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Sample records for huludao city liaoning

  1. Ecological risk assessment of heavy metals in surface seawater and sediment near the outlet of a zinc factory in Huludao City, Liaoning Province, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, Yongliang; Chen, Yanzhen; Wang, Jing; Gong, Yufeng; Liu, Xigang; Mu, Gang; Tian, Hua

    2016-11-01

    At present, the methods widely applied to assess ecological risk of heavy metals are essentially single-point estimates in which exposure and toxicity data cannot be fully used and probabilities of adverse biological eff ects cannot be achieved. In this study, based on investigation of concentrations of six heavy metals (As, Hg, Pb, Cd, Cu, and Zn) in the surface seawater and sediment near the outlet of a zinc factory, located in Huludao City, Liaoning Province, China, a tiered approach consisting of several probabilistic options was used to refine ecological risk assessment for the individuals. A mixture of various heavy metals was detected in the surface seawater, and potential ecological risk index (PERI) was adopted to assess the potential ecological risk of heavy metals in the surface sediment. The results from all levels of aquatic ecological risk assessment in the tiered framework, ranging from comparison of single eff ects and exposure values to the use of distribution-based Hazard Quotient obtained through Monte Carlo simulation, are consistent with each other. Briefly, aquatic Zn and Cu posed a clear ecological risk, while Cd, Pb, Hg, and As in the water column posed potential risk. As expected, combined ecological risk of heavy metal mixture in the surface seawater was proved significantly higher than the risk caused by any individual heavy metal, calculated using the concept of total equivalent concentration. According to PERI, the severity of pollution by the six heavy metals in the surface sediment decreased in the following sequence: Cd>Hg>As>Pb>Cu>Zn, and the total heavy metals in the sediment posed a very high risk to the marine environment. This study provides a useful mathematical framework for ecological risk assessment of heavy metals.

  2. Liaoning Huludao Beach Exhibition Center by META-Project%辽宁葫芦岛市海滨展示中心设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王硕; 张婧

    2012-01-01

    This article offers an introduction to META-Project's recent work,the 'Beach Exhibition Center' in Huludao,liaoning.Starting with a clear process of reasoning,the architects of META-Project come up with a strategy of section that controls the entire design.Through 'clashes' between distinct programmatic volumes,the internal space evolves into unexpected complexities.The article also raises the issue of how architects could expand the relationship between architecture and public space in commercial Programs.%文章介绍了元建筑设计的葫芦岛海滨展示中心项目。建筑师在设计过程中通过明确的推理过程,提出控制整个设计的剖面策略。并在此基础上,通过不同功能体量间的冲突,演化出意料之外的空间复杂性,最终使该建筑成为公共的舞台。文章同时探讨了建筑师如何在商业项目中拓展建筑与公共空间的关系的问题。

  3. Flood Control Planning Study of Huludao City%葫芦岛市城市防洪规划方案研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨林; 侯立颖

    2011-01-01

    Huludao City is located in the western Iiaoning Province. There are about 500 rivers, in which 27 rivers' river area is more than 100km2. The flood control project of Huludao City involves four rivers: Wuli River, lianshan River, Cishan River, Moon River. Facing the critical issues of flood control for the city, the paper analyzed the status quo, found the problem, and made the scientific urban flood control plan.%葫芦岛市地处辽宁省西部,大中小河流约500余条,流域面积大于1 00km2河流有27条,葫芦岛市城市防洪工程涉及的河流有四条,分别为五里河、连山河、茨山河、月亮河.针对城市防洪面临的严峻问题,从分析现状、查找问题到科学制定城市防洪规划进行了系统地探讨与研究.

  4. Changes in Ecosystem Service Values in Fuxin City, Liaoning Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guowei Li

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Variation in ecosystem services value across land-use scenarios in Fuxin City of Liaoning Province were explored in the study. Two-period land use survey data (1996 and 2010 were used to estimate changes in the size of seven land use categories and the most recently published value equivalent was used to estimate changes in the values of ecosystem services. The total value of ecosystem services in Fuxin City was 17674.75 million Yuan in 1996 and 19077.59 million Yuan in 2010, with an increase of 1402.84 million Yuan mainly due to the inclining areas of forestland and grass land, which indicated the eco-environment in Fuxin City has been becoming better and better. However, agricultural land including farmland and orchard showed the tendency of decrease, which indicated food security has been facing with challenge in Fuxin City.

  5. Prevalence and time trends of spina bifida in fourteen cities located in the Liaoning province of northeast China, 2006-2015.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ba, Gen; Wu, Qi-Jun; Chen, Yan-Ling; Huang, Yan-Hong; Gong, Ting-Ting

    2017-01-27

    The present study sought to assess the time trends of spina bifida on the basis of cases identified by the Liaoning Birth Defects Registry in 14 cities from 2006 to 2015. We calculated the prevalence of spina bifida, percent and average change of time trends, and contribution rates of each city. Poisson regression model was used to find the line of best fit for spina bifida prevalence by year, with year as a continuous independent variable. From 2006 to 2015, a total of 2,029 spina bifida cases were identified from 3,248,954 live births (6.25/10,000 live births). We observed statistically significant decreasing trend of overall time trend (11.57% each year). Chaoyang, Fuxin, and Huludao were the top three leading cities, with 14.30/10,000 live births, 9.70/10,000 live births, and 9.20/10,000 live births, respectively. Inversely, the bottom three cities with lowest prevalence were Anshan (2.64/10,000 live births), Dandong (3.43/10,000 live births), and Dalian (3.45/10,000 live births). Of note, we observed significant decreasing trends in over half of these cities (n = 8). In addition, the decreasing trend of overall time trend could be mainly attributed to cities of Shenyang, Fushun, and Jinzhou which accounted for nearly one third. In summary, our study suggested a decreasing time trend of spina bifida during the past decade in the Liaoning province. The findings of this study provide evidence that the nationwide folic acid supplement program has been an effective strategy to prevent spina bifida.

  6. Analysis on Tourism Economic Spatial Relation of Liaoning Central City Group

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guodong; SUN; Liang; ZHAO

    2014-01-01

    Through the calculation and analysis of the tourism economic spatial relation,it found that Liaoning central urban agglomeration tourism economic spatial relation has many problems,such as the central city is insufficient,and the low degree of spatial relations. Therefore,this article puts forward the countermeasures,which can provide theoretical and practical reference for Liaoning central urban agglomeration tourism industry layout.

  7. Decreasing prevalence and time trend of gastroschisis in 14 cities of Liaoning Province: 2006–2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Na; Chen, Yan-Ling; Li, Jing; Li, Li-Li; Jiang, Cheng-Zhi; Zhou, Chen; Liu, Cai-Xia; Li, Da; Gong, Ting-Ting; Wu, Qi-Jun; Huang, Yan-Hong

    2016-01-01

    To identify trends in the prevalence of gastroschisis on the basis of a large population-based observation study with cases identified by the Liaoning Birth Defects Registry including 14 cities over the course of a 10-year period. Data were obtained from the aforementioned registry which was maintained by the Liaoning Women and Children’s Health Hospital, a comprehensive care institution as well as being responsible for the women’s and children’s health care guidance in this province. Gastroschisis prevalence, percent change, annual percent change (APC), and contribution rates of each city were calculated. We observed 747 cases of gastroschisis among 3,248,954 live births, for a prevalence of 2.30 per 10,000 births. The gastroschisis prevalence significantly decreased by 12.63% per year in Liaoning Province. Although the decreasing trends were observed in all these 14 cities, significant results were only observed in Shenyang (APC = −16.31%), Tieling (APC = −20.23%), and Chaoyang (APC = −13.50%). Notably, Tieling, Shenyang, and Yingkou were the three major cities which contributed almost 37.17% of the decreasing trend of gastroschisis in Liaoning Province. In conclusion, our findings demonstrate that the prevalence of gastroschisis has been decreasing during the recent decade among 14 cities in Liaoning Province. PMID:27623985

  8. Investigating the effects of climatic variables and reservoir on the incidence of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome in Huludao City, China: a 17-year data analysis based on structure equation model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shen Tiefeng

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background HFRS is a serious public health problem in China and the study on HFRS is important in China for its large population. The present study aimed to explore the impact of climatic variables and reservoir on the incidence of HFRS in Huludao City, an epidemic focus of the disease in northeastern China. Methods Structure Equation Model (SEM, a statistical technique for testing and estimating causal relationships, was conducted based on climatic variables, virus-carrying index among rodents, and incidence of HFRS in the city during the period 1990 to 2006. The linear structural relationships (LISREL software (Scientific Software International, Lincolnwood, IL was used to fit SEMs. Results Temperature, precipitation, relative humidity and virus-carrying index among rodents have shown positive correlations with the monthly incidence of HFRS, while air pressure had a negative correlation with the incidence. The best-fit SEM model fitted well with the data-based correlation matrix, P value was more than 0.56, root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA equaled to 0, goodness-of-fit index (GFI was more than 0.99. Conclusion Climate and reservoirs have affected the incidence of HFRS in Huludao City, located in northeastern China. Climate affects HFRS incidence mainly through the effect on reservoir in the study area. HFRS prevention and control should give more consideration to rodent control and climate variations.

  9. Investigating the effects of climatic variables and reservoir on the incidence of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome in Huludao City, China: a 17-year data analysis based on structure equation model

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    Background HFRS is a serious public health problem in China and the study on HFRS is important in China for its large population. The present study aimed to explore the impact of climatic variables and reservoir on the incidence of HFRS in Huludao City, an epidemic focus of the disease in northeastern China. Methods Structure Equation Model (SEM), a statistical technique for testing and estimating causal relationships, was conducted based on climatic variables, virus-carrying index among rodents, and incidence of HFRS in the city during the period 1990 to 2006. The linear structural relationships (LISREL) software (Scientific Software International, Lincolnwood, IL) was used to fit SEMs. Results Temperature, precipitation, relative humidity and virus-carrying index among rodents have shown positive correlations with the monthly incidence of HFRS, while air pressure had a negative correlation with the incidence. The best-fit SEM model fitted well with the data-based correlation matrix, P value was more than 0.56, root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA) equaled to 0, goodness-of-fit index (GFI) was more than 0.99. Conclusion Climate and reservoirs have affected the incidence of HFRS in Huludao City, located in northeastern China. Climate affects HFRS incidence mainly through the effect on reservoir in the study area. HFRS prevention and control should give more consideration to rodent control and climate variations. PMID:19583875

  10. Geographical distribution of ecological footprint and sustainability analysis for Liaoning Province%辽宁省生态足迹地理分布及其可持续发展分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王青; 顾晓薇; 刘建兴

    2004-01-01

    This paper presents the detailed results and analyses on the ecological footprints and bio-capacities of the individual cities and the province as a whole for the year 2001, providing a clear picture of sustainability for the province. Results show that the ecological footprints of most cities in Liaoning exceeded their respective bio-capacities, incurring high ecological deficits. The ecological deficit of the province as a whole was 1.31 ha/cap. Those cities with resources extraction and/or primary material-making as their major industries constitute the "ecologically black band", whose ecological deficits ranged from 2.45 to 5.23 ha/cap, the highest of all cities in the province. Fossil energy consumption was the major source of footprint amounting to 1.63 ha/cap at the provincial level,taking up 67.3% of the total. For cropland, modest ecological surpluses occurred in Jinzhou, Tieling,Huludao, and Panjin while modest ecological deficits in Dalian, Benxi, Fushun, and Dandong, resulting in an overall surplus for the province. Liaoning had a certain level of surplus in fishing ground (water area), mainly distributed in the coastal cities of Dalian, Panjin, Huludao, Yingkou, Jinzhou, and Dandong. Most cities had a small ecological deficit in pasture and all had a small ecological surplus in forest. The eco-efficiency, expressed as GDP value per hectare of footprint, exhibits high variations among the cities, with the highest (Shenyang) more than 10 times the lowest (Fuxin). Cities with manufacture, high-tech, and better developed service industries had high eco-efficiency, while those with resources extraction, primary material-making, and less developed service industries had low eco-efficiency. Based on the components and geographical distribution of ecological footprint, strategic policy implications are outlined for Liaoning's development toward a sustainable future.

  11. Economic Vulnerability of Mining City——A Case Study of Fuxin City, Liaoning Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI He; ZHANG Pingyu; CHENG Yeqing

    2009-01-01

    The economic system of mining city is of typical vulnerability characteristics that can be manifested by its high economic sensitivity and lack of response capacity to the gradual depletion of regional mineral resources. Taking Fuxin City of Liaoning Province as a case, this paper established an economic vulnerability assessment method inte-grating BP neural network with vulnerability index, then carried out an economic vulnerability assessment of Fuxin during 1989-2006. The results indicate that: 1) Affected by the gradual depletion of regional mineral resources, the economic development of Fuxin had kept high economic sensitivity from 1995 to 2001, and the response capacity to cope with and adapt to the impacts of the perturbation of mineral resources was weak and relatively lag. The evolution of economic vulnerability can be divided into three stages: in 1989-1994, the economic vulnerability of Fuxin City decreased slowly; in 1995-2001, the beginning stage of economic transformation, the economic vulnerability of Fuxin City went up rapidly; in 2002-2006, the economic vulnerability of Fuxin City descended and showed a trend to be sta-ble. 2) The influence of economic sensitivity on Fuxin's economic vulnerability is more evident than that of response capacity. 3) The decreasing supply of mineral resources and the simple industrial structure are main factors leading to the economic sensitivity of Fuxin. 4) The improvement of economic response capacity of Fuxin has typical character-istics of input-driven growth, and external assistance is of great importance to the rapid improvement of economic re-sponse capacity of Fuxin. And 5) the change from the simple industrial structure to diversified one of Fuxin is still un-accomplished, and the contribution of non-coal-based industry to local economic development is relatively limited.

  12. Heavy Metal Contents in Insects Collected from the Huludao City Suffering Pollution by Zinc Smelting and Cholor-alkai Production%锌冶炼-氯碱复合污染区昆虫中的重金属

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张仲胜; 王起超; 吕宪国; 郑冬梅; 孙晓静; 张新艳; 张少庆

    2009-01-01

    14 insect species, which were classified to three groups: the herbivorous, the polyphagous and the carnivorous, and earthworms were collected from the grasslands in Huludao City, Iiaoning Province, China. Mercury, cadmium and lead contents in biota were determined to discuss the heavy metal pollution in organisms. Mercury, cadmium and lead contents were 0.168, 9.19 and 12.58 mg·kg~(-1) in the herbivorous insects, respectively; 0.375, 24.43 and 17.71 mg·kg~(-1) in the polyphagous insects, respectively; 0.928, 29.78 and 18.39 mg·kg~(-1) in the carnivorous insects, respectively. It showed that heavy metal pollution in biota in Huludao City was heavy. Bioaccumulation abilities to heavy metals significantly differed with insect species. Snails and dragonflies could accumulate more mercury than the other insects and spiders could accumulate the most cadmium and lead in all insect species. These three metals investigated in insects were all sorted as the herbivorous < the polyphagous < the carnivorous. Cadmium and lead contents between the polyphagous and the carnivorous varied slightly. Correlation analysis showed that cadmium and lead contents were significantly related, but mercury and cadmium or mercury and lead were not. It indicated that cadmium and lead in insects were from the same pollution sources while mercury was more complex.%采集葫芦岛草地中14种昆虫(植食性、杂食性、肉食性)及蚯蚓,测定生物体内汞、镉、铅含量,研究生物体内重金属污染情况.植食性昆虫汞、镉、铅平均含量分别为0.168、9.19、12.58 mg·kg~(-1);杂食性昆虫汞、镉、铅平均含量分别为0.375、24.43、17.71 mg·kg~(-1);肉食性昆虫汞、镉、铅平均含量0.928、29.78、18.39 mg·kg~(-1);蚯蚓平均汞含量为1.923 mg·kg~(-1),葫芦岛生物体内重金属污染严重.不同种类昆虫对重金属的富集能力差异较大,蜗牛、蜻蜓对汞的富集能力较高;蜘蛛对镉、铅的富集能力较高.昆虫体

  13. Hazardous Heavy metal distribution in Dahuofang catchment, Fushun, Liaoning, an important industry city in China: a case study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wu, Gang [State Key Laboratory of Urban and Regional Ecology, Research Center for Eco-environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Bejing (China); The CAS/Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Coastal Environmental Process, Yantai Institute of Coastal Zone Research, Yantai Institute of Costal Zone Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Yantai (China); Wu, Ji-You [State Key Laboratory of Urban and Regional Ecology, Research Center for Eco-environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Bejing (China); Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing (China); Shao, Hong-Bo [The CAS/Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Coastal Environmental Process, Yantai Institute of Coastal Zone Research, Yantai Institute of Costal Zone Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Yantai (China); Institute for Life Sciences, Qingdao University of Science and Technology (QUST), Qingdao (China)

    2012-12-15

    Located in Liaoning Province, one of the traditional heavy industrial areas in China, Dahuofang Reservoir provides drinking water for nearly 30 000 000 citizens, as well as industrial and agricultural water for dozens of several cities and rural areas. The distribution of hazardous heavy metals is described in several types of soil, crops, and in different industrial or mining areas and main sewage irrigation areas. Five possible reasons that may cause the pollution are analyzed and listed. Also we provide some pragmatic suggestions for the remediation of heavy metals in contaminated soils. (Copyright copyright 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  14. Evaluating the time trends in prevalence of exomphalos in 14 cities of Liaoning province, 2006 to 2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gong, Ting-Ting; Wu, Qi-Jun; Chen, Yan-Ling; Jiang, Cheng-Zhi; Li, Jing; Li, Li-Li; Liu, Cai-Xia; Li, Da; Zhou, Chen; Huang, Yan-Hong

    2016-01-01

    To evaluate time trends of exomphalos prevalence using a large population-based study with cases identified by the Liaoning Birth Defects Registry including 14 cities over the course of a 10-year period. Exomphalos prevalence, percent change, annual percent change (APC), and contribution rates of each city were calculated. Additionally, epidemiological characteristics of this malformation were described. We observed 516 cases of exomphalos among 3,248,954 live births. Birth prevalence of exomphalos was 1.59 per 10,000 live births with non-significant change during the observational period (APC = −1.19%, P = 0.48). However, significantly decreasing trends were noticed in three cities: Fushun (APC = −9.15%, P = 0.03), Benxi (APC = −11.49%, P = 0.05), and Yingkou (APC = −16.47%, P = 0.04), contributing 62.77% of the decreasing trend of overall prevalence. The mean maternal age, gestational age, and birth weight was 28.4 years (standard deviation [SD], 6.1 years), 25.6 weeks (SD, 8.6 weeks), and 1236.2 gram (SD, 1164.4 gram). For time of diagnosis, 79.8% (n = 412) cases were diagnosed during pregnancy. In summary, the prevalence of exomphalos in Liaoning province did not change remarkably during 2006 to 2015. Future studies are warranted to investigate the risk factors and create prevention strategies for this disease. PMID:27604427

  15. Excavation of the Kangjiatun City-site in Beipiao City,Liaoning%辽宁北票市康家屯城址发掘简报

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    辽宁省文物考古研究所

    2001-01-01

    The Kangjiatun city-site is located 0.5km north of the Xiaobotai Gully at Kangjiatunvillage in Beipiao city, western Liaoning, lying on the second terrace on the southern bank of the DalingRiver, and belongs to the Lower Xiajiadian culture. In 1997-2000, it was continuously excavated in atotal area of 8,500 sq m, which resulted in the revelation of city walls, defensive projections along citywalls, a moat, and countyard walls, stone-paved roads, house-foundations, stone-built pits, “stone cases”, etc. in the city. According to stratigraphical evidence, including the superimposition and intrusion ofbuildings, the city-site can be divided into three phases. The excavation brought to light not only pottery,stone, bone and other artifacts, but also rather clear conditions of the layout and structure of the buildings in the city during the middle and late phases. Thus the site provides important data for studying theshape, layout and structure of city-sites in the Lower Xiajiadian culture, as well as human living and so-ial form in those cities.

  16. Using RMP Analysis InHuludao City Creative Park Planning%RMP 模式在滨海旅游区规划设计中的应用-以辽宁省葫芦岛休闲旅游创意产业园为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卓想; 陈可石; 陈一; 周波

    2015-01-01

    滨海旅游区开发是带动城市发展的活力点。目前我国滨海旅游区规划设计大多采用空间规划的模式,以展示滨海风光为主,缺少对具体方法的应用以及对实际开发需求的分析。辽宁省葫芦岛休闲旅游创意产业园项目基于 RMP 模式,整合 R 性旅游资源,确定园区的主题形象,分析 M 性市场需求及客源结构,明确园区的目标定位,并围绕 P 性旅游产品开发,设计园区的主题板块及体验流线,以期为我国滨海旅游区的规划设计做出探索性实践。%Coastal tourism area vitalizes urban development. Presently China’s coastal tourism area adopts spatial planning model and lacks concrete methods and analysis of practical needs. Huludao city creative park uses RMP method: R-resource integration, M-market analysis, P-product design. The image, vision, theme, and route of the park is designed based on RMP analysis,.

  17. Assessment of heavy metal pollution and human health risk in urban soils of steel industrial city (Anshan), Liaoning, Northeast China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qing, Xiao; Yutong, Zong; Shenggao, Lu

    2015-10-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the concentrations and health risk of heavy metals in urban soils from a steel industrial district in China. A total of 115 topsoil samples from Anshan city, Liaoning, Northeast China were collected and analyzed for Cr, Cd, Pb, Zn, Cu, and Ni. The geoaccumulation index (Igeo), pollution index (PI), and potential ecological risk index (PER) were calculated to assess the pollution level in soils. The hazard index (HI) and carcinogenic risk (RI) were used to assess human health risk of heavy metals. The average concentration of Cr, Cd, Pb, Zn, Cu, and Ni were 69.9, 0.86, 45.1, 213, 52.3, and 33.5mg/kg, respectively. The Igeo and PI values of heavy metals were in the descending order of Cd>Zn>Cu>Pb>Ni>Cr. Higher Igeo value for Cd in soil indicated that Cd pollution was moderate. Pollution index indicated that urban soils were moderate to highly polluted by Cd, Zn, Cu, and Pb. The spatial distribution maps of heavy metals revealed that steel industrial district was the contamination hotspots. Principal component analysis (PCA) and matrix cluster analysis classified heavy metals into two groups, indicating common industrial sources for Cu, Zn, Pb, and Cd. Matrix cluster analysis classified the sampling sites into four groups. Sampling sites within steel industrial district showed much higher concentrations of heavy metals compared to the rest of sampling sites, indicating significant contamination introduced by steel industry on soils. The health risk assessment indicated that non-carcinogenic values were below the threshold values. The hazard index (HI) for children and adult has a descending order of Cr>Pb>Cd>Cu>Ni>Zn. Carcinogenic risks due to Cr, Cd, and Ni in urban soils were within acceptable range for adult. Carcinogenic risk value of Cr for children is slightly higher than the threshold value, indicating that children are facing slight threat of Cr. These results provide basic information of heavy metal pollution control

  18. Research of the Farmland Protection Based on Food Security——A Case Study of Anshan City in Liaoning Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The quantity and quality of farmland is the key factor determining grain production capacity, so protecting farmland has become the key to guaranteeing food security. I take Anshan City in Liaoning Province as the study area which has its own particularity in terms of protecting farmland. Based on the prediction of population, coupled with the relevant data concerning farmland area, the per unit area yield of grain, the prediction and analysis of the balance of supply and demand of farmland in Anshan City are conducted. The results show that in the year 2010, the maximum supply amount of farmland that the city can offer is 239 000 hm2, and in the year 2020 the maximum supply amount of farmland that the city can offer will be 238 000 hm2; in the year 2010, the maximum demand amount of farmland is 204 186.02 hm2, and in the year 2020 the maximum supply amount of farmland will be 226 409.61 hm2. So the supply amount of farmland that the city can offer can meet the need of grain production objective. Some problems concerning farmland protection are pointed out in order to provide beneficial exploration of the farmland protection based on the model of food security.

  19. Assessment on physical development of Han children in rural area of Huludao city with Heath-Carter somatotype method%葫芦岛市农村汉族儿童身体发育的Heath-Carter体型法评估

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘素伟; 刘学; 赵宝东; 赵春玉; 郭云财; 付饶; 姜东

    2006-01-01

    BACKGROUND: There are many methods for investigating the physical development and the somatotype of child. Among them, Heath-Carter so matotype method is a comprehensive evaluation method on somatotype. In this method, 10 items of anthropometric indicators are selected from several dozens of items as assessment indicators for development and somatotype.OBJECTIVE: To analyze the rules and characteristics of soma totype development of Hah children in rural area of Huludao city, so as to supplement the essential data for physical anthropology.DESIGN: Normal children were chosen as the subjects, and cross-sectional investigation was carried out.SETTING: Department of Anatomy, Jinzhou Medical College. PARTICIPANTS: With cluster sampling, the Han children between 7 to 10 years old were selected from central primary school of Mingshuixiang Village of Suizhong County of Huludao city from July 2001 to September 2003. All the selected children should be verified healthy by physical examination at school. The children were divided into two groups according to gender, and each group was divided into 4 subgroups according to age,with 46 to 63 members in each group. There were 8 groups altogether.Complete data of 408 children were collected (male 213, female 195).METHODS: Each indicator was measured twice with Heath-Carter soma to type method and selected the average value. Specialists were responsible for the 10 indicators, and a database was established in computer according to age and gender. Calculated the following indicators in turn: endomorphic factor, mesomorphic factor and ectomorphic factor, coordinate values of X and Y on somatotype chart, Height/Weight1/3, mean of dimensional distances from the average somatotype to all somatotypes in the sample,difference between the two somatotypes in three-dimensional space, percentage of body fat and frequency distribution of each somatotype.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Height, body mass, upper arm circum ference, calf circumference

  20. Excavation of a Tang Tomb at Huanghe Road in Chaoyang City,Liaoning%辽宁朝阳市黄河路唐墓的清理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    辽宁省文物考古研究所; 朝阳市博物馆

    2001-01-01

    In May-July, 1993, a tomb of the Tang period to the north of Huanghe Road inChaoyang city was excavated by the Liaoning Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology andthe Chaoyang Municipal Museum. It is a brick-built round single-chambered grave and consists of atomb-passage, gate, corridor, chamber and seepage trough. Despite its repeated robberies in early times,the tomb yielded numerous funeral objects, including 71 terra-cotta and two stone tomb-figures, twobronze mirrors and an ivory courtier' s-tablet. The tomb-figures are exquisitely and vividly made andconstitute the cream of the grave goods unearthed from Tang tombs in the Chaoyang area. Judging fromits size as well as the great number and variety of its funeral objects, the tomb must have belonged to aperson who enjoyed a high position before his death. The co-existence of terra-cotta tomb-figures withCentral Plains characteristics, clay ones in the western style and stone ones with northern features indicates that in the Tang dynasty, before the An and Shi rebellion, the Chaoyang area was an importantregion of multi-national exchange and amalgamation. The grave should be dated to the Wu Zetian reign ora little later.

  1. [Carbon emissions and low-carbon regulation countermeasures of land use change in the city and town concentrated area of central Liaoning Province, China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xi, Feng-ming; Liang, Wen-juan; Niu, Ming-fen; Wang, Jiao-yue

    2016-02-01

    Carbon emissions due to land use change have an important impact on global climate change. Adjustment of regional land use patterns has a great scientific significance to adaptation to a changing climate. Based on carbon emission/absorption parameters suitable for Liaoning Province, this paper estimated the carbon emission of land use change in the city and town concentrated area of central Liaoning Province. The results showed that the carbon emission and absorption were separately 308.51 Tg C and 11.64 Tg C from 1997 to 2010. It meant 3.8% of carbon emission. was offset by carbon absorption. Among the 296.87 Tg C net carbon emission of land use change, carbon emission of remaining land use type was 182.24 Tg C, accounting for 61.4% of the net carbon emission, while the carbon emission of land use transformation was 114.63 Tg C, occupying the rest 38.6% of net carbon emission. Through quantifying the mapping relationship between land use change and carbon emission, it was shown that during 1997-2004 the contributions of remaining construction land (40.9%) and cropland transform ation to construction land (40.6%) to carbon emission were larger, but the greater contributions to carbon absorption came from cropland transformation to forest land (38.6%) and remaining forest land (37.5%). During 2004-2010, the land use types for carbon emission and absorption were the same to the period of 1997-2004, but the contribution of remaining construction land to carbon emission increased to 80.6%, and the contribution of remaining forest land to carbon absorption increased to 71.7%. Based on the carbon emission intensity in different land use types, we put forward the low-carbon regulation countermeasures of land use in two aspects. In carbon emission reduction, we should strict control land transformation to construction land, increase the energy efficiency of construction land, and avoid excessive development of forest land and water. In carbon sink increase, we should

  2. Analysis of Liaoning Retailing Market and Strategy Research Based on BCG Model%基于BCG模型的辽宁零售市场分析及策略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王玉霞

    2015-01-01

    从BCG分析模型入手,利用市场增长率———相对市场占有率矩阵法对辽宁省14个城市的社会消费品零售总额的竞争态进行定量分析,研究结果表明:辽宁幼童类零售市场包括抚顺、丹东、营口、锦州、盘锦、朝阳、辽阳、阜新、本溪、葫芦岛10市,明星类零售市场包括沈阳、大连、鞍山3市,瘦狗类零售市场为铁岭市,金牛类零售市场暂缺。%The paper carries on quantitative analysis by using market growth rate-the relative market share ma-trix method for competitive state of total retail sales of social consumer goods of Liaoning provinceˊs 14 cities based on BCG analysis model. The results show that the retailing market of young child class in-cludes Fushun, Dandong, Yingkou, Jinzhou, Panjin, Chaoyang, Liaoyang, Fuxin, Benxi, Huludao. The retailing market of star class includes Shenyang, Dalian, Anshan. The retailing market of thin dogs class only includes Tieling. The retailing market of taurus class is blank.

  3. All Previous Games in Various Cities in Liaoning Province Gymnastics Competition Performance Comparison and Countermeasures Research%历届辽宁省运动会各市体操竞赛成绩比较与对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜丹宁

    2013-01-01

    本文采用文献资料法、比较研究法、数理统计等方法进行研究,论述了辽宁省各市体操运动发展态势,存在的问题,产生的原因,为采取干预对策提供科学依据,旨在促进体操竞赛成绩提高。%Literature method, comparative research method, mathematical statistics and other methods were used in the article. It is objective to reveal the cities of Liaoning province gymnastics development situation by existing problems and reasons. And the article provides scientific basis for the intervention countermeasures to promote the gymnastics competition improvement.

  4. Research on Ecological Compensation System for Trans-city Drinking Water Sources in Liaoning Province%辽宁省跨界饮用水源生态补偿制度研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王留锁; 商东华; 郝晓雯

    2012-01-01

    辽宁省跨市供水普遍,全省有18个跨市供水水源地,以大伙房水源为例,分析辽宁省跨界水源地的发展困境,总结进行跨界饮用水源生态补偿的必要性,并提出建立跨界饮用水源生态补偿政策的基本思路和实施方案.%The trans-city water supply is very common in Liaoning Province,and there are totally 18 trans-city water supply sources in the whole province. With a case study of Dahuofang reservoir,the difficulties in the development of trans-city drinking water sources were analyzed,and the necessity of carrying forward the ecological compensation for trans-city drinking water sources was summarized,finally the basic ideas and scheme of establishing ecological compensation policies were proposed.

  5. Archaeological Discoveries in Liaoning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    LIAONING Province, in northeastern China, has been inhabited by many ethnic groups since ancient times. It is one of the sites of China’s earliest civilization. Since the 1950s many archaeological discoveries from periods beginning with the Paleolithic of 200,000 years ago, and through all the following historic periods, have been made in the province.

  6. A new basal ankylosaurid (Dinosauria: Ornithischia) from the Lower Cretaceous Jiufotang Formation of Liaoning Province, China

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Han, Fenglu; Zheng, Wenjie; Hu, Dongyu; Xu, Xing; Barrett, Paul M

    2014-01-01

    A new ankylosaurid, Chuanqilong chaoyangensis gen. et sp. nov., is described here based on a nearly complete skeleton from the Lower Cretaceous Jiufotang Formation of Baishizui Village, Lingyuan City, Liaoning Province, China...

  7. Assessment Methods of Red Tide Disaster Risk:a Case in Liaoning Coast%赤潮灾害风险评估方法研究--以辽宁近岸海域为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓霞; 许自舟; 程嘉熠; 邵秘华

    2015-01-01

    A disaster risk index and vulnerability index evaluation model ,a red tide disaster risk evaluation index system ,is established by theory of red tide disaster risk as one of the main marine disasters in Chi‐na ,by entropy method and analytic hierarchy process (AHP) and by red tide disaster data in Liaoning coastal cities in the past 70 years to determine the index weight ,and to make disaster risk classification . The risk assessment results revealed that Dalian was within a high level of risk ;Dandong ,Yingkou and Huludao were found in the medium level of risk ,while Panjin and Jinzhou belong to the low level of risk . The evaluation results are primarily consistent with red tide disasters statistics data in past ten years ,indi‐cating that this method is significance for red tide disaster risk definition and prevention in Liaoning coastal cities .%以赤潮灾害风险理论为依据,结合辽宁沿海城市近70年长期赤潮灾害历史资料数据,建立了辽宁近岸赤潮灾害风险评估指标体系,运用熵权法及层次分析法分析指标权重,构建了危险度指数、承灾体脆弱性指数灾害风险评价模型,最后,利用自然灾害风险分级矩阵方法进行灾害风险分级。风险评估结果显示,辽宁沿海城市大连市属于极高风险等级,丹东市、营口市、葫芦岛市属于中风险等级,盘锦市和锦州市处于较低风险等级。评价结果与近十年赤潮灾害历史统计数据基本吻合,该方法的建立对辽宁近岸海域赤潮灾害风险界定及防治具有重要意义。

  8. Analysis of sea use landscape pattern based on GIS: a case study in Huludao, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suo, Anning; Wang, Chen; Zhang, Minghui

    2016-01-01

    This study aims to analyse sea use landscape patterns on a regional scale based on methods of landscape ecology integrated with sea use spatial characteristics. Several landscape-level analysis indices, such as the dominance index, complex index, intensivity index, diversity index and sea congruency index, were established using Geographic Information System (GIS) and applied in Huludao, China. The results indicated that sea use landscape analysis indices, which were created based on the characteristics of sea use spatial patterns using GIS, are suitable to quantitatively describe the landscape patterns of sea use. They are operable tools for the landscape analysis of sea use. The sea use landscape in Huludao was dominated by fishing use with a landscape dominance index of 0.724. The sea use landscape is a complex mosaic with high diversity and plenty of fishing areas, as shown by the landscape complex index of 27.21 and the landscape diversity index of 1.25. Most sea use patches correspond to the marine functional zonation plan and the sea use congruency index is 0.89 in the fishing zone and 0.92 in the transportation zone.

  9. Fjve Ways to Revive Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Construction of development zones along the Liaoning Province coastline could be the next big attraction for multinational investors Though the infrastructure is still under construction, Li Wancai, Vice Governor of Liaoning Province, is highly confident about the future of

  10. Spatial-Temporal Analysis of the Economic and Environmental Coordination Development Degree in Liaoning Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hui Wang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This study selects 20 indices of economic and environmental conditions over 15 years (1996–2010 for 14 cities in Liaoning province, China. We calculate the economic score and environmental score of each city by processing 4200 data points through SPSS 16.0 and establish synthesis functions between the economy and the environment. For the time dimension, we study the temporal evolution of the economic and environmental coordination development degree . Based on Exploratory Spatial Data Analysis (ESDA techniques and using GeoDa, we calculate Moran's index of local spatial autocorrelation and explore the spatial distribution character of in Liaoning province through a LISA cluster map. As we found in the temporal dimension, the results show that of the 14 cities has been rising for 15 years and that increases year by year, which indicates that the economic and environmental coordination development condition has been improving from disorder to highly coordinated. A smaller gap between economic strength and environmental carrying capacity in Liaoning province exists, which means that economic development and environmental protection remain synchronized. In the spatial dimension, the highly coordinated cities have changed from a scattering to a concentration in the middle-south region of Liaoning province. Poorly coordinated cities are scattered in the northwestern region of Liaoning province.

  11. Intelligence development and its influencing factors among infants in four cities of Liaoning province%辽宁省4市婴儿智力发育状况及影响因素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭薇; 范会弟; 解学魁; 程柏

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解辽宁省大连、铁岭、鞍山和朝阳4市婴儿智力状况及其相关影响因素,为采取干预措施提供科学依据.方法 采用方便抽样方法抽取在辽宁省大连、铁岭、鞍山和朝阳4市妇幼保健院健康体检的695名6~12月龄婴儿进行Fagan婴儿智力测验和问卷调查.结果 695名婴儿智力测试平均(57.8±6.0)分;男婴(57.6±6.0)分,女婴(58.0±5.9)分,不同性别婴儿智力差异无统计学意义;大连、铁岭、鞍山和朝阳婴儿智力分别为(59.7±5.9)、(57.8±5.6)、(58.6±6.0)和(55.3±5.5)分,不同地区婴儿智力差异有统计学意义(F=20.23,P<0.01);695名婴儿发育迟缓率为4.2%,发育迟缓可疑率为16.8%;男婴发育迟缓率和发育迟缓可疑率分别为4.9%和17.4%,女婴分别为3.4%和16.2%,不同性别婴儿发育迟缓率、发育迟缓可疑率问差异均无统计学意义;大连、铁岭、鞍山和朝阳发育迟缓率分别为1.2%、4.5%、2.4%和7.9%,发育迟缓可疑率分别为10.5%、14.6%、3.9%和26.2%,不同地区婴儿发育迟缓率、发育迟缓可疑率间差异均有统计学意义(P<0.01);多因素Logistic回归分析结果表明,人工喂养方式和婴儿母亲有不良生活习惯是婴儿智力发育的危险因素;父亲本科及以上学历是婴儿智力发育的保护因素.结论 不同地区婴儿智力水平不同;喂养方式、婴儿母亲不良生活习惯和父亲学历是婴儿智力发育的主要影响因素.%Objective To understand the intelligence development of infants and its influencing factors in Dalian,Tieling,Anshan, and Chaoyang city of Liaonign province and to provide the scientific basis for intervention. Methods Convenience sampling method was used to select 695 infants of 6 to 12 months old from infant physical examinees at children and women healthcare centers in the four cities of Liaoning province for a survey with Fagan Infant Intelligence Test and a self-designed questionnaire. Results The average

  12. 2009年辽宁省虫媒病毒分离鉴定%Isolation and identification of arboviruses in Liaoning province, 2009

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕志; 丁俊; 付士红; 高晓艳; 梁国栋

    2011-01-01

    目的 调查辽宁省部分地区虫媒病毒的种类.方法 2009年8月,在辽宁省鞍山市、朝阳市、葫芦岛市和锦州北镇市采集蚊虫标本.蚊虫经分组研磨后接种C6/36和BHK-21细胞,连续3代观察细胞病变情况;对细胞病变阳性的分离物,进行抗原性检测及分子生物学鉴定.结果 在辽宁省上述4个城市共采集蚊虫3600只,主要为中华按蚊(47.2%)、淡色库蚊(26.4%)、刺扰伊蚊(18.1%)及三带喙库蚊(6.9%)等.蚊虫标本分72组进行研磨,通过组织细胞培养法,共获得2株阳性分离物,经抗原性检测及核酸序列测定证实为Ⅰ型流行性乙型脑炎病毒.结论 2009年,从辽宁省鞍山地区的淡色库蚊及朝阳地区的刺扰伊蚊标本中分离到Ⅰ型流行性乙型脑炎病毒.%Objective To investigate the distribution of arboviruses in part of Liaomng province. Methods Mosquitoes were collected from Chaoyang, Anshan, Jinzhou and Huludao cities in Liaoning province in 2009. The mosquitoes were divided into pools and the homogenates were inoculated onto C6/36 and BHK-21cells. The new isolates were identified by antigenic test and molecular biological methods. The sequences were analyzed by bioinformatics.Results Totally 3600 mosquitoes were collected from the 4 cities, including Anopheles sinensis (47. 2% ), Culex pipiens pallens (26. 4% ), Aedes vexans ( 18. 1% ) and Culex tritaeniorhynchus (6. 9% ). The isolates produced CPE on BHK-21 cell line. Two isolate (LN0905 and LN0923 ) were identified as Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV).Phylogenetic analysis showed that the 2 JEV stains were clustered into genotype I. Conclusion Genotype I JEV was isolated from the mosquitoes collected in Aanshan and Chaoyang in Liaoning province. The sequence of the new isolates had close phylogenetic relationship with JEV strains isolated in Shanghai in 2001.

  13. The analysis of geologic characteristic and causes of iron deposit of the Four Door Ditch, Feng cheng city, Liaoning%辽宁省凤城市四道门沟铁矿床地质特征及成因分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁士鹏

    2012-01-01

    辽宁省凤城市四道门沟铁矿床位于辽东铁、硼成矿带内。以下元古界辽河群变质岩系最为发育,褶皱构造是直接控制本区变质层控铁硼矿的重要控矿条件,其控制着矿体的产出空间位置,并控制着区内铁矿体的展布特征。该区的铁矿属于火山沉积变质-超变质热液迭生层控矿床,矿石自然类型为磁铁矿-透闪石型,局部有磁铁矿-蛇纹石型和磁铁矿-硼镁铁矿型。%The Four Door Ditch's Iron Ore Deposit of Feng cheng city in Liaoning Province is located in iron and boron ore mine belt in Eastern Liaoning.They mainly develop from series of Liaohe Group Metamorphic Rocks in Lower Proterozoicn. The fold structure is the important Ore--controlling condition,which directly control the its Metamorphic layer and iron and boron ore,the production location,also expansion characteristics of iron rocks.This area of mine belong to volcanic--sedimentary that is fall born layer deposit of the metamorphic hydrothermal fluid. The natural ore type is the through flash tone magnetite,local Serpentine magnetite and boron magnesium and iron mineral type.

  14. REGIONAL TOURISM COOPERATION IN TRIANGLE ZONE OF LIAONING PROVINCE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LONG Jiang-zhi

    2005-01-01

    Strengthening the regional tourism cooperation is the requirement of both tourism development and tourist competition drive. On the one hand, resources, products, market and infrastructure in tourism are characteristics of half-public goods, which are the externalities. On the other hand, tourism competition has evolved from individual scenic spot, or firm competition to regional competition, which also requires urgent regional tourism cooperation. In recent years, the regional economic cooperation has been becoming popular in the world. The triangle tourism zone of Liaoning Province, constituted by Shenyang, Dalian and Dandong, is the core region of Liaoning tourism system. This regional tourism cooperation has been raised for a long time, but has not made substantial progress as yet. In recent years, the strategic cooperation among them has been becoming urgent, along with the change of tourism competition models, as well as the desire for building a Northeast Asia tourist economy circle. Based on literature, this paper establishes a conceptual frame of regional tourism cooperation and applies it in the analysis of the strategic tourism cooperation of Liaoning Province's golden triangle zone. This paper firstly examines both qualifications and motives concerning with cooperation among the three cities, and believes that the biggest difficulties involve traditional ideas, administrative institutions, communications, economic performances, time constraints, and more overlap among their tourist markets. Then this paper continues to construct a cooperating mechanism, including participant arrangements, construction of operating mechanism and construction of assisting mechanism. At last, this paper proposes approaches to the strategic cooperation such as introducing Xiuyan County, strategic integration and developing differentiated and complemented tourism products.

  15. Investigation on Correlative Risk Factors and Epidemic Characterization of Stroke among Urban Adult Groups in Three Cities from Liaoning Province%辽宁省三城市居民脑卒中患病现状及影响因素调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟秀君; 王达; 杨宗华; 林巧; 田沈; 任玉峰; 李伟; 胥丽霞; 侯华; 董光辉; 刘苗苗

    2011-01-01

    Objective The objective of this study is to assess the current epidemic characterization of stroke and risk factors among urban adult groups in Liaoning province, and to provide scientific basis for prevention and intervene measures of stroke in the urhan area. Methods Three cities in Liaoning province ( Shenyang, Anshan and Jinzhou ) were randomly selected according the condition of economic geography. Through cluster random sampling, 17170 residents with more than 5 years stay and aged more than 35 years old were enrolled from 11 districts of the three selected cities. Blood pressure and correlative risk factors of stroke were investigated by trained doctors. Results The prevalence rate of stroke in the middle - aged and aged group in urban area of Liaoning was 2.62%, and the standardized prevalence rate was 2.80%. The prevalence of stroke in males ( 3.63% ) was significantly higher than that in females ( 1.95% ). Prevalence rate increased notably with the increase of age and grade of blood pressure. Logistic regression revealed that age , sex, education, occupation , family history of hypertension, hypertension, hyperlipedimia and unhealthy diet were among the risk factors of stroke. Diet control ( lower calories and less fat )effectively decrease the incidence of stroke among urhan residents [ OR = 0.73, 95% CI ( 0.55, 0.96 ) ]. Overweight and obese subjects with hypertension and hyperlipedimia displayed a stroke incidence rate 18.82 times of the healthy counterpart [ 95% CI ( 12.20, 29.02 ) ]. Conclusion The results indicated that stroke was highly prevalent in Liaoning province, with hypertension ranked first in risk factors. Healthy diet is effective in decreasing stroke incidence rate. Awareness of risk factors and correlated knowledge on stroke should be popularized to prevent stroke in urban population of Liaoning province.%目的 了解辽宁省城市成年居民脑卒中的流行病学特征和相关危险因素,为辽宁省城市社区脑

  16. The prevention and control measures to protect the soil secondary handicap in liaoning province Beizhen city%刍议辽宁北镇市地区保护地土壤的次生障害和防治措施

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯静

    2014-01-01

    Based on the regional soil sampling sites in liaoning BeiZhen city, found that most of the problems the use fixed number of year long, BeiZhen secondary handicap factor such as soil salinity and ph have reached or exceeded the crop growth handicap of the critical value, BeiZhen area crops in seedling stage is not hair root, the phenomenon such as slow growth, appear even suffered serious area.%通过对辽宁北镇市地区保护地进行土壤抽样检测,发现大多数存在着使用年限过长的问题,北镇土壤含盐量与酸碱度等次生障害因子都达到了或者说超过了作物生长障害的临界值,北镇地区作物在苗期出现不发根,生长缓慢等现象,严重地区甚至出现绝收的情况。

  17. His and Her School Canteens

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    A senior high school in Huludao City,Liaoning Province has set up separate dining halls to discourage boy and girl pupils from dating. At the entrance to the girls'dining hall hangs the sign """"No Boys Admitted,"""" which is normally only seen outside girls' dorms at universities.

  18. Two Mysteries of Nature in Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1992-01-01

    JUST to the north of Shenyang,the capital of Liaoning Province,motorists along the Harbin-Dalian highway will encounter apeculiar slope khat is much easier to ascend than to descend.Theslope,approximately 90 meters long and 15 meters wide,slants abouttwo degrees toward the west.

  19. Intervention effect of health education on malaria in rural residents of Dandong City, Liaoning Province%辽宁省丹东市农村居民疟疾健康教育干预效果评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    滕聪; 孙英伟; 田疆

    2014-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the effect of health education on malaria among the rural residents in Liaoning Province.Methods The needs for health education materials were investigated using self-administered questionnaire in Zhenxing,Zhenan,Kuandian and Donggan counties.According to the local conditions,the education materials were then produced.Health education intervention activities were complemented through issuance of propaganda materials,posters,sending text messages etc.The effect of health education intervention was evaluated by the awareness rate of malaria knowledge in the baseline survey and the work effect investigation.Results The awareness rate of malaria prevention had significant differences among the residents with different education levels (x2=11.753,P<0.05).No significant differences due to occupation,gender and age factors.The awareness rates of malaria knowledge were 54.31%(782/1 440)and 87.37%(629/720) respectively before and after the intervention in students while 39.58% (2 850/7 201) and 87.37% (629/720) respectively in residents,with significant difference (x2=231.54,930.27,P<0.05).Both awareness rates were higher after the intervention.Conclusion The awareness rate of malaria knowledge can be significantly improved by the health education materials produced according to the preliminary investigation on health education demand.%目的 评价在辽宁省农村居民中开展疟疾防治相关知识健康宣教的效果. 方法 随机抽样法抽取振兴区、振安区、宽甸县、东港市等4个县(区)农村中小学生和居民,以自填问卷的方法调查健康教育材料需求情况,制作符合当地情况的宣教材料;通过发放宣传材料、张贴宣传画、发送手机短信等方式进行健康教育干预活动;以基线调查和工作效果评估调查中人群疟疾防治知识的知晓率来评估健康教育的干预效果. 结果 丹东地区农村居民人群疟防知识知晓率与被访者受教育程

  20. Secondary Excavation of the Koguryo Mountain Castle at ,Shitaizi,Shenyang City,Liaoning%辽宁沈阳市石台子高句丽山城第二次发掘简报

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈阳市文物考古工作队

    2001-01-01

    The secondary excavation of the Shitaizi mountain castle was carried out on the basis of the first digging. It covered an area of 450 sq m. The recorded remains include the excavated sites of the northwestern, eastern, southern and southwestern city-gates, the reservoir and officers-mustering terrace vestiges known through trial diggings, and the drains discovered at the northwestern and eastern city-gates. Among the unearthed objects are pottery (the urn, jar, dish, basin, fu cauldron, bowl, dou stemmed vessel, vessel cover, spindle whorl and disc), bronzes (the buckle, arrowhead and plaque), irons(the arrowhead, armor plate, nail, paring knife, awl, hook, ring, axe, door-nail, door-axle and its base,and cap-like cover), stone tools (the perforated stone, grindstone, spindle whorl and adze) and bone and antler artifacts. The present excavation indicates that this mountain castle was twice damaged by fire.The city-gate structural members found on the gate-sites, such as iron-cast door-leaves, door-axles and their bases, rivets and loops, are all discovered for the first time at Koguryo mountain castle and provide very valuable material for studying the shape and structure of mountain-castle gates in that period.

  1. The Agricultural Export Competitiveness and Independent Innovation in Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guimin; WANG; Haixian; XIA

    2013-01-01

    Through the vertical and horizontal analysis of agricultural export data in Liaoning Province during the period 2006-2010,we can find that Liaoning Province has already a major exporter of agricultural products,but there is no significant increase in many indicators with great fluctuation or declining trend. Meanwhile,compared with other provinces,the competitive advantages of agricultural export in Liaoning Province are not obvious,lacking competitive potential. Analysis shows that it is a strenuous task for Liaoning Province to transform from a major exporter of agricultural products to strong export province; during the course,relying on independent innovation is the fundamental guarantee. Liaoning Province should rely on independent innovation,to create new agricultural varieties,lead the international standards of agricultural products,form the brand agriculture,and improve the agricultural industry chain.

  2. Liaoning Coastal Economy:Cross-regional Belt Economy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lin Lin

    2009-01-01

    @@ On 1st July,Liaoning Coastal Economic Zone Development Planning(the Planning)was basically passed in the executive meeting of State Council,meaning"five points in one line"strategy will have its place,and the plan for Liaoning Coastal Economic Zone will come true,leaving great potential for the port,trade,information and other industries in Liaoning Province,which used to be the leading industrial base in China."The Planning not only add new engine to the aged Northeast Industrial Base.

  3. Survey on nutrition knowledge among pregnant women in Shenyang City, Liaoning Province%辽宁省沈阳市孕妇营养知识知晓情况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李静; 董爽; 黄彦红; 杨柳; 刘冰; 姚晓光; 李荔荔; 李妍; 李杰; 邵杰

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解沈阳市孕妇营养知识知晓及对孕期营养知识的需求情况.方法 用自行设计的自填式问卷,对沈阳市10个区、县(市)登记在册的3203名孕妇进行问卷调查.结果 孕期营养知识10道题16个知识点平均知晓率为56.4%,不同城区间孕妇知晓率不同,其中城市为60.9%、郊区为55.1%、农村为48.0%,三者间差异有统计学意义(x2=43.06,P<0.01),不同学历间孕妇知晓率不同,其中初中为45.8%、高中为52.9%、大专为62.3%、本科为67.7%、研究生为72.6%,其间差异有统计学意义(x2=102.53,P<0.01),且学历越高,知晓率越高.“含优质蛋白质的食物”及“每天吃水果的时间”知识点掌握最差.影响孕期营养知识掌握的因素,经回归分析得其保护因素是年龄(β=0.04,OR=1.04,P<0.01)和文化程度(β=0.56,OR=1.75,P<0.01);危险因素是城区(β=-0.17,OR =0.84,P<0.01).孕妇需求最高的是孕期营养知识,高达77.4%,知识知晓与妊娠结局有关.结论 沈阳地区孕妇营养知识水平有待提高.文化程度是影响孕妇掌握营养知识的最主要因素.在开展孕期营养健康教育时要有针对性.%Objective To understand nutrition knowledge status among pregnant women in Shenyang, analyze related influencing factors and explore demand on nutrition knowledge of pregnant women. Methods 3203 pregnant women were enrolled by simple random sampling which was randomly selected from 10 districts (or counties, cities) in Shenyang, and investigated by a self-designed questionnaire. Results The mean awareness rate of nutrition knowledge in the pregnant women that included 10 questions with 16 knowledge points was 56. 4% , there were significantly statistical differences among different regions (χ2=43. 06, P < 0. 01) , awareness rate of pregnant women in urban was 60. 9% , 55. 1 % in suburbs, 48. 0% in village, respectively. There were significantly statistical differences among

  4. High Benefit Cultivation Technology of Potato in Multiple Cropping System in Liaoning Province%辽宁省马铃薯高效复种栽培技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    安颖蔚; 史书强; 袁立新; 张鹏

    2012-01-01

    经过多年试验示范,针对辽宁省气候特点,总结出马铃薯高效复种栽培模式,筛选出各主产区的适宜品种和相应种植密度,为辽宁省马铃薯科学种植提供依据。马铃薯的三膜覆盖极早熟栽培技术比较适合葫芦岛地区和大连地区应用.下茬复种小西瓜等经济效益较高的作物。马铃薯双膜覆盖栽培技术可克服前期低温的不利影响,缓解晚霜冻害,比常规地膜覆盖提前收获15d以上,其鲜薯价格高,效益可观,为下茬复种粮食和油料作物高产创造条件,比较适合在辽西和辽南的大部分地区应用。马铃薯单膜覆盖栽培技术适用于辽宁大部分地区,下茬可复种蔬菜、粘(甜)玉米等作物。%Based on experimentation and demonstration, and local climate features, high yield and high benefit cultivation models in a two cropping system are put forward, in which the suitable cultivars and plant density are identified, which may lay out scientific foundation for growing potatoes. Three-layer film coverage and early maturing cultivation technique is suitable for Huludao and Dalian, and the succeeding crop such as water melon gave high economic retum. Double-film coverage could overcome the adverse effect of low temperature in early growing season, prevent potato from damage of late frost, and advance 15 days for harvest of potatoes as compared with conventional plastic coverage, therefore potatoes harvested could be marketed at high price and enough time is left for succeeding food or oil crops. This model is suitable for westem and southern Liaoning. Single plastic film coverage is suitable for most parts of Liaoning, and vegetable and waxy (sweet) corn could be the succeeding crop of potato.

  5. Status and Development of Foundry Industry in Liaoning Province of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GE Hou-yan; ZHANG Yun-hua; WANG Bo

    2006-01-01

    @@ 1 General situation The Liaoning province is famous for the machine building industry and the iron-steel industry in China. The foundry industry also has fully been developed in Liaoning. There are about 3 000 foundries and (1.1-1.2) × 105 employees in Liaoning's foundry industry and the total yield of castings is 2.4 million tons.

  6. Analysis on the current situation and influential factors of smoking behaviors among urban students in 7 cities of Liaoning Province%辽宁省七城市青少年吸烟行为现状及影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任时; 栾德春; 王宏伟; 李绥晶

    2016-01-01

    目的:了解辽宁省城市青少年学生的吸烟现况及影响因素,为制定青少年学生控烟措施提供科学依据。方法整群随机抽取全省7城市初中、高中和大学生,集体进行问卷调查。结果尝试吸烟、现在吸烟、频繁吸烟和经常吸烟的报告率分别为30.6%、13.4%、37.6%和3.2%。不同性别、学段、学校类型、母亲文化程度、学习成绩和家庭类型的学生尝试吸烟、现在吸烟和经常吸烟率的差异有统计学意义(P <0.05),不同性别、学段、学校类型和学习成绩的学生频繁吸烟率差异有统计学意义(P <0.05)。多因素 Logistic 回归分析结果显示,以女生为参照组,男生尝试、现在和频繁吸烟率的 OR 值分别为2.614、6.415和4.148,以大学本科生为参照组,大专生尝试、现在和频繁吸烟率的 OR 值分别为1.146、1.282和1.420,以母亲文化程度为本科及以上为参照组,母亲文化程度为小学及以下学生的尝试吸烟率的 OR 值为1.428,以学习成绩优良为参照组,学习成绩差的学生尝试、现在和频繁吸烟的 OR 值分别为1.629、1.692和1.442,以其他家庭类型为参照组,重组家庭学生尝试吸烟的 OR 值为1.748,以母亲文化程度为小学及以下为参照组,母亲文化程度为本科及以上的经常吸烟率的 OR 值为2.479。结论青少年吸烟率较高,应针对吸烟相关影响因素尽早对青少年学生进行控烟健康教育,预防物质成瘾行为的发生。%Objective To understand the current situation and influential factors of smoking behaviors among the students in Liaoning Province,and provide scientific basis for smoking-control of young students.Methods Students of middle school,high school and college in 7 cities were chosen by cluster random sampling and investigated by question-naires.Results The rates of trying to smoking,current smoking,smoking more than 20 days in one month

  7. [Emergy analysis of ecological-economic system in Liaoning Province].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Hao; Wang, Qing; Li, Xiu-Juan; Song, Yang; Li, Guang-Jun

    2008-03-01

    By the methods of emergy analysis, this paper studied the emergy flow in the ecological-economic system in Liaoning Province in 1990-2005, and the relationships between the environmental stress caused by resources' input, output and consumption and the sustainable development of the Province. The results showed that in Liaoning Province, the non-renewable resources occupied over 74% of the total consumed emergy, and the realistic population in 2005 was 3.26 times higher than the supportable population. In 1990-2005, the emergy yield ratio decreased from 65.40 to 10.13, emergy loading ratio increased from 2.72 to 7.18, and emergy sustainable index decreased from 24.03 to 1.41. The rapid economic growth in Liaoning Province was chiefly supported by the consumption of vast non-renewable resources, which caused the pressure of economic development on ecosystem getting more and more intense, the economic development increasingly depending on exogenous resources, and the sustainable development of Liaoning ecological-economic system having a continuing decrease. To realize the sustainable development in Liaoning Province, the principles of reduction, reutilization and recycling should be taken as the guidelines for promoting the reuse of wastes and the closed fine circulation of resources to minimize the discharge of wastes.

  8. After the Depletion of Resources——Inspiration from transit of Fuxin from "city of coal power" to "city of wind power"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wen Ming; Yan Qingxu

    2007-01-01

    @@ Fuxin, Liaoning Province, the former "city of coal power" is depleted of resources because of over-exploitation. It did not, however, become devastated as some energy-depleted cities, but is making efforts in transition to a "city of wind power," a new type of energy base.

  9. Carrying Capacity of Marine Region in Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Carrying capacity is one of important studies on coordinating development of population, resources, and environment. At present, the researches on it mainly concentrate on the carrying capacity for population and economy,such as the water resources carrying capacity, the land resources carrying capacity, the environment carrying capacity,etc. Based on the related theories and methods, this paper creatively proposed the concept and meaning of carrying capacity of marine region, and formed the appraisal system. According to the developing situation of marine economy of Liaoning Province in recent years, and by employing the method of the state space, this paper also measured the cartying capacity and carrying state of marine region and discussed the sustainable problems of marine economy of Liaoning. The research results show that the carrying state of marine region of Liaoning is in the state of overloading at present, but taking a favorable turn.

  10. 辽宁省生活垃圾现状调查及处理对策研究%Status Investigation and Its Countermeasures of Domestic Waste in Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王可新

    2012-01-01

    The output and component of domestic waste produced from the typical areas of city,county,town and village of Liaoning were investigated.The status and existing problems in domestic waste treatment and utilization in the urban and rural areas of Liaoning were analyzed and evaluated.%对辽宁省典型地区各市、县、乡镇及村的生活垃圾产生量及组分进行了调查,分析和评价了目前辽宁省城乡生活垃圾处理与利用现状和存在的问题.

  11. New Fossil Xyelidae(Insecta,Hymenoptera) from the Yixian Formation of Western Liaoning,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GAO Taiping; ZHAO Yunyun; REN Dong

    2011-01-01

    In this paper one new genus and two new species,Brachyoxyela brevinodia sp.nov.and Brachyoxyela gracilenta sp.nov.,in the subfamily Macroxyehnae of the family Xyelidae,are described and illustrated.The specimens were collected from the Yixian Formation,the Upper Jurassic to Lower Cretaceous,of Beipiao City,Liaoning Province,northeastern China.The new genus is established based on the characters that vein Sc meets R only beyond origin of Rs,third antennal segment is almost equal in length to the rest flagellomeres combined,terminal flagellomeres increasingly shortened toward apex,and vein 2r-rs inclined toward the apex of wing.

  12. Magnesium Contamination in Soil at a Magnesite Mining Region of Liaoning Province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Lei; Tai, Peidong; Jia, Chunyun; Li, Xiaojun; Li, Peijun; Xiong, Xianzhe

    2015-07-01

    Magnesite is the world's most important source material for magnesia refractory production, and Haicheng City in Liaoning Province, China has been called "the magnesium capital of the world." However, magnesite mining in these areas has caused serious environmental problems. Field investigations have shown that the soil profile of many sites in the mining region are contaminated by magnesium, and the magnesium-enriched crusts that have formed on the soil surface have affected ecologically important soil functions, particularly reduced water penetration rate. Laboratory experiment revealed that anionic polyacrylamide and calcium dihydrogen phosphate can be used to improve soil condition, and have positive effects on soil function. The findings of this study are of significance in the magnetite mining areas, providing clear options for the remediation of soils that should be carried out immediately.

  13. 辽宁省沈阳地区儿童及青少年高血压现状及影响因素分析%Prevalence and Influence of Hypertension Among Children and Adolescents in Shenyang City of Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱珞宁; 孙英贤

    2014-01-01

    目的:研究主要评估辽宁省沈阳地区儿童及青少年高血压流行情况,探索不同因素对血压的影响.方法:采用分层整群随机抽样法对辽宁省沈阳市周边地区12所中小学6~18岁在校生身高、体重、血压等指标测量,并填写统一制定的调查表,采用SPSS17.0软件进行统计分析.结果:①调查5450名儿童及青少年,其中男生2840人,女生2610人,检出高血压1098人,患病率为20.2%;高血压的检出率随年龄增加而增加;②高血压患病率与儿童肥胖呈正相关,体质指数越大,高血压患病率越高(χ2=247.4,P<0.05);③ logistic回归分析显示多吃早餐(OR=0.798,95%CI 0.675~0.942)是儿童及青少年高血压患病的保护性因素;而油炸食品(OR=1.214,95%CI 1.035~1.425)、KFC快餐(OR=1.289,95%CI 1.022~1.624)是高血压患病的危险因素(P<0.05).结论:沈阳市儿童及青少年的高血压检出率为20.2%,油炸食品和KFC是高血压的重要危险因素,定期监测,调整饮食、控制肥胖对预防儿童及青少年高血压有重要意义.%Objective:To evaluate the prevalence of hypertension and its relevant factors among children and adolescents in Shenyang city of Liaoning.Methods:A cross-sectional study of 5450 children and adoles-cents aged 6~18 years was conducted.Height,weight,blood pressure were measured and some related fac-tors were investigated with the uniform questionnaire.SPSS 17.0 of statistical software was used for data a-nalysis.Results:Survey was performed in 5450 children (2840 boys and 2610 girls)aged 6~18 years old. The prevalence of hypertension was 20.2%.Both systolic blood pressure (SBP)and diastolic blood pressure (DBP)were increased with age.The prevalence of hypertension among the children was closely related to fat-ness(χ2=247.4,P<0.05).Multivariate analysis indicated that having breakfast(OR=0.798,95%CI 0.675~0.942)had a positive effects on blood

  14. [Genetic subtyping of HIV-1 in Liaoning province of China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, X; Jiang, Y; Shang, H

    2001-12-01

    To study the prevalence of HIV-1 in Liaoning province of China. Nuclear acids were extracted from blood samples of 16 HIV-1 infected individuals collected locally in Liaoning province of China from Jun. 1997 to Dec. 2000. The 0.7 kb or 1.2 kb segments of HIV-1 env gene were amplified using nested-PCR and the HIV-1 genetic subtypes were then assayed by heteroduplex mobility assay. Fifteen of 16 samples were positive by PCR amplification of HIV-1 env region and samples were found to be genetic subtype A,B',C,E. The proportion due to sexual transmission in all HIV infection was 31.25% (5/15), among which subtype B' (3/5) was the majority. A man who returned from Africa together with his spouse both had type A (2/5) infection. Intravenous drug users (IDUs) took up 31.25% (5/15) of all the HIV infections. Subtype C (2/4) and E were predominant among intravenous drug users. However, there was one IDU with subtype B or E. Nearly all blood recipients and blood donors were B' (4/5) except one with C. There have been several subtypes of HIV-1 existed in Liaoning province, demonstrating the complexity of HIV epidemology in Liaoning province and the difficulty conducting prevention and treatment.

  15. Health promotion and education policy and practice in urban schools in Liaoning province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Malcolm; Weng, Wenyan

    2008-12-01

    This paper reviews the status of health education in urban schools in three cities in Liaoning province, China. The cities represent the upper, middle and lower levels of city economy based on the GDP per person within the province. A self-administered questionnaire was provided to 500 primary and secondary schools and 436 questionnaires (87.2%) were returned completed. The questionnaire assessed health education offerings in the schools, permitting the comparison of similarities and differences in school practices, and the identification of obstacles that prevent schools becoming health promoting. The analysis revealed that 0.7% of schools fulfilled criteria for good status of health education. The negative attitudes of school management, teachers and pupils towards health education, as well as the lack of in-service training for staff, were perceived as key obstacles to school health education. Few provincial and school-based policies mentioned pupil involvement in health policy development and only a small number of schools acknowledged the need to improve community and parental involvement. In this paper we discuss the challenges facing provincial education and health authorities, and make recommendations about how to assist Chinese schools to develop and implement high quality health education initiatives.

  16. Five Points in One Line——Liaoning Costal Economic Zone

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Audrey

    2011-01-01

    @@ To promote the economy in Liaoning and to revitalize the industry base in Northeastern China, we need to improve the competing ability of coastal industrial clusters in Liaoning Province.Through the industrial cluster around the projected Northeast Asia Shipping Center in Liaoning, the province will boost the development and construction of coastal area step by step: join these ports thereinto a line and form a cluster and then realize the overall prosperity.

  17. Five Points in One Line——Liaoning Costal Economic Zone

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Audrey

    2010-01-01

    @@ To promote the economy in Liaoning and to revitalize the industry base in Northeastern China, we need to improve the competing ability of coastal industrial clusters in Liaoning Province. Through the industrial cluster around the projected Northeast Asia Shipping Center in Liaoning, the province will boost the development and construction of coastal area step by step: join these ports there into a line and form a cluster and then realize the overall prosperity.

  18. Analysis on the Climatic Characteristics of Temperature in "24 Solar Terms" in Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] The aim was to analyze the climatic characteristics of temperature in "24 solar terms" in Liaoning Province.[Method] Based on the daily temperature data from 56 stations in Liaoning Province from 1951 to 2009,the climatic characteristics of temperature in "24 solar terms" in Liaoning Province in recent 59 years were analyzed.[Result] The time series of average temperature in "24 solar terms" in Liaoning Province showed quasi normal distribution from 1951 to 2009,namely single peak type.Great Hea...

  19. 辽西五市三甲医院550名护士终身学习意向调查及影响因素分析%Investigation and analysis on 550 nurses′orientation toward lifelong learning in 3A grade hospitals of 5 cities in western Liaoning province and its influential factors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵思宇; 张会君

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the nurses orientation toward lifelong learning in 3A grade hospitals in the western Liaon-ing province and to analyze its related factors. Methods The stratified random quota sampling was adopted to investigate 519 nurses by the Jefferson Scale of Physician Lifelong Learning (version of physician or nurses) and the self-designed questionnaires on clinical restricting factors. Results Totally 519 valid questionnaires were collected. The average score of nurses orientation toward lifelong learning was 51. 73±12. 62,and the score ratio was 56. 8%. The stepwise multiple regression analysis showed that the influential factors were in turn the consciousness of lifelong learning, operational capacity of statistical software, scientific basic knowledge, self-learning ability and utilization of study resources according to the intensities of influential action. The negative related coefficient was r=0. 569,r2 =0. 324. Conclusion The score of the clinical nurses orientation toward lifelong learning scale is only at medium level. The capabilities of lifelong learning should be increased by trying hard from many aspects.%目的 了解辽宁西部三甲医院临床护士终身学习意向现状,分析影响护士终身学习意向的相关因素.方法 采用分层随机按比例抽样方法,用一般资料问卷、临床终身学习制约因素问卷、杰弗逊终身学习意向量表(医护版)对550名护士进行调查.结果 共回收问卷519份.护士终身学习意向得分为(31.81±8.99)分,得分率为56.80%;影响因素按照影响作用的强度依次为终身学习意识、统计软件操作能力、科研基础知识、自主学习能力、学习资源利用情况.负相关系数r=0.569,r2=0.324.结论 临床护士终身学习意向量表得分处于中等水平,应从多方面努力提高护士终身学习能力.

  20. Investigation of nursing requirements of the old residents in western Liaoning Province%辽西地区老年居民护理需求状况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李淑云; 李志强; 吴东妮; 宋久存

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To know about the status of nursing needs of different gender elderly residents in five ur-ban districts of western region Liaoning province,to provide the basis for further improving the community nursing health education and services.Methods:To select elderly residents from five urban district of Chaoyang, Panjin,Jinzhou,Fuxin and Huludao in western Liaoning district,the number of questionnaire survey sample were totally 5 159.The number of group interview sample were 86.To know about the status of nursing demand of the elderly in community by using the method of questionnaire and focus group interviews.Results:Daily liv-ing activities ability and the demand of community nursing services of different gender elderly residents was sta-tistical different(P <0.05).And some demands were in curbed state.Conclusion:One should develop targeted and practicaly community nursing health education for different gender elderly residents,so as to improve their professional nursing cognition on life quality and health level,and to promote effective development of commu-nity nursing work.%[目的]了解辽西5市市区不同性别居家老年人护理需求现状,为进一步有针对性地提高社区护理健康教育及服务等工作提供依据。[方法]选取辽西地区朝阳、盘锦、锦州、阜新及葫芦岛5市市区居家老年人,问卷调查样本数5159人,小组访谈样本数86人,采用问卷调查法与小组访谈法了解社区老年人的护理需求状况。[结果]不同性别居家老年人日常生活活动能力及对社区护理服务项目需求存在统计学差异(P <0.05),且有的需求呈现扼制状态。[结论]应对不同性别居家老年人开展有针对性及实用性的社区护理健康教育,使其重视专业护理对提高生活质量及健康水平的认知,促进社区护理工作的有效开展。

  1. Detailed Ecological Footprint Accounting of Liaoning in 2006

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Li; Liang Chenghua; Wang Qi; Wang Zhijiang; Du Liyu

    2008-01-01

    Ecological footprint (EF) has received considerable attention as a useful indicator in the context of sustainable development. So far, EF has been used in numerous studies by academies, organizations and government authorities. However, the results of these studies failed to be comparable directly with each other due to imprecise data sets, unmodified accounting methods of pasture and fossil energy, ignored secondary products, undefined process of calculating yield factors and improper biocapacity for biodiversity. In this paper, we elaborated on EF estimating methods from six categories of consumption in order to overcome the limitations above. We adopted precise data and revised methods, calculated EF of some secondary products, introduced weighted factor to calculate yield factors and adjusted biocapacity by an appropriate amount. Meanwhile, we investigated the resource consumption of Liaoning Province in 2006 to assess EF. Its results showed that Liaoning Province overused its natural capital and was in an unsustainable state. We concluded that two specific problems that had arisen in EF assessment and gave some suggestions for Liaoning Province to improve its unsustainable state.

  2. 辽西地区城市老龄化家庭独生子女心理压力情况及影响因素分析%PsyChologiCal Pressure of the Only Child in Urban Aging Families and Its InfluenCing FaCtors in Western Liaoning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李淑云; 张伟新; 宋久存

    2015-01-01

    目的:了解辽西地区城市老龄化家庭独生子女的心理压力情况及其影响因素。方法2013年3—7月,采用整群随机抽样法选取辽宁省5市(分别为锦州市、葫芦岛市、阜新市、朝阳市和盘锦市),每个市随机选取一个区,共2000例老龄化独生子女家庭中的子女为研究对象。应用自行设计的一般人口学调查问卷和中文版知觉心理压力量表(CPSS),对研究对象进行测定与分析。结果 CPSS 得分显示,63.3%(1266/2000)的独生子女有健康危险压力(HRS);单因素分析显示:不同家庭月收入、有无子女、需要照顾老人数目不同、父母健康状况不同、父母有无退休金的独生子女间有无 HRS 比较,差异均有统计学意义( p <0.05);多因素分析显示:家庭月收入高〔 OR =0.849,95% CI(1.201,1.618)〕和父母健康状况好为 HRS 的保护因素〔OR =0.733,95% CI(1.214,2.472)〕,有子女为 HRS 的危险因素〔OR =1.781,95% CI(0.599,0.861)〕,差异均有统计学意义(p <0.05)。结论城市老龄化家庭独生子女有 HRS 的比例较高,该人群的心理压力问题较重,并且与家庭月收入、父母的健康状况及有无子女有关,需要针对相关因素采取有针对性的措施,城市老龄化家庭独生子女心理压力问题值得去关注和改善。%[AbstraCt] ObjeCtive To explore the mental stress of the only child in urban families with aging population and its affecting factors in western Liaoning. Methods By cluster random sampling method,2 000 samples were selected from five communities in five cities in Liaoning province(Jinzhou,Huludao,Fuxin,Chaoyang and Panjin)respectively and randomly and were surveyed by self _ designed demographic features questionnaires and Chinese Perceived Stress Scale( CPSS)for measuring stress and analyzing the risk factors. Results CPSS analysis showed that 63. 3%(1 266 / 2 000) of the

  3. Econometric Analysis on Regional Economic Disparity and Sigma Convergence -- A Case of Liaoning Province%区域经济差异的σ收敛空间计量分析——以辽宁省为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许燕

    2011-01-01

    An initial study is made on alternation of regional economic disparity by calculating variation coefficient, Gini coefficient and Theil index based on the real per capita GDP across 14 cities from 1995 to 2006 in Liaoning, and constructs spatial econometric model to study convergences in Liaoning Province. According to the analysis, it is found out that regional economic growth in Liaoning Province takes on staggered convergences within the whole time regional. On this basis, spatial econometric model is built to study the the σ convergence of regional economic disparities of Liaoning Province.%根据1995--2008年辽宁省各市实际人均GDP数据,通过计算变异系数、基尼系数和塞尔指标对辽宁省区域经济差距的变动状况进行初步研究。研究发现,在整个时间区域上,辽宁省区域经济差距呈阶段性。在此基础上,构建经济空间计量模型对辽宁省区域经济差异进行σ收敛研究。

  4. The Coordinated Development of Economic and Marine Environment in Liaoning Coastal Economic Belt%辽宁沿海经济带经济与海洋环境协调发展研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    盖美; 赵丽玲

    2012-01-01

    Liaoning Province is the only coastal north-east province of China, while the marine environment is an important influencing factor and bearing of economic growth, so the study of economic coordination with economic development and the marine environment is the key to achieve Liaoning sustainable economic development. and the marine environment of economic analysis, In this paper, Liaoning coastal economic belt based on economic, select both the marine environment evaluation, built in Liaoning coastal economic belt and the marine environment, sustainable development, economic evaluation index system, evaluation of class division, and using AHP method to determine the index weight, while the use of variable fuzzy recognition model analysis of Liaoning coastal economic belt and the marine environment of economic coordination degree.The results show that: the regions of Liaoning coastal economic belt' s economic growth and development and the marine environment are still in a condition that a little better than the dynamic equilibrium but far less than in the apparent coordination stage. From the time series analysis, Liaoning coastal economic zone strategy is not beneficial but drawbacks of various apparent to the regions. For example, to contrast 2008 and 2005, although the coordination degree of Panjin, Dandong, Jinzhou are rising, Huludao ,Yingkou and Dalian are in a downward trend. And by industry decomposition and GK.E model analysis the gap of the regions of Liaoning coastal economic belt and the marine environment pollution disparity, industrial production shows that primary , secondary and tertiary industry were played on slow down economic disparities, increase and maintain the effect; and GK.E model analysis, under the effect of economic structure and concentration, the marine environment in Panjin, Dandong area was significantly better in Dalian and Yingkou.%辽宁省是东北唯一的沿海省份,而海洋环境是经济增长的重要影响因素

  5. 辽宁省乡村休闲型旅游地空间结构研究%Study on Spatial Structure of Rural Leisure Tourist Destination in Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵亮; 李洪娜

    2012-01-01

    选取辽宁省149处乡村休闲型旅游地为样本,利用地理数学方法从空间分布聚集度、空间分布均衡性、空间连接度和空间通达度等方面,分析乡村休闲型旅游地的旅游空间结构.结果表明,旅游地的空间分布呈集聚分布形态,且分布的均匀度很低,表现出较强的近邻正效应;交通网络连通性很高,基本形成了较为稠密的旅游交通网络;通达性最好的节点主要集中于辽宁中部城市群和辽南地区,而通达性较差的节点则主要集中于辽宁西部城市群和辽宁东部地区.%Selecting 149 rural leisure tourist destination as sample in liaoning Province, the tourism spatial structure was analyzed from aspects of spatial distribution aggregation, balance, connectivity and accessibility by using geography mathematic method. The results showed that the spatial distribution of tourist destination represents centralized form, the uniformity is very low, showing a strong positive effect of neighbors; transportation network connectivity is very high, basically forming a relatively dense network of tourist traffic; the best nodes of accessibility mainly concentrate in the central city group of Liaoning and south of Liaoning, and poor accessibility of the node mainly concentrate in urban agglomerations in western Liaoning and east of Liaoning.

  6. 辽宁文化创意产业创新发展研究%Liaoning Culture Creative Industry Innovation and Development Research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李正军; 梁云峰; 张茗杨; 祁佳媚

    2016-01-01

    Through the research on the innovation and development of cultural and creative industries in Liaoning province,explore new path for the development of cultural and creative industries in Liaoning.Clear the classification criteria about cultural and creative industries,Field survey of the developed areas in China,such as Shanghai,Beijing and other places,investigation of 14 under the jurisdiction of the city of Liaoning Province,To analyze the status quo of creative industries in Liaoning,such as the structure of creative culture resources,the structure of industrial resources and the structure of talent resources,careful interpretation of the national policy of innovation driven development,Sum up the advanced experience and hinder the development of creative industries in Liaoning outstanding contradictions,looking for new strategies,building a new environment,fostering new industries.The innovation and development of Liaoning cultural and creative industries must improve the protection system for the innovation and development of creative industries and Combined with the status quo of the industry in Liaoning,promote the integration of science and technology and cultural innovation,to achieve the development of science and technology leading creative industries.Comprehensive planning focused on highlighting the province linkage, increase the construction of industrial zones,the development of comprehensive business innovation city.Realization of industrial independent innovation and brand innovation.%通过对辽宁文化创意产业创新发展研究,为辽宁文化创意产业发展探索新路径。明确文化创意产业的分类标准,对国内发达地区例如北京、上海等地进行实地调查研究,对辽宁省下辖14个城市进行实地考察,分析创意文化资源结构、产业资源结构、人才资源结构等辽宁创意产业现状,认真解读创新驱动发展的国家政策,总结先进经验与阻碍辽宁创意产业

  7. Repeating earthquakes recorded by Liaoning Regional Seismograph Network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Yu-tong; WU Zhong-liang; JIANG Chang-sheng; LI Guang-ping

    2008-01-01

    In the list of 'repeating pairs' or 'doublets' of earthquakes in China identified by Schaff and Richards using tele-seismic waveform cross-correlation, there were 23 repeating pairs located in Liaoning Province. In this study the waveforms of these events were cross-correlated using records from Liaoning Regional Seismograph Network (LRSN), and the 'repeating events' in the sense of regional waveform cross-correlation were obtained. The result was compared with that of Schaff and Richards and was used for the assessment of the seismic phase picking and event location practice of LRSN. The result shows that 'repeating events' in the sense of teleseismic waveform cross-correlation and those in the sense of regional waveform cross-correlation have significant difference, al-though with some overlap. However, the overall assessment of the location accuracy and the phase pick errors of LRSN by using these two sets of 'repeating events', respectively, provides similar results, while 'repeating events' in the sense of regional waveform cross-correlation seem to be better performing in such an assessment. With the assumption that the separation between the 'repeaters' be less than 1 km, the uncertainty in routine earthquake location of LRSN is estimated to be below 5 km, with the average of 2 km. In the observational bulletins of LRSN the time error in phase picking is estimated to be within±Is for 94% Pg readings and for 88% Sg readings.

  8. Sinobaatar gen. Nov.: First multituberculate from the Jehol Biota of Liaoning, Northeast China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    A multituberculate skeleton from the Lower Cretaceous Yixian Formation at Dawangzhangzi, Lingyuan City, Liaoning Province, Northeast China, provides new morphological information for early multituberculates. The specimen is the holotype of Sinobaatar lingyuanensis gen. et sp. nov. It has a narrow skull that lacks the superorbital crest or postorbital process. The dental formula is 3·?·5·2/1·0·3·2. The dental morphology, especially that of cheek teeth, of S. lingyuanensis is similar to that of Eobaatar, which places it in the family Eobaataridae. The postcranial skeleton of Sinobaatar is similar to that of other multituberculates. As in Holotheria, Metatarsal V of Sinobaatar articulates only with the cuboid and has no contact with the calcaneus, which probably represents the primitive condition of multituberculates. Nine carpals of Sinobaatar resemble those of Zhangheotherium, except the centrale being larger than the trapezoid. The dental features of Sinobaatar show again that eobaatarids are obviously intermediate between Late Jurassic multituberculates and the later forms. Because eobaatarids are only known from the Early Cretaceous, the finding of Sinobaatar, therefore, supports that the age of the Jehol Biota is most likely Early Cretaceous.

  9. Reconstruction of March-June precipitation from tree rings in central Liaoning, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yanchao; Liu, Yu

    2016-12-01

    A dendrochronological profile was generated from Chinese pines (Pinus tabulaeformis Carr.) in the Qianshan Mountains in northeastern China. Based on correlation analyses, the pattern of precipitation from March to June (P 36 ) was reconstructed using a simple linear model, which explained 42.7% of the total variance in observed precipitation from 1951 to 2012. The reconstructed P 36 series revealed a consistently increasing trend in precipitation during the twentieth century in the Qianshan Mountains. The reconstructed data showed trends that were similar to those in the variation in trends for March-June precipitation observed at the Shenyang station, the reconstructed January-May precipitation trends in Shenyang City, and the reconstructed average June-September relative humidity for Yiwulü Mountain. The reconstructed data also showed good agreement with the droughts reported in historical documents and recorded by meteorological stations in Liaoning. Spatial correlation analyses show that the reconstructed data reflect the variability in precipitation that occurs over much of northeastern China. In addition, our reconstruction showed a significant periodicity. The significant correlations between the reconstructed P 36 and the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO), Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) and sunspot numbers indicate that precipitation variability in the Qianshan Mountain region is probably driven by extensive atmosphere-sea interactions and solar activities.

  10. Height growth of Korean pine plantation sapling in Benxi, Liaoning Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Qiang; WANG Jun

    2011-01-01

    The height growth of Korean pine plantation was investigated for different ages of saplings in Benxi city of the eastern Liaoning, China.The sapling and seedling age were determined by branch annuals.Results show that the mean height of third- to eight-year Korean pines ranges from 13.31 cm to 111.73 cm and only 19.4% of the saplings reached the height above 130 cm.The height (Y) of eight-year-old Korean pine increases linearly with the increment of ground stem (x)(Y=3.1x+35.15).The relation between height and age can be described by an exponential equation.The second year after planting of the Korean pine is considered as the key period of Korean pine growth really adapting to the local environment; plantation management should be strengthened in this year.The Korean pine seedlings need two years to adapt to the local environment, thus early care and management should be taken in the second year.

  11. Scenic Splendor in Calabash Island City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YIFAN&WANGNAN

    2003-01-01

    The Huludao landscape is one of green hills and a blue sea.Along its 237-km-long coastline are 20 finesanded beaches lapped by gentle waves ofclear water with gently undulating hills in the background.

  12. [Study on influence of floods on bacillary dysentery incidence in Liaoning province, 2004 -2010].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, X; Liu, Z D; Han, D B; Xu, Y Q; Jiang, B F

    2016-05-01

    To understand the influence of floods on bacillary dysentery in Liaoning province. The monthly surveillance data of bacillary dysentery, floods, meteorological and demographic data in Liaoning from 2004 to 2010 were collected. Panel Poisson regression analysis was conducted to evaluate the influence of floods on the incidence of bacillary dysentery in Liaoning. The mean monthly morbidity of bacillary dysentery was 2.17 per 100 000 during the study period, the bacillary dysentery cases mainly occurred in during July-September. Spearman correlation analysis showed that no lagged effect was detected in the influence of floods on the incidence of bacillary dysentery. After adjusting the influence of meteorological factors, panel data analysis showed that the influence of floods on the incidence of bacillary dysentery existed and the incidence rate ratio was 1.439 4(95%CI: 1.408 1-1.471 4). Floods could significantly increase the risk of bacillary dysentery for population in Liaoning.

  13. West Liaoning Found to be an Origin Area of Cretaceous Pterosaurs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ The fresh discoveries on pterosaurs by CAS researchers from the Jehol Fauna in the northeast China's Liaoning Province might shed new light on the studies of the extinct flying reptile that once ruled the skies for 160 million years in the Jurassic and Cretaceous periods. They make scientists to speculate that the western backwater of Liaoning could be one of the origin centers, from which the diverse populations of pterosaurs first made debut hundreds of thousand years ago.

  14. Trend and Cycle Analysis of Annual and Seasonal Precipitation in Liaoning, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taotao Chen

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Annual and seasonal precipitation data for 49 meteorological stations over the period of 1960–2006 in Liaoning province were analyzed. Liaoning experienced province-wide decreases in precipitation over the 47-year period, with annual precipitation decreasing by 96% of the stations, followed by 92, 84, 63, and 27%, respectively, for summer, autumn, spring, and winter precipitation. Regional trend analysis confirmed the province-wide decrease, which was detected by the site-specific analysis, but a greater number of significant declines were found for annual, summer, and autumn precipitation for Liaoning province and for three of its four subregions. Four significant cycles with alternation patterns were detected mainly at the time scales of 3–5, 10-11, 20–23, and 31.2 years for each of the four subregions (Liaodong Peninsula, Northeastern Mountain, Western Highland, and Central Plain and the entire Liaoning province, with the dominant periodicities being 10-11 years. The 10-11-year periodic variation of Liaoning annual precipitation was negatively associated with sunspot activity and positively associated with the East Asian Summer Monsoon (EASM at the same time scale, while the 31.2-year periodic variation of Liaoning annual precipitation was positively correlated with both the EASM and ENSO activities at the 30–33-year time scale.

  15. New Material of Sinosauropteryx (Theropoda: Compsognathidae) from Western Liaoning, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JI Shu'an; GAO Chunling; LIU Jinyuan; MENG Qingjin; JI Qiang

    2007-01-01

    An incomplete specimen of Sinosauropteryx prima collected from the Early Cretaceous Yixian Formation of the Dawangzhangzi area in Lingyuan, western Liaoning is depicted. It represents the first systematically described material of this feathered compsognathid outside the Sihetun area in Beipiao. This specimen shows some diagnostic features of Sinosauropteryx prima, such as the very short forelimb in relation to hindlimb with the length ratio of humerus plus radius to femur plus tibia just around 30%, and the long and massive first manual ungual subequal in length to radius. The presence of Sinosauropteryx prima only at Sihetun and Dawangzhangzi supports the suggestion that the fossilbearing beds in the Sihetun and Dawangzhangzi areas are equivalent to each other within the Yixian Formation.

  16. Time trends in the prevalence and epidemiological characteristics of neural tube defects in Liaoning Province, China, 2006-2015: A population-based study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Tie-Ning; Gong, Ting-Ting; Chen, Yan-Ling; Wu, Qi-Jun; Zhang, Yuan; Jiang, Cheng-Zhi; Li, Jing; Li, Li-Li; Zhou, Chen; Huang, Yan-Hong

    2017-02-03

    To evaluate the time trends in the prevalence of neural tube defects and all their subtypes as well as to identify the epidemiological characteristics of these malformations documented in the Liaoning Province of northeast China from 2006 to 2015. This was a population-based observational study using data from 3,248,954 live births as well as from 6217 cases of neural tube defects, 1,600 cases of anencephaly, 2,029 cases of spina bifida, 404 cases of encephalocele, and 3,008 cases of congenital hydrocephalus from 14 cities in Liaoning Province from 2006 to 2015. All analyses were conducted using SPSS software. During the observational period, the prevalence of neural tube defects, anencephaly, spina bifida, encephalocele, and congenital hydrocephalus was 19.1, 4.9, 6.2, 1.2, and 9.3 per 10,000 live births, respectively. Significantly decreasing trends were observed in the prevalence of all these malformations except for encephalocele. Notably, relatively higher prevalence rates were found in isolated compared with non-isolated malformations, with significant differences in selected characteristics (e.g., prognosis status, gestational age, and birth weight) between isolated and non-isolated cases of these malformations. The prevalence of neural tube defects showed a downward trend in Liaoning Province from 2006 to 2015. However, more attention should be focused on non-isolated cases in the future because of the severe clinical manifestations. Future prevention efforts should be strengthened to reduce the risk of these malformations, especially the non-isolated subtype, in areas with high prevalence.

  17. 辽西地区降水农业满足度与干旱发生规律分析%Analysis of satisfactory rainfall for agriculture and occurrence rules of drought in western Liaoning province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马永忠; 黄英华; 刁军; 唐远明

    2016-01-01

    Based on climatic data from 1960 to 2014 obtained from nine meteorological stations in Huludao and Chaoyang,rainfall changes,agricultural rainfall satisfactory and occurrence rules of drought during the growing season (from April to September)in the western region of Liaoning province were studied using methods of an accumulated moisture index and a moisture index.The results show that rainfall during growing season shows a downward trend from 1960 to 2014 for Huludao and Chaoyang.For recent 20 years,rainfall in the growing season decreases 8.7% and 1 1 .1%for the southern and northern areas of Songling Mountain,respectively.The time ran-ges with decreased rainfall are during the period from July to September.For recent 55 years,moisture index of growing season decreases with climate tendency rates of-0.023/10 a and -0.015/10 a for the southern and northern areas of Songling Mountain,respectively.Drought occurrence frequency shows an upward trend in recent 20 years with occurrence frequencies increasing 30.0% and 25.0% for the southern and northern areas of Son-gling Mountain,respectively.Growing season′s agricultural rainfall satisfactory decreased in recent 55 years with decreasing percentages of 1 1 .8% and 1 1 .2% for the southern and northern areas of Songling Mountain,respec-tively.Decreasing of growing season′s agricultural rainfall satisfactory in Huludao and Chaoyang is attributed to the decline in precipitation.As a result,occurrence frequency of drought increases,which makes agriculture production face a threat.Therefore,to relieve the loss caused by drought damage,we should improve the management of water resources,increase efficiency of water use and adjust planting structure of agriculture.%利用1960—2014年辽西葫芦岛和朝阳地区9个气象站的气候观测资料,采用积分湿度指标和湿润指数等气候诊断分析方法,研究辽西地区4—9月农作物生长季降水的变化和降水农业满足度及干旱的

  18. 葫芦岛市居民区褐家鼠携带的汉坦病毒分析%Analysis of Hantavirus carried by Rattus norvegicus in residential areas of Huludao

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李明慧; 陈小萍; 杨国庆; 沈铁峰; 刘保; 郭文平; 张永振

    2011-01-01

    Objective To determine the prevalence of hantavirus in rodents based on surveillance data in residential areas of Huludao for the formulation of preventive and control strategies in humans. Methods Rodent cages were used to capture small mammals. Lung samples of the subjects were then taken for detection of Hantavirus antigens using indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA). Genotyping was conducted using RT-PCR. Results In 2005 and 2006, 254 Rattus norvegicus,17 Mus musculus and 5 Apodemus agrarius were captured in nine residential areas and two wild fields in Huludao. The virus-carrying rates were 4.72% in R. norvegicus and 5.88% in M. musculus, respectively. Nine strains of Hantavirus were amplified using the RNA derived from the positive lung tissues of R. norvegicus. According to genotyping results, all were identified as Seoul virus (SEOV). A strain of SEOV was also isolated. Hantavirus was not detected from M. musculus and A. agrarius.Conclusion R. norvegicus was the primary host of Hantavirus in residential areas of Huludao and ali rodent-carrying Hantavirus strains were identified as SEOV.%目的 通过对汉坦病毒的临测分析,掌握葫芦岛市居民区鼠类中的汉坦病毒流行情况,为制定人间汉坦病毒的预防控制措施提供依据.方法 用鼠笼捕获小动物,采用间接免疫荧光法(IFA)检测小动物肺中的汉坦病毒抗原,用RT-PCR进行基因分型.结果 在2005-2006年选取葫芦岛地区9个不同地点的居民区和2个野外地点捕鼠,共捕获褐家鼠254只,小家鼠17只,黑线姬鼠5只,褐家鼠带病毒率为4.72%,小家鼠为5.88%.提取汉坦病毒抗原阳性鼠肺组织中的病毒RNA,从褐家鼠中共扩增出9株汉坦病毒,基因分型全部为汉城病毒,并且分离到1株病毒.而从小家鼠和黑线姬鼠中未扩增到病毒.结论 葫芦岛市居民区的鼠类以褐家鼠为主,其携带的病毒属于汉城型.

  19. Spatial Pattern and Influencing Factor of County-level Industrial Development in Liaoning Province of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GAO Xiaona; MA Yanji

    2008-01-01

    County-level industrial development and structure upgrade is one of the most important issues of revitaliz-ing old industrial base of China. ARer the cluster analysis on GDP per capita and GDP per area of each county inLiaoning Province, this paper finds the similarity of population size, land use intensity, and economic development ofeach county. Location quotient reflects the specialization intensity of industries in each county, and it also reflects thespatial differences of county-level industrial development. Economic development level is higher in the southeast thanin the northwest of Liaoning, and the industry driving effect on county-level economy is apparent. The main influenc-ing factors include location, industrial foundation and economic system reform, capital input level, knowledge andtechnology dissemination, conditions of domestic and overseas markets, population and labor force transfer. Industri-alization is an important approach to urbanization for the counties in Liaoning Province. The proportion of agricultureis much higher in the northwest than in the southeast of Liaoning, so it will be take longer time for counties in thenorthwest of Liaoning to make industrialization, urbanization and modernization.

  20. Inclusions of Hydrocarbon Fluids in Diamonds From Wafangdian, Liaoning, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leung, I. S.; Tsao, C.

    2015-12-01

    We studied a large number of industrial-grade diamonds from Pipe 50 of Liaoning, China. These diamonds are not suitable for polishing into gems or making cutting tools. They are usually crushed to form abrasives, without much scientific scrutiny. We report here fluid inclusions in dozens of diamonds. The first type of fluids occur in the outer rim of diamonds, just below the surface, while their interior is free of visible fluids. Under UV radiation, when a non-fluorescent diamond appeared dim, bubbles of included fluids became visible as yellow and blue spherules. Such diamonds are sometimes encrusted with euhedral micro-diamonds resembling those on thin films grown by CVD. The second type of fluid-rich diamonds display iridescence of pink, blue, green and yellow colors. They show lamellar, filamentous, or tubular structures, some of the tubes are filled with granules, probably grown from fluids in the tubes. An FT-IR investigation of both types yielded similar results. Apart from absorption due to intrinsic diamond lattice vibrations, we found an outstanding group of bands just below wavenumber 3000. This indicates the presence of a saturated aliphatic hydrocarbons of long chain length. Our results seem to implicate that hydrocarbons might be an important component in Earth's mantle, which might even have provided carbon from which diamonds crystllized.

  1. The empirical analysis on coordination of population and economy in Liaoning coastal economic zone%辽宁沿海经济带人口与经济协调度分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    初铭畅

    2013-01-01

    经济带和都市圈现已成为区域经济发展的主要趋势,人口与经济能否协调发展是实现区域经济发展目标的战略性问题。采用理论与实证、定量与定性相结合的方法,在人口与经济协调发展相关理论的基础上构建区域人口与经济协调度评价指标体系,运用主成分分析法对辽宁沿海经济带人口与经济协调度进行评价和分析,认为辽宁沿海经济带的人口与经济发展并不协调,区域差异明显,除了大连是中度协调发展以外,其他地区都不协调。大连的人口与经济协调度单独聚为第一类,是整个辽宁沿海经济带中人口与经济发展较为协调的地区;丹东、锦州、营口、葫芦岛聚类为第二类,属于中度失调衰退类;盘锦聚类为第三类,属于极度失调衰退类。%Economic zone and the Metropolitan has become the main trend of regional economic devel-opment .The coordinated development between population and economy is a strategic issue to realize the objectives of the regional economic development .By using the combination of theoretical and em-pirical methods ,quantitative and qualitative methods ,we constructed an evaluation system for coordi-nation degree between regional population and economy on the basis of relevant theories of population and economic development .By evaluating and analyzing the coordination degree of population and e-conomy in Liaoning coastal economic zone in the way of principal component analysis ,we consider that the coordination degree there is not ideal .Concretely ,the degrees of coordination of almost all the regions are not very high except that Dalian’s is moderate .Cluster analysis results of coordination degree of population and economy tell us that there are three groups :only the first group -Dalian’s population and economy are relatively coordinated in the entire Liaoning coastal economic zone ,the second one including Dandong ,Jinzhou

  2. 基于层次分析和模糊评价法的本溪市森林结构调整研究%Forest structure adjustment for Benxi city of Liaoning province based on analytic hierarchy process and fuzzy evaluation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李宁

    2014-01-01

    森林结构调整是森林经营的主要内容,为协调林区人民生活需要与生态环境之间的关系,运用层次分析法与模糊评价相结合,根据本溪市的森林资源现状与区域特点,按照森林的三大效益以及森林的作用建立模型,请专家与林业经营者共同打分构建判断矩阵,对森林结构进行调整。得出该地区调整方案:公益林应多于商品林,增加特种用途林和经济林面积,增进多种经营;在保证森林后备资源的基础上,减少中幼龄林比例,提高成熟林比例。这样将实现多种收益相结合,提高林区人民生活水平,同时改善人类生存环境。%Forest structure adjustment is one of the most important parts of forestry management. To coordinate the relationship between people’s living needs in forest region and the ecological environment, by basing on forest resources and regional characteristics of Benxi city, using the three benefits and effects of forest to build model, the judgment matrix was constructed by experts and operators, then the forest structure was adjusted with the analytic hierarchy process and fuzzy evaluation. The adjustment plans were as follows:the area of public welfare forest should be greater than timber forest, and the area of special use forest and non-timber product forest should be increased, and then the diversification should be promoted;on the basis of the ensuring forest reserve, the ratio of half-mature and young forest should be reduced, meanwhile the mature forest’ proportion should be increased. Thus realizing to obtain variety of earnings, to raise the level of people’ life in forest region, and to improve the environment for human survival.

  3. Prospect of Oil/Gas Exploration in Beach Area of Bohai Bay Basin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Gansheng; Dou Lirong; Yuan Lingling; Rong Jiashu

    1997-01-01

    @@ Introduction Located in beach zone along Bohai Bay, the beach area of Bohai Bay basin is restricted between coastline and water depth of 5 m, stretching from Bayuquan to Huludao, Liaoning Province and Qinhuangdao, Hebei Province to Weihekou, Shandong Province.

  4. Agricultural Ecological Zoning Plan of Old Industrial Bases in Liaoning Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    On the basis of brief description of current situation of old industrial bases and primary industry of Liaoning Province, the paper introduces the general situation of agriculture-ecological zoning plan in Liaoning Province. First, the ecological bases of agricultural zoning plan are introduced through various topographic and geomorphic types, regional climate differences and imbalanced distribution of natural resources; Second, in accordance with the theory of comparative advantage, distribution of production and resource economics, on the basis of comprehensive evaluation of agricultural natural resources, with the principle of fully excavating economic function of different natural resources, and in order to improve allocation efficiency of the two resources of market and government, the formation of ecological zoning plan of agriculture in Liaoning Province is analyzed; Third, according to Regional Layout Planning of Characteristic Agricultural Products of Liaoning Province (2006-2010), the paper describes basic layout of agriculture-ecological zoning plan in Liaoning Province. The policy support of agriculture-ecological zoning plan in Liaoning Province is analyzed from three aspects-support policy of functional zone major in producing grain, support policy of other characteristic agriculture-ecological zone and support measures of development of agriculture-ecological zone. The paper also analyzes experiences of agricultural development of old industrial bases in ecological zoning plan: First, agriculture-ecological zoning plan is a effective way of the revitalization of old industrial bases; Second, scientificity of plan is the basis of improving competitiveness of regional agriculture; Third, multi-input mechanism guiding by government is the key of agricultural packing effect; Fourth, integrated agricultural industrial chain is guarantee of realizing industrialization in ecological zone.

  5. An Analysis of Spatial Distribution Differences in Rural Leisure Tourist Destination Resources in Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liang ZHAO; Xiaoxiao QI

    2016-01-01

    From the perspective of tourism resources elements,we use abundance and geographic concentration methods to analyze the spatial distribution differences in the resources of 149 rural leisure tourist destinations in Liaoning Province. The results show that most of Liaoning’s rural leisure tourist destination resources are mainly concentrated in the central,southern and eastern regions of Liaoning Province; in the main category of rural leisure tourism resources,water scenery,geological landform and mountain ecosystem concentrate,while agricultural resources and rural scenic view present balanced distribution; rural leisure tourism resources are highly concentrated in Shenyang,Dalian,Anshan,Benxi,Liaoyang and Dandong.

  6. Jianshangou Bed of the Yixian Formation in West Liaoning, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN; Peiji; WANG; Qifei; ZHANG; Haichun; GAO; Meizhen; LI

    2005-01-01

    The Jianshangou Bed is a set of fossil-bearing sedimentary interlayers of the basal volcano-sedimentary deposits of Yixian Formation in western Liaoning. It is rich in volcanic composition and consists of upper and lower grey-black shale, basal sandy conglomerate, top tuffaceous sandstone, middle massive silty mudstone and siltstone, as well as andesite, with a thickness of 28-95 m. The Jianshangou Bed is famous all over the world for its bearing early birds, angiosperms and feathered dinosaurs, and it also yields bivalves, gastropods, conchostracans, ostracods, shrimps, insects, fish, amphibians, primitive mammals and other reptiles.These fossils are typical representatives of the Late Mesozoic Jehol Biota from eastern Asia. The Chaomidianzi and Sihetun formations, proposed in recent years, are regarded as the junior synonyms of the Jianshangou Bed. The Jehol Biota is endemic to eastern Asia, however, it has a large geographic distribution, more than half of the European territory. Many species of the biota have close relationships with the late Jurassic European counterparts, e.g. both Confuciusornis and Archaeopteryx are primitive birds, Sinosauropteryx has a similar skeleton construction with Compsognathus, the ostracode assemblage from the Jianshangou Bed is close to that from the Purbeck Bed in England, and Aeschnidium occurs in both the Jianshangou Bed and Solnhofen of Germany. Based on the biostratigraphic correlation, the Jianshangou Bed is more probably late Tithonian in age. The latest zircon U-Pb dating of the Jianshangou Bed gives 125.2 Ma, and is close to the feldspar Ar/Ar dating of 124.6 Ma. A glauconite dating of 125 Ma was once got from England near the J/K boundary within the Purbeck Bed, so it is still problematic to place the J/K boundary at 130, 135, 137, 142 or 145.5 Ma in the International Stratigraphic Charts.

  7. A sparrow-sized pterosaur brought to light in western Liaoning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ The fossils of a petite pterosaur ("winged lizard" in Greek, a group of winged reptiles that ruled the skies from 206 million to 65 million years ago) has been discovered by CAS paleontologists and their Brazilian co-workers in northeast China's Liaoning Province.

  8. [Analysis of vegetation dynamics over Liaoning province based on remote sensing data].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Li-wen; Wei, Ya-xing; Niu, Zheng

    2008-12-01

    In the present paper, the authors used normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) data derived from NOAA AVHRR sensor to analyze spatial heterogeneity and temporal dynamics of Liaoning province during the past two decades. A set of 2 292 spatially distributed NDVI values were analyzed to investigate obvious deviations by the mean-monthly values from 1982 to 2001. Various statistical analyses including minimum, mean and maximum values, coefficient of variation (CV), standardized anomalies (Z-scores), and 36-month running mean were used for monthly NDVI values to research spatial and temporal variations in vegetation. In Liaoning province, the authors found the strong seasonal oscillations during plants growing period, the maximum value of NDVI appeared in July-August, and seasonal variation ranged from 6% to 14% of CV value. Vegetation greenness kept upward trend from 1984 to 1990, but showed downward trend from 1991 to 1998. Vegetation greenness followed an interannual oscillation period of 7-8 years. The authors also found that the variation of NDVI peak along latitude direction was 20%-25% greater in 1991-1999 than in 1982-1990 in dry season across Liaoning province. The conclusions of this paper suggest that the patterns of vegetation variability in Liaoning province were caused by enhanced aridity occurring over the last decade of the 20th century.

  9. The Research on the Construction of Monitoring and Evaluation System for the Operation of Marine Economy in Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qianjin; TAN; Weimin; GOU; Peili; SUN

    2015-01-01

    According to the needs of Liaoning province marine economic operation monitoring and evaluation system for capacity building in this paper,it proposes the concept of marine economy operation monitoring and evaluation system,and introduces the system construction content and its architecture,and discusses the key issues on the monitoring index system,evaluation index system,mechanism construction and system implementation. It will help to improve the Liaoning marine economic statistical informatization level and promote the innovation of marine economy in Liaoning,and expect to provide reference for the system construction of other coastal provinces’ provincial marine economy operation monitoring and evaluation system.

  10. A Novel Workflow for Geothermal Prospectively Mapping Weights-of-Evidence in Liaoning Province, Northeast China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xuejia Sang

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Geological faults are highly developed in the eastern Liaoning Province in China, where Mesozoic granitic intrusions and Archean and Paleoproterozoic metamorphic rocks are widely distributed. Although the heat flow value in eastern Liaoning Province is generally low, the hot springs are very developed. It is obvious that the faults have significant control over the distribution of hot springs, and traditional methods of spatial data analysis such as WofE (weight of evidence usually do not take into account the direction of the distribution of geothermal resources in the geothermal forecast process, which seriously affects the accuracy of the prediction results. To overcome the deficiency of the traditional evidence weight method, wherein it does not take the direction of evidence factor into account, this study put forward a combination of the Fry and WofE methods, Fry-WofE, based on geological observation, gravity, remote sensing, and DEM (digital elevation model multivariate data. This study takes eastern Liaoning Province in China as an example, and the geothermal prospect was predicted respectively by the Fry-WofE and WofE methods from the statistical data on the spatial distribution of the exposed space of geothermal anomalies the surface. The result shows that the Fry-WofE method can achieve better prediction results when comparing the accuracy of these two methods. Based on the results of Fry-WofE prediction and water system extraction, 13 favorable geothermal prospect areas are delineated in eastern Liaoning Province. The Fry-WofE method is effective in study areas where the geothermal distribution area is obviously controlled by the fault. We provide not only a new method for solving the similar issue of geothermal exploration, but also a new insight into the distribution of geothermal resources in Liaoning Province.

  11. Characterization of Liaoning cashmere goat transcriptome: sequencing, de novo assembly, functional annotation and comparative analysis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hongliang Liu

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Liaoning cashmere goat is a famous goat breed for cashmere wool. In order to increase the transcriptome data and accelerate genetic improvement for this breed, we performed de novo transcriptome sequencing to generate the first expressed sequence tag dataset for the Liaoning cashmere goat, using next-generation sequencing technology. RESULTS: Transcriptome sequencing of Liaoning cashmere goat on a Roche 454 platform yielded 804,601 high-quality reads. Clustering and assembly of these reads produced a non-redundant set of 117,854 unigenes, comprising 13,194 isotigs and 104,660 singletons. Based on similarity searches with known proteins, 17,356 unigenes were assigned to 6,700 GO categories, and the terms were summarized into three main GO categories and 59 sub-categories. 3,548 and 46,778 unigenes had significant similarity to existing sequences in the KEGG and COG databases, respectively. Comparative analysis revealed that 42,254 unigenes were aligned to 17,532 different sequences in NCBI non-redundant nucleotide databases. 97,236 (82.51% unigenes were mapped to the 30 goat chromosomes. 35,551 (30.17% unigenes were matched to 11,438 reported goat protein-coding genes. The remaining non-matched unigenes were further compared with cattle and human reference genes, 67 putative new goat genes were discovered. Additionally, 2,781 potential simple sequence repeats were initially identified from all unigenes. CONCLUSION: The transcriptome of Liaoning cashmere goat was deep sequenced, de novo assembled, and annotated, providing abundant data to better understand the Liaoning cashmere goat transcriptome. The potential simple sequence repeats provide a material basis for future genetic linkage and quantitative trait loci analyses.

  12. Geo-hazards risk zonation and warning system based on GIS in Anshan City of Liaoning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhishuang YANG; Mao PAN; Xiaopeng WANG

    2006-01-01

    Debris flow and Karst collapse are the main parts of geological disasters in Anshan, which have affected on the construction and development of the social economy of Anshan. In order to enhance the studies of rules of disaster and give scientific estimation and alarm ahead of schedule warning, we established the warning system of Anshan and investigated the corresponding software, which are based on the deep discussions about the crisis estimation and methods of prediction of disasters. In this paper, the foundation of model used in estimating the alarm ahead of schedule for disaster and the methods of appraisal for the alarm ahead of schedule are discussed. This system for warning and evaluating is the combination of the models of warning and GIS flat roof, with so many virtues, such as complete functions, convenience, applicability, which has considered the output of data, analyses of space, chooses of model, output of production, report of information for warning and the statements and help of system.

  13. The barriers to energy efficiency in China: Assessing household electricity savings and consumer behavior in Liaoning Province

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Feng Dianshu, E-mail: dianshu@nus.edu.s [Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, Centre on Asia and Globalisation, National University of Singapore, Oei Tiong Ham Building, 469C Bukit Timah Road, Singapore 259772 (Singapore); Sovacool, Benjamin K., E-mail: bsovacool@nus.edu.s [Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, Centre on Asia and Globalisation, National University of Singapore, Oei Tiong Ham Building, 469C Bukit Timah Road, Singapore 259772 (Singapore); Khuong Minh Vu, E-mail: sppkmv@nus.edu.s [Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, Centre on Asia and Globalisation, National University of Singapore, Oei Tiong Ham Building, 469C Bukit Timah Road, Singapore 259772 (Singapore)

    2010-02-15

    This article investigates the barriers to energy efficiency at the residential sector within one province in China and explores patterns of household electricity consumption. The article presents the results of a survey questionnaire distributed to more than 600 households in Liaoning Province, field research at various Liaoning government agencies, and research interviews of Liaoning government officials to determine the efficacy of their energy efficiency efforts in China. It then investigates the extent that electricity consumers have taken advantage of energy efficiency opportunities relating to more efficient lights, water heaters, appliances, air-conditioners and heaters, and better energy-efficiency labels. The article also assesses the degree that electricity users have become more aware about electricity prices and their levels of consumption, and touches on the connection between rising levels of income and electricity use. It concludes by providing recommendations for how to improve efforts to promote conservation and reduce electricity load growth in Liaoning Province and beyond.

  14. The barriers to energy efficiency in China. Assessing household electricity savings and consumer behavior in Liaoning Province

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dianshu, Feng; Sovacool, Benjamin K.; Minh Vu, Khuong [Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, Centre on Asia and Globalisation, National University of Singapore, Oei Tiong Ham Building, 469C Bukit Timah Road, Singapore 259772 (Singapore)

    2010-02-15

    This article investigates the barriers to energy efficiency at the residential sector within one province in China and explores patterns of household electricity consumption. The article presents the results of a survey questionnaire distributed to more than 600 households in Liaoning Province, field research at various Liaoning government agencies, and research interviews of Liaoning government officials to determine the efficacy of their energy efficiency efforts in China. It then investigates the extent that electricity consumers have taken advantage of energy efficiency opportunities relating to more efficient lights, water heaters, appliances, air-conditioners and heaters, and better energy-efficiency labels. The article also assesses the degree that electricity users have become more aware about electricity prices and their levels of consumption, and touches on the connection between rising levels of income and electricity use. It concludes by providing recommendations for how to improve efforts to promote conservation and reduce electricity load growth in Liaoning Province and beyond. (author)

  15. 2009年2月12日夜间葫芦岛地区雨转雪个例分析%A Case Study on Rain- Snow in Huludao District at Night on February 12th, 2009

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于亚薇; 徐梦阳

    2011-01-01

    Through the comprehensive analysis of the high and low altitude situation, the ground situation and the numerical forecasting products, a middle - large snow and local blizzard weather process in Huludao from the evening of February 12th, 2009 to the morning of the next day was systematically analyzed by using the references of convention observation, mathematical forecast, satellite cloud picture and so on. The results showed that the beneficial coordination of high and low altitude and intersection of cold and warm air were the key factors of this synoptic process. It was the main reason of the early rain and late snowing that the earlier period was dominated by the warm and wet air, and the later period was controlled by the dry and cold air.%利用常规观测、数值预报、卫星云图等资料,通过对高低空形势、地面形势和多家数值预报产品的综合分析,对辽宁省葫芦岛市2009年2月12日傍晚~13日清晨中到大雪、局地暴雪的天气过程进行了系统分析.结果表明,高低空的有利配合,冷暖空气的交汇,是形成这次天气过程的关键.前期受暖湿空气主导,后期受干冷空气控制,这是先降雨后降雪的主要原因.

  16. Analysis on the Influence of Spring Low Temperature on the Agriculture and the Formation Reason in Liaoning Province in 2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] The research aimed to study the influence of spring low temperature on the agriculture and the formation reason in Liaoning Province in 2010. [Method] Based on the synoptics analysis principle, by analyzing the atmospheric circulation situation and satellite cloud map, the influence of spring low temperature on the agriculture and the formation reason of low temperature weather in Liaoning Province during April-May, 2010 were discussed. [Result] The high-altitude situation analysis showed that i...

  17. Genetic Variation of 25 Y-Chromosomal and 15 Autosomal STR Loci in the Han Chinese Population of Liaoning Province, Northeast China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yao, Jun; Wang, Bao-Jie

    2016-01-01

    In the present study, we investigated the genetic characteristics of 25 Y-chromosomal and 15 autosomal short tandem repeat (STR) loci in 305 unrelated Han Chinese male individuals from Liaoning Province using AmpFISTR® Yfiler® Plus and IdentifilerTM PCR amplification kits. Population comparison was performed between Liaoning Han population and different ethnic groups to better understand the genetic background of the Liaoning Han population. For Y-STR loci, the overall haplotype diversity was 0.9997 and the discrimination capacity was 0.9607. Gene diversity values ranged from 0.4525 (DYS391) to 0.9617 (DYS385). Rst and two multi-dimensional scaling plots showed that minor differences were observed when the Liaoning Han population was compared to the Jilin Han Chinese, Beijing Han Chinese, Liaoning Manchu, Liaoning Mongolian, Liaoning Xibe, Shandong Han Chinese, Jiangsu Han Chinese, Anhui Han Chinese, Guizhou Han Chinese and Liaoning Hui populations; by contrast, major differences were observed when the Shanxi Han Chinese, Yunnan Bai, Jiangxi Han Chinese, Guangdong Han Chinese, Liaoning Korean, Hunan Tujia, Guangxi Zhuang, Gansu Tibetan, Xishuangbanna Dai, South Korean, Japanese and Hunan Miao populations. For autosomal STR loci, DP ranged from 0.9621 (D2S1338) to 0.8177 (TPOX), with PE distributing from 0.7521 (D18S51) to 0.2988 (TH01). A population comparison was performed and no statistically significant differences were detected at any STR loci between Liaoning Han, China Dong, and Shaanxi Han populations. The results showed that the 25 Y-STR and 15 autosomal STR loci in the Liaoning Han population were valuable for forensic applications and human genetics, and Liaoning Han was an independent endogenous ethnicity with a unique subpopulation structure.

  18. The existing time of Sihetun vertebrate in western Liaon-ing, China--Evidence from U-Pb dating of zircon

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    In different opinions, the stratigraphic time of the feathered dinosaurs and early birds in Sihetun and its neighboring areas in Beipiao, western Liaoning is appointed to different epoches of eras, such as Late Jurassic, Early Cretaceous and Late Jurassic-Early Cretaceous. Even the recently dating data are still very different. This note first reported the U-Pb age of (125.2±0.9) Ma of zircon separated from tuff of Sihetun vertebrates horizon. The age reveals that Sihetun vertebrate belongs to Early Cretaceous. The method is more objective, because of the strong ability of disturbance resistance and high U-Pb blocking temperature of zircons.

  19. A New Ornithocheirid from the Early Cretaceous of Liaoning Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    L(U) Junchang; JI Qiang

    2005-01-01

    Based on a nearly complete skeleton with skull from the Early Cretaceous of Liaoning Province, a new omithocheirid pterosaur: Boreopterus cuiae gen. et sp. nov. is erected. Boreopterus cuiae is different from other pterosaurs preserved with skulls known from the western Liaoning Province and its neighboring areas. This new pterosaur has more and larger teeth than those in other ornithocheirids. Its anterior nine pairs of teeth are larger than other teeth. The fourth pair of upper and lower teeth are slightly larger than the third pair. Overall, Boreopterus cuiae shows much small range of tooth size variation than Anhanguerapiscator and Coloborhynchus robustus. The new taxon shares with other ornithocherids in having a relatively large size of the third and fourth pairs of teeth.

  20. Sequencing and Phylogenetic Analysis of Potato virus Y Liaoning Isolate in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Fang; GAO Zheng-liang; AN Meng-nan; ZHOU Ben-guo; and WU Yuan-hua

    2013-01-01

    Complete genome sequence of Potato virus Y Liaoning isolate (PVY-LN) causing tobacco vein necrosis symptoms were isolated from Liaoning Province in China. Genome sequences of PVY-LN was 9 714 nucleotides in length, excluding the 3′-terminal poly (A) tail. PVY-LN encodes a single long open reading frame (ORF) of polyprotein that is predicted to be cleaved into ten mature proteins by three viral proteases. No recombination can be predicted in PVY-LN sequences compared with that of the other PVY strains using Recombination Detection Programe v. 4.16 (RDP4). Complete genome sequence comparison and phylogenetic analysis indicated that PVY-LN is closely related to PVY necrosis strain (PVYN).

  1. New Eoenantiornithid Bird from the Early Cretaceous Jiufotang Formation of Western Liaoning, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Enantionithine birds are the most blooming branch of early birds and have distinct diversities. A large number of enantionithine birds have been reported from the Early Cretaceous Jiufotang Formation in western Liaoning, China. Recently, we discovered a new eoenantiornithid bird from the Jiufotang Formation in Dapingfang Town, western Liaoning. A new eoenantiornithid bird,Dapingfangornis sentisorhinus gen. et sp. nov., is erected based on this complete skeleton with a skull.The new bird is distinguished from other known Mesozoic birds in a medium to small size, a distinct thorn-like process on the nasals, a sternum with a long and a short lateral processes. The thorn-like process on the nasal has not been discovered among known fossil birds, thus the discovery also provides new materials on the diversities of early birds.

  2. Enantiornithine Bird with Diapsidian Skull and Its Dental Development in the Early Cretaceous in Liaoning, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GONG Enpu; HOU Lianhai; WANG Lixia

    2004-01-01

    A large number of enantiornithine birds are discovered from the Early Cretaceous Jiufutang Formation in western Liaoning, China. They are all small-sized birds with a few small teeth. The enantiornithine bird from the Jiufutang Formation in the Shangheshou area, Chaoyang, Liaoning Province reported in this paper is the largest individual known in all enantiornithine birds of the Early Cretaceous.However, its teeth possess a feature of pseudoheterodont. Some different development stages of the new teeth substitute the earlier stages and the stages of development are preserved in this specimen. This development pattern is similar to that of Archaeopteryx and alligator but not dinosaur. A well-developed postorbital was also preserved in the skull, which was a diapsidian skull like that of Confuciusornis. Additionally, the distinctive preservation of its prefrontal distinguishes it from other enantiornithine birds of the Early Cretaceous.

  3. A New Ctenochasmatid Pterosaur from the Early Cretaceous of Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DONG Zhiming; L(U) Junchang

    2005-01-01

    Based on a nearly complete lower jaw from the Early Cretaceous of Liaoning Province, a new ctenochasmatid pterosaur: Liaoxipterus brachyognathus gen. et sp. nov. is erected. Liaoxipterus brachyognathus is different from any known pterosaurs with skulls preserved from western Liaoning Province and its peripheral areas in that the anterior part of the mandibular symphysis is expanded, being widest between the fourth alveolus of each side. Liaoxipterus brachyognathus is assigned to Ctenochasmatidae based on the following characters: the rounded anterior end of the lower jaw is spatulated and dorsoventrally flattened and marked heterodonty in the dentition is absent. It difters from other ctenochasmatid pterosaurs in having relatively small number of teeth. Liaoxipterus is distinguished from some omithocheirids, which have expanded anterior parts of the mandibular symphyses, such as Anhanguera piscator,Coloborhynchus robustus in which the teeth of the new pterosaur are not as variable.

  4. 500 Cities: City Boundaries

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — This city boundary shapefile was extracted from Esri Data and Maps for ArcGIS 2014 - U.S. Populated Place Areas. This shapefile can be joined to 500 Cities...

  5. A new fossil weevil (Coleoptera, Curculionoidea, Belidae) from the Yixian Formation of western Liaoning, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Ming; REN Dong; SHIH Chungkun

    2006-01-01

    This paper reports a new genus and a new species Microprobelus liuae gen. et sp. nov. referred to the family Belidae.This fossil was collected from the Late Jurassic Yixian Formation of western Liaoning, China. Detailed description and illustration of the specimen along with a brief review of fossil belids are given. And the age of the Yixian Formation and the early diversification of the weevils are discussed.

  6. Paleoproterozoic Sediment- hosted Gold Deposits in Eastern Liaoning, Northeast China: Implications for Gold Exploration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Dejiang

    2001-01-01

    Gold deposits in eastern Liaoning, northeast China are hosted in the middle and upper parts of a Paleoproterozoic volcanic - sedimentary succession, which consists of interlayered carbonates and fine - grained clastics. This paper discusses the geological features of ore - bearing formations, ore- controlling structures and metallogenetic characteristics. Analysis of ore - controlling factors suggested that the schists from the Gaixian formatyion, syngenetic faults and ductile shear zones are principal ore controls over mineralization and thereafter indicators for gold exploration.

  7. [Variation of forest vegetation carbon storage and carbon sequestration rate in Liaoning Province, Northeast China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhen, Wei; Huang, Mei; Zhai, Yin-Li; Chen, Ke; Gong, Ya-Zhen

    2014-05-01

    The forest vegetation carbon stock and carbon sequestration rate in Liaoning Province, Northeast China, were predicted by using Canadian carbon balance model (CBM-CFS3) combining with the forest resource data. The future spatio-temporal distribution and trends of vegetation carbon storage, carbon density and carbon sequestration rate were projected, based on the two scenarios, i. e. with or without afforestation. The result suggested that the total forest vegetation carbon storage and carbon density in Liaoning Province in 2005 were 133.94 Tg and 25.08 t x hm(-2), respectively. The vegetation carbon storage in Quercus was the biggest, while in Robinia pseudoacacia was the least. Both Larix olgensis and broad-leaved forests had higher vegetation carbon densities than others, and the vegetation carbon densities of Pinus tabuliformis, Quercus and Robinia pseudoacacia were close to each other. The spatial distribution of forest vegetation carbon density in Liaoning Province showed a decrease trend from east to west. In the eastern forest area, the future increase of vegetation carbon density would be smaller than those in the northern forest area, because most of the forests in the former part were matured or over matured, while most of the forests in the later part were young. Under the scenario of no afforestation, the future increment of total forest vegetation carbon stock in Liaoning Province would increase gradually, and the total carbon sequestration rate would decrease, while they would both increase significantly under the afforestation scenario. Therefore, afforestation plays an important role in increasing vegetation carbon storage, carbon density and carbon sequestration rate.

  8. [Assessment of eco-economic system sustainable development of Liaoning province based on emergy analysis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Yue; Cheng, Quan-Guo; Li, Ye; Fu, Jia

    2014-01-01

    By constructing an evaluation system based on emergy analysis which included emergy flow, source of emergy index, social subsystem evaluation index, economic subsystem evaluation index, natural subsystem evaluation index and composite index, the development and sustainability of the eco-economic system of Liaoning Province between 2000 and 2010 were evaluated. The result showed that from 2000 to 2010, the total used emergy increased from 3440.12 x 10(20) sej to 7636.33 x 10(20) sej, among which the proportion of the nonrenewable emergy in 2010 occupied the most in the total by 68.6% , and the emergy per capita increased from 8.32 x 10(15) sej to 17.96 x 10(15) sej. The emergy self-support ratio in the system was generally higher, while it dropped from 91.1% in 2000 to 79.9% in 2010. The emergy loading ratio increased from 3.22 to 7.80, the emergy sustainable index dropped from 3.47 to 0.64, and the emergy index for sustainable development decreased from 6.73 to 1.56. It suggested the eco-economic system of Liaoning Province presented an unsustainable development trend. The development level of Liaoning in 2010 merely equaled to the level of Japan and America in the 1980s.

  9. Phylogenetic Characteristics of Anthrax Outbreaks in Liaoning Province, China, 2001-2015.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mao, Lingling; Zhang, Enmin; Wang, Zijiang; Li, Yan; Zhou, Hang; Liu, Xuesheng; Zhang, Huijuan; Cai, Hong; Liang, Xudong; Sun, Yingwei; Zhang, Zhikai; Li, Wei; Yao, Wenqing; Wei, Jianchun

    2016-01-01

    Anthrax is a continuous threat in China, especially in rural regions. In July 2015, an anthrax outbreak occurred in Xifeng County, Liaoning Province. A total of 10 cutaneous anthrax cases were reported, with 210 people under medical observation. In this study, the general characteristics of human anthrax outbreak occurred in Liaoning Province were described, and all cases were caused by butchering and contacting sick animal. Meanwhile, the phylogenetic relationship between outbreak-related isolates/samples of the year 2015 and previous Bacillus anthracis strains was analyzed by means of canonical single nucleotide polymorphisms (canSNP), multiple-locus variable-number tandem repeat analysis (MLVA) with 15 markers and single-nucleotide repeats (SNR) analysis. There are two canSNP subgroups found in Liaoning, A.Br.001/002 and A.Br.Ames, and a total of six MLVA 15 genotypes and five SNR genotypes were observed. The strain collected from anthrax outbreak in Xifeng County in 2015 was classified as A.Br.001/002 subgroup and identified as MLVA15-29 genotype, with same SNR profile (CL10: 17, CL12: 15, CL33: 29, and CL35: 13). So we conclude that the same clone of B.anthracis caused the anthrax outbreak in Xifeng County in 2015, and this clone is different to previous isolates. Strengthening public health education in China is one of the most important measures to prevent and control anthrax.

  10. Temporal dynamics and sPatial variations of forest vegetation carbon stock in Liaoning Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Qing; TANG Li-Na; REN Yin

    2011-01-01

    There are many uncertainties in the estimation of forest carbon sequestration in China,especially in Liaoning Province where various forest inventory data have not been fully utilized.By using forest inventory data,we estimated forest vegetation carbon stock of Liaoning Province between 1993 and 2005.Results showed that forest biomass carbon stock increased from 68.91 Tg C in 1993 to 97.51 Tg C in 2005,whereas mean carbon density increased from 18.48 Mg.ha-1 C to 22.33 Mg·ha-1 C.The carbon storage of young- and middle-aged forests increased by 22.1 Tg C and 5.95 Tg C,but that of mature forests has decreased by 0.25 Tg C.The carbon stock and density of forests in Liaoning Province varied greatly in space:larger carbon storage and higher carbon density were primarily found in the east area.The spatial distribution of carbon density was determined by many factors,of which human activities played an important role.The forests in Liauning Province played a positive role as a sink of atmospheric carbon dioxide.The carbun fixation ability of forests in this area was primarily derived from forest plantation and the total forest carbon sequestration can be enhanced by expanding young- and middle-aged forests.

  11. 辽宁省海岸带环境脆弱性研究%Research on environmental vulnerability in Liaoning coastal zone

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙才志; 曹卉; 邹玮

    2011-01-01

    This paper intends to provide a case study of the Liaoning coastal zone, which is in the most economically developed region of Liaoning Province. As is seen, the coastal areas of a country used to be the most important habitats for human societies, but now they are confronting more and more environmental challenges, such as the sea-level rising-up, biodiversity declining, fishery resources degeneration and so on. All this has made urgently necessary the sea-water environmental vulnerability assessment and the protection of marine animals and plants. For the purpose of the marine environmental protection , first of all, we think it necessary to define the coastal areas vulnerability, and its corresponding attributes, such as objectivity,sensitivity and limited recovering capacity. Next, we have listed thirty-one factors influencing the sustainable development of our marine environment and the forming of the assessment indicating system, which are based on the four aspects of natural factors and human-activity affecting factors, including: (1) the land environmental indie-tor, (2) the sea environmental indictor, (3) the social indictor, and (4) the economic indictor. The information of such indictors can be extracted in the form of the geographical shape and length of the coastline, the coastal region area, sea-beach wetland landscape patterns, land-covering change information of the six coastal cities in Iiaoning by applying the RS( remote sensing) and GIS( geographic information system) technology. Secondly, the methods of'projection pursuit and dynamic analytic hierarchy process have been adopted to evaluate the vulnerability of Liaoning's coastal areas from the spatial and temporal aspects. The results of our investigation show that: (1) In temporal aspects, Dalian city has been revealing an ever increasing tendency of environmental vulnerability sometimes with fluctuations from 1990 to 2008, though somewhat improved and even tends to be better, while the other

  12. 辽中南城市群新型城市化战略研究%Research the New Type Urbanization Strategy of Urban Agglomeration in Central and South Liaoning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓玲

    2014-01-01

    Defects of traditional urbanization mode in the development process displayed it was difficult to continue . New type urbanization is an inevitable choice for economic structure transformation and city ’ s sustainable develop-ment in China .As the most important growth pole , the road of new type urbanization of urban agglomeration in cen-tral and south Liaoning will promote deepening of revitalization of old industrial base .The paper analyzes the con-notation, the goal, the motivation, the characteristic and the index system of new type urbanization through litera-ture method , explores the plight of urban agglomeration in central and south Liaoning towards new type urbaniza -tion.It draws the following conclusion:the new type urbanization of urban agglomeration in central and south Lia-oning should take the strategy that medium and small cities will be given priority to develop as a breakthrough .It also should take harmonious development of large , medium and small city as the lead , and take the improvement of city quality as the ultimate goal .%传统城市化模式在发展过程中暴露的缺陷显示出其难以为继,新型城市化是我国经济结构转型、城市可持续发展的必然选择。辽中南城市群作为东北地区最为重要的增长极,其新型城市化道路将推动老工业基地振兴战略的深化。通过文献法分析了新型城市化的内涵、目标、动力、特征和指标体系,探索了辽中南城市群走新型城市化之路所面临的困境,得出如下结论:辽中南城市群新型城市化之路应以中、小城市优先发展战略为突破,以大、中、小城市和小城镇协调发展为主导,以全面提高城市化质量为最终目标。

  13. Liaoning becomes hot region for multinational investment%辽宁已成为跨国公司投资中国的热点地区

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    According to relevant departments of the Liaoning Provincial Government, over 100 of the world's top 500 enterprises and famous multinationals have invested in a variety of major industrial projects in the province. There are now more than 8,000 officially registered foreign-funded enterprises in Liaoning, which has so far utilized US$48.4

  14. Mercury pollution onto soil and plants in the non-ferrous metallurgy and chemical industrial areas of Huludao city%葫芦岛市有色冶金-化工区土壤与植物汞污染

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑冬梅; 王起超; 郑娜; 张少庆

    2007-01-01

    通过对有色冶金-化工区土壤汞、植物汞空间特征的分析,确定不同源对土壤、植物的影响.土壤表层汞含量以锌冶炼厂和氯碱厂及其附近为中心,向外围辐散降低,呈双中心分布,其含量为0.055~14.575 mg·kg-1,平均值为1.435 mg·kg-1;植物叶汞含量为柳树(Salix)>榆树(Ulmus)>槐树(Sophora)>丁香(Cytisus)>杨树(Populus)>松树(Pinus)>柏树(Cyparissus),其汞含量为0.029~2.700 mg·kg-1,平均为0.182 mg·kg-1.植物汞的空间分布特征是以锌冶炼厂及其附近为中心,表明大气沉降作用对植物汞的含量有显著的影响,锌冶炼厂是植物汞含量的主要来源,有色冶金-化工区是我国汞污染最重的地区之一,其生态风险应引起重视.

  15. Discovery of Late Permian Jianshanzi volcanic rocks in Qinghe valley of northern Liaoning and its geologic significance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yuejun CHEN; Chunlin SUN; Yuewu SUN

    2008-01-01

    Jianshanzi volcanic rocks at Qinghe valley in the northern Liaoning were considered belonging to Early Proterozoic Gaojiayu Formation of Liaohe Group, or to Early Cambrian Beidagou Formation of Qinghezhen Group, or Middle-Late Proterozoic Shenjiapu Formation-Complex of Kaiyuan Group-complex. Dating the zircons from the dacite with schistosity is 2 506 Ma in method of U-Pb (SHRIMP). This evidence indicates the rocks may be referred to Late Permian in age. Discovery of the rocks is significant to re-recognize stratigraphic property of "Liaohe Group", regional geotectonic location and revolution of orogenic zone in Qinghe valley of the northern Liaoning.

  16. Snow Cover Monitoring Using MODIS Data in Liaoning Province, Northeastern China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu Lu

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the results of snow cover monitoring studies in Liaoning Province, northeastern China, using MODIS data. Snow cover plays an important role in both the regional water balance and soil moisture properties during the early spring in northeastern China. In addition, heavy snowfalls commonly trigger hazards such as flooding, caused by rapid snow melt, or crop failure, resulting from fluctuations in soil temperature associated with changes in the snow cover. The latter is a function of both regional, or global, climatic changes, as well as fluctuations in the albedo resulting from variations in the Snow Covered Area (SCA. These impacts are crucial to human activities, especially to those living in middle-latitude areas such as Liaoning Province. Thus, SCA monitoring is currently an important tool in studies of global climate change, particularly because satellite remote sensing data provide timely and efficient snow cover information for large areas. In this study, MODIS L1B data, MODIS Daily Snow Products (MOD10A1 and MODIS 8-day Snow Products (MOD10A2 were used to monitor the SCA of Liaoning Province over the winter months of November–April, 2006–2008. The effects of cloud masking and forest masking on the snow monitoring results were also assessed. The results show that the SCA percentage derived from MODIS L1B data is relatively consistent, but slightly higher than that obtained from MODIS Snow Products. In situ data from 25 snow stations were used to assess the accuracy of snow cover monitoring from the SCA compared to the results from MODIS Snow Products. The studies found that the SCA results were more reliable than MODIS Snow Products in the study area.

  17. Research of dynamically coordinated development of regional system in Liaoning province%辽宁省区域系统动态协调发展研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    关伟; 高健

    2014-01-01

    区域系统是由经济、社会、人口、资源、环境等构成的复杂系统,区域系统协调是这一复杂系统在其发展演化过程中,经济、社会、人口、资源、环境等子系统之间不断协同、相互促进,由不协调到协调、由协调到不协调、再到更高程度的协调,循环往复的动态变化及其过程。基于区域系统协调发展的标准,构建了区域经济-社会-人口-资源环境系统协调度评价指标体系,通过线性加权模型和离差系数法得到辽宁省2002-2011年间区域系统协调发展水平得分及其所辖14个市的协调度。通过对辽宁省协调度变化及协调度类型的时空演变分析,得出辽宁省区域系统具有系统协调度类型以基本协调和比较协调为主、协调度区域差异明显、市域系统协调度类型分化显著、总体上呈良性发展趋势等4个结论。%Regional system is a complex system w hich is consists of economic ,social ,population ,resources ,envi-ronment ,etc .In the process of regional system development evolution ,the economic subsystem ,society subsys-tem ,population subsystem ,resource subsystem ,environment subsystem constantly coordinate and promote each other .Regional system coordination is the process that system dynamics change from uncoordinated to coordina-tion to uncoordinated ,finally reach a higher degree of coordination .Based on the principle of coordinated develop-ment of regional system ,this paper chooses 21 indexes of Liaoning province to build the index system of coordi-nated development of regional system .By using the linear weighted model and the coefficient of variation ,the co-ordination degree of Liaoning province and 14 cities of Liaoning province between 2002 and 2011 is obtained . Through analyzing the change of coordination degree and spatial distribution of the type of system coordination degree ,the results show that the type of coordination degree is almost basic

  18. A New Hadrosauroid Dinosaur from the Mid-Cretaceous of Liaoning,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YOU Hailu; JI Qiang; LI Jinglu; LI Yinxian

    2003-01-01

    A new hadrosauroid dinosaur, Shuangmiaosaurus gilmorei gen. et sp. nov., is described based on acomplete left maxilla with articulated premaxilla and lacrimal fragments, and a complete left dentary from the mid-Cretaceous Sunjiawan Formation of Beipiao, Liaoning, northeastern China. Cladistic analysis shows thatShuangmiaosaurus is a basal hadrosauroid, and comprises the sister taxon to Hadrosauridae. In both Shuangmiaosaurusand Hadrosauridae, the maxilla-jugal suture is butt-jointed, rather than finger-in-recess articulation as in other basalhadrosauroids. However, Shuangmiaosaurus does not possess such hadrosaurid synapomorphies as the diamond-shapedmaxillary crowns with reduced primary ridges and reduced marginal denticles.

  19. Paleoproterozoic Extensional Structure and Its Controlling on Mineralization in the East of Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Zhongzhu; Chen Shuliang; Li Xiandong; Wang Zhongjiang; Qu Hongxiang; Gang Jiang

    2001-01-01

    The palaeoproterozoic extensional structure in the east of Liaoning Province underwent sub - bedding ductile shear flowing deformation with metamorphism and magmatic emplacement. The reversal structure following the processes constructed the present framework of palaeoproterozoic orogenic belt. As a result of the ductile shearing along the layers, the gold in the Liaohe group was activated, migrated upward to the interface between the Dashiqiao rock formation, which was lower green schist facies and the Gaixian rock formation, so the gold deposit was formed in the space of brittle - ductile shear zone as ductile - shear - zone - typed stratabound gold deposit.

  20. Effect of Mesozoic volcanic eruptions in the western Liaoning Province, China on paleoclimate and paleoenvironment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GUO; Zhengfu(郭正府); LIU; Jiaqi(刘嘉麒); WANG; Xiaolin(汪筱林)

    2003-01-01

    Well-preserved Mesozoic vertebrate fossils were found from lacustrine deposits interbedded with tuff and tuffites in the lower part of the Yixian Formation, western Liaoning Province, China. The fossil-rich layers were preserved in the intermediate-acid volcanic deposits in Sihetun excavating profile. Based on the petrographic studies of samples of the tuff and tuffites collected from the profile, this paper determines major element concentrations and volatile compositions of the melt inclusions in phenocrysts and matrix glasses with electron microprobe analysis. Volatile (S, F, Cl and H2O) contents emitted into the atmosphere were estimated by comparing pre- and post-eruptive volatile concentrations. Amount of volatiles (except for water) emitted in western Liaoning are much higher than those in the historic eruptions which had a substantial effect on climate and environment. Based on the nature and amount of the gases emitted in the eruptions of western Liaoning, we present a hypothesis that volatile-rich volcanism could result in mass mortality of vertebrates in the study area by injecting a large amount of volatiles (e.g., SO2, H2S, HCl, HF and H2O) into the stratosphere that would have triggered abrupt environmental and climate changes and altered lake chemistry. In terms of contents of volatile emissions, the eruptions in western Liaoning can be subdivided into the following three categories. The first group is dominated by HF emission, which had a fatal but possibly short-lived effect on paleoclimate and paleoenvironment and finally caused the mass mortality of the primitive birds. The second group presents the highest halogen concentrations emitted. However, contents of chlorine erupted is higher than those of fluorine emitted. The reactive chlorine compounds probably led to the ozone layer depletion and, therefore, caused mass mortality of most of all vertebrates including fishes, turtles and dinosaurs. The third one consists mainly of sulfur gases

  1. Metallogenic Model and Prospecting Indicators of the Boron Deposits in East Liaoning Area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qu Hongxiang; Zhang Guoren; Li Xiandong; Chen Shuliang; Yang Zhongzhu; Wang Zhongjiang

    2001-01-01

    The Paleoproterozoic boron deposits in east Liaoning occur in Mg- rich marble of Li' eryu Formation of Liaohe group. The mineralization was controlled by stratigraphic lithology. The volcano ~ sedimentation is the material base of ore-formation. Boron mainly derived from volcanic source. Boron in Li' eryu formation was activated and transferred by migmatization and then deposited into ore when metasomatism occurrs in Mg - rich marble. Structural deformation reconstructed the boron ore bodies. Meanwhile, ore - bearing hyd~othermal solution produced by structural deformation and remetasomated the host - ore rocks or filled in fissure of ore. Boron deposit is a stratabound deposit, which formed by migmatization and structural deformation mineralization.

  2. Androecium of Archaefructus, the Late Jurassic Angiosperms from Western Liaoning, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SUN Ge; ZHENG Shaolin; SUN Chunlin; SUN Yuewu; David L. DILCHER; MIAO Yuyan

    2002-01-01

    Androecium of the earliest known flowering plant Archaefructus liaoningensis was found from the Upper Jurassic Jianshangou Formation of western Liaoning, China. The androecium consists of numerous stamens bearing in pair on the reproductive axes below conduplicate carpels. The stamens are composed of a short filament and basifixed anther for each. Monosulcate pollen in situ are found from the anthers. The characters of the androecium reveals that Archaefructus are probably protandrous, and the paired stamens and monosulcate pollen appear to indicate that Archaefructus, as primitive angiosperms,might be derived from extinct seed -ferns during the Older Mesozoic. Archaefructus is considered Late Jurassic in age.

  3. New fossil elaterid (Coleoptera: Polyphaga: Elateridae) from Yixian Formation of western Liaoning, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    A new species of the elaterid genus Cryptocoelus Dolin and Nel, 2002 from the Late Jurassic to Early Cretaceous Yixian Formation in the western Liaoning, China is described. Diagnosis of the genus is revised, and the systematic position of the genus is briefly discussed. Because the elaterids originated in the Early to Mid-Jurassic, this new material from the Late Jurassic-Early Cretaceous will enhance our understanding of the transition between ancient elaterids and extant ones, bridge the gap of cryptic relationships between the Mesozoic cupedids and elaterids, and expand our knowledge of their evolutionary history.

  4. 辽宁地区代谢综合征的患病率及城乡差异%The prevalence of metabolic syndrome in Liaoning province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘赫; 单忠艳; 滕晓春; 赖亚新; 陈彦彦

    2010-01-01

    A total of 3 431 subjects aged 18 years or over from Liaoning province were involved in this study.The prevalence of metabolic syndrome(MS) was 19.50%,being 19.79% in men and 18.44% in women, according to the standard of Chinese Diabetes Society in 2004.Villages had the highest prevalence of MS in women,while cities had the lowest;towns had the highest prevalence of MS in men,while villages had the lowest.The prevalence of MS was increased with both aging and income.The peak of MS is turning to the developing district.%采用多阶段分层整群随机抽样方法调查辽宁地区18岁以上3 431人.按照中华医学会糖尿病分会2004年的标准,代谢综合征(MS)的患病率为19.50%(男性19.79%,女性18.44%).女性患病率农村>城镇>城市;同等收入水平MS患病率男女均农村>城镇>城市.辽宁地区MS的患病率高发正转向发展中的贫穷地区.

  5. 论辽宁古代建筑的文化内涵%Discussion for the cultural connotation of ancient buildings in Liaoning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    舒红霞; 王玲

    2015-01-01

    The ancient architectural culture of Liaoning has the rich connotation with its national culture, it’ s both living history “text”and has the world architectural culture significance. The cultural information from ancient times has provided valuable historical basis for the city origin and the layout. Those remains of religious, political and military construction, which reflect the multi-ethnic huaxia civilization, also the aesthetic consciousness that closed to the natural environment and the spirit heritage from the magnanimous unity nature of Chinese nation.%辽宁古代建筑文化具有多民族文化的丰富内涵,既是活的历史“文本”又具备世界建筑文化的意义。那些来自远古的文化信息,为城市起源、布局提供了宝贵历史依据;遗存的宗教、政治、军事建筑体现了多民族共建华夏文明,与自然环境亲近和谐的审美意识,以及中华民族心胸博大、天人合一的精神传承。

  6. 辽西北玉米干旱脆弱性评价模型构建与区划研究%Vulnerability evaluation and regionalization of drought disaster risk of maize in Northwestern Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阎莉; 张继权; 王春乙; 严登华; 刘兴朋; 佟志军

    2012-01-01

    Based on IPCC definition of vulnerability within the context of climate change, a risk assessment model of maize vulnerability to drought was established from the perspectives of exposure, sensitivity and adaptability. Given drought disaster risk of maize in Northwestern Liaoning Province, 17 indexes related to crop physiological, meteorological and socio-economic factors were selected for the model simulation. The vulnerability indexes of maize to drought were calculated using the entropy and comprehensive weight evaluation methods. Four typical drought years (1999, 2000, 2001 and 2006) in Northeastern Liaoning Province were used to verify and test the applicability of the model. The maize vulnerability indexes to drought were divided into 5 grades on which basis maize vulnerability zone maps were isolated in GIS environment for typical drought years. The results showed that the areas with high drought vulnerability were mainly concentrated around Fuxin, Chaoyang and Huludao Counties. The areas with high vulnerability displayed a temporal regular pattern of 2006 > 1999 > 2001 > 2000. The level of drought vulnerability in 2006 was the highest, and had the most extensive impact area due to the precipitation anomaly in the growing season of that year. Regression analysis of maize vulnerability indexes to drought in the four typical drought years and maize yield loss was also conducted. The analysis showed a basic agreement among the factors for F test of significant at α=0.05. This indicated that it was reasonable to evaluate and predict the maize vulnerability to drought using the established model in the region. The model could be used to evaluate and predict maize vulnerability to drought, drought disaster risk and maize yield loss caused by drought. The results of this study strengthened further basis for local agricultural drought risk assessment and early warning.%本文基于IPCC(Intergovemmental Panel on Climate Change)报告中对气候变化背景下脆

  7. Insecticidal resistance of Musca domestica in urban areas of Liaoning%辽宁省4市城区家蝇抗药性调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李志; 白玉银; 李鑫; 邢丽; 贾吉中; 王陆玲; 刘晓鹏; 王忠利

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解辽宁省不同市区家蝇抗药性状况,为科学地使用杀虫剂提供依据.方法 采用点滴法.用微量点滴器,将丙酮配制的试验药剂,点滴于家蝇中胸背板进行测试.结果 辽宁省抚顺、本溪、辽阳、鞍山市的家蝇对4种常用杀虫剂均产生了不同程度的抗药性,以溴氰菊酯的抗性最为突出,4市家蝇对该杀虫剂的平均抗性系数为61.60倍,对残杀威的抗药性次之,平均抗性系数为22.65倍,对高效氯氰菊酯和敌敌畏的平均抗性系数分别为8.71和4.72倍.结论 应采取科学的方法使用杀虫剂,有效控制家蝇的抗药性增长.%Objective To determine the insecticidal resistance of Musca domestica in urban areas of Liaoning in order to provide the basis for scientific administration of insecticides in fly control.Methods Topical application of insecticides solved in acetone was made to the mesonotum of M.domestica.Results Different degrees of resistance of M.domestica to four commonly used insecticides were observed in Fushun, Benxi, Liaoyang, Anshan city of Liaoning.The resistance to deltamethrin was the highest, with the average resistance coefficient of 61.60, followed by the resistance to propoxur with an average resistance coefficient of 22.65.The average resistance coefficients to alpha-cypermethrin and dichlorvos were 8.71 and 4.72, respectively.Conclusion Insecticides should be applied scientifically to effectively curb the increase in insecticidal resistance ofM.domestica.

  8. Image city

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2003-01-01

    Image city exhibition explores a condition of mediation, through a focus on image and sound narratives with a point of departure on a number of Asian cities.......Image city exhibition explores a condition of mediation, through a focus on image and sound narratives with a point of departure on a number of Asian cities....

  9. Analysis of urbanization spatial evolution characters based on GIS in Liaoning province%基于GIS的辽宁省城镇化空间演变特征分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘锴; 李丹丹

    2014-01-01

    城镇化空间演变特征的分析是研究区域城镇化发展的关键。在梳理相关研究成果和研究方法的基础上,采用多维度综合评估、GIS技术空间分析的方法,选取人口、产业、用地、教育、居民服务5个指标,探讨辽宁省城镇化空间演变特点,以及5个指标间的协调关系。通过对辽宁省的实证研究发现,人口、产业、教育、用地、居民服务的城镇化指标值在空间演变方面既有相同点又存在差异性。高值区主要分布在沈阳、大连及其周边城市,而辽西北地区各项指标值一直处在较低的水平,城镇化地区发展不均衡,两极分化严重;随着城镇化速度加快,各要素在发展变化过程中的冲突与矛盾增多,指标间表现不协调。%T he analysis of urbanization spatial evolution characters is the key to study the development of regional urbanization .On the basis of combing relevant research results and their methods ,Using the methods of multi-dimensional comprehensive evaluation and GIS spatial analysis and selecting five indicators about the population ,industry ,land ,education and resident services ,it is explored that the features of urbanization spatial evolution in Liaoning province ,and the coordination of relationship between five indicators .Through the empirical research in Liaoning province ,we find that there are both similarities and differences for the five indexes in the aspect of spatial evolution .High value are-as are mainly distributed in Shenyang ,Dalian and its surrounding cities .However ,the northwestern Liaoning of the various indexes value have been in a lower level ,the regional development of urbani-zation is unbalanced ,Polarization is serious ;With the accelerating pace of urbanizaton ,the elements of conflict and contradiction in the process of development and change is increasing ,and there are lack of coordination between the indicators .

  10. Research on Space-time Differences and Effect Factors of Tourism Economy in Liaoning Province%辽宁省旅游经济时空差异及影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王蕾; 刘兴双

    2014-01-01

    区域经济与旅游业彼此构成耦合发展的交互体,其发展普遍存在着一种时空差异。利用加权变异系数、Gini系数和Theil指数分析了辽宁省14个城市2001-2012年旅游经济时空差异及其演变,并从辽中地区、辽东半岛和辽西走廊分区角度对区域内、区域间的旅游经济差异进行了分解。从时间角度,辽宁旅游经济差异逐渐减小,国际、国内旅游分异明显;从空间角度,辽宁省区域内较区域间差异显著,市际旅游迅猛发展;在此基础上,从旅游资源禀赋、区域经济发展水平、交通可达性三方面对辽宁旅游经济时空差异的影响因素进行分析,并提出发展展望。%Regional economy and tourism constitute the interaction body for the development of each one, and it has the difference of space and time in their development. In this paper, weighted variable coefficient, Gini coefficient, Theil index and related data from 2001 to 2012 were applied to analyze the difference in space and time of tourism economy in 14 cities in Liaoning province. And this paper decomposing Liaozhong region, the Liaodong peninsula and Liaoxi corridor of the tourism economy through the perspective of sub regional. From the perspective of space, the difference between domestic and international tourism is significance and Liaoning tourism economy is gradually narrowed down;From the perspective of time, the difference among internal structures of Liaoning province is remarkable, and interurban tourism develop rapidly. Based on the above research, the author analyses impact factors in the difference of space and time in tourism resource endowments, regional economic development levels, transport accessibility and put forward some development expectation accordingly.

  11. Histological observation of some primitive euconodonts of Late Cambrian from Liaoning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GUO Wei; DONG Xiping; ZENG Xiaochun; ZHAO Le

    2005-01-01

    The histology of some euconodonts of Late Cambrian from Benxi and Fuxian County, Liaoning Province is studied by the oil-immersion technique. The histological characteristics of six primitive species of euconodonts - Proconodontus muelleri, Proconodontus tenuiserratus, Granatodontus ani, Rotundoconus tricarinatus, Teridontus nakamurai and Cordylodus proavus are describedin detail. Tubular dentine and atubular (parallel- and wavy-lamellar) dentine are found in the basal bodies of the primitive euconodonts Proconodontus tenuiserratus and Proconodontus muelleri, respectively. The tubular dentine and spherulitic dentine are also recognized from the basal bodies of Granatodontus ani and Rotundoconus tricarinatus. Since the histological characteristics of the studied six species of euconodonts belonging to Proconodontus lineage and Teridontus lineage Sensu Miller (Univ Kansas Paleontol Contr, 1980, 99: 1-39)seems to be almost the same, euconodonts are proposed as possibly monophyletic herein.

  12. New fossil eccoptarthrids (Coleoptera: Curculionoidea) from the Yixian Formation of western Liaoning, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    One new genus and three new species of the weevil family Eccoptarthridae (Curculionoidea), Leptocar polychaetus gen. et sp. nov., Abrocar macilentus sp. nov., Cretonanophyes punctatus sp. nov., are described and illustrated. They pertain to the Upper Jurassic or Lower Cretaceous Yixian Formation of western Liaoning Province, China. The host plants to the living eccoptarthrids and the floras in Yixian Formation indicate that those archaic eccoptarthrids possibly lived on conifers with a phylogenetic closeness to Cupressaceae. Besides, the early diversification of eccoptarthrids is discussed: origi- nated in Central or East Asia in the Late Jurassic, spread into Western Europe and South America during the Early Cretaceous, underwent a dramatic decline after the Early Cretaceous which likely was caused by competitive pressure and the displacement of their host plants.

  13. A New Troodontid (Theropoda:Troodontidae) from the Lower Cretaceous Yixian Formation of Western Liaoning, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU Xing; WANG Xiaolin

    2004-01-01

    A specimen collected from the Lower Cretaceous Yixian Formation of western Liaoning, China, represents a new genus and species of troodontid theropod. The new taxon is named and described on the basis of the holotype and the only known specimen, which comprises an articulated skeleton with the presacral vertebral, shoulder girdle and forelimbs missing as preserved. Diagnostic features of the new species include nasals that are sinusoid in lateral view, absence of a passage connecting the antorbital and maxillary fenestrae, relatively large teeth, plate-like chevrons forming a band along most of the length of the tail, and a long neck between the femoral head and shaft. The temporal constraints of the three paravian groups (Troodontidae, Dromaeosauridae and Aves) combined with the character distributions among the earliest known troodontids indicate a rapid evolution at the base of the Troodontidae.

  14. Wetland Purification Pattern for Surface Runoff Pollution of Coastal Highway in Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yanbo; ZHAO; Wenzhi; YAN; Hongwei; YAN

    2015-01-01

    Taking surface runoff of Coastal Highway in Liaoning Province as research object,this paper analyzed water quality characteristics of runoff and flow rules of pollutants. It proposed using constructed wetland treatment technique in the drainage system from the perspective of effectively removing major pollutants. Using the constructed wetland k- C* model and relevant experience,parameters of constructed wetland can be obtained. The basic model is as follows: constructed wetland lies in two sides of the road,and surface runoff sewage is collected and treated separately with 1 km road section as the collection unit. The wetland area in one side is 191. 6 m2,average water depth is 0. 5 m,wetland width is 8 m,and wetland length is 24 m.

  15. A new family of primitive mammal from the Mesozoic of western Liaoning, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    A fairly well-preserved specimen of a new primitive mammal, Repenomamus robustus gen. et sp. nov., has been described from the Yixian Formation (Lower Cretaceous), western Liaoning, China. This animal has several derived characteristics, such as well-developed dentary/squamosal articulation, reduced number of tooth, differentiation of premolars and molars in postcanine teeth, presence of a dorsal process of the premaxilla that is not in contact with the nasal, closed medial wall of the orbit, and presence of fingerlike promontorium on the petrosal. It also retains some primitive reptile-like features. It is the most primitive taxon among the three mammals known from the Jehol Biota, and also represents the largest mammal of Mesozoic age over the world.

  16. A new Early Cretaceous lizard with well-preserved scale impressions from western Liaoning, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JI Shu'an

    2005-01-01

    A new small lizard, Liaoningolacerta brevirostra gen. et sp. nov., from the Early Cretaceous Yixian Formation of western Liaoning is described in detail. The new specimen was preserved not only by the skeleton, but also by the exceptionally clear scale impressions. This lizard can be included within the taxon Scleroglossa based on its 26 or more presacrals, cruciform interclavicle with a large anterior process, moderately elongated pubis, and slightly notched distal end of tibia. The scales vary evidently in size and shape at different parts of body: small and rhomboid ventral scales, tiny and round limb scales, and large and longitudinally rectangular caudal scales that constitute the caudal whorls. This new finding provides us with more information on the lepidosis of the Mesozoic lizards.

  17. [Raman spectra and its application of graphite enclaves in nephrite-jades in Xiuyan, Liaoning].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qiu, Zhi-li; Jiang, Qi-yun; Luo, Han; Qin, She-cai; Li, Liu-fen

    2010-11-01

    Xiuyan, Liaoning was an important locality of jade material of the Red Mountain Culture in the Neolithic Age in Chinese history where there are two types of raw material of nephrite jades, namely gravel nephrite jade (Hemo Yu in Chinese) and old nephrite jade (Lao Yu in Chinese). In the present paper, Laser Raman spectrum technique was applied to analyze the graphite enclaves in the nephrite jades of the two types of materials. The results show that the graphite enclaves in the two types of jades have different characteristics of Raman spectra, indicating that they probably were formed under different geological conditions, or originated from different ore-forming periods or were exploited from different section of ore body. Hence, laser Raman spectrum technique could be used as a supplementary measure for nondestructive detection to determine the occurrence of jades.

  18. The strategy of ecosystem construction in Huanren Manchu Autonomous County, Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wu Nansheng; Chen Jiancheng; Zhai Mingpu

    2006-01-01

    The common topic the mankind faces in the 21st century is to strengthen the ecosystem construction and support the ecological security.It is also the needs of establishing socialist harmonious society in China. It is an arduous systemaatic project in ethnic group regions of China to realize the economic and social sustainable development, promote the harmony between man and nature and realize the coordination among the economic development, population, natural resources and environment. To develop ecosystem construction and the green industry well is the basic path to realize the above goals. Huanren Manchu Autonomous County in Liaoning Province is abundant in forests, especially local products, medicinal materials, tourism resources, water resources and culture resources. In order to develop its ecosystem construction, the strategies should be focused on enhancing protection consciousness, brand consciousness, science and technology consciousness and market consciousness. The ultimate purpose is to create the top-ranking ecosystem environment, industry system, policy system and district civilization.

  19. Postcranial Anatomy of the Mesozoic Dalinghosaurus (Squamata):Evidence from a New Specimen of Western Liaoning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JI Shu'an; JI Qiang

    2004-01-01

    The postcranial skeleton of a new specimen of the long-tailed lizard Dalinghosaurus longidigitus was excavated from the Yixian Formation in Lingyuan, western Liaoning. The new specimen provides more anatomical information about this species, especially about the anterior dorsal vertebrae, shoulder girdle and forelimbs. This lizard can be included within the clade Scleroglossa by its 27 or more presacrals, moderately long pubis, and gently notched distal end of tibia. But the detailed systematic position for this taxon remains undetermined. The features of the much longer hind limbs and pes compared with forelimbs and manus, metatarsal IV longer than III, pedal phalanges robust, and penultimate phalanx not longer than other phalanges etc. suggest that this lizard was a running and ground swelling animal.

  20. A New Genus and Species of Sapeornithidae from Lower Cretaceous in Western Liaoning, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YUAN Chongxi

    2008-01-01

    Sapeornithidae is a basal pygostylian family of Early Cretaceous primitive birds, in which only one genus and species, Sapeornis chaoyangensis, was reported before. This paper deals with a new genus and species of this family, Didactylornis jii gen. et sp. nov., which was unearthed from the Early Cretaceous Jiufotang Formation in western Liaoning. According to our phylogenetic analyses, both Didactylornis gen. nov. and Sapeornis form a sister group, which is basal to the clade formed by Confuciusornis and all the more derived birds, and more closely related to the short-tailed pygostylian birds than to the long-tailed avialian birds. The early history of pygostylian birds is poorly documented except for the studies of Confuciusornis and Sapeornis. The discovery of Didactylornis jii gen. et sp. nov. adds the new material for the study on the early evolution of birds.

  1. Isolation and identification of arboviruses from mosquito pools in some regions of Liaoning province,China%辽宁省部分地区2006年虫媒病毒分离鉴定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟维珊; 丁俊; 褚发俊; 李志; 张立田; 赵玉军; 梁国栋; 张稷博; 孙肖红; 刘起男; 陈哲; 翟友刚; 付士红; 曹玉玺; 王环宇

    2009-01-01

    Objective To isolate and identify arboviruses from mosquito pools in some regions of Liaoning province.Methods Mosquitoes were collected from Shenyang,Yingkou,Panjin,Jinzhou and Dandong cities of Liaoning province in 2006.Viruses were isolated by inoculating the specimens onto C6/ 36 and BHK-21cells.The new isolates were identified using serological and molecular biological methods.Results 5410 mosquitoes were collected from the five cities in total.Three isolates produced CPE in C6/ 36 cell and five isolates produced CPE in both C6/36 and BI-IK-21 cell.Three isolates (LN0684,LN0688 and LN0689) were identified as Banna virus and one isolate (LN0636) was identified as Getah virus.Phylogenetic analysis showed that the three Banna virus strains were clustered into the same evolution branch as the other Chinese isolates.The identity of nucleotide sequence was between 91.2% and 94.7%,compared with other Banna virus strains.The new isolated Getah virus was clustered into the same branch with the strain of South Korea (swine).The identity of nucleotide sequence was 99.2%,when comparing with the strain of South Korea and was 95% to 99% with the strains fi'om Russia,mainland of China and Taiwan region.Conehmion Eight virus isolates,including three Banna virus,one Getah virus and four unknown virus strains were isolated from mosquitoes in Liaoning province.Banna virus and Getah virus were reported for the first time in Liaoning province,while Getah virus showed the highest nucleotide homology with the South Korea strains.%目的 调查辽宁省虫媒病毒的种类及分布.方法 2006年8月在辽宁省沈阳市、营口市、盘锦市、锦州市和丹东市采集蚊虫标本,利用组织细胞培养分离病毒,对病毒分离物进行血清学和分子生物学鉴定.结果 5个市共采集蚊虫标本5410只,分离到8株阳性分离物,经鉴定其中3株(LN0684、LN0688、LN0689)为版纳病毒,1株(LN0636)为甲病毒属盖塔病毒,另外4株尚在鉴定.新分离

  2. Precious Fossil-Bearing Beds of the Lower Cretaceous Jiufotang Formation in Western Liaoning Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Lijun; YANG Yajun; ZHANG Lidong; GUO Shengzhe; WANG Wuli; ZHENG Shaolin

    2007-01-01

    Based on the subdivision into three members of the Lower Cretaceous Jiufotang Formation in western Liaoning, this paper deals mainly with the division and correlation of precious fossil birdand reptile-bearing beds of the formation in the Dachengzi, Chaoyang, Dapingfang-Meileyingzi and Fuxin-Yixian basins. Among them, the precious fossil-bearing beds in the Dachengzi Basin may be recognized as the Xidagou Bed of the second member and the Yangcaogoudonggou Bed of the third member; those in the Chaoyang Basin may be confirmed as the Shangheshou Bed of the second member and the Dongpochi Bed of the third member; those in the Dapingfang-Meileyingzi Basin are as the Lamagou Bed of the second member, the Huanghuagou Bed of the lower third member and the Yuanjiawa Bed of the upper third member; and those in the Fuxin-Yixian Basin are listed as the Tuanshanzi Bed of the second member and the Pijiagou Bed of the third member. Since these basins are distinctly separated and the bird and reptile fossils are mostly new genera and species, we have to use the associated fossil ostracod assemblages as index to correlate the Xidagou Bed with the Shangheshou Bed and the Lamagou Bed, and to correlate the Yuanjiawa Bed with the Yangcaogoudonggou Bed and the Pijiagou Bed. Primarily, we established the sequence of the precious fossil-bearing beds of the Jiufotang Formation in western Liaoning. They are represented by, in ascending order, the Xidagou Bed of the second member, the Huanghuagou Bed of the lower third member, and the Yuanjiawa Bed of the upper third member. Obviously, this work has significance for the study on the time-space distribution and radiation of birds and dinosaurs during the period of the middle Early Cretaceous.

  3. Emergy Evaluation of the Urban Solid Waste Handling in Liaoning Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lixiao Zhang

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Waste management is a distinct practice aimed at reducing its effects on health and the environment and increasing energy and material recovery. The urban waste management industry has been slow to adopt new technologies, such as sanitary landfills and incineration, which enable better treatment results. The aim of a thorough ecological-economic evaluation of different treatment technologies is to extract the maximum practical benefits from investments and to ensure the minimum environmental impacts of wastes. This paper compares four garbage treatment systems, including sanitary landfills systems, fluidized bed incineration system, grate type incineration system and the current landfills system in Liaoning Province, China. By considering the economic and environmental impacts of waste treatment and disposal, impact of emissions, and contribution of wastes input, this paper constructed an emergy-based urban solid waste model for evaluating the sustainability of the holistic systems. The results in Liaoning indicate that the human health losses caused by the harmful air emissions are ranked in this order: fluidized bed incineration > grate type incineration > current landfills > sanitary landfills, while the ecosystem losses are ranked: grate type incineration > fluidized bed incineration > sanitary landfills > current landfills. The electricity yield ratios are ranked: grate type incineration > fluidized bed incineration > sanitary landfills > current landfills. Taken together this suggests that in considering the incineration option, decision makers must weigh the benefits of incineration against the significant operating costs, potential environmental impacts, and technical difficulties of operating. Emergy analysis of the urban solid treatment systems can provide a set of useful tools which can be used to compare the comprehensive performances of different waste treatment processes for decision-making and optimizing the whole process.

  4. [Study on XRD and infrared spectroscopy of nephrites from Xinjiang and Xiuyan, Liaoning].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Quan-Li; Bao, De-Qing; Yin, Zuo-Wei

    2013-11-01

    The nephrite species with different colors from Xinjiang and Xiuyan, Liaoning, including gray nephrite, yellow nephrite, white nephrite, jasper and He-Mo nephrite, a special nephrite from Xiuyan, were selected for the present study. The gemological testing method, infrared absorption spectroscopy and X-ray powder diffraction were used to analyze and compare the gemological characteristics of the nephrite with different colors and textures from the above localities, in order to understand the similarities and differences between these nephrites with similar colors but different origin, and provide a theoretical basis for the identification of the nephrite origin. The results show that the nephrites from Xinjiang and Xiuyan, Liaoning province have similar gemological properties. They have similar refractive index of 1.60-1.62 and density of 2.660-3.020 g x cm(-3), and only the density has some differences with different colors. The fluorescence.characteristics are not obvious in these nephrites. The major constituent minerals for these nephrites are tremolite, and small amounts of clay minerals such as chlorite and illite are found in the jasper from Xinjiang. Based on the X-ray powder diffraction analysis on the different types of nephrite from two localities, it was shown that the character of spectra peaks and diffraction intensity of different types of nephrite can reflect the texture of the nephrite and the size of crystalline particles to some extent. The infrared absorption spectra are similar for the nephrites from two localities. The infrared absorption spectrum does not make sense to identify the origin and species of nephrites.

  5. Dongbeititan dongi, the First Sauropod Dinosaur from the Lower Cretaceous Jehol Group of Western Liaoning Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    We herein describe a partial postcranial skeleton of a sauropod dinosaur recovered from the Lower Cretaceous Jehol Group in the Beipiao area of western Liaoning Province, northeastern China.A suite of features it possesses, including the camellate internal structure of its presacral elements, the existence of pneumatocoels on the proximal ends of the dorsal ribs, and especially the medially deflected proximal portion of the femur, definitively establish the titanosauriform affinities of the specimen. It differs from other titanosauriforms in having a craniocaudally elongate coracoid with a squared cranioventral extreme and a long, smooth, and slightly convex acetabular edge of the pubis. It represents a new taxon, Dongbeititan dongi gen. et sp. nov. Comparative studies suggest that Dongbeititan is a basal titanosauriform, more derived than Euhelopus, Fusuisaurus, and Huanghetitan,but less derived than Gobititan and Jiutaisaurus. Dongbeititan represents the first sauropod dinosaur reported from the Lower Cretaceous Jehol Group of western Liaoning Province.

  6. An Adult Specimen of Hongshanosaurus houi (Dinosauria: Psittacosauridae) from the Lower Cretaceous of Western Liaoning Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YOU Hailu; XU Xing

    2005-01-01

    A new specimen consisting of a complete skull and lower jaw was discovered from the Lujiatun bed of the Lower Cretaceous Yixian Formation in the Lujiatun site, Beipiao, western Liaoning Province. It represents an adult specimen of Hongshanosaurus houi. Comparative studies show that Hongshanosaurus is distinguishable from its sister taxon Psittacosaurus by having the preorbital portion about half of the basal skull length, and the elliptical external naris,orbit, and a lower temporal fenestra oriented caudodorsally.

  7. 世纪之交的辽宁考古%A Discussion of Liaoning Archaeology at the Turn of the Century

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭大顺

    2001-01-01

    As an important area of the development of ancient Northeast China culture and theforward zone of the Northeast' s contact with the Central Plains, Liaoning archaeology was begun inthe early 20th century, with the excavation of the Shaguotun cave-site, Jinxi, launching in June 1921.Since 1949, especially in the last two decades, Liaoning archaeology has rapidly advanced. Newachievements have constantly obtained in the establishment of regiono-systematic types of archaeologicalcultures, the revelation of the Liaohe River civilization and its position and role in the Northeast and evenwhole Chinese civilization, the study of the development of multi-national culture in the Bronze and earlyIron ages, the inquiry into the evolution of local ethnic cultures, and the research on the relationship ofthis region with ancient Northeast Asian cultures. In the new century, we should strengthen basic workwith characteristics of our age, and on this basis strive to be in the forward position of Liaoning andNortheast archaeological researches, further the deepening and concretization of archaeological theories,and realize the scientization and popularization of archaeology.

  8. Beer City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Shandong Province’s Qingdao is becoming China’s great beer city sicenically located on a peninsula over-looking the Pacific Ocean, Qingdao, |or Tsingtao, is a coastal city soaked in two kinds of foam. One floats in

  9. Sin City?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svarer, Michael; Gautier, Pieter A.; Teulings, Coen n.

    , the ones who stay in the city have significant higher divorce rates. Similarly, for the couples who married outside the city, the ones who move to the city are more likely to divorce. This correlation can be explained by both a causal and a sorting effect. We disentangle them by using the timing...

  10. A New Female Cone, Araucaria beipoiaoensis sp. nov. from the Middle Jurassic Tiaojishan Formation, Beipiao, Western Liaoning, China and Its Evolutionary Significance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHENG Shaolin; ZHANG Lidong; ZHANG Wu; YANG Yajun

    2008-01-01

    A new species of Araucaria, Araucaria beipiaoensis sp. nov., collected from the Middle Jurassic Tiaojishan Formation, southern hill of Shebudai village, near Beipiao city, western Liaoning is based on a permineralized female cone, which is ovate to elliptical in shape, about 11 cm×7 cm ×4.5 cm in size. The cone bears rhomboid bracts that are spirally attached, texture thicker, with wings on both sides, with a detached lamina-like apex at the tip. In inner structure the ovuliferous scales are thicker and fused with bracts at the end with a ligular sulcus. There is one wingless ovule/seed per seed-scale complex embedded in the ovuliferous scale tissue, with the micropyle directed toward the cone axis. The ovules/seeds are long ovate or elliptical in shape, I cm long and near the base about 3 mm in diameter; the ovule/seed integuments have begun differentiation into 3 layers: the sarcotesta,sclerotesta, and endotesta. The nucellus is free from the enclosing integuments except in the chalazal region where it is fused to the inner layer (endotesta) of integument. Some ovules show cellularized nucellar tissue. Mature seeds exhibit the papery-thin wavy nucellus characteristically near to the micropyle. The embryonic tissue appears to be four cotyledons. The morphology and structure of the cone shows a close relationship to the araucarian cones of fossil and living genera but differs from any known species. The new species is distributed in the Middle Jurassic of the northern hemisphere, especially Asia, and has important significance for the evolution of the Family Araucariaceae.

  11. City PLANTastic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    The city is going green. From New York to Copenhagen vegetables are enthusiastically planted on city squares, and buildings are turning green everywhere . The word “plant” is on everyone’s lips, reflecting a growing desire to solve ecological, technical and social challenges in the city. Hovever,...... and urbanism, who reflect upon the multiple roles of plants in the future city through their most recent projects. The theme for the 2012 World in Denmark conference is City PLANTastic, which will also be explored by researchers through their works....

  12. Current Knowledge of Mesozoic Coleoptera from Daohugou and Liaoning (Northeast China)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Alexander G.KIREJTSHUK; Alexander G.PONOMARENKO; Alexander A.PROKIN; CHANG Huali; Georgy V.NIKOLAJEV; REN Dang

    2010-01-01

    The present paper is devoted to an overview on fossil Coleoptera studied from Inner Mongolia,Daohugou (Middle Jurassic,Jiulongshan Formation) and Liaoning (Upper Jurassic-Lower Cretaceous,Yixian Formation) deposited in Chinese collections.As a result,species of the tribe Sperchopsini and Hydrophilini from Hydrophilidae,families and subfamilies Silphidae,Syndesinae from Lucanidae,Pleocomidae,Trogidae,Trogissitidae,Pyrochroidae,Diaperinae from Tenebrionidae,and Cerambycidae were first registered in the Mesozoic and some families were defined as new.It was shown that many superfamilies represented in the Recent Fauna were formed within the Middle Jurassic and Lower Cretaceous.The materials examined confirm the hypothesis that Cucujiformian beetles are a younger group than other infraordera of Polyphaga (Staphyliniformia and Elateriformia) and,therefore,they appeared in the fossil record only in the late Mesozoic.It was shown and confirmed that most superfamilies appeared in the fossil records before Cucujoidea.The synonymy of Notocupes Ponomarenko,1964;Sinocupes Lin,1976,syn.nov.;Amblomma Tan,Ren et Liu 2005,syn.nov.;Euryomma Tan,Ren et Shih,2006,syn.nov.,non Stein,1899 and Ovatocupes Tan et Ren,2006,syn.nov.;synonymy of Tetraphalerus Waterhouse,1901 and Odontomma Tan,Ren et Ge 2006,syn.nov.;and synonymy of Priacmopsis Ponomarenko,1966 and Latocupes Tan et Ren,2006,syn.nov.are proposed.Sinorhombocoleus papposus Tan et Ren,2009 is transferred from the family Rhombocoleidae to Schizophoridae.Cervicatinius complanus Tan,Ren et Shih,2007 and Forticatinius elegans Tan,Ren et Shih,2007 are transferred from the family Catiniidae (suborder Archostemata) to superfamily Cleroidea (suborder Polyphaga:first among the family Peltidae and second as a closely related group to the latter family).The family Parandrexidae is transferred from the superfamily Cucujoidea to Cieroidea.The ecological circumstances of the past ecosystems and hypotheses of historical development of the order

  13. Discovery of a pterodactylid pterosaur from the Yixian Formation of western Liaoning, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    A well-preserved pterosaur with nearly complete skull is described from the Lower Cretaceous Yixian Formation at Sihetun in western Liaoning. It is characterized by a low and long crestless skull, slender and pointed teeth, long metacarpal, nearly equal length of metatarsals Ⅰ-Ⅲ and short pedal digit Ⅴ. It is referred to a new genus and species of the family Pterodactylidae: Haopterus gracilis gen. et sp. nov. This is the first pterosaur with a nearly complete skull from the Jehol Biota; it also represents the first non-controversial fossil record of Pterodactylidae in Asia. Haopterus is more derived than Pterodactylus from the Late Jurassic Solnhofen in Germany. This discovery extends the distribution of the family Pterodactylidae from Europe and Africa to Asia and its latest occurrence from the Late Juras-sic to the Early Cretaceous. The discovery of Haopterus gracilis provides further evidence for the study of the origin and radiation of the Jehol Biota; it also sheds new light on the evolution and distribution of pterosaurs in the late Meso-zoic.

  14. [Canopy conductance characteristics of poplar in agroforestry system in west Liaoning Province of Northeast China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Zheng; Niu, Li-Hua; Yuan, Feng-Hui; Guan, De-Xin; Wang, An-Zhi; Jin, Chang-Jie; Wu, Jia-Bing

    2012-11-01

    By using Granier' s thermal dissipation probe, the sap flow of poplar in a poplar-maize agroforestry system in west Liaoning was continuously measured, and as well, the environmental factors such as air temperature, air humidity, net radiation, wind speed, soil temperature, and soil moisture content were synchronically measured. Based on the sap flow data, the canopy conductance of poplar was calculated with simplified Penman-Monteith equation. In the study area, the diurnal variation of poplar' s canopy conductance showed a "single peak" curve, whereas the seasonal variation showed a decreasing trend. There was a negative logarithm relationship between the canopy conductance and vapor pressure deficit, with the sensitivity of canopy conductance to vapor pressure deficit change decreased gradually from May to September. The canopy conductance had a positive relationship with solar radiation. In different months, the correlation degree of canopy conductance with environmental factors differed. The vapor pressure deficit in the whole growth period of poplar was the most significant environmental factor correlated with the canopy conductance.

  15. CL and FTIR analysis on the diamonds in Wafangdian,Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    The CL images show that the internal structures of the diamonds in Wafangdian, Liaoning Province is classified as three types: simple growth girdle zone, multi-stage growth complex girdle zone, and rare agate-like structure. These internal features reflect the complexity of growth processes of the diamonds. The FTIR analyses in micro area on diamond plates reveal the heterogeneity of the impurities of nitrogen and hydrogen. The variety of nitrogen contents and nitrogen aggregation states have been revealed not only in different diamonds from one kimberlite pipe but also in different zones of one diamond. The extent of conversion A defects to the aggregated B form is a function of the nitrogen aggregation temperature (TNA), mantle residence time (tMR), and nitrogen concentration of diamond. The interval of 0.6-0.7Ga from core to rim of diamond growth is obtained by using the FTIR curves and some geological data. The long period of diamond growth is identical with the feature in CL image.

  16. New ommatids from the Late Jurassic of western Liaoning, China (Coleoptera: Archostemata)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JING-JINGTAN; DONGREN; MINGLIU

    2005-01-01

    A new genus Amblomma gen. nov. of fossil beetles is erected and can be assignedto the family Ommatidae because its two procoxal cavities are contiguous and the articulations of the abdominal ventrites are abutting. The new genus is similar to Zygadenia Handlirsch, 1906 (=Notocupes Ponomarenko, 1964), Tetraphalerus Waterhouse, 1901,Rhobdocupes Ponomarenko, 1966 and Sinocupes Lin, 1976, but can be distinguished from other genera according to the following characters: the second segment of antennae is shorterthan the third one in length; the posterior tarsi with the basal segment is obviously shorter than the three following taken together in length; the antennae reach the posterior ridge of prothroax in length, and the sides of the prothroax with serrulate margin. Four new species of the new genus are described and figured: Amblomma psilata gen. et sp. nov., Amblomma rudis gen. et sp. nov., Amblomma epicharis gen. et sp. nov., and Amblomma stabilis gen. etsp. nov. A key to species within this new genus is provided. All the specimens are collected from the Late Jurassic Yixian Formation of western Liaoning and are now housed in the College of Life Science, Capital Normal University, Beijing, China.

  17. Osteology and taxonomic revision of Hyphalosaurus (Diapsida: Choristodera) from the Lower Cretaceous of Liaoning, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Ke-Qin; Ksepka, Daniel T

    2008-06-01

    Although the long-necked choristodere Hyphalosaurus is the most abundant tetrapod fossil in the renowned Yixian Formation fossil beds of Liaoning Province, China, the genus has only been briefly described from largely unprepared specimens. This paper provides a thorough osteological description of the type species Hyphalosaurus lingyuanensis and the con-generic species Hyphalosaurus baitaigouensis based on the study of fossils from several research institutions in China. The diagnoses for these two species are revised based on comparison of a large sample of specimens from the type area and horizon of each of the two species. The skull, better known in H. baitaigouensis, exhibits key choristodere synapomorphies including an elongate contact between the prefrontals and posteriorly expanded supratemporal fenestrae that strongly support the placement of the highly derived hyphalosaurids within Choristodera. Both species of Hyphalosaurus share a proportionally small head, an elongate neck, a relatively unspecialized appendicular skeleton and a long, dorsoventrally heightened tail. Soft tissue preservation in several specimens provides rare insight into the integument of an extinct group. The integument of Hyphalosaurus is made up of small polygonal scales with several parasagittal rows of large, keeled, ovoid scutes. These possibly ornamental scutes bear a strong resemblance to the rows of large scutes in the monjurosuchid choristodere Monjurosuchus splendens. Observations from a variety of growth stages reveal that significant ontogenetic change in the proportions of the body and limb bones occurred in both species of Hyphalosaurus.

  18. Crust structure beneath Jilin Province and Liaoning Province in China based on seismic ambient noise tomography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pang, Guanghua; Feng, Jikun; Lin, Jun

    2016-11-01

    We imaged the crust structure beneath Jilin Province and Liaoning Province in China with fundamental mode Rayleigh waves recorded by 60 broadband stations deployed in the region. Surface-wave empirical Green's functions were retrieved from cross-correlations of inter-station data and phase velocity dispersions were measured using a frequency-time analysis method. Dispersion measurements were then utilized to construct 2D phase velocity maps for periods between 5 and 35 s. Subsequently, the phase-dispersion curves extracted from each cell of the 2D phase velocity maps were inverted to determine the 3D shear wave velocity structures of the crust. The phase velocity maps at different periods reflected the average velocity structures corresponding to different depth ranges. The maps in short periods, in particular, were in excellent agreement with known geological features of the surface. In addition to imaging shear wave velocity structures of the volcanoes, we show that obvious low-velocity anomalies imaged in the Changbaishan-Tianchi Volcano, the Longgang-Jinlongdingzi Volcano, and the system of the Dunmi Fault crossing the Jingbohu Volcano, all of which may be due to geothermal anomalies.

  19. Exploring a Novel Agricultural Subsidy Model with Sustainable Development: A Chinese Agribusiness in Liaoning Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Cui

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available To improve the incomes of farmers in China, the Chinese government is paying increased attention to the reform of its agricultural subsidy policy. However, the effectiveness of the subsidy remains insufficient and thus fails to encourage farmers to cultivate their land and develop sustainability. Thus, there is a need for a novel model that will improve the effectiveness and efficiency of subsidies. The proposed novel agricultural subsidy model comprises four major actors: farmers, specialized farmers’ cooperatives, agribusiness and government. Furthermore, the subsidy in this novel model would no longer go directly to farmers but to the agribusiness. To develop the model, the empirical data for this study are obtained from a Chinese agribusiness in Liaoning Province that was selected as a benchmark. With this novel model, farmers receive triple rebates: the price received when the rice is initially sold; a share of the profits of the specialized farmers’ cooperatives; and a share of the profits of the agribusiness. Accordingly, exploring the optimal subsidy rate for agribusinesses is the critical task of this study, and the results demonstrate that agribusinesses must use the government subsidy policy as the basis for a dynamic subsidy model that ensures the income of farmers and encourages sustainable development.

  20. New Material of Pterosaur Sinopterus (Reptilia: Pterosauria) from the Early Cretaceous Jiufotang Formation, Western Liaoning, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    L(U) Junchang; LIU Jinyuan; WANG Xuri; GAO Chunling; MENG Qingjin; JI Qiang

    2006-01-01

    Based on a new nearly complete postcranial skeleton of an adult specimen of Sinopterus from the Early Cretaceous Jiufotang Formation of western Liaoning, China, the diagnosis of Sinopterus is amended. The revised diagnosis of Sinopterus includes skull relatively elongate with weakly developed cranial crest; ratio of the length of Ph2d4 to that of Ph1d4 is approximately 0.73; ratio of the length of wing metacarpal to that of metatarsal 3 is 4.5; ratio of the length of mt3 to that of tibia is approximately 0.21, and wing phalanges 1 and 2 are straight. Comparison between the ratios of the limb bones between non-adult and adult individuals of Sinopterus indicates that during the ontogenetic process,some ratios between bones are constant, such as the first wing phalanx to the second wing phalanx, the wing metacarpal to the metatarsal 3, metatarsal 3 to the tibia, but others are not, such as humerus to wing metacarpal and femur to tibia, in which the former grows faster than the latter.

  1. Paleomagnetic data from Early Cretaceous volcanic rocks of West Liaoning:Evidence for intracontinental rotation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Detailed rock magnetic studies of 55 lavas from Yixian and Fuxin area, West Liaoning, show the primary carriers of remanence to be pseudo-single domain titanomagnetite. K/Ar dating indicates that the volcanic sequence spans 93 to 133 Ma. Stepwise thermal demagnetization successfully isolated well-defined characteristic magnetization (ChRM) in all lavas thermal-treated above 250℃. The mean paleodirections are D/I = 5.9°/58.8° (α95 = 2.9°) and D/I =179.2°/-59.9° (α95 = 5.2°) for 27 normally magnetized flows and 28 reversibly magnetized flows, respectively. It indicates that since the Early Cretaceous there is no significant horizontal movement and rotation between the Yixian-Fuxin area and Eurasia. However, Korea Peninsula may have undergone a clockwise rotation of 33.9° relative to the Yixian-Fuxin area during the Cretaceous. On the basis of characteristics of hotspot origins (core-mantle boundary or upper mantle), the clockwise rotation of Korea Peninsula relative to Eurasia is assumed to be mainly caused by an extensional force in the crust of eastern China, which was corresponding to intensive surface volcanic activities in this area.

  2. Shear-wave splitting before and after the 1999 Xiuyan earthquake in Liaoning, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TAI Ling-xue; GAO Yuan; CAO Feng-juan; SHI Yu-tao; WU Jing; JIAO Ming-ruo

    2008-01-01

    Using seismic waveform data recorded at station YK (Yingkou) of Liaoning Telemetry Digital Seismic Network, this paper studied the characteristics of shear-wave splitting before and after the Xiuyan Ms5.9 (M15.3) earthquake in November 29, 1999 with SAM method. The results show that the predominant polarizations of fast shear-waves at YK is in direction of ENE-WSW, consistent with the direction of regional principal compressive stress and also consistent with the direction of the regional tectonic stress field in North China; time-delays increasing before Xiuyan earthquake may shows accumulation of stress before earthquake. The predominant polarizations of fast shear-waves at YK are also related to the spatial distribution of small earthquakes and correlate with the fault strike. The histogram of monthly average polarizations of fast shear-waves shows that polarizations of fast shear-waves also seems to change from two months before the earthquake, but it still needs more data for verification.

  3. Microorganisms Linked to Neoproterozoic Microspar Carbonate Sedimentation in the Jilin-Liaoning Area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GE Ming; KUANG Hongwei; MENG Xianghua; George FURNISS

    2004-01-01

    Molar-tooth carbonate refers to a sort of rock that has ptygmatical folded structure comparable to the ivory. This kind of carbonate exists in a special time range (from Middle to Neoproterozoic). Its origin and the possibility to use it in stratigraphic correlation of the paleocontinent is the key task of the IGCP447, a project on Proterozoic molar tooth carbonates and the evolution of the earth (2001-2005). The importance lies in that the molar-tooth structure is the key to solving problems related to Precambrian biological and global geochemical events. The molar-tooth structure is associated with microorganisms.Development and recession of such carbonates have relations with the evolution process of early lives and abrupt changes in sea carbonate geochemistry. In recent years, based on researches on petrology,geochemistry and Sr isotope of molar-tooth carbonate in the Jilin-Liaoning and Xuzhou-Huaiyang area, the authors hold that it can be used as a marker for stratigraphic sequence and sedimentary facies analyses.

  4. Histologic Examination of an Assemblage of Psittacosaurus (Dinosauria: Ceratopsia) Juveniles From the Yixian Formation (Liaoning, China).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bo, Zhao; Hedrick, Brandon P; Chunling, Gao; Tumarkin-Deratzian, Allison R; Fengjiao, Zhang; Caizhi, Shen; Dodson, Peter

    2016-05-01

    Psittacosaurus is one of the most abundant dinosaurs known, which allows for extensive study of its growth and form. Previous studies have evaluated growth trajectories of Psittacosaurus using bone histology. However, we present the first study of Psittacosaurus comparative juvenile histology and describe the histology of Psittacosaurus within its first year of life based on multiple sections taken from an exquisite monospecific assemblage of juveniles from the Yixian Formation in Liaoning, China. Specimens studied had femur lengths ranging from 30 to 36 mm. The five juveniles examined all have similar histologic patterns in the midshaft and epiphyseal regions showing that there is limited plasticity in bone development in juvenile Psittacosaurus and that all of the specimens in the assemblage were likely the same age. The microstructure patterns are compatible with the hypothesis that Psittacosaurus was precocial and that these juveniles were neonates. Based on comparisons with other juvenile ornithischians, juvenile Psittacosaurus had a growth rate similar to Orodromeus, slower than that of Maiasaura, Dysalotosaurus, or hadrosaurs consistent with small body size. Our results support previous studies that demonstrated that the orientation of vascular canals is likely not solely reflective of growth rate, but is also affected by underlying biomechanical, structural processes. The number of studies done on theropod and sauropodomorph histology dwarfs those of ornithischians. More studies of ornithischian histology are necessary in order to better establish phylogenetic trends in microstructure and to learn more about growth in this important clade.

  5. Male spike strobiles with Gnetum affinity from the Early Cretaceous in western Liaoning, Northeast China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shuang-Xing GUO; Jin-Geng SHA; Li-Zeng BIAN; Yin-Long QIU

    2009-01-01

    A fossil with Gnetum affinity was found in the Jianshangou Member (Barremian Age) of the Yixian Formation (Lower Cretaceous Epoch) of the Jehol Group in western Liaoning, northeastern China. The single fossil specimen is represented by both elongate-cylindrical male spike strobiles which borne within a nodal bract of cauliflorous branch. The spike strobiles have apparent nodes, invisible internodes, and numerous verticillate involucral collars. The microsporangiate units within involucral collars are not seen. The male spike strobiles with verticillate involucral collars occur exclusively in Gnetum; hence, the fossil strobiles are attributed to a new taxon, Khitania columnispicata gen. & sp. nov., being closely related to Gnetum. The general isotopic dating suggests an age of Barremian, ca. 125-122 million years (Myr) ago for the Jianshangou Member. The palaeoecological and palaeoclimatic inference based on the compositions of flora and fauna, and lithological characters of the fossil locality suggests that the fossil plants grew in a subtropical mesophytic forest and under a warmer climate. The remains of male spike strobiles are the first record of gnetalean macrofossil. It documents the evolution of the distinct gnetoid morphology and indicates a wider range of distribution of Gnetaceae in the Early Cretaceous than present day.

  6. Two new ornithurine birds from the Early Cretaceous of western Liaoning, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    We describe two new ornithurine birds from the Early Cretaceous Jiufotang Formation of western Liaoning, northeast China: Yanornis martini gen. et sp. nov. and Yixianornis grabaui gen. et sp. nov. They represent the best fossil record of ornithurine birds known from the Early Cretaceous. They are more advanced than the most primitive ornithurine Liaoningornis, and are more similar to the other two Chinese Early Cretaceous ornithurines Chaoyangia and Songlingornis. Compared with Confuciusornis, Liaoxiornis and Eoenantiornis from the same age, the two new birds show remarkable advanced characteristics and suggest the presence of powerful flight capability like modern birds. Compared with Yixianornis and Chaoyangia, Yanornis is larger, with a more elongated skull and relatively long wings. The new discoveries indicate that by the Early Cretaceous both enantiornithine and ornithurine birds had already radiated significantly. The flight structures of Yanornis and Yixianornis are hardly distinguishable from those of modern birds; however, both retain a few primitive traits such as teeth on the jaws, wing claws and pubic symphysis, which exclude them from being the most recent ancestor of all ex-tant birds.

  7. INSTANT CITY

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marling, Gitte; Kiib, Hans

    2013-01-01

    experiments are taking place in ‘the instant city’, and how can it be characterized? It also emphasizes the relation between city life, urban design, and the aesthetics of architecture and urban spaces. The question here is, in what way architecture and urban scenography are used as tools to support the goal...... emphasis has been laid on creating a vivid, and engaging social environment in order to create a lab for social, and architectural experi- ments. These goals challenge the city planning as well as the urban sce- nography. The article addresses the research questions: What kind of city life and social...... of an experimental and social en- gaged city environment? The analysis shows that the specific city life at the instant city, Roskilde Festival, can be characterized by being ‘open minded’, ‘playful’ and ‘inclusive’, but also by ‘a culture of laughter’ that penetrates the aesthetics and the urban scenography....

  8. Constraints on the age of the Tuchengzi Formation by LA-ICP-MS dating in northern Hebei-western Liaoning,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Hong; WEI ZhongLiang; LIU XiaoMing; LI Dong

    2009-01-01

    Accurately determining the age of the Tuchengzi Formation has direct influence on confirming the boundary between the Jurassic and the Cretaceous systems in northern Hebei-western Liaoning, and on related geological problems in China. However, the Tuchengzi Formation mainly consists of sedi-mentary rocks, with a poor fossil record and especially lack of index fossils. The Tuchengzi Formation is also lack of the type of volcanic rocks that can provide an isotopic age. Therefore, the age of the Tuchengzi Formation has been uncertain. Based on our systematic dating of the tuff interbedded in the Tuchengzi Formation of Chengde and Jinlingsi-Yangshan basins in northern Hebei-western Liaoning, combined with the dating results of previous researchers, here we suggest that the age range of the Tuchengzi Formation in northern Hebei-western Liaoning is from 147 Ma to 136 Ma. It implied that the Tuchengzi Formation was mainly formed in the Early Cretaceous.

  9. Constraints on the age of the Tuchengzi Formation by LA-ICP-MS dating in northern Hebei-western Liaoning, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Accurately determining the age of the Tuchengzi Formation has direct influence on confirming the boundary between the Jurassic and the Cretaceous systems in northern Hebei-western Liaoning, and on related geological problems in China. However, the Tuchengzi Formation mainly consists of sedi-mentary rocks, with a poor fossil record and especially lack of index fossils. The Tuchengzi Formation is also lack of the type of volcanic rocks that can provide an isotopic age. Therefore, the age of the Tuchengzi Formation has been uncertain. Based on our systematic dating of the tuff interbedded in the Tuchengzi Formation of Chengde and Jinlingsi-Yangshan basins in northern Hebei-western Liaoning, combined with the dating results of previous researchers, here we suggest that the age range of the Tuchengzi Formation in northern Hebei-western Liaoning is from 147 Ma to 136 Ma. It implied that the Tuchengzi Formation was mainly formed in the Early Cretaceous.

  10. 辽宁省城乡不同级别医院口腔设备配置现状分析%Investigation and analysis of the configuration status of dental equipments in Liaoning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡海龙; 李爽; 马祥; 崔荣敏; 刘亦婷; 贾秀萍; 王强

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To investigate and analyse the configuration in the medical institutions of Liaoning to identify the problems, analyze various reasons, find out the options for the reasonable configuration and positive operation of the medical resources and put forward the feasible suggestion for the balanced and sustainable development of stomatology in Liaoning. Methods:The dental equipments were investigated in the medical institutions including hospital alliances of China Medical University and Tumor Hospital of Liaoning province and six cities and twenty counties of Liaoning province at three levels. Results:There have been some dental equipments stocks in Liaoning province. However, the differences of the dental equipments configuration between urban and rural areas are significant. High-level digital dental equipments are monopolized by imported products. Domestic dental equipments face opportunities and challenges. In the mid-market, domestic dental equipments have a satisfactory market share and exhibit good development. The quality of after-sale maintenance of the domestic dental equipments needs to be improved. The local government investment in dental medical resources should be increased to obtain a virtuous development circle for the domestic dental equipments. Conclusion: Significant configuration differences between the urban and rural areas are existed though there have been some dental equipments stocks in Liaoning province. Support of national enterprises should be increased. The national-brand and publicity should be established and increased. The market share of the domestic dental equipments should be improved. Domestic enterprises should enhance after-sale service and promote the brand image. Under the guidance of the government, the configuration of domestic dental equipments should be increased.%目的:对辽宁省医疗机构的口腔设备配置状况进行调研,发现存在的问题,分析各种原因,寻求医疗资源合理配置

  11. Eating Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mikkelsen, Bent Egberg; Fisker, Anna Marie; Clausen, Katja Seerup

    2016-01-01

    This paper analyzed the development of a city based sustainable food strategy for the city of Aalborg. It’s based on 3 cases of food service: food for the elderly as operated by the Municipality, food the hospital patients as operated by the region and food for defense staff as operated by the st......This paper analyzed the development of a city based sustainable food strategy for the city of Aalborg. It’s based on 3 cases of food service: food for the elderly as operated by the Municipality, food the hospital patients as operated by the region and food for defense staff as operated...

  12. Leading Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pogner, Karl-Heinz

    2017-01-01

    and technical engineering; Smart Cities) is very prominent in the traditional mass media discourse, in PR / PA of tech companies and traditional municipal administrations; whereas the second one (participation; Livable Cities) is mostly enacted in social media, (local) initiatives, movements, (virtual......) communities, new forms of urban governance in municipal administration and co-competitive city networks. Both forms seem to struggle for getting voice and power in the discourses, negotiations, struggles, and conflicts in Urban Governance about the question how to manage or lead (in) a city. Talking about...

  13. [Accumulation of Mercury in Soil-maize System of Non-ferrous Metals Smelting Area and Its Related Risk Assessment].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ji, Xiao-feng; Zheng, Na; Wang, Yang; Liu, Qiang; Zhang, Jing-jing

    2015-10-01

    Soil heavy metal pollution, especially the mercury pollution, has been widespread concern in non-ferrous metallurgical area. This study focused on the content, distribution and pollution status of Hg in maize soil of Huludao city. Meanwhile, Hg contents in the various organs of maize were analyzed. Hg concentration in soil ranged from 0.25 to 3.49 mg x kg(-1) with the average content of 1.78 mg x kg(-1), which was 48 times as high as the background value of Liaoning soil. Around 2-3m range of zinc plant, the pattern of spatial distribution showed that the content of Hg was gradually increased with the increase of the distance to Huludao zinc plant. The result of geoaccumulation index reflected that Hg pollution is up to moderate pollution level on the whole. 54. 6% of the total sample were belonged to the serious pollution level. The potential ecological risk index of Hakanson was applied to assess the ecological risk of Hg. The target hazard quotient method (THQ) was used to assess the health risk for human, the results revealed that there was no significant health risk by consumption corn. Mercury is very difficult to transport in soil-maize system, and there is no obvious health risks to adults. But the risk coefficient of children, which is up to 0.056. is much higher than adults.

  14. 开源CMS在辽宁省地震局网站的应用%APPLICATION OF KAIYUAN CMS ON LIAONING EARTHQUAKE ADMINISTRATION WEBSITE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄亮; 殷轶娜; 赵倩; 杨群山

    2014-01-01

    介绍了开源内容管理系统(CMS) joomla,概述了辽宁省地震局网站架构,并对joomla系统的配置以及二次开发进行了叙述,最后给出构建的辽宁省地震局网站展示。%This article prensents the ( CMS ) joomla content management system of Kaiyuan , summarizes the website structure of Liaoning earthquake administration, and also makes a statement of the configuration of joomla system and secondary development. At last the presentation of Liaoning earthquake administration website is showed.

  15. Estimates of forest biomass carbon storage inLiaoning Province of Northeast China: a review and assessment.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dapao Yu

    Full Text Available Accurate estimates of forest carbon storage and changes in storage capacity are critical for scientific assessment of the effects of forest management on the role of forests as carbon sinks. Up to now, several studies reported forest biomass carbon (FBC in Liaoning Province based on data from China's Continuous Forest Inventory, however, their accuracy were still not known. This study compared estimates of FBC in Liaoning Province derived from different methods. We found substantial variation in estimates of FBC storage for young and middle-age forests. For provincial forests with high proportions in these age classes, the continuous biomass expansion factor method (CBM by forest type with age class is more accurate and therefore more appropriate for estimating forest biomass. Based on the above approach designed for this study, forests in Liaoning Province were found to be a carbon sink, with carbon stocks increasing from 63.0 TgC in 1980 to 120.9 TgC in 2010, reflecting an annual increase of 1.9 TgC. The average carbon density of forest biomass in the province has increased from 26.2 Mg ha(-1 in 1980 to 31.0 Mg ha(-1 in 2010. While the largest FBC occurred in middle-age forests, the average carbon density decreased in this age class during these three decades. The increase in forest carbon density resulted primarily from the increased area and carbon storage of mature forests. The relatively long age interval in each age class for slow-growing forest types increased the uncertainty of FBC estimates by CBM-forest type with age class, and further studies should devote more attention to the time span of age classes in establishing biomass expansion factors for use in CBM calculations.

  16. Estimates of forest biomass carbon storage inLiaoning Province of Northeast China: a review and assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Dapao; Wang, Xiaoyu; Yin, You; Zhan, Jinyu; Lewis, Bernard J; Tian, Jie; Bao, Ye; Zhou, Wangming; Zhou, Li; Dai, Limin

    2014-01-01

    Accurate estimates of forest carbon storage and changes in storage capacity are critical for scientific assessment of the effects of forest management on the role of forests as carbon sinks. Up to now, several studies reported forest biomass carbon (FBC) in Liaoning Province based on data from China's Continuous Forest Inventory, however, their accuracy were still not known. This study compared estimates of FBC in Liaoning Province derived from different methods. We found substantial variation in estimates of FBC storage for young and middle-age forests. For provincial forests with high proportions in these age classes, the continuous biomass expansion factor method (CBM) by forest type with age class is more accurate and therefore more appropriate for estimating forest biomass. Based on the above approach designed for this study, forests in Liaoning Province were found to be a carbon sink, with carbon stocks increasing from 63.0 TgC in 1980 to 120.9 TgC in 2010, reflecting an annual increase of 1.9 TgC. The average carbon density of forest biomass in the province has increased from 26.2 Mg ha(-1) in 1980 to 31.0 Mg ha(-1) in 2010. While the largest FBC occurred in middle-age forests, the average carbon density decreased in this age class during these three decades. The increase in forest carbon density resulted primarily from the increased area and carbon storage of mature forests. The relatively long age interval in each age class for slow-growing forest types increased the uncertainty of FBC estimates by CBM-forest type with age class, and further studies should devote more attention to the time span of age classes in establishing biomass expansion factors for use in CBM calculations.

  17. Atypical Cities

    Science.gov (United States)

    DiJulio, Betsy

    2011-01-01

    In this creative challenge, Surrealism and one-point perspective combine to produce images that not only go "beyond the real" but also beyond the ubiquitous "imaginary city" assignment often used to teach one-point perspective. Perhaps the difference is that in the "atypical cities challenge," an understanding of one-point perspective is a means…

  18. Soft Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brix, Anders; Yoneda, Akira; Nakamura, Kiyoshi

    2015-01-01

    of a sustainable future. The project is the result of a joint research study between Denmark and Japan. Taking as its example the city of Kyoto, the project investigates some possible strategies on how cities more generally may be transformed into liveable, healthy and ecologically sensible environments....

  19. INSTANT CITY

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marling, Gitte; Kiib, Hans

    2013-01-01

    experiments are taking place in ‘the instant city’, and how can it be characterized? It also emphasizes the relation between city life, urban design, and the aesthetics of architecture and urban spaces. The question here is, in what way architecture and urban scenography are used as tools to support the goal...... of an experimental and social en- gaged city environment? The analysis shows that the specific city life at the instant city, Roskilde Festival, can be characterized by being ‘open minded’, ‘playful’ and ‘inclusive’, but also by ‘a culture of laughter’ that penetrates the aesthetics and the urban scenography.......This article analyses Roskilde Festival as an Instant City. For more than 40 years, Roskilde Festival has had many thousands participants for a weeklong festival on music, performances and cultural experiences in a layout designed as an urban environment. During the last ten years, in- creasing...

  20. An unusual long-tailed pterosaur with elongated neck from western Liaoning of China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaolin Wang

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available A new long-tailed pterosaur, Wukongopterus lii gen. et sp. nov, is described based on an almost complete skeleton (IVPP V15113 representing an individual with an estimated wing span of 730 mm. The specimen was discovered in strata that possibly represent the Daohugou Bed (or Daohugou Formation at Linglongta, Jianchang, Liaoning Province, China. Wukongopterus lii is a non-pterodactyloid pterosaur diagnosed by the first two pairs of premaxillary teeth protruding beyond the dentary, elongated cervical vertebrae (convergent with Pterodactyloidea, and a strongly curved second pedal phalanx of the fifth toe. The specimen further has a broken tibia that indicates an injury occurred while the individual was still alive. Taphonomic aspects provide indirect evidence of an uropatagium, supporting the general hypothesis that at least all non-pterodactyloid pterosaurs show a membrane between the hind limbs. A phylogenetic analysis including most non-pterodactyloid pterosaurs shows that Wukongopterus lii gen. et sp. nov. lies outside the Novialoidea, being cladistically more primitive than the Rhamphorhynchidae and Capylognathoides. This analysis differs from previous studies and indicates that more work is needed before a stable picture of non-pterodactyloid pterosaur relationships is achieved.Um novo pterossauro de cauda longa, Wukongopterus lii gen. et sp. nov., é descrito baseado em um esqueleto quase completo (IVPP V15113 de um indivíduo com abertura alar estimada em 730 mm. O exemplar foi encontrado nas camadas Daohugou (ou Formação Daohugou em Linglongta, Jianchang, Província de Liaoning, China. Wukongopterus lii é um pterossauro não-pterodactilóide diagnosticado pela presença de dois pares de dentes pré-maxilares posicionados antes do início do dentário, vertebras cervicais alongadas (convergente com os Pterodactyloidea e a segunda falange do quinto dígito do pé fortemente curvada. Este espécime também apresenta uma tíbia quebrada

  1. Implementation of the Administrative Reconsideration Committee System---A case study of Liaoning province%推行行政复议委员会制度若干问题探讨--以辽宁省为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王彦; 赵双辰

    2014-01-01

    To implement the administrative reconsideration committee system is to re -arrange the administrative reconsideration institutes, making these institutes judge cases with justice and authority. It is a good measure in reforming the administrative reconsideration system, and a way to change the fact that the existing institutes are being scattering, lacking in credibility and citi-zens are reluctant to seek help. However, we need to learn from the pilot cities concerning how to successfully establish a relatively concentrated system of administrative reconsideration. There are no pilot cities in Liaoning, so we should consider our own features in regulating the setting-up and working mechanisms of the administrative reconsideration committees so as to actively and steadily implement the system.%设立行政复议委员会可以改变现有行政复议机构分散、公信力差、公民不愿意寻求复议救济途径的格局。从机构设置及其原则、程序运行等方面论证了如何有效确立相对集中行政复议权制度。辽宁省尚无试点城市,应根据自身特点,着力解决好行政复议委员会筹备、机构编制、经费保障和运行机制等问题,从而积极稳妥地建立、推行行政复议委员会制度。

  2. Identifying Ecological Red Lines: A Case Study of the Coast in Liaoning Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chuansheng Wang

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The global decline in estuarine and coastal ecosystems is affecting critical ecosystem services. The spatial agglomeration of population, industries and resources has led to the emergence of regionally-specific ecological problems. Therefore, identifying “ecological red lines”, based on specific natural and environmental features, could help to differentiate the economic development and ecological protection directions or potentials of different regions in future. The aim of this case study is to define the ecological red line in the coastal zone of Liaoning Province, China, by evaluating the ecological importance and environmental stress in its marine and terrestrial ecosystems. For this purpose, the ecological importance of this area was first classified into four conservation indices (species, wetland, water and coast and islands and assigned values of 5, 3 and 1 for indications of high, moderate and minor importance. In the meantime, environmental stress was also classified into four indices (water environment, salinization, soil erosion and erosion of coasts and islands and assigned values of 5, 3 and 1 for indications of high, moderate and low stress, respectively. Then, based on an overlay analysis and evaluation of the above results, we defined two grades of ecological red line zones. Grade I ecological red line zones contain the areas with critical and diverse ecosystem services, areas of high importance for species conservation and nature reserves, as well as ecologically-vulnerable and sensitive areas. It is important in these areas to maintain the biological diversity and to improve the quality of the ecological environment, which should be strictly protected and explicitly controlled. Grade II ecological red line zones display areas with minimum requirements for maintaining the basic needs of a livable environment and human health, moderate to minor levels of ecological importance and high to moderate levels of environmental

  3. Characteristics of 985 pediatric burn patients in the south of Liaoning province of China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hongjun Zhai

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Accidental injury due to burns is a serious and common, but preventable, occurrence in children. To analyze the characteristics of pediatric burns in the south of Liaoning province of China, a retrospective review was conducted of information, including general characteristics, demographics, etiology of burns, anatomical areas burned, and severity of injuries, obtained from medical records of pediatric burn patients admitted to the Burn Center of Anshan Hospital of the First Hospital of China Medical University from 2002 to 2011. Differences between age-groups and cause and severity of injuries were examined using Cochran-Mantel-Haenzsel ­(C-M-H statistic or chi-square (χ2 analyses where appropriate. A total of 985 pediatric burn cases were included, with only one death. The maximal burn area recorded was 80% and the maximal third-degree burn area was 45%. The majority of burns (637/985, 64.67% were moderate second-degree wounds, encompassing 5-14% of the total body surface area. The infant age-group (<3 years old had the largest representation (622/985, 63.15%, with more males than females affected. Most of the injuries occurred at home in children living in the local region. Scalding accounted for 89.85% (885/985 of all injuries, with a decreasing incidence with age, whereas injuries due to flames and from electrical sources markedly increased with age. Only a minority of guardians (244/985, 24.77% had burn prevention knowledge, and none of them knew how to provide first-aid treatment for burn injuries. These results indicate that the majority of pediatric burns occur in children less than 3 years of age from scalds received while at home. As a large proportion of these cases occurred in rural areas, programs emphasizing burn prevention and treatment knowledge should therefore be made more available to these families.

  4. Shantytown Reformation and Urban Interior Space Optimization:Spatial Economic Analysis of Liaoning Shantytown Renewal%棚户区改造与城市内部空间再造--辽宁省棚户区改造的空间经济分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈飞; 倪鹏飞

    2014-01-01

    在与国际社会贫民窟改造比较的基础上,分析辽宁省棚户区的形成原因与空间类型,概括总结辽宁省棚户区改造在城市空间优化方面的做法与经验,探讨棚户区改造对辽宁省城市内部空间结构和城市整体面貌的影响与效果。与国际社会贫民窟改造不同的是,辽宁省的棚户区改造坚持原地安置和异地安置相结合,通过整体分散、局部集中、个别混建的方式,合理安置贫民住区,探索出了一条打破贫困空间集聚的路径,进而优化了城市内部的空间结构,提升了城市的空间承载力。%Compared with slum reformation of other countries, this paper analyzes the forming reasons and spatial types of shantytowns in Liaoning Province,summarizes their practices and experiences in urban space optimization and discusses the effects and impacts of those measures towards the spatial structure and the overall urban outlook of the concerning cities in Liaoning Province. By means of both in-place and re-place settlements featured with overall dispersion,local congregation and proper placement of low-income resi-dents,Liaoning Province opened a different but outstanding path in the world to breaking the spatial aggrega-tion of poverty,thereby optimized the spatial structure of the inner city and enhanced the carrying capacity of urban space.

  5. Flying Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Herbelin, Bruno; Lasserre, Sebastien; Ciger, Jan

    2008-01-01

    . This cross-modal interaction not only supports our artistic messages, but also aims at providing anyone with a pleasant and stimulating feedback from her/his speech activity. As the feedback we have received when presenting Flying Cities was very positive, our objective is now to cross the bridge between art......Flying Cities is an artistic installation which generates imaginary cities from the speech of its visitors. Thanks to an original interactive process analyzing people's vocal input to create 3D graphics, a tangible correspondence between speech and visuals opens new possibilities of interaction...

  6. City Branding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frimann, Søren; Stigel, Jørgen

    2006-01-01

    with their relatively concrete dimensions are absent when the main question is one of values. Furthermore, when  the relatively straightforward identification and power structures of corporations and consumers are replaced by the more diversified structures of city government, their poplulations, and potential visitors......, problems seem to multiply in what has becom known as city branding. This analysis of the communicational aspects of two Danish provincial towns´ branding efforts examines both their internally and externally directed communication. It demonstrates that an insufficient understanding of - or willingness...... to face - these differences will inevitably hamper such branding efforts because of the consequential inconsistencies. Finally, paths to more effective city branding are indicated...

  7. Sin City?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svarer, Michael; Gautier, Pieter A.; Teulings, Coen n.

    , the ones who stay in the city have significant higher divorce rates. Similarly, for the couples who married outside the city, the ones who move to the city are more likely to divorce. This correlation can be explained by both a causal and a sorting effect. We disentangle them by using the timing......-of-events approach. In addition we use information on father's location as an instrument. We find that the sorting effect dominates. Moving to the countryside is therefore not a cheap way to prolong relationships....

  8. Association of tag SNPs of GPx-3 with essential hypertension in rural Han Chinese in Fuxin, Liaoning, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HAO Ying; LI Hong; SUN Ying-xian; WU Bao-gang; SHI Jin; CHEN Yan-li; SUN Zhao-qing; ZHENG Li-qiang; ZHANG Xin-gang; GENG Ning; LI Tie-jun

    2011-01-01

    Background Genetic mechanisms contribute to blood pressure regulation. This study investigated whether glutathione peroxidase (GPx-3) tag single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are associated with hypertension in the rural areas of Fuxin county, Liaoning province, China.Methods Indigenous Fuxin Han people participated, 523 unrelated hypertensives and 547 controls were recruited. All tag SNPs of GPx-3 gene were selected. We estimated SNP allele frequency in DNA pools with pyrosequencing.Results Before Bonferroni correction, C allele frequency for rs8177417 was significantly higher in hypertensives than those in controls (23.4% vs. 19.3%, P=0.014); T allele frequency for rs3828599 was significantly lower in hypertensives than those in controls (35.6% vs. 40.8%,P=0.009). However, when a Bonferroni correction for multiple testing was applied, only the polymorphisms rs3828599 of GPx-3 gene was associated with hypertension (P=0.045, OR: 0.833, 95%CI: 0.695-0.998).Conclusion The polymorphism of rs3828599 of GPx-3 gene might be associated with hypertension in rural Han Chinese from Fuxin, Liaoning.

  9. Empirical Analysis on the Relations between Rural Residents’ Consumption and Economic Growth——A Case of Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Liaoning is a granary province with a large agricultural population and great market potential. Expanding rural residents’ consumption becomes a necessity for enlarging domestic demand, solving three agriculture problems and promoting sustainable and rapid economic development. The research shows that since invigorating old industrial base in Liaoning, the contribution rate of rural residents’ consumption to economic motivation is low and unstable, which has become one of the choke points for the development of economy. By using the grey correlation method, the influences of rural residents’ consumption in different periods to GDP per capita are analyzed, the results show that the consumption level of rural residents were increasing, but their contribution rate on economic growth showed the descending tend. The residential expenses stay in the major position of consumption expenses; the education and entertainment products and service consumption play an important role; the growth of transportation and telecommunication is slow; the expenses on medical care are low and its contribution rate on economic growth is relatively weak. The countermeasures on developing rural economy, increasing rural residents’ income, improving rural consumption environment, accelerating rural infrastructure construction, constructing and perfecting rural social security system and expanding rural consumption credit market are put forward to expand rural residents’ consumption demand and realize the sustainable development of economy.

  10. 浅谈辽宁盘锦沿海滩涂开发利用变化监测%Preliminary Discussion on the Change Detection of the Development and Utilization of Coastal Beaches in Panjin, Liaoning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白冰

    2016-01-01

    Abstar ct:Along with the development and utilization of tidal flats at coastal area, the landscape pattern of natural and ecological sys-tem at coastal area has changed greatly.Under this situation, it is of great significance to carry out the dynamic monitoring to the scale, development and utilization of tidal flats at coastal area in recent years.This paper briefly discusses the content and technical scheme of the development and utilization of the coastal tidal flats in Panjin, Liaoning.It aims to provide technical reference for the monitoring of other cities in the late stage.%伴随着沿海大规模的开发利用,自然生态系统景观格局出现了巨大的变化。在此形势下,对近年来沿海滩涂的规模及开发利用方式进行动态监测具有重要意义。本文就辽宁盘锦沿海滩涂开发利用变化监测的内容、技术方案进行了简要论述,旨在为后期其他城市的监测提供技术参考。

  11. City Streets

    Data.gov (United States)

    Minnesota Department of Natural Resources — This data set contains roadway centerlines for city streets found on the USGS 1:24,000 mapping series. In some areas, these roadways are current through the 2000...

  12. 辽宁城乡群众体育发展模式研究%Research for Mass Sports Development Model of Urban-Rural in Liaoning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田海燕

    2015-01-01

    通过梳理辽宁城乡群众体育运动发展历程,剖析了辽宁体育运动兴衰的原因,研究了近十年来辽宁城乡群众体育发展特色和模式,分析了制约城乡群众体育发展的因素,探索了辽宁城乡群众体育持续发展的方向,为政府职能部门规划城乡群众体育发展方向提供了一定的建议。%By combing the development history of urban and rural masses sports in Liaoning,the research dissects the reasons for the rise and fall of Liaoning sports,studies the characteristics and mode of urban and rural mass sports in Liaoning province in nearly a decade,analyzes the factors restricting the development of urban and rural mass sports, explores the direction of the sustainable development in Liaoning,and provides some suggestions for the government to plan the urban and rural mass sports development.

  13. City Branding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frimann, Søren; Stigel, Jørgen

    2006-01-01

    with their relatively concrete dimensions are absent when the main question is one of values. Furthermore, when  the relatively straightforward identification and power structures of corporations and consumers are replaced by the more diversified structures of city government, their poplulations, and potential visitors...... to face - these differences will inevitably hamper such branding efforts because of the consequential inconsistencies. Finally, paths to more effective city branding are indicated...

  14. Model cities

    OpenAIRE

    Batty, M.

    2007-01-01

    The term ?model? is now central to our thinking about how weunderstand and design cities. We suggest a variety of ways inwhich we use ?models?, linking these ideas to Abercrombie?sexposition of Town and Country Planning which represented thestate of the art fifty years ago. Here we focus on using models asphysical representations of the city, tracing the development ofsymbolic models where the focus is on simulating how functiongenerates form, to iconic models where the focus is on representi...

  15. 辽宁省城市化进程中土地集约利用问题研究%Study on the Intensive Use of Land during the Process of Urbanization in Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金益民; 薛立; 苏永玲

    2011-01-01

    分析了辽宁省城市化发展带来的土地利用短缺和土地的供需矛盾日益突出的集中表现:在城市扩展侵占耕地现象严重,城市快速扩展造成旧城存量土地利用不合理,土地利用效率低,房地产开发用地数量较大,不切实际的"大城市化"和城市化步伐加快,在土地集约经营过程的一些政府行为。提出了编制科学合理的城市规划,建立健全辽宁省的土地使用制度,健全和强化土地利用监督反馈机制,完善城市土地储备制度,强化土地市场管制,对土地集约利用并形成可持续发展的措施。%The concentrated expression of the shortage of land,contradiction between supply and demand brought by Liaoning urban development is analyzed.Urban expansion in the occupation of arable land is serious.Because of the rapid expansion of the city,urban land use of old stock is irrational and inefficient.The efficiency of the use of the land is low.The land of the development of real estate is big.The phenomena of unrealistic "big city"and the acceleration of urbanization are widespread.There are still some aspects of government behavior problems requiring us to prepare a scientific and rational urban planning.So we need to establish and improve the land use system in Liaoning,improve and strengthen the supervision and feedback mechanism of land use,improve the urban land reserve system and strengthen land market regulation.So we can realize the intensive land use and the sustainable development.

  16. Brief Introduction to Five Key Zones

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Liaoning Jinzhou Development Zone This zone includes Jinzhou Xihai Industrial Park and Huludao Beigang Industrial Park. The Jinzhou Xihai Industrial Park has a planned development area of 22.76 square km and a gross investment of 737 million yuan. It is featured in the sub-industries of heavy chemicals and petrochemicals that Include motor tool elements, medicine and production of containers.

  17. Riskassessment of rice yield loss caused by disasters and coutermeasueres in Liaoning province%辽宁省水稻产量灾损风险评估及对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李凤新

    2012-01-01

    From the perspective of risk analysis of yield loss caused by natural disasters, using the rice yield data of the 12 cities in Liaoning in the period from 1971 to 2010, an assessment model is constructed to analyze the risk of disastrous yield loss of rice in that province. Using some index such as the average reduction rate of all years during that period, the variation coefficient of reduction rates in disaster years, and the risk index of yield losses caused by disasters, resisting disasters index, etc, the risk of rice yield loss caused by disasters in Liaoning Province is comprehensively analyzed and accessed. Results show that the low-risk areas for rice production are Anshan, Liaoyang, Yingkou and Panjin, while the high-risk ones include Fushun, Tieling and Jinzhou; the other areas of the province are all medium-risk for rice production. In accordance to the assessment result and some outstanding problems found in Liaoning's rice production in recent years, some pertinent countermeasures are proposed to reduce the risk of rice yield loss caused by disasters: strengthen the agriculture and water conservancy infrastructure construction, improve farmland ecological conditions, and reinforce the agro-meteorological disaster prevention and mitigation work, including improving the agricultural disaster prevention and mitigation system while effectively enhancing the capability of post-disaster remedies.%构建水稻产量灾损风险评估模型,利用辽宁省12个地市1971-2010年水稻产量资料,采用历年平均减产率、灾年减产率变异系数、产量灾损风险指数、抗灾指数等指标对全省粮食产量灾损风险进行评估.结果表明:抚顺、铁岭及锦州地区属于水稻生产高风险区,鞍山、辽阳、营口和盘锦属于水稻生产低风险区,其余地区为中风险区.分析评估结果,结合全省水稻生产中的突出问题,从防灾减灾和灾后补救角度提出强化农业水利基础设施建设、改善

  18. Metallogenic Chronology of Boron Deposits in the Eastern Liaoning Paleoproterozoic Rift Zone

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LU Yuanfa; CHEN Yuchuan; LI Huaqing; XUE Chunji; CHEN Fuwen

    2005-01-01

    Lead isotopic analytic data of 30 ores gathered from the Zhuanmiao boron deposit, Wengquangou boron (iron) deposit and its Dongtaizi Ore Member constitute three isochrons, the corresponding ages of which are 1902±12 Ma,1852±9 Ma and 1917±48 Ma. Lead isotopic analyses of marble from the Xiquegou Member of the Qingchenzi orefield yield a Pb-Pb isochron age of 1844±27 Ma. 40Ar-39Ar quick neutron activation dating of phlogopites and microclines coexisting with ore minerals in the Wengquangou boron (iron) and Zhuanmiao boron deposits shows that: (1) the phlogopite from the Wengquangou has a plateau age of 1923±1.5 Ma and an isochron age of 1924±2.5 Ma; (2) the microcline from the Wengquangou has the plateau age of 1407±5.4 Ma and 220±12 Ma and an isochron age of 1403±19Ma; (3) the phlogopites from the Zhuanmiao yield a plateau age 1918±1.3 Ma and an isochron age of 1918±2.9 Ma; (4) the microclines from the Zhuanmiao yield the plateau age of 1420±16 Ma and 250±8 Ma and an isochron age of 1425±19 Ma and 269±16 Ma. These ages indicate that the eastern Liaoning area happened around 1900 Ma, an important tectonomagmatic event, which is consistent with the worldwide Mid-Proterozoic tectonomagmatic event. During this period, the Proterozoic Liaohe Group was folded and underwent strong normal metamorphism, and the (hydrothermal)sedimentary boron deposits (or source beds) formed earlier were strongly superimposed by mineralization, resulting in enrichment of boron; later regional geological processes made little contribution to the formation of the boron deposits.Lead isotopic components show that the U-Pb and Th-Pb isotopic system reached homogenization in the ores whereas only the U-Pb isotopic system reached homogenization in the marble from the Xiquegou district, which indicates that the boron deposits superimposed in the studied area endured a relatively strong process of hydrothermal migmatization during the end phase of early Proterozoic metamorphism.

  19. Drone City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Ole B.

    2016-01-01

    design” will be used as a background perspective to reflect upon the future of drones in cities. The other perspective used to frame the phenomenon is the emerging discourse of the “smart city”. A city of proliferating digital information and data communication may be termed a smart city as shorthand......This paper address the phenomenon of drones and their potential relationship with the city from the point of view of the so-called “mobilities turn”. This is done in such a way that turns attention to a recent redevelopment of the “turn” towards design; so the emerging perspective of “mobilities...... for a new urban condition where cities are networked and connected (as well as disconnected) from the local block to global digital spheres. In the midst of many of the well-known data-creating devices (e.g. Bluetooth, radio-frequency identification (RFID), GPS, smartphone applications) there is a “new kid...

  20. Flying Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ciger, Jan

    2006-01-01

    The Flying Cities artistic installation brings to life imaginary cities made from the speech input of visitors. In this article we describe the original interactive process generating real time 3D graphics from spectators' vocal inputs. This example of cross-modal interaction has the nice property...... of providing a tangible correspondence between the two spaces. This interaction mean has proved to suit the artistic expression well but it also aims at providing anyone with a pleasant and stimulating feedback from speech activity, a new medium for creativity and a way to visually perceive a vocal performance....... As the feedback we have received when presenting Flying Cities was very positive, our objective now is to cross the bridge between art and the potential applications to the rehabilitation of people with reduced mobility or for the treatment of language impairments....

  1. Prospective multi-center study of female patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction in Liaoning province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Bo; LI Yu-ze; SHI Jing-pu; QI Guo-xian; JIANG Da-ming; ZHOU Xu-chen; LIU Jun; ZHANG Wei; SUN Yu-jiao; REN Li-na; ZHANG Zhi-hong; GAO Yuan

    2012-01-01

    Background In cardiology,it is controversial whether gender influences prognosis after acute myocardial infarction (MI).We examined the 30-day and 1-year prognosis for female patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI)in Liaoning province,and we analyzed factors that influenced these outcomes.Methods This was a prospective,multicenter,observational study in which patient data were collected by questionnaire at the time of diagnosis and at approximately 30 days and 1 year later by telephone inquiries.Patients were diagnosed with STEMI between June 1,2009 and June 1,2010 at any of the 20 hospitals that gave treatment representative of current STEMI treatment in Liaoning Province.Unified follow-up questionnaire was used to visit the STEMI patients.Results We analyzed data from a total of 1429 consecutive patients with STEMI in Liaoning province.Female patients were older (70.0 vs.60.3,P <0.001) and were less likely to receive emergency reperfusion therapy than male ones (39.2% vs.58.0%,P <0.001).Female gender was associated with higher unadjusted 30-day mortality rates (HR=2.118,95%C/:1.572-2.854,P <0.001) and higher unadjusted 1-year mortality rates (HR=2.174,95%C/:1.659-2.848,P <0.001).Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that female gender was not an independent predictor of 30-day mortality rates (HR=1.273,95%C/:0.929-1.745,P=0.133) nor of 1-year mortality rates (HR=1.112,95%C/:0.831-1.487,P=0.475).Conclusions Women with STEMI appear to be at increased risk of 30-day and 1-year mortality compared with male STEMI patients,but this difference may be explained by older age and less frequent receipt of reperfusion therapy among the women.

  2. Soft Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brix, Anders; Yoneda, Akira; Nakamura, Kiyoshi

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents a project exploring sustainable ways of urban living. The project renders a scenario comprised of an array of simple conversions of existing urban spaces and buildings, in the attempt to tie strategies ranging from urban planning to interior design into a coherent vision...... of a sustainable future. The project is the result of a joint research study between Denmark and Japan. Taking as its example the city of Kyoto, the project investigates some possible strategies on how cities more generally may be transformed into liveable, healthy and ecologically sensible environments....

  3. Fun City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Once the blues guitarist B.B. King sang that when he "didn't wanna live no more", he would go shopping instead. Now, however, shopping has become a lifestyle... The city of today has become "Disneyfied" and "Tivolized". It has become a scene for events. The aim of the book is to encircle and pin...... down the consquences of these developments, to elocidate the interplay between funscapes and fear culture, and to account for the meaning of new concepts and new phenomena such as "event culture", "urban scenography", "experience economy","city branding" and "cultural planning"....

  4. Unhappy Cities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glaeser, Edward L.; Gottlieb, Joshua D.; Ziv, Oren

    2016-01-01

    There are persistent differences in self-reported subjective well-being across US metropolitan areas, and residents of declining cities appear less happy than others. Yet some people continue to move to these areas, and newer residents appear to be as unhappy as longer-term residents. While historical data on happiness are limited, the available facts suggest that cities that are now declining were also unhappy in their more prosperous past. These facts support the view that individuals do not maximize happiness alone but include it in the utility function along with other arguments. People may trade off happiness against other competing objectives. PMID:27546979

  5. Flying Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ciger, Jan

    2006-01-01

    of providing a tangible correspondence between the two spaces. This interaction mean has proved to suit the artistic expression well but it also aims at providing anyone with a pleasant and stimulating feedback from speech activity, a new medium for creativity and a way to visually perceive a vocal performance......The Flying Cities artistic installation brings to life imaginary cities made from the speech input of visitors. In this article we describe the original interactive process generating real time 3D graphics from spectators' vocal inputs. This example of cross-modal interaction has the nice property...

  6. City 2020+

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, C.; Buttstädt, M.; Merbitz, H.; Sachsen, T.; Ketzler, G.; Michael, S.; Klemme, M.; Dott, W.; Selle, K.; Hofmeister, H.

    2010-09-01

    This research initiative CITY 2020+ assesses the risks and opportunities for residents in urban built environments under projected demographic and climate change for the year 2020 and beyond, using the City of Aachen as a case study. CITY 2020+ develops scenarios, options and tools for planning and developing sustainable future city structures. We investigate how urban environment, political structure and residential behavior can best be adapted, with attention to the interactions among structural, political, and sociological configurations and with their consequences on human health. Demographers project that in the EU-25-States by 2050, approximately 30% of the population will be over age 65. Also by 2050, average tem¬peratures are projected to rise by 1 to 2 K. Combined, Europe can expect enhanced thermal stress and higher levels of particulate matter. CITY 2020+ amongst other sub-projects includes research project dealing with (1) a micro-scale assessment of blockages to low-level cold-air drainage flow into the city centre by vegetation and building structures, (2) a detailed analysis of the change of probability density functions related to the occurrence of heat waves during summer and the spatial and temporal structure of the urban heat island (UHI) (3) a meso-scale analysis of particulate matter (PM) concentrations depending on topography, local meteorological conditions and synoptic-scale weather patterns. First results will be presented specifically from sub-projects related to vegetation barriers within cold air drainage, the assessment of the UHI and the temporal and spatial pattern of PM loadings in the city centre. The analysis of the cold air drainage flow is investigated in two consecutive years with a clearing of vegetation stands in the beginning of the second year early in 2010. The spatial pattern of the UHI and its possible enhancement by climate change is addressed employing a unique setup using GPS devices and temperature probes fixed to

  7. Sin City?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gautier, Pieter A.; Svarer, Michael; Teulings, Coen N.

    2007-01-01

    Is moving to the countryside a credible commitment device for couples? We investigate whether lowering the arrival rate of potential alternative partners by moving to a less populated area lowers the dissolution risk for a sample of Danish couples. We find that of the couples who married in the city

  8. Excite City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marling, Gitte; Kiib, Hans; Jensen, Ole B.

    This paper takes its point of departure in the pressure of the experience economy on European cities - a pressure which in recent years has found its expression in a number of comprehensive transformations of the physical and architectural environments, and new eventscapes related to fun and cult...

  9. Vacant city

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Marzot, N.

    2013-01-01

    Abandoned places that the crisis has multiplied, unaware wrecks of a project of civilization that has consumed its thrust and life-giving function, are waiting for new desirable interpretations, they are an expression of a possible city in opposition to the existing, even if not recognized by any in

  10. Drone City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Ole B.

    2016-01-01

    This paper address the phenomenon of drones and their potential relationship with the city from the point of view of the so-called “mobilities turn”. This is done in such a way that turns attention to a recent redevelopment of the “turn” towards design; so the emerging perspective of “mobilities...... design” will be used as a background perspective to reflect upon the future of drones in cities. The other perspective used to frame the phenomenon is the emerging discourse of the “smart city”. A city of proliferating digital information and data communication may be termed a smart city as shorthand...... on the block” that will potentially be a game-changer for urban governance, economics and everyday life. Here we are thinking of the unmanned aerial vehicle or drone as the popular term has it. Therefore, the paper asks how life in “drone city” may play out. Drones may alter the notion of surveillance by means...

  11. Sustainable Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Georg, Susse; Garza de Linde, Gabriela Lucía

    /assessment tool. The context for our study is urban regeneration in one Danish city, which had been suffering from industrial decline and which is currently investing in establishing a “sustainable city”. Based on this case study we explore how the insights and inspiration evoked in working with the tool...

  12. Minerogenic System of Magnesian Nonmetallic Deposits in Early Proterozoic Mg-rich Carbonate Formations in Eastern Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    In the early Proterozoic the Liryu Formation and Dashiqiao Formation of eastern Liaoning province, China, there are distributed Mg-rich carbonate rock formations, in which large to superlarge deposits of boron, magnesite, talc, Xiuyan jade etc. occur. The formation of these magnesian nonmetallic deposits was related to early Proterozoic evaporates; then these deposits underwent reworking of regional metamorphism and hydrothermal metasomatism during the Lüliang orogeny and tectono-magmatism during the Indosinian-Yanshanian. Among other things, the Mg-rich carbonates formations, minerogenetic structures and ore-forming fluids played a controlling role in the formation of the mineral deposits. The refore, it can be concluded that the mineral deposits are products of combined processes of the coupling of ore source field, fluid field, thermal field (energy field) and stress field under certain time-space conditions in the early Proterozoic and the late-stage superimposed reworking of tectono-magmatism.

  13. A New Genus of Fossil Cycads Yixianophyllum gen. nov. from the Late Jurassic Yixian Formation, Western Liaoning, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    A new genus of fossil Cycads, Yixianophyllum gen. nov., is reported here. The specimens were collected from the southern hill of Jinjiagou village, Toudaohezi Town, Yixian County, western Liaoning Province, China. The fossil plant-bearing bed belongs to the lower part, the Zhuanchengzi bed, of the Upper Jurassic Yixian Formation (Yixianian). The new genus in leaf shape, venation and epidermal structure shows a transitional form between Mesozoic Cycads (Ctenis, Nilssonia) and modern Cycads (Stangeria and Encephalartos). Since the features of these specimens differ from any known genera of Cycads, a new genetic name Yixianophyllum is proposed for these leaves. Typical species, Yixianophyllum jinjiagouense gen. et sp. nov. is described here. A supposed evolutionary tendency of Cycadean leaf-forms with Taeniopteris-type is discussed.

  14. Magnetic polarity ages of the fossil-bearing strata at the Si hetun section, West Liaoning:A preliminary result

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Rock-magnetic and palaeomagnetic studies have been carried out on the interval of famous fossil-bearing sedimentary rocks and its overlying basalts and underlying basalts at the Sihetun section, West Liaoning Province. Normal polarity was obtained for the sedimentary interval and the underlying basalts, while reversed polarity was found in the overlying basalts. Taking account of the new 40Ar/39Ar ages (Swisher et al., 1999), we classified the fossil-bearing sedimentary interval into the Barremian M3n zone (Early Cretaceous age). Several abnormal horizons on magnetic properties, probably corresponding to the tuffs,were observed in the fossil-bearing sedimentary interval.This implies that the massive bio-extinction may link to dramatic environmental changes that were caused by voleanic eruptions.``

  15. A New Species of Gobiconodon (Mammalia) from Western Liaoning, China and its Implication for the Dental Formula of Gobiconodon

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YUAN Chongxi; XU Li; ZHANG Xingliao; XI Yunhong; WU Yanhua; JI Qiang

    2009-01-01

    A new species of Gobiconodon from the Early Cretaceous in the Lujiatun locality of western Liaoning is erected based on an almost complete skull and lower jaw. It has a flatten skull roof, the lambdoidal crest is strongly curved forward, and the sagittal crest is short and low. There is a protuberance near the anterior base of the zygoma. The preservation of the upper teeth is very rare in all known Gobiconodon, and this provides important information for the study on the formula of Gobiconodon. The new species is the fifth primitive mammal unearthed from the Lujiatun locality, and is of great value for the study of the geological age of the stratigraphy at Lujiatun by primitive mammal material.

  16. Relationship between IRS-2G1057D variant and type 2 diabetes mellitus in Han population in Liaoning Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    KONG Ling-fang; QIAN Cong; ZHENG Xiao-min; HOU Yong-sheng; LI Qiang; LIU Guo-liang

    2005-01-01

    @@ The two major pathogeneses of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are insulin resistance and insulin secretion deficiency. During recent years, researches on the molecular target sites of insulin resistance and the mechanism of the signal transduction has made great progress: especially, the study of insulin receptor substrate-2 (IRS-2). Human IRS-2 gene is located at 13q8.6. IRS-2G1057D is a replacement of G (glycine) by D (aspartic acid) at site 1057 of insulin receptor substrate-2, which is caused by simple nucleotide polymorphism. The role of this variant is still not clear. We detected IRS-2G1057D variant in Han population in Liaoning Province by measuring body mass index (BMI), waistline/hip ratio (WHR) and other parameters of insulin secretion, as well as insulin action to explore the relationship between IRS-2G1057D variant and T2DM.

  17. Analysis of Climate Background and Circumfluence Situation of High-frequent Rainstorm in Huludao Region in August, 2010%2010年8月葫芦岛高频次暴雨的气候背景与环流形势分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖晶晶; 孟振雄; 刘闯; 贺屹巍; 包颖

    2013-01-01

    The climate background and circumfluence situation of high -frequent rainstorm in Huludao region in August, 2010 were analyzed by using the routine meteorological observation data, the middle - eastern equatorial Pacific sea surface temperature provided by China National Climate Centre, the zonal wind anomaly fields at 850 hPa and subtropical ridge line data, as well as the synoptic analysis method. The results showed that: compared with the same periods temperature in normal year, eastern Pacific sea surface temperature was 1.5 ~ 2. 5 ℃ lower since July, 2010, so eastern equatorial Pacific sea quickly stepped into the La Nina state. Central equatorial Pacific sea at 850 hPa in tropical regions appeared strong and negative zonal winds. Walker circumfluence had significant and enhanced positive trend. The subtropical high was rather strong, which was conducive to the transport of western Pacific warm and humid air flow along the edge of the subtropical high to the northeast area of China. Three rainstorm processes had complete allocation of lower - level convergence and upper - level divergence, and abundant water vapor with convective unstable stratification.%利用常规气象观测资料和国家气候中心的赤道中东太平洋海表温度、850 hPa纬向风距平和副热带高压脊线的数据,使用天气学分析方法,对2010年8月葫芦岛地区高频次暴雨的气候背景及环流形势进行分析.结果表明:2010年7月以来,赤道中东太平洋海表温度较常年同期偏低1.5 ~2.5℃,快速进入拉尼娜状态;热带地区低层850 hPa赤道中太平洋出现纬向风的强的负趋势,Walker环流有明显增强的正趋势;副高明显偏强,利于西太平洋暖湿的气流沿副高边缘向我国东北地区输送;3次暴雨过程均具有完整的高低空配置,低层辐合、高层辐散,水汽充沛,具有对流不稳定层结.

  18. 辽宁沿海经济带物流园区及大型专业物流中心布局优化研究%Research on logistics park and large-scale professional logistics center layout optimization of Liaoning coastal economic zone

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾在浜; 王利; 韩增林; 李谭

    2013-01-01

    On the basis of the features for layout of industries ,cities and ports in the Liaoning coastal economic zone ,the premises that the Liaoning coastal economic zone is preliminarily classified into 7 logistics areas for assembly and distribution ,with the application of data from yearbook in the year 2010 by county and city in the whole zone associated the study ,along with citation of planning data put forward by relevant research findings of scholars at home and at abroad as well ,in accordance with such demands as ones for logistics in transit ,industry ,life and agriculture ,demand for logistics market in current situation is studied and analyzed ,and demand for logistics market in the future is also predicted .Furthermore ,logistics parks coupled with large-scale professional logistics centers supporting system which are both port and port-orientated and look after both sides with such system for assembly and distribution in port and port as railway and highway are evaluated and studied with great consideration of almost every correlative aspect and weighing pros and cons closely and atten-tively ,and then an optimum schema is brought up at last but not least which is intimately aimed at the spatial layout of logistics parks as well as large-scale professional logistics centers in the Liaoning coastal economic zone .According to the analyzed and evaluated results ,in the end of the thesis ration-al and practical advice is proposed that 15 logistics parks and 41 large scale professional logistics cen-ters in the Liaoning coastal economic zone should have been planned and built by the year 2020 .%  根据辽宁沿海经济带产业、城市、港口布局特点,在对经济带初步划分为7个物流集散区的前提下,采用2010年各县市统计年鉴数据,引用相关研究成果提出的规划数据,针对过境物流需求、工业物流需求、生活物流需求、农业物流需求等进行研究。分析物流市场需求现状,预测

  19. Research on Path of Industrialization in Liaoning Folk Art%辽宁民间美术产业化的路径研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵迪

    2014-01-01

    Folk art is the trend of modern industrial development of cultural industries, and Liaoning which is the northeast old industrial base as its rich folk art resources, wide range, long history and craft superb skills. With the rapid development of China's commodity e-conomy, the industrial development of folk art has become an urgent demand of socio-economic and cultural development. This paper aims to analyze resource status Folk Art and Industrialization of Liaoning, folk art resources through the development process of industrial-ization in Liaoning Province bottlenecks encountered in the development path analysis to analyze Liaoning Folk Art industrialization. The purpose of this study is also the reason why this subject is located, hoping to make some of their modest industrial development of Liaon-ing Folk Art.%民间美术产业化是现代文化产业发展的大趋势,而辽宁作为东北的老工业基地,其民间美术资源丰富,门类齐全、历史悠久、技艺精湛。随着中国商品经济的快速发展,民间美术的产业化发展成为社会经济和文化发展的迫切需求。本文旨在对辽宁民间美术的资源状况和产业化发展现状进行分析,通过对辽宁省民间美术资源产业化发展过程中所遭遇的瓶颈的分析对辽宁民间美术的产业化进行发展路径的分析。这也是之所以研究此课题的目的所在,希望能为辽宁的民间美术的产业化发展尽一点自己的微薄之力。

  20. Petrogenesis and tectonic implications of the Neoarchean North Liaoning tonalitic-trondhjemitic gneisses of the North China Craton, North China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Maojiang; Liu, Shuwen; Wang, Wei; Wang, Kang; Yan, Ming; Guo, Boran; Bai, Xiang; Guo, Rongrong

    2016-12-01

    Tonalitic-trondhjemitic-granodioritic (TTG) gneisses are dominant lithological assemblages in Archean high grade metamorphic terranes in the world. These TTG gneisses preserve important information in formation and evolution of Archean continental crust. Tangtu-Majuanzi microblock in North Liaoning Province (NLP) is one of the major Neoarchean metamorphic basement terranes in the northeastern margin of the North China Craton (NCC). The Tangtu-Majuanzi microblock is composed mainly of Neoarchean tonalitic-trondhjemitic (TT) gneisses, subordinate granodioritic to monzogranitic association (GMA) and minor supracrustal rocks. The tonalitic-trondhjemitic gneisses are divided into high MgO Group (HMG) and low MgO Group (LMG) based on their chemical compositions. Detailed petrogenetic investigations suggest that the magmatic precursors of the HMG samples were derived from partial melting of subducted slabs and contaminated by the overlying mantle wedge during its ascent; whereas, magmatic precursors of the LMG samples were derived from the juvenile lower crust. LA-ICPMS zircon U-Pb isotopic dating analyses reveal that the magmatic precursors of the HMG samples were formed at 2553-2531 Ma. An older HMG tonalitic gneiss sample was discovered at Sandaoguan in the southmost of the studied area, with its magmatic precursor emplaced at 2680 Ma. The magmatic precursors of the LMG samples emplaced at 2595-2583 Ma. Combined with previous credible chronological data, our newly obtained zircon U-Pb dating and Lu-Hf isotopic data indicate that three episodes of magmatism at ∼2700-2680 Ma, ∼2600-2570 Ma and ∼2550-2510 Ma occurred in the Tangtu-Majuanzi microblock, and the TT gneisses in this microblock were subjected to generally amphibolite-facies metamorphism at ∼2520-2470 Ma. Based on the above Neoarchean crust-mantle thermal-dynamic processes, we propose that the Neoarchean magmatism and metamorphism in the Tangtu-Majuanzi microblock of North Liaoning Province occurred in

  1. Sustainable Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Georg, Susse; Garza de Linde, Gabriela Lucía

    Judging from the number of communities and cities striving or claiming to be sustainable and how often eco-development is invoked as the means for urban regeneration, it appears that sustainable and eco-development have become “the leading paradigm within urban development” (Whitehead 2003......), urban design competitions are understudied mechanisms for bringing about field level changes. Drawing on actor network theory, this paper examines how urban design competitions may bring about changes within the professional field through the use of intermediaries such as a sustainable planning....../assessment tool. The context for our study is urban regeneration in one Danish city, which had been suffering from industrial decline and which is currently investing in establishing a “sustainable city”. Based on this case study we explore how the insights and inspiration evoked in working with the tool...

  2. Sharing City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    This magazine offers an insight into the growing commercial innovation, civic movements, and political narratives surrounding sharing economy services, solutions and organisational types. It presents a cross-section of the manifold sharing economy services and solutions that can be found in Denmark....... Solutions of sharing that seeks to improve our cities and local communities in both urban and rural environments. 24 sharing economy organisations and businesses addressing urban and rural issues are being portrayed and seven Danish municipalities that have explored the potentials of sharing economy....... Moreover, 15 thought leading experts - professionals and academic - have been invited to give their perspective on sharing economy for cities. This magazine touches upon aspects of the sharing economy as mobility, communities, sustainability, business development, mobility, and urban-rural relation....

  3. 辽宁地区发展对朝边境贸易SWOT分析%A SWOT-based Analysis of the Frontier Trade between Liaoning Province and Democratic People's Republic of Korea

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖杨; 刘秀玲; 朱瑞雪

    2011-01-01

    In developing the frontier trade between Liaoning province and Democratic People's Republic of Korea(hereafter referred to as DPRK),Liaoning province is possessed of unique advantages,whether geographically,culturally,or in market.However,disadvantages of Liaoning province,such as unreasonable commodity structures,weak operator entities,lack of export-oriented production bases and disorderly markets all exist in the frontier trade between Liaoning and DPRK.With the economic reform progressing inside DPRK,the DPRK-ROK(Republic of Korea) and DPRK-Japan trade decreasing and the two great development strategies(developing and opening to the world the Liaoning Coastal Economic Belt and building the Shenyang Economic Zone) exercised,Liaoning is meeting a new development opportunity in the Liaoning-DPRK frontier trade.Meanwhile,some negative factors from home and abroad are bringing challenges to the development of the Liaoning-DPRK frontier trade.Therefore,in order to promote the Liaoning-DPRK frontier trade,Liaoning should make full use of its advantages and opportunities,overcome the disadvantages and cope with the challenges.%辽宁发展对朝边境贸易有着特有的地理优势、人文优势和市场优势,但也存在商品结构不尽合理、经营主体实力不强、缺乏边境贸易出口生产基地、市场秩序混乱等劣势;随着朝鲜国内经济改革的推进,朝韩、朝日贸易减少和辽宁沿海经济带开发开放及沈阳经济区两大发展战略的实施,辽宁对朝边境贸易迎来了新的发展机遇,同时,来自国内外的多种不利因素也给辽宁对朝边境贸易发展带来了挑战,辽宁应有效利用自身的优势和良好的发展机遇,克服存在的劣势,应对挑战,推进对朝边境贸易的进一步发展。

  4. A new iguanodontid (Jin zhousaurus yangi gen. et sp.nov.) from the Yixian For mation of western Liaoning,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    A new iguanodontid, Jinzhousaurus yangi gen. et sp. nov., is erected based on the cranial and dental morphology of a specimen from the Yixian Formation of western Liaoning. Although a few primitive characteristics remain, Jinzhousaurus yangi display a number of character istics similar to those seen in derived iguanodontids. Other interesting characteristics include the absence of antorbital fenestra and the frontal excluded from the participation in orbit, which are closer to the condition in hadrosaurids. The unusual combination of the characteristics provides impor tant data for assessing morphological evolution toward hadrosaurs. The new discovery also represents the first re ported large-sized dinosaur from Jehol fauna in western Liaoning, and increases the diversity of this famous fauna.Furthermore, the discovery of a derived iguanodontid from the Yixian Formation provides further evidence supporting a Cretaceous age of the Jehol fauna, which is consistent with an isotopic age.

  5. 辽宁省科学施肥现状与发展对策%Status of Logical Fertilizing and Countermeasures for the Development in Liaoning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘顺国

    2015-01-01

    Fertilizer is consumed greatly in Liaoning province, yet the efficiency is low. The article searches and analyzes the existing main problems on the basis of studying present fertilizing status in the whole province, and provides feasible countermeasures and sug-gestions from the aspects of content and measures, in order to provide a reference for promoting the development of logical fertilizing in Liaoning.%辽宁省是肥料消费大省,但肥料利用率较低。在分析当前全省施肥现状的基础上,查找、分析存在的主要问题,并从内容及措施方面提出切实可行的对策与建议,以期为促进辽宁省科学施肥发展提供有益参考。

  6. Molecular characterization of HOXC8 gene and methylation status analysis of its exon 1 associated with the length of cashmere fiber in Liaoning cashmere goat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bai, Wen L; Wang, Jiao J; Yin, Rong H; Dang, Yun L; Wang, Ze Y; Zhu, Yu B; Cong, Yu Y; Deng, Liang; Guo, Dan; Wang, Shi Q; Yang, Shu H; Xue, Hui L

    2017-02-01

    Homeobox protein Hox-C8 (HOXC8) is a member of Hox family. It is expressed in the dermal papilla of the skin and is thought to be associated with the hair inductive capacity of dermal papilla cells. In the present study, we isolated and characterized a full-length open reading frame of HOXC8 cDNA from the skin tissue of Liaoning cashmere goat, as well as, established a phylogenetic relationship of goat HOXC8 with that of other species. Also, we investigated the effect of methylation status of HOXC8 exon 1 at anagen secondary hair follicle on the cashmere fiber traits in Liaoning cashmere goat. The sequence analysis indicated that the obtained cDNA was 1134-bp in length containing a complete ORF of 729-bp. It encoded a peptide of 242 amino acid residues in length. The structural analysis indicated that goat HOXC8 contained a typical homeobox domain. The phylogenetic analysis revealed that Capra hircus HOXC8 had a closer genetic relationship with that of Ovis aries, followed by Bos Taurus and Bubalus bubalis. The methylation analysis suggested that the methylation degree of HOXC8 exon 1 in anagen secondary hair follicle might be involved in regulating the growth of cashmere fiber in Liaoning cashmere goat. Our results provide new evidence for understanding the molecular structural and evolutionary characteristics of HOXC8 in Liaoning cashmere goat, as well as, for further insight into the role of methylation degree of HOXC8 exon 1 regulates the growth of cashmere fiber in goat.

  7. Research on sustainable development of equipment manufacturing industry in Liaoning Province%辽宁省装备制造业可持续发展研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王竹芳; 李莹莹

    2012-01-01

    Liaoning Province is a heavy industry base in China,and the equipment manufacturing industry is the key industry of industrial development in Liaoning Province.The sustainable development of equipment manufacturing industry becomes the key of realizing the sustainable economic development in Liaoning Province.Based on analyzing the status quo of development and the situation of resource and environment of equipment manufacturing industry,four paths to realize the sustainable development of equipment manufacturing industry in Liaoning Province under the restriction of resource and environment are proposed,namely,to perfect the laws and regulations,to improve the ability of independent innovation,to optimize the industrial structure,and to develop the new strategic industries.%辽宁省是我国的重工业基地,而装备制造业又是辽宁工业发展的重点行业,因而装备制造业的可持续发展成为实现辽宁省经济可持续发展的关键。在分析装备制造业发展现状及资源环境状况的基础上,提出辽宁省装备制造业在资源环境约束下实现可持续发展的4条路径,即法律法规的完善、自主创新能力的提升、产业结构的优化与战略性新兴产业的发展。

  8. Multiple Factors Analysis of Export Trade in Liaoning Province%辽宁省出口贸易的多因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐红明; 孔子悦; 郝思婷; 史丹妮

    2015-01-01

    In order to better development of export trade in Liaoning province, using econometric measurement method and E-views software, for exports and GDP of Liaoning province, Liaoning province, the RMB exchange rate ( average per person per year, the dollar) , the consumer price index, the town of new fixed assets by regression analysis, and the model of time series stationarity, multicollinearity test, heteroscedasticity and autocorrelation. It is concluded that the final model, analysis shows that the consumer price index, the RMB exchange rate to the product export has a high correlation, followed by GDP, town of new fixed assets also impact on export trade in Liaoning.%为了更好的发展辽宁省出口贸易,运用计量经济学的计量方法以及E-views软件,对辽宁省出口额、辽宁省地区生产总值、人民币汇率(人均年平均数,对美元)、居民消费价格指数、城镇新增固定资产进行回归分析,并且对模型的时间序列平稳性、多重共线性、异方差以及自相关进行检验。得出最终模型,分析表明居民消费价格指数、人民币汇率对产品出口具有很高的相关性,其次是地区生产总值,城镇新增固定资产也对辽宁出口贸易产生影响。

  9. Analysis on the Development in Green Food Industry in Liaoning%辽宁绿色食品产业发展分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李素艳

    2012-01-01

    This article examines the advantages in developing green food industry for Liaoning province and the existent problems in this respect as well as the opportunities and challenges that Liaoning faces. The author emphasizes that developing green food industry is an inevitable choice for Liaoning province in that it can stimulate the construction of modem agriculture and improve farm products competitiveness in the market and eventually keep rise in the economic growth for the whole province.%辽宁绿色食品产业的发展有一定的基础。在综合运用比较优势、竞争优势的基础上,对辽宁绿色食品产业发展的优势、存在的问题以及面临的机遇和挑战进行深层剖析,提出大力发展绿色食品产业是辽宁的必然选择,有利于建设现代农业,提高农产品市场竞争力,从而提高全省经济发展水平。

  10. Investigating of the situation of kindergarten bilingual teaching in Liaoning province%辽宁省幼儿园双语教学情况的调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王倩

    2014-01-01

    20世纪90年代以来,低龄化、与教育研究相结合、与学科内容相渗透已成为国际第二语言教学改革的三大趋势。辽宁地处我国东北老工业区,相对于东部沿海开放较早的地区,在外语教育教学的方面,尤其是学前儿童外语启蒙教学,正在不停的吸收好的经验,本文结合辽宁省自身的区域特点,旨在研究辽宁省学前幼儿英语教育的现状,并在此基础上探寻一条行之有效的路。%Since the 1990 s, education face young children, and integrate with subject content has become an international trend of second language teaching reform. Liaoning province is located in the northeast China old industrial zone, in the teaching of foreign language education, especially preschool children's foreign language teaching enlightenment, is absorbing good experience. Combining with the characteristics of its own area in Liaoning province, this paper aims to study the present status of preschool children's English education in Liaoning province, on the basis of exploring an effective way.

  11. Problems Existing in Agricultural Vocational Education and Its Countermeasures in Liaoning%辽宁农业职业教育存在的问题及对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董宁

    2015-01-01

    Looking from education background of vocational technology in Liaoning, the agricultural vocational education is weak. In the article, it analyzed the main problems existing in agricultural vocational education in Liaoning from the aspects of enrollment, funding, teaching and production practice, professional setting, teaching staff and teaching material, and raised related countermeasures, in order to promote the development of agricultural vocational education in Liaoning.%从辽宁职业技术教育大背景看,农业职业技术教育仍属薄弱环节。从招生、资金、教学与生产实践、专业设置、师资队伍、教材等方面,深入分析辽宁农业职业教育存在的主要问题,并提出相应的对策,为促进辽宁农业职业教育更好发展提供参考。

  12. 辽宁省农机工业发展研究%Research on the Development of Agricultural Machinery Industry in Liaoning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金英慧

    2012-01-01

    农业机械的生产与发展是实现我国农业机械化和农业现代化的基础保证。辽宁省是工业大省,但其农机工业的发展缓慢。阐述辽宁省农机工业的发展现状,预测今后农机市场的需求形式,分析辽宁省农机工业发展的方向,并提出相应的对策与建议。%The production and development of agricultural machinery is a very basis for realizing agricultural mechanization and agricul- tural modernization. Yet the development in agricultural machinery industry in Liaoning is slow despite the fact that it is large industrial province. This article examines the present development state of this sector in Liaoning, predicts its future requirement patterns, analyzes the development direction of this industry in Liaoning, and pus forward correspondent proposals and measures.

  13. Constraints on the upper boundary age of the Tiaojishan Formation volcanic rocks in West Liaoning-North Hebei by LA-ICP-MS dating

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Hong; WANG MingXin; LIU XiaoMing

    2008-01-01

    In West Liaoning-North Hebei, the Tiaojishan Formation volcanic rocks are developed and many iso-topic ages with a very wide age range were obtained in them as well. These different ages have direct influence on confirming and interpreting the related geological issues in West Liaoning-North Hebei and have restricted the study of geological problems related. In the field, the Tiaojishan Formation and the overlying Tuchengzi Formation are in parallel unconformable contact. By systematical sampling and dating of LA-ICP-MS in the Tiaojishan Formation (especially in the upper part) in Luanping, Chengde basins of Northern Hebei Province and in Lingyuan, Jinlingsi-Yangshan basins of Western Liaoning Province, combined with the dating data obtained by previous researchers, results indicatethat the upper boundary age of the Tiaojishan Formation is from 156 to 153 Ma, and the lower boundary age of the Tiaojishan Formation is about 165 Ma, the Tiaojishan Formation was formed from the late of middle Jurassic to late Jurassic Epoch.

  14. Iodine nutritional status of residents in Liaoning province%辽宁省居民碘营养状况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王健辉; 阚忠媛; 王偲茜; 辛玉梅; 郑照霞; 王恩来; 刘微

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解辽宁省居民碘营养状况,为制订碘缺乏病预防控制策略提供科学依据.方法 在辽宁省10个沿海县区和3个内陆县区各随机抽取1个乡镇(街道),随机抽取30户居民,采用3d称量法调查每个家庭所有成员的摄盐量;随机抽取8~10岁儿童50人,18 ~50岁成人、怀孕和哺乳妇女各30人采集1次随意尿样和居民的饮用水水样,检测尿样、水样的碘含量.结果 13县区调查点水碘水平为(3.7±3.2) μg/L,居民碘盐覆盖率为96.4%(376/389),合格碘盐食用率为95.4% (372/389),食盐碘含量中位数为30.5 mg/kg;居民尿碘中位数为202.9 μg/L,其中,儿童、成人、孕妇和哺乳妇女的中位数分别为213.9、228.1、188.6和180.7μg/L;居民日均摄盐量为9.3g,摄盐量<6g居民占27.2% (106/390).结论 现行碘盐浓度下,居民碘营养基本处于适宜水平,应继续食用加碘盐,但其加碘量尚有微量的下调空间.%Objective To understand the iodine nutrition status of the residents in Liaoning province and to provide evidence for making strategies of control and prevention of iodine deficient disorders. Methods The iodine nutritional status was examiced among 8-10 years old children, 18 -50 years adults,pregnant and breastfeeding women randomly selected from 5 districts and 5 counties in 5 coastal cities and 3 counties away from coastline at least 100 km. Thirty households were selected from each sample area to determine individual salt consumption with 3 day weighting method. The urine samples were collected and detected among 50 children,30 adults,30 pregnant wowen.and 30 breastfeeding women selected in each district or county. The iodine contents in the drinking water from the study area were also determined. Results The average daily salt intake was 9.3 grams in 390 households investigated. For the 389 salt samples,376 were iodized salt and 372 had qualified iodine content with a median of 30.5 mg/kg. The coverage rate of iodized

  15. 城市职业人群自测健康状况及影响因素分析%Self-rated health suatus and its influencing factors among urban occupational populations in Liaoning province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田丹; 刘懿卿

    2011-01-01

    Objective To understand the status of self-rated health among urban cocupational populations and to explore factors associated with self-rated health, and to provide scientific basis for developing related indicators. Methods With multistage stratified sampling,Dandong and Yingkou city were selected in Liaoning porvince. In sample cities,5 occupational populations including civel servants, scientifec and technical personnel, administrative staff, teachers and physical workers aged 18 -60 years were assessed with Self-Rated Health Measurement Scale Version 1.0( SRHMS V1. 0). Results Overall 2 391 valid questionnaires were obtained. The SRHMS score of the respondents was 75.28± 12.73. In the 5 occupational populations ,civil servants had the highest total socre( 79. 34 ± 10. 80 ), followed by scientific and technical personnel( 79. 73 ± 11. 13 ), physical workers ( 73. 38 ± 12. 59 ), administrative staff( 72.97 ± 14. 4 ), and teachers ( 70. 93 ±11.92)( P =0. 000). The results of multiple linear regression showed that the teachers and the divorced had a lower total score( P = 0.000 ) and the respondents who were younger or with higher education level had a higher total socre ( P < 0.005 ). Conclusion Teachers had the poorest self-rated health among the 5 occupational populations in Liaoning.Self-rated health status is associated with residence,age,education level, marital status, and occupation.%目的 了解城市职业人群健康状况及影响因素,为制定相关评价指标提供科学依据.方法 采用多阶段分层抽样方法,在辽宁省丹东、营口市抽取18~60岁城市公务员、科技人员、企事业管理人员、教师、体力劳动者5类职业人群进行问卷调查,采用自测健康评定量表(SRHMS V1.0)对其健康状况进行评价.结果 本次调查共收回有效问卷2 391份,调查对象自测健康评定量表总分平均为(75.28±12.73)分,5类职业人群中,公务员量表总分为(79.34±10.80)

  16. On Students' Management under the Mode of Higher Vocational Incubation in Liaoning Province%谈辽宁省高职高专“孵化”模式下的学生管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高德朋

    2012-01-01

    With the deepening reform of higher education and the rapid development of higher education in Liaoning province,running application-oriented undergraduate education raise a claim for students' management work through incubation method in the city of scarce educational resource.Higher vocational colleges should start from their own condition,and understand the production background of incubation running mode and the present condition of management for higher vocational students.It can find the specificity of students' management under the running mode of incubation,and analyze the new problem probably occurred in students' management.It finally promotes higher vocational students' happiness of entrance.%随着辽宁省高等教育改革的深化和高等教育的蓬勃发展,在教育资源稀缺城市,通过"孵化"办学方式举办应用性本科教育,这对学生管理工作提出更高要求。高职高专院校必须从自身情况出发,了解"孵化"办学模式的产生背景和高职高专学生管理现状,找出"孵化"办学模式下学生管理的特殊性,分析学生管理中可能出现的新问题,最终是要提升高职高专学生的入学幸福度。

  17. Learning Cities as Healthy Green Cities: Building Sustainable Opportunity Cities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kearns, Peter

    2012-01-01

    This paper discusses a new generation of learning cities we have called EcCoWell cities (Economy, Community, Well-being). The paper was prepared for the PASCAL International Exchanges (PIE) and is based on international experiences with PIE and developments in some cities. The paper argues for more holistic and integrated development so that…

  18. Branding Cities, Changing Societies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ooi, Can-Seng

    Societal changes are seldom discussed in the literature on city branding. The time element is important because it highlights the fluctuating reality of society. The city brand message freezes the place but in fact, the city branding exercise is a continuous process. Society emerges too. City...... brands are supposed to accentuate the uniqueness of the city, be built from the bottom-up and reflect the city's identity. This paper highlights three paradoxes, pointing out that city branding processes can also make cities more alike, bring about societal changes and forge new city identities. A city...... branding campaign does not just present the city, it may change the city. The relationships between the branding exercise and the city are intertwined in the evolution of the place....

  19. [Time lag effect between poplar' s sap flow velocity and microclimate factors in agroforestry system in West Liaoning Province].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Di, Sun; Guan, De-xin; Yuan, Feng-hui; Wang, An-zhi; Wu, Jia-bing

    2010-11-01

    By using Granier's thermal dissipation probe, the sap flow velocity of the poplars in agroforestry system in west Liaoning was continuously measured, and the microclimate factors were measured synchronously. Dislocation contrast method was applied to analyze the sap flow velocity and corresponding air temperature, air humidity, net radiation, and vapor pressure deficit to discuss the time lag effect between poplar' s sap flow velocity and microclimate factors on sunny days. It was found that the poplar's sap flow velocity advanced of air temperature, air humidity, and vapor pressure deficit, and lagged behind net radiation. The sap flow velocity in June, July, August, and September was advanced of 70, 30, 50, and 90 min to air temperature, of 80, 30, 40, and 90 min to air humidity, and of 90, 50, 70, and 120 min to vapor pressure deficit, but lagged behind 10, 10, 40, and 40 min to net radiation, respectively. The time lag time of net radiation was shorter than that of air temperature, air humidity, and vapor pressure. The regression analysis showed that in the cases the time lag effect was contained and not, the determination coefficients between comprehensive microclimate factor and poplar's sap flow velocity were 0.903 and 0.855, respectively, indicating that when the time lag effect was contained, the determination coefficient was ascended by 2.04%, and thus, the simulation accuracy of poplar's sap flow velocity was improved.

  20. A Possible Long-tailed Bird with a Pygostyle from the Late Mesozoic Yixian Formation,Western Liaoning,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    L(U) Junchang; HOU Lianhai

    2005-01-01

    An incomplete caudal vertebral series (IVPP V11309) from the Yixian Formation of late Mesozoic,Jianshangou area of B eipiao, western Liaoning Province, may represent a new bird. The tail is composed of at least 12 free caudal vertebrae and the most distal 5 caudal vertebrae co-ossified into a pygostyle. The pygostyle is plate-like and slightly curved dorsally. The anterior free caudals are amphiplatyan. The anterior caudal surfaces of the last three free caudals are concave, but their posterior articular surfaces are convex. The pygostyle is regarded as the first appeared flight apparatus during the evolutionary process from Archaeopteryx to neornithes. The pygostyle appeared in most early fossil birds and almost all the modern birds. Although their morphologies are different, they are basically formed by at least four last caudal vertebrae. The specimen V11309 is regarded as a bird rather than a non-avian theropod dinosaur based on the following characters: short caudal vertebrae, numerous pits present on the surfaces of the centra and, a foramen present between the basal part of the fused neural spines, which is similar to that of Struthio camelus. The discoveries of pygostyles from the therizinosauroids and oviraptorosaurs may provide strong evidence for supporting the origin of birds from small theropod dinosaurs. The structure of the pygostyle in specimen V11309 is different from those of Beipiaosaurus (Therizinosauroid) and Nomingia (oviraptorosaur). The most parsimonious interpretation is that these pygostyle-like structures are independently acquired by Beipiaosaurus and Nomingia during their evolutionary process.

  1. Biomarkers in the Molar Tooth (MT)-Bearing Limestones in the Jilin-Liaoning Area of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    旷红伟; 李艳霞; 曾艳涛; 孟祥化; 葛铭

    2004-01-01

    The origin of Molar Tooth(MT)carbonates has been argued for more than 100 years, which are a kind of Proterozoic carbonates especially composed of microsparite with ptygmatically folded and sheet-like structures. Biomarkers detected in the microcalcsparite from the Wanlong and Xingmincun formations in the Jilin-Liaoning area showed there are abundant normal alkanes, isoprenoids, hopanes, steranes, alkylmethylcyclohexanes, and alkylcyclohexanes, indicating a diversity of biological source: long-chain isoprenoids, the major components of chlorophyll, such as C-19, C-20, a kind of major biomarkers synthesized early by isoprenoid monomers; hopanes a type of characteristic biomarkers from prokaryote, such as archaebacteria and cyanobacteria; sterane a biomarker for eukaryote; and two kinds of alkanes with C-17, C-18 as the main peaks representing aquatic bacteria and with C-23, C-24 as the main peaks representing fungi, respectively. Biomarker analysis showed that MT is the result of bacterial and algal activities, which is a kind of organisms between aerobic and anaerobic bacteria, reproducing well in normal or slightly saline sea water under weak oxidation-reduction conditions, resulting in rapid deposition of calcite as microsparite due to some mechanisms.

  2. Genesis types of the Neoproterozoic Molar tooth structures in the southeastern Jilin and eastern Liaoning provinces and its research significances

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Molar tooth(briefly called MT) carbonate is one of the Proterozoic carbonates with enigmatic sedimentary structure. According to the morphology of MT,it can be divided into two main genesis-morphology types,i.e.,autochthonous and allochthonous,and each type can be further divided into a series of subtypes. The autochthonous MT can be divided into filamentous(MF1) ,ribbon,nodular and dotted type(MF4) ,in which the ribbon one can be subdivided into simple vertical(MF2) and complex ribbon(MF3) ,broken ribbon by storm in situ(MF5) and MT within nodular limestone(MF6) . Allochthonous MT includes conglomerate clasts and horizontal detritus. Studying on the links between MT and the host rocks on five stratigraphic sections in the southeastern Jilin and eastern Liaoning indicates that the morphology of MT is closely related to host rocks,and seven genetic types by relationships between MT and the host rocks with facies interpretations are classified and discussed in this paper. The sedimentary environments of MT formation will be diverse if their morphologies are different.

  3. Geochemical characteristics and petrogenesis of Mesozoic basalts from the North China Craton: A case study in Fuxin, Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    Occurrence of Cretaceous basalts in Fuxin County, Liaoning Province provides us an opportunity to understand Mesozoic mantle processes beneath the northern margin of the North China Craton (NNCC). Fuxin Jianguo basalts occur as volcanic channel phases with well-developed columnar jointings and contain few spinel lherzolite and pyroxenite xenoliths. They are poor in silica and rich in alkalis, Ti and Al, belonging to alkaline basalts. In trace element compositions, Jianguo basalts are moderately enriched in LREE and LILE, but not depleted in HFSE. They have low Sr and high Nd and Pb isotopic ratios. These geochemical characteristics suggest that Jianguo basalts originated from the depleted asthenosphere, representing an undifferentiated and uncontaminated primitive magma. Presence of these basalts indicates that the lithosphere beneath the region had thickness less than 65 km at the time of basalt eruption and was mainly composed of fertile pargasite-bearing spinel lherzolite and plagioclase pyroxenite. The voluminous basaltic-andesitic magmatism during the early Jurassic-late Cretaceous time indicates that the commencement and accomplishment of lithosphere thinning in the NNCC was much earlier than that in the southern margin, since the mafic-intermediate volcanism only occurred at the Cretaceous time in the southern margin and the basalts with an asthenosphere isotopic signature at the Tertiary. This shows that highly spatial and temporal heterogeneity existed in the Mesozoic lithosphere evolution.

  4. [Community structure and biological integrity of periphyton in Hunhe River water system of Liaoning Province, Northeast China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, Xu-wang; Zhang, Yuan; Qu, Xiao-dong; Liu, Ying; Li, Qing-nan; Meng, Wei

    2011-10-01

    Taking the Hunhe River water system in Liaoning Province of Northeast China as a case, this paper investigated the community structure of periphyton and the physical and chemical characteristics of water environment at 62 sampling sites, and, by using the biological integrity index of periphyton (P-IBI) and the habitat environment quality index (QHEI), a health assessment on the aquatic ecosystem of the water system was conducted. There was a great spatial heterogeneity in the periphyton community structure, and the sampling sites could be divided into 4 groups, with significant differences in the community structure, species richness, density, and Shannon diversity index among the groups. Canonical correspondence analysis (CCA) showed that ammonia nitrogen (NH4(+)-N) and dissolved phosphorus (PO4(3-)-P) were the main water environment factors driving the formation of the periphyton community structure in the water system. The health assessment of the water system based on P-IBI and QHEI was basically in consistency, though the assessment of several reaches had large discrepancy. Overall, the Suzi River at the upper reaches of the water system had a better health status, while the upper reaches of Hunhe River and the main stream of Hunhe River at its middle and lower reaches were worse in health.

  5. [Water and soil conservation function of typical plantation forest ecosystems in semi-arid region of Western Liaoning Province].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Ping; Guo, Fang; Luo, Yue-Chu; Wei, Jing; Sun, Xiao-Wei; Wu, Gang

    2007-12-01

    From the aspects of surface runoff and soil erosion, this paper quantitatively studied the water and soil conservation function of five plantation forest ecosystems in semi-arid region of Western Liaoning Province. The results showed that various types of test plantation forest ecosystems were all able to reduce surface runoff and soil erosion effectively. In June - September, the monthly mean surface runoff coefficient of Pinus tabulaeformis forest ecosystem, P. tabulaeformis - Hippophae rhamnoides forest ecosystem, H. rhamnoides forest ecosystem, P. simonii forest ecosystem, and P. simonii - H. rhamnoides forest ecosystem was 10.1%, 6.5%, 2.3%, 8.6% and 5.3% of that of barren hill, respectively, and the soil erosion quantity was 2.65%, 0.96%, 0.15%, 2.32% and 0.69% of that of barren hill, respectively. Among the five forest ecosystems, H. rhamnoides forest ecosystem had the least surface runoff and soil erosion, being the best in water and soil conservation function.

  6. Influence of different dietary zinc levels on cashmere growth, plasma testosterone level and zinc status in male Liaoning Cashmere goats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, H Y; Sun, M H; Yang, G Q; Jia, C L; Zhang, M; Zhu, Y J; Zhang, Y

    2015-10-01

    The experiment was conducted to investigate the influence of different levels of zinc (Zn) on cashmere growth, plasma testosterone and Zn profile in male Cashmere goats. Twenty-eight male Liaoning Cashmere goats, 3 years old and body weight at 56.2 ± 2.45 kg, were assigned to four groups. The animals were fed a basal diet containing of 45.9 mg Zn/kg dry matter (DM) basis and supplemented with 0, 20, 40 or 80 mg Zn (reagent grade ZnSO₄ ·7H₂ O) per kg DM for 90 days. There was no significant effect on growth and diameter of cashmere fibre for Zn supplemented in diets. However, the length and growth rate of wool were improved (p goats fed on the diet supplemented with 40 or 80 mg Zn/kg DM compared with those fed on basal diet. Plasma Zn concentrations increased (p 0.05). The activity of plasma alkaline phosphatase was increased (p 0.05). In conclusion, Zn content (45.9 mg Zn/kg DM) in control diet was insufficient for optimal wool growth performance, and we recommended the level of dietary Zn for such goats is 86 mg/kg DM during the breeding season and cashmere fibre growing period. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition © 2015 Blackwell Verlag GmbH.

  7. 辽宁航运市场评价研究%Research on Shipping Market Assessment of Liaoning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘戈; 陈燕

    2012-01-01

    Fuzzy compressive assessment methods are adopted, assessment index system for shipping market is built up, current situation of shipping market in Liaoning Province is analyzed quantitatively by means of grading by professionals, and strengths and weaknesses of shipping market cultivation environment in the whole province is as- sessed mathematically, providing advantageous support for scientific decision - making by administrative authority to promote good development of shipping market.%采用模糊综合评价方法,构建了航运市场评价指标体系,通过专家打分的途径,定量分析了辽宁省航运市场现状,用数学方式评价了全省航运市场培育环境的优势、劣势,为管理机关科学决策促进航运市场良好发展提供有利支撑。

  8. Expats rank Chinese cities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    By Lv Dong

    2012-01-01

    Beijing, April The results of the "2011 Amazing China- The Most Attractive Chinese Cities for Foreigners" election are released. Expats choose Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin and other cities as Chinas 10 most attractive cities for foreigners.

  9. Pittsburgh City Facilities

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — Pittsburgh City FacilitiesIncludes: City Administrative Buildings, Police Stations, Fire Stations, EMS Stations, DPW Sites, Senior Centers, Recreation Centers, Pool...

  10. Pittsburgh City Facilities

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — Pittsburgh City FacilitiesIncludes: City Administrative Buildings, Police Stations, Fire Stations, EMS Stations, DPW Sites, Senior Centers, Recreation Centers,...

  11. Cities, Towns and Villages - City Limit (polygon)

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — Data available online through GeoStor at http://www.geostor.arkansas.gov. Arkansas Cities: This data set contains all of the city limit boundaries within the state...

  12. 日本福岛核事故对辽宁省局部地区环境放射性水平的影响%The impact of Japanese Fukushima nuclear accident on environmental radiation levels in some areas of Liaoning province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石二为; 崔勇; 张谦; 李涤; 李鑫; 要爽; 刘明辉; 郭军巧

    2012-01-01

    目的 评价日本福岛第一核电站核泄漏事故对辽宁省局部地区环境放射性水平的影响程度.方法 对大气气溶胶、沉降灰、饮用水、蔬菜、牛奶、海产品进行γ核素的能谱测量和总放射性分析;对人工裂变核素131I、134Cs和137Cs等放射性水平进行应急监测.结果 核事故发生20 d后,在大气中陆续监测到了人工核素131I以及134Cs、137Cs,最高浓度分别为4.6 ×10-3、2.9 ×10-4和4.2×10-4Bq/m3,并分别持续存在25、4和6d.沈阳采集的蔬菜、牛奶、饮用水以及丹东产的海产品中未发现人工核素.结论 日本核事故对辽宁省大气造成了轻度污染,但未对蔬菜、牛奶及饮用水造成污染.%Objective To investigate the environmental impact of the Japanese Fukushima No.1 nuclear power plant accident on radiation levels in some areas of Liaoning province.Methods The emergent monitoring was performed by detecting atmosphere aerosols,precipitations,drinking water,vegetables,milk and seafood by gamma spectrometry analysis and gross activity measurements.Results The fission radionuclides of 131I,134Cs and 137Cs were detected in atmosphere aerosols 20 d after nuclear accident.The rad ionuclides of 131I,134Cs and 137Cs were found existing in atmosphere for 25,4 and 6 d,respectively,with the highest concentrations of 4.6 × 10 3,2.9 × 10-4 and 4.2 × 10-4 Bq/m3,respectively.The man-made fission radionuclides could not be detected in vegetablcs,drinking water and milk from Shenyang city and seafood from Dandong city.Conclusions The atmosphere might be slightly contaminated in Liaoning province due to the nuclear accident,whereas the vegetables,milk and drinking water not contaminated.

  13. SWOT Analysis on the Expansion of Logistics Function in Expressway Service Areas in Liaoning%辽宁省高速公路服务区拓展物流功能的SWOT分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周汀洋

    2012-01-01

    Based on adequate consideration of the characteristics and development tendency of the economy,expressway service areas and logistics in Liaoning,the strengths weaknesses,opportunities threats of the expansion of logistics function in highway service areas in Liaoning are analyzed in this paper with SWOT analysis method for the reference of logistics industry development in Liaoning.%在充分考虑辽宁的经济、高速公路服务区和物流的现状特点与发展趋势基础上,利用SWOT分析法,对辽宁高速公路服务区拓展物流功能的优势、劣势、机会和威胁进行分析,可为辽宁省物流产业发展提供参考。

  14. City positioning theories and city core competencies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xinquan; Zhu

    2007-01-01

    Gity positioning The Chinese city in a decision develops the topic of the destiny. Since the 90's of 20 centuries, the economic integral and globalization developed rapidly. The development make national boundary become not so important, the function of the city is increasingly outstanding. In other words, national competition ability is morally now on the city competition ability. At the same time, this development result that the industry is divided internationally and is divided in cities. Therefore, under the condition of globalization, if the city wants the superior development, it must take advantages and avoid shortage, to position the city accurately, establish the competition and development the strategy. The city positioning is clearly defined the city competition ability, more important it indicated the direction of the city development. Trough the analysis of the resource and environment of the city, decide an accurate position of the best function of the city, well configure the inner and outside resource, catch the opportunities,face the challenges, maximized the market share in order to maximized the wealth and city competition ability.

  15. Investigation of bone mineral density of the phalanx in healthy people in Southwest region of Liaoning%辽西南部健康体检者指骨骨密度的调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛滨勇; 李岩; 宋大为; 马威; 徐飞

    2011-01-01

    Objective This study investigated the current status of bone mineral density of healthy adults in southwest region of Liaoning province, and provided scientific evidence of diagnosis and prevention for osteoporosis. Methods Mean values of bone mineral density of the 2-4 phalanx were measured in 1204 healthy Han nationality people in Panjin city (598 males and 606 females, aged from 20 to 70 years old,grouped by every 10 years), using MertiscanTM bone mineral density equipment. Osteopenia and osteoporosis were diagnosed according to T values and the incidences were calculate. Results 1 ) The mean values of bone mineral density in males and female were 0. 572g/cm2 and 0. 523g/em2 , respectively, with significant difference (P <0. 01 ). 2) Osteopenia rate was 17.2% in the male and 17. 8% in the female. Osteoporosis rate was 11.4% in the male and 13.2% in the female. Conclusion The bone mineral density of the phalanx in the male and female in southwest region of Liaoning was at low level. Significant differences of bone mineral density, and osteopenia and osteoporosis rate existed between the genders, ages and the regions.%目的 了解辽西南部地区健康成人体检者骨密度现状,为诊断、预防骨质疏松提供科学依据.方法 采用MertiscanTM骨密度仪,调查测量了辽西南部地区的1204(男性598,女性606,年龄在20~70岁之间,并按10岁分组)名汉族成人的第2~4手指的平均骨密度.根据T值判定骨量减少和骨质疏松,并计算其发生率.结果 1.指骨骨密度男性平均为0.572g/cm2,女性平均为0.523 g/cm2,男性明显大于女性并有高度显著性差异(P<0.01).2.骨量减少发生率男性平均占17.2%,女性平均占17.8%.骨质疏松发生率男性平均占11.4%女性平均占13.2%.结论 辽西南部地区男女手指骨密度值处低水平.指骨骨密度值、骨量减少和骨质疏松发生率有明显的性差、年龄差和地区差.

  16. 辽宁省城乡学前教育状况调查与思考%An Investigation-based Ponder on the Current Situation of Urban-rural Preschool Education in Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈齐畅; 王凯文; 马逍; 张羽; 张锦梅

    2011-01-01

    以辽宁省14个市城镇和农村幼儿园及家庭为研究对象,采取入园入户随机问卷调查和走访方式,深入幼儿园和幼儿家庭实地调查。结果显示:无论是幼儿园规模、环境条件、活动设施、师资状况和课程内容,还是幼儿家庭收入水平、监护人文化程度以及幼儿学前教育投入水平,农村与城镇相比都有很大差距。政府增强城乡统筹发展意识,把学前教育重点放在农村,在教育资源上向农村倾斜;对农村幼儿园建设实行以政府投入为主的办学模式;加强对农村幼儿园的指导和管理;对家长开展宣传、培训和业余文化教育活动;幼儿园组织家长会及其经验交流会,提高农村家庭对孩子学前教育的质量,缩小城乡学前教育差距,建设社会主义和谐社会。%An on-the-spot investigation was made in the summer of 2010,in which the urban and rural kindergartens and families from fourteen cities of Liaoning province were used as objects of study and such manners as random door-to-door questionnaire investigation and visit were taken.The results showed that a tremendous gap exists between urban and rural preschool education,which can be seen not only from scale,environment,institution,teaching staff and curriculum,but from family income,preschool education input and the guardian's educational level.Such a situation certainly reflects the general state of the preschool education development in the urban and rural areas of Liaoning province.In order to narrow the gap as soon as possible,it is suggested that the coordination between urban and rural development in preschool education should be strengthened;emphasis be put on rural preschool education;an input mode be set up in which governments at all levels constitute the input mainbody of the rural kindergarten building and development;and the rural kindergartens be further guided and supervised and the rural parents be helped to improve their personal

  17. After the operation period,development orientation of national minority national aerobics in Liaoning%后全运时期辽宁省少数民族健身操运动的发展取向

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁辉

    2013-01-01

      第十二届全运会的召开,必将促进辽宁省体育基础设施建设的完善,同时也能够带动群众性体育运动的发展。本文立足于实现全运会后期辽宁省群众性体育运动的可持续发展,对辽宁省少数民族健身操运动的发展取向进行研究与探讨,旨在于为丰富辽宁省大众体育活动的内容、有效地整合与运用辽宁省的体育资源,这对于继承与发展民族传统体育,推动辽宁省大众体育运动的健康发展,具有极其重要的现实意义。%The convening of the twelfth session of National Games, will promote the improvement of physical infrastructure in Liaoning province, but also can drive the development of mass sports. Sustainable development based on the implementation of national games late in Liaoning province mass sports activities, research and discussion of the minority nationalities of Liaoning province and development orientation of aerobics, aims to enrich the Liaoning mass sports activities, to effectively integrate and use of the sports resources in Liaoning Province, this regarding the inheritance and development of national traditional sports, to promote the healthy development of mass sports in Liaoning Province, has the extremely important practical significance.

  18. 辽宁蚋属纺蚋亚属一新种 (双翅目:蚋科)%A NEW BLACK FLIES OF SIMULIUM (NEVERMANNIA)FROM LIAONING, CHINA (DIPTERA: SIMULIIDAE)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙悦欣

    2012-01-01

    New species Simulium ( Nevermannia ) liaodongense sp. Nov was discovered in tidy up of black flies specimens from Liaoning Province, China. This new species seems belonging to species unplaced to group.Holotype ♀ , paratype 11 ♀ ♀ , 15 ♂ ♂ , 26 pupae with skins and 63 larvae. They are collected from Gangshan, Xinbin County, Liaoning Province, June 5, 1992.%本文介绍纺蚋亚属Simulium (Nevermannia) 一新种,辽东纺蚋S.(N.) liaodongense sp.nov.本文对其两性成虫、蛹和幼虫进行形态描述.

  19. Analysis on Irrigation of Reclaimed Water and Sustainable Development of Agriculture in Liaoning Province%辽宁省再生水灌溉与农业可持续发展探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李耀伟; 王林; 张晓威

    2012-01-01

    The status of water resources in Liaoning Province was summerized,the status of irrigation of reclaimed water at home and abroad were reviewed,and the feasibility for the use of reclaimed water was analyzed,so as to provide reference for sustainable development of agriculture in Liaoning Province.%总结了辽宁省农业水资源现状,综述了国内外再生水灌溉利用现状,并分析了辽宁省再生水利用的可行性,以期为该省的农业可持续发展提供参考。

  20. 辽西坡地林农复合经营模式优化研究%Optimization of Agroforestry Model on Slope of Western Liaoning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金刚; 赵冰; 刘畅; 刘阳; 刘红民; 高英旭

    2012-01-01

    On slope of western Liaoning province,through test screening,production value analysis on jujube + millet + soybean,pear + millet + soybean,peach + millet + soybean,apricot + millet + soybean other models,result shows that:jujube + millet + soybean is suitable for this area;through compared experiments of dried fruit trees of hazelnuts or walnut + crop and jujube + millet + soybean,result shows that jujube + millet + soybean is the preferred model for western Liaoning;Lingdang jujube + millet,which is optimal component for jujube + millet + soybean,is high-efficient agroforestry in the same land-unit on slope of western Liaoning.%在辽西坡地上,通过枣农、梨农、桃农、杏农等林农复合经营模式试验筛选及产量、产值分析,结果表明,该区适宜的林农复合优化模式为枣农复合模式;通过榛子、核桃干果树种+作物复合经营与枣农复合对比试验,结果表明枣农复合经营为辽西坡地林农复合首选模式;继续试验研究了枣农复合优秀组分为铃铛枣与谷子,是辽西坡地同一土地单元内高效的林农复合模式。

  1. 辽宁省发展第三方物流对策及建议%The development countermeasures and suggestions of third party logistics in Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李镜

    2014-01-01

    In the past two years,the Ministry of Transport has issued many guidance,and third party logistics industry encountered unprecedented opportunity of historical development. Effective third party logistics countermeasures and suggestions ensure health and rapid development of third party logistics;constantly develop the potential of logistics market. Expanding the scope of business is the vitality of third party logistics enterprise. Through the investigation on the national and Liaoning logistics industry and in-depth analysis,this paper puts forward the countermeasures and sug-gestions of developing of the third party logistics in Liaoning combining with the current situation of the development of logistics industry in Liaoning Province.%近两年,交通运输部先后颁布了关于交通运输推进第三方物流业健康发展的多项指导意见,第三方物流业遇到了前所未有的历史发展机遇。实施切实可行的第三方物流对策及建议,确保第三方物流的健康快速发展,不断开发潜在的物流市场,扩大业务范围是第三方物流企业的生命力所在。通过对国家及辽宁地区的物流发展政策的深入分析,结合辽宁省物流业的发展现况,有针对性地提出了辽宁发展第三方物流的对策及建议。

  2. Counting chronology and climate records with about 1000 annual layers of a Holocene stalagmite from the Water Cave in Liaoning Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯居峙; 谭明; 刘东生

    2002-01-01

    One active stalagmite from the Water Cave in Liaoning Province contains growth layers of three sizes. Based on thermal ionization mass spectrometry 230Th dating, we found that middle size layers are annual layers, with each middle layer consisting of one narrow dark layer and a wide bright layer. The small layers within middle layers are sub-annual layers and the large layers are multi-year layers. Based on the layer-counting method, we established a high-resolution time scale for layer thickness. Our results reveal two dramatic century-scale climate cycles over the past 1000 years in this region.

  3. Analysis on body circumference of Manchu population in Liaoning Qingyuan%辽宁清原满族成人身体围度特征分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘素伟; 温有锋; 阎文柱

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To discuss the characteristics of body circumference of Manchu population in Liaoning Qingyuan.Methods: 390 Manchu adults (192 males and 198 females) living in Liaoning Qingyuan were chosen to obtain the 12 items of body circumference, among whom the six items were calculated exponentially. And then, the gender difference was analyzed, and compared with other 18 populations from our country based on 6 items using cluster andysis. Results: The circumferences of the head, neck, upper arm and forearm in male were greater than those in female, while the circumferences of abdomen, hip and thigh in female were greater than those in male. Along with the growth, the range ability of body circumferences in female was bigger than that of male. Regarded as the body circumferences, the Manchu population in Liaoning Qingyuan was similar to Han population living in Liaoning. Conclusion: The Manchu adults are above average in body circumferences in our Country, and they belong to the populations with comparatively taller and stronger stature among people in our Country.%目的:探讨辽宁省清原县满族成人身体围度特征.方法:对390名(男192名,女198名)辽宁省清原县满族成人的12项围度进行了测量,计算了6项围度指数值,比较了性别间的差异性,并将满族成人与我国其他19个人群的6项围度值进行了比较和聚类分析.结果:男性的头围、颈围、上臂缩围和前臂围大于女性,而女性腹围、臀围、大腿围明显大于男性.随年龄的增长,女性围度变化幅度多大于男性.辽宁省清原县满族成人与辽宁汉族围度值最为接近.结论:辽宁省清原县满族成人围度处于我国中上等水平,属于身材较为魁梧粗壮的人群.

  4. Practical Application of the Comprehensive Budget Management in Liaoning Company%全面预算管理在辽宁公司的应用实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙荔

    2013-01-01

    全面预算管理逐渐成为企业管理中的重要组成部分,同时也逐渐成为辽宁公司实现经营目标和发展战略管理的重要手段之一,作为一种新型的企业管理机制,对提高辽宁公司的管理水平和风险控制能力具有积极的推动作用。因此,企业实行全面预算管理的必要性是显而易见的。基于全面预算管理基础理论及辽宁公司目前全面预算的开展状况和应用实践存在的问题加以阐述,并对辽宁公司现行的全面预算管理体系进行分析,针对实际工作中所遇到的问题进行剖析,应对问题采取措施。使全面预算管理在辽宁公司有效运行,达到激发企业潜能,实现企业经营管理优化与经济效益增长。%The comprehensive budget management has increasingly become an important part of enterprise management, and also gradually become one important means of Liaoning Company to achieve business objectives and develop strategic management. As a new type of enterprise management, it has a positive promoting role to improve Liaoning Company’s management level and risk control ability. Therefore, the necessity to implement the comprehensive budget management is obvious. In this article, based on the basic theory of the comprehensive budget management, application situation of the comprehensive budget management in Liaoning company was introduced as well as existing problems in the application and practice. Liaoning company's comprehensive budget management system and the problems in practical work were analyzed, and some measures were put forward.

  5. Water changed the cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elle, Morten; Jensen, Marina Bergen

    An improvement in water infrastructure and cleaning up the waters changed many harbour cities in Denmark at the beginning of the 90s. The harbour cities changed from drity, run-down industrial harbours to clean and attractive harbour dwelling creating new city centres and vital city areas...

  6. Water changed the cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elle, Morten; Jensen, Marina Bergen

    An improvement in water infrastructure and cleaning up the waters changed many harbour cities in Denmark at the beginning of the 90s. The harbour cities changed from drity, run-down industrial harbours to clean and attractive harbour dwelling creating new city centres and vital city areas...

  7. 关于加强中职学前教育专业建设改革的探索--以葫芦岛市一职专为例%On Strengthening the Professional Construction of Preschool Education Reform in Secondary Vocational SchoolsA Vocational School---Taking Huludao City as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏雯

    2014-01-01

    当前,随着国家以及各级政府部门对学前教育的重视和发展,学前教育人才培养质量日显突出,如何培养适应新时期学前教育需求的高素质幼儿教师,加强学前教育专业建设改革是关键所在。笔者以所在学校为例,从园校合作机制建设、人才培养模式与课程体系改革、师资队伍建设、服务产业能力等几个方面对如何加强中职学校学前教育专业建设进行了深入探讨。%At present, with the development of the government departments at all levels and the state's attention to the preschool educa-tion, the training quality of preschool education talents is becoming more and more serious. How to cultivate high-quality teachers meet the social needs in the new era , is the key to construct specialist construction. The author takes her school as an example, discusses how to strengthen specialist construction of preschool education in secondary vocational school from the perspective of collaboration with kindergarten and school , cultivation model , curriculum reform , construction of teacher staff and service ability .

  8. Proviral genomic sequence analysis of Chinese donkey leukocyte attenuated equine infectious anemia virus vaccine and its parental virus strain Liaoning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王柳; 童光志; 刘红全; 杨志彪; 仇华吉; 孔宪刚; 王玫

    2002-01-01

    Proviral DNA was extracted from donkey leukocyte infected with Chinese donkey leukocyte attenuated equine infectious anemia virus(DLA-EIAV), and peripheral blood lymphocytes(PBL) from a horse infected with the virulent EIAV strain Liaoning(EIAV L). The entire proviral DNA from both viruses was cloned and sequenced. The lengths of complete genomic sequences of DLA-EIAV and EIAV L provirus were 8266 bp and 8235 bp, respectively. Sequence comparison indicated that DLA-EIAV shares 97.0% and 97.5% in sequence homology with EIAV L and donkey-adapted EIAV(DA-EIAV), respectively. Lots of variations occurred in long terminal repeat(LTR, consisting of U3, R, U5), ORF S2, and env regions between DLA-EIAV and EIAV L. The nucleotide sequence differences of the two viruses in U3, R, U5, ORF S2, and env are 13.2%, 7.5%, 5.1%, 3.9%, and 2.7%, respectively, and predicted amino acid sequence differences in env and S2 coding regions are 4.4% and 8.8%, respectively. Six conserved regions are characterized in Gp90. There is a cis-activating GATA motif in ENH of DLA-EIAV and EIAV L. Two N-linked glycosylation sites disappeared in DLA-EIAV Gp90 in comparison with that of EIAV L. A bHLH transcription factor binding consensus sequence was found in LTR of DLA-EIAV but not in EIAV L. Furthermore, there is a mutation in the stem of DLA-EIAV TAR resulting in formation of a uridine tuber. Further study is needed to uncover the relationship between sequence changes and their biological functions of DLA-EIAV and L.

  9. [Aboveground biomass and nutrient distribution patterns of larch plantation in a montane region of eastern Liaoning Province, China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, Tao; Zhu, Jiao-Jun; Yang, Kai; Yu, Li-Zhong

    2014-10-01

    Larch is the main timber species of forest plantations in North China. Imbalance in nutrient cycling in soil emerged due to single species composition and mono system structure of plantation. Thus it is necessary to grasp its biomass and nutrients allocation for scientific management and nutrient cycling studies of larch plantation. We measured aboveground biomass (stem, branch, bark and leaf) and nutrient concentrations (C, N, P, K, Ca, Mg, Fe, Mn, Cu and Zn), and analyzed the patterns of accumulation and distribution of 19-year-old larch plantation with diameter at breast height of 12. 8 cm, tree height of 15. 3 m, and density of 2308 trees · hm(-2), in a montane region of eastern Liaoning Province, China. The results showed that aboveground biomass values were 70.26 kg and 162.16 t · hm(-2) for the individual tree of larch and the stand, respectively. There was a significant difference between biomass of the organs, and decreased in the order of stem > branch > bark > leaf. Nutrient accumulation was 749.94 g and 1730.86 kg · hm(-2) for the individual tree of larch and the stand, respectively. Nutrient accumulation of stem was significantly higher than that of branch, bark and leaf, whether it was macro-nutrient or micro-nutrient. Averagely, 749.94 g nutrient elements would be removed from the system when a 19-year-old larch tree was harvested. If only the stem part was removed from the system, the removal of nutrient elements could be reduced by 40.7%.

  10. Distribution of Rice Grains on Panicle Axis and Its Relationship with Seed Setting Ability in Liaoning, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Studies were conducted with rice varieties developed in recent years in Liaoning Province of China as test materials.Results showed that the varieties tested could be divided into three types: (1) the high-yielding (HYV), (2) the mediumyielding (MYV), and (3) the low-yielding (LYV). The panicle population was in the order of HYV<MYV <LYV, while the grain number per panicle and seed-setting rate were just opposite. There was no significant difference in the 1 000-grain weight. Biomass was higher in HYV than in MYV and LYV, while the harvest index was higher in HYV and MYV than in LYV. Yield was inversely correlated with panicle population, but positively correlated with the grain number per panicle,seed-setting rate, the number of primary and secondary branch grains, seed density and harvest index. Yield was most closely linked with the grain number per panicle which was determined chiefly by the number of secondary branch grains and to a lesser degree by seed density and the number of primary branch grains. The seed-setting rate of the secondary branches was positively correlated with that of the whole panicle and yield. The peak value of primary branches for HYV,MYV and LYV was 12-14, 10-13 and 8-12, respectively. LYV had fewer secondary branch grains, while MYV and HYV had more. Such grains distributed mainly in the middle and lower parts of panicle axis for LYV and in the middle and upper parts for MYV and HYV.

  11. 辽宁省能源消费结构分析%Analysis of energy consumption structure of Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田徵; 康文星; 何介南

    2011-01-01

    利用2000~2005年辽宁省的能源数据,分析了辽宁省的能源消费结构和年变化规律.结果表明:2000~2005年辽宁省能源肖费总量10 738×104tce~14 896×104 tce,占全国每年消费量的6.61%~7.83%,在我国各省市的能源消费中居4~6位;辽宁省消费的能源由原煤、原油、天然气、水电和生物质能源的构成,它们在消费能源总量的比重分别是46.17%~48.62%、42.59%~43.85%、1.11%~2.03%、0.02%~0.47%和6.33%~8.09%,能源消费结构主要以原煤、原油为主;原煤和原油的年平均消费量增长率基本相近分别是7.47%和7.27%,水电能源年平均增长率最大212.60%,是原煤的28.46倍,原油的29.24倍,天然气年消费量变化整体趋势下降,年平均下降率为3.42%,生物质能源年平均增长率约为2.98%;水电能源利用在成倍的增加,表明辽宁省的能源结构在发生内部改变,由污染型的能源转向清洁型能源.但由于水电能源在总能源中所占的比例实在太少,2000和2001年只占总能源的2/1000,2005年也还不到0.5%,因此,远没有改变原煤和原油占主导地位的能源结构.%By using the data of energy in 200~2005 in Liaoning Province,the energy consumption structure and annual variation laws in the province were analyzed. The results indicate that the total energy consumption of Liaoning Province was 10 738×104~14 896×104 tee from 2000~2005, accounting for 6. 61%~7. 83% of the consumption amount of whole country per year, ranking 4th - 6th of all provinces in China. ; the energy consumed by Liaoning Province consist of raw coal, crude oil, natural gas, hydroelectric power and biomass energy, accounting for 46.17%~48. 62%,42. 59%~43. 85%,1. 11%~2. 03%,0. 02%~-0. 47% and 6. 33%~8. 09% of the province's total energy resources,and so the energy consumption structure were formed of raw coal and crude oil; the average consumption growth rate per

  12. 1956-2010年辽西地区玉米气候适宜度时空分布特征%Spatio-temporal distribution characteristics of climatic suitability degree of maize in Western Liaoning Province from 1956 to 2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋英男; 李颖; 任学慧; 林霞

    2016-01-01

    Under global climate warming and drying, temperatures have increased to varying degrees around the world. Global warming has caused significant changes in agro-ecological environments, of which maize yield and quality have been found to be heavily influenced by meteorological factors. Therefore the analysis of the suitability degree to climate change of maize during growth period could provide an important guide for increasing agricultural production. Basis on a climatic suitability degree model for optimal maize production, daily meteorological data for 1956-2010 from eight meteorological stations in four cities in West Liaoning Province were analyzed. The analysis included the spatial and temporal distribution characteristics of climate suitability degree during the whole growth period and each individual growth stage of maize using spatial interpolation, Empirical Orthogonal Function (EOF) analysis and wavelet transformation analysis. The results showed that: 1) The suitability degrees of precipitation, sunshine and integrated climate followed a declining trend during the maize growth period from 1956 to 2010. The suitability degree of integrated climate dropped at sowing, emergence and maturity stages but rose at flowering stage. 2) The suitability degrees of both temperature and sunshine during the whole growth period of maize and the suitability degree of integrated climate during sowing and maturity stages tracked an increasing trend from south to north, from west to east, from west to southeast and northeast, and from northeast to southwest in West Liaoning Province. However, the suitability degrees of temperature and sunshine at emergence stage were in contrast to that of sowing, with a general declining trend from northwest to southeast and northeast. The suitability degrees of precipitation, integrated climate during the whole growth period of maize and integrated climate during flowering followed a “low-high-low-high”zonal distribution from north

  13. HIV prevalence and its associated factors among 2074 men who have sex with men(MSM)in Liaoning province,China%辽宁省MSM HIV感染现状及其影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    楚振兴; 云科; 张晶; 卢春明; 尚红; 马宁; 徐俊杰; 张旻; 胡清海; 吴少慧; 周金玲; 赵丽; 王旭

    2011-01-01

    Objective To examine HIV prevalence and risk of HIV secondary transmission among men who have sex with men in Liaoning province. Methods A face-to-face questionnaire interview was conducted among men who have sex with men(MSM) recruited wtih snowball sampling method in 6 main cities of Liaoning province from April to June,2008.Blood specimens were collected for HIV and syphilis testing. Results A total of 2 074 MSM were recruited for the survey.The prevalence of HIV and syphilis was 4. 8% ( 100/2 074) and 8. 9% ( 184/2 074) ,respectively. Among the MSM,the average number of homosexual partners was 5.8 and the condom using rate during anal sex with regular male sexual partner,commercial sexual partner, and male casual sexual partner were 43. 3% (899/2 074 ), 65.0% (286/440), and 68. 5% ( 1 421/2 074), respectively. The proportion of MSM who had female sexual partner was 51.6% ( 1071/2 074 ), in which 50. 3% (294/585) used condom during intercourse with the last female sexual partner. Multivariate logistic analyses indicated that syphilis infection( odds ratio[ OR ] =4. 6,95% confidence interval[ CI] :2. 3 -9. 2) ,inconsistent condom use during receptive anal sex ( OR = 2. 8,95 % CI: 1.4 - 5. 5 ), the munber of homosexual partners ≥ 10 ( OR = 2. 0,95 % CI: 1.0 - 3. 8 ),and education( OR = 1.8,95% CI: 1.0 - 3.3 ) were independent risk factors for HIV infection. Conclusion The prevalence of HIV and syphilis among the MSM in Liaoning province has reached a high level. High proportion of MSM had heterosexual partners and Iow condom using rate during their heterosexual intercourse. Effective behavioral intervention program should be carried out among the MSM to decrease the risk of HIV secondary transmission to general population by tmprotected sexual behavior.%目的 了解辽宁省大、中城市男男性接触者(MSM)的HIV感染现状及其二代传播风险,为艾滋病防控提供参考信息.方法 于2008年4-6月对辽宁省6个大中城

  14. The analysis of spatiotemporal evolution of economic and environmental coordination development degree in Liaoning coastal economic belt%辽宁沿海经济带经济与环境协调发展度的时空演变

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    关伟; 刘勇凤

    2012-01-01

    The coordinated development between economy and environment is key to keep the sound development of regional integrated system. Economic and environmental coordination development degree is one of the important quantitative indicators for measuring capacity for sustainable development in a region. Based on drawing lessons from the existing research results and the research methods, this article constructs an evaluation index system of economic and environmental coordination development degree in Liaoning coastal economic belt consisting of six cities, and uses the model of coordination development degree for calculation and spatiotemporal evolution analysis of coordination development degree in the study area. Results are shown as follows. In the temporal evolution, the trend presents a " V"-shaped pattern in regional comprehensive coordination degree, with a steady rise in this belt. Development level of the six cities is higher, reaching the intermediate level. In the spatial evolution, the six cities can be divided into three types, and the eastern and southern cities are more harmonious than the western and northern ones, but the gap between their urban spaces is gradually narrowing. In addition, from these aspects of the macro-regulation, the upgrading of the industrial structure, regional layout optimization and the improvement of environmental protection threshold, the paper analyzes the reason for the spatiotemporal evolution of economic and environmental coordination development degree in Liaoning coastal economic belt, and pointed out that, driven by the above factors, economic comprehensive development levels and environmental strength have increased. And due to the industrial isomorphism and fragile coastal ecology, changing the mode of economic growth and promoting the harmonious development of regional economy and environment are still the main tasks in the future.%经济与环境协调发展度是衡量一个地区可持续发展能力的重要定

  15. City health development planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Geoff; Acres, John; Price, Charles; Tsouros, Agis

    2009-11-01

    The objective of this evaluation was to review the evolution and process of city health development planning (CHDP) in municipalities participating in the Healthy Cities Network organized by the European Region of the World Health Organization. The concept of CHDP combines elements from three theoretical domains: (a) health development, (b) city governance and (c) urban planning. The setting was the 56 cities which participated in Phase III (1998-2002) of the Network. Evidence was gathered from documents either held in WHO archives or made available from Network cities and from interviews with city representatives. CHDPs were the centrepiece of Phase III, evolving from city health plans developed in Phase II. They are strategic documents giving direction to municipalities and partner agencies. Analysis revealed three types of CHDP, reflecting the realpolitik of each city. For many cities, the process of CHDP was as important as the plan itself.

  16. 辽宁省玉米产业发展措施探讨%Discussion on the Development of Corn Industry in Liaoning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张庆芳; 赵佛世

    2014-01-01

    阐述辽宁省玉米生产的重要意义及玉米产业在辽宁省农业格局中的基础性地位,展望全省玉米产业的主要发展趋势,根据新时期玉米产业的属性和功能定位,有针对性地提出辽宁省发展玉米产业的主要措施,为加快辽宁省玉米产业发展提供参考。%The article expounds the important significance of corn production and corn industry’s foundation position in agricultural structure in Liaoning, forecasts the main development trend of corn industry of the province, suggests solutions for corn industry based on its property and functional location in new period, and provides a reference for speeding up the development of corn industry in Liaoning province.

  17. Research on Corn Kernel Harvest Mechanization in Liaoning Province%辽宁省玉米籽粒收获机械化研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李孝明

    2016-01-01

    Corn kernel harvest mechanization is one of the important content of the whole production mechanization of corn. This paper introduced the application situation of corn kernel harvest mechanization technology home and aboard, expounded the its advancement, variety requirements and the matching technical equipment, and analyzed the condition to develop corn kernel harvest mechanization in Liaoning province, so as to provide references for promoting the whole production mechanization of corn in Liaoning province.%玉米籽粒收获机械化是玉米生产全程机械化的重点内容之一。介绍玉米籽粒收获机械化技术在国内外的研究情况,阐述该技术的先进性、品种要求及配套技术设备,分析辽宁省发展玉米籽粒收获机械化的条件,以期为推动辽宁省玉米生产全程机械化提供参考。

  18. 大众传媒对辽宁儿童文学艺术表现的影响%Mass Media's Influence to Liaoning Children Literature Artistic Expression

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孔凡飞

    2012-01-01

    Today' s mass media in literature has changed its role, from the route of transmission, tool intermediary, to the function body. To taking Liaoning children literature as research sample, under the context of mass media, to combine its development status and level ,to indicate its future development direction, is to discuss the internal and external influence of the mass media on the artistic expression ot children literature. As a kind of power discourse, mass media has restriction and limitations, but also liberation and promotion to Liaoning children literature artistic expression.%如今的大众传媒在文学中的地位已经从传播途径、工具中介,走向功能主体。将辽宁儿童文学作为研究样本,放置在大众传媒的背景下进行研究,梳理其发展现状和水平,预示其未来发展走向,旨在探讨大众传媒对其艺术表现的外部与内部的影响。大众传媒作为一种强权话语,它对辽宁儿童文学的艺术表现既有制约与限制,同时也有解放与提升。

  19. Molecular characterization, expression and methylation status analysis of BMP4 gene in skin tissue of Liaoning cashmere goat during hair follicle cycle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bai, Wen L; Dang, Yun L; Wang, Jiao J; Yin, Rong H; Wang, Ze Y; Zhu, Yu B; Cong, Yu Y; Xue, Hui L; Deng, Liang; Guo, Dan; Wang, Shi Q; Yang, Shu H

    2016-08-01

    Bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4) is a member of the bone morphogenetic protein family (BMPs). It is involved in the development and cycle of hair follicle, as well as, is thought to be a potential candidate gene for cashmere traits in goats. In the present study, we isolated and characterized a full-length open reading frame (ORF) of BMP4 cDNA from the skin tissue of Liaoning cashmere goat, and investigated the transcriptional pattern and methylation status of BMP4 gene in skin tissue of this breed during different stages of hair follicle cycle. The sequence analysis indicated that the isolated cDNA was 1264-bp in length containing a complete ORF of 1230-bp. It encoded a precursor peptide of 409 amino acids with a signal peptide of 19 amino acids. The structural analysis indicated that goat BMP4 contains typical TGF-β propeptide and TGF-β domains. In skin tissue, BMP4 is generally transcribed in an ascendant pattern from anagen to telogen. The methylation level of 5' flanking regulatory region of BMP4 gene might be involved in its mRNA expression in skin tissue: a higher BMP4 methylation level in skin coincides with a lower expression of BMP4 mRNA. These results from the present work provided a foundation for further insight into the functional and regulatory characteristics of BMP4 in the development and cycle of hair follicle in Liaoning Cashmere goat.

  20. 制约辽宁省居民消费能力提升的因素%Restrictive Factors To Enhance Consumption Capacity Of Liaoning Province Residents

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜羽西

    2015-01-01

    Insufficient household consumption has become a great obstacle to develop economy.It also profoundly affects the coordinated development of investment,consumption and export.The overall consumption ability of liaoning province residents is insufficient.According to analysis,we suggest that unreasonable resident income distribution,lower consumption concept,lower expectation of social security in the future and imperfect consumption environment become restrictive factors to enhance ability of residents'consumption in liaoning and then we put forward countermeasures and suggestions.Finally we hope realize the new pattern of consumption,investment and export to drive economic growth.%居民消费不足已成为经济发展的巨大障碍,也影响着投资、消费、出口的协调发展. 辽宁省居民的总体消费能力不足,通过分析得出,居民收入分配不合理、消费理念偏低、未来保障预期低以及消费环境不完善等都成为制约辽宁居民消费能力提升的因素,据此提出对策建议,最终实现消费、投资、出口协同驱动经济增长的新格局.

  1. Organic Fertilizer Resources of Poultry and Livestock's Farms and their Utilization Status in Liaoning Province in 2009%辽宁省2009年畜禽养殖场有机肥资源及其利用状况

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋丹

    2012-01-01

    通过对辽宁省各市规模养殖畜禽粪便有机肥资源利用情况和商品有机肥料生产使用情况的调查,掌握了我省畜禽养殖场有机肥资源的利用现状和有机肥料产业的发展现状,并针对目前辽宁省有机肥资源利用中存在的问题提出了相应的建议。%Through the survey of organic fertilizer resources' utilization in fowl and livestock farms and the merchandised organic fertilizers' production and application in different cities of Liaoning Province,we kept abreast of the development of livestock and poultry farms' organic fertilizer resources and organic fertilizer's industry.Furthermore,we advanced some advice aiming at solving the problems in the organic fertilizer resources' application.

  2. Jerusalem: City of Dreams, City of Sorrows

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ricks, Thomas

    2011-01-01

    Jerusalem is more than an intriguing global historical city; it is a classroom for liberal learning and international understanding. It had never been a city of one language, one religion and one culture. Looking at the origins of Jerusalem's name indicates its international and multicultural nature. While Israelis designate Jerusalem as their…

  3. City Car = The City Car / Andres Sevtshuk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sevtshuk, Andres, 1981-

    2008-01-01

    Massachusettsi Tehnoloogiainstituudi (MIT) meedialaboratooriumi juures tegutseva Targa Linna Grupi (Smart City Group) ja General Motorsi koostööna sündinud kaheistmelisest linnasõbralikust elektriautost City Car. Nimetatud töögrupi liikmed (juht William J. Mitchell, töögruppi kuulus A. Sevtshuk Eestist)

  4. City Car = The City Car / Andres Sevtshuk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sevtshuk, Andres, 1981-

    2008-01-01

    Massachusettsi Tehnoloogiainstituudi (MIT) meedialaboratooriumi juures tegutseva Targa Linna Grupi (Smart City Group) ja General Motorsi koostööna sündinud kaheistmelisest linnasõbralikust elektriautost City Car. Nimetatud töögrupi liikmed (juht William J. Mitchell, töögruppi kuulus A. Sevtshuk Eestist)

  5. European Cities in the World City Network

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    P. Taylor (Peter)

    2003-01-01

    textabstractThis is primarily an empirical paper that brings together selected results from the GaWC research programme. The latter studies inter-city relations at a global scale. Empirical research is based upon a model of world city network network formation as a product of the location strategies

  6. An Empirical Study of Community Sports in Liaoning in the Sight of the Social Differences%社会差异视域下辽宁省社区体育的实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李洋洋; 刘志敏; 王茜

    2012-01-01

    This paper uses methods of questionnaires,statistics and etc,to study community sports from the three dimensions of social differences-regional differences,class differences and gender differences in the community residents of 14 cities of Liaoning Province.The conclusion is that the regional economic differences affect community participation in sports activities,the residents' choice of sports shows geographical features;income does not affect the residents' sports activities involvement,but there are differences of all economic class residents in the choice of sports activities and venues;high cultural level of the residents have actively behaviors of sports activities,but there are not significant differences in educated residents in sporting activities,places and participation motivation;men slightly more than women participate sports activities and there is difference in the choice of exercise project.%以辽宁省14市部分社区居民为研究对象,运用调查问卷、数理统计等研究方法,从社会差异的三个纬度——地区差异、阶层差异和性别差异对社区体育进行了实证研究并提出了建议.结论:地区经济差异影响社区居民体育活动的参与程度,居民对运动项目的选择显示出地域特色;经济收入不影响居民体育活动参与度,但居民在体育活动项目和场地的选择上,各经济阶层具有差异;文化层次高的居民体育活动参与度相对高,但不同学历的居民在体育活动项目、场所和参与动机差异不显著;从参加体育活动参与度看,男性略高于女性,在选择活动的项目上有差异.

  7. Study on carrying capacity in Liaoning Province marine region by Fuzzy comprehensive evaluation%基于模糊综合评判的辽宁省海域承载力研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹可; 吴佳璐; 狄乾斌

    2012-01-01

    Based on the research results of carrying capacity,the carrying capacity in Liaoning Province marine was assessed by the fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method. The results showed the carrying capacity in Liaoning Province seawater is moderate between 1999 and 2009 except the year 2000. However, the figures always were between 0.34 and 0.40, which meant that the carrying capacity in Liaoning Province seawater was moderate by weak. The factors such as overfishing, large quantities of pollutants into the sea, ecological improvement and marine science and technology all contribute to the state of Liaoning Province seawater. Based on the analysis, the suggestions of improving the carrying capacity in Liaoning Province seawater were brought forward.%借鉴有关承载力的研究成果,利用模糊综合评判方法对辽宁省海域承载力进行了评价分析.结果表明:1999至2009年间,除2000年,辽宁省的海域承载力数值均处于适载范围,但是由于其数值绝大多数都在0.34 ~0.40之间浮动,因此辽宁省的海域承载能力为中等偏弱.过度捕捞、环境污染、环境治理能力和科技发展水平等因素的影响是辽宁省海域承载力中等偏弱的主要因素,基于此提出了改善辽宁省海域承载力的对策建议.

  8. A Crowded City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Over 4 million vehicles on road challenge Beijing’s city management Beijing, the city once known as the kingdom of bicycles, has become clogged with automobiles, the Beijing Municipal Government Publicity Office said on December 18.

  9. Build a Green City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XUYING; HAOXUE

    2005-01-01

    MA'ANSHAN,dubbed ""City of Iron and Steel,""is on the south bank of the Yangtze River in eastern Anhui Province, bordering Jiangsu Province. One of the city's most impressive features is its clean environment.

  10. EU Smart City Governance

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Carmela Gargiulo; Valentina Pinto; Floriana Zucaro

    2013-01-01

    .... The paper wants to outline which future EU draws for the city, through an integrated and contextual reading of addresses and strategies contained in the last documents, a future often suggested as Smart City...

  11. Geochemistry of the high-Mg andesites at Zhangwu, western Liaoning: Implication for delamination of newly formed lower crust

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUANG; Hua; GAO; Shan; HU; ZhaoChu; LIU; XiaoMing; YUAN; HongLing

    2007-01-01

    Ten volcanic samples at Zhangwu, western Liaoning Province, North China were selected for a systematic geochemical, mineralogical and geochronological study, which provides an opportunity to explore the interaction between the continental crust and mantle beneath the north margin of the North China craton. Except one basalt sample (SiO2= 50.23%), the other nine samples are andesitic with SiO2 contents ranging from 53% to 59%. They have relatively high MgO (3.4%-6.1%, Mg#=50-64) and Ni and Cr contents (Ni 27×10-6-197×10-6, Cr 51×10-6-478×10-6). Other geochemical characteristics of Zhangwu high-Mg andesites (HMAs) include strong fractionation of light rare earth elements (LREE) from heavy rare earth elements (HREE), and Sr from Y, with La/Yb greater than 15, and high Sr/Y (34-115). Zircons of andesite YX270 yield three age groups with no Precambrian age, which precludes origin of the Zhangwu HMAs from the partial melting of the Precambrian crust. The oldest age group peaking at 253 Ma is interpreted to represent the collision of the Siberia block and the North China block, resulting in formation of the Central Asian orogenic belt by closure of the Mongol-Okhotsk Ocean. The intermediate age group corresponds to the basalt underplating which caused the widespread coeval granitoids in the North China craton with a peak 206Pb/238U age of 172 Ma. The youngest age group gives a 206Pb/238U age of 126±2 Ma, which is interpreted as the eruption age of the Zhangwu HMAs. The high 87Sr/86Sri(126 Ma)>0.706 and low -Nd(t)= -6.36--13.99 of the Zhangwu HMAs are distinct from slab melts. The common presence of reversely zoned clinopyroxene phenocrysts in the Zhangwu HMAs argues against the origin of the Zhangwu HMAs either from melting of the water saturated mantle or melting of the lower crust. In light of the evidence mentioned above, the envisaged scenario for the formation of the Zhangwu HMAs is related to the basaltic underplating at the base of the crust, which led to

  12. 40Ar/39Ar geochronology of the Faku tectonites: Implications for the tectonothermal evolution of the Faku block, northern Liaoning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG; Xiaohui; WANG; Hui; LI; Tiesheng

    2005-01-01

    For lack of reliable isotopic chronological data, the metamorphic rock series in the Faku region of northern Liaoning has long been regarded as the platform basement. Recent studies reveal that these deformed and metamorphosed rocks, with a variety of protoliths of plutonic intrusions and supracrustal volcanic and sedimentary rocks, were genetically related to later ductile shearing events, and they, together with the syntectonic intrusions, constituted the large-scale Faku tectonites. In this paper, we report new 40Ar/39Ar data on hornblende, biotite, and K-feldspar from typical granitic mylonites in this suite of tectonites. The plateau age 256 Ma of FK53 hornblende and the high-temperature plateau age 262 Ma of Fk51-1 biotite should represent the cooling ages when the granites, formed as a result of Paleozoic oceanic crustal subduction beneath the continental crust or collision of multiple micro-continental blocks, were exhumed into shallow crustal levels. The plateau age 231 Ma of FK51-1 boitite and the apparent age 227 Ma of Fk51-2 K-feldspar are interpreted to record the time of ductile deformation occurring under greenschist facies conditions, i.e. the formation age of the Faku tectonites, while the age gradient from 197 Ma to 220 Ma of Fk51-2 K-feldspar probably record the subsequent stable uplift-cooling process. The tectonic exhumation event indicated by the plateau age 180 Ma of Fk51-2 K-feldspar may be associated with the onset of paleo-Pacific subduction beneath the North China plate. In addition, the U-Pb dating of FK54 zircon from later-intruded granite yields the age of crystallization of this super-unit intrusion at 159 Ma, thus establishing an upper limit for the formation age of the Faku tectonites, while the plateau age 125 Ma of Fk54 K-feldspar most likely corresponds to the rapid cooling and tectonic denudation event associated with the final collision between the Siberian plate and the North China plate. These isotopic ages provide important

  13. Revisiting city connectivity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mans, U.

    2014-01-01

    This article introduces a new perspective on city connectivity in order to analyze non-hub cities and their position in the world economy. The author revisits the different approaches discussed in the Global Commodity Chains (GCC), Global Production Networks (GPN) and World City Network (WCN) discou

  14. Imagineering the city

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van den Berg, M.; Paddison, R.; Hutton, T.

    2015-01-01

    Cities today are products. The urban experience is commodified into marketable items by urban entrepreneurs. Urban administrations, city marketers, politicians, local businesses and other actors all over the world are developing entrepreneurial strategies to sell their city. From "‘I ♥ New York"’ to

  15. The Creative Cities Network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The Creative Cities Network, started by UNESCO in 2004, is one of the world’s highest-level non-governmental organizations in creative industry. The network focuses on the excellence of its member cities as its main product, and finds ways to maintain relevance in city life, local economy

  16. Me, the City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Konstantin Lidin

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The search for identity of cities looks rather urgent and attracts attention of many researchers. Addressing this issue, the article draws an analogy between a human person and a city. Like a city, a human being needs to comprehend his self-identity in order to resist depressive tendencies. It is shown that a person’s depressive symptoms are similar to those of cities. The city identity necessary to resist depression can be searched for both historically and geographically. The historical aspect consists of local myths and legends about the city and the citizens. The geographical aspect of identity comprises features of the terrain, climate, flora and fauna of the region where the city is located.

  17. Cities as development drivers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johnson, Bjørn; Poulsen, Tjalfe; Hansen, Jens Aage

    2011-01-01

    There is a strong connection between economic growth and development of cities. Economic growth tends to stimulate city growth, and city economies have often shaped innovative environments that in turn support economic growth. Simultaneously, social and environmental problems related to city growth...... can be serious threats to the realization of the socio-economic contributions that cities can make. However, as a result of considerable diversity of competences combined with interactive learning and innovation, cities may also solve these problems. The ‘urban order’ may form a platform...... for innovative problem solving and potential spill-over effects, which may stimulate further economic growth and development. This paper discusses how waste problems of cities can be transformed to become part of new, more sustainable solutions. Two cases are explored: Aalborg in Denmark and Malmö in Sweden...

  18. [Temporal characteristics of ecological risk assessment indicators in coal-mining city with the application of LVQ method].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peng, Jian; Tao, Jing-Xian; Liu, Yan-xu

    2015-03-01

    Because the ability of selected indicators in assessing ecological risk at different temporal scales is not the same, it is necessary to clear the definite comparability of such indicators at temporal scale to explore a new method for dynamic assessing the ecological risk. In this case, five mining cities in Liaoning Province were selected as the study area, with the application of learning vector quantization (LVQ) neural network, the significance of the indicators for the ecological risk assessment was quantitatively analyzed to clarify their characteristics at temporal scale. The expression with two-dimension (long-term and short-term) of temporal scale was put forward as a new method to assess the ecological risk for mining cities. The results showed that the amount of industrial SO2 removed per output value, the amount of industrial dust removed per output value, coverage rate of urban green space, precipitation, coordination degree among subsystems, percentage of mining practitioners, and current year investment on pollution abatement projects were effective at long-term temporal scale, while the other indicators acted at short-term temporal scale. With the combination of long-term and short-term temporal scales, the dynamic assessment of ecological risk for mining cities could be expressed on two-dimension of temporal scale. It was found that Fuxin City got the highest ecological risk in current status, with the risk increasing most in Fushun City at the short-term temporal scale as well as in Chaoyang City at the long-term temporal scale. The method adopted in this study might act as a significant guidance in dynamic controlling and integrative management of ecological risk for mining cities.

  19. Chronological record of the Early Mesozoic underplating in the northern margin of North China-U-Pb chronometry of zircons in the Late Mesozoic andesite from Western Liaoning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Cathodoluminescence spectroscopic analysis of zircons in the uppermost sanukites of the early Cretaceous Yixian Formation in Western Liaoning reveals zoning structures of the zircons in the volcanic rocks. LA-ICP-MS chronometry shows that the central part of the zircons is remnant zircon with a U-Pb dating of 254 Ma, which is consistent with the age of the Early Mesozoic underplating granulites, and that the periphery is zircon crystallizing out of the host magma with a U-Pb dating of 116 Ma, which is highly consistent with the Ar-Ar dating of the host volcanic rocks. Compositions of the clinopyroxenes xenocrystals in the sanukites are similar to those of the clinopyroxenes in the underplating granulites, indicating that the granulites accreted to the lower crust in the Early Mesozoic have been reformed and disrupted by the upwelling diapers of the asthenosphere and taken part in formation of the sanukites in the Late Mesozoic.

  20. 辽宁民族古籍的特点与价值%Characteristics and Value of Minority Ancient Books in Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王波; 包和平

    2011-01-01

    The characteristics of minority ancient books in Liaoning province are discussed. They are large in quantity, varied in types, and comprehensive in content, displaying striking regional and national characteristics. More books are written in Mongolian and Manchu language. The historical, literary, folklore and economic value of these books are also studied.%分析了辽宁省所收藏的民族古籍的特点:数量浩大;类型多,内容全;满文、蒙文古籍多;具有鲜明的地域与民族特色。探讨了这些古籍的史料价值、文学价值、民俗学价值与经济价值。

  1. City Carbon Footprint Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guangwu Chen

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Progressive cities worldwide have demonstrated political leadership by initiating meaningful strategies and actions to tackle climate change. However, the lack of knowledge concerning embodied greenhouse gas (GHG emissions of cities has hampered effective mitigation. We analyse trans-boundary GHG emission transfers between five Australian cities and their trading partners, with embodied emission flows broken down into major economic sectors. We examine intercity carbon footprint (CF networks and disclose a hierarchy of responsibility for emissions between cities and regions. Allocations of emissions to households, businesses and government and the carbon efficiency of expenditure have been analysed to inform mitigation policies. Our findings indicate that final demand in the five largest cities in Australia accounts for more than half of the nation’s CF. City households are responsible for about two thirds of the cities’ CFs; the rest can be attributed to government and business consumption and investment. The city network flows highlight that over half of emissions embodied in imports (EEI to the five cities occur overseas. However, a hierarchy of GHG emissions reveals that overseas regions also outsource emissions to Australian cities such as Perth. We finally discuss the implications of our findings on carbon neutrality, low-carbon city concepts and strategies and allocation of subnational GHG responsibility.

  2. 辽宁省低碳旅游发展模式研究%Research on Developmental Mode of Low-carbon Tourism in Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张玉改; 兰贵秋; 李雪

    2015-01-01

    低碳旅游是以低耗能、低污染为基础的绿色旅游,是低碳经济应用于旅游业中的全新旅游方式。辽宁省低碳旅游发展模式的影响因素包括主观因素和客观因素,如何克服并取得良好发展是关键,旅游酒店低碳化经营模式、旅行社经营低碳化、旅游景区开发低碳化、政府管理低碳化、旅游者消费低碳化、社区居民生活低碳化,成为辽宁省发展低碳旅游的主要模式。%As a kind of green tourism based on low energy consumption and low level of pollution, low-carbon tourism is a new application of low-carbon economy on tourism industry. There are subjective and objective factors affecting the development of low-carbon tourism in Liaoning Province. The key to the development lies in how to overcome those factors to have a better development. The development of low-carbon tourism in Liaoning Province depends largely on the low-carbon operation in tourism hotels, travel agencies, exploitation of scenic spots, government administration, consumption of tourists, and the life of community residents.

  3. 辽宁省旅游循环经济发展研究%The Development of Circular Tourist Economy in Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王素珍

    2012-01-01

    辽宁省旅游业在快速发展的同时也出现了忽视环境保护、过渡掠夺式开发、超过承载能力使用旅游资源不可持续发展问题。大力发展辽宁省旅游业,政府应牢固树立环保理念,从建设资源节约型、环境友好型社会和旅游业可持续发展的大局出发,加快创建旅游循环经济科技支撑体系、政策激励体系、宣传教育体系,完善旅游循环经济法律保障体系。以保护旅游环境。实现生态、经济、社会协调发展。%In addition to the rapid development, tourist problems emerge in Liaoning, including the ignorance to environmental protection, predatory exploration, and the unsustainable development of tourist resources caused by overload utilization. To vigorously develop Liaoning tourism, protect tourist environment and reach the coordinated ecological, economic and social growth, the government must set up firm environment protection concept; taking into account the goal of building a resource-saving, environment-friendly society and the sustainable development of the tourist industry, accelerate the building of systems in terms of technological support, policy inspiration and publicity for the circular tourist economy.

  4. Cities as development drivers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johnson, Bjørn; Poulsen, Tjalfe; Hansen, Jens Aage

    2011-01-01

    for innovative problem solving and potential spill-over effects, which may stimulate further economic growth and development. This paper discusses how waste problems of cities can be transformed to become part of new, more sustainable solutions. Two cases are explored: Aalborg in Denmark and Malmö in Sweden....... It is shown that the cities have the potential to significantly contribute to a more sustainable development through increased material recycling and energy recovery. Waste prevention may increase this potential. For example, instead of constituting 3% of the total greenhouse gas emission problem, it seems......There is a strong connection between economic growth and development of cities. Economic growth tends to stimulate city growth, and city economies have often shaped innovative environments that in turn support economic growth. Simultaneously, social and environmental problems related to city growth...

  5. EU Smart City Governance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmela Gargiulo

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available In recent years European Commission has developed a set of documents for Members States tracing, directly or indirectly, recommendations for the transformation of the European city. The paper wants to outline which future EU draws for the city, through an integrated and contextual reading of addresses and strategies contained in the last documents, a future often suggested as Smart City. Although the three main documents (Cohesion Policy 2014-2020 of European Community, Digital Agenda for Europe and European Urban Agenda face the issue of the future development of European cities from different points of view, which are respectively cohesion social, ICT and urban dimension, each of them pays particular attention to urban and territorial dimension, identified by the name of Smart City. In other words, the paper aims at drawing the scenario of evolution of Smart Cities that can be delineated through the contextual reading of the three documents. To this end, the paper is divided into three parts: the first part briefly describes the general contents of the three European economic plan tools; the second part illustrates the scenarios for the future of the European city contained in each document; the third part seeks to trace the evolution of the Smart Cities issue developed by the set of the three instruments, in order to provide the framework of European Community for the near future of our cities

  6. Different Creative Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lorenzen, Mark; Vaarst Andersen, Kristina

    2012-01-01

    and exhibits a tendency of congregating in major cities with diverse service and cultural offers and tolerance to non-mainstream lifestyles. However, we find that a range of smaller Danish cities also attract the creative class. Second, we undertake qualitative interviews that facilitate theory building. We...... suggest that many creatives are attracted by the smaller cities' cost advantages, specialized job offers, attractive work/life balances, and authenticity and sense of community. The article synthesizes its results into four stylized types of creative cities, and concludes by discussing the policy...

  7. Suburbs and Cities

    OpenAIRE

    William N. Goetzmann; Matthew I. Spiegel; Susan M. Wachter

    1996-01-01

    This paper addresses the issue of how closely the fortunes of suburbs are tied to the fortunes of the central city. We use similarities in residential housing price dynamics as a measure of how closely the economies of cities and suburbs are related. We develop housing price indices for most of the zip codes in California, and use these in a clustering procedure to see whether cities and suburbs naturally aggregate together, or whether they move separately. We find that central cities tend to...

  8. Governing the City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kornberger, Martin

    2012-01-01

    cities. This theoretical curiosity is reflected in the rising interest in urban strategy from practice. For instance, the World Bank regularly organizes an Urban Strategy Speaker Series, while the powerful network CEOs for Cities lobbies for a strategic approach to urban development. Critical scholars...... such as Zukin diagnose not a shift in but a shift to strategic thinking in the contemporary city. This article poses the question: what makes strategy such an attractive ‘thought style’ in relation to imagining and managing cities? How can we understand the practice of urban strategy? And what are its intended...

  9. Philosophical thinking of theory innovation on Liaoning competitive sports training%对辽宁竞技体育训练理论创新的哲学思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    倪岩

    2011-01-01

    From a philosophical perspective,study the phenomenon of long-term advantages on development of competitive sports in Liaoning Province,root causes of maintain the sustainable competitive advantages of Liaoning Province competitive sports are training in the conceptual level of innovation,training process of management innovation and theoretical innovation.%从哲学角度,对辽宁省竞技体育发展长期保持优势的现象进行了研究,认为辽宁省对竞技体育训练理念层面的创新、对竞技训练过程的管理创新和理论创新是辽宁省竞技体育保持持续竞争优势的根本原因。

  10. In Western Liaoning province area oil shale need for geological exploration and mining development%辽西地区油页岩矿急待勘查开发

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宫占全

    2011-01-01

    当前国际能源的短缺,油页岩炼制页岩油可替代石油能源.辽西地区油页岩矿分布广泛,资源储量规模巨大,综合开发利用经济价值高.为早日改变辽西的贫穷与落后,勘查开发油页岩矿迫在眉睫.%The current international energy shortage, Shale oil shale oil refining alternative energy sources. In liaoning province oil shale contains western region ore widely distributed, Contain oil shale mineral resources is very big, Contain oil shale ore comprehensive exploitation and utilization of economic value is very big. In western liaoning province area accelerate transformation of poverty and backwardness, Geology exploration and mining development including oil shale ore is imminent.

  11. 从企业关系网络视角看辽宁产业集群的成因%Cause of industrial clusters in Liaoning from perspective of network of business relationships

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于颖

    2011-01-01

    企业关系网络是社会资本的一种形式,也是一种重要的分析方法。运用企业关系网络这一理论框架,分析辽宁产业集群的成因,探索其发展的特殊性,为辽宁产业集群乃至社会发展决策提供有价值的参考。%Network of business relationships is a form of social capital and an important analytical method as well.The paper analyzed the cause of industrial clusters in Liaoning and explored its developmental specificity applying the theoretical framework of network of business relationships.It will serve as a valuable reference for industrial clusters in Liaoning and social development policy.

  12. The City at Stake:

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sophie Esmann Andersen

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Studies of the city have been addressed from many different approaches such as law, political science, art history and public administration, in which the eco-nomic, political and legal status of the city have played a major role. However, a new agenda for conceptualizing the city has emerged, in which the city assumes new roles. By using stakeholder theory as a framework for conceptualizing the city, we argue that the city assumes a political-economic agenda-setting role as well as providing a stage for identity constructions and relational performances for consumers, organizations, the media, politicians and other stakeholders. Stakeholder theory allows us to conceptualize the city as being constituted by stakes and relationships between stakeholders which are approached from three analytical positions (modern, postmodern and hypermodern, respectively, thereby allowing us to grasp different stakes and types of relationships, ranging from functional and contractual relationships to individualized and emotionally driven or more non-committal and fluid forms of relationships. In order to support and illustrate the analytical potentials of our framework for conceptualizing urban living, we introduce a project which aims to turn the city of Aarhus into a CO2-neutral city by the year 2030, entitled Aarhus CO2030. We conclude that applying stakeholder theory to a hyper-complex organization such as a city opens up for a reconceptualization of the city as a web of stakes and stakeholder relations. Stakeholder theory contributes to a nuanced and elaborate understanding of the urban complexity and web of both enforced and voluntary relationships as well as the different types of relationships that characterize urban life.

  13. 1998—2010年辽宁省花生生产成本收益分析%An Analysis of the Cost and Benefit of Peanut Production Between 1998 and 2010 in Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    米灿灿; 吕杰

    2012-01-01

    This study was based on the data of the cost and benefit of the Liaoning peanut production between 1998 and 2010. The methods of comparative analysis and factor analysis were applied to find out the main factors that might affect the cost and benefit of the Liaoning peanut production. The result showed that the cost and benefit of peanut production in Liaoning Province were both increased and the increase of such costs as chemical fertilizer, agricultural machinery and manual work, etc. had caused the cost increase of the Liaoning peanut production while the rise of market price of peanut had contributed to the benefit increase of peanut production.%依据1998~2010年辽宁省花生生产成本收益的相关统计数据,采用成本收益比较分析法和因素分析法对辽宁省花生的生产成本与收益进行分析结果表明,辽宁省花生生产成本和收益均是逐年递增的。其中化肥、机械作业和人工三个成本项目的大幅度上涨是导致辽宁省花生生产成本增加的主要原因,而花生市场价格的上涨,则是辽宁省花生生产收益增加的主要因素。

  14. A liveable city:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sommerlund, Julie

    2014-01-01

    is increas- ingly based in and on cities rather than nations, and cities compete for businesses, branding, tourists and talent. In the western world, urbanisation has happened simultane- ously to de-industrialisation, which has opened industrial neighbourhoods and harbours for new uses – often focus- ing...

  15. Deer City Legend

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIUHUANZHI; LILIKUN

    2003-01-01

    MORE and more commodities,such as clothes,shoes,millinery,lighters and shavers,now bear the “Made in Wenzhou”mark.It woule appear that Wenzhou grooms the whole nation.Lucheng(deer city)District in central Wenzhou is the nucleus of the city's thriving light industry sector.

  16. Reflective cool cities

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Heidegger, V.

    2011-01-01

    This "designers' manual" is made during the TIDO-course AR0531 Smart & Bioclimatic Design. Our globe is heating, and cities are heating up much more. At the same time, cities are growing and green spaces are substituted by buildings and streets. These man-made surfaces are dark and tend to heat up

  17. Walkout in Crystal City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barrios, Greg

    2009-01-01

    When students take action, they create change that extends far beyond the classroom. In this article, the author, who was a former teacher from Crystal City, Texas, remembers the student walkout that helped launch the Latino civil rights movement 40 years ago. The Crystal City student walkout remains a high point in the history of student activism…

  18. Preface (to Playable Cities)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Unknown, [Unknown; Nijholt, A.; Nijholt, Antinus

    In this book, we address the issue of playfulness and playability in intelligent and smart cities. Playful technology can be introduced and authorized by city authorities. This can be compared and is similar to the introduction of smart technology in theme and recreational parks. However, smart

  19. City Improves State Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    EnjoyceZhu

    2003-01-01

    As China's new leadership drafts measures to help ailing Stateowned enterprises(SOEs),Changchun,a strategic city in the Rust Belt,is reaping benefits unseen in more than a decade of SOE reform.Home to a large number of SOEs,Changchun has had its share of bureaucracy and stagnation.The city initiated a program called,“Saving SOEs

  20. CHONGQING, the Hot City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ Chongqing is a well-known city with a history of more than 3,000 years. It is a famous historical and cultural city in China. Chongqing is the birthplace of the Bayu Culture. At present, Chongqing is a municipality directly under the Central Government with the largest area, the most administrative districts and the largest population.

  1. City profile: Paramaribo

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verrest, H.J.L.M.

    2010-01-01

    Paramaribo, the largest and only significant urban area in Suriname, is a typical primate city. The majority of the countries’ population resides here and the majority of political, social and economic functions is clustered in the urban zone. In the course of the 20th century, the city changed dram

  2. Making the Experience City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Ole B.

    2009-01-01

    This paper describes the latest research into cultural planning and architectural branding in Denmark based on the ‘Experience City' research project located at Aalborg University. The paper explores the implication of the turn towards culture and experience in the contemporary Danish city. It thus...

  3. Futures of cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2008-01-01

    Bogen dokumenterer resultater fra den internationale kongres Futures of Cities arrangeret af IFHP International Federation of Housing and Planning, Realdania, Kunstakademiets Arkitektskole og City of Copenhagen. Kongressen blev afholdt i september 2007 i Øksnehallen og på Kunstakademiets Arkitekt...

  4. Analysis of the Fairness in Allocation of Health Resources in Liaoning Province Based on Theil Index%基于泰尔指数的辽宁卫生资源配置公平性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李贞玉; 孔祥金; 高丽敏

    2013-01-01

    利用泰尔指数对辽宁省卫生资源配置公平性进行分析评价,其中包括医院(卫生院)床位、卫生总人员、卫生技术人员、医师和护士(师)等五项.研究结果显示,辽宁卫生资源配置的总体公平性较好,但不同经济发展水平区域卫生资源配置的公平性存在较大差异,区域间差异是导致辽宁卫生资源配置不公平的主要成因.%It analyzes and evaluates Liaoning Province health resource allocation fairness using the Theil index,which includes beds in hospitals (health centers),health personnel,health technicians,physicians and nurses (division).The results shows that the overall fairness of the allocation of health resources in Liaoning is well.However,the fairness of the different levels of economic development in regional health resource allocation is quite different,inter-regional differences are the major causes about the unfairness of Liaoning allocation of health resources.

  5. Regional Innovation Ability Factor Analysis of Liaoning Coastal Economic Belt%辽宁沿海经济带区域创新能力的因子分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    关旭; 孙明帅

    2014-01-01

    在区域创新的相关研究基础上,介绍了辽宁沿海经济带经济发展总体水平和区域发展现状,并采用因子分析方法对辽宁沿海经济带创新能力进行了评价,得出影响辽宁沿海经济带区域创新能力问题的主要因素,包括创新基础能力、投入能力、产出能力和支持能力。并通过因子得分情况对区域内部一体化问题进行了分析,并提供了相应的解决对策。%Based on the regional innovation research ,this paper introduces Liaoning coastal economic belt overall level of economic development and situation of regional innovation. Then it uses factor analysis method to evaluate the innovation ability of Liaoning coastal economic belt and it concludes that the main factors affecting regional innovation ability of Liaoning coastal economic belt includes the innovation ability ,input capabili-ty ,output capability and support capability. It analyzes the regional internal integration problems through factor score table ,at last it provides the countermeasures .

  6. Investigating for the Status of Virtual Reference Service in Grassroots Public libraries in Liaoning Province%辽宁省基层公共图书馆虚拟参考咨询服务现状调研

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩冰

    2012-01-01

    在分析辽宁省基层公共图书馆虚拟参考咨询服务发展现状的基础上,提出了辽宁省基层公共图书馆应当建立以辽宁省图书馆为中心,联合省内高校图书馆、科研院所图书馆,组成区域联合参考咨询联盟,并加入全国范围的联合参考咨询网,实行分布、实时、联合的图书馆参考咨询服务发展策略。%Based on the analysis of the present situation of Virtual Reference Service in the public grassroots libraries in Liaoning province,the article puts forward the public grassroots libraries in Liaoning province should establish regional cooperating digital inquiry union which makes Liaoning province library as the center joining with academic libraries and research institutions libraries and they also ought to attend the nationwide joint reference network.They should carry out the development strategy of distributed real-time cooperated Virtual Reference Service.

  7. 辽宁省水情数据库中集群技术的探讨与应用%Discussion and Application of Cluster Technology of Hydrologic Information Database in Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁冰; 梁卓然

    2015-01-01

    Clustering technology is a hot spot of the study on database field. This paper discusses the theory and application of cluster technology systematically, with the hydrologic information database of Liaoning Province as an example. It introduces the schemas of Share-Disk and Share-Nothing, and discusses the application of clustering technology in SOL-Server of Liaoning Province hydrologic information database as a key issue. Results shows that:the technology could ensure the high availability, data security, expansion and load balancing of hydrologic information database in Liaoning Province%集群技术是当今数据库领域的研究热点之一.以辽宁省水情数据库为例,深入讨论集群技术的理论与应用,详细介绍Share-Disk与Share-Nothing 2种集群构架,并在此基础上着重探讨Moebius技术在辽宁省水情数据库SOL Server中的应用.应用结果表明:集群技术可保证辽宁省水情数据库的高可用、数据安全、扩展性及负载均衡.

  8. How to Promote Economic Development in Liaoning by Speeding up Government Function Transformation%加快转变政府职能与促进辽宁经济发展的建议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭小芳; 王宁宁

    2015-01-01

    加快转变政府职能对于辽宁经济发展具有重要意义。辽宁省面临经济减速压力大、产能过剩矛盾突出、企业经营存在困难的现状,亟待进一步打开转变政府职能这扇大门,以政府职能转变的新成效为经济社会发展注入新的动力和活力。从政府职能转变的角度,可以通过政府职能重新定位、政府权力边界重新界定、政府服务内容重新设计三个方面来促进辽宁经济加快发展。%Government function transformation is important for the economic development in Liaoning prov-ince.With pressure on slowing down the economy , contradiction of excess production capacity and difficulties in enterprise ’ s operation , the government of Liaoning province should further transform its functions so as to inject new dynamism and vitality into the economic and social development .To reposition government functions , redefine government right boundaries and redesign the government services may promote economic development in Liaoning .

  9. Investigation and Analysis of University Stadia Resource in Liaoning Province%辽宁高校体育场馆资源的现状调查与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘大明; 李春月; 丁方凯

    2016-01-01

    The paper adopts the method of questionnaire to conduct a stratified sampling survey on the resource of university stadia in Liaoning province.The investigation result shows that the university stadia in Liaoning province are rich in resource,large in number,and high in quality and standard.The paper suggests universities in Liaoning province to take an initiative in exploring market operation and management of stadia,realizing self compensation and self updating,constantly meeting people’s increasing need of bodybuilding and creating a convenient way for citizens to exercise.%采用问卷调查法对辽宁高校体育场馆资源进行分层抽样调查。调查结果显示:辽宁各类高校体育场馆资源丰富,数量大,质量、标准较高。建议辽宁高校应积极探索体育场馆市场化运营与管理,实现自我补偿和自我更新,并不断满足人们日益增长的体育健身需求,为人民群众探索出一条便利的健身路径。

  10. 基于系统动力学的辽宁临港产业带经济影响分析%Economy analysis on coastal economic zone in Liaoning province based on system dynamics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王健; 王军; 王美蓉

    2014-01-01

    The economy influence on coastal economic zone in Liaoning province was conducted based on system dynamics (SD), combining with input-output method, the multiplier, and econometrics model .SD model was applied to analyze the influence on economy of coastal economic zone in Liaoning province by using VENSIM software .The dynamic variation of the influences of coastal economic zone before year 2020 on the social economy in Liaoning province was obtained through basic simulation and policy simulation , and the influence of different policies on its development was also researched .%以系统动力学模型为主体,结合投入产出法、乘数法和计量经济学模型,对辽宁省临港产业带的经济影响进行分析。运用VENSIM软件构建辽宁临港产业带经济影响的系统动力学模型,通过基本模拟和政策模拟,获得2020年前辽宁临港产业带对社会经济影响的动态变化,并分析了不同政策对其发展的影响。

  11. 辽宁省科学技术馆新馆园林景观设想%The Design Conception of the New Liaoning Science and Technology Museum’s Landscape

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    滕云; 兰庆高; 滕昊

    2013-01-01

      辽宁省科技馆新馆建成后,将成为辐射全省乃至东北的科普活动中心,将为全省各市科技馆的建设明确方向,将为全省人民,特别是青少年提供良好的科学学习场所,将在全国科技馆界产生重大影响。根据科技馆新馆景观环境和沈阳地区园林绿化发展现状进行分析,提出适合辽宁省科技馆园林景观可持续发展的设计方案。%  The Liaoning Science and Technology Museum will become the popular science activity center of radiation across the whole province and the northeast area. It is the direction of all Science and Technology Museums construction in Liaoning Province. It can provide a good scientific learning place for people, especially young people. Also, there is a significant impaction on the national Science and Technology Museum circles. According to the current situation of the new Science and Technology Museum’s landscape environment and the current situation of Shenyang’s landscape afforest, the article puts forward the design scheme for the Liaoning Science and Technology Museum landscape sustainable development.

  12. Universities Scale Like Cities

    CERN Document Server

    van Raan, Anthony F J

    2012-01-01

    Recent studies of urban scaling show that important socioeconomic city characteristics such as wealth and innovation capacity exhibit a nonlinear, particularly a power law scaling with population size. These nonlinear effects are common to all cities, with similar power law exponents. These findings mean that the larger the city, the more disproportionally they are places of wealth and innovation. Local properties of cities cause a deviation from the expected behavior as predicted by the power law scaling. In this paper we demonstrate that universities show a similar behavior as cities in the distribution of the gross university income in terms of total number of citations over size in terms of total number of publications. Moreover, the power law exponents for university scaling are comparable to those for urban scaling. We find that deviations from the expected behavior can indeed be explained by specific local properties of universities, particularly the field-specific composition of a university, and its ...

  13. Great cities look small

    CERN Document Server

    Sim, Aaron; Barahona, Mauricio; Stumpf, Michael P H

    2015-01-01

    Great cities connect people; failed cities isolate people. Despite the fundamental importance of physical, face-to-face social-ties in the functioning of cities, these connectivity networks are not explicitly observed in their entirety. Attempts at estimating them often rely on unrealistic over-simplifications such as the assumption of spatial homogeneity. Here we propose a mathematical model of human interactions in terms of a local strategy of maximising the number of beneficial connections attainable under the constraint of limited individual travelling-time budgets. By incorporating census and openly-available online multi-modal transport data, we are able to characterise the connectivity of geometrically and topologically complex cities. Beyond providing a candidate measure of greatness, this model allows one to quantify and assess the impact of transport developments, population growth, and other infrastructure and demographic changes on a city. Supported by validations of GDP and HIV infection rates ac...

  14. Marriage and the City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gautier, Pieter; Svarer, Michael; Teulings, Coen

    Do people move to cities because of marriage market considerations? In cities singles can meet more potential partners than in rural areas. Singles are therefore prepared to pay a premium in terms of higher housing prices. Once married, the marriage market benefits disappear while the housing...... premium remains. We extend the model of Burdett and Coles (1997) with a distinction between efficient (cities) and less efficient (non-cities) search markets. One implication of the model is that singles are more likely to move from rural areas to cities while married couples are more likely to make...... the reverse movement. A second prediction of the model is that attractive singles benefit most from a dense market (i.e. from being choosy). Those predictions are tested with a unique Danish dataset....

  15. Marriage and the City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gautier, Pieter; Svarer, Michael; Teulings, Coen

    Do people move to cities because of marriage market considerations? In cities singles can meet more potential partners than in rural areas. Singles are therefore prepared to pay a premium in terms of higher housing prices. Once married, the marriage market benefits disappear while the housing...... premium remains. We extend the model of Burdett and Coles (1997) with a distinction between efficient (cities) and less efficient (non-cities) search markets. One implication of the model is that singles are more likely to move from rural areas to cities while married couples are more likely to make...... the reverse movement. A second prediction of the model is that attractive singles benefit most from a dense market (i.e. from being choosy). Those predictions are tested with a unique Danish dataset....

  16. The Flickering Global City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric Slater

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available This article explores new dimensions of the global city in light of the correlation between hegemonic transition and the prominence of financial centers. It counterposes Braudel’s historical sequence of dominant cities to extant approaches in the literature, shifting the emphasis from a convergence of form and function to variations in history and structure. The marked increase of finance in the composition of London, New York and Tokyo has paralleled each city’s occupation of a distinct niche in world financial markets: London is the principal center of currency exchange, New York is the primary equities market, and Tokyo is the leader in international banking. This division expresses the progression of world-economies since the nineteenth century and unfolds in the context of the present hegemonic transition. By combining world-historical and city-centered approaches, the article seeks to reframe the global city and overcome the limits inherent in the paradigm of globalization.

  17. A liveable city:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sommerlund, Julie

    2014-01-01

    There are over 20 cities world-wide with a population of over 10 million people. We have entered ‘The Millennium of the City’. The growth of urban populations has been accompanied by profound changes of the cities’ economic and social profile and of the cities themselves. The world economy...... is increas- ingly based in and on cities rather than nations, and cities compete for businesses, branding, tourists and talent. In the western world, urbanisation has happened simultane- ously to de-industrialisation, which has opened industrial neighbourhoods and harbours for new uses – often focus- ing...... on experience. We will argue for a human turn in the research on liveabil- ity and urbanisation, and debates the concept of liveability. We will take Copenhagen as our main case and compare with other cities from around the world....

  18. 2008 City of Baltimore Lidar

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — In the spring of 2008, the City of Baltimore expressed an interest to upgrade the City GIS Database with mapping quality airborne LiDAR data. The City of Baltimore...

  19. Cities, Towns and Villages, City Limits of City of Dubuque, IA, Published in 2007, City of Dubuque.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2007. It is described as 'City Limits of City of...

  20. Anthropologic study of 5 tongue movements of Han nationality in Jinzhou Liaoning%辽宁锦州汉族5项舌运动类型

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李文慧; 席焕久; 任甫; 温有锋; 孙一获

    2012-01-01

    Objective:To study 5 tongue movements including tongue rolling, tongue folding, tongue twisting, pointed tongue and clover-leaf tongue of Han in Jinzhou Liaoning province to accumulate data for human anthropology. Methods: 381 samples (185 males, 196 females) of Han in Jinzhou Liaoning were investigated on 5 tongue movements. Results: (1) The frequencies of tongue rolling, tongue folding, tongue twisting, pointed tongue and clover-leaf tongue were 67. 98%, 43. 57%, 28. 61%, 83. 73% and 11. 02% respectively. There were significant sexual differences in the frequencies of tongue twisting, while not of other tongue movements. (2) Compared with other nationalities, Han in Jinzhou had a lower frequency of clover-leaf tongue, while other tongue movements were middle types. (3) Tongue rolling had interactive relations with tongue folding and clover-leaf tongue; and tongue twisting had interactive relations with clover-leaf tongue. There were no correlations in other tongue movements. Conclusion: There are no significant sexual differences in the frequencies of tongue movements of Han in Jinzhou Liaoning province In general, there are higher potentials of tongue movement in this area than other areas.%目的:探讨辽宁锦州地区汉族成年人卷舌、叠舌、翻舌、尖舌、三叶舌5项舌运动类型出现情况,为人类学群体遗传学积累资料.方法:在知情同意的基础上,随机调查了辽宁锦州地区汉族健康成年人381例(男185例,女196例)卷舌、叠舌、翻舌、尖舌、三叶舌5项舌运动类型.结果:5项舌运动类型的出现率分别为67.98%、43.57%、28.61%、83.73%、11.02%.除翻舌外,其他4项舌运动类型的出现率无性别间差异.与其他地区汉族族群及少数民族相比,辽宁锦州汉族三叶舌出现率较低,其他4种舌运动类型出现率均属于中等类型.卷舌分别与叠舌和三叶舌之间存在相关,翻舌与三叶舌之间存在相关,其他舌运动类型间无相关

  1. @City: technologising Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rojas, Jesús

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available This article is about the concept of the contemporary city - the influence that technology has when one thinks about, plans and lives in a city. The conjunction of technology and city reformulates customs and social practices; it can even determine the way one constitutes one's own identity. One can see how close the relation is between technology (specifically, TICS and the structures of the city in a wide variety of situations: in social interactions on the street, in transport, and in ways of buying, of working and entertainment. "@City" is a concept that very well reflects the emergent properties of a current city, that is, the coexistence of a physical and a virtual urban space. The "22@Barcelona" project attempts to bring together different types of spaces. By combining the physical with the virtual, 22@Barcelona, as a neighborhood of @City, creates an uncertain and blurred border between both spaces.The article also examines the impact that these spaces have on the psycho-social processes involved in the daily life of a traditionally working-class neighborhood, now strongly limited by technological boundaries.

  2. @City: technologising Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús Rojas

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available This article is about the concept of the contemporary city - the influence that technology has when one thinks about, plans and lives in a city. The conjunction of  technology and city reformulates customs and social practices; it can even determine the way one constitutes one's own identity. One can see how close the relation is between technology (specifically, TICS and the structures of the city in a wide variety of situations: in social interactions on the street, in transport, and in ways of buying, of working and entertainment. "@City" is a concept that very well reflects  the emergent properties of a current city, that is, the coexistence of a physical and a virtual urban space. The "22@Barcelona" project attempts to bring together different types of spaces. By combining the physical with the virtual, 22@Barcelona, as a neighborhood of @City,  creates an uncertain and blurred border between both spaces.The article also examines the impact that these spaces have on the psycho-social processes involved in the daily life of a traditionally working-class neighborhood, now strongly limited by technological boundaries.

  3. Making the Experience City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Ole B.

    2009-01-01

    makes an investigation into the complex relationship between the words and policies of the ‘Experience Economy' and the actual urban transformations made in cities with reference to these changes. The paper discusses the cases researched in relation to the state, market, civil society framework as well......This paper describes the latest research into cultural planning and architectural branding in Denmark based on the ‘Experience City' research project located at Aalborg University. The paper explores the implication of the turn towards culture and experience in the contemporary Danish city. It thus...

  4. Smart city – future city? smart city 20 as a livable city and future market

    CERN Document Server

    Etezadzadeh, Chirine

    2016-01-01

    The concept of a livable smart city presented in this book highlights the relevance of the functionality and integrated resilience of viable cities of the future. It critically examines the progressive digitalization that is taking place and identifies the revolutionized energy sector as the basis of urban life. The concept is based on people and their natural environment, resulting in a broader definition of sustainability and an expanded product theory. Smart City 2.0 offers its residents many opportunities and is an attractive future market for innovative products and services. However, it presents numerous challenges for stakeholders and product developers.

  5. Cities and Refugees

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Katz, Bruce; Noring, Luise; Garrelts, Nantke

    institutions, it is municipalities across Europe in general and Germany in particular who are responsible for planning, delivering, and, in some cases, financing the housing, education, and full integration of new arrivals. “Cities and Refugees: The European Response” is a collaboration of the Brookings...... Centennial Scholar Initiative and the Foreign Policy program, with key research led by the Copenhagen Business School. It aims to show the extent to which cities are at the vanguard of this crisis and to deepen our understanding of the role and capacity of city governments and local networks in resettlement...... and long-term economic and social integration....

  6. Metamorphism of the northern Liaoning Complex: Implications for the tectonic evolution of Neoarchean basement of the Eastern Block, North China Craton

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kam Kuen Wu

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available As one of the areas where typical late Archean crust is exposed in the Eastern Block of the North China Craton, the northern Laioning Complex consists principally of tonalitic-trondhjemitic-granodioritic (TTG gneisses, massive granitoids and supracrustal rocks. The supracrustal rocks, named the Qingyuan Group, consist of interbedded amphibolite, hornblende granulite, biotite granulite and BIF. Petrological evidence indicates that the amphibolites experienced the early prograde (M1, peak (M2 and post-peak (M3 metamorphism. The early prograde assemblage (M1 is preserved as mineral inclusions, represented by actinotite + hornblende + plagioclase + epidote + quartz + sphene, within garnet porphyroblasts. The peak assemblage (M2 is indicated by garnet + clinopyroxene + hornblende + plagioclase + quartz + ilmenite, which occur as major mineral phases in the rock. The post-peak assemblage (M3 is characterized by the garnet + quartz symplectite. The P–T pseudosections in the NCFMASHTO system constructed by using THERMOCALC define the P–T conditions of M1, M2 and M3 at 490–550 °C/<4.5 kbar, 780–810 °C/7.65–8.40 kbar and 630–670 °C/8.15–9.40 kbar, respectively. As a result, an anticlockwise P–T path involving isobaric cooling is inferred for the metamorphic evolution of the amphibolites. Such a P–T path suggests that the late Archean metamorphism of the northern Liaoning Complex was related to the intrusion and underplating of mantle-derived magmas. The underplating of voluminous mantle-derived magmas leading to metamorphism with an anticlockwise P–T path involving isobaric cooling may have occurred in continental magmatic arc regions, above hot spots driven by mantle plumes, or in continental rift environments. A mantle plume model is favored because this model can reasonably interpret many other geological features of late Archean basement rocks from the northern Liaoning Complex in the Eastern Block of

  7. Optimization design of rural residence in southern region of Liaoning province%辽南地区农村住宅优化设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵妮娜; 张吉礼; 马良栋

    2016-01-01

    Aiming at rural residence in southern region of Liaoning province,a site survey is carried out on thermal performance of building envelops and indoor thermal environment in winter.And rural residential optimization design method based on natural indoor temperature is given.The influence of parameters of building envelope,plane layout and building shape on indoor temperature is studied through numerical simulation by using orthogonal experimental design. The simulation results indicate that south window to wall ratio is the main factor that influences indoor temperature and the size of south window is the key point for rural residential optimization design.According to the obtained optimal combination of parameters,an optimized residence is proposed,which can be applied to southern region of Liaoning province.It will provide theoretical guidance to new rural construction in this region.%面向辽宁南部地区农村住宅,对住宅围护结构热工性能、冬季室内热环境等方面展开实地调研,提出基于自然室温的农村住宅优化设计方法,并基于正交试验设计通过数值模拟分析研究围护结构各参数、平面布局、住宅体型对室内温度的影响。结果表明:南向窗墙比是影响室内温度的主要因素,南向窗户尺寸是农村住宅优化设计的重点。依据获得的各参数最佳组合,提出一套适用于辽宁南部地区的优化住宅,为该地区新农村建设提供理论指导。

  8. A Study of Entrepreneurship Education of Universities in Liaoning Province%辽宁省高校创业教育研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高薇

    2014-01-01

    面对当前严峻的就业形势,教育部鼓励各高校积极开展创业教育,将创新创业教育与高等教育中的专业课学习相结合,培养创新创业人才。虽然创业教育在辽宁省得到了广泛开展,在政策扶持、课程设置等方面均取得了一定的成果,但仍然存在创业教育理念缺乏、教育师资力量不足、课程设置不合理、实践环节脱离现实等问题。为了在辽宁省更好地开展创业教育,需要省内各高校创新教育理念、加强创业师资力量、构建完善的创业教育课程体系,并将创业理论与创业实践更好地结合。%Faced with the current severe employment situation, the Ministry of Education encourages colleges and universities to actively carry out entrepreneurship education, combine innova-tion and entrepreneurship education with specialized courses in higher education to cultivate innovative talents. Entrepreneurship education has been widely carried out in Liaoning Province, and has achieved certain results in terms of policy support, curricu-lum setting, etc., but there are still some problems such as a lack of entrepreneurship education philosophy, a lack of education faculty, unreasonable curriculum setting, the separation of prac-tice from reality, etc. In order to better carry out entrepreneurship education in Liaoning Province, it is required that colleges and universities innovate entrepreneurship education ideas, strength entrepreneurship faculty, build a sound system of entrepreneur-ship education curriculum, and better integrate entrepreneurship theory with entrepreneurship practice.

  9. Somatotype of Han nationality adults in Liaoning with Heath-Carter method%应用Heath-Carter法分析辽宁汉族成人的体型特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张海龙; 席焕久; 阎文柱; 姜东; 温有锋

    2011-01-01

    目的:了解辽宁汉族成人的体型特征.方法:应用Heath-Carter法对1497名(男745名,女752名)辽宁汉族成人进行体型特征分析.结果:辽宁汉族成人男性平均体型值为4.6-4.5-1.5,属内胚层-中胚层均衡体型,女性平均体型值为6.2-3.9-1.3,属偏中胚层的内胚层体型;辽宁汉族成人体型的性别差异表现为女性的内因子值占优势,而男性的中因子值大于女性,因此男性的骨骼、肌肉较发达,女性的皮下脂肪更发达,体态丰满;辽宁汉族成人体型与其他群体的比较显示辽宁汉族男性体型与山东汉族体型最接近,与蒙古族、美国东北和中西部人群相近,女性与蒙古族和山东汉族相接近.结论:辽宁汉族成人皮下脂肪较厚,骨骼、肌肉系统较发达,身体线性度中等;女性皮下脂肪发达,体态丰满;而男性骨骼和肌肉发育良好,敦实健壮.%Objective: To understand somatotype characteristics of adults of Han nationality in Liaoning. Methods: The body shape of 1497 (men 745, women 752) Liaoning Han adults was analyzed with Heath-Carter method. Results: Liaoning average-sized adult male Han was 4. 6-4. 5-1. 5, in the case of endodermal-mesoderm and balanced body; women on average-sized value was 6. 2-3. 9-1. 3, mesomorphic endomorph. The gender differences of Liaoning Han adult body: the endomor-phy of the female was greater than the male, the mesomorphy of the male was higher, therefore the male body was relatively strong, and subcutaneous fat of female was more developed. The body comparison between Liaoning Han adult and other group: Liaoning Han male figure was close to the Shandong Han, Mongols and the Northeast and Midwest of United States, female and Mongolia and Shandong Han were very near. Conclusion: Liaoning Chinese adults have a thick subcutaneous fat, more developed bone and muscle system, the linearity of medium body. Female subcutaneous fat developed bux-omly. Male bones and muscles are in

  10. 辽宁农村汉族成人的Heath-Carter法体型分析%Somatotype of rural adults of Han in Liaoning province with Heath-Carter method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张海龙; 席焕久; 阎文柱; 刘素伟; 姜东; 温有锋

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨辽宁农村汉族成人的体型特点.方法用Heath-Carter体型法对978名(男488名,女490名)辽宁农村汉族成人进行体型分析.结果探讨辽宁农村汉族成人男性平均体型值为4.5-4.7-1.4,属内胚层-中胚层均衡体型,女性平均体型值为6.0-4.3-0.9,属偏中胚层的内胚层体型.辽宁农村汉族成人体型的性别差异:女性的内因子值占优势,而中、外因子值男性大于女性,男性较女性外因子高、内因子低,因此男性的身体相对瘦高,身材相对修长,女性的皮下脂肪更发达,体态丰满.辽宁农村汉族成人体型与其他群体的比较:辽宁农村汉族男性体型与鄂温克族、回族、墨西哥和美国爱斯基摩人的差异非常显著,与美国东北和中西部人群相接近,女性与回族和墨西哥人的差异非常显著,与印度和蒙古族相接近.结论辽宁农村汉族成人皮下脂肪较厚,骨骼、肌肉系统较发达,身体线性度中等.女性皮下脂肪发达,体态丰满.男性骨骼和肌肉发育良好,体型稍显修长.%Objective To understand the somatotype of rural Liaoning adults of Han nationality. Methods Heath-Carter shape was performed on 978 ( men 488 and women 490 ) Liaoning rural adult body shape analysis. Results Liaoning rural average-sized adult male is 4. 5-4. 7-1.4, it belongs to endodermal-mesoderm and balanced body, women average-size is 6. 0-4. 3-0. 9, it is of endodermal figure. Liaoning rural Han adult body: gender differences in femaledominated, in factor value, the value of external factor is greater than the female, the male males than females external factor is high, low, and therefore within the factor male body with a high degree of relative slip , is relatively thin, women of subcutaneous fat more developed, buxom. Liaoning rural adult body and other Han group comparison: Liaoning rural males figure and Ewenki, Hui, Mexico and the United States have very different Eskimos, the distinctiveness a nd

  11. Towards Intelligently - Sustainable Cities?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luca Salvati

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available In the quest for achieving sustainable cities, Intelligent and Knowledge City Programmes (ICPs and KCPs represent cost-efficient strategies for improving the overall performance of urban systems. However, even though nobody argues on the desirability of making cities “smarter”, the fundamental questions of how and to what extent can ICPs and KCPs contribute to the achievement of urban sustainability lack a precise answer. In the attempt of providing a structured answer to these interrogatives, this paper presents a methodology developed for investigating the modalities through which ICPs and KCPs contribute to the achievement or urban sustainability. Results suggest that ICPs and KCPs efficacy lies in supporting cities achieve a sustainable urban metabolism through optimization, innovation and behavior changes.

  12. Earthquakes in cities revisited

    CERN Document Server

    Wirgin, Armand

    2016-01-01

    During the last twenty years, a number of publications of theoretical-numerical nature have appeared which come to the apparently-reassuring conclusion that seismic motion on the ground in cities is smaller than what this motion would be in the absence of the buildings (but for the same underground and seismic load). Other than the fact that this finding tells nothing about the motion within the buildings, it must be confronted with the overwhelming empirical evidence (e.g, earthquakes in Sendai (2011), Kathmandu (2015), Tainan City (2016), etc.) that shaking within buildings of a city is often large enough to damage or even destroy these structures. I show, on several examples, that theory can be reconciled with empirical evidence, and suggest that the crucial subject of seismic response in cities is in need of more thorough research.

  13. Should Cities Regulate Graffiti?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Graffiti, while still a new phenomenon to most Chinese, is becoming more familiar among teenagers in big cities like Beijing and Shanghai. A recent report by Xinhua News Agency discusses the trend. The report said a small

  14. Towards healthy cities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Satterthwaite, D

    1996-01-01

    Cities contain many of the world's most unhealthy living environments. They are considered ecologically unsustainable because of high consumption and waste levels, attributed to high population density. However, well planned and managed cities can combine high living standards with remarkably low levels of energy consumption, resource use and wastes. The concentration of people and production creates many more possibilities of collecting and recycling wastes and for walking, bicycling and a high quality public transport. This potential for providing healthy, stimulating and valued places to live and work for all age groups could be achieved with good governance. In any city, this approach means encouragement and support from all levels of government for a great range of investments of capital, expertise and time by individuals, households, communities, voluntary organizations and nongovernmental organizations, as well as private enterprises. Moreover, this means managing competing claims and finding common ground between enterprises, trade unions and residents about what should be done to make the city healthier.

  15. WE LOVE THE CITY

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2011-01-01

    WE LOVE THE CITY Byen i bygningen, bygningen i byen Lasse Andersson, Ph.d., arkitekt maa, adjunkt ved Aalborg Universitet Med udstillingen WE LOVE THE CITY vil vi formidle mødet mellem urban design oog arkitektur. Disciplinen ’at bygge by’ har de seneste 20 år ikke tændt hjerterne hos...... fjern og ’usexet’ for unge arkitekter in spe. Det kan fremtidens by ikke være tjent med, og WE LOVE THE CITY vil derfor gerne vise alle, der færdes i byen og bruger dens arkitektur, at her er et potentiale. Med udstillingen WE LOVE THE CITY ønsker Utzon Centeret, LasseVegas Kontoret ApS og ADEPT...

  16. City of Parsons, Kansas

    Science.gov (United States)

    The EPA is providing notice of a proposed Administrative Penalty Assessment against the city of Parsons, KS, for alleged violations at the wastewater treatment plant located at 1636 22000 Rd, Parsons, KS 67357.

  17. The Experience City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marling, Gitte; Jensen, Ole B.; Kiib, Hans

    2009-01-01

      The article take its point of departure in the pressure of the experience economy on European cities - a pressure which in recent years has found its expression in a number of comprehensive transformations of the physical and architectural environments, and new eventscapes related to fun...... and cultural experience are emerging. In the discussion of the transformation into the ‘experience economy' relevant to cities and urban areas we rarely find an analysis of the physical and spatial implications of this transformation. However, the physical, cultural and democratic consequences...... of this development are discussed in the paper, as well as the problems and the new opportunities with which the ‘Experience city' is faced. The article focus on the design of the Danish Experience City with special emphasis on hybrid cultural projects and on performative urban spaces. It present the first findings...

  18. Postsovkhoz City & Postsovkhoz Person

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    Põlvamaal Moostes mõtte- ja keskkonnakunstitalgud "Postsovkhoz City" ja "Postsovkhoz Person". Näha saab endistesse tööstushoonetesse ülespandud näitusi ja installatsioone. 11. VIII esinejad, ettekanded.

  19. OpenCities Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Agency for International Development — The Open Cities Project aims to catalyze the creation, management and use of open data to produce innovative solutions for urban planning and resilience challenges...

  20. Ecological city planning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salvador Rueda

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available A territory, a city, a neighbourhood are all ecosystems; a mixture of chemico-physical and organic elements related to each other. That which defines an ecological system is the set of rules and characteristics which condition its relationships, and its duration in time is guaranteed by its efficiency and internal organization which applied to the city is translated in the reduction of the use of natural resources and in the increase of social organization. To increase the efficiency of the urban systems is the necessary condition for the formulation of ecological city planning favouring the maximum liveability of sites. Liveability is directly correlated to the optimization of numerous elements (public space, equipment, services, building techniques, innovative technology, social cohesion, biodiversity. To carry out such objectives, ecological city planning proposes a new model of town planning on three levels (subsoil, ground level, and upper level.

  1. City sewer collectors biocorrosion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ksiażek, Mariusz

    2014-12-01

    This paper presents the biocorrosion of city sewer collectors impregnated with special polymer sulphur binders, polymerized sulphur, which is applied as the industrial waste material. The city sewer collectors are settled with a colony of soil bacteria which have corrosive effects on its structure. Chemoautotrophic nitrifying bacteria utilize the residues of halites (carbamide) which migrate in the city sewer collectors, due to the damaged dampproofing of the roadway and produce nitrogen salts. Chemoorganotrophic bacteria utilize the traces of organic substrates and produce a number of organic acids (formic, acetic, propionic, citric, oxalic and other). The activity of microorganisms so enables the origination of primary and secondary salts which affect physical properties of concretes in city sewer collectors unfavourably.

  2. 辽宁省居民酒精使用障碍及影响因素分析%Alcohol use disorder and its influence factors among residents in Liaoning province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨晓丽; 潘国伟; 姜潮; 富增国; 于泉福; 于传友; 颜廷梅; 于丽娅; 刘莉; 于连政

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解辽宁省城乡居民酒精使用障碍患病率、分布特点和主要危险因素.方法 采用多阶段分层整群随机抽样方法,以复合性国际诊断交谈检查量表(CIDI 1.0)对辽宁省3个市3个县13 358名18~65岁城乡居民进行入户面访.结果 全部调查者和饮酒者的酒精使用障碍终生患病率分别为4.24%和16.17%,12月患病率为3.45%和13.59%,2周患病率为2.70%和10.93%;酒精使用障碍终生患病率与饮酒频率和饮酒量呈剂量-效应关系;多因素分析结果显示,男性(OR=2.01,95%CI=1.28~3.15)、离婚(OR=2.09,95%CI=1.30~3.36)、吸烟(OR=1.35,95%CI=1.08~1.68);饮酒量、饮酒频度是辽宁省城乡居民酒精使用障碍终生患病率的主要危险因素,年龄≥55岁(OR=0.63,95%CI=0.45~0.86)危险性较低.结论 男性、25~54岁、吸烟者及离婚者为酒精使用障碍高发人群和防治重点.%Objective To describe the prevalence and distribution of alcohol use disorders among adult residents in Liaoning province. Methods Totally 13 358 subjects aged 18 -65 years were randomly selected from 3 cities and 3 counties with stratified multi-stage cluster sampling method and were assessed based on DSM Ⅲ-R diagnoses by face-to-face interview with Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) 1.0. Results The lifetime, 12 month and 2 week prevalence of alcohol use disorder were 4. 24% ,3.45% ,and 2. 70% for all residents and 16. 17% ,6. 88% ,and 9. 30% for alcohol drinkers, respectively. A significant dose-response relationship was observed between the lifetime prevalence of alcohol use disorders and the drinking days per week, and alcohol consumption daily. The risk factors of lifetime prevalence of alcohol use disorder were male( odds ratio [ OR ] = 2. 01,95% confidence interval [ CI]: 1.28 - 3. 15 ), smoking ( OR = 1.35,95 % CI: 1. 08 - 1.68 ), divorced ( OR = 2. 09,95 % CI: 1.30 - 3.36 ), alcohol consumption, and frequency of alcohol

  3. Aging City Leads Way

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The northern city of Dalian has become a model of care for the elderly that other Chinese cities are following Chinese Minister of Civil Affairs Li Xueju has called upon civil affairs agencies in the nation to learn from Dalian’s diversified models for elderly care,ranging from running collectively owned and foreign-designed nursing homes to offering tax incentives to private households and companies serving the elderly

  4. Keys to the City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Monsson, Christian Kjær

    2014-01-01

    Review of: Keys to the City: How Economics, Institutions, Social Interaction, and Politics Shape Development / Michael Storper Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, 2013, 288 pp., $39.95/£27.95 (cloth), ISBN 9780691143118......Review of: Keys to the City: How Economics, Institutions, Social Interaction, and Politics Shape Development / Michael Storper Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, 2013, 288 pp., $39.95/£27.95 (cloth), ISBN 9780691143118...

  5. Sinking coastal cities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erkens, G.; Bucx, T.; Dam, R.; de Lange, G.; Lambert, J.

    2015-11-01

    In many coastal and delta cities land subsidence now exceeds absolute sea level rise up to a factor of ten. A major cause for severe land subsidence is excessive groundwater extraction related to rapid urbanization and population growth. Without action, parts of Jakarta, Ho Chi Minh City, Bangkok and numerous other coastal cities will sink below sea level. Land subsidence increases flood vulnerability (frequency, inundation depth and duration of floods), with floods causing major economic damage and loss of lives. In addition, differential land movement causes significant economic losses in the form of structural damage and high maintenance costs for (infra)structure. The total damage worldwide is estimated at billions of dollars annually. As subsidence is often spatially variable and can be caused by multiple processes, an assessment of subsidence in delta cities needs to answer questions such as: what are the main causes? What is the current subsidence rate and what are future scenarios (and interaction with other major environmental issues)? Where are the vulnerable areas? What are the impacts and risks? How can adverse impacts be mitigated or compensated for? Who is involved and responsible to act? In this study a quick-assessment of subsidence is performed on the following mega-cities: Jakarta, Ho Chi Minh City, Dhaka, New Orleans and Bangkok. Results of these case studies will be presented and compared, and a (generic) approach how to deal with subsidence in current and future subsidence-prone areas is provided.

  6. City marketing: online communication plan for the city of Lisbon

    OpenAIRE

    Altrichter, Benjamin

    2011-01-01

    Mestrado em Marketing City Marketing represents marketing efforts of cities in order to attract more visitors. Today, we are confronted everyday with marketing campaigns in all different communication media promoting countries, cities or events. Cities are competing for visitors on a global scale, forcing them to adapt successful marketing strategies for gaining and retaining costumers. Yet, City Marketing still remains an unknown chapter for a big part of the general public an...

  7. 宽甸县卫氏肺吸虫宿主感染情况调查%Investigation of Paragonimus westermani host in Kuandian County of Liaoning province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄豫晓; 张帅; 沈燕; 梁姣; 王军; 刘学武; 李英辉; 赵亚

    2016-01-01

    目的 了解宽甸县卫氏肺吸虫中间宿主蜊蛄和保虫宿主犬的感染现状,为当地肺吸虫病防治工作提供依据.方法 采集蜊蛄,镜检卫氏肺吸虫囊蚴;收集流行区犬粪,镜检卫氏肺吸虫卵.结果 在宽甸县硼海镇和牛毛坞镇采集的中间宿主蜊蛄体内均未检获卫氏肺吸虫囊蚴;当地村庄重要保虫宿主犬粪中也未检出卫氏肺吸虫卵.结论 调查发现宽甸县卫氏肺吸虫病防治已基本达到传播阻断标准.%Objective To identify the present infection status in intermediate hosts and reservoir hosts of Paragonimus westermani in Kuandian county of Liaoning province,providing a guidance for paragonimiasis prevention and treatment.Methods Collected Cambaroides dauricus in Kuandian county,counted Paragonimus westermani metacercariaes.Collected dog feces and counted Paragonimus westermani eggs.Results Detected Paragonimus westermani infection neither in Cambaroides dauricus nor in dogs.Conclusions The paragonimiasis transmission in Kuandian county almost has been interrupted.

  8. A new pterosaur (Pterodactyloidea,Tapejaridae) from the Early Cretaceous Jiufotang Formation of western Liaoning, China and its implications for biostratigraphy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    In this article we describe a new and exceptionally well-preserved pterodactyloid pterosaur, Sinopterus dongi gen. et sp. nov. from the Jiufotang Formation in western Liaoning Province of northeast China. The new species is referred to the family Tapejaridae, representing its first record outside Brazil. It also represents the earliest occurrence as well as the most complete skeleton of the family. Some revisions are made about the family according to the morphological observations of the postcranial bones of Sinopterus. Two pterosaur assemblages appear to have existed in the Jehol Group, represented by the lower Yixian Formation and upper Jiufotang Formation, respectively. The lower pterosaur assemblage shows some resemblance to that of the Late Jurassic in Solnhofen (Tithonian) by sharing members of the Pterodactylidae and Anurognathidae. The upper one shows more resemblance to that of the Early Cretaceous Santana Formation (Aptian/Albian) by comprising only pterodactyloids such as the Tapejaridae. The age of the Yixian Formation is younger than that of the Solnhofen lithographic limestone, and the age of the Jiufotang Formation (Aptian) is slightly older than the Santana Formation.

  9. Research of Deep Tillage Operation Mode Application in Liaoning Province%辽宁省深松作业模式应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范玉萍

    2015-01-01

    深松是旱地保护性耕作的主要环节之一,是通过改善土壤耕层质量,从而提高土地产出率的现代农业耕作技术.对辽宁省深松模式进行实践调研与分析,结合各类深松机械的作业特点,提出优化方案与建议,以期为深松作业提供技术指导.%Deep tillage is one of main links for protective tillage in dry land, it is a modern agricultural tillage technique of increasing land yield by improving the quality of soil plough layer. In the article, it studied and analyzed deep tillage mode in practice in Liaoning province, raised optimized plan and suggestions combined operating features of various deep tillage machinery, in order to provide tech-nical guidance for deep tillage operation.

  10. Test on Agricultural Irrigation Water Utilization Coefficient for Liaoning Province%辽宁省农业灌溉水利用系数测试研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张宝东; 王殿武; 李松; 唐雷彬

    2011-01-01

    Using the three methods of spot experiment test in typical region, actual measurement in representative irrigation area and balance analysis of water demand investigation, the agricultural irrigation water utilization coefficient was taken as 0.52~0.59 for Liaoning Province. The coefficient can be supplied for assessing the efficiency of agriculture water, feasibility of developing watersaving agriculture and solving the problems of water resources scarcity.%通过典型区域现场实验测算、代表性灌区实测及用水量调查平衡分析测算3种方法得出辽宁省灌溉水利用系数为0.52~0.59,为科学评价辽宁省农业用水效率,发展节水型农业,解决水资源短缺等问题提供了重要依据.

  11. The Investigation and Development of Kuandian Volcano Cluster Liaoning%辽宁宽甸火山群特征与开发利用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑晓非

    2001-01-01

    Kuandian volcano cluster lies in Kuandian county,Liaoning. It is one o f three volcano clusters in the southeast of the northeast China and it is the f arest south volcano cluster. This article delimits the range and boundary of Kuand ian volcano cluster on the base of outdoor investigation and analyses the geolog ical enviro nment, volcano tectonic, volcano geomorphic and the cross-section c haracter of volcano ash soil. Finally we discuss the significance of investiga tion and exploitation of the Kuandian volcano cluster.%宽甸火山群是 东北东南部3个火山群之一,也是东北地区最南端的火山群,位于辽宁省宽甸县境内.在野 外考察的基 础上,划定了宽甸火山群的范围与界限.以黄椅山为例分析了其地质环境、火山构造、火山 岩相、火山地貌以及火山灰土的剖面特征,讨论了考察研究和开发利用宽甸火山群的意义.

  12. The Study of Liaoning Tourism Based on Recycling Economy%循环经济视阙下的辽宁省旅游业发展研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王素珍

    2013-01-01

    随着我国旅游业的快速发展,旅游活动对旅游目的地的旅游资源和环境造成了不同程度的破坏。循环经济是解决环境与旅游之间的矛盾,实现旅游可持续发展的重要途径。从循环经济的内涵出发,结合辽宁省的实际分析了辽宁旅游业发展循环经济的优势及劣势,提出了基于循环经济的旅游业发展对策。%With the rapid development of China’s tourism,tourism activities in the tourism destination tourist resources and environment cause damages with different degrees. Recycle economy is the important way to solve the contradiction between environment and tourism,for tourism sustainable development. From the connotation of recycling economy,combining the advantage and inferior position analysis of Liaoning tourism development circulation economy,the countermeasures for recycle economy of tourism industry development are put forward.

  13. 辽宁省农机购置补贴发展探讨%Discussion on the Development of Agricultural Machinery Purchasing Subsidy in Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王萍

    2015-01-01

    Agricultural machinery purchasing subsidy is one supporting measure for the development of agricultural machinery. In the article, it expounded the implementation performance of agricultural machinery purchasing subsidy during "twelve 5 years" in Liaoning, analyzed existing problems, raised implementing scheme and safeguard measures in the future, in order to provide a reference for better implementing the policy of agricultural machinery purchasing subsidy and bringing the capital of agricultural machinery purchasing subsidy into full play.%农机购置补贴是农机化发展的一项支持措施.阐述辽宁"十二五"期间农机购置补贴实施成效,分析存在的问题,提出今后的实施方案和保障措施,为更好地落实辽宁省农机购置补贴政策,充分发挥农机购置补贴资金作用提供参考.

  14. Precision Poverty-relief Measures for Liaoning Province%辽宁省建档立卡精准扶贫措施探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈新忠

    2014-01-01

    改革创新扶贫开发工作机制是做好、做实扶贫工作的重要基础。根据国家扶贫工作指导精神,辽宁省对实现精准扶贫的措施进行了一些有益的探索,全面开展贫困人口的建档立卡工作,实行动态管理,确保扶贫对象得到有效扶持。%The reform and innovation of the poverty alleviation work mechanism is an important foundation for effective poverty allevia-tion. According to the guiding spirit from the national poverty alleviation office, Liaoning province made some useful exploration in achieving precise poverty alleviation, including constructing files and cards for the poor, and implementation of dynamic management in a bid to make sure that the object is effectively supported.

  15. Sinking Coastal Cities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erkens, G.; Stuurman, R.; De Lange, G.; Bucx, T.; Lambert, J.

    2014-12-01

    In many coastal cities land subsidence now exceeds absolute sea level rise up to a factor of ten. Without action, parts of Jakarta, Ho Chi Minh City, Bangkok and numerous other coastal cities will continue to sink, even below sea level. The ever increasing industrial and domestic demand for water in these cities results in excessive groundwater extraction, causing severe subsidence. In addition, coastal cities are often faced with larger natural subsidence, as they are built on thick sequences of soft soil. The impacts of subsidence are further exacerbated by climate-induced sea level rise. Land subsidence results in two types damage: foremost it increases flood vulnerability (frequency, inundation depth and duration of floods), with floods causing major economic damage and loss of lives. Secondly, differential land movement causes significant economic losses in the form of structural damage and high maintenance costs of roads and transportation networks, sewage systems, buildings and foundations. The total damage worldwide is estimated at billions of dollars annually. To survey the extent of groundwater associated subsidence, we conducted a quick-assessment of subsidence in a series of mega-cities (Jakarta, Ho Chi Minh City, Dhaka, New Orleans and Bangkok). For each city research questions included: what are the main causes, how much is the current subsidence rate and what are predictions, where are the vulnerable areas, what are the impacts and risks, how can adverse impacts can be mitigated or compensated for, and what governmental bodies are involved and responsible to act? Using the assessment, this paper discusses subsidence modelling and measurement results from the selected cities. The focus is on the importance of delayed settlement after increases in hydraulic heads, the role of the subsurface composition for subsidence rates and best practice solutions for subsiding cities. For the latter, urban (ground)water management, adaptive flood risk management

  16. Universities scale like cities.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anthony F J van Raan

    Full Text Available Recent studies of urban scaling show that important socioeconomic city characteristics such as wealth and innovation capacity exhibit a nonlinear, particularly a power law scaling with population size. These nonlinear effects are common to all cities, with similar power law exponents. These findings mean that the larger the city, the more disproportionally they are places of wealth and innovation. Local properties of cities cause a deviation from the expected behavior as predicted by the power law scaling. In this paper we demonstrate that universities show a similar behavior as cities in the distribution of the 'gross university income' in terms of total number of citations over 'size' in terms of total number of publications. Moreover, the power law exponents for university scaling are comparable to those for urban scaling. We find that deviations from the expected behavior can indeed be explained by specific local properties of universities, particularly the field-specific composition of a university, and its quality in terms of field-normalized citation impact. By studying both the set of the 500 largest universities worldwide and a specific subset of these 500 universities--the top-100 European universities--we are also able to distinguish between properties of universities with as well as without selection of one specific local property, the quality of a university in terms of its average field-normalized citation impact. It also reveals an interesting observation concerning the working of a crucial property in networked systems, preferential attachment.

  17. ANALYSIS OF THE EXPANSION OF THE BUILT-UP AREA OF DALIAN CITY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    With the astounding development and gradual improvement of remote sensing technology, as an advancedscience technology, it is used to provide multi-temporal, large scope real-time information for land-use dynamic change,and also is one of the best efficient methods for studying the earth resources and environment. Remote sensing image hasits characteristics of ample information and reflecting the objective realities. The paper uses multi-temporal TM inages in1986, 1996 and 2000, and relevant statistic data to analyze land-use changes of Dalian City in Liaoning Province of Chi-na over ten years by means of the correlation analysis method. The results have shown that two methods could con-formably reflect the present land-use change. Urbanization is closely correlative to natural factors and economic develop-ment. Especially in recent 20 years, under the influence of the reform and open-up policy, Dalian, as a specific coastcity, is becoming an international metropolis.

  18. Mapping the Gendered City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Almahmood, Mohammed Abdulrahman M; Scharnhorst, Eric; Carstensen, Trine Agervig;

    2017-01-01

    Walking is a mode of perceiving the city which also contributes to health and social benefits. This paper studies the influence of the socio-cultural aspects on the practice of walking and the meaning of walkscapes in Riyadh, one of the most auto-dependent and gender-segregated cities on the Arab...... Peninsula, where socio-cultural values and restrictions regulate men and women’s use and access to public spaces. The methodology used is a combination of movement tracking data using GPS technology and map-based workshops where participants can reflect on their walking behaviour and spatial preferences....... The results of mapping where the respondents walk show a city consisting of gender-specific walkscapes. Indoor environments, such as shopping malls, function as ‘urban shelters’ for women, so they use such spaces for walking. On the other hand, young men mainly walk in urban streets, which provide greater...

  19. Mapping the gendered city

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Almahmood, Mohammed Abdulrahman M; Scharnhorst, Eric; Carstensen, Trine Agervig

    2017-01-01

    opportunities for gender interaction. However, streets are socially conceived as men’s walkscapes, which limits women’s presence, especially at certain times of the day. This paper reveals how walking experience, tempo-rhythm, sense of place and range of walkscapes are not only determined by ‘universal’ spatial......Walking is a mode of perceiving the city which also contributes to health and social benefits. This paper studies the influence of the socio-cultural aspects on the practice of walking and the meaning of walkscapes in Riyadh, one of the most auto-dependent and gender-segregated cities on the Arab....... The results of mapping where the respondents walk show a city consisting of gender-specific walkscapes. Indoor environments, such as shopping malls, function as ‘urban shelters’ for women, so they use such spaces for walking. On the other hand, young men mainly walk in urban streets, which provide greater...

  20. Prototyping a Smart City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Korsgaard, Henrik; Brynskov, Martin

    In this paper, we argue that by approaching the so-called Smart City as a design challenge, and an interaction design perspective, it is possible to both uncover existing challenges in the interplay between people, technology and society, as well as prototype possible futures. We present a case...... in which we exposed data about the online communication between the citizens and the municipality on a highly visible media facade, while at the same time prototyped a tool that enabled citizens to report ‘bugs’ within the city....

  1. Climate change and cities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Satterthwaite, David

    2006-10-15

    What is done, or not done, in cities in relation to climate change over the next 5-10 years will affect hundreds of millions of people, because their lives and livelihoods are at risk from global warming. What is done in cities will also have a major influence on whether the escalating risks for the whole planet will be reduced or eliminated. Climate change needs to be considered in all development plans and investments - local, regional, national and international. Urban growth must be made more climate-resilient and help reduce, rather than increase, greenhouse gas emissions. This will not be done by the market; it can only be done by governments.

  2. Zircon U-Pb Ages of Bottom and Top Parts of the Zhangjiakou Formation in Lingyuan Area (West Liaoning Province) and Luanping Area (North Hebei Province) and Their Significance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Hong; Liu Xiaoming; Zhang Yeqing; Yuan Honglin; Hu Zhaochu; Diwu Chunrong

    2005-01-01

    In Lingyuan region of West Liaoning Province, the Zhangjiakou Formation (J3z) and the Yixian Formation (K1y) display an angular unconformity. That is, the Lower Mesozoic strata of the Zhangjiakou Formation are ENE (near E-W) oriented, while the overlying strata of the Yixian Formation exhibit an NNE orientation. The results of LA-ICP-MS zircon U-Pb ages show the Zhangjiakou Formation formed from about 130 Ma to 132 Ma in Lingyuan and 135 Ma to 136 Ma in Luanping (North Hebei Province), respectively. Three conclusions can be drawn: (1) The Zhangjiakou Formation in Lingyuan is comparable to that in Luanping, with the volcanic rocks of the Zhangjiakou Formation from Lingyuan being younger than those from Luanping. (2) 5-6 Ma difference between the top of the Zhangjiakou Formation and the bottom of the Yixian Formation in Lingyuan proves the angular unconformity between the two formations; and it reflects that the 5-6 Ma interval period is the main period of the transition of tectonic framework in Mesozoic in North Hebei and West Liaoning. In the interval period, the magmatic action went up to high tide in Mesozoic in the northeast of China. Moreover, after the interval period, the "Rehe fauna" developed into "erupted" period. This reflects that the interval period is also an important biological interface in Northern Hebei and Western Liaoning. (3) The Dabeigou Formation in Luanping should correspond to the upper part of the Zhangjiakou Formation, but not to the lower part of the Yixian Formation.

  3. 辽宁省体育旅游资源开发的优势与潜优势研究%Research about the Advantages of Sports Tourism Resources Development in Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邢国友; 张岚

    2012-01-01

    By means of literature, survey and statistics researching methods, this thesis makes an analysis on present sports tourism resources of Liaoning Province, and draws a conclusion that sports tourism development in Liaoning Province falls behind and tourism projects is relatively single though there are many advantages in geography, in demographic structure and in sports facilities and in resources of sports tourism not only naturally but also socially in this province. So it is an effective way for the development of sports tourism in Liaoning to scientifically plan and develop sports tourism resources in accord with local characteristics, and accelerate the training of professionals of sports tourism.%文章运用文献资料法、调查法和数理统计法,对辽宁省体育旅游资源现状进行分析,得出辽宁省拥有区域地理优势、人口结构优势和体育场地设施资源优势以及丰富的体育旅游自然资源、人文资源和民族传统体育项目,但体育旅游开发相对滞后,项目少且单一。因此,结合辽宁省的地方特色,科学规划、开发辽宁省体育旅游资源,加快体育旅游专业人才培养是发展辽宁体育旅游的有效途径。

  4. The retrospect and prospect of Liaoning track and field in nearly four National Games%近四届全运会辽宁田径运动的回顾与展望

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白凤春

    2012-01-01

    运用文献资料、数理统计、逻辑分析等方法,对近四届全运会辽宁省田径运动员所取得的成绩进行分析。结果表明:辽宁省田径竞技水平在全国一直处于上游水平,但在十运会中有所下滑;全运会取得冠军的项目比较单一,优势项目逐渐减少;获得奖牌的项目分布比较单一,缺乏其他新的增长点。建议:继续保持原有的优势项目群,不断挖掘其他项目潜力,加大后备人才的培养力度,积极发展潜优势项目,增加新的夺金点。%By using the methods of documents,statistics,and logical analysis,this article analyses the competitive performances of Liaoning track and field in nearly four National Games.The results show that the competitive level in Liaoning track and field has been in the upper,but it has been going down in the 10th National Games;champion projects are comparatively simple,superior events are gradually decreased;medal projects are also comparatively simple,lack of new growth point in other projects.Then this article provides some references for Liaoning athletics' sustainable development.Hope to keep the original superior events group,continuously exploit potentialities,pay more attention to the training of talents,actively develop potential superior projects,and increase new growth point.

  5. Study on Building of New Governmental Affairs Website for Liaoning Provincial Water Resources Department%辽宁省水利厅新政务网站建设研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江丽娟

    2013-01-01

    从我国政府网站发展现状出发,对辽宁省水利原政务网站情况进行分析、查找问题,在新网站建设过程中,坚持“以用户为中心,服务为导向”的原则,通过提高政务网站建设的重要性认识,进行合理规划,增强“政务公开、网上服务、公众互动”3大功能建设,加强信息安全建设,逐渐将辽宁省水利厅新政务网站建设成安全稳定的“服务型网站”,达到辽宁省水利厅政务公开、服务大众的工作要求。%Starting from the governmental website development present situation in our country, the article analyzes and looks for the problems of Liaoning provincial water resources governmental affairs website. In the progress of new website construction, through deepening the understandings of the importance of governmental affairs websites buildings and going ahead reasonable planning, three functions that are to publish the governmental affairs, to provide the governmental service through websites, and to interact with publics, have been strengthened on the basis of“taking users as the center, providing services as the guidance”. To strengthen the construction of information security, the governmental affairs website of Liaoning provincial water resources department is built into“Services Website”in safety and stabilization. It meets the work requirement of making governmental affairs public and providing the services to the public of Liaoning.

  6. City of Crystal City, Missouri - Clean Water Act Public Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    The EPA is providing notice of proposed Administrative Penalty Assessment against the City of Crystal City, Missouri, a municipality located in Jefferson County, Missouri, 63019, for alleged violations associated with the City’s wastewater treatment progra

  7. Ecological Enviroment, Ecological Characters and Utilization of Liaoning Cashmere Goat%辽宁绒山羊的生态环境、生态特征及开发利用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜怀志; 王淑萍; 马宁

    2001-01-01

    本文分析了辽宁绒山羊的产区生态环境,辽宁绒山羊的生态特征及其在全国各地的利用情况,并指出了在利用辽宁绒山羊过程中存在的问题%The ecological enviroment, ecological character and utlization ofLiaoning Cashmere Goat in China was analyzed in this paper. Further, The problem in the utilizing cashmere goat was indicated.

  8. Problems After Ownership Reformation Of Collective Forest In Liaoning Province%辽宁省集体林权制度改革后亟待解决的问题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜生伟; 田雪; 张厦

    2012-01-01

    According to the investigation research of the ownership reformation of collective forest in Liaoning prov- ince, this paper puts forward the new situation and problems in the forest resource management, analyzes the causa- tions and negative effect.%通过深入的调查研究,提出了辽宁省林权制度改革后森林资源经营管理工作面临的新情况和新问题,分析了产生这些新情况和新问题的原因以及可能产生的负面影响。

  9. Empirical analysis on relationship between GDP and energy consumption in Liaoning Province%辽宁省GDP与能源消耗关系的实证分析∗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    作为世界第二大能源消费国,中国的经济发展离不开能源的消耗。辽宁省是工业大省,其经济增长对能源消耗的依赖程度日益加剧,然而这并不利于经济的可持续发展。对1990—2013年辽宁省GDP和能源消费的统计数据进行相关性分析,发现辽宁省的能源生产出现严重供不应求的局面,其能源消费增长过快同能源供给不足的矛盾日益加剧,GDP同能源消费总量互为正相关的线性关系。指出辽宁省需要通过调整产业结构来降低能源消耗相对水平,提高能源利用效率。%As the world’ s second largest energy consumer, the economic development of China can not be separated from energy consumption. Liaoning Province is one of the industrial provinces, the dependency level of its economic growth on energy consumption is growing, but it is not conducive to sustainable development of economy. The correlation analysis is carried out of statistical data of GDP and energy consumption from 1990 to 2013 in Liaoning Province. It is found that the energy production in Liaoning Province is in short supply, the contradiction between the energy consumption and the shortage of energy supply is increasing. The GDP and the total energy consumption have a relationship of positive linear correlation. It is proposed that the relative level of energy consumption should be reduced, and the energy efficiency should be improved through the adjustment of industrial structure in Liaoning Province.

  10. 辽宁省水痘-带状疱疹病毒基因型分析%Genotype analysis of varicella-zoster virus in Liaoning province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王艳; 马艳; 韩悦; 郭军巧

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解辽宁省水痘-带状疱疹病毒(VZV)基因型别.方法 选取水痘患者临床确诊病例7例,采集血清和咽拭子标本,分别检测VZV IgM抗体、扩增ORF22基因VZV核酸片断,进行核苷酸序列测定分析,测序结果与GenBank的VZV参考株基因序列进行比较.结果 7例临床确诊病例VZV IgM抗体均阳性(编号为VZV001~VZV007);其中3例的咽拭子标本扩增到目的片段(VZV001、VZV-002、VZV-005),测序结果证实为水痘-带状疱疹病毒;ORF22基因的单核苷酸多态性(SNP)分析显示,VZV - 002与VZV - 005基因序列完全一致,且在同一位点的碱基由C代替了A;VZV -001序列2个位点出现碱基代替,提示其基因可能发生点突变;与Dumas株序列比较,3株分离株在6个关键位点上有4个核苷酸不同,与P-Oka株则完全一致,3株VZV分离株的ORF22基因均鉴定为J基因型,与水痘-带状疱疹病毒P-Oka株的同源性为99.56%~99.78%.结论 辽宁省检测到的3株VZV基因型均为J型.%Objective To examine the genetype of varicella-zoster virus in Liaoning province. Methods The serum and throat swabs speciments were collected from 7 patients clinically diagnosed with varicella for the detection vanicella-zoster virus (VZV) IgM and the amplification of DNA of the open reading frame (ORF)22. The DNA was sequenced and analyzed with the data of VZV reference strains downloaded from GenBank. Results All the 7 patients were VZV IgM positive and the amplification,and sequencing of 3 throat swabs( VZV001 ,VZV-002, VZV-005) confirmed the VZV. The results of ORF22 single nucletotide polymorphism (SNP) analyses showed that VZV-002 and VZV-005 had the same sequence and the single base transvertion was A→C. The sequence of VZV-001 had 2 changed bases,suggesting the point mutation of the gene. Compared with Dumas strain,the 3 strains had 4 bases different on 6 key site and completely matched with P-Oka strain. The 3 strains were identified as J genotype

  11. A Committed City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI LI

    2010-01-01

    @@ Shanghai, one of the most populated cities in the world's most populous nation, knew it had the largest ever 'World Exposition to prepare for more than two years prior to its opening, when a record number of countries and international organizations confirmed their participation.

  12. The Emerging City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Samson, Kristine

    ” – urban furniture that was originally part of an election campaign for the cultural minister of Denmark, will illustrate how both political and artistic signatures become deterritorialized through urban space, time and every day social use. The second example is taken from corporate city development...

  13. Cities at Play

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Magnussen, Rikke; Elming, Anna

    2015-01-01

    for redesigning the neighbourhood in Minecraft and LEGO. These were presented to City of Copenhagen architects and urban planners as well as the head of the Department of Transport, Technology and Environment. Overall the study showed that tasks focused on solving local living problems through neighbourhood...

  14. Nature in the City.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferbert, Mary Lou

    1981-01-01

    Describes a science program developed by the Cleveland Museum of Natural History, "Nature in the City," in which students and teachers learn together about the natural community surrounding their school. Includes program's rationale, list of "adventures," and methods. Discusses strategies of Sherlock Holmes'"adventure" focusing on animal tracks…

  15. Mobilities, Futures & the City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Freudendal-Pedersen, Malene; Kesselring, Sven

    2016-01-01

    The future of cities and regions will be strongly shaped by the mobilities of people, goods, modes of transport, waste and information. In many ways, the ‘why and ‘for what’ often get lost in discourses on planning and designing mobilities. The predominant planning paradigm still conceptualizes...

  16. WE LOVE THE CITY

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersson, Lasse

    2012-01-01

    With a point of departure in amongst others the Danish office of ADEPT’s approach, ‘The city in the building and the building in the city’ (ADEPT 2012), it is consequently the aim of this article to show how workshops can help shape and develop a spatial and architectural approach to form finding...

  17. WE LOVE THE CITY

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersson, Lasse

    2012-01-01

    With a point of departure in amongst others the Danish office of ADEPT’s approach, ‘The city in the building and the building in the city’ (ADEPT 2012), it is consequently the aim of this article to show how workshops can help shape and develop a spatial and architectural approach to form finding...

  18. Bug City: Beetles [Videotape].

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998

    "Bug City" is a video series created to help children learn about insects and other small critters. All aspects of bug life are touched upon including body structure, food, habitat, life cycle, mating habits, camouflage, mutualism (symbiosis), adaptations, social behavior, and more. Each program features dramatic microscopic photography,…

  19. Clean Cities Tools

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2014-12-19

    The U.S. Department of Energy's Clean Cities offers a large collection of Web-based tools on the Alternative Fuels Data Center. These calculators, interactive maps, and data searches can assist fleets, fuels providers, and other transportation decision makers in their efforts to reduce petroleum use.

  20. That City is Mine!

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rooijendijk, Cordula

    2005-01-01

    This thesis is about urban ideal images. It is about dreams - not fictitious beliefs, but dreams that humankind can realize tomorrow. It is about images from intellectuals, pastry cooks, urban planners and firemen. About people who deeply care about their cities, about their hopes, frustrations, ang

  1. Bandung City, Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tarigan, A.K.M.; Sagala, S.S.; Samsura, D.A.A.; Fiisabiilillah, D.F.; Simarmata, H.A.; Nababan, M.

    2016-01-01

    Bandung City has grown to become a very important centre in Indonesia, demonstrating a higher economic growth rate than the national average. It has experienced many challenges resulting from rapid urbanisation, including slums, basic infrastructures, and flooding. Despite such issues, a gradual imp

  2. Accepted into Education City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asquith, Christina

    2006-01-01

    Qatar's Education City, perhaps the world's most diverse campus, is almost entirely unknown in the United States, but represents the next step in the globalization of American higher education--international franchising. Aided by technology such as online libraries, distance learning and streaming video, U.S. universities offer--and charge tuition…

  3. Melbourne: A Parasite City?

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Birrell, Bob; Healy, Ernest

    2010-01-01

    Melbourne appears to be booming. Job growth is far more rapid than in Sydney. This article shows that Melbourne's economy is being driven by population growth and that most job growth is in the city-building and people-servicing industries...

  4. Airport as city

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Yin, M.

    2011-01-01

    The airport city is a two-fold phenomenon: the areas surrounding the airport develop due to their proximity and accessibility to the terminal complex, and the terminal complex itself develops in to a pseudo-urban centre. This situation is manifest to varying extents in all major airports of the worl

  5. A Committed City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    shanghai, one of the most populated cities in the world’s most populous nation, knew it had the largest ever World Exposition to prepare for more than two years prior to its opening, when a record number of countries and international organizations confirmed their participation. A total of 246 countries and international organizations take part in World Expo 2010,

  6. City fiiling / Triin Ojari

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ojari, Triin, 1974-

    2006-01-01

    Arhitektide Andres Alveri ja Tiit Trummali tähtsamatest töödest. Pikemalt Tallinna kesklinnas asuvatest majadest City Plaza ja Rävala Neli. Kommentaarid Rein Veidemannilt, Veljo Kaasikult, Hardo Aasmäelt, Toomas Tammiselt, Jaak Aaviksoolt ja Karin Pauluselt

  7. City fiiling / Triin Ojari

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ojari, Triin, 1974-

    2006-01-01

    Arhitektide Andres Alveri ja Tiit Trummali tähtsamatest töödest. Pikemalt Tallinna kesklinnas asuvatest majadest City Plaza ja Rävala Neli. Kommentaarid Rein Veidemannilt, Veljo Kaasikult, Hardo Aasmäelt, Toomas Tammiselt, Jaak Aaviksoolt ja Karin Pauluselt

  8. Cities on the GROW

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nunes, Richard; Meulen, Suzanne; Mol, G.; Bailey, Alison

    2015-01-01

    Cities on the Grow is a cross-disciplinary project that has been funded by Climate-KIC, an initiative of the European Institute of Innovation and Technology. It seeks to support the sustainable growth of urban food enterprises toward the implementation of more commercially viable business practices.

  9. IN BENIN CITY, NIGERIA.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Benin City, document reasons for these discharges and suggest ways of reducing its occurrence. Methods: The ... Thirty seven (63.8%) of parents of children DAMAbelonged to social classes IV and V. The ..... SPCH for assisting in retrieving the case-notes of the patients ... community study of childhood death in Guinea.

  10. Towards Smart City Learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rehm, Matthias; Stan, Catalin; Wøldike, Niels Peter

    2015-01-01

    , the concept of smart city learning is exploited to situate learning about geometric shapes in concrete buildings and thus make them more accessible for younger children. In close collaboration with a local school a game for 3rd graders was developed and tested on a field trip and in class. A mixed measures...

  11. City model enrichment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smart, Philip D.; Quinn, Jonathan A.; Jones, Christopher B.

    The combination of mobile communication technology with location and orientation aware digital cameras has introduced increasing interest in the exploitation of 3D city models for applications such as augmented reality and automated image captioning. The effectiveness of such applications is, at present, severely limited by the often poor quality of semantic annotation of the 3D models. In this paper, we show how freely available sources of georeferenced Web 2.0 information can be used for automated enrichment of 3D city models. Point referenced names of prominent buildings and landmarks mined from Wikipedia articles and from the OpenStreetMaps digital map and Geonames gazetteer have been matched to the 2D ground plan geometry of a 3D city model. In order to address the ambiguities that arise in the associations between these sources and the city model, we present procedures to merge potentially related buildings and implement fuzzy matching between reference points and building polygons. An experimental evaluation demonstrates the effectiveness of the presented methods.

  12. IN BENIN CITY, NIGERIA

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A community based prospective study was carried out amongst 780 mothers who had children aged less than one year in Benin. City, between ... countries particularly infectious diseases maintain a vicious but ... months and or infant formula to an infant'. ... comparison with older ones practised exclusive breastfeeding.

  13. Hackable Cities : From Subversive City Making to Systemic Change

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Lange, M.L.; de Waal, Martijn; Foth, Marcus; Verhoeff, Nanna; Martin, Brynskov

    2015-01-01

    The DC9 workshop takes place on June 27, 2015 in Limerick, Ireland and is titled "Hackable Cities: From Subversive City Making to Systemic Change". The notion of "hacking" originates from the world of media technologies but is increasingly often being used for creative ideals and practices of city m

  14. Hackable Cities : From Subversive City Making to Systemic Change

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Lange, M.L.; de Waal, Martijn; Foth, Marcus; Verhoeff, Nanna; Martin, Brynskov

    2015-01-01

    The DC9 workshop takes place on June 27, 2015 in Limerick, Ireland and is titled "Hackable Cities: From Subversive City Making to Systemic Change". The notion of "hacking" originates from the world of media technologies but is increasingly often being used for creative ideals and practices of city

  15. Sinking coastal cities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erkens, Gilles; Bucx, Tom; Dam, Rien; De Lange, Ger; Lambert, John

    2014-05-01

    In many coastal and delta cities land subsidence now exceeds absolute sea level rise up to a factor of ten. Without action, parts of Jakarta, Ho Chi Minh City, Bangkok and numerous other coastal cities will sink below sea level. Land subsidence increases flood vulnerability (frequency, inundation depth and duration of floods), with floods causing major economic damage and loss of lives. In addition, differential land movement causes significant economic losses in the form of structural damage and high maintenance costs. This effects roads and transportation networks, hydraulic infrastructure - such as river embankments, sluice gates, flood barriers and pumping stations -, sewage systems, buildings and foundations. The total damage worldwide is estimated at billions of dollars annually. Excessive groundwater extraction after rapid urbanization and population growth is the main cause of severe land subsidence. In addition, coastal cities are often faced with larger natural subsidence, as they are built on thick sequences of soft soil. Because of ongoing urbanization and population growth in delta areas, in particular in coastal megacities, there is, and will be, more economic development in subsidence-prone areas. The impacts of subsidence are further exacerbated by extreme weather events (short term) and rising sea levels (long term).Consequently, detrimental impacts will increase in the near future, making it necessary to address subsidence related problems now. Subsidence is an issue that involves many policy fields, complex technical aspects and governance embedment. There is a need for an integrated approach in order to manage subsidence and to develop appropriate strategies and measures that are effective and efficient on both the short and long term. Urban (ground)water management, adaptive flood risk management and related spatial planning strategies are just examples of the options available. A major rethink is needed to deal with the 'hidden' but urgent

  16. 辽西北农林复合模式综合效益评价%Evaluation on Comprehensive Benefits of Agroforestry Models in Northwest of Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王娇

    2014-01-01

    The author used the grey theory to compare the typical factors in the four typical agroforestry models in northwest Liaoning Province .The results showed that the evaluation result was consistent by δ1 ,δ2 ,δ3 .In three agroforestry models , the economic and social values of Dabianxing-Peanut-Corn agroforestry model were the best , Zhangzisong-Peanut agroforest-ry model was better , Dabianxing-Mayingcao agroforestry model was the second .Economic and social values of Dabianxing-Peanut-Corn agroforestry model was the best way of land development and use , soil improvement , water and soil conserva-tion, plantation development .%笔者运用灰色理论对辽西北3种典型农林复合模式内的代表性因子进行了综合效益比较分析,结果表明:用综合等权指标δ1和侧重生态效益变权指标δ2,侧重经济效益变权指标δ3所得到的评判结果一致,即3种农林复合模式中,大扁杏-花生-玉米的改良效果、生态效益和经济效益最好,樟子松-花生相对较好,大扁杏-麻英草次之。大扁杏-花生-玉米农林复合模式是辽西北地区土地开发利用、土壤改良、水土保持及发展种植业的最佳途径。

  17. Primary Study on Geological Characteristics of Nuanquan Geothermal Field in Liaoning Xiuyan%辽宁岫岩暖泉地热田地质特征浅析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘志超; 王伟; 孙成宇

    2014-01-01

    断裂构造是控制辽宁省岫岩县暖泉地热田地热异常的主导构造,地热系统属于“断控对流型”地热系统,属低温地热区,热储呈带状。地热异常区中心位于F1、F2断裂交汇部位。地下热水是在构造裂隙中储存的原生地下热水,为裂隙热储。热储受构造和岩性共同控制,热储岩性为印支期二长花岗岩,上覆盖层为砂及砂砾卵石,地热水可命名为氟、偏硅酸复合型医疗矿水。%The dominant structure that lead to the abnormal geothermal phenomenon of Nuanquan geothermal field in Liaoning Xiuyan is fracture.The geothermal system belongs to “break controlling convection”,“hypothermia”and“ribbon”type.The geothermal anomaly area center located in the intersection of F1 and F2.Underground hot water is stored in the native structural fracture, belongs to fracture geothermal reservoir.Thermal reservoir is controlled by structure and lithology,Thermal reservoir lithology is indo-chinese epoch monzonitic granite that covered with sand and gravel.Geothermal water can be named as complex medical mineral water contained fluorine, metasilicic acid.

  18. [Soil microorganisms, nutrients and enzyme activity of Larix kaempferi plantation under different ages in mountainous region of eastern Liaoning Province, China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niu, Xiao-yun; Sun, Xiao-mei; Chen, Dong-sheng; Zhang, Shou-gong

    2015-09-01

    We studied the community of soil microorganisms, enzyme activity and soil nutrients under 11-, 20-, 34-and 47-year-old Larix kaempferi plantations in mountainous region of eastern Liaoning Province to discuss the soil biological properties of L. kaempferi plantations of different stand ages and their relationships with soil nutrients. The results showed that the indexes reflecting soil micro-organisms, enzyme activity and soil nutrients of L. kaempferi plantations were the highest under the 11- or 47-year-old stand and the lowest in the 20- or 34-year-old stand. Soil productivity appeared in a decline trend with the increasing stand age, and the changes of soil microbial community structure and enzyme activity were responsive to soil degradation. The difference of fungi community was more noticeable than that of bacteria community among the plantations with different stand ages. The results of CCA showed soil nutrient and pH had no effect on seasonal difference of community structure, but had effects on community, structure among different stand ages. The total N, organic carbon, C/N, available nitrogen, exchangeable Mg2+ and pH had greater effects on bacteria community, while available P, total K and pH had greater effect on fungi community among different age forests. The main T-RFs of bacteria and fungi had higher correlation with N and P, and the fungi community had higher correlation with organic carbon and K than bacteria community. The microor-ganism community of the 11- and 47-year-old stands had greater correlation with soil nutrients and enzyme activity than that of 20- and 34-year-old stands. Consequently, soil organisms, in particular soil fungi, could be used to indicate soil degradation.

  19. Further support for a Cretaceous age for the feathered-dinosaur beds of Liaoning,China:New 40Ar/39Ar dating of the Yixian and Tuchengzi Formations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    We report new 40Ar/39Ar dating results obtained from total fusion and incremental-heating analyses of sanidine and biotite from three tuffs found interbedded within the fossil-bearing deposits of Liaoning, northeast China. The first is a new sample of the Bed 6 Sihetun tuff from the Yixian Formation, previously dated by our team as middle Early Cretaceous, and recently considered by Lo et al., partially reset due to metamorphism from a nearby basaltic sill. The second is the Yixian Bed 9 tuff from Hengdaozi considered by Lo et al. to be unaffected by metamorphism and whose age, based on total fusion 40Ar/39Ar dating of biotite, argues for a Jurassic age for the Yixian Formation.The third tuff is a previously undated tuff from the upper part of the underlying Tuchengzi Formation. Single crystal total fusion 40Ar/39Ar analyses of the Sihetun sanidine showed homogeneous radiogenic Ar, Ca/K ratios, excellent reproducibility and gave a mean age of 125.0 ± 0.18 (1SD) ±0.04 (SE) Ma. Single sanidine crystal total fusion 40Ar/39Aranalyses of the Hengdaozi tuff gave a mean age of 125.0 +0.19 (1SD) ± 0.04 (SE) Ma, which is indistinguishable from the Sihetun tuff. The Tuchengzi Formation tuff gave a mean age of 139.4 ± 0.19 (1SD) ± 0.05 (SE) Ma. Detailed laser incremental-heating analyses of biotite from Sihetun, Hengdaozi, and Tuchengzi tuffs show disturbed Ar release patterns and evidence of trapped argon components. We conclude from these analyses that the total fusion dates on biotite by Lo et al. are erroneously old and isotopic dating of both biotite and sanidine from tuffs of the Yixian Formation point to a middle Early Cretaceous age. The upper part of the Tuchengzi Formation can be referred to the Early Cretaceous.``

  20. Constraints on the Archean atmospheric oxygen and sulfur cycle from mass-independent sulfur records from Anshan-Benxi BIFs, Liaoning Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The Archean atmospheric oxygen concentration and sulfur cycle was long debated. The banded iron formation (BIF) is a special type of the sedimentary formation, which has truly recorded the atmospheric and oceanic conditions at that time. In this study, the composition of multiple sulfur isotope (δ34S/δ33S/δ32S) for sulfides bedded in the Archean (~2.7 Ga) BIFs, in Anshan-Benxi area of Liaoning Province has been measured. The value of △33S varies from -0.89‰ to +1.21‰, which shows very obvious mass-independent fractionation (MIF) signatures. These non-zero △33S values indicate that the Archean sulfur cycles are different from what it is today, which have been deeply influenced by gas phase photochemical reactions. Algoma-type BIFs which are closely related to the volcanic activity have negative △33S value, however, Superior-type BIFs which are far away from the volcanic center have positive △33S value. The δ34S varies in a large range from -22.0‰ to +11.8‰, which indicates that the bacteria reduction activity has already existed at that time, and that the oceanic sulfate concentration has at least reached 1 mmol/L in local areas. Combined with the contemporaneous existence of the hematite, magnetite and the occurrence and preservation of the sulfur MIF, it can be inferred that the Archean atmospheric oxygen level must be at 10-2―10-3 of the present atmospheric level (PAL).

  1. Changing stakeholder relationships in nature reserve management: a case study on Snake Island-Laotie Mountain National Nature Reserve, Liaoning, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Dan; Wang, Ziyan; Lassoie, James; Wang, Xiaoping; Sun, Lixin

    2014-12-15

    The number and total area of nature reserves in China has increased rapidly over the past couple of decades; however, the ability to effectively manage these reserves has not kept pace and conflicts between conservation efforts and economic development have emerged. The Snake Island-Laotie Mountain National Nature Reserve (SILMNNR) currently is experiencing the challenges of balancing conservation with local community development. This paper uses components analysis of human ecosystems (HEC) to examine conflicts arising from the management of the nature reserve and uses a stakeholder analysis to identify and better understand stakeholder inter-relationships in the SILMNNR-HEC. The goal of this study is to identify critical factors influencing stakeholder relationships in order to find ways of relieving conflicts between the reserve management and development. The stakeholder analysis revealed that the key stakeholders in the SILMNNR-HEC are natural resources, the Liaoning SILMNNR Authority, local residents, and enterprise developers; however, there was unequal power among stakeholders in the decision making process affecting the nature reserve. The paper evaluated the conditions and processes of SILMNNR-HEC through a framework of stakeholder relationships where critical factors, such as policy, finance, technology, and labor, and their respective strengths and feedbacks among stakeholders, were assessed and showed unequal flows of power among stakeholders. Two approaches are provided for transforming the unbalanced relationships into a stable and sustainable framework to sustainably manage the nature reserve: the first is by changing stakeholder relationships from opposition to cooperation; and the second by enhancing feedbacks and dynamics among stakeholders. The analysis used in this paper can be used as a model to assess conflicts around other protected areas in China and elsewhere.

  2. The Relationship between Post-Traumatic Symptoms, Parenting Style, and Resilience among Adolescents in Liaoning, China: A Cross-Sectional Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhai, Yanxue; Liu, Kun; Zhang, Lin; Gao, Han; Chen, Zhuo; Du, Siyi; Zhang, Lili; Guo, Yu

    2015-01-01

    Background In China, a growing number of adolescents have experienced traumatic events that have resulted in PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder). Post-traumatic symptoms are common psychological problems in adolescents who have experienced traumatic events. However, existing studies tend to focus on the factors influencing PTSD, such as the response styles and social support, and studies on the relationships between parenting style, resilience and post-traumatic symptoms are still rare. Objectives To analyze the relationships between parenting style, resilience and post-traumatic symptoms among adolescents in China. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted from June to December 2013 in the Liaoning Province, China. N = 5765 adolescents (aged 12 to 18 years old) were ultimately chosen to participate. The Chinese version of the Essen Trauma Inventory for Kids and Juveniles (ETI-KJ), a modified version of the Parental Authority Questionnaire, and the Chinese Resilience Scale were used to estimate the post-traumatic symptoms, parenting style, and resilience, respectively. Pearson’s correlations, multiple linear regression analyses and structural equation modeling (SEM) were applied to analyze the data. Results Of the adolescents, 39.76% (N = 2292) had been exposed to traumatic events during their lives. The prevalence of probable PTSD at the time of the interview (one-month-prevalence) was 12.65%. Parenting style and resilience were significantly associated with post-traumatic symptoms. According to the SEM, parenting style had a significant direct effect on resilience (0.70, Pparenting style had a significant indirect effect (-0.43×0.70 = -0.30. PParenting style and resilience have significant effects on adolescents’ post-traumatic symptoms. Schools and social-related departments could share knowledge on the impact of parenting style with parents enabling them to improve their own parenting style and their children’s resilience and ability to respond

  3. The Relationship between Post-Traumatic Symptoms, Parenting Style, and Resilience among Adolescents in Liaoning, China: A Cross-Sectional Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhai, Yanxue; Liu, Kun; Zhang, Lin; Gao, Han; Chen, Zhuo; Du, Siyi; Zhang, Lili; Guo, Yu

    2015-01-01

    In China, a growing number of adolescents have experienced traumatic events that have resulted in PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder). Post-traumatic symptoms are common psychological problems in adolescents who have experienced traumatic events. However, existing studies tend to focus on the factors influencing PTSD, such as the response styles and social support, and studies on the relationships between parenting style, resilience and post-traumatic symptoms are still rare. To analyze the relationships between parenting style, resilience and post-traumatic symptoms among adolescents in China. A cross-sectional survey was conducted from June to December 2013 in the Liaoning Province, China. N = 5765 adolescents (aged 12 to 18 years old) were ultimately chosen to participate. The Chinese version of the Essen Trauma Inventory for Kids and Juveniles (ETI-KJ), a modified version of the Parental Authority Questionnaire, and the Chinese Resilience Scale were used to estimate the post-traumatic symptoms, parenting style, and resilience, respectively. Pearson's correlations, multiple linear regression analyses and structural equation modeling (SEM) were applied to analyze the data. Of the adolescents, 39.76% (N = 2292) had been exposed to traumatic events during their lives. The prevalence of probable PTSD at the time of the interview (one-month-prevalence) was 12.65%. Parenting style and resilience were significantly associated with post-traumatic symptoms. According to the SEM, parenting style had a significant direct effect on resilience (0.70, Pparenting style had a significant indirect effect (-0.43×0.70 = -0.30. PParenting style and resilience have significant effects on adolescents' post-traumatic symptoms. Schools and social-related departments could share knowledge on the impact of parenting style with parents enabling them to improve their own parenting style and their children's resilience and ability to respond effectively to traumatic events.

  4. Rare Earths, Trace Element Characteristics of High-Mg Volcanic Rocks of Yixian Formation in Sihetun West Liaoning Province and Its Apocalypse

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Hong; Zhang Qi

    2005-01-01

    The high-Mg volcanic rocks of the Yixian Formation in the Sihetun area have the obvious characteristics of mantle-derived lava in rare earth, trace element characteristics with high Mg# (62~70) and high content of compatible elements. In the meantime, the volcanic rocks also have the obvious characteristics of Crust-source material in rare earth, trace element characteristics with high ∑REE (158.78×10-6~359.66×10-6), high (La/Yb)N (14.61~29.60), high La/Nb(2.37~7.52) and high Ba/Nb(67.58~205.96), obvious positive anomaly of Pb and negative anomaly of Nb, Ta in trace element spider-gram. In Sr-Nd-Pb isotope the (87Sr/86Sr)i ratio is higher than 0.706 and the εNd(t) ratio is from -3.4 to -13, both reflect enriched Mantle characteristics. The characteristics above of the volcanic rocks combined with the content of Sr, Ba, Y, Yb and the ratio of Sr/Y show that the volcanic rocks have the property of the Sanukite rocks in Setouchi Japan beside subduction zone, and illuminate that the Sanukite rocks can be formed not only in island-arc near subduction zone but also in intro-plate. The analysis indicates that the high-Mg volcanic rocks in the Sihetun area result from the collective function of mantle-derived lava and crust-source materials. The result illuminates that the West Liaoning region is very special in tectonic geochemical background in Cretaceous in East China, and is an ideal region for us to further study the characteristics of magmatic activity as well as the process of Crust-Mantle interaction in Eastern China.

  5. Less Smart More City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rocco Papa

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Smart is an expression used in recent years in science, and it refers to someone or something that shows a lively intelligence, with a quick learning curve and a fast response to external stimuli. The present scenario is dominated by the accelerated technological development that involves every aspect of life, enhancing the everyday tools through the use of information and digital processing: everything is smart, even cities. But when you pair the term smart to a complex organism such as the city the significance of the two together is open to a variety of interpretations, as shown by the vast and varied landscape of definitions that have occurred in recent years. Our contribution presents the results of research aimed at analyzing and interpreting this fragmented scene mainly, but not exclusively, through lexical analysis, applied to a textual corpus of 156 definitions of smart city. In particular, the study identified the main groups of stakeholders that have taken part in the debate, and investigated the differences and convergences that can be detected: Academic, Institutional, and Business worlds. It is undeniable that the term smart has been a veritable media vehicle that, on the one hand brought to the center of the discussion the issue of the city, of increasing strategic importance for the major challenges that humanity is going to face,  and on the other has been a fertile ground on which to pour the interests of different groups and individuals. In a nutshell we can say that from the analysis the different approaches that each group has used and supported emerge clearly and another, alarming, consideration occurs: of the smart part of “Smart City” we clearly grasp the tools useful to the each group of stakeholders, and of the city part, as a collective aspiration, there is often little or nothing.

  6. DAR ES SALAAM CITY, TANZANIA

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Engineering geological mapping of Dar es Salaam city in Tanzania has been carried out using .... faces and road cuts. The studied material ... for regional and city master planning, and these are geomorphological, geological, geo-hazard ...

  7. The Emergence of City Logistics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: Many city logistics projects in Europe have failed. The purpose of this article is to increase understanding of how city logistics emerge. A better understanding of the complex organizational processes with many actors and stakeholders in city logistics projects may prevent further...... failures. Design/methodology/approach: Theory on organizational change is applied to capture the processes leading to emergence of city logistics. The methodology is process analysis on a single longitudinal case. Findings: The emergence of the Copenhagen city logistics project can be understood....... The study aims at understanding the social processes towards reduced congestion and greenhouse gas emissions from goods transport in inner cities. Originality/value: By better understanding the organization processes leading to implementation of city logistics, other projects in other cities may learn from...

  8. JINAN: the City of Springs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ Attractions Jinan is not a hot tourist destination in China, but it has Something special to offer, such as the 72 springs scattered throughout the city. Jinan has an alias of the Spring City (Quan Cheng)because of ouver 700 natural springs run through the city. Among them,the Baotu Spring is the most famous.

  9. Social Studies: Cities in Crisis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faulkner, Brenda F.

    This elective quinmester program for grades 10 through 12 focuses upon the study of urban problems. Students analyze city problems taking into consideration ecology, city planning, model cities, and other factors in an attempt to provide creative solutions. The course is arranged into seven sections. Student activities are to: 1) discuss the…

  10. Deconstructing Rotterdam's modern city centre

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van der Hoeven, F.D.

    2013-01-01

    In the 20th century, the Dutch city of Rotterdam was radically transformed from a historic town into a modern city, becoming the selfacclaimed 'city of architecture', home to international architectural design offices, publishers and institutions. Although it is already 60 years after the destructio

  11. Deconstructing Rotterdam's modern city centre

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van der Hoeven, F.D.

    2013-01-01

    In the 20th century, the Dutch city of Rotterdam was radically transformed from a historic town into a modern city, becoming the selfacclaimed 'city of architecture', home to international architectural design offices, publishers and institutions. Although it is already 60 years after the destructio

  12. The city of the merchant

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barnow, Niels Finn

    2003-01-01

    The City of the Merchant deals with cities, towns and villages in the European medieval period - i.e. in post-antique and pre-industrial Europe. In actual fact, the book mainly deals with Denmark and Northern Italy (the City States), with digressions to other "feudal" localities in France on Sicily...

  13. Preserving city color plan, surveying Iranian submontane cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Preserving city color plan, surveying Iranian submontane cities

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available No Considering color pallet of the buildings of every city, arouse a debate related to identity and aesthetics of urban environment. This debate is succeeded by researches about the color of cities, from limited hues of traditional city to numerous colors of modern city. The French Lenclos was the first one who after dedicating many years to the color subject, innovated a method of surveying color of cities; which is used by anyone who is researching in this field. This article after mentioning Lenclos’ method of surveying color plan of cities, represents author’s case study in color pallet of Fuman. Author’s method in this case study is a combination of digital photography and photo shop software along with Lenclos’ method. Results (shown in a bar chart confirm that although traditional color pallet of the city is still dominant, but it has some differences with citizens’ opinion achieved by interviews and questionnaires.

  14. 辽宁省第6—11届全运会田径竞技实力分析%Analysis the Competition Power of Track and Field of the Sixth-Eleventh Chinese National Games in Liaoning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孑j、国保

    2012-01-01

    运用文献资料法和数理统计法,对辽宁省第6—11届全运会田径竞技实力进行了分析和研究。结果显示:在第6-11届全运会田径竞技中,耐力性项群是辽宁田径竞技的优势项群;目前,辽宁田径只有铅球、链球、全能有明显优势,中长跑已不再具备绝对优势;从而提示辽宁田径必须采取措施阻止下降趋势并保持原有优势。%With the methods of documentation and mathematical statistical, this paper made a research on the competition characteristics of Liaoning in Nation Games. The results showed: the endurance event - group is the superior event-group; and now only shot-put, chain-ball and all-around race have advantage obviously; the middle and long distance run have not the ab- solute superior events now. This showed that Liaoning must adopt some methods to obstruct descend trend and keep i~z original advantage.

  15. Investigation on allocation of nursing manpower resource in dental medical institutions in Liaoning Province%辽宁省口腔护理人力资源配置研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘璐; 常淼; 曲智; 程睿波; 徐艳梅; 路振富; 张颖

    2014-01-01

    目的:对2011年辽宁省口腔医疗机构进行普查,分析了解辽宁省口腔护理人力资源配置状况。方法由各级卫生行政管理部门对所有注册口腔医疗机构逐级下发问卷表格,对辽宁省口腔护理人力资源进行普查。调查内容包括辽宁省口腔护理人力资源的数量、结构、分布。利用 EpiData 3.0软件建立数据库。采用 SPSS13.0软件包对资料进行统计分析,采用频数分布和χ2检验进行口腔护理人力资源状况资料的分析。结果辽宁省口腔护理人力资源共2038人。其中城市1967人,农村71人;就职于公立机构773人,非公立机构1265人。全省口腔护理人力资源结构以26~45岁中青年(59.32%)、“护士”职称(42.74%)、中专及以下学历(50.25%)、口腔综合专业(81.80%)为主。全省医护比为2.76∶1;护椅比为1∶2.81。结论辽宁省口腔护理人力资源数量相对不足,分布不均衡,结构不合理。应从学历、职称、专业等方面优化口腔护理人力资源结构,进而加强我省口腔护理人力资源的合理配置和有效利用。%Objective To investigate the dental medical institutions in Liaoning Province in 201 1 ,and to analyze the allocation of nursing manpower resource in dental medical institutions in Liaoning Province.Methods A mass survey on nursing manpower re-source was conducted in dental medical institutions in Liaoning Province in 201 1 by means of questionnaire investigation,which includ-ed the number,structure,distribution of nursing manpower resource in dental medical institutions in Liaoning Province.Database was created with EpiData 3.0 and analyzed with SPSS 1 3.0.Frequency distribution and univariate analysis(chi square test)were conducted for the allocation of nursing manpower resource.Results The population for dental care in dental medical institutions in Liaoning Province was 2038,with 1 967 in urban areas

  16. 辽宁省高校创新团队运行机制浅析%Elementary analysis on the operation mechanism of college innovation teams in Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙勇; 曹福毅; 王宝石; 李智; 王启民

    2012-01-01

    By evaluating the building of college innovation team in Liaoning province, this paper issues the rationality and validity of its operation mechanism from three aspects. Combing with the new requirement of science and technology, economy and the development of society in Liaoning province, this paper gives some suggests as follows: 1 ) improving the system of evaluation indicator ;2)improving the mechanism of management ;3 )building interdisciplinary, crossedregional and crosscorporative college innovation team.%通过对辽宁省高校创新团队4年建设情况的总体评价,从三个方面阐述了具有辽宁特色的高校创新团队运行机制选择的合理性和有效性。同时结合当前辽宁省科技、经济和社会发展新的需要,针对高校创新团队运行机制,从进一步完善辽宁省高校44新团队评价指标体系,进一步完善辽宁省高校创新团队管理机制,跨学科、跨地区、跨单位组建高校创新团队等方面提出建议。

  17. 辽宁省当前毛皮动物疫病流行状况及对策%Discussion on the status and countermeasures of current fur animal epidemic disease in Liaoning province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范治斌; 董海燕; 尚学东; 刘双鸣; 崔健

    2014-01-01

    Liaoning province is the main producing areas of fur animal in China. Whether the epi-demic disease of fur animal can be effectively controlled becomes the key factor to the healthy de-velopment of the economic animal breeding industry. This article made a discussion on the species, distribution, epidemic situation and countermeasures of fur animal epidemic disease in Liaoning province, it has guiding significance for controlling the occurrence and spreading of fur animal epidemic.%辽宁省是我国毛皮动物的主要产区,毛皮动物疫病流行能否有效控制是关系到经济动物饲养行业能否健康发展的关键因素。本文对辽宁省毛皮动物的种类、分布、疫病流行情况及相应的对策进行了简要的分析,对控制毛皮动物疫病的发生和流行有重要的指导意义。

  18. Analysis of the Demand of Third Party Logistics and GDP in Liaoning Province%辽宁省第三方物流需求与GDP关系分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李化

    2014-01-01

    Third party logistics industry has become an important factor in China’s economic development,as the main indexes of social and economic development of the gross domestic product (GDP) has a close relationship with each other to promote the development of logistics industry,this paper analysis the relationship between the third party logistics demand and GDP of Liaoning Province,carries on the forecast to the future years,the third party logistics in Liaoning province demand,provide the basic data for the study of countermeasures.%第三方物流产业已经成为影响中国经济发展的重要因素,作为社会经济发展主要指标的国内生产总值(GDP)与物流业的发展有着相互促进的密切关系,分析辽宁省第三方物流需求与GDP的关系,对未来年辽宁省第三方物流需求进行预测,为对策建议研究提供基础数据。

  19. Development Strategy of Island Tourism in Liaoning Based on the Perspective of Climate Comfort%基于气候舒适性视角的辽宁海岛旅游开发策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龙江智; 李恒云

    2012-01-01

    In recent years, the island tourism has become an important area of domestic and international tourism research, and island tourism in Liaoning gets unprecedented attention as the development of Liaoning coastal economic belt has rose to become a national strategy. Previous researches show that climate comfort is one of the most important factors that affect tourism activities and tourism demand, however, tourism planning and development of Islands in Liaoning has failed to give adequate priority to this. In view of that, this article, based on the climate data of main islands in China from 1971 to 2000, has analyzed and compared the climate comfort degree of Liaoning Changshan islands and other main islands in China with temperature humidity index (THI), wind effect index (K), index of clothing (ICL) as well as the comprehensive comfort index. The results show that: 1) The period during May to October generally has the most comfortable climate for tourism in Liaoning Changshan Islands, followed by April, which indicates that there are a total of 7 months' comfortable period; 2) Compared with other main islands in China, Liaoning islands have relatively short climate comfortable period but the summer' s climate has obvious advantage; 3) According to the distribution of the main islands' comprehensive comfort index scores in a year, the nation's major islands were divided into three categories by cluster analysis method, namely, summer-type, which includes Liaoning Changshan Islands, Changdao Islands in Shandong and Zhejiang Zhoushan Islands; Spring-Autumn-type, including Fujian Haitan Islands, Guangdong Jiangmen Shangchuan islands, Jiangmen Xiachuan islands and Guangxi Weizhou islands; Winter-type, including Hainan Island alone. On this basis, the study has proposed the following policy recommendations on future positioning and development of islands in Liaoning: 1 ) Take advantage of summer climate to build island summer resorts; 2

  20. 2014-2015赛季CBA总决赛北京队和辽宁队技术分析%CBA 2014-2015 Season Finals Beijing and Liaoning Technical Indicators Statistical Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孔祥龙

    2015-01-01

    通过2014-2015赛季CBA总决赛北京队和辽宁队两队全部六场比赛的数据技术统计对比与研究,结果表明:北京队在得失分、命中率、助攻等技术数据统计中占优势,辽宁队在篮板球、场均出手次数等方面有优势;北京队在外援引进上更合理,外援和球队的融合性更好;北京队本土球员总决赛中表现更为突出,国内球员的发挥直接影响着比赛的结果。%By comparison of data and research of CBA2014-2014 NBA Finals Beijing and Liaoning team two teams all six games of technical statistical, it shows that: the Beijing team dominated the pros and cons of points, shooting, assists and other technical data statistics, the Liaoning team rebounds, averaging shots and so have the advantage; Beijing team in the introduction of foreign aid is more reasonable, foreign aid and the team is of better integration; Beijing team of local players in the finals was more prominent and domestic players play a key role in direct impact outcome of the game.

  1. Construction of Liaoning scientific and technological innovation system based on innovation- driven development strategy%基于创新驱动发展战略的辽宁科技创新体系建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冉清文

    2016-01-01

    The paper analyzed the status quo of Liaoning scientific and technological innovation system and pointed out the problems and their underlying reasons. Scientific and technological innovation system based on innovation-driven development strategy was established in the following ways:strengthening the effective role of Liaoning Scientific&Technological Innovation Leading Group;reinforcing the construction of scientific and tech-nological laws and rules;perfecting the scientific and technological market;strengthening the construction of in-termediary organizations and promote in-depth cooperation of enterprises, universities and research institutes.%分析辽宁省科技创新的现状,指出存在的不足及原因,建立了适应创新驱动发展战略要求的科技创新体系路径,强化辽宁科技创新领导小组的作用,加强科技法律法规建设,完善科技市场,加强科技中介组织建设,形成产学研深度合作的新机制。

  2. The Experience City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marling, Gitte; Jensen, Ole B.; Kiib, Hans

    2009-01-01

    of a research project  mapping the different approaches to urban transformation and experience design, to the level of strategic thinking and planning, and to the content of the programs implemented. Special emphasis is put on on projects combining experience, leisure and learning, and on projects which have...... concepts and framings that will guide the understanding and the analysis of the experience city. In section three we focus on the design of the Danish experience city and present the first findings of the research project The projects are categorised according to their content, structure and urban...... localisation. In particular the cases are represented in relation to their strategic and urban planning importance, their social and cultural content and their architectural representation and the programmes they contain. The article ends with a short discussion of some  of these preliminary findings as well...

  3. City under the Ice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Kristian Hvidtfelt

    military conflicts are taking place. Studying the wealth of public representations of Camp Century, established 1959-60 by the US Army 128 miles east of the Thule Air Base and often referred to as the “City under the Ice”, we find a sharp contrast between the domesticated interior and the superpower...... conflict that gave impetus to the camp’s construction. Presented to the public as a scientific station and a technologically-advanced, under-ice extension of the American way of life, while situated in the titanic struggle between West and East, Camp Century took on a number of closed-world meanings....... However, the military logic of Camp Century was self-referential and closed in the sense that the very idea of constructing the city under ice emerged from Cold War strategy. The closed world of Camp Century established a temporary boundary between, on the one hand, the comfortable space controlled by US...

  4. Building the Bicycle City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2014-01-01

    Tokyo - Upcoming City of Cyclists Japan is often hit by natural disasters such as earthquakes, typhoons, tsunamis and heavy rain- and snowfall. Earthquakes often causes break downs in electricity and communication lines and makes public transportation come to a halt. Stations are shut down...... and passengers stranded. This was the case in many Japanese cities after the fatal earthquake hit the country on March 11th2011. But more and more people are choosing to cycle to work. Should an earthquake hit Japan again (it will) and thousands being unable to go home by car or public transportations, cyclists...... will most likely be able to ride home. After the March 11th earthquake The Japan Cycling Association (JCA) has said that the number of cyclist in Tokyo might be five times as high today as it was before March 2011. But the worry is the safety of the new cyclists. Government statistics in 2010, showed...

  5. Tackling Cities' Problems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ The world will continue to rely on scientists and technicians to tackle looming challenges in climate,medicine and transportation.A forum addressing science and technological innovations and the future of urbanization was held in Wuxi City in east China's Jiangsu Province on June 21-22,where scientists and government officials the world over discussed these three main issues.Edited excerpts follow:

  6. City of open works

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Riesto, Svava; Søberg, Martin; Braae, Ellen Marie

    2012-01-01

    Cities change – and so do the tasks and agendas of landscapes architects. New types of urban schemes are increasingly arising. On the one hand, new sorts of commissions have emerged in recent years – on the other hand, traditional commissions have been interpreted in radically new ways. These con......-geneous design method. But what actually characterizes this new design method? We have pointed out five specific strategies...

  7. WE LOVE THE CITY

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersson, Lasse

    2011-01-01

    ABSTRAKTISTAN 2011 og udstillingen WE LOVE THE CITY på Utzon Centeret i Aalborg vil vi derfor gerne vise alle, der færdes i byen og bruger dens arkitektur, at der i Urban design fagligheden er et potentiale. Både for de der bruger byen og for dem der udøver arkitekturen med en stærk urban intention i det skala...

  8. Coworking in the city

    OpenAIRE

    Merkel, J.

    2015-01-01

    In the aftermath of the financial and economic crisis of 2007 and 2008, a new type of collaboratively oriented workplace has emerged in cities. These coworking spaces and the associated practice of coworking exemplify new ways of organising labour in project-based and largely freelance occupations as found in the cultural and creative industries. But coworking spaces are not just flexible shared office spaces for creative professionals ‘working alone together’ (Spinuzzi, 2012). Coworking prom...

  9. Living in Living Cities

    CERN Document Server

    Gershenson, Carlos

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents and overview of current and potential applications of living technology to urban problems. Living technology can be described as technology that exhibits the core features of living systems. These features can be useful to solve dynamic problems. In particular, urban problems concerning mobility, logistics, telecommunications, governance, safety, sustainability, and society and culture are presented, while solutions involving living technology are reviewed. Finally, the usefulness of describing cities as living systems is discussed.

  10. Practicing the Generic (City)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Lone Koefoed

    2010-01-01

    Flanagan proposes that most locative media artworks neglect the particularities of spaces, their historical and political layers. Koolhaas, on the other hand, states that all urban areas are alike, that we are facing a global Generic City. The paper analyses digital media artist Esther Polak......’s NomadicMILK project in light of the generic and particular properties of space as laid out by Flanagan and Koolhaas in order to discuss the possible reconfiguring practices of locative media....

  11. Towards what kind of city?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Coletta

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The virtual city exists in “time” whereas the real city exists in “space”. The first one is an expression of our imagination, the second one of our ability to create. Time has articulated the images of cities as artisan philosophers, historians, artists, dreamers and even poets have given it to us. Space has generated cities which have been worked upon by geographers, geologists, surveyors, and finally urban planners. Space and time however live together in both cities, even if with alternating states of subordination. The culture of thinking, of decision making and of working is the unifying center of both the cities; it is the generating element both of the crises and the prosperity of the cities and it works towards an overcoming of the first and for the pursuit of the second (prosperity using the experience of the past for the making of a better future.

  12. 辽宁省部分地区2008年虫媒病毒分离鉴定%Arboviruses isolated from mosquitoes in Liaoning province in 2008

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹玉玺; 付士红; 张稷博; 孟维珊; 王焕琴; 何英; 王环宇; 郭军巧; 梁国栋

    2012-01-01

    目的 在辽宁省采集蚊虫标本进行病毒分离,了解虫媒病毒分布情况.方法 2008年夏季在辽宁省丹东和锦州市采集蚊虫标本,利用C6/36和BHK-21等细胞分离病毒;对新分离病毒利用血清学、分子生物学和生物信息学方法进行鉴定.结果 在辽宁省丹东和锦州市共采集蚊虫标本3属5种9296只,包括库蚊属的三带喙库蚊、淡色库蚊,伊蚊属的刺扰伊蚊、背点伊蚊和按蚊属的中华按蚊.从蚊虫标本中共得到4株病毒分离物,其中1株为乙型脑炎(乙脑)病毒(丹东市的三带喙库蚊),2株为版纳病毒(锦州市的中华按蚊),1株为辽宁病毒和版纳病毒混合(锦州市的中华按蚊).新分离乙脑病毒属于基因Ⅰ型乙脑病毒,E基因编码病毒毒力和抗原表位的位点未发生改变.结论 在辽宁省再次分离到乙脑病毒,并首次证明辽宁省存在辽宁病毒.%Objective To learn the distribution of arboviruses in mosquitoes in Liaoning province. Methods The samples were collected in Dandong and Jinzhou of Liaoning province in 2008. The isolation of viruses was conducted by way of C6/36 and BHK-21 cell culture, with identification of viruses done by serological, molecular and bioinformatics methods. Results A total of 9296 mosquitoes consisting of 5 species from the Culex, Aedes and Anopheles genera were trapped. Four virus isolates were obtained from pooled mosquitoes and were identified as Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) (from Cx. Tritaeniorhynchus), Banna virus (2 isolate from An. Sinensis) and the mixture of Liaoning virus and Banna virus (from An. Sinensis). Genotype of JEV isolate belonged to genotype I and no mutation of amino acid sequence coding conformational epitope occurred in Envelop protein. Conclusion Genotype I JEV was isolated again in Liaoning province and Liaoning virus was documented in this area for the first time.

  13. 辽宁省击剑俱乐部发展情况的调查与分析%The investigation and analysis of the fencing club development in Liaoning province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王威

    2014-01-01

    A fencing club is one of the most effective ways to cultivate fencing talent reserves and which is prevalent in the world .With the development and popularization of fencing in China ,the fencing club has also risen and developed in Liaoning ,and added new blood to the cultivation of fenc-ing talent reserves in Liaoning province .Through on-the-spot interviews and questionnaires ,this arti-cle surveyed the current 8 fencing clubs in Liaoning province by recording the distribution ,area ,types and lanes of fencing ,ancillary facilities and the basics of members and coaches in the fencing clubs in-Liaoning province ,in order to analyze the members’ sports time ,training features and the competition and exchange among the members .The results showed that the fencing clubs in Liaoning are all busi-ness operations and are mainly concentrated in Shenyang ,Dalian and Anshan .The scale of the clubs is generally small and facilities need to be improved .Members are mainly school-age children and there is a lack of adult members .Of all the members ,male outnumbers female and they mostly practice in their spare time .The advertisement and promotion of the clubs are not enough and they are lacking in experience in marketing .There is less competition and exchange among clubs within the province .%俱乐部是世界通行的培养击剑后备人才的最有效的一个途径。随着击剑运动在中国的开展和普及,击剑俱乐部也在辽宁兴起与开展起来,并为辽宁击剑后备人才的培养增加了新生力量。通过实地访谈、调查问卷等方式调查辽宁省目前的8所击剑俱乐部,记录辽宁省击剑俱乐部的分布、场馆面积、剑道、剑种、附属设施以及会员和教练的基本情况,分析会员在击剑俱乐部的运动时间、训练特征以及比赛和交流情况。结果表明,辽宁的击剑俱乐部均属商业性质且主要集中分布于沈阳、大连和鞍山,俱乐部的规模普遍不大,

  14. Spatial heterogeneity of DTPA-extractable zinc in cultivated soils induced by city pollution and land use

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIANG; Yong; LIANG; Wenju; WEN; Dazhong; ZHANG; Yuge; CHEN

    2005-01-01

    The spatial heterogeneity of DTPA-extractable zinc in the cultivated soils of Shenyang suburbs in Liaoning Province of China was investigated, and its map was drawn by the methods of geostatistics combined with geographic information system. The data of soil DTPA-extractable zinc fitted normal distribution after logarithm transformation, and its semivariogram fitted a spherical model. The semivariogram indicated that the spatial dependence of soil DTPA-extractable zinc content was moderate, with the spatial dependence range of 1.69 km and the fractal dimension of 1.96. Stochastic factors contributed to 49.9% of the spatial variability, while structural factors contributed to 50.1% of it. The spatial heterogeneity of soil DTPA-extractable zinc shown by a kriged interpolation map was deeply influenced by stochastic factors such as city pollution, land use pattern and crop distributions. For example, the average content of Zn in vegetable garden soils was 2.5-4 times as much as in their originated soils, and was lower in paddy soils than in their originated soils. The areas with a higher content of soil DTPA-extractable zinc appeared in the near suburbs and the riverside along Hunhe River and the wastewater drainage of Xihe River, and the extremely high values in the near suburb of the city's residential area were a striking feature, indicating the key role of city pollution in the spatial heterogeneity of soil DTPA-extractable zinc. When recorded in the form of a soil pollution map,the results of such a survey make it possible to identify the unusually polluted areas, and to provide more information for precise agriculture and environmental control.

  15. Playable cities the city as a digital playground

    CERN Document Server

    2017-01-01

    This book addresses the topic of playable cities, which use the ‘smartness’ of digital cities to offer their citizens playful events and activities. The contributions presented here examine various aspects of playable cities, including developments in pervasive and urban games, the use of urban data to design games and playful applications, architecture design and playability, and mischief and humor in playable cities. The smartness of digital cities can be found in the sensors and actuators that are embedded in their environment. This smartness allows them to monitor, anticipate and support our activities and increases the efficiency of the cities and our activities. These urban smart technologies can offer citizens playful interactions with streets, buildings, street furniture, traffic, public art and entertainment, large public displays and public events.

  16. Large cities are less green

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliveira, Erneson A.; Andrade, José S.; Makse, Hernán A.

    2014-02-01

    We study how urban quality evolves as a result of carbon dioxide emissions as urban agglomerations grow. We employ a bottom-up approach combining two unprecedented microscopic data on population and carbon dioxide emissions in the continental US. We first aggregate settlements that are close to each other into cities using the City Clustering Algorithm (CCA) defining cities beyond the administrative boundaries. Then, we use data on CO2 emissions at a fine geographic scale to determine the total emissions of each city. We find a superlinear scaling behavior, expressed by a power-law, between CO2 emissions and city population with average allometric exponent β = 1.46 across all cities in the US. This result suggests that the high productivity of large cities is done at the expense of a proportionally larger amount of emissions compared to small cities. Furthermore, our results are substantially different from those obtained by the standard administrative definition of cities, i.e. Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA). Specifically, MSAs display isometric scaling emissions and we argue that this discrepancy is due to the overestimation of MSA areas. The results suggest that allometric studies based on administrative boundaries to define cities may suffer from endogeneity bias.

  17. Securing water for the cities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Satterthwaite, D

    1993-01-01

    Many cities in developing countries have grown so much that they can no longer provide adequate, sustainable water. Over pumping in Dakar and Mexico City has forced those cities to obtain water from ever more distant sources. In Dakar, the result has been saltwater intrusion. Overpumping has caused Mexico City to sink, in some areas by as much as 9 m, resulting in serious damage to buildings and sewage and drainage pipes. Other cities facing similar water problems are coastal cities in Peru (e.g., Lima), La Rioja and Catamarca in Argentina, cities in Northern Mexico, and cities in dry areas of Africa. For some cities, the problem is not so much ever more distant water supplies but insufficient funds to expand supplies. Bangkok and Jakarta both face saltwater intrusion into their overdrawn aquifers. Even through agriculture is the dominant user of water in most countries, demand concentrated in a small area exhausts local and regional sources and pollutes rivers, lakes, and coasts with untreated human and industrial waste. Most cities in Africa and Asia do not have a sewerage system. Further, most cities do not have the drains to deal with storm water and external floodwater, causing frequent, seasonal flooding. The resulting stagnant water provides breeding grounds for insect vectors of diseases (e.g., malaria). The problems in most cities are a result of poor management, not lack of water. Reducing leaks in existing piped distribution systems from the usual 60% loss of water to leaks to 12% would increase the available water 2-fold. Another way to address water shortages would be commercial, industrial, and recreational use of minimally treated waste water, such as is the case in Madras and Mexico City. Political solutions are needed to resolve inadequate water supply and waste management.

  18. 辽宁省林木良种基地建设技术%Construction of Forest Thoroughbred Base in Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹晓芬; 贾斌; 贾斌英; 王晓鸣

    2012-01-01

    A set of scientific and integrated construction system for thoroughbred base was summed up after 40 years of studies on the construction of forest thoroughbred base in Liaoning Province. And some acquired experiences and existing problems were discussed in detail. The key techniques and process graph of the construction of forest thoroughbred were put forward. By the end of 2009, 80 forest thoroughbred bases with an area of 7 535 hm2 had been built, among which there were 967 hm2 of seed orchard with an annual seed yield of 57 400 kg, 4 612 hm2 of parent trees with an annual output of 200000 kg, 874 hm2 of seed orchard with annual cutting yield of 34. 53 million individuals, 159 hm2 of test plantation, 395 hm2 of tree plus nursery, 358 hm2 of demonstration forest, and 170 hm2 of other forests. A total of 144 forest tree fine varieties were obtained, with wood gain of more than 39. 3% and fruit gain of over 43. 6% .%经过40多a的林木良种基地建设研究,系统地总结出一套科学、完整的良种基地建设技术体系,并针对林木良种基地建设取得的经验和发展中的问题进行了深入剖析,提出了林木良种建设中的关键技术和林木良种基地建设进程图.到2010年底,共建设林木良种基地80处,面积7 535 hm2,其中包括种子园967 hm2,年产种子5.74万kg、母树林4612 hm2,年产种子20万kg、采穗圃874 hm2,年采穗条3453万条、测定林159 hm2,优树收集圃395 hm2,展示林358 hm2,其它170 hm2.林木良种144个,木材增益为39.3%以上,果品增益达43.6%以上.

  19. Zircon geochronology and geochemistry of mafic xenoliths from Liaoning kimberlites:Track the early evolution of the lower crust, North China Craton

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHENG Jianping; YU Chunmei; LU Fengxiang; LI Huimin

    2004-01-01

    Mafic xenoliths from Paleozoic Fuxian kimberlites (Liaoning Province) mainly include garnet granulite, with minor pyroxene amphibolite, meta-gabbro and pyroxene syenite. The SiO2 contents of the xenoliths are from 47.3 wt% to 49.9 wt%. The granulites are mainly coarse-medium grained and reasonably with well-developed granoblastic (mostly polygonal)texture, contain the assemblage of garnet + plagioclase + pyroxene + K-feldspar ± phlogopite.The mineral assemblage of the amphibolites is plagioclase + pyroxene + amphibole ± K-feldspar,with the equilibrium temperature and pressure conditions of 744-821 ℃ and 0.76-0.88 GPa.The granulites are regarded as derivation from the lower crust depth (more than 29 km), below the amphibolites. Garnet granulites compositionally correspond to sub-alkalic basalt, and have wide ranges of Ni abundance (133-840 ppm), and Nb/Y (0.12-1.85), Nb/U (3.51-53.86) and Ta/U (0.38-2.48). The amphibolite and the syenite correspond to alkalic basalt. The Fuxian mafic xenoliths are regarded as the metamorphic product of the underplated magmas (including fractional crystallization or not) experienced the contamination with the pre-existed crustal components, and partly effected by kimberlitic magmas. The concordant ages of zircons for the gabbro (2610-2580 Ma) and the near-concordant upper intercept ages of zircons for the garnet granulite and pyroxene amphibolite (2578-2538 Ma) indicate that they are currently known as the oldest deep-seated xenoliths from the lower crust of the North China Craton. These ages recorded the formation of the united Eastern Block of the North China Craton, That is, Neoarchean (2.6-2.5 Ga) is an important continental crustal growth period of the North China Craton.The lower intercept age of the garnet granulite (1853 Ma) recorded an important tectonic thermal event in Paleoproterozoic. This event was probably related to collision of the East and West block,and resulted in the final assembly of the North China Craton

  20. Zircon geochronology and geochemistry of mafic xenoliths from Liaoning kimberlites: Track the early evolution of the lower crust, North China Craton

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHENG; Jianping; YU; Chunmei; LU; Fengxiang; LI; Huimin

    2004-01-01

    Mafic xenoliths from Paleozoic Fuxian kimberlites (Liaoning Province) mainly include garnet granulite, with minor pyroxene amphibolite, meta-gabbro and pyroxene syenite. The SiO2 contents of the xenoliths are from 47.3 wt% to 49.9 wt%. The granulites are mainly coarse-medium grained and reasonably with well-developed granoblastic (mostly polygonal)texture, contain the assemblage of garnet + plagioclase + pyroxene + K-feldspar ± phlogopite.The mineral assemblage of the amphibolites is plagioclase + pyroxene + amphibole ± K-feldspar,with the equilibrium temperature and pressure conditions of 744-821 ℃ and 0.76-0.88 GPa.The granulites are regarded as derivation from the lower crust depth (more than 29 km), below the amphibolites. Garnet granulites compositionally correspond to sub-alkalic basalt, and have wide ranges of Ni abundance (133-840 ppm), and Nb/Y (0.12-1.85), Nb/U (3.51-53.86) and Ta/U (0.38-2.48). The amphibolite and the syenite correspond to alkalic basalt. The Fuxian mafic xenoliths are regarded as the metamorphic product of the underplated magmas (including fractional crystallization or not) experienced the contamination with the pre-existed crustal components, and partly effected by kimberlitic magmas. The concordant ages of zircons for the gabbro (2610-2580 Ma) and the near-concordant upper intercept ages of zircons for the garnet granulite and pyroxene amphibolite (2578-2538 Ma) indicate that they are currently known as the oldest deep-seated xenoliths from the lower crust of the North China Craton. These ages recorded the formation of the united Eastern Block of the North China Craton, That is, Neoarchean (2.6-2.5 Ga) is an important continental crustal growth period of the North China Craton.The lower intercept age of the garnet granulite (1853 Ma) recorded an important tectonic thermal event in Paleoproterozoic. This event was probably related to collision of the East and West block,and resulted in the final assembly of the North China Craton

  1. The Relationship between Post-Traumatic Symptoms, Parenting Style, and Resilience among Adolescents in Liaoning, China: A Cross-Sectional Study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yanxue Zhai

    Full Text Available In China, a growing number of adolescents have experienced traumatic events that have resulted in PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder. Post-traumatic symptoms are common psychological problems in adolescents who have experienced traumatic events. However, existing studies tend to focus on the factors influencing PTSD, such as the response styles and social support, and studies on the relationships between parenting style, resilience and post-traumatic symptoms are still rare.To analyze the relationships between parenting style, resilience and post-traumatic symptoms among adolescents in China.A cross-sectional survey was conducted from June to December 2013 in the Liaoning Province, China. N = 5765 adolescents (aged 12 to 18 years old were ultimately chosen to participate. The Chinese version of the Essen Trauma Inventory for Kids and Juveniles (ETI-KJ, a modified version of the Parental Authority Questionnaire, and the Chinese Resilience Scale were used to estimate the post-traumatic symptoms, parenting style, and resilience, respectively. Pearson's correlations, multiple linear regression analyses and structural equation modeling (SEM were applied to analyze the data.Of the adolescents, 39.76% (N = 2292 had been exposed to traumatic events during their lives. The prevalence of probable PTSD at the time of the interview (one-month-prevalence was 12.65%. Parenting style and resilience were significantly associated with post-traumatic symptoms. According to the SEM, parenting style had a significant direct effect on resilience (0.70, P<0.01 and post-traumatic symptoms (-0.15, P<0.05, and resilience had a significant direct effect on the post-traumatic symptoms (-0.43, P<0.01. Furthermore, parenting style had a significant indirect effect (-0.43×0.70 = -0.30. P<0.01 on the post-traumatic symptoms through resilience. The SEM significantly explained 49% of the variance in resilience and 30% of the variance in post-traumatic symptoms

  2. Research on Drought Monitoring and Evaluating System in Liaoning Province%辽宁省旱情监测与评估系统研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董婷婷; 孙浩; 陈丽娟; 崔宁

    2011-01-01

    Based on the hydrological and RS data, the drought monitoring and evaluating methods were determined, and the drought monitoring and evaluating system in Liaoning Province was constructed. As indicated by the results, the six indexes selected from the meteorological drought, hydrologic drought and soil drought were suitable for the drought monitoring based on hydrological data, while the ATI and LST/NDVI models were suitable for the drought monitoring based on RS data. The disaster-affected area determined by the spatial analysis method and the yield re duction model determined by regression analysis method were suitable for evaluating the yield decrease rate. The system could release the drought monitoring result and disaster-affected crop area every ten days, and the evaluating results of crop yield reduction one time a year, which helped form the drought resisting and management network.%通过充分挖掘水文数据和遥感数据的优势,确定了旱情监测与评估的方法,构建了辽宁省旱情监测与评估系统.结果表明,从气象干旱、水文干旱和土壤干旱3方面选取的6个指标适合于基于水文数据的旱情监测研究,依据时间的不同选取的表现热惯量模型和地表温度植被指数斜率法模型适合于基于遥感数据的旱情监测研究;利用空间分析方法确定的作物受灾面积和利用回归分析法确定的作物减产率模型适合于作物减产率的评估;系统运行后,可以实现每旬发布1次旱情监测结果,每旬发布1次作物受灾面积评估,每年发布1次作物减产情况评估,实现抗旱管理工作的网络化.

  3. Overview of the Research on Military Science of Sun Tzu in Liaoning%辽宁孙子兵法研究述评

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林喦

    2014-01-01

    辽宁近百年的《孙子兵法》研究,是经过与关内的长期联动和新中国成立后的积极准备,才在改革开放后迅速崛起,夺得先机。其主要成果集中于文献研究、本体研究和应用研究三大方面。文献研究是以域外文献研究和文献研究的现代转换首开先河,建立并成功运行“孙子文献网”,并以《孙子兵学大典》集其大成。本体研究是以篇章结构分析为突破口,通过认真研究十三篇结构来完整准确地解读其理论思路,从而占领学术制高点。应用研究是以军事应用、公安应用、管理和财经应用、竞技体育和人生谋划为重点,这也是在国内开展较早且取得重要成果的项目。其成果均以开创性的价值和意义引人瞩目,有力推动了孙子研究的深入发展。这得益于长期大规模文化建设和人才培养所奠定的基础,也是积极引入新理论新方法的必然结果。%The research of The Art of War in Liaoning in recent one hundred years has been flourished after the opening‐up and reforms .The chief achievements are focused on document research ,ontology research and application research .These achievements has aroused the attention with creative value and significance and pushed forward the deep development of Sun Tzu research ,which has benefited from the long term cultural construction and talent cultivation and is the inevitable result of the introduction of new theories and methods .

  4. Analysis of monitoring results of children dental fluorosis in drinking-water-borne endemic fluorosis areas in Liaoning province in 2011%2011年辽宁省饮水型地方性氟中毒病区儿童氟斑牙病情监测分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王恩来; 郑照霞; 刘微; 王健辉

    2013-01-01

    目的 调查辽宁省饮水型地方性氟中毒病区儿童氟斑牙的流行现况,评价改水措施的防病效果.方法 2011年9月,在辽宁省海城市、凌海市、法库县、阜蒙县、辽阳县、建平县6个地方性氟中毒病区县(市),每个县抽取3个已改水病区村,共18个病区村作为调查点.各调查村普查8~12岁儿童氟斑牙患病情况.每个调查村采集1份末梢水样,进行水氟测定.结果 共检查8~12岁儿童786人,检出氟斑牙患者110人,氟斑牙检出率为14.0%,无缺损型氟斑牙病例,氟斑牙指数为0.27.其中,极轻度76例,检出率为9.7%;轻度33例,检出率为4.2%;中度1例,检出率为0.1%;重度0例.8岁组病例4例,占3.6%;9岁组病例20例,占18.2%; 10岁组病例26例,占23.6%;11岁组病例32例,占29.1%; 12岁组病例28例,占25.5%.各年龄组儿童氟斑牙检出率比较差异有统计学意义(x2=13.57,P<0.05).采集的18份改水工程末梢水样水氟范围为0.34~ 2.03 mg/L.77.8%(14/18)的改水病区达到了地方性氟中毒病区控制标准.结论 饮水氟含量高的病区儿童氟斑牙患病率仍较高,改水措施还有待于加强.%Objective To investigate the prevalence of children dental fluorosis in drinking-water-borne endemic fluorosis areas in Liaoning province and to evaluate the disease prevention effects of water improvement measures.Methods Haicheng city,Linghai city,Faku county,Fumeng county,Liaoyang county and Jianping county six endemic fluorosis diseased counties (cities) of Liaoning province were included in the study in September 2011.In each county,3 water improvement villages were selected as survey points.In each surveyed village,children aged 8-12 were generally surveyed the prevalence of dental fluorosis.One tap water sample was collected in each surveyed village for determination of water fluorine.level.Results A total of 786 children aged 8-12 were examined; 110 of them were found with dental

  5. CityGML - Interoperable semantic 3D city models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gröger, Gerhard; Plümer, Lutz

    2012-07-01

    CityGML is the international standard of the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) for the representation and exchange of 3D city models. It defines the three-dimensional geometry, topology, semantics and appearance of the most relevant topographic objects in urban or regional contexts. These definitions are provided in different, well-defined Levels-of-Detail (multiresolution model). The focus of CityGML is on the semantical aspects of 3D city models, its structures, taxonomies and aggregations, allowing users to employ virtual 3D city models for advanced analysis and visualization tasks in a variety of application domains such as urban planning, indoor/outdoor pedestrian navigation, environmental simulations, cultural heritage, or facility management. This is in contrast to purely geometrical/graphical models such as KML, VRML, or X3D, which do not provide sufficient semantics. CityGML is based on the Geography Markup Language (GML), which provides a standardized geometry model. Due to this model and its well-defined semantics and structures, CityGML facilitates interoperable data exchange in the context of geo web services and spatial data infrastructures. Since its standardization in 2008, CityGML has become used on a worldwide scale: tools from notable companies in the geospatial field provide CityGML interfaces. Many applications and projects use this standard. CityGML is also having a strong impact on science: numerous approaches use CityGML, particularly its semantics, for disaster management, emergency responses, or energy-related applications as well as for visualizations, or they contribute to CityGML, improving its consistency and validity, or use CityGML, particularly its different Levels-of-Detail, as a source or target for generalizations. This paper gives an overview of CityGML, its underlying concepts, its Levels-of-Detail, how to extend it, its applications, its likely future development, and the role it plays in scientific research. Furthermore, its

  6. Responsive City Lighting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Esben Skouboe; Andersen, Hans Jørgen; Jensen, Ole B.

    This paper presents and discusses perspectives extracted from two interviews conducted during the experiments Urban Responsive Lighting. The two experts embody two different fields related to city lighting: architecture & public lighting industry. The representatives were invited to the test......-site, where 15 LED RGB Park lamps, controlled driven by a wind sensor, mobile phone applications or by thermal camera tracking. According to the specialists are the social and aesthetical dimensions more interesting than the energy use cases and efficiency. This motivates an interdisciplinary discussion...

  7. Cities and Refugees

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Katz, Bruce; Noring, Luise; Garrelts, Nantke

    In the midst of a global refugee crisis, the influx of refugees into Europe presents unique challenges. The large scale of the migration, the extent of the human suffering driving it, and the political complexities of resolving it come on top of substantial existing strains on the European project...... institutions, it is municipalities across Europe in general and Germany in particular who are responsible for planning, delivering, and, in some cases, financing the housing, education, and full integration of new arrivals. “Cities and Refugees: The European Response” is a collaboration of the Brookings...

  8. Energy and the city

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesco Martinico

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Spatial planning should have a key role in creating urban environments that support less energy-intense lifestyles. A wise consideration of energy in urban land use policies should play an important role considering that, in spite of having a land occupation of 2% and accommodating 50% of the world population, cities produce 80% of GHG emissions and consume 80 % of the world’s resources.In the building industry, the green economy is already part of the designers’ approach. This has already produced several energy efficient buildings that also feature high architectural quality. Now is the turn of cities to take the same direction in developing the capacity of formulating sounded urban policies. This will contribute to develop adequate new tools for achieving the energy efficiency goal.Climate change concern, the dominating environmental paradigm, is permeating the political scenario worldwide, producing a plethora of formal documents. The most recent one is the COP21 agreed in Paris in December 2015, after the failure of the Copenhagen summit in 2009, and formally signed in April 2016 in New York. The challenge for land use planning now is to translate these general commitments into actions that modify planning practices at all levels, from cities to regions.In this field, the current situation is extremely varied. EU has issued several documents focussed mainly at building level but also sustainable transports are considered a key issue. However, a further step is needed in order to increase the level of integration among all land use approaches, including the idea of green infrastructure as a key component of any human settlement. (European Commission, 2013. The relationship between urbanisation and climate change has become key worldwide but looking at it from a Mediterranean perspective arises some specificities, considering also the political strain that this part of the world is facing. Both Southern Europe and Middle East and North

  9. Experience City.DK

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marling, Gitte; Kiib, Hans; Jensen, Ole B.

    I de seneste 20 år er der foretaget meget store investeringer i kulturhuse, museer og koncertsale. Mange nye spillesteder og "performancehuse" er dukket op, og som noget nyt sker der en samlokalisering af forskellige kunstarter med cafemiljøer, uddannelsesmiljøer, bibliotekter og virksomheder med...... bydele omtales som "oplevelsesbyen". Den kulturelle podning stiller krav til de fysiske omgivelser, til arkitekturen og til design af byrum. Experience City.DK undersøger betingelser for og konsekvenser af nye hybride kulturprojekter og performative byrum i danske byer....

  10. Visions of the City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pinder, David

    hopes and dreams of modern urbanism. It also contests current claims about the 'end of utopia', arguing that reconsidering earlier projects can play a critical role in developing utopian perspectives today. Through the study of utopian visions, it aims to rekindle elements of utopianism itself.......Visions of the City is a dramatic account of utopian urbanism in the twentieth century. It explores radical demands for new spaces and ways of living, and considers their effects on planning, architecture and struggles to shape urban landscapes. Such visions, it shows, have played a crucial role...

  11. The Experience City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marling, Gitte; Jensen, Ole B.; Kiib, Hans

    2012-01-01

    findings. The projects are categorised according to their content, structure and urban localisation. In particular the cases are labelled in relation to their strategic and urban planning importance, their social and cultural content and their architectural representation and the programmes they contain...... to relate to the wider international debate and development. In section two we present the main theoretical concepts and framings that will guide the understanding and the analysis of the experience city. In section three we focus on the design of the ‘Danish experience city’ and present the first research...

  12. New city spaces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gehl, Jan; Gemzøe, Lars

    2001-01-01

    2. rev. udg. engelsk udgave af 'Nye byrum'. This book presents an overview of the developments in the use and planning of public spaces, and offers a detailed description of 9 cities with interesting public space strategies: Barcelona, Lyon, Strasbourg, Freiburg and Copenhagen in Europe, Portland...... in North America, Curitiba and Cordoba in South America and Melbourne in Australia. It also portrays 39 selected public space projects from all parts of the World. The strategies and projects are extensively illustrated by drawings, plans and photographs....

  13. City of Epitaphs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Megan Hicks

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The pavement lies like a ledger-stone on a tomb. Buried underneath are the remains of fertile landscapes and the life they once supported. Inscribed on its upper side are epitaphic writings. Whatever their ostensible purpose, memorial plaques and public artworks embedded in the pavement are ultimately expressions of civic bereavement and guilt. The pavement's role as both witness and accomplice to fatality is confirmed by private individuals who publicize their grief with death notices graffitied on the asphalt. To walk the city is to engage in a dialogue about death.

  14. Beijing-Entertainment City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    With 3,000 years of history and over 18 million people,Beijing is a city that has moved with the times.Behind the brand new malls,futuristic buildings and vibrant nightlife,one can still feel the pulse of China’s ancient culture.Here are a few options to discover Beijing’s rich and vibrant entertainment scene. Traditional Beijing Peking Opera is the most famous of all Chinese opera and certainly the quintessential traditional Chinese culture.It combines music,vocal per-

  15. Beyond the City Limits

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Hairong

    2012-01-01

    While most fresh university graduates in China aim to find jobs in the cities,more and more welleducated young people are starting to look for career opportunities in rural areas.Cheng Guangjing is one of those who have chosen to work as a village official.In 2009 he began working in Dongzhuang Village,Lankao County in central China's Henan Province.On November 24,2011,the villagers unanimously elected him secretary of the Dongzhuang Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC).

  16. City project and public space

    CERN Document Server

    2013-01-01

    The book aims at nurturing theoretic reflection on the city and the territory and working out and applying methods and techniques for improving our physical and social landscapes. The main issue is developed around the projectual dimension, with the objective of visualising both the city and the territory from a particular viewpoint, which singles out the territorial dimension as the city’s space of communication and negotiation. Issues that characterise the dynamics of city development will be faced, such as the new, fresh relations between urban societies and physical space, the right to the city, urban equity, the project for the physical city as a means to reveal civitas, signs of new social cohesiveness, the sense of contemporary public space and the sustainability of urban development. Authors have been invited to explore topics that feature a pluralism of disciplinary contributions studying formal and informal practices on the project for the city and seeking conceptual and operative categories capab...

  17. The Carbon City Index (CCI)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boyd, Britta; Straatman, Bas; Mangalagiu, Diana

    This paper presents a consumption-based Carbon City Index for CO2 emissions in a city. The index is derived from regional consumption and not from regional production. It includes imports and exports of emissions, factual emission developments, green investments as well as low carbon city...... development policies and stakeholder engagement. The index is based on a multi-region input-output model used in most parts of the world for more than half a century. We demonstrate the index through comparative case studies of three Danish regions: a rural region with a city center, the municipality...... of Sønderborg, a mid-sized city region, the municipality of Odense, and a metropolitan area, the municipality of Copenhagen. We demonstrate how city initiatives implemented to reduce emissions are translated into easy to access input-output parameters changes and how the index transparently assesses...

  18. The Emergence of City Logistics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gammelgaard, Britta

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: – Many city logistics projects in Europe have failed. A better understanding of the complex organizational change processes in city logistics projects with many stakeholders may expand city logistics capabilities and thereby help prevent future failures. The purpose of this paper...... is therefore to increase understanding of how city logistics emerge, and secondarily, to investigate whether such processes can be managed at all. Design/methodology/approach: – A paradigm shift in urban planning creates new ways of involving stakeholders in new sustainability measures such as city logistics....... Organizational change theory is applied to capture the social processes leading to emergence of city logistics. The methodology is a qualitative processual analysis of a single longitudinal case. Findings: – The change process took different forms over time. At the time of concluding the analysis, positive...

  19. 铁岭市玉米收获机械化发展思路探讨%Discussion on the Development of Mechanized Corn Harvesting in Tieling City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尤丹

    2014-01-01

    Tieling is known as"the Granary of North Liaoning", with maize as the first crop of the city, but the mechanized corn harvest-ing has remained the weakness in Tieling, so it is also the breakthrough in agricultural machinery popularization. This article reviews the development situation of mechanized corn harvesting in Tieling City, analyses factors affecting the quantity of corn harvester growth, and puts forward ideas on the development of mechanized corn harvesting.%铁岭素有“辽北粮仓”之称,玉米是铁岭第一大粮食作物,但玉米收获机械化一直是铁岭农业机械化的薄弱环节,也是农机推广工作的突破口。阐述铁岭地区玉米收获机械化的发展现状,分析影响玉米收获机数量增长的因素,介绍玉米收获机械化的发展思路。

  20. Influence of exposure differences on city-to-city heterogeneity ...

    Science.gov (United States)

    Multi-city population-based epidemiological studies have observed heterogeneity between city-specific fine particulate matter (PM2.5)-mortality effect estimates. These studies typically use ambient monitoring data as a surrogate for exposure leading to potential exposure misclassification. The level of exposure misclassification can differ by city affecting the observed health effect estimate. The objective of this analysis is to evaluate whether previously developed residential infiltration-based city clusters can explain city-to-city heterogeneity in PM2.5 mortality risk estimates. In a prior paper 94 cities were clustered based on residential infiltration factors (e.g. home age/size, prevalence of air conditioning (AC)), resulting in 5 clusters. For this analysis, the association between PM2.5 and all-cause mortality was first determined in 77 cities across the United States for 2001–2005. Next, a second stage analysis was conducted evaluating the influence of cluster assignment on heterogeneity in the risk estimates. Associations between a 2-day (lag 0–1 days) moving average of PM2.5 concentrations and non-accidental mortality were determined for each city. Estimated effects ranged from −3.2 to 5.1% with a pooled estimate of 0.33% (95% CI: 0.13, 0.53) increase in mortality per 10 μg/m3 increase in PM2.5. The second stage analysis determined that cluster assignment was marginally significant in explaining the city-to-city heterogeneity. The health effe

  1. Temporal distribution character of regional heavy rain from 2001 to 2010 in Liaoning province%2001-2010年辽宁区域性暴雨阶段性特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    公颖; 陈力强; 隋明

    2011-01-01

    Based on the hourly precipitation data from automatic weather stations in Liaoning province and the NCEP data (1° × 1° resolution) ,the 25 heavy rain events in the flood seasons from 2001 to 2010 were analyzed in order to obtain the temporal distribution characteristics and typical weather systems of the heavy rain events. The results show that among the 25 heavy rain events,7 events (28% ) have two main rain phases,I. E. There are obviously decreasing precipitation and transformation of weather system between two rain phases. The upper air jet stream is the main weather system at high level (200 hPa) during the heavy rain process. 92% of main weather systems are upper trough at middle level (in 500 hPa). Among 92% ,the common influence of upper trough and subtropical high accounts for 57%. 88% of inducing systems is a shear line of the top (or eastern) of cyclone ( or inversion trough) at low level (in 800 hPa) ,and 12% is a shear of saddle field. In general,the weather systems of heavy rain events with two rain phases at high and middle levels do not change in the two stages. The main weather systems are upper jet stream at high level and the common influence of upper trough and subtropical high at middle level (a few of them are only influenced by upper trough). The heavy rain processes with two rain phases are accompanied with the adjustment of the elements fields at low level, especially the adjustment of wind field, which results in the transformation of weather systems at low level or the change of intensity. The adjustment stage of the elements fields at low level is also the interval period of two rain phases. The collocation of weather system and duration of the heavy rain process do not have obvious characteristics for the heavy rain events with two rain phases. That is to say,the heavy rain events in their early period could not be identified whether they could develop into two or more rain phases. 17 events in Dandong and Benxi have the phenomena of

  2. Smart Cities Will Need Chemistry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandru WOINAROSCHY

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available A smart city is a sustainable and efficient urban centre that provides a high quality of life to its inhabitants through optimal management of its resources. Chemical industry has a key role to play in the sustainable evolution of the smart cities. Additionally, chemistry is at the heart of all modern industries, including electronics, information technology, biotechnology and nano-technology. Chemistry can make the smart cities project more sustainable, more energy efficient and more cost effective. There are six broad critical elements of any smart city: water management systems; infrastructure; transportation; energy; waste management and raw materials consumption. In all these elements chemistry and chemical engineering are deeply involved.

  3. Smart Cities and Sustainability Models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorena BATAGAN

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available In our age cities are complex systems and we can say systems of systems. Today locality is the result of using information and communication technologies in all departments of our life, but in future all cities must to use smart systems for improve quality of life and on the other hand for sustainable development. The smart systems make daily activities more easily, efficiently and represent a real support for sustainable city development. This paper analysis the sus-tainable development and identified the key elements of future smart cities.

  4. Large cities are less green

    CERN Document Server

    Oliveira, E A; Makse, H A

    2014-01-01

    We study how urban quality evolves as a result of carbon dioxide emissions as urban agglomerations grow. We employ a bottom-up approach combining two unprecedented microscopic data on population and carbon dioxide emissions in the continental US. We first aggregate settlements that are close to each other into cities using the City Clustering Algorithm (CCA) defining cities beyond the administrative boundaries. Then, we use data on $\\rm{CO}_2$ emissions at a fine geographic scale to determine the total emissions of each city. We find a superlinear scaling behavior, expressed by a power-law, between $\\rm{CO}_2$ emissions and city population with average allometric exponent $\\beta = 1.46$ across all cities in the US. This result suggests that the high productivity of large cities is done at the expense of a proportionally larger amount of emissions compared to small cities. Furthermore, our results are substantially different from those obtained by the standard administrative definition of cities, i.e. Metropol...

  5. in Beirut City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. El Khoury

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The use of nutritional supplements among exercisers in gyms has been never investigated in the Middle East. The aim of the current study was to assess the prevalence intake of nutritional supplements and the potential influencing factors among people exercising in gyms in Beirut city. In this cross-sectional study, 512 exercisers, aged between 20 and 50 years, were randomly selected from gyms. The intake of nutritional supplements was reported among 36.3% (95% confidence interval 32.2–40.5 of participants, with a weak presence of medical supervision. Patterns of supplement use differed by gender and age. Men and younger exercisers were found to focus on supplements associated with performance enhancement and muscle building, while women and older exercisers were more concerned with health-promoting products such as vitamins, minerals, and herbal supplements. An appropriate dissemination of accurate and scientifically sound information regarding the benefits and side effects of nutritional supplements is highly recommended in the sports environment in Beirut city.

  6. Effect of Soil Enzymes on Soil Microbial Respiration in Secondary Forest in Mountainous Region of Eastern Liaoning Province%辽东山区次生林土壤酶对土壤微生物呼吸的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范阿南; 刘峰

    2013-01-01

    Taking soil in three kinds of natural secondary forest (Quercus mongolica ,weed trees & Juglans mand-shurica) as researching objects ,through determination of amylase ,invertase ,dehydrogenase &catalase activity ,the relationship between soil enzyme activities and soil microbial respiration in the mountainous regions of eastern Liaon-ing Province were discussed .Result shows that :soil enzyme activity & soil microbial respiration of Quercus mon-golica ,weed trees & Juglans mandshurica have certain seasonal fluctuations ,but the correlation is not significant . Except biological respiration & catalase activity of Juglans m andshurica has significant relationship ,microbial res-piration & four kinds of activity of Quercus mongolica & weed trees has no significant correlation .The result pro-vides a reference for understanding systematically the soil carbon cycle of plant communities for secondary forest in the mountainous regions of Eastern Liaoning Province .%以蒙古栎(Quercus mongolica)林、杂木林和胡桃楸(Juglans mandshurica)林3种天然次生林土壤为研究对象,通过生长季节内表层土壤(0~30 cm )淀粉酶、蔗糖酶、脱氢酶和过氧化氢酶活性以及土壤微生物呼吸速率的测定,探讨了辽东山区土壤酶活性与土壤微生物呼吸之间的关系。结果表明:辽东山区蒙古栎林、杂木林、胡桃楸林土壤酶活性与土壤微生物呼吸具有一定的季节波动,但相关性不显著。除胡桃楸林微生物呼吸与过氧化氢酶活性之间具有显著关系外,蒙古栎林和杂木林微生物呼吸与4种酶活性之间均无显著相关性。研究结果为进一步系统了解辽东山区次生林植物群落土壤碳循环过程提供了参考。

  7. Analysis of Disease Composition and Tendency about Inpatients of a Hospital in Liaoning Province from 2003 to 2014%2003~2014年辽宁某院住院病人疾病谱及变化趋势分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石锋; 王飞

    2015-01-01

    Objective To know the main pattern about inpatients of a hospital in Liaoning province, and to provide a scientific basis for targeted arrangements of the relevant departments.Methods The constituent ratio and the Cochran-Armitage trend test were used to analyze the medical record about inpatients of a hospital in Liaoning province from 2003 to 2014, to get the disease composition and variation tendency of inpatients.Results Tumor is the first of the disease composition. Respiratory system disease, pregnancy and childbirth puerperium, tumor and circulatory problems are respectively the first of the disease compositions in different age groups.Conclusion Diagnosis and treatment of tumor, respiratory system diseases on children, circulatory system disease on the elderly, and health care of the child-bearing age women and children are the focus of health planning in this hospital in Liaoning province at present stage.%目的:了解辽宁某院住院病人的主要患病模式,为有关部门针对性的部署提供科学依据。方法利用2003~2014年辽宁某院住院病人病案首页资料,采用构成比和Cochran-Armitage趋势检验分析住院病人疾病构成及变化趋势特征。结果肿瘤居疾病构成首位,居各年龄段疾病构成首位的分别是呼吸系统疾病、妊娠分娩产褥期、肿瘤和循环系统疾病。结论现阶段肿瘤、儿童呼吸系统疾病和老年人循环系统疾病的诊治以及育龄妇幼卫生保健是该院诊疗工作规划的重点。

  8. Evaluation on Coordinated Development of Water-Ecology-Economy in Liaoning%辽宁省水资源生态经济系统协调发展评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李波; 李春娇; 王铁良

    2013-01-01

    通过分析水资源约束下生态环境与社会经济复合系统的竞争与合作关系,构建基于模糊数学的水资源-生态环境-社会经济复合系统协调发展模型,选取辽宁省2000~2010年的水资源、社会经济和生态环境发展数据,研究和探索区域社会经济的可持续发展策略.结果表明:辽宁省经济有序度增加较快,水资源有序度受水资源总量影响波动较大,但人均水资源生态赤字逐渐减少,2004~2010年水资源基本处于一种安全状态,生态环境有序度变化不稳定,系统总体协调度不高,呈现初级协调特征.根据计算结果的客观评价,辽宁省水资源生态经济系统具有协调可持续发展的潜力.%Through analyzing the relationship of competition and cooperation between ecological environment,social and economic integration system under limitting water resources,we constructed the coordinated development model of water resources-ecological environment-social and economic integration system based on fuzzy mathematics.This paper used the data of water resources,socio-economic and ecological environment in Liaoning from 2000 to 2010 for the study on sustainable development strategy of regional society and economy.The results indicated that order degree of economy increased rapidly and order degree of water resources was greatly affected by total water resource fluctuations in Liaoning.Water resource ecological deficit decreased gradually,which indicated that the use of water resources was in a safe state in 2004-2010.The growth of order degree of ecological environment was not stable,and the coordination of the overall system was not high,showing the primary coordination characteristics.Aaccording to the objective evaluation of the results,the water ecology economy system has the potential for coordinated and sustainable development in Liaoning.

  9. Inner-city station areas in Chinese cities

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wang, X.

    2014-01-01

    Redevelopments of Chinese inner-­‐city station areas introduced both new transport infrastructures (high speed railway, urban mass transit system, etc.) and real estate projects to station vicinities during the past decades. However, existing station areas are isolated from the rest of the city, and

  10. Smart cities of the future

    Science.gov (United States)

    Batty, M.; Axhausen, K. W.; Giannotti, F.; Pozdnoukhov, A.; Bazzani, A.; Wachowicz, M.; Ouzounis, G.; Portugali, Y.

    2012-11-01

    Here we sketch the rudiments of what constitutes a smart city which we define as a city in which ICT is merged with traditional infrastructures, coordinated and integrated using new digital technologies. We first sketch our vision defining seven goals which concern: developing a new understanding of urban problems; effective and feasible ways to coordinate urban technologies; models and methods for using urban data across spatial and temporal scales; developing new technologies for communication and dissemination; developing new forms of urban governance and organisation; defining critical problems relating to cities, transport, and energy; and identifying risk, uncertainty, and hazards in the smart city. To this, we add six research challenges: to relate the infrastructure of smart cities to their operational functioning and planning through management, control and optimisation; to explore the notion of the city as a laboratory for innovation; to provide portfolios of urban simulation which inform future designs; to develop technologies that ensure equity, fairness and realise a better quality of city life; to develop technologies that ensure informed participation and create shared knowledge for democratic city governance; and to ensure greater and more effective mobility and access to opportunities for urban populations. We begin by defining the state of the art, explaining the science of smart cities. We define six scenarios based on new cities badging themselves as smart, older cities regenerating themselves as smart, the development of science parks, tech cities, and technopoles focused on high technologies, the development of urban services using contemporary ICT, the use of ICT to develop new urban intelligence functions, and the development of online and mobile forms of participation. Seven project areas are then proposed: Integrated Databases for the Smart City, Sensing, Networking and the Impact of New Social Media, Modelling Network Performance

  11. Luoyang Dual Spatial Criterion Ecological City Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Fazeng; Wang Shengnan

    2007-01-01

    The construction of an ecological city has two foundational platforms:the small platform,namely urban district or simply called as"city ecosystem";and the big platform,namely around city district in certain region scope or also referred to as"city-region ecosystem".The construction of an ecological city must be launched in the dual spatial criteria:in city(urban district)criterion-optimizing the city ecosystem;in city-region(city territory)criterion-optimizing the city-region ecosystem.Luoyang has the bright characteristic and the typical image within cities of China,and even in the world.The construction of anecological city in dual spatial criteria-the city and the city-region-has the vital significance to urbanization advancement and sustainable development in Luoyang.In city-region criterion,the primary mission of Luoyang's ecological city construction is to create a fine ecological environment platform in its city territory.In city criterion,the basic duty of Luoyang's ecologic city construction is to enhance the ecological capacity and benefit of the central city.

  12. Climate friendly cities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Julian, Roberto C.; Larona, Ferdinand P. [Green Renewable Independent Power Producers, Manila (Philippines)

    2006-07-15

    The provincial government of Negros Occidental, together with GRIPP (Green Renewable Independent Power Producers), has succeeded in securing for itself a clean energy future. Beginning with a campaign by a few NGOs, notably Greenpeace, and civil society groups against the construction of a coal-fired power plant, a coordinated plan, built on the needs of the local communities, has been developed to supply the energy needs of the province solely from renewable resources, as well as, to ensure the efficient use of energy from all sources. This project expands the plan beyond traditional renewable resources and electricity. It uses a low carbon approach to providing sufficient energy for continued urban development while mitigating the environmental problems that normally attend economic growth in the cities, specifically, air pollution from mass transport and solid waste. The project is based on an integrated facility for generating electricity for transport from organic waste. Its components are: a) a fleet of 35 jeepneys, each with a capacity of twenty passengers, b) a depot that will serve as charging station and maintenance center for the fleet, as well as, project information center and c) a power plant consisting of a generator, a high solid anaerobic digester and a 40 KW wind farm. The project cost, net of the cost of land, is Philippine Peso Sixty Nine Million, roughly the equivalent of Euro One Million. The City government may share in the total cost by way of nominal long-term leases on the land for the project sites. The bulk of the power will be supplied by biogas from a High Solid Anaerobic Digester that will biologically break down organic waste from the wet markets and commercial food establishments in downtown Bacolod. The process is relatively straightforward. First, both the wet market and commercial food waste streams will be thoroughly cleaned of all inert material such as metals and plastics by scavengers. The need for, as well as, the cost of

  13. City under the Ice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Kristian Hvidtfelt

    military conflicts are taking place. Studying the wealth of public representations of Camp Century, established 1959-60 by the US Army 128 miles east of the Thule Air Base and often referred to as the “City under the Ice”, we find a sharp contrast between the domesticated interior and the superpower......This paper uses Paul Edwards’ closed world metaphor to understand US involvement in Greenland during the Cold War. Closed worlds mark military-techno-scientific geographies of conflict: They refer to sealed techno-spaces of observation, containment, and control, but also to the settings in which......: The public image of Camp Century was one of technological comfort and military-scientific control. Amidst the raging Cold War and up against the harsh environment, the construction of the camp would prove to the public that the combined forces of the US military-technology-science complex would prevail...

  14. The Experience City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marling, Gitte; Jensen, Ole B.; Kiib, Hans

    2012-01-01

    This article take its point of departure in the pressure of the experience economy on European cities - a pressure which in recent years has found its expression in a number of comprehensive transformations of the physical and architectural environments, and new eventscapes related to fun...... and cultural experience are emerging. The physical, cultural and democratic consequences of this development are discussed in the article, as well as the problems and the new opportunities in the ‘Experience city’. It focuses on the design of the ‘Danish Experience City’ with a special emphasis on hybrid...... cultural projects and on performative urban spaces. ‘Hybrid cultural projects’ are characterised by a conscious fusion between urban transformation and new knowledge centres, cultural institutions and experience environments. ‘Performative urban spaces” are characterised by stages for performance...

  15. Founding the sustainable city

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radović Darko

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Sustainable development encompasses both ecologically and socio-culturally responsible and responsive practices. In urban design and architecture the results of cutting-edge research have to be tested on real projects. Issue of appropriate design-research methodologies thus becomes key to integration of usually separated disciplines of research (as 'analytical' or 'scientific' and design (as 'creative'. The paper presents a project for the new city based on ideas of sustainable urban development. The focus is on key aspects of urban design proposal, applied design research methods and efforts to translate critical sustainability-related urbanistic regulations and guidelines into responsible, high-quality architecture. The key issues are discussed throughout the paper and some open-ended conclusions put forward for further development.

  16. Archaeoastronomy and Calendar Cities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campion, Nicholas

    2016-02-01

    The use of astronomy for collective purposes, both religious and political, is apparent in the earliest astronomical records, from the evidence for Palaeolithic lunar calendars to megalithic monuments and Mesopotamian celestial-omen reports. This paper will consider the application of the heavens to the organisation of the ‘Cosmic State’, the human polity modelled on the assumption of a close relationship between society on the one hand and planetary and stellar patterns on the other. I will also examine the foundation of Baghdad within the tradition of celestial town planning and argue that the city may be seen as a ‘talisman’, designed to connect heaven to Earth and ensure peace, stability and political success by harmonising time and space.

  17. Transformation of a City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Trenessa L. Williams

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Gentrification changes the landscape and the cultural makeup of a city by increasing property values and changing consumption patterns. Since the late 1980s, gentrification has challenged the residential and small business community of Harlem, New York. Guided by the rent gap theory and the consumption-side theory, the purpose of this case study was to explore how small business leaders can compete with demographical changes brought by gentrification. A purposive sample of 20 Harlem small business owners operating during the city’s gentrification participated in interviews. Interview interpretations were triangulated with government documents and periodicals to bolster the trustworthiness of the final report. These findings may contribute to positive social change by informing the strategies employed by small business owners who are currently facing gentrification.

  18. Innovation in City Governments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lewis, Jenny M; Ricard, Lykke Margot; Klijn, Erik Hans

    Innovation has become an important focus for governments around the world over the last decade, with greater pressure on governments to do more with less, and expanding community expectations. Some are now calling this ‘social innovation’ – innovation that is related to creating new services...... that have value for stakeholders (such as citizens) in terms of the social and political outcomes they produce. Innovation in City Governments: Structures, Networks, and Leadership establishes an analytical framework of innovation capacity based on three dimensions: Structure - national governance...... and traditions, the local socioeconomic context, and the municipal structure Networks – interpersonal connections inside and outside the organization Leadership – the qualities and capabilities of senior individuals within the organization. Each of these are analysed using data from a comparative EU research...

  19. Gesamtkunstwerk Metelkova City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saša Nabergoj

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available For the last twenty years the protagonists of the ACC Metelkova City have been transforming its public space and the façades of the buildings by architectural, constructional, artistic and handcraft interventions, thus creating a unique kind of gesamtkunstwerk. The article focuses on the key points of the construction process and its contextualization in a broader historical, social, political and cultural context, thus aiming to define the constitutive elements of artistic practices and procedures of setting up the Metelkova artists’ community. The article highlights the necessity to perceive the entire area as a work-in-progress, with individual segments sometimes disappearing or gradually overlapping with other interventions, and with a number of elements that from the very beginning were meant to be only temporary. This principle, in contrast to the traditional understanding of cultural heritage preservation, appears to be crucial.

  20. Globalization : Countries, Cities and Multinationals

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    McCann, Philip; Acs, Zoltan J.

    2011-01-01

    McCann P. and Acs Z. J. Globalization: countries, cities and multinationals, Regional Studies. This paper explores the relationship between the size of a country, the size of its cities, and the importance of economies of scale in the modern era of globalization. In order to do this, it integrates t