WorldWideScience

Sample records for human connectedness ren

  1. Assessing sustainable biophysical human-nature connectedness at regional scales

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dorninger, Christian; Abson, David J.; Fischer, Joern; von Wehrden, Henrik

    2017-05-01

    Humans are biophysically connected to the biosphere through the flows of materials and energy appropriated from ecosystems. While this connection is fundamental for human well-being, many modern societies have—for better or worse—disconnected themselves from the natural productivity of their immediate regional environment. In this paper, we conceptualize the biophysical human-nature connectedness of land use systems at regional scales. We distinguish two mechanisms by which primordial connectedness of people to regional ecosystems has been circumvented via the use of external inputs. First, ‘biospheric disconnection’ refers to people drawing on non-renewable minerals from outside the biosphere (e.g. fossils, metals and other minerals). Second, ‘spatial disconnection’ arises from the imports and exports of biomass products and imported mineral resources used to extract and process ecological goods. Both mechanisms allow for greater regional resource use than would be possible otherwise, but both pose challenges for sustainability, for example, through waste generation, depletion of non-renewable resources and environmental burden shifting to distant regions. In contrast, biophysically reconnected land use systems may provide renewed opportunities for inhabitants to develop an awareness of their impacts and fundamental reliance on ecosystems. To better understand the causes, consequences, and possible remedies related to biophysical disconnectedness, new quantitative methods to assess the extent of regional biophysical human-nature connectedness are needed. To this end, we propose a new methodological framework that can be applied to assess biophysical human-nature connectedness in any region of the world.

  2. Love in Connectedness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Linda Rykkje

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Spirituality is important when caring for the whole human being. Earlier research found Love in connectedness to be a core category in spirituality. The study aim is to deepen our understanding of Love in connectedness, and contribute to the theoretical knowledge development of the concept of spirituality from a caring science perspective. The method was a review of 20 research articles concerning connectedness and love, which were interpreted through a Gadamerian-based hermeneutical approach. Emerging themes were three forms of connectedness, compassion, and the risk of losing love in caring for the patient. In addition, we reflected on love and ethics, based on the writings of Tillich. According to Tillich, love is a drive toward unity of the separated. This drive can be seen in both connectedness with others, in connectedness with something larger than oneself, and may indirectly apply to connectedness with oneself. We find that both connectedness and love are key concepts in caring for the patient.

  3. [An exceptional human relationship (Michael P. Kierkegaard, Søren Kierkegaard)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobs, R

    1978-01-01

    There were a father and a son, Michael and Sören Kierkegaard, both highly talented, imaginitive, witty, humorous, especially interested in shrewd dialectrical dialogues respectively debates, both profound melancholy ponderers. But according to very own individuality their congeniality wasn't absolute. The father, being under a questionable rigorous opinion of sin, suffered from undeserved divine grace since early childhood. And Michael Kierkegaard made Sören anxious with the religious experience of original sin. This anxiety moved (touched or affected) the sensitive son mighty. Nevertheless he should not despair hopelessly like his unlucky father. On the contrary: Sørens incomparable melancholy, mental agony and anxiety (fear or anguish) forced the faith, existing independently of them, in a radical refining. That is why Sören Kierkegaard succeeded in sublimation of all psychological and philosophic (al) attitudes (or opinions) in the sphere of religiousness. And the result? A novel philosophy of life: Christian existentialism.

  4. From Environmental Connectedness to Sustainable Futures: Topophilia and Human Affiliation with Nature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Beery

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Human affiliation with nonhuman nature is an important dimension of environmental concern and support for pro-environmental attitudes. A significant theory of human connectedness with nature, the Biophilia Hypothesis, suggests that there exists a genetically based inclination for human affiliation with the biological world. Both support and challenge to the Biophilia Hypothesis are abundant in the literature of environmental psychology. One response that both challenges and builds upon the Biophilia Hypothesis is the Topophilia Hypothesis. The Topophilia Hypothesis has extended the ideas of biophilia to incorporate a broader conception of nonhuman nature and a co-evolutionary theory of genetic response and cultural learning. While the Topophilia Hypothesis is a new idea, it is built upon long-standing scholarship from humanistic geography and theories in human evolution. The Topophilia Hypothesis expands previous theory and provides a multidisciplinary consideration of how biological selection and cultural learning may have interacted during human evolution to promote adaptive mechanisms for human affiliation with nonhuman nature via specific place attachment. Support for this possible co-evolutionary foundation for place-based human affiliation with nonhuman nature is explored from multiple vantage points. We raise the question of whether this affiliation may have implications for multifunctional landscape management. Ultimately, we propose that nurturing potential topophilic tendencies may be a useful method to promote sustainable efforts at the local level with implications for the global.

  5. The Adhesion of Lactobacillus salivarius REN to a Human Intestinal Epithelial Cell Line Requires S-layer Proteins

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Ran; Jiang, Lun; Zhang, Ming; Zhao, Liang; Hao, Yanling; Guo, Huiyuan; Sang, Yue; Zhang, Hao; Ren, Fazheng

    2017-01-01

    Lactobacillus salivarius REN, a novel probiotic isolated from Chinese centenarians, can adhere to intestinal epithelial cells and subsequently colonize the host. We show here that the surface-layer protein choline-binding protein A (CbpA) of L. salivarius REN was involved in adherence to the human colorectal adenocarcinoma cell line HT-29. Adhesion of a cbpA deletion mutant was significantly reduced compared with that of wild-type, suggesting that CbpA acts as an adhesin that mediates the interaction between the bacterium and its host. To identify the molecular mechanism of adhesion, we determined the crystal structure of a truncated form of CbpA that is likely involved in binding to its cell-surface receptor. The crystal structure identified CbpA as a peptidase of the M23 family whose members harbor a zinc-dependent catalytic site. Therefore, we propose that CbpA acts as a multifunctional surface protein that cleaves the host extracellular matrix and participates in adherence. Moreover, we identified enolase as the CbpA receptor on the surface of HT-29 cells. The present study reveals a new class of surface-layer proteins as well as the molecular mechanism that may contribute to the ability of L. salivarius REN to colonize the human gut. PMID:28281568

  6. René Arze

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Entrevista (en español/Entretien (en espagnol Presentación/présentationEn esta entrevista, René Arze nos presenta sus trabajos de investigación sobre las guerras de Bolivia y más particularmente sobre la guerra del Chaco. Especialemente su trabajo de campo, la grabación de entrevistas de ex combatientes de la guerra del Chaco como un trabajo para la preservación de la memoria de los anónimos de la guerra. Dans cet entretien, René Arze présente ses travaux de recherche sur les guerres qui o...

  7. Between Constructivism and Connectedness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gordon, Mordechai

    2008-01-01

    Parker Palmer is correct in his claims that good teaching depends more on the capacity for connectedness than on technique and that helping teacher candidates cultivate a strong sense of personal identity is crucial. However, to what extent are Palmer's claims compatible with the various constructivist models of learning that are now prevalent in…

  8. Ren Dahua In His Prime

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    <正>Ren Dahua has been considered as one of the most sexual men stars in the film circle, because he is fashionable and has been married to a modern sexual wife. That’s the reason why his status as an actor has been ignored until the film PTU is shown.PTU made Ren become an film emperor but lose his chance to win the gold prize. In spite of this, his acting has been recognized.

  9. Object-based connectedness facilitates matching

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koning, A.R.; Lier, R.J. van

    2003-01-01

    In two matching tasks, participants had to match two images of object pairs. Image-based (113) connectedness refers to connectedness between the objects in an image. Object-based (OB) connectedness refers to connectedness between the interpreted objects. In Experiment 1, a monocular depth cue

  10. An Attachment Model of University Connectedness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Steffen; Gore, Jonathan

    2013-01-01

    Students with high levels of connectedness to the university have been found to be more likely to complete their college degree than are students with low levels of university connectedness. This study examined the role of parental and peer attachment as distal predictors of school connectedness. As predicted, it was found that attachment style to…

  11. Rapid Genotyping of the Human Renin (REN Gene by the LightCycler® Instrument: Identification of Unexpected Nucleotide Substitutions within the Selected Hybridization Probe Area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Line Wee

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Preeclampsia is a serious disorder affecting nearly 3% of all in the Western world. It is associated with hypertension and proteinuria, and several lines of evidence suggest that the renin-angiotensin system (RAS may be involved in the development of hypertension at different stages of a preeclamptic pregnancy. In this study, we developed rapid genotyping assays on the LightCycler® instrument to allow the detection of genetic variants in the renin gene (REN that may predispose to preeclampsia. The method is based on real-time PCR and allele-specific hybridization probes, followed by fluorescent melting curve analysis to expose a change in melting temperature (Tm. Ninety-two mother-father-child triads (n=276 from preeclamptic pregnancies were genotyped for three haplotype-tagging single nucleotide polymorphisms (htSNPs in REN. All three htSNPs (rs5705, rs1464816 and rs3795575 were successfully genotyped. Furthermore, two unexpected nucleotide substitutions (rs11571084 and rs61757041 were identified within the selected hybridization probe area of rs1464816 and rs3795575 due to aberrant melting peaks. In conclusion, genotyping on the LightCycler® instrument proved to be rapid and highly reproducible. The ability to uncover additional nucleotide substitutions is particularly important in that it allows the identification of potentially etiological variants that might otherwise be overlooked by other genotyping methods.

  12. Perfectionism and Social Connectedness in Graduate Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amodeo, Diana

    2014-01-01

    Previous research has identified a link between perfectionism and social adjustment; however the relationship between perfectionism and social connectedness has not been directly explored. The present study was designed to examine the relationship between specific dimensions of perfectionism and their association with social connectedness.…

  13. Strengthening Bullying Prevention through School Staff Connectedness

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Brennan, Lindsey M.; Waasdorp, Tracy E.; Bradshaw, Catherine P.

    2014-01-01

    The growing concern about bullying and school violence has focused national attention on various aspects of school climate and school connectedness. The current study examined dimensions of staff connectedness (i.e., personal, student, staff, and administration) in relation to staff members' comfort intervening in bullying situations (e.g.,…

  14. ICT development for social and rural connectedness

    CERN Document Server

    Alias, Nor Aziah

    2013-01-01

    ICT Development for Social and Rural Connectedness provides an introduction to the concept of 'connectedness', and explores how this socio-psychological term has evolved during the age of the Internet. The book surveys the principles of ICT for development (ICTD), and closely examines how ICT has played a pivotal role in the rural community development of various countries. To highlight the continued benefits of ICT in these regions, the book presents an in-depth case study that analyzes the connectedness within the rural internet centers of Malaysia. The book is intended primarily for researc

  15. Connectedness of pregnant adolescents who smoke.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albrecht, Susan A; Reynolds, Maureen D; Cornelius, Marie D; Heidinger, Joely; Armfield, Caroline

    2002-01-01

    To examine the relationship of the constructs from the family and school environments and protective individual characteristics to health risk behaviors among pregnant adolescents who smoke. Inner-city adolescents (N = 53), aged 14-19 years, who were participating in a smoking cessation intervention program, completed self-report demographic, social, and behavioral questionnaires. Independent variables included family connectedness, school connectedness, and individual characteristics of religiosity, self-esteem, and grade-point average. Three areas of health risk behavior were dependent variables: delinquent behavior, substance, and precocious sexual behavior. Positive self-esteem served as a protectivefactorfor alcohol use. In contrast to past studies, school connectedness was a risk, not a protective, factor for substance abuse. Neither school nor family connectedness were protective against delinquent or precocious sexual behavior.

  16. Anoressia e mimesi secondo René Girard

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosa Sidella

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Anorexia and Mimesis in René Girard’s Thought - One of the basic premises of Girard’s thought is the theory of mimetic desire, for which, in all human relationships, the Other as a model is perceived as a rival. Mimesis is also found in narcissism, in love relationships and eating disorders, such as anorexia and bulimia, which cannot and should not be classified only in psychoanalytic terms. In fact, we should in such cases consider cultural and social contexts, which also impose prescriptions about the care and appearance of the body.

  17. Nicholas Steno and Renè Descartes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olden-Jørgensen, Sebastian

    2009-01-01

    Den danske videnskabsmand Niels Steensen (1638-86) læste allerede som ung student Renè Descartes og blev grebet af hans metode, som han forblev tro i hele sit videnskabelige virke. Cartesianismen kan beskrives som Steensens videnskabelige paradigme (Kuhn), men det var også et paradigme, han testede...

  18. Developing a Comprehensive School Connectedness Scale for Program Evaluation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chung-Do, Jane J.; Goebert, Deborah A.; Chang, Janice Y.; Hamagani, Fumiaki

    2015-01-01

    Background: Evidence show that school connectedness is important to youth wellness. However, considerable inconsistency in the concepts and measures of school connectedness exists across studies. In addition, many measures do not capture the multifaceted dimensions of the school connectedness construct. This study examined the psychometric…

  19. Study on the Measures of Connectedness Between Herds

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Hao; LIU Xiao-hong; WANG Chong; LI Jia-qi; CHEN Yao-sheng

    2004-01-01

    Pig breeding is generally conducted among many herds, so EBV comparisons across populations are necessary. Genetic connectedness is required for reliable between-farmanimal EBV comparisons.Five quantitative overall connectedness measures among populations have been proposed so far,coefficient of connectedness(γ*), coefficient of determination (CD) and overall indices of precision, connectedness rating, number of direct genetic links between subpopulations due to common sires and dams (GLt), and average genetic covariance (AGC) are reviewed and theirproperties are discussed in this paper. It is recommended to use AGC at present for measuring genetic connectedness between herds.

  20. Genomic Relatedness Strengthens Genetic Connectedness Across Management Units.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Haipeng; Spangler, Matthew L; Lewis, Ronald M; Morota, Gota

    2017-08-31

    Genetic connectedness refers to a measure of genetic relatedness across management units (e.g., herds and flocks). With the presence of high genetic connectedness in management units, best linear unbiased prediction (BLUP) is known to provide reliable comparisons between genetic values. Genetic connectedness has been studied for pedigree-based BLUP; however, relatively little attention has been paid to using genomic information to measure connectedness. In this study, we assessed genome-based connectedness across management units by applying prediction error variance of difference (PEVD), coefficient of determination (CD), and prediction error correlation (r) to a combination of computer simulation and real data (mice and cattle). We found that genomic information (G) increased the estimate of connectedness among individuals from different management units compared to that based on pedigree (A). A disconnected design benefited the most. In both datasets, PEVD and CD statistics inferred increased connectedness across units when using G- rather than A-based relatedness suggesting stronger connectedness. With r once using allele frequencies equal to one-half or scaling G to values between 0 and 2, which is intrinsic to A, connectedness also increased with genomic information. However, PEVD occasionally increased, and r decreased when obtained using the alternative form of G, instead suggesting less connectedness. Such inconsistencies were not found with CD. We contend that genomic relatedness strengthens measures of genetic connectedness across units and has the potential to aid genomic evaluation of livestock species. Copyright © 2017, G3: Genes, Genomes, Genetics.

  1. Quasiuniversal Connectedness Percolation of Polydisperse Rod Systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nigro, B.; Grimaldi, C.; Chatterjee, A.P.; van der Schoot, P. P. A. M.

    2013-01-01

    The connectedness percolation threshold (ηc) and critical coordination number (Zc) of systems of penetrable spherocylinders characterized by a length polydispersity are studied by way of Monte Carlo simulations for several aspect ratio distributions. We find that (i) ηc is a nearly universal functio

  2. Cooperative Inquiry for Learning and Connectedness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ospina, Sonia; El Hadidy, Waad; Hofmann-Pinilla, Amparo

    2008-01-01

    There has been rising concern about the disconnect between universities, their communities and society at large. This is of special interest to professional schools, whose missions are founded on connecting practice and theory. We argue that cooperative inquiry, an action-based methodology, can help foster connectedness and contribute to healing…

  3. The relationship between nature connectedness and happiness: a meta-analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Colin A. Capaldi

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Research suggests that contact with nature can be beneficial, for example leading to improvements in mood, cognition, and health. A distinct but related idea is the personality construct of subjective nature connectedness, a stable individual difference in cognitive, affective, and experiential connection with the natural environment. Subjective nature connectedness is a strong predictor of pro-environmental attitudes and behaviours that may also be positively associated with subjective well-being. This meta-analysis was conducted to examine the relationship between nature connectedness and happiness. Based on 30 samples (n = 8,523, a fixed-effect meta-analysis found a small but significant effect size (r = .19. Those who are more connected to nature tended to experience more positive affect, vitality, and life satisfaction compared to those less connected to nature. Publication status, year, average age, and percentage of females in the sample were not significant moderators. Vitality had the strongest relationship with nature connectedness (r = .24, followed by positive affect (r = .22 and life satisfaction (r = .17. In terms of specific nature connectedness measures, associations were the strongest between happiness and inclusion of nature in self (r = .27, compared to nature relatedness (r = .18 and connectedness to nature (r = .18. This research highlights the importance of considering personality when examining the psychological benefits of nature. The results suggest that closer human-nature relationships do not have to come at the expense of happiness. Rather, this meta-analysis shows that being connected to nature and feeling happy are, in fact, connected.

  4. Renæssancen i svøb

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

      Hvornår holder middelalderen op og afløses af renæssancen? Og kan det virkelig passe at renæssancen i Danmark først slår igennem 150 år efter den italienske? Disse spørgsmål mødtes en række forskere og specialister om og diskuterede i det danske renæssanceår 2006. Resultatet blev 13 nye bidrag ...

  5. Isak Dinesen Reading Søren Kierkegaard

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bunch, Mads

    Not only did Isak Dinesen (Karen Blixen, 1885-1962) read the works of her fellow-countryman, the Danish philosopher Søren Kierkegaard (1813-1855), closely, she also created a surprisingly large number of tales that critically engage Kierkegaard’s works. In this thorough comparative study, Mads Bu...... and develops from the early tale ‘Carnival’ (1926-27) to ‘The Dreamers’ (1934), ‘The Pearls’ (1942), ‘Babette’s Feast’ (1950) and her last tale ‘Ehrengard’ (1963). Bunch’s close readings reveal that Dinesen’s ironical counter-tales concerning Kierkegaard border at times on sheer parody....

  6. Thought Experiment Analyses of René Descartes' Cogito

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    C. P. Hertogh

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: René Descartes' Cogito is an example of a paradigmatic thought experiment, herald of both subjectivism and new science in Europe's Modern Age, that seems to have escaped the attention of thought experiment philosophers. On deep analysis, the Cogito appears as universal instantiation (or modus ponens with implicit major 'whatever has the property of thinking, exists'. The Cogito has strong rhetorical effects for it narratively generalizes from I to all human kind, and its historical and philosophical success can be explained from its concise enthymematic structure that rings true in many possible senses. We consider it a preeminent example of a thought experiment as it states the power of thinking as its very contents. From Descartes' methodology of doubt we can conclude that, e.g., on a Wittgensteinian interpretation, the Cogito is a logical thought experiment rather than a psychological one.

  7. Historical Perspectives on Erklären and Verstehen: Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feest, Uljana

    The conceptual dichotomy of Erklären and Verstehen (explaining vs. understanding) has a revealing dual status. On the one hand, it has something of an antiquated air to it, as we loosely associate its origins with the work of Wilhelm Dilthey and other nineteenth-century German philosophers who are not widely read any more, at least not within contemporary Anglo-American history and philosophy of the human sciences. At the same time, however, remnants of the dichotomy still come up in various guises and in various areas of contemporary philosophy and philosophy of science. One example is the long-standing debate over the logical status of action explanations ("reasons vs. causes") in philosophy of mind (Davidson 1980), and associated issues of "teleological explanations" and the explanatory status of laws of nature in the philosophy of the human sciences (Dray 1957; Hempel 1965; von Wright 1971). Another is the question of whether the subject matter of the social sciences requires a special type of interpretative, hermeneutic, or perhaps even empathetic, "access" (Collingwood 1946; Winch 1964; Taylor [1971] 1985). More recently, there has been renewed interest in the question of how to explicate our capacity to interpret another person's actions (see the recent suggestion that the "theory-theory" vs. "simulation theory" distinction is similar to some aspects of the Erklären/Verstehen distinction) (Kögler and Stueber 2000). And within mainstream analytical philosophy of the social sciences, one of the central topics has long been the question of whether social facts/events can be reduced to the explanations of the actions of individuals (e.g., Kincaid 1997), raising questions about the units at which explanatory and/or interpretive efforts ought to be directed. ("individualism" vs. "holism"). This question can be traced back to early twentieth-century debates in economics and other emerging social sciences (Udehn 2001).

  8. ren Buus. Thirty years of psychoacoustic inspiration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Torben

    2005-01-01

    ren Buus did his MSc at the Acoustics Laboratory, Technical University of Denmark (DTU), in 1975 on the topic headphone calibration. He showed the importance of reliable reference values for psychoacoustic research and Søren was a great inspiration for my work (Scand. Audiol. 20, 205–207 (1991...

  9. ren og magten i Danmark, 1614-1662

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lind, Gunner

    Udviklingen i det danske militær fra hærens oprettelse til ind i enevælden, og dens betydning for den politiske og sociale magtstruktur.......Udviklingen i det danske militær fra hærens oprettelse til ind i enevælden, og dens betydning for den politiske og sociale magtstruktur....

  10. Ren Shuaiying,an Accomplished Gongbi Zhongcai Master

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LiuYinglan

    1996-01-01

    REN Shuaiying,a famous master painter of gongbi zhongcai(meticulous style painting in rich colors),has been gone for this great master,people still admire his complishment.Ren was born to a poor peasant family in Shulu County,Hebei Preovince.He became an orphan in early childhood,and was adopted by his

  11. Adolescents' Perceptions of Family Connectedness, Intrinsic Religiosity, and Depressed Mood

    Science.gov (United States)

    Houltberg, Benjamin J.; Henry, Carolyn S.; Merten, Michael J.; Robinson, Linda C.

    2011-01-01

    Using a sample of 248 ninth and tenth grade students at public high schools, we examined adolescents' perceptions of family connectedness, intrinsic religiosity, and adolescents' gender in relation to depressed mood and whether intrinsic religiosity and gender moderated the association of aspects of family connectedness to adolescent depressed…

  12. Food Practices and School Connectedness: A Whole-School Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neely, Eva; Walton, Mat; Stephens, Christine

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: The health-promoting schools (HPSs) framework has emerged as a promising model for promoting school connectedness in the school setting. The purpose of this paper is to explore the potential for food practices to promote school connectedness within a HPSs framework. Design/methodology/approach: This study explores food practices within a…

  13. Adolescents' Perceptions of Family Connectedness, Intrinsic Religiosity, and Depressed Mood

    Science.gov (United States)

    Houltberg, Benjamin J.; Henry, Carolyn S.; Merten, Michael J.; Robinson, Linda C.

    2011-01-01

    Using a sample of 248 ninth and tenth grade students at public high schools, we examined adolescents' perceptions of family connectedness, intrinsic religiosity, and adolescents' gender in relation to depressed mood and whether intrinsic religiosity and gender moderated the association of aspects of family connectedness to adolescent depressed…

  14. Food Practices and School Connectedness: A Whole-School Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neely, Eva; Walton, Mat; Stephens, Christine

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: The health-promoting schools (HPSs) framework has emerged as a promising model for promoting school connectedness in the school setting. The purpose of this paper is to explore the potential for food practices to promote school connectedness within a HPSs framework. Design/methodology/approach: This study explores food practices within a…

  15. The Hemingway: Measure of Adolescent Connectedness-- Validation Studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karcher, Michael J.

    This investigation reports the development of a measure of adolescent connectedness and estimates of its psychometric properties. A measure was developed to assess the ecological and developmental dimensions of adolescent connectedness, defined as adolescents' caring for and involvement in specific relationships and contexts within their social…

  16. Relations among School Connectedness, Hope, Life Satisfaction, and Bully Victimization

    Science.gov (United States)

    You, Sukkyung; Furlong, Michael J.; Felix, Erika; Sharkey, Jill D.; Tanigawa, Diane; Green, Jennifer Greif

    2008-01-01

    This study investigates the role of school connectedness in mediating the relation between students' sense of hope and life satisfaction for three groups: Bullied Victims, Peer Victims, and Nonvictims. Students in grades 5 to 12 (N = 866) completed the California Bully/Victim Scale, School Connectedness Scale, Children's Hope Scale, and Students'…

  17. Development of a Cultural Connectedness Scale for First Nations youth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snowshoe, Angela; Crooks, Claire V; Tremblay, Paul F; Craig, Wendy M; Hinson, Riley E

    2015-03-01

    Despite a growing recognition of cultural connectedness as an important protective factor for First Nations (FN) peoples' health, there remains a clear need for a conceptual model that organizes, explains, and leads to an understanding of the resiliency mechanisms underlying this concept for FN youth. The current study involved the development of the Cultural Connectedness Scale (CCS) to identify a new scale of cultural connectedness. A sample of 319 FN, Métis, and Inuit youths enrolled in Grades 8-12 from reserve and urban areas in Saskatchewan and Southwestern Ontario, Canada, participated in the current study. A combination of rational expert judgments and empirical data were used to refine the pool of items to a set that is a representative sample of the indicators of the cultural connectedness construct. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was used to examine the latent structure of the cultural connectedness items, and a confirmatory factor analysis was used to test the fit of a more parsimonious version of the final EFA model. The resulting 29-item inventory consisted of 3 dimensions: identity, traditions, and spirituality. Criterion validity was demonstrated with cultural connectedness dimensions correlating well with other youth well-being indicators. The conceptualization and operationalization of the cultural connectedness has a number of potential applications both for research and prevention. This study provides an orienting framework that guides measurement of cultural connectedness that researchers need to further explore the role of culture in enhancing resiliency and well-being among FN youth in Canada.

  18. Social connectedness and the transition from work to retirement

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lancee, B.; Radl, J.

    2012-01-01

    Objectives. Although there are numerous studies on the role of social connections in early working life, research that examines how social connectedness matters in the later stages of a career is scarce. The present study analyzes to what extent social connectedness affects the timing of the transit

  19. [Master of Chinese medicine: the career life of Professor HE Pu-Ren].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jing-Xi

    2011-09-01

    With his unique comprehension, theoretical contribution and technique of acupuncture, Professor HE Pu-ren has devoted himself into the career of Chinese Medicine for 70 years. Besides the professional contributions, his academic spirit and idea of humanities are also handed down to the next generation. And it is held that his success rests with the spirit of both imitation of the ancients and innovation as well as the practical idea and insistence.

  20. René Marcelle (December 30, 1931-December 18, 2011), the first editor-in-chief of Photosynthesis Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Govindjee; Marcelle, Dominique

    2016-07-01

    This tribute honors the first editor-in-chief of Photosynthesis Research, René Marcelle the Belgian plant physiologist who, with publishers in The Netherlands, launched the journal in 1980. Here, we present a glimpse of René Marcelle's early life, his education and research, as well as his editorial work for the journal and other conferences in plant physiology. He worked on control of photosynthesis, both the biological and environmental aspects, as well as on crassulacean acid metabolism. He is best remembered as a kind-hearted and humane editor.

  1. Genetics Home Reference: REN-related kidney disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Testing Registry: Hyperuricemic nephropathy, familial juvenile, 2 Other Diagnosis and Management Resources (3 links) GeneReview: Autosomal Dominant Tubulointerstitial Kidney Disease, REN-Related MedlinePlus Encyclopedia: Hyperkalemia MedlinePlus Encyclopedia: Renin ...

  2. Examples for Clinical Use of Ma Zi Ren Wan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张书文

    2002-01-01

    @@ Ma Zi Ren Wan (麻子仁丸), originally recorded in Treatise on Febrile Diseases (伤寒论), is composed of Ma Zi Ren (麻子仁Fructus Cannabis), Bai Shao (白芍Radix Paeoniae Alba), Zhi Shi (枳实Fructus Aurantii Immaturus), Da Huang (大黄Radix etRhizoma Rhei), Hou Po (厚朴cortex Magnoliae Officinalis) and Xing Ren (杏仁Semen Armeniacae Amarum). Good therapeutic results have been achieved by using Ma ZiRen Wan in treatment of febrile disease at the restoring stage, chronic consumptive diseases, hemorrhoid, disorders in women after delivery, chronic kidney disease, senile constipation, pulmonary heart disease, diabetes, coronary heart disease and hypertension. Some illustrative cases are introduced below.

  3. René Turlay (1932-2002)

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    René Turlay, one of the four discoverers of Charge Parity (CP) violation, died on 29 November 2002 after battling with serious illness for over a year. As a brilliant French physicist, he has left his mark on CERN where he took part in several major experiments and chaired the LEP Experiments Committee (LEPC). He spent almost all his career at the CEA in Saclay which he joined in 1957. His first work with the Saturne synchrotron concerned the study of p meson production in nucleon-nucleon collisions at 2.3 GeV. After gaining his doctorate, he went to Princeton in 1962 as a post-doc. He played a major role in the memorable experiment at Brookhaven's AGS accelerator where together with James Christenson, James Cronin and Val Fitch he discovered the CP violation phenomenon in weak interactions. This discovery gave Andrey Sakharov a key to explaining the predominance of matter over antimatter and sowed the seeds of the model of the three quark families. On returning to France at the end of 1964, he ...

  4. Katheterablation von supraventrikulären Tachykardien

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Strohmer S

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Supraventrikuläre Tachykardien (SVT spielen in der klinischen Praxis aufgrund ihrer Häufigkeit und Symptomatik eine große Rolle. Obwohl diese Arrhythmien im Allgemeinen nicht lebensbedrohlich sind, führen sie aufgrund ihres unvorhersehbaren Auftretens zu einer beträchtlichen Unsicherheit und Einschränkung der Lebensqualität. Die elektrophysiologische Untersuchung inklusive Katheterablation hat sich in den vergangenen 20 Jahren als kurative und sichere Erstlinientherapie für Patienten mit hochsymptomatischen bzw. wiederholten Anfällen etabliert. Heutzutage liegen die Erfolgsraten für die Radiofrequenzablation der regulären SVT über 95 % bei einer sehr niedrigen Rezidivrate von weniger als 5 %. Eine antiarrhythmische Therapie für das Langzeitmanagement ist aufgrund der geringen Effektivität und Gefahr von ernsthaften Nebenwirkungen weitgehend obsolet und nur in Ausnahmefällen erforderlich. Der folgende Artikel gibt eine aktuelle Übersicht über die häufigsten rhythmischen Schmalkomplextachykardien, die verschiedenen Mechanismen und moderne nicht-pharmakologische Therapieansätze.

  5. The relations between secrecy, rejection sensitivity and autonomy-connectedness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wismeijer, Andreas A J; Van Assen, Marcel A L M; Bekker, Marrie H J

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was to examine the effects of two attachment-related variables on secrecy: rejection sensitivity and autonomy-connectedness. We hypothesized that rejection sensitivity is positively associated with secrecy, and autonomy-connectedness negatively with rejection sensitivity and secrecy. These hypotheses were generally corroborated in a sample of 303 university students. Moreover, we found that autonomy-connectedness at least partly explained the association between rejection sensitivity and secrecy. Self-awareness was negatively related to secrecy, suggesting that being aware of what one needs and thinks and being able to realize one's needs in social interactions reduce the tendency to keep secrets. In addition, interesting gender effects were found suggesting that men have a higher tendency to have secrets than women after controlling for the effects of autonomy-connectedness and rejection sensitivity. Our findings deepen the insight into possible reasons behind established associations between rejection sensitivity and secrecy, and may have clinical implications.

  6. Autism in action: Reduced bodily connectedness during social interactions?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. (Lieke E. Peper

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Autism is a lifelong disorder, defined by deficits in social interactions and flexibility. To date, diagnostic markers for autism primarily include limitations in social behavior and cognition. However, such tests have often shown to be inadequate for individuals with autism who are either more cognitively able or intellectually disabled. The assessment of the social limitations of autism would benefit from new tests that capture the dynamics of social initiative and reciprocity in interaction processes, and that are not dependent on intellectual or verbal skills. New entry points for the development of such assessments may be found in 'bodily connectedness', the attunement of bodily movement between two individuals. In typical development, bodily connectedness is related to psychological connectedness, including social skills and relation quality. Limitations in bodily connectedness could be a central mechanism underlying the social impairment in autism. While bodily connectedness can be minutely assessed with advanced techniques, our understanding of these skills in autism is limited. This Perspective provides examples of how the potential relation between bodily connectedness and specific characteristics of autism can be examined using methods from the coordination dynamics approach. Uncovering this relation is particularly important for developing sensitive tools to assess the tendency to initiate social interactions and the dynamics of mutual adjustments during social interactions, as current assessments are not suited to grasp ongoing dynamics and reciprocity in behavior. The outcomes of such research may yield valuable openings for the development of diagnostic markers for autism that can be applied across the lifespan.

  7. Veins filled with the Diluted Sap of Rationality: A Critical Reply to Rens Bod

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreas Fickers

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This article argues – in contradiction to the thesis developed by Rens Bod – that the hermeneutic tradition of humanities is not obsolete, especially when trying to understand the opportunities and challenges of using digital technologies for future research. The practice of digital history will have to be based on the critical analysis of the creation, enrichment, editing and retrieval of digital data as much as on the application of classical source criticism and historical contextualisation. If ‘content’ or rather ‘data’ is king in digital humanities, as imagined by Bod, context is its crown – at least for digital historians.

  8. Ingeniørens rolle ved skabelse af innovative koncepter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    McAloone, Tim C.

    2007-01-01

    Kommentar: Ingeniørens rolle ved skabelse af innovative koncepter Af Tim McAloone, lektor ved DTU, redaktion@ing.dk, fredag 12. okt 2007 kl. 00:45 Innovationskonkurrencer og stimuleringen af kreative evner, både uden for og i etablerede virksomheder er oppe i tiden, hvor professionelle og lægfolk...... folk kan afprøve deres evner med innovation. Der er virksomhedsinterne og -eksterne konkurrencer, brancheorienterede konkurrencer (for eksempel Dansk Industris Produktpris, Ingeniørens egen Danish Product Award og Index-award), konkurrencer for iværksættere, konkurrencer for universitetsstuderende og...

  9. Are nature lovers happy? On various indicators of well-being and connectedness with nature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cervinka, Renate; Röderer, Kathrin; Hefler, Elisabeth

    2012-04-01

    Connectedness with nature (CN) is seen as a personal disposition relevant for environmental as well as human health. In five questionnaire studies (N = 547) we systematically investigated the relationship between various operationalizations of well-being and CN. CN was assessed with two different tools in parallel. All significant correlations were controlled for the effects of age and gender. Psychological well-being, meaningfulness and vitality were found to be robustly correlated with CN. We highlight the relevance of CN with respect to human health and further discuss conceptual differences unraveled by the concurrent application of two CN-tools.

  10. 为学之道就是为人之道--琐记李定仁先生的人文情怀%T he Way to Learn Is the Way to Be a Person---Professor Li Ding-ren's Sense of Humanity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝志军

    2015-01-01

    李定仁先生投身西北教育教学事业50余年,见证了西部教育发展壮大,支撑他、维系他的就是对育人事业倾注的生命激情,体现出强烈的人文情怀:教学工作是一种融入教师生命激情的事业;以学生为本,把尊重和热爱学生作为教育的立足点;从事教学研究,不能忽视学术道德的建设。%Professor Li Ding‐ren has been engaged in the teaching career of Northwest China for more than 50 years ,and has witnessed the development of the western education . He has immersed himself in people education with his life passion , which reflects the strong sense of humanity . Teaching is a job w hich infuses teachers'life passion . Students are the center of education and the foothold of education is to respect and love students . Construction of academic ethics can not be ignored w hen teaching research is conducted .

  11. René Sand (Belgium, President 1946 – 1953

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available The extraordinary significance of the life and work of René Sand lies in his central position as a mediator, promoter and coordinator of social work on an increasingly international level during the interwar-period and it can hardly be overestimated.

  12. Zinc phosphating of 6061-Al alloy using REN as additive

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Shenglin; ZHANG Xiaolin; ZHANG Mingming

    2008-01-01

    Zinc phosphate coating formed on 6061-Al alloy was studied with the help of electrochemical measurements, Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR), and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), after dipping it in phosphating solutions containing different concentrations of Rare Earth Nitrate (REN). REN, which acted as an accelerator in the phosphating solution, could catalyze the surface reaction and accelerate the phosphating process. REN mainly enabled the P in the phosphate coating to exist in the form of PO43- and promoted the hydrolysis of phosphatic acid in a liquid layer at the cathodes. This resulted in the evolution of H2 at the cathodes, which increased the local pH value and in turn drove the precipitation of the phosphate coating. Additionally, REN was adsorbed on the surface of the aluminum substrates to form a gel during the phosphating process. These gel particles were good crystal seeds, which helped to form phosphate crystal nuclei and possess the function of a nucleation agent that could decrease the phosphate crystal size. The corrosion resistance of the formed zinc phosphate coatings was improved.

  13. Atmosfæren, Tietgenkollegiet og Tekstildesigneren

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Graabæk, Helle

    2009-01-01

    Resumé Atmosfæren, Tietgenkollegiet & Tekstildesigneren Denne masterafhandling handler om oplevelse fra et subjektivt perspektiv i mødet med rum og arkitektur. Tekstildesignerne Aggebo og Henriksen har, med udgangspunkt i deres faglighed og i et samarbejde med arkitekterne Lundgaard og Tranberg, ...

  14. "Darkness Overcomes You": Shaun Tan and Søren Kierkegaard

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johansen, Martin Blok

    2015-01-01

    This article analyses Shaun Tan's picturebook "The Red Tree" using some of the central concepts of existentialism developed by the Danish philosopher Søren Kierkegaard. Kierkegaard argued that being a person entails a coming-to-be ["tilblivelse"], and for the person this coming-to-be manifests itself as a task. The task is to…

  15. ETV ekraanigraafika on Euroopa parimate seas / René Vilbre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vilbre, René, 1970-

    2011-01-01

    Euroopa avalik-õiguslikle telejaamade konkurentsis valiti ETV ekraanigraafika viie parima hulka. Finaali pääses ETV kahes kategoorias - "Best design package" ja "Best use of audio". Intervjuu vaheklippide autori René Vilbrega. Võttemeeskonda kuulusid veel toimetaja Anu Välba, operaatorid Kristjan-Jaak Nuudi ja Ergo Treier

  16. ETV ekraanigraafika on Euroopa parimate seas / René Vilbre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vilbre, René, 1970-

    2011-01-01

    Euroopa avalik-õiguslikle telejaamade konkurentsis valiti ETV ekraanigraafika viie parima hulka. Finaali pääses ETV kahes kategoorias - "Best design package" ja "Best use of audio". Intervjuu vaheklippide autori René Vilbrega. Võttemeeskonda kuulusid veel toimetaja Anu Välba, operaatorid Kristjan-Jaak Nuudi ja Ergo Treier

  17. "Darkness Overcomes You": Shaun Tan and Søren Kierkegaard

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johansen, Martin Blok

    2015-01-01

    This article analyses Shaun Tan's picturebook "The Red Tree" using some of the central concepts of existentialism developed by the Danish philosopher Søren Kierkegaard. Kierkegaard argued that being a person entails a coming-to-be ["tilblivelse"], and for the person this coming-to-be manifests itself as a task. The task is to…

  18. Subjective Well-Being in Adolescence and Teacher Connectedness: A Health Asset Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    García-Moya, Irene; Brooks, Fiona; Morgan, Antony; Moreno, Carmen

    2015-01-01

    Objectives: Teacher connectedness is an important factor for young people's well-being. The aim of this paper was to examine teacher connectedness in detail and its potential association with emotional wellbeing. More specifically, we set out to analyse whether teacher connectedness acted as a universal asset for boys and girls of different ages…

  19. Interactive iterative relative fuzzy connectedness lung segmentation on thoracic 4D dynamic MR images

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tong, Yubing; Udupa, Jayaram K.; Odhner, Dewey; Wu, Caiyun; Zhao, Yue; McDonough, Joseph M.; Capraro, Anthony; Torigian, Drew A.; Campbell, Robert M.

    2017-03-01

    Lung delineation via dynamic 4D thoracic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is necessary for quantitative image analysis for studying pediatric respiratory diseases such as thoracic insufficiency syndrome (TIS). This task is very challenging because of the often-extreme malformations of the thorax in TIS, lack of signal from bone and connective tissues resulting in inadequate image quality, abnormal thoracic dynamics, and the inability of the patients to cooperate with the protocol needed to get good quality images. We propose an interactive fuzzy connectedness approach as a potential practical solution to this difficult problem. Manual segmentation is too labor intensive especially due to the 4D nature of the data and can lead to low repeatability of the segmentation results. Registration-based approaches are somewhat inefficient and may produce inaccurate results due to accumulated registration errors and inadequate boundary information. The proposed approach works in a manner resembling the Iterative Livewire tool but uses iterative relative fuzzy connectedness (IRFC) as the delineation engine. Seeds needed by IRFC are set manually and are propagated from slice-to-slice, decreasing the needed human labor, and then a fuzzy connectedness map is automatically calculated almost instantaneously. If the segmentation is acceptable, the user selects "next" slice. Otherwise, the seeds are refined and the process continues. Although human interaction is needed, an advantage of the method is the high level of efficient user-control on the process and non-necessity to refine the results. Dynamic MRI sequences from 5 pediatric TIS patients involving 39 3D spatial volumes are used to evaluate the proposed approach. The method is compared to two other IRFC strategies with a higher level of automation. The proposed method yields an overall true positive and false positive volume fraction of 0.91 and 0.03, respectively, and Hausdorff boundary distance of 2 mm.

  20. La crítica de René Girard al humanismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moreno Fernández, Agustín

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available In René Girard’s work there are a lot of critics to the humanism and the humanists. First of all, in this article we will deal with a definition of this concept and his historiographic problem. There is a big contrast between the topics and ideals of the humanism and the mimetic theory. We study the explicit Girard’s critics to the humanists and finally we present one perspective that allows to consider himself like a humanist thinker.La obra de René Girard está salpicada de críticas al humanismo y a los humanistas. En este estudio nos preguntamos en primer lugar qué es el humanismo, haciéndonos cargo de la problemática historiográfica. Presentamos el contraste existente entre los tópicos e ideales humanistas y las ideas que se derivan de la teoría mimética. Estudiamos las críticas explícitas de Girard a los humanistas y, por último, adoptamos una perspectiva que permite calificarlo a él mismo como un humanista.

  1. Injury prevention among friends: the benefits of school connectedness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chapman, R L; Buckley, L; Reveruzzi, B; Sheehan, M

    2014-08-01

    Unsafe road behaviors, violence and alcohol use, are primary contributors to adolescent injury. Research suggests that adolescents look out for their friends and engage in protective behavior to reduce others' risk-taking and that school connectedness is associated with reduced injury-risks. This study examined the role of school connectedness in willingness to protect and prevent friends from involvement in alcohol use, fights and unlicensed driving. Surveys were completed at two time points, six months apart, by 545 13-14 year olds from seven Australian high schools. Females were significantly more likely than males to report willingness to protect their friends. School connectedness significantly and positively predicted willingness to protect across all three injury-risk behaviors, after accounting for sex and own involvement in injury-risk behaviors. School connectedness may therefore be an important factor to target in school-based prevention programs, both to reduce adolescents' own injury-risk behavior and to increase injury prevention among friends.

  2. Reconceptualizing Codependency in Women: A Sense of Connectedness, Not Pathology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Granello, Darcy Haag; Beamish, Patricia M.

    1998-01-01

    Critiques the codependency construct as it is currently applied and examines how the concept is used to blame and label women. The construct ignores economic and social reality, perpetuates victim-blaming, and uses the male emphasis on individuation and autonomy as normative. Codependency is reframed as a sense of social connectedness and…

  3. Reconceptualizing Codependency in Women: A Sense of Connectedness, Not Pathology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Granello, Darcy Haag; Beamish, Patricia M.

    1998-01-01

    Critiques the codependency construct as it is currently applied and examines how the concept is used to blame and label women. The construct ignores economic and social reality, perpetuates victim-blaming, and uses the male emphasis on individuation and autonomy as normative. Codependency is reframed as a sense of social connectedness and…

  4. Emotional Connectedness to Home for Ghanaian Students in the UK

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doku, Florence; Meekums, Bonnie

    2014-01-01

    Ghanaian migrants represent one of the largest Black African groups in the UK. While viewed positively in terms of economic and educational success, migration has impacts on emotional attachments. The aim of this study was therefore to explore narrative expressions of belonging and emotional connectedness for Ghanaian university students in the…

  5. Social Connectedness and Flourishing: The Mediating Role of Hopelessness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eraslan-Capan, Bahtiyar

    2016-01-01

    In recent years, positive psychology has focused on flourishing; a combination of social and emotional well-being. For flourishing to function optimally, social environments as well as hopeful future expectation are crucial. It can be inferred that social connectedness and hope might be predictor of flourishing in early adulthood. This study aims…

  6. Towards capturing innovation effects of a CDSS (NjuRen).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wass, Sofie; Carlsson, Bertil; Vimarlund, Vivian; Korkmaz, Seher; Shemeikka, Tero; Vég, Anikó

    2013-01-01

    The e-service NjuRen is a clinical decision support system used by physicians to calculate patients' renal function and provide support for selection of appropriate drug and dosage for patients with renal failure. Project NjuRen is a collaboration between Stockholm County Council and Jönköping International Business School and aims at evaluating the socio-economic impact of implementing IT-systems in healthcare. The project consist of several steps, first the development and adaptation of a model to measure innovation effects. In the second step the development of a survey to capture factual impacts and effects. Finally, in the third step to translate the effects into socio-economic terms. The result will help decision makers to identify the achieved benefits and outcomes that the implementation of the system has brought with it.

  7. Amygdalin isolated from Semen Persicae (Tao Ren) extracts induces the expression of follistatin in HepG2 and C2C12 cell lines

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Yang, Chuanbin; Li, Xuechen; Rong, Jianhui

    2014-01-01

    .... The aqueous extracts of seven ISF-1 ingredients including Semen Persicae (Tao Ren) and the S. Persicae-derived fractions were assayed for the induction of follistatin mRNA expression in human hepatocarcinoma HepG2 cells by RT-PCR...

  8. Antropologi i Middelalderen og Renæssancen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høiris, Ole

    fremmede, var det især ved hjælp af Biblen, man bestemte og kategoriserede de fremmede folk og dermed definerede sig selv. Antropologi i Middelalderen og Renæssancen analyserer teorierne om forskellige folk i perioden fra kristendommens gennemslag til og med opdagelsen af Amerika. analyserer teorierne om...... kristne grundfortælling og dermed fastholde en antropologi baseret på Biblen....

  9. Adrenomyeloneuropathie, eine seltene Ursache der primären Nebenniereninsuffizienz

    OpenAIRE

    Frank, K; Schrecker, O.; Brosi, K.; Krause, Klaus-Henning; Vecsei, K.-H.; Moser, H W; Ziegler, R.

    1986-01-01

    Eine seltene Ursache der primären Nebennierenrindeninsuffizienz ist die X-chromosomal vererbte Adrenomyeloneuropathie. Neurologisch ist sie durch Zeichen der zentralen und peripheren Demyelinisierung, endokrinologisch durch einen M. Addison und eine zusätzliche primäre Hodeninsuffizienz gekennzeichnet. Bei zwei Patienten mit diesem Krankheitsbild konnte der Stoffwechseldefekt im Abbau langkettiger Fettsäuren durch Bestimmung eines erhöhten Hexakosansäure-Spiegels (C 26) im Blut gesichert werd...

  10. Connectedness to nature and public (skin) health perspectives: results of a representative, population-based survey among Austrian residents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haluza, Daniela; Simic, Stana; Höltge, Jan; Cervinka, Renate; Moshammer, Hanns

    2014-01-20

    Connectedness to nature (CN) influences motivation to have contact with outdoor natural environments. Spending leisure time in natural environments is beneficial for human health and well-being. Besides these positive effects, health risks of open-air activities are mainly related to unprotected sun light exposure-associated acute and chronic skin hazards. Thus, we conducted a cross-sectional, representative telephone survey among Austrian residents to study the association of perceived CN level with sun-exposure knowledge, tanning habits, and sun protective behaviour. In total, 1,500 study subjects (50.5% females) participated in this questionnaire survey. Although knowledge about tanning and motives to tan were similar among genders, females performed more photoprotective measures and were more connected to nature (all p nature connectedness and skin health-relevant recreational habits of Austrian residents. The findings suggest to integrate hitherto neglected gender-specific Public (Skin) Health promotion when counselling on the manifold health advantages of outdoor activities.

  11. Behandlungsergebnisse der primären und sekundären retroperitonealen Fibrose

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heidenreich A

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Der retroperitonealen Fibrose (RPF zugrunde liegt eine entzündliche Bindegewebsproliferation ungeklärter Ätiologie mit Bevorzugung des Retroperitoneums. Die Beteiligung des ableitenden Harntraktes manifestiert sich durch uni- oder bilaterale Ureterobstruktion bis hin zur Anurie und Urämie. Aufgrund der ungeklärten Ätiologie wird das therapeutische Vorgehen - konservativ versus operativ - kontrovers diskutiert. Im folgenden berichten wir über unsere Ergebnisse in der Behandlung der RPF. Von 1986 bis 1997 wurde bei 39 Patienten die Diagnose einer RPF gestellt, 21mal lag eine primäre, 18mal eine sekundäre RRF vor. 21 Patienten wiesen eine uni-, 16 Patienten eine bilaterale und 2 Patienten keine Harnstauung auf. Bei 19/21 Patienten erfolgte die primäre Entlastung der Niere mit anschließender Cortison- und/oder Azathioprintherapie über 6 Monate; eine Besserung sahen wir in allen Fällen, eine komplette Remission in 2 Fällen. Bei 19 Patienten war eine operative Intervention notwendig: 17mal Ureterolyse mit Intraperitonealisierung (n = 10 bzw. Omentum maius Ummantelung (n = 7. Bei 1 Patienten war die bilaterale Boari-Plastik, bei 1 Patienten ein bilaterales Ileum-Ureterinterponat notwendig. Bei 16/18 Patienten mit sekundärer RPF erfolgte die primäre Entlastung der Niere gefolgt von Ureterolyse und Omentum maius Ummantelung (n = 11, Harnleiter-Ileuminterponat (n = 3, Nephrektomie (n = 1 und endoluminale Ballondilatation (n = 3. Das Follow-up variiert zwischen 6 und 120 Monaten: 3 Patienten mit primärer RPF und 1 Patient mit sekundärer RPF entwickelten ein Rezidiv. Aufgrund der Therapieergebnisse unserer Serie halten wir die kombinierte operative/immunsupprimierende Behandlung bei der primären RPF für erfolgversprechend; dabei geben wir der präoperativen Cortisontherapie mit nachfolgender Ureterolyse und Omentum maius Ummantelung den Vorzug. Bei sekundärer RPF bietet sich die primäre operative Versorgung mittels Ureterolyse und

  12. A multicultural assessment of adolescent connectedness: testing measurement invariance across gender and ethnicity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karcher, Michael J; Sass, Daniel

    2010-07-01

    Counselors, psychologists, and evaluators of intervention programs for youth increasingly view the promotion of connectedness as an important intervention outcome. When evaluating these programs, researchers frequently test whether the treatment effects differ across gender and ethnic or racial groups. Doing so necessitates the availability of culturally and gender-invariant measures. We used the Hemingway: Measure of Adolescent Connectedness to estimate the factor structure invariance and equality of means across gender and 3 racial/ethnic groups with a large sample of middle school adolescents. From a practical perspective, the 10-scale model suggested factor structure invariance across gender and racial or ethnic (i.e., African American, Caucasian, and Latina/o) groups of adolescents. However, tests for partial invariance revealed some group difference on the factor loadings and intercepts between gender and ethnic/racial groups. When testing for mean equivalence, girls reported higher connectedness to friends, siblings, school, peers, teachers, and reading but lower connectedness to their neighborhoods. Caucasians reported higher connectedness to their neighborhoods and friends but lower connectedness to siblings than African Americans and Latinos. African Americans reported the highest connectedness to self (present and future) but lowest connectedness to teachers. Latinos reported the lowest connectedness to reading, self-in-the-present, and self-in-the-future. Overall, this study reveals racial/ethnic and gender mean differences on several connectedness subscales and suggests the Hemingway subscales are, from a practical perspective, invariant across gender and ethnicity and therefore appropriate for most assessment and evaluation purposes.

  13. Review of what youth programs do to increase the connectedness of youth with adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grossman, Jean B; Bulle, Meridel J

    2006-12-01

    Common sense and psychological research tell us that connections to adults--parents and others--are integral to the process of normal human development. A substantial research literature exists on the role of the parent-child relationship in development, and there is a smaller, but growing body of research that explores the effects of nonparental relationships. Adolescents, in particular, are open to nonparental adults as they strive to create for themselves lives more independent from their parents while still valuing advice from those more experienced than they. The most commonly examined nonparental relationship is that of a teacher and a student. One of the less explored areas of investigation is the importance of relationships youth have with adults they find in their weekend and after-school activities. This article examines field research that has been conducted over the past 15 years on youth programs, to address what has been learned about "connectedness" as it manifests itself in the field. By connectedness, we mean primarily the attachment youth have to the adults in the programs.

  14. Enhancing Social Connectedness or Stabilising Oppression: Is Participation in Music Free From Gendered Subjectivity?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elly Scrine

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Connectedness and inclusivity are components of a healthy community. However, intersectional feminist thought poses that exclusion and marginalisation are enacted through gendered power structures and affect the lives of individuals and communities around the world on multiple intersecting axes, including gender, sexuality, race, class, and disability (Crenshaw, 1989. Critical analysis of music in its high art form, from traditional music education and musical narratives, to jazz, to what instrument one chooses, highlights a raced, classed gender order, and an ongoing cultural bias that privileges a heteronormative narrative, and highlights the work and importance of men’s contributions (Bradley, 2007; Gould, 2007; Maus, 2011. While community approaches to musical participation may seek to emancipate and transcend moral hierarchies which dictate who can and cannot participate, I contend that these may occur within the context of a deeply entrenched gender order. By focusing only on the essential and universal, or liberating and connecting qualities of music and music therapy for all of humanity, we may sidestep and erase histories of oppression and marginalisation. This article uses a critical lens to explore the literature for contexts in music that preserve a male dominated gender order, and seeks to question and problematise the notion that music provides equal opportunity for social connectedness.

  15. Some connectedness problems in positively curved Finsler manifolds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peter, Ioan Radu

    2009-01-01

    This paper studies some connectedness problems under the positivity hypothesis of various curvatures ( k-Ricci and flag curvature). Our approach uses Morse Theory for general end conditions (see [Ioan Radu Peter, The Morse index theorem where the ends are submanifolds in Finsler geometry, Houston J. Math. 32 (4) (2006) 995-1009]). Some previous results related to the flag curvature were obtained in [Ioan Radu Peter, A connectedness principle in positively curved Finsler manifolds, in: H. Shimada, S. Sabau (Eds.), Advanced Studies in Pure Mathematics, Finsler Geometry, Sapporo 2005-In Memory of Makoto Matsumoto, Mathematical Society of Japan, 2007]. Some results from Riemannian geometry are extended to the Finsler category also. The Finsler setting is much more complicated and the difference between Finsler and Riemann settings will be emphasized during the paper.

  16. G-sequentially connectedness for topological groups with operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mucuk, Osman; Cakalli, Huseyin

    2016-08-01

    It is a well-known fact that for a Hausdorff topological group X, the limits of convergent sequences in X define a function denoted by lim from the set of all convergent sequences in X to X. This notion has been modified by Connor and Grosse-Erdmann for real functions by replacing lim with an arbitrary linear functional G defined on a linear subspace of the vector space of all real sequences. Recently some authors have extended the concept to the topological group setting and introduced the concepts of G-sequential continuity, G-sequential compactness and G-sequential connectedness. In this work, we present some results about G-sequentially closures, G-sequentially connectedness and fundamental system of G-sequentially open neighbourhoods for topological group with operations which include topological groups, topological rings without identity, R-modules, Lie algebras, Jordan algebras, and many others.

  17. El problema del continuo en René Thom

    OpenAIRE

    Pérez Herranz, Fernando Miguel

    2009-01-01

    René Thom ha propuesto el concepto topológico de continuo como respuesta al concepto lógico de infinito. En este trabajo se mostrará que, frente a la definición combinatoria de conjunto infinito propuesta por Cantor, la definición porfiriana de continuo propuesta por Thom salva las paradojas de la teoría de conjuntos y comporta consecuencias ontológicas decisivas en el ámbito del mundo morfológico poniendo límites, por ejemplo, a la evolución ilimitadamente innovadora de Prigogine, etc. Re...

  18. El problema del continuo en René Thom

    OpenAIRE

    Pérez Herranz, Fernando Miguel

    2010-01-01

    René Thom ha propuesto el concepto topológico de continuo como respuesta al concepto lógico de infinito. En este trabajo se mostrará que, frente a la definición combinatoria de conjunto infinito propuesta por Cantor, la definición porfiriana de continuo propuesta por Thom salva las paradojas de la teoría de conjuntos y comporta consecuencias ontológicas decisivas en el ámbito del mundo morfológico poniendo límites, por ejemplo, a la evolución ilimitadamente innovadora de Prigogine, etc. Re...

  19. Race, Exclusionary Discipline, and Connectedness to Adults in Secondary Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anyon, Yolanda; Zhang, Duan; Hazel, Cynthia

    2016-06-01

    This study examines racial differences in students' connectedness to school adults and considers the possibility that disparities in exclusionary discipline practices may reduce all students' sense of connection to educators, not just those who have been disciplined or are from racial groups overrepresented in out-of-school suspensions. Data sources include a self-report survey of secondary school students (n = 29,148) linked to administrative data (n = 107 schools) from a large urban district. Multilevel modeling techniques were used to estimate the relationships between students' racial background, youths' connection to school adults, and school-level racial discipline gaps. Controlling for school racial composition, gender, grade level and other covariates, students of color were significantly less likely to feel connected to school adults than their White peers. Additionally, the racial discipline gap was significantly and negatively associated with connectedness for all students. Results indicate that strategies to improve educational outcomes for youth of color need to attend to relational dynamics between students and school adults. Research findings also suggest that efforts to reduce discipline disparities may improve all students' connectedness.

  20. Autonomy-connectedness mediates sex differences in symptoms of psychopathology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bekker, Marrie H. J.; van Assen, Marcel A. L. M.

    2017-01-01

    Objectives This study aimed to examine if autonomy-connectedness, capacity for self-governance under the condition of connectedness, would mediate sex differences in symptoms of various mental disorders (depression, anxiety, eating disorders, antisocial personality disorder). Method Participants (N = 5,525) from a representative community sample in the Netherlands filled out questionnaires regarding the variables under study. Results Autonomy-connectedness (self-awareness, SA; sensitivity to others, SO; capacity for managing new situations, CMNS) fully mediated the sex differences in depression and anxiety, and partly in eating disorder -(drive for thinness, bulimia, and body dissatisfaction) and anti-social personality disorder characteristics. The mediations followed the expected sex-specific patterns. SO related positively to the internalizing disorder indices, and negatively to the anti-social personality disorder. SA related negatively to all disorder indices; and CMNS to all internalizing disorder indices, but positively to the anti-social personality disorder. Conclusion Treatment of depression, anxiety, but also eating disorders and the antisocial personality disorder may benefit from a stronger focus on autonomy strengthening. PMID:28771498

  1. Connect Me! Antecedents and Impact of Social Connectedness in Enterprise Social Software

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kügler, Maurice; Dittes, Sven; Smolnik, Stefan

    2015-01-01

    Companies are increasingly adopting social software to support collaboration and networking. Although increasing their employees’ connectedness is a major driver for organizations to deploy enterprise social software (ESS), the social connectedness concept itself is still not sufficiently defined...... of an international business software provider headquartered in Germany, the authors show that both reputation and a critical mass significantly influence employees’ social connectedness. The authors further find that reputation’s effect is significantly stronger than critical mass’s effect and that social...

  2. Connectedness to the criminal community and the community at large predicts 1-year post-release outcomes among felony offenders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Folk, Johanna B; Mashek, Debra; Tangney, June; Stuewig, Jeffrey; Moore, Kelly E

    2016-04-01

    Connectedness to one's community relates to positive psychological and behavioral outcomes. But what implications do connectedness to distinct communities-the criminal community and the community at large-have for inmates about to be released from jail? This study (N = 383) prospectively examined connectedness to the criminal community and community at large prior to release from jail, and functioning at one-year post-release. Connectedness to the community at large positively predicted community adjustment whereas connectedness to the criminal community positively predicted recidivism. Targeting both types of community connectedness may enhance interventions intended to undermine recidivism and increase positive outcomes for inmates.

  3. Monograph of Keçiören Municipality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Savaş Zafer Şahin

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In Turkey, urban administration can be defined from a judicial perspective as the bundle of powers vested in municipalities. It is known that throughout republican history, municipalities, using these powers, have differentiated themselves via their own internal dynamics in parallel to the evolution of public policy and changes in legislation. Yet, it is obvious that there are important gaps in understanding this differentiation taking into consideration the structural conditions of individual municipalities. In particular, in order to thoroughly understand municipalities, it is important to consider periodical pictures of how each municipality has been affected by waves of decentralization and centralization experienced over the last thirty years. In this respect, this monograph, using the same monographic approach developed for the Çankaya Municipality, provides a picture of the existing situation of Ankara’s Keçiören Municipality and presents related problems and potential. This monograph, based on qualitative and quantitative research, presents a holistic evaluation of Keçiören Municipality in terms of its external environment, provision of services, decision-making processes, use of technology and communications.

  4. Objectivity, abstraction, and the individual: the influence of Søren Kierkegaard on Paul Feyerabend.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kidd, Ian James

    2011-03-01

    This paper explores the influence of Søren Kierkegaard upon Paul Feyerabend by examining their common criticisms of totalising accounts of human nature. Both complained that philosophical and scientific theories of human nature which were methodologically committed to objectivity and abstraction failed to capture the richness of human experience. Kierkegaard and Feyerabend argued that philosophy and the science were threatening to become obstacles to human development by imposing abstract theories of human nature and reality which denied the complexities of both. In both cases, this took the form of asserting an 'existential' criterion for the assessment of philosophical and scientific theories. Kierkegaard also made remarks upon the inappropriateness of applying natural scientific methods to human beings which Feyerabend later expanded and developed in his criticisms of the inability of the 'scientific world-view' to accommodate the values necessary to a flourishing human life. I conclude by noting some differences between Kierkegaard and Feyerabend's positions and by affirming the value of existential criticisms of scientific knowledge.

  5. Connectedness of healthcare professionals involved in the treatment of patients with Parkinson's disease: a social networks study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wensing, M.J.P.; Eijk, M. van der; Koetsenruijter, J.; Bloem, B.R.; Munneke, M.; Faber, M.J.

    2011-01-01

    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic illness typically receive ambulatory treatment from multiple health professionals. Connectedness between these professionals may influence their clinical decisions and the coordination of patient care. We aimed to describe and analyze connectedness in a re

  6. Simultaneous Assessment of White Matter Changes in Microstructure and Connectedness in the Blind Brain

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reislev, Nina Linde; Dyrby, Tim Bjørn; Siebner, Hartwig Roman

    2016-01-01

    Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the human brain has provided converging evidence that visual deprivation induces regional changes in white matter (WM) microstructure. It remains unclear how these changes modify network connections between brain regions. Here we used diffusion-weighted MRI...... to relate differences in microstructure and structural connectedness of WM in individuals with congenital or late-onset blindness relative to normally sighted controls. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) provided voxel-specific microstructural features of the tissue, while anatomical connectivity mapping (ACM...... revealed widespread microstructural differences as indexed by a reduced regional fractional anisotropy (FA). Blind individuals showed lower FA in the primary visual and the ventral visual processing stream relative to sighted controls regardless of the blindness onset. The results show that visual...

  7. The RenTg mice: a powerful tool to study renin-dependent chronic kidney disease.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne-Cecile Huby

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown that activation of the renin-angiotensin system may lead to hypertension, a major risk factor for the development of chronic kidney disease (CKD. The existing hypertension-induced CDK mouse models are quite fast and consequently away from the human pathology. Thus, there is an urgent need for a mouse model that can be used to delineate the pathogenic process leading to progressive renal disease. The objective of this study was dual: to investigate whether mice overexpressing renin could mimic the kinetics and the physiopathological characteristics of hypertension-induced renal disease and to identify cellular and/or molecular events characterizing the different steps of the progression of CKD. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We used a novel transgenic strain, the RenTg mice harboring a genetically clamped renin transgene. At 3 months, heterozygous mice are hypertensive and slightly albuminuric. The expression of adhesion markers such as vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 and platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 are increased in the renal vasculature indicating initiation of endothelial dysfunction. At 5 months, perivascular and periglomerular infiltrations of macrophages are observed. These early renal vascular events are followed at 8 months by leukocyte invasion, decreased expression of nephrin, increased expression of KIM-1, a typical protein of tubular cell stress, and of several pro-fibrotic agents of the TGFβ family. At 12 months, mice display characteristic structural alterations of hypertensive renal disease such as glomerular ischemia, glomerulo- and nephroangio-sclerosis, mesangial expansion and tubular dilation. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: The RenTg strain develops CKD progressively. In this model, endothelial dysfunction is an early event preceding the structural and fibrotic alterations which ultimately lead to the development of CKD. This model can provide new insights into the

  8. Connectedness: A Review of the Literature with Implications for Counseling, Assessment, and Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Townsend, Katharine C.; McWhirter, Benedict T.

    2005-01-01

    In this article, the authors review the current conceptual and empirical literature from a variety of disciplines dealing with the construct of connectedness. A working definition of connectedness is provided along with a discussion of its multidimensional nature and major characteristics. Its relationship with a variety of other variables is also…

  9. Social Connectedness, Discrimination, and Social Status as Mediators of Acculturation/Enculturation and Well-Being

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoon, Eunju; Hacker, Jason; Hewitt, Amber; Abrams, Matthew; Cleary, Sarah

    2012-01-01

    The present study proposed and tested a conceptual model of acculturation/enculturation and subjective well-being (SWB) by including social connectedness in mainstream society, social connectedness in the ethnic community, perceived discrimination, and expected social status as mediators. Survey data from 273 Asian American college students in the…

  10. We'll stay in touch: Intuitive communication means for social connectedness

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Biemans, Margaretha Catharina Maria; van Halteren, Aart; van Dijk, Elisabeth M.A.G.; Rijckenberg, Gert-Jan; van Pelt, Xander; Poortinga, Remco

    One of the dominant aspects in people’s well-being is social connectedness. Social connectedness refers to the subjective awareness of being in close interpersonal, meaningful, and positive social relationships and social contexts (Tilburg et al., 1998; Perlman & Paplau 1981). In our research

  11. Autonomy- vs. Connectedness-Oriented Parenting Behaviours in Chinese and Canadian Mothers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Mowei; Chen, Xinyin; Rubin, Kenneth H.; Zheng, Shujie; Cui, Liying; Li, Dan; Chen, Huichang; Wang, Li

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to investigate maternal socialization goal-oriented behaviours in Chinese and Canadian mothers. Participants were samples of children at 2 years of age and their mothers in P.R. China and Canada. Data on child autonomy and connectedness and maternal encouragement of autonomy and connectedness were collected from…

  12. We'll stay in touch: Intuitive communication means for social connectedness

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Biemans, Margit; Halteren, van Aart; Dijk, van Betsy; Rijckenberg, Gert-Jan; Pelt, van Xander; Poortinga, Remco

    2008-01-01

    One of the dominant aspects in people’s well-being is social connectedness. Social connectedness refers to the subjective awareness of being in close interpersonal, meaningful, and positive social relationships and social contexts (Tilburg et al., 1998; Perlman & Paplau 1981). In our research projec

  13. Food for talk: Photo frames to support social connectedness for elderly people in a nursing home

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Biemans, Margaretha Catharina Maria; van Dijk, Elisabeth M.A.G.; Norros, L.; Koskinen, H.; Salo, S.; Savioja, P.

    2009-01-01

    Social connectedness is crucial to someone’s well-being. A case study is conducted to test whether the social connectedness of elderly people living in a nursing home and their family and friends can be improved through a photo frame. A SIM-based photo frame is used to keep the elderly people

  14. Anxiety, depression and autonomy–connectedness : The mediating role of alexithymia and assertiveness

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rutten, E.A.P.; Bachrach, N.; van Balkom, A.J.L.M.; Braeken, Johan; Ouwens, Machteld; Bekker, M.H.J.

    2016-01-01

    Objective Autonomy–connectedness (self-awareness, sensitivity to others, and capacity for managing new situations) reflects the capacity for self-governance, including in social relationships. Evidence showed that autonomy–connectedness is related to anxiety and depression. Little is known about the

  15. Connectedness of G-proper Efficient Solution Set for Multiobjective Programming Problem

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    KONG Xiang-qing

    2002-01-01

    In this paper, we investigate the connectedness of G-proper efficient solution set for multiobjective programming problem. It is shown that the G-proper efficient solution set is connected if objective functions are convex. A sufficient condition for the connectedness of G-proper efficient solution set is established when objective functions are strictly quasiconvex.

  16. Evaluating the Effects of Environmental Education Programming on Connectedness to Nature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ernst, Julie; Theimer, Stefan

    2011-01-01

    With a growing movement to re-connect children to nature, an understanding of the ability of environmental education (EE) programs to foster connectedness to nature is needed. The purpose of this exploratory quantitative study is to determine the effect of seven EE programs on participants' connectedness to nature. Results from the 385 children…

  17. Autonomy- vs. Connectedness-Oriented Parenting Behaviours in Chinese and Canadian Mothers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Mowei; Chen, Xinyin; Rubin, Kenneth H.; Zheng, Shujie; Cui, Liying; Li, Dan; Chen, Huichang; Wang, Li

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to investigate maternal socialization goal-oriented behaviours in Chinese and Canadian mothers. Participants were samples of children at 2 years of age and their mothers in P.R. China and Canada. Data on child autonomy and connectedness and maternal encouragement of autonomy and connectedness were collected from…

  18. Social Connectedness, Discrimination, and Social Status as Mediators of Acculturation/Enculturation and Well-Being

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoon, Eunju; Hacker, Jason; Hewitt, Amber; Abrams, Matthew; Cleary, Sarah

    2012-01-01

    The present study proposed and tested a conceptual model of acculturation/enculturation and subjective well-being (SWB) by including social connectedness in mainstream society, social connectedness in the ethnic community, perceived discrimination, and expected social status as mediators. Survey data from 273 Asian American college students in the…

  19. Effects of Internet Connectedness and Information Literacy on Quality of Life

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leung, Louis

    2010-01-01

    The goal of this exploratory research is to examine the inter-linkage among Internet connectedness, information literacy, and quality of life. Results from a telephone survey, based on a probability sample of 756 Internet users, found that Internet connectedness is not related to quality of life. However, there is a significant relationship…

  20. School Connectedness for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Youth: In-School Victimization and Institutional Supports

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diaz, Elizabeth M.; Kosciw, Joseph G.; Greytak, Emily A.

    2010-01-01

    Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender students often face challenges that prevent them from developing a sense of connectedness to school. Many LGBT youth attend schools that are unwelcoming or even overtly hostile. For any student, being victimized at school can negatively impact their sense of school connectedness. This article discusses the…

  1. A Prospective Study Investigating the Links among Classroom Environment, School Connectedness, and Depressive Symptoms in Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shochet, Ian M.; Smith, Coral L.

    2014-01-01

    School connectedness and classroom environment have both been strongly linked to depressive symptoms, but their interrelation is unclear. We tested whether school connectedness mediated the link between classroom environment and depressive symptoms. A sample of 504 Australian seventh-and eighth-grade students completed the Classroom Environment…

  2. School Connectedness for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Youth: In-School Victimization and Institutional Supports

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diaz, Elizabeth M.; Kosciw, Joseph G.; Greytak, Emily A.

    2010-01-01

    Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender students often face challenges that prevent them from developing a sense of connectedness to school. Many LGBT youth attend schools that are unwelcoming or even overtly hostile. For any student, being victimized at school can negatively impact their sense of school connectedness. This article discusses the…

  3. Semiologia e pintura segundo René Passeron

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilcon Pereira

    1981-01-01

    Full Text Available Trata-se de uma síntese das principais idéias de René Passeron a propósito da fundamentação de uma análise lingüístico-semiótica das obras pictóricas. Em que medida um quadro pode ser considerado um texto? Quais seriam os elementos básicos de uma pintura? Podemos falar em articulações de unidades no campo visual definido por uma obra dessa natureza? E quais os repertórios e as regras combinatórias? O artigo propõe a discussão destes problemas a partir das rigorosas e oportunas colocações do importante teórico, crítico e historiador da arte, infelizmente quase desconhecido entre nós.

  4. Adolescents-Family Connectedness: A First Cross-Cultural Research on Parenting and Psychological Adjustment of Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dwairy, Marwan; Achoui, Mustafa

    2010-01-01

    Connectedness between children and their family is a major factor that distinguishes between collective and individualistic cultures. The "Multigenerational Interconnectedness Scale", measuring adolescents-family connectedness was administered to adolescents in nine western and eastern countries. The findings show that connectedness in eastern…

  5. School social cohesion, student-school connectedness, and bullying in Colombian adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Springer, Andrew E; Cuevas Jaramillo, Maria Clara; Ortiz Gómez, Yamileth; Case, Katie; Wilkinson, Anna

    2016-12-01

    Student-school connectedness is inversely associated with multiple health risk behaviors, yet research is limited on the relative contributions of a student's connectedness with school and an overall context of school social cohesion to peer victimization/bullying. We examined associations of perceived school cohesion and student-school connectedness with physical victimization, verbal victimization, and social exclusion in the past six months in adolescents in grades 6-11 (N = 774) attending 11 public and private urban schools in Colombia. Cross-sectional data were collected via a self-administered questionnaire and analyzed using mixed-effects linear regression models. Higher perceived school cohesion was inversely related with exposure to three bullying types examined (p bullying types after controlling for student-school connectedness (p ≤ 0.05). Enhancing school cohesion may hold benefits for bullying prevention beyond a student's individual school connectedness. © The Author(s) 2015.

  6. Emotion regulation and depressive symptoms: examining the mediation effects of school connectedness in Chinese late adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Yanhua; Zhao, Guoxiang

    2015-04-01

    This study tested Gross's process model of emotion regulation in a Chinese adolescent sample. It hypothesized that emotion regulation strategies (cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression) would predict adolescents' perception of school connectedness and depressive symptoms. It also posited that school connectedness may be a possible mediator between emotion regulation and depressive symptoms. Participants were 504 adolescents aged 16-18 from two Chinese public upper secondary schools. Structural equation modeling analyses indicated that reappraisal and suppression significantly associated with school connectedness and depressive symptoms, and school connectedness mediated the link between emotion regulation and depressive symptoms, even when the general emotion experiences were controlled. Although boys unexpectedly reported higher level depressive symptoms, the hypothesized model was invariant across gender except for the link between suppression and depressive symptoms. These findings demonstrate that it is meaningful to involve both emotion regulation processes and school connectedness in explaining adolescent depressive symptoms.

  7. Connectedness Among Chilean Adolescents: Factor Analysis of the Hemingway Measure of Adolescent Connectedness La Conectividad Entre Adolescentes Chilenos: Un Análisis Factorial de la Hemingway Measure of Adolescent Connectedness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benedict T McWhirter

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available The construct of connectedness was investigated among 390 Chilean adolescents using the Hemingway Measure of Adolescent Connectedness (Hemingway; Karcher, 2003. Participants were 7th-12th graders at an urban Santiago Catholic school. Results of a principal-axis exploratory factor analysis revealed an 11 factor structure that accounts for 61.92% of total explained variance of adolescent connectedness measured by the Hemingway, similar to results found in the adolescent samples in the United States. Two additional Hemingway subscales (connectedness to siblings and to boyfriend/girlfriend are also described. Correlations between domains of connectedness and additional data obtained from these adolescents, their parents, and their teachers support the construct validity of the measure in this Chilean sample. Connectedness is an important protective factor among adolescents across many national contexts and the Hemingway is a promising measure for use with Chilean adolescents.Se examinó el constructo conectividad en 390 adolescentes chilenos en un colegio urbano y católico de Santiago. Mediante un análisis factorial exploratorio de la escala Hemingway Measure of Adolescent Connectedness (Hemingway, Karcher, 2003 se observó una estructura de 11 factores que da cuenta de un 61,92% de la varianza explicada de la conectividad de los adolescentes medida por la escala Hemingway, lo cual es muy similar a los resultados obtenidos en muestras de adolescentes estadounidenses. También se describen dos subescalas adicionales (la conectividad con los/las hermanos/as y con los/las pololos/as. Las relaciones entre los factores de conectividad y los datos reportados por los adolescentes, sus padres y profesores contribuyen también a la validez de constructo de la escala en esta muestra chilena. Para los adolescentes de distintos contextos culturales la conectividad es un factor importante de protección y la escala Hemingway es un instrumento de uso prometedor

  8. Self-esteem mediates the relationship between connectedness to nature and body appreciation in women, but not men.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swami, Viren; von Nordheim, Laura; Barron, David

    2016-03-01

    Connectedness to nature (i.e., an affective and experiential connection to nature) is known to have a positive effect on psychological well-being, but its specific associations with body image have not been fully examined. To attend to this oversight, we conducted a preliminary investigation of associations between connectedness to nature and body appreciation. A total of 380 British adults completed measures of connectedness to nature, body appreciation, and self-esteem. Bivariate correlations revealed significant positive associations between all variables in women. In men, body appreciation was significantly correlated with self-esteem, but not connectedness to nature. Mediation analysis showed that, in women, self-esteem fully mediated the relationship between connectedness to nature and body appreciation. In men, body appreciation was significantly associated with self-esteem, but not connectedness to nature. These results point to a potential route for improving body image among women through connectedness to nature and self-esteem, but further research is necessary.

  9. Pekon palvonta René Girardin uskontoteorian valossa / Tuukka Sandström

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sandström, Tuukka

    2005-01-01

    Prantsuse filosoofi René Girardi ideedest primitiivse religiooni kohta. Setumaal veel 20. sajandi alguses levinud viljakusjumal Peko kultusest ja iga-aastasest uue Peko papi valimise rituaalist R. Girardi tõlgenduse valguses

  10. The excitation functions of 187Re(n,2n)186m,gRe Reactions

    OpenAIRE

    Huang, Xiao-Long; Kang, Meng-Xiao; Liu, Li-Le; Wang, Ji-Min; Jiang, Li-Yang; Chen, Xiong-Jun

    2015-01-01

    A new value for the emission probability of 137.144keV g-ray of 186gRe decay are re-recommended to be 9.47+-0.03 (%). From this new g-ray emission probability, the measured cross sections for 187Re(n,2n)186mRe and 187Re(n,2n)186gRe reactions around 14MeV are evaluated, and the total cross section for 187Re(n,2n)186m+gRe reaction at 14.8MeV is recommended to be 2213+-116 mb. The UNF code are adopted to calculate the total cross sections for 187Re(n,2n)186m+gRe reaction below 20 MeV fitting to ...

  11. On Translation of Ren in The Analects in Terms of Cultural Translation Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Qin

    2013-01-01

    In 1980’s, the famous translator and scholar Bassnett proposes a new translation theory, namely cultural translation the-ory, in which Bassnett insists that culture should be taken as the basic unit of translation, which attracts the attentions all over the world. In the thesis, the translation of Ren, one of the main ideas of Confucianism, will be discussed from the perspective of Bassnett’s cultural translation theory. Ren, the essence of The Analects, also the symbol of Chinese traditional culture, is endowed with profound connotation and important status. There are more and more translations of Ren in contemporary era. After com-paring different kinds of translation and cultural translation theory, the most proper way of doing it may be transliterating it to Ren.

  12. Pekon palvonta René Girardin uskontoteorian valossa / Tuukka Sandström

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sandström, Tuukka

    2005-01-01

    Prantsuse filosoofi René Girardi ideedest primitiivse religiooni kohta. Setumaal veel 20. sajandi alguses levinud viljakusjumal Peko kultusest ja iga-aastasest uue Peko papi valimise rituaalist R. Girardi tõlgenduse valguses

  13. Modeling the Connectedness Between best Management Practices and Vulnerability Assessments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anandhi, A.; Bailey, N.; Thomas, M.; Bartnick, B.

    2015-12-01

    The overall goal of this study is to better understand the connectedness between Best management practices (BMPs) and vulnerability assessments (VA) in a changing landuse. Developing this connectedness will help understand key vulnerabilities and improve adaptive capacity important for ecosystem sustainability. BMPs are practical management practices or systems designed and installed in watersheds to provide a wide range of effects to protect or restore the physical, chemical, and biological condition of waterbodies (e.g. changing hydrology; improving vegetative habitat; mitigate adverse environmental change). VAs can be defined as "the degree to which the system is susceptible to and is unable to cope with adverse effects of change" and are often characterized as a function of exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity. There are many variables and factors used in calculating the impact of BMPs and VAs. The event mean concentration or load (e.g. nutrient, sediment,) associated with the specific landuse is an important variable. There is much data that predicts the loads associated with the major landuses (urban, agricultural). Loads greatly vary with region; rainfall characteristics (e.g. rainfall intensity, rainfall frequency); soil characteristics (e.g. soil type, hydrologic soil groups); hydrologic characteristics (e.g. runoff potential). A concern also exists that possibly all of the variables associated with changes in an individual land use have not been identified and distinguished for their impact on land use. For example, the loads associated with a high density residential with much green space may be more similar to medium density than loads associated with high rise apartment buildings. Other factors may include age of construction, % of families with children, % of families with pets, level of transiency, and construction activity The objective of our study is to develop an initial framework using multiple variables and factors to represent the

  14. The avant-garde is not dead / René Block ; intervjueerinud Eero Epner

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Block, René, 1942-

    2010-01-01

    Intervjuu saksa galeristi ja kuraatori René Blockiga, kes 1964. a. avas Berliinis galerii, kus eksponeeris J. Beuysi, S. Polke, G. Richteri jt. töid. Töötamisest kuraatorina alates 1970. aastatest, biennaalide tulevikust, avangardist. René Blocki galeriis 1966. a. toimunud Joseph Beuys'i performance'ist "Kuidas seletada kunsti surnud jänesele", millest inspireerituna teater NO99 lõi samanimelise lavastuse

  15. The avant-garde is not dead / René Block ; intervjueerinud Eero Epner

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Block, René, 1942-

    2010-01-01

    Intervjuu saksa galeristi ja kuraatori René Blockiga, kes 1964. a. avas Berliinis galerii, kus eksponeeris J. Beuysi, S. Polke, G. Richteri jt. töid. Töötamisest kuraatorina alates 1970. aastatest, biennaalide tulevikust, avangardist. René Blocki galeriis 1966. a. toimunud Joseph Beuys'i performance'ist "Kuidas seletada kunsti surnud jänesele", millest inspireerituna teater NO99 lõi samanimelise lavastuse

  16. The Impact of School Connectedness and Teacher Support on Depressive Symptoms in Adolescents: A Multilevel Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joyce, Hilary D; Early, Theresa J

    2014-04-01

    Using data from Waves I and II of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health), this study examined the association between school connectedness and teacher support and depressive symptoms in a weighted sample of 11,852 adolescents from 132 schools. To account for the nested data, multilevel regression was utilized. The results indicated higher school connectedness and getting along with teachers were significantly associated with fewer depressive symptoms. Findings offer implications for school social work practice and future research. Suggestions for future research are described and strategies to enhance school connectedness and teacher support are discussed.

  17. Refleksion - Worms kabinet og renæssancen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Teglhus, Hanne

    2006-01-01

    Udstilling om Ole Worms liv og videnskab. Ole Worm var læge og videnskabsmand i renæssancen. Ud over at være medicinsk professor ved Københavns Universitet interesserede han sig indgående for Danmarks fortidsminder og runeskrift. Ole Worm skabte sit eget museum, det såkaldte  Museum Wormianum, som...... alt indhold. Ikke med originale genstande, men med dyr, sten, metal og artefakter, der kom så tæt på det originale som muligt.  Denne installation samt portrætgalleriet af Ole Worms forfædre og efterkommere udgør udstillingens hovedelementer. Dertil kommer eksempler på de naturobjekter, der indgik i hans...... medicinske behandlinger og et udvalg af Ole Worms originale videnskabelige publikationer. Til udstillingen er opbygget et moderne "skab dit eget museum" til brug for de besøgendes egne medbragte genstande, som de opfordres til at forsøge at systematisere og udstille efter behag....

  18. ren Buus' contribution to speech intelligibility prediction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Müsch, Hannes; Florentine, Mary

    2005-04-01

    In addition to his work in psychoacoustics, Søren Buus also contributed to the field of speech intelligibility prediction by developing a model that predicts the results of speech recognition tests [H. Müsch and S. Buus, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 109, 2896-2909 (2001)]. The model was successful in test conditions that are outside the scope of the Articulation Index. It builds on Green and Birdsall's concept of describing a speech recognition task as selecting one of several response alternatives [in D. Green and J. Swets, Signal Detection Theory (1966), pp. 609-619], and on Durlach et al.'s model for discriminating broadband sounds [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 80, 63-72 (1986)]. Experimental evidence suggests that listeners can extract redundant, independent, or synergistic information from spectrally distinct speech bands. One of the main accomplishments of the model is to reflect this ability. The model also provides for a measure of linguistic entropy to enter the intelligibility prediction. Recent model development has focused on investigating whether this measure, the cognitive noise, can account for the effects of semantic and syntactic context. This presentation will review the model and present new model predictions. [Work supported by NIH grant R01DC00187.

  19. Relationship between uniform connectedness and proximity in perceptual grouping

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    Palmer and Rock proposed that uniform connectedness (UC) occurs prior to classical Gestalt factors to define the primitive units for visual perception. Han, Humphreys and Chen, however, found that grouping by proximity can take place as quickly as that based on UC in a letter discrimination task. The present study employed a letter detection task to examine the relationship between UC and proximity grouping in 3 experiments. We showed that reaction times to targets defined by proximity or UC were equally fast when one or two global objects were presented in the visual field. However, as the number of global objects was increased, responses were faster to targets defined by UC than to targets defined by proximity. In addition, the advantage of UC over proximity was not affected by the space between global objects. The results suggest that UC was more effective than proximity in forming perceptual units under multiple object conditions. Possible reasons for this finding are discussed.

  20. Michel Foucault y René Magritte: algunas afinidades electivas Michel Foucault and René Magritte: certain elective affinities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Gihovani Toscano López

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Este escrito, resalta no las diferencias sino las relaciones entre Magritte y Foucault. Se trata de atender a la posibilidad no sólo de suscitar un diálogo entre ambos personajes, sino de superar la lógica del sentido. Para esto, primero estudiaremos los conceptos de paradoja y rareza como rasgos característicos de ambos. Segundo, abordaremos la filosofía y el arte como cajas de herramientas para la reflexión. Tercero, analizaremos la afinidad entre palabra e imagen como un elemento importante en juego. Finalmente, efectuaremos una tematización de sus obras.This essay is not about the differences between Michel Foucault and René Magritte. It is about their relationships. We must attend to the possibility not only of stimulating a dialogue between both characters but also, and above all, of overcoming sense logic. In order to do this, first we study the concepts of paradox and rarity as characteristic features of both of them. Second, we must think of philosophy and art as toolkits for the reflection. Third, we will analyze the affinity between word and image as an important element at play here. Finally, we will perform a thematization of their works.

  1. Assessment of awareness of connectedness as a culturally-based protective factor for Alaska native youth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohatt, Nathaniel V; Fok, Carlotta Ching Ting; Burket, Rebekah; Henry, David; Allen, James

    2011-10-01

    Research with Native Americans has identified connectedness as a culturally based protective factor against substance abuse and suicide. Connectedness refers to the interrelated welfare of the individual, one's family, one's community, and the natural environment. We developed an 18-item quantitative assessment of awareness of connectedness and tested it with 284 Alaska Native youth. Evaluation with confirmatory factor analysis and item response theory identified a 12-item subset that functions satisfactorily in a second-order four-factor model. The proposed Awareness of Connectedness Scale (ACS) displays good convergent and discriminant validity, and correlates positively with hypothesized protective factors such as reasons for living and communal mastery. The measure has utility in the study of culture-specific protective factors and as an outcomes measure for behavioral health programs with Native American youth.

  2. Connectedness and suicidal ideation among adolescents involved with child welfare: a national survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Amy S; Fulginiti, Anthony; Finno-Velasquez, Megan

    2015-04-01

    Using data from the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being, this study examined the relationship between connectedness in major social domains (i.e., caregiver, peers, deviant peers, and school) and suicidal ideation among adolescents (11-17 years old) investigated by child welfare agencies (N=995). Weighted logistic regression models were used to evaluate the relationships between connectedness variables and suicidal ideation, after adjusting for covariates. Youths with a stronger connection to caregivers were much less likely to report suicidal ideation, whereas youths with stronger deviant peer relationships were significantly more likely to report suicidal ideation. Significant associations found between primary caregiver and deviant peer connectedness and suicidal ideation highlight the need for attentive consideration of these relationships when working with this highly vulnerable population. Identifying domain-specific connectedness factors related to suicidal ideation presents an opportunity for the development of targeted early intervention for child welfare-involved youths.

  3. Assessment of Awareness of Connectedness as a Culturally-based Protective Factor for Alaska Native Youth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohatt, Nathaniel V.; Fok, Carlotta Ching Ting; Burket, Rebekah; Henry, David; Allen, James

    2011-01-01

    Research with Native Americans has identified connectedness as a culturally-based protective factor against substance abuse and suicide. Connectedness refers to the interrelated welfare of the individual, one’s family, one’s community, and the natural environment. We developed an 18-item quantitative assessment of awareness of connectedness and tested it with 284 Alaska Native youth. Evaluation with confirmatory factor analysis and item response theory identified a 12-item subset that functions satisfactorily in a second-order, four-factor model. The proposed Awareness of Connectedness Scale displays good convergent and discriminant validity and correlates positively with hypothesized protective factors such as reasons for living and communal mastery. The measure has utility in the study of culture-specific protective factors and as an outcomes measure for behavioral health programs with Native American youth. PMID:21988583

  4. Connectedness to Nature and Public (Skin Health Perspectives: Results of a Representative, Population-Based Survey among Austrian Residents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Haluza

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Connectedness to nature (CN influences motivation to have contact with outdoor natural environments. Spending leisure time in natural environments is beneficial for human health and well-being. Besides these positive effects, health risks of open-air activities are mainly related to unprotected sun light exposure-associated acute and chronic skin hazards. Thus, we conducted a cross-sectional, representative telephone survey among Austrian residents to study the association of perceived CN level with sun-exposure knowledge, tanning habits, and sun protective behaviour. In total, 1,500 study subjects (50.5% females participated in this questionnaire survey. Although knowledge about tanning and motives to tan were similar among genders, females performed more photoprotective measures and were more connected to nature (all p < 0.001 compared to males. Older age and outdoor sport were significant gender-independent predictor variables influencing perceived CN level. Additionally, level of education was relevant in male CN, whereas non-smoking and higher knowledge were predictive of female CN. This survey provides so far unreported empirical data on the relationship between nature connectedness and skin health-relevant recreational habits of Austrian residents. The findings suggest to integrate hitherto neglected gender-specific Public (Skin Health promotion when counselling on the manifold health advantages of outdoor activities.

  5. Crisis-Contingent Dynamics of Connectedness: An SVAR-Spatial-Network “Tripod” Model with Thresholds

    OpenAIRE

    Sun, Hang

    2016-01-01

    In recent years a growing number of methodologies have been proposed to empirically measure the connectedness among financial entities. However, few of them capture the dynamics of the financial connectedness. This paper aims to fill this gap and proposes a novel and systematic model to portray not only the connectedness in a given regime but also its transitions across different regimes. The model is based on an improved version of a “tripod” model, which unifies structural vector auto-regre...

  6. Self-esteem mediates the relationship between connectedness to nature and body appreciation in women, but not men

    OpenAIRE

    Swami, V.; von Nordheim, L.; Barron, D.

    2016-01-01

    Connectedness to nature (i.e., an affective and experiential connection to nature) is known to have a positive effect on psychological well-being, but its specific associations with body image have not been fully examined. To attend to this oversight, we conducted a preliminary investigation of associations between connectedness to nature and body appreciation. A total of 380 British adults completed measures of connectedness to nature, body appreciation, and self-esteem. Bivariate correlatio...

  7. Connectedness among herds of beef cattle bred under natural service

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piedrafita Jesús

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background A procedure to measure connectedness among herds was applied to a beef cattle population bred by natural service. It consists of two steps: (a computing coefficients of determination (CDs of comparisons among herds; and (b building sets of connected herds. Methods The CDs of comparisons among herds were calculated using a sampling-based method that estimates empirical variances of true and predicted breeding values from a simulated n-sample. Once the CD matrix was estimated, a clustering method that can handle a large number of comparisons was applied to build compact clusters of connected herds of the Bruna dels Pirineus beef cattle. Since in this breed, natural service is predominant and there are almost no links with reference sires, to estimate CDs, an animal model was used taking into consideration all pedigree information and, especially, the connections with dams. A sensitivity analysis was performed to contrast single-trait sire and animal model evaluations with different heritabilities, multiple-trait animal model evaluations with different degrees of genetic correlations and models with maternal effects. Results Using a sire model, the percentage of connected herds was very low even for highly heritable traits whereas with an animal model, most of the herds of the breed were well connected and high CD values were obtained among them, especially for highly heritable traits (the mean of average CD per herd was 0.535 for a simulated heritability of 0.40. For the lowly heritable traits, the average CD increased from 0.310 in the single-trait evaluation to 0.319 and 0.354 in the multi-trait evaluation with moderate and high genetic correlations, respectively. In models with maternal effects, the average CD per herd for the direct effects was similar to that from single-trait evaluations. For the maternal effects, the average CD per herd increased if the maternal effects had a high genetic correlation with the direct

  8. Synthesis of ReN3 Thin Films by Magnetron Sputtering

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Soto

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In this work ReNx films were prepared by reactive magnetron sputtering at room temperature and deposited on a silicon wafer. It was found that the diffractograms of the nitrogen-rich rhenium film are consistent with those produced by high-pressure high-temperature methods, under the assumption that the film is oriented on the substrate. Using density functional calculations it was found that the composition of this compound could be ReN3, instead of ReN2, as stated on previous works. The ReN3 compound fits in the Ama2 (40 orthorhombic space group, and due to the existence of N3 anions between Re layers it should be categorized as an azide. The material is exceptionally brittle and inherently unstable under indentation testing.

  9. Joint graph cut and relative fuzzy connectedness image segmentation algorithm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ciesielski, Krzysztof Chris; Miranda, Paulo A V; Falcão, Alexandre X; Udupa, Jayaram K

    2013-12-01

    We introduce an image segmentation algorithm, called GC(sum)(max), which combines, in novel manner, the strengths of two popular algorithms: Relative Fuzzy Connectedness (RFC) and (standard) Graph Cut (GC). We show, both theoretically and experimentally, that GC(sum)(max) preserves robustness of RFC with respect to the seed choice (thus, avoiding "shrinking problem" of GC), while keeping GC's stronger control over the problem of "leaking though poorly defined boundary segments." The analysis of GC(sum)(max) is greatly facilitated by our recent theoretical results that RFC can be described within the framework of Generalized GC (GGC) segmentation algorithms. In our implementation of GC(sum)(max) we use, as a subroutine, a version of RFC algorithm (based on Image Forest Transform) that runs (provably) in linear time with respect to the image size. This results in GC(sum)(max) running in a time close to linear. Experimental comparison of GC(sum)(max) to GC, an iterative version of RFC (IRFC), and power watershed (PW), based on a variety medical and non-medical images, indicates superior accuracy performance of GC(sum)(max) over these other methods, resulting in a rank ordering of GC(sum)(max)>PW∼IRFC>GC.

  10. René Girard. Kortfattet, systematisk indføring i René Girards tænkning: begærslære, antropologi og kristendomsudlægning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Hans Jørgen Lundager

    Kortfattet, systematisk indføring i René Girards tækning: begærslære, antropologi og kristendomsudlægning......Kortfattet, systematisk indføring i René Girards tækning: begærslære, antropologi og kristendomsudlægning...

  11. Using Author Bylines and Concept Maps to Illustrate the Connectedness of Scientists

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Min-Ken Liao

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Incorporating reading and discussing primary articles in undergraduate courses has been shown to enhance students’ learning, stimulate their interests in science, and retain them as science majors.  While instructors diligently coach students to scrutinize every section in an article thoroughly and critically, the author byline is often overlooked.  In this study, the author bylines of primary articles were used to illustrate the connectedness of scientists and the collaborative nature of science.  First year college students first learned how to construct a concept map and used concept maps to connect 14 scientists with 14 primary articles that these scientists authored.  In doing so, students visualized and understood science as human activity and science progresses as a community effort.  Pre- and post-activity questionnaires were used to evaluate whether the activity objectives were met.  Students further examined the structure and organization of a primary article after the activity and they were engaged in discussions such as how research ideas developed and evolved, the advantages and disadvantages of collaborative research, the ethics of authorships, graduate schools, and careers in science. Hopefully, perceiving the authors of primary articles as real people in a social network and science as the collaborative efforts may help students see themselves being a part of the scientific advancement and inspire them to pursue careers in science.

  12. A neutron spectrometer concept implementing RENS for studies in life sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magazù, S; Mamontov, E

    2017-01-01

    Resolution Elastic Neutron Scattering (RENS) method involves performing elastic scattering intensity scans as a function of the instrumental energy resolution and as a function of temperature. In the framework of RENS, numerical simulation and experimental data show that in the measured elastic scattering law against the logarithm of the instrumental energy resolution an inflection point occurs when the resolution time intersects the system relaxation time; conversely, in the measured elastic scattering law against temperature an inflection point turns up when the system relaxation time intersects the resolution time. For practical implementation of the RENS technique, a dedicated neutron spectrometer would be needed. Here we propose a concept of such a spectrometer that utilizes mechanical velocity selection of both incident and scattered neutrons over a wide angular range. The instrument is able to collect intensity scans vs energy resolution where the instrumental resolution time changes crisscrossing the system relaxation time, and intensity scans vs temperature where the system relaxation time changes intersecting the instrumental resolution time. We propose a RENS spectrometer concept based on velocity selection of incident neutrons and wide-angle velocity selection of scattered neutrons achieved by the same rotating collimator-type mechanical device with the optimized shape of blades. RENS spectrometer is strongly appealing and innovative because of the simultaneous data collection as a function of energy resolution, wide wavevector range and temperature. Such a spectrometer would be the first practical implementation of RENS concept with a broad range of applications in Life Sciences. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled "Science for Life" Guest Editor: Dr. Austen Angell, Dr. Salvatore Magazù and Dr. Federica Migliardo. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  13. Predicting individual differences in autonomy-connectedness: the role of body awareness, alexithymia, and assertiveness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bekker, Marrie H J; Croon, Marcel A; van Balkom, Esther G A; Vermee, Jennifer B G

    2008-06-01

    Autonomy-connectedness is the capacity for being on one's own as well as for satisfactorily engaging in interpersonal relationships. Associations have been shown between autonomy-connectedness components (self-awareness, sensitivity to others, and the capacity for managing new situations) and various indices of psychopathology. Both in a theoretical sense as well as for enhancing treatment and prevention, it is relevant to identify which factors most powerfully predict individual differences in autonomy-connectedness: body awareness, alexithymia, or assertiveness. The present study examined this question in a clinical sample of women who were diagnosed as having autonomy problems (N=52) and in a female nonclinical community sample (N=59). In line with expectations, assertiveness was a strong predictor of (all three components of) autonomy-connectedness, as was emotionalizing, one of the alexithymia-components, but the latter in an opposite direction than we had expected: the higher an individual's ability to emotionalize was, the less self-aware and capable to manage new situations that person was, and the more sensitive to others. Cognitive alexithymia contributed to self-awareness as well as to the capacity for managing new situations, and one of the components of body awareness appeared to predict capacity for managing new situations. Our results indicate that assertiveness training and the enhancement of emotion regulation are important elements of autonomy-connectedness targeted interventions. (c) 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  14. Anxiety, depression and autonomy-connectedness: The mediating role of alexithymia and assertiveness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rutten, Elisabeth A P; Bachrach, Nathan; van Balkom, Anton J L M; Braeken, Johan; Ouwens, Machteld A; Bekker, Marrie H J

    2016-12-01

    Autonomy-connectedness (self-awareness, sensitivity to others, and capacity for managing new situations) reflects the capacity for self-governance, including in social relationships. Evidence showed that autonomy-connectedness is related to anxiety and depression. Little is known about the underlying mechanisms. We hypothesized that alexithymia and assertiveness would mediate the relationships between autonomy-connectedness and anxiety and depression. Relationships among the variables were investigated in 100 patients with a mean age of 42.2 suffering from anxiety and/or depression using a cross-sectional design. The relationship between self-awareness and both anxiety and depression was mediated by alexithymia. For anxiety, there was also a direct effect of sensitivity to others that was not explained by either alexithymia or assertiveness. Assertiveness did not have any mediational effect. The results indicate that particularly alexithymia explains the association of autonomy-connectedness with anxiety and depression. The study confirmed the relevance of autonomy-connectedness in anxiety and depression. In treating symptoms of anxiety, it is advisable to give attention to normalizing the patient's sensitivity to others. Treatment of patients with symptoms of anxiety and depression should include assessment of emotional awareness and, in the case of impaired emotional awareness, should be tailored as to promote increased awareness. © 2015 The British Psychological Society.

  15. Effect of Genetic Connectedness on the Selection Results of Breeding Pigs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Two pig populations were simulated with Monte Carlo method; each consisted of 5 boars and 50 sows per generation.Genetic connectedness between herds was established by randomly selecting 1 or 2 boars from one population to mate sows of the other population. Breeding pigs were selected within populations according to animal model BLUP. The benefits of genetic connectedness between herds were examined. The results showed that, the average coefficients of inbreeding decreased, while the cumulative selection responses of populations increased, and the higher response occurred randomly in the two populations at generation 5 with the increase of the genetic connectedness between herds.Selection response was affected by genetic connectedness and trait heritability, the lower heritability and higher connectedness, the better selection results. When the number of exchanged litters between populations per generation was 6 litters, the selection results reached a reflection point; if the number of exchanged litters between populations increased further from this point, neither the increase of the cumulative selection responses nor the decrease of coefficients of inbreeding was significant.

  16. The Role of Social Connectedness and Sexual Orientation in the Prevention of Youth Suicide Ideation and Attempts Among Sexually Active Adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stone, Deborah M; Luo, Feijun; Lippy, Caroline; McIntosh, Wendy LiKamWa

    2015-08-01

    The impact of types of social connectedness-family, other adult, and school-on suicide ideation and attempts among all youth, the relative impact of each type, and effect modification by sexual orientation was assessed. Data were from the 2007-2009 Milwaukee Youth Risk Behavior Surveys. Multivariable logistic regression analyses calculated the risk of suicide ideation and attempts by sexual orientation, types of social connectedness, and their interaction. Among all youth, each type of connectedness modeled singly conferred protective effects for suicide ideation. Family and other adult connectedness protected against suicide attempts. When modeled simultaneously, family connectedness protected against ideation and attempts. Sexual orientation modified the association between other adult connectedness and suicide ideation. Findings suggest that family connectedness confers the most consistent protection among all youth and sexual orientation does not generally modify the association between connectedness and suicidal behavior.

  17. ‘Mum never loved me.’ How structural factors influence adolescent sexual and reproductive health through parent–child connectedness: A qualitative study in rural Tanzania

    OpenAIRE

    Wamoyi, Joyce; Wight, Daniel

    2014-01-01

    Research in high income countries shows parent–child connectedness to be protective against undesirable sexual and reproductive health (SRH) outcomes among young people. Little has been done to understand the nature of parent–child connectedness, the structural factors that impact on connectedness and parents’ understanding of how connectedness affects their children's sexual behaviour in sub-Saharan Africa and Tanzania in particular. Ethnographic research involved 30 days of observation in 1...

  18. Dissociation of blood pressure reduction from end-organ damage in TGR(mREN2)27 transgenic hypertensive rats

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Teisman, ACH; Pinto, YM; Buikema, H; Flesch, M; Bohm, M; Paul, M; van Gilst, WH

    1998-01-01

    Objective Since the biochemical disturbance underlying hypertension may be an important determinant of patient outcome, we compared the effects of early treatment with different antihypertensive drugs on end-organ damage in the TGR(mREN2)27 transgenic rat (REN-P), In these REN-P rats, hypertension i

  19. Crisis-Contingent Dynamics of Connectedness: An SVAR-Spatial-Network “Tripod” Model with Thresholds

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sun, Hang

    2016-01-01

    In recent years a growing number of methodologies have been proposed to empirically measure the connectedness among financial entities. However, few of them capture the dynamics of the financial connectedness. This paper aims to fill this gap and proposes a novel and systematic model to portray not

  20. Social connectedness, life satisfaction and school engagement : moderating role of ethnic minority status on resilience processes of Roma youth

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Abubakar, Amina; Dimitrova, Radosveta

    2016-01-01

    Abstract: We examined the influence of connectedness on school engagement and life satisfaction among Roma (n = 121) and Bulgarian (n = 143) mainstream adolescents (mean age 15.89, SD = 1.18). A set of measures on family, peer, school and neighbourhood connectedness were administered alongside life

  1. Crisis-Contingent Dynamics of Connectedness: An SVAR-Spatial-Network “Tripod” Model with Thresholds

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sun, Hang

    2016-01-01

    In recent years a growing number of methodologies have been proposed to empirically measure the connectedness among financial entities. However, few of them capture the dynamics of the financial connectedness. This paper aims to fill this gap and proposes a novel and systematic model to portray not

  2. International Students in Transnational Mobility: Intercultural Connectedness with Domestic and International Peers, Institutions and the Wider Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tran, Ly Thi; Pham, Lien

    2016-01-01

    International students' connectedness with their peers, institutions and the broader community significantly affects their learning and wellbeing. It is important to understand their multiple desires for intercultural connectedness in order to nurture it. This paper analyses the motives and nature of international students' intercultural…

  3. Smart technologies to enhance social connectedness in older people who live at home.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Meg E; Adair, Brooke; Ozanne, Elizabeth; Kurowski, William; Miller, Kimberly J; Pearce, Alan J; Santamaria, Nick; Long, Maureen; Ventura, Cameron; Said, Catherine M

    2014-09-01

    To examine the effectiveness of smart technologies in improving or maintaining the social connectedness of older people living at home. We conducted a systematic review and critical evaluation of research articles published between 2000 and 2013. Article screening, data extraction and quality assessment (using the Downs and Black checklist) were conducted by two independent researchers. Eighteen publications were identified that evaluated the effect of smart technologies on dimensions of social connectedness. Fourteen studies reported positive outcomes in aspects such as social support, isolation and loneliness. There was emerging evidence that some technologies augmented the beneficial effects of more traditional aged-care services. Smart technologies, such as tailored internet programs, may help older people better manage and understand various health conditions, resulting in subsequent improvements in aspects of social connectedness. Further research is required regarding how technological innovations could be promoted, marketed and implemented to benefit older people. © 2014 ACOTA.

  4. Theoretical study on optical storage of the transmitted-aperture type super-RENS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Quanhong; Xu, Duanyi; Ma, Jianshe; Liu, Rong; Qi, Guosheng

    2005-09-01

    In this paper, theoretical work on the transmitted-aperture (TA) type super-RENS was introduced. Firstly, the forming of transmitted-aperture in the mask layer was studied based on laser-induced thermal model with Gauss assumption. A numerical simulation was carried out by FEMLAB. The simulation results showed that transmitted aperture would not be formed until the exposure power exceeded a threshold within a certain pulse time and vice versa. Secondly, a calculation model of electromagnetic field of TA type super-RENS disk was presented based on the three-dimensional finite-difference time-domain method (3D-FDTD) together with a vector method of Gaussian beam. Lorenz dispersive model was employed for mask layer and reflective layer. The distributions of electric field for TA type super-RENS were theoretically analyzed. Lastly, the static writing experiment for TA type Super-RENS was carried out with different power and pulse time, as well as for conventional CD-R/W. The experiment results well satisfied the simulation.

  5. De ontvangst van het werk van René Lalique (1860-1945) in Nederland

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Booij, Lennart

    2013-01-01

    This PHD is the result of a research on the life, artistic development and impact of the French artist, jeweller and glass industrialist René Lalique (1860-1945. Focused on the Netherlands, regarding his clients, retailers and influence, a reconstruction was made of his work in relation to the devel

  6. The conversion in the René Girard’s mimetic theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agustín Moreno Fernández

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available One of the specific peculiarities of René Girard’s mimetic theory is the recovery of the concept of conversion. In this article we expose, in a detailed way, the three senses of the conversion according to his thinking: novelistic, religious and epistemological. There is an interaction between the three senses and also different significations for each other.

  7. Schwerpunktseminar : "Dazugehören? Umgang mit Minderheiten" / Liliāna Vancāne

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vancāne, Liliāna

    2016-01-01

    17. -20. märtsini 2016 Tartus toimunud seminarist "Dazugehören? Umgang mit Minderheiten. Estland und Lettland gestern-heutu-morgen". Seminarist sotsiaalse kuuluvuse ja vähemuste teemal. Suurepäraselt korraldatud ürituse parim osa oli töötuba

  8. Põhust ja ökoloogilisest ehitamisest / René Valner ; intervjueerinud Margit Mutso

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Valner, René, 1972-

    2011-01-01

    Euroopas rändab Euroopa Arhitektide Nõukogu juubelinäitus, kus esitletakse Euroopa ökoloogilist arhitektuuri. Intervjuu arhitekt René Valneriga, kelle põhust looming esindab Eestit sellel näitusel. Enda projekteeritud ökomajadest, põhust ehitiste arhitektuurist, energiasäästliku maja projekteerimisest, energiatõhususe nõudest, sundventilatsioonist jm.

  9. Schwerpunktseminar : "Dazugehören? Umgang mit Minderheiten" / Liliāna Vancāne

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vancāne, Liliāna

    2016-01-01

    17. -20. märtsini 2016 Tartus toimunud seminarist "Dazugehören? Umgang mit Minderheiten. Estland und Lettland gestern-heutu-morgen". Seminarist sotsiaalse kuuluvuse ja vähemuste teemal. Suurepäraselt korraldatud ürituse parim osa oli töötuba

  10. Põhust ja ökoloogilisest ehitamisest / René Valner ; intervjueerinud Margit Mutso

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Valner, René, 1972-

    2011-01-01

    Euroopas rändab Euroopa Arhitektide Nõukogu juubelinäitus, kus esitletakse Euroopa ökoloogilist arhitektuuri. Intervjuu arhitekt René Valneriga, kelle põhust looming esindab Eestit sellel näitusel. Enda projekteeritud ökomajadest, põhust ehitiste arhitektuurist, energiasäästliku maja projekteerimisest, energiatõhususe nõudest, sundventilatsioonist jm.

  11. Die Geburt des Kosmos aus dem Nichts die Theorie des inflationären Universums

    CERN Document Server

    Guth, Alan

    2002-01-01

    Selten wird die Wissenschaft über Nacht so stark revolutioniert wie die Kosmologie durch Alan Guths Entdeckung der inflationären Theorie des Universums. Noch seltener gelingt es dem Urheber einer solchen Revolution, eine derart verständliche und einprägsame Darstellung von einer der aufregendsten Epochen in der modernen Kosmologie zu geben. Sogar Kenner werden Neues lernen.

  12. Biographisch - systematisch - archivalisch: Drei Editionen von Søren Kierkegaards Nachlass

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kondrup, Johnny

    2016-01-01

    matter-of- factness. Finally, in the recent edition, Søren Kierkegaard’s Writings (1997-2013), one can discern a post-modern respect for the documents themselves, related to the so-called New or Material Philology, and an interest in the process of writing. The present article explores the consequences...

  13. For Whom Money Matters Less: Social Connectedness as a Resilience Resource in the UK.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richards, Lindsay

    The current literature shows that both absolute and relative income are important for happiness, but there is little work emphasising how the strength of the relationship is dependent on personal and social factors. I hypothesise that social connectedness influences the money-happiness relationship because the effect of money is in part felt through the acquisition of social status, whereas status (and associated psychological benefits such as self-worth) can alternatively be gained through social connectedness. In particular, it is theorised that 'weak ties' when co-existing with good quality informal ties have a separable and additional benefit to subjective well-being, and that it is the socially isolated who have the most to gain from doing well financially. Social connectedness is conceptualised as a 'resilience resource' which has a buffering effect on subjective well-being. Data from the British Household Panel Survey are used, first to establish a measurement schema of connectedness using latent class analysis, and secondly in a multilevel model of life satisfaction with observations from seven consecutive years nested within individuals. The results show that connectedness makes a larger difference to satisfaction in times of financial stress, and that the satisfaction of the socially isolated can 'catch up' to some degree with those with larger networks when things are going well financially. The findings also confirm that those for whom money makes the smallest contribution to happiness are those with both strong and weak ties. Weak ties have an additional benefit compared to having strong ties alone. In summary, connectedness has the power to narrow the well-being gap that exists between times of financial struggle and times of relative comfort. It suggests that the psychological benefits of social integration have the capacity to displace money as a source of status and self-worth, and similarly that the importance of money may be exaggerated where

  14. Suicidal ideation and suicide attempts among youth who report bully victimization, bully perpetration and/or low social connectedness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arango, Alejandra; Opperman, Kiel J; Gipson, Polly Y; King, Cheryl A

    2016-08-01

    The current study examined characteristics of bullying involvement and social connectedness in relation to suicide ideation and attempts in a sample of youth who report bully victimization, bully perpetration, and/or low social connectedness. The sample was comprised of 321 youth (67% female), ages 12-15 years (M = 13.6), recruited from an emergency department in the Midwest region of the United States. Results indicated that lower levels of social connectedness and higher levels of bully victimization and perpetration were significantly associated with suicide ideation and attempts. Level of social connectedness did not moderate the relationship between bullying involvement and suicide risk. The associations between the severity of subtypes of bully victimization and perpetration (verbal, relational, physical), electronic bullying involvement, and suicide risk were examined. Results highlight a continuum in severity of bullying involvement and social connectedness associated with suicide risk. Implications of these results are discussed.

  15. Bodies in nature: Associations between exposure to nature, connectedness to nature, and body image in U.S. adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swami, Viren; Barron, David; Weis, Laura; Furnham, Adrian

    2016-09-01

    Here, we sought to replicate previous work showing a relationship between connectedness to nature and body appreciation, and extend it by examining associations between exposure to natural environments and other body image-related variables. An online sample of 399 U.S. women and men (Mage=34.55 years) completed measures of body appreciation, connectedness to nature, nature exposure, appearance investment, sociocultural attitudes towards appearance, and self-esteem. Path analysis showed that nature exposure and connectedness to nature, respectively, were associated with body appreciation in women and men, both directly and indirectly via self-esteem. Connectedness to nature also mediated the link between nature exposure and body appreciation. In men, but not women, the link between connectedness to nature and body appreciation was also mediated by appearance investment and internalisation of a muscular ideal. These results may point to novel methods for promoting more positive body image in adults through engagement with nature.

  16. School connectedness in the health behavior in school-aged children study: the role of student, school, and school neighborhood characteristics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Douglas R; Iachan, Ronaldo; Overpeck, Mary; Ross, James G; Gross, Lori A

    2006-09-01

    School connectedness includes liking school and positive relations with teachers and peers. School connectedness is associated with a variety of positive health outcomes. The goal of this study was to identify characteristics of students, schools, and school neighborhoods that are related to school connectedness. In the Health Behavior in School-Aged Children (HBSC) Study, school connectedness was reported by 13,207 students (grades 6-10) in 340 schools. HBSC measured a variety of student characteristics. Characteristics of schools were culled from data maintained by Quality Education Data, and school neighborhood characteristics were derived from the 2000 decennial census. Associations between connectedness and student, school, and school neighborhood characteristics were estimated using hierarchical linear models. Characteristics of students, schools, and school neighborhoods were associated with school connectedness. Connectedness was greater among younger students, females, students with better academic performance and greater extracurricular involvement, students with greater self-rated physical attractiveness, students with more friends, students from 2-parent families, and students whose parents were more involved with school. Connectedness was greater in smaller schools, more racially homogeneous schools, and schools with more students from relatively wealthy households. School connectedness was higher in neighborhoods with a greater percentage of non-US citizens. As the percent of renters in the neighborhood increased beyond 20%, school connectedness tended to decrease. The findings point to possible strategies for fostering school connectedness.

  17. Ageing, Leisure, and Social Connectedness: How could Leisure Help Reduce Social Isolation of Older People?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toepoel, Vera

    2013-08-01

    This study investigates the relation between leisure activities and the social status of the elderly based on a heterogeneous sample of the Dutch population. Close relationships are also analyzed to identify which people could serve as successful stimulators of leisure participation. The social profile confirms that older people have fewer social contacts and often feel lonely. This study shows that leisure activities explain a significant part of older people's social connectedness. Voluntary work, cultural activities, holiday, sports, reading books, hobbies and shopping are found to be successful predictors for social connectedness of older people. Watching TV, listening to the radio, and spending time behind the computer (passive activities) were not associated with social connectedness. Friends correlate positively to participation in leisure activities. Partners play a role in participation in cultural activities and sports; parents play a role in participation in voluntary work and holidays; siblings play a role in voluntary work and sports; and children play a role in cultural activities, reading books, and shopping. Local communities can use these close relationships and develop special programs to increase social connectedness and hence improve quality of life for older adults.

  18. Increasing Self-Esteem and School Connectedness through a Multidimensional Mentoring Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, Keith A.; Vidourek, Rebecca; Davis, Beth; McClellan, Warren

    2002-01-01

    Examines findings from a multidisciplinary mentoring program for fourth graders. Students were admitted to the program based on responses to a survey on self-esteem; school, peer, and family connectedness; and risk taking behavior. The program emphasized relationship building, self-esteem enhancement, goal setting, and academic assistance.…

  19. School Connectedness and Student-Teacher Relationships: A Comparison of Sexual Minority Youths and Their Peers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joyce, Hilary D.

    2015-01-01

    Strong connections to school and positive student-teacher relationships offer numerous social, emotional, and academic benefits for youths. Unfortunately, sexual minority youths (SMY) are at risk for disparate school connectedness and student-teacher relationship experiences compared with their peers. Using the National Longitudinal Study of…

  20. School Connectedness for Students in Low-Income Urban High Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nasir, Na'ilah Suad; Jones, Amina; McLaughlin, Milbrey Wallin

    2011-01-01

    Background/Context: In this article, we explore school connectedness for students in a high-poverty urban school. Current approaches to measuring connection conflate behavior and attitudinal measures of connection and rarely explore school connection in urban school settings. Purpose/Objective/Research Question/Focus of Study: We examine…

  1. Social Connectedness, Self-Esteem, and Depression Symptomatology among Collegiate Athletes versus Nonathletes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Armstrong, Shelley; Oomen-Early, Jody

    2009-01-01

    Objective: The authors compared collegiate athletes and nonathletes to see whether there were significant differences in the perceived levels of social connectedness, self-esteem, and depression and if an interaction among the variables of athlete status, gender, GPA, BMI, and levels of weekly exercise and sleep were associated with depression…

  2. Influence Of Specialisation On Connectedness And Genetic Parameters In Dutch Warmblood Riding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rovere, Gabriel Alejandro; Madsen, Per; Norberg, Elise;

    During the last decades, a process of specialisation into show jumping (JH) and dressage (DH) has been taking place in the Dutch Warmblood studbook (KWPN). The objectives of this paper were to describe the evolution of the connectedness between JH and DH over the last 15 years and to analyse...

  3. Students' Perceptions of Their Connectedness in the Community College Basic Public Speaking Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glaser, Hollis F.; Bingham, Shereen

    2009-01-01

    This study explores what classroom behaviors and activities in the basic speech course contribute to student connectedness. The results indicate that student encouragement, humor, honesty, interactive exercises and individual speeches, can help student bonding and motivation, and impacts their overall college experience.

  4. Social network analysis and network connectedness analysis for industrial symbiotic systems: model development and case study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yan ZHANG; Hongmei ZHENG; Bin CHEN; Naijin YANG

    2013-01-01

    An important and practical pattern of industrial symbiosis is rapidly developing:eco-industrial parks.In this study,we used social network analysis to study the network connectedness (i.e.,the proportion of the theoretical number of connections that had been achieved) and related attributes of these hybrid ecological and industrial symbiotic systems.This approach provided insights into details of the network's interior and analyzed the overall degree of connectedness and the relationships among the nodes within the network.We then characterized the structural attributes of the network and subnetwork nodes at two levels (core and periphery),thereby providing insights into the operational problems within each eco-industrial park.We chose ten typical ecoindustrial parks in China and around the world and compared the degree of network connectedness of these systems that resulted from exchanges of products,byproducts,and wastes.By analyzing the density and nodal degree,we determined the relative power and status of the nodes in these networks,as well as other structural attributes such as the core-periphery structure and the degree of sub-network connectedness.The results reveal the operational problems created by the structure of the industrial networks and provide a basis for improving the degree of completeness,thereby increasing their potential for sustainable development and enriching the methods available for the study of industrial symbiosis.

  5. Evaluating Social Connectedness Online: The Design and Development of the Social Perceptions in Learning Contexts Instrument

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slagter van Tryon, Patricia J.; Bishop, M. J.

    2012-01-01

    Learners' feelings of social connectedness may be a key factor in predicting online course success. However, students attempting to perceive and process the social context in online courses often find themselves engaging in unfamiliar, technology-mediated communication channels. While there have been several empirically based strategies published…

  6. Does Social Connectedness Promote a Greater Sense of Well-Being in Adolescence over Time?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jose, Paul E.; Ryan, Nicholas; Pryor, Jan

    2012-01-01

    This longitudinal study was designed to investigate whether or not social connectedness predicts psychological well-being over time. Structural equation modeling was used to examine the temporal relations between these constructs assessed yearly for 3 years for a sample of 1,774 10- to 15-year-olds (at Time 1). Results indicated that global…

  7. Boredom Proneness, Social Connectedness, and Sexual Addiction among Men Who Have Sex with Male Internet Users

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaney, Michael P.; Blalock, Andrew C.

    2006-01-01

    The authors collected surveys from 517 men who have sex with men (MSM) recruited from Internet chat rooms to examine the relationships among boredom, social connectedness, and sexual addiction. The results provide addictions professionals psychosocial factors to assess when working with sexually addicted MSM. (Contains 3 tables.)

  8. Academic Dishonesty in Online Courses: The Influence of Students' Characteristics, Perception of Connectedness, and Deterrents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chase, Artyce-Joy E.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore undergraduate students' behaviors related to academic dishonesty. Additionally, this study examined students' perceptions of their own connectedness within the online classroom, and perceptions of the effectiveness of deterrents to cheating. Participants in the study were enrolled in online courses within…

  9. Feeling Angry and Acting Angry: Different Effects of Autonomy-Connectedness in Boys and Girls

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karreman, Annemiek; Bekker, Marrie H. J.

    2012-01-01

    This study examined effects of the autonomy-connectedness components sensitivity to others, self-awareness and capacity for managing new situations on anger experience versus anger expression in adolescent boys and girls. One hundred thirty-one high school students were randomly assigned to an anger-inducing or neutral condition using the Dictator…

  10. School Connectedness and Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviors: A Systematic Meta-Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marraccini, Marisa E.; Brier, Zoe M. F.

    2017-01-01

    Among the protective factors associated with reduced risk for suicide, scientific inquiries into school connectedness are especially important considering that schools are ideally situated to provide interventions reaching the vast majority of youth. Although there is a wealth of research that supports the association between school connectedness…

  11. A Correlational Study: The Relationship between School Climate, Connectedness, and Reading Achievement of Elementary School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanford, Jennifer

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this quantitative, correlational research study was to develop an understanding of the relationship between the quality of school climate and connectedness as perceived by 3rd- to 5th-grade students and their teachers, and the level and of reading achievement of 3rd- to 5th-grade students in one district in the Northwestern United…

  12. Evaluating Social Connectedness Online: The Design and Development of the Social Perceptions in Learning Contexts Instrument

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slagter van Tryon, Patricia J.; Bishop, M. J.

    2012-01-01

    Learners' feelings of social connectedness may be a key factor in predicting online course success. However, students attempting to perceive and process the social context in online courses often find themselves engaging in unfamiliar, technology-mediated communication channels. While there have been several empirically based strategies published…

  13. School Connectedness, Peer Attachment, and Self-Esteem as Predictors of Adolescent Depression

    Science.gov (United States)

    Millings, Abigail; Buck, Rhiannon; Montgomery, Alan; Spears, Melissa; Stallard, Paul

    2012-01-01

    Recent literature suggests that school connectedness (SC) may be a key determinant of adolescent mental health. Specifically, SC has been found to have a negative relationship with adolescent depression. In the current, cross sectional study, we examine whether the relationship between SC and symptoms of low mood is dampened or moderated by…

  14. Inclusion of Community in Self Scale: A Single-Item Pictorial Measure of Community Connectedness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mashek, Debra; Cannaday, Lisa W.; Tangney, June P.

    2007-01-01

    We developed a single-item pictorial measure of community connectedness, building on the theoretical and methodological traditions of the self-expansion model (Aron & Aron, 1986). The Inclusion of Community in the Self (ICS) Scale demonstrated excellent test-retest reliability, convergent validity, and discriminant validity in a sample of 190…

  15. Burnout and Connectedness among Australian Volunteers: A Test of the Job Demands-Resources Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewig, Kerry A.; Xanthopoulou, Despoina; Bakker, Arnold B.; Dollard, Maureen F.; Metzer, Jacques C.

    2007-01-01

    This study used the Job Demands-Resources (JD-R) model, developed in the context of occupational well-being in the paid workforce, to examine the antecedents of burnout and connectedness in the formal volunteer rural ambulance officer vocation (N=487). Structural equation modeling using self-reports provide strong evidence for the central…

  16. Moderators of Negative Peer Influence on Early Adolescent Externalizing Behaviors: Individual Behavior, Parenting, and School Connectedness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mrug, Sylvie; Windle, Michael

    2009-01-01

    This study examined the extent to which antisocial behavior, parenting, and school connectedness moderated the association between peer deviancy in preadolescence and externalizing problems in early adolescence. The participants included 500 boys and girls, most of them African Americans. Peer deviancy was measured with teacher reports of…

  17. Embracing Connectedness and Change: A Complex Dynamic Systems Perspective for Applied Linguistic Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cameron, Lynne

    2015-01-01

    Complex dynamic systems (CDS) theory offers a powerful metaphorical model of applied linguistic processes, allowing holistic descriptions of situated phenomena, and addressing the connectedness and change that often characterise issues in our field. A recent study of Kenyan conflict transformation illustrates application of a CDS perspective. Key…

  18. An Ethic of Connectedness: Enacting Moral School Leadership through People and Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frick, J. Edward; Frick, William C.

    2010-01-01

    As educators, we grapple with a myriad of dilemmas and often have difficulty resolving issues that relate to curriculum and instruction, funding, facilities and supervision, to name a few. Depending on the leader(s), a variety of ethics come in to play when making decisions. The ethic of connectedness refers to community building and welfare as…

  19. Life Changes, Connection Stays: Photo Sharing and Social Connectedness for People with Special Needs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Dijk, B.; Dadlani, P.; Van Halteren, A.T.; Biemans, M.

    2011-01-01

    We study the effects of digital photo sharing on social connectedness of people with special needs. We target people dealing with a transition in life that forced them to live away from their family and friends. Our study included four people with spinal-cord injury staying in a rehabilitation centr

  20. Boredom Proneness, Social Connectedness, and Sexual Addiction among Men Who Have Sex with Male Internet Users

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaney, Michael P.; Blalock, Andrew C.

    2006-01-01

    The authors collected surveys from 517 men who have sex with men (MSM) recruited from Internet chat rooms to examine the relationships among boredom, social connectedness, and sexual addiction. The results provide addictions professionals psychosocial factors to assess when working with sexually addicted MSM. (Contains 3 tables.)

  1. Establishing Reliability and Construct Validity for an Instrument to Measure Environmental Connectedness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beery, Thomas H.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this preliminary study is to establish a reliable and valid measure of environmental connectedness (EC) to allow for further exploration of the Swedish Outdoor Recreation in Change national survey data. The Nordic concept of friluftsliv (nature-based outdoor recreation) and the environmental psychology concept of EC are explored to…

  2. Global Connectedness in Higher Education: Student Voices on the Value of Cross-Cultural Learning Dialogue

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lehtomäki, Elina; Moate, Josephine; Posti-Ahokas, Hanna

    2016-01-01

    The study explores how sense of global connectedness can be enhanced by creating opportunities for cross-cultural dialogue in higher education. Thematic analysis of randomly selected 15 learning journals, students' reflections on their learning during an international seminar was used to identify students' significant learning experiences. The…

  3. School Connectedness, Peer Attachment, and Self-Esteem as Predictors of Adolescent Depression

    Science.gov (United States)

    Millings, Abigail; Buck, Rhiannon; Montgomery, Alan; Spears, Melissa; Stallard, Paul

    2012-01-01

    Recent literature suggests that school connectedness (SC) may be a key determinant of adolescent mental health. Specifically, SC has been found to have a negative relationship with adolescent depression. In the current, cross sectional study, we examine whether the relationship between SC and symptoms of low mood is dampened or moderated by…

  4. Child Maltreatment and Social Connectedness Among Formerly Institutionalized Females: Links With Depression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Delft, Ivanka; Finkenauer, Catrin; Verbruggen, Janna

    2016-05-01

    This study aimed to examine the effects of child maltreatment subtypes (physical abuse, sexual abuse, neglect, and exposure to domestic violence) and cumulative child maltreatment on depressive symptoms in adulthood, and examine the protective effects of social connectedness in a sample of formerly institutionalized females. The sample consisted of 124 females who were institutionalized in a Dutch juvenile justice institution during adolescence and were followed-up when they were on average 32 years old. Information about child maltreatment was extracted from treatment files. Retrospective data on social connectedness in young adulthood were established during interviews using a Life History Calendar. Relationship quality at follow-up was assessed with items derived from the Rochester Youth Development Study. The Center for Epidemiological Studies Scale for Depression (CES-D) was used to measure depressive symptoms in adulthood. Results showed that 85.5% of the females experienced child maltreatment, and co-occurrence of subtypes was high. Cumulative child maltreatment increased the risk of depression in adulthood. Furthermore, social connectedness, that is, more employment over time and the quality of the romantic relationship at follow-up, protected against the development of depression. However, social connectedness did not buffer the effect of maltreatment on depression. Our findings indicate that treatment of these girls should focus on improving the social-emotional development to promote positive interpersonal relationships and include educational and vocational components to guide these girls toward increased opportunities on the labor market.

  5. Connectednesses of bi-pre-topological spaces%双预拓扑空间的连通类

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李生刚; 申文霞

    2012-01-01

    Connectednesses of bi-pre-topological spaces are studied by using topological and categorial methods. A characterization of connectednesses of bi-pre-topological spaces is given. It is proved that the category of bi-pre-topological spaces and continuous mappings between them is a topological construct, the smallest connectedness and the biggest connectedness of bi-pre-topological spaces exist, every connectedness of bi-pre-topological spaces is a continuously closed class, and the intersection of a family of connectednesses of bt-pre-topological spaces is still a connectednesses. Moreover, close connections between connectednesses of pre-topological spaces and connectednesses of bi-pre-topological spaces are established.%运用拓扑和范畴论方法研究了双预拓扑空间的连通类,给出了双预拓扑空间连通类的等价刻画.证明了双预拓扑空间范畴是topological construct、最小双预拓扑空间连通类和最大双预拓扑空间连通类是存在的、双预拓扑空间连通类是连续闭的、一族双预拓扑空间连通类的交是双预拓扑空间连通类.并且建立了预拓扑空间连通类与双预拓扑空间连通类的密切联系.

  6. Hope, connectedness, and action: responses of adolescents and young adults to the threat of nuclear war

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fernald, M.C.

    1985-01-01

    This study undertook to assess the degree to which a person's sense of interconnectedness with others may have a mediating effect on whether one reacts to the consciousness of nuclear threat with feelings of despair (helplessness and hopelessness) or with a sense of empowerment (hope, efficacy, and action for change). Subjects included 119 public high school students and 14 Friends' school students, ranging from 12-18 years of age; 58 university students ranging from 18-25 years of age; and 24 parents of public school students, 10 adult Friends, and 38 members of Physicians for Social Responsibility, ranging from 20-83 years of age. A self-rating questionnaire was administered to assess subjects' conscious level of concern about nuclear issues, feelings of connectedness with others in general and about nuclear concerns, feelings of hope and efficacy in general and with regard to nuclear issues, and participation in activities reflecting concerns about nuclear threat. Correlational analyses (multiple regression, Spearman Rho, Kendall's Tau) showed that general feelings of hope, level of activity, and feelings of connectedness about nuclear concerns were the best predictors of hope about nuclear concerns. Conscious level of concern and feelings of connectedness about nuclear concerns, along with age and SES were the best predictors of an active response to nuclear threat; additionally, parents' level of concern about nuclear issues was predictive of their children's degree of activity in response to nuclear threat. Adolescents' level of concern and degree of connectedness with others was predicted by their parents' degree of connectedness.

  7. Connectedness and Perceived Burdensomeness among Adolescents at Elevated Suicide Risk: An Examination of the Interpersonal Theory of Suicidal Behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Opperman, Kiel; Czyz, Ewa K; Gipson, Polly Y; King, Cheryl A

    2015-01-01

    The interpersonal theory of suicidal behavior emphasizes the constructs of perceived burdensomeness, thwarted belongingness, and acquired capacity, which warrant investigation in adolescents at risk for suicide due to interpersonal stressors. This study examined one component of the interpersonal theory of suicidal behavior, "suicidal desire" (suicidal ideation), in 129 adolescents (12-15 years) recruited from a general medical emergency department who screened positive for bully victimization, bully perpetration, or low interpersonal connectedness. Greater perceived burdensomeness combined with low family connectedness was a significant predictor of suicidal ideation. This suggests the importance of addressing connectedness and perceptions of burdensomeness in prevention and early intervention efforts with at-risk adolescents.

  8. MCNP-REN a Monte Carlo tool for neutron detector design

    CERN Document Server

    Abhold, M E

    2002-01-01

    The development of neutron detectors makes extensive use of the predictions of detector response through the use of Monte Carlo techniques in conjunction with the point reactor model. Unfortunately, the point reactor model fails to accurately predict detector response in common applications. For this reason, the general Monte Carlo code developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory, Monte Carlo N-Particle (MCNP), was modified to simulate the pulse streams that would be generated by a neutron detector and normally analyzed by a shift register. This modified code, MCNP-Random Exponentially Distributed Neutron Source (MCNP-REN), along with the Time Analysis Program, predicts neutron detector response without using the point reactor model, making it unnecessary for the user to decide whether or not the assumptions of the point model are met for their application. MCNP-REN is capable of simulating standard neutron coincidence counting as well as neutron multiplicity counting. Measurements of mixed oxide fresh fuel w...

  9. A renúncia de Fidel Castro: continuidade na sucessão presidencial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabele Villwock Bachtold

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Cuba atualmente vive uma nova fase, pautada na possível reforma do sistema socialista em vigor no país desde a Revolução Cubana de 1959. Este artigo busca analisar as implicações que a recente renúncia de Fidel Castro à presidência cubana acarretará para a ilha e para o cenário internacional como um todo.

  10. A renúncia de Fidel Castro: continuidade na sucessão presidencial

    OpenAIRE

    Isabele Villwock Bachtold

    2010-01-01

    Cuba atualmente vive uma nova fase, pautada na possível reforma do sistema socialista em vigor no país desde a Revolução Cubana de 1959. Este artigo busca analisar as implicações que a recente renúncia de Fidel Castro à presidência cubana acarretará para a ilha e para o cenário internacional como um todo.

  11. Dichtung und Wahrheit : Rolf Schneiders Feuilletons über "Liebesaffären deutscher Literaten"

    OpenAIRE

    Soldat, Hans-Georg

    2010-01-01

    Hans-Georg Soldat rezensiert für NDR 3 / Radio 3 die im Jahr 2001 im Aufbau Taschenbuchverlag Berlin erschiene Aufsatzsammlung feuilletonistischer Arbeit "Ich bin ein Narr und weiß es" von Rolf Schneider. "Liebesaffären deutscher Literaten" ist der Untertitel des schmalen Bandes, hervorgegangen aus einer Serie für eine Berliner Tageszeitung - wobei der Begriff "Literaten" sehr weit gefasst wird. Zwanzig Geschichten um Liebe, erotische Verirrung, Abhängigkeit und oft schmerzhafte Trennung, ein...

  12. Untersuchungen zum Waschbären (Procyon lotor Linné, 1758) im Raum Bernburg

    OpenAIRE

    Helbig, Dirk

    2013-01-01

    Im vorliegenden Beitrag werden Untersuchungsergebnisse zum Bestand, Nahrungsspektrum und Spulwurmbefall sowie zu aktuell bevorzugten Habitaten des Waschbären in einer intensiv landwirtschaftlich genutzten Region vorgestellt. Betrachtungen über den Einfluss dieser Raubsäugerart auf die Vogelwelt, mit Fokus auf Graureiher und ausgewählte Greifvogelarten, ergänzen die Ausführungen. Die vorgestellten Untersuchungen beziehen sich auf das Gebiet des Landkreises Bernburg in den Landkreisgrenzen vom ...

  13. Estimation of genetic connectedness diagnostics based on prediction errors without the prediction error variance-covariance matrix

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    John B Holmes; Ken G Dodds; Michael A Lee

    2017-01-01

    .... While various measures of connectedness have been proposed in the literature, there is general agreement that the most appropriate measure is some function of the prediction error variance-covariance matrix...

  14. Balancing connectedness and self-protection goals in close relationships: a levels-of-processing perspective on risk regulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murray, Sandra L; Derrick, Jaye L; Leder, Sadie; Holmes, John G

    2008-03-01

    A model of risk regulation is proposed to explain how low and high self-esteem people balance the tension between self-protection and connectedness goals in romantic relationships. This model assumes that interpersonal risk automatically activates connectedness and self-protection goals. The activation of these competing goals then triggers an executive control system that resolves this goal conflict. One correlational study and 8 experiments manipulating risk, goal strength, and executive strength and then measuring implicit and explicit goal activation and execution strongly supported the model. For people high in self-esteem, risk triggers a control system that directs them toward the situations of dependence within their relationship that can fulfill connectedness goals. For people low in self-esteem, however, the activation of connectedness goals triggers a control system that prioritizes self-protection goals and directs them away from situations where they need to trust or depend on their partner.

  15. The positive role of Internet use for young people with additional support needs:Identity and connectedness

    OpenAIRE

    Bannon, Stephanie; McGlynn, Tracy; McKenzie, Karen; Quayle, Ethel

    2015-01-01

    This article documents findings, from one of the first studies in this field of research, considering young people with Additional Support Needs' use of the internet and how this might contribute to the development of identity and social connectedness. Six focus groups, including 36 young people with Additional Support Needs (aged 13-18) were completed. Transcribed group discussions were analysed using Framework Analysis. Two themes were developed: 'Identity and Connectedness' and 'Issues rel...

  16. School connectedness and problematic internet use in adolescents: a moderated mediation model of deviant peer affiliation and self-control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Dongping; Li, Xian; Wang, Yanhui; Zhao, Liyan; Bao, Zhenzhou; Wen, Fangfang

    2013-11-01

    Although a growing body of research documents the negative association between school connectedness and adolescent problematic Internet use (PIU), little is known about the mediating mechanism (i.e., how school connectedness relates to PIU?) and moderating mechanism (i.e., when the protection is most potent?) underlying this relation. The present study examined whether deviant peer affiliation mediated the relationship between school connectedness and PIU, and whether this mediating process was moderated by adolescent self-control. A total of 2,758 Chinese adolescents (46 % male; mean age = 13.53 years, SD = 1.06) from 10 middle schools completed anonymous questionnaires regarding school connectedness, deviant peer affiliation, self-control, and PIU. After controlling for gender, age, socioeconomic status, and parental attachment, it was found that the negative association between school connectedness and adolescent PIU was partially mediated by deviant peer affiliation. Moreover, this indirect link was stronger for adolescents with low self-control than for those with high self-control. These findings underscore the importance of integrating the social control theory and organism-environment interaction model to understand how and when school connectedness impacts adolescent PIU.

  17. A proposal to enhance Engineering education in biology and Medicine by following the legacy of René Favaloro.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Armentano, Ricardo L; Cardelino, Juan; Wray, Sandra; Cymberknop, Leandro J; Kun, Luis

    2015-01-01

    The synergy amongst Engineering, Medicine and Biology evolves as fast as these disciplines. We propose to articulate these specialties based on the premise that new professionals must face different situations or crisis due to the so-called islands of excellence. René Favaloro focused his work and struggles against poverty, since malnutrition and environmental degradation may increase the propensity to cardiovascular diseases. Doctor Favaloro has dedicated, throughout his career, a considerable amount of time to prepare and qualify a research group, aware of the importance that an adequate working environment has over the final results. He created a team of young students, engineers, medical doctors, physicists, mathematicians and other specialists. He centered his attention on human resources, in order to disseminate his latest advances in Biology, Medicine and Engineering. We are revising the programs of biomedical engineering education and the application of new pedagogic paradigms, where critical thinking is the key: a holistic challenge that consists of a new way of learning, innovating, communicating and shearing, with a creative attitude that represents quality of perception.

  18. Parent-child relationships in Italian families: connectedness and autonomy in the transition to adulthood

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugenia Scabini

    Full Text Available This contribution focuses on the changes in parent-child relationships during the transition to adulthood, that implies a modification of the balance of connectedness and autonomy. The principal aim was twofold: 1 to verify how relational support and style of decision making - respectively markers of family connectedness and autonomy - change from adolescence to young adulthood; 2 to compare the perceptions of parents and children through a measure of agreement. The sample was composed of 259 Italian families with a child between 17 and 25 years of age. Participants filled out a self report questionnaire including the Parent-Adolescent Support Scale and the Style of Decision Making Scale. Results highlighted that children perceived a significant increase in relational support and in autonomy from late adolescence to young adulthood. Furthermore, agreement between parents and children increased by aging. Therefore, near the transition to adulthood, parents and young adults are closer to each other than during late adolescence.

  19. School connectedness and daily smoking among boys and girls: the influence of parental smoking norms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Mette; Damsgaard, Mogens T; Holstein, Bjørn E;

    2005-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The objective was to test whether an association between school connectedness and smoking exists among Danish school children, and if so, to examine whether parental smoking attitude and parental smoking behaviour influenced this association. METHODS: Data were collected by the Danish...... contribution to the cross-national study Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children (HBSC) 1998. Analyses were performed on questionnaire-based data from 1537 students at grade nine from a random sample of schools in Denmark. RESULTS: An independent inverse association was found between school connectedness...... and smoking among both boys and girls. Parents' attitude to their children's smoking significantly modified this association among boys. Among girls the modifying effect was less marked. Neither among boys nor girls did parental smoking behaviour significantly modify the association between school...

  20. Influence of social connectedness, communication and monitoring on adolescent sexual activity in Ghana.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumi-Kyereme, Akwasi; Awusabo-Asare, Kofi; Biddlecom, Ann; Tanle, Augustine

    2007-12-01

    This paper examines connectedness to, communication with and monitoring of unmarried adolescents in Ghana by parents, other adults, friends and key social institutions and the roles these groups play with respect to adolescent sexual activity. The paper draws on 2004 nationally-representative survey data and qualitative evidence from focus group discussions and in-depth interviews with adolescents in 2003. Adolescents show high levels of connectedness to family, adults, friends, school and religious groups. High levels of adult monitoring are also observed, but communication with family about sex-related matters was not as high as with non-family members. The qualitative data highlight gender differences in communication. Multivariate analysis of survey data shows a strong negative relationship between parental monitoring and recent sexual activity for males and females, and limited effects of communication. Creating a supportive environment and showing interest in the welfare of adolescents appear to promote positive sexual and reproductive health outcomes.

  1. Child maltreatment and social connectedness among formerly institutionalized females: links with depression

    OpenAIRE

    van Delft, I.; Finkenauer, C.; Verbruggen, Janna

    2015-01-01

    This study aimed to examine the effects of child maltreatment subtypes (physical abuse, sexual abuse, neglect, and exposure to domestic violence) and cumulative child maltreatment on depressive symptoms in adulthood, and examine the protective effects of social connectedness in a sample of formerly institutionalized females. The sample consisted of 124 females who were institutionalized in a Dutch juvenile justice institution during adolescence and were followed-up when they were on average 3...

  2. A Note on the Connectedness of the Invertible Group of a Nest Algebra

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Min; Yue Hua

    2014-01-01

    The connectedness of the invertibles question for arbitrary nest has been reduced to the case of the lower triangular operators with respect to a fixed orthonor-mal basis en for n > 1. For each f ∈ H∞, let Tf be the Toeplitz operator. In this paper we prove that Tf can be connected to the identity through a path in the invertible group of the lower triangular operators if f satisfies certain conditions.

  3. Connectedness of approximate solutions set for vector equilibrium problems in Hausdorff topological vector spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liu Qing-you

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract In this paper, a scalarization result of ε-weak efficient solution for a vector equilibrium problem (VEP is given. Using this scalarization result, the connectedness of ε-weak efficient and ε-efficient solutions sets for the VEPs are proved under some suitable conditions in real Hausdorff topological vector spaces. The main results presented in this paper improve and generalize some known results in the literature.

  4. Future Time Perspective Connectedness to a Career: The Contextual Effects of Classroom Knowledge Building

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jenefer Husman

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Professor Willy Lens has provided inspiration through his scholarship and mentorship for research in Future Time Perspective (FTP theory. The traditional conceptualization of FTP consists of hierarchically organized psychological constructs that define individual differences in perceptions of the future across varying levels of specificity. The levels of specificity create a nested variable structure that is often described in a top-down fashion, from domain-general to context-specific. In the current study, relations among measures of connectedness, an FTP construct regarding concern for and planfulness about the future, are examined at three levels of specificity: domain-general, domain-specific, and context-specific. We examine interactions between domain-specific and domain-general levels of FTP. A sample of 3962 undergraduate engineering majors (mean age 20 from a large research university in the southwestern United States of America were surveyed. Hierarchical linear modeling was used to examine the hypothesis that aggregate classroom levels of student knowledge building moderate relations in the nested connectedness variable structure. At the student level of analysis measures of students’ domain-general, domain-specific, and context-specific connectedness were significantly and positively related. At the classroom level of analysis, results indicated that higher levels of aggregate classroom knowledge building shifted the direction of relations suggesting that in more engaging classroom contexts perceived value of learning for reaching a future goal may shape how students plan for future careers (domain-specific FTP. Implications for FTP theory are discussed.

  5. Population size vs. social connectedness - A gene-culture coevolutionary approach to cumulative cultural evolution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kobayashi, Yutaka; Ohtsuki, Hisashi; Wakano, Joe Y

    2016-10-01

    It has long been debated if population size is a crucial determinant of the level of culture. While empirical results are mixed, recent theoretical studies suggest that social connectedness between people may be a more important factor than the size of the entire population. These models, however, do not take into account evolutionary responses of learning strategies determining the mode of transmission and innovation and are hence not suitable for predicting the long-term implications of parameters of interest. In the present paper, to address this issue, we provide a gene-culture coevolution model, in which the microscopic learning process of each individual is explicitly described as a continuous-time stochastic process and time allocation to social and individual learning is allowed to evolve. We have found that social connectedness has a larger impact on the equilibrium level of culture than population size especially when connectedness is weak and population size is large. This result, combined with those of previous culture-only models, points to the importance of studying separate effects of population size and internal social structure to better understand spatiotemporal variation in the level of culture. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. The role of sex, attachment and autonomy-connectedness in personality functioning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bachrach, Nathan; Croon, Marcel A; Bekker, Marrie H J

    2015-11-01

    Previous studies have found significant relationships among sex, attachment and autonomy-connectedness and DSM-IV personality characteristics. In the present study, we aimed to add to the current knowledge about attachment-related aspects of personality pathology, by examining the relationships of these same variables with dimensions of pathological personality structure as conceptualized by Kernberg. The study was performed among 106 ambulatory patients from a Dutch mental healthcare institute. A path model based upon neo-analytical object relation theory and attachment theory was tested. We expected significant associations among sex, attachment, autonomy and aspects of personality functioning. Both insecure attachment styles as well as the autonomy-connectedness components of sensitivity to others (SO) and capacity of managing new situations predicted general personality dysfunctioning significantly. More specifically, reality testing was negatively predicted by the autonomy component of capacity of managing new situations, and aggression was significantly predicted by sex as well as both insecure attachment styles. We advise scientists as well as clinicians to be alert on sex differences in autonomy-connectedness and aspects of personality dysfunctioning. Taking sex-specific variations in attachment and autonomy into account next to a more explicit focus on insecure attachment styles and autonomy problems may enhance, the current relatively low, treatment effectiveness for personality pathology.

  7. The relationships of antisocial behavior with attachment styles, autonomy-connectedness, and alexithymia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bekker, Marrie H J; Bachrach, Nathan; Croon, Marcel A

    2007-06-01

    The present study was aimed at investigating the relationships among attachment styles, autonomy-connectedness (self-awareness, sensitivity to others, and capacity for managing new situations), alexithymia, and antisocial behavior among 202 college students (67 men and 135 women). We were particularly interested in sex differences in the levels of these variables as well as their associations. Sex differences were expected in types of insecure attachment styles, patterns of autonomy-connectedness, and levels of self-reported antisocial and passive-aggressive behavior. All expected sex differences were indeed found. Furthermore, the model that we hypothesized was partly confirmed: For men, anxious attachment had a stronger direct and positive effect on antisocial behavior than for women, and the positive effect of anxious attachment on passive-aggressive behavior was smaller for women than for men. Interestingly, capacity for managing new situations had a main and mediating effect on antisocial behavior. Sensitivity to others appeared as a mediator between anxious attachment style and passive-aggressive behavior. Contrary to expectations, fantasizing (a component of alexithymia) had a strong, negative association with antisocial behavior. The results are discussed against the background of other recent findings concerning alexithymia and autonomy- connectedeness.

  8. Affinity functions: recognizing essential parameters in fuzzy connectedness based image segmentation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ciesielski, Krzysztof C.; Udupa, Jayaram K.

    2009-02-01

    Fuzzy connectedness (FC) constitutes an important class of image segmentation schemas. Although affinity functions represent the core aspect (main variability parameter) of FC algorithms, they have not been studied systematically in the literature. In this paper, we present a thorough study to fill this gap. Our analysis is based on the notion of equivalent affinities: if any two equivalent affinities are used in the same FC schema to produce two versions of the algorithm, then these algorithms are equivalent in the sense that they lead to identical segmentations. We give a complete characterization of the affinity equivalence and show that many natural definitions of affinity functions and their parameters used in the literature are redundant in the sense that different definitions and values of such parameters lead to equivalent affinities. We also show that two main affinity types - homogeneity based and object feature based - are equivalent, respectively, to the difference quotient of the intensity function and Rosenfeld's degree of connectivity. In addition, we demonstrate that any segmentation obtained via relative fuzzy connectedness (RFC) algorithm can be viewed as segmentation obtained via absolute fuzzy connectedness (AFC) algorithm with an automatic and adaptive threshold detection. We finish with an analysis of possible ways of combining different component affinities that result in non equivalent affinities.

  9. Lyden Sker - et interview med Torben Ulrich og Søren Kjærgaard

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Thomas Bjørnsten

    2009-01-01

    Da musikeren, poeten og tennisspilleren Torben Ulrich i Seattle mødte jazzpianisten og komponisten Søren Kjærgaard udviklede det sig til en dybdegående udforskning af feltet mellem lyd og ord, stilhed og puls, rum og nærvær. Deres fælles bestræbelser kulminerede i foråret 2009 med det eksperiment...... eksperimenterende værk Suddenly, Sound: 21 songlines for piano, drainpipe, etc. Udgivelsesdato: 20.12...

  10. Epileptische Anfälle nach zerebrovaskulären Ereignissen - Erste Auswertungen der Wiener Schlaganfalldatenbank

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Glawar B

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Die Inzidenz isolierter epileptischer Anfälle nach Schlaganfällen wird in der Literatur zwischen 4 und 15 % angegeben. Die Wahrscheinlichkeit, eine Epilepsie nach einem zerebrovaskulären Ereignis zu entwickeln, liegt nach bisherigen Erkenntnissen zwischen 4 und 9 %. In einer prospektiven, multizentrischen Datenerhebung im Rahmen der Wiener Schlaganfalldatenbank werden seit Oktober 1998 Patienten mit der Diagnose Schlaganfall (nach der WHO-Definition und TIA, die innerhalb von 72 Stunden nach dem Ereignis zur Aufnahme an eine neurologische Abteilung kommen, erfaßt. Unter anderem werden auch Auftreten und Art von epileptischen Anfällen nach dem Ereignis beziehungsweise die Entwicklung einer vaskulären Epilepsie erfaßt. Für die vorliegende Fragestellung wurden die Daten von 1969 Patienten inklusive einer Dreimonatskontrolle ausgewertet. 82 dieser 1969 Patienten (= 4,2 % erlitten einen oder mehrere epileptische Anfälle nach dem Ereignis. Bei 55 Patienten (= 67 % trat der erste Anfall innerhalb von 24 Stunden, entsprechend einem Immediatanfall, auf. 22 Patienten (= 27 % hatten den ersten Anfall innerhalb der ersten 14 Tage, und bei 5 Personen (= 6 % wurde der erste Anfall erst zu einem späteren Zeitpunkt dokumentiert. Bei 67 % (n = 55 traten fokale Anfälle mit/ohne sekundäre Generalisierung auf, und bei ca. 33 % (n = 27 kam es zu phänomenologisch primär generalisierten Anfällen. In einer multivariaten Analyse zeigt sich, daß vor allem Patienten mit initial schwerer Behinderung nach dem NIH-Stroke Score ein höheres Risiko haben, epileptische Anfälle zu entwickeln. Bei 12 Patienten trat mehr als ein epileptischer Anfall auf, dies entspricht einer Inzidenz von 0,6 % für die Entwicklung einer vaskulären Epilepsie. In einem Beobachtungszeitraum von 3 Monaten sind noch nicht alle Patienten, die epileptische Anfälle entwickeln, erfaßt. Längere Beobachtungszeiträume und Kontrollen nach einem und nach zwei Jahren werden ausf

  11. ren Kierkegaard und das Internet: Partizipation und Engagement als Hinweis auf Medienbildung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tobias Hölterhof

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Sören Kierkegaard (1813-1855 hat das Internet zwar selbst nicht erlebt, dennoch hat sich ein Forschungsdiskurs etabliert, der dieses Gedankenexperiment erörtert. Anhand seiner Philosophie wird die Frage nach der existenziellen Bedeutung des Internet greifbar. Durch die Rekonstruktion des Diskurses sowie dessen Implikationen für das Lernen mit Medien wird eine Verbindung zwischen dem individuellen Lernen und den Eigenheiten von Bildungsprozessen herausgearbeitet. Dabei kann insbesondere aus der Perspektive von Partizipation und Engagement dieses Gedankenexperiment zu einem Hinweis auf Medienbildung werden.

  12. The functional role of PI3K in maintenance of blood pressure and baroreflex suppression in (mRen2)27 and mRen2.Lewis rat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Logan, Exazevia M; Aileru, Azeez A; Shaltout, Hossam A; Averill, David B; Diz, Debra I

    2011-10-01

    The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)-dependent signaling pathway in brain of spontaneously hypertensive rats, but not Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats, contributes to elevated mean arterial pressure (MAP). The role of PI3K in the regulation of blood pressure or autonomic function in the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) is yet to be established in other Ang II-dependent models of hypertension. Thus, we microinjected PI3K inhibitors, wortmannin or LY294002, into the NTS, and measured MAP, baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) for heart rate (HR) control, and HR variability (HRV) in mRen2.Lewis congenic and (mRen2)27 transgenic rats. Bilateral NTS microinjections of wortmannin (100 nmol/L; 50 nL) reduced MAP in (mRen2)27 and mRen2.Lewis rats (33 ± 5 mm Hg, n = 7, and 32 ± 6 mm Hg, n = 9, respectively) for approximately 90 minutes. Spectral and sequence analysis showed improvements in spontaneous BRS and HRV (50%-100%) after treatment in both hypertensive strains. Injections of wortmannin into NTS of Hannover Sprague-Dawley or Lewis control rats failed to alter MAP, BRS, or HRV. In mRen2.Lewis, but not in control Lewis rats, LY294002 (50 μmole/L) reduced MAP and increased BRS and HRV similar to wortmannin. Thus, the pharmacologic blockade of the PI3K signaling pathway in NTS reveals an important contribution to resting MAP and BRS in rats with overexpression of the Ren2 gene.

  13. Spatial Representations of Ideology and Politics In Urban Scene: Keçiören Example

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    İrem Öz

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Being the capital city of a newly established Turkish Republic that was descended from the Ottoman Empire, Ankara was attributed a massive symbolic meaning. Ankara became the representative of a new Turkish State that aimed to attain a place in the global picture as being a modern and secular nation state. It carries a distinct characteristic as the reflections of transformations taking place in the political sphere can be read from the urban space. In this context, Keçiören District, being one of the largest and most populated districts of Ankara has undergone a massive transformation after 1994 with the change in the political structure. The aim of this study is to make an analysis of the transformation that has been taking place in Keçiören district of Ankara since 1994, focusing on the architecture of AKP government that has been taking place not only in the architectural or urban field but also in the political, social, economic and cultural fields. What has been tried to be analyzed in this study is the emergence of a new architectural style that imitates the past with a modern approach not only in terms of urban and architectural quality but also from social and political motives that are embedded in the “culture” by using Pierre Bourdieu’s sociological notions as elements of interpretation.

  14. A noção de semelhança no universo poético e artístico de René Magritte

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    Resumo: Tradução para o português do texto A arte da semelhança (1979), do artista belga René Magritte, precedida de apresentação crítica.Palavras-chave: Arte; René Magritte; A arte da semelhança; pintura.Résumé: Traduction vers le portugais du texte L’art de la ressemblance (1979), de l’artiste belge René Magritte, précédée d’une présentation critique.Mots-clés: Art; René Magritte; L’art de la ressemblance; peinture.Keywords: Art; René Magritte; L’art de la ressemblance; peinture....

  15. Self-Esteem and Feelings of Community Connectedness of At-Risk Adolescents Attending Community-Based Afterschool Programs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tina Loughlin

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This research investigated the relationship between adolescent afterschool program attendance, self-esteem and feelings of community connectedness. Thirty-nine of the 61 at-risk adolescents enrolled in two federally funded, community based afterschool programs participated in the study. Participants completed a 10-item self-esteem questionnaire and a 5-item section of the Youth Involved in Community Issues Survey (YICI to measure perceptions of community connectedness. Attendance records were also collected from the sites. Data were analyzed using Pearson Correlations. Results indicated that there was not a significant relationship between the total variables. The individual item analysis, however, did find a significant relationship between adolescent community connectedness and self esteem items. Findings suggest that there is a relationship to be explored and strengthened through means of community outreach for adolescents. Conclusions from this study have important implications for youth practice. Specifically, program leaders need to help adolescents get involved in the community as contributing members.

  16. Burnout and connectedness in the job demands-resources model: studying palliative care volunteers and their families.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huynh, Jasmine-Yan; Winefield, Anthony H; Xanthopoulou, Despoina; Metzer, Jacques C

    2012-09-01

    This study examined the role of burnout and connectedness in the job demands-resources (JD-R) model among palliative care volunteers. It was hypothesized that (a) exhaustion mediates the relationship between demands and depression, and between demands and retention; (b) cynicism mediates the relationship between resources and retention; and (c) connectedness mediates the relationship between resources and retention. Hypotheses were tested in 2 separate analyses: structural equation modeling (SEM) and path analyses. The first was based on volunteer self-reports (N = 204), while the second analysis concerned matched data from volunteers and their family members (N = 99). While strong support was found for cynicism and connectedness as mediators in both types of analyses, this was not altogether the case for exhaustion. Implications of these findings for the JD-R model and volunteer organizations are discussed.

  17. How neighborhood structural and institutional features can shape neighborhood social connectedness: a multilevel study of adolescent perceptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lenzi, Michela; Vieno, Alessio; Santinello, Massimo; Perkins, Douglas D

    2013-06-01

    According to the norms and collective efficacy model, the levels of social connectedness within a local community are a function of neighborhood structural characteristics, such as socioeconomic status and ethnic composition. The current work aims to determine whether neighborhood structural and institutional features (neighborhood wealth, percentage of immigrants, population density, opportunities for activities and meeting places) have an impact on different components of neighborhood social connectedness (intergenerational closure, trust and reciprocity, neighborhood-based friendship and personal relationships with neighbors). The study involved a representative sample of 389 early and middle adolescents aged 11-15 years old, coming from 31 Italian neighborhoods. Using hierarchical linear modeling, our findings showed that high population density, ethnic diversity, and physical and social disorder might represent obstacles for the creation of social ties within the neighborhood. On the contrary, the presence of opportunities for activities and meeting places in the neighborhood was associated with higher levels of social connectedness among residents.

  18. Amygdalin isolated from Semen Persicae (Tao Ren) extracts induces the expression of follistatin in HepG2 and C2C12 cell lines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Chuanbin; Li, Xuechen; Rong, Jianhui

    2014-01-01

    The Chinese medicine formulation ISF-1 (also known as Bu-Yang-Huan-Wu-Tang) for post-stroke rehabilitation could increase the expression of growth-regulating protein follistatin by approximately 4-fold. This study aims to identify the active compounds of ISF-1 for the induction of follistatin expression. Active compounds in ISF-1 responsible for induction of follistatin were identified by a bioactivity-guided fractionation procedure involving liquid-liquid extraction, HPLC separation and RT-PCR detection. The aqueous extracts of seven ISF-1 ingredients including Semen Persicae (Tao Ren) and the S. Persicae-derived fractions were assayed for the induction of follistatin mRNA expression in human hepatocarcinoma HepG2 cells by RT-PCR. The concentrations of isolated compounds were proportionally normalized to the reported IC50 concentration (5.8 mg/mL) of the formulation ISF-1 in HepG2. The active fractions were characterized by reverse-phase HPLC on a C18 column and identified by mass spectrometry. Three ingredients of ISF-1, namely S. Persicae (Tao Ren), Pheretima (Di Long), and Flos Carthami (Hong Hua), induced the expression of follistatin mRNA. Among these, the ingredient S. Persicae were the most active, and amygdalin from S. Persicae extract was identified as a novel follistatin inducer. Amygdalin stimulated the growth of skeletal muscle cell line C2C12 cells in a concentration-dependent manner. Amygdalin isolated from S. Persicae extract in ISF-1 through a bioactivity-guided fractionation procedure induced the expression of follistatin in HepG2 and C2C12 cell lines.

  19. Connectedness of land use, nutrients, primary production, and fish assemblages in oxbow lakes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miranda, Leandro E.; Andrews, Caroline S.; Kroger, Robert

    2013-01-01

    We explored the strength of connectedness among hierarchical system components associated with oxbow lakes in the alluvial valley of the Lower Mississippi River. Specifically, we examined the degree of canonical correlation between land use (agriculture and forests), lake morphometry (depth and size), nutrients (total nitrogen and total phosphorus), primary production (chlorophyll-a), and various fish assemblage descriptors. Watershed (p production (p production was associated with sunfish (Centrarchidae) assemblages (p hierarchical approach can be useful in developing management and conservation plans for oxbow lakes in a region impacted by widespread landscape changes due to agriculture.

  20. Faux et usage de faux. Sur le bilinguisme chinois de René Leys

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliette Salabert

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Cet article a pour objectif de démontrer que le bilinguisme franco-chinois de René Leys, contrepoint burlesque à l’hiératisme orchestrédans Stèles, joue du faux et de la contrefaçon. L’étude se construit autour de la dualité et de la duplicité de la traduction, reflétée par les deux caractères inauguraux du roman : Da Nei. Dépliant à un lecteur non sinisant l’ « infra » chinois du texte, l’article a à cœur de montrer ses pièges et ses leurres et d’analyser comment le recours au bilinguisme vient ici aider à désorienter, dans un jeu parodique, le romanesque occidental.This article aims to prove that the process of bilingualism used in Segalen’s novel, René Leys, is a burlesque counterpoint to the French-Chinese language in Stèles, Segalen’s collection of poems. The bilingualism in the novel is based on the singular game of forgery and counterfeiting. Starting from the equivocal meaning of the two Chinese characters, Da Nei, opening the book, this study analyses the duality and double dealing of the translation. This article seeks to explain to a non-Chinese-speaking audience the “infra” language created by the use of Chinese in the text, and reveals the snares and the deliberately placed linguistic games. In the end, this article attempts to convey understanding of how this elaborate style of the East is also a way for the author to offer commentary, through parody, on the position of the novel in the West.Este artículo pretende demostrar que el bilingüismo sino-francés de René Leys, contrapunto burlesco al hieratismo orquestado en Stèles, se vale de lo ilusorio y de la falsificación. El estudio está construido a partir de la dualidad y la duplicidad de la traducción, reflejada por los caracteres iniciales de la novela : Da Nei. Develando a un lector no sinófilo lo “infra” chino del texto, el artículo se esfuerza en mostrar las trampas y sus anzuelos presentes, y en analizar cómo el

  1. Video-mediated communication to support distant family connectedness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furukawa, Ryoko; Driessnack, Martha

    2013-02-01

    It can be difficult to maintain family connections with geographically distant members. However, advances in computer-human interaction (CHI) systems, including video-mediated communication (VMC) are emerging. While VMC does not completely substitute for physical face-to-face communication, it appears to provide a sense of virtual copresence through the addition of visual and contextual cues to verbal communication between family members. The purpose of this study was to explore current patterns of VMC use, experiences, and family functioning among self-identified VMC users separated geographically from their families. A total of 341 participants (ages 18 to above 70) completed an online survey and Family APGAR. Ninty-six percent of the participants reported that VMC was the most common communication method used and 60% used VMC at least once/week. The most common reason cited for using VMC over other methods of communication was the addition of visual cues. A significant difference between the Family APGAR scores and the number of positive comments about VMC experience was also found. This exploratory study provides insight into the acceptance of VMC and its usefulness in maintaining connections with distant family members.

  2. La reducción de lo posible. René Thom y el determinismo causal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Espinoza

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available La tesis principal de este ensayo estipula que el determinismo causal es una propiedad de la naturaleza y el primer principio de la inteligibilidad natural. El desarrollo de esta tesis utiliza como hilo conductor el pensamiento de René Thom. Esto significa que el determinismo causal se examina en su relación con la estabilidad y la inestabilidad, el desafío de la mecánica cuántica, las raíces aporéticas de la ciencia tal como la dualidad determinismo-indeterminismo, y finalmente, en su relación con el método para ponerlo de manifiesto, es decir la reducción de lo posible.

  3. Dem Sog der Arbeit widerstehen. Leben im egalitären Modell

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aschermann Ellen

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Die Autorinnen untersuchen die Einschätzungen von deutschschweizer Ehepaaren und ihren heranwachsenden Kindern zum Leben in einem egalitären Familienmodell. Die Längsschnittstudie umfasst dabei einen Zeitraum von 10 Jahren. In halbstrukturierten Interviews werden die Veränderungen in der Organisation in Arbeits-, Haushalts- und Familienbereich erhoben und mittels qualitativer Analyse strukturiert. Der erste Band enthält die theoretischen Grundlagen und die Befunde zu den Veränderungen bei den Eltern. Im zweiten Band wird auf die Erfahrungen der Kinder eingegangen, die in diesen Familien aufwuchsen. Auch sie wurden mit halbstrukturierten Interviews befragt. Zusätzlich wird die Kinderperspektive mit einer stärker traditionell aufwachsenden Kontrollgruppe verglichen.

  4. YU Ren-cun(郁仁存)——A Famous Oncologist in Integrative Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ YU Ren-cun was born on August 1,1934.After graduating from Jiangxi Medical College in 1955,he took part in the very first Western Doctors' Class for Learning Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) held in Beijing from March 1959 to December 1961.Prof.YU systematically learned TCM while taking this class.Since 1962,he has been working in the Beijing Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine,eventually being promoted to a Chief Physician by the Beijing Municipal Government in May of 1981.In 1997,Prof.YU was selected as a well-known veteran for the National TCM Doctor Inheritance Work by the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine (SATCM).The State Council of China has awarded him a special subsidy every month for his excellent work.

  5. The importance of perceived care and connectedness with friends and parents for adolescent social anxiety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Zalk, Nejra; Van Zalk, Maarten

    2015-06-01

    Nonclinical social anxiety in adolescence can be highly problematic, as it likely affects current and especially new social interactions. Relationships with significant others, such as close friends, mothers, and fathers, could aid socially anxious adolescents' participation in social situations, thereby helping reduce feelings of social anxiety. We examined whether making friends as well as high friendship quality help reduce social anxiety over time, and whether friends', mothers', and fathers' care interact in reducing social anxiety. Using longitudinal data from 2,194 participants in a social network (48% girls; Mage  = 13.58) followed for 3 years, we estimated friendship selection and influence processes via a continuous time-modeling approach using SIENA. We controlled for the effects of depressive symptoms, self-esteem, gender, age, and family structure. Our findings suggest that perceived care by friends mediated the effect of making friends on social anxiety. Perceptions of mother and father, as well as friend care and connectedness, respectively, did not interact in decreasing social anxiety. Nonetheless, care and connectedness with mothers, fathers, and friends jointly predicted decreases in social anxiety. Caring relationships with friends and parents each play a role in mutually protecting early adolescents against increasing in social anxiety over time. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  6. An atlas-based fuzzy connectedness method for automatic tissue classification in brain MRI

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHOU Yongxin; BAI Jing

    2006-01-01

    A framework incorporating a subject-registered atlas into the fuzzy connectedness (FC) method is proposed for the automatic tissue classification of 3D images of brain MRI. The pre-labeled atlas is first registered onto the subject to provide an initial approximate segmentation. The initial segmentation is used to estimate the intensity histograms of gray matter and white matter. Based on the estimated intensity histograms, multiple seed voxels are assigned to each tissue automatically. The normalized intensity histograms are utilized in the FC method as the intensity probability density function (PDF) directly. Relative fuzzy connectedness technique is adopted in the final classification of gray matter and white matter. Experimental results based on the 20 data sets from IBSR are included, as well as comparisons of the performance of our method with that of other published methods. This method is fully automatic and operator-independent. Therefore, it is expected to find wide applications, such as 3D visualization, radiation therapy planning, and medical database construction.

  7. Is religiosity positively associated with school connectedness: evidence from high school students in Atlantic Canada?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azagba, Sunday; Asbridge, Mark; Langille, Donald B

    2014-12-01

    School connectedness (SC) is associated with decreased student risk behavior and better health and social outcomes. While a considerable body of research has examined the factors associated with SC, there is limited evidence about the particular role of religiosity in shaping levels of SC. Employing data reported by junior and senior high school students from Atlantic Canada, this study examines whether religiosity is positively associated with SC and whether such associations differ by gender. We tested the association between SC and religiosity using a random intercept multilevel logistic regression. The between-school variability in SC was first determined by our estimating a null or empty model; three different model specifications that included covariates were estimated: in Model 1 we adjusted for gender, age, academic performance, parental education, and living arrangement; in Model 2 for sensation seeking and subjective social status in addition to Model 1 variables; and in Model 3 we added substance use to the analysis. Our multilevel regression analyses showed that religiosity was protectively associated with lower SC across the three model specifications when both genders were examined together. In gender-stratified analyses we found similar protective associations of religiosity, with lower SC for both males and females in all three models. Given the overwhelming positive impact of SC on a range of health, social and school outcomes, it is important to understand the role of religiosity, among other factors, that may be modified to enhance student's connectedness to school.

  8. ɛ-connectedness, finite approximations, shape theory and coarse graining in hyperspaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alonso-Morón, Manuel; Cuchillo-Ibanez, Eduardo; Luzón, Ana

    2008-12-01

    We use upper semifinite hyperspaces of compacta to describe ε-connectedness and to compute homology from finite approximations. We find a new connection between ε-connectedness and the so-called Shape Theory. We construct a geodesically complete R-tree, by means of ε-components at different resolutions, whose behavior at infinite captures the topological structure of the space of components of a given compact metric space. We also construct inverse sequences of finite spaces using internal finite approximations of compact metric spaces. These sequences can be converted into inverse sequences of polyhedra and simplicial maps by means of what we call the Alexandroff-McCord correspondence. This correspondence allows us to relate upper semifinite hyperspaces of finite approximation with the Vietoris-Rips complexes of such approximations at different resolutions. Two motivating examples are included in the introduction. We propose this procedure as a different mathematical foundation for problems on data analysis. This process is intrinsically related to the methodology of shape theory. This paper reinforces Robins’s idea of using methods from shape theory to compute homology from finite approximations.

  9. Modeling Age-Friendly Environment, Active Aging, and Social Connectedness in an Emerging Asian Economy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lai, Ming-Ming; Lein, Shi-Ying; Lau, Siok-Hwa; Lai, Ming-Ling

    2016-01-01

    This paper empirically tested eight key features of WHO guidelines to age-friendly community by surveying 211 informal caregivers and 402 self-care adults (aged 45 to 85 and above) in Malaysia. We examined the associations of these eight features with active aging and social connectedness through exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses. A structural model with satisfactory goodness-of-fit indices (CMIN/df = 1.11, RMSEA = 0.02, NFI = 0.97, TLI = 1.00, CFI = 1.00, and GFI = 0.96) indicates that transportation and housing, community support and health services, and outdoor spaces and buildings are statistically significant in creating an age-friendly environment. We found a statistically significant positive relationship between an age-friendly environment and active aging. This relationship is mediated by social connectedness. The results indicate that built environments such as accessible public transportations and housing, affordable and accessible healthcare services, and elderly friendly outdoor spaces and buildings have to be put into place before social environment in building an age-friendly environment. Otherwise, the structural barriers would hinder social interactions for the aged. The removal of the environmental barriers and improved public transportation services provide short-term solutions to meet the varied and growing needs of the older population.

  10. Connectedness of Soft Topological Spaces%柔拓扑空间的连通性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    来阿龙

    2016-01-01

    研究了柔拓扑空间的连通性,在柔拓扑空间中定义了隔离柔集,利用隔离柔集给出了连通柔拓扑空间和连通柔集的概念,并为连通柔拓扑空间提供了等价的定义。通过引入了柔拓扑空间之间的连续序同态,证明了柔拓扑空间的连通性在连续序同态下具有不变性,最后得出了柔拓扑空间连通的几个充分条件。%Connectedness of soft topological space is studied. The concept of separated soft set is introduced in a soft topological space. Using separated soft set, the notions of connected soft topological space and connected soft set are defined, and equivalent definitions of connected soft topological space are given. By introducing the notion of continuous order-homomorphism between soft topological spaces, connectedness of a soft topological space is proved to be invariant under a continuous order-homomorphism. Finally, some sufficient conditions for a soft topological space to be connected are obtained.

  11. Modeling Age-Friendly Environment, Active Aging, and Social Connectedness in an Emerging Asian Economy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ming-Ming Lai

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper empirically tested eight key features of WHO guidelines to age-friendly community by surveying 211 informal caregivers and 402 self-care adults (aged 45 to 85 and above in Malaysia. We examined the associations of these eight features with active aging and social connectedness through exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses. A structural model with satisfactory goodness-of-fit indices (CMIN/df = 1.11, RMSEA = 0.02, NFI = 0.97, TLI = 1.00, CFI = 1.00, and GFI = 0.96 indicates that transportation and housing, community support and health services, and outdoor spaces and buildings are statistically significant in creating an age-friendly environment. We found a statistically significant positive relationship between an age-friendly environment and active aging. This relationship is mediated by social connectedness. The results indicate that built environments such as accessible public transportations and housing, affordable and accessible healthcare services, and elderly friendly outdoor spaces and buildings have to be put into place before social environment in building an age-friendly environment. Otherwise, the structural barriers would hinder social interactions for the aged. The removal of the environmental barriers and improved public transportation services provide short-term solutions to meet the varied and growing needs of the older population.

  12. Modeling Age-Friendly Environment, Active Aging, and Social Connectedness in an Emerging Asian Economy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lai, Ming-Ming; Lein, Shi-Ying; Lau, Siok-Hwa; Lai, Ming-Ling

    2016-01-01

    This paper empirically tested eight key features of WHO guidelines to age-friendly community by surveying 211 informal caregivers and 402 self-care adults (aged 45 to 85 and above) in Malaysia. We examined the associations of these eight features with active aging and social connectedness through exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses. A structural model with satisfactory goodness-of-fit indices (CMIN/df = 1.11, RMSEA = 0.02, NFI = 0.97, TLI = 1.00, CFI = 1.00, and GFI = 0.96) indicates that transportation and housing, community support and health services, and outdoor spaces and buildings are statistically significant in creating an age-friendly environment. We found a statistically significant positive relationship between an age-friendly environment and active aging. This relationship is mediated by social connectedness. The results indicate that built environments such as accessible public transportations and housing, affordable and accessible healthcare services, and elderly friendly outdoor spaces and buildings have to be put into place before social environment in building an age-friendly environment. Otherwise, the structural barriers would hinder social interactions for the aged. The removal of the environmental barriers and improved public transportation services provide short-term solutions to meet the varied and growing needs of the older population. PMID:27293889

  13. Academic Practices to Gain and Maintain Student-Teacher Connectedness and Classroom Behavioral Management, Related to Educator Demographics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kendall, Leslie Threadgill

    2015-01-01

    Connectedness and classroom management has been defined as the ability to relate to students and keep order and maintain successful relationships with individuals. This qualitative study utilized surveys, questionnaires, interviews, and observations to examine the best practices implemented by educators to develop and maintain connections with…

  14. The Impact of School Connectedness on Violent Behavior, Transport Risk-Taking Behavior, and Associated Injuries in Adolescence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chapman, Rebekah L.; Buckley, Lisa; Sheehan, Mary C.; Shochet, Ian M.; Romaniuk, Madeline

    2011-01-01

    Adolescents engage in many risk-taking behaviors that have the potential to lead to injury. The school environment has a significant role in shaping adolescent behavior, and this study aimed to provide additional information about the benefits associated with connectedness to school. Early adolescents aged 13 to 15 years (N=509, 49% boys) were…

  15. Considering Positive Psychology Constructs of Life Satisfaction and School Connectedness When Assessing Symptoms Related to Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emily B. Mancil

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Children and adolescents diagnosed with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD demonstrate significant difficulty with academic and behavioral functioning. This, in turn, can lead to lower educational attainment and vocational achievement, which has serious long-term consequences and costs to individuals and society (Barkley, 2002, 2006; Mannuzza, Klein, Bessler, Malloy, & LaPadula, 1993. Researchers from a positive psychology framework suggest that ADHD symptoms (i.e., inattention, hyperactivity/impulsivity alone may not fully explain academic impairment (Diener, Scollon, & Lucas, 2004. From the standpoint of positive psychology, life satisfaction and school connectedness are important constructs that examine positive life functioning; however, they have been understudied, particularly in the area of ADHD. The current study investigated the relationship between ADHD symptoms and these positive psychological constructs. Results indicate that as ADHD symptoms increase, life satisfaction decreases; however, no relationship between ADHD symptoms and school connectedness was found. Beyond our primary analysis, we examined the relationship between gender and these variables. Results suggest that gender significantly moderates the relationship between ADHD and life satisfaction, with life satisfaction ratings decreasing for males as ADHD symptoms increase, yet remaining stable for females. ADHD symptoms did not significantly predict changes in school connectedness. Furthermore, gender did not significantly moderate the relationship between school connectedness and ADHD symptoms.

  16. The Impact of School Connectedness on Violent Behavior, Transport Risk-Taking Behavior, and Associated Injuries in Adolescence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chapman, Rebekah L.; Buckley, Lisa; Sheehan, Mary C.; Shochet, Ian M.; Romaniuk, Madeline

    2011-01-01

    Adolescents engage in many risk-taking behaviors that have the potential to lead to injury. The school environment has a significant role in shaping adolescent behavior, and this study aimed to provide additional information about the benefits associated with connectedness to school. Early adolescents aged 13 to 15 years (N=509, 49% boys) were…

  17. Social Connectedness, Academic, Non-Academic Behaviors Related to Self-Regulation among University Students in Saudi Arabia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jdaitawi, Malek

    2015-01-01

    Studies dedicated to examination of self-regulation posit a bi-directional association between self-regulation and other variables including social connectedness, self-efficacy and self-control. However, to date, studies of this caliber have only evidenced that self-regulation is a predictor of other variables. In the present study, the factors…

  18. Academic Practices to Gain and Maintain Student-Teacher Connectedness and Classroom Behavioral Management, Related to Educator Demographics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kendall, Leslie Threadgill

    2015-01-01

    Connectedness and classroom management has been defined as the ability to relate to students and keep order and maintain successful relationships with individuals. This qualitative study utilized surveys, questionnaires, interviews, and observations to examine the best practices implemented by educators to develop and maintain connections with…

  19. Perceived Intrafamilial Connectedness and Autonomy in Families with and without an Anxious Family Member: A Multiple Informant Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Albuquerque, Jiske E. G.; Schneider, Silvia

    2012-01-01

    Perceived intrafamilial "emotional connectedness" and "autonomy" were investigated within families with and without an anxious family member using a multiple informant approach. The sample consisted of 32 mothers with a current anxiety disorder and 56 controls, their partners, and their anxious and nonanxious teenage children. No differences were…

  20. 'Mum never loved me.' How structural factors influence adolescent sexual and reproductive health through parent-child connectedness: a qualitative study in rural Tanzania.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wamoyi, Joyce; Wight, Daniel

    2014-01-01

    Research in high income countries shows parent-child connectedness to be protective against undesirable sexual and reproductive health (SRH) outcomes among young people. Little has been done to understand the nature of parent-child connectedness, the structural factors that impact on connectedness and parents' understanding of how connectedness affects their children's sexual behaviour in sub-Saharan Africa and Tanzania in particular. Ethnographic research involved 30 days of observation in 10 households, 9 focus group discussions and 60 in-depth interviews. Thematic analysis was conducted using NVIVO qualitative data analysis software. The structural factors with greatest influence on connectedness were economic circumstances, gender, social status, state education, and globalisation. Economic circumstances impacted on parent-child connectedness through parents' ability to provide for their children's material needs, and the time their occupation allowed for them to spend with their children and monitor their activities. Appropriate parent-child interactions were shaped by gender norms and by social status in the form of respectability, adolescents' adherence to norms of respect/obedience shaping their parents' affection. State education affected parents' preferences between children but also undermined parental authority, as did broader globalisation. Connectedness was related to SRH in a bi-directional way: lack of connectedness was linked to young people's low self-esteem and risky sexual behaviour while unplanned pregnancies seriously undermined young women's connectedness with their parents. Since material provision was perceived to be a central element of parent-child connectedness, structural factors limiting provision made transactional sex more likely both through direct material pathways and emotional ones. Motives for transactional sex were said to be material needs and to feel loved and cared for. An important pathway by which structural factors shape

  1. Seed robustness of oriented relative fuzzy connectedness: core computation and its applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tavares, Anderson C. M.; Bejar, Hans H. C.; Miranda, Paulo A. V.

    2017-02-01

    In this work, we present a formal definition and an efficient algorithm to compute the cores of Oriented Relative Fuzzy Connectedness (ORFC), a recent seed-based segmentation technique. The core is a region where the seed can be moved without altering the segmentation, an important aspect for robust techniques and reduction of user effort. We show how ORFC cores can be used to build a powerful hybrid image segmentation approach. We also provide some new theoretical relations between ORFC and Oriented Image Foresting Transform (OIFT), as well as their cores. Experimental results among several methods show that the hybrid approach conserves high accuracy, avoids the shrinking problem and provides robustness to seed placement inside the desired object due to the cores properties.

  2. Fast interactive segmentation algorithm of image sequences based on relative fuzzy connectedness

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tian Chunna; Gao Xinbo

    2005-01-01

    A fast interactive segmentation algorithm of image-sequences based on relative fuzzy connectedness is presented. In comparison with the original algorithm, the proposed one, with the same accuracy, accelerates the segmentation speed by three times for single image. Meanwhile, this fast segmentation algorithm is extended from single object to multiple objects and from single-image to image-sequences. Thus the segmentation of multiple objects from complex background and batch segmentation of image-sequences can be achieved. In addition, a post-processing scheme is incorporated in this algorithm, which extracts smooth edge with one-pixel-width for each segmented object. The experimental results illustrate that the proposed algorithm can obtain the object regions of interest from medical image or image-sequences as well as man-made images quickly and reliably with only a little interaction.

  3. Communicative actions, women's degree of social connectedness and child mortality in rural Bangladesh.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gayen, K; Raeside, R

    2010-11-01

    Child deaths are decreasing throughout South East Asia, yet the rate remains high and is a cause of considerable anguish. In Bangladesh, there is also a great deal of variation in child mortality between different regions. Reported in this paper is the analysis of a survey of 613 Bangladeshi women who live in six rural villages and have reported on their experience of child death. Factors obtained from an interview based questionnaire were investigated to ascertain their association with child death. Multilevel Poison regression models were developed to relate these factors to the number and proportion of child deaths to children ever born while allowing for variation between the villages. It was found that communicative action, especially women's power as the degree of social connectedness, is important in reducing child mortality. Also important in reducing child mortality is the level of women's education. No evidence could be found of sex preference when comparing male and female child deaths. © 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  4. The powdery mildew resistance gene REN1 co-segregates with an NBS-LRR gene cluster in two Central Asian grapevines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morgante Michele

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Grape powdery mildew is caused by the North American native pathogen Erysiphe necator. Eurasian Vitis vinifera varieties were all believed to be susceptible. REN1 is the first resistance gene naturally found in cultivated plants of Vitis vinifera. Results REN1 is present in 'Kishmish vatkana' and 'Dzhandzhal kara', two grapevines documented in Central Asia since the 1920's. These cultivars have a second-degree relationship (half sibs, grandparent-grandchild, or avuncular, and share by descent the chromosome on which the resistance allele REN1 is located. The REN1 interval was restricted to 1.4 cM using 38 SSR markers distributed across the locus and the segregation of the resistance phenotype in two progenies of collectively 461 offspring, derived from either resistant parent. The boundary markers delimit a 1.4-Mbp sequence in the PN40024 reference genome, which contains 27 genes with known functions, 2 full-length coiled-coil NBS-LRR genes, and 9 NBS-LRR pseudogenes. In the REN1 locus of PN40024, NBS genes have proliferated through a mixture of segmental duplications, tandem gene duplications, and intragenic recombination between paralogues, indicating that the REN1 locus has been inherently prone to producing genetic variation. Three SSR markers co-segregate with REN1, the outer ones confining the 908-kb array of NBS-LRR genes. Kinship and clustering analyses based on genetic distances with susceptible cultivars representative of Central Asian Vitis vinifera indicated that 'Kishmish vatkana' and 'Dzhandzhal kara' fit well into local germplasm. 'Kishmish vatkana' also has a parent-offspring relationship with the seedless table grape 'Sultanina'. In addition, the distant genetic relatedness to rootstocks, some of which are derived from North American species resistant to powdery mildew and have been used worldwide to guard against phylloxera since the late 1800's, argues against REN1 being infused into Vitis vinifera from a

  5. Zur Bedeutung der linksventrikulären Hypertrophie bei arterieller Hypertonie im Praxisalltag - Focus auf das LIL-Projekt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eber B

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Bei Hypertrophie des Herzens im Rahmen einer essentiellen Hypertonie, häufiger vorkommend bei sekundären Hypertonieformen, nimmt das Risiko für Morbidität und Mortalität signifikant zu. Dies sollte in der Praxis wesentlich mehr Beachtung finden. Eine Regression der linksventrikulären Hypertrophie kann durch alle antihypertensiven Maßnahmen erzielt werden, dadurch wird die Prognose der Hypertoniker verbessert. Die Wahl des richtigen Antihypertensivums und eine eher höhere Dosierung sind weitere entscheidende Kriterien für ein besseres Outcome. Losartan erfüllt diese Anforderungen auch aus ökonomischer Sicht, vor allem in der Tagesdosierung von 100 mg in Kombination mit Hydrochlorothiazid (HCTZ, wie EBM-Trials nachweisen konnten (z. B. LIFE-Studie. In dem österreichweiten LIIFE-IN-LIFE- (LIL- Projekt konnten diese Erkenntnisse erstmals in die Praxis umgesetzt werden, wie erste Analysen ergaben.

  6. Measurement of the 187Re(n,2n)186mRe Destruction Cross-section

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casarella, C. R.; Kelley, J. H.; Raut, R.; Howell, C.; Rusev, G.; Tonchev, A. P.; Kwan, E.; Tornow, W.; Karwowski, H. J.; Hammond, S. L.; Kondev, F. G.; Zhu, S.

    2010-11-01

    We are continuing a program to measure cross sections for ^187Re(n,2nγ) reactions with particular interest in confirming a transition that has tentatively been identified as a doorway transition feeding the ^186Re Ex=149(7) keV isomeric state. The cross sections are being measured using pulsed, nearly mono-energetic neutron beams, as well as an array of planar HPGe γ-ray detectors. At present, the reaction cross sections for ^187Re(n,2nγ) are poorly known, so measuring the cross sections have positive implications, for example, on reactor physics since Re is a common fission fragment. Furthermore, refining the cross section measurements may reduce uncertainties in the Re/Os cosmochronometer. Funding provided by NSF grant NSF-PHY-08-51813.

  7. Nougé (Paul), René Magritte (in extenso). Préface d’Olivier Smolders

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Alors que les commémorations du centenaire de la naissance de René Magritte vont bon train, nous revenons à un livre publié par Didier Devillez en 1997. L’éditeur y a rassemblé des textes écrits par celui qui fut le mentor de l’artiste au moment décisif de l’orientation qu’il avait prise dans sa peinture, ce qui devrait nous valoir un portrait de Magritte sous l’œil de Nougé. En intitulant son livre René Magritte (in extenso), Didier Devillez s’engageait à donner une sorte de publication inté...

  8. Connectedness underlies the underestimation of the horizontal vertical illusion in L-shaped configurations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cai, Yongchun; Wang, Ci; Song, Chao; Li, Zhi

    2017-05-01

    L-shaped configuration is a commonly used stimulus configuration in studying horizontal vertical illusion. Here, we report that the horizontal vertical illusion is substantially underestimated when the L-shaped configuration is used for evaluating the illusion. Experiment 1 found that, in a length perception task, the perceived length of a vertical bar was about 10% longer than that of a horizontal bar with the same physical size. Similar amount of HVI was found in a length comparison task, in which the length of a horizontal bar was compared to that of a vertical bar and the two bars were presented separately in space or in time. In contrast, when the length comparison task was conducted with the two bars being arranged in a connected L-shape, the illusion was halved in strength. Experiment 2 and 3 studied what might be the cause of this L-shape induced HVI-underestimation. Two factors were investigated: the connectedness of the two lines, and the 45° absolute orientation or the 45° inner angle information embedded in the upright isosceles L-shape. The results showed that the HVI strength was not much affected when the 45° absolute orientation and the 45° angle information was made useless for the length comparison task. In contrast, the illusion was significantly reduced in strength whenever the two lines were separated as compared to when they were connected. These results suggested that the connectedness of the two lines must underlie the underestimation of the horizontal vertical illusion in the L-shaped configurations.

  9. Suan Zao Ren Tang as an Original Treatment for Sleep Difficulty in Climacteric Women: A Prospective Clinical Observation

    OpenAIRE

    Chia-Hao Yeh; Arnold, Christof K.; Yen-Hui Chen; Jung-Nein Lai

    2011-01-01

    Little scientific evidence supports the efficacy of herbal medicines in the treatment of women with sleep difficulty during the climacteric period. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Suan Zao Ren Tang (SZRT) in reducing the impact of sleep disturbance on climacteric women, as measured by Pittsburg sleep quality index (PSQI) and the World Health Organization quality of life (WHOQOL). Sixty-seven climacteric women with sleep difficulty intending to treat receive...

  10. Sanãtana dharma / René Guénon ; tõlkinud ja kommenteerinud Haljand Udam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Guénon, René

    2004-01-01

    René Guénoni essee "Sanãtana dharma" ilmus 1949. a. ja uuesti 1989. a. raamatus "Études sur ľhindouisme" lk. 105-116 ja käsitleb mõiste "sanãtana dharma" ja "philosophia perennis" tõlgendusi ja tähendust. Esseele on lisatud põhjalik tõlkijapoolne kommentaar

  11. René-Just Haüy (1743-1822) et la naissance de la cristallographie

    OpenAIRE

    Maitte, Bernard

    2001-01-01

    International audience; This article is a contribution to the contextualization of René-Just Haüy's work in crystallography describing the genesis and the evolution of his ideas. I show how the "main-idea" of a periodic repetition of "integrant molecules" allows him to construct a structure for all crystals, to define "rational truncations" and "symmetry laws" and to submit observations to the theory requirements. Consequently, a new geometric science is built, but it seems to be in conflict ...

  12. Sanãtana dharma / René Guénon ; tõlkinud ja kommenteerinud Haljand Udam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Guénon, René

    2004-01-01

    René Guénoni essee "Sanãtana dharma" ilmus 1949. a. ja uuesti 1989. a. raamatus "Études sur ľhindouisme" lk. 105-116 ja käsitleb mõiste "sanãtana dharma" ja "philosophia perennis" tõlgendusi ja tähendust. Esseele on lisatud põhjalik tõlkijapoolne kommentaar

  13. Structural, electronic, mechanical and magnetic properties of rare earth nitrides REN (RE= Pm, Eu and Yb)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Murugan, A. [Department of physics, N.M.S.S.V.N college, Madurai, Tamilnadu 625019 (India); Rajeswarapalanichamy, R., E-mail: rrpalanichamy@gmail.com [Department of physics, N.M.S.S.V.N college, Madurai, Tamilnadu 625019 (India); Santhosh, M. [Department of physics, N.M.S.S.V.N college, Madurai, Tamilnadu 625019 (India); Iyakutti, K. [Department of physics and Nanotechnology, SRM University, Chennai, Tamilnadu 603203. India. (India)

    2015-07-01

    The structural, electronic and mechanical properties of rare earth nitrides REN (RE=Pm, Eu and Yb) are investigated in NaCl and CsCl, and zinc blende structures using first principles calculations based on density functional theory. The calculated lattice parameters are in good agreement with the available results. Among the considered structures, these nitrides are most stable in NaCl structure. A pressure induced structural phase transition from NaCl to CsCl phase is observed in all these nitrides. The electronic structure reveals that these rare earth nitrides are half metallic at normal pressure. These nitrides are found to be covalent and ionic in the stable phase. The computed elastic constants indicate that these nitrides are mechanically stable and elastically anisotropic. Our results confirm that these nitrides are ferromagnetic in nature. A ferromagnetic to non-magnetic phase transition is observed at the pressures of 21.5 GPa and 46.1 GPa in PmN and YbN respectively. - Highlights: • Rare earth nitrides PmN, EuN and YbN are found to be ferromagnetic in nature. • Electronic, structural, elastic and mechanical properties of rare earth nitrides are investigated. • A pressure induced structural phase transition is predicted under high pressure. • Electronic structure reveals that these materials exhibit half-metallic behavior. • Computed elastic moduli obey the mechanical stability condition.

  14. Faculté des sciences de Bordeaux, René-André Coulon architecte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franck Delorme

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Au sortir de la seconde guerre mondiale, les facultés bordelaises étouffent dans leurs locaux du centre-ville édifiés sous la troisième République. Un ambitieux programme de transferts des établissements universitaires vers les banlieues de Pessac, Talence et Gradignan se met en place à partir des années 1950. L’architecte René-André Coulon (1908-1997 conçoit la faculté des sciences de Bordeaux, envisagée alors comme une véritable faculté « pour l’an 2000 ». Tout en disposant largement les différents bâtiments dans l’espace du campus, Coulon s’attache à leur donner un style original, tout empreint de rigueur et de rationalisme, mais qui montre également quelques écarts notables avec les normes régissant alors les constructions universitaires. Talence est la première réalisation universitaire de Coulon, qui travaillera par la suite sur des programmes fort différents, qu’il s’agisse du campus de HEC à Jouy-en-Josas ou de celui de la faculté des sciences de Paris-centre avec Édouard Albert.

  15. Elementos para uma psicologia no pensamento de Søren Kierkegaard

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Ricardo Janzen

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo aborda o existencialismo vivido de Sören Kierkegaard, e aponta algumas questões importantes para uma relação com a psicologia. Iniciando com sua biografia, de vasta importância para o entendimento de sua obra, o presente artigo perpassa os três estágios demarcados por Kierkegaard que delineiam o agir do indivíduo, a saber, o estágio estético, o ético e o religioso. Então, a noção de indivíduo para o autor será esmiuçada, quesito central para a relação entre Kierkegaard e a Psicologia. Na sequência, temas caros ao autor, como a verdade objetiva e a verdade subjetiva, assim como a angústia e o desespero serão tratados de modo a poder nos fornecer possíveis relações com a psicologia e o fazer psicológico, relações essas que podemos inferir através dos temas que marcam o empreendimento kierkegaardiano.

  16. Research and Measurement of Software Complexity Based on Wuli, Shili, Renli (WSR and Information Entropy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rong Jiang

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Complexity is an important factor throughout the software life cycle. It is increasingly difficult to guarantee software quality, cost and development progress with the increase in complexity. Excessive complexity is one of the main reasons for the failure of software projects, so effective recognition, measurement and control of complexity becomes the key of project management. At first, this paper analyzes the current research situation of software complexity systematically and points out existing problems in current research. Then, it proposes a WSR framework of software complexity, which divides the complexity of software into three levels of Wuli (WL, Shili (SL and Renli (RL, so that the staff in different roles may have a better understanding of complexity. Man is the main source of complexity, but the current research focuses on WL complexity, and the research of RL complexity is extremely scarce, so this paper emphasizes the research of RL complexity of software projects. This paper not only analyzes the composing factors of RL complexity, but also provides the definition of RL complexity. Moreover, it puts forward a quantitative measurement method of the complexity of personnel organization hierarchy and the complexity of personnel communication information based on information entropy first and analyzes and validates the scientificity and rationality of this measurement method through a large number of cases.

  17. The Impact of Social Connectedness and Internalized Transphobic Stigma on Self-Esteem Among Transgender and Gender Non-Conforming Adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Austin, Ashley; Goodman, Revital

    2017-01-01

    The transgender and gender non-conforming (TGNC) community continues to represent a notably marginalized population exposed to pervasive discrimination, microaggressions, and victimization. Congruent with the minority stress model, TGNC individuals persistently experience barriers to wellbeing in contemporary society; however, research uncovering resilience-based pathways to health among this population is sparse. This study aimed to explore the impact and interaction between internalized transphobic stigma and a potential buffer against minority stress-social connectedness-on the self-esteem of TGNC identified adults. Data were collected from 65 TGNC identified adults during a national transgender conference. Multiple regression analysis reveals that self-esteem is negatively impacted by internalized transphobia and positively impacted by social connectedness. Social connectedness did not significantly moderate the relationship between internalized transphobia and self-esteem. Micro and macro interventions aimed at increasing social connectedness and decreasing internalized transphobic stigma may be paramount for enhancing resiliency and wellbeing in the TGNC community.

  18. Living Ethnoastronomy: Discovering the Connectedness of the Human Spirit Beneath the Night Sky

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hechter, Richard Paul; Awad, Nayif

    2017-09-01

    We are writing this article from opposite sides of the Earth and are getting ready to meet again in December 2017 to continue our project of bringing the world together through physics education, one constellation at a time. With the events in France, Belgium, Germany, United States, and United Kingdom fresh in our minds, there is not a more critical time than now to work on this project. Although some people believe that the authors (Richard, a Canadian Jew, and Nayif, a Palestinian Arab) should not be colleagues on an international project rooted in global unity, and certainly not be dear friends, we carry on as our work transcends the myopic limitations that society has placed on us. This is our story.

  19. Evaluation of connectedness between the University courses of Physics and Chemistry basing on the graph model of intersubject links

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gnitetskaya, Tatyana; Ivanova, Elena

    2016-08-01

    An application of the graph model of inter-subject links to University courses of Physics and Chemistry is presented in this article. A part of inter-subject space with directions of inter-subject links from Physics to Chemistry in the group of physical concepts has been shown. The graph model of inter-subject links includes quantitative indicators. Its numerical values are given in the article. The degree of connectedness between the data of Physics and Chemistry courses is discussed for the courses considered. The effect of the courses placement within a curriculum on the value of their connectedness is shown. The placement of courses within a curriculum can provide the study of the courses at the same time or consecutive study, when one course precedes another.

  20. Boundaries to the articulation of possible selves through social networking sites: the case of Facebook profilers' social connectedness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zwier, Sandra; Araujo, Theo; Boukes, Mark; Willemsen, Lotte

    2011-10-01

    This study aims to contribute to an emerging literature that seeks to understand how identity markers on social networking sites (SNSs) shape interpersonal impressions, and particularly the boundaries that SNSs present for articulating unconstrained "hoped-for possible selves." An experiment employing mock-up Facebook profiles was conducted, showing that appearing with friends on a Facebook profile picture as well as increasingly higher number of Facebook friends strengthened perceptions of a profiler's hoped-for level of social connectedness. Excessive numbers of friends, however, weakened perceptions of a profiler's real-level social connectedness, particularly among participants with smaller social networks on Facebook themselves. The discussion focuses on when people come to find that reasonable boundaries of self-generated information on an SNS have been exceeded.

  1. Exploring the Intersections of School Discipline, Discrimination, Connectedness, and Mental Health for African American High School Students

    OpenAIRE

    Forrester, Kandace

    2015-01-01

    Mixed-methods research was conducted to investigate the experiences of African American students in the school discipline system. The relationships between school discipline experiences and gender, perceptions of racial discrimination, feelings of school connectedness, and mental health were also explored. The investigation utilized survey, interview, and observational data. Findings suggest that the majority of African American participants had negative contact with the school discipline s...

  2. Testing longwave radiation parameterizations under clear and overcast skies at Storglaciären, Sweden

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Sedlar

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Energy balance based glacier melt models require accurate estimates of incoming longwave radiation but direct measurements are often not available. Multi-year near-surface meteorological data from Storglaciären, Northern Sweden, were used to evaluate commonly used longwave radiation parameterizations in a glacier environment under clear-sky and all-sky conditions. Parameterizations depending solely on air temperature performed worse than those which include water vapor pressure. All models tended to overestimate incoming longwave radiation during periods of low longwave radiation, while incoming longwave was underestimated when radiation was high. Under all-sky conditions root mean square error (RMSE and mean bias error (MBE were 17 to 20 W m−2 and −5 to 1 W m−2, respectively. Two attempts were made to circumvent the need of cloud cover data. First cloud fraction was parameterized as a function of the ratio, τ, of measured incoming shortwave radiation and calculated top of atmosphere radiation. Second, τ was related directly to the cloud factor (i.e. the increase in sky emissivity due to clouds. Despite large scatter between τ and both cloud fraction and the cloud factor, resulting calculations of hourly incoming longwave radiation for both approaches were only slightly more variable with RMSE roughly 3 W m−2 larger compared to using cloud observations as input. This is promising for longwave radiation modeling in areas where shortwave radiation data are available but cloud observations are not.

  3. Eliciting Challenges on Social Connectedness among Filipino Nurse Returnees: A Cross-Sectional Mixed-Method Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cortez, Mary Jane L; Del Rosario, Christian V; Diño, Michael Joseph S

    2016-01-01

    This cross-sectional study utilized a nested concurrent design to determine the association of Filipino nurse returnees' length of stay since they returned and their social connectedness as well as the essence of communication from their perspective. The respondents, who are Filipino nurses (n = 107) who worked abroad and returned to the Philippines for good, were employed from June to July of 2015 via referrals from colleges and institutions in Metro Manila and Bulacan areas in the Philippines. The quantitative results revealed, in one hand, significant but weak correlation between the respondent's length of stay and social connectedness (r = 0.224, p = 0.021, α = 0.05). On the other hand, three themes were generated from the qualitative analysis, namely, (1) Taking-In, (2) Taking-Hold, and (3) Letting-Go. The Social Connection System (SCS) provides a visual depiction of the social connectedness of a person. This research is geared towards the understanding of the interesting phenomenon of migration and social coherence of Filipino professionals.

  4. Eliciting Challenges on Social Connectedness among Filipino Nurse Returnees: A Cross-Sectional Mixed-Method Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mary Jane L. Cortez

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This cross-sectional study utilized a nested concurrent design to determine the association of Filipino nurse returnees’ length of stay since they returned and their social connectedness as well as the essence of communication from their perspective. The respondents, who are Filipino nurses (n=107 who worked abroad and returned to the Philippines for good, were employed from June to July of 2015 via referrals from colleges and institutions in Metro Manila and Bulacan areas in the Philippines. The quantitative results revealed, in one hand, significant but weak correlation between the respondent’s length of stay and social connectedness (r=0.224, p=0.021, α=0.05. On the other hand, three themes were generated from the qualitative analysis, namely, (1 Taking-In, (2 Taking-Hold, and (3 Letting-Go. The Social Connection System (SCS provides a visual depiction of the social connectedness of a person. This research is geared towards the understanding of the interesting phenomenon of migration and social coherence of Filipino professionals.

  5. Suicidality and depression among african american adolescents: the role of family and peer support and community connectedness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matlin, Samantha L; Molock, Sherry Davis; Tebes, Jacob Kraemer

    2011-01-01

    Rates of suicide are increasing among African American adolescents and pose a significant public health concern. One area that has received little attention is the relationship between various types of social support and suicide, and the extent to which support moderates the relationship between depressive symptoms and suicidality. A total of 212 African American adolescents completed in-school surveys on three types of social support: family support, peer support, and community connectedness. The survey also addressed depressive symptoms and suicidality, as measured by reasons for living, a cognitive measure of suicide risk. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses were used to examine direct and moderating relationships between types of social support and suicidality. The results indicated that increased family support and peer support are associated with decreased suicidality, and peer support and community connectedness moderated the relationship between depressive symptoms and suicidality. Over a third of the variability in reasons for living was predicted by family support, peer support, and community connectedness. Implications for research and preventative interventions for African American adolescents are discussed. © 2011 American Orthopsychiatric Association.

  6. Social support moderates the impact of demands on burnout and organizational connectedness: a two-wave study of volunteer firefighters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huynh, Jasmine Y; Xanthopoulou, Despoina; Winefield, Anthony H

    2013-01-01

    This two-wave study of volunteers examined the effect of family and friend support on the relationship between volunteer demands (emotional demands and work-home conflict) on the one hand, and burnout (exhaustion and cynicism) and organizational connectedness on the other hand. It was hypothesized that family and friend support would moderate the relationship between (a) demands at Time 1 (T1) and burnout at Time 2 (T2); and (b) demands at T1 and organizational connectedness at T2. Hypotheses were tested among 126 Australian volunteer firefighters, who were followed up over 1 year. Results showed that support moderated the relationship between work-home conflict and exhaustion, but not between emotional demands and exhaustion. In addition, family and friend support moderated the relationship between both volunteer demands at T1 and cynicism and organizational connectedness at T2. These results suggest that support from family and friends is a critical resource in coping with the demands related to volunteer work and may protect volunteers from burnout, while helping them to stay connected to volunteering. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved).

  7. “忍无可忍”源流考辨%A Probe into the Source of "Ren Wu Ke Ren"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高列过

    2012-01-01

    “忍无可忍”这个成语意义的源头是“忍之无可忍”,形式是借鉴汉译佛经的“忍不可忍”之后类推而成的。踏踏实实阅读第一手资料、仔细深入地分析文献例证。是保证溯源准确的前提。%The source of the literal meaning of the idiom "ren wu ke ren ( beyond endurance) " is from "ren zhi wu ke ren (endure to one's limit)", and its form is evolved from "ren bu ke ten (endure whatever one cannot endure)" in the Chinese translation of Buddhist sutras. Probing into the first-hand resources in a down-to-earth manner, and analyzing the examples in literature in a careful and thorough way are the premi- ses of the accurate trace into the source.

  8. 酸枣仁的药理作用及现代临床应用研究%Pharmacological effects and modern clinical application research of Suanzao Ren

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡明亚

    2012-01-01

      According to the TCM Suanzao Ren flat sweet and sour, Bugan, Ning Xin, Lianhan, Shengjin as its main active ingredient Jujuboside, Suanzao Ren flavonoids, Suanzao Ren oil, and some experimental results to explore Suanzao Ren has a sedative and hypnotic, anticonvulsant, anti-arrhythmic, anti-ischemic, blood pressure, cholesterol, and so enhance the immune pharmacological effects, as well as in modern clinical applications, and for further research to explore Suanzao Ren clinical applications providing valuable materials.%  根据中药酸枣仁性平味甘酸,具有补肝、宁心、敛汗、生津之功,其主要有效成分为酸枣仁皂苷、酸枣仁黄酮、酸枣仁油等,并根据一些实验结果探讨酸枣仁具有镇静催眠、抗惊厥、抗心律失常、抗心肌缺血、降压、降血脂等,增强免疫等药理作用,以及在现代临床上的应用,并为进一步研究探索酸枣仁的临床应用提供了有价值的材料。

  9. Experimentelle Untersuchung zur Effektivitat der Transarteriellen Chemoembolisation (TACE) im Tiermodell des hepatozellul?ren Karzinoms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Ziel: Evaluation der Effektivit?t verschiedener Methodiken der TACE im tierexperimentellen Modell des hepatozellul?ren Karzinoms. Material und Methoden: Bei m?nnlichen ACI-Ratten (n=58) erfolgte die Implantation eines soliden Morris Hepatom 3924A (1 mm3) subkapsul?r in den Leberlappen. 12—14 Tage nach Implantation wurden die Tumorvolumina kernspintomographisch bestimmt. Nach Laparotomie und retrograder Katheterisierung der Arteria gastroduodenalis wurden anschlieend unterschiedliche Therapieprotokolle der TACE angewendet: (A) Mitomycin C (n=4), (B) Degradiere St?rke Mikrosph?ren (DSM) (n=4), (C) Mitomycin C+DSM (n=4), (D) Mitomycin C + Ligatur (n=5), (E) Mitomycin C+Lipiodol (n=5), (F) Mitomycin C+Lipiodol+Ligatur (n=4), (G) Mitomycin C+DSM+Ligatur (n=4), (H) Mitomycin C+Poly-Laktide-co-Glykolide (PLcG) (n=4), (I) DSM + Ligatur (n=4), (J) Lipiodol + Ligatur (n=4), (K) Ligatur (n=4), (L) Lipiodol (n=5), (M) 0,9% NaCl (Kontrollgruppe, n=7). Zur Effektivit?tsbeurteilung der verschiedenen Methodiken erfolgte 12—14 Tage nach Therapie eine erneute kernspintomographische Volumenbestimmung der Tumoren. Ergebnisse: Im Vergleich zur Kontrollgruppe zeigten Gruppe D, E, F, G, H und J eine statistisch signifikant (P<0.05) geringere Tumorvolumenzunahme, w?hrend Gruppe A, B, C, I, K, L keine statistisch signifikanten Unterschiede hinsichtlich der Tumorvolumenzunahme zeigten. Schlufolgerung: Die Effektivit?t der TACE im tierexperimentellen Modell des hepatozellul?ren Karzinoms wird nur bei kombinierter Applikation von Zytostatikum und Carrier/Ligatur signifikant erhoht. Die alleinige Applikation des Zytostatikums/der Carrier/Ligatur hatte keinen signifikanten Effekt bezuglich der Effektivit?t.

  10. Increasing resilience in adolescents: the importance of social connectedness in adventure education programmes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scarf, Damian; Hayhurst, Jillian G; Riordan, Benjamin C; Boyes, Mike; Ruffman, Ted; Hunter, John A

    2017-04-01

    Mental health problems are a leading cause of health-related disability during adolescence. The objectives of the current study were to investigate whether participating in an adventure education programme (AEP) increased adolescents' resilience and elucidate how social connectedness contributes to any increase. Adolescents who participated in the AEP had their resilience measured on the first (Time 1) and last day (Time 2) of a 10-day voyage. Perceived social support and sense of belonging were also measured at Time 2. A control group of adolescents, who did not take part in the voyage, also had their resilience assessed at two time points, 10 days apart. Adolescents who participated in the AEP, but not those in the control group, displayed an increase in resilience from Time 1 to Time 2. Further, the increase in resilience was related to the adolescents' sense of belonging, and this effect held when controlling for perceived social support. These findings demonstrate the positive impact AEPs have on adolescents' resilience and a mechanism through which this occurs.

  11. A literature review of connectedness to nature and its potential for environmental management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Restall, Brian; Conrad, Elisabeth

    2015-08-15

    Understanding how people's relationships with nature form, how they influence personal values and attitudes, and what behavioural implications they may have could provide more insight into how connectedness to nature (CNT) can effectively contribute to environmental management goals. This paper undertakes a review of literature published over the past decade (2002-2011) on SCOPUS; and describes the current state of knowledge regarding CNT, assesses any efforts towards the spatial mapping of CNT for environmental management, and identifies measures of CNT defined in the broader literature. This review suggests that there is quite some overlap in the literature on CNT concepts, and that more effort needs to be made towards multi-disciplinary research which explores how CNT can be useful to environmental planning and conservation research on the field. It also further corroborates the need and relevance of applying more social and affective strategies to promote conservation behaviour. The main progress in CNT theory seems to have been made in the development of measurement tools, and it is clear that there is a strong convergent validity amongst the different measures due to their similarity, and functional associations. Further efforts towards the exploration of multi-dimensional measures is recommended since they consistently stand out as showing better results. The geographic visualisation of CNT constructs is another area of research that deserves attention since it can provide a unique point of view towards guiding participatory protected area planning and management.

  12. Are Differences Between Partners Always Detrimental? The Moderating Role of Future Connectedness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simon Andrew Moss

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Whether perceived differences between romantic partners compromises or enhances relationships may depend on the characteristics of individuals. This study explores the possibility that differences in capabilities but not motives enhance relationship satisfaction—but only when the individuals feel connected to their future identity. In particular, when individuals feel connected to their future identity, their primary motivation is to accrue capabilities and resources that could be useful in subsequent decades. They will thus seek partners with capabilities they have yet to acquire because, consistent with self-expansion theory, they tend to perceive these abilities as part of their own self-concept. To test this premise, 152 individuals rated the motives and capabilities of both themselves and their partners and also answered questions that gauge their relationship satisfaction and connectedness to their future identity. Perceived differences in motives and capabilities were inversely associated with relationship satisfaction. However, when participants felt connected to their future identity, the inverse association between differences in capabilities and relationship satisfaction diminished. Accordingly, if individuals perceive their lives as stable, they can embrace some differences between themselves and their partner.

  13. Perception of autonomy and connectedness prior to the onset of anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huemer, Julia; Haidvogl, Maria; Mattejat, Fritz; Wagner, Gudrun; Nobis, Gerald; Fernandez-Aranda, Fernando; Collier, David A; Treasure, Janet L; Karwautz, Andreas F K

    2012-01-01

    This study examines retrospective correlates of nonshared family environment prior to onset of disease, by means of multiple familial informants, among anorexia and bulimia nervosa patients. A total of 332 participants was included (anorexia nervosa, restrictive type (AN-R): n = 41 plus families); bulimic patients (anorexia nervosa, binge-purging type; bulimia nervosa: n = 59 plus families). The EATAET Lifetime Diagnostic Interview was used to establish the diagnosis; the Subjective Family Image Test was used to derive emotional connectedness (EC) and individual autonomy (IA). Bulimic and AN-R patients perceived significantly lower EC prior to onset of disease compared to their healthy sisters. Bulimic patients perceived significantly lower EC prior to onset of disease compared to AN-R patients and compared to their mothers and fathers. A low family sum - sister pairs sum comparison - of EC had a significant influence on the risk of developing bulimia nervosa. Contrary to expectations, AN-R patients did not perceive significantly lower levels of IA compared to their sisters, prior to onset of disease. Findings of low IA in currently ill AN-R patients may represent a disease consequence, not a risk factor. Developmental child psychiatrists should direct their attention to disturbances of EC, which may be present prior to the onset of the disease.

  14. The Role of Parent Communication and Connectedness in Dating Violence Victimization among Latino Adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kast, Nicole Rebecca; Eisenberg, Marla E; Sieving, Renee E

    2016-06-01

    Dating violence among U.S. adolescents is a substantial concern. Previous research indicates that Latino youth are at increased risk of dating violence victimization. This secondary data analysis examined the prevalence of physical and sexual dating violence victimization among subgroups of Latino adolescents and associations of parent communication, parent caring, and dating violence victimization using data from the 2010 Minnesota Student Survey (N = 4,814). Parallel analyses were conducted for Latino-only and multiple-race Latino adolescents, stratified by gender. Multivariate logistic regression models tested associations between race/ethnicity, parent communication, perceived parent caring, and adolescent dating violence experiences. Overall, 7.2% to 16.2% of Latinos reported physical or sexual dating violence. Both types of dating violence were more prevalent among multiple-race Latinos than among Latino-only adolescents, with prevalence rates highest among multiple-race Latino females (19.8% and 19.7% for physical and sexual dating violence victimization, respectively). In multivariate models, perceived parent caring was the most important protective factor against physical and sexual dating violence among males and females. High levels of mother and father communication were associated with less physical violence victimization among males and females and with less sexual violence victimization among females. Results highlight the importance of parent communication and parent caring as buffers against dating violence victimization for Latino youth. These findings indicate potential for preventive interventions with Latino adolescents targeting family connectedness to address dating violence victimization.

  15. Factores de riesgo del intento suicida en adolescentes del policlínico René Vallejo de Bayamo

    OpenAIRE

    Idelis Fedeslinda Arias de la Torre

    2015-01-01

    El suicidio, además de constituir un drama de la existencia humana, en muchos países es un problema de salud. El objetivo de esta investigación es identificar los factores de riesgo, asociados al intento suicida en adolescentes del policlínico “René Vallejo” del municipio de Bayamo en el año 2013. Se realizó un estudio de casos y controles, utilizando como universo los 43 casos que realizaron intento suicida en ese año. El grupo de casos fueron 37 adolescentes que realizaron el intento suicid...

  16. Les premiers textes de René Thom sur la morphogenèse et la linguistique : 1966-1970.

    OpenAIRE

    Petitot, Jean

    2015-01-01

    Au milieu des années 1960, René Thom commença à rédiger ses premiers textes sur les applications à la morphogenèse en biologie et à la syntaxe actantielle en linguistique de la théorie des déploiements universels de singularités de fonctions differentiables et de la stabilité structurelle. Cette note présente et commente ses cinq premiers articles dans ces domaines.

  17. Combined renin inhibition/(prorenin receptor blockade in diabetic retinopathy--a study in transgenic (mREN227 rats.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wendy W Batenburg

    Full Text Available Dysfunction of renin-angiotensin system (RAS contributes to the pathogenesis of diabetic retinopathy (DR. Prorenin, the precursor of renin is highly elevated in ocular fluid of diabetic patients with proliferative retinopathy. Prorenin may exert local effects in the eye by binding to the so-called (prorenin receptor ((PRR. Here we investigated the combined effects of the renin inhibitor aliskiren and the putative (PRR blocker handle-region peptide (HRP on diabetic retinopathy in streptozotocin (STZ-induced diabetic transgenic (mRen227 rats (a model with high plasma prorenin levels as well as prorenin stimulated cytokine expression in cultured Müller cells. Adult (mRen227 rats were randomly divided into the following groups: (1 non-diabetic; (2 diabetic treated with vehicle; (3 diabetic treated with aliskiren (10 mg/kg per day; and (4 diabetic treated with aliskiren+HRP (1 mg/kg per day. Age-matched non-diabetic wildtype Sprague-Dawley rats were used as control. Drugs were administered by osmotic minipumps for three weeks. Transgenic (mRen227 rat retinas showed increased apoptotic cell death of both inner retinal neurons and photoreceptors, increased loss of capillaries, as well as increased expression of inflammatory cytokines. These pathological changes were further exacerbated by diabetes. Aliskiren treatment of diabetic (mRen227 rats prevented retinal gliosis, and reduced retinal apoptotic cell death, acellular capillaries and the expression of inflammatory cytokines. HRP on top of aliskiren did not provide additional protection. In cultured Müller cells, prorenin significantly increased the expression levels of IL-1α and TNF-α, and this was completely blocked by aliskiren or HRP, their combination, (PRR siRNA and the AT1R blocker losartan, suggesting that these effects entirely depended on Ang II generation by (PRR-bound prorenin. In conclusion, the lack of effect of HRP on top of aliskiren, and the Ang II-dependency of the ocular

  18. Edward Denison, Guang Yu Ren, Luke Him Sau Architect: China’s Missing Modern, Chichester: John Wiley & Son

    OpenAIRE

    Kögel, Eduard

    2016-01-01

    This book by Edward Denison and Guang Yu Ren is one of the first of its kind, focusing on the biography of a first-generation architect from twentieth-century China. Like his fellow architects of that period, Luke Him Sau (Lu Qianshou, 陸謙受, 1904-1991) belonged to a group of architects educated at a Western school with a formal academic tradition. In late 1930s this generation designed the curricula for the architectural education system in China according to their experience in the West. The ...

  19. Factores de riesgo del intento suicida en adolescentes del policlínico René Vallejo de Bayamo

    OpenAIRE

    Idelis Fedeslinda Arias de la Torre

    2015-01-01

    El suicidio, además de constituir un drama de la existencia humana, en muchos países es un problema de salud. El objetivo de esta investigación es identificar los factores de riesgo, asociados al intento suicida en adolescentes del policlínico “René Vallejo” del municipio de Bayamo en el año 2013. Se realizó un estudio de casos y controles, utilizando como universo los 43 casos que realizaron intento suicida en ese año. El grupo de casos fueron 37 adolescentes que realizaron el intento suicid...

  20. A ordem secreta das coisas: René Magritte e o jogo do visível

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    A obra de René Magritte, longe dos holofotes do Surrealismo, é uma obra silenciosa. Uma pintura voltada para o pensamento, para a análise das imagens, da linguagem e da representação. Magritte dedicou a maior parte de sua vida a essa pesquisa incansável e, o tempo inteiro, a duas perguntas: qual o lugar da imagem? Qual o lugar da palavra? Neste texto, adoto a estratégia de me aproximar de sua obra por uma via tortuosa e incerta. Assim, faço recuar a um tempo mítico, a questão que subjaz à sua...

  1. Sex differences in baroreflex sensitivity, heart rate variability, and end organ damage in the TGR(mRen2)27 rat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Megan S; DeMarco, Vincent G; Heesch, Cheryl M; Whaley-Connell, Adam T; Schneider, Rebecca I; Rehmer, Nathan T; Tilmon, Roger D; Ferrario, Carlos M; Sowers, James R

    2011-10-01

    The aim of this investigation was to evaluate sex differences in baroreflex and heart rate variability (HRV) dysfunction and indexes of end-organ damage in the TG(mRen2)27 (Ren2) rat, a model of renin overexpression and tissue renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system overactivation. Blood pressure (via telemetric monitoring), blood pressure variability [BPV; SD of systolic blood pressure (SBP)], spontaneous baroreflex sensitivity, HRV [HRV Triangular Index (HRV-TI), standard deviation of the average NN interval (SDNN), low and high frequency power (LF and HF, respectively), and Poincaré plot analysis (SD1, SD2)], and cardiovascular function (pressure-volume loop analysis and proteinuria) were evaluated in male and female 10-wk-old Ren2 and Sprague Dawley rats. The severity of hypertension was greater in Ren2 males (R2-M) than in Ren2 females (R2-F). Increased BPV, suppression of baroreflex gain, decreased HRV, and associated end-organ damage manifested as cardiac dysfunction, myocardial remodeling, elevated proteinuria, and tissue oxidative stress were more pronounced in R2-M compared with R2-F. During the dark cycle, HRV-TI and SDNN were negatively correlated with SBP within R2-M and positively correlated within R2-F; within R2-M, these indexes were also negatively correlated with end-organ damage [left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH)]. Furthermore, within R2-M only, LVH was strongly correlated with indexes of HRV representing predominantly vagal (HF, SD1), but not sympathetic (LF, SD2), variability. These data demonstrated relative protection in females from autonomic dysfunction and end-organ damage associated with elevated blood pressure in the Ren2 model of hypertension.

  2. Behandlungseffekte bei Rückenschmerzpatienten : Studie im Bereich der stationären orthopädischen Rehabilitation unter Berücksichtigung von Chronifizierung und Behandlungsdauer

    OpenAIRE

    Ünlü, Ali Ihsan

    2006-01-01

    Rückenschmerzen gehören zu den häufigsten Krankheitsbildern der westlichen Industriestaaten. Problematisch sind nicht die akuten sondern die chronischen Rückenschmerzen, da sie Element eines komplexen Beschwerden-Syndroms sind und daher eine besondere Bedeutung für den Betroffenen sowie für das Gesundheits- und Sozialsystem haben. Deshalb ist eine effektive und nachhaltige Therapie der Rückenerkrankungen, z. B. im Rahmen einer stationären Rehabilitation, sehr wichtig. Während der Rehabili...

  3. Das Leib-Seele-Problem im medizinhistorischen Kontext : ein kritischer Vergleich von René Descartes und António Damásio

    OpenAIRE

    Dorsch, Marianne Cornelia

    2016-01-01

    This doctoral thesis compares the theories of both René Descartes and António Damásio regarding their examination of the mind-body problem. The pivotal question of the mind-body problem is how mental states behave to physical states. René Descartes represents an interactional dualism looking at body and mind as different entities on the one hand, but also positing a relationship between body and mind on the other. Damásio criticizes Descartes’ dualism based on his knowledge of modern neurosci...

  4. En påle genom Dracula-filmernas hjärta? : En komparativ analys av adaptationer av Bram Stokers Dracula (1897) från åren 2000-2014

    OpenAIRE

    Bahrman, Alexander

    2016-01-01

    En komparativ analys av adaptationer av Bram Stokers Dracula (1897) från åren 2000-2014 med syfte att undersöka resultatet av nästan 100 år av adaptationer och ett mål för att verkställa om en filmkanon har skapats kring karaktären.

  5. En påle genom Dracula-filmernas hjärta? : En komparativ analys av adaptationer av Bram Stokers Dracula (1897) från åren 2000-2014

    OpenAIRE

    Bahrman, Alexander

    2016-01-01

    En komparativ analys av adaptationer av Bram Stokers Dracula (1897) från åren 2000-2014 med syfte att undersöka resultatet av nästan 100 år av adaptationer och ett mål för att verkställa om en filmkanon har skapats kring karaktären.

  6. The effects of social connectedness and need satisfaction on wellbeing in older adults

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zoe Moore

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Aims: Research has established the importance of social connectedness, or relatedness, in contributing to wellbeing in older adults. However, there is strong evidence, informed by the Basic Psychological Needs Theory, that satisfaction of autonomy and competence needs is equally important. Drawing on this theoretical framework, we investigated its relevance to the wellbeing of older adults living independently in the community. Method: Phase 1: Wellbeing measures in an online survey were validated by a university population sample (n=178. The university sample was made up of 38 men and 106 women with a mean age of 38 years. Phase 2: Adults aged 60 and over (n=89 completed a paper survey. Of these, 31 participants were men and 55 were women, with a mean age of 71 years. Measures included the Balanced Measure of Psychological Needs, Satisfaction with Life Scale and the Scale of Positive and Negative Affect. Results: For both population samples, satisfaction with life and positive affect were most highly correlated with relatedness. However, the importance of the contribution to wellbeing of each of the three needs changed with age. In the university sample, the contributions of autonomy and competence to a composite wellbeing variable (life satisfaction and positive affect increased for participants aged 47 and over. For the over 60 age group, the contribution of competence increased further. There was also a significant interaction between competence and relatedness in relation to wellbeing. At both low and average levels of relatedness, competence made a significant contribution to wellbeing. Conclusions: These findings suggest that experiences of competence are important to older adults. We discuss the implications of this for optimising wellbeing in this age group.

  7. Hybrid PET/MRI co-segmentation based on joint fuzzy connectedness and graph cut.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sbei, Arafet; ElBedoui, Khaoula; Barhoumi, Walid; Maksud, Philippe; Maktouf, Chokri

    2017-10-01

    Tumor segmentation from hybrid PET/MRI scans may be highly beneficial in radiotherapy treatment planning. Indeed, it gives for both modalities the suitable information that could make the delineation of tumors more accurate than using each one apart. We aim in this work to propose a co-segmentation method that deals with several challenges, notably the lack of one-to-one correspondence between tumors of the two modalities and the boundaries' smoothing. The proposed method is designed to surpass these limits, we propose a segmentation method based on the GCsum(max) technique. The method takes the advantage of Iterative Relative Fuzzy Connectedness (IRFC) on seeds initialization, and the standard min-cut/max-flow technique for the boundary smoothing. Seed initialization was accurately performed thanks to high uptake regions on PET. Besides, a visibility weighting scheme was adapted to achieve the task of co-segmentation using the IRFC algorithm. Then, given the co-segmented regions, we introduce a morphological-based technique that provides object seeds to standard Graph Cut (GC) allowing it to avoid the shrinking problem. Finally, for each modality, the segmentation task is formulated as an energy minimization problem which is resolved by a min-cut/max-flow technique. The overlap ratio (denoted DSC) between our segmentation results and the ground-truth for PET images is 92.63  ±  1.03, while the DSC for MRI images is 90.61  ±  3.70. The proposed method was tested on different types of diseases and it outperformed the state-of-the-art methods. We show its superiority in terms of assymetric relation between PET and MRI and tumors heterogeneity. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  8. Estimation of genetic connectedness diagnostics based on prediction errors without the prediction error variance-covariance matrix.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holmes, John B; Dodds, Ken G; Lee, Michael A

    2017-03-02

    An important issue in genetic evaluation is the comparability of random effects (breeding values), particularly between pairs of animals in different contemporary groups. This is usually referred to as genetic connectedness. While various measures of connectedness have been proposed in the literature, there is general agreement that the most appropriate measure is some function of the prediction error variance-covariance matrix. However, obtaining the prediction error variance-covariance matrix is computationally demanding for large-scale genetic evaluations. Many alternative statistics have been proposed that avoid the computational cost of obtaining the prediction error variance-covariance matrix, such as counts of genetic links between contemporary groups, gene flow matrices, and functions of the variance-covariance matrix of estimated contemporary group fixed effects. In this paper, we show that a correction to the variance-covariance matrix of estimated contemporary group fixed effects will produce the exact prediction error variance-covariance matrix averaged by contemporary group for univariate models in the presence of single or multiple fixed effects and one random effect. We demonstrate the correction for a series of models and show that approximations to the prediction error matrix based solely on the variance-covariance matrix of estimated contemporary group fixed effects are inappropriate in certain circumstances. Our method allows for the calculation of a connectedness measure based on the prediction error variance-covariance matrix by calculating only the variance-covariance matrix of estimated fixed effects. Since the number of fixed effects in genetic evaluation is usually orders of magnitudes smaller than the number of random effect levels, the computational requirements for our method should be reduced.

  9. Fitting in and feeling good: the relationships among peer alignment, instructor connectedness, and self-efficacy in undergraduate satisfaction with engineering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Micari, Marina; Pazos, Pilar

    2016-07-01

    This study examined the relationships among peer alignment (the feeling that one is similar in important ways to one's engineering peers), instructor connectedness (the sense that one knows and looks up to academic staff/faculty members in the department), self-efficacy for engineering class work (confidence in one's ability to successfully complete engineering class work), and engineering students' satisfaction with the major. A total of 135 sophomore (second-year university students) and junior (third-year students) engineering students were surveyed to measure these three variables. A multiple regression analysis showed that self-efficacy, peer alignment, and instructor connectedness predicted student satisfaction with the major, and that self-efficacy acted as a mediator between both peer alignment and instructor connectedness on the one hand, and satisfaction on the other. The authors offer suggestions for practice based on the results.

  10. [Scientific revolution and embryology: rejection or transformation of antiquity? A comparison between the procreation teachings of Cesare Cremonini, William Harvey und René Descartes].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lo Presti, Roberto

    2014-01-01

    In this paper I address the issue of the theoretical and epistemological status of embryology at the rise of the so-called "Scientific Revolution" (also in the first half of the seventeenth-century) and raise the question, in what sense and to what extent the historiographical concept of "Scientific Revolution" is applicable to the domain of embryology. To achieve this aim I compare the theories of three protagonists of the medical, scientific and philosophical debate of that age, namely Cesare Cremonini, William Harvey and René Descartes, who had very different views on the world structure and human nature and a very different concept of science, but who shared, as concerns embryological issues, an epigenetic conception of the development of the embryo. Their theories are discussed and compared in light of following questions: 1) What do Cremonini's, Harvey's and Descartes's embryological theories exactly aim to?; 2) In developing their theories, do these thinkers deal explicitly or implicitly with the Aristotelian and the Galenic embryological paradigm?; 3)Do they refer polemically to the Aristotelian and the Galenic tradition and what theoretical and/or rhetorical function have these polemical references?; 4) Do the embryological theories of Cremonini, Harvey and Descartes reflect the century-long dispute between "(Aristotelian) philosophers" and "(Galenic) doctors"?; 5) How is represented embryology as a 'scientific' and/or 'theoretical' domain? And what relationship between concepts of 'truth', 'research', 'tradition' and 'scientific progress' is implied or proposed in the embryological works of these three thinkers? What kind of use do Cremonini, Harvey and Descartes make of the argumenta ex ratione and of those ex experientia?

  11. Unintended consequences of Ze Ren Zhi reforms in China: interplay of agricultural reform and population control policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yen, W; Carter, L F

    1993-01-01

    The aim of the discussion of unintended consequences of Ze Ren Zhi policy reforms in China is to show how isolating problems and developing solutions in isolation can lead to serious consequences. The Ze Ren Zhi reforms in 1978 were intended to increase agricultural productivity by changing from the collective system to an individual responsibility system, but the unintended and undesirable consequences were a growth in family size and discouragement of some environmentally sound land use practices. The prior system gave an equal share of collective income for an equal number of days worked. Under the new reform, "Baochan Daohu," each household had responsibility for a contracted quantity of grain production. Within 2-4 years, economic conditions improved considerably. A discussion is provided of the transition from rights and duties of the collectives to the new responsibility system and the experimentation with different systems. Specific attention is directed to land reforms, mutual aid teams, cooperatives, communes, variations of Ze Ren Zhi, contracting output to individual laborers, contracting jobs to households, and contracting output quotas to households. During the reforms, beginning in the 1950s and lasting until 1978, other changes were taking place. Death rates were declining and birth rates were increasing, such that in 1971 a campaign was established to promote the Late, Sparse, and Few policy for marrying and giving birth later, increasing birth intervals, and having fewer children. This voluntary program eventually took on a more universally mandatory nature. The 1950 Marriage Law stipulated 20 years as the legal age for marriage (18 years for females), and family planning (FP) workers during the 1970s were encouraging even later marriage, and by 1980 a system of rewards and penalties was established to reinforce small family size. After 1978 and a period of birth declines, the crude birth rate increased to 3.06 in 1983. The new responsibility

  12. RUN1 and REN1 Pyramiding in Grapevine (Vitis vinifera cv. Crimson Seedless) Displays an Improved Defense Response Leading to Enhanced Resistance to Powdery Mildew (Erysiphe necator).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agurto, Mario; Schlechter, Rudolf O; Armijo, Grace; Solano, Esteban; Serrano, Carolina; Contreras, Rodrigo A; Zúñiga, Gustavo E; Arce-Johnson, Patricio

    2017-01-01

    Fungal pathogens are the cause of the most common diseases in grapevine and among them powdery mildew represents a major focus for disease management. Different strategies for introgression of resistance in grapevine are currently undertaken in breeding programs. For example, introgression of several resistance genes (R) from different sources for making it more durable and also strengthening the plant defense response. Taking this into account, we cross-pollinated P09-105/34, a grapevine plant carrying both RUN1 and REN1 pyramided loci of resistance to Erysiphe necator inherited from a pseudo-backcrossing scheme with Muscadinia rotundifolia and Vitis vinifera 'Dzhandzhal Kara,' respectively, with the susceptible commercial table grape cv. 'Crimson Seedless.' We developed RUN1REN1 resistant genotypes through conventional breeding and identified them by marker assisted selection. The characterization of defense response showed a highly effective defense mechanism against powdery mildew in these plants. Our results reveal that RUN1REN1 grapevine plants display a robust defense response against E. necator, leading to unsuccessful fungal establishment with low penetration rate and poor hypha development. This resistance mechanism includes reactive oxygen species production, callose accumulation, programmed cell death induction and mainly VvSTS36 and VvPEN1 gene activation. RUN1REN1 plants have a great potential as new table grape cultivars with durable complete resistance to E. necator, and are valuable germplasm to be included in grape breeding programs to continue pyramiding with other sources of resistance to grapevine diseases.

  13. Katheterbasierte renale Sympathikus-Denervation zur Behandlung der therapierefraktären Hypertonie - Eine kritische Übersicht zu einer vielversprechenden Therapie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schillinger M

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Die katheterbasierte renale Denervation stellt eine vielversprechende, derzeit jedoch noch experimentelle Methode zur Behandlung der refraktären Hypertonie dar. Der vorliegende Übersichtsartikel fasst die aktuelle Studienlage zusammen und beleuchtet einige kritische und ungeklärte Aspekte der Methode.

  14. Tagging SNPs in REN, AGTR1 and AGTR2 genes and response of renin activity, angiotensin II and aldosterone concentrations to antihypertensive treatment in Kazakans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, Weili; Zhang, Yuanming; Shan, Zimei; Wang, Qian; Huang, Yongdi; Wang, Chenchen; Yan, Kai

    2011-12-01

    Polymorphisms of REN, AGTR1 and AGTR2 may be associated with responses of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) activity phenotypes to angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) antihypertensive treatment. A total of 400 first diagnosed Kazak hypertensives were randomly allocated to two groups and received a 3-week course of either captopril and atenolol as monotherapy under double blinding. Genotype-phenotype association analyses were performed by covariance analyses between baseline level and responses of blood pressure, renin, angiotensin II and aldosterone concentrations with tagging single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in REN, AGTR1 and AGTR2 genes. A false discovery rate method was used to adjust multiple testing. After adjustment for multiple testing, we found that the G allele of rs6676670 (T/G) in intron 1 of REN was significantly associated with higher baseline aldosterone concentrations (p < 0.0001, explained variance (EV) = 2.3%). Significant associations after adjustments were also found between the A allele of rs2887284, with higher baseline renin activity (p = 0.022, EV = 1.0%), higher responses of renin (p = 0.018 EV = 5.4%), and higher responses of angiotensin II (p = 0.0255, EV = 3.13%) to the treatment of ACEI. The carriers of the A allele of rs2887284 appeared to be more sensitive to the ACEI treatment. rs2887284 in intron 9 of REN is associated with the response of renin and angiotensin II levels to ACEI treatment.

  15. To Be "as" Not to Be: In Search of an Alternative Humanism in the Light of Early Daoism and Deconstruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hung, Ruyu

    2015-01-01

    Humanism and humanistic education have been recognised as an issue of the utmost importance, whether in the East or in the West. Underpinning the Eastern and Western humanism is a common belief that there is an essence or essences of humanness. In the Confucian tradition, the core of humanity lies in the idea of "ren"; in the Platonic…

  16. To Be "as" Not to Be: In Search of an Alternative Humanism in the Light of Early Daoism and Deconstruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hung, Ruyu

    2015-01-01

    Humanism and humanistic education have been recognised as an issue of the utmost importance, whether in the East or in the West. Underpinning the Eastern and Western humanism is a common belief that there is an essence or essences of humanness. In the Confucian tradition, the core of humanity lies in the idea of "ren"; in the Platonic…

  17. Awareness of demands and unfairness and the importance of connectedness and security: Teenage girls’ lived experiences of their everyday lives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva-Lena Einberg

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, a number of studies have demonstrated that stress and mental health problems have increased among adolescents and especially among girls, although little is still known concerning what girls experience in their everyday lives. The aim of this study was to describe the phenomenon of teenage girls’ everyday lives, as experienced by the girls themselves. A phenomenological approach of reflective lifeworld research was used, and the findings are based on eight qualitative interviews with girls aged 13–16 years. The essence of teenage girls’ everyday lives as experienced by the girls themselves can be described as consciousness regarding demands and unfairness and regarding the importance of connectedness and security. The girls are aware of the demands of appearance and success, and they are conscious of the gender differences in school and in the media that affect them. The girls are also conscious about the meaning of connectedness with friends and family, as well as the importance of the security of their confidence in friends and feeling safe where they stay. If teenage girls feel connected and secure, protective factors in the form of manageability and meaningfulness can act as a counterweight to the demands and unfairness of everyday life. For professionals who work with teenage girls, the results from this study can be important in their work to support these girls.

  18. Potential of telepresence robots to enhance social connectedness in older adults with dementia: an integrative review of feasibility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moyle, Wendy; Arnautovska, Urska; Ownsworth, Tamara; Jones, Cindy

    2017-09-07

    Socially assistive robots are increasingly used as a therapeutic tool for people with dementia, as a means to improve quality of life through social connection. This paper presents a mixed-method integrative review of telepresence robots used to improve social connection of people with dementia by enabling real-time communication with their carers. A systematic search of Medline, ProQuest, PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, CINAHL, EMBASE, and the Cochrane library was conducted to gather available evidence on the use of telepresence robots, specifically videoconferencing, to improve social connectedness, in people with dementia. A narrative synthesis was used to analyze the included studies. A review of 1,035 records, identified four eligible peer-reviewed publications, reporting findings about three different mobile telepresence robots. The study designs included qualitative and mixed-methods approaches, focusing primarily on examining the feasibility and acceptability of the telepresence robots within the context of dementia care. These studies reported both positive outcomes of using telepresence robots to connect people with dementia to others, as well as barriers, such as a lack of experience in using a robot and technological issues. Although limited, the current literature suggests that telepresence robots have potential utility for improving social connectedness of people with dementia and their carers. However, more systematic feasibility studies are needed to inform the development of telepresence robots followed by clinical trials to establish efficacy within dementia care.

  19. Une lettre inédite de René Dumesnil à Marcel Proust du 19 janvier 1920

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pyra Wise

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available PrésentationJusqu’à ce jour le lecteur de la correspondance de Proust connaissait l’existence d’une lettre de René Dumesnil félicitant Proust pour son article « À propos du "style" de Flaubert », paru dans la Nouvelle Revue française, le 1er janvier 1920. Mais il ne pouvait en lire qu’un extrait de moins de deux phrases, non daté, puisque l’éditeur de cette correspondance, Philip Kolb, n’avait pas eu accès à la lettre autographe et s’était vu obligé de reprendre le très court extrait publié e...

  20. [Individual significance and growing complexity: contributions of Sigmund Freud and René Spitz to developmental psychology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emde, R N

    1998-01-01

    Contributions of Sigmund Freud and René Spitz to developmental psychology are presented in terms of today's research. The work of each of these pioneers draws our attention to the need for increasing our knowledge about the meaning of individual experience and increasing complexity in the course of development. Freud's contribution to today's developmental thinking is reviewed in terms of his observations of play, his schematic perspectives on developmental processes, and his innovative theoretical approaches involving nonconscious mental activity in the context of constructivism. Spitz's contribution to today's thinking is reviewed according to a similar array of topics. These include his observational assessments of infants, his schematic perspectives on developmental processes, and his innovative theoretical approaches involving affective communications in the context of caregiving.

  1. Prof. CHEN Ke-ji Winning the Prize of "Ren Ji Cup" for International Contribution to Chinese Medicine by WFCMS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ In order to promote the exchange and cooperation of Chinese medicine among the states and regions globally and fasten the step of Chinese medicine to the world, the World Federation of Chinese Medicine Societies (WFCMS) has set up an award for those who have greatly contributed to medical treatment, education, scientific research of Chinese medicine, and the establishment of the statutory registration of Chinese medicine. The First International Contribution to Chinese Medicine Award Ceremony was held on April 10 at the Great Hall of the People in China. Prof. CHEN Ke-ji (China), Lin Tzi Chang (Australia) and David Molony (U.S.A) were awarded "Ren Ji Cup", the Prize for International Contribution to Chinese Medicine.

  2. The Nothingness of the Anguish in Søren Kierkegaard’s work as Modernity’s Infernal Redemption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisc-Norbert Ormeny

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The intention of this short study is to discuss the reverberations of Søren Kierkegaard’s philosophical considerations on anguish and on void in the context of the latest postmodern theoretical trends (Ben Woodard’s dark vitalism, by presenting the mechanisms by means of which the anguish gets to produce an “existential switch” which extracts the individual from the register of disintegration and introduces him into the register of the project (Heideggerianly speaking. I will try to demonstrate the compatibility between the structures of the late modernity and the Kierkegaardian vision on tension and on paradox, and will I will attempt to connect the possible findings to the relevant and congenial phenomenological, existentialist and aesthetic theories or set of theories circulating in today’s exegetical canon

  3. Activation of angiotensin-(1-7)/Mas axis in the brain lowers blood pressure and attenuates cardiac remodeling in hypertensive transgenic (mRen2)27 rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kangussu, Lucas M; Guimaraes, Priscila S; Nadu, Ana Paula; Melo, Marcos B; Santos, Robson A S; Campagnole-Santos, Maria Jose

    2015-10-01

    Activation of the peripheral angiotensin-(1-7)/Mas axis of the renin-angiotensin system produces important cardioprotective actions, counterbalancing the deleterious actions of an overactivity of Ang II/AT1 axis. In the present study we evaluated whether the chronic increase in Ang-(1-7) levels in the brain could ameliorate cardiac disorders observed in transgenic (mRen2)27 hypertensive rats through actions on Mas receptor. Sprague Dawley (SD) and transgenic (mRen2)27 hypertensive rats, instrumented with telemetry probe for arterial pressure (AP) measurement were subjected to 14 days of ICV infusion of Ang-(1-7) (200 ng/h) or Ang-(1-7) associated with Mas receptor antagonist (A779, 1 μg/h) or 0.9% sterile saline (0.5 μl/h) through osmotic mini-pumps. Ang-(1-7) infusion in (mRen2)27 rats reduced blood pressure, normalized the baroreflex control of HR, restored cardiac autonomic balance, reduced cardiac hypertrophy and pre-fibrotic alterations and decreased the altered imbalance of Ang II/Ang-(1-7) in the heart. In addition, there was an attenuation of the increased levels of atrial natriuretic peptide, brain natriuretic peptide, collagen I, fibronectin and TGF-β in the heart of (mRen2)27 rats. Furthermore, most of these effects were mediated in the brain by Mas receptor, since were blocked by its selective antagonist, A779. These data indicate that increasing Ang-(1-7) levels in the brain can attenuate cardiovascular disorders observed in (mRen2)27 hypertensive rats, probably by improving the autonomic balance to the heart due to centrally-mediated actions on Mas receptor. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Determination of heavy metals and metals levels in five fish species from Işıklı Dam Lake and Karacaören Dam Lake (Turkey).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalyoncu, Leyla; Kalyoncu, Hasan; Arslan, Gülşin

    2012-04-01

    The concentrations of heavy metals and metals (Zn, Pb, Bi, Cd, Ni, Co, Fe, Mn, Mg, Cu, Cr, Ca, Sr, Na, Li, K) were measured in muscle of five species Cyprinus carpio (from Işıklı dam), Scardinius erythrophthalmus (from Işıklı dam), Tinca tinca (from Işıklı dam), C. carpio (from Karacaören dam), Carassius carassius (from Karacaören dam) caught from Işıklı and Karacaören. The highest metal was Na (466.95 μg/g) in C. carassius, while the lowest levels were Fe (0.37 μg/g) and Cu (0.37 μg/g) in C. carpio from Işıklı dam. The mean concentrations μg/g d.w. some of heavy metals in muscle of C. carpio (from Işıklı dam), S. erythrophthalmus (from Işıklı dam), T. tinca (from Işıklı dam), C. carpio (from Karacaören dam), C. carassius (from Karacaören dam) were as follows: Cd 2.00-2.10-1.95-2.06-2.27, Zn 4.36-2.64-13.13-13.33-24.47, Pb 1.65-1.24-1.90-2.37-2.41, Co 2.46-2.37-2.48-2.58-2.80, Mg 138.51-154.35-218.59-204.58-202.16, Fe 0.37-2.62-3.17-3.01-12.33, respectively.

  5. Association of the polymorphism 12109g>A from the REN gene as a risk factor for preterm birth

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    Irám P Rodríguez-Sánchez

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Preterm birth is the most important cause of neonatal mortality and morbidity. It is a multifactorial disease with different etiologies, including genetic factors. Genetic variability is represented by single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs in genes of proteins involved in the contractile activity. We determine the association between SNP 12109G> A in REN associated with preterm birth and premature rupture of membrane. Materials and methods: A study of cases (N=112, 22–36 weeks of gestation; mean: 31, 95% confidence interval 30.7–32.2 and controls (N=66; 38–40 weeks of gestation from the last menstrual period; mean: 39.8, 95% confidence interval 38.9–39.4 was performed. Genomic DNA was isolated in all patients from peripheral blood. The SNP 12109G> A (Mbo I in REN was typified by PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism. Results: A significant difference in the case group for the SNP 12109G>A was observed. The A allele was increased in women with preterm birth (81% cases vs. 15% control, p A has odds ratio 6.62 (95% confidence interval 3.14–14.15, which means a high risk of preterm birth/premature rupture of membrane in presence of allele A, both in homozygotes and in heterozygotes. Conclusion: Allelic frequency of A of SNP 12109G>A was higher in women with preterm birth than in women with normal vaginal delivery and could be considered a risk factor.

  6. Fitting in and Feeling Good: The Relationships among Peer Alignment, Instructor Connectedness, and Self-Efficacy in Undergraduate Satisfaction with Engineering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Micari, Marina; Pazos, Pilar

    2016-01-01

    This study examined the relationships among peer alignment (the feeling that one is similar in important ways to one's engineering peers), instructor connectedness (the sense that one knows and looks up to academic staff/faculty members in the department), self-efficacy for engineering class work (confidence in one's ability to successfully…

  7. Examining the Role of Self-Disclosure and Connectedness in the Process of Instructional Dissent: A Test of the Instructional Beliefs Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Zac D.; LaBelle, Sara

    2015-01-01

    The current study examined the relationship between student-to-student communicative behaviors and communication outcomes in the college classroom. The instructional beliefs model was used to examine student self-disclosures, student perceptions of connectedness, and student enactment of instructional dissent. Students (N = 351) completed…

  8. Interview with René Yáñez, artist, co-founder of the Galería de la Raza, San Francisco, CA, USA, August 13, 2001 Entretien avec René Yáñez, artiste, co-fondateur de la Galería de la Raza, San Francisco, CA, Etats-Unis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gérard Selbach

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available René Yáñez is an all-round visual artist and visionary, now in his sixties. He came out of the Chicano movement of the 70’s and was instrumental in founding the Galería de la Raza in the Mission district of San Francisco. He remained some fifteen years as its director, curating exhibitions, directing and promoting emerging artists of all kinds. He then worked as director of cultural programming at the Mexican Museum until its closure. René Yáñez co-produced Mexican performance artist Astrid H...

  9. Brief report: Self-blame and PTSD symptoms in adolescents exposed to terrorism: is school connectedness a mediator?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moscardino, Ughetta; Scrimin, Sara; Capello, Fabia; Altoè, Gianmarco

    2014-01-01

    Previous research has shown that self-blame predicts increased risk of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in youth exposed to terrorism, but little is known about the factors mediating such relationship. This study aimed to explore whether school connectedness (SC) mediates the effect of self-blame on PTSD in 60 adolescents (aged 14-18 years) who survived the 2004 terrorist attack against school no. 1 in Beslan, Russia. Participants completed measures of coping, SC, and PTSD three years after the traumatic event. Endorsement of self-blaming behaviors was found to be significantly positively related to the presence of PTSD; self-blame was negatively associated with SC, which in turn was negatively related to PTSD. The mediation hypothesis was supported, with SC partially mediating the link between self-blame and PTSD. Adolescents affected by terrorism may benefit from school-based interventions aimed at fostering students' sense of belonging and emotional bonding to teachers, peers, and the school environment.

  10. Seeing and Being Green? The Effect of Money Priming on Willingness to Perform Sustainable Actions, Social Connectedness, and Prosociality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Capaldi, Colin A; Zelenski, John M

    2016-01-01

    This investigation attempted to conceptually replicate/extend research that suggests that reminders of money can inhibit prosociality, promote self-sufficiency, and influence political beliefs. Based on these results, we hypothesized that money primes would decrease willingness to engage in sustainable actions. We also predicted that people would distribute points less prosocially and feel less socially connected when money was primed. Individuals were recruited from an undergraduate participant pool and MTurk. Meta-analytic results across the two samples revealed that money priming did not have a significant impact on willingness to act sustainably, but it did cause participants to distribute points less prosocially and report lower social connectedness than individuals in the control condition. While effects were smaller than those reported in Vohs, Mead, and Goode (2006), this study still offers support for the detrimental impact of reminders of money on interpersonal relations.

  11. A note on the connectedness locus of the families of polynomials Pc(z=z n - cz n-j

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    Carlos Arteaga

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Let j be a positive integer. For each integer n > j we consider the connectedness locus Mn of the family of polynomials Pc(z = z n - cz n-j, where c is a complex parameter. We prove that lim n→∞ Mn = D in the Hausdorff topology, where D is the unitary closed disk {c;|c|Seja j um inteiro positivo. Para cada inteiro n > j, consideramos o locus conexo Mn da família de polinômios Pc(z = z n - cz n-j, onde c é um parâmetro complexo. Provamos que lim n→∞ Mn = D na topologia de Hausdorff; onde D é o disco unitário {c;|c|<1}.

  12. 18th May 2011 - Chinese State Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs (SAFEA) Deputy Director-General M. LU (State Council of China) in the ATLAS visitors centre with Collaboration Deputy Spokesperson A. Lankford and Collaboration member Z. Ren.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2011-01-01

    18th May 2011 - Chinese State Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs (SAFEA) Deputy Director-General M. LU (State Council of China) in the ATLAS visitors centre with Collaboration Deputy Spokesperson A. Lankford and Collaboration member Z. Ren.

  13. Celebrating Two Centuries since the Invention of the Stethoscope. René Théophile Hyacinthe Laënnec (1781-1826).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomos, Ioannis; Karakatsani, Anna; Manali, Effrosyni D; Papiris, Spyros A

    2016-10-01

    René Théophile Hyacinthe Laënnec (1781-1826), a French physician, is considered one of the pioneers of respiratory medicine. His contribution to the invention of the stethoscope and to the development of clinical auscultation played a key role in the progress of the diagnosis of chest diseases. Almost two centuries after his invention of the stethoscope, his achievements continue to be widely appreciated and used by modern physicians in current pulmonology.

  14. Clinical Efficacy of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Suan Zao Ren Tang, for Sleep Disturbance during Methadone Maintenance: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial

    OpenAIRE

    Yuan-Yu Chan; Yi-Hung Chen; Szu-Nian Yang; Wan-Yu Lo; Jaung-Geng Lin

    2015-01-01

    Methadone maintenance therapy is an effective treatment for opiate dependence, but more than three-quarters of persons receiving the treatment report sleep quality disturbances. In this double-blind, randomized, controlled trial, we recruited 90 individuals receiving methadone for at least one month who reported sleep disturbances and had Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) scores > 5. The purpose of this study was to determine whether Suan Zao Ren Tang, one of the most commonly prescribed ...

  15. Suan Zao Ren Tang in Combination with Zhi Zi Chi Tang as a Treatment Protocol for Insomniacs with Anxiety: A Randomized Parallel-Controlled Trial

    OpenAIRE

    Lin-lin Hu; Xin Zhang; Wen-juan Liu; Mei Li; Yong-hua Zhang

    2015-01-01

    Insomnia is a serious worldwide health problem that is often comorbid with anxiety. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of a Chinese formula containing Suan Zao Ren Tang (SZRT) and Zhi Zi Chi Tang (ZZCT; SZR-ZZC) for improving sleep quality and anxiety states with four indices of Polysomnography (PSG), the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and the Self Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS). Methods. A randomized, parallel-controlled trial...

  16. Management von Patienten vor und nach Implantation eines transjugulären intrahepatischen portosystemischen Shunts (TIPS) - Bericht der Vienna TIPS Study Group

    OpenAIRE

    2003-01-01

    Die Implantation eines transjugulären intrahepatischen portosystemischen Shunts (TIPS) ist ein minimal-invasiver Eingriff zur Therapie und Prävention der Komplikationen von portaler Hypertension durch Senkung des portalvenösen Drucks. In Wien werden seit 1991 TIPS-Implantationen durchgeführt und bis heute wurden über 560 Patienten an 5 verschiedenen Zentren mit TIPS therapiert. Im Rahmen der multizentischen Kooperation wurde es offensichtlich, daß durch ein einheitliches Vorgehen innerhalb de...

  17. Attenuation of salt-induced cardiac remodeling and diastolic dysfunction by the GPER agonist G-1 in female mRen2.Lewis rats.

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    Jewell A Jessup

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: The G protein-coupled estrogen receptor (GPER is expressed in various tissues including the heart. Since the mRen2.Lewis strain exhibits salt-dependent hypertension and early diastolic dysfunction, we assessed the effects of the GPER agonist (G-1, 40 nmol/kg/hr for 14 days or vehicle (VEH, DMSO/EtOH on cardiac function and structure. METHODS: Intact female mRen2.Lewis rats were fed a normal salt (0.5% sodium; NS diet or a high salt (4% sodium; HS diet for 10 weeks beginning at 5 weeks of age. RESULTS: Prolonged intake of HS in mRen2.Lewis females resulted in significantly increased blood pressure, mildly reduced systolic function, and left ventricular (LV diastolic compliance (as signified by a reduced E deceleration time and E deceleration slope, increased relative wall thickness, myocyte size, and mid-myocardial interstitial and perivascular fibrosis. G-1 administration attenuated wall thickness and myocyte hypertrophy, with nominal effects on blood pressure, LV systolic function, LV compliance and cardiac fibrosis in the HS group. G-1 treatment significantly increased LV lusitropy [early mitral annular descent (e'] independent of prevailing salt, and improved the e'/a' ratio in HS versus NS rats (P<0.05 as determined by tissue Doppler. CONCLUSION: Activation of GPER improved myocardial relaxation in the hypertensive female mRen2.Lewis rat and reduced cardiac myocyte hypertrophy and wall thickness in those rats fed a high salt diet. Moreover, these advantageous effects of the GPER agonist on ventricular lusitropy and remodeling do not appear to be associated with overt changes in blood pressure.

  18. Clinical Efficacy of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Suan Zao Ren Tang, for Sleep Disturbance during Methadone Maintenance: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuan-Yu Chan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Methadone maintenance therapy is an effective treatment for opiate dependence, but more than three-quarters of persons receiving the treatment report sleep quality disturbances. In this double-blind, randomized, controlled trial, we recruited 90 individuals receiving methadone for at least one month who reported sleep disturbances and had Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI scores > 5. The purpose of this study was to determine whether Suan Zao Ren Tang, one of the most commonly prescribed traditional Chinese medications for treatment of insomnia, improves subjective sleep among methadone-maintained persons with disturbed sleep quality. Ninety patients were randomly assigned to intervention group (n=45 and placebo group (n=45, and all participants were analyzed. Compared with placebo treatment, Suan Zao Ren Tang treatment for four weeks produced a statistically significant improvement in the mean total PSQI scores (P=0.007 and average sleep efficiency (P=0.017. All adverse events (e.g., lethargy, diarrhea, and dizziness were mild in severity. Suan Zao Ren Tang is effective for improving sleep quality and sleep efficiency among methadone-maintained patients with sleep complaints.

  19. Clinical Efficacy of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Suan Zao Ren Tang, for Sleep Disturbance during Methadone Maintenance: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Yuan-Yu; Chen, Yi-Hung; Yang, Szu-Nian; Lo, Wan-Yu; Lin, Jaung-Geng

    2015-01-01

    Methadone maintenance therapy is an effective treatment for opiate dependence, but more than three-quarters of persons receiving the treatment report sleep quality disturbances. In this double-blind, randomized, controlled trial, we recruited 90 individuals receiving methadone for at least one month who reported sleep disturbances and had Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) scores > 5. The purpose of this study was to determine whether Suan Zao Ren Tang, one of the most commonly prescribed traditional Chinese medications for treatment of insomnia, improves subjective sleep among methadone-maintained persons with disturbed sleep quality. Ninety patients were randomly assigned to intervention group (n = 45) and placebo group (n = 45), and all participants were analyzed. Compared with placebo treatment, Suan Zao Ren Tang treatment for four weeks produced a statistically significant improvement in the mean total PSQI scores (P = 0.007) and average sleep efficiency (P = 0.017). All adverse events (e.g., lethargy, diarrhea, and dizziness) were mild in severity. Suan Zao Ren Tang is effective for improving sleep quality and sleep efficiency among methadone-maintained patients with sleep complaints.

  20. Fatty Acid Composition of the Muscle Lipids of Five Fish Species in Işıklı and Karacaören Dam Lake, Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ozcan Baris Citil

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Total fatty acid composition of muscle lipids in some fish species (Cyprinus carpio (Işıklı Dam Lake, Tinca tinca (Işıklı Dam Lake, Scardinius erythrophthalmus (Işıklı Dam Lake, Cyprinus carpio (Karacaören Dam Lake, and Carassius carassius (Karacaören Dam Lake was determined by gas chromatography. Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs of Cyprinus carpio (Işıklı Dam Lake were found higher than PUFA of other species. Palmitic acid was the highest saturated fatty acid (SFA in Tinca tinca (24.64%. Oleic acid was the highest monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFAs in Cyprinus carpio (Işıklı Dam Lake (19.25%. The most abundant polyunsaturated fatty acid in Scardinius erythrophthalmus was docosahexaenoic acid (DHA (17.94%. Total ω3 fatty acid composition was higher than the total ω6 fatty acids of Cyprinus carpio in both dam lakes. ω3/ω6 rates in Cyprinus carpio (Işıklı Dam Lake, Tinca tinca, Scardinius erythrophthalmus, Cyprinus carpio (Karacaören, and Carassius carassius were 2.12, 1.19, 2.15, 2.87, and 2.82, respectively.

  1. Norbert Ricken, Nicole Balzer (Hg.: Judith Butler: Pädagogische Lektüren. Wiesbaden: Springer VS 2012.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sahra Dornick

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Ausgehend von Judith Butlers subjekt- und gesellschaftstheoretischen Interventionen beleuchten die Autor/-innen des erziehungswissenschaftlich orientierten Sammelbandes unterschiedliche Verhältnisse von Bildung und Geschlecht. In dem klar strukturierten Buch berücksichtigen sie dabei sowohl allgemeine Verflechtungsbeziehungen, theoretische Zusammenhänge als auch empirische Studien und interdiskursive Lektüren. Der solchermaßen umfassend herausgearbeitete Einblick in das erziehungswissenschaftliche Potential von Judith Butlers Theorie rahmt ihren hier erstmalig veröffentlichten Aufsatz „Gender and Education“ überzeugend ein.Based on Judith Butler’s subject- and social-theoretical interventions, the authors of this pedagogy-oriented anthology investigate various relationships of education and gender. This clearly structured book considers general complex interrelationships, theoretical connections, as well as empirical studies and interdiscursive readings. The comprehensive and elaborate insights into the pedagogical potential of Judith Butler’s theory convincingly frame her essay “Gender and Education,” which is published for the first time in this work.

  2. Diatom community and palaeoenvironmental properties of Karacaören diatomite deposits (Nevşehir, Central Anatolia, Turkey)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yıldız, Ayşegül; Gürel, Ali; Dursun, Yusuf Gökhan

    2017-10-01

    The diatom community and palaeoenvironmental properties of volcano genetic diatomite deposits that outcrop in the Karacaören (Nevşehir) area are described. Two stratigraphic sections were measured in the study area. One of these sections was measured in Quaternary lake units (K1), and the other in lacustrine sediments of the late Miocene-Pliocene Ürgüp Formation's Bayramhacılı Member (K2). According to stratigraphic and chemical characteristics of the sections, two distinct paleogeographic domains were determined in the study area. One of these, the shallow lacustrine to fluvial area (Quaternary) which is represented by an alternating sequence of diatomite, silt/mud, and tuffite. The other was the deeper lacustrine stage (late Miocene) which is represented by diatomites with some interbedded mud facies, chert and volcanics. From the diatomite samples of these sections, twenty-five species of 10 different diatom genera were identified. When evaluated together, the ecological properties and the distribution of numerical values of the determined diatom genera and species, showed that the study area's diatomite was generally deposited in shallow, high temperature, nutrient-rich water, where nitrogen and phosphorus were abundant and which was an alkaline (pH > 7) freshwater lake environment. Over time the pH value of the environment decreased (pH < 7), and the environment became acidic.

  3. Suan zao ren tang as an original treatment for sleep difficulty in climacteric women: a prospective clinical observation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeh, Chia-Hao; Arnold, Christof K; Chen, Yen-Hui; Lai, Jung-Nein

    2011-01-01

    Little scientific evidence supports the efficacy of herbal medicines in the treatment of women with sleep difficulty during the climacteric period. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Suan Zao Ren Tang (SZRT) in reducing the impact of sleep disturbance on climacteric women, as measured by Pittsburg sleep quality index (PSQI) and the World Health Organization quality of life (WHOQOL). Sixty-seven climacteric women with sleep difficulty intending to treat received SZRT at a rate of 4.0 g, thrice daily for four weeks (MRS < 16, n = 34; MRS ≥ 16, n = 33). After taking into account potential confounding factors, the mean PSQI total scores had fallen from 13.0 (±2.9) to 9.0 (±3.2) (95% confidence interval -4.93, -3.10). Further analyses showed that SZRT produced superior benefit of daytime dysfunction in women with severe menopausal symptoms (MRS ≥ 16). There were three of the withdrawals involved treatment-related adverse events (stomachache, diarrhea, and dizziness). Excluding women with a past history of stomachache, diarrhea, or dizziness, four weeks of therapy with SZRT appears to be a relatively safe and effective short-term therapeutic option in improving daytime function of climacteric women with poor sleep quality.

  4. Suan Zao Ren Tang as an Original Treatment for Sleep Difficulty in Climacteric Women: A Prospective Clinical Observation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chia-Hao Yeh

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Little scientific evidence supports the efficacy of herbal medicines in the treatment of women with sleep difficulty during the climacteric period. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Suan Zao Ren Tang (SZRT in reducing the impact of sleep disturbance on climacteric women, as measured by Pittsburg sleep quality index (PSQI and the World Health Organization quality of life (WHOQOL. Sixty-seven climacteric women with sleep difficulty intending to treat received SZRT at a rate of 4.0 g, thrice daily for four weeks (MRS<16, n=34; MRS≥16, n=33. After taking into account potential confounding factors, the mean PSQI total scores had fallen from 13.0 (±2.9 to 9.0 (±3.2 (95% confidence interval −4.93, −3.10. Further analyses showed that SZRT produced superior benefit of daytime dysfunction in women with severe menopausal symptoms (MRS≥16. There were three of the withdrawals involved treatment-related adverse events (stomachache, diarrhea, and dizziness. Excluding women with a past history of stomachache, diarrhea, or dizziness, four weeks of therapy with SZRT appears to be a relatively safe and effective short-term therapeutic option in improving daytime function of climacteric women with poor sleep quality.

  5. Experimentelle Untersuchung zur Effektivit(a)t der transarteriellen Immuno-Chemoembolisation des hepatozellul(a)ren Karzinoms im Kleintiermodell

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QIAN Jun; NI Lan; Vossoughi Daryusch; Oppermann Elsie; Maataoui Adel; Vogl Thomas Josef

    2005-01-01

    Zusammenfassung: Evaluierung der kombinierten Therapie bestehend aus transarterieller Chemoembolisation (TACE) und lokaler Immunotherapie des hepatozellul(a) ren Karzinoms (HCC) am Kleintiermodell. Bei m(a)nnlichen ACI-Ratten (n=30) erfolgte nach subkapsul(a)rer Implantation eines soliden Morris Hepatoms (2 mm3) in den linken Leberlappen (Tag 0) die magnettomographische Tumorvolumenbestimmung (V1: Tag 13). Nach retrograder Katheterisierung der Arteria gastroduodenalis wurden die Tiere entsprechend den folgenden Therapieschemata behandelt (Tag 14): (A) TACE (0,1 mg Mitomycin C+0,1 ml Lipiodol)+( TNF (7,5μg)+IL-2 (5×103IU) (n=10); (B) TACE+OK-432 (0,05 mg) +IL-2 (5×103 IU) (n=10); (C) TACE allein (Kontrollgruppe, n=10). Zu Beurteilung des Therapieerfolges der unterschiedlichen Behandlungsprotokolle wurde das Tumorvolumen (V2) erneut magnettomographisch ermittelt (Tag 28). Das durchschnittliche Tumorvolumenverh(a)ltnis (V2/V1) betrug 7,30, 6,53 und 9,14 in Gruppe A, B und C. Im Vergleich zur Kontrollgruppe zeigten die Therapiegruppen A (P<0,05) und B (P<0,01) ein statistisch signifikant geringeres Tumorvolumenverh(a)ltnis (V2/V1). Das Wachstum des induzierten Morris Hepatom wurde unter der kombinierten Therapie von TACE und lokaler Immunotherapie im Tiermodell signifikant, im Vergleich zur Kontrollgruppe, gehemmt.

  6. Professor HE Ren Cancer Referred to the Heart%何任教授治癌心法述要

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈元良

    2011-01-01

    国医大师何任教授,系我国著名中医教育家、临床家,浙江中医药大学终身教授.善治内、妇科,肿瘤及疑难杂症.尤其对肿瘤的诊治,提出了"不断扶正,适时祛邪,随证治之"的十二字心法,是肿瘤疾病论治的高度概括,也是对祖国医学治未病--既病防变的诊释和升华.%The National Hospital Master Professor HE Ren, Department of famous Chinese educators, clinicians, tenured professor of Zhejiang University of Traditional Chinese Medicine. Good governance, the department of gynecolo-gy, oncology and diseases. In particular, the diagnosis and treatment of cancer, proposed a "constantly righting, timely Quxie, with the card rule " Twelve Words Heart, a tumor disease, a highly condensed summary of governance, but also to the motherland medical treatment of disease - both anti - change disease Interpretation and sublimation.

  7. Untersuchungen zum Einfluss von sekundären Pflanzenstoffen auf die Thrombozytenaktivierung

    OpenAIRE

    Rosenkranz, J.T. (Jocheved)

    2012-01-01

    Von PMNL gebildete Sauerstoffradikale oxidieren körpereigene Proteine, die Thrombozyten aktivieren. In dieser Arbeit verwandtes Idea- HSA (= „Immune Defense Altered- Human Serum Albumin“) ist durch das MPO/ HOCl- System oxidiertes Albumin. Der Einfluss des Idea- HSA auf Thrombozyten und Monozyten und die Hemmbarkeit durch Antioxidantien wurde untersucht, ebenso wie der Einfluss von Parthenolid auf die Thrombozytenfunktion im LVAD INCOR Heart (Berlin Hearts AG). Idea- HSA ist ein starker Throm...

  8. “连通感”概念辨析及其对新媒体社交研究与应用设计的启示%A Critique of Connectedness and Its Implication in Researches and Applications of New Media

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毕晓梅

    2011-01-01

    本文试图通过辨析新媒体社交应用设计和新媒体研究中的“连通感”(connectedness/connected presence)及其相关概念“社会临场感”(social presence),明确新媒体设计中所重视的“连通感”的内涵。主张新媒体设计和研究者应该与社会心理学研究者共享知识、沟通经验,从中获得理论滋养,将技术导向有利于人的主观幸福感的方向。%This paper attempts to clarify the meaning of connectedness/connected presence in the area of new media designs and new media researches by criticizing the concept of connectedness and the related concept of social presence. It concludes that new media researchers and designers should communicate and share knowledge with social psychologists in order to increase the positive effect of technology on human.

  9. Strategies for RUN1 Deployment Using RUN2 and REN2 to Manage Grapevine Powdery Mildew Informed by Studies of Race Specificity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feechan, Angela; Kocsis, Marianna; Riaz, Summaira; Zhang, Wei; Gadoury, David M; Walker, M Andrew; Dry, Ian B; Reisch, Bruce; Cadle-Davidson, Lance

    2015-08-01

    The Toll/interleukin-1 receptor nucleotide-binding site leucine-rich repeat gene, "resistance to Uncinula necator 1" (RUN1), from Vitis rotundifolia was recently identified and confirmed to confer resistance to the grapevine powdery mildew fungus Erysiphe necator (syn. U. necator) in transgenic V. vinifera cultivars. However, sporulating powdery mildew colonies and cleistothecia of the heterothallic pathogen have been found on introgression lines containing the RUN1 locus growing in New York (NY). Two E. necator isolates collected from RUN1 vines were designated NY1-131 and NY1-137 and were used in this study to inform a strategy for durable RUN1 deployment. In order to achieve this, fitness parameters of NY1-131 and NY1-137 were quantified relative to powdery mildew isolates collected from V. rotundifolia and V. vinifera on vines containing alleles of the powdery mildew resistance genes RUN1, RUN2, or REN2. The results clearly demonstrate the race specificity of RUN1, RUN2, and REN2 resistance alleles, all of which exhibit programmed cell death (PCD)-mediated resistance. The NY1 isolates investigated were found to have an intermediate virulence on RUN1 vines, although this may be allele specific, while the Musc4 isolate collected from V. rotundifolia was virulent on all RUN1 vines. Another powdery mildew resistance locus, RUN2, was previously mapped in different V. rotundifolia genotypes, and two alleles (RUN2.1 and RUN2.2) were identified. The RUN2.1 allele was found to provide PCD-mediated resistance to both an NY1 isolate and Musc4. Importantly, REN2 vines were resistant to the NY1 isolates and RUN1REN2 vines combining both genes displayed additional resistance. Based on these results, RUN1-mediated resistance in grapevine may be enhanced by pyramiding with RUN2.1 or REN2; however, naturally occurring isolates in North America display some virulence on vines with these resistance genes. The characterization of additional resistance sources is needed to identify

  10. Upward spirals of the heart: autonomic flexibility, as indexed by vagal tone, reciprocally and prospectively predicts positive emotions and social connectedness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kok, Bethany E; Fredrickson, Barbara L

    2010-12-01

    Vagal tone (VT), an index of autonomic flexibility, is linked to social and psychological well-being. We posit that the association between VT and well-being reflects an "upward spiral" in which autonomic flexibility, represented by VT, facilitates capitalizing on social and emotional opportunities and the resulting opportunistic gains, in turn, lead to higher VT. Community-dwelling adults were asked to monitor and report their positive emotions and the degree to which they felt socially connected each day for 9 weeks. VT was measured at the beginning and end of the 9-week period. Adults who possessed higher initial levels of VT increased in connectedness and positive emotions more rapidly than others. Furthermore, increases in connectedness and positive emotions predicted increases in VT, independent of initial VT level. This evidence is consistent with an "upward spiral" relationship of reciprocal causality, in which VT and psychosocial well-being reciprocally and prospectively predict one another.

  11. Writing the City: Søren Kierkegaard’s Urban Walks in Copenhagen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Steiner, Henriette

    2011-01-01

    The early twenty-first century is witnessing a paradigm shift across the humanities away from an obsession with language and towards an engagement with the way in which physical space is imagined. This book showcases the impact of that shift upon the work of diverse disciplines. Applying insights...... from architecture and geography, which have long addressed space, to disciplines that have traditionally focused upon images and language, the contributors demonstrate how integral space is to literary as well as artistic imagining and identity at the same time that they propose novel ways of capturing...... and documenting spatial experience. The thirteen contributors to the book, most of whom live and work in Ireland and are associated with a range of different disciplines in Irish universities, show how the construction and representation of space, both real and imagined, contributes to the exploration...

  12. Effects of Contemplative Dyads on Engagement and Perceived Social Connectedness Over 9 Months of Mental Training: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kok, Bethany E; Singer, Tania

    2017-02-01

    Loneliness is a risk factor for depression and other illnesses and may be caused and reinforced by maladaptive social cognition. Secularized classical meditation training programs address social cognition, but practice typically occurs alone. Little is known about the effectiveness of contemplative practice performed in dyads. To introduce and assess the effectiveness of contemplative dyadic practices relative to classical-solitary meditation with regard to engagement and perceived social connectedness. The ReSource Project was a 9-month open-label efficacy trial of three, 3-month secularized mental training modules. Replacement randomization was used to assign 362 healthy participants in Leipzig and Berlin, Germany. Eligible participants were recruited between November 11, 2012, and February 13, 2013, and between November 13, 2013, and April 30, 2014. Intention-to-treat analyses were conducted. Breathing meditation and body scan (the presence module), loving-kindness meditation and affect dyad (the affect module), and observing-thoughts meditation and perspective dyad (the perspective module). Primary outcomes were self-disclosure and social closeness. Engagement measures included compliance (ie, the mean [95% margin of error] number of meditation sessions that a participant engaged in per week), liking, and motivation to practice. Thirty participants dropped out after assignment to 3 experimental groups; 90 participants were assigned to a retest control that did not complete the main outcome measures; 16 participants provided no state-change data for the affect and perspective modules (226 remaining participants; mean age of 41.15 years; 59.3% female). Results are aggregated across training cohorts. Compliance was similar across the modules: loving-kindness meditation (3.78 [0.18] sessions), affect dyad (3.59 [0.14] sessions), observing-thoughts meditation (3.63 [0.20] sessions), and perspective dyad (3.24 [0.18] sessions). Motivation was higher for meditation

  13. Age-disparity, sexual connectedness and HIV infection in disadvantaged communities around Cape Town, South Africa: a study protocol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aerts Marc

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Crucial connections between sexual network structure and the distribution of HIV remain inadequately understood, especially in regard to the role of concurrency and age disparity in relationships, and how these network characteristics correlate with each other and other risk factors. Social desirability bias and inaccurate recall are obstacles to obtaining valid, detailed information about sexual behaviour and relationship histories. Therefore, this study aims to use novel research methods in order to determine whether HIV status is associated with age-disparity and sexual connectedness as well as establish the primary behavioural and socio-demographic predictors of the egocentric and community sexual network structures. Method/Design We will conduct a cross-sectional survey that uses a questionnaire exploring one-year sexual histories, with a focus on timing and age disparity of relationships, as well as other risk factors such as unprotected intercourse and the use of alcohol and recreational drugs. The questionnaire will be administered in a safe and confidential mobile interview space, using audio computer-assisted self-interview (ACASI technology on touch screen computers. The ACASI features a choice of languages and visual feedback of temporal information. The survey will be administered in three peri-urban disadvantaged communities in the greater Cape Town area with a high burden of HIV. The study communities participated in a previous TB/HIV study, from which HIV test results will be anonymously linked to the survey dataset. Statistical analyses of the data will include descriptive statistics, linear mixed-effects models for the inter- and intra-subject variability in the age difference between sexual partners, survival analysis for correlated event times to model concurrency patterns, and logistic regression for association of HIV status with age disparity and sexual connectedness. Discussion This study design is

  14. Master of Chinese Medicine: the career life of Professor HE Pu-ren%国医大师贺普仁教授治学精神之领悟

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王京喜

    2011-01-01

    With his unique comprehension, theoretical contribution and technique of acupuncture. Professor HE Pu-ren has devoted himself into the career of Chinese Medicine for 70 years. Besides the professional contributions, his academic spirit andidea of humanities are also handed down to the next generation. And it is held that his success rests with the spirit of both imitation of the ancients and innovation as well as the practical idea and insistence.%贺普仁教授从事中医针灸工作至今已70年,其针灸思想、针灸学术、针灸技术独树一帜.除专业学术内容外,同时传承了传统的典型的治学精神和人文理念.“师古”原理之不变,“创新”发展而“不泥”的治学精神和务实执着的基本治学理念是贺老事业成功的基础要素.

  15. Tracing Origin of Chinese Characters, Reasonable and Self-Cultivation:Review on Ren Huo’s Complex of Chinese Characters%品字明理修身任火先生《汉字百味》读后

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李艳

    2016-01-01

    Inspired byRen Huo’s Complex of Chinese Characters,six rules of the formation of Chinese characters are expounded;three genres of the research on Chinese characters are analyzed. Combining with Complexof Chinese Characters,the connotations of loyalty,filial piety,humanity, j ustice,propriety,wisdom and faith are studied.Taking Zhuge Liang,Yu Qian and Zheng Xie as examples,the character of corruption is dissected,to search for the true essence of incorruption from the angle of self-cultivation.%以任火先生《汉字百味》为启发,阐述了汉字造字用字的六个条例,分析了汉字研究的三个取向;结合《汉字百味》,研究了“忠”“孝”“仁”“義”“禮”“智”“信”的内涵;剖析了“腐”字,以诸葛亮、于谦和郑燮为例,从修身角度寻找为官不腐的真谛。

  16. [The influence of ZHU Gong's Huo ren shu (A Book for Savings Life)in the Southern Song Dynasty and its Influence on the discipline of Cold Pathogenic Disease].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Ming-Xin

    2012-11-01

    ZHU Gong's Huo ren shu (A Book for Saving Life) is a famous work in the history of research on Treatise on Cold Damage Diseases. It has great influence on the study of cold pathogenic disease, especially that of the Song dynasty. Many authors reedited or annotated this book to inherit and developed the idea of the Huo ren shu. Thus, a lot of new books, including annotations, revisions, citations, or discussions, appeared. WANG Su's Zeng shi nan yang huo ren shu (Amplified Annotated Huorenshu), for example, is one of them. Those compiled as rhymes or knacks include XU Shu-wei's Shang han bai zheng ge (The Rhymes of Hundred Kinds of Cold Damage Disease), LI Zhi-xian's Huo ren shu kuo (Introduction to Huorenshu), QIAN Wen-li's Shang han bai wen ge (Hundred Questions on Cold Damage Disease), YANG Shi-ying's Shang han lei shu huo ren zong kuo (A General Introduction to Huorenshu, a Classified Book of Cold Damage Disease), and TANG Yin-cai's Shang han jie huo lun (Essay to Answering Suspicions on Cold Damage Disease). Those cited or inherited the book include LI Cheng's Shang han yao zhi (Gist of Cold Damage Disease), GUO Yong's Shang han bu wang lun (Supplements to Cold Damage Disease), SUN Zhi-ning's Shang han jian yao shi shuo (Ten Simple Discourses on Cold Damage Disease), and CHEN Zi-ming's Guan jian da quan liang fang (A Complete Effective Formulary with my Own Opinions). Those differentiating the essentials of the Huorenshu including CHENG Jiong's Huo ren shu bian (Differentiation for Huorenshu), and LU Zu-chang's Ni jin huo ren can tong yu yi (An Elaboration on Huorenshu to be Presented). All the above books indicate the impact of the Huorenshu, and show its influence on later ages as well.

  17. Dynamic fracture development in response to extreme summer temperatures: 27/7/2014, Långören Island, Finland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leith, Kerry; Perras, Matthew; Siren, Topias; Rantanen, Tuomas; Heinonen, Suvi; Loew, Simon

    2017-04-01

    Long periods of exceptionally high temperatures in Finland and California during the summer of 2014 were associated with the formation of large 'exfoliation' or 'sheeting' fractures in bedrock surfaces. Videos taken at both locations show sharp fractures forming along the edge of thin (15,000 years ago), hinting at the rarity of the recent events on the otherwise undamaged surface. In order to uncover the mechanisms driving this remarkable event, we installed a unique low-cost monitoring system to track the behavior of the new Långören Island fracture through the summer of 2016. This included a local meteorological station, Arduino-based rock temperature profiles, acoustic emission measurements, and a 3G-enabled all-in-one PC for live data communication. Coupled with GPR data, field mapping, and a local DEM derived from a 'Go-Pro on a stick' structure from motion capture, we generate a unique insight into the conditions at the time of the 2014 event, and potential active micro-fracturing during a hot period in 2016. Our models suggest rock surface temperatures approached 40°C during 2014, almost ten degrees above the peak air temperature. The mid- to late-afternoon timing of fracturing was associated with peak thermal stress in the upper 1 m of bedrock, consistent with 2016 observations, where measured surface temperatures of around 35°C generate a thermal front that coincides with a series of acoustic emission events on a sensor installed in a borehole near the crest of the fracture.

  18. Functional characterization of the origin of replication of pRN1 from Sulfolobus islandicus REN1H1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joshua, Chijioke J; Perez, Luis D; Keasling, Jay D

    2013-01-01

    Plasmid pRN1 from Sulfolobus islandicus REN1H1 is believed to replicate by a rolling circle mechanism but its origin and mechanism of replication are not well understood. We sought to create minimal expression vectors based on pRN1 that would be useful for heterologous gene expression in S. acidocaldarius, and in the process improve our understanding of the mechanism of replication. We constructed and transformed shuttle vectors that harbored different contiguous stretches of DNA from pRN1 into S. acidocaldarius E4-39, a uracil auxotroph. A 232-bp region 3' of orf904 was found to be critical for pRN1 replication and is therefore proposed to be the putative origin of replication. This 232-bp region contains a 100-bp stem-loop structure believed to be the double-strand origin of replication. The loop of the 100-bp structure contains a GTG tri-nucleotide motif, a feature that was previously reported to be important for the primase activity of Orf904. This putative origin and the associated orf56 and orf904 were identified as the minimal replicon of pRN1 because transformants of plasmids lacking any of these three features were not recovered. Plasmids lacking orf904 and orf56 but harboring the putative origin were transformable when orf904 and orf56 were provided in-trans; a 75-bp region 5' of the orf904 start codon was found to be essential for this complementation. Detailed knowledge of the pRN1 origin of replication will broaden the application of the plasmid as a genetic tool for Sulfolobus species.

  19. Functional characterization of the origin of replication of pRN1 from Sulfolobus islandicus REN1H1.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chijioke J Joshua

    Full Text Available Plasmid pRN1 from Sulfolobus islandicus REN1H1 is believed to replicate by a rolling circle mechanism but its origin and mechanism of replication are not well understood. We sought to create minimal expression vectors based on pRN1 that would be useful for heterologous gene expression in S. acidocaldarius, and in the process improve our understanding of the mechanism of replication. We constructed and transformed shuttle vectors that harbored different contiguous stretches of DNA from pRN1 into S. acidocaldarius E4-39, a uracil auxotroph. A 232-bp region 3' of orf904 was found to be critical for pRN1 replication and is therefore proposed to be the putative origin of replication. This 232-bp region contains a 100-bp stem-loop structure believed to be the double-strand origin of replication. The loop of the 100-bp structure contains a GTG tri-nucleotide motif, a feature that was previously reported to be important for the primase activity of Orf904. This putative origin and the associated orf56 and orf904 were identified as the minimal replicon of pRN1 because transformants of plasmids lacking any of these three features were not recovered. Plasmids lacking orf904 and orf56 but harboring the putative origin were transformable when orf904 and orf56 were provided in-trans; a 75-bp region 5' of the orf904 start codon was found to be essential for this complementation. Detailed knowledge of the pRN1 origin of replication will broaden the application of the plasmid as a genetic tool for Sulfolobus species.

  20. Political violence and State. Readings from René Zavaleta Mercado about authoritarian politics in Latin America

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katherine Salamanca Agudelo

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper is a political analysis from some of the readings of René Zavaleta Mercado about authoritarian politics in Latin America. Rethinking Zavaleta allows us arguing about the regional approach of fascism as an authoritarian modality of state policy (Zavaleta, 1976, 1979. 1984, built on particular sociopolitical conditions. Modality that consequently distances itself from the hegemonic reading assigning to it the conceptual centrality of fascism as an historical phenomenon from early XX century specific to Italy and Germany. In contrast, the readings of Zavaleta allow placing the emphasis on the political question of fascism in the region. This translates in a proposal that question both the historical conditions of its formation/dissolution and the theoretical and methodological approach enabling openings for emancipatory transformation towards egalitarian and democratic ways. Thus, the central argument developed here holds that the main contribution of the author to this theoretical field is rooted in the two aforementioned points. Therefore, this work intends showing how in his analytical work (rooted in the latinoamerican Marxism tradition he realized readings not only descriptive of the historical, economic and political singularities of fascism in various contexts of emergence, but also fundamentally expressed as a political issue to examine. To the author, it implied, in consequence, thinking the conceptual work methodology for the emergence of categories and building an unorthodox approach of Marxism on the topic of the authoritarian modalities of politics, with special attention for local history and knowledge in Bolivia and Latin America. Hereafter, this article proposes discussing this reading of Zavaleta following two axes: I. In the first, from a reconstruction of the readings of fascism as an authoritarian policy modality in Latin America. And the presentation of his conceptualization about the democratic condition as a limit

  1. The Racial School Climate Gap: Within-School Disparities in Students' Experiences of Safety, Support, and Connectedness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Voight, Adam; Hanson, Thomas; O'Malley, Meagan; Adekanye, Latifah

    2015-12-01

    This study used student and teacher survey data from over 400 middle schools in California to examine within-school racial disparities in students' experiences of school climate. It further examined the relationship between a school's racial climate gaps and achievement gaps and other school structures and norms that may help explain why some schools have larger or smaller racial disparities in student reports of climate than others. Multilevel regression results problematized the concept of a "school climate" by showing that, in an average middle school, Black and Hispanic students have less favorable experiences of safety, connectedness, relationships with adults, and opportunities for participation compared to White students. The results also show that certain racial school climate gaps vary in magnitude across middle schools, and in middle schools where these gaps are larger, the racial achievement gap is also larger. Finally, the socioeconomic status of students, student-teacher ratio, and geographic location help explain some cross-school variation in racial climate gaps. These findings have implications for how school climate in conceptualized, measured, and improved.

  2. Exploring the relationship between nature sounds, connectedness to nature, mood and willingness to buy sustainable food: A retail field experiment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spendrup, Sara; Hunter, Erik; Isgren, Ellinor

    2016-05-01

    Nature sounds are increasingly used by some food retailers to enhance in-store ambiance and potentially even influence sustainable food choices. An in-store, 2 × 3 between-subject full factorial experiment conducted on 627 customers over 12 days tested whether nature sound directly and indirectly influenced willingness to buy (WTB) sustainable foods. The results show that nature sounds positively and directly influence WTB organic foods in groups of customers (men) that have relatively low initial intentions to buy. Indirectly, we did not find support for the effect of nature sound on influencing mood or connectedness to nature (CtN). However, we show that information on the product's sustainability characteristics moderates the relationship between CtN and WTB in certain groups. Namely, when CtN is high, sustainability information positively moderated WTB both organic and climate friendly foods in men. Conversely, when CtN was low, men expressed lower WTB organic and climate friendly foods than identical, albeit conventionally labelled products. Consequently, our study concludes that nature sounds might be an effective, yet subtle in-store tool to use on groups of consumers who might otherwise respond negatively to more overt forms of sustainable food information. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. Reanalysis of multi-temporal aerial images of Storglaciären, Sweden (1959–99 – Part 1: Determination of length, area, and volume changes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W. Haeberli

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Storglaciären, located in the Kebnekaise massif in northern Sweden, has a long history of glaciological research. Early photo documentations date back to the late 19th century. Measurements of front position variations and distributed mass balance have been carried out since 1910 and 1945/46, respectively. In addition to these in-situ measurements, aerial photographs have been taken at decadal intervals since the beginning of the mass balance monitoring program and were used to produce topographic glacier maps. Inaccuracies in the maps were a challenge to early attempts to derive glacier volume changes and resulted in major differences when compared to the direct glaciological mass balances. In this study, we reanalyzed dia-positives of the original aerial photographs of 1959, -69, -80, -90 and -99 based on consistent photogrammetric processing. From the resulting digital elevation models and orthophotos, changes in length, area, and volume of Storglaciären were computed between the survey years, including an assessment of related errors. Between 1959 and 1999, Storglaciären lost an ice volume of 19×106 m3, which corresponds to a cumulative ice thickness loss of 5.69 m and a mean annual loss of 0.14 m. This ice loss resulted largely from a strong volume loss during the period 1959–80 and was partly compensated during the period 1980–99. As a consequence, the glacier shows a strong retreat in the 1960s, a slowing in the 1970s, and pseudo-stationary conditions in the 1980s and 1990s.

  4. Acute and chronic systemic CB1 cannabinoid receptor blockade improves blood pressure regulation and metabolic profile in hypertensive (mRen2)27 rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaich, Chris L; Shaltout, Hossam A; Brosnihan, K Bridget; Howlett, Allyn C; Diz, Debra I

    2014-08-01

    We investigated acute and chronic effects of CB1 cannabinoid receptor blockade in renin-angiotensin system-dependent hypertension using rimonabant (SR141716A), an orally active antagonist with central and peripheral actions. In transgenic (mRen2)27 rats, a model of angiotensin II-dependent hypertension with increased body mass and insulin resistance, acute systemic blockade of CB1 receptors significantly reduced blood pressure within 90 min but had no effect in Sprague-Dawley rats. No changes in metabolic hormones occurred with the acute treatment. During chronic CB1 receptor blockade, (mRen2)27 rats received daily oral administration of SR141716A (10 mg/kg/day) for 28 days. Systolic blood pressure was significantly reduced within 24 h, and at Day 21 of treatment values were 173 mmHg in vehicle versus 149 mmHg in drug-treated rats (P < 0.01). This accompanied lower cumulative weight gain (22 vs. 42 g vehicle; P < 0.001), fat mass (2.0 vs. 2.9% of body weight; P < 0.05), and serum leptin (2.8 vs. 6.0 ng/mL; P < 0.05) and insulin (1.0 vs. 1.9 ng/mL; P < 0.01), following an initial transient decrease in food consumption. Conscious hemodynamic recordings indicate twofold increases occurred in spontaneous baroreflex sensitivity (P < 0.05) and heart rate variability (P < 0.01), measures of cardiac vagal tone. The beneficial actions of CB1 receptor blockade in (mRen2)27 rats support the interpretation that an upregulated endocannabinoid system contributes to hypertension and impaired autonomic function in this angiotensin II-dependent model. We conclude that systemic CB1 receptor blockade may be an effective therapy for angiotensin II-dependent hypertension and associated metabolic syndrome.

  5. Central angiotensin-(1-7) improves vagal function independent of blood pressure in hypertensive (mRen2)27 rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nautiyal, Manisha; Shaltout, Hossam A; de Lima, Daniel C; do Nascimento, Kenia; Chappell, Mark C; Diz, Debra I

    2012-11-01

    Hypertensive transgenic (mRen2)27 rats with overexpression of the mRen2 gene have impaired baroreflex sensitivity for heart rate control and high nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase and kinase-to-phosphatase signaling activity in medullary tissue compared with normotensive Hannover Sprague-Dawley control rats. They also exhibit insulin resistance at a young age. To determine whether blocking angiotensin II actions, supplementing angiotensin-(1-7), or scavenging reactive oxygen species in brain differentially alters mean arterial pressure, baroreflex sensitivity, or metabolic function, while altering medullary signaling pathways in these animals, we compared intracerebroventricular infusions of the angiotensin II type 1 receptor antagonist candesartan (4 μg/5 μL/h), angiotensin-(1-7) (0.1 μg/5 μL/h), a reactive oxygen species scavenger tempol (25 μg/5 μL/h), or artificial cerebrospinal fluid (5 μL/h) for 2 weeks. Mean arterial pressure was reduced in candesartan-treated rats without significantly improving the vagal components of baroreflex function or heart rate variability. In contrast, angiotensin-(1-7) treatment significantly improved the vagal components of baroreflex function and heart rate variability at a dose that did not significantly lower mean arterial pressure. Tempol significantly reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase activity in brain dorsal medullary tissue but had no effect on mean arterial pressure or autonomic function. Candesartan tended to reduce fat mass, but none of the treatments significantly altered indices of metabolic function or mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathways in dorsal medulla. Although additional dose response studies are necessary to determine the potential maximal effectiveness of each treatment, the current findings demonstrate that blood pressure and baroreflex function can be essentially normalized independently of medullary nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide

  6. In vivo expression of angiotensin-(1-7) lowers blood pressure and improves baroreflex function in transgenic (mRen2)27 rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia-Espinosa, Maria A; Shaltout, Hossam A; Gallagher, Patricia E; Chappell, Mark C; Diz, Debra I

    2012-08-01

    Transgenic (mRen2)27 rats are hypertensive with impaired baroreflex sensitivity for control of heart rate compared with Hannover Sprague-Dawley rats. We assessed blood pressure and baroreflex function in male hemizygous (mRen2)27 rats (30-40 weeks of age) instrumented for arterial pressure recordings and receiving into the cisterna magna either an Ang-(1-7) fusion protein or a control fusion protein (CTL-FP). The maximum reduction in mean arterial pressure achieved was -38 ± 7 mm Hg on day 3, accompanied by a 55% enhancement in baroreflex sensitivity in Ang-(1-7) fusion protein-treated rats. Both the high-frequency alpha index (HF-α) and heart rate variability increased, suggesting increased parasympathetic tone for cardiac control. The mRNA levels of several components of the renin-angiotensin system in the dorsal medulla were markedly reduced including renin (-80%), neprilysin (-40%), and the AT1a receptor (-40%). However, there was a 2-fold to 3-fold increase in the mRNA levels of the phosphatases PTP-1b and dual-specificity phosphatase 1 in the medulla of Ang-(1-7) fusion protein-treated rats. Our finding that replacement of Ang-(1-7) in the brain of (mRen2)27 rats reverses in part the hypertension and baroreflex impairment is consistent with a functional deficit of Ang-(1-7) in this hypertensive strain. We conclude that the increased mRNA expression of phosphatases known to counteract the phosphoinositol 3 kinase and mitogen-activated protein kinases, and the reduction of renin and AT1a receptor mRNA levels may contribute to the reduction in arterial pressure and improvement in baroreflex sensitivity in response to Ang-(1-7).

  7. Una lectura crítica del psicoanalis frances de grupos en relacion a la obra de René Kaës

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Klein

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo busca plantear algunas observaciones expositivas y críticas en relación a la obra de René Kaës, tratando de mostrar la importancia de sus desarrollos teóricos y clínicos. Se harán algunas comparaciones entres sus ideas de 1977 y las que comienza a desarrollar a partir de 1985. Se hará especial énfasis en los conceptos de narcisismo primario y secundario, isomorfia y homomorfia y el estudio del pacto denegativo y las tres modalidades de lo negativo.

  8. La filogénesis humana según la teoría mimética de René Girard

    OpenAIRE

    Moreno Fernandéz, Agustín

    2015-01-01

    La teoría mimética de René Girard contiene una interpretación acerca del origen de la especie humana y el proceso de hominización. Su propuesta destaca por el afán de aunar las aportaciones de la etología animal y de la antropología cultural, en torno al mimetismo y su hipótesis del mecanismo del chivo expiatorio. Nuestro objetivo es presentar una síntesis de sus consideraciones acerca de la antropogénesis, presentes a lo largo de su obra.

  9. Redovisning är sällan ren och aldrig enkel : En studie om svårigheter och komplexitet vid framtagning av IFRS 15

    OpenAIRE

    Melin, Linnea; Stenberg, Frida

    2015-01-01

    Bakgrund Som en följd av den ökade globaliseringen strävar normgivare ständigt efter en harmonisering av internationella redovisningsstandarder. I maj 2014 publicerade normgivaren IASB (International Accounting Standards Board) en ny standard för intäktsredovisning – IFRS 15. Vid framtagning av nya redovisningsstandarder ska normgivare utgå från en generell föreställningsram. Det faktum att kapitalmarknadens aktörer under de senaste åren har fått betydligt mer inflytande skulle kunna påverka ...

  10. Prospektive Studie zur Evaluation der transossären Dekompression, einer neuen Methode der Behandlung von Halsbandscheibenvorfällen ohne Bandscheibenersatz oder Segmentversteifung

    OpenAIRE

    Iskander, Joseph

    2008-01-01

    In einer prospektiven Untersuchung wurden über einen Zweijahreszeitraum alle Patienten, die sich einem neuen, an der Klinik für Orthopädie und Wirbelsäulenchirurgie der Zentralklinik Bad Berka GmbH entwickelten Verfahren der ventralen transossären Wurzeldekompression ohne Fusion der Halswirbelsäule unterzogen, nachuntersucht. Das Neue dieser Operationsmethode besteht in dem völlig anderen Zugang zum Bandscheibenvorfall. Anders als bei der herkömmlichen Technik des "Wegs des geringeren Wi...

  11. İŞGÖREN SEÇİMİNDE KULLANILAN KAYNAKLAR ÜZERİNE BİR ARAŞTIRMA: BARTIN ÖRNEĞİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ömer Keskin

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available İşletmelerin etkin ve verimli çalışabilmesi için işgören ihtiyacının tam ve doğru olarak belirlenmesi gerekmektedir. Maddi kaynakların yanı sıra işgörenlerin gerekli bilgi, yetenek ve beceriye sahip olması işletmelerin başarısını etkilemektedir. İşletmenin amaçlarını benimseyecek ve işin gereklerini yerine getirebilecek, alanında etkin ve uzman işgörenlerin seçimi işletmelerin devamlılığını sağlaması açısından önemlidir. Bu çalışmanın amacı, Bartın il merkezinde farklı sektörlerde faaliyet gösteren işletmelerin işgören seçiminde kullandığı kaynakları ve kullanılan kaynaklar arasında farklılık olup olmadığını belirlemektir. Araştırma kapsamında 45 işletmeden yüz yüze görüşme ve anket yöntemi kullanılarak elde edilen veriler değerlendirilmiştir. Araştırma sonucunda, işgören seçiminde kullanılan yöntemlerin işletmelerin faaliyet alanına ve web sitesi olup olmaması durumuna göre anlamlı bir fark göstermediği belirlenmiştir. Anlamlı fark işletmelerin işgören seçiminde kullandıkları yöntemler ile işletmelerin faaliyet süresi arasında bulunmuştur.

  12. Combined renin inhibition/(pro)renin receptor blockade in diabetic retinopathy--a study in transgenic (mREN2)27 rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Batenburg, Wendy W; Verma, Amrisha; Wang, Yunyang; Zhu, Ping; van den Heuvel, Mieke; van Veghel, Richard; Danser, A H Jan; Li, Qiuhong

    2014-01-01

    Dysfunction of renin-angiotensin system (RAS) contributes to the pathogenesis of diabetic retinopathy (DR). Prorenin, the precursor of renin is highly elevated in ocular fluid of diabetic patients with proliferative retinopathy. Prorenin may exert local effects in the eye by binding to the so-called (pro)renin receptor ((P)RR). Here we investigated the combined effects of the renin inhibitor aliskiren and the putative (P)RR blocker handle-region peptide (HRP) on diabetic retinopathy in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic transgenic (mRen2)27 rats (a model with high plasma prorenin levels) as well as prorenin stimulated cytokine expression in cultured Müller cells. Adult (mRen2)27 rats were randomly divided into the following groups: (1) non-diabetic; (2) diabetic treated with vehicle; (3) diabetic treated with aliskiren (10 mg/kg per day); and (4) diabetic treated with aliskiren+HRP (1 mg/kg per day). Age-matched non-diabetic wildtype Sprague-Dawley rats were used as control. Drugs were administered by osmotic minipumps for three weeks. Transgenic (mRen2)27 rat retinas showed increased apoptotic cell death of both inner retinal neurons and photoreceptors, increased loss of capillaries, as well as increased expression of inflammatory cytokines. These pathological changes were further exacerbated by diabetes. Aliskiren treatment of diabetic (mRen2)27 rats prevented retinal gliosis, and reduced retinal apoptotic cell death, acellular capillaries and the expression of inflammatory cytokines. HRP on top of aliskiren did not provide additional protection. In cultured Müller cells, prorenin significantly increased the expression levels of IL-1α and TNF-α, and this was completely blocked by aliskiren or HRP, their combination, (P)RR siRNA and the AT1R blocker losartan, suggesting that these effects entirely depended on Ang II generation by (P)RR-bound prorenin. In conclusion, the lack of effect of HRP on top of aliskiren, and the Ang II-dependency of the ocular

  13. Intrauterine Wachstumsrestriktion der Ratte: Charakterisierung hormoneller Einflüsse am Modell der duktalen Morphogenese der pubertären Brustdrüse

    OpenAIRE

    Fährmann, Nina

    2013-01-01

    Hintergrund und Ziele Ziel dieser Arbeit ist die Charakterisierung von Veränderungen im Ablauf der pubertä-ren Brustdrüsenentwicklung der weiblichen Ratte nach intrauteriner Wachstumsrestrik-tion [IUGR]. Neben einer unmittelbaren Erhöhung des perinatalen Risikos, trägt IUGR auch zu gesundheitlichen Spätfolgen (z.B. Pubertas praecox, Adipositas, Diabetes melli-tus Typ 2) im Jugend- und Erwachsenenalter bei. Neben diesen klassischen Folgen der IUGR finden sich Hinweise auf eine gestörte Entwick...

  14. Caracterización de la conducta suicida en el Policlínico "René Ávila Reyes". Holguín 2007-2008

    OpenAIRE

    Eisy Mercedes Infantes Pérez; Tatiana Zoila Ochoa Roca; Rosa María Ochoa Roca

    2009-01-01

    Aborda un estudio descriptivo, de series de casos sobre el comportamiento de la conducta suicida en el Policlínico ¿René Ávila Reyes¿, Holguín .2007-2008. La muestra estuvo integrada por 52 pacientes con conducta suicida. Para la obtención de información se revisaron Historias Clínicas y discusiones de casos. En el intento suicida hubo un mayor predominio en los adolescentes, las mujeres y amas de casa. Las edades de 31 a 40 años, del sexo masculino y desocupados, se señalaron con mayor compo...

  15. Los nudos del silencio de Renée Ferrer (Paraguay, 1944): el mito de la sumisión femenina al desnudo

    OpenAIRE

    González De Garay, Maria Teresa

    2006-01-01

    La novela de Renée Ferrer de Arréllaga (nacida en Asunción en 1944, poeta, novelista, cuentista, doctora en Historia por la Universidad Nacional de Asunción, miembro fundador de la Sociedad de Escritores de Paraguay, miembro correspondiente de la Real Academia Española y académica de número de la de la Academia Paraguaya de la Lengua Española), Los nudos del silencio, publicada en 1988, ofrece una visión y análisis de la sumisión femenina desde dos perspectivas culturales muy diversas. Una es...

  16. René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur (1683–1757, a naturalist and pioneer of acarology and his contacts with Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daszkiewicz Piotr

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur was one of the most important scientists of the Age of Enlightenment. His relations with Polish scientists are analysed, with particular reference to Franciszek Bieliński (Grand Marshal of the Crown, Konstanty Franciszek Fremel (a Saxon specialist of glass technology in Poland, and Johann Ernst Stieff (a Silesian scientist. Réaumur’s work on mites is discussed in the context of his entomological publications. For the first time, illustrations of mites drawn by Claude Aubriet (from Réaumur’s collection are reproduced here.

  17. Factores de riesgo del intento suicida en adolescentes del policlínico René Vallejo de Bayamo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Idelis Fedeslinda Arias de la Torre

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available El suicidio, además de constituir un drama de la existencia humana, en muchos países es un problema de salud. El objetivo de esta investigación es identificar los factores de riesgo, asociados al intento suicida en adolescentes del policlínico “René Vallejo” del municipio de Bayamo en el año 2013. Se realizó un estudio de casos y controles, utilizando como universo los 43 casos que realizaron intento suicida en ese año. El grupo de casos fueron 37 adolescentes que realizaron el intento suicida y el de control, 74 adolescentes que fueron seleccionados a razón de 1:2, quedando conformado por aquellos adolescentes con características análogas a los primeros, pero que nunca intentaron suicidarse, pareados por edad, sexo y barrio. Predominó el sexo femenino, las edades de 16 a 19 años y los que cursan estudios preuniversitarios. La ideación suicida se observó en el 100 % de los casos. El antecedente familiar de depresión elevó a más de catorce veces el riesgo; las malas relaciones con los padres eleva a más de diez veces el riesgo; en los problemas de pareja a más de veinte veces; las malas relaciones con los compañeros aumenta el riesgo a más de treinta veces y el antecedente de suicidio en la familia eleva a más de cinco veces el riesgo suicida; concluyendo que los factores de riesgo con mayor asociación estadística al intento suicida fueron la ideación suicida, la ansiedad, la depresión en la familia, las malas relaciones con los padres, problemas con la pareja, las malas relaciones con los compañeros y el antecedente de suicidio consumado en la familia

  18. Surface and Ground Water Quality in Köprüören Basin (Kütahya), Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arslan, Şebnem; Çelik, Mehmet; Erdem Dokuz, Uǧur; Abadi Berhe, Berihu

    2014-05-01

    In this study, quality of the water resources in Köprüören Basin, located to the west of Kütahya city in western Anatolia, were investigated. The total catchment area of the basin is 275 km2 and it is located upstream of Kütahya and Eskişehir plains. Therefore, besides 6,000 people residing in the basin, a much larger population will be impacted by the quality of surface and groundwater resources. Groundwater occurs under confined conditions in the limestones of Pliocene units. Groundwater flow is from north to south and south to north towards Kocasu stream, which flows to Enne Dam. The surface and ground water quality in this area are negatively affected by the mining activities. In the northern part of the area, there are coal deposits present in Miocene Tunçbilek formation. Ground waters in contact with the coal deposits contain low concentrations of arsenic (up to 30 µg/l). In the southern part, the only silver deposit of Turkey is present, which is developed in metamorphic basement rocks, Early Miocene volcanics and Pliocene units near Gümüşköy (Gümüş means silver, köy means village in Turkish). The amount of silver manufactured annually in this silver plant is huge and comprises about 1% of the World's Silver Production. The wastes, enriched in cyanide, arsenic, stibnite, lead and zinc, are stored in waste pools and there is extensive leakage of these heavy metals from these pools. Therefore, surface waters, soils and plants in the affected areas contain high concentrations of arsenic, stibnite and lead. The As, Sb, Pb and Zn concentrations are up to 733 µg/l, 158 µg/l, 48 µg/l, and 286 µg/l in surface waters (in dry season), 6180 ppm, 410 ppm, 4180 ppm, 9950 ppm in soils and 809 ppm, 399 ppm, 800 ppm, 2217 ppm in plants, respectively. Today, most of the As, Sb, Pb and Zn are absorbed by the soils and only a small part are dissolved in water. However, conditions might change in future leading to desorption of these contaminants. Therefore

  19. Elastic and electronic properties of hexagonal rhenium sub-nitrides Re{sub 3}N and Re{sub 2}N in comparison with hcp-Re and wurtzite-like rhenium mononitride ReN

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bannikov, Vyacheslav V.; Shein, Igor R.; Ivanovskii, Alexander L. [Institute of Solid State Chemistry, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 620990 Ekaterinburg (Russian Federation)

    2011-06-15

    Very recently, two hexagonal rhenium sub-nitrides Re{sub 3}N and Re{sub 2}N, which belong to a rather rare group of known metal-rich (M/N > 1) nitrides of heavy 4d, 5d metals, have been successfully synthesized, and their potential technological applications as ultra-incompressible materials have been proposed. In this work, we present a detailed ab initio study of recently synthesized rhenium sub-nitrides in comparison with hcp-Re and wurtzite-like rhenium mono-nitride ReN, with the purpose to evaluate the trends of the elastic, electronic properties, and chemical bonding in the series of these hexagonal systems as a function of the Re/N stoichiometry: Re {yields} Re{sub 3}N {yields} Re{sub 2}N {yields} ReN. (Copyright copyright 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  20. Elastic and electronic properties of hexagonal rhenium sub-nitrides Re3N and Re2N in comparison with hcp-Re and wurtzite-like rhenium mononitride ReN

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bannikov, Vyacheslav V.; Shein, Igor R.; Ivanovskii, Alexander L.

    2011-06-01

    Very recently, two new hexagonal rhenium sub-nitrides Re3N and Re2N, which belong to a rather rare group of known metal-rich (M/N > 1) nitrides of heavy 4d,5d metals, have been successfully synthesized, and their potential technological applications as ultra-incompressible materials have been proposed. In this work we present a detailed ab initio study of novel rhenium sub-nitrides in comparison with hcp-Re and wurtzite-like rhenium mono-nitride ReN, with the purpose to evaluate the trends of the elastic, electronic properties and chemical bonding in the series of these hexagonal systems as a function of the Re/N stoichiometry: Re \\rightarrow Re3N \\rightarrow Re2N \\rightarrow ReN.

  1. Vi visker tavlen ren

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mehlsen, Camilla

    2005-01-01

    Interview med Bertel Haarder: Afstanden mellem klasseværelset og den pædagogiske forskning er for stor, lyder kritikken fra OECD. Undervisningsminister Bertel Haarder vil imødekomme kritikken med etiske regnskaber, der synliggør, hvordan forskning gør nytte i samfundet. Den pædagogiske forskning ...

  2. Belonging, occupation, and human well-being: an exploration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hammell, Karen R Whalley

    2014-02-01

    Researchers identify the importance of belonging to human well-being and provide evidence-based support for occupation as a medium for expressing and achieving a sense of belonging and connectedness. The purpose of this article is to highlight the imperative for occupational therapy theory and practice to address occupations concerned with belonging needs. Dominant occupational therapy models emphasise doing self-care, productive, and leisure occupations, thereby ignoring occupations undertaken to contribute to the well-being of others, occupations that foster connections to nature and ancestors, collaborative occupations, and those valued for their social context and potential to strengthen social roles. Belonging, connectedness, and interdependence are positively correlated with human well-being, are prioritized by the majority of the world's people, and inform the meanings attributed to and derived from the occupations of culturally diverse people. If occupational therapy is to address meaningful occupations, attention should be paid to occupations concerned with belonging, connecting, and contributing to others.

  3. Professor Ren Jixue's medication experience in treating renal wind exogenous%任继学教授治疗肾风外感用药经验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田玉东; 马德锋; 任喜洁

    2014-01-01

    任老在肾风兼外感的发病机制及治疗有着独特的认识和丰富的治疗经验,认为外感邪气后,邪伏咽喉为肾风发生发展的关键,治肾风外感要重视解表、治咽喉,驱邪外达以安正。本文从继承、整理名老中医经验角度,系统阐释任继学教授对肾风兼外感病因病机的独特认识。%Ren Lao has the unique understanding and rich experience in the treatment of pathogenesis and treatment of renal wind and exogenous.He considers that evil throat is the key of renal wind development after exogenous pathogenic factor.When treating renal wind exogenous,We should pay attention to relieve symptoms,treat throat,and drive the pathogenic factor to achieve the normal.In this text,from the perspective of inheritance and sorting of the old Chinese medicine experience,we systematically elucidate professor Ren Jixue's unique understanding of the renal wind and exogenous etiology and pathogenesis.

  4. Activation of thiazide-sensitive co-transport by angiotensin II in the cyp1a1-Ren2 hypertensive rat.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Ashek

    Full Text Available Transgenic rats with inducible expression of the mouse Ren2 gene were used to elucidate mechanisms leading to the development of hypertension and renal injury. Ren2 transgene activation was induced by administration of a naturally occurring aryl hydrocarbon, indole-3-carbinol (100 mg/kg/day by gastric gavage. Blood pressure and renal parameters were recorded in both conscious and anesthetized (butabarbital sodium; 120 mg/kg IP rats at selected time-points during the development of hypertension. Hypertension was evident by the second day of treatment, being preceded by reduced renal sodium excretion due to activation of the thiazide-sensitive sodium-chloride co-transporter. Renal injury was evident after the first day of transgene induction, being initially limited to the pre-glomerular vasculature. Mircoalbuminuria and tubuloinsterstitial injury developed once hypertension was established. Chronic treatment with either hydrochlorothiazide or an AT1 receptor antagonist normalized sodium reabsorption, significantly blunted hypertension and prevented renal injury. Urinary aldosterone excretion was increased ≈ 20 fold, but chronic mineralocorticoid receptor antagonism with spironolactone neither restored natriuretic capacity nor prevented hypertension. Spironolactone nevertheless ameliorated vascular damage and prevented albuminuria. This study finds activation of sodium-chloride co-transport to be a key mechanism in angiotensin II-dependent hypertension. Furthermore, renal vascular injury in this setting reflects both barotrauma and pressure-independent pathways associated with direct detrimental effects of angiotensin II and aldosterone.

  5. Adaptive TrimTree: Green Data Center Networks through Resource Consolidation, Selective Connectedness and Energy Proportional Computing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saima Zafar

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available A data center is a facility with a group of networked servers used by an organization for storage, management and dissemination of its data. The increase in data center energy consumption over the past several years is staggering, therefore efforts are being initiated to achieve energy efficiency of various components of data centers. One of the main reasons data centers have high energy inefficiency is largely due to the fact that most organizations run their data centers at full capacity 24/7. This results into a number of servers and switches being underutilized or even unutilized, yet working and consuming electricity around the clock. In this paper, we present Adaptive TrimTree; a mechanism that employs a combination of resource consolidation, selective connectedness and energy proportional computing for optimizing energy consumption in a Data Center Network (DCN. Adaptive TrimTree adopts a simple traffic-and-topology-based heuristic to find a minimum power network subset called ‘active network subset’ that satisfies the existing network traffic conditions while switching off the residual unused network components. A ‘passive network subset’ is also identified for redundancy which consists of links and switches that can be required in future and this subset is toggled to sleep state. An energy proportional computing technique is applied to the active network subset for adapting link data rates to workload thus maximizing energy optimization. We have compared our proposed mechanism with fat-tree topology and ElasticTree; a scheme based on resource consolidation. Our simulation results show that our mechanism saves 50%–70% more energy as compared to fat-tree and 19.6% as compared to ElasticTree, with minimal impact on packet loss percentage and delay. Additionally, our mechanism copes better with traffic anomalies and surges due to passive network provision.

  6. Minority stress and community connectedness among gay, lesbian and bisexual Australians: a comparison of rural and metropolitan localities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morandini, James S; Blaszczynski, Alexander; Dar-Nimrod, Ilan; Ross, Michael W

    2015-06-01

    To determine whether lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) Australians residing in rural-remote and other non-inner metropolitan localities experience increased levels of minority stress and reduced social support relative to their inner metropolitan counterparts. A convenience sample of (n=1306) LGB Australians completed an online survey that assessed minority stressors, level of connection with other LGB individuals and social isolation. Postcodes provided were coded into three metropolitan and two rural zones. A series of hierarchical regression analyses were undertaken to examine the effect of locality on minority stress and social support independent of sex, age, ethnicity, education and income. Those residing in rural-remote localities reported significantly increased concealment of sexuality from friends, more concern regarding disclosure of sexuality, less LGB community involvement, fewer friendships with other LGB people and, among men, higher levels of internalised homophobia than those residing in inner metropolitan areas. Unexpectedly, those residing in outer metropolitan areas of major cities experienced comparable levels of minority stress and LGB disconnection to those in rural and remote Australia. LGB individuals in rural-remote and outer metropolitan areas of major cities face increased exposure to a number of minority stressors and less LGB community connectedness. These are risk factors associated with psychiatric morbidity in LGB populations. Health promotion targeted at reducing homophobia and discrimination in rural-remote and outer metropolitan communities and additional services to assist LGB Australians struggling with stigma and isolation in non-inner city areas may help mitigate the disadvantages faced by these LGB populations. © 2015 Public Health Association of Australia.

  7. Pressure-natriuresis and -diuresis in transgenic rats harboring both human renin and human angiotensinogen genes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dehmel, B; Mervaala, E; Lippoldt, A; Gross, V; Bohlender, J; Ganten, D; Luft, F C

    1998-12-01

    The hypertensive double transgenic rat harboring both the human renin and human angiotensinogen genes (dTGR) offers a unique opportunity to study the human renin-angiotensin system in an experimental animal model. Since nothing is known about the control of sodium and water excretion in these rats, this study was performed to compare pressure-natriuresis relationships in hypertensive dTGR and normotensive control rats harboring only the human renin gene (hREN), in order to determine how the pressure-natriuresis relationship is reset in hypertensive dTGR. To differentiate between extrinsic and intrinsic renal mechanisms, experiments were performed with and without renal denervation, and with and without infusions of vasopressin, norepinephrine, 17-OH-corticosterone, and aldosterone. Human and rat angiotensinogen and renin mRNA expression were also determined. In hREN without controlled renal function, urine flow and sodium excretion increased from 13 to 169 microl/min per g kidney wet weight (kwt) and from 1 to 30 micromol/min per g kwt, respectively, as renal perfusion pressure was increased from 67 to 135 mmHg. Renal blood flow (RBF) and GFR ranged between 3 to 7 and 0.9 to 1.5 ml/min per g kwt. In dTGR, pressure-natriuresis-diuresis relationships were shifted approximately 40 mmHg rightward. RBF was lower in dTGR than in hREN; GFR was not different. In dTGR with neurohormonal factors controlled, RBF was decreased and pressure-natriuresis-diuresis curves were not different compared to dTGR curves without these interventions. By light microscopy, the kidneys of these 6-wk-old dTGR and hREN rats were normal and indistinguishable. Both human and rat renin and angiotensinogen mRNA were expressed in the kidneys of dTGR. The two renin mRNA were decreased in dTGR, indicating a physiologic downregulation of renin gene expression by high BP. It is concluded that the renal pressure-natriuresis mechanism is reset toward higher pressure levels in dTGR and participates in the

  8. "en este aff ösel" in Visby : Ösel and Estland in the Gotlandic account books of Ivar Axelsson Tott 1585-87 and Sören Norby 1524-25 / Jan-Christian Schlüter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Schlüter, Jan-Christian, 1979-

    2008-01-01

    Ojamaa ja Saaremaa kontaktidest on vähe teada perioodist Saksa ordu ja Rootsi kuningate valitsemisaja vahel. Ivar Axelsson Totti ja Sören Nörby arveraamatutes mainitud kohanimede seas on Eestiga seotud nimedel küllalt suur osakaal. Ka esineb kaptenite palgaarvetel Eestist pärit isikute nimesid

  9. "en este aff ösel" in Visby : Ösel and Estland in the Gotlandic account books of Ivar Axelsson Tott 1585-87 and Sören Norby 1524-25 / Jan-Christian Schlüter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Schlüter, Jan-Christian, 1979-

    2008-01-01

    Ojamaa ja Saaremaa kontaktidest on vähe teada perioodist Saksa ordu ja Rootsi kuningate valitsemisaja vahel. Ivar Axelsson Totti ja Sören Nörby arveraamatutes mainitud kohanimede seas on Eestiga seotud nimedel küllalt suur osakaal. Ka esineb kaptenite palgaarvetel Eestist pärit isikute nimesid

  10. Network Connectedness, Sense of Community, and Risk Perception of Climate Change Professionals in the Pacific Islands Region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corlew, L. K.; Keener, V. W.; Finucane, M.

    2013-12-01

    analyses, scores are assigned for participant degree centrality, betweenness centrality, and Eigenvector centrality from the Part One Survey, as well as PSOC, control, responsibility, risk perceptions, concern, optimism, and policy preferences from the Part Two Survey. Statistical interaction analyses explore factors motivating connectedness within the network, as well as climate change research and adaptation needs and priorities of participants.

  11. Le problème du continu/discontinu dans la sémiophysique de René Thom et l’origine du langage

    OpenAIRE

    Wildgen, Wolfgang

    2010-01-01

    Le problème de la relation entre le continu et le discontinu fut au centre de la sémiotique (appelée « sémiophysique ») de René Thom. On peut retrouver au moins trois problèmes pour lesquels Thom a donné des réponses : 1) La distinction aristotélicienne entre homéomère et anhoméomère. 2) Le concept de symétrie ; les brisures de la symétrie créent une structure discontinue. 3) L’origine du langage. Les théories contemporaines d’une discontinuité ou continuité dans l’évolution du langage devron...

  12. A Comparative Study of the Translated Versions of Song You Ren by Ezra Pound and Qiu Kean-From the Perspective of Functional Grammar

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Jing

    2013-01-01

    As one genre of literature, poetry is the elite in both Chinese language and its culture. With its unique characteristics of metrical and form regulations and the beauty of its simplicity and conciseness, Chinese Tang poetry is one of the brightest pearls in the world literature treasury.Translating as a purposeful activity was originated from the functionalist approaches to translation. From the perspective of functional grammar, this thesis attempts to study two translation versions of Song You Ren written by Li Bai. More emphasis has been put on the similarities and differentiations of the textual analysis. Through the analysis and compari-son between the two translation versions, it is found that functional grammar is not only helpful to have a deep understanding of the discourse, but will also throw some light upon the practice of translation.

  13. Observaciones sobre el debate Sahlins-Obeyesekere: la muerte del capitán Cook vista desde la antropología de René Girard

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel Andrade

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este ensayo es tomar partido en la disputa entre los antropólogos Marshall Sahlins y Gananath Obeyesekere, utilizando a la obra de René Girard como instrumento teórico. De acuerdo a Sahlins, el capitán James Cook fue asesinado en Hawaii en 1779, y según testimonios posteriores, los nativos llegaron a identificar a Cook con Lono, dios de la agricultura. Obeyesekere mantiene que la versión de Sahlins es un mito colonialista de superioridad europea. La antropología de Girard nos permite comprender que, de acuerdo a la manera en que opera lo sagrado, es posible que efectivamente el capitán Cook haya sido identificado con un dios, respaldando así la posición de Sahlins.

  14. Strukturell-organisatorische Entwicklung und Etablierung eines interdisziplinären Trainingszentrums für klinisch-praktische Fertigkeiten [Structural and organizational development and establishment of an interdisciplinary Skills Lab

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dott, Wolfgang

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available [english] Background: Besides theoretical knowledge, medical students have to acquire different skills during their medical education, which are essential especially for the physician’s routine practice. In July 2005 an interdisciplinary skills lab was set up at the Medical Faculty of the RWTH Aachen University. Financial and personnel resources for the structural and organizational development of the skills lab were obtained first from a faculty fund for innovative teaching concepts, and later from student fees. Methods: Elements of project management necessary for the skills lab were defined in advance: Development of a methodological concept, definition of content and selection of skills, provision of infrastructural necessities (rooms, media, staff, creation of a pilot course concept, definition of milestones, acquisition of powerful faculty partners for further support, implementation of courses within the ongoing curricula, and evaluation of individual courses and the entire concept. Results: The project management steps defined in advance were retrospectively proven necessary and important for the establishment of a minimum infrastructure in terms of spatial and human resources and for the implementation of the methodological concept. During the 2008 summer semester, a total of 709 students in 133 faculty courses and about 900 students in curricular courses used the skills lab. Conclusion: Three years on, the interdisciplinary skills lab offers a wide range of courses in which students can learn, train, and optimize their practical skills. The experiences gained in designing and organizing the program are essential for the further structural and methodological/didactic development of the skills lab.[german] Hintergrund: Neben theoretischem Wissen müssen Medizinstudierende Fertigkeiten unterschiedlichster Art erwerben, die nicht nur für die praktischen Ausbildungsteile im Studium, sondern in erster Linie für das tägliche

  15. El camino del medio o Béla Bártok en la visión existencialista de René Leibowitz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gómez Gálvez, Mauricio

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Following World War II, René Leibowitz, principal defender and promoter of dodecaphonism in France, became a prominent figure in the intellectual milieu, as music critic for literary reviews of the period. In October 1947 he published a polemic article entitled “Bela Bartók, or the possibility of Compromise in Contemporary Music”, which appeared in Les Temps Modernes (review founded by Jean-Paul Sartre. The postulates of this text would have an unsuspected influence on the post-War generation of composers. Through a minute examination of the text, as well as other period sources, this paper proposes two principal objectives: to analyze the reception of the article by the French biographers of Bartók and to measure the impact of the ideas of Leibowitz on his students, notably Pierre Boulez.Finalizada la Segunda Guerra mundial, René Leibowitz, principal defensor y promotor del dodecafonismo en Francia, ocupa un sitial de privilegio en el medio intelectual, desempeñándose como crítico musical en prestigiosas revistas literarias de la época. En octubre de 1947, publica en Les Temps Modernes (revista fundada y dirigida por Jean-Paul Sartre un artículo polémico titulado “Béla Bartók ou la possibilité du compromis dans la musique contemporaine”. Los postulados de dicho escrito tendrán una influencia insospechada sobre una parte importante de la juventud musical de aquel entonces. A través de un examen minucioso del texto, así como de otras fuentes de la época, este trabajo se propone un doble objetivo: analizar la recepción del artículo en los biógrafos franceses de Bartók y evaluar el impacto de las ideas leibowitzianas en sus alumnos, en particular en Pierre Boulez.

  16. René Descartes, the Robots and the Soul in the debate between Tommaso Ceva and Guido Grandi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfredo Serrai

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Descartes outlined human intelligence as a divine gift, albeit in a system governed by universal laws of physics and mathematics. In the eighteenth century the camaldolite Guido Grandi and Tommaso Ceva, both mathematicians, had a dispute about the interpretation of the Cartesian model of human intelligence. This case provides an opportunity to retrace the path of a speculative techno-philosophical question concerning the human possibility to equipping robots with the ability to experience a self-consciousness.

  17. A Study of Adolescents' Development of Autonomy- connectedness and Its Relation With Social Adaptation%青少年自主-联结的发展及其与社会适应的关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆芳; 陈国鹏

    2012-01-01

    Adolescence is a special period during which great changes take place in individuals' physical body, cognition, emotion and behaviors. Autonomy and connectedness have long been recognized as the most remarkable changing characteristics during this period. Thus the pursuit for autonomy and connectedness becomes one of the most crucial aspects among adolescents' psycho-social development. This study tested the development of autonomy, connectedness and adolescents' social adaptation with a sample of 424 middle school students. The three scales used to measure these developments were the Adolescents' Autonomy Scale, the Social Connectedness Scale and the Middle School Students' Social Adaptation Scale. The results : ( 1 ) Cluster analysis shows that there are three different types, including high self-governance-connectedness, low autonomy-connectedness and individuality, all of which have their own distinguishing features. Type I is called high selfgovernance-connectedness (high SG-C), which has a high level of behavioral autonomy and social connectedness, with moderate cognitive autonomy and lowest emotional autonomy. Type II can be called low autonomy-connected- ness (low A-C), with the lowest level in behavioral autonomy, cognitive autonomy and connectedness. 113 adolescents belong to this type. The third type is properly called individuation (I), the number of which is 134. Adolescents of this type have more independent ideas and judgment standards, and their cognitive and emotional autonomy are the highest among the three. (2) There is significant gender and grade differences in adolescents' development of autonomy and connectedness, in which the development of low autonomy-connectedness is in an upside down ' V' shape, the developmental trend of high self-governance-connectedness is from high to low, and the number of individuality increases with age. In the gender difference of the three clusters, the distribution

  18. Correlates of optimal behavior among child welfare-involved children: Perceived school peer connectedness, activity participation, social skills, and peer affiliation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merritt, Darcey H; Snyder, Susan M

    2015-09-01

    Understanding the association between children's behaviors and their perceptions regarding the quality of school friendships is useful for intervention strategies focusing on the interpersonal networks of children involved with the child welfare system. Rarely are measures of the strength of peer relationships assessed as a protective factor for maltreated children in the context of understanding their behaviors. This research investigates the link between these youth's expressed relational experiences and nonproblematic behavior. Analyses were conducted on 1,054 children (ages 11-17) from the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being II (NSCAW II) dataset. Utilizing a factored measure of perceived school friend connectedness, children's behaviors were predicted using Generalized Ordered Logistic regression analyses. Results demonstrated stronger school friend connectedness is a protective factor in that, children who perceive strong peer connections at school are more likely to classify below the problem behavior threshold than those with weaker peer connections. Further, children with increased social skills; fewer deviant peer affiliations; and those who take responsibility in part-time jobs and chores are more likely to display normative behaviors. Compared with all other types of maltreatment, physically abused children are significantly less likely to display behaviors below the problem range. Moreover, physical abuse has a negative impact on the protective nature of strong peer connections. Attention should be given to supporting children's perceived positive friendships, developing social skills, and encouraging participation in part-time jobs (e.g., babysitting, paper routes) as protective factors associated with nonproblematic behaviors, rather than problematic behaviors. Implications for service delivery are discussed. (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved).

  19. Humanism as a common factor in psychotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wampold, Bruce E

    2012-12-01

    There are many forms of psychotherapies, each distinctive in its own way. From the origins of psychotherapy, it has been suggested that psychotherapy is effective through factors that are common to all therapies. In this article, I suggest that the commonalities that are at the core of psychotherapy are related to evolved human characteristics, which include (a) making sense of the world, (b) influencing through social means, and (c) connectedness, expectation, and mastery. In this way, all psychotherapies are humanistic. (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved.

  20. Touching with Affection:Views on the Teaching of "A Speech of Mr. Liang Ren' gong"%以情动人--《记梁任公先生的一次演讲》教学之我见

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴瑶

    2014-01-01

    《记梁任公先生的一次演讲》不仅仅向我们展示了梁任公先生作为学者的政治情怀,也曲折隐晦地表现了梁实秋的政治情怀,两位伟大的学者不论是演讲还是文章,都让读者真正体会到了只有“动情”才能“动人”。%"A Speech of Mr. Liang Ren'gong"not only shows us the political feelings of Mr. Liang Ren'gong as a scholar, but also implicitly manifests Liang Shiqiu's political feelings.Both the speech and passage of the two great scholars have made the readers truly experience that only affection can touch people.

  1. Die Rolle der Glukosetransporter an der Blut-Hirn-Schranke nach einem Schädel-Hirn-Trauma und deren eventueller Einfluss auf die Entwicklung eines sekundären Hirnödems

    OpenAIRE

    Wais, Sebastian

    2013-01-01

    Laut der Weltgesundheitsorganisation (WHO) waren in Deutschland 2006 akute ischämische Ereignisse des Zentralen Nervensystems (ZNS) die fünfthäufigste Todesursache. Zu diesen ischämischen Ereignissen zählen Schlaganfall, Kardiopulmonale Reanimation, traumatische Hirnverletzungen, sowie perioperative ischämische Komplikationen. Aufgrund der schwerwiegenden Folgen, die ein Verlust von Nervenzellen für den Patienten bedeutet, muss die weitere medizinische Akutversorgung den sekundären neuronalen...

  2. RASİM ÖZDENÖREN VE FEODOR DOSTOYEVSKİ' NİN TAHKİYE ANLAYIŞI AÇISINDAN BİR KARŞILAŞTIRMA

    OpenAIRE

    ABİBULAYEVA, Lemana

    2006-01-01

    Çalışmamızın adı 'Rasim Özdenören ve Feodor Dostoyevski Arasında Tahkiye Anlayışı Bakımından Bir Karşılaştırma'dır. Bu çalışma, Türk öykücülerinden biri olan Rasim Özdenören ile Rus klasiklerinden Feodor Dostoyevski'nin eserlerini inceleyen bir mukayeseli edebiyat araştırmasıdır. Adı geçen yazarların tahkiye metinleri incelenmiş; mekân, zaman, olay örgüsü, şahıs kadrosu, konular, dil ve üslûp açısından değerlendirilmiştir. Ayrıca çalışmamızın sonunda Rasim Özdenören ile yaptığımız bir sö...

  3. Osteomyelitis der Wirbelsäule und Bildung eines Abzesses am linken Oberschenkel nach Implantation eines endovaskulären Strents in die Arteria femoralis superficialis sinistra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brodmann M

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Die perkutane transluminale Angioplastie (PTA mit nachfolgender Implantation von selbstexpandierbaren intravaskulären Stents ist mittlerweile eine etablierte Methode zur Behandlung von arteriosklerotischen Läsionen geworden. Nachfolgende septische Komplikationen dieses Eingriffes, manches Mal mit tödlichem Ausgang, sind in der Literatur beschrieben, gelten jedoch als sehr selten. Daher gibt es auch eine sehr kontroversielle Meinung über die prophylaktische Gabe von Antibiotika bei der Implantation von Stents. Wir beschreiben einen Patienten, dem ein gecoverter Stent in die Arteria femoralis superficialis sinistra implantiert wurde und bei dem sich nachfolgend ein Abszeß um den Stent entwickelte. Der Patient hatte weder vor der Stentimplantation eine prophylaktische, noch im Anschluß eine begleitende antibiotische Therapie erhalten. Nach Diagnose des Abszesses wurde der Patient antibiotisch massiv abgedeckt und konnte in zufriedenstellendem Allgemeinzustand nach Hause entlassen werde. Zu Hause jedoch setzte der Patient seine antibiotische Therapie ab. Daraufhin entwickelte der Patient Zeichen einer schweren Allgemeinsepsis mit einer Spondylodiscitis im Bereich von TH 12 und L1 mit prae- und paravertebraler Infiltration, so wie auch einen Abszeß im Bereich des linken Musculus psoas.

  4. A chemostratigraphic method to determine the end of impact-related sedimentation at marine-target impact craters (Chesapeake Bay, Lockne, Tvären)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ormö, Jens; Hill, Andrew C.; Self-Trail, Jean M.

    2010-01-01

    To better understand the impact cratering process and its environmental consequences at the local to global scale, it is important to know when in the geological record of an impact crater the impact-related processes cease. In many instances, this occurs with the end of early crater modification, leaving an obvious sedimentological boundary between impactites and secular sediments. However, in marine-target craters the transition from early crater collapse (i.e., water resurge) to postimpact sedimentation can appear gradual. With the a priori assumption that the reworked target materials of the resurge deposits have a different chemical composition to the secular sediments we use chemostratigraphy (δ13Ccarb, %Corg, major elements) of sediments from the Chesapeake Bay, Lockne, and Tvären craters, to define this boundary. We show that the end of impact-related sedimentation in these cases is fairly rapid, and does not necessarily coincide with a visual boundary (e.g., grain size shift). Therefore, in some cases, the boundary is more precisely determined by chemostratigraphy, especially carbonate carbon isotope variations, rather than by visual inspection. It is also shown how chemostratigraphy can confirm the age of marine-target craters that were previously determined by biostratigraphy; by comparing postimpact carbon isotope trends with established regional trends.

  5. Management von Patienten vor und nach Implantation eines transjugulären intrahepatischen portosystemischen Shunts (TIPS - Bericht der Vienna TIPS Study Group

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angermayr B

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Die Implantation eines transjugulären intrahepatischen portosystemischen Shunts (TIPS ist ein minimal-invasiver Eingriff zur Therapie und Prävention der Komplikationen von portaler Hypertension durch Senkung des portalvenösen Drucks. In Wien werden seit 1991 TIPS-Implantationen durchgeführt und bis heute wurden über 560 Patienten an 5 verschiedenen Zentren mit TIPS therapiert. Im Rahmen der multizentischen Kooperation wurde es offensichtlich, daß durch ein einheitliches Vorgehen innerhalb der Zentren, welche TIPS-Implantationen durchführen, die Evaluation von Patientendaten und Ergebnissen wesentlich vereinfacht würde und die Qualität der Betreuung verbessert werden könnte. Weiters würde dies einen Vergleich der verschiedenen Institutionen auch in Hinblick auf Qualitätsmanagement vereinfachen. Deshalb einigten sich die beteiligten Zentren auf (1. Erhebung von Basisdaten und Durchführung von gewissen Untersuchungen im Rahmen der TIPS-Evaluation, (2. einen standardisierten Befundbericht der Implantation und (3. eine einheitliche medikamentöse Therapie nach TIPS. Das vorliegende Statement repräsentiert die aktuellen Konsensus-Empfehlungen für TIPS-Implantationen in Wien, die auf jeden TIPS-Patienten angewendet werden sollten, unabhängig von anderen individuellen Untersuchungen und Therapien.

  6. Cap a l'ordre simbòlic femení: La passió segons Renée Vivien

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lluïsa Julià

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available This article is an interpretation of the novel which Maria-Mercè Marçal published in 1994. It highlights the main elements of the feminine symbolic space constructed out of her own sexuality and declared as different from the masculine one, taking the mythical, symbolical and real character of Renée Vivien as a starting point. Around this figment of imagination the feminine past is brought to mind and a possible future is worked out, a historical and literary universe which allows us to talk about women –with a paricular emphasis placed on the woman artist– from a complete perspective. Some referents which stand out in the novel out of her own imaginary, reproduced and created by the author, are described. In this respect, the writer's intellectual, poetic and ironical response in the cultural debate which women´s creativity continues to assume is stressed, and a few keys to the respect are given.

  7. Suan Zao Ren Tang in Combination with Zhi Zi Chi Tang as a Treatment Protocol for Insomniacs with Anxiety: A Randomized Parallel-Controlled Trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lin-lin Hu

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Insomnia is a serious worldwide health problem that is often comorbid with anxiety. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of a Chinese formula containing Suan Zao Ren Tang (SZRT and Zhi Zi Chi Tang (ZZCT; SZR-ZZC for improving sleep quality and anxiety states with four indices of Polysomnography (PSG, the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI, and the Self Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS. Methods. A randomized, parallel-controlled trial compared SZR-ZZC to lorazepam tablet in insomniacs with anxiety. Patients were randomized to the SZR-ZZC treatment group (n=60 and the lorazepam tablet treatment group (n=59. Results. SZR-ZZC significantly improved scores on all four treatment indices. Compared with lorazepam, treatment with SZR-ZZC resulted in a significant reduction in the ISI (P=0.029, the PSQI (P=0.017, and wake after sleep onset (WASO; P=0.008 scores and improved sleep architecture (P=0.000–0.003 after a 4-week treatment period. Only one subject in the SZR-ZZC group experienced adverse side effects. Conclusion. Treatment with SZR-ZZC for 4 weeks appears to be a relatively safe and effective complementary therapeutic option when aiming to improve sleep quality and anxiety in insomniacs with anxiety.

  8. Chronic estrogen treatment in female transgenic (mRen2)27 hypertensive rats augments endothelium-derived nitric oxide release.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, P; Ferrario, C M; Ganten, D; Brosnihan, K B

    1997-06-01

    Postmenopausal estrogen replacement therapy is associated with a reduction in cardiovascular events in women, but the mechanisms for this protection are unclear, especially in hypertensive subjects. In this study we investigated the effects of 17beta-estradiol (E2) treatment on blood pressure and endothelial function of transgenic [(mRen2)27] hypertensive and normotensive rats. Thirty female transgenic negative [Tg(-)] and hypertensive positive [Tg(+)] rats were ovariectomized and received either E2 (1.5 mg/rat, subcutaneously, for 3 weeks) or placebo. Chronic 17beta-estradiol treatment lowered mean blood pressure in both Tg hypertensive (159 +/- 4 v 145 +/- 4 mm Hg, P calcium ionophore (A23187)-induced endothelium-dependent relaxation was less potent in Tg(+) as compared to Tg(-) rats and was enhanced by E2 treatment only in Tg(+) animals. There were no differences in the vasodilator responses elicited by sodium nitroprusside. Removal of endothelium and blockade of NO production abolished the endothelium-dependent vasodilation. The selective NO synthase inhibitor, N(G)-monomethyl-L-arginine (LMMNA), was used to evaluate indirectly the basal contribution of NO in vascular rings. The response to LMMNA was attenuated in untreated Tg(+) as compared to Tg(-) rats. E2 treatment augmented the contraction response to NOS inhibition in both Tg(+) and Tg(-) rats, resulting in a response in Tg(+) rats that was no different from Tg(-) rats. These results indicate that untreated, surgically ovariectomized hypertensive rats show deficiencies in endothelial function, which can be improved by estrogen replacement.

  9. Caracterización de la conducta suicida en el Policlínico "René Ávila Reyes". Holguín 2007-2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eisy Mercedes Infantes Pérez

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Aborda un estudio descriptivo, de series de casos sobre el comportamiento de la conducta suicida en el Policlínico ¿René Ávila Reyes¿, Holguín .2007-2008. La muestra estuvo integrada por 52 pacientes con conducta suicida. Para la obtención de información se revisaron Historias Clínicas y discusiones de casos. En el intento suicida hubo un mayor predominio en los adolescentes, las mujeres y amas de casa. Las edades de 31 a 40 años, del sexo masculino y desocupados, se señalaron con mayor comportamiento en el suicidio. Los métodos más empleados para realizar el intento correspondieron a la ingestión de tabletas y el ahorcamiento para al suicidio. Los antecedentes patológicos familiares y personales de conducta suicida se señalaron como factor importante y el problema principal que desencadenó la conducta correspondió a la depresión marcada. Se recomendó el diseño de una estrategia de intervención comunitaria para lograr un impacto en el área de salud.

  10. In Honor of the 80th Birthdays of Professors SHEN JiaCong, SHEN ZhiQuan and ZHUO RenXi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Bai; GAO ChangYou; ZHANG XianZheng

    2011-01-01

    Professors SHEN JiaCong,SHEN ZhiQuau aud ZHUO RenXi are famous chemists and educationists of China,and academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.Although born in 1931 and approaching their 80th birthdays,these scientists are still very active in both research and education.Many of their students have become professors and leaders at universities in China,the US,and other countries.The three professors have made significant contributions to the promotion and growth of polymer science in China.To commemorate their 80th birthdays,the editorial board of Science China Chemistry has produced this special issue in Chinese and English Editions.We are honored to dedicate this issue to them.We thank the many professors who have contributed a great deal of time and effort to this special issue on writing and reviewing.We also thank the editorial staffs of Science China Chemistry,Dr ZHU XiaoWen,and Dr TIAN Ying for their work on the design,organization,editing and production of this issue.

  11. Suan zao ren tang in combination with zhi zi chi tang as a treatment protocol for insomniacs with anxiety: a randomized parallel-controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Lin-Lin; Zhang, Xin; Liu, Wen-Juan; Li, Mei; Zhang, Yong-Hua

    2015-01-01

    Insomnia is a serious worldwide health problem that is often comorbid with anxiety. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of a Chinese formula containing Suan Zao Ren Tang (SZRT) and Zhi Zi Chi Tang (ZZCT; SZR-ZZC) for improving sleep quality and anxiety states with four indices of Polysomnography (PSG), the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and the Self Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS). Methods. A randomized, parallel-controlled trial compared SZR-ZZC to lorazepam tablet in insomniacs with anxiety. Patients were randomized to the SZR-ZZC treatment group (n = 60) and the lorazepam tablet treatment group (n = 59). Results. SZR-ZZC significantly improved scores on all four treatment indices. Compared with lorazepam, treatment with SZR-ZZC resulted in a significant reduction in the ISI (P = 0.029), the PSQI (P = 0.017), and wake after sleep onset (WASO; P = 0.008) scores and improved sleep architecture (P = 0.000-0.003) after a 4-week treatment period. Only one subject in the SZR-ZZC group experienced adverse side effects. Conclusion. Treatment with SZR-ZZC for 4 weeks appears to be a relatively safe and effective complementary therapeutic option when aiming to improve sleep quality and anxiety in insomniacs with anxiety.

  12. René Andioc tenía razón: la Continuación del Semanario de Salamanca (1800

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro ÁLVAREZ DE MIRANDA

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo está destinado a resolver uno de los «enigmas histórico- literarios» que René Andioc planteó en uno suyo de 1992. Había indicios de que el Semanario de Salamanca, publicación supuestamente concluida en 1798 (no se conocían ejemplares posteriores, había tenido una continuidad posterior, puesto que esos indicios sugerían que un artículo relacionado con Moratín se había publicado en el número del 19 de abril de 1800 de dicho periódico. Aquí se da a conocer la existencia de tres ejemplares (uno de ellos de desigual extensión frente a los otros dos de una Continuación del Semanario de Salamanca (enero a junio de 1800, en cuyo número del 19 de abril figura, en efecto, un escrito firmado por «P. OzerínJáuregui y Z.» que es una réplica al Examen en que Cristóbal Cladera había criticado la traducción del Hamlet por Moratín

  13. Application of Horizontal Subsurface Flow Constructed Wetland Systems for Domestic Wastewater Treatment: A Case Study, Kızılcaören

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fulya Aydın Temel

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Constructed wetlands (CWs are a green technology that have been used to treat several types of wastewater such as domestic, industrial, agricultural wastewaters and landfill leachate. CWs have several advantages included land intensive, low energy, easy operation and maintenance, low investment/operational costs, landscape esthetics, reuse of waters, and increased wildlife habitat compared to conventional systems. CWs are alternative treatment technologies due to these properties especially for rural settlements, industries, and hotels that are remote locations from central treatment plants. Physical, chemical, and biological treatment mechanisms can employ together in CWs. In the present study, two parallel full scale horizontal subsurface flow constructed wetlands were designed to treat domestic wastewater of Kızılcaören village in Samsun, Turkey. Juncus acutus and Cortaderia selloana were selected and the removal performance of each species were evaluated. During 7 months operation, the mean removal efficiencies of Juncus acutus and Cortaderia selloana were found as 33% and 32% for Mg2+; 62% and 55% for Fe2+; 64% and 56% for Fe3+; 46% and 37% for Cl2; 48% and 39% for total Cl2; 26% and 37% for Ca2+; 28% and 23% for SAA, respectively. Also, the Two-way ANOVA between groups was applied to determine any difference for the removal of all parameters between the plant types and months on the mean values of pollutants removal.

  14. From Rat to Human: Regulation of Renin-Angiotensin System Genes by Sry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeremy W. Prokop

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The testis determining protein, Sry, has functions outside of testis determination. Multiple Sry loci are found on the Y-chromosome. Proteins from these loci have differential activity on promoters of renin-angiotensin system genes, possibly contributing to elevation of blood pressure. Variation at amino acid 76 accounts for the majority of differential effects by rat proteins Sry1 and Sry3. Human SRY regulated rat promoters in the same manner as rat Sry, elevating Agt, Ren, and Ace promoter activity while downregulating Ace 2. Human SRY significantly regulated human promoters of AGT, REN, ACE2, AT2, and MAS compared to control levels, elevating AGT and REN promoter activity while decreasing ACE2, AT2, and MAS. While the effect of human SRY on individual genes is often modest, we show that many different genes participating in the renin-angiotensin system can be affected by SRY, apparently in coordinated fashion, to produce more Ang II and less Ang-(1–7.

  15. Human-in-the-loop Control of Multi-agent Aerial Systems Under Intermittent Communication

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-08

    is decentralized, scenarios with unequal trusts values toward an agent need to be handled with caution in order not to compromise the collective...arm are consistent in size, mass and shape (i.e. their mass mL, kinematic parameter a and tensor of inertia JL are identical). Valve, knob, and handle ...station operations,” in Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 2003. [33] W. Ren and R. Beard, Distributed consensus in multi

  16. The HAT TRICK programme for improving physical activity, healthy eating and connectedness among overweight, inactive men: study protocol of a pragmatic feasibility trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caperchione, Cristina M; Bottorff, Joan L; Oliffe, John L; Johnson, Steven T; Hunt, Kate; Sharp, Paul; Fitzpatrick, Kayla M; Price, Ryley; Goldenberg, S Larry

    2017-09-06

    Physical activity, healthy eating and maintaining a healthy weight are associated with reduced risk of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes and cancer and with improved mental health. Despite these benefits, many men do not meet recommended physical activity guidelines and have poor eating behaviours. Many health promotion programmes hold little appeal to men and consequently fail to influence men's health practices. HAT TRICK was designed as a 12-week face-to-face, gender-sensitised intervention for overweight and inactive men focusing on physical activity, healthy eating and social connectedness and was delivered in collaboration with a major junior Canadian ice hockey team (age range 16-20 years). The programme was implemented and evaluated to assess its feasibility. This article describes the intervention design and study protocol of HAT TRICK. HAT TRICK participants (n=60) were men age 35 years, residing in the Okanagan Region of British Columbia, who accumulate 150 min of moderate to vigorous physical activity a week, with a body mass index of >25 kg/m(2) and a pant waist size of >38'. Each 90 min weekly session included targeted health education and theory-guided behavioural change techniques, as well as a progressive (ie, an increase in duration and intensity) group physical activity component. Outcome measures were collected at baseline, 12 weeks and 9 months and included the following: objectively measured anthropometrics, blood pressure, heart rate, physical activity and sedentary behaviour, as well as self-reported physical activity, sedentary behaviour, diet, smoking, alcohol consumption, sleep habits, risk of depression, health-related quality of life and social connectedness. Programme feasibility data (eg, recruitment, satisfaction, adherence, content delivery) were assessed at 12 weeks via interviews and self-report. Ethical approval was obtained from the University of British Columbia Okanagan Behavioural Research Ethics Board (reference no H

  17. Time-dependent effects of electroacupuncture at the Ren channel on extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1/2 expression in focal cerebral ischemia rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhuoxin Yang; Lihong Diao; Haibo Yu; Wenshu Luo; Ling Wang; Min Pi; Xiaodan Rao; Junhua Peng

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The onset of focal cerebral ischemia activates extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1 and 2, regulates cell cycle, promotes cell proliferation and differentiation, and affects the normal stage and function of brain cells.OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of electroacupuncture at the Ren channel on extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1/2 expression in the lateral cerebral ventricle wall of rats with focal cerebral ischemia. The effects were analyzed at different time points after intervention.DESIGN: Randomized controlled study.SETTING: Department of Anatomy, Sun Yat-Sen University. MATERIALS: A total of 60 healthy adult male Wistar rats weighing (250±10) g were provided by the Experimental Animal Center, Medical College of Sun Yat-Sen University. The animal experiment was conducted with confirmed consent by the local ethics committee. The GB6805-Ⅱ electric acupuncture apparatus was provided by Shanghai Medical Equipment High-techno Company. METHODS: The experiment was performed at the Laboratory of Anatomy, Sun Yat-Sen University, from February to July 2007. All experimental animals were randomly divided into the following groups: normal group (n = 6), sham operation group (n = 18), model group (n = 18), and electroacupuncture group (n = 18). Middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) was performed in the model group and electroacupuncture group. Zea Longa's grading standard was used to assess neurological impairment after reperfusion; animals whose grades were between 1 and 4 were included in this study. The normal control group was not exposed to MCAO. In sham operation animals, the right common carotid artery (CCA) was isolated, and the external carotid artery (ECA) was damaged, but no embolism was induced. The electroacupuncture group was given acupuncture on the second day after surgery. The acupoint locations were chosen according to Experimental Acupuncture (People's Publishing House; 1997; First Edition). The Chengjiang, Qihai, and Guanyuan

  18. Efeito da conexidade de dados sobre a acurácia dos testes de progênie e performance Data connectedness effect on the accuracy of progeny and performance tests

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Policarpo Souza Carneiro

    2001-04-01

    Full Text Available Dados simulados foram utilizados para verificar o efeito da conexidade sobre a acurácia dos testes de progênie e performance. O genoma simulado foi constituído de uma característica quantitativa governada por 500 locos. Simulou-se o efeito de rebanho (9 rebanhos significativo a 5% de probabilidade pelo teste F. Foram simulados arranjos de dados com 0, 15, 30, 60, 90 e 100% de conexidade para herdabilidades 0,10; 0,30; e 0,60 e para diferentes tamanhos de progênie (9, 54 e 90 progênies/reprodutor. A cada geração foram selecionados nove machos e o número de fêmeas selecionadas variou de acordo com o número de progênies considerado em cada arranjo de dados. A seleção foi efetuada em dez gerações, sendo este processo repetido por 30 vezes. O uso de dados com baixa conexidade reduziu a acurácia dos testes considerados, e a maior importância da conexidade ocorreu para baixa herdabilidade e reduzido tamanho da progênie. Apesar de ter sido observado efeito da conexidade, a herdabilidade e o tamanho da progênie tiveram maior influência na avaliação genética.Simulated data were used to verify the effect of the connectedness on the accuracy of progeny and performance tests. The simulated genome was formed from a quantitative trait governed by 500 loci. Significance herd effect (9 herds by 5% probability F test was simulated. Data sets with 0, 15, 30, 60, 90 and 100% of connectedness for heritabilities 0.10, 0.30 and 0.60 and for different progeny sizes (9, 54 and 90 progenies/sire were simulated. In each generation nine males were selected and the number of selected females shifted according to the number of progenies considering in each data arrange. The selection was accomplished in ten generations, where the process was repeated 30 times. Data with smaller connectedness reduced the accuracy of both tests and the connectedness was more important for small heritability and small progeny size. The heritability and the progeny size

  19. Catalytic properties of an organic solvent-resistant tyrosinase from Streptomyces sp. REN-21 and its high-level production in E. coli.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ito, Masaaki; Inouye, Kuniyo

    2005-10-01

    An organic solvent-resistant tyrosinase (OSRT) from Streptomyces sp. REN-21 is a unique enzyme showing high activity in the presence of organic solvents. The OSRT-catalyzed oxidation of monophenols such as tyrosine-containing peptides and proteins was examined. The catalytic properties of OSRT were compared with those of mushroom tyrosinase. OSRT was shown to oxidize Gly-l-Tyr most effectively among four peptide substrates tested. On the other hand, mushroom tyrosinase showed the highest activity toward l-Tyr-Gly under the condition of 1 mM substrate. OSRT oxidized several proteins, including casein and hemoglobin, with relatively higher activity compared with mushroom tyrosinase under the condition of 1% (w/v) substrate. Thus, it was clarified that the catalytic properties of OSRT toward tyrosine-containing peptides and proteins are different from those of mushroom tyrosinase under these conditions. The OSRT-encoding gene operon was cloned, and found to consist of two genes, designated ORF-OSRT and ORF-393. The former encodes apo-OSRT, and the latter encodes the putative activator protein of apo-OSRT. A binuclear copper-binding site (type-3 copper site) characteristic of tyrosinases is contained in the deduced amino acid sequence for apo-OSRT. A high-level production system for the OSRT was constructed using pET20b(+) and Escherichia coli BL21(DE3)pLysS. Approximately 54 mg of active OSRT was synthesized in a 1-liter broth culture by this system. The properties of the recombinant OSRT were similar to those of the wild-type enzyme. In conclusion, we succeeded in constructing a high-level production system for OSRT.

  20. „Es wurde mehr als nur ein Elfchen...“. Literarisches Lernen mit Chamisso-Literatur – Lernen im Dialog im universitären Kontext

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Glotz

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Der Umgang mit Literatur ist in der Lehramtsausbildung des Faches Deutsch als Zweitsprache von zentraler Bedeutung. Einen besonderen Mehrwert für didaktische Konzeptionen in universitären Veranstaltungen besitzen in diesem Zusammenhang literarische Werke, die eine literarische Hybridität fokussieren. Der vorliegende Beitrag stellte dar, wie literarisches Lernen nach Spinner (2006  am Beispiel der Chamisso-Autorin Uljana Wolf erfolgen kann. Dabei werden die ersten drei Aspekte – Lebendige Vorstellungen entwickeln, Subjektive Involviertheit und genaue Textwahrnehmung miteinander ins Spiel bringen und Sprachliche Gestaltung bewusst wahrnehmen – des literarischen Lernens von Spinner genauer in den Blick genommen, wobei aufgezeigt wird, welche Wirkung die im Text angelegte literarische Hybridität auf die Studierenden hat. Methodisch orientiert sich das vorgestellte Projekt am dialogischen Lernen nach Gallin und Ruf (2014. Die Ergebnisse lassen Rückschlüsse zu, wie Inhalte einer transkulturellen Literaturdidaktik in die Lehramtsausbildung integriert werden können. Engaging with literary texts is not only a central component when studying to become a teacher for German as a first but also as a second language. Works of literature displaying literary hybridity seem to be of particular interest for university level didactics. The following paper will show how Spinner’s (2006 conception for literary learning can be adapted when working with texts by Chamisso-author Uljana Wolf. It will focus on the first three aspects of literary learning – developing vivid images when engaging with a text, balancing subjective involvement and detailed perception and paying close attention to the linguistic style – and show how students perceive the literary hybridity inherent in the text. The methodology will be based on Gallin and Ruf’s concept of dialogical learning (2014. The paper will conclude by discussing how contents of a transcultural

  1. Intrarenal alterations of the angiotensin-converting enzyme type 2/angiotensin 1-7 complex of the renin-angiotensin system do not alter the course of malignant hypertension in Cyp1a1-Ren-2 transgenic rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Husková, Zuzana; Kopkan, Libor; Červenková, Lenka; Doleželová, Šárka; Vaňourková, Zdeňka; Škaroupková, Petra; Nishiyama, Akira; Kompanowska-Jezierska, Elzbieta; Sadowski, Janusz; Kramer, Herbert J; Červenka, Luděk

    2016-04-01

    The role of the intrarenal renin-angiotensin system (RAS) in the pathophysiology of malignant hypertension is not fully understood. Accumulating evidence indicates that the recently discovered vasodilator axis of the RAS, angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) type 2 (ACE2)/angiotensin 1-7 (ANG 1-7), constitutes an endogenous system counterbalancing the hypertensiogenic axis, ACE/angiotensin II (ANG II)/AT1 receptor. This study aimed to evaluate the role of the intrarenal vasodilator RAS axis in the pathophysiology of ANG II-dependent malignant hypertension in Cyp1a1-Ren-2 transgenic rats. ANG II-dependent malignant hypertension was induced by 13 days' dietary administration of indole-3-carbinol (I3C), a natural xenobiotic that activates the mouse renin gene in Cyp1a1-Ren-2 transgenic rats. It was hypothesized that pharmacologically-induced inhibition of the ACE2/ANG 1-7 complex should aggravate, and activation of this axis should attenuate, the course of ANG II-dependent malignant hypertension. Blood pressure (BP) was monitored by radiotelemetry. ACE2 inhibitor (DX 600, 0.2 μg/day) and ACE2 activator (DIZE, 1 mg/day) were administrated via osmotic minipumps. Even though ACE2 inhibitor significantly decreased and ACE2 activator increased intrarenal ANG 1-7 concentrations, the course of BP, as well as of albuminuria, cardiac hypertrophy and renal glomerular damage, were not altered. It was shown that intrarenal alterations in the ACE2/ANG 1-7 complex did not significantly modify the course of malignant hypertension in I3C-induced Cyp1a1-Ren-2 transgenic rats. Thus, in our experimental setting alterations of this intrarenal vasodilator complex of the RAS do not significantly modify the form of malignant hypertension that clearly depends on the inappropriately increased activity of the ACE/ANG II/AT1 receptor axis.

  2. Caracterización de la violencia intrafamiliar hacia la mujer. Consultorio No 1. Policlínico "René Ávila Reyes. Holguín. 2008

    OpenAIRE

    Eisy Mercedes Infantes Pérez; Tatiana Zoila Ochoa Roca; Kenia Hechevarría Barzaga

    2009-01-01

    Aborda un estudio descriptivo y transversal sobre el comportamiento de la violencia intrafamiliar hacia la mujer, en el consultorio 1 del Policlínico "René Ávila Reyes", en Holguín en el año 2008. La muestra quedó conformada por 101 mujeres, que luego de aplicarle una entrevista refirieron haber sido sometida a algún acto de violencia por parte de su pareja. Existió un mayor comportamiento de la violencia intrafamiliar en mujeres en edades comprendidas de 25 a 44 años, con escolaridad de preu...

  3. Clinical observation about "connecting and regulating Ren Du" acupuncture interposed nursing care for primary insomnia%调任通督针刺联合护理干预对失眠症的临床效果观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丘凤贤; 皮敏; 缑燕华

    2012-01-01

      目的探讨调任通督治疗并实施护理干预对失眠患者睡眠的影响。方法将57例失眠患者随机分为对照组28例和干预组29例,对照组给予调任通督针刺治疗,干预组在调任通督治疗基础上实施护理干预,观察2组患者心理健康状况、睡眠质量、临床疗效及治疗依从性,并进行比较。结果干预组患者治愈率明显高于对照组,心理健康状况、睡眠质量指标及对治疗的依从性亦明显优于对照组。结论调任通督针刺并实施护理干预是治疗失眠症的有效方法。%  Objective To discuss the influence of "connecting and regulating Ren Du" acupuncture interposed nursing care for primary insomnia sufferers. Methods 57 primary insomnia cases that met including criteria were randomized divided into 2 groups: 28 cases in "connecting and regulating Ren Du" acupuncture group (control group)and 29 cases in treatment group. In treatment group, "con-necting and regulating Ren Du" acupuncture interposed nursing care method was used. The psychology health condition, sleep quality, curative effect, and compliance of these two groups were observed and compared. Results The cure rate, psychology health condition, sleep quality, and compliance of treatment group were obviously better than control group. Conclusion "connecting and regulating Ren Du" acupuncture interposed with nursing carecan be a effective method for primary insomnia treatment.

  4. The clinical study of QiRen anti-wrinkle cream geting rid of wrinkles%芪人抗皱霜祛皱作用的临床研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐志铭; 翟晓翔; 张翠侠; 陈向辉; 李敬果; 陈苏; 曹广法

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy of QiRen anti-wrinkle cream getting rid of wrinkles. Methods the 90 subjects met the inclusion criteria were randomly divided into experimental and control groups. On the skin test sites, the two group Separately coated with QiRen anti-wrinkle cream and ordinary wrinkle cream twice a day morning and evening, for the period of 40 days.Before and after testing, the subjects were pictured for evaluating the skin wrinkle grade and points.and copy skin wrinkles model with the silicone rubber for analysis and processing by the image analysis software. Results Clinical observations show that the QiRen anti-wrinkle cream can reduce the wrinkles credits, the wrinkle depth and the skin roughness, and better than the control group (P<0.01). Conclusion QiRen anti-wrinkle cream who has a good wrinkle cosmetic effect is a safe and effective beauty product and did not find any adverse reaction.%目的:探讨芪人抗皱霜祛除皮肤皱纹的临床疗效.方法:将90例符合纳入标准的受试对象随机分为试验组和对照组.试验组使用芪人抗皱霜,对照组使用普通祛皱霜,分别于皮肤皱纹测试部位外涂,每日早晚各涂一次,使用周期为40天.试验前后均拍照进行皮肤皱纹等级及积分评价,同时用硅橡胶复制皮肤皱纹模型,应用图象分析软件对其进行分析处理.结果:临床观察结果表明,芪人抗皱霜能够降低受试对象的皱纹积分,降低皮肤皱纹深度及皮肤皱纹粗糙度,并优于对照组(P<0.01).结论:芪人抗皱霜有较好的祛皱美容作用,未发现任何不良反应,不失为一种安全有效的美容产品.

  5. El pluralismo constitucional como respuesta a los desafíos de la protección multinivel en Latinoamérica. Comentarios a la propuesta de René Urueña

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paola Andrea Acosta Alvarado

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Este documento presenta algunos comentarios en torno a la propuesta elevada por René Urueña en su reciente artículo titulado “Luchas locales, cortes internacionales: una exploración de la protección multinivel de los derechos humanos en América Latina”. Luego de apoyar la propuesta del citado autor, el documento aclara la forma que adopta el modelo multinivel de protección en el escenario latinoamericano, y defiende la idea de que dicho andamiaje debe leerse desde la perspectiva del constitucionalismo multinivel y, por lo tanto, del pluralismo constitucional.

  6. Caracterización de la violencia intrafamiliar hacia la mujer. Consultorio No 1. Policlínico "René Ávila Reyes. Holguín. 2008

    OpenAIRE

    Eisy Mercedes Infantes Pérez; Tatiana Zoila Ochoa Roca; Kenia Hechevarría Barzaga

    2009-01-01

    Aborda un estudio descriptivo y transversal sobre el comportamiento de la violencia intrafamiliar hacia la mujer, en el consultorio 1 del Policlínico "René Ávila Reyes", en Holguín en el año 2008. La muestra quedó conformada por 101 mujeres, que luego de aplicarle una entrevista refirieron haber sido sometida a algún acto de violencia por parte de su pareja. Existió un mayor comportamiento de la violencia intrafamiliar en mujeres en edades comprendidas de 25 a 44 años, con escolaridad de preu...

  7. Normalkoordinatenanalyse von primären, sekundären und tertiären organoplumbylaminen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Götze, H.-J.; Garbe, W.

    Normal coordinate analysis of the following primary, secondary and tertiary organo-lead amines has been carried out: ( t-C 4H 9) 3PbNH 2, [( i-C 3H 7) 3Pb] 2NH and [(CH 3) 3Pb] 3N. The isotopic data ( 15N, ND) were used in order to obtain the best agreement between the observed and calculated vibrational frequencies. The force constant calculation yields in all cases a PbN force constant of 1.95 × 10 2N/m, which is in a good agreement with an ionic character of the PbN bond. The very small difference of frequency Δν e,s(Pb 3N) = 45 cm -1 is reproduced in a plausible manner by the potential energy distribution. This fact is an indication of the smallest MeNMe angle of the tertiary amines in the fourth main group.

  8. THE FACTORS THAT LEAD NAMIK KEMAL TO VICTOR HUGO ABSTRACT NAMIK KEMAL’İ VICTOR HUGO’YA GÖTÜREN ETKENLER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdulhalim AYDIN

    2011-09-01

    üyük ölçüde bir üstat ve model olarak gördüğü Fransız şairi V. Hugo'yu izleyerek yapmıştır. Hugo onun için sanat ve edebiyat için yeni bir edebiyatın kapısı olmuşken sözünü ettiğimiz toplum ve toplum düzeniyle ilgili düşünceleri açısından da toplumsal değişimin kaynağı olmuştur. Bu açıdan, Hugo'nun eserlerinde ve özellikle piyeslerinde savunduğu görüşleri Kemal tarafından büyük bir ilgi ve dikkatle izlenmiştir. Bu çalışmada, bu bağlamda Kemal'i Hugo'ya götüren etkenler üzerinde durulmaya çalışılacaktır.

  9. Symptoms, syndrome types and therapeutic principles in medical records of diabetes differentiated and treated by Professor LV Ren-he%吕仁和辨治糖尿病医案症状、证候和治则解析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖永华; 王世东; 李靖; 高菁; 赵进喜; 吕仁和

    2011-01-01

    目的 通过对吕仁和治疗糖尿病医案中医辨证要素的统计分析,总结吕仁和教授分期辨治糖尿病的学术思想.方法 128例经吕仁和教授诊治的糖尿病医案,经过“解析和标引”预处理,借助“中医医案数据库”的统计分析功能,将医案分成脾瘅期、消渴期、消瘅期三期,分别统计分析其症状体征、证候和治则.结果 脾瘅期症状以倦怠乏力、口干最突出,气阴两虚证可能在脾瘅期较为常见.消渴期黄苔出现几率最高,瘀血阻络证居证候统计的第2位,提示热证与血瘀证均是消渴期常见的重要标实证候,肝肾阴虚和气阴亏虚是消渴期常见的本虚证型,吕仁和教授既往总结的脾肾阳虚证相对少见.消瘅期症状以倦怠乏力、腰酸痛、目昏较常见,提示肝肾两虚在此期尤为明显,湿热、痰饮、瘀血在消瘅期普遍存在,彼此胶结,共同酿成“浊毒”;证候统计显示瘀血阻络证居首位,与前两期的证候统计结果相比,表明随着病程进展,瘀血阻络证出现频次明显增加,符合吕仁和教授的“微型癥瘕”病理假说;治则的统计结果与吕仁和教授认识的此期“气血阴阳俱虚、浊毒内停”的证候特点相吻合.结论 糖尿病三期医案的症状、证候和治则分析内在吻合度良好,且与吕仁和教授糖尿病分期理论相符合.%Objective To sum up the academic thought of Professor LV Ren-he's in differentiation and treatment of diabetes at stages through the statistical analysis on the factors of TCM syndrome differentiation of diabetes in cases treated by Professor LV Ren-he. Methods The diabetic cases treated by Professor LV Ren-he ( n - 128) were classified into Pidan stage, Xiaoke stage and Xiaodan stage based on the statistical function of TCM Medical Record Database after the pretreatment with resolution and indexing. The symptoms, signs, syndromes and therapeutic principles were analysed respectively

  10. 多目标主从向量集值优化Benson真有效解的连通性%Connectedness of Benson proper efficiency in vector top-base optimization of set-valued maps

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    盛宝怀; 刘三阳

    2001-01-01

    讨论了向量集值优化问题Benson真有效集及Benson真有效解的连通性,证明了当目标函数为某类锥凸集值映射,序锥具有紧基时非空紧凸集上的Benson真有效点及Benson真有效解均为连通的.给出了多目标主从向量集值优化Benson真有效点及真有效解的连通性.%Connectedness of Benson proper efficient set and Benson properefficient solution set of vector optimization of set-valued maps are investigated. The results obtained actually imply that the Benson proper efficient set of the objective space is connected when the objective function is cone-subconvexlike, and that if the objective function is a cone convex set-valued mapping, the Benson proper efficient solution set is connected too. As an interesting application of the results, the connectednesses of the Benson proper efficient set and the Benson proper efficient solution set for the vector top-base optimization of set-valued maps are obtained.

  11. An Intersex of the Grasshopper Caryanda yini Mao et Ren, 2006 (Orthoptera: Caryandinae)%印氏卵翅蝗的一例间性体(直翅目:卵翅蝗亚科)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴爱国; 毛本勇; 张雅芝; 杨国辉; 施学良

    2012-01-01

    首次报道印氏卵翅蝗Caryanda yini Mao et Ren,2006的一例偏雄性间性体.该个体总体特征为雄性,特别是雄性外生殖器发育完全,雄性下生殖板锥形,但出现了一些典型的雌性特征:前翅棕色、腹部两侧棕色、第十腹节背板后缘无尾片、肛上板三角形、尾须顶端直;腹内有一条线形动物寄生,未见性腺.推测该间性体的形成可能与线形动物的寄生有关.

  12. 蚕用仁香散对家蚕真菌病的防效试验%The Study on the Control Efficacy of the Medicine (Ren Xiang San ) on Silkworm Mycosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苘娜娜; 严海建; 邵国昌; 倪春霄; 鲁华云; 梁大刚

    2011-01-01

    研究环保型蚕药——蚕用仁香散对家蚕真菌病的防治效果和对家蚕的生长发育、全茧量、茧层量的影响。试验结果表明蚕用仁香散对于家蚕真菌病具有良好的防治效果.是一种对家蚕安全的药剂。%Effect of the environment medicine (Ren Xiang San for silkworm )on the control efficacy of mycosis as well as the growth, whole cocoon weight and cocoon quality of silkworm was studied. The result showed the medicine for silkworm had good effect on the control efficacy of mycosis, and to be one security stuff for silkworm.

  13. Jean-Marc Berlière et René Lévy, Histoire des polices en France. De l’Ancien régime à nos jours

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurent López

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Ceux qui auront découvert l’histoire de la police et des policiers avec l’ouvrage de l’historien dijonnais Jean-Marc Berlière, publié en 1996, verront dans ce livre une suite trop longtemps attendue et un approfondissement désormais indispensable, enrichi des apports de la sociologie, représentée par René Lévy. La collaboration des deux scientifiques illustre la fécondité, pour ne pas écrire la nécessité, du croisement de l’archive et du témoignage comme ces complices anciens de la chose poli...

  14. Nachbarschaftsstreit am Mekong: König Anuvong und die Geschichte der prekären Lao-Thai-Beziehungen [Neighbourhood Disputes by the Mekong: King Anuvong and the History of the Precarious Lao-Thai Relationship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oliver Tappe

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Die wechselvolle gemeinsame Geschichte von Laos und Thailand kann an einer zentralen historischen Episode festgemacht werden: das Aufbegehren des Königs von Vientiane, Chao Anuvong, gegen die siamesische Oberherrschaft im 19. Jahrhundert. Der vorliegende Artikel stellt die Geschichte dieses gescheiterten Unternehmens ins Zentrum einer historischen Betrachtung des prekären Lao-Thai-Verhältnisses und beleuchtet ihre Nachwirkung in gegenwärtigen Erinnerungsdiskursen. --- The history of the relationship between Laos and Thailand is full of vicissitudes and conflicts. One of the most well-known episodes is the struggle of Chao Anuvong, King of Vientiane, against the Siamese suzerainty in the nineteenth century. The present article examines this crucial period of Lao-Thai history and puts it into the broader context of the historical relation between these two peoples. Moreover, the role of Chao Anuvong in current discourses of memory and history will be discussed.

  15. Konsensuspapier der D.A.CH.-Liga Homocystein über den rationellen klinischen Umgang mit Homocystein, Folsäure und B-Vitaminen bei kardiovaskulären und thrombotischen Erkrankungen - Richtlinien und Empfehlungen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stanger O

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Etwa die Hälfte aller Todesfälle sind auf Herz-Kreislauf-Erkrankungen bzw. deren Komplikationen zurückzuführen. Volkswirtschaft und Gesundheitswesen werden zusätzlich durch gewaltige Kosten für Arbeitsausfälle, Folgeerkrankungen und -behandlungen belastet, besonders unter dem Aspekt einer raschen Zunahme älterer Bevölkerungsschichten. Nachdem die konventionellen Risikofaktoren einen Teil der Fälle nicht erklären können, wird dem "neuen" Risikofaktor Homocystein großes Interesse entgegengebracht. Homocystein ist ein schwefelhaltiges Intermediärprodukt im Stoffwechsel der essentiellen Aminosäure Methionin. Defizite der Vitamine Folsäure, Vitamin B12 und B6 sowie eingeschränkte Enzymaktivitäten führen durch Abbauhemmung zur intrazellulären Konzentrationserhöhung von Homocystein. Zahlreiche retrospektive und prospektive Studien finden übereinstimmend eine unabhängige Beziehung zwischen bereits leicht erhöhtem Homocystein und kardiovaskulären Erkrankungen sowie der Gesamtmortalität. Eine Risikoerhöhung ist ab einem Homocysteinwert von etwa 10 mmol/l in einer linearen Dosis-Wirkungs-Beziehung ohne Schwellenwert darstellbar. Die Hyperhomocysteinämie als unabhängiger Risikofaktor für Herz-Kreislauf-Erkrankungen wird für etwa 10 % des Gesamtrisikos verantwortlich gemacht. Erhöhte Konzentrationen (moderate Hyperhomocysteinämie, über 12 µmol/l gelten als zelltoxisch und werden bei 5-10 % der Allgemeinbevölkerung und bei bis zu 40 % der Patienten mit Gefäßerkrankungen gemessen. Zusätzliche Risikofaktoren (Rauchen, arterieller Hypertonus, Diabetes und Hyperlipidämie können das Gesamtrisiko additiv oder durch Interaktion mit Homocystein synergistisch und überproportional erhöhen. Bei Hyperhomocysteinämie kommt es neben Veränderungen der Gefäßmorphologie zu einem Verlust der antithrombotischen Endothelfunktion und zur Induktion eines prokoagulatorischen Milieus. Den meisten der bekannten Schädigungen liegen

  16. Gutiérrez Zúñiga, Cristina, Renée de la Torre y Cintia Castro. 2011. Una ciudad donde habitan muchos dioses. Cartografía religiosa de Guadalajara.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arias Patricia

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Acaba de aparecer, el libro más reciente de dos de las investigadoras más reconocidas acerca del estudio de las formas complejas y cambiantes que asume la diversidad religiosa en México, Cristina Gutiérrez Zúñiga, Renée de la Torre y Cintia Castro (con la colaboración de Heriberto Cruz, Elías González y Edith Jiménez: Una ciudad donde habitan muchos dioses. Cartografía religiosa de Guadalajara es un nombre que atrapa y atraerá hasta al más escéptico.

  17. Albert Camus, René Char: fonction du paysage méditerranéen dans l'identité de l'artiste et de l'écrivain au XXeme siècle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nathalie Pacchiani

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Il arrive parfois qu’une œuvre soit un microcosme de la problématique existentielle d’un écrivain. Il en est ainsi de L’exil et le royaume ou Noces d’Albert Camus et Feuillets d’Hypnos de René Char. Ces œuvres, en effet, illustrent mieux que tout autre le rapport particulier qu’entretenaient les deux auteurs avec les éléments naturels et qui fut le fondement même de leur amitié. Si Albert Camus et René Char demeuraient liés par une vision commune et fondamentale de la place de l’homme dans le monde, cette quête va se matérialiser par une écriture particulière dont l’énergie ascendante puise ses forces tant dans la lumière du soleil que dans la sève d’une nature mystique. L’éclat des fragments poétiques de Char, l’iconicité du langage camusien donne naissance à une écriture “solaire” méditerranéenne, une écriture de l’unicité et de la rupture qui va permettre à l’homme de se reconstruire et de renouer par la création artistique, un lien avec une origine fondatrice. Étroitement liée à une pensée grecque, notamment celle d’Héraclite prônant une “ parole matinale ” c'est-à-dire une parole originelle seule capable d’“ approcher la présence de l’indémontrable ”, la création devient alors le lieu de tous les possibles.

  18. 亲子依恋、学校联结对初中生攻击性行为的影响%The Influence of Parent -adolescent Attachment and School Connectedness on Early Adolescents’ Aggressive Behaviors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李锦萍; 李董平; 张卫

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the influences and its’ mechanisms which parent -adolescent attachment and school connectedness on junior middle school students ’ aggressive behaviors .Methods :We randomly selected 697 students ;with the self -made questionnaire“adolescents’ aggressive behaviors questionnaire” ,“IPPA” ,“school con-nectedness questionnaire” and“normative beliefs questionnaire” ,we took a concentrate survey .Results:① The main effects of gender (Wilks’λ=0 9.1 ,P<0 0.01)and grade(Wilks’λ=0 9.8 ,P<0 0.1)were both significant .Boys’ phys-ical aggressions was significantly higher than girls” ,but the relational aggressions was contrary .The third grade students’ relational aggressive behaviors was more than first grade students’ significantly ,but there were no signifi-cant differences between other grades .②Parent-adolescent attachment and school connectedness negatively predica-ted early adolescents’ aggressive behaviors .Normative beliefs about aggression also negatively predicated early ado-lescents’ aggressive behaviors ,and beliefs -behavior associations were specific to aggression forms (β= -0 1.9 ,-0 2.1 ,-0 2.1 ,-0 2.7;Ps<0 0.01) .③Parent-adolescent attachment not only directly influenced the physical and rela-tional aggression ,but also indirectly affected it through school connectedness ;School connectedness only indirectly affected aggressive behaviors through beliefs .Conclusion:Parent -adolescent attachment not only directly influences the aggression ,but also indirectly affects it through school connectedness S.chool connectedness indirectly affects ag-gressive behaviors through beliefs .%目的:考察亲子依恋、学校联结对初中生攻击性行为的影响及其作用机制。方法:以整群抽样的方法选取初中生697名;用青少年攻击行为量表、亲子依恋问卷(IPPA )、学校联结量表、攻击行为规范信念量表进行测查。

  19. Curriculum, Classroom, Culture and Connectedness

    OpenAIRE

    O'Rawe, Mary

    2015-01-01

    Curriculum and pedagogy are central to many contemporary debates on fostering a successful student experience, particularly in a massified higher education sector. These themes are evident in discussions from policy level to the staffroom in many countries. Attention has been specifically directed at the transition point from ‘second level’ to ‘higher/third level’ education, resulting in the development of many initiatives and materials around the ‘first year experience’ (‘FYE’). Central prin...

  20. Curriculum, Classroom, Culture and Connectedness

    OpenAIRE

    O'Rawe, Mary

    2015-01-01

    Curriculum and pedagogy are central to many contemporary debates on fostering a successful student experience, particularly in a massified higher education sector. These themes are evident in discussions from policy level to the staffroom in many countries. Attention has been specifically directed at the transition point from ‘second level’ to ‘higher/third level’ education, resulting in the development of many initiatives and materials around the ‘first year experience’ (‘FYE’). Central prin...

  1. Beholding Nature: Contemplation and Connectedness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chambliss, Kathleen Mary

    2013-01-01

    Two related exploratory studies, one with families, and a second one with adult and child members of an independent school community, suggest that our connections with the rhythms, processes, species, and cycles of nature, our "love" and feelings of affinity for nature, can be strengthened by practicing contemplation outdoors. In The…

  2. 基于“冲任学说”评析针灸治疗多囊卵巢综合征的取穴规律和疗效机制%Analysis of acupuncture point selection rules and efficacy mechanism of polycystic ovary syndrome based on the doctrine of Chong and Ren

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫巍; 杨新鸣; 侯丽辉; 吴效科

    2011-01-01

    Based on TCM theory and recognition of the theory of Chong and Ren, combined with clinical data, through a variety of clinical literature of acupuncture treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome, sorting, the paper comprehensive studies the international modern mechanisms of acupuncture treatment of the disease, and thoroughly assess the acupuncture point selection rules of the disease and efficacy of mechanisms from the Chinese Chong and Ren reproductive axis for the first time, than, innovatively summed up the acupuncture treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome. Relying on acupuncture and gynecological interdiscipline, innovative meridian theory on reproductive control of the doctrine of Chong and Ren, and the goal-oriented was to improve the reproductive effects of acupuncture.Based on TCM theory and recognition of the theory of Chong and Ren, combined with clinical data, through a variety of clinical literature of acupuncture treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome, sorting, the paper comprehensive studies the international modern mechanisms of acupuncture treatment of the disease, and thoroughly assess the acupuncture point selection rules of the disease and efficacy of mechanisms from the Chinese Chong and Ren reproductive axis for the first time, than, innovatively summed up the acupuncture treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome. Relying on acupuncture and gynecological interdiscipline, innovative meridian theory on reproductive control of the doctrine of Chong and Ren, and the goal-oriented was to improve the reproductive effects of acupuncture.%通过对冲任学说的再认识,立足中医理论,结合临床资料;并对临床上各种针灸治疗多囊卵巢综合征文献进行分析整理,探讨国内外针灸治疗该病的现代机制,从中医冲任牛殖轴这一全新视角,深入评析了针灸治疗本病的取穴规律和疗效机制,总结出针灸治疗多囊卵巢综合征新的术效方案.依托针灸和妇科学科交叉,创新中医经络

  3. Molecular Cloning of the Human Genes(s) Directing the Synthesis of Nervous System Cholinesterases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-12-01

    it . ad tmir k ! , U.Z. Littaer, Y. Dudai, I. Dilwn, V.I. Taidtiirg and Z. %tgsl, Edo. pp. 201-215. Johnr wiley and Scm, Now York. 40. Razon , N...681-695. 41. Gurwitz, D., Razon , N., Sdoolovsky, M. and Soreq, H. (1984) Ja ren of muscarinic receptor in primary brain tumors. Dev. Brain ese. 14...growth factor receptors in human brairki ttumors. Canc~er Res. 44, 753-760. 69. Soreq, H., Zevin-Sorin, D. and Razon , N. (1984) Eqpressicn of cho

  4. Human factors/ergonomics implications of big data analytics: Chartered Institute of Ergonomics and Human Factors annual lecture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drury, Colin G

    2015-01-01

    In recent years, advances in sensor technology, connectedness and computational power have come together to produce huge data-sets. The treatment and analysis of these data-sets is known as big data analytics (BDA), and the somewhat related term data mining. Fields allied to human factors/ergonomics (HFE), e.g. statistics, have developed computational methods to derive meaningful, actionable conclusions from these data bases. This paper examines BDA, often characterised by volume, velocity and variety, giving examples of successful BDA use. This examination provides context by considering examples of using BDA on human data, using BDA in HFE studies, and studies of how people perform BDA. Significant issues for HFE are the reliance of BDA on correlation rather than hypotheses and theory, the ethics of BDA and the use of HFE in data visualisation.

  5. Caracterización de la violencia intrafamiliar hacia la mujer. Consultorio No 1. Policlínico "René Ávila Reyes. Holguín. 2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eisy Mercedes Infantes Pérez

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Aborda un estudio descriptivo y transversal sobre el comportamiento de la violencia intrafamiliar hacia la mujer, en el consultorio 1 del Policlínico "René Ávila Reyes", en Holguín en el año 2008. La muestra quedó conformada por 101 mujeres, que luego de aplicarle una entrevista refirieron haber sido sometida a algún acto de violencia por parte de su pareja. Existió un mayor comportamiento de la violencia intrafamiliar en mujeres en edades comprendidas de 25 a 44 años, con escolaridad de preuniversitario o técnico medio y en las trabajadoras. El tipo de violencia que predominó correspondió al psicológico y con un tiempo de relación de pareja 6 a 10 años. Los factores que incidieron en la aparición del maltrato estuvieron dados por la mala comunicación en el hogar y la ingestión de bebidas alcohólicas. Se recomendó la realización de una intervención educativa comunitaria para lograr la reducción de esta problemática.

  6. Response to ``Comment on `Elastic incoherent neutron scattering operating by varying instrumental energy resolution: Principle, simulations, and experiments of the resolution elastic neutron scattering (RENS)''' [Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 107101 (2012)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magazó, Salvatore; Migliardo, Federica; Benedetto, Antonio

    2012-10-01

    Recently [S. Magazù et al., Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 105115 (2011), 10.1063/1.3641870] we have proposed a new method for characterizing, by neutron scattering, the dynamical properties of complex material systems, such as, the ones of interest in the biophysical field. This approach called Resolution Elastic Neutron Scattering, in short RENS, is based on the detection of the elastically scattered neutron intensity as a function of the instrumental energy resolution. By experimental, theoretical, and numerical findings, we have pointed out that an inflection point occurs in the elastic intensity when the system relaxation time approaches the instrumental energy resolution time. This approach, differently from quasi-elastic neutron scattering (QENS), gives the chance to evaluate the system relaxation times without using pre-defined models that can be wrong and/or misleading. Here, we reply to a Comment on the above-mentioned main paper in which Wuttke proposes a different approach to evaluate the above-mentioned inflection point; on this regard, it should be noticed that the existence of the inflection point, which is the main topic of our work, is not questioned and that the approach proposed by Wuttke in the Comment, although valid for a class of dynamical processes, is not applicable when different and distinct processes occur simultaneously at different time scale.

  7. Response to 'Comment on 'Elastic incoherent neutron scattering operating by varying instrumental energy resolution: Principle, simulations, and experiments of the resolution elastic neutron scattering (RENS)'' [Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 107101 (2012)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Magazu, Salvatore; Migliardo, Federica; Benedetto, Antonio [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Messina, C.da Papardo n Degree-Sign 31, P.O. Box 55, Vill. S. Agata 98166 Messina (Italy)

    2012-10-15

    Recently [S. Magazu et al., Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 105115 (2011)] we have proposed a new method for characterizing, by neutron scattering, the dynamical properties of complex material systems, such as, the ones of interest in the biophysical field. This approach called Resolution Elastic Neutron Scattering, in short RENS, is based on the detection of the elastically scattered neutron intensity as a function of the instrumental energy resolution. By experimental, theoretical, and numerical findings, we have pointed out that an inflection point occurs in the elastic intensity when the system relaxation time approaches the instrumental energy resolution time. This approach, differently from quasi-elastic neutron scattering (QENS), gives the chance to evaluate the system relaxation times without using pre-defined models that can be wrong and/or misleading. Here, we reply to a Comment on the above-mentioned main paper in which Wuttke proposes a different approach to evaluate the above-mentioned inflection point; on this regard, it should be noticed that the existence of the inflection point, which is the main topic of our work, is not questioned and that the approach proposed by Wuttke in the Comment, although valid for a class of dynamical processes, is not applicable when different and distinct processes occur simultaneously at different time scale.

  8. Li(礼) • Xiao(孝) • Ren(仁) • Le(楽) of Confucius : The body of the triple restraint

    OpenAIRE

    橋本, 敬司

    1998-01-01

    Confucius thought that the body was expanded by the learning, and physical expansion was controlled by the gratitude. This Confucius' body was restrained in the ways by the expansion and the repression. However, this body restrained double to live in the community was indispensable. A community member is protected while being regulated by a community. The community restrains a person in the ways, as well. A human being is the existence it seeks to be liberated from this double restraint and t...

  9. 基于连通主义的双联通教学设计模型(SCCS)研究%Research on Connectivism-based Instructional Design Model Featured with Social and Cognitive-Connectedness Schemata

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李新房; 刘名卓; 祝智庭

    2016-01-01

    数字技术的出现与迅速发展,引起了学习方式的变革,促使数字化学习成为当前学习的主要范式。沉浸于数字化学习的学习者除了应具有“交互性—数字导航素养”、“发现学习偏好”、“按照自己对数字化资源的探索做推理判断的意愿”等方面的认知联通能力,还应通过“连接”、“默观”、“捷取”的联通行为参与社会联通,并把这两种联通行为称为“双联通”。为了进一步了解双联通模式以及双联通在教学中的应用,主要从“双联通模式的内涵”、“双联通教学设计模型分析与启示”以及设计案例等方面进行了阐述,以期为连通主义学习理论在学习、教育中的有效应用提供指导。%The emergence and rapid development of digital technology makes the digital learning have become one of the main learning paradigm,and changes the learning way.The learners immersed in digital learning should have Cognitive-Connectedness Schemata which covers“interaction-digital navigation literacy”,“A preference for interactive, discovery-based learning”,“A desire to make reasoned judgments based on their exploration of digital resources”, and so on. And they must take part in Social-Connected-ness by “Link”,“Lurk”, and “Lunge”. The paper calls the two schemata as Social and Cognitive-Connectedness Schemata (SCCS). In order to let more and more people to understand SCCS and the use of SCCS , the author mainly states: the connotation of SCCS , the analysis and enlightenment of SCCS Instruction Design Model , the case of design, and so on.

  10. Adolescent experiences of discrimination, harassment, connectedness to community and comfort with sexual orientation reported by adult men who have sex with men as a predictor of adult HIV status.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raymond, H Fisher; Chen, Yea-Hung; Stall, Ron D; McFarland, Willi

    2011-04-01

    Using data from a probability based sample of adult men who have sex with men (MSM) we examined the association of negative life factors during adolescence and adult HIV status. 521 MSM reported on experiences of connectedness to community, comfort with sexuality, harassment and discrimination due to their sexual orientation at ages 12-18 years. HIV status was determined by serological testing. Overall, men reported moderate levels of being harassed, being discriminated against and high levels of feeling disconnected from gay communities while reporting high levels of being uncomfortable with their sexuality at those ages. However, in analyses of scores on these factors, higher experiences of harassment, higher levels of discrimination and more discomfort with sexuality at these ages are associated with HIV-negative status as adults. This study suggests that the relationship between negative adolescent experiences among MSM and adult HIV infection may not be straightforward, but may also dependent upon aspects of the intensity of the negative experiences, the relationship of the victim and the perpertrator(s), the sexual identity of the victim at the time and/or the number of these experiences or the length of time over which they occurred. Studies investigating specific multiple stressors in adolescent gay development and their effect on adult health outcomes are needed.

  11. İŞGÖREN SEÇİM SÜRECİNDEKİ KRİTİK FAALİYETLERİN ANALİTİK HİYERARŞİ SÜRECİ İLE DEĞERLENDİRİLMESİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurcan TEMİZ

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available ÖZ: Proje, zaman, kaynak ve para gibi kısıtları olan, belirli bir amacı başarmak için başlangıç ve bitiş sürelerine sahip ve öncelik ilişkileri olan bir takım faaliyetlerden oluşan bir süreçtir. İşgören seçimi her işletme için hayati bir öneme sahiptir. Bu süreç, işletmenin ihtiyaçlarına uygun işgücünü bulma ve işletmeye dahil etme faaliyetlerinden oluşan bir proje gibi düşünülebilir. Bu çalışmada bir fast food işletmesinin müdür adayı işe alım süreci incelenmiştir. İşgören seçim sürecinde işletme tarafından uygulanan faaliyetlerin öncelik ilişkileri kullanılarak proje planlama tekniklerinden Kritik Yol Yöntemi (CPM ile projenin şebekesi çizilmiş, tüm faaliyetler için en erken başlama, en erken bitiş, en geç başlama, en geç bitiş süreleri, toplam boşluklar ve serbest boşluklar hesaplanmış, kritik faaliyetler bulunmuştur. Daha sonra kritik faaliyetlerden bazılarının önceliklerini (göreli önemlerini bulmak için Analitik Hiyerarşi Süreci (AHS kullanılmıştır. ABSTRACT: Project is a process, which has restrictions such as time, resource and money, consisting of a set of activities that have starting and finishing time and precedency relations in order to achieve a specific purpose. Personnel selection has a vital importance for every business. This process can be considered as a project that consists of activities such as finding correct labour force and incorporating them to the organization. In this study personnel selection process of fast food organization was examined. By using precedence relationships of activities, pursued by organization in the personnel selection process, network of project is drawn via Critical Path Method (CPM, which is one of the project planning techniques, earliest start and earliest finish times, latest start and latest finish times, total and free float of all activities were calculated and critical activities were found. Then

  12. Sex-linked differences in the course of chronic kidney disease and congestive heart failure: a study in 5/6 nephrectomized Ren-2 transgenic hypertensive rats with volume overload induced using aorto-caval fistula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Červenka, Luděk; Škaroupková, Petra; Kompanowska-Jezierska, Elzbieta; Sadowski, Janusz

    2016-10-01

    The role of hypertension and the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) in sex-related differences in the course of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and congestive heart failure (CHF) remain unclear, especially when the two diseases are combined. In male and female Ren-2 transgenic rats (TGR), a model of hypertension with activation of endogenous RAS, CKD was induced by 5/6 renal mass reduction (5/6 NX) and CHF was elicited by volume overload achieved by creation of an aorto-caval fistula (ACF). The primary aim of the study was to examine long-term CKD- and CHF-related mortality, especially in animals with CKD and CHF combined, with particular interest in the potential sex-related differences. The follow-up period was 23 weeks after the first intervention (5/6 NX). We found, first, that TGR did not exhibit sexual dimorphism in the course of 5/6 NX-induced CKD. Second, in contrast, TGR exhibited important sex-related differences in the course of ACF-induced CHF-related mortality: intact female TGR showed higher survival rate than male TGR. This situation is reversed in the course of combined 5/6 NX-induced CKD and ACF-induced CHF-related mortality: intact female TGR exhibited poorer survival than male TGR. Third, the survival rate in animals with combined 5/6 NX-induced CKD and ACF-induced CHF was significantly worsened as compared with rat groups that were exposed to 'single organ disease'. Collectively, our present results clearly show that CKD aggravates long-term mortality of animals with CHF. In addition, TGR exhibit remarkable sexual dimorphism with respect to CKD- and CHF-related mortality, especially in animals with combined CKD and CHF.

  13. Ren Jia Zhuang coal mine disaster relief asylum cavern construction experience%任家庄煤矿井下救灾避难硐室建设经验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘旭; 王忠寿; 马国军

    2014-01-01

    对任家庄煤矿建设矿井救灾避难硐室经验进行总结。通过对建设过程中硐室位置的选择、硐室防水处理、管线布置、电器设备布置、地面钻孔布置、噪音处理及排水系统建设方面进行充分考虑、分析及研究,总结建设救灾功能较为完善,各个系统运行良好,满足人员避灾生存需求的救灾避难硐室所需考虑因素。对再建矿井救灾避难硐室具有一定的指导意义。%The paper summarized experience in the construction of ren jia zhuang coal mine disaster relief asylum cavern. Through fully consider,analysis and research on the choice of the location,cavern waterproof processing,pipeline layout、electri-cal equipment layout,ground borehole layout,noise processing and construction of drainage system in the process of mine di-saster relief asylum cavern construction ,summarizes the construction of disaster relief function more complete,the system runs well and meet the demand of personnel to avoid disaster survival needed relief asylum cavern factor. To build the mine disas-ter relief asylum cavern has the great guiding significance.

  14. Humans, water, and the colonization of Australia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bird, Michael I; O'Grady, Damien; Ulm, Sean

    2016-10-11

    The Pleistocene global dispersal of modern humans required the transit of arid and semiarid regions where the distribution of potable water provided a primary constraint on dispersal pathways. Here, we provide a spatially explicit continental-scale assessment of the opportunities for Pleistocene human occupation of Australia, the driest inhabited continent on Earth. We establish the location and connectedness of persistent water in the landscape using the Australian Water Observations from Space dataset combined with the distribution of small permanent water bodies (springs, gnammas, native wells, waterholes, and rockholes). Results demonstrate a high degree of directed landscape connectivity during wet periods and a high density of permanent water points widely but unevenly distributed across the continental interior. A connected network representing the least-cost distance between water bodies and graded according to terrain cost shows that 84% of archaeological sites >30,000 y old are within 20 km of modern permanent water. We further show that multiple, well-watered routes into the semiarid and arid continental interior were available throughout the period of early human occupation. Depletion of high-ranked resources over time in these paleohydrological corridors potentially drove a wave of dispersal farther along well-watered routes to patches with higher foraging returns.

  15. Interdisciplinary Research between Theoretical Informatics and the Humanities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ai-Jing Tian

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses on the interdisciplinary research between Theoretical Informatics (TI and the Humanities (philosophy, history, literature, etc.. There are five main sections: 1. A brief introduction to TI and its functions in the aspects of worldview and methodology, 2. An illustration of the problems associated with dualism as set out by Plato and René Descartes by means of a theoretical model of the mutual contact and interaction between the material world and the information world, 3. An explanation of the historical view of R. G. Collingwood through informationalism, 4. A discussion of the basic concepts for Humanistic Informatics which is under construction, and 5. A proposal of some approach to the new subject in information science.

  16. René-Just Haüy. D'un manuscrit de cours pour l'École normale de l'an III au "Traité élémentaire de physique" : le physicien et le charlatan

    OpenAIRE

    Blondel, Christine

    2003-01-01

    International audience; This paper presents two unpublished manuscripts of René-Just Haüy (1743-1822). They display the change of status of experimental physics at the end of 18th century France. A youthful manuscript describes a conjurer trick based on magnetism with the pleasure of a mysterious experiment. The manuscript of his first lesson on magnetism at the Ecole normale (1795), when a recognised scientist, blames any appeal to "magical art" in physics and lays down the distinction betwe...

  17. On Reliability and Validity of Social Connectedness Scale-Revised in Chinese Middle School Students%社会联结量表修订版在中学生群体中的信效度检验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范晓兰; 韦嘉; 张进辅

    2015-01-01

    将社会联结量表修订版(SCS‐R)应用于中国中学生群体中进行信效度检验,为研究中学生社会联结感提供可靠有效的测量工具。初测调查50人进行SCS‐R条目通俗度检验,再测调查608人进行探索性因素分析,确定正式的中文版SCS‐R ,正式调查612人进行验证性因素分析;被试同时完成孤独感量表、集体自尊量表、自我建构量表和社交回避及苦恼量表来考核效标效度;4周后从中抽取52人进行重测。结果表明:探索性因素分析及验证性因素分析均支持量表的二因素模型;SCS‐R总分与UCLA孤独感量表、自我建构量表、社交回避及苦恼量表和集体自尊量表均存在显著相关;内部一致性和重测信度良好。可见社会联结量表修订版具有较好的信效度,是测量中学生社会联结感的适宜工具。%To test the reliability and validity of Social Connectedness Scale‐Revised (SCS‐R) in Chinese middle school students ,totally 1270 middle school students have been recruited by four samplings .The first sample included 50 participants ,primarily modifying the items of SCS‐R based on tw o‐w ay transla‐tion .Then ,608 students were assessed for exploratory factor analysis .Finally ,612 students were former‐ly assessed for confirmatory factor analysis with the Chinese version of SCS‐R .All of them completed the UCLA Loneliness Scale ,Self‐Construal Scale ,SADS and Collective Self‐Esteem Scale to test the criterion validity ,and 52 students were re‐tested 4 weeks later for test‐retest reliability .The results show that Ex‐ploratory and confirmatory factor analyses show the scale is composed of 2 factors w hich all support the structure model;the total score of SCS‐R has significant correlation with the total scores of the scales of UCLA Loneliness ,and the dimension scores of the Self‐Construal ,SADS and Collective Self‐Esteem . Cronbach's αcoefficient of

  18. 以杨守仁先生为核心水稻科学家学术谱系研究%The Academic Genealogy of the Scientists of Rice with Mr. Yang Shou-ren as a Core

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李昕升; 夏如兵

    2012-01-01

    科学家学术谱系是在继承前人的基础上,通过传承学术内容和学术精神,培养新一代一流人才群体,培养出一批一流人才,而不仅是一个领军人物。改变过去一流人才偶然或零星出现,而且常常后继无人的局面,可使一流人才的培养和形成由偶然变成必然。1952年杨守仁先生创建沈阳农业大学稻作研究室,较早地建立了国家超级稻育种科技创新团队,逐渐成为中国北方特别是东北地区稻作科学研究中心、学术交流中心和人才培养中心。杨守仁先生在水稻科学家学术谱系中作为第一代的传承者,在学术传承方面做出了杰出的贡献,因此在以杨守仁先生为中心的水稻科学家学术谱系中具有开创之功。%An academic genealogy assumes the task of carrying on the academic research and spirit of people of the past and cultivating first-class talent groups generation after generation rather than one or two academic leaders. Changing the past situation in which first-class talented people take their place accidently or occasionally and tend to have no qualified successors helps change the cultivation and making of first-class talented people from occasional appearance to necessary result. Mr. Yang Shou-ren founded his research laboratory of cultivation of paddy in 1952, based on which he established his national technology-innovating team of super rice breeding early in the country and made it steadily become the research center of paddy cultivation, academic communication center and talented people cultivating center in the north of China, especially the northeast China. Mr. Yang, as one of the second generation of successors in the academic genealogy of scientists of rice, made excellent contributions to academic inheritance and passing-on. Therefore, in the academic genealogy of scientists of rice with Mr. Yang as a core, he is regarded as the founder of the genealogy.

  19. Lettres inédites a René Demeurisse (1895-1961, placeur au salon de la société nationale des beaux-arts en 1921

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claire Maingon

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available René Demeurisse (1895-1962 fut un fidèle exposant des Salons parisiens, ces fiefs de l’art vivant où se jouaient la carrière des artistes depuis le XVIIe siècle. Ce peintre figuratif de la génération du feu, élève d’Albert Besnard et ami du sculpteur animalier François Pompon, était membre associé de la Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts créée en 1890. Les plus grands noms de l’Ecole française, dont Auguste Rodin et Antoine Bourdelle, y participèrent avant la création du Salon d’Automne. En 1921, Demeurisse fut chargé avec Henri le Sidaner du placement d’un millier de toiles au Salon de la Nationale des Beaux-Arts. Cette tâche passionnante et ingrate était un exercice périlleux. Tous les artistes du Salon souhaitaient être exposés le plus visiblement possible, dans la salle bénéficiant des plus beaux éclairages et de la meilleure fréquentation afin de vendre leur œuvre et d’être cités dans la presse. Il y aurait les élus et les autres, ceux dont les envois plus médiocres finiraient dans les recoins obscurs du Grand Palais. Les archives du peintre conservent notamment trois lettres remarquables d’exposants exprimant leurs désirs d’accrochage qui apportent un éclairage nouveau sur la question du rôle des placeurs. Ces documents totalement inédits révèlent une facette méconnue de l’organisation du Salon et du tempérament d’un artiste dont le principal mérite était la sincérité.

  20. 艾略特与克尔恺郭尔的人生三阶段论%Three Stages of Human Life in T.S.Eliot and Sφren Kierkegaard

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭发胜

    2011-01-01

    作为现代主义诗歌运动的旗手,艾略特以其作品风格的晦涩和前后期身份的转变而给后人留下了扑朔迷离的感觉.如果以存在主义哲学家克尔恺郭尔的思想为参照,艾略特的诗歌创作历程将呈现出近乎必然的内在联系.从诗歌与哲思互证的角度,艾略特诗歌创作从、到这三个阶段,分别对应克尔恺郭尔所揭示的感性、伦理和宗教的人生三阶段.在这种人生和诗歌发展的内在线索的观照下,我们可以更好地理解艾略特诗歌的内涵,以及人生三阶段论的普遍意义.

  1. 集值映射多目标半定规划问题Benson 真有效解集的连通性%Connectedness of Benson Proper Efficient Solution Set of Multiobjective Semidefinite Programming Problems with Set-Valued Maps

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁春红

    2016-01-01

    将多目标半定规划问题推广到集值映射,在锥-上半连续和广义锥-次类凸的假设条件下,获得了集映射多目标半定规划问题 Benson 真有效解集的连通性结果。%The problem of multiobjective semidefinite programming of single-valued are extended to set-valued maps.Under the assumption of cone-semicontinuous and generalized cone-subconvexlikeness, the connectedness results of Benson proper efficient solution set are obtained.

  2. 自然联结对大学生主观幸福感的影响:正念的中介作用%The Effect of Natural Connectedness on Subjective Well-Being of College Students:the Mediating Role of Mindfulness

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李娜; 吴建平

    2016-01-01

    采用自我包含自然量表(INS)、五因素正念量表(FFMQ)、幸福感指数量表(IWB)对231名北京市大学生进行调查,考察正念在大学生的自然联结与主现幸福感之间的中介作用。研究发现:(1)皮尔逊积差相关分析显示,自然联结与主观幸福感呈显著正相关(r=0.196, p<0.01)、与正念呈显著正相关(r=0.238, p<0.001)、正念与主观幸福感呈显著正相关(r=0.345, p<0.001);(2)多元线性回归分析对中介作用的检验表明,正念在自然联结与主观幸福感之间起完全中介作用。大学生的自然联结和主观幸福感之间的相关关系是通过正念来中介的。%To explore the mediating role of mindfulness in the relationship between connectedness to nature and subjective well-being, the inclusion of nature in the self (INS), Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ) and Index of Well-Being (IWB) were administered to 231 College students in Beijing.The study showed that (1) Pearson corre-lation analysis showed that natural connectedness was positively correlated to subjective well-being ( r=0.196, p<0.01) and to mindfulness ( r=0.238, p<0.001) , and that there was significant positive correlation between mindful-ness and subjective well-being (r=0.345, p<0.001).(2) Hierarchical linear modeling showed significant full medi-ation of mindfulness in association between natural connectedness and subjective well-being of college students.Mind-fulness fully mediated the positive link between natural connectedness and subjective well-being of college students.

  3. Nationalisering ad bagdøren?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Steen

    2009-01-01

    Et alternativ til lukning eller indirekte nationalisering er at etablere tidsbegrænsede investeringsfonde drevet på kommerciel basis af private, men med staten som medinvestor, således at privat kapital suppleres af offentlig, mens det private initiativ bevares...

  4. Ingeniørens metode som undervisningspraksis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sillasen, Martin Krabbe

    2015-01-01

    På BIG BANG-konferencen 2015 kunne man opleve ingeniør og underviser Ann Kaiser fortælle om ingeniørers arbejdsmetode, og hvordan hun har brugt det til at skabe en motiverende og illustrativ naturvidenskabelig undervisning. Arbejdsmetoden kaldes for Engineering Design Process (EDP)....

  5. Jeget i svingdøren

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2006-01-01

    Dag Solstads roman 16.07.41 har en hovedperson som let kan identificeres som forfatterens alter ego, men er ikke en problemløs selvbiografi. Dele af det selvbiografiske materiale er bearbejdet til fiktion, andre dele til dokumentation. Derved inviteres læseren til at læse det samme værk på to måder...

  6. ren Kierkegaard og blikkets koder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Linnet, Ragni

    kinship to music (and time as time) are screened off. Hegel's thesis of 'an art after art', i.e. the death of the idealistic, beautiful work and its resurrection in a prosaic pictorial expression in which the formal qualities are at the centre, is not incorporated in the Danish reception, so that Hegel...

  7. Den professionelle kommunikations renæssance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Niels Chr. Nielsen

    1993-09-01

    Full Text Available Mens hovedparten af den nyere PR-litteratur bevæger sig "på kommu- nikations niveau", og blot beskriver fremtidens virksomhedskommuni- kation i forhold til fortidens og nutidens kommunikationsformer, så gra- ver Niels Chr. Nielsen i denne artikel et par spadestik dybere. Han beskriver kort den igangværende erhvervsstrukturelle og teknologiske udvikling og trækker dernæst paralleller til kravene til virksomhedernes professionelle kommunikationsarbejde. Det er hans tese, at den tekno- logiske og erhvervsstukturelle udvikling ikke, som ofte påstået, fører til mere og mere sofistikeret manipulation med modtagerne; tværtimod vil det der ske en forskydning i argumentets og den ægte dialogs retning. Niels Chr. Nielsen, der er cand.mag i filosofi og idehistorie, skriver fra en position som udviklingsdirektør ved Dansk Teknologisk Institut. Artiklen er et bearbejdet oplæg fra konferencen "Excellent Public Relations", 18. marts 1993.

  8. Sat uden for døren?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ryom, Knud Eske

    2014-01-01

    KOMMENTAR. Kan gruppecoaching af udsatte drenge på Nørrebro fungere som en redningsplanke til en ’fortabt’ gruppe? Ph.d.-studerende Knud Ryom fortæller her om, hvad gruppecoaching kan, og hvorfor han tilbyder det til udsatte unge i sit forskningsprojekt....

  9. Ren Yanwu and His Migraine Hospital

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    RenYanwuandHisMigraineHospitalBySUNLIDr.Renyanwu.MIGRAINE,asevereheadacheononesideoftheheadisacommonchronicillness.Toeffectar...

  10. ren fra F-16

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schaub Jr, Gary John

    Da Danmark i 1975 besluttede at købe 58 F-16-kampfly var det på mange måder en aftale med substantielle fordele. Den fælles beslutning blandt en række NATO-lande om at købe samme flytype betød, at Danmarks relationer til sine alliancepartnere blev styrket, ikke mindst i kraft af fælles deltagelse i...... fly ikke var operative. Men fælles fly betød ikke i sig selv, at Danmark blev en ligeværdig og efterspurgt deltager i internationale operationer. Det krævede en omfattende modernisering af F-16-flyet, indkøb af avancerede systemer og ammunition, en reorganisering af det danske flyvevåben,en forandring...... danske beslutningstagere søge samme former for samarbejde, når de i 2016 investerer i det kampfly, der skal erstatte F-16-flyet....

  11. ren Kierkegaard og blikkets koder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Linnet, Ragni

    , as the thesis distinguishes between a Hegelian and a Hegelianist aesthetic, while in terms of methodology a distinction is drawn between two levels of understanding: 1) the historical link between Hegel, Danish Hegelianism and the late Golden Age painting; and 2) Hegelian and Hegelianist aesthetic thinking...... applied as a contemporary pictorial analytical instrument. The thesis is divided into five main sections and 17 chapters. It is based in particular on late Golden Age paintings and pictorial world in general, and progresses with a reading of the period's aesthetic and, especially, Hegelianist and Hegelian...... to the research traditions that are my starting point, supplemented with particularly important research contributions and an account of why this work is not a Neohegelian project. The thesis shows that the Kierkegaardian dialectic of perception is a particularly potent pictorial analytical instrument that allows...

  12. Plagiate im universitären Bereich

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Plagiarism in the university sector (translation of the title). In this contribution, we first discuss the term plagiarism in the university sector. In this context, we particularly examine whether the copyright or the university law contain appropriate starting points for a conceptual distinction. Next, different strategies for the prevention of plagiarism are discussed, thereby distinguishing between information and deterrence measures. Afterwards, procedure and results of an empirical stud...

  13. Descartes, René (1596-1650)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murdin, P.

    2000-11-01

    Mathematician and philosopher, born in La Haye (now Descartes), Touraine, France, settled in Holland. His work, La Géométrie, formulated geometry in terms of algebra, from which comes the concept of Cartesian coordinates. Studied Aristotelian philosophy and was attracted to mathematics, and the purely logical analysis of practically everything. Wrote Discours de la Méthode pour bien Conduire sa R...

  14. Wahlfach Teamarbeit: Ergebnisse eines Pilotprojektes zur interprofessionellen und interdisziplinären Ausbildung mit formativem Team-OSCE (TOSCE [Teamwork elective: Results of a German pilot project on interprofessional and interdisciplinary education with formative team OSCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schmidt, Anita

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available [english] Aims: There is a growing need to implement teamworking in medical education. In reality, interdisciplinary and interprofessional education is often absent. Here we describe a pilot trial developed jointly by the nursing college and the medical faculty in Erlangen (Germany in which nursing students and undergraduate medical students formed interprofessional teams and were confronted with interprofessional cases using simulated patients (SPs and phantoms. The elective was planned using standard curriculum planning instruments and finally evaluated with a novel formative team OSCE (Objective Structured Clinical Evaluation instrument.Methods: During one year, 20 nursing students participated voluntarily in the project and 10 medical students took the course as an elective. Results: The pilot project was first performed with two tutors, one from the medical school and one from the nursing school, as well as one to two SPs. During the second course, there was only one tutor. Overall evaluation of the voluntary students was good, with some elements (acute stroke, factual knowledge, and general organizational problems that needed to be improved. Performance of a four-station team OSCE was feasible, but raters reported problems in assessing individuals and the team at the same time. Interobserver agreement was satisfactory (kappa 0.35.Conclusions: Interdisciplinary and interprofessional education between a nursing school and a medical school is feasible within an elective, but requires substantial personnel resources. Design and performance of a team OSCE is possible. The validity of the test has to be shown on follow-up.[german] Zielsetzung: Das Lernziel „Fähigkeit zur interprofessionellen und interdisziplinären Teamarbeit“ wird sowohl in der aktuellen Approbationsordnung für Ärzte als auch im Krankenpflegegesetz gefordert. In der Realität gibt es in beiden Ausbildungen kaum gemeinsame Lehreinheiten. Wir beschreiben ein Pilotprojekt

  15. An Analyse of Qi Activity in Medical Treatment---Exploring the Running Laws of Qi Activity from the Ren Zhitang Medical Individuation to Enlightenment%由《任之堂医经心悟记》参究气机运转法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘湘云

    2016-01-01

    整理分析《任之堂医经心悟记》一书中与气机运转相关的论述,以法天象地参人和、串起思维的珍珠链及大道至简、要言不烦三大方面为着力点参究中医的气机运转法则,体悟任老对运用气机运转法的广融会贯通与深入浅出,进而探讨气机运转法的涵义及临床运用。%Arranging as well as analysing some massage about qi activity from the book the Ren Zhitang Medical Individuation to Englightenment.And the theory of "observing the environment and the people",“string the pearls of thinking"and “explaining the truth with the simplest language”were expounded to explore the running laws of qi activity.It showed that Mr.Ren used the running laws of qi activity comprehensively,deeply andintricately in a simple way.It can explore the running laws of qi activity of traditional Chinese medicine as well as its clinical treatment.

  16. Sakarya Özel Eğitim Kurumunda Eğitim Gören Çocukların Beslenme Tarzında Ebeveynlerin Bilgi ve Tutumlarının İncelenmesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Süleyman KALELİ

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Beslenme büyüme ve gelişimin sağlanması, sağlıklı bir yaşam ve sağlıklı bir gelecek için çocukluk evresinde çok önemlidir. Otizm ve down sendromu bir takım benzerlikleri ve farklılıkları gösteren genetik hastalıklar arasında yer almaktadır. Down sendromlu veya otistik çocuklar beslenme açısından riskli bir gruptur. Bu araştırma Sakarya Özel Eğitim Kurumunda eğitim gören çocukların beslenme tarzları ve ebeveynlerin çocuk beslenmesine yönelik tutumlarının incelenmesi amacıyla planlanmıştır. 30 Gönüllü öğrenci velilerine demografik bilgiler haricinde evet/hayır içeren 17 (S1, S2,…,S17 soru sorulmuştur. Ayrıca okul çağında sıkça kullanılan 22 adet gıda maddesi tablosundaki yiyeceklerin sıklığı sorgulanmıştır. S4 (%45,2 evet ve %54,8 hayır, S8 (%41,9 evet ve %54,8 hayır, S15 (%32,3 evet ve %67,7 hayır ve S16’ da ise (%3,2 evet ve %96,8 hayır hayır cevaplarının oranı evet cevabına göre yüksek bulunurken diğer soruların cevaplarında evet oranı yüksek bulunmuştur. Öğün aralarında çocuğun isteklerinin karşılanmaması, çocuğun acıkınca yemek yedirilmemesi, çocuğun her gün düzenli olarak akşam yemeği yememesi aile bireylerinin çocuk besleme bilgisinde yetersiz olduğu düşünülmektedir. Bununla birlikte otistik çocukların cips, gazlı içecekler, lahmacun-pide türü gıdalara az yer verilmesi ve süt ve süt ürünleri, yumurta, kuru baklagiller ekmek ve makarna gibi yiyeceklere yönelmesi olumlu bir beslenme alışkanlığını göstermektedir.

  17. Is tamoxifen associated with an increased risk for thromboembolic complications in patients undergoing microvascular breast reconstruction? [Ist die Einnahme von Tamoxifen zum Zeitpunkt der mikrovaskulären Brustrekonstruktion mit einer erhöhten Rate an thrombembolischen Komplikationen assoziiert?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krämer, Robert

    2013-02-01

    des hormonrezeptorpen Brustkrebses postmenopausaler Frauen abgelöst. Tamoxifen ist mit einem ca. zweifach erhöhten Risiko für thrombembolische Komplikationen (tiefe Beinvenenthrombose, Lungenembolie assoziiert. Vor dem Hintergrund einer aktuellen und im Februar 2012 im Journal of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery erschienenen retrospektiven Studie mit Nachweis einer erhöhten Komplikationsrate freier Lappentransplantate zur Brustrekonstruktion unter Tamoxifen-Einnahme haben wir unser Patientenkollektiv nach mikrochirurgischer Brustrekonstruktion retrospektiv auf Minor- und Major-Komplikationen einschließlich thrombembolischer Ereignisse insbesondere vor dem Hintergrund einer perioperativen Tamoxifeneinnahme untersucht. Eingeschlossen wurden insgesamt 29 Patientinnen nach mikrochirurgischer autologer Brustrekonstruktion. Es wurden mikrovaskuläre Lappenkomplikationen und Lappenverluste von Patientinnen ohne und mit Einnahme von Tamoxifen und Aromatasehemmern zum Zeitpunkt der mikrochirurgischen Brustrekonstruktion verglichen. 25 Patientinnen (86,2% erhielten eine DIEP-Lappenplastik und 4 (13,8% eine TRAM-Lappenplastik. Fernerhin verglichen wir die Rate allgemeiner thrombembolischer Ereignisse unter Berücksichtigung sonstiger Nebendiagnosen und Risikofaktoren. Von insgesamt 29 Patientinnen standen zum Zeitpunkt der mikrovaskulären Brustrekonstruktion 3 unter einer Aromatasehemmer-Therapie und 5 unter einer Tamoxifen-Therapie. Insgesamt traten in 11 Fällen (37,9% postoperative Komplikationen auf, in 5 Fällen handelte es sich hierbei um Major-Komplikationen (mit einem Lappenverlust und in um Minorkomplikationen. Unter Tamoxifeneinnahme kam es in einem Fall zu einer Minorkomplikation, und in einem anderen Fall zu einem thrombembolisch bedingten Lappenverlust. Insgesamt kam es postoperativ zu einem thrombembolischen Ereignis in Form einer Lungenembolie ohne Assoziation zur Tamoxifen-Therapie.Die Anzahl thrombembolischer Ereignisse stellten sich mit und ohne

  18. Assessment of entrepreneurship pedagogy on entrepreneurship knowledge and entrepreneurial human capital asset: A conceptual model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chidimma Odira Okeke

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This study is an effort to propose a conceptual model to measure the impact assessment of entrepreneurship pedagogic. It delineates entrepreneurship education pedagogic into four dimensions and opined specific level for each dimension. Reviewing the entrepreneurship education programme, assessment of entrepreneurship pedagogic evaluates the structure that influence growth mindset development through embedded heuristic strategies, thus, the impact on entrepreneurship knowledge and entrepreneurial capital asset context is proposed. Affirming Fayolle, Gailly, and Lassa-Clerc conceptual affinity that entrepreneurship education share with learning theories and entrepreneurship pedagogical content knowledge were conceptualized to suggest some practical realism guidelines of what insightful philosophy of teaching entrepreneurship need to achieve. With direct synthesis of relevant literature, propositions relating to entrepreneurship pedagogic structure along with the institutional connectedness and associated dimensions of entrepreneurship pedagogic assessment outcome were postulated. Also, the paper proposes the need for further assessment of specific forms of pedagogic impact on entrepreneurial human capital asset.

  19. The analysis of the effects of social support, job alienation and job stress on labour performanceSosyal destek, işe yabancılaşma ve iş stresinin işgören performansı üzerindeki etkisinin incelenmesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabahattin Tekingündüz

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The efficiency, quality and productivity of health services depends on ‘labour’ Labour’s job performance can be affected by personal characteristics, work condition, attitudes of workers and managers. The first aim of this study is, to determine whether there is a relationship between labour performance, job alienation, job stress, social support (friend/parents/partner and various personal characteristics such as gender, marital status, age, education status, lenght of working, income; the second aim is to determine whether job alienation, job stress, social support and various personal characteristices are affected labour’s performance. This study is a cross-sectional study. The study population was 583 voluntary hospital staffs at Adıyaman Public Hospital Association’s hospital which have  inpatient services. In this study, we used personal information form, Labour Performance Scale, Multi dimension social support scale, Job stress scale, Job alienation scale. Descriptive statistics, t-tests in independence group, Pearson Correlation analyse and Multiple Linear Regression Analyse have used for data analyzing. According to results of study, there was a significant differences between gender and labour performance; there was a negative significant relationship between labour performance, job alienation and friend support; there was a positive significant relationship between labour performance, partner support, parent support and length of working in institution. On the other hand job alienation affected labour performance negatively; partner support and parent support affected labour performance positively.   Özet Sağlık hizmetlerinin etkililiği, verimliliği ve kalitelisi “insan gücü”ne bağlıdır. İnsan gücünün iş performansı da kişisel özelliklerden, çalışma koşullarından, yöneticilerin ve çalışanların tutum ve davranışlardan etkilenebilmektedir. Yapılan bu çalışmanın birinci amacı, işgören

  20. Renin-angiotensin system transgenic mouse model recapitulates pathophysiology similar to human preeclampsia with renal injury that may be mediated through VEGF.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Denney, J Morgan; Bird, Cynthia; Gendron-Fitzpatrick, Annette; Sampene, Emmanuel; Bird, Ian M; Shah, Dinesh M

    2017-03-01

    Using a transgenic cross, we evaluated features of preeclampsia, renal injury and the sFlt1/VEGF changes. Transgenic hAGT and hREN, or wild-type (WT) C57Bl/6 mice were cross-bred: female hAGT × male hREN for preeclampsia (PRE) model and female WT × male WT for pregnant controls (WTP). Samples were collected for plasma VEGF, sFlt1, and urine albumin. Blood pressures (BP) were monitored by telemetry. Vascular reactivity was investigated by wire myography. Kidneys and placenta were immunostained for sFlt1 and VEGF. Eleven PRE and 9 WTP mice were compared. PRE more frequently demonstrated albuminuria, glomerular endotheliosis (80% vs. 11%; P = 0.02), and placental necrosis (60% vs. 0%; P preeclampsia recapitulates human preeclamptic state with high fidelity, and that, vascular adaptation to pregnancy is suggested by declining BPs and reduced vascular response to PE and increased response to acetylcholine. Placental damage with resultant increased release of sFlt1, proteinuria, deficient spiral artery remodeling, and glomerular endotheliosis were observed in this model of PRE. Increased VEGF binding to glomerular endothelial cells in this model of PRE is similar to human PRE and leads us to hypothesize that renal injury in preeclampsia may be mediated through local VEGF. Copyright © 2017 the American Physiological Society.

  1. Clinical Observation of Tiao Ren Tong Du Needling plus Bloodletting at Jing-well Points for Post-stroke Spastic State MA%调任通督针法结合井穴刺血治疗脑卒中痉挛状态临床观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马晓明; 李晶晶; 闫兵; 刘永锋; 周鹏; 黄汝成

    2016-01-01

    Objective To observe the clinical efficacy of Tiao Ren Tong Du (regulating the Conception Vessel and unblocking the Governor Vessel) needling method plus bloodletting at the Jing-well points in treating post-stroke spastic state. Method Sixty-seven eligible patients were randomized into a group to receive Tiao Ren Tong Du needling plus bloodletting at the Jing-well points (treatment group) and a rehabilitation group (control group). For the two groups, the treatment was given once a day, 6 times as a treatment course, for 4 courses in total. The Modified Ashworth Scale was used to evaluate the spasticity intensity, and the Patient Reported Outcome (PRO) for post-stroke spastic hemiplegia was used to measure the patients from the following four aspects:subjective symptoms, objective symptoms, mental state, and social function. Result After intervention, the scores of spasticity, and physiological, mental, social, and environmental factors were significantly improved in both groups (P<0.01,P<0.05). Compared to rehabilitation, Tiao Ren Tong Du needling plus bloodletting at Jing-well points can more significantly release the muscular spasticity and reduce the PRO score (P<0.01). The recovery plus markedly-effective rate was 70.6% in the treatment group versus 42.4% in the control group. Conclusion Tiao Ren Tong Du needling plus bloodletting at Jing-well points can effectively improve post-stroke spastic state and the quality of life.%目的:观察调任通督针刺法结合井穴刺血治疗脑卒中痉挛状态的临床疗效。方法将符合标准的67例患者随机分为调任通督针法结合井穴刺血组(治疗组)和康复治疗组(对照组),两组均每日治疗1次,6次为1个疗程,共治疗4个疗程。采用改良 Ashworth 张力评分法所定标准对肌痉挛程度进行评定,以及中风痉挛性偏瘫基于报告结局指标(PRO)对患者主观症状、客观症状、心理状态、社会功能4个领域进行评分。结果两组患者治

  2. Estudio de las regularidades físico químicas de la lixiviación del magnesio presente en las colas de la fábrica de níquel René Ramos Latour de Nicaro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yosvany Ferreiro Guerrero

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Se realiza un estudio de las regularidades físico químicas del proceso de lixiviación ácida orgánica del magnesio debido a que el mismo constituye uno de los elementos mayor consumidor de ácido en el proceso de lixiviación del cobalto presente en las colas de la fábrica de níquel ¨Comandante René Ramos Latour¨. Con la investigación se logra comprobar la influencia que tienen el contenido de sólido alimentado, la concentración inicial del ácido utilizado y el flujo de la solución en el proceso de lixiviación del magnesio. Se logra determinar experimentalmente que hasta un 56 % del magnesio presente en las colas pasa a formar parte de la solución.

  3. Topological Logics with Connectedness over Euclidean Spaces

    CERN Document Server

    Kontchakov, Roman; Pratt-Hartmann, Ian; Zakharyaschev, Michael

    2011-01-01

    We consider the quantifier-free languages, Bc and Bc0, obtained by augmenting the signature of Boolean algebras with a unary predicate representing, respectively, the property of being connected, and the property of having a connected interior. These languages are interpreted over the regular closed sets of n-dimensional Euclidean space (n greater than 1) and, additionally, over the regular closed polyhedral sets of n-dimensional Euclidean space. The resulting logics are examples of formalisms that have recently been proposed in the Artificial Intelligence literature under the rubric "Qualitative Spatial Reasoning." We prove that the satisfiability problem for Bc is undecidable over the regular closed polyhedra in all dimensions greater than 1, and that the satisfiability problem for both languages is undecidable over both the regular closed sets and the regular closed polyhedra in the Euclidean plane. However, we also prove that the satisfiability problem for Bc0 is NP-complete over the regular closed sets i...

  4. Untersuchungen zur Proteinbiosyntheseaktivität humaner Thrombozyten

    OpenAIRE

    Dobrowolski, Christiane A.

    2008-01-01

    Thrombozyten werden auch Blutplättchen genannt und sind die kleinsten zellulären, kernlosen Bestandteile des Blutes. Neben ihrer Hauptfunktion bei der primären und sekundären Hämostase haben sie entscheidenden Einfluss auf die sich anschließende Wundheilung. Infolge einer Gefäßverletzung entsteht im Zusammenspiel von Thrombozytenaggregation und Gerinnungskaskade ein Thrombus, um einen möglichst raschen Gefäßverschluss zu erzielen; dabei erfolgt die Aktivierung und Aggregation der Thromboz...

  5. 分享中社会联结、假想观众对品牌至爱的影响--他人回应分歧性的调节作用%The Role of Social Connectedness and Imaginary Audience on Brand Love in Brand Experience Sharing:the Moderating Role of Divergence of Others’ Responses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨德锋; 李清; 赵平

    2014-01-01

    基于分享现实理论,探讨体验分享中社会联结、假想观众对分享者本人原有品牌至爱的影响,以及他人回应分歧性对上述影响关系的调节作用。结果发现:(1)分享品牌体验有助于构建品牌至爱,分享正面品牌体验对分享者本人的品牌至爱具有正向影响;(2)对低社会联结或高假想观众的分享者来说,当他人回应存在分歧时,其原有品牌至爱的改变更大;(3)对高社会联结或低假想观众的分享者而言,他人回应中立和他人回应存在分歧对其原有品牌至爱的影响没有显著差异。%Brand love is the emotional attachment, passion and commitment a consumer has for a particular brand. This concept stresses the lover relationship between consumer and brand. People always say,“Happiness shared doubled and sadness shared halved”. Sharing brings important experience to other people; meanwhile, the sharing process also strengthens the sharers’ prior experience as well. Previous researches show that others’ congruent responses can enhance a person’s enjoyment of shared experiences;conversely, incongruent responses can reduce such enjoyment. However, few studies have examined the impact of divergence of others’ responses in the brand experience sharing and the effect of consumers’ social relationship perception on the change of their brand attitudes. Therefore, the present study examines how sharing brand experience influences sharers’ prior brand love and explores the interactive effects of others’ responses and social relationship perception (i.e., social connectedness and imaginary audience) on brand love in the context of experience sharing. Two experimental studies are conducted to examine the above effects. Experiment 1 explores the effect of brand experience sharing on sharers’ prior brand love. Experiment 2 examines the interactive effect between divergence of others’ responses and consumers’ social

  6. Rodent heart failure models do not reflect the human circulating microRNA signature in heart failure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vegter, Eline L; Ovchinnikova, Ekaterina S; Silljé, Herman H W; Meems, Laura M G; van der Pol, Atze; van der Velde, A Rogier; Berezikov, Eugene; Voors, Adriaan A; de Boer, Rudolf A; van der Meer, Peter

    2017-01-01

    We recently identified a set of plasma microRNAs (miRNAs) that are downregulated in patients with heart failure in comparison with control subjects. To better understand their meaning and function, we sought to validate these circulating miRNAs in 3 different well-established rat and mouse heart failure models, and correlated the miRNAs to parameters of cardiac function. The previously identified let-7i-5p, miR-16-5p, miR-18a-5p, miR-26b-5p, miR-27a-3p, miR-30e-5p, miR-199a-3p, miR-223-3p, miR-423-3p, miR-423-5p and miR-652-3p were measured by means of quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) in plasma samples of 8 homozygous TGR(mREN2)27 (Ren2) transgenic rats and 8 (control) Sprague-Dawley rats, 6 mice with angiotensin II-induced heart failure (AngII) and 6 control mice, and 8 mice with ischemic heart failure and 6 controls. Circulating miRNA levels were compared between the heart failure animals and healthy controls. Ren2 rats, AngII mice and mice with ischemic heart failure showed clear signs of heart failure, exemplified by increased left ventricular and lung weights, elevated end-diastolic left ventricular pressures, increased expression of cardiac stress markers and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction. All miRNAs were detectable in plasma from rats and mice. No significant differences were observed between the circulating miRNAs in heart failure animals when compared to the healthy controls (all P>0.05) and no robust associations with cardiac function could be found. The previous observation that miRNAs circulate in lower levels in human patients with heart failure could not be validated in well-established rat and mouse heart failure models. These results question the translation of data on human circulating miRNA levels to experimental models, and vice versa the validity of experimental miRNA data for human heart failure.

  7. Linking the Heart and the Head: Humanism and Professionalism in Medical Education and Practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montgomery, Lynda; Loue, Sana; Stange, Kurt C

    2017-05-01

    This paper articulates a practical interpretive framework for understanding humanism in medicine through the lens of how it is taught and learned. Beginning with a search for key tensions and relevant insights in the literature on humanism in health professions education, we synthesized a conceptual model designed to foster reflection and action to realize humanistic principles in medical education and practice. The resulting model centers on the interaction between the heart and the head. The heart represents the emotive domains of empathy, compassion, and connectedness. The head represents the cognitive domains of knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs. The cognitive domains often are associated with professionalism, and the emotive domains with humanism, but it is the connection between the two that is vital to humanistic education and practice. The connection between the heart and the head is nurtured by critical reflection and conscious awareness. Four provinces of experience nurture humanism: (1) personal reflection, (2) action, (3) system support, and (4) collective reflection. These domains represent potential levers for developing humanism. Critical reflection and conscious awareness between the heart and head through personal reflection, individual and collective behavior, and supportive systems has potential to foster humanistic development toward healing and health.

  8. International Journal of Arts and Humanities (IJAH) Bahir Dar- Ethiopia

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DrNneka

    limelight in literature particularly in the dramas of Samuel Beckett, the absurdist .... dramatic theory lecture note 2013:1) Søren Kierkegaard's understanding of ..... The Christian foundation of existentialism share the Marxist ideological firing.

  9. Seguir e servir a Cristo pobre: juventude, ideais e renúncias na Toca de Assis (Follow and serve Christ in poverty: youth, ideals and sacrifices in Toca de Assis. DOI: 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2012v10n26p456

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Portella

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo busca compreender a aderência de jovens a um instituto católico – Toca de Assis – que se caracteriza por adotar um estilo de vida configurado por radical pobreza, renúncia a bens e estudos formais, e dependência exclusiva da providência divina, além de desenvolvimento de trabalho com pessoas em situação de rua. Busca entender a opção juvenil por um estilo de vida religiosa rigoroso a partir de propostas de vida contrastivas com a sociedade contemporânea e, de certo modo, com a própria Igreja, visando identidades alternativas e fortes. Assim, o artigo desenvolve o tema Juventude; Toca de Assis, renúncia, pobreza; tem como objetivo verificar as relações entre juventude, comportamento e adesão a estilos de vida radicais; usa, principalmente, da metodologia das ciências sociais; tem por conclusão provisória a compreensão de que os jovens que aderem à Toca de Assis, ao renunciar a bens materiais, estudo, e ao assumirem uma vida de pobreza e solidariedade com os pobres, estão em um movimento de contrastividade e contestação social motivadas por uma identificação com o Cristo sofredor. Palavras-chave: Toca de Assis. Renúncia. Pobreza. Jovens.   Abstract: The present study aims to understand the adherence of youth people to a Catholic institute called Toca de Assis. This group adopts a lifestyle of radical poverty, wich calls for renunciation of material goods and also to formal studies. Participants in this group also claim rely solely on state of divine providence for their material survival. Young people in this group perform a work of assistance to people marginalized by society and to those who live at risk on the streets. The article seeks to understand the reasons for the choice of young people for a religious lifestyle so strict that contrasts with the lifestyle of contemporary society and in a sense, the Church itself, aiming at the formation of alternate identities. Thus, the article develops

  10. Generating opportunity : human resources needs in the bioenergy, biofuels and industrial biotechnology subsectors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2009-07-01

    Canada has a plentiful resource base and a long history of innovation in bioenergy, biofuels and industrial biotechnology. Success of the industry depends on having the required human resources capacity such as the right number of skilled, job-ready professionals to support companies as they develop and commercialize new solutions. This document presented the results of a human resources survey conducted by BioTalent regarding the national and global bioenergy, biofuels and industrial biotechnology subsectors. It addressed a variety of issues, such as the increasing demand for bioenergy; the near-term perspective; growth factors; and the role of public policy. A subsector snapshot of human resources was also presented, with particular reference to the principal areas of need; types of roles required in the bio-economy; human resources capacity and company size; regional variances; skills gaps; reliance on outsourcing; knowledge, learning and connectedness; recruitment, retention and turnover; and the road ahead. Conclusions and recommendations were also offered. It was concluded that once the economy recovers, demand for bioenergy, biofuels and industrial products and services is expected to increase. 3 tabs., 6 figs.

  11. Quantifying the Role of Homophily in Human Cooperation Using Multiplex Evolutionary Game Theory.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandro Di Stefano

    Full Text Available Nature shows as human beings live and grow inside social structures. This assumption allows us to explain and explore how it may shape most of our behaviours and choices, and why we are not just blindly driven by instincts: our decisions are based on more complex cognitive reasons, based on our connectedness on different spaces. Thus, human cooperation emerges from this complex nature of social network. Our paper, focusing on the evolutionary dynamics, is intended to explore how and why it happens, and what kind of impact is caused by homophily among people. We investigate the evolution of human cooperation using evolutionary game theory on multiplex. Multiplexity, as an extra dimension of analysis, allows us to unveil the hidden dynamics and observe non-trivial patterns within a population across network layers. More importantly, we find a striking role of homophily, as the higher the homophily between individuals, the quicker is the convergence towards cooperation in the social dilemma. The simulation results, conducted both macroscopically and microscopically across the network layers in the multiplex, show quantitatively the role of homophily in human cooperation.

  12. Quantifying the Role of Homophily in Human Cooperation Using Multiplex Evolutionary Game Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Di Stefano, Alessandro; Scatà, Marialisa; La Corte, Aurelio; Liò, Pietro; Catania, Emanuele; Guardo, Ermanno; Pagano, Salvatore

    2015-01-01

    Nature shows as human beings live and grow inside social structures. This assumption allows us to explain and explore how it may shape most of our behaviours and choices, and why we are not just blindly driven by instincts: our decisions are based on more complex cognitive reasons, based on our connectedness on different spaces. Thus, human cooperation emerges from this complex nature of social network. Our paper, focusing on the evolutionary dynamics, is intended to explore how and why it happens, and what kind of impact is caused by homophily among people. We investigate the evolution of human cooperation using evolutionary game theory on multiplex. Multiplexity, as an extra dimension of analysis, allows us to unveil the hidden dynamics and observe non-trivial patterns within a population across network layers. More importantly, we find a striking role of homophily, as the higher the homophily between individuals, the quicker is the convergence towards cooperation in the social dilemma. The simulation results, conducted both macroscopically and microscopically across the network layers in the multiplex, show quantitatively the role of homophily in human cooperation.

  13. Reconcilable differences? Human diversity, cultural relativity, and sense of community.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Townley, Greg; Kloos, Bret; Green, Eric P; Franco, Margarita M

    2011-03-01

    Sense of community (SOC) is one of the most widely used and studied constructs in community psychology. As proposed by Sarason in (The Psychological sense of community: prospects for a community psychology, Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, 1974), SOC represents the strength of bonding among community members. It is a valuable component of community life, and it has been linked to positive mental health outcomes, citizen participation, and community connectedness. However, promotion of SOC can become problematic in community psychology praxis when it conflicts with other core values proposed to define the field, namely values of human diversity, cultural relativity, and heterogeneity of experience and perspective. Several commentators have noted that promotion of SOC can conflict with multicultural diversity because it tends to emphasize group member similarity and appears to be higher in homogeneous communities. In this paper, we introduce the idea of a community-diversity dialectic as part of praxis and research in community psychology. We argue that systematic consideration of cultural psychology perspectives can guide efforts to address a community-diversity dialectic and revise SOC formulations that ultimately will invigorate community research and action. We provide a working agenda for addressing this dialectic, proposing that systematic consideration of the creative tension between SOC and diversity can be beneficial to community psychology.

  14. Seeking social connectedness: interdependent self-construal and impression formation using photographic cues of social connectedness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milyavskaya, Marina; Reoch, Jennifer; Koestner, Richard F; Losier, Gaëtan F

    2010-01-01

    Impression formation research has traditionally focused on either the characteristics of the target or of the participant, failing to examine their interplay. In the present study, we explored the role of interdependent self-construal on ratings of others who are portrayed as alone or connected. We hypothesized that participants with an interdependent view of the self would prefer others who are portrayed as socially connected, while the opposite would be true for participants low on interdependence. Results showed that college students high on interdependence rated a university professor photographed with another person relatively more positively than a professor photographed alone. This pattern was reversed for participants low on interdependence.

  15. Connectedness and "Connectedness": The Dark Side of Spirituality--Implications for Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Souza, Marian

    2012-01-01

    Over the past few decades in the western world, as the concept and language of spirituality has moved out of theological and religion study disciplines to include studies in secular spheres, much of the literature identifies spirituality as a positive thing. Experiences often linked to it are positive experiences such as awe and wonder, joy and…

  16. “津味儿”相声小段《马虎人》的价值--纪念马三立逝世十周年%The Value of Ma Hu Ren a Tianjin-styled Standup Comic Talk:In Memory of the Tenth Anniversary of the Death of Ma Sanli

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李博

    2013-01-01

    In the Spring Festival TV gala of Tianjin City 1990, Master Ma Sanli presented a standup comic talk named Ma Hu Ren , which was adapted from ancient jokes .Through a number of weird stories of Ma Hu the main character , it is sarcasm for forgetfulness , absent-mindedness , and stupidity in daily life .It brings back to our at-tention and brings into full play the time -proof vitality of ancient jokes , and sets an example for art of Chinese comic talk in entertaining and sarcastic terms .It is regarded as a gem of both Ma Sanli -styled and Tianjin-styled comic talks.%1990年的天津市春节联欢晚会上,相声泰斗马三立表演了单口相声《马虎人》。这是一段根据古代笑话改编而成的单口相声,通过描写主人公“马虎”的离奇遭遇,讽刺了生活中的“健忘”、“恍惚”、“愚昧”等不良现象。《马虎人》展示了古代笑话强大的生命力,体现了传统相声的娱乐、讽刺功能,是马氏相声或津门相声的缩影。

  17. 经济发达地区社区学院服务公民道德建设的模式--以昆山乐仁学院为例%On the Pattern of Community College Servicing Citizen Moral Construction in Developed Regions---Taking Le-ren College of Kunshan as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张国翔; 姚巧林

    2015-01-01

    Under the new situation, there are many problems in citizen ideological and moral education, such as the lack of core values, low spiritual quality, outdated publicity and education method, backward system and mechanism construction.Kunshan Community Training Institute makes the use of kunshan community education network system to create Le-ren College in order to actively explore new ways and new model for citizen moral construction.%在新形势下,公民思想道德建设存在核心价值观缺失、精神品格不高、宣传教育方法陈旧、体制机制建设落后等诸多问题。昆山市社区培训学院利用昆山市社区教育网络体系,创建昆山乐仁学院,积极探索公民思想道德建设的新途径、新模式。

  18. Human Rights Practice: A Means to Environmental Ends?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kate Donald

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Can human rights practice in its current dominant forms tackle the challenge of climate change and global environmental degradation? This article argues that although there is now increased recognition of the links between human rights and the environment, and while human rights tools and principles can contribute in some concrete ways in moving forward the environmental agenda, their potential for doing is so far largely unrealised. The article analyses three different approaches used by advocates and activists in this field, before discussing potential alternatives and examples of radical or hybrid approaches, with a view to articulating a strategy for activism and praxis that can capture the real and lived inter-connectedness of human rights enjoyment and environmental factors more meaningfully. ¿Puede la práctica de los derechos humanos en sus formas dominantes actuales hacer frente al desafío del cambio climático y la degradación global del medio ambiente? Este artículo sostiene que, aunque ahora hay un mayor reconocimiento de los vínculos entre los derechos humanos y el medio ambiente, y mientras que las herramientas y principios de los derechos humanos pueden contribuir en avanzar de manera concreta la agenda ambiental, su potencial se encuentra frustrado en gran parte hasta el momento. El artículo analiza tres enfoques diferentes utilizados por los defensores y activistas en este campo, antes de discutir alternativas y ejemplos de enfoques radicales o híbridos, con el fin de articular una estrategia para el activismo y la praxis que pueda capturar de manera más significativa la interconexión real y vivida del disfrute de los derechos humanos y de los factores medioambientales.

  19. The impact of Chinese cultural values on Taiwan nursing leadership styles: comparing the self-assessments of staff nurses and head nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Yuanmay

    2008-06-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of Chinese culture on nursing leadership behavior in Taiwan nurses. A descriptive study compared staff nurses' assessment of Chinese value in the leadership behavior of their head nurses. Data analysis was made on a convenience sample in Taiwan of 214 head nurses and 2,127 staff nurses who had worked with their head nurse for at least one year. Six medical centers and regional hospitals in northern (Taipei), central (Taichung) and southern (Kaohsiung) Taiwan were recruited for this study. Instruments included the demographic questionnaire, Chinese Value Survey, and Kang's Chinese Leadership Behaviors Module Scale. Results indicated that head nurses scored significantly higher than staff nurses in terms of all cultural values and leadership behaviors. Both staff nurses and head nurses scored the highest mean scores in personal integrity (Yi) and human connectedness (Ren) and the lowest in moral discipline (Li). Staff nurse perceptions of leadership behavior indicated the role of parent to be higher than either the role of director or mentor. Head nurses perceptions of leadership behavior emphasized the role of the director more than either parent or mentor. There were no significant differences between the staff nurses and head nurses in terms of expectative leadership behavior, which gave the role of director higher mean scores than those of either the parent or mentor. Positive and significant associations (r = .266 to r = .334) were found between cultural values and perceptions of leadership behavior. Cultural values predicted 10.6% of leadership behavior variance. The three demographic characteristics of location in northern Taiwan (beta = .09), intention to leave (beta = -.14), and general unit (beta = .10) and the two cultural values of human connectedness (Ren) (beta = .16) and personal integrity (Yi) (beta = .16) together reported a cumulative R2 of 14.6% to explain variance in leadership behavior

  20. Merging medical humanism and technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Armentano, R; de Forteza, E

    2010-01-01

    Dr. René Gerónimo Favaloro (12 July 1923 to 29 July 2000) was an Argentinian cardiovascular surgeon who revolutionized the field with his pioneering contributions, the most remarkable being the standardization of the coronary artery bypass surgery, performed for the first time in 1967. This technique, today one of the most commonly performed major operations, improved and saved the lives of countless patients with ischemic heart disease throughout the world and gained him international recognition.

  1. Human See, Human Do.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomasello, Michael

    1997-01-01

    A human demonstrator showed human children and captive chimpanzees how to drag food or toys closer using a rakelike tool. One side of the rake was less efficient than the other for dragging. Chimps tried to reproduce results rather than methods while children imitated and used the more efficient rake side. Concludes that imitation leads to…

  2. The Influence of Social Connectedness Under Traditional Chinese Culture on the Self-management Behavior of Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus---The Happy Life ClubTM%社会交往模式对2型糖尿病患者自我管理行为的影响研究--快乐生活俱乐部TM项目成果报告

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘硕; 杨辉; Colette BroWning; Shane Thomas; 张拓红

    2015-01-01

    Objective To exploring impacts of social connectedness model under Chinese traditional culture on Chinese type 2 diabetes mellitus patients( T2DM)chronic disease self - management. Methods A qualitative method Was applied in the Happy Life ClubTM a community - based research program of chronic disease management. Thirty three T2DM patients of 10 community health centres of Fengtai District in Beijing Were participated in in-depth semi-structured individual intervieWs. Results Self-management behaviours of T2DM patients are affected by social connectedness model under traditional Chinese culture Which mainly displays in altruistic preference,collective tendency,complementary or alternative of conventional system. Patients prefer selectively disclosing their disease in condition of maintaining their relationship. For maintaining collective benefits,patients are likely compromise With plan of healthy diet, alcohol and tobacco control;While oriental style of connectedness benefits to encourage collective exercise. In context of poor empathetic skills applied in medical service of China, the social connectedness is also a perceived approach of being understood,and exchange information that relevant With disease management. Conclusion Social connectedness under Chinese cultural has negative and/or positive effects on behaviours of Chinese T2DM patients'disease management. Suggestions Primary health care professionals need to understand the importance of Guanxi in behavior change. They need to be trained in taking holistic history that including social connectedness. When helping patients to manage their T2DM and other chronic conditions,professionals should collect and use the information to elicit and support patients finding social sensitive Ways of behavior changes that tailoring With model of social connectedness.%目的:探讨在中国传统文化背景下,社会交往模式对2型糖尿病患者自我管理行为的影响。方法采用社会学研究方

  3. Reconstruction of endometrium from human endometrial side population cell lines.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irene Cervelló

    Full Text Available Endometrial regeneration is mediated, at least in part, by the existence of a specialized somatic stem cell (SSC population recently identified by several groups using the side population (SP technique. We previously demonstrated that endometrial SP displays genotypic, phenotypic and the functional capability to develop human endometrium after subcutaneous injection in NOD-SCID mice. We have now established seven human endometrial SP (hESP cell lines (ICE 1-7: four from the epithelial and three from the stromal fraction, respectively. SP cell lines were generated under hypoxic conditions based on their cloning efficiency ability, cultured for 12-15 passages (20 weeks and cryopreserved. Cell lines displayed normal 46XX karyotype, intermediate telomerase activity pattern and expressed mRNAs encoding proteins that are considered characteristic of undifferentiated cells (Oct-4, GDF3, DNMT3B, Nanog, GABR3 and those of mesodermal origin (WT1, Cardiac Actin, Enolase, Globin, REN. Phenotype analysis corroborated their epithelial (CD9+ or stromal (vimentin+ cell origin and mesenchymal (CD90+, CD73+ and CD45⁻ attributes. Markers considered characteristic of ectoderm or endoderm were not detected. Cells did not express either estrogen receptor alpha (ERα or progesterone receptor (PR. The hESP cell lines were able to differentiate in vitro into adipocytes and osteocytes, which confirmed their mesenchymal origin. Finally, we demonstrated their ability to generate human endometrium when transplanted beneath the renal capsule of NOD-SCID mice. These findings confirm that SP cells exhibit key features of human endometrial SSC and open up new possibilities for the understanding of gynecological disorders such as endometriosis or Asherman syndrome. Our cell lines can be a valuable model to investigate new targets for endometrium proliferation in endometriosis.

  4. More Human than Human.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawrence, David

    2017-07-01

    Within the literature surrounding nonhuman animals on the one hand and cognitively disabled humans on the other, there is much discussion of where beings that do not satisfy the criteria for personhood fit in our moral deliberations. In the future, we may face a different but related problem: that we might create (or cause the creation of) beings that not only satisfy but exceed these criteria. The question becomes whether these are minimal criteria, or hierarchical, such that those who fulfill them to greater degree should be afforded greater consideration. This article questions the validity and necessity of drawing divisions among beings that satisfy the minimum requirements for personhood; considering how future beings-intelligent androids, synthezoids, even alternate-substrate sentiences-might fit alongside the "baseline" human. I ask whether these alternate beings ought to be considered different to us, and why this may or may not matter in terms of a notion of "human community." The film Blade Runner, concerned in large part with humanity and its key synthezoid antagonist Roy Batty, forms a framing touchstone for my discussion. Batty is stronger, faster, more resilient, and more intelligent than Homo sapiens. His exploits, far beyond the capability of normal humans, are contrasted with his frailty and transient lifespan, his aesthetic appreciation of the sights he has seen, and his burgeoning empathy. Not for nothing does his creator within the mythos term him "more human than human."

  5. Implementierung eines interdisziplinären Unterrichtscurriculums "Kommunikative Kompetenz lehren und prüfen" im vierten Studienjahr Humanmedizin (CoMeD [Implementation of the interdisciplinary curriculum Teaching and Assessing Communicative Competence in the fourth academic year of medical studies (CoMeD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mortsiefer, Achim

    2012-02-01

    Medical Education Düsseldorf wurde ein interdisziplinäres Unterrichtsprogramm zur Lehre und Prüfung kommunikativer Kompetenzen im 4. Studienjahr etabliert. Dieser Beitrag berichtet über die Projektentwicklung sowie die Ergebnisse der studentischen Evaluation.Methoden: In einem mehrstufigen Prozess wurden Lernziele und Unterrichtsformate entwickelt, begleitet von Dozentenschulungen und dem Aufbau eines Schauspielpatienten (SP-Programms. In Zusammenarbeit mit den klinischen Fächern wurde an der Integrierung des Kommunikationstrainings in den interdisziplinären Modulunterricht gearbeitet. Es erfolgte eine studentische Evaluation. Ergebnisse: Bisher wurden sechs Traingseinheiten mit SP mit zugehörigen Vorbereitungsseminaren / e-learning - Einheiten zu schwierigen Kommunikationsthemen wie „Umgang mit Aggressionen“ oder „Überbringen einer schlechten Nachricht“ etabliert. Eine OSCE-Prüfung (objective structured clinical examination mit 4 Stationen wurde eingeführt. Die studentische Evaluation auf einer fünfstufigen Likert-Skala ergab für sämtliche Kurse in mehr als 80% der Antworten die zeithöchste oder höchste Bewertung. Diskussion: Die Einführung eines interdisziplinären Kommunikationstrainings sowie einer OSCE-Prüfung zu schwierigen Arzt-Patienten-Interaktionen im 4. Studienjahr ist machbar. Die Einbettung des Unterrichts in den klinischen Kontext und die Einbeziehung klinisch tätiger Dozenten stellen wichtige Faktoren dar, um die praktische Relevanz sicherzustellen und eine hohe studentische Akzeptanz zu erzielen.

  6. Renúncia de arrecadação fiscal: subsídios para discussão e formulação de uma política pública Tax expenditures on health care: contributions toward a public policy agenda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria de Fátima Siliansky de Andreazzi

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho pretende investigar diversos aspectos relacionados aos incentivos governamentais que permitem o abatimento de parte dos gastos das famílias e empresas com assistência à saúde no imposto de renda. Como tais incentivos são deduzidos da renda tributável das pessoas físicas e do lucro tributável das pessoas jurídicas, a arrecadação fiscal do Estado é forçosamente reduzida. Segundo estimativa da Secretaria da Receita Federal, o valor desta renúncia, considerando as despesas com planos de saúde e os desembolsos diretos com assistência médico-hospitalar, girou em torno de R$ 2,8 bilhões em 2005. Em um quadro de subfinanciamento crônico do SUS, esta problemática será discutida à luz da eqüidade do financiamento e dos conflitos de interesse evidenciados no setor saúde.The work discusses the tax incentives with private medical expenses to families and workers in Brazil. The estimate presented by the Federal Fiscal Authority is R$ 2,8 billions in 2005. Initially, a review of concepts about the matter is performed that stressed the lack of consensus in the academic community, about the meaning of tax expenditures. It discussed, also, the relations between this fiscal policy and demand to private health insurance. After, the article presents the results of a documental research concerning political positions of relevant Brazilian social actors found in the 2000's. The discussion pointed to problems of equity and conflicts of interests that are involved with the changes in the rules that discipline these incentives.

  7. Retraction statement: 'Formin-like2 regulates Rho/ROCK pathway to promote actin assembly and cell invasion of colorectal cancer' by Yuanfeng Zeng, Huijun Xie, Yudan Qiao, Jianmei Wang, Xiling Zhu, Guoyang He, Yuling Li, Xiaoli Ren, Feifei Wang, Li Liang and Yanqing Ding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-07-01

    The above article in Cancer Science (doi: 10.1111/cas.12768), published online on 26 October 2015 in Wiley Online Library (http://wileyonlinelibrary.com), has been retracted by agreement between the authors, the journal Editor in Chief, Yusuke Nakamura, and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd. The retraction has been agreed as Panels +C3 and +Y27632 of SW480 Mock shown in Figure 2a appear to have been taken from the same image, Panels + C3 and +Y27632 of HT29 FMNL2 shown in Figure 2a appear to have been taken from the same image, Panels shFMNL2-1 and shmDial1-1 in Figure 3a appear to have been taken from the same image, shFMNL2-2 and shmDial1-2 in Figure 3a appear to have been taken from the same image, Panels of shFMNL2-1 + shmDial1-1 and shFMNL2-1 + shmDial1-2 of +LPA appear to have been taken from the same image, gel bands of FLAG in Figure 4e appear to have been have been manipulated by erasing gel bands. Reference Zeng Y, Xie H, Qiao Y, Wang J, Zhu X, He G, Li Y, Ren X, Wang F, Liang L, Ding Y. Formin-like2 regulates Rho/ROCK pathway to promote actin assembly and cell invasion of colorectal cancer. Cancer Sci 2015; 106: 1385-93. doi: 10.1111/cas.12768.

  8. Retraction statement: ‘Formin‐like2 regulates Rho/ROCK pathway to promote actin assembly and cell invasion of colorectal cancer’ by Yuanfeng Zeng, Huijun Xie, Yudan Qiao, Jianmei Wang, Xiling Zhu, Guoyang He, Yuling Li, Xiaoli Ren, Feifei Wang, Li Liang and Yanqing Ding

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    The above article in Cancer Science (doi: 10.1111/cas.12768), published online on 26 October 2015 in Wiley Online Library (http://wileyonlinelibrary.com), has been retracted by agreement between the authors, the journal Editor in Chief, Yusuke Nakamura, and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd. The retraction has been agreed as Panels +C3 and +Y27632 of SW480 Mock shown in Figure 2a appear to have been taken from the same image, Panels + C3 and +Y27632 of HT29 FMNL2 shown in Figure 2a appear to have been taken from the same image, Panels shFMNL2‐1 and shmDial1‐1 in Figure 3a appear to have been taken from the same image, shFMNL2‐2 and shmDial1‐2 in Figure 3a appear to have been taken from the same image, Panels of shFMNL2‐1 + shmDial1‐1 and shFMNL2‐1 + shmDial1‐2 of +LPA appear to have been taken from the same image, gel bands of FLAG in Figure 4e appear to have been have been manipulated by erasing gel bands. Reference ZengY , XieH , QiaoY , WangJ , ZhuX , HeG , LiY , RenX , WangF , LiangL , DingY . Formin‐like2 regulates Rho/ROCK pathway to promote actin assembly and cell invasion of colorectal cancer. Cancer Sci 2015; 106: 1385–93. doi: 10.1111/cas.12768 26258642 PMID:27420476

  9. Applying the nursing theory of human relatedness to alcoholism and recovery in alcoholics anonymous.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strobbe, Stephen; Hagerty, Bonnie; Boyd, Carol

    2012-12-01

    Alcohol misuse is a global health risk, and Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) is the largest and most popular mutual-help program for individuals with alcohol-related problems. In recent years, researchers and clinicians have become increasingly interested in specific mechanisms of action that may contribute to positive outcomes through involvement with this 12-step program for recovery, yet few have applied a theoretical framework to these efforts. We examined the phenomena of alcoholism and recovery in AA, using the nursing Theory of Human Relatedness (THR). THR addresses a pervasive human concern: "establishing and maintaining relatedness to others, objects, environments, society and self." The theory describes four states of relatedness (connectedness, disconnectedness, parallelism, and enmeshment) and four relatedness competencies (sense of belonging, reciprocity, mutuality, and synchrony). Both alcoholism and recovery in AA can be viewed primarily in terms of relatedness. In active alcoholism, an individual's involvement with alcohol (enmeshment) can limit, impair, or preclude healthy or adaptive relatedness toward virtually all other referents, including self. As a program of recovery, each of the 12 Steps of Alcoholics Anonymous addresses an individual's relatedness to one or more identified referents while simultaneously enhancing and expanding each of the four relatedness competencies. THR provides a theoretical framework to help direct patient care, research, and education and has the potential to serve as a unifying theory in the study of alcoholism and recovery in AA.

  10. Human Development, Human Evolution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smillie, David

    One of the truly remarkable events in human evolution is the unprecedented increase in the size of the brain of "Homo" over a brief span of 2 million years. It would appear that some significant selective pressure or opportunity presented itself to this branch of the hominid line and caused a rapid increase in the brain, introducing a…

  11. Financial performance and information disclosure on human resources: an analysis of companies in the IBRX – 100

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Henrique Costa Souza

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The research question that guided this study was: What is the relationship between the process of disseminating information on human resources and the financial performance of the companies? The research was conducted with the companies in the IBrX-100. All reports that supported this study relate only to the year 2013. The process of disseminating information on human resources was analyzed using the method by Mamun (2009. The statistical technique of multiple regression was used to assist in the interpretation of data, based on a cross-sectional view. The variables chosen for this study were Profitability (REN; Turnover (VV and Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization (EBITDA. The companies analyzed presented a low disclosure rate of information on human resources. In view of the variables surveyed for this study, however, it can be concluded that there is a relationship between the process of disseminating information on human resources and the financial performance of companies when represented by Turnover and EBITDA - given that the profitability demonstrated no significant relationship in this analysis. Overall, the findings confirm other previous studies on the subject.

  12. Mainstreaming Human Security in the Philippines: Options and Prospects for Non-State Actors in Light of the 'ASEAN Way'

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo T. Gonzalez

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Progress in human security in the Philippines is influenced by the ‘ASEAN Way’, which underscores consensual approach to decision-making, informal structures and processes, and the principle of non-interference in member-countries’ internal affairs. Along these lines, ASEAN broadened the agenda of security to encompass problems like poverty, epidemics, food security, human rights, and climate change, but failed to deepen security from a focus on the state to a focus on human individu- als and communities. Yet the ‘ASEAN Way’ offers enough tolerance for ‘operationalising’ possibili- ties for normative non-state securitisation. Philippine NGOs have intervened in the decision-making process, shaped and disseminated politically relevant values and norms, and have taken the initiative to set rules themselves. For the Philippine government labouring under ‘soft state’ conditions, the most appropriate role based on a human security agenda would be to strengthen existing institu- tional structures, expand the democratic space for non-state actors, and join inter-state regimes and quasi-diplomatic arrangements, thereby reducing transaction costs and facilitating reciprocity within ASEAN. ----- Der „ASEAN Way“, der konsensuelle Entscheidungsprozesse, informelle Strukturen und Prozesse sowie das Prinzip der Nichteinmischung in die inneren Angelegenheiten der Mitgliedstaaten betont, hat direkte Auswirkungen auf die Weiterentwicklung menschlicher Sicherheit auf den Philippinen. Innerhalb dieses Rahmens erweiterte ASEAN die sicherheitspolitische Agenda um Probleme wie Armut, Epidemien, Nahrungsmittelsicherheit, Menschenrechte und Klimawandel. Es erfolgte jedoch keine Vertiefung des Sicherheitsbegriffs durch einen Fokuswechsel vom Staat hin zu Individuen und Gruppen – und das obwohl der „ASEAN Way“ ausreichend Operationalisierungsspielraum für nor- mative nicht-staatliche Sekuritisierung böte. Philippinische NGOs beteiligen sich

  13. Human rights

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gaay Fortman, B. de

    2006-01-01

    Human rights reflect a determined effort to protect the dignity of each and every human being against abuse of power. This endeavour is as old as human history. What is relatively new is the international venture for the protection of human dignity through internationally accepted legal standards an

  14. Brahe vs. Ursus: Videnskabelig uredelighed i renæssancen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schlichtkrull, Torsten

    2016-01-01

    I efteråret 1584 havde Tycho Brahe besøg på af sin slægtning Erik Lange – og han kom ikke alene: Med i følget var en ung, selvlært matematiker, Nicolaus Ursus, som under besøget på Hven blev taget i at snuse lige lovlig meget i Tychos papirer. Det var netop på den tid, Tycho arbejdede på sit...... verdenssystem, som han udgav i 1588 – samme år, som bemeldte Ursus også udgav et verdenssystem, som til forveksling lignede Tychos. Tycho var overbevist om, at Ursus havde stjålet hans system og ville have ham retsforfulgt for det intellektuelle tyveri. Men var Ursus overhovedet skyldig?...

  15. Stimmen des Leis, schillernde Gewebe / Christoph Schlüren

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Schlüren, Christoph

    1995-01-01

    Baltische Werke für Streichorchester: Vol. 1: Balakauskas: Ostrobothnian Symphony, Vasks: Symphonie "Stimmen", Narbutaite: Opus Lugubre; Vol. 2: Kutavicius: Nothern Gates, Vasks: Cantabile, Tüür: Insula Deserta, Rekasius: Music for strings, Werke von Urbaitis und Juozapaitis; Ostrobothnian Chamber Orchestra, Dirigent: Juha Kangas; Finlandia / east-west CD-s 4509-97892-2 und 4509-97893-2. Vasks: Cantabile, Englischhorn-Konzert, Botschaft, Musica dolorosa, Lauda; Riga Philarmonic Orchestra, Dirigent: Kriss Rusmanis; Confer / BMG 75605-51236-2. Eller: Morgenrot, Abendrot, 5 Stücke für Streicher, Geister, Im Schatten und im Sonnenlicht, Elegia; Estonian Symphony Orchestra, Dirigent: Peeter Lilje; Forte FD 0020/2. Tubin: 11. Symphonie, Elegie für Streicher, Raid: 2. Symphonie; Estnisches Staatliches Symphonieorchester, Dirigent: Arvo Volmer; Koch 3-7291-2 H1. Sumera: Symphonien 1-3; Malmö Symphony Orchestra, Dirigent: Paavo Järvi; BIS/Disco-Center 660. Sumera: Klavierkonzert, 4. Symphonie, Musica tenera; Malmö Symphony Orchestra, Dirigent: Paavo Järvi; BIS/Disco-Center 690. Tormis: Werke für Männerchor; Estnischer Nationaler Männerchor, Dirigent: Olev Oja; Forte CDs FD 0011/2 und FD 0019/2 Tutvustatakse uusi heliplaate Baltimaade heliloojate loomingust.

  16. 1593-IJBCS-Article-Koffi René Dongo

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    Impacts des effluents liquides industriels sur l'environnement urbain ... maillons essentiels du développement, après le succès de l'agriculture. ... Ces eaux industrielles résiduaires ou usées sont rejetées parfois dans le réceptacle naturel qui ...

  17. Tormis. 29 estnische Kalenderlieder / Christoph Schlüren

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Schlüren, Christoph

    1997-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Tormis. 29 estnische Kalenderlieder (Martinstag, Katharinentag, Fasching, Schaukellieder), Drei estnische Spiellieder; Estnischer Philarmonischer Kammerchor; Tõnu Kaljuste"; Virgin/EMI CD 545185-2 (WD: 51'54") DDD

  18. Mollusken aus posttertiären Schichten von Celebes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schepman, M.M.

    1912-01-01

    Die im Folgenden behandelten Mollusken stammen aus der Nähe von Kajoe ragi auf Celebes, woselbst sie durch R. FENNEMA aus denselben Schichten ausgelesen wurden, aus denen früher durch J. G. DE MAN einige brachyure Krebse beschrieben sind. Es darf deswegen betreffs näherer Angaben über die Herkunft

  19. Karen Blixen's "The Poet" and Søren Kierkegaard's 'Gjentagelsen'

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bunch, Mads

    2014-01-01

    attention to a reoccurring character in Kierkegaard’s production: the elderly bachelor esthete (Constantin Constantius), whom Blixen in “The Poet” exposes as a demonic, yet comical character. I will conclude by pointing out that repetition should be acknowledged as an integral part of Blixen’s poetics...

  20. Facets of China Lao Beijing ren finds a home

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Bruce Connolly

    2004-01-01

    <正> After 17 years involvement with China I wished to feel part of a local community. I was about to experience another aspect of living in the city. The courtyard represented an older life but now my conditions would be similar to most Beijingers who reside in apartments within compounds.