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Sample records for humanistic approach based

  1. Humanistic Approaches to Foreign Language Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YAN Ning-lian

    2016-01-01

    Some educators and teachers stated that the reason of the major failures in foreign language teaching was that teachers could not help their students to discover the personal meaning of the information they provided. To deal with the problem that students were regarded as containers and classroom learning was dull, humanistic approaches were put forward.

  2. Pedagogic process modeling: Humanistic-integrative approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boritko Nikolaj M.

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with some current problems of modeling the dynamics of the subject-features development of the individual. The term "process" is considered in the context of the humanistic-integrative approach, in which the principles of self education are regarded as criteria for efficient pedagogic activity. Four basic characteristics of the pedagogic process are pointed out: intentionality reflects logicality and regularity of the development of the process; discreteness (stageability in dicates qualitative stages through which the pedagogic phenomenon passes; nonlinearity explains the crisis character of pedagogic processes and reveals inner factors of self-development; situationality requires a selection of pedagogic conditions in accordance with the inner factors, which would enable steering the pedagogic process. Offered are two steps for singling out a particular stage and the algorithm for developing an integrative model for it. The suggested conclusions might be of use for further theoretic research, analyses of educational practices and for realistic predicting of pedagogical phenomena. .

  3. HUMANISTIC APPROACH IN MOBILE ADHOC NETWORK: HAMANET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Md. Amir Khusru Akhtar

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Human society is a complex and most organized networks, in which many communities have different cultural livelihood. The creation/formation of one or more communities within a society and the way of associations can be mapped to MANET. By involving human characteristics and behavior, surely it would pave a new way, for further development. In this paper we have presented a new approach called “HAMANET” which is not only robust and secure but it certainly meets the challenges of MANET (such as name resolution, address allocation and authentication. Our object oriented design defines a service in terms of Arts, Culture, and Machine. The ‘Art’ is the smallest unit of work (defined as an interface, the ‘Culture’ is the integration/assembling of one or more Arts (defined as a class and finally the ‘Machine’ which is an instance of a Culture that defines a service. The grouping of the communicable Machines of the same Culture forms a ‘Community’. We have used the term ‘Society’ for MANET consisting of one or more communities and modeled using humanistic approach. We have compared our design with GloMoSim and proposed the implementation of file transfer service using the said approach. Our approach gives better results in terms of implementation of the basic services, security, reliability, throughput, extensibility, scalability etc.

  4. The humanistic approach in the Public Accountant Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Carlos Dextre Flores

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this article is to show the importance of the humanistic approach of the accounting student considering the social orientation of accounting knowledge whose main objectives are the preparation, interpretation and assessing of the financial information of the different economical events. These reflections results from three years work devoted to the preparation and implementation of a new career program based on competences for the Facultad de Administración y Contabilidad of the Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú (PUCP and the result of a research about the needs and interests of the academic, social and business agents related to the accounting field. The career program adopted take the graduated of the career to prepare moral positive judgments and to understand that the occupation training is just a part of the human approach.

  5. Humanistic Approach and Affective Factors in Foreign Language Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗馨

    2010-01-01

    For a long time,Chinese EFL teaching has been following the teacher-centered model,which emphasizes the cognitive aspect but ignores the affective factors. So "emotional illiteracy" is a common phemenon and harmful to language learning and students' all-round development. This essay lays special stress on humanistic approach and analyzes the influence of some important affective factors on language learning,for the purpose of inviting teachers' attention to students' emotions in fulfilling their teaching task.

  6. [Homeopathy: a humanistic approach to medical practice].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teixeira, Marcus Zulian

    2007-01-01

    During the last decade, the traditional medical model has endeavoured to retrieve an improvement in the patient-physician relationship by means of propositions for humanization in the areas of education, medical care and policies. To enhance holistic characteristics of non-conventional practices in health, the incorporation of several aspects of humanities in understanding the process of the individual's illness, stressing that the physician's interest in aspects apparently not related to the impaired organ (history of the patients life, personality, interests, etc.) should be added to the technical and less humanized consultation. Since homeopathy embraces this wide semiological approach as inherent practice, using the totality of characteristic symptoms to evaluate organic unbalance and choose means of treatment, homeopathic clinical practice can significantly contribute to humanism in medicine.

  7. PLA-Based Curriculum: Humanistic Model of Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Popova-Gonci, Viktoria; Tobol, Amy Ruth

    2011-01-01

    The authors believe that there is no inherent academic validity or lack of thereof in the notion of prior learning assessment (PLA)-based curriculum. If mishandled, it can become the tool for carrying out diploma mill practices. Conversely, if implemented and facilitated appropriately, PLA-based curricula can offer humanistic educational values…

  8. The Humanistic Approach: A Model For Dental Health Curriculums.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beall, Sue; Hurley, Robert S.

    1982-01-01

    A special dental health curriculum, called the Tattletooth Curriculum, demonstrates the use of the humanistic model in health education and its concern for the learner as a total person. The main concept in the development of this curriculum is that the prospect for changing behavior is unlikely unless the health information is personally…

  9. Humanistic HCI

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bardzell, Jeffrey; Bardzell, Shaowen

    2015-01-01

    Although it has influenced the field of Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) since its origins, humanistic HCI has come into its own since the early 2000s. In that time, it has made substantial contributions to HCI theory and methodologies and also had major influence in user experience (UX) design......, aesthetic interaction, and emancipatory/social change-oriented approaches to HCI. This book reintroduces the humanities to a general HCI readership; characterizes its major epistemological and methodological commitments as well as forms of rigor; compares the scientific report vs. the humanistic essay...... as research products, while offering some practical advice for peer review; and focuses on two major topics where humanistic HCI has had particular influence in the field—user experience and aesthetics and emancipatory approaches to computing. This book argues for a more inclusive and broad reach...

  10. A Humanistic Approach to Accountability in Reading Instruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Westcott, Renee P.

    Accountability can be applied to reading instruction by matching instructional intent to the results in terms of observable learner accomplishment. An approach to accountability, based on Bloom's concept of student mastery of subject matter, consists of six components which the student passes through in the reading instructional process: (1)…

  11. Humanistic Approach Features and Its Using in Foreign Language Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹友义

    2013-01-01

    By explaining the meaning of“Humanism”and how it influenced the foreign language teaching, this essay discusses about the basic features of the Humanism Approach as well as what we should pay attention to when using this approach in prac- tical foreign language teaching.

  12. A Humanistic Existential Perspective on Career Counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bloland, Paul A.; Walker, Betty A.

    1981-01-01

    Presents an approach to career counseling based on humanistic existentialism (HE). The philosophical and psychological background of HE is reviewed with implications for various counseling dimensions including diagnosis, process, outcomes, interview techniques, test interpretation, and occupational information. (RC)

  13. A Review and Critical Analysis of Humanistic Approaches to Treating Disturbed Clients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansen, James T.

    1999-01-01

    Humanistic psychotherapies for disturbed clients, including client-centered and existential-phenomenological treatments, are reviewed. It is concluded that humanistic treatments are effective and provide a good conceptual framework for working with disturbed clients. (Author/MKA)

  14. Scientific Literacy: A Freirean Perspective as a Radical View of Humanistic Science Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dos Santos, Wildson L. P.

    2009-01-01

    In this article, a rationale for advancing a new idea in humanistic science education is developed from a Paulo Freire perspective. Paulo Freire developed a well-known approach to adult literacy based on his humanistic ideas through the dialogical process. From Freirean educational principles, the idea unfolds that a Freirean humanistic science…

  15. Physical restraint in acute care psychiatry: a humanistic and realistic nursing approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moylan, Lois Biggin

    2009-03-01

    Despite the many advances in psychiatry, violence in acute care settings continues and may be increasing. This is particularly problematic, considering the desire of mental health professionals to attain the goal of a restraint-free environment. Respecting the inherent worth, dignity, and autonomy of the patient is necessary if a therapeutic outcome is to be achieved; however, protecting the safety of the patient, other patients, and the caregivers is of no less importance, yet this responsibility also carries with it legal and ethical implications. Balancing these two responsibilities can be realized even in a situation where supportive therapeutic interventions have been ineffective in de-escalation of an aggressive patient. When used with a compassionate, humanistic approach, restraint can achieve a therapeutic outcome for the patient while protecting the safety of others.

  16. [The triad configuration, humanist-existential-personal: a theoretical and methodological approach to psychiatric and mental health nursing].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vietta, E P

    1995-01-01

    The author establishes a research line based on a theoretical-methodological referential for the qualitative investigation of psychiatric nursing and mental health. Aspects of humanist and existential philosophies and personalism were evaluated integrating them in a unique perspective. In order to maintain the scientific method of research in this referential the categorization process which will be adopted in this kind of investigation was explained.

  17. Using Existential-Humanistic Approaches in Counseling Adolescents with Inappropriate Sexual Behaviors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parrish, Mark S.; Stanard, Rebecca P.; Cobia, Debra C.

    2008-01-01

    Adolescent sexual acting out behaviors frequently occur in the context of comorbid issues, such as depression, trauma, behavioral disorders, and developmental deficits, thus rendering any single treatment modality less effective. Augmenting traditional treatment with an existential-humanistic (E-H) perspective enables counselors to more…

  18. The humanistic and behavioral traditions: areas of agreement and disagreement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elkins, David N

    2012-12-01

    This comment, a response to Steven Hayes's contribution, addresses areas of agreement and disagreement between the humanistic and behavioral traditions. Areas of agreement include a common interest in humanism, cognition, and contextualism. Areas of disagreement include Hayes's analysis of humanistic psychology's historical focus on human science and qualitative research as well as his view that humanistic psychology is not scientifically based. In the interest of collaboration, the article concludes with a request that behavioral clinicians be more cautious about extolling the specialness of behavioral approaches in psychotherapy.

  19. Empowering Dialogues in Humanistic Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aloni, Nimrod

    2013-01-01

    In this article I propose a conception of empowering educational dialogue within the framework of humanistic education. It is based on the notions of Humanistic Education and Empowerment, and draws on a large and diverse repertoire of dialogues--from the classical Socratic, Confucian and Talmudic dialogues, to the modern ones associated with the…

  20. Humanistic Nursing Theory: application to hospice and palliative care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Hung-Lan; Volker, Deborah L

    2012-02-01

    This article presents a discussion of the relevance of Humanistic Nursing Theory to hospice and palliative care nursing. The World Health Organization has characterized the need for expert, palliative and end-of-life care as a top priority for global health care. The specialty of hospice and palliative care nursing embraces a humanistic caring and holistic approach to patient care. As this resonates with Paterson and Zderad's Humanistic Nursing Theory, an understanding of hospice nurses' experiences can be investigated by application of relevant constructs in the theory. This article is based on Paterson and Zderad's publications and other theoretical and research articles and books focused on Humanistic Nursing Theory (1976-2009), and data from a phenomenological study of the lived experience of Taiwanese hospice nurses conducted in 2007. Theoretical concepts relevant to hospice and palliative nursing included moreness-choice, call-and-response, intersubjective transaction, uniqueness-otherness, being and doing and community. The philosophical perspectives of Humanistic Nursing Theory are relevant to the practice of hospice and palliative care nursing. By 'being with and doing with', hospice and palliative nurses can work with patients to achieve their final goals in the last phase of life. Use of core concepts from Humanistic Nursing Theory can provide a unifying language for planning care and describing interventions. Future research efforts in hospice and palliative nursing should define and evaluate these concepts for efficacy in practice settings. © 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  1. Humanistic Psychology: How Realistic?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riebel, Linda

    1982-01-01

    Overviews themes relating to humanistic psychology. Discusses the tendency of theorists to unconsciously externalize their own psyches. Examines the historical context of humanistic psychology. Discusses humanistic psychology's contribution to understanding the less healthy person. Provides instances of unrealistic thinking by humanistic…

  2. A Practical and Reflexive Liberal-Humanist Approach to International Mindedness in International Schools: Case Studies from Malaysia and Brunei

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tamatea, Laurence

    2008-01-01

    This article explores the response to cultural diversity and international mindedness at international schools in Malaysia and Brunei. It shows that the curriculum at these schools is set within a liberal-humanist framework, which some might suggest facilitates the project of "Westernization". It argues, however, that under the (local)…

  3. The Humanist Moment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Higgins, Chris

    2014-01-01

    In "The Humanist Moment," Chris Higgins sets out to recover a tenable, living humanism, rejecting both the version vilified by the anti-humanists and the one sentimentalized by the reactionary nostalgists. Rescuing humanism from such polemics is only the first step, as we find at least nine rival, contemporary definitions of humanism.…

  4. Social conceiving and local view as bases for a journalistic education with a humanist and citizenship character

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gibran Luis Lachowski

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to present the theoretical outline and a set of methodologies that sustain and enable the development of a pedagogical perspective at the Social Communication School (precisely Journalism of the University of the State of Mato Grosso (Unemat, in the city of Alto Araguaia, Central West Region of Brazil, based on the valorization of a local view and a social character. Seeks to expose how concepts of education, communication and journalism line up in order to ensure an academic formation guided by critical reading of reality, social historical protagonism, the humanistic dimension of knowledge and by the maturity of a culture of promotion of public and general interests. Shows how this theoretical base is made possible from teaching techniques applied to subjects linked to the news´s conceptualization and production, encouraging college students to increase interest and comprehension regarding the logical functioning of the places where they live, insert themselves to this reality and act in order to reduce the symbolic imbalance among social actors that forms part with the city.

  5. Hamlet the Humanist

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘恒

    2014-01-01

    William Shakespeare has left us the remarkable tragedy Hamlet, a typical novel in which the readers are deeply im-pressed by Hamlet, a special hero of his kind and also a humanist in the Renaissance Period.

  6. Emotion-Aware Assistive System for Humanistic Care Based on the Orange Computing Concept

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jhing-Fa Wang

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Mental care has become crucial with the rapid growth of economy and technology. However, recent movements, such as green technologies, place more emphasis on environmental issues than on mental care. Therefore, this study presents an emerging technology called orange computing for mental care applications. Orange computing refers to health, happiness, and physiopsychological care computing, which focuses on designing algorithms and systems for enhancing body and mind balance. The representative color of orange computing originates from a harmonic fusion of passion, love, happiness, and warmth. A case study on a human-machine interactive and assistive system for emotion care was conducted in this study to demonstrate the concept of orange computing. The system can detect emotional states of users by analyzing their facial expressions, emotional speech, and laughter in a ubiquitous environment. In addition, the system can provide corresponding feedback to users according to the results. Experimental results show that the system can achieve an accurate audiovisual recognition rate of 81.8% on average, thereby demonstrating the feasibility of the system. Compared with traditional questionnaire-based approaches, the proposed system can offer real-time analysis of emotional status more efficiently.

  7. Reflection and Critical Thinking of Humanistic Care in Medical Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shu-Jen Shiau

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to stress the importance and learning issues of humanistic care in medical education. This article will elaborate on the following issues: (1 introduction; (2 reflection and critical thinking; (3 humanistic care; (4 core values and teaching strategies in medical education; and (5 learning of life cultivation. Focusing on a specific approach used in humanistic care, it does so for the purpose of allowing the health professional to understand and apply the concepts of humanistic value in their services.

  8. The importance of communication in pediatric oncology palliative care: focus on Humanistic Nursing Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    França, Jael Rúbia Figueiredo de Sá; da Costa, Solange Fátima Geraldo; Lopes, Maria Emilia Limeira; da Nóbrega, Maria Miriam Lima; de França, Inacia Sátiro Xavier

    2013-01-01

    to investigate and analyze communication in palliative care contexts from the perspective of nurses, based on Humanistic Nursing Theory. this is a field study with a qualitative approach, in which ten nurses working in the pediatric oncology unit of a Brazilian public hospital participated. Semi-structured interviews were used to collect data. The testimonies were qualitatively analyzed using Humanistic Nursing Theory and based on the five phases of Nursing Phenomenology. two thematic categories emerged from the analysis of the study's empirical material: "strategy to humanize nursing care, with an emphasis on relieving the child's suffering" and "strategy to strengthen ties of trust established between nurse and child." communication is an efficacious element in the care provided to the child with cancer and is extremely important to promoting palliative care when it is based on Humanistic Nursing Theory.

  9. 基于人文素质教育提升高职学生职业能力的有效途径研究——以湖南邮电职业技术学院为例%Research on Effective Approaches of Enhancing Vocational Ability Based on Humanistic Quality Education in Higher Vocational Colleges——take Hunan Post and Telecommunication College as an example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    易珊

    2015-01-01

    高职教育作为培养技术人才的重要摇篮,面向市场化的特点非常的突出,很大程度受到市场的影响,但是,市场需求的不仅仅是专业技能,越来越多的企业对于人的综合能力,包括人文素质提出了要求,因此,高校应该也必须建立与市场和社会相适应的人才培养模式.在这种情形下,挖掘人文素质培养在高校的培养途径,帮助面向社会的人才树立正确的人生观、价值观、世界观势在必行.文章重点探讨了高职院校如何通过加强人文素质教育培养,使学生们能够在进入社会时,有较高的综合能力,并不断通过自身的努力与提高,实现社会与自我的价值.%As an important cradle of training technical personnel, higher vocational education is prominently market-oriented, which greatly influenced by the market. But the market needs more than professional skills. More and more enterprises require people's comprehensive capabilities, including humanistic quality. Therefore, colleges and universities should also set up the model of talent cultivation suitable for the market and society. In this case, it is necessary to develop the cultivation approaches of humanistic quality in higher education, and help talents establish a correct outlook on life, values and world outlook. This paper focuses on how colleges and universities cultivate the students'great comprehensive ability when students enter into the society by strengthening the cultivation of humanistic quality education, and how students realize social and self-value by hard-working.

  10. The Humanist Philosophy in Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwords, Frederick

    1984-01-01

    Humanist principles stress the importance of the individual, of scientific methodology, and of human needs. The basic principles of humanist beliefs concerning the world and the position of human beings in natural and social worlds are reviewed. (IS)

  11. Humanist ideology and nurse education. I. Humanist educational theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Purdy, M

    1997-06-01

    Nurse education is dominated by the humanist perspective and the educational theory that it generates. Following a brief description of the perspective's phenomenological foundations and definition of humanist ideology, humanist educational theory is illustrated in an outline of the key contributions of John Dewey, Carl Rogers, Malcolm Knowles and Paulo Freire. The article concludes by noting Freire's sociological challenge to the individualism of the humanist perspective. This challenge recognizes the ideological and social control role of education in securing the reproduction of power relations and leads to questioning the function of individualism and the interests that humanist ideology may serve.

  12. A Critical Humanist Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magill, Kevin; Rodriguez, Arturo

    2015-01-01

    This essay is a critical humanist discussion of curriculum; a departure from the technicist view of education [education meant to support a global capitalist economy] and an analysis of curriculum considering critical humanism, political economy and critical race theory among other modes of critical analysis and inquiry. Our discussion supports a…

  13. Is Psychodiagnostic Assessment Humanistic?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sugarman, Alan

    1978-01-01

    Humanistic psychologists tend to describe psychodiagnostic assessment as nonhumanistic. They argue that assessment is reductionistic and artificial, ignores the examiner-patient relationship, judges people, and is overly intellectual. These concerns are then addressed from a pro-assessment perspective. (EVH)

  14. William Shakespeare--Humanist

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    代丽娟

    2015-01-01

    Absract:Shakespeare is one of the greatest writers in the Renaissance period. His works are full of human characters and relationships.The purpose of this study is to research humanism in Shakespeare’s works in order to certify he is a Renaissance humanist.

  15. A call for a multifaceted approach to language learning motivation research: Combining complexity, humanistic, and critical perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julian Pigott

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available In this paper I give an overview of recent developments in the L2 motivation field, in particular the movement away from quantitative, questionnaire-based methodologies toward smaller-scale qualitative studies incorporating concepts from complexity theory. While complexity theory provides useful concepts for exploring motivation in new ways, it has nothing to say about ethics, morality, ideology, politics, power or educational purpose. Furthermore, calls for its use come primarily from researchers from the quantitative tradition whose aim in importing this paradigm from the physical sciences appears to be to conceptualize and model motivation more accurately. The endeavor therefore remains a fundamentally positivist one. Rather than being embraced as a self-contained methodology, I argue that complexity theory should be used cautiously and prudently alongside methods grounded in other philosophical traditions. Possibilities abound, but here I suggest one possible multifaceted approach combining complexity theory, a humanisticconception of motivation, and a critical perspective.

  16. Relationships between scores on the Jefferson Scale of physician empathy, patient perceptions of physician empathy, and humanistic approaches to patient care: a validity study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glaser, Karen M; Markham, Fred W; Adler, Herbert M; McManus, Patrick R; Hojat, Mohammadreza

    2007-07-01

    Empathy is the backbone of a positive physician-patient relationship. Physician empathy and the patient's awareness of the physician's empathic concern can lead to a more positive clinical outcome. The Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy (JSPE) was completed by 36 physicians in the Family Medicine residency program at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, and 90 patients evaluated these physicians by completing the Jefferson Scale of Patient Perceptions of Physician Empathy (JSPPPE), and a survey about physicians' humanistic approaches to patient care. A statistically significant correlation was found between scores of the JSPE and JSPPPE (r=0.48, p<0.05). Significant correlations were also obtained between scores of the JSPE and patients' assessments that their physician was concerned about their feelings (r=0.55, p<0.01), and that the physician took their wishes into account in making treatment decisions (r=0.48, p<0.05). A negative correlation was observed between scores of the JSPE and patient's perception that their physician was in hurry (r=-0.50, p<0.01). These findings provide further support for the validity of the JSPE. Implications for the assessments of empathy in the physician-patient relationship as related to clinical outcomes are discussed.

  17. Recent Changes in Humanistic Research Practices

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansson, Lasse Gøhler; Vikman, Jutta Maria; Liljenstrøm, Andreas Jan

    2016-01-01

    The present paper analyzes changes in research practices in the humanities around the turn of the millennium. The analysis is based on a reading of all humanistic PhD dissertations in Denmark between 1992 and 2012 (N=1,958). For every dissertation we recorded not only language, format, co-authors...

  18. Voces de Olympo (Echoes from Mount Olympus). A Humanistic Approach to Latin for Children in the Sixth Grade: Teachers' Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masciantonio, Rudolph; And Others

    This curriculum guide, developed for use in a sixth-grade FLES (foreign language in elementary school) program, embraces a visual-audiolingual approach to the teaching of Latin while providing a source of materials for the teaching of the culture of ancient Rome. The course is organized around eight major units on: (1) Jupiter and His Siblings,…

  19. Implications and Realization Approach of Hospital Humanistic Management%浅谈医院“人文管理”的含义及其实现途径

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵世初

    2014-01-01

    ln order to meet the requirements of medical market, humanistic management has come to be the consensus of modern hospital managers. This paper discusses the differences and relations among hospital humanistic management, humanistic service and hospital culture, and discusses a way to realize hospital humanistic management, which leads to higher efficiency operation and better medical service.%为适应患者需要及医疗市场竞争需求,医院“人文管理”理念已成为现代管理者的共识,文章就“人文管理”与“人文服务”“医院文化”的区别和联系进行论述,并阐述实现“人文管理”的基本途径,以达到维持医院高效运营、为患者提供优质服务的目标。

  20. The INSPIRE Project: Using the "Unknown" to Co-Construct a Training Course on Humanistic Counselling in Afghanistan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berdondini, Lucia; Grieve, Sandra; Kaveh, Ali

    2014-01-01

    This article details a collaborative project between the University of Strathclyde (UK) and the University of Herat (Afghanistan). The aim was to co-construct a model of training, based on humanistic approaches, in order to enhance counselling services in Afghanistan and to establish counselling training at the University of Herat. Two groups of…

  1. Homeopatia: prática médica humanística Homeopathy: a humanistic approach to medical practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcus Zulian Teixeira

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Na última década, o modelo médico vigente busca resgatar um incremento na relação médico-paciente, com propostas de humanização nas áreas da educação, assistência e política médica. Valorizar características holísticas das práticas não convencionais em saúde sugere a incorporação de aspectos diversos das ciências humanas no entendimento do processo de adoecimento do indivíduo, ressaltando que o interesse do médico por aspectos aparentemente não relacionados ao órgão acometido (história de vida do paciente, personalidade, interesses etc. deve ser acrescentado à consulta médica técnica e não-humanizada. Tendo em vista que a homeopatia utiliza esta ampla abordagem semiológica como prática inerente, empregando a totalidade de sintomas característicos do enfermo para avaliar o desequilíbrio orgânico e escolher o meio de tratamento, a prática clínica homeopática tem muito a contribuir com o humanismo da medicina.During the last decade, the traditional medical model has endeavoured to retrieve an improvement in the patient-physician relationship by means of propositions for humanization in the areas of education, medical care and policies. To enhance holistic characteristics of non-conventional practices in health, the incorporation of several aspects of humanities in understanding the process of the individual's illness, stressing that the physician's interest in aspects apparently not related to the impaired organ (history of the patients life, personality, interests, etc. should be added to the technical and less humanized consultation. Since homeopathy embraces this wide semiological approach as inherent practice, using the totality of characteristic symptoms to evaluate organic unbalance and choose means of treatment, homeopathic clinical practice can signnificantly contribute to humanism in medicine.

  2. Sigmund Koch as critical humanist.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, M B

    2001-05-01

    Just as Sigmund Koch was a good scientist without succumbing to scientism, he was a good humanist without succumbing to the popular distortions trading on the name of humanism. When humanistic psychology was seduced by the touchy-feely encounter group movement, Koch derided its technology of authenticity as shamelessly meretricious. Later, when postmodern humanists of deconstruction and textual analysis began to be heard in psychology, Koch wryly expressed his preference for the old-fashioned kind of humanism. Koch's interests and his conception of the domain of psychology thus transcended scientific and humanistic labels and boundaries. To be good science, human psychological studies have to start with and be guided by openness to all aspects of being human. No less in the present and future than during his lifetime, the implications of Koch's vision of psychological inquiry warrant discerning and disciplined attention.

  3. Recent Changes in Humanistic Research Practices

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansson, Lasse Gøhler; Vikman, Jutta Maria; Liljenstrøm, Andreas Jan

    2016-01-01

    and analytical methods/techniques such as qualitative interviews, participant observation, categorized coding and statistical analysis. With respect to theoretical sources, many humanistic PhD dissertations also converge with the social sciences. We discuss these findings in the light of the situation......The present paper analyzes changes in research practices in the humanities around the turn of the millennium. The analysis is based on a reading of all humanistic PhD dissertations in Denmark between 1992 and 2012 (N=1,958). For every dissertation we recorded not only language, format, co......-authors and supervisors but also the theoretical sources, data types and analytical methods/techniques used. We show that, while the share of article-based dissertations (as opposed to monographs) is relatively stable, the share of English dissertations grows from around 18 percent in the beginning of the period...

  4. Humanist Therapies in Postmodernity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magdalena Roxana NECULA

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The analysis of the disease from a spiritual perspective means to take into account those theories that do not consider the patient as part of some statistics or the disease as an exclusive psycho-somatic reality, which is due to disturbances of the physiological system. To consider the person exclusively from the stand point of the disease leads to a situation in which the diagnosis creates the patient. To asses that any condition of this nature can be cured or improved solely through medication – as there is pressure from the U.S. health insurance companies – has an effect of shrinking responsibility of the patient who is not involved in the healing process. Fortunately, in the twentieth century, a number of therapies that regard the patient as the central concern, have been developed- obviously, not regarding the chronically ill, which remain the patient of the psychiatric cure- as a person responsible for what happens to him/her, of affection, and the amelioration of his/her health. Of these, in our article we reviewed the principles of existential psychotherapy by Irvin D. Yalom, Viktor Frenkl’s logotherapy and the humanistic psychotherapy (customer centric by Carl R. Rogers.

  5. HUMANISTIC STRATEGIES IN THE EFL SPEAKING CLASS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josefa J. Mardijono

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses on the humanistic strategies woven into the EFL speaking class activities. The speaking class, which the writer used for her study, is the highest level of speaking course offered in the curriculum of the English Department of Petra Christian University, to develop students' English speaking skills, particularly in public speaking. The humanistic strategies are based on the assumption that a "supportive and co-operative group atmosphere" ((Hadfield, 1995, p.15 will enhance learning to bring out the best of the students. The primary aims are to help the students, through active participation, to develop more positive feelings about themselves and their classmates, to co-operate and support each other to grow and excel at their speech performance. Based on the students' evaluation and the teacher's observation of the students' public speech performance and their academic achievement, it can be concluded that the humanistic strategies have created a co-operative and supportive group atmosphere and has given positive effects on the students' speech performance. This is also a rewarding experience for the teacher.

  6. 人文整体医学模式下的医德观构建研究%The Research on Medical Ethics Construction Based on Holistic Humanistic Medical Mode

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋戈利

    2016-01-01

    The holistic humanistic medical mode is a new mode constructed in 21st century guided by transcen-dental innovation concept.Based on the characteristics and principles of human medicine,the cardinal points in building holistic humanistic medical mode are to highlight the nature of the medical humanism and implement the fit-ness and unity of the spirit of medical science and humanistic medicine in order to construct the medical ethics cul-ture concept of possessing both abilities and political integrity.The traditional Chinese virtues of “Jing (Excellen-cy)”and “Cheng (Integrity)”of great physician in medical practice and international medical professional ethics of-fer a referential significance for the construction of holistic humanistic medical ethics.The construction and the prac-tice of holistic humanistic medical ethics are conducive not only to the fusion of the eastern and western medicine and the standardization of international and domestic ethics,but also to the revival of the medical humanistic spirit, which will help reverse current medical tendency of alienation and build the medical ethics of possessing ability and political integrity.%人文整体医学模式是在包容超越型创新理念指导下而构建的21世纪人类医学新模式。基于人类医学的特性与宗旨,凸显医学的人学本质,实现医学科学精神和医学人文精神的契合与统一,建构德才兼备的医德观念,是构建人文整体医学模式的核心内容之一。传统中国的大医精诚思想与国际医学职业精神对构建人文整体医德观有重要借鉴意义。人文整体医德观的完整建构与切实践行,不仅有益于东西方医学的融合贯通和国际国内医德的规范统一,更有利于复归复兴医学的人文精神、逆转当今医学的异化倾向和营造科学与人文并重的医德风尚。

  7. Improving humanistic quality education for vocational college students based on English film appreciation course%基于英文影视赏析课程平台的高职人文素质教育研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王珏; 余薇

    2015-01-01

    由于高职生家庭教育的缺位、学生自身原因、高职教育的功利性导致高职人文教育缺失,因此教师需强化自身观念,充分利用英文影视赏析课程这个教育平台,引进翻转课堂教学模式,改革评估方式,渗透人文素质教育。%Lack of family education, reasons of students themselves and the utilitarianism of education lead to the neglect of humanistic education in higher vocational colleges. Thus, teachers should enhance humanistic quality education by means of transformations of notions, introduction of the flipped class model and reform of assessment measures based on the platform of English film appreciation course.

  8. Multicultural Humanistic Psychology: Empirical Investigations of Humanistic Concepts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaffins, Belinda J.; McConnell, Stephen C.

    Multicultural psychology examines existential-humanistic concerns in reference to the unique world of the client. Some of these contextual variables include race, age, religion, gender, sexual orientation, ethnicity, sociocultural and sociopolitical influences, as well as the roles of power, privilege, and disadvantage. Diversity impacts…

  9. Finding the Black Self: A Humanistic Strategy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Rhett S.

    1980-01-01

    Presents a strategy for the study of Black self-definition. Discusses the use of the constructs "personality" and "culture" by humanistic psychologists. Attends to the utility of humanistic strategies for penetrating Black presentations of self. Explores humanistic developments in anthropology, history, and sociology, as well as in psychology.…

  10. The Construction of Enterprise Management Model based on Humanistic Managing Concept%基于人本管理理念的企业管理模式构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕玲

    2014-01-01

    本文以人本管理理念为指导,阐述基于人本主义企业管理模式,首先分析人本主义管理的内涵,并将JIT人本主义理念融入到企业管理模式构建的过程中,通过阐述“当下”对于员工的意义,从员工人权的充分保障、员工自我管理等方面论述了基于人本管理理念的企业管理模式。%Directed by humanistic managing concept, this paper analyzes the connotation of humanistic manage-ment, integrates the concept of JIt into the construction of enterprise management model, and discusses the enterprise management model based on humanistic managing concept by elaborating the meaning of JIT on employees, from full guarantee of human rights and self-management of employees. .

  11. Practicing what we preach in humanistic and positive psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Churchill, Scott D; Mruk, Christopher J

    2014-01-01

    Comments on the article "The humanistic psychology-positive psychology divide: Contrasts in philosophical foundations" by Waterman (see record 2013-12501-001). With a largely backward glance cast toward humanistic psychology's early successes, Waterman's article concluded by turning toward positive psychology's "vibrant" future and pointed to irreconcilable differences that would limit further dialogue between the two fields. From the current authors' perspective, such an assessment results in premature closure on the relationship between the two subdisciplines, as we in the humanistic tradition continue to appreciate and place our trust in the power of dialogue. Psychologists on both sides of this epistemological boundary might therefore benefit from focusing on the possibilities offered by an interface between the two approaches rather than on a divide that is far more likely to push us apart.

  12. Philosophical Humanism as the ideological basis of humanistic educational process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nadejda Novichkova

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses the ideas of humanism as the philosophical basis of humanistic educational process. The essence of the spiritual philosophy of humanism, which directly determines the essential features of humanistic pedagogy and humanistic educational process.

  13. Critical Contributions of Piaget to Humanistic Psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cassel, Russell N.

    Humanistic psychologists now embrace many of the same principles which served as the basis for Piaget's theory. These same theories were described earlier by John Locke and Immanuel Kant, and were the basis of the new "Humanism" movement in Germany in the 18th century. If one considers humanistic psychology as a kind of culmination of…

  14. Humanistic Reflection of the Monetary Value Based on the Critical Theory of Technology%基于技术批判理论的人的价值货币化问题的人文反思

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭军; 郭明悦

    2012-01-01

    In modern society, the rapid development of technology and civilization lead people into the abyss of alienation, the rich and colorful value of human being turns into downsized symbolic currency. Based on this alienation of values, technology authority builds up a set of complete and distorted rule of technology. How to better understand the negative effect for human being brought by alienation of technology through humanistic reflection to further search technological and humanistic harmony is the important field of in-depth study needed by technical philosophy.%现代社会技术文明的高速发展将人带入了异化的深渊,人的丰富多彩的价值转变成了被缩小化的符号化货币.基于这种价值观的异化,技术权威构建起了一套完整而扭曲的技术统治.如何通过人文反思来更好的认识技术异化带给人类的负面效应,并进一步寻求技术与人文的和谐相融,这将是技术哲学需要深入研究的重要领域.

  15. Neuroscience and humanistic psychiatry: a residency curriculum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffith, James L

    2014-04-01

    Psychiatry residencies with a commitment to humanism commonly prioritize training in psychotherapy, cultural psychiatry, mental health policy, promotion of human rights, and similar areas reliant upon dialogue and collaborative therapeutic relationships. The advent of neuroscience as a defining paradigm for psychiatry has challenged residencies with a humanistic focus due to common perceptions that it would entail constriction of psychiatric practice to diagnostic and psychopharmacology roles. The author describes a neuroscience curriculum that has taught psychopharmacology effectively, while also advancing effectiveness of language-based and relationship-based therapeutics. In 2000, the George Washington University psychiatry residency initiated a neuroscience curriculum consisting of (1) a foundational postgraduate year 2 seminar teaching cognitive and social neuroscience and its integration into clinical psychopharmacology, (2) advanced seminars that utilized a neuroscience perspective in teaching specific psychotherapeutic skill sets, and (3) case-based teaching in outpatient clinical supervisions that incorporated a neuroscience perspective into traditional psychotherapy supervisions. Curricular assessment was conducted by (1) RRC reaccreditation site visit feedback, (2) examining career trajectories of residency graduates, (3) comparing PRITE exam Somatic Treatments subscale scores for 2010-2012 residents with pre-implementation residents, and (4) postresidency survey assessment by 2010-2012 graduates. The 2011 RRC site visit report recommended a "notable practice" citation for "innovative neurosciences curriculum." Three of twenty 2010-2012 graduates entered neuroscience research fellowships, as compared to none before the new curriculum. PRITE Somatic Treatments subscale scores improved from the 23rd percentile to the 62nd percentile in pre- to post-implementation of curriculum (p neuroscience curriculum for a residency committed to humanistic psychiatry

  16. Humanistic Education: Theory and Teaching Strategies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, Elizabeth C.

    1983-01-01

    Discusses the need for appropriate emotions in professional nursing practice within an explanation for humanistic education, presenting Kohlberg's moral development theory. Explains a case study method that helps in achieving moral, emotional development. (JOW)

  17. Humanistic psychology and contextual behavioral perspectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayes, Steven C

    2012-12-01

    Humanistic psychology historically defined itself in part by its opposition to behavioral psychology, but the conditions now exist for a fundamental reconsideration of the relationship between these two traditions. Behavioral psychology includes contextualistic variants and is no longer limited to principles drawn from animal learning. Behavioral and cognitive therapies commonly address humanistic topics and have developed process accounts that cast new light on them. In that context, a reconsideration of this relationship could prove to be beneficial for both traditions.

  18. Gaming between Humanistic Anxiety and Sport High Technology--The Development of Sport High Technology Based on Humanistic Evaluation%人文忧思与体育高技术的博弈--基于人文评价视角的体育高技术发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙欣荣

    2013-01-01

    By means of literature review, The author analyzes the trend that humanistic evaluation to high technology has become a important factor of influencing the future of high technology, And attempts to assess the development of Sport high technology in the future. The author concludes that, Without humanistic evaluation, sport will be out of control like a untamed horse and loses its inherent value. Meanwhile, Excessive humanistic anxiety which leads to pessimism toward sport technology and the loss of sport 's vigor, Is not acceptable as well. Positive humanistic anxiety can be transformed into positive humanistic care and power to promote human sport development. The author suggests that sport high-tech should adapt to the social environment, Conform to humanistic environment and create harmonious environment. Sport high technology and humanistic evaluation should combine“birth”with“cultivation”,“talent”with“virtue”, and“criticism”with“appraise”.%采用文献资料等方法,对高技术的人文评价成为影响高技术未来走向进行分析,意欲为我国未来体育高技术的发展进行定位。主要结论:对体育高技术全然没有人文反思是不可取的,那样就会使体育成为脱缰的野马,失去了体育本有的价值,同样,对体育高技术的过度的人文忧思也是不可取的,那样就会走向体育技术的悲观主义,失去了体育的活力。积极的人文忧思,可以转化为一种积极的人文关怀,转化为人类体育运动发展的动力。建议:体育高技术应当是:适应社会环境、符合人文环境、创造和谐环境。体育高技术与人文评价应当是:“生”与“养”的融合、“才”与“德”的融合、“批”与“赞”的融合。

  19. In defence of a humanistic approach to mental health care: recovery processes investigated with the help of clients' narratives on turning points and processes of gradual change.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kogstad, R E; Ekeland, T-J; Hummelvoll, J K

    2011-08-01

    Several studies in recent years have shown that recovery factors as experienced by clients are not always compatible with professional approaches. For example, clients often emphasize the importance of relationships and the satisfaction of universal human needs. The aim of the study has been to explore clients' descriptions of beneficial factors and to discuss the implications of those factors for the delivery of mental health services. Method has been qualitative content analysis of 347 user narratives. The study confirms findings in earlier recovery studies, but also demonstrates that the investigation of clients' stories leads to a range of existential dilemmas. Fundamental beliefs about what constitutes effective and necessary treatment are challenged. Recovery is a fundamentally personal process that involves finding a new sense of self and feeling of hope. Furthermore, it is not only an internal process; it also requires external conditions that facilitate a positive culture of healing.

  20. Humanister på bestilling?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sarauw, Laura Louise

    traditionelle jobs, og hvordan denne viden forholder sig til de politiske idealer om accountability. Som yderligere materiale henvises til de danske universiteters omfattende, kvantitative undersøgelse af humanisternes veje til arbejdsmarkedet 2002-2007 (http://hdl.handle.net/1800/3016).......Diskursen om humanisternes rolle i videnssamfundet abonnerer typisk på en polær retorik om 'politisk pres', 'krise' og 'værdikamp'. Med god grund anråbes en strukturel spænding mellem good old Humboldts non-instrumentelle vidensparadigme og de herskende politiske ideer om accountability, der...... upræcis. Blandt andet fordi humanisterne faktisk aldrig har stået stærkere på arbejdsmarkedet, hvor de i stigende omfang indtager en række helt nye jobtyper, der kan tilskrives globaliseringen. I Danmark gælder det fx, at mere end 50 procent af de nyuddannede humanister i dag får job i den private sektor...

  1. Evaluation on application effects of medical students′practical base website for humanistic quality ;education%医学生人文素质教育实践基地网站的应用效果评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔宇婷; 翟惠敏; 颜海萍; 张禹念

    2016-01-01

    .13±0.57)分,自主的网络学习可以加强对网络资源的应用(4.06±0.59)分,通过网站学习掌握了不同情境下的沟通技巧(4.05±0.58)分。结论医学生对人文素质教育实践基地网站认同度较高,网站学习功能强大,能激发医学生学习的积极主动性。通过网络学习,医学生的人文知识成绩和人文关怀能力得到一定程度的提高。但网站目前还处于发展阶段,需进一步制订完整的评价指标体系对网站各方面的应用效果进行后续研究。%Objective To evaluate medical students′ achievements of studying through the practical base website for humanistic quality education. Methods Totally 61 students from school of nursing and 135 students from the first clinical medical college of Southern Medical University in Guangzhou were organized as volunteers. They were divided into the intervention group and the control group (98 people per group) in completely random method by the Random Number Generators of SPSS 20.0. With a two-month experiment, the humanistic knowledge scores and humanistic caring ability scores of these two groups were investigated by the Humanistic Knowledge Test Paper and the Caring Ability Inventory. And the learning effects of the website by the intervention group was evaluated with the self-designed questionnaire. Results There was no significant difference (P>0.05) between students in the intervention group and the control group when it came to general information. Before the experiment, the score of humanistic knowledge test paper, the total score of caring ability inventory, the score in the dimension of cognition, patience, and courage of the intervention group were 6.29 ± 0.58, 172.40 ± 10.00, 58.98 ± 4.22, 51.56 ± 5.22, 61.86 ± 6.40, the scores of the control group were 6.36 ± 0.63, 172.65 ± 13.49, 59.31 ± 4.05, 50.83 ± 6.56, 62.52 ± 7.28, there were no significant differences between the two groups (all P>0.05). After

  2. SOCIAL COMPETENCE FORMATION AMONG TEENAGERS FROM HUMANIST TREND MULTIPLE-AGED GROUPS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Larisa A. Krapivina

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper studies the problems of social development of adolescents in multiple-aged groups (MAG.Methods. The methods involve socio-personal approach, consideration of the subject in a certain ideological humanistic orientation, comparative analysis, and comparison of historical facts, the study of social phenomena of different ages, long-term scientific observations, reflections, a retrospective analysis of personal experience.Results. The author describes objective conditions for the uprise of extremist, subcultural youth of multiple-aged groups, and the reasons whence they begin to perform distinctive functions that are specific for teenagers. Options for models of MAG humanistic educational systems formed in Russian and foreign social and pedagogical practice are listed. A complex of pedagogical conditions provided for the formation of social competence of adolescents in multiple-aged associations of humanistic orientation is considered. It has been found that this type of system is characterized by the following features: the principle of voluntary association of people, independence of subjects, rapid adaptation to changing socio-cultural situation, a variety of activities by interests, alternating change of activities, conflict resolution within the team, a high level of team spirit, selfmanagement, the creative nature of educational process, upbringing, socialization and self-realization. A brief description of conditions for development of fundamental human values among adolescents and formation of new specific complicated humanistic human and personal relations in global world is given.Scientific novelty. The author studies the following concepts: educational system of multiple-aged associations, teenager social competence, ambivalent behavior, emotional and moral compass of personality, invisible assets of the team, emergent effect of multiple-aged groups, inter-age communication. It was found that the specificity of MAG educational

  3. Humanistic Psychology: Theoretical-Philosophical Overview and Principles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamachek, Don E.

    1982-01-01

    Provides a theoretical and philosophical overview of humanistic psychology which emphasizes self-concept, self-fulfillment, and self-realization. Discusses the contributions of phenomenology, existential psychology, and the strengths of humanistic psychology. (JAC)

  4. The Humanistic Movement in Psychology and Education: Some Reservations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Humphreys, Lloyd G.

    1971-01-01

    Compares the holistic humanist view of education with the analytic scientific viewpoint, considers their implications for guiding research and instruction, and concludes that the humanist makes some assumptions that are patently invalid." (AL)

  5. Are humanistic and positive psychology really incommensurate?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedman, Harris

    2014-01-01

    Comments on the article "The humanistic psychology-positive psychology divide: Contrasts in philosophical foundations" by Waterman (see record 2013-12501-001). Waterman has provided some broad-brush generalizations about differences between humanistic psychology and positive psychology, many of which do not hold in all cases, and he has pointed out some difficulties that would be involved in reconciling them. However, he has not presented any convincing argument that the two are irreconcilable. Essentially, Waterman has confounded difficulties with impossibilities by concluding these are incommensurate.

  6. Transaction based approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunka, Frantisek; Matula, Jiri

    2017-07-01

    Transaction based approach is utilized in some methodologies in business process modeling. Essential parts of these transactions are human beings. The notion of agent or actor role is usually used for them. The paper on a particular example describes possibilities of Design Engineering Methodology for Organizations (DEMO) and Resource-Event-Agent (REA) methodology. Whereas the DEMO methodology can be regarded as a generic methodology having its foundation in the theory of Enterprise Ontology the REA methodology is regarded as the domain specific methodology and has its origin in accountancy systems. The results of these approaches is that the DEMO methodology captures everything that happens in the reality with a good empirical evidence whereas the REA methodology captures only changes connected with economic events. Economic events represent either change of the property rights to economic resource or consumption or production of economic resources. This results from the essence of economic events and their connection to economic resources.

  7. Teaching Reform and Practice of Nursing Specialty Courses Based on Cultivation of Humanistic Caring Ability%以人文关怀能力培养为本位的护理专业课教学改革与实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾娟娟; 汪洪杰; 黄弋冰

    2013-01-01

    目的探讨以人文关怀能力培养为本位的护理专业课教学改革的效果。方法采用随机整群抽样,从某校二年级专科护生中抽取8个班作为研究对象,按随机数字表法分为观察组和对照组。对照组在护理专业课教学中遵循传统教学,观察组以人文关怀能力培养为本位对护理专业课的教学内容、教学方法及考核方式进行改革。临床实习中期分别对两组学生及其临床带教老师应用护生人文关怀能力量表和自行设计的调查问卷进行调查,评价实施效果。结果学期结束后护生自评及临床带教老师评价均显示观察组人文关怀能力高于对照组(P<0.05)。结论以人文关怀能力培养为本位的护理专业课教学改革有助于提高护生的人文关怀能力。%Objective To evaluate the effect of teaching reform of nursing specialty courses based on the cultivation of humanistic caring ability. Methods By cluster sampling, eight classes of sophomore nursing students were randomly divided into control group and experiment group. Traditional teaching method was applied in control group while in experiment group, based on the cultivation of humanistic caring ability, a new teaching method including reformed teaching content, teaching method and evaluation mode was used. In mid-term of clinical practice, nursing student humanistic caring ability scale and a self-designed questionnaire were used to evaluate the effect. Results Both nursing students’ self-evaluation and the evaluation on clinical teachers showed students in experiment group presented higher humanistic caring ability (P<0.05). Conclusion Nursing specialty courses based on the cultivation of humanistic caring ability help to enhance nursing students ’ humanistic caring ability.

  8. Toward a humanistic model in health communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Werder, Olaf

    2017-03-01

    Since the key to effective health communication lies in its ability to communicate well, some of its core problems are those that relate to the sharing of meaning between communicators. In elaborating on these problems, this paper offers two key propositions: one, health communication has to pass through the filter of a particular world view that creates a discrepancy between expected and actual message reception and response. Two, the assumption of a rational human actor made implicitly by most health psychological models is a contestable issue, as many times message recipients do not follow a cognitive judgment process. The phenomenon of resisting health messages by reasonable people asks the question whether we ought to rethink our adherence to a particular vision of human health as many times the adverse reaction to behaviour modification occurs as the result of a particular dialogical or discursive situation. At the same time, most motivational decisions in people's daily routines are automatic and use a concept known as self-identity to give stability to their behaviour patterns. Finally, health communication as part of organised government practices adheres to predominant value perspectives within health promotion practice that affect the manner in which health issues become problematised. This paper proposes a humanistic model that aims to pay attention to the intricacies of human communication by addressing all of the above problems in turn. It interprets the sharing of meaning element in human communication and addresses the question of how the idea of health is created through discourse. As such, it offers a complementary and constructive paradigm and set of approaches to understand health, its meanings and communication.

  9. Humanistic Education and Self-Actualization Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farmer, Rod

    1984-01-01

    Stresses the need for theoretical justification for the development of humanistic education programs in today's schools. Explores Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs and theory of self-actualization. Argues that Maslow's theory may be the best available for educators concerned with educating the whole child. (JHZ)

  10. "Humanistic Bildung": Regulative Idea or Empty Concept?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reichenbach, Roland

    2014-01-01

    The article focuses on the notion and humanistic ideal of self-cultivation and self-transformation, for which the term "Bildung" is/was traditionally used in German educational thought. It is argued that the idea of "Bildung", understood as human development and end-in-itself, is not a German exclusivity. However, to understand…

  11. Humanistic Education and Self-Actualization Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farmer, Rod

    1984-01-01

    Stresses the need for theoretical justification for the development of humanistic education programs in today's schools. Explores Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs and theory of self-actualization. Argues that Maslow's theory may be the best available for educators concerned with educating the whole child. (JHZ)

  12. The Foreign Language Teacher--A "Humanist?"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herron, Carol

    1983-01-01

    Discusses the term "humanism" as regularly understood within the context of a liberal arts education and as the contemporary foreign language teaching platform. Gives the roots of current humanistic principles and techniques and examines some ramifications of adopting personality development as one of the goals of foreign language programs. (EKN)

  13. A análise dos impactos socioeconômicos na estruturação do EIA/RIMA: a importância da Abordagem Humanista para a Sustentabilidade The analysis of socio-economic impacts on the structure of EIA / RIMA: the importance of humanist approach to sustainability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leandro Carlos Dias Conde

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available DOI: 10.5902/198346597686O presente trabalho trata da defesa da abordagem humanista na estruturação da análise de Impacto Ambiental (EIA e do seu Relatório de Impacto Ambiental (RIMA, no que concerne aos impactos socioeconômicos abordados, por compreender que a abordagem convencional não dá conta das demandas sociais, pois somente esta nova abordagem dará, de fato, o caráter sustentável da EIA/RIMA. The present work deals with the defense of the humanistic approach in structuring the analysis of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA and its Environmental Impact Report (RIMA in relation to socioeconomic impacts addressed to realize that the conventional approach does not account social demands, as only this new approach will in fact the sustainable nature of the EIA / RIMA.

  14. CONTRADICTION BETWEEN TECHNOCRATIC AND HUMANISTIC SYSTEMS OF VALUES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. I. Kazakevich

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. The purpose of the paper is determination of difference between technocratic and humanistic value systems. The authors also suggest to outline the range of issues specific to modern technological civilization, reflect its controdictory nature, as well as to focus on the university activity fields concerning formation and/or restoration of technocratic and humanitarian balance. Methodology. The most important methodological principle of the work is a systematic approach. It has determined logic of description and conclusion. During the study authors analyzed separate aspects of social development of the late 20th – early 21st centuries, as well as content analysis of the global information flow (documentary and non-documentary on this topic and their own observations, obtained during the implementation of long-term educational and scientific practices at the university. It is, for example, drawing up a comparative table of technocratic and humanistic value systems. The authors have conducted a comparative analysis of 2 Sociological Research data (2009 and 2013 years among university youth of Dnipropetrovsk "Modern Library by Students′ Eyes" and trending concerning the issues about the role of reading in the students lives. Findings. The difference between the technocratic and humanistic value systems was determined. Contemporary problems of the personal intellectual development in the process of education and training in technical universities during the dominance of technocratic value systems were outlined. Attention is focused on the university directions on formation and / or restoration of technocratic and humanitarian balance. Originality. The authors have analyzed and outlined a range of issues specific to contemporary industrial civilization, its controversial nature was reflected. Rebalancing of the technocratic and humanitarian is one of the major tasks in our time. The directions of universities activities were determined

  15. Smart Textiles in Humanistic Hospital Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mogensen, Jeppe Emil; Fisker, Anna Marie; Poulsen, Søren Bolvig

    2013-01-01

    in Future Hospitals”, stating the overall hypothesis that textiles in hospital interiors possess an unexploited architectural potential in relation to the humanistic visions of healing architecture. Concerned with the operational challenge of unfolding the visionary design principle, we suggest to re......With the construction of new hospitals, the design principle healing architecture is introduced, representing the humanistic vision of improving hospitalised patients’ healing process, supported by stimulating architecture. In this regard, we address focus on the potential influence of the design...... principle, discussing how healing architecture may contribute in making the future hospital institutions more responsive to human needs. The main purpose of this paper is thus to present a review of healing architecture, by considering some of the challenges in the operational use of the design principle...

  16. [The humanistic partnership model in health care].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lecocq, Dan; Lefebvre, Hélène; Néron, André; Van Cutsem, Chantal; Bustillo, Aurélia; Laloux, Martine

    2017-06-01

    The humanistic partnership model in health care has been jointly developed by nursing professionals and partner patients. In line with the evolution of our society and nursing thinking, it provides a new implementation of the discipline's core concepts and invites professionals and partner patients to "move together towards" a co-constructed future which is recorded in the patient's life project. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  17. Concepts of humanistic theory in obstetric care

    OpenAIRE

    Isolda Pereira da Silveira; Ana Fátima Carvalho Fernandes

    2012-01-01

    This study reflects the concepts of Paterson’s and Zderad’s humanistic theory, applied to daily nursing care during labor and childbirth. The objective of the study is to understand the importance of their application to attendant care. We take into account that the application of such concepts in obstetric nursing provides to the nurse and the expectant mother interaction and also a sense of being properly cared on behalf of the patient.

  18. Humanistic versus Authoritarian Teachers: A Reflection on Students' Academic Motivation and Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sultan, Sarwat; Hussain, Irshad

    2012-01-01

    This prospective study using self-determination theory was conducted to predict the students' motivation and academic performance based on their perceived teachers' humanistic vs. authoritarian orientations in the classrooms. The sample consisted of 300 students aged 14-18 years taken from different schools of Multan. The Pupil Control Behavior…

  19. Novels, Thought Experiments, and Humanist Sociology in the Classroom: Mari Sandoz and CAPITAL CITY.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, Michael R.

    1987-01-01

    Based upon the teaching of Mari Sandoz' allegorical novel, CAPITAL CITY, this article identifies the characteristics of novels which provide a sociologically useful humanist perspective. A key characteristic is the extent to which the novel conducts thought experiments, defined as cerebral exercises which explore alternative social futures based…

  20. Humanity and all-humanistic values in conditions and prospect of globalization of cultural and historical process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suhina I. G.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available For studying the phenomenon of a humanity as the universal cultural tradition that sublimates culture-creation qualities of the human person and verifies optimum anthropological structure of culture, the axiological approach directed to allocation, accentuation and analysis of valuable and semantic contents and meaning of humanity in conditions and prospects of modern process of globalization is used. Globalization is considered in the context of formation of the world cultural space - oykumena connected with modern cultural and historical process in the conditions of scientific and technical progress and positioning in it universal values or valuable universals of common to all mankind meta-cultures. As an axiological strategy of globalization cultural and historical process, the doctrine of new humanity, which is put forward and propagandized by the international public organization the Roman club, proved as the universal cultural and anthropological project adequate to formation of universal meta-culture and its humanistic values is analyzed. The biofilic axiological doctrine of new humanity, which is based on the backbone valuable principle of love to life and optimism and assuming an affirmation of unconditional value of life as cultural humanistic value at the level of a global outlook of modern era, is offered. European (Faustian humanism is analyzed in the context of identification of valuable and anthropological sources of globalization and global problems of the present that connected with the western culture, civilization, and westernization process. The comparative analysis of valuable and world outlook dominants of the European and new or global humanity is performed.

  1. Getting personal: can systems medicine integrate scientific and humanistic conceptions of the patient?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vogt, Henrik; Ulvestad, Elling; Eriksen, Thor Eirik; Getz, Linn

    2014-12-01

    The practicing doctor, and most obviously the primary care clinician who encounters the full complexity of patients, faces several fundamental but intrinsically related theoretical and practical challenges - strongly actualized by so-called medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) and multi-morbidity. Systems medicine, which is the emerging application of systems biology to medicine and a merger of molecular biomedicine, systems theory and mathematical modelling, has recently been proposed as a primary care-centered strategy for medicine that promises to meet these challenges. Significantly, it has been proposed to do so in a way that at first glance may seem compatible with humanistic medicine. More specifically, it is promoted as an integrative, holistic, personalized and patient-centered approach. In this article, we ask whether and to what extent systems medicine can provide a comprehensive conceptual account of and approach to the patient and the root causes of health problems that can be reconciled with the concept of the patient as a person, which is an essential theoretical element in humanistic medicine. We answer this question through a comparative analysis of the theories of primary care doctor Eric Cassell and systems biologist Denis Noble. We argue that, although systems biological concepts, notably Noble's theory of biological relativity and downward causation, are highly relevant for understanding human beings and health problems, they are nevertheless insufficient in fully bridging the gap to humanistic medicine. Systems biologists are currently unable to conceptualize living wholes, and seem unable to account for meaning, value and symbolic interaction, which are central concepts in humanistic medicine, as constraints on human health. Accordingly, systems medicine as currently envisioned cannot be said to be integrative, holistic, personalized or patient-centered in a humanistic medical sense. © 2014 The Authors. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical

  2. Fostering Intrinsic Motivation in Children: A Humanistic Counseling Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watts, Randolph H., Jr.; Cashwell, Craig S.; Schweiger, Wendi K.

    2004-01-01

    Humanistic counselors working with children seek to help them grow and develop the motivation needed to make decisions and changes in their lives. Intrinsic motivation, an important component of humanistic counseling, is defined and explicated, research is reviewed, and suggestions are made for counselors who seek to foster intrinsic motivation in…

  3. Humanists and Electronic Information Services: Acceptance and Resistance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lehmann, Stephen; Renfro, Patricia

    1991-01-01

    Discussion of how scholars work and how they use information focuses on a case study of the use of new electronic resources by humanist scholars. Interviews with humanists at the University of Pennsylvania about their experiences with the RLIN (Research Libraries Information Network) database are discussed, including content, connectivity, user…

  4. Constructing the Discipline of Humanistic Medicine on Mainland China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Baisheng; Liu, Hong

    2014-01-01

    Humanistic medicine, as an interdisciplinary science, synthesizes knowledge concerning medical philosophy, medical ethics, medical law, medical history, medical sociology, medical logic, and doctor-patient communication. On Mainland China, increasing attention is being paid to humanistic medicine, as evidenced by doctoral education programs being…

  5. Humanistic Traditions, East and West: Convergence and Divergence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kato, Morimichi

    2016-01-01

    The term "humanism" is Western in origin. It denotes the tradition that places special emphasis on cultivation of letters for education. In the West, this tradition was originated with sophists and Isocrates, established by Cicero, and was developed by Renaissance humanists. East Asia, however, also has its own humanistic traditions with…

  6. Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy Has a Humanistic Orientation-Definitely.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woods, Paul J.

    1996-01-01

    Challenges criticisms that rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT) is not humanistic. Responds to misconceptions regarding the term "rational" and concludes that, although REBT is closely identified with secular humanism, REBT can also be seen as a set of analytical and therapeutic skills that religious humanists can use. (RJM)

  7. Enhancing Teachers' Motivation to Apply Humanist Information Technology Innovations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Assor, Avi

    2009-01-01

    This article focuses on the following issue: How can we build a training and support system that would enhance the motivation and capacity of teachers for high-quality implementation of information technology innovations guided by humanist ideas? That is, a system that would not only increase teachers' motivation to apply Humanist Information…

  8. Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy Has a Humanistic Orientation-Definitely.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woods, Paul J.

    1996-01-01

    Challenges criticisms that rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT) is not humanistic. Responds to misconceptions regarding the term "rational" and concludes that, although REBT is closely identified with secular humanism, REBT can also be seen as a set of analytical and therapeutic skills that religious humanists can use. (RJM)

  9. Professionalism for future humanistic doctors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SEDIGHEH EBRAHIMI

    2013-07-01

    of professional roles and responsibilities for students (6- 8. Considering the important role of patients in contributing to the educational process and the benefits that exposure to patients will have for the students, it is important to note that medical schools bear the responsibility of training their students in a framework to approach these experiences in a professional way. It is necessary that medical training programs begin to provide adequate and formalised preparation for ethical challenges of working in clinical settings. While a large bulk of feedback from patients showed generally positive attitude toward medical student participation, there may still be the risk of adverse effect on the clinical teaching environment. Thus, patients should be adequately informed and permission should be obtained for medical students’ involvement. Previous studies have indicated that medical students often face ethical dilemmas concerning patient-care. A study conducted by Walters et al. (2003 reported some therapeutic benefits, for patients with common mental disorders contributing in undergraduate teaching in general practice .The study revealed that there were high levels of patient satisfaction; however, a small number of patients reported that they found the encounter distressing (9. Teaching hospitals need to become a safe and sacred place of respect for human rights and dignity (10. There are numerous ethical dilemmas to the patient involvement in medical education that may have unintended consequences such as loss of privacy and missing the patient’s emotional and personal responses. An ethically sensitive organization often faces the probe of having to balance between duty of training the students well and duty of doing the best care for the patients. The main point of this ethical dilemma is beneficence to the students versus nonmalfeasance (harm to patients. Ethical sensitivity can be promoted by development of ethical guidelines proposed for patient

  10. Developing teachers' social and emotional competence: a humanistic psychology perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Palomero Fernández

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available The social and emotional competences of teachers have a notable influence on the type of teaching that is carried out and on the type of relationships that are built in the classroom. Training teachers in personal aspects is a current urging need. Since the end of the last century there have a great deal of enriching research, courses and publications on teachers' emotional and social intelligence. From the point of view of training, this article presents some limitations of certain emerging proposals. Next, an alternative is proposed, based on the principles of humanistic psychology and promoting the development of five attitudes directly related to the teacher's emotional and social competence: phenomenological disposition, autonomy, responsibility, criteria independence and cooperative disposition. Finally, some the possible shortcomings and negative aspects of the proposed model are discussed, highlighting the need to further investigate the efficiency and relevance of training proposals such as the one presented here in order to increase their social impact.

  11. SOCIAL COMPETENCE FORMATION AMONG TEENAGERS FROM HUMANIST TREND MULTIPLE-AGED GROUPS

    OpenAIRE

    Larisa A. Krapivina

    2015-01-01

    The paper studies the problems of social development of adolescents in multiple-aged groups (MAG).Methods. The methods involve socio-personal approach, consideration of the subject in a certain ideological humanistic orientation, comparative analysis, and comparison of historical facts, the study of social phenomena of different ages, long-term scientific observations, reflections, a retrospective analysis of personal experience.Results. The author describes objective conditions for the upris...

  12. Qi Gong exercises and Feldenkrais method from the perspective of Gestalt concept and humanistic psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Posadzki, Paul; Stöckl, Andrea; Mucha, Dariusz

    2010-07-01

    This study describes two similar approaches to human movement: Qi Gong exercises and the Feldenkrais method. These systems are investigated in terms of Gestalt concepts and humanistic psychology. Moshe Feldenkrais created the concept known as Awareness Through Movement. This concept assumes that by becoming more aware of one's movements, one functions at a higher level. In similar ways to those using the Feldenkrais method, individuals may become more aware of their own movements by performing Qi Gong exercises: A therapeutic modality that facilitates mind-body integration. Qi Gong exercises commonly lead to increased personal awareness accompained by enhanced quality, fluency and smoothness of movement. These two methods of movement therapies are explored in terms of their relations with Gestalt concept and humanistic psychology. (c) 2008. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. A grounded theory of humanistic nursing in acute care work environments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khademi, Mojgan; Mohammadi, Eesa; Vanaki, Zohreh

    2016-03-23

    Humanistic nursing practice which is dominated by technological advancement, outcome measurement, reduced resources, and staff shortages is challenging in the present work environment. To examine the main concern in humanistic nursing area and how the way it is solved and resolved by Iranian nurses in acute care setting. Data were collected from interviews and observations in 2009-2011 and analyzed using classic grounded theory. Memos were written during the analysis, and they were sorted once theoretical saturation occurred. In total, 22 nurses, 18 patients, and 12 families from two teaching hospitals in Tehran were selected by purposeful and theoretical sampling. The research was approved by the Ethics Committee of the university and hospitals. The main concern for the nurses is the violation of their rights. They overcome this concern when there is a synergy of situation-education/learning, that is, a positive interaction between education and learning of values and sensitivity of the situation or existence of care promotion elements. They turn to professional values and seeking and meeting others' needs, resulting in "success and accomplishment" of nurse/nursing manager and patient/family. This theory shows that professional values, elements of care promotion, and sensitivity of the situation have a key role in activation of humanistic approach in nursing. Violation of the nurses' professional rights often leads to a decrease in care, but these factors make the nurses practice in an unsparing response approach. It is necessary to focus on development of professional values and provide essential elements of care promotion as changeable factors for realization of humanistic nursing although there is a context in which the nurses' rights are violated. © The Author(s) 2016.

  14. The Humanist Bias in Western Philosophy and Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peters, Michael A.

    2015-01-01

    This paper argues that the bias in Western philosophy is tied to its humanist ideology that pictures itself as central to the natural history of humanity and is historically linked to the emergence of humanism as pedagogy.

  15. The Implementation of Smart Textiles in Humanistic Hospital Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mogensen, Jeppe; Fisker, Anna Marie

    2012-01-01

    With the construction of new modern hospitals, the humanistic design principle of healing architecture is introduced to create health promoting synergies representing the vision of improving hospitalised patients’ healing process, supported by enriching design solutions...

  16. NAS Survey: A Push for Physics as a Humanistic Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Science News, 1972

    1972-01-01

    The emphasis of the humanistic aspects of physics and the need to make physics understandable to the public are viewed as important in reestablishing public and political support for scientific research. (CP)

  17. Digital Storytelling: Bringing Humanistic Inquiry to Management Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nesteruk, Jeffrey

    2015-01-01

    This essay recounts how a teaching experiment with digital storytelling unexpectedly revealed how this humanistic genre enabled by contemporary technology might contribute to a more creative integration of business study with the liberal arts.

  18. Renaissance Humanists:Defenders of Medieval Christian worldview

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘玥婷

    2006-01-01

    The Renaissance is a new golden age of intellectual achievement with a sharp contrast with the Middle Ages.Though new secular and scientific values begin to supplant traditional religious belief,there exists the continuity between the Middle Ages and the Renaissance,and humanists bear strong Christian character.They never change their devotion to Christianity and keep making their effort to maintain the primacy of Jesus.Humanists in Renaissance are defenders of medieval Christian view of the world.

  19. The Implementation of Smart Textiles in Humanistic Hospital Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mogensen, Jeppe; Fisker, Anna Marie

    2012-01-01

    With the construction of new modern hospitals, the humanistic design principle of healing architecture is introduced to create health promoting synergies representing the vision of improving hospitalised patients’ healing process, supported by enriching design solutions......With the construction of new modern hospitals, the humanistic design principle of healing architecture is introduced to create health promoting synergies representing the vision of improving hospitalised patients’ healing process, supported by enriching design solutions...

  20. Study on the Cultivation of Employment Ability of Higher Vocational College Students Based on the Perspective of Humanistic Education%基于人文教育视角的高职生就业能力培养研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卫嵘

    2015-01-01

    Employment ability is a dynamic and developing concept. It is a kind of comprehensive ability related to careers including extravert capability and implicit quality. Implicit quality which plays a key role in employment ability includes some internal, deep and stable psychological characteristics, such as values, self-orientation, driving force and personality traits,and so on. Implicit quali⁃ty is closely linked with humanistic education which is the foundation and key to promoting employment ability of higher vocational college students. A good humanistic education can improve employment rate and employment quality. It can play a promoting role in constructing the modern vocational education system fundamentally.%就业能力是动态的、发展的概念,是与职业相关的综合能力,包括外显能力与内隐素质。内隐素质包括价值观、自我定位、驱动力和人格特质等内在深层稳定的心理特征,对就业能力起着关键的影响作用。内隐素质与人文教育息息相关,人文教育是提升高职生就业能力的基础和关键,进行良好的人文教育可以提高就业率、就业质量,可以对从根本上构建现代职业教育体系起着良好的推动作用。

  1. Pupils Humanistic Qualities Cultivating Based on Reading and Teaching of Children′s Literature%基于儿童文学阅读教学的小学生人文素养培养

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程雯; 程瑞

    2015-01-01

    For the implementation of"rule system"in children′s literature humanistic qualities,it pointed out that must comply with the development regular of children′s cognitive psychology.The specific strategies were as follows,combining to interactive between home and school,creating reading environment;cultivating reading habits,feeling reading pleasure;strengthening the guideness of methods,building reading system;highlighting teaching characteristics,combining in class with out of class;subliming"facts judgment",understanding human feelings.The practical results of M and N school confirmed that reading and teaching of children′s literature is an effective way to cultivate pupil humanistic qualities.%针对儿童文学人文素养中“规则体系”的实施,指出其必须符合儿童认知心理发展规律。具体策略是:家校联合互动、营造阅读氛围;培养阅读习惯、感受阅读快乐;加强方法指导、构建阅读体系;凸显教学特色、课堂内外结合;升华“事实判断”、感悟人文情怀。 M、N校的实践结果印证了儿童文学阅读教学是培养小学生人文素养的有效途径。

  2. Development and Psychometric Testing of the Humanistic Nurse-Patient Scale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boscart, Veronique M; Pringle, Dorothy; Peter, Elizabeth; Wynn, Francine; McGilton, Katherine S

    2016-03-01

    Quality of life and well-being of older patients in chronic care facilities is often determined by their relationships with nurses. The authors developed and tested a scale to assess patients' views of what matters most when relating to nurses. Based on the humanistic nursing theory by Paterson and Zderad (1988), 69 items were created and tested with a sample of 40 patients, resulting in refinement of a scale with 24 items. This scale was factor analysed on responses from 249 patients residing in five facilities in Ontario, Canada. The Humanistic Relationship Importance Scale demonstrated strong internal consistency, stability, and reliability with a five-factor solution (α = .87). Construct validity was supported through factual identification. This scale is a valid measure of patients' perspectives of a nurse-patient relationship in chronic care and can be used to measure health professionals' relationships with their older patients and evaluate interventions to enhance relational care.

  3. DIGITAL HUMANISTIC PEDAGOGY: RELEVANT PROBLEMS OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH IN THE FIELD OF USING ICT IN EDUCATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valeriy Yu. Bykov

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available In the article theoretical and methodological principles of digital humanistic pedagogy – the science about the laws of creating a positive integrated educational reality as a result of the convergence of physical and virtual (created using ICT training spaces (environments are determined. Based on the use of modern ICT learning activity (formal, nonformal and informal is at the intersection of two worlds: the real and the virtual. Methodology and research methods of classical pedagogy require review and improvement in the context of current realities of the educational process, needs and interests of all its subjects. The development of digital humanities in the international educational space is analyzed; the content of the new field of pedagogical knowledge as part of digital humanistic is outlined; research methods and directions of current scientific research are defined.

  4. 以问题为基础学习教学中应用人本主义心理学理论和技巧的探讨%Discussion about using the theory and skill of humanistic psychology in problem-based learning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙婷婷; 张涵; 郭淑英

    2009-01-01

    Problem-based learning(PBL)had been concemed in recent years.In this article the theory of humanistic psychology and its didactics were elaborated and used to explain the connotation of PBL.Thereby it was pointed that PBL could be perfected by the psychology counseling skills and the method of group counseling.%近年来,以问题为基础学习教学成为医学教育研究的重点.本文阐述了人本主义心理学的理论和教学观,并以此来理解以问题为基础学习的内涵,进而提出可以用心理咨询中的技巧和团体咨询的方法来完善以问题为基础学习课程.

  5. Form-based Approaches vs. Task-Based Approaches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zahra Talebi

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed at investigating whether task-based approaches bear any superiority to that of more traditional ones evident in presentation-practice- and production phase .to fulfill the purpose of the study, the participants within the age range of 11-19, took part in the study. Following a pretest, treatment, and a posttest, the obtained data was analyzed using analysis of covariance (ANCOVA to examine the effects of the variables. The results of the analysis showed that participants in the PPP group did significantly better in the grammar recognition of the posttest than that of the task group. However, their counterparts in the task group gained better scores in the writing section of the test .this research study provided evidence in support of task proponents' claim in the merit of task-based activity in raising learners' implicit knowledge claiming to play the primary role in spontaneous speech.Keywords: Task-based language teaching, PPP model, focus on form, focus on meaning

  6. On Cultivating Humanistic Spirit of Medical Students Based on 3R Theory of Animal Experiments%基于动物实验3R 理论培养医学生人文精神

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭连英; 李骢; 贾玉杰; 邢嵘; 郭建华; 张彩华

    2015-01-01

    实验动物是科研的重要生物资源,为科学实验提供了可靠的保障。然而随着医学的发展,医学动物实验所引发的伦理冲突越来越多。通过各种类型的宣传活动及开设选修课在医学生中普及以3R理论(减少、替代和优化)为核心的生命伦理观,并在专业课授课过程中渗透该理论是培养医学人文精神的重要方式。同时,在动物实验教学中贯彻并坚持3R理论,让学生学会用3R理论,设计并执行实验,是解决动物实验与伦理道德矛盾,实现医学科学精神与人文精神相统一的重要方式。%Experimental animals are important biological resources in scientific research ensuring its reliability and validity . However ,with the development of medicine ,there are an increasing number of ethical conflicts arising from animal experiments . This paper discussed an effective way to cultivate medical students humanistic spirits was to perform a variety of promotional activities and open elective courses to popularize 3R theory (reduction ,replacement and refinement) which should be taken as the core of the life view .Meanwhile ,we should permeate the theory in the teaching process ,teach students to design and perform the experiments in compliance with 3R theory .This will be an important way of solving the controversial ethics issues of animal experiments and realizing the uniform between the medical scientific values and humanistic spirits .

  7. 基于工学结合的高职学生人文素质教育培养研究%Research on the Humanistic Quality Education Based on Work-study Integrated in HVCs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李春艳

    2012-01-01

    China's higher vocational education has already been featured with market-oriented way and oriented to cultivate high-quality and skilled personnel with innovative spirit and ability,but lacked for awareness of humanistic education resulting in the fact that the modern higher vocational education could only train manpower or labors,as well as professional workers serving in certain fields,while neglecting essential education of "human nature pursuit".%我国的高等职业教育已走向与市场化相结合的道路,培养具有创新精神和创新能力的高素质技能型人才是社会对高职人才的要求,但人们对高职院校所欠缺的人文教育却思考甚少,以致出现职业教育只能培养人力或劳动力,培养服务于某些目的专业工人,而忽视了"人之为人"的本质追求。

  8. Ontology Partitioning: Clustering Based Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soraya Setti Ahmed

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The semantic web goal is to share and integrate data across different domains and organizations. The knowledge representations of semantic data are made possible by ontology. As the usage of semantic web increases, construction of the semantic web ontologies is also increased. Moreover, due to the monolithic nature of the ontology various semantic web operations like query answering, data sharing, data matching, data reuse and data integration become more complicated as the size of ontology increases. Partitioning the ontology is the key solution to handle this scalability issue. In this work, we propose a revision and an enhancement of K-means clustering algorithm based on a new semantic similarity measure for partitioning given ontology into high quality modules. The results show that our approach produces meaningful clusters than the traditional algorithm of K-means.

  9. Analysis of the Status Quo of Humanistic Quality-Oriented Education in Medical Colleges and Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Shulei; Li, Yamin

    2012-01-01

    With transformation of contemporary modern medical educational modes and improvement of requirement upon doctors' humanistic quality, it seems quite important to strengthen humanistic quality-oriented education in medical colleges and universities. Medical humanistic quality-oriented education in China started late, which determines that there are…

  10. Materiality in a Practice-Based Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Svabo, Connie

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: The paper aims to provide an overview of the vocabulary for materiality which is used by practice-based approaches to organizational knowing. Design/methodology/approach: The overview is theoretically generated and is based on the anthology Knowing in Organizations: A Practice-based Approach edited by Nicolini, Gherardi and Yanow. The…

  11. Development of Dialectics and Development of Humanistic Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buss, Allan R.

    1976-01-01

    The historical development of the dialectic is briefly traced from Hegel to Marx. Certain aspects of both Hegelian and Marxian dialects are brought to bear on a critical assessment as to how the development of a humanistic psychology should proceed. (MS)

  12. Is Gestalt Therapy a Humanistic Form of Psychotherapy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergantino, Len

    1977-01-01

    Believes the therapeutic situation that offers the greatest awareness with the least amount of dehumanization is a synthesis of the gestalt and the existential humanistic (EH) orientations. Considers the relationship and possible synthesis of the existential and gestalt positions. (Author/RK)

  13. Education Policymaking for Social Change: A Post-Humanist Intervention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pedersen, Helena

    2010-01-01

    The humanist tradition in Western education systems is increasingly coming under critical scrutiny by posthumanist scholars, arguing that Enlightenment humanism accommodates a number of serious shortcomings such as being essentialist, exclusive, and unable to meet its own criteria of value pluralism, tolerance, and equity for all. This article…

  14. Humanistic and economic burden of fibromyalgia in Japan [Corrigendum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lee LK

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Lee LK, Ebata N, Hlavacek P, DiBonaventura M, Cappelleri JC, Sadosky A. Humanistic and economic burden of fibromyalgia in Japan. Journal of Pain Research. 2016;9:967–978.Figures 3, 4, 5, and 6 contain errors in the key. Fibromyalgia should be dark gray and matched controls should be light gray.Read the original article.

  15. Response to Hansen: Economic Pressures, Not Science, Undermine Humanistic Counseling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leibert, Todd W.

    2012-01-01

    The author contends that it was economic interests, not reductionist scientific methods, that displaced the humanities as the basis for counseling profession. Attacking scientific methods may inadvertently marginalize humanistic counselors. Instead, science in counseling should be viewed more broadly and thereby support the humanities as a basis…

  16. Modern medicine is losing its humanistic essence: 'Patients no more, but diseases' is the new motto now.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Filiz Bulut

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available For medicine, which is as old as history of humanity, the virtue of helping has always been a priority. However, the way medicine see diseases and human being changed from time to time, and the treatment approaches were shaped accordingly. Ancient Greek's Knidos and Kos Schools of Medicine reflecting one of the earliest schools of systematic medical education show us two distinct perspectives. School of Kos carries the characteristics of Hippocratic medicine and reach a diagnosis not considering the disease symptoms but through the disease itself, and the prognosis of the patient is taken into consideration as well. The disease and the patient are handled with a holistic view without focusing on an organ and the treatment is planned accordingly, while the School of Knidos focuses mainly on the disease not to the patient and reach a clinical diagnosis based on the specifications presented from the symptoms. Today's modern medicine mentality has significant similarities with the School of Knidos approach. This model ignores the cases specific to the patient while diagnosing and applying treatment methods. The physicians who get more specialised every day are becoming implementers of an alienated medicine in contrast to Hippocrates's 'There is no disease, but the patient' aphorism. Nowadays, with the rapidly developing technology and ever-growing accumulation of knowledge, it is possible to say that we moved away from the 'humanistic' medicine concept. In addition, in today's medicine, embedding the business concepts into medicine and commercialization of medicine have significant effects on this phenomenon. The establishment and assessment of the relationship of patient-physician on the basis of ‘customer satisfaction' is changing physicians' opinions on their profession and patients, which leads to a worrisome transformation such as moving away from traditional medical virtues. In this process, respect and trust for the physician are shaken and

  17. UNIVERSITAS: A PROJECT WITH A HUMANIST AND INTEGRAL CULTURE APPROACH IN LAS TUNAS UNIVERSITY CENTER / UNIVERSITAS: PROYECTO POR UN PERFIL HUMANISTA Y DE CULTURA INTEGRAL EN EL CENTRO UNIVERSITARIO DE LAS TUNAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafaela Macías Reyes

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available UNIVERSITAS is a project of sociocultural transformation in Las Tunas university center, with the aim to impel the development of the integral culture in the university community. The knowledge and deepening in the needs, interests, hoping, ways of thinking and acting; in an analysis of the reality, ease the elaboration of the project; which enriches the cultural spectrum of the university community. It is supported by a body of theoretical and methodological budget. Its system of actions is based on newness ideas bind to mechanism of supervisory as: the coordinator group of the project, the orientation bureau, and at the same time the functioning of fixed spaces as: the university theater, the room for exhibitions, Univideo, student’ house, ropes, voices, university and creators, a date with craftsman, dance and music.

  18. 医学人文教育与PBL教学法有机融合的思考%A Thinking of Integration of Medical Humanistic Education and PBL Teaching Method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯琴; 肇毅

    2015-01-01

    The whole idea is expounding“what is humanities” -“what is humanistic care” -“what is medical humanities” -“ the importance of humanistic care in the process of medical practice” -“ How to improve the humanistic quality of medical students” -“ How to integrate the medical humanities education with problem based learning ( PBL) teaching process”, and thereby, the purpose of enhancing the humanistic quality of medical students is finally reached.%通过阐述什么是人文—什么是人文关怀—什么是医学人文—行医过程中人文关怀的重要性—如何提高医学生的人文素养—PBL( problem based learning)教学过程中如何融入医学人文,从而达到提升医学生人文素质的目的。

  19. Literature as a Moral Thermometer: A Humanistic Approach to ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    PROMOTING ACCESS TO AFRICAN RESEARCH ... Plato started the debate on what value or contribution which literature can make ... Later scholars defended the view by asserting that literature plays a vital role in the ... Through the medium of criticism, literature studies, analyses and judges the ... OTHER RESOURCES.

  20. Psychodrama: A humanistic approach to psychiatric treatment for the elderly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buchanan, D R

    1982-03-01

    Elderly psychiatric patients confined to institutions frequently become increasingly isolated and debilitated. The verbal therapies and medications traditionally used to help remotivate patients have not been found to be as effective in dealing with these patients. Psychodrama and the tenets of sociometry, however, have been found effective. The author describes a psychodrama program at St. Elizabeths Hospital in Washington, D.C., that has helped remotivate elderly patients and reintegrate them into a more active life in the hospital. The author provides a brief review of the literature and an introduction to the methodology and techniques of psychodrama, and presents two case studies of how the program has helped aged patients.

  1. The Sociology of Humanist, Spiritual, and Religious Practice in Prison: Supporting Responsivity and Desistance from Crime

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeff B. Duncan

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents evidence for why Corrections should take the humanist, spiritual, and religious self-identities of people in prison seriously, and do all it can to foster and support those self-identities, or ways of establishing meaning in life. Humanist, spiritual, and religious (H/S/R pathways to meaning can be an essential part of the evidence-based responsivity principle of effective correctional programming, and the desistance process for men and women involved in crime. This paper describes the sociology of the H/S/R involvement of 349 women and 3,009 men during the first year of their incarceration in the Oregon prison system. Ninety-five percent of the women and 71% of the men voluntarily attended at least one H/S/R event during their first year of prison. H/S/R events were mostly led by diverse religious and spiritual traditions, such as Native American, Protestant, Islamic, Wiccan, Jewish, Jehovah Witness, Latter-day Saints/Mormon, Seventh Day Adventist, Buddhist, and Catholic, but, increasingly, events are secular or humanist in context, such as education, yoga, life-skills development, non-violent communication, and transcendental meditation groups. The men and women in prison had much higher rates of H/S/R involvement than the general population in Oregon. Mirroring gender-specific patterns of H/S/R involvement found in the community, women in prison were much more likely to attend H/S/R events than men.

  2. 人本企业制度探索%Exploration of Humanistic Enterprise System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴锋刚

    2012-01-01

    Based on the pursuit of justice and common prosperity,this paper challenges the enterprise system of current investor shares enterprise control and residual claims,and considers that,as the socialist market economy system of the foundation of the enterprise system,its reform and innovation direction is to establish a humanistic enterprise system,namely by the employee as a link to the combination of humanistic production and operation,so as to realize fundamental change of the internal labor relations of the enterprises,to improve labor remuneration,and to restore the essence of happy labor,at the same time,it will also inspire humanistic investment,and promote to improve national quality and national competitiveness.%本文以追求公平和共同富裕为考量,对现行的出资者享有企业控制权和剩余索取权的企业制度提出挑战。文章提出作为社会主义市场经济体系之基础的企业制度,其改革创新的方向是建立人本企业制度,即由劳动者以人本为纽带结合起来进行生产经营,从而实现企业内部劳资关系的根本变革,达到提高劳动报酬、恢复劳动快乐本质的目的,同时也激发人本投资,以期提高国民素质和国家竞争力。

  3. Model based feature fusion approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schwering, P.B.W.

    2001-01-01

    In recent years different sensor data fusion approaches have been analyzed and evaluated in the field of mine detection. In various studies comparisons have been made between different techniques. Although claims can be made for advantages for using certain techniques, until now there has been no si

  4. George Eliot’s Humanistic View and Feminist View

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TANG Jing-chun

    2013-01-01

    George Eliot is a great authoress in the Victorian age. She has made great contribution in many fields such as:philoso-phy, literature and humanism. However she is a controversial novelist as well not only because her life experience which revolts against the traditional way of life at that time but also her unique humanistic and feminist view. The purpose of the study is to get the panoramic view of George Eliot.

  5. Further reflections on the humanistic psychology-positive psychology divide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waterman, Alan S

    2014-01-01

    Replies to comments by Morley (see record 2014-01475-010), Serlin (see record 2014-01475-011), Friedman (see record 2014-01475-012), Churchill and Mruk (see record 2014-01475-013), and Schneider (see record 2014-01475-014) on the current author's original article "The humanistic psychology-positive psychology divide: Contrasts in philosophical foundations" (see record 2013-12501-001). The article contrasting humanistic psychology and positive psychology with respect to their ontological, epistemological, and practical philosophical foundations has generated commentaries from leading proponents of varying perspectives within humanistic psychology. There is a great deal of material within those commentaries with which the current author is in full accord. It is worth noting at the outset that no one appears to be challenging the observations (a) that published exchanges between proponents of humanistic and positive psychology have been marked by tension and ambivalence, albeit with occasional efforts at reconciliation and rapprochement; (b) that proponents of the two perspectives differ with respect to the philosophers they most frequently cite in their writings; or (c) that such citations reflect the philosophical assumptions serving as foundations for the theoretical, research, and counseling/therapeutic endeavors of psychologists in both groups. The principal points of concurrence in the critiques published here are that the current underestimates the extent to which mutually supportive, collaborative work can be accomplished across the philosophical divide and that the recommendations the current author has made has advanced serious potential negative consequences for the field. The current author will address these points here in the reply, although space does not permit him to address other substantive points raised by individual commentators.

  6. [Ethics and medicine in Michel Foucault: the humanistic dimension of medicine derived from a genealogy of morality].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gomes, Benjamim

    2005-01-01

    The article presents the results of a doctoral dissertation defended at the Universidad de Salamanca, based on Foucault's final decade of writings. If Foucault's goal in writing The History of Sexuality was to fashion a genealogy of ethics, my goal in analyzing this book, along with his other writings, is to demonstrate his last contribution to the history of medicine. He moves from a conception of power over others towards a conception of power over oneself, an exclusive terrain of ancient Greek morality. As a thinker who tries to understand today's problems by going to their roots, Foucault develops less a history than a philosophy of history. Considered an anti-humanist, he leaves us with a portrait of a wholly ethical-humanistic medicine.

  7. The Technical Route of Counselors' Talk Work under the Perspective of Humanistic Psychology%人本主义心理学视角下辅导员谈心工作的技术路线

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张兴博

    2015-01-01

    人本主义心理学提出以人之特性构建心理学的方法论,重视人的社会属性和自我成长的内在需求。辅导员工作主要内容是做好大学生的思想政治教育,而谈心作为基础性的工作手段需要在技术路线层面进行提升。本文在人本主义心理学的咨询技术基础上,提出辅导员谈心工作水平提升的技术路线。%The approach of humanistic psychology holds that the human-nature-based methodology highly values the social attributes and the needs of self-growth of mankind. The work of college counselors require that they must have all-round pro-fessional capabilities, and conducting the heart-to-heart talk, a basic working method, has to be improved in terms of the tech-niques. Based on counseling techniques of humanistic psychology, this article puts forward the technical roadmap that con-tributes to the enhancement of the heart-to-heart talk.

  8. The Consolidation of Humanistic Education in Vocational Colleges with the Orientation of Job Interviews%发挥求职面试的导向作用,强化高职院校人文教育

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪平

    2011-01-01

    As a job interview plays a significant role in employment,humanistic education is oriented to it.Based on the analyses of different forms of job interviews and the main humanistic qualities in them,this essay discusses about relevant measures to consolidate humanistic education in vocational colleges in the aspects of setting dominant humanistic curriculum system scientifically and reasonably,carrying out the construction of recessive humanistic education system and infiltrating humanistic education into specialized education,to improve students' employment competence.%面试是当今企事业单位选拔人才的极其重要的手段,对高职院校的人文教育也具有十分重要的导向作用。在分析用人单位面试考察的主要形式及其考察的主要人文素质的基础上,探讨强化高职院校人文教育的策略,包括科学合理地设置显性人文课程体系、开展隐性人文教育体系建设、在专业教育中注重渗透人文教育,以培养学生的就业竞争力。

  9. The fusion of humanistic management and organizational learning vreate sustainable and high quality organizations une

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Largacha Martínez

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Rev.esc.adm.neg Looking for the best results that support company sustainability, diverse methodologies focusing on productivity and efficiency have been developed. Under this perspective, the trends of Human Talent Management look for high productive workers and to have low rates of personnel rotation (Bruce, 2006; Wu y Lee, 2001; Fisher, 2000; Lyons, 2006. However, most of these trends do not surpass the reductionist version of the market which only consider a company as a producer of goods or services (Schumacher, 1975, or the managerial paradigms that create structures opposing human resource management (Maslow, 1968; Berger y Luckmann, 1967; Senge et.al., 1994. The Humanistic Management is an exception as it offers another managerial option based on the existing people in the company, not seen as resources but what they really are: human beings. Its principles focus on alteration, non- ideologies and organizational social obligations (Largacha-Martínez, 2010b. In this paper, the outcomes of a qualitative study in seven companies coordinated by the Humanistic Management Network are presented (Von Kimakowitz, et. al, 2011, analyzing them from the perspective of excellence and organizational learning

  10. Fragment-based approaches to enzyme inhibition

    OpenAIRE

    Ciulli, Alessio; Abell, Chris

    2007-01-01

    Fragment-based approaches have provided a new paradigm for small-molecule drug discovery. The methodology is complementary to high-throughput screening approaches, starting from fragments of low molecular complexity and high ligand efficiency, and building up to more potent inhibitors. The approach, which depends heavily on a number of biophysical techniques, is now being taken up by more groups in both industry and academia. This article describes key aspects of the process and highlights re...

  11. A programmable approach to revising knowledge bases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LUAN Shangmin; DAI Guozhong; LI Wei

    2005-01-01

    This paper presents a programmable approach to revising knowledge bases consisting of clauses. Some theorems and lemmas are shown in order to give procedures for generating maximally consistent subsets. Then a complete procedure and an incomplete procedure for generating the maximal consistent subsets are presented, and the correctness of the procedures is also shown. Furthermore, a way to implement knowledge base revision is presented, and a prototype system is introduced. Compared with related works, the main characteristic of our approach is that the approach can be implemented by a computer program.

  12. Humanistic Education and College English Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毕春意

    2008-01-01

    The educational goal of humnistic education is to cultivate.the whole person with complete personality and the ability of free choice.Its educational principles are:to create a safe environment,to learn how to study,to let students participate,to facilitate students' learning desire and the fusion of cognition with emotion.The idea that education should be students-based embodied by these educational goal and principles has great implications for the education of college English teaching.

  13. High Humanistic Directivity of Russian Patriotic Idea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergei V. Yanush

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Russia is in high need of professionals, meeting the requirements of international standards, highly skilled, well-informed, legally savvy specialists, patriots of their work, having civil maturity and high moral and ethic qualities. Modern Russian society wants the employers of all levels to have deep understanding of civil importance and social significance of their activities, strong moral and spiritual basis, high cultural behavior.Training of such specialists is closely related to patriotic upbringing, creation of value-motivational core of the society and resource base of Russia’s restoration through the reproduction of a man of culture, citizen, patriot, moral, responsible, composite and spiritual personality, having distinct guidelines, ideas and ideals of the Russian patriotism. According to the president of the Russian Federation V.V. Putin: ‘We need the strategy of national policy, based on civil patriotism. High patriotic idea, the idea of statehood is the backbone, the foundation of the spirituality of modern Russian society and its future.”Nowadays, when Russia ‘gathers stones’ of its history, patriotism as the phenomenon of national spirituality and the component of public consciousness is as crucial for Russian reality as it was many centuries ago. The power of any country is mainly determined by the depth of patriotism of its citizens.

  14. George Kelly: cognitive psychologist, humanistic psychologist, or something else entirely?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benjafield, John G

    2008-11-01

    George Kelly was regarded by some of his contemporaries as a cognitive psychologist and by others as a humanistic psychologist. Kelly himself resisted being rubricized. He did, however, name several people who had been influential in his life and work, one of whom was J.F. Herbart. A comparison of Herbart and Kelly reveals several similarities. Both shared a belief that psychology was fundamentally a mathematical discipline. Both eliminated distinctions usually taken for granted in psychology, such as emotion versus cognition. Reconstructing Kelly's relation to Herbart allows one to see more clearly why Kelly was such a unique figure in 20th century psychology.

  15. Political participation from an emancipatory and humanist perspective.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Beltrán Marín

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Through this work we propose an analysis regarding to the political participation today, through the consultation of various literature sources. It addresses questions such as: What are the forms of political participation more prevalent in the present? What are the conditions that the participation may have to be really effective? What would be the balance from the Humanist perspective, of a greater participation in decision-making processes? The main method used is the document review; other methods were the scientific description and scientific criticism.

  16. Smart Textiles in Humanistic Hospital Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mogensen, Jeppe; Fisker, Anna Marie; Poulsen, Søren Bolvig

    2014-01-01

    of some of the stakeholders involved in the design process? Relating to the Danish scene of hospital design, we introduce the research project “Smart Textiles in Future Hospitals”, stating the overall hypothesis that textiles in hospital interiors possess an unexploited architectural potential in relation......Hospitalised patients’ healing process, supported by stimulating architecture. In this regard, we address focus on the potential influence of the design principle, discussing how healing architecture may contribute in making the future hospital institutions more responsive to human needs. The main...... purpose of this paper is thus to present a review of healing architecture, by considering some of the challenges in the operational use of the design principle. Associated with the methodology of evidence-based design (EBD), we in this regard question, if these challenges derive from conflicting paradigms...

  17. Homer's Odyssey and Humanistic Education: Towards a Theory of the Humanities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boland, Clay A., Jr.

    Homer's Odyssey can serve as a good source of working definitions of humanism, humanist, humanities, and their relation to humanistic education, a concept which has been adulterated by some, misplaced by others, and diluted by many. Humanism is defined as an attitude that man is independent of any devine realm and therefore responsible for himself…

  18. Kazimierz Dabrowski's Theory of Positive Disintegration and the American Humanistic Psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weckowicz, T. E.

    1988-01-01

    Discusses the differences and similarities between Dabrowski's theory of positive disintegration and the theories of the American humanistic psychologists. Stresses the suffering associated with attaining higher levels of spiritual development. Suggests that Dabrowski and humanists followed different theodicies. (Author/ABL)

  19. Humanistic Content in the Chinese Language Textbooks for Nine Year Compulsory Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Xiao; Sargent, Tanja

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, we employ quantitative and qualitative content analysis to investigate the nature of humanistic value content in the Chinese language arts curriculum and whether or not this varies across old and new versions of the textbooks. Our findings illustrate the various dimensions of humanistic value content in the Chinese language arts…

  20. 人文关怀对灾害医疗救援道德的作用%The Role of Humanistic Care in Disaster Medical Rescue

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董沫含; 张京平; 钱嗣维

    2012-01-01

    针对当前灾害医疗救援中可能存在的忽视人文关怀价值的问题,从人文关怀促使灾害医疗救护伦理价值认识的提升出发,联系灾害医疗救护道德基本要求的细化,人文关怀促使灾害医疗救护道德效益的激增,以及世代传承的白求恩精神四个方面,对人文关怀在灾害医疗救援中的作用进行探讨.人文关怀不仅在当代社会主义医德中扮演着重要角色,而且在灾害医疗救援行动中发挥着中坚作用.%In view of possible the problems exist in current disaster medical rescue, this paper discussed the role of humanistic care in disaster medical rescue based on humanistic care to disaster medical rescue ethical understanding of disaster medical rescue, contacting basic moral demands of refinement, humanistic care to disaster medical rescue moral benefit surge, as well as shining the spirit of Bethune. Humanistic care not only plays an important role in the contemporary socialist ethics, but also plays a significant influence in disaster medical rescue action.

  1. Narrative Based Medicine and Neonatology: an interpretative approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Massimiliano Zonza

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The use of Evidence Based Medicine (EBM has progressively lead doctors to focus their practice on the disease and not on the patient anymore. They consider a sick body or a sick part rather than a sick person. Such an attitude results in a progressive process of alienation or “unauthentic experience”. On the contrary the Medical Humanities represents a strong reaction to this state of things, and for Medicine a chance to embrace again its humanistic “vocation”. Narrative Based Medicine (NBM places at the center of the clinical practice the communicative and relational dimension. This study deepen the application of NBM to the scope of neonatal care. As a result of our work, we have identified in the NBM applied to the neonatal area a fundamental characteristic, the Neonatal Triangle (doctors, patient, parents, and a triple functionality (diagnostic, ethical and educational placed in three different ideal chronological moments (before, during and after. We explore the close connection between these functions and the clinical work and how the NBM model, through these same functions, enhance the opportunity of care and relationship. The main assumption is obviously the Doctors ability to build a shared narrative relation with the Parents of the little Patients, that in the technical terms of the Narrative Based Medicine is called co-construction of the illness history. We can remark that with the NBM we understand (the narrative frame, build (the therapeutic alliance and share (decisions.

  2. Teaching writing through genre-based approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luu, Tuan Trong

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This research is an endeavour to examine the impact of genre-based approach on students’ writing performance as well as students’ attitudes towards the implementation of genre-based approach in writing learning. Research findings reveal that most of the students gained the control over the key features of the required recount genre in terms of social purposes, language features and schematic structure. The necessity and usefulness of the application of teaching-learning cycle into learning the recount genre was predominantly recognized among students

  3. 浅析E.弗洛姆人道主义宗教思想%On Erich Fromm's Humanistic Ethical Thoughts of Religion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓志伟

    2011-01-01

    Erich Fromm is one of the most famous contemporary humanistic ethicists. His neo--humanistic ethics established through synthesizing Karl Marx's macroscopic social theory and Sigmund Freud's microscopic psychoanalysis takes a unique position in the development of western ethics. An important part of Erich Fromm s' humanistic ethics is his humanistic ethical thoughts of religion. Fromm explores root and definition of the religion based on the spirit needs of the people, and clarifies two kinds of connotations in the concept of religion, discloses the harm on the people by alienation of modern religion, and explores actively the way to build the humanistic religion. There are distinctive value of theory and reality and obvious limitations in his ethical thoughts of religion.%E.弗洛姆是现代西方著名的人道主义伦理学家,他通过综合马克思的宏观社会理论和弗洛伊德的微观心理分析理论而建立的人道主义伦理学体系在西方伦理学发展史上具有独特的理论贡献。在其伦理学体系中,宗教思想是其中重要的内容。弗洛姆从人的精神需要的角度探讨了宗教的根源和定义,划分了宗教的两种类型,揭露了现代社会宗教异化对人造成的危害,并积极探索建立人道主义宗教的具体对策。他的思想既有独特的理论和现实意义,同时也有明显的局限性。

  4. Ugi-based approaches to quinoxaline libraries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azuaje, Jhonny; El Maatougui, Abdelaziz; García-Mera, Xerardo; Sotelo, Eddy

    2014-08-11

    An expedient and concise Ugi-based unified approach for the rapid assembly of quinoxaline frameworks has been developed. This convergent and versatile method uses readily available commercial reagents, does not require advanced intermediates, and exhibits excellent bond-forming efficiency, thus exemplifying the operationally simple synthesis of quinoxaline libraries.

  5. Immune based computer virus detection approaches

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TAN Ying; ZHANG Pengtao

    2013-01-01

    The computer virus is considered one of the most horrifying threats to the security of computer systems worldwide.The rapid development of evasion techniques used in virus causes the signature based computer virus detection techniques to be ineffective.Many novel computer virus detection approaches have been proposed in the past to cope with the ineffectiveness,mainly classified into three categories:static,dynamic and heuristics techniques.As the natural similarities between the biological immune system (BIS),computer security system (CSS),and the artificial immune system (AIS) were all developed as a new prototype in the community of anti-virus research.The immune mechanisms in the BIS provide the opportunities to construct computer virus detection models that are robust and adaptive with the ability to detect unseen viruses.In this paper,a variety of classic computer virus detection approaches were introduced and reviewed based on the background knowledge of the computer virus history.Next,a variety of immune based computer virus detection approaches were also discussed in detail.Promising experimental results suggest that the immune based computer virus detection approaches were able to detect new variants and unseen viruses at lower false positive rates,which have paved a new way for the anti-virus research.

  6. Ecosystem based approaches to climate adaptation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zandersen, Marianne; Jensen, Anne; Termansen, Mette

    This report analyses the prospects and barriers of applying ecosystem based approaches systematically to climate adaptation in urban areas, taking the case of green roofs in Copenhagen Municipality. It looks at planning aspects of green roofs in Copenhagen as well as citizen views and preferences...

  7. Advanced Approach of Multiagent Based Buoy Communication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gediminas Gricius

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Usually, a hydrometeorological information system is faced with great data flows, but the data levels are often excessive, depending on the observed region of the water. The paper presents advanced buoy communication technologies based on multiagent interaction and data exchange between several monitoring system nodes. The proposed management of buoy communication is based on a clustering algorithm, which enables the performance of the hydrometeorological information system to be enhanced. The experiment is based on the design and analysis of the inexpensive but reliable Baltic Sea autonomous monitoring network (buoys, which would be able to continuously monitor and collect temperature, waviness, and other required data. The proposed approach of multiagent based buoy communication enables all the data from the costal-based station to be monitored with limited transition speed by setting different tasks for the agent-based buoy system according to the clustering information.

  8. Advanced Approach of Multiagent Based Buoy Communication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gricius, Gediminas; Drungilas, Darius; Andziulis, Arunas; Dzemydiene, Dale; Voznak, Miroslav; Kurmis, Mindaugas; Jakovlev, Sergej

    2015-01-01

    Usually, a hydrometeorological information system is faced with great data flows, but the data levels are often excessive, depending on the observed region of the water. The paper presents advanced buoy communication technologies based on multiagent interaction and data exchange between several monitoring system nodes. The proposed management of buoy communication is based on a clustering algorithm, which enables the performance of the hydrometeorological information system to be enhanced. The experiment is based on the design and analysis of the inexpensive but reliable Baltic Sea autonomous monitoring network (buoys), which would be able to continuously monitor and collect temperature, waviness, and other required data. The proposed approach of multiagent based buoy communication enables all the data from the costal-based station to be monitored with limited transition speed by setting different tasks for the agent-based buoy system according to the clustering information. PMID:26345197

  9. Surgical approaches for tongue base schwannoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ying, Binbin; Zhu, Songsong; Qiao, Yang; Ye, Weimin; Maimaiti, Abdikerimjian; Hu, Jingzhou; Zhang, Yong

    2013-01-01

    Schwannomas (neurilemmomas) are benign nerve sheath tumor originating from Schwann cells. They are well circumscribed and rarely infiltrate and metastasize. Schwannomas of the head and neck commonly occur in the tongue followed by the palate, floor of mouth, buccal mucosa, and mandible. Tongue base schwannomas could extend to the pharyngeal cavity or the floor of the mouse, and it is difficult to differentiate between tumors of the lingual, hypoglossal, and glossopharyngeal nerves.Surgical treatment of tongue base schwannomas is difficult because of limited operative exposure. Although mandibulotomy with lip splitting could obtain good exposure, surgeons might strike a balance between exposure obtaining and morbidity following because there are intricate neurovascular anatomical relationships in this region, and mandibulotomy with lip splitting would cause significant morbidity. Surgical approach options are important for tongue base schwannoma removal. From March 2008 to March 2010, 8 patients were clinically and pathologically diagnosed with tongue base schwannomas in our department, and all underwent surgical treatment. In our experience, transoral approach was used for tongue base schwannomas extending to the floor of the mouse and suprahyroid pharyngotomy approach for those extending to the pharyngeal cavity. Follow-up was made until now. One patient who experienced transoral excision still experienced numbness in the region of the lateral tongue tip, and the other 7 patients had no postoperative long-term complications.

  10. Managing projects a team-based approach

    CERN Document Server

    Brown, Karen A

    2010-01-01

    Students today are likely to be assigned to project teams or to be project managers almost immediately in their first job. Managing Projects: A Team-Based Approach was written for a wide range of stakeholders, including project managers, project team members, support personnel, functional mangers who provide resources for projects, project customers (and customer representatives), project sponsors, project subcontractors, and anyone who plays a role in the project delivery process. The need for project management is on the rise as product life cycles compress, demand for IT systems increases, and business takes on an increasingly global character. This book adds to the project management knowledge base in a way that fills an unmet need—it shows how teams can apply many of the standard project management tools, as well as several tools that are relatively new to the field. Managing Projects: A Team-Based Approach offers the academic rigor found in most textbooks along with the practical attributes often foun...

  11. An Approach to Programming Based on Concepts

    CERN Document Server

    Savinov, Alexandr

    2007-01-01

    In this paper we describe a new approach to programming which generalizes object-oriented programming. It is based on using a new programming construct, called concept, which generalizes classes. Concept is defined as a pair of two classes: one reference class and one object class. Each concept has a parent concept which is specified using inclusion relation generalizing inheritance. We describe several important mechanisms such as reference resolution, context stack, dual methods and life-cycle management, inheritance and polymorphism. This approach to programming is positioned as a new programming paradigm and therefore we formulate its main principles and rules.

  12. A network approach based on cliques

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fadigas, I. S.; Pereira, H. B. B.

    2013-05-01

    The characterization of complex networks is a procedure that is currently found in several research studies. Nevertheless, few studies present a discussion on networks in which the basic element is a clique. In this paper, we propose an approach based on a network of cliques. This approach consists not only of a set of new indices to capture the properties of a network of cliques but also of a method to characterize complex networks of cliques (i.e., some of the parameters are proposed to characterize the small-world phenomenon in networks of cliques). The results obtained are consistent with results from classical methods used to characterize complex networks.

  13. The Humanistic Thoughts in the Medieval Secular Literature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐思思

    2016-01-01

    At the early medieval period, because of the brutal destruction to the ancient culture after the barbarian invasion, the Christian culture rejects to al the secular culture, as wel as the social reality such as the economic poverty, political corruption, and frequent war. As other ideology, literature became the slaves of theology, making the medieval literature as a literature in the "dark age". Humanists, however, used their own ways as the cardinal point, to “strongly agree against every stereotype that was created by the middle age in the form of art performance”. This article wil analyze the three dimensions about the understanding and the performance of human through three main literary styles at that time.

  14. "Aequanimitas" Redux: William Osler on detached concern versus humanistic empathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bryan, Charles S

    2006-01-01

    Recent critics make William Osler "the father of cool detachment" in medicine, largely because of his "Aequanimitas" address emphasizing objectivity and imperturbability. Closer analysis suggests that Osler's aequanimitas resembles more nearly the metriopatheia of later Stoic philosophy than the apatheia of the early Stoics. A previously unpublished memoir clarifies at least in part Osler's motive for teaching control of the "medullary centres" to minimize facial expression: he did not want to frighten patients, who typically had serious illnesses for which he lacked effective therapy. Twenty-first century challenges to medicine as a profession differ substantially from those of Osler's era. Physicians and educators must focus more closely on the tension between detached concern ("competence") and humanistic empathy ("caring") if medicine is to thrive as a learned profession as opposed to a technical service, a commodity to be bought and sold like any other.

  15. Humanist trends preschool education in Japan: theoretical and methodological research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. G. Tarabasova

    2014-08-01

    The main focus of the educational strategy in Japan is on the intrinsic value of every child, regardless of the AI characteristics and abilities. Respect for human subjectivity permeates its entire livelihoods Japanese, from pre­school age, and is the fundamental principle of education. Humanistic principles of education in Japan declares: «untalented children there!». The purpose of education in the Japanese education more educational than education is implemented in the idea of «kokoro», which translated from Japanese means: heart, soul, mind, humanity. Contents concept of « kokoro « include: respect for people and animals, sympathy and generous attitude towards others, the search for truth, the ability to feel a great and high, have self­control, protect nature, to contribute to society. This principle permeates the content of all programs, objects, and daily life. The main objectives of pre­school Japanese teachers determine: training as a benefit for the child.

  16. Creativity and health: an anti-humanist reflection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fox, Nick J

    2013-09-01

    Many studies suggest that health benefits from engaging with the creative arts, but explanations of the association remain tenuous. This article explores both creativity and health from an anti-humanist perspective and develops a Deleuze-inspired analysis to supply the theoretical framework for creativity and health. In this view, creativity is an active, experimenting flow within a network or assemblage of bodies, things, ideas and institutions, while health is understood as the capacity of a body to affect and be affected by this assemblage. It is consequently unsurprising that there is a relationship between creative activity and health. This analysis is used to explore how creative production and reception can affect health, and to assess the implications for sociology and for arts in health-care practice.

  17. Trait-based approaches to zooplankton communities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lichtman, E.; Ohman, M.D.; Kiørboe, Thomas

    2013-01-01

    Zooplankton are major primary consumers and predators in most aquatic ecosystems. They exhibit tremendous diversity of traits, ecological strategies and, consequently, impacts on other trophic levels and the cycling of materials and energy. An adequate representation of this diversity in community...... and ecosystem models is necessary to generate realistic predictions on the functioning of aquatic ecosystems but remains extremely challenging. We propose that the use of trait-based approaches is a promising way to reduce complexity while retaining realism in developing novel descriptions of zooplankton...... traits, such as body size and motility, transcend several functions and are major determinants of zooplankton ecological strategies. Future developments of trait-based approaches to zooplankton should assemble a comprehensive matrix of key traits for diverse groups and explore it for general patterns...

  18. Materiality in a practice-based approach

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svabo, Connie

    2009-01-01

    The paper provides an overview of the vocabulary for materiality which is used by practice-based approaches to organizational knowing. Common terms for materiality are 'artifact' and 'object'. The interaction between social and material realities is grasped as several processes: object-oriented a......The paper provides an overview of the vocabulary for materiality which is used by practice-based approaches to organizational knowing. Common terms for materiality are 'artifact' and 'object'. The interaction between social and material realities is grasped as several processes: object......-oriented activity, symbolization, embodiment, performance, alignment and mediation. Material artifacts both stabilize and destabilize organizational action. They may ensure coordination, communication, and control, but they may also create disturbance and conflict....

  19. An Approach to Programming Based on Concepts

    OpenAIRE

    Savinov, Alexandr

    2007-01-01

    In this paper we describe a new approach to programming which generalizes object-oriented programming. It is based on using a new programming construct, called concept, which generalizes classes. Concept is defined as a pair of two classes: one reference class and one object class. Each concept has a parent concept which is specified using inclusion relation generalizing inheritance. We describe several important mechanisms such as reference resolution, context stack, dual methods and life-cy...

  20. Stem cell-based approaches in dentistry

    OpenAIRE

    Mitsiadis, T A; Orsini, G.; Jimenez-Rojo, L

    2015-01-01

    Repair of dental pulp and periodontal lesions remains a major clinical challenge. Classical dental treatments require the use of specialised tissue-adapted materials with still questionable efficacy and durability. Stem cell-based therapeutic approaches could offer an attractive alternative in dentistry since they can promise physiologically improved structural and functional outcomes. These therapies necessitate a sufficient number of specific stem cell populations for implantation. Dental m...

  1. Tourism Planning: A Case Based Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Khalid Khan

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This study is an attempt to investigate the tourism marketing and attraction strategies adopted by various countries. A case study based approach is adopted in this study. On the basis of investigation of tourism development strategies adopted by various countries, suggestions are also made at the end. These suggestions are aimed to increase visitors our tourists’ base in a country. These suggestions can be used by any country to increase visitors or tourists. Future directions are also given at the end.

  2. Endobiogeny: A Global Approach to Systems Biology (Part 1 of 2)

    OpenAIRE

    Lapraz, Jean-Claude; Hedayat, Kamyar M.

    2013-01-01

    Endobiogeny is a global systems approach to human biology that may offer an advancement in clinical medicine based in scientific principles of rigor and experimentation and the humanistic principles of individualization of care and alleviation of suffering with minimization of harm. Endobiogeny is neither a movement away from modern science nor an uncritical embracing of pre-rational methods of inquiry but a synthesis of quantitative and qualitative relationships reflected in a systems-approa...

  3. The concept of humanistic base texts / Linnart Mäll

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mäll, Linnart

    2003-01-01

    Ettekanne sümpoosionilt: Gemeinsames Symposium der Evangelisch-Theologischen Fakultät der Universität Tartu, der Estnischen Studiengesellschaft für Morgenlandkunde und der Deutschen Religionsgeschichtlichen Studiengesellschaft. Tartu, 2001

  4. The concept of humanistic base texts / Linnart Mäll

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mäll, Linnart

    2003-01-01

    Ettekanne sümpoosionilt: Gemeinsames Symposium der Evangelisch-Theologischen Fakultät der Universität Tartu, der Estnischen Studiengesellschaft für Morgenlandkunde und der Deutschen Religionsgeschichtlichen Studiengesellschaft. Tartu, 2001

  5. A Course on Humanistic Creativity in Later Life: Literature Review, Case Histories, and Recommendations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nuessel, Frank; Van Stewart, Arthur; Cedeno, Aristofanes

    2001-01-01

    Presents case histories of late-life creativity in literature (May Sarton), painting (Marcel Duchamp), music (Leos Janacek), dance (Martha Graham), and theatre (Jessica Tandy). Offers suggestions for a course on humanistic creativity in later life. (Contains 74 references.) (SK)

  6. Matched filter based iterative adaptive approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nepal, Ramesh; Zhang, Yan Rockee; Li, Zhengzheng; Blake, William

    2016-05-01

    Matched Filter sidelobes from diversified LPI waveform design and sensor resolution are two important considerations in radars and active sensors in general. Matched Filter sidelobes can potentially mask weaker targets, and low sensor resolution not only causes a high margin of error but also limits sensing in target-rich environment/ sector. The improvement in those factors, in part, concern with the transmitted waveform and consequently pulse compression techniques. An adaptive pulse compression algorithm is hence desired that can mitigate the aforementioned limitations. A new Matched Filter based Iterative Adaptive Approach, MF-IAA, as an extension to traditional Iterative Adaptive Approach, IAA, has been developed. MF-IAA takes its input as the Matched Filter output. The motivation here is to facilitate implementation of Iterative Adaptive Approach without disrupting the processing chain of traditional Matched Filter. Similar to IAA, MF-IAA is a user parameter free, iterative, weighted least square based spectral identification algorithm. This work focuses on the implementation of MF-IAA. The feasibility of MF-IAA is studied using a realistic airborne radar simulator as well as actual measured airborne radar data. The performance of MF-IAA is measured with different test waveforms, and different Signal-to-Noise (SNR) levels. In addition, Range-Doppler super-resolution using MF-IAA is investigated. Sidelobe reduction as well as super-resolution enhancement is validated. The robustness of MF-IAA with respect to different LPI waveforms and SNR levels is also demonstrated.

  7. Inciting the Metric Oriented Humanist: Teaching Bibliometrics in a Faculty of Humanities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zuccala, Alesia Ann

    2016-01-01

    principles and practices associated with teaching bibliometrics to humanists, with the aim of encouraging students to reflect upon new indicators relevant to scholarly research outputs across the humanities. Emphasis is placed on the “biblio” in bibliometrics (i.e., books), digital record-keeping across...... the humanities, the work of humanists who have sought to explain the development of new knowledge through objective pattern-seeking, and the complementary value of alternative versus traditional indicators of scholarly research performance....

  8. Cosine-Based Clustering Algorithm Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammed A. H. Lubbad

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Due to many applications need the management of spatial data; clustering large spatial databases is an important problem which tries to find the densely populated regions in the feature space to be used in data mining, knowledge discovery, or efficient information retrieval. A good clustering approach should be efficient and detect clusters of arbitrary shapes. It must be insensitive to the outliers (noise and the order of input data. In this paper Cosine Cluster is proposed based on cosine transformation, which satisfies all the above requirements. Using multi-resolution property of cosine transforms, arbitrary shape clusters can be effectively identified at different degrees of accuracy. Cosine Cluster is also approved to be highly efficient in terms of time complexity. Experimental results on very large data sets are presented, which show the efficiency and effectiveness of the proposed approach compared to other recent clustering methods.

  9. Professional identity formation in medical education for humanistic, resilient physicians: pedagogic strategies for bridging theory to practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wald, Hedy S; Anthony, David; Hutchinson, Tom A; Liben, Stephen; Smilovitch, Mark; Donato, Anthony A

    2015-06-01

    Recent calls for an expanded perspective on medical education and training include focusing on complexities of professional identity formation (PIF). Medical educators are challenged to facilitate the active constructive, integrative developmental process of PIF within standardized and personalized and/or formal and informal curricular approaches. How can we best support the complex iterative PIF process for a humanistic, resilient health care professional? How can we effectively scaffold the necessary critical reflective learning and practice skill set for our learners to support the shaping of a professional identity?The authors present three pedagogic innovations contributing to the PIF process within undergraduate and graduate medical education (GME) at their institutions. These are (1) interactive reflective writing fostering reflective capacity, emotional awareness, and resiliency (as complexities within physician-patient interactions are explored) for personal and professional development; (2) synergistic teaching modules about mindful clinical practice and resilient responses to difficult interactions, to foster clinician resilience and enhanced well-being for effective professional functioning; and (3) strategies for effective use of a professional development e-portfolio and faculty development of reflective coaching skills in GME.These strategies as "bridges from theory to practice" embody and integrate key elements of promoting and enriching PIF, including guided reflection, the significant role of relationships (faculty and peers), mindfulness, adequate feedback, and creating collaborative learning environments. Ideally, such pedagogic innovations can make a significant contribution toward enhancing quality of care and caring with resilience for the being, relating, and doing of a humanistic health care professional.

  10. Impact of writing about mathematics in a humanistic context on mathematical self-concept: A twelfth-grade pilot study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kadijević Đorđe M.

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available As one’s learning results from a complex interplay among his/her cognitive metacognitive and affective domains, the last of which determines the global context where cognition takes place monitored and controlled by metacognition, the learning outcomes may primarily be interpreted in affective terms. Having in mind a strong positive relation between mathematical self and mathematical achievement as well as that a humanistic approach to mathematics teaching/learning would promote higher mathematical self, this study examined whether writing about mathematics in a humanistic context influences mathematical self. This question was answered by comparing mathematical self of twelfth-grade gymnasium (high-school students who wrote their matura works on mathematical themes (N = 10 with that of their classmates who did that in other subjects (N = 72. A higher mathematical self was found for these ten students, which may be commented with "those who chose to write matura works in mathematics were simply those with higher mathematical self and the writing contributed nothing to the outcome". The values of other control variables measured in grades 9-12 evidence that it is more likely that this finding was influenced by the treatment.

  11. RISK BASED TESTING A Fuzzy Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ochin Sharma

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Earlier Testers used to concentrate on only functionality, usability or performance sort of testing. Many of these derived by the customer’s desire or need. Same thing was with the risk based testing. If an application used to be real time based or crucial in terms or national security or economic then it was considered to be a risk based testing candidate. But business of individual has equalimportance for the people. Hence now risked based scenario and testing is a must do strategy. But based on the various factors how will you decide when an event or activity is under risk and should be treated on priority based. In real time projects many activities cannot be decided as ‘Yes’ or ‘No’ criteria. For example in a project if any one person is left out of 10 members’ team. It cannot be treated as crucial, but if 5 members left within short span of time. This 50% breakdown in work force definitely be consider as critical, so here we can wave a red (priority signal. So fuzzy approach can be consider as an important deal with respect of risk management

  12. Solving Operator Equation Based on Expansion Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Aminataei

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available To date, researchers usually use spectral and pseudospectral methods for only numerical approximation of ordinary and partial differential equations and also based on polynomial basis. But the principal importance of this paper is to develop the expansion approach based on general basis functions (in particular case polynomial basis for solving general operator equations, wherein the particular cases of our development are integral equations, ordinary differential equations, difference equations, partial differential equations, and fractional differential equations. In other words, this paper presents the expansion approach for solving general operator equations in the form Lu+Nu=g(x,x∈Γ, with respect to boundary condition Bu=λ, where L, N and B are linear, nonlinear, and boundary operators, respectively, related to a suitable Hilbert space, Γ is the domain of approximation, λ is an arbitrary constant, and g(x∈L2(Γ is an arbitrary function. Also the other importance of this paper is to introduce the general version of pseudospectral method based on general interpolation problem. Finally some experiments show the accuracy of our development and the error analysis is presented in L2(Γ norm.

  13. A HUMANISTIC PHYLOSOPHICAL ANALYSIS ON WOMEN EXISTENCE IN THE FIQH OF SYAFII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iffatin Nur

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available In the fiqh of Shāfi‘ī, a humanistic philosophical analysis on women existence is given serious attention, particularly in his investigation on the matters of women. It is very vivid in his magnum opuses entitled al-Umm (The Mother, al-Risālah fi Us\\ūl al-Fiqh and his periodicals qawl qadīm (old view and qawl jadīd (new view. This article seeks to provide thorough analysis on the women empowerment through humanistic values from methodological and legal products aspects generated by Shāfi‘ī. In the aspect of methodology (us\\ūl fiqh, the use of qiyās (analogy is an indication of the humanistic value in the development of the mas\\lah\\ah\\ (beneficial principles. The legal products aspect can be explored through the following three classifications. Firstly, humanistic values of women in the law regarding the properties. Secondly, the humanistic values of women in the state law on economic issues related to religious conversion and social relations in political settings. Thirdly, the humanistic values of women in the marriage laws.

  14. Humanistic Elements in the Educational Practice at a United States Sub-Baccalaureate Technical College

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carsten Schmidtke

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Humanism has never been able to establish a firm place in technical education, which remains predominantly pragmatist in response to industry needs, certification requirements and educational standardisation. However, after a period of decline, humanism has made somewhat of a comeback as part of the movement toward student-centred education. Research conducted at a technical college showed that although . This research indicated that including humanistic elements in educational practice will enable instructors to be more effective in helping students to develop skills in relation to team work, problem-solving, systems improvement, lifelong learning and other areas that are becoming increasingly necessary for success in the workplace. The include a constructivist approach with a focus on contextual teaching and learning using situated cognition, cognitive apprenticeships, anchored instruction and authentic assessment. At the same time, some suggestions for improving professional development for teachers by using a Gestalt approach along with self-study in the context of learning communities have been discussed.

  15. Bernardo de Aldrete, humanist and laminario

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Woolard, Kathryn A.

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available The humanist scholar and philologist Bernardo de Aldrete had a contradictory relationship to the Sacromonte affair. His first book in 1606 was a pathbreaking history of the Spanish language. Notable for its rigorous methods of linguistic inquiry, that work demonstrated the Latin origins of Spanish and rejected its existence before the time of the Visigoths. Aldrete's thesis was attacked for impugning the authenticity of the Turpiana parchment. In a second book Aldrete defended both his earlier work and the Sacromonte discoveries. He assisted Archbishop de Castro in the defense of the lead books, but that role has received little attention from historians. This article draws together Aldrete's published work and his correspondence with the Archbishop's house- hold to bring his role in the Sacromonte case into focus. It attempts to identify the continuities as well as the more often noted contradictions between Aldrete's roles as laminario and humanist scholar.

    La relación de Bernardo de Aldrete, humanista y filólogo, con el caso del Sacromonte fue ambigua. Su primer libro, publicado en 1606, fue una historia innovadora de la lengua española. Notable por sus métodos rigurosos de investigación lingüística, la obra mostró los orígenes latinos del español y rechazó su existencia antes de la época de los godos. La tesis de Aldrete fue atacada por impugnar la autenticidad del pergamino de la Torre Turpiana. En otro libro, Aldrete defendió su obra anterior y también los hallazgos del Sacromonte. Aldrete ayudó al Arzobispo de Castro en la defensa de los libros plúmbeos, un papel que ha llamado poco la atención de historiadores del Sacromonte. Este artículo compagina la obra publicada de Aldrete y su correspondencia con la casa del Arzobispo, para enfocar su papel en el caso del Sacromonte. Pretende identificar tanto las continuidades como las contradicciones entre el trabajo de Aldrete como laminario y como humanista.

  16. Creative teaching an evidence-based approach

    CERN Document Server

    Sale, Dennis

    2015-01-01

    This book contains an evidence-based pedagogic guide to enable any motivated teaching/training professional to be able to teach effectively and creatively. It firstly summarises the extensive research field on human psychological functioning relating to learning and how this can be fully utilised in the design and facilitation of quality learning experiences. It then demonstrates what creativity actually 'looks like' in terms of teaching practices, modelling the underpinning processes of creative learning design and how to apply these in lesson planning. The book, having established an evidence-based and pedagogically driven approach to creative learning design, extensively focuses on key challenges facing teaching professionals today. These include utilising information technologies in blended learning formats, differentiating instruction, and developing self-directed learners who can think well. The main purpose of the book is to demystify what it means to teach creatively, explicitly demonstrating the pr...

  17. Classifier Assignment by Corpus-based Approach

    CERN Document Server

    Sornlertlamvanich, V; Meknavin, S; Sornlertlamvanich, Virach; Pantachat, Wantanee; Meknavin, Surapant

    1994-01-01

    This paper presents an algorithm for selecting an appropriate classifier word for a noun. In Thai language, it frequently happens that there is fluctuation in the choice of classifier for a given concrete noun, both from the point of view of the whole spe ech community and individual speakers. Basically, there is no exect rule for classifier selection. As far as we can do in the rule-based approach is to give a default rule to pick up a corresponding classifier of each noun. Registration of classifier for each noun is limited to the type of unit classifier because other types are open due to the meaning of representation. We propose a corpus-based method (Biber, 1993; Nagao, 1993; Smadja, 1993) which generates Noun Classifier Associations (NCA) to overcome the problems in classifier assignment and semantic construction of noun phrase. The NCA is created statistically from a large corpus and recomposed under concept hierarchy constraints and frequency of occurrences.

  18. Market-based approaches to tree valuation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geoffrey H. Donovan; David T. Butry

    2008-01-01

    A recent four-part series in Arborist News outlined different appraisal processes used to value urban trees. The final article in the series described the three generally accepted approaches to tree valuation: the sales comparison approach, the cost approach, and the income capitalization approach. The author, D. Logan Nelson, noted that the sales comparison approach...

  19. Study of the effect of humanistic nursing care model wards in Children Caring Ward School on the nurses' caring ability

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jiao He; De-Ying Hu; Yi-Lan Liu; Li-Fen Wu; Lian Liu

    2016-01-01

    Objective: To understand the effect of humanistic nursing care model wards in Children Caring Ward School (CCWS) on the nurses' caring ability. Methods: Questionnaire 25 nurses of humanistic nursing care model wards in CCWS using the Nkongho Caring Ability Inventory (CAI) before and after implement the humanistic nursing care model, including reform the systems of nursing care, introduce humanistic care model, implement the humanistic care, to measure the nurses' caring ability. Results: The nurses' caring ability had significantly developed on total, cognition dimension, courage dimension and patience dimension after all measures considered (p Conclusions: The humanistic nursing care model wards in CCWS has a positive effect on the nurses' caring ability, not only to help build great relationships between nurses and patients but also to enhance the patients' satisfaction.

  20. Riddle of light: a seminar course for scientists and humanists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoicheff, Boris P.

    2000-06-01

    Recently a new program of `First Year Seminar Courses' was initiated in the Faculty of Arts and Science at the University of Toronto to introduce in-coming undergraduates to the excitement of university scholarship. These are full- year elective courses, and in each course students work closely with a faculty member in groups of no more than 20 students. I shall review my experiences in these past three years in organizing a course on light, optics, and photonics. The primary aim was to use the rich story of light to bring together students of a variety of intellectual interests, in the hope of demonstrating the valuable knowledge that the cultures of the humanists and scientists can bring to an understanding of the modern world. As we are all aware, the story of light is so all- embracing that this course included not only the science of light and optics, with lasers and photonics, but light in the open air, astronomy, religion, literature, art, architecture, film, stage, health and medicine, with several of the topics discussed by guest speakers. After a brief review of the story of light from its earliest beginnings, an outline of the course will be given along with the many contributions by the students and evaluation of their efforts.

  1. Peptide Based Radiopharmaceuticals: Specific Construct Approach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Som, P; Rhodes, B A; Sharma, S S

    1997-10-21

    The objective of this project was to develop receptor based peptides for diagnostic imaging and therapy. A series of peptides related to cell adhesion molecules (CAM) and immune regulation were designed for radiolabeling with 99mTc and evaluated in animal models as potential diagnostic imaging agents for various disease conditions such as thrombus (clot), acute kidney failure, and inflection/inflammation imaging. The peptides for this project were designed by the industrial partner, Palatin Technologies, (formerly Rhomed, Inc.) using various peptide design approaches including a newly developed rational computer assisted drug design (CADD) approach termed MIDAS (Metal ion Induced Distinctive Array of Structures). In this approach, the biological function domain and the 99mTc complexing domain are fused together so that structurally these domains are indistinguishable. This approach allows construction of conformationally rigid metallo-peptide molecules (similar to cyclic peptides) that are metabolically stable in-vivo. All the newly designed peptides were screened in various in vitro receptor binding and functional assays to identify a lead compound. The lead compounds were formulated in a one-step 99mTc labeling kit form which were studied by BNL for detailed in-vivo imaging using various animals models of human disease. Two main peptides usingMIDAS approach evolved and were investigated: RGD peptide for acute renal failure and an immunomodulatory peptide derived from tuftsin (RMT-1) for infection/inflammation imaging. Various RGD based metallopeptides were designed, synthesized and assayed for their efficacy in inhibiting ADP-induced human platelet aggregation. Most of these peptides displayed biological activity in the 1-100 µM range. Based on previous work by others, RGD-I and RGD-II were evaluated in animal models of acute renal failure. These earlier studies showed that after acute ischemic injury the renal cortex displays

  2. New approaches in diffraction based optical metrology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ebert, M.; Vanoppen, P.; Jak, M.; v. d. Zouw, G.; Cramer, H.; Nooitgedagt, T.; v. d. Laan, H.

    2016-03-01

    Requirements for on-product overlay, focus and CD uniformity continue to tighten in order to support the demands of 10nm and 7nm nodes. This results in the need for simultaneously accurate, robust and dense metrology data as input for closed-loop control solutions thereby enabling wafer-level control and high order corrections. In addition the use of opaque materials and stringent design rules drive the need for expansion of the available measurement wavelengths and metrology target design space. Diffraction based optical metrology has been established as the leading methodology for integrated as well as standalone optical metrology for overlay, focus and CD monitoring and control in state of the art chip manufacturing. We are presenting the new approaches to diffraction based optical metrology designed to meet the processing diffraction based metrology signals. In this paper we will present the new detection principle and its impact on key performance characteristics of overlay and focus measurements. We will also describe the wide range of applications of a newly introduced increased measurement spot size, enabling significant improvements to accuracy and process robustness of overlay and focus measurements. With the YS350E the optical CD measurement capability is also extended, to 10x10μm2 targets. We will discuss the performance and value of small targets in after-develop and after-etch applications.

  3. Age Classification Based On Integrated Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pullela. SVVSR Kumar

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The present paper presents a new age classification method by integrating the features derived from Grey Level Co-occurrence Matrix (GLCM with a new structural approach derived from four distinct LBP's (4-DLBP on a 3 x 3 image. The present paper derived four distinct patterns called Left Diagonal (LD, Right diagonal (RD, vertical centre (VC and horizontal centre (HC LBP's. For all the LBP's the central pixel value of the 3 x 3 neighbourhood is significant. That is the reason in the present research LBP values are evaluated by comparing all 9 pixels of the 3 x 3 neighbourhood with the average value of the neighbourhood. The four distinct LBP's are grouped into two distinct LBP's. Based on these two distinct LBP's GLCM is computed and features are evaluated to classify the human age into four age groups i.e: Child (0-15, Young adult (16-30, Middle aged adult (31-50 and senior adult (>50. The co-occurrence features extracted from the 4-DLBP provides complete texture information about an image which is useful for classification. The proposed 4-DLBP reduces the size of the LBP from 6561 to 79 in the case of original texture spectrum and 2020 to 79 in the case of Fuzzy Texture approach.

  4. Toxidrome-based Approach to Common Poisonings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno Mégarbane

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Poisoning remains a major cause of hospital admission into the emergency department and intensive care unit. Proper diagnosis is the cornerstone for optimal management of poisoned patients. Since the definitive analytical confirmation of the nature of the toxicant involved in the poisoning cannot be rapidly obtained in the majority of healthcare facilities, diagnosis relies on the medical history and the rigorous clinical examination of the patients well as results of the routine biological tests and the electrocardiogram. Identification of the toxidromes addresses not only the correct diagnosis but also rules out other differential diagnoses. Despite no definitive predictive value, this clinical approach facilitates making decision on empirical treatments and emergent antidotes. Pharmacodynamic tests using specific antidotes including naloxone for opioids and flumazenil for benzodiazepines and its analogues are also helpful to assess the final diagnosis in comatose patients. The objective of this article is to review the toxidrome-based approach to common poisonings before toxicological analysis enables the confirmation of the initially suspected toxic etiology.

  5. Linear systems a measurement based approach

    CERN Document Server

    Bhattacharyya, S P; Mohsenizadeh, D N

    2014-01-01

    This brief presents recent results obtained on the analysis, synthesis and design of systems described by linear equations. It is well known that linear equations arise in most branches of science and engineering as well as social, biological and economic systems. The novelty of this approach is that no models of the system are assumed to be available, nor are they required. Instead, a few measurements made on the system can be processed strategically to directly extract design values that meet specifications without constructing a model of the system, implicitly or explicitly. These new concepts are illustrated by applying them to linear DC and AC circuits, mechanical, civil and hydraulic systems, signal flow block diagrams and control systems. These applications are preliminary and suggest many open problems. The results presented in this brief are the latest effort in this direction and the authors hope these will lead to attractive alternatives to model-based design of engineering and other systems.

  6. Sepsis management: An evidence-based approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baig, Muhammad Akbar; Shahzad, Hira; Jamil, Bushra; Hussain, Erfan

    2016-03-01

    The Surviving Sepsis Campaign (SSC) guidelines have outlined an early goal directed therapy (EGDT) which demonstrates a standardized approach to ensure prompt and effective management of sepsis. Having said that, there are barriers associated with the application of evidence-based practice, which often lead to an overall poorer adherence to guidelines. Considering the global burden of disease, data from low- to middle-income countries is scarce. Asia is the largest continent but most Asian countries do not have a well-developed healthcare system and compliance rates to resuscitation and management bundles are as low as 7.6% and 3.5%, respectively. Intensive care units are not adequately equipped and financial concerns limit implementation of expensive treatment strategies. Healthcare policy-makers should be notified in order to alleviate financial restrictions and ensure delivery of standard care to septic patients.

  7. Wavelet based approach for facial expression recognition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zaenal Abidin

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Facial expression recognition is one of the most active fields of research. Many facial expression recognition methods have been developed and implemented. Neural networks (NNs have capability to undertake such pattern recognition tasks. The key factor of the use of NN is based on its characteristics. It is capable in conducting learning and generalizing, non-linear mapping, and parallel computation. Backpropagation neural networks (BPNNs are the approach methods that mostly used. In this study, BPNNs were used as classifier to categorize facial expression images into seven-class of expressions which are anger, disgust, fear, happiness, sadness, neutral and surprise. For the purpose of feature extraction tasks, three discrete wavelet transforms were used to decompose images, namely Haar wavelet, Daubechies (4 wavelet and Coiflet (1 wavelet. To analyze the proposed method, a facial expression recognition system was built. The proposed method was tested on static images from JAFFE database.

  8. Nanotechnology-based approaches in anticancer research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jabir, Nasimudeen R; Tabrez, Shams; Ashraf, Ghulam Md; Shakil, Shazi; Damanhouri, Ghazi A; Kamal, Mohammad A

    2012-01-01

    Cancer is a highly complex disease to understand, because it entails multiple cellular physiological systems. The most common cancer treatments are restricted to chemotherapy, radiation and surgery. Moreover, the early recognition and treatment of cancer remains a technological bottleneck. There is an urgent need to develop new and innovative technologies that could help to delineate tumor margins, identify residual tumor cells and micrometastases, and determine whether a tumor has been completely removed or not. Nanotechnology has witnessed significant progress in the past few decades, and its effect is widespread nowadays in every field. Nanoparticles can be modified in numerous ways to prolong circulation, enhance drug localization, increase drug efficacy, and potentially decrease chances of multidrug resistance by the use of nanotechnology. Recently, research in the field of cancer nanotechnology has made remarkable advances. The present review summarizes the application of various nanotechnology-based approaches towards the diagnostics and therapeutics of cancer.

  9. Optimization of Hospital Human Resource Management with Humanistic Care%用人文关怀优化医院人力资源管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘春晔

    2015-01-01

    基于医院人力资源特点,改进传统薪酬激励的方法,要使以人为本、尊重知识、尊重人才等人文关怀理念充分体现在人力资源管理之中.运用人文关怀来指导和优化人力资源管理.充分尊重员工,关心员工,帮助员工,建立良好的员工关系.用人文关怀激发员工能量,让员工真正分享团队进步带来的荣誉和快乐.%Based on characteristics of hospital human resource, it is necessary to improve traditional methods of salary incentive. We should put people first, respect knowledge and respect talents, reflect ideas of humanistic care in human resource management, apply humanistic care to guide and optimize human resource management, establish good employee relationship by respecting employees, caring about employees and helping them, make use of humanistic care to stimulate dynamism of employees and let employees share honors and happiness brought by team progress.

  10. A Rule-Based Approach To Prepositional Phrase Attachment Disambiguation

    CERN Document Server

    Brill, E; Brill, Eric; Resnik, Philip

    1994-01-01

    In this paper, we describe a new corpus-based approach to prepositional phrase attachment disambiguation, and present results comparing performance of this algorithm with other corpus-based approaches to this problem.

  11. 试析地方高校成人高等教育中的人文素质教育%the Training of Humanistic Quality for Higher Adult Education in Local Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    甘杰

    2009-01-01

    In this paper the deficiency of humanistic quality for higher adult education in local universities is analyzed, and the methods are investigated on how to reflect the training purpose of humanistic quality in the training plan, how to emphasize the training method in the classroom teaching, and how to display humanistic care in the teaching manage-ment. It is important to find some approaches to show the personality and characteristic for each student in various activi-ties, and to strengthen the training of humanistic quality for higher adult education in local universities.%文章分析了地方高校成人高等教育中学员人文素质缺失的成因,探讨了在教学计划中体现人文素质的培养目标,在课堂教学中注重人文素质的培养手段,在教学管理中凸显人文关怀,在各类活动中彰显学员的个性,加强地方高校成教学员人文素质的培养.

  12. The Significance of Temperature Based Approach Over the Energy Based Approaches in the Buildings Thermal Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albatayneh, Aiman; Alterman, Dariusz; Page, Adrian; Moghtaderi, Behdad

    2017-05-01

    The design of low energy buildings requires accurate thermal simulation software to assess the heating and cooling loads. Such designs should sustain thermal comfort for occupants and promote less energy usage over the life time of any building. One of the house energy rating used in Australia is AccuRate, star rating tool to assess and compare the thermal performance of various buildings where the heating and cooling loads are calculated based on fixed operational temperatures between 20 °C to 25 °C to sustain thermal comfort for the occupants. However, these fixed settings for the time and temperatures considerably increase the heating and cooling loads. On the other hand the adaptive thermal model applies a broader range of weather conditions, interacts with the occupants and promotes low energy solutions to maintain thermal comfort. This can be achieved by natural ventilation (opening window/doors), suitable clothes, shading and low energy heating/cooling solutions for the occupied spaces (rooms). These activities will save significant amount of operating energy what can to be taken into account to predict energy consumption for a building. Most of the buildings thermal assessment tools depend on energy-based approaches to predict the thermal performance of any building e.g. AccuRate in Australia. This approach encourages the use of energy to maintain thermal comfort. This paper describes the advantages of a temperature-based approach to assess the building's thermal performance (using an adaptive thermal comfort model) over energy based approach (AccuRate Software used in Australia). The temperature-based approach was validated and compared with the energy-based approach using four full scale housing test modules located in Newcastle, Australia (Cavity Brick (CB), Insulated Cavity Brick (InsCB), Insulated Brick Veneer (InsBV) and Insulated Reverse Brick Veneer (InsRBV)) subjected to a range of seasonal conditions in a moderate climate. The time required for

  13. JOSÉ MARTÍ’S UNIVERSAL ANALYSIS OF EDUCATION FROM A HUMANIST AND CULTURAL PERSPECTIVE / LA UNIVERSALIDAD DEL ANÁLISIS DE JOSÉ MARTÍ SOBRE LA EDUCACIÓN DESDE SU PERSPECTIVA HUMANISTA Y CULTURAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Recaredo Benito Rodríguez Bosch

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available José Martí did not study teaching profession, he neither devoted his life for developing this profession, but he delivered lessons in different Latin-Americans countries and he did it with an undoubtable excellence according to some testimonies and criteria of the epoch. This work is intended to expose the universal analysis character that our national hero makes of the problem of education and his approach from a humanist and culturologist approach.

  14. A humanist's legacy in medical informatics: visions and accomplishments of Professor Jean-Raoul Scherrer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geissbühler, A; Lovis, C; Spahni, S; Appel, R D; Ratib, O; Boyer, C; Hochstrasser, D F; Baud, R

    2002-01-01

    To report about the work of Prof. Jean-Raoul Scherrer, and show how his humanist vision, his medical skills and his scientific background have enabled and shaped the development of medical informatics over the last 30 years. Starting with the mainframe-based patient-centered hospital information system DIOGENE in the 70s, Prof. Scherrer developed, implemented and evolved innovative concepts of man-machine interfaces, distributed and federated environments, leading the way with information systems that obstinately focused on the support of care providers and patients. Through a rigorous design of terminologies and ontologies, the DIOGENE data would then serve as a basis for the development of clinical research, data mining, and lead to innovative natural language processing techniques. In parallel, Prof. Scherrer supported the development of medical image management, ranging from a distributed picture archiving and communication systems (PACS) to molecular imaging of protein electrophoreses. Recognizing the need for improving the quality and trustworthiness of medical information on the Web, Prof. Scherrer created the Health-On-the-Net (HON) foundation. These achievements, made possible thanks to his visionary mind, deep humanism, creativity, generosity and determination, have made of Prof. Scherrer a true pioneer and leader of the human-centered, patient-oriented application of information technology for improving healthcare.

  15. A Study of Core Humanistic Competency for Developing Humanism Education for Medical Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jung, Hee-Yeon; Kim, Jae-Won; Lee, Seunghee; Yoo, Seong Ho; Jeon, Ju-Hong; Kim, Tae-Woo; Park, Joong Shin; Jeong, Seung-Yong; Oh, Seo Jin; Kim, Eun Jung; Shin, Min-Sup

    2016-06-01

    The authors conducted a survey on essential humanistic competency that medical students should have, and on teaching methods that will effectively develop such attributes. The participants consisted of 154 medical school professors, 589 medical students at Seoul National University College of Medicine, 228 parents, and 161 medical school and university hospital staff. They answered nine questions that the authors created. According to the results, all groups chose "morality and a sense of ethics," a "sense of accountability," "communication skills," and "empathic ability" were selected as essential qualities. According to the evaluation on the extent to which students possess each quality, participants believed students had a high "sense of accountability" and "morality," whereas they thought students had low "empathic ability," "communicate," or "collaborate with others". In terms of effective teaching methods, all sub-groups preferred extracurricular activities including small group activities, debates, and volunteer services. With regard to the speculated effect of humanism education and the awareness of the need for colleges to offer it, all sub-groups had a positive response. However the professors and students expressed a relatively passive stance on introducing humanism education as a credited course. Most participants responded that they preferred a grading method based on their rate of participation, not a relative evaluation. In order to reap more comprehensive and lasting effects of humanism education courses in medical school, it is necessary to conduct faculty training, and continuously strive to develop new teaching methods.

  16. Evaluating face trustworthiness: a model based approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Todorov, Alexander; Baron, Sean G; Oosterhof, Nikolaas N

    2008-06-01

    Judgments of trustworthiness from faces determine basic approach/avoidance responses and approximate the valence evaluation of faces that runs across multiple person judgments. Here, based on trustworthiness judgments and using a computer model for face representation, we built a model for representing face trustworthiness (study 1). Using this model, we generated novel faces with an increased range of trustworthiness and used these faces as stimuli in a functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging study (study 2). Although participants did not engage in explicit evaluation of the faces, the amygdala response changed as a function of face trustworthiness. An area in the right amygdala showed a negative linear response-as the untrustworthiness of faces increased so did the amygdala response. Areas in the left and right putamen, the latter area extended into the anterior insula, showed a similar negative linear response. The response in the left amygdala was quadratic--strongest for faces on both extremes of the trustworthiness dimension. The medial prefrontal cortex and precuneus also showed a quadratic response, but their response was strongest to faces in the middle range of the trustworthiness dimension.

  17. Secular Weddings in Canada: An Examination of a Humanist Response to the Evolution of Marriage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lloyd Hawkeye Robertson

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Despite increasing societal secularization, little research has been undertaken on the needs of non-religious people to engage in marriage ceremony or the means by which such needs are met. Using a jurisdictional scan, focus groups, and an on-line survey, this exploratory survey examines the provision for and use of secular legal marriage in Canada’s regions from a humanist perspective. It is postulated that marriage ceremonies have persisted among the non-religious due to needs to authenticate or recognize transitional changes to the self, but these needs have been met through ad hoc strategies as opposed to a uniform demand for humanist services. Implications for humanist organizations are discussed along with recommendations for further research.

  18. Humanistic and positive psychology need each other, and to advance, our field needs both.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, Kirk J

    2014-01-01

    Comments on the article "The humanistic psychology-positive psychology divide: Contrasts in philosophical foundations" by Waterman (see record 2013-12501-001). Alan Waterman's article is an illuminating contribution that will be reviewed and debated for years to come. The current author is appreciative of Waterman for raising key questions about the respective worldviews of humanistic and positive psychology and their potential for rapprochement. That said, the current author thinks Waterman's conclusion that both perspectives are better off pursuing their own independent agendas is a short-sighted one that is likely to have debilitating, if not dire, effects on the future of our profession. The current author believes that there are many ways for existential-humanistic and positive psychology researchers to collaborate.

  19. Concurrency-based approaches to parallel programming

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kale, L.V.; Chrisochoides, N.; Kohl, J.; Yelick, K.

    1995-01-01

    The inevitable transition to parallel programming can be facilitated by appropriate tools, including languages and libraries. After describing the needs of applications developers, this paper presents three specific approaches aimed at development of efficient and reusable parallel software for irregular and dynamic-structured problems. A salient feature of all three approaches in their exploitation of concurrency within a processor. Benefits of individual approaches such as these can be leveraged by an interoperability environment which permits modules written using different approaches to co-exist in single applications.

  20. Formation of the Humanistic Position of a Teenager in the Course of Collective Activity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kovtun G. V.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The pedagogical conditions for the formation of a humanistic position of a teenager in the process of interaction in the team are examined on the basis of implementation of the ideas of pedagogy and methods of I. P. Ivanov in the conditions of summer camp, working on the training program for volunteers. The results of experimental work allow ascertaining of the formation of humanistic values of teenager included in the process of social creativity aimed at the unselfish concern about the society.

  1. IPTV inter-destination synchronization: A network-based approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stokking, H.M.; Deventer, M.O. van; Niamut, O.A.; Walraven, F.A.; Mekuria, R.N.

    2010-01-01

    This paper introduces a novel network-based approach to inter-destination media synchronization. The approach meets the need for synchronization in advanced TV concepts like social TV and offers high scalability, unlike conventional end-point based approaches. The solution for interdestination media

  2. A discourse based approach in text-based machine translation

    CERN Document Server

    Ullah, Sana; Kwak, Kyung Sup

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents a theoretical research based approach to ellipsis resolution in machine translation. Moreover, the formula of discourse is applied in order to resolve ellipses. The validity of the discourse formula is analyzed by applying it to the real world text i.e. newspaper fragments. The source text is converted into mono-sentential discourses where complex discourses require further dissection either directly into primitive discourses or first into compound discourses and later into primitive ones. The procedure of dissection needs further improvement i.e. discovering as many primitive discourse forms as possible [1]. This work is further improvement to the concepts presented by Khan (Khan, 1995). Likewise, an attempt has been made to investigate new primitive discourses i.e. patterns from the given text.

  3. A Constructivist Approach to Rule Bases

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sileno, G.; Boer, A.; van Engers, T.; Loiseau, S.; Filipe, J.; Duval, B.; van den Herik, J.

    2015-01-01

    The paper presents a set of algorithms for the conversion of rule bases between priority-based and constraint-based representations. Inspired by research in precedential reasoning in law, such algorithms can be used for the analysis of a rule base, and for the study of the impact of the introduction

  4. Model Mapping Approach Based on Ontology Semantics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jinkui Hou

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The mapping relations between different models are the foundation for model transformation in model-driven software development. On the basis of ontology semantics, model mappings between different levels are classified by using structural semantics of modeling languages. The general definition process for mapping relations is explored, and the principles of structure mapping are proposed subsequently. The approach is further illustrated by the mapping relations from class model of object oriented modeling language to the C programming codes. The application research shows that the approach provides a theoretical guidance for the realization of model mapping, and thus can make an effective support to model-driven software development

  5. Predicting Liaison: an Example-Based Approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Greefhorst, A.P.M.; Bosch, A.P.J. van den

    2016-01-01

    Predicting liaison in French is a non-trivial problem to model. We compare a memory-based machine-learning algorithm with a rule-based baseline. The memory-based learner is trained to predict whether liaison occurs between two words on the basis of lexical, orthographic, morphosyntactic, and

  6. Business Schools under Fire: Humanistic Management Education as the Way Forward. Humanism in Business Series

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amann, Wolfgang, Ed.; Pirson, Michael, Ed.; Dierksmeier, Claus, Ed.; Von Kimakowitz, Ernst, Ed.; Spitzeck, Heiko, Ed.

    2011-01-01

    In a time of instability trust in managers is low. Management education is being scrutinized for its impact on society and business schools have been considered as "silent partners in corporate crime." This book outlines how business schools can get out of the line of fire by presenting the cornerstones of a humanistic business education. This…

  7. A Return to the Human in Humanism: A Response to Hansen's Humanistic Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lemberger, Matthew E.

    2012-01-01

    In his extension of the humanistic vision, Hansen (2012) recommends that counseling practitioners and scholars adopt operations that are consistent with his definition of a multiple-perspective philosophy. Alternatively, the author of this article believes that Hansen has reduced the capacity of the human to interpret meaning through quantitative…

  8. Offering a Course in Humanistic and Transpersonal Psychology in a Traditional Psychology Department.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Edward W. L.; McIntosh, William D.

    2001-01-01

    Focuses on a course in humanistic and transpersonal psychology for undergraduate students that addresses metaneeds, consciousness, altered states of consciousness, Eastern and Western meditative practices, mytho-poetic wisdom, and metaphoric epistemology. Describes the goals, content, and structure of the course and discusses the course…

  9. Inciting the Metric Oriented Humanist: Teaching Bibliometrics in a Faculty of Humanities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zuccala, Alesia Ann

    2016-01-01

    principles and practices associated with teaching bibliometrics to humanists, with the aim of encouraging students to reflect upon new indicators relevant to scholarly research outputs across the humanities. Emphasis is placed on the “biblio” in bibliometrics (i.e., books), digital record-keeping across...

  10. On Cultivating College Students' Humanistic Qualities in Western Fine Arts Appreciation Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhuang, Rong

    2009-01-01

    In recent years, western pragmatism has been prevalent on the campuses of Chinese universities. Its direct result is the emergence of such a trend in fine arts teaching which attaches high importance to the pragmatic side of the art learning and disregards fostering the humanistic qualities of the students. One of the most serious phenomena of…

  11. Secularists, Humanists and Religious Education: Religious Crisis and Curriculum Change in England, 1963-1975

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freathy, Rob; Parker, Stephen G.

    2013-01-01

    With particular reference to religious education, this article provides an account of the campaigns of Secularists and Humanists in England in the 1960s and 1970s and locates them within their broader religious context. These campaigns, which have been both underplayed and overstated in the existing historiography, failed to garner the levels of…

  12. An Experiment in Humanistic Management within Community College District Twelve, Centralia/Olympia, Washington.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Dale A.; Hurley, John A.

    Community College District Twelve, a multi-college district serving a two-county area in southwestern Washington, has attempted to incorporate at administrative levels many of the humanistic, process-oriented principles of management discussed by Maslow and Maccoby. A concept of the ideal leadership style for District Twelve guides the selection…

  13. Bearing and Transcending Suffering with Nature and the World: A Humanistic Account

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hong Chen, Rosa

    2011-01-01

    To conceptualise moral education as "living and learning to bear suffering" offers a humanistic vision for choices people make in the face of drastic threats to their existence. This essay proposes that bearing and transcending suffering--part of the human narrative--helps human beings to realise their ethical potential. Grounded in…

  14. A Reconciliation of the Freudian and Humanistic/Transpersonal Views of Human Nature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pearl, Joseph H.

    1984-01-01

    Suggests a resolution to the apparent conflict between the Freudian and humanistic/transpersonal views of human nature. Presents a model which allows for the fulfillment of Freud's desire to account for both the life and death instincts as manifestations of a tendency to restore an earlier state of things. (LLL)

  15. Humanistic Qualities of the Teacher as Perceived by Undergraduate Students in Bahrain and Kuwait

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Musawi, Nu'man; Karam, Ebraheem M.

    2011-01-01

    The objective of this study was to identify the main qualities of the teacher as a person as perceived by university students in Bahrain and Kuwait. A 25-item questionnaire, which reflected the basic humanistic qualities of the teacher as related to effective teaching, was designed and then administered to a random sample of 520 students enrolled…

  16. The Humanistic Psychology-Positive Psychology Divide: Contrasts in Philosophical Foundations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waterman, Alan S.

    2013-01-01

    The relationship between the fields of humanistic and positive psychology has been marked by continued tension and ambivalence. This tension can be traced to extensive differences in the philosophical grounding characterizing the two perspectives within psychology. These differences exist with respect to (a) ontology, including the ways in which…

  17. Extending the Humanistic Vision: Toward a Humanities Foundation for the Counseling Profession

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansen, James T.

    2012-01-01

    Founding humanists argued that counseling should be ideologically grounded in the humanities. Currently, professional counseling culture is largely structured by scientific assumptions, which, the author maintains, have had a detrimental impact on the profession. Specific recommendations for shifting professional counseling culture to a humanities…

  18. The Neo-Humanistic Concept of "Bildung" Going Astray: Comments to Friedrich Schiller's Thoughts on Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vinterbo-Hohr, Aagot; Hohr, Hansjorg

    2006-01-01

    Friedrich Schiller (1759-1805), German poet, dramatist, philosopher and publisher, was a prominent contributor to the educational neo-humanistic concept of Bildung at the threshold to Romanticism. Schiller assigns a pivotal role to the aesthetic education arguing that aesthetic activity reconciles sensuousness and reason and thereby creates the…

  19. HUMANIST VALUES OF SPORT AND THE PROBLEMS OF SOCIAL GLOBALIZATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lyubov SHEREMET

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The article is dedicated to the consideration of sport activity under the perspective of social philosophy, with special attention given to core values of the contemporary sport manifested particularly by the Olympic movement. It is argued that the main intellectual source of the Olympism is the translation of liberal ideology into the sphere of sport, with the idea of dialogue as a norm of interpersonal relation serving as a pivotal in socio-cultural foundations of the contemporary Olympic movement. The current crisis of sport is described in the paper in terms of further commercialization and professionalization that corrupts its immanent original ideal used to manifest the humanistic and universal values of sport for all the humankind in general. The contemporary market economy is demonstrated as the one which has transformed sport into means for achieving business success, individualistic ‘record’ prestige and anthropological representation. It is stated that the denoted trend could be opposed by the humanization of sport, its main criterion being the role of the dialogue: sport is humane as far as it is discursive. The author argues that to preserve discourse in sport is to perform the task for humanism movement best defined by the principle ‘sport for human person, and not human person for sport’. VALORILE UMANISTE ALE SPORTULUI ŞI PROBLEMELE GLOBALIZĂRII SOCIALEAcest articol are ca subiect activitatea sportivă cercetată din perspectiva filosofiei sociale, o atenţie deosebită fiind acordată valorilor de bază ale sportului contemporan manifestate, în special, în mişcarea olimpică. Se susţine că sursa intelectua­lă de bază a olimpismului este ideologia liberală implementată în sfera sportului, promovând ideea că dialogul, ca o normă a relaţiilor inter­personale, serveşte în calitate de fundaţie socioculturală a mişcării olimpice contemporane. Criza actuală a sportului este descrisă în lucrare

  20. Abstract algebra an inquiry based approach

    CERN Document Server

    Hodge, Jonathan K; Sundstrom, Ted

    2013-01-01

    ""This book arose from the authors' approach to teaching abstract algebra. They place an emphasis on active learning and on developing students' intuition through their investigation of examples. … The text is organized in such a way that it is possible to begin with either rings or groups.""-Florentina Chirtes, Zentralblatt MATH 1295

  1. An eigenvector based approach to neutrino mixing

    CERN Document Server

    Sierra, D Aristizabal; Houet, E

    2013-01-01

    We propose a model-independent analysis of the neutrino mass matrix through an expansion in terms of the eigenvectors defining the lepton mixing matrix, which we show can be parametrized as small perturbations of the tribimaximal mixing eigenvectors. This approach proves to be powerful and convenient for some aspects of lepton mixing, in particular when studying the sensitivity of the mass matrix elements to departures from their tribimaximal form. In terms of the eigenvector decomposition, the neutrino mass matrix can be understood as originating from a tribimaximal dominant structure with small departures determined by data. By implementing this approach to cases when the neutrino masses originate from different mechanisms, we show that the experimentally observed structure arises very naturally. We thus claim that the observed deviations from the tribimaximal mixing pattern might be interpreted as a possible hint of a ``hybrid'' nature of the neutrino mass matrix.

  2. Strengthening Humanistic Care Nursing%加强人文关怀护理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵玉娥

    2016-01-01

    随着医学事业的发展,人文关怀护理在临床护理工作中发挥着越来越重要的作用。把人文关怀融入到护理实践中,通过关怀行为建立护理实践标准是发展和加强关怀行为的关键举措。在医疗质量保证的情况下,竞争成败的关键是服务,只有将心比心才能做好人文关怀、病人至上。人文关怀要以患者为中心,对患者给予充分的尊重。应做好人文关怀的培训,以提高服务意识、专业知识和沟通技术。要避免医疗纠纷,就应大力推行人文关怀建设。%With the development of medical science, humanistic care in clinical nursing work is playing a more and more important role. It is the key measure to develop and strengthen the caring behavior to establish the standard of nursing practice through caring behavior in the nursing practice. In medical quality assurance, the success or failure of the competition is key to the service, only care to do a good job of humanistic care, the patient first. Humanistic care should be given to patients as the center, to give full respect to the patient. Should do a good job in the training of humanistic care, in order to enhance service awareness, professional knowledge and communication technology. In order to avoid medical disputes, we should vigorously promote the construction of humanistic care.

  3. THEATER AS AN EDUCATIONAL TOOL IN THE HUMANISTIC PEDAGOGY OF THE XV-XVI CENTURIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zinaida A. LURIE

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses the concept of theater and drama of the German humanists of the XV-XVI centuries. The author marks out the main stages of development of humanistic literature and highlights several key arguments for studying drama and organizing performances that could be found in texts of Christian humanists. Basically, the last were associated with methodology of teaching and moralizing. Both philological and pedagogical arguments, mainly of applied character, considering theater and drama as effective learning tools were reflected in works of Erasmus of Rotterdam, and later become a formula typical for statutes of the Protestant schools. However, it is the didactic concept of theater as a tool of preaching that is of the most importance. The author focuses on Philip Melanchthon, a reformer and a humanist, who in his comments on classical theater consistently developed the idea of the interpretation of dramatic texts through the light of Christian ethics and dogmatic. The most precious are his comments on Terence's comedies. The author shows, how the humanist ideas complemented ones of the late classical rhetorician Aelius Donat, who also had analyzed text of Roman comediograth in the light of Christian thought. In particular, Melanchthon's submission of dramatic genres, comedy and tragedy, is studied. It differed from one of Donat and reflected the influence of Aristotle. Despite certain internal contradictions and difficulties in matching pagan comedies with Christianity, his work is to be interpreted as the key theatrical concept of the period. It is the Melanchthon's comedies that formed the idea of the perfect theater, which found expression in the consistent Protestant drama of XVI century.

  4. Supraorbital eyebrow approach to skull base lesions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernandes Yvens Barbosa

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available We report our experience with a supraorbital eyebrow minicraniotomy. This technique is suitable to lesions situated in the region of the anterior fossa, suprasellar cisterns, parasellar region and Sylvian fissure. A 50 mm incision in the eyebrow and a supraorbital minicraniotomy is performed. Sixteem patients harboring different lesions were operated on with good postoperative and cosmetic results. We conclude that this approach is safe and useful in selected cases.

  5. Parallel Graph Transformation based on Merged Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asmaa Aouat

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Graph transformation is one of the key concepts in graph grammar. In order to accelerate the graph transformation, the concept of parallel graph transformation has been proposed by different tools such as AGG tool. The theory of parallel graph transformation used by AGG just allows clarifying the concepts of conflict and dependency between the transformation rules. This work proposes an approach of parallel graph transformations which enables dependent transformation rules to be executed in parallel.

  6. Evaluating a Pivot-Based Approach for Bilingual Lexicon Extraction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jae-Hoon Kim

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available A pivot-based approach for bilingual lexicon extraction is based on the similarity of context vectors represented by words in a pivot language like English. In this paper, in order to show validity and usability of the pivot-based approach, we evaluate the approach in company with two different methods for estimating context vectors: one estimates them from two parallel corpora based on word association between source words (resp., target words and pivot words and the other estimates them from two parallel corpora based on word alignment tools for statistical machine translation. Empirical results on two language pairs (e.g., Korean-Spanish and Korean-French have shown that the pivot-based approach is very promising for resource-poor languages and this approach observes its validity and usability. Furthermore, for words with low frequency, our method is also well performed.

  7. A systematic approach for component-based software development

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Guareis de farias, Cléver; van Sinderen, Marten J.; Ferreira Pires, Luis

    2000-01-01

    Component-based software development enables the construction of software artefacts by assembling prefabricated, configurable and independently evolving building blocks, called software components. This paper presents an approach for the development of component-based software artefacts. This

  8. A polyhedral approach to computing border bases

    CERN Document Server

    Braun, Gábor

    2009-01-01

    Border bases can be considered to be the natural extension of Gr\\"obner bases that have several advantages. Unfortunately, to date the classical border basis algorithm relies on (degree-compatible) term orderings and implicitly on reduced Gr\\"obner bases. We adapt the classical border basis algorithm to allow for calculating border bases for arbitrary degree-compatible order ideals, which is \\emph{independent} from term orderings. Moreover, the algorithm also supports calculating degree-compatible order ideals with \\emph{preference} on contained elements, even though finding a preferred order ideal is NP-hard. Effectively we retain degree-compatibility only to successively extend our computation degree-by-degree. The adaptation is based on our polyhedral characterization: order ideals that support a border basis correspond one-to-one to integral points of the order ideal polytope. This establishes a crucial connection between the ideal and the combinatorial structure of the associated factor spaces.

  9. Antirandom Testing: A Distance-Based Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shen Hui Wu

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Random testing requires each test to be selected randomly regardless of the tests previously applied. This paper introduces the concept of antirandom testing where each test applied is chosen such that its total distance from all previous tests is maximum. This spans the test vector space to the maximum extent possible for a given number of vectors. An algorithm for generating antirandom tests is presented. Compared with traditional pseudorandom testing, antirandom testing is found to be very effective when a high-fault coverage needs to be achieved with a limited number of test vectors. The superiority of the new approach is even more significant for testing bridging faults.

  10. Thinning based Antialiasing Approach for Visual Saliency of Digital Images

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rukundo, O.

    2015-01-01

    A thinning based approach for spatial antialiasing (TAA) has been proposed for visual saliency of digital images. This TAA approach is based on edge-matting and digital compositing strategies. Prior to edgematting the image edges are detected using ant colony optimization (ACO) algorithm and then th

  11. Thinning based Antialiasing Approach for Visual Saliency of Digital Images

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rukundo, O.

    2015-01-01

    A thinning based approach for spatial antialiasing (TAA) has been proposed for visual saliency of digital images. This TAA approach is based on edge-matting and digital compositing strategies. Prior to edgematting the image edges are detected using ant colony optimization (ACO) algorithm and then

  12. A Strength-Based Approach to Teacher Professional Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zwart, Rosanne C.; Korthagen, Fred A. J.; Attema-Noordewier, Saskia

    2015-01-01

    Based on positive psychology, self-determination theory and a perspective on teacher quality, this study proposes and examines a strength-based approach to teacher professional development. A mixed method pre-test/post-test design was adopted to study perceived outcomes of the approach for 93 teachers of six primary schools in the Netherlands and…

  13. A strength-based approach to teacher professional development

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zwart, Rosanne C.; Korthagen, Fred A J; Attema-Noordewier, Saskia

    2014-01-01

    Based on positive psychology, self-determination theory and a perspective on teacher quality, this study proposes and examines a strength-based approach to teacher professional development. A mixed method pre-test/post-test design was adopted to study perceived outcomes of the approach for 93 teache

  14. A strength-based approach to teacher professional development

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zwart, Rosanne; Korthagen, Fred A J; Attema-Noordewier, Saskia

    2015-01-01

    Based on positive psychology, self-determination theory and a perspective on teacher quality, this study proposes and examines a strength-based approach to teacher professional development. A mixed method pre-test/post-test design was adopted to study perceived outcomes of the approach for 93 teache

  15. A strength-based approach to teacher professional development

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zwart, Rosanne C.; Korthagen, Fred A J; Attema-Noordewier, Saskia

    2014-01-01

    Based on positive psychology, self-determination theory and a perspective on teacher quality, this study proposes and examines a strength-based approach to teacher professional development. A mixed method pre-test/post-test design was adopted to study perceived outcomes of the approach for 93 teache

  16. A Task-Based Approach to Materials Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nunan, David

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this chapter is to present a task-based approach to materials development. In the first part of the chapter, I sketch out the evolution of task based language teaching, drawing on a distinction between synthetic and analytical approaches to syllabus design first articulated by Wilkins (1976).

  17. A Task-based Approach to Materials Development

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this chapter is to present a task-based approach to materials development. In the first part of the chapter, I sketch out the evolution of task based language teaching, drawing on a distinction between synthetic and analytical approaches to syllabus design first articulated by Wilkins (1976).

  18. A Task-based Approach to Materials Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Nunan

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this chapter is to present a task-based approach to materials development. In the first part of the chapter, I sketch out the evolution of task based language teaching, drawing on a distinction between synthetic and analytical approaches to syllabus design first articulated by Wilkins (1976.

  19. Knowledge-Based Approaches: Two cases of applicability

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Tom

    1997-01-01

    Basic issues of the term: A knowledge-based approach (KBA) are discussed. Two cases of applicable to KBA are presented, and its concluded that KBA is more than just IT.......Basic issues of the term: A knowledge-based approach (KBA) are discussed. Two cases of applicable to KBA are presented, and its concluded that KBA is more than just IT....

  20. EFL Reading Instruction: Communicative Task-Based Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sidek, Harison Mohd

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the overarching framework of EFL (English as a Foreign Language) reading instructional approach reflected in an EFL secondary school curriculum in Malaysia. Based on such analysis, a comparison was made if Communicative Task-Based Language is the overarching instructional approach for the Malaysian EFL…

  1. A strength-based approach to teacher professional development

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zwart, Rosanne|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/298981823; Korthagen, Fred A J|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/06936432X; Attema-Noordewier, Saskia

    2015-01-01

    Based on positive psychology, self-determination theory and a perspective on teacher quality, this study proposes and examines a strength-based approach to teacher professional development. A mixed method pre-test/post-test design was adopted to study perceived outcomes of the approach for 93 teache

  2. 医师提供人文医学服务必须的本领与修炼%Required Skills and Practices for Doctors in Humanistic Healthcare Service

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖先福

    2014-01-01

    Based on the review of relative concepts of medical humanities, this article brielfy discusses 12 types of required skills for doctors in humanistic healthcare service, and notiifes the special practices for those skills.%作者在对人文医学相关概念回顾的基础上,就医师提供人文医学服务必须的12种本领作了扼要论述。并就12项本领的修炼作了提示。

  3. Morphological Pattern Based Approach for Trademark Retrieval

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ranjeet Kumar

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available In the current scenario of the economic developments in the world market and growth in the international trade practices, Trademark registration is becoming a critical issue. The number of company and brand is increasing day by day and they all demand a trademark registration for same trade both in the home country as well as in foreign markets. In this paper we propose an invariant approach to break the character and shape of the trademark (logo or design to capture the shape and related attributes therein to build an efficient trademark retrieval tool. We create the input image in a negative image format for ignoring the background and objects reverse intensities values. The paper illustrates the morphological opening approach for removing the very small objects which can be acting as a noise. The paper also proposes how the extracted images from the trademark database will be matched further for similar input trademarks on the basis of trademark retrieval process from the database.

  4. Supplier selection an MCDA-based approach

    CERN Document Server

    Mukherjee, Krishnendu

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of this book is to present a comprehensive review of the latest research and development trends at the international level for modeling and optimization of the supplier selection process for different industrial sectors. It is targeted to serve two audiences: the MBA and PhD student interested in procurement, and the practitioner who wishes to gain a deeper understanding of procurement analysis with multi-criteria based decision tools to avoid upstream risks to get better supply chain visibility. The book is expected to serve as a ready reference for supplier selection criteria and various multi-criteria based supplier’s evaluation methods for forward, reverse and mass customized supply chain. This book encompasses several criteria, methods for supplier selection in a systematic way based on extensive literature review from 1998 to 2012. It provides several case studies and some useful links which can serve as a starting point for interested researchers. In the appendix several computer code wri...

  5. Web Based ‘C’ IDE: Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sravanthi Emani

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available A Web based environment has been designed to execute C programs without explicitly installing any compilers on the machine, thus addressing the concerns of portability and accessibility. Theenvironment runs on a Linux server, uses password authentication and provides each user with separate project directories to store all his programs. These can be accessed and modified by the respective useronly. The entered code can be compiled and executed easily without using licensed software for the same. This saves installation time as well as memory of the client machine. The configuration of the machineneed not be an issue as the system is web based and thus platform independent.

  6. Evolutionary algorithm based configuration interaction approach

    CERN Document Server

    Chakraborty, Rahul

    2016-01-01

    A stochastic configuration interaction method based on evolutionary algorithm is designed as an affordable approximation to full configuration interaction (FCI). The algorithm comprises of initiation, propagation and termination steps, where the propagation step is performed with cloning, mutation and cross-over, taking inspiration from genetic algorithm. We have tested its accuracy in 1D Hubbard problem and a molecular system (symmetric bond breaking of water molecule). We have tested two different fitness functions based on energy of the determinants and the CI coefficients of determinants. We find that the absolute value of CI coefficients is a more suitable fitness function when combined with a fixed selection scheme.

  7. A New Text Location Approach Based Wavelet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Weihua Li; Zhen Fang; Shuozhong Wang

    2002-01-01

    With the advancement of content-based retrieval technology, the importance of semantics for text information contained in images attracts many researchers. An algorithm which will automatically locate the textual regions in the input image will facilitate the retrieving task, and the optical character recognizer can then be applied to only those regions of the image which contain text. In this paper a new text location method based wavelet is described, which can be used to locate textual regions from complex image and video frame. Experimental results show that the textual regions in image can be located effectively and quickly.

  8. Face Recognition Based on Nonlinear Feature Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eimad E.A. Abusham

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Feature extraction techniques are widely used to reduce the complexity high dimensional data. Nonlinear feature extraction via Locally Linear Embedding (LLE has attracted much attention due to their high performance. In this paper, we proposed a novel approach for face recognition to address the challenging task of recognition using integration of nonlinear dimensional reduction Locally Linear Embedding integrated with Local Fisher Discriminant Analysis (LFDA to improve the discriminating power of the extracted features by maximize between-class while within-class local structure is preserved. Extensive experimentation performed on the CMU-PIE database indicates that the proposed methodology outperforms Benchmark methods such as Principal Component Analysis (PCA, Fisher Discrimination Analysis (FDA. The results showed that 95% of recognition rate could be obtained using our proposed method.

  9. A model-based multisensor data fusion knowledge management approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Straub, Jeremy

    2014-06-01

    A variety of approaches exist for combining data from multiple sensors. The model-based approach combines data based on its support for or refutation of elements of the model which in turn can be used to evaluate an experimental thesis. This paper presents a collection of algorithms for mapping various types of sensor data onto a thesis-based model and evaluating the truth or falsity of the thesis, based on the model. The use of this approach for autonomously arriving at findings and for prioritizing data are considered. Techniques for updating the model (instead of arriving at a true/false assertion) are also discussed.

  10. Case-based approaches for knowledge application and organisational learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wang, Chengbo; Johansen, John; Luxhøj, James T.

    2005-01-01

    . These practices and activity patterns are based on learning and applying the knowledge internal and external to an organisation. To ensure their smooth formulation process, there are two important techniques designed – an expert adaptation approach and an expert evaluation approach. These two approaches provide...... structured processes to execute the organisational learning and knowledge application, which intend to guide the practitioners during the process of manufacturing competence development and improvement. They are based on Case-Based Reasoning (CBR) methodology and rely on cases as the primary knowledge supply....... This paper aims to present the two approaches; introduce two types of tests on these approaches to verify their functionality: role-play testing and real world application testing; and summarises the applicability of the two approaches....

  11. Algebraic Verification Method for SEREs Properties via Groebner Bases Approaches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ning Zhou

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This work presents an efficient solution using computer algebra system to perform linear temporal properties verification for synchronous digital systems. The method is essentially based on both Groebner bases approaches and symbolic simulation. A mechanism for constructing canonical polynomial set based symbolic representations for both circuit descriptions and assertions is studied. We then present a complete checking algorithm framework based on these algebraic representations by using Groebner bases. The computational experience result in this work shows that the algebraic approach is a quite competitive checking method and will be a useful supplement to the existent verification methods based on simulation.

  12. SLAM - Based Approach to Dynamic Ship Positioning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krzysztof Wrobel

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Dynamically positioned vessels, used by offshore industry, use not only satellite navigation but also different positioning systems, often referred to as reference' systems. Most of them use multiple technical devices located outside the vessel which creates some problems with their accessibility and performance. In this paper, a basic concept of reference system independent from any external device is presented, basing on hydroacoustics and Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (SLAM method. Theoretical analysis of its operability is also performed.

  13. A Monocular Vision Based Approach to Flocking

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-03-01

    The bird represented with the green triangle desires to move away from its neighbors to avoid overcrowding . The bird reacts the most strongly to the... brightness gradients [35], neural networks [18, 19], and other vision-based methods [6, 26, 33]. For the purposes of this thesis effort, it is assumed that...Once started, however, maneuver waves spread through the flock at a mean speed of less than 15 milliseconds [43]. 2.5.3 Too Perfect. In nature, a bird

  14. Media approach to gender-based violence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mršević Zorica

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The author grounds her research and the latter analysis on continually conducted daily press-clipping of seven main printed daily newspapers and two main electronic media in Serbia, within the three years period (2009 - 2011. An analysis of media reports on gender based violence, with particular focus on the most frequent domestic violence cases within the two years period, 2010 to 2011 is presented. As the best of media reports on gender based violence, the author stressed out its „whistle blower“ role - media are the main source of information on cases, dimensions and forms of gender based violence. Also the worse moments of media reporting in the mentioned period are presented - when the violence was justified or when reality is deformed by presenting these cases as romantic love stories. For example, in 2010 the worst was reporting on the „Pajčin/Kapisoda“ case, while in 2011 it was the „Ponjiger“ case. In the end, the author also warned on the worrysome fact of sudden dissapearance of media reports on partners’ murdering their wives after the last such report published in mid-october 2011, which could mean that now we have a new problem of diminished freedom of media.

  15. Nanotechnology-Based Approach in Tuberculosis Treatment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neyaz, Md. Kausar; Das, Shilpi

    2017-01-01

    Tuberculosis, commonly known as TB, is the second most fatal infectious disease after AIDS, caused by bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Prolonged treatment, high pill burden, low compliance, and stiff administration schedules are factors that are responsible for emergence of MDR and XDR cases of tuberculosis. Till date, only BCG vaccine is available which is ineffective against adult pulmonary TB, which is the most common form of disease. Various unique antibodies have been developed to overcome drug resistance, reduce the treatment regimen, and elevate the compliance to treatment. Therefore, we need an effective and robust system to subdue technological drawbacks and improve the effectiveness of therapeutic drugs which still remains a major challenge for pharmaceutical technology. Nanoparticle-based ideology has shown convincing treatment and promising outcomes for chronic infectious diseases. Different types of nanocarriers have been evaluated as promising drug delivery systems for various administration routes. Controlled and sustained release of drugs is one of the advantages of nanoparticle-based antituberculosis drugs over free drug. It also reduces the dosage frequency and resolves the difficulty of low poor compliance. This paper reviews various nanotechnology-based therapies which can be used for the treatment of TB. PMID:28210505

  16. One Piece Orbitozygomatic Approach Based on the Sphenoid Ridge Keyhole

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Spiriev, Toma; Poulsgaard, Lars; Fugleholm, Kaare

    2016-01-01

    The one-piece orbitozygomatic (OZ) approach is traditionally based on the McCarty keyhole. Here, we present the use of the sphenoid ridge keyhole and its possible advantages as a keyhole for the one-piece OZ approach. Using transillumination technique the osteology of the sphenoid ridge was exami......The one-piece orbitozygomatic (OZ) approach is traditionally based on the McCarty keyhole. Here, we present the use of the sphenoid ridge keyhole and its possible advantages as a keyhole for the one-piece OZ approach. Using transillumination technique the osteology of the sphenoid ridge...

  17. Implications of Humanistic Psychology Management for Kindergarten Teachers%人本主义心理学对幼儿园教师管理的启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丹枫

    2011-01-01

    人本主义心理学是20世纪五六十年代兴起的一种心理学思潮,研究的主题是人的本性及其与社会生活的关系.从人人都有存在和发展的需要出发,认为人人都要发展和完善自己,强调人的尊严和价值,建立起以人为中心的“人本主义”心理学、教育学方法论.人本主义心理学在幼儿园教师管理上的以人为本就是幼儿园管理必须要以师为本,尊重教师,发展教师,切实提高幼儿园管理的有效性.%Humanistic Psychology is a kind of psychological thoughts which is raised in fifties and sixties of the 20th century, and its research theme is human nature and its relationship with social life. Starting from the view that everyone has the need of existence and development, the paper thinks that everyone should develop and improve themselves, emphasize the dignity and worth, and establish people -centered "humanistic" psychology, education methodology. For the management of kindergarten teachers, the people-oriented idea of Humanistic Psychology is that the management of kindergarten must be based on teacher-centered view, respect teachers, develop teacher, and effectively improve the effectiveness of nursery management.

  18. A New Text Location Approach Based Wavelet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Weihua Li; Zhen Fang; Shuozhong Wang

    2002-01-01

    With the advancement of content-based retrieval technology, the importance of semantics for text information contained in images attracts many researchers. An algorithm which will automatically locate the textual regions in the input image will facilitate the retrieving task, and the optical character recognizer can then be applied to only those regions of the image which contain text. In this paper a new text location method is described, which can be used to locate textual regions from complex image and video frame. Experimental results show that the textual regions in image can be located effectively and quickly.

  19. Workflow-based approaches to neuroimaging analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fissell, Kate

    2007-01-01

    Analysis of functional and structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) brain images requires a complex sequence of data processing steps to proceed from raw image data to the final statistical tests. Neuroimaging researchers have begun to apply workflow-based computing techniques to automate data analysis tasks. This chapter discusses eight major components of workflow management systems (WFMSs): the workflow description language, editor, task modules, data access, verification, client, engine, and provenance, and their implementation in the Fiswidgets neuroimaging workflow system. Neuroinformatics challenges involved in applying workflow techniques in the domain of neuroimaging are discussed.

  20. Study of the effect of humanistic nursing care model wards in Children Caring Ward School on the nurses' caring ability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiao He

    2016-03-01

    Conclusions: The humanistic nursing care model wards in CCWS has a positive effect on the nurses' caring ability, not only to help build great relationships between nurses and patients but also to enhance the patients' satisfaction.

  1. The Role of Organizational Humanistic Social Support in Decreasing the Interference of Work Problems on Employees’ Family Conflict

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azman Ismail

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Despite an increased interest in humanistic touch in global organizational support, the nature of helping processes rendered by supervisor and coworkers is still vague. The study was performed to examine the relationship between organizational humanistic social support and work interference with family conflict using 100 usable questionnaires gathered from academic staff in a Malaysian public institution of higher learning in Borneo. The findings of SmartPLS path model indicated that humanistic touch in term of supervisory support significantly correlated with work interference with family conflict. Similarly, humanistic touch of coworker support significantly correlated with work interference with family conflict. This result shows that the readiness of supervisors and coworkers to amply offer material and moral support in performing task have reduced the intrusion of work problems in employees’ family affairs and enriched their skills to decrease family conflicts. In addition, discussion, implications and conclusion are elaborated.

  2. Ethics education for health professionals: a values based approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Godbold, Rosemary; Lees, Amanda

    2013-11-01

    It is now widely accepted that ethics is an essential part of educating health professionals. Despite a clear mandate to educators, there are differing approaches, in particular, how and where ethics is positioned in training programmes, underpinning philosophies and optimal modes of assessment. This paper explores varying practices and argues for a values based approach to ethics education. It then explores the possibility of using a web-based technology, the Values Exchange, to facilitate a values based approach. It uses the findings of a small scale study to signal the potential of the Values Exchange for engaging, meaningful and applied ethics education.

  3. Ameliorated GA approach for base station planning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Andong; Sun, Hongyue; Wu, Xiaomin

    2011-10-01

    In this paper, we aim at locating base station (BS) rationally to satisfy the most customs by using the least BSs. An ameliorated GA is proposed to search for the optimum solution. In the algorithm, we mesh the area to be planned according to least overlap length derived from coverage radius, bring into isometric grid encoding method to represent BS distribution as well as its number and develop select, crossover and mutation operators to serve our unique necessity. We also construct our comprehensive object function after synthesizing coverage ratio, overlap ratio, population and geographical conditions. Finally, after importing an electronic map of the area to be planned, a recommended strategy draft would be exported correspondingly. We eventually import HongKong, China to simulate and yield a satisfactory solution.

  4. An Event Based Approach To Situational Representation

    CERN Document Server

    Ashish, Naveen; Mehrotra, Sharad; Venkatasubramanian, Nalini

    2009-01-01

    Many application domains require representing interrelated real-world activities and/or evolving physical phenomena. In the crisis response domain, for instance, one may be interested in representing the state of the unfolding crisis (e.g., forest fire), the progress of the response activities such as evacuation and traffic control, and the state of the crisis site(s). Such a situation representation can then be used to support a multitude of applications including situation monitoring, analysis, and planning. In this paper, we make a case for an event based representation of situations where events are defined to be domain-specific significant occurrences in space and time. We argue that events offer a unifying and powerful abstraction to building situational awareness applications. We identify challenges in building an Event Management System (EMS) for which traditional data and knowledge management systems prove to be limited and suggest possible directions and technologies to address the challenges.

  5. Dictionary based Approach to Edge Detection

    CERN Document Server

    Chandra, Nitish

    2015-01-01

    Edge detection is a very essential part of image processing, as quality and accuracy of detection determines the success of further processing. We have developed a new self learning technique for edge detection using dictionary comprised of eigenfilters constructed using features of the input image. The dictionary based method eliminates the need of pre or post processing of the image and accounts for noise, blurriness, class of image and variation of illumination during the detection process itself. Since, this method depends on the characteristics of the image, the new technique can detect edges more accurately and capture greater detail than existing algorithms such as Sobel, Prewitt Laplacian of Gaussian, Canny method etc which use generic filters and operators. We have demonstrated its application on various classes of images such as text, face, barcodes, traffic and cell images. An application of this technique to cell counting in a microscopic image is also presented.

  6. Similarity-Based Approaches to Natural Language Processing

    CERN Document Server

    Lee, L

    1997-01-01

    This thesis presents two similarity-based approaches to sparse data problems. The first approach is to build soft, hierarchical clusters: soft, because each event belongs to each cluster with some probability; hierarchical, because cluster centroids are iteratively split to model finer distinctions. Our second approach is a nearest-neighbor approach: instead of calculating a centroid for each class, as in the hierarchical clustering approach, we in essence build a cluster around each word. We compare several such nearest-neighbor approaches on a word sense disambiguation task and find that as a whole, their performance is far superior to that of standard methods. In another set of experiments, we show that using estimation techniques based on the nearest-neighbor model enables us to achieve perplexity reductions of more than 20 percent over standard techniques in the prediction of low-frequency events, and statistically significant speech recognition error-rate reduction.

  7. [Management of large marine ecosystem based on ecosystem approach].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chu, Jian-song

    2011-09-01

    Large marine ecosystem (LME) is a large area of ocean characterized by distinct oceanology and ecology. Its natural characteristics require management based on ecosystem approach. A series of international treaties and regulations definitely or indirectly support that it should adopt ecosystem approach to manage LME to achieve the sustainable utilization of marine resources. In practices, some countries such as Canada, Australia, and U.S.A. have adopted ecosystem-based approach to manage their oceans, and some international organizations such as global environment fund committee have carried out a number of LME programs based on ecosystem approach. Aiming at the sustainable development of their fisheries, the regional organizations such as Caribbean Community have established regional fisheries mechanism. However, the adoption of ecosystem approach to manage LME is not only a scientific and legal issue, but also a political matter largely depending on the political will and the mutual cooperation degree of related countries.

  8. Information theory based approaches to cellular signaling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waltermann, Christian; Klipp, Edda

    2011-10-01

    Cells interact with their environment and they have to react adequately to internal and external changes such changes in nutrient composition, physical properties like temperature or osmolarity and other stresses. More specifically, they must be able to evaluate whether the external change is significant or just in the range of noise. Based on multiple external parameters they have to compute an optimal response. Cellular signaling pathways are considered as the major means of information perception and transmission in cells. Here, we review different attempts to quantify information processing on the level of individual cells. We refer to Shannon entropy, mutual information, and informal measures of signaling pathway cross-talk and specificity. Information theory in systems biology has been successfully applied to identification of optimal pathway structures, mutual information and entropy as system response in sensitivity analysis, and quantification of input and output information. While the study of information transmission within the framework of information theory in technical systems is an advanced field with high impact in engineering and telecommunication, its application to biological objects and processes is still restricted to specific fields such as neuroscience, structural and molecular biology. However, in systems biology dealing with a holistic understanding of biochemical systems and cellular signaling only recently a number of examples for the application of information theory have emerged. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled Systems Biology of Microorganisms. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  9. Enuresis in children: a case based approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baird, Drew C; Seehusen, Dean A; Bode, David V

    2014-10-15

    Enuresis is defined as intermittent urinary incontinence during sleep in a child at least five years of age. Approximately 5% to 10% of all seven-year-olds have enuresis, and an estimated 5 to 7 million children in the United States have enuresis. The pathophysiology of primary nocturnal enuresis involves the inability to awaken from sleep in response to a full bladder, coupled with excessive nighttime urine production or a decreased functional capacity of the bladder. Initial evaluation should include a history, physical examination, and urinalysis. Several conditions, such as constipation, obstructive sleep apnea, diabetes mellitus, diabetes insipidus, chronic kidney disease, and psychiatric disorders, are associated with enuresis. If identified, these conditions should be evaluated and treated. Treatment of primary monosymptomatic enuresis (i.e., the only symptom is nocturnal bed-wetting in a child who has never been dry) begins with counseling the child and parents on effective behavioral modifications. First-line treatments for enuresis include bed alarm therapy and desmopressin. The choice of therapy is based on the child's age and nighttime voiding patterns, and the desires of the child and family. Referral to a pediatric urologist is indicated for children with primary enuresis refractory to standard and combination therapies, and for children with some secondary causes of enuresis, including urinary tract malformations, recurrent urinary tract infections, or neurologic disorders.

  10. Cognitive neuroscience of creativity: EEG based approaches.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Srinivasan, Narayanan

    2007-05-01

    Cognitive neuroscience of creativity has been extensively studied using non-invasive electrical recordings from the scalp called electroencephalograms (EEGs) and event related potentials (ERPs). The paper discusses major aspects of performing research using EEG/ERP based experiments including the recording of the signals, removing noise, estimating ERP signals, and signal analysis for better understanding of the neural correlates of processes involved in creativity. Important factors to be kept in mind to record clean EEG signal in creativity research are discussed. The recorded EEG signal can be corrupted by various sources of noise and methodologies to handle the presence of unwanted artifacts and filtering noise are presented followed by methods to estimate ERPs from the EEG signals from multiple trials. The EEG and ERP signals are further analyzed using various techniques including spectral analysis, coherence analysis, and non-linear signal analysis. These analysis techniques provide a way to understand the spatial activations and temporal development of large scale electrical activity in the brain during creative tasks. The use of this methodology will further enhance our understanding the processes neural and cognitive processes involved in creativity.

  11. On the contemporary African experience: Towards a humanistic mode of philosophy for Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ukpokolo Isaac E.

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available There is no doubt that Africa today is confronted with many economic, political, social, and developmental problems. The big question and the basic challenge is therefore how best we can tackle these problems especially as we begin and forge ahead in the third millennium. This paper attempts to elucidate a fundamental role that philosophy can play in this regard. It holds that philosophy, as a discipline in the humanities, can help shape fresh ideas that are humanistic in nature in the sense that they encourage free enquiry and social agreement which are vital pillars for a fair and prosperous society; for a society without such genuine humanistic values will show many of the symptoms which are present in contemporary African societies.

  12. Application Experience of Humanistic Concern in Pediatric Nursing%人文关怀在儿科护理中的应用体会

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王小霞

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨人文关怀在儿科临床护理工作中的应用体会。方法:结合当今医疗护理工作中“以人为本”的新理念,分析和探讨儿科临床护理工作中的人文关怀服务。结果:人文关怀服务促使儿科患者及其家属在临床护理工作中感受到温暖、关怀和信任,同时也促使护理人员感受到被尊重、信任和温暖,符合“以人为本,用心服务”的新理念要求。结论:人文关怀服务在儿科临床护理实践中的实施,能为患者及其家属营造和谐的环境,促进患者配合和家属认可,并建立起良好的护患关系,减轻护理人员工作、心理负担,提高临床护理工作的整体服务水平和质量。%Objective: To investigate the application of humanistic care in pediatric nursing. Methods: Based on the new concept of Human-oriented in the work of medical nursing, the humanistic care in pediatric clinical nursing is analyzed and discussed. Results: The humanistic solicitude service prompted pediatric patients and their families feel warm, caring, and trust in the clinical nursing work, but also to promote the nursing staff to feel respected, trust and warm in line with the requirements of the new concept of Human- oriented and considerate services. Conclusion: Implementation of humanistic care in pediatric clinical nursing practice, for patients and their families to create harmonious environment, promote the cooperation of patients and their families recognition and establish a good nursing patient relationship, reduce the nursing work and psychological burden, improve the overall service level and quality of the clinical nursing work.

  13. Content-based, Task-based, and Participatory Approaches (I)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Diane Larsen-Freeman

    2012-01-01

    1. Introduction In this chapter we will be investigating three more approaches that make communication central: content-based instruction, task-based instruction, and the participatory approach. The approaches we examine in this chapter do not begin with functions, or approaches we examine in this chapter don't begin with functions, or indeed, any other language items. Instead, they give priority to process over predetermined linguistic content. In these approaches rather than "learning to use English",

  14. Poverty reduction Approaches in Kenya: Assessing the Usefulness of the Right Based Approach in Kenya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wambua Leonard Munyao, Ph.D

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available While billions of dollars have been spent in development projects in least developed countries, poverty continues to increase. This study proposes human-rights based approach to poverty eradication. To this end, the study seeks to assess the key determinants of use of rights- based approaches to poverty reduction and it’s usefulness in Kenya with special reference to NGOs in Kibera. The study further high lights some of the basic skills of implementing the rights based approach to poverty reduction. The attempts to establish the proportion of NGOs applying rights based approach to poverty reduction in Kibera Division as well. The review of relevant literature has been undertaken and a field study done. The study is informed by a qualitative human rights framework.

  15. Simulation-Based Constructivist Approach for Education Leaders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shapira-Lishchinsky, Orly

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to reflect the leadership strategies that may arise using a constructivist approach based on organizational learning. This approach involved the use of simulations that focused on ethical tensions in school principals' daily experiences, and the development of codes of ethical conduct to reduce these tensions. The…

  16. A Semantics-Based Approach to Retrieving Biomedical Information

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andreasen, Troels; Bulskov, Henrik; Zambach, Sine

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes an approach to representing, organising, and accessing conceptual content of biomedical texts using a formal ontology. The ontology is based on UMLS resources supplemented with domain ontologies developed in the project. The approach introduces the notion of ‘generative...

  17. Andrés Laguna: a great medical humanist (1499-1559).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kousoulis, Antonis A; Karamanou, Marianna; Androutsos, George

    2011-01-01

    Andrés Laguna, a Spanish humanist physician of the 16th century, occupies an important position in the history of medicine. An illustrious and brilliant mind, pioneer of anatomy and urology, Laguna proved to be a true pacifist and humanitarian with his knowledge standards and his political eloquence. He deserves to be remembered today as the perfect example of the Renaissance men, a true Homo Universalis.

  18. College students with social and humanistic consciousness: The case Team-UNA

    OpenAIRE

    Barrantes-Elizondo, Lena

    2016-01-01

    The main objective of Team-UNA outreach project aims at promoting the participation of students in the English Teaching Major as tutors for high schoolers in public institutions in their community. Through this project, the Brunca extension intends to accomplish a social and humanistic university education to future professionals that may satisfy some of the region’s development needs. This experience provides university students with concrete learning tools since they are placed under real e...

  19. Emphasizing humanities in medical education: Promoting the integration of medical scientific spirit and medical humanistic spirit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Peipei; Tang, Wei

    2017-05-23

    In the era of the biological-psychological-social medicine model, an ideal of modern medicine is to enhance the humanities in medical education, to foster medical talents with humanistic spirit, and to promote the integration of scientific spirit and humanistic spirit in medicine. Throughout the United States (US), United Kingdom (UK), other Western countries, and some Asian countries like Japan, many medical universities have already integrated the learning of medical humanities in their curricula and recognized their value. While in China, although medical education reform over the past decade has emphasized the topic of medical humanities to increase the professionalism of future physicians, the integration of medical humanity courses in medical universities has lagged behind the pace in Western countries. In addition, current courses in medical humanities were arbitrarily established due to a lack of organizational independence. For various reasons like a shortage of instructors, medical universities have failed to pay sufficient attention to medical humanities education given the urgent needs of society. The medical problems in contemporary Chinese society are not solely the purview of biomedical technology; what matters more is enhancing the humanities in medical education and fostering medical talents with humanistic spirit. Emphasizing the humanities in medical education and promoting the integration of medical scientific spirit and medical humanistic spirit have become one of the most pressing issues China must address. Greater attention should be paid to reasonable integration of humanities into the medical curriculum, creation of medical courses related to humanities and optimization of the curriculum, and actively allocating abundant teaching resources and exploring better methods of instruction.

  20. Emotion Detection on Twitter Data using Knowledge Base Approach

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Srinivasu Badugu; Matla Suhasini

    2017-01-01

    ... will help us better to interpret millions of individuals. This paper describes a Rule Based approach, which detects the emotion or mood of the tweet and classifies the twitter message under appropriate emotional category...

  1. A New Detection Approach Based on the Maximum Entropy Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DONG Xiaomei; XIANG Guang; YU Ge; LI Xiaohua

    2006-01-01

    The maximum entropy model was introduced and a new intrusion detection approach based on the maximum entropy model was proposed. The vector space model was adopted for data presentation. The minimal entropy partitioning method was utilized for attribute discretization. Experiments on the KDD CUP 1999 standard data set were designed and the experimental results were shown. The receiver operating characteristic(ROC) curve analysis approach was utilized to analyze the experimental results. The analysis results show that the proposed approach is comparable to those based on support vector machine(SVM) and outperforms those based on C4.5 and Naive Bayes classifiers. According to the overall evaluation result, the proposed approach is a little better than those based on SVM.

  2. Stochastic learning and optimization a sensitivity-based approach

    CERN Document Server

    Cao, Xi-Ren

    2007-01-01

    Performance optimization is vital in the design and operation of modern engineering systems. This book provides a unified framework based on a sensitivity point of view. It introduces new approaches and proposes new research topics.

  3. Pattern-based approach for logical traffic isolation forensic modelling

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Dlamini, I

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available The use of design patterns usually changes the approach of software design and makes software development relatively easy. This paper extends work on a forensic model for Logical Traffic Isolation (LTI) based on Differentiated Services (Diff...

  4. An improved Hough transform-based fingerprint alignment approach

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Mlambo, CS

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available An improved Hough Transform based fingerprint alignment approach is presented, which improves computing time and memory usage with accurate alignment parameter (rotation and translation) results. This is achieved by studying the strengths...

  5. Model Construct Based Enterprise Model Architecture and Its Modeling Approach

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    In order to support enterprise integration, a kind of model construct based enterprise model architecture and its modeling approach are studied in this paper. First, the structural makeup and internal relationships of enterprise model architecture are discussed. Then, the concept of reusable model construct (MC) which belongs to the control view and can help to derive other views is proposed. The modeling approach based on model construct consists of three steps, reference model architecture synthesis, enterprise model customization, system design and implementation. According to MC based modeling approach a case study with the background of one-kind-product machinery manufacturing enterprises is illustrated. It is shown that proposal model construct based enterprise model architecture and modeling approach are practical and efficient.

  6. Evaluating a Focus-Based Approach to Anaphora Resolution

    CERN Document Server

    Azzam, S; Gaizauskas, R J; Azzam, Saliha; Humphreys, Kevin; Gaizauskas, Robert

    1998-01-01

    We present an approach to anaphora resolution based on a focusing algorithm, and implemented within an existing MUC (Message Understanding Conference) Information Extraction system, allowing quantitative evaluation against a substantial corpus of annotated real-world texts. Extensions to the basic focusing mechanism can be easily tested, resulting in refinements to the mechanism and resolution rules. Results are compared with the results of a simpler heuristic-based approach.

  7. An ecosystem-based fisheries assessment and forecasting approach

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Chang Ik

    2009-01-01

    A comprehensive ecosystem-based approach is required to holistically assess, forecast and manage fisheries resources and their associated habitats by considering ecological interactions of target species with predators, competitors, and prey species, interactions between fishes and their habitats, and the effects of fishing on these processes. A pragmatic ecosystem-based approach was developed for the assessment of fisheries resources involving three management objectives: sustainability, bio...

  8. A Cell-Based Approach to Early Pancreatic Cancer Detection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-01

    Award Number: W81XWH-15-1-0457 TITLE: A Cell-Based Approach to Early Pancreatic Cancer Detection PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: Dr. Ben Stanger...SUBTITLE 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER A Cell-Based Approach to Early Pancreatic Cancer Detection 5b. GRANT NUMBER W81XWH-15-1-0457 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6...pancreatic cancer patients. 15. SUBJECT TERMS Pancreatic cancer , metastasis, circulating tumor cells 16. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: U 17. LIMITATION

  9. A Programmable Approach to Maintenance of a Finite Knowledge Base

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LUAN ShangMin(栾尚敏); DAI GuoZhong(戴国忠); LI Wei(李未)

    2003-01-01

    In this paper, we present a programmable method of revising a finite clause set. We first present a procedure whose formal parameters are a consistent clause set Γ and a clause A and whose output is a set of minimal subsets of Γ which are inconsistent with A. The maximal consistent subsets can be generated from all minimal inconsistent subsets. We develop a prototype system based on the above procedure, and discuss the implementation of knowledge base maintenance. At last, we compare the approach presented in this paper with other related approaches. The main characteristic of the approach is that it can be implemented by a computer program.

  10. Content-based, Task-based, and Participatory Approaches (II)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Diane Larsen-Freeman

    2012-01-01

    4. Participatory Approach Although it originated in the early sixties with the work of Paulo Freire, and therefore antedates modern versions of content-based and task-based approaches, it was not until the 1980s that the participatory approach started being widely discussed in the language teaching literature.

  11. Integrating Ontological Data Sources Using Viewpoints-Based Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bouchra Boulkroun

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Within the development of Internet and intranets, information integration from various data sources becomes increasingly important and more challenging issue. Recently, the trend in data integration has favored the semantic integration using ontologies. However, the existing ontology-based approaches do not support the aspect of data multi-representations, which is important in the development of multi-user applications. The motivation of this paper is to address a novel semantic integration approach based on ontologies and viewpoints paradigms. This contribution combines the advantages of existing ontology-based integration approaches while avoiding their drawbacks. The proposed integration approach is evaluated using query processing. Profiles are introduced to offer answers to users according to their viewpoints and choices.

  12. Local fractal dimension based approaches for colonic polyp classification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Häfner, Michael; Tamaki, Toru; Tanaka, Shinji; Uhl, Andreas; Wimmer, Georg; Yoshida, Shigeto

    2015-12-01

    This work introduces texture analysis methods that are based on computing the local fractal dimension (LFD; or also called the local density function) and applies them for colonic polyp classification. The methods are tested on 8 HD-endoscopic image databases, where each database is acquired using different imaging modalities (Pentax's i-Scan technology combined with or without staining the mucosa) and on a zoom-endoscopic image database using narrow band imaging. In this paper, we present three novel extensions to a LFD based approach. These extensions additionally extract shape and/or gradient information of the image to enhance the discriminativity of the original approach. To compare the results of the LFD based approaches with the results of other approaches, five state of the art approaches for colonic polyp classification are applied to the employed databases. Experiments show that LFD based approaches are well suited for colonic polyp classification, especially the three proposed extensions. The three proposed extensions are the best performing methods or at least among the best performing methods for each of the employed databases. The methods are additionally tested by means of a public texture image database, the UIUCtex database. With this database, the viewpoint invariance of the methods is assessed, an important features for the employed endoscopic image databases. Results imply that most of the LFD based methods are more viewpoint invariant than the other methods. However, the shape, size and orientation adapted LFD approaches (which are especially designed to enhance the viewpoint invariance) are in general not more viewpoint invariant than the other LFD based approaches.

  13. A Comparison of Filter-based Approaches for Model-based Prognostics

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Model-based prognostics approaches use domain knowledge about a system and its failure modes through the use of physics-based models. Model-based prognosis is...

  14. Knowledge-based biomedical word sense disambiguation: comparison of approaches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aronson Alan R

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Word sense disambiguation (WSD algorithms attempt to select the proper sense of ambiguous terms in text. Resources like the UMLS provide a reference thesaurus to be used to annotate the biomedical literature. Statistical learning approaches have produced good results, but the size of the UMLS makes the production of training data infeasible to cover all the domain. Methods We present research on existing WSD approaches based on knowledge bases, which complement the studies performed on statistical learning. We compare four approaches which rely on the UMLS Metathesaurus as the source of knowledge. The first approach compares the overlap of the context of the ambiguous word to the candidate senses based on a representation built out of the definitions, synonyms and related terms. The second approach collects training data for each of the candidate senses to perform WSD based on queries built using monosemous synonyms and related terms. These queries are used to retrieve MEDLINE citations. Then, a machine learning approach is trained on this corpus. The third approach is a graph-based method which exploits the structure of the Metathesaurus network of relations to perform unsupervised WSD. This approach ranks nodes in the graph according to their relative structural importance. The last approach uses the semantic types assigned to the concepts in the Metathesaurus to perform WSD. The context of the ambiguous word and semantic types of the candidate concepts are mapped to Journal Descriptors. These mappings are compared to decide among the candidate concepts. Results are provided estimating accuracy of the different methods on the WSD test collection available from the NLM. Conclusions We have found that the last approach achieves better results compared to the other methods. The graph-based approach, using the structure of the Metathesaurus network to estimate the relevance of the Metathesaurus concepts, does not perform well

  15. A SEMINAR-DISCUSSION-BASED APPROACH TOWARD LINGUISTICS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郎勇

    2002-01-01

    In this article, based on the experience of many years of teaching Linguistics courses to undergraduates, postgraduates and in-service teacher trainees, we argue that taking a seminar-discussion-based approach is a better way to achieve students' full involvement and understanding.

  16. Assessing a New Approach to Class-Based Affirmative Action

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaertner, Matthew N.

    2011-01-01

    In November, 2008, Colorado and Nebraska voted on amendments that sought to end race-based affirmative action at public universities. In anticipation of the vote, Colorado's flagship public institution--The University of Colorado at Boulder (CU)--explored statistical approaches to support class-based affirmative action. This paper details CU's…

  17. Integration of Task-Based Approaches in a TESOL Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chien, Chin-Wen

    2014-01-01

    Under task-based language teaching (TBLT), language learners engage in purposeful, problem-oriented, and outcome-driven tasks that are comparable to real-world activities. This qualitative case study discusses the integration of a task-based approach into a TESOL course in a language teacher education program in Taiwan with regard to 39…

  18. Component-Based Approach in Learning Management System Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaitseva, Larisa; Bule, Jekaterina; Makarov, Sergey

    2013-01-01

    The paper describes component-based approach (CBA) for learning management system development. Learning object as components of e-learning courses and their metadata is considered. The architecture of learning management system based on CBA being developed in Riga Technical University, namely its architecture, elements and possibilities are…

  19. Implementing Project Based Learning Approach to Graphic Design Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riyanti, Menul Teguh; Erwin, Tuti Nuriah; Suriani, S. H.

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to develop a learning model based Commercial Graphic Design Drafting project-based learning approach, was chosen as a strategy in the learning product development research. University students as the target audience of this model are the students of the fifth semester Visual Communications Design Studies Program…

  20. System identification based approach to dynamic weighing revisited

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niedźwiecki, Maciej; Meller, Michał; Pietrzak, Przemysław

    2016-12-01

    Dynamic weighing, i.e., weighing of objects in motion, without stopping them on the weighing platform, allows one to increase the rate of operation of automatic weighing systems, used in industrial production processes, without compromising their accuracy. Since the classical identification-based approach to dynamic weighing, based on the second-order mass-spring-damper model of the weighing system, does not yield satisfactory results when applied to conveyor belt type checkweighers, several extensions of this technique are examined. Experiments confirm that when appropriately modified the identification-based approach becomes a reliable tool for dynamic mass measurement in checkweighers.

  1. 工程项目管理中的人文管理与团队协作%Humanistic management and team collaboration in project management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    傅秀萍

    2015-01-01

    Based on the Hongkong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge island& tunnel project construction, we discussed the role of the humanistic management in cultivating team spirit. Through management innovation, we integrated into modern humanistic management elements, to improve all the builders’ overall quality and thought behavior standard, to achieve the team collaboration, complementary advantages, cohesion force, constantly improve the quality of construction, and realize the goal of engineering construction.%以港珠澳大桥岛隧工程建设为背景,论述人文管理在培育团队精神方面的作用,旨在通过创新管理,融入现代化人本管理元素,不断提升全体建设者综合素质和思想行为标准,实现团队协作,优势互补,凝聚合力,不断提升建设品质,实现工程建设目标。

  2. On Education of Humanistic Quality among Students of Foreign Languages%外语类大学生人文素质教育探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈白璧

    2015-01-01

    Proceeding with the core concept of humanity, this paper sets forth the necessity of strengthening humanistic quality for stu-dents of foreign languages and comes up with suggestions and measures in this regard based on current issues concerning the education of humanistic quality among students of foreign languages with a purpose of exchanging views with counterparts of education and teaching circles of foreign languages.%本文从“人文”这一核心概念入手,阐述了加强外语类大学生人文素质教育的必要性,并就目前高等院校外语类大学生的人文素质教育中存在的一些问题,提出全面加强外语类大学生人文素质的若干建议措施,以期与高校同行、外语专业教育教学工作者共同交流探讨。

  3. Configuração triádica, humanista-existencial-personalista: uma abordagem teórica-metodológica de aplicação nas pesquisas de enfermagem psiquiátrica e saúde mental Configuración triádica, humanista-existencial-personalista: un abordaje teórico-metodológico de aplicación en las investigaciones de enfermería psiquiátrica y de salud mental The triad, humanist-existencial-personalism: a theoretical approach-Research methodology in psychiatric nursing and mental health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edna Paciência Vietta

    1995-01-01

    Full Text Available A autora buscou estabelecer uma linha de pesquisa fundamentada em um referencial teórico-metodológico adequado a investigação qualitativa para a área da Enfermagem psiquiátrica e Saúde Mental. Para tal, apreendeu aspectos das filosofias Humanistas, Existencial e do Personalismo integrando-as numa perspectiva única. No intuito de assegurar o rigor científico das pesquisas, neste referencial, explicitou o processo de categorização a ser adotado nesta modalidade de investigação.La autora buscó establecer una línea de investigación fundamentada en el elemento de referencia teórico metodológico, adecuado a investigaciones cualitativas para el área de la nfermería psiquiátrica y de Salud Mental. Para tanto utilizó aspectos de las filosofías Humanistas, Existencial y del Personalismo integrándolas en una perspectiva única. Con la intención de asegurar el rigor científico de las investigaciones en este elemento de referencia,fue explicado el proceso de categorización a ser adoptado en esta modalidad de investigación.The author establishes a research line based on a theoretical-methodological referential for the qualitative investigation of psychiatric nursing and mental health. Aspects of humanist and existential philosophies and personalism were evaluated, integrating them in a unique perspective. In order to maintain the scientific method of research in this referential the categorization process which will be adopted in this kind of investigation was explained.

  4. 医学人文关怀的基本内涵%On the Essential Content of Medical Humanistic Care

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李怀东

    2012-01-01

    Medical humanistic care is one of essential criteria of a qualified doctor with the basic principles. This requires the doctor to practice the exceeding care, philanthropy, ultimate goodness, ultimate beauty, cautious action of medical humanistic care. Among them, to bring into effect exceeding care of medical humanistic care is a basal practice target, philanthropy of medical humanistic care is a basal pursuit, ultimate goodness of medical humanistic care is concrete manifestation, ultimate beauty of medical humanistic care is high level of practice desire, cautious action of medical humanistic care is essential practice action. They should be reflected in every step, every detail and every aspect of the clinical work.%医学人文关怀是医务工作者必备的基本素养.它不仅要求医务工作者运用知识、技能诊疗疾病,而且要求医务工作者给予患者广泛而精细的人文关怀.这就要求医者践行关爱、博爱、至善、至关、慎行的医学人文关怀.其中,关爱是医学人文关怀最基本的要求;博爱是医学人文关怀的追求;至善是医学人文关怀具体的体现;至美是医学人文关怀高层次的要求:慎行是医学人文关怀必备的行为.关爱、博爱、至善、至美、慎行应该体现在临床工作中的每一个步骤、每一个环节以至每一个细节.

  5. A Brief Introduction of Task-based Approach

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丹

    2012-01-01

    The task-based language teaching approach is one of the syllabus models that have been proposed in the last twenty years or so. Task-based syllabus represent a particular realization of communicative language teaching. Task-based teaching/learning helps develop students’ communicative competence, enabling them to communicate effectively in real communicating world and engage in interaction. The most active element in the process of the task-based teaching is the learner’ creativity. By exploiting this kind of creativity, learning can be made significantly more efficient and more interesting. It is well-known that the task-based teaching/learning have a rich potential for promoting successful second language learning than the traditional teaching/learning. Task-based approach is reflected not only in China but also in some other countries, such as America, Canada, Singapore, Hong Kong and son on.

  6. An Integrated Approach for Creating Service-Based Interactive Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feldmann, Marius; Janeiro, Jordan; Nestler, Tobias; Hübsch, Gerald; Jugel, Uwe; Preussner, André; Schill, Alexander

    While the implementation of business logic and business processes based on service-oriented architectures is well-understood and covered by existing development approaches, integrated concepts that empower users to exploit the Internet of Services to create complex interactive applications are missing. In this paper, we present an integrated approach that fills this gap. Our approach builds upon service annotations that add meta-information related to user interface generation, service dependencies, and service composition to existing service descriptions. Services can be composed visually to complex interactive applications based on these annotations without the need to write any code. The application code is generated completely from the service composition description. Our approach is able to support heterogeneous target environments ranging from client/server architectures to mobile platforms.

  7. Analysis of Kernel Approach in Fuzzy-Based Image Classifications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mragank Singhal

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a framework of kernel approach in the field of fuzzy based image classification in remote sensing. The goal of image classification is to separate images according to their visual content into two or more disjoint classes. Fuzzy logic is relatively young theory. Major advantage of this theory is that it allows the natural description, in linguistic terms, of problems that should be solved rather than in terms of relationships between precise numerical values. This paper describes how remote sensing data with uncertainty are handled with fuzzy based classification using Kernel approach for land use/land cover maps generation. The introduction to fuzzification using Kernel approach provides the basis for the development of more robust approaches to the remote sensing classification problem. The kernel explicitly defines a similarity measure between two samples and implicitly represents the mapping of the input space to the feature space.

  8. THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE PROCESS-BASED APPROACH TO MANAGEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Urij V. Lyandau

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This article considers the timeline of the approaches to management of the industrial processes and organizations in general.The Adam Smith’s idea of specialization, the Henry Ford’s conveyor and Frederick Taylor’s scientific approach created functional corporations, in which specialized departments consisted of specialized workers. Such organizational chart was optimized for every department’s tasks, which are necessary to perform.During the life cycle evolution of industrial and then informational ages external conditions of production has changed. In consequence, there was born the necessity to change key factors of the management paradigm. These changes are the transfer from the functional management to the process-based approach. The functional management was the basic type of management in many organizations during the 20th century. Only in the end of 1990 companies started to integrate the process-based approach. This conversion was born cause of special conditions that the informational age created.

  9. 从人文生态角度浅析可持续发展模式%A Brief Analysis on the Model of Sustainable Development from the Perspective of Humanistic Ecology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜丽花

    2015-01-01

    可持续发展是在人类对工业文明进程进行反思的基础上提出并不断发展的社会发展模式,其核心理论思想是人类社会与生态环境的全面协调发展和协同发展,与人文生态基本内涵不谋而合。本文简要介绍了可持续发展的相关概念,从三个方面分析可持续发展观包含的深刻人文生态内涵。探讨了可持续发展与人文生态的关系,最后提出我国在目前状况下,建立人文生态的可持续发展措施。%Sustainable development is a continuously developing social development model put forward based on human beings' reflections on the process of industrial civilization. Its core theo-retical thought is the comprehensively harmonious and coordi-nated development between the human society and ecological environment, which coincides with the basic connotation of hu-manistic ecology. This paper briefly introduces the definitions re-lated to sustainable development and analyzes the profound hu-manistic ecology connotation embodied in sustainable develop-ment. It also explores the relationship between sustainable devel-opment and humanistic ecology, and finally proposes the mea-sures to construct the sustainable development of humanistic e-cology under the current situation of China.

  10. Two approaches to synthesis based on the domain theory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Claus Thorp; Andreasen, Mogens Myrup

    2002-01-01

    . The functional reasoning within each domain and between the domains seems to be ruled by the function-means law (Hubka´s law). On the basis of the domain theory and the function-means law we present two formal approaches to the synthesis of mechanical artefacts, namely a design-process-oriented approach...... and an artefact-oriented approach. The design-process-oriented synthesis approach can be seen as a basic design step for composite mechanical artefacts. The artefact-oriented approach has been utilised for the development of computer-based design support systems.......The domain theory is described in this chapter. By a strict distinction between the structural characteristics and the behavioural properties of a mechanical artefact, each domain, i.e. transformation-, organ-, and part domain, becomes a productive view for design of mechanical artefacts...

  11. An Eavesdropping Detecting Approach Based on Mode-Mode Correlation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XIONG Jin; ZENG Gui-Hua; ZHOU Nan-Run

    2005-01-01

    @@ We find that second-order coherence as well as a Hanbury-Brown-Twiss intensity interferometer may provide an optimal approach for eavesdropping detection in the quantum key distribution based on two-mode squeezed'vacuum states. With this approach, eavesdropping can be easily detected without sacrificing extra secret bits as the test key. In addition, the efficiency of the quantum key distribution protocol is enhanced greatly.

  12. LMI Approach to Observer-based FD Systems Designing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟麦英; 汤兵勇; 丁·史蒂芬·先春

    2001-01-01

    Increasing the robustness to the unknown uncertainty and simultaneously enhancing the sensibility to the faults is one of the important issues considered in the fault detection development. Considering the L2-gain of residual system, this paper deals the observer-based fault detection problem. By using of H∞ control theory,an LMI approach to design fault detection observer is given. A numerical example is used to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach.

  13. A Moving Human Tracking Approach Based on Semantic Interaction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHOU Ning; FANG Bao-hong; SUN Fu-liang

    2007-01-01

    In order to deal with partical occlusion, a semantic interaction based moving human tracking approach is put forward. Firstly human is modeled as moving blobs which are described as blob descriptions. Then moving blobs are updated and verified by projecting these descriptions. The approach exploits improved fast gauss transform and chooses source and target samples to reduce compute cost. Multi-moving human can be tracked simply and part occlusion can be done well.

  14. RESEARCH ON NEGOTIATION-BASED PARTNER SELECTION APPROACH

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    The key problem in the construction of virtual enterprises (VEs) is how to select appropriate partners. The negotiation-based approach is proposed to support partner selection in the construction of VEs . The negotiation model is discussed from three main aspects respectively, i.e., negotiation protocol, negotiation goal and negotiation decision-making model. And the generic mathematical description of the negotiation model is formally presented. Finally, a simple example is used to validate the approach's availability.

  15. 人本管理在新时期医院员工管理中的应用%The Application of Humanistic Management in Hospital Staff Management in New Period

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴修凤

    2011-01-01

    随着医院发展由外延式扩张逐步向内涵式提升的模式转变,人本思想逐渐显示出其在医院管理中的战略作用.本文在对医院人本管理内涵进行阐述的基础上,分析了新时期医院加强员工管理的重要性,并基于医院员工的群体特征提出了人本管理在医院员工管理中的应用策略.%Along with the hospital development model had gradually changed from denotative expansion to connotative ascension, the humanistic thought have gradually showed its strategic role n hospital management.On the basis of expounding the connotation of hospital humanistic management, this paper analyzed the importance of strengthening hospital staff management in new period.And it proposed some application strategy of humanistic management in hospital staff management based on the characteristics of hospital stafF.

  16. A Complemental Approach to Instructional Development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hassan, M. H.

    In its relatively short history, instructional development has been greatly influenced by operant conditioning theory and methodology. This approach has been described by some as simplistic, inhuman, and inflexible. The humanistic approach, on the other hand, focuses on affective, emotional, and intellectual learning experiences. But it seems to…

  17. A Smart Approach for GPT Cryptosystem Based on Rank Codes

    CERN Document Server

    Rashwan, Haitham; Honary, Bahram

    2010-01-01

    The concept of Public- key cryptosystem was innovated by McEliece's cryptosystem. The public key cryptosystem based on rank codes was presented in 1991 by Gabidulin -Paramonov-Trejtakov(GPT). The use of rank codes in cryptographic applications is advantageous since it is practically impossible to utilize combinatoric decoding. This has enabled using public keys of a smaller size. Respective structural attacks against this system were proposed by Gibson and recently by Overbeck. Overbeck's attacks break many versions of the GPT cryptosystem and are turned out to be either polynomial or exponential depending on parameters of the cryptosystem. In this paper, we introduce a new approach, called the Smart approach, which is based on a proper choice of the distortion matrix X. The Smart approach allows for withstanding all known attacks even if the column scrambler matrix P over the base field Fq.

  18. A discrete Lagrangian based direct approach to macroscopic modelling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarkar, Saikat; Nowruzpour, Mohsen; Reddy, J. N.; Srinivasa, A. R.

    2017-01-01

    A direct discrete Lagrangian based approach, designed at a length scale of interest, to characterize the response of a body is proposed. The main idea is to understand the dynamics of a deformable body via a Lagrangian corresponding to a coupled interaction of rigid particles in the reduced dimension. We argue that the usual practice of describing the laws of a deformable body in the continuum limit is redundant, because for most of the practical problems, analytical solutions are not available. Since continuum limit is not taken, the framework automatically relaxes the requirement of differentiability of field variables. The discrete Lagrangian based approach is illustrated by deriving an equivalent of the Euler-Bernoulli beam model. A few test examples are solved, which demonstrate that the derived non-local model predicts lower deflections in comparison to classical Euler-Bernoulli beam solutions. We have also included crack propagation in thin structures for isotropic and anisotropic cases using the Lagrangian based approach.

  19. Mindfulness-based approaches: are they all the same?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiesa, Alberto; Malinowski, Peter

    2011-04-01

    Mindfulness-based approaches are increasingly employed as interventions for treating a variety of psychological, psychiatric and physical problems. Such approaches include ancient Buddhist mindfulness meditations such as Vipassana and Zen meditations, modern group-based standardized meditations, such as mindfulness-based stress reduction and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy, and further psychological interventions, such as dialectical behavioral therapy and acceptance and commitment therapy. We review commonalities and differences of these interventions regarding philosophical background, main techniques, aims, outcomes, neurobiology and psychological mechanisms. In sum, the currently applied mindfulness-based interventions show large differences in the way mindfulness is conceptualized and practiced. The decision to consider such practices as unitary or as distinct phenomena will probably influence the direction of future research.

  20. User-based and Cognitive Approaches to Knowledge Organization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjørland, Birger

    2013-01-01

    In the 1970s and 1980s, forms of user-based and cognitive approaches to knowledge organization came to the forefront as part of the overall development in library and information science and in the broader society. The specific nature of userbased approaches is their basis in the empirical studies......’s PageRank are not based on the empirical studies of users. In knowledge organization, the Book House System is one example of a system based on user studies. In cognitive science the important WordNet database is claimed to be based on psychological research. This article considers such examples....... The role of the user is often confused with the role of subjectivity. Knowledge organization systems cannot be objective and must therefore, by implication, be based on some kind of subjectivity. This subjectivity should, however, be derived from collective views in discourse communities rather than...

  1. An Open Science Approach to Gis-Based Paleoenvironment Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willmes, C.; Becker, D.; Verheul, J.; Yener, Y.; Zickel, M.; Bolten, A.; Bubenzer, O.; Bareth, G.

    2016-06-01

    Paleoenvironmental studies and according information (data) are abundantly published and available in the scientific record. However, GIS-based paleoenvironmental information and datasets are comparably rare. Here, we present an Open Science approach for creating GIS-based data and maps of paleoenvironments, and Open Access publishing them in a web based Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI), for access by the archaeology and paleoenvironment communities. We introduce an approach to gather and create GIS datasets from published non-GIS based facts and information (data), such as analogous maps, textual information or figures in scientific publications. These collected and created geo-datasets and maps are then published, including a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) to facilitate scholarly reuse and citation of the data, in a web based Open Access Research Data Management Infrastructure. The geo-datasets are additionally published in an Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) standards compliant SDI, and available for GIS integration via OGC Open Web Services (OWS).

  2. A Market-Based Approach to Multi-factory Scheduling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vytelingum, Perukrishnen; Rogers, Alex; MacBeth, Douglas K.; Dutta, Partha; Stranjak, Armin; Jennings, Nicholas R.

    In this paper, we report on the design of a novel market-based approach for decentralised scheduling across multiple factories. Specifically, because of the limitations of scheduling in a centralised manner - which requires a center to have complete and perfect information for optimality and the truthful revelation of potentially commercially private preferences to that center - we advocate an informationally decentralised approach that is both agile and dynamic. In particular, this work adopts a market-based approach for decentralised scheduling by considering the different stakeholders representing different factories as self-interested, profit-motivated economic agents that trade resources for the scheduling of jobs. The overall schedule of these jobs is then an emergent behaviour of the strategic interaction of these trading agents bidding for resources in a market based on limited information and their own preferences. Using a simple (zero-intelligence) bidding strategy, we empirically demonstrate that our market-based approach achieves a lower bound efficiency of 84%. This represents a trade-off between a reasonable level of efficiency (compared to a centralised approach) and the desirable benefits of a decentralised solution.

  3. 2009--2010年转地蜂场组织结构与人文素质分析——基于浙江省缙云县80家蜂场的调研%Investigation Report of Organizational Structure and Humanistic Quality of Migratory Apiaries from 2007 to 2008 Based on 80 Apiaries in Jinyun County, Zhejiang Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡元强; 胡福良

    2011-01-01

    对浙江省缙云县2009~2010年80家转地蜂场的组织结构与人文素质进行了调查分析,结果表明:80家转地蜂场全部是一户一家的家庭结构专业化养蜂场。蜂场以2~4人为主,人均养蜂数量为50群,蜂场规模与往年相比有所扩大;蜂农平均年龄为36~37岁,50岁以下分别占93.69%和89.79%;蜂农养蜂工龄平均为12年,与往年基本类似;蜂农文化程度:小学分别占13.06%和9.79%;初中分别占76.58%和81.28%;高中分别占10.36%和8.51%;蜂场订阅蜂业科技刊物分别占82.50%和78.75%;蜂场组织化程度分别为82.50%和78.75%,比往年有所提高。但是,蜂农的小农经济意识根深蒂固,亟待解决。%A survey was carried out to investigate the organizational structure and humanistic quality of 80 migratory apiaries from 2009 to 2010 in Jinyun county, Zhe-jiang province. The result showed that all of the 80 migratory apiaries were specialized apiaries and mutually independent, each consisted of 2-4 people. The average number of colonies one kept was 50, and the apiary size has been expanded compared with previous years. The average age of beekeepers was 36-37, and those under 50 accounted for 93.69% in 2009 and 89.79% in 2010. The average length of service of beekeepers was 12 years, with basically similar to previous years. Beekeepers with primary education level accounted for 13.06% (in 2009) and 9.79% (in 2010), middle school 76.58% (in 2009) and 81.28% (in 2010), and high school 10.36% (in 2009) and 8.51% (in 2010). Apiaries which subscribed technology journals in the field of apiculture accounted for 82.50% (in 2009) and 78.75% (in 2010); Organization degree of these apiaries reached 82.50% (in 2009) and 78.75% (in 2010), which were improved over previous years. However, beekeepers deep-rooted sense of the peas-ant economy, and that is must be

  4. Ellipse Fitting Based Approach for Extended Object Tracking

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Borui Li

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available With the increase of sensors’ resolution, traditional object tracking technology, which ignores object’s physical extension, gradually becomes inappropriate. Extended object tracking (EOT technology is able to obtain more information about the object through jointly estimating both centroid’s dynamic state and physical extension of the object. Random matrix based approach is a promising method for EOT. It uses ellipse/ellipsoid to describe the physical extension of the object. In order to reduce the physical extension estimation error when object maneuvers, the relationship between ellipse/ellipsoid and symmetrical positive definite matrix is analyzed at first. On this basis, ellipse/ellipsoid fitting based approach (EFA for EOT is proposed based on the measurement model and centroid’s dynamic model of random matrix based EOT approach. Simulation results show that EFA is effective. The physical extension estimation error of EFA is lower than those of random matrix based approaches when object maneuvers. Besides, the estimation error of centroid’s dynamic state of EFA is also lower.

  5. Moving Toward a Humanistic Social Studies and History Curricula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher Berg

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Current reflective practices in the social studies are examined in light of how these strategies can add value and meaning to social studies curriculums. Many of these reflective practices were introduced within teacher education programs’ social studies methods courses, to expose pre-service teachers to innovative teaching practices that could be used in the classroom. An ineffective textbook-centered curriculum has dominated education in the United States for over a century. The researchers in this article argue for a new, reflective approach to teaching history and social studies curricula. New pedagogical models are needed to revive an ailing social studies program in the public school system. This article includes a selective examination of some traditional and non-traditional methods for promoting student learning and growth through reflective practices. Those considered in this article include dialogue journals, textbooks, culturally responsive texts (CRT, the Persona Doll Project, mask-making, primary source documents, and co-teaching. Each reflective practice strategy has its merits and could be easily implemented to improve pedagogical practice.

  6. The Process - based Approach in English Writing Class%The Process-based Approach in English Writing Class

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦梅

    2007-01-01

    English writing is gaining high attention and emphasis in our college syllabus. It is a complicated process of written communication. In the process, the four basic skills-speaking, reading, listening and writing are organically integrated together. This paper is about the processbased approach in English writing class and its aim to emphasize the importance of process -based approach to writing. There are four parts in this paper. I start with a brief introduction to the importance of writing. Next, I will introduce my practice in English writing class. Then I will comment on the process approach and then make a little revision.

  7. A multiparameter chaos control method based on OGY approach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Souza de Paula, Aline [Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, COPPE - Department of Mechanical Engineering, 21.941.972 - Rio de Janeiro - RJ, P.O. Box 68.503 (Brazil)], E-mail: alinesp@ufrj.br; Amorim Savi, Marcelo [Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, COPPE - Department of Mechanical Engineering, 21.941.972 - Rio de Janeiro - RJ, P.O. Box 68.503 (Brazil)], E-mail: savi@mecanica.ufrj.br

    2009-05-15

    Chaos control is based on the richness of responses of chaotic behavior and may be understood as the use of tiny perturbations for the stabilization of a UPO embedded in a chaotic attractor. Since one of these UPO can provide better performance than others in a particular situation the use of chaos control can make this kind of behavior to be desirable in a variety of applications. The OGY method is a discrete technique that considers small perturbations promoted in the neighborhood of the desired orbit when the trajectory crosses a specific surface, such as a Poincare section. This contribution proposes a multiparameter semi-continuous method based on OGY approach in order to control chaotic behavior. Two different approaches are possible with this method: coupled approach, where all control parameters influences system dynamics although they are not active; and uncoupled approach that is a particular case where control parameters return to the reference value when they become passive parameters. As an application of the general formulation, it is investigated a two-parameter actuation of a nonlinear pendulum control employing coupled and uncoupled approaches. Analyses are carried out considering signals that are generated by numerical integration of the mathematical model using experimentally identified parameters. Results show that the procedure can be a good alternative for chaos control since it provides a more effective UPO stabilization than the classical single-parameter approach.

  8. The Humanistic, Societal, and Pharmaco-economic Burden of Angioedema

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Longhurst, Hilary; Bygum, Anette

    2016-01-01

    is sought. This has lead to reduced health-seeking behavior and alternative coping strategies, sometimes even denial, in many families, while a minority of HAE-affected patients have become serial emergency room attenders with chronic pain and ongoing requirement for opiate-based painkillers. Both...... on the psychological outcomes is scarce, but the limited information available suggests that access to specialist advice and treatment leads to psychological as well as physical improvement.HAE also has profound effects on individual and family economic output, directly via absenteeism from school or work...

  9. Intelligent Transportation and Evacuation Planning A Modeling-Based Approach

    CERN Document Server

    Naser, Arab

    2012-01-01

    Intelligent Transportation and Evacuation Planning: A Modeling-Based Approach provides a new paradigm for evacuation planning strategies and techniques. Recently, evacuation planning and modeling have increasingly attracted interest among researchers as well as government officials. This interest stems from the recent catastrophic hurricanes and weather-related events that occurred in the southeastern United States (Hurricane Katrina and Rita). The evacuation methods that were in place before and during the hurricanes did not work well and resulted in thousands of deaths. This book offers insights into the methods and techniques that allow for implementing mathematical-based, simulation-based, and integrated optimization and simulation-based engineering approaches for evacuation planning. This book also: Comprehensively discusses the application of mathematical models for evacuation and intelligent transportation modeling Covers advanced methodologies in evacuation modeling and planning Discusses principles a...

  10. User-based and Cognitive Approaches to Knowledge Organization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjørland, Birger

    2013-01-01

    In the 1970s and 1980s, forms of user-based and cognitive approaches to knowledge organization came to the forefront as part of the overall development in library and information science and in the broader society. The specific nature of userbased approaches is their basis in the empirical studies...... of users or the principle that users need to be involved in the construction of knowledge organization systems. It might seem obvious that user-friendly systems should be designed on user studies or user involvement, but extremely successful systems such as Apple’s iPhone, Dialog’s search system and Google......’s PageRank are not based on the empirical studies of users. In knowledge organization, the Book House System is one example of a system based on user studies. In cognitive science the important WordNet database is claimed to be based on psychological research. This article considers such examples...

  11. A behavior based safety approach at a Kuwait research institution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Hemoud, Ali M; Al-Asfoor, May M

    2006-01-01

    Behavior based safety (BBS) initiatives are the current trend toward improving safety performance. This study outlines the framework of the BBS process and summarizes several behavioral safety approaches to accident prevention. Although most of the published research has focused on the improvement of safe behavior in industry, this study is the first to apply the current approach of behavior based safety in a research/educational setting. An experiment conducted at a research institution demonstrated the effectiveness of a well-designed behavior based safety process. A follow-up study indicated that the BBS produced a lasting effect for the experimental group. Results from this study can be the driving force to implement behavior-based safety processes into educational, research, and training organizations.

  12. [Internet-based approaches in the therapy of eating disorders].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fichter, M M; Quadflieg, N; Nisslmüller, K; Lindner, S; Voderholzer, U; Wünsch-Leiteritz, W; Osen, B; Huber, T; Zahn, S; Meermann, R; Irrgang, V; Bleichner, F

    2011-09-01

    Recent technological developments of communication media offer new approaches to diagnostic and therapeutic interactions with patients. One major development is Internet-based primary prevention in vulnerable individuals not yet suffering as well as the development of new therapeutic approaches for affected individuals based on the experiences of guided self-help through CD, DVD or bibliotherapy. The eating disorder literature shows several interesting, partly controlled and randomized, studies on bulimia nervosa, a few studies on binge eating disorder and no studies on anorexia nervosa. As part of the German Eating Disorder Network on Psychotherapy (EDNET) a 9-month Internet-based relapse prevention program for patients with anorexia nervosa after inpatient treatment was evaluated. Conception, first experiences and first results of the Internet-based relapse prevention program for anorexia nervosa are reported.

  13. A New ETL Approach Based on Data Virtualization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭树盛; 袁子牧; 孙傲冰; 岳强

    2015-01-01

    ETL (Extract-Transform-Load) usually includes three phases: extraction, transformation, and loading. In building data warehouse, it plays the role of data injection and is the most time-consuming activity. Thus it is necessary to improve the performance of ETL. In this paper, a new ETL approach, TEL (Transform-Extract-Load) is proposed. The TEL approach applies virtual tables to realize the transformation stage before extraction stage and loading stage, without data staging area or staging database which stores raw data extracted from each of the disparate source data systems. The TEL approach reduces the data transmission load, and improves the performance of query from access layers. Experimental results based on our proposed benchmarks show that the TEL approach is feasible and practical.

  14. MODIFIED VIEW BASED APPROACHES FOR HANDWRITTEN TAMIL CHARACTER RECOGNITION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Sobhana Mari

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Finding simple and efficient features for offline hand written character recognition is still an active area of research. In this work, we propose modified view based feature extraction approaches for the recognition of handwritten Tamil characters. In the first approach, the five views of a normalized and binarized character image viz, top, bottom, left, right and front are extracted. Each view is then divided into 16 equal zones and the total numbers of background pixel in each zone are counted. The 80 values so obtained form a feature vector. In the second approach, the normalized and binaraized character images are divided into 16 equal zones. Five views are extracted from each zone and the total number of background pixel in each view is counted, resulting in 80 feature values. Further the above two approaches are modified by employing thinned images instead of the whole image. The extracted features are classified using SVM, MLP and ELM classifier. The discriminative powers of the proposed approaches are compared with that of four popular feature extraction approaches in character recognition. The feature extraction time and classification performances are also compared. The proposed modified approaches results in high classification performance (95.26% with comparatively less feature extraction time.

  15. Complexity, Networking, & Effects-Based Approaches to Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-06-01

    40 Figure 10. Miller’s Living Systems Model ....................................47 Figure 11. State versus Non- State Living Systems...human organizations and to apply it in an effects-based context. State and non- state living systems The model described above extrapolates quite... STATE LIVING SYSTEMS MODEL 52 Complexity, Networking, and Effects-Based Approaches to Operations The living systems model organizations such as the

  16. Knowledge construction and knowledge sharing: A Wiki-based approach

    OpenAIRE

    Montero Fleta, Maria Begoña; Pérez Sabater, Carmen

    2011-01-01

    The present research, based on constructivist learning paradigms, describes the outcomes of a project which complies with real life projection into the professional world: a Wiki-based approach is devised to construct knowledge, manage own learning and develop communication and linguistic skills in English. The paper aims to analyze the process and product of students¿ contribution to group work. A qualitative analysis reveals the students¿ positive and negative feedback. The stud...

  17. A chaos-based approach for information hiding security

    OpenAIRE

    Bahi, Jacques M.; Guyeux, Christophe

    2010-01-01

    This paper introduces a new framework for data hiding security. Contrary to the existing ones, the approach introduced here is not based on probability theory. In this paper, a scheme is considered as secure if its behavior is proven unpredictable. The objective of this study is to enrich the existing notions of data hiding security with a new rigorous and practicable one. This new definition of security is based on the notion of topological chaos. It could be used to reinforce the confidence...

  18. A Mindfulness-Based Approach to the Treatment of Insomnia

    OpenAIRE

    Ong, Jason; Sholtes, David

    2010-01-01

    Mindfulness meditation has emerged as a novel approach to emotion regulation and stress reduction that has several health benefits. Preliminary work has been conducted on mindfulness-based therapy for insomnia (MBT-I), a meditation-based program for individuals suffering from chronic sleep disturbance. This treatment integrates behavioral treatments for insomnia with the principles and practices of mindfulness meditation. A case illustration of a chronic insomnia sufferer demonstrates the app...

  19. Applying a Problem Based Learning Approach to Land Management Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Enemark, Stig

    -world context. The combination of different disciplines can be taught through a “learning-by-doing approach”. Problem solving skills can be taught through a project-oriented approach to surveying education with a focus on developing skills for “learning to learn”. The basic principles of this educational model...... engineering focus toward adopting an interdisciplinary and problem-based approach to ensure that academic programmes can cope with the wide range of land administration functions and challenges. An interdisciplinary approach to surveying education calls for the need to address issues and problems in a real...... are presented using the surveying programme at Aalborg University as an example. This paper is work in progress and draws from previous research. The paper supports the lecture on Problem Based Learning given at NUST 3 March 2016....

  20. An Efficient Audio Classification Approach Based on Support Vector Machines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lhoucine Bahatti

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available In order to achieve an audio classification aimed to identify the composer, the use of adequate and relevant features is important to improve performance especially when the classification algorithm is based on support vector machines. As opposed to conventional approaches that often use timbral features based on a time-frequency representation of the musical signal using constant window, this paper deals with a new audio classification method which improves the features extraction according the Constant Q Transform (CQT approach and includes original audio features related to the musical context in which the notes appear. The enhancement done by this work is also lay on the proposal of an optimal features selection procedure which combines filter and wrapper strategies. Experimental results show the accuracy and efficiency of the adopted approach in the binary classification as well as in the multi-class classification.

  1. From equation to inequality using a function-based approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verikios, Petros; Farmaki, Vassiliki

    2010-06-01

    This article presents features of a qualitative research study concerning the teaching and learning of school algebra using a function-based approach in a grade 8 class, of 23 students, in 26 lessons, in a state school of Athens, in the school year 2003-2004. In this article, we are interested in the inequality concept and our aim is to investigate if and how our approach could facilitate students to comprehend inequality and to solve problems related to this concept. Data analysis showed that, in order to comprehend the new concept, the students should make a transition from equation to inequality. The role of the situation context proved decisive in this transition and in making sense of involved symbols. Also, students used function representations as problem-solving strategies in problems that included inequalities. However, the extension of the function-based approach in solving an abstract equation or inequality proved problematic for the students.

  2. The Cultural Implications of Negotiation with Italian Enterprises: A Humanistic Education of Elites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Louis BEGIONI

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we propose a reflection on the fundamental differences in the behavior ofFrench and Italian entrepreneurs. The paper focuses on the typically humanistic education ofItalian elites who go through a conventional school where the teaching of Latin, Greek, philosophyand art history usually is crucial. On the contrary, in France, the best students are the ones who gothrough a mainly scientific education in highschool. It has to be observed that school educationbased on classical studies has intercultural consequences on the economic behavior and, inparticular, in the field of trade negotiations.

  3. The solidarization potencies of Buddhist axiological system and humanistic grounding of its priorities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefaniv Maryana Ivanivna

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the analysis of the value system of the Buddhist religion in the context of current globalization trends. The author considers the stereotypes about the confrontation in the parameters “West – East” and offers the alternative view on the model of Buddhist values and its solidarization potencies. The author extrapolates her ideas on the intellectual and practical sense of a famous Buddhist philosopher Daisaku Ikeda. The author emphasizes the importance of a practical way of aesthetic and ethical projects initiated by Ikeda and justifies their humanistic social significance.

  4. Carbon humanism: Freeman Dyson and the looming battle between environmentalists and humanists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schewe, Phillip F.

    2014-07-01

    Freeman Dyson has had a distinguished career as a scientist, but perhaps this notable body of work might be eclipsed in importance by his many writings about society, especially those dealing with the dilemma of how improved living standards can be brought about without despoiling the land. Dyson is one of the few prominent commentators who directly addresses what might shape up as a culture war between two viewpoints — environmentalism and humanism — that otherwise have many aims in common. The first part of this essay looks at the broad outline of Dyson's career while the second part looks more particularly at his contributions to the humanist debate.

  5. Training Team Problem Solving Skills: An Event-Based Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oser, R. L.; Gualtieri, J. W.; Cannon-Bowers, J. A.; Salas, E.

    1999-01-01

    Discusses how to train teams in problem-solving skills. Topics include team training, the use of technology, instructional strategies, simulations and training, theoretical framework, and an event-based approach for training teams to perform in naturalistic environments. Contains 68 references. (Author/LRW)

  6. Agile Service Development: A Rule-Based Method Engineering Approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoppenbrouwers, Stijn; Zoet, Martijn; Versendaal, Johan; Weerd, Inge van de

    2011-01-01

    Agile software development has evolved into an increasingly mature software development approach and has been applied successfully in many software vendors’ development departments. In this position paper, we address the broader agile service development. Based on method engineering principles we de

  7. Employers' Approaches to Work-Based Training in Britain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hillage, Jim

    1996-01-01

    The British Labour Force Survey indicates that work-based training is skewed toward service sector occupations and high-level workers. Few employers have a formal or systematic training approach. Lower-skilled, more disadvantaged workers have the least access to education and training. (SK)

  8. From Equation to Inequality Using a Function-Based Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verikios, Petros; Farmaki, Vassiliki

    2010-01-01

    This article presents features of a qualitative research study concerning the teaching and learning of school algebra using a function-based approach in a grade 8 class, of 23 students, in 26 lessons, in a state school of Athens, in the school year 2003-2004. In this article, we are interested in the inequality concept and our aim is to…

  9. Graphene metamaterials based tunable terahertz absorber: effective surface conductivity approach

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andryieuski, Andrei; Lavrinenko, Andrei

    2013-01-01

    In this paper we present the efficient design of functional thin-film metamaterial devices with the effective surface conductivity approach. As an example, we demonstrate a graphene based perfect absorber. After formulating the requirements to the perfect absorber in terms of surface conductivity...... we investigate the properties of graphene wire medium and graphene fishnet metamaterials and demonstrate both narrowband and broadband tunable absorbers....

  10. An approach for activity-based DEVS model specification

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alshareef, Abdurrahman; Sarjoughian, Hessam S.; Zarrin, Bahram

    2016-01-01

    activity-based behavior modeling of parallel DEVS atomic models. We consider UML activities and actions as fundamental units of behavior modeling, especially in the presence of recent advances in the UML 2.5 specifications. We describe in detail how to approach activity modeling with a set of elemental...

  11. A concept-based approach to text categorization

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schijvenaars, B.J.A.; Schuemie, M.J.; Mulligen, E.M. van; Weeber, M.; Jelier, R.; Mons, B.; Kors, J.A.; Kraaij, W.

    2005-01-01

    The Biosemantics group (Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam) participated in the text categorization task of the Genomics Track. We followed a thesaurus-based approach, using the Collexis indexing system, in combination with a simple classification algorithm to assign a document to one of t

  12. From Equation to Inequality Using a Function-Based Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verikios, Petros; Farmaki, Vassiliki

    2010-01-01

    This article presents features of a qualitative research study concerning the teaching and learning of school algebra using a function-based approach in a grade 8 class, of 23 students, in 26 lessons, in a state school of Athens, in the school year 2003-2004. In this article, we are interested in the inequality concept and our aim is to…

  13. MVMO-based approach for optimal placement and tuning of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DR OKE

    This paper introduces an approach based on the Swarm Variant of the ... comprehensive learning particle swarm optimization (CLPSO), genetic ... DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ijest.v7i3.12S ..... machine power systems: a comparative study.

  14. Graphene metamaterials based tunable terahertz absorber: effective surface conductivity approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andryieuski, Andrei; Lavrinenko, Andrei V

    2013-04-08

    In this paper we present the efficient design of functional thin-film metamaterial devices with the effective surface conductivity approach. As an example, we demonstrate a graphene based perfect absorber. After formulating the requirements to the perfect absorber in terms of surface conductivity we investigate the properties of graphene wire medium and graphene fishnet metamaterials and demonstrate both narrowband and broadband tunable absorbers.

  15. An Evidence-Based Approach to Introductory Chemistry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Philip

    2014-01-01

    Drawing on research into students' understanding, this article argues that the customary approach to introductory chemistry has created difficulties for students. Instead of being based on the notion of "solids, liquids and gases", introductory chemistry should be structured to develop the concept of a substance. The concept of a…

  16. A HUMAN RIGHTS-BASED APPROACH TO COUNTERACT ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    milkii

    It is affecting hundreds of thousands of persons every year. ... While men are also exposed to trafficking, women and girls constitute a significant .... to explain the factors inhibiting the adoption of the human rights based approach to .... of the Missing Case: Examining the Civil Right of Action for Human Trafficking Victims',.

  17. Binaural speech enhancement using a codebook based approach

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kavalekalam, Mathew Shaji; Christensen, Mads Græsbøll; Boldt, Jesper B.

    2016-01-01

    term predictor (STP) parameters using a codebook based approach, when we have access to binaural noisy signals. The estimated STP parameters are subsequently used for enhancement in a dual channel scenario. Objective measures indicate, that the proposed method is able to improve the speech...

  18. Non-frontal model based approach to forensic face recognition

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dutta, Abhishek; Veldhuis, Raymond; Spreeuwers, Luuk

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, we propose a non-frontal model based approach which ensures that a face recognition system always gets to compare images having similar view (or pose). This requires a virtual suspect reference set that consists of non-frontal suspect images having pose similar to the surveillance vie

  19. Saccharide-based Approach to Green Metallic Nanostructure Synthesis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engelbrekt, Christian; Sørensen, Karsten Holm; Jensen, Palle Skovhus

    A green approach to solution synthesis of metallic nanoparticles has been developed using harmless and bioapplicable chemicals as well as moderate temperatures. Metal precursors are reduced by glucose/buffers and sterically stabilized by starch. The saccharide based procedure is highly diverse...

  20. Knowledge-based Approach for Event Extraction from Arabic Tweets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad AL-Smadi

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Tweets provide a continuous update on current events. However, Tweets are short, personalized and noisy, thus raises more challenges for event extraction and representation. Extracting events out of Arabic tweets is a new research domain where few examples – if any – of previous work can be found. This paper describes a knowledge-based approach for fostering event extraction out of Arabic tweets. The approach uses an unsupervised rule-based technique for event extraction and provides a named entity disambiguation of event related entities (i.e. person, organization, and location. Extracted events and their related entities are populated to the event knowledge base where tagged tweets’ entities are linked to their corresponding entities represented in the knowledge base. Proposed approach was evaluated on a dataset of 1K Arabic tweets covering different types of events (i.e. instant events and interval events. Results show that the approach has an accuracy of, 75.9% for event trigger extraction, 87.5% for event time extraction, and 97.7% for event type identification.

  1. A sampling-based approach to probabilistic pursuit evasion

    KAUST Repository

    Mahadevan, Aditya

    2012-05-01

    Probabilistic roadmaps (PRMs) are a sampling-based approach to motion-planning that encodes feasible paths through the environment using a graph created from a subset of valid positions. Prior research has shown that PRMs can be augmented with useful information to model interesting scenarios related to multi-agent interaction and coordination. © 2012 IEEE.

  2. Variation-based approach to image segmentation Variation-based approach to image segmentation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张永平; 郑南宁; 赵荣椿

    2001-01-01

    A new approach to image segmentation is presented using a variation framework. Regarding the edge points as interpolating points and minimizing an energy functional to interpolate a smooth threshold surface it carries out the image segmentation. In order to preserve the edge information of the original image in the threshold surface, without unduly sharping the edge of the image, a non-convex energy functional is adopted. A relaxation algorithm with the property of global convergence, for solving the optimization problem, is proposed by introducing a binary energy. As a result the non-convex optimization problem is transformed into a series of convex optimization problems, and the problem of slow convergence or nonconvergence is solved. The presented method is also tested experimentally. Finally the method of determining the parameters in optimizing is also explored.   

  3. Does Beauty Matter in Education? Friedrich Schiller's Neo-Humanistic Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hohr, Hansjorg

    2002-01-01

    At the end of the 18th and the beginning of the 19th century, representatives of the politically oppressed middle class in a politically fragmented Germany began to look to education in search for a means of emancipation, with the pedagogical concept of "Bildung" as their central focus. The attractiveness of the concept was also a response to…

  4. An Efficient Soft Set-Based Approach for Conflict Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sutoyo, Edi; Mungad, Mungad; Hamid, Suraya; Herawan, Tutut

    2016-01-01

    Conflict analysis has been used as an important tool in economic, business, governmental and political dispute, games, management negotiations, military operations and etc. There are many mathematical formal models have been proposed to handle conflict situations and one of the most popular is rough set theory. With the ability to handle vagueness from the conflict data set, rough set theory has been successfully used. However, computational time is still an issue when determining the certainty, coverage, and strength of conflict situations. In this paper, we present an alternative approach to handle conflict situations, based on some ideas using soft set theory. The novelty of the proposed approach is that, unlike in rough set theory that uses decision rules, it is based on the concept of co-occurrence of parameters in soft set theory. We illustrate the proposed approach by means of a tutorial example of voting analysis in conflict situations. Furthermore, we elaborate the proposed approach on real world dataset of political conflict in Indonesian Parliament. We show that, the proposed approach achieves lower computational time as compared to rough set theory of up to 3.9%.

  5. An Efficient Soft Set-Based Approach for Conflict Analysis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edi Sutoyo

    Full Text Available Conflict analysis has been used as an important tool in economic, business, governmental and political dispute, games, management negotiations, military operations and etc. There are many mathematical formal models have been proposed to handle conflict situations and one of the most popular is rough set theory. With the ability to handle vagueness from the conflict data set, rough set theory has been successfully used. However, computational time is still an issue when determining the certainty, coverage, and strength of conflict situations. In this paper, we present an alternative approach to handle conflict situations, based on some ideas using soft set theory. The novelty of the proposed approach is that, unlike in rough set theory that uses decision rules, it is based on the concept of co-occurrence of parameters in soft set theory. We illustrate the proposed approach by means of a tutorial example of voting analysis in conflict situations. Furthermore, we elaborate the proposed approach on real world dataset of political conflict in Indonesian Parliament. We show that, the proposed approach achieves lower computational time as compared to rough set theory of up to 3.9%.

  6. An Efficient Soft Set-Based Approach for Conflict Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sutoyo, Edi; Mungad, Mungad; Hamid, Suraya; Herawan, Tutut

    2016-01-01

    Conflict analysis has been used as an important tool in economic, business, governmental and political dispute, games, management negotiations, military operations and etc. There are many mathematical formal models have been proposed to handle conflict situations and one of the most popular is rough set theory. With the ability to handle vagueness from the conflict data set, rough set theory has been successfully used. However, computational time is still an issue when determining the certainty, coverage, and strength of conflict situations. In this paper, we present an alternative approach to handle conflict situations, based on some ideas using soft set theory. The novelty of the proposed approach is that, unlike in rough set theory that uses decision rules, it is based on the concept of co-occurrence of parameters in soft set theory. We illustrate the proposed approach by means of a tutorial example of voting analysis in conflict situations. Furthermore, we elaborate the proposed approach on real world dataset of political conflict in Indonesian Parliament. We show that, the proposed approach achieves lower computational time as compared to rough set theory of up to 3.9%. PMID:26928627

  7. The cortex-based alignment approach to TMS coil positioning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duecker, Felix; Frost, Martin A; de Graaf, Tom A; Graewe, Britta; Jacobs, Christianne; Goebel, Rainer; Sack, Alexander T

    2014-10-01

    TMS allows noninvasive manipulation of brain activity in healthy participants and patients. The effectiveness of TMS experiments critically depends on precise TMS coil positioning, which is best for most brain areas when a frameless stereotactic system is used to target activation foci based on individual fMRI data. From a purely scientific perspective, individual fMRI-guided TMS is thus the method of choice to ensure optimal TMS efficiency. Yet, from a more practical perspective, such individual functional data are not always available, and therefore alternative TMS coil positioning approaches are often applied, for example, based on functional group data reported in Talairach coordinates. We here propose a novel method for TMS coil positioning that is based on functional group data, yet only requires individual anatomical data. We used cortex-based alignment (CBA) to transform individual anatomical data to an atlas brain that includes probabilistic group maps of two functional regions (FEF and hMT+/V5). Then, these functional group maps were back-transformed to the individual brain anatomy, preserving functional-anatomical correspondence. As a proof of principle, the resulting CBA-based functional targets in individual brain space were compared with individual FEF and hMT+/V5 hotspots as conventionally localized with individual fMRI data and with targets based on Talairach coordinates as commonly done in TMS research in case only individual anatomical data are available. The CBA-based approach significantly improved localization of functional brain areas compared with traditional Talairach-based targeting. Given the widespread availability of CBA schemes and preexisting functional group data, the proposed procedure is easy to implement and at no additional measurement costs. However, the accuracy of individual fMRI-guided TMS remains unparalleled, and the CBA-based approach should only be the method of choice when individual functional data cannot be obtained or

  8. An Ontology Based Approach to Implement the Online Recommendation System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vijayakumar Mohanraj

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Every web user has different intent when accessing the information on website. The primary goal of recommendation system is to anticipate the user intent and recommend the web pages that contain user expected information. Effective recommendation of web pages involves two important challenges: accurately identifying the user intent and predict the result show that novel web usage mining method and ontological concept scoring algorithm based on website domain ontological profile helps the recommendation system imminent navigation pattern in such a way that it provides required content while users browse the predicted navigation. Approach: We present a ontology based approach to implement recommendation system that involves applying innovative web usage mining on log system to discover all possible imminent navigation patterns of current user and resolve any uncertainties in discovering the navigation pattern by applying ontological concept based similarity comparison and scoring algorithm. Results: result show that novel web usage mining method and ontological concept scoring algorithm based on website domain ontological profile helps the recommendation system to predict and present most relevant navigation pattern to users. Conclusion: our recommendation system confirms that ontology based approach should be used to ensure excellent accuracy in predicting and capturing future navigation pattern of web user.

  9. EVALUATING HUMAN CAPITAL IN A KNOWLEDGE – BASED APPROACH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emanoil MUSCALU

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The widespread enthusiasm for a knowledge-based approach to understanding the nature of a business and the possible basis for sustained competitive advantage have renewed interest in human capital evaluation or measurement. While many attempts have been made to develop methods for measuring intellectual capital, none have been widely adopted in the business world. In the knowledge-based organizations, and generally, in the information society, human capital is recognized as the fundamental factor of overall progress, and experts agree that long-term investment in human capital has strong drive-propagation effects at the individual, organizational, national and global level. In this paper, we consider that a knowledge-based approach can offer new possibilities and answers to illustrate the importance of evaluation the human capital and knowledge assets by consistently generating added value in the business world.

  10. A new approach toward object-based change detection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Object-based change detection has been the hotspot in remote sensing image processing.A new approach toward object-based change detection is proposed.The two different temporal images are unitedly segmented using the mean shift procedure to obtain corresponding objects.Then change detection is implemented based on the integration of corresponding objects’ intensity and texture differences.Experiments are conducted on both panchromatic images and multispectral images and the results show that the integrated measure is robust with respect to illumination changes and noise.Supplementary color detection is conducted to determine whether the color of the unchanged objects changes or not when dealing with multispectral images.Some verification work is carried out to show the accuracy of the proposed approach.

  11. Colorimetry-based edge preservation approach for color image enhancement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suresh, Merugu; Jain, Kamal

    2016-07-01

    "Subpixel-based downsampling" is an approach that can implicitly enhance perceptible image resolution of a downsampled image by managing subpixel-level representation preferably with individual pixel. A subpixel-level representation for color image sample at edge region and color image representation is focused with the problem of directional filtration based on horizontal and vertical orientations using colorimetric color space with the help of saturation and desaturation pixels. A diagonal tracing algorithm and an edge preserving approach with colorimetric color space were used for color image enhancement. Since, there exist high variations at the edge regions, it could not be considered as constant or zero, and when these variations are random the need to compensate these to minimum value and then process for image representation. Finally, the results of the proposed method show much better image information as compared with traditional direct pixel-based methods with increased luminance and chrominance resolutions.

  12. Image-Based Learning Approach Applied to Time Series Forecasting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. C. Chimal-Eguía

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, a new learning approach based on time-series image information is presented. In order to implementthis new learning technique, a novel time-series input data representation is also defined. This input datarepresentation is based on information obtained by image axis division into boxes. The difference between this newinput data representation and the classical is that this technique is not time-dependent. This new information isimplemented in the new Image-Based Learning Approach (IBLA and by means of a probabilistic mechanism thislearning technique is applied to the interesting problem of time series forecasting. The experimental results indicatethat by using the methodology proposed in this article, it is possible to obtain better results than with the classicaltechniques such as artificial neuronal networks and support vector machines.

  13. Surrogate based approaches to parameter inference in ocean models

    KAUST Repository

    Knio, Omar

    2016-01-06

    This talk discusses the inference of physical parameters using model surrogates. Attention is focused on the use of sampling schemes to build suitable representations of the dependence of the model response on uncertain input data. Non-intrusive spectral projections and regularized regressions are used for this purpose. A Bayesian inference formalism is then applied to update the uncertain inputs based on available measurements or observations. To perform the update, we consider two alternative approaches, based on the application of Markov Chain Monte Carlo methods or of adjoint-based optimization techniques. We outline the implementation of these techniques to infer dependence of wind drag, bottom drag, and internal mixing coefficients.

  14. Problems and Projects Based Approach For Analog Electronic Circuits' Course

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vahé Nerguizian

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available New educational methods and approaches are recently introduced and implemented at several North American and European universities using Problems and Projects Based Approach (PPBA. The PPBA employs a teaching technique based mostly on competences/skills rather than only on knowledge. This method has been implemented and proven by several pedagogical instructors and authors at several educational institutions. This approach is used at different disciplines such as medicine, biology, engineering and many others. It has the advantage to improve the student's skills and the knowledge retention rate, and reflects the 21st century industrial/company needs and demands. Before implementing this approach to a course, a good resources preparation and planning is needed upfront by the responsible or instructor of the course to achieve the course and students related objectives. This paper presents the preparation, the generated documentation and the implementation of a pilot project utilizing PPBA education for a second year undergraduate electronic course over a complete semester, and for two different class groups (morning and evening groups. The outcome of this project (achieved goals, observed difficulties and lessons learned is presented based on different tools such as students 'in class' communication and feedback, different course evaluation forms and the professor/instructor feedback. Resources, challenges, difficulties and recommendations are also assessed and presented. The impact, the effect and the results (during and at the end of the academic fall session of the PPBA on students and instructor are discussed, validated, managed and communicated to help other instructor in taking appropriate approach decisions with respect to this new educational approach compared to the classical one.

  15. A New Acoustic Emission Sensor Based Gear Fault Detection Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Junda Zhu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In order to reduce wind energy costs, prognostics and health management (PHM of wind turbine is needed to ensure the reliability and availability of wind turbines. A gearbox is an important component of a wind turbine. Therefore, developing effective gearbox fault detection tools is important to the PHM of wind turbine. In this paper, a new acoustic emission (AE sensor based gear fault detection approach is presented. This approach combines a heterodyne based frequency reduction technique with time synchronous average (TSA and spectrum kurtosis (SK to process AE sensor signals and extract features as condition indictors for gear fault detection. Heterodyne technique commonly used in communication is first employed to preprocess the AE signals before sampling. By heterodyning, the AE signal frequency is down shifted from several hundred kHz to below 50 kHz. This reduced AE signal sampling rate is comparable to that of vibration signals. The presented approach is validated using seeded gear tooth crack fault tests on a notational split torque gearbox. The approach presented in this paper is physics based and the validation results have showed that it could effectively detect the gear faults.

  16. Practice-Based Interdisciplinary Approach and Environmental Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ranjan Kumar Datta

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Interdisciplinary researchers and educators, as community members, creators of knowledge, and environmental activists and practitioners, have a responsibility to build a bridge between community practice, academic scholarship, and professional contributions aimed at establishing environmental sustainability. In this paper, I focus on an undervalued area of environmental politics, practices, and often unarticulated assumptions which underlie human–environmental relations. This article challenges interdisciplinary studies that are not connected with practice by reconfiguring the meaning of a community-based, interdisciplinary approach. Drawing from works by Foucault, Latour, and Haraway, this paper first shows how to reconfigure the meaning of an interdisciplinary approach. Second, using Bourdieu and Brightman’s ethnographic studies as a framework, the paper situates practice as central to our efforts to deconstruct and replace current interdisciplinary initiatives with a practice-based approach. Through a practice-based interdisciplinary approach (PIA, environmental educators and researchers gain an awareness of and learn to make an investment in sustainable communities. As teams of environmental researchers practising in the local community, they are meaningfully involved with the community, with each other, and with the environment.

  17. Fragment approaches in structure-based drug discovery

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hubbard, Roderick E., E-mail: rod@ysbl.york.ac.uk [Vernalis R& D Ltd and University of York (United Kingdom)

    2008-05-01

    Fragment-based methods are successfully generating novel and selective drug-like inhibitors of protein targets, with a number of groups reporting compounds entering clinical trials. This paper summarizes the key features of the approach as one of the tools in structure-guided drug discovery. There has been considerable interest recently in what is known as 'fragment-based lead discovery'. The novel feature of the approach is to begin with small low-affinity compounds. The main advantage is that a larger potential chemical diversity can be sampled with fewer compounds, which is particularly important for new target classes. The approach relies on careful design of the fragment library, a method that can detect binding of the fragment to the protein target, determination of the structure of the fragment bound to the target, and the conventional use of structural information to guide compound optimization. In this article the methods are reviewed, and experiences in fragment-based discovery of lead series of compounds against kinases such as PDK1 and ATPases such as Hsp90 are discussed. The examples illustrate some of the key benefits and issues of the approach and also provide anecdotal examples of the patterns seen in selectivity and the binding mode of fragments across different protein targets.

  18. An Approach for Composing Services Based on Environment Ontology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guangjun Cai

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Service-oriented computing is revolutionizing the modern computing paradigms with its aim to boost software reuse and enable business agility. Under this paradigm, new services are fabricated by composing available services. The problem arises as how to effectively and efficiently compose heterogeneous services facing the high complexity of service composition. Based on environment ontology, this paper introduces a requirement-driven service composition approach. We propose the algorithms to decompose the requirement, the rules to deduct the relation between services, and the algorithm for composing service. The empirical results and the comparison with other services’ composition methodologies show that this approach is feasible and efficient.

  19. Agent Based Approaches to Engineering Autonomous Space Software

    CERN Document Server

    Dennis, Louise A; Lincoln, Nicholas; Lisitsa, Alexei; Veres, Sandor M

    2010-01-01

    Current approaches to the engineering of space software such as satellite control systems are based around the development of feedback controllers using packages such as MatLab's Simulink toolbox. These provide powerful tools for engineering real time systems that adapt to changes in the environment but are limited when the controller itself needs to be adapted. We are investigating ways in which ideas from temporal logics and agent programming can be integrated with the use of such control systems to provide a more powerful layer of autonomous decision making. This paper will discuss our initial approaches to the engineering of such systems.

  20. A complexity-based approach to batterer intervention programmes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Medina-Maldonado, Venus E; Medina-Maldonado, Rossana; Parada-Cores, Germán

    2014-01-01

    This paper was aimed at providing opinion by adopting a complexity-based approach to coordinating nursing science and psychology concerning psycho-educational intervention for batterers regarding their partner or ex-partner. Improving both disciplines' interrelationship should facilitate implementing relevant action, thereby engendering motivation for change in participants and modifying sexist attitudes and beliefs. The document has analyzed the importance of coordinating scientific disciplines' action and defined guidelines for an approach involving intervention as well as highlighting implications for practice and research.

  1. A Semantics-Based Approach to Retrieving Biomedical Information

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andreasen, Troels; Bulskov, Henrik; Zambach, Sine

    2011-01-01

    ontologies’, i.e., ontologies providing increasingly specialised concepts reflecting the phrase structure of natural language. Furthermore, we propose a novel so called ontological semantics which maps noun phrases from texts and queries into nodes in the generative ontology. This enables an advanced form......This paper describes an approach to representing, organising, and accessing conceptual content of biomedical texts using a formal ontology. The ontology is based on UMLS resources supplemented with domain ontologies developed in the project. The approach introduces the notion of ‘generative...

  2. Gilmore-Perelomov symmetry based approach to photonic lattices

    CERN Document Server

    Vergara, Liliana Villanueva

    2015-01-01

    We revisit electromagnetic field propagation through tight-binding arrays of coupled photonic waveguides, with properties independent of the propagation distance, and recast it as a symmetry problem. We focus our analysis on photonic lattices with underlying symmetries given by three well-known groups, $SU(2)$, $SU(1,1)$ and Heisenberg-Weyl, to show that disperssion relations, normal states and impulse functions can be constructed following a Gilmore-Perelomov coherent state approach. Furthermore, this symmetry based approach can be followed for each an every lattice with an underlying symmetry given by a dynamical group.

  3. Network Medicine: A Network-based Approach to Human Diseases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghiassian, Susan Dina

    With the availability of large-scale data, it is now possible to systematically study the underlying interaction maps of many complex systems in multiple disciplines. Statistical physics has a long and successful history in modeling and characterizing systems with a large number of interacting individuals. Indeed, numerous approaches that were first developed in the context of statistical physics, such as the notion of random walks and diffusion processes, have been applied successfully to study and characterize complex systems in the context of network science. Based on these tools, network science has made important contributions to our understanding of many real-world, self-organizing systems, for example in computer science, sociology and economics. Biological systems are no exception. Indeed, recent studies reflect the necessity of applying statistical and network-based approaches in order to understand complex biological systems, such as cells. In these approaches, a cell is viewed as a complex network consisting of interactions among cellular components, such as genes and proteins. Given the cellular network as a platform, machinery, functionality and failure of a cell can be studied with network-based approaches, a field known as systems biology. Here, we apply network-based approaches to explore human diseases and their associated genes within the cellular network. This dissertation is divided in three parts: (i) A systematic analysis of the connectivity patterns among disease proteins within the cellular network. The quantification of these patterns inspires the design of an algorithm which predicts a disease-specific subnetwork containing yet unknown disease associated proteins. (ii) We apply the introduced algorithm to explore the common underlying mechanism of many complex diseases. We detect a subnetwork from which inflammatory processes initiate and result in many autoimmune diseases. (iii) The last chapter of this dissertation describes the

  4. A novel image fusion approach based on compressive sensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, Hongpeng; Liu, Zhaodong; Fang, Bin; Li, Yanxia

    2015-11-01

    Image fusion can integrate complementary and relevant information of source images captured by multiple sensors into a unitary synthetic image. The compressive sensing-based (CS) fusion approach can greatly reduce the processing speed and guarantee the quality of the fused image by integrating fewer non-zero coefficients. However, there are two main limitations in the conventional CS-based fusion approach. Firstly, directly fusing sensing measurements may bring greater uncertain results with high reconstruction error. Secondly, using single fusion rule may result in the problems of blocking artifacts and poor fidelity. In this paper, a novel image fusion approach based on CS is proposed to solve those problems. The non-subsampled contourlet transform (NSCT) method is utilized to decompose the source images. The dual-layer Pulse Coupled Neural Network (PCNN) model is used to integrate low-pass subbands; while an edge-retention based fusion rule is proposed to fuse high-pass subbands. The sparse coefficients are fused before being measured by Gaussian matrix. The fused image is accurately reconstructed by Compressive Sampling Matched Pursuit algorithm (CoSaMP). Experimental results demonstrate that the fused image contains abundant detailed contents and preserves the saliency structure. These also indicate that our proposed method achieves better visual quality than the current state-of-the-art methods.

  5. [A complexity-based approach to zoonoses in Colombia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agudelo-Suárez, Angela N

    2012-01-01

    The present reflection was aimed at making a contribution towards improving control policy and programs integrality and efficacy in an attempt to answer the following question, "How can understanding zoonoses in Colombia be approached from a complexity-based approach?" The first part of this article examines zoonoses as a complex problem and the reiterated tendency of control policy and programs to deal with them as a simple problem, involving unidisciplinary and reductionist responses. The current status of complexity is synthesized as a paradigm, as are the advantages of using it in analysis and formulating policy and interventions. Possible fields of work are proposed for development when approaching zoonoses in Colombia from a complexity science viewpoint.

  6. MDA based-approach for UML Models Complete Comparison

    CERN Document Server

    Chaouni, Samia Benabdellah; Mouline, Salma

    2011-01-01

    If a modeling task is distributed, it will frequently be necessary to integrate models developed by different team members. Problems occur in the models integration step and particularly, in the comparison phase of the integration. This issue had been discussed in several domains and various models. However, previous approaches have not correctly handled the semantic comparison. In the current paper, we provide a MDA-based approach for models comparison which aims at comparing UML models. We develop an hybrid approach which takes into account syntactic, semantic and structural comparison aspects. For this purpose, we use the domain ontology as well as other resources such as dictionaries. We propose a decision support system which permits the user to validate (or not) correspondences extracted in the comparison phase. For implementation, we propose an extension of the generic correspondence metamodel AMW in order to transform UML models to the correspondence model.

  7. An engineering based approach for hydraulic computations in river flows

    Science.gov (United States)

    Di Francesco, S.; Biscarini, C.; Pierleoni, A.; Manciola, P.

    2016-06-01

    This paper presents an engineering based approach for hydraulic risk evaluation. The aim of the research is to identify a criteria for the choice of the simplest and appropriate model to use in different scenarios varying the characteristics of main river channel. The complete flow field, generally expressed in terms of pressure, velocities, accelerations can be described through a three dimensional approach that consider all the flow properties varying in all directions. In many practical applications for river flow studies, however, the greatest changes occur only in two dimensions or even only in one. In these cases the use of simplified approaches can lead to accurate results, with easy to build and faster simulations. The study has been conducted taking in account a dimensionless parameter of channels (ratio of curvature radius and width of the channel (R/B).

  8. A fuzzy behaviorist approach to sensor-based robot control

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pin, F.G.

    1996-05-01

    Sensor-based operation of autonomous robots in unstructured and/or outdoor environments has revealed to be an extremely challenging problem, mainly because of the difficulties encountered when attempting to represent the many uncertainties which are always present in the real world. These uncertainties are primarily due to sensor imprecisions and unpredictability of the environment, i.e., lack of full knowledge of the environment characteristics and dynamics. An approach. which we have named the {open_quotes}Fuzzy Behaviorist Approach{close_quotes} (FBA) is proposed in an attempt to remedy some of these difficulties. This approach is based on the representation of the system`s uncertainties using Fuzzy Set Theory-based approximations and on the representation of the reasoning and control schemes as sets of elemental behaviors. Using the FBA, a formalism for rule base development and an automated generator of fuzzy rules have been developed. This automated system can automatically construct the set of membership functions corresponding to fuzzy behaviors. Once these have been expressed in qualitative terms by the user. The system also checks for completeness of the rule base and for non-redundancy of the rules (which has traditionally been a major hurdle in rule base development). Two major conceptual features, the suppression and inhibition mechanisms which allow to express a dominance between behaviors are discussed in detail. Some experimental results obtained with the automated fuzzy, rule generator applied to the domain of sensor-based navigation in aprion unknown environments. using one of our autonomous test-bed robots as well as a real car in outdoor environments, are then reviewed and discussed to illustrate the feasibility of large-scale automatic fuzzy rule generation using the {open_quotes}Fuzzy Behaviorist{close_quotes} concepts.

  9. Steady shear flow thermodynamics based on a canonical distribution approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taniguchi, Tooru; Morriss, Gary P

    2004-11-01

    A nonequilibrium steady-state thermodynamics to describe shear flow is developed using a canonical distribution approach. We construct a canonical distribution for shear flow based on the energy in the moving frame using the Lagrangian formalism of the classical mechanics. From this distribution, we derive the Evans-Hanley shear flow thermodynamics, which is characterized by the first law of thermodynamics dE=TdS-Qdgamma relating infinitesimal changes in energy E, entropy S, and shear rate gamma with kinetic temperature T. Our central result is that the coefficient Q is given by Helfand's moment for viscosity. This approach leads to thermodynamic stability conditions for shear flow, one of which is equivalent to the positivity of the correlation function for Q. We show the consistency of this approach with the Kawasaki distribution function for shear flow, from which a response formula for viscosity is derived in the form of a correlation function for the time-derivative of Q. We emphasize the role of the external work required to sustain the steady shear flow in this approach, and show theoretically that the ensemble average of its power W must be non-negative. A nonequilibrium entropy, increasing in time, is introduced, so that the amount of heat based on this entropy is equal to the average of W. Numerical results from nonequilibrium molecular-dynamics simulation of two-dimensional many-particle systems with soft-core interactions are presented which support our interpretation.

  10. Data Warehouse Requirements Analysis Framework: Business-Object Based Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anirban Sarkar

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Detailed requirements analysis plays a key role towards the design of successful Data Warehouse (DW system. The requirements analysis specifications are used as the prime input for the construction of conceptual level multidimensional data model. This paper has proposed a Business Object based requirements analysis framework for DW system which is supported with abstraction mechanism and reuse capability. It also facilitate the stepwise mapping of requirements descriptions into high level design components of graph semantic based conceptual level object oriented multidimensional data model. The proposed framework starts with the identification of the analytical requirements using business process driven approach and finally refine the requirements in further detail to map into the conceptual level DW design model using either Demand-driven of Mixed-driven approach for DW requirements analysi

  11. An SQL-based approach to physics analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Limper, Maaike, Dr

    2014-06-01

    As part of the CERN openlab collaboration a study was made into the possibility of performing analysis of the data collected by the experiments at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) through SQL-queries on data stored in a relational database. Currently LHC physics analysis is done using data stored in centrally produced "ROOT-ntuple" files that are distributed through the LHC computing grid. The SQL-based approach to LHC physics analysis presented in this paper allows calculations in the analysis to be done at the database and can make use of the database's in-built parallelism features. Using this approach it was possible to reproduce results for several physics analysis benchmarks. The study shows the capability of the database to handle complex analysis tasks but also illustrates the limits of using row-based storage for storing physics analysis data, as performance was limited by the I/O read speed of the system.

  12. A NEW ADMISSION CONTROL APPROACH BASED ON PREDICTION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lu Kaining; Jin Zhigang; Zou Jun

    2002-01-01

    Admission control plays an important role in providing QoS to network users. Motivated by the measurement-based admission control algorithm, this letter proposed a new admission control approach for integrated service packet network based on traffic prediction. In the letter, FARIMA(p, d, q) models in the admission control algorithm is deployed. A method to simplify the FARIMA model fitting procedure and hence to reduce the time of traffic modeling and prediction is suggested. The feasibility-study experiments show that FARIMA models which have less number of parameters can be used to model and predict actual traffic on quite a large time scale. Simulation results validate the promising approach.

  13. A Computationally Based Approach to Homogenizing Advanced Alloys

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jablonski, P D; Cowen, C J

    2011-02-27

    We have developed a computationally based approach to optimizing the homogenization heat treatment of complex alloys. The Scheil module within the Thermo-Calc software is used to predict the as-cast segregation present within alloys, and DICTRA (Diffusion Controlled TRAnsformations) is used to model the homogenization kinetics as a function of time, temperature and microstructural scale. We will discuss this approach as it is applied to both Ni based superalloys as well as the more complex (computationally) case of alloys that solidify with more than one matrix phase as a result of segregation. Such is the case typically observed in martensitic steels. With these alloys it is doubly important to homogenize them correctly, especially at the laboratory scale, since they are austenitic at high temperature and thus constituent elements will diffuse slowly. The computationally designed heat treatment and the subsequent verification real castings are presented.

  14. Proposed Representation Approach Based on Description Logics Formalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yasser Yahiaoui

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The most familiar concept in Artificial intelligence is the knowledges representation. It aims to find explicit symbolization covering all semantic aspects of knowledge, and to make possible the use of this representation to produce an intelligent behavior like reasoning. The most important constraint is the usability of the representation; it’s why the structures used must be well defined to facilitate manipulation for reasoning algorithms which leads to facilitate their implementation. In this paper we propose a new approach based on the description logics formalism for the goal of simplification of description logics system implementation. This approach can reduce the complexity of reasoning Algorithm by the vectorisation of concept definition based on the subsumption hierarchy.

  15. Knowledge Management Approaches in Portal-Based Collaborative

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihaela I. MUNTEAN

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Collaboration involves a different approach to business – focused on managing business relationships between people, within or without groups, and within and between organizations. Collaborative enterprises differ from other business in a number of ways and collaborative working needs to be simultaneously a business philosophy, strategy and operational working. Effective collaboration unlocks the potential of the collective knowledge and intellectual capital of the organization and its networks of business partners, suppliers and customers. At the core of true collaboration is the ability to share and catalogue knowledge, ideas, standards, best practices, and lessons learned and to be able to retrieve that knowledge from anywhere at any time. Knowledge management is not a goal by itself. Businesses don't exist with the purpose of spreading and advancing knowledge, they exist for selling competitive products and services of high quality. Based on these considerations, we propose some knowledge management approaches for portal-based collaborative environments.

  16. English to Sanskrit Machine Translation Using Transfer Based approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pathak, Ganesh R.; Godse, Sachin P.

    2010-11-01

    Translation is one of the needs of global society for communicating thoughts and ideas of one country with other country. Translation is the process of interpretation of text meaning and subsequent production of equivalent text, also called as communicating same meaning (message) in another language. In this paper we gave detail information on how to convert source language text in to target language text using Transfer Based Approach for machine translation. Here we implemented English to Sanskrit machine translator using transfer based approach. English is global language used for business and communication but large amount of population in India is not using and understand the English. Sanskrit is ancient language of India most of the languages in India are derived from Sanskrit. Sanskrit can be act as an intermediate language for multilingual translation.

  17. Earthquake insurance pricing: a risk-based approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Jeng-Hsiang

    2017-05-23

    Flat earthquake premiums are 'uniformly' set for a variety of buildings in many countries, neglecting the fact that the risk of damage to buildings by earthquakes is based on a wide range of factors. How these factors influence the insurance premiums is worth being studied further. Proposed herein is a risk-based approach to estimate the earthquake insurance rates of buildings. Examples of application of the approach to buildings located in Taipei city of Taiwan were examined. Then, the earthquake insurance rates for the buildings investigated were calculated and tabulated. To fulfil insurance rating, the buildings were classified into 15 model building types according to their construction materials and building height. Seismic design levels were also considered in insurance rating in response to the effect of seismic zone and construction years of buildings. This paper may be of interest to insurers, actuaries, and private and public sectors of insurance. © 2017 The Author(s). Disasters © Overseas Development Institute, 2017.

  18. A pattern-based approach to elementary algebra

    OpenAIRE

    Strømskag, Heidi

    2015-01-01

    International audience; With a focus on epistemology, this paper discusses what pattern generalisation as an algebraic activity involves. Further, it presents a review of empirical studies where a pattern-based approach is used to teach algebra. This shows that students' problems with establishing algebraic rules from patterns and tables can be explained by: 1) difficulties caused by students' use of invalid methods to identify explicit formulae; 2) difficulties caused by students' tendency t...

  19. A Knowledge—Based Approach to Program Synthesis from Examples

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱鸿; 金凌紫

    1991-01-01

    This paper proposes an approach to synthesize functional programs of Backus' FP system[1,2] from input/output instances.Based on a theory of orthogonal expansion of programs3[,4],the task of program synthesis is expressed in program equations,and fulfilled by solving them according to the knowledge about the equivalence between programs.Some general knowledge of solving program equations with a number of examples are given in the paper.

  20. A learning based approach for green software measurements

    OpenAIRE

    Dahab, Sarah; Maag, Stephane; Bagnato, Alessandra; Almeida Da Silva, Marcos Aurelio

    2016-01-01

    International audience; Measuring specific software quality requirements in a continuous way and at runtime all along the development processes is crucial. Moreover, considering principles of measurement theory, it is still very complex to integrate green metrics in a common standardized and autonomous framework. In our approach, we propose an automated solution based on continuous analysis of SW green measurements, using at runtime a machine learning algorithm. The method allows to suggest a...

  1. Estimating High-Frequency Based (Co-) Variances: A Unified Approach

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Voev, Valeri; Nolte, Ingmar

    We propose a unified framework for estimating integrated variances and covariances based on simple OLS regressions, allowing for a general market microstructure noise specification. We show that our estimators can outperform, in terms of the root mean squared error criterion, the most recent...... frequency derived in Bandi & Russell (2005a) and Bandi & Russell (2005b). For a realistic trading scenario, the efficiency gains resulting from our approach are in the range of 35% to 50%....

  2. A belief revision approach for argumentation-based negotiation agents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pilotti Pablo

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Negotiation is an interaction that happens in multi-agent systems when agents have conflicting objectives and must look for an acceptable agreement. A typical negotiating situation involves two agents that cannot reach their goals by themselves because they do not have some resources they need or they do not know how to use them to reach their goals. Therefore, they must start a negotiation dialogue, taking also into account that they might have incomplete or wrong beliefs about the other agent’s goals and resources. This article presents a negotiating agent model based on argumentation, which is used by the agents to reason on how to exchange resources and knowledge in order to achieve their goals. Agents that negotiate have incomplete beliefs about the others, so that the exchange of arguments gives them information that makes it possible to update their beliefs. In order to formalize their proposals in a negotiation setting, the agents must be able to generate, select and evaluate arguments associated with such offers, updating their mental state accordingly. In our approach, we will focus on an argumentation-based negotiation model between two cooperative agents. The arguments generation and interpretation process is based on belief change operations (expansions, contractions and revisions, and the selection process is a based on a strategy. This approach is presented through a high-level algorithm implemented in logic programming. We show various theoretical properties associated with this approach, which have been formalized and proved using Coq, a formal proof management system. We also illustrate, through a case study, the applicability of our approach in order to solve a slightly modified version of the well-known home improvement agents problem. Moreover, we present various simulations that allow assessing the impact of belief revision on the negotiation process.

  3. Improved Approach Based on SVM for License Plate Character Recognition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Xiao-hua; WANG Xiao-guang

    2005-01-01

    An improved approach based on support vector machine (SVM) called the center distance ratio method is presented for license plate character recognition. First the support vectors are pre-extracted. A minimal set called the margin vector set, which contains all support vectors, is extracted. These margin vectors compose new training data and construct the classifier by using the general SVM optimized. The experimental results show that the improved SVM method does well at correct rate and training speed.

  4. Flow-based approach for holistic factory engineering and design

    OpenAIRE

    Constantinescu, C.; Westkämper, E.

    2010-01-01

    The engineering of future factories requires digital tools along life cycle phases from investment planning to ramp-up. Manufacturers need scientific-based integrated highly dynamic data management systems for the participative and integrated factory planning. The paper presents a new approach for the continuously integrated product design, factory and process planning, through a service-oriented architecture for the implementation of digital factory tools. A first prototype of the digital fa...

  5. Subcutaneous injection technique: an evidence-based approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogston-Tuck, Sherri

    2014-09-23

    Injections are routinely administered by nurses in acute care settings and in the community. Nurses require a thorough understanding of anatomy and physiology, pharmacological principles and equipment, and potential risks to the patient of injections. Nurses should also take an active approach to patient assessment before injecting medicines. This article, the first of two, provides an evidence-based review of injection administration, with particular reference to subcutaneous injections, and suggests a framework for best practice.

  6. A New Approach to Coding in Content Based MANETs

    OpenAIRE

    Joy, Joshua; Yu, Yu-Ting; Perez, Victor; Lu, Dennis; Gerla, Mario

    2015-01-01

    In content-based mobile ad hoc networks (CB-MANETs), random linear network coding (NC) can be used to reliably disseminate large files under intermittent connectivity. Conventional NC involves random unrestricted coding at intermediate nodes. This however is vulnerable to pollution attacks. To avoid attacks, a brute force approach is to restrict the mixing at the source. However, source restricted NC generally reduces the robustness of the code in the face of errors, losses and mobility induc...

  7. Performance Analysis of STFT Based Timing Approach to OFDM Systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    KUANG Yu-jun; TENG Yong; YIN Chang-chuan; HAO Jian-jun; YUE Guang-xin

    2003-01-01

    This paper mainly focuses on performance analysis of the previously proposed STFT based 2-D timing approach to OFDM systems and presents simulations results of its performance in AWGN and multipath fading environment and its robustness against the duration of Channel Impulse Response (CIR) and frequency offset. Simulation results suggest that a revised version of Short-Time Fourier Transform (STFT) can be used to greatly reduce computational complexity, especially at higher SNR.

  8. Java Applications Development Based on Component and Metacomponent Approach

    OpenAIRE

    Danijel Radošević; Mario Konecki; Tihomir Orehovački

    2008-01-01

    Component based modeling offers new and improved approach to design, construction, implementation and evolution of software applications development. This kind of software applications development is usually represented by appropriate component model/diagram. UML, for example, offers component diagram for representation of this kind of model. On the other hand, metacomponents usage offers some new features which hardly could be achieved by using generic components. Firstly, implementation of ...

  9. Knowledge-based approach to video content classification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Yu; Wong, Edward K.

    2001-01-01

    A framework for video content classification using a knowledge-based approach is herein proposed. This approach is motivated by the fact that videos are rich in semantic contents, which can best be interpreted and analyzed by human experts. We demonstrate the concept by implementing a prototype video classification system using the rule-based programming language CLIPS 6.05. Knowledge for video classification is encoded as a set of rules in the rule base. The left-hand-sides of rules contain high level and low level features, while the right-hand-sides of rules contain intermediate results or conclusions. Our current implementation includes features computed from motion, color, and text extracted from video frames. Our current rule set allows us to classify input video into one of five classes: news, weather, reporting, commercial, basketball and football. We use MYCIN's inexact reasoning method for combining evidences, and to handle the uncertainties in the features and in the classification results. We obtained good results in a preliminary experiment, and it demonstrated the validity of the proposed approach.

  10. The FPGA based L1 track finding Tracklet approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kyriacou, Savvas; CMS Collaboration

    2017-01-01

    The High Luminosity upgraded LHC is expected to deliver proton-proton collisions per 25ns with an estimated 140-200 pile up interactions per bunch crossing. Ultrafast track finding is vital for handling trigger rates in such conditions. An FPGA based road search algorithm is developed, the Tracklet approach one of a few currently under consideration, for the CMS L1 trigger system. Based on low/high transverse momentum track discrimination and designed for the HL upgraded outer tracker, the algorithm achieves microsecond scale track reconstruction in the expected high track multiplicity environment. The Tracklet method overview, implementation, hardware demonstrator and performance results are presented and discussed.

  11. A mindfulness-based approach to the treatment of insomnia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ong, Jason; Sholtes, David

    2010-11-01

    Mindfulness meditation has emerged as a novel approach to emotion regulation and stress reduction that has several health benefits. Preliminary work has been conducted on mindfulness-based therapy for insomnia (MBT-I), a meditation-based program for individuals suffering from chronic sleep disturbance. This treatment integrates behavioral treatments for insomnia with the principles and practices of mindfulness meditation. A case illustration of a chronic insomnia sufferer demonstrates the application of mindfulness principles for developing adaptive ways of working with the nocturnal symptoms and waking consequences of chronic insomnia.

  12. A Model-based Prognostics Approach Applied to Pneumatic Valves

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthew J. Daigle

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Within the area of systems health management, the task of prognostics centers on predicting when components will fail. Model-based prognostics exploits domain knowledge of the system, its components, and how they fail by casting the underlying physical phenomena in a physics-based model that is derived from first principles. Uncertainty cannot be avoided in prediction, therefore, algorithms are employed that help in managing these uncertainties. The particle filtering algorithm has become a popular choice for model-based prognostics due to its wide applicability, ease of implementation, and support for uncertainty management. We develop a general model-based prognostics methodology within a robust probabilistic framework using particle filters. As a case study, we consider a pneumatic valve from the Space Shuttle cryogenic refueling system. We develop a detailed physics-based model of the pneumatic valve, and perform comprehensive simulation experiments to illustrate our prognostics approach and evaluate its effectiveness and robustness. The approach is demonstrated using historical pneumatic valve data from the refueling system.

  13. A Model-Based Prognostics Approach Applied to Pneumatic Valves

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daigle, Matthew J.; Goebel, Kai

    2011-01-01

    Within the area of systems health management, the task of prognostics centers on predicting when components will fail. Model-based prognostics exploits domain knowledge of the system, its components, and how they fail by casting the underlying physical phenomena in a physics-based model that is derived from first principles. Uncertainty cannot be avoided in prediction, therefore, algorithms are employed that help in managing these uncertainties. The particle filtering algorithm has become a popular choice for model-based prognostics due to its wide applicability, ease of implementation, and support for uncertainty management. We develop a general model-based prognostics methodology within a robust probabilistic framework using particle filters. As a case study, we consider a pneumatic valve from the Space Shuttle cryogenic refueling system. We develop a detailed physics-based model of the pneumatic valve, and perform comprehensive simulation experiments to illustrate our prognostics approach and evaluate its effectiveness and robustness. The approach is demonstrated using historical pneumatic valve data from the refueling system.

  14. Reversible Circuit Synthesis Using a Cycle-Based Approach

    CERN Document Server

    Saeedi, Mehdi; Sedighi, Mehdi; Sasanian, Zahra

    2010-01-01

    Reversible logic has applications in various research areas including signal processing, cryptography and quantum computation. In this paper, direct NCT-based synthesis of a given $k$-cycle in a cycle-based synthesis scenario is examined. To this end, a set of seven building blocks is proposed that reveals the potential of direct synthesis of a given permutation to reduce both quantum cost and average runtime. To synthesize a given large cycle, we propose a decomposition algorithm to extract the suggested building blocks from the input specification. Then, a synthesis method is introduced which uses the building blocks and the decomposition algorithm. Finally, a hybrid synthesis framework is suggested which uses the proposed cycle-based synthesis method in conjunction with one of the recent NCT-based synthesis approaches which is based on Reed-Muller (RM) spectra. The time complexity and the effectiveness of the proposed synthesis approach are analyzed in detail. Our analyses show that the proposed hybrid fra...

  15. Model-based approach for elevator performance estimation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esteban, E.; Salgado, O.; Iturrospe, A.; Isasa, I.

    2016-02-01

    In this paper, a dynamic model for an elevator installation is presented in the state space domain. The model comprises both the mechanical and the electrical subsystems, including the electrical machine and a closed-loop field oriented control. The proposed model is employed for monitoring the condition of the elevator installation. The adopted model-based approach for monitoring employs the Kalman filter as an observer. A Kalman observer estimates the elevator car acceleration, which determines the elevator ride quality, based solely on the machine control signature and the encoder signal. Finally, five elevator key performance indicators are calculated based on the estimated car acceleration. The proposed procedure is experimentally evaluated, by comparing the key performance indicators calculated based on the estimated car acceleration and the values obtained from actual acceleration measurements in a test bench. Finally, the proposed procedure is compared with the sliding mode observer.

  16. Mapping site-based construction workers’ motivation: Expectancy theory approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parviz Ghoddousi

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to apply a recently proposed model of motivation based on expectancy theory to site-based workers in the construction context and confirm the validity of this model for the construction industry. The study drew upon data from 194 site-based construction workers in Iran to test the proposed model of motivation. To this end, the structural equation modelling (SEM approach based on the confirmatory factor analysis (CFA technique was deployed. The study reveals that the proposed model of expectancy theory incorporating five indicators (i.e. intrinsic instrumentality, extrinsic instrumentality, intrinsic valence, extrinsic valence and expectancy is able to map the process of construction workers’ motivation. Nonetheless, the findings posit that intrinsic indicators could be more effective than extrinsic ones. This proffers the necessity of construction managers placing further focus on intrinsic motivators to motivate workers. 

  17. Mapping site-based construction workers’ motivation: Expectancy theory approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parviz Ghoddousi

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to apply a recently proposed model of motivation based on expectancy theory to site-based workers in the construction context and confirm the validity of this model for the construction industry. The study drew upon data from 194 site-based construction workers in Iran to test the proposed model of motivation. To this end, the structural equation modelling (SEM approach based on the confirmatory factor analysis (CFA technique was deployed. The study reveals that the proposed model of expectancy theory incorporating five indicators (i.e. intrinsic instrumentality, extrinsic instrumentality, intrinsic valence, extrinsic valence and expectancy is able to map the process of construction workers’ motivation. Nonetheless, the findings posit that intrinsic indicators could be more effective than extrinsic ones. This proffers the necessity of construction managers placing further focus on intrinsic motivators to motivate workers.

  18. Tongue base schwannoma: report, review, and unique surgical approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sawhney, Raja; Carron, Michael A; Mathog, Robert H

    2008-01-01

    Base of tongue schwannomas are exceedingly rare and therefore often are not immediately included in the differential diagnosis and treatment of oropharyngeal tumors. After a thorough review of the English literature, we found only 6 previously reported cases of tongue base schwannomas. We are contributing a report of a 37-year-old woman with progressive dysphagia, dysarthria, and large tongue base schwannoma. Diagnosis was confirmed by imaging studies and biopsy followed by surgical excision designed to preserve nerve function. A number of surgical approaches have been described for tongue base schwannomas. Each has its own degree of postoperative morbidity. The use of a unilateral transcervical incision with blunt dissection was simple and quickly accomplished with protection of nearby nerves. Histologic identification of Antoni A and B areas along with strong and diffuse staining with S-100 stain pathologically completed the diagnosis of schwannoma.

  19. Science based integrated approach to advanced nuclear fuel development - vision, approach, and overview

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Unal, Cetin [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Pasamehmetoglu, Kemal [IDAHO NATIONAL LAB; Carmack, Jon [IDAHO NATIONAL LAB

    2010-01-01

    Advancing the performance of Light Water Reactors, Advanced Nuclear Fuel Cycles, and Advanced Rcactors, such as the Next Generation Nuclear Power Plants, requires enhancing our fundamental understanding of fuel and materials behavior under irradiation. The capability to accurately model the nuclear fuel systems is critical. In order to understand specific aspects of the nuclear fuel, fully coupled fuel simulation codes are required to achieve licensing of specific nuclear fuel designs for operation. The backbone of these codes, models, and simulations is a fundamental understanding and predictive capability for simulating the phase and microstructural behavior of the nuclear fuel system materials and matrices. The purpose of this paper is to identify the modeling and simulation approach in order to deliver predictive tools for advanced fuels development. The coordination between experimental nuclear fuel design, development technical experts, and computational fuel modeling and simulation technical experts is a critical aspect of the approach and naturally leads to an integrated, goal-oriented science-based R & D approach and strengthens both the experimental and computational efforts. The Advanced Fuels Campaign (AFC) and Nuclear Energy Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NEAMS) Fuels Integrated Performance and Safety Code (IPSC) are working together to determine experimental data and modeling needs. The primary objective of the NEAMS fuels IPSC project is to deliver a coupled, three-dimensional, predictive computational platform for modeling the fabrication and both normal and abnormal operation of nuclear fuel pins and assemblies, applicable to both existing and future reactor fuel designs. The science based program is pursuing the development of an integrated multi-scale and multi-physics modeling and simulation platform for nuclear fuels. This overview paper discusses the vision, goals and approaches how to develop and implement the new approach.

  20. Science based integrated approach to advanced nuclear fuel development - vision, approach, and overview

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Unal, Cetin [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Pasamehmetoglu, Kemal [IDAHO NATIONAL LAB; Carmack, Jon [IDAHO NATIONAL LAB

    2010-01-01

    Advancing the performance of Light Water Reactors, Advanced Nuclear Fuel Cycles, and Advanced Rcactors, such as the Next Generation Nuclear Power Plants, requires enhancing our fundamental understanding of fuel and materials behavior under irradiation. The capability to accurately model the nuclear fuel systems is critical. In order to understand specific aspects of the nuclear fuel, fully coupled fuel simulation codes are required to achieve licensing of specific nuclear fuel designs for operation. The backbone of these codes, models, and simulations is a fundamental understanding and predictive capability for simulating the phase and microstructural behavior of the nuclear fuel system materials and matrices. The purpose of this paper is to identify the modeling and simulation approach in order to deliver predictive tools for advanced fuels development. The coordination between experimental nuclear fuel design, development technical experts, and computational fuel modeling and simulation technical experts is a critical aspect of the approach and naturally leads to an integrated, goal-oriented science-based R & D approach and strengthens both the experimental and computational efforts. The Advanced Fuels Campaign (AFC) and Nuclear Energy Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NEAMS) Fuels Integrated Performance and Safety Code (IPSC) are working together to determine experimental data and modeling needs. The primary objective of the NEAMS fuels IPSC project is to deliver a coupled, three-dimensional, predictive computational platform for modeling the fabrication and both normal and abnormal operation of nuclear fuel pins and assemblies, applicable to both existing and future reactor fuel designs. The science based program is pursuing the development of an integrated multi-scale and multi-physics modeling and simulation platform for nuclear fuels. This overview paper discusses the vision, goals and approaches how to develop and implement the new approach.

  1. Building enterprise reuse program--A model-based approach

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梅宏; 杨芙清

    2002-01-01

    Reuse is viewed as a realistically effective approach to solving software crisis. For an organization that wants to build a reuse program, technical and non-technical issues must be considered in parallel. In this paper, a model-based approach to building systematic reuse program is presented. Component-based reuse is currently a dominant approach to software reuse. In this approach, building the right reusable component model is the first important step. In order to achieve systematic reuse, a set of component models should be built from different perspectives. Each of these models will give a specific view of the components so as to satisfy different needs of different persons involved in the enterprise reuse program. There already exist some component models for reuse from technical perspectives. But less attention is paid to the reusable components from a non-technical view, especially from the view of process and management. In our approach, a reusable component model--FLP model for reusable component--is introduced. This model describes components from three dimensions (Form, Level, and Presentation) and views components and their relationships from the perspective of process and management. It determines the sphere of reusable components, the time points of reusing components in the development process, and the needed means to present components in terms of the abstraction level, logic granularity and presentation media. Being the basis on which the management and technical decisions are made, our model will be used as the kernel model to initialize and normalize a systematic enterprise reuse program.

  2. Gender Homophily, Ph.D. Completion, and Time to Degree in the Humanities and Humanistic Social Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Main, Joyce B.

    2014-01-01

    Doctoral programs in the humanities and humanistic social sciences contend with relatively lower graduation rates and longer duration to degree. While reforming graduate education can include changes to financial aid awards and program requirements, enhancements in the area of advising can also improve student educational experiences and outcomes…

  3. 人文理念在现代医院的体现%The Practice of Humanistic Idea in Modern Hospital

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马国平; 杨京利; 张永; 高萍; 何明武

    2013-01-01

    Humanistic care and philosophy could be achieved in the procedure of diagnosis and treatment in medical staff by transpositonal consideration,converting the model of medicine,strengthening communication and concerning for details in humanistic care.Humanistic care could be achieved in medical service by beautifying the environment of hospital,optimizing treatment process and medical expenses deduction.Humanistic care could also be achieved in hospital administration by innovating management system,perfecting management mechanism and optimizing personal evaluation system.%医院人文理念和人文关怀体现在诊疗活动中,通过医务人员的换位思考、医学模式的转变、加强沟通和从细节上实施人文关怀等实现;人文关怀体现在医院服务中,通过美化就医环境、优化就医流程和惠民服务等实现;人文关怀也体现在医院的管理中,通过创新管理体制、完善经营机制和优化考评体系等实现.

  4. Syntactic and Sentence Feature Based Hybrid Approach for Text Summarization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D.Y. Sakhare

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Recently, there has been a significant research in automatic text summarization using feature-based techniques in which most of them utilized any one of the soft computing techniques. But, making use of syntactic structure of the sentences for text summarization has not widely applied due to its difficulty of handling it in summarization process. On the other hand, feature-based technique available in the literature showed efficient results in most of the techniques. So, combining syntactic structure into the feature-based techniques is surely smooth the summarization process in a way that the efficiency can be achieved. With the intention of combining two different techniques, we have presented an approach of text summarization that combines feature and syntactic structure of the sentences. Here, two neural networks are trained based on the feature score and the syntactic structure of sentences. Finally, the two neural networks are combined with weighted average to find the sentence score of the sentences. The experimentation is carried out using DUC 2002 dataset for various compression ratios. The results showed that the proposed approach achieved F-measure of 80% for the compression ratio 50 % that proved the better results compared with the existing techniques.

  5. Query Based Approach Towards Spam Attacks Using Artificial Neural Network

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gaurav Kumar Tak

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Currently, spam and scams are passive attack over the inbox which can initiated to steal some confidential information, to spread Worms, Viruses, Trojans, cookies and Sometimes they are used for phishing attacks. Spam mails are the major issue over mail boxes as well as over the internet. Spam mails can be the cause of phishing attack, hacking of banking accounts, attacks on confidential data. Spamming is growing at a rapid rate since sending a flood of mails is easy and very cheap. Spam mails disturb the mind-peace, waste time and consume various resources e.g., memory space and network bandwidth, so filtering of spam mails is a big issue in cyber security. This paper presents an novel approach of spam filtering which is based on some query generated approach on the knowledge base and also use some artificial neural network methods to detect the spam mails based on their behavior. analysis of the mail header, cross validation. Proposed methodology includes the 7 several steps which are well defined and achieve the higher accuracy. It works well with all kinds of spam mails (text based spam as well as image spam. Our tested data and experiments results shows promising results, and spam’s are detected out at least 98.17 % with 0.12% false positive.

  6. ARABIC PERSON NAMES RECOGNITION BY USING A RULE BASED APPROACH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammed Aboaoga

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Name Entity Recognition is very important task in many natural language processing applications such as; Machine Translation, Question Answering, Information Extraction, Text Summarization, Semantic Applications and Word Sense Disambiguation. Rule-based approach is one of the techniques that are used for named entity recognition to identify the named entities such as a person names, location names and organization names. The recent rule-based methods have been applied to recognize the person names in political domain. They ignored the recognition of other named entity types such as locations and organizations. We have used the rule based approach for recognizing the named entity type (person names for Arabic. We have developed four rules for identifying the person names depending on the position of name. We have used an in-house Arabic corpus collected from newspaper achieves. The evaluation method that compares the results of the system with the manually annotated text has been applied in order to compute precision, recall and f-measure. In the experiment of this study, the average f-measure for recognizing person names are (92.66, 92.04 and 90.43% in sport, economic and politic domain respectively. The experimental results showed that our rule-based method achieved the highest f-measure values in sport domain comparing with political and economic domains.

  7. EFL READING INSTRUCTION: COMMUNICATIVE TASK-BASED APPROACH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harison Mohd Sidek

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to examine the overarching framework of EFL (English as a Foreign Language reading instructional approach reflected in an EFL secondary school curriculum in Malaysia. Based on such analysis, a comparison was made if Communicative Task-Based Language is the overarching instructional approach for the Malaysian EFL secondary reading curriculum. This study used document reviews as the primary data collection. The coding of data analysis was based on the modifications of the components of Richards and Rodgers’s (2001 analysis of language teaching model. The curriculum was examined in terms of theories of SLA, theories of L2 reading as well as learner roles in relation to Communicative Task-Based Language Teaching (CTBLT characteristics. The findings of the study suggest that the majority of reading tasks in the selected EFL secondary reading curriculum is highly lacking CTBLT characteristics. The results of the study were discussed in relation to the current Malaysian EFL secondary curriculum framework and their implications on the EFL reading at the tertiary level.

  8. Matching sensors to missions using a knowledge-based approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Preece, Alun; Gomez, Mario; de Mel, Geeth; Vasconcelos, Wamberto; Sleeman, Derek; Colley, Stuart; Pearson, Gavin; Pham, Tien; La Porta, Thomas

    2008-04-01

    Making decisions on how best to utilise limited intelligence, surveillance and reconnaisance (ISR) resources is a key issue in mission planning. This requires judgements about which kinds of available sensors are more or less appropriate for specific ISR tasks in a mission. A methodological approach to addressing this kind of decision problem in the military context is the Missions and Means Framework (MMF), which provides a structured way to analyse a mission in terms of tasks, and assess the effectiveness of various means for accomplishing those tasks. Moreover, the problem can be defined as knowledge-based matchmaking: matching the ISR requirements of tasks to the ISR-providing capabilities of available sensors. In this paper we show how the MMF can be represented formally as an ontology (that is, a specification of a conceptualisation); we also represent knowledge about ISR requirements and sensors, and then use automated reasoning to solve the matchmaking problem. We adopt the Semantic Web approach and the Web Ontology Language (OWL), allowing us to import elements of existing sensor knowledge bases. Our core ontologies use the description logic subset of OWL, providing efficient reasoning. We describe a prototype tool as a proof-of-concept for our approach. We discuss the various kinds of possible sensor-mission matches, both exact and inexact, and how the tool helps mission planners consider alternative choices of sensors.

  9. Pedestrian detection from thermal images: A sparse representation based approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qi, Bin; John, Vijay; Liu, Zheng; Mita, Seiichi

    2016-05-01

    Pedestrian detection, a key technology in computer vision, plays a paramount role in the applications of advanced driver assistant systems (ADASs) and autonomous vehicles. The objective of pedestrian detection is to identify and locate people in a dynamic environment so that accidents can be avoided. With significant variations introduced by illumination, occlusion, articulated pose, and complex background, pedestrian detection is a challenging task for visual perception. Different from visible images, thermal images are captured and presented with intensity maps based objects' emissivity, and thus have an enhanced spectral range to make human beings perceptible from the cool background. In this study, a sparse representation based approach is proposed for pedestrian detection from thermal images. We first adopted the histogram of sparse code to represent image features and then detect pedestrian with the extracted features in an unimodal and a multimodal framework respectively. In the unimodal framework, two types of dictionaries, i.e. joint dictionary and individual dictionary, are built by learning from prepared training samples. In the multimodal framework, a weighted fusion scheme is proposed to further highlight the contributions from features with higher separability. To validate the proposed approach, experiments were conducted to compare with three widely used features: Haar wavelets (HWs), histogram of oriented gradients (HOG), and histogram of phase congruency (HPC) as well as two classification methods, i.e. AdaBoost and support vector machine (SVM). Experimental results on a publicly available data set demonstrate the superiority of the proposed approach.

  10. Contingent approach to Internet-based supply network integration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ho, Jessica; Boughton, Nick; Kehoe, Dennis; Michaelides, Zenon

    2001-10-01

    The Internet is playing an increasingly important role in enhancing the operations of supply networks as many organizations begin to recognize the benefits of Internet- enabled supply arrangements. However, the developments and applications to-date do not extend significantly beyond the dyadic model, whereas the real advantages are to be made with the external and network models to support a coordinated and collaborative based approach. The DOMAIN research group at the University of Liverpool is currently defining new Internet- enabled approaches to enable greater collaboration across supply chains. Different e-business models and tools are focusing on different applications. Using inappropriate e- business models, tools or techniques will bring negative results instead of benefits to all the tiers in the supply network. Thus there are a number of issues to be considered before addressing Internet based supply network integration, in particular an understanding of supply chain management, the emergent business models and evaluating the effects of deploying e-business to the supply network or a particular tier. It is important to utilize a contingent approach to selecting the right e-business model to meet the specific supply chain requirements. This paper addresses the issues and provides a case study on the indirect materials supply networks.

  11. Java Applications Development Based on Component and Metacomponent Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danijel Radošević

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Component based modeling offers new and improved approach to design, construction, implementation and evolution of software applications development. This kind of software applications development is usually represented by appropriate component model/diagram. UML, for example, offers component diagram for representation of this kind of model. On the other hand, metacomponents usage offers some new features which hardly could be achieved by using generic components. Firstly, implementation of program properties which are dispersed on different classes and other program units, i.e. aspects, is offered. This implies using automated process of assembling components and their interconnection for building applications, according to appropriate model offered in this paper, which also offers generic components usage. Benefits of this hybrid process are higher flexibility achieved by automated connection process, optimization through selective features inclusion and easier application maintenance and development. In this paper we offer an approach of application development based on hybrid component/metacomponent model. The component model is given by UML diagrams, while the metacomponent model is given by generator scripting model. We explain that hybrid approach on an example of Java Web application development.

  12. Nanotechnology-Based Approaches for Guiding Neural Regeneration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shah, Shreyas; Solanki, Aniruddh; Lee, Ki-Bum

    2016-01-19

    The mammalian brain is a phenomenal piece of "organic machinery" that has fascinated scientists and clinicians for centuries. The intricate network of tens of billions of neurons dispersed in a mixture of chemical and biochemical constituents gives rise to thoughts, feelings, memories, and life as we know it. In turn, subtle imbalances or damage to this system can cause severe complications in physical, motor, psychological, and cognitive function. Moreover, the inevitable loss of nerve tissue caused by degenerative diseases and traumatic injuries is particularly devastating because of the limited regenerative capabilities of the central nervous system (i.e., the brain and spinal cord). Among current approaches, stem-cell-based regenerative medicine has shown the greatest promise toward repairing and regenerating destroyed neural tissue. However, establishing controlled and reliable methodologies to guide stem cell differentiation into specialized neural cells of interest (e.g., neurons and oligodendrocytes) has been a prevailing challenge in the field. In this Account, we summarize the nanotechnology-based approaches our group has recently developed to guide stem-cell-based neural regeneration. We focus on three overarching strategies that were adopted to selectively control this process. First, soluble microenvironmental factors play a critical role in directing the fate of stem cells. Multiple factors have been developed in the form of small-molecule drugs, biochemical analogues, and DNA/RNA-based vectors to direct neural differentiation. However, the delivery of these factors with high transfection efficiency and minimal cytotoxicity has been challenging, especially to sensitive cell lines such as stem cells. In our first approach, we designed nanoparticle-based systems for the efficient delivery of such soluble factors to control neural differentiation. Our nanoparticles, comprising either organic or inorganic elements, were biocompatible and offered

  13. Rights-Based Approaches to Ensure Sustainable Nutrition Security.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banerjee, Sweta

    2016-01-01

    In India, a rights-based approach has been used to address large-scale malnutrition, including both micro- and macro-level nutrition deficiencies. Stunting, which is an intergenerational chronic consequence of malnutrition, is especially widespread in India (38% among children under 5 years old). To tackle this problem, the government of India has designed interventions for the first 1,000 days, a critical period of the life cycle, through a number of community-based programs to fulfill the rights to food and life. However, the entitlements providing these rights have not yet produced the necessary changes in the malnutrition status of people, especially women and children. The government of India has already implemented laws and drafted a constitution that covers the needs of its citizens, but corruption, bureaucracy, lack of awareness of rights and entitlements and social discrimination limit people's access to basic rights and services. To address this crisis, Welthungerhilfe India, working in remote villages of the most backward states in India, has shifted from a welfare-based approach to a rights-based approach. The Fight Hunger First Initiative, started by Welthungerhilfe in 2011, is designed on the premise that in the long term, poor people can only leave poverty behind if adequate welfare systems are in place and if basic rights are fulfilled; these rights include access to proper education, sufficient access to adequate food and income, suitable health services and equal rights. Only then can the next generation of disadvantaged populations look forward to a new and better future and can growth benefit the entire society. The project, co-funded by the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development, is a long-term multi-sectoral program that involves institution-building and empowerment.

  14. Bridging Ayurveda with evidence-based scientific approaches in medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patwardhan, Bhushan

    2014-01-01

    This article reviews contemporary approaches for bridging Ayurveda with evidence-based medicine. In doing so, the author presents a pragmatic assessment of quality, methodology and extent of scientific research in Ayurvedic medicine. The article discusses the meaning of evidence and indicates the need to adopt epistemologically sensitive methods and rigorous experimentation using modern science. The author critically analyzes the status of Ayurvedic medicine based on personal observations, peer interactions and published research. This review article concludes that traditional knowledge systems like Ayurveda and modern scientific evidence-based medicine should be integrated. The author advocates that Ayurvedic researchers should develop strategic collaborations with innovative initiatives like 'Horizon 2020' involving predictive, preventive and personalized medicine (PPPM).

  15. APPROACH ON INTELLIGENT OPTIMIZATION DESIGN BASED ON COMPOUND KNOWLEDGE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yao Jianchu; Zhou Ji; Yu Jun

    2003-01-01

    A concept of an intelligent optimal design approach is proposed, which is organized by a kind of compound knowledge model. The compound knowledge consists of modularized quantitative knowledge, inclusive experience knowledge and case-based sample knowledge. By using this compound knowledge model, the abundant quantity information of mathematical programming and the symbolic knowledge of artificial intelligence can be united together in this model. The intelligent optimal design model based on such a compound knowledge and the automatically generated decomposition principles based on it are also presented. Practically, it is applied to the production planning, process schedule and optimization of production process of a refining & chemical work and a great profit is achieved. Specially, the methods and principles are adaptable not only to continuous process industry, but also to discrete manufacturing one.

  16. Scattered Data Processing Approach Based on Optical Facial Motion Capture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qiang Zhang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, animation reconstruction of facial expressions has become a popular research field in computer science and motion capture-based facial expression reconstruction is now emerging in this field. Based on the facial motion data obtained using a passive optical motion capture system, we propose a scattered data processing approach, which aims to solve the common problems of missing data and noise. To recover missing data, given the nonlinear relationships among neighbors with the current missing marker, we propose an improved version of a previous method, where we use the motion of three muscles rather than one to recover the missing data. To reduce the noise, we initially apply preprocessing to eliminate impulsive noise, before our proposed three-order quasi-uniform B-spline-based fitting method is used to reduce the remaining noise. Our experiments showed that the principles that underlie this method are simple and straightforward, and it delivered acceptable precision during reconstruction.

  17. An Efficient Fuzzy Clustering-Based Approach for Intrusion Detection

    CERN Document Server

    Nguyen, Huu Hoa; Darmont, Jérôme

    2011-01-01

    The need to increase accuracy in detecting sophisticated cyber attacks poses a great challenge not only to the research community but also to corporations. So far, many approaches have been proposed to cope with this threat. Among them, data mining has brought on remarkable contributions to the intrusion detection problem. However, the generalization ability of data mining-based methods remains limited, and hence detecting sophisticated attacks remains a tough task. In this thread, we present a novel method based on both clustering and classification for developing an efficient intrusion detection system (IDS). The key idea is to take useful information exploited from fuzzy clustering into account for the process of building an IDS. To this aim, we first present cornerstones to construct additional cluster features for a training set. Then, we come up with an algorithm to generate an IDS based on such cluster features and the original input features. Finally, we experimentally prove that our method outperform...

  18. A cloud-based approach to medical NLP.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chard, Kyle; Russell, Michael; Lussier, Yves A; Mendonça, Eneida A; Silverstein, Jonathan C

    2011-01-01

    Natural Language Processing (NLP) enables access to deep content embedded in medical texts. To date, NLP has not fulfilled its promise of enabling robust clinical encoding, clinical use, quality improvement, and research. We submit that this is in part due to poor accessibility, scalability, and flexibility of NLP systems. We describe here an approach and system which leverages cloud-based approaches such as virtual machines and Representational State Transfer (REST) to extract, process, synthesize, mine, compare/contrast, explore, and manage medical text data in a flexibly secure and scalable architecture. Available architectures in which our Smntx (pronounced as semantics) system can be deployed include: virtual machines in a HIPAA-protected hospital environment, brought up to run analysis over bulk data and destroyed in a local cloud; a commercial cloud for a large complex multi-institutional trial; and within other architectures such as caGrid, i2b2, or NHIN.

  19. Automatic Facial Expression Recognition Based on Hybrid Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali K. K. Bermani

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The topic of automatic recognition of facial expressions deduce a lot of researchers in the late last century and has increased a great interest in the past few years. Several techniques have emerged in order to improve the efficiency of the recognition by addressing problems in face detection and extraction features in recognizing expressions. This paper has proposed automatic system for facial expression recognition which consists of hybrid approach in feature extraction phase which represent a combination between holistic and analytic approaches by extract 307 facial expression features (19 features by geometric, 288 feature by appearance. Expressions recognition is performed by using radial basis function (RBF based on artificial neural network to recognize the six basic emotions (anger, fear, disgust, happiness, surprise, sadness in addition to the natural.The system achieved recognition rate 97.08% when applying on person-dependent database and 93.98% when applying on person-independent.

  20. A Component Based Approach to Scientific Workflow Management

    CERN Document Server

    Le Goff, Jean-Marie; Baker, Nigel; Brooks, Peter; McClatchey, Richard

    2001-01-01

    CRISTAL is a distributed scientific workflow system used in the manufacturing and production phases of HEP experiment construction at CERN. The CRISTAL project has studied the use of a description driven approach, using meta- modelling techniques, to manage the evolving needs of a large physics community. Interest from such diverse communities as bio-informatics and manufacturing has motivated the CRISTAL team to re-engineer the system to customize functionality according to end user requirements but maximize software reuse in the process. The next generation CRISTAL vision is to build a generic component architecture from which a complete software product line can be generated according to the particular needs of the target enterprise. This paper discusses the issues of adopting a component product line based approach and our experiences of software reuse.

  1. Classification approach based on association rules mining for unbalanced data

    CERN Document Server

    Ndour, Cheikh

    2012-01-01

    This paper deals with the supervised classification when the response variable is binary and its class distribution is unbalanced. In such situation, it is not possible to build a powerful classifier by using standard methods such as logistic regression, classification tree, discriminant analysis, etc. To overcome this short-coming of these methods that provide classifiers with low sensibility, we tackled the classification problem here through an approach based on the association rules learning because this approach has the advantage of allowing the identification of the patterns that are well correlated with the target class. Association rules learning is a well known method in the area of data-mining. It is used when dealing with large database for unsupervised discovery of local patterns that expresses hidden relationships between variables. In considering association rules from a supervised learning point of view, a relevant set of weak classifiers is obtained from which one derives a classification rule...

  2. A Competence-Based Approach to Sustainable Innovation Teaching

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    McAloone, Timothy Charles

    2007-01-01

    the object of a research exercise, to affect and observe various approaches to the teaching of design. Particular attention will be paid in this case to competencies, both initiated in the teaching and the evaluated in the students’ interpretation of the theoretical contents. The lessons learned from...... on sustainable innovation. By focusing particularly on the Design & Innovation programme’s fifth semester, which is entitled Innovation for Sustainability, the efforts we have made to renew the educational approach and contents in our engineering teaching will be shown in this paper. This semester has been...... the first three years of this semester’s application and teaching to approximately 55 students per year are presented and discussed. After introducing the motivation and background for establishing the education programme, the consideration of competence-based education is described, in the context...

  3. Nucleic Acid-Based Therapy Approaches for Huntington's Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatyana Vagner

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Huntington's disease (HD is caused by a dominant mutation that results in an unstable expansion of a CAG repeat in the huntingtin gene leading to a toxic gain of function in huntingtin protein which causes massive neurodegeneration mainly in the striatum and clinical symptoms associated with the disease. Since the mutation has multiple effects in the cell and the precise mechanism of the disease remains to be elucidated, gene therapy approaches have been developed that intervene in different aspects of the condition. These approaches include increasing expression of growth factors, decreasing levels of mutant huntingtin, and restoring cell metabolism and transcriptional balance. The aim of this paper is to outline the nucleic acid-based therapeutic strategies that have been tested to date.

  4. NEW APPROACH FOR IMAGE REPRESENTATION BASED ON GEOMETRIC STRUCTURAL CONTENTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jia Xiaomeng; Wang Guoyu

    2003-01-01

    This paper presents a novel approach for representation of image contents based on edge structural features. Edge detection is carried out for an image in the pre-processing stage.For feature representation, edge pixels are grouped into a set of segments through geometrical partitioning of the whole edge image. Then the invariant feature vector is computed for each edge-pixel segment. Thereby the image is represented with a set of spatially distributed feature vectors, each of which describes the local pattern of edge structures. Matching of two images can be achieved by the correspondence of two sets of feature vectors. Without the difficulty of image segmentation and object extraction due to the complexity of the real world images, the proposed approach provides a simple and flexible description for the image with complex scene, in terms of structural features of the image content. Experiments with real images illustrate the effectiveness of this new method.

  5. An Agent Based approach to design Serious Game

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Gentile

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Serious games are designed to train and educate learners, opening up new learning approaches like exploratory learning and situated cognition.  Despite growing interest in these games, their design is still an artisan process.On the basis of experiences in designing computer simulation, this paper proposes an agent-based approach to guide the design process of a serious game. The proposed methodology allows the designer to strike the right equilibrium between educational effectiveness and entertainment, realism and complexity.The design of the PNPVillage game is used as a case study. The PNPVillage game aims to introduce and foster an entrepreneurial mindset among young students. It was implemented within the framework of the European project “I  can… I cannot… I go!” Rev.2

  6. Robust adaptive beamforming algorithm based on Bayesian approach

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xin SONG; Jinkuan WANG; Yinghua HAN; Han WANG

    2008-01-01

    The performance of adaptive array beamform-ing algorithms substantially degrades in practice because of a slight mismatch between actual and presumed array res-ponses to the desired signal. A novel robust adaptive beam-forming algorithm based on Bayesian approach is therefore proposed. The algorithm responds to the current envi-ronment by estimating the direction of arrival (DOA) of the actual signal from observations. Computational com-plexity of the proposed algorithm can thus be reduced com-pared with other algorithms since the recursive method is used to obtain inverse matrix. In addition, it has strong robustness to the uncertainty of actual signal DOA and makes the mean output array signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR) consistently approach the optimum. Simulation results show that the proposed algorithm is bet-ter in performance than conventional adaptive beamform-ing algorithms.

  7. Market-Based Approach to Mobile Surveillance Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmed M. Elmogy

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The active surveillance of public and private sites is increasingly becoming a very important and critical issue. It is, therefore, imperative to develop mobile surveillance systems to protect these sites. Modern surveillance systems encompass spatially distributed mobile and static sensors in order to provide effective monitoring of persistent and transient objects and events in a given area of interest (AOI. The realization of the potential of mobile surveillance requires the solution of different challenging problems such as task allocation, mobile sensor deployment, multisensor management, cooperative object detection and tracking, decentralized data fusion, and interoperability and accessibility of system nodes. This paper proposes a market-based approach that can be used to handle different problems of mobile surveillance systems. Task allocation and cooperative target tracking are studied using the proposed approach as two challenging problems of mobile surveillance systems. These challenges are addressed individually and collectively.

  8. Community-based approaches to controlling childhood asthma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Noreen M

    2012-04-01

    The prevalence and burden of childhood asthma remain high and are increasing. Asthma hot spot neighborhoods around the country face particular challenges in controlling the effects of the condition. Increasing attention is being paid to developing interventions that recognize the child and family as the primary managers of disease and to introducing assistance that reaches beyond the clinical care setting into the places where families live and work. A range of types of community-focused interventions has been assessed in the past decade in schools, homes, and community health clinics, and programs using electronic media and phone links have been evaluated. Stronger evidence for all these approaches is needed. However, school-based programs and community coalitions designed to bring about policy and systems changes show particular promise for achieving sustainable improvements in asthma control. Research is needed that emphasizes comparisons among proven asthma control interventions, translation of effective approaches to new settings and communities, and institutionalization of effective strategies.

  9. Quantum Ensemble Classification: A Sampling-Based Learning Control Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Chunlin; Dong, Daoyi; Qi, Bo; Petersen, Ian R; Rabitz, Herschel

    2017-06-01

    Quantum ensemble classification (QEC) has significant applications in discrimination of atoms (or molecules), separation of isotopes, and quantum information extraction. However, quantum mechanics forbids deterministic discrimination among nonorthogonal states. The classification of inhomogeneous quantum ensembles is very challenging, since there exist variations in the parameters characterizing the members within different classes. In this paper, we recast QEC as a supervised quantum learning problem. A systematic classification methodology is presented by using a sampling-based learning control (SLC) approach for quantum discrimination. The classification task is accomplished via simultaneously steering members belonging to different classes to their corresponding target states (e.g., mutually orthogonal states). First, a new discrimination method is proposed for two similar quantum systems. Then, an SLC method is presented for QEC. Numerical results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach for the binary classification of two-level quantum ensembles and the multiclass classification of multilevel quantum ensembles.

  10. Alcoholism and its Effects: an Approach Based on Health Psychology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria de las Mercedes Pretel Olite

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Alcoholism is a complex biopsychosocial disorder that requires a specialised and multidisciplinary approach focusing on both the patient and the family. Alcohol consumption is the most important addiction worldwide due to its prevalence and impact. Therefore, the main objective of a primary care physician should be to facilitate the referral of patients and their families to a structured treatment, support and guidance program during the whole detoxification process. In every health area in Cienfuegos, there are community mental health centers with a staff trained to deal with these disorders in addicts and their family. A literature review was conducted to establish the relationship between alcohol consumption and its harmful effects on health, family and society, using an approach based on Health Psychology.

  11. A microfabrication-based approach to quantitative isothermal titration calorimetry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Bin; Jia, Yuan; Lin, Qiao

    2016-04-15

    Isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) directly measures heat evolved in a chemical reaction to determine equilibrium binding properties of biomolecular systems. Conventional ITC instruments are expensive, use complicated design and construction, and require long analysis times. Microfabricated calorimetric devices are promising, although they have yet to allow accurate, quantitative ITC measurements of biochemical reactions. This paper presents a microfabrication-based approach to integrated, quantitative ITC characterization of biomolecular interactions. The approach integrates microfabricated differential calorimetric sensors with microfluidic titration. Biomolecules and reagents are introduced at each of a series of molar ratios, mixed, and allowed to react. The reaction thermal power is differentially measured, and used to determine the thermodynamic profile of the biomolecular interactions. Implemented in a microdevice featuring thermally isolated, well-defined reaction volumes with minimized fluid evaporation as well as highly sensitive thermoelectric sensing, the approach enables accurate and quantitative ITC measurements of protein-ligand interactions under different isothermal conditions. Using the approach, we demonstrate ITC characterization of the binding of 18-Crown-6 with barium chloride, and the binding of ribonuclease A with cytidine 2'-monophosphate within reaction volumes of approximately 0.7 µL and at concentrations down to 2mM. For each binding system, the ITC measurements were completed with considerably reduced analysis times and material consumption, and yielded a complete thermodynamic profile of the molecular interaction in agreement with published data. This demonstrates the potential usefulness of our approach for biomolecular characterization in biomedical applications. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  12. A graph-based approach for designing extensible pipelines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodrigues, Maíra R; Magalhães, Wagner C S; Machado, Moara; Tarazona-Santos, Eduardo

    2012-07-12

    In bioinformatics, it is important to build extensible and low-maintenance systems that are able to deal with the new tools and data formats that are constantly being developed. The traditional and simplest implementation of pipelines involves hardcoding the execution steps into programs or scripts. This approach can lead to problems when a pipeline is expanding because the incorporation of new tools is often error prone and time consuming. Current approaches to pipeline development such as workflow management systems focus on analysis tasks that are systematically repeated without significant changes in their course of execution, such as genome annotation. However, more dynamism on the pipeline composition is necessary when each execution requires a different combination of steps. We propose a graph-based approach to implement extensible and low-maintenance pipelines that is suitable for pipeline applications with multiple functionalities that require different combinations of steps in each execution. Here pipelines are composed automatically by compiling a specialised set of tools on demand, depending on the functionality required, instead of specifying every sequence of tools in advance. We represent the connectivity of pipeline components with a directed graph in which components are the graph edges, their inputs and outputs are the graph nodes, and the paths through the graph are pipelines. To that end, we developed special data structures and a pipeline system algorithm. We demonstrate the applicability of our approach by implementing a format conversion pipeline for the fields of population genetics and genetic epidemiology, but our approach is also helpful in other fields where the use of multiple software is necessary to perform comprehensive analyses, such as gene expression and proteomics analyses. The project code, documentation and the Java executables are available under an open source license at http://code.google.com/p/dynamic-pipeline. The system

  13. Assessment of acid-base balance. Stewart's approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fores-Novales, B; Diez-Fores, P; Aguilera-Celorrio, L J

    2016-04-01

    The study of acid-base equilibrium, its regulation and its interpretation have been a source of debate since the beginning of 20th century. Most accepted and commonly used analyses are based on pH, a notion first introduced by Sorensen in 1909, and on the Henderson-Hasselbalch equation (1916). Since then new concepts have been development in order to complete and make easier the understanding of acid-base disorders. In the early 1980's Peter Stewart brought the traditional interpretation of acid-base disturbances into question and proposed a new method. This innovative approach seems more suitable for studying acid-base abnormalities in critically ill patients. The aim of this paper is to update acid-base concepts, methods, limitations and applications. Copyright © 2015 Sociedad Española de Anestesiología, Reanimación y Terapéutica del Dolor. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  14. A practical approach to object based requirements analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drew, Daniel W.; Bishop, Michael

    1988-01-01

    Presented here is an approach developed at the Unisys Houston Operation Division, which supports the early identification of objects. This domain oriented analysis and development concept is based on entity relationship modeling and object data flow diagrams. These modeling techniques, based on the GOOD methodology developed at the Goddard Space Flight Center, support the translation of requirements into objects which represent the real-world problem domain. The goal is to establish a solid foundation of understanding before design begins, thereby giving greater assurance that the system will do what is desired by the customer. The transition from requirements to object oriented design is also promoted by having requirements described in terms of objects. Presented is a five step process by which objects are identified from the requirements to create a problem definition model. This process involves establishing a base line requirements list from which an object data flow diagram can be created. Entity-relationship modeling is used to facilitate the identification of objects from the requirements. An example is given of how semantic modeling may be used to improve the entity-relationship model and a brief discussion on how this approach might be used in a large scale development effort.

  15. COPULA BASED VaR APPROACH FOR EUROPEAN STOCKS PORTFOLIO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mária Bohdalová

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper gives stochastic assessments of the financial crisis and discusses the Value at Risk European stocks from the point of view of copula based approach. Copula techniques can be based on the connection between rank correlation and certain one–parameter bivariate copulas. This relation allows easy calibration of the parameters. We use more general numerical calibration techniques that are based on maximum likelihood estimation (MLE. Using this approach we want to estimate VaR of the EU stocks portfolio using Monte Carlo simulation. The focus will be on modelling the interdependence between two risk factor returns. We suppose that the risk factor returns have some assumed marginal distributions, which need not be identical, and their dependency is modelled with copulas. We find that standard parametric copula functions (such as Gaussian are not able to provide a good fit to the data. This is especially true when one or more of the marginal distributions has fat tails. We overcome this problem by fitting a t–copula with different marginal which can approximate any possible shape for the joint density.

  16. Big Data Analytics in Immunology: A Knowledge-Based Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guang Lan Zhang

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available With the vast amount of immunological data available, immunology research is entering the big data era. These data vary in granularity, quality, and complexity and are stored in various formats, including publications, technical reports, and databases. The challenge is to make the transition from data to actionable knowledge and wisdom and bridge the knowledge gap and application gap. We report a knowledge-based approach based on a framework called KB-builder that facilitates data mining by enabling fast development and deployment of web-accessible immunological data knowledge warehouses. Immunological knowledge discovery relies heavily on both the availability of accurate, up-to-date, and well-organized data and the proper analytics tools. We propose the use of knowledge-based approaches by developing knowledgebases combining well-annotated data with specialized analytical tools and integrating them into analytical workflow. A set of well-defined workflow types with rich summarization and visualization capacity facilitates the transformation from data to critical information and knowledge. By using KB-builder, we enabled streamlining of normally time-consuming processes of database development. The knowledgebases built using KB-builder will speed up rational vaccine design by providing accurate and well-annotated data coupled with tailored computational analysis tools and workflow.

  17. Minimal incision surgery in strabismus: Modified fornix-based approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pérez-Flores, I

    2016-07-01

    To evaluate the modified fornix-based technique as an approach for minimal incision surgery in strabismus. The medical records of all consecutive patients that underwent strabismus surgery with fornix-based conjunctival incision between 2007 and 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. As a primary variable, an analysis was made of the wound size depending on the number of stitches. A descriptive study was performed on the variables related to patients and to the type of strabismus and surgery. Out of 153patients identified, 138 with 294 surgeries were included. In 200 (68%) interventions, the incision was sutured with one stitch, in 77 (26.2%) with 2, in 13 (4.4%) with 3, and in 4 (1.4%) with 4, with the mean number of stitches being 1.39±0.64. The mean age of the patients was 39years (2-80), and 36 (26.1%) had previous strabismus surgery, with topical anaesthesia being used in 35 (25.4%) cases. At 3months after surgery deviation was ≤10DP in 114 (82.6%) patients. There were no wound-related complications. The modified fornix-based technique is an effective and safe approach for minimal incision surgery in strabismus, in patients at all ages, with previous history of strabismus surgery and with topical anaesthesia. Copyright © 2015 Sociedad Española de Oftalmología. Published by Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  18. Lessons Learned From Community-Based Approaches to Sodium Reduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kane, Heather; Strazza, Karen; Losby PhD, Jan L.; Lane, Rashon; Mugavero, Kristy; Anater, Andrea S.; Frost, Corey; Margolis, Marjorie; Hersey, James

    2017-01-01

    Purpose This article describes lessons from a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention initiative encompassing sodium reduction interventions in six communities. Design A multiple case study design was used. Setting This evaluation examined data from programs implemented in six communities located in New York (Broome County, Schenectady County, and New York City); California (Los Angeles County and Shasta County); and Kansas (Shawnee County). Subjects Participants (n = 80) included program staff, program directors, state-level staff, and partners. Measures Measures for this evaluation included challenges, facilitators, and lessons learned from implementing sodium reduction strategies. Analysis The project team conducted a document review of program materials and semi structured interviews 12 to 14 months after implementation. The team coded and analyzed data deductively and inductively. Results Five lessons for implementing community-based sodium reduction approaches emerged: (1) build relationships with partners to understand their concerns, (2) involve individuals knowledgeable about specific venues early, (3) incorporate sodium reduction efforts and messaging into broader nutrition efforts, (4) design the program to reduce sodium gradually to take into account consumer preferences and taste transitions, and (5) identify ways to address the cost of lower-sodium products. Conclusion The experiences of the six communities may assist practitioners in planning community-based sodium reduction interventions. Addressing sodium reduction using a community-based approach can foster meaningful change in dietary sodium consumption. PMID:24575726

  19. Online approach to feature interaction problems in middleware based system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUANG Gang; LIU XuanZhe; MEI Hong

    2008-01-01

    As a popular infrastructure for distributed systems running on the Internet, middle-ware has to support much more diverse and complex interactions for coping with the drastically increasing demand on information technology and the extremely open and dynamic nature of the Internet. These supporting mechanisms facilitate the development, deployment, and integration of distributed systems, as well as increase the occasions for distributed systems to interact in an undesired way. The undesired interactions may cause serious problems, such as quality violation, function loss, and even system crash. In this paper, the problem is studied from the perspective of the feature interaction problem (FIP) in telecom, and an online ap-proach to the detection and solution on runtime systems is proposed. Based on a classification of middleware enabled interactions, the existence of FIP in middle-ware based systems is illustrated by four real cases and a conceptual comparison between middleware based systems and telecom systems. After that, runtime soft-ware architecture is employed to facilitate the online detection and solution of FIP. The approach is demonstrated on J2EE (Java 2 Platform Enterprise Edition) and applied to detect and resolve all of the four real cases.

  20. TOURISM SEGMENTATION BASED ON TOURISTS PREFERENCES: A MULTIVARIATE APPROACH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sérgio Dominique Ferreira

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Over the last decades, tourism became one of the most important sectors of the international economy. Specifically in Portugal and Brazil, its contribution to Gross Domestic Product (GDP and job creation is quite relevant. In this sense, to follow a strong marketing approach on the management of tourism resources of a country comes to be paramount. Such an approach should be based on innovations which help unveil the preferences of tourists with accuracy, turning it into a competitive advantage. In this context, the main objective of the present study is to illustrate the importance and benefits associated with the use of multivariate methodologies for market segmentation. Another objective of this work is to illustrate on the importance of a post hoc segmentation. In this work, the authors applied a Cluster Analysis, with a hierarchical method followed by an  optimization method. The main results of this study allow the identification of five clusters that are distinguished by assigning special importance to certain tourism attributes at the moment of choosing a specific destination. Thus, the authors present the advantages of post hoc segmentation based on tourists’ preferences, in opposition to an a priori segmentation based on socio-demographic characteristics.

  1. A web-based approach to data imputation

    KAUST Repository

    Li, Zhixu

    2013-10-24

    In this paper, we present WebPut, a prototype system that adopts a novel web-based approach to the data imputation problem. Towards this, Webput utilizes the available information in an incomplete database in conjunction with the data consistency principle. Moreover, WebPut extends effective Information Extraction (IE) methods for the purpose of formulating web search queries that are capable of effectively retrieving missing values with high accuracy. WebPut employs a confidence-based scheme that efficiently leverages our suite of data imputation queries to automatically select the most effective imputation query for each missing value. A greedy iterative algorithm is proposed to schedule the imputation order of the different missing values in a database, and in turn the issuing of their corresponding imputation queries, for improving the accuracy and efficiency of WebPut. Moreover, several optimization techniques are also proposed to reduce the cost of estimating the confidence of imputation queries at both the tuple-level and the database-level. Experiments based on several real-world data collections demonstrate not only the effectiveness of WebPut compared to existing approaches, but also the efficiency of our proposed algorithms and optimization techniques. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York.

  2. Big data analytics in immunology: a knowledge-based approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Guang Lan; Sun, Jing; Chitkushev, Lou; Brusic, Vladimir

    2014-01-01

    With the vast amount of immunological data available, immunology research is entering the big data era. These data vary in granularity, quality, and complexity and are stored in various formats, including publications, technical reports, and databases. The challenge is to make the transition from data to actionable knowledge and wisdom and bridge the knowledge gap and application gap. We report a knowledge-based approach based on a framework called KB-builder that facilitates data mining by enabling fast development and deployment of web-accessible immunological data knowledge warehouses. Immunological knowledge discovery relies heavily on both the availability of accurate, up-to-date, and well-organized data and the proper analytics tools. We propose the use of knowledge-based approaches by developing knowledgebases combining well-annotated data with specialized analytical tools and integrating them into analytical workflow. A set of well-defined workflow types with rich summarization and visualization capacity facilitates the transformation from data to critical information and knowledge. By using KB-builder, we enabled streamlining of normally time-consuming processes of database development. The knowledgebases built using KB-builder will speed up rational vaccine design by providing accurate and well-annotated data coupled with tailored computational analysis tools and workflow.

  3. The humanistic psychology-positive psychology divide: contrasts in philosophical foundations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waterman, Alan S

    2013-04-01

    The relationship between the fields of humanistic and positive psychology has been marked by continued tension and ambivalence. This tension can be traced to extensive differences in the philosophical grounding characterizing the two perspectives within psychology. These differences exist with respect to (a) ontology, including the ways in which human nature is conceptualized regarding human potentials and well-being; (b) epistemology, specifically, the choice of research strategies for the empirical study of these concepts; and (c) practical philosophy, particularly the goals and strategies adopted when conducting therapy or undertaking counseling interventions. Because of this philosophical divide, adherents of the two perspectives may best be advised to pursue separately their shared desire to understand and promote human potentials and well-being.

  4. Neuroanthropology: a humanistic science for the study of the culture–brain nexus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turner, Robert; Lewis, E. Douglas; Egan, Gary

    2010-01-01

    In this article, we argue that a combined anthropology/neuroscience field of enquiry can make a significant and distinctive contribution to the study of the relationship between culture and the brain. This field, which can appropriately be termed as neuroanthropology, is conceived of as being complementary to and mutually informative with social and cultural neuroscience. We start by providing an introduction to the culture concept in anthropology. We then present a detailed characterization of neuroanthropology and its methods and how they relate to the anthropological understanding of culture. The field is described as a humanistic science, that is, a field of enquiry founded on the perceived epistemological and methodological interdependence of science and the humanities. We also provide examples that illustrate the proposed methodological model for neuroanthropology. We conclude with a discussion about specific contributions the field can make to the study of the culture–brain nexus. PMID:19654141

  5. [Analysis of humanistic theory and interpersonal relations of nurses in newborn care].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rolim, Karla Maria Carneiro; Pagliuca, Lorita Marlena Freitag; Leitão Cardoso, Maria Vera Lúcia M

    2005-01-01

    Theories are propositions created to evaluate nursing care, allowing nurses to consider and incorporate them in their professional practice. This Masters study was aimed at thinking critically about the practical usefulness of the concepts of Humanistic Nursing Theory. This descriptive-reflexive study was carried out in 2004 and used Meleis' model for the analysis of theories. The "critique of theory" segment was taken from this model to be used as an analytical tool, with emphasis on the "usefulness" parameter. The critical analysis revealed the notorious "usefulness" of interpersonal relations and dialogue, which can be used in daily practice at the Newborn Intensive Care Unit, valuing the human affective relations, which are essential for nursing care. Nursing practice should be guided by theoretical, philosophical, and methodological reference frameworks, responsible for making professionals reflect critically on themselves and their practice.

  6. François Arago a 19th century French humanist and pioneer in astrophysics

    CERN Document Server

    Lequeux, James

    2016-01-01

    François Arago, the first to show in 1810 that the surface of the Sun and stars is made of incandescent gas and not solid or liquid, was a prominent physicist of the 19th century. He used his considerable influence to help Fresnel, Ampere and others develop their ideas and make themselves known. This book covers his personal contributions to physics, astronomy, geodesy and oceanography, which are far from negligible, but insufficiently known. Arago was also an important and influential political man who, for example, abolished slavery in the French colonies. One of the last humanists, he had a very broad culture and range of interests. In parallel to his biography, this title also covers the spectacular progresses of science at the time of Arago, especially in France: the birth of physical optics, electromagnetism and thermodynamics. Francois Arago’s life is a fascinating epic tale that reads as a novel.

  7. CT findings in acute peritonitis: a pattern-based approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Filippone, Antonella; Cianci, Roberta; Pizzi, Andrea Delli; Esposito, Gianluigi; Pulsone, Pierluigi; Tavoletta, Alessandra; Timpani, Mauro; Cotroneo, Antonio Raffaele

    2015-01-01

    Many inflammatory and infectious entities may acutely affect the peritoneum causing a thickening of its layers. Unfortunately, several acute peritoneal diseases can have overlapping features, both clinically and at imaging. Therefore, the awareness of the clinical context, although useful, may be sometimes insufficient to identify the underlying cause. This article provides a specific computed tomography-based approach including morphologic characteristics of peritoneal thickening (e.g., smooth, irregular, or nodular) and ancillary findings to narrow the differential diagnosis of acute peritonitis. PMID:26359872

  8. Reconfigurable diplexer based on switched delay line approach

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhurbenko, Vitaliy; Acar, Öncel; Ruaro, Andrea;

    2013-01-01

    In this work, a concept for the realization of a reconfigurable microwave multiplexer based on a switched delay-line topology is presented. The multiplexing concept is studied by considering a diplexer example. The topology provides two times reduction in the number of filters in comparison...... to the conventional directional filter approach. The switched delay-line topology enables the lossy and nonlinear switching elements to be used as a part of the coupling elements rather than within the resonators. Therefore, the diplexer potentially allows for a low insertion loss and high linearity. In addition...

  9. Network-based approach to online cursive script recognition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sin, B K; Ha, J Y; Oh, S C; Kim, J H

    1999-01-01

    The idea of combining the network of HMMs and the dynamic programming-based search is highly relevant to online handwriting recognition. The word model of HMM network can be systematically constructed by concatenating letter and ligature HMM's while sharing common ones. Character recognition in such a network can be defined as the task of best aligning a given input sequence to the best path in the network. One distinguishing feature of the approach is that letter segmentation is obtained simultaneously with recognition but no extra computation is required.

  10. A Multiple Model Approach to Modeling Based on LPF Algorithm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Input-output data fitting methods are often used for unknown-structure nonlinear system modeling. Based on model-on-demand tactics, a multiple model approach to modeling for nonlinear systems is presented. The basic idea is to find out, from vast historical system input-output data sets, some data sets matching with the current working point, then to develop a local model using Local Polynomial Fitting (LPF) algorithm. With the change of working points, multiple local models are built, which realize the exact modeling for the global system. By comparing to other methods, the simulation results show good performance for its simple, effective and reliable estimation.``

  11. Infections on Temporal Networks—A Matrix-Based Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koher, Andreas; Lentz, Hartmut H. K.; Hövel, Philipp; Sokolov, Igor M.

    2016-01-01

    We extend the concept of accessibility in temporal networks to model infections with a finite infectious period such as the susceptible-infected-recovered (SIR) model. This approach is entirely based on elementary matrix operations and unifies the disease and network dynamics within one algebraic framework. We demonstrate the potential of this formalism for three examples of networks with high temporal resolution: networks of social contacts, sexual contacts, and livestock-trade. Our investigations provide a new methodological framework that can be used, for instance, to estimate the epidemic threshold, a quantity that determines disease parameters, for which a large-scale outbreak can be expected. PMID:27035128

  12. A Clock Fingerprints-Based Approach for Wireless Transmitter Identification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Caidan; Xie, Liang; Huang, Lianfen; Yao, Yan

    Cognitive radio (CR) was proposed as one of the promising solutions for low spectrum utilization. However, security problems such as the primary user emulation (PUE) attack severely limit its applications. In this paper, we propose a clock fingerprints-based authentication approach to prevent PUE attacks in CR networks with the help of curve fitting and classifier. An experimental setup was constructed using the WLAN cards and software radio devices, and the corresponding results show that satisfied identification can be achieved for wireless transmitters.

  13. Spatial interpolation approach based on IDW with anisotropic spatial structures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jia; Duan, Ping; Sheng, Yehua; Lv, Haiyang

    2015-12-01

    In many interpolation methods, with its simple interpolation principle, Inverse distance weighted (IDW) interpolation is one of the most common interpolation method. There are anisotropic spatial structures with actual geographical spatial phenomenon. When the IDW interpolation is used, anisotropic spatial structures should be considered. Geostatistical theory has a characteristics of exploring anisotropic spatial structures. In this paper, spatial interpolation approach based on IDW with anisotropic spatial structures is proposed. The DEM data is tested in this paper to prove reliability of the IDW interpolation considering anisotropic spatial structures. Experimental results show that IDW interpolation considering anisotropic spatial structures can improve interpolation precision when sampling data has anisotropic spatial structures feature.

  14. Conceptual modelling approach of mechanical products based on functional surface

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    A modelling framework based on functional surface is presented to support conceptual design of mechanical products. The framework organizes product information in an abstract and multilevel manner. It consists of two mapping processes: function decomposition process and form reconstitution process. The steady mapping relationship from function to form (function-functional surface-form) is realized by taking functional surface as the middle layer. It farthest reduces the possibilities of combinatorial explosion that can occur during function decomposition and form reconstitution. Finally, CAD tools are developed and an auto-bender machine is applied to demonstrate the proposed approach.

  15. A CONTENT ANALYSIS ON PROBLEM-BASED LEARNING APPROACH

    OpenAIRE

    BİBER, Mahir; Esen ERSOY; KÖSE BİBER, Sezer

    2014-01-01

    Problem Based Learning is one of the learning models that contain the general principles of active learning and students can use scientific process skills. Within this research it was aimed to investigate in detail the postgraduate thesis held in Turkey about PBL approach. The content analysis method was used in the research. The study sample was consisted of a total of 64 masters and PhD thesis made between the years 2012-2013 and reached over the web. A “Content Analysis Template” prepared ...

  16. A CONTENT ANALYSIS ON PROBLEM-BASED LEARNING APPROACH

    OpenAIRE

    BİBER, Mahir; Esen ERSOY; KÖSE BİBER, Sezer

    2015-01-01

    Problem Based Learning is one of the learning models that contain the general principles of active learning and students can use scientific process skills. Within this research it was aimed to investigate in detail the postgraduate thesis held in Turkey about PBL approach. The content analysis method was used in the research. The study sample was consisted of a total of 64 masters and PhD thesis made between the years 2012-2013 and reached over the web. A “Content Analysis Template” prepared ...

  17. The humanistic and economic burden of chronic wounds: a protocol for a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Järbrink, Krister; Ni, Gao; Sönnergren, Henrik; Schmidtchen, Artur; Pang, Caroline; Bajpai, Ram; Car, Josip

    2017-01-24

    Chronic non-healing wounds present a substantial economic burden to healthcare system; significant reductions in quality of life for those affected, and precede often serious events such as limp amputations or even premature deaths. This burden is also likely to increase with a larger proportion of elderly and increasing prevalence of life-style diseases such as obesity and diabetes. Reviews of the evidence on the burden of illness associated with chronic wounds have not been comprehensive in scope and have not provided an assessment of the distribution of the health care costs across categories of resource use. This study is a systematic review of multiple databases for studies on adult patients with chronic wounds and with the primary objective to assess the impact on health-related quality of life by category of ulcers, and associated direct and indirect costs. Eligible studies will primary be empirical studies evaluating, describing or comparing measurement of quality of life and economic impact. Two reviewers will independently screen titles and abstracts and select studies involving adults with chronic wounds. These investigators will also independently extract data using a pre-designed data extraction form. Differences in applied methodologies and uncertainties will clearly be accounted for. Conservative valuations of costs and impact on health-related quality of life will be prioritised. Variations that may depend on age distribution, the categorisation of ulcer, healthcare system etc. will be described clearly. The proposed systematic review will yield a comprehensive assessment of the humanistic and economic burden of chronic wounds in an adult population. A better understanding of the humanistic and economic burden of chronic wounds is essential for policy and planning purposes, to monitor trends in disease burden and not at least in order to estimate the real-world cost-effectiveness of new treatments and therapies. PROSPERO CRD42016037496.

  18. Development of an Inquiry-Based Learning Support System Based on an Intelligent Knowledge Exploration Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Ji-Wei; Tseng, Judy C. R.; Hwang, Gwo-Jen

    2015-01-01

    Inquiry-Based Learning (IBL) is an effective approach for promoting active learning. When inquiry-based learning is incorporated into instruction, teachers provide guiding questions for students to actively explore the required knowledge in order to solve the problems. Although the World Wide Web (WWW) is a rich knowledge resource for students to…

  19. A Redundancy Based Approach for Wireless Sensor Networks Distributed Reconfiguration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bechar Rachid

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we are interested in the fault-tolerant and lifetime optimisation approaches in wireless sensor networks (WSN. We propose a WSN monitoring approach using distributed reconfiguration which is based on the concept of redundancy. This allows the sensor nodes to be organized in groups where each one will have a quite precise role. It also makes it possible to manage redundancy which will consist in leaving active only some nodes. The other redundant member nodes go into sleep mode and will be awaked using an operation of reconfiguration in case of fault. A node can be also a data source measurement, called simple node or a gateway node that may be used in several groups at the same time, and whose main role is to provide the communication function, each group is managed by a coordinator. The evaluation results of this approach showed that this distributed structure is suitable to ensure simultaneously the fault-tolerance property and to improve the performance and the network lifetime.

  20. An approach to model based testing of multiagent systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ur Rehman, Shafiq; Nadeem, Aamer

    2015-01-01

    Autonomous agents perform on behalf of the user to achieve defined goals or objectives. They are situated in dynamic environment and are able to operate autonomously to achieve their goals. In a multiagent system, agents cooperate with each other to achieve a common goal. Testing of multiagent systems is a challenging task due to the autonomous and proactive behavior of agents. However, testing is required to build confidence into the working of a multiagent system. Prometheus methodology is a commonly used approach to design multiagents systems. Systematic and thorough testing of each interaction is necessary. This paper proposes a novel approach to testing of multiagent systems based on Prometheus design artifacts. In the proposed approach, different interactions between the agent and actors are considered to test the multiagent system. These interactions include percepts and actions along with messages between the agents which can be modeled in a protocol diagram. The protocol diagram is converted into a protocol graph, on which different coverage criteria are applied to generate test paths that cover interactions between the agents. A prototype tool has been developed to generate test paths from protocol graph according to the specified coverage criterion.

  1. An Approach to Model Based Testing of Multiagent Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shafiq Ur Rehman

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Autonomous agents perform on behalf of the user to achieve defined goals or objectives. They are situated in dynamic environment and are able to operate autonomously to achieve their goals. In a multiagent system, agents cooperate with each other to achieve a common goal. Testing of multiagent systems is a challenging task due to the autonomous and proactive behavior of agents. However, testing is required to build confidence into the working of a multiagent system. Prometheus methodology is a commonly used approach to design multiagents systems. Systematic and thorough testing of each interaction is necessary. This paper proposes a novel approach to testing of multiagent systems based on Prometheus design artifacts. In the proposed approach, different interactions between the agent and actors are considered to test the multiagent system. These interactions include percepts and actions along with messages between the agents which can be modeled in a protocol diagram. The protocol diagram is converted into a protocol graph, on which different coverage criteria are applied to generate test paths that cover interactions between the agents. A prototype tool has been developed to generate test paths from protocol graph according to the specified coverage criterion.

  2. Knowledge-based approaches for river basin management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Mikulecký

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Rare attempts to use knowledge technologies and other relevant approaches are found in the river basin management. Some applications of expert systems as well as utilization of soft computing techniques (as neural networks or genetic algorithms are known in an experimental level. Knowledge management approaches still have not been used at all. In this paper we discuss knowledge-based approaches in the river basin management as a difficult yet important direction which could be proven to be helpful. We summarize the research done in the scope of the AQUIN project, one of first Czech knowledge management projects in the river basin management. The project was initiated by the water management company in Pilsen, where dispatchers make decisions about manipulations on the reservoir Nýrsko, the strategic source of drinking water for inhabitants of Pilsen. The project aim was to support dispatchers' decision making under a high degree of uncertainty or data shortage. The research is continued in the scope of a new project AQUINpro, planned for the period of 2006 to 2008.

  3. Pedestrian safety management using the risk-based approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Romanowska Aleksandra

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents a concept of a multi-level pedestrian safety management system. Three management levels are distinguished: strategic, tactical and operational. The basis for the proposed approach to pedestrian safety management is a risk-based method. In the approach the elements of behavioural and systemic theories were used, allowing for the development of a formalised and repeatable procedure integrating the phases of risk assessment and response to the hazards of road crashes involving pedestrians. Key to the method are tools supporting pedestrian safety management. According to the risk management approach, the tools can be divided into two groups: tools supporting risk assessment and tools supporting risk response. In the paper attention is paid to selected tools supporting risk assessment, with particular emphasis on the methods for estimating forecasted pedestrian safety measures (at strategic, national and regional level and identification of particularly dangerous locations in terms of pedestrian safety at tactical (regional and local and operational level. The proposed pedestrian safety management methods and tools can support road administration in making rational decisions in terms of road safety, safety of road infrastructure, crash elimination measures or reducing the consequences suffered by road users (particularly pedestrians as a result of road crashes.

  4. Normal mode-based approaches in receptor ensemble docking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavasotto, Claudio N

    2012-01-01

    Explicitly accounting for target flexibility in docking still constitutes a difficult challenge due to the high dimensionality of the conformational space to be sampled. This especially applies to the high-throughput scenario, where the screening of hundreds of thousands compounds takes place. The use of multiple receptor conformations (MRCs) to perform ensemble docking in a sequential fashion is a simple but powerful approach that allows to incorporate binding site structural diversity in the docking process. Whenever enough experimental structures to build a diverse ensemble are not available, normal mode analysis provides an appealing and efficient approach to in silico generate MRCs by distortion along few low-frequency modes that represent collective mid- and large-scale displacements. In this way, the dimension of the conformational space to be sampled is heavily reduced. This methodology is especially suited to incorporate target flexibility at the backbone level. In this chapter, the main components of normal mode-based approaches in the context of ensemble docking are presented and explained, including the theoretical and practical considerations needed for the successful development and implementation of this methodology.

  5. An annotation based approach to support design communication

    CERN Document Server

    Hisarciklilar, Onur

    2007-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to propose an approach based on the concept of annotation for supporting design communication. In this paper, we describe a co-operative design case study where we analyse some annotation practices, mainly focused on design minutes recorded during project reviews. We point out specific requirements concerning annotation needs. Based on these requirements, we propose an annotation model, inspired from the Speech Act Theory (SAT) to support communication in a 3D digital environment. We define two types of annotations in the engineering design context, locutionary and illocutionary annotations. The annotations we describe in this paper are materialised by a set of digital artefacts, which have a semantic dimension allowing express/record elements of technical justifications, traces of contradictory debates, etc. In this paper, we first clarify the semantic annotation concept, and we define general properties of annotations in the engineering design context, and the role of annotations in...

  6. Copula-Based Approach to Synthetic Population Generation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Deok-Soo

    2016-01-01

    Generating synthetic baseline populations is a fundamental step of agent-based modeling and simulation, which is growing fast in a wide range of socio-economic areas including transportation planning research. Traditionally, in many commercial and non-commercial microsimulation systems, the iterative proportional fitting (IPF) procedure has been used for creating the joint distribution of individuals when combining a reference joint distribution with target marginal distributions. Although IPF is simple, computationally efficient, and rigorously founded, it is unclear whether IPF well preserves the dependence structure of the reference joint table sufficiently when fitting it to target margins. In this paper, a novel method is proposed based on the copula concept in order to provide an alternative approach to the problem that IPF resolves. The dependency characteristic measures were computed and the results from the proposed method and IPF were compared. In most test cases, the proposed method outperformed IPF in preserving the dependence structure of the reference joint distribution. PMID:27490692

  7. GPC Using a Delta-Domain Emulator-Based Approach

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauritsen, Morten Bach; Jensen, Morten Rostgaard; Poulsen, Niels Kjølstad

    1997-01-01

    This paper describes new approaches to generalized predictive control formulated in the delta (delta) domain. A new delta-domain version of the continuous-time emulator-based predictor is presented. It is shown to contain the optimal discrete-time predictor based on incomplete information...... as a special case. Usually, a good estimate is obtained in a much longer range of samples than obtained by the optimal predictor of the same complexity. This is particularly advantageous at fast sampling rates where a `conventional' predictor is bound to become very computationally demanding. Two controllers...... are considered: one having a well-defined limit as the sampling period tends to zero, the other being a close approximation to the conventional discrete-time GPC. Both algorithms are discrete in nature and well-suited for adaptive control. The fact that delta-domain models are used does not introduce...

  8. Opportunistic splitting for scheduling using a score-based approach

    KAUST Repository

    Rashid, Faraan

    2012-06-01

    We consider the problem of scheduling a user in a multi-user wireless environment in a distributed manner. The opportunistic splitting algorithm is applied to find the best group of users without reporting the channel state information to the centralized scheduler. The users find the best among themselves while requiring just a ternary feedback from the common receiver at the end of each mini-slot. The original splitting algorithm is modified to handle users with asymmetric channel conditions. We use a score-based approach with the splitting algorithm to introduce time and throughput fairness while exploiting the multi-user diversity of the network. Analytical and simulation results are given to show that the modified score-based splitting algorithm works well as a fair scheduling scheme with good spectral efficiency and reduced feedback. © 2012 IEEE.

  9. Ontology mapping approach based on set & relation theory and OCL

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QIAN Peng-fei; ZHANG Shen-sheng; LIU Ying-hua

    2009-01-01

    An ontology mapping approach based on set & relation theory and OCL is introduced, then an ontolo-gy mapping meta-model is established which is composed of ontology related elements, mapping related elements and definition rule related elements. This ontology mapping meta-model can be regarded as a unified mechanism to realize different kinds of ontology mappings. The powerful computation capability of set and relation theory and the flexible expressive capability of OCL can be used in the computation of ontology mapping meta-model to realize the unified mapping among different ontology models. Based on the mapping meta-model, a general mapping management framework is developed to provide a common mapping storage mechanism, some mapping APIs and mapping rule APIs.

  10. Chemical Abstracts Service approach to management of large data bases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huffenberger, M A; Wigington, R L

    1975-02-01

    When information handling is "the business," as it is at Chemical Abstract Service (CAS), the total organization must be involved in information management. Since 1967, when, as a result of long-range planning efforts, CAS adopted a "data-base approach" to management of both the processing system and the distribution of information files, CAS has been grappling with the problems of managing large collections of information in computer-based systems. This paper describes what has been done at CAS in the management of large files and what we see as necessary, as a result of our experience, to improve and complete the information management system that is the foundation of our production processes.

  11. A model-data based systems approach to process intensification

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gani, Rafiqul

    In recent years process intensification (PI) has attracted much interest as a potential means of process improvement to meet the demands, such as, for sustainable production. A variety of intensified equipment are being developed that potentially creates options to meet these demands...... for focused validation of only the promising candidates in the second-stage. This approach, however, would be limited to intensification based on “known” unit operations, unless the PI process synthesis/design is considered at a lower level of aggregation, namely the phenomena level. That is, the model....... Here, established procedures for computer aided molecular design is adopted since combination of phenomena to form unit operations with desired objectives is, in principle, similar to combining atoms to form molecules with desired properties. The concept of the phenomena-based synthesis/design method...

  12. A Security Based Data Mining Approach in Data Grid

    CERN Document Server

    Vidhya, S

    2010-01-01

    Grid computing is the next logical step to distributed computing. Main objective of grid computing is an innovative approach to share resources such as CPU usage; memory sharing and software sharing. Data Grids provide transparent access to semantically related data resources in a heterogeneous system. The system incorporates both data mining and grid computing techniques where Grid application reduces the time for sending results to several clients at the same time and Data mining application on computational grids gives fast and sophisticated results to users. In this work, grid based data mining technique is used to do automatic allocation based on probabilistic mining frequent sequence algorithm. It finds frequent sequences for many users at a time with accurate result. It also includes the trust management architecture for trust enhanced security.

  13. The competence-based didactic approach in initial vocational education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Skubic-Ermenc Klara

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This article examines a didactic and curricular model that was developed to support the implementation of a competence-based approach, today prevailing in the European (initial vocational education and training (VET. It starts by presenting contemporary developments in the Slovenian VET, and then continues with a study of some of the underlying pedagogical concepts influencing the contemporary educational practice. The concept of competence, as it relates to the Slovenian VET, is discussed, and the new didactic model is presented in terms of its conceptualisation, realisation and evaluation. The model is built around the concepts of the competence- based didactic unit, and has been produced to help teachers support students in developing the ability to integrate knowledge, skills and attitudes, so that they are able to solve complex and unpredictable professional tasks and challenges. The article concludes with a discussion on the methodological limitations of the evaluation, and its transferability to other contexts.

  14. Computational approaches to substrate-based cell motility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ziebert, Falko; Aranson, Igor S.

    2016-07-01

    Substrate-based crawling motility of eukaryotic cells is essential for many biological functions, both in developing and mature organisms. Motility dysfunctions are involved in several life-threatening pathologies such as cancer and metastasis. Motile cells are also a natural realisation of active, self-propelled 'particles', a popular research topic in nonequilibrium physics. Finally, from the materials perspective, assemblies of motile cells and evolving tissues constitute a class of adaptive self-healing materials that respond to the topography, elasticity and surface chemistry of the environment and react to external stimuli. Although a comprehensive understanding of substrate-based cell motility remains elusive, progress has been achieved recently in its modelling on the whole-cell level. Here we survey the most recent advances in computational approaches to cell movement and demonstrate how these models improve our understanding of complex self-organised systems such as living cells.

  15. A model-based approach to human identification using ECG

    Science.gov (United States)

    Homer, Mark; Irvine, John M.; Wendelken, Suzanne

    2009-05-01

    Biometrics, such as fingerprint, iris scan, and face recognition, offer methods for identifying individuals based on a unique physiological measurement. Recent studies indicate that a person's electrocardiogram (ECG) may also provide a unique biometric signature. Current techniques for identification using ECG rely on empirical methods for extracting features from the ECG signal. This paper presents an alternative approach based on a time-domain model of the ECG trace. Because Auto-Regressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA) models form a rich class of descriptors for representing the structure of periodic time series data, they are well-suited to characterizing the ECG signal. We present a method for modeling the ECG, extracting features from the model representation, and identifying individuals using these features.

  16. A TQCS-based Scheduling Approach for Manufacturing Grid

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Li-lan; YU Tao; CAO Hong-wu; SHI Zhan-bei

    2004-01-01

    With Open Grid Service Architecture (OGSA) as system framework, and Globus Toolkit3.0 (GT3) as developing tools, Manufacturing Grid (MG) is proposed in this research to realize resource sharing and collaborative working among manufacturing resources, and task scheduling is one of the most critical components in this system. Nevertheless, the Globus Resource Allocation Manager (GRAM) does not provide scheduling system by default, and traditional performance-guided or economy-guided schedulers cannot satisfy our needs in MG. So, in this paper, a TQCS (Time, Quality, Cost, Service)-based scheduling approach is presented and the corresponding scheduler (Manufacturing Grid Task Scheduler, MGTS) is implemented with the functions of Global Process Planning (GPP) analyzing, resource discovery, resource selection, AHP (Analytic Hierarchy Process)-based resource mapping, and fault-tolerant handling. Furthermore, the application architecture is depicted at the end of the paper to illustrate the utilization of our scheduler.

  17. A New Design Approach to Game-Based learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Lasse Juel

    2012-01-01

    This paper puts forward a new design perspective for gamebased learning. The general idea is to abandon the long sought-after dream of designing a closed learning system, where students in both primary and secondary school could learn – without the interference of teachers – whatever subject...... collision course with off-the-shelf, commercial entertainment games. This paper promotes two different yet interconnected ideas. The first aims to describe a new design perspective for game-based learning, which in many ways not only will provoke the abovementioned latent dream of a closed game...... to ground the student’s reason to learn. This paper proposes a different approach: using visualisation in immersive 3D worlds as both documentation of learning progress and as a reward system which motivates further learning. The overall design idea is to build a game based learning system from three...

  18. A Block-Based Regularized Approach for Image Interpolation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Chen

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a new efficient algorithm for image interpolation based on regularization theory. To render a high-resolution (HR image from a low-resolution (LR image, classical interpolation techniques estimate the missing pixels from the surrounding pixels based on a pixel-by-pixel basis. In contrast, the proposed approach formulates the interpolation problem into the optimization of a cost function. The proposed cost function consists of a data fidelity term and regularization functional. The closed-form solution to the optimization problem is derived using the framework of constrained least squares minimization, by incorporating Kronecker product and singular value decomposition (SVD to reduce the computational cost of the algorithm. The effect of regularization on the interpolation results is analyzed, and an adaptive strategy is proposed for selecting the regularization parameter. Experimental results show that the proposed approach is able to reconstruct high-fidelity HR images, while suppressing artifacts such as edge distortion and blurring, to produce superior interpolation results to that of conventional image interpolation techniques.

  19. A task-based approach for Gene Ontology evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clarke, Erik L; Loguercio, Salvatore; Good, Benjamin M; Su, Andrew I

    2013-04-15

    The Gene Ontology and its associated annotations are critical tools for interpreting lists of genes. Here, we introduce a method for evaluating the Gene Ontology annotations and structure based on the impact they have on gene set enrichment analysis, along with an example implementation. This task-based approach yields quantitative assessments grounded in experimental data and anchored tightly to the primary use of the annotations. Applied to specific areas of biological interest, our framework allowed us to understand the progress of annotation and structural ontology changes from 2004 to 2012. Our framework was also able to determine that the quality of annotations and structure in the area under test have been improving in their ability to recall underlying biological traits. Furthermore, we were able to distinguish between the impact of changes to the annotation sets and ontology structure. Our framework and implementation lay the groundwork for a powerful tool in evaluating the usefulness of the Gene Ontology. We demonstrate both the flexibility and the power of this approach in evaluating the current and past state of the Gene Ontology as well as its applicability in developing new methods for creating gene annotations.

  20. Efficient Graph Based Approach to Large Scale Role Engineering

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dana Zhang

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Role engineering is the process of defining a set of roles that offer administrative benefit for Role Based Access Control (RBAC, which ensures data privacy. It is a business critical task that is required by enterprises wishing to migrate to RBAC. However, existing methods of role generation have not analysed what constitutes a beneficial role and as a result, often produce inadequate solutions in a time consuming manner. To address the urgent issue of identifying high quality RBAC structures in real enterprise environments, we present a cost based analysis of the problem for both flat and hierarchical RBAC structures. Specifically we propose two cost models to evaluate the administration cost of roles and provide a k-partite graph approach to role engineering. Existing role cost evaulations are approximations that overestimate the benefit of a role. Our method and cost models can provide exact role cost and show when existing role cost evaluations can be used as a lower bound to improve efficiency without effecting quality of results. In the first work to address role engineering using large scale real data sets, we propose RoleAnnealing, a fast solution space search algorithm with incremental computation and guided search space heuristics. Our experimental results on both real and synthetic data sets demonstrate that high quality RBAC configurations that maintain data privacy are identified efficiently by RoleAnnealing. Comparison with an existing approach shows RoleAnnealing is significantly faster and produces RBAC configurations with lower cost.