crowding), under the background of leisure parks in some cities of our country. In the survey of visitor of sport parks next the developed cities, the paper used systematic random selection method to make purpose samples of locations frequented by tourists in a variety of cultural backgrounds. The results showed the acceptable reliability and validity. From the Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) analysis, the impact of culture on marketing factors is much larger than that on casual factors. The further analysis of the three sub-categories showed a similar pattern with the overall model, but the culture had no significant effect on the other five concepts. In this paper, the results were discussed and the management inspiration and suggestions for future research were proposed.

  10. Early modern sport

    OpenAIRE

    Huggins, Mike

    2017-01-01

    The "early modern" has always suffered problems of periodization. Its beginnings overlap with the Late Middle Ages when sport and athletic exercise were moving away from military training. It encompasses the Renaissance, Reformation, and Counter-Reformation and the scientific shifts of the Age of Enlightenment, movements that were diverse chronologically, geographically, culturally and intellectually. Some historians link its beginnings to block-printing, the beginning of the Tudor period, or...

  11. The West African sports official : an insider's view of sports administration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Beek, van W.E.A.

    2013-01-01

    Using my own experience as a sports administrator, I describe and analyse the organisational culture of West African sports. As a cultural anthropologist and draughts player, I have been President of the Fédération Mondiale du Jeu de Dames for eleven years, followed by four years as Executive Vice-P

  12. Sports and Exercise Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Injuries Sports and Concussions Strains and Sprains Sports Physicals 5 Ways to Prepare for Your Sports Season Handling Sports Pressure and Competition Knee Injuries Runner's Knee Bike Safety Strength Training Dehydration Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Injuries Medial Collateral ...

  13. Facial Sports Injuries

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Find an ENT Doctor Near You Facial Sports Injuries Facial Sports Injuries Patient Health Information News media interested in ... should receive immediate medical attention. Prevention Of Facial Sports Injuries The best way to treat facial sports injuries ...

  14. 从仪式到消费:电视传媒对体育意义生产的文化解读%From ritual to consumption:a cultural interpretation of sports meaning production by TV media

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王庆军

    2012-01-01

      From the perspectives of classic theories such as semeiology and communication science, the author studied sports meaning production by TV media. In terms of the ritual and consumption meanings of entertainment and aesthetics, the carnival rituals of televised sports are quietly replacing people’s personal practice and independ-ent meditation of sports, becoming a lifestyle of contemporaries, reproducing the surplus value of sports consump-tion culture while the planarized health and body images of athletes and their ritualized performances are eliminat-ing the depth norms of time and thoughts.%  在符号学、传播学等经典理论观照下,就电视媒介对体育意义的生产进行了研究。在娱乐与审美的仪式消费意义上,电视化体育的狂欢仪式正在悄然替代人们对体育的亲身实践,成为当代人的一种生活方式,平面化的运动员健康身体形象及其仪式化表演消除着时间与思想的深度范式的同时,再生产了关于体育的消费文化的剩余价值。

  15. 黑龙江省大众冰雪体育文化特点与发展研究%The Cultural Characteristics and Development Research of Heilongjiang Provincial Popular Winter Sports

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜淑华

    2012-01-01

    Build a winter sports national fitness brand,promote the public sports facilities construction,use of the province ice advantage in resource and through festival celebration and large events,we can show local characteristics of ice and snow culture and mass fitness characteristics,and analyze snow sports fitness and snow industry development trends,promote the construction of winter sports province.%黑龙江省大众冰雪体育的发展,应打造冰雪体育全民健身品牌,推进公共体育服务设施建设,利用黑龙江省冰雪资源优势,通过冰雪节庆活动和大型赛事等,展示地方特色的冰雪文化和大众健身特点。其未来发展态势向大众化冰雪体育全民健身和以滑雪俱乐部为代表的大众健身群体化方向发展,向国际冰雪体育赛事冲击,并向体育产业集群和国际化方向发展。

  16. Investigating sport celebrity endorsement and sport event ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    \\' attitudes and the effect of sport event sponsorship and sport ... Results indicate that sport event sponsorship was perceived by participants as a product ... affecting consumers\\' pre-purchase attitudes that may influence buyer behaviour.

  17. Impacts of Campus Sports Culture on the Overall Quality of Arts Students%校园体育文化对艺术类大学生综合素质的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于坤

    2012-01-01

    As a unique cultural phenomenon bearing profound connotation and rich denotation, campus sports culture plays an important role in elevating the overall quality of arts students. It is crucial to cultivate talents with overall quality and create a sound education system that pushes ahead comprehensive development of arts students, especially to the art students' value and world view. Arts schools shall ereate the atmosphere that gives attention to sports and make students love sports, make fidl use of the modern and leading nature of sports culture, and have faculties progress towards healthy, entertaining and competing life.%校园体育文化是一种有着深刻内涵和丰富外延的独特文化现象,对提升艺术类大学生的综合素质具有重要影响。校园体育文化对于培养具有综合性素质的知识性人才,构建能够促进艺术类大学生全面发展的完整教育至关重要,并对学生正确的世界观、价值观形成具有特殊作用。艺术类高校应努力营造一个重视体育、热爱体育的氛围,充分利用体育文化的时代性和先导性,促进广大师生朝着健康,娱乐,竞技的生活方向发展进步。

  18. VISUAL RESEARCH METHODS IN CONTEMPORARY HUMANITARIAN KNOWLEDGE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. I. Lojko

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper considers usage of visual methods in the field of anthropology, social philosophy and semiotics for investigating problems of identity, social habits and media cultural forms on the basis of  photographic practices.

  19. Discussion on the Ideas of the Construction of Ethics of China Sports from Ethical Culture of Zhou and Qin Dynasties%从周秦伦理文化谈中国体育伦理构建思路

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴长稳

    2011-01-01

    The ethical culture of Zhou and Qin Dynasties is the core based on ritual culture of Zhou Dynasty, the assistance based on legal culture of Qin Dynasty and a kind of cultural form combining with ritual and legislation. The research on the ethical culture of Zhou and Qin Dynasties' function and significance to the construction of ethics of China sports was delved deeply, and the basic content and principle of the construction of ethics of China sports was put forward from macroscopic viewpoint.%周秦伦理文化是以周的礼文化为核心,以秦的法文化为辅助的,礼法相结合的一种文化形态.本研究深入挖掘周秦伦理文化对于中国体育伦理构建的作用和意义,并从宏观上提出中国体育伦理构建的基本内容和基本原则.

  20. An analysis of problems existing in the development of Chinese traditional national sports cultures%中华民族传统体育文化发展中存在的问题分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪全先; 商汝松; 李乃琼

    2013-01-01

      以探讨中华民族传统体育文化发展中存在的诸多问题为切入点,分析民族传统体育文化传承存在问题的社会根源,正视文化发展困境,理性认知传承意义;以族群民众愿望为根基,赋予文化选择权;冲破文化封闭,确保内外通畅;突出文化象征符号,凸显民族文化特色;唤醒民众文化自觉,提升民族文化保护意识;以继承传统保存民族记忆,以创新增添文化新鲜血液。%By applying research methods such as literature data analysis, logic analysis and field investigation, starting with probing into various problems existing in the development of Chinese traditional national sports cultures, the au-thors analyzed the social roots of problems existing in the inheritance of traditional national sports cultures, and sug-gested that we should deal with development dilemmas directly, recognize the significance of inheritance rationally, give people of different nationalities the right to choose different cultures based on their wills, break through cultural lockdowns, ensure unobstructed internal and external communication, highlight cultural symbols, distinguish national cultural features, arouse people’s cultural consciousness, uplift their awareness of national culture protection, save na-tional memories by inheriting traditions, and replenish fresh blood to cultures by making innovations.

  1. Discrepancies between international humanitarian law on the battlefield and in the courtroom: the challenges of applying international humanitarian law during international criminal trials

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bartels, R.; Toebes, B.; Brus, M.; Matthee, M.

    2013-01-01

    International humanitarian law and international criminal law are distinct but related fields. The application of international humanitarian law to concrete facts by international tribunals and courts has contributed to the development and clarification of this body of law. However, using a law in

  2. FUNDRAISING IN SPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milica Radović

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Fundrising is the kind of marketing strategy, which the main gool is to provide the money and the other resources. It is the moust important tasks of nonprofit organizacio( sport organiyation and the other organiyation which need money for development project. Fundraising is independent and sistematical way of compilation the financial resource and anather keind of help in nonprofit organization from the private persone, the enterprice, the associate ect.Fundraising enable the activity and realization projects. Aim of this working paper is to givs contibution these important problem of menagement, to explain it and apply it in sport. Today it we haven`t enought the financial resourceies, without activity to provide it, we will very quickly loss sympathy and support who could help as. Financial problems are present not only in the sport organization , but in the culture, social, eco, education and other organizations. Todey there is strong competition at the fundraising market. Sport has advantages in the mass actions frequently and in his places in the psyche and body development people in all of growth, rather then the another nonprofit organization. Fundraising provide a lot of many and create pozitive image in public environment

  3. Managing Collegiate Sport Clubs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matthews, David O., Ed.

    This book is written for the administrators of college sport clubs. It is comprised of a collection of articles on the topics of: (1) Sport Club Administration and Organization; (2) Student Development through Sport Clubs; (3) Sport Club Financing and Fund-Raising; (4) Liability Concerns of Sport Clubs; and (5) Sport Club Program Surveys.…

  4. Humanitarian assistance and accountability: what are we really talking about?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Y S Andrew; von Schreeb, Johan

    2015-06-01

    In the past two decades, there has been a worldwide increase in the number of disasters, as well as the number of people affected, along with the number of foreign medical teams (FMTs) deployed to provide assistance. However, in the wake of the 2010 Haiti earthquake, multiple reports and anecdotes questioned the actual, positive contribution of such FMTs and even the intentions behind these aid efforts. This brought on a renewed interest in the humanitarian community towards accountability. Between 2000 and 2012, the number of "Quality and Accountability" initiatives and instruments more than tripled from 42 to 147. Yet, to date, there is no single accepted definition of accountability in the humanitarian context. The aim of this report was to explore and assess how accountability in the humanitarian context is used and/or defined in the literature. The electronic database PubMed and a predefined list of grey literature comprising 46 organizations were searched for articles that discussed or provided a definition of accountability in the humanitarian context. The definitions found in these articles were analyzed qualitatively using a framework analysis method based on principles of grounded theory as well as using a summative content analysis method. A total of 85 articles were reviewed in-depth. Fifteen organizations had formal definitions of accountability or explained what it meant to them. Accountability was generally seen in two paradigms: as a "process" or as a "goal." A total of 16 different concepts were identified amongst the definitions. Accountability to aid recipients had four main themes: empowering aid recipients, being in an optimal position to do the greatest good, meeting expectations, and being liable. The concepts of "enforcement/enforceability" under the last theme of "being liable" received the least mention. The concept of accountability is defined poorly in many humanitarian organizations. Humanitarian providers often refer to different

  5. On value and culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Value stands for the significance of things,and concepts of value are ideas,opinions and attitudes about what kind of things are significant.Studies on the concept of value cannot be separated from culture.Every society has its own distinct culture and concept of value shared by its people.The relationship between concept of value and culture shows that the building of the concept of value must be based on culture.Developing culture,providing excellent products of culture and better humanitarian environment are the premise for people's possession of the correct concept of value.

  6. The Analysis and Enlightenment on Japanese Sports Culture and Athlete Security%日本体育文化和运动员保障现状分析及启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈彩飞

    2012-01-01

    运动员保障工作是竞技体育可持续发展的基础。文章立足日本体育文化,在把握日本体育管理体制和竞技体育发展战略演变的基础上,分析了日本运动员保障体系,并结合浙江省运动员保障工作实际,提出了推进浙江省运动员保障工作的意见建议。%The athletes' security affairs is the foundation of sustainable development of competitive sports industry.This article analyzes Japanese athlete's security system on the basis of Japanese culture and sports culture as well as an insight into the characteristics of Japanese competitive sports management?system reform.Combining the practical situation of athlete security in Zhejiang province,the article proposes some suggestions on athlete security work in Zhejiang province.

  7. 校园体育文化活动对大学生网络成瘾的干预策略%Intervention Strategies of Campus Sports Cultural Activities on Internet-addicted Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    聂锴

    2012-01-01

    Internet addiction of college students has become a social problem,which not only affect students' study and life, but also affect their psychological health. Through the experimental study and taking campus sports cultural activities as the intervention methods, this paper studied to reduce the students addiction to internet, so that to resist the negative psychological influence brought by internet addiction, combining with the sports psychotherapy to intervene the students internet addiction. It also provide some reference on cultivating students ability quality through campus sports cultural activities.%大学生网络成瘾问题已经成为新型的社会问题,它不仅影响大学生的学习和生活,还会影响到大学生的心理健康.本文通过分析研究,把大学校园体育文化活动作为干预手段,对网络成瘾大学生施加影响,有效减少大学生对网络的迷恋,抵御网络成瘾带来的心理负面影响,结合体育运动心理疗法科学地干预大学生网络成瘾现象.为校园体育文化活动对学生能力素质培养提供一定参考.

  8. 我国传统体育项目对外宣传及其翻译的文化视域%The international publicity of Chinese traditional sports and its translation strategy under the cultural prospective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张杰; 刘英辉; 李科

    2015-01-01

    国际体育文化交流和融合是全球化背景下的必然趋势。挖掘和传承我国传统体育项目,把我国传统体育文化推向世界,是提升我国国际体育文化影响力、丰富我国国际文化形象的重要举措。对外宣传是传播我国传统体育文化、增强我国传统体育项目国际影响力的重要途径。宣传材料是对外宣传的信息载体,而外宣材料的翻译直接影响对外宣传的效果。我国传统体育项目外宣材料的翻译不是单纯的语言转码,而是体育文化内涵的对外移植。因此,外宣材料的翻译不仅要注意语言技巧层面,更要关注中西文化差异,秉承文化翻译观,灵活地采用异化和归化的翻译方法,兼顾实现信息传递和保留文化特色的双重目的。%The international exchange and fusion of sports culture is an inevitable tendency under the background of globalization.Inheriting and publicizing our traditional sports culture internationally is a critical measure to enhance the influence of Chinese sports culture and enrich Chinese cultural im-age in the world.International publicity of Chinese traditional culture is an important way to improve China’s influence in the world.The publicity materials are the information carriers of international publicity and the translation of publicity materials affects the effectiveness of publicity directly.The translation of publicity materials is not a single language conversion,but cultural transplantation. Therefore,the translation should not only focus on translation skills,but also take into account the cultural differences between Chinese and western cultures,and,according to cultural translation theory,flexibly adopt the domestication and foreignization strategies,to reach the aims of information transmission and reserving cultural characteristics.

  9. The Study of Han Dynasty Sport Culture in the Perspective of Ancient Prose%古代骈文视阈下汉代体育文化研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡家浩; 崔广莹

    2012-01-01

    sports. With the bridge between sports and literature; we can better appreciate the splendid literature of Han Dynasty and promote Chinese traditional sports culture development.

  10. 美、英、法、日4国体育文化软实力发展模式及启示%Comparison of Sports Cultural Soft Power of U.S,U.K,France and Japan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄卓; 周美芳; 郝建平; 王秋人; 万嘉

    2014-01-01

    运用文献资料和调查等研究方法,首先对美国体育文化的市场化模式、英国城市体育文化发展模式、法国政府主导型模式和日本体育文化质量模式的不同特点及成功经验进行探究。在归纳总结体育文化软实力发展4个要素的基础上,对现行中国社会发展需要怎样的体育文化软实力问题进行讨论,指出当前中国体育文化软实力发展还存在着一些薄弱环节。结论:为了提升中国体育文化软实力的正能量,应该注重4个发展战略,即体育文化国际信誉战略、体育文化名人战略、体育文化经典战略和体育文化民间交流战略。%In this paper,the marketization of American sports culture,the development mode of the British urban sports culture,the government dominated French mode and the Japanese sports culture quality mode were studied in order to find strategies for developing the Chinese sports cultural soft power.The focuses are on the international sports cultural image of China,the introduction of the Chinese cultural celebrity,the preservation of the traditional sports culture and the communication between sports cultural groups.

  11. History of Sport and Physical Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Louise, Ed.

    The reports from this conference deal with the sources, manifestations, and influences of sports and physical education over time, geography, and cultures. Written in a non-technical manner, the twenty-eight articles deal with the relationship of sports to (among others) politics, art, dance, mythology, religion, economics, sociology, and…

  12. 媒介推力与文化强势:对中国体育话语权缺失的再认识%Media Thrust and Culture Mighty:Reconsideration on the Loss of China Sports Discourse Power

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程雪峰

    2015-01-01

    2012年伦敦奥运会及近些年世界重大体育赛事中,中国运动员遭遇不公正判罚的事件屡屡出现,有人认为,主要原因在于中国体育话语权的缺失。针对这一问题,研究打破单纯从竞技体育“本体”出发的研究方法,从体育话语权的内涵界定、话语权生成的支配性结构及其配置性资源和权威性资源等方面进行分析,拓展了对体育话语权的认识空间,对于转型时期中国体育话语权的增强及体育文化的发展具有一定的探索意义。%In the 2 0 1 2 London Olympic Games and some world significant events in recent years,Chinese athletes often received unfair treatments.Some professionals believed that the main reason for this is the lack of discourse power of China sports.In this paper,research methods not only simply analyzed from the "body" of competitive sports,but also from the definition of the discourse power,dominant structure of its generation,allocative resources and authoritative resources to expand the cognitive space of sports discourse power,to enhance the discourse power of China sports and to develop China sports culture in a transitional period.

  13. The construction and development of sports culture in town%小城镇体育文化建设与发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万浩

    2001-01-01

    随着我国经济体制改革的不断深入,农村产业结构的不断变化,东南沿海经济较为发达地区的农村正一步步向小城镇方向发展。在这些即将形成的小城镇里,生存的基本条件已经具备,如何将这里的人们引导到美好的生活中来,建设和发展未来小城镇文化是至关重要的。笔者认为,在未来小城镇体育文化建设和发展过程中,应以学校为基地,一切体育行为都以广大公民的体质健康为目的,在体育文化的完善和发展上要大胆引入市场意识,适应市场经济大环境。%The coastal villages in east-south regions are evolving town. There, the basic condition for existence has possessed, it is extremely important how to construction. In process of the developing of sports culture in future town, schools should be taken as a base, to strengthen people health should be set at first place and the market consciousness should be drawn into to adapt to the market economy.

  14. Shelter strategies, humanitarian praxis and critical urban theory in post-crisis reconstruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fan, Lilianne

    2012-07-01

    The paper seeks to link contemporary thinking on urban shelter in the humanitarian sector to debates in the field of 'critical urban theory'. It argues that current humanitarian thinking on urban shelter shares many common concerns with critical urban theory, but that these concerns are rarely translated effectively into humanitarian practice. It attributes this disconnect not only to weaknesses in implementation capacity, but also to the need to reorient humanitarian action to address more definitively questions of power and justice. Humanitarian actors need to step back from product-delivery approaches and find ways of integrating into their analytical, planning, implementation and monitoring tools questions about access, exclusion and the historically specific ways in which these aspects converge in particular urban spaces. By doing so, the humanitarian community would benefit from a more explicit, systematic and sustained engagement with the catalytic theoretical resources that critical urban theory has to offer.

  15. The Shape and Sustainability of Turkey’s Booming Humanitarian Assistance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Binder

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available With several rising powers emerging as new actors on the humanitarian scene, viewing all ‘emerging donors’ as a homogenous group inevitably undermines efforts to constructively engage with them. With Turkey’s widely recognized engagement in Somalia and Syria, the country merits a nuanced analysis. How does it conceptualize humanitarian assistance? What norms and interests shape its humanitarian engagement? How is such an engagement financed and organized? Thoroughly evaluating how foreign and domestic agendas shape Turkey’s humanitarian engagement, the paper details how Ankara designs and implements its humanitarian assistance. The collaborative relationship between the government, faith-based businesses, and the religious segment of a generally deeply divided civil society emerges as a unique feature of Turkey’s humanitarian assistance. This set-up calls for an informed approach towards working with specific Turkish actors. It also questions the sustainability and scalability of current aid levels.

  16. Invitation withdrawn: humanitarian action, United Nations peacekeeping, and state sovereignty in Chad.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karlsrud, John; Felix da Costa, Diana

    2013-10-01

    This paper looks at the three-way relationship between the Government of Chad, humanitarians, and the United Nations Mission in the Central African Republic and Chad (MINURCAT) from 2004 until June 2011. Chad was never comfortable with the international presence of either humanitarians or peacekeepers and asserted its sovereignty increasingly during this period. MINURCAT was deployed in 2008 to protect humanitarian workers and to facilitate the provision of humanitarian assistance in eastern Chad. This association between the UN mission and humanitarian agencies contributed to making the latter the target of repressive practices by the government, such as the imposition of armed escorts. Facing a steep learning curve, Chad and its state officials gradually appropriated the discourse of the humanitarian and international community and ultimately, in 2010, requested the departure of MINURCAT, claiming that they could meet the protection needs of vulnerable populations in eastern Chad on their own.

  17. Ethics of emergent information and communication technology applications in humanitarian medical assistance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunt, Matthew; Pringle, John; Christen, Markus; Eckenwiler, Lisa; Schwartz, Lisa; Davé, Anushree

    2016-07-01

    New applications of information and communication technology (ICT) are shaping the way we understand and provide humanitarian medical assistance in situations of disaster, disease outbreak or conflict. Each new crisis appears to be accompanied by advancements in humanitarian technology, leading to significant improvements in the humanitarian aid sector. However, ICTs raise ethical questions that warrant attention. Focusing on the context of humanitarian medical assistance, we review key domains of ICT innovation. We then discuss ethical challenges and uncertainties associated with the development and application of new ICTs in humanitarian medical assistance, including avoiding harm, ensuring privacy and security, responding to inequalities, demonstrating respect, protecting relationships, and addressing expectations. In doing so, we emphasize the centrality of ethics in humanitarian ICT design, application and evaluation.

  18. 论体育非物质文化遗产与文化产业的发展——以陕南安康龙舟节为例%Development of Sports Non-material Cultural Heritage and Cultural Industry:Taking Dragon Boat Festival of Ankang in South of Shaanxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柳慧玲; 李旭芝; 万秦华

    2012-01-01

    通过回顾安康龙舟节的产业化发展历程,分析了体育非物质文化遗产在社会转型时期的产业化发展途径,并提出既要继承体育非物质文化遗产的文化传统,又要使传统活动与时代需要同步发展的原则,从而对我国文化产业的发展,对继承和发展体育非物质文化遗产,提供一个新的思维向度和观察视野.%Through the review of the Dragon Boat Festival industrialization development, the paper analyzes the industrialization development way of the sports intangible cultural heritage in the social transformation period, puts forward that we should not only inherite the traditional culture of sports intangible cultural heritage, but also make the traditional activities develop with the times require, thus provide a new thinking direction and field of view for the development of cultural industry, the inheritance and development of sports intangible cultural heritage.

  19. Teaching the History of Human Rights and "Humanitarian" Interventions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mary Nolan

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This article explores how I teach about human rights and so-called humanitarian interventions to MA and Ph.D. students.  The course has three main themes or foci.  First, what are human rights and why have the social and economic human rights laid out in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights been so neglected or rejected, especially by the U.S.  Second, how has American foreign policy used and abused human rights.  Third, why have liberal or humanitarian interventions of a militarized sort become so prevalent since the end of the Cold War and why are they so damaging.  The goal is to get students to look critically at the meaning and uses of human rights, about which many display a naive enthusiasm.

  20. Systems Design Perspective of Healthcare Provision in Humanitarian Aid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Laura Santos

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This study focuses on the role of Systems Design in addressing the challenges of healthcare provision by international emergency relief organizations in developing countries. More specifically the challenges related to the safety and performance of medical equipment that is transferred in the aftermath of a humanitarian crisis. The aim of this paper is to describe the transfer of medical equipment and its associated challenges from a systems perspective and to reflect on the value of Systems Design as an approach to humanitarian innovation, addressing the identified systemic challenges. The concepts of Human Factors and Ergonomics, and Product-Service Systems will be presented as valuable contributions to support designers in handling a larger degree of complexity throughout the design process and to support them to make informed choices regarding this particular context.

  1. Conceptual design of a telecommunications equipment container for humanitarian logistics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stella Parisi

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Preparedness addresses the strategy in disaster management that allows the implementation of successful operational response immediately after a disaster. With speed as the main driver, product design for humanitarian aid purposes is a key factor of success in situations of high uncertainty and urgency. Within this context, a telecommunications container (TC has been designed that belongs to a group of containers that serve the purpose of immediate response to global disasters. The TC includes all the necessary equipment to establish a telecommunication centre in the destroyed area within the first 72 hours of humanitarian operations. The design focuses on defining the topology of the various parts of equipment by taking into consideration factors of serviceability, functionality, human-product interaction, universal design language, energy consumption, sustainability and the interrelationship with the other containers. The concept parametric design has been implemented with SolidWorks® CAD system.

  2. The role of sports vision in eye care today.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirschen, David G; Laby, Daniel L

    2011-05-01

    Sports vision as an academic discipline is in its infancy. This review traces its history on many different fronts: early work, research, organizations, literature, cultural environment, sports injuries, and a view of the future. This article was presented as the opening remarks to the first-ever academic sports vision meeting held at Fenway Park in Boston, Massachusetts, in January 2010.

  3. The (de)Militarization of Humanitarian Aid: A Historical Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Humanitarian workers often complain that international aid to victims of armed conflicts is more and more militarized because relief organizations are embedded into peacekeeping operations, used as a "force multiplier", or manipulated as an instrument of diplomacy by proxy. Historically, however, charity has always been a military issue in times of war. We can distinguish four types of militarization of relief organizations in this regard. First is the use of charities to make "war by proxy",...

  4. Humanitarian Aid, Internal Displacement and Social Impacts in Sudan

    OpenAIRE

    Mohamed, Issam A.W.; Osman, Kamal M.

    2011-01-01

    The study presented here reviews activities of NGOs in Sudan by surveying and studying the activities of Save the Children of United Kingdom. Activities of NGOs in Sudan were always a controversial issue that resulted in the expulsion of many in 2009. There were also precedents of such expulsions in previous and following years. The paper discusses humanitarian work in Sudan, positive and negative sides. The case study's activities of the Save the Children efforts in Jebel Aulia Internally Di...

  5. Humanitarian aid, internal displacement and social impacts in Sudan

    OpenAIRE

    Mohamed, Issam A.W.; Osman, Kamal M.

    2011-01-01

    The study presented here reviews activities of NGOs in Sudan by surveying and studying the activities of Save the Children of United Kingdom. Activities of NGOs in Sudan were always a controversial issue that resulted in the expulsion of many in 2009. There were also precedents of such expulsions in previous and following years. The paper discusses humanitarian work in Sudan, positive and negative sides. The case study's activities of the Save the Children efforts in Jebel Aulia Internally Di...

  6. DEVELOPMENT OF A HIGH ALTITUDE LOW OPENING HUMANITARIAN AIRDROP SYSTEM

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-07-12

    program was two-fold: provide a rapid humanitarian aid response capability for the first days after a disaster and aerially deliver food and water ...aerially deliver food and water directly onto a population. This effort involved research into the injury thresholds of free-falling aid items, the...necessities of life. In these situations, individuals, groups and nations join together to provide food , water , clothing, shelter, and medical supplies

  7. Rapid response: email, immediacy, and medical humanitarianism in Aceh, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grayman, Jesse Hession

    2014-11-01

    After more than 20 years of sporadic separatist insurgency, the Free Aceh Movement and the Indonesian government signed an internationally brokered peace agreement in August 2005, just eight months after the Indian Ocean tsunami devastated Aceh's coastal communities. This article presents a medical humanitarian case study based on ethnographic data I collected while working for a large aid agency in post-conflict Aceh from 2005 to 2007. In December 2005, the agency faced the first test of its medical and negotiation capacities to provide psychiatric care to a recently amnestied political prisoner whose erratic behavior upon returning home led to his re-arrest and detention at a district police station. I juxtapose two methodological approaches-an ethnographic content analysis of the agency's email archive and field-based participant-observation-to recount contrasting narrative versions of the event. I use this contrast to illustrate and critique the immediacy of the humanitarian imperative that characterizes the industry. Immediacy is explored as both an urgent moral impulse to assist in a crisis and a form of mediation that seemingly projects neutral and transparent transmission of content. I argue that the sense of immediacy afforded by email enacts and amplifies the humanitarian imperative at the cost of abstracting elite humanitarian actors out of local and moral context. As a result, the management and mediation of this psychiatric case by email produced a bureaucratic model of care that failed to account for complex conditions of chronic political and medical instability on the ground. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. About two views on sport

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jernej Pisk

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The article looks at different understandings of human being and their implications for the understanding of sport. One of the fundamental shifts in the understanding of human being occurs in the transition from the ancient to modern times. The main characteristic of the ‘classical’ view of the human being is its teleological character: we know fully what something is only when we know what it is like in its final perfection. This is diametrically opposed to the axiom which dominates our modern scientific culture: we understand what something is when we know what it is made of and how it came to be. Therefore, the final aim of the ‘classical’ view is perfection of human being, and final aim of the ‘modern’ view is preservation of oneself. This distinction can be used to differentiate two different understandings of contemporary sport. ‘Classical’ sport may be estimated as idealistic and the ‘modern’ as realistic or even pragmatic. The first is based on a teleological understanding of the human being and accordingly sport is also understood as a means to fulfill human being and help him to attain perfection. The basic idea is the same as idea in theories which see sport as an important mean for human education. On the other hand the modern understanding of sport does not see the final aim of sport in perfection of human being, but in self-preservation. This can be recognized in those sport activities which see the aim of sport in the preservation of health, regulation of body weight or anti stress re-creation.

  9. Diet Activity Characteristic of Large-scale Sports Events Based on HACCP Management Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiao-Feng Su

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The study proposed major sports events dietary management based on "HACCP" management model. According to the characteristic of major sports events catering activities. Major sports events are not just showcase level of competitive sports activities which have become comprehensive special events including social, political, economic, cultural and other factors, complex. Sporting events conferred reach more diverse goals and objectives of economic, political, cultural, technological and other influence and impact.

  10. 体育文化传媒中“媚”“俗”现象的社会学分析%Sports Culture and Media “Pro” and “Vulgarity” Sociological Analysis of the Phenomenon

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱媛媛

    2012-01-01

    体育文化传媒在社会生活中占据重要的地位,尤其是对青少年的影响更为深远。然而,现如今一些媒体,为了迎合大众的视听心理,一味地降低标准,使体育文化传媒中的"媚""俗"现象愈演愈烈。究其原因,这种现象的产生与发展是多种社会因素共同作用的结果。因此,为了体育事业的和谐、可持续发展,遏制体育文化传媒中的"媚""俗"现象已迫在眉睫。%Sports media occupied an important place in the people,especially to adolescents affect more far-reaching.However,today some of the media,in order to pander to popular audio-visual psychology,trying to lower the standard,sport culture in the media "Pro" and "vulgarity" growing phenomenon.The reason,the phenomenon of emergence,development is the result of a variety of social factors,but it is not conducive to harmonious and sustainable development of sports.Therefore,contain sports culture in the media in a timely manner "Pro" and "vulgarity" was imminent.

  11. Sports Marketing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohio State Dept. of Education, Columbus. Div. of Career-Technical and Adult Education.

    This document presents the Ohio Integrated Technical and Academic Competency profile for sports marketing. The profile is to serve as the basis for curriculum development in Ohio's secondary, adult, and postsecondary programs. The profile includes a comprehensive listing of 999 specialty key indicators for evaluating mastery of 113 competencies in…

  12. Sports Gala

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    This year’s 11th National Games saw 21 new world and Asian records set Fans were treated to all the highs and lows of sport during China’s 11th National Games, billed as the country’s mini-Olympics, which witnessed both record-breaking feats and doping

  13. Sports Ballistics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clanet, Christophe

    2015-01-01

    This review describes and classifies the trajectories of sports projectiles that have spherical symmetry, cylindrical symmetry, or (almost) no symmetry. This classification allows us to discuss the large diversity observed in the paths of spherical balls, the flip properties of shuttlecocks, and the optimal position and stability of ski jumpers.

  14. Sports Nation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    China is working to become a global sports power International Olympic Committee President Jacques Rogge watched China’s 11th National Games at Jinan’s stadium in Shandong Province on October 16, 2009. His high-profile attendance has set the

  15. Racket sports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jayanthi, Neeru; Esser, Stephen

    2013-01-01

    Tennis may be considered a static and dynamic form of exercise with many well-demonstrated health benefits. Tennis has similar rates of injury to other individual recreational sports and junior competitive sports, without the catastrophic risk of contact/collision sports. Classifying tennis players into junior and elite categories versus adult recreational players may help in outlining volume of play recommendations, exposure risk, and types of injuries. Junior and elite players tend to tolerate higher volumes, have more acute and lower extremity injuries, and have more serious overuse stress injuries. Adult recreational players tend to tolerate lower volumes, have more overuse and upper extremity injuries, and more conditions that are degenerative. Many tennis players also develop asymmetric musculoskeletal adaptations, which may increase risk of specific injury. Tennis-specific evaluations may identify these at-risk segments, help guide preventive strategies including technical errors, and assist in developing return-to-play recommendations. Other racket sports such as squash, badminton, and racquetball have less data available but report both acute and traumatic injuries less commonly seen in tennis.

  16. Sports Fitness

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... motivator. Physically, you need strength and endurance. Your training will vary with your sport. You would not train the same way for pole vaulting as for swimming. You might, however, cross train. Cross training simply means that you include a variety of ...

  17. Racquet Sports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zebas, Carole J., Ed.; Groppel, Jack L., Ed.

    1983-01-01

    In six articles on racquet sports, the origins of the games are traced, methods for teaching skills such as footwork, racquetball strategy, and badminton techniques are discussed, and the biomechanics of the one- and two-handed backhand in tennis are reviewed. Information about paddle tennis is included. (PP)

  18. Computational fluid dynamics for sport simulation

    CERN Document Server

    2009-01-01

    All over the world sport plays a prominent role in society: as a leisure activity for many, as an ingredient of culture, as a business and as a matter of national prestige in such major events as the World Cup in soccer or the Olympic Games. Hence, it is not surprising that science has entered the realm of sports, and, in particular, that computer simulation has become highly relevant in recent years. This is explored in this book by choosing five different sports as examples, demonstrating that computational science and engineering (CSE) can make essential contributions to research on sports topics on both the fundamental level and, eventually, by supporting athletes’ performance.

  19. Humanitarian Hackathon @CERN | 14-16 October | Are you ready?

    CERN Multimedia

    2016-01-01

    THE Port is ready for the third edition of its hackathon with eight new challenges. Join us to discover how science can make a huge difference in people's life.   Humanitarian hackathons organised by THE Port and hosted by CERN IdeaSquare have already confirmed that fundamental science can provide tech-enabled responses to humanitarian issues affecting the lives of millions of people around the globe. A great example of the success that technology and collaboration can bring is the substantial improvement of the food airdrop bags, requested by the ICRC to deliver assistance in South Sudan and other critical regions. Watch a 360° video or check out the pictures using the QR code. This year, eight teams will innovate the way humanitarian organisations handle the most critical aspects of field work during a 60-hour event. Groups of experts from all over the world will provide out-of-the-box proposals to tackle challenges set up by the ICRC, Handicap International, the United Natio...

  20. On the use of evidence in humanitarian logistics research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pedraza-Martinez, Alfonso J; Stapleton, Orla; Van Wassenhove, Luk N

    2013-07-01

    This paper presents the reflections of the authors on the differences between the language and the approach of practitioners and academics to humanitarian logistics problems. Based on a long-term project on fleet management in the humanitarian sector, involving both large international humanitarian organisations and academics, it discusses how differences in language and approach to such problems may create a lacuna that impedes trust. In addition, the paper provides insights into how academic research evidence adapted to practitioner language can be used to bridge the gap. When it is communicated appropriately, evidence strengthens trust between practitioners and academics, which is critical for long-term projects. Once practitioners understand the main trade-offs included in academic research, they can supply valuable feedback to motivate new academic research. Novel research problems promote innovation in the use of traditional academic methods, which should result in a win-win situation: relevant solutions for practice and advances in academic knowledge. © 2013 The Author(s). Journal compilation © Overseas Development Institute, 2013.

  1. THE ASYLUM, BETWEEN HUMANITARIAN RESPONSE AND POLITICAL INSTRUMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CATRINEL BRUMAR

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available At 9 November 2010, the European Court of Justice, in a preliminary ruling, decided to depart from the interpretation promoted by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, in the matter of the application of the exclusion clauses. The European Court considered that no proportionality test between human rights protection and gravity of a crime is to be applied in the case of a person suspected of having committed an act contrary to the principles and purposes of the United Nations. By eliminating this test, the Court is sending a signal on rethinking the asylum institution, from a humanitarian tool that it became, to a political instrument. This decision could not be read alone; corroborated to the concerns already raised on the suitable use of the asylum instrument to address massive humanitarian needs, it would indicate a reorientation in the interpretation of international norms governing the refugee law. Still, the human rights organs and the European Court of Human Rights continue to refer to the asylum as a situation where a humanitarian perspective, reflected in the proportionality test, or for those mechanisms the risk of human rights violation probability test, is still valid. The two apparently divergent directions will need to converge in the implementation of the European Union regulations on asylum. This paper is exploring the possible reinterpretation of the European norms, trying to identify the new trends in the political perspective of asylum and the limitations to these trends that the respect for human rights is establishing.

  2. BALKAN CRISIS AND “HUMANITARIAN INTERVENTIONS” CONCEPT DEVELOMPENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Иванна Ивановна Пинчук

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The study is dedicated to the evolution of “humanitarian interventions” concept from to appearance to nowadays appliance. The objective of the research was to find out different characters of humanitarian interventions: not only to apply force for preventing human rights violations but also to support the opposition, to arrange the global pressure and to enforce the define regimes to provide define reforms, to support revolutionary sentiments and etc. Besides the purpose of the study was to approve that technologies of the “humanitarian interventions” concept are  used nowadays on the international arena.As a result of the comparison study of the Balkan crises and the conflict in Libya it is becoming clear that the USA and their NATO alliance methods have been used a lot of times. For the first time all of them was being tested during the Balkan conflicts at the turn of the XX-XXI centuries. These results were based on many facts and comparisons of the Balkan conflicts with situations in Libya at the beginning of the years 2010.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12731/2218-7405-2013-4-12

  3. BALKAN CRISIS AND “HUMANITARIAN INTERVENTIONS” CONCEPT DEVELOMPENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pinchuk Ivanna Ivanovna

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The study is dedicated to the evolution of “humanitarian interventions” concept from to appearance to nowadays appliance. The objective of the research was to find out different characters of humanitarian interventions: not only to apply force for preventing human rights violations but also to support the opposition, to arrange the global pressure and to enforce the define regimes to provide define reforms, to support revolutionary sentiments and etc. Besides the purpose of the study was to approve that technologies of the “humanitarian interventions” concept are used nowadays on the international arena. As a result of the comparison study of the Balkan crises and the conflict in Libya it is becoming clear that the USA and their NATO alliance methods have been used a lot of times. For the first time all of them was being tested during the Balkan conflicts at the turn of the XX-XXI centuries. These results were based on many facts and comparisons of the Balkan conflicts with situations in Libya at the beginning of the years 2010.

  4. 75 FR 57261 - Request for Comments on Incentivizing Humanitarian Technologies and Licensing Through the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-20

    ... the USPTO consider statements from independent third parties (particularly humanitarian organizations...? Would considering economic or logistical factors suffice? Should qualifying research efforts meet...

  5. History of sports medicine in East European countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lazovč, Biljana; Mazič, Sanja; Delič, Marina; Suzič Lazič, Jelena; Sparič, Radmila; Stajič, Zoran

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to provide a historical background of medicine, science and sports with the focus on the development of modern sports medicine in European countries, with an accent on Eastern European countries that have a long sports medicine tradition. The development of modern sports medicine began at the end of 19th and the beginning of 20th century, and it has been associated with social and cultural changes in the world of medicine, science and sports. Advanced medical knowledge, skills and practices, and the progress of scientific achievements enabled sports people to improve their performance level. Increased popularisation and commercialisation of sports have resulted from urbanization and city lifestyle, leading to the lack of physical activity and increased psychological pressure. In addition, the growing need and interest in sports and successes in professional sports have become a symbol of international recognition and

  6. New Perspectives of Corporate Identity in Sports Organizations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josef Voráček

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the topic of corporate identity in sports. The main objective of this paper is to present new views, trends and tools in building a desirable image for sports organizations using corporate identity tools, including some selected areas relating to the brand. The main points of this paper include corporate design, communication, culture and sports organizations’ product. These tools are all linked and transformed into the creation of a cool brand for a new generation of athletes and consumers – the so-called Generation Y of sports. This group is becoming a new economically important group for many companies in sports, as well as many sports organizations. The Sports industry is heavily dependent on the new generation of athletes in all performance levels, and sport fans. Therefore, it is necessary to constantly be innovating new corporate identity tools with a focus on the sports area.

  7. Gender differences of athletes in different classification groups of sports and sport disciplines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olena Tarasevych

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: to identify the percentage of masculine, androgynous and feminine figures in different classification groups, sports and sports disciplines, depending on the sport qualification. Material & Methods: the study was conducted on the basis of the Kharkiv State Academy of Physical Culture among students – representatives of different sports that have different athletic skills using analysis and compilation of scientific and methodical literature, survey, testing the procedure S. Bam "Masculinity / femininity "Processing and statistical data. Results: based on the testing method established S. Bam percentage masculine, androgynous and feminine personalities among athletes and athletes in various sports classification groups depending on their athletic skills. Conclusions: among sportsmen and women in a variety of classification groups of sports is not revealed feminine personalities; masculine identity, among both men and women predominate in sports; androgyny attitude towards men and women are different.

  8. Laughter in popular games and in sport

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eichberg, Henning

    2013-01-01

    Hurling in Cornwall, la soule in Britanny, Shrovetide football in England: Popular games have normally been treated as forerunners of modern sport, sport having regulated the space and the time of the game, the (non-) violence of behaviour, the control of results, the planning, strategy, tactics......, techniques and evaluation of the competitive action. This is told as a story of social improvement and progress--and about turning unhealthy wildness into civilized 'healthy' sport activity. What sociological analysis of game-playing tended to ignore was the laughter of the participants. With the seriousness...... of modern sport, as it was established in the nineteenth century, a culture of laughter disappeared. This study tries to counter this mainstream by a phenomenology of laughter in popular games. A contrasting attention is turned towards the seriousness of sporting competition, the smile in modern sport...

  9. Report on Sport 2003

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koen Breedveld; Rob Goossens; Maarten van Bottenburg; Wil Ooijendijk; Vincent Hildebrandt; Maarten Stiggelbout; Jo Lucassen; Hugo van der Poel

    2003-01-01

    Original title: Rapportage Sport 2003. There has been a huge increase in the interest in sport in recent decades. The number of people taking part in sport has grown strongly and more sport is broadcast on television than ever before. The government has invested a great deal in sport, not least bec

  10. Sport for life

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Annet Tiessen-Raaphorst; Desiree Verbeek; Jos de Haan; Koen Breedveld

    2010-01-01

    Original title: Sport: een leven lang. Many Dutch people are involved in sport: by participating themselves, performing voluntary work for a sports club, following the sporting achievements of others via the media or attending sporting events. In this report we look at each of these forms of involv

  11. 辽宁省优秀运动员文化教育现状与对策研究%Research on the current situation and improvement countermeasure of cultural education for sports elites in Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈祥岩; 张贵敏; 杨洁

    2012-01-01

    通过调查辽宁省优秀运动员的学历、学习态度、学习时间安排、课程设置等现状,从宏观的体制因素、中观的环境因素和微观的个体因素三个层次分析影响优秀运动员文化教育的因素,有针对性地提出相应的对策,旨在为完善优秀运动员的文化教育提供参考。%By teasing the current situation of sports elites' educational backgrounds, study attitudes, arrangements of their learning time and curriculum design, the thesis mainly discussed the cultural education' for sports elites. The factors affecting their cultural education were analyzed in the thesis from three levels, which were macroscopic system factor, moderate environmental factor and microcosmic individual factor. The thesis provided some countermeasures to Deflect the cultural education for snorts elites.

  12. ANALYSIS ON EVALUATION INDEX OF SPORTS AND CULTURAL INDUSTRIES COMPETITIVENESS%体育文化产业竞争力的评价指标体系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲁琦; 乔克满

    2015-01-01

    采用文献研究、逻辑分析等方法,首先分析了文化产业相关指标体系研究进展。进而基于波特钻石理论模型,在一定的设计原则下,构建了符合体育文化产业自身特点和实际发展需求的竞争力评价指标体系,包括8个1级指标,17个2级指标,46个3级指标。并针对研究中尚存的问题与不足,提出了进一步完善体育文化产业竞争力的评价指标体系研究构想。%Through literature study, logic analysis, etc., this paper analyzes the development of relative index in cultural indus-tries. Then based on the Potter Diamond Theory, this paper constructs the evaluation index system that is suitable for the char-acteristic and development of sports and cultural industries. This system includes eight 1-level index, seventeen 2-level index, and forty six 3-level index. To solve the problem and shortage in this research, some research plans to further perfect the com-petitiveness evaluation index of sports and cultural industries are also proposed.

  13. INTERACTIONS BETWEEN GLOBALIZATION AND SPORTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Senem ÇEYİZ

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available We live in a world of rapid change. Although the most obvious examples of this change are seen in technology, it, in fact, has permeated all areas of life. When viewed from an international perspective, it is possible to say that almost all of the borders in many areas - particularly economic, social and cultural - in the world have disappeared due to the impact of technology. Nowadays the process which is seen as the source of all these changes and interactions is referred to as globalization. The word globalization has often been used as a multidimensional concept . Today, owin g to the process of globalization in many areas , spatial distances are almost diminished, so much so that the developments which take place at one end of the world may affect another country at the other end . The effects of globalization are as visible in the sports field as in many other areas. Sports is becoming more and more industrialized day by day . Live broadcasting of several sporting events has quite a large audience all over the world. Many foreign ath letes take part in national teams by changing their nationalities . It can also be argued that as much as globalization has an impact on sports today so does sports on globalization. The concepts inherent in sports like performance , competition, breaking re cords have created a common language recognized all over the world, a situation which serves to accelerate globalization.

  14. Contemporary Sport and Moral Behavior: Farewell to the Well-Played Game?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fairchild, David L.

    This paper argues that an understanding of sport must be predicated upon an understanding of the culture in which it occurs. Because 20th century American society views competition and success in sport as preparation for competition and success outside of sport, a revision in emphasis within sport itself may lead to a revised emphasis in life…

  15. Study and Countermeasures on Athletes Culture Education in Teenagers Amateur Sports School%青少年业余体校运动员文化教育的研究与对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄信德

    2013-01-01

      本文通过笔者十多年的任教经验,对青少年业余体校运动员的文化教育进行分析和研究,并对运动员产生厌学的原因及对策提出自己的见解。%  Through the writer's ten years of teaching experience, this article analyzes the athletes culture education in teenagers amateur sports school, and puts forward his own opinions of the reasons and countermeasures for weariness.

  16. Acculturation through sport: Different contexts different meanings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elbe, Anne-Marie; Hatzigeorgiadis, Antonis; Morela, Eleftheria

    2017-01-01

    Research on the role of sport as a social integrative agent for migrants has provided equivocal results. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relation between ethnic–cultural identity and sport environmental factors. Young migrant male athletes from two different societal and sport...... contexts were studied: migrants from Eastern European countries living in Greece (n = 60) and from Latin America living in Spain (n = 60). Participants completed measures of ethnic and cultural identity, task-oriented motivational climate, and autonomysupportive coaching behaviour. Analysis of variance...

  17. Interfacing Sport

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Tem Frank

    these media (expressiveness, reflexivity, identity), or ar media making us run (nudging, persuasion, societal benefits). The study includes theory on interactivity, media sociology, followed by cases (twitter and personal branding, selftracking and selfreflexivity, social media and club organization, fandom......This study tries to map out the possible interplay between interactive digital media (including mobile and wearable technologies) and sport as performance and participation. The ambition is to create a model providing the analytical framework for understanding questions like "are we running...

  18. Research On China' s National Traditional Sports Culture And Sports Form Under The E- cological Holism Vision%生态整体主义视野下我国民族传统体育文化及运动形式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王艳; 刘金生

    2012-01-01

    通过文献资料法、逻辑分析法对中国民族传统体育从生态整体主义的整体性、系统性、平衡性进行阐释,为民族体育向生态化可持续发展提供相应的规律认知。对民族传统体育的3种文化类型进行运动形式说明,表明生态体育的发展将是今后民族体育发展的必由之路。民族传统体育的运动形式将会去伪存真在加以升华和科学化选择的基础上被今人所吸收和传承。%Through the methods of literature review and logical analysis, the paper interprets the holistic, systematic, balance of China's national traditional sports in the respective of ecological holism interpretation and puts forward the laws of cognition for its ecological sustainable development. Three cultural types of tradi- tional national sports movement were explained which illustrated that the development of eco - sports will be the only way of national sports in the future. The traditional national body and form of exercise will he ab- sorbed and passed on in the form of eliminating false and retaining true on the basis of sublimation and scientif- ic selection.

  19. Socialization via Sport - Process of Re - socialization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yılmaz KAPLAN

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Socialization is a process that a part of a specific culture and a specific member of society. The aim of this study is to discuss how sport effects to socialization of children and young, and re - socialization of adults.The study is a descriptive, theoretical and conceptive study. Acc ording to some studies that sport is an obtained gain in socialization process. Sport, especially team sports learned to children and young that how to behave in social group and how to control their behaviors. According a study, young people who after the start of sportive activities, its seen that “they evaluate their leisure time more beneficially” (98.6%, “they understand the importance of team working” (95.8%, “they are aware of their responsibility” (97.2% and “they gain planning study habit” (94,4 %. In addition to sport effected socialization that “understanding the importance of division of labor and solidarity” (93%, “be aware and be more careful of social rules” (92.3%, and “be tolerant of others idea and beliefs” (88.7% (Bulgu&Akcan, 2003;1 57 - 159. If the sportive activities be on children and young life, it’s an important and effective communication tools. Sport, improves social relationship and decrease social distance. Sport requires feel empathy with someone and improves the empathy hab it. Sport contributes the children and young for self - expression to be truer and better. Sport is an effective tool for to be important and meaningful part of group. Sport contributes the children and young for become integrated with a group. Also sport pl aying important role for reinforcement to solidarity and to gain the habit of obey the rules. Sport makes a major contribute socialization and re - socialization of children and young. Accordingly these results, sport has to play active role in social life a nd instructional program.

  20. STUDY ON PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND SPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Raiola

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available MIUR enacted last year the new Guidelines of Physical Education and Sport to improve the sport activity into the school through the sport school association and gives, for this aim, only 33% of amount of economical resources that, in the past years, allocated for extra activity of physical education and sport. From a case study to compare data between 2 years of a sample of 10 schools of Naples, 6 schools decreased sports activity, 4 schools increased little bit and only 1 increased because had added own economical resource. Furthermore this one also deliberated a school sport association in collaboration to sport association as suggests new Guidelines. The aim of this study is to know which process the school adopted. Method is case study to describe the process and steps. All 10 schools confirm the past sport activities in different forms with several percentages among the schools are very good in consideration of the bad actual context of public school. But the significant decrease of number of students, which are generally distributed in every school, must do a reflection on general situation of high sport left. The 7 schools utilized only the economical ministerial resource and only 2 schools utilized economical ministerial resources is the demonstration of low culture in physical education and sport into school. Furthermore, the low additional own economical resources is relevant to demonstrate the gravity of situation. The datum of only 1 school added own economical resource in congruent amount means that just the 10% of schools understand the spirit of change according to the new Guidelines of Physical Education and Sport. The study suggests to start an investigation on public sport education service offered by school and by sport association and to establish a specific committee to research on this phenomenon to carry out the data to know every aspect of it.

  1. 我国体育文化旅游产品开发研究——以河南省为例%Study on Development of Sport Culture Tourism Product in China——With Henan Province as a Case

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷波; 薛宝琪; 范例

    2011-01-01

    On the basis of definition of sport culture tourism product,this paper utilizes the method of RMP to conduct the resource analysis,market analysis and the product analysis of sport culture tourism in Henan province,and then puts forward the framework of development of sport culture tourism in general and the specific strategies in developing sport culture tourism in order to provide reference for sport culture tourism development in Henan province.%对体育文化旅游概念进行界定,运用昂普(RMP)分析方法,对河南体育文化旅游开发进行资源(R)分析、市场(M)分析和产品(R)分析,据此提出河南体育文化旅游产品开发的总体框架与具体策略,以期在加快经济发展方式转变的大背景下,为河南体育文化旅游开发提供参考。

  2. Organizing and conducting career guidance and crime prevention among young people by means of physical culture and sports specialized university departments Internal Affairs of Ukraine.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zakorko I.P

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available At the present stage of social development takes on special urgency the problem of finding new means and methods of crime prevention among youth in the context of strengthening the nation's health. In our opinion, employees of the Ukrainian Interior Ministry must take a decisive role in solving these problems. One of the most effective ways to solve them is to organize youth sports schools and clubs to professionally-applied sports at the bases of relevant departments of higher educational institutions of Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine, the involvement of the best specialists and trainers.

  3. Financing Professional Sports Facilities

    OpenAIRE

    Baade, Robert A.; Victor A. Matheson

    2011-01-01

    This paper examines public financing of professional sports facilities with a focus on both early and recent developments in taxpayer subsidization of spectator sports. The paper explores both the magnitude and the sources of public funding for professional sports facilities.

  4. Tragic Choices in Humanitarian Aid : A Framework of Organizational Determinants of NGO Decision Making

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Heyse, Liesbet

    2013-01-01

    Humanitarian NGOs face difficult choices about whom to help and whom not on a daily basis. The research question in this article is how humanitarian NGOs make these difficult decisions and why in a particular way. March's study on consequential and appropriate decision-making processes is used to an

  5. Tragic Choices in Humanitarian Aid : A Framework of Organizational Determinants of NGO Decision Making

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Heyse, Liesbet

    2013-01-01

    Humanitarian NGOs face difficult choices about whom to help and whom not on a daily basis. The research question in this article is how humanitarian NGOs make these difficult decisions and why in a particular way. March's study on consequential and appropriate decision-making processes is used to an

  6. 77 FR 49782 - Extension of the Application Deadline for Humanitarian Awards Pilot Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-17

    ... Pilot'', also known as Patents for Humanity). See Humanitarian Awards Pilot Program, 77 FR 6544 (Feb. 8... Pilot Program AGENCY: United States Patent and Trademark Office, Commerce. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: In... Pilot Program, which recognizes patent holders who use their technology for humanitarian purposes....

  7. Achievements & bottlenecks in humanitarian demining EU-funded research: Final results from the EC DELVE project

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sahli, H.; Bruschini, C.; Kempen, L. van; Schleijpen, H.M.A.; Breejen, E. den

    2008-01-01

    The EC DELVE Support Action project has analyzed the bottlenecks in the transfer of Humanitarian Demining (HD) technology from technology development to the use in the field, and drawn some lessons learned, basing itself on the assessment of the European Humanitarian Demining Research and Technology

  8. Humanitarian Information Management Network Effectiveness: An Analysis at the Organizational and Network Levels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ngamassi Tchouakeu, Louis-Marie

    2011-01-01

    Massive international response to humanitarian crises such as the South Asian Tsunami in 2004, the Hurricane Katrina in 2005 and the Haiti earthquake in 2010 highlights the importance of humanitarian inter-organizational collaboration networks, especially in information management and exchange. Despite more than a decade old call for more research…

  9. Humanitarian Intelligence : A Practitioner's Guide to Crisis Analysis and Project Design

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zwitter, Andrej

    2016-01-01

    Humanitarian aid workers are faced with many challenges, from possible terrorist attacks to dealing with difficult stakeholders and securing operational space free from violence. To do their work properly and safely, they need effective intelligence. Humanitarian intelligence refers to the use of

  10. Fighting by the principles: principles as a source of international humanitarian law

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van den Boogaard, J.C.; Matthee, M.; Toebes, B.; Brus, M.

    2013-01-01

    The rules of international humanitarian law of armed conflict are codified in a rather extensive body of treaty law. In addition, extensive research has been conducted into the rules of customary international humanitarian law. The author of this contribution will argue that there is another importa

  11. THE QUESTION OF HUMANITARIAN KNOWLEDGE: THE ESSENCE, MAIN DIRECTIONS AND METHODS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anatoly V. Zavrazhin

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In the article the author emphasizes the role and importance of humanitarian knowledge not only in education, training future professionals, but in an objective, true evaluation of the events which occur today in the modern world. Reveals the methodological foundations, purpose, main directions and methods of humanitarian knowledge. Highlighted the special role in the Humanities.

  12. Humanitarian Intelligence : A Practitioner's Guide to Crisis Analysis and Project Design

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zwitter, Andrej

    2016-01-01

    Humanitarian aid workers are faced with many challenges, from possible terrorist attacks to dealing with difficult stakeholders and securing operational space free from violence. To do their work properly and safely, they need effective intelligence. Humanitarian intelligence refers to the use of in

  13. Fighting by the principles: principles as a source of international humanitarian law

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van den Boogaard, J.C.; Matthee, M.; Toebes, B.; Brus, M.

    2013-01-01

    The rules of international humanitarian law of armed conflict are codified in a rather extensive body of treaty law. In addition, extensive research has been conducted into the rules of customary international humanitarian law. The author of this contribution will argue that there is another

  14. Managing information cycles for intra-organisational coordination of humanitarian logistics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    E.A. van der Laan (Erwin); M.P. de Brito (Marisa); P.C. van Fenema (Paul); S.C. Vermaesen

    2009-01-01

    textabstractAs the humanitarian aid sector is expanding, the need for enhancing coordination capabilities increases as well. This holds especially for the area of logistics, because humanitarian operations typically take place in unstable and risky environments, where infrastructure is poor, while s

  15. Historical Frames and the Politics of Humanitarian Intervention: From Ethiopia, Somalia to Rwanda

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaw, Ibrahim Seaga

    2007-01-01

    This article argues that historical frames we often find in news media discourse can skew the way we perceive distant wars, and that this can have a knock-on effect on international humanitarian response within a cosmopolitan framework of global justice. Drawing on an empirical exploration of recent "humanitarian interventions" in Ethiopia,…

  16. Tragic Choices in Humanitarian Aid : A Framework of Organizational Determinants of NGO Decision Making

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Heyse, Liesbet

    Humanitarian NGOs face difficult choices about whom to help and whom not on a daily basis. The research question in this article is how humanitarian NGOs make these difficult decisions and why in a particular way. March's study on consequential and appropriate decision-making processes is used to

  17. 78 FR 5185 - Guidance for Industry and Food and Drug Administration Staff; Humanitarian Use Device (HUD...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-24

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Guidance for Industry and Food and Drug Administration Staff; Humanitarian Use Device (HUD) Designations; Availability AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION... public comment ``Draft Guidance for Industry and Food and Drug Administration Staff on Humanitarian...

  18. Humanitarian Intelligence : A Practitioner's Guide to Crisis Analysis and Project Design

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zwitter, Andrej

    2016-01-01

    Humanitarian aid workers are faced with many challenges, from possible terrorist attacks to dealing with difficult stakeholders and securing operational space free from violence. To do their work properly and safely, they need effective intelligence. Humanitarian intelligence refers to the use of in

  19. Evaluation of Features of Development of Sports Way of Swimming of Students of Various Sports Specialization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yermahanova, Amina; Nurmakhambetova, Dinara; Bozhig, Zhanbolat; Imanbetov, Amanbek

    2016-01-01

    Bachelor educational program "Physical culture and sport" must master special, substantive and core competencies, not only in the chosen specialization, but also in the basic sports, including "Swimming." It is a necessity due to the fact that the graduate program in order to protect their health and life should own at least…

  20. PRESENT TIMES SPORT MANAGEMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Silvia GRĂDINARU

    2016-01-01

    The goal of this paper is to play as introduction for the sport management science, both as academic and professional major. The paper provides a broad overview of sport management rather than detailed instructions about how sport management is seen. The professional career in sport management should be built on a strong conceptual foundation. Sport managers who can think critically about sport – related issues will be competent, reflective professionals who have the potential to become influ...

  1. Save the Children, the humanitarian project, and the politics of solidarity: reviving Dorothy Buxton's vision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baughan, Emily; Fiori, Juliano

    2015-10-01

    This paper reflects on the foundational years of Save the Children, one of the oldest and largest Western humanitarian agencies and a mainstay of the humanitarian project. In doing so, it considers how and why, at an early stage, the organisation depoliticised its activities, centring its narrative on the innocent, pre-political child-the image of unsullied humanity. In addition, it seeks to recover the internationalist vision of Save the Children's 'forgotten founder', Dorothy Buxton. Save the Children's turn to non-politics is indicative of the broader depoliticisation of Western humanitarian action. Given the intensely contested spaces in which Western humanitarian non-governmental organisations (NGOs) operate, these entities cannot escape politics. This paper argues that Buxton's efforts to build an international solidarity network through humanitarian action after the end of the First World War in 1918 provide an instructive basis on which these NGOs can pursue a politics of solidarity in the present day.

  2. Social dimensions of science-humanitarian collaboration: lessons from Padang, Sumatra, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shannon, Rachel; Hope, Max; McCloskey, John; Crowley, Dominic; Crichton, Peter

    2014-07-01

    This paper contains a critical exploration of the social dimensions of the science-humanitarian relationship. Drawing on literature on the social role of science and on the social dimensions of humanitarian practice, it analyses a science-humanitarian partnership for disaster risk reduction (DRR) in Padang, Sumatra, Indonesia, an area threatened by tsunamigenic earthquakes. The paper draws on findings from case study research that was conducted between 2010 and 2011. The case study illustrates the social processes that enabled and hindered collaboration between the two spheres, including the informal partnership of local people and scientists that led to the co-production of earthquake and tsunami DRR and limited organisational capacity and support in relation to knowledge exchange. The paper reflects on the implications of these findings for science-humanitarian partnering in general, and it assesses the value of using a social dimensions approach to understand scientific and humanitarian dialogue.

  3. Humanitarian presence and urban development: new opportunities and contrasts in Goma, DRC.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Büscher, Karen; Vlassenroot, Koen

    2010-04-01

    This paper examines the impact of the presence of international humanitarian organisations on local urban transformation processes in the city of Goma, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). Rather than evaluating the direct effects of humanitarian interventions and strategies, it focuses on the indirect but profound effects of the presence of this 'humanitarian sector'. It argues that the international humanitarian presence became a significant factor in the recent shaping and reshaping of the city's profile and has reinforced competition over the urban political and socioeconomic space. The paper evaluates the direct and indirect impact of the international humanitarian presence on the local urban economy and the larger political economy of war in eastern DRC. It analyses how this presence has reinforced processes of spatial reconfiguration, how it has influenced urban planning, and how it has affected dynamics of gentrification and marginalisation on the urban spatial level.

  4. India-Africa: trade, investments and humanitarian projects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alim Vidadievich Suleymanov

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Active growth of trade volume between India and Africa which has increased in twenty times since the beginning of the twenty-first century or in seventy times since 1991, certainly actualized a question of features of the modern Indo-African relations. In this regard the purpose of article is consideration of features of policy of India to the African countries. The author does the short historical review of the Indo-African relations, and considers key spheres of realization of modern regional strategy of India on the African continent - humanitarian projects, foreign trade and investments. The main methods of research are the comparative-historical approach and the statistical analysis, being used for identification of positive or negative dynamics of development of the Indo-African cooperation. Now the African region takes strategic significance for India. Rapid economic development of the African countries and increase in a standard of living of the population turn the continent into a perspective sales market of the Indian goods and services. Besides, India actively develops humanitarian projects and renders the financial help to many African countries. However, India faces set of problems and factors - geographical remoteness, the discrimination and racism, instability of political systems of many African countries and the African policy of China. The active economic policy of China on the African continent has compelled India to develop cooperation with the countries of Africa more actively. In recent years India also as well as China tries to make active and modernize the economic and humanitarian policy in Africa. Struggle for commodity markets of the goods and services in Africa makes Africa by strategic region not only in the Indo-Chinese relations, but in foreign policy of India as a whole.

  5. Sport competitions in Antique Chersoneses.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moutiev A.V.

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available It is examined the content of physical education in Chersoneses in the ancient period. It is shown the participation of citizens in the Chersoneses competitions at various levels. Stressed the importance of physical culture, sports, sports training, organizing and conducting athletic competitions. Show the direction of physical education of youth, training for local and Panhellenic competitions, military service. The role of the teacher of gymnastics in physical education students in public schools. It is noted that the study involved in Chersoneses pedagogical methods and techniques. It is established that the citizens of Chersoneses actively participated in Panhellenic competitions and they became the victors.

  6. 岭南瑶族传统体育文化的变迁及其影响%The changing of traditional sports culture of the Yao nationality in Lingnan and its influence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵苏喆; 李金梅; 余卫平

    2015-01-01

    探讨岭南瑶族传统体育文化的变迁及影响因素。研究认为岭南瑶族传统体育文化在建国后变化明显,侧重于娱乐功能,而其他的功能出现了不同程度的弱化;传统体育项目的数量在缩减,竞技项目器材更先进,仪式类项目趋向于娱乐和审美化的改变。这些变化引起了岭南瑶族各阶层不同的反应。岭南瑶族传统体育文化的变迁在建国后处于主动变迁状态,但也出现了“异化”现象,个别项目有逐渐消退的趋势,因此以保护为基础,与学校教育、旅游等相结合,注重社会培训的力量。%The authors probed into the changing and effecting factors of traditional sports culture of the Yao nation-ality in Lingnan, and put forward the following opinions:after the founding of China, traditional sports culture of the Yao nationality in Lingnan changed significantly: its entertaining functions were emphasized, while its other functions were weakened to different extents;the number of traditional sports events was decreasing, equipment for competitive events was more advanced, events in the ceremony category tended to entertaining and aesthetical changes. These changes had caused different reactions from all walks of life of the Yao nationality in Lingnan. Con-clusion:after the founding of China, the changing of traditional sports culture of the Yao nationality in Lingnan was in an initiatively changing condition, yet had shown the sign of“dissimilation”, some events had the trend of grad-ual disappearance;therefore, we should value the power of social training on the basis of protection, coupled with school education and tourism etc.

  7. On the Multi - Dimensional Perspective of Yi's Original Traditional Sports Culture%对彝族原生态传统体育文化的多维审视

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗建新; 王亚琼

    2012-01-01

    This paper applies the methods of investigation by questionnaires and literatures as well as field investigation and expert - visiting, and combines with document materials, research papers and historical data and the Internet to find out the origin, categories and characteristics of the original traditional sports culture in part of Yi' s tribes in Yunnan, Guizhou and Sichuan Provinces. Then, we analyze multi - dimensionally the results, comparing with national culture, folk festivals and traditional sports custom in the view of anthropology, summarize the cultural qualities, which is practically meaningful to help explore, utilize, inherit and carry forward the traditional sports of Minority Yi, further promoting the devel- opment of the nationwide traditional minority sports.%本文采用问卷调查、文献资料、田野调查、专家访谈法对云南、贵州、四川等地部分彝族山寨部落原生态传统体育文化的源流、类别及性质情况进行调查,结合文献资料、因特网等信息渠道查询翻阅彝学史料及有关研究论文,从民族文化、民俗节日与传统体育文化的生态人类学视角上对其进行多层面维度的分析与研究,归纳与总结彝族原生态传统体育的文化属性,对彝族传统体育文化资源的深入开发、利用、传承、弘扬和发展彝族传统体育文化,推动我国少数民族传统体育运动具有重要的现实意义。

  8. 非物质文化遗产视角下民族民间体育文化的传承与保护--以临淄蹴鞠为例%Inheritance and Protection of Ethnic Folk Sports Culture from the Perspective of Intangible Cultural Heritage---Taking Cuju in Linzi as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡彬彬

    2016-01-01

    蹴鞠是我国一项典型的民族传统体育项目,并作为非物质文化遗产列入第一批国家级非物质文化遗产名录。在竞技体育迅速发展的今天,民族传统体育越来越被冷落,本文通过文献资料法、实地考察法等研究方法,对蹴鞠文化在齐都临淄的认识度进行调查,发现人们对于蹴鞠比赛的认识普遍较高,但对于蹴鞠文化的深入了解仍存在不足,这主要是因为组织表演大于文化宣传;文化认知的缺失等原因导致的。%Cuju is a typical ethnic traditional sport in China and is listed in the first batch state -level intangible cultural heritage as an intangible cultural heritage.In today's rapid development of competitive sports,ethnic traditional sport is gradually left behind.With methods of literature and field survey,the paper investigates people’s understanding of Cuju culture in the Qi capital of Linzi and discovers that their understanding of Cuju competitions are generally high,but they still need to deepen the understanding of Cuju culture.This is mainly attributed by reasons such as more emphasis on organizing performance instead of cultural advocacy and loss of cultural cognition.

  9. "Let's Be Honest Most People in the Sporting Industry Are Still Males": The Importance of Socio-Cultural Context for Female Graduates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leberman, Sarah; Shaw, Sally

    2015-01-01

    The business case for diversity is increasingly being recognised. However, worldwide women are still under-represented at the executive level. The notions of employability and career adaptability are examined in the context of female sport management graduates, to better understand why they are not attaining leadership positions in New Zealand…

  10. Is the Humanitarian Failure in Haiti a System Failure?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Binder

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available It has become common sense in humanitarian circles to refer to the emergency responses to the 2010 Haiti earthquake and subsequent cholera outbreak as a failure. Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF began doing so publicly in a December 2010 article published in The Guardian. In this regard, Jean-Marc Biquet’s article – ‘Haiti: Between Emergency and Reconstruction. An Inadequate Response‘ – reflects a long list of publications that describe and analyse the international system’s shortcomings in res...

  11. Mental health in humanitarian settings: shifting focus to care systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jordans, Mark J D; Tol, Wietse A

    2013-03-01

    Mental health in low- and middle income countries has received increasing attention. This attention has shifted focus, roughly moving from demonstrating the burden of mental health problems, to establishing an evidence base for interventions, to thinking about care delivery frameworks. This paper reviews these trends specifically for humanitarian settings and discusses lessons learned. Notably, that mental health assessments need to go beyond measuring the impact of traumatic events on circumscribed psychiatric disorders; that evidence for effectiveness of interventions is still too weak and its focus too limited; and that development of service delivery in the context of instable community and health systems should be an area of key priority.

  12. What are the systematic needs andexperiences of LGBTQ humanitarian workers?

    OpenAIRE

    McLellan, Iain

    2017-01-01

    This thesis is the product of the author’s personal experience as a gay person working in the humanitarian sector who has experience of the challenges faced in countries of conflict and in countries where the rights of LGBTQ people are not assured. LGBTQ people have specific needs that are documented through research, highlighting the risks they face while working in high risk locations. With such limitations in the way that LGBTQ people are supported in the field, or in their home nations, w...

  13. Why don’t humanitarian organizations provide safe abortion services?

    OpenAIRE

    McGinn, Therese; Casey, Sara E

    2016-01-01

    Background Although sexual and reproductive health services have become more available in humanitarian settings over the last decade, safe abortion services are still rarely provided. The authors’ observations suggest that four reasons are typically given for this gap: ‘There’s no need’; ‘Abortion is too complicated to provide in crises’; ‘Donors don’t fund abortion services’; and ‘Abortion is illegal’. Discussion However, each of these reasons is based on false premises. Unsafe abortion is a...

  14. Dynamics of soil parameters relevant for humanitarian demining

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Obhodas, Jasmina [Institute Ruder Boskovic, Department of Experimental Physics, Bijenicka c. 54, P.O. Box 180, 10000 Zagreb (Croatia); Vdovic, Neda [Institute Ruder Boskovic, Department of Experimental Physics, Bijenicka c. 54, P.O. Box 180, 10000 Zagreb (Croatia); Valkovic, Vlado [Institute Ruder Boskovic, Department of Experimental Physics, Bijenicka c. 54, P.O. Box 180, 10000 Zagreb (Croatia)]. E-mail: valkovic@irb.hr

    2005-12-15

    In this paper we analyzed characteristics of 6 different soils from the test field at the Ruder Boskovic Institute. Many soil properties relevant for the performance of humanitarian demining tools strongly depend on water content. This is an effort to understand better the soil moisture variability and to find soil parameters that can predict the water content regarding the weather conditions. Such knowledge will allow to optimize demining operations. To gather the main parameters like field capacity, rate and delay of water infiltration and soil water retention which are all related to soil texture, daily time-series of soil moisture from August to November 2001, where analyzed.

  15. Analysis of Enterprise Sports Culture Festival Effects on Employees' Organizational Commitment and Job Performance%企业体育文化节对员工组织承诺和工作绩效的影响分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢碧荣; 兰翔

    2015-01-01

    本文以参加泉州某企业举办的体育文化节员工为调查对象,通过企业体育文化节中介变量,探讨员工在参与后对企业组织承诺与个人工作绩效影响情况.结果显示:员工参与体育文化节后,对组织承诺和工作绩效具有显著提高;员工组织承诺和工作绩效具有显著正相关;不同性别和婚姻状况的员工在总体组织承诺及三维度都未达到显著性差异.而不同年龄阶段、服务年限、职务的员工在总体组织承诺及三维度认知上均存在显著性差异.%This paper, to participate in an enterprise organized the sports culture festival staff as investigation object, through corporate sports festival mediating variables, explores employee commitment and participation in the impact of the situation on individual job performance organization. The results show: after employee participation in sports and cultural holiday, organizational commitment and job performance have improved significantly;organizational commitment and job performance has a significant positive correlation; employees of different gender and marital status in the overall organizational commitment and three dimensions do not reach significance differences. The different age, length of service, staff duties are significant differences in the overall three-dimensional degree of organizational commitment and awareness.

  16. 中国传统“天本位”的价值取向对传统体育文化的影响%On the Influence of Nature-oriented Values on Traditional Sports Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于红民

    2011-01-01

    Based on the interpretations of nature-oriented value direction as in traditional Chinese culture,the paper is intended to expound the influence of the value orientation on traditional sports culture by means of literature and logic analysis.The author holds that it is necessary to publicize,love,protect and learn from the nature,and that green sports should be introduced to promote harmonious development between human beings and the nature.%运用文献资料、逻辑分析等研究方法,在解读中国传统"天本位"价值取向的基础上,阐述了"天本位"的价值取向对中国传统体育文化的影响。提出在当今体育活动中要宣传自然、热爱自然、保护自然,实施绿色体育,促进人与自然的和谐发展。

  17. Writing lives in sport

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Mette Krogh

    Writing lives in sport is a book of stories about sports-persons. The people concerned include sports stars, sports people who are not quite so famous, and relatively unknown physical education teachers and sports scientists.Writing lives in sport raises questions about writing biographies...... in the academis world of sport studies. It does not set out to be a methodological treatise but through the writing of lives in sports does raise questions of method. Each essay in this collection deals with problems of writing sports-people's lives. These essays could be said to fall along a spectrum from those...... of the essays fails to recognise problems of sport-biography. Indeed, several focus explicitly on exemplifications of these problems and as such the book raises important questions for writing in a variety of sporting and educational disciplines....

  18. Ethical issues in sport psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watson, Jack C; Way, William C; Hilliard, Robert C

    2017-08-01

    The field of sport psychology is dynamic and growing. To continue building credibility with the public and allied professionals, effective and ethical practice is crucial. Advances in technology have allowed sport psychology professionals to consult with athletes from a distance, but practitioners must be mindful of their competency to use technology, confidentiality concerns, and the suitability of technology for their clients. Movement toward defining competency and clarifying issues of title usage are additional areas in which the field is gaining momentum. Recent attention has also been drawn to the topics of professional development and cultural competency. With the unique settings in which applied sport psychology practice takes place, attention to multiple relationships is another key ethical issue. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. Creating sport consumers in Dutch sport policy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Roest, Jan Willem; Vermeulen, Jeroen; van Bottenburg, Maarten; LS Sportontw. & Managing Social Issues; UU LEG Research USG Public Matters Managing Social Issues; LS Management van Cultuur en Zingeving

    2014-01-01

    This article deals with the tension between the association logic and the market logic that appears in the domain of voluntary sport clubs (VSCs). We present a qualitative analysis of sport policy texts of fifteen Dutch national sport organizations (NSOs) and the national umbrella organization to ex

  20. Creating sport consumers in Dutch sport policy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Roest, Jan Willem; Vermeulen, Jeroen; van Bottenburg, Maarten; LS Sportontw. & Managing Social Issues; UU LEG Research USG Public Matters Managing Social Issues; LS Management van Cultuur en Zingeving

    2014-01-01

    This article deals with the tension between the association logic and the market logic that appears in the domain of voluntary sport clubs (VSCs). We present a qualitative analysis of sport policy texts of fifteen Dutch national sport organizations (NSOs) and the national umbrella organization to ex