WorldWideScience

Sample records for human interpersonal relationships

  1. Development of Humane Interpersonal Relationships

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kleptsova, Elena Yuryevna; Balabanov, Anton Anatolyevich

    2016-01-01

    The article reflects some theoretical aspects of humanization of interpersonal relationships in the sphere of education. The notion "humanization of interpersonal relationships" is being analyzed. The authors offer a characterization of some parameters of relationships: orientation, modality, valence, intensity, awareness,…

  2. Improving Music Teaching through Interpersonal Relationships

    Science.gov (United States)

    Royston, Natalie Steele

    2017-01-01

    Interpersonal relationships are fundamental to learning and human development. To develop a positive and safe classroom environment with student motivation and learning, music educators need to learn to relate and connect effectively with others. This article looks at the importance of the interpersonal relationships in the classroom environment…

  3. Interpersonal relationships in early adulthood

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Interpersonal relationships in early adulthood, in people aged 25 to 30 vary considerably among individuals. Some place emphasis on partnership, and others on relations with friends. Even the relationship with parents and siblings are experienced by young adults in a variety of ways. Some have frequent and regular contact with their parents while some no longer have any relationship with their parents. These are two frequent situations hiding much more in between. Relationships are complex an...

  4. The Importance of Interpersonal Relationships

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weber, Mark J.

    2007-01-01

    The goal of our lesson in this module is for you to become acquainted with the importance of es- tablishing and maintaining a shared vision of positive professional interpersonal relationship practices among all stakeholders on your campus. This module introduces the use of administrative tools designed to help you document and measure progress…

  5. [Interpersonal relationship in technical nursing].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ribeiro, Maria Inês Lemos Coelho; Pedrão, Luiz Jorge

    2005-01-01

    Studies on the theme concerning interpersonal relationship in technical nursing are scarce or non-existent However, since this professional category has an expressive number of representatives who deliver various types of direct care to patients, it needs theoretical and pratical contents. This study aimed at investigating how the content related to this theme is addressed among the teachers of a technical school, its importance to students and its aplicability by professionals in this level. To that end, questionnaires were used. The results showed interpersonal relationship as fundamental; however; its routine applicability is not clear. This leads to the conclusion that there are difficulties to identify the real content given, thus difficulty is also supposed to exist in to put it into practice.

  6. Interpersonal Perceptions and Relationship--Types.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prisbell, Marshall; Dallinger, Judith

    A study examined the relationship of interpersonal perceptual variables to communication contexts, specifically relationship types. The variables examined were (1) interpersonal solidarity, (2) perceived homophily, (3) uncertainty reduction, (4) feeling good, (5) interpersonal attraction, (6) relational safety, and (7) self-disclosure. The…

  7. Interpersonal attraction in buyer–supplier relationships

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ellegaard, Chris

    2012-01-01

    The concept of attraction is not reserved for the study of interpersonal relationships between husband and wife, family members, or lifelong friends. On the contrary, it contains much potential as a variable describing interpersonal business exchange relationships. This potential has been noted...... future research efforts on interpersonal attraction in the buyer– supplier context. Finally, the managerial value and challenges of applying attraction to buyer–supplier exchange relationships are discussed....... by well-known industrial marketing scholars in the past, and recent theoretical advances have incorporated attraction to describe buyer– supplier exchange, although primarily at the interorganizational level of analysis. The in-depth understanding of interpersonal attraction between boundary spanners...

  8. Bulimia and Interpersonal Relationships: A Longitudinal Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thelen, Mark H.; And Others

    1990-01-01

    Assessed changes in bulimia in female college students (N=44) and in relation between bulimia and interpersonal relationships over time. Found (1) stable symptomology for normals and bulimics; (2) strong negative correlations between bulimia measures and interpersonal relationships with men; and (3) improvement in symptomology and relationships…

  9. Bulimia and Interpersonal Relationships: A Longitudinal Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thelen, Mark H.; And Others

    1990-01-01

    Assessed changes in bulimia in female college students (N=44) and in relation between bulimia and interpersonal relationships over time. Found (1) stable symptomology for normals and bulimics; (2) strong negative correlations between bulimia measures and interpersonal relationships with men; and (3) improvement in symptomology and relationships…

  10. Significance of Conflict Talk in interpersonal Relationships

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柯建华; 罗丹

    2016-01-01

    Conflict talks occur in almost every field of human life such as medicine, school, court, and some other social organizations where the interaction results are of much significance to the conversationalists, or in others words, to their status in the organization and honor in the society. A lot of conflicts go unresolved. Oppositional exchanges in a conflict may be used by participants to achieve certain goals, for instance, exploring and developing verbal skills as candidates in a debate competition do, and maintaining social hierarchies within groups or organizations such as leaders giving orders in an institution. Dealing with conflict helps to promote interpersonal relationships.

  11. Sociocultural Perspectives on Interpersonal Relationships in Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cammarota, Julio; Moll, Luis; Gonzalez, Maria; Cannella, Chiara

    2012-01-01

    In this article, the authors explore the importance of interpersonal relationships for facilitating Latino/a students' academic success, focusing on the way that dynamic notions of culture enhance their understanding of these crucial relationships. The authors discuss two types of relationships that support student success: (1) relationships with…

  12. Interpersonal mechanisms linking close relationships to health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pietromonaco, Paula R; Collins, Nancy L

    2017-09-01

    Close relationships play a vital role in human health, but much remains to be learned about specific mechanisms of action and potential avenues for intervention. This article provides an evaluation of research on close relationships processes relevant to health, drawing on themes from major relationship science theories to present a broad conceptual framework for understanding the interpersonal processes and intrapersonal pathways linking relationships to health and disease outcomes. The analysis reveals that both social connection and social disconnection broadly shape biological responses and behaviors that are consequential for health. Furthermore, emerging work offers insights into the types of social dynamics that are most consequential for health, and the potential pathways through which they operate. Following from this analysis, the authors suggest several research priorities to facilitate the translation of discoveries from relationship science into relationship-based interventions and public health initiatives. These priorities include developing finer grained theoretical models to guide research, the systematic investigation of potential mediating pathways such as dyadic influences on health behavior and physiological coregulation, and taking into account individual differences and contextual factors such as attachment style, gender, socioeconomic status, and culture. In addition, a pressing need exists for laboratory and field research to determine which types of interventions are both practical and effective. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved).

  13. Interpersonal Attraction in the Counseling Relationship.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wachowiak, Dale; Diaz, Sandra

    Murstein's Stimulus-Value-Role theory of dyadic relationships, in which attraction depends on the exchange value of the assets and liabilities each person brings to the situation, is employed as a foundation for this review of the literature on interpersonal attraction in the counseling relationship. A three-stage model, accounting for both…

  14. Interpersonal Relationships and Emotional Distress in Adolescence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kenny, Rachel; Dooley, Barbara; Fitzgerald, Amanda

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study was to examine positive and negative qualities in adolescents' interpersonal relationships and their relative importance in predicting emotional distress. Participants were 260 students from three schools in the Dublin area (119 girls; 141 boys), aged 12-18 years (M = 15.32, SD = 1.91). Students completed questionnaires…

  15. Conceptualizing Interpersonal Relationships in Agile IS Development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Sabine; Matook, Sabine

    Agile information systems development (ISD) is a people-centered approach that emphasizes frequent interaction and genuine co-operation between customers and developers. While business relationships are the norm in the workplace, agile ISD leads to the creation of close interpersonal relationships....... Drawing on relationship theory and friendship literature we propose a theoretical framework of three types of workplace relationships. The framework is used for deriving theoretical preconceptions about agile relationships and their impact on the agile ISD team’s ability to deliver valuable, working...

  16. The Role of Interpersonal Comfort in Mentoring Relationships

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allen, Tammy D.; Day, Rachel; Lentz, Elizabeth

    2005-01-01

    This research examined interpersonal comfort as a potential mediating mechanism in mentoring relationships. Results indicated that interpersonal comfort mediated the relationship between gender similarity and protege reports of career and psychosocial mentoring. Contrary to prediction, interpersonal comfort did not mediate relationships involving…

  17. The interpersonal relationship: Transitions of university professors

    OpenAIRE

    Fabiula Meneguete Vides da Silva; Cristiano José Castro de Almeida Cunha

    2014-01-01

    In this paper we search to understand the meaning of interpersonal relationships established in the processes of transition from individual contributor (teacher) to lead (dean) and leading contributor to individual universities. The phenomenological-hermeneutic approach of van Manen (1990) was used to resume the main themes of this experience. Six former university administrators lent their experiences at universities belonging to the Santa Catarina Association of Educational Foundations (ACA...

  18. INTERPERSONAL RELATIONSHIP OF HIGH SCHOOLS' TEACHERS AND TEACHERS' PROFILE

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Telli, Sibel; Cakiroglu, Jale; den Brok, Perry

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to examine associations between Turkish high school students' perceptions of their teachers' interpersonal behavior and drawn attention to the relationship between students' affective outcomes and teachers' interpersonal behavior. The Questionnaire on Teacher Interaction

  19. Creating Good Relationships: Responsiveness, Relationship Quality, and Interpersonal Goals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Canevello, Amy; Crocker, Jennifer

    2010-01-01

    Perceived partner responsiveness is a core feature of close, satisfying relationships. But how does responsiveness originate? Can people create relationships characterized by high responsiveness, and consequently, higher quality relationships? We suggest that goals contribute to cycles of responsiveness between people, improving both people’s relationship quality. The present studies examine 1) how interpersonal goals initiate responsiveness processes in close relationships, 2) the self-perpetuating nature of these processes, and 3) how responsiveness evolves dynamically over time through both intrapersonal projection and reciprocal interpersonal relationship processes. In a semester-long study of 115 roommate dyads, actors’ compassionate and self-image goals predicted a cycle of responsiveness between roommates, occurring within weeks and across the semester. In a 3-week study of 65 roommate dyads, actors’ goals again predicted cycles of responsiveness between roommates, which then contributed to both actors’ and partners’ relationship quality. Results suggest that both projection and reciprocation of responsiveness associated with compassionate goals create upward spirals of responsiveness that ultimately enhance relationship quality for both people. PMID:20565187

  20. Effectiveness of an interpersonal relationship program on interpersonal relationships, self-esteem, and depression in nursing students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoon, Hee Sang; Kim, Gyung Hee; Kim, Jiyoung

    2011-12-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of an interpersonal relationship program on interpersonal relationships, self-esteem, and depression in nursing students. This was a quasi-experiment with a nonequivalent control group pre-posttest design. Sixty-four nursing students participated in the study with 31 in the experimental group and 33 in the control group. They were from 3 different colleges of nursing located in Seoul. The interpersonal relationship program was held 10 times over 10 weeks, taking 90 minutes per session. The interpersonal relationship change scale developed by Schlein and Guemey, Rosenberg's self-esteem scale, and CED-S for depression were the instruments used in the study. The data collection period was from January 4 to March 8, 2011, and the collected data were analyzed with SPSS 14.0 using the Χ(2)-test, t-test, and paired t-test. The results showed a significant difference between the experimental group and the control group in terms of the degree of interpersonal relationships, self-esteem, and depression. The results indicate that interpersonal relationship programs have positive effects for improving interpersonal relationships and self-esteem, and decreasing depression in nursing students.

  1. Romantic Relationships and Interpersonal Violence among Adults with Developmental Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ward, Karen M.; Bosek, Rebecca L.; Trimble, Erin L.

    2010-01-01

    Romantic relationships are important in the lives of adults with developmental disabilities. The purpose of this study was to explore dating and romantic relationships among these adults and to identify the nature and extent of interpersonal violence in their relationships. A random sample of 47 women and men participated in semistructured…

  2. The Interpersonal Relationships and Social Perceptions of Adolescent Perfectionists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilman, Rich; Adams, Ryan; Nounopoulos, Alex

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated the relationship between multidimensional perfectionism, self-reported interpersonal relationships, and peer-reported prosocial, disruptive, and academic behaviors among a general sample of 984 9th-grade adolescents. Cut-scores from the "Almost Perfect Scale-Revised" (APS-R; Slaney, Rice, Mobley, Trippi, & Ashby, 2001)…

  3. Interpersonal trust and empathy in nurse-nurse relationships.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Northouse, P G

    1979-01-01

    The specific purpose of a study that examined interpersonal communication in ongoing nurse-nurse dyads was to ascertain the nature of the relationship between interpersonal trust and empathy in nurse-nurse interaction. Analysis of questionnaire data collected from a sample of 36 diploma school nursing instructors indicated slight correlations between specific trust and general trust and between general trust and empathy. A strong negative correlation was found between specific trust and empathy. Discussion centered on an explanation for the inverse relationship between specific trust and empathy and a proposed model for how trust functions in ongoing nurse-nurse dyads.

  4. Social relationships and intraindividual variability in interpersonal behavior: correlates of interpersonal spin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Côté, Stéphane; Moskowitz, D S; Zuroff, David C

    2012-03-01

    Personality constructs are typically conceptualized as central tendencies of the individual. We explore whether dynamic personality constructs that quantify the within-individual variability of behavior across situations and over time predict the closeness of social relationships. We focused on interpersonal spin, defined as the degree of dispersion in a person's interpersonal behaviors around the interpersonal circumplex across situations and over time. We predicted that individuals with high spin would have social relationships that are less close than individuals with low spin. In 3 studies with different measures of relationship closeness, we found that (a) higher spinners reported that a larger proportion of their contacts in their workplace social networks were distant (Study 1); (b) co-workers were less satisfied and less often engaged in pleasant activities with higher spinners (Study 2); and (c) co-workers avoided higher spinners with whom they were well acquainted (Study 3). Moderated mediation analyses in Study 3 revealed that co-workers avoided well-acquainted higher spinners because they felt more negative affect when interacting with these individuals. The findings suggest the potential of dynamic personality constructs for improving our understanding of the characteristics of individuals' social relationships.

  5. Anger Management Program Participants Gain Behavioral Changes in Interpersonal Relationships

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pish, Suzanne; Clark-Jones, Teresa; Eschbach, Cheryl; Tiret, Holly

    2016-01-01

    RELAX: Alternatives to Anger is an educational anger management program that helps adults understand and manage anger, develop communication skills, manage stress, and make positive behavioral changes in their interpersonal relationships. A sample of 1,168 evaluation surveys were collected from RELAX: Alternatives to Anger participants over 3…

  6. Anger Management Program Participants Gain Behavioral Changes in Interpersonal Relationships

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pish, Suzanne; Clark-Jones, Teresa; Eschbach, Cheryl; Tiret, Holly

    2016-01-01

    RELAX: Alternatives to Anger is an educational anger management program that helps adults understand and manage anger, develop communication skills, manage stress, and make positive behavioral changes in their interpersonal relationships. A sample of 1,168 evaluation surveys were collected from RELAX: Alternatives to Anger participants over 3…

  7. The dimensionality of workplace interpersonal trust and its relationship to workplace affective commitment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeffrey J Bagraim

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Trust is fundamental to the existence of human relationships, including the workplace relationship between employees and their co-workers and supervisors. This paper presents the results of a study that investigated the nature and dimensionality of interpersonal trust at work, specifically trust in co-workers and trust in supervisor. Survey questionnaire responses from 278 employees in four South African organisations were analysed. The research findings evidence that interpersonal trust is a multi-foci construct that is differentially related to corresponding foci of affective commitment.

  8. Strengthening positive interpersonal relationships at work: An antidote for burnout

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CORALIA SULEA

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Burnout is an important phenomenon for organizations and employees associated with negative outcomes. Key organizational areas, like fairness and workplace community, are responsible for employee burnout. This editorial argues for the importance of workplace community and presents the mechanisms through which dysfunctional relationships at work may contribute to burnout, as well as the processes that explain how healthy interpersonal relationships can be an antidote for burnout.

  9. The Relationship of Trait Indecisiveness to Vocational Uncertainty, Career Indecision, and Interpersonal Characteristics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, Stewart E.; And Others

    1984-01-01

    Examined the relationship between trait indecisiveness, vocational uncertainty, and interpersonal characteristics in 325 college freshmen who completed the Interpersonal Checklist and Trait Indecisiveness Scale. Limited support for the hypothesized relationship suggests the complex nature of career indecision. (JAC)

  10. Rejection Sensitivity, Jealousy, and the Relationship to Interpersonal Aggression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy, Anna M; Russell, Gemma

    2016-01-21

    The development and maintenance of interpersonal relationships lead individuals to risk rejection in the pursuit of acceptance. Some individuals are predisposed to experience a hypersensitivity to rejection that is hypothesized to be related to jealous and aggressive reactions within interpersonal relationships. The current study used convenience sampling to recruit 247 young adults to evaluate the relationship between rejection sensitivity, jealousy, and aggression. A mediation model was used to test three hypotheses: Higher scores of rejection sensitivity would be positively correlated to higher scores of aggression (Hypothesis 1); higher scores of rejection sensitivity would be positively correlated to higher scores of jealousy (Hypothesis 2); jealousy would mediate the relationship between rejection sensitivity and aggression (Hypothesis 3). Study results suggest a tendency for individuals with high rejection sensitivity to experience higher levels of jealousy, and subsequently have a greater propensity for aggression, than individuals with low rejection sensitivity. Future research that substantiates a link between hypersensitivity to rejection, jealousy, and aggression may provide an avenue for prevention, education, or intervention in reducing aggression within interpersonal relationships.

  11. [The relationship between four components of assertiveness and interpersonal behaviors, interpersonal adjustment in high school students' friendship].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watanabe, Asami

    2010-04-01

    This study examines the relationship between four components of assertiveness ("open expression", "control of emotion", "consideration for others" and "self-direction") and interpersonal behaviors on friends, interpersonal stress events, social anxiety. A questionnaire which included scales to measure the four components of assertiveness, activities with friend, considerate behavior for friends, interpersonal stress events and social anxiety was completed by 177 high school students. The results showed that "self-direction" had curvilinear relations with considerate behavior for friends, interpersonal stress events. An excessively high score for "self-direction" was associated with fewer considerate behavior and interpersonal stress events. An optimum score for "self-direction" was associated with more considerate behavior and interpersonal stress events.

  12. Interpersonal Relationships Moderate the Effect of Faces on Person Judgments

    OpenAIRE

    Tuk, Mirjam; Verlegh, Peter; Smidts, Ale; Wigboldus, Daniel

    2008-01-01

    textabstractPrevious research suggests that people form impressions of others based on their facial appearance in a very fast and automatic manner, and this especially holds for trustworthiness. However, as yet, this process has been investigated mostly in a social vacuum without taking interpersonal factors into account. In the current research, we demonstrate that both the relationship context that is salient at the moment of an interaction and the performed behavior, are important moderato...

  13. Leveraging Human Assets: Interpersonal Skill Development Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-11-01

    considering the impact of motivation on interpersonal skills. Expectancy theory ( Vroom , 1964) includes expectancy and instrumentality. Expectancy is...to persist in the expenditure of that level of effort (Campbell, McCloy, Oppler, & Sager, 1993). Expectancy theory provides a framework for...that motivates behavior. The components of expectancy theory can be applied to understanding the motivation to use social skills. Individuals

  14. Investigating Latina/o Mathematics Students' Perceptions Of Interpersonal Relationships In College Mathematics

    OpenAIRE

    Larabell, Victoria Rose

    2013-01-01

    It is known that interpersonal relationships are significant to the success of the Latina/o mathematics learner. Unfortunately, interpersonal relationships in mathematics are understudied. For this reason, this study seeks to answer the following question: How do Latina/o mathematics students perceive their interpersonal relationships with their mathematics professors, peers in mathematics, and families with respect to mathematics? To explore the role of such relationships in Latinas/os exper...

  15. Memory as Social Glue: Close Interpersonal Relationships in Amnesic Patients

    OpenAIRE

    Patrick S. R. Davidson; Drouin, Héloïse; Kwan, Donna; Moscovitch, Morris; Rosenbaum, R. Shayna

    2012-01-01

    Memory may be crucial for establishing and/or maintaining social bonds. Using the National Social life, Health, and Aging Project questionnaire, we examined close interpersonal relationships in three amnesic people: K.C. and D.A. (who are adult-onset cases) and H.C. (who has developmental amnesia). All three patients were less involved than demographically matched controls with neighbors and religious and community groups. A higher-than-normal percentage of the adult-onset (K.C. and D.A.) cas...

  16. [Visually-impaired adolescents' interpersonal relationships at school].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bezerra, Camilla Pontes; Pagliuca, Lorita Marlena Freitag

    2007-09-01

    This study describes the school environment and how interpersonal relationships are conducted in view of the needs of visually handicapped adolescents. Data were collected through observations of the physical environment of two schools in Fortaleza, Ceara, Brazil, with the support of a checklist, in order to analyze the existence of obstacles. Four visually handicapped adolescents from 14 to 20 years of age were interviewed. Conclusions were that the obstacles that hamper the free locomotion, communication, and physical and social interaction of the blind--or people with other eye disorders--during their activities at school are numerous.

  17. Exploring the dark side of interpersonal relationships between buyers and suppliers of logistics services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arno Meyer

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Individuals share information and form relationships to improve collaboration and joint organisational performance. However, managing these interpersonal relationships within a supply chain management perspective is one of the lesser understood and researched areas within this discipline.Objectives: The research was aimed to investigate the negative effects of interpersonal relationships between those individuals who represent organisations that buy and supply logistics services.Method: The research was carried out by the use of a descriptive qualitative research design. Eighteen semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 suppliers and 8 buyers of logistic services within the South African third party logistics industry.Findings: Firstly, the results indicate that the primary reason for interpersonal relationships is firstly for improved professional interest and secondly for genuine friendships. Without continuing commitment or intention to maintain the interpersonal relationship between these individuals, it is not possible to sustain the associated benefits of forming interpersonal relationships. Secondly, the findings indicate that enhanced trust, within interpersonal relationships, is similar to business-to-business partnerships which evolve through stages of exploration, formalisation and maturity. Organisations should rather focus to improve competence-based trust than individual interpersonal trust. Thirdly, relationship asymmetry, gender differences and the aptitude to adjust to disparate personalities may steer the interpersonal relationship towards the dark side. Lastly, the benefits of interpersonal relationships have been proven; however, these interpersonal relationships may be difficult to manage over time and can also be the foundation of suboptimal decisions if the relationship takes precedence over business interest.Conclusion: Managers should not underestimate the potential hegemony between individuals who

  18. Does self-esteem mediate the relationship between interpersonal problems and symptoms of disordered eating?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lampard, Amy M; Byrne, Susan M; McLean, Neil

    2011-01-01

    It has been proposed that interpersonal problems play a role in the maintenance of disordered eating because of an adverse effect on self-esteem, which in turn encourages the pursuit of achievement in the valued domain of weight and shape. This study aimed to identify the types of interpersonal problems that are associated with disordered eating and to determine whether self-esteem mediates the relationship between interpersonal problems and eating disorder symptoms. Female university students (n = 227) completed the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems-32, Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Regression analysis identified two forms of interpersonal problems that were associated with disordered eating: difficulties being sociable and being too dependent on the opinion of others. Self-esteem mediated the relationship between interpersonal problems and overevaluation of weight and shape but did not mediate the relationship between interpersonal problems and dietary restraint.

  19. Interpersonal Relationships: Exploring Race and Relationship Decisions among African American College Men

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGowan, Brian L.

    2016-01-01

    This study explores how race influenced African American men's interpersonal relationships with other men at a predominantly White institution. The use of both semi-structured and photo-elicitation interview formats provided participants an opportunity to reflect on their precollege experiences, identity, and relationships. Two categories emerged…

  20. Consequences of interpersonal spin on couple-relevant goal progress and relationship satisfaction in romantic relationships.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadikaj, Gentiana; Rappaport, Lance M; Moskowitz, D S; Zuroff, David C; Koestner, Richard; Powers, Theodore

    2015-10-01

    Large fluctuations in a person's interpersonal behavior across situations and over time are thought to be associated with poor personal and interpersonal outcomes. This study examined 2 outcomes, relationship satisfaction and goal progress, that could be associated with individual differences in dispersion of interpersonal behavior (interpersonal spin) in romantic relationships. Need satisfaction and perceived autonomy support for goal pursuit from the partner were examined as mediator variables. Spin was measured using an event-contingent recording (ECR) methodology with a sample of 93 cohabiting couples who reported their interpersonal behavior in interactions with each other during a 20-day period. Relationship satisfaction and goal completion were measured at the end of the ECR procedure (T2) and approximately 7 months after the ECR (T3). Need satisfaction and perceived autonomy support were measured at T2. In both genders, higher spin was associated with lower T2 relationship satisfaction. There was also a decline in relationship satisfaction from T2 to T3 among men with high spin partners. In both genders, higher spin was associated with lower need satisfaction, and lower need satisfaction was associated with a decline in relationship satisfaction from T2 to T3. In both genders, higher spin was associated with lower perceived autonomy support, and lower support was associated with decreased progress in goal completion from T2 to T3. The effects of spin were independent of the effects of mean levels of behavior. These findings extend the understanding of the detrimental consequences of dispersion in interpersonal behavior to the disruption of the person's romantic relationships.

  1. Interpersonal relationships management potentials for the engineering students’ development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime Arturo Castillo Elizondo

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This article is aimed at supporting the importance of the process of social relations in the engineer student training process and highly its educative potentials by means of historical analysis of its evolution. It´s obvious that talking about this subject raises a very wide and complex topic for discussion, but the paper shows you few of the results of the first stage of a research made at the Autonomous University of Nuevo León, Mexico. It shows us the results at the exploratory stage of the research; the purpose of the evolution of social relationship, as well as the description of some scores obtained through the survey techniques, that help us to identify its mainly achievements as well as its limitations. Key words: social relations, interpersonal relationships management, university training

  2. The relationship between interpersonal sensitivity, anxiety disorders and major depression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilhelm, Kay; Boyce, Philip; Brownhill, Suzanne

    2004-04-01

    While interpersonal sensitivity, as rated by the Interpersonal Sensitivity Measure (IPSM) has previously been found to be an efficient predictor of depression, there has been less interest in the relationship between the IPSM and anxiety disorders. This study examines the performance of the IPSM in discriminating between cases and non-cases of the various anxiety disorders. The contribution of depression and the perception of parental environment, to any relationships found, are also examined. A cohort of 156 men and women has been assessed at 5-yearly intervals since baseline in 1978, in their last year of teacher training. In this fourth wave of follow-up, subjects completed a series of self-report questionnaires, including the IPSM, and scales measuring neuroticism and trait depression. Perceived parental environment, measured at baseline, was also included. DSM-III-R major depression and anxiety disorders were generated using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview. The IPSM subscales were moderately stable over time. 'Timidity' was associated with agoraphobia and simple phobia, and 'separation anxiety' with agoraphobia, panic disorder and generalised anxiety disorder. 'Separation anxiety' and 'timidity' showed differential gender effects for simple phobia. 'Fragile inner self' and 'separation anxiety' were associated with subjects with a history of repeated episodes of major depression, and the former, with perception of poor parental care. The IPSM was not available for inclusion prior to the 1988 wave. While the IPSM subscales were consistently correlated with neuroticism, they displayed differential associations with specific anxiety disorders, episodes of major depression and early parental environment. These findings offer greater understanding of mechanisms concerning the relationship of vulnerability to anxiety disorders and depression.

  3. Investigation of the Relationship between Emotional Intelligence, Interpersonal Perception, and Attachment Style

    OpenAIRE

    Hughes, Naomi

    2008-01-01

    ABSTRACT The study had two objectives. The first was to construct an interpersonal perception measure and show its relationship to emotional intelligence (EI). The intention of this aim was to create a more pragmatic ‘real-life’ measure of EI. The second objective was to identify how different adult attachment orientations relate to EI. The new interpersonal perception measure (PIPT) tested participants’ accuracy in determining interpersonal relationships and mood states of individual...

  4. Difficulties with emotion regulation mediate the relationship between borderline personality disorder symptom severity and interpersonal problems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herr, Nathaniel R; Rosenthal, M Zachary; Geiger, Paul J; Erikson, Karen

    2013-08-01

    Problems with interpersonal functioning and difficulties with emotion regulation are core characteristics of borderline personality disorder (BPD). Little is known, however, about the interrelationship between these areas of dysfunction in accounting for BPD symptom severity. The present study examines a model of the relationship between difficulties with emotion regulation and interpersonal dysfunction in a community sample of adults (n = 124) with the full range of BPD symptoms. Results showed that difficulties with emotion regulation fully mediated the relationship between BPD symptom severity and interpersonal dysfunction. An alternative model indicated that interpersonal problems partially mediated the relationship between difficulties with emotion regulation and BPD symptom severity. These findings support existing theories of BPD, which propose that difficulties with emotion regulation may account for the types of interpersonal problems experienced by individuals with BPD and suggest further examination of the possibility that interpersonal dysfunction may worsen these individuals' difficulties with emotion regulation.

  5. The Relationship of Interpersonal Attraction and Attraction to Group in a Growth Group Setting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, Nancy J.

    1984-01-01

    Investigated the relationship of interpersonal attraction and attraction to groups. Students (N=56) participating in growth groups completed the Group Attitude Scale and individual rating scales early, midway, and late in the group. Data indicated an increasing relationship between interpersonal and group attraction throughout the life of the…

  6. The Effect of Interpersonal Relationships on Psychosomatic Symptoms: Moderating Role of Gender

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Su-hsing; Luh, Wei-ming

    2009-01-01

    The purposes of this study were twofold: (1) to verify whether or not gender and interpersonal relationships influence the variance of psychosomatic symptoms in Taiwanese adolescents; and (2) to examine the moderating role of gender between interpersonal relationships and psychosomatic symptoms in Taiwanese adolescents. The present study adopted…

  7. Staff and patient's perceptions of each other's interpersonal style: relationship with severity of personality disorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daffern, Michael; Duggan, Conor; Huband, Nick; Thomas, Stuart

    2010-08-01

    Extreme and varied reactions are often encountered when working with patients with personality disorders. Similarly, patients with personality disorder may also hold polarised opinions of the staff involved in their treatment. This study explored the relationship between severity of personality disorder and interpersonal style in patients admitted for treatment to a secure psychiatric unit. Up to four nurses rated each patient's interpersonal style using the Impact Message Inventory, a self-report transactional inventory. Patients then rated the interpersonal style of these same staff. Contrary to expectations, severity of personality disorder was not associated with patients' interpersonal style or to variance in nurses' assessments of patients' interpersonal style. However, patients with more severe personality disorder tended to show greater variability in their assessment of nurses' interpersonal style, specifically their appraisal of staff members' interpersonal dominance. Implications for the assessment of offenders admitted for treatment of their personality disorder are discussed.

  8. Memory as social glue: Close interpersonal relationships in amnesic patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrick S.R. Davidson

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Memory may be crucial for establishing and/or maintaining social bonds. Using the National Social life, Health, and Aging Project questionnaire, we examined close interpersonal relationships in three amnesic people: K.C. and D.A. (who are adult-onset cases and H.C. (who has developmental amnesia. All three patients were less involved than demographically-matched controls with neighbors and religious and community groups. A higher-than-normal percentage of the adult-onset (K.C. and D.A. cases’ close relationships were with family members, and they had made few new close friends in the decades since the onset of their amnesia. On the other hand, the patient with developmental amnesia (H.C. had forged a couple of close relationships, including one with her fiancé. Social networks appear to be winnowed, but not obliterated, by amnesia. The obvious explanation for the patients’ reduced social functioning stems from their memory impairment, but we discuss other potentially important factors for future study.

  9. Does interpersonal behaviour of psychotherapy trainees differ in private and professional relationships?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janna Ida Fincke

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Aim: The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of trainees' interpersonal behaviour on Work Involvement (WI and compared their social behaviour within professional and private relationships as well as between different psychotherapeutic orientations. Methods: The interpersonal scales of the Intrex short-form questionnaire and the Work Involvement Scale (WIS were used to evaluate two samples of German psychotherapy trainees in psychoanalytic (PA, psychodynamic (PD and cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT training. Trainees from sample 1 (N = 184 were asked to describe their interpersonal behaviour in relation to their patients when filling out the Intrex, whereas trainees from sample 2 (N = 135 were asked to describe the private relationship with a significant other. Results: Interpersonal affiliation in professional relationships significantly predicted the level of Healing Involvement (HI, while Stress Involvement (SI was predicted by interpersonal affiliation and interdependence in trainees' relationships with their patients. Social behaviour within professional relationships provided higher correlations with WI than private interpersonal behaviour. Significant differences were found between private and professional relation settings in trainees’ interpersonal behaviour with higher levels of affiliation and interdependence with significant others. Differences between therapeutic orientation and social behaviour could only be found when comparing trainees' level of interdependence with the particular relationship setting. Conclusion: Trainees' interpersonal level of affiliation in professional relationships is a predictor for a successful psychotherapeutic development. Vice versa, controlling behaviour in professional settings can be understood as a risk factor against psychotherapeutic growth. Both results strengthen an evidence-based approach for competence development during psychotherapy training.

  10. Comparing Two Methods of Teaching Inter-Personal Relationship Skills to Students Nurses in Training Programs

    OpenAIRE

    Bertoch, Elizabeth Ann

    1980-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine which of two methods of teaching interpersonal relationship skills to student nurses was the most effective. The two methods compared were the traditional "established" method and a programmed group teaching method, the Basic Interpersonal Relations program. Subjects were 45 sophomore associated degree nursing students in their psychiatric rotation. Subjects were administered as pretests and posttests the Leory Interpersonal Checklist (ICL) and...

  11. Group relationships in early and late sessions and improvement in interpersonal problems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lo Coco, Gianluca; Gullo, Salvatore; Di Fratello, Carla; Giordano, Cecilia; Kivlighan, Dennis M

    2016-07-01

    Groups are more effective when positive bonds are established and interpersonal conflicts resolved in early sessions and work is accomplished in later sessions. Previous research has provided mixed support for this group development model. We performed a test of this theoretical perspective using group members' (actors) and aggregated group members' (partners) perceptions of positive bonding, positive working, and negative group relationships measured early and late in interpersonal growth groups. Participants were 325 Italian graduate students randomly (within semester) assigned to 1 of 16 interpersonal growth groups. Groups met for 9 weeks with experienced psychologists using Yalom and Leszcz's (2005) interpersonal process model. Outcome was assessed pre- and posttreatment using the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems, and group relationships were measured at Sessions 3 and 6 using the Group Questionnaire. As hypothesized, early measures of positive bonding and late measures of positive working, for both actors and partners, were positively related to improved interpersonal problems. Also as hypothesized, late measures of positive bonding and early measures of positive working, for both actors and partners, were negatively related to improved interpersonal problems. We also found that early actor and partner positive bonding and negative relationships interacted to predict changes in interpersonal problems. The findings are consistent with group development theory and suggest that group therapists focus on group-as-a-whole positive bonding relationships in early group sessions and on group-as-a-whole positive working relationships in later group sessions. (PsycINFO Database Record

  12. Intrinsic motivation and sportsmanship: mediating role of interpersonal relationships.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Núñez, Juan L; Martín-Albo, José; Navarro, José G; Sánchez, Juana M; González-Cutre, David

    2009-06-01

    This study analyzed the mediating role of interpersonal relations between intrinsic motivation and sportsmanship. Athletes (98 men, 97 women), ages 11 to 43 years, completed measures of intrinsic motivation toward sports, self-concept of social and family relations, and sportsmanship orientation. A structural equation model indicated that self-concept of interpersonal relations mediated the relation between intrinsic motivation and sportsmanship. Also, intrinsic motivation was directly and positively associated with self-concept of interpersonal relations, which, in turn, was positively and significantly related to sportsmanship. Variances explained by self-concept of interpersonal relations and by sportsmanship were 32 and 56%, respectively. The motivational interaction between the context of interpersonal relations and the sports context proposed in the hierarchical model of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation was discussed.

  13. 论人际关系媒介化%Analysis of Medialized Interpersonal Relationship

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方艳

    2012-01-01

    本文突破了以往传媒功能研究仅关注信息使命层面的局限,从媒介对人本身的影响出发考察它对人生存的一个基本问题——人际关系的影响。本文认为今天我们的人际关系相当一部分已经被媒介化了,主要表现为人际关系空间媒介化、人际关系角色媒介化、人际关系模式媒介化和人际关系内容媒介化。本文提出人际关系媒介化是一把双刃剑,人类不能被自己创遣的技术所奴役。%This paper breaks through the limitations that media functions researches only pay attention to the mission of the information. From the influence of people themselves, this paper makes an on-the-spot investigation of the influence on interpersonal relationship. Today quite a part of our interpersonal relationship has been medialized, mainly displayed in interpersonal relationship space, interpersonal relationship role, interpersonal relationship model and interpersonal relationship content. Medialized interpersonal relationship is a double edge, mankind should not be subjected to his own technology creation.

  14. Using Carl Rogers' person-centered model to explain interpersonal relationships at a school of nursing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bryan, Venise D; Lindo, Jascinth; Anderson-Johnson, Pauline; Weaver, Steve

    2015-01-01

    Faculty members are viewed as nurturers within the academic setting and may be able to influence students' behaviors through the formation of positive interpersonal relationships. Faculty members' attributes that best facilitated positive interpersonal relationships according to Carl Rogers' Person-Centered Model was studied. Students (n = 192) enrolled in a 3-year undergraduate nursing program in urban Jamaica were randomly selected to participate in this descriptive cross-sectional study. A 38-item questionnaire on interpersonal relationships with nursing faculty and students' perceptions of their teachers was utilized to collect data. Factor analysis was used to create factors of realness, prizing, and empathetic understanding. Multiple linear regression analysis on the interaction of the 3 factors and interpersonal relationship scores was performed while controlling for nursing students' study year and age. One hundred sixty-five students (mean age: 23.18 ± 4.51years; 99% female) responded. The regression model explained over 46% of the variance. Realness (β = 0.50, P interpersonal relationship scores assigned by the nursing students. Of the total number of respondents, 99 students (60%) reported satisfaction with the interpersonal relationships shared with faculty. Nursing students' perception of faculty members' realness appeared to be the most significant attribute in fostering positive interpersonal relationships.

  15. Sensitivity to criticism differentially mediates the relationship between interpersonal problems and state and trait depression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Natoli, Adam P; Nelson, Sharon M; Lengu, Ketrin J; Huprich, Steven K

    2016-11-01

    Both state- and trait-like manifestations of depression have been associated with poor interpersonal functioning. One mechanism by which this could occur is through individuals' sensitivity to criticism. In the present study, 414 undergraduates were assessed with the Beck Depression Inventory-II (Beck et al. 1996) and Depressive Personality Disorder Inventory (Huprich et al. 1996) as representative measures of state and trait depression respectively. They also were assessed with self-report measures of sensitivity to criticism and interpersonal problems. Sensitivity to criticism significantly mediated the relationship between state and trait depression within five dimensions of interpersonal problems. However, sensitivity to criticism was more strongly related to the trait depression-interpersonal problems relationship than the state depression-interpersonal problems relationship, when controlling for state depression and trait depression respectively. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  16. The Relationship Between Interpersonal Relations Orientations and Preferred Classroom Physical Settings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feitler, Fred C.; And Others

    This study reports relationships found between FIRO-B (Fundamental Interpersonal Relations Orientation) scores and preference for classroom spatial settings. It was hypothesized that differences in interpersonal needs would be reflected in preferences for particular physical environments in which to teach. The sample consisted of 276 graduates and…

  17. Teacher-student interpersonal relationships and academic motivation within one school year : developmental changes and linkage

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Opdenakker, Marie-Christine; Maulana, Ridwan; den Brok, Perry

    2012-01-01

    The present study explored the developmental changes of teacher-student interpersonal relationships as well as that of academic motivation among first-grade secondary school students. In addition, the link between teacher-student interpersonal behaviour and academic motivation across the school year

  18. The Importance of Teacher-Student Interpersonal Relationships for Turkish Students' Attitudes towards Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Telli, Sibel; den Brok, Perry; Cakiroglu, Jale

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine associations between Turkish high school students' perceptions of their science teachers' interpersonal behaviour and their attitudes towards science. Students' perceptions of the teacher-student interpersonal relationship were mapped with the Questionnaire on Teacher Interaction (QTI), which uses two…

  19. Are Interpersonal Relationships Necessary for Developing Trust in Online Group Projects?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wade, Christine E.; Cameron, Bruce A.; Morgan, Kari; Williams, Karen C.

    2011-01-01

    Trust between group members has been suggested as an important part of small group work in online classrooms. Developing interpersonal relationships with group members may promote a sense of trust among them; however, research shows mixed results. The current study explored how students' perceptions of the importance of interpersonal relationships…

  20. Teacher-Student Interpersonal Relationships and Academic Motivation within One School Year: Developmental Changes and Linkage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Opdenakker, Marie-Christine; Maulana, Ridwan; den Brok, Perry

    2012-01-01

    The present study explored the developmental changes of teacher-student interpersonal relationships as well as that of academic motivation among first-grade secondary school students. In addition, the link between teacher-student interpersonal behaviour and academic motivation across the school year was investigated. The data were collected 5…

  1. Teacher-student interpersonal relationships and academic motivation within one school year : developmental changes and linkage

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Opdenakker, Marie-Christine; Maulana, Ridwan; den Brok, Perry

    The present study explored the developmental changes of teacher-student interpersonal relationships as well as that of academic motivation among first-grade secondary school students. In addition, the link between teacher-student interpersonal behaviour and academic motivation across the school year

  2. Momentary patterns of covariation between specific affects and interpersonal behavior: Linking relationship science and personality assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ross, Jaclyn M; Girard, Jeffrey M; Wright, Aidan G C; Beeney, Joseph E; Scott, Lori N; Hallquist, Michael N; Lazarus, Sophie A; Stepp, Stephanie D; Pilkonis, Paul A

    2017-02-01

    Relationships are among the most salient factors affecting happiness and wellbeing for individuals and families. Relationship science has identified the study of dyadic behavioral patterns between couple members during conflict as an important window in to relational functioning with both short-term and long-term consequences. Several methods have been developed for the momentary assessment of behavior during interpersonal transactions. Among these, the most popular is the Specific Affect Coding System (SPAFF), which organizes social behavior into a set of discrete behavioral constructs. This study examines the interpersonal meaning of the SPAFF codes through the lens of interpersonal theory, which uses the fundamental dimensions of Dominance and Affiliation to organize interpersonal behavior. A sample of 67 couples completed a conflict task, which was video recorded and coded using SPAFF and a method for rating momentary interpersonal behavior, the Continuous Assessment of Interpersonal Dynamics (CAID). Actor partner interdependence models in a multilevel structural equation modeling framework were used to study the covariation of SPAFF codes and CAID ratings. Results showed that a number of SPAFF codes had clear interpersonal signatures, but many did not. Additionally, actor and partner effects for the same codes were strongly consistent with interpersonal theory's principle of complementarity. Thus, findings reveal points of convergence and divergence in the 2 systems and provide support for central tenets of interpersonal theory. Future directions based on these initial findings are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved).

  3. Mobbing and Its Impact on Interpersonal Relationships at the Workplace.

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Silva João, Ana Lúcia; Saldanha Portelada, António Fernando

    2016-08-12

    Mobbing is characterized by the repetition, over a long period of time, of hostile behavior and unethical conduct carried out by a hierarchical superior or co-worker, against someone's physic and mental integrity, endangering one's job or disturbing the work environment. This current investigative study intends to assess the existence, frequency, and intensity of mobbing within the Portuguese nurse population, as well as its impact on their well-being and interpersonal relationships. The study carried out was quantitative, correlational, and cross-sectional. A questionnaire was used as the form to collect data. The questionnaire was sent out to 11 institutions in Portugal which were chosen at random, and it was also made available on a website for whoever wished to respond. The sample was composed of 3,227 nurses from various health institutions in Portugal. From the results obtained it was observed that on average each nurse undergoes 11 aggression conducts in their main place of work. The types of aggression suffered with greater intensity by the victims are communication blockage and being discredited at work. The predominant types of mobbing are the horizontal and the descending type. Nurses suspected the following motivations for those who had perpetrated mobbing against them: envy or jealous, not yielding or having been influenced by blackmail, not being subservient and being innovative, or entrepreneurial in the new work methods or perspectives. Almost half of the victims claim to have had health problems as a result of having suffered mobbing in their workplace.

  4. Perceived Empathy: Its Relationship to Selected Interpersonal Variables and Student's Interpersonal Laboratory Performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, Susan E. Kogler; Courtright, John A.

    1981-01-01

    Focuses on empathic ability of peer facilitators in an interpersonal communication course. Indicates that attractiveness and teaching effectiveness are the main determinants of perceived empathy. Also provides support for the notion that if students perceive their facilitators as empathic, students perform more positively in a small group,…

  5. UNDERSTANDING THE INFLUENCE OF INTERPERSONAL RELATIONSHIPS, INTERPERSONAL COMMUNICATION PATTERNS AND CONTEXTUAL FACTORS ON TACIT KNOWLEDGE TRANSFER EFFICIENCY IN BUSINESS NETWORKS

    OpenAIRE

    Bowe, Leanne; Lupiáñez,José Luis; Rico, Luis; Holden, Mary T.; Lynch, Patrick

    2010-01-01

    2 ABSTRACT Over the last decade, there has been an upsurge in interest among scholars on the importance of tacit knowledge transfer in firms, due to the belief that tacit knowledge represents a major source of sustainable competitive advantage (Darr and Kurtzberg, 2000). Despite this interest, factors affecting knowledge transfer at the micro level of analysis, namely a firm‟s interpersonal relationships and communication patterns, have been largely ignored, leaving a significant gap in...

  6. The relationship between effortful control, current psychopathology and interpersonal difficulties in adulthood.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Panfilis, Chiara; Meehan, Kevin B; Cain, Nicole M; Clarkin, John F

    2013-07-01

    This study examined whether the relationship between low effortful control (EC), general psychopathology and interpersonal maladjustment previously reported among children extends to adulthood. Two hundred and forty undergraduate students were assessed using the EC scale of the Adult Temperament Questionnaire, the General Severity Index of the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI-GSI) and the interpersonal distress index of the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems-Short Circumplex (IIP-distress). Both the BSI-GSI and the IIP-distress scores were related to low levels of EC. Furthermore, interpersonal distress mediated the association between low EC and greater psychopathology severity. These results suggest that deficits in regulatory temperament among adults may be associated with experiencing greater psychopathology distress, and that this relationship may be explained by an impairment in interpersonal adjustment. Such preliminary findings may constitute a useful starting point for investigating this hypothesis among clinical populations.

  7. Relationship of social problem-solving ability with interpersonal relationships: a prospective study among Japanese women and men.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sumi, Katsunori

    2012-12-01

    The present study of a Japanese sample used a prospective approach to examine the relationship between self-rated social problem-solving ability and quality of interpersonal relationships. The Japanese versions of the Problem-Solving self-efficacy scale, problem-solving skills scale, and the interpersonal relationship inventory short form were administered to 139 female and 148 male Japanese college students, who participated in two sessions separated by 6 wk. (time 1 and time 2). Partial correlations controlling for scores on the interpersonal relationship scales at Time 1 indicated that self-ratings of social problem-solving ability were correlated with aspects of interpersonal relationships assessed at time 2, and this relationship was stronger for men (five of six correlations were significant) than for women (two of six correlations were significant).

  8. The Application of Interpersonal Relationship Poll to the Enhancement of Management Efficacy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kuo-Wei Lin

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Every employee needs to directly face their different superiors and subordinates that he must have ability to get along with other people or teams. It is the ability that he could communicate, coordinate, convince, negotiate and inspire his working partners smoothly and the organization, leadership and control could be implemented in accordance with the established plans. So the interpersonal relationship of employees may severely affect an organization. Although many enterprises have developed their own assessment systems, most of the systems focus on performance evaluation and few of them explore the efficacy of organization from the angle of employee’s interpersonal relationship. Approach: This study aims to develop a well-rounded model for the interpersonal relationship poll that every employee could receive poll for his own interpersonal relationship. Through the questionnaire poll that includes self-assessment and other’s assessment, one could systematically and methodically see himself from the eyes of others and understand whether he is an asset or a liability in the operation of organization, a resistance force or a boosting force that he could modify his own interpersonal relationship and in turn enhance the operational efficacy in organization. Results: The model for interpersonal relationship poll developed by the study has been practically applied. After an employee understand his working partners’ views on him in the poll, his relationship with other colleagues is improved and his performance is enhanced. Conclusion: The interpersonal relationship poll made full use of the approaches in raising questions to the persons involved for self-evaluation and assessed by others, jumped out passive and slow one-way self-examination and turned to positive, quick two-way communications that were substantially helpful in harmonizing interpersonal relationship and enhancing the operational efficacy in

  9. The influence of interpersonal relationships on nurse managers' work engagement and proactive work behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warshawsky, Nora E; Havens, Donna S; Knafl, George

    2012-09-01

    This study tested the effects of interpersonal relationships on nurse managers' work engagement and proactive work behavior. An engaged workforce may help healthcare organizations improve performance. In healthcare, nurse managers are responsible for creating motivating work environments. They also need to be engaged, yet little is known about what influences nurse managers' performance. A self-administered electronic survey was used to collect data from 323 nurse managers working in acute care hospitals. Instruments included the Relational Coordination Scale, Utrecht Work Engagement Scale, and Proactive Work Behavior Scale. Interpersonal relationships with nurse administrators were most predictive of nurse managers' work engagement. Interpersonal relationships with physicians were most predictive of nurse managers' proactive work behavior. Organizational cultures that foster quality interpersonal relationships will support the job performance of nurse managers.

  10. The theory of interpersonal relations applied to the preceptor-new graduate relationship.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Washington, Georgita T

    2013-01-01

    This article presents research results applying Peplau's Theory of Interpersonal Relations to the preceptor-new graduate relationship and describes implications for successful transition. These results will help nursing professional development educators with more appropriate preparation and assignment of preceptors.

  11. Enhancing adult therapeutic interpersonal relationships in the acute health care setting: an integrative review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kornhaber, Rachel; Walsh, Kenneth; Duff, Jed; Walker, Kim

    2016-01-01

    Therapeutic interpersonal relationships are the primary component of all health care interactions that facilitate the development of positive clinician–patient experiences. Therapeutic interpersonal relationships have the capacity to transform and enrich the patients’ experiences. Consequently, with an increasing necessity to focus on patient-centered care, it is imperative for health care professionals to therapeutically engage with patients to improve health-related outcomes. Studies were identified through an electronic search, using the PubMed, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and PsycINFO databases of peer-reviewed research, limited to the English language with search terms developed to reflect therapeutic interpersonal relationships between health care professionals and patients in the acute care setting. This study found that therapeutic listening, responding to patient emotions and unmet needs, and patient centeredness were key characteristics of strategies for improving therapeutic interpersonal relationships. PMID:27789958

  12. Interpersonal relationships, coping strategies and problematic internet use in adolescence: an italian study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milani, Luca; Osualdella, Dania; Di Blasio, Paola

    2009-01-01

    In a few years the Internet has become one of the most relevant means of socialization and entertainment for Italian adolescents. Studies have established a correlation between poor interpersonal relationship, poor cognitive coping strategies and Problematic Internet Use. The aim of the research was to study the characteristics and correlates of Problematic Internet Use in an Italian sample of adolescents. 98 Italian adolescents aged 14-19 were administered checklists assessing Problematic Internet Use, quality of interpersonal relationships, and cognitive-driven coping strategies. Of the participants, 36.7% are characterized by Problematic Internet Use. This subsample showed poorer interpersonal relationships and cognitive coping strategies compared to the non-problematic subsample. Overall quality of interpersonal relationships and cognitive coping strategies were found to be predictors of the level of Internet Problematic Use.

  13. The Influence of Interpersonal Relationships on Nurse Managers' Work Engagement and Proactive Work Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warshawsky, Nora E.; Havens, Donna S.; Knafl, George

    2014-01-01

    Objective This study tested the effects of interpersonal relationships on nurse managers' work engagement and proactive work behavior. Background An engaged workforce may help health care organizations improve performance. In health care, nurse managers are responsible for creating motivating work environments. They also need to be engaged, yet little is known about what influences nurse managers' performance. Methods A self-administered electronic survey was used to collect data from 323 nurse managers working in acute care hospitals. Instruments included the Relational Coordination Scale, Utrecht Work Engagement Scale, and Proactive Work Behavior Scale. Results Interpersonal relationships with nurse administrators were most predictive of nurse managers' work engagement. Interpersonal relationships with physicians were most predictive of nurse managers' proactive work behavior. Conclusions Organizational cultures that foster quality interpersonal relationships will support the job performance of nurse managers. PMID:22922751

  14. ENHANCING INTERPERSONAL RELATIONSHIP AND MOTIVATION THROUGH CREATIVITY TRAINING: AN INTERVENTIONAL STUDY

    OpenAIRE

    K. U. Nimisha; Jayakumar, K. N.

    2017-01-01

    The present study examined the effect of creativity training on interpersonal relationship and motivation. For this, 90 young adults from Periyar University, Salem (male = 45 and female = 45) were selected for this study. In this interventional study the participants were equally divided into 3 groups (Female group, male group and heterogeneous group). Fundamental interpersonal relationship orientation - behavior scale (FIRO-B) developed by William Schutz (1950) and situational motivation sca...

  15. The Formation of Interpersonal and Learning Relationships in the Transition from Primary to Secondary School: Students, Teachers and School Context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tobbell, Jane; O'Donnell, Victoria L.

    2013-01-01

    The importance of relationships in education has been well established in the literature. However, the nature of relationship is seldom defined and as a result interpersonal and learning relationships are conflated and so implicitly treated as synonymous. Here we argue that learning relationships are different from interpersonal relationships, but…

  16. Negative affect mediates the relationship between interpersonal problems and binge-eating disorder symptoms and psychopathology in a clinical sample: a test of the interpersonal model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ivanova, Iryna V; Tasca, Giorgio A; Hammond, Nicole; Balfour, Louise; Ritchie, Kerri; Koszycki, Diana; Bissada, Hany

    2015-03-01

    This study evaluated the validity of the interpersonal model of binge-eating disorder (BED) psychopathology in a clinical sample of women with BED. Data from a cross-sectional sample of 255 women with BED were examined for the direct effects of interpersonal problems on BED symptoms and psychopathology, and indirect effects mediated by negative affect. Structural equation modelling analyses demonstrated that higher levels of interpersonal problems were associated with greater negative affect, and greater negative affect was associated with higher frequency of BED symptoms and psychopathology. There was a significant indirect effect of interpersonal problems on BED symptoms and psychopathology mediated through negative affect. Interpersonal problems may lead to greater BED symptoms and psychopathology, and this relationship may be partially explained by elevated negative affect. The results of the study are the first to provide support for the interpersonal model of BED symptoms and psychopathology in a clinical sample of women.

  17. Master’s Thesis Supervision: Feedback, interpersonal relationships, and adaptivity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Kleijn, R.A.M.

    2013-01-01

    In most academic master’s programmes the final component is conducting a piece of research, a master’s thesis. In this dissertation master’s thesis supervision is investigated from a feedback and interpersonal perspective, in order to provide more insight into its quality. The quality of master’s th

  18. Interpersonal relationships moderate the effect of faces on person judgments

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tuk, Mirjam A.; Verlegh, Peeter W. J.; Smidts, Ale; Wigboldus, Daniel H. J.

    Previous research suggests that people form, impressions of others based on their facial appearance in a very fast and automatic manner, and this especially holds for trustworthiness. However as yet, this process has been investigated mostly in a social vacuum. without taking interpersonal factors

  19. Interpersonal relationships moderate the effect of faces on person judgments

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tuk, M.A.; Verlegh, P.W.J.; Smidts, A.; Wigboldus, D.H.J.

    2009-01-01

    Previous research suggests that people form impressions of others based on their facial appearance in a very fast and automatic manner, and this especially holds for trustworthiness. However, as yet, this process has been investigated mostly in a social vacuum without taking interpersonal factors

  20. Master’s Thesis Supervision: Feedback, interpersonal relationships, and adaptivity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Kleijn, R.A.M.

    2013-01-01

    In most academic master’s programmes the final component is conducting a piece of research, a master’s thesis. In this dissertation master’s thesis supervision is investigated from a feedback and interpersonal perspective, in order to provide more insight into its quality. The quality of master’s

  1. Appendix R. A Basic Communication Skill for Improving Interpersonal Relationships.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallen, John L.

    This appendix contains descriptions of three exercises designed to develop basic communications skills for improving interpersonal relations. Each exercise--designed to be engaged in by teachers in dyads, triads, quadruples, or similar groups without the presence of a skilled leader--includes a statement of the problem, description of the skill…

  2. The relationship between interpersonal traits and posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms: analyses from Wenchuan earthquake adolescent survivors in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xia, Ling-Xiang; Ding, Cody

    2011-08-01

    This study explores the relationship between interpersonal traits and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in a sample of 617 middle and high school students 16 months after the Wenchuan earthquake in China using the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R) and the Interpersonal Self-Supporting Scale (ISSS). Even when the effects of gender and grade level were controlled for, the results from regression analyses revealed that greater interpersonal independence, interpersonal initiative, interpersonal responsibility, and interpersonal openness are associated with lesser PTSD symptoms 16 months later.

  3. A confirmatory bifactor analysis of the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems--Circumplex and associations of interpersonal traits across multiple relationship contexts and measures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Sylia; Revelle, William; Stroud, Catherine B; Durbin, C Emily

    2013-06-01

    The present study examined associations between interpersonal traits, measured using self-reports on the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems--Circumplex version (IIP-C), and interpersonal functioning in romantic and parent-child relationships, measured using multiple methods and reporters, among a community sample of 157 families (mothers, fathers, and their 3- to 6-year-old children). First, we conducted confirmatory factor analysis to explicitly test the fit of a bifactor model, derived from previous exploratory analyses of the underlying structure of the IIP-C and consisting of a shared general factor (Distress) and 2 specific factors (Dominance, Love). Next, we conducted multilevel modeling analyses that examined associations between these interpersonal traits and mothers' and fathers' interpersonal functioning while accounting for the nested nature of the data (mother-father, mother-child, and father-child dyads nested within families). Higher levels of Distress and Dominance were associated with lower quality functioning in romantic and parent-child relationships, and, to a lesser extent, Love was associated with higher quality functioning; there was some evidence of curvilinear associations for Dominance with interpersonal functioning. Moderating effects of parent sex revealed several associations that were specific to mothers or to fathers. Findings speak to the nature of interpersonal traits and their behavioral manifestations across different relationships, interaction partners, and interpersonal constructs.

  4. Advance care planning and interpersonal relationships: a two-way street.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhee, Joel J; Zwar, Nicholas A; Kemp, Lynn A

    2013-04-01

    Advance care planning (ACP) has been gaining prominence for its perceived benefits for patients in enhancing patient autonomy and ensuring high-quality end-of-life-care. Moreover, it has been postulated that ACP has positive effects on families and health professionals and their relationship with the patient. However, there is a paucity of studies examining the views of GPs on this issue. To explore GP views on the impact that ACP has on interpersonal relationships among those involved in the patient's care. Semi-structured, open-ended interviews of a purposive sample of 17 GPs. Interview transcripts were analysed using constructionist grounded theory methodology with QSR NVivo 9 software. ACP was seen as having both positive and negative impacts on interpersonal relationships. It was thought to enhance family relationships, help resolve conflicts between families and health professionals and improve trust and understanding between patients and health professionals. Negatively, it could take the family's attention away from patient care. The link between ACP and interpersonal relationships was perceived to be bidirectional-the nature of interpersonal relationship that patients have with their families and health professionals has a profound impact on what form of ACP is likely to be useful. Our study highlights the importance that GPs place on the link between ACP and the patient's interpersonal context. This has implications on how ACP is conducted in primary care settings that are considerably different from other care settings in their emphasis on continuity of care and long-term nature of relationships.

  5. Calibrating the sociometer: the relationship between interpersonal appraisals and state self-esteem.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leary, M R; Haupt, A L; Strausser, K S; Chokel, J T

    1998-05-01

    Four experiments examined the functional relationship between interpersonal appraisal and subjective feelings about oneself. Participants imagined receiving one of several positive or negative reactions from another person (Experiments 1, 2, and 3) or actually received interpersonal evaluations (Experiment 4), then completed measures relevant to state self-esteem. All 4 studies showed that subjective feelings were a curvilinear, ogival function of others' appraisals. Although trait self-esteem correlated with state reactions as a main effect, it did not moderate participants' reactions to interpersonal feedback.

  6. The mediating role of interpersonal cognition on the relationships between personality and adolescent ego development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Yih-Lan

    2013-01-01

    The author investigated whether interpersonal cognition mediated the relationships between defense, social sensitivity, and ego development. Participants (N = 616; M age = 15.66 years, SD = .52 year; 276 boys) from northwestern Taiwan completed a battery of questionnaires. Structural equation modeling and mediation analyses supported the hypothesis that interpersonal cognition would mediate the path between defense and ego development, and the path between social sensitivity and ego development. Defense and social sensitivity were found to have direct effects on ego development. The study provides evidence of the mediating effect of interpersonal cognition on the association between personality and ego development.

  7. Does interpersonal behavior of psychotherapy trainees differ in private and professional relationships?

    OpenAIRE

    Fincke, Janna I.; Möller, Heidi; Taubner, Svenja

    2015-01-01

    • Aim: The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of trainees’ interpersonal behavior on work involvement (WI) and compared their social behavior within professional and private relationships as well as between different psychotherapeutic orientations. • Methods: The interpersonal scales of the Intrex short-form questionnaire and the Work Involvement Scale (WIS) were used to evaluate two samples of German psychotherapy trainees in psychoanalytic, psychodynamic, and cognitive behaviora...

  8. Does interpersonal behaviour of psychotherapy trainees differ in private and professional relationships?

    OpenAIRE

    Janna Ida Fincke; Heidi eMöller; Svenja eTaubner

    2015-01-01

    Aim: The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of trainees' interpersonal behaviour on Work Involvement (WI) and compared their social behaviour within professional and private relationships as well as between different psychotherapeutic orientations. Methods: The interpersonal scales of the Intrex short-form questionnaire and the Work Involvement Scale (WIS) were used to evaluate two samples of German psychotherapy trainees in psychoanalytic (PA), psychodynamic (PD) and cognitive behavi...

  9. Does individualism bring happiness? Negative effects of individualism on interpersonal relationships and happiness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogihara, Yuji; Uchida, Yukiko

    2014-01-01

    We examined the negative effects of individualism in an East Asian culture. Although individualistic systems decrease interpersonal relationships through competition, individualistic values have prevailed in European American cultures. One reason is because individuals could overcome negativity by actively constructing interpersonal relationships. In contrast, people in East Asian cultures do not have such strategies to overcome the negative impact of individualistic systems, leading to decreased well-being. To test this hypothesis, we investigated the relationship between individualistic values, number of close friends, and subjective well-being (SWB). Study 1 indicated that individualistic values were negatively related with the number of close friends and SWB for Japanese college students but not for American college students. Moreover, Study 2 showed that even in an individualistic workplace in Japan, individualistic values were negatively related with the number of close friends and SWB. We discuss how cultural change toward increasing individualism might affect interpersonal relationships and well-being.

  10. Does individualism bring happiness? Negative effects of individualism on interpersonal relationships and happiness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuji eOgihara

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available We examined the negative effects of individualism in an East Asian culture. Although individualistic systems decrease interpersonal relationships through competition, individualistic values have prevailed in European American cultures. One reason is because individuals could overcome negativity by actively constructing interpersonal relationships. In contrast, people in East Asian cultures do not have such strategies to overcome the negative impact of individualistic systems, leading to decreased well-being. To test this hypothesis, we investigated the relationship between individualistic values, number of close friends, and subjective well-being (SWB. Study 1 indicated that individualistic values were negatively related with the number of close friends and SWB for Japanese college students but not for American college students. Moreover, Study 2 showed that even in an individualistic workplace in Japan, individualistic values were negatively related with the number of close friends and SWB. We discuss how cultural change toward increasing individualism might affect interpersonal relationships and well-being.

  11. ABrief Introductionof Interpersonal Relationships'Influence on Address Forms in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨娟

    2014-01-01

    When people use language, they do not only try to get another person to understand the speakers’ thoughts and feelings but also define their relationship to each other in a subtle way at the same time,on the other hand, interpersonal relationship also affects people’s use of language. In daily life, people may meet others with different social status, age, sex, etc. How can people adopt appropriate address forms to different persons? In the essay, the author analyzes two aspects of the interpersonal relationships: power and solidarity, which influence address forms.

  12. The relationship between cognitive errors and interpersonal patterns in depressed women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwartzman, Deborah; Stamoulos, Constantina; D'Iuso, Debora; Thompson, Katherine; Dobson, Keith S; Kramer, Ueli; Drapeau, Martin

    2012-12-01

    Individuals with depression process information in an overly negative or biased way (e.g., Henriques & Leitenberg, 2002) and demonstrate significant interpersonal dysfunction (e.g., Zlotnick, Kohn, Keitner, & Della Grotta, 2000). This study examined the relationship between cognitive errors (CEs) and interpersonal interactions in early psychotherapy sessions of 25 female patients with major depression. Transcripts were rated for CEs using the Cognitive Error Rating Scale (Drapeau, Perry, & Dunkley, 2008). Interpersonal patterns were assessed using the Structural Analysis of Social Behavior (Benjamin, 1974). Significant associations were found between CEs and markers of interpersonal functioning in selected contexts. The implications of these findings in bridging the gap between research and practice, enhancing treatment outcome, and improving therapist training are discussed.

  13. The Relationships among Attachment Style, Personality Traits, Interpersonal Competency, and Facebook Use

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jenkins-Guarnieri, Michael A.; Wright, Stephen L.; Hudiburgh, Lynette M.

    2012-01-01

    Among emerging adult populations, the increasingly prevalent use of online social media, such as Facebook, and its relationship to individual personality traits and interpersonal relationships are of growing interest to researchers. The current study sought to investigate how attachment style, personality traits based on the Five Factor Model, and…

  14. Adapting the Interpersonal Process Model of Intimacy to Enhance the Co-Leader Relationship during Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huffman, David D.; Fernando, Delini M.

    2012-01-01

    Group work literature acknowledges that the group co-leader relationship influences the development of group members and the group as a whole. However, little direction has been offered for supervisors of group co-leaders to facilitate the development of the co-leader relationship. Reis and Shaver's (1988) interpersonal process model of intimacy…

  15. The Relationships among Attachment Style, Personality Traits, Interpersonal Competency, and Facebook Use

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jenkins-Guarnieri, Michael A.; Wright, Stephen L.; Hudiburgh, Lynette M.

    2012-01-01

    Among emerging adult populations, the increasingly prevalent use of online social media, such as Facebook, and its relationship to individual personality traits and interpersonal relationships are of growing interest to researchers. The current study sought to investigate how attachment style, personality traits based on the Five Factor Model, and…

  16. The Relationship between Interpersonal Violence Victimization and Smoking Behavior across Time and by Gender.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kristman-Valente, Allison N; Oesterle, Sabrina; Hill, Karl G; Wells, Elizabeth A; Epstein, Marina; Jones, Tiffany M; Hawkins, J David

    2016-01-01

    The current study examined relationships between interpersonal violence victimization and smoking from childhood to adulthood. Data were from a community-based longitudinal study (N = 808) spanning ages 10 - 33. Cross-lag path analysis was used to model concurrent, directional, and reciprocal effects. Results indicate that childhood physical abuse predicted smoking and partner violence in young adulthood; partner violence and smoking were reciprocally related in the transition from young-adulthood to adulthood. Gender differences in this relationship were not detected. Social work prevention efforts focused on interpersonal violence and interventions targeting smoking cessation may be critical factors for reducing both issues.

  17. Memory, neurodynamics, and human relationships.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grigsby, Jim; Stevens, David

    2002-01-01

    In this article we discuss the implications of the functional organization and dynamics of the brain for understanding human relationships. In particular, we focus on the brain's multiple memory systems and the various roles they play in organizing the interactions of people as they come to know one another. The distinction between the relatively independent declarative, procedural, and emotional learning systems is especially significant in this regard, as the former mediates what we know about one another, the second mediates what we do with one another, and the third affects behavior by altering our emotional state. Knowledge of the functioning of these dissociable memory systems provides a novel perspective on relationships--both ordinary social relationships and those that develop in psychotherapy--and further illuminates psychotherapeutic transference and countertransference phenomena. We begin with a review of the neural basis of these processes, then turn our attention to the interpersonal level of analysis.

  18. Personality traits, interpersonal identity, and relationship stability: longitudinal linkages in late adolescence and young adulthood.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klimstra, Theo A; Luyckx, Koen; Branje, Susan; Teppers, Eveline; Goossens, Luc; Meeus, Wim H J

    2013-11-01

    Adolescence and young adulthood are characterized by important changes in personality, changes toward a more stable identity, and the establishment of intimate relationships. We examined the role of personality traits in establishing intimate relationships, the interplay between personality traits and interpersonal identity processes during these relationships, and the role of interpersonal identity processes and personality traits in the dissolution thereof. For this purpose, we used longitudinal data on 424 female college students (mean age at T1 = 18.6 years; Sample 1) and 390 late adolescents drawn from a community sample (56.7% female; mean age at T1 = 19.7 years; Sample 2). Especially highly extraverted individuals were likely to become involved in a relationship. Neuroticism was associated negatively, and Agreeableness and Conscientiousness were associated positively with a stronger sense of interpersonal identity within intimate relationships. Finally, the importance of interpersonal identity processes was underscored by the fact that these processes, and not so much personality traits, predicted relational breakups. Overall, the present study provides important insights into the role of personality and identity in the initiation, maintenance, and dissolution of intimate relationships in late adolescence and young adulthood.

  19. The Relationship between Emotion Regulation Strategies and Interpersonal Behavior among Substance Abusers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adel Zahed

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Individuals with substance abuse show signs of negative emotion regulation strategies and impaired interpersonal behaviors. The aim of the present research was to determine the relationship between emotion regulation strategies and interpersonal behavior among substance abusers. Method: The research design was a correlation study. The research sample consisted of 100 who were selected of the substance abusers that referred to clinical of addiction withdrawal by random sample method in Ardabil city. To collect the data, Emotion regulation Scale and Interpersonal Reactivity Index were used. Results: The results showed that positive and negative emotion regulation strategies were correlated to interpersonal behavior in substance abusers. The results of multiple regression analysis showed positive and negative emotion regulation strategies explained 16 percent of interpersonal behavior variance. Also the results showed that “putting into perspective“ was found to be the best predictor for interpersonal behavior. Conclusion: These results have important implications in psychopathological of substance abuse. On the basis of these results, clinicians can use emotion regulation strategies in order to cope substance abuse.

  20. You spin me right round: cross-relationship variability in interpersonal emotion regulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niven, Karen; Macdonald, Ian; Holman, David

    2012-01-01

    Individuals use a range of interpersonal emotion regulation strategies to influence the feelings of others, e.g., friends, family members, romantic partners, work colleagues. But little is known about whether people vary their strategy use across these different relational contexts. We characterize and measure this variability as "spin," i.e., the extent of dispersion in a person's interpersonal emotion regulation strategy use across different relationships, and focus on two key questions. First, is spin adaptive or maladaptive with regard to personal well-being and relationship quality? Second, do personality traits that are considered important for interpersonal functioning (i.e., empathy, attachment style) predict spin? The data used in this study is drawn from a large online survey. A key contribution of this study is to reveal that people who varied the type of strategies they used across relationships (i.e., those with high spin) had lower positive mood, higher emotional exhaustion, and less close relationships. A further key contribution is to show that spin was associated with low empathic concern and perspective taking and high anxious attachment style. High variability in interpersonal emotion regulation strategies across relationships therefore appears to be maladaptive both personally and socially.

  1. You spin me right round: Cross-relationship variability in interpersonal emotion regulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karen eNiven

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Individuals use a range of interpersonal emotion regulation strategies to influence the feelings of others, e.g., friends, family members, romantic partners, work colleagues. But little is known about whether people vary their strategy use across these different relational contexts. We characterize and measure this variability as ‘spin’, i.e., the extent of dispersion in a person’s interpersonal emotion regulation strategy use across different relationships, and focus on two key questions. First, is spin adaptive or maladaptive with regard to personal well-being and relationship quality? Second, do personality traits that are considered important for interpersonal functioning (i.e., empathy, attachment style predict spin? The data used in this study is drawn from a large online survey. A key contribution of this study is to reveal that people who varied the type of strategies they used across relationships (i.e., those with high spin had lower positive mood, higher emotional exhaustion and less close relationships. A further key contribution is to show that spin was associated with low empathic concern and perspective taking and high anxious attachment style. High variability in interpersonal emotion regulation strategies across relationships therefore appears to be maladaptive both personally and socially.

  2. Interpersonal difficulties mediate the relationship between child sexual abuse and depression symptoms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Laura C; Scarpa, Angela

    2015-01-01

    This study examined the influence of interpersonal functioning as a mediator in the relationship between child sexual abuse and depression symptoms, after accounting for the influence of child physical abuse. The research questions build on the existing knowledge base by examining mechanisms of adult adjustment among child sexual abuse survivors. In the current study, 2,892 young adult women (18-29 years old; M = 19.06) reported on child sexual and physical abuse, 5 domains of interpersonal functioning, and depression symptoms. The results supported aggression, sensitivity, ambivalence, and lack of sociability as mediators in the relationship between child sexual abuse and depression symptoms. These results suggest that interpersonal difficulties related to hostility, emotional reactivity, inability to collaborate, and isolation may be of particular interest when understanding depression in child sexual abuse survivors. The findings support interpersonal problems as a key mechanism of depression symptoms following child sexual abuse and is even demonstrated when examining long-term outcomes and controlling for child physical abuse. The hypotheses and findings are discussed in the context of interpersonal psychotherapy for depression.

  3. Burn-Out among Israeli Arab School Principals as a Function of Professional Identity and Interpersonal Relationships with Teachers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lya, Kremer-Hayon; Faraj, Hani; Wubbels, Theo

    2002-01-01

    Study of burnout among Israeli Arab school principals as a function of professional identity and interpersonal relationships with teachers. Finds, for example, a low extent of burnout, a high extent of professional identity, and a negative correlation between burnout and the positive elements of interpersonal relationships. (Contains 30…

  4. Observing Differences between Healthy and Unhealthy Adolescent Romantic Relationships: Substance Abuse and Interpersonal Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Florsheim, Paul; Moore, David R.

    2008-01-01

    Previous research on adolescent romantic relationships has been largely based on self-reports and interview data; as a result, relatively little is known about the interpersonal-behavioral dynamics of adolescent couples. In an attempt to address this gap in the previous literature on young couples, the present study used observational methods to…

  5. Interpersonal Relationships, Motivation, Engagement, and Achievement: Yields for Theory, Current Issues, and Educational Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Andrew J.; Dowson, Martin

    2009-01-01

    In this review, we scope the role of interpersonal relationships in students' academic motivation, engagement, and achievement. We argue that achievement motivation theory, current issues, and educational practice can be conceptualized in relational terms. Influential theorizing, including attribution theory, expectancy-value theory, goal theory,…

  6. The Effects of Attitude Similarity, Spatial Relationship, and Task Difficulty on Interpersonal Attraction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krivonos, Paul D.

    1980-01-01

    Presents a study of the effects of the occupation of an individual's personal space on that individual's judgment of the invader when the invader's attitudes are known to the invadee. Also studies the effect of the difficulty of the task on the relationship between spatial orientation and interpersonal attraction. (JMF)

  7. The Effects of Attitude Similarity, Spatial Relationship, and Task Difficulty on Interpersonal Attraction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krivonos, Paul D.

    1980-01-01

    Presents a study of the effects of the occupation of an individual's personal space on that individual's judgment of the invader when the invader's attitudes are known to the invadee. Also studies the effect of the difficulty of the task on the relationship between spatial orientation and interpersonal attraction. (JMF)

  8. Teacher-Student Interpersonal Relationships Do Change and Affect Academic Motivation: A Multilevel Growth Curve Modelling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maulana, Ridwan; Opdenakker, Marie-Christine; Bosker, Roel

    2014-01-01

    Background: Research has shown that the teacher-student interpersonal relationship (TSIR) is important for student motivation. Although TSIR has received a growing interest, there are only few studies that focus on changes and links between TSIR and student academic motivation in a longitudinal fashion in non-Western contexts. Aims: This study…

  9. Mentees' Perceptions of Their Interpersonal Relationships : The Role of the Mentor-Youth Bond

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomson, Nicole Renick; Zand, Debra H.

    2010-01-01

    Outcome studies of mentoring programs have demonstrated that they hold considerable promise in promoting competence across multiple developmental domains. A theoretical model of mentoring identified modification of youths' perceptions of their interpersonal relationships as a contributor to positive outcomes. To date, however, there has not been a…

  10. School Experiences Influence Personal Health and Interpersonal Relationships of Adolescents: The Canadian Case

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Xin

    2007-01-01

    Canadian data from the 1998 Cross-National Survey on Health Behaviors in School-Aged Children were analyzed to examine the effects of school experiences on personal health (physical health, mental health, self-esteem, helplessness, and body image) and interpersonal relationships (number of close friends and making friends) among adolescents.…

  11. Teachers' Perceptions of Interpersonal Mentoring Relationships in One Early Childhood Mentoring Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beaunae, Cathrine

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this qualitative study was to gain a greater understanding of the interpersonal relationships between mentors and mentees in one early childhood, teacher-initiated, mentoring program. The mentoring program was designed to facilitate the induction process of newly-employed teachers into the university-based early childhood center.…

  12. Examining Beliefs about Interpersonal Communication and Relationships across Generations: An Assignment of Social Constructionism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aleman, Melissa Wood; Aleman, Carlos Galvan

    2007-01-01

    A basic premise of social approaches to studying communication is that theories of interpersonal communication and personal relationships are reflexively defined, socially constructed, and historically situated. In contrast to the tradition of psychological models of relational processes and message transmission, social approaches encourage…

  13. Interpersonal Relationships, Motivation, Engagement, and Achievement: Yields for Theory, Current Issues, and Educational Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Andrew J.; Dowson, Martin

    2009-01-01

    In this review, we scope the role of interpersonal relationships in students' academic motivation, engagement, and achievement. We argue that achievement motivation theory, current issues, and educational practice can be conceptualized in relational terms. Influential theorizing, including attribution theory, expectancy-value theory, goal theory,…

  14. Examining Beliefs about Interpersonal Communication and Relationships across Generations: An Assignment of Social Constructionism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aleman, Melissa Wood; Aleman, Carlos Galvan

    2007-01-01

    A basic premise of social approaches to studying communication is that theories of interpersonal communication and personal relationships are reflexively defined, socially constructed, and historically situated. In contrast to the tradition of psychological models of relational processes and message transmission, social approaches encourage…

  15. Mental Health Correlates of the Victim-Perpetrator Relationship among Interpersonally Victimized Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawyer, Steven R.; Ruggiero, Kenneth J.; Resnick, Heidi S.; Kilpatrick, Dean G.; Saunders, Benjamin E.

    2006-01-01

    This research examines mental health correlates of different victim-perpetrator relationships among adolescent victims of interpersonal violence. A large and nationally representative sample of adolescents (N = 4,023) responded to structured telephone interviews concerning mental health functioning (posttraumatic stress disorder--PTSD, major…

  16. Using Students' Personal Ads to Teach About Interpersonal Attraction and Intimate Relationships

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isbell, Linda M.; Tyler, James M.

    2005-01-01

    Many students have beliefs about interpersonal relationships that are inconsistent with empirical research. For example, some students report that attractiveness is less important than personality when choosing romantic partners; however, evidence suggests the opposite (Sprecher & Regan, 2002). Our activity in which students wrote personal ads and…

  17. THE ROLE OF INTERPERSONAL AND FIRM FACTORS IN INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS RELATIONSHIPS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farid Ahmed

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Managers have long known intuitively that relationships are important to business. In certain cultures, such as in the East, the emphasis on relationships may typically be more explicit, but a good salesperson knows that building trust and commitment with buyers are essential for long-term success. The role of interpersonal and firm factors on international business relationships are tested with data from 125 pairs of exporter-importer relationships. Drawing from relational exchange theory, personal (such as effective communication, cultural sensitivity and likability of partner and firm (such as reputation and competencies of partner factors are modeled as determinants of commitment and trust in such relationships. The findings support the overall model, highlighting the importance of interpersonal and firm factors to international business relationships. This research highlights the importance of personal and organisational factors that are linked to building trust and commitment. In particular, building, protecting and communicating a positive reputation, and ensuring strong marketing competencies, are important for building contractual and competence trust. The study highlights the importance of interpersonal factors and thus the need to have appropriate personnel involved in the developing and maintaining international business relationships.

  18. Factors Which Facilitate or Impede Interpersonal Interactions and Relationships after Spinal Cord Injury: A Scoping Review with Suggestions for Rehabilitation

    OpenAIRE

    Delena Amsters; Sarita Schuurs; Kiley Pershouse; Bettina Power; Yvonne Harestad; Melissa Kendall; Pim Kuipers

    2016-01-01

    Interpersonal interactions and relationships can influence an individual’s perceptions of health and quality of life in the presence of disability. In the case of people with spinal cord injury (SCI), positive interpersonal interactions and relationships have been shown to contribute to resilience and adaptability. Understanding factors which facilitate or impede the development and maintenance of relationships after SCI may form the basis for proactive relationship support for people with SC...

  19. Child maltreatment and interpersonal relationship among Chinese children with oppositional defiant disorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Xiuyun; Li, Longfeng; Chi, Peilian; Wang, Zhonghui; Heath, Melissa Allen; Du, Hongfei; Fang, Xiaoyi

    2016-01-01

    Child maltreatment negatively affects children's development and wellbeing. This study investigated the associations between child maltreatment (i.e., emotional neglect, emotional abuse, and physical abuse) and interpersonal functioning, including parent-child relationship, teacher-student relationship, and peer relationships among children with oppositional defiant disorder (ODD). A total of 256 children with ODD and their parents and class master teachers from Mainland China completed questionnaires. Results showed a negative correlation between emotional abuse (parent-reported) and children's interpersonal relationships with parents, teachers, and peers. Emotional neglect and physical abuse were related to poor parent-child relationships. Latent profile analysis revealed three profiles of child maltreatment among children with ODD. ODD children with more severe levels of one type of maltreatment were also more likely to have experienced severe levels of other types of maltreatment. Children with ODD who were in the group of high maltreatment had the poorest quality of interpersonal relationships. Our findings highlight the urgent need to prevent child maltreatment and promote more positive parenting in families with ODD children.

  20. Informative Disagreements: Associations Between Relationship Distress, Depression, and Discrepancy in Interpersonal Perception Within Couples.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knobloch-Fedders, Lynne M; Critchfield, Kenneth L; Staab, Erin M

    2015-12-24

    This study evaluated the associations between relationship distress, depression symptoms, and discrepancy in interpersonal perception within couples. After completing a series of discussion tasks, couples (N = 88) rated their behavior using the circumplex-based Structural Analysis of Social Behavior Model (SASB; Benjamin, 1979, 1987, 2000). Overall, couple members were strikingly similar in their interpersonal perceptions, and tended to see themselves as friendly, reciprocal in their focus, and balanced between connection and separateness. As hypothesized, however, perceptual discrepancy was related to relationship distress and depression. Relationship distress was associated with discrepancy regarding transitive behavior focused on the partner, while depression was associated with disagreement about intransitive, self-focused behavior. Analysis of affiliation and autonomy revealed that relationship distress was associated with seeing oneself as reacting with more hostility than the partner sees, and perceiving one's partner as more hostile, more controlling, and less submissive than he or she does. Partners of depressed individuals viewed themselves as more controlling than their mate did. Men's depression was associated with disagreement between partners regarding men's self-focused behavior. Results underscore the importance of considering interpersonal perception when conceptualizing relationship distress and depression within intimate relationships.

  1. Social media and interpersonal relationships: for better or worse?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quist, Norman

    2011-01-01

    Social media challenge--or have already redefined--conventional boundaries of public and private, personal and professional, friendship, and social relations generally. Here, I consider how these developments may affect professionalism, the physician-patient relationship, and our cultural experiences in a wholly different and unexpected way.

  2. When power shapes interpersonal behavior: Low relationship power predicts men's aggressive responses to low situational power.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Overall, Nickola C; Hammond, Matthew D; McNulty, James K; Finkel, Eli J

    2016-08-01

    When does power in intimate relationships shape important interpersonal behaviors, such as psychological aggression? Five studies tested whether possessing low relationship power was associated with aggressive responses, but (a) only within power-relevant relationship interactions when situational power was low, and (b) only by men because masculinity (but not femininity) involves the possession and demonstration of power. In Studies 1 and 2, men lower in relationship power exhibited greater aggressive communication during couples' observed conflict discussions, but only when they experienced low situational power because they were unable to influence their partner. In Study 3, men lower in relationship power reported greater daily aggressive responses toward their partner, but only on days when they experienced low situational power because they were either (a) unable to influence their partner or (b) dependent on their partner for support. In Study 4, men who possessed lower relationship power exhibited greater aggressive responses during couples' support-relevant discussions, but only when they had low situational power because they needed high levels of support. Study 5 provided evidence for the theoretical mechanism underlying men's aggressive responses to low relationship power. Men who possessed lower relationship power felt less manly on days they faced low situational power because their partner was unwilling to change to resolve relationship problems, which in turn predicted greater aggressive behavior toward their partner. These results demonstrate that fully understanding when and why power is associated with interpersonal behavior requires differentiating between relationship and situational power. (PsycINFO Database Record

  3. Relationships between Time-Management Skills, Facebook Interpersonal Skills and Academic Achievement among Junior High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsai, Hsien-Chang; Liu, Shih-Hsiung

    2015-01-01

    Effective time-management skills and interpersonal interactions with familiar friends for learning matters on Facebook are desired characteristics for adolescents attempting to improve their academic achievements. This study identifies the relationships between time-management skills and Facebook interpersonal skills with the academic achievement…

  4. Relationships between Time-Management Skills, Facebook Interpersonal Skills and Academic Achievement among Junior High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsai, Hsien-Chang; Liu, Shih-Hsiung

    2015-01-01

    Effective time-management skills and interpersonal interactions with familiar friends for learning matters on Facebook are desired characteristics for adolescents attempting to improve their academic achievements. This study identifies the relationships between time-management skills and Facebook interpersonal skills with the academic achievement…

  5. The Relationship among Attributions, Emotions, and Interpersonal Styles of Staff Working with Clients with Intellectual Disabilities and Challenging Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zijlmans, Linda J. M.; Embregts, Petri J. C. M.; Bosman, Anna M. T.; Willems, Arno P. A. M.

    2012-01-01

    Several studies have tested Weiner's model, which suggests a relationship among causal attributions regarding challenging behavior (CB), emotions, and helping behavior of staff. No studies have focused on interpersonal styles. The goals of this study were to investigate the influence of type of CB on attributions, emotions and interpersonal style…

  6. Opposites attract or attack? The moderating role of diversity climate in the team diversity-interpersonal aggression relationship.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drach-Zahavy, Anat; Trogan, Revital

    2013-10-01

    This study embraced a unit-level diversity perspective to examine interpersonal aggression, as experienced or witnessed by individual team members. Specifically, our aim was to explore the moderating role of a unit's diversity climate in the link between unit-level surface diversity in terms of ethnicity, sex, age, and tenure, and individual-level perceptions of interpersonal aggression. We tested our hypotheses with 30 nursing units using the Mixed-Linear Model procedure appropriate for nested samples. Results demonstrated that diversity climate moderated the relationships between tenure and ethnic unit diversity and interpersonal aggression, experienced or witnessed among individual team members. Moreover, regardless of the level of diversity climate, age diversity was positively linked to interpersonal aggression, whereas sex diversity was negatively linked to it. These findings imply that the unit's context affects interpersonal aggression and provides important theoretical and practical implications to proactively prevent interpersonal aggression.

  7. Safety in the operating theatre--part 1: interpersonal relationships and team performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaefer, H. G.; Helmreich, R. L.; Scheidegger, D.

    1995-01-01

    The authors examine the application of interpersonal human factors training on operating room (OR) personnel. Mortality studies of OR deaths and critical incident studies of anesthesia are examined to determine the role of human error in OR incidents. Theoretical models of system vulnerability to accidents are presented with emphasis on a systems approach to OR performance. Input, process, and outcome factors are discussed in detail.

  8. Hypnosis and Human Development: Interpersonal Influence of Intrapersonal Processes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vandenberg, Brian

    1998-01-01

    Examines the relationship between hypnosis and human development. Defines hypnosis within a communications framework, and identifies essential features of hypnosis in the communicative exchanges of the first months of life; this forces a reconsideration of the understanding of the ontogenesis of hypnosis. Identifies four key features of hypnosis,…

  9. Hypnosis and Human Development: Interpersonal Influence of Intrapersonal Processes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vandenberg, Brian

    1998-01-01

    Examines the relationship between hypnosis and human development. Defines hypnosis within a communications framework, and identifies essential features of hypnosis in the communicative exchanges of the first months of life; this forces a reconsideration of the understanding of the ontogenesis of hypnosis. Identifies four key features of hypnosis,…

  10. The Effect of Interpersonal Relationships with Customers` Loyalty in Soccer Schools in Tehran-Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Benesbordi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The present study examined the impact of interpersonal communication on Customers` loyalty (trainees `parents in soccer schools in Tehran. It was descriptive – correlation study. Statistical population were trainees` parents in soccer training schools in Tehran. Out of 33 is a soccer school in Tehran, 12 schools were selected through cluster sampling method from six different districts and a total of 285trainees were chosen . We applied Guenzi & Pelloni (2004 Questionnaire whose validity was confirmed by a panel of sports management professors and reliability was confirmed through Cronbach' s alpha coefficient (α = 0.83. We used both descriptive and inferential tests (ks, multivariate linear regression. The multiple correlation coefficient results showed that a significant linear relationship existed (R = 0.659 between interpersonal communication, interpersonal communication with customers and employees together with customers` loyalty . Results of multiple regression coefficient showed that communication between individual employees and customers (t = 4.54, p = 0.001 and interpersonal communication with clients (t = 3.57, p = 0.001 are eligible to predict customer loyalty. As a result,the soccer school officials should emphasize on a good communication with parents and create a friendly climate in training school environment in order to maintain and attract more customers.

  11. Relationship between aggression, interpersonal style, and therapeutic alliance during short-term psychiatric hospitalization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cookson, Amy; Daffern, Michael; Foley, Fiona

    2012-02-01

    Aggression during psychiatric hospitalization is frequent, problematic, and a major challenge for nurses and mental health services more generally. The strength of the therapeutic alliance between nursing staff and patients has been posited as an important protective factor that can limit the likelihood of aggression. This study examined the relationship between interpersonal style, perceived coercion, and psychiatric symptoms on the therapeutic alliance between patients and staff, and how each, in turn, is related to aggression. Participants in this study were 79 patients admitted to an acute psychiatric hospital. Each participant was interviewed to determine perceived coercion, symptoms of psychiatric illness, interpersonal style, and therapeutic alliance. Incidents of aggression were recorded at discharge through a review of incident forms, file review, and interviews with unit nursing staff. The results showed that a hostile-dominant interpersonal style and symptoms of paranoia predicted poor therapeutic alliance, contributing 14% of the variance in therapeutic alliance scores. A dominant interpersonal style predicted aggression towards staff. Therapeutic alliance, perceived coercion, and symptoms of psychiatric illness did not predict aggression. Implications for engagement in treatment and the prevention of aggression are discussed.

  12. Becoming popular: interpersonal emotion regulation predicts relationship formation in real life social networks

    OpenAIRE

    Karen eNiven; David eGarcia; Ilmo evan der Löwe; David eHolman; Warren eMansell

    2015-01-01

    Building relationships is crucial for satisfaction and success, especially when entering new social contexts. In the present paper, we investigate whether attempting to improve others’ feelings helps people to make connections in new networks. In Study 1, a social network study following new networks of people for a twelve-week period indicated that use of interpersonal emotion regulation (IER) strategies predicted growth in popularity, as indicated by other network members’ reports of spendi...

  13. Analysis of Interpersonal Relationship in the Consumer Society Context in Sister Carrie

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张恩秀

    2009-01-01

    Carrie's characterization is a familiar topic in the criticism in Sister Carrie. However, how it could be re-viewed in the context of the consumer society is relalively a new issue. This paper attempts to analyze the interpersonal relationship in the context of a consumer society. It explores the consumer society's influences on the lovers and family. In addition, it points out Dreiser's ambivalent attitude towards consumer ideology.

  14. Numerical simulations to the nonlinear model of interpersonal relationships with time fractional derivative

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gencoglu, Muharrem Tuncay; Baskonus, Haci Mehmet; Bulut, Hasan

    2017-01-01

    The main aim of this manuscript is to obtain numerical solutions for the nonlinear model of interpersonal relationships with time fractional derivative. The variational iteration method is theoretically implemented and numerically conducted only to yield the desired solutions. Numerical simulations of desired solutions are plotted by using Wolfram Mathematica 9. The authors would like to thank the reviewers for their comments that help improve the manuscript.

  15. Attachment styles, earlier interpersonal relationships and schizotypy in a non-clinical sample.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berry, Katherine; Band, Rebecca; Corcoran, Rhiannon; Barrowclough, Christine; Wearden, Alison

    2007-12-01

    This paper investigates associations between adult attachment style, relationships with significant others during childhood, traumatic life-events and schizotypy. Relationships between attachment and hypothesized correlates were investigated in a cross-sectional design using an analogue sample. The reliability of the attachment and trauma measures was investigated using a test-retest design. Three hundred and four students completed the self-report version of the Psychosis Attachment Measure (PAM), maternal and paternal versions of the Parental Bonding Instrument, the Attachment History Questionnaire, a measure of trauma and the Oxford-Liverpool Inventory of Feelings and Experiences scale through an internet website. As predicted, there were statistically significant associations between insecure attachment in adult relationships and experiences of negative interpersonal events. Both earlier interpersonal experiences and adult attachment style predicted schizotypy, and adult attachment style emerged as an independent predictor of positive schizotypal characteristics. The findings support associations between adult attachment style and previous interpersonal experiences and between adult attachment and schizotypy. The PAM is a reliable and valid instrument that can be used to explore attachment styles in analogue samples and associations between attachment styles and psychotic symptoms in clinical samples.

  16. On the Question of Methodological Support of Research on Relationships of Interpersonal Significance in Kindergarten Groups

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iliyn V.A.

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The paper focuses on the importance of in-depth research (in particular, employing an algorithm developed by M.Yu. Kondratyev for defining integral status of an individual on child-child interpersonal relationship in kindergarten groups. Although relationships with significant adults are by all means essential for preschool children, interpersonal relation- ships on the child-child level to a great extent shape the content of the social situation of development in general. Still, when it comes to revealing status and role position of the child in the structure of interpersonal relationships within the kindergarten group, there’s the challenge of defining informal intragroup structure of power in contact community (due to the age specifics. The paper suggests how this challenge may be addressed and provides a version of the technique suitable for preschoolers that helps overcome age restrictions implied by the original technique. Also, the paper reports on the outcomes of approbation of this version which proved its heuristic nature. For instance, the outcomes show a high degree of correlation between the results of kindergarten group members ranking in accordance with their influence upon peers carried out by teachers working in these groups.

  17. Música, comportamento social e relações interpessoais Music, social behavior and interpersonal relationships

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz Ilari

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo desta investigação foi verificar o papel da música na atração interpessoal, escolha de parceiros e relacionamentos afetivos. Cinqüenta adultos não-músicos escolheram possíveis parceiros através de classificados pessoais, descreveram as características de ouvintes de 7 gêneros musicais diferentes e responderam a questões referentes ao uso da música em seus relacionamentos afetivos. Embora a música não tenha tido um efeito direto sobre a atração interpessoal e a escolha de parceiros, ela aparentou ter alguns efeitos indiretos nas relações interpessoais. Alguns estereótipos de personalidade associados aos gêneros musicais foram encontrados, sugerindo que o gosto musical pode influenciar na escolha de parceiros. Além disso, emergiram quatro categorias relacionadas ao uso da música no contexto das relações interpessoais: objetivos de excitação, fundo acústico, facilitadora de atividades que promovem a aproximação e artefato mnemônico. Os dados desta investigação reforçam a idéia de que a música exerce um papel importante nas relações interpessoais.The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of music on interpersonal relationships by means of attraction, choice of partners, and romantic relationships. Fifty adult non-musicians chose potential partners in newspaper ads, described the characteristics of listeners of 7 different musical styles, and answered open-ended questions related to the uses of music in interpersonal relationships of a romantic nature. Although music did not seem to impact interpersonal attraction and choice of partners directly, it was found to impact social bonding in indirect ways. Personality types associated with musical styles emerged, suggesting that musical taste influences interpersonal relationships. Additionally, four categories related to the uses of music in the context of interpersonal relationships emerged including arousal goals, background, facilitator

  18. [Emotional and instrumental orientations in interpersonal attraction and their relationship to group norms in a group-work setting].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hatano, J

    1996-10-01

    This study investigated the relationship between group norms and interpersonal attraction in group work setting. It may be assumed that interpersonal attraction, like group functions, has two conflictive orientations: instrumentality and emotionality. Relationship of the two orientations in interpersonal attraction to group norms was examined in two experiments. Results of Experiment 1, with 66 female university students, suggested that specific contents of group norms influenced both instrumental and emotional attraction. Experiment 2, with 60 female university students, indicated that emotional attraction had normative influence on task selection and goal setting. Conflicting dynamics of the two orientations in group-work setting are discussed.

  19. CAREER ASPIRATION VIS-À-VIS INTERPERSONAL RELATIONSHIP – A STUDY ON SINGLE AND IN-A-RELATIONSHIP STUDENTS

    OpenAIRE

    Swaha Bhattacharya; Rima Bhattacharya

    2014-01-01

    Career aspiration is the strong desire or goal to have a good career. Career aspiration refers to simply the goals that set out to achieve in either one’s current profession or one’s desired profession. An interpersonal relationship is an association between the two or more people that may range from fleeting to enduring. This association may be based on inference, love, solidarity, regular business interactions, or some other types of social commitment. The aim of the present investigation i...

  20. Cognitive failure, teacher’s rejection and interpersonal relationship anxiety in children with dyslexia

    OpenAIRE

    Habib, Aneeza; Naz, Fauzia

    2015-01-01

    Objectives: Present research aimed to explore relationship between cognitive failure, teacher’s rejection (TR), interpersonal relationship anxiety (IRA) and Signs of Dyslexia (SD) in children with dyslexia. Another aim was to explore TR, SD and IRA as predictors of cognitive failure and final aim was to see TR, SD and cognitive failure as predictors of IRA. Method: Sample included140 students (70 girls & 70 boys) with dyslexia. Their age was ranged between 7-14 years (mean age: M=10.50, SD= 1...

  1. Lack of association between human plasma oxytocin and interpersonal trust in a Prisoner's Dilemma paradigm.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James C Christensen

    Full Text Available Expanding interest in oxytocin, particularly the role of endogenous oxytocin in human social behavior, has created a pressing need for replication of results and verification of assay methods. In this study, we sought to replicate and extend previous results correlating plasma oxytocin with trust and trustworthy behavior. As a necessary first step, the two most commonly used commercial assays were compared in human plasma via the addition of a known quantity of exogenous oxytocin, with and without sample extraction. Plasma sample extraction was found to be critical in obtaining repeatable concentrations of oxytocin. In the subsequent trust experiment, twelve samples in duplicate, from each of 82 participants, were collected over approximately six hours during the performance of a Prisoner's Dilemma task paradigm that stressed human interpersonal trust. We found no significant relationship between plasma oxytocin concentrations and trusting or trustworthy behavior. In light of these findings, previous published work that used oxytocin immunoassays without sample extraction should be reexamined and future research exploring links between endogenous human oxytocin and trust or social behavior should proceed with careful consideration of methods and appropriate biofluids for analysis.

  2. Lack of association between human plasma oxytocin and interpersonal trust in a Prisoner's Dilemma paradigm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christensen, James C; Shiyanov, Pavel A; Estepp, Justin R; Schlager, John J

    2014-01-01

    Expanding interest in oxytocin, particularly the role of endogenous oxytocin in human social behavior, has created a pressing need for replication of results and verification of assay methods. In this study, we sought to replicate and extend previous results correlating plasma oxytocin with trust and trustworthy behavior. As a necessary first step, the two most commonly used commercial assays were compared in human plasma via the addition of a known quantity of exogenous oxytocin, with and without sample extraction. Plasma sample extraction was found to be critical in obtaining repeatable concentrations of oxytocin. In the subsequent trust experiment, twelve samples in duplicate, from each of 82 participants, were collected over approximately six hours during the performance of a Prisoner's Dilemma task paradigm that stressed human interpersonal trust. We found no significant relationship between plasma oxytocin concentrations and trusting or trustworthy behavior. In light of these findings, previous published work that used oxytocin immunoassays without sample extraction should be reexamined and future research exploring links between endogenous human oxytocin and trust or social behavior should proceed with careful consideration of methods and appropriate biofluids for analysis.

  3. Self-Esteem, Perceived Stress, and Gender During Adolescence: Interactive Links to Different Types of Interpersonal Relationships.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bi, Yanling; Ma, Lijie; Yuan, Fei; Zhang, Baoshan

    2016-01-01

    The goal of this study was to analyze the relationships between self-esteem, perceived stress, the quality of different types of interpersonal relationships, and gender in adolescents. This study used a sample of 1614 adolescent high school students and robust data analytic techniques to test the proposed relationships. The results partially supported the initial hypothesis in that perceived stress mediated the relationships between self-esteem and four of the types of interpersonal relationships (i.e., same-sex peer relationships, opposite-sex peer relationships, parent-child relationships, and teacher-student relationships) and moderated the relationship between self-esteem and same-sex peer relationships. In addition, a moderated role of gender was also partially supported in that perceived stress mediated the relationships between self-esteem and same-sex peer relationships, opposite-sex peer relationships, and the parent-child relationship for girls, but not boys. On the basis of these findings, it was concluded that perceived stress plays an intervening role in the relationship between self-esteem and different types of interpersonal relationships and that gender seems to be a moderator for some of the patterns of the relationships between these variables. These findings are discussed in light of the possible mechanisms by which the variables could influence each other. Implications for theory and practice as well as some directions for future research were also suggested.

  4. Neurosciences, empathy, and healthy interpersonal relationships: recent findings and implications for counseling psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coutinho, Joana Fernandes; Silva, Patrícia Oliveira; Decety, Jean

    2014-10-01

    In this article, we define the construct of empathy and its relevance for counseling psychology. The importance of deficits in empathic processes for most of the psychological disorders is presented within the context of the social brain hypothesis (Frith, 2007). We provide a review of empirical research about the neural correlates of empathy in terms of both the central and peripheral nervous system. We present recent evidence on the cortical and subcortical regions involved in different dimensions of empathy-emotional contagion, cognitive and emotional empathy, and self-regulation. Regarding the autonomic correlates of empathy, we present evidence about the correlates of sympathetic arousal associated with empathic processes and review data supporting the idea of the physiological linkage or synchrony as indicator of empathy in interpersonal relationships. The implications of these findings for counseling psychology, particularly for the psychotherapist-client relationship and for context of intimate relationships or couples therapy, are discussed.

  5. Effect of virtual reality games on stroke patients' balance, gait, depression, and interpersonal relationships.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Gui Bin; Park, Eun Cho

    2015-07-01

    [Purpose] The purpose of the study was to determine the effects of training using virtual reality games on balance and gait ability, as well as the psychological characteristics of stroke patients, such as depression and interpersonal relationships, by comparing them with the effects of ergometer training. [Subjects] Forty stroke patients were randomly divided into a virtual reality group (VRG, N = 20) and an ergometer training group (ETG, N = 20). [Methods] VRG performed training using the Xbox Kinect. ETG performed training using an ergometer bicycle. Both groups received training 30 min per day, five times per week, for eight weeks. [Results] Both the VRG and ETG subjects exhibited a significant difference in weight distribution ratio on the paralyzed side and balance ability. Both the VRG and ETG patients showed significant improvement in psychological measures BDI and RCS, after the intervention, and the VRG sowed a more significant increase in BDI than the ETG. [Conclusion] According to the result of this study, virtual reality training and ergometer training were both effective at improving balance, gait abilities, depression, and interpersonal relationships among stroke patients.

  6. Effects of integrated yoga on quality of life and interpersonal relationship of pregnant women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rakhshani, Abbas; Maharana, Satyapriya; Raghuram, Nagarathna; Nagendra, Hongasandra R; Venkatram, Padmalatha

    2010-12-01

    The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of integrated yoga on the quality of life and interpersonal relationships in normal pregnant women. One hundred and two pregnant women between 18 and 20 weeks of gestation who met the inclusion criteria were recruited from the obstetric units in Bangalore and were randomly assigned to two groups of yoga (n = 51) and control (n = 51). Women with medical conditions that could potentially lead to pregnancy complications and those with abnormal fetal parameters were excluded. The yoga group received integrated yoga while control group received standard antenatal exercises, both for 1-h three times a week from 20th to 36th week of gestation. Pre and post assessments were done using WHOQOL-100 and FIRO-B questionnaires. Of the six domains of WHOQOL-100, between groups analysis showed significant improvements in the yoga group compared to the control in the physical (P = 0.001), psychological (P FIRO-B, the yoga group showed significant improvements in 'Expressed Inclusion' (P = 0.02) and 'Wanted Control' (P = 0.009) domains compared to the control group. The integrated yoga is an efficacious means of improving the quality of life of pregnant women and enhancing certain aspects of their interpersonal relationships.

  7. Interpersonal relationships between professionals and mothers of premature from Kangaroo-Unit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisca Eliene de Oliveira Callou

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To understand the interpersonal relationships between professionals and mothers of premature newborns of the Kangaroo Unit. Methods: This was an exploratory study of qualitative approach. The interviews were conducted with 10 mothers and 7 professionals who joined in Kangaroo Program and then analyzed by the content analysis technique. The guiding questions used were related to feelings perceived in relation to the Kangaroo method, related to mother-child dyad and interpersonal relationships. Results: Mothers reported on their speeches: “safe to be with the baby in Kangaroo Method” and “sense of maternal feeling during breastfeeding”, while in the professionals’ discourses have emerged: “guidelines on caring for the babies”, “the embracement by the team” and “the importance of family support.” Conclusions: The interaction between professionals and mothers of Kangaroo Unit facilitates the permanence of the binomial in the method, therefore develops feelings of security, tranquility and confidence to take care of the baby. It is important that the team be aware of the difficulties, supporting them in the weakest moments and sharing their fears, doubts and concerns over the baby’s hospitalization.

  8. Interpersonal relationship and lay third parties' side-taking preference : A cross-cultural study among Chinese and Dutch

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Yang, Huadong; Van de Vliert, Evert; Shi, Kan

    2007-01-01

    In two comparative studies, both conducted in China and in the Netherlands, we investigated the effect of an asymmetric relationship on lay third parties' side-taking preference in an interpersonal dispute. The first study shows that a perceived close relationship with one of the disputants motivate

  9. Interpersonal Relationship and Lay Third Parties' Side-Taking Preference : A Cross-Cultural Study Among Chinese and Dutch

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Yang, Huadong; Vliert, van de Evert; Shi, Kan

    2007-01-01

    In two comparative studies, both conducted in China and in the Netherlands, we investigated the effect of an asymmetric relationship on lay third parties' side-taking preference in an interpersonal dispute. The first study shows that a perceived close relationship with one of the disputants motivate

  10. Measuring the Transgression-Related Interpersonal Motivations Inventory in Marital Relationships: Forgiveness in the Chinese Context (C-TRIM)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Lai Cheung; Chu, Amanda M. Y.; Chan, Cecilia L. W.

    2014-01-01

    Objective: Because forgiveness is an important aspect of studies in marital relationships, there is a need for a culturally relevant measure of forgiveness for Chinese couples. This study aims to validate the Transgression-related Interpersonal Motivations Inventory in marital relationships within a Chinese context (C-TRIM). Method: Data were…

  11. This examined life: the upside of self-knowledge for interpersonal relationships.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tenney, Elizabeth R; Vazire, Simine; Mehl, Matthias R

    2013-01-01

    Although self-knowledge is an unquestioned good in many philosophical traditions, testing this assumption scientifically has posed a challenge because of the difficulty of measuring individual differences in self-knowledge. In this study, we used a novel, naturalistic, and objective criterion to determine individuals' degree of self-knowledge. Specifically, self-knowledge was measured as the congruence between people's beliefs about how they typically behave and their actual behavior as measured with unobtrusive audio recordings from daily life. We found that this measure of self-knowledge was positively correlated with informants' perceptions of relationship quality. These results suggest that self-knowledge is interpersonally advantageous. Given the importance of relationships for our social species, self-knowledge could have great social value that has heretofore been overlooked.

  12. The Changes of Interpersonal Relationship Style in the ;Internet Era%网络化时代交往方式的变迁

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李南; 潘玉进

    2013-01-01

    网络为人类的生存和交往构建了与现实世界既有联系又有区别的虚拟环境的时候,使人类传统的交往方式发生了革命性的变迁。本文试图通过对近几年国内外有关交往方式研究文献的回顾和分析,来了解在网络化的时代背景下,人类交往方式变迁的特点。%When the network, for human existence and relation-ship, built the virtual environment that has both connection and difference with the real world, the traditional interpersonal rela-tionship style had a revolutionary change. This article attempted to review and analyze the literatures of interpersonal relationship style in recent years at home and abroad in order to understand the characteristics of the changes in interpersonal relationship style in the Internet era.

  13. Teacher-student interpersonal relationships in Indonesia : profiles and importance to student motivation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Maulana, Ridwan; Opdenakker, Marie-Christine; den Brok, Perry; Bosker, Roel

    2011-01-01

    This study was designed to investigate the distribution of interpersonal profiles based on students' and teachers' perceptions and to examine the associations between students' perceptions of teacher interpersonal behaviour and learning motivation in Indonesia. Participants were 1900 secondary schoo

  14. Teacher-student interpersonal relationships in Indonesia : profiles and importance to student motivation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Maulana, Ridwan; Opdenakker, Marie-Christine; den Brok, Perry; Bosker, Roel

    2011-01-01

    This study was designed to investigate the distribution of interpersonal profiles based on students' and teachers' perceptions and to examine the associations between students' perceptions of teacher interpersonal behaviour and learning motivation in Indonesia. Participants were 1900 secondary schoo

  15. The relationship between therapist-client interpersonal compatibility, sex of therapist, and therapeutic outcome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malloy, T E

    1981-04-01

    Explored the relationship between therapist-client interpersonal compatibility, sex of therapist, and psychotherapeutic outcome. The research sample consisted of 48 therapist-client dyads. The therapists were all graduate students enrolled in an individual therapy practicum, while the client sample was composed of 48 undergraduate female (mean age 19.3 years). The interpersonal compatibility of the dyads was determined from the FIRO-B results for each of the members' using a modification of Schutz's (1966) original mathematical schema. Therapy outcome was determined from pretherapy and posttherapy testing with the Tennessee Self Concept Scale and Mooney Problem Check List. A 3 X 2 research design with one concomitant variable (pretest) was used and data were analyzed using an analysis of covariance procedure. Results suggested that among this sample the sex of therapist did not have a significant differential effect. There was also a consistent lack of interaction effects between dyadic compatibility and sex of therapist. However, significant differences in therapeutic outcome across the levels of compatibility were observed.

  16. How is time perspective related to perceptions of self and of interpersonal relationships?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akirmak, Umit

    2014-12-17

    Previous research has revealed a positive association between balanced time perspective (BTP) and subjective well-being (Boniwell & Zimbardo, 2004), however mechanisms underlying BTP are yet to be determined. The goal of the present study was to examine the contributions of personality and quality of interpersonal relationships in the development of BTP. Additionally, the correlations between these measures and time perspective dimensions were evaluated as an attempt to provide further psychometric properties of the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory (ZTPI) in a Turkish sample. 178 undergraduates filled out a survey that included the ZTPI and measures that assessed personality characteristics, and quality of parent, peer, and adult relationships. Results showed that deviation from BTP was positively associated with romantic anxiety (r = .41, p < .001), romantic avoidance (r = .33, p < .001), and neuroticism (r = .49, p < .001) but negatively associated with self-esteem (r = -.50, p < .001) and security of the mother (r = -.38, p < .001), father (r = -.37, p < .001) and peer (r = -.27, p < .001) attachment. When personality and attachment measures were employed in a regression analysis, father attachment, romantic anxiety, self-esteem, and neuroticism were found to be significant predictors of the deviation from BTP scores (adjusted R 2 = .39, f 2 = .75). Finally, the inter-correlations of the ZTPI dimensions and their correlations with the personality and attachment measures provided additional support for the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the ZTPI. These findings imply that positive perceptions of self and of interpersonal relationships are crucial in the development of BTP.

  17. Relationship between interpersonal trauma exposure and addictive behaviors: a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Konkolÿ Thege, Barna; Horwood, Lewis; Slater, Linda; Tan, Maria C; Hodgins, David C; Wild, T Cameron

    2017-05-04

    The aim of this study was to systematically summarize knowledge on the association between exposure to interpersonal trauma and addictive behaviors. Extant reviews on this association focused on a restricted range of substance-related addictions, and/or used a narrative instead of a systematic approach. Systematic searches of 8 databases yielded 29,841 studies, of which 3054 studies were included and subsequently classified in relation to study design (scoping review). A subset of observational studies (N = 181) prospectively investigating the relationship between exposure to interpersonal traumata and subsequent behavioral or substance-related addiction problems were characterized. Heterogeneity in study methodologies and types of addictive behaviors and traumatic experiences assessed precluded meta-analysis. Instead, the proportions of associations tested in this literature that revealed positive, negative, or null relationships between trauma exposure and subsequent addictive behaviors were recorded, along with other methodological features. Of 3054 included studies, 70.7% (n = 2160) used a cross-sectional design. In the 181 prospective observational studies (407,041 participants, 98.8% recruited from developed countries), 35.1% of the tested associations between trauma exposure and later addictive behaviors was positive, 1.3% was negative, and 63.6% was non-significant. These results were primarily obtained among non-treatment seeking samples (80.7% of studies; n = 146), using single and multi-item measures of addictive behaviors of unknown psychometric quality (46.4% of studies). Positive associations were more frequently observed in studies examining childhood versus adult traumatization (39.7% vs. 29.7%). Longitudinal research in this area emphasizes alcohol abuse, and almost no research has examined behavioral addictions. Results provide some support for a positive association between exposure to interpersonal trauma and subsequent addictive behaviors

  18. Understanding the impact of residents' interpersonal relationships during emergency department referrals and consultations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Teresa; Sabir, Kameron; Sanhan, Sarila; Sherbino, Jonathan

    2013-12-01

    Communicating with colleagues is a key physician competency. Yet few studies have sought to uncover the complex nature of relationships between referring and consulting physicians, which may be affected by the inherent relationships between the participants. Our study examines themes identified from discussions about communications and the role of relationships during the referral-consultation process. From March to September 2010, 30 residents (10 emergency medicine, 10 general surgery, 10 internal medicine) were interviewed using a semistructured focus group protocol. Two investigators independently reviewed the transcripts using inductive methods and grounded theory to generate themes (using codes for ease of analysis) until saturation was reached. Disagreements were resolved by consensus, yielding an inventory of themes and subthemes. Measures for ensuring trustworthiness of the analysis included generating an audit trail and external auditing of the material by investigators not involved with the initial analysis. Two main relationship-related themes affected the referral-consultation process: familiarity and trust. Various subthemes were further delineated and studied in the context of pertinent literature. Relationships between physicians have a powerful influence on the emergency department referral-consultation dynamic. The emergency department referral-consultation may be significantly altered by the familiarity and perceived trustworthiness of the referring and consulting physicians. Our proposed framework may further inform and improve instructional methods for teaching interpersonal communication. Most importantly, it may help junior learners understand inherent difficulties they may encounter during the referral process between emergency and consulting physicians.

  19. The Relationship between the Level of I-conscousness We-consciousness and Interpersonal Problems of Korean Medical Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Eunbae B; Jeon, Wootack; Ryue, Sook-Hee

    2010-06-01

    In Korea, students should have the consciousness of 'I' and 'we' to adapt well in society. Medical students in Korea must develop interpersonal and intrapersonal characteristics that are in accordance with Korean culture. This study intends to determine the relationship between the level of I-consciousness/we-consciousness and interpersonal problems in medical students. The I-consciousness/we-consciousness Inventory and the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems were used for 212 first year medical students and 191 second year medical students at Yonsei University College of Medicine in 2008. The levels of I-consciousness/we-consciousness and interpersonal problems in medical students were higher than those of other general college students. There was a significant inverse correlation between the level of I-consciousness/we-consciousness and interpersonal problems for 118 of 130 factors. The higher the level of I-consciousness/we-consciousness in medical students is, the fewer interpersonal problems there are. Educational programs that take into account the consciousness of 'I' and 'we' are useful for the development of medical students' personalities.

  20. A Novel Numerical Approach for a Nonlinear Fractional Dynamical Model of Interpersonal and Romantic Relationships

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jagdev Singh

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we propose a new numerical algorithm, namely q-homotopy analysis Sumudu transform method (q-HASTM, to obtain the approximate solution for the nonlinear fractional dynamical model of interpersonal and romantic relationships. The suggested algorithm examines the dynamics of love affairs between couples. The q-HASTM is a creative combination of Sumudu transform technique, q-homotopy analysis method and homotopy polynomials that makes the calculation very easy. To compare the results obtained by using q-HASTM, we solve the same nonlinear problem by Adomian’s decomposition method (ADM. The convergence of the q-HASTM series solution for the model is adapted and controlled by auxiliary parameter ℏ and asymptotic parameter n. The numerical results are demonstrated graphically and in tabular form. The result obtained by employing the proposed scheme reveals that the approach is very accurate, effective, flexible, simple to apply and computationally very nice.

  1. Interpersonal relationship narratives of older adults with schizophrenia-spectrum diagnoses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogden, Lydia P

    2014-11-01

    Shared themes connected to interpersonal relationships across the life courses of older adults with schizophrenia-spectrum diagnoses were identified in first-person life history narratives and explored in depth. Findings were developed through thematic narrative analysis of 35 interviews with 7 older adults currently in treatment for schizophrenia-spectrum diagnoses. A combination of open-ended questions, life history calendars, and time diaries were used to structure interviews, and narrative and analytical development. Themes of relational losses, relational voids, relational adjustments, relational adaptations, and the need for solitude were identified and located as they occurred in patterns across the life course. Specific implications for theoretical development, practice, policy, and future research on interventions that address social recovery for older adults with schizophrenia are discussed.

  2. Evocative gene-environment correlation in the mother-child relationship: a twin study of interpersonal processes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klahr, Ashlea M; Thomas, Katherine M; Hopwood, Christopher J; Klump, Kelly L; Burt, S Alexandra

    2013-02-01

    The behavior genetic literature suggests that genetically influenced characteristics of the child elicit specific behaviors from the parent. However, little is known about the processes by which genetically influenced child characteristics evoke parental responses. Interpersonal theory provides a useful framework for identifying reciprocal behavioral processes between children and mothers. The theory posits that, at any given moment, interpersonal behavior varies along the orthogonal dimensions of warmth and control and that the interpersonal behavior of one individual tends to elicit corresponding or contrasting behavior from the other (i.e., warmth elicits warmth, whereas control elicits submission). The current study thus examined these dimensions of interpersonal behavior as they relate to the parent-child relationship in 546 twin families. A computer joystick was used to rate videos of mother-child interactions in real time, yielding information on mother and child levels of warmth and control throughout the interaction. Analyses indicated that maternal control, but not maternal warmth, was influenced by evocative gene-environment correlational processes, such that genetic influences on maternal control and child control were largely overlapping. Moreover, these common genetic influences were present both cross-sectionally and over the course of the interaction. Such findings not only confirm the presence of evocative gene-environment correlational processes in the mother-child relationship but also illuminate at least one of the specific interpersonal behaviors that underlie this evocative process.

  3. Relationship of Interpersonal Behaviors and Health-Related Control Appraisals to Patient Satisfaction and Compliance in a University Health Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Thomas A.; Auerbach, Stephen M.; Kiesler, Donald J.

    2007-01-01

    Objective: The authors' aim was to evaluate patient-provider relationships in a college health center. Participants: Eighty student patients and their health-care providers. Methods: Patients completed a measure of perceived health competence before a consultation and measures of provider participatory behavior and interpersonal behavior before…

  4. Network strength, transaction-specific investments, inter-personal trust, and relationship satisfaction in Chinese agrifood SMEs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lu Hualiang,; Feng, S.; Trienekens, J.H.; Omta, S.W.F.

    2012-01-01

    Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effects of network strength, transaction-specific investments and inter-personal trust on business relationship satisfaction for small-and-medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) involved in agri-food processing and exporting in China. Design/methodo

  5. The relationship among attributions, emotions, and interpersonal styles of staff working with clients with intellectual disabilities and challenging behavior

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zijlmans, L.J.M.; Embregts, P.J.C.M.; Bosman, A.M.T.; Willems, A.P.A.M.

    2012-01-01

    Several studies have tested Weiner's model, which suggests a relationship among causal attributions regarding challenging behavior (CB), emotions, and helping behavior of staff. No studies have focused on interpersonal styles. The goals of this study were to investigate the influence of type of CB o

  6. The Differential Effect of the Teacher-Student Interpersonal Relationship on Student Outcomes for Students with Different Ethnic Backgrounds

    Science.gov (United States)

    den Brok, Perry; van Tartwijk, Jan; Wubbels, Theo; Veldman, Ietje

    2010-01-01

    Background: The differential effectiveness of schools and teachers receives a growing interest, but few studies focused on the relevance of student ethnicity for this effectiveness and only a small number of these studies investigated teaching in terms of the teacher-student interpersonal relationship. Furthermore, the methodology employed often…

  7. Teacher Emotions in the Classroom: Associations with Students' Engagement, Classroom Discipline and the Interpersonal Teacher-Student Relationship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hagenauer, Gerda; Hascher, Tina; Volet, Simone E.

    2015-01-01

    The present study explores teacher emotions, in particular how they are predicted by students' behaviour and the interpersonal aspect of the teacher-student relationship (TSR). One hundred thirty-two secondary teachers participated in a quantitative study relying on self-report questionnaire data. Based on the model of teacher emotions by Frenzel…

  8. Reducing uncertainty in sustainable interpersonal service relationships: the role of aesthetics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xenakis, Ioannis

    2017-06-08

    Sustainable interpersonal service relationships (SISRs) are the outcome of a design process that supports situated meaningful interactions between those being served and those in service. Service design is not just directed to simply satisfy the ability to perceive the psychological state of others, but more importantly, it should aim at preserving these relationships in relation to the contextual requirements that they functionally need, in order to be or remain sustainable. However, SISRs are uncertain since they have many possibilities to be in error in the sense that the constructed, situated meanings may finally be proven unsuccessful for the anticipations and the goals of those people engaged in a SISR. The endeavor of this paper is to show that aesthetic behavior plays a crucial role in the reduction of the uncertainty that characterizes such relationships. Aesthetic behavior, as an organized network of affective and cognitive processes, has an anticipatory evaluative function with a strong influence on perception by providing significance and value for those aspects in SISRs that exhibit many possibilities to serve goals that correspond to sustainable challenges. Thus, aesthetic behavior plays an important role in the construction of meanings that are related to both empathic and contextual aspects that constitute the entire situation in which a SISR takes place. Aesthetic behavior has a strong influence in meaning-making, motivating the selection of actions that contribute to our initial goal of interacting with uncertainty, to make the world a bit less puzzling and, thus, to improve our lives, or in other words, to design.

  9. A note on the relationship between the comfortable interpersonal distance scale and the sociometric status of emotionally disturbed children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaefer, C E; Higgins, J

    1976-03-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between two measures of social attraction or status: namely, the recently developed Comfortable Interpersonal Distance (CID) Scale and a traditional measure of sociometric status. Both measures were recorded for a sample of emotionally disturbed, preadolescent boys who were in residential treatment. The results indicated that the two measures were very highly correlated. This finding means that the more a boy was liked by his cottage peers, the closer these peers indicated that they would like to sit next to the boy in a room. In other words, physical interpersonal distance seems to be nonverbal way of communicating liking for a person.

  10. Interpersonal Subtypes of Anxiety Disorder Patients: Relationship to Assessment and Treatment Variables.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pitman, Seth R; Hilsenroth, Mark J

    2016-07-01

    We attempted to replicate earlier findings of interpersonal subtypes in patients with anxiety disorder (Psychotherapy. 2011;48:304-310) and examine whether these subtypes are characterized by different types of pathology and respond differently to treatment. Interpersonal problems were measured by the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems (Inventory of Interpersonal Problems Manual. San Antonio, TX: Psychological Cooperation; 2000) in a sample of 31 patients with anxiety disorder. Results demonstrated the existence of 4 interpersonal subtypes. The subtypes did not differ in severity of anxiety and global levels of symptoms at pretreatment or in Reliable Change Index of anxiety symptoms over the course of treatment. However, they were significantly different in terms of overall interpersonal problems (p = 0.004). Regarding treatment variables, half of the patients in the nonassertive cluster discontinued treatment prematurely. The number of psychotherapy sessions attended was significantly different across the 4 clusters (p = 0.04), with socially avoidant patients attending significantly greater number of sessions.

  11. Can Role-Play with Virtual Humans Teach Interpersonal Skills?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-01

    2007, with concentrations in cinema -television and technology commercialization. He has led several mixed-reality- and game-based training efforts at...participants’ responses to the role-players, their perception of the realism of the virtual human and the social characteristics of the interaction, and the

  12. Interpersonal circumplex.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leary, T

    1996-04-01

    The social and intellectual climate of the late 1940s and early 1950s in America helped nourish humanistic, person-centered views of human behavior. During that time, psychologists such as Gordon Allport, Abraham Maslow, David McClelland, Harry Murray, and Carl Rogers emphasized the positive growth potential in human character. The psychiatrist Harry Stack Sullivan proposed that personality can best be understood within the context of interpersonal transactions, and he provided a practical, street-smart understanding of psychiatric symptoms that was quite an advance over the traditional medical and psychoanalytic viewpoints. These ideas, along with the concept of dimensionalizing traits rather than categorizing them, inspired my colleagues and I to conduct our cooperative work on the interpersonal circumplex, which culminated in the publication of my monograph. Interpersonal Diagnosis of Personality (Leary, 1957).

  13. Becoming popular: Interpersonal emotion regulation predicts relationship formation in real life social networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karen eNiven

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Building relationships is crucial for satisfaction and success, especially when entering new social contexts. In the present paper, we investigate whether attempting to improve others’ feelings helps people to make connections in new networks. In Study 1, a social network study following new networks of people for a twelve-week period indicated that use of interpersonal emotion regulation (IER strategies predicted growth in popularity, as indicated by other network members’ reports of spending time with the person, in work and non-work interactions. In Study 2, linguistic analysis of the tweets from over 8000 Twitter users from formation of their accounts revealed that use of IER predicted greater popularity in terms of the number of followers gained. However, not all types of IER had positive effects. Behavioral IER strategies (which use behavior to reassure or comfort in order to regulate affect were associated with greater popularity, while cognitive strategies (which change a person’s thoughts about his or her situation or feelings in order to regulate affect were negatively associated with popularity. Our findings have implications for our understanding of how new relationships are formed, highlighting the important the role played by intentional emotion regulatory processes.

  14. Becoming popular: interpersonal emotion regulation predicts relationship formation in real life social networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niven, Karen; Garcia, David; van der Löwe, Ilmo; Holman, David; Mansell, Warren

    2015-01-01

    Building relationships is crucial for satisfaction and success, especially when entering new social contexts. In the present paper, we investigate whether attempting to improve others' feelings helps people to make connections in new networks. In Study 1, a social network study following new networks of people for a 12-week period indicated that use of interpersonal emotion regulation (IER) strategies predicted growth in popularity, as indicated by other network members' reports of spending time with the person, in work and non-work interactions. In Study 2, linguistic analysis of the tweets from over 8000 Twitter users from formation of their accounts revealed that use of IER predicted greater popularity in terms of the number of followers gained. However, not all types of IER had positive effects. Behavioral IER strategies (which use behavior to reassure or comfort in order to regulate affect) were associated with greater popularity, while cognitive strategies (which change a person's thoughts about his or her situation or feelings in order to regulate affect) were negatively associated with popularity. Our findings have implications for our understanding of how new relationships are formed, highlighting the important the role played by intentional emotion regulatory processes.

  15. Validation of the Scale of Preferences and Expectations in Close Interpersonal Relationships (EPERIC).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fontanil, Yolanda; Ezama, Esteban; Alonso, Yolanda

    2013-01-01

    The most commonly used instruments for assessing adult attachment have shown differing combinations of items and divergences in the resulting sub-scales. This study presents the Scale of Preferences and Expectations in Close Interpersonal Relationships ( Escala de Preferencias y Expectativas en las Relaciones Interpersonales Cercanas, EPERIC), made up of 22 items, and based upon the Relationship Scales Questionnaire (RSQ) of Griffin and Bartholomew. Exploratory and confirmatory factorial analyses (EFA and CFA) were undertaken using data from a sample of 594 people. Factor analysis distinguishes three sub-scales: Fear of rejection or abandonment , Desire for closeness and Preference for independence , which explains 42.78% of the total variance. The alpha coefficients reveal a high internal consistency of the instrument and its sub-scales. Regarding validity, CFA showed an adequate fit for the trifactorial solution, and the expected correlations with other instruments for assessing attachment style in adults were found. EPERIC is also suitable for predicting affective states and psychological well-being. The EPERIC is a potentially useful and valid instrument for research and clinical purposes. The discussion focuses on the fact that our results support a model of three factors rather than two, as is usual in studies on adult attachment.

  16. 人际自立与抑郁的关系%The Relationship Between Interpersonal Self-Support and Depression

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏凌翔; 万黎; 宋艳; 杨翼龙

    2011-01-01

    前期研究显示人际自立与抑郁负相关,本研究用两个调查来进一步探索人际自立与抑郁关系的价值与特点.研究一使用青少年学生人际自立量表、社会依赖量表中文修订版和自评抑郁量表对471名有效被试进行了调查,结果发现:①人际主动、人际灵活与社会依赖无关;②在控制了社会依赖后,人际自立对抑郁仍有显著的负向预测作用.研究二使用青少年学生人际自立量表、症状自评量表中的抑郁分量表、社会支持评定量表对287名有效被试进行了调查.结果发现,调节模型不被支持,社会支持在人际独立、人际开放、人际主动与抑郁的关系中起到中介作用.综上所述可以认为:人际自立负向预测抑郁的能力很可能不会受其他抑郁相关人格的明显影响,很可能是新的抑郁的保护性人格因素;人际因素很可能在人际自立与抑郁的关系中起到中介作用.%Interests in the relationship between personality and depression have a long history. However, most of studies focus on personality vulnerabilities to depression. According to positive psychology, protective personality factors for depression warrants exploration. In the present study, interpersonal self-support was proposed as a new protective personality factor of depression on the basis of our prior studies that foundinterpersonal self-support traits were negatively related with depression. Two studies were conducted to explore the roles of sociotropy and social support in the relationship between interpersonal self-support and depression.In Study One, the Interpersonal Self-Support Scale of Adolescent Students (ISSS-AS), Chinese version of Sociotropy Scale, and Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS)were administered to 471 subjects. The results showed: ? Interpersonal initiative and interpersonal flexibility were not related with sociotropy and @ Interpersonal self-support could significantly predict depression

  17. The interpersonal relationship in clinical practice. The Barrett-Lennard Relationship Inventory as an assessment instrument.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simmons, J; Roberge, L; Kendrick, S B; Richards, B

    1995-03-01

    The biomedical model that has long been central to medical practice is gradually being expanded to a broader biopsychosocial model. Relationship-building skills commensurate with the new paradigm need to be understood by educators and taught to medical practitioners. The person-centered, or humanistic, model of psychologist Carl Rogers provides a theoretical approach for the development of effective biopsychosocial relationships. The Barrett-Lennard Relationship Inventory (BLRI) was developed in 1962 as an assessment instrument for the person-centered model. In this article, the person-centered model and the use of the BLRI as an assessment instrument of this model are discussed. Current and potential uses of the BLRI are explored.

  18. Distinct Neural Circuits Subserve Interpersonal and Non-interpersonal Emotions

    OpenAIRE

    Landa, Alla; Wang, Zhishun; Russell, James A.; Posner, Jonathan; Duan, Yunsuo; Kangarlu, Alayar; Huo, Yuankai; Fallon, Brian A.; Peterson, Bradley S.

    2013-01-01

    Emotions elicited by interpersonal versus non-interpersonal experiences have different effects on neurobiological functioning in both animals and humans. However, the extent to which the brain circuits underlying interpersonal and non-interpersonal emotions are distinct still remains unclear. The goal of our study was to assess whether different neural circuits are implicated in the processing of arousal and valence of interpersonal versus non-interpersonal emotions. During functional magneti...

  19. Teacher-Student Interpersonal Relationships in Indonesia: Profiles and Importance to Student Motivation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maulana, Ridwan; Opdenakker, Marie-Christine; den Brok, Perry; Bosker, Roel

    2011-01-01

    This study was designed to investigate the distribution of interpersonal profiles based on students' and teachers' perceptions and to examine the associations between students' perceptions of teacher interpersonal behaviour and learning motivation in Indonesia. Participants were 1900 secondary school students (grades 7 to 9) across 66 (Mathematics…

  20. Relationship between Teachers' Preferred Teacher-Student Interpersonal Behaviour and Intellectual Styles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Tak Ming; Zhu, Chang

    2011-01-01

    This study examines the association between teachers' preferred interpersonal behaviour in teaching and their thinking styles. A sample of 131 secondary teachers from Hong Kong (n = 94) and Macau (n = 37) participated in a survey to measure their preferred interpersonal behaviour by the questionnaire for teacher interaction (QTI) and their…

  1. Relationships between Childhood Traumatic Experiences, Early Maladaptive Schemas and Interpersonal Styles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaya Tezel, Fulya; Tutarel Kişlak, Şennur; Boysan, Murat

    2015-09-01

    Cognitive theories of psychopathology have generally proposed that early experiences of childhood abuse and neglect may result in the development of early maladaptive self-schemas. Maladaptive core schemas are central in the development and maintenance of psychological symptoms in a schema-focused approach. Psychosocial dysfunction in individuals with psychological problems has been consistently found to be associated with symptom severity. However, till date, linkages between psychosocial functioning, early traumatic experiences and core schemas have received little attention. The aim of the present study was to explore the relations among maladaptive interpersonal styles, negative experiences in childhood and core self-schemas in non-clinical adults. A total of 300 adults (58% women) participated in the study. The participants completed a socio-demographic questionnaire, Young Schema Questionnaire, Childhood Trauma Questionnaire and Interpersonal Style Scale. Hierarchical regression analyses revealed that the Disconnection and Rejection and Impaired Limits schema domains were significant antecedents of maladaptive interpersonal styles after controlling for demographic characteristics and childhood abuse and neglect. Associations of child sexual abuse with Emotionally Avoidant, Manipulative and Abusive interpersonal styles were mediated by early maladaptive schemas. Early maladaptive schemas mediated the relations of emotional abuse with Emotionally Avoidant and Avoidant interpersonal styles as well as the relations of physical abuse with Avoidant and Abusive interpersonal styles. Interpersonal styles in adulthood are significantly associated with childhood traumatic experiences. Significant relations between early traumatic experiences and maladaptive interpersonal styles are mediated by early maladaptive schemas.

  2. Relationship between Teachers' Preferred Teacher-Student Interpersonal Behaviour and Intellectual Styles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Tak Ming; Zhu, Chang

    2011-01-01

    This study examines the association between teachers' preferred interpersonal behaviour in teaching and their thinking styles. A sample of 131 secondary teachers from Hong Kong (n = 94) and Macau (n = 37) participated in a survey to measure their preferred interpersonal behaviour by the questionnaire for teacher interaction (QTI) and their…

  3. Relationship Between Intrinsic Motivation and Undergraduate Students' Depression and Stress: The Moderating Effect of Interpersonal Conflict.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Yunhui; Lv, Wei; Wu, Jiang

    2016-10-01

    This study examined the effect of intrinsic academic motivation and interpersonal conflict on the perceived depression and stress. Participants were 537 Chinese undergraduate students (191 males and 346 females; M age = 20.4 years, SD age = 1.3). They completed four scales measuring intrinsic academic motivation, interpersonal conflict, stress, and depression. Linear regressions were conducted with intrinsic academic motivation, interpersonal conflict, and their interaction as independent variables to predict depression and stress. Results showed that intrinsic academic motivation was negatively, while interpersonal conflict was positively, associated with depression and stress. Moreover, the interaction was significant: negative association of "intrinsic academic motivation and depression" and that of "intrinsic academic motivation and stress" was weaker among participants who reported higher (vs. lower) levels of interpersonal conflict. © The Author(s) 2016.

  4. Understanding the Relationship Between Suicidality and Psychopathy: An Examination of the Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicidal Behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anestis, Joye C; Anestis, Michael D; Rufino, Katrina A; Cramer, Robert J; Miller, Holly; Khazem, Lauren R; Joiner, Thomas E

    2016-07-02

    A number of studies have reported a bifurcated relationship between psychopathy and suicidality, such that suicidality is positively related to Factor 2 (impulsive-antisocial lifestyle) of psychopathy but negatively related or unrelated to Factor 1 (affective-interpersonal deficits). The present study aims to expand these findings by investigating this relationship through the lens of the interpersonal-psychological theory of suicidal behavior across both undergraduate and forensic samples. We hypothesized that, although both Factors 1 and 2 would be associated with the acquired capability for suicide, Factor 2 would exhibit a unique relationship with suicidal desire (perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness). Results were largely supportive of these hypotheses, although differences were noted across samples and measures. Findings highlight the importance of precision in the assessment of antisociality and suggest potential differences in the construct of psychopathy between non-criminal and criminal samples.

  5. Human-Forest Relationships

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ritter, Eva; Dauksta, D.

    2012-01-01

    The relationship between human beings and forests has been important for the development of society. It is based on various productive, ecological, social and cultural functions of forests. The cultural functions, including the spiritual and symbolic role of forests, are often not addressed...... problems. To achieve a deeper understanding of the dependency of society on forests, it is necessary to recognise the role of forests in our consciousness of being human. Giving a historical overview about the cultural bonds between people and forests, the first part of the paper puts focus on non-productive...... with the same attention as the other functions. The aim of this paper is to put a stronger emphasis on the fact that the acknowledgement of cultural bonds is needed in the discussion of sustainable development. Forest should not only be considered as a technical means to solve environmental and economic...

  6. Interpersonal influence among public health leaders in the United States Department of Health and Human Services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jenine K. Harris

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Background. In public health, interpersonal influence has been identified as an important factor in the spread of health information, and in understanding and changing health behaviors. However, little is known about influence in public health leadership. Influence is important in leadership settings, where public health professionals contribute to national policy and practice agendas. Drawing on social theory and recent advances in statistical network modeling, we examined influence in a network of tobacco control leaders at the United States Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS. Design and Methods. Fifty-four tobacco control leaders across all 11 agencies in the DHHS were identified; 49 (91% responded to a web-based survey. Participants were asked about communication with other tobacco control leaders, who influenced their work, and general job characteristics. Exponential random graph modeling was used to develop a network model of influence accounting for characteristics of individuals, their relationships, and global network structures. Results. Higher job ranks, more experience in tobacco control, and more time devoted to tobacco control each week increased the likelihood of influence nomination, as did more frequent communication between network members. Being in the same agency and working the same number of hours per week were positively associated with mutual influence nominations. Controlling for these characteristics, the network also exhibited patterns associated with influential clusters of network members. Conclusions. Findings from this unique study provide a perspective on influence within a government agency that both helps to understand decision-making and also can serve to inform organizational efforts that allow for more effective structuring of leadership.

  7. Investigating the relationship among transformational leadership, interpersonal interaction and mentoring functions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Ching-Yuan; Weng, Rhay-Hung; Chen, Yi-Ting

    2016-08-01

    This study aims to ascertain the relationship between transformational leadership, interpersonal interaction and mentoring functions among new staff nurses. Mentoring functions could improve the job performance of new nurses, provide them with support and thus reduce their turnover rate. A cross-sectional study was employed. A questionnaire survey was carried out to collect data among a sample of new nurses from three hospitals in Taiwan. After gathering a total of 306 valid surveys, multiple regression analysis was applied to test the hypothesis. Inspirational motivation, idealised influence and individualised consideration had positive correlations with the overall mentoring function, but intellectual stimulation showed a positive association only with career development function. Perceived similarity and interaction frequency also had positive correlations with mentoring functions. When the shift overlap rate exceeded 80%, mentoring function showed a negative result. The transformational leadership of mentors would improve the mentoring functions among new staff nurses. Perceived similarity and interaction frequency between mentees and mentors also had positive correlations with mentoring functions. It is crucial for hospitals to redesign their leadership training and motivation programmes to enhance the transformational leadership of mentors. Furthermore, nursing managers should promote interaction between new staff nurses and their mentors; however, the shift overlap rate should not be too high. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  8. [The relationships between the difficulty of goal attainment and interpersonal attraction].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hida, M

    1989-06-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of the goal attainment difficulty upon interpersonal attraction for the partner. Eighty female undergraduates participated the experiment. They were given tasks with one of four different goal attainment level (very easy, easy, difficult, and very difficult). Each subject solved it with partners of one of three ability levels (superior, similar, inferior to the subject). After the completion of the task, all subjects were requested to evaluate the three partners' instrumental and emotional attractiveness. The main results were as follows: (1) The subjects evaluated the more capable partner as more attractive on the instrumental attraction dimension. (2) The subjects in easy and difficult goal attainment conditions evaluated the superior partner as most attractive on the emotional attraction dimension. While the subjects in very easy and very difficult goal conditions evaluated the similar partner as most attractive on that dimension. These results were discussed in terms of the relationship between the reward value of interaction partner and the task environment.

  9. Interpersonal Nurse-Patient Relationship With a Young Schizophrenic Pregnant Woman

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renata Marques de Oliveira

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to investigate elements of the personal and psychiatric history, as well as the challenges related to motherhood, of a young schizophrenic female, through person-centered therapeutic interaction. The investigation had an exploratory scope, undertaken in a teaching hospital and data were collected during nondirective interaction on the part of the nurse with a young schizophrenic woman who had been treated in the institution for 10 years. Thematic analysis of the content was undertaken, with emphasis on the nuclei of meaning, identification of the themes and definition of the categories. The patient, called L. in this study, was 30 years old, had a two-year-old child and was three months pregnant when data were collected. Her trajectory was characterized by doubts, fears and uncertainties. The episodes of hospitalization, the coexistence with other patients, and the medications promoted insight into the symptoms, and acceptance of the diagnosis. The main challenge was experiencing pregnancy and the puerperium concomitantly with the psychiatric treatment. The interpersonal relationship established evidenced that, the young woman felling understood and that her needs were attended, overcame several difficulties she had reported and felt fulfilled and integrated into her social environment.

  10. [Relationship among weblog authors' target audience, contents, and types of interpersonal communication].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miura, Asako; Matsumura, Naohiro; Kitayama, Satoshi

    2008-12-01

    Weblogs are one of the most popular personal websites in Japan, where entries are made in journal style and displayed in reverse chronological order. This study examined the relationship between weblog authors' target audience (i.e., orientation) and the actual situations depicted in their weblogs by combining a questionnaire survey of the authors with an analysis of their weblog content data. Based on a questionnaire survey of 736 Japanese weblog authors, their target audience was divided into four clusters: (a) general public, (b) self, (c) self and offline friends, and (d) various others. To assess the actual situations depicted in their weblogs, the amount of happy and unhappy emotional expression in their writing and the frequency of interpersonal communication (comments, bookmarks, and trackbacks) were calculated from their log data. The results suggested that weblog authors wrote different types of content and used different types of communication depending on their audience, whereas the weblog content itself still showed the diary-like characteristic of personal daily-life records.

  11. Depression and dysphoria effects on the interpersonal perception of negative and positive moods and caring relationships: effects of antidepressants, amphetamine, and methylphenidate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janowsky, David S

    2003-12-01

    An inverse relationship exists between an individual's degree of negative affect and the interpersonal perception of friendliness, sympathy and empathy, acceptance, warmth, regard, and genuineness, and the converse relationship persists for the perception of sadness and anger. Thus, a "negative interpersonal bias" exists in those with diagnoses of depression or dysphoria. There is evidence that psychostimulants (ie, amphetamine or methylphenidate) and antidepressants can reverse or improve these negative interpersonal perceptions in a positive way, especially in individuals with dysphoria, depression, and anxiety. The theoretic and therapeutic implications of these relationships are discussed herewith.

  12. Technology-Based Communication and the Development of Interpersonal Competencies Within Adolescent Romantic Relationships: A Preliminary Investigation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nesi, Jacqueline; Widman, Laura; Choukas-Bradley, Sophia; Prinstein, Mitchell J

    2017-06-01

    This study investigated longitudinal associations between adolescents' technology-based communication and the development of interpersonal competencies within romantic relationships. A school-based sample of 487 adolescents (58% girls; Mage  = 14.1) participated at two time points, one year apart. Participants reported (1) proportions of daily communication with romantic partners via traditional modes (in person, on the phone) versus technological modes (text messaging, social networking sites) and (2) competence in the romantic relationship skill domains of negative assertion and conflict management. Results of cross-lagged panel models indicated that adolescents who engaged in greater proportions of technology-based communication with romantic partners reported lower levels of interpersonal competencies one year later, but not vice versa; associations were particularly strong for boys. © 2016 The Authors. Journal of Research on Adolescence © 2016 Society for Research on Adolescence.

  13. The Relationship of Interpersonal Attraction, Experience, and Supervisor's Level of Functioning in Dyadic Counseling Supervision

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sundblad, Lloyd M.; Feinberg, Lawrence B.

    1972-01-01

    Results revealed that interpersonal attraction differentially affects the three facilitative dimensions and that experience mediates attraction differentially depending on the type rather than the amount of experience the supervisor has had. (Author)

  14. Interpersonal Problems and Their Relationship to Depression, Self-Esteem, and Malignant Self-Regard.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huprich, Steven K; Lengu, Ketrin; Evich, Carly

    2016-12-01

    DSM-5 Section III recommends that level of personality functioning be assessed. This requires an assessment of self and other representations. Malignant self-regard (MSR) is a way of assessing the level of functioning of those with a masochistic, self-defeating, depressive, or vulnerably narcissistic personality. In Study 1, 840 undergraduates were assessed for MSR, depressive symptoms, self-esteem, anaclitic and introjective depression, and interpersonal problems. MSR, self-esteem, depressive symptoms, and anaclitic and introjective depression were correlated with multiple dimensions of interpersonal problems, and MSR predicted the most variance in interpersonal scales measuring social inhibition, nonassertion, over-accommodation, and excessive self-sacrifice. MSR, anaclitic, and introjective depression predicted unique variance in six of the eight domains of interpersonal problems assessed. In Study 2, 68 undergraduates were provided positive or negative feedback. Consistent with theory, MSR predicted unique variance in state anxiety but not state anger. Results support the validity of the MSR construct.

  15. The relationship between interpersonal trauma history and the functions of non-suicidal self-injury in young adults: An experience sampling study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horowitz, Sarah; Stermac, Lana

    2017-05-16

    Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) has been reported to serve a range of functions for individuals who engage in it. Despite considerable variation in NSSI functions between individuals, limited attention has been paid to exploring relationships between NSSI functions and other characteristics of self-injuring individuals, such as trauma history. This is despite allusion to trauma history in the suggested etiology of some NSSI functions (e.g., anti-dissociation, self-punishment). The present study used a 21-day online daily diary to explore possible relationships between common NSSI functions and past interpersonal trauma in community young adults (n = 38). The interpersonal boundaries and anti-dissociation functions significantly related to interpersonal trauma severity in multiple regression analyses; the interpersonal boundaries function continued to significantly relate to interpersonal trauma severity when controlling for the number of NSSI functions endorsed.

  16. Factors Which Facilitate or Impede Interpersonal Interactions and Relationships after Spinal Cord Injury: A Scoping Review with Suggestions for Rehabilitation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Delena Amsters

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Interpersonal interactions and relationships can influence an individual’s perceptions of health and quality of life in the presence of disability. In the case of people with spinal cord injury (SCI, positive interpersonal interactions and relationships have been shown to contribute to resilience and adaptability. Understanding factors which facilitate or impede the development and maintenance of relationships after SCI may form the basis for proactive relationship support for people with SCI. To gain a broad insight into these factors, a scoping review was undertaken. Databases were searched for English language studies published between 2000 and 2015 that informed the review question. Sixty-two (62 studies were identified. Thematic analysis was conducted on data extracted from the studies and 51 factors which may facilitate relationships and 38 factors which may impede relationships after SCI were noted. The majority of factors could be categorized as environmental or personal according to the domains of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF. The facilitating factors included partner and social support, reciprocity in relationships, and presenting oneself positively. Impeding factors included physical environmental barriers, real and perceived social biases, and poor self-image. Factors identified may inform the provision of supportive, holistic rehabilitation for people with SCI.

  17. The therapeutic relationship and patients’ experience of interpersonal bonds – research conducted in outpatient mental health care

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sosnowska, Małgorzata

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Aim. To study the therapeutic relationship in community mental health care, in terms of patients’ socioeconomic status and their experience of interpersonal bonds.Method. Research study included patients treated in community mental health care (N=64 who met the criteria for psychosis, and the professionals who managed their treatment. Patients’ psychotic symptoms were measured with the use of the PANSS scale, whereas the STAR scale was used to assess the therapeutic relationship, in separate models for evaluating patients and clinicians. The patients’ socioeconomic data was collected, as was information about the therapists.Results. Patients’ experience of bonds, understood as a current or past marriage or parenthood, correlated positively with their views on the therapeutic relationship. Patients assessed therapeutic relationships more favourably than their therapists. Therapists assessed the therapeutic relationship in the “positive clinicianinput” dimension more favourably than did financially independent patients.Conclusions. Patients’ experience of interpersonal bonds enhances their chances of establishing a successful therapeutic relationship and it also contributes to establishing a good therapeutic relationship in the opinion of therapists.

  18. Factors Which Facilitate or Impede Interpersonal Interactions and Relationships after Spinal Cord Injury: A Scoping Review with Suggestions for Rehabilitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amsters, Delena; Schuurs, Sarita; Pershouse, Kiley; Power, Bettina; Harestad, Yvonne; Kendall, Melissa; Kuipers, Pim

    2016-01-01

    Interpersonal interactions and relationships can influence an individual's perceptions of health and quality of life in the presence of disability. In the case of people with spinal cord injury (SCI), positive interpersonal interactions and relationships have been shown to contribute to resilience and adaptability. Understanding factors which facilitate or impede the development and maintenance of relationships after SCI may form the basis for proactive relationship support for people with SCI. To gain a broad insight into these factors, a scoping review was undertaken. Databases were searched for English language studies published between 2000 and 2015 that informed the review question. Sixty-two (62) studies were identified. Thematic analysis was conducted on data extracted from the studies and 51 factors which may facilitate relationships and 38 factors which may impede relationships after SCI were noted. The majority of factors could be categorized as environmental or personal according to the domains of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF). The facilitating factors included partner and social support, reciprocity in relationships, and presenting oneself positively. Impeding factors included physical environmental barriers, real and perceived social biases, and poor self-image. Factors identified may inform the provision of supportive, holistic rehabilitation for people with SCI.

  19. The Digital Media Consumption, Dependency and its Self-Perceived Effects on Familial and Peer Interpersonal Relationships of the Filipino Youth

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Nichole M. Bristol; Joyce Anne D. Caro; Camille C. Mangaliman; Racidon P. Bernarte

    2016-01-01

    .... Thus, this quantitative study sought to find out the digital media consumption and dependency of the Filipino youth and know its self-perceived effects on their interpersonal relationship among family and friends...

  20. 大学生宿舍人际关系的心理研究%Psychological Research on Interpersonal Relationship in University Students' Dormitories

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许争昱

    2016-01-01

    The dormitory is an important position for university students' learning and living, so dormitory interpersonal relation-ship influences the overall development of university students' interpersonal relationship. University students' dormitory inter-personal relationship is generally favorable, but due to the exis-tence of some uncertain factors from individuals, the university and the society, dormitory interpersonal relationship is frequently inharmonious. Therefore, we must comprehensively analyze the current situation of university students' dormitory interpersonal relationship, the manifestations and causes of inharmonious in-terpersonal relationship, and propose corresponding countermea-sures from both the university and students, so as to promote the healthy psychological development of university students.%宿舍是大学生学习生活的重要场所,宿舍人际关系影响着大学生人际关系的整体发展.大学生的宿舍人际关系总体状况良好,但由于个人、学校、社会等多方面不确定因素的存在,宿舍人际关系不和谐现象时有发生.必须全面分析大学生宿舍人际关系现状、人际关系不和谐的表现及原因,从学校和学生两个方面着手提出相应对策,促进大学生心理健康发展.

  1. 从“乡土社会”到“商土社会”——试论农村人际关系转型%From the"Rural Society"to"Business Soil Society"——The Discussion on Rural Transformation of Interpersonal Relationship

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙玉雄

    2012-01-01

      Mentioned in the Communist Manifesto, "achieving free and full development of human beings", is a state of ultimate harmony of interpersonal relationship. How during the transition period of China's rural is the state of interpersonal relationship? In current, the countryside in China is in the“business soil”period, interpersonal relationship will definitely change, shifting from traditional folk-interpersonal relationship to legal relationship. Facing challenges of legal interpersonal relationship, we try to construct harmonious interpersonal relationship on both subjective and objective aspects, and achieve harmonious development in rural areas consequently.%  《共产党宣言》中提到“实现人的全面自由发展”,这是一种人际关系的最终和谐状态。在转型时期,我国农村人际关系的状态究竟如何?当前中国农村处于商土社会时期,人际关系必将发生嬗变,农村人际关系由传统民俗型人际关系向法理型人际关系转变。面对法理型人际关系带来的挑战,尝试从主观与客观两层面出发构建和谐人际关系,实现农村和谐发展。

  2. 大学生的人际关系与自我和谐的关系%Relationship between Interpersonal Relationship and Self Harmony in College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨颖; 鲁小周

    2015-01-01

    目的:了解大学生的人际关系困扰与自我和谐的关系,为大学生人际关系的改善及自我和谐水平的提高提供参考。方法:选取贵州省大学生554名,用人际关系综合诊断量表和自我和谐量表( SCCS)进行测查。结果:按SCCS得分将大学生分为3组,即低分组、中间组和高分组,3组大学生在人际关系各因子及总量表上的得分差异均具有统计学意义(F=39.73,29.48,24.09,18.15,55.67;P<0.001)。人际关系及其4个因子得分与SCCS的3个因子得分的相关均具有统计学意义(r=-0.09~0.54,P<0.05)。回归分析显示,自我与经验不和谐得分对人际关系总分具有正向预测作用(β=0.59,P<0.001),自我灵活性得分对人际关系总分具有负向预测作用(β=-0.16, P<0.01)。路径分析显示,自我与经验不和谐和自我灵活性到人际关系各因子的路径系数均有统计学意义( P<0.05)。结论:自我与经验不和谐和自我的灵活性可能是影响大学生人际关系的重要因素。%Objective:To explore the relation between interpersonal relationship and self harmony in college students,in order to provide reference for improving their interpersonal relationship and self har-mony.Methods:A total of 554 college students were selected in Guizhou Province.They were assessed with the Interpersonal Relationships Assessment Scale and the Self Consistency and Congruence Scale ( SCCS) .Results:All subjects were divided into three groups according to the score of SCCS,including low group, an intermediate group and the high group.There were significant differences among three groups at the scores of interpersonal relationship and its four factor(F=39.73,29.48,24.09,18.15, 55.67;P<0.001).There were significant correlations between interpersonal relationships(and its four factors) and three factors of SCCS(r=-0.09~0.54,P<0

  3. The relationship between facial skeletal class and expert-rated interpersonal skill: an epidemiological survey on young Italian adults

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tremolizzo Lucio

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The facial region plays a major role in determining physical attractiveness, so we assessed the hypothesis that the capability of successfully managing interpersonal relationships in young adults might be related to the facial skeletal class. Methods 1,014 young subjects applying to the Military Academy of Pozzuoli, Italy, were enrolled and the cephalometric evaluation was performed by calculating the angular relationships between skeletal points localized by the lateral cephalogram of the face, sorting the subjects in three groups corresponding to each major facial skeletal class. Concurrently, the subjects were evaluated by a team of psychiatrists administering the MMPI-2 test followed by a brief colloquium with each candidate, in order to identify those subjects characterized by low skills for managing interpersonal relationships. Results According to the psychiatric evaluation about 20% of the subjects were considered potentially unable to manage successfully interpersonal relationships (NS. Males displayed an about two-fold increased risk of being NS. No differences were shown in the distribution of the NS male subjects among the three different facial skeletal classes. On the other hand, NS females displayed a different distribution among the three facial skeletal classes, with a trend of about two-fold and four-fold, respectively, for those subjects belonging to classes II and III, respect to those belonging to class I. Conclusion Females may be more sensitive to physical factors determining beauty, such as the facial morphology certainly is. This finding appears to be interesting especially when thinking about possible orthodontic interventions, although further study is certainly needed to confirm these results.

  4. The relationship between facial skeletal class and expert-rated interpersonal skill: an epidemiological survey on young Italian adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    Senna, Andrea; Abbenante, Domenico; Tremolizzo, Lucio; Campus, Guglielmo; Strohmenger, Laura

    2006-01-01

    Background The facial region plays a major role in determining physical attractiveness, so we assessed the hypothesis that the capability of successfully managing interpersonal relationships in young adults might be related to the facial skeletal class. Methods 1,014 young subjects applying to the Military Academy of Pozzuoli, Italy, were enrolled and the cephalometric evaluation was performed by calculating the angular relationships between skeletal points localized by the lateral cephalogram of the face, sorting the subjects in three groups corresponding to each major facial skeletal class. Concurrently, the subjects were evaluated by a team of psychiatrists administering the MMPI-2 test followed by a brief colloquium with each candidate, in order to identify those subjects characterized by low skills for managing interpersonal relationships. Results According to the psychiatric evaluation about 20% of the subjects were considered potentially unable to manage successfully interpersonal relationships (NS). Males displayed an about two-fold increased risk of being NS. No differences were shown in the distribution of the NS male subjects among the three different facial skeletal classes. On the other hand, NS females displayed a different distribution among the three facial skeletal classes, with a trend of about two-fold and four-fold, respectively, for those subjects belonging to classes II and III, respect to those belonging to class I. Conclusion Females may be more sensitive to physical factors determining beauty, such as the facial morphology certainly is. This finding appears to be interesting especially when thinking about possible orthodontic interventions, although further study is certainly needed to confirm these results. PMID:17032444

  5. Interpersonal Compatability: A Test of the FIRO Theory in the Counseling Relationship.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arndt, Gerald M.

    This study measured the interpersonal needs of the counselor and counselee using the FIRO-B Scale to determine their effect on the subject's reaction to a counseling interview. Each counselor and counselee met with a compatible and an incompatible subject within the counterbalanced research designed. The general hypothesis for the study was that…

  6. The Effect of Learning Organization Culture on the Relationship between Interpersonal Trust and Organizational Commitment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Ji Hoon; Kim, Hong Min; Kolb, Judith A.

    2009-01-01

    The primary purpose of this research was to assess the effect of learning organization culture on the linkage between interpersonal trust and organizational commitment. The study sample was obtained from employees of two major Korean conglomerates. Online questionnaires were completed by 321 respondents. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used…

  7. Teacher-Student Interpersonal Relationships in Indonesian Lower Secondary Education: Teacher and Student Perceptions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maulana, R.; Opdenakker, M. C. J. L.; den Brok, P.; Bosker, R. J.

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated firstly the reliability and validity of an Indonesian version of the "Questionnaire on Teacher Interaction" (QTI). Second, perceptions of Indonesian secondary school teachers' interpersonal behaviour as perceived by students and teachers were studied with the QTI. Third, differences between students' and teachers'…

  8. On the Ephemeral Nature of the Relationship between Attitude Similarity and Interpersonal Attraction during Initial Encounters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sunnafrank, Michael J.; Miller, Gerald R.

    A study was conducted to identify the independent and conjoint influence of attitude similarity and initial interactions on interpersonal attraction to relative strangers. The 124 college students who were participants in the study were informed that they would be working on a project with either an attitudinally similar or dissimilar stranger…

  9. An Examination of Mature Interpersonal Relationships among International and American College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aidoo, Bona

    2012-01-01

    Educating students to relate harmoniously with people from different backgrounds has become an important agenda for student affairs professional because of the increasingly diverse nature of the American society. The purpose of this study was to assess how American and international college students develop mature interpersonal relationship…

  10. Self-defeating behaviors in organizations : The relationship between thwarted belonging and interpersonal work behaviors

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Thau, Stefan; Aquino, Karl; Poortvliet, P. Marijn

    2007-01-01

    This multisource field study applied belongingness theory to examine whether thwarted belonging, defined as the perceived discrepancy between one's desired and actual levels of belonging with respect to one's coworkers, predicts interpersonal work behaviors that are self-defeating. Controlling for d

  11. Childhood Trauma and Adult Interpersonal Functioning: A Study Using the Core Conflictual Relationship Theme Method (CCRT)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drapeau, M.; Perry, J.C.

    2004-01-01

    Objective: This study aimed to examine the long-term correlates of childhood trauma in regard to interpersonal functioning in adulthood. Method: One hundred and nineteen (N=119) subjects from the Austen Riggs Follow-along Study were included in the study. The Traumatic Antecedent Interview scoring method was used to assess 10 types of childhood…

  12. The Negative Effects of Prejudice on Interpersonal Relationships within Adolescent Peer Groups

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poteat, V. Paul; Mereish, Ethan H.; Birkett, Michelle

    2015-01-01

    Social development theories highlight the centrality of peer groups during adolescence and their role in socializing attitudes and behaviors. In this longitudinal study, we tested the effects of group-level prejudice on ensuing positive and negative interpersonal interactions among peers over a 7-month period. We used social network analysis to…

  13. A Study of Perceptions of Rights and Needs in Interpersonal Conflicts in Homosexual Relationships

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Cecco, John P.; Shively, Michael G.

    1978-01-01

    Examines issues of rights and needs in interpersonal conflicts of couples of the same biological sex and sexual orientation. The right most frequently perceived as an issue was participation in decision making. The need most frequently perceived as an issue was power. Almost no conflicts were resolved through negotiation. (Author)

  14. Relationship between learning styles and interpersonal communication skills of nursing student in Medical Sciences Tehran University in 2012.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azari, S; Mokhtari, S; Mousavi, H; Mohammadi, M; Aliyari, A; Salimi, M; Azari, G H

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: interpersonal communication skills are required for training and represent one of the most significant parts concerning the character of student learning. In another idea, learning is a constant method and learners favor a position of knowledge forms according to their character and individual practices. Evaluate the correlation between the learning methods and interpersonal conversation abilities of the nursing undergraduate in Medical Sciences Tehran University in 2012 was the purpose of this research. Methods: In this regular detailed cross-sectional analysis, 361 students from the School of Nursing and Midwifery were chosen during a census method. The information collection instruments were regulated, giving a questionnaire called Interpersonal Communication Skills Standards exam and VARK Learning Styles questionnaire. Data was examined by SPSS application (18th edition) by using Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis test. Results: 320 questionnaires were finished. 60.6% of the members were females. The average number of the students' conversation abilities level was 101.91 ± 10.35. More than half of the samples (58.8%) preferred multi-modal learning styles (Bi-Tri and Quad Modals) and 41.2% of the students preferred single modal learning styles. There were no significant differences between the Interpersonal Communication Skills and the learning styles (P= 0.46). Conclusion: According to no significant relationship between the communication skills of students with learning style and Demographic changeable and Lack of proper form of communication skills, we were ready to build different systems and courses related to improving the skills' level.

  15. Interpersonal relationship modulates brain responses to outcome evaluation when gambling for/against others: an electrophysiological analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leng, Yue; Zhou, Xiaolin

    2014-10-01

    When individuals play a gambling task and their actions have consequences for observers, how are the brain responses of the performers modulated by their interpersonal relationship with the observers? To address this issue, we examined the event-related potentials responses in performers while they played two gambling games: one during which they tried to earn money for the observers instead of themselves (i.e., Experiment 1) and another gambling game during which they attempted to earn money from the observers (i.e., Experiment 2). In Experiment 1, ERP results showed that when gambling for either the friends or the strangers, the feedback-related negativity (FRN) responses were more negative-going to the losses than to the gains. The FRN effect (loss minus gain) was significantly larger when gambling for the friends than for the strangers. The general P300 response was more positive-going when gambling for the friends than for the strangers. These results suggested that gambling for others enables individuals to assess the outcome from the interests of the other people, consequently, the FRN response may be driven by the evaluative process related to interests of the others. Because one׳s own economic interests were not involved, the performers׳ brain responses during both the early, semi-automatic stage (i.e., the FRN) and the later, controlled stage (i.e., the P300) of outcome evaluation were modulated by the interpersonal relationship between the performers and the observers. In Experiment 2, ERP results revealed that when gambling against others, the FRN response was more negative-going to the losses than to the gains, as well. However, neither the FRN effect nor the general FRN response was modulated by interpersonal relationship. The general P300 response was more positive-going when gambling against the stranger than against the friend. These results suggested that when gambling against others, the performers׳ FRN response may be driven by two evaluative

  16. Human-Forest Relationships

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ritter, Eva; Dauksta, Dainis

    2012-01-01

    The relationship between forests and people goes back to the early development of civilisation. However, parallel with technical innovations and an increasing urbanisation of the society, an alienation from nature has taken place......The relationship between forests and people goes back to the early development of civilisation. However, parallel with technical innovations and an increasing urbanisation of the society, an alienation from nature has taken place...

  17. Love as a subjective corrlate of interpersonal relationships: attempts of defining of the concepts and methods of measurment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. P. Zolotnyik

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This article is devoted to overview the scientific study of the phenomenon of love. Attempts of scientific knowledge presented by developed by sociologists and psychologists love theories, which defined, classified and measure this phenomenon. The paper proposed to review the most popular theory of love studying: the triangular theory of love for Robert J. Sternberg, classification styles love for John Alan Lee and transformational concept of A.Giddens. The importance of studying this subject is explained by the subjective definition by respondents of the role of love as correlates of interpersonal relationships. Love is considered as a factor that acts as a marriage motive and components, which ensures its durability. The complexity of the scientific understanding of love is the absence of clear empirical referents for fixation. The examined theory reaffirms their scientific hypotheses through the use of specific methods of measurement. It is offered for review: Scale of love and sympathy by Z.Rubin, Love Attitude Scale by Hendrick C. and Hendrick S. and scale of romantic relationships by Munro­Adams. These methodologies are widely used in modern scientific research, been undergo with modifications and adaptation depending on the cultural characteristics of the respondents. The phenomenon of love needs more scientific study with the aim of further categorization, require range of techniques selection and should be included  as a component in the sociological survey of interpersonal relationships.

  18. The relationships between Japanese interpersonal conflict styles and their language expressions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moriizumi, Satoshi; Takai, Jiro

    2010-01-01

    The present study investigated the influence of interpersonal conflict management styles on language expressions and the differences in expressions in same-sex relational categories based on specific in-group-out-group classifications. Questionnaires were administered to 367 university students in Japan. After reading a scenario, participants reported on actual language use and gave ratings on an interpersonal conflict management scale. The results revealed that Japanese change their expressions, along with psychological styles, depending on the relational target. They also indicated psychological constructs were related to their equivalent expressions. The results suggested that future research should take into consideration the potential differences in behavior and interaction posture inherent in various relational and situational categories.

  19. Affiliation and control in marital interaction: interpersonal complementarity is present but is not associated with affect or relationship quality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cundiff, Jenny M; Smith, Timothy W; Butner, Jonathan; Critchfield, Kenneth L; Nealey-Moore, Jill

    2015-01-01

    The principle of complementarity in interpersonal theory states that an actor's behavior tends to "pull, elicit, invite, or evoke" responses from interaction partners who are similar in affiliation (i.e., warmth vs. hostility) and opposite in control (i.e., dominance vs. submissiveness). Furthermore, complementary interactions are proposed to evoke less negative affect and promote greater relationship satisfaction. These predictions were examined in two studies of married couples. Results suggest that complementarity in affiliation describes a robust general pattern of marital interaction, but complementarity in control varies across contexts. Consistent with behavioral models of marital interaction, greater levels of affiliation and lower control by partners-not complementarity in affiliation or control-were associated with less anger and anxiety and greater relationship quality. Partners' levels of affiliation and control combined in ways other than complementarity-mostly additively, but sometimes synergistically-to predict negative affect and relationship satisfaction.

  20. Regional Identity and Students Interpersonal Relationship%地域认同度与大学生人际交往的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨静; 王俊拴; 王丽君; 王晓宇; 刘茜奇; 李鑫

    2014-01-01

    An important condition for the existence and development of college students is good interpersonal skills and interpersonal relationship; according to the current situation of College Students' interpersonal communication, the implementation of the"regional identity relationship and the interpersonal relation research--Taking Shaanxi Normal University as an example". Through scientific analysis of the survey show that: on the one hand, the regional identity of college students has an important influence of interpersonal communication; on the other hand, in the interpersonal relationship of college students are different in different Zareas.%大学生存在与发展的重要条件在于良好的人际交往能力和人际交往关系;针对大学生当前人际交往的现状,实施了有关“地域认同度与大学生人际交往的关系的调查研究---以陕西师范大学为例”。通过科学的调查分析表明:一方面,地域认同度对大学生人际交往有重要的影响;另一方面,不同地域的大学生在人际交往上的表现也有所差异。

  1. Interpersonal synergies

    OpenAIRE

    Riley, Michael A.; Michael eRichardson; Kevin eShockley; Ramenzoni, Verónica C.

    2011-01-01

    We present the perspective that interpersonal movement coordination results from establishing interpersonal synergies. Interpersonal synergies are higher-order control systems formed by coupling movement system degrees of freedom of two (or more) actors. Characteristic features of synergies identified in studies of intrapersonal coordination – dimensional compression and reciprocal compensation – are revealed in studies of interpersonal coordination that applied the uncontrolled manifold appr...

  2. The Present Situation and Countermeasure Analysis of College Teachers Interpersonal Relationship%高校教师人际关系现状及对策分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    路明兰

    2012-01-01

    和谐人际关系是每个人生活的需求.高校教师的人际关系尤其不可忽视,由于高校教师自身自我意识强、典型的“独角智力活动”等特点,增加了高校教师人际关系的难度,为改善高校教师人际关系,高校、教师自身以及社区应共同努力.为高校教师创造一个和谐的环境,进一步促进高等教育事业健康发展。%Harmonious interpersonal relationship is needed by everyone in daily life, and college teachers' interpersonal relationship can't be ignored in particular. The characteristics such as college teachers' strong self-consciousness and typical single horn intellectual activity and so on increase the difficulty of college teachers' interpersonal relationship the difficulty of college teachers' interpersonal relationship. Colleges, teachers and communities should work hard to create a harmonious interpersonal relationship for college teachers and further promote the healthy development of higher education.

  3. The Effect of Physical Activity on the Stress Management, Interpersonal Relationships, and Alcohol Consumption of College Freshmen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simone Wilson-Salandy

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to assess the changes of health behaviors in college students as they transition through their freshman year. The author surveyed 167 freshmen, ages 18 to 25, to examine the effects of physical activity on the stress management, interpersonal relationships, and alcohol consumption in college freshmen. The participant’s responses were at baseline to 3-month outcome and 3-month to 6-month outcome. The Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile-II questionnaire and the Daily Drinking Questionnaire examined the health behaviors and drinking consumption. Students with moderate physical activity had nearly half the odds of better stress management as compared with students with higher physical activity. However, this result was not statistically significant, OR = 0.49, 95% CI = [0.24, 1.01], and OR = 0.52, 95% CI = [0.25, 1.29]. Few studies have evaluated physical activity and the health behaviors of stress management, interpersonal relationships, and alcohol consumption in college students. This study can provide further understanding of health promotion behaviors in college students.

  4. Interpersonal relationships in isolation and confinement: Long-term bed rest in head-down tilt position

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karine, Weiss; Gabriel, Moser

    The long-term bed-rest was organized by ESA and CNES, in order to simulate the physiological effects of weightlessness: eight volunteers had to stay 42 days in bed, in a head down tilt position (-6 °). There were two subjects in a room, they could not be alone and it was difficult for them to have their own personal space and intimacy. In these circumstances, as in outer space, interpersonal relationships were of prime importance. This situation enabled us, through systematic observation, to analyze the evolution of the relational behavior in dyads, and to quote some social indicators of adaptation. Results show significant withdrawal, and the time spent alone was marked by the emergence, during the experiment, of specific preferential activities. Behavioral contagion was observed in each dyad (people engaged in the same activities at the same time), except in the one case of abandon. Moreover, the highest rates of inactivity and withdrawal were noted in this case. Verbal indicators were useful to comment these results and showed that, for all the dyads, one of the two subjects always played a regulating role by expressing a very positive perception of the situation. These results emphasize the importance of psycho-sociological factors in isolation and confinement. Thus, it appears that different modalities of interpersonal relationships, and not only verbal interactions, play a significant role in adaptation to stress situations.

  5. Teachers' interpersonal style and its relationship to emotions, causal attributions, and type of challenging behaviors displayed by students with intellectual disabilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alevriadou, Anastasia; Pavlidou, Kyriaki

    2016-09-01

    Teachers' interpersonal style is a new field of research in the study of students with intellectual disabilities and challenging behaviors in school context. In the present study, we investigate emotions and causal attributions of three basic types of challenging behaviors: aggression, stereotypy, and self-injury, in relation to teachers' interpersonal style. One hundred and seventy seven Greek general and special educator teachers participated in the study by completing a three-scaled questionnaire. Statistical analysis revealed that the type of challenging behaviors affected causal attributions. According to regression analysis, emotions, teaching experience, expertise in special education, and gender explained a significant amount of variance in interpersonal style. Emotions were found to have a mediating role in the relationship between causal attributions and interpersonal style of "willingness to support," when challenging behaviors were attributed to stable causes or causes under the control of the individual with intellectual disabilities.

  6. Effects of virtual human animation on emotion contagion in simulated inter-personal experiences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Yanxiang; Babu, Sabarish V; Armstrong, Rowan; Bertrand, Jeffrey W; Luo, Jun; Roy, Tania; Daily, Shaundra B; Dukes, Lauren Cairco; Hodges, Larry F; Fasolino, Tracy

    2014-04-01

    We empirically examined the impact of virtual human animation on the emotional responses of participants in a medical virtual reality system for education in the signs and symptoms of patient deterioration. Participants were presented with one of two virtual human conditions in a between-subjects experiment, static (non-animated) and dynamic (animated). Our objective measures included the use of psycho-physical Electro Dermal Activity (EDA) sensors, and subjective measures inspired by social psychology research included the Differential Emotions Survey (DES IV) and Positive and Negative Affect Survey (PANAS). We analyzed the quantitative and qualitative measures associated with participants’ emotional state at four distinct time-steps in the simulated interpersonal experience as the virtual patient’s medical condition deteriorated. Results suggest that participants in the dynamic condition with animations exhibited a higher sense of co-presence and greater emotional response as compared to participants in the static condition, corresponding to the deterioration in the medical condition of the virtual patient. Negative affect of participants in the dynamic condition increased at a higher rate than for participants in the static condition. The virtual human animations elicited a stronger response in negative emotions such as anguish, fear, and anger as the virtual patient’s medical condition worsened.

  7. An Analysis on the Harassing Phenomenon of Interpersonal Relationship Problem of College Students%浅谈大学生人际关系困扰现象

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭楠

    2015-01-01

    A good interpersonal relationship has important effects on college students'life and study.The author made a brief discussion on the types and characteristics of college students'interpersonal relationship problems and analyzes the reasons of this phenomenon.It also puts forward the countermeasures to overcome the interpersonal relationship problems.%良好的人际关系对大学生的生活和学习具有重要的影响。本文就大学生人际关系的困扰类型和特点做了简要的探讨,对造成这一现象的原因进行了分析,并提出了克服人际关系困扰的对策。

  8. Thinking on the Countermeasures about the Interpersonal Ecology on Adult Learning in the View of the Ecology of Human Development%人类发展生态学视野下成人学习人际生态对策思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白昊

    2012-01-01

    The individual is developing in a complex relationship system from the perspective of the Ecology of Human Development.The interpersonal relationship is the main elements of the microsystem.The interpersonal ecological performance among the adult learning activities have been reviewed from the perspective of the interpersonal relationship in the Ecology of Human Development,and then to probe into the interpersonal ecological countermeasures.It is conducive to promoting the motivation in adult learning.%人类发展生态学认为,个体是在一个复杂的关系系统中发展着的,其中人际关系是构成小系统的主要元素。从人类发展生态学人际关系视角审视成人学习活动中的人际关系生态表现,探讨改善成人学习人际生态对策,有利于增强成人学习动力。

  9. The Correlation between Gender Role and Interpersonal Relationship of College Students%大学生性别角色与人际关系的相关性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李雪平; 刘月

    2016-01-01

    目的:了解大学生性别角色分布状况和人际关系发展状况并探讨两者的关系,为大学生更好的成长提供支持。方法:采用人际关系量表和大学生性别角色量表,对191名大学生进行测试。结果:在人际关系总体及4个因子中,仅异性交往(t =5.97,P <0.05)在性别差异显著;4种性别角色类型的分布在总体被试中差异显著(χ2=8.14,P <0.05);不同性别角色类型的大学生在人际关系总量表(F =5.00,P <0.01)及交际交往(F =6.80,P <0.01)、交谈行为(F =2.65,P <0.05)、异性困扰(F =3.35,P <0.05)3个分量表上有显著差异;男性正性量表与人际关系总量表存在显著负相关(r =‐0.301),女性正性量表与人际关系总量表负相关,但不显著。结论:双性化和男性化类型的大学生人际关系较好,男性正性特质能促进大学生的人际交往。%Objective :To understand the distribution of gender roles and interpersonal relationship development of college students ,to explore the connection between them ,and to provide support for theirs'better growth .Methods :A total of 191 college students in China West Normal University were investigated by using Gender Role Questionnaire and Personal Relationship Synthetic Diagnostic Scale .Results :In the overall and four factors of human relationship scale ,only the opposite sex factor(t = 5 .97 ,P < 0 .05)was significantly different in sex .Notable differences were found in four types of gender role(χ2 = 8 .14 ,P < 0 .05) .There were significant differences among gender role of students in interpersonal relationship score(F = 5 .00 ,P < 0 .01) ,making friends(F = 6 .80 ,P < 0 .01) ,chat behavior(F = 2 .65 ,P< 0 .05)and treating people(F = 3 .35 ,P < 0 .05) .Masculine positive inventory score was negatively correlated with in‐terpersonal relationship score(r = ‐0 .301) ,but

  10. Relationships between workplace incivility, interpersonal and organizational deviances, and employee emotional wellbeing: The moderating role of humor styles

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    櫻井, 研司

    2014-01-01

    ...) organizational deviance, 2) interpersonal deviance, and 3) negative emotions. This study also examined interpersonal humor styles as potential moderators that explain individual differences in the strain outcomes to workplace incivility...

  11. 如何运用符号系统建立良好的人际关系%On How to Use the Symbol System to Establish a Good Interpersonal Relationship

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈利

    2014-01-01

    The symbol system is a tool for human communication, while the process of interpersonal communication is in effect the process of information transfer and effective communication by means of language and non-language symbols as the carrier. Us-ing theories of psychology and linguistics, this paper mainly ex-pounds how, in interpersonal communication, to correctly use symbols as carriers, namely paying attention to skills and tech-niques of communication, thus accurately expressing emotions. It hopes to provide a reference for people to establish a good inter-personal relationship through the flexible use of the symbol sys-tem for interpersonal communication.%符号系统是人类交往的工具,人际交往过程实际上是借助言语符号和非言语符号载体,进行传递信息和有效沟通的过程,本文运用心理学和语言学理论,主要阐述人际交往过程中,如何正确地使用符号载体,讲究交往的技能和技巧,准确地传情达意,希望能为人们灵活运用人际交往的符号系统,建立良好的人际关系,提供参考依据。

  12. Parents and friendships: a longitudinal examination of interpersonal mediators of the relationship between child maltreatment and suicidal ideation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Adam B; Adams, Leah M; Esposito-Smythers, Christianne; Thompson, Richard; Proctor, Laura J

    2014-12-30

    This study examined parental relationship quality, friendship quality, and depression as mediators of the association between child maltreatment (CM) and adolescent suicidal ideation (SI). Participants were 674 adolescents (46% female; 55% African American) involved in the Longitudinal Studies of Child Abuse and Neglect (LONGSCAN). Data were collected via youth self-report at ages 12, 16, and 18. CM before age 12 predicted poor parental relationships and depression, but not poor friendships, at age 16. Age 16 depression was negatively associated with parental relationship quality and positively associated with SI at age 18. An indirect path from CM to SI via depression was significant, suggesting that the early CM affects depression severity, which in turn is associated with SI. Strong friendship quality (age 16) was associated with SI at age 18; however, there was no significant indirect path from CM to SI via friendships. Results suggest that: 1) CM before age 12 affects parental relationships in adolescence; 2) depression and friendships are related to suicide ideation in later adolescence; and 3) depression partially mediates the association between CM and SI. Results highlight the importance of assessing for a history of CM, quality of interpersonal relationships, and depression severity among youth reporting SI.

  13. The Effects of Child-Teacher Relationships on Interpersonal Problem-Solving Skills of Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ocak, Sakire

    2010-01-01

    Early positive relationships between children and adults are critical in the acquisition of children's problem-solving skills. The early teacher-child relationship has an important role in how a child negotiates the conflicts and manages relationships with peers. Our purpose was to evaluate the effect of the teacher-child relationship at…

  14. Increasing wealth inequality may increase interpersonal hostility: The relationship between personal relative deprivation and aggression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greitemeyer, Tobias; Sagioglou, Christina

    2017-01-31

    In most Western societies, wealth inequality is increasing, which in turn could increase people's belief that one's standing is relatively disadvantaged. Based on relative deprivation theory, we argue that such an experience of personal relative deprivation should causally lead to greater interpersonal hostility. Indeed, three experiments show that participants in a personal relative deprivation condition reported higher levels of aggressive affect and behaved more aggressively than participants in a personal relative gratification condition. Compared to a control condition, participants experiencing personal relative deprivation were more aggressive rather than participants experiencing personal relative gratification being less aggressive. However, personal relative deprivation increased aggressive behavior only toward targets that were the source for participants' experience of disadvantage, but it did not increase aggression toward neutral targets.

  15. Inter-personal violence and abuse in adolescent intimate relationships: mental health impact and implications for practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barter, Christine; Stanley, Nicky

    2016-10-01

    This paper provides a narrative review of the knowledge on inter-personal violence and abuse (IPVA) in adolescents' intimate relationships. It draws on the authors' own research, published reviews, and a rapid review on IPVA victimization and mental health outcomes for adolescents. The research reviewed identified associations between adolescent IPVA and substance misuse, depressive symptoms and PTSD, eating disorders and suicidal thinking, and behaviour in young people. Generally, girls appeared more likely to report severe mental health outcomes than boys. Adolescents rarely disclose IPVA to adults and delivering preventative programmes that promote knowledge and help seeking may offer a means of building on young people's tendency to seek help from friends. These preventative interventions, usually delivered in schools, need to be closely linked to support services for adolescents who disclose abuse. While there are some practice examples of emerging interventions for both victims and perpetrators of adolescent IPVA, there is as yet little robust evidence regarding their effectiveness.

  16. Exploring Coworker Relationships: Antecedents and Dimensions of Interpersonal Fit, Coworker Satisfaction, and Relational Models

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    E.K. Byington (Eliza)

    2013-01-01

    textabstractManagement scholarship has revealed the myriad ways in which relationships between coworkers impact individual, team, and organizational phenomena. However, our scientific understanding of coworker relationships and what makes for satisfying connections with colleagues is still in its ea

  17. Pre-Adolescents' Representations of Multiple Attachment Relationships: The Role of Perceived Teacher Interpersonal Behaviour

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charalampous, Kyriakos; Kokkinos, Constantinos M.; Apota, Ekaterini; Iliadou, Anastasia; Iosifidou, Maria; Moysidou, Sofia; Vriza, Ekaterini

    2016-01-01

    Attachment theory proposes that early parent-child relationships provide the basis for all future close relationships of the individual, through childhood and adolescence into later life. The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationship between parental attachment, peer attachment and students' perceptions of their teacher's…

  18. Faculty-Department Chair Relationships: Examining the Nexus of Empowerment and Interpersonal Trust in Community Colleges in the Context of Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moye, Melina J.; Henkin, Alan B.; Floyd, Deborah J.

    2006-01-01

    The concept of interpersonal trust has been linked to empowerment. Managerial-practices literature has asserted that trust strengthens relationships and enables empowerment, which may result in increments in individual performance and organizational productivity. High levels of mutual trust and empowering work environments ostensibly reinforce…

  19. The Impact of Interpersonal Relationships on Postschool Employment Outcomes and Community Satisfaction for Young Women with Learning Disabilities: An Ecological Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harley, Eliza K.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of the present dissertation study was to investigate the impact of interpersonal relationships on postschool employment outcomes and community satisfaction for young women with learning disabilities. Using a longitudinal, in-depth multiple case study design, the author examined a set of influencing factors (i.e., individual…

  20. Analysis of the Interpersonal Relationship among College Students under the Network Circumstance%网络环境下大学生人际关系分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨东华

    2011-01-01

    The rapid development of information technology and popularization of the network leads to changing the social production and the way of life.The interpersonal relationship under the network circumstance has endowed the realistic interpersonal relationship with a new connotation.This paper aims at analyzing the characteristics of interpersonal relationship of college students under network circumstance and its impacts on the realistic interpersonal relationship,and puts forward some measures to the problem.%信息技术的迅猛发展、网络的普及,引起了整个社会生产与生活方式的变化。网络环境下的人际关系将对现实的人际关系赋予新的内涵。本文旨在分析网络环境下大学生人际关系特点以及对现实人际关系产生什么样的影响,并提出一些解决问题的办法。

  1. The Relationship of Interpersonal Conflict Handling Styles and Marital Conflicts Among Iranian Divorcing Couples

    Science.gov (United States)

    Navidian, Ali; Bahari, Farshad; Kermansaravi, Fatihe

    2014-01-01

    Background: Various research studies have suggested that among other variables that couples remain married if they successfully manage their interactions (marital communication based on acceptance of individual differences, problem solving skills, forgiveness, collaborative decision making, empathy and active listening) and constructively manage conflict. Purpose: The study was aimed at examining the relation of conflict handling styles and marital conflicts among divorcing couples. Methods: As a descriptive–comparative study 60 couples out of 440 couples referred to the Crisis Intervention Center of the Isfahan Well-being Organization have selected. The tools implemented were Marital Conflicts (Barati & Sanaei, 1996) and Interpersonal Conflict Handling Styles Questionnaires (Thomas-Kilman, 1975). Their total reliabilities were, respectively, 0.74 and 0.87. Results: Findings showed that there are no significant differences among their conflict handling styles and marital conflicts. Also, there was positive correlation between avoidance and competition styles and negative one between compromise, accommodation, and cooperation styles with marital conflicts. That is, these styles reduced couples’ conflicts. Finally, wives had tendency to apply accommodation style and husbands tended to use accommodation and cooperation styles to handle their conflicts. Conclusions: It is suggested to be studied couples’ views toward their own styles to handle marital conflicts and holding training courses to orient couples with advantages and disadvantages of marital conflict handling styles. PMID:25363128

  2. Interpersonal communication about pictorial health warnings on cigarette packages: Policy-related influences and relationships with smoking cessation attempts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thrasher, James F; Abad-Vivero, Erika N; Huang, Liling; O'Connor, Richard J; Hammond, David; Bansal-Travers, Maansi; Yong, Hua-Hie; Borland, Ron; Markovsky, Barry; Hardin, James

    2016-09-01

    This study evaluated the relationship between interpersonal communication about cigarette health warning labels (HWLs), psychological responses to HWLs, and smoking cessation attempts. Data were analyzed from online consumer panels of adult smokers in Australia, Canada and Mexico, during implementation of new pictorial health warning labels (HWLs) on cigarette packs. Approximately 1000 adult smokers were surveyed in each country every four months (September 2012, January 2013, May 2013, September 2013, January 2014). Only smokers followed for at least two waves were included in the analytic sample. Participants reported the frequency of talking about HWLs in the last month (in general, with family members, and with friends). For each country, poisson generalized estimating equation (GEE) models were estimated to assess the bivariate and adjusted correlates of talking about HWLs. Logistic GEE models regressed having attempted to quit by the subsequent wave on HWL talk, sociodemographics and psychological responses to HWLs. The frequency of HWL talk gradually decreased in Canada (48%-36%) after new HWLs were implemented; an increase (30%-58%) in Australia corresponded with implementation of new HWLs, after which talking stabilized; and the frequency of HWL talk in Mexico was stable over time, where new HWLs are implemented every six months. Talk about HWLs was an independent predictor of subsequent quit attempts in Canada (AOR = 1.50; 95% CI = 1.11-2.02), Australia (AOR = 1.41; 95% CI = 1.05-1.89), and Mexico (AOR = 1.53; 95% CI = 1.11-2.10), as was cognitive responses to HWLs (Australia AOR = 1.66; 95% CI = 1.22-2.24; Canada AOR = 1.56; 95% CI = 1.15-2.11; Mexico AOR = 1.30; 95% CI = 0.91-1.85). No interaction between talk and cognitive reactions to HWLs were found. These results suggest that interpersonal communication about HWLs influences smoking cessation attempts independent of other established predictors of smoking cessation, including

  3. Teachers' Moral Values and Their Interpersonal Relationships with Students and Cultural Competence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pantic, Natasa; Wubbels, Theo

    2012-01-01

    This study explored whether and how teachers' beliefs about moral values are reflected in the student-teacher relationships (i.e. levels of control and affiliation in teachers' and students' perceptions of this relationship), and in teachers' cultural competence. A positive association was found between teachers' paternalist beliefs and their own…

  4. The path to construct the harmonious interpersonal relationship of college students%构建大学生和谐人际关系的途径分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴籽龙

    2012-01-01

      在社会主义现代化社会,和谐大学校园的构建是社会主义的重要组成部分,而大学生和谐人际关系的构建是促进校园和谐的重要基础。和谐的人际关系有利于大学生的身心健康,能够引导大学生树立正确的世界观、人生观和价值观。本文通过对目前大学生人际关系中不和谐现象及其原因的分析,以及大学生人际关系和谐建设的意义,提出大学生和谐人际关系构建的途径分析%  In modern society, the construction of harmonious university campus is the important part of socialism, and the construction of harmonious interpersonal relationship of college students is the important base of harmonious campus. Harmonious interpersonal relationship is beneficial to the physical and psychological health of college students, to guide college students to establish correct world outlook, outlook on life and values. This article through the analysis of disharmonious phenomenon and its causes of interpersonal relationship of college students, and the significance of the harmonious construction of college students' interpersonal relationship, put forward the path to construct the harmonious interpersonal relationship of college students.

  5. Social Hierarchies, Economic Inequalities and Interpersonal Relationships: An Overview from India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sony Pellissery

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Abject mass poverty is of the key feature of Indian subcontinent. The relationship question, in this paper, is viewed through the lenses of poverty. Thus, the spatial, political, societal and economic questions come to picture when relationships are examined through the eyes of the poor people. Face-to-face interaction, primarily, based on strong social group collective identity is the key hallmark of relationships in India. The social group identity brings hierarchy into the interaction patterns. Thus, even market relations are not merely based on the questions of economic incentives. Social identity deeply penetrates to the huge informal economy that permeates in India. Thus, caught in the web of relationships even at market sphere, the poor people come together to fight, protest and to collaborate for their own well-being.

  6. A longitudinal study of interpersonal relationships among lesbian, gay, and bisexual adolescents and young adults: mediational pathways from attachment to romantic relationship quality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Starks, Tyrel J; Newcomb, Michael E; Mustanski, Brian

    2015-10-01

    The current study examined the potential for mental health to mediate associations between earlier attachment to parents and peers and later relationship adjustment during adolescence and young adulthood in a sample of sexual minority youth. Secondarily, the study examined associations between peer and parental attachment and relationship/dating milestones. Participants included 219 lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth who participated in six waves of data collection over 3.5 years. Parental attachment was associated with an older age of dating initiation, while peer attachment was associated with longer relationship length. Both peer and parental attachment were significantly associated with mental health in later adolescence and young adulthood. Mental health mediated the association between peer attachment and main partner relationship quality. While the total indirect effect of parental attachment on main partner relationship quality was statistically significant, specific indirect effects were not. Implications for the application of attachment theory and integration of interpersonal factors into mental health intervention with sexual minority youth are discussed.

  7. The mediating role of interpersonal conflict at work in the relationship between negative affectivity and biomarkers of stress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Girardi, Damiano; Falco, Alessandra; De Carlo, Alessandro; Benevene, Paula; Comar, Manola; Tongiorgi, Enrico; Bartolucci, Giovanni Battista

    2015-12-01

    This study examined the association between interpersonal conflict at work (ICW) and serum levels of three possible biomarkers of stress, namely the pro-inflammatory cytokines Interleukin 1 beta (IL-1β), Interleukin 12 (IL-12), and Interleukin 17 (IL-17). Additionally, this study investigated the role of negative affectivity (NA) in the relationship between ICW and the pro-inflammatory cytokines. Data from 121 employees in an Italian healthcare organization were analyzed using structural equation modeling. Results showed that ICW was positively associated with IL-1β, IL-12, and IL-17, after controlling for the effect of gender. Moreover, ICW completely mediated the relationship between NA and the pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1β, IL-12, and IL-17. This mediating effect was significant after controlling for the effect of gender. Overall, this study suggests that work-related stress may be associated with biomarkers of inflammation, and that negative affectivity may influence the stress process affecting the exposure to psychosocial stressors.

  8. The Sense of School Belonging and Implementation of a Prevention Program: Toward Healthier Interpersonal Relationships Among Early Adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drolet, Marie; Arcand, Isabelle; Ducharme, Daphne; Leblanc, Raymond

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this qualitative study is to pave the way for the establishment of healthy interpersonal relations by facilitating an understanding of the impacts of Lions Quest Skills for Adolescence as perceived by adolescents and teachers who took part in it. Lions Quest has become recognized as an evidence-based program for preventing alcohol and drug use through the development of social skills and the promotion of meaningful engagement in the school community (Lions Clubs International, Overview of Skills for Adolescence 2013). Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 7th and 8th grade Francophone and Anglophone adolescents from three schools in Eastern Ontario who had participated in Lions Quest. Deductive and inductive analysis of interview transcripts clearly underscored that the positive perceptions of those early adolescents on the quality of their relationships with friends outweigh the negative impression that can be created by peer pressures at this age. It is through such a filter that these adolescents came to appreciate the impact of Lions Quest. Their need to be part of a circle of friends also comes to the fore as a crucial component of a sense of school belonging (Faircloth and Hamm (2005) J Youth Adolesc 34:293-309), highlighting the need to incorporate more of this form of positive social norm into interventions and prevention geared toward early adolescents. The data also underline the complementary importance attributed to having positive relationships with supportive adults.

  9. Evocative gene–environment correlation in the mother–child relationship: A twin study of interpersonal processes

    OpenAIRE

    Klahr, Ashlea M.; Thomas, Katherine M.; Hopwood, Christopher J.; Kelly L. Klump; Burt, S. Alexandra

    2013-01-01

    The behavior genetic literature suggests that genetically influenced characteristics of the child elicit specific behaviors from the parent. However, little is known about the processes by which genetically influenced child characteristics evoke parental responses. Interpersonal theory provides a useful framework for identifying reciprocal behavioral processes between children and mothers. The theory posits that, at any given moment, interpersonal behavior varies along the orthogonal dimensio...

  10. The relationship between adolescents' news media use and civic engagement: the indirect effect of interpersonal communication with parents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyd, Michelle J; Zaff, Jonathan F; Phelps, Erin; Weiner, Michelle B; Lerner, Richard M

    2011-12-01

    Using data from the 4-H Study of Positive Youth Development, a longitudinal study involving U.S. adolescents, multi-group structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to evaluate whether news media use is predictive of a set of civic indicators (civic duty, civic efficacy, neighborhood social connection, and civic participation) for youth in Grades 8, 9, and 10, via an indirect effect of interpersonal communication about politics with parents. The proposed model had a good fit within each grade. News media use was predictive of interpersonal communication with parents and in turn, interpersonal communication was predictive of civic duty, civic efficacy, neighborhood social connection, and civic participation. The cross-group comparison of the structural model suggests that the predictive qualities of news media use and interpersonal communication are comparable across grades. The role of media use and interpersonal communication in fostering civic development and socialization as well as implications for future research are discussed.

  11. Forum: Interpersonal Communication in Instructional Settings. The Instructor-Student Relationship as an Alternative Form of Superior-Subordinate Relationship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Myers, Scott A.

    2017-01-01

    In this brief forum article, the author suggests studying the instructor-student relationship as a superior-subordinate relationship offers an alternative way to view how student learning occurs in the college classroom, and can provide instructional communication researchers with the opportunity to explore how structural and institutional…

  12. Forum: Interpersonal Communication in Instructional Settings. The Instructor-Student Relationship as an Alternative Form of Superior-Subordinate Relationship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Myers, Scott A.

    2017-01-01

    In this brief forum article, the author suggests studying the instructor-student relationship as a superior-subordinate relationship offers an alternative way to view how student learning occurs in the college classroom, and can provide instructional communication researchers with the opportunity to explore how structural and institutional…

  13. Self-Presentation, Interpersonal Perception, and Partner Selection in Computer-Mediated Relationship Formation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fiore, Andrew Rocco Tresolini

    2010-01-01

    The use of social and technological intermediaries to seek intimate partners has a long history. Yet the affordances and limitations of modern computer-mediated communication (CMC) systems built for this purpose--specifically, online dating sites--present new challenges and opportunities for those who use them to initiate intimate relationships.…

  14. Interpersonal Relationships and the Development of Behavior Problems in Adolescents in Urban Schools: A Longitudinal Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montague, Marjorie; Cavendish, Wendy; Enders, Craig; Dietz, Samantha

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the trajectories of behavioral problems for a sample of predominately minority adolescents (n = 212, 91% African-American and/or Hispanic, 45% boys, 55% girls) in a large, urban school district and to determine the impact of parental and peer relationships, gender, and risk status on their development…

  15. The Impact of Consultation Models on Interpersonal Relationships during Problem Solving

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neall, Michael Timothy

    2012-01-01

    Client-centered and consultee-centered consultation models are predominately used in K-12 schools to meet the needs of at-risk learners and ensure equitable access to educational services. Although the efficacy of both models has significant support in the literature, studies regarding relationships formed during problem solving in consultation…

  16. The Role of Interpersonal Comfort, Attributional Confidence, and Communication Quality in Academic Mentoring Relationships

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yim, Laetitia; Waters, Lea

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study was to explore mentoring between supervisors and their postgraduate students by (a) investigating types of mentoring functions offered in academic mentoring relationships, (b) exploring perceptions of supervisors and their postgraduate students about provisions for mentoring support, and (c) examining how interpersonal…

  17. Self-Presentation, Interpersonal Perception, and Partner Selection in Computer-Mediated Relationship Formation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fiore, Andrew Rocco Tresolini

    2010-01-01

    The use of social and technological intermediaries to seek intimate partners has a long history. Yet the affordances and limitations of modern computer-mediated communication (CMC) systems built for this purpose--specifically, online dating sites--present new challenges and opportunities for those who use them to initiate intimate relationships.…

  18. The Role of Interpersonal Comfort, Attributional Confidence, and Communication Quality in Academic Mentoring Relationships

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yim, Laetitia; Waters, Lea

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study was to explore mentoring between supervisors and their postgraduate students by (a) investigating types of mentoring functions offered in academic mentoring relationships, (b) exploring perceptions of supervisors and their postgraduate students about provisions for mentoring support, and (c) examining how interpersonal…

  19. The Relationship between School Multiculturalism and Interpersonal Violence: An Exploratory Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le, Thao N.; Johansen, Samantha

    2011-01-01

    Background: Multiculturalism has been purported to be supportive of positive youth development and outcomes. This study examined the relationship between perceived school multiculturalism--whether youth felt and thought that their school and teachers supported and provided activities for diverse intergroup interactions--and serious interpersonal…

  20. Brain activation during the perception of stressful word stimuli concerning interpersonal relationships in anorexia nervosa patients with high degrees of alexithymia in an fMRI paradigm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miyake, Yoshie; Okamoto, Yasumasa; Onoda, Keiichi; Shirao, Naoko; Okamoto, Yuri; Yamawaki, Shigeto

    2012-02-28

    Several studies have reported that anorexia nervosa (AN) patients have high levels of alexithymia. However, relatively little is known about the underlying neurobiological relationships between alexithymia and AN. We used functional magnetic resonance imaging to examine the brain responses in 30 AN patients and 20 healthy women during the processing of negative words concerning interpersonal relationships. We investigated the relationship between alexithymia levels and brain activation in AN. AN patients showed significant activation of the orbitofrontal cortex, dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and medial prefrontal cortex while processing negative words concerning interpersonal relationships, as compared to the processing of neutral words. Moreover, the subjective rating of unpleasantness with negative words and neural activities in the amygdala, posterior cingulate cortex (PCC) and anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) negatively correlated with the level of alexithymia in AN. Our neuroimaging results suggest that AN patients tend to cognitively process negative words concerning interpersonal relationships, resulting in activation of the prefrontal cortex. Lower activation of the amygdala, PCC and ACC in response to these words may contribute to the impairments of emotional processing that are hallmarks of alexithymia. Functional abnormalities associated with alexithymia may be involved in the emotional processing impairments in AN patients. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. Development of the Nursing Relationships Scale: a measure of interpersonal approaches in nursing care

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Minas Harry

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background There is no comprehensive measure of dimensions describing the nursing relationship that is suitable for use with survey samples and that is focused on nursing particular types of patients. The objective of this study was to develop a measure to investigate significant dimensions of the nurse-patient relationship, the Nursing Relationship Scale (NRS. Methods Hypothetical cases (diabetes or mental illness in vignette format were presented to 132 psychiatric and 76 general nurses. Thirty-four questions about the nurse-patient interaction were asked. Principal component analyses (with oblique rotation were used to identify underlying dimensionality in the correlations of items, combining ratings from the two case vignettes. Scales were constructed from the final solution and Cronbach's alpha coefficients calculated. Subscale score variations were analysed across nurse type and patient type to examine the discriminant validity of the subscales. Results Principal components analysis revealed five dimensions accounting for 52 percent of the variation within items. Four 'conceptual' factors were derived. These were labeled Caring/Supportive Approach, Nursing Satisfaction, Authoritarian Stance, and Negativity. Developed as subscales, reliability analysis indicated high internal consistency with respective alpha coefficients for the diabetes case 0.91, 0.75, 0.65, and 0.78 and for the mental illness case of 0.91, 0.75, 0.73, and 0.85. There was significant variation in scale scores according to nurse type (psychiatric versus general and patient type (diabetes versus mental illness. Nurses endorsed more highly items from the subscales Caring/Supportive Approach and Nursing Satisfaction than items from Authoritarian Stance (with intermediate endorsement and Negativity (lowest endorsement subscales. Conclusions Psychometric evaluation of the NRS suggests it is a reliable instrument for measuring four key dimensions of the nurse

  2. The association between EFL teachers' interpersonal behavior and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The association between EFL teachers' interpersonal behavior and students' ... to map EFL teachers' interpersonal behavior as perceived by students, its relationship ... The findings indicated that understanding was perceived as interpersonal ...

  3. Mentoring Among Scientists: Implications of Interpersonal Relationships within a Formal Mentoring Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bryan D. Maughan

    2006-11-01

    Mentoring is an established strategy for learning that has its root in antiquity. Most, if not all, successful scientists and engineers had an effective mentor at some point in their career. In the context of scientists and engineers, mentoring has been undefined. Reports addressing critical concerns regarding the future of science and engineering in the U.S. mention the practice of mentoring a priori, leaving organizations without guidance in its application. Preliminary results from this study imply that formal mentoring can be effective when properly defined and operationalized. Recognizing the uniqueness of the individual in a symbiotic mentor-protégé relationship significantly influences a protégé’s learning experience which carries repercussions into their career intentions. The mentor-protégé relationship is a key factor in succession planning and preserving and disseminating critical information and tacit knowledge essential to the development of leadership in the science and technological industry.

  4. Self-Compassion and Interpersonal Cognitive Distortions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akin, Ahmet

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine the relationships between self-compassion and interpersonal cognitive distortions. Participants were 338 university students. In this study, the Self-compassion Scale and the Interpersonal Cognitive Distortions Scale were used. The relationships between self-compassion and interpersonal cognitive distortions…

  5. Integrating the interpersonal psychological theory of suicide into the depression/suicidal ideation relationship: a short-term prospective study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kleiman, Evan M; Liu, Richard T; Riskind, John H

    2014-03-01

    We examined the hypothesis that depressive symptoms are associated with increased beliefs about perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness identified in the interpersonal psychological theory of suicide and that these beliefs are associated with changes in suicidal ideation. Participants with clinical levels of depressive symptoms (n=299) were selected from a larger group (n=508) and completed measures of depressive symptoms, perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness, and suicidal ideation twice over a period of 2 months. Results of a structural equation model found that depressive symptoms were associated with increases in burdensomeness and lack of belonging, which were associated with suicidal ideation. Moreover, this hypothesized integrated model demonstrated a significantly better fit than an alternative model that assumed burdensomeness and lack of belonging were associated with changes in depressive symptoms, which were associated with suicidal ideation. Our findings suggest that the well-established relationship between depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation is associated with changes in beliefs that one is a burden on others and lacks belonging. More generally, these results suggest that it may be fruitful to integrate theories of suicide risk to form a comprehensive model that can inform future research and clinical interventions.

  6. Relationships between scores of the Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy (JSPE) and the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hojat, Mohammadreza; Mangione, Salvatore; Kane, Gregory C; Gonnella, Joseph S

    2005-11-01

    This study was designed to examine the relationships between scores of two measures of empathy. One was specifically developed for measuring empathy in patient care situations; the other was developed for the general population. It was hypothesized that the overlap between scores of the two measures would be greater for their constructs that are more relevant to patient care. Study participants were 93 first-year internal medicine residents at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital in Philadelphia. The Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy (JSPE, specifically developed for administration to health professionals), and the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI, developed for the general population) were administered. A statistically significant correlation of a moderate magnitude between the total scores of the JSPE and IRI (r = 0.45, p < 0.01) was found. The research hypothesis was confirmed by observing higher correlations between those scales of the IRI that were relevant to patient care (e.g. empathic concern, perspective taking) and related factors of the JSPE (compassionate care, perspective taking) than other scales of the IRI that seemed less relevant to patient care (e.g. personal distress and fantasy). These findings provide further support for the validity of the JSPE. It is concluded that physician empathy as measured by the JSPE and its underlying factors are distinct personal attributes that have a limited overlap with fantasy and no overlap with personal distress defined as dimensions of an empathy measure that was developed for the general population.

  7. Suicidal ideation and interpersonal relationship attribution in college freshmen%大学新生自杀意念与人际关系的归因

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    穆德军; 柳迎新

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the suicidal ideation and interpersonal relationship attribution of college freshmen. Meth-ods: Totally 789 college freshmen were selected by convenience sampling and assessed with self-rating idea of suicide scale (SIOSS) and multidimensional-multiattributional causality scale (MMCS). 645 questionnaires were valid. Results: ①In this sample, the rate of students with suicidal ideation was 1. 1% . The attribution style possessed by college freshmen was inclined to internal attribution, as well as under the condition of interpersonal communication success and failure. ②The interpersonal attribution style was more tendency to extroversion in college freshmen with suicidal ideation than those without suicidal ideation. ③The interpersonal relationship attribu-tion scores (IRAS) and extroversion attribution were positively correlated with the scores of suicidal ideation. The score of suicidal ide-ation was positively correlated with IRAS, background and ability under the condition of interpersonal communication success, but neg-atively correlated with endeavor score; while it was positively correlated IRAS, background, fortune and ability under the condition of failure. ④The factors related to suicidal ideation were background under the condition of interpersonal communication failure, interper-sonal successful attribution, ability under the condition of success. Conclusions: Different interpersonal relationship attribution effect mental health of college freshmen to some extent. It suggests that the suicidal ideation of college freshmen are related to the interperson-al relationship attribution style.%目的::探讨大学新生自杀意念与人际关系的归因。方法:选取某一综合性大学2009届大一新生789名,收回有效问卷645份。采用自杀意念自评量表(SIOSS)、多维度-多归因因果量表(MMCS)进行调查。结果:①大学新生的自杀意念发生率为1.1%;大学新生在人际关系总

  8. Research on the Interpersonal Relationship and Loneliness of College Students%大学生人际关系与孤独感的相关研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金桂春

    2011-01-01

    为研究大学生人际关系和孤独感的关系。通过采用大学生人际关系综合诊断量表、孤独感量表(UCLA)对200名大学生进行测量.结果表明大学生人际关系总分的平均分为9.26.孤独感量表的平均每题得分为2.19,性别与年级上均无显著差异.大学生人际关系总分与孤独感呈显著正相关,即大学生人际关系存在一定程度的困扰,孤独感程度一般.大学生的人际关系对孤独感有较大的影响作用,人际困扰越多,就越孤独。%This paper is to study the relationship between interpersonal relationships end loneliness. Through the use of university students relationships comprehensive diagnosis scale, loneliness scale (UCLA) measured on 200 college students. The results show that students' interpersonal average score is 9.26. Loneliness scale, the average score for each question is 2.19, gender and grade wore not significantly different. Relationships with students loneliness score was significantly positively correlated , there is a certain degree of students interpersonal problems, the general level of loneliness. Relationships of college students have a greater influenoe' on the loneliness, the more interpersonal problems, the more lonely.

  9. The Digital Media Consumption, Dependency and its Self-Perceived Effects on Familial and Peer Interpersonal Relationships of the Filipino Youth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nichole M. Bristol

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available – Emergence of digital media has altered the way people live. People exist in a phase where the entire domain of earth is reachable. In a few clicks, individuals can contact anyone at any given time. Digital media changed the way people communicate and interact with their family and friends. Thus, this quantitative study sought to find out the digital media consumption and dependency of the Filipino youth and know its self-perceived effects on their interpersonal relationship among family and friends. The study used quantitative research approach, specifically descriptive and correlation method, to analyze the gathered data the researchers employed a survey form administered to the Filipino youth. A total of 353 Filipino youth in the College of Communication of Polytechnic University of the Philippines were randomly selected to answer the survey questions. Findings revealed that respondents have a high level of digital media usage but low level of digital media dependency. There is a positive significant correlation between the digital media consumption and digital media dependency of the respondents. Results also revealed that digital media affects the interpersonal relationship of the Filipino youth. It has more positive effects on their peer interpersonal relationship and somehow negative impact on their relationship with their family.

  10. Human/mouse homology relationships

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    DeBry, R.W.; Seldin, M.F. [Duke Univ. Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States)

    1996-05-01

    Conservation of genomic organization in different mammalian species has long been recognized, but only recently has it been possible to examine these relationships systematically on a genome-wide scale in some detail. Mapping of several mammalian species in progressing rapidly, but by far the most detailed information is still to be found in the human and mouse databases. Perhaps the most important aspect of recent progress in genome mapping data. With mapping databases continuing to expand at a greater than linear rate, any attempt at a comprehensive comparative map is doomed to be out of date by the time it is published. However, we feel that it is valuable to provide a summary that is as nearly up to date as possible. We have made a particular effort to include recent human physical mapping data and to identify those mouse genes that have been well-mapped with respect to each other by virtue of having been examined in the same cross. As the human-mouse comparative map becomes more dense, it is not surprising that the observed number of conserved linkage groups continues to increase. Nadeau et al. placed 425 loci on both maps, which delineated over 100 conserved linkage groups. Copeland et al. put a total of 917 markers on both the human and the mouse maps, marking 101 segments of conserved linkage groups. In the present summary, we have placed 1416 loci, and these define at least 181 different conserved linkage groups. 47 refs., 1 fig.

  11. 大学生人际关系质量的影响因素研究%A Research on the Influencing Factors of the Quality of College Students' Interpersonal Relationship

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵崇莲; 郑涌

    2009-01-01

    采用Rosellberg自尊量表、EMBU、大学生价值观问卷、自编"大学生人际关系主观因素问卷"及"人际关系质量量表"为工具,对1,137名本科生进行调查,以探讨大学生自尊、价值观、父母教养方式及人际关系的主观因素与大学生人际关系质量的关系.结果表明,父母教养方式、价值观与自尊对人际关系质量的直接效应很低,它们对人际关系质量的影响要以人际关系的主观因素为中介.因此,要构建大学生和谐人际关系,应特别重视影响其人际关系质量的主观因素教育.%To research the relationship among self-esteem, values, parental rearing pattern, subjective factors affecting the interpersonal relation and the quality of interpersonal relation of college students, 1,387 college students were investigated with the Rosenberg self-esteem scale, EMBU, values scale for college students, the scale of subjective factors affecting the interpersonal relationship and the scale of the quality of interpersonal relationship. The results showed that the direct effect of the parental rearing pattern, values and self-esteem on the quality of interpersonal relationship was low, but subjective factors affecting interpersonal relationship served as the intermediator of their effects'on the quality of interpersonal relationship. Therefore, the instruction of subjective factors affecting interpersonal relationship is very important to forming a harmonious interpersonal relationship of college students.

  12. The role of maternal and child ADHD symptoms in shaping interpersonal relationships.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griggs, Marissa Swaim; Mikami, Amori Yee

    2011-04-01

    The current study investigated the influence of maternal ADHD symptoms on: (a) mothers' own social functioning; (b) their child's social functioning; and (c) parent-child interactions following a lab-based playgroup involving children and their peers. Participants were 103 biological mothers of children ages 6-10. Approximately half of the children had ADHD, and the remainder were comparison youth. After statistical control of children's ADHD diagnostic status and mothers' educational attainment, mothers' own inattentive ADHD symptoms predicted poorer self-reported social skills. Children with ADHD were reported to have more social problems by parents and teachers, as well as received fewer positive sociometric nominations from playgroup peers relative to children without ADHD. After control of child ADHD status, higher maternal inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity each predicted children having more parent-reported social problems; maternal inattention predicted children receiving more negative sociometric nominations from playgroup peers. There were interactions between maternal ADHD symptoms and children's ADHD diagnostic status in predicting some child behaviors and parent-child relationship measures. Specifically, maternal inattention was associated with decreased prosocial behavior for children without ADHD, but did not influence the prosocial behavior of children with ADHD. Maternal inattention was associated with mothers' decreased corrective feedback and, at a trend level, decreased irritability toward their children with ADHD, but there was no relationship between maternal inattention and maternal behaviors for children without ADHD. A similar pattern was observed for maternal hyperactivity/impulsivity and mothers' observed irritability towards their children. Treatment implications of findings are discussed.

  13. [Symptoms of social phobia and their relationship to interpersonal characteristics in a sample of German medical students].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baldauf, Matthias; Thomas, Andrea; Strauß, Bernhard

    2014-02-01

    The study aimed to detect the frequency of social phobia symptoms in a sample of German medical students and to compare students with and without these symptoms related to interpersonal characteristics. 525 students filled out a battery of self-report questionnaires consisting of the LSAS (Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale), the SPAI (Social Phobia Anxiety Inventory), the IIP-32 (Inventar of interpersonal problems) and the IIM (Inventar of interpersonal motives). Relevant social phobia symptoms were found in 12.2%. Students with symptoms of social phobia differed significantly in subscales of the IIP and the IIM. Students with symptoms of social phobia also had higher scores for interpersonal problems especially related to the main issue of being too "socially avoidant".

  14. Correlation Studies on Personality Characteristics and Interpersonal Relationships of College Students%大学生人格特征与人际关系的相关研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁丰

    2015-01-01

    采用人格特征问卷和人际关系量表对370名在校大学生进行问卷调查分析。结果显示,大学生的精神质维度在性别、学科性质、学制及是否独生上有显著差异;人际关系水平在学科性质与学制上有显著差异;精神质、神经质维度与人际关系有显著负相关;外倾性与人际关系有显著正相关。表明大学生人格特征是影响人际关系的因素。%Objective To investigate the relation and status quo of personality characteristics and interpersonal relationships of college students ,and provide scientific basis for mental health education work of college students .Methods 370 college students were assessed with personality traits questionnaire and interpersonal scale .Results The psychoticism of college students had significant difference on gender ,subject nature ,educational system ,and only‐child or not .The level of inter‐personal relationships had significant difference on subject nature and educational system .Psycho‐ ticism and neuroticism were negative correlation with interpersonal relationships ;introversion‐extroversion was positive correlation with interper‐sonal relationships .Conclusion The personality characteristics of college students were factors that affected interpersonal re‐lationships .

  15. Interpersonal relationships of elderly in selected old age homes in urban India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Duvvuru Jamuna

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Never before have there been so many old people in India. According the 2001 Census of India data, the projected figure for 2031 is 179 million seniors. Dual-career families, changing values, and nuclear family dynamics have altered the social landscape of India. An emerging phenomenon in urban India is the emergence of “pay and stay” homes as a late life living arrangement for middle and higher-income groups. This study focused on selected ‘pay and stay’ homes in the four cities of Hyderabad, Bangalore, Chennai, and Tiruvananthapuram. Personal interviews were conducted with 150 seniors to understand the relocation experience, the extent and nature of self-reported social networks, and evaluation by seniors of this late life arrangement. Majority of respondents were female (65%. More than half of the respondents (58% reported being currently widowed. Results show that childlessness and strained intergenerational relationships were important considerations in the decision to relocate. Majority of the seniors had never conceived that they would be spending their autumn years away from family. Occupants frequently conceived of their living space as their “home.” Living amidst non-family members, the reported network sizes were small. The absence of family members was frequently cited as a source of dissatisfaction when evaluating these homes.

  16. A review on the relationship between testosterone and the interpersonal/affective facet of psychopathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yildirim, Baris O; Derksen, Jan J L

    2012-05-30

    Testosterone (T) has received increasing interest in the recent years as a probable biological determinant in the etiology of male-biased clinical conditions such as psychopathy (i.e. psychopathy is more prevalent in men and leads to an earlier onset and more severe expression of antisocial and aggressive behavior in men compared to women). In this review, the authors evaluated the potential relationship between T and different constructs closely related to the core characteristics of psychopathy (affective empathy, fear-reactivity, and instrumental aggression). After a thorough examination of the literature, it is concluded that high T exposure in utero and high circulating T levels throughout important life phases (most notably adolescence) or in response to social challenges (e.g. social stress, competition) could be an important etiological risk factor in the emergence of psychopathic behavior. Nevertheless, studies consistently indicate that high T is not related to a significantly reduced fear-reactivity and is only indirectly associated with the increased levels of instrumental aggression observed in psychopathic individuals. Therefore, psychopathy is likely to arise from an interaction between high T levels and other biological and socio-psychological risk factors, such as a constitutionally based dampened fear-reactivity, insecure/disordered attachment processes in childhood, and social discrimination/rejection in adolescence and/or adulthood.

  17. The Effectiveness of the Nanta-Program on Psychiatric Symptoms, Interpersonal Relationships, and Quality of Life in Forensic Inpatients with Schizophrenia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeon, Gang-Sook; Gang, Moonhee; Oh, Kyongok

    2017-02-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of the Nanta-program on psychiatric symptoms, interpersonal relationships, and quality of life (QoL) in forensic inpatients with schizophrenia (SPR). A quasi-experimental study employing a nonequivalent control group and pre-posttest design was conducted. Participants were 38 forensic inpatients with SPR from South Korea (experimental group=18, control group=20). The intervention was conducted in 12 sessions over 12 weeks, taking 90 min per session. Data were analyzed using χ(2)-test and t-test with SPSS 22.0 program. The experimental group showed significant improvements in psychiatric symptoms (t=-2.73, p=.010) and slight improvement in interpersonal relationships (t=2.23, p=.0.34) after 12 weeks of group music therapy. There was no significant difference in QoL change between the two groups. These findings indicate that the Nanta-program is an effective intervention program for improving psychiatric symptoms and interpersonal relationships of prisoners with schizophrenia. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. 社交媒体对大学生人际关系负面影响分析%Social Media Negative Impact Analysis on College Students' Interpersonal Relationship

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王瑾; 陈琦

    2016-01-01

    社交媒体的网络空间属性和大学生的心理特殊性,使得社交媒体给大学生人际关系带来很多的负面影响,社交媒体带来的网络暴力由虚拟平台向现实生活蔓延,社交媒体给大学生人际关系带来更多压力,社交媒体增加大学生人际关系中的不确定因素.结合负面影响产生的原因,本文从法律层面、教育层面和学生管理层面分析解决这一问题的对策.%Social media network spatial attributes and the psychological characteristics of college students make social media bring a lot of negative effects on college students' interpersonal relationships. Social media violence by the virtual platform of network spreads to the real life. Social media puts additional pressure on college students' interpersonal relationships. Social media increases the uncertainty factors in college students' interpersonal relationship. Combining with the causes of negative effects, the author from the legal level, education level and student management level takes an analysis to solve the problem.

  19. Some Thoughts on the Construction of Harmonious Dormitory Interpersonal Relationship%关于构建和谐宿舍人际关系的几点思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘丽

    2015-01-01

    Nowadays many college students find it is difficult to adapt to dormitory interpersonal relationship pattern in universi-ty.If this problem can not be handled properly,it will become a persistent and stubborn troubling factor to individuals'daily life.Therefore,college students dormitory interpersonal relationship is an important factor affecting the quality of life of Univer-sity students.Major causes of interpersonal relationship are different living habits,conflicts triggered by standing upon one's au-thority,negative or self -closed personality.%当下很多大学生很难适应大学公共宿舍的人际关系格局,如果处理不好,这个问题会成为持久而顽固的困扰个体日常生活的因素。因此,大学生宿舍人际关系是影响大学生在校生活质量的重要因素。引发人际关系的主要原因有:生活习惯引发的冲突,“唯我独尊”引发的冲突,“消极、封闭”的性格特点引发的冲突。

  20. Computationally Modeling Interpersonal Trust

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jin Joo eLee

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available We present a computational model capable of predicting—above human accuracy—the degree of trust a person has toward their novel partner by observing the trust-related nonverbal cues expressed in their social interaction. We summarize our prior work, in which we identify nonverbal cues that signal untrustworthy behavior and also demonstrate the human mind’s readiness to interpret those cues to assess the trustworthiness of a social robot. We demonstrate that domain knowledge gained from our prior work using human-subjects experiments, when incorporated into the feature engineering process, permits a computational model to outperform both human predictions and a baseline model built in naivete' of this domain knowledge. We then present the construction of hidden Markov models to incorporate temporal relationships among the trust-related nonverbal cues. By interpreting the resulting learned structure, we observe that models built to emulate different levels of trust exhibit different sequences of nonverbal cues. From this observation, we derived sequence-based temporal features that further improve the accuracy of our computational model. Our multi-step research process presented in this paper combines the strength of experimental manipulation and machine learning to not only design a computational trust model but also to further our understanding of the dynamics of interpersonal trust.

  1. Computationally modeling interpersonal trust.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jin Joo; Knox, W Bradley; Wormwood, Jolie B; Breazeal, Cynthia; Desteno, David

    2013-01-01

    We present a computational model capable of predicting-above human accuracy-the degree of trust a person has toward their novel partner by observing the trust-related nonverbal cues expressed in their social interaction. We summarize our prior work, in which we identify nonverbal cues that signal untrustworthy behavior and also demonstrate the human mind's readiness to interpret those cues to assess the trustworthiness of a social robot. We demonstrate that domain knowledge gained from our prior work using human-subjects experiments, when incorporated into the feature engineering process, permits a computational model to outperform both human predictions and a baseline model built in naiveté of this domain knowledge. We then present the construction of hidden Markov models to investigate temporal relationships among the trust-related nonverbal cues. By interpreting the resulting learned structure, we observe that models built to emulate different levels of trust exhibit different sequences of nonverbal cues. From this observation, we derived sequence-based temporal features that further improve the accuracy of our computational model. Our multi-step research process presented in this paper combines the strength of experimental manipulation and machine learning to not only design a computational trust model but also to further our understanding of the dynamics of interpersonal trust.

  2. 浅议大学生宿舍人际关系对学风的影响%The Influence on Study Atmosphere by the Interpersonal Relationship in College Student Dormitory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘颖春

    2015-01-01

    From analyzing the types of interpersonal relationship,and the disharmony reasons of interpersonal relationship in college student dormitory,with the sampling method the author explores the influence by interpersonal relationship on class and grade atmosphere and study at-mosphere,and puts forward four suggestions on establishing good interpersonal relationship in dormitories.%从分析大学生宿舍人际关系类型及宿舍人际关系不和谐的原因入手,通过抽样调查研究,分析了宿舍人际关系对班风、学风的影响,提出了构建良好的宿舍人际关系的三点建议。

  3. Interpersonal perception in the context of doctor-patient relationships: a dyadic analysis of doctor-patient communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kenny, David A; Veldhuijzen, Wemke; Weijden, Trudy van der; Leblanc, Annie; Lockyer, Jocelyn; Légaré, France; Campbell, Craig

    2010-03-01

    Doctor-patient communication is an interpersonal process and essential to relationship-centered care. However, in many studies, doctors and patients are studied as if living in separate worlds. This study assessed whether: 1) doctors' perception of their communication skills is congruent with their patients' perception; and 2) patients of a specific doctor agree with each other about their doctor's communication skills. A cross-sectional study was conducted in three provinces in Canada with 91 doctors and their 1749 patients. Doctors and patients independently completed questions on the doctor's communication skills (content and process) after a consultation. Multilevel modeling provided an estimate of the patient and doctor variance components at both the dyad-level and the doctor-level. We computed correlations between patients' and doctors' perceptions at both levels to assess how congruent they were. Consensus among patients of a specific doctor was assessed using intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). The mean score of the rating of doctor's skills according to patients was 4.58, and according to doctors was 4.37. The dyad-level variance for the patient was .38 and for the doctor was .06. The doctor-level variance for the patient ratings was .01 and for the doctor ratings, .18. The correlation between both the patients' and the doctors' skills' ratings scores at the dyad-level was weak. At the doctor-level, the correlation was not statistically significant. The ICC for patients' ratings was .03 and for the doctors' ratings .76. Overall, this study suggests that doctors and their patients have a very different perspective of the doctors' communication skills occurring during routine clinical encounters.

  4. How interpersonal communication mediates the relationship of multichannel communication connections to health-enhancing and health-threatening behaviors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seo, Mihye; Matsaganis, Matthew D

    2013-08-01

    This article examines how everyday media use and interpersonal communication for health information could influence health behaviors beyond intervention or campaign contexts. The authors argue that interpersonal communication works as an independent information channel and mediates the relation between media channels and health behaviors. In addition, the authors investigate whether interpersonal communication differently influences the relation between media connections and health behaviors for more and less educated individuals. Using data from the 2008 Annenberg National Health Communication Survey, the authors show that multiple communication channels for health information encourage health-enhancing behaviors but do not have significant relations with health-threatening behaviors. Interpersonal communication is directly linked to health-enhancing behaviors, but it also mediates the influence of individuals' multichannel media environment on health-enhancing behaviors. The mediating role of interpersonal health communication was only significant for less educated people. In addition, among media channels, television was a more important instigator of health-related conversations with family and friends for the less educated group. The theoretical and practical implications of these findings, as well as suggestions for future research directions, are discussed.

  5. The Structural Factors of the Countryside Interpersonal Relationship and Their Changes%农村人际关系的结构性要素及其变迁

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    With the social transformation from tradition to modern, the traditional interpersonal structures are recombined, so the blood consciousness and ethical constraint of the countryside traditional relationship tends to weakening, and interests component of it gradually are prominent. However, the nature of differential and the rules of “renqing” of the countryside interpersonal relationship don’t change fundamentally, which still is the structural rules of interpersonal interaction.%随着从传统到现代的社会转型,农村人际关系结构发生重组,致使重视伦理、强调血缘、轻视利益的农村传统人际关系,形成利益日益凸显、血缘意识淡化、伦理约束弱化的趋势。但农村人际关系的差序本质和“人情”规则没有根本变化,仍是制约农村人际交往的结构规范。

  6. Determinants of responsibility for health, spiritual health and interpersonal relationship based on theory of planned behavior in high school girl students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rezazadeh, Afsaneh; Solhi, Mahnaz; Azam, Kamal

    2015-01-01

    Adolescence is a sensitive period of acquiring normal and abnormal habits for all oflife. The study investigates determinants of responsibility for health, spiritual health and interpersonal relations and predictive factors based on the theory of planned behavior in high school girl students in Tabriz. In this Cross-sectional study, 340 students were selected thorough multi-stage sampling. An author-made questionnaire based on standard questionnaires of Health Promotion and Lifestyle II (HPLPII), spiritual health standards (Palutzian & Ellison) and components of the theory of planned behavior (attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, and behavioral intention) was used for data collection. The questionnaire was validated in a pilot study. Data were analyzed using SPSS v.15 and descriptive and analytical tests (Chi-square test, Pearson correlation co-efficient and liner regression test in backward method). Students' responsibility for health, spiritual health, interpersonal relationships, and concepts of theory of planned behavior was moderate. We found a significant positive correlation (ptheory of planned behavior. Attitude and perceived behavioral control predicted 35% of intention of behavioral change (pbehavioral control predicted 74% of behavioral change in accountability for health (pbehavioral change in spiritual health (pbehavioral change in interpersonal relationship (pbehavioral intention and its determinants such as perceived behavioral control should be noted in promoting intervention programs.

  7. An Brief Analysis of the Harmonious Interpersonal Relationship%试析孔子的和谐人际关系思想

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁翌

    2011-01-01

    Confucius is the greatest philosopher in Chinese history.His ideology on the interpersonal relationship of benevolence,mosfetrong and harmony has influenced on the later generations deeply,and has become the criterion for us to handle the relationship between each other exactly.%孔子是中国历史上最伟大的思想家。他仁爱、忠恕的和谐人际关系思想对后世影响深远,成为我们正确处理人与人之间关系的准则。

  8. 移动网络时代大学生人际关系研究%Study on Interpersonal Relationship of College Students in Mobile Network Times

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张莉靖

    2016-01-01

    This study adopts college students interpersonal comprehensive diagnostic scale compiled by Zheng Richang and the questionnaire of college students' mobile phone network usage questionnaire to investigate 342 students in Yan'an University, the purpose is to discuss the influence of college students' mobile phone network usage on the reality of interpersonal relationship.%本研究采用了郑日昌编制的大学生人际关系综合诊断量表和自编的大学生手机网络使用情况表对延安大学342名大学生进行调查,目的在于探讨大学生手机网络使用情况对现实人际关系的影响.

  9. Experiencing Physical Warmth Promotes Interpersonal Warmth

    OpenAIRE

    Williams, Lawrence E.; Bargh, John A.

    2008-01-01

    “Warmth” is the most powerful personality trait in social judgment, and attachment theorists have stressed the importance of warm physical contact with caregivers during infancy for healthy relationships in adulthood. Intriguingly, recent research in humans points to the involvement of the insula in the processing of both physical temperature and interpersonal warmth (trust) information. Accordingly, we hypothesized that experiences of physical warmth (or coldness) would increase feelings of ...

  10. Experiencing Physical Warmth Promotes Interpersonal Warmth

    OpenAIRE

    Williams, Lawrence E.; Bargh, John A.

    2008-01-01

    “Warmth” is the most powerful personality trait in social judgment, and attachment theorists have stressed the importance of warm physical contact with caregivers during infancy for healthy relationships in adulthood. Intriguingly, recent research in humans points to the involvement of the insula in the processing of both physical temperature and interpersonal warmth (trust) information. Accordingly, we hypothesized that experiences of physical warmth (or coldness) would increase feelings of ...

  11. Fundamentals of Interpersonal Communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giffin, Kim; Patton, Bobby R.

    The purposes of this book are twofold: (1) to present valid information on interpersonal communication to the student who possesses no specialized background, and (2) to provide insights into improving one's relationships with others. An attempt is made to present opportunities for the reader to better understand his basic needs for interpersonal…

  12. Correlates of Interpersonal Attraction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prisbell, Marshall

    A study assessed the relationship of the independent variables of interpersonal attraction to the dependent variables of feeling good, relational safety, and uncertainty level. Subjects were 75 elementary and secondary school teachers, 61 communication students, 18 child development professionals, and 8 service club members. Each subject completed…

  13. 关于大学生宿舍人际关系的几点思考%Reflections on Dormitory Interpersonal Relationship of College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    As one of the most basic interpersonal relationships in college life, the dormitory interpersonal relationship of college students plays a quite important role in students' subjective well-being, the construction of learning style and so on. And it is even the key to training health personnel. This article mainly ex-pounds the leading factors which affect the dormitory interper-sonal relationship and countermeasures of creating a harmonious dormitory relationship as well. It suggests that students should regulate their personal behavior and also pay attention to the ide-ological and moral cultivation. Counselors are supposed to im-prove their individual comprehensive qualities, learn more about the art of management and integrate proposals from schools and parents so as to guide scientifically.%  大学生宿舍人际关系作为大学生活中最基本的人际关系之一,对大学生的主观幸福感、学风建设等都具有很重要的作用,甚至是培养健康人才的关键。本文主要从影响宿舍人际关系的主要因素以及构建和谐宿舍关系的对策两个方面进行阐述,提出了大学生应规范个人行为,注重思想品德修养;辅导员要提高自身综合素质,掌握管理艺术,进行科学引导;整合学校与家长的力量的建议。

  14. The Relationship between Borderline Personality Disorder and Academic and Interpersonal Functioning among College Students: Does Religiosity Moderate the Effect?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hosack, Lisa L.

    2012-01-01

    The significantly negative effects of borderline personality disorder (BPD) are widely known among researchers and clinicians. Individuals with BPD struggle in many areas. College students with BPD have been found to particularly struggle in academic and interpersonal ways. Over the last two decades, religiosity has been examined as a moderator of…

  15. Ninth and Tenth Grade Students' Mathematics Self-Efficacy Beliefs: The Sources and Relationships to Teacher Classroom Interpersonal Behaviors

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Amanda Garrett

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of the mix-methods action research study was to seek how the changes in students' perceptions about teacher classroom interpersonal behaviors, the four efficacy sources and mathematics self-efficacy beliefs were related. The methods used to accomplish this were: descriptive statistics, t-test, Pearson correlation coefficient…

  16. FOSTERING ADOLESCENTS' INTERPERSONAL BEHAVIOUR: AN ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Engr E. Egbochukwu

    Training, Interpersonal Behaviour, Emotions and Gender. Introduction ... stress and lessen the risk of later emotional and behavioural problems. ... relationships, which create knowledge and develop intelligence, which in turn, gives meaning ...

  17. 广州市大学生宿舍人际关系现况分析%Interpersonal relationship inside dormitory of college students in Guangzhou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董杉; 董晓梅; 彭淋; 陈雄飞; 王声湧

    2012-01-01

    Objective To understand present situation, influencing factors and countermeasures of interpersonal relationship inside dormitory of college students in Guangzhou, and to provide a scientific basis for universities to prevent and deal with conflicts and contradictions in college students' dormitory. Methods A self-designed questionnaire was adopted to survey 1 319 college students, and the differences were analyzed. Results The majority of students (77. 1% ) satisfied interpersonal relationship in dorm better. After the comparing of different groups, girls, foreign students and those who had better grades, stayed in the dorm longer or participated dorm activities more showed relatively high satisfaction of interpersonal relationships. While girls and who had dormitory experiences or shared rooms with their classmates attached relatively more importance to roommate relationships (P <0. 05). There was positive correlation between the satisfaction of interpersonal relationships in dorm and the importance attached to it(r=0.30,P = 0.000). The top three causes affecting interpersonal relationship were personality clashes, lifestyle differences and contradictions in interests. Facing dormitory contradictions, girls and those who had better grades tended to take a positive response. TCSQ measurement results showed that there was a positive correlation between degree of attention, satisfaction or harmony /coexistence and actively responding scores (P < 0.05). Conclusions Colleges should vigorously carry out psychological education and counseling on contradictions and conflicts inside dorm, to enhance college students' interpersonal skills and improve dormitory relationships.%目的 了解广州市大学生宿舍人际关系现况、影响因素及其应对方式,为高校预防和应对大学生宿舍冲突提供科学依据.方法 采用自编问卷,对随机整群抽取的广州市1319名在校大学生进行调查.结果 多数大学生(77.1%)对宿舍人际关系有

  18. The Relationship between Interpersonal Trust and Family Experience of College Students%家庭生活经历与大学生人际信任的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余圣陶; 杨倩婧

    2016-01-01

    Objective :To investigate the relationship between interpersonal trust and family experience of college students .Methods :Total of 366 college students were selected from Jiangsu and finished the Trust Scale (TS)for as‐sessment of interpersonal trust status .In addition ,they were asked to answer some questions about the basic situa‐tion of themselves and family situation .Results :The TS score of students who hadn’t parent - child separation expe‐rience was significantly higher than others (t = 3 .37 ,P = 0 .001) ,especially in the group which living separately from parents before the age of 6 and keeping separate state at least 3 years .The family migration experience influenced the P scores(t = ‐2 .46 ,P < 0 .05) .Parents'educational level had no significant effect on interpersonal trust .There was no significant difference between rural and urban (P < 0 .05) .Partial correlation analysis showed that interpersonal trust was significantly correlated to the satisfaction on parents’ interpersonal relationship(r = 0 .18 ,P < 0 .05) ,and D & F was significantly correlated to satisfaction on father’s interpersonal relationship(r = 0 .18 ,P < 0 .05) .Regression anal‐ysisshowed that 17 .5% variance of interpersonal trust was explained by parent - child separation experience and sat‐isfaction on mother’s interpersonal relationship ,19 .5% variance of predictability was explained by parent - child separation experience and family migration experience ,16 .2% variance of dependability and 15 .4% variance of faith was explained by parent - child separation experience and satisfaction on father’s interpersonal relationship .Conclu‐sion :Interpersonal trust is affected by family experience ,such as parent - child separationearlyexperience ,family mi‐gration experience and satisfaction with parents’ interpersonal relationship ,etc .%目的:探讨大学生人际信任水平与家庭生活经历之间的关系。方

  19. Interpersonal Skills

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barakat NG

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTIONInterpersonal skills are becoming more and more a necessity in the medical profession. The expectation from health care professionals is beyond just knowledge of the medical facts. To practice medicine effectively, doctors need to develop interpersonal skills in communication, leadership, management, teaching and time management. All of these are vital tools and are becoming increasingly essential subjects in teaching both undergraduate students and postgraduate doctors. However, a degree of self-motivation and personal initiative is needed to develop these skills. In this article, I will give an overview on interpersonal skills and will be follow this by a series of articles, in future issues, dealing with these skills.

  20. 通过共情训练改善大学生人际关系%Improving Interpersonal Relationship of College Students Through Empathy Training

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈珝; 傅宏; 张晓文

    2011-01-01

    Objective: Students' trouble in constructing interpersonal relationship is closely related to their lack of empathy competence.This research aims to explore methods to improve college students' interpersonal communications through empathy training.Methods: 68 students are selected from volunteer participants.They are randomly allocated to intervention or control group.Empathy training is conducted only in the intervention group.Conclusion: Empathy competence can be markedly improved through effective intervention.Students' interpersonal communications and interpersonal sensitivity can be greatly improved together with improvement in their empathy competence.%大学生在人际交往方面的困扰往往和他们缺乏共情能力有关,本研究旨在探索通过共情训练来提高大学生人际交往水平的方法。借鉴国内外多种共情训练程序,设计一套提高大学生共情能力及人际交往水平的训练方案,将68名大学生随机分为两组,对实验组的大学生进行共情能力的干预,对照组的大学生不进行任何干预。结论表明:大学生共情能力可以通过有效的干预手段得到明显的提高,人际交往能力以及人际敏感都会随着共情能力的提高而得到明显的改善。

  1. Relacionamento interpessoal no nível médio de enfermagem Relacionamiento interpersonal en el nivel medio de enfermería Interpersonal relationship in technical nursing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Inês Lemos Coelho Ribeiro

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Estudos sobre o relacionamento interpessoal no nível médio de enfermagem são escassos ou inexistentes, e esta categoria profissional por ter um número expressivo de representantes e serem executores de diversos cuidados diretos prestados ao paciente, necessita de conteúdos teóricos-práticos. Este estudo teve como objetivos investigar como é abordado o conteúdo deste tema entre os professores de uma escola do referido nível de ensino, sua importância para os alunos e sua aplicabilidade por profissionais deste nível. Para isto, utilizou-se questionários. Os resultados apontaram o relacionamento interpessoal como fundamental, mas sua aplicabilidade rotineira não fica clara. Isso leva a conclusão de que há dificuldade para identificação do real conteúdo ministrado, e, desta forma, supõe-se haver dificuldade para levá-lo à prática.Estudios sobre el tema relacionamiento interpersonal en el nível médio de enfermería son escasos o non existentes, y esta categoría profesional, por tener um número expresivo de representantes y seren ejecutores de diversos cuidados directos prestados al paciente, necesita de contenidos teóricos-prácticos Este estudio tuvo como objetivos investigar como es abordado el contenido de este tema entre los profesores de una escuela del referido nível de enseñanza, su importancia para los alumnos y su aplicabilidad por profesionales de este nível. Así, fueron utilizados cuestionários. Los resultados apuntaron el relacionamiento interpersonal como fundamental, pero su aplicabilidad rotinera no es clara. Concluyen que hay dificultades para identificación del real contenido ministrado, y, de esta forma, se supone haber dificultades en la práctica.Studies on the theme concernig interpersonal relationship in technical nursing are scarce or non-existent. However, since this professional category has an expressive number of representatives who deliver various types of directy care to patients, it

  2. 大学生人际关系问题的咨询和训练%Consultation and Training on the Problems of College Students' Interpersonal Relationship

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴民仓; 孙战民; 陈铮

    2015-01-01

    A consultation was carried out relying on rational emo-tive therapy and behavioral therapy, to solve the maladaptive is-sues of interpersonal relationship of a student. And the fact is that through this consultation, the participant has solved these prob-lems on relationship basically. From this, we know that rational emotive therapy and behavioral therapy do well in the issues of college students' interpersonal relationship.%咨询师运用理性情绪和行为疗法,针对某同学的人际关系适应不良进行了咨询。通过咨询,求助者的人际关系问题得到了基本的解决,达到了咨询的效果。经过这次咨询,证明理性情绪和行为疗法对人际关系问题进行咨询与治疗是有效的。

  3. Research status quo of relationship between psychological capital and interpersonal factors%心理资本与人际因素关系的研究现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付佳丽; 娄凤兰

    2015-01-01

    The psychological capital is the important content of positive psychology.It summarized the presen-ting,concept,structure,antecedent variables and outcome variables of psychological capital.And it introduced the research status quo of the relationship between psychological capital and interpersonal factors on that basis. These interpersonal factors included the attachment,family function,relationship between teachers and students.Its relationship with the psychological capital was showed mainly through the fractal dimension of psychological capital.%心理资本是积极心理学的重要内容,对心理资本的提出、概念、结构、前因变量、结果变量进行综述,并在此基础上,介绍了心理资本与人际因素关系的研究现状,这些人际因素包括依恋、家庭功能、师生关系,其与心理资本的关系则主要是通过心理资本的分维度显示。

  4. Restraint feeds stress: The relationship between eating disorder symptoms, stress generation, and the interpersonal theory of suicide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dodd, Dorian; Smith, April; Bodell, Lindsay

    2014-12-01

    Integrating research on stress generation and the interpersonal theory of suicide we examined whether eating disorder symptoms are related to stress generation and whether negative life events (stressors) contribute to feelings of burdensomeness and low belongingness. At two time points (approximately 1month apart), participants (n=186; 75% female) completed questionnaires measuring eating disorder symptoms, negative life events, burdensomeness, and belongingness. Regression analyses indicated that while controlling for depression, anxiety, and baseline frequency of negative events, dietary restraint significantly predicted negative events at follow-up. Dietary restraint indirectly influenced higher levels of perceived burdensomeness and low belongingness through its influence on negative events. Thus, dietary restraint may contribute to stress generation, and in turn exacerbate feelings of burdensomeness and low belongingness, two important constructs of the interpersonal theory of suicide. Greater understanding of these factors could lead to more effective and targeted suicide interventions for individuals who restrict food intake.

  5. 大学生网络成瘾倾向与人际关系的相关研究%RELATIVE STUDY ON INTERNET ADDICTION TENDENCY AND INTERPERSONAL RELATIONSHIPS OF COLLEGE STUDENTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑毅; 张小远; 刘晓秋

    2012-01-01

    [Objective] To explore the relationship between college student's internet addiction tendency and interper-sonal relationships. [Methods] 657 college students were surveyed by Chinese Internet Addiction Scale-Revised (CIAS-R) and Interpersonal Relationship Scale. [Results] The interpersonal relationships performed significant difference between inter-net addiction tendency group and non-intemet addiction tendency group. There was a positive correlation between internet ad-diction tendency and interpersonal relationships. [Conclusion] Internet addiction tendency is related with the interpersonal re-lationships closely.%[目的]探讨大学生网络成瘾倾向与人际关系之间的关系.[方法]使用中文网络成瘾量表修订版和大学生人际关系综合诊断量表对657名大学生进行调查.[结果]网络成瘾倾向组与非网络成瘾倾向组在人际关系上差异有统计学意义:网络成瘾倾向与人际关系存在显著正相关.[结论]网络成瘾倾向与现实人际关系密切相关.

  6. Survey Relationship between Human Resources Roles and Human Resources Competencies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasan Darvish

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available This study evaluates relationship between Human resources roles and Human resources competencies in Iranian Petroleum Company. For this study, we were looking for answers to these questions: What are the new required Human Resources competencies For Contemporary organizations? And For Gain these competencies what roles should be played by Human Resources? The study had one main hypothesis and four minor hypotheses. Research method was descriptive, and regression and correlation tests were used to determine the relationship between variables. The populations of this study were managers of Iranian Petroleum Company. This Research showed that Human resources roles have significant effect on Human resources competencies; Strategic partner, Employee champion, and Change agent had significant relationship with all of Human resource competencies; Administrative expert had not significant relationship with none of the Human resource competencies.

  7. 大学生自尊、社会支持和人际关系和谐度的关系研究%A Study of the Relationship among Self-esteem, Social Support and Harmonious Degree of Interpersonal Relationship

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦耀阳

    2015-01-01

    By adopting the Self-esteem Scale, the Perceived Social Support Scale (PSSS) and Harmonious Interpersonal Relations Scale, this paper made an investigation into the relationship among self-esteem, social support and harmoni-ous degree of interpersonal relationship, with the help of 386 university students. The results are expected to be useful and provide theoretical foundations for university students' psychological education.%采用自尊量表、领悟社会支持量表(PSSS)及大学生人际关系和谐度量表对386名大学生进行调查,探讨大学生自尊、社会支持与人际关系和谐度的关系,为大学生心理健康教育提供理论依据。

  8. Attachment to pets and interpersonal relationships: Can a four-legged friend replace a two-legged one?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iris Smolkovic

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The goal of the present research is to investigate pet attachment and measure the connection between owner-pet attachment and interpersonal attachment characteristics of dog owners and cat owners, social support and loneliness. From a sample of 268 dog and 97 cat owners, significant differences on pet attachment appeared between pet owners’ gender, owners living location, kinds of pets and the length of ownership. The pedigree of pets influenced owner-pet attachment levels.

  9. The assessment of recalled parental rearing behavior and its relationship to life satisfaction and interpersonal problems: a general population study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hinz Andreas

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Parental rearing behavior is a significant etiological factor for the vulnerability of psychopathology and has been an issue of clinical research for a long time. For this scope instruments are important who asses economically recalled parental rearing behavior in a clinical practice. Therefore, a short German instrument for the assessment of the recalled parental rearing behavior Fragebogen zum erinnerten elterlichen Erziehungsverhalten (FEE was psychometrically evaluated [Recalled Parental Rearing Behavior]. Methods This questionnaire was evaluated in a representative population sample (N = 2.948 in Germany which included 44.2% male and 55.8% female persons with a mean age of M = 47.35 (SD = 17.10, range = 18–92. For the content evaluation of the FEE the Life Satisfaction Questionnaire (FLZ and the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems (IIP was filled out by the participants. Results The FEE scales yielded a good to satisfactory internal consistency and split-half reliability. Its three factors (rejection/punishment, emotional warmth, control/overprotection correlated positively with most of the areas of life satisfaction. Furthermore, positive associations between interpersonal problems and parental rejection and control could be identified. Conclusion The FEE is a short, reliable and valid instrument that can be applied in the clinical practice. In addition, the data proved an association between recalled parental rearing behavior, life satisfaction and interpersonal problems conform to the literature. Finally, specific problems with the retrospective assessment of parental rearing behavior were addressed as well.

  10. The Relationships between Perfectionism and Interpersonal Trust of College Students%大学生完美主义与人际信任的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖秀红

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨大学生完美主义与人际信任的关系。方法采用大学生完美主义问卷、人际信任量表对293名本科生进行测量。结果大学生完美主义高分组在人际信任总分上显著低于完美主义低分组( t=-3.053,P<0.01)。大学生完美主义总分与人际信任总分间呈显著负相关(r=-0.183,P<0.01);完美主义担心出错(r=-0.257,P<0.001)、父母要求(r=-0.215,P<0.001)与人际信任总分之间呈显著负相关;完美主义中的担心出错和条理性2个维度对人际信任总分具有显著的预测作用。结论大学生完美主义与人际信任有关,对人际信任有一定程度的影响。%Objective To investigate the relationships between perfectionism and interpersonal trust of college students.Methods 293 college students were tested by The Perfectionism Scale for Chinese College Students and Rotte'r s ITS.Results The interpersonaltrust score in the highest perfectionism score group was significantly lower than that in the lowest perfectionism score group(t =-3.053, P <0.01).Perfectionism score of college students had significant correlation with interpersonal trust(r =-0.183,P <0.01).Interpersonaltrust had significant correlation with Concerns with Mistakes and Doubts(CMD)(r =-0.257,P <0.001),Parents'Expectation andControl(PEC)(r =-0.215,P <0.001);Concerns with Mistakes and Doubts,Organization significantly influenced interpersonal trust. Conclusion College students'perfectionism has a correlation with interpersonal trust.Perfectionism has influence on interpersonal trustamong college students to some extent.

  11. 大学生人际容纳与孤独感的关系%Research on the relationship of interpersonal acceptance and loneliness of college students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦耀阳; 熊猛; 韩仁生

    2008-01-01

    Objective To investigate the relationship between interpersonal acceptance and loneliness of college students.Methods 510 college students were administered by interpersonal acceptance scale(IASCS)and UCLA loneliness scale.Results (1)As a whole,there exists great capable difference of interpersonal acceptance according their genders,grades(t=5.37,P<0.01,t=12.56,P<0.01).(2)Significant negative correlation exist great capable difference about the scores of loneliness between the higher and lower acceptance of college students(P<0.01).(4)Analysis of regression indicates that interpersonal acceptance has significant predictable effects on loneliness.Conclusion Interpersonal acceptance is the important factor influencing loneliness in college students.%目的 探讨大学生人际容纳与孤独感的关系.方法 采用大学生人际容纳量表(IASCS)和UCLA孤独量表对510名大学生的人际容纳和孤独感状况进行测量、统计与分析.结果 大学生人际容纳的整体水平存在显著的性别[(2.78±0.25)分;(2.65±0.27)分]、年级差异[(2.73±0.28)分;(2.84±0.25)分;(2.78±0.31)分;(2.66±0.24)分,(P<0.01],女生得分低于男生,大二学生的得分高于其他年级;大学生人际容纳与其孤独感基本上呈显著的负相关(r总=-0.131,P<0.05),即人际容纳程度越高的大学生,其孤独感就越低;大学生高人际容纳组的孤独感得分显著低于低人际容纳组(P<0.01);进一步的回归分析表明,大学生人际容纳对其孤独感具有一定的预测作用(P<0.05).结论 大学生人际容纳与孤独感显著相关,人际容纳是影响孤独感的重要因素.

  12. Related research on interpersonal relationship and loneliness for rural special-post teachers%农村特岗教师人际关系与孤独感之相关研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢国秀; 傅丽萍

    2012-01-01

    采用人际关系综合诊断和UCLA孤独感问卷对103农村特岗教师、107名非特岗教师进行调查,探讨农村特岗教师人际关系和孤独感之间的关系。结果表明:(1)农村特岗教师人际关系困扰和孤独感显著高于对照组;(2)农村特岗教师在人际关系与孤独感之间存在显著相关,人际交谈困扰、人际交友困扰、待人接物困扰与孤独感呈正相关,异性交往困扰与孤独感没有显著相关;(3)人际关系困扰在一定程度上影响着孤独感的变化。%With comprehensive diagnosis questionnaire of interpersonal relationship and UCLA loneliness questionnaire,103 rural special post teachers and 107 non special-post teachers were surveyed on the loneliness and interpersonal relationship for rural special-post teachers.Results showed that(1) interpersonal distress and loneliness for rural special-post teachers were significantly higher than that of non special-post teachers;(2) interpersonal relationship and loneliness had significant correlation between rural special-post teachers and interpersonal conversation trouble,interpersonal friend-making trouble,interpersonal distress and loneliness were positively related.In contrast,contact distress and loneliness of the opposite sex were not significantly associated;(3)interpersonal distress to some extened affects the change of the sense of isolation.

  13. Prosocial Consequences of Interpersonal Synchrony

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    Abstract. The capacity to establish interpersonal synchrony is fundamental to human beings because it constitutes the basis for social connection and understanding. Interpersonal synchrony refers to instances when the movements or sensations of two or more people overlap in time and form. Recently, the causal influence of interpersonal synchrony on prosociality has been established through experiments. The current meta-analysis is the first to synthesize these isolated and sometimes contradictory experiments. We meta-analyzed 60 published and unpublished experiments that compared an interpersonal synchrony condition with at least one control condition. The results reveal a medium effect of interpersonal synchrony on prosociality with regard to both attitudes and behaviors. Furthermore, experimenter effects and intentionality moderate these effects. We discuss the strengths and limitations of our analysis, as well as its practical implications, and we suggest avenues for future research. PMID:28105388

  14. Social Influence Model Based on Interpersonal Relationship in Virtual Environment%虚拟环境中基于人际关系的社会影响建模

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘德胜; 司光亚

    2012-01-01

    In virtual environment, social influence exists in interpersonal relationships. It is also important for developing individual attitude. Beginning with social influence theory, a social influence model based on interpersonal relationship was proposed. At last, three experiments were performed. Results of the experiments show that quantity preponderance, shortening the distance between individuals and enhancing individual influence by ameliorating images are effective ways enhancing social influence.%虚拟环境中的个体之间存在着相互影响并对个体态度的形成具有非常重要的作用。从社会影响基本理论入手,提出了基于人际关系的社会影响模型构建方法,从三个方面通过仿真实验对社会影响模型进行了验证,说明了保持个体数量优势、通过各种措施拉近和普通个体间的距离以及改善个体形象,增强个体的影响力是增强社会影响的有效途径。

  15. Relationship Between Performance and Interpersonal Relationship of P. E. Major Students%体育专业大学生学习成绩与人际关系相关关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱建龙

    2011-01-01

    Used literature consultation,psychological measurement and mathematical statistics method,took 108 students in physical health major and social sports major of a university in Wuhan as research object,to research the relationship of their performance and their interpersonal relation-ship.The results revealed that the performance of senior students and freshmen had significant dif-ference,the performance of stable major students and new-established major students had significant difference;the interpersonal relationship level of P.E.major students was fairly high,but the range was wide,and different P.E.major students' interpersonal relationship had no significant difference;the theoretic performance and interpersonal relationship of P.E.major student had no significant correlationship,but technical performance and interpersonal relationship had significant correlation-ship.%采用文献资料、心理测验和数理统计研究方法,以武汉某所高校体育保健和社会体育两个专业108名学生为研究对象,对他们的学习成绩与人际关系相关关系进行了研究.研究结果显示:大学高年级学生与大一新生学习成绩有显著性差异,稳定专业学生成绩与新办专业学生成绩存在显著差异;体育专业大学生人际关系水平较高,但极差较大,不同体育专业学生人际关系无显著差异;体育专业学生的理论成绩与人际关系水平无显著相关性,而运动技术成绩与人际关系水平存在高度显著相关性.

  16. Medosebni odnosi in vsebina dela kot dejavnika stresa pri srednjem managementu = Interpersonal Relationships and Work Content as Stress Factors among Middle Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Polona Kožuh

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available In the modern society, where importance is placed on progress, newtechnologies and economic trends, there is a lack of awareness of thesignificance of good interpersonal relations and organizational culturewithin a company. They both contribute to the better functioningof employees as well as the entire organization. The purpose of thisstudy was to determine any possible differences between the stressorslinked to the relationships within an organization and those linked tothe work of middle management. The study included 58 middle managersworking in commercial activity in the Ljubljana region. The resultshave indicated that the amount of stressors related to the relationships,and stressors related to the managers’ work, that affect themiddle managers participating in the survey is on average the same.The results have therefore shown no statistically significant differencebetween the two forms of the studied stress factors.

  17. Gay identity, interpersonal violence, and HIV risk behaviors: an empirical test of theoretical relationships among a probability-based sample of urban men who have sex with men.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Relf, Michael V; Huang, Bu; Campbell, Jacquelyn; Catania, Joe

    2004-01-01

    The highest absolute number of new HIV infections and AIDS cases still occur among men who have sex with men (MSM). Numerous theoretical approaches have been used to understand HIV risk behaviors among MSM; however, no theoretical model examines sexual risk behaviors in the context of gay identity and interpersonal violence. Using a model testing predictive correlational design, the theoretical relationships between childhood sexual abuse, adverse early life experiences, gay identity, substance use, battering, aversive emotions, HIV alienation, cue-to-action triggers, and HIV risk behaviors were empirically tested using confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modeling. The relationships between these constructs are complex, yet childhood sexual abuse and gay identity were found to be theoretically associated with HIV risk behaviors. Also of importance, battering victimization was identified as a key mediating variable between childhood sexual abuse, gay identity, and adverse early life experiences and HIV risk behaviors among urban MSM.

  18. 大学生出生次序、自尊与人际关系%The Birth Order,Self -esteem and Interpersonal Relationship of College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩晓红

    2015-01-01

    This paper aims to explore the differences between the birth order and relationships in considering the self -esteem acts as a personality factor.We have chosen 300 students in Zhengzhou University to investigate by using the self -esteem scale and interpersonal relationships assessment scale.The results show that there are not obvious differences in self -esteem in dif-ferent birth orders,including the differences between only one or non -only -child student.The extent of troubled relation-ships and its communication and interpersonal relationship factors between only one or non -only -child student is not signifi-cant,but it is significant between the students in different birth orders.%目的:结合自尊这一人格因素探讨不同出生次序的大学生人际关系之间的差异。方法:采用自尊量表、人际关系综合诊断量表对郑州大学300名大学生进行测查。结果:独生与非独生、非独生子女中不同出生次序的大学生自尊水平差异不显著。独生与非独生子女之间的人际交往困扰总分及各因子分之间差异不显著,在非独生子女中,不同出生次序大学生在与人交谈困扰因子、人际交往困扰因子及人际关系困扰总分上差异显著。

  19. 网络对大学生人际关系的负面影响及其对策%Research on the Influence of Network on Interpersonal Relationship of College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐雪松

    2015-01-01

    Interpersonal relationship is the most important factor to affect the healthy growth of College students.In today’s society, network interpersonal communication becomes one of the basic ways of College students’social interaction because of the popularity of the network.So, the network interpersonal relationship is the important component of College students’interpersonal relationship.Network interpersonal communication expands the depth and breadth of interpersonal communication of College students, but it can cause the reality of interpersonal emotion estranged and influences the reality of interpersonal skills of College students too much addicted to the network.University should help college students to set great goals, to improve the leaning interest, strengthen the education of interpersonal communication to help College students to built harmonious interpersonal relationship by variety methods.%人际关系是影响大学生健康成长的最重要的因素之一,网络人际关系已成为了大学生人际关系的重要组成部分。以成都工业学院在校大学生作为调查对象,对网络环境下的大学生人际关系进行了调查研究。认为网络人际关系虽然扩大了大学生人际关系的深度和广度,但是过分沉溺网络会造成现实的人际情感疏远,影响大学生现实的人际交往能力。高校可以通过帮助大学生树立远大目标,提高大学生学习的兴趣,加强人际交往的教育,利用多种方式帮助大学生建立和谐的人际关系。

  20. Experiencing physical warmth promotes interpersonal warmth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Lawrence E; Bargh, John A

    2008-10-24

    "Warmth" is the most powerful personality trait in social judgment, and attachment theorists have stressed the importance of warm physical contact with caregivers during infancy for healthy relationships in adulthood. Intriguingly, recent research in humans points to the involvement of the insula in the processing of both physical temperature and interpersonal warmth (trust) information. Accordingly, we hypothesized that experiences of physical warmth (or coldness) would increase feelings of interpersonal warmth (or coldness), without the person's awareness of this influence. In study 1, participants who briefly held a cup of hot (versus iced) coffee judged a target person as having a "warmer" personality (generous, caring); in study 2, participants holding a hot (versus cold) therapeutic pad were more likely to choose a gift for a friend instead of for themselves.

  1. The relationship between junior high school student's interpersonal relationship development and their self concept%初中生人际关系的发展及其与自我概念的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林巧明; 石向实

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the relationship between junior high school student's interpersonal relationship development and their self concept.Method Middle school students interpersonal questionnaire and TSCS were used to survey 2189 junior high school students.Findings Different relationships of grade main effect was found remarkable( F=44.98,P<0.01).Significant differences were found of junior middle school students self concept(F=12.04,P<0.01);Significant correlation was found between different types of interpersonal relationship and self concept(r =0.533,P<0. 01) .Conclusion Junior high school students have good partner relations.The relationship between teachers and students and parent-child relationship development level are low.Junior high school students’ interpersonal relationship development is positively correlated to their self concept.%目的:调查初中生人际关系的情况以及与自我概念的关系。方法采用中学生人际关系调查问卷与田纳西自我概念量表,对2187名初中生进行问卷调查。结果不同人际关系的年级主效应显著(F=44.98,P<0.01);初中生的自我概念存在显著差异( F=12.04,P<0.01);不同类型的人际关系与自我概念显著相关( r=0.533,P<0.01)。结论初中生的同伴关系发展较好,师生关系和亲子关系发展水平较低;初中生人际关系与自我概念显著正相关。

  2. Maintaining interpersonal and organizational relations through electronic mail by men and women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harper, Vernon B

    2005-12-01

    E-mail is used to maintain two primary human relationships, interaction between individuals and preserving relationships with organizations. 278 participants from a medium-size university in the southwest completed two measures developed to assess the quantity of e-mail used to maintain interpersonal and organizational relationships. Analysis indicated that men (M = 5.8, SD = 2.7) and women (M = 6.6, SD = 2.5) significantly differed in frequency of e-mail used to maintain interpersonal relationships, but not in reference to organizational maintenance.

  3. An examination of the stability of interpersonal hostile-dominance and its relationship with psychiatric symptomatology and post-discharge aggression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Podubinski, Tegan; Lee, Stuart; Hollander, Yitzchak; Daffern, Michael

    2016-07-01

    The relevance of interpersonal hostile-dominance (HD) to post-discharge aggression in mental health patients is unclear. This study assessed whether (1) HD is stable over time; (2) the relationship between HD and positive, negative, disorganized, and excited symptoms is consistent over time; and (3) HD is related to aggression post-discharge. Two hundred psychiatric inpatients were recruited on admission to hospital; 41 were available for follow-up at 6 months post-discharge, including 29 men and 12 women, with an age range of 19-63 (M = 39.63 years, SD = 12.69 years). Psychiatric symptomatology and interpersonal style were assessed at recruitment and follow-up; aggression in the community post-discharge was measured at follow-up. Results showed that (1) HD was stable over time despite an overall reduction in psychiatric symptoms, (2) HD was positively correlated with symptom severity at both time points, and (3) higher HD, excited symptoms, and positive symptoms measured in the community, and more severe positive symptoms measured in hospital, were associated with aggressive behavior post-discharge. These results suggest that HD is a risk factor for more severe psychopathology. Furthermore, HD, positive symptoms, and excited symptoms measured in the community act as risk factors for aggressive behavior post-discharge. As such, treatment planning and risk assessment should consider HD. Aggr. Behav. 42:324-332, 2016. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  4. Victims of ‘private’ crimes and application of human rights in interpersonal relations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reiter Axelle

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available International human rights law has been challenged because of its alleged inability to safeguard the rights of the most vulnerable victims of violence. Whereas in real life they are often marginalized and effectively left without adequate protection, this is not to be attributed to the absence of an appropriate normative framework but rather to the contempt, lack of enforcement and systemic neglect of their claims. This paper proposes to find a ‘cure’ inside international human rights law, by strengthening the mechanisms that permit a horizontal application of human rights standards in private relations. The paper is divided in four sections. The first section describes the problematic at hand, focusing in particular on violence against women and children. The three subsequent sections then analyze the avenues open to victims in order to claim a ‘third-party’ application of human rights treaties against non-state actors who have violated their fundamental rights.

  5. 丽水学院体育专业学生人际关系的调查与研究%Lishui college sports professional students interpersonal relationship of investigation and research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞小亚

    2013-01-01

    Under the background of era of building a harmonious socialist society, the harmonious interpersonal relationship is still one of the goal of our pursuit. College students as a important and special group in society, their interpersonal relationship problem is becoming more and more attention by education workers. Based on the college students' interpersonal syndrome scale, to lishui college sports professional to survey 428 college students of different gender, grade, the results show that the professional sports college students in interpersonal conversation, interpersonal problems more in the dating; Students interpersonal relationships is given priority to with grade present ladder type; Interpersonal problems exist gender differences in welcoming guests, heterosexual contacts girls better than boys.%  在构建社会主义和谐社会的时代背景下,和谐的人际关系仍然是我们追求的目标之一。大学生作为社会中一个重要而特殊的群体,他们的人际关系问题日益受到教育工作者的广泛关注。本文采用大学生人际关系综合症段量表,对丽水学院体育专业不同性别、年级的428名大学生进行调查,结果表明:体育专业的大学生在人际交谈、人际交友方面的困扰相对较多;学生人际关系以年级为主呈现阶梯型;人际关系困扰存在性别差异,在待人接物、异性交往上女生明显优于男生。

  6. 人际关系对社会责任感的影响%The impact of interpersonal relationship on social responsibility

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄四林; 韩明跃; 张梅

    2016-01-01

    Social responsibility predicts job performance, academic achievement, personality, coping with frustration, self-acceptance and altruism. Previous studies mainly focused on social responsibility’s concept, psychological structure, influencing factors, and instruction. Findings from recent correlational studies suggest that interpersonal relationship influences social responsibility. This study examined the causal relationship between the two variables. Furthermore, prior results postulate that empathy may play an important mediating role in this causal mechanism. Therefore, the present study was designed to test the causal impact of interpersonal relationship on social responsibility and the mediating function of empathy in the association between the two variables. Three studies were conducted. Study 1 was a survey study testing the relationship between interpersonal relationship and social responsibility, and whether empathy played a mediating role, among 335 undergraduates. Study 2 tested the effect of the utility of relationship on social responsibility. 234 undergraduates were randomly assigned to three groups: high utility, low utility and control group. Based on the result of Study 2, Study 3 further manipulated the intimacy of relationship in which participants were asked to imagine a close friend or a classmate who was newly introduced, and examined the effect of utility and intimacy of relationship on social responsibility simultaneously. 192 undergraduates were randomly assigned to four groups classified by the utility (high vs. low) and intimacy (high vs. low) of relationship. The results showed that: (1) Interpersonal relationship correlated positively with social responsibility, and empathy acted as a partial mediating variable. (2) The manipulation of utility of relationship significantly impacted social responsibility. The high utility group showed significantly a higher level of social responsibility than did the low utility and the control group

  7. 大学生宽恕、人际关系满意感与主观幸福感的关系研究%Relationship Among Forgiveness,Interpersonal Satisfaction and Subjective Well-being of College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘会驰; 吴明霞

    2011-01-01

    目的:探讨大学生宽恕、人际关系满意感与主观幸福感之间的关系.方法:采用人际侵犯动机量表、主观幸福感量表和人际关系满意感量表对641名大学生进行测量.结果:大学生的宽恕、人际关系满意感和主观幸福感都显著正相关,宽恕对主观幸福感有直接影响,也通过人际关系满意感间接影响主观幸福感.结论:在宽恕对主观幸福感的影响中,人际关系满意感具有部分中介作用.%Objective: To explore the relationship between forgiveness, interpersonal satisfaction and subjective wellbeing of college students. Methods: 641 college students were measured by questionnaires of Transgression-Related Interpersonal Motivations Scale, Subjective Well-being Scale and Interpersonal Satisfaction Scale. Results: Both forgiveness and interpersonal satisfaction were pnsitively related to subjective well-being. Forgiveness had direct influence on subjectire well-being, and indirect influence through interpersonal satisfaction. Conclusion: The effect of forgiveness on subjective well-being is partially mediated by interpersonal satisfaction.

  8. Community Norms and Human Rights: Supervising Haitian Colleagues on Interpersonal Psychotherapy (IPT) With a Depressed and Abused Pregnant Woman.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verdeli, Helen; Therosme, Tatiana; Eustache, Eddy; Hilaire, Olissaint St; Joseph, Benissois; Sönmez, Cemile Ceren; Raviola, Giuseppe

    2016-08-01

    After the 2010 Haiti earthquake, Zanmi Lasante, a local health care organization, implemented a collaborative stepped-care model to address depression in community and primary care settings in rural Haiti. Specialized community health workers, the ajans santé, collaborate with local psychologists and primary care doctors to offer home-based evaluation, support, and follow-up. The services include brief interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) and/or medication to persons who met locally defined criteria for depression. A cross-national (Haiti-United States) expert mental health team has been overseeing the program. The present IPT supervision case of a severely depressed, physically abused, and pregnant young woman illustrates the U.S.-based supervisor's internal struggle to reconcile awareness of and respect for local norms while maintaining a human rights-based framework. It also highlights the critical role of community health workers in addressing the mental health treatment gap in regions plagued by extreme poverty and adversity. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  9. Lack of Association between Human Plasma Oxytocin and Interpersonal Trust in a Prisoners Dilemma Paradigm

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-30

    instructed to eat and sleep normally and abstain from alcohol, tobacco, and caffeine starting 12 hours prior to participation. Apparatus Blood samples were...whom they already had a trusting relationship. Participants were instructed to eat and sleep normally and abstain from alcohol, tobacco, and caffeine ...consume alcohol, tobacco, or caffeine 12 hours prior the beginning of the study. Although there is evidence that there is no variation of oxytocin

  10. Medical student empathy: interpersonal distinctions and correlates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jordan, Kevin D; Foster, Penni Smith

    2016-12-01

    Attention to interpersonal behaviors, communication, and relational factors is taking on increasing importance in medical education. Medical student empathy is one aspect of the physician-patient relationship that is often involved in beneficial interactions leading to improved clinical outcomes and patient satisfaction. As an interpersonal quality, empathy is a social behavior well-suited to be examined from an interpersonal perspective. The present study used the interpersonal theory of clinical, personality, and social psychology to examine the construct of empathy and theorize about likely interpersonal correlates. One hundred and sixty-three students from an academic health center in the southeastern United States participated in this study. The medical student version of the Jefferson Scale of Empathy was used to assess empathy and its factors: Perspective taking, compassionate care, and walking in the patient's shoes. Interpersonal assessments included the International Personality Item Pool-Interpersonal Circumplex, the Interpersonal Support Evaluation List, and the UCLA Loneliness Scale. Distinct interpersonal styles and correlates emerged among empathy and its factors. While all factors of empathy were related to interpersonal warmth, perspective taking and compassionate care were also associated with submissiveness. Of note, only walking in the patient's shoes was correlated with both social support and less loneliness. These findings are discussed in light of interpersonal theory with particular attention paid to the implications for medical education and professional development.

  11. 大学生宿舍人际关系与就业满意度的调查分析%Investigation of College Student's Dormitory Interpersonal Relationship and Employment Satisfaction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾杏

    2014-01-01

    Good interpersonal socialization is an important self-manifestation, but also reflects the good mental health. The study com-bines interpersonal relationships and job satisfaction to explore the affection of interpersonal relationships in the school and work satisfac-tion after the school, and provides theoretical reference for college graduates and employment guidance centers as well as related depart-ments.%良好的人际交往是自我社会化的重要体现,也是心理健康的良好体现,本研究把人际关系和工作满意度结合起来,来探讨在校人际关系对工作后满意度的影响情况,为高校毕业生和就业指导中心以及相关部门提供相应的理论参考。

  12. Interpersonal Congruency, Attitude Similarity, and Interpersonal Attraction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Touhey, John C.

    1975-01-01

    As no experimental study has examined the effects of congruency on attraction, the present investigation orthogonally varied attitude similarity and interpersonal congruency in order to compare the two independent variables as determinants of interpersonal attraction. (Author/RK)

  13. Interpersonal Congruency, Attitude Similarity, and Interpersonal Attraction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Touhey, John C.

    1975-01-01

    As no experimental study has examined the effects of congruency on attraction, the present investigation orthogonally varied attitude similarity and interpersonal congruency in order to compare the two independent variables as determinants of interpersonal attraction. (Author/RK)

  14. Relationship between coping with interpersonal stressors and depressive symptoms in the United States, Australia, and China: a focus on reassessing coping.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tsukasa Kato

    Full Text Available Reassessing coping involves efforts to wait patiently for an appropriate opportunity to act or for a change or improvement in the situation, and can be observed in individuals encountering a stressful relationship event. It was hypothesized that reassessing coping would be negatively associated with depressive symptoms.A cross-sectional Web-based survey was conducted in order to test this hypothesis by examining relationships between coping strategies including reassessing coping, distancing coping and constructive coping for stressful relationship events and depressive symptoms. Participants were 1,500 individuals recruited from the general populations of the United States, Australia, and China.Structural equation modeling analysis revealed that scores on coping strategies predicted depressive symptom scores in the samples from all three countries with medium or large effect sizes. Further, the beta values for reassessing coping scores were negative and significant in all samples, indicating that the hypothesis was supported for each of the population samples surveyed. In addition, distancing coping, which reflects strategies that attempt to actively damage, disrupt, and dissolve a stressful relationship, was associated with high levels of depressive symptoms.Reassessing coping for interpersonal stressors was be negatively associated with depressive symptoms in sample from general populations of the United States, Australia, and China.

  15. Human resource management in triangular employment relationships

    OpenAIRE

    Fontinha, Ana Rita Ramos

    2013-01-01

    Tese de doutoramento (co-tutela), Psicologia (Psicologia dos Recursos Humanos do Trabalho e das Organizações), Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Universidade de Lisboa, 2013 This dissertation concerns the triangular employment relationships of agency workers and outsourced workers. In particular, the aim was to investigate the relationship between employees’ perceptions and attributions of human resource management (HRM) practices and their dual affective organisational commitment, i.e., the...

  16. “兼爱”对当代大学生人际观构建的启示%Enlightenment from "Universal Love"View of Mo-Zi to College Students' Views of Interpersonal relationship

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙江涛

    2012-01-01

    "Universal Love" is the core concept of Mohist culture."Universal Love" emphasizes individual initiative,equivalency,interaction and causality in interpersonal relationship.Those views have positive reference meaning from three aspects to construction of college students' interpersonal views.That is motile interpersonal attitude,objective standards of interpersonal relationship and rational ways to solve interpersonal problems.%"兼爱"是我国墨家文化的核心概念,"兼爱"价值观强调个人在处理人际关系中的主动性、对等性、交互性和因果性。这对当代大学生人际关系的建构在三方面具有积极的借鉴意义,即:能动的人际态度;客观的人际关系处理标准;理性的人际关系解决途径。

  17. Salivary cortisol and interpersonal functioning : An event-contingent recording study in the offspring of parents with bipolar disorder

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ellenbogen, Mark A.; Linnen, Anne-Marie; Santo, Jonathan B.; aan het Rot, Marije; Hodgins, Sheilagh; Young, Simon N.

    2013-01-01

    Despite a large body of research in non-human primates, the relationship between naturalistic patterns of social behaviour and basal cortisol levels has been understudied in humans. The present study examined the relationship between patterns of interpersonal functioning and cortisol levels in 23 of

  18. An Evaluation of Program M in Rio De Janeiro, Brazil: An Analysis of Change in Self-Efficacy in Interpersonal Relationships, Gender Equity, and Self-Reported Risky Behaviors among Women in Two Low-Income Communities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rocha, Valeria

    2011-01-01

    This quantitative study examined whether Program M, an intervention targeting young women in a low-income community in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, promoted changes in gender equitable attitudes and self-efficacy in interpersonal relationships among program participants. Further, it investigated whether the program influenced these young…

  19. A Rank Correlation Analysis of Factors that affect the Interpersonal Relationship in Student Dormitories of College%高职学生寝室人际关系现状及秩相关分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢振旺; 王坚

    2011-01-01

    本文采用Speannan秩相关法进行分析,研究调查了高职院校学生的寝室人际关系状况。%The present study attempts to figure out the factors that influence Interpersonal Relationship in Student Dormitories (IRSD) of College.

  20. Discussion of Relationship between the Interpersonal Communication Ability and Physical Exercise of the Medical Students%医学生人际沟通能力与体育运动的关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙毅

    2015-01-01

    采用问卷调查法,对507名医学生体育运动的详细状况以及人际沟通能力进行了调查,分析了体育运动与医学生人际沟通能力之间的关系。结果表明:体育运动与医学生的人际沟通能力有密切关系;医学生的人际沟通能力因运动方式的不同而差异显著;个体的人际沟通能力与运动频数、运动负荷、运动年限具有正向关系;参与体育运动的医学生,在人际沟通能力上不存在性别差异。%Using questionnaires,507 students’sports status and interpersonal skills were investigated in detail,and analyzing the relationship between sports and the medical students’interpersonal com-munication skills.The results show that there is a close relationship between the interpersonal com-munication ability and physical exercise of the medical student;there is the significant difference in the interpersonal communication ability of the medical student due to the various ways of physical ex-ercise;there is the positive relationship between the individual ability of interpersonal communication and exercise frequency,exercise intensity,and sport-life span;there is no gender difference in inter-personal communication ability for the medical student participating in physical exercise.

  1. Mediator of Interpersonal Relationship Between Forgiveness and Subjective Well-Being of College Students%大学生宽恕与主观幸福感的关系:人际关系的中介作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜永杰; 谭顶良

    2016-01-01

    采用宽恕问卷、大学生人际关系综合诊断问卷和大学生主观幸福感问卷对611名普通本科大学生进行调查,探讨了大学生宽恕、主观幸福感、人际关系三者间的关系及人际关系的中介作用.研究发现:(1)大学生宽恕、人际关系与主观幸福感、消极情感、积极情感之间都存在极其显著的相关.个体越容易宽恕他人侵害或自己的过失,人际关系越好,消极情感体验越少,积极情感体验越多,主观幸福感水平也越高.宽恕教育和良好的人际关系的建立是提升大学生主观幸福感的有效途径.(2)人际关系在大学生宽恕对主观幸福感和消极情感的影响上,起部分中介作用.大学生宽恕心理既可以直接也可以间接通过人际关系减少消极情绪,提升主观幸福感;(3)人际关系对积极情感的影响具有完全中介作用.宽恕可以直接较少消极情绪,但消极情绪的减少不等于积极情绪的增加,而要通过人际关系的改善才能增加积极情绪.%To describe their relationships of college students' forgiveness, subjective well-being and interpersonal rela-tionship and explore the mediator of interpersonal relationship, a survey of 611 students was conducted in the study to complete forgiveness questionnaire, composite scale of interpersonal comprehensive diagnostic and college students subjec-tive well-being questionnaire. We have arrived at three conclusions. Firstly, the forgiveness, interpersonal relationship and negative and positive emotions all have extremely significant correlation. The more likely to forgive others violation or neg-ligence of their owns, the better of their interpersonal relationship, SWB and positive emotions, on the contrast, the less of negative emotions. Forgiveness education and the establishment of a good interpersonal relationship is an effective way to improve college students' SWB. Secondly, interpersonal relationship plays a partial mediating role

  2. 大学生感恩意识与人际状况的关系研究%Research on Relationship between Gratitude Sense and Interpersonal ties of College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄伟庆

    2014-01-01

    This essay takes an empirical analysis on relationship between college students’gratitude sense and their interpersonal ties,to reflect impact of gratitude sense on interpersonal ties.%选取大学生为研究对象,通过实证分析探讨了当前大学生感恩意识与人际状况的关系,旨在反映当前大学生的感恩意识,以及感恩情感对于大学生人际关系的影响。

  3. Interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) in major depressive disorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brakemeier, Eva-Lotta; Frase, Lukas

    2012-11-01

    In this article, we will introduce interpersonal psychotherapy as an effective short-term treatment strategy in major depression. In IPT, a reciprocal relationship between interpersonal problems and depressive symptoms is regarded as important in the onset and as a maintaining factor of depressive disorders. Therefore, interpersonal problems are the main therapeutic targets of this approach. Four interpersonal problem areas are defined, which include interpersonal role disputes, role transitions, complicated bereavement, and interpersonal deficits. Patients are helped to break the interactions between depressive symptoms and their individual interpersonal difficulties. The goals are to achieve a reduction in depressive symptoms and an improvement in interpersonal functioning through improved communication, expression of affect, and proactive engagement with the current interpersonal network. The efficacy of this focused and structured psychotherapy in the treatment of acute unipolar major depressive disorder is summarized. This article outlines the background of interpersonal psychotherapy, the process of therapy, efficacy, and the expansion of the evidence base to different subgroups of depressed patients.

  4. Teachers' Interpersonal Role Identity

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Want, Anna C.; den Brok, Perry; Beijaard, Douwe; Brekelmans, Mieke; Claessens, Luce C. A.; Pennings, Helena J. M.

    2015-01-01

    This article investigates the link between teachers' appraisal of specific interpersonal situations in classrooms and their more general interpersonal identity standard, which together form their interpersonal role identity. Using semi-structured and video-stimulated interviews, data on teachers' appraisals and interpersonal identity standards…

  5. Research on the Relationship Between University Students' Network Communication and Interpersonal Attachment%大学生网络人际交往与人际依恋的关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    门志梅

    2012-01-01

    There are 1264 university students who been selected to survey the relationship between network communication and interpersonal attachment by questionnaire investigation. The results showed that: the feature of network communication and interpersonal attachment had gender and grade difference; university students' interpersonal attachment has certain forecast on network communication.%以1264名大学生为被试,采用问卷调查法探讨大学生网络人际交往与人际依恋的关系。结果发现:大学生网络人际交往与人际依恋存在着性别和年级差异;大学生人际依恋在一定程度上对网络人际交往有一定的预测作用。

  6. Children's Reasoning about Interpersonal and Moral Conflicts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smetana, Judith G.; And Others

    1991-01-01

    Two studies of third, sixth, and ninth graders were conducted to determine whether the children made judgments about both justice and interpersonal relations in conflict situations. Results demonstrate that concerns with justice and interpersonal relationships coexist in judgments of male and female children. The ways in which these concerns are…

  7. Behavior generation for interpersonal coordination with virtual humans : on specifying, scheduling and realizing multimodal virtual human behavior

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Welbergen, van Herwin

    2011-01-01

    Interactive virtual humans, are used in many educational and entertain- ment settings. They have become very complex pieces of software. Building a state-of-the-art virtual human entails re-implementing several pieces of ex- isting work. The SAIBA initiative (consisting of several leading researcher

  8. Analysis and Countermeasures of Interpersonal Relationship Conflicts of College Students in Dormitories%高校学生宿舍人际关系矛盾分析及对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨雅芳

    2015-01-01

    Dormitories play an indispensable role in forming interpersonal relations among university students , which is also quite important to students'growth as well as to create good atmosphere . Nowadays the interpersonal relationship in university dormitories has unique characteristics of the times and the age . Individual difference of college students is the main reason leading to the contradiction of interpersonal relationship in dormitories . Therefore , it is of great significance to establish a scientific system to prevent and settle interpersonal relationship conflicts in dormitories .%宿舍是大学生交往的重要场合,对学校风气的形成和大学生成长具有至关重要的作用。当代高校宿舍的人际关系矛盾具有鲜明的时代特征和年龄阶段特点,大学生的个性、性格、成长背景差异是宿舍人际关系冲突形成的主要原因,建立科学合理的宿舍人际关系矛盾化解和防范机制具有重要意义。

  9. Sociological Analysis on Interpersonal Relationship in Ur-ban Residential Areas%城市居民小区人际关系的社会学分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    佟雅囡; 黄会玲; 杜秀秀

    2015-01-01

    Due to the changes in the social environment resulted from social development, the development of communication net-works, especially the Internet, accelerates people's pace of life. Additionally, the changes in housing patterns and living environ-ment, the lack of social interaction and the impact of confidence crisis, and the interpersonal indifference in urban residential ar-eas, have severely affected social harmony and the development of urban lifestyle. It is necessary for the government to focus on the development of interpersonal relationship in residential areas, make related policies from macro aspects, and announce various documents and regulations, so as to guide the improvement of community environment and neighborhood relationship in urban residential areas, and point out a general direction for the im-provement and development of neighborhood relationship in ur-ban residential areas.%由于社会发展导致的社会环境变化,通讯网络特别是互联网的发展使人们生活节奏的加快,以及住房模式和居住环境的变化,社会互动的缺乏和信任危机的影响,城市小区居民人际关系淡漠,严重影响了社会的和谐与城市居民生活方式的发展。政府有必要关注小区人际关系的发展,要站在一个统领者的位置,从宏观方面来制定相关政策,通过出台各项文件和法规,引导全国城市注重社区环境和小区邻里关系的改善,为城市小区邻里关系的改善和发展指明大的方向。

  10. The Role of Interpersonal Relations in Healthcare Team Communication and Patient Safety: A Proposed Model of Interpersonal Process in Teamwork.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Charlotte Tsz-Sum; Doran, Diane Marie

    2017-06-01

    Patient safety is compromised by medical errors and adverse events related to miscommunications among healthcare providers. Communication among healthcare providers is affected by human factors, such as interpersonal relations. Yet, discussions of interpersonal relations and communication are lacking in healthcare team literature. This paper proposes a theoretical framework that explains how interpersonal relations among healthcare team members affect communication and team performance, such as patient safety. We synthesized studies from health and social science disciplines to construct a theoretical framework that explicates the links among these constructs. From our synthesis, we identified two relevant theories: framework on interpersonal processes based on social relation model and the theory of relational coordination. The former involves three steps: perception, evaluation, and feedback; and the latter captures relational communicative behavior. We propose that manifestations of provider relations are embedded in the third step of the framework on interpersonal processes: feedback. Thus, varying team-member relationships lead to varying collaborative behavior, which affects patient-safety outcomes via a change in team communication. The proposed framework offers new perspectives for understanding how workplace relations affect healthcare team performance. The framework can be used by nurses, administrators, and educators to improve patient safety, team communication, or to resolve conflicts.

  11. Relating Adler's Life Tasks to Schutz's Interpersonal Model and the FIRO-B.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prendergast, Kathleen; Stone, Mark

    This paper integrates the interpersonal model of Schutz (1966) and Schutz's (1978) instrument for evaluating interpersonal relationships, FIRO-B (Fundamental Interpersonal Relationship Orientation-Behavior), with Adler's life tasks and typology. The paper begins with a description of Schutz's Interpersonal model in which Schutz, like Adler, views…

  12. College Students’ Personality Traits and Dormitory Interpersonal Relationship Study%大学生人格特征与宿舍人际关系的关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈钰煌

    2015-01-01

    Previous studies concentrated on factors affecting college students dormitory interpersonal analysis, the study of personality characteristics of college students based on the analysis, the main use of the literature review and survey method are combined, the focus of study among college students dormitory interpersonal and Big Five Personality Traits Relationship. We for a total of 430 Minnan Normal questionnaires were got back 293 valid questionnaires. The results are as follows:First, personality aspects, between the grades in these five dimensions (openness, agreeableness, rigor, neuroticism and extraversion) on has significant differences. The higher grades, higher neuroticism scores; on the contrary, the higher grades, openness, agreeableness, rigor and openness of these four personality dimensions the lower the score. Second, in the year of this factor, all grades differences Students dormitory satisfaction significantly. The higher-grade, lower satisfaction scores. Third, the dormitory interpersonal satisfaction and openness, rigor two personality dimensions were positively correlated. Dormitory interpersonal satisfaction and personality dimension neuroticism were negatively correlated.%前人研究多集中在对影响大学生宿舍人际关系因素的分析,本研究基于大学生人格特征分析,主要使用了文献法与问卷调查法相结合的方法,重点研究大学生宿舍人际关系与大五人格特征之间的关系。本人对闽南师范大学发放问卷共430份,收回有效问卷293份。研究结果如下:第一,人格方面,各年级间在这五个维度(开放性、宜人性、严谨性、神经质和外向性)上都有显著差异。年级越高,神经质得分越高;相反,年级越高,开放性、宜人性、严谨性和开放性这四个性维度得分越低。第二,在年级这个因素上,各年级大学生对宿舍满意度差异显著。年级越高,满意度得分就越低。第三,

  13. 高校学生人际关系窘境及突破研究%Research on the Predicament of College Students' Inter-personal Relationship and the Breakthrough

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙莉

    2015-01-01

    高校作为大学生生活和学习的聚集地,是高校风气形成的主要场域,对大学生人际关系形成有重要作用。高校学生人际关系窘境具有鲜明特征,其形成主要原因可以从主客观两层面剖析,本文结合高校学生人际关系窘境现状及原因分析,提出相应的突破途径,帮助高校学生处理人际问题,促进高校学生健康成长发展。%Colleges, as the gathering places for college students' life and learning, are the main places for the formation of college atmosphere, and play an important role in the formation of college students' interpersonal relationship. The predicament of college students' interpersonal relationship has its distinctive features, and the causes of its formation can be analyzed from subjective and objective levels. Combined with the current situation of col-lege students' interpersonal predicament and its causes, the writer proposes corresponding breakthrough approaches, aiming to help college students handle their interpersonal problems and promote their healthy growth and development.

  14. Attachment Anxiety as a Mediator of the Relationship between Interpersonal Trauma and Posttraumatic Symptomatology among College Women

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandberg, David A.; Suess, Eric A.; Heaton, Jessica L.

    2010-01-01

    The identification of variables that mediate the relationship between traumatic life events and posttraumatic symptomatology could help elucidate underlying causal mechanisms and improve therapeutic intervention offered to individuals suffering from posttraumatic stress. The authors examined whether adult attachment, as measured by Brennan, Clark,…

  15. Interpersonal Relationship Concerning Imperial Examinations in The Scholars%论《儒林外史》中与科举有关的人际关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶楚炎

    2015-01-01

    《儒林外史》细致交待了诸多士人之间与科举有关的人际关系,这一科举关系横贯于整个叙事的始终,并关联了小说中的诸多士人,形成了一个广泛、复杂同时又浑然一体的关系网络。从结构上说,科举关系形成了小说的一个内在架构,将不同的小说人物和故事巧妙连缀起来;科举关系在人物塑造方面同样发挥了不可忽视的作用,一些人物形象方面的特质都能在盘根错节的科举关系中找到渊源;就意旨表达而言,科举关系的建构则体现了吴敬梓对于科举制度以及士人命运更深层次的洞悉和叹喟。从某种意义说,科举关系就是“儒林”,《儒林外史》也可以视为一部科举关系如何生成、延伸并网罗着所有士人以及他们赖以生存的伦理秩序共同走向穷途末路的科举关系史。%Interpersonal relationship between scholars concerning imperial examinations has been scrupulously depicted in the novel of The Scholars. The imperial examination relationship can be seen all through the novel, forming an extensive and intricate well-connected network and linking the scholars in the novel. Structurally, the relationship constitutes the internal structure of the novel, weaving the characters and plots perfectly. It also plays an important role in character development, and the special images of the characters can be traced in this relationship. The construct of the imperial examination relationship displays Wu Jingzi’s deep understanding and lamentation toward the imperial examination system and the destinies of the scholars. In a sense, imperial examination relationship is the scholars’ circle, and The Sc holars can be viewed as a history book, exhibiting the formation of imperial examination relationship with the trapped scholars and the ethnic order the scholars would abide by to their dead end.

  16. KEMAMPUAN MENGELOLA KONFLIK INTERPERSONAL DI TEMPAT KERJA DITINJAU DARI PERSEPSI TERHADAP KOMUNIKASI INTERPERSONAL DAN TIPE KEPRIBADIAN EKSTROVERT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tyas Hapsari Dewi

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to determine the relationship between perceptions of interpersonal communication and extrovert personality type with the ability to manage interpersonal conflict in the workplace on employees Editorial Suara Merdeka Semarang. The sample in this study was 60 employees. Major hypothesis in this study is that there is a relationship between perceptions of interpersonal communication and extrovert personality types with the ability to manage interpersonal conflict in the workplace. Minor hypotheses in this study were 1 There is a positive relationship between perceptions of interpersonal communication with the ability to manage interpersonal conflict in the workplace, 2 There is a positive relationship between the extroverted personality type with the ability to manage interpersonal conflict in the workplace. Major hypothesis testing using regression analysis two predictors, the results obtained ry (1-2 = 0.639 with p = 0.000 (p 0,05.

  17. The Effect of Group Psychological Counseling on Improving College Students'Interpersonal Relationship%团体心理辅导对改善大学生人际关系的效果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王月琴; 李海燕

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨团体心理辅导对改善大学生人际关系的效果。方法以校园广播、网络、海报等形式招募团体成员,采用人际关系综合诊断量表和人际信任量表筛选出24名学生,配对分为实验组和对照组各12人,对实验组进行为期6周,每周1次,每次2小时的团体心理辅导。在团体心理辅导结束后,对实验组和对照组进行后测。结果前测结果显示,实验组和对照组在人际关系综合诊断量表和人际信任量表上均无显著差异;后测结果显示,实验组和对照组在人际关系综合诊断量表上存在显著差异(t=-2.99,P<0.01),人际信任量表上不存在显著差异;组内比较,实验组在人际关系综合诊断量表和人际信任量表前后测结果上均存在显著差异(t=6.97,P<0.001;t=-3.28,P<0.01),而对照组在人际关系综合诊断量表和人际信任量表前后测结果上均不存在显著差异。结论团体心理辅导是改善大学生人际关系的有效方式。%Objective To study the effect of group psychological counseling on improving college students 'interpersonal relationship . Methods Through campus radio ,internet and posters with interpersonal comprehensive diagnostic scale and interpersonal trust scale ,a total of 24 college students were selected and divided into experimental group and control group ,the experimental group was carried out , 2 hours each time of group counseling for 6 weeks,once a week.At the end of the group psychological counseling ,the experimental group and control group were tested .Results Before the group psychological counseling ,there were no significant difference on interpersonal relationship and interpersonal trust between two groups;After the group psychological counseling ,there was significant difference in inter-personal relationship between the experimental group and the control group (t =2.99,P<0.01),but no

  18. Associations among teacher-student interpersonal relationships and students’ intrinsic and extrinsic motivation and academic achievement: A cross cultural study

    OpenAIRE

    Chan, Dawn

    2016-01-01

    This cross-cultural study explored associations among teacher-student relationship, students’ intrinsic and extrinsic motivation, and students’ academic achievement in grade 5 and 6 students from Vancouver, Canada (n = 102) and Hong Kong, China (n = 207). Hong Kong students perceived their teachers to be more dissatisfied, strict, admonishing, and uncertain, while Vancouver students perceived their teachers to be more helpful and friendly. Students’ levels of intrinsic and extrinsic motivatio...

  19. Associations among teacher-student interpersonal relationships and students’ intrinsic and extrinsic motivation and academic achievement: A cross cultural study

    OpenAIRE

    Chan, Dawn

    2016-01-01

    This cross-cultural study explored associations among teacher-student relationship, students’ intrinsic and extrinsic motivation, and students’ academic achievement in grade 5 and 6 students from Vancouver, Canada (n = 102) and Hong Kong, China (n = 207). Hong Kong students perceived their teachers to be more dissatisfied, strict, admonishing, and uncertain, while Vancouver students perceived their teachers to be more helpful and friendly. Students’ levels of intrinsic and extrinsic motivatio...

  20. Ethical Issues in Surgical Critical Care: The Complexity of Interpersonal Relationships in the Surgical Intensive Care Unit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sur, Malini D; Angelos, Peter

    2016-08-01

    A major challenge in the era of shared medical decision making is the navigation of complex relationships between the physicians, patients, and surrogates who guide treatment plans for critically ill patients. This review of ethical issues in adult surgical critical care explores factors influencing interactions among the characters most prominently involved in health care decisions in the surgical intensive care unit: the patient, the surrogate, the surgeon, and the intensivist. Ethical tensions in the surgeon-patient relationship in the elective setting may arise from the preoperative surgical covenant and the development of surgical complications. Unlike that of the surgeon, the intensivist's relationship with the individual patient must be balanced with the need to serve other acutely ill patients. Due to their unique perspectives, surgeons and intensivists may disagree about decisions to pursue life-sustaining therapies for critically ill postoperative patients. Finally, although surrogates are asked to make decisions for patients on the basis of the substituted judgment or best interest standards, these models may underestimate the nuances of postoperative surrogate decision making. Strategies to minimize conflicts regarding treatment decisions are centered on early, honest, and consistent communication between all parties.

  1. Interpersonal criticism and the clergy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garner, Randy

    2013-03-01

    Though well-crafted criticism can provide valuable information for the recipient, the abundance of literature finds that criticism is overwhelmingly viewed negatively. The consequences of adverse interpersonal criticism were assessed by a focus group of randomly selected clergy members from a large ministerial alliance. Collectively the focus group revealed that interpersonal criticism can have deleterious vocational, psychological, and health consequence for those in the ministry. Clergy reported that criticism from parishioners, the public, denominational officials, and others adversely affect interpersonal relationships and can lead to stress, burnout, and early departure from the ministry. The participants indicated that current training and resources were inadequate to deal with the issue and further denominational support and seminary education was necessary.

  2. Interpersonal trust and quality-of-life: a cross-sectional study in Japan.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yasuharu Tokuda

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: There is growing interest in psychosocial factors with positive attitudes, such as interpersonal trust, as determinants for Quality-of-life (QOL or subjective well-being. Despite their longevity, Japanese people report a relatively poor subjective well-being, as well as lower interpersonal trust. Our aim in this study was to evaluate the possible association between interpersonal trust and QOL among Japanese people. METHODOLOGY AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Based on the cross-sectional data for Japanese adults (2008, we analyzed the relationship between interpersonal trust and each of four domains of the WHOQOL-BREF. Interpersonal trust was assessed using three scales for trust in people, in human fairness and in human nature. In a total of 1000 participants (mean age: 45 years; 49% women, greater trust was recognized among women (vs. men, those aged 60-69 (vs. 20-29, or the high-income group (vs. low-income. Each of three trust scales was positively correlated with all domains of QOL. Multiple linear-regression models were constructed for each of QOL and the principal component score of the trust scales, adjusted for age, gender, area size of residence, income, education, and occupation. For all QOL domains, interpersonal trust was significantly and positively associated with better QOL with p<0.001 for all four domains including physical, psychological, social, and environmental QOL. Other factors associated with QOL included gender, age class, area size of residence, and income. Education and occupation were not associated with QOL. CONCLUSIONS AND SIGNIFICANCE: Greater interpersonal trust is strongly associated with a better QOL among Japanese adults. If a causal relationship is demonstrated in a controlled interventional study, social and political measures should be advocated to increase interpersonal trust for achieving better QOL.

  3. Interpersonal communication: It's relevance to nursing practice ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Interpersonal communication: It's relevance to nursing practice. ... of the dynamic relationship between clients' potentiality to perceive and be understood ... understanding the needs of the patients and planning effective intervention for meeting ...

  4. Emotional Intelligence and Cross-Cultural Communication Competence: An Analysis of Group Dynamics and Interpersonal Relationships in a Diverse Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Washington, Melvin C.; Okoro, Ephraim A.; Okoro, Sussie U.

    2013-01-01

    This study discusses the significance of emotional intelligence and intercultural communication competence in globally diverse classroom settings. Specifically, the research shows a correlation between degrees of emotional intelligence and human communication competence (age, gender, and culture). The dataset consists of 364 participants. Nearly…

  5. 浅谈现代大学生良好人际关系的建立和维护%Discussion on Building and Maintaining the Good Interpersonal Relationship of Modern Undergraduates

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈静

    2011-01-01

    人际关系是职业生涯中一个非常重要的课题,特别是对大公司企业的职业人士来说,良好的人际关系是舒心工作安心生活的必要条件.当代的大学毕业生,绝大部分是独生子女,面对人际交往有太多的困惑,刚从学校里出来,自我意识较强,来到社会错纵复杂的大环境里,更应在人际关系中调整好自己的坐标.本文主要从大学生走向社会如何建立和维护良好的人际关系两方面阐述了自己的看法.%Interpersonal relationship is an important object of career;, Especially to the office worker, good interpersonal relationship is necessary to happily work and secure life. Because most of modem undergraduates are the only child, they have much confusion when they deal with the interpersonal relationship. They should adjust their own coordinates when they enter into the complex social environment, as they lack social experiment and have relatively high self-awareness. This article presents own views from the perspectives of building and maintaining the good interpersonal relationship for the undergraduates.

  6. Research on the Goal Orientation of College Students' In-terpersonal Relationship under the Background of New Media%新媒体背景下的大学生人际关系目标导向研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵铮; 张仙智; 余嘉; 聂坤

    2016-01-01

    现在的大学生是伴随着新媒体成长起来的一代,他们的学习、社交、生活都与新媒体紧密结合。本文从新媒体应用角度呈现大学生人际关系的实像,进而探索用主体启迪法、情感认同法、环境塑造法、规范导向法来实现大学生人际关系的目标导向,真正使大学生在新媒体下自我完善发展、人际关系合理和谐。%College students are now growing up with new media, and their learning, social relationship and life are closely inte-grated with the new media. It presents the reality of the interper-sonal relationship of college students from the perspective of new media applications, thus exploring the application of subject en-lightenment, emotional identity, environment building and regu-lation orientation in realizing the goal orientation of college stu-dents' interpersonal relationship, and truly promoting the self-improvement and self-development of college students and the rationality and harmony of their interpersonal relationship under the background of new media.

  7. Study for the co-relationship of interpersonal trust and social support for mentally illness%精神病患者人际信任与社会支持相关性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祝勇花

    2012-01-01

    Objective To study the co-relationship interpersonal trust and social support among mental illness. Method 218 mental illness were investigated with questionnaire by interpersonal trust scale and the social support scale respectively. The results were statistically analyzed. Result Overall score of mental illness's interpersonal trust is lower> and interpersonal trust is lows overall score of social support was at a lowest level, social support has certain influence on interpersonal trust, interpersonal trust and social support were positively correlated (r=0. 28,P<0. 001). Conclusion Social support system has effect on the person's interpersonal trust. Nursing staff have establish reasonable and complete social support system for patients for improving their interpersonal trust and reducing the distrust from medical care.%目的 探讨精神疾病患者人际信任与社会支持的相关性.方法 采用描述性相关研究,分别用人际信任量表和社会支持量表,对218例精神疾病患者进行问卷调查,同时对结果进行统计学分析.结果 精神疾病患者人际信任状况总体得分偏低,人际信任度低;社会支持总体得分处于较低支持水平,社会支持对人际信任有一定影响,人际信任与社会支持呈正相关(γ=0.28,P<0.001).结论 社会支持系统会影响患者的人际信任度,护理人员合理地为患者建立完整的社会支持系统,能提升患者的人际信任度,从而降低患者对医护治疗护理的不信任.

  8. Nonverbal Assessment of Interpersonal Affect

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilbert, Gary S.; And Others

    1977-01-01

    Two nonverbal methods for assessing degree of interpersonal attraction--placing representative figures on a ruled board and human figure drawing--were explored. Subjects' scores differed as a function of peer liking on the measures of distance, degree of detail, affective peer drawings and peer drawing articulation. (MV)

  9. A Conceptual Model of Interpersonal Attraction (Centers' Instrumental Theory) Useful in Marriage and Family Counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilgo, Reese D.

    Based upon Maslow's hierarchy of human needs, interpersonal attraction (any personal relationship characterized by love and affection; husband-wife, parent-child, friendship) can be seen as the mutual meeting of emotional needs, especially at the fourth level (love needs) and the fifth level (esteem needs). These levels are differentiated into 10…

  10. A Conceptual Model of Interpersonal Attraction (Centers' Instrumental Theory) Useful in Marriage and Family Counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilgo, Reese D.

    Based upon Maslow's hierarchy of human needs, interpersonal attraction (any personal relationship characterized by love and affection; husband-wife, parent-child, friendship) can be seen as the mutual meeting of emotional needs, especially at the fourth level (love needs) and the fifth level (esteem needs). These levels are differentiated into 10…

  11. Childhood Animal Cruelty Methods and Their Link to Adult Interpersonal Violence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henderson, Brandy B.; Hensley, Christopher; Tallichet, Suzanne E.

    2011-01-01

    Recent research has begun to establish a relationship between childhood acts of animal cruelty and later violence against humans. However, few studies have focused on the influence of animal cruelty methods on later interpersonal violence. In a replication of a study by Hensley and Tallichet (2009) and based on a sample of 180 inmates at medium-…

  12. Childhood Animal Cruelty Methods and Their Link to Adult Interpersonal Violence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henderson, Brandy B.; Hensley, Christopher; Tallichet, Suzanne E.

    2011-01-01

    Recent research has begun to establish a relationship between childhood acts of animal cruelty and later violence against humans. However, few studies have focused on the influence of animal cruelty methods on later interpersonal violence. In a replication of a study by Hensley and Tallichet (2009) and based on a sample of 180 inmates at medium-…

  13. On the Relationship between Interpersonal Self-support and Cooperative Skills of College Students%大学生人际自立与合作技能的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    荣红霞; 戚亚慧; 韦雪艳

    2016-01-01

    目的:调查大学生人际自立及合作技能状况,并探讨人际自立与合作技能之间的关系。方法:采用人际自立和合作技能量表对664名大学生进行调查。结论:大学生的人际自立水平和合作技能都有提升的空间,可以从多角度着手,创设更多空间让其构建自身的人际网络,进而提升学生的合作能力。%Objective:To investigate the status of college students' interpersonal self-support and cooperative skills and explore the relationship between them. Method:The Interpersonal Self-Sup-port Scale for Adolescent Students and Cooperative Skill Scale were used to investigate 664 college students. Conclusion:There is still room for improvement in both interpersonal self-support and cooperative skills of college students, and we can start from multiple angles to create more space to construct college students' interpersonal networks and thus to improve their cooperative skills.

  14. The Influence of Parents’ Educational Mode on Undergraduates’ Interpersonal Relationship%父母教育方式对大学生人际关系的影响研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丽芳; 王志波

    2013-01-01

    To investigate the influence of parents ’ educational mode on undergraduates ’ interpersonal relationship , a total of 582 undergraduate students were evaluated with the scale of interpersonal relationship and self basic information sheet in this study .The results showed that students whose parents used democratic educational mode had significantly lower scores than those whose parents used the other three educational modes in talking , making friends , ways of getting along with others and interpersonal synthesis.The scores of students ’whose parents used different educational modes were not have significantly difference in oppo -site-sex communication.Thus it could be seen that parents ’ educational mode had a significant impact on undergraduates ’ inter-personal relationship , the democratic educational mode was conducive to decrease the undergraduates ’ puzzles in interpersonal relationship and improve their interpersonal skill.%本文采用人际关系问卷及自编基本情况调查表对582名大学生进行调查,考查了父母教育方式对普通高校大学生人际关系的影响作用。结果显示,父母采用民主型教育方式下的大学生在交谈、交友、待人接物三个因子和人际综合方面的得分显著低于接受其他教育方式的大学生;在异性交往方面,不同的父母教育方式之间无显著差异。由此可见,父母亲的教育方式对大学生人际关系有显著影响,民主型教育方式有助于减少大学生人际困扰的出现,提高他们的人际交往能力。

  15. Elements of Interpersonal Communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keltner, John W.

    Fundamental to this books is an understanding of the self and the other in the societal context of interpersonal communication. The book develops a concept of interpersonal communication which encompasses the utilitarian, the artistic, and the therapeutic functions interpersonal interaction peforms. Inherent in the development of all three…

  16. Teachers' interpersonal role identity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Want, Anna C.; den Brok, Perry; Beijaard, Douwe; Brekelmans, Mieke; Claessens, Luce C A; Pennings, Helena J M

    2014-01-01

    This article investigates the link between teachers' appraisal of specific interpersonal situations in classrooms and their more general interpersonal identity standard, which together form their interpersonal role identity. Using semi-structured and video-stimulated interviews, data on teachers' ap

  17. Teachers' Interpersonal Role Identity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Want, Anna C.; den Brok, Perry; Beijaard, Douwe; Brekelmans, Mieke; Claessens, Luce C A; Pennings, Helena J M

    2015-01-01

    This article investigates the link between teachers' appraisal of specific interpersonal situations in classrooms and their more general interpersonal identity standard, which together form their interpersonal role identity. Using semi-structured and video-stimulated interviews, data on teachers' ap

  18. Interpersonal self-support and attentional disengagement from emotional faces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xia, Ling-Xiang; Shi, Xu-Liang; Zhang, Ran-Ran; Hollon, Steven D

    2015-01-08

    Prior studies have shown that interpersonal self-support is related to emotional symptoms. The present study explored the relationship between interpersonal self-support and attentional disengagement from emotional faces. A spatial cueing task was administrated to 21 high and 24 low interpersonal self-support Chinese undergraduate students to assess difficulty in shifting away from emotional faces. The Sidak corrected multiple pairwise tests revealed that the low interpersonal self-support group had greater response latencies on negative faces than neutral faces or positive faces in the invalid cues condition, F(2, 41) = 5.68, p interpersonal self-support group responded more slowly than the high interpersonal self-support group to negative faces, F(1, 42) = 7.63, p interpersonal self-support is related to difficulty disengaging from negative emotional information and suggest that interpersonal self-support may refer to emotional dispositions, especially negative emotional dispositions.

  19. Global interpersonal inequality: Trends and measurement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Niño-Zarazúa, Miguel; Roope, Laurence; Tarp, Finn

    This paper discusses different approaches to the measurement of global interpersonal in equality. Trends in global interpersonal inequality during 1975-2005 are measured using data from UNU-WIDER’s World Income Inequality Database. In order to better understand the trends, global interpersonal...... inequality is decomposed into within-country and between-country inequality. The paper illustrates that the relationship between global interpersonal inequality and these constituent components is a complex one. In particular, we demonstrate that the changes in China’s and India’s income distributions over...... the past 30 years have simultaneously caused inequality to rise domestically in those countries, while tending to reduce global inter-personal inequality. In light of these findings, we reflect on the meaning and policy relevance of global vis-à-vis domestic inequality measures...

  20. 浅议大学生宿舍关系紧张的原因和对策%The reason and the countermeasure of college students' tense interpersonal relationship in dormitory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶丽霞

    2012-01-01

      The contemporary university students affected by society, school, family and self and other aspects, many college students have interpersonal difficulties, and because the time in university life in the dormitory is much higher than other activities, so deal with interpersonal relationship in dormitory is particularly important. This article through the questionnaire of college students to investigate, concluding the main aspects of the student dormitory relationship conflict, and put forward the corresponding suggestions and countermeasures, in order to provide theoretical guidance for college students in the processing interpersonal relationship in dormitory.%  当代90后大学生受到社会、学校、家庭和自我等多方面的影响,很多大学生存在人际交往困难,又因为大学生活中在宿舍活动的时间要远多于其他活动,所以处理好宿舍人际关系尤为重要。本文通过自制问卷对我院在校住宿学生进行调查,总结得出学生宿舍关系的矛盾冲突的主要方面,提出相应建议与对策,以期为大学生在处理宿舍人际关系时提供理论指导。

  1. Reflections on College Apartment Counselor Processing Dormitory Conflicts and Constructing Harmonious Interpersonal Relationship%关于高校公寓辅导员处理寝室矛盾及构建和谐人际关系的几点思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林芳君

    2012-01-01

    寝室人际关系是大学生人际关系的重要组成部分,和谐的寝室人际关系有利于大学生的学习、生活。本文从公寓辅导员角度出发,分析寝室矛盾的主要特征,探讨寝室矛盾的处理及和谐人际关系构建的对策。%Dormitory interpersonal relationship is an important part of College Students' interpersonal relationship.Harmonious interpersonal relationship is conducive to students in learning and life.This article,from the point of apartment counselor,analyses the main characteristics of dormitory conflicts and explores the countermeasures on the processing of the dormitory conflicts and the constructing of the harmonious interpersonal relationship.

  2. 略论我国社会转型期新型人际关系%Analysis of new types of interpersonal relationship over the period of social transition in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丽; 辛全明; 李宇征

    2015-01-01

    Under the background of social transition in China, the subject and media of interpersonal communication is diversifying, with broader ranges and higher level of civilization. On this basis, new type of interpersonal relationship of harmonious, contractual and network relationship has formed. Specifically, mutual benefit relationship is forming between labours, service relationship between cadres and the masses, and common prosperity relationship between classes. These new types of interpersonal relationship have far-reaching practical significance in promoting the development of a market economy and democratic politics, leading cultural prosperity and building a harmonious society.%在当今社会转型的背景下,我国人际交往的主体日趋多元,人际交往的媒介更加多样,人际交往的范围日益宽广,人际交往的文明程度更高。在此基础上我国总体上形成了和谐关系、契约关系、网缘关系等新型人际关系。具体领域劳资之间形成了互利关系,干群之间形成了服务关系,阶层之间形成了共富关系。这些新型人际关系的产生对于促进市场经济发展,推动民主政治建设、引领文化繁荣和构建和谐社会具有非常重要的现实意义。

  3. Human Rights, Human Needs, Human Development, Human Security - Relationships between four international human discourses.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D.R. Gasper (Des)

    2007-01-01

    markdownabstractAbstract: Human rights, human development and human security form increasingly important, partly interconnected, partly competitive and misunderstood ethical and policy discourses. Each tries to humanize a pre-existing and unavoidable major discourse of everyday life, policy and

  4. 高职学生人际关系对人格特质的影响研究%Research on the Effect of Interpersonal Relationship of Vocational Students on Their Personality Traits

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏娟娟

    2011-01-01

    本文通过对高职学生的人际关系和人格特质进行实证性调查,分析结果表明人格特质对人际交往能力有较好的预测作用。因此良好人格特质的塑造要借助于有针对性的人际关系训练,在精神质人格特质方面应该注重人际交友技能的训练,在神经质人格特质方面注重待人接物的训练,在内外向的人格特质方面则侧重与异性的交往。%This paper conducts an empirical survey on the interpersonal relationship and the personality traits of vocational students and comes to the result as the followings: vocational students' personality traits have a better prediction effect on their ability of interpersonal communication.Therefore,various training of the interpersonal relationship will help the cultivation of good personality.The psychoticism needs more skill training of making friends,the neuroticism should pay more attention to the manners of dealing with persons,and the extraversion should focus on associating with different sex.

  5. 关于构建和谐大学生宿舍人际关系的几点思考%About some thoughts on the construction of a harmonious college student dormitory interpersonal relationship

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵平; 张晨

    2016-01-01

    The dormitory interpersonal relationship is an important part of dormitory culture.Harmonious dormitory interpersonal relationship are college students concentrate on learning,happy life and healthy development of the necessary conditions.As a special group,in the face of the fierce social competition, collegestudents' interpersonal interaction in the dormitory,there are many problemsinprocessing good disharmonious factors exist that affect college students dormitoryis of great significance to promote the development of students' quality.%宿舍人际关系是宿舍文化的重要组成部分。和谐的宿舍人际关系是大学生专心学习、快乐生活与健康发展的必要条件。作为一个特殊群体,面对激烈的社会竞争,大学生在宿舍人际交往中存在着许多问题,处理好影响大学生宿舍的不和谐因素对于促进学生素质的发展具有重要意义。

  6. On the Research of Dormitory Interpersonal Relationship of College Students and Its Countermeasures%大学生宿舍人际关系调查及对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯丽君

    2014-01-01

    近年来因大学生宿舍人际关系不和谐造成了一些不良事件,引发了全社会的关注。通过问卷调查分析大学生宿舍人际关系存在的主要问题和导致大学生人际矛盾的原因,探讨一些应对策略,以期帮助大学生提高人际交往能力,改善大学生的心理健康状况,构建和谐校园。%The whole society has paid more attention to the negative issues caused by disharmony college students’ interpersonal relationship in college dormitory. This paper uses self-made questionnaire to investigate college students’ dormitory interpersonal relationship; reasons of the conflicts; proposes some practical countermeasures to help college students improve their interpersonal communication skills; improves college students’ mental health condition, aims to construct harmonious campus.

  7. Interpersonal Functions of Doctor-Patient Conversations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王璇

    2013-01-01

    As an indispensable part of medical practice. doctor-patient conversation is drawing more and more attention in the field of sociology, psychology and linguistics. Little attention, however, has been paid to the interpersonal aspect of the conversa⁃tion between doctors and patients, which is regarded as one of the most complex interpersonal relationships. Being dominant in the interaction, doctors’words, mainly in the form of questions, deserve more studies, especially for the interpersonal functions delivered. This study mainly focuses on this aspect.

  8. 案例报告:高职女生人际关系引起的一般心理问题%A Case Report:Common Psychological Problems Caused by a Higher Vocational Female Student's Interpersonal Relationship

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄真

    2016-01-01

    人际关系问题是现代大学生常见的心理问题,本案例记述了一位高职女生人际交往不良的问题,记述了咨询师从建立关系、检查诊断、明确目标、选定方案、到追踪反馈、巩固咨询成效,所经历的心理咨询的全过程。%Interpersonal problems are common psychological problems of contemporary college students. This case is about a higher vocational female student's abnormal interpersonal rela-tionship, recording the entire process of the psychological coun-seling including relation establishment, examination and diagno-sis, clarification of the objective, selection of the scheme, feed-back and consolidation of the counseling result.

  9. Relationship Power Among Same-Sex Male Couples in New York and San Francisco: Laying the Groundwork for Sexual Risk Reduction Interventions Focused on Interpersonal Power.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dworkin, Shari L; Zakaras, Jennifer M; Campbell, Chadwick; Wilson, Patrick; Grisham, Kirk; Chakravarty, Deepalika; Neilands, Torsten B; Hoff, Colleen

    2017-02-16

    Research is clear that power differentials between women and men shape women's human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) risks; however, little research has attempted to examine power differentials within same-sex male (SSM) couples and whether these influence sexual risk outcomes. To produce the first quantitative scale that measures power in SSM relationships, the current work was a Phase 1 qualitative study that sought to understand domains of relationship power and how power operated in the relationship among 48 Black, White, and interracial (Black-White) SSM couples recruited from San Francisco and New York. Interview domains were focused on definitions of power and perceptions of how power operated in the relationship. Findings revealed that couples described power in three key ways: as power exerted over a partner through decision-making dominance and relationship control; as power to accomplish goals through personal agency; and as couple-level power. In addition, men described ways that decision-making dominance and relationship control could be enacted in the relationship-through structural resources, emotional and sexual influence, and gender norm expectations. We discuss the implications of these findings for sexual risks and HIV care and treatment with SSM couples that are focused on closing gaps in power.

  10. 大学生和谐人际关系的形象构建--基于印象管理的社会学分析%Image Construction of Harmonious Interpersonal Relationship of College Students---A Impression Management-based Sociological Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李飞

    2013-01-01

      人际关系和谐对大学生成长成才至关重要。现有的对大学生人际关系问题的探讨主要偏重于综述、特殊性分析和归因分析,对怎样构建和谐的大学生人际关系具有推动力。然而,对于人际关系的“第一印象”却鲜有研究,在人际互动中,“第一印象”开启了人际互动程序,其好坏如何直接影响人际互动的持续性、愉悦性,决定着人际关系和谐与否。戈夫曼将舞台戏剧表演嵌入对人的互动行为研究,运化出印象管理理论,对大学生和谐人际关系的形象构建具有指导意义。%Harmonious interpersonal relationship is of great importance for the growth of college students .The discussion on college students ’ interpersonal relationship in previous studies emphasizes more on the review , special analysis and causal analysis ,which are impetus of constructing harmonious interpersonal relationship of college students .However ,the first impression of interpersonal relationship has been rarely studied .In interper-sonal interaction ,the first impression opens interaction and dynamic program ,whose quality directly impacts the persistence ,pleasantness and harmony of interpersonal relationship .Goffman got the behavior of stage drama embedded in the study of interpersonal relationship and applied the impression management theory , which is instructive to construct harmonious interpersonal relationships of college students .

  11. 关系重构与技巧训练--人际认知问题解决视野下的心理治疗%Relationship Reconstruction and Skill Training:Psychotherapy from the Perspective of Interpersonal Cognitive Problem Solving

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付翠

    2016-01-01

    Interpersonal cognitive problem-solving therapy is an important paradigm of the contemporary cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy system. It is built on such a notion that“the problems that people face are all related to interpersonal relationships”,so it attaches great importance to the relationship factors of interpersonal problems,emphasizing the orientation towards the problem-solving process and focusing on developing the mode of alternative thinking. And on the basis of relationship reconstruction intended to overcome the patients' ill social adaptation,this paper puts forward that we can provide the patients with special training to help them acquire the skills needed in solving the problems with interpersonal adaptation,so as to provide a new direction for the integration and development of the modern psychotherapy paradigm.%人际认知问题解决是基于认知—行为心理治疗体系的一个重要范式,它建立在“人们所面临的问题都是人际关系问题”这一认识基础之上,因此它重视人际问题产生的关系因素,强调问题解决的过程定向,注重可选择性的问题解决思维方式的形成,并在对患者社会适应不良状况进行关系重建的基础上提出针对性的问题解决技巧训练以解决人际适应不良问题,从而为当代心理治疗范式的整合与发展提供了新取向。

  12. Study on Subjective Well-being and Interpersonal Relationship of College Students%大学生主观幸福感与人际关系的相关研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺腾飞

    2013-01-01

    To understand the students' subjective well-being statements and further explore the relationship between the students' subjective well-being and interpersonal relationships, then provide reference for theiy dealing with interpersonal relationships. Adopt the Overall Well-being Scale(GWB)amended by January Dugan and the Interpersonal Diagnostic Scale compiled by Jung Chang and others. Then randomly survey and analyse the students in Shanxi Datong University. (1) Students'subjective well-being is relatively high(M=101.17),and satisfied with the present situation of life.(2) Students have little interpersonal distress(M=8.11), and their communication ability is stronger.(3) Students'subjective well-being and interpersonal relationships tress are negative related (R=-0.508, p<0.01) and 25.8%of the variance in subjective well-being can be explained by interpersonal distress. (1) Students'subjective well-being in the medium is at high level.(2) Students have few prob-lem in relationships, and they have strong communication skills. (3) The better college students' interpersonal relationship, the stronger their subjective sense of happiness.%目的:通过了解大学生主观幸福感现状,进一步探讨大学生主观幸福感与人际关系之间的关系,为大学生人际关系的处理提供借鉴。方法:采用段建华修订的总体幸福感量表(GWB)和郑日昌等编制的人际关系综合诊断量表,随机对山西大同大学学生进行问卷调查与分析。结果:(1)大学生主观幸福感较高(M=101.17),对生活现状比较满意;(2)大学生存在的人际关系困扰不大(M=8.11),交往能力较强;(3)大学生主观幸福感与人际关系困扰存在显著负相关(R=-0.510, p<0.01),主观幸福感中25.9%的变异可以被人际关系困扰程度所解释。(1)大学生主观幸福感处于中上等水平;(2)大学生存在的人际关系困扰较

  13. 高职新生宿舍人际关系现状调查分析%Investigation and Analysis of Current Situation of Vocational College Freshmen Dormitory Interpersonal Relationship

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王瑞荣

    2014-01-01

    A problem that every enrolled higher Vocational Education school students , especially Freshman must be faced with the dormitory interpersonal relationship. Higher vocational students spend much time in dormitory, dormitory is a necessary site of living and learning. Therefore, the membership relationship in the same dormitory is the main after-class relationship of higher vocational students except learning . This paper uses the sample investigation, self-designed questionnaire to investigate and analyze the status of the vocational col ege students dormitory interpersonal relationship, provides some references to help Vocational Education freshmen to establish good dormitory interpersonal relationship .%高职生特别是大一新生进入大学期间,每个人所必须面对的问题是宿舍的人际关系。宿舍成为高职生除课堂外活动时间最多的空间,是其生活和学习的必要场所。因此,与同宿舍其他成员之间的关系成了高职生除了学习之外课余生活的主要关系。本文采用抽样调查,自行设计问卷的方式调查并分析了我院高职新生宿舍人际关系的现状,为高职新生建立良好宿舍人际关系提供一些参考作用。

  14. Increasing interpersonal trust through divergent thinking

    OpenAIRE

    Roberta eSellaro; Bernhard eHommel; de Kwaadsteniet, Erik W.; Colzato, Lorenza S.

    2014-01-01

    Interpersonal trust is an essential ingredient of many social relationships but how stable is it actually, and how is it controlled? There is evidence that the degree of trust into others might be rather volatile and can be affected by manipulations like drawing attention to personal interdependence or independence. Here we investigated whether the degree of interpersonal trust can be biased by inducing either a more integrative or a more focused/exclusive cognitive control mode by means of a...

  15. Study on interpersonal relationship, self-esteem situation and their influencing factors among vocational college students%高职学生人际关系和自尊现况及其影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祁秦; 黄志伟; 陈燕; 倪仕钢; 丁伶灵; 宋秀丽; 唐慧; 姚应水

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨高职院校学生人际关系和自尊现况及其影响因素.方法 采用整群抽样方法调查安徽省2所高职院校3867名学生,探讨其人际关系与自尊现状及其影响因素.结果 高职学生人际困扰检出率为36.6%,男性人际关系困扰得分高于女生(t=3.43,P=0.001);男女间自尊水平差异无统计学意义(t=0.730,P=0.465).独生子女与非独生子女自尊水平和人际关系困扰间差异均有统计学意义(均有P<0.05).在自尊和人际关系困扰上,不同生源地、不同朋友数量间差异均有统计学意义(均有P<0.05).结论 高职学生人际困扰检出率较高,影响高职学生人际关系和自尊水平的因素较多,有待进一步研究.%Objective To assess interpersonal relation and self-esteem state of vocational college students, and to provide a scientific basis for carrying out appropriate mental health education for higher vocational colleges. Methods The interpersonal relationship, self-esteem situation and some relevant factors of 3 867 students in two vocational colleges in An-hui Province were investigated through a cluster sampling method. Results The rate of interpersonal relationship disturbance in higher vocational students was 36. 6% , male students was higher than females (t = 3. 43 , P = 0.001). There were significant differences between non-only-child students and only-child students in self-esteem and manner of dealing with people (all F<0.05). Different number of close friends and family residences showed significant different in self-esteem and interpersonal relation (all P<0.05). Conclusions The rate of interpersonal relationship disturbance in higher vocational students is higher, and they are affected by multiple factor. It remains to be further in-depth research.

  16. 医学生人际信任与领悟社会支持状况分析%Analysis on relationship between medical students'interpersonal trust and comprehending social support

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭成

    2015-01-01

    目的:了解医学生人际信任与领悟社会支持状况,探讨社会支持与人际信任的关系,为高校大学生心理健康教育工作的开展提供依据。方法采用领悟社会支持量表( PSSS )、人际信任量表( ITS)为调查工具,通过整群抽样,对安徽省某医学院校617名医学生进行调查。结果医学生的人际信任(77.75±8.03)处中等水平。领悟社会支持(65.54±9.24)处于中等偏上水平。领悟社会支持与人际信任呈负相关。结论医学生的人际信任、领悟社会支持受性别、年级、身体状况、成绩等因素的影响,领悟社会支持是影响医学生人际信任的个体内部心理因素。%Objective To comprehend the medico interpersonal trust and perceived social support status , to discuss the relationship between social support and interpersonal trust , so as to provide the basis for developing mental health education of College students .Methods PSSS and ITS were employed in the research , and 617 medico of a medical school in Anhui province sampled as the research objects .Results Medical interpersonal trust were in the medium level (77.75 ±8.03), while their perception of social support were above the medium level(65.54 ±9.24).Perception of social support was negatively correlated with interpersonal trust .Conclusions Medical interpersonal trust and perception of social support are influenced by factors of gender , grade, grades in class, physical condition etc .Perception of social support is an inner factor in influencing medico interpersonal trust.

  17. Dialogue as interpersonal synergy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fusaroli, Riccardo; Raczaszek-Leonardi, Joanna; Tylén, Kristian

    2014-01-01

    dialogue based on the notion of interpersonal synergy. Crucial to this synergetic model is the emphasis on dialogue as an emergent, self-organizing, interpersonal system capable of functional coordination. A consequence of this model is that linguistic processes cannot be reduced to the workings...... of individual cognitive systems but must be approached also at the interpersonal level. From such a perspective follows a number of new predictions: beyond simple synchrony, dialogue affords complementary dynamics, constrained by contextual sensitivity and functional specificity. We substantiate our arguments...... by reference to recent empirical studies supporting the idea of dialogue as interpersonal synergy....

  18. Teachers' Interpersonal Style and Its Relationship to Emotions, Causal Attributions, and Type of Challenging Behaviors Displayed by Students with Intellectual Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alevriadou, Anastasia; Pavlidou, Kyriaki

    2016-01-01

    Teachers' interpersonal style is a new field of research in the study of students with intellectual disabilities and challenging behaviors in school context. In the present study, we investigate emotions and causal attributions of three basic types of challenging behaviors: aggression, stereotypy, and self-injury, in relation to teachers'…

  19. Human Rights, Human Needs, Human Development, Human Security : Relationships between four international 'human' discourses

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D.R. Gasper (Des)

    2007-01-01

    textabstractHuman rights, human development and human security form increasingly important, partly interconnected, partly competitive and misunderstood ethical and policy discourses. Each tries to humanize a pre-existing and unavoidable major discourse of everyday life, policy and politics; each

  20. Using literature to explore interpersonal theory: Representation of rhetorical objectification and oppression

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thompson Carol

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This essay explains pedagogical experiment at the University of Arkansas at Little Rock using a piece of literature as a case study to examine interpersonal-communication concepts and to emphasize a course theme of objectification of other human beings. The course, entitled Rhetoric and Communication, has two co-instructors. One instructor is from Rhetoric and Writing, the other is from Communication. This essay reviews the course they teach, along with the readings they require, and it selects The Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka, to illustrate how interpersonal themes play out in a literary text and how objectification thwarts deeply personal values. Initially, the essay summarizes key interpersonal concepts (schema theory, coordinated management of meaning, the work of Martin Buber, and Knapp’s work on relationship stages. It then considers students’ work as they produce a “filtered” summary, a summary that endeavors to apply the interpersonal concepts being studied to Kafka’s work. Finally, it explains how summaries work, the “passage hunt” exercise, and how text-based class discussions can lead to lively discussion, robust student writing and a richer understanding of interpersonal concepts as well as the part objectification plays in damaging relationships. Thus, the paper illustrates several pedagogical strategies as it explores how The Metamorphosis becomes a literary case study that answers the question: how did this fictional family create communication that resulted in such communicative tragedy?

  1. The survey and analysis of Technical School students' love attitude and interpersonal relationship in Guangzhou%广州市某技工学校学生恋爱态度与人际交往的相关研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张韬; 黄启辉; 宋迎秋

    2012-01-01

    Objective Search students' situation of love attitude and interpersonal relationships in Technical School, lay a foundation for love education. Methods 1500 students in one Technical School in Guangzhou were investigated with quota and stratified sampling. Results Overall, the love attitude scores of students of Technical School is 84. S, being partial to realistic; and there are interpersonal relationships' trouble, the score is 9.5. Female is more reality than male in love attitude ( P <0.01), but less trouble than male in interpersonal relationships ( P < 0.01) ; students in grade one secondary vocation is markedly difference with other grade's in chatting trouble (P <0.05) ; students in Service Department is markedly difference with other department' s in love attitude and interpersonal relationships (P < 0.01) j the more reality the love attitude is, the less interpersonal relationships trouble is; and factor of social activities confusion (t = - 3. 861) and factor of communication with people of the opposite sex confusion (t= -3.461) have affection for love attitude (P<0.01). Conclusion Love attitude is closely related to interpersonal relationships, and the love education to Technical School students should guide and correct their love attitude through teaching the skill of communication.%目的 探讨技工学校学生恋爱态度的现状及其与人际交往的关系,为对技工学校学生进行恋爱教育提供依据.方法 采用分层配额抽样方法,对广州市某技工学校1500名学生进行问卷调查.结果 广州市某技工学校学生恋爱态度平均得分为84.5分,总体偏向现实;人际关系平均得分为9.5分,总体存在一定人际交往困扰.女生的恋爱态度比男生现实,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01),人际交往困扰比男生少,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);中职一年级学生与其他年级学生相比,在交谈困扰上差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);现代服务系学生与其他系部

  2. 医学院校人际关系与交往艺术选修课程教学的思考%Thinking on the teaching of elective course named interpersonal relationship and art of intercourse in medical colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾丽芳; 黄谨耘; 陆爱平; 肖灿华

    2009-01-01

    目的 探讨医学院校人际关系与交往艺术选修课程的教学方法与教学效果.方法 采用教师讲授与演示相结合、案例分析法、模拟教学法、游戏教学法、实践训练教学法等多种教学方法,并对选修本门课程的学生进行问卷调查以了解教学效果.结果 学生对本门课程的教学感到满意,认为教学内容实用,扩展了他们人际交往方面的知识,提高了他们的人际交往能力.结论 医学院校开设人际关系与交往艺术课程非常必要,学生通过学习,可以奠定良好的人际交往认知基础,掌握人际交往的基本原则和方法,懂得人际交往的基本礼仪知识;而教师良好的教学艺术及行为,以及针对不同的教学内容采用适宜的教学方法是提高教学效果、实现教学目标的重要保证.%Objective To explore on the teaching method and teaching effect of the elective course named interpersonal relationship and art of intercourse in medical colleges.Method Various teaching methods including lecture with demonstration,case analysis,simulated,games and practice were applied.Questionnaire was used to know about the students' opinion on the teaching.Results The students were satisfied with the teaching and they considered that the teaching contents were practical and helpful to increase their knowledge of interpersonal communication and to develop their communication ability in the future.Conclusions It is necessary to estabhsh the elective course of interpersonal relationship and art of intercourse.Through learning the students can establish good cognition basis of interpersonal communication,master the basic principies and methods of interpersonal communication and know the basic proprieties knowledge.It is an important guarantee to improve teaching effect and achieve the teaching goal that teachers with good teaching art and behavior design appropriate teaching method for different teaching contents.

  3. 人际关系对大专护生实习效果影响的质性研究%Effect of interpersonal relationship on clinical practice outcome of associate degree nursing students: A qualitative study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐然; 沈军

    2014-01-01

    目的 构建适用于大专护生的人际关系内涵的诠释理论.方法 采用扎根理论研究法对10名大专生进行深度访谈,经过三级编码和反复比较,确定大专生临床实习中的人际关系内涵.结果 本研究形成的人际关系内涵,核心概念为“获得归属感”,主要受到带教老师、护士长、患者及家属、本科实习生、医生的影响.结论 根据该诠释理论,可构建和谐的临床实习人际关系,提高实习效果.%Objective To construct interpretation theory which is suitable to explain the connotation of interpersonal relationship among associate degree nursing students.Methods The data were collected through deep interviews.The content of interpersonal relationship was affirmed by three-level coding and comparing repeatedly.Results The core concept was "gaining a feeling of belonging" and it could be affected by 5 generic concepts including clinical teachers,head nurses,baccalaureate degree nursing students,patients and doctors.Conclusions Harmonious interpersonal relationship can be built according to the theory of interpretation and practice outcomes can be improved.

  4. Increasing interpersonal trust through divergent thinking

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberta eSellaro

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Interpersonal trust is an essential ingredient of many social relationships but how stable is it actually, and how is it controlled? There is evidence that the degree of trust into others might be rather volatile and can be affected by manipulations like drawing attention to personal interdependence or independence. Here we investigated whether the degree of interpersonal trust can be biased by inducing either a more integrative or a more cognitive-control mode by means of a creativity task requiring divergent or convergent thinking, respectively. Participants then performed the Trust Game, which provides an index of interpersonal trust by assessing the money units one participant (the trustor transfers to another participant (the trustee. As expected, participants transferred significantly more money to the trustee after engaging in divergent thinking as compared to convergent thinking. This observation provides support for the idea that interpersonal trust is controlled by domain-general (i.e., not socially dedicated cognitive states.

  5. Why Interpersonal Communication?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ilardo, Joseph A.

    1972-01-01

    After distinguishing between interpersonal communication and public speaking, the author argues that interpersonal communication has emerged because we are living in an age of changing values, myths and symbols. These changes create anxiety, which in turn creates a need for therapy. (Editor)

  6. Human relationships: an exploration of loneliness and touch.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Playfair, Catherine

    The aim of this article is to provide a cursory review of some of the literature relating to loneliness, existentialism and touch. With reference to the critical incident analysis (see Box 1), a reflection on the learning that has been achieved both intrapersonally and interpersonally will also be provided. A consideration of how exactly this experience of structured reflection may be used to enhance and develop practice will also be explored. The review will analyze the key concepts of loneliness, existentialism, the therapeutic relationship and touch within the realms of nursing practice, specifically in relation to death and dying. This article seeks to highlight the importance of having an understanding of loneliness in nursing, particularly when caring for patients who are dying.

  7. 护理本科生人际困扰与家庭亲密度和适应性及其相关性%Association of interpersonal relationship with family cohesion and adaptability among college students of nursing major

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李业平; 刘涛; 施星明

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To explore the association of interpersonal relationship with family cohesion and adaptability among college students of nursing major. Methods: Two hundred and twenty-five nursing major freshmen and sophomores who scored no less than 9 on the interpersonal relationship scale were selected to fill out the social anxiety scale, the social avoidance and distress scale, and the family cohesion and adaptability scale. Results:No statistically significant differences were found across grades regarding interpersonal relationship, actual family cohesion, actual adaptability, ideal family cohesion and ideal adaptability ( P >0. 05). However, there were significant gender differences in interpersonal relationship ( P 测评得分≥9分225人,同时完成交往焦虑量表、社交回避及苦恼量表、家庭亲密度和适应性量表.结果:不同年级在人际关系、实际家庭亲密度、适应性、理想亲密度、适应性及不满意度等差异均无统计学意义(P>0.05),男女生人际关系间差异有统计学意义(P<0.01),人际关系与交往焦虑、社交回避、社交苦恼、社交总分均呈正相关关系(P<0.01),人际关系与理想适应性呈负相关关系(P<0.01);实际亲密度、实际适应性均低于常模(P<0.01);理想亲密度、理想适应性及亲密度不满意度(理想亲密度与实际亲密度的差值)、适应性不满意度(理想适应与实际适应的差值)均高于常模(P<0.01).结论:护理本科生人际困扰者家庭亲密度和适应性较低,男生较女生人际困扰严重,人际困扰愈严重其家庭理想适应性愈低,因此对人际困扰者开展家庭干预非常必要.

  8. The ethics of human-robot relationships

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Graaf, de Maartje M.A.

    2015-01-01

    Currently, human-robot interactions are constructed according to the rules of human-human interactions inviting users to interact socially with robots. Is there something morally wrong with deceiving humans into thinking they can foster meaningful interactions with a technological object? Or is this

  9. Cognition, affection and interpersonal relationship of women with bipolar disorder / Cognição, afeto e relacionamento interpessoal de mulheres com transtorno afetivo bipolar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carla Luciano Codani Hisatugo

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The bipolar affective disorder induces incapacitation and social isolation, and might lead to suicide. It was a clinical study of multiple cases using the following instruments: Beck Depression Inventory (BDI, Beck Suicide Inventory (BSI, Hamilton Scale of Depression (HAM-D and the Rorschach, by Exner's Comprehensive System (CS. The objective was to analyze the affective, cognitive and interpersonal aspects of the patients. Four female out-patients who were previously diagnosed as bipolar depressive, by the Psychiatry Interview according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (SCIDI/CV-DSM-IV criteria were studied. Results had indicated undervalued feelings about themselves, euphoric contents and lack of insight about the self-tolerance related to stress controls. Emotional and cognitive aspects have influenced the interpersonal context leading to increased suffering. Other qualitative and clinic data have been observed and commented.

  10. How do medical students differ in their interpersonal needs?

    OpenAIRE

    Hur, Yera; Cho, A Ra; Huh, Sun; Kim, Sun

    2017-01-01

    Background Knowing one’s interpersonal relationship preferences can be tremendously helpful for medical students’ lives. The purpose of this study was to examine the interpersonal needs in medical students. Methods Between 2010 and 2015, a total of 877 students from four Korean medical schools took the Korean version of the Fundamental Interpersonal Relations Orientation – Behaviour (FIRO-B) scale. The FIRO-B results were analyzed by descriptive statistics, frequency, independent t-test, and ...

  11. Sharp interpersonal skills: your key to business success.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Just, K

    1999-05-01

    In today's more participative work environments, it is more important than ever to have strong interpersonal skills. Several recent studies cite interpersonal skills as a critical element in the selection of leader's in today's organizations. No longer are we relying upon power and control, but rather on empowerment and commitment. This article deals with building interpersonal working relationships, the type that helps to create synergy and teamwork within a workgroup or organization.

  12. 护理专业本科生人际关系状况及影响因素研究%Surveys of interpersonal relationship and influencing factors among nursing un-de rg raduates

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈方煜; 李业平; 侯正华

    2014-01-01

    Objective To explore interpersonal relationship and influencing factors among nursing under-graduates .Methods Assessments were conducted with the Comprehensive Diagnostic Scale of Interper-sonal Relationship (CDSIR) ,Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90) ,Interaction Anxiousness Scale (IAS) ,So-cial Avoidance and Distress Scale (SADS) ,Family Assessment Device (FAD) and Family Adaptability and Cohesion Scale (FACES) among 1094 nursing undergraduates .Results 22 .1 percent of the students had different levels of interpersonal dilemmas ;the total score of the CDSIR was notably related to all SCL-90 , IAS ,SADS ,FAD and FACES score (P<0 .01);stepwise regression analysis showed that the total score of the CDSIR was negatively related to somatization ,problem-solving and real intimacy factor notably (P<0 .05 or 0 .01) and positively to compulsion ,interpersonal sensitivity ,psychotic ,communication , role ,emotional response factor ,SADS and IAS score (P<0 .05 or 0 .01) .Conclusion Partial nursing un-dergraduates have varying degrees of interpersonal dilemmas ,influencing factors may cause interpersonal dilemmas are numerous ,to them purposeful interventions should be given by administrative office of col-lege management in order to improve students’ interpersonal communication capacity and mental health lev el .%目的:探讨护理专业本科生人际关系状况及其影响因素。方法对1094名护理专业本科生采用人际关系综合诊断量表、症状自评量表、交往焦虑量表、社交回避及苦恼量表、家庭功能评定量表及家庭亲密度和适应性量表进行测评分析。结果本组22.1%的学生存在不同程度的人际交往困扰;护理专业本科生人际关系综合诊断量表总分与症状自评量表、交往焦虑量表、社交回避及苦恼量表、家庭功能评定量表及家庭亲密度和适应性量表评分均呈显著相关(P<0.01);逐步回归分析发现人际关系综合诊断量表总分

  13. CORRELATION BETWEEN RESPECT, RESPONSIBILITY, INTERPERSONAL RELATIONSHIP, SUPERVISION, AND COMPENSATION TO THE PERFORMANCE OF OFFICIAL RECORDER AT STATE HOSPITALS BUKITTINGGI WEST-SUMATRA INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syukra Alhamda

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Primary survey was conducted on November 10, 2012 at The State Hospitals Bukittinggi, with randomly selected of 100 hospital medical records. There were incomplete contents of 61.66% and 48.33% of late files. This issue is very disturbing process for management of recording medical data, therefore, disrupting functions of medical recorders.Method: This study applied cross-sectionalstudy to determine the correlation between respect, responsibility, interpersonal relations, supervisionand compensation for the performance of official recorders at The State Hospitals Bukittinggi West-Sumatra Indonesia. Questionnaires from the subjects were proceed and computed by applying chisquare test.Results: The results showed that there were significant correlation between the performance of official award recorders (p = 0.003 and OR = 9.208, responsibilities (p = 0.012 and OR = 6.094, interpersonal (p = 0.0025 and OR = 5.417, performance of official (p = 0.012 and OR = 6.094, and compensation of official recorders (p = 0.025 and OR = 5.417 to recorders performance. Conclusion: In this research, we observed that there was a significant correlation between respect, responsibility, interpersonal relations, supervision and compensation to the performance of official recorders. A greater

  14. Differences between axes depend on where you set the bar: associations among symptoms, interpersonal relationship and alexithymia with number of personality disorder criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dimaggio, Giancarlo; Carcione, Antonino; Nicolò, Giuseppe; Lysaker, Paul H; d'Angerio, Stefania; Conti, Maria Laura; Fiore, Donatella; Pedone, Roberto; Procacci, Michele; Popolo, Raffaele; Semerari, Antonio

    2013-06-01

    Personality disorders are better understood as entities that vary according to severity along specific domains rather than a phenomenon separate from and unrelated to Axis I disorders. This study explores whether patients who were rated as having greater numbers of personality disorder traits reported greater levels of interpersonal problems, psychiatric symptoms, and alexithymia. The sample was composed of 506 consecutive patients assessed in a private outpatient center who were administered the SCID-II Symptom-Checklist (SCL-90-R), Inventory of Interpersonal Problems (IIP-47), and Toronto Alexithymia-Scale (TAS-.20). Based upon the number of personality disorder traits identified in the SCID, participants were classified into five groups: 0-4, 5-9, 10-14, 15-19, and 20 or more personality disorder traits met. Comparisons between groups revealed that symptom severity and levels of interpersonal problems increased between groups as the number of personality disorder traits increased. After covarying for symptom severity, there were no significant between-groups differences for levels of alexithymia. Findings are consistent with the claims that the simple Axis I-Axis II distinction is not an optimal strategy to understand personality pathology. It instead may be more fruitful to consider group differences in terms of numbers of personality disorder traits met.

  15. Research on the relationship between the learning situation and college students' mental health of Interpersonal communication%探究大学生心理健康与人际交往及学习状况间关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟静; 吴金庭; 李诗宇; 苏郁文; 凌斌; 鲍珊珊; 赵伟

    2015-01-01

    目的:分析大学生心理健康现状,探讨人际交往、学习状况与心理健康之间的关系.方法:对安徽省3所医学类高校在校大学生进行调查,采用"精神症状自评量表(SCL-90)、大学生人际关系综合诊断量表和一般情况调查问卷"对992名大学生的心理健康状况、人际交往和学习状况等方面进行调查分析.结果:当前高校大学生心理健康水平低于全国常模,各因子的得分高于常模(P=0.000),人际交往能力差异和不同学习状况对所持有的心理健康有一定影响.结论:当代大学生心理健康状况需要关注,且心理健康状况与人际交往、学习状况之间有着密切的联系.%Objective:Analyzing the present situation of college students' mental health,and exploring the relationship among the interpersonal, learning status and mental health. Methods:Investigating the college students of three universities in Anhui Province,Investigating 992 college students of 3 universities in mental health situation,the interpersonal and learnimg situation by using the"symptom checklist (SCL-90), the college students interpersonal comprehensive diagnostic scale and learning of the common inquiry". Results:The current university students' psychological health level is lower than the national, and the factor scores are higher than the norm ( P=0.000), the different learning conditions and the differences among varies of interpersonal skills make effects on these students' mental health.Conclusion:Mental health situation of the contemporary college students need to be paid attention to, and the conditions of psychological health has been closely connected with interpersonal communication and learning situation.

  16. A Content Validity Study of AIMIT (Assessing Interpersonal Motivation in Transcripts).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fassone, Giovanni; Lo Reto, Floriana; Foggetti, Paola; Santomassimo, Chiara; D'Onofrio, Maria Rita; Ivaldi, Antonella; Liotti, Giovanni; Trincia, Valeria; Picardi, Angelo

    2016-07-01

    Multi-motivational theories of human relatedness state that different motivational systems with an evolutionary basis modulate interpersonal relationships. The reliable assessment of their dynamics may usefully inform the understanding of the therapeutic relationship. The coding system of the Assessing Interpersonal Motivation in Transcripts (AIMIT) allows to identify in the clinical the activity of five main interpersonal motivational systems (IMSs): attachment (care-seeking), caregiving, ranking, sexuality and peer cooperation. To assess whether the criteria currently used to score the AIMIT are consistently correlated with the conceptual formulation of the interpersonal multi-motivational theory, two different studies were designed. Study 1: Content validity as assessed by highly qualified independent raters. Study 2: Content validity as assessed by unqualified raters. Results of study 1 show that out of the total 60 AIMIT verbal criteria, 52 (86.7%) met the required minimum degree of correspondence. The average semantic correspondence scores between these items and the related IMSs were quite good (overall mean: 3.74, standard deviation: 0.61). In study 2, a group of 20 naïve raters had to identify each prevalent motivation (IMS) in a random sequence of 1000 utterances drawn from therapy sessions. Cohen's Kappa coefficient was calculated for each rater with reference to each IMS and then calculated the average Kappa for all raters for each IMS. All average Kappa values were satisfactory (>0.60) and ranged between 0.63 (ranking system) and 0.83 (sexuality system). Data confirmed the overall soundness of AIMIT's theoretical-applicative approach. Results are discussed, corroborating the hypothesis that the AIMIT possesses the required criteria for content validity. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Assessing Interpersonal Motivations in psychotherapy transcripts as a useful tool to better understand links between motivational systems and intersubjectivity

  17. Research on the relationship between gratitude and interpersonal disturbance in college students%大学生感戴与人际关系困扰的关系研究∗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶艳晖; 彭淑娜; 薛妙莹

    2015-01-01

    Objective To explore the impact of gratitude on interpersonal disturbance in college students and provide positive energy into the establishment of harmonious campus interpersonal relationship.Methods A total of 530 college students at 5 uni-versities in Guangdong province were surveyed by gratitude questionnaires and comprehensive diagnosis scale of interpersonal rela-tions.Results (1)The rate of interpersonal disturbance in college students was 46.4%.(2)Gratitude interacted with genders and grades(P <0.05 ).The levels of gratitude in male freshmen,sophomores,and seniors were remarkably higher than those in male juniors(P <0.01),and female juniors had a higher level of gratitude than their male counterparts remarkably(P <0.01).Scores of male students were significantly higher than those in female students in interpersonal communication,way of treating people,oppo-site-gender interaction and the total scores of interpersonal disturbance(P <0.01 ).Besides,juniors had a remarkably higher score than freshmen and seniors in the factor of social association and friend making (P <0.05 ).(3)There was a significantly negative correlation between the level of gratitude in college students and the total scores of interpersonal disturbance as well as the four fac-tors of interpersonal communication,social association and friend making,way of treating people,and opposite-gender interaction (P <0.01).Subjects with different levels of gratitude showed marked variation in the total scores of interpersonal disturbance and all its factors(P <0.01).Gratitude displayed a significantly negative predictive effect on the total scores of interpersonal disturbance and all its factors(P <0.01).Conclusion Close relation existed between gratitude of college students and their interpersonal dis-turbance,and gratitude could be used to effectively predict college students′interpersonal disturbance.%目的:探讨感戴对大学生人际关系困扰的影响,以期为构建和谐的校

  18. Mapping the role of structural and interpersonal violence in the lives of women: implications for public health interventions and policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montesanti, Stephanie Rose; Thurston, Wilfreda E

    2015-11-11

    Research on interpersonal violence towards women has commonly focused on individual or proximate-level determinants associated with violent acts ignores the roles of larger structural systems that shape interpersonal violence. Though this research has contributed to an understanding of the prevalence and consequences of violence towards women, it ignores how patterns of violence are connected to social systems and social institutions. In this paper, we discuss the findings from a scoping review that examined: 1) how structural and symbolic violence contributes to interpersonal violence against women; and 2) the relationships between the social determinants of health and interpersonal violence against women. We used concept mapping to identify what was reported on the relationships among individual-level characteristics and population-level influence on gender-based violence against women and the consequences for women's health. Institutional ethics review was not required for this scoping review since there was no involvement or contact with human subjects. The different forms of violence-symbolic, structural and interpersonal-are not mutually exclusive, rather they relate to one another as they manifest in the lives of women. Structural violence is marked by deeply unequal access to the determinants of health (e.g., housing, good quality health care, and unemployment), which then create conditions where interpersonal violence can happen and which shape gendered forms of violence for women in vulnerable social positions. Our web of causation illustrates how structural factors can have negative impacts on the social determinants of health and increases the risk for interpersonal violence among women. Public health policy responses to violence against women should move beyond individual-level approaches to violence, to consider how structural and interpersonal level violence and power relations shape the 'lived experiences' of violence for women.

  19. As relações interpessoais nas ações de cuidar em ambiente tecnológico hospitalar Las relaciones interpersonales en las acciones de cuidar en un ambiente tecnológico hospitalario The interpersonal relationships of care actions in the hospital technological environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrícia Julimeire Cunha

    2008-01-01

    un ambiente tecnológico hospitalario. CONCLUSIÓN: La aplicabilidad de los conceptos humanísticos en ambientes complejos y de gran aparato tecnológico como es la Unidad de Terapia Intensiva Pediátrica Cardiaca, modifica el ser y hacer con vistas a la construcción de vínculos afectivos y de responsabilidad sobre las acciones de las prácticas de salud.OBJECTIVE: To understand how interpersonal relationships are established in the care actions to children in the hospital technological environment. METHODS: The methodology is quantitative, the method is phenomenological and the theoretical framework is that of Paterson & Zderad. Interviews were carried out with ten health team professionals. RESULTS: The phenomenological analyses resulted in 11 meaning units and four converging categories: understanding that humanistic attitude mobilizes interpersonal relationships in the hospital technological environment; the interpersonal relationships in the hospital technological environment involving the health team; the meaning of the family's presence in the interpersonal relationships with the health team; the dynamicity of care permeating the conduct that should be followed in a hospital technological environment. CONCLUSION: The applicability of humanistic concepts in complex environments with a large technological apparatus, such a the Cardiac Pediatric Intensive Care Unit changes beings and actions with a view to build affective and responsibility attachments over health practice actions.

  20. Interpersonal Communicational Manipulations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ştefan VLĂDUŢESCU

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Manipulation is a form of persuasive influence. According to the criterion of the influence type, persuasion is interpersonal, group or collectively-social. By derivation and according to the criterion of the target, in our opinion, manipulations may be of three types: interpersonal manipulations (when the target is one individual, group manipulations (when the target is a group and social-collective manipulations (when the target represents a large community. We consider as interpersonal communicational manipulations: foot in the door, door in the face, and law-balling. Classification-JEL: A23

  1. 高职贫困生人际关系的团体辅导干预研究%Research on the Interpersonal Relationship of Poor Students in Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王芳

    2015-01-01

    In order to further explore the effect of group counseling on interpersonal relationship of poor students in voca-tional colleges, 16 poor students were recruited as the experimental group, and the other 16 served as the control group for 6 groups. In order to evaluate the effect of the intervention, the experimental group was divided into homogeneous group and heterogeneous group. The results show that group counseling can effectively improve the poor students' interpersonal relation-ship, and the improvement effect of the heterogeneous group is better.%为进一步探讨高职贫困生人际关系的团体辅导效果, 文中通过推荐招募的方式, 以16名贫困生作为实验组, 另16名作为对照组进行6次团体辅导, 为更好地评估干预效果, 又将实验组分为同质组和异质组. 结果发现,团体辅导能有效改善高职贫困生人际关系, 异质组的改善效果更好.

  2. 家庭环境对“90后”大学生人际关系的影响探析%Research on the Influence of Family Environment on the Interpersonal Relationship of Post-90s-Undergraduates

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李辉山; 郭殿声

    2011-01-01

    Undergraduates are in a psychological development period being thirsty for contacts and longingfor to be understood. Good interpersonal relationship is the vital requirement for them to have a normal psychological development,to have a healthy personality development, and to have a sense of security, belonging and happiness. There are several factors having impacts on post-90s-undergraduates,such as family environment,school environment,social environment and so on. As the family environment is treated as a relatively stable inner environment,factors from family do have great impacts on the accommodation of the interpersonal relationship of post-90s-undergraduates.%大学生处于一种渴求交往、渴求理解的心理发展时期,良好的人际关系,是他们心理正常发展、个性保持健康和具有安全感、归属感、幸福感的必然要求.影响“90后”大学生人际关系的因素是多方面的,有家庭环境、学校环境、社会环境等.家庭环境作为一个相对稳定的内在环境,家庭诸因素对“90后”大学生人际关系的适应有着重要影自.

  3. Survey and analysis on the teaching of selective course: interpersonal relationships and communication skills%为医学生开设《人际关系与沟通技能》选修课的调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尼春萍; 刘喜文; 张青; 化前珍

    2008-01-01

    目的 探讨医学生选修课开设的必要性及其教学方法.方法 课程开始前、结束后,就选修的目的 、教学的建议以及学习收获等,对202名学生进行团体问卷调查.结果 90%以上的学生认为开设该课程很有必要,选修的目的 是为了提高人际交往的能力;92.9%的学生建议授课突出实践,93.9%的学生希望采用情境模拟或结合自身实际撰写论文考核;97.9%的学生感到学习有收获.结论 医学生开设很有必要,其教学应密切结合医学生的实际,突出实践技能的提高.%Objective To explore the necessity and teaching methods of the selective course:interpersonal relationships and communication skills.Methods Two hundred and two medical students were surveyed with a community questionnaire before and after this course.The questionnaire contained the purpose of taking the selective course, advice of teaching methods and their learning harvest.Results More than 90% students thought it was necessary to set up the course, and the purpose that they selected this course was to improve their abilities of interpersonal communications.92.9% students suggested the teaching methods should give prominence to the practice.93.9% students wished to adopt the method of composing the paper through the situation simulation or in combination with their true-life.97.9% students gained more harvest.Conclusions It is very necessary for medical students to set up the selective course: interpersonal relationships and communication skills.The teaching methods should take the medical students' difficulties of interpersonal communications into account and pay attention to cultivate their skills of practice.

  4. The future in the past: Hildegard Peplau and interpersonal relations in nursing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'Antonio, Patricia; Beeber, Linda; Sills, Grayce; Naegle, Madeline

    2014-12-01

    Researchers, educators and clinicians have long recognized the profound influence of the mid-twentieth century focus on interpersonal relations and relationships on nursing. Today, in nursing, as well as in medicine and other social sciences, neuroanatomy, neurobiology and neurophysiology have replaced interpersonal dynamics as keys to understanding human behavior. Yet concerns are being raised that the teaching, research and practice of the critical importance of healing relationships have been overridden by a biological focus on the experiences of health and illness. As a way to move forward, we return to Hildegard Peplau's seminal ideas about the transformative power of relationships in nursing. We propose that Peplau's formulations and, in particular, her seminal Interpersonal Relations in Nursing can provide direction. We do not propose that her formulations or her book be simply transposed from the 1950s to today's classroom and clinic. But we do believe that her ideas and writings are dynamic documents containing concepts and derived operations that can be brought to life in clinical practice. Finally, we explore Peplau's transformative idea that nursing is, at its core, an interpersonal process both to acknowledge an idea that has shaped our past and can guide us into our future. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  5. Media Exposure, Interpersonal Communication and the Electoral Decision Process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kimsey, William D.; Hantz, Alan

    The relationships among mass media, interpersonal communication, and voting behavior were explored in a two-stage panel study of 141 respondents during a 1974 Illinois congressional election. Analyses of perceived exposures to mass media and to interpersonal communication were interpreted as supporting Rogers and Shoemakers' (1971)…

  6. Sensation-seeking, Internet dependency, and online interpersonal deception.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Hung-Yi

    2008-04-01

    This study aimed to elaborate the relationships between sensation-seeking, Internet dependency, and online interpersonal deception. Of the 707 individuals recruited to this study, 675 successfully completed the survey. The results showed high sensation-seekers and high Internet dependents were more likely to engage in online interpersonal deception than were their counterparts.

  7. [Self-reflection, interpersonal behavior and psychoanalytic ethics].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bürgy, M

    1997-05-01

    In the middle ages, ethical practice included a metaphysical theory of value. In comparison with that, self-reflection and interpersonality should be described as principles of more individual ethics and proceeding from philosophy to psychoanalysis in modern times. Drawing a borderline between human philosophy and metaphysies, Kant defined his so-called categorial imperative as a basic phenomenon of human reciprocity. Ethical relationship to another person, however, requires realization of one's own self, i.e. self-reflection. Hegel's subsequent association of intersubjectivity and selfreflection supplied the basis for Sarte's constitution of consciousness: Existence as existing for the good of the fellow-being. Self-reflection, basing on the sight of one's own self by the other person, leads to Sartre's concept of existential psychoanalysis and to his understanding of ethics. His concept illustrates the decline of significance of philosophy for the analysis of human relationship. Habermas describes self-reflection and interpersonality as fundamental principles of the psychoanalytic therapy and its ethical demands. With the historical concept of the super-ego, Freud established therapeutical one-sidedness and abstinence from ethics; however, as therapeutical interrelationship continued to intensity, ethics of depth psychology also began to develop. This ethical demand was not expressly formulated within the context of psychoanalysis, with the exception of jung and his epigones. Nevertheless, psychoanalytic interaction implies the development of self-reflection, which definitely represents a step forward in the sense of "ethical enlightenment" represented by Kant.

  8. The Social Neuroscience of Interpersonal Emotions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Müller-Pinzler, Laura; Krach, Sören; Krämer, Ulrike M; Paulus, Frieder M

    2017-01-01

    In our daily lives, we constantly engage in reciprocal interactions with other individuals and represent ourselves in the context of our surrounding social world. Within social interactions, humans often experience interpersonal emotions such as embarrassment, shame, guilt, or pride. How interpersonal emotions are processed on the neural systems level is of major interest for social neuroscience research. While the configuration of laboratory settings in general is constraining for emotion research, recent neuroimaging investigations came up with new approaches to implement socially interactive and immersive scenarios for the real-life investigation of interpersonal emotions. These studies could show that among other brain regions the so-called mentalizing network, which is typically involved when we represent and make sense of others' states of mind, is associated with interpersonal emotions. The anterior insula/anterior cingulate cortex network at the same time processes one's own bodily arousal during such interpersonal emotional experiences. Current research aimed to explore how we make sense of others' emotional states during social interactions and investigates the modulating factors of our emotional experiences during social interactions. Understanding how interpersonal emotions are processed on the neural systems level may yield significant implications for neuropsychiatric disorders that affect social behavior such as social anxiety disorders or autism.

  9. Attachment style and interpersonal trauma in refugees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morina, Naser; Schnyder, Ulrich; Schick, Matthis; Nickerson, Angela; Bryant, Richard A

    2016-12-01

    Refugees can suffer many experiences that threaten their trust in others. Although models of refugee mental health have postulated that attachment securities may be damaged by refugee experiences, this has yet to be empirically tested. This study aimed to understand the relationship between the nature of traumatic experiences sustained by refugees and attachment styles. In a cross-sectional study, treatment-seeking refugees (N = 134) were assessed for traumatic exposure using the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire and Posttraumatic Diagnostic Scale. Attachment style was assessed using the Experiences in Close Relationship Scale. Whereas gender and severity of interpersonal traumatic events predicted avoidant attachment style (accounting for 11% of the variance), neither these factors nor non-interpersonal trauma predicted anxious attachment. Exposure to interpersonal traumatic events, including torture, is associated with enduring avoidant attachment tendencies in refugees. This finding accords with attachment theories that prior adverse interpersonal experiences can undermine secure attachment systems, and may promote avoidance of attachment seeking. This finding may point to an important process maintaining poor psychological health in refugees affected by interpersonal trauma. © The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists 2016.

  10. 初中生人际信任与父母教养方式的关系研究%A Study of Relationship Between Interpersonal Trust and Parenting Style for Junior School Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈利君; 戴晴

    2012-01-01

    运用信任量表和父母教养方式评价量表(EMBU),对湖南的两所中学进行抽样调查,结果:初中生人际信任水平没有显著的年级、性别差异,只在依赖维度上女生略高于男生,但没有显著性差异。整体上,独生子女的人际信任水平高于非独生子女,且在人际信任总分及依赖得分上存在显著性差异。父母未离异的初中生比父母离异的初中生更多感受到父亲情感温暖与理解,而父母离异的初中生比父母未离异的初中生更多感受到母亲的过分干涉与过分保护。结论:积极的教养方式与人际信任呈正相关,消极的教养方式与人际信任呈负相关。%In order to analyze the relationship between interpersonal trust and parenting style about interpersonal trust among junior middle school students and the difference in grade, gender and get some idea , the only child or not, this paper has conducted a survey in two middle schools in Hunan by using EMBU. It finds that there is no re- markable diffemence in grade and gender in interpersonal trust among the junior middle school students, but there is a slight differnce between female and male, that is, female is more reliable than male.On the whole, the only child's degeree of trust is much higher than non-only child. Students from nucleus family feel more fathering warmth and understanding than those from the single-parent family while students from single-parent family feel more inteference and protection from mother than those from nucleus family.The conclusion is that positive parenting style has a posi- tive relevance with interpersonal trust and vice verse.

  11. Sartre's Existentialism and Education: The Missing Foundations of Human Relationships

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benhamida, Khemais

    1973-01-01

    This paper focuses on a particular aspect of the relationship between education and Existentialism, specifically, to point out some misinterpretations which are easily made in educational discourse with respect to the notion of human relationships as it is expressed in Jean-Paul Sartre's philosophy. (Author/RK)

  12. Sartre's Existentialism and Education: The Missing Foundations of Human Relationships

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benhamida, Khemais

    1973-01-01

    This paper focuses on a particular aspect of the relationship between education and Existentialism, specifically, to point out some misinterpretations which are easily made in educational discourse with respect to the notion of human relationships as it is expressed in Jean-Paul Sartre's philosophy. (Author/RK)

  13. Interpersonal Skills Development with Special Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Nina W.; And Others

    Investigated with 17 special education practicum students was the effectiveness of structured experiences designed to foster interpersonal skill development. Administered as pre- and post-tests were the Helping Relationship Inventory, the Personal Orientation Inventory, and the Firo-B. Following a group workshop, the Ss differed significantly from…

  14. Others : Essays on Interpersonal and Consumer Behavior

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    I. Consiglio (Irene)

    2016-01-01

    markdownabstractIn this dissertation, I explore the intersection between interpersonal and consumer behaviour in three chapters. In chapter 2, I propose that consumers with low self-esteem become wary of new relationships with alternative service providers if they experience service failures in a cu

  15. Others : Essays on Interpersonal and Consumer Behavior

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    I. Consiglio (Irene)

    2016-01-01

    markdownabstractIn this dissertation, I explore the intersection between interpersonal and consumer behaviour in three chapters. In chapter 2, I propose that consumers with low self-esteem become wary of new relationships with alternative service providers if they experience service failures in a

  16. Medical Student Empathy: Interpersonal Distinctions and Correlates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jordan, Kevin D.; Foster, Penni Smith

    2016-01-01

    Attention to interpersonal behaviors, communication, and relational factors is taking on increasing importance in medical education. Medical student empathy is one aspect of the physician-patient relationship that is often involved in beneficial interactions leading to improved clinical outcomes and patient satisfaction. As an interpersonal…

  17. Interpersonal Skills Development with Special Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Nina W.; And Others

    Investigated with 17 special education practicum students was the effectiveness of structured experiences designed to foster interpersonal skill development. Administered as pre- and post-tests were the Helping Relationship Inventory, the Personal Orientation Inventory, and the Firo-B. Following a group workshop, the Ss differed significantly from…

  18. Others : Essays on Interpersonal and Consumer Behavior

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    I. Consiglio (Irene)

    2016-01-01

    markdownabstractIn this dissertation, I explore the intersection between interpersonal and consumer behaviour in three chapters. In chapter 2, I propose that consumers with low self-esteem become wary of new relationships with alternative service providers if they experience service failures in a cu

  19. 大学生情绪调节自我效能感与人际困扰的关系%The Relationship between College Students' Regulatory E-motional Self-Efficacy and Interpersonal Problems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗宗盼

    2014-01-01

    The study uses Chinese version of Regulatory Emotional Self-efficacy Scale and Interpersonal Relationships As-sessment Scale, on a random sample of 650 college students to the academic attribution scale inventory. The results show that:(1) the level of college students' regulatory e-motional self-efficacy is on the middle;(2) significant negative correlation between The college students 'regulatory e-motional self-efficacy and interpersonal problems.%本研究运用情绪调节自我效能感量表和人际困扰量表,对随机抽取的650名大学生进行问卷调查,结果发现:(1)大学生情绪调节自我效能感的水平处于中等偏上;(2)大学生情绪调节自我效能感与人际困扰间有显著的负相关。

  20. Relationships Between Self-esteem,Rejection Sensitivity,Interpersonal Trust and Social Anxiety of Undergraduates%大学生自尊、拒绝敏感性、人际信任与社会焦虑的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙晓玲; 吴明证

    2011-01-01

    目的:了解自尊、拒绝敏感性、人际信任和社会焦虑的关系.方法:采用Rosenberg自尊问卷、拒绝敏感性问卷、信任问卷和交往焦虑问卷测量了411名大学生.结果:自尊与人际信任呈正相关(r=0.147,P=0.003),与拒绝敏感性(r=-0.238,P<0.001)和社会焦虑(r=-0.170,P<0.001)呈负相关;人际信任与拒绝敏感性(r=-0.206,P<0.001)和社会焦虑呈负相关(r=-0.224,P<0.001);拒绝敏感性与社会焦虑呈正相关(r=0.223,P<0.001).分层回归分析表明,当拒绝敏感性进人回归方程时,自尊对人际信任的预测效应从0.147降为0.104,自尊对社会焦虑的预测效应从-0.170降为-0.124.结论:自尊以拒绝敏感性为部分中介影响着人际信任和社会焦虑.%Objective: To explore the relationships between self-esteem, rejection sensitivity, interpersonal trust and social anxiety. Methods: 411 undergraduates were investigated by Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale, Rejection Sensitivity Scale,Trust Scale and Interpersonal Anxiety Scale. Results: Self-esteem was positively related to interpersonal trust(r=0.147, P= 0.003) and negatively related to rejection sensitivity(r=-0.238, P<0.001) and social anxiety(r=-0.170, P<0.001). Interpersonal trust was negatively related to rejection sensitivity(r=-0.206, P<0.001) and social anxiety(r=-0.224, P<0.001). Rejection sensitivity was positively related to social anxiety(r=0.223, P<0.001). Hierarchical multiple regression analyses showed that the predictive effect of self-esteem on the interpersonal trust dropped from 0.147 to 0.104 and the predictive effect of self-esteem on the social anxiety dropped from -0.170 to -0.124 when rejection sensitivity entered in the regression equations as a predictor. Conclusion: Rejection sensitivity partially mediated the effects of self-esteem on interpersonal trust and social anxiety.

  1. Interpersonal Behavior and Leader Behavior Characteristics of Business Administration and Educational Administration Graduate Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seaberg, John J., Jr.; Ramirez, Ernest E.

    This study investigates the relationship between interpersonal behaviors and leader behaviors for present and prospective leaders in business administration and educational administration. Interpersonal behavior characteristics are measured by Schutz' FIRO-B (Fundamental Interpersonal Relations Orientation--Behavior) Scales, while leader behavior…

  2. Teaching Implications: Components of a Unit on Interpersonal Communication and Aging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Webb, Lynne

    One possible unit on interpersonal communication and aging consists of five components: interpersonal attraction, talk with friends and neighbors, marital communication, family communication, and personal communication with service providers. The component on interpersonal attraction explains the complex relationship of age to attraction, while…

  3. Interpersonal Behavior and Leader Behavior Characteristics of Business Administration and Educational Administration Graduate Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seaberg, John J., Jr.; Ramirez, Ernest E.

    This study investigates the relationship between interpersonal behaviors and leader behaviors for present and prospective leaders in business administration and educational administration. Interpersonal behavior characteristics are measured by Schutz' FIRO-B (Fundamental Interpersonal Relations Orientation--Behavior) Scales, while leader behavior…

  4. Teacher-student interactions and domain-specific motivation: The relationship between students' perceptions of teacher interpersonal behavior and motivation in middle school science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smart, Julie Brockman

    2009-11-01

    This study examined interactions between middle school science students' perceptions of teacher-student interactions and their motivation for learning science. Specifically, in order to better understand factors affecting middle school students' motivation for science, this study investigated the interactions between middle school students' perceptions of teacher interpersonal behavior in their science classroom and their efficacy, task value, mastery orientations, and goal orientation for learning science. This mixed methods study followed a sequential explanatory model (Cresswell & Plano-Clark, 2007). Quantitative and qualitative data were collected in two phases, with quantitative data in the first phase informing the selection of participants for the qualitative phase that followed. The qualitative phase also helped to clarify and explain results from the quantitative phase. Data mixing occurred between Phase One and Phase Two (participant selection) and at the interpretation level (explanatory) after quantitative and qualitative data were analyzed separately. Results from Phase One indicated that students' perceptions of teacher interpersonal behaviors were predictive of their efficacy for learning science, task value for learning science, mastery orientation, and performance orientation. These results were used to create motivation/perception composites, which were used in order to select students for the qualitative interviews. A total of 24 students with high motivation/high perceptions, low motivation/low perceptions, high motivation/low perceptions, and low motivation/high perceptions were selected in order to represent students whose profiles either supported or refuted the quantitative results. Results from Phase Two revealed themes relating to students' construction of their perceptions of teacher interpersonal behavior and dimensions of their efficacy and task value for science. Students who reported high motivation and high perceptions of teacher

  5. 我国高校教学中师生互动现状及改进--基于梅奥人际关系理论的思考%The Current Situation and Improvement of Teacher-student Interaction in Colleges and Universities---Thinking Based on the Mayo Interpersonal Relationship Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎军; 陈微

    2013-01-01

      目前,我国高等教育已经进入大众化阶段,构建和谐的师生关系、加强师生互动对于提高高校教学质量具有非常重要的作用。然而,纵观我国高校教育教学现状,发现在高校师生互动过程中存在着诸如“互动理念失真化”、“互动时间局限化”、“互动形式单一化”等问题,而这些问题归根结底是人或人与人之间关系的问题,是师生双方缺乏互动动力所致。在人际关系理论中,梅奥人际关系理论以其注重人的因素,研究人的个体行为和群体行为,强调满足人的社会需求等特色,在人际关系的诸多学派中独树一帜。因此,我们借鉴和运用梅奥人际关系理论探讨改善高校师生互动的相应措施,以提高高校师生互动水平,推进拔尖创新人才的培养。%At present , China's higher education has entered into the stage of popularization .Constructing the harmonious teacher -student relationship and strengthening the interaction between teachers and students plays a very important role in improving the teach -ing quality.However, By analyzing the current situation of teacher -student interaction in colleges and universities , The paper pointed out that the problems , such as the"The distortion of the interaction theory ","The localization of Interactive time","The simplifica-tion of interactive form", arising in the process of teacher -student interaction in colleges and universities .In the interpersonal rela-tionship theory , Mayo interpersonal relationship theory focuses on human factors , studies the individual behavior and group behavior , emphasizes the importance of meeting the social needs , so it became the unique in many types of interpersonal relationships .Therefore, this paper attempts to apply the Mayo interpersonal relationship theory to discuss the measures taken to improve the teacher -student in-teraction , It is meaningful to improve the level of

  6. A Cross-cultural Examination of SNS Usage Intensity and Managing Interpersonal Relationships Online: The Role of Culture and the Autonomous-Related Self-Construal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lee eSoon Li

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Perception of the autonomy and relatedness of the self may be influenced by one’s experiences and social expectations within a particular cultural setting. The present research examined the role of culture and the Autonomous-Related self-construal in predicting for different aspects of Social Networking Sites (SNS usage in three Asian countries, especially focusing on those aspects serving interpersonal goals. Participants in this cross-cultural study included 305 university students from Malaysia (n = 105, South Korea (n = 113, and China (n = 87. The study explored specific social and interpersonal behaviors on SNS, such as browsing the contacts’ profiles, checking for updates, and improving contact with SNS contacts, as well as the intensity of SNS use, hypothesizing that those with high intensity of use in the Asian context may be doing so to achieve the social goal of maintaining contact and keeping updated with friends. Two scales measuring activities on other users’ profiles and contact with friends’ profiles were developed and validated. As predicted, some cross-cultural differences were found. Koreans were more likely to use SNS to increase contact but tended to spend less time browsing contacts’ profiles than the Malaysians and Chinese. The intensity of SNS use differed between the countries as well, where Malaysians reported higher intensity than Koreans and Chinese. Consistent with study predictions, Koreans were found with the highest Autonomous-Related self-construal scores. The Autonomous-Related self-construal predicted SNS intensity. The findings suggest that cultural contexts, along with the way the self is construed in different cultures, may encourage different types of SNS usage. The authors discuss study implications and suggest future research directions.

  7. THE INTERVENING EFFECTS OF PROCEDURAL FAIRNESS AND INTERPERSONAL TRUST ON THE RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN MULTIPLE MEASURES-BASED PERFORMANCE EVALUATION AND MANAGERS' JOB SATISFACTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahfud Sholihin

    2003-08-01

    Full Text Available Criticisms directed at the use of financial measures alone for performance evaluation have led to much interest in the use of nonfinancial performance measures to balance the financial measures. Hence, much recent research has been directed to investigate the effectiveness sand behavioral consequences of a mix of financial and nonfinancial measures (e.g. the Balanced Scorecard approach in contemporary settings. However, there is evidence from prior studies to suggest that the manner or how performance measures are used may affect the subordinates' behavior and work-related attitudes indirectly through the subordinates' perception of the justness of these measures and the interpersonal trust these measures promote. There is also evidence to indicate that it is the extent of the subordinates' agreement with the performance measures used in the evaluation, rather than the measures per se, which affects their behavior and work-related attitudes. Subordinates are more likely to agree with performance measures which they regard as fair and which enhance their trust in their superiors. This study therefore investigates if the effects of a mix of financial and nonfinancial measures (such as those used in the Balanced Scorecard approach on subordinates' job satisfaction are indirect through the subordinates' perception of the greater extent of fairness (justness in the evaluation process and the greater extent of trust such a mix of measures promotes. The results, based on a sample of 70 managers, support the expectation that a mix of financial and nonfinancial has no direct effect on subordinates’ job satisfaction. Instead, the effects of such a mix of performance measures on subordinates’ job satisfaction are indirect through the enhancement of the subordinates’ favorable perceptions of procedural fairness and interpersonal trust.

  8. Cognição, afeto e relacionamento interpessoal de mulheres com transtorno afetivo bipolar Cognition, affection and interpersonal relationship of women with bipolar disorder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carla Luciano Codani Hisatugo

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available O transtorno afetivo bipolar causa incapacitação e isolamento social, podendo levar ao suicídio. Tratou-se de estudo clínico de casos múltipos com uso de: Inventário de Depressão (BDI e Suicídio (BSI de Beck, Escala de Depressão de Hamilton (HAM-D e Rorschach, Sistema Compreensivo. O objetivo foi analisar os aspectos afetivos, cognitivos e interpessoais das pacientes. Quatro pacientes foram estudadas. Foram atendidas em ambulatório público e préviamente diagnosticadas com depressão bipolar, segundo Entrevista Psiquiátrica (SCID-I/CV-DSM-IV. Resultados indicaram sentimentos depreciativos na autoimagem, conteúdos eufóricos e falta de insight sobre a auto-tolerância ao estresse. Aspectos emocionais e cognitivos influenciaram no contexto interpessoal, acentuando o sofrimento. Outros dados qualitativos clínicos foram observados e comentados.The bipolar affective disorder induces incapacitation and social isolation, and might lead to suicide. It was a clinical study of multiple cases using the following instruments: Beck Depression Inventory (BDI, Beck Suicide Inventory (BSI, Hamilton Scale of Depression (HAM-D and the Rorschach, by Exner's Comprehensive System (CS. The objective was to analyze the affective, cognitive and interpersonal aspects of the patients. Four female out-patients who were previously diagnosed as bipolar depressive, by the Psychiatry Interview according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (SCIDI/CV-DSM-IV criteria were studied. Results had indicated undervalued feelings about themselves, euphoric contents and lack of insight about the self-tolerance related to stress controls. Emotional and cognitive aspects have influenced the interpersonal context leading to increased suffering. Other qualitative and clinic data have been observed and commented.

  9. A Cross-Cultural Examination of SNS Usage Intensity and Managing Interpersonal Relationships Online: The Role of Culture and the Autonomous-Related Self-Construal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Soon Li; Kim, Jung-Ae; Golden, Karen Jennifer; Kim, Jae-Hwi; Park, Miriam Sang-Ah

    2016-01-01

    Perception of the autonomy and relatedness of the self may be influenced by one's experiences and social expectations within a particular cultural setting. The present research examined the role of culture and the Autonomous-Related self-construal in predicting for different aspects of Social Networking Sites (SNS) usage in three Asian countries, especially focusing on those aspects serving interpersonal goals. Participants in this cross-cultural study included 305 university students from Malaysia (n = 105), South Korea (n = 113), and China (n = 87). The study explored specific social and interpersonal behaviors on SNS, such as browsing the contacts' profiles, checking for updates, and improving contact with SNS contacts, as well as the intensity of SNS use, hypothesizing that those with high intensity of use in the Asian context may be doing so to achieve the social goal of maintaining contact and keeping updated with friends. Two scales measuring activities on other users' profiles and contact with friends' profiles were developed and validated. As predicted, some cross-cultural differences were found. Koreans were more likely to use SNS to increase contact but tended to spend less time browsing contacts' profiles than the Malaysians and Chinese. The intensity of SNS use differed between the countries as well, where Malaysians reported higher intensity than Koreans and Chinese. Consistent with study predictions, Koreans were found with the highest Autonomous-Related self-construal scores. The Autonomous-Related self-construal predicted SNS intensity. The findings suggest that cultural contexts, along with the way the self is construed in different cultures, may encourage different types of SNS usage. The authors discuss study implications and suggest future research directions.

  10. 大学生人际关系对网络成瘾倾向的影响%Effect of College Students’ Interpersonal Relationship with Internet Addiction Tendency

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋小飞

    2012-01-01

      采用Yong的网络成瘾量表和郑日昌编制的人际关系综合诊断量表对安庆师范学院的200名学生进行问卷调查,结果表明:男大学生在网络成瘾上显著高于女大学生;大学生网络成瘾在年级上差异显著,大三、大四在网络成瘾度上显著高于大一;并且随着年级增高,网络成瘾有上升趋势;交谈行为、待人接物对大学生网络成瘾具有很好的预测作用。结论:大学生人际关系对网络成瘾具有良好的预测作用。%  Adopt Yong’s Interne Addiction Scale as well as the Interpersonal Relation Comprehensive Diagnosis Scale drawn up by Zheng Richang and perform a questionnaire survey of 200 students in Anqing Teachers’ College;Result show that: male colleges students’ Interne addiction is remarkably higher than that of female ones; ages have a significant effect upon college students’ Internet addiction. With their ages’ advance, the level of network addiction is rising by degrees. Meanwhile, the differences between freshman and sophomore as well as between freshman and junior , on the basis of the check afterwards, is the most obvious. the conversation behaviors and manner of dealing with people having a great role in the prediction of the Internet addiction.Conclusion: College students’ interpersonal relation has a great role in predicting their Internet addiction.

  11. Emotion understanding, interpersonal competencies and loneliness among students

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Marcin Moroń

    2014-01-01

    .... In the second model emotion understanding was tested as a moderator of relationships between interpersonal competencies and loneliness, perceived social support and quality of social networks. Study 1 (n = 221...

  12. Others: Essays on Interpersonal and Consumer Behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Consiglio, Irene

    2016-01-01

    markdownabstractIn this dissertation, I explore the intersection between interpersonal and consumer behaviour in three chapters. In chapter 2, I propose that consumers with low self-esteem become wary of new relationships with alternative service providers if they experience service failures in a current service relationship, whilst consumers with high self-esteem do not. In line with this prediction, I document that consumers with high self-esteem are willing to sign contracts with other ava...

  13. THE INVESTIGATION OF THE RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN AGGRESSION AND INTERPERSONAL PROBLEM-SOLVING SKILLS, INTERPERSONAL RELATIONSHIP STYLES, AND COMMUNICATION SKILLS AMONG UNIVERSITY STUDENTS/ÜNİVERSİTE ÖĞRENCİLERİNİN SALDIRGANLIK, KİŞİLERARASI PROBLEM ÇÖZME BECERİLERİ, KİŞİLERARASI İLİŞKİ TARZLARI VE İLETİŞİM BECERİ ARASINDAKİ İLİŞKİLERİN İNCELENMESİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bozkurt KOÇ

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to determine the relationships between aggression and interpersonal problem-solving skills, interpersonal relationship styles, and communication skills.The sample of the study was consisted of 403 participants (242 females and 161 males attending various faculties of Ondokuz Mayıs University in the 2013-2014 academic year. The participants were 18 to 25 years old. The Demographic Information Form, the Interpersonal Problem-Solving Inventory, the Interpersonal Relationships Scale, the Communication Skills Assessment Scale, and the Aggression Scale were administered to the participants. In order to analyze the data, Pearson’s correlation coefficients were calculated, and path analysis was made. Constructive problem-solving was seen to have a significant indirect relationship with hostile aggression and assertiveness through communication skills. Insecure approach was found to have a significant indirect relationship with hostile aggression and assertiveness. Among interpersonal relationship styles, nutritive relationship style was detected to have a significant indirect relationship with assertiveness and hostile aggression through communication skills. Poisonous relationship style was determined to have a significant indirect relationship with assertiveness and hostile aggression through communication skills. When direct and indirect ways in the partially-mediated model were considered, the model was seen to explain 30% of assertiveness and 35% of hostile aggression. The correlation coefficients between assertiveness and hostile aggression and other variables indicate that the highest relationships are seen between assertiveness and nutritive relationship style and between hostile aggression and poisonous relationship style. The research findings indicate the importance of training programs and practices for improving interpersonal problem-solving skills, interpersonal relationship styles, and communication skills to prevent

  14. The internet as interpersonal media: Case of Serbia

    OpenAIRE

    Petrović Dalibor

    2013-01-01

    Bearing in mind that modern technological tools for communication play an integral role in sustaining of social relationships, the aim of this article is to determine whether the internet has been replacing face to face (FtF) contacts in sustaining interpersonal relationships and are there some aspects of personal networks contact that are handled by interpersonal media of the internet, email and IM (Instant Messenger). The analysis has been performed on two levels, first through examin...

  15. MEDIA SOSIAL DAN PENGEMBANGAN HUBUNGAN INTERPERSONAL REMAJA DI SIDOARJO

    OpenAIRE

    Abadi, Totok Wahyu; Sukmawan, Fandrian; Utari, Dian Asha

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to analyze and explain the use of social media among teenagers, the development of interpersonal relationships, and the influence of social media on the development of adolescent interpersonal relationships in Sidoarjo. This research, which involves a hundred high school students as the respondents, uses explanative approach. Through random sampling of data collection, the data were analyzed using descriptive statistics analyzing techniques and multiple regression...

  16. Interpersonal aggression and burnout: the mediating role of psychological climate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bedi, Akanksha; Courcy, Francois; Paquet, Maxime; Harvey, Steve

    2013-12-01

    Using the theoretical perspectives offered by stressor-stress-strain framework and fairness theory, the authors propose that psychological climate will mediate the positive relationship between interpersonal aggression and employee burnout. Data from a survey of 1893 hospital employees suggested that psychological climate partially mediated the relationship between interpersonal aggression and two of the three dimensions of burnout, emotional exhaustion and depersonalization. The theoretical and practical implications of these findings and directions for future research are discussed.

  17. Neural basis of interpersonal traits in neurodegenerative diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sollberger, Marc; Stanley, Christine M; Wilson, Stephen M; Gyurak, Anett; Beckman, Victoria; Growdon, Matthew; Jang, Jung; Weiner, Michael W; Miller, Bruce L; Rankin, Katherine P

    2009-11-01

    Several functional and structural imaging studies have investigated the neural basis of personality in healthy adults, but human lesions studies are scarce. Personality changes are a common symptom in patients with neurodegenerative diseases like frontotemporal dementia (FTD) and semantic dementia (SD), allowing a unique window into the neural basis of personality. In this study, we used the Interpersonal Adjective Scales to investigate the structural basis of eight interpersonal traits (dominance, arrogance, coldness, introversion, submissiveness, ingenuousness, warmth, and extraversion) in 257 subjects: 214 patients with neurodegenerative diseases such as FTD, SD, progressive nonfluent aphasia, Alzheimer's disease, amnestic mild cognitive impairment, corticobasal degeneration, and progressive supranuclear palsy and 43 healthy elderly people. Measures of interpersonal traits were correlated with regional atrophy pattern using voxel-based morphometry (VBM) analysis of structural MR images. Interpersonal traits mapped onto distinct brain regions depending on the degree to which they involved agency and affiliation. Interpersonal traits high in agency related to left dorsolateral prefrontal and left lateral frontopolar regions, whereas interpersonal traits high in affiliation related to right ventromedial prefrontal and right anteromedial temporal regions. Consistent with the existing literature on neural networks underlying social cognition, these results indicate that brain regions related to externally focused, executive control-related processes underlie agentic interpersonal traits such as dominance, whereas brain regions related to internally focused, emotion- and reward-related processes underlie affiliative interpersonal traits such as warmth. In addition, these findings indicate that interpersonal traits are subserved by complex neural networks rather than discrete anatomic areas.

  18. Pengaruh Metode Belajar Jigsaw Terhadap Keterampilan Hubungan Interpersonal dan Kerjasama Kelompok pada Mahasiswa Fakultas Psikologi

    OpenAIRE

    Asmadi Alsa

    2015-01-01

    This study aims to test the effect of cooperative learning methods, the jigsaw method to interpersonal relationship skill and teamwork of undergraduate students Faculty of Psychology in University A. This study used experimental method with one group and pre posttest design. There are 63 undergraduate students in Educational Psychology Class of 2008/2009 as the subjects. The measurement instrument was Interpersonal Relationship Skill Scale and Teamwork Scale. Interpersonal relationship an...

  19. Pengaruh Metode Belajar Jigsaw Terhadap Keterampilan Hubungan Interpersonal dan Kerjasama Kelompok pada Mahasiswa Fakultas Psikologi

    OpenAIRE

    Alsa, Asmadi

    2015-01-01

    This study aims to test the effect of cooperative learning methods, the jigsaw method to interpersonal relationship skill and teamwork of undergraduate students Faculty of Psychology in University A. This study used experimental method with one group and pre posttest design. There are 63 undergraduate students in Educational Psychology Class of 2008/2009 as the subjects. The measurement instrument was Interpersonal Relationship Skill Scale and Teamwork Scale. Interpersonal relationship and te...

  20. Environmental Esthetics and Interpersonal Attraction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kitchens, James T.; And Others

    1977-01-01

    Discusses a study designed to determine the effects of visual environmental esthetics on interpersonal attraction and concludes that visual esthetics influence participants' perspectives of their partners in live interpersonal communication settings. (MH)

  1. Behavioral Biases in Interpersonal Contexts

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    N. Liu (Ning)

    2017-01-01

    markdownabstractThis thesis presents evidence suggesting that the same types of biases in individual decision making under uncertainty pertain in interpersonal contexts. The chapters above demonstrate in specific contexts how specific interpersonal factors attenuate, amplify, or replicate these bias

  2. 人际关系与角色类型对归因过程及情感变化的影响%The Influence of Interpersonal Relationships and the Types of Roles on Attribution and Emotional Changing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王茹; 石志远; 程乐森

    2014-01-01

    目的:考察人际关系及角色类型对大学生好感度、归因过程、责任推断以及情感变化等的影响。方法根据李晓巍2006年自编的学校处罚情景改编问卷,通过角色扮演,采用likert 7点量表测量120名被试的反应。结果在外部归因维度上的方差分析,人们对朋友倾向于外部归因,对竞争对手倾向于内部归因,陌生人居中(F=7.959,P<0.05)。在内部归因维度上的方差分析,人际关系类型的主效应(F=9.744,P<0.001)及其与角色类型的交互作用均显著(F=3.401,P<0.05)。在情感变化上的方差分析,朋友关系时好感度差值最大,陌生人居中,竞争对手最小。其中朋友与竞争对手之间差异显著( F=4.410, P<0.05)。结论不同人际关系与角色类型在归因部位以及情感变化上作用明显。%Objective To investigate the types of interpersonal relationships( friends,strangers and rivals) as well as the types of roles( own and others) on college students'favorability,attribution processes,judgment of responsibility and emotional response.Methods The data were collected by questionnaires established based on Li Xiaowei's requiring participants role-playing to establish the partic-ipants'relations to the actor in the scenario.120 reaction was measured by scale likert7 points.Results ① On the external attribution dimension,friends tended to make more external attribution,competitors tended to choose internal attribution,strangers was in the center (F=7.959,P<0.05);② On the internal attribution dimension,the types of interpersonal had a significant effect(F=9.744,P<0.001)and the interaction of the types of interpersonal relationships and the types of roles was significant(F=3.401,P<0.05);③On emotional difference,when in the friend scenario the maximum,strangers was middle,whereas the emotional difference of rival scenario was the minimum.And there was a

  3. Relationship between aggressive and interpersonal attribution among students aged nine to twelve%小学高年级学生攻击行为与人际归因关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨奕; 余毅震; 孙艳; 罗贻雪

    2011-01-01

    Objective To explore the factors which influence the students' aggressive behaviors and the features of interpersonal attribution of students, and the relationship between aggressive behaviors and interpersonal attribution, then to provide the foundation for the prevention of aggression. Methods A stratified random cluster sample of 7 008 pupils in urban China were asked to complete the Buss-Warren Aggression Questionnaire and The Multidimentional-Multiattributional Causality Scale. Results The students whose father with a higher educational background ( P<0.05) had lower aggression score, and the students who had strict discipline and higher anticipation from parent ( P<0.001 ) get lower aggression score. The result showed that the students who had good relationship with their teachers and friends had lower score( P<0.001 ). The students who lived in a better social conduct had weak aggressive behaviors( P<0. 001 ). Third, there was an obvious correlation of the outer control of interpersonal attribution with aggressive behaviors ( r=0.4, P<0. 01 ), and the more extroversion in interpersonal attribution, the stronger aggression in behavior. Conclusion Im prove the situation of family, school and society, and help students recognize themselves and improve the relationship with others can better prevent and intervene the aggression of students.%目的 探讨小学生攻击行为与人际归因的关系,对预防攻击行为提供依据.方法 采用多阶段分层整群抽样方法,在安徽、云南、广东、黑龙江、湖北等5省15个大、中、小城市抽取7008名小学生进行攻击行为问卷和人际归因策略调查.结果 父亲文化程度高(P<0.05)、父母管教方式严格、对孩子期望值高(P<0.001)的学生攻击性低;与老师和同学有较好的关系、成绩优良、居住地社会风气较好(P<0.001)的学生攻击得分明显低于其他学生;人际关系外倾性归因与攻击行为有显著相关(r=0.4,P<0.01),

  4. Review of The Interpersonal Communication Book, 13th edition by Joseph A. Devito, New York: Pearson, 2012, 432 pages

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Ioana Schiau

    2016-01-01

    ...” is a well-structured and fundamental book on interpersonal communication, which covers topics as broad as relationships, conflict and communication ethics, and proves the key point that interpersonal...

  5. The Interpersonal Teacher Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuckman, Bruce W.

    1995-01-01

    The Tuckman Teacher Feedback Form identifies five interpersonal teaching factors and styles: organized (managerial), dynamic (charismatic), flexible (laissez-faire), warm/accepting (personable), and creative (imaginative). The feedback generated can help student teachers adjust teaching style prior to service. (SK)

  6. Family history of suicide and interpersonal functioning in suicide attempters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rajalin, Mia; Hirvikoski, Tatja; Salander Renberg, Ellinor; Åsberg, Marie; Jokinen, Jussi

    2017-01-01

    Difficulties in interpersonal relationships are associated with a wide range of psychiatric diagnoses and have been reported as a trigger for suicidal behavior, too. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between interpersonal problems and family history of suicide in suicide attempters and to describe relevant patterns of interpersonal problems in this patient group. The study involves 181 patients having their clinical follow-up after a suicide attempt. Family history of suicide was assessed by using the Karolinska Self Harm History Interview or retrieved in patient records. The Inventory of Interpersonal Problems was used to assess personal style in an interpersonal context. Suicide attempters with a family history of suicide had significantly more often an intrusive personal style. The results remained significant after adjustment for personality disorder. The specific interpersonal patterns associated with family history of suicide may interfere with the ability to create stable, long-lasting relationships. In regards to treatment, these personal qualities could cause difficulties in the alliance with health care personnel and make it harder for suicide attempters to accept or benefit from treatment. Attention to suicide attempters' interpersonal problems is of importance to lower their distress.

  7. Interpersonal factors associated with depression in adolescents: are these consistent with theories underpinning interpersonal psychotherapy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Shea, Gabrielle; Spence, Susan H; Donovan, Caroline L

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate whether depressed adolescents differed from non-depressed adolescents in terms of constructs consistent with those that are proposed to underpin interpersonal psychotherapy. In particular, it was hypothesized that compared with non-depressed adolescents, depressed adolescents would demonstrate a greater number of negative life events associated with interpersonal loss and major life transitions, a more insecure attachment style and poorer communication skills, interpersonal relationships and social support. Thirty-one clinically diagnosed depressed adolescents were matched with 31 non-depressed adolescents on age, gender and socio-economic status. The 62 participants were aged between 12 and 19 years and comprised 18 male and 44 female adolescents. On a self-report questionnaire, depressed adolescents reported a greater number of negative interpersonal life events, a less secure attachment style and scored higher on all insecure attachment styles compared with the non-depressed adolescents. In addition, depressed adolescents demonstrated lower levels of social skill (on both adolescent and parent report), a poorer quality of relationship with parents (on both adolescent and parent report) and lower social competence (adolescent report only). Parents of depressed adolescents also reported more negative parental attitudes and behaviours towards their adolescent compared with parents of non-depressed adolescents. Thus, the results of this study are consistent with the constructs underlying interpersonal psychotherapy and suggest their usefulness in the assessment, conceptualization and treatment of adolescent depression. Clinical implications are discussed.

  8. The Alienation of Interpersonal Relations in China Today%当代中国社会人际关系异化现象透视

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖冬平

    2012-01-01

    The alienation of interpersonal relations represents mainly as follows: understated primary relationship and prioritized secondary relationship.The alienation is mainly caused by 'Westernized relationships(personalized)' before and after the May 4th Movement,'the politicization of human relationships' during the Cultural Revolution and 'the capitalized interpersonal relationships' since the reform and opening up.To create harmonious interpersonal relationships,natural interpersonal relationships(harmonization) should be built.%当代中国社会中人际关系的异化现象主要表现为:初级关系的次级化与次级关系的初级化。这些异化现象主要是由五四运动前后的"人际关系西方化(个性化)"、文革期间的"人际关系政治化"以及改革开放以来的"人际关系资本化"所导致的。要建立和谐的人际关系,就应该是"人际关系自然化(和谐化)"。

  9. Relationship Between Explicit Self-esteem, Implicit Self-esteem and Interpersonal Trust of College Students%大学生外显-内隐自尊与人际信任的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戚静; 王晓明; 李朝旭; 李雯; 赵娜

    2011-01-01

    To explore the relationship between explicit self-esteem, implicit self-esteem and interpersonal trust, 300 college students were tested by Interpersonal Trust Scale (ITS), the Self-Esteem Scale (SES) and Implicit Association Test (IAT) in this study. The%为探讨大学生外显自尊、内隐自尊与人际信任的关系,本研究采用Rotter人际信任量表、Rosenberg自尊量表和内隐联想测验施测300名大学生。结果显示:(1)城乡大学生的外显自尊水平有显著差异,来自城市的大学生其外显自尊显著高于来自乡村的大学生;(2)大学生的外显自尊对人际信任有显著的预测作用;(3)大学生的内隐自尊对人际信任没有显著的预测作用;(4)外显自尊和内隐自尊的交互作用达到边缘显著:高内隐自尊组中,外显自尊对于人际信任水平没有预测作用,低内隐自尊组中,高外显自尊者的人际信任水平显著高于低外显自

  10. The One Another Project: A Quantitative Study of North American Christian College and Seminary Students' Perception of Social Media's Effect on Their Blblical Interpersonal Relationships

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pardue, Micheal S.

    2012-01-01

    Statistics show that social media is being used by a large majority of college students. This technological advent brings with it questions about how social media is affecting the relationships of those who use it. This is especially true for the Church and Christian institutions that put a high value on relationships. This study asked 3,645…

  11. Images of Male Friendships: An Investigation of How African American Undergraduate Men Develop Interpersonal Relationships with Other Men at a Predominantly White Institution

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGowan, Brian Lamont

    2013-01-01

    African American men enter postsecondary institutions having been socialized to adopt stereotypical notions of masculinity. These traditional expectations of masculinity play a role in how African American men negotiate relationships with their male counterparts on the campus. African American men cultivate close relationships with other men to…

  12. The One Another Project: A Quantitative Study of North American Christian College and Seminary Students' Perception of Social Media's Effect on Their Blblical Interpersonal Relationships

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pardue, Micheal S.

    2012-01-01

    Statistics show that social media is being used by a large majority of college students. This technological advent brings with it questions about how social media is affecting the relationships of those who use it. This is especially true for the Church and Christian institutions that put a high value on relationships. This study asked 3,645…

  13. Formational Turning Points in the Transition to College: Understanding How Communication Events Shape First-Generation Students' Pedagogical and Interpersonal Relationships with Their College Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Tiffany R.

    2014-01-01

    In the present study, I explored student-teacher interaction, student-teacher relationship formation and development, and the ways in which student-teacher interaction and relationships facilitated support and persistence for first-generation (FG) students during the transition to college. Using transition theory as a sensitizing framework, I took…

  14. Sharing concerns: Interpersonal worry regulation in romantic couples.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parkinson, Brian; Simons, Gwenda; Niven, Karen

    2016-06-01

    Two dyadic studies investigated interpersonal worry regulation in heterosexual relationships. In Study 1, we video-recorded 40 romantic couples discussing shared concerns. Male partners' worry positively predicted female partners' interpersonal calming attempts, and negatively predicted female partners' interpersonal alerting attempts (i.e., attempts to make their partners appreciate the seriousness of concerns). Video-cued recall data also indicated that changes in partner A's worry over time positively predicted partner B's motivation to reduce partner A's worry, and that this effect was stronger when B was the female partner. Study 2 was a dyadic survey of 100 couples. Individual differences in partner A's negative affect were positive predictors of partner B's interpersonal calming, and individual differences in partner A's expressive suppression were negative predictors of partner B's interpersonal calming. Further, individual differences in male partners' expressivity were significant positive predictors of female partners' interpersonal calming, and individual differences in male partners' reappraisal were significant positive predictors of female partners' interpersonal alerting. These findings suggest that interpersonal worry regulation relates to partners' expression and intrapersonal regulation of worry, but not equally for men and women. (PsycINFO Database Record

  15. Interpersonal trauma, attachment insecurity and anxiety in an inpatient psychiatric population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiltgen, Anika; Arbona, Consuelo; Frankel, Leslie; Frueh, B Christopher

    2015-10-01

    Current research suggests that interpersonal trauma has an impact on insecure attachment and anxiety. Some research further suggests that attachment may play a mediating role between traumatic events and psychopathology. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the experience of interpersonal trauma, attachment anxiety, attachment avoidance and clinical anxiety severity among adult psychiatric inpatients who reported having experienced interpersonal trauma after the age of 16. It was hypothesized that attachment anxiety and attachment avoidance would mediate the relationship between interpersonal trauma and clinical anxiety level. This study used archival data on 414 adult psychiatric inpatients in a large city in the Southwest U.S. Results suggest that interpersonal trauma was correlated to attachment avoidance but not to attachment anxiety and that attachment avoidance partially mediated the relation of interpersonal trauma to anxiety. The attachment framework appositely explains how a negative model of other contributes to the relation between experiences of interpersonal trauma and anxiety in adulthood.

  16. Linearity of dose-response relationships for human carcinogenic exposures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Smith, A.H. (Univ. of California, Berkeley (USA))

    The shape of dose-response relationships is a critical factor in considering cancer risks for the work place and environmental exposure to carcinogens. Markedly different risk estimates result from assumptions of linearity versus sublinear and threshold assumptions. This paper presents evidence that the relationship between the relative risk of development of cancer and the dose rate to carcinogenic exposures is frequently linear with no evidence for thresholds. Dose-response relationships from four studies of asbestos and lung cancer were examined, all of which were consistent with a linear relationship. Analysis of the relationship between the relative risk of lung cancer and exposure to nickel in a smelter study, selected because of relatively good exposure data, demonstrated a close agreement with a linear relationship. The relationship between the level of arsenic in drinking wter and the prevalence of skin cancer also was linear for males in the highest prevalence age group in Taiwan, although there was some evidence of sublinearity for females and younger persons. Also, the relationships between the number of cigarettes smoked per day and the relative risk of lung cancer was very close to linear in many studies. The analysis of these and other studies involving human exposure to carcinogens provides empirical evidence for linearity when the response variable is a rate ratio measure, rather than a risk difference measure. Linearity in dose-response is biologically plausible, without invoking a one-hit model. Except in special circumstances. the epidemiological evidence supports linear extrapolation of cancer relative risks.

  17. 高年级小学生攻击行为与人际归因状况及其关系分析%Relationship between aggressive behavior and interpersonal attribution in senior primary school students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚荣英; 张燕; 彭瑶; 顾璇

    2012-01-01

    Objective To obtain knowledge about aggressive behavior and interpersonal attribution of senior primary school students, and to explore the relationship between them. Methods Stratified random sampling was used to conduct a questionnaire survey in students of the fourth grade, fifth grade and sixth grade. The students were surveyed about their general situation and by aggressive behavior scale and interpersonal attribution scale. The relation between aggressive behavior and interpersonal attribution was analyzed using multiple linear regression. Results The score of aggressive behavior of male students was significantly higher than that of female students; the total, physical aggression, anger and hostility scores of male students of the fourth and fifth grades were significantly higher than those of sixth grade(P<0. 05). The total, physical aggression, verbal aggression, indirect aggression and anger scores of female student of the fifth and sixth grades were significantly higher than those of the fourth grade(P<0. 05). The interpersonal attribution score of male students was significantly higher than that of female students(P<0. 05). The fortune score of male students of the fourth, fifth grades were significantly higher than that of the sixth grade(P<0. 05). There were no significant differences in interpersonal attribution scores in female students of different grades(P>0. 05). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that scores of situation factor of external control and fortune were both positively correlated with scores of total aggressive behavior, physical aggression, indirect aggression, anger and hostility when gender and grade were adjusted(P<0. 05); the scores of effort factor of internal control and situation factor of external control had a positive correlation with score of verbal aggression(P<0. 05). Conclusion The aggressive behavior of senior primary school students is mainly correlated with the external control factors of

  18. Rhythm in joint action: psychological and neurophysiological mechanisms for real-time interpersonal coordination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keller, Peter E; Novembre, Giacomo; Hove, Michael J

    2014-12-19

    Human interaction often requires simultaneous precision and flexibility in the coordination of rhythmic behaviour between individuals engaged in joint activity, for example, playing a musical duet or dancing with a partner. This review article addresses the psychological processes and brain mechanisms that enable such rhythmic interpersonal coordination. First, an overview is given of research on the cognitive-motor processes that enable individuals to represent joint action goals and to anticipate, attend and adapt to other's actions in real time. Second, the neurophysiological mechanisms that underpin rhythmic interpersonal coordination are sought in studies of sensorimotor and cognitive processes that play a role in the representation and integration of self- and other-related actions within and between individuals' brains. Finally, relationships between social-psychological factors and rhythmic interpersonal coordination are considered from two perspectives, one concerning how social-cognitive tendencies (e.g. empathy) affect coordination, and the other concerning how coordination affects interpersonal affiliation, trust and prosocial behaviour. Our review highlights musical ensemble performance as an ecologically valid yet readily controlled domain for investigating rhythm in joint action.

  19. Forum: Interpersonal Communication in Instructional Settings. The Interplay between Interpersonal Communication and Instructional Communication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Punyanunt-Carter, Narissra Maria; Arias, V. Santiago

    2017-01-01

    In this brief forum article, the authors suggest that in order to truly understand communication education, both interpersonal and instructional variables must be analyzed. Instructors, researchers, and scholars need to find balance between content and relationship aspects while being aware of context boundaries to truly assist in maximizing…

  20. Forum: Interpersonal Communication in Instructional Settings. The Interplay between Interpersonal Communication and Instructional Communication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Punyanunt-Carter, Narissra Maria; Arias, V. Santiago

    2017-01-01

    In this brief forum article, the authors suggest that in order to truly understand communication education, both interpersonal and instructional variables must be analyzed. Instructors, researchers, and scholars need to find balance between content and relationship aspects while being aware of context boundaries to truly assist in maximizing…

  1. Human rights and public health : towards a balanced relationship

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Toebes, Brigit

    This contribution attempts to scope the multiple and complex relationships between measures to protect health and the protection of human rights. The article begins with a discussion of the meaning and current understandings of the notion of ‘public health’, after which it explores how ‘public

  2. Study on work stress, coping style and interpersonal relationship sensitivity among doctors%医生工作压力、应对方式与人际关系敏感的关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵铁牛; 杨晓南; 王泓午

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To explore the relationship of work stress, coping style and interpersonal relationship sensitivity a-mong the doctors. METHODS Used stratified and cluster sampling method, the mental health of 368 doctors was investigated in Tianjin. Path analysis with latent variable was done using CALIS process of SAS9.0 statistical software. RESULTS The overall goodness of fit of the model for 19.357, corresponding to P value was 0.055 (P > 0.05). The goodness of fit index of that (GFI) was 0.987, Root Mean Square Residual (RMR) of that was 0.037, comparative fit index (CFI) of that was 0.978. All indicators suggested that the model was fitted better. CONCLUSION Work stress of doctors is the higher, they are the more likely to take a passive coping style, so it leads to interpersonal relationship sensitivity. Medical managers should take practical measures to reduce work stress of doctors and to guide doctors to improve mental health using positive coping styles.%目的 探讨医生工作压力、应对方式与人际关系敏感的关系.方法 采用分层、整群抽样的方法,对天津市368名医生进行了问卷调查.采用SAS9.0统计软件CALIS过程进行隐变量通径分析.结果 模型的整体拟合度的x2为19.357,对应的P值为0.055 (P> 0.05),拟合优度指数(GFI)为0.987,均方根残差(RMR)为0.037,比较拟合指数(CFI)为0.978等指标表明,模型拟合效果较好.结论 医生工作压力越大,越容易采取消极应对方式,最终导致人际关系敏感的发生.医政管理部门应采取切实可行的减轻医生工作压力的措施,引导医生积极应对工作压力,提高心理健康水平.

  3. Interpersonal Skills Summary Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-01

    training . Behavior Therapy, 8(2), 222-228. 2 2 Meloy, J. R. (1980). The effect of assertiveness training on the personality construct extraversion ...guidelines for the relative effectiveness of different training methods for acquiring and transferring skills involved in complex task domains. Broadly...the current report seeks to provide an update regarding the current state of the science on interpersonal skills (IPS) training . Specifically, this

  4. 大学生家庭亲密度、适应性与人际信任的关系%Relationship between the Family Adaptability,Cohesion and the Interpersonal Trust of Undergraduates

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯现刚; 王青

    2011-01-01

    目的:探讨大学生家庭亲密度、适应性与人际信任的关系.方法:采用人际信任量表(TTS)与家庭亲密度和适应性量表FACES-Ⅱ中文版,从某大学随机抽取350名大学生进行家庭亲密度和适应性与人际信任的调查.结果:不同家庭亲密度类型出身的大学生的人际信任总分存在显著性差异(F=6.00,P<0.01):男生的实际家庭亲密度(t=-2.07,P<0.05)、理想家庭亲密度(t=-4.07,P<0.001)、实际家庭适应性(t=-2.87,P<0.01)、理想家庭适应性(t=-2.77,P<0.01)显著性低于女生;实际家庭亲密度与人际信任存在显著性弱正相关(r=0.11,P<0.05);实际家庭亲密度与实际家庭适应性呈显著性正相关(r=0.71,P<0.01);家庭亲密度不满意度与实际家庭适应性呈负相关(r=-0.34,P<0.01),而与其家庭适应性不满意度呈正相关(r=0.70,P<0.01).结论:家庭亲密度越高的大学生越有可能表现出更高的人际信任.%Objective: To study the relationship between the family adaptability, cohesion and the interpersonal trust of undergraduates.Methods: Three hundred and fifty undergraduates from a university were investigated with Family Adaptability and Cohesion Scale (FACE Ⅱ-CV), Interpersonal Trust Scale (ITS). Results: There were significant differences between undergraduates from different family types of family adaptability (F=6.00, P < 0.01). The scores of males in the actual family cohesion (t=-2.07, P <0.05), expected family cohesion (t=-4.07,P <0.0 1). actual family adaptability (t=-2.87. P <0.01) and expected family adaptability (t= -2.77, P <0.01) was significantly lower than females. The actual family adaptability of undergraduates was significant low positively related to their interpersonal trust (r=0.11, P=0.048). The actual family adaptability was significant positivcly related to their actual family cohesion(r=0.71, P <0.05). The dissatisfaction of family adaptability was significant negatively related

  5. Relacionamentos interpessoais e emoções nas organizações: uma visão biológica Interpersonal relationship and emotion in organizations: a biological perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Proença Leitão

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo questiona o tratamento dado pela teoria organizacional aos relacionamentos interpessoais, por sua forma dominantemente racionalista, instrumental e prescritiva e apenas parcialmente integrada ao seu elemento central: a emoção. Sugere uma nova linha de pesquisa para desenvolver uma teoria substantiva sobre relacionamentos intra e interorganizacionais centrada na emoção do amor, conforme seu conceito biológico. E propõe que a investigação tome como referência a experiência do projeto de economia de comunhão.This article discusses the treatment given by the organizational theory to interpersonal relationships, for its dominantly rationalistic, instrumental, and prescriptive form, only partially integrated to its main element: emotion. The article suggests a new line of research for developing a substantive theory of intra and inter-organizational relationships, centered in the emotion of love, according to its biological concept. It also proposes that the investigation use the experience of the communion economy project as a reference.

  6. Relationship between implementing interpersonal communication and mass education campaigns in emergency settings and use of reproductive healthcare services: evidence from Darfur, Sudan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adam, Izzeldin Fadl; Nakamura, Keiko; Kizuki, Masashi; Al Rifai, Rami; Vanching, Urnaa

    2015-09-15

    (1) To examine changes in women's awareness and utilisation of reproductive healthcare services in emergency settings following provision of interpersonal communication (IPC) and mass education campaigns, and (2) to describe factors associated with reproductive healthcare service use in internally displaced person (IDP) camps. Three camps containing 88 984 IDPs in Darfur, Sudan. 640 women aged 15-49 who had experienced pregnancy in the camp during the previous 2 years were enrolled in each of two independent cross-sectional surveys 26 months apart. IPC and mass education campaigns where community health workers disseminated information by home/shelter visits, clinic sessions, public meetings and other means to raise awareness and promote reproductive healthcare service use. Awareness of the existence of antenatal care (ANC) and tetanus toxoid (TT) vaccination services, reception of ANC and TT vaccination, place of delivery and use of postnatal care (PNC). The percentage of women who received home visits, and attended in-clinic sessions and public meetings increased from 61.6% to 86.7%, from 43.0% to 68.8%, and from 3.8% to 39.8%, respectively, between the initial and follow-up surveys. More women were aware of ANC (OR 18.6, 95% CI 13.1 to 26.5) and TT vaccination (OR 3.2, 95% CI 2.4 to 4.4) in the follow-up than the initial survey, after multivariable adjustment. More women received ≥3 ANC visits (OR 8.8, 95% CI 6.4 to 12.0) and ≥3 doses of TT (OR 2.5, 95% CI 1.9 to 3.3), delivered at a healthcare facility (OR 5.4, 95% CI 4.0 to 7.4) and received a PNC visit (OR 5.5, 95% CI 4.0 to 7.7) in the follow-up than in the initial survey, after multivariable adjustment. Awareness about and utilisation of reproductive healthcare services were higher in the follow-up survey. An integrated IPC and mass education campaign is effective for improving women's reproductive health in emergency settings. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use

  7. Self- and Peer Perspectives on Pathological Personality Traits and Interpersonal Problems

    OpenAIRE

    2005-01-01

    This study compares the relationship between personality disorders and interpersonal problems as obtained by self-report and peer-report measures. Participants (N = 393) were administered self- and peer-report versions of the Peer Inventory for Personality Disorder and the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems–64. Canonical analyses demonstrated similar relationships between personality disorder features and interpersonal problems as measured by either self or peer. Analyses between self and pe...

  8. Ethorobotics: A New Approach to Human-Robot Relationship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ádám Miklósi

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Here we aim to lay the theoretical foundations of human-robot relationship drawing upon insights from disciplines that govern relevant human behaviors: ecology and ethology. We show how the paradox of the so called “uncanny valley hypothesis” can be solved by applying the “niche” concept to social robots, and relying on the natural behavior of humans. Instead of striving to build human-like social robots, engineers should construct robots that are able to maximize their performance in their niche (being optimal for some specific functions, and if they are endowed with appropriate form of social competence then humans will eventually interact with them independent of their embodiment. This new discipline, which we call ethorobotics, could change social robotics, giving a boost to new technical approaches and applications.

  9. Interpersonal skill in medicine: the essential partner of verbal communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dyche, Lawrence

    2007-07-01

    Medical educators have promoted skillful communication as a means for doctors to develop positive relationships with their patients. In practice, communication tends to be defined primarily as what doctors say, with less attention to how, when, and to whom they say it. These latter elements of communication, which often carry the emotional content of the discourse, are usually referred to as interpersonal skills. Although recognized as important by some educators, interpersonal skills have received much less attention than task-oriented, verbal aspects. Moreover, the field lacks a common language and conceptualization for discussing them. This paper offers a framework for describing interpersonal skills and understanding their relationship to verbal communication and describes an interpersonal skill-set comprised of Understanding, Empathy, and Relational Versatility.

  10. Comparison of substance use, subjective well-being and interpersonal relationships among young people in foster care and private households: a cross sectional analysis of the School Health Research Network survey in Wales

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, Rhiannon E; Fletcher, Adam; Hewitt, Gillian; Murphy, Simon; Young, Honor; Moore, Graham F

    2017-01-01

    Objective To investigate the association of living in foster care (FC) with substance use and subjective well-being in a sample of secondary school students (11–16 years) in Wales in 2015/16, and to examine whether these associations are attenuated by the perceived quality of interpersonal relationships. Design Cross-sectional, population-based health behaviour and lifestyle questionnaire. Setting and participants Wales, UK; young people who took part in the 2015/16 School Health Research Network (SHRN) questionnaire (n=32 479). Primary outcome Health behaviours among young people in FC were compared with those from private households. Results The prevalence of all adverse outcomes was higher among young people in FC. Those in FC were significantly more likely to report mephedrone use (OR=9.24, 95% CI 5.60 to 15.34), multiple substance misuse behaviours (OR=3.72, 95% CI 2.30 to 6.00), poorer relationships with peers (RR=1.88, 95% CI 1.23 to 2.88) and teachers (RR=1.83, 95% CI 1.31 to 2.56), having experienced bullying (OR=1.80, 95% CI 1.38 to 2.35), dating violence (OR=1.66, 95% CI 1.13 to 2.43) and poor well-being (RR=1.72, 95% CI 1.20 to 2.46). The association between FC and substance use remained significant, though was attenuated after accounting for relationship variables. The association between FC and subjective well-being became non-significant after adjustment for relationship variables. Conclusions Young people living in FC experience significantly worse outcomes than young people not in care, likely due to a range of care and precare factors, which impact adversely on subsequent social relationships. The analyses are consistent with the hypothesis that the associations of FC with substance use and life satisfaction are partially explained by poorer quality social relationships. Large scale, longitudinal studies are required to investigate the relationship between being in care and health, educational and social outcomes. Mental health interventions

  11. Nature as Relationship Partner: An Old Frame Revisited

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antal, Miklós; Drews, Stefan

    2015-01-01

    Language use that embodies a mechanistic, instrumental view of nature contributes to the environmental predicament. This paper argues that interpersonal relationships can be applied as suitable analogies and metaphors for human-nature relationships. To show that such reframing is necessary and possible, we used the Google Ngram Viewer to study how…

  12. 基于礼貌策略的“てくれる”对人调节机能探究%The Research on-tekureru(てくれる)’s Adjustment of Interpersonal Relationships Based on the Polite Policy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭力

    2016-01-01

    日语的授受表达受到人际关系的影响,说话者、听话者和第三者之间的上下关系、亲疏关系、内外关系等都制约着授受表达形式的选取。正确的表达可以给人际关系带来积极影响,不恰当的表达将给人际关系带来消极影响,阻碍交流的顺利进行。文章以礼貌策略为理论基础,对授受表达中的“てくれる”的对人调节机能展开研究,以期对学习者的日语语言应用能力的提高起到推动作用。%Japanese expression of giving and receiving is influenced by interpersonal relationship. Supe-rior and subordinate relationships,close and distant relationships,internal and external relationships of the speaker,listener and the third party can all restrict the expression of giving and receiving. The correct ex-pression can have a positive impact on the interpersonal relationship,while the wrong one will have a nega-tive impact on the interpersonal relationship and hinder the communication. This paper studies on the expres-sion tekureru's adjustment on interpersonal relationships based on polite strategy so as to play an active driv-ing role in improving learners' Japanese application ability.

  13. The science of interpersonal touch: an overview.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallace, Alberto; Spence, Charles

    2010-02-01

    Surprisingly little scientific research has been conducted on the topic of interpersonal touch over the years, despite the importance of touch in our everyday social interactions from birth through to adulthood and old age. In this review, we critically evaluate the results of the research on this topic that have emerged from disciplines, such as cognitive and social psychology, neuroscience, and cultural anthropology. We highlight some of the most important advances to have been made in our understanding of this topic: For example, research has shown that interpersonal tactile stimulation provides an effective means of influencing people's social behaviors (such as modulating their tendency to comply with requests, in affecting people's attitudes toward specific services, in creating bonds between couples or groups, and in strengthening romantic relationships), regardless of whether or not the tactile contact itself can be remembered explicitly. What is more, interpersonal touch can be used to communicate emotion in a manner similar to that demonstrated previously in vision and audition. The recent growth of studies investigating the potential introduction of tactile sensations to long-distance communication technologies (by means of mediated or 'virtual' touch) are also reviewed briefly. Finally, we highlight the synergistic effort that will be needed by researchers in different disciplines if we are to develop a more complete understanding of interpersonal touch in the years to come.

  14. Is Empowerment or Women's Subjugation? Experiences of Interpersonal Sexual Objectification

    OpenAIRE

    Gemma Sáez; Inmaculada Valor-Segura; Francisca Expósito

    2012-01-01

    Interpersonal sexual objectification is defined as the act of reducing a woman to her body or body parts. It could be considered as a form of sexist discrimination, in which women have a differential treatment minimizing the importance of their inner qualities. The aim of this study, in which involved 251 participants, was to analyze the perception of interpsersonal sexual objectification in men and women. In addition, we examined the relationship between the interpersonal sexual objectificat...

  15. "He Comes to Talk to Me about Things": Supporting Pupils Experiencing Social and Emotional Behavioural Difficulties--A Focus upon Interpersonal Relationships

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mowat, Joan Gaynor

    2010-01-01

    This paper argues for the centrality of high-quality trusting and respectful relationships within the school setting, particularly between teachers and pupils. It argues for the need to pay careful attention to the nature of the interventions that are adopted to support the social and emotional development of young people and for the need to…

  16. Relationship between Humans and Nature in Melville's Moby Dick

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余奕汶

    2015-01-01

    Herman Melville,with Moby Dick as his masterpiece,is a famous romantic writer.Moby Dick is a"bright pearl" in the literary treasury of the world.By allegorically depicting the cruel killing of whales by the Captain Ahab and other sailors in his whaling ship,and their tragically being drowned in the sea,the writer reveals that if humans are too self-centered,we will inevitably be punished by nature.Start with the three states that humans get along with nature in Moby Dick,my thesis aims at exploring the transformations of the relationship between humans and nature as well as the edification that humans may gain from the tragic story.

  17. Lethal interpersonal violence in the Middle Pleistocene.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sala, Nohemi; Arsuaga, Juan Luis; Pantoja-Pérez, Ana; Pablos, Adrián; Martínez, Ignacio; Quam, Rolf M; Gómez-Olivencia, Asier; Bermúdez de Castro, José María; Carbonell, Eudald

    2015-01-01

    Evidence of interpersonal violence has been documented previously in Pleistocene members of the genus Homo, but only very rarely has this been posited as the possible manner of death. Here we report the earliest evidence of lethal interpersonal violence in the hominin fossil record. Cranium 17 recovered from the Sima de los Huesos Middle Pleistocene site shows two clear perimortem depression fractures on the frontal bone, interpreted as being produced by two episodes of localized blunt force trauma. The type of injuries, their location, the strong similarity of the fractures in shape and size, and the different orientations and implied trajectories of the two fractures suggest they were produced with the same object in face-to-face interpersonal conflict. Given that either of the two traumatic events was likely lethal, the presence of multiple blows implies an intention to kill. This finding shows that the lethal interpersonal violence is an ancient human behavior and has important implications for the accumulation of bodies at the site, supporting an anthropic origin.

  18. Lethal interpersonal violence in the Middle Pleistocene.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nohemi Sala

    Full Text Available Evidence of interpersonal violence has been documented previously in Pleistocene members of the genus Homo, but only very rarely has this been posited as the possible manner of death. Here we report the earliest evidence of lethal interpersonal violence in the hominin fossil record. Cranium 17 recovered from the Sima de los Huesos Middle Pleistocene site shows two clear perimortem depression fractures on the frontal bone, interpreted as being produced by two episodes of localized blunt force trauma. The type of injuries, their location, the strong similarity of the fractures in shape and size, and the different orientations and implied trajectories of the two fractures suggest they were produced with the same object in face-to-face interpersonal conflict. Given that either of the two traumatic events was likely lethal, the presence of multiple blows implies an intention to kill. This finding shows that the lethal interpersonal violence is an ancient human behavior and has important implications for the accumulation of bodies at the site, supporting an anthropic origin.

  19. Preventing Interpersonal Violence in Europe

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    AIM: To describe the burden of interpersonal violence, risk factors and discuss the need for evidence based action to reduce the public health threat of interpersonal violence. METHODS: Global Health Estimates data were used to describe the mortality and meta-analyses from previous reports were used to describe the prevalence of the different types of interpersonal violence and to discuss the options for evidence informed prevention programmes.  RESULTS: In the 53 countries of the WHO...

  20. Microbial co-occurrence relationships in the human microbiome.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karoline Faust

    Full Text Available The healthy microbiota show remarkable variability within and among individuals. In addition to external exposures, ecological relationships (both oppositional and symbiotic between microbial inhabitants are important contributors to this variation. It is thus of interest to assess what relationships might exist among microbes and determine their underlying reasons. The initial Human Microbiome Project (HMP cohort, comprising 239 individuals and 18 different microbial habitats, provides an unprecedented resource to detect, catalog, and analyze such relationships. Here, we applied an ensemble method based on multiple similarity measures in combination with generalized boosted linear models (GBLMs to taxonomic marker (16S rRNA gene profiles of this cohort, resulting in a global network of 3,005 significant co-occurrence and co-exclusion relationships between 197 clades occurring throughout the human microbiome. This network revealed strong niche specialization, with most microbial associations occurring within body sites and a number of accompanying inter-body site relationships. Microbial communities within the oropharynx grouped into three distinct habitats, which themselves showed no direct influence on the composition of the gut microbiota. Conversely, niches such as the vagina demonstrated little to no decomposition into region-specific interactions. Diverse mechanisms underlay individual interactions, with some such as the co-exclusion of Porphyromonaceae family members and Streptococcus in the subgingival plaque supported by known biochemical dependencies. These differences varied among broad phylogenetic groups as well, with the Bacilli and Fusobacteria, for example, both enriched for exclusion of taxa from other clades. Comparing phylogenetic versus functional similarities among bacteria, we show that dominant commensal taxa (such as Prevotellaceae and Bacteroides in the gut often compete, while potential pathogens (e.g. Treponema and