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Sample records for hui pien chu

  1. Protective effects and potential mechanisms of Pien Tze Huang on cerebral chronic ischemia and hypertensive stroke

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kwong Wing

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Stroke caused by brain ischemia is the third leading cause of adult disability. Active prevention and early treatment of stroke targeting the causes and risk factors may decrease its incidence, mortality and subsequent disability. Pien Tze Huang (PZH, a Chinese medicine formula, was found to have anti-edema, anti-inflammatory and anti-thrombotic effects that can prevent brain damage. This study aims to investigate the potential mechanisms of the preventive effects of Pien Tze Huang on brain damage caused by chronic ischemia and hypertensive stroke in rats. Methods The effects of Pien Tze Huang on brain protein expression in spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR and stroke prone SHR (SHRsp were studied with 2-D gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometric analysis with a matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF/TOF tandem mass spectrometer and on brain cell death with enzyme link immunosorbent assay (ELISA and immunostaining. Results Pien Tze Huang decreased cell death in hippocampus and cerebellum caused by chronic ischemia and hypertensive stroke. Immunostaining of caspase-3 results indicated that Pien Tze Huang prevents brain cells from apoptosis caused by ischemia. Brain protein expression results suggested that Pien Tze Huang downregulated QCR2 in the electron transfer chain of mitochondria preventing reactive oxygen species (ROS damage and possibly subsequent cell death (caspase 3 assay as caused by chronic ischemia or hypertensive stroke to hippocampus and cerebellum. Conclusion Pien Tze Huang showed preventive effects on limiting the damage or injury caused by chronic ischemia and hypertensive stroke in rats. The effect of Pien Tze Huang was possibly related to prevention of cell death from apoptosis or ROS/oxidative damage in mitochondria.

  2. Personage Column:CHU Datong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Professor Da-Tong Chu is Chief Scientist of Medical Oncology and Chairman of Ethical Committee, Cancer Institute and Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences(CAMS), Beijing. He is President of Chinese Society of Clinical Oncology (CSCO), Vice-Chairman of the GCP Center of National Anti-Cancer Drugs, and is the member of the Expert Committee of State Food and Drug Administration(SFDA), and member of Chinese Pharmacopoeia Committee.

  3. Xu Bing, Ed Pien and Gu Xiong: Lost and Found in Translation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahon, Patrick

    2008-01-01

    The works of contemporary artists Xu Bing, Ed Pien and Gu Xiong are involved in bringing to light some of the factors inherent in social, cultural and linguistic translation. In doing so, each artist is also engaged in the nuanced activity of moving between historical and contemporary aesthetic strategies in order to interrogate the way meaning is…

  4. Hubei, the Cradle of Chu Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1994-01-01

    HUBEI Province is also known as Chu, because from the eleventh to third century B.C., the State of Chu rose, developed and fell here. Hubei is situated in central China and covered with some thousand lakes, since the Yangtze and Hanshui Rivers join here. It has an area of 186,000 square kilometers and a population of 54.39 million. Hubei has good soil,

  5. Structural, petrological and geochronological analysis of the lithotypes from the Pien region (Parana State, Brazil) and adjacences; Analise estrutural, petrologica e geocronologica dos litotipos da Regiao de Pien (PR) e adjacencias

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Harara, Ossama Mohamed

    1996-12-31

    The Pien area presents the major geotectonic domains separated by the Pien Shear Zone (PSZ). The northern one is the Rio Pien Granite-Mylonitic Suite composed by calc-alkaline granitoids of Neoproterozoic age. The southern domain is represented by the Amphibolite-Granulite where high grade metamorphism took place at the end of paleoproterozoic time. Considering the identified lithotypes, their geochemical affinity (particularly the Ti, Cr, Ni and REE content) and the geological context observed in the area, a geotectonical model of active continental margin related to subduction SSZ (Supra-Subduction Zone) is proposed. K-Ar on plagioclase from gabbronorites gave Neoproterozoic ages although Sm-Nd whole rock isochron yielded Paleoproterozoic ages. Based in geochemical data, it is proposed that the biotite gneiss and biotite-amphibole-gneiss which occur near the PSZ have a shoshonitic to high-K calc-alkaline features which are characteristic of active continental margins. K-Ar on biotite extracted from these rocks, gave Neoproterozoic ages. The available radiometric data for the Rio Pien mylonitic granitoids show that between 650-595 Ma the generation, deformation and cooling below the isotherm of 250 deg C occurred. On the other hand, the geochronological data for the Agudos do Sul Massif are in the 590-570 Ma interval showing its younger generation. The Sr{sup 87} / Sr{sup 86} initial ratios for both granitoids suggest more involvement of the continental crust in the origins of Agudos do Sul granitic Massif. The analyses of the entire set of the available data for the Pien area allows the suggestion of a geotectonic scenery related to the evolution of an active continental margin during the collages associated to the Brasiliano Cycle 201 refs., 130 figs., 6 tabs., 2 maps

  6. The Deep Roots of Hui Operao

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1993-01-01

    HUI Opera Groups arrivalin Beliing for performances200 years ago created a fu-rore,produced Peking opera andpromoted the developmen of val-ious kinds of local operas in China. The earliest Hui opera emergedat the beginning of the sixth centu-ry.It originated in the Qingyangstyle of singing,which was popu-lar in the Jiuhua Mountain areas insouthern Hui.Its fame had spreadthroughout the country by 1522.Book traders of the time compiledthe performed pieces and publishedmore than 10 collections.Some ofthese books went abroad,and nowthe Bibliotheque Nationale in Paris,the Japanese Cabinet Library andthe State Library in Germany allhave several.Later songs by fisher-men along the Yangtze River in theAnqing area were assimilated intothe Qingyaug style and thus a newform of singing,named Bazi sing-ing,emerged.At the same time theQingyang and Shuino styles in theKunshan area in Jiangsu Provincecombined to form Chui singing.

  7. Hui Students’ Identity Construction in Eastern China: A Postcolonial Critique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuxiang Wang

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available In this article, we explored Hui students’ lived experiences in school in eastern China and the impact of their experiences on their identity construction. We used postcolonial theory as a theoretical framework and narrative inquiry as a research methodology to guide questions that we asked, data collection, data analysis, and interpretation and discussion of the findings in the study. We found that schooling for the two Hui students in eastern China is a process of reproducing mainstream Han ideology; taking away their culture, beliefs, knowledge, and identity; and imposing the mainstream Han culture and knowledge on Hui students as truth. The participants, two Hui students in an elementary school in eastern China, accepted the identity constructed by mainstream Han teachers and were confused about their Hui identity.

  8. Translation and cultural adaptation of Health Utilities Index (HUI) Mark 2 (HUI2) and Mark 3 (HUI3) with application to survivors of childhood cancer in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimoda, Sandra; de Camargo, Beatriz; Horsman, John; Furlong, William; Lopes, Luiz Fernando; Seber, Adriana; Barr, Ronald D

    2005-06-01

    There are few publications reporting health-related quality of life (HRQL) in developing nations. Most instruments measuring HRQL have been developed in English-speaking countries. These instruments need to be culturally adapted for use in non-English-speaking countries. The HUI2 and HUI3 are generic, preference-based systems for describing health status and HRQL. Developed in Canada, the systems have been translated into more than a dozen languages and used worldwide in hundreds of studies of clinical and general populations. The Brazilian-Portuguese translation of the HUI systems was supervised by senior HUInc staff having experience with both the HUI systems and translations. The process included two independent forward translations of the multi-attribute health status classification systems and related questionnaires, consensus between translators on a forward translation, back-translation by two independent translators of the forward translation, and review of the back-translations by original developers of the HUI. The final questionnaires were tested by surveying a sample of convenience of 50 patients recruited at the Centro de Tratamento e Pesquisa-Hospital do Cancer in São Paulo, Brazil. Fifty patients were enrolled in the study. No assessor, patient or nurse or physician, reported problems answering the HUI questionnaires. No significant differences were found in mean overall HUI2 or HUI3 utility scores among types of assessors. Variability in scores are similar to those from other studies in Latin America and Canada. Test results provide preliminary evidence that the Brazilian-Portuguese translation is acceptable, understandable, reliable and valid for assessing health-status and HRQL among survivors of cancer in childhood in Brazil.

  9. Gebruik van elektriciteit: Domotica: Huis van de toekomst: Klas 4 havo

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    O. van Buuren; M. van der Lee

    2008-01-01

    Deze module behandelt elektriciteit en automatisering in huis. We richten ons daarbij ook op het huis van de toekomst. Bij de elektriciteitsleer ligt de nadruk op het gebruik van elektriciteit in huis, bij de automatisering op intelligente systemen in huis. Er komt een vervolg module domotica 2 als

  10. On the Religious Faith of the Chu People%楚人宗教信仰刍议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡雅丽

    2001-01-01

    This article discusses the belief system of the ancient Chu people based on the cosmology of the Chu people. The evidence shown in the article are not only some unearthed Chu bamboo & silk manuscripts and few documents handed down from ancient times, but also the archaeological material of the Chu remains. The author divides the belief system of the Chu people into two types: natural divinity and human ghost, finding out the fundamental idol of the Chu people as well as the main motive force of the development of the fundamental idol. According to the author, the ancient Chu people formed their distinctive cosmology in the course of exploring the nature, on the basis of which they set up the belief system with general character and specific feature themselves.

  11. La recherche alpine aujourd’hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Jacques Brun

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Alpine research benefits from several international coordination networks, only one of which – ISCAR (the International Scientific Committee on Research in the Alps – works solely in the Alpine arc. The creation of ISCAR is a consequence of the input and involvement of various Alpine partners around the Alpine Convention. Alpine research now aims to promote an integrated vision of Alpine territories focusing on creating and maintaining spatial and temporal networks of sustainable relationships between humans and the other components of the ecosphere. It combines resource usage with conservation of the biological and cultural diversity that makes up the Alpine identity. This article aims to show: (1 how international Alpine research coordination is organised; (2 the role played by the Alpine Convention as a framework of reference for specifically Alpine research; and (3 the role that the ISCAR international commit-tee and the Interreg “Alpine Space” programmes play in uniting research around territorial challenges relating to biodiversity conservation and territorial development.La recherche sur les Alpes bénéficie de plusieurs réseaux de coordination internationaux dont un seul, le comité international recherche alpine (ISCAR, se consacre exclusivement à l’arc alpin. La création de l’ISCAR est une retombée de la mobilisation des divers partenaires alpins autour de la mise en place de la Convention alpine. Aujourd’hui, la recherche alpine vise à promouvoir une vision intégrée des territoires centrée sur la création et le maintien d’un réseau spatial et temporel de relations durables entre les hommes et les autres composantes de l’écosphère. Elle associe étroitement la mise en valeur des ressources et la conservation des diversités biologiques et culturelles qui constituent l’identité alpine. Cet article a pour ambition de montrer : (1 comment s’organise la coordination internationale des recherches sur les

  12. Pien Tze Huang Inhibits Hypoxia-Induced Angiogenesis via HIF-1α/VEGF-A Pathway in Colorectal Cancer

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    Hongwei Chen

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Hypoxia-induced angiogenesis plays an important role in the development and metastasis of solid tumors and is highly regulated by HIF-1α/VEGF-A pathway. Therefore, inhibiting tumor angiogenesis via suppression of HIF-1α/VEGF-A signaling represents a promising strategy for anticancer treatment. As a traditional Chinese medicine formula, Pien Tze Huang (PZH has long been used as a folk remedy for cancer in China and Southeast Asia. Previously, we reported that PZH inhibits colorectal cancer (CRC growth both in vivo and in vitro. To elucidate the antitumor mechanisms of PZH, in the present study we used human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC and colorectal carcinoma HCT-8 cells to evaluate the effects of PZH on hypoxia-induced angiogenesis and investigated the underlying molecular mechanisms. We found that PZH could inhibit hypoxia-induced migration and tube formation of HUVEC cells in a dose-dependent manner, although the low concentrations of PZH had no effect on HUVEC viability. Moreover, PZH inhibited hypoxia-induced activation of HIF-1α signaling and the expression of VEGF-A and/or VEGFR2 in both HCT-8 and HUVEC cells. Collectively, our findings suggest that PZH can inhibit hypoxia-induced tumor angiogenesis via suppression of HIF-1α/VEGF-A pathway.

  13. Interleukin-6 genotypes and serum levels in Chinese Hui population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Shu-Ping; Liang, Shu; Pan, Min; Sun, Rong-Liang; Chen, Chu; Luan, Hong; Jiang, Min-Hui

    2014-01-01

    Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a key pro-inflammatory cytokine involved in different physiologic and pathophysiologic processes, and circulating levels of IL-6 differ greatly between individuals. The Chinese Hui is one of the largest ethnic minorities, little is known about the distribution of IL-6 genetic variations and their effects on serum levels in Hui population. The aim of the present study is to determine the prevalence of -174G/C (rs1800795), -597G/A (rs1800797), and -634C/G (rs1800796) polymorphisms in the IL-6 gene promoter region and their association with IL-6 serum levels in the Ningxia Hui population. A total of 96 Hui subjects, (57 men and 39 women; mean age 49.65 ± 19.73 years) unrelated nationality residents in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region were enrolled. Genotyping of the three polymorphisms were performed by polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) combined with gel electrophoresis and then confirmed by direct sequencing. The -174G/C (97.92% GG, 2.08% GC, and 0% CC) and -597G/A (98.96% GG, 1.04% GA, and 0% AA) polymorphisms were rare. The frequencies of -634C/G genotypes CC, CG, and GG were found to be 54.17%, 40.62%, and 5.21%, respectively in total studied subjects, the derived allele frequencies for the C and G alleles were 74.48% and 25.52%. Increased IL-6 levels were correlated with the IL-6 -634G allele carriers (CG+GG genotypes). The results suggest that IL-6 -174G/C and -597G/A are rare but -634C/G is common in the Ningxia Hui population, and the -634G allele is associated with circulating levels of IL-6.

  14. Interleukin-6 genotypes and serum levels in Chinese Hui population

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a key pro-inflammatory cytokine involved in different physiologic and pathophysiologic processes, and circulating levels of IL-6 differ greatly between individuals. The Chinese Hui is one of the largest ethnic minorities, little is known about the distribution of IL-6 genetic variations and their effects on serum levels in Hui population. The aim of the present study is to determine the prevalence of -174G/C (rs1800795), -597G/A (rs1800797), and -634C/G (rs1800796) pol...

  15. See Us as We Are: Clara Chu--University of California at Los Angeles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Library Journal, 2005

    2005-01-01

    This article highlights the influence of Clara Chu, associate professor in the University of California at Los Angeles's (UCLA) Department of Information Studies. Her influence extends far beyond her campus. She works with many organizations to advance multiculturalism in librarianship. As a prolific researcher, writer, and speaker, Chu has given…

  16. Sabiedriskās attiecības muzikālās grupas ”Pieneņu vīns” identitātes veidošanā

    OpenAIRE

    Line, Aleksandra

    2011-01-01

    Bakalaura darba tēma ir "Sabiedriskās attiecības muzikālās grupas „Pieneņu Vīns” identitātes veidošanā". Bakalaura darba autore – Aleksandra Line, darba vadītājs - Jānis Pencis. Pētījuma objekts – muzikālā grupa “Pieneņu Vīns”.Pētāmā problēma – neskaidra muzikālās grupas “Pieneņu Vīns” identitāte traucē virzīt grupu tirgū. Pētījuma subjekts – muzikālās grupas “Pieneņu Vīns” identitāte un sabiedriskās attiecības. Bakalaura darba uzdevumi ir: teorētiski apskatīt identitātes, sociālās identit...

  17. Characterization of a multi-function processive endoglucanase CHU_2103 from Cytophaga hutchinsonii.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Cong; Wang, Ying; Li, Zhe; Zhou, Xiangru; Zhang, Weican; Zhao, Yue; Lu, Xuemei

    2014-08-01

    Cytophaga hutchinsonii is a Gram-negative gliding bacterium which can efficiently degrade crystalline cellulose by an unknown strategy. Genomic analysis suggests the C. hutchinsonii genome lacks homologs to an obvious exoglucanase that previously seemed essential for cellulose degradation. One of the putative endoglucanases, CHU_2103, was successfully expressed in Escherichia coli JM109 and identified as a processive endoglucanase with transglycosylation activity. It could hydrolyze carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) into cellodextrins and rapidly decrease the viscosity of CMC. When regenerated amorphous cellulose (RAC) was degraded by CHU_2103, the ratio of the soluble to insoluble reducing sugars was 3.72 after 3 h with cellobiose and cellotriose as the main products, indicating that CHU_2103 was a processive endoglucanase. CHU_2103 could degrade cellodextrins of degree of polymerization ≥3. It hydrolyzed p-nitrophenyl β-D-cellodextrins by cutting glucose or cellobiose from the non-reducing end. Meanwhile, some larger-molecular-weight cellodextrins could be detected, indicating it also had transglycosylation activity. Without carbohydrate-binding module (CBM), CHU_2103 could bind to crystalline cellulose and acted processively on it. Site-directed mutation of CHU_2103 demonstrated that the conserved aromatic amino acid W197 in the catalytic domain was essential not only for its processive activity, but also its cellulose binding ability.

  18. L’ESPACE MULTIPLIE CHEZ SARTRE : HUIS-CLOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Corina-Amelia GEORGESCU

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Du point de vue historique, le XXe siècle est le siècle le plus bouleversé de l’histoire connue de l’humanité, se caractérisant par plusieurs événements majeurs. C’est dans ce contexte que Jean-Paul Sartre se fraie un chemin dans la vie littéraire française en y apportant un souffle nouveau. Notre travail se propose d’analyser la pièce Huis clos dans le but de démontrer que lorque l’on parle de l’espace de l’emprisonnement, on doit prendre en considération qu’il ne s’agit pas d’un seul type d’espace et que celui-ci se multiplie justement pour rendre l’impossibilité d’y échapper.

  19. La langue scientifique arabe hier et aujourd'hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Layal Merhy

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Cet article propose un exposé concis des statuts de la langue scientifique arabe entre hier et aujourd'hui. Après avoir rapidement décrit le rôle des médias dans l'évolution de la langue, l'étude cherche à observer - dans le cadre de la diffusion sociale du savoir - le développement de la communication scientifique dans le Monde Arabe. Aussitôt, cette tentative d'analyse tâche de repérer les contraintes qui freinent l'évolution scientifique et linguistique dans les pays arabes et d'ouvrir la voie à des perspectives d'amélioration futures.

  20. [Sun Simiao's voyage to Chu and Shu regions].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Zhenmin

    2014-07-01

    During the 4(th)-11(th) years of Zhenguan reign of the Tang Dynasty, Sun Simiao paid a voyage to the regions of Chu (now mostly the Hubei Province) and Shu (now Sichuan Province) for a total of 14 years. In the 4(th) year of Zhenguan, he went to treat the "hydropsy" of Li Gui, the King of Hanyang, hence, the record given as the 9(th) year of Zhenguan by Bei ji qian jin yao fang (Essential Prescriptions for Emergency Worth a Thousand Gold) is not correct. Later, he went to Jiangzhou (now Jiujiang city of Jiangxi Province) to treat Chen Shuping's, the King of Chenxiangdong beriberi due to wind-poisoning. In the 15(th) of July, the 5(th) year of Zhenguan, he himself suffered a swelling pain in his finger when travelling in Shu region, due to a poisonous sting, which was cured by rubbing with the juice from the root and stem of dendelion. In the 7(th) year of Zhenguan, he suffered a facial erysipelas due to over drinking when he was in Neijiang County which was treated by the mayor, Master Li, with various medications to no avail, which was eventually cured by himself. In the 10(th) year of Zhenguan, he treated the Governor of Zizhou Li Wenbo's consuming thirst. He also got a large amount of copper salts in the Counties of Xuanwu and Feiwu nearby. In the 17(th) year of Zhenguan or later, he processed the "Tai yi spiritual powder" in Wei's family of Shu County. After finishing the processing, he returned to Guanzhong (now Shaanxi) at certain period of "August of 17(th) year of Zhenguan", "January of 18(th) year of Zhenguan", or "January of 19(th) year of Zhenguan".

  1. Rapid simultaneous determination of twelve major components in Pien Tze Huang by ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with triple quadrupole mass spectrometry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Mingqing; Zhao, Haiyu; Xu, Wei; Chu, Kedan; Hong, Zhenfeng; Peng, Jun; Chen, Lidian

    2013-12-01

    An efficient method using ultra-performance LC coupled with triple quadrupole MS was developed for the rapid determination of 12 major active components in Pien Tze Huang (PZH), a well-known traditional Chinese formula. Chromatographic separation was achieved on a Waters XBridge BEH RP18 column (50 mm × 2.1 mm id, 1.7 μm) with a gradient mobile phase (A: 0.1% aqueous formic acid and B: acetonitrile with 0.1% formic acid) at a flow rate of 0.8 mL/min. The chromatographic peaks of 12 components were identified by comparing their retention time and MS data with the related reference compounds. Multiple-reaction monitoring was employed for the quantitative analysis. Ten batches of PZH were analyzed with a good linear regression relationship (r, 0.9987–0.9995), intraday precisions (RSD, 2.05–4.80%), interday precisions (RSD, 1.99–4.98%), repeatability (RSD, 2.21–4.20%), stability (RSD, 3.52–4.81%), and recovery (95.63–104.80%). By using this established method, the present study offered highly sensitive, specific, and speedy determination of 12 major components, which promoted the quality control investigation of PZH greatly.

  2. 喃字分类研究%Research on the Classification of Chu Nom

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阮廷贤

    2013-01-01

      喃字是中越文化交流的见证和产物,无论对汉语本体的研究还是对越南语的研究都具有很高的价值。喃字分类是学术界一直关心的问题,但至今仍有一些可商榷的地方。文章总结了前人的各种分类,指出其优、缺点。在此基础上,对喃字重新分类,进而对喃字的每一类展开讨论。%Chu Nom is the witness and the product of cultural exchanges, having a high value in both Chinese ontology and Vietnamese. The clas⁃sification of Chu Nom is always the concern in academia, but stil questionable. The article summarizes the previous classification, pointing out its advan⁃tages and disadvantages. Chu Nom is reclassified on this basis, then each category of Chu Nom is discussed.

  3. La tuberculose iléo-caecale : à propos de deux cas au CHU ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... difficultés diagnostiques et thérapeutiques de cette affection dans le milieu burkinabè. ... of ileo-caecal tuberculosis in five years in the visceral surgery department of CHU-YO. ... Pathological examination of the surgical specimen of the right ...

  4. Redatuming controlled-source electromagnetic data using Stratton–Chu type integral transformations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhdanov, Michael; Cai, Hongzhu

    2016-01-01

    We present a new method of analyzing controlled-source electromagnetic (CSEM) data based on redatuming of the observed data from the actual receivers into the virtual receivers. We use the Stratton–Chu type integral transform to calculate the EM field in the virtual receivers. The virtual receivers...

  5. 卵巢上皮性肿瘤中PIEN和Survivin的表达及意义%Expression and significance of SUrvivin and PIEN in epithelial ovarian tumors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁月红

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the expression and significance of Survivin and PIEN in epithelial ovarian tumors.Methods Immunohistochemical detection of PTEN and Survivin in 52 cases of epithelial ovarian cancer, 20 cases of benign ovarian epithelial tumors and 18 normal ovarian tissue in rats.Results In normal ovarian tissues Survivin protein expression in non- benign epithelial ovarian tumors and epithelial ovarian cancer in the Survivin protein expression rates were 26.32% ( 5/19 ), 66.67% (30/45), epithelial ovarian cancer in the Survivin protein expression was significantly higher than that of normal ovarian and benign epithelial ovarian tumor group, the difference was significant ( P < 0.05 ); PTEN protein in normal ovarian tissue, benign epithelial ovarian tumors and epithelial ovarian carcinoma were 100.0% (18/18), 95.0% (20/19), 38.5% (20/52).PTEN protein in normal ovarian tissues and benign epithelial ovarian expression of swelling was higher than that of epithelial ovarian cancer (all P < 0.01 ).Conclusions PTEN expression was decreased and increased expression of Survivin and related to the occurrence of epithelial ovarian cancer, the detection of ovarian cancer patients Survivin and PIEN expression for the evaluation of malignancy, and prognosis has important clinical value.%目的 探讨卵巢上皮性肿瘤中PIEN和Survivin的表达及意义.方法 采用免疫组织化学法检测PTEN和survivin在52例卵巢上皮性癌、20例卵巢良性上皮性肿瘤和18例正常卵巢组织标本中的表达.结果 正常卵巢组织中无Survivin蛋白表达,良性上皮性卵巢肿瘤和卵巢上皮性癌中Survivin蛋白表达率分别为26.32%(5/19)、66.67%(30/45),卵巢上皮性癌中Survivin蛋白阳性表达率明显高于正常卵巢及良性上皮性卵巢肿瘤组,差异有显著性(P<0.05);PTEN蛋白在正常卵巢组织、卵巢良性上皮性肿瘤和卵巢上皮性癌中的表达率分别为100.0%(18/18)、95.0%(20/19)、38

  6. 2012 ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit: Fireside Chat with Steven Chu and Bill Gates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chu, Steven (U.S. Department of Energy Secretary); Gates, Bill (Microsoft, Chairman); Podesta, John (Center for American Progress, Chair and Counselor)

    2012-02-28

    The third annual ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit was held in Washington D.C. in February, 2012. The event brought together key players from across the energy ecosystem - researchers, entrepreneurs, investors, corporate executives, and government officials - to share ideas for developing and deploying the next generation of energy technologies. This video captures a session called 'Fireside Chat' that featured Steven Chu, the Secretary of Energy, and Bill Gates, Chairman of Microsoft Corporation. The session is moderated by John Podesta, Chair of the Center for American Progress. Energy Secretary Steven Chu and Microsoft Founder and Chairman Bill Gates exchanged ideas about how small businesses and innovators can overcome the challenges that face many startups.

  7. Personage Column:CHU Datong%人物专栏:储大同

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ Professor Da-Tong Chu is Chief Scientist of Medical Oncology and Chairman of Ethical Committee, Cancer Institute and Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences(CAMS), Beijing. He is President of Chinese Society of Clinical Oncology (CSCO), Vice-Chairman of the GCP Center of National Anti-Cancer Drugs, and is the member of the Expert Committee of State Food and Drug Administration(SFDA), and member of Chinese Pharmacopoeia Committee.

  8. Proof and Pedagogy in Ancient China: Examples from Liu Hui's Commentary on "JIU ZHANG SUAN SHU".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siu, Man-Keung

    1993-01-01

    Illustrates the pedagogical implications embodied in Liu Hui's discussion on the ancient Chinese mathematical classic "JIU ZHANG SUAN SHU" (Nine Chapters on the Mathematical Art) with respect to aspects of proof and, more generally, the role of proof in mathematics. Provides examples involving area and volume. (Contains 25 references.) (MDH)

  9. When Liu Hui Meets Archimedes: Students' Epistemological and Cultural Interpretations of Mathematics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Po-Hung

    2014-01-01

    The present study aimed to investigate in what way and to what extent Taiwanese college students' epistemological views of mathematics had evolved during a history-based liberal arts mathematics course titled: "When Liu Hui Meets Archimedes--Development of Eastern and Western Mathematics." The course was designed to help college students…

  10. Take Pictures of the Motherland : Zhao Hui and His Photo Collection "China Story"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TangJinghua; ZhaoHui

    2003-01-01

    A story can be narrated in different ways. As to the story about China, Zhao Hui's version is unique. This is a story presented by camera lens, a story that unfolds a cultural China with vitality and grandeur. One can be all but overwhelmed by its new means of presentation, its new concept of photographing,

  11. GENETIC POLYMORPHISM OF SIX Y CHROMOSOMAL STR IN CHINESE HUI ETHNIC GROUP

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhu Bofeng; Lü Guiping; Yao Guifa; Zhu Jun; Dong Hongwang; Sun Qingdong; Huang Lei; Liu Yao

    2005-01-01

    Objective To study genetic polymorphism of 6 Y chromosomal STR in Hui ethnic group living in Ningxia Hui ethnic autonomous region, in order to evaluate their usefulness in forensic science and enrich the Chinese genetic information resources. Methods We investigated 101 unrelated, healthy, male individuals of Hui ethnic group and studied their allelic frequency distribution and haplotype diversity of 6 Y chromosomal STR. Primer for each loci was labeled with the fluorescent by FAM (blue) or TAMRA(yellow). The data of Hui ethnic group were generated co-amplification, GeneScan, genotype, and genetic distribution analysis. Results 31 alleles and 43 phenotype(DYS385) were detected, with the frequencies ranging from 0.0099-0.7129. Out of a total of 101 individuals, 96 showed different haplotypes; 91 were unique; 5 were found 2 times. The haplotype diversity for 6 Y-STR loci was 0.9990. Conclusion The date obtained can be valuable for individual identification, paternity testing in forensic fields and for population genetics because of 6 Y-STR loci high polymorphism.

  12. 西楚考论%Investigation of Western Chu State

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程芳银

    2012-01-01

    古今学者对“西楚”源于何时,区域到底多大的研究,一直争论不休。考论通过史料证明:过去大多学者认为楚的发祥地是“荆”,即今湖北一带,这个认识是错误的。甲骨文里,只有“楚”,没有“荆”字,直到商末周初时才有“荆”字。由此看出楚比荆早,楚起源于东方,东夷文化是其源。出土的材料证明“西楚”之名,至晚在春秋战国之际已有。其区域主要在豫东南、苏西北、鲁西南、皖东北部。%Disputes never cease about the origin and size of "Western Chu" throughont the history. Based on historical evidences, this investigation proves that the old belief that Chu starts from Jing is wrong. The character Chu can be found in carapace-bone-script, while the character of Jing can only be found in relics from the end of Shang and the beginning of Zhou period, hence the conclusion of the earlier appearance of Chu than Jing. Evidences prove that Chu came from the east, with Dongyi culture as its root. The unearthed proofs prove that the name of "Western Chu" did not appear until the transitional pe- riod of the Spring and Autumn Period and the Period of Warring States. The area of the state mainly cow ered the southeast of present Henan province, northwest of present Jiangsu province, southwest of 15resent Shandong province, and northeast of present Anhui province.

  13. Electric Dipole Antennas With Magnetic-Coated PEC Cores: Reaching the Chu Lower Bound on Q

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kim, Oleksiy S.

    2012-01-01

    The radiation properties of spherical electric dipole antennas with electric current excitation and material-coated perfectly electrically conducting (PEC) cores are investigated analytically using vector spherical wave functions. Closed-form expressions for electric and magnetic stored energy as...... as well as the radiation quality factor $Q$ are derived. Using these, it is shown that properly selected magnetic coating and radius of the PEC core vastly reduce the internal stored energy, and thus make the $Q$ of an electric dipole antenna approach the Chu lower bound....

  14. Photographic Record of Smooth-Coated Otter (Lutrogale perspicillata Geoffroy 1826 in Nyamjang Chu Valley, Arunachal Pradesh, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamal Medhi

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available A pair of Smooth-coated otters was sighted in remote temperate parts of the Nyamjang Chu valley (Chu = River in westernmost part of Tawang district, Arunachal Pradesh on 1st April 2014. The otters were photographed basking on a riverside rock and identified based on their morphological features. There were no previously published records of Smooth-coated Otters; normally a species found more in plains, from western Arunachal Pradesh and the state as a whole has very scanty information regarding presence and distribution of otters. The sighting signifies the rich biodiversity of Nyamjang Chu, in Pangchen valley and implies initiation of strong conservation measures to safeguard the future of the otters.

  15. Introduction to Professor ZHENG Hui-tian's Clinical Experience in Treating Urethral Syndrome

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YUAN Ling-song; YUAN Shun-xing; HAUNG Guo-qi

    2003-01-01

    @@ Prof. ZHENG Hui-tian organized the project of "Acupuncture Treatment of Urethral Syndrome by the Method to Reinforce the Kidney and Warm Yang", which won the second prize for scientific achievements awarded by State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine and the second prize for the scientific achievements awarded by Shanghai Municipal Science Commission in 1996 and was introduced to the whole nation as a scientific achievement of traditional Chinese medicine in 1997.

  16. Musical Exchange in the State of Chu%楚国音乐交流考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何新

    2011-01-01

    The state of Chu was a place where various ethnic groups mixed together, so the music there was characterized by an amalgamation of different musical elements. On the other hand, the people of Chu also promoted musical exchange with the Central Plains in the north, the southeast and the southwest regions in the mainland of China as well as Southeast Asia and European countries.%楚国是南方的民族融合中心,楚国音乐亦表现出了民族性和融合性的特点。楚国音乐文化接受、吸纳华夏民族的礼乐文化,与中原地区、东南和西南地区以及东南亚乃至于欧洲国家都有密切的联系,促进了北方中原文化与南方地域文化的交流、融合与传承。

  17. Changes in Diversity of Fish Fauna of the Chu River Basin (Central Asia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eleonora Byrlykzhanovna Kozhabaeva

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The Chu River originates in the Central Tien Shan Mountains and dissipates into the Muyunkum desert. The first information about the fish of the river was received in the middle 19-th century. Several expeditions collected data during 20-th century. Results of our investigations last decade in comparison with previous data allow tracking changes in the fish fauna after growing human impact. In the main, our data concern of the Kazakhstan part of the river. About 34 species and subspecies were discovered here; about 19 species between them are native. Origin or taxonomy of some species are disputable. In the last publications of the XX-th century 38 fish species and subspecies were mentioned. Native fish species as Aral barbel Barbus brachycephalus and Bulatmai barbel Barbus capito, Chu sharpray Capoetobrama kuschakewitschii and alien Sea trout Salmo trutta, Sevan trout Salmo ischchan were not found last decade in the Kazakhstan part of the river. Distribution area of native Balkhash marinka Schizothorax argentatus and alien Balkhash perch Perca schrenkii were reduced. The most widespread and numerous fish species are native roach, carp, dace, gudgeon and alien stone moroco. Native fishes like pike, asp, Aral ide, striped bystranka, golden spiny loach, southern ninespine stickleback and others were found only in certain sites. Fish species composition for each investigated site was not stable during recent years. Significant variations in fish composition were observed between different water bodies of the basin too. It reflects diversity of human impacts and unsteady water regimen here.

  18. Association of Apo-E gene polymorphism with biochemical and lipid metabolism parameters in patients with diabetic nephropathy of Hui and Han populations in Gansu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭茜

    2006-01-01

    Objective To study the association of apolipoprotein (Apo) E gene polymorphism with difference in biochemical metabolism of diabetic nephropathy of Hui and Han populations. Methods ApoE genotype was determined by PCR-RFLP in diabetic patients with or without diabetic nephropathy (DN) and normal peoples in Hui and Han peoples, the related biochemical parameters were simultaneously detected. Results (1) Huis had 3 genotypes, i. e. E2/E3, E3/E3 and E3/E4, and their fre-

  19. 竺可桢人口思想研究%Research for Coching Chu's Population Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王勇忠

    2012-01-01

    竺可桢十分重视人口问题,对人口密度、人口调查、计划生育、人口素质、人口老龄化等问题进行了可贵的思考,尤其重视人口与水土保持之间的关系,形成了比较完整的人口思想。%Coching Chu attaches great importance to population issues, valuable thinking on population density, census, the family planning, population quality, aging of the population. He attached particular importance to the relationship between population and soil and water conservation, the formation of a relatively completely theory of population.

  20. Development and Validation of Kid Tsu Chu Futbol Games for Character Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sulistiyono

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to develop and validation games to develop character in the students Football School under 12 years age group. This study was conducted using R and D. This study produced a product in the form of games related to the process of training, but can be used to develop the student’s character. Games that resulted from this research given the name “Tsu Chu Kid Futbol Games For Character Development”. Games have the flexible nature can be placed at the warm-up, core, and cooling at a football training process. The game must have at least two training purposes with the provisions of the first objective should be able to develop the character, and the second objective can develop one component among the components of the physical, technical, or tactics.

  1. Electrically Small Magnetic Dipole Antennas With Quality Factors Approaching the Chu Lower Bound

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kim, Oleksiy S.; Breinbjerg, Olav; Yaghjian, Arthur D.

    2010-01-01

    permeability yields the quality factor Q that constitutes the lower bound for a magnetic dipole antenna with a magneto-dielectric core. Furthermore, the smaller the antenna the closer its quality factor Q can approach the Chu lower bound. Simulated results for the TE10-mode multiarm spherical helix antenna......We investigate the quality factor Q for electrically small current distributions and practical antenna designs radiating the TE10 magnetic dipole field. The current distributions and the antenna designs employ electric currents on a spherical surface enclosing a magneto-dielectric material...... numerically. It is found that for a given antenna size and permittivity there is an optimum permeability that ensures the lowest possible Q, and this optimum permeability is inversely proportional to the square of the antenna electrical radius. When the relative permittivity is equal to 1, the optimum...

  2. Les Totonaques aujourd’hui, entre crise du développement et nouvelles revendications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolas Ellison

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available La population de langue totonaque, qui compte aujourd’hui un peu plus de 400,000 locuteurs, se concentre principalement dans le nord-est de l’Etat de Puebla et le centre-nord de l’Etat de Veracruz. C’est la région du Totonacapan, le « pays totonaque ». La langue totonaque constitue avec le tepehua un groupe isolé, mais on sait que les Totonaques ont participé à la construction des fameuses pyramides de Teotihuacan (au nord de Mexico avant de s’installer sur le pourtour du Golfe du Mexique, ...

  3. Comparison of the HUI3 and the EQ-5D-3L in a nursing home setting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-01-01

    Background Accurately assessing changes in the quality of life of older people living permanently in nursing homes is important. The multi-attribute utility instrument most commonly used and recommended to assess health-related quality of life in the nursing home population is the three-level EuroQol EQ-5D-3L. To date, there have been no studies using the Health Utilities Index Mark III (HUI3). The purpose of this study was to compare the level of agreement and sensitivity to change of the EQ-5D-3L and HUI3 in a nursing home population. Methods EQ-5D-3L and HUI3 scores were measured as part of a cluster randomised controlled trial of nurse led care coordination in a nursing home population in Perth, Western Australia at baseline and 6-month follow up. Results Both measures were completed for 199 residents at baseline and 177 at 6-month follow-up. Mean baseline utility scores for EQ-5D-3L (0.45; 95% CI 0.41–0.49) and HUI3 (0.15; 95% CI 0.10–0.20) were significantly different (Wilcoxon signed rank test, p<0.01) and agreement was poor to moderate between absolute scores from each instrument (intra-class correlation coefficient = 0.63). The EQ-5D-3L appeared more sensitive to change over the 6-month period. Conclusion Our findings show that the EQ-5D-3L and HUI3 estimate different utility scores among nursing home residents. These differences should be taken into account, particularly when considering the implications of the cost-effectiveness of particular interventions and we conclude that the HUI3 is no better suited to measuring health-related quality of life in a nursing home population when compared to the EQ-5D-3L. PMID:28234983

  4. First record of Puerulus mesodontus Chan, Ma & Chu, 2013 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Achelata, Palinuridae) from south of Java, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wardiatno, Yusli; Hakim, Agus Alim; Mashar, Ali; Butet, Nurlisa Alias; Adrianto, Luky; Farajallah, Achmad

    2016-01-01

    Three specimens of Puerulus mesodontus Chan, Ma & Chu, 2013 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Achelata, Palinuridae) were collected from Palabuhanratu Bay, southern Java, Indonesia. There is no previous record on the presence of the species in Indonesia. This finding represents the first record of this species in Java, Indonesia, and confirms that the species is present in the Indian Ocean. The morphological characters of the species are described. This paper contains a new distribution record of a lobster species from Indonesian waters.

  5. Putting patients first. A conversation with Benjamin Chu, M.D., the new chair-elect of the AHA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weinstock, Matthew

    2011-11-01

    The son of immigrants, Benjamin Chu, M.D., has followed an unusual life path from New York's Chinatown to Southern California, where he is now an executive with Kaiser Foundation Hospitals and Health Plan. Dismayed by the daunting challenges facing health care, the AHA chair-elect became a strong believer that the system can and must change, always keeping the focus firmly on the patient.

  6. [A preliminary report on the investigation of medicinal plant resources in the Liupan Mountains of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Y; Pu, X; Sun, J; Zhang, G

    1990-02-01

    In this paper, 423 species of medicinal plants belonging to 94 families in Liupan Mountains of Ningzia Hui Autonomous Region have been reported, of which 403 species belonging to 79 families are medicinal spermatophytes. The paper may serve as a reference for medical authorities in developing and utilizing plant resources.

  7. 喃字及其相关问题%Chu Nom and Its Relative Problems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阮廷贤

    2012-01-01

    越南是中国南边的邻国,历史上与中国有过密切的交往和全面的接触,政治、经济、文化等领域都受到中国很大的影响。喃字是中越文化交流的见证和产物,无论对汉语本体的研究还是对越南语的研究都具有很高的价值。但喃字的定义、喃字产生的动因和条件、喃字产生的时间等问题至今仍没有定论。%Viemam is a China's southern neighbor. China has close exchanges and comprehensive contacts in history, and has influenced the po- litical, economic and cultural fields. Chu Nom is the witness and the product of Sino-Vietnam cultural exchanges and has a high value in both the re- search of Chinese ontology and Vietnamese.

  8. Réaction sociale de l’opinion publique face aux prestations de soins au CHU de Treichville (Abidjan / The social reaction of public opinion towards CHU health services in Treichville (Abidjan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gakoué Adélaïde

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Lo studio della reazione sociale nei confronti delle prestazioni sanitarie è quasi inesistente in Costa d’Avorio. L’obiettivo della presente ricerca era di raccogliere conoscenze e giudizi di valore costruiti dagli individui attorno alla situazione di presa in carico dei malati al CHU (Centro Ospedaliero Universitario di Treichville. La ricerca è stata realizzata tramite interviste semi-strutturate rivolte a cento persone. In generale, si sono rilevate impressioni relativamente positive in merito alle prestazioni sanitarie. In effetti, attitudini, opinioni e comportamenti in maggioranza positivi si sono tradotti in opinioni favorevoli, adesione e accettazione delle prestazioni. Tuttavia, queste attitudini non hanno portato sempre direttamente le persone al CHU in caso di malattia, ma soltanto per necessità estrema in rapporto allo stato di salute. Ciò nonostante, dato che le denunce e le lamentele registrate non sono in numero trascurabile, vengono avanzate proposte operative al fine di migliorare le prestazioni. L’étude de la réaction sociale relative aux prestations de soins est quasi-inexistante en Côte d’Ivoire. L’objectif de cette étude prospective était de cerner les connaissances et jugements de valeurs construites par les individus autour de la prise en charge des malades au CHU (Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Treichville. L’enquête interrogation s’est réalisée à l’aide d’un guide d’entretien auprès de cent individus. On notait globalement une appréciation relativement positive des prestations de soins. En effet, les attitudes, opinions et comportements de l’opinion publique en majorité positifs s’est traduit par des opinions favorables, des attitudes d’adhésion et d’acceptation des prestations. Mais, ces attitudes ne les conduit pas toujours directement au CHU dès qu’ils sont malades mais en cas de nécessité exigée par l’état de santé. Toutefois, les plaintes et d

  9. Les pneumopathies nosocomiales en réanimation de CHU Hassan II de Fès

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimi, Abdelkarim; Touzani, Soumaya; Elbakouri, Nabil; Bechri, Brahim; Derkaoui, Ali; Khatouf, Mohammed

    2015-01-01

    L'objectif principal de notre étude était d'identifier les bactéries incriminées dans la pneumopathie nosocomiale (PN) au service de réanimation A1 du CHU Hassan II de Fès, en vue d'en améliorer la prise en charge et de diminuer la morbi-mortalité associée. Il s'agit d'une étude rétrospective et descriptive, menée du 1er janvier 2012 au 31 décembre 2013. Seules les infections pulmonaires survenant au-delà de 48 heures de l'admission du patient au service de réanimation ont été incluses. L'incidence de la PN était de 11,2%. Les Bacilles à Gram négatif (BGN) étaient retrouvés dans 48,5% des cas, le Staphylocoque Aureus dans 21,21% des cas et le Klebsiella Pneumoniae était dans 10,7% des cas. Le taux de mortalité était de 48,33%. L’âge, la gravité de la pathologie sous jacente et le retard de l'instauration d'une antibiothérapie adaptée étaient considérées comme facteurs de mauvais pronostic. L’étude de la résistance aux antibiotiques, montre une multirésistance surtout pour les BGN, dont il faut tenir compte en mettant en place une stratégie de prévention active. PMID:26966481

  10. Zadoff-Chu sequence-based hitless ranging scheme for OFDMA-PON configured 5G fronthaul uplinks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reza, Ahmed Galib; Rhee, June-Koo Kevin

    2017-05-01

    A Zadoff-Chu (ZC) sequence-based low-complexity hitless upstream time synchronization scheme is proposed for an orthogonal frequency division multiple access passive optical network configured cloud radio access network fronthaul. The algorithm is based on gradual loading of the ZC sequences, where the phase discontinuity due to the cyclic prefix is alleviated by a frequency domain phase precoder, eliminating the requirements of guard bands to mitigate intersymbol interference and inter-carrier interference. Simulation results for uncontrolled-wavelength asynchronous transmissions from four concurrent transmitting optical network units are presented to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed scheme.

  11. Association of TCF7L2 gene polymorphisms with susceptibility to type 2 diabetes mellitus in a Chinese Hui population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Y; Xu, J R; Wang, Y J; Liu, X M

    2015-08-21

    Diabetes is one of costly chronic diseases. Previous studies across several ethnicities have shown that polymorphisms in the transcription factor 7-like 2 (TCF7L2) gene were strongly associated with susceptibility to type 2 diabetes (T2DM). In the present study, the association between the TCF7L2 gene and the susceptibility to T2DM in a Chinese Hui population was interrogated. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)- restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis and allelic specific PCR were employed for examining the TCF7L2 gene rs12255372 (G>T) and rs290487 (C>T), and rs7901695 (T>C) polymorphisms, respectively, in 109 healthy individuals and 111 subjects with T2DM who were of Chinese Hui descent and lived in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region of China. The results showed that the genotypic frequency of rs290487 and the allelic frequency distributions of the rs7901695 and rs290487 loci were not significantly different between patients and controls in this population. However, both the genotypic and the allelic frequencies at rs12255372 exhibited statistical differences between the patients with T2DM and the unaffected cohort (P 2255372 locus in the patients was higher than that in healthy individuals (OR = 1.198, 95%CI = 1.097-1.307). These findings suggest that the TCF7L2 rs12255372 (G>T) polymorphism might be one of the most important genetic factors associated with T2DM susceptibility, and that individuals in the Chinese Hui population who carry a G allele at this locus might be at risk to develop T2DM.

  12. Le Dictionnaire québécois d’aujourd’hui : Enquête sur les registres

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Cécile Guillot

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The Dictionnaire québécois d’aujourd’hui came out in 1992. The publication of this dictionary sparked a controversy on, among other things, word labeling. The language registers given for many words did not seem to reflect how Quebec francophones felt about them. The debate was such that, one year later, a second edition was produced. The main changes made concern the language registers of a number of entries, on which this time, Quebec francophones would agree. A survey was therefore carried out to determine whether the registers indicated in Le Dictionnaire québécois d’aujourd’hui correspond to Quebec francophones’ linguistic intuitions. A 50-word questionnaire was given to 150 respondents, who were asked to assign a language register to each word. The results of this survey have led to the conclusion that the registers given in Le Dictionnaire québécois d’aujourd’hui often do not correspond to the intuitions of Quebec francophones.

  13. Drought Adaptation in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China: Actions, Planning, Pathways and Barriers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jianping Yang

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (NX region of Northwestern China is threatened by increased meteorological drought induced by climate change (CC and constraints on water supply from the Yellow River. Thus, the NX region is representative of attempts to adapt to CC and variability in China’s arid regions. Field visits, a questionnaire and in situ inspections were conducted in 2012–2014 to understand people’s perception and awareness of drought and its impact, particularly with respect to adaptation strategies. We mainly focused on drought adaptation actions and planning implemented at the government level under the double pressures of drought and allocation. We described a suitable adaptation pathway for socio-economic sustainable development and discussed existing adaptation barriers. Construction of modern efficient water-saving agriculture lies at the core of drought adaptation, with socio-economic sustainable development being the ultimate goal. To achieve this, policies and institutional, engineering, technological, structural and social initiatives and measures—classified into macro adaptation strategies and specific coping measures—are implemented. Adaptation often encounters obstacles, e.g., policy issues from household contract responsibility systems, funding difficulties of low-income farmers, traditional behavioral habits and low education and literacy levels among farmers. The adaptation pathway involves the construction of modern efficient water-saving agriculture. Agricultural water savings are then transferred to developed industries, which back-feed socio-economic sustainable development in the NX region.

  14. Marie Curie, les femmes et la science, d'hier à aujourd'hui

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva; Mariotti, Chiara; Vicinanza, Domenico

    2017-01-01

    Marie Curie, les femmes et la science, d'hier à aujourd'hui Conférence par Hélène Langevin-Joliot Avec la participation de l'Echo du Reculet de Thoiry. L'enregistrement et la liste d'attente sont déjà complets... Mais il n'est pas rare que des personnes réservent et ne viennent pas. Nous réassignerons les places libérées selon la règle "premier arrivé, premier inscrit". Au vu de la forte demande, la conférence sera également disponible en vidéoconférence : lien d'accès "webcast" disponible en bas de cette page. Hélène Langevin-Joliot, directrice de recherche émérite en physique nucléaire fondamentale au CNRS à Orsay, est aussi la fille de Frédéric et Irène Joliot-Curie (prix Nobel de chimie en 1935) et la petite-fille de Pierre Curie (prix Nobel de physique en 1903) et de Marie Curie (prix Nobel de physique en 1903 et prix Nobel de chimie en 1911). Hélène Langevin-Joliot nous parlera de sa vie scientifique, de l’histoire extraordinai...

  15. Marie Curie, les femmes et la science, d'hier à aujourd'hui - English

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2017-01-01

    Marie Curie, les femmes et la science, d'hier à aujourd'hui Conférence par Hélène Langevin-Joliot Avec la participation de l'Echo du Reculet de Thoiry. L'enregistrement et la liste d'attente sont déjà complets... Mais il n'est pas rare que des personnes réservent et ne viennent pas. Nous réassignerons les places libérées selon la règle "premier arrivé, premier inscrit". Nous envisageons la possibilité de faire un webcast de la conférence. Plus d'information bientôt. Hélène Langevin-Joliot, directrice de recherche émérite en physique nucléaire fondamentale au CNRS à Orsay, est aussi la fille de Frédéric et Irène Joliot-Curie (prix Nobel de chimie en 1935) et la petite-fille de Pierre Curie (prix Nobel de physique en 1903) et de Marie Curie (prix Nobel de physique en 1903 et prix Nobel de chimie en 1911). Hélène Langevin-Joliot nous parlera de sa vie scientifique, de l’histoire extraordinaire de sa famille et en particulier du rôle des ...

  16. [Stabilization of the distal radioulnar joint by Hui-Lindscheid ligamentoplasty. Report of 10 cases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sénéchaud, C; Savioz, D; Della Santa, D

    1996-01-01

    The surgical treatment of chronic sprain of the distal radio-ulnar joint remains a difficult problem. Some authors have proposed a radio-ulnar stabilization procedure which involves some loss of mobility of the forearm. Other, more radical authors, have suggested partial or complete resection of the ulnar head. In this case, they restore mobility in prono-supination, but often with a loss of stability and discomfort or pain. Hui and Lindscheid modified a technique of tenodesis which had been previously proposed by Bunnell. They perfected a tenodesis based on the use of the flexor carpi ulnaris tendon. We feel that this procedure should ensure stability of the distal radio-ulnar joint, while preserving its mobility. We used this technique in 9 patients who were reviewed with a follow-up of 2.7 years. The authors obtained 2/3 of good and very good results. This procedure will be compared with other techniques currently used and differences of the results will be discussed. Unfortunately, few articles have been published on this subject.

  17. A Remote Sensing Model to Estimate Sunshine Duration in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱晓晨; 邱新法; 曾燕; 高佳琦; 何永健

    2015-01-01

    Sunshine duration (SD) is strongly correlated with solar radiation, and is most widely used to estimate the latter. This study builds a remote sensing model on a 100 m × 100 m spatial resolution to estimate SD for the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China. Digital elevation model (DEM) data are employed to refl ect topography, and moderate-resolution imaging spectroradiometer (MODIS) cloud products (Aqua MYD06−L2 and Terra MOD06−L2) are used to estimate sunshine percentage. Based on the terrain (e.g., slope, aspect, and terrain shadowing degree) and the atmospheric conditions (e.g., air molecules, aerosols, moisture, cloud cover, and cloud types), observation data from weather stations are also incorporated into the model. Verifi cation results indicate that the model simulations match reasonably with the observations, with the average relative error of the total daily SD being 2.21%. Further data analysis reveals that the variation of the estimated SD is consistent with that of the maximum possible SD; its spatial variation is so substantial that the estimated SD diff ers signifi cantly between the south-facing and north-facing slopes, and its seasonal variation is also large throughout the year.

  18. Land cover change during a period of extensive landscape restoration in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cadavid Restrepo, Angela M; Yang, Yu Rong; Hamm, Nicholas A S; Gray, Darren J; Barnes, Tamsin S; Williams, Gail M; Soares Magalhães, Ricardo J; McManus, Donald P; Guo, Danhuai; Clements, Archie C A

    2017-11-15

    Environmental change has been a topic of great interest over the last century due to its potential impact on ecosystem services that are fundamental for sustainable development and human well-being. Here, we assess and quantify the spatial and temporal variation in land cover in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (NHAR), China. With high-resolution (30m) imagery from Landsat 4/5-TM and 8-OLI for the entire region, land cover maps of the region were created to explore local land cover changes in a spatially explicit way. The results suggest that land cover changes observed in NHAR from 1991 to 2015 reflect the main goals of a national policy implemented there to recover degraded landscapes. Forest, herbaceous vegetation and cultivated land increased by approximately 410,200ha, 708,600ha and 164,300ha, respectively. The largest relative land cover change over the entire study period was the increase in forestland. Forest growth resulted mainly from the conversion of herbaceous vegetation (53.8%) and cultivated land (30.8%). Accurate information on the local patterns of land cover in NHAR may contribute to the future establishment of better landscape policies for ecosystem management and protection. Spatially explicit information on land cover change may also help decision makers to understand and respond appropriately to emerging environmental risks for the local population. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  19. Energy Frontier Research Centers: Helping Win the Energy Innovation Race (2011 EFRC Summit Keynote Address, Secretary of Energy Chu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chu, Steven (DOE Secretary of Energy)

    2011-05-25

    Secretary of Energy Steven Chu gave the keynote address at the 2011 EFRC Summit and Forum. In his talk, Secretary Chu highlighted the need to "unleash America's science and research community" to achieve energy breakthroughs. The 2011 EFRC Summit and Forum brought together the EFRC community and science and policy leaders from universities, national laboratories, industry and government to discuss "Science for our Nation's Energy Future." In August 2009, the Office of Science established 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers. The EFRCs are collaborative research efforts intended to accelerate high-risk, high-reward fundamental research, the scientific basis for transformative energy technologies of the future. These Centers involve universities, national laboratories, nonprofit organizations, and for-profit firms, singly or in partnerships, selected by scientific peer review. They are funded at $2 to $5 million per year for a total planned DOE commitment of $777 million over the initial five-year award period, pending Congressional appropriations. These integrated, multi-investigator Centers are conducting fundamental research focusing on one or more of several “grand challenges” and use-inspired “basic research needs” recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The purpose of the EFRCs is to integrate the talents and expertise of leading scientists in a setting designed to accelerate research that transforms the future of energy and the environment.

  20. Using Health Utility Index (HUI for Measuring the Impact on Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQL Among Individuals with Chronic Diseases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frank Mo

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Quality of life is an important indicator in assessing the burden of disease, especially for chronic conditions. The Health Utilities Index (HUI is a recently developed system for measuring the overall health status and health-related quality of life (HRQL of individuals, clinical groups, and general populations. Using the HUI (constructed based on eight attributes: vision, hearing, speech, mobility, dexterity, cognition, emotion, and pain/discomfort to measure the HRQL for chronic disease patients and to detect possible associations between HUI system and various chronic conditions, this study provides information to improve the management of chronic diseases.This study is of interest to data analysts, policy makers, and public health practitioners involved in descriptive clinical studies, clinical trials, program evaluation, population health planning, and assessments. Based on the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS for 2000–01, the HUI was used to measure the quality of life for individuals living with various chronic conditions (Alzheimer/other dementia, effects of stroke, urinary incontinence, arthritis/rheumatism, bowel disorder, cataracts, back problems, stomach/intestinal ulcers, emphysema/COPD, chronic bronchitis, epilepsy, heart disease, diabetes, migraine headaches, glaucoma, asthma, fibromyalgia, cancers, high blood pressure, multiple sclerosis, thyroid condition, and other remaining chronic diseases. Logistic Regression Model was employed to estimate the associations between the overall HUI scores and various chronic conditions. The HUI scores ranged from 0.00 (corresponding to a state close to death to 1.00 (corresponding to perfect health; negative scores reflect health states considered worse than death. The mean HUI score by sex and age group indicated the typical quality of life for persons with various chronic conditions. Logistic Regression results showed a strong relationship between low HUI scores (≤ 0.5 and 0.06

  1. 楚系金文的文体类型简论%Discussion on Inscription of Bronze Literary Form of Chu System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭梅

    2016-01-01

    楚系青铜器出土数量十分可观,这些青铜器中大多铸有铭文且内容丰富多样,其文体类型也呈现出多样化趋势。楚系金文的文体大约可分为记事、祭祀、赞颂、宴飨等几种类型,不同的文体类型具有不同文体特征,且其内容结构都随时代推移逐步产生变化。%A large number of Chu system bronzes have unearthed, most of bronzes have inscriptions on it and also show us history and culture’s development level of Chu. Because of its rich and varied content ,the literary form of Chu system’s inscription of bronzes become diversified. Chu system bronzes literary form can be divided into the following types:keep record of events,sacrifice,eulogize, banquet and so on. Different types of literary forms have different stylistic features and its content and structure change over time.

  2. « Comment le sais-tu ? ». La paralepse, aujourd’hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frank Wagner

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available À partir des définitions genettiennes de la paralepse (excès d’informations par rapport au code modal dominant, il s’agit de cerner les usages et les fonctions du procédé dans la littérature narrative d’aujourd’hui, en relation homo- ou hétérodiégétique, en régime fictionnel ou semi-fictionnel. Des exemples prélevés dans divers récits contemporains (de Roegiers, Toussaint, Carrère, Echenoz permettent de constater que la paralepse assure un renouvellement du soupçon à l’époque actuelle, en jouant un rôle de révélateur épistémologique. En effet, ce procédé narratif paradoxal engage une réflexion en acte sur la fiction, son perspectivisme, ses capacités de modélisation, et ses pouvoirs heuristiques.Based upon Gerard Genette’s definitions of paralepsis, (information exceeding that normally offered by the dominant mode of narrative focalisation, this article seeks to outline the uses and functions of the device in contemporary narrative literature, through its homo and heterodiegetic positioning in both fictional and semi-fictional texts. Examples taken from a variety of contemporary stories (Roegiers, Toussaint, Carrère, Echenoz allow us to see that paralepsis plays a role of epistemological indicator, facilitating a contemporary renewal of suspicion (le soupçon concerning narration. In fact, this paradoxical narrative device brings about a reflection upon fiction, its perspectivism, its modelling capabilities and heuristic capacities.

  3. Impact of "Grain to Green" Programme on echinococcosis infection in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region of China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cleary, Eimear; Barnes, Tamsin S; Xu, Yangyang; Zhao, Hengbo; Clements, Archie C A; Gray, Darren J; McManus, Donald P; Atkinson, Jo-An M; Williams, Gail M; Yang, YuRong

    2014-10-15

    Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is endemic among the human population of Xiji County, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China, where the prevalence is estimated to be between 2.2% and 3.6%. Government-run sheep abattoirs in Xiji County have closed in recent years and, as a consequence, slaughter is carried out mostly at rural market places. The market place in Xinglong Township, Xiji County, is home to an increasing number of stray dogs and the lack of government control over slaughter practices potentially favours Echinococcus granulosus transmission. A survey of sheep, goats and cattle reared in Xiji County was conducted in Xinglong Market and Xinglong Township to determine prevalence and transmission dynamics of E. granulosus infection. The liver and lungs of all livestock aged one year and older were examined macroscopically post mortem; visual examination and palpation of organs determined overall prevalence of E. granulosus. Cysts consistent in appearance with E. granulosus were observed in 2/184 sheep (prevalence 1.0%) and 1/55 of the cattle examined (prevalence 1.8%); 0/13 goats were found to be infected. However, microscopic examination of these suspected cysts failed to confirm these samples as E. granulosus, giving a prevalence of confirmed infection of zero percent in all three species. The prevalence of liver fluke was 61.3% in sheep and 12.7% in cattle with a significant difference between males and females (p ≤ 0.001). Considering the high prevalence of echinococcosis in the local human population, the absence of CE observed among commercially slaughtered livestock was surprising. Several explanations for this discrepancy and their implications are proposed.

  4. [Carbon sequestration status of forest ecosystems in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Yang; Jin, Jing-Wei; Cheng, Ji-Min; Su, Ji-Shuai; Zhu, Ren-Bin; Ma, Zheng-Rui; Liu, Wei

    2014-03-01

    Based on the data of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region forest resources inventory, field investigation and laboratory analysis, this paper studied the carbon sequestration status of forest ecosystems in Ningxia region, estimated the carbon density and storage of forest ecosystems, and analyzed their spatial distribution characteristics. The results showed that the biomass of each forest vegetation component was in the order of arbor layer (46.64 Mg x hm(-2)) > litterfall layer (7.34 Mg x hm(-2)) > fine root layer (6.67 Mg x hm(-2)) > shrub-grass layer (0.73 Mg x hm(-2)). Spruce (115.43 Mg x hm(-2)) and Pinus tabuliformis (94.55 Mg x hm(-2)) had higher vegetation biomasses per unit area than other tree species. Over-mature forest had the highest arbor carbon density among the forests with different ages. However, the young forest had the highest arbor carbon storage (1.90 Tg C) due to its widest planted area. Overall, the average carbon density of forest ecosystems in Ningxia region was 265.74 Mg C x hm(-2), and the carbon storage was 43.54 Tg C. Carbon density and storage of vegetation were 27.24 Mg C x hm(-2) and 4.46 Tg C, respectively. Carbon storage in the soil was 8.76 times of that in the vegetation. In the southern part of Ningxia region, the forest carbon storage was higher than in the northern part, where the low C storage was mainly related to the small forest area and young forest age structure. With the improvement of forest age structure and the further implementation of forestry ecoengineering, the forest ecosystems in Ningxia region would achieve a huge carbon sequestration potential.

  5. 喃字研究——喃字的来源、历史发展和结构%Study on Chu Nom

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈仲洋

    2012-01-01

    越南和日本、朝鲜、韩国一样,在与汉文化交流接触过程中,接受并长期使用了汉语和汉字。基于汉字的材料,越人创造出各种不同的“喃字”,加以利用并将民族文化特色发扬光大。从喃字的来源,喃字历史分期,喃字的结构,文化背景等几个方面研究“喃字”,认为喃字是越南民族文化的产物,但从文字类型上说,它属于方块字文化圈,因此可以说,在近千年的历史里,喃字是越南与东亚各国文化交流的桥梁。%Based on Chinese materials, Vietnamese created all kinds of Chu Nora, use them fully to carry forward the characteristics of national culture. This paper studies Chn Nom from the following aspects: the source of Chu Nora, historical periods of Chu Nom, the structure of Chu Nom and its cultural background. It assumes that Chn Nora not only is the creation of Vietnamese national culture but also belongs to Chinese character culture. Therefore, Chu Nora is the bridge of the cultural exchanges between Vietnam and East Asia.

  6. Optimización de un ruteo vehicular usando algoritmo genético simple chu-beasley

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillermo Roberto Solarte Martínez

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The research presented in the article is geared towards the area of genetic algorithms in the optimization of resources and processes, and then a case study is set based on vehicular routing and optimization of the same, applying the genetic algorithm of Chu-Beasley. This study, which started on November 2013 and finished on March 2014, was applied in Bogotá city, as it is the capital of Colombia. This metropolis counts with many industrial areas, gathering centers, warehouses and other commercial activities. Likewise, the growing of the capital in the last years has been significant, which has generated an exponential territorial extension, causing mobility problems and transport. For that reason, it is imperative for some warehouses that have to distribute their products, to optimize the routes and guarantee effectiveness and efficiency in delivery.  

  7. Reaching the Chu Lower Bound on Q With Magnetic Dipole Antennas Using a Magnetic-Coated PEC Core

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kim, Oleksiy S.; Breinbjerg, Olav

    2011-01-01

    We analytically solve the radiation problem for a spherical magnetic dipole antenna with a material-coated perfectly electrically conducting core. Using the closed-form expressions derived for the internal and external stored energies as well as for the radiation quality factor $Q$, we determine...... the optimal geometrical and material parameters of the antenna. We show that the optimal permeability of the coating increases as the coating becomes thinner; as a result, the energy stored in it and the radiation quality factor $Q$ reduce. In the limit of an infinitely thin coating, the optimal permeability...... tends to infinity, the internal stored energy vanishes, and the $Q$ reaches the Chu lower bound, irrespective of the antenna electrical size $ka$ and permittivity of the coating....

  8. Genetic diversity and haplotype structure of 24 Y-chromosomal STR in Chinese Hui ethnic group and its genetic relationships with other populations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Bo-Feng; Zhang, Yu-Dang; Liu, Wen-Juan; Meng, Hao-Tian; Yuan, Guo-Lian; Lv, Zhe; Dong, Nan; Li, Qiong; Yang, Chun-Hua; Zhang, Yu-Hong; Hou, Yin-Ling; Qian, Li; Fan, Shuan-Liang; Xu, Peng

    2014-07-01

    In the present study, 24 Y-chromosomal short tandem repeat (Y-STR) loci were analyzed in 115 unrelated Hui male individuals from Haiyuan county or Tongxin county, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China, to evaluate the forensic application of the 24 STR loci and to analyze interpopulation differentiations by making comparisons between the Hui group data and previously published data of other 13 populations. A total of 115 different haplotypes were observed on these 24 Y-STR loci. The gene diversities ranged from 0.4049 (DYS437) to 0.9729 (DYS385a, b). The overall haplotype diversity was 1 at AGCU 24 Y-STR loci level, while the values were reduced to 0.999237, 0.996949, and 0.996644 at the Y-filer 17 loci, 11 Y-STR loci of extended haplotype and 9 Y-STR loci of minimal haplotype levels, respectively; whereas, haplotype diversity for additional 7 loci (not included in Y-filer 17 loci) was 0.995271. The pairwise FST , multidimensional scaling plot and neighbor-joining tree indicated the Hui group had the closest genetic relationship with Sala in the paternal lineage in the present study. In summary, the results in our study indicated the 24 Y-STRs had a high level of polymorphism in Hui group and hence could be a powerful tool for forensic application and population genetic study.

  9. Using the 3D active fault model to estimate the surface deformation, a study on HsinChu area, Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Y. K.; Ke, M. C.; Ke, S. S.

    2016-12-01

    An active fault is commonly considered to be active if they have moved one or more times in the last 10,000 years and likely to have another earthquake sometime in the future. The relationship between the fault reactivation and the surface deformation after the Chi-Chi earthquake (M=7.2) in 1999 has been concerned up to now. According to the investigations of well-known disastrous earthquakes in recent years, indicated that surface deformation is controlled by the 3D fault geometric shape. Because the surface deformation may cause dangerous damage to critical infrastructures, buildings, roads, power, water and gas lines etc. Therefore it's very important to make pre-disaster risk assessment via the 3D active fault model to decrease serious economic losses, people injuries and deaths caused by large earthquake. The approaches to build up the 3D active fault model can be categorized as (1) field investigation (2) digitized profile data and (3) build the 3D modeling. In this research, we tracked the location of the fault scarp in the field first, then combined the seismic profiles (had been balanced) and historical earthquake data to build the underground fault plane model by using SKUA-GOCAD program. Finally compared the results come from trishear model (written by Richard W. Allmendinger, 2012) and PFC-3D program (Itasca) and got the calculated range of the deformation area. By analysis of the surface deformation area made from Hsin-Chu Fault, we concluded the result the damage zone is approaching 68 286m, the magnitude is 6.43, the offset is 0.6m. base on that to estimate the population casualties, building damage by the M=6.43 earthquake in Hsin-Chu area, Taiwan. In the future, in order to be applied accurately on earthquake disaster prevention, we need to consider further the groundwater effect and the soil structure interaction inducing by faulting.

  10. PROMINENT PERSONNEL YIN Hui-jin(殷惠军)——An Outstanding Cardiologist of Integrative Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ Prof.YIN Hui-jin,Ph.D.,male,was born on March 26,1971 in Ningxia.He graduated from Ningxia Medical College in 1994 with a 5-year course and got a bachelor degree,and then further studied in Heilongjiang University of Traditional Chinese Medicine from 1994 to 2000 for master and Ph.D.degrees.And then he worked in postdoctoral mobile working station of Open Laboratory of Heredity and Molecule Development Biology of China Academy of Science from 2000 to 2002.

  11. Sur l’emploi des toponymes du Kosovo-Metohija en français d’aujourd’hui

    OpenAIRE

    Stanković Selena

    2015-01-01

    Dans cet article, nous analysons l’emploi des noms de lieux du Kosovo-Metohija en langue française depuis la fin du XXe siècle jusqu’à aujourd’hui. La période citée se caractérise par un vaste usage de l’albanais et de l’anglais et par un usage très réduit du serbe dans la communication publique et officielle au Kosovo-Metohija. Les instances internationales admettent le changement de désignations toponymiques et la suppression des noms basés sur un context...

  12. Transaction Pattern Based on Secondary Clientelism, Business Ideology and Market Development: The case of lime market in Hui Town

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Secondary clientelism is a special exchange relationship derived from primary clientelism. The market with transactions dependent on the secondary clientelism would be”because of”erembeddedness”. Using the lime market in Hui Town as a case, this paper tries to explore why this kind of markets could achieve market order from the perspective of the interconnection of market structure and market culture. Analysis demonstrates that, the coupling induction of structural embeddedness and cultural embeddedness is the deeper mechanism for the market development. Although the new business ideology and transactional dependence on networks originate from market structural transitions, active construction and choice behaviors of the manufacturers still manifest great importance.

  13. 明清徽州火灾及徽商的救助%Fire Disasters in Hui Region and Hui Business People’ s Relief in Ming and Qing Dynasties

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    骆辉仔

    2014-01-01

    The fire disasters in Hui region are usually seasonal and regional though it may caused by people or nature .The fire disaster here is partly due to its own characters .The busi-ness people of Hui were humanistic and often provided aid for precaution and relief after disas -ters and therefore ease the disasters .%徽州地区的火灾具有季节集中性和地点集中性,发生的原因有人为的,也有自然的。由于徽州地区自身因素,徽州火灾的危害也极为严重。然而,具有儒士品格的徽商在火灾发生之前的预防举措和灾后的救助,使这里的火灾受害程度得以减轻。徽商对徽州地区火灾救助给予了很大的帮助。

  14. A Novel Pharmacological Method to Study the Chinese Medicinal Formula Hua-Zheng-Hui-Sheng-Dan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rui Cao

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives. Hua-Zheng-Hui-Sheng-Dan (HZHSD was used as an experimental model to explore research methods of large formulae in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM using current molecular biology approaches. Materials and Methods. The trypan blue exclusion assay was used to determine cell viability and cell numbers. Flow cytometry was used to assess cell cycle distribution and apoptosis. The concentration of cyclin D1 was analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The median effect principle was used in drug combination studies. An orthogonal experimental design was used to estimate the effects of each herb at different concentrations. The HeLa xenograft mouse model was used to compare the antitumor activity of drugs in vivo. Results. Among the 35 herbs that comprise HZHSD, Radix Rehmanniae Preparata (RRP, Caesalpinia sappan (CS, Evodia rutaecarpa (ER, Folium Artemisiae Argyi (FAA, Leonurus japonicus Houtt (LJH, Tumeric (Tu, Radix Paeoniae Alba (RPA, and Trogopterus Dung (TD effectively inhibited the proliferation of HeLa and SKOV3 cells. Only RRR had an effect on HeLa and SKOV3 cell viability. According to the median effect principle, Angelica sinensis (Oliv. (AS, Tabanus (Ta, and Pollen Typhae (PT, which were proven to have a significant synergistic inhibitory effect on the proliferation of HeLa cells, were added to the original eight positive herbs. The combination of RPA and AS had a synergistic effect on inducing cell cycle S phase arrest and decreasing intracellular cyclin D1 in HeLa cells. By orthogonal experimental design, LJH and Tu were considered unnecessary herbs. The small formula (SHZHSD consisted of RPA, AS, RRR, Ta., TD, PT, ER, CS, and FAA and was able to inhibit cell proliferation and induce cell apoptosis. The antitumor effects of HZHSD and SHZHSD were also compared in vivo. Conclusions. Through molecular biology approaches both in vitro and in vivo, research into single drugs, and analysis using the median effect principle

  15. 楚乐舞体育艺术之探究%The Study on the Sports and Arts of Chu Dance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    掌玉宏

    2013-01-01

    对楚乐舞的体育艺术特征研究,促进楚乐舞的传承与发展;分析楚乐舞的类型,对楚乐舞产生、发展进行探寻,通过对典籍、文物的分析和对楚乐舞的体育艺术进行的剖析;楚乐舞主要包括民间楚乐舞和宫廷楚乐舞两种类型,楚乐舞蕴含着修长窈窕的身体艺术特征,轻盈飘逸的体育艺术特征,古朴自然的体育艺术特征;作为楚地最重要的历史体育文化遗存,楚乐舞蕴含着浓郁的体育艺术特征,探究楚乐舞的体育艺术特征,全面了解楚乐舞,促进楚乐舞的传承与发展传承。%The research on the characteristics of sports and art has promoted the inheritance and development of Chu dance .This paper has analyzed the Chu dance types ,explored the deriving and development of the dance and dissected its books ,relics and sports art .Chu dance mainly in-cludes two types :the folk style and the royal court style .Chu dance contains the body character-istics of slim and graceful and the sports characteristics of light ,elegant and natural .As the most important historical and cultural relics ,Chu dance contains the rich characteristics of sports and art .The exploration of the characteristics of sports and art of Chu dance has helped people has a comprehensive understanding of it and promoted the heritance and development of it .

  16. Hawaii Utility Integration Initiatives to Enable Wind (Wind HUI) Final Technical Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dora Nakafuji; Lisa Dangelmaier; Chris Reynolds

    2012-07-15

    monitoring using PMU devices and enhanced grid analysis tools; and Initiative 3: Identifying grid automation and smart technology architecture retrofit/improvement opportunities following a systematic review approach, inclusive of increasing renewables and variable distributed generation. Each of the initiative was conducted in partnership with industry technology and equipment providers to facilitate utility deployment experiences inform decision making, assess supporting infrastructure cost considerations, showcase state of the technology, address integration hurdles with viable workarounds. For each initiative, a multi-phased approach was followed that included 1) investigative planning and review of existing state-of-the-art, 2) hands on deployment experiences and 3) process implementation considerations. Each phase of the approach allowed for mid-course corrections, process review and change to any equipment/devices to be used by the utilities. To help the island grids transform legacy infrastructure, the Wind HUI provided more systematic approaches and exposure with vendor/manufacturers, hand-on review and experience with the equipment not only from the initial planning stages but through to deployment and assessment of field performance of some of the new, remote sensing and high-resolution grid monitoring technologies. HELCO became one of the first utilities in the nation to install and operate a high resolution (WindNet) network of remote sensing devices such as radiometers and SODARs to enable a short-term ramp event forecasting capability. This utility-industry and federal government partnership produced new information on wind energy forecasting including new data additions to the NOAA MADIS database; addressed remote sensing technology performance and O&M (operations and maintenance) challenges; assessed legacy equipment compatibility issues and technology solutions; evaluated cyber-security concerns; and engaged in community outreach opportunities that will

  17. Hawaii Utility Integration Initiatives to Enable Wind (Wind HUI) Final Technical Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dora Nakafuji; Lisa Dangelmaier; Chris Reynolds

    2012-07-15

    monitoring using PMU devices and enhanced grid analysis tools; and Initiative 3: Identifying grid automation and smart technology architecture retrofit/improvement opportunities following a systematic review approach, inclusive of increasing renewables and variable distributed generation. Each of the initiative was conducted in partnership with industry technology and equipment providers to facilitate utility deployment experiences inform decision making, assess supporting infrastructure cost considerations, showcase state of the technology, address integration hurdles with viable workarounds. For each initiative, a multi-phased approach was followed that included 1) investigative planning and review of existing state-of-the-art, 2) hands on deployment experiences and 3) process implementation considerations. Each phase of the approach allowed for mid-course corrections, process review and change to any equipment/devices to be used by the utilities. To help the island grids transform legacy infrastructure, the Wind HUI provided more systematic approaches and exposure with vendor/manufacturers, hand-on review and experience with the equipment not only from the initial planning stages but through to deployment and assessment of field performance of some of the new, remote sensing and high-resolution grid monitoring technologies. HELCO became one of the first utilities in the nation to install and operate a high resolution (WindNet) network of remote sensing devices such as radiometers and SODARs to enable a short-term ramp event forecasting capability. This utility-industry and federal government partnership produced new information on wind energy forecasting including new data additions to the NOAA MADIS database; addressed remote sensing technology performance and O&M (operations and maintenance) challenges; assessed legacy equipment compatibility issues and technology solutions; evaluated cyber-security concerns; and engaged in community outreach opportunities that will

  18. Nobel Prize in Physics 1997 "for development of methods to cool and trap atoms with laser light" : Steven Chu, Claude Cohen-Tannoudji and William D. Phillips

    CERN Multimedia

    1998-01-01

    Prof.S. Chu presents "the manipulation of atoms and bio-molecules by laser light" : a brief history of the laser cooling and trapping of atoms developed over the past 15 years will be presented. The cooling and trapping technology is already being applied in numerous areas of science and engineering. Applications to be discussed include atomic clocks, atom interferometers, as well as studies in polymer dynamics and protein motion.

  19. 楚辞的诗体类型与流变%The Poetic Genre of Chu Ci and its Evolvement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄震云

    2015-01-01

    As being the blessing words in ancient times ,Ci originally expressed the good wishes ,and then used with elegy properties to warn the dangers of the flourishing ages .Chu Ci was not only a term but also a poetic genre denominated by the compiled people in the Han Dynasty according to its holistic style . Qu Yuan's original works entitled his own poetic genre ,specifically ,of a total of 11 ones ,among which 6 were derived from traditions ,namely ,Nine(song) ,Eulogy ,Chant ,Ci ,Chapter ,Fu ,which had been formed since three generations ,and the other 5 were created by Qu Yuan himself ,including Epicedium ,Sao ,In‐quiry ,Travelogue and Nostalgia ,which ,unfortunately ,were not widely popular .However ,just because of these holistic and specific clarifications ,Chu Ci became a very important poetic feature in the history of lit‐erature .%辞是一种古老的祝语,以表达美好的愿望,后又用来寄托盛世危言,具有悲歌性质。楚辞是汉代人编集时给出的名称,也同时被当作诗体一种,应是就整体风格而言。屈原的作品原有自己的诗体名称,具体地,一共有诗体11种,出自传统的有九(歌)、颂、诵、辞、章、赋6种,这些诗体三代以来就已经形成。屈原自己创造的诗体有哀、骚、问、游、怀等5种,后代虽有述作,但未能广泛流行。因此,楚辞的诗体有整体的和具体的之分,在文学发展史上成为一个很重要的诗学特征。

  20. On Connotation of Chu Culture and Its Representation in Image of Phoenix%论李四光精神的形成

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    芦跃威; 韦磊

    2012-01-01

    李四光精神的形成不是一蹴而就的,有其特定的历史条件和历史轨迹。李四光精神的形成,具备了其特有的客观条件和主观条件,从留学日本之前到回到新中国,李四光精神经历了萌芽阶段、初步形成阶段、形成阶段和成熟阶段。%The formation of a nation's spiritual temperament is closely connected with the nation's historical de- velopment. A nation's history has profound influence on the nation's cultural symbol as well. By using documentation method and comparative analytical method, with the historical research perspective, the background of the formation of Chu Culture and its history have been analyzed. And the mingled relationship between Chu Culture and the image of phoenix has been explored. The research shows that the cultural temperament which phoenix presents reflects the spiri- tual connotation of "harmony between the heaven and human; incorporation of things from the East and West; no fear of authority" in Chu C, ldtnro

  1. On the Outline Regarding Problems of the Hui Minority Muslim and its guidance in the Implementation of Yan' an Hui Policies%《关于回回民族问题的提纲》及其指导下的延安回族政策实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张小军

    2012-01-01

    1940年,西工委拟定《关于回回民族问题的提纲》(下文简称《提纲》),标志着党对回族的政策达到较高水平。《提纲》系统阐发了党对回族的政策:建立民族自治制度,保障回族在政治上与汉族享有平等权利;成立专门管理机构来管理民族事务;组织成立回族文化救国团体;培养民族干部,发展回族教育事业,实行文化上的平等;尊重伊斯兰教,尊重回民生活习惯等。延安时期的回族政策与实践,为新时期回族政策与理论发展提供了鲜活的历史参考。%In 1940, the Central Northwest Working Committee drew up the Outline about Problems of Hui ( Outline), indicating the CPC' s advancement of Hui policies. The Outline systematically explained the purposes of the CPC' s Hui policies : to establish a system of regional ethnic autonomy ; to ensure equal rights between Hui and Han in politics ; to found specialized departments in charge of ethnic affairs ; to establish groups interested in the na- tional preservation of Hui culture ; to develop the ethnic - minority cadres ; to improve the Hui educational facilities ; to carry out the cultural equity; to respect Islam and the conventions of the Hui, and so on. The implementation of Hui policies during the period of Yan' an provides living historical reference to Hui policies and theoretical develop- ment in today' s era.

  2. Analysis on the Legislation of Hui Customs-Case from Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region%回族习惯立法分析--以宁夏回族自治区为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄爱学

    2013-01-01

    As an ethnic group believing in Islam , Hui people influenced by the Islamic law , have their own character-istic custom and concept of value .Based on the regulations of Constitutions and Autonomous Charter , the local law system formed gradually , including the marriage custom , Halal food , funeral custom and custom of holidays .The legislation of Hui custom is very meaningful for sustaining the ethnic relations of equality , mutual help and harmony .%回族是全民信仰伊斯兰教的民族,受伊斯兰教法影响,回族形成了自己特有的风俗习惯和价值观念。依据《宪法》和《民族区域自治法》规定,宁夏回族自治区自治机关在行使民族立法自治权过程中,逐步形成了保障回族宗教信仰和风俗习惯的法律体系,主要包括婚姻习惯、清真食品、丧葬习惯和节庆习惯等方面的地方性法规和地方政府规章。回族习惯立法对于巩固和发展平等、团结、互助、和谐的民族关系具有重要意义。

  3. An analysis of Hui national Wushu from the perspective of sociology%社会学视野下的回族武术初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈星潭

    2016-01-01

    以社会学视角对回族武术进行探讨,认为民族信仰、军事参与、生存张力等多重因素维持了回族尚武的传统。回族在日常生活中,借助身体圣行再现尚武秉性,并形成地方特色;通过拳种的传统再造,扩大民族间的认同,实现中华民族多元一体格局下的文化共生。%From the perspective of sociology, the author probed into Hui national Wushu, and put forward the fol-lowing opinions: multiple factors, such as national belief, military involvement and survival tension etc, have main-tained the warrior tradition of the Hui nationality; in the daily life of the Hui nationality, the Hui people reproduce their warrior nature by means of body ritual, having formed a local landscape, and expanded recognition between nationalities and realized cultural symbiosis under the all Chinese nations united situation through tradition repro-duction of boxing.

  4. An Survey of the Hui Chen You's Family During the Ming Dynasty%明朝回回人陈友家族考述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈亮

    2012-01-01

    有明一代,涌现出一大批著名的回回军事家、政治家、外交家等等,他们对明朝的巩固与发展作出了巨大贡献和牺牲。"西域回回"陈友以出使起家,后因军功封为世爵,成为明朝回回人当中的标志性人物。对陈友个人及其家族成员的事迹考述,对研究明代回回人的历史活动以及历史作用有重要的价值。%During the Ming dynasty, there emerged many notable Hui militarists, politicians and diplomats who made a number of contributions at personal sacrifice in order to further the consolidation and development of the country. As a Serindia Hui, Chen You got his start from a career as a diplomat and was offered a marquis title on the basis of his military exploits. During the Ming Dynasty, he became an iconic figure amongst the Hui. Through this historical survey of Chen You and his family, we see the significant value he has with regard towards the histori- cal activity and influence of the Hui during the Ming dynasty.

  5. Business Ethics of The Hui Nationality & Its Contemporary Significance%回族的商业伦理思想及其当代意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓华; 吕广文

    2012-01-01

      回族起源于唐宋时期阿拉伯地区的来华商人,是一个以商为本的民族。回族商人在长期的经济活动中形成了一套集法律、宗教、道德于一体的商业伦理思想,在这一独具特色思想的指导下,回民族的经济健康、有序地发展,民族不断繁荣强大。在今天的社会主义市场经济体制下,弘扬回族商业伦理思想,仍然具有十分重要的现实指导意义。%  The Hui Nationality originated from the Arabian merchants came to china in the Tang and Song Dynasties, it is a business-oriented nation. By the long-term economic activities, Hui merchants formed a set of business ethics incorporating the law, religion and morality. Under the guidance of this unique idea, Hui's economy achieves sound and orderly development, and their nation becomes more and more prosperous and powerful. In the context of today’s socialist market economic system, carrying forward the business ethics of the Hui Nationality sill has important practical and guiding significance.

  6. Sandstone copper assessment of the Chu-Sarysu Basin, Central Kazakhstan: Chapter E in Global mineral resource assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Box, Stephen E.; Syusyura, Boris; Hayes, Timothy S.; Taylor, Cliff D.; Zientek, Michael L.; Hitzman, Murray W.; Seltmann, Reimar; Chechetkin, Vladimir; Dolgopolova, Alla; Cossette, Pamela M.; Wallis, John C.

    2012-01-01

    Mineral resource assessments represent a synthesis of available information to estimate the location, quality, and quantity of undiscovered mineral resources in the upper part of the Earth’s crust. This report presents a probabilistic mineral resource assessment of undiscovered sandstone copper deposits within the late Paleozoic Chu-Sarysu Basin in central Kazakhstan by the U.S. Geological Survey as a contribution to a global assessment of mineral resources. The purposes of this study are to: (1) provide a database of known sandstone copper deposits and significant prospects in this area, (2) delineate permissive areas (tracts) for undiscovered sandstone copper deposits within 2 km of the surface at a scale of 1:1,000,000, (3) estimate numbers of undiscovered deposits within these permissive tracts at several levels of confidence, and (4) provide probabilistic estimates of amounts of copper (Cu), silver (Ag), and mineralized rock that could be contained in undiscovered deposits within each tract. The assessment uses the three-part form of mineral resource assessment based on mineral deposit models (Singer, 1993; Singer and Menzie, 2010).

  7. Analysis of the Ecological Migration Pattern in Ethnic Minority Areas——A Case Study of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    By taking Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region as an example,this paper analyzes the ecological migration pattern in ethnic minority areas.The basic patterns of development for poverty relief in Ningxia are in-situ migration and new area development pattern.The new area development pattern includes three types,namely small town development pattern around urban radiation districts,urban labor migration pattern,and large-scale ecological migration pattern.Finally,successful experience of ecological migration in Ningxia is summarized.First,scientific industrial planning shall be made on the basis of proper selection of ecological migration location in immigrant settlement regions.Second,scientific and comprehensive ecological migration policies should be formulated.

  8. La république en Grande-Bretagne aujourd’hui : une idée anglaise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antoine MIOCHE

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available Il peut paraître y avoir un paradoxe à parler de république aujourd’hui en Grande-Bretagne en ceci que seule ou presque la Grande-Bretagne, de ce qui fut le vaste Empire britannique, est demeurée une monarchie. Des États-Unis à la Rhodésie, en passant par l’Inde et l’Irlande (à l’exception importante du nord de l’île, les anciens territoires britanniques ont opté majoritairement pour un régime parlementaire non monarchique, l’Australie, le Canada et la Nouvelle-Zélande étant d’intéressantes ...

  9. 试论《回回药方》治疗脑系疾病滴鼻剂的剂型特点%On Characteristics of Drug Forms of Nose Drops for Brain Disease in HuiHui YaoFang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘耀龙; 马晓东; 丁小龙; 王佩佩; 贾孟辉

    2012-01-01

    Medical theory of Hui nationality, prescription names, formation, preparation and instruction of 19 recipes for brain disease from 12th remained volume "ZhongFengMen-ZuoTan YouHuang KouYan WaiXieLei" of HuiHui YaoFang were analyzed and concluded to explore characteristic of drug forms of nose drops and promote clinical application of external nose drops.%对残卷十二"众风门-左瘫右痪口眼歪斜类"治疗脑系疾病的19首滴鼻剂的回族医学理论、方剂名称、药物组成、制备服法进行分析、归纳和总结,探讨回族医学滴鼻剂的剂型特点,并在临床中推广使用.

  10. A survey of amphibians and reptiles in Chu Mom Ray National Park, Vietnam, with implications for herpetofaunal conservation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Jestrzemski

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available A herpetological survey was conducted in spring 2012 in the eastern part of Chu Mom Ray National Park, Kon Tum Province, southern Vietnam, to create a first inventory list of amphibians and reptiles and record threats to the local herpetocommunity. We also evaluated the efficiency of two faunistic inventory methods, drift fences and transect visual encounter surveys, in detecting reptiles and amphibians under the given circumstances. Five drift fence arrays with pitfalls and double-ended funnel traps were set up in lowland evergreen forest at elevations from 777 to 846 m a.s.l. and monitored over 40 nights. Additionally, 22 night excursions were conducted along an adjacent forest stream transect. A total of 62 species of amphibians and reptiles were recorded, comprising 24 anurans, one caecilian, 20 lizards, 16 snakes and one freshwater turtle. Because all specimens were released after capture in the field, proper identification and taxonomic revision are required for at least ten recorded amphibian and six reptile species. Four species are listed in the Vietnam Red Data Book (2007 and two species are listed in the Governmental Decree No32/2006/ND-CP (2006. In terms of distribution patterns, old-growth forest habitat harbored the highest number of recorded reptiles and amphibians (41 species, followed by open land (18 species and secondary forest (14 species. Most species were captured opportunistically (34, followed by the drift fences (29 and transect night surveys (18. Opportunistic encounters provided for most reptiles (22, while most amphibians were recorded at the drift fence arrays (15. Poaching of wildlife proved to be the major threat to the local herpetofauna, in particular large reptiles. In the study area, reptiles and amphibians are also at risk from habitat loss and degradation. Recommendations for reptile and amphibian conservation are provided.

  11. An alternative reaction for heme degradation catalyzed by the Escherichia coli O157:H7 ChuS protein: Release of hematinic acid, tripyrrole and Fe(III).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ouellet, Yannick H; Ndiaye, Cheikh Tidiane; Gagné, Stéphane M; Sebilo, Anne; Suits, Michael D L; Jubinville, Éric; Jia, Zongchao; Ivancich, Anabella; Couture, Manon

    2016-01-01

    As part of the machinery to acquire, internalize and utilize heme as a source of iron from the host, some bacteria possess a canonical heme oxygenase, where heme plays the dual role of substrate and cofactor, the later catalyzing the cleavage of the heme moiety using O2 and electrons, and resulting in biliverdin, carbon monoxide and ferrous non-heme iron. We have previously reported that the Escherichia coli O157:H7 ChuS protein, which is not homologous to heme oxygenases, can bind and degrade heme in a reaction that releases carbon monoxide. Here, we have pursued a detailed characterization of such heme degradation reaction using stopped-flow UV-visible absorption spectrometry, the characterization of the intermediate species formed in such reaction by EPR spectroscopy and the identification of reaction products by NMR spectroscopy and Mass spectrometry. We show that hydrogen peroxide (in molar equivalent) is the key player in the degradation reaction, at variance to canonical heme oxygenases. While the initial intermediates of the reaction of ChuS with hydrogen peroxide (a ferrous keto π neutral radical and ferric verdoheme, both identified by EPR spectroscopy) are in common with heme oxygenases, a further and unprecedented reaction step, involving the cleavage of the porphyrin ring at adjacent meso-carbons, results in the release of hematinic acid (a monopyrrole moiety identified by NMR spectroscopy), a tripyrrole product (identified by Mass spectrometry) and non-heme iron in the ferric oxidation state (identified by EPR spectroscopy). Overall, the unprecedented reaction of E. coli O157:H7 ChuS provides evidence for a novel heme degradation activity in a Gram-negative bacterium.

  12. 金银花尺蠖幼虫血细胞形态观察%Morphological Observation on Larva Hemocytes of Heterolocha jinyinhuaphaga Chu.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    向玉勇; 朱园美; 殷培峰

    2014-01-01

    运用Wright' s-Giemsa's染色和光学显微镜对金银花尺蠖(Heterolocha jinyinhuaphaga Chu.)幼虫血细胞的形态进行观察,发现金银花尺蠖幼虫血淋巴中有原血胞、浆血胞、粒血胞、珠血胞、类绛血胞和囊血胞6种类型的血细胞.

  13. Textual research on 5 words of disease in chu jian (bamboo slips of Chu State) of the Warring States Period%战国楚简病症文字考释5则

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗宝珍

    2013-01-01

    There are not a few words of disease in the unearthed chujian (bamboo slips of Chu State) of the Warring States Period.The morphology,pronunciation and meaning among these characters are completed.By collecting the diseases in the equivocally deciphered words,this article comprehensively discusses the words among them.It is claimed that in Geling jian(Geling slips),“(骼)”is pronounced as xie,and“(骼)disease” refers to the pain below the oxter and above the waist;“(瞥)”,pronounced as jian,and“(瞥)伓disease” refers to the pain of the shoulder and back;“(疥)”reads as jie and refers to scabies; “瘤”pronounced asfu,and“(膚)disease” refers to distending pain of the skin.In Wangshanjian (Wangsban slips),“(瘢)”is equal to“(懋)”,and is the same as“(凝)”in baoshan jian (baoshan bamboo slips),pronounced as du,refers to exacerbation of disease.%出土战国楚简中记述不少病症文字,形音义关系复杂.分析楚简释读尚存歧异的病症:葛陵简中“(髂)”读为“胁”,“(髂)疾”指腋下腰上的疼痛;葛陵简“(瞥)”读为“肩”,“(瞥)伓(背)疾”指肩背疼痛;“(疥)”即“疥”,指疥病;“(膚)”读“膚”(肤),“(膚)疾”指皮肤胀痛;望山简“(瘢)”又作“(懋)”,与葛陵简“(癯)”、“(瘸)”及包山简“(款)”当为同一个字,读为“笃”,指疾病加重.

  14. Coffin Ties and Ornaments in the Mourning Ritual of the Chu State during the Warring States Period%战国时期楚国丧礼中的棺束与棺饰

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江奇艳

    2004-01-01

    The problem of coffin ties and ornaments is of important value in the study of mourning ritual. Taking the records on the "Three Rituals" as clues and combining this evidence with material data from Chu tombs of the Warring States period, the present paper makes a research on coffin ties and or-naments in the mourning ritual of the Chu Land during the Warring States period. Based on the study of their material, form and banding manner, the author researches coffin ties as to their function and comes to the conclusion that the "coffin tie" and the "coffin-carriage tie" are different concepts. As regards coffin ornaments in mourning ritual among the Chu people, their making technique, disposing pattern and ranking system were not completely identical with their counterparts in the Central Plains, which must reflect regional and chronological difference.

  15. 浅析回族服饰的文化象征性%Analysis of Cultural Symbolic Significance of the Hui Ethnic Dress

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金婷

    2011-01-01

    回族作为以伊斯兰为民族文化根源的民族,在历史发展进程中呈现出伊斯兰教的内化与对汉族文化涵化同时发生而联系又紧密的特点。回族服饰具有伊斯兰文化与中华文化二元一体的结构特点,在伊斯兰文化语境下又体现出宗教文化的象征性。伊斯兰教的内化和汉族文化涵化构成了回族服饰文化的核心和其演变的主题。%The Hui ethnic group bases itself on Islam,presenting that Islamic internalization goes hand in hand with the Han ethnic cultural acculturation in the long development process.The Hui ethnic dress is featured by Islamic-Chinese culture integration.It represents both religious and cultural symbolic significance in the context of Islamic culture.Therefore,Islamic internalization and the Han ethnic cultural acculturation constitute the core of the Hui ethnic dress culture.

  16. Structure of the Escherichia coli O157:H7 heme oxygenase ChuS in complex with heme and enzymatic inactivation by mutation of the heme coordinating residue His-193

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suits,M.; Jaffer, N.; Jia, Z.

    2006-01-01

    Heme oxygenases catalyze the oxidation of heme to biliverdin, CO, and free iron. For pathogenic microorganisms, heme uptake and degradation are critical mechanisms for iron acquisition that enable multiplication and survival within hosts they invade. Here we report the first crystal structure of the pathogenic Escherichia coli O157:H7 heme oxygenase ChuS in complex with heme at 1.45 {angstrom} resolution. When compared with other heme oxygenases, ChuS has a unique fold, including structural repeats and a {beta}-sheet core. Not surprisingly, the mode of heme coordination by ChuS is also distinct, whereby heme is largely stabilized by residues from the C-terminal domain, assisted by a distant arginine from the N-terminal domain. Upon heme binding, there is no large conformational change beyond the fine tuning of a key histidine (His-193) residue. Most intriguingly, in contrast to other heme oxygenases, the propionic side chains of heme are orientated toward the protein core, exposing the {alpha}-meso carbon position where O{sub 2} is added during heme degradation. This unique orientation may facilitate presentation to an electron donor, explaining the significantly reduced concentration of ascorbic acid needed for the reaction. Based on the ChuS-heme structure, we converted the histidine residue responsible for axial coordination of the heme group to an asparagine residue (H193N), as well as converting a second histidine to an alanine residue (H73A) for comparison purposes. We employed spectral analysis and CO measurement by gas chromatography to analyze catalysis by ChuS, H193N, and H73A, demonstrating that His-193 is the key residue for the heme-degrading activity of ChuS.

  17. [Tai ping sheng hui fang (Taiping Holy Prescriptions for Universal Relief) and the compilation during the early Song Dynasty].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Yi

    2010-07-01

    Tai ping sheng hui fang, the first medical formulary of the Song Dynasty, compiled from the 3(rd) year of Taiping-xingguo reign to the 3(rd) year of Chunhua reign (978 ∼ 992), under the edict of the Taizong Emperor, was popularly applied and extensively circulated and called "the first formulary of the Dynasty". It is extremely significant in the medical history of the Song Dynasty due to its theory of prescription art, practical prescriptions and clinical practice. During the process of its circulation, different versions appeared, including the Guozijian Orthodox Version, Guozijian Small-character Version, Chongwen Hall Abridged Version, Newly Carved Version of Zhuanyunsi, and the Local Abridged Version, thus adapting to the demands of various walks of life in the society. Its unique role in the development of the Song society was founded by its introduction, application and popularization by the emperors, local officials, medical scholars, diplomatic envoys, and intellectuals. The "kind administration" of the authority and the government was further greatly facilitated by the involvement of the government and the introduction of printing. Its practical prescriptions became forceful tools to prevent and treat diseases, to conquer witchcraft, to protect local social security, and to pronounce the merits of officials and physicians at all levels.

  18. The prevalence of antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii in horses in Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture, Xinjiang, northwestern China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jin-Lei Wang

    Full Text Available Toxoplasmosis is a worldwide zoonosis caused by Toxoplasma gondii, which can infect warm-blooded animals and humans. The present study was performed to investigate the seroprevalence of T. gondii in horses in Xinjiang, northwestern China. A total of 637 blood samples were collected from seven regions in Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture, Xinjiang in 2011 and assayed for T. gondiiantibodies using the modified agglutination test (MAT. Risk factors (age, gender, and region related to seroprevalence were determined by a multivariate logistic regression analysis. A total of 200 horses (31.4%, 95% CI 27.79–35.00 were seropositive for T. gondii. Age, gender, and region present no association with seroprevalence (p>0.05 in the logistic regression analysis. The results indicated that T. gondii is widely prevalent in horses in Xinjiang, northwestern China, representing a serious threat to animal and human health. Therefore, more careful measures should be performed to control and prevent T. gondii infection in horses from Xinjiang, northwestern China.

  19. Regional Evaluation of Wind Erosion of the Loess Plateau in Pengyang County, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sun Baoping; Ding Guodong; Li Yubao

    2003-01-01

    The loess plateau in China is well-known for its severe water erosion. A nationwide soil erosion survey discovered that wind erosion of the loess land is also greatly concerned. The severity of wind erosion for each land use in Pengyang County of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China, was evaluated according to the national standard of soil erosion classification. The evaluation system includes a GIS database, an evaluation indicator system and a classification system for land and land use. The erodible nature of soil and annual soil loss of the most erodible land were obtained as follows: (1) Croplands plowed and harrowed in late autumn were the most erodible land,with an erosion intensity of medium grade and an erodible proportion of 46%; (2) The erodible proportion of natural grasslands was between 19.3% and 21.5%, whose erosion intensity was of mostly tolerable grade; (3) When it came to the whole county, there was 21.3% of the total area in tolerable grade in terms of wind erosion intensity, 42.1% slight and 34.8% medium.

  20. Temporal-Spatial Variation of Drought Indicated by SPI and SPEI in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chunping Tan

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region of China (Ningxia is an important food production area in northwest China severely affected by drought. The Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI and Standardized Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index (SPEI were calculated based on monthly meteorological data to explore climate change and variation in drought intensity, duration, frequency, and spatial extent in Ningxia during 1972–2011. Results show that the SPEI is more applicable than the SPI for exploring climate change and drought variation in Ningxia. The Ningxia climate experienced a significant drying tendency. Annual SPEI decreased about 0.37 decade−1 during 1972–2011. Drought was exacerbated by this drying tendency. Regional average duration, maximum duration, intensity, and frequency of drought identified by the SPEI increased by one month, three months, 0.15%, and 36.1%, respectively, during 1992–2011 compared to the period of 1972–1991. The spatial extent of drought identified by the SPEI increased about 14.4% decade−1 in the spring during 1972–2011. Spatially, drought frequency increased from north to south. Average intensity (maximum duration of drought calculated by the SPEI increased (decreased northward and southward from the central arid area.

  1. Détermination de la concentration minimale inhibitrice et fongicide de quelques antifongiques vis –à- vis des levures isolées du CHU de Tlemcen

    OpenAIRE

    Malki, Fatima Zohra

    2015-01-01

    Les infections fongiques ont considérablement augmenté ces dernières années et sont devenues aujourd’hui une préoccupation importante pour les établissements de soins. Bien que Candida albicans soit le pathogène majoritairement identifié lors de ces infections, d’autres espèces non albicans peuvent être impliquées notamment dans de nombreuses pathologies nosocomiales. En effet, ces levures se développent an adhérant à des implants médicaux, tels que les cathéters formant ain...

  2. 西北回族抗日史研究%On History of Resistance against Japanese Aggression of Northwest Hui Nationality

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨志平; 海万玲

    2015-01-01

    日本全面侵华后,由于兵力所限,虽未对西北地区进行地面武装侵扰,但通过军机轰炸、策划“回回国”阴谋等行径,对西北人民犯下了滔天罪行。在民族存亡之际,西北回族人民同全国各族人民一起在各条战线上展开了反侵略斗争,其中以回族、撒拉族、保安族等为主要成员的骑兵第一师、第81军在正面战场与日军展开了殊死较量,战绩辉煌。此外,回族民众还利用与中东伊斯兰国家的友好关系,开展民间外交奔赴中东地区传播抗日救亡思想并寻求国际支持与理解,宗教人士则通过自身声望影响穆斯林参军抗日,回族社团与报刊也充分发挥社会职责,揭露日本离间回汉关系、肢解中国的阴谋,鼓励回胞奔赴前线杀敌卫国,文艺工作者更是以各种文艺形式宣传抗日救亡思想。经过战争的洗礼,回族社会空前团结,爱国主义精神和国家认同感更加强烈。%After staging large-scale aggression war into China,though restricted by the lack of militar-y force,Japan had not staged land invasion into northwest China,they still conducted aerial bombing, schemed to establish"Huihui State",and committed serious crimes to the people there.At this criti-cal moment of death or life for the nation,along with all other nationalities,people of Hui nationality in northwest China launched the fight against Japanese aggression.The first cavalry division and 81th army (both mainly consisted of Hui,Sala,and Baoan nationalities)fought face-to-face against Japa-nese invaders and had extraordinary battle achievements.Besides,due to friendly relationship with Is-lamic nations in Mideast,people of Hui nationality went to Mideast to seek international support and understanding for this very cause.With their own influence,religious figures encouraged Muslims to join the arm.Societies and newspapers of Hui nationality played full social role to disclose

  3. Projected impacts of climate change on hydrology, water resource use and adaptation needs for the Chu and Talas cross-border rivers basin, Central Asia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shamil Iliasov, Shamil; Dolgikh, Svetlana; Lipponen, Annukka; Novikov, Viktor

    2014-05-01

    The observed long-term trends, variability and projections of future climate and hydrology of the Chu and Talas transboundary rivers basin were analysed using a common approach for Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan parts of the basin. Historical, current and forecasted demands and main uses of water in the basin were elaborated by the joint effort of both countries. Such cooperative approach combining scientific data, water practitioners' outlook with decision making needs allowed the first time to produce a comprehensive assessment of climate change impacts on water resources in the Chu-Talas transboundary rivers basin, identify future needs and develop the initial set of adaptation measures and recommendations. This work was carried out under the project "Promoting Cooperation to Adapt to Climate Change in the Chu and Talas Transboundary Basin", supported by the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Climate change projections, including air temperatures and rainfall in the 21st century were determined with a spatial resolution 0.5 degrees based on the integration of 15 climate change model outputs (derived from IPCC's 4th Assessment Report, and partially 5th Assessment Report) combined with locally-designed hydrology and glacier models. A significant increase in surface air temperatures by 3-6°C may be expected in the basin area, especially in summer and autumn. This change is likely to be accompanied by rainfall increase during the cold season and a decrease in the warm half of the year. As a result, a deterioration of moisture conditions during the summer-autumn period is possible. Furthermore, milder winters and hotter summers can be expected. Mountains will likely receive more liquid precipitation, than snow, while the area and volume of glaciers may significantly reduce. Projected changes in climate and glaciers have implications for river hydrology and different sectors of the economy dependent

  4. Study on mosque architectural form development of the Hui Nationality in the Yellow River Basin%黄河流域回族清真寺建筑形态发展研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨新新

    2015-01-01

    以中国黄河流域的回族聚居区为研究范围,以回族清真寺为研究对象,通过探讨黄河流域回族清真寺的建筑形态发展,分析了回族清真寺在我国回族穆斯林生活中的作用,并对其保护与发展措施进行了研究,以期为我国伊斯兰建筑艺术的研究和回族清真寺的发展提供参考。%Taking the Hui Nationality concentrated area of the Yellow River Basin in China as the research scope,taking the Hui Nationality mosque as the research target,through explores the architectural form development of the Hui Nationality mosque of the Yellow River Basin,the paper analyzes the role of the Hui Nationality mosque in domestic Muslim living,and studies its protection and development,with a view to pro-vide some guidance for domestic Muslim building arts research and the Hui Nationality mosque development.

  5. 恢刺法治疗急性肩周炎50例%Treatment of 50 Patients with Acute Shoulder Periarthritis by Hui Acupuncture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王孝艳; 张轶鸣; 贾延涛; 王慧; 岳全; 吴继开; 陈斯

    2015-01-01

    目的:观察恢刺法针刺阳陵泉、阿是穴治疗急性肩周炎的临床疗效。方法:将100例肩周炎患者随机分为治疗组,对照组。治疗组50例采用恢刺法针刺阳陵泉、阿是穴治疗;对照组50例采用常规针刺治疗。均每天针刺1次,疗程2周,观察其疗效。结果:治疗组疗效明显高于对照组。结论:恢刺法针刺阳陵泉、阿是穴治疗急性肩周炎可缓解疼痛,改善肩关节活动度,有较好疗效。%Objective:To observe the clinical effects on the acute shoulder periarthritis by Hui acupuncture at Yanglingquan point and Ashi point.Methods:100 patients were randomly divided into two groups:a treatment group and a control group.Among them, 50 patients in the treatment group were treated by Hui acupuncture at Yanglingquan point and Ashi point while other 50 patients in the control group received normal acupuncture treatment.During the two weeks’ treatment, all the patients were acupunctured once a day.Results:Patients in the treatment group felt much relieved than those in the control group.Conclusion:Hui acupuncture at Yan-glingquan point and Ashi point turns out to be a desirably effective way to treat acute shoulder periarthritis.

  6. Development obstacles of poor rural Hui ethnic females and its countermeasures: Based on survey data of 1 327 Hui ethnic females of Guanghe county%回族农村女性的发展障碍与应对策略——基于广河县1327名回族女性的调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩振兴; 韩建民

    2012-01-01

    Based on the survey data of 1 327 poor rural Hui ethnic females (over fourteen years old) of Guanghe county, Gansu province, this paper finds that due to the influence of traditional family value, poor healthy condition and poor exploitation of human resources, poor rural Hui women face many development obstacles such as their low status in the family, low educational background, little social participation. Hence, the writer proposes some countermeasures so as to promote the sound development of rural Hui women: to advocate new religion and family concept; to promote the education and training of the rural Hui women; to recognize the value of rural women's housework; to encourage them to engage in some small business and provide small loans to them.%基于甘肃广河县294户回族家庭1 327名回族女性(14岁以上)的调查发现,由于传统宗教家庭观念限制、身体健康水平欠佳以及人力资源的教育性开发不力等因素影响,回族农村女性面临诸多发展障碍,如家庭经济地位低下、文化程度不高、社会参与度低等。据此,应提倡新的宗教、家庭观念;加强回族农村女性教育,强化其农业科技知识培训;认定农村女性家务劳动的实际价值,鼓励其从事基本商业贸易并提供小额贷款倾斜政策,最终促进回族农村女性自身的良性发展。

  7. 屈复《楚辞新注》中的"遗民情结"%Adherent Complex in Qu Fu's Meanings and Commentary of Chu Ci

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    施仲贞

    2016-01-01

    Seen from a historical point of view, Qu Fu did not come through the process of the perdition of Ming Dynasty and the substitution of Qing Dynasty, and was a complete adherent of Qing Dynasty. However, in Qu Fu 's works, there is often sentimental emotion and psychological characteristics of the adherents of the Ming Dynasty, namely "adher-ent complex". Qu Fu shows strong adherent complex in Meanings and Commentary of Chu Ci which he worked in old age. The spontaneous subcommentary complex flexion of Chu Ci, as a way to relieve "adherents of complex", and as car-rier of his personal "adherents of emotion". In this paper, between the lines often was a different generation, and Qu Yuan concentric empathy "grief", "bend complex portrayal and feeling their mood"; and the height of affirmation and ad-miration of complex Qu respected about loyalty "Qu Yuan spirit", is the spirit of their self motivation and temper the great Qu Fu faith and spiritual pillar. The strong adherent complex in Meanings and Commentary of Chu Ci makes it with a lonely color, and many songs in the exegesis of Chu Ci in the Qing Dynasty are particularly prominent, subtle and deep emotion, lofty, and full of personality.%从历史角度来看,屈复并没有经历明清易代的过程,彻彻底底是一个"清朝人".然而,在屈复的著作中,却往往会不自觉地表现出一种明朝"遗臣行人"的感伤情志和心理特征,即"遗民情结".屈复在其晚年所作《楚辞新注》中流露出强烈的"遗民情结".他自发把注疏《楚辞》,作为一种纾解自我"遗民情结"的途径与方式,并当作寄托个人"遗民情志"的特殊载具.文中字里行间常常流露出一种与屈原异代同心、感同身受的"黍离之悲",这是屈复"遗民心境"的写照与感触;而屈复所高度肯定、钦慕推崇的忠君忧国的"屈原之志",更是"精神遗民"屈复自我激励、砥砺志节的信念和精神支柱.《楚辞新注》中强烈浓厚的"遗民情结",

  8. 朱熹孝伦理思想及其当代启示%Chu Hsi’s Ethics of Filially Piety and its Contemporary Enlightenment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋颖荣; 叶文振

    2015-01-01

    朱熹认为宇宙万物都是由理与气构成的,孝是对理的分殊,是当然之则。由此,朱熹提出仁是孝之本、行孝以为仁的主张,并进而指出孝的敬事父母、以父母之心为心、几谏父母以养父母之志的伦理内涵。朱熹关于孝的伦理思想对当下家风家教建设、家庭养老模式与社会养老模式的有机结合、个体人生价值之梦与中国梦之通融一体具有十分重要的理论价值与实践意义。%According to his li-chi Dualism,Chu Hsi explains filial piety as manifestation of li,and as principle of what ought to be.he also argues that jen (Goodness/Humanity) constitutes the root of filial piety,and that to be filial in order to achieve Goodness.Ethically,the filial piety implies that the young should reverentially sever the parents,sympathetically understand them,and patiently admonish them.Chu Hsi’s ethical thoughts of filial piety gives us theoretical and practical enlightenment about firstly how to cultivate family trait and home training,secondly how to combine the family and social modes of old-age pension system,and finally how to join every individual dream into the Chinese Dream.

  9. La tuberculose cutanée: observation de six cas confirmés au CHU Souro SANOU (CHUSS) de Bobo-Dioulasso (Burkina Faso)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andonaba, Jean Baptiste; Barro-Traoré, Fatou; Yaméogo, Téné; Diallo, Boukary; Korsaga-Somé, Nina; Traoré, Adama

    2013-01-01

    La localisation cutanée de la maladie tuberculeuse demeure une forme rare et représente seulement 2,1% des localisations. L'objet de cette étude est de rapporter le profil épidémiologique, anatomoclinique et évolutif des cas de tuberculose ganglio-cutanée diagnostiqués dans un CHU au Burkina Faso. La fréquence de la tuberculose cutanée est très faible au CHUSS. Six cas ont été diagnostiqués entre 2004 et 2010, soit une fréquence de un cas par an. La durée d’évolution des cas allait de deux jusqu’à dix ans avant leur diagnostic. Les lésions observées étaient: trois scrofulodermes, trois gommes, une tuberculose testiculaire associée à un mal de Pott, un cas de polyadénopathies et des cicatrices atropho-rétractiles dans la plupart des cas. Sur le plan anatomopathologique, des granulomes tuberculoïdes ont été mis en évidence dans tous les cas avec une forte réaction tuberculinique à l'IDR. Sous antituberculeux pendant six mois, l’évolution a été bonne dans tous les cas mais au prix de séquelles cutanées cicatricielles inesthétiques. Son ampleur reste peut-être encore méconnue. Le renforcement du plateau technique du CHU et une bonne collaboration interdisciplinaire contribuerait à un meilleur diagnostic et prise en charge de cette affection. PMID:24648863

  10. Appendix I3-1 to Wind HUI Initiative 1: AWST-WindNET-Phase 1 Final Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    John Zack

    2012-07-15

    This report is an appendix to the Hawaii WindHUI efforts to develop and operationalize short-term wind forecasting and wind ramp event forecasting capabilities. The report summarizes the WindNET Phase 1 efforts on the Big Island of Hawaii and includes descriptions of modeling methodologies, use of field validation data, results and recommendations. The objective of the WindNET project was to investigate the improvement that could be obtained in short-term wind power forecasting for wind generation facilities operating on the island grids operated by Hawaiian Electric Companies through the use of atmospheric sensors deployed at targeted locations. WindNET is envisioned as a multiphase project that will address the short-term wind forecasting issues of all of the wind generation facilities on the all of the Hawaiian Electric Companies' island grid systems. The first phase of the WindNET effort (referred to as WindNET-1) was focused on the wind generation facilities on the Big Island of Hawaii. With complex terrain and marine environment, emphasis was on improving the 0 to 6 hour forecasts of wind power ramps and periods of wind variability, with a particular interest in the intra-hour (0-1 hour) look-ahead period. The WindNET project was built upon a foundation that was constructed with the results from a previously completed observation targeting study for the Big Island that was conducted as part of a project supported by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and interactions with the western utilities. The observational targeting study provided guidance on which variables to measure and at what locations to get the most improvement in forecast performance at a target forecast site. The recommendations of the observation targeting study were based on the application two techniques: (1) an objective method called ensemble sensitivity analysis (ESA) (Ancell and Hakim, 2007; Torn and Hakim, 2008; Zack et al, 2010); and (2) a subjective method based on a

  11. 伊斯兰哲学宇宙论对回族传统宗教信仰文化的影响%Chinese Islamic Philosophy to Hui Traditional Cosmological Religious Beliefs Cultural Influence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邱双成; 崔华华

    2012-01-01

    伊斯兰哲学宇宙论与回族传统宗教信仰文化联系异常密切。回族传统宗教信仰文化的形成、内容以及形式等都深受伊斯兰哲学宇宙论的影响。对伊斯兰哲学宇宙论与回族传统宗教信仰文化的关系进行深入研究具有积极的意义。%Chinese Islamic philosophy cosmology and Hui traditional religious beliefs and cultural links are unusual close. Hui traditional religious cultural formation, religious belief culture content as well as religious cultural form etc all deeply influence of Chinese islamic philosophy cosmology. Islamic philosophy in China the hui traditional religion cosmology and in-depth study relation to culture has positive significance.

  12. Van huis naar school.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Levelt, P.B.M.

    1989-01-01

    In the Netherlands about two and a half million children are going each day to school as pedestrian, as cyclist or as moped- rider. It is important to remember that these children are forced by the society to go to school and the society has therefore the responsibility for the safe journey to schoo

  13. 回药少尼子的本草考证%Research on Materia Medica of Hui Herbal Medicine ShaoNiZi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨丽娟; 何婷; 高如宏

    2016-01-01

    According to the record in YanXingLu, prophet Mohammed said Hui medicine can cure many of disease. So we made a research on materia medica of Hui Herbal Medicine ShaoNiZi in Huihui prescriptions from several aspects, including Species research, historical records, origin, chemical composition, pharmacological ef-fects, traditional and modern medicine usage, and security as well, and found that it is the dry mature seed of the Ra-nunculaceae Nigella sativa L. Because of its wide therapeutic range, safety and non-toxic, it values to research.%《言行录》记载回药少尼子能够治疗许多疾病。因此本研究从品种考证、历史记载、产地、化学成分、药理作用、传统及现代医学用法、安全性等方面对《回回药方》中少尼子进行本草考证研究,确定其为毛茛科植物家黑种草 Nigella sativa L.的干燥成熟种子,其治疗范围极其广泛,且安全无毒,具有很大的研究价值。

  14. The Banquet Music of Hui Nationality in the Inheritance and the Variation%回族宴席曲的传承及流变

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓君

    2015-01-01

    回族宴席曲是西北流行的古老民间音乐形式,是我国民间音乐文化艺术的奇葩。它既保留了本民族的音乐特征又吸收了多民族音乐文化元素,演唱中自然夹杂了本民族语言及地方方言等词汇,特色鲜明,韵味独特。本文对回族宴席曲的传承和流变进行了概述,并通过典型的例子诠释了回族宴席曲的流变。%The Banquet music of Hui nationality is an ancient folk music in the northwest and a miracle of Chinese folk music culture .It retains the national music characteristics and absorbs other national music cultural elements ,singing naturally mixed with their native language and dialect ,which are distinctive and peculiar .In this paper ,the inheritance and evolvement of the Banquet music of Hui nationality are summa‐rized ,and the evolvement is interpreted by typical examples .

  15. 甘肃临夏回族自治州回族老年人根面龋发病状况的抽样调查与分析%Incidence of root caries in Hui elderly people of Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture:a sampling survey

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    司庆宗; 安晓莉; 李淼; 马占海; 马玉梅; 赵望泓

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the incidence of root caries in Hui elderly people of Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture, Gansu Province. Methods Root caries in 436 Hui elderly people aged 65 -74 years and their clinical examination were investigated with questionnaire by random sampling according to the third national oral health survey standards and methods. Results The incidence of root caries in Hui elderly people of Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture was 28. 90% , with mean number of root caries of 0. 42. No significant difference was found in the incidence of root caries between urban and rural areas and between male and female (P >0.05). The filling rate of root caries was only 0. 68%. The root caries index ( RCI) value was 2. 85% and 2.76% , respectively, in the distal and mesial surfaces. The RCI value was higher in maxillary teeth than in corresponding mandibular teeth. Root caries involving one root surface was detected in 88. 7% of Hui elderly people. Logistic regression analysis showed that frequency of teeth brushing and sugar food intake was closely related with the occurrence of root caries in Hui elderly people of Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture ( OR; 0. 492,95%C7:0.317 to 0.764,P =0.002;OR:l. 654,95%C/:1.033 to 2.648,P =0.036). Conclusion The incidence of root caries in Hui elderly people of Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture is low due to their good oral health and life habits. However, root caries is rarely treated, thus needing instructions on their oral health and taking more preventive measures against their oral diseases.%目的 了解并分析甘肃省临夏回族自治州回族老年人根面龋发病状况.方法 按照第三次全国口腔健康流行病学调查标准和方法,采用多阶段分层等容量随机抽样方法对436例临夏回族65 ~ 74岁老年人进行问卷调查及根面龋的口腔临床检查.结果 临夏市65 ~ 74岁回族老年人恒牙根面龋患病率为28.90%,龋均为0.42.患龋率和龋均在城乡和性别

  16. Conservation of Wooden Architecture Heritage in Vietnam%越南木建筑遗产的保护——关于CHU QUYEN公屋的保护案例研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ Chu Quyen公屋是越南现存传统公屋中最古老且具有典型特征的公屋之一,它是越南传统木建筑的代表,构件上仍保留有大量17世纪末18世纪初的特色雕刻. Chu Quyen公屋在进行修护措施之前的状况危急,部分木框架已经腐烂,一些木柱出现裂纹,有的地方不得不临时用柱子做支撑等等,这些最终导致了建筑变形.

  17. 船山学术路径:楚文化诗性视域中的儒家理性批判%On Wang Chuanshan's Academic Path:Confucian Rational Criticism from the Perspective of Poems of Chu Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    萧晓阳

    2015-01-01

    Wang Chuanshan's study was originated from the six classics and it had deep Chu style by criticizing Song and Ming and running through hundreds of doctrines.The nature of its studies belonged to practice.Chuanshan's study was originated from the six classics and its original was Yi Zhuan with Chu style and Zhuan and Sao with rational deduction,while inherited from the theory of Hu Hong.Yi Zhuan did not stand on learning about the eight trigrams in book of changes and it had open-minded thought by closing to Zhuan and Sao.The study was upgraded from theory to practice.Wang Chuanshan's academic was deeply influenced by Chu style and his academic was a rational reasoning system which was established on the poetic feel-ings.This reflected his rational criticism to the traditional Confucianism by poetic vision of Chu culture.%船山之学本原六经圣奥以批判宋明,贯通百家之说而深契楚风,究心性理之学而归于践履。船山为学上溯六经,本原«易传»;濡染楚风,雅好«庄»、«骚»;推演性理,而传承胡宏之论。述«易传»不拘于象数之末,近«庄»、«骚»得其闳通之思,由理气论上达践履之学。可见船山学术深受楚风濡染,是建立在诗性感悟之上的理性思辨体系,体现了王船山以楚文化之诗性眼光对传统儒学的理性批判。

  18. 论回族的宗教信仰与养生保健%On Religious Beliefs and Health Preservation of Hui Group

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱国明

    2015-01-01

    In the perspective of Hui Muslims ,birth ,aging ,illness and death are the eternal laws of nature ,which are irresistible to human beings .Death of the mortal body is not the end but the continuum of human life and it may resurrect in the after life .Such a view of life has determined their ways of living different from Chinese Taoists who pursue immortal lives .The health preservation concepts of the Hui group are closely linked with their religious beliefs and living habits which influence their health values .From the perspective of traditional Chinese health preservation culture ,the religious activities and habits of Hui Muslims contain profound knowledge of health preservation .Meanwhile ,some of the wisdom and rationale can definitively serve as valuable guidance and inspiration for modern people in their pursuit of a healthy and satisfying life .%在回族穆斯林的思想观念中,生老病死是永恒的自然规律,不可抗拒。今世的死亡不是人生的结束,而是人生的继续,人的生命在后世还会复活。这样的生命观决定了他们不可能像中国道家一样去寻求长生不老的方式方法来延长自己的生命。回族穆斯林的养生保健,与他们的宗教信仰以及由其影响的健康生活习惯有密切的联系。在中国传统养生文化看来,回族穆斯林的宗教活动和日常生活习惯包含了丰富的养生之道。其中一些合理的观念和行为对当前人们的身心健康也具有重要的启示和借鉴作用。

  19. 湖北外宣翻译与荆楚文化输出研究%On Hubei Publicity Translation and Output of Chu Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐燕

    2014-01-01

    随着湖北经济的快速发展及对外交流的不断加强,湖北外宣翻译研究日益引起学者的重视。当前湖北外宣翻译处于“传而不通,通而不达”的困境,荆楚文化并未得到有效传播。鉴于此,本文通过分析湖北历史文化旅游景点外宣翻译呈现出来的语言特征,对外宣误译实例进行溯因,提出湖北外宣翻译的原则和策略,即一名合格的文化旅游翻译者,在外宣翻译实践中应遵循“规范性原则”和“名副其实”这两条原则;并在此基础上,合理使用异化与归化策略,并综合运用各种翻译技巧与方法,完成湖北外宣翻译的根本任务,取得理想的对外宣传效果,传播荆楚文化。%With the rapid development of economy of Hubei province, and continuous exchanges with foreign countries, Hubei publicity translation studies increasingly cause the attention of scholars. The current Hubei publicity translation is in the dilemma of “pass the impassability”, and the Chu culture has not been effectively conveyed. In view of this, this article will analyze the language characteristics of translations of historical and cultural tourist attractions to research the mistranslations. Furthermore, the translation principles and strategies of Hubei province will be put forward, namely, a qualiifed translator should follow the principle of "normative" and "real" principle in translation practice. And it is pivotal of using the strategy of foreignization and domestication as well as utilizing various translation skills and methods to accomplish the basic task of Hubei publicity translation and obtain ideal effect as well as spread Chu culture.

  20. Péritonites infectieuses en dialyse péritonéale continue ambulatoire au CHU de Rabat: profil bactériologique sur trois ans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lioussfi, Zineb; Rhou, Hakima; Ezzaitouni, Fatima; Ouzeddoun, Naima; Bayahia, Rabea; Benamar, Loubna

    2012-01-01

    Introduction La péritonite infectieuse (PI) est une des complications les plus sévères et les plus fréquentes de la dialyse péritonéale (DP). But: Déterminer le taux des PI et les germes en causes, et évaluer l’efficacité des protocoles thérapeutiques entrepris chez les patients traités par DP au CHU de Rabat. Méthodes Etude rétrospective effectuée en Septembre 2009 chez tous les patients traités par DP continue ambulatoire (DPCA) au CHU de Rabat depuis l’ouverture de l’unité de DP en Juillet 2006. Ont été inclus dans cette étude, tous les patients ayant fait une péritonite. Pour tous nos patients, nous avons relevé les données cliniques, biologiques et bactériologiques. Nous avons également recherché les causes des péritonites, le délai de survenue par rapport au début de la dialyse, et la durée moyenne de formation des patients. Résultats Au cours de la période de l’étude, 28 épisodes de PI sont survenus chez 19 patients dont la moyenne d’âge est de 46±16 (19-78) ans, avec une prédominance masculine (12 hommes/ 7 femmes). Le taux des PI dans notre unité de DP est de 21.07 mois-patients calculé par le RDPLF. Leur délai de survenue par rapport au début de la dialyse au centre est de 7.9 ±8 (1-29) mois. Lors de ces PI, les bactéries à Gram négatif (BGN) ont été retrouvées dans 55% des cas, contre uniquement 45% pour les Gram positifs. Conclusion La PI est une complication grave et redoutable de la DP. Le taux de PI dans notre centre de DPCA est de 21m-p ce qui correspond au taux acceptable définie par les sociétés internationales. Les germes les plus responsables des PI dans notre centre sont les BGN et la contamination semble être manu-portée se faisant essentiellement à partir de la flore environnementale et cutanée. PMID:22593777

  1. 从语篇角度分析上古汉语的“初”和“昔”%The Analysis of Ancient Chinese"Chu"(初)and"Xi"(昔) from the Perspective of Discourse

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邱崇; 王毅

    2015-01-01

    “初”和“昔”都是时间副词,表示过去,两者义近,但从语篇角度来看,两者功能迥异:初”和“昔”都可以作为话语标记,但“初”主要用于记叙文体,引入的以往事件是对当前事件的补充,可称之为补叙标记;而“昔”主要用于议论文体,引入的以往事件是当前论点的事实论据,可称之为事实论据标记。%"Chu"(初)and"Xi"(昔)are both adverbs of time, which means the past, From the perspective of discourse, the two words have different functions:the"Chu"( 初 ) and"Xi"( 昔 ) can be used as discourse markers, but the"Chu"( 初 ) of past events mainly for narrative body, introduced is a supplement to current events, can be called up Supplementary narrative marks;while past events"Xi"(昔)is mainly used Argumentaries, introduced the argument is the fact that the current argument, can be called argument mark.

  2. The Transfer of Land Contractual Management Rights in Ethnic Village--A Case Study of Ya’ergou Village in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Based on field survey in Ya’ergou Village,Yuanzhou District,Guyuan City,the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region,we analyze the status quo of the transfer of land contractual management rights in this village,and study the basic information,form,characteristics,and problems concerning the transfer of land contractual management rights in this nationality village.Then corresponding countermeasures are put forward for promoting the transfer of land contractual management rights in ethnic village as follows:strengthening the publicity of the policy in order to improve farmers’ ideological understanding;raising the rent in order to promote the transfer of the land contractual management rights;diverting the governmental investment to the talented people within village;consolidating management and resolving disputes in the transfer timely and effectively.

  3. L’expérience de la carrière scientifique aujourd’hui. Zoom sur le vécu de chercheurs postdoctorants

    OpenAIRE

    Fusulier, Bernard

    2016-01-01

    Cet article vise à alimenter le débat sur la régulation de la science et des carrières scientifiques aujourd’hui. Bien que fondé sur une analyse de l’organisation de la recherche en Belgique, il révèle certains aspects généralisables en particulier au système français. Il repose empiriquement sur une enquête ayant ciblé les chargés de recherches (postdoctorants) du Fonds national de la recherche scientifique (FNRS) initiée en 2010 à l’Université catholique de Louvain. Dans un premier temps, e...

  4. AGFA get an Contract of Toulouse Uneversity CHU%爱克发医疗集团赢得法国图卢兹大学医院中心(CHU)价值数百万欧元的合同为该院提供了实施ORBIS医疗IT总体解决方案

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ 最近在法国签订的一系列合同证明了爱克发ORBIS系统在提高医疗机构的工作效率以及病人服务的品质方面,是欧洲市场一流的解决方案.在法国图卢兹大学医院中心(CHU)公开招标中,CHU最终选择爱克发医疗集团来实施其领先的ORBIS临床和管理信息系统,预计于2011年完成装机,将有约10,000名用户从中受惠.

  5. 从“区域”到“整体”:回族史研究的历史人类学思考%From Region to Entirety:a Historical Anthropology Study on Hui Muslims’ History

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沙彦奋

    2016-01-01

    目前,回族历史研究主要存在三种取向:一是受传统史学研究的影响,研究材料主要依赖于文献资料,缺乏对民间资料的重视;二是受回族分布格局的影响,区域性特点鲜明;三是受学科的影响,研究方法比较单一。文化的地域性和区域历史的特殊性,是回族历史研究不能忽视的两个方面。突出区域文化在回族历史研究方面有重要的作用。在加强回族区域历史“文本”书写的同时,注重回族史研究的整体建构,是回族历史研究应有之义。%At present, the historical study of the Hui Muslims mainly exists three kinds of orientation , the first was affected by the tradi-tional historical research , which was the materials research mainly depended on the literature ,and lack of attention to the private information;the second was affected by the distribution pattern of Hui Muslims with distinctive regional characteristics;the third was affected by subject, research method is relatively homogeneous .Regional culture and the specialty of regional history are two aspects not be ignored .Highlighting the regional culture plays an important role in the study of Hui Muslims ’ history.While strengthening the “text” writing of the Hui Mus-lims’ regional history, overall construction of the research on Hui Muslims’ history is the significance of the research.

  6. Le fonctionnement en réseau comme élément du contexte d’intervention en santé mentale aujourd’hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabelle Deliège

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Le contexte dans lequel sont aujourd’hui amenés à intervenir les professionnels de la santé mentale est de plus en plus marqué par les pratiques de collaboration qui se développent au-delà des frontières d’une institution, qu’on appelle aussi le "travail en réseau". Le modèle du réseau s’est construit en opposition à celui de l’institution; ces deux modèles de fonctionnement se différencient tant dans le rapport qu’ils entretiennent au savoir, qu’à la norme et au contrôle. Cet article resitue l’émergence du concept de réseau dans les politiques publiques belges. Le fonctionnement en réseau dans la pratique soulève aussi une série de difficultés et de questions comme la cohabitation des logiques institutionnelles et réticulaires, la répartition de la responsabilité et les modalités de prise de décision, l’intérêt de la formalisation (ou non des procédures, la responsabilisation de l’usager des services de santé mentale et l’articulation des savoirs autant de questions que pose aujourd’hui le contexte d’intervention en santé mentale.

  7. Formes hémorragiques de Dengue observées dans le service des maladies infectieuses du CHU Yalgado Ouédraogo, Burkina Faso

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mamoudou, Savadogo; Boushab, Boushab Mohamed

    2016-01-01

    La dengue est une arbovirose ré émergente dans les pays tropicaux. Sa forme hémorragique peut s'accompagner d'une défaillance circulatoire pouvant conduire à un choc hypovolémique, souvent fatal. Nous rapportons une série de trois cas de formes hémorragiques de dengue observées dans le service des maladies infectieuses du CHU Yalgado Ouédraogo de Ouagadougou dont l'objectif est de décrire les caractéristiques épidémiologiques cliniques et évolutives. Les cas étaient des jeunes de sexe féminin dont l’âge variait entre 27 ans et 43 ans, résidant dans la ville de Ouagadougou. Malgré de multiples transfusions de concentrées plaquettaires et un traitement symptomatique, nous déplorons un cas de décès. Le développement d'antiviraux et la mise au point de nouveaux vaccins constituent une lueur d'espoir pour prévenir la létalité due à cette maladie. PMID:27303584

  8. 竺可桢与我国气象台站的建设%Chu Coching and the Construction of Meteorological Stations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王东; 丁玉平

    2014-01-01

    气象台站建设是发展气象事业和科学的基础。基于我国气象台站分散落后的事实,竺可桢通过回收外人气象台站、直接建设台站所和派人指导地方测候所建设等方式实施了中国气象台站网络建设的规划。尽管因多种原因最终未能完成计划书的布局,但到1937年,中国至少已有139个气象台站,初步形成了我国早期的测候网。这为我国近现代气象事业的繁荣发展奠定了基础。%The construction of meteorological stations is the basis of the development of meteorological science and technology. In view of the under-developed meteorological work, Chu Coching called on the government to resume the construction of meteorological stations, put forward a plan for the construction of meteorological stations and institutes, and led the staff to resume the construction of these meteorological stations. Thanks to all these efforts, he made a great contribution to the development of Chinese modern meteorological work.

  9. Geological affinity of reflecting boundaries in the intermediate structural stage of the Chu Sarysuyskiy depression based on results of vertical seismic profilling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Davydov, N.G.; Kiselevskiy, Yu.N.

    1983-01-01

    A computer (EVM) and an ASOI-VSP-SK program complex are used to analyze data from seismic exploration and acoustical logging with interval by interval calculation of the velocity every four meters. Vertical seismic profilling (VSP) results are used to identify all the upper layers as reference layers. The basic reference level, the third, which corresponds to the floor of the carbonate middle to upper Visean series, is not sustained due to the thin layered state of the terrigeneous section. Based on data from vertical seismic profilling, the reflected wave method (MOV) and the common depth point method (MOGT), the reference 3-a and 6-a levels are identified. Deep reflections of the seventh, 7-a and Rf, approximately confined to the roof and floor of the lower Paleozoic deposits and the upper part of the upper reef series, are noted in the series of the Caledonian cap of the Prebaykal massifs based on vertical seismic profilling. Collector levels are noted on the basis of the frequency of the wave spectra and from the absorption coefficient in the Testas structure and in other low amplitude structures. The insufficiency of the depth capability of the common depth point method and the poor knowledge level of seismic exploration of the section of the lower Paleozoa and the upper Proterozoa of the Chu Sarysuyskiy depresion are noted.

  10. New evidence for an impact origin of Taihu lake, China: Possible trigger of the extinction of LiangChu Culture 4500 years ago

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xie, Z.; Wang, H.; Sharp, T.; Decarli, P.

    2008-12-01

    Here we report new evidence of an impact crater in south-east of China, Taihu Lake in Jiangsu Province. An impact origin was originally proposed on the basis of fractured quartz, wavy extinction quartz, and shatter cones in the sandstone of Devonian Wutong formation in the islands of Taihu lake (Wang, et al., 1992, 1993, 2000). In the absence of additional evidence, the impact origin hypothesis has fallen into disfavour. Here we report studies of sedimentary samples, which could be ejecta from Taihu, found in a small lake in the vicinity of Taihu lake. The samples consist of irregularly-shaped quartz-rich concretions found in lake sediments. Preliminary studies indicate that these samples contain angular fragments of shocked quartz. The stratigraphic age of the lake sediments is similar to that of the 65 km diameter Taihu lake. If the impact origin of Taihu lake can be conclusively established, it is of the correct age to explain the mysterious disappearance of the LiangChu culture about 4500 years ago.

  11. Nondestructive analysis of dragonfly eye beads from the warring states period, excavated from a Chu tomb at the Shenmingpu site, Henan Province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Yimin; Wang, Lihua; Wei, Shuya; Song, Guoding; Kenoyer, Jonathan Mark; Xiao, Tiqiao; Zhu, Jian; Wang, Changsui

    2013-04-01

    Dragonfly eye beads are considered to be the earliest types of glass objects in China, and in the past have been considered as evidence of culture interaction or trade between West and East Asia. In this article, synchrotron radiation microcomputed tomography and μ-probe energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence were used to determine the chemical composition, microstructure, and manufacturing technology of four dragonfly eye beads, excavated from a Chu tomb at the Shenmingpu site, Henan Province, China, dated stylistically to the Middle and Late Warring State Period (475 BC-221 BC). First, a nondestructive method was used to differentiate the material types including faience (glazed quartz), frit, glazed pottery (clay ceramic), and glass. Three beads were identified as faience and one bead as glazed pottery. The glaze recipe includes quartz, saltpeter, plant ash, and various copper, and is classified as belonging to the K2O-CaO-SiO2 glass system, which indicates that these beads were not imported from the West. Based on computed tomography slices, the manufacturing technology of the faience eye beads appears to include the use of an inner core, molding technology, and the direct application glazing method. These manufacturing features are consistent with the techniques used in China during this same time period for bronze mold-casting, proto-porcelain, and glass.

  12. Enrico Fermi Awards Ceremony for Dr. Mildred S. Dresselhaus and Dr. Burton Richter, May 2012 (Presentations, including remarks by Energy Secretary, Dr. Steven Chu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chu, Steven (U.S. Energy Secretary)

    2012-05-07

    The Fermi Award is a Presidential award and is one of the oldest and most prestigious science and technology honors bestowed by the U.S. Government. On May 7, 2012 it was conferred upon two exceptional scientists: Dr. Mildred Dresselhaus, 'for her scientific leadership, her major contributions to science and energy policy, her selfless work in science education and the advancement of diversity in the scientific workplace, and her highly original and impactful research,' and Dr. Burton Richter, 'for the breadth of his influence in the multiple disciplines of accelerator physics and particle physics, his profound scientific discoveries, his visionary leadership as SLAC Director, his leadership of science, and his notable contributions in energy and public policy.' Dr. John Holder, Director of the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, opened the ceremony, and Dr. Bill Brinkman, Director of DOE's Office of Science introduced the main speaker, Dr. Steven Chu, U.S. Energy Secretary.

  13. 回族人群饮食习惯与胃癌发生的相关性研究%Study on correlation of dietary habits and risk of gastric cancer in Hui population

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨晓辉; 葛箭; 蔡慧珍; 葛云叶

    2012-01-01

    目的 研究回族人群独特的饮食习惯与胃癌患病的相关性,并进一步探讨与回族人群胃癌发病相关的饮食危险因素.方法 采用1∶1配对的病例对照研究方法,问卷调查126例胃癌和贲门癌回族患者以及126例非病例回族人群的饮食习惯,采用单因素和多因素条件Logistic回归模型进行数据分析.结果 经单因素与多因素条件Logistic回归分析结果显示,三餐不定时、常食腌制食品、常食油炸食品均有统计学意义(P<0.05,OR值分别为3.054,2.363,1.915).常食水果可降低胃癌的发生(OR=0.281,P<0.01).结论 三餐不定时、常食腌制食品及常食油炸食品可能会增加回族人群胃癌患病的危险性,而多食水果是回族胃癌的保护因素.%OBJECTIVE To study correlation of the special dietary habits and the risk of gastric cancer in Hui population, and to explore the risk factors of diet associated with gastric cancer in Hui population. METHODS 1:1 matched case-control study was conducted in 126 Hui people with gastric cancer, cardiac carcinoma and normal Hui people. Questionnaire including diet factors was used in the subjects. The data were analyzed by mono-factorial and multi-factorial conditional Logistic regression. RESULTS It revealed in mono-factorial and multi-factorial conditional Logistic regression analysis that there was a significant correlation between taking meals at irregular time, taking pickled foods frequently, taking fried foods frequently and gastric cancer in Hui people with odds ratios of 3.054, 2.363, and 1.915 respectively (P < 0.05). The results also showed that taking fresh fruit frequently was likely to decrease the risk of gastric cancer in Hui people (OR =0.281, P < 0.01). CONCLUSION The study shows that the dietary habits are associated with gastric cancer in Hui population as taking meals at irregular time, taking pickled foods frequently, taking fried foods frequently are the possible risk factors for

  14. The Status and Role of Hui people in Economic Development of Ningxia in Qing Dynasty%回族在清代宁夏经济发展中的地位和作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘锦增

    2016-01-01

    Hui people is an important component of the population of Ningxia in Qing Dynasty.In the early pe-riod of Qing Dynasty, Hui people mainly inhabited in areas like Xiji, Haiyuan, Guyuan, Tongxin, Jinji, Lingzhou, Wuzhong and Pingluo, where agriculture was relatively developed and traffic was relatively convenient, and the pop-ulation of Hui people living in the North was much more than that in the South.In the late Qing Dynasty, Guyuan, Yanchi and Tongxin became their main inhabiting areas.Hui people in Ningxia play an important role in the devel-opment of agriculture, handicraft industry and business in Qing Dynasty.In the long-term economic activities in Qing Dynasty, an economic structure of Hui people in Ningxia was formed in which they were mainly engaged in ag-riculture and concurrently engaged in animal husbandry and handicraft industry.It is very significant for our man-agement of ethnic relations and acceleration of economic development of Ningxia to understand and acknowledge the role Hui people ever played in the economic development of Ningxia in ancient times.%回族是清代宁夏人口的重要组成部分。清代前期,宁夏的回族主要集中在西吉、海原、固原、同心、金积、灵州、吴忠、平罗等农业相对发达、交通较为便利的地区,且北部多于南部。清代后期,固原、同心等地成为回族的聚居区。回族在清代宁夏农牧业、手工业和商业的发展中起了很大作用。清代宁夏的回族在长期的经济活动中,形成了以农业为主,兼营畜牧业、手工业和商业的经济结构。正确认识和了解回族在古代宁夏经济开发中的作用,对于当前正确处理民族关系、加快宁夏经济发展具有重要的意义。

  15. Impact of Tai Chi Chu'an practice on balance and mobility in older adults: an integrative review of 20 years of research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hackney, Madeleine E; Wolf, Steven L

    2014-01-01

    Falls in older adults, which often result from decreased balance and mobility, are an important public health issue. The American College of Sports Medicine recommends multidimensional balance and mobility training to prevent falls. In the past 20 years, Tai Chi Chu'an (tai chi) has been found to be effective in improving balance, reducing falls and fear of falling for older adults. Efficient use of time devoted to exercise is critical; therefore, more research is needed into the underlying mechanisms of balance and mobility improvements in older adults as a result of tai chi practice, so that these interventions can be most targeted and efficient. The purpose of this integrative review is twofold. First, evidence is presented to show that balance and mobility have been improved by tai chi in older adults. Second, potential mechanisms of balance improvement from research conducted in longtime tai chi practitioners, and from clinical research conducted in older adults, are offered. A PubMed search with the terms "tai chi" and "balance" entered simultaneously was conducted. Articles were included if they were systematic reviews, pilot or clinical trials, related to both balance and tai chi, and/or specifically related to determining the mechanisms potentially underlying tai chi's effects. The systematic reviews and meta-analyses show that aspects of tai chi research findings remain equivocal. In spite of the inconclusiveness of these review findings, many researchers have considered tai chi worthy of further investigation. Furthermore, practitioners in the clinic and those who deliver exercise in the community have evidently embraced tai chi as an appropriate exercise for older adults. This review, spanning 2 decades, suggests that tai chi has impacted the health and health behaviors of many older adults. Going forward, informing novel balance and mobility rehabilitation by uncovering mechanisms of tai chi's effects definitively may be the most important area of

  16. The Functional Study of a Chinese Herbal Compounded Antidepressant Medicine--Jie Yu Chu Fan Capsule on Chronic Unpredictable Mild Stress Mouse Model.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lingling Ding

    Full Text Available Jie Yu Chu Fan capsule (JYCF is a new compounded Chinese herbal medicine for the treatment of depression. The present study was designed to explore the antidepressant effects and the possible mechanisms of JYCF by using chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS mouse model and comparing results to that of fluoxetine. Behavioral tests including an open field test, sucrose preference test and forced swim test were performed to evaluate the antidepressant effects of JYCF. The concentrations of monoamine neurotransmitters and metabolic products including norepinephrine (NE, 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT, dopamine (DA, 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA, homovanillic acid (HVA and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC in the cerebral cortex and hippocampus of mice were determined by means of high performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection (HPLC-EC. The results show that a successful mouse CUMS model was established through 5 weeks of continuous unpredictable stimulation, as indicated by the significant decrease in sucrose preference and locomotor activity and increase in immobility time in the forced swim test. Chronic treatment of JYCF (1.25, 2.5 and 5 g/kg and fluoxetine (20 mg/kg significantly reversed the CUMS-induced behavioral abnormalities. JYCF (1.25, 2.5 and 5 g/kg significantly increased NE in CUMS mouse prefrontal cortex (P < 0.01, P < 0.01, P < 0.05 respectively and 5-HT in hippocampus (P < 0.05. In summary, our findings suggest that JYCF exerts comparable antidepressant-like effects to that of fluoxetine in CUMS mice. Besides, the antidepressant-like effect of JYCF is mediated by the increase of monoaminergic transmitters including 5-HT and NE.

  17. Different Directions to the Origin of Arts:Chu Kwang-tsien and Ernst Grosse%不同指向的艺术起源论:朱光潜与格罗塞

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱仁金

    2014-01-01

    The aesthetic thoughts of Chu Kwang-tsien was impelled by both Chinese and western aesthetic traditions , and On Poems was the very representative works of such feature.In that book, on the basis of western aesthetics, Chu Kwang-tsien constant-ly overcame and broke through the Chinese traditional poetic system which called “illogical and irrational” by him in order to make it more systematized.During this course of solving that problem, there was a man and a book exerting a crucial influence on Chu Kwang-tsien, that was Ernst Grosse and his book, The Beginnings of Art.But so far, the correlational studies in China involved in On Po-ems by Chu Kwang-tsien and The Beginnings of Art by Ernst Grosse hasn ’ t deserved attentions.For this reason, embarking on the content of writing, viewpoints of inheritance and textual structure between these two books to make a detailed interpretation would re-veal the profound influence of The Beginnings of art on On Poems.However, encountering the clash of tradition and reality, Chu Kwang-tsien presented a different theory of the origin of arts from the aesthetic thoughts of Ernst Grosse:arts were rooted in psychol-ogy rather than determined by the mode of production; literature and arts expressed themselves and their own individual values. Therefore, On Poems is not only worthy of our further research, but also can reveal the profound connotation and specific character of Chu Kwang-tsien’ s aesthetic thoughts, which has some reference significance to disclose the progress of modern transformation of Chinese traditional aesthetics, as well as the construction of Chinese local discourse theory.%朱光潜的美学思想融贯了中西美学两大传统,《诗论》①是这一特点的集中代表:朱光潜借助西方美学不断克服和突破中国传统诗论的“零乱琐碎”,并使其体系化和系统化。格罗塞及其代表作《艺术的起源》对朱光潜产生过至关重要的影响。朱光潜《诗

  18. On Connotation of Chu Culture and Its Representation in Image of Phoenix%楚文化的内涵及其在凤形象中的建楠

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘建明; 任婷

    2012-01-01

    The formation of a nation's spiritual temperament is closely connected with the nation's historical de- velopment. A nation's history has profound influence on the nation's cultural symbol as well. By using documentation method and comparative analytical method, with the historical research perspective, the background of the formation of Chu Culture and its history have been analyzed. And the mingled relationship between Chu Culture and the image of phoenix has been explored. The research shows that the cultural temperament which phoenix presents reflects the spiri- tual connotation of "harmony between the heaven and human; incorporation of things from the East and West; no fear of authority" in Chu Culture.%民族精神气质的形成是与民族历史的发展密不可分,民族历史的发展同时也深刻地影响着民族的文化标志。运用文献资料法、比较研究法。从历史研究的视角,深入剖析楚文化产生的背景与发展历程,并从中探求楚文化内涵与凤形象间的共融关系。研究认为:凤形象所展示的文化气质正好体现了“天人合一与道法自然的浪漫意境、开放融合与兼容并包的自信心态、刚毅顽强与不惧权威的强劲人格”等楚文化的精神内质

  19. Banter and Criticism: Comment on the Comic Art of Chu Opera "Ge Ma"%戏谑与批判:论楚剧《葛麻》的喜剧艺术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨锦辉

    2012-01-01

    The traditional Chu Opera of "Gema" is an ironic and critical comedy which "despises the poor and curries favor with the rich, compels the son - in - law to break off an engagement" Its exquisite original comedy art manifests in three aspects of the comedic characterization, the comedic play conflict and the comedic character lines. The perfect integration of these three aspects highlighted the worker Ge Ma "righleousness" , "wisdom" and "Fun" character, strengthened banter and the criticism to nouveau riche Ma Duo. " Ge Ma " with its successful comedy artistic features, becomes an outstanding model of traditional Chu Opera, which is welcomed and praised by most audience , but also creates the "Ma Ge" direction of tradition Chu Opera.%传统楚剧《葛麻》是一部讽刺和批判“嫌贫爱富、逼婿退婚”行为的喜剧,其精湛独到的喜剧艺术体现在喜剧性的人物塑造、戏剧冲突和人物台词三个方面。这三个方面的完美整合,突出了雇工葛麻“义”、“智”、“趣”的性格特征,强化了对暴发户马铎的戏谑与批判。《葛麻》以其成功的喜剧艺术特色,成为传统楚剧中的典范之作,备受观众欢迎与好评,同时也开创了传统楚剧的“葛麻”方向。

  20. Talking about the scene of diet and cooking based on Pao Chu Tu(kitchen picture) of Han dynasty%从汉画像石庖厨图谈汉代饮食烹饪状况

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨金萍

    2009-01-01

    汉画像石庖厨图以生动写真的画面,再现了汉代饮食烹饪状况.山东诸城等地庖厨图,描绘了占代庞大忙碌的烹饪场面,包括宰杀、汲水、蒸煮、炙烤、酿酒等各种厨事活动,展示了汉代先进烹饪厨具如釜、甑、鼎、烤炉等,以及汉人繁复的烹饪技术如蒸、煮、炮、炙等,反映了汉代丰富的食物种类.汉画像石庖厨图为我们研究汉代饮食生活提供了珍贵的资料.%The Pao Chu Tu(kitchen picture)of Han dynasty stone relief reconstructed the state of dietary cooking of Han dynasty with vivid and authentic picture.The Pao Chu Tu(kitchen picture)of Shandong Zhucheng city depicted ancient enormous and busy cooking scene which involved all kinds of cooking activities such as butcher,bailing,stewing,roast and brewing wine etc,displaying the advanced kitchen ware e.g.kettle,caldron,tripod,oven and complex cooking technology of Han Chinese people such as steaming,boiling,stirring baking and roast erc,reflecting rich dietary categories of Han dynasty.The Pao Chu Tu (kitchen picture)of Han dynasty stone relief provide us precious datas for the purpose of the study of dictary living of Han dynasty.

  1. Exploring the effect of hui-merchant’s clan sense and family business in Anhui%徽商宗族观对当代安徽家族企业发展的作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    As the support of clan, ancient hui-merchants were al-powerful more then 300 years. Nowadays, there are many family business improve rapidly in the land of Anhui with the support of family. This thesis explores the interaction between the hui-merchants and lineage from the clan sense, at the same time, sums up the inheritance and development of hui-merchants on the clan sense. Exploring the advantage of the hui-merchants’ clan sense. The purpose is to find out how the clan sense support the Anhui family business entrepreneurial management, and take great use of its benefits. So we can improve the succes ful rate of the family business entrepreneurship, and promote the development of the enterprises in Anhui.%  由于宗族力量等原因的支持,古徽商携亲带友在商场叱咤风云三百余年。今天,在徽商曾经居住过的土地上,由于家族力量的支持,新徽商的家族企业正在快速发展。本文从宗族观角度出发,探究徽商与宗族之间的相互作用,研究家族企业的特点和发展过程,同时,总结新徽商对徽商宗族观的继承和发展,目的是为了发现宗族观对安徽家族企业的影响,积极利用其有利方面,从而提高家族企业创业的成功率,促进安徽家族企业的发展。

  2. Creativity Makes A New County——Hui Autonomous County of Dachang%图强求精天地新创意水乡展宏图——大厂回族自治县

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ Hui Autonomous County of Dachang was established in 1955, a Beijing-nearest county of ethnic minority group. Dachang, is a creative city from water. It is origi-nally a piece of vast grassland with beauti-ful scenery full of spring and grass. The emperor Zhu Li of Ming Dynasty estab-lished royal horse ground here and granted Dachang as its name.

  3. The Peacocks Flying to the Southeast and Ancient Chinese Marriage Customs of“Chu Fu”%«孔雀东南飞»与中国古代“出妇”婚俗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丰建霞

    2015-01-01

    通过文献研究阐述了中国古代出妇婚俗,并从出妇婚俗的角度对中国古代文学史上著名的叙事长诗«孔雀东南飞»进行了解读。出妇礼俗是古代婚姻礼俗制度的构成部分,其内容包括“七出之制”即出妻的七种规定,出妇行为遵循特定的礼仪程式进行,出妇享有一定的尊严和财产所有权。«孔雀东南飞»是一首出妇(妻)诗。兰芝被遣属“子甚宜其妻,父母不悦,出。”的情形,诗歌叙写了兰芝被遣的过程,反映了她对自己私物拥有处置权的事实。%The purpose of current study is to produce a detailed account of how “Chu Fu”works as ancient Chinese marriage custom through the review of literature,and the writer interprets The Peacocks Flying to the Southeast ———the well-known long narrative poem in China's history of litera-ture from the perspective of the customs.“Chu Fu”is a component of the ancient Chinese marriage customs.It included “The Seven Dispossession”which refers to seven stipulations when man repudi-ates his wife.The ceremony of“Chu Fu”follows specified procedures,and reserves a certain degree of dignity and property ownership to the repudiated wives.The Peacocks Flying to the Southeast is a po-em for “Chu Fu”.Lanzhi's dispossession can be categorized as the case “the son loves his wife very much,but the parents don't,then dispossesses her from the family”.The poem describes the process of Lanzhi's dispossession,and reflects the fact that Lanzhi has right to dispose her personal belong-ings.

  4. Bibliometrics Analysis on the Periodical Literature in the Journal of Hui Muslim Minority Studies in China%我国回族研究引用期刊文献计量分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘玉霞

    2012-01-01

    Taking the 2001-2010 statistical data of refers to the periodical literature of Journal of Hui Muslim Minority Studies which is the unique academic journal to study the historical culture of Hui nationality and the problem of the Hui nationality during the Socialist period as the base, the paper makes the statistics and analysis on the reference frequency, the kinds of reference periodicals, subject publications of the referred papers and papers publishment, and so on, from the perspective of bibliometrics.%以我国唯一的全方位研究回族历史文化及社会主义时期回族问题的学术性期刊——《回族研究》2001-2010年引用期刊文献的统计数据为蓝本,从引用频次、引用期刊种类、引用论文的学科发布及著者发布等方面,从文献计量学视角,进行了统计与分析.

  5. 论回族口承非物质文化的传承与保护%Research on the Inheritance and Protection of the Oral Culture of the Hui Minority

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马晓琴

    2012-01-01

    The oral cultural heritage of the Hui is rich in content and vast in scope. Related government de- partments and scholars have made positive efforts and attained a certain level of success in rescuing and protecting intangible aspects of Hui culture. However, with the shock of globalization and modernization, the oral culture of the Hui is confronted with marginalization and eradication. For this reason, there is an urgent need for the inherit- ance and protection of its cultural heritage.%回族口承非物质文化遗产内容丰富,种类众多。相关政府部门和学者积极有为,在抢救和保护回族非物质文化方面作出积极努力并取得一定成效。但在全球化和现代化的冲击下,回族口承文化仍然面临边缘化和被消解的窘境。因此,对其保护和传承工作亟须跟进。

  6. 临夏回族舞蹈的动律特征及形成因素%Movement Patterns and Formative factors of Hui Dance in Linxia Area,Gansu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马路明; 李琦

    2011-01-01

    "动律"是一个民族舞蹈风格的重要体现,对动律特征及形成因素的深入分析,能帮助我们理解该民族舞蹈中的多元文化现象。笔者以甘肃临夏地区的回族舞蹈为切入点,试析在特定的自然环境、生活习俗和民族心理等因素中回族舞蹈的动律特征及形成因素,以进一步推进回族舞蹈的继承与发展。%Movement pattern is an important manifestation of ethnic dance styles. By analyzing features of movement patterns and their formative factors,multi-cultures can be revealed in the ethnic dance. The author of the paper examines Hui dance in Linxia area of Gansu Province,analyzing how specific environment,living habit and customs as well as ethnic psychology has influenced the movement patterns and formation of the dance of Hui people. The purpose of the study is to offer suggestions to the inheritance and development of Hui dance.

  7. Hui Musl ims’ National Identity and Cultural Consciousnesses duringAnti-Japanese War%抗日战争时期回族的国家意识与文化自觉

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓霞

    2015-01-01

    国家意识提升与民族文化自觉是近现代以来回族发展的新气象,在抗日战争时期,回族更是以奋勇抗战、爱国爱教的实际行动体现出回族在近代民族国家条件下对民族与国家利益相一致关系的深刻认识。回族的民族文化自觉也将回族引向现代民族发展之路。%Chinese Hui Muslims had promoted national identity and ethnic cultural consciousness since modern China , which as a new phenomenon, had been embodied during the anti-Japanese war that Hui Muslims implemented their ideology of Love Nation and Love Islam into effect.Hui Muslims’ ethnic cultural consciousness helped themselves find a route to modern development .

  8. Analysis of the Source of the Famous Brand of the Hui Muslims’ Restaurant%回族餐饮老字号品牌资产来源分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    景娥

    2015-01-01

    Hui Muslims’ famous brands are the precious heritage after many years of operation, which is influenced by the epitome of the Hui culture. Brand awareness, brand loyalty, brand association are three elements which have significant positive impact on Hui Mus-lims’ famous brands. In this article, we suggest that the famous brands consistently help update the brand connotation, constantly enhance the brand awareness, foster customer brand loyalty, and establish a convenient service business philosophy.%回族餐饮老字号是回族文化的宝贵资产。品牌认知、品牌忠诚度、品牌联想三个要素对回族餐饮老字号品牌资产有显著正向影响,建议回族老字号更新回族餐饮老字号品牌内涵,不断提升品牌知名度,培育顾客品牌忠诚度,树立便捷服务经营理念。

  9. Zoning by Functions of Small-Scale Forest Ecosystems:A Case Study of Hui-Sun Forest Station in Taiwan Province,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chang Hsiaofei; Wang Yanglin; Li Zhengguo; Hsueh Ichen

    2006-01-01

    To optimize the spatial structure of an ecosystem,a forest landscape was selected as a research object.Based on the theory of structure and functions of landscape ecology,combined with the analysis of the characteristics of the inner structure in an ecosystem,this paper proposes to establish certain procedures to regulate the spatial structure of this forest landscape and construct a landscape pattern of forest ecosystem functions.Considering the functions of biologic production,environmental services,and cultural support in forest ecosystems,forest landscape zones should consist of areas of forest production,research,experimentation,recreation,and conservation to add value to the forest ecosystem,enhance its functions,and then identify the relevant environmental factors according to the environment featured in the research area.Based on the methods of landscape ecology and ecological planning,this paper develops a zoning project of ecosystem functions suitable for various environments.For this research,the Hui-Sun forest station in Taiwan Province,China was selected to be the experimental area for studying the feasibility of developing a zoning project of forest ecosystem services and the suitability of optimizing the spatial structures of the services.

  10. 桂林草坪回族乡特色休闲旅游发展%Characteristic Leisure Tourism Development of Caoping Hui Township of Guilin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾丽萍

    2015-01-01

    Some factors such as the backward tourism infrastructure, the serious loss of the culture tourist resources, t he single tourism project and the lack of innovation and tourism talents restrict tourism development of Caoping Hui Township of Guilin. By analyzing the resources superiority and developing status, the study put forward some development countermeasures, such as improving the infrastructure construction and tourism security system, strengthening the construction of cultural connotation and tourism information, and innovating the methods of leisure tourism.%旅游基础设施较为落后, 文化旅游资源流失严重, 旅游项目单一, 缺乏创新以及旅游开发人才匮乏等因素制约着桂林草坪回族乡的旅游发展. 通过探讨草坪回族乡的资源优势和发展现状, 提出完善基础设施建设、 创新休闲旅游方式、 加强文化内涵建设、 健全旅游保障制度、 加强旅游信息化建设等发展对策.

  11. Impact of anthropogenic and natural environmental changes on Echinococcus transmission in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, the People’s Republic of China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yang Yu

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Echinococcus transmission is known to be affected by various environmental factors, which may be modified by human influence or natural events including global warming. Considerable population growth in the last fifty years in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (NHAR, the People’s Republic of China (PRC, has led to dramatic increases in deforestation and modified agricultural practices. In turn, this has resulted in many changes in the habitats for the definitive and intermediate hosts of both Echinococcus granulosus and E. multilocularis, which have increased the risks for transmission of both parasites, affecting echinococcosis prevalence and human disease. Ecological environmental changes due to anthropogenic activities and natural events drive Echinococcus transmission and NHAR provides a notable example illustrating how human activity can impact on a parasitic infection of major public health significance. It is very important to continually monitor these environmental (including climatic factors that drive the distribution of Echinococcus spp. and their impact on transmission to humans because such information is necessary to formulate reliable future public health policy for echinococcosis control programs and to prevent disease spread.

  12. Distribuição da fauna de peixes demersais e ecologia dos Sciaenidae da plataforma continental brasileira, entre as latitudes 29º21'S (Tôrres e 33º41'S (Chuí Distribution of demersal fish fauna and ecology of Sciaenidae on the Brazilian continental shelf from 29º21'S (Torres to 33º44'S (Chuí

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gelso Vazzoler

    1975-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with a study on Brazilian south coast continental shelf demersal fish fauna distribution and Sciaenidae ecology, comprising the latitudes between Torres (29º21'S -49º44'W and Chuí (33º41'S - 53º27'W. The data on oceanographic as well as on ichthyological variables were obtained from six cruises planned to cover all seasons during the period from April 1968 to March 1969. The variation of the physical conditions of the bottom water layer is studied covering temperature, salinity, dissolved oxygen and type of bottom. The demersal fish families distribution is presented according to its frequencies of occurrence and its particular abundance. As Sciaenidae family shows to be the most important predominant group each species is studied in detail with reference to its distribution and relative abundance, as well as its spatial and temporal variations according to the abiotic environment. Relationship between Sciaenidae species is also discussed concerning feeding habits and the Cole coefficient of inter-specific association is estimated for pairs of species.

  13. 民国时期回族报刊关于回族婚俗问题的讨论%The Discussion of the HuiM uslims’ Traditions of Marriage on Their Newspapers during the Republic of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘莉

    2013-01-01

    在民国时期新兴的回族报刊中,回族婚姻问题是当时回族知识阶层热烈讨论的焦点问题之一。回族知识分子就回族社会中存在的早婚、奢侈婚姻和不遵从伊斯兰教义的诸多婚姻陋俗展开批判,并有针对性地提出了许多卓有成效的改革措施,即适龄结婚、简朴婚礼和向伊斯兰教义回归。这些讨论和重建措施实质上折射了民国时期回族婚姻中“变”与“不变”的特征:产生一定变化的是婚姻仪式与观念,不变的是共同的伊斯兰宗教信仰以及相关联的民族认同感,以维护族群边界。%Hui Muslims’Marriage, as one of the core problems, was hotly discussed by the intellectuals on Hui Mus-lims’newly edited newspapers during the Republic of China .The Hui Muslim intellectuals criticized the phenomena existed in the Hui Muslim society , such as early marriage , luxurious wedding and traditions of marriage not followed by the Islamic doctrines.Besides, they proposed some effective reformations with regard to the marriage age , simple wedding and retur-ning to the doctrine etc ., which reflected the characteristics of changing and invariability of Hui Muslims ’ marriage during the Republic of China .The changing of it are rituals and perceptions , and the invariabilities are belief and ethnic identities , of which to maintain the boundaries of ethnicity .

  14. Prévalence des dyslipidémies au laboratoire de biochimie du CHU Aristide le Dantec de Dakar, Sénégal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cissé, Fatou; Agne, Fatou Diallo; Diatta, Alassane; Mbengue, Abdou Salam; Ndiaye, Arame; Samba, Abdourahmane; Thiam, Souleymane; Doupa, Dominique; Sarr, Gaston Ndéné; Sall, Niama Diop; Touré, Méissa

    2016-01-01

    Introduction L'objectif de cette étude était d'évaluer la prévalence des dyslipidémies chez les patients reçus au laboratoire de Biochimie de l'Hôpital Aristide Le Dantec pour le dosage d'un paramètre lipidique au cours de l'année 2013. Méthodes Il s'agit d'une étude rétrospective portant sur 1356 patients âgés de 10 à 94 ans reçus au laboratoire de Biochimie du CHU Le Dantec de janvier à décembre 2013. Etaient inclus dans l'étude, tous les patients ayant au moins un paramètre du bilan lipidique dont les résultats étaient enregistrés dans le registre du laboratoire. Le cholestérol total, le cholestérol HDL, le cholestérol LDL ainsi que les triglycérides ont été dosés grâce à des méthodes enzymatiques sur un automate de Biochimie de type Cobas Integra 400 (Roche Diagnostics). Résultats La prévalence des dyslipidémies dans notre population d'étude est de 39,30%. Les prévalences de l'hypercholestérolémie, l'hypoHDLémie, l'hyperLDLémie, l'hypertriglycéridémie et l'hyperlipidémie mixte étaient respectivement : 30,89% ; 7,30% ; 31,19% ; 0,51% ; 7,22%. Les sujets de 40 à 59 ans semblaient être plus exposés et on note une prédominance féminine en ce qui concerne l'hypercholestérolémie (54,17% vs 45,82%), l'hypoHDLémie (54,54% vs45, 45%), et l'hyperlipidémie mixte (51,08% vs 48,97%). Enfin les dyslipidémies étaient fortement corrélées à l'HTA et l'obésité. Conclusion La forte prévalence des dyslipidémies retrouvée dans notre étude démontre l'intérêt d'étudier la prévalence des facteurs de risque cardio-vasculaires en particulier les dyslipidémies dans la population sénégalaise. PMID:28292030

  15. Les complications chirurgicales de la transplantation rénale à partir du donneur vivant: expérience du CHU Ibn Sina de Rabat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Intissar Haddiya

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: La transplantation rénale (TR est actuellement considérée comme un traitement de choix de l’insuffisance rénale chronique terminale (IRCT. Ses résultats se sont améliorés au cours des dernières années. Cependant, les complications chirurgicales demeurent graves car elles touchent un rein unique et surviennent sur un terrain fragilisé par l’insuffisance rénale et l’immunosuppression. L’objectif de ce travail est d’évaluer la fréquence des complications chirurgicales lors de l’activité de TR au CHU Ibn Sina de Rabat, et de dégager les facteurs ayant influé l’apparition de ces complications. METHODES: Étude rétrospective des patients transplantés rénaux à partir de donneurs vivants apparentés (DVA de Juin 1999 à Décembre 2008 dans notre centre hospitalo-universitaire. Nous avons recensé les caractéristiques propres au receveur, au prélèvement, au donneur ainsi qu’au greffon. Les complications chirurgicales ont été colligées ainsi que leur prise en charge et évolution. RESULTATS: Soixante sept dossiers ont été analysés avec un suivi moyen de 55 +/- 28 mois. 38 complications chirurgicales ont été recensées : sténose des artères rénales (38,7%, lymphocèle (21%, hématome (12,7%, thrombose vasculaire (7,8%, reflux vésico-urétéral (4,8%, rupture du greffon (3,2%, calcul (1 cas, éventration (1 cas, L’analyse statistique de notre série n’a pas mis en évidence de facteurs de risque significatifs semblant influer sur l’incidence des complications chirurgicales. CONCLUSION: La morbidité liée aux complications chirurgicales de la TR reste élevée nécessitant un diagnostic et un traitement adéquat afin d’éviter les répercussions sur la survie des patients et des greffons.

  16. Investigation of sleep patterns and sleep disorders in Uigur and Hui children in XinJiang%新疆维吾尔族和回族儿童睡眠状况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    塔吉古丽·阿不扎热; 徐佩茄; 阿曼古丽·铁木尔; 张季红

    2011-01-01

    Objective To study the sleep quality and quantity and their influencing factors in Uigur and Hui children in Xinjiang Province. Methods From March to December of 2007, 912 Uigur and 1019 Hui school children (6 to 14 years) were randomly sampled from 6 cities of Xinjing Province. The questionnaire on children's sleep states and sleep environments was filled in by children's parents. Results The mean sleep time of Uigur and Hui children was 10. 1 ±1.4 hrs. The sleep time in Uigur children was significantly less than that in Hui children (9.7 ± 1.2 hrs vs 10.4 ±1.5 hfs; P <0.05 ). The mean incidence of sleep disorders was 23.56%. The Uigur children had a lower incidence of sleep disorders compared with the Hui children ( 18.42% vs 28.16%; P <0. 001 ). Ethnic group, sleep latency, use ora swing bed, family history of snore, watching TV before sleeping, hypertrophy of tonsils, eating before sleeping,feeding patterns and recurrent upper respiratory tract infection were the factors associated with the sleep quality and quantity. Conclusions The influencing factors of sleep quality and quantity are multifactorial in Uigur and Hui children in Xinjiang Province. Pediatrician, child health care doctors and parents should pay more attention to children's sleep. The incidence of sleep disorders is different between Uigur and Hui children, suggesting that more research for the prevention and treatment of sleep disorders should be performed in different ethic groups.%目的 了解新疆维吾尔族与回族儿童睡眠状况及其相关影响因素.方法 2007年3-12月采取随机整群抽样的方法,在新疆地区6个县市的小学随机抽取912名维吾尔族学龄儿童和1019名回族学龄儿童,年龄6~14岁,在严格质量控制下由调查者对家长进行儿童睡眠状况的问卷调查.结果 维吾尔族、回族儿童平均睡眠时间为10.1±1.4 h,其中维吾尔族为9.7±1.2 h,回族为10.4±1.5 h,两民族间差异有统计学意义(P<0

  17. Divinities and Spirits in the Activities of Magic Prayer Recorded on the Baoshan Chu Bamboo Slips%包山简所见楚地巫祷活动中的神灵

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    连劭名

    2001-01-01

    Among the Chu State bamboo slips from Baoshan, there are those recording activitiesof divination and magic prayer and, in many cases, mentioning the names of divinities and spirits, whichconstitute greatly significant material to the study of the Chu people's folklore and religious belief. Of these names the most important are “Jia 夹” i.e. “Ming命 ” in textual records ; “Zhifu 至福 ” and“Zhiming 至命”,i. e. “Xiuming 休命”;“Yongzhong?D3乐铡? the divinity for both y/n and yang ; “Ren Yu人禹”; the honorific title of Yu, one of the greatest human beings in a position higher than that of di-vinities in ancient people's mind; “Mingzu 明祖”, the source of light, i. e. the essence of the sun and“Jianmuwei 渐木位”, i.e. “Mingshu 命树” mentioned in the Taiping Scripture 《太平经》 .The rest in-eludes “Zu 祖 ”, “Bingsi 兵死”, “Zhiniu直牛”, “Shuishang水上”and “Moren没人”, which are also stud-ied to a certain extent in the present paper.

  18. 试论包山2号楚墓饰棺连璧制度%On the Institution of Decorating Coffins with Bi Discs Reflected in Chu Tomb No.2 at Baoshan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄凤春

    2001-01-01

    The institution of decorating coffins was a part of funeral ritual in the pre-Qin period and featured strict hierarchy. One of its versions was the practice of decorating coffins with bi discs. Jade bi as funeral objects are often seen in Chu State tombs, and many of them are placed outside coffins,which, however, remains beyond researchers' attention as the coffins have been rotted or robbed in most cases. In Chu Tomb No. 2 at Baoshan, the coffin-furnishing institution and the exact place of jade bi are seen rather clear. The finds indicate that the jade bi must have been fixed as coffin decorations outside the inner coffin, on the end wall. It is very likely that they were intended to function as the opening for the spirits of the deceased to pass through. The use of bi as funeral objects can be traced to the Hongshan and Liangzhu cultures, and was followed in the Han period. But the institution of decorating coffins with bi in the Han dynasty paled before the previous one in both function and religious sense. On the one hand, the bi for coffin decoration were largely not real and were transformed towards a design; on the other, the number of bi and the place where they were fixed were decided extremely at will.

  19. Hospital and community surveys reveal the severe public health problem and socio-economic impact of human echinococcosis in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Y R; Williams, G M; Craig, P S; Sun, T; Yang, S K; Cheng, L; Vuitton, D A; Giraudoux, P; Li, X; Hu, S; Liu, X; Pan, X; McManus, D P

    2006-06-01

    A comprehensive study of human echinococcosis (caused by Echinococcus granulosus or E. multilocularis), including assessment of hospital records, community surveys and patient follow-up, was conducted in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (NHAR), China. In contrast to hospital records that showed 96% of echinococcosis cases were caused by cystic echinococcosis (CE), 56% of cases detected in active community surveys were caused by alveolar echinococcosis (AE). The AE and CE cases co-existed frequently in the same village, even occurring in the same patient. A serious public health problem caused by echinococcosis was evident in southern NHAR, typified by: a long diagnostic history for both AE and CE (7.5 years) compared with a shorter treatment history (4.7 years); a significant mortality rate (39%) caused by AE in one surveyed village, where patients had no previous access to treatment; family aggregation of CE and AE cases; a high proportion of both AE (62.5%) and CE (58%) in females; a high rate of recurrent surgery (30%) for CE demonstrated by surgical records; and frequent symptomatic recurrences (51%) because of discontinuous or sporadic access to chemotherapy for AE. The disease burden for both human AE and CE is thus very severe among these rural communities in NHAR, and this study provides the first attempt to determine the costs of morbidity and surgical intervention of human CE and AE cases both at the hospital and community level in this setting. This information may be useful for assessing the cost effectiveness of designing effective public health programs to control echinococcosis in this and other endemic areas in China and elsewhere.

  20. A Research of the Ethnic Intermarriage of Muslim (Hui) Tibetans in Shigatse%日喀则“藏回”族际通婚调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗布; 孙海芳

    2016-01-01

    with the deepening of inter-ethnic communication, the Muslim(Hui) Tibetans in Shigatse as a typical ex⁃ample of acculturation, is a group of people have been gradually“Tibetanized”in the process of inter-ethnic communication, but they consciously preserve and inherit their national identity at the aspect of religious belief and ethnic intermarriage. Compared with the strict marriage discipline of the Muslim people in inland prohibit⁃ing ethnic intermarriage, the Muslim Tibetans in Shigatse allow ethnic intermarriage, but the Tibetans or any oth⁃er ethnic people, who marry with the Muslim Tibetans, have to convert their religious beliefs to Islam first.%伴随着族际交流的日益深入,日喀则“藏回”作为文化涵化的典型例证,是族际深度交往过程中,逐步“藏化”的群体,但是在宗教信仰与族际通婚方面,刻意保留并维持着原有的民族特征。较之内地回族严格族内婚姻的戒律,日喀则“藏回”可以接受“藏入回”或者其他民族“入回”,可以婚娶他族的配偶,但是前提条件是对方必须信仰伊斯兰教,即改变原有宗教信仰。除却极端个例外,不存在“回入藏”的现象。

  1. The Hui Architectural Phenomenon Analysis based on the Traditional Wooden Space: A Case Study of Traditional Wooden Mosque of Ningxia Hui Nationality%基于传统木构空间的回族建筑现象解析——以宁夏回族传统木构清真寺为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    燕宁娜

    2013-01-01

    In China,the mosque as a typical representative of the Islamic Architecture,along with the process of the introduction and spread of Islam,experienced four periods of transplant,formed,high tide,stagnation and recession.Mosque in China has designed withthe basic rules of the World Islamic Architecture,at the same time,the formation of a unique shape and style are different from those of other religious buildings.Ningxia as the only largest Muslim population settlements,due to its unique geographical environment,sociocultural and religious history,traditional building skills and other reasons,makes the region Hui mosque have showed the significant differences with other regions.The paper selects Ningxia traditional wooden mosque building as an object of study,analyzes the monomer building space from the overall layout,timber frame and technology.It reveals a tradifional wooden frame of the Ningxia Hui mosques architectural features,provides evidence for protection and inheritance Hui wooden architecture,space design practices and reference in the Ningxia region.%在中国,伊斯兰教建筑的典型代表——清真寺,随着伊斯兰教的传入,在传播的过程中,经历了移植、形成、高潮、停滞衰退等四个时期.中国清真寺建筑在遵循了世界伊斯兰教建筑的基本规则的同时,形成了有别于其他宗教建筑的独有形制和风格.宁夏作为全国唯一的、最大的回族人口聚居地,由于其独特的地理环境、社会文化、宗教历史、传统建筑技艺等原因,使得该地区的回族清真寺表现出与其他地区显著的差异.该文选取宁夏境内传统木构清真寺建筑作为研究对象,从总体布局、单体建筑空间、木构架技术等方面对其进行深入解析,揭示了宁夏回族传统木构架清真寺建筑特征,为宁夏地区保护与传承回族木构建筑技术、空间设计手法等提供实证与参考.

  2. OBSERVATION ON MICROSTRUCTURE AND ULTROSTRUCTURE OF THE VENOMOUS GLAND IN STINGRAY (DASYATIS LAEVIGALUS CHU)%光魟毒腺的显微和超微结构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓萍; 张克凌; 于业军; 方丽华; 王海青; 孙衍增

    2001-01-01

    In order to study the mechanism of Stingrays Dasyatis laevigalus Chu sting, the structure of the venomous gland of the Stingray was observed under light microsc ope and electromicroscope. The results showed that the venom tissue was the strati fied epithelium in the ventral lateral grooves. The epithelium consisted of abou t4 layers of cells from the base to the surface. The cells in stratum basale we re basophilic cuboidal cells which rested on the basement membrane. The cells abov e the stratum basale were polygonal cells with central nucleus and cytoplasm fil led with rough endoplasmic reticulum, ribosome, golgi apparatus and tonofibril. There were a few eosinophilic cells in HE staining scattered among the polygona l cells. Eosinophilic cells above the polygonal cells to the surface of the epit helium were about 10 layers and were also polygonal profile and were filled with many membranebound, electronlucent secretory granules (venom granules)in cy to plasma.Some free ribosomes, rough endoplasmic reticulium, golgi complexes and t onofilament were observed in the eosinophilic cells. Near the superficial cells the venom granules were fused. The superficial cell were flat which cytoplasm w ere filled with fused venom granules and degenerating mitochondria. The cell mem brane next to free surface thickened significantly like keratose. Melanocytes, l angerhans cells and merkel cells were also observed in the venom epithelium. The results suggest that the substances in the membranecoated, electronlucent g ra nules in eosinophilic cells may be the key factor in the envenomation by Stingrays.%为探讨魟类螫伤机理,用光镜和电镜观察了光魟的毒棘腹外侧纵沟内的毒腺的组织结构。结果表明:光魟的毒腺为复层上皮。从基底面到游离面依次为基底层、棘细胞层和嗜酸性细胞层。基底层细胞和棘层的细胞嗜碱性,棘细胞间有少量、散在分布的嗜酸性细胞;棘细胞的

  3. 自我叙事式解读回族宗教活动空间的意义%The Self-narrative Style Interpretation of Hui's Religious Activity Space

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白凯

    2012-01-01

    Based on emic perspective, this paper makes a subjective intentionality interpretation of the existential meaning of Hui's religious activity space by the self-narrative style method. After a complete autobiography and immersed thinking, the author holds the idea that there are some characteristics existing in Hui's religious activity space shown as follows: Firstly, homes, mosques and graveyards constitute the core of Hui's religious activity space. Secondly, for Muslim believers, homes, mosques and graveyards are not single physical space, but religious "places" which have unique significances. Thirdly, the author's memories and summaries of the religious functions and meanings of homes, mosques and graveyards illustrate that Hui's religious activity space are characterized by transformation from place to placelessness. The non-place conversion's place point is the mosque. Fourthly, "jie du wa"~a religious ceremony and religious behavior-builds bridges from space to place, from place to placelessness for Hui religious activity space. The analysis and conclusions explicate that Hui's religious activity space has the trait of transition from material religion spatial structure of place to spirit religious space structure of placelessness.%基于主位研究视角,以作者自我叙事的方式,对回族宗教活动空间的存在主义意涵进行了主体意向性解读,完整自叙和沉浸思考后作者认为,回族宗教活动空间存在以下特征:①回族宗教活动空间的核心构成为家、清真寺和坟园;②家、清真寺和坟园对回族宗教信仰者而言,不是单一的物理空间,而是具有特殊意义的宗教“地方”;③说明了回族宗教活动空间具有地方到无地方的转化特征,无地方转换的地方指向是清真寺;④“接都哇”这一宗教仪式和宗教行为构建了回族宗教活动空间从空间到地方,从地方到无地方转换的桥梁.该分析过程与结论说明了

  4. La mirada sartriana: poder y otredad en L’Être et le Néant, La Nausée y Huis clos (The Sartrean View: Power and Otherness in L’Être et le Néant, La Nausée and Huis clos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew Lloyd Smith

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available En L’Être et le Néant y La Nausée, Jean-Paul Sartre le otorga importancia a la mirada: aspecto esencial para explorar el tema existencial. Así, se analizan interrogantes y reflexiones como las siguientes: sin la mirada del otro, ¿cómo puedo saber verdaderamente que existo? Al verme y confirmar mi existencia, en ese mismo instante, la otra persona me convierte en un objeto, pues el observador es el sujeto de su mirada. Al mirar a los demás, soy también sujeto de mi mirada y convierto a los otros en objeto. El juego de la mirada es un juego de poder. La obra de teatro Huis clos también presenta el juego sartriano de poder y mirada, que será analizado en esta ponencia. Dans ses libres L’Être et le Néant et La Nausée Jean-Paul Sartre donne beaucoup d’importance au « regard ». Sartre nous dit que le regard est un aspect essentiel pour explorer le thème existentiel. Des questions et des réflexions comme les suivantes seront étudiées : sans le regard d’une autre personne, comment puis-je savoir si j’existe vraiment ? Quand une personne me regarde, elle confirme mon existence, mais en même temps elle me convertit en un objet puisque la personne qui me regarde est le sujet de son regard. Moi, quand je regarde l’autre personne je suis aussi le sujet de mon regard et je convertis l’autre personne en un objet. Ce jeu du regard est un jeu du pouvoir. La pièce de théâtre de Sartre Huis clos aussi présente ce jeu sartrien du pouvoir et du regard et sera analysée dans cette communication.

  5. Symbols of Maturity and the Leaving of a Legacy: A Preliminary Study of the Formation of Genealogies and Families among the Hui Muslim Minority People%成熟的象征与存在的延续——回族家谱与回族家族形成初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张訸

    2011-01-01

    本文就目前所发现的回族家谱进行研究,重点考察回族家谱的特点及回族家谱的修撰与回族家族组织的建立之间的关系;分析回族家谱与其他少数民族家谱的异同之处;阐释回族家谱的文化意义与社会价值。%This paper is devoted to the research of what is currently known regarding the genealogy of the Hui . Its focus is upon the study of distinctive characteristics of the Hui genealogy along with the relationship between genealogy composition and the establishment of Hui family clans. Also, it considers the similarities and differences between Hui genealogies and those of other ethnic minorities. Lastly, the paper expounds on the cultural significance and societal value of Hui genealogies.

  6. Hui Muslims Overseas Literature in Southeast Asia: A New Branch of Chinese Overseas Literature%海外华人文学的新支:东南亚回族华人文学

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨建军

    2016-01-01

    Hui Muslims Overseas Literature in Southeast Asia is literature branch active in Singapore and Malaysia , which has not yet attracted researchers attention .From 1950s to date, it could be divided into three stages .The formation of the Hui Muslims Overseas Literature in Southeast Asia is related to the Chinese Hui Muslims ' migration and the develop-ment of the Chinese literature .Studying on it will be helpful for comprehending the relations between Chinese Overseas lit -erature and Islamic culture , which mainly covered the themes crossing with Zhenghe , female and authors ' creativeness .%东南亚回族华人文学是海外华人文学中尚未引起研究者重视的一支. 东南亚回族华人文学活跃于新加坡和马来西亚,从20世纪50年代至今,大致可分为三个发展阶段,出现了戴小华等一批作家. 东南亚回族华人文学的形成与回族华人的移民活动和东南亚华人文学的发展有关,对其进行研究,有助于学界思考东南亚华人文学与伊斯兰文化的关系. 东南亚回族华人文学的特色在于郑和题材创作、女性题材创作,以及作家创作的跨越性.

  7. Professor OUYANG Hui-qing's explorations and practice on teaching of traditional Chinese medicine%欧阳惠卿中医教学观念的探索与实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖雅琪; 罗颂平; 黄洁明; 许丽绵; 赵颖

    2013-01-01

    欧阳惠卿通过长期的教学实践,逐步形成自己的中医教学观:教育培养中医人才是教研室第一要务,课堂教学与临床带教相结合以促进医学生成长,中医临床教学不可或缺,教学中应贯穿中医文化与学术传承.她的人才观为:教师人才是团队发展的关键,是教研室建设的核心内容,是学科人才建设的基础.她的教学管理观为:教研室主任是教育培养人才的实践者,教学团队发展的担当者.%Professor OUYANG Hui-qing's gradually formed her own teaching concept of traditional Chinese medicine through long-term teaching practice:the most important teaching aim is to cultivate talents of traditional Chinese medicine.Clinical practice together with classroom teaching can promote the growing knowledge of medical students.Clinical practices are necessary and should penetrate culture and academic tradition of traditional Chinese medicine.OUYANG Hui-qing's concepts on talents are:cultivating teaching faculties is the key to the development of the teaching team,the core of construction of the teaching and research section,and the basis of construction of the discipline.OUYANG Hui-qing's management concepts are:the dean of the teaching and research section is the practitioner of personnel training practice and the undertaker of teaching team development.

  8. 试论满族和回族饮食文化对近代成都的影响%Discussion on the Effect of Manchu and Hui Nationality Diet Culture on Modern Chengdu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁刚

    2012-01-01

    晚清民国的成都是现代川菜菜系的发源地与演变中心。成都的满族和回族人口也影响到了现代川菜菜系在成都的定型、发展和走向成熟的历史进程。满族、回族等少民族饮食文化推动了近代成都饮食业的发展,从原料选取、烹饪技法、菜品制作、筵席内容等方面给现代川菜菜系以影响。生活在成都的满族、回族等少数民族的饮食习俗为成都市民的饮食生活增添了新的内容,带来了新的饮食品种,大大丰富了成都川菜中的面食、糕点、小吃的内容。%late Qing Dynasty is the origin and evolution Center of modern Sichuan cuisine in Chengdu.Manchu and the Hui nationality population in Chengdu have also affected the historical process of the shaping,development and maturity of modern Sichuan cuisine in Chengdu.Manchu,Hui national minority diet culture has promoted the development of the catering industry in Chengdu,influenced the raw materials selection,cooking techniques,food production,content and other aspects of modern Sichuan cuisine.The diet custom of Manchu,Hui minority Living in Chengdu has added new content to Chengdu people 's diet,brought new dietary variety,greatly enriched the content of the pasta,cakes,snack of Sichuan cuisine in Chengdu.

  9. 设计美学语境下徽派建筑设计的传承与创新研究%Research on Inheritance and Innovation of Hui-style Architecture in the Content of Design Aesthetics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    左铁峰; 高巍

    2016-01-01

    基于设计美学的徽派建筑设计传承与创新研究,是将徽派建筑设计作为设计美学的一个对象予以面向,探讨与解决的是设计美学语境下徽派建筑如何传承与怎样创新的问题,需求的契合与提升、基因的提炼与重构和语境的拓展与延伸等是其工作应遵循的基本原则与实施策略。如同基于其他学科与视角的探究与论证一样,这样的“解决方案”必须要与其他的“措施办法”形成有机的“合力”,方能奏效。%The design aesthetics-based inheritance and innovation research of Hui-style architecture design , regarding Hui-style archi-tecture design as an object , discusses the problems of ways of inheritance and innovation of Hui -style architecture design , considering that the fit and promotion of needs , the refinement and reconstruction of gene and the development and extension of context are the bas -ic principles and implementing strategies .The same as exploration and demonstration based on other subjects and perspectives , this“solution” must combine a “resultant force” with other “measures”.

  10. 杨惠民教授治疗老年类风湿关节炎经验%Experience of Therapy Elderly Rheumatoid Arthritis by Professor YANG Hui-min

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜洋

    2012-01-01

    Introducing the therapy experience of elderly rheumatoid arthritis hy Professor YANG Hui-min, summarizing the pathogenic factors and pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis, dividing elderly rheumatoid into activity and stability of treatment.%介绍杨惠民教授治疗老年类风湿关节炎经验,总结老年类风湿关节炎的病因病机,将老年类风湿关节炎分活动期与稳定期进行治疗.

  11. [Comparative study of theoretical literature on cold pathogenic disease in Wai tai mi yao fang (Arcane Essentials from the Imperial Library) and Tai ping sheng hui fang (Taiping Holy Prescriptions for Universal Relief)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Huirui; Liang, Yongxuan

    2014-09-01

    In the Wai tai mi yao fang (Arcane Essentials from the Imperial Library) compiled in 752, its portion on cold pathogenic disorders embodies the achievements before the mid Tang Dynasty, whereas that in the Tai ping sheng hui fang (Taiping Holy Prescriptions for Universal Relief), compiled in 992 embodies those before the early Song Dynasty. Comparison on the theory of cold disorders in both books reveal that, during the 2 centuries period from mid Tang to early Song Dynasties, the texts as a carrier for the transmission of such theory in both show no distinct changes, but only with minor revisions and improvements.

  12. 论近代宁夏回族经堂教育的演变及特点%On Evolution and Characteristics of Ningxia Hui Mosque Education in Modern Times

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    文斐; 高石钢

    2014-01-01

    经堂教育产生于明清时期,是我国回族穆斯林接受教育的基本形式。近代以来,宁夏回族经堂教育由以往单一的宗教教育形式逐渐演变为回民小学、中阿学校、阿訇教义国文讲习所、伊斯兰教讲习所等多种形式,呈现出了种类繁多、办学方式多元,课程内容丰富、全面并与伊斯兰教积极互动的特点。近代社会思潮广泛传播的影响、回族的民族觉醒、崇尚求知的民族文化传统、上层人士的努力以及宁夏地方政府的推动作用等是造成近代宁夏回族经堂教育演变的社会、历史性原因。%The Muslim mosque education originated in the Ming and Qing Dynasties is a basic form of Hui Muslim education. In modern times,single traditional form of Ningxia Hui mosque religious education had changed into various forms,included Hui nationality elementary school,China-Arab school,imam doctrineˊs Chinese lecture assembly and Islam assembly,etc. Presented the characteristics of variety differently,running school forms multiply,course content rich and comprehensive and had a positive interaction with Islam. Modern social thoughts spread,national awakening of the ethnic Hui,national cultural traditionˊs advocating for knowledge,elite efforts and also Ningxia local governmentˊs pro-mote role was the social and history reasons.

  13. 宁夏农村回族妇女婚姻暴力处理方式探究%A Tentative Study on Hui Women’ s Ways to Deal with Marital Violence in Ningxia Rural Areas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王雪梅; 章志敏

    2016-01-01

    In recent years, marital violence has become a focus in academic field.However, researches on marital violence upon Hui women are not sufficient.Therefore, the paper is to make a tentative study on the ways that Hui women often take to deal with marital violence after they have suffered from it and some relative affecting factors based on a questionnaire survey, holding that Hui women in the rural areas of Ningxia are more inclined to tolerate marital violence and seek informal social support when seeking help, and the ways they take to deal with marital violence are influenced by their cognition of marital violence, their willingness to seek help and the factor whether mosques in their villages would take measures to solve the problem or not, etc.With these findings, the thesis is to provide some reference for preventing marital violence upon Hui women in the future.%近年来婚姻暴力问题一直被学界热议,但是关于农村回族妇女婚姻暴力问题的研究是比较缺乏的,通过对宁夏农村回族妇女的婚姻家庭进行问卷调查,对她们的婚姻暴力处理方式以及相关因素进行分析发现,宁夏农村回族妇女在遭受家庭暴力后较为倾向于去忍受婚姻暴力,在寻求帮助的过程中则较为倾向于去寻求非正式社会支持,而这种行为受到她们对婚姻暴力的认知、寻求帮助的意愿以及所在村里的清真寺是否会过问婚姻暴力问题等因素的影响。同时,这些发现能够为今后农村回族妇女婚姻暴力问题的防治提供一些参考。

  14. 浅析琵琶曲《霸王卸甲》的悲剧表现手段%On the Tragic Expression Techniques in Chinese Lute Music "King Chu Takes off his Armor"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐雪婷

    2012-01-01

    通过对《霸王卸甲》的背景、传谱、题材、演奏形式等进行探析,挖掘琵琶“以悲为美”的器乐特性,从表现、手段上加深对乐曲艺术的理解和掌握。%By taking the Chinese lute music "King Chu takes off his armor" as article studies its background, famiiy spectrum, theme and performance form, the research object, this and meanwhile explores its characteristics of instrumental music ( viewing sorrow as beauty) of Chinese Pipa so as to enhance our understanding of musical art from the expression techniques.

  15. A Study on Land Tax of Qing Dynasty in Tianzhu Area of Guizhou Based on Chu Tiezi%从除贴字等看清代贵州天柱地区田赋实征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈洪波; 龙泽江; 吴声榕

    2016-01-01

    清代清水江文书中的契约,不仅具有对私有财产协商解决机制的功能,同时也具有保障国家田赋征收的协商解决机制功能。清代天柱文书中的“除贴字”“计开过亩清单”是民间有关田赋征收的一种协商解决的有效实现机制。%There are two main functions of the contract of Qingshuijiang Documents in Qing dynasty, which are the mechanisms for negotiated solution on private property and guaranteeing the national land tax. Chu Tiezi and the inventory of Ji Kai Guo Mu are examples of effective implementation mechanism of negotiated solution related to land tax.

  16. Le travail aujourd’hui. L’hypothèse de la reconnaissance Work today. The hypothesis of recognition El trabajo hoy: hipótesis del reconocimiento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michel Wieviorka

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Jusque dans les années 1970, le travail était au cœur de la réflexion sociologique, et du débat public. Aujourd’hui, après les espoirs et les déconvenues des années 1980 et 1990, après la « révolution managériale », et ses dégâts, et qu’il s’agisse du sens qu’il revêt pour l’individu, pour l’entreprise ou pour la société toute entière, il implique d’être repensé à nouveaux frais. Ne sommes-nous pas entrés dans l’ère de la reconnaissance – un concept qui peut nous aider à redonner sens au travail ?Until the mid seventies, work was a key issue in sociological research, as well as in the public debate. During the eighties and the nineties, things changed, and it became difficult to define the meaning of work for individuals, for companies or for the whole society. Today, new approaches are possible, including those that are based on the concept of recognition.Hasta los años 1970, el trabajo estaba en el centro de la reflexión sociológica y del debate público. Hoy, después de las esperanzas y los desengaños de los años 1980 y 1990, tras la “revolución gerencial” y sus estragos, tratándose ya sea del sentido que tiene para el individuo, para la empresa o para la sociedad entera, habrá que volver a pensar el trabajo desde cero. ¿No hemos entrado acaso a la era del reconocimiento, concepto que puede ayudarnos a devolverle un sentido al trabajo?

  17. Energy efficiency of rural dwellings in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region%宁夏地区乡村民居节能设计研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张群; 梁锐; 刘加平

    2011-01-01

    为改善宁夏乡村地区居住建筑室内冬季热环境,达到建筑节能65%的目标,对典型传统民居进行了调研和围护结构能耗分析,发现了民居建筑耗能的主要薄弱部位.结合当地自然气候与经济条件,从建筑功能布置与空间组合、太阳能资源利用和围护结构构造等方面出发,提出整体式的建筑设计改进方案,并通过能耗分析计算新方案的热工性能与室内热环境质量,证明了在宁夏地区通过合理的设计农村住宅也可以达到提高室内热舒适和节能的目标.%In order to improve the thermal environment and reach the energy efficiency goal of rural house in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, the paper investigates a typical traditional vernacular, analyzes the index of heat loss of building envelop and discovers the main weak part in the building affecting on the energy consumption. Combining with the local conditions of climate and economy, this paper put forward the integrating designing project, including the function layout, room combination, solar energy utilization and construction of building envelop. A new project for improving the indoor thermal comfort and saving energy was given in this paper. The index of heating loss of two rural buildings are calculated in order to verify the effectiveness of the new project. At the same time, it is bproved that the improvement of the thermal environment and 65% energy efficiency goal can meet with by appropriate architectural designs.

  18. Research on the evaluation method of rural hollowing based on RS and GIS technology: a case study of the Ningxia Hui autonomous region in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, Kai; Wen, MeiPing; Zhang, FeiFei; Yuan, Chao; Chen, Qiang; Zhang, Xiupeng

    2016-10-01

    With the acceleration of urbanization in China, most rural areas formed a widespread phenomenon, i.e., destitute village, labor population loss, land abandonment and rural hollowing. And it formed a unique hollow village problem in China finally. The governance of hollow village was the objective need of the development of economic and social development in rural area for Chinese government, and the research on the evaluation method of rural hollowing was the premise and basis of the hollow village governance. In this paper, several evaluation methods were used to evaluate the rural hollowing based on the survey data, land use data, social and economic development data. And these evaluation indexes were the transition of homesteads, the development intensity of rural residential areas, the per capita housing construction area, the residential population proportion in rural area, and the average annual electricity consumption, which can reflect the rural hollowing degree from the land, population, and economy point of view, respectively. After that, spatial analysis method of GIS was used to analyze the evaluation result for each index. Based on spatial raster data generated by Kriging interpolation, we carried out re-classification of all the results. Using the fuzzy clustering method, the rural hollowing degree in Ningxia area was reclassified based on the two spatial scales of county and village. The results showed that the rural hollowing pattern in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region had a spatial distribution characteristics that the rural hollowing degree was obvious high in the middle of the study area but was low around the study area. On a county scale, the specific performances of the serious rural hollowing were the higher degree of extensive land use, and the lower level of rural economic development and population transfer concentration. On a village scale, the main performances of the rural hollowing were the rural population loss and idle land. The

  19. Samen kom je er wel. Een afstudeerartikel over het Skejby halfway house: een huis waar delinquenten en studenten onder één dak wonen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eline Broker

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Together you will get there. A graduation article on the Skejby halfway house: a house where delinquents and students live togetherThe Skejby house is unique and produces remarkable results. The recidivism percentage among its’ delinquent inhabitants is over 20% lower than in the halfway houses where only prisoners reside. The aim of Skejby is to ease the transition between imprisonment and reentry in society. The experiment, in which students and prisoners live together, originates from the idea that behavioral transformation is realized most effectively within a socially engaged group. The principal of collective responsibility is dominant in Skejby, resulting in a feeling of belonging to a group among the delinquents. In this group, the students serve as prosocial role models. Consequently, the standards and values that are picked up in prison are reshaped into much needed skills that are required for living a “regular” life in society. In contrast to the reintegration program in Skejby, the Dutch reintegration program mainly consists of one-to-one consultations between the delinquent and the probation officer. The reintegration thus does not take place in a group to which the delinquent can relate, while it is precisely this unique communal feeling of belonging that induces behavioral change in the prisoners. SAMENVATTING Samen kom je er wel. Een afstudeerartikel over het Skejby halfway house: een huis waar delinquenten en studenten onder één dak wonenHet Skejby house is uniek in zijn soort en boekt opmerkelijke resultaten: het recidivepercentage ligt ruim 20% lager dan bij halfway huizen waar alleen delinquenten wonen. Skejby heeft als doel om de overgang tussen gevangenis en samenleving zo klein mogelijk te maken. Het experiment, waarbij studenten en delinquenten samen wonen, komt voort uit het idee dat gedragsverandering het best bewerkstelligt wordt binnen een sociaal verbonden groep. In Skejby heerst het principe van

  20. Comparison of Natural and Social Roles of Mythological Characters in Chu Ci and Theogony%«楚辞»和«神谱»神话人物的自然和社会角色比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭家海; 华亚颖

    2015-01-01

    为促进中西文化的交流、传播和传承,通过叙述、对比分析,从自然角色和社会角色两个方面对«楚辞»中的神话人物和«神谱»中的希腊神话人物进行对比研究,归纳出其异同与造成异同的原因。其相似原因在于古中国和古希腊对大自然崇高的敬畏;差异的根源在于«楚辞»中的神话人物中反映了东方根深蒂固的集体主义精神,而«神谱»反映了西方的个人主义。%The comparative study of mythology and Greek mythology of Kun Lun can understand ancestors′living conditions,primitive society,ideas and psychological conditions of different ethG nic ancestors,and help promote the exchange and dissemination of Chinese and Western cultures and heritages.This paper compared the natural role and social role of mythological characters in Chu Ci and Theogony,by discussing the similarities and differences between Chinese and Western mythology and summaried the causes of the differences:Collectivism reflected in Chu Ci and indiG vidualism in Theogony.

  1. A cross-sectional survey on behavior problems among eco-migrant children of Hui and Han in Ningxia, China%宁夏生态移民地区儿童行为问题现况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    颜国利; 方建群; 张朝霞; 冯丽平; 吴锦荣; 马馥荔; 陈诗祺; 赵冉然; 王颖丽

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the detection rate and correlates of behavioral problems among eco-migrant children in Hui and Han ethnicities.Methods Using multistage randomized sampling method,2 653 eco-migrant teenagers,3 174 indigenous and 2 334 homeland peers were selected.Their parents were asked to finish the Achenbach' s Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and a self-developed correlates questionnaire.Results 765 eco-migrant children with behavioral problems were detected,with detection rate as 28.8%,higher than that of homeland group (24.2%) and native group (19.3%)(x2=73.547,P<0.012 5).Ecological migration mainly influenced factors as bad contacts,depression,obsessive-compulsive,discipline,attack for boys aged 6-11,bad contacts for boys aged 12-16 and extraversion behavioral problems for girls aged 12-16,in Hui.These factors both associated to eco-migrant children's behavioral problems in Hui and Han:cesarean section (OR =1.863,95% CI:1.144-3.035,for Han) and (OR=2.979,95% CI:2.067-4.293,for Hui),physical defects(OR=1.730,95%CI:1.087-2.751,for Han) and (OR=2.552,95%CI:1.649-3.950,for Hui),arable as a main income way(OR=1.272,95%CI:1.066-1.518,for Han) and (OR=1.212,95%CI:1.033-1.422,for Hui),parents' education level above middle school (OR=0.709,95% CI:0.539-0.932,for Han) and (OR=0.698,95%CI:0.542-0.898,for Hui),parents' frequently in good mood (OR=0.710,95%CI:0.613-0.821,for Han) and (OR=0.826,95%CI:0.718-0.949,for Hui).However,major diseases in the process of growth (OR=1.794,95% CI:1.163-2.767),and parents with chronic illness or disability (OR=1.463,95% CI:1.061-2.016) only associated with that in Han; single-parent or remarried families (OR=1.583,95% CI:1.078-2.325),parents often drinking (OR=1.557,95%CI:1.019-2.379),the time of parents' work longer than half a year(OR=1.494,95% CI:1.197-1.864),parents' more content to life now (OR=0.813,95% CI:0.700-0.945),and children in older age (OR=0.939,95%CI:0.889-0.991) only

  2. Empirical Research of Brand Trust Relationship Influential Factors of Huis Old Brands%基于回族老字号的顾客品牌信任关系影响因素实证研究∗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨保军

    2014-01-01

    The process from weak brands developing to strong brands serenely is the process of customer trust increases, exploring factors that influence brand trust is great significance to the brand growth. Re-search shows, enterprises, customers and interactive processes are key factors that affect brand trust rela-tionships;through questionnaires of Huis old brands validated the brand trust and influential factors, for exploring brand trust relationships and promoting Huis old brands growth provide important ideas.%从弱小品牌发展到强势品牌的过程实质是顾客信任程度增加的过程,探索影响品牌信任关系的因素对于品牌成长具有重要意义。研究证明,企业、顾客及交互过程是影响品牌信任关系的关键因素,通过回族老字号的调查问卷对品牌信任与影响因素的关系进行了验证,将对深入探讨品牌信任关系的影响因素,促进回族老字号品牌成长提供重要的思路。

  3. 中央红军会理攻坚战述论%Presentation and Discussion on the Battle of the Central Red Army in Hui-li County

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘财富; 景志明

    2011-01-01

    During the Long March period,the battle of the Central Red Army in Hui-li county of Si-chuan province was an important one.Because casualties were too serious,so many criticisms occurred in the Party or the Red Army.Based on the relevant historical documents,the author thinks the military action taken by the Red Army in Hui-li county had favorable and unfavorable factors.Though the battle didn’t win,it still had positive significance in which the Red Army went north rapidly and broke though the Da Du-he river defence set by the army of Kuomingtang.%会理攻坚战是中央红军长征在四川时的一场重要战斗。因红军伤亡过大且攻城失利,所以当时党内军内非议颇多。本文通过相关史料的梳理,分析红军攻城的有利与不利因素,从而说明这次战斗的失利对于中央红军迅速北上并突破国民党大渡河防线仍有积极的影响。

  4. Prevalence of tobacco and alcohol use in ethnic Hui and Han residents in Ningxia%宁夏回族自治区回、汉族居民烟草、酒精使用调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王俊峰; 马辉; 王志忠; 张毓洪

    2015-01-01

    目的 了解宁夏回族自治区(宁夏)回、汉族居民烟草、酒精使用情况及其分布特征,为民族地区改善戒烟、限酒措施提供参考.方法 采用多阶段系统抽样法,抽取宁夏地区≥18岁居民6 476人进行入户调查.烟草和酒精使用障碍根据国际疾病分类-10(ICD-10)标准采用复合型国际诊断交谈表3.0(CIDI 3.0)中文版评估.结果 共有5 811名受访者完成全部调查,目前吸烟率为19.15%,其中男性吸烟率高于女性(44.73%vs.1.51%),差异有统计学意义(x2=1 693.25,P<0.001);男性中回族吸烟率低于汉族(33.19%vs.51.95%),差异有统计学意义(x2=79.99,P<0.001).男性烟草依赖患病率为1.75%,回、汉族男性烟草依赖患病率差异无统计学意义(x2=0.02,P=0.958).目前饮酒率为5.78%,其中男性饮酒率高于女性(12.48% vs.1.16%),差异有统计学意义(x2=329.94,P<0.001);男性中回族饮酒率低于汉族(4.71%vs.17.34%),差异有统计学意义(x2=82.03,P<0.001);男性酒精使用障碍患病率为6.03%,男性回族酒精使用障碍患病率低于汉族(3.50%vs.7.61%),差异有统计学意义(x2=16.68,P<0.001).结论 宁夏地区回族成年人烟草和酒精使用率低于同地区汉族,当地的回族文化对减少人群烟草、酒精使用可能具有积极的影响.%Objective To understand the prevalence of tobacco and alcohol use in ethnic Hui and Han residents in Ningxia Hui autonomous region and provide evidence for the smoking cessation and alcohol use reduction in minority area.Methods Face to face interview was performed in 6 476 subjects aged ≥ 18 years who were selected through systematic sampling in Ningxia.The tobacco use and alcohol use related disorders were evaluated with Composite International Diagnostic Interview 3.0(CIDI 3.0) according to International Classification of Diseases-10 (ICD-10).Results A total of 5 811 subjects completed the survey, the prevalence of current smoking was 19

  5. 集体记忆与民族亲和力的建构——以兰州西关清真寺为例%The Collective Memory and the Construction of Hui Ethnic Identity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高永久; 丁生忠

    2012-01-01

    在城市空间结构再生产的过程中,城市规模向四周逐渐延伸,市民的居住格局也随之发生变化,原先围寺聚居的回族穆斯林群众,便迁至城市的各个街区角落。通过对散居回族现状和特点的分析,探知其以清真寺为集体记忆的符号,借助集体欢腾、个体情感进发、宗教仪式来建构民族亲和力,以实现其群体和谐的目标。%In the process of the reproduction of urban spatial structures, the size of a city gradually stretches out in all directions. At the same time, people's residential structure changes: the Muslims of Hui Ethnic:Group originally clustering around mosques are now moving to every corner of the city. In this thesis, the authors discuss the status quo and characteristics of the identity of Hui Ethnic Group in order to construct ethnic affinity by using the Mosque as a symbol of collective memory, relying on collective exultation, individual emotional venting and religious rituals, so as to reach the goal of group harmony.

  6. 宁夏地区回汉族中小学生超重肥胖流行趋势分析%Analyses of the prevalence changes of overweight and obesity in Hui and Han students in Ningxia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许红霞; 石丽文; 赵燚; 杨建军; 金晶; 张毓洪

    2012-01-01

    Objective To analyze the prevalence changes of overweight and obesity in Hui and Han students in Ningxia from 2005 to 2010, in order to provide evidence for development of preventive measures against obesity. Methods Students aged 7 to 18 participated in th? 2005 and 2010 National Survey on Students' Constitution and Health of Ningxia were selected as subjects. The newly established BMI screening criteria for o-verweight and obesity was used to analyze the prevalence among various populations. Results The prevalence rates of overweight among Han boys, Han girls, Hui boys and Hui girls were 10. 1% , 5. 7% ,7. 4% and5.9% in 2010, 7.9% , 5.4% ,4.0% and4.7% in 2005 .respectively. Meanwhile, the prevalence rates of obesity for the Han boys, Han girls, Hui boys, and Hui girls were 5. 1 %, 2.9 % ,4.1% and 2. 6% in 2010,3. 8%, 1.8%,1.9% and 1.3% in 2005 , respectively. The prevalence rates of overweight and obesity were higher among children aged 7-12 than those a-mong other age groups in Hui and Han students of rural and urban areas. The ordinal regression showed that the prevalence of overweight and obesity among students in 2010 were higher than those in 2005 after controlling for Living areas (in urban area or not) , age and gender. Meanwhile, the Han students were higher than those of Hui students. Conclusion The prevalence rates of overweight and obesity increase rapidly and spread from urban to rural areas among Hui and Han students gradually in Ningxia, therefore, it is necessary to take comprehensive measures to prevent and control the obesity of adolescents in Ningxia.%目的 了解宁夏地区2005-2010年回族与汉族不同群体学生超重、肥胖流行趋势,为制定学生肥胖防治措施提供依据.方法 使用2005和2010年宁夏地区全国学生体质调研资料的数据,利用中国学龄儿童青少年超重和肥胖体质量指数(BMI)筛查标准,对7~18岁中小学生进行超重、肥胖筛查.结果 汉族男生超重率2005年为7.9

  7. 张惠言的《花间》词学接受及其意义%ZHANG Hui-yan’ s ci Reception of Huajian and Its Significance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梅向东

    2013-01-01

    《花间》词学接受至清代的张惠言才有了一个深刻的变化。基于“以《国风》、《离骚》之旨趣,铸温、韦、周、辛之面目”的词学策略,张氏对《花间》采取了故意误读、文本支离和点石成金的接受方式,正是由于其重读《花间》和重释温庭筠,古典词学至常州词派实际上经历了从传统的为词之学向读词之学的转变。%A great change happened in ZHANG Hui-yan’s ci reception of Huajian in the Qing Dynasty.Based on the ci strat-egy of “showing the true appearance of WEN Ting-yun, WEI Zhuang, ZHOU Bang-yan and XIN Qi-ji with Guo Feng and Li Sao as the purport”, ZHANG Hui-yan received Huajian through intentional misreading and deconstruction, thus working miracles.It is because of his reinterpretation of Huajian and WEN Ting-yun that the change of classical ci from its ontology to its reading occurred in the Changzhou ci school.

  8. 福建惠安女文化景观构造及其空间性%Studying on Cultural Landscape Construction and Spatial Characteristics Based on the Case of Women in Hui'an County

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王彬; 李彬

    2012-01-01

    在对福建渔家女文献梳理和文化元素统计基础上,运用女性地理学理论和方法,解读惠安女文化景观构造特征和形成原因.研究结果表明:惠安女文化萌芽于隋唐,发展于宋元,鼎盛于明清;惠安女文化景观空间分布主要集中于以泉州港为中心的沿海半岛地区;惠安女在工种方面已超出传统中国女性从事职业类型,服饰体现海洋文化特征,婚俗表现出向父系过渡遗留和对劳动力争夺的结果,并建立起互助、自救等社会组织.惠安女文化景观是沿海地理环境特征和社会劳动地域分工共同作用的结果.%The paper describes systematiclly the landscape performances and characteristics of women in Hui'an county——a typical fisherwomen in Fujian province——through combing the literatures and assorting and counting cultural elements based on cultural formation,landscape construction and cause analysis by feminism and theories and methods of cultural geography.The indings show that the phenomenon of women culture in Hui'an county had appeared as early as during Sui and Tang Dynasties,and gained a large-scale development during Song and Yuan Dynasties and the landscapes had been built up during Ming and Qing Dynasties.As to the distribution in space,women in Hui'an county mainly live in the east costal areas of Hui'an county,which are circled by Meizhou gulf where the city of Quanzhou as the center of the gulf.In the view of cultural formation,women do more than the ones in other areas in China,even they engage in what men do in many work fields in Chinese traditional society,their apparels embody cultural characteristics of marine,the customs on marriage is the outcomes which hawe been handed down from the transition to patriarchal society and struggled for each other between their parents and in-laws,and types of social organizations are created for help each other among women.So the cultural landscapes of women in Hui'an county is a

  9. Analysis of Sinkiang Hui People’ s Flower From Interdisciplinary Perspective---A Case Study of Sinkiang Yanqi Hui People Autonomous County%跨学科视域下新疆回族花儿探究--以新疆焉耆回族自治县为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张云; 张付新

    2016-01-01

    The flower ( folk song) of Yanqi Hui nationality,with obvious regional,mul-ticultural and ethnic characters,is a prominent representative of Sinkiang. The origin,repre-sentation,artistic feature,historical significance and cultural value are analyzed from the per-spective of history anthropology,sociology,and economy anthropology. It is pointed out that multi-ethnic and cultural diversity and richness make effective way to promote ethnic com-munication and integration. This is also a necessary spiritual drive and cultural source for social stability in Sinkiang.%焉耆回族花儿是新疆回族花儿的杰出代表,其地域性、多元性和民族性特征非常明显。本文则通过历史人类学、社会学、经济人类学的学科视野对焉耆回族花儿的渊源流变、表现方式、艺术特征、历史意蕴和文化价值进行了深入的剖析,并指出民族文化的多样性和丰富性是构建新疆各民族交往交流交融的有效途径,也是实现新疆社会稳定和长治久安不可替代的精神动力和文化源泉。

  10. 焦作地区回汉族糖尿病发病率调查分析%Incidence investigation of diabetes mellitus in Hui and Han population of Jiaozuo region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李清红; 袁新建; 王红心

    2012-01-01

    Objective To explore the prevalence and characteristics of diabetes mellitus in Hui and Han population aged 30 years and over in Jiaozuo. And to analyze the association between the prevalence of diabetes mellitus and body mass index(BMI). Methods We conducted a case-control study with 663 people aged 30-81 years. Among the total,337 subjects were Hui population, 326 subjects were Han population. Among them, integrated records of body height,body mass,waist circumference(WC) ,hip circumference,blood pressure,fasting plasma glucose were analyzed. The waist hip ratio (WHR) and BMI were computed. Over weight was defined as BMI≥24,and the criteria of central obesity:WC≥90 cm for men,WC≥80 cm for women. Excel was used to build database, SPSS 10.0 was used for analyses. Results Systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, body mass, BMI, WC, hip circumference, WHR in Hui population were significantly higher than those in Han population ( P < 0. 05 or <0. 01). The prevalence of diabetes in Hui of Jiaozuo was 38. 6% (130/337), while that was 8. 3% (27/326) for Han, and the difference was statistically significant P <0. 01); Meanwhile, the Hui was significantly higher than 9.7% (4 949/46 239) of the national incidence, the difference was statistically significant ( P<0. 01). Abdominal obesity diabetes prevalence and non-abdominal obesity diabetes prevalence in Hui was higher than those in Han. Abdominal obesity diabtes prevalence 30. 0%(101/337) vs8.0%(26/326)(P<0. 05),non-abdominal obesity diabetes prevalence 8. 6% (29/337) vs 0.3% (10/326) ( P <0. 01), respectively. Conclusion The prevalence of diabetes in the Hui of Jiaozuo was significantly higher than the national average,while the Han and the national prevalence of diabetes is close. Elevated BMI and WC are major risk factors of diabetes, controlling for BMI and WC increase is important to reduce the incidence of diabetes.%目的 探索焦作地区回汉族糖尿病的患病率及其与体

  11. Empirical Research on Hui-honored Consumers Intergenerational Transmission and Brand Loyalty%回族老字号消费者代际传承与品牌忠诚关系实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨保军; 马玉龙

    2015-01-01

    Consumers' cultural values based on the intergenerational transmission of family ties had an impor-tant impact on consumer behavior,as well as the consumer brand awareness and the brand trust.The consum-ers of Hui Old brand exhibited unique consumption characteristics owe to ethnic,religious and geographical effect,the intergenerational transmission of consumer groups in the Hui old brand more prominent.Empirical research showed that the impact of Hui old brand intergenerational transmission on brand awareness,brand trust and brand loyalty was significantly positive.Based on the perspective of intergenerational transmission,en-hancing consumers' brand loyalty had an important enlightenment to promote the brand development and tradi-tions cultural heritage,and own brand competitiveness.%基于家庭纽带的代际传承形成的消费者文化价值观深刻影响着消费者行为,使消费者品牌认知、品牌信任的形成无不带有代际影响的烙印。回族老字号的消费者受到民族、宗教、地域的影响表现出独特的消费特征,代际传承在回族老字号消费群体更为突出。从实证角度深入研究回族老字号消费者代际传承对品牌认知、品牌信任以及品牌忠诚的影响,呈现出显著的正相关关系。基于代际传承视角提升消费者品牌忠诚度对推动老字号品牌发展和传统文化的传承和推广以及自有品牌竞争力的提升都具有重要的启示意义。

  12. The study on essential oil components and comparison of identification in Chinese cassia and Cinnamomum cassia var.macrophyllum Chu.%国产肉桂和大叶清化桂的鉴别比较及其挥发油成分研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王世伟

    2011-01-01

    The paper compares Chinese cassia with Cinnamomum cassia var.macrophyllum Chu in macroscopical identification, microscopical identification, and physicochemical identification, and determing the content of essential oil in different parts of two plants.The results showed Cinnamadehyde content in Cinnamomum cassia var.macrophyllum Chu is higher than Chinese cassia, its quality is superior.%对国产肉桂与大叶清化桂的性状鉴别、显微鉴别、理化鉴别进行了比较,并测定了二者不同部位挥发油含量,论证了大叶清化桂皮中桂皮醛含量要高于国产肉桂,其质较优.

  13. On Chu Anping's Political Steering——Social Interaction Network Perspective-based Inspection%也谈储安平的政治转向——基于社会交往网络视角的考察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑志峰; 冶芸

    2012-01-01

    Scholars to Chu Anping's political shift,most of the reasons attributed to the social background.This view is certainly reflected the truth of history,but there is a danger of reductionism.And Chu Anping,when in contact with friends in Shanghai,mostly Communists or leftists,their political attitudes and political choices had a significant impact in depicting Chu Anping.Therefore,from the perspective of social interaction,Chu Anping's political turn to the detailed study of historical and situational,not only provides a new perspective,but also for the post-war narrative of the history of intellectuals provides another statement.%学界对储安平政治转向的研究,大多将原因归于社会大背景。这种观点固然反映了历史的真实,但存在化约主义的危险。在上海,与储安平时相往来的朋友大多为共产党员或者左翼人士,他们的政治态度和政治选择在潜移默化中对储安平产生了重大影响。因此,从社会交往的角度分析储安平的政治转向,进行历史情境式的细节研究,不但提供了一种崭新的视角,也为战后知识分子发展史的叙述提供了另一种言说方式。

  14. 几个影响储良龙眼果实大小的因素的相关性分析%Analysis of Correlation among Several Influences of Affecting "Chu-liang" Longan [ Euphoria longan( Lour.) Steud.] Fruit Size

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林盛; 罗革彬; 唐燕琼; 罗志文; 李向宏; 胡福初; 周文静; 张利民

    2012-01-01

    [Objective] The aim was to study the correlation among several influences of affecting "Chu-liang" Longgan fruits. [Method] The single fruit weight,fruit weight per fruiting sucker,fruit sucker diameter,leaf-umbrella length,leaf-umbrella width,leaf weight,the number of leaves and the number of fruits and so on of Hainan 6 year-old ' Chuliang' longan plants, repeating 6 times, were observed, and then analyzed them by correlation regression analysis and mutivariate gradually regression analysis. [Result] The partial regression coefficients of the number of leaves (positive effect) and the number of fruits(negative effect) to single fruit weight were most significant,but there was not significance for the other indices. The fruit number and single fruit weight were extremely significantly correlated with the fruit weight per fruiting sucker. The fruit sucker diameter was no significant correlated with the fruit weight per fruiting sucker. [ Conclusion ] The study provides a theoretic basis for blossom and fruit thinning during the production of "Chu-liang" longan.%[目的]探讨几个影响储良龙眼[ Euphoria longan(Lour.) Steud.]果实大小的因素的相关性.[方法]采取单株小区,6次重复,对海南6年生储良龙眼的单果重、单穗果重、果枝粗度、叶蓬长度、叶蓬宽度、叶重、叶片数和果实个数等性状指标进行观测,并对其进行相关回归分析和多元逐步回归分析.[结果]叶片数和果实个数对单果重的偏回归系数均达到极显著,果实个数对单果重为负效应;果枝粗度、叶蓬长度、叶蓬宽度和叶重等对单果重的偏回归系数不显著;果实个数和单果重对每穗果重的偏回归系数均达到极显著;果枝粗度等对每穗果重的偏回归系数不显著.[结论]该研究可以为储良龙眼生产中疏花疏果确定留果量提供理论依据.

  15. 从诗、骚草木意象看人文生态教学思想的拓展%The Ecology Thought of Humanities Education Development from the View of Plant Images in Songs & Chu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李杰玲

    2015-01-01

    There are a lot of image of trees and flowers in The Book of Songs and The Odes of Chu, which help to transmit the ecological thoughts in the humanistic teaching in colleges and universities. The plants image in The Book of Songs are still materials in nature, but in The Odes of Chu, they have become literary images, which mingle with human being’ s feeling and philosophy obviously. We can find a lot of similar images in these two books, for example, we can see the change clearly from nature landscape into literature images after human being step in from the images of sonchus oleraceus, osmund and wutong tree and pine. Moreover, these images have profound influence in ecology humanities education theory.%诗、骚孕育了大量草木意象,表达了自然的美与人文创作的和谐融合。这些意象有助于对高校人文教学中生态思想的引导与传播,是很好的个案。«诗经»中的草木意象是突出其实用价值和生物特性的自然物象,而到了«楚辞»,人的因素明显强化,草木已是自然之象与诗人之意的融汇。将诗、骚中所有山脉与草木意象列表对比,可发现许多共同意象,由此可清晰地看到它们由自然之物象,融合诗人的情感与寓意之后,成为动人的文学意象,体现了人与自然的和谐,具有丰富的生态思想。对今天的生态教育理念拓展具有重要意义。

  16. On Identity of the Grave Master in Epigraph of SIMA Sheng of Eastern Wei Dynasty:A Probe into the Grandfather of SIMA Chu-zhi%《东魏司马昇墓志》墓主人身份考--兼考司马楚之的祖父

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗尔波; 周香均

    2015-01-01

    Epigraph of SIMA Sheng of Eastern Wei has certain historical value.However,the identity of the grave master is yet to be verified.According to the epigraph and the relevant records in Book of J in ,Book of Wei and A History of Northern Dynasty ,we can identify SIMA Sheng as the grave master whose grandfather was SIMA Chu-zhi.His father was SI-MA Bao-ying who was the descendent of Pengcheng King.Through the verification of SIMA Chu-zhi as his grandfather,the author of this paper has finally managed to work out the family extraction from SIMA Kui to SIMA Chu-zhi and SIMA Sheng.%《东魏司马昇墓志》具有一定的史料价值,但其墓主人身份尚待考证。根据墓志铭文和《晋书》《魏书》《北史》的相关记载考证,明确了墓主人司马昇的身份,他的祖父为司马楚之,父亲为司马宝胤,是晋彭城王之后。并通过考证司马楚之祖父的身份,最终理清了从司马馗到司马楚之、司马昇的世系。

  17. Pharmacokinetics of doxapram in Chinese Hui and Han healthy volunteers%多沙普仑在中国回族和汉族健康人体内的药动学

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖勇; 程佳; 郭涛; 夏东亚; 郑谊; 郭红亮

    2011-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the pharmacokinetics of doxapram in Chinese Hui and Han healthy volunteers. Methods:Ten Hui volunteers and ten Han volunteers were given a single dose of 50 mg doxapram by intravenous infusion. The concentration of doxapram in plasma was determined by HPLC method, and the pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated by DAS 2. 0 software. ResultS:The main pharmacokinetic parameters of Hui volunteers were as follows: cmax 48±0. 46) μg/ml, t1/2β(3. 91±2.05) h,Vd(l. 35±0.45) L/kg,AUC0-12 (3. 02±0. 56)μg · h · ml-1 ,AUC0-∞(3. 49 + 0. 73) μg · h · ml-1. The main pharmacokinetic parameters of Han volunteers were as follows: cmax( 55±0. 52) μg/ml,t1/2β(3. 87 + 2. 17) h,Vd(l. 35± 0. 96) L/kg,AUC0-12(3. 51±1. 26)μg· h · ml-1, AUC0-∞ (4. 06±l. 44) μg · h· ml-1. Conclusion:There were no significant differences in the pharmacokinetic parameters of doxapram between Chinese Hui and Han healthy volunteers.%目的:研究汉族和回族健康受试者单次静脉滴注盐酸多沙普仑后的药动学.方法:回族和汉族健康受试者各10名,单次静脉滴注盐酸多沙普仑50 mg,定时采血,用HPLC法测定多沙普仑血药浓度,DAS 2.0软件计算药动学参数.结果:回族受试者的主要药动学参数为:cmax(1.48±0.46) μg/ml、t1/2β(3.91±2.05) h、Vd(1.35±0.45) L/kg、AUC0~12(3.02±0.56) μg·h·ml-1、AUC0~∞(3.49±0.73) μg·h·ml-1.汉族受试者的主要药动学参数为:cmax(1.55±0.52) μg/ml、t1/2β(3.87±2.17) h、Vd(1.35±0.96) L/kg、AUC0~12(3.51±1.26) μg·h·ml-1、AUC0~∞(4.06±1.44) μg·h·ml-1.结论:经统计学分析,回族和汉族健康受试者单次静脉滴注盐酸多沙普仑后药动学参数的差异无统计学意义.

  18. The First Chinese Translator of Pushkin's Works--JI YI-hui and Pushkin%普希金"初临中土"的向导--戢翼翚与普希金

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张铁夫

    2000-01-01

    JI Yi-hui was the first Chinese who translated Pushkin's works. Pushkin's "Daughter of lieutenant"was translated from Japanese by him and he gave this Chinese version a new name "Romance of Russia". This version was an assimilative one. There were quite big discrepancies over the book's name, characters' name, person, type and number of words between the Chinese version and the Russian original. However, It was not JI yi-hui but the Japanese translator who should bear full responsibility for these. Because the Japanese version was an abridged one itself and all the divergences above-mentioned could be fould there. Ji's version was not a perfect one, but it was the very beginning for the Chinese to translate pushkin's works and other Russian literary master pieces and therefore had a profound significance in the history of literature.%普希金的第一部汉译作品是《上尉的女儿》,译本题作《俄国情史》,系据日文转译,译者为戢翼翚。这是一部归化式译作,书名、人名、人称、体裁、字数均与原作有较大的出入。不过,责任主要不在中译者,而在日译者。日译本本身就是一个缩写本,上述问题都是目译本所存在的。戢译《俄国情史》虽是一部很不完善的译作,但它开了翻译普希金作品和俄国文学名著的先河,因而具有重要意义。

  19. The Comparison of the Self -Consciousness Developing Situation on the Hui -Nationality Girls and Han -Nationality Girls%回族与汉族女童自我意识发展状况的对比研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗媛; 丁仲学; 李鹏程

    2015-01-01

    In this paper,use the Piers -Harris children's self -consciousness scale (PHCSS),by investiga-ting 535 Han nationality girls and 418 Hui nationality girls.The results showed that:1.The behavior of the Hui nationality girls,body appearance and properties,anxiety,to fit in with the obvious differences in grade four as-pects,and the Han girls intelligence with the school situation,the body appearance and attributes have significant differences in grade;2.The behavior of the self -consciousness of the girls,intelligence and school situation,the body appearance and properties,sociable,happiness and satisfy the five dimensions have significant ethnic differ-ences.%本文采用 Piers -Harris 儿童自我意识量表(PHCSS),通过调查535名汉族女童和418名回族女童。结果发现:1.回族女童的行为、躯体外貌与属性、焦虑、合群这四个方面在年级上存在显著差异,而汉族女童的智力与学校情况、躯体外貌与属性在年级上存在显著差异;2.女童自我意识的行为、智力与学校情况、躯体外貌与属性、合群、幸福与满足五个因子上存在显著的民族差异性。

  20. Flowering Biological Characteristics of Lycium barbarum in Guyuan, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region%宁南固原枸杞开花生物学特性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗术东; 王彪; 褚忠桥; 吴杰; 杨文寿; 张俊丽

    2011-01-01

    为明确宁夏南部山区枸杞的开花生物学特性,以当地枸杞主栽品种“宁杞一号”为材料,于2008-2010年对枸杞的开花物候、花粉活力、柱头可授性、泌蜜规律、花粉胚珠比和杂交指数等进行研究.结果表明,宁杞1号单花花期一般为3d左右,老眼枝花期在4月下旬至5月上旬,七寸枝花在5月下旬至7月上旬,盛花期在5月下旬至6月下旬.花后2h开始散粉,但花粉在散粉前就具有活力,花后6h活性最强,72 h时花粉基本散尽且残余花粉活力很低.花后27 h内,5 a生树七寸枝花粉活力高于同时期10 a生树的花粉活力,其他时间段花粉活力基本一致.柱头在松蕾期和花后3h内均不具备可授性,花后3h开始具有可授性,18~36 h达最强,36 h候后可授性逐渐下降,花后60 h时基本丧失可授性.一天当中,枸杞单花蜜量7:00最大,此后在蜜量上逐渐减少,但含糖量上升,到15:00以后蜜量开始出现回升趋势.七寸枝初花期的蜜量显著高于老眼枝,而5a生七寸枝在盛花期的蜜量显著高于10 a生树.枸杞单花花粉量约为241 000粒,花粉胚珠比介于4 918~6 694之间,杂交指数(OCI)为5,因而可以断定枸杞的繁育系统为专性异交类型,需要传粉媒介为其传粉.%To identify the flowering biological characteristics of Chinese wolf berry in the southern of Ningxia Hui autonomous region, the floral biological characteristics, pollen viability, stigma receptivity, nectar secretion rhythm, pollen ovule ratio and outcrossing index of "Ningqi 1" were investigated in this paper. The results suggested that the old branches flowered from the late of April to the first ten days of May, but the new branches flowered from the late of May to the first ten days of July, and the full-bloom stage started from the late of May to the late of June, and most of flowers bloom about 3 days. The pollen can maintain viability since the late of bud stage, the flower has the strongest

  1. An Inquiry into the 28 Lodges (xiu) in Daybooks (Ri Shu) on Bamboo Slips of the Chu and Qin States%楚、秦简《日书》中的二十八宿问题探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟守华

    2009-01-01

    楚、秦简中关于二十八宿的新史料,对考释二十八宿在战国至秦代的演变有着重要价值.重点探讨了其中的二十八宿古距度、旦昏中星、日在星宿、四象分度不均匀、二十八宿数与二十八宿星占等问题.%The new historical materials concerning the 28 lodges found in Daybooks (Ri Shu) written on bamboo slips of the Chu and Qin states play an important role in investigations into the e-volution of these lodges in China from the Warring States Period to the Qin dynasty. This paper lays stress on the material in these sources relating to the so-called 'old' angular widths of the 28 lodges, dusk and dawn culminating stars, the stellar lodges in which the sun was located, the inequality of the divisions of the sky linked to the four emblematic animals, the number of the 28 lodges and stellar divination based on the 28 lodges.

  2. Further Correction to Chu Ci Bu Zhu of Zhonghua Book Company Edition%中华书局重印本《楚辞补注》点校补正

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵杰

    2015-01-01

    Chu Ci Bu Zhu has been reprinted multiple times since the Zhong Hua Book Company edition in 1983. Modifica-tions can be found in each edition ever since. Zhong Hua Book Company reprinted this book in 2009, which was identical to the 2002 edition. Although corrections have been made to the punctuations of the 2002 edition, there are still punctuations missing, mistaken, and inconsistent. Thus the author intends to make further corrections.%中华书局1983年版《楚辞补注》重印过多次,每次重印均有挖补修改。仅2009年中华书局重印此书,与2002年重印本无异。2002年后学界有数篇文章对2002年重印本的标点问题进行了一些改正,惜有未尽未确之处。其间漏标、误标、前后不一者多处,今就所见予以补正。

  3. 九连墩楚墓出土璧玉、石磬和镶嵌物的科学分析%Scientific Analysis on Jasper, Chime Stone and Embedded Object Excavated from Jiuliandun Chu Tomb

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏国锋; 秦颍; 胡雅丽; 董亚巍; 王昌燧

    2011-01-01

    本文采用X射线衍射技术和X射线荧光分析技术对九连墩楚墓出土的璧玉、石磬和镶嵌物进行了物相分析和成分分析。结果表明璧玉的主要成分为透闪石,石磬的主要成分为方解石。同时对镶嵌物的分析表明当时可能采用的是红铜镶嵌技术。这次分析为九连墩出土文物的复仿制和进一步的保护工作提供了科学依据。%Phase and composition of the jasper, chime stone and embedded object excavated from Jiuliandun Chu Tomb was analyzed with methods of X-Ray Diffraction Technology and X-Ray Fluor- escence Spectrometric Analytical Technology.. The results suggest that the main composition of jasper and chime stone are tremolite and calcite, respectively, whereas the rose copper embedding technology was adopted at that time. The study offers scientific foundations for deplicating, modeling and conserv- ing these cultural relics.

  4. 《离骚》中“香草美人”意象及其与楚文化的关系%The image of the vanilla and the beauty in Li Sao and the Chu culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方崇婧; 徐柏青

    2014-01-01

    《离骚》用大量文墨写了各类香草,并且还多次提到“美人”或“美女”。《离骚》中充满灵性的香草象征着诗人美好的品质及诗人对美好品质的追求,而“美人”意象,不仅比喻君臣关系,也用来象征诗人对理想的炽热追求和追求失败的痛苦。香草美人意象的运用,使《离骚》不仅内涵丰富,而且也极富浪漫色彩。“香草美人”意象是屈原的艺术创新,这种创新实际上与楚国地理环境、楚国巫文化,以及庄子浪漫主义有着密切的关系。%In Li Sao by Qu Yuan ,many kinds of vanillas were written ,the beauty was mentioned many times .Vanilla stood for the fine quality of the poet , and the beauty for the wise kings .The art images came from the geographical environment , the witchcraft of Chu culture and the romantic of Zhuangzi .

  5. 回族儿童(7~12岁)生活习惯与体育技能获取途径的调查与分析%A Survey and Analysis of Children(7 - 12) of Hui Nationality's Living Habits and Access to Sports Skills

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘凌宇

    2012-01-01

    By means of investigation and questionnaire, Hui children's ( age 7 - 12) sports activities and cognition, living habits and access to sports were studied. A comprehensive analysis was also made of the influence of Hui nationality's peculiar habits and living environment on Hui children's living habits, sound growth and socializing. From the sociological perspective, the effect of socio - economy, culture, national conventions and environmental factors on children's socialization in the fonnation of Hui children's living habits and access to sports was analyzed. The inter - relationship and mutual promotion of Hui children's living habits and participation in sports was explored. Thus, in terms of learning, habit formation, acquisition of skills and social adaptation, the Hui children's education and growth was thoroughly examined.%运用走访调查和问卷调查等方法对回族7~12岁儿童的体育活动规律和体育认知程度、生活习惯和体育获取途径等内容进行研究,全面分析了回族儿童特有的民族习惯和生活环境等社会因素,对其生活习惯、健康成长和社会化过程的影响,并从社会学的角度分析了回族儿童生活习惯与体育获取途径中社会、经济、文化、民族习俗和环境因素对儿童社会化发展的影响,探讨回族儿童生活习惯与体育参与行为在社会实践中相互联系和相互促进的发展规律,从学习、习惯养成、技能获取和社会适应等方面全面审视了回族儿童的教育和成长过程.

  6. VDR基因多态性与宁夏回汉族白癜风患者的相关性研究%Investigation on association of VDR gene polymorphism with Hui and Han ethnic vitiligo patients in NingXia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭睿; 郝雁杰; 汪京峡; 刘霞; 杨文斌

    2012-01-01

    目的 研究VDR基因FokI、BsmI位点与宁夏地区回汉族白癜风患者遗传易感性的关系.方法 应用PCR-RFLP技术进行了宁夏回汉族白癜风患者的VDR基因FokI、BsmI位点频率分布的检测.结果 FokI位点的基因型和等位基因的分布频率在宁夏回汉族白癜风患者和对照组中均无统计学意义.BsmI位点Bb基因型的频率分布在宁夏回族白癜风组和回族健康对照组有显著性差异(P为0.033) ;而且Bb基因型的频率在宁夏白癜风患者组和对照组组中也有统计学意义(P值为0.036).结论 VDR 基因BsmI (rs:1544410) 位点可能是宁夏地区尤其是回族人群中白癜风发病的保护因子.%Objective To evaluate the assoriation of the polymorphism of VDR gene FokI and BsmI sites and the gr netir susrrptibility of Hui and Han cthnic vitiligo patiants in XingXia. Methods Polymarase chain relation scquancc rc strirtion fragment length polymorphism (PCR RFLP ) was used to analyzc the distribution of allles and genotypes of the Fold .mel BsmT sites of the VDR gene among Hui and Han cthnir vitiligo patients in Xingxin. Results There was no smtistirally signifirant rliffercncc in the frequencic.s of VDR FokI genotypes and alleles between the vitiligo patients and healthy controls in Han and Hui nationality (P>0.05). There was statistically signifirant diffcrenre in the frequcncies of Bb genotypes of VDR BsmT site between Hui ethnir vitiligo paticnts mel Hui ethnir healthy rontrols in XingXia (P - 0. 033) , and also between vitiligo patients mel healthy rontrols in XingXia. (P -0.026). Conclusion The Bsm I ( rs: 1544410) site of the VDR gene was likely the proteet factor in the pathogrncsis of vitiligo among XingXia population, especially Hui ethnir.

  7. Gene Polymorphism in Promoter of Interleukin- 6 between Hui and Han Ethnic Group of Ningxia%宁夏回、汉族群体IL-6启动子区基因多态性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    詹福寿; 李霞; 万艳; 张静; 霍正浩

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨白细胞介素6(interleukin6,IL-6)基因多态性在宁夏回、汉族人群中的分布特征.方法 应用聚合酶链反应-限制性片段长度多态性(PCR-RFLP)方法,对210例回族和308例汉族人群白细胞介素6基因启动子区三个多态性位点(-572G/C、-597G/A、-174G/C)进行检测.结果 宁夏回族群体IL-6基因三个SNP各基因型频率及等位基因频率分别为,-572G/C(CC:55.71%;CG:34.76%;GG:9.52%;C:73.10%;G:26.90%);-597G/A(GG:94.29%;GA:5.71%;AA:0%;G:97.14%;A:2.86);-174G/C(GG:96.67%;GC:3.23%;CC:0%;G:98.33%;C:1.67%).宁夏汉族群体IL-6基因三个SNP各基因型频率及等位基因频率分别为,-572(CC:52.92%;CG:35.71%;GG:11.36%;C:70.78%;G:29.22%);-597(GG:92.86%;GA:7.14%;AA:0%;G:96.13%;A:3.57);-174(GG:97.08%;GC:2.92%;CC:0%;G:98.54%;C:1.46%).两组间差异均无统计学意义(P>0.05);按性别分组,三个SNP位点的基因型频率及等位基因频率差异亦无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论 IL-6基因-572、-597、-174三个多态性位点在宁夏回、汉族人群及不同性别间差异无统计学意义.%Objective To explore the frequencies of allele and genotype distribution of interleukin6 ( IL - 6) gene promoter- 572G/C, -597G/A and - 174G/C polymorphisms in the Hui and Han people of Ningxia Province and to analyze the distributions of IL -6 polymorphism among different places and ethnic groups.Methods The gene IL -6 -572G/C, -597G/A and - 174G/C polymorphisms was examined by the polymerase chain reaction- restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR- RFLP) methods in 210 hui and 308 han healthy adults. Results IL - 6 - 572, - 597, - 174 genotype frequencies were - 572 ( CC :55.71%;CG:34.76%; GG: 9.52%; C: 73. 10%; G: 26.90% ), - 597 ( GG: 94.29%; GA: 5.71%; AA: 0%; G:97. 14%; A :2.86) and - 174 ( GG: 96.67 %; GC: 3.23 %; CC: 0%; G: 98.33 %; C: 1.67 % ) in Ningxia Hui ethnic group, respectively. IL - 6 - 572, - 597, - 174 genotypes frequencies were - 572 ( CC :52.92

  8. Effective of Hui Medicine AikangFang Synergism Chemotherapy to Lewis Lung Carcinoma Cell Ultrastructure%回药爱康方协同化疗对小鼠Lewis肺癌细胞超微结构的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马治国; 马科; 周丽萍; 边静; 周慧

    2012-01-01

    Objective Observed effective of Hui medicine AikangFang synergism chemotherapy to mice Lewis lung cancer cell changes by electron microscope. Methods We uesed to 55 C57 mice which were inoculated Lewis lung carcinoma cells after 24 h were randomly divided into model group, chemotherapy group, Hui medicine AikangFang; AikangFang low - dose and high - dose chemotherapy group. After 14d treatment, we observed the general situation of mice, completely stripping tumor tissue that the tumor, lung cells dissection, e-lectron microscope drawn, fabrication, observed in each group changes in the structure of tumor cells. Results Compared with model group, the rest of group mice general situation were good, high - dose plus chemotherapy group was best, the mice tumor weight compared with model group were statistically significant ( P < 0.01 ). Treatment groups of lung cancer cells have different degrees of morpho logical damage, high - dose chemotherapy group the most obvious cell damage, a large number of organelles necrosis, chromatin high degree of concentration. Conclusion Hui medicine AikangFang affects cancer cells , the high - dose chemotherapy can be effectively coordinated damage tumor cells.%目的 观察回药爱康方协同化疗对小鼠Lewis肺癌细胞超微结构的影响.方法 把55只C57小鼠接种Lewis肺癌细胞24h后随机分为模型组、化疗组、爱康方组、爱康方低剂量加化疗组、爱康方高剂量加化疗组.治疗14d后,观察小鼠一般情况,完整剥离肿瘤组织称瘤重,电镜取材、制作,观察各组肿瘤细胞结构的改变.结果 与模型组比较,其余各组小鼠一般情况较好,高剂量加化疗组最佳,小鼠瘤重较模型组轻,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.01);与模型组比较,其余各组的肺癌细胞形态都有不同程度的损伤,高剂量加化疗组细胞破坏最明显,出现大量细胞器坏死,染色质高度聚集.结论 回药爱康方高剂量协同化疗可有效损伤肿瘤细胞.

  9. The Comparative Study on Self-consciousness of Han,Hui and Uighur School Children%汉、回、维吾尔族学龄儿童自我意识的比较研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段宝军; 李玉保; 柴樱珊

    2014-01-01

    为了探讨汉、回、维吾尔族学龄儿童在自我意识及其各因子上的差异性特点,采用Piers-Harris儿童自我意识量表对808名汉、回、维吾尔族学龄儿童进行施测。结果表明:在自我意识总分及行为、智力与学校情况、躯体外貌与属性、合群因子上女生显著高于男生;维吾尔族学龄儿童在自我意识总分及行为、智力与学校情况、躯体外貌与属性、焦虑、幸福与满足因子上显著高于回族学龄儿童,在自我意识总分及智力与学校情况、躯体外貌与属性因子上显著高于汉族学龄儿童;五年级和六年级学龄儿童自我意识总分及智力与学校情况、躯体外貌与属性、合群、幸福与满足因子上显著高于四年级儿童,四年级学龄儿童在合群因子上显著低于六年级儿童,在幸福与满足因子上显著低于五年级儿童。%To explore the different characteristics of self-consciousness and each factor score in Han,Hui and Uyghur school chil-dren,808 Han,Hui and Uyghur school children were tested by the Piers-Harris Children's Self-consciousness Scale. The results show that(1)The self-consciousness total score and behavior,intelligence and school situation,body appearance and attributes,and the gregariousness factor of the female school children were significantly higher than those of the male school children.( 2 )The Uyghur school children's self-consciousness total score and behavior,intelligence and school situation,body appearance and attributes,anxie-ty,happiness and satisfaction factors were significantly higher than those of Hui school children;their self-consciousness total score, intelligence and school situation,body appearance and attributes were significantly higher than those of Han school children.(3)The grade 5 and grade 6 school children's self-consciousness total score,intelligence and school situation,body appearance and attributes, the gregariousness,happiness and

  10. 宁夏中部干旱带土地利用变化及驱动力分析%Analysis on Land Use Change and Its Driving Forces in Arid Area of Central Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾科利; 张俊华

    2011-01-01

    By using data derived from the 1978 MSS image and 1987,1996,2007 Landsat TM/ETM images and with the help of GIS,the land use change in arid area of central Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region was analyzed.At the same time,the driving forces of the land use change was identified by making use of the correlation analysis and principal component.The results showed that the overall trend of land use change in arid area of central Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region was in an enlargement of the areas of cultivated land,urban land,whereas sandy land area decreased 281 682 hm2,an average annual increase rate grassland area was 0.17%,and area of forest land reduced nearly 30 000 hm2 over 30 years.The land use information entropy indicating that the degree of disorder for land use system increased,and the structure of land use became complexity and diversity.It was considered that population,economic,regional socio-economic development degree,industrial structure,agricultural production,socio-input,government policy,and natural factors are the main driving forces inducing land use change in arid area of central Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region.More importantly,the principal component analysis showed that the impacts of human activity combining with some other conditions were the leading factors that induced dynamic change of the 1and use.%利用1978年MSS、1987年、1996年及2007年TM遥感影像,借助遥感和GIS技术及相关分析、主成分分析方法,对宁夏中部干旱带1978-2007年土地利用变化及驱动力进行了分析。结果表明:1978-2007年耕地、城镇用地面积快速增加,沙地面积减少了281 682hm2。草地以年均0.17%的速率不断增加,林地面积减少了近3万hm2。土地利用系统无序化程度增加,土地利用利用结构复杂性和多样性增大。人口、经济、产业结构、农业生产、投入、富裕程度、政策和自然因素是驱动研究区土地利用变化的主要因素,其中,人口作为社会经济活

  11. 湖北出土楚简(五种)格式初析%A Preliminary Analysis on Format of Chu Bamboo Strips (Five Sorts) Excavated from Hubei

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李天虹

    2011-01-01

    日前,国家社科基金重大项目“湖北出土未刊布楚简(五种)集成研究”课题组,对纳入课题的湖北江陵藤店、江陵红光砖瓦厂、荆门严仓、老河口安岗和江夏丁家咀等五种共七批楚简进行了常规与红外照片的拍摄。拍摄期间,课题组尽可能对竹简形制及与形制有关的方面进行观察、测量和记录。本文分修治、编联、缮写、刮削与补字等四点谈了我们在这方面的初步印象。%The research group of National Social Science Fund Project "Integrative Research on Unpublished Chu Bamboo Strips (Five Sorts) Excavated from Hubei" took photographs of the five sorts, totally seven groups, of the strips recently, including strips from Tengdian of Jiangling County, Hongguang Brick and Tile Workshop of Jiangling County, Yancang of Jingmen City, An'gang of Laohekou City, and Dingjiazui of Jiangxia District, by both a normal camera and a infrared camera. The research group also observes, measures, and records the format and related aspects of the strips. This paper tells the preliminary impression of the strips from four points, i.e. strip-making, strip-linking, strip-writing, and strip-chopping and character's rewriting.

  12. Local Narrative of Painful Reform History---Comment on Chu He's Long Novel of Neem Tree%改革痛史的地方性叙事--评楚荷长篇小说《苦楝树》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李婷; 刘郁琪

    2014-01-01

    Chu He’s long novel Neem Tree,which explores the rise and fall history of a state -owned enterprises from the perspective of an ordinary worker,attempts to historically transcend “reform literature”since the early 1980s.It eschews the previous reform literature which concerned only with factory leadership narrative conven-tion,and focuses on bottom lives of the workers.The novel shows the pain of humanity and culture in the process of the reform,and creatively reproduces and constructs the local knowledge on the basis of Xiangtan.It is another successful attempt in “reform literature”since the new century.%楚荷的长篇小说《苦楝树》,以一个普通工人的视角来探察国有工厂的兴衰史,企图对1980年代初以来的中国“改革文学”进行历史化的超越。它避开以往改革文学仅关注工厂领导层的的叙事惯例,聚焦底层职工生活,着力表现改革过程中的人性与文化之痛,并创造性地再现和建构了以湘潭为依托的地方性知识,是新世纪以来改革文学的又一力作。

  13. Late Miocene-Pleistocene evolution of India-Eurasia convergence partitioning between the Bhutan Himalaya and the Shillong Plateau: New evidences from foreland basin deposits along the Dungsam Chu section, eastern Bhutan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coutand, Isabelle; Barrier, Laurie; Govin, Gwladys; Grujic, Djordje; Hoorn, Carina; Dupont-Nivet, Guillaume; Najman, Yani

    2016-12-01

    The Shillong Plateau is a unique basement-cored uplift in the foreland of the eastern Himalaya that accommodates part of the India-Eurasia convergence since the late Miocene. It was uplifted in the late Pliocene to 1600 m, potentially inducing regional climatic perturbations by orographically condensing part of the Indian Summer Monsoon (ISM) precipitations along its southern flank. As such, the eastern Himalaya-Shillong Plateau-ISM is suited to investigate effects of tectonics, climate, and erosion in a mountain range-broken foreland system. This study focuses on a 2200 m thick sedimentary section of the Siwalik Group strategically located in the lee of the Shillong Plateau along the Dungsam Chu at the front of the eastern Bhutan Himalaya. We have performed magnetostratigraphy constrained by vitrinite reflectance and detrital apatite fission track dating, combined with sedimentological and palynological analyses. We show that (1) the section was deposited between 7 and 1 Ma in a marginal marine deltaic transitioning into continental environment after 5 Ma, (2) depositional environments and paleoclimate were humid with no major change during the depositional period indicating that the orographic effect of the Shillong Plateau had an unexpected limited impact on the paleoclimate of the Bhutanese foothills, and (3) the diminution of the flexural subsidence in the basin and/or of the detrital input from the range is attributable to a slowdown of the displacement rates along the Main Boundary Thrust in eastern Bhutan during the latest Miocene-Pleistocene, in response to increasing partitioning of the India-Eurasia convergence into the active faults bounding the Shillong Plateau.

  14. The Analysis of Hui Old Brand Make-up Based on Genetic Perspective%基于“品牌基因”视角的回族老字号品牌构成研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨保军; 黄志斌

    2013-01-01

    品牌基因是附着在产品上的、在品牌经营中具有显著的文化表征的具有遗传特征的知识体系,携带有包含产品基因和文化基因的多种遗传信息,是决定品牌进化的基本依据。品牌通过产品基因表现为产品功能和产品结构,并表达自己的个性和价值理念,通过文化基因表现为品牌文化的独特性,最终给消费者带来品牌归属感。回族老字号是中华老字号中具有鲜明民族、区域特色的品牌,基于基因理论来分析回族老字号的品牌基因的构成,为进一步开发相应的结构化量表提供了理论依据,对于国内相关企业的成长具有借鉴意义。%Brand gene is a kind of knowledge system attached to the product and it has significant cultural and hereditary characteristics in brand management .Brand gene contains a variety of genetic information such as product gene and culture gene , which is the basis of brand evolution .Brand shows product func-tion and product structure through the product gene , and expresses its personality and value concept .The brand also shows specificity of brand culture by culture gene and finally brings consumer a brand sense of belonging .The Hui old brand has distinctive ethnic and regional characteristics among chinese old brands.This article analyze the structure of the Hui old brand based on the gene structure .And it pro-vides a theory basis to further development of exploiting relevant structural scale , which has reference sig-nificance to the growth of domestic relevant enterprise .

  15. 一个回族家系亨廷顿舞蹈病的临床特征与基因突变分析%Clinical characteristics and genetic mutation analysis in a Hui family with Huntington disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈静; 雷晶; 张小宁

    2011-01-01

    目的 分析1个回族家系亨廷顿舞蹈病的临床表现与基因突变特点.方法 应用降落聚合酶链反应( touchdown PCR)、分子克隆及基因测序等技术对1个临床诊断为亨廷顿舞蹈病的回族家系成员进行IT15基因检测.结果 先证者首发症状为双下肢疼痛,逐渐发展为舞蹈样不自主运动、情绪异常、记忆力、智力减弱等,其染色体4p16.3的IT15基因异常片段CAG重复次数为46次;其子为症状前患者CAG重复次数为44次.结论 该家系存在母系传递过程中IT15基因上CAG重复次数减少的现象,并发现1例CAA插入.%Objective To perform clinical analysis and gene diagnosis of Huntington disease (HD) in a Hui pedigree from Xinjiang.Methods The IT15 gene mutation of the Hui family was analyzed by touchdown PCR,molecular cloning and gene sequencing.Results The proband carried 46 CAG repeats.Pain in bilateral lower limb was the first symptom,followed by symptoms such as dance-like involuntary movements,mood disorders,impaired memory and intelligence.Asymptomatic son of the proband carried 44 CAG repeats.Conclusion This family showed reduced CAG trinucleotide repeats of IT15 gene during maternal transmission.A CAA variation is also detected within the CAG repeat region.

  16. Pharmacokinetics of doxapram injection in Chinese Han, Mongolian, Korean, Uigur and Hui healthy subjects%多沙普仑在中国五民族健康受试者的药代动力学

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭涛; 杨长青; 赵龙山; 程佳; 夏东亚; 曾平; 肖勇; 赵东祥; 李强; 白音

    2014-01-01

    Aim To investigate and compare the phar-macokinetics of doxapram injection in healthy subjects of different Chinese nationalities including Han, Mon-golian, Korean, Hui and Uigur, and the influence of gender,in order to provide instruction and help for the usage of doxapram for both clinic and remedy of battle wound. Methods An HPLC-UV method was used to determine the plasma concentration of doxapram. Fifty healthy subjects ( five males and five females of each nationality) were recruited for the study. A single dose of 50 mg doxapram was administered intravenously to the healthy subjects, and blood samples were collected at various predetermined time points. The pharmacoki-netic parameters were calculated by DAS software and were compared by SPSS 13. 0 software, in order to as-sess the influence of nationality or gender on pharmaco-kinetics of doxapram. Results The results indicated that the pharmacokinetic profile of doxapram in vivo could be described as two-compartment model. The main pharmacokinetic parameters for Han, Mongolian, Korean, Hui and Uygur were as follows: Cl ( 0. 25 ± 0. 11 ) , ( 0. 33 ± 0. 11 ) , ( 0. 27 ± 0. 07 ) , ( 0. 26 ± 0. 06) and (0. 39 ± 0. 25) L·h-1 ·kg-1 , while Cmax (1. 55 ± 0. 52 ) , ( 1. 02 ± 0. 30 ) , ( 1. 31 ± 0. 47 ) , (1. 48 ± 0. 46 ) and ( 0. 99 ± 0. 35 ) mg · L-1 . The AUC0-12. 5 , AUC0-∞ and Cmax of Chinese Han were sig-nificantly higher than those of Uigur and Mongolian ( P0. 05 ) . There were statistically significant differences in Vc , Vd and CL between young males and females ( P 0.05)。男性与女性的Vc、Vd 和CL差异有统计学意义( P <0.05)。结论在战、创伤和平时临床应用本品时,应该对民族因素给予足够重视。

  17. Technique and Art of Lacquer Painting:Research on Cultural Values and Promotion of Chu Lacquer Art in Wuling Mountains Area%磨漆画的工与艺并重*--楚漆艺术在武陵山片区的文化价值与价值提升研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李柏山

    2014-01-01

    Chu lacquer art is a major cultural feature of Wuling Mountains area including Hubei, Hunan, Guizhou and Chongqing region, mainly using natural lacquer to decorate the objects’ surface. Chinese lacquer craft "for the first time making a spurt of progress and prosperity in history"is mainly because of the development of Chu lacquer ware. Its decoration techniques, including painting by colors, tracing in gold, covering with gold and inlaying with mosaic, form a unique lacquer culture. For a long time, the lacquer painting has been included in the industrial art category because of too much emphasis on technology. As a result, the modern lacquer paintings using polyurethane chemical paint to teach, study and create, brought misleading and toxicity to the society. However, because of few research on the lacquer painting, the controversy is suspended, which has seriously affected the development of lacquer painting as an independent form of painting, and also affected the discovery and improvement of Chu lacquer art and its cultural value. Through the investigation of Chu lacquer art of Wuling Mountains area, it is found that the relationship between grinding lacquer painting and Chu lacquer art is inherited, which means lacquer painting is a modern extension of Chu lacquer art.%楚漆艺术是武陵山片区即渝、鄂、湘、黔相邻地区的一大文化特色,主要是利用天然大漆在器物表面进行髹饰。中国漆工艺在“历史上的第一次突飞猛进、兴衰繁荣”主要是由楚国漆器的发展而显示出来的。楚漆艺术的装饰技法有彩绘、描金、贴金、镶嵌等,形成了一种特有的漆器文化。磨漆画是漆器装饰的平面化。长期以来,因过于注重工艺,而被列入工艺美术的范畴。现代的磨漆画教学、研究与创作大多采用聚氨酯化学漆以实施,带来的误导与对人身体的毒害在社会上影响不小,所以不少画家对此画嗤之以鼻。但由于研

  18. 《橘颂》的传承与突破——兼论屈原创作《橘颂》之缘因与胜处%THE HERITAGE AND BREAKTHROUGH OF "ODE TO ORANGE": On Chu Yuan "s Motivation and Achievements

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈怡良

    2012-01-01

    The poem "Ode to Orange" is a piece of Chu Yuan's poetic work collected in the Nine Chapters, Chu Ci. Its uniqueness in theme, content, and representation has rendered it a model for later poets who used ordinary objects to express feelings and thoughts. The extrinsic factors of Chu Yuan's literary creation included the feelings towards natural ecology, the induction of witchcraft, the enlightenment of fairy tales, and the atmosphere of arts. The intrinsic factors of his literary creation included the appeals against his treatments, the inspirations of literature, the confidence in his talents, and his political ambitions. Some scholars believed that the spirit of Chu Ci was originated from The Book of Odes. Its title, form, theme and style were influenced by the poems "The Weeds in the Field" and "The Owl" in The Book of Odes. The poem "Ode to Orange" indicated a developmental transition from The Book of Odes to Chu Ci. In fact, there were also creativeness and innovations in addition to elements of heritage, which served as major subjects of discussion in this paper. The author believes that "Ode to Orange" is more creative than the tradition owing to Chu Yuan's extraordinary talent, knowledge, the integration of his spirit, concerns of life, suppressing the desire of materials and his national consciousness.%《橘颂》是《楚辞·九章》中之一篇,是后世托物言志诗赋的典范,被誉为“咏物之祖”。屈原创作《橘颂》之缘因,有外缘,还有内因。自然生态之引发,巫风盛行之诱导,神话典故之感悟,艺术氛围之冲激,是屈原创作《橘颂》的外缘;表达愤懑之诉求,博览群籍之启示,展现才德之自信,流露参政之志向,则是屈原创作《橘颂》的内因。楚辞乃为《诗经》之变,《橘颂》之标题、体制、主旨、写法乃因袭《诗经》之《野有蔓草》、《鸱鹗》等诗作而来。更可贵者,是屈原创

  19. 民国回族报刊话语下的“穆斯林女子剪发问题”争论透视%The Debate on“Muslim Women’ s Hair Cutting” in Hui Magazines during the Republic of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘莉

    2015-01-01

    There are a variety of text materials about the debats on “Muslim Women’s Hair Cutting” by Hui society in Hui Magazines in the Republic of China .These materials have been sorted and analyzed to find out some important informa-tion about the debate such as its wedge and contents , the meaning of “hair” as a symbol of their lives comparing with Han women’s, and so on.The analysis reveals that “hair cutting” held an important place in the society of Hui and their reli-gion.This study can be considered as a meaningful case for Hui Muslims ’ social life in the Republic of China .%20世纪30年代,回族报刊上出现了一股关于“穆斯林女子剪发问题”的讨论热潮,这场争论与当时的社会背景密切相关,受到西方文化和汉族妇女解放运动兴起的女子剪发潮流影响。透视这些争论会发现,其争论的具体进程及表现本身被抹上了浓烈的伊斯兰宗教色彩,是伊斯兰教“建筑”在头发上的种种符号和想象,其实质是回族社会对回族女性社会地位及社会分工的再塑造。

  20. 回族传承的民间武术心意六合拳考述%Exploration on the Mind-and-Intention Six Harmonies Fists Spreading amongst Hui People

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马锦丹

    2012-01-01

    The Mind-and-Intention Six Harmonies Fists is an excellent genre not only in Hui martial arts, but also in Chinese martial arts in a bigger sense. This paper is written with library and field researches to explore its or-igin and development, as well as other its detailed aspects such as principle, content, style and characteristics. All these would be beneficial to readers to know such a martial genre in Henan province.%心意六合拳不仅是回族武术的重要组成部分,同时也是中华传统武术中的优秀拳种。本文通过文献资料研究和田野调查的方法,探讨了回族所传承的民间武术心意六合拳(河南心意六合拳)的源流,并对其名称的由来及其原理、内容、风格、特点等进行了考述,对深入了解心意六合拳有积极意义。

  1. A Comparative Study of Music Morphologies and Singing Styles between Salars and Huis%撒拉族、回族民歌音乐形态及演唱风格比较研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张连葵

    2012-01-01

    There are great varieties of Salar folk songs and Hui folk songs in Qinghai Province. In the long historical development, they have formed their special and various music morphologies and singing styles. This essay mainly focuses on the comparative study of the generality and individuality of the folk songs. So it is greatly significant for inheriting the traditional ethnic music, digging out the precious ethnic music resources andfrequently innovating and developing them.%青海撒拉族民歌和回族民歌种类繁多,在长期的历史发展过程中,形成了多姿多彩、各具特色的音乐形态及演唱风格。对两个民族民歌共性与个性的比较研究,对于继承民族音乐传统,挖掘宝贵的民族音乐资源,从而不断创新与发展民族音乐具有重要的意义。

  2. Study of the Modern Hui Journalist Ding Zhuyuan’s Occupational Outlook and Society Practice%近代回族报人丁竹园的职业观及其社会实践研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张琴; 王晶

    2012-01-01

    丁竹园是近代回族社会早期重要报人的代表,他主张白话办报、为民办报,言论自由办报。他身体力行,撰文立说,发表演说,创办刊物,积极投入到社会实践当中,是近代回族社会杰出的回族爱国知识分子。通过对丁竹园生平活动、办报职业观、社会实践及其社会影响等几个方面,来评述他的先进事迹。%Ding Zhuyuan was an important representative of journalist in modern Hui society.He advocated running a newspaper in vernacular Chinese,running a newspaper for people and running a newspaper of freedom speech.At the same time,he published the paper,gave speech and started the publication,actively devoting himself to social practice.This paper will comment on Ding Zhuyuan’s outstanding deeds through presenting his lifetime activity,occupational outlook of running a newspaper,society practice and his social influence.

  3. Avoidance and Use of Buddhism Words in Hui Muslims Language in Northwest China%西北回族话对汉语佛教词的回避与化用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李生信

    2014-01-01

    In Hui Muslims’ Language, because of religious taboo and ethnic customs, some words of Buddhism in Chinese are avoided, even being refused to use in their daily life, yet some of them are kept in their daily life unconscious-ly, of which are embodied with meanings of Islam.The avoidance and use of these words is the expression of communica-tion of language and culture.%在西北回族话中,由于宗教禁忌或民族习俗等原因,对汉语中的某些佛教词采用了回避,甚至排斥的态度,但又有意或者无意地保留了一些原本属于表达佛教意义的词,只是在使用这些汉语佛教词时,赋予了伊斯兰教内容。这种词语的回避和化用,是语言接触与文化兼容在语言中的表现。

  4. The Hui Culture and Reconstruction of South Silk Route in the Context of“One Belt And one Road”%回族文化与“一带一路”背景下南方丝绸之路的重构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    纳文汇

    2016-01-01

    “一带一路”建设是新形势下中国对外开放的重要战略布局,也是中国经济社会发展的重大历史机遇,而南方丝绸之路是古丝绸之路的重要组成部分,重构南方丝绸之路是“一带一路”建设的重要内容。“一带一路”沿线国家多,民族多样、宗教多元,民族文化和宗教文化丰富而厚重,其中,伊斯兰文化和回族文化是“一带一路”建设和重构南方丝绸之路的重要资源。因此,要在传承和弘扬伊斯兰文化和回族优秀传统文化的基础上,进一步加强回族文化建设,积极引导伊斯兰教与社会主义相适应,充分调动和发挥回族穆斯林和回族文化在“一带一路”建设中的积极作用。%“One Belt And One Road” construction under the new situation of China's opening to the outside is important strategic layout, and is also great historical opportunity of China's economic and social development, and the southern silk road is an important part of the ancient silk road, re-construct the southern silk road is an important content of the construction of the“area”.“Area” all the way along the national, ethnic diversity and reli-gious pluralism, national culture and religious culture, rich and thick, among them, the islamic culture and the culture of the hui nationality is the“area” construction and reconstruction the important resources in the southern silk road.In inheriting and carrying forward the culture of Islam and, therefore, on the basis of the excellent traditional culture of hui nationality, further strengthening the construction of the hui culture, actively guide Islam adapted to socialism, and fully mobilize and exert the hui Muslim hui culture positive role in constructing the“area”.

  5. 朱子、象山和阳明哲学终极天理的实在性与内在性%Reality and Immanence of Ultimate Tianli in Philosophy Thoughts of Chu His, Lu Hsiangshan, and Wang Yangming

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘笑非

    2014-01-01

    In Neo Confucianism,Chu His,Lu Hsiang shan and Wang Yang ming had the same opinion on insisting the reality of the ultimate Tianli,but only Wang addressed that Xin and Tianli is the same thing in ontological meaning,therefore,as to Wang,the conception Xin has the ontological meaning.According-ly,they have different opinion in respect of the immanence of Tianli.Zhu considered Tianli is immanent not only in the everything outside,but also in the mind(Xin)of human being,so his theory of Gong fu also had two directs,one is Dao Wen xue,which means learning from the outside to know the Tianli,the other is Zun De xing,which means learning from inside and do something to be a good person.Lu and Wang paid more attention to the inside respect in their theory of Gongfu because they thought that it is more im-portant to realize the immanence of Tianli in the respect of human being than of everything outside.Howev-er,there is a distinction between Lu and Wang Lu didn't explain why Xin can have many relationships to the everything outside because he didn't realize the ontological meaning of Xin,whereas Wang solved this problem later.%在宋明理学终极天理的实在性上,朱子、象山、阳明均持肯定态度,只是阳明强调心理一体,心具有本体论的意义。在终极天理的内在性上,朱子兼强调其内在于万物与内在于人的两个方面,所以他的工夫论既有向外的“道问学”,又有向内的“尊德性”;象山和阳明强调其内在于人上,故而他们的工夫论重在向内的“尊德性”。由于象山没有指出心在本体论上与终极之理是一体的,所以他并没有详细论证心对于外物的统摄地位。这一点直到阳明才得到了较好的处理。

  6. 宁夏水土保持的产业结构影响评价%Impact Evaluation on Industrial Structure of Soil and Water Conservation in Ningxia Hui Automonous Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴启蒙; 朱志玲; 吴咏梅; 王梅梅; 程淑杰; 王重玲

    2012-01-01

    The reasons for soil and water erosion under the different ecological environment and industrial conditions were investigated, which could provide support in theory for the partitioning control of the soil and water erosion in Ningxia Hui Automonous Region. A series of qualitative and quantitative analysis methods were used in this study, such as spatial overlay analysis, integrating expert system and hierarchical cluster analysis. Water conservation, wa- ter and wind erosion control were combined to study the ecosystem service function of soil and water conservation. Meanwhile, the influence of industrial structure on the ecosystem service function of soil and water conservation was evaluated. Based on these analysis, Ningxia Hui Automonous Region was divided into 3 control regions: important, moderately important and unimportant regions of soil and water erosion. The results showed that: the unreasonable tillage and the mode of industrial and mining exploitation could be changed in important regions of soil and water erosion. The relationship between the oasis exploitation and ecological environment should be coordinated well, and ecological engineering construct should proceed actively in the moderately important regions of soil and water erosion. The industrial structure had no significant influence on the soil and water conservation in the unimportant regions. With regard to the bad ecological environment foundation, we should control the growth of the population, implement the transition of the industry actively, and strengthen the governance of geological environment and ecological restoration.%探讨不同生态环境基础和产业条件下的水土流失原因,可为宁夏水土流失分区治理提供理论支持。运用空间叠置、专家集成和系统聚类等定性和定量方法,从水源涵养、防治土壤水力侵蚀和风力侵蚀3个方面分析宁夏水土保持生态系统服务功能,同时评价产业结构对宁夏水土保持生

  7. Action framework for climate change adaptation:an agriculture case in Ningxia Hui nationality autonomous region%气候变化适应行动实施框架——宁夏农业案例实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    居煇; 陈晓光; 王涛明; 姜帅

    2011-01-01

    Ningxia Hui nationality autonomous region is one of the ecological fragile and poor regions in China, sothis region could be used as representative and model sample for adaptation demonstration of agriculture system in China. According to climate change adaptation action framework,drought risk and water resource shortage will increase in future. At the same time, frequency and intensity of extreme climate events will also strengthen. High efficient water-saving irrigation technology and high efficient planting patterns should be developed in the north, facility agriculture and husbandry in the middle and characteristic agriculture in the south of Ningxia Hui nationality autonomous region in future. People working in meteorology and water resource fields think that adaptation effect will be good, while people in agriculture and forestry fields think it should be considered carefully. The primary criterion for adaptation implementation is to meet with the local and state policies. The second is the cost-effectiveness. Public awareness to climate risk and flexibility of measures requirement are relatively weakened in the course of implementation. In general, meteorological services and planting structure adjustment are preferred adaptation measures. In spite of the traditional and regular technologies such as concrete mulching and water-saving are good,their applications face certain limitations for adaptation implementing in first-class choice.%宁夏是我国生态脆弱区和贫困区之一,以宁夏为例开展农业适应行动实践具有一定的代表性和示范作用.根据气候变化适应行动实施框架,研究结果表明:宁夏未来气候干旱风险将增加,水资源短缺矛盾加剧,极端气候事件频率和强度加大.未来宁夏北部灌区农业应以发展节水灌溉和高效种植为主,中部以设施农业和牧业为主,南部以发展特色农业为主.气象部门和水利部门对适应技术的适应效果持乐观态度,农牧

  8. 宁夏回族女作家马金莲的小说创作论略%Delicate "Farm Work Poetry":a Survey of Novels by Ningxia Hui Nationality Woman Writer MA Jinlian

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王兴文

    2011-01-01

    马金莲是新世纪以来崭露头角并获得宁夏评论界首肯的回族女作家。她的小说以独特的叙述视角观照西海固古老乡土的民间生存,以平淡自然的文风谱写着清丽的"农事诗",并通过对女性生存状况的书写表达自己对女性的人文关怀。随着题材范围的拓展与对西海固人日常生存的深入思考,马金莲在坚持平淡自然的文风的道路上一定会更有建树。%MA Jinlian is a Hui nationality woman writer praised by Ningxia critical circle thanks to the novelty in her novels since the new century.Her novels reflect the folk living of the country of Xi-hai-gu with a unique narrative perspective,compose delicate farm work poetry with a plain and natural writing style,and express her humanistic concern to women through writing the females' survival condition.With the expansion of the writing material and the deep thought about the daily life of the Xi-hai-gu people,Ma Jinlian will make more achievements on the way of insisting on the plain and natural writing style.

  9. 论西北回族民间叙事诗的“三美”精神%On“Three-Beauty”Spirits inside the Folk Narrative Poem Of the Hui Nationality in Northwest China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘继辉

    2015-01-01

    Folk narrative poems grow out of the need to make emotional and aesthetic expression in low-class community, which exposes their aesthetic view, value view and world view, manifesting their yearning and expectation to beauty, love, and happy life. Folk narrative poems of the northwestern Hui nationality are the external form to express their pursuing, expressing and revealing the beauty. In the aesthetic form, this style of poery chiefly embodies the sad beauty on love and marriage tragedy;the perfection beauty with the love victory; the sublime beauty of reproducing the heroic epic.These three aesthetic spirits concetrate on the works like“Brother Mawu and Sister GA Dou”,“Purple Flowers”and“Ode to the Hero Bai Yan-hu”.%民间叙事诗产生于下层民众情感发抒、审美体现的需要,表现下层民众的审美观、价值观和世界观,彰显着他们对美、对爱、对幸福生活的向往和期待。西北回族民间叙事诗是他们追求美、表现美、揭示美的外在形式,在审美形态上主要体现为反映爱情婚姻悲剧的“凄美”、寄托爱情胜利的“完美”、再现英雄史诗的“壮美”。这三种美学精神集中地表现在《马五哥与尕豆妹》《紫花儿》《歌唱英雄白彦虎》等作品中。

  10. 微波消解-ICP-AES法测定回汉族人群血清中的微量元素%Determination of serum trace elements of Hui and Han ethnic by ICP-AES after microwave digestion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李玲; 樊学敏; 靳雅男; 赵燚

    2014-01-01

    The concentration of serum mineral elements of rural residents in Ningxia was determined by ICP-AES in this work. Microwave digestion was used for sample decomposition. By this way, RSD≤3. 5%and the average recoveries were in the range of 90%-117%. The method is simple,rapid,sensitive and accurate for the determination of various elements in the same ser-um. The results show that,there are significant difference between Hui ethnic group and Han ethnic group in 14 elements(P<0. 05) . At the same time,the reasons which caused differences were explained.%本文测定了宁夏农村地区回汉族人群血清中Li、Co、Cd、Ga、Ba、Sr、Cu、Zn、Fe、Al、Se、Sn、B、Mn、Cr、Ni、Pb、Ca、K、Mg、Na、P、S的含量。采用微波消解对样品进行了前处理,使用电感耦合等离子体原子发射光谱法( ICP-AES)进行测定。该方法的RSD≤3.5%,样品加标回收率为90%~117%。该法简便、快速、灵敏、准确,可用于血清中多种元素含量的同时测定。研究结果表明,K、Fe、Cu、Mn、Ni、Ga、Al、Se、Pb、S、Cd、Cr、Sr、Ca这14种元素含量在回族和汉族之间存在着显著性差异(P<0.05),探讨了产生上述差异的原因。

  11. Chu Jiwang:Modern Confucian Businessman

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ Modern Confucian businessman is not just a title. A Confucianminded businessman is abusinessman with the highest value bridging modern and traditional cultures.He embodies not only the depth of the traditional culture but also the openness of modern business concepts.

  12. Analysis for phenylalanine hydroxylase gene mutations in 35 ethnic Hui children from Ningxia with phenylketonuria%35例回族苯丙酮尿症患儿苯丙氨酸羟化酶基因突变分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毛新梅; 何江; 刘媛; 李晓强; 余伍忠

    2014-01-01

    Objective To determine the type and frequency of phenylalanine hydroxylase gene (PAH) mutations in ethnic Hui patients from Ningxia with phenylketonuria (PKU).Methods For 35 PKU children patients and 50 healthy individuals,all exons and promoters of the PAH gene were analyzed with PCR and direct sequencing.Results Twenty mutations,including 8 missense mutations (40%),5 nonsense mutations (25 %),4 splice site mutations (20 %) and 3 deletion mutants (15 %) were discovered.The overall detection rate was 68.57% (48/70).Common mutations have included R243Q (12.86%),R241C (11.43%),EX6-96A>G (5.71%),Y356X (5.71%),R413P (4.29%) and Q232X (4.29%),whilst rarer ones have included S16fsX10 (2.86%),R111X (2.86%) and L430P (2.86%).Among these,S16fsX10,L430P,D222G and IVS11+1G→A have not been reported previously.Y414X and S303fsX38 have not been reported in Hui ethnic group.No mutation was detected in the 50 normal controls.Conclusion The types and distribution of PAH gene mutations in ethnic Hui from Ningxia have been different from other areas of China.The mutations also showed a rich diversity.%目的 探讨宁夏回族地区苯丙氨酸羟化酶(phenylalanine hydroxylase,PAH)基因突变特点,为该地区苯丙酮尿症(phenylketonuria,PKU)的基因诊断和产前诊断提供依据.方法 应用PCR产物直接测序法,对宁夏地区35例回族PKU患儿和50名正常健康个体的PAH基因第1~13外显子及其旁侧内含子区域进行基因突变分析.结果 共检出20种突变类型,包括错义突变8种(40%)、无义突变5种(25%)、剪切位点突变4种(20%)、缺失突变3种(15%),等位基因突变检出率为68.57%(48/70).最常见的基因突变类型是p.R243Q(12.86%)、p.R241C(11.43%)、EX6-96A>G(5.71%)、p.Y356X(5.71%)、p.R413P(4.29%)和p.Q232X(4.29%);较常见的突变类型为S16fsX10(2.86%)、p.R111X(2.86%)和p.L430P(2.86%).其中S16fsX10、p.L430P、p.D222G和IVS11+1G→A突

  13. Relation of metabolic syndrome with plasma adiponectin level and gene polymorphism in Ningxia Hui subjects%宁夏回族代谢综合征与脂联素水平及基因多态性的相关性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈佳; 武海亮; 刘雅娟; 曹相原; 马晓薇; 荆忻; 杨锐英

    2013-01-01

    Objective To study the relation of metabolic syndrome with plasma adiponectin level and mononucleotide polymorphisms at SNP45T/G and 276G/T in Ningxia Hui subjects .Methods Three hundred and five Hui subjects from Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region with no genetic relationship and interracial marriage in 3 generations were divided into metabolic syndrome group (n=207) and control group(n= 98) .Their plasma adiponectin level was measured by ELISA and their gene polymorphisms at SNP45T/G and 276G/T were detected by PCR-RFLP .Results The body mass index ,waist/hip ratio ,systolic blood pressure ,and diastolic blood pressure ,plasma levels of adiponectin ,fasting blood glucose and insulin , TG , TC , LDL-C were significantly higher whereas the plasma HDL-C level was significantly lower in metabolic syndrome group than in control group(P<0 .05 ,P<0. 01).The frequencies of genotypes at SNP+45 TG+GG and G al-leles were significantly higher while those of TT genes and T alleles were significantly lower in metabolic syndrome group than in control group ( P<0 .01) .Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the gene polymorphisms at SNP+45T/G were the risk factors for metabolic syndrome in Hui subjects .Conclusion The adiponectin level is lower in Hui metabolic syndrome patients .The risk to develop metabolic syndrome increases in Hui subjects carrying SNP + 45G alleles .%目的 探讨脂联素水平及其单核苷酸多态性(SNP+45T/G和SNP+276G/T) 2个位点与宁夏回族代谢综合征(MS)的关系.方法 选择祖居宁夏、无亲缘关系、3代内无异族通婚史的回族个体共305例,分为MS组207例和对照组98例;应用ELISA及PCR-RFLP技术检测血浆脂联素水平及其2个位点的SNP.结果 与对照组比较,MS组体重指数、腰臀比、收缩压、舒张压、空腹血糖、空腹胰岛素、TG、LDL-C、胰岛素抵抗指数明显升高,TC、HDL-C、脂联素水平明显降低,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05,P<0.01).与对照组比较,MS

  14. Islamic culture and the narrative ethics of Hui novels after the turn of the century%伊斯兰文化与世纪之交以来回族小说的叙事伦理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金春平

    2014-01-01

    With their fundamental values originated from Islamic culture, the Hui novels since the turn of the century tend to construct a religious narrative ethics of“conservatism”:by the“clean spirit”, saving the true humanity and clean Soul against profane temptation and moral corruption;by the“awareness of the other shore”, pursuing the communion of life and death, and the transmigration and relief from secular suffering, by“sacred experience”, understanding the animism and mysterious vision in religion and deities; and by the consciousness of “converting to maternal family”, seeking the identity affiliation and native poetry from the spirit vagrancy and cultural rootlessness. Hence the narrative ethics bred by the Islamic culture implicate certain religious reflection and aesthetic criticism against the novel narrations which take“Modernity”as their dominant values.%世纪之交以来的回族小说,以伊斯兰文化为价值底色,构建着“保守主义”倾向的宗教性叙事伦理,主要表现为以“清洁精神”伦理拯救世俗诱惑和道德沦陷困境中的人性之真与心灵之净,以“彼岸意识”伦理探寻生死相通和现世苦难追问中的轮回运转与超越解脱,以“神圣体验”伦理参悟万物有灵和宗教神祗领域中的幽冥哲思与神秘图景,以“母族皈依”伦理重觅精神漂泊和文化无根突围中的身份归属与本土诗意,伊斯兰文化孕育的叙事伦理,蕴含着对以“现代性”为价值主导小说叙事的宗教式反思与审美式批判。

  15. Study on Fluctuation Ratio of Grassland Vegetation in the Haba Lake Natural Reserve of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region%哈巴湖自然保护区草地植被数量波动探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏鹏飞; 张克斌; 王晓; 庞吉林; 王海星

    2012-01-01

    植被波动是植被动态的一种表现形式,该文在生态学、统计学基础上,结合草地植被特征,采用专家权重法构建草地植被波动测度公式,以哈巴湖自然保护区为例,研究2006—2010年草地植被数量波动及波动率,从数量特征上对草地植被波动进行探讨。结果表明:哈巴湖自然保护区植被波动率正向波动2007年最大,为0.381,是近年来植被生长状况最好的一年;负向波动以2009年的-0.350的绝对值最大,表明2009年是近年来植被生长状况最差的一年。草地植被数量的波动,一定程度上反映了该年度植被生长状况,为草地经营管理和植被恢复提供了便利,同时也为预测未来草地植被变化提供了依据。%Vegetation fluctuation is an important part of vegetation dynamics.Based on the meanings of ecology and statistics,and combined with the characteristics of grassland vegetation,fluctuation measure formula was built by the method of expert weighting.The grassland vegetation quantitative fluctuation and its fluctuation ratio between 2006 and 2010 were studied in Haba Lake Natural Reserve of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region,the fluctuation was discussed from the number of features on the grassland.Results showed that the biggest positive fluctuation ratio was 0.381 in 2007,meaning the best vegetation growth during recent years.While the most negative fluctuation ratio was-0.350 in 2009,meaning the worst vegetation growth during this period.Vegetation fluctuation of grassland reflects the situation of vegetation growth and provides scientific basis for grassland management,as an effective method to forecast future grassland fluctuations.

  16. 论洮河古名的藏缅语源与文化观念——"鲁神"的早期地名记录及其与彩陶蛙纹的关系%The Etymology of Tao River and its Cultural Concept:An Explanation of Klu-chu and the Frog Pattern on Painted Pottery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘铁程

    2015-01-01

    洮河之名在秦人的视野中首先出现,衍生出一系列历史地名.藏语称洮河为"碌曲"(鲁曲,贒?翽?),意为鲁神之河,在藏文史籍中也有较长的文献记录."洮"字上古音拟音可以与其藏语名贒(klu)对音,表明"洮河"之名源于早期的藏缅语.鲁神地名的这一记录为讨论史前甘青地区彩陶上的蛙纹等纹饰提供了研究线索.%The place name of Tao River(洮河)appeared in the Pre-Qin Period, which was the western border-land of the Qin. The ancient Tibet- Burman people lived in this area, and the Tibetans call this river as Klu-chu. Klu is a native deity of Tibet, which commonly lives in the water and could induce some skin disease. The archa-ic Chinese phonology of Tao(洮) is a record of Klu, its archaic pronunciation is similar with Klu. So the place name of klu-chu has a history of more than two thousand years. Many Neolithic relics situated in the drainage ar-ea of Tao River, which are famous for the Painted Pottery. The Frog Pattern on Painted Pottery indicates the con-cept of Klu.

  17. Einstein today; Einstein aujourd'hui

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aspect, A.; Grangier, Ph. [Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Lab. Charles Fabry de l' Institut d' Optique a Orsay, 91 - Orsay (France); Bouchet, F.R. [Institut d' Astrophysique de Paris, CNRS, 75 - Paris (France); Brunet, E.; Derrida, B. [Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, Ecole Normale Superieure, 75 - Paris (France); Cohen-Tannoudji, C. [Academie des Sciences, 75 - Paris (France); Dalibard, J.; Laloe, F. [Laboratoire Kastler Brossel. UMR 8552 (ENS, UPMC, CNRS), 75 - Paris (France); Damour, Th. [Institut des Hautes Etudes Scientifiques, 91 - Bures sur Yvette (France); Darrigol, O. [Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Groupe Histoire des Sciences Rehseis, 75 - Paris (France); Pocholle, J.P. [Thales Research et Technology France, 91 - Palaiseau (France)

    2005-07-01

    The most important contributions of Einstein involve 5 fields of physics : the existence of quanta (light quanta, stimulated radiation emission and Bose-Einstein condensation), relativity, fluctuations (Brownian motion and thermodynamical fluctuations), the basis of quantum physics and cosmology (cosmological constant and the expansion of the universe). Diverse and renowned physicists have appreciated the development of modern physics from Einstein's ideas to the knowledge of today. This book is a collective book that gathers their work under 7 chapters: 1) 1905, a new beginning; 2) from the Einstein, Podolsky and Rosen's article to quantum information (cryptography and quantum computers); 3) the Bose-Einstein condensation in gases; 4) from stimulated emission to the today's lasers; 5) Brownian motion and the fluctuation-dissipation theory; 6) general relativity; and 7) cosmology. (A.C.)

  18. La chanson belge d'aujourd'hui

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Corinne Bricmaan

    2011-01-01

    Pays multilingue et multiculturel,la Belgique est un carrefour de cultures;ce qui a évidemment influencé ses expressions artistiques,la chanson y compris.Les origines de sa musique sont bien plus anciennes que la proclamation d'indépendance de la nation elle-même,en 1830.Elles prennent source:— d'un c(o)té,dans la complexité musicale de la tradition médiévale flamande;— de l'autre,dans l'héritage ludique des jongleurs et des ménestrels qui chantaient en langue d'oil au Moyen (A)ge.Les traces de ces trouvères qui ont habité le pays restent visibles pour ceux qui savent les voir.

  19. Observation of Hui acupuncture in the treatment of movement functional impairment of shoulder joint after fracture of surgical neck of humerus%恢刺法治疗肱骨外科颈骨折术后肩关节活动功能障碍30例临床观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯志; 罗开民; 杨琳; 戚天臣

    2012-01-01

    Objective To observe the clinical effect of Hui acupuncture in the treatment of movement functional impairment of shoulder joint after fracture of surgical neck of humenis. Methods All 56 patients with movement functional impairment of shoulder joint induced by fracture of surgical neck of humerus were divided randomly into a combination of Hui acupuncture and rehabilitation group ( n = 30) and a rehabilitation group ( n = 26). The combination of Hui acupuncture and rehabilitation group were acupunctured in the rigid part of the wicked shoulder, assistant acupoints were quchi, hegu, yanglingquan; after acupuncture, some shoulder rehabilitation exercise was done. The rehabilitation group did some passive shoulder rehabilitation exercise firstly and then some active shoulder rehabilitation exercise was done. The course was 15 days in two groups. Shoulder pain visual analogue scale ( VAS) , shoulder function score and shoulder joint range of motion (ROM) were observed before and after treatment. Results Compared with scores before treatment, the VAS of the shoulder, shoulder function score, and the score of ROM after treatment were improved in two groups ( P < 0.05 ). The improvement in the combination of Hui acupuncture and rehabilitation group was superior to that in a rehabilitation group ( P <0.05). Conclusion The Hui acupuncture has definite effect on the treatment of movement functional impairment of shoulder joint after fracture of surgical neck of humerus.%目的 现察恢刺法治疗骨折术后肩关节活动功能障碍的临床疗效.方法 将56例肱骨外科颈骨折术后患者随机分为2组,对照组26例予被动活动肩关节后再行主动运动训练;治疗组30例在对照组治疗基础上加恢刺法.2组均15 d为1个疗程,4个疗程后观察治疗前后肩部疼痛视觉模拟评分(VAS)、肩关节功能评分及肩关节主动运动关节活动度(ROM)评分.结果 2组治疗后肩部疼痛VAS评分、肩关节功能评分及肩关

  20. Variations autour de la tâche dans l'enseignement / apprentissage des langues aujourd'hui What kind of tasks are used for L2 teaching and learning today?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elke Nissen

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Cet article se donne pour objectif d'identifier les types de tâches, et leurs dénominateurs communs, qui sont présentés aujourd'hui – où "l'approche par les tâches" est soutenue par le Conseil de l'Europe – aux apprenants. Il analyse pour cela les articles issus de deux numéros de revues et un ouvrage collectif récents. Il apparaît que la grande majorité des scénarios pédagogiques s'y inscrit dans la perspective actionnelle... du moins d'après la déclaration des auteurs, car leur définition de ce qu'est une tâche ne correspond pas toujours à celle du CECR. Pour le public visé, étudiants ou professionnels, on propose le plus souvent des mono-tâches, mais également des projets, ou encore des simulations avec un enchaînement de plusieurs tâches. Elles s'inscrivent généralement dans la (future réalité sociale des apprenants, mais certaines laissent également la place à des thèmes artistiques ou (interculturels. Contrairement à ce que l'on aurait pu attendre dans une démarche qui responsabilise l'apprenant, le recours à Internet n'est pas toujours systématique.At a time when action- and task-based learning is sustained by the European Council, this paper explores which types of tasks are given to second language learners today and what aspects these tasks have in common. The paper analyses two recent issues of scientific journals and one collective book. The analysis shows that the majority of pedagogical scenarios described in these texts claim to adopt an action- and task-based approach. However, in reality the way they define a task does not always correspond to the definition given by the European Framework of Reference for Languages. The described tasks are exclusively dedicated to higher and professional education; they are mostly single tasks, but they can also be projects and simulations including several successive tasks. They generally correspond to the learners' (future reality, with themes that are

  1. Group differences in responses of Pseudois naynaur to human disturbance in Helan Mountain, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region%人为干扰下宁夏贺兰山岩羊反应的群体差异

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋天一; 丁由中; 王正寰; 何桂芳; 赵金萍; 马凤琴; 王小明

    2011-01-01

    野生动物对人类的非资源利用性的干扰具有不同的反应,这些反应的差异依赖于物种自身和外界生境中不同的因子.2009年7-8月和2009年12月-2010年1月在宁夏回族自治区贺兰山苏峪口国家森林公园,选定95.87 km2 的调查区域内设四条样线,总长度为18.3 km,通过观察岩羊的瞬时反应距离,比较了不同干扰源、群体大小和群类型下,岩羊无反应行为、警戒反应行为和逃跑反应行为距离的差异.结果表明:(1) 相对于车辆,岩羊对行人的干扰更加敏感(U=8.69,P<0.001); (2) 当群体大小分为≤3的小群和>3大群时,小群岩羊的警戒反应行为距离显著大于大群(Z=2.165,P=0.03),当群体大小分为≤5的小群和>5的大群时,小群岩羊的逃跑反应行为距离显著大于大群(Z=2.003,P=0.045); (3) 雌幼群、雄性群和混合群这3种不同的群类型之间的无反应行为距离无显著差异,雄性群的警戒行为距离显著大于雌性群和混合群的警戒行为距离(Z=2.746,P=0.006; Z=3.589,P<0.001),雌性群的逃跑反应行为距离显著大于混合群的逃跑反应距离(Z=2.376,P=0.017); (4) 混合群内的雌性和雄性的3种反应行为无显著差异.%Wild animals respond differently to nonconsumptive human activity and such variation depends on multiple factors. We explored the behaviors of Pseudois naynaur and recorded the distance of their responses in Suyu Kou National Forest Park, Helan Mountain, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region. We categorized their behavioural responses as no response, vigilance and flight and recorded the response initiation distance. We compared distances according to disturbance source, group size, group type and sex. Our results showed that Pseudois naynaur showed stronger responses to humans than vehicles. The distance at which the subject of the group was vigilant in small group (group size less than three) was significantly more than that of larger groups (group size more

  2. Analysis of the characteristics of hospitalized patients with systemic lupus erythematosus in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region%宁夏地区系统性红斑狼疮住院患者发病特点分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张芮君; 曾小峰; 王莉; 朱蓉; 竺红

    2014-01-01

    Objective To analyze the characteristics of hospitalized patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region,and to characterize the epidemiology of SLE.Methods The data of 184 patients admitted to Ningxia Medical College Hospital during January 2008 to December 2013 were retrospectively analyzed.The data analysis included the initial symptoms,system involvement and clinical situations.Chi-square test,t test,Mann-Whitney U test and Logistic analysis were used for statistical analysis.Results ① The ratio of male and female was 1∶9.8.The most common clinical symptoms was rash in 72 cases (39%),and followed by joint pain in 61 cases (33%),swelling in 28 cases (15%) and fatigue in 21 cases (11%).② Eighteen percent (33/184) patients were late-onset SLE patients.Compared with regular SLE patients,the interval was longer in late-onset SLE patients between clinical symptoms onset and the time when they saw the doctor.③ Blood and kidney were the most commonly affected organs.④ The highest diagnosis rate occurred in rheumatology department,the highest diagnosis rate occurred in the kidney department for patients with dropsy as starting symptom.Conclusion SLE primarily occurs in childbearing aged women.The reason of misdiagnosis of SLE is mainly due to the incorrect hospital selection for the first visit.Delayed diagnosis will lead to delay in the treatment.%目的 分析宁夏回族自治区SLE住院患者的发病及预后情况.方法 采用回顾性病例分析方法,选取2008年1月至2013年12月在宁夏医科大学总医院住院的SLE患者,收集其首发症状、系统累及和就诊情况,并采用t检验,Mann-Whitney U检验,x2检验和Logistic相关性分析进行统计学分析.结果 ①在184例住院患者中,男∶女为1∶9.8,首发临床表现以皮疹最为多见,占39%(72/184),其次为关节痛、浮肿、乏力,分别占33%(61/184)、15%(28/184)、11%(21/184).②晚发性SLE患者占18%(33

  3. [Gao Jingyi. Han yu yu bei Ou yu yan : Han yu yu Wula'er yu yan ji Yin Ou yu yan tong yuan tan jiu] / Ago Künnap

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Künnap, Ago, 1941-

    2010-01-01

    Arvustus: Gao Jingyi. Han yu yu bei Ou yu yan : Han yu yu Wula'er yu yan ji Yin Ou yu yan tong yuan tan jiu = Chinese language and languages of northern Europe. Beijing : Zhongguo she hui ke xue chu ban she, 2008

  4. [Gao Jingyi. Han yu yu bei Ou yu yan : Han yu yu Wula'er yu yan ji Yin Ou yu yan tong yuan tan jiu] / Ago Künnap

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Künnap, Ago, 1941-

    2010-01-01

    Arvustus: Gao Jingyi. Han yu yu bei Ou yu yan : Han yu yu Wula'er yu yan ji Yin Ou yu yan tong yuan tan jiu = Chinese language and languages of northern Europe. Beijing : Zhongguo she hui ke xue chu ban she, 2008

  5. 基于福建省惠安县气候特点的薄皮甜瓜高效栽培技术探讨%Discussion on Efficient Cultivation Techniques of Cucumis melo L. Based on Climate Characteristics in Hui'an County of Fu-jian Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪婉娥; 郑志阳; 陈小龙

    2016-01-01

    The main meteorological disasters which affected yield and quality of Cucumis melo L. were summarized , by analyzing the climate characteristics of Chongwu national benchmark weather stations in thirty years from 1981 to 2010 of Hui'an County of Fujian Province.Moreover, the efficient cultiva-tion techniques of Cucumis melo L. were putforward.%通过分析福建省惠安县崇武国家基准气候站1981—2010年30年的气候特点,总结了影响薄皮甜瓜产量和品质的主要气象灾害,并提出了较为合理的薄皮甜瓜高产优质高效栽培技术。

  6. 西北农村妇女三维空间中的生活状况对其健康的影响——一项人类学视野下的田野考察%Three-dimensioned Life of the Hui Women in Northwestern Rural Areas and the Influence on Their Health --An Anthropological Field Survey

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙金菊

    2012-01-01

    根据田野调查资料,笔者将西北农村回族妇女的主要生活空间划分为家庭层面、宗教层面和社区层面三个维度。每一空间里妇女的生活状况对妇女健康均有着重大影响。%Based on field survey data, the writer divides the living space of the northwestern rural areas into three dimensions: family, religion and community. Women' dimension produces immense influence on their health. This paper will analyze and discuss the the perspectives of feminist anthropology and medical anthropology. Hui women in s life in each influence from

  7. 宁夏回族人群脂联素水平及基因单核苷酸多态性与冠心病相关性研究%Correlation of Single Nucleotide Polymorphism of Adiponectin Gene with Coronary Artery Disease in Hui Ethnic Group in Ningxia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈佳; 陈芳; 刘志军; 杨锐英

    2012-01-01

    Objective To study Adiponectin ( APN ) plasma level and the correlation of its single nucleotide gene polymorphism ( SNP45T/G and SNP276G/T ) with coronary heart disease ( CHD ) in Hui ethnic group in Ningxia. Methods A total of 193 Hui patients were divided into two groups based on the coronary angiography and the clinical data: coronary heart disease ( CHD ) group ( n = 95 ) and normal control group ( n = 98 ). Enzyme - linked immunosorbent assay ( ELISA ) and polymer-ase chain reaction - restriction fragment length polymorphism ( PCR - RFLP ) were used to detect the plasma APN level and the gene polymorphism of its two sites. Results Compared with the normal control group, the plasma APN level in CHD group was reduced. The distribution frequencies of SNP +45 TG + GG genotype and G allele in CHD group were significantly higher, and the distribution Frequencies of SNP +276TG + TT genotype and T allele were also significantly higher ( P <0. 05 ). The plasma APN level of SNP +45TG + GG genotype was significantly lower than that of TT genotype and the plasma APN level of SNP + 276TG + TT genotype was significantly lower than that of GG genotype ( P <0. 05 ). Conclusion The plasma APN level is low in Hui CHD patients. The distribution frequencies of SNP +45TG + GG genotype and G allele in Hui CHD patients may increase and the distribution frequencies of SNP + 276TG + TT genotype and T allele may decrease.%目的 探讨宁夏回族人群血浆脂联素(APN)水平及其单核苷酸基因多态性(SNP45T/G和SNP276G/T)两个位点与冠心病(CHD)之间的关系.方法 将193例回族研究对象根据造影结果 和临床资料分为2组:CHD组95例和正常对照组98例;应用酶联免疫吸附法及聚合酶链反应-限制性片段长度多态性(PCR-RFLP)技术,检测回族正常对照组及CHD组血浆APN水平及APN2个位点基因多态性.结果 回族CHD组APN水平降低;回族CHD组SNP+45TG+GG基因型和G等位基因的分布频率明显高

  8. The Study of the Relationship between the Infant's Social Development and the Parenting Style of Uyghur and Hui Mothers%维吾尔族、回族母亲教养方式与幼儿社会性发展的相关研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑名; 何国宏

    2013-01-01

    文章采用分层整群抽样的方法,对维吾尔族、回族母亲教养方式与幼儿社会性发展进行了定量分析并得出了结论。受教育水平越高,母亲权威行为越多,专制行为越少。母亲权威行为越多,越有利于幼儿社会性发展。%Based on group sampling and quantitative analysis upon the relationship between infant 's social de-velopment and the parenting style of Uyghur and Hui mothers , the paper studies the positive correlation be-tween the mothers'education background , authoritative behaviors and their children's social development .

  9. 《穆斯林的葬礼》中朝觐亚叙述层的功能分析——兼谈当代回族流散写作%The Diasporic Writing of Contemporary Hui under the Pilgrim Narration --the reading about the hypodiegetic level in Funeral of the Muslims

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨秀明

    2011-01-01

    The story of pilgrim had been narrated in the beginning and the end of the novel Funeral of the Muslims. On the one hand, as hypodiegetic level in narration, it had special function to the main narration about the history of one Hui family in Beijing; on the other hand, in consideration of the irreplaceable meanings of pilgrim rite to the collective memory, the pilgrim story run through the whole texts had the external narration function in a symbolism aspect. With reading of the pilgrim story in Funeral of the Muslims in the view of globalization, the author wanted to look for the relationship between the diasporic writing from contemporary Hui and their pursuit of identities.%朝觐故事在长篇小说《穆斯林的葬礼》的开头和结尾分别通过吐罗耶定和韩子奇(易卜拉欣)的叙述得以显影,一方面作为《穆斯林的葬礼》的亚叙述层对北京回族家族史这一主体叙述有着特定的结构功能,另一方面考虑到朝觐仪式在穆斯林集体记忆中的突出意义,这种贯穿始终的叙事策略使朝觐故事具有某种外叙述层的象征意味。本文拟从叙述层次理论出发,解读全球化背景下《穆斯林的葬礼》中朝觐叙事与当代散居回族的流散写作和身份诉求的联系。

  10. 不同施肥处理对细叶楠容器苗耐寒性的综合评价%Integrated Evaluation on Cold Resistance of ContainerPhoebe hui Seedlings by Different Fertilization Treatments

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马俊伟; 柳新红; 李因刚; 何云核; 石从广; 杨少宗; 蒋冬月

    2016-01-01

    以同一种源的细叶楠(Phoebe hui)容器苗为试验材料,对其进行NPK4种不同配比施肥(N:P:K =1:1:1、2:1:1、1:2:1和1:1:2)和3种叶面施肥(0、0.3%硼酸钠和5 mmol/L水杨酸)12种处理,研究其对细叶楠容器苗高生长、耐寒性生理指标和田间耐寒力的影响。结果表明:NPK比例为1:1:1和1:2:1的各自3个处理间,叶面施肥的苗高显著低于不施肥;在所有12个处理中,NPK比例为1:1:1、2:1:1和1:2:1且叶面不施肥的3个处理的苗高与其他处理间的差异达显著性水平。超氧化物歧化酶(SOD)、过氧化物酶(POD)性和丙二醛(MDA)含量在不同施肥处理间表现出一定的差异,脯氨酸(Pro)、可溶性糖(SS)和可溶性蛋白(SP)含量在NPK 4种比例的各自3个处理间的差异均达到了显著性水平。NPK比例保持不变时,叶面不施肥处理的隶属度显著低于叶面施肥处理,但田间耐寒力指标的差异不显著。本研究表明,N:P:K =1:1:2且叶面喷施5 mmol/L水杨酸的处理为细叶楠容器苗最佳的施肥方式,其容器苗的田间耐寒力最优、苗高生长较高。%Experiments were conducted on container seedlingof Phoebe hui from the same provenance treated with four different ratio of N, P and K, and with two different foliage fertilizer to study influence of different treatment on height growth, cold resistance indicators and field cold hardiness of seedlings. The result showed that height growth of seedlings treated with N:P:K ratio of 1:1:1 and 1:2:1, and with foliar fertilizer was significantly lower than that without foliar fertilizer. Height growth of seedlings treated with N:P:K ratio of 1:1:1, 2:1:1 and 1:2:1, and without foliar fertilizer had significant difference with the other 9 treatments. SOD, POD activity and MDA content varied among fertilization treatments. There were significant differences among three

  11. 甲骨文“周”笺识--楚简“菐”声字研究之三%Annotations of “周” in Oracle Inscriptions --Study Series III of Phone“菐”in Chu Bamboo Slips

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞绍宏; 梁艳静; 于艳艳

    2015-01-01

    殷商卜辞中有“周”,周公庙遗址龟甲刻辞上有“繁”。“”旧释“璞”。“”、“”有读“翦”之说,或以为“周”之“周”为姬姓之周。考察金文以及楚简文献中相关字形,“”、“”当释“璞”,读为“薄”。“周”之“周”非为姬姓之周。%In oracle inscriptions of Yin-Shang Dynasty, there is “周” and “繁” on the tortoise shells once interpreted as “菐”. “”as“” as “翦” in Duke Zhou Temple. There is also opinion that “周” of “周” be the surname of姬 . After researching about the grapheme insome Chinese inscriptions on ancient bronze objects and Chu bamboo slips, this paper assumes“”、“” should be “菐” and read as “bo”, “周” of “周” therefore is not the surname of姬.

  12. Rites Combining with the Origin and Music Pre ferring the Chu---Research on Liu Bang’ s Thoughts about Music and Dance%礼不忘本乐好楚声--汉高祖刘邦乐舞思想研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    季伟

    2015-01-01

    史书关于汉高祖的乐舞史料记载并不多,只是从不同角度记述了高祖为君、为夫、为父的事迹,其中也反映出了高祖刘邦胸怀博大、继往开来,礼不忘本、乐好楚声,率性而起、即兴而歌,载歌载舞、人文关怀的乐舞思想特征。%There are less historical records about Liu Bang’ s thoughts about music and dance.Even though they are mainly about how he acts as the emperor, the husband, and the father, they can still reflect the traits of his thoughts about music and dance such as being open-minded and inheriting the past and directing the future, rites combining with the origin and music preferring the Chu, behaving following the nature and singing without preparation, singing and dancing and humanistic care.In a word, his thoughts about music and dance impose a great influence on the following generations.

  13. Analysis on the Misuse and Causes of “chu qi bu yi ”in Romance of the Three Kingdoms and Other Works%《三国演义》等作品中“出其不意”的误用及其成因

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡亚玲

    2015-01-01

    成语是长期以来形成的固定词组,在使用中都有其固定的用法,但近来考察语料发现《三国演义》等古代作品中成语“出其不意”却有少量与众不同的用法。这一特殊用法数量有限,且主要分布在通俗文学作品中。它的出现应与说、写者的“误用”有关,而不能将其看作是独立的义项。%The idioms are fixed phrases for a long time. It has fixed usage in using, but we find the idiom“chu qi bu yi ” which has a few different usage through the study of the corpus such as Romance of the Three Kingdoms and other ancient works recently. The quantity of special usage not only is limited, but also it distributes mainly in the popular literary works. Its appearance should be told the misuse of the writer, and it can not be regarded as independent sense.

  14. 历史地理空间视角下的“文化扶贫”研究--六盘山地区陕西回族后裔文化生活考察%Research on Cultural Poverty Alleviation under the Perspective of His-torical Geography Space---A Survey of the Cultural Life of Hui Descendents Originated from Shaanxi Province in Liu-panshan Area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马光华; 滑小莉; 党晓红; 刘艳

    2016-01-01

    六盘山地区生活着大量陕西回民后裔,受地理、历史空间以及经济结构、人口结构、教育结构等因素制约,其在自身文化形态、文化建设、文化消费等方面存在许多问题,主要表现为宗教文化、民族文化与公共文化缺乏协调发展,外在的改善“文化贫困”能力和内在的改善“贫困文化”动力不足。研究六盘山地区陕西回族后裔“文化致贫”原因和治贫策略,需要从地理历史空间视角探讨文化模式形成的诸多自然、社会因素,研究宗教文化、民族文化和公共文化协调发展问题,重点解决文化“扶志”和教育“扶智”两大关键问题,引导回族群众走出历史文化和地理空间的局限。%In china, a large number of Hui descendents originated from Shaanxi Province are now living in Liupanshan area. With constraints of geography, historical space, economical structure, population structure and educational structure, many problems still remain for those Hui descendents in terms of cultural pattern, cultural construction and cultural consumption, as evidenced by uncoordinated development of religious culture, national culture and public culture, weak external capacity of improving“culture poverty” and insufficient internal impetus improving“poverty culture”. To study the causes of culture-related poverty and the strategies for fighting poverty of Hui descendents in Liupanshan area, one needs to, from the perspective of geography historical space,explore the natural and social factors of the formation of cultural patterns, and to study the coordinated development of religious culture, national culture and public culture, mainly focusing on two key issues about building ambition with culture and improving intelligence with education, thus guiding local Hui people to break the limits of historic culture and geographic space.

  15. Epidemiological survey and analysis on infants passive smoking in Han,Hui and Kazakh ethnic group in North of Tianshan Mountains%天山北麓汉回哈族婴幼儿被动吸烟流行现况分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩林俐; 吴星燕; 陈江芸; 陶化青; 蒋佩; 杜爽; 李新辉

    2016-01-01

    Objective To investigate the current status of infants passive smoking in Han,Hui and Kazakh ethnic groups in North of Tianshan Mountains.Methods From November 2014 to August 2015,a method of stratified random cluster sample was used to investigate 568 infants’parents by a face-to-face questionnaire at Urumqi City,Shihezi City and Shawan County in north of Tianshan Mountains.Results The passive smoking rate of infants was 40.5% in totally,and 28.7% at home and 17.8% in public respectively.The passive smoking rate of Han ethnic group infants was 47.2%, 32.3% in Hui ethnic group and 29.6% in Kazakh ethnic group,respectively.Different ethnic groups showed significant differences (P <0.001).The passive smoking rate among infants aged under 1 year old was 34.9%,the percentage in in-fants aged 1 to 2 year old was 44.0%,and the percentage in infants aged 2 to 3 year old infants was 46.3%,respective-ly.The passive smoking rates increased with age,and the passive smoking rate in each age stage of Han ethnic group was higher than Hui and Kazakh ethnic groups,which showed significant differences (P <0.05).Conclusion Passive smok-ing was very common in infants,it is a huge challenge to control passive smoking,corresponding measures should be taken to create smoke-free environment for infants growing at home and in public places.%目的:调查天山北麓汉、回、哈萨克族婴幼儿被动吸烟的流行现况。方法2014年11月—2015年8月,采用分层随机整群抽样的方法,选取天山北麓乌鲁木齐市、石河子市和沙湾县568名婴幼儿的家长进行问卷调查。结果婴幼儿被动吸烟率为40.5%,其中在家中为28.7%,在公共场所为17.8%。汉族婴幼儿被动吸烟率为47.2%,回族为32.3%,哈萨克族为29.6%,差异有统计学意义(P <0.001)。婴儿被动吸烟率为34.9%,1~2岁幼儿为44.0%,2~3岁幼儿为46.3%,婴幼儿随年龄增长被动吸烟率随之增加,且各年龄

  16. Analysis of the mutations of phenylalanine hydroxylase gene in Hui ethnic group of Ningxia%宁夏地区回族苯丙酮尿症患儿苯丙氨酸羟化酶基因突变分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毛新梅; 何江; 刘媛; 马晓燕; 余伍忠

    2012-01-01

    Objective To understand the slruclure and characteristics of the mulalions of phenylalanine hydroxylase ( PAH) gene in Hui elhiec group of Ningxia. Methods All of the exons and promolers of PAH gene of 18 phenylkelonuria(PKU) cases in children of Hui were delermined by using the melhod of PCR direet sequencing. Results 24 mulalions were delecled in 36 PAH alleles. The deleclion rale of mulalions was 66. 67% (24/36). There were 14 kinds of mulalions,including 7 of missense mulalions,4 of nonsense mulalions,2 of deletion mulanls and 1 of splice site mulalions. The more common type of mulalions were R243Q, R241C, S16fsX10, R111X and L430P,and the olhers scallered in the event. Looked up foreign lileralures,professional websiles and databases,S16fsX10, Y414X and S3O3fsX38 are new kinds of PAH gene mulalions which have nol been reporled in ihe world,L430P and D222G have nol been reporled in our counlry. Conclusions According to the research, the mulalions of PAH gene in Hui group of Ningxia show their diversity,complexity and specificity,and had significant elhnic characteristics.%目的 了解宁夏地区回族苯丙酮尿症患儿苯丙氨酸羟化酶(PAH)基因的突变构成及特点.方法 采用PCR产物直接测序的方法,测定18例回族苯丙酮尿症患儿PAH基因全部外显子及其启动子区域序列.结果 在36个PAH等位基因中共检出24个突变等位基因,突变检出率为66.67%(24/36),包括14种突变类型,其中错义突变7种、无义突变4种、缺失突变2种、剪切位点突变1种.较为常见的突变类型有R243Q、R241C、S16fsX10、R111X、L430P,其余突变类型均为散在发生.查阅国外文献、专业网站及数据库发现S16fsX10、Y414X、S303fsX38是世界未见报道的新的PAH基因突变类型,L430P和D222G突变是国内未见报道的新突变.结论 研究结果显示宁夏地区回族苯丙酮尿症患儿PAH基因突变表现出多样性、复杂性和特殊性,具有显著的民族特色.

  17. Changes of Limb Bone Mass,Bone Density and Limb Length and Breadth With Age in Adult Hui People in Henan Province and Correlation Between Them%河南回族成人四肢骨量和骨密度与肢体长宽度的年龄变化及相关性调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐国昌; 张庆远; 徐飞; 王海鑫; 刘荣志; 刘永; 杨雷

    2016-01-01

    均有统计学意义(P <0.05)。河南回族成人男性四肢骨量与年龄呈中度负相关( P <0.05),与身高、体质量、BMI、骨密度 T 值、骨密度 Z 值、全腿长、股骨内外上髁间径呈中度正相关(P <0.05);河南回族成人女性四肢骨量与年龄呈中度负相关(P <0.05),与体质量、BMI、骨密度 T 值、骨密度 Z 值、肱骨内外上髁间径呈中度正相关(P <0.05)。线性回归方程为:男性四肢骨量=1.269+0.024全臂长+0.018×肱骨内外上髁间径,男性四肢骨量=1.462+0.015全腿长+0.013×股骨内外上髁间径;女性四肢骨量=1.032+0.022全臂长+0.019×肱骨内外上髁间径,女性四肢骨量=1.240+0.012全腿长+0.019×股骨内外上髁间径。结论河南回族成人不同性别、不同年龄段四肢骨量、骨密度、肢体长宽度存在差异。四肢骨量与年龄、身高、体质量、BMI、骨密度、全臂长、全腿长、肱骨内外髁间径、股骨内外髁间径相关。%Objective To investigate the changes of limb bone mass,bone density and limb length and breadth with age in adult Hui people in Henan province and the correlation between them. Methods From September 2013 to September 2014,we enrolled 1 144 adult Hui people by cluster sampling method from 4 Hui gathering areas( Yuandian Hui Village of Fangcheng County in Nanyang City,Chanhe Hui District in Luoyang City,Shunhe Hui District in Kaifeng City,Chengguan Hui Town of Huaiyang County in Zhoukou City). Among the subjects,300 were aged 20 - 0. 05),yet the height,body mass,limb bone mass,T value of bone density,Z value of bone density,full arm length full leg length, diameter between internal and external epicondyles of humerus and diameter between internal and external epicondyles of femur of female subjects were less than those of male subjects(P 0. 05),while there were significant differences in height,body mass,BMI,T value of bone density,Z value of bone density,full leg

  18. Translating Chinese Poetry into English Poetry and Adaptive Employment of English Poetic Forms--Taking ZHUO Zhen-yin’s English Version of The Verse of Chu as the Example%以诗译诗与借形传神--以卓振英《大中华文库·楚辞》英译为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严晓江

    2014-01-01

    以诗译诗与借形传神是卓振英《楚辞》英译文的特色。译者进行总体审度和合理调适,借用传统英语诗歌的四行诗体、双行偶韵诗体、三行诗体、五行诗体、十行诗体以及半格律半自由诗体等形式,努力再现《楚辞》的意境美,在很大程度上体现了以译入语文化为导向的翻译理念,这在深层次上是因为这种形式借鉴对英语世界读者更具亲和力,它是沟通译入语文化与源语文化的纽带。%The obvious features of ZHUO Zhen-yin’s English Version of The Verse of Chu lies the following aspects: “translating Chinese poetry into English poetry” and “adaptive employment of English poetic forms”. Through overall consideration and reasonable adjustment, the translator tries his best to reflect the beauty of artistic conception of the original text by using different forms of traditional English poetry, including quatrain, couplet, triplet, quintet, ten-line-stanza, and so on, which shows target language culture oriented conception. Such affinity form is a link between target language culture and source language culture.

  19. The Profound Connotation of Ode to Fairy Disenchantment and Cao Xueqin's Complex of the Chu Style Poems%《警幻仙姑赋》的深层意蕴及曹雪芹的“师楚”情结

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冷卫国; 许洪波

    2012-01-01

    关于《红楼梦》中《警幻仙姑赋》的争议历来颇多。它与曹植的《洛神赋》在文字表达等方面有太多相似之处。从挖掘《洛神赋》背后的深意入手,可最终得出这样的结论:对残酷现实的情感宣泄以及人生理想的幻灭是曹雪芹效仿《洛神赋》的根本目的,更是创作《警幻仙姑赋》的深层动机;同时《警幻仙姑赋》在体裁选择及写作手法上所体现出的"师楚"情结,也使《警幻仙姑赋》的悲剧意味得以进一步延伸和升华。%People's views differ in understanding Ode to Fairy Disenchantment in A Dream of Red Mansions.It is similar to Ode to Goddess Luoyang in expression.A study of Ode to Goddess Luoyang shows that release of his emotions about the cruel reality and the illusion of his ideals are the reasons for his imitation of Ode to Goddess Luoyang and the motive of his Ode to Fairy Disenchantment.Furthermore,Cao's choice of genre and writing techniques shows his love of the Chu Style poems,thus contributing to the tragic atmosphere of his own poem.

  20. Status Survey and Analysis on the Information Services of Mobile Libraries in the West Ethnic Regions in China——Taking Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region as an Example%西部民族地区移动图书馆信息服务现状调查及分析——以宁夏回族自治区为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张玉梅

    2015-01-01

    Adopting the form of questionnaire survey and taking Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region as an example, this paper carries out a comparative analysis on the current status of the information services of mobile libraries in the west ethnic regions in China from three aspects of the type of terminal, the type of information service and the influence of information service, and in the light of the limitations to the further development of information service of the mobile libraries in the west ethnic regions in China, puts forward some corresponding countermeasures.%采取问卷调研的形式,以宁夏回族自治区为例,从终端类型、信息服务类型、信息服务的影响3个方面,比较分析了西部民族地区移动图书馆信息服务的现状,并针对西部民族地区移动图书馆信息服务进一步发展的局限性,提出相应的对策.

  1. Research on the gene polymorphism of estrogen receptor of Hui and Salar patients with gastric cancer in Qinghai area%青海地区回族、撒拉族胃癌患者雌激素受体基因多态性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王成; 赵延芳; 王虎; 谢艳超

    2016-01-01

    Objective This article aims to study the distribution situation of ERα _ Pvu Ⅱ and Xba Ⅰ, ERβ_RsaⅠand AluⅠsingle nucleotide polymorphism(SNPs);and the relationship between the SNPs of ERα gene and ERβ gene in the patients with gastric carcinoma among Hui and Salar people in Qinghai area.Methods 80 cases of Hui patients and 80 cases of Salar patients with gastric adenocarcinoma as case group and 80 cases of health group with matched age,gender and nationality were collected from QinghaiUniversityAffiliatedHospital.2~3 mL ve-nous blood in fast state was collected from each patient to extract DNA.PCR_RFLP method was applied to identify PvuⅡ and XbaⅠ of ERα gene,RsaⅠand AluⅠSNPs of ERβ.Statistics method was adopted to analyze the rela-tions between PvuⅡ and XbaⅠof ERα gene,RsaⅠ and AluⅠ SNPs of ERβ gene with the risk of having gastric cancer.Results In terms of in Hui gastric cancer group and control group,significant difference exists in ERα_XbaⅠgene XX,Xx and xx distribution;in terms of Salar gastric cancer group and control group,significant difference exists in ERα_XbaⅠ gene XX,Xx and xx distribution;in terms of gastric cancer group and control group of Hui people and Salar people,no significant difference was found in ERα_PvuⅡ,ERβ_RsaⅠ,and Erβ_AluⅠ gene distribution.Among the research subjects,no significant difference was found between the gene distribution of gastric cancer group and Salar ERα_XbaⅠ,ERα_PvuⅡ,ERβ_RsaⅠ,and Erβ_AluⅠ.Conclusions Correlation exists in the ERα_XbaⅠpolymorphism and the susceptibility of gastric cancer in Qinghai area;the ERα_XbaⅠgene distri-bution may has increased risk of gastric cancer,but no significant difference was found on the gene distribution of people with gastric cancer among different nationalities.The ERα_PvuⅡ,ERβ_AluⅠ,and RsaⅠpolymorphism were not correlated to the susceptibility of gastric cancer in Qinghai area.%目的:通过研究青海

  2. 《外台秘要方》与《太平圣惠方》中伤寒理论文献的比较%Comparative study of theoretical literature on cold pathogenic disease in Wai tai mi yao fang (Arcane Essentials from the Imperial Library) and Tai ping sheng hui fang (Taiping Holy Prescriptions for Universal Relief)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张慧蕊; 梁永宣

    2014-01-01

    In the Wai tai mi yao fang (Arcane Essentials from the Imperial Library) compiled in 752,its portion on cold pathogenic disorders embodies the achievements before the mid Tang Dynasty,whereas that in the Tai ping sheng hui fang (Taipng Holy Prescriptions for Universal Relief),compiled in 992 embodies those before the early Song Dynasty.Comparison on the theory of cold disorders in both books reveal that,during the 2 centuries period from mid Tang to early Song Dynasties,the texts as a carrier for the transmission of such theory in both show no distinct changes,but only with minor revisions and improvements.%唐天宝十年(752)成书的《外台秘要方》中的伤寒部分,汇总了中唐及其以前的伤寒成果,而宋淳化三年(992)成书的《太平圣惠方》中的伤寒内容,则汇集了宋初及以前诸家伤寒之大成.对2书中伤寒理论部分进行比较,可以发现从中唐至宋初200年间,以“文本”为载体的伤寒理论基本没有大的变化,仅有少量的修正和完善.

  3. 多元并存和谐相容--泉州丁氏回族宗教信仰现状调查研究%Multicultural Coexistence and Harmony---A Religious Belief Status Survey about Ding Family of Hui Ethnic Minority in Quanzhou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁玲玲; 林煜堃

    2014-01-01

    Chen Dai is one of the main areas in Fujian Quanzhou where Ding family of Hui ethnic minority has lived, with the population of more than 20000. With the development of society and the changes of the times, the people's religious belief there has changed. A single Islamic religion evolved into multi-religious coexistence, showing local characteristics of the pluralistic coexistence, harmonious religious belief pattern. Based on the field investigation, combined with the literature, the paper discussed the religious evolution there.%陈埭是福建泉州回族的主要聚居区之一,有丁氏回族2万多人。随着时代的变迁与社会的发展,陈埭丁氏回族社区的宗教信仰也发生了变化。由单一的伊斯兰教信仰演变为多种宗教信仰并存,呈现出一个带有地域特色的多元共存、和谐相容的宗教信仰格局。本文拟根据笔者的田野调查,结合文献资料,对泉州陈埭丁氏回族的宗教信仰演化进行探讨。

  4. Language Development and Social Identity Construction of Hui Nationality:An Exploration from the Perspective of Social Semiotics%回族语言变迁与身份建构:基于社会符号学的探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨晓琳

    2015-01-01

    From the perspective of social semiotics, the mutual influence between language symbol system and social system is insepara-ble.In the present research, through a review of the variation of language and writing system used by the Hui Muslims and the corresponding change of social system, the effect on the selection and development of language, and the use of language to construct social reality-mainly the construction of social identity-is analyzed.Development of the language system and the development of the social system is a two-way process and they promote each other.Language develops its function and structure according to the social needs.And meanwhile it also re-flects the social needs.%回族语言变迁的历程表明,社会系统对回族的语言选择及发展具有重要影响,表现在回族的移民分布状况、日常交流需求、政治干预和意识形态等方面。回族语言的选择对于其社会身份具有建构作用,它主要通过语言趋同、语言趋异和语言保持等策略建构其身份。

  5. 回族对伊斯兰文化传承的途径研究--以宁夏同心县的实证调查为例%On Channels of Islamic Culture Inheritance of Hui Nationality---Case Study of Tongxin County of Ningxia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨志平

    2016-01-01

    伊斯兰文化自唐宋元三朝传入中国,使中国文化或主动或被动地出现涵化,呈现多样性。一千多年来,回族在接受中华文化的同时,通过濡化、“哲麻体”、“以儒诠经”、经堂教育、“尔麦里”、新式教育、大众媒介等方式和途径传承了伊斯兰文化,使中国的伊斯兰文化呈现出不同于阿拉伯的伊斯兰文化,显现出二元文化特征。%With the entry of Islamic culture into China in Tang,Song and Yuan dynasties,Chinese cul-ture began to show some active or passive acculturation and diversities.In the past 1000 years,while accepting Chinese culture,Hui nationality carries on Islamic culture through enculturation,Zhemati, Confucian interpretation of Islam,Mosque education,amal,new mode of education,mass media,etc. Through all of these,Chinese Islamic culture becomes quite different from Arabic Islamic culture,and displays cultural duality.

  6. 《九章算术》及其刘徽注中几个算法的循环结构分析%On the Circulation Structures in the Nine Chapters on Mathematical Arts and Its Comments by Liu Hui

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    斯日古冷; 郭世荣

    2012-01-01

    循环结构在计算机程序设计和算法分析中占有重要地位,是中国传统数学机械化思想和算法化特征的具体表现之一.分析了《九章算术》及其刘徽注中设计使用的4个算法的循环结构,它们分别出现在《九章算术》的约分术、开方术及刘徽注之割圆术和阳马术中.%The circulation structure which is one of the most important structures in programming and algorithm analyses of the computer science has been used in traditional Chinese mathematics for long time. In the present paper. four circulation structures appeared in the Nine Chapters on Mathematical Arts and its Comments by Liu Hui in the third century are analyzed. They are designed for the reduction of a fraction, for the extraction of square and cubic roots,and for the demonstrations of cyclotomic method and of the volume of solids. The applications of circulation structures are concrete cases of the mechanization thought and algorithmization characteristic of traditional Chinese mathematics. A deep study of the structure is helpful for comprehensive understanding the history of both traditional Chinese mathematics and computer science.

  7. The Development Research of Small Family Business of Hui Nationality:Taking Nagu town's Yilan Rice Noodle Factory of Yunnan Province as an Example%小型回族家族企业发展研究--以云南纳古镇伊兰米线厂为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘耀辉; 徐磊; 李德庆; 尚朝秋

    2014-01-01

    回族以伊斯兰教为宗教信仰,其具有丰富的经商本领和管理经验。文章基于纳古镇进行的田野调查,首先通过实地调研和查阅文献总结了纳古镇企业发展现状和“伊兰米线厂”的发展现状,并通过参与观察得到米线的制作过程以及商品流通,最后通过迈克尔·波特的“五力模型”分析了米线产业的竞争力,并提出米线产业发展的建议。%The hui nationality regard Islamism as their religious belief, which has a rich doing business capacity and management experience. Based on the field work of nagu town, the paper first studies the development status of company in nagu town by using interview and literature review, second gets the process of making rice noodles and commodity circulation through participation and observation. In the end, it analyses the competitiveness of rice noodles industry by Michael porter's Five-force Model, and the suggestion on development of rice noodles industry are given.

  8. 血管内皮生长因子受体1基因单核苷酸多态性及吸烟与宁夏地区汉族、回族年龄相关性黄斑变性的相关性%Associations of single nucleotide polymorphisms of VEGFRI and smoking with age-related macular degeneration in Hui and Han populations from Ningxia region in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    向伟; 迟昊; 薛中淇; 张雯; 盛迅伦; 庄文娟

    2016-01-01

    Background Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a heritable,progressive degenerative disorder that triggers central visual impairment.Research demonstrated that the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of vascular endothelial growth factor 1 (VEGFR1) gene is associated with AMD in different population.However,the results varied among diversified ethnic origin composition and distinct regions.Objective This study was to investigate the associations between the SNPs of VEGFR1 genetic variants along with smoking exposure and the risk of AMD in Hui and Han ethnics in the Ningxia population in China.Methods A case-control study was conducted.Four hundreds and thirty-two AMD patients including 325 Han ethnic patients and 107 Hui ethnic patients were recruited from March 2011 to June 2015,and 906 ethnicity-and gender-matched age-related cataract patients were contemporaneously recruited as control group,including 698 Han ethnic patients and 208 Hui ethnic patients.Periphery blood sample of 5 ml was collected from the subjects and genomic DNA was prepared.Eight tagging SNPs loci were acquired to cover rs2281827,rs3936415,rs7337610,rs7981680,rs9554320,rs9554322,rs9582036 and rs9943922,and the genotypes of SNPs were detected by using MassARRAYTM time-of-flight mass spectrometry system.Chi-square test and multi-factor Logistic regression analysis were utilized to estimate the discrepancy of allele frequency and genotype distribution in Hui and Han AMD patients.Moreover,the correlation of AMD with smoking and age statue were further analyzed.This study protocol complied with Helsinki Declaration and was approved by Ethic Committee of Ningxia Eye Hospital.Written informed consent was obtained before any relevant medical examination.Results There were significant differences in the age between AMD group and control group in both Han and Hui ethnicity (Han:P =0.000;Hui:P =0.009).The smoking exposure was significantly different between AMD group and control group in Han

  9. An Investigation of and Reflection on the Reality of Education Poverty to Females in the Rural Area --Taking the Rural Hui Females in Ningxia as an Example%农村教育贫困女性化现状的调查与思考——以宁夏农村回族女性为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江晓红

    2011-01-01

    贫困,不能仅仅限定于由自然环境的恶劣和经济生活的窘因所致,还应包括教育落后导致的教育贫困。事实上,教育贫困是与人类的生存命运相始终的。而人类的使命和社会责任,恰恰就在于不断地解决教育矛盾和改善教育环境。本文以宁夏农村回族女性教育贫困研究为主要内容,通过田野调查,到农户家中和田间地头与其进行面对面的拉家常,从中揭示了农村女性教育极其贫困的根源。%Poverty cannot be attributed only to severe environment and poor economic position; it should also be attributed to underdeveloped education which leads to education poverty. In fact, education poverty affects people's life all the time, and it is the mission and responsibility of human beings.to solve the contradiction in ed- ucation and improve the environment for it all the time. According to the field investigation and face-to-face chat at the farmers~houses and in the fields, this paper, with a focus on education poverty to the rural Hui females in Ningxia, discloses the causative factors for education poverty to the above-mentioned group in the rural area.

  10. From the Theory of Intergroup Contact, Pattern of Pluralistic Unity of the Chinese Nation to Symbiosis and Mutual Complement --An Analysis of Text "Lian Li Hui" Festival, Sangzhi, Hunan%从族际接触、多元一体到共生互补——对湖南桑植白族“连理会”文本的解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丽剑

    2012-01-01

    The theory of intergroup contact and pattern of pluralistic unity of the Chinese nation are two important theories in research of relationship between nationalities. Base on the analysis of text "Lian Li Hui" festival spread in Sangzhi, Hunan. The paper points out that there are distinct differences between areas inhabited by many ethnic groups and habited by one ethnic group, there are obvious distinguish on the research of them. Under the pattern of pluralistic unity, symbiosis and mutual complement would be the best ways to solve modem relationship and problems exist in areas inhabited by many ethnic groups by practical attitude.%族际接触理论和多元一体格局下的“文化自觉”理论是研究民族关系的两种重要指导理论。通过对湖南桑植白族“连理会”文本的文化解读,指出散杂居与聚居有明显区别。对散杂居民族关系的研究应与对聚居民族的研究有所不同,应在中华民族多元一体格局下,倡导共生互补的理念,以务实的态度认识和处理当前我国散杂居地区的民族关系和民族问题。

  11. 社区营造视角下古村落保护更新的探讨--以广西草坪回族乡潜经村为例%Update on the Ancient Village Protection from the Perspective of the Community Building--Taking the Guangxi Caoping Xiangqian Village of Hui Nationality as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦琦; 谷海洪

    2013-01-01

    Throughout the past the protection of ancient vil-ages in China, mostly protection development is the force type of“From top to bot om”. In the protection process because the vil agers participation deficiencies brought many negative effe-cts, not mention to the substantive protection of ancient vil age. Taking the Guangxi Caoping Xiangqian vil age of Hui nationa-lity as an example, referring to Taiwan's community building ideas and successful experiences, this paper puts forward a co-nception of organic update on the protection and development of ancient vil ages, waking the vil age identity, realizing the s-ustainable regeneration of the ancient vil age.%纵观我国以往古村落的保护历程,大多为“自上而下”式的强迫式保护开发。在保护过程中因为村民参与度缺失带来许多负面影响,更无从谈起对古村落进行实质性保护。本文以广西桂林市草坪回族乡潜经村为例,借鉴台湾的社区营造思想与成功经验,对古村落的开发保护提出了有机更新的营造构想,唤醒村落认同感,实现古村落的可持续再生。

  12. An investigation of the prevalence of refractive error in 50 years or older adults in rural populations in the Tongxin county of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region%宁夏回族自治区同心县50岁及以上农村人群屈光不正患病率调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘俊秀; 扈晓雯; 庄文娟; 顾青; 潘波; 李慧平; 李佳玙; 白蓉; 李武靓

    2016-01-01

    Objective By investigating the prevalence of refractive errors in older adults in rural populations in Tongxin county,Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region,it was feasible to get more actual data on the prevalence of blindness and low vision before and after refractive correction.Methods A population-based cross-sectional study was carried out.A questionnaire was designed for people aged 50 or older in Tongxin county,Ningxia,to obtain a general medical history,dietary habits,previous ocular history and treatment.Measurements were taken,including visual acuity,intraocular pressure,refraction,slit-lamp microscopy and non-mydriatic digital fundus photography in order to analyze the distribution of people with refractive errors associated with gender,age,education level and different ethnic groups,as well as etiological factors causing prevalence and noncorrectable vision with different refractive conditions.Visual impairment standards that included best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and presenting visual acuity (PVA) were used to analyze the prevalence of blindness and low vision before and after refractive correction.A Chi-square test was used for comparing the rate among groups.Results There were 5 493 people aged 50 or older in the rural population in Tongxin county,among which 5 046 people completed the examination,sponse rate were 91.86%,and 2 116 of them were diagnosed with ametropia,a prevalence rate of 41.93%.Based on PVA and BCVA,the prevalence of blindness was 5.35% and 2.02%,respectively,and the difference was statistically significant (x2=78.78,P<0.01).Similarly,based on PVA and BCVA standards,the prevalence of low vision was 15.28% and 5.77%,respectively,which was statistically significant (x2=244.54,P<0.01).The prevalence of ametropia in different educational levels:under primary school,primary school,middle school,senior high school and above was 45.94%,36.42%,25.38%,and 33.79%,the differences were significant (x2=97.89,P<0.01).The

  13. Characteristics of the distribution of SNPs of the CYP11A1 gene in the Hui and Han ethnic groups in Ningxia%CYP11A1基因单核苷酸多态性在宁夏回、汉族人群中的分布特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    耿芝; 盛优静; 余冰; 于佳; 宋晓霞; 陆宏; 霍正浩

    2016-01-01

    目的 了解宁夏人群中CYP11A1基因rs16968477、rs1843090、rs4077582、rs9806234和rs12438594位点遗传多态的分布情况,并分析该位点在不同种族间的分布差异.方法 研究对象为宁夏医科大学体检健康学生559例,其中回族273例,汉族286例.单核苷酸多态性采用TaqMan Gene Typing技术检测.结果 宁夏回、汉族人群CYP11A1基因多态位点等位基因频率分别为rs16968477(C/T:64.47%/35.53%;68.53%/31.47%);rs1843090(A/G:46.15%/53.85%;43.53%/56.47%);rs4077582(C/T:56.78%/43.22%;55.24%/44.76%);rs9806234(A/G:32.78%/67.22%;38.99%/61.01%);rs12438594(A/G:47.44%/52.56%;42.48%/57.52%).宁夏人群各多态性基因型总体分布与HAPMAP结果比较,rs16968477、rs9806234位点与欧洲人群和非洲人群不同(P=0.017、0.001、0.000、0.000);rs1843090位点与欧洲人群、日本人群和非洲人群不同(P=0.000、0.011、0.000);rs4077582、rs12438594位点与欧洲人群不同(P=0.000、0.000).结论 CYP11A1基因5个单核苷酸多态性在宁夏回、汉族之间差异无统计学意义;5位点的基因型总体分布在种族和地区间差异具有统计学意义.%Objective To investigate the distribution characteristics of five single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) loci (rs16968477,rs1843090,rs4077582,rs9806234 and rs12438594) in CYP11A1 gene in Ningxia population and to analyze the distribution of the SNPs among different ethnic groups.Methods All 559 subjects were students from Ningxia Medical University,including 273 cases of Hui and 286 cases of Han.The genotypes were examined by using Taqman Gene Typing method.Results The allele frequencies of the SNPs in Hui and Han ethnic groups were rs16968477 (C/T:64.47%/35.53%;68.53%/31.47%),rs1843090 (A/G:46.15%/53.85%;43.53%/ 56.47%),rs4077582 (C/T:56.78%/43.22%;55.24%/44.76%),rs9806234 (A/G:32.78%/67.22%;38.99%/61.01%) and rs12438594 (A/G:47.44%/52.56%;42.4%/57.52%).Compared with

  14. [Fatal methadone poisoning: observations at the CHU of Liege].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Denooz, R; Charlier, C

    2006-01-01

    All methadone-associated deaths from October 2002 to April 2005 are analysed. A regular increase in these fatal intoxications has been recorded, in Belgium as in other countries, due, in particular, to an intensified prescription of this product, of which illicit use as street dope becomes problematic. Over the 30 months period covered by the study, 26 deaths related to methadone were listed, of which 3 occurred in accidental circumstances. In the other 23 cases, methadone can be found, yet always associated with psychotropic substances, mainly benzodiazepines (18 cases), narcotics (15 cases) and finally alcohol (5 cases). Based upon the nature of the products combined with methadone, records have been divided in two groups: In the first group (17 observations), xenobiotics at (infra)therapeutic levels are detected. In the other group (6 observations), xenobiotics at high and toxic levels are detected. Blood methadone concentrations are not so different between the 2 groups of individuals since the median values and the extreme values are worth respectively 308, and 110-11300 microg/L, for the first group and 776 and 93-2080 microg/L for the second group. There is thus an important overlap between the therapeutic blood methadone concentrations (150-400 microg/L) and blood concentrations observed in fatalities.Thus, it is necessary that all information and post-mortem results must be examined in a critical way to identify and justify cause of the death.

  15. A brief explanation of the Chu bamboo slips Hengxian

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zheng Wangeng

    2006-01-01

    The discovery of Hengxian and the formation of the category of hengxian are an important recapitulation and creative integration of the theory of the ontological Dao(Tao)in the Pre-Qin period.The cosmology of"self-creating and self-functioning"in Hengxian and the theory of"self-creating and self-evolving"in Liezi and Zhuangzi can be mutually interpreted.It indicates that the theory of transformation of qi entered a quite mature state in the Warring States Period.

  16. R176X mutant homozygote in phenylketonuria firstly detected in Hui nationality in China: One case report%中国回族首次检出苯丙酮尿症R176X突变型纯合子:1例报告

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余伍忠; 仇东辉; 宋昉; 刘丽; 金煜炜; 余良宽; 石小湘

    2007-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Phenylketonuria is caused by gene mutation of phenylalanine hydroxylasel (PAH), which is mainly induced by permutation, short segments and insertion of base.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the gene mutation of phenylalanine hydroxylasel in phenylketonuria in Hui nationality.DESIGN: Open study.SETTING: Urumqi General Hospital of Lanzhou Military Area Command of Chinese PLA; Capital Pediatrics Institute.PARTICIPANTS: A boy of Hui nationality in China and aged 3.1 years was selected in this study. The boy had intellect hysteresis in his one year and received medical treatment in his three years, while he was diagnosed as cerebral paralysis. After repeatedly inefficient treatment, he was hospitalized in our hospital on December 13, 2004. Iron sesquichloride in urine was strongly positive and concentration of serum phenylalanine was 1 680 μmol/L; therefore, he was diagnosed as the typical phenylketonuria.METHODS: 5 mL venous blood was selected from the boy and his parents, respectively, and anticoagulated with EDTA-Na2. DNA in gene group was extracted by using typical phenol/chloroform method. In addition, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) primer sequence of extron 7, 6, 11, 3, 12 and 5 of PAH gene was designed based on references. And then, PCR products were detected with 2% agarose gel electrophoresis. 5 μL PCR products were mixed with the same volume of degenerated buffer solution, degenerated at 97 ℃ for 5 minutes, put in iced bath and performed with 80 g/Lnon-degenerated polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. After that, the products were dealt with sliver staining routinely, and single strand DNA banding patterns were analyzed and recorded. ABI377 automatic sequenator (PE Company) was used to detect PCR sequence and purify PCR product in Shanghai Boya Biotechnology Company.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Iron sesquichloride in urine, concentration of serum phenylalanine and mutant gene types of phenylalanine hydroxylase.RESULTS: Extron 7, 6, 11, 3, 12 and 5 of PAH gene

  17. Interpretation of the Chapter Fu Hui in Liu Xie’ s Wen Xin Diao Long from the Perspective of Journal Editing%从学报编辑视角解读刘勰《文心雕龙·附会》篇

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘小平; 治丹丹

    2014-01-01

    刘勰《文心雕龙·附会》篇是文章谋篇命意,布局结构的专论。该篇对文章结构设计的原则、目的、方法、标准等问题进行了深入的讨论。刘勰认为,“附辞会义,务总纲领”是结构设计应遵循的原则;“驱万涂于同归,贞百虑于一致”是结构设计应达到目的;“群言虽多,无棼丝之乱”,“众理虽繁,无倒置之乖”是结构设计应采用的方法;“首尾周密,表里一体”则是结构设计美的标准。从学报编辑视角解读,这些观点并不过时,其对现代学术论文结构设计及编辑对论文结构的审视都有重要理论借鉴和深远启迪作用。%The chapter Fu Hui ( Relevance and Integration ) in Liu Xie’ s Wen Xin Diao Long ( Carving a Dragon at the Core of Literature ) is mainly on designing the structure and ideas for an essay .Profoundly ,the chapter discusses the matter of essay structure design in the following aspects:principle,purpose,method and standard.In this chap-ter,Liu Xie argues that the principle of essay structure design is to “have words relevant and meanings integrated , make the outline ordered and categories proportioned”;the purpose is to “instruct every thought to the same desti-nation,direct each idea to the central notion”;the method is“Tangled trouble not seen ,in spite of verbal variation;inversion mess not been ,in spite of numerous notion” and,the aesthetic standard is “utter coherence from beginning to end,total consistency of notion and form”.Interpreting from the perspective of journal editing ,those views above , however,are not outmoded.On the contrary,they are both theoretical reference and far-reaching enlightenment for designing the structure of a modern academic paper ,as well as for the editor ’ s surveying a paper ’ s structure .

  18. 黄河流域宁蒙地区二期水权转让模式研究%Research on Pattern of Water Rights Transfer in the Second Stage in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region and Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region of Yellow River Basin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯峰; 荣晓明; 殷会娟; 何宏谋

    2014-01-01

    Aiming at the issue of single pattern,limited water quantity of water rights transfer in the Yellow River basin,the paper proposed four new patterns in the second stage based on the status analysis of the first stage water rights transfer in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region and the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region,and the four patterns were as following,modern agriculture water-saving of water rights transfer,trans-regional water rights transfer,national investment in water conservation projects of water right transfer and pumping irrigation area in the Yellow River basin of water right transfer. Through the feasibility analysis for four water right transfer patterns,the author considers that the two patterns of modern ag-riculture water-saving and trans-regional have higher feasibility,the pattern of national investment in water conservation projects suits to repay the regional water consumption,and the pattern of pumping irrigation area in the Yellow River basin needs further study.%针对黄河流域水权转让模式单一、转让水量有限的问题,在对宁蒙地区一期水权转让现状分析的基础上,提出了二期水权转让4种新的模式:现代农业节水水权转让、跨地市水权转让、国家投资节水项目水权转让和扬黄灌区水权转让。通过对4种水权转让模式的可行性分析,认为现代农业节水水权转让和跨地市水权转让的可行性较高,国家投资节水项目水权转让适宜于偿还区域超用水量,扬黄灌区的水权转让建议进一步讨论后再实施。

  19. 狱侦耳目的证据法问题分析及制度完善--从张辉、张高平冤案视角的反思%Problem Analysis on Evidence Law and System Improvement of Prison Informers-Reflections on Unjust Cases of Zhang Hui and Zhang Gaoping

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    武晓艺

    2016-01-01

    Unjust cases of Zhang Hui and Zhang Gaoping reflect many universally existing problems in the operation of Chinese criminal justice .And the abuse of the system of prison informers is one of the most important causes of such unjust cases .From a legal perspective , the identity of prison informers is of legality and the witness testimony is of credibility , but the abuse of this system leads to the occurrence of unjust cases .Therefore, it is necessary to improve the system of prison informers by confirming the administrative department , strengthening re-ward and punishment mechanism , reinforcing multiple supervision and restriction as well as intensifying court re-view, which will be of great benefit to accelerating the legalization and normalization of investigation procedure , truly restoring case reality , further preventing and eliminating wrongful convictions , as well as promoting judicial fairness and justice .%浙江张辉、张高平冤案反映出我国刑事司法运行中很多普遍性问题。狱侦耳目制度的滥用是酿成此类冤案最重要的原因之一。从法制视角解读狱侦耳目,其身份具有合法性,证人证言具备证据能力,只因制度滥用才导致冤案发生。应当从明确管理部门、强化奖惩机制、加强多方监督制约、严格法庭审查等方面完善狱侦耳目制度。这将对加快侦查程序的法制化、规范化进程、真正还原案件事实、进一步预防和消除冤假错案、促进司法公平正义有所裨益。

  20. Het heilige huis : De gotieke vertelling in de Nederlandse literatuur

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Buikema, Rosemarie; Wesseling, Lies

    2006-01-01

    Terwijl de gothic novel floreerde in de Engelse, Amerikaanse, Duitse en Franse literatuur, lijkt de Nederlandse literatuur zich tot diep in de twintigste eeuw te hebben onthouden van dit omstreden genre. Weliswaar verschenen er de nodige vertalingen, maar producten van eigen bodem lijken nagenoeg no

  1. Vreugde en verdriet in die huis van Jakob

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    p1243322

    b' Die geboorte van Lea se seuns uit haar slavin, Silpa (30:9-16) a' Die geboorte van Lea se .... Nif'al om jouself te bind aan (KBL:475). Lea is oortuig dat haar ..... waar Lea met nadruk vir Jakob gesê het: Ek het jou gehuur (i*yT!r+k ^c = rk)c *).

  2. Terrorisme maritime et piraterie d’aujourd’hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hugues Eudeline

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Hors temps de conflits armés, les actes de violence dans le domaine maritime sont essentiellement de deux sortes : la piraterie, pratiquée à des fins privées, et le terrorisme qui poursuit des objectifs politiques. Répondant à des logiques différentes, ces deux formes de violence constituent, indépendamment, des menaces pour les 50 000 navires marchands qui transportent plus de 90% du commerce mondial. Leur éventuelle collusion, si elle était de grande ampleur, pourrait avoir un effet multiplicateur entraînant des conséquences très importantes sur une économie mondiale fragilisée.L’environnement physique qu’elles partagent est propice aux activités illégales. La mer couvre 71% de la surface du globe et constitue un espace pour l’essentiel libre de toute emprise étatique et impossible à contrôler. Les nombreuses actions des pirates autour de l’Afrique malgré les réactions internationales le montrent à l’envi. En parallèle, la mouvance terrorisme islamiste développe une stratégie d’attaque de l’économie mondiale dont les flux maritimes constituent un des principaux piliers.Les liens des deux activités avec la criminalité les rapprochent également. Le terrorisme les entretient pour des raisons logistiques et financières, alors que la piraterie, avec les différents trafics, en est une composante maritime majeure.Cette proximité et une complémentarité des compétences nécessaires à leur pratique pourraient les rapprocher plus encore. Cette entente contre-nature permettrait d’associer les connaissances nautiques des pirates, marins expérimentés aux capacités de planification des terroristes.Apart from times of high intensity conflict, the two main forms of violence at sea are piracy, and maritime terrorism. If the former is perpetrated at private ends, the latter is politically motivated. Although addressing different ends, both activities are important threats for the 50,000 merchant vessels sailing the oceans and moving 90% of our world’s commerce. A piracy-terrorism nexus, if widely spread, could have lethal consequences for a weakened world economyBoth of them share a physical environment favorable to illegal activities. The oceans covering nearly three-quarters of the planet, freedom of the high seas make them impossible to control. Enduring piracy activities around Africa displays it at will. In parallel, Islamist terrorism implements its strategy targeting the world economy of which sea trade is one of the main pillars. Both activities are also closely linked to criminal activities: Terrorism for logistic purposes, while piracy is one of its main maritime components. Recognizing the close relationship between both activities, along with the complementarities of some specific skills could bring them even closer. Such an unnatural alliance could bring together the seamanship of pirates with the planning expertise of highly motivated terrorists.

  3. 宁夏南部山区6~12岁回汉族学生患龋现况%Dental caries among 6-to 12-year-old Hui and Han students in Ningxia southern mountainous area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊瑞斌; 景俊; 席涛; 王胜朝

    2016-01-01

    目的 了解宁夏南部山区6~12岁回、汉族学生患龋状况,为有效开展龋病防治提供参考.方法 采用分层整群随机抽样方法,抽取宁夏南部山区6个区县12所小学2 907名6~ 12岁小学生进行龋病流行病学调查.结果 6~12岁学生总患龋率为60.7%,龋均为(1.76±2.08),龋齿充填构成比为1.6%;第一恒磨牙患龋率为26.8%,龋均为(0.45±0.86),龋齿充填构成比为2.4%,窝沟封闭率为6.7%;乳牙患龋率为47.0%,龋均为(1.31±1.87),龋齿充填构成比为1.3%.以上各指标不同民族、年龄、地区间差异均有统计学意义(P值均<0.01),城乡、性别之间差异均无统计学意义(P值均>0.05).城市学生第一恒磨牙窝沟封闭率为10.2%,乡镇学校的窝沟封闭率为0.结论 宁夏南部山区6~12岁回、汉族学生患龋率较高,龋齿充填构成比、窝沟封闭率较低,应加强综合干预防龋措施.%Objective To investigate dental caries among 6-to 12-year-old Hui and Han students in Ningxia southern mountainous area.Methods Dental caries was assessed among 2 907 students aged from 6 to 12 years from 12 primary schools of Ningxia southern mountainous area by using the stratified,cluster sampling.Results The prevalence rate of caries was 60.7%,and the DMFT/dmft was(1.76±2.08).The filled rate of the total caries was 2.7%;prevalence rate of the first molars caries was 26.8% and the DMFT was(0.45±0.86).The filled rate of the caries was 2.4% in the first molars,and the rate of pit and fissure was 6.7%;the prevalence rate of deciduous tooth caries was 47% and the dmft was(1.31±1.87),and the filled rate of the caries was 1.3% in deciduous tooth.There were significant difference on caries status between nationality and age and region(P<0.01),but no significant difference between gender(P>0.05).The rate of pit and fissure in the first permanent molar was 10.2% among students in the urban school,while no students with was

  4. Characteristics of Yersinia enterocolitica genes isolated in Ningxia Hui autonomous region from 1997 to 2010%1997-2010年宁夏回族自治区小肠结肠炎耶尔森菌致病性的基因特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝琼; 刘翔; 郭邦成; 闫立群; 谢明英; 金东; 王鑫; 崔志刚; 景怀琦

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解宁夏回族自治区小肠结肠炎耶尔森菌主要毒力基因分布情况和致病性小肠结肠炎耶尔森菌分子分型特征。方法 于1997-2010年在宁夏回族自治区共分离得到283株小肠结肠炎耶尔森菌,用PCR法分析其黏附侵袭位点基因(ail)、耐热肠毒素A基因(ystA)、ystB、黏附素基因(yadA)、毒力活化因子基因(virF);应用限制性内切酶Not Ⅰ酶切致病性小肠结肠炎耶尔森菌染色体DNA进行脉冲场凝胶电泳(PFGE),利用BioNumerics软件进行聚类分析。结果 209株O∶3、O∶9血清型小肠结肠炎耶尔森菌中ail、ystA、yadA、virF毒力基因阳性,ystB为阴性的占97.6%( 204/209);O∶8血清型和未开展血清分型的菌株5种毒力基因全部阴性;11株O∶5血清型有9株5种毒力基因全部阴性。将致病性菌株进行PFGE分型,根据染色体DNA的Not Ⅰ酶切图谱,将29株O∶3血清型分成12个PFGE带型,包含5株以上的优势PFGE带型有2种。180株O∶9血清型菌株分成13个PFGE带型,包含10株以上的优势PFGE带型有4种,各自是从同一地区猪与家鼠、猪与犬、猪与野兔分离。结论 宁夏地区O∶3、O∶9血清型小肠结肠炎耶尔森菌具有致病性,O∶3逐步成为如今的优势血清型;O∶5、O∶8与血清未分型的菌株无致病性。%Objective To investigate the distribution of virulent genes of Yersinia enterocolitica (Y. enterocolitica) in Ningxia Hui autonomous region and the characteristics of the molecular patterns of Y. enterocolitica. Methods 283 strains of Y. enterocolitica were isolated in Ningxia Hui autonomous region between year 1997 and 2010. The genes ail,ystA,ystB,yadA and virF were analyzed by PCR method; the chromosomal DNA of Y. enterocolitica was digested by restriction endonucleases Not Ⅰ and processed by pulsed-field gel electrophoreses (PFGE) ; and then the cluster analysis were conducted by BioNumeric computer

  5. 电针百会、风府穴对脑I/R损伤大鼠海马区CPG15表达影响的实验研究%Effects of Eiectroacupuncture Bai Hui, Feng Fu on CPG15 Expression of Hippocampus in Rats with Cerebral Ischemic Reperfusion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐晓敏; 秦正玉; 何宗宝; 王家琳; 吴生兵; 汪克明

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨电针对局灶性脑缺血再灌注大鼠神经功能的恢复及海马区神经可塑性相关基因15(CPG15)表达影响的情况.方法 60只SD大鼠,雌雄各半,随机分为正常对照组、模型组、电针经穴组、电针非经穴组、西药对照组.采用线栓法制备局灶性脑缺血再灌注模型,电针经穴组电针百会、风府穴,电针非经穴组电针大鼠臀部非经非穴位置,电针以疏波2Hz,强度3 mA~5mA,持续电针30 min,每天1次,连续治疗2周.西药对照组以尼莫地平20 mg/(kg·d)灌胃,每日2次,连续灌胃2周.2周后Longa5分法对大鼠神经功能缺损评分,并取材,运用免疫组化法检测大鼠缺血侧海马区CPG15表达情况.结果 模型组大鼠神经功能缺损评分及缺血侧海马区CPG15表达显著高于正常对照组(P<0.01);电针经穴组与西药治疗组大鼠神经功能评分及海马区CPG15表达差异无统计学意义(P>0.05),而与模型组比较,电针经穴组与西药治疗组神经功能评分及海马区CPG15表达均有统计学意义(P<0.01);电针非经穴组大鼠神经功能缺损评分及缺血侧海马区CPG15表达与模型组比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论 电针可改善脑缺血再灌注大鼠神经功能,并提高海马区CPG15的表达,电针对脑缺血再灌注后脑细胞的神经可塑性有促进作用.%Objective To investigate the effects of electroacupuncture on canidate plasticity- related gene 15CCPG15) expression of hippocampus in rats with cerebral ischemic reperfusion(I/R). Methods Sixty sprague - dawley rats were randomly divided into normal group (group 1) ,cerebral ischemic reperfusion model group (group 2) .electroacupuncture on meridian acupoints group (group 3),electroacupuncture on non - meridian acupoints group (group 4) .and nimodiping group (group 5). Rat models with cerebral ischemia reperfusion were prepared by modified suture. Electroacupuncture was applied on Bai Hui(TV20) and .Feng Fu

  6. 旅游对目的地社区族群认同的影响——以三亚回族为例%The impact of tourism on ethnic identity for destination community: A case study of Hui Nationality

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙九霞; 陈浩

    2012-01-01

    The ethnic issue is an important subject in current academic circles,which was related to several conflicts at home and abroad.The study of ethnic identity is the basis and the difficulty of ethnic studies.As a kind way of inter-ethnic communication,the impact of tourism on ethnic identity should be a great concern,especially on the destination communities,as a result of the booming of tourism.The current study of tourism impact on ethnic identity of destination communities focused more on the destinations which take ethnic culture as its main tourism attractions,where the residents' ethnic identity might be misled by commercial advertising.So this study chooses the Hui minority community in Sanya of Hainan as a case destination,which is not taking ethnic culture as its main attraction. In order to investigate the changes of the residents' ethnic identity before and after tourism development,this article takes cultural anthropology's research strategy and uses observations,interviews and documentation analyze as research methods and finds that the residents'' main occupations related to tourism include tourism commodity selling,tourism transportation business and tourism catering business.This study also finds that tourism development does impact local residents' ethnic identity.Some conclusions can be drawn as follows.Firstly,religious awareness has been enhanced.Thanks to tourism participation,the Hui people have got much more earnings than before and could afford the expense of hajj and studying overseas in Islamic countries,thus,transit the architectural style of mosque and folk residences from Chinese to Arabian,and enlarge the mosques to meet the needs of educational and cultural functions. Secondly,traditional customs have changed.The status of working women has promoted due to the women's participation in tourism business,and the marriage taboos got loosened.Along with the necessity of tourism development,the cigarette and alcohol taboos has

  7. Notes and Commentary of Chu His's The Textual Study of the Doctrine of the Mean on"the Zhong and the He Being Made Superlative" (致中和) in which the Ecological Thought is Contained%朱熹《中庸章句》对“致中和”的注释及其蕴含的生态思想——兼与《礼记正义·中庸》比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    乐爱国

    2012-01-01

    The Doctrine of the Mean said: "When joy, anger, sorrow and pleasure have not yet arisen, it is called the Zhong (中, equilibrium). When they arise to their appropriate levels, it is called the He(和, harmony). When the Zhong and the He are made superlative, Heaven and Earth are in their proper positic)ns, and the myriad things are nourished and flourish. " Chu His's The Textual Study of the Doctrine of the Mean made reasonable and profound notes and commentary on it, and thought that Heaven and Earth being in their proper positions, and the myriad things being nourished and flourish, will be achieved, when human makes the Zhong and the He superlative,and realizes that his connatural inbeing is identical with the Tad of Heaven and Earth and the myriad things, further more, completes the Tad of Heaven and Earth, and assists their suitable arrangement and transforming and nourishing powers. Here is contained the ecological thought.%朱熹《中庸章句》对"致中和,天地位焉,万物育焉"作了合理而深入的诠释,并且认为,将人的喜怒哀乐未发的"中"与发皆中节的"和"推到极致,并据此体会人的先天本性以及与此具有共同性的天地万物之理和变化规律,进而"裁成天地之道,辅相天地之宜"、"赞天地之化育",就可以实现"天地位"、"万物育"。这里蕴含着具有现代意义的生态思想。

  8. On the Images of“Knife-brandishing Women”in Mercenary Marriages with Examples from The Killing of a Husband by Li Ang and Shuijia Younü Chu Zhangcheng by Yan Geling%买卖婚姻中“挥刀女性”形象研究--以李昂的《杀夫》与严歌苓的《谁家有女初长成》为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏蓓

    2015-01-01

    农村女性在买卖婚姻中受虐、被辱而走向“挥刀”杀人的无望反抗,是台湾作家李昂小说《杀夫》与旅美作家严歌苓小说《谁家有女初长成》的共同主题。两位生活在不同地域文化氛围中的女作家通过各自不同的书写方式,不仅将其笔下女主人公家庭中相似的生存困境展现在读者面前,也揭示了女性在生活中的多层次诉求,提供了文本背后的多重文化空间,引发了我们对合理婚姻的深入思考。%It is a joint theme in The Killing of a Husband by Li Ang, a Taiwanese writer, and Shuijia Younü Chu Zhangcheng by Yan Geling, a sojourning writer in America, that features rural women who are in such despair that they“brandish knives”and kill when they suffer ill-treatment and humiliation in mercenary marriages. These two women writers, living in different regional cultures and writing in their own very different ways, present to the readers not only the similar survival predicaments in the families of their female protagonists but also reveals multi-layered appeals women make in their lives, thus providing a multiple cultural space behind the texts that induces our thinking in depth on rational marriages.

  9. 15个谷子品种在宁夏4个区域的适应性鉴定与筛选%Assessment and Screening of 1 5 Millet Varieties for Adaptability in Four Areas of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓娟; 程炳文; 杨军学; 罗世武; 王晓军; 王勇; 张尚沛

    2016-01-01

    Aiming at resolving the problems existing in millet production in Ningxia Hui Autonomous region (Ningxia),China,which include varietal admixture and the indiscriminate adoption of millet varieties,we performed a field trial to evaluate 15 high-quality millet varieties for their field performance in four different ecological areas in Ningxia.A randomized block design was used in the trial. A number of growth and yield parameters were measured and analyzed for these varieties,consisting of growth period,plant height, panicle traits,and yield.By comparing the parameters of the 15 varieties planted in the four ecological areas,we identified five millet varieties that outperformed the others in each area,which varied with the specific ecological area involved.Specifically,the five varie-ties suitable for planting in Touying area are Longgu 11,Datong 29,Jingu 13,Jingu 25,and Jingu 40.The five for Xiji area are Long-gu 11,Longgu 13,Jingu 40,Black Millet,and Gold Millet.The five for Tongxin area are Jingu 29,Jigu 12,Jingu 22,Jingu 40,and Longgu 11.The five for Yanchi area are Jingu 13,Datong 29,Jingu 25,Jingu 29,and Gold Millet.%为解决宁夏谷子生产中存在品种混杂与选种盲目等问题,采用随机区组试验设计,在宁夏不同生态区域引进15个优良谷子品种,通过田间种植鉴定与室内分析化验,对不同品种的生育期、株高、穗部性状和产量等进行比较分析,从中筛选出适宜宁夏不同生态区域种植的优势谷子品种5个,其中头营为陇谷11号、大同29号、晋谷13号、晋谷25号和晋谷40号;西吉为陇谷11号、陇谷13号、晋谷40号、黑谷子和黄金谷;同心为晋谷29号、济谷12号、晋谷22号、晋谷40号和陇谷11号;盐池为晋谷13号、大同29号、晋谷25号、晋谷29号和黄金谷。

  10. Landuse Change and Its Environmental Effect in Ecologically Vulnerable Area——A Case Study in Arid Area of Central Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region%生态脆弱区土地利用格局变化及其环境效应——以宁夏回族自治区中部干旱带为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾科利; 姚玉玲; 郭占军; 叶蔚

    2011-01-01

    基于遥感、GIS技术、景观生态学及层次分析方法,以宁夏回族自治区中部干旱带为研究区,利用1978年MSS以及1987,1996,2007年的TM/ETM遥感影像为数据源,对该区域近30a来土地利用格局变化及环境效应进行了分析。结果表明,30a来该区耕地和建设用地有不同程度的增加,新增耕地主要来自未利用土地和草地,建设用地面积的增加主要来源于耕地和未利用土地;耕地和未利用土地向林地、草地转化是林地和草地面积增加的主要来源。由于受人类活动的干扰,研究区土地利用景观结构发生了较大变化,土地利用格局变化产生了景观破碎化,景观异质性增加,生态环境退化等生态效应。但20世纪90年代中后期以来,在以还林还草、禁牧及水利等综合治理工程为核心的生态环境治理措施调控下,土地利用结构得以调整,植被覆盖增加,区域生态环境质量逐步得以改善。%Using the methods of remote sensing,geographical information system(GIS),landscape ecology and analytic hierarchy process(AHP),this paper analyzed the change of landuse pattern and its ecological and environmental effects in arid area of central Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region from 1978 to 2007 based on the MSS image in 1978 and Landsat TM/ETM images in 1987,1996,2007.The results showed that areas of farmland and construction areas increased in the past 30 years.The newly-increased farmlands mainly came from unused land and grassland,while the newly-increased lands for construction mainly came from farmland and unused lands.At the same time,the forest land and grassland decreased from 1978 to 1987,and increased from since 1987.The sources of increased area were primary farmland and unused land.These changes caused great changes in landscape such as landscape fragmenting and heterogeneity and declining of environmental quality from 1978 to 1987.The index of environmental effect was only 0.118 in 1987

  11. 甘肃省临夏回族自治州碘缺乏病健康教育效果评价%Effect evaluation of health education on iodine deficiency disorders prevention in Linxia Hui autonomous prefecture of Gansu province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹永琴; 王燕玲; 窦瑜贵; 李洪波; 郑菁; 孙玮; 朱小南

    2013-01-01

    良好模式,提高了健康教育的可行性和和可及性,其效果更加持久.%Objective To evaluate the effect of health education on the target population of iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) in Linxia Hui autonomous prefecture.Methods During 2006-2010,IDD health education was carried out in the target population of Linxia Hui autonomous prefecture,and IDD knowledge of 5th grade pupil and 20-50 years old child-bearing women were surveyed by stratified sampling and questionnaire survey methods to evaluate the effect of health education.Results After health education,IDD knowledge passing rate rose from 55.6% (548/986) and 18.0%(118/657) to 90.0%(1103/1225) and 86.2%(687/797) among pupils and women,respectively.The awareness rates of iodine deficiency in causing goiter,mental retardation and birth born silly children,and the key role of iodized salt in controling IDD were increased from 79.2% (781/986),76.5% (754/986),51.7% (510/986) and 82.3% (811/986) to 88.8% (1088/1225),85.6% (1049/1225),68.7% (842/1225) and 90.0% (1103/1225) among pupils,and from 48.6% (319/657),28.3% (186/657),15.4% (101/657) and 39.6% (260/657) to 86.2% (687/797),70.0% (558/797),46.3% (369/797) and 87.3% (696/797) among women,and all the difference were significant,respectively.Belief rate held by students that health education can prevent iodine deficiency disorders was 87.3% (1069/1225),and 52.9% (648/1225) of the students told their parents about IDD.The rate of consciously purchase of qualified iodized salt was 87.1% (694/797) after health education among women of childbearing age,and the consumption rate of iodized salt was 64.6%(515/797).More than 90% of the people in relevant departments knew iodine deficiency disorders related knowledge,in particular,had a clear understanding of intellectual hazards caused by iodine deficiency,and actively supported and participated in health education in the prevention and control of iodine

  12. 身体性经验的政治维度及学科意义*--以民歌《高大人领兵》对“同治回民起义”的表征为例%Body experience as an aesthetic dimension:A study of the representation of the revolt of the Hui people in the period of Emperor Tongzhi in the folk song General Gao Leading an Army

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    强东红

    2016-01-01

    It is necessary to enrich the political dimension of the contemporary Chinese aesthetic theory against the West aca-demic background which has experienced a political turn in the theoretic construction.With more political concentration,the aesthetic theory should pay more attention to the body experience of the ordinary people in their daily life.This paper gives an a-nalysis of the representation of the revolt of the Hui people in the period of Emperor Tongzhi in the folk song General Gao Lead-ing an Army,which reveals that the body experience of the ordinary people is a material basis for constructing an aesthetic theo-ry and a general criterion for aesthetic criticism.%在当代西方理论呈现出一种政治转向的学术背景下,丰富当代中国美学的政治维度就显得非常必要。在加强政治考量时,美学理论应该关注普通民众的日常生活中的身体感受和身体性经验。从西部民歌《高大人领兵》对“同治回民起义”的表征来看,广大民众的有血有肉的身体可以成为美学理论建设的现实物质基础和美学批评的普遍标准与尺度。

  13. 在心理学的荒芜之处探寻心灵--孙惠芬的《生死十日谈》对乡村个体精神空间的呈现%Exploration of the Soul in the Barren Place from the Perspective of Psychology---The spiritual world of each country dweller presented by Sun hui-fen in “Life and Death Decameron”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王莉

    2015-01-01

    认为孙惠芬的小说《生死十日谈》的意义是在心理学的荒芜之处探寻心灵,为每个乡村个体生命寻找存在的理由,真诚地呈现了乡村个体的精神空间。作家用独特的视角和温暖的讲述为乡村个体生命代言,为每个自杀的当事人及其亲属写下各自的故事,呈现了乡村人的尊严、活法和信仰。甚至可以说,是孙惠芬的书写让世人知道他们曾经存在过。这是孙惠芬作为一个作家对生命和尊严的贡献。%It is argued that the significance of Sun hui-fen's novel “life and death Decameron”lies in its exploration of the soul in the barren place. It sincerely reveals the spiritual world of each individual in the countryside and searches the reasons for their existence. From a unique angle and with warmth, the writer writes down the stories of each suicide and their relatives, which have demonstrated the dignity, ways of living and beliefs of the people in the countryside. It can be even argued that her writing has acquainted the world with the fact that those people have existed in the world, which is her contribution to the theme of life and dignity as a writer.

  14. 文化价值观对会计估计职业判断影响的实证研究——以新疆地区维吾尔族、汉族和回族为研究对象%An Empirical Research on Influence of Culture on the Measurement of Accounting Estimates——Taking the Han,Uygur and Hui Nationalities in Xinjiang as Subjects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡本源; 依不拉音·玉买尔

    2012-01-01

    Taking the accountants from the Han,Uygur and Hui nationalities in Xinjiang as subjects,this paper examines the influence of culture values difference among the three nationalities on the measurement of accounting estimates.Our results indicate that,given the same economic facts,judgments among the accountants from the three nationalities vary significantly and culture interacts with decision-making behavior under uncertain circumstances.Our results suggest accountants' application and explanation to financial reporting rules are controlled and influenced by their cultural values.Therefore,the international coordination of accounting standards,can,by no means,be realized by issuing a set of accounting standards consistent with the international practice.%本文以新疆地区维吾尔族、汉族和回族会计人员为研究对象,研究了这三个民族文化价值观的差异对会计人员会计估计计量的影响。研究结果发现:面对相同的经济事项,这三个民族会计人员的会计估计计量结果存在着显著的差异,且会计估计计量结果的差异还受到不确定环境呈现方式的影响。研究结果表明:会计人员解释和运用会计准则的方式受其文化价值观的支配和影响,因此,会计准则的国际协调决不是仅仅通过发布一套与国际惯例一致的会计准则就可以完成的。

  15. The KAP status of Iodine Deficiency Disorders in Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture of Gansu in 2010%2010年甘肃省临夏回族自治州碘缺乏病知行信现状调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹永琴; 王燕玲; 窦瑜贵; 李洪波; 郑菁; 孙玮; 朱小南; 王尹

    2012-01-01

    Objective To survey status on health education of Iodine Deficiency Disorders (IDD) in IDD serious endemic areas in Gansu Province. Methods The stratified sampling and questionnaire survey methods were selected in 8 counties. 1225 primary school students in Grade 5 and 797 childbearing women were enrolled. Results The percentage of the pupil awareness about the role of IDD resulting in goiter, the role of IDD playing in intelligence damage, the role of IDD playing in bom silly children were 88. 8% , 85. 6% , 68. 7% respectively (P < 0.05), and 86. 2% , 70. 0% , 46. 3% among women (P < 0. 05), those rates in women were lower than that in pupils (P < 0. 05). The pupil who knew iodated salt as the key measure to prevent IDD were 90. 0% , and 87. 3% among women. 87. 3% of pupils believed that IDD could be prevented by iodized salt, and 52. 9% of them told this information to parent The women who were buying and eating iodized salt consciously were 60. 2% and 69. 8%. Conclusion Through school health education model, level of integrated knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) in Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture were higher than province lev-eL However KAP were obviously difference among counties, target population and health knowledge. It should be carried out process evaluation and religion based health education model to understand and solve these problems, and strengthen attitude and practice on health education intervention for sustaining development%目的 了解甘肃省碘缺乏病重点地区碘缺乏病健康教育现状.方法 采用随机抽样方法对临夏州8县(市)1225名五年级小学生和797名育龄妇女进行碘缺乏病问卷调查.结果 学生对缺碘造成甲状腺肿、智力低下和生傻孩子知晓率分别为88.8%、85.6%和68.7%,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),碘盐是最好防治方法的知晓率为90.0%,向父母宣传的行为具有率为52.9%,认为碘缺乏病一定能预防的信念具有率为87.3%.育龄妇女

  16. Interaktīva uzņēmuma darba pienākumu ziņošanas lietotne

    OpenAIRE

    Bušs, Konrāds

    2016-01-01

    „Interaktīva uzņēmuma darba pienākumu ziņošanas lietotne” ir mobilā telefona lietotne, kas paredzēta priekš iOS platformas ierīcēm. Sistēmas lietotājiem ir iespēja apskatīt, kuram no kolēģiem ir jāveic kāds ikdienas pienākums. Lietotnē ir integrēta spēle, kas nodrošina lietotājam iespēju aktīvi iesaistītas un vēlāk salīdzināt savu rezultātus ar kolēģiem. Projekts realizēts izmantojot spējās izstrādes metodoloģijas elementus. Programatūras izstrādes pr...

  17. The radontechnical process of the sub-slab suction system in detached, semi-detached and terraced houses; Imupistejaerjestelmaen radontekninen toiminta eri tyyppisissae pien- ja rivitaloissa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kettunen, A.V.; Rissanen, R.; Viljanen, M. [Helsinki Univ. of Technology, Otaniemi (Finland). Lab. of Structural Engineering and Building Physics; Arvela, H. [Finnish Centre for Radiation and Nuclear Safety, Helsinki (Finland)

    1997-12-31

    The sub-slab suction system is a repair method for decreasing radon transfer from soil to indoor air in houses. The sub-slab suction system changes the flow field with the aim to reduce the radon content under the ground slab or/and changes the flow direction from indoor air to foundation soil. The study is divided into the theoretical and experimental part. The theoretical part concentrates on solving the factors affecting the sub-slab suction system taking into consideration features of old houses. The experimental part uses the results of the theoretical part when the level and the type of the suction point had been chosen. The effect of the sub-slab suction system was tested with pressure difference experiments and the radon content measurements in 26 different, typical Finnish detached, semi-detached and terrace houses.

  18. 汉、藏、回族地区农户的社会资本比较——以甘肃省张掖市、甘南藏族自治州、临夏回族自治州为例%Comparison on the Social Capital of Peasant Household in Han, Zang and Hui Nationality Region: Case of Zhangye, Gannan and Linxia in Gansu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵雪雁; 赵海莉

    2013-01-01

    社会资本作为实现可持续发展的关键资本,已引起学术界与决策层的广泛关注.本研究以甘肃省张掖市、甘南藏族自治州、临夏回族自治州为研究区,从网络、普遍信任、制度信任、规范等维度出发建立了社会资本测量量表,基于入户调查资料,对比分析了汉、藏、回族地区农户的社会资本特征.研究发现:①甘南州农户的社会资本总指数最高、幅夏州次之、张掖市最低,与其他维度相比,张掖市与甘南州农户的普遍信任度欠缺,而临夏州农户的制度信任度欠缺;②临夏州农户的网络水平高于张掖市与甘南州,张掖市农户参与率最高的协会/组织为医疗合作组织,而临夏州与甘南州为宗教协会;③甘南州农户的制度信任度远高于张掖市与临夏州;④甘南州农户的普遍信任度与规范水平均最高,临夏州次之,张掖市最低,且三个地区农户对同质群体的信任度均高于对异质群体的信任度,农户的互助水平均高于奉献水平与和睦程度;⑤农户户主受教育程度、劳动力数量、社会地位、与外界交流强度、生活满意度以及地区民族属性均对农户社会资本的不同维度产生显著影响.最后,指出了民族地区社会资本研究中需进一步关注的问题.%Social capital plays an increasingly important role in regional development. As a key capita) to obtain region sustainable development, it has attracted increasing attention. In this study,the study area includes Zhangye City, Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture and Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture. We set up the social capital measurement scale from net, general trust, institution trust and norm dimension,and then analyze the social capital features in the Han,Tibetan and Hui nationality region by the field survey data. The results show;①The social capital index of peasant household in Gannan is the highest, which is 3. 650. The second place is

  19. On the Origin and Coexistence of Chu's Culture and "The Songs of Chu"%楚文化和楚辞渊源及共生探幽

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    光军风

    2007-01-01

    特立独行的楚文化与中原文化有很大的差异.楚文化从强悍桀骜的民族心理和自由激越的文化心态的深层结构上,从浓烈的地域色彩和地方语言上,更从巫祭文化的浪漫激情和审美范畴三方面对楚辞构成巨大影响,使楚辞呈现出神奇迷离的浪漫精神和悲剧情怀.楚辞独特的自由、长短不一的"骚体"形式、"美人香草"复杂而巧妙的象征比喻系统,与《诗经》共同成为中国诗歌的源流.

  20. The Origin of "Tomb-guard Beast" of Chu and Chu Nation%楚"镇墓兽"的源起与楚国族类

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    耿华玲

    2007-01-01

    "镇墓兽"是先秦楚墓中的一种典型器物,其形制随着时代发展而不断变化.通过分析"镇墓兽"所在墓的头向发现,南向墓与东向墓出土的较多,而以南向墓的随葬比率最高,东向墓中的增幅较快."镇墓兽"信仰起源于南蛮系统,楚公族接受以后,渐渐普及开来.

  1. Analysis on the Protection Measures of Special Culture of the Construction of Ethnic Minorities Villages: Illustrate the Protection Plan of Special Ethnic Minorities of Gansu Province Zhangjiachuan Hui Autonomous County Zhangjiachuan Town Chawan Village%少数民族村寨建设中特色文化保护对策——以甘肃省张家川回族自治县张家川镇查湾村少数民族特色村寨保护规划为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈华; 张萍

    2012-01-01

    少数民族特色鲜明、历史文化积淀丰厚的村寨建筑,是少数民族地区传统文化与生活的集中体现.少数民族村寨是保存少数民族地区传统特色的载体.如何保持和发扬少数民族村寨的文化特征,继承其优秀的文化精粹,在不断提高当地民众居住生活的同时,实现少数民族村寨特色保存的持续发展.结合甘肃省张家川回族自治县张家川镇查湾村少数民族特色村寨保护规划设计,简要分析地域性、民族性特色鲜明的民族文化生态村的保护设想.%Construction of ethnic minorities villages with special characteristics and rich history cultural heritage reflects the traditional culture and life of ethnic minority regions. Ethic minority village is the carrier of protecting the traditional features of ethic minority region. It is an important topic that how to keep and develop culture characteristics of minority village, inherit the excellent culture essence, continuously improve the local people living at the same time, and realize minority village preservation characteristics of sustainable development. Combined with the protection plan and design of Gansu province Zhangjiachuan Hui Autonomous County Zhangjiachuan town Chawan Village, the article briefly analyzes the protection plan of ethnic culture ecology villages with region, national characteristics.

  2. Study on Comprehensive Evaluation and Influencing Factors of Information Service in Rural Areas——Based on the Survey of Village-Level Perspective in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region%农村信息服务综合评价及影响因素研究——基于宁夏回族自治区村级视角的调研分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李瑾; 赵春江; 秦向阳; 袁学国; 张正

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] The establishment of rural information service system is a systematic engineering which is influenced by various elements such as national conditions, regional characteristics, rural economic and social development. In order to understand the status quo, the effect and key influencing factors of rural information service, address the key working and then explore a mechanism of sustainable development for rural information service in new rural construction, this paper gives an analysis of the effect evaluation and influencing factors of rural information service patterns in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region. [Method]The paper constructed a comprehensive evaluation index system for rural information service, combined with AHP and Delphi method to determine the index weight, then measured and evaluated it with Liken Scales. And what is more, it selected four factors for a fitting analysis like GDP, farmers' culture quality, informatization input, net income per capita, network home rate, amount of information technology equipment per capita and information technology training person times seven factors of rural information service with the multiple linear regression model. [Result] The general level of information service was good from the sampled villages, farmers were satisfied with the content of information service and policy and legal guarantee. However, the evaluation on information capacities and construction of information resource were general according to these farmers. Rural information service was mainly relative to farmers culture quality, information input, amount of information technology equipment per capita and information technology training person times rather than GDP, net income per capita and network home rate. The more information input, the stronger the ability of farmers to accept the information, the better service effect. The more poverty backward area, the lower farmers' culture quality got, the better effect of information service

  3. Redatuming borehole-to-surface electromagnetic data using Stratton-Chu integral transforms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhdanov, Michael; Cai, Hongzhu

    2012-01-01

    We present a new method of analyzing borehole-to-surface electromagnetic (BSEM) survey data based on redatuming of the observed data from receivers distributed over the surface of the earth onto virtual receivers located within the subsurface. The virtual receivers can be placed close to the target...

  4. Hiina : olümpiakahjum ettevõtetele / Dexter Roberts, Chi-Chu Tshang

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Roberts, Dexter

    2008-01-01

    Hiina valitsus on kehtestanud paljudele tööstusettevõtetele nii olümpiamängude kui paraolümpia toimumise ajaks suurt majanduslikku kahju tekitavad ranged tootmispiirangud, mis võivad mõjutada isegi välisriikide tarbijaid

  5. Chu Lai MCAF, Vietnam. Revised Uniform Summary of Surface Weather Observations (RUSSWO). Parts A-F

    Science.gov (United States)

    1971-03-01

    99o.I so~i 99.I 99.II 9988 99.1 9968I el90 990a 99.1 L99’s260.9’? 9 , ,,. - MAL ,,,& ,,. ,,., ,,; ,; ,,o ,,a ,,; ,,. 9’s ~t ?t 400 & 300 o1 8 9 9 .,1 9 9...99,6 99.6 99.6 99*6 99,4 99.6 99,6 99*6 ?: 1000 17 97.191,1,. ŕ 9-J 9.B Qt9f I law Af.0. MO M4 MAl > 900 97.1 98,4 98.9 99.5 99,5 9I7 oi ,lOO, 00...97.1 9i.I 9 99 , - d - 99. a9nO. LO . l O OjO . O ,i-l IO0, L 0.01- , , , 7,1 6 6 9,0 99,6 99,6 99,6 00.0 0,000,00000 000000,0 00.0 2tD~ 0k. 61:00 0

  6. Hiina : olümpiakahjum ettevõtetele / Dexter Roberts, Chi-Chu Tshang

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Roberts, Dexter

    2008-01-01

    Hiina valitsus on kehtestanud paljudele tööstusettevõtetele nii olümpiamängude kui paraolümpia toimumise ajaks suurt majanduslikku kahju tekitavad ranged tootmispiirangud, mis võivad mõjutada isegi välisriikide tarbijaid

  7. Le campus et le C.H.U de Bordeaux 1959-2005

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marc Saboya

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Première partie : Le campus et le CHU : 1959-1974Le campus, style « sévère »Le 23 juillet 1963, le plan masse du complexe universitaire prolongeant les premières réalisations de René-André Coulon est approuvé par le Conseil général des bâtiments de France. L’extension, programmée dès le départ mais impulsée par le recteur Babin, s’étire sur près de 250 ha. Le campus de Talence, Pessac et Gradignan est désormais un des plus grands d’Europe. Le plan, confié à l’architecte parisien Louis Sainsau...

  8. Jane Eyre, Past and Present Jane Eyre, d’hier à aujourd’hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Armelle Parey

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available The present collection of articles along with a few additional contributions contains the proceedings of a conference held at the university of Caen Basse-Normandie, France in May 2004. Entitled “Jane Eyre, Past and Present”, its aim was to study the posterity of Charlotte Brontë’s novel and/or character since its publication in 1847. That two-thirds of the texts studied in this volume were published in the last decade of the twentieth century attests to the fact that rewriting has become a m...

  9. Art d’aujourd’hui, patrimoine de demain. Conservation et restauration des œuvres contemporaines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muriel Verbeeck-Boutin

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Paru, et c’est un tour de force, dans le temps même où débutait le colloque du même nom,  l’ouvrage met à disposition le texte des trente-neuf communications présentées à cette occasion. Les trois journées étaient consacrées à des thématiques diverses, illustrées par des orateurs venus de tous les horizons. La richesse des interventions et leur nombre ne nous permettront pas de nous arrêter à leur détail, et nous proposons ici une introduction, ainsi qu’un bref retour sur les échanges et disc...

  10. He Hui Whakatika: Culturally Responsive, Self Determining Interventions for Restoring Harmony

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bateman, Sonja; Berryman, Mere

    2008-01-01

    The time has come for kaupapa Maori ideology and epistemology to move from the margins and claim legitimate space within the discipline of education. Kaupapa Maori ideology provides a dynamic framework within which Maori are better able to make meaning of the world and work for change. Increasingly, kaupapa Maori is being used to inform policies…

  11. Als de kat van huis is ... : zwerfkatten in Nederland: een inventarisatie

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Neijenhuis, F.; Niekerk, van T.G.C.M.

    2015-01-01

    Het doel van dit Wageningen UR Wetenschapswinkel-project is het inventariseren van de omvang van het zwerfkattenprobleem in Nederland, de karakteristieken van de problematiek, de betrokken stakeholders en de mogelijkheden voor aanpak van het zwerfkattenprobleem. Dit onderzoek is in opdracht van

  12. Leidende motieven bij decentralisatie. Discours, doelstelling en daad in het Huis van Thorbecke

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Raijmakers, Laurens Marie

    2014-01-01

    The subject of this thesis is the administrative relation between the levels of authority in the Netherlands. Focus of attention within this study is the distribution of administrative tasks and legislative power between government tiers. And more particular the way it has developed since the

  13. Dr. GUAN Zun-hui's Clinical Experience in Treating Simple Obesity by Acupuncture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XIA Bo; XIAO Yuan-chun

    2003-01-01

    Objective The clinical effects of acupuncture and massaging abdomen with salt the treatment of simple obesity was observed. Methods: Eighty cases were randomized into two groups: treatment group in which 40 cases were treated by acupuncture and massaging abdomen with salt and control group in which another 40 cases were treated by conventional acupuncture. Their effects were observed and compared. Results: The clinical cure rate and marked effective rate in treatment group were significantly higher than in control group (P<0.01). Conclusion: The clinical effects in the treatment group are much better than those in the control group.

  14. Als de kat van huis is ... : zwerfkatten in Nederland: een inventarisatie

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Neijenhuis, F.; Niekerk, van T.G.C.M.

    2015-01-01

    Het doel van dit Wageningen UR Wetenschapswinkel-project is het inventariseren van de omvang van het zwerfkattenprobleem in Nederland, de karakteristieken van de problematiek, de betrokken stakeholders en de mogelijkheden voor aanpak van het zwerfkattenprobleem. Dit onderzoek is in opdracht van Stra

  15. Gas market is today strategical; Le marche du gaz est aujourd'hui strategique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Darricarrere, Y.L. [Total, 92 - Courbevoie (France)

    2006-07-01

    The energy market, and in particular the gas market, is today seething with excitement. In France, in Europe and in the rest of the world, the energy stakes are in the center of preoccupations. This article is an interview of Y.L. Darricarrere, general director of the gas and electricity division of Total group, who explains his opinions about the opening of European and French energy markets, presents the ambitions of Total group on these markets, and comments some recent events of the European energy scene: concentration between gas and electric utilities, the Suez and Gaz de France (GdF) project of merger, the risks linked with the coming in of national companies from producing countries, like Gazprom and Sonatrach, on the European market, the restriction of access of foreign companies to hydrocarbon reserves in Russia and Latin America (come back of the 'energy nationalism'), Total's policy for anticipating the increase of the world energy demand and the depletion of fossil fuel reserves. (J.S.)

  16. Comment peut-on lire Ivan Hadjiiski aujourd’hui ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Svetla Koleva

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Présentation de deux textes d’Ivan Hadjiiski (1907-1944 : « Les racines historiques de nos traditions démocratiques » paru pour la première fois dans la Revue Philosophique/Filossofski pregled, 1937, 9/1 ; et « Traits atypiques du développement de notre société », paru dans Problèmes sociologiques/Sotziologitcheski problemi, 1986, n° 3, et publiés ici avec l’autorisation des tenants des droits d’auteur.How to read Ivan Hadjiiski today? Introduction to two Ivan Hajiisji’s textsPresentation of Ivan Hadjiiski’s two texts:"Historical roots of our democratic traditions", first published in Philosophical Journal/Filossofski pregled, 1937, 9/1, and "Atypical features of our society’s development" first published in Sociological Problems/Sotziologitcheski problemi, 1986, n° 3, which are published here with the kind authorization of copyright owners.¿Como se puede leer hoy Ivan Hadjiiski?Introducción y análisis de dos textos de Ivan Hadjiiski: "Las raíces históricas de nuestras tradiciones democráticas", publicado por primera vez en EstudioFilosófico/Filossofski pregled, 1937, 9/1, y "Aspectos inhabituales del desarrollo de la sociedad actual" publicado por primera vez en Problemas sociológicos/Sotziologitcheski problemi, 1986, n° 3, y aquí publicados con la amable autorización de los teniendos de los derechos de autor.

  17. Astronomie spatiale infrarouge, aujourd’hui et demain = Infrared space astronomy, today and tomorrow

    CERN Document Server

    Lequeux, J; David, F

    2000-01-01

    This book brings together the lectures given at the Les Houches summer school "Infrared space astronomy, today and tomorrow". It gives a wide overview of infrared astronomy, a wavelength domain crucial for studies of the solar system, stars at the beginning and end of their lives, interstellar matter and galaxies at all distances. Recent developments in observational techniques have been tremendous. The first contributions give an introduction to the basic physical processes and methods of detection and data processing. They are followed by a series of lectures dealing with the wide variety of astronomical objects that can be seen in the infrared.

  18. Jean Pierre Poulain, Manger Aujourd’hui, Attitudes, normes et pratiques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virginie Amilien

    2003-09-01

    Full Text Available Le titre en soi révèle une connaissance approfondie de la recherche sur la consommation, puisque cette différence entre attitudes, normes et pratique est le point commun de la recherche occidentale sur les consommateurs. Après une mise en question des données et de leur interprétation complexe, l’auteur souligne que « L’acte alimentaire pour l’individu est beaucoup plus que le support de la fonction biologique de nutrition » (p. 16 « C’est un acte humain total à travers lequel se retrouvent ...

  19. Le probleme des valeurs a l'ecole française aujourd'hui

    Science.gov (United States)

    Legrand, Louis

    1995-01-01

    Since the 1960s the French public school system has virtually abandoned the attempt to teach moral values, leaving students morally disoriented. The author finds this situation profoundly unhealthy and argues that schools have a responsibility to help in developing the ability of pupils to make moral choices and act accordingly. He rejects the rationalist view that science makes traditional morality unnecessary. At the same time, he recognizes the moral value of the scientific respect of truth and objectivity. He argues for a form of moral education which would inculcate respect for different points of view, cultural norms and religious beliefs, and which would not shy away from addressing morally important issues such as drag abuse, violence, sexuality, social justice, poverty, racism and environmental pollution.

  20. Dossier : L’Amérique militante aujourd’hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sophie Vallas

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Les années 1960 et 70 ont vu le développement florissant d’un militantisme « tous azimuts », d’une mobilisation sans précédent des femmes, des Afro-Américains, des étudiants, des minorités sexuelles, qui a réussi à profondément modifier le paysage social, politique et culturel des Etats-Unis. Les mouvements sociaux et l’activisme politique de cette période ont déjà fait l’objet de nombreux travaux et d’abondantes recherches, et c’est pourquoi ce dossier se donne pour objet d’étude « L’Amériqu...

  1. The Influence of Chu Customs on the Modelling of Wares and Ornaments in Chu Period%楚风俗对楚器物造型和装饰的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王祖龙

    2007-01-01

    楚国的造物品类繁多、主题鲜明、格调清奇灵秀、色彩斑斓繁艳,开创了上古南方审美文化的新视界.楚器物从造型到装饰所表现出来的楚风特征表明,楚器物的产生与楚风俗有着密切的关联,楚风俗是楚器物发育生长的母胎.

  2. Report relative to the radiotherapy accident occurred at the C.H.U. of Toulouse - Rangueil hospital; Rapport relatif a l'incident de radiotherapie survenu au CHU de Toulouse - Hopital de Rangueil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-05-15

    A defect of calibration of accelerator used for the radiotherapy pulls an uncertainty on 145 patients treated since the starting of the device. It appears after calculation that the volume(of sane organs) concerned by a overdose are only for six cases. It is difficult to know from these data if a sanitary effect can occur the volume irradiated being very low. The manufacturer of the device who detected an abnormality in the files of calibration warns the hospital on April 17., 2007, the hospital stops the functioning of the device on April 18., on April 20. the declaration)of the event arrives at the division of the Asn of Bordeaux. The D.D.A.S.S. of Haute-Garonne and the regional agency of hospitalization (A.R.H.) of south Pyrenees were contacted by the division of Bordeaux. Patients are informed their files will be given to I.R.S.N. for a study concerning eventual side effects. The institute of sanitary surveillance will realize a follow up of the patients concerned and has to propose a protocol of epidemiological surveillance that will be on a two years period that corresponds to the delay of side effects appearance after this kind of treatment. (N.C.)

  3. Electronic excitation and deexcitation of atoms and molecules in nonequilibrium plasmas; Hiheiko plasma chu no denshi reiki ryushi hanno katei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shimamori, H. [Fukui University of Technology, Fukui (Japan)

    1997-05-20

    Regarding excitation and deexcitation due to collision of electrons and deexcitation due to collision of baryons in nonequilibrium plasma, explanation is made about the general characteristics of the elementary processes involving their formation and disappearance and about the prediction of their sectional areas and velocity constants. As for the process of the formation of excited atoms and molecules by collision of electrons, it may be divided into the direct excitation in the ground state, excitation and light emission toward the resonance state, reexcitation and transformation of excited particles, recombination of electrons and positive atomic ions, and dissociation and recombination of electrons and positive molecular ions. As for the process of the disappearance of excited particles, there exist various courses it may follow, and it is quite complicated because it is dependent on the types of particles involved and the conditions the process proceeds under. Although the skeleton has been built of the theory of derivation of the sectional area of excitation due to collision of electrons and atoms/molecules, yet it is accurate enough only when applied to simple atomic/molecular systems, is far from satisfying in general, and is to be augmented by data from future experiments. 22 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

  4. [CASTOR-Radiology: software of management in a Unit of Medical Imaging: use in the CHU of Tours].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertrand, P; Rouleau, P; Alison, D; Bristeau, M; Minard, P; Saad, B

    1993-01-01

    Despite the large volume of information circulating in radiology departments, very few of them are currently computerised, although computer processing is developing rapidly in hospitals, encouraged by the installation of PMSI. This article illustrates the example of an imaging department management software: CASTOR-Radiologie, Computerisation of part of the Hospital Information System (HIS) must allow an improvement in the efficacy of the service rendered, must reliably reflect the department's activity and must be able to monitor the running costs. CASTOR-Radiologie was developed in conformity with standard national specifications defined by the Public Hospitals Department of the French Ministry of Health. The functions of this software are: unique patient identification, HIS base, management of examination requests, allowing a rapid reply to clinician's requests, "real-time" follow-up of patients in the department, saving time for secretaries and technicians, medical files and file analysis, allowing analysis of diagnostic strategies and quality control, edition of analytical tables of the department's activity compatible with the PMSI procedures catalogue, allowing optimisation of the use of limited resources, aid to the management of human, equipment and consumable resources. Links with other hospital computers raise organisational rather than technical problems, but have been planned for in the CASTOR-Radiologie software. This new tool was very well accepted by the personnel.

  5. Pow, Punch, Pika, and Chu : The Structure of Sound Effects in Genres of American Comics and Japanese Manga

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pratha, Nimish K.; Avunjian, Natalie; Cohn, Neil

    2016-01-01

    As multimodal works, comics are characterized as much by their use of language as by the style of their images. Sound effects in particular are exemplary of comics’ language-use, and we explored this facet of comics by analyzing a corpus of books from genres in the United States (mainstream and inde

  6. Cancer of the penis associated with HIV: a report of three cases presenting at the CHU cocody, ivory coast.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Konan, P G; Vodi, C C; Dekou, A H; Fofana, A; Gowé, E E; Manzan, K

    2015-11-16

    We describe three cases of advanced penile cancer associated with HIV infection. Advanced penile cancer associated with VIH infection were discovered in three patients aged respectively 47, 56 and 40. The prognosis was extremely poor. Two patients died without receiving any treatment and one patient was lost to follow-up after refusing all treatment proposed. There appears to be a link between HIV infection and penile cancer with concomitant HIV infection worsening the prognosis of the disease.

  7. 楚髹漆家具纹饰之美%The beautiful of Chu state lacquer furniture decoration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程艳萍

    2008-01-01

    楚髹漆家具纹饰是楚艺术精神在器物上的投射。这些纹饰或表现为自然性纹样,或表现为几何形纹样,或表现为人物行为纹样,把楚人的生活装饰得多彩而又浪漫神秘。透过这些神秘奇诡、自由浪漫、轻扬舒卷、飞动飘逸的纹样,我们仿佛看到了上古时期具有丰厚原始文化遗存的楚民族生存活动的历史全貌。

  8. Properties of Sub-Wavelength Spherical Antennas With Arbitrarily Lossy Magnetodielectric Cores Approaching the Chu Lower Bound

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Troels Vejle; Kim, Oleksiy S.; Breinbjerg, Olav

    2014-01-01

    For a spherical antenna exciting any arbitrary spherical mode, we derive exact closed-form expressions for the dissipated power and stored energy inside (and outside) the lossy magneto-dielectric spherical core, as well as the radiated power, radiation efficiency, and thus the radiation quality f...

  9. Les infections à Pseudomonas aeruginosa au service des maladies infectieuses du CHU YO, Burkina Faso: à propos deux cas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mamoudou, Savadogo; Lassina, Dao; Fla, Koueta

    2015-01-01

    Nous rapportons deux cas d'infection à Pseudomonas aeruginosa: un cas de méningite et un cas d'infection urinaire. Les auteurs rappellent qu’à côté des étiologies classiques des méningites et des infections urinaires, des germes résistants comme Pseudomonas aeruginosa peuvent être responsables d'infections à localisation méningées et urinaires et dont il faut connaître pour une bonne prise en charge. Le traitement de ces infections requiert un antibiogramme au regard de la grande capacité de résistance de Pseudomonas aeruginosa en milieu hospitalier. La limitation des gestes invasifs et l'application rigoureuse des mesures de prévention des infections en milieu hospitalier contribueront à lutter efficacement contre ces infections en milieu de soins. PMID:26491521

  10. Phenotypic characterization and adhesive properties of vaginal Candida spp. strains provided by the CHU Farhat Hached (Sousse, Tunisia).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noumi, Emira; Snoussi, Mejdi; Noumi, Inès; Saghrouni, Fatma; Aouni, Mahjoub; Valentin, Eulogio

    2015-01-01

    Vulvovaginal candidiasis is a common infection among women worldwide, being Candida albicans the most commonly isolated species. Therefore, controlling this opportunistic yeast is one of the key factors for reducing nosocomial infection. We investigated several virulence properties of 28 vaginal strains of Candida isolated from Tunisian women suffering from vulvovaginitis. We also analyzed the virulence properties of a clinical Candida krusei strain and five Candida reference strains. Candida strains were subjected to microscopic analysis and culture in Candida ID2 chromogenic medium. The adhesive properties of these strains were estimated by the microtiter plate - the safranin-staining - and the Congo red agar (CRA) methods, for determining yeast ability to form biofilms on biomaterials used in urinary catheter manufacturing. Their potency to produce hydrolytic enzymes was also studied. Our results showed that nine out of the total studied strains produced phospholipase. In addition, very high protease activity was detected in 23 Candida strains. All Candida strains were beta-hemolytic and adhered to polystyrene microtiter plates in varying degrees. Two vaginal C. albicans strains were strongly adhesive to polystyrene and glass slides. Also, our results showed that vaginal Candida strains were more adhesive to the three tested materials than the reference strains. This study shows the presence of a range of virulence and adhesion factors in clinical isolates of vaginal Candida. Consequently, control and treatment of vaginal candidiasis as a means to prevent biofilm formation on urinary catheters is of crucial importance. Copyright © 2013 Revista Iberoamericana de Micología. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  11. 楚国:熊姓的家天下%The State of Chu and the Clan of Surname Xiong (熊)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鄢云辉

    2007-01-01

    “赵钱孙李,周吴郑王……”中国人千百年来凝聚而成的姓氏文化,全部浓缩在了一部《百家姓》中。《百家姓》是中国姓氏文化的结晶,更是中国上下五千年历史发展的缩影。

  12. An Interpretation of Some Words in Chu Bamboo Slips%楚简文字考释(一则)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞绍宏

    2007-01-01

    郭店楚简中的"(亏)",或释为"均",或读为"袀".该字应当隶定为"(巽匀)",在简文中表示"恭敬"意,是一个从"巽"、"匀"声,"巽"亦声的字.究其音读与义训,当与后世汉字中的"恂"相当.

  13. 楚人牲、人殉试探%Analysis of Human Sacrifice and Human Sati in the Regional Culture of Chu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨茂

    2009-01-01

    自春秋中期始,楚人牲、人殉习俗迅速发展,春秋晚期达到鼎盛,战国之世开始衰落.楚人牲包括三种形式,即献俘祭社、祭河神和奠基牲.根据殉人身份不同,楚人殉分为三类,妻妾从死、嬖宠从死和奴隶从死.与秦文化区相比,楚人牲、人殉习俗较为少见,这与楚国进步人士反对、人本主义思想的发展以及俑葬的兴起等相关.

  14. [Peutz-Jeghers syndrome manifested as massive melæna at CHU-JRA Madagascar hospital: a case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinetti, Andrianimaro Florelia; Andriantsoa, Rasoanaivo Mamy; Andriambelo, Rajaonera Tovohery; Nicole, Rakotoarison Ratsaraharimanana Cathérine; Enintsoa, Raveloson Nasolotsiry

    2016-01-01

    Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (SPJ) is characterized by intestinal hamartomatous polyps in association with mucocutaneous lentiginosis. Patients are exposed to mechanical and bleeding complications. It is a cancer predisposition syndrome. Our study highlights the diagnostic criteria for Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (SPJ), the complications and the therapeutic progresses in patient care. We report the case of a 32-year-old male presenting with a massive melaena. It was hospitalized in the surgical intensive care unit with hypovolemic shock difficult to control. This required surgical intervention to stop bleeding. We found a hamartomatous polyps in the small intestine which caused bleeding. Peutz Jeghers Syndrome was diagnosed on the basis of labial lentigines during childhood. Clinical and paraclinical explorations did not reveal the presence of cancer. In Madagascar, this disease is still poorly understood. In the literature, the diagnosis of Peutz Jeghers syndrome is based on clinical findings or on the presence of complications such as haemorrhage, invagination or bowel obstruction. In our case, the disease was complicated by gastrointestinal bleeding with hypovolemic shock. Endoscopic polypectomy using double-balloon enteroscopy can reduce emergency small bowel surgery. Peutz-Jeghers syndrome is a rare disease. Despite this, it is important for clinicians to know it and to take it into consideration in case of gastrointestinal bleeding.

  15. Pow, Punch, Pika, and Chu : The Structure of Sound Effects in Genres of American Comics and Japanese Manga

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pratha, Nimish K.; Avunjian, Natalie; Cohn, Neil

    2016-01-01

    As multimodal works, comics are characterized as much by their use of language as by the style of their images. Sound effects in particular are exemplary of comics’ language-use, and we explored this facet of comics by analyzing a corpus of books from genres in the United States (mainstream and

  16. Study of the Romance of Emperor Xiangwang of the Chu Kingdom%襄王云雨辨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴宗海

    2006-01-01

    自从宋玉《高唐赋》面世后,“巫山神女”、“云雨”、“阳台”等词,常见于古诗词曲,小说中更多。例如李白《清平调三章》之二:“云雨巫山枉断肠”、李商隐《无题》:“神女生涯元是梦”等。但关于这场男女欢会的男主角,有人却说是楚襄王,如李白《襄阳歌》:“襄王云雨今安在?”还有多人,暂不举。

  17. The on-orbit calibration of geometric parameters of the Tian-Hui 1 (TH-1) satellite

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jianrong; Wang, Renxiang; Hu, Xin; Su, Zhongbo

    2017-02-01

    The on-orbit calibration of geometric parameters is a key step in improving the location accuracy of satellite images without using Ground Control Points (GCPs). Most methods of on-orbit calibration are based on the self-calibration using additional parameters. When using additional parameters, different number of additional parameters may lead to different results. The triangulation bundle adjustment is another way to calibrate the geometric parameters of camera, which can describe the changes in each geometric parameter. When triangulation bundle adjustment method is applied to calibrate geometric parameters, a prerequisite is that the strip model can avoid systematic deformation caused by the rate of attitude changes. Concerning the stereo camera, the influence of the intersection angle should be considered during calibration. The Equivalent Frame Photo (EFP) bundle adjustment based on the Line-Matrix CCD (LMCCD) image can solve the systematic distortion of the strip model, and obtain high accuracy location without using GCPs. In this paper, the triangulation bundle adjustment is used to calibrate the geometric parameters of TH-1 satellite cameras based on LMCCD image. During the bundle adjustment, the three-line array cameras are reconstructed by adopting the principle of inverse triangulation. Finally, the geometric accuracy is validated before and after on-orbit calibration using 5 testing fields. After on-orbit calibration, the 3D geometric accuracy is improved to 11.8 m from 170 m. The results show that the location accuracy of TH-1 without using GCPs is significantly improved using the on-orbit calibration of the geometric parameters.

  18. Islamism and Hui Nationality Costume and Culture%伊斯兰教与回族服饰文化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘军

    2005-01-01

    伊斯兰教是回族文化的源头与核心.伊斯兰教对回族服饰文化有着广泛而深刻的影响.其影响的途径和方式有多种.在新的历史条件下,伊斯兰教仍不失为回族传统服饰文化传承发展的保障.

  19. Essai sur le don d'ovocytes : questionnements éthiques dans le monde d’aujourd’hui

    OpenAIRE

    Chevallier, Betty,

    2011-01-01

    Reproductive technology, in particular oocyte or egg donation, upsets the meaning of parenthood and raises questions about the circumstances surrounding those who decide to have a child by means of this technology. A woman using egg donation must come to grips with questions such as the meaning of life, and what it means to be a mother. But it also requires that society become aware of what is morally acceptable. Is it morally acceptable for the egg donor to give her eggs to anotherwoman who ...

  20. 影视人类学与当代回族研究%Visual Anthropology and the Hui Current Studies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨德亮

    2007-01-01

    人类学影片以无可替代的优势和独特的表达方式,成为人类学家观察和研究人类社会的有效载体和工具.影视手法在国内外人类学界成功运用并取得良好绩效的状况下,却没有受到回族学界足够的重视.回顾回族学的发展历程,表现出过于重文献、重史之研究,而田野作业、实证研究和民族志等方面则显得相对薄弱.当下回族研究应尽快自我补课,眼下最紧迫的工作是,与影视人类学结合起来,在抢救非物文化遗产、制作民族志电影以及回族文化解释等方面有所作为.

  1. Le théâtre hindi aujourd'hui : scnénographie des cultures et du langage

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    After a brief presentation of the history of the Hindi theatre and the relation between the plays staged in theater halls and the folk performances, the chapter deals with two playwriters whose dramatic language has introduced, at the national as well as international level, a palpable renewal. One of them is Habib Tanveer, recently disappeared (June 2009), whom one could roughly situate as a legator of the progressive Indian Popular Theatre Association and militant theatre, the other one est...

  2. Europinė semiotika šiandien | Sémiotique européenne d’aujourd’hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kęstutis Nastopka

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Dans le champ sémiotique, deux approches épistémologiques se distinguent : sémiotique européenne et sémiotique américaine. La sémiotique européenne, issue de la théorie du signe linguistique de Ferdinand de Saussure, dans les années 1960 voit se former deux écoles indépendantes : celle de Paris (de Greimas et celle de Tartou-Moscou (de Lotman.La sémiotique dite « standard » de Greimas présente une théorie du discours envisagé comme un tout de signification. En comprenant la signification comme un processus, Greimas décrit les transformations des significations d’après le modèle du discours mythique élaboré par Vladimir Propp. Le monde est traité comme discontinu et composé d’oppositions. Dans les années 1980 l’école greimassienne passe de la sémiotique de faire à celle d’état, de la discontinuité à la continuité, de l’objet au sujet, de l’énoncé à l’énonciation. Dans la sémiotique des passions au centre du programme narratif se trouve une compétence modale du sujet. Ces derniers temps, parmi les héritiers de Greimas, à côté de la sémiotique tensive qui choisit un métalangage savant et des schématisations un peu arides, apparaît une sémiotique esthésique, issue de De l’imperfection de Greimas.Le concept de systèmes modelants secondaires est devenu une sorte d’emblème de l’école de Tartou. Ce terme détermine des structures communicatives différentes, organisées d’après le modèle des signes linguistiques. A la recherche d’un métalangage scientifique, commun aux diverses disciplines humaines, on s’oriente vers la linguistique structurale et la théorie de l’information. Autour de l’année 1980, dans la sémiotique de Lotman la conception du texte commeune manifestation de la langue est changée par celle du texte qui produit sa propre langue. Le texte est considéré non plus comme un systéme autonome, synchronique mais comme un énoncé, inséparable de la mémoire d’énonciation. De la description des systèmes modelants secondaires on se tourne vers la sémiotique de culture. Le bornage des frontières et la discontinuité sont traités comme des éléments essentiels de la sémiosphère, c’est-à-dire, de l’espace où se réalise la sémiosis.Dans l’article, c’est le choix épistémologique qui est considéré comme une pierre d’achoppement d’un accord entre la sémiotique européenne et celle américaine. Les uns comprennent la signification comme une certaine structure mentale (signifié ou comme un ensemble des traits sémantiques (intension, les autres la conçoivent comme un référent non-linguistique ou comme un ensemble des objets du monde extérieur (extension. La brèche entre l’intension et l’extension peut être remplie par l’instance de l’énonciation. Entre la perception et la signification s’intercale le langage comme une visée intentionnelle du monde. En examinant le rapport entre deux sémiotiques on a recours à l’ouvrage d’Umberto Eco Kant et l’ornithorynque et au roman Le secret du professeur Amfortas d’Eero Tarasti.

  3. La Bob Jones University : hier et aujourd’hui Bob Jones University : Past and Present

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mokhtar Ben Barka

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the separatist beliefs and practices at Bob Jones University. Firstly, it shows that despite the recent changes, this institution still represents the old face of fundamentalist higher education. Secondly, this essay focuses on the controversy around Republican candidate George W. Bush’s appearance at Bob Jones University.

  4. De geest in dit huis is liefderijk: het leven en De Werkplaats van Kees Boeke (1884-1966)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hooghiemstra, D.A.

    2013-01-01

    De christen-pacifist Kees Boeke (1884-1966) wordt wel ‘onderwijshervormer’ genoemd maar hij beoogde niet minder dan de stichting van een nieuwe wereld. Toen de poging om die gemeenschap te stichten mislukte, besloot Boeke een school te stichten waar de ‘nieuwe wereld’ van de grond af opgebouwd moest

  5. Penser les Balkans aujourd'hui : l’orientalisme, le balkanisme, et la question de la modernité

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir Milisavljević

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims at investigating the positions of the Balkans in ourcontemporary world in its continuous change – for instance the rapidEuropeanization for the protection of a common inheritance of Balkancountries. Moreover, this historical heritage is sometimes presented as a simple burden that should be overcome: the name Balkan has negative connotations, being associated with violence or primitivism. The criticism of this type of derogatory discourse called « Balkanism » is built on the deconstruction of Orientalism as initiated in the 70’s by Edward Said. In this paper, we will analyze the various types of possible objections to this Balkan approach (the absence of a colonial past, the non-existence of a « Balkan » academic tradition, the Balkan preciseness as opposed to the Oriental vagueness, as well as their not purely « oriental », yet undetermined character. Furthermore I will present the arguments in favour of another way of interpreting the Balkans which consists in the understanding of thenarrower relation between European modernity and history.

  6. Sarah Mombin, Michèle Rossellini (dir.), Usages des vies. Le biographique hier et aujourd’hui (xviie-

    OpenAIRE

    Crépel, Pierre

    2014-01-01

    Histoire et biographie ont partie liée de mille façons. De Plutarque à Paris-Match, en passant par La Vie de Beethoven de Romain Rolland et le monumental Dictionary of Scientific Biography, dirigé par C.C. Gillispie (1970-1980), on voit bien que la biographie ne se limite pas à un seul « genre ». Les hommes politiques en vue, les historiens, les romanciers, les psychanalystes, les académiciens, les journalistes, les érudits locaux, les « savants sur le retour », ont tous leurs façons d’écrire...

  7. Parent Education in Canada: Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow = L'education parentale au Caanda: Hier, aujourd'hui et demain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skrypnek, Berna J.

    2002-01-01

    Reviews the history of parent education in Canada, describes the current scene, and identifies directions for future development of parent education policy and programming. (Contains 40 references.) (JOW)

  8. L’insularité aujourd’hui : entre mythes et réalités

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thierry Nicolas

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available De nombreuses études, dans des domaines variés (économie, statistiques, géographie…, s’attachent en effet à saisir les contraintes que fait peser la géographie sur la réussite économique des îles. Pour la plupart d’entre elles, l’insularité se présente comme une donnée négative qui génère une série de handicaps difficilement surmontables (exiguïté du territoire, faible peuplement, surcoûts, etc.. Cependant les perspectives de développement de ces territoires isolés en permanence par la mer, dotés de possibilités réduites en termes d’espace, de ressources naturelles ou humaines, ou de taille de marché, ne sont pas systématiquement vouées à l’échec.Numerous studies in various fields (economics, statistics, geography, etc., have attempted to define  the constraints posed by geographic reality on the economic success of the islands. For the most part , these studies present insularity as a handicap difficult to overcome  (limited territorial extent, sparse population, higher costs, etc.. Nevertheless the development prospects of these territories permanently isolated by the sea, with reduced opportunities in terms of space, natural resources or human, or market size, are not necessarily doomed to failure

  9. Think the future to act now; Penser l'avenir pour agir aujourd'hui

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-07-01

    The object of the club 'Energy, prospective and discussions', created in september 1998, is to provide the continuity of the engaged works in the commission 'Energy 2010-2020' and to understand the ideas evolution. The technical progress, the institutions, the shock of the societies and the cultures, of the nature, the world-wide, lead every day to forecasting, which are guidelines for the public decisions, more and more risky. This complexity analysis is needed for a long-dated energy policy. Thus the club analysed and compared the long-dated and international scenario; made the transfer of the information on the development concerning the energy and the environment; defined subjects of discussion; begun and managed scientific studies. This progress report presents the proceedings of the first year of the club. (A.L.B.)

  10. Faire ses courses au Vietnam aujourd’hui : quand les supermarchés touchent aux sens1.

    OpenAIRE

    Figuié, Muriel; Bricas, Nicolas

    2014-01-01

    Les changements rapides du système agro-alimentaire vietnamien, avec notamment le développement de la grande distribution, s’accompagnent d’un changement des modes de qualification des aliments. La vue devient un sens dominant pour évaluer la qualité des produits, alors que le toucher, l’odorat, le goût, voire l’ouïe, étaient largement mobilisés autrefois. La distanciation (physique et cognitive) qui s’opère entre les mangeurs et les produits qu’ils achètent est une façon de lire la modernisa...

  11. Dakhlia Jocelyne, Islamicités, Paris, PUF (Coll. Sociologie d’aujourd’hui, 2005, 161 p.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Élisabeth Longuenesse

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available De livre en livre, c’est le même souci de restituer leur historicité aux sociétés musulmanes qui guide Jocelyne Dakhlia. Dans Le Divan des Rois, elle remettait en question la vision réductrice d’une indissociation du politique et du religieux dans l’Islam et montrait au contraire la grande diversité de leur relation dans l’histoire, la multiplicité des formes qu’ont pu prendre débats et conflits entre souverain et sujets. Dans L’empire des passions, sorti peu avant le présent ouvrage, elle re...

  12. The research on the relationship between Yang Fu’sFigure Ritual and Zhang Huiyan’sFigure Ritual%论杨复《仪礼图》与张惠言《仪礼图》之关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王志阳

    2015-01-01

    The traditions of Chu His School deeply affect the trajectory of ritual studies in the Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties. Yang Fu’sFigure Ritual is the representative of such works. Zhang Huiyan’sFigure Ritul, based on inheriting Yang Fu’sFigure Ritual, develops and innovates, hence becoming the summit of the Chinese traditional rituals. On the one hand, Zhang Hui-yan’sFigure Ritual inherits Yang Fu’s achievement which follows Chu His School’s tradition rooted inYi Li, only that they have different purposes as Zhang Hui-yan focuses on the rituals of practicality while Yang Fu focuses on explanation ofYi Li. On the other hand, Zhang Hui-yan’sFigure Ritualbrings about new achievements which are based on Yang Fu’s achievements. The similarities and differences of the two stem from their respective age cultures.%朱子学派的礼图传统深刻影响了宋、元、明、清各朝的礼学发展轨迹,而杨复《仪礼图》是其代表性作品。张惠言《仪礼图》是在吸收杨复《仪礼图》的基础上创新发展的成果,成为中国传统礼图的高峰之作。张惠言《仪礼图》继承了杨复《仪礼图》立足朱子学派遵循《仪礼》的传统,但张惠言《仪礼图》着重于实用性,而杨复《仪礼图》着力于解读《仪礼》文献,两者之作图目的不同。张惠言《仪礼图》细化与完善了杨复《仪礼图》所建构的礼图体系。两者之异同根源于各自的时代文化。

  13. 《楚辞·天问》之"帝何竺之"试解——兼论贾学鸿《楚辞还须楚语解——篇"帝何竺之"破译》%The Trial Explanations for "Di He Zhu Zhi" in "Chu Ci·Tian Wen"——An Analysis on Jia Xuehong's "Chu Ci Should Be Explained by Chu Language——Explanation for 'Di He Zhu Zhi' in 'Dian Wen' "

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡晓东

    2007-01-01

    《楚辞》是一部在我国历史上有重要影响的先秦典籍,而如何理解却历来是仁者见仁,智者见智.尤其是《楚辞·天问》中的"稷维元子,帝何竺之"句,从古至今都是人们关注的热点之一.本文从语言学角度出发,特别是从我国先秦时期曾经作为"荆楚"民族重要组成部分的苗瑶语出发,认为现代黔东南苗语中汉语词义为"远"或者"疏远" 的[to11]可与"帝何竺之"中的"竺"相对应,亦可从先秦曾与楚民族有广泛联系的壮侗语以及现代汉语的吴、闽方言等对《楚辞》进行研究.

  14. Nobel Prize in Physics 1997 "for development of methods to cool and trap atoms with laser light" : Steven Chu, Claude Cohen-Tannoudji and William D. Phillips

    CERN Multimedia

    Audiovideo service

    1998-01-01

    Prof. C. Cohen-Tannoudji presents "manipulating atoms with light" . By using quasi-resonant exchanges of energy, linear and angular momentum between atoms and photons, it is possible to polarize atoms, to displace their energy levels and to control their position and their velocity. A few physical mechanisms allowing one to trap atoms and to cool them in the microKelvin, and even in the nanoKelvin range, will be described. Various possible applications of such ultracold atoms will be also reviewed.

  15. Change of the electron attachment coefficient caused by corona discharge in oxygen. Sanso gas chu, corona hoden ni yoru denshi fuchaku keisu no henka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kajita, Shogo; Kondo, Yoshitaka; Ushiroda, Sumio (Toyota College of Tech., Aichi (Japan))

    1989-12-01

    The relationship between the electron attachment coefficient of ozone which is one of gases genearated during discharge and the ozone concentration was determined by discharging negative corona discharge in pure oxygen to research and develop a small and highly efficient ozonizer. These measured results are useful as the basic data necessary for simulation of a ozonizer using oxygen as the raw material. The experiment was carried out by releasing photo-electrons generated by pulse glow discharging with a Xe lamp in oxygen sealed into a drifttube, by generating negative ions due to attaching electrons to gaseous molecules and by measuring the induced current accompanied by the transfer. As the results, if ozone of hundreds of ppm is contained in oxygen, followings were confirmed: electron attachment coefficient increased for E/N of about 10Td or less, where E is electric charge and N is molecular density of gas; electron attachment coefficient increased by the dissociative attachment of ozone for E/N of about 10Td or less; and further, the cross section of dissociative attachment for ozone could be estimated by solving the Boltzmann equation. 12 refs., 11 figs., 1 tab.

  16. Příčiny neúspěchu v podnikání konkrétní malé firmy

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    This thesis focuses on finding the possible causes of failure of small businesses. It defines specific situations that may arise during the business of providing hospitality and sports services. It contains opinions of the customers and the employees. The aim of this thess is to assess the situation in a particular small business, to find and to specify the causes of the failure of the company and then to propose possible changes and solutions.

  17. On the Supplements of Bamboo Slips of Chu Tomb at Geling in Xincai%新蔡葛陵楚墓竹简文字补正

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张新俊

    2005-01-01

    新蔡葛陵楚墓竹简是继20世纪50年代信阳长台关之后在河南省境内所发现的又一批重要的战国楚简,最近已经全部发表在一书中.本文主要就文字考释方面,对竹简中的"醯"、"恚"等字做出补正.

  18. Funeral Orations in the Chu State Bamboo Slip Inscriptions from Geling, Xincai%新蔡葛陵楚简中的祭祷文书

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾连敏

    2004-01-01

    本文时新蔡楚简中的一类简进行了初步的分类整理,并对其形制和书体、内容与格式、字词释读及相关问题进行了初步的探讨,认为这类简文是当时的祭祷文书.

  19. La varicocèle de l’adulte: aspects anatomo-cliniques et resultats therapeutiques au service d’urologie-andrologie du CHU de Conakry, Guinee

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.B. Diallo

    2015-06-01

    Conclusion: La varicocèle est une pathologie fréquente dans notre pratique quotidienne; l’infertilité du couple en est la forme de découverte la plus fréquente. Le profil spermatique est celui d’une oligoasthénotératozoospermie. La cure chirurgicale améliore de façon significative la fertilité des patients hypofertiles.

  20. Syndrome hémolytique et urémique de l'enfant au Centre Hospitalier Universitaire (CHU) de Dakar: à propos de quatre observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thiongane, Aliou; Ndongo, Aliou Abdoulaye; Ba, Idrissa Demba; Boiro, Djibril; Faye, Papa Moctar; Keita, Younoussa; Ba, Aïssatou; Cissé, Djeynaba Fafa; Basse, Idrissa; Thiam, Lamine; Ly, Indou Déme; Niang, Babacar; Ba, Abou; Fall, Amadou Lamine; Diouf, Saliou; Ndiaye, Ousmane; Ba, Mamadou; Sarr, Mamadou

    2016-01-01

    Le syndrome hémolytique et urémique (SHU) est une cause fréquente d'insuffisance rénale aiguë (IRA) organique chez l'enfant. C'est une complication évolutive des gastroentérites aiguës (GEA) en particulier à Escherichia coli de l'enfant. Notre objectif était de décrire les aspects cliniques, thérapeutiques et évolutifs de cette affection chez quatre enfants. Nous avions colligé quatre cas de SHU. L’âge moyen était de 10,5 mois (5-15mois) exclusivement des garçons. L'examen clinique retrouvait une anémie de type hémolytique (pâleur et ictére), un syndrome oedémateux avec oligo-anurie (2 cas), une hypertension artérielle (1 patient), une GEA avec déshydratation sévère et choc hypovolémique (2 patients), des troubles de conscience. L'IRA était notée chez tous les patients de même que la thrombopénie et les schizocytes au frottis. Le Coombs direct était négatif. Il y avait une hyperkaliémie (3patients) dont 1 patient supérieure à 9,2 mmol/l, une hyponatrémie à 129mmol/l(1 patient) et une hypernatrémie à 153mmol/l (1 patient). Le shu était secondaire à une pneumonie à pneumocoque (1 patient), une GEA à E. coli (1 patient). Le traitement était essentiellement symptomatique et comprenait la restriction hydrique, la transfusion de concentrés érythrocytaires, les diurétiques, la dialyse péritonéale et l'hémodialyse. L’évolution était marquée par la survenue d'une insuffisance rénale chronique (1 patient) après 6 mois de suivi et la guérison (1 cas). Nous avions noté 3décés. Le SHU est la cause la plus fréquente d'IRA organique du nourrisson. Le diagnostic est essentiellement biologique, le traitement est surtout symptomatique. PMID:27642476

  1. Les cardiopathies de l’enfant au CHU Souro Sanou de Bobo-Dioulasso: aspects échocardiographies et thérapeutiques

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tougouma, Somnoma Jean-Baptiste; Kissou, Senkaye-Lagom Aimé; Yaméogo, Aimé Arsène; Yaméogo, Nobila Valentin; Bama, Aimé; Barro, Makoura; Héma, Arsène; Kaguembèga, Larissa; Nacro, Boubacar

    2016-01-01

    Les cardiopathies de l'enfant déterminent en Afrique un problème de santé publique difficile à prendre en charge, de part la densité de la population jeune, le faible niveau socioéconomique et l'insuffisance de plateaux techniques adaptés. Les auteurs rapportent les aspects échocardiographiques et thérapeutiques des cardiopathies de l'enfant dans le département de pédiatrie du CHUSS de Bobo-Dioulasso. Il s'agissait d'une étude transversale descriptive concernant la période de janvier 2013 à décembre 2014 (24 mois). Elle a consisté en une revue documentaire des comptes rendus d'échocardiographies réalisées chez les enfants de moins de 15 ans dans le laboratoire d'échocardiographie du CHUSS et de leurs dossiers de suivi thérapeutique. Durant la période d'étude, 184 examens écho-cardiographiques avaient été réalisés et permis la mise en évidence de 93 cas de cardiopathies de l'enfant, soit 50,50% des cas. Parmi eux, on distinguait 71% (66/93) de cardiopathies congénitales et 29% (27/93) de cardiopathies acquises. Les cardiopathies congénitales les plus fréquentes étaient : la CIV (27,2%), CIA (10,6%), CAV (7,5%), T4F (9,1%), TAC (6%), formes associées (15%). Les cardiopathies acquises étaient dominées par les valvulopathies rhumatismales (48%), la cardiomyopathie dilatée hypokinétique (33,3%) et la tamponnade péricardite (18,5%). L'indication chirurgicale était posée dans 53,7% (50/93) des cas dont 86% (43/50) de cardiopathies congénitales et 14% (7/50) de cardiopathies acquises. 21% (9/43) des cardiopathies congénitales ont bénéficié d'une chirurgie cardiaque. Aucune cardiopathie acquise d'indication thérapeutique chirurgicale n'avait été opérée. Les cardiopathies de l'enfant sont fréquentes à Bobo-Dioulasso. La conception de stratégies multidisciplinaires associées à une optimisation des moyens devraient améliorer la prise en charge de ces cardiopathies. PMID:28250886

  2. Effect of three cooking methods on nutrient components and antioxidant capacities of bamboo shootPhyllostachys praecox C.D.Chu et C.S.Chao

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jin-jie ZHANG; Rong JI; Ya-qin HU; Jian-chu CHEN; Xing-qian YE

    2011-01-01

    Three cooking methods,namely boiling,steaming,and stir-frying for 5 to 10 min,were used to evaluate the effect on nutrient components,free amino acids,L-ascorbic acid,total phenolic contents,and antioxidant capacities of bamboo shoots (Phyllostachys praecox).Results showed that boiling and stir-frying had a great effect on the nutrient components and they decreased the contents of protein,soluble sugar,and ash,and caused a great loss in the total free amino acids (decreased by 38.35% and 34.86%,respectively).Significant differences (P<0.05) in free amino acids were observed in the samples cooked by different methods.Stir-fried bamboo shoots had a high fat content which increased by 528.57% because of the addition of edible oil.After boiling,the L-ascorbic acid and total phenolic contents were significantly reduced,while steaming increased total phenolic content by 3.98% and stir-frying well-preserved L-ascorbic acid (78.87% of its previous content).Results of the antioxidative property study showed that stir-frying could increase antioxidant capacities of bamboo shoots.It is concluded that stir-frying is more suitable for bamboo shoots because it could obtain the maximum retention of antioxidant capacities.

  3. 越南喃字的发展演变及其文化阐释%Development and Its Cultural Explanation of Chu Nom in Vietnamese

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祁广谋

    2003-01-01

    喃字是越南古代文化的载体之一,是中越文化交流的结果,是越南民族意识增强与民族文化发展的体现.喃字的产生与发展既反映出越南人的民族意识与性格,也反映出越南人对待外来文化尤其是中国文化的观念与处理方式.

  4. Analysis of the pollutant in the environment using supercritical fluid chromatography (SFC); Chorinkai ryutai kuromatogurafui (SFC) wo mochiita kankyo chu no osen busshitsu no bunseki

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kakuchi, T.; Miura, Y. [Hokkaido Univ., Hokkaido (Japan)

    2000-02-05

    The analysis of the organic pollutant in the environment is carried out as the following procedure; the organic substance is extracted by using the organic solvent from a collected sample, an instrument analysis such as gas chromatography (GC) or high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) are done after the clean up the sample by column chromatography. The analysis using supercritical fluid instead of the organic solvent in each stage is supercritical fluid extraction (SFE) or supercritical fluid chromatography (SFC). The supercritical fluid has a density and viscosity coefficient between gas and liquid, and the control of the dissolving power is possible by the change of temperature and pressure. Therefore, it has the advantage as follows: The material mobile speed is high and separation and extraction are rapid; It is easy to adjust the dissolving power and possible to carry out selective separation and extraction; The removal of solvent can be easily carried out since supercritical CO{sub 2} used is a gas in the normal pressure. In this paper, the analytical instrument in which the extraction is carried out in organic solvent and clean up was done in SFC was introduced. (NEDO)

  5. Magnetism and martensitic transformation of iron particles in a copper matrix; Cu boso chu no sekishutsu Fe ryushi no jikiteki henka to marutensaito hentai

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Watanabe, Y. [Hokkaido Univ., Sapporo (Japan). Faculty of Engineering

    1995-07-20

    It is shown that the transformation process of Fe particles in Cu-Fe alloy can be traced by saturation magnetization measurement and magnetic anisotropy measurement. The effect of the magnetic transition of {gamma}-Fe on martensitic transformation and the magnetic field effect of antimagnetic {gamma}-Fe on martensitic transformation are also introduced. As a result of experiment, it is demonstrated that no {alpha}-Fe is formed during the aging up to 2.9Ms. The torque curves obtained by the experiment are analyzed theoretically from the viewpoints of crystalline magnetic anisotropy and shape magnetic anisotropy. The temperature dependency of the amount of martensitic transformation can be expected to change at the Neel temperature. The temperature dependency of yield strength agrees well with the temperature dependency of the amount of martensitic transformation. Simultaneous application of magnetic field and stress results in the induction of the state which causes transformation even below Neel temperature by stress, and it seems that additional magnetic field induced martensitic transformation occurs by the effect of the applied magnetic field. 45 refs., 6 figs.

  6. Aggregation of estimated numbers of undiscovered deposits: an R-script with an example from the Chu Sarysu Basin, Kazakhtan: Chapter B in Global mineral resource assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schuenemeyer, John H.; Zientek, Michael L.; Box, Stephen E.

    2011-01-01

    Mineral resource assessments completed by the U.S. Geological Survey during the past three decades express geologically based estimates of numbers of undiscovered mineral deposits as probability distributions. Numbers of undiscovered deposits of a given type are estimated in geologically defined regions. Using Monte Carlo simulations, these undiscovered deposit estimates are combined with tonnage and grade models to derive a probability distribution describing amounts of commodities and rock that could be present in undiscovered deposits within a study area. In some situations, it is desirable to aggregate the assessment results from several study areas. This report provides a script developed in open-source statistical software, R, that aggregates undiscovered deposit estimates of a given type, assuming independence, total dependence, or some degree of correlation among aggregated areas, given a user-specified correlation matrix.

  7. Coching Chu and the Migration of National Zhejiang University Library%竺可桢与国立浙江大学图书馆的迁移

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋峥嵘; 毛一国

    2011-01-01

    国立浙江大学图书馆的迁移反映了国立浙江大学的迁移.文章依据《竺可桢日记》,建构、叙述了国立浙江大学图书馆迁浙江建德、江西泰和、广西宜山、贵州遵义等的全过程,可以看出竺可桢对国立浙江大学的历史贡献.

  8. 观楚汉战争谈用人之道%A Discussion on the Way of Personnel Placement from the Story "War between Chu and Han"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵列韩

    2003-01-01

    楚汉战争的历史说明用人之道的重要性:首先,楚汉战争胜败的原因就在于用人之道的不同;第二,韩信离项羽而投刘邦是不同用人观的集中表现;第三,忍人之短,用人之长是刘邦用人之道的特点;第四,失去范增是项羽用人之道不正确的关键;第五,刘邦驾驭人才水平较项羽高的原因;第六,以史为鉴重视人才建设.

  9. Effect of fuel composition on poly aromatic hydrocarbons in particulate matter from DI diesel engine; Particulate chu no PAH ni oyobosu nenryo sosei no eikyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tanaka, S.; Tatani, T.; Yoshida, H.; Takizawa, H.; Miyoshi, K.; Ikebe, H. [COSMO Research Institute, Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-10-01

    The effect of fuel composition on poly aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in particulate matter from DI diesel engine was investigated by using deeply desulfurized fuel and model fuel which properties are not interrelated. It was found that the deeply desulfurized fuel have effect on reducing PAH emissions. Furthermore, it was suggested that poly aromatics in the fuel affect PAH emissions and the influence of tri-aromatics in the fuel was promoted by the coexistence of mono-aromatics or naphthene. PAH formation scheme from each fuel component was proposed by chemical thermodynamic data. 4 refs., 8 figs., 3 tabs.

  10. Determinanty úspěchu zemí BRIC na globálním trhu a jejich dopad na světovou ekonomiku

    OpenAIRE

    Mareš, Jan

    2008-01-01

    The BRIC nations are Brazil, Russia, India and China, for the purpose of this thesis I concentrate on Brazil and India. Potential is the word that springs to mind when Brazil and India are mentioned. Brazil and India are developing countries with low GDP per capita (PPP). I demonstrate that Brazil and India have the potential to become world economy leaders in the very near future. This thesis therefore focuses on aspects that have a significant if not a crucial impact on fulfilling the poten...

  11. 屈原楚辞中香草美人意象分析%The Imagery Analysis of Vanilla Beauty in Chu Yuan's chuck

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡伟

    2015-01-01

    屈原在其楚辞作品中,采用了大量的香草美人的意象,创造了中国传统的独特的审美表现观,并影响了后人诗人、小说家的创作理念。其实,屈原楚辞作品中的香草美人意象,是运用比兴的手法表达自我心志愿望的一种艺术方式。但是,这种比兴手法被作者寄托情感有了现实性情感性的意义,而脱离了单纯艺术手法的本身。%In the chick written by Qu Yuan , lots of imagery of vanilla beauty have been adopted . It created a special Chinese traditional view of aesthetic , which have influenced the artistic creation of descendents and writers . This kind of imagery is a kind of artistic method which can use the metaphor and analogy to express one's hope. But , this method which is full of author' emotion has the characteristic of realistic and emotion , out of pure art.

  12. Prise en charge péri opératoire des urgences chirurgicales abdominales chez l’adulte au CHU Aristide Le Dantec

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaye, Ibrahima; Leye, Pape Alassane; Traoré, Mamadou Mour; Ndiaye, Pape Ibrahima; Ba, El Hadji Boubacar; Bah, Mamadou Diawo; Fall, Mouhamed Lamine; Diouf, Elisabeth

    2016-01-01

    La prise en charge périopératoire des urgences chirurgicales abdominales reste une préoccupation majeure des anesthésistes du fait des désordres hémodynamiques et/ou métaboliques souvent présents en préopératoire; mais également des complications postopératoires auxquelles elles sont exposées. Les objectifs de ce travail étaient d'étudier les aspects épidémiologiques, diagnostiques, thérapeutiques et pronostiques des urgences abdominales. Etude rétrospective descriptive sur une période de 6 mois portant sur les patients âgés de plus de 16 ans opérés d'une urgence abdominale à l'hôpital Aristide Le Dantec. Les paramètres étudiés portaient sur les aspects épidémiologiques, diagnostiques, thérapeutiques et pronostiques des urgences chirurgicales abdominales. Nous avions colligé 161 cas, près de 20% de l'activité du service. L'âge moyen était de 41 ans [16, 80 ans]. Le sex ratio était de 2, 9. Le délai moyen de consultation était de 4,6 jours. Les péritonites étaient les pathologies les plus fréquentes (25,5%). La fréquence cardiaque moyenne des patients était de 92 bpm (battements/min)et 97 bpm pour ceux ayant eu une préparation hémodynamique préopératoire. La moyenne de la PAM était de 9,66 cmhg et 8,61 cmhg chez les patients préparés. 49,1% des patients étaient de la classe ASA1, 39,9% ASA2, 8,7% ASA3, 2,5% ASA4 et 0,6% ASA5. Une antibioprophylaxie était faite chez 46,30% des patients et 53,41% d'entre eux avaient eu une antibiothérapie.95,6% des patients avaient eu une anesthésie générale et 4,4% une rachianesthésie. La fréquence des incidents peropératoires était de 11,08%. La morbidité était de 4,3% et la mortalité 4,96%. La prise en charge des urgences chirurgicales abdominales doit être multidisciplinaire impliquant anesthésistes, chirurgiens et biologistes afin de réduire davantage le taux de morbimortalité qui reste de nos jours non négligeable. PMID:27795787

  13. Diagnosis by checking the urine(chu-brtag rig-pa) in Tibetan Medicine%藏医尿诊学研究刍议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄福开

    2007-01-01

    本文在对藏医传统尿诊研究进行全面梳理的基础上,集中探讨了藏医尿诊研究的价值与思路,认为藏医尿诊技术科学内涵丰富,至今仍具有重要的临床应用价值,应该加以系统的整理和研究.

  14. [Evaluation of mixed biofilm formation between Candida albicans and a variety of bacterial species isolated from peripheral catheters at Tlemcen CHU. First study in Algeria].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seghir, A; Boucherit-Otmani, Z; Boucherit, K; Sari-Belkharroubi, L; Anselme-Bertrand, I

    2015-06-01

    Mixed-species biofilms constitute a reservoir of infection for a group of bacteria and yeasts that coexist on the same support. Peripheral venous catheters make up a good surface for the attachment of microorganisms that promote biofilm formation and this requires complex strategies for antimicrobial treatments. No such studies on formation mixed biofilms have ever been conducted in Algeria. Therefore, we evaluated the potential for the formation of mixed-species biofilms by Candida albicans and some bacterial species isolated from peripheral vascular catheters at the University Hospital of Tlemcen, in Algeria. The results obtained showed that C. albicans have the potential to form mixed biofilms with three bacteria (Enterobacter cloacae, Bordetella spp. and Serratia liquefaciens) isolated from the same catheter as the yeasts. The amount of biofilms produced varies depending on the species and the composition of the growth medium. Observations by scanning electron microscopy showed that the structure of the mixed biofilm depends on the surface support the biofilm was formed on, and varies with the species. A competition was noted between bacteria and yeasts; it depends on the composition of the medium and its pH, which both play an important role in promoting the dominance of one over the other. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.

  15. Epidémiologie et facteurs de risque des complications respiratoires majeures après chirurgie de l'aorte abdominale au CHU Ibn Sina, Maroc

    Science.gov (United States)

    Awab, Almahdi; Elahmadi, Brahim; Lamkinsi, Tarik; El Moussaoui, Rachid; El Hijri, Ahmed; Azzouzi, Abderrahim; Alilou, Mustapha

    2013-01-01

    Introduction L'incidence des complications respiratoires postopératoires (CRPO) reste très diversement appréciées selon les critères diagnostiques retenues dans les différentes études, ce qui la fait varier de 5 à plus de 50%. Les CRPO majeurs après chirurgie de l'aorte abdominale sont responsables d'une grande morbi-mortalité pouvant aller jusqu’à 36%, d'une durée d'hospitalisation et d'un coût plus importants. Ainsi dans l'optique d'améliorer notre prise en charge périopératoire de la chirurgie de l'aorte, nous avons décidé de mener une étude pour dresser le profil épidémiologique et déterminer les facteurs de risque des complications respiratoires dans notre contexte Méthodes Il s'agit d'une étude de cohorte rétrospective du mois de Janvier 2007 au mois de décembre 2011 portant sur l'ensemble des patients opérés pour pathologie aortique au bloc opératoire central de l'hôpital Ibn Sina de Rabat, Maroc. Résultats Cent vingt cinq patients ont été inclus dans notre étude, 24 patients ont été opérés pour anévrysme de l'aorte abdominale et 101 patients pour lésion occlusive aortoiliaque. Dans notre série 22 malades soit 17,6% ont présenté une complication respiratoire majeure avec, une reventilation dans 4,8% des cas, une difficulté de sevrage de la ventilation artificielle dans 3,2% des cas, une pneumopathie dans 4% des cas, un syndrome de détresse respiratoire aigue (SDRA) dans 4% des cas et une nécessité de fibroaspiration bronchique dans 1,6% des cas. En analyse univariée: l’âge, la présence d'une BPCO avec dyspnée stade 3 ou 4, la présence d'une anomalie à l'EFR préopératoire, la présence d'un stade avancé (III ou IV) de LOAI et la reprise chirurgicale étaient statistiquement associés à la survenue d'une complication respiratoire postopératoire. En analyse multivariée, seule une anomalie à l'EFR en préopératoire constituait un facteur de risque indépendant de survenue d'une complication respiratoire postopératoire dans notre série avec un Odds Ratio (OR): 11,5; un Intervalle de Confiance (IC) à 95% de (1,6 - 85,2) et un p = 0,016. Conclusion Au terme de notre étude, il nous parait donc nécessaire pour diminuer l'incidence des CRPO majeurs dans notre population, d'agir sur les facteurs que nous jugeons modifiables tel l'amélioration de l’état respiratoire basal moyennant une préparation respiratoire préopératoire, s'intégrant dans un véritable programme de réhabilitation et associant une rééducation à l'effort, une kinésithérapie incitative ainsi qu'une optimisation des thérapeutiques habituelles. PMID:23504435

  16. Évaluation de l'unité spécialisée d'accueil des suicidants adultes au CHU d'Angers

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Serge Fanello; B. Gohier; Elsa Parot; M.C. Gerain; C. Casanova; E. Ricalens; J.B. Garre

    2005-01-01

    ... cent après le premier geste suicidaire. L'hôpital est devenu un lieu de passage incontournable pour les suicidants et des recommandations de bonnes pratiques cliniques ont été récemment proposées en France (1998...

  17. La préservation du capital vasculaire au CHU Ibn Sina de Rabat-Maroc: rôle de l’infirmier

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouattar, Tarik; Bezzaz, Aicha; Abdellaoui, Khalil; Lamchahab, Fatima Ezzahra; Benamar, Loubna; Ezaitouni, Fatima; Hassam, Badredine; Bayahia, Rabia; Ouzeddoun, Naima

    2012-01-01

    Introduction Tout patient ayant une maladie chronique nécessitant des prélèvements sanguins répétés ou des traitements par voie veineuse ou susceptible d’évoluer vers l’insuffisance rénale chronique, doit bénéficier d’une stratégie de préservation de son réseau veineux. Le but de ce travail etait de déterminer le rôle de l’infirmier dans la protection du réseau veineux superficiel. Méthodes Etude transversale réalisée au mois d’Avril 2010 à l’hôpital Ibn Sina de Rabat ayant intéressée les infirmiers exerçant dans différents services prenant en charge des patients ayant des pathologies rénales chroniques ou une maladie générale susceptible de se compliquer d’atteinte rénale. Résultats Parmi les 80 infirmiers sollicités, 66 ont complété le questionnaire avec un âge moyen de 42,7 ±11ans et un sex-ratio à 0,7. L’ancienneté moyenne en soins était de 227,7 ± 116,7 mois. 37 % des infirmiers n’étaient pas informés sur la préservation du capital veineux. Le membre supérieur droit était ponctionné dans 92,3% des cas. Le site de ponction le plus utilisé était le dos de la main dans 84,6 % des cas. La dilatation des veines par le réchauffement était notée dans 63,3% des cas, par passage d’alcool dans 54,5% des cas et l’emploi du garrot était retrouvé dans 95,5% des cas. Les venojects étaient de 18 gauge dans 18,2 % des cas et de 21 gauge dans 81,8% des cas. Les intranules étaient de 18 gauge dans 78,8% des cas et de 20 gauge dans 21,2 % des cas. Durant les six derniers mois avant l’étude, les complications au niveau du site de ponction étaient notées dans 41 % des cas. Conclusion L’information et l’éducation du personnel paramédical sont obligatoires ainsi que l’utilisation des cathéters veineux de petit calibre afin d’assurer cette protection. PMID:22593793

  18. Selection of Special Long Frijole 'Qing Long Chu Hai'%特长架菜豆--青龙出海的选育

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    温海军; 刘喜琴; 张凤龙

    2003-01-01

    @@ 1育种目标 随着农村产业结构的大幅度调整和人们消费水平的提高,市场对商品菜豆的品质、商品性、丰产性、贮放期、耐运性等综合性状的要求越来越高.因此,内蒙古开鲁县蔬菜良种繁育场于1995年开始从事名、特、优、新特长架菜豆品种选育研究,并于2001年成功地选育出了丰产、抗病、适应性广的特长架菜豆新品种--青龙出海.

  19. Environments of Ga in MFI-type Ga-silicates and their catalytic performance; MFI gata Ga-silicate chu no Ga no sonzai jotai to shokubai seino

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nagata, H.; Takiyama, Y.; Higashida, K.; Otsuka, S.; Kishida, M.; Wakabayashi, K. [Kyushu University, Fukuoka (Japan); Shoji, H. [Maruzen Petrochemical Co. Ltd., Chiba (Japan)

    1998-07-01

    MFI-type Ga-silicates (GaS) of varying atomic Si/Ga ratio are synthesized from the gel stocks, to compare them one another for their properties and C4H10 conversion performance. GaS (M) synthesized by the Mobil method shows a broader Ga-MASNMR spectral peak relevant to the GaO4 tetrahedron and lower unit cell increase rate, when it contains a high proportion of Ga, than GaS (A) synthesized by the alkoxide method. It is therefore considered that GaS (M) has an increased content of the GaO4 tetrahedron of low symmetry, as Ga content increases. GaS (M) loses a larger quantity of Ga eluted out as a result of HCl treatment than GaS (A), indicating that the former contains the GaO4 tetrahedron of low symmetry under a less stable condition. GaS (M) gives a higher aromatic hydrocarbon yield in the C4H10 conversion than GaS (A), as its Ga content increases. This results from difference between their dehydrogenation performances, indicating that Ga in the GaO4 tetrahedron of lower symmetry has a higher dehydrogenation performance. 19 refs., 6 figs., 3 tabs.

  20. Management current land use of perennial industrial crops by NDVI index: A case study in Chu Se District, Gia Lai Province, Vietnam

    OpenAIRE

    Nguyen, Hoang Khanh Linh; Nguyen, Bich Ngoc

    2015-01-01

    Remote sensing and Geographic Information System (GIS) - an effective tool for managing naturalresources, is quite common application in establishing thematic maps. However, the application of this modern technology in natural resource management has not yet been popular in Vietnam, particularly mapping the land use/cover. Currently, land use/cover map is constructed as traditional methods and gets limitations of management counting due to time-consuming for mapping andsynthesis the status of...

  1. Facteurs liés au diagnostic tardif du cancer du sein: expérience du CHU Mohammed VI Marrakech

    OpenAIRE

    Aloulou, Sofia; El Mahfoudi, Amal; El Omrani, Abdelhamid; Khouchani, Mouna

    2015-01-01

    Le cancer du sein est le premier cancer féminin en termes d'incidence et de mortalité. Au Maroc, il vient au premier rang des cancers de la femme avant celui du col utérin Il constitue un problème de santé publique. Son pronostic est étroitement lié au stade auquel le diagnostic est posé. Il s'agit d'une pathologie dont les moyens diagnostiques sont de nos jours développés, allant de la détection précoce à la mise en évidence de lésions infra-cliniques, ce qui a nettement amélioré le pronosti...

  2. Syndrome hémolytique et urémique de l'enfant au Centre Hospitalier Universitaire (CHU) de Dakar: à propos de quatre observations

    OpenAIRE

    Thiongane, Aliou; Ndongo, Aliou Abdoulaye; Ba, Idrissa Demba; Boiro, Djibril; Faye, Papa Moctar; Keita, Younoussa; Ba, Aïssatou; Cissé, Djeynaba Fafa; Basse, Idrissa; Thiam, Lamine; Ly, Indou Déme; Niang, Babacar; Ba, Abou; Fall, Amadou Lamine; Diouf, Saliou

    2016-01-01

    Le syndrome hémolytique et urémique (SHU) est une cause fréquente d'insuffisance rénale aiguë (IRA) organique chez l'enfant. C'est une complication évolutive des gastroentérites aiguës (GEA) en particulier à Escherichia coli de l'enfant. Notre objectif était de décrire les aspects cliniques, thérapeutiques et évolutifs de cette affection chez quatre enfants. Nous avions colligé quatre cas de SHU. L’âge moyen était de 10,5 mois (5-15mois) exclusivement des garçons. L'examen clinique retrouvait...

  3. Fièvre bilieuse hémoglobinurique (FBH) de révélation tardive: à propos d'un cas au CHU de Dakar

    OpenAIRE

    Thiongane, Aliou; Ndongo, Aliou Abdoulaye; Faye, Papa Moctar; Sylla, Assane; Kéïta, Younoussa; Boiro, Djibril; Basse, Idrissa; Guèye, Ndèye Ramatoulaye Diagne; Ndiaye, Ousmane

    2015-01-01

    La fièvre bilieuse hémoglobinurique (FBH) est une forme grave du paludisme; caractérisée par la survenue d'une hémolyse intravasculaire aiguë se traduisant par une anémie hémolytique, une insuffisance rénale aiguë et une hypovolémie. Son diagnostic repose essentiellement sur la clinique notamment la couleur des urines d'aspect rouge porto. Nous rapportons un cas de fièvre bilieuse hémoglobinurique chez un jeune garçon de 10 ans originaire et vivant dans une zone d'endémie palustre, colligé da...

  4. On Wu Ding's Crusade against Two Kingdoms:Jing and Chu%商王武丁 奋伐荆楚

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高应勤

    2005-01-01

    商王武丁征伐荆楚之事,在甲骨文、古文献及考古材料中有迹可寻.武王南征的原因有二:主要是到南方寻找铜矿、锡、铅等战略资源;扩展疆土,巩固其共主地位也是原因之一.

  5. 75 FR 69160 - Quarterly Publication of Individuals, Who Have Chosen To Expatriate, as Required by Section 6039G

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-10

    ... Kington Kin Bong Hui Kwok-Kit Hui Man Yan Mark Hui Ng Suk Ha Hung Janet Yi Kui Hung San-Hsiung Husain Syed... Dalina Abdul Sarmiento Sonia Satrap Alireza Saumweber Helena Maria Schatz John Barkley Scherer...

  6. Les gestes éco citoyens ou de la citoyenneté d’aujourd’hui à la responsabilité de demain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lise Moutamalle

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available I. Des gestes écocitoyens : pourquoi ?Le concept d’écocitoyenneté est en partie issu de la prise de conscience des impacts des activités humaines sur les écosystèmes et de la volonté de favoriser la participation du citoyen aux choses de la cité, mais surtout aux choses dont il est le seul responsable.L’écocitoyenneté se fonde sur la reconnaissance par l’homme de sa responsabilité vis-à-vis de la destruction de son milieu et sur sa capacité à mettre en œuvre un comportement et des gestes qui ...

  7. Purification and Molecular Weight Determination of HUI DONG Truffles Polysaccharide%会东块菌多糖的纯化及其分子量测定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张世奇

    2010-01-01

    本研究采用DEAE-52纤维素拄及SephadexG-100柱从会东块菌水提物中分离纯化得到两种块菌多糖PST-W、PST-A.经高效液相色谱法(HPLC)鉴定,这两种多糖均为单一组分,且PST-W分子量为128059.9 Da;PST-A分子量为729140.5Da.

  8. L'enseignement de la langue maternelle dans les ecoles francaise aujourd'hui (The Teaching of the Native Language in French Schools Today).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marchand, Frank

    1979-01-01

    Describes the three methods of teaching French in elementary schools in France: the traditional, the Freinet, and the "Plan de renovation pour l'enseignement du francais." A description of a model for the l980s is given. Techniques influenced by sociolinguistics seem most suited to replace traditional methodology. (AMH)

  9. Ancient engineering geology projects in China; A canal system in Ganzu province and trenches along the Great Wall in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallace, R.E.; Bucknam, R.C.; Hanks, T.C.

    1994-01-01

    Two major construction projects of ancient times in China involved what today would be considered engineering geology. We describe an ancient canal system in Gaotai County, Gansu province that was possibly begun in the Han dynasty (206 BC-220 AD). The canal system heads at the Dasha River and extends northwestward for about 55 km to the City of Camels and Xusanwan village. Four parallel canals are present at the local site we examined. The canals were likely built primarily to transport water but may also have served as defensive military barriers. A second project involves trenches and berms along the north side of the Great Wall, clearly part of the Great Wall defensive system. This site is in Ningxia Autonomous Region near the town of Shizuishan. ?? 1994.

  10. Research on the Choreographing of Square Dance in Xinjiang Hui Nationality%新疆回族健身广场舞的创编研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚霞

    2016-01-01

    回族是新疆少数民族人群之一,新疆回族文化源远流长,为了更好的将新疆回族少数民族文化传承,使全民健身活动更好地发展,为新疆健身广场舞的建设提供帮助,本文通过文献资料法、访谈法以及观察法对新疆回族舞蹈中的舞蹈动作进行剖析、整理,将新疆回族舞蹈动作与健身操的基本特征相结合,创编出具有新疆回族风格的新疆回族健身广场舞,新疆回族健身广场舞套路根据难易程度分为初级、中级、高级,以便不同的人群参与和选择,具有一定的健身效果.

  11. Les sources de financement légal et illégal des groupes terroristes d´aujourd´hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gema Sánchez Medero

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Dans cet article on analysera comment sont financés dans le monde actuel les groupesterroristes, comment font-ils pour transférer cet argent et quelles sont les mesures qu’ona adopté pour prévoir et bloquer ces sources de financement légal et illégal. Peut-être,ce point est l’un de moins étudiés par les spécialistes en la matière, mais il s’avère d’importancevitale, puis que les organisations terroristes, comme les autres organisations,ont besoin d’une série de ressources pour être maintenues et pour développer leursactivités; il s’ensuit qu’il est fondamental de connaître comme on finance ces groupespour pouvoir les combattre et leur mettre limite.

  12. University Programs in Home Economics: Past, Present and Future = Les programmes universitaires d'economie familiale: hier, aujourd'hui et demain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berry, Ruth E.

    2000-01-01

    Follows the history of home economics programs in Canada at the postsecondary level from 1902 to the present restructuring that is taking place in many universities. Suggests that the present position of the field is precarious and young scholars must be encouraged to enter it and become successful teachers and researchers. (JOW)

  13. Textual research of 1219 A.D. Guyuan earthquake in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China and discussion on its causative structure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YUAN Dao-yang; LEI Zhong-sheng; ZHANG Jun-ling; LIU Bai-chi; LIANG Ming-jian

    2008-01-01

    On the basis of textual research on the historical earthquake data and the field investigation of 1219 A.D. Guyuan earthquake, we suggest that there is only one strong earthquake occurred in Guyuan area in 1219 A.D., instead of two or three strong earthquakes. We further suggest that the earthquake parameters recorded in the present earthquake catalogs are not defimite and should be modified. The occurrence time of this earthquake should be about Ⅱ am, August 7, 1219 A.D. and the heavily-damaged area of this earthquake, the Ⅷ intensity area, should be located among the regions of Guyuan, Pingliang and Longde county cities. The epicenter area should be near Guyuan city. The magnitude of this earthquake is about 7 and it has intensity about larger than or equal to IX within the epicenter area. The major axis direction of the heavily-damaged area strikes in north-northwest that is approximately consistent with the strike of the Liupan Shan thrust fault zone. The new tectonic activity of the Liupan Shan thrust fault zone resulted in the M7 Guyuan earthquake in 1219 A.D.

  14. Références bibliographiques du dossier « Les grands débats éducatifs aujourd’hui »

    OpenAIRE

    Vervisch-Lestrade, Maryannick

    2013-01-01

    Cette bibliographie thématique présente une sélection de documents récents, français et étrangers, consultables au CIEP. Liée au dossier de la revue, elle est organisée par rapport à la logique de celui-ci. La plupart des références y sont donc classées selon l’ordre alphabétique des grandes régions du monde, les documents présentant un caractère international figurant en tête de la liste. International BANQUE MONDIALE. Priorités et stratégies pour l’éducation : une étude de la Banque mondial...

  15. 流域差别化环境管理研究%Research on Watershed-Differentiated Environmental Management LUO Hong, FENG Hui-juan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗宏; 冯慧娟

    2011-01-01

    按照自然规律和经济规律要求对流域实施差别化环境管理,是提高流域环境管理针对性、有效性,改善环境管理效率和效果的必然选择.通过对流域差别化管理在系统论和行为经济学的理论剖析,以及流域在地理要素、功能和经济发展上的地域分异性特征分析,提出"分域、分区、分序、分期、分类、分级、分责、分权、分策"的"九分"原则.在"九分"原则指导下,从划分流域环境经济功能区、优化流域环境管理手段、创造流域差别化环境管理的实施条件等方面,体现流域差别化环境管理思想并保证其得以顺利实施.%Watershed-differentiated environmental management is an inevitable choice for improving pertinence, validity, efficiency and effects of environmental management according to the rules of nature and economy. Through analyzing system theory, behavior economics theory and the features of differentiated geographic factors, function, and economic development, the "nine divisions" concept of watershed-differentiated environmental management was put forward. The "nine divisions" are basin division, area division, sequence division, stage division, kind division, class division, responsibility division, authority division and policy division.Under the guidance of the "nine divisions", mechanisms including repartitioning environmental economic functional area,optimizing watershed environmental management instruments and creating executable conditions for watershed-differentiated environmental management can embody the thoughts of differentiated watershed environmental management and assure healthily implemented differentiated management.

  16. Het huis en de regels van het denken : Een cultuurhistorisch onderzoek naar het werk van Simon Stevin, Jacob Cats en Pieter de Hoogh

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mare, de H.

    2003-01-01

    Comparative analysis of early modern Dutch arts (architecture, literature, painting). Development of a historical formalist method, based on historical source criticism, history of science and archaeology on the one hand and Russian formalism, French semiology and structuralism on the other hand. I

  17. Les publications officielles du Club alpin austro-allemand (DÖAV et du DAV chilien depuis leurs créations jusqu’à aujourd’hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michel Mestre

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available J’ai déjà eu l’occasion à au moins deux reprises de parler des publications du DÖAV et je ne voudrais pas reprendre tels quels ces éléments d’information, d’autant plus qu’existe une étude de synthèse, celle de Helmut Zebhauser, qui est fort bien documentée : il me paraît donc inutile de refaire ce travail, le résumer suffira ici. En revanche il était bon de donner un aperçu des publications des clubs germanophones depuis la fin de la Seconde Guerre mondiale, objet de la deuxième partie. Enfi...

  18. Revue Imaginaires n°19 « Pop Culture ! Les Cultures populaires aujourd’hui. »

    OpenAIRE

    Labarre, Nicolas

    2017-01-01

    Ce numéro de la revue Imaginaires, à la couverture des plus réussies, ambitionne d’« interroger à nouveau le concept de "culture populaire" » (10). Il propose pour ce faire une sélection raisonnée de travaux présentés dans le cadre du séminaire « Cultures populaires » du laboratoire interdisciplinaire CIRLEP de l’université de Reims, précédée d’une introduction générale co-signée par les deux animateurs du séminaire, Sylvie Mikovski, et Yann Philippe, spécialistes respectivement d’études irla...

  19. Were the tropics significantly cooler during the last glacial maximum?; Des tropiques plus frais qu`aujourd`hui au dernier maximum glaciaire?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stute, M. [Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, New York (United States)

    1998-12-31

    A paleo-temperature record derived from noble gases dissolved in groundwater indicates that lowland equatorial Brazil has been about 5 deg C cooler during the glacial maximum that today. This new evidence contradicts the long-held belief that the tropical regions maintained their warm climate during the last glacial maximum. It appears now that the tropical Americas are characterized by a temperature sensitivity comparable to that in higher latitudes. (author) 14 refs.

  20. Photovoltaics in Algeria, today's experiences and perspectives of tomorrow; Le photovoltaique en Algerie, experiences d'aujourd'hui et perspectives de demain

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sahouane, Mehdi

    2010-09-15

    The communication describes Algeria's experience in the use of photovoltaics, principal renewable energy type used in the country, through the electrification of around 900 homes in 18 villages. This realization represents one of the largest projects accomplished by public powers in this domain with an installed power of 453KWc, which corresponds to 20% of the solar power currently exploited. Actions for the development of renewable energy in terms of realizations and regulations are listed, explaining the energy policy of Algeria which has fixed its contribution to the national energy balance at a level of 5% for 2017. [French] La communication decrit l'experience de l'Algerie dans l'utilisation du photovoltaique, principal type d'energie renouvelable utilisee dans le pays, a travers l'electrification d'environs 900 foyers repartis sur 18 villages. Cette realisation represente l'un des plus grands projets accomplis par les pouvoirs publics dans ce domaine avec une puissance installee de 453 KWc ce qui correspond a 20% de la puissance solaire presentement exploitee. Les actions destinees au developpement des energies renouvelables en matiere de realisations et reglementation sont citees explicitant la politique energetique de l'Algerie qui se fixe un taux de contribution au bilan energetique national de 5% pour 2017.

  1. Artistic Style and Cultural Background of HuiShan Clay Dolly%浅谈惠山泥人的文化背景及艺术特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱岸静

    2007-01-01

    彩塑是中国最古老的民间艺术之一.惠山泥人在彩塑发展中形成了独自鲜明的艺术风格及特征.本文从惠山泥人的起源和发展,惠山泥人的造型和用色等方面对惠山泥人的艺术特征和文化背景进行了初步的探讨.

  2. 韩非的德法观%On Han Fei's "moral" and "law" concept JIN Hao-hui

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    靳浩辉

    2011-01-01

    Han Fei's"moral"and"law"concept is based on"everyone has a selfish heart"of human nature.He criticized the Confucian ethics and thinking of "rule by virtue",transforming the concept of moral by legalist way,which is not to deny the moral.Han Fei hopes to achieve ideal moral realm through the rule of law.Law,method and tendency of the governing policies is based on Han Fei's"moral"and"law"concept.Han Fei's"moral"and"law"concept has a profound influence on the development of history,and inspired China's socialist construction.%韩非的德法观是建立在"人皆挟自为心"的人性论之上的,他对儒家的道德仁义和"德治"思想的批判、对道德概念的法家式改造,并不是为了否定道德自身,而是希望通过法治实现理想的道德境界。韩非德法观发展的结果是以法为主、法术势相结合的统治理念的提出,其"德""法"观对后来历史的发展影响深远,并对当代中国治国方略的抉择多有鉴借。

  3. Hui Muslims’Circumcision Ceremony in Xingjing Town%宁夏兴泾镇回族的割礼仪式解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周晶; 陶瑞

    2016-01-01

    Male circumcision,which is commonly found in human society,is a rite of passage. On the basis of main-taining the traditional Islamic religious tradition,by the influence of historical and social factors,the Muslim circumcision ceremony had local circumstances and ethnic characteristics. Circumcision is a Muslim rite with specific the symbolism of cleanness. Circumcision is not only a beneficial to health of hygiene practices,but also a cultural phenomenon of the flow-ing through the gift. It maintains in everyday life of the relatives and friends to the indivisible relationship.%普遍存在于人类社会中的男性割礼是对男性生殖器包皮进行切割的成人仪式。在维系伊斯兰教宗教传统的基础上,受历史和社会因素的影响,回族穆斯林的割礼仪式有了地方性情节和民族性特征。割礼是穆斯林的一项圣行,具有干净与洁净的象征意义。同时,割礼不仅是一种有益于男性身体健康的卫生习俗,也是人们通过礼物流动而采借的文化现象,它维系着日常生活中亲友之间难以割舍的亲密关系。

  4. Association of CYP1B1 Polymorphisms with Breast Cancer: A Case-Control Study in the Han Population in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, P. R. China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haiyan Jiao

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Studies investigating possible associations between cytochrome P4501B1 (CYP1B1 polymorphisms and breast cancer risk have been inconsistent. We set out to ascertain whether there might be an association between polymorphisms in exon 2 (codon 119, G→T and exon 3 (codon 432, G→C of CYP1B1 and breast cancer in a Chinese Han population in the rural region of Ningxia. Using an allele-specific polymerase chain reaction method and direct DNA sequencing, the presence or absence of the two CYP1B1 polymorphisms was investigated. Genotype and allele frequencies were analyzed in breast cancer cases (n = 152 and healthy age-matched controls (n = 156. The odds ratio (OR of 119G→T or 432G→C in breast cancer cases and controls was 3.3 (95% CI: 1.28 to 8.28 and 2.8 (95% CI: 1.04 to 7.51, respectively. In addition, the OR for people with both polymorphisms (119T and 432C was 4.69 (95% CI: 1.97 to 11.19. Our results suggest that certain polymorphisms in the CYP1B1 gene might increase risk for breast cancer among Han Chinese, perhaps because they influence the efficiency of CYP1B1 bio-transformation of oestrogens or pro-carcinogens into DNA- reactive electrophiles that may act as cancer-initiating agents.

  5. Association of CYP1B1 Polymorphisms with Breast Cancer: A Case-Control Study in the Han Population in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, P. R. China

    OpenAIRE

    Haiyan Jiao; Chunlian Liu; Weidong Guo; Liang Peng; Yintao Chen; Martin, Francis L.

    2010-01-01

    Studies investigating possible associations between cytochrome P4501B1 (CYP1B1) polymorphisms and breast cancer risk have been inconsistent. We set out to ascertain whether there might be an association between polymorphisms in exon 2 (codon 119, G→T) and exon 3 (codon 432, G→C) of CYP1B1 and breast cancer in a Chinese Han population in the rural region of Ningxia. Using an allele-specific polymerase chain reaction method and direct DNA sequencing, the presence or absence of the two CYP1B1 po...

  6. The Function of the Hui Nationality Islamic Laws of the Customs%回族伊斯兰习惯法的功能

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨经德

    2003-01-01

    回族伊斯兰习惯法以回族社会为基础,有其功能发生的根据,但由于回族伊斯兰习惯法处于国家法的规范和约束之下,从文化的角度看,它处于一种非主流文化状态,其功能主要包括两个方面内容.一为规范功能,包括心理调适、行为导向、民族凝聚、秩序稳定、文化传承等功能;一为公共功能,主要表现在政治、经济、宗教、道德、法治等领域.在现实条件下,回族伊斯兰习惯法功能中的反功能和非功能或不发生作用,或影响无足轻重.

  7. The current status of coal liquefaction technologies - Panorama 2008; La liquefaction du charbon: ou en est-on aujourd'hui? - Panorama 2008

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-07-01

    In 2008, a first coal liquefaction unit to produce motor fuel (20,000 BPSD) will come on-stream in Shenhua, China (in the Ercos region of Inner Mongolia). Other, more ambitious projects have been announced in China for between now and 2020. Since oil production is expected to peak in the medium term, this technology may develop regionally in the next 20 years to cover ever-increasing demand for motor fuel.

  8. 近年回族作家中短篇小说创作片谈%Brief Notes on Novella by Hui Nationality Writers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢友祥

    2003-01-01

    近年回族作家的中短篇小说创作是独树一帜的,有着自己的人文追求和审美取向,至少可以用"洁净"来概括它某个方面的特征.它对生命的关怀、对包括本民族在内的中国人未来精神走向的关注、对伊斯兰文化智慧的张扬和守望价值的胆识,意义重大.

  9. Operational Colour Vision in the Modern Aviation Environment (la Vision des couleurs dans l’environnement aeronautique operationnel d’ aujourd hui)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-03-01

    Streptomycin + II yellow Miscellaneous Cannabis indica + Tobacco (amblyopia) II,III + Sildenafil citrate (Viagra) + II,III Blue, blue-green...see Chapter 5). Dietary deficiency and drug abuse may be overlooked, whilst the effects of Parkinsonism in its commonest manifestation, gross, chronic

  10. Het huis en de regels van het denken : Een cultuurhistorisch onderzoek naar het werk van Simon Stevin, Jacob Cats en Pieter de Hoogh

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mare, de H.

    2003-01-01

    Comparative analysis of early modern Dutch arts (architecture, literature, painting). Development of a historical formalist method, based on historical source criticism, history of science and archaeology on the one hand and Russian formalism, French semiology and structuralism on the other hand.

  11. 民国前期新疆回队初探%Research on Sinkiang Hui Squadron in Earlier Stage of the Republic of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    伏阳

    2011-01-01

    回队是在杨增新治新时期建立并倚重的一支以回族、维吾尔族官兵为主的军队,其军事行动对当时新疆内、外政局产生了重大影响,在民国新疆史上具有重要地位.

  12. La science au(x miroir (s du prince. Savoir et pouvoir dans l'espace arabo-musulman d'hier et d'aujourd'hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdel Wedoud Ould Cheikh

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Le sultan et le savant sont deux figures centrales de la « culture sultanienne » entendue comme un champ de normes et de valeurs présentant une certaine unité dans le monde arabo-musulman. Il y a entre ces deux figures une tension fondamentale, le clerc-savant étant seul autorisé à sermonner le détenteur du pouvoir au nom du savoir et de la justice. Dans la réalité actuelle des pays arabo-musulmans — illustrée ici par le cas de la Mauritanie —, la massification d'un enseignement fortement imprégné de tradition en même temps que socialement dévalué contribue sans doute à l'émergence d'une mouvance contestataire islamiste qui s'inscrit, sur un mode collectif, dans la continuité des admonestations du clerc censeur s'opposant aux dérives du sultan.

  13. Ewa Bogalska-Martin (dir.), Être Noir Au Brésil Aujourd'hui. Identités et mémoires en mutation

    OpenAIRE

    Magdy, Mayada

    2015-01-01

    « Quand Ti-maître eut la certitude que le Noir pourrait apprendre, il cessa le jeu. Oui, le Noir apprenait ! », L’Histoire de Ponciá, Conceição Evaristo. En 2003, l’écrivaine brésilienne - Conceição Evaristo - a publié son roman qui porte sur le parcours de vie d’une petite-fille d’esclaves. Traduit en plusieurs langues, ce roman fait partie des œuvres stimulantes dans la littérature afrodescendante au Brésil. Dans le champ académique, plusieurs chercheurs abordent la question raciale, et sur...

  14. The Construction of Islamic Social-Cultural Space in a Mixed Community of Hui and Han---the Case of Nagu,Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xue Ximing; Yang Xihao; Ma Chuang

    2015-01-01

    The cultural space of multi ethnic residential regions is always diverse and complicat-ed,and the conflicts and integration of multi cul-tures is the main driving force in the process of constructing cultural space. The structure of this kind of culture space is not always stable or un-changeable. On one hand,the nature of cultural space is that it will exhibit new changes following with a deepening of the degree of integration among various cultures,which in turn might play an ac-tive role on the self-renewal of the cultural space. On the other hand,the dramatic cultural conflict produced from cultural misunderstandings might split the former cultural space,especially if some of the ethnic religions or belief systems are misun-derstood. In this case,ethnic or religious conflicts will be unavoidable—and,this will further influ-ence the social stability of a multi-ethnic country or region. Hence,the research on the form and the mechanism for constructing the cultural space of a multi-ethnic residential community becomes very important.

  15. Wu Shaoxiong,Music of Hui'an Women and Something Else%吴少雄及其《惠安女人》音乐

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁献芝

    2004-01-01

    在第三届全国舞剧观摩演出好戏连台的激烈竞争中,福建省歌舞剧院创作、演出的大型舞剧《惠安女人》荣获“观摩演出大奖”和“观众喜爱剧目奖”两项综合大奖;与此同时,该剧音乐(吴少雄作曲)荣获“最佳作曲奖”。这是作曲家继舞剧《丝海箫音》(和林荣元合作)1992年在第一届全国舞剧观摩演出(比赛)中获作曲首奖之后再捧桂冠。

  16. The Belief Custom of Hui and Their Consume Behaviour%回族信仰习俗与其消费行为

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴汉宝

    2002-01-01

    回族的宗教信仰和习俗构成回族经济的重要组成部分.伊斯兰经济理论影响着其消费心理与行为,分析回族消费者行为模式特点、消费者群体心理与内部规范,加强回族信仰习俗研究,可以不断加快地方经济发展.

  17. Study of Proverty Problems in the Rural Areas of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (part Ⅰ)%宁夏农村贫困问题研究(上)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王治业; 马国义

    1997-01-01

    本文从微观角度,以农村住户调查资料为研究对象,运用现代计算机手段,以定量分析为主线,辅以定性分析,对宁夏农村贫困问题进行了较为深入地研究.首先采用3种方法科学地界定贫困线,接着用12项指标对贫困程度进行测定和综合评价,然后从6个方面对贫困变动的影响因素进行了分析,指出其相关程度,最后提出9条反贫战略措施.本文分两期发表.

  18. 广义杨辉三角与Fibonacci数列的一个关系%The relation between generalized Yang Hui triangle and Fibonacci sequence of numbers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    晁晶晶

    2011-01-01

    Fibonacci数列是一个比较特殊的数列;杨辉三角隐含着许多特殊性质,由一些性质把杨辉三角进行推广就得到广义杨辉三角.将广义杨辉三角与Fibonacci数列结合可以得出以广义杨辉三角中某一行为系数的连续几个Fibonacci数的和的简洁优美的计算公式.

  19. Het huis en de regels van het denken : Een cultuurhistorisch onderzoek naar het werk van Simon Stevin, Jacob Cats en Pieter de Hoogh

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mare, de H.

    2003-01-01

    Comparative analysis of early modern Dutch arts (architecture, literature, painting). Development of a historical formalist method, based on historical source criticism, history of science and archaeology on the one hand and Russian formalism, French semiology and structuralism on the other hand. I

  20. Améliorer votre efficacité techniques d'aujourd'hui pour en faire plus en moins de temps

    CERN Document Server

    Savoyat, Bruno

    2012-01-01

    Quels que soient votre fonction, votre métier ou votre mission dans l'entreprise, ce livre pragmatique peut vous ouvrir les chemins d'une nouvelle vie. Il a été conçu et écrit pour vous rendre service et pour vous aider à gagner en efficacité. Les meilleures pratiques y ont été retenues pour vous. Certaines sont utilisées avec succès par plus d'un million de personnes à travers le monde. Leur mise en oeuvre est simple pour un impact maximal sur votre productivité, sur la qualité de votre travail et sur la satisfaction que vous retirerez de votre quotidien professionnel. Les principes et les conseils d'efficacité décrits dans ce livre peuvent être appliqués seul comme en équipe, et être généralisés à l'ensemble d'une entreprise. Vous pouvez choisir de les découvrir par une lecture du début à la fin, qui vous permettra une révision systématique de votre manière de travailler et de votre potentiel de gains en efficacité. Mais vous pouvez également opter pour une découverte théma...

  1. The Semiotical Analysis on the Headwears of the Hui Nationality%回族头饰的符号学解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马晓玖

    2016-01-01

    作为一支在中国环境下借助伊斯兰文化基因孕育和成形的民族,回族的民俗处处体现着伊斯兰文化的保守和汉文化的儒雅.作为辨别民族身份最直观和清晰的符号,回族服饰以朴实、素雅的风格在中国少数民族中独树一帜,而其中的精髓——头饰,已是回族服饰展现其美学思想和审美能力的灵魂.本文从符号学角度对回族头饰的渊源、设计和社会功能展开解读,以为中国少数民族美学研究增砖添瓦.

  2. A Paragon of Both Scientific Spirit and Humanistic Concern-Coching Chu and The Complete Works of Coching Chu%科学精神与人文关怀的典范--竺可桢和《竺可桢全集》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卞毓麟

    2005-01-01

    @@ 一瓣荐心香 物候贯千载,禹迹穷八荒. 科坛标铁汉,学宇沐春光. 海纳百川大,壁立千仞刚. 浩茫极仰望,一瓣荐心香. 这是中国科学院资深院士王绶琯先生20年前写的一首五律,题为.其中"物候"句谓竺老研究物候学,考据远及古代文献,近至日常记录;"禹迹"句谓竺老主持综合考察,足迹遍及边远地区,故喻之以大禹治水行迹."科坛"两句谓竺老耿直刚正,但对学生后辈呵护备至."海纳百川"又应"学宇"句,"壁立千仞"则应"科坛"句.

  3. Reevaluation of the Historical Achievements of the Chu People——On the Inheritance of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Chu and Han Cultures%对"楚人"创造历史的再评价——兼论楚汉文化的"非物质遗产"继承

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田秉锷

    2007-01-01

    "三户亡秦"之说,流传二千二百多年,被人误解为历史宿命.除列国斗争的背景外,"亡秦"的历史变革以人性升华、人格演变为先导,并触及了"人民"与"英雄"的再评价."一人兴汉"较少疑义,但楚与汉的血脉通亦多被史家忽略,司马迁称刘邦为"大圣",非虚说.历史不再给"楚人"另一个机会,所以楚与汉的后人只好以昨天为自豪,提出"非物质遗产"的继承,为一人文理想.

  4. New Vision of "Chu Ci" Study——Evaluation of Chen Pu-qing's "Nan Chu Wu Ge Hua Wei CI"%《楚辞》研究的新视角——陈蒲清《南楚巫歌化纬辞》评析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张建

    2007-01-01

    研究屈原及其作品已成为学术界十分关注的热门课题,陈蒲清从巫学角度研究《楚辞》,无疑是一种新的视角,亦是一种创新思维.通过对《南楚巫歌化伟辞》一文的剖析,解读其巫歌升华的基本内核.揭示其研究成果的深刻内涵和思想、艺术方面的影响.

  5. 一部引导人们走进《楚辞》艺术殿堂的力作——汤漳平译注《楚辞》研究方法刍议%Interpretation of Chu Ci: a Wonderful Guide to Chu Ci

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林祥征

    2007-01-01

    汤漳平先生译注的综合梳理了前人的研究成果,在运用历史学、哲学、美学、文艺学、民俗学、考古学等理论进行观照的基础上提出了自己独到的见解.在马克思主义唯物史现的指导下,重视历史过程的考察,重视文本的解构,较为准确地把握的精髓.

  6. Neuroprotective effects of salidroside through PI3K/Akt pathway activation in Alzheimer’s disease models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang B

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Bei Zhang,1,2 Ying Wang,1 Hui Li,1 Ran Xiong,1 Zongbo Zhao,1 Xingkun Chu,2 Qiongqiong Li,1 Suya Sun,1 Shengdi Chen1,2 1Department of Neurology, Institute of Neurology, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China; 2Laboratory of Neurodegenerative Diseases, The Institute of Health Sciences, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China Abstract: Alzheimer’s disease (AD is a devastating neurodegenerative disorder characterized by deposits of aggregated amyloid-β (Aβ peptide and neurofibrillary tangles in the brain parenchyma. Despite considerable research to elucidate the pathological mechanisms and identify therapeutic strategies for AD, effective treatments are still lacking. In the present study, we found that salidroside (Sal, a phenylpropanoid glycoside isolated from Rhodiola rosea L., can protect against Aβ-induced neurotoxicity in four transgenic Drosophila AD models. Both longevity and locomotor activity were improved in Sal-fed Drosophila. Sal also decreased Aβ levels and Aβ deposition in brain and ameliorated toxicity in Aβ-treated primary neuronal culture. The neuroprotective effect of Sal was associated with upregulated phosphatidylinositide 3-kinase (PI3K/Akt signaling. Our findings identify a compound that may possess potential therapeutic benefits for AD and other forms of neurodegeneration. Keywords: Alzheimer’s disease, amyloid-β, salidroside, Drosophila, neuroprotective effect

  7. On the Debate Concerning Hui Female Educational Purpose under the System of Different Gender Discourse-as the Center of the Hui Magazines in the Republican Period%不同性别话语体系下回族女子教育宗旨的论争——以民国回族报刊为中心

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘莉

    2013-01-01

    民国时期回族社会女子教育的整体缺乏与落后的现实使得关于女子教育问题的相关讨论成为回族报刊中一个比较显眼的话题,回族社会对女子教育问题从总体上给予了积极的关照.回族男性与女性知识分子的看法不一,女性的观点更理性、更纯粹、更激进,但回族社会总体上是希望通过女子教育来塑造穆斯林家庭中有知识的“新贤妻良母”.回族女性通过接受新式教育发挥家庭主妇的作用来实现女性的社会价值的观点,仍然是回族社会关于女子教育的主流舆论.

  8. 云南藏区"藏回"族群社会结构研究——以香格里拉县哈巴村"藏回"族群为个案%The Social Structure of the "Tibeto-Hui" Group in Yunnan: A Case Study of the Tibeto-Hui Group in Haba Village of Shangri-La

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张实; 李红春

    2009-01-01

    我们对云南迪庆"藏回"族群的社会结构进行了较深入调查,揭示了"藏回"族群的形成是在藏区回族移民和藏族长期频繁的社会交往中,回族对藏族社会生活及文化的积极适应结果,是回族文化多样性的表现.我们研究"藏回"族群结构多元的文化构成,探讨现今"藏回"族群村落社会控制三元结构并存的新问题,提出云南"藏回"是历史上穆斯林积极适应藏区社会文化的产物,是回族的一个亚族群.

  9. Problems in determining residues of inhibitors in raw cows’ milk

    OpenAIRE

    Šalomskienė, Joana; Žvirdauskienė, Renata

    2005-01-01

    Straipsnyje nagrinėjamos inhibitorių karvių piene nustatymo metodų parinkimo ir identifikavimo problemos. Palyginti Lietuvos rinkoje siūlomi nauji testai inhibitoriams žaliame piene nustatyti: mikrobiologiniai, atitinkantys Europos Komisijos sprendimą (91/180/EEB) su Bacillus stearothermophilus var. calidolactis kultūros sporomis, – LPT, MaI-1, Copan, mikrobiologinis su Streptococcus thermophilus kultūra - Valio T 101, fermentinis - Penzym S bei imuninio/receptorių tyrimo (β-STAR, SNAP, ROSA)...

  10. 78 FR 17992 - Additional Designation of Three North Korean Individuals Pursuant to Executive Order 13382

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-25

    ... of State. ACTION: Designation of Pak To-Chun, Chu Kyu-Chang, and O Kuk-Ryol Pursuant to E.O. 13382... with the Secretary of the Treasury and the Attorney General, has determined that Pak To-Chun, Chu Kyu..., Chagang Province, DPRK CHU KYU-CHANG A.K.A.: Chu Kyu-Ch'ang A.K.A.: Ju Kyu-Chang D.O.B.: November 25,...

  11. "疑古"与"走出疑古"的第一次正面交锋——《古史辨》第一册出版八十周年国际学术研讨会综述%The first head-on confrontation between the historical skepticism and "transcending the historical skepticism"——Summary of the International Symposium on the 80th Anniversary of Ku-shih-pien, Vol. 1

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘秀俊

    2007-01-01

    @@ 1923年,顾颉刚先生发表《与钱玄同先生论古史书》一文,质疑"三皇五帝"的旧古史系统,掀起了现代学术史上著名的疑古辨伪运动,引发了学界对古史、古书真伪的激烈讨论.到近70年后的1992年,李学勤先生提出"走出疑古时代"的主张,遂燃起了"疑古"与"走出疑古"的激辩烽烟.

  12. A Brief History of Architectural Development in Chab-mdo District

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tuga

    2004-01-01

    Chab-mdo District is situated in the east of the Tibet Autonomous Region, a part of Khams according to traditional territorial divisions. Owing to the complex landforms and varying climates of the Valleys of Three Rivers (vbri chu ,zla chu and rgyamo rngul chu in Tibetan;orJinsha, Lancang and Nu Rivers in

  13. Contrôle de qualité des produits radio-pharmaceutiques utilisés au Service de medecine nucléaire au CHU de Tlemcen

    OpenAIRE

    BENHADA, Henene; RACHEDI, Chafiqa

    2012-01-01

    Les médicaments radio-pharmaceutiques constituent l'un des outils essentiels des services de Médecine Nucléaire. Ces médicaments sont principalement réservés au diagnostic (95% des applications) mais également à la thérapie (< 5%). De par leur spécificité (administration unique lors d'une exploration fonctionnelle ; durée de vie du médicament courte, du fait du principe même de la radioactivité), les radiopharmaceutiques posent des problèmes quant à la réalisation des tests req...

  14. Ionization current in N2 gas. Part 7. ; Diffusion and reflection of metastable particles. N2 gas chu ni okeru denri denryu. 7. ; Jun antei reiki ryushi no kakusan to hansha

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suzuki, S.; Ito, H.; Sekizawa, H. (Chiba Inst. of Technology, Chiba (Japan)); Ikuta, N. (Tokushima Univ., Tokushima (Japan))

    1993-06-20

    The energy loss process in quenching of excited particles by collision to other ones and solid surfaces was investigated with metastable excited particles formed in weakly ionized gases. The measured lifetime of N2 metastable particles in N2, N2/CO, N2/CH3 gases during Townsent discharge did not agree with the Molnar's theoretical value which was obtained by solving diffusion equations using the boundary condition that assumes the density of excited particles to be zero at electrodes and tube walls. Strange behavior was observed too, that is, coefficients of diffusion and reaction rate determined by the theoretical lifetime change systematically with the distance between electrodes. Then, the novel boundary condition that takes reflection coefficient into account was applied to solve diffusion equations. The results obtained could account for experimental results without any discrepancy. The analysis of results clarified the dependence of various parameters of metastable excited particles on the reflection coefficient. The increase of reflection coefficient decreases the surface quenching of excited particles at electrodes and elongs effectively excited lifetime and increases the number of collisional quenching in gas phases. 16 refs., 8 figs.

  15. 葛陵楚简历日"癸嬛"应为"癸巳"解%Explanation the Calendar Day "癸嬛" as"癸巳" of Chu Bamboo Slips of Geling, Xincai

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    武家璧

    2009-01-01

    新蔡葛陵楚简郢之岁夏夕之月的历日"癸娠"原释为"癸亥",与根据简文推知的该年八月朔丙辰或丁巳相矛盾.据文献记载,"嬛"与"巳"均有复返义,结合筮占的择日习惯等,可认定"癸嬛"为"癸巳",是当年的巳月巳日.

  16. 还原马尔萨斯和马寅初人口思想的历史价值%Revisit Historic Values of Popualtion Thought of Malthus and Ma Yin-chu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    穆光宗

    2010-01-01

    在人口思想史上,马尔萨斯及其、马寅初及其是无法绕过去的里程碑人物和文献,其历史功绩不容抹杀.马尔萨斯的重要思想贡献是注意到了生活资料供应对于人口增长和生存的制约性,并且看到了人类主观能动性作用的光明空间.马寅初所生活的时代是高度集权的计划经济时代,他提出国家理应有干预生育之权,所论的是"制度性抑制".到了崇尚人权、自由和发展的市场经济时代,就要从"制度性抑制"拓展到"制度性保障".家庭享有生育自主之权,政府则有生育保障之责.中国不是不需要计划生育,只是在变革和发展的年代需要赋予其新的内涵.中国需要民主计生、人文计生、福利计生.

  17. An approach to patient dose optimisation in interventional radiology at the Clermont-Ferrand Hospital Centre; Demarche d'optimisation de la dosimetrie des patients en radiologie interventionnelle au CHU de Clermont-Ferrand

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guersen, Joel; Chabrot, Pascal; Cassagnes, Lucie; Gabrillargues, Jean; Boyer [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire - CHU, Clermont-Ferrand (France)

    2011-07-15

    In late October 2009, a serious event occurred in the imaging unit of the Clermont- Ferrand university hospital, corresponding to localised pruritic erythematous cutaneous lesions which resemble radiation-induced damage, following a double pelvic arterial embolization, which saved the life of a young female patient. The imaging unit and the General Management of the University Hospital notified ASN of the event and an on-site dosimetric appraisal carried out by IRSN confirmed that there was a very strong probability that the cutaneous symptoms were attributable to radiation. An internal inquiry concluded that there was a problem with optimisation of the machine parameters in the angiography facility concerned. The imaging unit then initiated a Patient dosimetry optimisation process for the 3 vascular radiology and vascular neuro-radiology facilities in the establishment, divided into 3 main phases dealing with: - image acquisition rates; - the high-voltage settings of the facility concerned, following notification of the event to AFSSAPS, implicating the manufacturer; - the radioscopy and radiography image acquisition parameters, following intervention by the IRSN experts at the request of the imaging unit. On the facility concerned, the reduction in the X-ray dose delivered to the patients was initially 30%, then 35% and finally 25%, representing a total reduction by a factor of three. (authors)

  18. 《清华大学藏战国竹简(壹)》考释%Textual Interpretation of Three Slips in the Chu -Dynasty Bamboo Slips of Warring States Collected by Tsinghua University ( Vol.1 )

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张峰

    2012-01-01

    《清华大学藏战国竹简(壹)》公布以后,引起学术界的关注.经过整理者和学者们的积极努力,解决了很多问题,但还是有值得探讨的地方.如《程寤》简8的“思”应释为“畏”,《尹至》、《祭公》等的从中从亡的字应是“丧”.

  19. Notification of HIV status disclosure and its related factors in HIV-infected adolescents in 2009 in the Aconda program (CePReF, CHU Yopougon in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire, The PRADO-CI Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guanga David Meless

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: We studied the frequency of documentation of disclosure of HIV status in medical charts and its correlates among HIV-infected adolescents in 2009, in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire. Methods: The PRADO-CI is a cross-sectional study aimed at studying HIV-infected adolescents’ social, psychological, and behavioural difficulties and their determinants in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire. In this study, we present specific analyses on disclosure. All HIV-infected adolescents aged 13–21 years and followed at least once in 2009 in two urban HIV-care centres in Abidjan (Cepref and Yopougon Teaching Hospital were enrolled in the study. Standardized data were extracted from medical records to document if there was notification of disclosure of HIV status in the medical record. Frequency of notification of HIV disclosure was estimated with its 95% confidence interval (CI and correlates were analyzed using logistic regression. Results: In 2009, 229 adolescents were included: 126 (55% males; 93% on antiretroviral therapy (ART, 61% on cotrimoxazole prophylaxis. Their median age was 15 years at the time of the study. Among the 193 patients for whom information on HIV status disclosure was documented (84%, only 63 (32.6%; 95% CI=26.0–39.3% were informed of their status. The proportion of adolescents informed increased significantly with age: 19% for 13–15 years, 33% for 16–18 years and 86% for 19–21 years (p <0.0001. Adolescents on ART tended to be more likely to be informed of their HIV status (34.5% than those not treated (13.3% (p=0.11. Those on cotrimoxazole were significantly more likely to be informed (39.6% than those not (21.9% (p=0.01. Disclosure was significantly higher in adolescents with a history of ART regimen change (p=0.003 and in those followed in the Cepref (48.4% compared to the Yopougon Teaching Hospital (24.8%, (p=0.001. In multivariate analyses, disclosed HIV status was significantly higher in those followed-up in the Cepref compared to the other centre: adjusted odds ratio (aOR=3.5 (95% CI: 1.1–10.9, and among older adolescents compared to those aged 13–15 years: [16–18 years] aOR=4.2 (95% CI: 1.5–11.5 and [>18 years]: aOR=22.1 (95% CI: 5.2–93.5. Conclusions: HIV disclosure rate was low among Ivoirian HIV adolescents and was site- and age-dependent. There is a need for practical interventions to support HIV disclosure to adolescents which provides age-appropriate information about the disease.

  20. 论先秦两汉时期的荆楚巫术文化%A Discussion on the Sorcery Culture in Jing-Chu Area During Qin and Han Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗运环

    2007-01-01

    先秦两汉时期普遍崇巫,荆楚地区尤"重巫祀".文章充分利用新出简帛资料结合传世文献,贯通先秦两汉,对荆楚地区的多神崇拜、巫术种类、卜筮祭祷、历日禁忌、驱鬼招魂等进行系统地探讨,指出了荆楚巫术以沅湘为盛及东汉以前巫术地位高的原因.

  1. Conception Design of New Vernacular Dwellings——Primary Analysis of Dwellings in Chu%新农村住宅设计概念方案——楚宅浅析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段翔; 苏彦; 陈慧宇

    2007-01-01

    该文从一个以农村居住为研究对象的概念设计方案入手,探讨了现代农村民居建设中的历史文化传承问题,提出了在新农村民居建设中应注重历史与文化的营造.

  2. Etude de la sensibilité aux antibiotiques des bacilles à Gram négatif non fermentants isolés au niveau du service de réanimation du CHU de Tlemcen

    OpenAIRE

    Boukhatem, Louiza

    2014-01-01

    هي جراثيم ممرضة انتهازية مسؤولة أساسا عن عدوى المستشفيات و تظهر هذه البكتيريا قدرة )BGNnF( العصيات الغير مخمرة التكيف اتجاه المضادات الحيوية مما يؤدي إلى مشاكل علاجية حادة في كثير من الأحيان . مجموع 62 جرثوم من العصيات الغير مخمرة تم عزلها ما بين جانفي و أفريل 6102 على مستوى وحدة العناية المركزة بمركز الإستشفائي الجامعي بتلمسان . دراسة لاكتمين , 2 أمينوزيد , 0 فليوركينولون و الكولستين بطريقة الإنتشار على -β حساسية هذه الجراثيم إلى 06 مضاد حيوي منهم 7 متعددة المقاومة للمضادات الحيو...

  3. Analyse des facteurs histo-pronostiques du cancer du rectum non métastatique dans une série ouest Algérienne de 58 cas au CHU-Tlemcen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mesli, Smain Nabil; Regagba, Derbali; Tidjane, Anisse; Benkalfat, Mokhtar; Abi-Ayad, Chakib

    2016-01-01

    Introduction L'objectif de notre travail est d'analyser les facteurs histo-pronostiques des cancers du rectum non métastatique opérés au service de chirurgie «A» de Tlemcen à ouest Algérien durant une période de six ans. Méthodes Etude rétrospective de 58 patients qui avait un adénocarcinome rectal. Le critère de jugement était la survie. Les paramètres étudiés, le sexe, l’âge, stade tumoral, et les récidives tumorales. Résultats L’âge moyen était de 58 ans. Avec 52% d'hommes contre 48% femmes avec sex-ratio (1,08). Le siège tumoral était: moyen rectum avec 41,37%, 34,48% au bas rectum et dans 24,13% au haut rectum. La classification TNM avec 17,65% au stade I, 18,61% au stade II, 53, 44% au stade III et 7,84% au stade IV. La survie médiane globale était de 40 mois ±2,937 mois. La survie en fonction du stade tumoral, le stade III et IV avait un faible taux de survie (19%) a 3 ans contre le stade I, II avait un taux de survie de (75%) (P = 0,000) (IC 95%). Les patients avec récidives tumorales avaient un taux de survie faible à 3 ans par rapport à ceux n'ayant pas eu de récidive (30,85% Vs 64,30% P = 0,043). Conclusion Dans cette série, l’étude uni varié des différents facteurs pronostiques conditionnant la survie n'a permis de retenir que trois facteurs influençant la survie, à savoir la taille tumorale, le stade, et les récidives tumorales. En analyse multi variée en utilisant le modèle Cox un seul facteur été retenu la récidive tumorale. PMID:27583069

  4. Effect of VN precipitates on formation of grain boundary and intragranular ferrite in a high N-V bearing steel; V-N tenkako no ryukai oyobi ryunai ferrite hentai ni oyobosu austenite chu no VN sekishutsu no eikyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Omori, A.; Oi, K.; Kawabata, F.; Amano, K. [Kawasaki Steel Corp., Tokyo (Japan)

    1998-11-01

    The enhancement of ferrite nucleation owing to vanadium nitride (VN) precipitated in the austenite phase was studied for a 0.14%C- 1.45%Mn-0.06%V-0.009%N steel and the isothermal ferrite transformation behavior associated with VN precipitation was also quantitatively discussed. Vanadium nitrides precipitate on the austenite grain boundary in preference to the grain interior and increase the density of grain boundary ferrites. On the other hand, VN precipitates in austenite grain interior are less effective to intragranular ferrite nucleation. The calculation based on the classical nucleation theory shows that the activation energy of VN precipitates for a critical ferrite nucleus formation is one-fifth lower than that in case of no precipitate. The ferrite nucleation potency of VN precipitates is kept high even in higher temperature range above 700degreeC. (author)

  5. Exchanges on the History of Science Research between Joseph Needham and Coching Chu%李约瑟与竺可桢的中国科学史研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱永红

    2011-01-01

    针对"中国自来无科学"的论断,以竺可桢为代表的中国学者致力于中国科学史研究,发表大量学术论著,为中国辉煌而久远的科技发展史正名;李约瑟亦不约而同地加入了大讨论,并以大量无可争辩的事实有力地批判了"西方中心论".作为李约瑟编纂强有力的支持者,竺可桢有目的地为李约瑟搜集中国科学技术史的书籍资料,并通过中国科学院给予其人力、财力资助.而李约瑟的编撰计划实际上也诱发了竺可桢着手建立中国科学史研究专门机构的构想.就二十八宿起源地点与创立时期的学术争论,竺可桢坚持中国起源说,李约瑟则依违于巴比伦起源说与双方独立起源说之间.

  6. On the Progress of China's Modern Earth-Science from Coching Chu's Contribution%竺可桢与东南大学地学系 --兼论竺可桢地学思想的形成

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张九辰

    2003-01-01

    在中国近代地学的主要开创者中,竺可桢以学术权威和学术管理者的双重身份做出了突出的贡献.为了创造一个适当的发展环境,竺可桢在地学体制化方面发挥了重要的作用,尤其是他创建的第一个地学系--东南大学地学系,培养了几代中国早期的近代地学人才.中国地理学界和气象学界的奠基者,多出自竺可桢门下.中国学者在引进西方地学的同时也在努力创造一个适合中国的近代地学体系.竺可桢地学思想的形成过程,正是近代地学在中国形成、发展的一个缩影.文章通过对竺可桢所受教育背景和学术思想形成过程的分析,研究了近代地学在中国的发展及演变历程.

  7. Melæna massif révélant un syndrome de Peutz-Jeghers vu au CHU-JRA Madagascar: à propos d'un cas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinetti, Andrianimaro Florelia; Andriantsoa, Rasoanaivo Mamy; Andriambelo, Rajaonera Tovohery; Nicole, Rakotoarison Ratsaraharimanana Cathérine; Enintsoa, Raveloson Nasolotsiry

    2016-01-01

    Le syndrome de Peutz-Jeghers (SPJ) est caractérisé par l'association d'une polypose digestive hamartomateuse et d'une lentiginose cutanéo-muqueuse. Les malades sont exposés à des complications mécaniques et hémorragiques. Il s'agit d'un syndrome de prédisposition au cancer. Notre étude a pour objectif de rappeler les diagnostiques d'un syndrome de Peutz-Jeghers, de connaitre les complications ainsi que les progrès thérapeutiques dans la prise en charge. Nous avons rapporté le cas d'un homme de 32 ans présentant un melaena massif. Il a été hospitalisé en service de réanimation chirurgicale pour état de choc hypovolémique difficile à contrôler. Il a nécessité une intervention chirurgicale pour arrêter l'hémorragie. Nous avons trouvé un polype hamartomateux dans le grêle qui a causé le saignement. Le diagnostic d'un Syndrome de Peutz-Jeghers a été posé devant la notion de lentiginose labiale pendant l'enfance. Lors de l'exploration clinique et paraclinique, il ne présente pas encore de cancer. A Madagascar, cette pathologie est encore mal connue. Dans la littérature, le syndrome de Peutz-Jeghers peut être révélé cliniquement ou au stade de complication comme l'hémorragie, l'invagination ou l'occlusion intestinale. Dans notre cas, la maladie est compliquée d'une hémorragie digestive avec état de choc hypovolémique. La polypectomie endoscopique par entéroscopie à double ballonnet permet de diminuer le recours à la chirurgie grêlique d'urgence. Le syndrome de Peutz-Jeghers est une affection rare. Mais il est important aux cliniciens de le connaitre et de penser à sa possibilité en cas d'hémorragie digestive. PMID:27217901

  8. Chu空间下的粗糙集与证据理论结合进行内燃机诊断%Fault Diagnosis of Diesel Engine by Integrating Rough Sets and Evidence Theory of Chu Spaces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋立军; 胡政; 杨拥民; 温熙森

    2007-01-01

    证据理论是处理不确定性问题的有效工具,但其依赖专家知识提供证据,并要求各证据体相互独立,致使实际应用困难.借助粗糙集理论,剔除冗余成分,应可克服证据获取主观性和证据体相关性的缺陷.Chu空间理论提供了一种通用的代数框架,是用于诊断信息融合的一种新方法;针对此问题,研究了Chu空间表达下的粗糙集与证据理论可集成性,并提出了基于二者集成的故障诊断推理策略.柴油机的实际诊断结果验证了将粗糙集与证据理论相结合进行故障诊断的良好效果.

  9. Analýza neúspěchu řešení romské otázky v Československu 50. a 60. let 20. století

    OpenAIRE

    Poprik, Anton

    2009-01-01

    The bachelor thesis "Analysis of the Roma issue concerning failure in Czechoslovakia in the 50's and 60's of the 20th century" deals with the state institutions procedures addressing Roma issues during the first twenty years of the Communist Party rule in Czechoslovakia. The first part brings a broader historical perspective of solving the Roma issue and particularly the impact of World War II on its later character. The core of the thesis lies in examination of three base periods, which took...

  10. 晏阳初与裴斯泰洛齐乡村教育思想之比较%Comparison of Yan Yang-chu's and Pestalozzi's Rural Educational Ideas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王小丁; 汪旺根

    2009-01-01

    "定县模式"与"新庄模式"是中外教育史上乡村教育的两面旗帜,晏阳初和裴斯泰洛齐就是乡村教育运动中伟大的旗手.他们的乡村教育思想折射出根植于现实的教育家的理想诉求.迎合了那个时代的民族改造浪潮,反映出复兴民族的时代精神.尽管他们所处的国度与环境不同,但他们的教育实验过程和理论的形成过程有较多的相似之处.他们都具有基督的博爱精神;受到西方教育思想的深刻影响;肩负着教育改造社会的使命感和责任感;他们的乡村教育理论根植于各自社会的文化传统、国家教育的现实以及乡村教育改革的需要.他们的教育实验扎根于农村;实验服务的对象是穷人;其目的是解决农民的劣根性;教育内容强化训练、重实用、重生活;教育手段上科学化、简单化,成功地创造了两种乡村教育模式.

  11. Influence du comportement des accompagnants sur le vécu des patients admis pour hémorragies digestives hautes au CHU campus de Lomé (Togo)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bagny, Aklesso; Dusabe, Angelique; Bouglouga, Oumboma; Lawson-ananisoh, Mawuli Late; Kaaga, Yeba Laconi; Djibril, Mohaman Awalou; Soedje, Kokou Mensah; Dassa, Simliwa Kolou; Redah, Datouda

    2014-01-01

    Introduction L'hémorragie digestive haute est une urgence, qui constitue souvent pour les patients un danger mortel suscitant inquiétude et agitation. Dans cet état, le patient dépend de ses accompagnants pour ses soins et pour honorer le traitement; mais souvent, il a été observé une discordance entre l'urgence et les comportements des accompagnants. Le but de cette étude était de décrire les facteurs socioéconomiques et psychologiques pouvant influencer les comportements des accompagnants des patients admis pour HDH, estimer l'indice de relation entre ces comportements et les facteurs associés d'une part et le vécu des patients admis pour HDH d'autre part. Méthodes Il s'agit d'une étude prospective menée de Septembre 2010 à Juin 2011 (soit 10 mois). Nous avions utilisé l'entretien semi-dirigé et l'observation directe pour collecter nos données, ces dernières avaient été traitées par les méthodes statistiques et d'analyse de contenu. Résultats Dans la présente étude, les comportements des accompagnants des patients admis pour HDH sont en majorité marqués par l'abandon (84%) et le manque de sollicitude (80,2%). Ces comportements sont souvent stimulés par les facteurs socioéconomiques tels que les difficultés économiques (83,2%), des conflits intrafamiliaux (85,1%) et des représentations (maladie incurable ou envoûtement) de la maladie par les accompagnants (73,3%) des cas. Quant aux patients, ils vivent ces comportements comme étant des menaces de mort ou des rejets (77,20%) et comme étant une dévalorisation ou une humiliation de la part de leurs accompagnants (70,30%). Les résultats confirment l'existence de lien significatif entre les comportements des accompagnants et les facteurs socio économiques, entre les comportements des accompagnants et des facteurs psychologiques, et entre le vécu des patients admis pour l'HDH et les comportements des accompagnants. Conclusion Des études ultérieures devraient aborder les points non touchés dans cette étude. Certes, elle a apporté un plus dans la compréhension du vécu des patients admis pour HDH et des comportements de leurs accompagnants. Cependant, elle est loin d'avoir épuisé les différents contours de la problématique de la présente étude. PMID:25848453

  12. Complications métaboliques après transplantation rénale à partir du donneur vivant: expérience du CHU Ibn Sina de Rabat

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mouram, Hala; Benamar, Loubna; Ouzeddoune, Naima; Bayahia, Rabia; Ezaitouni, Fatima

    2014-01-01

    La transplantation rénale (TR) constitue le traitement de choix de l'insuffisance rénale chronique terminale. Les complications métaboliques après TR (diabète, dyslipidémie, hyperuricémie, obésité), en grande partie liées au traitement immunosuppresseur, deviennent une préoccupation car elles constituent un facteur de risque de morbimortalité et de perte fonctionnelle du greffon. Le but de notre étude est d’évaluer la fréquence de ces anomalies après TR. Il s'agit d'une étude rétrospective incluant tous les patients ayant bénéficié d'une première TR par donneur vivant (DV) de Juin 1998 à Décembre 2010. Nous avons recensé les données démographiques propres au receveur, le traitement immunosuppresseur après TR. Les paramètres clinico-biologiques recueillis sont (index de masse corporel (IMC), glycémie à jeun, hémoglobine glyquée, CT, C-HDL, C-LDL, TG, acide urique). Soixante dix patients ont été colligés, l’âge moyen est de 36.3 + /-9.6 ans (21 à 62) avec un sex ratio de 0.5. Quinze patients (21.4%) étaient hypertendus avant la TR et 2.9% avaient une néphropathie diabétiques. L’âge moyen du donneur est de 47.5 + /-10.2 ans (20-65). Le traitement immunosuppresseur pendant la phase d'induction était une trithérapie associant corticostéroïdes, anticalcineurines chez tous les patients et mycophénolate mofétil chez 68.6% et azathioprine dans 31.4% des cas. L'IMC moyen était de 24.1 + /-4.0 (16.9 à 37), 33% des patients étaient considérés en surpoids dont 21.8% en obésité. L'hypercholestérolémie, a été retrouvée chez 25 patients soit 36%. Presque la moitié des patients (48.5%) avaient une hyperuricémie. Quatre patients ont développé un diabète après TR soit 6% des cas. La perte du greffon a été notée chez 12 patients et 2 patients sont décédés dont un avec un greffon fonctionnel. En analyse univariée, l'hyperuricémie et la dyslipidémie ont été considérées comme facteur de risque de perte du greffon et retour en dialyse avec p = 0.024 et 0.021 respectivement. Les complications métaboliques après TR sont fréquentes et méritent une attention particulière car elles représentent un facteur de morbi-mortalité. L’éducation précoce du patient greffé est nécessaire et s'appuie sur une prise en charge multidisciplinaire impliquant les néphrologues, diététiciennes, psychologues et médecins généralistes. PMID:25422684

  13. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U05718-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available piens chromosome 5, clone RP11-729C24, com... 32 2.6 2 ( U20341 ) Cassava vein mosaic virus, complete genome. 38 2.6 3 ( U59751 ) Cas...sava vein mosaic virus, complete genome. 38 2.6 3 ( AC187464 ) Medicago truncatula

  14. Experiment list: SRX1078859 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Colon|Tissue Diagnosis=Carcinoma 41002078,97.8,4.6,1164 GSM1727089: Input shSCR HCT116 rep2 ChIPSeq; Homo sa...piens; ChIP-Seq source_name=HCT116 || cell type=colorectal cancer cell line || cell line=HCT116 || shRNA=Scr

  15. Experiment list: SRX1078858 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Colon|Tissue Diagnosis=Carcinoma 34943330,98.0,4.1,1023 GSM1727088: Input shSCR HCT116 rep1 ChIPSeq; Homo sa...piens; ChIP-Seq source_name=HCT116 || cell type=colorectal cancer cell line || cell line=HCT116 || shRNA=Scr

  16. Experiment list: SRX130497 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available olon|Tissue Diagnosis=Carcinoma 20630285,84.7,4.3,1250 GSM898226: Input HCT116-WT no-treatment rep2; Homo sa...piens; ChIP-Seq source_name=human colorectal carcinoma cell line HCT116 || celll line=HCT116 || genotype/var

  17. Overcoming Resistance of Prostate Cancer to TRAIL - Mediated Apoptosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-12-01

    Palombella VJ, Sausville EA, Joahnson J, Destree A, Lazarus DD, Maas J, Pien CS, Prakash S and Elliott PJ. (1999). Cancer Res., 59, 2615–2622. An WG, Hwang S...assistance of Sarah Winbourn. REFERENCES 1. Wiley, S. R., Schooley, K., Smolak, P. J., Din, W. S., Huang, C. P., Nicholl, J. K., Sutherland, G. R

  18. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-BTAU-01-2424 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-BTAU-01-2424 gb|EAW83451.1| dedicator of cytokinesis 4, isoform CRA_a [Homo sa...piens] gb|EAW83455.1| dedicator of cytokinesis 4, isoform CRA_a [Homo sapiens] EAW83451.1 0.61 32% ...

  19. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U04631-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available piens cDNA 5', mRNA ... 46 1.2 1 ( CJ835594 ) Triticum aestivum cDNA clone:whatlal9o10, 5' end. 46 1.2 1 ( C...J825812 ) Triticum aestivum cDNA clone:whatlal19b21, 5' end. 46 1.2 1 ( CJ627616

  20. 宁夏不同栖息环境啮齿动物巴尔通体感染状况调查%Investigation of the Bartonella infection in wild rodent populations in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2016-01-01

    目的 调查宁夏地区啮齿动物巴尔通体感染状况,了解当地鼠传巴尔通体物种组成.方法 用夹夜法在宁夏不同地区、不同生境捕获啮齿动物,无菌操作取肝和脾,应用PCR扩增巴尔通体特异性gltA基因鉴定菌株,对阳性标本进一步扩增,ftsZ、rpoB和16S rRNA基因测序并进行序列分析.用Mega 6.06软件进行比对,应用邻接法构建系统发育树.结果 从贺兰山、银川市、中卫市和固原市选择14个采样点,涵盖草原、灌丛、农田和林地4种生境,共采集啮齿动物样品234份,分离培养巴尔通体51株,感染率为21.79% (51/234).共捕获啮齿动物13属20种,有7属9种啮齿动物分离出巴尔通体.阿拉善黄鼠、黑线姬鼠、大林姬鼠、三趾跳鼠、子午沙鼠、长尾仓鼠、长爪沙鼠、洮州绒鼠和五趾跳鼠的感染率分别为45.45% (5/11)、33.33%(15/45)、33.33%(11/33)、25.00% (5/20)、20.83% (5/24)、17.86%(5/28)、14.29% (1/7)、13.64%(3/22)和11.11%(1/9),阿拉善黄鼠感染率最高.系统发育分析提示分离的巴尔通体与格拉汉姆巴尔通体(Bartonella grahamii)、伊丽莎白巴尔通体(B.elizabethae)、非洲跳鼠巴尔通体(B.jaculi)、日本巴尔通体(B.japonica)和泰勒巴尔通体(B.taylorii)相似度较高.结论 宁夏地区啮齿动物中存在巴尔通体自然感染,在多种鼠类、不同生境中均有分布,且感染率较高;序列分析显示巴尔通体基因型呈多样性,且具有致病菌种,人群暴露在相应环境中与鼠群接触存在感染致病的风险.

  1. The investigation of poliomyelitis neutralized antibody level among preschool children in Ningxia hui autonomous region%宁夏2012年学龄前儿童脊髓灰质炎中和抗体水平调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈慧; 刘吉祥; 袁芳; 马江涛; 马学旻; 张颖; 周丽薇; 杨媛媛

    2015-01-01

    Objective To understand the neutralized antibody level of the poliomyelitis among preschool children and evaluate the effectiveness of routine immunization in Ningxia.Methods The poliomyelitis antibody were detected using neutralization test among preschool children of 12 counties in Ningxia.Results The positive rates of neutralized antibody were 98.70 %,98.48%,97.19% and GMT were 1 ∶ 350.28,1 ∶ 241.82,1 ∶ 153.94 for polio Ⅰ,Ⅱ,Ⅲ respectively in 462 serum specimens from 0-6 years children.There were no statistical significance difference of antibody positive rate in those counties.Conclusion The immune level of poliomyelitis among preschool children was hign in Ningxia,and the protective barrier had been built against polio virus.%目的 了解宁夏学龄前儿童脊髓灰质炎(脊灰)抗体水平,评价脊灰糖丸疫苗常规免疫效果.方法 用微量细胞中和试验法对12个县(区)的学龄前儿童进行脊灰中和抗体水平检测.结果 共检测462份0~6岁儿童的血清标本.脊灰Ⅰ、Ⅱ、Ⅲ型中和抗体阳性率分别为98.70%、98.48%和97.19%;抗体几何平均滴度(GMT)分别是1∶350.28、1∶241.82和1∶153.94.城乡、各县(区)间抗体阳性率差异无统计学意义.结论 宁夏学龄前儿童通过常规免疫,对脊灰病毒已形成免疫屏障.

  2. One of Hui Salt Traders Contribution in the Qing Dynasty:Collecting Money for Education%清代徽州盐商的文化贡献之一:捐资兴教

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪崇筼

    2004-01-01

    清代徽州盐商散布于各地,其捐资兴教的事迹也散见于史册.本文虽只选取其在歙县、扬州及汉口的几个捐资兴教的例子,但其贡献已可见一斑.徽州盐商捐资兴教的原因,首先是社会大环境所决定,其次也为徽商的经营特征所决定;众多徽州文人所获的功名,则是捐资兴教的又一硕果.现时代虽然不同,但徽州盐商为教育后代锲而不舍的精神,仍值得继承和发扬.

  3. 31例肱骨外科颈骨折手术治疗分析%Surgical treatment analysis of 31 cases fracture surgical neck humerusDing Hui

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘君权

    2012-01-01

      Objective:objective of curative effect on treatment of senile fracture of surgical neck of humerus locking plate. locking proximal humerus plate in treatment of 31 cases of senile fracture of surgical neck of humerus, the average follow-up in 7 months.Results of Postoperative wound infection-free, nonUnion of fracture and internal fixation loosening occurs.Function of shoulder joint according to neer score standards, features 20 cases, benign and 8 cases, 2 cases, 1 short example, excellent rates for 81.25%.Conclusion locking proximal humerus plate for proximal humerus surgical neck fracture fixation and reliable, with fewer complications, good fracture healing, ease of early functional exercise and so on.%  目的探讨锁定钢板治疗老年肱骨外科颈骨折的疗效.方法采用肱骨近端锁定钢板治疗31例老年肱骨外科颈骨折,平均随访7个月.结果术后无创口感染、骨折不愈合和内固定松动发生.肩关节功能按照 neer 评分标准,功能优20例,良8例,可2例,差1例,优良率为81.25%.结论肱骨近端锁定钢板对老年肱骨外科颈骨折固定可靠,具有并发症少,骨折愈合良好,便于早期功能锻炼等优点.

  4. A particular light on todays and tomorrows urban energies: perceptions and views of the young generation; Un eclairage particulier sur les energies urbaines d`aujourd`hui et de demain: perceptions et regards des jeunes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martin, V.; Strauss, N.; Jaladis, S.; Waroux, D.

    1995-12-31

    In the framework of prospective studies on the town of the future, an inquiry with questionnaire was carried out on a pool of 230 students from 5 schools of the western suburb of Paris (France) in order to have an idea about their representations of todays energies, about their consumption habits, their living attitudes and their transportation practices, and about their apprehension of these domains in the 15-20 forthcoming years. For the present day, they spontaneously make reference to the solar and nuclear energies but they do not make distinction between energy source and final energy. Environment is a major concern threw the pollution aspects and is positioned just behind the society themes (unemployment, AIDS, exclusion). They favour the electric power for the domestic uses. They have a rather pessimistic vision of the future of energy resources. According to their opinion, electric power, bio-fuels and solar energy will be the future energy sources for transportation systems, electricity will dominate the domestic uses and they will be reticent with respect to the domestic development of safety networks for goods and people. The cross-comparison between sexes and occupational branches reveals three groups: modernist, conservative and ecologist. (J.S.)

  5. 湖南回族与其他民族体质人类学比较研究%A Study on Physical Anthropology of Hui Nationality Comparing With Other Nationalities in Hunan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任家武; 蒋穗斌; 王泽军; 肖建忠; 李昌田; 张斌

    2003-01-01

    目的研究湖南回族与本省其他民族的体质特征,为人类学提供资料.方法以湖南省汉寿县毛家滩回族乡为主测区,对回族成年男、女400例进行活体测量与观察.所得结果用马丁分类法、对比分析等方法分析其体质特征.结果湖南回族中等身材,男性以中头型为主,圆头型次之,女性以圆头型为主.眼裂多呈水平,面阔、中鼻,女性多为凹形鼻,男性则以直鼻梁居多.结论湖南回族除具有东亚人一般特征外,还具有本民族独特的体质特点.

  6. The SMPR from yesterday and today for the energy production; Les RPMP d'hier et d'aujourd'hui pour la production d'energie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barre, B. [Cogema, Dir. R and D, 78 - Velizy Villacoublay (France)

    2002-07-01

    The historical aspects of the Small and Medium Power Reactors (SMPR) are presented. The little reactors often be used in domains where the economical aspects were not important. The fight between medium and big profits historically to the biggest reactors. (author)

  7. Study on Traditional Martial Arts' Influence on Junior Students' Physical Self--concept of Hui Nationality%民族传统武术对回族中学生身体自我概念影响的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨玉谨

    2012-01-01

    The thesis is to conduct a comparative study on junior students' physical self--concept be- tween those who have had traditional marital arts courses and those who haven't had in Xining city of Qinghai province by using questionnaire and mathematical statistics. It is attempted to promote the devel- opment of traditional sports. The result shows that there is a clear difference on whether to have tradition- al martial arts courses or not. The junior students who are healthy, fat and flexible have had higher score than those who haven't. For those who have had the courses, they also have evident gender difference on the dimension of their physical self--concept. It proves that it is very important and necessary to have the traditional martial arts courses which are definitely helpful to form active physical self--concept for the junior students.%为了解民族传统武术对回族中学生身体自我概念的影响,促进民族传统体育的发展,本文采用问卷法和数理统计法,就青海省西宁市回族中学开设和未开设民族传统武术课程的学生进行了对比调查研究.结果表明,是否开设民族传统武术课程对回族中学生的身体自我概念的影响存在显著的差异.健康、身体肥胖、整体身体、灵活和自尊方面,开设武术课的学生得分高于未开设的学生.在开设民族传统武术课程的学生中,身体自我概念部分维度存在显著地性别差异.开设民族传统武术课程对回族中学生形成积极的身体自我概念具有重要作用.

  8. The 1990s' Eroticism——Concurrently Discussing the Historical Metaphorical Functions of Wei Hui's Novels%1990年代的色情——兼论卫慧小说的历史隐喻功能

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕永林

    2015-01-01

    1990年代是一个既“丰盛”又“残缺”的时代,在人与人之间普遍产生一种“不对等”的社会关系形态,同时也普遍产生一种服从于这一“不对等关系”的社会观念形态.卫慧小说在很大程度上正是这一社会总体关系及其意识形态的文学化和美学化,它们在作者的政治无意识或有意识之间,暴露出一个时代的“色情”及其实质.

  9. 浅析西安清真大寺之中国回族伊斯兰教建筑特色%The Islam Architecture Character of China Hui Nationality-Analysis of Xi'an Great Mosque

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶石

    2001-01-01

    西安清真大寺,又名化觉巷清真寺或东大寺,是中国回族伊斯兰教建筑的典型代表.本文以伊斯兰教在中国的传播历史、以及中国内地穆斯林民族——"回族"的历史形成为背景,对西安清真大寺从规划布局、建筑技术、园林艺术以及细部装饰等方面进行了简要的分析与论述.

  10. 回汉糅合——天水后街清真寺建筑艺术特色%The Architecture Style Integration of Chinese and Hui Minority: the Architecture Art Characteristics of Tianshui Houjie Mosque

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张萍; 陈华

    2014-01-01

    始建于元朝的天水后街清真寺是甘肃现存年代最古老的清真寺建筑,也是唯一被列为国家文物保护单位的伊斯兰建筑.通过对史料和现存建筑实例的分析,追溯了天水回族及后街清真寺形成发展的历史渊源,从空间布局、单体建筑和建筑装饰艺术几方面总结了天水后街清真寺的基本艺术特征.天水后街清真寺采用中国传统大木架结构体系,糅合回族建筑工艺和装饰手法,创造出适应特殊的地理环境和气候条件具有明显地方特色和艺术风格的建筑艺术.

  11. 清真寺建筑形制的历史演变与回族社会的文化认知%Historical Evolution of Mosque Architectural Forms and Cultural Awareness of Hui Society

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨德亮

    2015-01-01

    建筑是一种重要的符号象征和文化姿态.从唐时的广州怀圣寺,到北宋时的泉州圣友寺,再到辽元时的北京牛街寺,明清时的西安大清真寺,20世纪80年代的银川南关大寺和当下的兰州南关清真大寺,诸种特色鲜明的清真寺,不仅表征着回族伊斯兰建筑历史和建筑形制的演变,也反映着回族社会的文化认知和文化自觉.

  12. The First Chinese Translator of Pushkin's Works——JI YI- hui and Pushkin%普希金"初临中土"的向导——戢翼翚与普希金

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张铁夫

    2001-01-01

    普希金的第一部汉译作品是,译本题作,系据日文转译,译者为戢翼翚.这是一部归化式译作,书名、人名、人称、体裁、字数均与原作有较大的出入.不过,责任主要不在中译者,而在日译者.日译本本身就是一个缩写本,上述问题都是日译本所存在的.戢译虽是一部很不完善的译作,但它开了翻译普希金作品和俄国文学名著的先河,因而具有重要意义.

  13. Le Quaternaire dans l'enseignement secondaire français : sa disparition aujourd'hui à la lumière des enjeux socioculturels de son introduction au 19ÈME siècle

    OpenAIRE

    Quessada, Marie Pierre; Clément, Pierre

    2010-01-01

    The Quaternary is disappearing from French syllabi. The current Earth and Life Sciences curriculum for the French seventh grade (pupils from 13 to 14 years old) includes the example “of the paleogeographic and climatic changes of the Quaternary Era.” Historical Geology will disappear completely from the future seventh grade syllabus. From 1994 to 2001, in the twelfth grade science track class (pupils from 17 to 18 years old), the teaching proposed “to reconstruct the paleo-environments in whi...

  14. Le Quaternaire dans l'enseignement secondaire français : sa disparition aujourd'hui à la lumière des enjeux socioculturels de son introduction au 19ÈME siècle

    OpenAIRE

    Quessada, Marie Pierre; Clément, Pierre, 1809-1870.

    2010-01-01

    The Quaternary is disappearing from French syllabi. The current Earth and Life Sciences curriculum for the French seventh grade (pupils from 13 to 14 years old) includes the example “of the paleogeographic and climatic changes of the Quaternary Era.” Historical Geology will disappear completely from the future seventh grade syllabus. From 1994 to 2001, in the twelfth grade science track class (pupils from 17 to 18 years old), the teaching proposed “to reconstruct the paleo-environments in whi...

  15. 写生与中国画本体语言建构——尚辉访谈%On the Construction of Ontology Language of Sketch and Chinese Painting-An Interview with Shang Hui

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李朝霞

    2011-01-01

    As Chinese paintings of the 20th century have been influenced by western realistic paintings, the issue of sketching or painting from life has aroused great attention. This interview, while dealing with current Chinese paintings and sketches' emphasis on presenting authentic mountains and rivers, also touches upon the dilemma confronting current Chinese paintings--the lack of tradition and the lack of refining and sublimation in traditional brushes and inks. Chinese painting sketches should not only represent the authentic realities, but also turn these authentic experiences into expressions of inner feelings and emotions. The development of Chinese paintings should attend to both reality and traditional techniques. With the rapid development of economy, capital injection into art is also increasing, and capital is exerting a powerful influence on the development of art. The second issue of this interview mainly discusses the relationship between art market and artistic value and the influence of capital on artistic creation.%20世纪的中国画,由于受西方写实绘画的影响,写生的问题受到前所未有的重视。本访谈主要述及目前的中国画写生在强调对真山真水感受的同时,面临着缺少传统、缺少用传统的笔墨去提炼和升华写生的困境。中国画写生发展应在对真山真水的体验过程中,把体验转发为内心情感的表达,而不是现场真实性的再现,“一手伸向传统,一手伸向生活”,写实和传统技法要二者兼顾。由于经济的快速发展,资本对艺术的注入越来越多,资本的力量强劲地左右着艺术的发展,本访谈第二个问题主要阐述艺术市场与艺术价值的关系以及资本对艺术创作的影响。

  16. 宁夏回族自治区干旱致灾危险性时空变化特征%Spatial-temporal Variation of Drought Hazard in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭春萍; 杨建平; 杨圆; 陈虹举

    2015-01-01

    基于宁夏地区22个气象站1971-2011年月降水量和月平均气温资料,综合考虑降水和蒸发,引入标准化降水蒸散指数( SPEI),分析该地区气象干旱变化情况,并在此基础上通过构建SPEI值与干旱等级的加权综合评价模型,评估该地区干旱致灾危险性,剖析其时空变化特征。结果表明:宁夏地区气象干旱呈显著加重趋势,年均SPEI值1972-2011年以0.37・(10a)-1的速率显著减小;该地区气象干旱呈现自南向北逐渐加重的空间分布格局,且干旱加重速度呈现由中部干旱带向南北分别递增的空间变化特征。1972-2011年,宁夏地区干旱致灾危险性呈显著增大趋势,干旱致灾危险性指数近40年减小速率为0.12・(10a)-1;该地区干旱致灾危险性在空间分布上表现为北部引黄灌区高于中南部地区,且危险性的增速呈现中部较缓、南北较快的空间变化特征。%Based on the monthly precipitation and monthly mean air temperature of 22 meteorological stations from 1971 to 2011 in Ningxia, the Standardized Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index ( SPEI) is used to analyze the spatial and temporal evolutions of the meteorological drought, and the drought hazard is evaluated by the weigh-ted comprehensive evaluation model involved SPEI value and drought grade.The results show that the drought dis-played a significant aggravation tendency in Ningxia from 1972 to 2011, with a rate of annual SPEI decrease by 0. 37・ (10a) -1 .In Ningxia, the drought spatially showed an increasing trend from the south to the north, and the drought aggravation speed had a particular spatial pattern, increased northward and southward from the Central arid zone.The drought hazard showed a significant increasing trend during 1972-2011, with a rate of annual drought hazard index decrease by 0.12・ (10a) -1 .The drought hazard in the Yellow river irrigation area was higher than that in the Central arid zone and the Southern mountain region, and the increasing speed of drought hazard also in-creased northward and southward from the Central arid zone.

  17. The first discovery of Indosinian quartz porphyry in Dongkengkou Village, southern An-hui Province%皖南印支期石英斑岩的首次发现及其构造意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘秀; 余心起; 李鹏举; 陈子微

    2016-01-01

    印支时期,中国东南部地区构造运动活跃,岩浆活动较为发育。但是,皖南地区一直未发现该时期侵入岩。近期在安徽省黄山市徽州区东坑口村北约500m处x046县道旁,发现石英斑岩脉体。用LA-ICP-MS技术测得其中锆石的U-Pb年龄为245.2±2.4 Ma,此年龄代表石英斑岩的结晶年龄,即形成于印支期中三叠世,而非前人一直认为的燕山期岩浆活动产物。岩石地球化学特征显示,东坑口石英斑岩富集Th、La、Ce等大离子亲石元素及轻稀土元素,亏损Ba、Sr、P、Ti等高场强元素,具有高的10000×Ga/Al值及Zr、Nb、Ce、Y含量,岩石中可见半自形的石英和斜长石,具有A型花岗岩的特征。皖南印支期A型花岗岩的发现,为区域构造-岩浆演化研究提供了新的科学依据,对理解和构建中国东南部乃至华南地区早中生代构造演化具有重要意义。%It is generally thought that both tectonic events and magmatic activities during the Indosinian period were intense in south⁃eastern China. In contrast, the Indosinian magmatic activities in southern Anhui area were generally not considered to be existent, be⁃cause there was not any previous reported Indosinian intrusive rock in this area. In this paper, the authors obtained LA-ICP-MS zir⁃con U-Pb weighted average age of 245.2±2.4Ma for the quartz porphyry dyke from the side of x046 highway, about 500m north of Dongkengkou Village, Huizhou District, Huangshan City, southern Anhui Province, which implys that the Dongkengkou quartz por⁃phyry (DQP) was formed during Indosinian period rather than in Yanshanian period. The bulk-rock chemical data indicate that the DQP is enriched with LILE, LREE and depleted in high field-strength elements Ba, Sr, P, Ti, and possesses high 10000×Ga/Al ra⁃tios and high Zr, Nb, Ce and Y values. Petrologically, the DQP has hypidiomorphic quartz and plagioclase, exhibiting A-type gran⁃ite characteristics. The confirmation of the Indosinian A-type granite from southern Anhui area provides new scientific evidence for understanding the regional tectono-magmatism history, and finally supplies extra evidence for remodeling the tectonic and geody⁃namic evolution of southeast China.

  18. Analysis of the Causes of the Local Hui Nationality Women Vulvovaginal Candidiasis%探讨本地区回族女性外阴阴道假丝酵母菌病高发的病因

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王银川

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the cause of the region's women vulvovaginal candidiasis high.Methods Selected from January 2012 to January 2014 in our hospital during the obstetrics and gynecology clinic diagnosed vulvovaginal candidiasis Muslim women 100 patients aged 14 to 50 years,mean age 32 years,after detailed history,al aspects were retrospectively analyzed and summarized.Results Candida causes of the high incidence of female genital vagina caused in the region include excessive cleaning,early marriage and pregnancy,and so on a variety of factors.Conclusion Variety of causes have led to Muslim women in the region vulvovaginal candidiasis high.%目的:探讨本地区女性外阴阴道假丝酵母菌病高发的病因。方法选取2012年01月~2014年01月在我院妇产科门诊确诊为外阴阴道假丝酵母菌病的回族女性100例,年龄14~50岁,平均年龄32岁,详细询问病史后,从各方面进行回顾性分析和总结。结果造成本地区女性外阴阴道假丝酵母菌高发的原因包括过度清洁、早婚早孕等等各种因素。结论多种病因均导致本地区回族女性外阴阴道假丝酵母菌病高发。

  19. 清末回族外交官杨枢与1905年留日学生运动%Yang Shu,a Hui diplomat in the late Qing Dynasty and 1905 Movement Launched by Overseas Students in Japan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈红梅

    2008-01-01

    杨枢是清末著名的回族外交官,903-1907年出任清政府驻日公使.在处理1905年留日学生运动中,杨枢站在留学生管理和清政府外交立场上对学潮表现出严肃而强硬的态度.作为开明派官员的杨枢与留学生的对立与冲突,反映了清政府与新式知识分子之间严重缺乏信任及疏离的状态.文章试图从一个侧面考察1905年留日学生运动的面貌.同时指出,近代回族中不乏具有开放心态和世界眼光的人物,杨枢的个案是对此类回族人物研究的尝试.

  20. 86 Cases of Biliary Ascariasis Treated with Jiao-mei Pai-hui Decoction%椒梅排蛔汤治疗胆道蛔虫病86例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林伟; 李唯一; 周村

    2002-01-01

    @@ 笔者从1996年9月~2001年3月,用自拟椒梅排蛔汤治疗胆道蛔虫病86例,在较短时间内取得满意疗效,现报告如下. 1 临床资料 本组86例中,男性29例,女性57例;年龄16~68岁,平均年龄41岁;住院病人67例,门诊19例.本组病人均有典型的胆道蛔虫病的症状和体征,白细胞计数小于10.0×109/L的有59例(占68.6%),介于10.0~15.0×109/L之间的有24例(占27.9%),大于15.0×109/L有3例(占3.5%),嗜酸性细胞分类计数大于3%有36例(占41.9%).B超检查示胆道蛔虫有85例占98.8%.

  1. Génie végétal, génie biologique et génie écologique : concepts d’hier et d’aujourd’hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    REY, Freddy

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Restaurer les cours d’eau, entretenir les espaces naturels ou bien préserver la biodiversité dans les projets d’aménagement sont autant d’activités relevant du génie écologique, une discipline en plein essor appelée à répondre à des enjeux environnementaux incontournables pour les acteurs publics comme pour le secteur privé. Afin de mieux appréhender les concepts et les enjeux de cette filière stratégique de l’économie verte, cet article fait un point sur la sémantique des métiers et des compétences en matière de génie végétal, de génie biologique et de génie écologique.

  2. Exposure to urban air pollution risk: yesterday, today, tomorrow; L'exposition au risque lie a la pollution urbaine de l'air: hier, aujourd'hui, demain

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thibaut, G. [Mairie de Paris, Service de l' Ecologie Urbaine, 75 - Paris (France)

    2005-07-01

    In the air law, the first harmful effect of atmospheric pollution is the impact on human health. Urban areas are characterized by cumulated concentrations of activities (industries, space heating systems, transportation systems), of pollutant emissions (chimneys, exhaust systems), of concentrations in the air and of populations exposed to pollution effects. All these elements make that urban populations have to face an increasing sanitary risk, in particular the most sensible people. This paper aims to present how this risk has been taken into consideration with time by the authorities and the public himself. The feeling (bad smells) was considered in the first approaches while the progresses made in analytical chemistry have permitted to quantify trace amounts of toxic compounds and to estimate the risk. The toxicity of pollutants is better known, in particular when high concentrations are observed (industrial environment). The development of air quality monitoring has permitted to carry on epidemiologic studies defining the sanitary effects of different pollutant mixtures. These effects are today demonstrated and some of the epidemiological results recently obtained are recalled. Tomorrow, progresses will have to be made to answer the essential questions: who breathes what, where and how long. Future studies will have to precise the space-time budget of the citizen when exposed to urban pollution. The indoor pollution, in particular in the residential sector, is an essential point of progress, but tomorrows challenge will be to convince citizens that they have a role to play in pollution abatement (eco-citizenship). (J.S.)

  3. 宁夏风沙土酿酒葡萄基地培肥地力试验研究%Experiment of Fostering Fertility of Wine-grapes Growing in Sand Soil in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周涛; 杨文; 于振环; 白国胜; 王芳

    2000-01-01

    应用大田试验,系统研究了风沙土肥力状况及培肥途径.结果表明:各种培肥措施均能明显提高土壤全量养分和速效养分含量,而且土壤阳离子代换量及pH值也有所降低.各种培肥措施对土壤团粒结构也有较明显的影响,以有机肥的影响最为明显,而且土壤的蓄水性能显著提高.氮磷钾配合施用土壤有机质、水解氮、速效磷和速效钾提高幅度较大.与单施无机肥和有机肥相比,有机无机配施的培肥效果较好.酿酒葡萄基地生产中,间作可使用地与养地相结合,显著地提高有机质的积累,而且在短期内可以提高土壤耕层有效氮、磷、钾营养元素的含量.

  4. 论《儒林外史》中王惠人生“权变术”三部曲%On Wang Hui's Trilogy of Life of " Contingency" in The Scholar

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛莲

    2013-01-01

    《儒林外史》中的王惠,是八股科举制度下英年得势、官居高位而横征暴敛、心狠手辣、残害百姓的典型人物,也是把权变术运用得最得心应手的典型代表.他在中举人再中进士、任南昌知府再升南赣道的辉煌道路上,尽情地表演了耍弄人生“权变术”的三部曲.他是八股科举制度选拔的败类,是贪婪成性、无德无行的恶官.从三个方面进行探究,以揭示封建社会末期科举制度自身不可调解的矛盾和怪谬:一、由“高傲”向“低下”的权变;二、由“能员”向投降的权变;三、由出逃到“隐居”的权变.

  5. Analysis on the Forest Community Species Diversity in Xiuning County of An hui Province%安徽休宁县森林植物群落物种多样性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何云核; 叶海宾

    2001-01-01

    分析了休宁县森林群落的类型、组成、结构和物种多样性,结果表明:休宁县的典型森林群 落为常绿阔叶林,但由于森林破坏,群落为成层现象和层片不甚明显;物种多样性指数(S、 D、H)是针阔混交林>常绿阔叶林>落叶常绿阔叶混交林>落叶阔叶林,低海拔>高海拔; 在同一类型不同层次中,灌木层>乔木层>草本层。%The type, composition, structure and species diversity of the forest community i n Xiuning county were analyed. It was found that the forest community in the cou n ty is a classic one, the evergreen broadleaf forest. But the layer phenomenon an d blade of forest was not obvious becaues of deforest action. The species divers ity ind ex(H′) showed needle broadleaf mixed forest>evergreen broadleaf forest>decidu ous evergreen broadleaf mixed forest>deciduous broadleaf forest, low altitude> high altitude. Within the same type, the species diversity inedx was shrub layer >tree layer>herb layer.

  6. The Domestication of Islamic Law in China and the Establishment of Islamic Common Law of the Hui People%伊斯兰法中国本土化与回族伊斯兰习惯法的形成

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨经德

    2003-01-01

    伊斯兰法作为一种外来的法律制度,具有充分的文化属性,它在中国境内的发生、成长过程其实就是一种典型的法律本土化过程,而且这种过程是伴随着伊斯兰教的中国本土化实现的.它是回族在信仰伊斯兰教过程中,以和为主要内容的伊斯兰教法运用"公议"和"类比"推导出来的法律论断,固化为本民族的生活制度(即习惯)后,通过民间宗教权威予以保障,所形成的一整套内控性的生活秩序规范体系.

  7. 伊斯兰教法对回族道德观和习惯法的影响%Islamic Law's Influence on the Huis' Moral Concept and Convention

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马志俊

    2001-01-01

    伊斯兰教法作为一种法文化,对整个穆斯林世界有着重要的影响.回族作为信仰伊斯兰教的民族,其社会生活的各个方面无不渗透和体现着伊斯兰法文化的精神实质.伊斯兰教法不仅在回族道德观的形成和建设中发挥着重要作用,而且对回族习惯法的形成产生了重要影响.

  8. 林则徐《回疆竹枝词》中的维吾尔语考释%An Explanation of Uygur Expressions Used in "Hui Jiang Zhu Zhi Ci" by Lin Zexu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖冬梅

    2006-01-01

    林则徐流放新疆期间深入研究维吾尔族历史,尊重维吾尔人民的风俗习惯及宗教信仰,虚心学习维吾尔语.是林则徐深入南疆勘地时所作的反映清代维吾尔民族生活习俗的诗歌.他把许多维吾尔词语经音译或意译直接写入诗章,使读者体会到诗歌所蕴含的民族文化特色.本文逐一试解了原诗中没有准确注音和义训的维吾尔语词.

  9. 專論/圖書資訊學知識來源與知識擴散指標之研究/黃慕萱、何蕙菩(Mu-Hsuan Huang; Hui-Pu Ho

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    黃慕萱、何蕙菩 Mu-Hsuan Huang; Hui-Pu Ho

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available 本文以1997 年至2006 年圖書資訊學之引用文獻與被引用文獻作為分析對象,除研究圖書資訊學知識來源與知識擴散程度外,並探討四種知識來源與知識擴散指標之差異性與適用性,包括COC、WCOC、Brillouin’s Index、Originality/Generality。本文發現,圖書資訊學知識來源程度較知識擴散程度高。圖書資訊學知識來源的學科自我引用率逐漸降低,而知識擴散仍以學科境內擴散為主,但與過去研究結果相比,對其他學科影響逐漸提高。在各指標比較上,COC 與WCOC著重跨學科引用程度,兩指標相關性極高,相互取代性大;Brillouin’s Index 易受樣本特性影響,適用於衡量分類較細之專利號或學科;Originality/Generality 則適用於衡量分類較粗之學科。 This study uses bibliometric methods to measure knowledge originality and knowledge generality of Library and Information Science (LIS by using citing and cited documents from 1997 to 2006. This study further discusses the difference and applicability of four knowledge originality and knowledge generality indicators, including COC, WCOC, Brillouin’s Index, and Originality/Generality. We find that the extent of knowledge originality is more than that of knowledge generality in LIS. The subject self-citation (SSC of LIS in knowledge originality has been trending down, whereas that in knowledge generality is still high, signifying main knowledge transfers within LIS itself. However, comparing this finding with the past, we find LIS has increasingly more impact on the other disciplines. Through analysis from these indicators, we also find that with COC and WCOC, we can quickly identify the rate of subject self-citation and interdisciplinary citations, but the two indicators show high relevance and may be inter-replaceable. While both emphasizing on the distribution of disciplines, Brillouin’s Index tends to be more sensitive to the samples, thus useful in measuring categories with specific classification schemes such as patent classifications or smaller discipline fields, whereas Generality/Originality is useful for more generalized subjects. 頁次:14-33

  10. Réflexions sur lʼavenir de lʼénergie nucléaire, de la France dʼaujourdʼhui au monde de demain : IIe à IVe générations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dautray, Robert; Friedel, Jacques; Bréchet, Yves

    2012-06-01

    The recent events at the Fukushima power plants (PP) have brought to light key issues which have to be discussed concerning the position of nuclear energy in the energy mix, in the context of global warming, of waning petroleum resources, of an increasing world population, and of its industrial development. These questions are addressed here from the viewpoint of physical facts; and, without proposing definite choices, this article aims to provide information on the equipment required to benefit from the fission chain reaction, while explaining the possible incidents and accidents, and the possible hidden military misuse of nuclear matter. Specific issues, such as risk assessment and risk management, will be considered, under the constraints of dealing with international non-proliferation safeguards and France energy resources independence. A special emphasis will be given on the fuel cycle, on the variety of time scales involved, and on the requirements of developing the next generation of nuclear power plants, and more specifically the fast breeder option. The lessons to be drawn from the Fukushima accident, resulting mainly from the residual power of used fuel and the loss of cooling source, are outlined, and the consequences to be drawn about the various relevant time scales are emphasized.

  11. Sand Layer Water Permeability of Tengger Desert in Zhongwei City,Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region%腾格里沙漠宁夏回族自治区中卫市沙层水分入渗研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵景波; 马延东; 邢闪; 董治宝

    2011-01-01

    In order to explore the water permeability of sand layer and its controlling factors in the Tengger Desert,an infiltration experiment was carried out in the region.The results show that during the first stage before a steady infiltration rate was reached,the moving sand dunes have the highest starting infiltration rate,followed by the half-fixed sand dunes and low-lying-lands in order.After about 6.3~8.8 min,the infiltration rate of sand layers became stable.The saturated infiltration rate of half-fixed sand dune was slightly larger than that of the moving sand dune,while the rate of the low-lying-land remained the smallest.The moving sand dune and the half-fixed sand dune had almost same high infiltration capacities and the low-lying-land has the smallest infiltration capacity.As typical characteristics,the sand layers had high and steady infiltration rates and need only a short period from start to approch steady infiltration rates,owing to the coarse but uniform texture and good pore connectivity.The high infiltration rates provided very good conditions for the transformation from rainfalls to groundwater.For the three infiltration models,the Koctakob formula was the best in describing the water permeability of sand layers,the Horton formula the second,and the general formula the most unfavourable.%为查明腾格里沙丘沙层水分渗透性及其原因,在该地区进行了沙层水分入渗试验。结果表明,在稳定前,流动沙丘入渗率最大,半固定沙丘次之,洼地最小。在达到稳定入渗后,半固定沙丘的入渗率较流动沙丘略大,洼地则最小,它们的平均稳定入渗率分别为16.8,16.2,12.0 mm/min。不同地貌类型的沙层达到稳定入渗的时间在6.3~8.8 min之间。流动沙丘与半固定沙丘水分入渗量基本相同,入渗量均较大,洼地入渗量最小。沙层具有入渗率高,达到稳定入渗快和入渗率变化小的突出特点,沙层粒度较粗,组成均一和孔隙连通性好,是其主

  12. The energy at the dawn of the 21 century. The future is deciding now; L'energie a l'aube du 21. siecle. Le futur se decide aujourd'hui

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-10-01

    This opening talk to the colloquium on the future of the energy, presents the french energy policy stakes. It recalls the importance of the international context concerning the environmental policy, the bound between the economic development and the energy demand, the energy independence and proposes to the colloquium participants 3 ways of reflection. (A.L.B.)

  13. Epidemiological investigation of scoliosis among adolescents in Hui'an county,Fujian province%福建省惠安县青少年脊柱侧凸流行病学调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周惠清; 张建新; 林思舜

    2008-01-01

    目的:了解福建省惠安县青少年脊柱侧凸的流行情况,为临床治疗和预防提供依据.方法:2007年3月~2008年5月对惠安县13所医疗卫生监控点学校32280名中小学生进行脊柱侧凸调查.结果:检出234例脊柱侧凸患者(Cobb角≥10°),患病率为0.72%.其中特发性侧凸229例,先天性侧凸4例,神经肌肉性侧凸1例;女性141例,男性93例,女性患病率显著高于男性(X2=17.46.P<0.01);小学组的患病率为0.20%,初中组为0.88%,高中组为0.89%.初中组的患病率与小学组比较明显升高;Cobb角10°~19°的患者占79.49%,20°以上的患者全部在13岁以后出现.结论:惠安县青少年脊柱侧凸患病率为0.72%.女性患病率明显高于男性,初中组变化尤为明显,应重点进行监测.

  14. 福建惠安县小岞镇渔女发饰考察研究%Investigation into the Fishing Girls' Headwear in Xiaozuo Town of Hui'an County in Fujian Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢新燕; 童友军

    2014-01-01

    福建惠安县东面两条狭长的半岛,分别是崇武半岛和小岞半岛,就是这两个半岛上居住了福建三大渔女之一惠安女,其奇异的服饰让世人瞩目,而小岞半岛上的小岞渔女发饰更为原始古朴,犹存千年遗风.本文对清末民初的“大头髻”、“贝只髻”,过渡期的“圆头”和“螺棕头”,以及解放后出现的黄斗笠和花头巾进行考察研究,解析海洋文化特征的惠安女发饰,以期增强对海洋文化归属感的认同.

  15. On the Songs of Anti-Japanese of the Hui Ethnic Group and Its Own National Identity%回族抗日歌曲与国家认同

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    敏俊卿; 马博忠

    2009-01-01

    回族抗日爱国歌曲作为一个时代主题的符号象征,它不仅反映了那个波澜壮阔的时代风貌,而且更为重要的是,它为中华民族特定时期国家认同的建构发挥了重要的历史功用.

  16. 当代中国的依法治国进程:进展与阻力%Ia construction d'un Etat de droit dans la Chine d'aujourd'hui:Avancées et Résistances

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    米海依·戴尔马斯-玛蒂

    2003-01-01

    @@20世纪的中国法律呈现出一种不连续性.自清末时由一些比较法学家譬如沈家本等人发起的法制现代化的努力.由于辛亥革命的爆发被迫中断;中华民国时期(1912—1949)则更多的是引进了大量的外国法制度,而不是对中国原有的法律规范进行系统化.……

  17. 楚人宗教信仰刍议(续)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡雅丽

    2001-01-01

    This article discusses the belief system of the ancient Chupeoplebased on the cosmology of the Chu people. The evidence shown in the article are not only some unearthed Chu bamboo & silk manuscripts and few documents handed down from ancient times,but also the archaeological material of the Chu remains. The author divides the belief system of the Chu people into two types: natural divinity and human ghost, finding out the fundamental idol of the Chu people as well as the main motive force of the development of the fundamental idol. According to the author, the ancient Chu people formed their distinctive cosmology in the course of exploring the nature, on the basis of which they set up the belief system with general character and specific feature themselves.

  18. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U01883-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available bSau Flower Nectary Stage ... 44 7.7 1 ( CK819721 ) if23e09.x5 Melton Normalized Human Islet 4 N4-HIS... 44 ...piens... 44 7.7 1 ( BM976857 ) UI-CF-EN1-adb-f-13-0-UI.s1 UI-CF-EN1 Homo sapiens... 44 7.7 1 ( BM129507 ) if23e09.x1 Melton

  19. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-MMUR-01-1622 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-MMUR-01-1622 ref|NP_115969.2| hairy and enhancer of split 7 isoform 2 [Homo sa...piens] gb|EAW90092.1| hairy and enhancer of split 7 (Drosophila) [Homo sapiens] gb|AAI56908.1| Hairy and enhancer of split 7 (Drosophila) [synthetic construct] NP_115969.2 8e-07 38% ...

  20. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-MEUG-01-1110 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-MEUG-01-1110 gb|AAY78477.1| TLR10 [Homo sapiens] gb|AAY78481.1| TLR10 [Homo sa...piens] gb|AAY78489.1| TLR10 [Homo sapiens] gb|AAY78490.1| TLR10 [Homo sapiens] gb|AAY78491.1| TLR10 [Homo sapiens] AAY78477.1 0.0 56% ...