WorldWideScience

Sample records for hui nung yeh

  1. HUI2 and HUI3

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Keywords: Health utility index, HUI2, HUI3, Quality of life, Diabetes. Tropical ... in the form of Quality Adjusted Life Years. (QALYs) [5]. ... HUI3 specifically assesses happiness versus depression. .... medication, longer duration of diabetes and.

  2. Hui Wei | NREL

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hui Wei Photo of Hui Wei Hui Wei Researcher IV-Molecular Biology Hui.Wei@nrel.gov | 303-384-6620 consortia system. Additional Publications "In Situ Micro-Spectroscopic Investigation of Lignin in Molecular Biology (2012) "Tracking Dynamics of Biomass Composting by Monitoring the Changes in

  3. Security Analysis of Yeh-Tsai Security Mechanism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yum, Dae Hyun; Shin, Jong Hoon; Lee, Pil Joong

    Yeh and Tsai recently proposed an enhanced mobile commerce security mechanism. They modified the lightweight security mechanism due to Lam, Chung, Gu, and Sun to relieve the burden of mobile clients. However, this article shows that a malicious WAP gateway can successfully obtain the mobile client's PIN by sending a fake public key of a mobile commerce server and exploiting information leakage caused by addition operation. We also present a countermeasure against the proposed attack.

  4. Multinarasi Relief Yeh Pulu Basis Penciptaan Seni Lukis Kontemporer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Wayan Adnyana

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available Kajian ini merupakan skema penelitian terapan, yang bertujuan untuk mengungkap konsep multinarasi relief Yeh Pulu, Bedulu, Gianyar, Bali, sebagai basis penciptaan seni lukis kontemporer. Secara metodologis penelitian ini dilakukan dalam dua tahapan: penelitian lapangan (kajian atas narasi relief berdasar perspektif ikonologi Panofsky (1971, dan berikutnya penelitian eksperimen terkait penciptaan seni lukis kontemporer berdasar perspektif ‘art practice as a research’ (Sullivan, 2005 yang menunjuk pada tiga tahapan: eksperimen medium, bahasa visual, dan penyusunan konteks yang relevan. Berdasar kajian ikonologi, terutama tahap analisis ikonografi, ditemukan bahwa narasi relief Yeh Pulu bersifat multinarasi, yakni pahatan relief yang memiliki beragam jenis tema cerita, seperti praktik pertanian, berburu, meditasi, pesta, asmara, dan lain-lain. Kemudian konsep multinarasi dalam penciptaan seni lukis kontemporer, menjadi: (a secara medium menggunakan multiteknik dan medium; (b bahasa visual, menghadirkan berbagai adegan secara berulang, terpadu dan bahkan terkesan saling berlawanan; (c konteks yang relevan, dengan memasukan ikon tokok-toko pahlawan dunia pop, seperti superman, superwomen, dan lain-lain. Secara ikonologis, bangunan visual yang mempertemukan adegan multinarasi relief Yeh Pulu dengan narasi kepahlawanan dunia pop, menjadi semakin menguatkan konsep multinarasi dalam membangun pesan kepahlawanan dunia sehari-hari dalam karya seni lukis kontemporer semakin berhasil. Penelitian ini melibatkan: Anak Agung Rai Remawa (pengumpul data, dan  Ni Luh Desi In Diana Sari (fotografi dan layout. This paper serves as an applied research scheme which aims to reveal the concept of multiple narratives of Yeh Pulu Relief, located in Bedulu, Bali, as the basis for the creation of contemporary painting. Methodologically speaking, this study was conducted in two stages: a field research (a field study on the relief narratives based on Panofsky

  5. Students Learn about Chinese Culture through the Folktale "Yeh-Shen": Emphasizing Figurative Language Interpretation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palmer, Barbara C.; Sun, Lingzhi; Leclere, Judith T.

    2012-01-01

    This article will analyze the figurative language that reflects Chinese traditional society and culture in "Yeh-Shen." The authors will consider both the figures of speech and the figures of thought (to include symbolism) that provide insight into an understanding of the Chinese culture through a reading of "Yeh-Shen." This analysis can be used by…

  6. YehZYXW of Escherichia coli Is a Low-Affinity, Non-Osmoregulatory Betaine-Specific ABC Transporter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lang, Shenhui; Cressatti, Marisa; Mendoza, Kris E; Coumoundouros, Chelsea N; Plater, Samantha M; Culham, Doreen E; Kimber, Matthew S; Wood, Janet M

    2015-09-22

    Transporter-mediated osmolyte accumulation stimulates the growth of Escherichia coli in high-osmolality environments. YehZYXW was predicted to be an osmoregulatory transporter because (1) osmotic and stationary phase induction of yehZYXW is mediated by RpoS, (2) the Yeh proteins are homologous to the components of known osmoregulatory ABC transporters (e.g., ProU of E. coli), and (3) YehZ models based on the structures of periplasmic betaine-binding proteins suggested that YehZ retains key betaine-binding residues. The betaines choline-O-sulfate, glycine betaine, and dimethylsulfoniopropionate bound YehZ and ProX with millimolar and micromolar affinities, respectively, as determined by equilibrium dialysis and isothermal titration calorimetry. The crystal structure of the YehZ apoprotein, determined at 1.5 Å resolution (PDB ID: 4WEP ), confirmed its similarity to other betaine-binding proteins. Small and nonpolar residues in the hinge region of YehZ (e.g., Gly223) pack more closely than the corresponding residues in ProX, stabilizing the apoprotein. Betaines bound YehZ-Gly223Ser an order of magnitude more tightly than YehZ, suggesting that weak substrate binding in YehZ is at least partially due to apo state stabilization. Neither ProX nor YehZ bound proline. Assays based on osmoprotection or proline auxotrophy failed to detect YehZYXW-mediated uptake of proline, betaines, or other osmolytes. However, transport assays revealed low-affinity glycine betaine uptake, mediated by YehZYXW, that was inhibited at high salinity. Thus, YehZYXW is a betaine transporter that shares substrate specificity, but not an osmoregulatory function, with homologues like E. coli ProU. Other work suggests that yehZYXW may be an antivirulence locus whose expression promotes persistent, asymptomatic bacterial infection.

  7. [Summary of Hui prescriptions for treating cough].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Wen-jin; Liu, Yue; Zhang, Xin-hui

    2015-02-01

    In this study, by using the method of literature research, 35 prescriptions related to asthma therapy has been screened out from Hui medicine through collecting the ancient and modern literature. A comparison of fragrant medicine between the name in Arab and Chinese herbal medicine is done. The countif function in Microsoft Excel 2007 is used to get the prescriptions of the drug on the frequency statistics, summarizing the common drugs of Hui medicine for asthma are Pinellia, almond, white sugar, walnut. According to the commonly used drugs, the pathogeny and treatment principle about Hui medicine for asthma is preliminarily inferred combining literature research and the related Hui medical theory. In this study, those prescriptions have been classified into 21 cases which are effective and can be used in medical therapy according to the relevant literatures with the development of the Hui people in their long process of formation of the unique diet culture, 14 useful and convenient Halal diet therapies are made up according to the indications, therapies, party name and composition. Halal diet and "medicine and food" herbs are preliminarily analyzed and summarized, which can be convenient for the people to reduce pains through the diet and improve health awareness.

  8. Gebruik van elektriciteit: Domotica: Huis van de toekomst: Klas 4 vwo (docentversie)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Buuren, O.; van der Lee, M.

    2009-01-01

    Deze module behandelt elektriciteit en automatisering in huis. We richten ons daarbij ook op het huis van de toekomst. Bij de elektriciteitsleer ligt de nadruk op het gebruik van elektriciteit in huis, bij de automatisering op intelligente systemen in huis.

  9. SOSIALISASI KONSEP PARIWISATA BERKELANJUTAN DALAM PENGELOLAAN OBJEK WISATA PANTAI YEH GANGGA KABUPATEN TABANAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    AGUS MURIAWAN PUTRA

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT The Bali Sustainable Development Project suggested that the sustainable development concept for Bali should reflect a balance between economy, environment and culture. This should, therefore incorporate the need for continuity of natural resources and production, the need for continuity of culture and the balances within culture, and development as an "optimum process" that can enhance quality of life. The Bali Sustainable Development Project has developed seven special criteria : (1 ecological integrity (2 efficiency (3 equity: (4cultural integrity (5 community (6 to integrate key factors, such as economy, environment, and agriculture and tourism; and (7 to enhance the capabilities of its institutions at all levels to address all needs and improve quality of life. Yeh Gangga Beach, the tourism destination in Tabanan was given a presentation from the Tourism Program of Udayana University about “Tourism Sustainable in Yeh Gangga Beach”. Responses from the people were very enthusiastics and positif because according factual issues in that destination, the people want to participate directly to increase the profit from that tourism activities.

  10. The impact of nonpolar lipids on the regulation of the steryl ester hydrolases Tgl1p and Yeh1p in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klein, Isabella; Korber, Martina; Athenstaedt, Karin; Daum, Günther

    2017-12-01

    In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae degradation of steryl esters is catalyzed by the steryl ester hydrolases Tgl1p, Yeh1p and Yeh2p. The two steryl ester hydrolases Tgl1p and Yeh1p localize to lipid droplets, a cell compartment storing steryl esters and triacylglycerols. In the present study we investigated regulatory aspects of these two hydrolytic enzymes, namely the gene expression level, protein amount, stability and enzyme activity of Tgl1p and Yeh1p in strains lacking both or only one of the two major nonpolar lipids, steryl esters and triacylglycerols. In a strain lacking both nonpolar lipids and consequently lipid droplets, Tgl1p as well as Yeh1p were present at low amount, became highly unstable compared to wild-type cells, and lost their enzymatic activity. Under these conditions both steryl ester hydrolases were retained in the endoplasmic reticulum. The lack of steryl esters alone was not sufficient to cause an altered intracellular localization of Tgl1p and Yeh1p. Surprisingly, the stability of Tgl1p and Yeh1p was markedly reduced in a strain lacking triacylglycerols, but their capacity to mobilize steryl esters remained unaffected. We also tested a possible cross-regulation of Tgl1p and Yeh1p by analyzing the behavior of each hydrolase in the absence of its counterpart steryl ester hydrolases. In summary, this study demonstrates a strong regulation of the two lipid droplet associated steryl ester hydrolases Tgl1p and Yeh1p due to the presence/absence of their host organelle. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  11. Gebruik van elektriciteit: Domotica: Huis van de toekomst: Klas 4 havo

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Buuren, O.; van der Lee, M.

    2008-01-01

    Deze module behandelt elektriciteit en automatisering in huis. We richten ons daarbij ook op het huis van de toekomst. Bij de elektriciteitsleer ligt de nadruk op het gebruik van elektriciteit in huis, bij de automatisering op intelligente systemen in huis. Er komt een vervolg module domotica 2 als

  12. [Decipherment and annotation of some terms in the remnant scrolls of Hui hui yao fang (Huihui Formularies)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Y; Wang, J

    2017-05-28

    The etymology of the terms in Hui hui yao fang ( Huihui Formularies ) is complicated. Their origin might be Arabian, Persian, or Sanskrit, or even the northern dialects of Han language during the Yuan and Ming Dynasties. There are obvious mistakes or indefinite decipherments and interpretations of the terms in Song Xian's Investigated Annotations of Huihui Formularies . There are also missing annotations for those transliterated terms. To tackle such defects, 12 such terms are deciphered and annotated here.

  13. La recherche alpine aujourd’hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Jacques Brun

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Alpine research benefits from several international coordination networks, only one of which – ISCAR (the International Scientific Committee on Research in the Alps – works solely in the Alpine arc. The creation of ISCAR is a consequence of the input and involvement of various Alpine partners around the Alpine Convention. Alpine research now aims to promote an integrated vision of Alpine territories focusing on creating and maintaining spatial and temporal networks of sustainable relationships between humans and the other components of the ecosphere. It combines resource usage with conservation of the biological and cultural diversity that makes up the Alpine identity. This article aims to show: (1 how international Alpine research coordination is organised; (2 the role played by the Alpine Convention as a framework of reference for specifically Alpine research; and (3 the role that the ISCAR international commit-tee and the Interreg “Alpine Space” programmes play in uniting research around territorial challenges relating to biodiversity conservation and territorial development.La recherche sur les Alpes bénéficie de plusieurs réseaux de coordination internationaux dont un seul, le comité international recherche alpine (ISCAR, se consacre exclusivement à l’arc alpin. La création de l’ISCAR est une retombée de la mobilisation des divers partenaires alpins autour de la mise en place de la Convention alpine. Aujourd’hui, la recherche alpine vise à promouvoir une vision intégrée des territoires centrée sur la création et le maintien d’un réseau spatial et temporel de relations durables entre les hommes et les autres composantes de l’écosphère. Elle associe étroitement la mise en valeur des ressources et la conservation des diversités biologiques et culturelles qui constituent l’identité alpine. Cet article a pour ambition de montrer : (1 comment s’organise la coordination internationale des recherches sur les

  14. Evaluating the discriminatory power of EQ-5D, HUI2 and HUI3 in a US general population survey using Shannon's indices

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Janssen, Mathieu F. Bas; Birnie, Erwin; Bonsel, Gouke J.

    2007-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: To compare quantitatively the discriminatory power of the EQ-5D, HUI2 and HUI3 in terms of absolute and relative informativity, using Shannon's indices. METHODS: EQ-5D and HUI2/3 data completed by a sample of the general adult US population (N = 3,691) were used. Five dimensions allowed

  15. Rehabilitation and reconstruction of Islamic Architectural Heritage in China: the example of the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region

    OpenAIRE

    Huang Lijun; François N. Dubé

    2015-01-01

    The Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, located in Northwestern China, has the highest concentration of Hui Muslims in China: around 34% of the local population is Hui Muslim. Following the anti-religious campaigns of the communist regime and the wide destruction of the Cultural Revolution, Hui Muslims began gradually to reclaim their Muslim heritage in the late 70's. A major aspect of the rediscovery of their Islamic heritage was the Rehabilitation and reconstruction of Islamic Architectural buil...

  16. Prognostic analysis and comparison of colon cancer in Han and Hui patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Mei; Zhao, Qu-Chuan; Liu, Yan-Peng; Yang, Lei; Zhu, Hong-Ming; Chhetri, Jagadish K

    2014-05-07

    To investigate the relevant prognostic factors and their differences between colorectal cancer (CRC) patients of Chinese Han and Hui ethnicities in the Beijing region. A retrospective analysis of 880 patients diagnosed with CRC at Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University between September 2001 and September 2011 was performed. Among the 880 patients, 398 and 482 were Hui and Han, respectively. Characteristics including sex, age, diet, tumor size, primary tumor site, Dukes' stage and degree of differentiation were analyzed for their influence on prognosis. Data on dietary structures were recorded through a questionnaire survey conducted during the patient's first visit, return visit or follow-up checkups. Among patients with colon cancer, the 5-year survival rate for patients of Hui ethnicity was lower than that for Han patients (P = 0.025). Six risk factors (age of onset, dietary structure, tumor size, Dukes' stage, location of cancer and degree of differentiation) in both Han and Hui patients were identified as prognostic factors (P dietary structure was a statistically significant factor, and diet varied significantly between the two ethnic groups. Dietary structure has a significant influence on colon cancer prognosis among Han and Hui patients with colon cancer in Beijing, which may cause a difference in their survival rates.

  17. Comparison of Genetic Variants in Cancer-Related Genes between Chinese Hui and Han Populations.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chaoyong Tian

    Full Text Available The Chinese Hui population, as the second largest minority ethnic group in China, may have a different genetic background from Han people because of its unique demographic history. In this study, we aimed to identify genetic differences between Han and Hui Chinese from the Ningxia region of China by comparing eighteen single nucleotide polymorphisms in cancer-related genes.DNA samples were collected from 99 Hui and 145 Han people from the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region in China, and SNPs were detected using an improved multiplex ligase detection reaction method. Genotyping data from six 1000 Genomes Project population samples (99 Utah residents with northern and western European ancestry (CEU, 107 Toscani in Italy (TSI, 108 Yoruba in Ibadan (YRI, 61 of African ancestry in the southwestern US (ASW, 103 Han Chinese in Beijing (CHB, and 104 Japanese in Tokyo (JPT were also included in this study. Differences in the distribution of alleles among the populations were assessed using χ2 tests, and FST was used to measure the degree of population differentiation.We found that the genetic diversity of many SNPs in cancer-related genes in the Hui Chinese in Ningxia was different from that in the Han Chinese in Ningxia. For example, the allele frequencies of four SNPs (rs13361707, rs2274223, rs465498, and rs753955 showed different genetic distributions (p0.000 between the Hui and Han populations.These results suggest that some SNPs associated with cancer-related genes vary among different Chinese ethnic groups. We suggest that population differences should be carefully considered in evaluating cancer risk and prognosis as well as the efficacy of cancer therapy.

  18. Proof and Pedagogy in Ancient China: Examples from Liu Hui's Commentary on "JIU ZHANG SUAN SHU".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siu, Man-Keung

    1993-01-01

    Illustrates the pedagogical implications embodied in Liu Hui's discussion on the ancient Chinese mathematical classic "JIU ZHANG SUAN SHU" (Nine Chapters on the Mathematical Art) with respect to aspects of proof and, more generally, the role of proof in mathematics. Provides examples involving area and volume. (Contains 25 references.)…

  19. Investigation of natural radioactivity level of the waters in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jing Yupei; Wang Li; Tian Yi; Ai Xianyuan; Liang Ningbu

    1995-01-01

    This paper reports the investigation results of natural radioactivity level in river, lake, reservoir, spring, well and tap water in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region. There were totally 117 samples collected from 84 measuring points. The results show that the radioactivity level of varied water bodies of the region was within normal natural background

  20. Drying characteristics of hui ink at 25 °C and 35 °C

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Yang; Yao, Yao; Liu, Le; Wang, Fengwen; Yang, Shuyun

    2018-05-01

    Temperature and humidity are the main factors affecting the drying of Hui ink. For the experiment, fresh Hui ink billets from two big ink industries were selected. We tried to find the fast and efficient drying conditions of Hui ink and calculate effective diffusion coefficient by performing manual control of temperature and relative humidity (RH). Several dry kinetic models were fitted. A constant temperature incubator was utilized for temperature control, while humidification and dehumidification were implemented accordingly for RH control. Setups of 25 °C and 35 °C were designed, and a relative humidity of 60%, 65%, 70%, and 75% was applied for each temperature. The process of ink drying was recorded, and the drying effect of Hui ink was estimated through expert decision. The appropriate drying temperature and humidity of the Jinbuhuan(J) and Huangshansongyan(H) ink billets from Lao Hu Kai Wen Ink Industry are at (31.99 ± 1.41) °C and (55.84 ± 10.38)% RH, whereas those of the Songyantanhei(ST), Chunyouyan(CY), and Quansongyan(QS) ink billets from Ju Mo Tang Ink Industry are at (23.70 ± 2.19) °C and (60.56 ± 2.16)% RH or (34.56 ± 2.37) °C and (59.16 ± 6.38)% RH; Initial moisture content of Hui ink has great influence on the water loss in the drying process; The effective diffusion coefficient of the ink lump ranges from 8.41538E-07 to 1.95891E-06 m2·s-1, and increases mainly with the temperature's rising; Logarithmic model fits best of the chosen models.

  1. Rehabilitation and reconstruction of Islamic Architectural Heritage in China: the example of the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huang Lijun

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, located in Northwestern China, has the highest concentration of Hui Muslims in China: around 34% of the local population is Hui Muslim. Following the anti-religious campaigns of the communist regime and the wide destruction of the Cultural Revolution, Hui Muslims began gradually to reclaim their Muslim heritage in the late 70's. A major aspect of the rediscovery of their Islamic heritage was the Rehabilitation and reconstruction of Islamic Architectural buildings. As of today, Ningxia counts 4,500 mosques and other religious buildings. The present article seeks to introduce the architectural tendencies at play in this reconstruction, specifically the role of competing Arabic and Chinese influences.

  2. Association Study between Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome and the Susceptibility Genes Polymorphisms in Hui Chinese Women.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lingxia Ha

    Full Text Available Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS is one of the most common endocrine-metabolic disorders. Evidence of familial aggregation analysis and different clinical traits among different regions and ethnicities indicated that the pathogenesis of PCOS is associated with multiple genetic and environmental factors. Our previous research had identified three susceptibility loci (rs2479106, DENND1A; rs13405728, LHCGR; rs13429458, THADA for PCOS in Han Chinese women. The overall aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between three susceptibility gene polymorphisms and PCOS in Hui ethnic women.151 patients with PCOS (case group and 99 healthy women (control group were recruited from the Reproductive Medicine Center of the General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University. Clinical data and serum hormone characteristics of case and control groups were collected and analyzed. The three susceptibility single-nucleotide polymorphisms have been replicated in both case and control groups. Gene polymorphisms were detected by direct sequencing after polymerase chain reaction.The Body Mass Index, LH, LH/FSH ratio and total testosterone were significantly elevated in PCOS patients compared to control group (P0.05.The present study suggested that the SNP rs13405728 in the LHCGR gene was associated with PCOS in Hui ethnic women, and its TT genotype characterized with higher level of TT, TG and LDL.

  3. Mapping MOS-HIV to HUI3 and EQ-5D-3L in Patients With HIV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vilija R. Joyce MS

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: The Medical Outcomes Study HIV Health Survey (MOS-HIV is frequently used in HIV clinical trials; however, scores generated from the MOS-HIV are not suited for cost-effectiveness analyses as they do not assign utility values to health states. Our objective was to estimate and externally validate several mapping algorithms to predict Health Utilities Index Mark 3 (HUI3 and EQ-5D-3L utility values from the MOS-HIV. Methods: We developed and validated mapping algorithms using data from two HIV clinical trials. Data from the first trial (n = 367 formed the estimation data set for the HUI3 (4,610 observations and EQ-5D-3L (4,662 observations mapping algorithms; data from the second trial (n = 168 formed the HUI3 (1,135 observations and EQ-5D-3L (1,152 observations external validation data set. We compared ordinary least squares (OLS models of increasing complexity with the more flexible two-part, beta regression, and finite mixture models. We assessed model performance using mean absolute error (MAE and mean squared error (MSE. Results: The OLS model that used MOS-HIV dimension scores along with squared terms gave the best HUI3 predictions (mean observed 0.84; mean predicted 0.80; MAE 0.0961; the finite mixture model gave the best EQ-5D-3L predictions (mean observed 0.90; mean predicted 0.88; MAE 0.0567. All models produced higher prediction errors at the lower end of the HUI3 and EQ-5D-3L score ranges (<0.40. Conclusions: The proposed mapping algorithms can be used to predict HUI3 and EQ-5D-3L utility values from the MOS-HIV, although greater error may pose a problem in samples where a substantial proportion of patients are in poor health. These algorithms may be useful for estimating utility values from the MOS-HIV for cost-effectiveness studies when HUI3 or EQ-5D-3L data are not available.

  4. Drought Adaptation in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China: Actions, Planning, Pathways and Barriers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jianping Yang

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (NX region of Northwestern China is threatened by increased meteorological drought induced by climate change (CC and constraints on water supply from the Yellow River. Thus, the NX region is representative of attempts to adapt to CC and variability in China’s arid regions. Field visits, a questionnaire and in situ inspections were conducted in 2012–2014 to understand people’s perception and awareness of drought and its impact, particularly with respect to adaptation strategies. We mainly focused on drought adaptation actions and planning implemented at the government level under the double pressures of drought and allocation. We described a suitable adaptation pathway for socio-economic sustainable development and discussed existing adaptation barriers. Construction of modern efficient water-saving agriculture lies at the core of drought adaptation, with socio-economic sustainable development being the ultimate goal. To achieve this, policies and institutional, engineering, technological, structural and social initiatives and measures—classified into macro adaptation strategies and specific coping measures—are implemented. Adaptation often encounters obstacles, e.g., policy issues from household contract responsibility systems, funding difficulties of low-income farmers, traditional behavioral habits and low education and literacy levels among farmers. The adaptation pathway involves the construction of modern efficient water-saving agriculture. Agricultural water savings are then transferred to developed industries, which back-feed socio-economic sustainable development in the NX region.

  5. Marie Curie, les femmes et la science, d'hier à aujourd'hui - English

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN. Geneva

    2017-01-01

    Marie Curie, les femmes et la science, d'hier à aujourd'hui Conférence par Hélène Langevin-Joliot Avec la participation de l'Echo du Reculet de Thoiry. L'enregistrement et la liste d'attente sont déjà complets... Mais il n'est pas rare que des personnes réservent et ne viennent pas. Nous réassignerons les places libérées selon la règle "premier arrivé, premier inscrit". Nous envisageons la possibilité de faire un webcast de la conférence. Plus d'information bientôt. Hélène Langevin-Joliot, directrice de recherche émérite en physique nucléaire fondamentale au CNRS à Orsay, est aussi la fille de Frédéric et Irène Joliot-Curie (prix Nobel de chimie en 1935) et la petite-fille de Pierre Curie (prix Nobel de physique en 1903) et de Marie Curie (prix Nobel de physique en 1903 et prix Nobel de chimie en 1911). Hélène Langevin-Joliot nous parlera de sa vie scientifique, de l’histoire extraordinaire de sa famille et en particulier du rôle des ...

  6. Marie Curie, les femmes et la science, d'hier à aujourd'hui

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN. Geneva; Mariotti, Chiara; Vicinanza, Domenico

    2017-01-01

    Marie Curie, les femmes et la science, d'hier à aujourd'hui Conférence par Hélène Langevin-Joliot Avec la participation de l'Echo du Reculet de Thoiry. L'enregistrement et la liste d'attente sont déjà complets... Mais il n'est pas rare que des personnes réservent et ne viennent pas. Nous réassignerons les places libérées selon la règle "premier arrivé, premier inscrit". Au vu de la forte demande, la conférence sera également disponible en vidéoconférence : lien d'accès "webcast" disponible en bas de cette page. Hélène Langevin-Joliot, directrice de recherche émérite en physique nucléaire fondamentale au CNRS à Orsay, est aussi la fille de Frédéric et Irène Joliot-Curie (prix Nobel de chimie en 1935) et la petite-fille de Pierre Curie (prix Nobel de physique en 1903) et de Marie Curie (prix Nobel de physique en 1903 et prix Nobel de chimie en 1911). Hélène Langevin-Joliot nous parlera de sa vie scientifique, de l’histoire extraordinai...

  7. Appendix I1-2 to Wind HUI Initiative 1: Field Campaign Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    John Zack; Deborah Hanley; Dora Nakafuji

    2012-07-15

    This report is an appendix to the Hawaii WindHUI efforts to dev elop and operationalize short-term wind forecasting and wind ramp event forecasting capabilities. The report summarizes the WindNET field campaign deployment experiences and challenges. As part of the WindNET project on the Big Island of Hawaii, AWS Truepower (AWST) conducted a field campaign to assess the viability of deploying a network of monitoring systems to aid in local wind energy forecasting. The data provided at these monitoring locations, which were strategically placed around the Big Island of Hawaii based upon results from the Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study (OWITS) observational targeting study (Figure 1), provided predictive indicators for improving wind forecasts and developing responsive strategies for managing real-time, wind-related system events. The goal of the field campaign was to make measurements from a network of remote monitoring devices to improve 1- to 3-hour look ahead forecasts for wind facilities.

  8. [Carbon sequestration status of forest ecosystems in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Yang; Jin, Jing-Wei; Cheng, Ji-Min; Su, Ji-Shuai; Zhu, Ren-Bin; Ma, Zheng-Rui; Liu, Wei

    2014-03-01

    Based on the data of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region forest resources inventory, field investigation and laboratory analysis, this paper studied the carbon sequestration status of forest ecosystems in Ningxia region, estimated the carbon density and storage of forest ecosystems, and analyzed their spatial distribution characteristics. The results showed that the biomass of each forest vegetation component was in the order of arbor layer (46.64 Mg x hm(-2)) > litterfall layer (7.34 Mg x hm(-2)) > fine root layer (6.67 Mg x hm(-2)) > shrub-grass layer (0.73 Mg x hm(-2)). Spruce (115.43 Mg x hm(-2)) and Pinus tabuliformis (94.55 Mg x hm(-2)) had higher vegetation biomasses per unit area than other tree species. Over-mature forest had the highest arbor carbon density among the forests with different ages. However, the young forest had the highest arbor carbon storage (1.90 Tg C) due to its widest planted area. Overall, the average carbon density of forest ecosystems in Ningxia region was 265.74 Mg C x hm(-2), and the carbon storage was 43.54 Tg C. Carbon density and storage of vegetation were 27.24 Mg C x hm(-2) and 4.46 Tg C, respectively. Carbon storage in the soil was 8.76 times of that in the vegetation. In the southern part of Ningxia region, the forest carbon storage was higher than in the northern part, where the low C storage was mainly related to the small forest area and young forest age structure. With the improvement of forest age structure and the further implementation of forestry ecoengineering, the forest ecosystems in Ningxia region would achieve a huge carbon sequestration potential.

  9. « Comment le sais-tu ? ». La paralepse, aujourd’hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frank Wagner

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available À partir des définitions genettiennes de la paralepse (excès d’informations par rapport au code modal dominant, il s’agit de cerner les usages et les fonctions du procédé dans la littérature narrative d’aujourd’hui, en relation homo- ou hétérodiégétique, en régime fictionnel ou semi-fictionnel. Des exemples prélevés dans divers récits contemporains (de Roegiers, Toussaint, Carrère, Echenoz permettent de constater que la paralepse assure un renouvellement du soupçon à l’époque actuelle, en jouant un rôle de révélateur épistémologique. En effet, ce procédé narratif paradoxal engage une réflexion en acte sur la fiction, son perspectivisme, ses capacités de modélisation, et ses pouvoirs heuristiques.Based upon Gerard Genette’s definitions of paralepsis, (information exceeding that normally offered by the dominant mode of narrative focalisation, this article seeks to outline the uses and functions of the device in contemporary narrative literature, through its homo and heterodiegetic positioning in both fictional and semi-fictional texts. Examples taken from a variety of contemporary stories (Roegiers, Toussaint, Carrère, Echenoz allow us to see that paralepsis plays a role of epistemological indicator, facilitating a contemporary renewal of suspicion (le soupçon concerning narration. In fact, this paradoxical narrative device brings about a reflection upon fiction, its perspectivism, its modelling capabilities and heuristic capacities.

  10. Using Health Utility Index (HUI for Measuring the Impact on Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQL Among Individuals with Chronic Diseases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frank Mo

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Quality of life is an important indicator in assessing the burden of disease, especially for chronic conditions. The Health Utilities Index (HUI is a recently developed system for measuring the overall health status and health-related quality of life (HRQL of individuals, clinical groups, and general populations. Using the HUI (constructed based on eight attributes: vision, hearing, speech, mobility, dexterity, cognition, emotion, and pain/discomfort to measure the HRQL for chronic disease patients and to detect possible associations between HUI system and various chronic conditions, this study provides information to improve the management of chronic diseases.This study is of interest to data analysts, policy makers, and public health practitioners involved in descriptive clinical studies, clinical trials, program evaluation, population health planning, and assessments. Based on the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS for 2000–01, the HUI was used to measure the quality of life for individuals living with various chronic conditions (Alzheimer/other dementia, effects of stroke, urinary incontinence, arthritis/rheumatism, bowel disorder, cataracts, back problems, stomach/intestinal ulcers, emphysema/COPD, chronic bronchitis, epilepsy, heart disease, diabetes, migraine headaches, glaucoma, asthma, fibromyalgia, cancers, high blood pressure, multiple sclerosis, thyroid condition, and other remaining chronic diseases. Logistic Regression Model was employed to estimate the associations between the overall HUI scores and various chronic conditions. The HUI scores ranged from 0.00 (corresponding to a state close to death to 1.00 (corresponding to perfect health; negative scores reflect health states considered worse than death. The mean HUI score by sex and age group indicated the typical quality of life for persons with various chronic conditions. Logistic Regression results showed a strong relationship between low HUI scores (≤ 0.5 and 0.06

  11. A Novel Pharmacological Method to Study the Chinese Medicinal Formula Hua-Zheng-Hui-Sheng-Dan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rui Cao

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives. Hua-Zheng-Hui-Sheng-Dan (HZHSD was used as an experimental model to explore research methods of large formulae in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM using current molecular biology approaches. Materials and Methods. The trypan blue exclusion assay was used to determine cell viability and cell numbers. Flow cytometry was used to assess cell cycle distribution and apoptosis. The concentration of cyclin D1 was analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The median effect principle was used in drug combination studies. An orthogonal experimental design was used to estimate the effects of each herb at different concentrations. The HeLa xenograft mouse model was used to compare the antitumor activity of drugs in vivo. Results. Among the 35 herbs that comprise HZHSD, Radix Rehmanniae Preparata (RRP, Caesalpinia sappan (CS, Evodia rutaecarpa (ER, Folium Artemisiae Argyi (FAA, Leonurus japonicus Houtt (LJH, Tumeric (Tu, Radix Paeoniae Alba (RPA, and Trogopterus Dung (TD effectively inhibited the proliferation of HeLa and SKOV3 cells. Only RRR had an effect on HeLa and SKOV3 cell viability. According to the median effect principle, Angelica sinensis (Oliv. (AS, Tabanus (Ta, and Pollen Typhae (PT, which were proven to have a significant synergistic inhibitory effect on the proliferation of HeLa cells, were added to the original eight positive herbs. The combination of RPA and AS had a synergistic effect on inducing cell cycle S phase arrest and decreasing intracellular cyclin D1 in HeLa cells. By orthogonal experimental design, LJH and Tu were considered unnecessary herbs. The small formula (SHZHSD consisted of RPA, AS, RRR, Ta., TD, PT, ER, CS, and FAA and was able to inhibit cell proliferation and induce cell apoptosis. The antitumor effects of HZHSD and SHZHSD were also compared in vivo. Conclusions. Through molecular biology approaches both in vitro and in vivo, research into single drugs, and analysis using the median effect principle

  12. Identification and phylogenetic analysis of a sheep pox virus isolated from the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region of China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, X L; Yang, F; Li, H X; Dou, Y X; Meng, X L; Li, H; Luo, X N; Cai, X P

    2013-05-14

    An outbreak of sheep pox was investigated in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region in China. Through immunofluorescence testing, isolated viruses, polymerase chain reaction identification, and electron microscopic examination, the isolated strain was identified as a sheep pox virus. The virus was identified through sequence and phylogenetic analysis of the P32 gene, open reading frame (ORF) 095, and ORF 103 genes. This study is the first to use the ORF 095 and ORF 103 genes as candidate genes for the analysis of sheep pox. The results showed that the ORF 095 and ORF 103 genes could be used for the genotyping of the sheep pox virus.

  13. Transaction Pattern Based on Secondary Clientelism, Business Ideology and Market Development: The case of lime market in Hui Town

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Secondary clientelism is a special exchange relationship derived from primary clientelism. The market with transactions dependent on the secondary clientelism would be”because of”erembeddedness”. Using the lime market in Hui Town as a case, this paper tries to explore why this kind of markets could achieve market order from the perspective of the interconnection of market structure and market culture. Analysis demonstrates that, the coupling induction of structural embeddedness and cultural embeddedness is the deeper mechanism for the market development. Although the new business ideology and transactional dependence on networks originate from market structural transitions, active construction and choice behaviors of the manufacturers still manifest great importance.

  14. Hawaii Utility Integration Initiatives to Enable Wind (Wind HUI) Final Technical Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dora Nakafuji; Lisa Dangelmaier; Chris Reynolds

    2012-07-15

    monitoring using PMU devices and enhanced grid analysis tools; and Initiative 3: Identifying grid automation and smart technology architecture retrofit/improvement opportunities following a systematic review approach, inclusive of increasing renewables and variable distributed generation. Each of the initiative was conducted in partnership with industry technology and equipment providers to facilitate utility deployment experiences inform decision making, assess supporting infrastructure cost considerations, showcase state of the technology, address integration hurdles with viable workarounds. For each initiative, a multi-phased approach was followed that included 1) investigative planning and review of existing state-of-the-art, 2) hands on deployment experiences and 3) process implementation considerations. Each phase of the approach allowed for mid-course corrections, process review and change to any equipment/devices to be used by the utilities. To help the island grids transform legacy infrastructure, the Wind HUI provided more systematic approaches and exposure with vendor/manufacturers, hand-on review and experience with the equipment not only from the initial planning stages but through to deployment and assessment of field performance of some of the new, remote sensing and high-resolution grid monitoring technologies. HELCO became one of the first utilities in the nation to install and operate a high resolution (WindNet) network of remote sensing devices such as radiometers and SODARs to enable a short-term ramp event forecasting capability. This utility-industry and federal government partnership produced new information on wind energy forecasting including new data additions to the NOAA MADIS database; addressed remote sensing technology performance and O&M (operations and maintenance) challenges; assessed legacy equipment compatibility issues and technology solutions; evaluated cyber-security concerns; and engaged in community outreach opportunities that will

  15. [Flipping moxibustion of Hui medicine combined with western medication for rheumatoid arthritis with cold dampness bi syndrome].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Shunji; Ye, Gaxi; Zhang, Yu; Guan, Shuting; Liu, Xiufen; Ren, Wenjing

    2017-10-12

    To compare the effects of flipping moxibustion of Hui medicine combined with western medication and simple western medication for rheumatoid arthritis with cold dampness bi syndrome. Eighty patients were randomly assigned into an observation group and a control group, 40 cases in each group. Oral methotrexate (1 time a week) and sulfasalazine (twice a day except the day for methotrexate) were used in the two groups. Patients in the observation group were treated with flipping moxibustion of Hui medicine, twice a week. The main acupoints were Shenshu (BL 23), Guanyuan (CV 4), Zusanli (ST 36), Yinlingquan (SP 9), and the matching acupoints were in the meridians related to the disease location. All the treatment was given for continuous 4 weeks. The TCM symptom score, visual analogue scale (VAS) score, blood sedimentation (ESR), rheumatoid factor (RF) and C-reactive protein (CRP) were observed before and after treatment. The effect was evaluated. The total effect rate in the observation group was 95.0% (38/40), which was better than 77.5% (31/40) in the control group ( P bi syndrome are better than simple western medication, which are safer and more effective.

  16. La république en Grande-Bretagne aujourd’hui : une idée anglaise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antoine MIOCHE

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available Il peut paraître y avoir un paradoxe à parler de république aujourd’hui en Grande-Bretagne en ceci que seule ou presque la Grande-Bretagne, de ce qui fut le vaste Empire britannique, est demeurée une monarchie. Des États-Unis à la Rhodésie, en passant par l’Inde et l’Irlande (à l’exception importante du nord de l’île, les anciens territoires britanniques ont opté majoritairement pour un régime parlementaire non monarchique, l’Australie, le Canada et la Nouvelle-Zélande étant d’intéressantes ...

  17. [Improvement of universal salt iodization program on the intelligence quotient among children in Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture of Gansu].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cao, Yong-qin; Wang, Yan-ling; Zhu, Xiao-nan; Dou, Yu-gui; Li, Hong-bo; Sun, Wei; Zheng, Jing

    2012-09-01

    To assess the improvement of intelligence quotient through an Universal Salt Iodization Supply Program, among children. 3518 and 1611 children were selected from primary schools in Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture of Gansu in 2006 and 2010 respectively. Intelligence quotient (IQ) were measured by the revised Chinese Combined Raven Test-C2 (CRT-C2). In 2006, the average IQ of children aged 8-10 was 85.1, including 16.7% of them with IQ ≤ 69. The average IQ was between 80-90 in different counties and cities, with significant differences (P 0.05). The average IQ of children aged 8-10 in 2010 was 97.2 and 12 points higher than in 2006 (P 0.05), but in boys (98.8) and in girls (95.9) the difference was significant (P intelligence. However, the average IQ was still lower than the average level of the whole Gansu province in 2010.

  18. Business Ethics of The Hui Nationality & Its Contemporary Significance%回族的商业伦理思想及其当代意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓华; 吕广文

    2012-01-01

      回族起源于唐宋时期阿拉伯地区的来华商人,是一个以商为本的民族。回族商人在长期的经济活动中形成了一套集法律、宗教、道德于一体的商业伦理思想,在这一独具特色思想的指导下,回民族的经济健康、有序地发展,民族不断繁荣强大。在今天的社会主义市场经济体制下,弘扬回族商业伦理思想,仍然具有十分重要的现实指导意义。%  The Hui Nationality originated from the Arabian merchants came to china in the Tang and Song Dynasties, it is a business-oriented nation. By the long-term economic activities, Hui merchants formed a set of business ethics incorporating the law, religion and morality. Under the guidance of this unique idea, Hui's economy achieves sound and orderly development, and their nation becomes more and more prosperous and powerful. In the context of today’s socialist market economic system, carrying forward the business ethics of the Hui Nationality sill has important practical and guiding significance.

  19. 回族独特法律意识成因初探%The Preliminary Study on the Hui Ethnicity Unique Legal Consciousness

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高研秋

    2015-01-01

    As a special form of social consciousness ,legal consciousness is the general name of people’ s thinking about the law and legal phenomena ,concepts ,ideas ,knowledge and psychology .Contemporary Hui ethnicity legal consciousness ,which is a special awareness of the law ,is different from legal con‐sciousness of Han nationality . Based on the empirical investigation of contemporary Hui ethnicity students’ legal consciousness ,this paper obtained the following causes of Hui ethnicity legal conscious‐ness:the cultural core settled dow n from the formation of the Hui nationality ,w hich survived from the Han cultural identity and change with its own characteristics ;sharia law and ethics contained in Koran and hadith is a determining factor on the formation of Hui ethnicity legal consciousness ;mosque education is a special educational support and place for Hui people learning and passing on their religious law .%法律意识是社会意识的一个特殊形式,是人们关于法和法律现象的思想、理念、观点、知识和心理的总和。当代回族法律意识作为一种特殊群体的法律意识有别于汉族法律意识。本文在实证调查基础之上,得出了以下回族法律意识成因:回族族群的形成过程中,与汉文化的认同与变迁中沉淀下来的“融而不化”、“和而不同”的文化内核;《古兰经》、“圣训”蕴含的伊斯兰教法及道德规范对回族法律意识观的形成具有决定因素;回族群众具有特殊的教育载体及特殊的宗教法传习场所———“经堂”。

  20. Impact of anthropogenic and natural environmental changes on Echinococcus transmission in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, the People's Republic of China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Yu Rong; Clements, Archie C A; Gray, Darren J; Atkinson, Jo-An M; Williams, Gail M; Barnes, Tamsin S; McManus, Donald P

    2012-07-24

    Echinococcus transmission is known to be affected by various environmental factors, which may be modified by human influence or natural events including global warming. Considerable population growth in the last fifty years in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (NHAR), the People's Republic of China (PRC), has led to dramatic increases in deforestation and modified agricultural practices. In turn, this has resulted in many changes in the habitats for the definitive and intermediate hosts of both Echinococcus granulosus and E. multilocularis, which have increased the risks for transmission of both parasites, affecting echinococcosis prevalence and human disease. Ecological environmental changes due to anthropogenic activities and natural events drive Echinococcus transmission and NHAR provides a notable example illustrating how human activity can impact on a parasitic infection of major public health significance. It is very important to continually monitor these environmental (including climatic) factors that drive the distribution of Echinococcus spp. and their impact on transmission to humans because such information is necessary to formulate reliable future public health policy for echinococcosis control programs and to prevent disease spread.

  1. De middeleeuwse ambachtelijke wijk van Pamele (stad Oudenaarde, Oost-Vlaanderen). Het onderzoek in het Huis de Lalaing. 1. De pottenbakkersovens

    OpenAIRE

    De Groote, K.

    1994-01-01

    In april 1988 werd pottenbakkersafval aangetroffen bij graafwerken op de binnenkoer van het Huis de Lalaing te Oudenaarde. Dankzij de snelle tussenkomst van het stadsbestuur, en in het bijzonder van de toenmalige schepen van cultuur, Jean-Pierre Van der Meiren, werden de werken stilgelegd. Het bedreigde terrein, dat eigendom is van de stad, werd voor archeologisch onderzoek ter beschikking gesteld van het I.A.P.. De opgravingen werden voltooid in januari 1989

  2. Appendix I3-1 to Wind HUI Initiative 1: AWST-WindNET-Phase 1 Final Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    John Zack

    2012-07-15

    This report is an appendix to the Hawaii WindHUI efforts to develop and operationalize short-term wind forecasting and wind ramp event forecasting capabilities. The report summarizes the WindNET Phase 1 efforts on the Big Island of Hawaii and includes descriptions of modeling methodologies, use of field validation data, results and recommendations. The objective of the WindNET project was to investigate the improvement that could be obtained in short-term wind power forecasting for wind generation facilities operating on the island grids operated by Hawaiian Electric Companies through the use of atmospheric sensors deployed at targeted locations. WindNET is envisioned as a multiphase project that will address the short-term wind forecasting issues of all of the wind generation facilities on the all of the Hawaiian Electric Companies' island grid systems. The first phase of the WindNET effort (referred to as WindNET-1) was focused on the wind generation facilities on the Big Island of Hawaii. With complex terrain and marine environment, emphasis was on improving the 0 to 6 hour forecasts of wind power ramps and periods of wind variability, with a particular interest in the intra-hour (0-1 hour) look-ahead period. The WindNET project was built upon a foundation that was constructed with the results from a previously completed observation targeting study for the Big Island that was conducted as part of a project supported by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and interactions with the western utilities. The observational targeting study provided guidance on which variables to measure and at what locations to get the most improvement in forecast performance at a target forecast site. The recommendations of the observation targeting study were based on the application two techniques: (1) an objective method called ensemble sensitivity analysis (ESA) (Ancell and Hakim, 2007; Torn and Hakim, 2008; Zack et al, 2010); and (2) a subjective method based on a

  3. Comment on “Time-changed geometric fractional Brownian motion and option pricing with transaction costs” by Hui Gu et al.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Zhidong; Song, Yukun; Zhang, Yunliang

    2013-05-01

    The purpose of this comment is to point out the inappropriate assumption of “3αH>1” and two problems in the proof of “Theorem 3.1” in section 3 of the paper “Time-changed geometric fractional Brownian motion and option pricing with transaction costs” by Hui Gu et al. [H. Gu, J.R. Liang, Y. X. Zhang, Time-changed geometric fractional Brownian motion and option pricing with transaction costs, Physica A 391 (2012) 3971-3977]. Then we show the two problems will be solved under our new assumption.

  4. Le chamanisme, un projet d’étude scientifique aujourd’hui. À propos d’un article de H. Rydving

    OpenAIRE

    Stépanoff, Charles

    2013-01-01

    Dans son article « Le chamanisme aujourd’hui : constructions et déconstructions d’une illusion scientifique », Håkan Rydving entend démontrer le caractère inopérant et même néfaste des notions de « chamane » et « chamanisme » en anthropologie. Selon lui, leur emploi donne une illusion de familiarité qui nuit à la description circonstanciée du contexte social, historique et culturel des phénomènes étudiés. Il considère ainsi que : « la traduction de böö, noaidi, angakkoq, etc. par ‘chamane’ ca...

  5. Traduire encore Bertin aujourd'hui : pourquoi faire ? Les nouvelles faces cachées de la Sémiologie Graphique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dhieb, Mohsen

    2018-05-01

    La « Sémiologie Graphique » de Bertin est un ouvrage majeur de la cartographie contemporaine. Cependant, dès sa parution en 1967, cet ouvrage a suscité autant d'intérêt que de méfiance : l'ouvrage n'était pas dans le « moule » de la littérature cartographique en vigueur. Pourtant, si plusieurs de ses principes et concepts fondateurs ont été adoptés, plusieurs autres ne sont pas bien passés ou n'ont pas été mis en pratique. Il y a comme un fossé entre certains énoncés théoriques de l'ouvrage et leur mise en pratique. Certaines affirmations de Bertin peuvent paraître obsolètes aujourd'hui à l'heure du numérique, comme la non prise en compte de l'aspect dynamique ou interactif de la carte. L'avènement récent des SIG, de la géomatique et des systèmes de Cartographie Assistée par Ordinateur a relégué les vieilles méthodes de traitement graphique de l'information au second rang. Dès lors pourquoi traduire encore aujourd'hui, à l'heure du numérique, la « Sémiologie Graphique » ? Justement, d'abord, parce que certains principes restent, en substance, peu connus ; plusieurs aspects demeurent encore à explorer ; certaines méthodes et techniques manuelles délaissées peuvent être revisitées et remises en marche grâce à la visualisation ; des innovations n'ont pas été expérimentées ou implémentées par les moyens numériques. Dans le monde arabe, peu de recherches se sont imprégnées de sémiologie graphique. Lors de la traduction de l'ouvrage en arabe, des points restés obscurs ont été décelés. Ce sont ces quelques idées et réflexions qui nous ont poussés à revivre cette formidable aventure.

  6. The role and significance of Luo Zhiyuan's Shu yi hui bian in the history of plague in Lingnan (south of the five ridges).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, H; Lai, W

    1999-04-01

    Being the earliest monograph on plague in China, Luo Zhiyuan's Shu yi hui bian, not included in the National Catalogue of TCM Books, include the following contents: personal idea on the etiology of plague; Luo's friend Wu Xuanchang' unpublished Shu yu zhi fa on the treatment and manifestations of plague; Luo's specific recipe for plague based on medified Wang Qingren's Jie du huo xue decoction based on Wang Qingrens yi lin gai cuo; therapy for critical cases; many therapies applied on Lingnan, including experimental recipes, external therapy, preventive methods, and preventing recurrence methods; Luo's special administrating methods, including persisting day-and-night method, immediate persisting method, single-dose persisting method, and double-dose persisting method. He also gave several cured case records. His book, featuring unique idea with good effect, was repeatedly printed and extensively distributed, exerting influence, more or less, on the plague monographs of later ages, and occupying important position in the history of plague on Lingnan and the whole country as well. His idea of "that poisons and static blood" in pathogenesis and therapeutic principle of antitoxicity and activating blood is coincided with the results of present day clinical and laboratory studies. His administration of medicines is heuristic to the therapy of critical cases with Chinese medicaments and to the recognition of pathogenesis, etiology, and treatment of modern plague as well as other diseases of similar etiology and pathognesis and is worth of further study.

  7. Impact of anthropogenic and natural environmental changes on Echinococcus transmission in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, the People’s Republic of China

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Echinococcus transmission is known to be affected by various environmental factors, which may be modified by human influence or natural events including global warming. Considerable population growth in the last fifty years in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (NHAR), the People’s Republic of China (PRC), has led to dramatic increases in deforestation and modified agricultural practices. In turn, this has resulted in many changes in the habitats for the definitive and intermediate hosts of both Echinococcus granulosus and E. multilocularis, which have increased the risks for transmission of both parasites, affecting echinococcosis prevalence and human disease. Ecological environmental changes due to anthropogenic activities and natural events drive Echinococcus transmission and NHAR provides a notable example illustrating how human activity can impact on a parasitic infection of major public health significance. It is very important to continually monitor these environmental (including climatic) factors that drive the distribution of Echinococcus spp. and their impact on transmission to humans because such information is necessary to formulate reliable future public health policy for echinococcosis control programs and to prevent disease spread. PMID:22827890

  8. Impact of anthropogenic and natural environmental changes on Echinococcus transmission in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, the People’s Republic of China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yang Yu

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Echinococcus transmission is known to be affected by various environmental factors, which may be modified by human influence or natural events including global warming. Considerable population growth in the last fifty years in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (NHAR, the People’s Republic of China (PRC, has led to dramatic increases in deforestation and modified agricultural practices. In turn, this has resulted in many changes in the habitats for the definitive and intermediate hosts of both Echinococcus granulosus and E. multilocularis, which have increased the risks for transmission of both parasites, affecting echinococcosis prevalence and human disease. Ecological environmental changes due to anthropogenic activities and natural events drive Echinococcus transmission and NHAR provides a notable example illustrating how human activity can impact on a parasitic infection of major public health significance. It is very important to continually monitor these environmental (including climatic factors that drive the distribution of Echinococcus spp. and their impact on transmission to humans because such information is necessary to formulate reliable future public health policy for echinococcosis control programs and to prevent disease spread.

  9. Study on the Coupling Process of Ecological Economic System of Desertification Control in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region%宁夏荒漠化治理生态经济系统耦合过程研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱海娟; 姚顺波

    2015-01-01

    通过建立生态社会经济综合评价指标体系和耦合模型,对宁夏地区实施荒漠化工程前后的耦合态势进行分析,研究表明,通过荒漠化治理工程的实施,宁夏地区的生态经济系统从消耗阶段发展到逐步协调的阶段,宁夏生态经济系统仍处于不断协调过程中,最后将形成良性的耦合态势。%By establishing eco -environmental and socio -economic comprehensive evaluation indices and coupling mode, the desertification control ecosystem’s coupling process in the Ningxia Hui was quantitatively evaluated.The results indica﹣ted the ecology -economic system in the Ningxia Hui had gone through the coupling processes of ecosystem system from e﹣conomic initial consumption to economic coordination.The current agriculture -ecology -economic system in the Ningxia Hui is still in the situation of coupling,and would have positive results eventually.

  10. Research on the evaluation method of rural hollowing based on RS and GIS technology: a case study of the Ningxia Hui autonomous region in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, Kai; Wen, MeiPing; Zhang, FeiFei; Yuan, Chao; Chen, Qiang; Zhang, Xiupeng

    2016-10-01

    With the acceleration of urbanization in China, most rural areas formed a widespread phenomenon, i.e., destitute village, labor population loss, land abandonment and rural hollowing. And it formed a unique hollow village problem in China finally. The governance of hollow village was the objective need of the development of economic and social development in rural area for Chinese government, and the research on the evaluation method of rural hollowing was the premise and basis of the hollow village governance. In this paper, several evaluation methods were used to evaluate the rural hollowing based on the survey data, land use data, social and economic development data. And these evaluation indexes were the transition of homesteads, the development intensity of rural residential areas, the per capita housing construction area, the residential population proportion in rural area, and the average annual electricity consumption, which can reflect the rural hollowing degree from the land, population, and economy point of view, respectively. After that, spatial analysis method of GIS was used to analyze the evaluation result for each index. Based on spatial raster data generated by Kriging interpolation, we carried out re-classification of all the results. Using the fuzzy clustering method, the rural hollowing degree in Ningxia area was reclassified based on the two spatial scales of county and village. The results showed that the rural hollowing pattern in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region had a spatial distribution characteristics that the rural hollowing degree was obvious high in the middle of the study area but was low around the study area. On a county scale, the specific performances of the serious rural hollowing were the higher degree of extensive land use, and the lower level of rural economic development and population transfer concentration. On a village scale, the main performances of the rural hollowing were the rural population loss and idle land. The

  11. Samen kom je er wel. Een afstudeerartikel over het Skejby halfway house: een huis waar delinquenten en studenten onder één dak wonen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eline Broker

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Together you will get there. A graduation article on the Skejby halfway house: a house where delinquents and students live togetherThe Skejby house is unique and produces remarkable results. The recidivism percentage among its’ delinquent inhabitants is over 20% lower than in the halfway houses where only prisoners reside. The aim of Skejby is to ease the transition between imprisonment and reentry in society. The experiment, in which students and prisoners live together, originates from the idea that behavioral transformation is realized most effectively within a socially engaged group. The principal of collective responsibility is dominant in Skejby, resulting in a feeling of belonging to a group among the delinquents. In this group, the students serve as prosocial role models. Consequently, the standards and values that are picked up in prison are reshaped into much needed skills that are required for living a “regular” life in society. In contrast to the reintegration program in Skejby, the Dutch reintegration program mainly consists of one-to-one consultations between the delinquent and the probation officer. The reintegration thus does not take place in a group to which the delinquent can relate, while it is precisely this unique communal feeling of belonging that induces behavioral change in the prisoners. SAMENVATTING Samen kom je er wel. Een afstudeerartikel over het Skejby halfway house: een huis waar delinquenten en studenten onder één dak wonenHet Skejby house is uniek in zijn soort en boekt opmerkelijke resultaten: het recidivepercentage ligt ruim 20% lager dan bij halfway huizen waar alleen delinquenten wonen. Skejby heeft als doel om de overgang tussen gevangenis en samenleving zo klein mogelijk te maken. Het experiment, waarbij studenten en delinquenten samen wonen, komt voort uit het idee dat gedragsverandering het best bewerkstelligt wordt binnen een sociaal verbonden groep. In Skejby heerst het principe van

  12. Karl VI. & Elisabeth Christine: Die böhmische Krönung 1723

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Vácha, Štěpán; Veselá, I.; Vlnas, V.; Vokáčová, P.

    2010-01-01

    Roč. 21, 1/2 (2010), s. 226-231 ISSN 0940-4007 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z80330511 Keywords : coronation * emperor Charles VI * empress Elisabeth Christine of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel * baroque * festivities Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  13. The improvement and adaptation of the Hui nationality' s religion consciousness and social customs in the early Republic of China%民国初期回族宗教观念与社会习俗的改良与适应——以民国回族知识分子报刊文章为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓霞

    2011-01-01

    民国初期的回族虽然在经济及社会发展方面仍在较低层次上徘徊,但在思想与文化方面却受到近世以来涌入中国的新思潮、新文化气象以及国内新文化运动的影响,出现了回族新文化运动的热潮,回族知识分子一方面以兴学校、办报刊觉醒民众,另一方面也对回族宗教与社会习俗进行反思与改革,要求回族在应对时代变化中实现自身的社会发展。宗教观念上大力提倡“理性”与“改良”意识,对一些闭塞与异化的宗教观念要求“正本清源”,力求“精义”;在回族社会生活习俗方面则更多地强调与新事物之间要“适应”与“协调”。%Although the Hui nationality' s social and economic development in the early Republic of China and is at a low level, their ideological and cultural are affected by the new ideas, the new culture atmosphere , the new culture movement pouring into modern China. The emergence of Hui nationality' s new culture movement appeared, the HUI intellectuals arouse people by establishing schools, publishing newspapers on one hand and ask the Hui nationality to realize the social self - development by reflecting and innovating from the social customs and the I-Iui nationality' s religious on the other. The consciousness of rationality and improvement are advocated in religious consciousness, and some closed and alienated religious consciousness has been reformed radically and aimed for essence. The adaptation and coordination for the new things are more emphasized in the Hui nationality' s social life and custom.

  14. Kalender uit Tweede Wereldoorlog kom huis toe

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dit het higiene on- moontlik gemaak. As hulle voaraf geweet het dat hulle 'n maand daar sou deurbring, sou die mee- ste sekerlik al die eerste week omgekom het. Maar hulle het elke dag geglo dat hierdie mis- kien die laaste dag in die donker houthuis sou wees. En waar daar nog hoop is, is daar nog lewe. Altyd honger.

  15. Einstein today; Einstein aujourd'hui

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aspect, A.; Grangier, Ph. [Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Lab. Charles Fabry de l' Institut d' Optique a Orsay, 91 - Orsay (France); Bouchet, F.R. [Institut d' Astrophysique de Paris, CNRS, 75 - Paris (France); Brunet, E.; Derrida, B. [Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, Ecole Normale Superieure, 75 - Paris (France); Cohen-Tannoudji, C. [Academie des Sciences, 75 - Paris (France); Dalibard, J.; Laloe, F. [Laboratoire Kastler Brossel. UMR 8552 (ENS, UPMC, CNRS), 75 - Paris (France); Damour, Th. [Institut des Hautes Etudes Scientifiques, 91 - Bures sur Yvette (France); Darrigol, O. [Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Groupe Histoire des Sciences Rehseis, 75 - Paris (France); Pocholle, J.P. [Thales Research et Technology France, 91 - Palaiseau (France)

    2005-07-01

    The most important contributions of Einstein involve 5 fields of physics : the existence of quanta (light quanta, stimulated radiation emission and Bose-Einstein condensation), relativity, fluctuations (Brownian motion and thermodynamical fluctuations), the basis of quantum physics and cosmology (cosmological constant and the expansion of the universe). Diverse and renowned physicists have appreciated the development of modern physics from Einstein's ideas to the knowledge of today. This book is a collective book that gathers their work under 7 chapters: 1) 1905, a new beginning; 2) from the Einstein, Podolsky and Rosen's article to quantum information (cryptography and quantum computers); 3) the Bose-Einstein condensation in gases; 4) from stimulated emission to the today's lasers; 5) Brownian motion and the fluctuation-dissipation theory; 6) general relativity; and 7) cosmology. (A.C.)

  16. Slimmer netwerk gaat het huis uit

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zevenbergen, R. van; Andel, T. van; Widlak, A.; Sigaloff, S.; Oeij, P.; Smout, J.; Stet, A.; Torre, W. van den; Popma, M.

    2015-01-01

    De afgelopen vier jaar hebben het minsterie van BZK, Kennisland, Kafkabrigade en TNO hard gewerkt aan Slimmernetwerk. Dit netwerk, van inmiddels ruim 4300 mensen op LinkedIn, was de thuisbasis voor een serie experimenten met ‘innovatie van onderop’ en interbestuurlijke samenwerking binnen de

  17. Variations autour de la tâche dans l'enseignement / apprentissage des langues aujourd'hui What kind of tasks are used for L2 teaching and learning today?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elke Nissen

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Cet article se donne pour objectif d'identifier les types de tâches, et leurs dénominateurs communs, qui sont présentés aujourd'hui – où "l'approche par les tâches" est soutenue par le Conseil de l'Europe – aux apprenants. Il analyse pour cela les articles issus de deux numéros de revues et un ouvrage collectif récents. Il apparaît que la grande majorité des scénarios pédagogiques s'y inscrit dans la perspective actionnelle... du moins d'après la déclaration des auteurs, car leur définition de ce qu'est une tâche ne correspond pas toujours à celle du CECR. Pour le public visé, étudiants ou professionnels, on propose le plus souvent des mono-tâches, mais également des projets, ou encore des simulations avec un enchaînement de plusieurs tâches. Elles s'inscrivent généralement dans la (future réalité sociale des apprenants, mais certaines laissent également la place à des thèmes artistiques ou (interculturels. Contrairement à ce que l'on aurait pu attendre dans une démarche qui responsabilise l'apprenant, le recours à Internet n'est pas toujours systématique.At a time when action- and task-based learning is sustained by the European Council, this paper explores which types of tasks are given to second language learners today and what aspects these tasks have in common. The paper analyses two recent issues of scientific journals and one collective book. The analysis shows that the majority of pedagogical scenarios described in these texts claim to adopt an action- and task-based approach. However, in reality the way they define a task does not always correspond to the definition given by the European Framework of Reference for Languages. The described tasks are exclusively dedicated to higher and professional education; they are mostly single tasks, but they can also be projects and simulations including several successive tasks. They generally correspond to the learners' (future reality, with themes that are

  18. Vreugde en verdriet in die huis van Jakob

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Krueger

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Happiness and lament in the house of Jacob The birth narrative in Genesis 29:31-30:24 is a coherent mini drama in its own right, although it is embedded in the patriarchal narratives and as such furnishes important background to the unfolding drama in Jacob's house. In this narrative, the reader is invited right into the intricate family relations of a dysfunctional polygamous marriage, where two rivals communicate with each other and their mutual husband by means of the names given at birth to their children and the children of their slave girls. This article focuses on the quest for happiness, which is evident in the births and name-giving in the house of Jacob. Although true happiness remains elusive, at the end both women receive their dues. God keeps a balance between the two contenders, but the birth of Rachel’s son calls for a resolution still to come. The text is thus left open ended.

  19. Vreugde en verdriet in die huis van Jakob

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    p1243322

    the children of their slave girls. This article focuses on the quest for happiness, which is evident in the births and name-giving in the house of Jacob. Although true happiness remains elusive, at the end both women receive their dues. God keeps a balance between the two contenders, but the birth of Rachel's son calls for a.

  20. [Study on baking processing technology of hui medicine Aconitum flavum].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Xue-yan; Zhang, Bai-tong; Li, Ting-ting; Dong, Lin; Hao, Wen-jing; Yu, Liang

    2013-12-01

    To screen and optimize the processing technology of Aconitum flavum. The acute-toxicity, anti-inflammatory and analgesic experiments were used as indexes. Four processing methods, including decoction, streaming, baking and processing with Chebulae Fructus decoction, were compared to screen the optimum processing method for Aconitum flavum. The baking time was also optimized. The optimal baked technology was that 1-2 mm decoction pieces was baked at 105 degrees C for 3 hours. The baking method is proved to be the optimal processing method of Aconitum flavum. It is shown that this method is simple and stable.

  1. L'université aujourd'hui | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    IDRC at the World Conference of Science Journalists 2017. The 2017 World Conference of Science Journalists was an opportunity for the awardees to develop their skills and network with some of the most influential science journalists in the world. View moreIDRC at the World Conference of Science Journalists 2017.

  2. Art d’aujourd’hui – Patrimoine de demain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcel Stefanaggi

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available C’est à Paris, à l’Institut National du Patrimoine (INP, et en partenariat avec cette Institution que se tiendront les 24-26 juin 2009 les 13e journées d’études de la SFIIC, sur le thème de la Conservation et restauration des œuvres contemporaines.PrésentationLes œuvres contemporaines présentent des caractères spécifiques, et ne peuvent pas être traitées comme des œuvres d’art « classiques » : leur finalité, souvent différente, les matériaux utilisés, étroitement liés à leur époque, l’utilis...

  3. Terrorisme maritime et piraterie d’aujourd’hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hugues Eudeline

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Hors temps de conflits armés, les actes de violence dans le domaine maritime sont essentiellement de deux sortes : la piraterie, pratiquée à des fins privées, et le terrorisme qui poursuit des objectifs politiques. Répondant à des logiques différentes, ces deux formes de violence constituent, indépendamment, des menaces pour les 50 000 navires marchands qui transportent plus de 90% du commerce mondial. Leur éventuelle collusion, si elle était de grande ampleur, pourrait avoir un effet multiplicateur entraînant des conséquences très importantes sur une économie mondiale fragilisée.L’environnement physique qu’elles partagent est propice aux activités illégales. La mer couvre 71% de la surface du globe et constitue un espace pour l’essentiel libre de toute emprise étatique et impossible à contrôler. Les nombreuses actions des pirates autour de l’Afrique malgré les réactions internationales le montrent à l’envi. En parallèle, la mouvance terrorisme islamiste développe une stratégie d’attaque de l’économie mondiale dont les flux maritimes constituent un des principaux piliers.Les liens des deux activités avec la criminalité les rapprochent également. Le terrorisme les entretient pour des raisons logistiques et financières, alors que la piraterie, avec les différents trafics, en est une composante maritime majeure.Cette proximité et une complémentarité des compétences nécessaires à leur pratique pourraient les rapprocher plus encore. Cette entente contre-nature permettrait d’associer les connaissances nautiques des pirates, marins expérimentés aux capacités de planification des terroristes.Apart from times of high intensity conflict, the two main forms of violence at sea are piracy, and maritime terrorism. If the former is perpetrated at private ends, the latter is politically motivated. Although addressing different ends, both activities are important threats for the 50,000 merchant vessels sailing the oceans and moving 90% of our world’s commerce. A piracy-terrorism nexus, if widely spread, could have lethal consequences for a weakened world economyBoth of them share a physical environment favorable to illegal activities. The oceans covering nearly three-quarters of the planet, freedom of the high seas make them impossible to control. Enduring piracy activities around Africa displays it at will. In parallel, Islamist terrorism implements its strategy targeting the world economy of which sea trade is one of the main pillars. Both activities are also closely linked to criminal activities: Terrorism for logistic purposes, while piracy is one of its main maritime components. Recognizing the close relationship between both activities, along with the complementarities of some specific skills could bring them even closer. Such an unnatural alliance could bring together the seamanship of pirates with the planning expertise of highly motivated terrorists.

  4. ANALISIS STATUS LINGKUNGAN IRIGASI TUKAD YEH EMPAS DAN SUBAK MUNDUK LENGGUNG DI DUSUN BOLANGAN DESA BABAHAN KECAMATAN PENEBEL KABUPATEN TABANAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I NYOMAN SUMANTRA

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Livestock is one business that was developed in order to meet basic human needs of the flesh. In its development, livestock will produce waste harmful to the environment. The purpose of this study to determine the characteristics and environmental management of farms, the quality and quantity of waste and its impact on the environment and to know the public perception and labor to the impact of livestock on the environment, economy and social life of communities around the farm and ranch labor. Characteristics and environmental management by the entrepreneur obtained by distributing questionnaires livestock determination of the sample by random sampling, samples for the determination of the quality and quantity of livestock waste with purposive sampling. Samples were taken at three points of different sewage farms and compared with the Minister of State for the Environment No. 11 of 2009 and four points on the body of water and then compared with the Bali gubernatorial No.8 of 2007. Samples were analyzed in situ and laboratory. To know the public perception and labor obtained by distributing questionnaires determination of samples with random sampling. Environmental management by the entrepreneur is less cattle. quality of wastewater from hog farms shows the parameters of TSS (1082.57 mg / 1. quantity of wastewater from pig farms outlet (Qo2 0.004 m3/dt, TSS pollutant load on a pig farm (4330.68 mg / dt. Parameter that exceeds the quality standard on water bodies (TSS, BOD5, COD. Public perception and labor to the impact of farm businesses is positive (good.

  5. Improvement of universal salt iodization program on the intelligence quotient among children in Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture of Gansu%甘肃省临夏回族自治州2006年和2010年食盐加碘改善儿童智力评估

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹永琴; 王燕玲; 朱小南; 窦瑜贵; 李洪波; 孙玮; 郑菁

    2012-01-01

    Objective To assess the improvement of intelligence quotient through an Universal Salt Iodization Supply Program,among children.Methods 3518 and 1611 children were selected from primary schools in Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture of Gansu in 2006 and 2010respectively.Intelligence quotient (IQ) were measured by the revised Chinese Combined Raven Test C2 (CRT-C2).Results In 2006,the average IQ of children aged 8-10 was 85.1,including 16.7% of them with IQ≤69.The average IQ was between 80-90 in different counties and cities,with significant differences (P<0.05).The average IQs were 92.0,90.6 and 81.8 among 8,9 and 10 years old children respectively with 10 year old' s low than those 8 and 9 year olds (P<0.05).The average IQs of boys and girls were 84.5 and 85.6,but with no significant difference (P >0.05).The average IQ of children aged 8-10 in 2010 was 97.2 and 12 points higher than in 2006 (P<0.05),but 8 IQ points (P<0.05) less than the average level 105 from the overall of Gansu province.4.7% of the children having an IQ≤69.IQ of children from Linxia city and Yongjing county,were up to the theoretical level of 100,with an average IQ at around 95 in other counties.The average IQs between counties or cities showed significant differences.The IQ of 8,9 year olds and 10 year olds did not present significant difference (P>0.05),but in boys (98.8) and in girls (95.9) the difference was significant (P<0.05).Conclusion The average IQ was close to the theoretical level (100) with the gradual implementation of universal salt iodization program,showing that the iodized salt did play a key role on children's intelligence.However,the average IQ was still lower than the average level of the whole Gansu province in 2010.%目的 评估食盐加碘对学龄儿童的智力改善情况.方法 2006年和2010年均采用中国联合型瑞文测验第二次修订版(CRT-C2)对甘肃省临夏回族自治州(临夏州)8个县(市)3518名和1611名8~10岁

  6. 社会-生态系统视角下沙漠化逆转定量评价——以宁夏盐池县为例%Quantitative evaluation of desertification restoration based on the social-ecological system: A case study in Yanchi, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯彩霞; 周立华; 文岩; 赵敏敏; 陈勇

    2017-01-01

    The assessment of socio-ecological systems can reflect the effects of nature,social economics,and human activities on the ecological environment,which is helpful to understand the context of complex social-ecological systems.Desert areas are ideal for socio-ecological system assessments because the land cover of deserts seriously influences the improvement of the local ecological environment and social economy.Yanchi County in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region is a typical desertification area where the ecological environment is very fragile.The government has implemented the Grain for Green Project and a prohibited-grazing policy to suppress and reverse desertification since 2000,and these ecological policies have positive effects on ecological restoration of desert areas.Therefore,it is very important to control desertification and maintain the normal function of local social-ecological systems.In this paper,the social-ecological system disturbance in Yanchi County was analyzed to understand the changes of the local social-ecological system.The MODIS (Moderate resolution Imaging Spectrometer) normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) data of the study region was applied to investigate the spatial distribution of the existing social-ecological system disturbance during 2000-2015.In addition,moving window computational algorithms were used to calculate social-ecological system disturbance intensity and connectivity at different spatial scales.The results showed that (1) the disturbance had different spatial distributions over different periods,and strong disturbances were mainly distributed in southern Yanchi County during 2000-2004,whereas strong disturbances were distributed in the northern and central areas during 2004-2008.Furthermore,strong disturbances were detected in three small areas:southeastern,central,and western Yanchi County during 2008-2012.Moreover,the proportion of strong disturbances in the North showed an increasing trend.Strong disturbances

  7. Comment peut-on lire Ivan Hadjiiski aujourd’hui ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Svetla Koleva

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Présentation de deux textes d’Ivan Hadjiiski (1907-1944 : « Les racines historiques de nos traditions démocratiques » paru pour la première fois dans la Revue Philosophique/Filossofski pregled, 1937, 9/1 ; et « Traits atypiques du développement de notre société », paru dans Problèmes sociologiques/Sotziologitcheski problemi, 1986, n° 3, et publiés ici avec l’autorisation des tenants des droits d’auteur.How to read Ivan Hadjiiski today? Introduction to two Ivan Hajiisji’s textsPresentation of Ivan Hadjiiski’s two texts:"Historical roots of our democratic traditions", first published in Philosophical Journal/Filossofski pregled, 1937, 9/1, and "Atypical features of our society’s development" first published in Sociological Problems/Sotziologitcheski problemi, 1986, n° 3, which are published here with the kind authorization of copyright owners.¿Como se puede leer hoy Ivan Hadjiiski?Introducción y análisis de dos textos de Ivan Hadjiiski: "Las raíces históricas de nuestras tradiciones democráticas", publicado por primera vez en EstudioFilosófico/Filossofski pregled, 1937, 9/1, y "Aspectos inhabituales del desarrollo de la sociedad actual" publicado por primera vez en Problemas sociológicos/Sotziologitcheski problemi, 1986, n° 3, y aquí publicados con la amable autorización de los teniendos de los derechos de autor.

  8. Jane Eyre, Past and Present Jane Eyre, d’hier à aujourd’hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Armelle Parey

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available The present collection of articles along with a few additional contributions contains the proceedings of a conference held at the university of Caen Basse-Normandie, France in May 2004. Entitled “Jane Eyre, Past and Present”, its aim was to study the posterity of Charlotte Brontë’s novel and/or character since its publication in 1847. That two-thirds of the texts studied in this volume were published in the last decade of the twentieth century attests to the fact that rewriting has become a m...

  9. Infinite Dimensional Stochastic Analysis : in Honor of Hui-Hsiung Kuo

    CERN Document Server

    Sundar, Pushpa

    2008-01-01

    This volume contains current work at the frontiers of research in infinite dimensional stochastic analysis. It presents a carefully chosen collection of articles by experts to highlight the latest developments in white noise theory, infinite dimensional transforms, quantum probability, stochastic partial differential equations, and applications to mathematical finance. Included in this volume are expository papers which will help increase communication between researchers working in these areas. The tools and techniques presented here will be of great value to research mathematicians, graduate

  10. Gas market is today strategical; Le marche du gaz est aujourd'hui strategique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Darricarrere, Y.L. [Total, 92 - Courbevoie (France)

    2006-07-01

    The energy market, and in particular the gas market, is today seething with excitement. In France, in Europe and in the rest of the world, the energy stakes are in the center of preoccupations. This article is an interview of Y.L. Darricarrere, general director of the gas and electricity division of Total group, who explains his opinions about the opening of European and French energy markets, presents the ambitions of Total group on these markets, and comments some recent events of the European energy scene: concentration between gas and electric utilities, the Suez and Gaz de France (GdF) project of merger, the risks linked with the coming in of national companies from producing countries, like Gazprom and Sonatrach, on the European market, the restriction of access of foreign companies to hydrocarbon reserves in Russia and Latin America (come back of the 'energy nationalism'), Total's policy for anticipating the increase of the world energy demand and the depletion of fossil fuel reserves. (J.S.)

  11. Hui et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2015) 12(2):103-113 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Proff.Adewunmi

    ingredients of many formulations in Chinese medicine for the treatment of toothache. ... human premolars under various treatments including the desensitizing gel. ... Hypersensitive teeth has highly obviously increased numbers of tubules per ...

  12. Als de kat van huis is ... : zwerfkatten in Nederland: een inventarisatie

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Neijenhuis, F.; Niekerk, van T.G.C.M.

    2015-01-01

    Het doel van dit Wageningen UR Wetenschapswinkel-project is het inventariseren van de omvang van het zwerfkattenprobleem in Nederland, de karakteristieken van de problematiek, de betrokken stakeholders en de mogelijkheden voor aanpak van het zwerfkattenprobleem. Dit onderzoek is in opdracht van

  13. L'université aujourd'hui | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Depuis ses origines médiévales à nos jours, l'Université a joué un rôle important dans le développement et la transmission du savoir. Mais à la fin du XXe siècle, après 40 années d'expansion ininterrompue, l'institution de haut savoir subit partout des contraintes financières.

  14. China's Rangelands under Stress : A comparative study of pasture commons in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ho, P.P.S.

    2000-01-01

    China's economic reforms have exacerbated the problems of over-grazing and desertification in the country's pastoral areas. In order to deal with rangeland degradation, the Chinese government has resorted to nationalization, or semi-privatization. Since the implementation of rangeland policy has

  15. Astronomie spatiale infrarouge, aujourd’hui et demain = Infrared space astronomy, today and tomorrow

    CERN Document Server

    Lequeux, J; David, F

    2000-01-01

    This book brings together the lectures given at the Les Houches summer school "Infrared space astronomy, today and tomorrow". It gives a wide overview of infrared astronomy, a wavelength domain crucial for studies of the solar system, stars at the beginning and end of their lives, interstellar matter and galaxies at all distances. Recent developments in observational techniques have been tremendous. The first contributions give an introduction to the basic physical processes and methods of detection and data processing. They are followed by a series of lectures dealing with the wide variety of astronomical objects that can be seen in the infrared.

  16. Art d’aujourd’hui, patrimoine de demain. Conservation et restauration des œuvres contemporaines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muriel Verbeeck-Boutin

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Paru, et c’est un tour de force, dans le temps même où débutait le colloque du même nom,  l’ouvrage met à disposition le texte des trente-neuf communications présentées à cette occasion. Les trois journées étaient consacrées à des thématiques diverses, illustrées par des orateurs venus de tous les horizons. La richesse des interventions et leur nombre ne nous permettront pas de nous arrêter à leur détail, et nous proposons ici une introduction, ainsi qu’un bref retour sur les échanges et disc...

  17. Het huis van ik : ideologie en theorie in het Nederlandse vormgevingsonderwijs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eijnde, Jeroen Nicolaas Maria van den

    2015-01-01

    The House of I. Ideology and Theory in the Netherlands' Design Education is based on the hypothesis that Dutch Art Academies, which since the emergence of (applied) art education have focused expressly on training the professional artist type - in stead of a focus on the dependent artist type (the

  18. Hui et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2015) 12(2):103-113 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Proff.Adewunmi

    Keywords: Traditional Chinese medicine; Bamboo salt; Dentin hypersensitivity; Thermosensitive gel; Scanning electron microscopy; Clinical trials .... (2013) in their double-blind randomized controlled trial to determine the effectiveness of a prophylaxis paste. ..... Mechanism of the phenomenon needed further research.

  19. Étudier la science-fiction en France aujourd’hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irène Langlet

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available La science-fiction est une pratique intermédiatique reconnue dans la culture contemporaine mais discrète dans le monde universitaire. Ce contraste s’explique par l’histoire du genre et sa constitution progressive, dans notre pays, en « paralittérature », voire en « subculture ». Mais la situation évolue, grâce à des pratiques académiques en pleine recomposition disciplinaire, ainsi renouvellement des générations accentuant la porosité des barrières culturelles. Les perspectives qui peuvent en être tirées se déduisent de ce paysage complexe.

  20. Pascal (Yang Hui) triangles and power laws in the logistic map

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Velarde, Carlos; Robledo, Alberto

    2015-01-01

    We point out the joint occurrence of Pascal triangle patterns and power-law scaling in the standard logistic map, or more generally, in unimodal maps. It is known that these features are present in its two types of bifurcation cascades: period and chaotic-band doubling of attractors. Approximate Pascal triangles are exhibited by the sets of lengths of supercycle diameters and by the sets of widths of opening bands. Additionally, power-law scaling manifests along periodic attractor supercycle positions and chaotic band splitting points. Consequently, the attractor at the mutual accumulation point of the doubling cascades, the onset of chaos, displays both Gaussian and power-law distributions. Their combined existence implies both ordinary and exceptional statistical-mechanical descriptions of dynamical properties. (paper)

  1. Le probleme des valeurs a l'ecole française aujourd'hui

    Science.gov (United States)

    Legrand, Louis

    1995-01-01

    Since the 1960s the French public school system has virtually abandoned the attempt to teach moral values, leaving students morally disoriented. The author finds this situation profoundly unhealthy and argues that schools have a responsibility to help in developing the ability of pupils to make moral choices and act accordingly. He rejects the rationalist view that science makes traditional morality unnecessary. At the same time, he recognizes the moral value of the scientific respect of truth and objectivity. He argues for a form of moral education which would inculcate respect for different points of view, cultural norms and religious beliefs, and which would not shy away from addressing morally important issues such as drag abuse, violence, sexuality, social justice, poverty, racism and environmental pollution.

  2. POSTERS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    @@Natural Toxins   S01 Susceptibility of Edible Bihalves to Paralytic Shellfish Poisons and Their Donor   Ya-Hui Li* , Deng-Fwu Hwang, Jou-Fang Deng, Taibei, China      S02 Food Safety of Grass Carp Bile Juice   Deng-Fwu Hwang* , Yen-Hung Yeh, Jou-Feng Deng, Taibei, China      S03 Differentiation of Muscular Proteins from Toxic and Non Toxic Puffers   Tai-Yuan Chen* , Deng-Fwu Hwang, Taibei, China      S04 Radiation Resistance of Paralytic Shellfish Poison (PSP) Toxins   Terestia P Acevedo, Philippines

  3. Pramana – Journal of Physics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    -Nung Yang Su-Hsuan Chu Bing-Ling Lu · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. Kak's quantum key distribution (QKD) protocol provides not only the distribution but also the integrity of secret key simultaneously in quantum channel.

  4. Penser les Balkans aujourd'hui : l’orientalisme, le balkanisme, et la question de la modernité

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir Milisavljević

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims at investigating the positions of the Balkans in ourcontemporary world in its continuous change – for instance the rapidEuropeanization for the protection of a common inheritance of Balkancountries. Moreover, this historical heritage is sometimes presented as a simple burden that should be overcome: the name Balkan has negative connotations, being associated with violence or primitivism. The criticism of this type of derogatory discourse called « Balkanism » is built on the deconstruction of Orientalism as initiated in the 70’s by Edward Said. In this paper, we will analyze the various types of possible objections to this Balkan approach (the absence of a colonial past, the non-existence of a « Balkan » academic tradition, the Balkan preciseness as opposed to the Oriental vagueness, as well as their not purely « oriental », yet undetermined character. Furthermore I will present the arguments in favour of another way of interpreting the Balkans which consists in the understanding of thenarrower relation between European modernity and history.

  5. Europinė semiotika šiandien | Sémiotique européenne d’aujourd’hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kęstutis Nastopka

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Dans le champ sémiotique, deux approches épistémologiques se distinguent : sémiotique européenne et sémiotique américaine. La sémiotique européenne, issue de la théorie du signe linguistique de Ferdinand de Saussure, dans les années 1960 voit se former deux écoles indépendantes : celle de Paris (de Greimas et celle de Tartou-Moscou (de Lotman.La sémiotique dite « standard » de Greimas présente une théorie du discours envisagé comme un tout de signification. En comprenant la signification comme un processus, Greimas décrit les transformations des significations d’après le modèle du discours mythique élaboré par Vladimir Propp. Le monde est traité comme discontinu et composé d’oppositions. Dans les années 1980 l’école greimassienne passe de la sémiotique de faire à celle d’état, de la discontinuité à la continuité, de l’objet au sujet, de l’énoncé à l’énonciation. Dans la sémiotique des passions au centre du programme narratif se trouve une compétence modale du sujet. Ces derniers temps, parmi les héritiers de Greimas, à côté de la sémiotique tensive qui choisit un métalangage savant et des schématisations un peu arides, apparaît une sémiotique esthésique, issue de De l’imperfection de Greimas.Le concept de systèmes modelants secondaires est devenu une sorte d’emblème de l’école de Tartou. Ce terme détermine des structures communicatives différentes, organisées d’après le modèle des signes linguistiques. A la recherche d’un métalangage scientifique, commun aux diverses disciplines humaines, on s’oriente vers la linguistique structurale et la théorie de l’information. Autour de l’année 1980, dans la sémiotique de Lotman la conception du texte commeune manifestation de la langue est changée par celle du texte qui produit sa propre langue. Le texte est considéré non plus comme un systéme autonome, synchronique mais comme un énoncé, inséparable de la mémoire d’énonciation. De la description des systèmes modelants secondaires on se tourne vers la sémiotique de culture. Le bornage des frontières et la discontinuité sont traités comme des éléments essentiels de la sémiosphère, c’est-à-dire, de l’espace où se réalise la sémiosis.Dans l’article, c’est le choix épistémologique qui est considéré comme une pierre d’achoppement d’un accord entre la sémiotique européenne et celle américaine. Les uns comprennent la signification comme une certaine structure mentale (signifié ou comme un ensemble des traits sémantiques (intension, les autres la conçoivent comme un référent non-linguistique ou comme un ensemble des objets du monde extérieur (extension. La brèche entre l’intension et l’extension peut être remplie par l’instance de l’énonciation. Entre la perception et la signification s’intercale le langage comme une visée intentionnelle du monde. En examinant le rapport entre deux sémiotiques on a recours à l’ouvrage d’Umberto Eco Kant et l’ornithorynque et au roman Le secret du professeur Amfortas d’Eero Tarasti.

  6. L’insularité aujourd’hui : entre mythes et réalités

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thierry Nicolas

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available De nombreuses études, dans des domaines variés (économie, statistiques, géographie…, s’attachent en effet à saisir les contraintes que fait peser la géographie sur la réussite économique des îles. Pour la plupart d’entre elles, l’insularité se présente comme une donnée négative qui génère une série de handicaps difficilement surmontables (exiguïté du territoire, faible peuplement, surcoûts, etc.. Cependant les perspectives de développement de ces territoires isolés en permanence par la mer, dotés de possibilités réduites en termes d’espace, de ressources naturelles ou humaines, ou de taille de marché, ne sont pas systématiquement vouées à l’échec.Numerous studies in various fields (economics, statistics, geography, etc., have attempted to define  the constraints posed by geographic reality on the economic success of the islands. For the most part , these studies present insularity as a handicap difficult to overcome  (limited territorial extent, sparse population, higher costs, etc.. Nevertheless the development prospects of these territories permanently isolated by the sea, with reduced opportunities in terms of space, natural resources or human, or market size, are not necessarily doomed to failure

  7. Think the future to act now; Penser l'avenir pour agir aujourd'hui

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-07-01

    The object of the club 'Energy, prospective and discussions', created in september 1998, is to provide the continuity of the engaged works in the commission 'Energy 2010-2020' and to understand the ideas evolution. The technical progress, the institutions, the shock of the societies and the cultures, of the nature, the world-wide, lead every day to forecasting, which are guidelines for the public decisions, more and more risky. This complexity analysis is needed for a long-dated energy policy. Thus the club analysed and compared the long-dated and international scenario; made the transfer of the information on the development concerning the energy and the environment; defined subjects of discussion; begun and managed scientific studies. This progress report presents the proceedings of the first year of the club. (A.L.B.)

  8. 專論/From the Viewpoints of People’s Need of Information and Social Activities toDiscuss the Difference between Public Library and Internet/葉乃靜(Nei-Ching Yeh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    葉乃靜 Nei-Ching Yeh

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to discuss the difference and the similarities between the public library and the Internet service, especially focused on web 2.0 websites, and discovered some helpful techniques from the Internet, which could be derived to develop the system used in the public library. This study applied comparative research method to elicit the difference between the public library and Internet service. Based on the following viewpoints, the characteristics of people’s daily life, people’s needs for information and social interaction, and types of resources, this paper elucidated the difference between public libraries and Internet service. This paper suggests that the public library could examine the information defined by the user and know its application in daily life to recognize its method of application in service designs. 本文旨在探討公共圖書館與網路服務的異同,尤其關注web 2.0 網站。基於網路的受歡迎,引發作者試圖由網路服務尋找對公共圖書館服務之啟發動機。本文採用比較研究法的精神,了解公共圖書館與網路服務的差異,再找出可能對提升公共圖書館服務的歡迎度有助益的策略建議。本文進行比較研究的基礎如下:日常生活的特徵、民眾對資訊和社會互動的基礎、公共圖書館與網路提供之資源的類型。文末建議,公共圖書館可以審視讀者認知的資訊,及其如何被應用於日常生活,再由此思考公共圖書館的可行作法。 頁次:4-13

  9. The history of ginseng in the management of erectile dysfunction in ancient China (3500-2600 BCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajesh Nair

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Emperor Shen-Nung was the second of China′s mythical emperors (3500-2600 BCE. Widely considered the father of Chinese medicine, he catalogued over 365 species of medicinal plants which he personally tasted. Through his treatise ′Shen Nung Benchau Jing′, we relive Emperor Shen-Nung′s contribution to urology with reference to his management of erectile dysfunction. Time-related sources in medical and historical literature were reviewed, including the ′Shen Nung Benchau Jing′ (The medicine book of Emperor Shen-Nung, archives and manuscripts at the Wellcome History of Medicine Collection, the Royal Society of Medicine, London, The Hong Kong Museum of Medical Sciences, and The Museum of Medical History, Shanghai, China. Chinese traditional herbal medicine began approximately 5000 years ago. Agricultural clan leader, Emperor Shen-Nung, was said to have a ′crystal-like belly′ to watch the reactions in his own stomach of the herbs he collected. Ginseng was among of Shen Nung′s contributions to herbal medicine. He experienced a warm and sexually pleasurable feeling after chewing the root. He advocated this as a treatment for erectile dysfunction and used it to stimulate sexual appetite. The reputation of ginseng as an aphrodisiac is based on the doctrine of signatures, since the adult root has a phallic shape. Shen-Nung believed that ginseng′s resemblance to the human form is proof of its rejuvenative and aphrodisiac properties. It was believed that the closer the similarity to the human figure, the more potent the root. The use of ginseng for erectile dysfunction by Emperor Shen-Nung was unique for its time. It continues to hold parallels as a modern-day herbal aphrodisiac 5000 years on.

  10. Ancient engineering geology projects in China; A canal system in Ganzu province and trenches along the Great Wall in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallace, R.E.; Bucknam, R.C.; Hanks, T.C.

    1994-01-01

    Two major construction projects of ancient times in China involved what today would be considered engineering geology. We describe an ancient canal system in Gaotai County, Gansu province that was possibly begun in the Han dynasty (206 BC-220 AD). The canal system heads at the Dasha River and extends northwestward for about 55 km to the City of Camels and Xusanwan village. Four parallel canals are present at the local site we examined. The canals were likely built primarily to transport water but may also have served as defensive military barriers. A second project involves trenches and berms along the north side of the Great Wall, clearly part of the Great Wall defensive system. This site is in Ningxia Autonomous Region near the town of Shizuishan. ?? 1994.

  11. Association of CYP1B1 Polymorphisms with Breast Cancer: A Case-Control Study in the Han Population in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, P. R. China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiao, Haiyan; Liu, Chunlian; Guo, Weidong; Peng, Liang; Chen, Yintao; Martin, Francis L.

    2010-01-01

    Studies investigating possible associations between cytochrome P4501B1 (CYP1B1) polymorphisms and breast cancer risk have been inconsistent. We set out to ascertain whether there might be an association between polymorphisms in exon 2 (codon 119, G→T) and exon 3 (codon 432, G→C) of CYP1B1 and breast cancer in a Chinese Han population in the rural region of Ningxia. Using an allele-specific polymerase chain reaction method and direct DNA sequencing, the presence or absence of the two CYP1B1 polymorphisms was investigated. Genotype and allele frequencies were analyzed in breast cancer cases (n = 152) and healthy age-matched controls (n = 156). The odds ratio (OR) of 119G→T or 432G→C in breast cancer cases and controls was 3.3 (95% CI: 1.28 to 8.28) and 2.8 (95% CI: 1.04 to 7.51), respectively. In addition, the OR for people with both polymorphisms (119T and 432C) was 4.69 (95% CI: 1.97 to 11.19). Our results suggest that certain polymorphisms in the CYP1B1 gene might increase risk for breast cancer among Han Chinese, perhaps because they influence the efficiency of CYP1B1 bio-transformation of oestrogens or pro-carcinogens into DNA-reactive electrophiles that may act as cancer-initiating agents. PMID:20212917

  12. Operational Colour Vision in the Modern Aviation Environment (la Vision des couleurs dans l’environnement aeronautique operationnel d’ aujourd hui)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-03-01

    recommended. The Nagel II is no longer in production . Advantages: test has a long and hallowed history that is well respected. Disadvantages: expensive...Illuminator (Catalog No. 1388R) from Richmond Products , 1021 Rogers Circle, Suite 6, Boca Raton FL, 33487-2894. Phones:1-800-448-4538 and 407-994-2112...III Antineoplastics Mercaptopurine II Vincristine II Antirheumatics Ibuprofen II Colours appear faded Indomethacin III Antispasmodics

  13. La loi francaise de 2004 sur les signes religieux ostentatoires dans l'école publique: Ses conséquences et son fonctionnement aujourd'hui

    OpenAIRE

    Fjermestad, Berit

    2011-01-01

    This thesis treats the consequences of the French law that was passed in 2004, stating that all religious and ostentatious signs in public schools are illegal. In order to make the consequences of this law clear, I have been interviewing teachers, headmasters and students in schools in Paris and its surrounding suburban areas. This is not a quantitative study, but rather a qualitative research. Because there are a limited number of interviewees, it is important to e...

  14. The Construction of Islamic Social-Cultural Space in a Mixed Community of Hui and Han---the Case of Nagu,Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xue Ximing; Yang Xihao; Ma Chuang

    2015-01-01

    The cultural space of multi ethnic residential regions is always diverse and complicat-ed,and the conflicts and integration of multi cul-tures is the main driving force in the process of constructing cultural space. The structure of this kind of culture space is not always stable or un-changeable. On one hand,the nature of cultural space is that it will exhibit new changes following with a deepening of the degree of integration among various cultures,which in turn might play an ac-tive role on the self-renewal of the cultural space. On the other hand,the dramatic cultural conflict produced from cultural misunderstandings might split the former cultural space,especially if some of the ethnic religions or belief systems are misun-derstood. In this case,ethnic or religious conflicts will be unavoidable—and,this will further influ-ence the social stability of a multi-ethnic country or region. Hence,the research on the form and the mechanism for constructing the cultural space of a multi-ethnic residential community becomes very important.

  15. Améliorer votre efficacité techniques d'aujourd'hui pour en faire plus en moins de temps

    CERN Document Server

    Savoyat, Bruno

    2012-01-01

    Quels que soient votre fonction, votre métier ou votre mission dans l'entreprise, ce livre pragmatique peut vous ouvrir les chemins d'une nouvelle vie. Il a été conçu et écrit pour vous rendre service et pour vous aider à gagner en efficacité. Les meilleures pratiques y ont été retenues pour vous. Certaines sont utilisées avec succès par plus d'un million de personnes à travers le monde. Leur mise en oeuvre est simple pour un impact maximal sur votre productivité, sur la qualité de votre travail et sur la satisfaction que vous retirerez de votre quotidien professionnel. Les principes et les conseils d'efficacité décrits dans ce livre peuvent être appliqués seul comme en équipe, et être généralisés à l'ensemble d'une entreprise. Vous pouvez choisir de les découvrir par une lecture du début à la fin, qui vous permettra une révision systématique de votre manière de travailler et de votre potentiel de gains en efficacité. Mais vous pouvez également opter pour une découverte théma...

  16. Photovoltaics in Algeria, today's experiences and perspectives of tomorrow; Le photovoltaique en Algerie, experiences d'aujourd'hui et perspectives de demain

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sahouane, Mehdi

    2010-09-15

    The communication describes Algeria's experience in the use of photovoltaics, principal renewable energy type used in the country, through the electrification of around 900 homes in 18 villages. This realization represents one of the largest projects accomplished by public powers in this domain with an installed power of 453KWc, which corresponds to 20% of the solar power currently exploited. Actions for the development of renewable energy in terms of realizations and regulations are listed, explaining the energy policy of Algeria which has fixed its contribution to the national energy balance at a level of 5% for 2017. [French] La communication decrit l'experience de l'Algerie dans l'utilisation du photovoltaique, principal type d'energie renouvelable utilisee dans le pays, a travers l'electrification d'environs 900 foyers repartis sur 18 villages. Cette realisation represente l'un des plus grands projets accomplis par les pouvoirs publics dans ce domaine avec une puissance installee de 453 KWc ce qui correspond a 20% de la puissance solaire presentement exploitee. Les actions destinees au developpement des energies renouvelables en matiere de realisations et reglementation sont citees explicitant la politique energetique de l'Algerie qui se fixe un taux de contribution au bilan energetique national de 5% pour 2017.

  17. The current status of coal liquefaction technologies - Panorama 2008; La liquefaction du charbon: ou en est-on aujourd'hui? - Panorama 2008

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-07-01

    In 2008, a first coal liquefaction unit to produce motor fuel (20,000 BPSD) will come on-stream in Shenhua, China (in the Ercos region of Inner Mongolia). Other, more ambitious projects have been announced in China for between now and 2020. Since oil production is expected to peak in the medium term, this technology may develop regionally in the next 20 years to cover ever-increasing demand for motor fuel.

  18. Verlies van (t)huis en haard. Het belang van verliesbegeleiding als onderdeel van de maatschappelijke begeleiding binnen het Vluchtelingenwerk, regio Utrecht

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoogenberk, Birgit

    2014-01-01

    Loss of home and house. The importance of loss counseling as a part of refugee social supportIn this article it is advocated that it is important that the implementation of loss counseling is part of social support for refugees, also called integrative eclectic working. Social support from

  19. Der französische GAV ist unrealistisch

    CERN Multimedia

    1984-01-01

    "Seit über zwei Wochen ist bei Genf ein Arbeitskonflikt im Gang. Die Arbeiter, die für das CERN eine gigantische Forschungsanlage bauen sollen, verlangen eine bessere Entlönung. Doch das federfürende Baukonsortium will nicht darauf eingehen, und die CERN-Verantwortlichen halten sich aus der Sache raus" (1 page).

  20. REVIEW: TIBETAN ENVIRONMENTALISTS IN CHINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reviewed by Bill Bleisch

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available Liu Jianqiang (Ian Rowen, Cyrus K Hui, and Emily T Yeh, translators 2015. Tibetan Environmentalists in China: The King of Dzi. Lanham, Boulder, New York, London: Lexington Books. xxi + 327 pp, index. ISBN 978-0-7391-9973-2 (hardback 105USD - ISBN 978-0-7391-9974-9 (electronic 103.35USD. This translation is an edited and updated version of Sky Beads - Tibetan Legends by Chinese journalist Liu Jianqiang, an accomplished investigative reporter (Fowler and Dean 2006; Shapiro 2016:126. The author began work on the book in 2006 when he was a visiting scholar at Peking University. He subsequently conducted a series of lengthy in-depth interviews with several remarkable individuals from various regions of Tibet - Tashi Dorje Hashi (Tador; Rukai Karma Samdrup (Karma and his older brother, Rinchen Samdrup (Rinchen; Tsewang Gendun Denba (Gendun, Musuo Lobsang Tsundru (Musuo, and others. What may have begun for the author as an investigation of local Tibetan environmental activism soon became something very different and more interesting: an exploration of the "remarkable lives" of individuals who had chosen to play a vibrant part in shaping the present and future of their home. The book explores not only their activities and thoughts on environmental and cultural conservation, but how these were shaped by their pasts and their current beliefs. The narrative digs unabashedly into all aspects of their lives, successes and mistakes, commitments and doubts. There is even an entire chapter devoted to the most intimate details of their complicated love lives, remarkable for the honesty and openness of the interviews.

  1. Identification of Human Factors Concerns in Joint Strike Fighter and Training Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-09-01

    thus resulting in attentional capture or tunneling. Yeh, Wickens and Seagull (1999) pointed out that the scanning cost of head-up display clutter...psychophysiological measures. International Journal of Aviation Psychology, 12(1), 3-18. 137 Yeh, M., Wickens, C.D., & Seagull , F.J. (1999, December

  2. Stereoselectivity and substrate specificity in the kinetic resolution of methyl-substituted 1-oxaspiro[2.5]octanes by Rhodotorula glutinis epoxide hydrolase

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Weijers, C.A.G.M.; Meeuwse, P.; Herpers, R.L.J.M.; Franssen, M.C.R.; Sudhölter, E.J.R.

    2005-01-01

    [GRAPHICS] The kinetic resolution of a range of methyl-substituted 1-oxaspiro[2.5]octanes by yeast epoxide hydrolase (YEH) from Rhodotorula glutinis has been investigated. The structural determinants of substrate specificity and stereoselectivity of YEH toward these substrates appeared to be the

  3. Virtual reality simulation for the optimization of endovascular procedures: current perspectives

    OpenAIRE

    Rudarakanchana, Nung; Van Herzeele, Isabelle; Desender, Liesbeth; Cheshire, Nicholas JW

    2015-01-01

    Nung Rudarakanchana,1 Isabelle Van Herzeele,2 Liesbeth Desender,2 Nicholas JW Cheshire1 1Department of Surgery, Imperial College London, London, UK; 2Department of Thoracic and Vascular Surgery, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, BelgiumOn behalf of EVEREST (European Virtual reality Endovascular RESearch Team)Abstract: Endovascular technologies are rapidly evolving, often requiring coordination and cooperation between clinicians and technicians from diverse specialties. These multidisciplinary...

  4. The SMPR from yesterday and today for the energy production; Les RPMP d'hier et d'aujourd'hui pour la production d'energie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barre, B. [Cogema, Dir. R and D, 78 - Velizy Villacoublay (France)

    2002-07-01

    The historical aspects of the Small and Medium Power Reactors (SMPR) are presented. The little reactors often be used in domains where the economical aspects were not important. The fight between medium and big profits historically to the biggest reactors. (author)

  5. A particular light on todays and tomorrows urban energies: perceptions and views of the young generation; Un eclairage particulier sur les energies urbaines d`aujourd`hui et de demain: perceptions et regards des jeunes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martin, V.; Strauss, N.; Jaladis, S.; Waroux, D.

    1995-12-31

    In the framework of prospective studies on the town of the future, an inquiry with questionnaire was carried out on a pool of 230 students from 5 schools of the western suburb of Paris (France) in order to have an idea about their representations of todays energies, about their consumption habits, their living attitudes and their transportation practices, and about their apprehension of these domains in the 15-20 forthcoming years. For the present day, they spontaneously make reference to the solar and nuclear energies but they do not make distinction between energy source and final energy. Environment is a major concern threw the pollution aspects and is positioned just behind the society themes (unemployment, AIDS, exclusion). They favour the electric power for the domestic uses. They have a rather pessimistic vision of the future of energy resources. According to their opinion, electric power, bio-fuels and solar energy will be the future energy sources for transportation systems, electricity will dominate the domestic uses and they will be reticent with respect to the domestic development of safety networks for goods and people. The cross-comparison between sexes and occupational branches reveals three groups: modernist, conservative and ecologist. (J.S.)

  6. A particular light on todays and tomorrows urban energies: perceptions and views of the young generation; Un eclairage particulier sur les energies urbaines d`aujourd`hui et de demain: perceptions et regards des jeunes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martin, V; Strauss, N; Jaladis, S; Waroux, D

    1996-12-31

    In the framework of prospective studies on the town of the future, an inquiry with questionnaire was carried out on a pool of 230 students from 5 schools of the western suburb of Paris (France) in order to have an idea about their representations of todays energies, about their consumption habits, their living attitudes and their transportation practices, and about their apprehension of these domains in the 15-20 forthcoming years. For the present day, they spontaneously make reference to the solar and nuclear energies but they do not make distinction between energy source and final energy. Environment is a major concern threw the pollution aspects and is positioned just behind the society themes (unemployment, AIDS, exclusion). They favour the electric power for the domestic uses. They have a rather pessimistic vision of the future of energy resources. According to their opinion, electric power, bio-fuels and solar energy will be the future energy sources for transportation systems, electricity will dominate the domestic uses and they will be reticent with respect to the domestic development of safety networks for goods and people. The cross-comparison between sexes and occupational branches reveals three groups: modernist, conservative and ecologist. (J.S.)

  7. Un savoir thérapeutique hybride et mobile : éclairage sur la recherche médicale en médecine chinoise en Chine aujourd'hui

    OpenAIRE

    Micollier , Evelyne

    2011-01-01

    The issue of innovations in TCM (zhongyi) - the Chinese medicine integrated in the public health system promoted by the post-1949 Chinese government, is approached through the case-study of the ongoing biomedicalisation of TCM research and the use of 'evidence-based medicine' (EBM) through clinical trials. Three points will be discussed: the fi rst introduces a 'plural' medical context and a recent debate in China on the issue of pulling-out TCM from the public health-care system involving of...

  8. Social support received by multidrug-resistant tuberculosis patients and related factors: a cross-sectional study in Zhejiang Province, People's Republic of China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen B

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Bin Chen,1 Yin Peng,1 Lin Zhou,1 Chengliang Chai,1 Hui-Chi Yeh,2 Songhua Chen,1 Fei Wang,1 Mingwu Zhang,1 Tieniu He,1 Xiaomeng Wang1 1Department of Tuberculosis Control and Prevention, Zhejiang Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Binjiang District, Hangzhou, People’s Republic of China; 2Politics & International Relations, Social Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK Objectives: The objective of this study is to assess the social support received by patients diagnosed with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB in Zhejiang Province, People’s Republic of China and the factors that may have influenced it. Methods: A total of 220 MDR-TB patients participated in the questionnaire-based survey, and the data from 212 valid questionnaires were analyzed. The respondents reported their sociodemographic status, disease features, and attitudes toward the disease. The social support rating scale was used to measure the patients’ social support scores. An Independent Samples t-test, one-way analysis of variance, and a multiple linear regression model were used to analyze the related factors for the social support scores. Result: The average social support score of each MDR-TB patient was 32.56±7.86. Participants who were single, widowed or divorced, retired, and had fewer family members and lower family income were found to have lower social support scores. Participants unwilling to disclose their disease tended to have less social support (31.59<34.23, P=0.010. Participants who perceived great help from health care workers reported higher social support rating scale scores than those who perceived no help (35.36>29.89, P=0.014. Conclusion: MDR-TB patients in Zhejiang Province were shown to have a low level of social support. Patients who were not married, had smaller families, and lower family income received less social support, suggesting that family harmony could be an important source of social support. Patients

  9. Electronic flight bag (EFB) : 2010 industry survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-01

    This document provides an overview of Electronic Flight Bag (EFB) systems and capabilities, as of June 2010. This document updates and replaces the April 2007 EFB Industry Review (Yeh and Chandra, 2007). As with the previous industry survey, the focu...

  10. Molecular genetics of schizophrenia: past, present and future

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Unknown

    leucocyte antigen; IDDM, insulin dependent diabetes mellitus; MAO, monoamine oxidase; MHC, ... In this review, we summarize the evolution of schizophrenia genetics from ...... K, Yeh J I and Hsiao K J 1999 Systematic mutation analysis.

  11. loci for phylogenetic inference and authentication among ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2015-04-01

    Apr 1, 2015 ... 2Department of BioIndustry Technology, Da-Yeh University, Changhua 51591, Taiwan. 3Department of Bioresources ... lignum and leaves (Huang, 1984; Ou 1989; Chang, 1995). ... Mo-tuo-wan Mountain (Hualien County).

  12. Analysis of genetic diversity and estimation of inbreeding coefficient ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    STORAGESEVER

    2010-01-18

    Jan 18, 2010 ... Key words: Genetic diversity, microsatellite markers, Caspian horse breed. INTRODUCTION ... heterozygosity, observed and effective number of alleles at each ... computer program version 1.31 (Yeh et al., 1999). Based on ...

  13. Sine Fine: Dios, los Habsburgo y el traspaso de las insignias de poder en el Quinientos

    OpenAIRE

    Mínguez, Víctor

    2014-01-01

    Partiendo del estudio de una pintura flamenca de Ambrosius Francken, Allegorie auf die Kaiserkrönung Ferdinands II. am 9. September 1619 (Deutsches Historisches Museum de Berlín), se analiza en esta investigación la construcción iconográfica de la entrega divina de las insignias del poder a los emperadores o reyes de la Casa de Habsburgo, a través de diversos grabados y pinturas. Estas imágenes configuran un discurso visual y retórico que pretendía justificar públicamente la...

  14. Web Usability Policies/Standards/Guidelines Do Not Influence Practices at ARL Academic Libraries. A Review of: Chen, Yu‐Hui, Carol Anne Germain and Huahai Yang. “An Exploration into the Practices of Library Web Usability in ARL Academic Libraries.” Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 60.5 (2009: 953‐68.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shandra Protzko

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective – To survey the current status of Web usability Policies/Standards/Guidelines (PSGs found in academic libraries of the Association of Research Libraries (ARL. Researchers sought to investigate whether PSGs are in place, the levels of difficulty surrounding implementation, the impact of PSGs on design, testing, and resource allocation, and the relationship between ARL ranking and usability practice or PSGs.Design – Survey.Setting – North America.Subjects – Academic libraries of the ARL.Methods – An 18‐question survey consisting of multiple choice, Likert scale, and open‐ended questions was sent to all 113 ARL libraries in November 2007. Survey recipients were selected as the person in charge of Web site usability by visiting library Web sites and phone inquiry. The survey was concluded in January 2008 with a response rate of 74% (84 institutions. The researchers used t‐test to detect any difference in ARL library ranking between libraries with and without PSGs. Pair‐wise t‐tests were conducted to identify gaps in difficulty implementing PSGs. In addition, they used Pearson’s Correlation to investigate any significant correlations between variables such as ARL rank and resource allocation.Main Results – Of the 84 respondents, 34 (40% have general library Web PSGs and 25 (30% have specific usability PSGs; 41 (49% have at least one type of in‐library PSG. Of the 43 (51% libraries that do not have PSGs, 30 (36% are at universities with institutional Web usability PSGs; 26 (87% follow those guidelines. There was no statistically significant relationship between ARL ranking and PSG status (see Table 1. The authors asked about difficulty in implementing PSGs. Of the 32 libraries responding to a question about general library Web PSGs, most had slight or moderate difficulty. Twenty‐three libraries with specific usability PSGs identified difficulty levels; some had no difficulty, but a majority had moderate difficulty. For the 26 libraries using institutional Web usability PSGs, most had no or slight difficulty. Pair‐wise t‐tests showed that library Web usability PSGs were significantly more difficult to implement than university Web usability PSGs. Enforcement/agreement issues were reported as the primary difficulty in implementing in‐library PSGs. Technical issues and ambiguity were obstacles at the institutional level. More than half of the 84 libraries have Web advisory committees and about one third have usability committees or Web usability subcommittees. Several libraries answered that they have none of these committees, but indicated that they have some sort of ad hoc committee or user study group to address usability issues. Of the 84 respondents, 71 (85% have conducted usability testing. Sixty‐two libraries (73.8% rated usability testing as important, very important, or extremely important: the rate given for the importance of usability testing did not correlate with ARL ranking. Cited most often in open ended questioningwere the importance of iterative testing, library wide buy‐in, and staff and resource availability. Main web pages were tested most frequently. Fifty‐three libraries (74.6% tested their lower level pages at least once. OPACs were tested the least often. The amount of testing was impacted neither by the existence of library Web PSGs nor usability PSGs. The top two testing methods were in‐person observation and think aloud protocol.Of the 84 libraries, 24 (28% reported having staff dedicated to Web usability issues; twenty full‐time staff and four part‐time staff. There was a weak association between ARL ranking and hours worked by dedicated staff; no association existed for regular staff who take on Web responsibilities. Fifty‐one (60% of libraries had regular staff whose duties included Web usability; forty‐six full‐time and five part‐time. Training did not correlate to amount of testing methods used. There was a weak link between ALR ranking and availability of resources and, the authors showed, more testing was done as resources increased. In response to a query about future Web usability plans, the focus was on usability testing and site redesign, with only three libraries planning to refine or establish usability PSGs.Conclusion – The authors hypothesized that “web usability PSGs would influence usability practice within libraries and other institutions” (953. The data show that PSGs do not influence practices. The authors conclude that there is no significant relationship between PSGs and testing practices or PSGs and the availability of resources. Likewise, ARL ranking had no effect on the establishment of usability PSGs. Most libraries are conducting usability testing, and there was a weak link between ARL ranking and availability of testing resources. Highlighted in the open‐ended questions is the lack of usability expertise among stakeholders. Workload, inadequate human resources, and lack of organizational cohesion are also cited as barriers to the adoption of Web usability PSGs. The authors speculate that Web professionals likely use their own working knowledge and internalized guidelines without having formal documentation. The authors further speculate that the difficulty related to creating mental models that adequately represent library tasks may hinder the use of formal usability PSGs. Additionally, libraries may not regard the lack of usability PSGs as a liability, especially in light of the lack of government mandates or standards. The authors recommend educational efforts for key players on the value of Web usability, support for hiring dedicated staff, and formal documentation to guide design practice. The authors plan to compare the collected PSGs in an upcoming project. Future research could focus on non‐ARL libraries, the relationship between PSGs and user experience, and Content Management System (CMS usability characteristics.

  15. Cinderella's Lessons on Footbinding: How Tiny Feet Found their Way into the Chinese Cinderella Story

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tyler Scott Smith

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The story of Cinderella has had many variants, some dating back to ancient Tibetan trade routes and dynastic China. When the tale is analysed in comparison to other variants it is found that in the Chinese version Yeh-Shen (Cinderella is prized for the small size of her feet. The result of Yeh-Shen having small feet in the story is that she is led her into wealth, power and marriage, the same pursuable goals that led to the custom of footbinding. In southern China the custom of footbinding became a historically defining feature of the society. A women's beauty and her delicacy were judged by the size of her feet, and small feet were the aim of the binding. Small feet played such an important role in the society that it can be found as early as the ninth century C.E., in the traditional oral story, Yeh-Shen.

  16. An Improvement on Remote User Authentication Schemes Using Smart Cards

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chin-Ling Chen

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available In 2010, Yeh et al. proposed two robust remote user authentication schemes using smart cards; their claims were such that their schemes defended against ID-theft attacks, reply attacks, undetectable on-line password guessing attacks, off-line password guessing attacks, user impersonation attack, server counterfeit attack and man-in-the-middle attack. In this paper, we show that Yeh et al.’s schemes are still vulnerable to ID-theft attack, off-line password guessing attacks, undetectable on-line password guessing attacks and user impersonation attack. Notably, problems remain in situations where the user lost a smart card or the malicious legal user. To remedy these flaws, this paper proposes an improvement on Yeh et al.’s remote user authentication schemes using smart cards.

  17. Cinderella's Lessons on Footbinding: How Tiny Feet Found their Way into the Chinese Cinderella Story

    OpenAIRE

    Tyler Scott Smith

    2013-01-01

    The story of Cinderella has had many variants, some dating back to ancient Tibetan trade routes and dynastic China. When the tale is analysed in comparison to other variants it is found that in the Chinese version Yeh-Shen (Cinderella) is prized for the small size of her feet. The result of Yeh-Shen having small feet in the story is that she is led her into wealth, power and marriage, the same pursuable goals that led to the custom of footbinding. In southern China the custom of footbinding b...

  18. Conserved ABC Transport System Regulated by the General Stress Response Pathways of Alpha- and Gammaproteobacteria

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Herrou, Julien; Willett, Jonathan W.; Czy; #380; , Daniel M.; Babnigg, Gyorgy; Kim, Youngchang; Crosson, Sean (UC)

    2016-12-19

    ABSTRACT

    Brucella abortusσE1is an EcfG family sigma factor that regulates the transcription of dozens of genes in response to diverse stress conditions and is required for maintenance of chronic infection in a mouse model. A putative ATP-binding cassette transporter operon,bab1_0223-bab1_0226, is among the most highly activated gene sets in the σE1regulon. The proteins encoded by the operon resemble quaternary ammonium-compatible solute importers but are most similar in sequence to the broadly conserved YehZYXW system, which remains largely uncharacterized. Transcription ofyehZYXWis activated by the general stress sigma factor σSinEnterobacteriaceae, which suggests a functional role for this transport system in bacterial stress response across the classesAlphaproteobacteriaandGammaproteobacteria. We present evidence thatB. abortusYehZYXW does not function as an importer of known compatible solutes under physiological conditions and does not contribute to the virulence defect of a σE1-null strain. The solein vitrophenotype associated with genetic disruption of this putative transport system is reduced growth in the presence of high Li+ion concentrations. A crystal structure ofB. abortusYehZ revealed a class II periplasmic binding protein fold with significant structural homology toArchaeoglobus fulgidusProX, which binds glycine betaine. However, the structure

  19. VALIDATION OF THE RUSSIAN VERSION OF A QUESTIONNAIRE FOR THE ASSESSMENT OF UTILITARIAN INDICES IN PEDIATRIC PRACTICE. STAGE II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. V. Vinyarskaya

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: To create the Russian-language version of the standardized international questionnaire Health Utilities Index (HUI applicable for children's age, on the basis of the relevant international requirements to linguistic ratification and validation of tools. Patients and methods: 427 children of the first and 233 children of the second health group have taken part in the research. Average age of patients made10.8 ± 4.6 years. Criteria validity of the HUI questionnaire was assessed by comparison of patients' answers who had the different health status, a convergent validity — by comparison of the HUI attributes with scales of the PedsQL questionnaire, reliability — by calculation of Cronbach's alfa and the analysis of correlations between questions of the HUI classification. Results: Between the first and second health group there were significant distinctions on each attribute of the HUI questionnaire (p < 0.001. Average value of a number of the reduced attributes significantly differed depending on the state of health of patients: the worse the state of health is, the higher number of limited attributes is (p < 0.05. Significant correlations between the scales estimating similar concepts on questionnaires HUI and PedsQL are established. In assessment of the reliability Cronbach's according to the HUI3 and HUI2 system made 0.79 and 0.8, respectively. Significantcorrelations between the questions estimating identical attributes (sight, hearing, speech, cognitive abilities are shown. The validity and reliability assessment executed for children with various state of health, allowed to assess all attributes of the HUI2 and HUI3 systems. The received results showed satisfactory psychometric properties of the new language version of a questionnaire. Conclusion: The offeredRussian version of the international questionnaire HUI is a validated tool for the development of utility coefficients for various chronic diseases in children, creation of the

  20. A review of preference-based measures for the assessment of quality of life in children and adolescents with cerebral palsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mpundu-Kaambwa, Christine; Chen, Gang; Huynh, Elisabeth; Russo, Remo; Ratcliffe, Julie

    2018-03-22

    To examine the psychometric properties and suitability for use within the context of cerebral palsy research in children and adolescents of generic preference-based outcome measures (PROMs). Nine electronic databases were searched in this systematic review. The consensus-based standards for the selection of health measurement instruments (COSMIN) checklist were used to measure the psychometric properties of the PROMs. A meta-analysis was used to pool correlation coefficients for convergent validity using the Schmidt-Hunter method. Heterogeneity was assessed using the I-squared statistic (I 2 ). Four preference-based PROMs were identified from eight studies: Health Utilities Index-Mark 2 and 3 (HUI-2 and HUI-3, respectively), the Assessment Quality of Life-4 dimension (AQoL-4D) and the EuroQol-5 dimension 3 level (EQ-5D-3L). Only the HUI system was primarily developed for application with children/adolescents though health-state values for scoring the PROM were elicited from adults. The HUI-3 covered the most relevant constructs though it excludes important modules of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) such as activity limitations and participation restrictions. In terms of psychometric properties, evidence was presented for only five of COSMIN measurement properties: reliability (HUI3), measurement error (HUI-3), content validity (HUI-2 and HUI-3), Hypotheses testing (HUI-3 and AQoL-4D) and criterion validity (HUI-3). No papers reported on internal consistency, structural validity, cross-cultural validity or responsiveness of the preference-based measures in children and adolescents with cerebral palsy. This review highlights the dearth in studies using preference-based PROMs to measure HRQOL associated with cerebral palsy in children and adolescents. The HUI-3 demonstrated the strongest psychometric properties, though it does not cover all dimensions relevant to this population.

  1. Allozyme variation in Picea mariana from Newfoundland: Discussion

    Science.gov (United States)

    William B. Critchfield

    1987-01-01

    In their recent paper describing the distribution of genetic variation in black spruce (Picea mariana (Mill.) B.S.P.) on the island of Newfoundland, Yeh et el. (1986) concluded that a center of variability in west-central Newfoundland derived from ancestral populations that persisted on the island during the last (Wisconsin) glaciation. They...

  2. Author Details - AJOL

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Yeh-Gorocica, A. Vol 6, No 1 (2016) - Articles First molecular evidence of Toxoplasma gondii in opossums (Didelphis virginiana) from Yucatan, Mexico Abstract PDF. ISSN: 2218-6050. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL · AJOL's ...

  3. A generalized solution for groundwater head fluctuation in a tidal ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Mo-Hsiung Chuang1 and Hund-Der Yeh2,∗. 1Department of Urban Planning and Disaster Management, Ming-Chuan University,. Gweishan District, Taoyuan, Taiwan. 2Institute of Environmental Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu, Taiwan. ∗. Corresponding author. e-mail: hdyeh@mail.nctu.edu.tw.

  4. Exploitation, exploration, and how learning affects strategic intent in multinational enterprises' foreign direct investment decisions: A commentary essay

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kamal, F.; Englis-Danskin, Paula

    2012-01-01

    Research on foreign direct investment is a rich vein of inquiry in international business and management literature. Scholars explore various aspects of FDI including the reasons for location selection. Chen and Yeh's research is in that tradition. Under the title of “Re-examining location

  5. Zhou et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2015) 12(4):87-95 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Proff.Adewunmi

    containing 10 rats: (1) I/R-ethanol group (IRI), in which the rats were .... Wy14643 Pretreatment Alleviated Liver Pathological Changes in Liver I/R Injury .... IRI in myocardial and cerebral by suppressing inflammation(Yeh CH,2006; Collino M,.

  6. photoautotrophic, photomixotrophic

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dion Daniels

    on the adaptation of papaya plants, strengthening the function of the stomata and with this, allowing .... culture vessels with a total volume of 250 mL with 30 mL of liquid ..... scaling. Physiological parameters: Chlorophyll a, b and carotenoids. In terms ..... Soluble sugars mediate .... Yu TA, Yeh SD, Cheng YH, Yang JS (2000).

  7. Mental Health Help-Seeking Behaviors among Asian American Community College Students: The Effect of Stigma, Cultural Barriers, and Acculturation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Meekyung; Pong, Helen

    2015-01-01

    According to the 2008 U.S. Census, there are 15.5 million Asian Americans in the United States, and 17% are students enrolled in a university (Shea & Yeh, 2008). Asian American college students in higher education are oftentimes perceived as the "model minority" with high academic achievements and few mental and/or behavioral…

  8. Should We Stay or Should We Go Now? The Physical, Economic, Geopolitical, Social and Psychological Factors of Recovery from Catastrophic Disaster

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-09-01

    Histoire d’aujourd’hui (Paris: Larousse, 2008). 54 Graham Evans and Jeffrey Newnham, The Penguin Dictionary of International Relations (London...Géopolitique: La Longue Histoire d’aujourd’hui. Paris: Larousse, 2008. Lammers, Cornelis Jacobus. Survey of Evacuation Problems and Disaster

  9. Journal of Genetics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Hua-Hsien Chiu1 Yi-Ting Tseng2 Hui-Pin Hsiao3 Hui-Hua Hsiao3. Department of Biotechnology, Fooyin University, Kaohsiung 831, Taiwan; School of Medical and Health Science, Fooyin University, Kaohsiung 831, Taiwan; Faculty of Medicine, College of Medicine, and Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung ...

  10. Journal of Chemical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Chemical Sciences. YU-HUI HOU. Articles written in Journal of Chemical Sciences. Volume 130 Issue 1 January 2018 pp 6. Efficient click reaction towards novel sulfonamide hybrids by molecular hybridization strategy as antiproliferative agents · DONG-JUN FU YU-HUI HOU SAI-YANG ZHANG ...

  11. Journal of Chemical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Chemical Sciences. Hao-Hao Hui. Articles written in Journal of Chemical Sciences. Volume 120 Issue 3 May 2008 pp 347-351. Microwave-assisted efficient oxidation of internal alkynes to 1,2-diaryldiketones with DMSO/I2 · Min Chen Qin Zhao De-Bing She Ming-Yu Yang Hao-Hao Hui ...

  12. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. Hui Liang. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 36 Issue 5 October 2011 pp 885-915. Current trends in multilingual speech processing · Hervé Bourlard John Dines Mathew Magimai-Doss Philip N Garner David Imseng Petr Motlicek Hui Liang Lakshmi Saheer Fabio Valente · More Details Abstract ...

  13. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. YAN HUI GENG. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 43 Issue 3 March 2018 pp 34. Spectral element method for wave propagation on irregular domains · YAN HUI GENG GUO LIANG QIN JIA ZHONG ZHANG · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. A spectral element approximation of acoustic ...

  14. Sex and the City

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Scheen, L.M.

    2006-01-01

    Mian Mian pouring beer on Wei Hui’s head in a Shanghai bar; Wei Hui baring her breasts at a press conference; threats on the Internet – self-labelled Beauty Writers Mian Mian and Wei Hui fear no accusations in their public catfight over alleged plagiarism in turn-of-the-century Shanghai. The rivalry

  15. Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research - Vol 17, No 5 (2018)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Jun Lu, Hou-pan Song, Qin-hui Tuo, Qi-chang Zeng, Qin Wang, Ya-hui Huang, 809-815 ... Chemical composition and biological activities of n-butanol extract of ... Jude A. Udoye, Raymond I. Ozolua, Jude Nwokike, Jude Nwokike, 937-945 ...

  16. Bulletin of Materials Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. Hui Shen. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 30 Issue 2 April 2007 pp 101-104 Single Crystals. Piezoelectric properties of Sr3Ga2Ge4O14 single crystals · Anhua Wu Jiayue Xu Juan Zhou Hui Shen · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. A new piezoelectric ...

  17. The Health Utilities Index (HUI®: concepts, measurement properties and applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Horsman John

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This is a review of the Health Utilities Index (HUI® multi-attribute health-status classification systems, and single- and multi-attribute utility scoring systems. HUI refers to both HUI Mark 2 (HUI2 and HUI Mark 3 (HUI3 instruments. The classification systems provide compact but comprehensive frameworks within which to describe health status. The multi-attribute utility functions provide all the information required to calculate single-summary scores of health-related quality of life (HRQL for each health state defined by the classification systems. The use of HUI in clinical studies for a wide variety of conditions in a large number of countries is illustrated. HUI provides comprehensive, reliable, responsive and valid measures of health status and HRQL for subjects in clinical studies. Utility scores of overall HRQL for patients are also used in cost-utility and cost-effectiveness analyses. Population norm data are available from numerous large general population surveys. The widespread use of HUI facilitates the interpretation of results and permits comparisons of disease and treatment outcomes, and comparisons of long-term sequelae at the local, national and international levels.

  18. The impact of incident fractures on health-related quality of life: 5 years of data from the Canadian Multicentre Osteoporosis Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papaioannou, A; Kennedy, C C; Ioannidis, G; Sawka, A; Hopman, W M; Pickard, L; Brown, J P; Josse, R G; Kaiser, S; Anastassiades, T; Goltzman, D; Papadimitropoulos, M; Tenenhouse, A; Prior, J C; Olszynski, W P; Adachi, J D

    2009-05-01

    Using prospective data from the Canadian Multicentre Osteoporosis Study (CaMos), we compared health utilities index (HUI) scores after 5 years of follow-up among participants (50 years and older) with and without incident clinical fractures. Incident fractures had a negative impact on HUI scores over time. This study examined change in health-related quality of life (HRQL) in those with and without incident clinical fractures as measured by the HUI. The study cohort was 4,820 women and 1,783 men (50 years and older) from the CaMos. The HUI was administered at baseline and year 5. Participants were sub-divided into incident fracture groups (hip, rib, spine, forearm, pelvis, other) and were compared with those without these fractures. The effects of both time and fracture type on HUI scores were examined in multivariable regression analyses. Men and women with hip fractures, compared to those without, had lower HUI measures that ranged from -0.05 to -0.25. Both women and men with spine fractures had significant deficits on the pain attributes (-0.07 to -0.12). In women, self-care (-0.06), mobility and ambulation (-0.05) were also negatively impacted. Women with rib fractures had deficits similar to women with spine fractures, and these effects persisted over time. In men, rib fractures did not significantly affect HUI scores. Pelvic and forearm fractures did not substantially influence HUI scores. The HUI was a sensitive measure of HRQL change over time. These results will inform economic analyses evaluating osteoporosis therapies.

  19. Pyongyangi leedi Macbeth tõmbab niite Põhja-Koreas / Yuriko Koike

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koike, Yuriko

    2010-01-01

    Põhja-Korea liidri Kim Jong-il'i õest Kim Kyong-hui'st. Autori, Jaapani endise kaitseministri väitel on hakatud uskuma, et Kim Jong-il võib igal hetkel määrata just Kim Kyong-hui üleminekuaja valitsejaks, kes peab korraldama tema surma järel kolmanda põlvkonna Kimi võimuletuleku, kuid Kim Kyong-hui võib ise ihata saada Kim Jong-ili mantlipärijaks

  20. A unifying framework for the problem of adjudicating conflicting claims

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hougaard, Jens Leth; Østerdal, Lars Peter Raahave; Moreno-Terero, Juan D.

    2012-01-01

    operators in order to uncover the structure of such a space. In this paper, we generalize their analysis upon presenting and studying a general family of operators inspired by three apparently unrelated approaches to the problem of adjudicating conflicting claims. We study the structural properties......In a recent paper, Thomson and Yeh [Thomson, W., Yeh, C.-H., 2008. Operators for the adjudication of conflicting claims. Journal of Economic Theory 143, 177–198] introduced the concept of operators on the space of rules for the problem of adjudicating conflicting claims. They focused on three...... of this family and show, in particular, that most of Thomson and Yeh’s results are specific cases of our study....

  1. High Entropy Alloys: A Current Evaluation of Founding Ideas and Core Effects and Exploring Nonlinear Alloys (Postprint)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-08-29

    299 (2004). 9. S. Ranganathan , Curr. Sci. 85, 1404 (2003). 10. F. Otto, Y. Yang, H. Bei, and E.P. George, Acta Mater. 61, 2628 (2013). 11. O.N...W. Yeh, and S. Ranganathan , High-Entropy Alloys (Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann, 2014). 33. Y. Zou, S. Maiti, W. Steurer, and R. Spolenak, Acta Mater...Intermetallics 41, 96 (2013). 36. X. Yang and Y. Zhang, Mater. Chem. Phys. 132, 233 (2012). 37. S. Ranganathan , Personal communication (Bangalore: In

  2. Microstructure of Amorphous and Semi-Crystalline Polymers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-06-07

    in IFigure 1. Again. nf evidence ofan ii( hilar featir’s is seen and the comnbinaion of the bright-field and dark-field micrographs provides strfng...S. Y’. Yeh. (’re v1c". Aacrm ,l.m I 1rcm. I, 17311972). 5. S. Krinim and A. V. Tabo sky. Textile Res. J. 21, 805 (1951). 6. A. Bij rnhatig

  3. Controllable Tamm states in magnetophotonic crystal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Merzlikin, A.M. [Institute for Theoretical and Applied Electromagnetics, Russian Academy of Science, 13/19 Izhorskaya ul., 125412 Moscow (Russian Federation); Vinogradov, A.P. [Institute for Theoretical and Applied Electromagnetics, Russian Academy of Science, 13/19 Izhorskaya ul., 125412 Moscow (Russian Federation)]. E-mail: a-vinogr@yandex.ru; Dorofeenko, A.V. [Institute for Theoretical and Applied Electromagnetics, Russian Academy of Science, 13/19 Izhorskaya ul., 125412 Moscow (Russian Federation); Inoue, M. [Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Toyohashi University of Technology, 1-1 Hibari-Ga-Oka, Tempaku, Toyohashi 441-8580 (Japan); Levy, M. [Department of Physics, Michigan Technological University, 1400 Townsend Drive Houghton, MI 49931-1295 (United States); Granovsky, A.B. [Faculty of Physics, M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Vorob' evy Gory, 119992 Moscow (Russian Federation)

    2007-05-15

    We study the Tamm states existing at the interface of a 1D magnetophotonic crystal made of magneto-optic material and a material with natural anisotropy. It is shown that in such a photonic crystal (PC) Yeh's band gap may exist, which causes a special type of the Tamm state. As this state is due to magneto-optic properties, it is controllable by an external magnetic field.

  4. Controllable Tamm states in magnetophotonic crystal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Merzlikin, A.M.; Vinogradov, A.P.; Dorofeenko, A.V.; Inoue, M.; Levy, M.; Granovsky, A.B.

    2007-01-01

    We study the Tamm states existing at the interface of a 1D magnetophotonic crystal made of magneto-optic material and a material with natural anisotropy. It is shown that in such a photonic crystal (PC) Yeh's band gap may exist, which causes a special type of the Tamm state. As this state is due to magneto-optic properties, it is controllable by an external magnetic field

  5. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of oral antioxidant supplement therapy in patients with dry eye syndrome

    OpenAIRE

    Huang, Jehn-Yu; Yeh, Po-Ting; Hou, Yu-Chih

    2016-01-01

    Jehn-Yu Huang, Po-Ting Yeh, Yu-Chih Hou Department of Ophthalmology, National Taiwan University Hospital, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of oral antioxidant supplementation in the treatment of patients with dry eye syndrome (DES). Methods: A prospective, randomized, double-blinded study compared the effects of an antioxidant supplement (containing anthocyanosides, astaxanthin, vitamins A, C, and E, and several herbal extract...

  6. The use of Optical Magnetic Twisting Cytometry and Flourescence Resonance Energy Transfer to quantify force-induced protein dissociation in the nucleus of a living cell

    OpenAIRE

    sprotocols

    2015-01-01

    Authors: Yeh-Chuin Poh & Ning Wang ### Abstract Mechanical forces are known to play a significant role in biological processes. These forces can be transmitted to the cell through the cytoskeletal filament network, inducing different biochemical responses within the cytoplasm. Although there have been ample reports showing that cytoplasmic enzymes can be directly activated by a local stress on the cell surface via integrins, there has been no evidence that mechanical forces can direct...

  7. Supporting Battlefield Situation Assessment Through Attention Guidance and Diagnostic Aiding: A Cost-Benefit and Depth of Processing Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-12-01

    conceptual framework proposed by Craik and Lockhart (1972) offers a useful approach for examining depth of processing in an information integration task... processing ( Craik & Lockhart , 1972) for a particular unit (i.e., whether cueing decreased target sensitivity) (Yeh & Wickens, 2001). It was also predicted...F.I.M. & Lockhart , R.S. (1972). Levels of processing : A framework for memory research. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 11, 671-684

  8. Supporting Situation Assessment through Attention Guidance: A Cost-Benefit and Depth of Processing Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-01-01

    Factors, 30(1), 15-24. Craik , F.I.M. & Lockhart , R.S. (1972). Levels of processing : A framework for memory research. Journal of Verbal Learning and... processing ( Craik & Lockhart , 1972) for a particular unit (i.e., whether cueing would increase or decrease the memory for separate attributes of the cued...without processing these cues at a deeper level . Yeh and Wickens (2001, in press) found a similar response bias (beta) in observers who believed the

  9. Internet Journal of Medical Update - EJOURNAL - Vol 3, No 2 (2008)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Lateralization pattern in patients with Schizophrenia and Depression. B Bhushan, A Prakash, R Gupta. http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ijmu.v3i2.39836 · Gender Determination using Fingertip Features. J-F Wang, C-L Lin, Y-H Chang, ML Nagurka, C-W Yen, C Yeh. http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ijmu.v3i2.39838 · Effects of smoking on ...

  10. The Effect of the Ionosphere on Radiowave Signals and Systems Performance Based on Ionospheric Effects Symposium Held on 1-3 May 1990

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-05-03

    extensive computer modeling studies were carried out, as summarized in reports and reviews by Croft, 1972; Testud , 1973; Hines, 1974; Yeh and Liu, 1974...1968) and Testud (1972), as a result of some complicated chemistry changes described by Hooke (1968). if the object of the investigation is to...B)l Testud (1972) showed that in addition to the electron density fluctuation, there are other effects complicating the AGW/TID coupling mechanism His

  11. Evaluation of the pressure difference across the core during PWR-LOCA reflood phase

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Iguchi, Tadashi; Murao, Yoshio

    1979-03-01

    The flooding rate of the core influences largely cooling of the core during the reflood phase of a PWR-LOCA. Since the void fraction of two-phase flow in the core is important determining the flooding rate, it is essential to examine this void fraction. The void fraction in the core during the reflood phase obtained by experiment was compared with those predicted by the correlations respectively of Akagawa, Nicklin, Zuber, Yeh, Griffice, Behringer and Jhonson. Only Yeh's correlation was found to be usable for the purpose. The pressure difference of the core during the reflood phase was calculated by reflood analyzing code REFLA-1D using Yeh's correlation. Following are the results: (1) During the steady-state period after quenching of the heaters, the prediction agrees within +-15% with the experiment. (2) During the transient period when the quench front is advancing, the prediction is not in agreement with the experiment, the difference being about +-40%. Influence of the advancing quench front upon the void fraction in the core must further be studied. (author)

  12. Security Enhanced User Authentication Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks Using Elliptic Curves Cryptography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Younsung Choi

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Wireless sensor networks (WSNs consist of sensors, gateways and users. Sensors are widely distributed to monitor various conditions, such as temperature, sound, speed and pressure but they have limited computational ability and energy. To reduce the resource use of sensors and enhance the security of WSNs, various user authentication protocols have been proposed. In 2011, Yeh et al. first proposed a user authentication protocol based on elliptic curve cryptography (ECC for WSNs. However, it turned out that Yeh et al.’s protocol does not provide mutual authentication, perfect forward secrecy, and key agreement between the user and sensor. Later in 2013, Shi et al. proposed a new user authentication protocol that improves both security and efficiency of Yeh et al.’s protocol. However, Shi et al.’s improvement introduces other security weaknesses. In this paper, we show that Shi et al.’s improved protocol is vulnerable to session key attack, stolen smart card attack, and sensor energy exhausting attack. In addition, we propose a new, security-enhanced user authentication protocol using ECC for WSNs.

  13. Security enhanced user authentication protocol for wireless sensor networks using elliptic curves cryptography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Younsung; Lee, Donghoon; Kim, Jiye; Jung, Jaewook; Nam, Junghyun; Won, Dongho

    2014-06-10

    Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) consist of sensors, gateways and users. Sensors are widely distributed to monitor various conditions, such as temperature, sound, speed and pressure but they have limited computational ability and energy. To reduce the resource use of sensors and enhance the security of WSNs, various user authentication protocols have been proposed. In 2011, Yeh et al. first proposed a user authentication protocol based on elliptic curve cryptography (ECC) for WSNs. However, it turned out that Yeh et al.'s protocol does not provide mutual authentication, perfect forward secrecy, and key agreement between the user and sensor. Later in 2013, Shi et al. proposed a new user authentication protocol that improves both security and efficiency of Yeh et al.'s protocol. However, Shi et al.'s improvement introduces other security weaknesses. In this paper, we show that Shi et al.'s improved protocol is vulnerable to session key attack, stolen smart card attack, and sensor energy exhausting attack. In addition, we propose a new, security-enhanced user authentication protocol using ECC for WSNs.

  14. Koopia originaali ja camp'i vahel / Harry Liivrand

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Liivrand, Harry, 1961-

    2001-01-01

    Brasiilia-ameerika fotograafi Vik Muniz'e (s. 1961 Brasiilias, elab USA-s) fotonäitus "Virtuoos, kellest sai fotograaf" Amsterdamis Huis Marseille's. Fotograaf reprodutseerib toiduainete, majapidamistarvete ja prahiga koopiaid kunstiteostest, mille hiljem pildistab

  15. Economics | Page 26 | IDRC - International Development Research ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Les petites entreprises de pêche emploient aujourd'hui 50 des 51 millions ... Let us use these ideas to ensure that our reconstruction and development go ... Do regulations benefit the environment, and how do they affect industrial innovation?

  16. Virginia koolimõrvar oli tähelepandamatu / Neeme Raud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raud, Neeme, 1969-

    2007-01-01

    USA ajaloo ohvriterohkeima koolimõrva korraldas 23-aastane lõunakorealane Cho Seung-Hui, kes õppis Virginia tehnikaülikoolis. Lisad: Ohvriterohked koolitulistamised. Virginia tehnikaülikooli linnak

  17. The investigation of STEM Self-Efficacy and Professional ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Yi-hui Liu. Chung Hsiao Elementary School, Pingtung County, Taiwan ... STEM project-based learning, using social learning theory (SLT) and SCCT as the ..... platform can include media reports and videos about female engineer role models;.

  18. Pilk video homsesse päeva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Digivideo kipub uputama kogu internetti. Carnegie Melloni ülikooli IT-teadlase Hui Zhangi arvates võiksid päästerõngaks osutuda partnervõrgud. Artikkel üldpealkirja all: 10 tulevikutehnoloogiat 2007

  19. Thalassemia intermedia: An overview

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Rabah M. Shawky

    2012-04-25

    Apr 25, 2012 ... abnormalities occur due to massive expansion of erythroid bone marrow activity ..... [3] Savage D, Wood NAP, Bidwell JL, Fitches A, Old JM, Hui KM. Detection of b-thalassemia mutations using DNA heteroduplex generator ...

  20. Rembrandt Goethe kogust

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    Rembrandti majamuuseum Amsterdamis Rembrandt-Huis tähistab Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 250. sünniaastapäeva 18. juulini avatud 17. sajandi hollandi graafika väljapanekuga "Goethe ja Rembrandt. Joonistused Weimarist"

  1. Standard error of measurement of 5 health utility indexes across the range of health for use in estimating reliability and responsiveness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palta, Mari; Chen, Han-Yang; Kaplan, Robert M; Feeny, David; Cherepanov, Dasha; Fryback, Dennis G

    2011-01-01

    Standard errors of measurement (SEMs) of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) indexes are not well characterized. SEM is needed to estimate responsiveness statistics, and is a component of reliability. To estimate the SEM of 5 HRQoL indexes. The National Health Measurement Study (NHMS) was a population-based survey. The Clinical Outcomes and Measurement of Health Study (COMHS) provided repeated measures. A total of 3844 randomly selected adults from the noninstitutionalized population aged 35 to 89 y in the contiguous United States and 265 cataract patients. The SF6-36v2™, QWB-SA, EQ-5D, HUI2, and HUI3 were included. An item-response theory approach captured joint variation in indexes into a composite construct of health (theta). The authors estimated 1) the test-retest standard deviation (SEM-TR) from COMHS, 2) the structural standard deviation (SEM-S) around theta from NHMS, and 3) reliability coefficients. SEM-TR was 0.068 (SF-6D), 0.087 (QWB-SA), 0.093 (EQ-5D), 0.100 (HUI2), and 0.134 (HUI3), whereas SEM-S was 0.071, 0.094, 0.084, 0.074, and 0.117, respectively. These yield reliability coefficients 0.66 (COMHS) and 0.71 (NHMS) for SF-6D, 0.59 and 0.64 for QWB-SA, 0.61 and 0.70 for EQ-5D, 0.64 and 0.80 for HUI2, and 0.75 and 0.77 for HUI3, respectively. The SEM varied across levels of health, especially for HUI2, HUI3, and EQ-5D, and was influenced by ceiling effects. Limitations. Repeated measures were 5 mo apart, and estimated theta contained measurement error. The 2 types of SEM are similar and substantial for all the indexes and vary across health.

  2. Submicron Structures and Various Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-06-01

    Submitted by Professor Jonathan Allen Professor Daniel Kleppner !1! Research Laboratory of Electronics Massachusetts Institute of Technology Cambridge, MA...Alberto Moel, Joyce E. Palmer, Samuel L. Park, Hui Meng Quek , John H.F. Scott-Thomas, Ghavam Shahidi, Siang-Chun The, Anthony Yen Undergraduate...substrates; and Kathleen Early, Reza A. Ghanbari, Yao-Ching Ku, periodic structures for x-ray optics, spectros- Alberto Moel, Hui Meng Quek , Dr. Mark L

  3. Imaging-based evaluation of liver function: comparison of {sup 99m}Tc-mebrofenin hepatobiliary scintigraphy and Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Geisel, Dominik; Gebauer, Bernhard [Charite Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Berlin (Germany); Luedemann, Lutz [Essen University Hospital, Department of Medical Physics, Essen (Germany); Froeling, Vera; Denecke, Timm [Charite Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Berlin (Germany); Charite Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Berlin (Germany); Malinowski, Maciej; Stockmann, Martin; Baron, Annekathrin; Seehofer, Daniel [Charite Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Department of General, Visceral and Thoracic Surgery, Berlin (Germany); Prasad, Vikas [Charite Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Berlin (Germany)

    2015-05-01

    To compare Gd-EOB-enhanced MRI and {sup 99m}Tc-mebrofenin hepatobiliary scintigraphy (HBS) as imaging-based liver function tests for separate evaluation of right (RLL) and left liver lobe (LLL) function. Fourteen patients underwent Gd-EOB-enhanced MRI and {sup 99m}Tc-mebrofenin HBS after portal vein embolization within 24 h. Relative enhancement (RE) and hepatic uptake index (HUI) were determined from MRI; and T{sub max}, T{sub 1/2} and mebrofenin uptake were determined from HBS, all values separately for RLL and LLL. Mebrofenin uptake correlated significantly with HUI and RE for both liver lobes. There was strong correlation of mebrofenin uptake with HUI for RLL (r{sup 2} = 0.802, p = 0.001) and RE for LLL (r{sup 2} = 0.704, p = 0.005) and moderate correlation with HUI for LLL (r{sup 2} = 0.560, p = 0.037) and RE for RLL (r{sup 2} = 0.620, p = 0.018). Correlating the percentage share of RLL function derived from MRI (with HUI) with the percentage of RLL function derived from mebrofenin uptake revealed a strong correlation (r{sup 2} = 0.775, p = 0.002). Both RE and HUI correlate with mebrofenin uptake in HBS. The results suggest that Gd-EOB-enhanced MRI and {sup 99m}Tc-mebrofenin HBS may equally be used to separately determine right and left liver lobe function. (orig.)

  4. Immunosuppressive Mesenchymal Stromal Cells Derived from Human-Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells Induce Human Regulatory T Cells In Vitro and In Vivo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roux, Clémence; Saviane, Gaëlle; Pini, Jonathan; Belaïd, Nourhène; Dhib, Gihen; Voha, Christine; Ibáñez, Lidia; Boutin, Antoine; Mazure, Nathalie M; Wakkach, Abdelilah; Blin-Wakkach, Claudine; Rouleau, Matthieu

    2017-01-01

    Despite mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are considered as a promising source of cells to modulate immune functions on cells from innate and adaptive immune systems, their clinical use remains restricted (few number, limited in vitro expansion, absence of a full phenotypic characterization, few insights on their in vivo fate). Standardized MSCs derived in vitro from human-induced pluripotent stem (huIPS) cells, remediating part of these issues, are considered as well as a valuable tool for therapeutic approaches, but their functions remained to be fully characterized. We generated multipotent MSCs derived from huiPS cells (huiPS-MSCs), and focusing on their immunosuppressive activity, we showed that human T-cell activation in coculture with huiPS-MSCs was significantly reduced. We also observed the generation of functional CD4 + FoxP3 + regulatory T (Treg) cells. Further tested in vivo in a model of human T-cell expansion in immune-deficient NSG mice, huiPS-MSCs immunosuppressive activity prevented the circulation and the accumulation of activated human T cells. Intracytoplasmic labeling of cytokines produced by the recovered T cells showed reduced percentages of human-differentiated T cells producing Th1 inflammatory cytokines. By contrast, T cells producing IL-10 and FoxP3 + -Treg cells, absent in non-treated animals, were detected in huiPS-MSCs treated mice. For the first time, these results highlight the immunosuppressive activity of the huiPS-MSCs on human T-cell stimulation with a concomitant generation of human Treg cells in vivo . They may favor the development of new tools and strategies based on the use of huiPS cells and their derivatives for the induction of immune tolerance.

  5. Immunosuppressive Mesenchymal Stromal Cells Derived from Human-Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells Induce Human Regulatory T Cells In Vitro and In Vivo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clémence Roux

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Despite mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs are considered as a promising source of cells to modulate immune functions on cells from innate and adaptive immune systems, their clinical use remains restricted (few number, limited in vitro expansion, absence of a full phenotypic characterization, few insights on their in vivo fate. Standardized MSCs derived in vitro from human-induced pluripotent stem (huIPS cells, remediating part of these issues, are considered as well as a valuable tool for therapeutic approaches, but their functions remained to be fully characterized. We generated multipotent MSCs derived from huiPS cells (huiPS-MSCs, and focusing on their immunosuppressive activity, we showed that human T-cell activation in coculture with huiPS-MSCs was significantly reduced. We also observed the generation of functional CD4+ FoxP3+ regulatory T (Treg cells. Further tested in vivo in a model of human T-cell expansion in immune-deficient NSG mice, huiPS-MSCs immunosuppressive activity prevented the circulation and the accumulation of activated human T cells. Intracytoplasmic labeling of cytokines produced by the recovered T cells showed reduced percentages of human-differentiated T cells producing Th1 inflammatory cytokines. By contrast, T cells producing IL-10 and FoxP3+-Treg cells, absent in non-treated animals, were detected in huiPS-MSCs treated mice. For the first time, these results highlight the immunosuppressive activity of the huiPS-MSCs on human T-cell stimulation with a concomitant generation of human Treg cells in vivo. They may favor the development of new tools and strategies based on the use of huiPS cells and their derivatives for the induction of immune tolerance.

  6. Virtual reality simulation for the optimization of endovascular procedures: current perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rudarakanchana N

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Nung Rudarakanchana,1 Isabelle Van Herzeele,2 Liesbeth Desender,2 Nicholas JW Cheshire1 1Department of Surgery, Imperial College London, London, UK; 2Department of Thoracic and Vascular Surgery, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, BelgiumOn behalf of EVEREST (European Virtual reality Endovascular RESearch TeamAbstract: Endovascular technologies are rapidly evolving, often requiring coordination and cooperation between clinicians and technicians from diverse specialties. These multidisciplinary interactions lead to challenges that are reflected in the high rate of errors occurring during endovascular procedures. Endovascular virtual reality (VR simulation has evolved from simple benchtop devices to full physic simulators with advanced haptics and dynamic imaging and physiological controls. The latest developments in this field include the use of fully immersive simulated hybrid angiosuites to train whole endovascular teams in crisis resource management and novel technologies that enable practitioners to build VR simulations based on patient-specific anatomy. As our understanding of the skills, both technical and nontechnical, required for optimal endovascular performance improves, the requisite tools for objective assessment of these skills are being developed and will further enable the use of VR simulation in the training and assessment of endovascular interventionalists and their entire teams. Simulation training that allows deliberate practice without danger to patients may be key to bridging the gap between new endovascular technology and improved patient outcomes.Keywords: virtual reality, simulation, endovascular, aneurysm

  7. A parent-child dyad approach to the assessment of health status and health-related quality of life in children with asthma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ungar, Wendy J; Boydell, Katherine; Dell, Sharon; Feldman, Brian M; Marshall, Deborah; Willan, Andrew; Wright, James G

    2012-08-01

    Assessment of health state and health-related quality of life (HR-QOL) are limited by a child's age and cognitive ability. Parent-proxy reports are known to differ from children's reports. Simultaneous assessment using a parent-child dyad is an alternative approach. Our objective was to assess the validity, reliability and responsiveness of a parent-child dyad approach to utility and HR-QOL assessment of paediatric asthma health states. The setting was specialist care in a hospital-based asthma clinic. Participants were 91 girls and boys with asthma aged 8 to 17 years and 91 parents. The intervention employed was parent-child dyad administration of the Health Utilities Index (HUI) 2 and 3, the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory™ (PedsQL™) Core and Asthma modules, and the Pediatric Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (PAQLQ). Questionnaires were administered by interview to children and parents separately and then together as a dyad to assess the child's health state. The dyad interview was repeated at the next clinic visit. Dyad-child agreement was measured by intra-class correlation (ICC) coefficient; Spearman correlations were used to assess convergent validity. Test-retest reliability was assessed in 28 children who remained clinically stable between visits with a two-way ICC coefficient. Responsiveness to change from baseline was assessed with Spearman coefficients in 30 children who demonstrated clinical change between visits. There was no significant agreement between parent and child for the HUI2 or HUI3 whereas agreement between dyad and child was 0.55 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.36, 0.69) for the HUI2 and 0.74 (95% CI 0.61, 0.82) for the HUI3 overall. With respect to dyad performance characteristics, both HUI2 and HUI3 overall scores demonstrated moderate convergent validity with the generic PedsQL™ Core domains (range r = 0.30-0.52; p  0.4; p < 0.05) was observed for dyad HUI2 total score change over time as correlated with dyad

  8. Cadmium accumulation characteristics of low-cadmium rice (Oryza sativa L.) line and F1 hybrids grown in cadmium-contaminated soils.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Kun; Yu, Haiying; Li, Tingxuan; Chen, Guangdeng; Huang, Fu

    2017-07-01

    Cadmium (Cd) pollution has threatened severely to food safety and human health. A pot experiment and a field experiment were conducted to investigate the difference of Cd accumulation between rice (Oryza sativa L.) lines and F 1 hybrids in Cd-contaminated soils. The adverse effect on biomass of rice lines was greater than that of F 1 hybrids under Cd treatments in the pot experiment. The variations of Cd concentration among rice cultivars in different organs were smaller in stem and leaf, but larger in root and ear. Average proportion of Cd in root of F 1 hybrids was 1.39, 1.39, and 1.16 times higher than those of rice lines at the treatment of 1, 2, and 4 mg Cd kg -1 soil, respectively. Cd concentrations in ear of F 1 hybrids were significantly lower than rice lines with the reduction from 29.24 to 50.59%. Cd concentrations in brown rice of all F 1 hybrids were less than 0.2 mg kg -1 at 1 mg Cd kg -1 soil, in which Lu98A/YaHui2816, 5406A/YaHui2816, and C268A/YaHui2816 could be screened out as cadmium-safe cultivars (CSCs) for being safe even at 2 mg Cd kg -1 soil. C268A/YaHui2816 showed the lowest Cd concentration in root among F 1 hybrids, while Lu98A/YaHui2816 and 5406A/YaHui2816 showed lower capability of Cd translocation from root to shoot under Cd exposure, which eventually caused the lower Cd accumulation in brown rice. The lower level of Cd translocation contributed to reducing the accumulation of Cd in brown rice had been validated by the field experiment. Thus, Lu98A/YaHui2816, 5406A/YaHui2816, and C268A/YaHui2816 could be considered as potential CSCs to cultivate in Cd-contaminated soils (<2 mg Cd kg -1 soil).

  9. AHP 40: Review: CHINA FROM EMPIRE TO NATION-STATE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tristan G Brown

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Michael Gibbs Hill's excellent translation of the introduction to Wang Hui's four-volume opus, The Rise of Modern Chinese Thought 现代中 国思想的兴起 provides a substantial contribution to scholars of China and intellectual historians by bringing another of Wang Hui's critical works into English (for other such examples, see Wang and Huters 2003 and 2011. The task of translating could not have been easy, as Wang Hui frequently cites works from Chinese antiquity and translated texts from abroad, making Hill's results truly exceptional. The translation is accessible and painstakingly executed, with many important phrases explained for non-specialists alongside transliterated key terms. The Rise of Modern Chinese Thought demonstrates the need for translation work in the fields of area studies by making the important works of non-English speakers available to Anglophone audiences. As Zhang Yongle pointed out in his review on the work in toto, "It can safely be said that nothing comparable to Wang Hui's work has appeared in China since the late Qing-early Republican period" (Zhang 2010:71. Wang Hui, while exploring the links between China and its past through the country's rich intellectual traditions, manages to deftly discuss China in global terms and historical contexts. Hill's helpful introduction contextualizes Wang's writing style in the zeitgeist of the post Tiananmen period from 1990 to 2010. ...

  10. Morphological Variation in the Imperfect of hewâ in Onqelos and Jonathan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jerome A. Lund

    2018-06-01

    Full Text Available Two morphological types of the imperfect of the verb hewâ appear in Onqelos and Jonathan, namely yihwê and yehê. While the two types distinguish gender in the plural, they do not do so in the singular. Statistically, the waw type is marginal in the second and third persons singular, but well attested in the first person singular. The use of the waw type in the singular appears to be conditioned by stylistic considerations, being employed to give the impression of solemnity. It is suggested that the waw type reflects the language of the proto-targum from which it was retained.

  11. Handbook of fiber optics theory and applications

    CERN Document Server

    Yeh, Chai

    2013-01-01

    Dr. Yeh supplies a firm theoretical foundation in such topics as propagation of light through fibers, fiber fabrication, loss mechanisms, and dispersion properties. He then expands from this into such practical areas as fiber splicing, measuring loss in fibers, fiber-based communications networks, remote fiber sensors, and integrated optics. Whether involved in fiber optics research, design, or practical implementation of systems, this handbook will be extremely useful.Key Features* Here is a comprehensive, ""one-stop"" reference with state-of-the-art information on fiber optics Included is da

  12. Accelerated Exploration of Multi-principal Element Alloys for Structural Applications (Postprint)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-27

    S. Ranganathan, High Entropy Alloys, Butterworth-Hei- nemann, London, UK, 2014. [6] B. Cantor , I.T.H. Chang, P. Knight, A.J.B. Vincent, Mater. Sci...Kristallogr.-Cryst. Mater. 230 (2015) 55–68. [14] B. Cantor , Entropy 16 (2014) 4749–4768. [15] O.N. Senkov, C. Woodward, D.B. Miracle, JOM. 66 (2014...2014) 1973–1983. [21] F. Otto, Y. Yang, H. Bei, E.P. George , Acta Mater. 61 (2013) 2628–2638. [22] K.Y. Tsai, M.H. Tsai, J.W. Yeh, Acta Mater. 61

  13. A Unifying Framework for the Problem of Adjudicating Conflicting Claims

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hougaard, Jens Leth; Moreno-Ternero, Juan D.; Østerdal, Lars Peter Raahave

    the structure of such a space. In this paper, we generalize their analysis upon presenting and studying a general family of operators inspired by three apparently unrelated approaches to the problem of adjudicating conflicting claims. We study the structural properties of this family and show, in particular......In a recent paper, Thomson and Yeh [Operators for the adjudication of conflicting claims, Journal of Economic Theory 143 (2008) 177-198] introduced the concept of operators on the space of rules for the problem of adjudicating conflicting claims. They focussed on three operators in order to uncover...

  14. Combined Effects of Primary and Tertiary Blast on Rat Brain: Characterization of a Model of Blast-induced Mild Traumatic Brain Injury

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    injury in U.S. military personnel. N Engl J Med 364, 2091–2100 (2011) 27. Lu J, Ng KC , Ling GS, Wu J, Poon JF, Kan EM, Tan MH, Wu YJ, Li P...Moochhala S, Yap E, Lee LK, Teo AL, Yeh IB, Ser- gio DM, Chua F, Kumar SD, Ling EA: Effect of blast exposure on the brain structure and cognition in the...12689448] 32. Henderson D, Bielefeld EC, Harris KC , Hu BH. The role of oxidative stress in noise-induced hearing loss. Ear Hear. 2006;27(1):1–19. [PMID

  15. The Mesosphere and Thermosphere,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-01-01

    and Joule heating (Q = J.E) and has been studied by many authors (see e.g. [40] and references therein). Testud [41] found that the efficiency of...K/day, respectively. Testud and Vasseur [611 observed a T.I.D. following a magnetic storm and noted that the ion temperature at the 300 km level rose... Testud [62] and Yeh [30] have estimated that heating rates of the order of 10 - 0 watts/m 3 (10 - 9 ergs/cm 3 sec) occur at F-region heights due

  16. A comparison of the relationships between psychosocial factors, occupational strain, and work ability among 4 ethnic teacher groups in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lian, Yulong; Xiao, Jing; Zhang, Chen; Guan, Suzhen; Li, Fuye; Ge, Hua; Liu, Jiwen

    2016-01-01

    The present study compared the level of occupational strain and work ability among Han, Hui, Uygur, Hui, and Kazakh teachers, and explored ethnic differences based on the associations of psychosocial factors at work, occupational strain, and work ability. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 2,941 teachers in primary and secondary schools in Xinjiang Province, China. Psychosocial factors, occupational strain, and work ability were measured using the Occupation Stress Inventory-Revised Edition (OSI-R) and Work Ability Index. Han and Hui teachers experienced reduced work ability compared with Uygur and Kazakh teachers, and this finding was caused, in part, by exposure to psychosocial factors at work. The vocational and psychological strains caused by these factors play an important role in reduced work ability among all ethnic teacher groups. The findings indicate the importance of taking action to reduce occupational strain for promoting teachers' work ability in multiethnic workplaces.

  17. Adaptação, estabilidade e potencial produtivo de genótipos de Triticum durum L., irrigados por aspersão, no Estado de São Paulo Adaptability, stability and yield potential of Triticum durum L. genotypes under sprinkler irrigation in the State of São Paulo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Carlos Felicio

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Avaliaram-se 17 linhagens e duas cultivares de Triticum durum L. tendo como testemunha a cultivar IAC 24 de T. aestivum L., em experimentos semeados em condições de irrigação por aspersão nas localidades de Votuporanga, Ribeirão Preto e Mococa, no período de 1998 a 2002, no Estado de São Paulo. Foram determinados os rendimentos de grãos e o comportamento de cada genótipo diante das variações ambientais. Análises de adaptação e estabilidade permitiram a identificação de genótipos com comportamento previsível a essas condições ambientais. Foram observados efeitos significativos para anos, locais e genótipos, destacando-se na média dos três locais quanto ao rendimento de grãos a linhagem de T. durum L. 11 (MEMOS"S"/YAV79/3/ SAPI"S"/TEAL"S"// HUI"S". O melhor rendimento de grãos foi observado em Ribeirão Preto e o pior em Votuporanga. Observou-se nas linhagens 9 e 11 (MEMOS"S"/YAV79/3/SAPI"S"/TEAL"S"//HUI"S, 12 e 19 (GYS"S"/3/ STN"S"// HUI"S"/SOMOS"S" e 3 (STN"S"/3/TEZ"S"/YAV79// HUI"S" adaptabilidade específica, portanto, responsivas ao emprego de alta tecnologia. A incidência da ferrugem-da- folha somente foi constatada na cultivar IAC 24 da espécie de T. aestivum.In order to evaluate Triticum durum L. genotypes having as control the T. aestivum L. cultivar IAC, 24 experiments were carried out, under sprinkler irrigation, at Votuporanga, Ribeirão Preto and Mococa locations, in the period 1998 to 2002, in the State of São Paulo. Grain yield and performance of each genotype in relation to the environment variation were evaluated. Adaptability and stability analysis were made identify genotypes with predictable performance in these environment conditions. Significant effects were observed for years, locations and genotypes. Considering the three locations, Triticum durum inbred line 11 (MEMOS"S"/YAV79/3/ SAPI"S"/TEAL"S"// HUI"S" presented the highest yield. The highest grain yields were observed in Ribeirão Preto and

  18. L'évolution des valeurs de soin humain : une analyse dialectique de la proposition d'humanisation de Watson à la lumière d'une perspective nietzschéenne

    OpenAIRE

    Krol, Pawel

    2014-01-01

    La pratique du soin infirmier d’aujourd’hui hérite d’une longue et complexe évolution de valeurs. Outre les valeurs traditionnellement humaines de soigner, la pratique infirmière d’aujourd’hui intègre aussi des valeurs qui façonnent notre monde moderne. Ainsi, nous retraçons d’abord l’évolution de quelques-unes des valeurs traditionnelles rattachées au soin humain conservées dans les pratiques infirmières. Puis, nous montrons que certaines valeurs traditionnelles de soin humain sont progressi...

  19. Ageing Mechanisms and Control. Specialists’ Meeting on Life Management Techniques for Ageing Air Vehicles (Les mecanismes vieillissants et le controle) (Reunions des specialistes des techniques de gestion du cycle de vie pour vehicules aeriens vieillissants)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-02-01

    Synthèse Aujourd’hui, les chefs militaires de l’ensemble des pays membres de l’OTAN constatent que leurs flottes d’aéronefs sont maintenues en exploitation...problems and, where possible, the investment required for attaining the needed capability. Thème Aujourd’hui, les chefs militaires de l’ensemble des pays...25.13091 identifies risk requirements and its companion Advisory Circular (AC 25.1309) interprets those requirements as the familiar 10-9 probability

  20. Standard error of measurement of five health utility indexes across the range of health for use in estimating reliability and responsiveness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palta, Mari; Chen, Han-Yang; Kaplan, Robert M.; Feeny, David; Cherepanov, Dasha; Fryback, Dennis

    2011-01-01

    Background Standard errors of measurement (SEMs) of health related quality of life (HRQoL) indexes are not well characterized. SEM is needed to estimate responsiveness statistics and provides guidance on using indexes on the individual and group level. SEM is also a component of reliability. Purpose To estimate SEM of five HRQoL indexes. Design The National Health Measurement Study (NHMS) was a population based telephone survey. The Clinical Outcomes and Measurement of Health Study (COMHS) provided repeated measures 1 and 6 months post cataract surgery. Subjects 3844 randomly selected adults from the non-institutionalized population 35 to 89 years old in the contiguous United States and 265 cataract patients. Measurements The SF6-36v2™, QWB-SA, EQ-5D, HUI2 and HUI3 were included. An item-response theory (IRT) approach captured joint variation in indexes into a composite construct of health (theta). We estimated: (1) the test-retest standard deviation (SEM-TR) from COMHS, (2) the structural standard deviation (SEM-S) around the composite construct from NHMS and (3) corresponding reliability coefficients. Results SEM-TR was 0.068 (SF-6D), 0.087 (QWB-SA), 0.093 (EQ-5D), 0.100 (HUI2) and 0.134 (HUI3), while SEM-S was 0.071, 0.094, 0.084, 0.074 and 0.117, respectively. These translate into reliability coefficients for SF-6D: 0.66 (COMHS) and 0.71 (NHMS), for QWB: 0.59 and 0.64, for EQ-5D: 0.61 and 0.70 for HUI2: 0.64 and 0.80, and for HUI3: 0.75 and 0.77, respectively. The SEM varied considerably across levels of health, especially for HUI2, HUI3 and EQ-5D, and was strongly influenced by ceiling effects. Limitations Repeated measures were five months apart and estimated theta contain measurement error. Conclusions The two types of SEM are similar and substantial for all the indexes, and vary across the range of health. PMID:20935280

  1. Do generic utility measures capture what is important to the quality of life of people with multiple sclerosis?

    OpenAIRE

    Kuspinar, Ayse; Mayo, Nancy E

    2013-01-01

    Purpose The three most widely used utility measures are the Health Utilities Index Mark 2 and 3 (HUI2 and HUI3), the EuroQol-5D (EQ-5D) and the Short-Form-6D (SF-6D). In line with guidelines for economic evaluation from agencies such as the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) and the Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health (CADTH), these measures are currently being used to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of different interventions in MS. However, the cha...

  2. Vers une tarification plate dans le Rhône. Enjeux, limites et perspectives de la restructuration tarifaire sur les lignes régulières départementales

    OpenAIRE

    Peggy Durand

    2007-01-01

    Les questions de mobilité au sein des grands bassins de vie et entre les aires urbaines occupent aujourd'hui une place majeure dans les réflexions politiques, notamment à l'échelle départementale. La loi d'Orientation sur les Transports Intérieurs (LOTI) de 1982 a confirmé la compétence des Départements dans la planification et l'organisation des transports collectifs non-urbains de personnes (Art 29). Autorités organisatrices, ils ont aujourd'hui la charge de définir l'offre et les dispositi...

  3. Pataphysique de la menace.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolas Tavaglione

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Alors qu’on la croyait morte il y a à peine vingt ans, la gauche radicale forme pourtant aujourd’hui une galaxie vive et bouillonnante. « De l’extrême-gauche classique à l’altermondialisation », comme l’écrit Philippe Raynaud, la scène politique française fourmille aujourd’hui d’acteurs nourrissant « l’ambition de définir une “autre politique” en rupture avec le consensus libéral ou avec les formes actuelles de la mondialisation » (Raynaud, 2006 ...

  4. Formation and mobilization of neutral lipids in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wagner, A; Daum, G

    2005-11-01

    Since energy storage is a basic metabolic process, the synthesis of neutral lipids occurs in all kingdoms of life. The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, widely accepted as a model eukaryotic cell, contains two classes of neutral lipids, namely STEs (steryl esters) and TAGs (triacylglycerols). TAGs are synthesized through two pathways governed by the acyl-CoA diacylglycerol acyltransferase Dga1p and the phospholipid diacylglycerol acyltransferase Lro1p. STEs are formed by two STE synthases Are1p and Are2p, two enzymes with overlapping function, which also catalyse TAG formation, although to a minor extent. Neutral lipids are stored in the so-called lipid particles and can be utilized for membrane formation under conditions of lipid depletion. For this purpose, storage lipids have to be mobilized by TAG lipases and STE hydrolases. A TAG lipase named Tgl3p was identified as a major yeast TAG hydrolytic enzyme in lipid particles. Recently, a new family of hydrolases was detected which is required for STE mobilization in S. cerevisiae. These enzymes, named Yeh1p, Yeh2p and Tgl1p, are paralogues of the mammalian acid lipase family. The role of these proteins in biosynthesis and mobilization of TAG and STE, and the regulation of these processes will be discussed in this minireview.

  5. Comparisons of Particle Tracking Techniques and Galerkin Finite Element Methods in Flow Simulations on Watershed Scales

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shih, D.; Yeh, G.

    2009-12-01

    This paper applies two numerical approximations, the particle tracking technique and Galerkin finite element method, to solve the diffusive wave equation in both one-dimensional and two-dimensional flow simulations. The finite element method is one of most commonly approaches in numerical problems. It can obtain accurate solutions, but calculation times may be rather extensive. The particle tracking technique, using either single-velocity or average-velocity tracks to efficiently perform advective transport, could use larger time-step sizes than the finite element method to significantly save computational time. Comparisons of the alternative approximations are examined in this poster. We adapt the model WASH123D to examine the work. WASH123D is an integrated multimedia, multi-processes, physics-based computational model suitable for various spatial-temporal scales, was first developed by Yeh et al., at 1998. The model has evolved in design capability and flexibility, and has been used for model calibrations and validations over the course of many years. In order to deliver a locally hydrological model in Taiwan, the Taiwan Typhoon and Flood Research Institute (TTFRI) is working with Prof. Yeh to develop next version of WASH123D. So, the work of our preliminary cooperationx is also sketched in this poster.

  6. Mobilization of steryl esters from lipid particles of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wagner, Andrea; Grillitsch, Karlheinz; Leitner, Erich; Daum, Günther

    2009-02-01

    In the yeast as in other eukaryotes, formation and hydrolysis of steryl esters (SE) are processes linked to lipid storage. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the three SE hydrolases Tgl1p, Yeh1p and Yeh2p contribute to SE mobilization from their site of storage, the lipid particles/droplets. Here, we provide evidence for enzymatic and cellular properties of these three hydrolytic enzymes. Using the respective single, double and triple deletion mutants and strains overexpressing the three enzymes, we demonstrate that each SE hydrolase exhibits certain substrate specificity. Interestingly, disturbance in SE mobilization also affects sterol biosynthesis in a type of feedback regulation. Sterol intermediates stored in SE and set free by SE hydrolases are recycled to the sterol biosynthetic pathway and converted to the final product, ergosterol. This recycling implies that the vast majority of sterol precursors are transported from lipid particles to the endoplasmic reticulum, where sterol biosynthesis is completed. Ergosterol formed through this route is then supplied to its subcellular destinations, especially the plasma membrane. Only a minor amount of sterol precursors are randomly distributed within the cell after cleavage from SE. Conclusively, SE storage and mobilization although being dispensable for yeast viability contribute markedly to sterol homeostasis and distribution.

  7. Comparative analysis of LytS/LytTR-type histidine kinase/response regulator systems in γ-proteobacteria.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefan Behr

    Full Text Available Bacterial histidine kinase/response regulator systems operate at the interface between environmental cues and physiological states. Escherichia coli contains two LytS/LytTR-type histidine kinase/response regulator systems, BtsS/BtsR (formerly YehU/YehT and YpdA/YpdB, which have been identified as pyruvate-responsive two-component systems. Since they exhibit remarkable similarity, we analyzed their phylogenetic distribution within the γ-proteobacteria, and experimentally characterized them in a set of representative species. We found that BtsS/BtsR is the predominant LytS/LytTR-type two-component system among γ-proteobacteria, whereas YpdA/YpdB primarily appears in a supplementary role. Based on our observations in E. coli, we used the highly conserved DNA-binding motifs to test the in vivo functionality of both systems in various genera, including Salmonella, Enterobacter, Citrobacter, Xenorhabdus, Yersinia, Aeromonas and Vibrio. The results suggest that, in all cases tested, BtsS/BtsR and YpdA/YpdB respond to different levels of pyruvate in the environment.

  8. Root layering in a tropical forest after logging (Central Vietnam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zdeněk Čermák

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Indigenous stands of tropical rain forests in the region of Kon Ha Nung are one of the most preserved forests in the whole Vietnam. Despite the logging activities mainly in the 1970’s, it was possible to preserve intact forests free from any primary harvesting. In the past, other stands were influenced by the logging to various extent. Some of those stands are managed presently; others were left to natural development. This paper deals with the influence of harvesting activities on the root system in forest stands. In primary stands and in stands with known harvest intensity, samples of root systems were collected. The total weight of dry basis and mainly their layering within the soil profile were assessed. The collected roots were divided into three classes: class I – ≤ 1.0 mm, class II 1.1–5.0 mm, class III – over 5.0 mm in the diameter. In the monitored plots, the total weight of dry basis of fine roots to 1.0 mm ranged from 2.34–3.24 t∙ha−1. The weight of dry basis of roots from 1.0–5.0 mm ranged from 6.57–9.69 t∙ha−1. The majority of roots of class I is presented in the top 10.0 cm of the soil and their share drops with the increasing depth. The roots of class II are distributed more equally. It was impossible to prove the influence of the logging on the root system.

  9. CANNABIS MEDICINAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfredo Jácome Roca

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Los estupefacientes han estado presentes en la historia de la medicina desde la antigüedad. La materia médica china (Pen-ts’ao-Ching atribuida al emperador rojo Shen-nung, incluye a la Cannabis indica para reducir el dolor del reumatismo y por sus beneficios en desórdenes digestivos. El láudano (tintura alcohólica de opio, la esponja anestésica (mandrágora con opio, o la teriaca (polifármaco que contenía opio fueron pilar de la lucha contra el dolor y otros males. El opio proviene del jugo de la corteza verde de la adormidera –variedad de amapola- o Papaver somniferum y ha sido reemplazado como potente analgésico de acción central por su alcaloide morfina o por análogos como la meperidina (1. Desde sus orígenes, el ser humano ha buscado alivio en diversas plantas medicinales, la analgesia, la sedación pero también la euforia. El efecto pasajero y la taquifilaxia generada por el uso continuo impulsan un aumento en la frecuencia y en la cantidad de las dosis, perdiéndose sus beneficios y aumentando su toxicidad. En estos casos, disminuye el número y la sensibilidad de los diferentes receptores, fenómeno conocido como down-regulation. Al ser adictivos, el manejo de estos narcóticos debe ser estrictamente médico y fuertemente regulado, cosa de la que se han librado el alcohol y el tabaco. La prohibición del licor solo llevó al enriquecimiento de los contrabandistas. Hay alucinógenos menos villanos como los obtenidos de la Cannabis sativa, aunque no son demasiado benignos.

  10. North Korean Leadership Dynamics and Decision-making under Kim Jong-un: A Second Year Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-03-01

    Kim Kyong-hui was critically ill. Kim has a reported history of alcoholism and depression , which was exacerbated in the mid-2000s with her mari- tal...problems and the death of her daughter, Jang Kum-song, who com- mitted suicide in 2006. Some reports claim that she is also suffering from... teens , were

  11. Comparing rat and rabbit embryo-fetal developmental toxicity data for 379 pharmaceuticals: on systemic dose and developmental effects

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Peter T. Theunissen; Bruce Beyer; Sonia Beken

    2016-01-01

    And co-authors William J. Breslin, Gregg D. Cappon, Connie L. Chen, Gary Chmielewski, Luc de Schaepdrijver, Brian Enright, Jennifer E. Foreman, Wafa Harrouk, Kok-Wah Hew, Alan M. Hoberman, Julia Y. Hui, Thomas B. Knudsen, Susan B. Laffan, Susan L. Makris, Matthew Martin, Mary Ellen McNerney,

  12. 读书(英文)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    1 A Kaleidoscope of Chinese Culture《中华文化趣谈》Compiler:Zhang Yajun(Translated by Guo Hui) Publisher:Sinolingua Press This book introduces the important aspects of traditional Chinese culture,in 14 topics,including Chinese characters,numbers,animals, plants,colors,food,festivals,names and cross-cultural communication.

  13. Evaluation of effectiveness in a novel wound healing ointment ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Evaluation of effectiveness in a novel wound healing ointment-crocodile oil burn ointment. Hua-Liang Li, Yi-Tao Deng, Zi-Ran Zhang, Qi-Rui Fu, Ya-Hui Zheng, Xing-Mei Cao, Jing Nie, Li-Wen Fu, Li-Ping Chen, You-Xiong Xiong, Dong-Yan Shen, Qing-Xi Chen ...

  14. Multiple proteins of White spot syndrome virus involved in ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. Jing-Yan Zhang1 2 Qing-Hui Liu1 Jie Huang1. Yellow Sea Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Qingdao, 266071, P. R. China; Shanghai Ocean University, 999 Hucheng Ring Road, Pudong, Shanghai, China ...

  15. Biisofraxidin on Apoptosis of Human Gastric Cancer BGC-823 Cells

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Wu et al. Trop J Pharm Res, October 2015; 14(10): 1803. Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research ... Jian-Tao Wu1,2*, She-Min Lv1, Chun-Hui Lu1, Jun Gong1 and Jian-Bo An3 ..... Zhu AK, Zhou H, Xia JZ, Jin HC, Wang K, Yan J, Zuo JB,.

  16. Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research - Vol 15, No 3 (2016)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Wan Wu, Wei Chen, Qiong Jin, 447-451 ... Chung-Shih Chen, Mei-Lin Wang, Rosa Huang Liu, Shih-Pin Chen, Tsong-Ming Lu, Wei-Yu Tsai, Chien-Fu Huang, ... Yan-Qiong Li, Rui Hu, Li-Hui Zhong, Qian Sun, You-Ping Yan, 527-533.

  17. Turkse en Marokkaanse Nederlanders thuis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dibbits, H.; Horst, van der H.M.

    2007-01-01

    Veel Nederlanders hebben misschien een Turkse waterpijp of Marokkaanse theeglaasjes in huis, maar de meeste mensen hebben er geen idee van hoe het er bij Turkse en Marokkaanse Nederlanders thuis uitziet. Dit boek brengt hier verandering in. In twee rijk geïllustreerde en toegankelijk geschreven

  18. Journal of Chemical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Synthesis and bio-catalytic activity of isostructural cobalt(III)-phenanthroline complexes. Dhananjay Dey Arnab Basu Roy Anandan Ranjani Loganathan Gayathri Saravanan Chandraleka Dharumadurai Dhanasekaran Mohammad Abdulkader Akbarsha Chung-Yu Shen Hui-Lien Tsai Milan Maji Niranjan Kole Bhaskar ...

  19. Flore vasculaire rare et endemique de la peninsule de l'Edough ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    sous le nom de« biodiversity hotspots» [2]. La flore du bassin mediterraneen est aujourd'hui tres serieusement menacee, en raison de la forte regression des milieux naturels sous l' action de l 'homme, mais aussi parce que cette region serait l'une des plus exposees aux changements climatiques globaux [3-5]. Cette flore ...

  20. N HERSIENING VAN DIE AFRIKAANSE VERTALING VAN DIE ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    aangetoon het, 'n huis in Kapernaum gehad en hierdie geskiedenis speel in Kapernaum of daar digby af. Jesus en sy dissipele het namelik, volgens 6:35 geland by Gennesaret, net suid van Kapernaum Die gevolgtrekking word ondersteun deur Joh. 6:17 waarvolgens die dissi pele na die spysiging op Kapernaum gevaar ...

  1. Bulletin of Materials Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Haiyang Dai1 Changyong Zhan2 Hui Jiang2 Ningkang Huang2. Department of Technology and Physics, Zhengzhou University of Light Industry, Zhengzhou 450002, P. R. China; Key Laboratory of Radiation and Technology of Education Ministry of China, Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology, Sichuan University, ...

  2. High utility-itemset mining and privacy-preserving utility mining

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jerry Chun-Wei Lin

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available In recent decades, high-utility itemset mining (HUIM has emerging a critical research topic since the quantity and profit factors are both concerned to mine the high-utility itemsets (HUIs. Generally, data mining is commonly used to discover interesting and useful knowledge from massive data. It may, however, lead to privacy threats if private or secure information (e.g., HUIs are published in the public place or misused. In this paper, we focus on the issues of HUIM and privacy-preserving utility mining (PPUM, and present two evolutionary algorithms to respectively mine HUIs and hide the sensitive high-utility itemsets in PPUM. Extensive experiments showed that the two proposed models for the applications of HUIM and PPUM can not only generate the high quality profitable itemsets according to the user-specified minimum utility threshold, but also enable the capability of privacy preserving for private or secure information (e.g., HUIs in real-word applications.

  3. In Pursuit of Islamic "Authenticity": Localizing Muslim Identity on China's Peripheries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lesley Turnbull

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available In this ethnographic sketch, I analyze the complex processes of Sino-Islamic identity formation by examining the variety and diversity of locally produced “authenticity,” situated within a global understanding of Islam. Even within a single province, among a single official minzu (nationality that People’s Republic of China propaganda, media, and scholarship often construct as a unified, static group, localized practices and processes of identity formation are remarkably diverse. This article investigates how trans/national discourses and practices of Islamic authenticity are localized within two specific field sites: the provincial capital of Kunming and the rural Muslim enclave of Shadian. For the purposes of this article, I focus primarily on how life is temporally and spatially structured, both in everyday practice and in imaginings of one’s place in history, modernity, the Muslim world, and the Chinese state. By setting out details of the daily lives of two Hui Muslim women, I aim to elucidate how temporal and spatial structures of life, which are tied to urban or rural location, reflect and shape local identity formation. I argue that as actors involved in their own self-production, Hui Muslims in Kunming and Shadian negotiated, appropriated, and contested both monolithic notions of Islam and the official state-propagated minzu classificatory system, producing their own versions of authentic Hui Muslim identities. What constituted authentic Hui Muslim identity depended to a great extent on the residence of the individual.

  4. Het Boschstraatkwartier-Oost circa 1900: wonen en werken onder de rook van Sphinx

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Drs. Thijs van Vugt

    2006-01-01

    De italiaanse historicus Gribaudi heeft enkele generaties arbeiders in Turijn in de eerste helft van de twintigste eeuw onderzocht. Hij analyseert onder andere de herkomst (terug tot het platteland) en verdere ontwikkeling van 48 families die in 1936 een huis bewonen in de arbeidersbuurt Madonna de

  5. A Home of Their Own

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.H. Kwekkeboom; A.H. de Boer; C. van Campen; A. Dorrestein

    2006-01-01

    Original title: Een eigen huis... Not all people with a learning disability or long-term psychiatric problems live in an institution hidden away deep in the woods. Increasingly, they live in an ordinary house in an ordinary neighbourhood and lead an independent existence. The idea is that this

  6. Online in opkomst: eten kopen in de winkel wordt een keuze

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Haaster-de Winter, van M.A.

    2015-01-01

    Consumenten hoeven hun huis niet meer uit. Binnen een paar muisklikken zijn de boodschappen besteld. Dat kan relatief gemakkelijk. De online infrastructuur in Nederland is goed; de internetpenetratie is één van de hoogste binnen Europa (>90%). Het percentage mensen dat min of meer dagelijks het

  7. AcEST: DK962421 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available den, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and David J....t BLASTX 2.2.19 [Nov-02-2008] Reference: Altschul, Stephen F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jing...hui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and David J. Lipman (1997), Gapped BLAST and

  8. AcEST: DK952372 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available den, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and David J....t BLASTX 2.2.19 [Nov-02-2008] Reference: Altschul, Stephen F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jing...hui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and David J. Lipman (1997), Gapped BLAST and

  9. AcEST: BP920873 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available e: Altschul, Stephen F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jinghui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, a...t BLASTX 2.2.19 [Nov-02-2008] Reference: Altschul, Stephen F., Thomas L. Madden, Alejandro A. Schaffer, Jing...hui Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Webb Miller, and David J. Lipman (1997), Gapped BLAST and

  10. Psychological Aspects of Geographical Moves. Homesickness and Acculturation Stress

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tilburg, van Miranda; Vingerhoets, Ad

    2005-01-01

    'Het is de verdienste van dit boek dat op uitgebreide wijze aandacht wordt geschonken aan het feit dat lang niet iedereen zonder problemen huis en haard achterlaat. De samenstellers hebben gelijk dat hier sprake is van een onderbelicht probleem of wellicht zelfs een taboe.' Jan Spijker, Maandblad

  11. Miscellaneous information

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    NN,

    1969-01-01

    Taiwan herbaceous flora (see Fl.Mal.Bull. 22, p. 1562). In 1968 Prof. Hui-Lin Li spent a considerable time in Taiwan discussing this project with Taiwan botanists and authorities. An agreement was finally reached among those who are to be actively participating and a plan of procedure and a budget

  12. Research Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1 janv. 2017 ... Département des sciences de l'eau, Université de Blida, 09000 Blida, Algérie. Received: 17 .... la superficie agricole de la plaine d'Ouakda était de 281 Ha [7]. Aujourd'hui cette ..... des engrais biologiques ou chimiques.

  13. Association between vitamin D receptor gene polymorphism (TaqI ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Genetics; Volume 94; Issue 3. Association between vitamin D receptor gene polymorphism (TaqI) and obesity in Chinese population. Hui-Ru Fan Li-Qun Lin Hao Ma Ying Li Chang-Hao Sun. Research Note Volume 94 Issue 3 September 2015 pp 473-478 ...

  14. AUTHOR INDEX

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    microscopic techniques for imaging cell ... Q-switched Yb-doped photonic crystal fibre laser ... Classical simulations of heavy-ion fusion .... functionalized graphene ... Li Hui-Jia see Hu Ke. 571. Lin Huini. Finite-time synchronization of a class of.

  15. Anti-depressant effect of Paeonia lactiflora Pall extract in rats

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Anti-depressant effect of Paeonia lactiflora Pall extract in rats. Xiao-hui ... PLPE, at a dose ≥ 150 mg/kg significantly inhibited MAO A activity in rat whole brain in a dose-dependent manner .... (pH 7.4) upto a final volume of 1 ml. The reaction.

  16. DVD-d. Shrek Kolmas; Ma olen legend / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2008-01-01

    Lühiarvustused USA 2007.a. filmidele : animafilm "Shrek Kolmas" ("Shrek the Third", režissöörid Chris Miller, Raman Hui) ja ulmefilm "Ma olen legend" ("I Am Legend"; režissöör Francis Lawrence)

  17. Book Reviews.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coates, Elizabeth; And Others

    1993-01-01

    Reviews three books: (1) "Jeux Populaires Traditionnels pour les Enfants d'aujourd'hui" (Traditional Popular Games for Today's Children) (Jacqueline Theriault and Denise Garon); "Early Childhood Education" (B. Persky and L. Golubchick, editors); and "Playing to Learn: The Young Child, Teacher and the Classroom" (Weininger and Daniel). (AC)

  18. Le point sur les indices du bien-être national | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    21 janv. 2011 ... Aujourd'hui, de nouveaux indices perfectionnés tracent un portrait plus fouillé de l'état ... des progrès sur le plan économique, mais beaucoup de citoyens ne profitent pas de .... Tobacco Marketing — It's All Smoke and Mirrors.

  19. Cultures et organisations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hofstede, G.; Hofstede, G.J.; Minkov, M.

    2010-01-01

    La coopération interculturelle, une question de survie Véritable atlas des valeurs culturelles, paru en 18 langues, Cultures et organisations est le fruit de plus de 40 ans de recherches menées dans plus de 100 pays. Il est aujourd'hui le livre de référence des chercheurs, universitaires et

  20. Dictionaries compiled with French and

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Information Technology

    constitue l'un des problèmes fondamentaux des lexicographes aujourd'hui. Quelle est la nature des .... first time by the Imprimerie de la Libre Lorraine in Metz (1930–1934). It is monoscopal, with ..... Python de Seba. Python sebae. Serval.

  1. Theoretical Construction of Freedom and Pluralism Education in Pastoral Areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Shuyan

    2009-01-01

    At beginning of the article, the author has a brief introduction of basic conditions in pastoral areas of Imperial Town, and interprets ethnic relations among Han, Tibetan, Mongolian, Yugur, Hui, Manchu and Tu mixed residence. After analysis of the internal and external factors that affect the specificity of pastoral education, the author…

  2. Ontwikkelingen in Foodservice : online en beleving creëren nieuwe kansen voor toeleveranciers van agf

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Splinter, G.M.; Haaster-de Winter, van M.A.

    2015-01-01

    Het voedsellandschap is in beweging. Een ontwikkeling met grote gevolgen voor “vers” en haar toeleveranciers. Voedsel is op steeds meer (verschillende) plaatsen te koop en wordt aangeboden door verschillende aanbieders. GroentenFruit Huis wil de groenten- en fruitsector versterken en de positie van

  3. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. Philip N Garner. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 36 Issue 5 October 2011 pp 885-915. Current trends in multilingual speech processing · Hervé Bourlard John Dines Mathew Magimai-Doss Philip N Garner David Imseng Petr Motlicek Hui Liang Lakshmi Saheer Fabio Valente · More Details ...

  4. Journal of Chemical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. Xing Hui Zhang1 Fu Long Zhang1 Zhi Yuan Geng2. College of Chemical Engineering, Gansu Lianhe University, Lanzhou 730010, P.R. China; College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070, P.R. China ...

  5. Le combat contre le tabagisme à l'échelle mondiale | CRDI - Centre ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    12 janv. 2011 ... ... en effet d'adopter la toute première convention mondiale à porter sur un enjeu de la santé. ... Elle a désormais force de loi dans plus de 40 pays, dont le Canada. ... ce taux est passé de 1 % il y a dix ans à 5 % aujourd'hui.

  6. Publications | Page 2 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Documentaire sur des solutions locales qui permettent d'offrir plus de possibilités d'emploi aux femmes au Rwanda. Quand Nyirangaruye Dancilla a perdu son mari, elle s'est tournée vers la production de vin de banane pour ne pas se retrouver sans ressources. Aujourd'hui, les revenus de cette entreprise permettent à ...

  7. Publications | Page 6 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Documentaire sur des solutions locales qui permettent d'offrir plus de possibilités d'emploi aux femmes au Rwanda. Quand Nyirangaruye Dancilla a perdu son mari, elle s'est tournée vers la production de vin de banane pour ne pas se retrouver sans ressources. Aujourd'hui, les revenus de cette entreprise permettent à ...

  8. Reference: 197 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available bidopsis thaliana CAX2 cation transporter. 6 959-71 15821993 2004 Dec Plant molecular biology Cheng Ning-Hui|Hirschi Kendal D|Marshall Joy L|Morris Jay L|Pittman Jon K|Shigaki Toshiro

  9. Sensing of polymeric sensor-based rhodamine B derivative for metal ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    TONG-MOU GENG1 XIE WANG1 FENG ZHU1 HUI JIANG1 YU WANG2. Collaborative Innovation Center for Petrochemical New Materials, Anhui Key Laboratory of Functional Coordination Compounds, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Anqing Normal University, Anqing 246011, People's Republic of China ...

  10. Pramana – Journal of Physics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. Yan-Ze Peng1 E V Krishnan2 Hui Feng1. School of Mathematics and Statistics, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, People's Republic of China; Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Sultan Qaboos University, P.O. Box 36, Al-Khod 123, Muscat, Sultanate of Oman ...

  11. High-precision prostate cancer irradiation by clinical application of an offline patient setup verification procedure, using portal imaging

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bel, A.; Vos, P. H.; Rodrigus, P. T.; Creutzberg, C. L.; Visser, A. G.; Stroom, J. C.; Lebesque, J. V.

    1996-01-01

    PURPOSE: To investigate in three institutions, The Netherlands Cancer Institute (Antoni van Leeuwenhoek Huis [AvL]), Dr. Daniel den Hoed Cancer Center (DDHC), and Dr, Bernard Verbeeten Institute (BVI), how much the patient setup accuracy for irradiation of prostate cancer can be improved by an

  12. Energy diversification and renewable energies for the coming decade

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Plumejeaud, D.

    1999-01-01

    In the last issue of Gaz d'Aujourd'hui, the relation between energy and ethics during the next century was discussed. This article pursues this reflection, focusing on the problems raised by energy diversification through the use of renewable energies. It presents the main points raised during a meeting held on this topic. (author)

  13. Case note: EHRM (26692/05: C.A.S. en C.S. / Roemenië)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Graaf, J.H.

    2012-01-01

    In deze zaak staat de vraag centraal naar de vermeende schending van art. 3 en art. 8 EVRM. Klagers in deze zaak, inwoners van Roemenië, zijn vader en zoon. De feiten in deze zaak zijn als volgt. In januari 1998 wordt de zoon - dan zeven jaar oud - op weg van school naar huis gevolgd door een man,

  14. Recherche jusqu'ou ira le

    CERN Multimedia

    Jacob, F R

    2003-01-01

    Aujourd'hui, la puissance d'une nation s'evalue a son potentiel scientifique. C'est leur predominance en sciences qui a donne aux Etats-Unis leur superiorite dans de nombreux domaines: industriel, agricole, militaire, etc. Cette superiorite a debute a la fin de la seconde guerre mondiale" (2 pages).

  15. Association between vitamin D receptor gene polymorphism (TaqI)

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Genetics; Volume 94; Issue 3. Association between vitamin D receptor gene polymorphism (TaqI) and obesity in Chinese population. Hui-Ru Fan Li-Qun Lin Hao Ma Ying Li Chang-Hao Sun. Research Note Volume 94 Issue 3 September 2015 pp 473-478 ...

  16. Waste Not, Want Not: Lactate Oxidation Fuels the TCA Cycle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez-Reyes, Inmaculada; Chandel, Navdeep S

    2017-12-05

    Previous studies have demonstrated that mitochondrial respiration is essential for tumorigenesis. Hui et al. (2017) and Faubert et al. (2017) demonstrate that lactate, traditionally viewed as a waste product of anaerobic and aerobic glycolysis, is a major carbon source to fuel the mitochondrial TCA cycle in normal tissue and in tumors. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. High-precision prostate cancer irradiation by clinical application of an offline patient setup verification procedure, using portal imaging

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A. Bel (Arjan); P.H. Vos (Pieter); P. Rodrigus (Patrick); C.L. Creutzberg (Carien); A.G. Visser (Andries); J.Ch. Stroom (Joep); J.V. Lebesque (Joos)

    1996-01-01

    textabstractPurpose: To investigate in three institutions, The Netherlands Cancer Institute (Antoni van Leeuwenhoek Huis [AvL]), Dr. Daniel den Hoed Cancer Center (DDHC), and Dr. Bernard Verbeeten Institute (BVI), how much the patient setup accuracy for irradiation of prostate cancer can be improved

  18. José Antonio Ocampo : l'inclusion sociale et économique est ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    14 oct. 2015 ... ... haut niveau aux Nations Unies et au sein du gouvernement colombien, notamment celui de ministre de l'Agriculture et du Développement rural, est aujourd'hui directeur du programme de développement économique et politique de la School of International and Public Affairs de la Columbia University.

  19. Collagen I-induced dendritic cells activation is regulated by TNF-α ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Barun Poudel1 2 Hyeon-Hui Ki1 Young-Mi Lee2 Dae-Ki Kim1. Department of Immunology and Institute of Medical Sciences, Chonbuk National University Medical School, Jeonju, Jeonbuk 561-756, Korea; Department of Oriental Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Wonkwang Korean Medicines Research Institute, Wonkwang ...

  20. [Gao Jingyi. Han yu yu bei Ou yu yan : Han yu yu Wula'er yu yan ji Yin Ou yu yan tong yuan tan jiu] / Ago Künnap

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Künnap, Ago, 1941-

    2010-01-01

    Arvustus: Gao Jingyi. Han yu yu bei Ou yu yan : Han yu yu Wula'er yu yan ji Yin Ou yu yan tong yuan tan jiu = Chinese language and languages of northern Europe. Beijing : Zhongguo she hui ke xue chu ban she, 2008

  1. Targeting Breast Cancer Stem Cells in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-10-01

    atrophic endometrium in Brazil. Sao Paulo Med J 2011;129:320–4. 79. Nicolas M, Wolfer A, Raj K, Kummer JA, Mill P, van Noort M, Hui CC, Clevers H...defining the molecular basis for resistance. Oncol Rep 2011;25:855–62. 138. Verdi J, Tan A, Shoae-Hassani A, Seifalian AM. Endometrial stem cells in

  2. Verification of the utility of molecular markers linked to the multiple ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    GREGORY

    2010-08-30

    Aug 30, 2010 ... Feng Hui*, Wang Lili, Wei Peng, Liu Zhiyong, Li Chengyu, Wang Yugang, Ji Ruiqin and Zhang. Huaqing ..... Chin. Agric. Sci. Bull. 22: 377-379. Li CY, Feng H, Wei P, Wang LL, Zhang J, Yang HN, Jiang N (2009). Directional transfer of the genic multiple allele inherited male sterile line in Chinese cabbage.

  3. Overexpression of CFH gene in pterygiumv patients | Bang | Tropical ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Overexpression of CFH gene in pterygiumv patients. Man-Seok Bang, Chang Rae Rho, Bong-Hui Kang, Kyong Jin Cho, Chung-Hun Oh. Abstract. Purpose: To investigate the expression of complement factors in pterygium tissues compared to normal conjunctival samples, using next-generation RNA sequencing. Methods: ...

  4. WAN-MING LIU

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. WAN-MING LIU. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 41 Issue 7 July 2016 pp 713-719. Integrated fleet assignment and aircraft routing based on delay propagation · WAN-MING LIU XING-HUI ZHU YAN-LONG QI · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. Airlines' expensive resources, especially aircraft ...

  5. Production and refining of Dacryodes edulis “native pear” seeds oil

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    STORAGESEVER

    2008-05-02

    May 2, 2008 ... ml/g). Bleaching of 0.2% Na2CO3 degummed oil resulted in oil with peroxide value of 20 mgEq/Kg which ... Nigeria, Liberia, Cameroons and Zaire (Boungou, et al., .... Hui YJ Ed., John Wiley and Sons ... Robert Maxwell, pp.

  6. Les origines de l'alchimie

    CERN Document Server

    Berthelot, Marcellin

    2015-01-01

    Extrait :""Le monde est aujourd'hui sans mystère : la conception rationnelle prétend tout éclairer et tout comprendre ; elle s'efforce de donner de toute chose une explication positive et logique, et elle étend son déterminisme jusqu'au monde moral...""

  7. Résultats de recherche | Page 427 | CRDI - Centre de recherches ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Fatal Indifference : The G8, Africa, and Global Health. Le G8 (Allemagne, Angleterre, Canada, États-Unis, France, Italie, Japon, Russie et Union européenne) est aujourd'hui le principal vecteur politique de la mondialisation. Publication Date. 31 août 2004. Livres.

  8. Health | Page 23 | IDRC - International Development Research Centre

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Le G8 (Allemagne, Angleterre, Canada, États-Unis, France, Italie, Japon, Russie et Union européenne) est aujourd'hui le principal vecteur politique de la mondialisation. Il est également la force politique qui soutient le plus fermement les institutions multilatérales façonnant la gouvernance économique mondiale.

  9. Les oligonucléotides synthétiques "antisens" (1re partie)

    OpenAIRE

    Cravador, A.

    1994-01-01

    Le sujet que nous abordons aujourd'hui est une illustration de l'évolution des approches chimiques qui visent à obtenir des molécules ayant des effets biologiques (par exemple dans la recherche de nouveaux médicaments), ou qui fonctionnent comme sonde (par exemple dans le diagnostic médical).

  10. Autonomy Level Specification for Intelligent Autonomous Vehicles

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-09-01

    Autonomy Level Specification for Intelligent Autonomous Vehicles : Interim Progress Report Hui-Min Huang, Elena Messina, James Albus...Level Specification for Intelligent Autonomous Vehicles : Interim Progress Report 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6

  11. Résultats de recherche | Page 17 | CRDI - Centre de recherches ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    privé. Les régimes du monde entier ont connu des bouleversements négatifs au cours des dernières décennies : aujourd'hui, on compte près de deux milliards de personnes obèses ou présentant un surpoids, et les maladies non ...

  12. 182 L'erotisme Dans Uwaoma Et Le Beau Monde D'ifeoma ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Tracie1

    érotisme: Essai de définition. Il importe de mettre en ..... de son temps. Dans le monde d'aujourd'hui à la radio, à la télévision, dans les quotidiens, sur internet, dans les media sociaux tels que le facebook, le you-tube, le blackberry messenger ...

  13. Journal of Chemical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Synthesis and bio-catalytic activity of isostructural cobalt(III)-phenanthroline complexes · Dhananjay Dey Arnab Basu Roy Anandan Ranjani Loganathan Gayathri Saravanan Chandraleka Dharumadurai Dhanasekaran Mohammad Abdulkader Akbarsha Chung-Yu Shen Hui-Lien Tsai Milan Maji Niranjan Kole Bhaskar ...

  14. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 201 - 250 of 2037 ... Vol 14, No 11 (2015), Antibacterial Activity and Mode of Action of Mentha arvensis Ethanol Extract against Multidrug-Resistant Acinetobacter baumannii, Abstract PDF. Ling Zhang, Shu-gen Xu, Wei Liang, Jun Mei, Yue-ying Di, Hui-hua Lan, Yan Yang, Wei-wei Wang, Yuan-yuan Luo, Hou-zhao Wang.

  15. Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research - Vol 14, No 11 (2015)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Antibacterial Activity and Mode of Action of Mentha arvensis Ethanol Extract against Multidrug-Resistant Acinetobacter baumannii · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Ling Zhang, Shu-gen Xu, Wei Liang, Jun Mei, Yue-ying Di, Hui-hua Lan, Yan Yang, ...

  16. Health-related quality of life before and after management in adults referred to otolaryngology: rospective national study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swan, IRC; Guy, FH; Akeroyd, MA

    2012-01-01

    Objective An assessment of the effect of otolaryngological management on the health-related quality of life of patients. Design Application of the Health Utilities Index mark 3 (HUI-3) before and after treatment; application of the Glasgow Benefit Inventory (GBI) after treatment. Setting Six otolaryngological departments around Scotland. Participants A 9005 adult patients referred to outpatient clinics. Main outcome measures Complete HUI-3 data was collected from 4422 patients; complete GBI data from 4235; complete HUI-3 and GBI data from 3884. Results The overall change in health related quality of life from before to after management was just +0.02. In the majority of subgroups of data (classified by type of management) there was essentially no change in HUI-3 score. The major exceptions were those patients provided with a hearing aid (mean change 0.08) and those whose problem was managed surgically (mean change 0.04). The mean GBI score was 5.3 which is low. Those managed surgically reported a higher GBI score of 13.0. Conclusion We found that patients treated surgically or given a hearing aid reported a significant improvement in their health related quality of life after treatment in otolaryngology departments. In general, patients treated in other ways reported no significant improvement. We argue that future research should look carefully at patient groups where there is unexpectedly little benefit from current treatment methods and consider more effective methods of management. PMID:22212609

  17. African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Diuretic and anti-diuretic bioactivity differences of the seed and shell extracts of Alpinia oxyphylla fruit · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Yong-hui Li, Yin-feng Tan, Na Wei, Jun-qing Zhang, 25-32 ...

  18. High-temperature thermoelectric properties of AgxYyCa2⋅ 8Co4O9 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    temperature thermoelectric properties of AgYCa2.8Co4O9 + ceramics. Youjin Zheng Hui Zhou Tengzhou Ma Guihong Zuo Hongtao Li Taichao Su Chunlei Wu Hailiang Huang Dan Wang Longcheng Yin. Volume 37 Issue 5 August 2014 pp 963- ...

  19. Een (Duits) eitje : afzet biologische pluimveehouderij 2005

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Werf, van der J.T.N.; Kijlstra, A.

    2005-01-01

    Het aantal biologische pluimveebedrijven in Nederland neemt snel toe. Veel van de grotere biologische bedrijven exporteren hun eieren via pakstations naar Duitsland. De rest van de bedrijven zet de eieren binnenlands af via pakstations en een deel verkoopt ze direct aan huis of via

  20. Het Fries als voorbeeldige taal - in alle stadia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Versloot, A.P.

    2008-01-01

    ‘In ons Morfo-project proberen we de structuur van de Friese woordenschat bloot te leggen. We verbinden taalelementen die van dezelfde stam zijn afgeleid met elkaar: binnen én tussen de taalstadia. Een voorbeeld is het woord hûs, "huis". Dat zit in het woord útfanhûzje, "logeren", net zo goed als in

  1. Characters analysis of the Macadamia cv. Ikaika (333) germplasm ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ajl yemi

    2011-11-30

    Nov 30, 2011 ... germplasm resource. Liqing Du, Hui Zeng*, ... needed by human body, but is rich in mineral and vitamin as well. .... It was suggested that climate and orchard management are the main .... than that in South Africa at their 5th, 6th and 7th year respectively, but .... In Chan HT (Ed.), Handbook of tropical foods .

  2. Modeling Wind Wave Evolution from Deep to Shallow Water

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-09-30

    W.H. Hui, 1979; Nonlinear energy transfer in narrow gravity wave spectrum. Proc. Roy. Soc. London A368, 239–265. Gagnaire-Renou, E., M. Benoit , and P...at the 2013 WISE meeting, Camp Springs, MA , USA. Smit P. B. and T. T. Janssen, 2013; The evolution of inhomogeneous wave statistics through a

  3. Is Best-Worst Scaling Suitable for Health State Valuation? A Comparison with Discrete Choice Experiments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krucien, Nicolas; Watson, Verity; Ryan, Mandy

    2017-12-01

    Health utility indices (HUIs) are widely used in economic evaluation. The best-worst scaling (BWS) method is being used to value dimensions of HUIs. However, little is known about the properties of this method. This paper investigates the validity of the BWS method to develop HUI, comparing it to another ordinal valuation method, the discrete choice experiment (DCE). Using a parametric approach, we find a low level of concordance between the two methods, with evidence of preference reversals. BWS responses are subject to decision biases, with significant effects on individuals' preferences. Non parametric tests indicate that BWS data has lower stability, monotonicity and continuity compared to DCE data, suggesting that the BWS provides lower quality data. As a consequence, for both theoretical and technical reasons, practitioners should be cautious both about using the BWS method to measure health-related preferences, and using HUI based on BWS data. Given existing evidence, it seems that the DCE method is a better method, at least because its limitations (and measurement properties) have been extensively researched. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  4. Draft Genome Sequence of Streptococcus agalactiae Serotype Ia Strain M19, a Multidrug-Resistant Isolate from a Cow with Bovine Mastitis

    OpenAIRE

    Yang, Feng; Li, Hongsheng; Zhang, Shidong; Wang, Xurong

    2016-01-01

    Streptococcus agalactiae is a major contagious pathogen causing bovine mastitis worldwide. We report here the draft sequence of S.?agalactiae Ia strain M19, a multidrug-resistant isolate from a bovine mastitis case in Ningxia Hui autonomous region, China.

  5. AGARD/SMP Review Damage Tolerance for Engine Structures. 3. Component Behaviour and Life Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-06-01

    logistic and financial planning of engine overhauls and component replacements. Conclusions This workshop covers the critical technologies that relate the...veloppements trZs importants do la part des instituits et laboratoires do recherchos 2A-2 franqais, soutenus en celii par la SNECD1A. Aujourd’hui, ces mod&1es

  6. At Home in a Digital World

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jos de Haan; Frank Huysmans; Jan Steyaert

    2002-01-01

    Original title: Van huis uit digitaal. Young people grow up surrounded by digital media. Particularly at home, but increasingly at school as well, they have access to computers, the Internet and digital technology as well as information carriers such as video games and CD-ROMs. Some young

  7. Veranderde levenslopen : Trends in relatie- en gezinsvorming, 1900-1970

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A.C. Liefbroer (Aart); P.A. Dykstra (Pearl)

    2001-01-01

    textabstractDe levensloop van de man of vrouw die in 1900 is geboren ziet er heel anders uit dan van iemand die geboren is in 1970. De laatste gaat eerder uit huis, trouwt later en veelal pas na een paar jaar samenwonen. Paren stellen het krijgen van kinderen uit en gaan ook gemakkelijker uit

  8. Effects of 90-day feeding of transgenic Bt rice TT51 on the reproductive system in male rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Er Hui; Yu, Zhou; Hu, Jing; Xu, Hai Bin

    2013-12-01

    Rice is a staple food crop; however, the threat of pests leads to a serious decline in its output and quality. The CryAb/CryAc gene, encodes a synthetic fusion Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) crystal protein, was introduced into rice MingHui63 to produce insect-resistant rice TT51. This study was undertaken to investigate potential unintended effects of TT51 on the reproductive system in male rats. Male rats were treated with diets containing 60% of either TT51 or MingHui63 by weight, nutritionally balanced to an AIN93G diet, for 90days. An additional negative control group of rats were fed with a rice-based AIN93G diet. Body weights, food intake, hematology, serum chemistry, serum hormone levels, sperm parameters and relative organ/body weights were measured, and gross as well as microscopic pathology were examined. No diet-related significant differences in the values of response variables were observed between rats that were fed with diet containing transgenic TT51, MingHui63 and the control in this 90-day feeding study. In addition, necropsy and histopathology examination indicated no treatment-related changes. The results from the present study indicated that TT51 does not appear to exert any effect on the reproductive system in male rats compared with MingHui63 or the control. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. DNA damage and decrease of cellular oxidase activity in piglet ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DNA damage and decrease of cellular oxidase activity in piglet sertoli cells exposed to gossypol. Ming Zhang, Hui Yuan, Zuping He, Liyun Yuan, Jine Yi, Sijun Deng, Li Zhu, Chengzhi Guo, Yin Lu, Jing Wu, Lixin Wen, Qiang Wei, Liqun Xue ...

  10. 76 FR 46898 - Quarterly Publication of Individuals, Who Have Chosen To Expatriate, as Required by Section 6039G

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-03

    ... SOCORRO-VALLEJO ANGELA MARIE DELEEDE ANTHONY G DESAI ANAND R DESPERT ALAIN FERNAND DIEMER INGRID H DINGER... VELLOSO FREIRE HENTSCH FLAVIA VELLOSO FREIRE HERRERA GUSTAVO A HERZ STEPHEN OLIVER HEURTEMATTE ELIZABETH... HOYES STEPHEN HSU CHIN CHI HSU MING YU HSU TSUI CHING HUANG KUO-WEI HUI KAM KWEI HUTCHINSON MARY JEANNE...

  11. Résultats de recherche | Page 440 | CRDI - Centre de recherches ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Democracy, Citizenship and Youth : Towards Social and Political Participation in Brazil. Quelle est la place des jeunes dans le monde complexe et en constante mutation d'aujourd'hui ... Digital Review of Asia Pacific 2009–2010. Publié tous les deux ans, cet ouvrage se veut un guide exhaustif de l'état de la pratique et des ...

  12. Journal of Genetics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Genetics. CHU-ZHAO LEI. Articles written in Journal of Genetics. Volume 89 Issue 2 August 2010 pp 233-236 Research Note. Two novel single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and 4-bp deletion mutation of RBP4 gene in Chinese cattle · Mou Wang Xinsheng Lai Hui Yu Juqiang Wang ...

  13. Santé | Page 2 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Obesity is a risk factor for many NCDs, including stroke, heart disease, hypertension, diabetes, and cancer. Read more about Addressing obesity in South Africa through taxation. Langue English. La Terre compte aujourd'hui le plus grand nombre de jeunes (entre 10 et 24 ans) de tous les temps. Malheureusement, la réalité ...

  14. State-of-the-art technologies of forest inventory and monitoring in Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fong-Long Feng

    2000-01-01

    Ground surveys, remote sensing (RS), global positioning systems (GPS), geographic information systems (GIS), and permanent sampling plots (PSP) were used to inventory and monitor forests in the development of an ecosystem management plan for the island of Taiwan. While the entire island has been surveyed, this study concentrates on the Hui-Sun and Hsin-Hua Experimental...

  15. Huisverkoop van biologisch vlees : handboek

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Heijden, van der C.H.T.M.

    2005-01-01

    Voor biologische boeren die willen beginnen met de verkoop van biologisch vlees aan huis, is het 'Handboek Huisverkoop Biologisch Vlees' samengesteld. Het handboek bevat o.a. marketingtips en een overzicht van de wet- en regelgeving. Het is opgesteld door Wageningen UR in samenwerking met Biologica

  16. ABSCISIC ACID EFFECTS ON WATER AND PHOTOSYNTHETIC ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Bidai Y, Achour A and Belkhodja M

    1 mai 2016 ... Keywords: Phytohormone; drought; xerophyte; water status; ... induisent la synthèse de l'ABA, considéré aujourd'hui comme une hormone de stress [9, .... à α <0.05) et enfin de l'interaction " ABA x écotype x Durée" (F= 46,50 ...

  17. : tous les projets | Page 27 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Les chaînes de valeur mondiales, qui constituent aujourd'hui la plus importante part du commerce mondial, se composent de producteurs et d'entreprises qui créent des biens comme entrants destinés à d'autres producteurs. Région: Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, ...

  18. : tous les projets | Page 26 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Les chaînes de valeur mondiales, qui constituent aujourd'hui la plus importante part du commerce mondial, se composent de producteurs et d'entreprises qui créent des biens comme entrants destinés à d'autres producteurs. Région: Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, ...

  19. Vieillissement de la population : trouver un équilibre | CRDI - Centre ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    12 mars 2012 ... Prenons pour exemple les Philippines. La population de ce pays est encore relativement jeune, mais elle commence à vieillir. Les personnes âgées représentent aujourd'hui 5 % de la population, mais cette proportion sera de 12 % d'ici 2040. Le gouvernement devra offrir un meilleur soutien à un nombre ...

  20. Laos : tous les projets | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Les chaînes de valeur mondiales, qui constituent aujourd'hui la plus importante part du commerce mondial, se composent de producteurs et d'entreprises qui créent des biens comme entrants destinés à d'autres producteurs. Région: Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, South Asia, Far East Asia, ...

  1. Journal of Earth System Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Earth System Science. Ju Wei. Articles written in Journal of Earth System Science. Volume 125 Issue 5 July 2016 pp 1021-1031. Tectonic stress accumulation in Bohai–Zhangjiakou Seismotectonic Zone based on 3D visco-elastic modelling · Ju Wei Sun Weifeng Ma Xiaojing Jiang Hui.

  2. Mining microsatellite markers from public expressed sequence tag

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Genetics; Volume 91; Issue 3. Mining microsatellite markers from public expressed sequence tag sequences for genetic diversity analysis in pomegranate. Zai-Hai Jian Xin-She Liu Jian-Bin Hu Yan-Hui Chen Jian-Can Feng. Research Note Volume 91 Issue 3 December 2012 pp 353-358 ...

  3. Sublinear Space Algorithms for the Longest Common Substring Problem

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kociumaka, Tomasz; Starikovskaya, Tatiana; Vildhøj, Hjalte Wedel

    2014-01-01

    Given m documents of total length n, we consider the problem of finding a longest string common to at least d ≥ 2 of the documents. This problem is known as the longest common substring (LCS) problem and has a classic O(n) space and O(n) time solution (Weiner [FOCS'73], Hui [CPM'92]). However...

  4. Topics in combinatorial pattern matching

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vildhøj, Hjalte Wedel

    Problem. Given m documents of total length n, we consider the problem of finding a longest string common to at least d ≥ 2 of the documents. This problem is known as the longest common substring (LCS) problem and has a classic O(n) space and O(n) time solution (Weiner [FOCS’73], Hui [CPM’92]). However...

  5. Résultats de recherche | Page 428 | CRDI - Centre de recherches ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    humanité est de plus en plus tributaire des ressources marines et côtières. Les petites entreprises de pêche emploient aujourd'hui 50 des 51 millions de pêcheurs du monde, qui se trouvent pratiquement tous dans des pays en développement.

  6. Toe Elvis ophou sing. Juanita Aggenbach. Pretoria: Protea Boekhuis ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    die Melanie oor wie se lewe dit hier gaan, grootword en die huis verlaat waar haar pa in sy besopenheid die meubels en haar ma verniel, is die perspektief op byvoorbeeld seks romanties versluierd en al die emo- sionele reaksies ondanks die grimmigheid daarvan gerusstellend eerder as skokkend openbarend.

  7. Sex differences in the relative contribution of social and clinical factors to the Health Utilities Index Mark 2 measure of health-related quality of life in older home care clients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hogan David B

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The heterogeneity evident among home care clients highlights the need for greater understanding of the clinical and social determinants of multi-dimensional health-related quality of life (HRQL indices and of potential sex-differences in these determinants. We examined the relative contribution of social and clinical factors to HRQL among older home care clients and explored whether any of the observed associations varied by sex. Methods The Canadian-US sample included 514 clients. Self-reported HRQL was measured during in-home interviews (2002-04 using the Health Utilities Index Mark 2 (HUI2. Data on clients' sociodemographic, health and clinical characteristics were obtained with the Minimum Data Set for Home Care. The relative associations between clients' characteristics and HUI2 scores were examined using multivariable linear regression models. Results Women had a significantly lower mean HUI2 score than men (0.48, 95%CI 0.46-0.50 vs. 0.52, 0.49-0.55. Clients with distressed caregivers and poor self-rated health exhibited significantly lower HRQL scores after adjustment for a comprehensive list of clinical conditions. Several other factors remained statistically significant (arthritis, psychiatric illness, bladder incontinence, urinary tract infection or clinically important (reported loneliness, congestive heart failure, pressure ulcers correlates of lower HUI2 scores in adjusted analyses. These associations generally did not vary significantly by sex. Conclusion For females and males, HRQL scores were negatively associated with conditions predictive or indicative of disability and with markers of psychosocial stress. Despite sex differences in the prevalence of social and clinical factors likely to affect HRQL, few varied significantly by sex in their relative impact on HUI2 scores. Further exploration of differences in the relative importance of clinical and psychosocial well-being (e.g., loneliness to HRQL among

  8. The impact of age-related macular degeneration on health status utility values.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Espallargues, Mireia; Czoski-Murray, Carolyn J; Bansback, Nicholas J; Carlton, Jill; Lewis, Grace M; Hughes, Lindsey A; Brand, Christopher S; Brazier, John E

    2005-11-01

    To estimate health status utility values in patients with age-related macular degeneration (ARMD) associated with visual impairments, by using preference-based measures of health. This was a cross-sectional study involving patients with unilateral or bilateral ARMD who attended a large teaching hospital. Patients underwent visual tests (near and distant visual acuity [VA] and contrast sensitivity [CS]) and completed health status questionnaires including the Index of Visual Function (VF)-14 and three preference-based measures (the Health Utilities Index Mark III [HUI-3], the EuroQoL Health Questionnaire [EQ-5D], and the Short Form 6D Health Status Questionnaire [SF-6D]) and the time tradeoff (TTO). The mean health status is presented for five groups, defined according to the VA in the better-seeing eye and for four CS groups. Two hundred nine patients were recruited with substantial loss of visual function as obtained by visual tests (mean decimal VA in the better-seeing eye: 0.2) and self-report (mean VF-14 score: 41.5). The mean (+/-SD) utilities were 0.34 +/- 0.28 for HUI-3, 0.66 +/- 0.14 for SF-6D, 0.72 +/- 0.22 for EQ-5D, and 0.64 +/- 0.31 for TTO. The HUI-3 had the highest correlation with VA and CS (0.40 and -0.34), followed by TTO (0.25 and -0.21). Across the VA and CS groups, only HUI3 and TTO had a significant linear trend (P preference-based measures used. The HUI-3 seems to be the instrument of choice for use in economic evaluations in which community data are needed. It may be more appropriate to base economic models on CS or some combination of CS and VA rather than on VA alone.

  9. Comparison of direct and indirect methods of estimating health state utilities for resource allocation: review and empirical analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnold, David; Girling, Alan; Stevens, Andrew; Lilford, Richard

    2009-07-22

    Utilities (values representing preferences) for healthcare priority setting are typically obtained indirectly by asking patients to fill in a quality of life questionnaire and then converting the results to a utility using population values. We compared such utilities with those obtained directly from patients or the public. Review of studies providing both a direct and indirect utility estimate. Papers reporting comparisons of utilities obtained directly (standard gamble or time tradeoff) or indirectly (European quality of life 5D [EQ-5D], short form 6D [SF-6D], or health utilities index [HUI]) from the same patient. PubMed and Tufts database of utilities. Sign test for paired comparisons between direct and indirect utilities; least squares regression to describe average relations between the different methods. Mean utility scores (or median if means unavailable) for each method, and differences in mean (median) scores between direct and indirect methods. We found 32 studies yielding 83 instances where direct and indirect methods could be compared for health states experienced by adults. The direct methods used were standard gamble in 57 cases and time trade off in 60(34 used both); the indirect methods were EQ-5D (67 cases), SF-6D (13), HUI-2 (5), and HUI-3 (37). Mean utility values were 0.81 (standard gamble) and 0.77 (time tradeoff) for the direct methods; for the indirect methods: 0.59(EQ-5D), 0.63 (SF-6D), 0.75 (HUI-2) and 0.68 (HUI-3). Direct methods of estimating utilities tend to result in higher health ratings than the more widely used indirect methods, and the difference can be substantial.Use of indirect methods could have important implications for decisions about resource allocation: for example, non-lifesaving treatments are relatively more favoured in comparison with lifesaving interventions than when using direct methods.

  10. Parental Perceptions of Quality of Life in Children on Long-Term Ventilation at Home as Compared to Enterostomy Tubes.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brahim Redouane

    Full Text Available Health related quality of life (HRQL of children using medical technology at home is largely unknown. Our aim was to examine the HRQL in children on long-term ventilation at home (LTHV in comparison to a cohort using an enterostomy tube.Participants were divided into three groups: 1 LTHV without an enterostomy tube (LTHV cohort; 2 Enterostomy tube (GT cohort; 3 LTHV with an enterostomy tube (LTHV+GT cohort. Caregivers of children ≥ 5 years and followed at SickKids, Toronto, Canada, completed three questionnaires: Health Utilities Index 2/3 (HUI2/3, Caregiver Priorities Caregiver Health Index (CPCHILD, and the Paediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL. The primary outcome was the difference in utility (HUI2/3 scores between the cohorts.One hundred and nineteen children were enrolled; 47 in the LTHV cohort, 44 in the GT cohort, and 28 in the LTHV+GT cohort. In univariate analysis, HUI2 mean (SE scores were lowest for the GT cohort, 0.4 (0.04 followed by the LTHV+GT, 0.42 (0.05 and then the LTHV cohort, 0.7 (0.04, p = 0.001. A similar trend was seen for the HUI3 mean (SE scores: GT cohort, 0.1 (0.06, followed by the LTHV +GT cohort, 0.2 (0.08 and then the LTHV cohort, 0.5 (0.06, p = 0.0001. Technology cohort, nursing hours and the severity of health care needs predicted HRQL as measured by the HUI2/3.The HRQL of these children is low. Children on LTHV had higher HRQL than children using enterostomy tubes. Further work is needed to identify modifiable factors that can improve HRQL.

  11. Future foam: Nontrivial topology from bubble collisions in eternal inflation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bousso, Raphael; Freivogel, Ben; Yang, I-S.; Sekino, Yasuhiro; Shenker, Stephen; Susskind, Leonard; Yeh, C.-P.

    2008-01-01

    We study pocket universes which have zero cosmological constant and nontrivial boundary topology. These arise from bubble collisions in eternal inflation. Using a simplified dust model of collisions we find that boundaries of any genus can occur. Using a radiation shell model we perform analytic studies in the thin-wall limit to show the existence of geometries with a single toroidal boundary. We give plausibility arguments that higher genus boundaries can also occur. In geometries with one boundary of any genus a timelike observer can see the entire boundary. Geometries with multiple disconnected boundaries can also occur. In the spherical case with two boundaries the boundaries are separated by a horizon. Our results suggest that the holographic dual description for eternal inflation, proposed by Freivogel, Sekino, Susskind and Yeh, should include summation over the genus of the base space of the dual conformal field theory. We point out peculiarities of this genus expansion compared to the string perturbation series.

  12. Solving potential field problems in composite media with complicated geometries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yeh, H.

    1977-01-01

    Recently, Yeh developed a method of solving potential field problems for complicated geometries and theorems of piecewise continuous eigenfunctions which can be used to solve boundary-value problems in composite media by the separation of variables. This paper shows that by a proper arrangement of matching conditions and boundary conditions, this method and these theorems can be applied simultaneously so that the problems in composite media with complicated geometries can be solved. To illustrate this, a heat-conduction problem in a composite cylinder with an abrupt change in cross-section area is solved. Also presented in this paper are the method of handling the nonhomogeneous boundary conditions for composite media and the extension of one of the above-mentioned theorems to include imperfect contact on material boundaries

  13. Comments on Ge Zhaoguang’s Reading of the "Yŏnhaeng-nok" (Journeys to Beijing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wen-hsin Yeh

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Ge Zhaoguang 葛兆光. Xiangxiang yiyu: Du Lichao Chaoxian hanwen Yanxing wenxian zhaji 葛兆光,想象异域:读李朝朝鲜韩文燕行文献札记 [Imagining a foreign place: Notes on Korean Yi-dynasty Beijing journals in classical Chinese]. Beijing: Zhonghua shuju, 2014. 302 pp., including three appendices and a reference bibliography. ISBN: 978-7101099430. Cross-Currents co-editor Wen-hsin Yeh (University of California, Berkeley discusses a contemporary Chinese commentary on the Yŏnhaeng-nok (Ch. Yanxinglu, Journeys to Beijing, a collection of Chosŏn-era travelogues written by Korean envoys to China (specifically, Beijing.

  14. Solid-state amorphization of SmFe{sub 3} by hydrogenation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mueller, K.H.; Kubis, M.; Handstein, A.; Gutfleisch, O.

    2000-05-10

    Hydrogen-induced amorphization (HIA) has received much attention as a method for the preparation of amorphous compounds since its discovery by Yeh et al. Meanwhile it has been observed for a large number of intermetallic compounds with C15, C23, B8{sub 2}, DO{sub 19} and L1{sub 2} structures. E.G. the C15 Laves-type compounds (MgCu{sub 2}-type structure) of rare earth (R) - transition metal (T) compounds RT{sub 2} show HIA for R = Y, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho and Er. Aoki et al. postulated that new amorphizing compounds can be expected at high hydrogen pressures. In this work, the structural changes of SmFe{sub 3} (PuNi{sub 3}-type structure) during heating in high hydrogen pressures are reported.

  15. Solid-state amorphization of SmFe3 by hydrogenation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mueller, K.H.; Kubis, M.; Handstein, A.; Gutfleisch, O.

    2000-01-01

    Hydrogen-induced amorphization (HIA) has received much attention as a method for the preparation of amorphous compounds since its discovery by Yeh et al. Meanwhile it has been observed for a large number of intermetallic compounds with C15, C23, B8 2 , DO 19 and L1 2 structures. E.G. the C15 Laves-type compounds (MgCu 2 -type structure) of rare earth (R) - transition metal (T) compounds RT 2 show HIA for R = Y, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho and Er. Aoki et al. postulated that new amorphizing compounds can be expected at high hydrogen pressures. In this work, the structural changes of SmFe 3 (PuNi 3 -type structure) during heating in high hydrogen pressures are reported

  16. Study of Travelling Interplanetary Phenomena (STIP) workshop travel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, S. T.

    1986-01-01

    Thirty six abstracts are provided from the SCOSTEP/STIP Symposium on Retrospective Analyses and Future Coordinated Intervals held in Switzerland on June 10 to 12, 1985. Six American scientists participated in the symposium and their abstracts are also included. The titles of their papers are: (1) An analysis of near surface and coronal activity during STIP interval 12, by T. E. Gergely; (2) Helios images of STIP intervals 6, B. V. Jackson; (3) Results from the analysis of solar and interplanetary observations during STIP interval 7, S. R. Kane; (4) STIP interval 19, E. Cliver; (5) Hydrodynamic buoyancy force in the solar atmosphere, T. Yeh; and (6) A combined MHD modes for the energy and momentum transport from solar surface to interplanetary space, S. T. Wu.

  17. AHP 40: Review: MAPPING SHANGRILA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katia Buffetrille

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Emily Yeh and Chris Coggins have gathered a collection of ten articles published under what appears as a very contradictory title: Mapping Shangrila. Contested Landscapes in the Sino-Tibetan Borderlands. Since Peter Bishop's The Myth of Shangri la (1989 and Donald Lopez's Prisoners of Shangri la (1998, several books have appeared on Tibet and its relation with the mythical realm created by James Hilton (1900-1954. Meanwhile, Tibetans and Chinese officials in Yunnan have succeeded in establishing Hilton's imaginary place on earth in a real place, populated by real people. In 2002, the city of Gyalthang (Rgyal thang; Ch, Zhongdian, was renamed Shangrila, or Xiangelila as it is rendered in Chinese language. The Shangrila of this book covers a geographic area much larger than Rgyal thang and its surroundings, however. It deals with what the editors qualify as the "Sino-Tibetan Borderlands": places in Kham and Amdo that are undertaking a similar process of "Shangrilazation." ..

  18. Updating radon daughter bronchial dosimetry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Harley, N.H.; Cohen, B.S.

    1990-01-01

    It is of value to update radon daughter bronchial dosimetry as new information becomes available. Measurements have now been performed using hollow casts of the human bronchial tree with a larynx to determine convective or turbulent deposition in the upper airways. These measurements allow a more realistic calculation of bronchial deposition by diffusion. Particle diameters of 0.15 and 0.2 μm were used which correspond to the activity median diameters for radon daughters in both environmental and mining atmospheres. The total model incorporates Yeh/Schum bronchial morphometry, deposition of unattached and attached radon daughters, build up and decay of the daughters and mucociliary clearance. The alpha dose to target cells in the bronchial epithelium is calculated for the updated model and compared with previous calculations of bronchial dose

  19. La création séparation comme œuvre de l'origine

    OpenAIRE

    Wénin, André

    2013-01-01

    La séparation est l'opération adéquate permettant de sortir du chaos. Or, en Genèse 1, quand Dieu met en œuvre son propre nom en disant Yehî, il sépare. Mais ce qui se passe ainsi au commencement a lieu aussi dans l'histoire. D'autres commencements s'y produisent, comme on le voit au début de l'aventure d'Abraham (Gn 12) ou de Moïse (Ex 3), dans l'exode du peuple sortant d'Égypte (Ex 14) et lors de la conclusion de l'alliance au Sinaï (Ex 19-20). A chaque fois, en intimant une séparation, la ...

  20. Review Essay: Knowing Society, Cultivating Citizens, and Making the State in Post-Imperial China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Culp

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Tong Lam. A Passion for Facts: Social Surveys and the Construction of the Chinese Nation-State, 1900–1949. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2011. 280 pp. $60 (cloth.Janet Y. Chen. Guilty of Indigence: The Urban Poor in China, 1900–1953. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2012. 320 pp. $45 (cloth/eBook.Understanding society and building the national community were, in many ways, paired common goals for China’s intellectuals and political leaders during the first half of the twentieth century. Complementary new books by Tong Lam and Janet Chen illuminate key dynamics of those processes. Lam’s A Passion for Facts: Social Surveys and the Construction of the Chinese Nation-State, 1900–1949 tracks the development of the social survey movement (shehui diaocha yundong during the first half of the twentieth century. Chen’s Guilty of Indigence: The Urban Poor in China, 1900–1953 analyzes efforts to explain poverty, categorize the poor, and extend to the needy “active relief,” which was meant to transform them from “parasites” into productive citizens. Together the books demonstrate how new systems of knowledge served to map the social field and how institutions of governance defined and reshaped social groups for the project of national mobilization, with Lam concentrating more on the development of modern technologies of knowledge and Chen focusing more on the development of governmental institutions and the imposition of social discipline. Through their analyses these books help to explain the process whereby abstract academic fields and research methodologies, along with theories and techniques of social governance, had material effects that transformed millions of people’s daily lives. They provide, in other words, striking examples of what Wen-hsin Yeh, Eddy U, and I have elsewhere characterized as “organized knowledge in action” (Culp, U, and Yeh n.d....

  1. Etude sur la prédiction de l'inversion de phase Phase Inversion Behavior for Liquid Dispersions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Decarre S.

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available En écoulement diphasique eau-huile dans lequel une des phases est dispersée dans l'autre, il peut se produire sous certaine condition d'écoulement une inversion de phase, la phase continue devenant dispersée. Ce phénomène, qui contrôle la nature de la phase mouillant la paroi de la conduite dans laquelle s'écoulent les phases, a des conséquences importantes sur la corrosion et sur la perte de charge. Nous présentons un modèle d'inversion, basé sur une approche thermodynamique, valable pour tous les régimes d'écoulement. Les données expérimentales utilisées pour la validation du modèle sont issues d'une étude bibliographique. En écoulement laminaire, cette approche conduit à des résultats similaires à ceux du modèle de Yeh. Pour la plupart des données disponibles, ce modèle prédit bien la fraction critique pour laquelle l'inversion de phase se produit. In two phase oil-water dispersed flow, a phase inversion may occur whereby the continuous phase becomes dispersed. This phenomenon which controls the nature of the phase in contact with the pipe has a great importance on the corrosion and on the pressure drop. A model for the phase inversion is presented, it is based on a thermodynamic approach, and it is valid for all flow regimes. Experimental data from the litterature are used to validate the model. In laminar flow, this approach gives similar results to those obtained by Yeh. For most data, the model agrees well with the experimental data.

  2. Intégration de données temps-réel issues de capteurs dans un entrepôt de données géo-décisionnel

    OpenAIRE

    Mathieu, Jean

    2011-01-01

    Nous avons pu, au cours des dernières années, assister à une augmentation du nombre de capteurs utilisés pour mesurer des phénomènes de plus en plus variés. En effet, nous pouvons aujourd'hui utiliser les capteurs pour mesurer un niveau d'eau, une position (GPS), une température et même le rythme cardiaque d'un individu. La grande diversité de capteurs fait d'eux aujourd'hui des outils par excellence en matière d'acquisition de données. En parallèle à cette effervescence, les outils d'analyse...

  3. Sodobni islamski preporod na Kitajskem: stari vzorci, novi trendi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maja Veselič

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This article examines some of the most salient phenomena marking contemporary Islamic revival among the Hui, a Chinese ethno-religious minority, such as reforms of religious instruction, a growing Hui presence in the international centres of Islamic learning, a flourishing religious publishing and a continous increase in the numbers of pilgrims to Mecca. These developments are placed in the context of historical development of Islam in China, from the advent of first Muslims in the 7th century up until today. The author argues that the present-day revival should largely be seen as a continuation of the Islamic reformist efforts of the Republican era, which were concurrent with the projects of Chinese modernization and nation-building, but were sharply interrupted by the various political campaigns of the first few decades of the People's Republic of China.

  4. The genus Scaphidium Olivier in East China (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae, Scaphidiinae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liang Tang

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available A review of 21 species of Scaphidium Olivier from East China is presented, including 6 new species: S. jinmingi sp. n. (Zhejiang, Anhui, Chongqing, S. crypticum sp. n.(Zhejiang, Fujian, Jiangxi, Guangxi, S. varifasciatum sp. n. (Zhejiang, An’hui, S. robustum sp. n. (Fujian, Guizhou, Chongqing, Guangxi, Yunnan, S. connexum sp. n. (Zhejiang, Fujian, Guangxi, and S. bayibini sp. n. (An’hui. New province records for S. comes Löbl, S. grande Gestro, S. sauteri Miwa & Mitono, S. formosanum Pic, S. carinense Achard, S. sinense Pic, S. delatouchei Achard, S. biwenxuani He, Tang & Li, S. klapperichi Pic, S. stigmatinotum Löbl, S. wuyongxiangi He, Tang & Li, and S. direptum Tang & Li as well as some biological notes are reported. Habitus and diagnostic characters of all species are photographed and a key to Scaphidium species of East China is provided.

  5. Joaquín Sorolla pintor del Rey Alfonso XIII 

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jordane Fauvey

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available « Aujourd’hui Sorolla intéresse », déclarait Florencio de Santa-Ana, directeur du Musée Sorolla de Madrid, à l’occasion de l’exposition Sorolla íntimo (2004. En effet, depuis les années 1980-90, le peintre des plages de Valence est à la mode. En témoignent la fréquence des expositions concernant directement son œuvre, ou encore le prix des toiles qui sont aujourd’hui les plus élevées du marché, juste derrière les chef-d’œuvres des impressionnistes français. Ces dernières années ont également...

  6. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamit Bozarslan

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Peut-on parler de l’Irak avec la distance critique consistant à taire sa colère de citoyen par rapport à l’horreur d’aujourd’hui et celle d’hier ? Celle d’aujourd’hui, car comment ne pas constater qu’à un embargo de plus de dix ans et à une occupation autant arrogante qu’imprudente fait désormais suite une violence multiforme détruisant la société irakienne dans ses fondements mêmes ? Et celle d’hier, car comment ne pas se souvenir que le régime renversé laissa derrière lui un pays dévasté pa...

  7. Market for domotics in the Netherlands. Major or minor?; Nederlandse domoticamarkt. In majeur of mineur?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Uythof, B. [Invenit, Domotica Platform Nederland, Amsterdam (Netherlands)

    2003-10-01

    A brief overview is given of new developments in the market for automation systems for houses (domotics), in particular the option to make use of broadband technology. [Dutch] De klassieke domoticasystemen, waarbij via bussystemen zaken als verwarming, verlichting en veiligheid worden geregeld, staan onder druk door wensen van consumenten. Zij willen af van het grote aantal netwerkjes met bijbehorende bedrading in huis. Ook zoekt deze groep naar een verdergaande integratie van diensten en producten in zijn woning. Uit buitenlands onderzoek blijkt dat deze consumenten al een bepaald voorzieningsniveau op internetgebied, zoals breedband, in huis hebben. De huidige breedbandtechniek maakt het mogelijk via een bussysteem, of zelfs draadloos, apparaten te bedienen en mee te communiceren. Toepassingen waar veel van wordt verwacht. Het is daarom zaak voor de 'klassieke' domotica om allianties aan te gaan met de moderne vormen van domotica- en breedbandontwikkelingen.

  8. Critique in action. To fight, to play, to break

    OpenAIRE

    Frère, Bruno

    2011-01-01

    Le communisme n'est plus, les grands mouvements critiques des années 70 auraient fait long feux et il n'y aurait plus d'espace aujourd'hui que pour l'adaptation au monde tel qu'il est. Les désaffiliés doivent être réinsérés, les migrants assimilés, les jeunes adaptés, les moins jeunes reformés. L'enjeu pour tout un chacun serait aujourd'hui d'augmenter son employabilité, d'assurer sa flexibilité et sa mobilité afin de s'assurer sinon un avenir, en tout cas un statuquo dans une société trans...

  9. Les chemins du savoir

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Cathy Egan

    solutions africaines aux problèmes causés par les politiques d'ajustement structurel sévères imposées par les institutions financières internationales. Aujourd'hui, cet organisme à but non lucratif, se place au premier rang des organismes de recherche en économie en. « Quand la démocratie bat de l'aile dans un pays, tout.

  10. China’s Muslims: Separatism and Prospects for Ethnic Peace

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-09-01

    white caps, halal food , and religious practices in order to maintain a successful combination of Chinese and Islamic life. Though Lipman would argue...expatriate communities. Instead, they have largely conformed to overseas Chinese communities with only a few identifying characteristics (such as halal ...standards of living.141 Under the new free market reforms, Hui living in Na Homestead operate 70 percent of the restaurants, food stands, and private

  11. Suivi de la femme enceinte seropositive au VIH a l'Hopital de be a ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Introduction: La situation épidémiologique du VIH/Sida est aujourd'hui très préoccupante dans tous les continents. Les efforts pour endiguer cette pandémie se font à travers un certain nombre de stratégies spécifiques dont la prévention de la transmission du VIH de la mère à l'enfant (PTME). Objectif: Analyser le suivi des ...

  12. Levitikus as agtergrond van Markus 5:25–34, geïnterpreteer in terme ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2 Feb 2011 ... is nie onrein nie, want dit is normaal dat daar mis sal wees daar waar koeie beweeg; dit is dus in plek. Wanneer hierdie ... mis voor in die huis, 'n plek voor waar dit nie hoort nie en dan is dit onrein. Onreinheid verwys ..... die shalom kan ervaar wat haar so lank ontneem was. kai. i;sqi u`gih.j avpo. th/j ma ...

  13. Sexospécificités | Page 215 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    alimentation et l'agriculture (FAO) estime que, sur près de 250 000 variétés végétales propres à la culture, on n'en cultive aujourd'hui qu'environ 7 000, soit moins de 3 %. Le non-usage mène à l'abandon et, éventuellement, à l'extinction. Read more ...

  14. Mangghuer Embroidery: A Vanishing Tradition

    OpenAIRE

    Aila Pullinen

    2015-01-01

    Aila Pullinen. 2015. Mangghuer Embroidery: A Vanishing Tradition IN Gerald Roche and CK Stuart (eds) Asian Highlands Perspectives 36: Mapping the Monguor, 178-188, 301-332. Visits were undertaken in the years 2001 and 2002 to Minhe Hui and Mangghuer (Tu) Autonomous County, Haidong Municipality, Qinghai Province, China to research and document Mangghuer embroidery. This research is summarized in terms of the history of Mangghuer embroidery, tools and materials, embroidery techniques, embr...

  15. PATHOGENIE COMPAREE DE QUELQUES SOUCHES DE ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AISA

    . Deux types d'inoculum du champignon (talc et vermiculite) ... prendre conscience de l'importance des dégâts provoqués par cette maladie. Aujourd'hui, la fusariose du ... Le matériel végétal est constitué de 4 variétés d'espèces maraîchères :.

  16. China Debates the Future Security Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-01-01

    Bike, Zhot~uo da qushi (China megatrends )( Belling: Hualing chubanshe, 1996). For warnings on the need to conceal increasing national power, see Ma...became Japan’s prime minister in 1957. Troop 731, which had engaged in biological warfare experiments, was exempted from trial. In March 1950, all...gongye chubanshe, 1998. Lu Hui. He hua sheng wuqi de h’shi yu weilai CFhe history and future of nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons). Beijing

  17. Seks korraks kõik: 15. PÖFF sai läbi, "Eesti film 100" ootab ees

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    15. Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivali võitjatest. Parim Euraasia film "Lihtne elu" (režissöör Ann Hui, Hiina), parim režissöör Lynne Ramsay "Me peame Kevinist rääkima" (Suurbritannia), parim meeesnäitleja Sven Nordin filmist "Norra pojad", parim naisnäitleja Deanie Ip filmist "Lihne elu". Elutööauhinnad said Rein Raamat, Rein Maran, Fridrik Thor Fridriksson ja Aleksandr Sokurov

  18. Võistluskavade parimad said eile pärjatud / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2011-01-01

    15. Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivali võitjatest. Parim Euraasia film "Lihtne elu" (režissöör Ann Hui, Hiina), parim režissöör Lynne Ramsay ("Me peame Kevinist rääkima", Suurbritannia). Balti filmide konkursil parim Eesti film "Surnuaiavahi tütar", parim operaator Mart Taniel ("Idioot", Eesti). Auhindade võitjad loetletud

  19. CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le développement international |

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Lire leurs observations. Nos experts font part de leurs réflexions sur les questions et les approches sur lesquelles se penchent les acteurs du développement international aujourd'hui, ainsi que sur le rôle de la recherche dans la mise au point de solutions. Image. Homme travaillant à l'intérieur d'un grand tube d'acier ...

  20. Using Linear Equating to Map PROMIS(®) Global Health Items and the PROMIS-29 V2.0 Profile Measure to the Health Utilities Index Mark 3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hays, Ron D; Revicki, Dennis A; Feeny, David; Fayers, Peter; Spritzer, Karen L; Cella, David

    2016-10-01

    Preference-based health-related quality of life (HR-QOL) scores are useful as outcome measures in clinical studies, for monitoring the health of populations, and for estimating quality-adjusted life-years. This was a secondary analysis of data collected in an internet survey as part of the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS(®)) project. To estimate Health Utilities Index Mark 3 (HUI-3) preference scores, we used the ten PROMIS(®) global health items, the PROMIS-29 V2.0 single pain intensity item and seven multi-item scales (physical functioning, fatigue, pain interference, depressive symptoms, anxiety, ability to participate in social roles and activities, sleep disturbance), and the PROMIS-29 V2.0 items. Linear regression analyses were used to identify significant predictors, followed by simple linear equating to avoid regression to the mean. The regression models explained 48 % (global health items), 61 % (PROMIS-29 V2.0 scales), and 64 % (PROMIS-29 V2.0 items) of the variance in the HUI-3 preference score. Linear equated scores were similar to observed scores, although differences tended to be larger for older study participants. HUI-3 preference scores can be estimated from the PROMIS(®) global health items or PROMIS-29 V2.0. The estimated HUI-3 scores from the PROMIS(®) health measures can be used for economic applications and as a measure of overall HR-QOL in research.

  1. Étude économique des foyers domestiques par la technique d ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Les foyers font partie de la vie courante. Chaque ménage en utilise pour la cuisson de ses repas. Dans les pays en développement, la plupart des populations utilisent surtout des foyers à combustibles ligneux. Les effets négatifs sur l'environnement sont aujourd'hui bien connus : poches de désertification, érosion des sols, ...

  2. Annotated Bibliography of Publications from the US Navy’s Marine Mammal Program, Update. Revision A.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-07-01

    radio tags, and freeze branding. Hui, C. A. 1979 Undersea topography and distribution of dolphins of the genus Delphinus in the Southern California...Delphinapterus leucas. Sleep Research 3:85 (Abstract). Observed behavior consisted of active waking, quiet waking, and stereotypic circular swimming. The...behavior consisted of periods of unambiguous waking, stereotypic circular swimming with brief (20-30 sec) eye closure and other indications of sleep

  3. China’s Forbearance Has Limits: Chinese Threat and Retaliation Signaling and Its Implications for a Sino-American Military Confrontation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-01

    operate businesses and live on the mainland; communications and travel are now easier; cross-strait tourism is growing; academic contacts are increasing...People’s Daily COMMENTATOR ARTICLE on upholding “one- China principle” Xinhua Commentator on Lee Teng- hui “ doomed to be pinned on the pole of...illegal act that went against the will of the people”; any effort toward Taiwan independence “is doomed to fail” Xinhua reports failure of CSB

  4. Résultats de recherche | Page 164 | CRDI - Centre de recherches ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Encore aujourd'hui, la tribu continue de jouer un rôle de premier plan dans les structures sociales au Moyen-Orient, en particulier au Yémen, en Iraq et en Jordanie. Il existe en effet un lien étroit entre le politique et l'organisation tribale. Projet. Cybergouvernement à Fès, au Maroc. Dans la phase pilote du projet (no ...

  5. Le socle d'une œuvre, invisible mais essentiel

    OpenAIRE

    Huguenin, Daniel

    2015-01-01

    Tiré du site internet du blog des Musées d'art et d'histoire (http://blog.mahgeneve.ch): "Le support se faisant aujourd'hui le plus discret possible, voire invisible. Sa réalisation nécessite une étroite collaboration entre les différents acteurs d'une exposition car le socleur doit allier les besoins de la conservation et de la muséographie.".

  6. 1336-IJBCS-Article-Amani Michel Kouassi

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    KODJIO NORBERT

    travaux dont les plus récents sont ceux de. Soro (2002), Lasm et al. (2008), Oga et al. (2009), Soro (2010) .... Le graphe de corrélation de la conductivité électrique (CE) en fonction de la somme des concentrations .... l'estimation des caractéristiques des gisements miniers, la géostatistique est aujourd'hui appliquée à ...

  7. (FLE) dans un environnement des TIC

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    enseignement du français langue étrangères se sont succédées, les unes en rupture avec les précédentes et les autres comme une adaptation aux nouveaux besoins de la société. Aujourd'hui la réalité des TIC dans le domaine de ...

  8. Bulletin of Materials Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science; Volume 36; Issue 4. Investigation of localization effect in GaN-rich InGaN alloys and modified band-tail model. Chuan-Zhen Zhao Bin Liu De-Yi Fu Hui Chen Ming Li Xiang-Qian Xiu Zi-Li Xie Shu-Lin Gu You-Dou Zheng. Volume 36 Issue 4 August 2013 pp 619-622 ...

  9. TIBETAN WOMEN'S DAILY LIFE: FIRE, FUEL, WATER COLLECTION, COOKING, AND CHILDCARE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rdo rje don 'grub རྡོ་རྗེ་དོན་འགྲུབ། Duojieduanzhi 多杰端智

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available The daily lives of Lha mtsho skyid, Klu mo, and Tshe thar skyid, Tibetan women living in impoverished A bo rgyud (Awubuju Tibetan Village, Gser gzhung (Jinyuan Township, Dpal lung (Hualong Hui Autonomous County, Mtsho shar (Haidong City, Mtsho sngon (Qinghai Province in May 2011 are described. Aspects of fuel collection, family relationships, food preparation, child care, schooling, water collection, and day-to-day anxieties are described, illustrating the reality of their daily existence.

  10. Rôle politique des tribus : une analyse du tribalisme, de l'islamisme ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Encore aujourd'hui, la tribu continue de jouer un rôle de premier plan dans les structures sociales au Moyen-Orient, en particulier au Yémen, en Iraq et en Jordanie. Il existe en effet un lien étroit entre le politique et l'organisation tribale. Au Yémen, par exemple, la tribu pose tout un défi à l'État, et il semble même parfois lui ...

  11. From columbine to virgínia tech: empirical based reflections about an expanding phenomenon / De columbine à virgínia tech: reflexões com base empírica sobre um fenômeno em expansão

    OpenAIRE

    Leonardo Conceição Guimarães; Francisco Dyonísio Cardoso Mendes; Timoteo Madaleno Vieira

    2009-01-01

    School shooting phenomenon has attracted attention throughout the world, especially after the Columbine massacre in April, 1999. In that event, 12 people died and about 30 were hurt. Some years later, in April 2007, Cho Seung-Hui carried out an even more impressive deed, shooting and killing 32 people at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, USA. This article presents school shooting as a growing phenomenon that may happen anywhere and not just in the United States. A reflectio...

  12. Les Céphalopodes déroulés et l’irréversibilité de l’évolution

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dollo, Louis

    1922-01-01

    1. — Nous en sommes exactement, aujourd’hui, avec l’Irréversibilite au même point qu’avec la Loi de la Récapitulation: les uns l’affirment absolument; les autres la nient absolument; d’autres, enfin, l’admettent sous conditions à déterminer. D’aucuns s’en servent sans cesse, mais sans se douter

  13. Genève explore le centre de l'univers le CERN nourrit les espoirs des physiciens

    CERN Multimedia

    Koller, A

    2004-01-01

    "Si Albert Einstein vivait encore, il emménagerait sans doute à Genève ou en France voisine, au moins pour les quinze prochaines années. Moins pour célébrer dès aujourd'hui les 50 ans du CERN que pour travailler dès 2007 avec le Large hadron Collder (LHC)"(1/2 page)

  14. Prévalence, facteurs associés et prédisposant au syndrome ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Introduction: Le syndrome métabolique est associé aux maladies cardiovasculaires. L'infection au VIH est devenue aujourd'hui une maladie chronique. L'objectif de cette étude est de déterminer la prévalence, les facteurs associés et prédisposant au syndrome métabolique chez les patients infectés par le VIH sous ...

  15. 1302-IJBCS-Article-Mathieu Gueye

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    KODJIO NORBERT

    La constipation est une pathologie bien connue de la médecine traditionnelle africaine. Pour la traiter, on utilise à la fois les ressources naturelles aujourd'hui fortement menacées et les savoirs traditionnels. La technique des entretiens ouverts semi-structurés a été partout utilisée. Nous avons interrogé entre 2008 et 2010.

  16. 506-IJBCS-Article-Ines Edna deleke KOKO

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    INTRODUCTION. Au Bénin, comme dans la plupart des pays d'Afrique ou en voie de développement, les populations se soignent avec les plantes médicinales. Encore aujourd'hui, plus de 80% de la population ouest-africaine dépend de la médecine traditionnelle en cas de maladie. (Akerele, 1991, 1993 ; Sofowora, 1996 ...

  17. Là où compte chaque goutte de pluie – la gestion des risques ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    10 nov. 2011 ... Je consulte chaque jour notre pluviomètre et je prends des notes, dit-elle. Autrefois, les prévisions de la météo, c'était pour beaucoup d'entre nous comme un tambour qu'on entendait au loin, mais aujourd'hui on comprend bien le message. Ça nous aide à prédire la quantité de pluie que nous allons ...

  18. Une force venant du futur chercherait à saboter l'expérience du LHC...

    CERN Multimedia

    Scappaticci, Bruno

    2009-01-01

    "A quelques jours de la reprise de l'expérience du LHC, on ne parle plus de la menace d'un trou noir, mais deux physicines souteinnent aujourd'hui une tout autres hypothèse: la nature, depuis le futur, va continuer de contrarier les travaux du Cern, afin d'éviter à l'Homme de mettre le doigt là où il ne faut pas..." (1.5 pages)

  19. La maîtrise des sciences de l'environnement au Moyen-Orient ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    17 janv. 2011 ... En outre, Peter Johnson, ancien professeur de géographie à l'Université Carleton, aujourd'hui retraité, a consulté plusieurs personnes qui connaissent bien et la Jordanie et le Canada afin de tracer les grandes lignes du programme de maîtrise destiné à l'Université du Yarmouk. Ouvrir les portes aux ...

  20. Favoriser l'entrepreneuriat | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    10 avr. 2014 ... Pour comprendre les entrepreneurs d'aujourd'hui, il suffit de s'en remettre au Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM). Lancé en 1999, le projet GEM constitue la plus longue étude sur l'entrepreneuriat au monde; elle s'appuie sur les travaux de plus de 300 chercheurs dans 99 pays. Dans ses enquêtes ...

  1. COmmunications and Networking with QUantum operationally Secure Technology for Maritime Deployment (CONQUEST)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-12-02

    in Computer Science, 4392:456–478, February 2007. arXiv:quant-ph/0608199. [15] Renato Renner, Nicolas Gisin, and Barbara Kraus. Information-theoretic...Letters 18, 1896-1898 (1993). [2] R. Nair, S. Guha, and Si-Hui Tan , ”Realizable receivers for discriminating arbitrary coherent-state waveforms and multi-copy quantum states near the quantum limit”, Phys. Rev. A 89, 032318 (2014).

  2. Response to Bile Salts in Clinical Strains of Acinetobacter baumannii Lacking the AdeABC Efflux Pump: Virulence Associated with Quorum Sensing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria López

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Introduction:Acinetobacter baumannii is an opportunistic nosocomial pathogen associated with multiple infections. This pathogen usually colonizes (first stage of microbial infection host tissues that are in contact with the external environment. As one of the sites of entry in human hosts is the gastrointestinal tract, the pathogen must be capable of tolerating bile salts. However, studies analyzing the molecular characteristics involved in the response to bile salts in clinical strains of A. baumannii are scarce.Material and Methods: Microbiological and transcriptional studies (arrays and RT-PCR in the response to bile salts were carried out in isogenic (A. baumanni ΔadeB ATCC 17978 and A. baumannii ΔadeL ATCC 17978 and clinical strains from clone ST79/PFGE-HUI-1 which is characterized by lacking the AdeABC efflux pump and by overexpression the AdeFGH efflux pump.Results and Discussion: In presence of bile salts, in addition to the glutamate/aspartate transporter were found overexpressed in A. baumannii ΔadeB ATCC 17978, the virulence factors (surface motility, biofilm, and Type VI Secretion System which are associated with activation of the Quorum Sensing system. Overexpression of these factors was confirmed in clinical strains of clone ST79/PFGE-HUI-1.Conclusions: This the first study about the adaptive response to bile salts investigating the molecular and microbiological characteristics in response to bile salts of an isogenic model of A. baumannii ATCC 17978 and clinical isolates of A. baumannii (clinical strains of ST79/PFGE-HUI-1 lacking the main RND efflux pump (AdeABC. Clinical isolates of A. baumannii lacking the AdeABC efflux pump (clone ST79/PFGE-HUI-1 displayed a new clinical profile (increased invasiveness possibly associated with the response to stress conditions (such as the presence of bile salts.

  3. Response to Bile Salts in Clinical Strains of Acinetobacter baumannii Lacking the AdeABC Efflux Pump: Virulence Associated with Quorum Sensing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    López, Maria; Blasco, Lucia; Gato, Eva; Perez, Astrid; Fernández-Garcia, Laura; Martínez-Martinez, Luis; Fernández-Cuenca, Felipe; Rodríguez-Baño, Jesús; Pascual, Alvaro; Bou, German; Tomás, Maria

    2017-01-01

    Introduction: Acinetobacter baumannii is an opportunistic nosocomial pathogen associated with multiple infections. This pathogen usually colonizes (first stage of microbial infection) host tissues that are in contact with the external environment. As one of the sites of entry in human hosts is the gastrointestinal tract, the pathogen must be capable of tolerating bile salts. However, studies analyzing the molecular characteristics involved in the response to bile salts in clinical strains of A. baumannii are scarce. Material and Methods: Microbiological and transcriptional studies (arrays and RT-PCR) in the response to bile salts were carried out in isogenic ( A. baumanni Δ adeB ATCC 17978 and A. baumannii Δ adeL ATCC 17978) and clinical strains from clone ST79/PFGE-HUI-1 which is characterized by lacking the AdeABC efflux pump and by overexpression the AdeFGH efflux pump. Results and Discussion: In presence of bile salts, in addition to the glutamate/aspartate transporter were found overexpressed in A. baumannii Δ adeB ATCC 17978, the virulence factors (surface motility, biofilm, and Type VI Secretion System) which are associated with activation of the Quorum Sensing system. Overexpression of these factors was confirmed in clinical strains of clone ST79/PFGE-HUI-1. Conclusions: This the first study about the adaptive response to bile salts investigating the molecular and microbiological characteristics in response to bile salts of an isogenic model of A. baumannii ATCC 17978 and clinical isolates of A. baumannii (clinical strains of ST79/PFGE-HUI-1) lacking the main RND efflux pump (AdeABC). Clinical isolates of A. baumannii lacking the AdeABC efflux pump (clone ST79/PFGE-HUI-1) displayed a new clinical profile (increased invasiveness) possibly associated with the response to stress conditions (such as the presence of bile salts).

  4. Des rebuts lucratifs : la réduction et l'utilisation des prises accessoires

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    28 oct. 2010 ... Aujourd'hui, grâce à des recherches appuyées par le CRDI, la capture involontaire de poissons a diminué et davantage de prises accessoires sont transformées pour la consommation humaine. Il y a peu de temps, partout dans le monde, les pêcheurs commerciaux rejetaient à l'eau bon nombre des ...

  5. 489-IJBCS-Article-Toussaient Lougbegnon

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    effet, ces espèces auraient intégré les habitudes alimentaires de ces populations lors de la sécheresse des années 80 où les terres des basses vallées seules offraient des conditions propices à ces espèces. Aujourd'hui, la consommation de ces espèces se fait sans souvenir des conditions qui l'ont engendré ; ce qui de ce ...

  6. Virtual surgical planning and 3D printing in prosthetic orbital reconstruction with percutaneous implants: a technical case report

    OpenAIRE

    Huang, Yu-Hui; Seelaus, Rosemary; Zhao, Linping; Patel, Pravin K; Cohen, Mimis

    2016-01-01

    Yu-Hui Huang,1,2 Rosemary Seelaus,1,2 Linping Zhao,1,2 Pravin K Patel,1,2 Mimis Cohen1,2 1The Craniofacial Center, Department of Surgery, Division of Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, University of Illinois Hospital & Health Sciences System, 2University of Illinois College of Medicine at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA Abstract: Osseointegrated titanium implants to the cranial skeleton for retention of facial prostheses have proven to be a reliable replacement for adhesive systems. ...

  7. IDRC starts new work in ASEAN | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    4 août 2016 ... Transformer les chaînes de valeur en avantages sociaux en Asie du SudEst. Les chaînes de valeur mondiales, qui constituent aujourd'hui la plus importante part du commerce mondial, se composent de producteurs et d'entreprises qui créent des biens comme entrants destinés à.

  8. Comment les travaux de recherche subventionnés par le CRDI ont ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    25 oct. 2010 ... Une vision planétaire pour les petites entreprises d'Égypte. Autrefois ignorées et sous-évaluées, les petites entreprises sont aujourd'hui à l'avant-plan des préoccupations alors que l'Égypte prend des mesure. Voir davantageUne vision planétaire pour les petites entreprises d'Égypte ...

  9. Résultats de recherche | Page 438 | CRDI - Centre de recherches ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Les pays en développement accusent encore aujourd'hui beaucoup de retard par rapport aux pays développés concernant l'usage généralisé des technologies de l'information, et en particulier la mise en place de systèmes de gouvernement électronique (. Publication Date. 29 avril 2014. Livres.

  10. Résultats de recherche | Page 66 | CRDI - Centre de recherches ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Parvenir à une réelle égalité entre les sexes en ce qui concerne la santé des adolescents. Le monde n'a jamais compté autant de jeunes (de 10 à 24 ans) ayant atteint l'âge de la reproduction qu'aujourd'hui. Perspectives. Environment CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION Climate change Civil society ...

  11. Résultats de recherche | Page 441 | CRDI - Centre de recherches ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Les pays en développement accusent encore aujourd'hui beaucoup de retard par rapport aux pays développés concernant l'usage généralisé des technologies de l'information, et en particulier la mise en place de systèmes de gouvernement électronique (. Publication Date. 29 avril 2014. Livres.

  12. Entretien avec Shafika Isaacs sur la transformation de l'éducation en ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    4 févr. 2011 ... Aujourd'hui, beaucoup de gouvernements parlent de stratégies macroéconomiques ainsi que de stratégies de l'éducation et du perfectionnement des ressources humaines. Nous pensons qu'il faut tenir compte, dans l'élaboration de ces stratégies, du rôle que peuvent jouer les TIC dans l'amélioration de ...

  13. The construct validity of the health utilities index mark 3 in assessing health status in lung transplantation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zuk Dalyce

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Purpose To assess the cross-sectional construct validity of the Health Utilities Index Mark 3 (HUI3 in lung transplantation. Methods Two hundred and thirteen patients (103 pre-transplant and 110 post-transplant with mean age 53 years old (SD 13 were recruited during a randomized controlled clinical trial at the out-patient clinic in a tertiary institution. At baseline, patients self-completed measures that included the HUI3, EuroQol EQ-5D, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS and socio-demographic questionnaire. Six-minute walk test scores and forced expiratory volume in 1 second data were collected from patient's medical records. A priori hypotheses were formulated by members of the transplant team about the expected degree of association between the measures. Correlation coefficients of Results Of the ninety predictions made, forty three were correct but in 31 the correlation was slightly lower than predicted and in 7 the correlations were much higher than predicted. In 48% of the cases, predicted and observed associations were in agreement. Predictions of associations were off by one category in 42% of the cases; in 10% of the cases the predictions were off by two categories. Conclusions This is the first study providing evidence of cross-sectional construct validity of HUI3 in lung transplantation. Results indicate that the HUI3 was able to capture the burden of lung disease before transplantation and that post-transplant patients enjoyed higher health-related quality of life than pre-transplant patients.

  14. Nouvelles de l'Italie sur la linguistique et l'education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raffaele Simone

    1984-12-01

    Full Text Available L'auteur donne. des informations sur l'état actuel des débats concernant le développement du langage dans l'école italienne d'aujourd'hui, et prop6se U:ne "nouvelle" notion de linguistique appliquée, considérée en tant que confrontation de systèmes de sens, plutôt de systèmes de formes.

  15. 雲南回族における呪術的治療行為について― 呪術とモダニティ論を用いた整理

    OpenAIRE

    木村, 自

    2008-01-01

    This paper tries to clarify the field data concerning the healing practices of Hui or Chinese Muslims in a rural village in Yunnan province. Two points are significant for analyzing healing practices in the study of anthropology: first, interface between traditional healings and the modernization both of medicine and religion, and second, embracement of the otherness in the narratives of healings. Traditional healings have been marginalized from those two modernist discourses. In response to ...

  16. Managing Small-Scale Fisheries : Alternative Directions and Methods

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    L'humanité est de plus en plus tributaire des ressources marines et côtières. Les petites entreprises de pêche emploient aujourd'hui 50 des 51 millions de pêcheurs du monde, qui se trouvent pratiquement tous dans des pays en développement. Ensemble, ils produisent plus de la moitié des prises annuelles mondiales de ...

  17. UIE [)OO() VA~ GE~ER,L\\AL [)E LA

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    op die leiding van hulle offisiere moes ver- trou, wat ook al mag gebeur. 48. Dit is beweer dat De la Rey, wat bewus was van Kemp se houding in verband met die aanval op Suidwes-Afrika, die woorde gebe- sig het omdat hy geweet het dat Kemp die kamp tot rebellie sou oproep.'o. De la Rey het die nag by Kemp aan huis.

  18. un_focus - Les semences du monde : L'amélioration participative ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Sur près de 250 000 variétés végétales propres à la culture, on n'en cultive aujourd'hui qu'environ 7 000, soit moins de 3 %. ... fondamentales, de la conception des projets in situ aux droits des agriculteurs et des phytogénéticiens, et fait valoir l'importance de nouvelles lois et politiques à l'appui des objectifs énoncés.

  19. A facile method to prepare superparamagnetic iron oxide and hydrophobic drug-encapsulated biodegradable polyurethane nanoparticles

    OpenAIRE

    Cheng,Kuo-Wei; Hsu,Shan-hui

    2017-01-01

    Kuo-Wei Cheng, Shan-hui Hsu Institute of Polymer Science and Engineering, College of Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China Abstract: Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIO NPs) have a wide range of biomedical applications such as in magnetic resonance imaging, targeting, and hyperthermia therapy. Aggregation of SPIO NPs can occur because of the hydrophobic surface and high surface energy of SPIO NPs. Here, we developed a facile method to encaps...

  20. Paludisme et Agriculture au Kenya

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Nancy Minogue

    Justus Mwangi n'ira pas travailler à la rizière aujourd'hui. Dans le miroitement du chaud soleil de midi, il reste plutôt à l'ombre d'un arbre à discuter du plus grave problème de santé qui frappe son village : le paludisme. « C'est une maladie handicapante parce qu'elle nous empêche de marcher. Elle provoque des maux de.

  1. Économie | Page 23 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Colour. #2C81B5. Le G8 (Allemagne, Angleterre, Canada, États-Unis, France, Italie, Japon, Russie et Union européenne) est aujourd'hui le principal vecteur politique de la mondialisation. Il est également la force politique qui soutient le plus fermement les institutions multilatérales façonnant la gouvernance économique ...

  2. ÉTUDE DE CAS – Côte d'Ivoire : De la forêt aux champs en Côte d ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    11 janv. 2011 ... Aujourd'hui, Buyo fait partie de la « nouvelle ceinture du café et du cacao » de la Côte d'Ivoire et est devenu un pôle d'attraction pour les immigrants. La plupart y viennent en quête de terres où s'adonner aux cultures marchandes. Certains trouvent du travail dans lesexploitations forestières ou dans les ...

  3. Journal of Genetics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    pp 85-91 Research Article. Cloning and study of adult-tissue-specific expression of Sox9 in Cyprinus carpio · Du Qi-Yan Wang Feng-Yu Hua Hui-Ying Chang Zhong-Jie · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. The Sox9 gene is one of the important transcription factors in the development of many tissues and organs, particularly ...

  4. Colloque international 11 et 12 mai 2007, Université de Lausanne - French version only

    CERN Document Server

    2007-01-01

    Hannah Arendt, 100e anniversaire (1906-2006) Pouvoir, Guerre, Pensée et Jugement politique au XXe et XXIe siècles, (re)lire l'oeuvre d'Hannah Arendt aujourd'hui Conférences plénières, ateliers, soirée publique, exposition, musique, venez nombreux Informations sur le thème du Colloque et inscription sur la page web http://www.unil.ch/arendtsuisse2007

  5. Atlas de la science et de l'innovation dans le monde musulman ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    À travers les âges, les érudits et les chercheurs du monde musulman ont été des chefs de file dans les domaines de la médecine, de l'astronomie et des mathématiques. Aujourd'hui toutefois, de nombreux pays comptant une forte population musulmane se classent au-dessous de la moyenne mondiale en ce qui concerne ...

  6. Caféiculture : il faut veiller au grain | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    31 janv. 2011 ... Dans les années 1960, les tentatives visant à éliminer le cercle vicieux de la pauvreté dans lequel les caféiculteurs se trouvaient piégés ont donné naissance au mouvement en faveur du commerce équitable. Aujourd'hui, quelque 800 000 producteurs de plus de 45 pays travaillent en fonction des normes ...

  7. Répercussions de la libéralisation du commerce des services sur le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Répercussions de la libéralisation du commerce des services sur le développement. La documentation économique a démontré l'importance du secteur des services dans le processus de croissance économique et de développement social. Le principal défi auquel sont confrontés aujourd'hui les pays en développement ...

  8. Fait et chiffres sur l'alimentation et la biodiversité | CRDI - Centre de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    alimentation et l'agriculture (FAO) estime que, sur près de 250 000 variétés végétales propres à la culture, on n'en cultive aujourd'hui qu'environ 7 000, soit moins de 3 %. Le non-usage mène à l'abandon et, éventuellement, ...

  9. L'étude des dangers : contenu, limites et spécificités françaises

    OpenAIRE

    Farret , Régis

    2008-01-01

    National audience; Il ne s'agit pas aujourd'hui de présenter par le menu ce qu'est une étude de dangers, mais de prendre un peu de recul pour exposer la méthode d'analyse des risques qu'est l'étude de dangers et de montrer les particularités françaises avec un regard sur ce qui passe ailleurs en Europe.

  10. Agriculture urbaine : Rosario, en Argentine, récolte les fruits de ses ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    7 oct. 2010 ... C'est en cultivant leur propre potager que des milliers de familles de la ville de Rosario, en Argentine, sont parvenues à se nourrir tout au long de la crise économique qui a récemment frappé leur pays. La ville compte aujourd'hui plus de 800 jardins communautaires qui, en plus de nourrir quelque 40 000 ...

  11. Réduction de la malnutrition et retour à une diversité biologique et ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Le défi. En Inde, beaucoup de personnes pauvres vivent dans des régions rurales fortement tributaires de l'agriculture. Or, la grande diversité des cultures traditionnellement pratiquées dans ces régions est aujourd'hui fréquemment mise à mal par les politiques gouvernementales, qui encouragent la culture du riz et du blé.

  12. Changing patient safety culture in China: a case study of an experimental Chinese hospital from a comparative perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Xu XP; Deng DN; Gu YH; Ng CS; Cai X; Xu J; Zhang XS; Ke DG; Yu QH; Chan CK

    2018-01-01

    Xiao Ping Xu,* Dong Ning Deng,* Yong Hong Gu, Chui Shan Ng, Xiao Cai, Jun Xu, Xin Shi Zhang, Dong Ge Ke, Qian Hui Yu, Chi Kuen Chan Clinical Service Department, The University of Hong Kong - Shenzhen Hospital, Shenzhen, Guangdong, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Background: The World Health Organization highlights that patient safety interventions are not lacking but that the local context affects their successful implementation. Increasing att...

  13. Treatment decision-making among breast cancer patients in Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Nies YH; Islahudin F; Chong WW; Abdullah N; Ismail F; Ahmad Bustamam RS; Wong YF; Saladina JJ; Mohamed Shah N

    2017-01-01

    Yong Hui Nies,1 Farida Islahudin,1 Wei Wen Chong,1 Norlia Abdullah,2 Fuad Ismail,3 Ros Suzanna Ahmad Bustamam,4 Yoke Fui Wong,5 JJ Saladina,2 Noraida Mohamed Shah1 1Faculty of Pharmacy, 2Department of Surgery, 3Department of Radiotherapy and Oncology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, 4Department of Radiotherapy and Oncology, Hospital Kuala Lumpur, Kuala Lumpur, 5Department of Radiotherapy and Oncology, National Cancer Institute, Putrajaya, Malaysia Purpose: This study investig...

  14. Asie | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le développement ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ... défis agricoles, environnementaux, technologiques, sociaux et économiques de l'Asie. Grâce à nos investissements stratégiques, nous aidons les acteurs régionaux à participer plus efficacement à résolution des problèmes régionaux. Qu'en résulte-t-il ? Des dirigeants régionaux forts, pour aujourd'hui et pour demain.

  15. « Le Virgile de l’Amérique »

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernard Vincent

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Paul Goodman (1911-1972 est une importante figure du paysage intellectuel des années 40 à 60. On lui doit des ouvrages sur de nombreux sujets, dont la Gestalt Therapy (1951, mais il est aujourd’hui surtout connu pour son analyse de la jeunesse des années 50 dans Growing Up Absurd (1960 et pour son roman-fresque The Empire City (1959.

  16. Epistemic craftwork, or when is good journalism bad public relations?

    OpenAIRE

    Srader, Doyle

    2009-01-01

    In April 2007, Seung-Hui Cho mailed a video, several photographs and a lengthy written document to NBC News while in the middle of his infamous shooting spree at Virginia Tech. NBC News president Steve Capus decided to air the footage, which unleashed a torrent of criticism from citizens, law enforcement, commentators, and even Capus' fellow news executives at the other networks. I examine the argumentative exchange between Capus and his colleagues for clues about the professional ideal and e...

  17. [Variation of CAG repeats in coding region of ATXN2 gene in different ethnic groups].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Xiao-Chen; Sun, Hao; Mi, Dong-Qing; Huang, Xiao-Qin; Lin, Ke-Qin; Yi, Wen; Yu, Liang; Shi, Lei; Shi, Li; Yang, Zhao-Qing; Chu, Jia-You

    2011-04-01

    Toinvestigate CAG repeats variation of ATXN2 gene coding region in six ethnic groups that live in comparatively different environments, to evaluate whether these variations are under positive selection, and to find factors driving selection effects, 291 unrelated healthy individuals were collected from six ethnic groups and their STR geneotyping was performed. The frequencies of alleles and genotypes were counted and thereby Slatkin's linearized Fst values were calculated. The UPGMA tree against this gene was constructed. The MDS analysis among these groups was carried out as well. The results from the linearized Fst values indicated that there were significant evolutionary differences of the STR in ATXN2 gene between Hui and Yi groups, but not among the other 4 groups. Further analysis was performed by combining our data with published data obtained from other groups. These results indicated that there were significant differences between Japanese and other groups including Hui, Hani, Yunnan Mongolian, and Inner Mongolian. Both Hui and Mongolian from Inner Mongolia were significantly different from Han. In conclusion, the six ethnic groups had their own distribution characterizations of allelic frequencies of ATXN2 STR, and the potential cause of frequency changes in rare alleles could be the consequence of positive selection.

  18. Five preference-based indexes in cataract and heart failure patients were not equally responsive to change.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaplan, Robert M; Tally, Steven; Hays, Ron D; Feeny, David; Ganiats, Theodore G; Palta, Mari; Fryback, Dennis G

    2011-05-01

    To compare the responsiveness to clinical change of five widely used preference-based health-related quality-of-life indexes in two longitudinal cohorts. Five generic instruments were simultaneously administered to 376 adults undergoing cataract surgery and 160 adults in heart failure management programs. Patients were assessed at baseline and reevaluated after 1 and 6 months. The measures were the Short Form (SF)-6D (based on responses scored from SF-36v2), Self-Administered Quality of Well-being Scale (QWB-SA), the EuroQol-5D developed by the EuroQol Group, the Health Utilities Indexes Mark 2 (HUI2) and Mark 3 (HUI3). Cataract patients completed the National Eye Institute Visual Functioning Questionnaire-25, and heart failure patients completed the Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire. Responsiveness was estimated by the standardized response mean. For cataract patients, mean changes between baseline and 1-month follow-up for the generic indices ranged from 0.00 (SF-6D) to 0.052 (HUI3) and were statistically significant for all indexes except the SF-6D. For heart failure patients, only the SF-6D showed significant change from baseline to 1 month, whereas only the QWB-SA change was significant between 1 and 6 months. Preference-based methods for measuring health outcomes are not equally responsive to change. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Comparing population health in the United States and Canada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huguet Nathalie

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The objective of the paper is to compare population health in the United States (US and Canada. Although the two countries are very similar in many ways, there are potentially important differences in the levels of social and economic inequality and the organization and financing of and access to health care in the two countries. Methods Data are from the Joint Canada/United States Survey of Health 2002/03. The Health Utilities Index Mark 3 (HUI3 was used to measure overall health-related quality of life (HRQL. Mean HUI3 scores were compared, adjusting for major determinants of health, including body mass index, smoking, education, gender, race, and income. In addition, estimates of life expectancy were compared. Finally, mean HUI3 scores by age and gender and Canadian and US life tables were used to estimate health-adjusted life expectancy (HALE. Results Life expectancy in Canada is higher than in the US. For those Conclusions The population of Canada appears to be substantially healthier than the US population with respect to life expectancy, HRQL, and HALE. Factors that account for the difference may include access to health care over the full life span (universal health insurance and lower levels of social and economic inequality, especially among the elderly.

  20. Changes in quality of life into adulthood after very preterm birth and/or very low birth weight in the Netherlands

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Background It is important to know the impact of Very Preterm (VP) birth or Very Low Birth Weight (VLBW). The purpose of this study is to evaluate changes in Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) of adults born VP or with a VLBW, between age 19 and age 28. Methods The 1983 nationwide Dutch Project On Preterm and Small for gestational age infants (POPS) cohort of 1338 VP (gestational age LHS) and the WHOQoL-BREF. Multiple imputation was applied to correct for missing data and non-response. Results The mean HUI3 and LHS scores did not change significantly from age 19 to age 28. However, after multiple imputation, a significant, though not clinically relevant, increase of 0.02 on the overall HUI3 score was found. The mean HRQoL score measured with the HUI3 increased from 0.83 at age 19 to 0.85 at age 28. The lowest score on the WHOQoL was the psychological domain (74.4). Conclusions Overall, no important changes in HRQoL between age 19 and age 28 were found in the POPS cohort. Psychological and emotional problems stand out, from which recommendation for interventions could be derived. PMID:23531081

  1. Multiattribute health utility scoring for the computerized adaptive measure CAT-5D-QOL was developed and validated.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kopec, Jacek A; Sayre, Eric C; Rogers, Pamela; Davis, Aileen M; Badley, Elizabeth M; Anis, Aslam H; Abrahamowicz, Michal; Russell, Lara; Rahman, Md Mushfiqur; Esdaile, John M

    2015-10-01

    The CAT-5D-QOL is a previously reported item response theory (IRT)-based computerized adaptive tool to measure five domains (attributes) of health-related quality of life. The objective of this study was to develop and validate a multiattribute health utility (MAHU) scoring method for this instrument. The MAHU scoring system was developed in two stages. In phase I, we obtained standard gamble (SG) utilities for 75 hypothetical health states in which only one domain varied (15 states per domain). In phase II, we obtained SG utilities for 256 multiattribute states. We fit a multiplicative regression model to predict SG utilities from the five IRT domain scores. The prediction model was constrained using data from phase I. We validated MAHU scores by comparing them with the Health Utilities Index Mark 3 (HUI3) and directly measured utilities and by assessing between-group discrimination. MAHU scores have a theoretical range from -0.842 to 1. In the validation study, the scores were, on average, higher than HUI3 utilities and lower than directly measured SG utilities. MAHU scores correlated strongly with the HUI3 (Spearman ρ = 0.78) and discriminated well between groups expected to differ in health status. Results reported here provide initial evidence supporting the validity of the MAHU scoring system for the CAT-5D-QOL. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI for monitoring future liver remnant function after portal vein embolization and extended hemihepatectomy: A prospective trial

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Geisel, Dominik; Raabe, Philip; Hamm, Bernd; Denecke, Timm [Charite Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Berlin (Germany); Luedemann, Lutz [Essen University Hospital, Department of Medical Physics, Essen (Germany); Malinowski, Maciej; Stockmann, Martin; Seehofer, Daniel; Pratschke, Johann [Charite Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Department of General, Visceral and Transplantation Surgery, Berlin (Germany)

    2017-07-15

    To evaluate changes in liver function after right portal vein embolization (PVE) and extended right hemihepatectomy using gadolinium ethoxybenzyl-DTPA-enhanced (Gd-EOB-DTPA) MRI. In this prospective trial, 37 patients undergoing PVE were examined before and 14 and 28 days after PVE and 10 days after extended hemihepatectomy using Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI. Lobar volume, kinetic growth rate (KGR), relative enhancement (RE) as well as hepatocellular uptake index (HUI) and fat signal fraction (FSF) were calculated for each lobe. RE of the left liver lobe (LLL) was steadily increasing after PVE and decreased to 0.48 ± 0.19 10 days after surgery, which is significantly lower than 14 days and 28 days post PVE (P < 0.05). KGR was 14.06 ± 9.82%/week for the period from PVE to 14 days after PVE. HUI of the LLL increased steadily after PVE and was significantly higher at both 14 and 28 days after PVE compared to pre PVE (P < 0.05). HUI of the residual liver after surgery was lower than before. Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI may be used to monitor the functional increase in the FLR after PVE and to depict the intraoperative liver injury leading to a decrease in liver remnant function. (orig.)

  3. Developmental immunotoxicity is not associated with the consumption of transgenic Bt rice TT51 in rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Jing; Liang, Chunlai; Zhang, Xiaopeng; Zhang, Qiannan; Cui, Wenming; Yu, Zhou

    2018-04-01

    TT51 is a transgenic strain of Bt rice generated by fusing a synthetic CryAb/Ac gene into MingHui rice. In this study, rats from F0, F1, and F2 generations were fed a diet with 60% TT51 rice, MingHui rice, or nominal-origin rice. The study focused on developmental immunotoxicity in F1 and F2 offspring after long-term consumption of TT51. A wide range of immunological parameters was monitored in this two-generation study on reproductive toxicity. The experiments were performed on F1 and F2 offspring at postnatal days 21 and 42. No adverse clinical effects were observed in any of the experimental groups. In addition, histopathology observations and immunotoxicity tests, including hematological indicators, spleen lymphocyte subsets, natural killer cell activity, lymphoproliferative response, and plaque-forming cell assay, revealed no significant difference between the groups. These results indicated that developmental immunotoxicity was not associated with a diet of transgenic Bt rice TT51, compared to the parental MingHui rice. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. L'argument Einstein Podolsky Rosen (EPR) paradoxe, alternative et demonstration

    CERN Document Server

    Roussel, P

    2003-01-01

    En physique quantique, l'absence d'observation d'etats de superposition ne devrait etre une surprise pour personne, que les objets soient microscopiques ou macroscopiques. Cela n'en etait pas une pour Schroedinger. L'experience de pensee "du chat" parmi bien d'autres arguments le montre clairement. On ne doit pas aujourd'hui lui faire dire le contraire. L'article EPR (A.Einstein, B.Podolsky,N.Rosen, ecrit en 1935), qui est a l'origine de l'intervention de Schroedinger et du developpement d'une problematique qui se prolonge jusqu'a aujourd'hui, est analyse. Avec Schroedinger, Bohr, Wigner et jusqu'a aujourd'hui, la reponse a EPR a ete le recours renouvele a l'observateur finalement caracterise par sa conscience. Deux elements nouveaux sont apparus: d'une part un developpement experimental et theorique impressionnant avec l'optique quantique et les manipulations d'atomes, d'autre part la proposition du concept de decoherence susceptible d'expliquer le passage du microscopique au macroscopique et par la d'apport...

  5. Assessing the Quality of Life Using the Health Utilities Index Questionnaire in Children With Severe Persistent Asthma During the Treatment With Omalizumab

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leyla S. Namazova-Baranova

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Quality of life (QoL is an important parameter that provides additional information about changes in health status. Objective. Our aim was to study the change in QoL of patients with severe persistent bronchial asthma (BA during the treatment with genetically engineered biological preparation (GIBP omalizumab in addition to daily background therapy. Methods. The QoL assessment was conducted using the Health Utilities Index Mark 3 and Mark 2 (HUI3, HUI2 questionnaires at two points (1st point and 2nd point — in 6 months in 47 children with severe BA at the age of 13 (7; 17 years, 72% of them are boys. At the same points, QoL was evaluated using the PAQLQ (S specialized pediatric questionnaire (Standardized Pediatric Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire. Results. Depending on the duration of omalizumab therapy, all children were divided into 5 groups: 1st group — children who did not receive treatment with monoclonal antibodies at the 1st point; in 2, 3, 4, 5-th groups, the QoL assessment was performed on GIBP treatment for different time. In children of the 1st group whose QoL was evaluated before starting GIBP therapy and in 6 months, a statistically significant change in scores on the Health Utilities Index questionnaire was noted: the multi-attribute indices HUI2 and HUI3 improved, respectively, by 21.3 and 10.71% (p = 0.041 and 0.086. According to the HUI2 classification system, a significant improvement in the emotion attribute was revealed, which positively correlated with the overall indicator and the emotion indicator of the PAQLQ (S questionnaire. In the remaining groups, the indicators of the Health Utilities Index questionnaire did not change significantly. Conclusion. The study results showed that the dynamics of the quality of life in children with severe persistent BA is an important additional criterion in a comprehensive assessment of the efficacy of targeted bioengineering therapy. 

  6. [Secular trends of height among Chinese students aged 17 in 18 ethnic minorities from 1985 to 2010].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Yi; Hu, Pei-jin; Zhang, Bing; Ma, Jun

    2015-06-18

    To analyze the secular trends of height among Chinese students aged 17 in different ethnic minorities from 1985 to 2010. A total of 18 Chinese ethnic minorities' students, including Mongolian, Hui, Uygur, Zhuang, Korean, Tibetan, Miao, Buyi, Dong, Bai, Tujia, Hani, Dai, Lisu, Wa, Nakhi, Tu and Qiang as subjects were sampled from the 1985, 1995, 2000, 2005 and 2010 Chinese National Surveys on Students' Constitution and Health. The heights of 17 years old people by gender in various ethnic minorities were analyzed and compared. From 1985 to 2010, the increments of adult heights increased significantly in many ethnic minorities' boys. In 2010, the average height of boys aged 17 years in each minority group was higher than 162 cm and was higher than 170 cm among boys from Hui, Mongolian and Korean groups. The ethnics with height growth rates of more than 2 cm per decade in boys were Hui (2.64 cm/decade) and Dong (2.05 cm/decade) and the ethnics with height growth rates of more than 1 cm per decade were Korean (1.99 cm/decade), Tibetan (1.90 cm/decade), Hani (1.80 cm/decade) and the other 9 minority groups. The average height of girls aged 17 years in each minority group was higher than 150 cm in 2010. The heights showed an upward trend in 15 minority groups, but with different degrees. The ethnics with height growth rates of more than 1 cm per decade were Hui (1.56 cm/decade) and Korean (1.29 cm/decade). The increments that were significant between 1985 and 2010 were Hui (3.89 cm), Korean (3.23 cm), Dong (2.35 cm) and the other 6 minority groups (Pminority groups during the past 25 years, but there was an obvious disequilibrium among various ethnic minorities. We should pay more attention to the minority groups with poor growth and give them more help. Meanwhile, we should also pay attention to the negative effects of the secular growth trend on those minority groups with fast increasing adult height.

  7. A comparison of doctors', parents' and children's reports of health states and health-related quality of life in children with chronic conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morrow, A M; Hayen, A; Quine, S; Scheinberg, A; Craig, J C

    2012-03-01

    Health-related quality of life is an important outcome. Self-report is the gold standard, but in the paediatric setting we often rely on proxy reporting. Our understanding of the differences between self- and proxy reports and the factors that influence them is limited. These differences can impact on treatment choices and the patient-doctor relationship. To evaluate differences between children's, parents' and doctors' perceptions of health states and health-related quality of life in children with chronic illness and explore factors which explain these differences. Consecutive families attending eligible clinics at a tertiary paediatric centre were invited to complete the Health Utilities Index (HUI) 23 questionnaire. Percentage agreement and kappas were calculated as a measure of the agreement between pairs. Chi-squared tests or Fisher's exact test, if appropriate, were performed to determine if there was an association between level of agreement and participant variables. Data were collected for 130 parent-doctor pairs, 59 child-parent pairs and 59 child-doctor pairs. Overall health-related quality of life scores did not differ between responders, but there was poorer agreement for subjective domains. Doctor-child agreement was lower than parent-child agreement. Children with a diagnosis of cerebral palsy or chronic neurological condition were more likely to have lower inter-rater agreement for both subjective and objective domains. On the HUI2, agreement was lower for parent-child pairs when the father was the respondent. For child-doctor pairs, an increased frequency of patient-doctor visits and doctors' seniority were predictors of poorer agreement on the HUI3 and HUI2 respectively. We identified factors associated with level of agreement for self- and proxy reporting on the HUI23. Parent-child agreement was higher than doctor-child agreement. Patients with significant pain or emotional distress and patients with a diagnosis of severe cerebral palsy or

  8. Morphodynamics structures induced by variations of the channel width

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duro, Gonzalo; Crosato, Alessandra; Tassi, Pablo

    2014-05-01

    In alluvial channels, forcing effects, such as a longitudinally varying width, can induce the formation of steady bars (Olesen, 1984). The type of bars that form, such as alternate, central or multiple, will mainly depend on the local flow width-to-depth ratio and on upstream conditions (Struiksma et al., 1985). The effects on bar formation of varying the channel width received attention only recently and investigations, based on flume experiments and mathematical modelling, are mostly restricted to small longitudinal sinusoidal variations of the channel width (e.g. Repetto et al., 2002; Wu and Yeh, 2005, Zolezzi et al., 2012; Frascati and Lanzoni, 2013). In this work, we analyze the variations in equilibrium bed topography in a longitudinal width-varying channel with characteristic scales of the Waal River (The Netherlands) using two different 2D depth-averaged morphodynamic models, one based on the Delft3D code and one on Telemac-Mascaret system. In particular, we explore the effects of changing the wavelength of sinusoidal width variations in a straight channel, focusing on the effects of the spatial lag between bar formation and forcing that is observed in numerical models and laboratory experiments (e.g. Crosato et al, 2011). We extend the investigations to finite width variations in which longitudinal changes of the width-to-depth ratio are such that they may affect the type of bars that become unstable (alternate, central or multiple bars). Numerical results are qualitatively validated with field observations and the resulting morphodynamic pattern is compared with the physics-based predictor of river bar modes by Crosato and Mosselman (2009). The numerical models are finally used to analyse the experimental conditions of Wu and Yeh (2005). The study should be seen as merely exploratory. The aim is to investigate possible approaches for future research aiming at assessing the effects of artificial river widening and narrowing to control bar formation in

  9. Sensitivity of the solution of the Elder problem to density, velocity and numerical perturbations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Chan-Hee; Aral, Mustafa M.

    2007-06-01

    In this paper the Elder problem is studied with the purpose of evaluating the inherent instabilities associated with the numerical solution of this problem. Our focus is first on the question of the existence of a unique numerical solution for this problem, and second on the grid density and fluid density requirements necessary for a unique numerical solution. In particular we have investigated the instability issues associated with the numerical solution of the Elder problem from the following perspectives: (i) physical instability issues associated with density differences; (ii) sensitivity of the numerical solution to idealization irregularities; and, (iii) the importance of a precise velocity field calculation and the association of this process with the grid density levels that is necessary to solve the Elder problem accurately. In the study discussed here we have used a finite element Galerkin model we have developed for solving density-dependent flow and transport problems, which will be identified as TechFlow. In our study, the numerical results of Frolkovič and de Schepper [Frolkovič, P. and H. de Schepper, 2001. Numerical modeling of convection dominated transport coupled with density-driven flow in porous media, Adv. Water Resour., 24, 63-72.] were replicated using the grid density employed in their work. We were also successful in duplicating the same result with a less dense grid but with more computational effort based on a global velocity estimation process we have adopted. Our results indicate that the global velocity estimation approach recommended by Yeh [Yeh, G.-T., 1981. On the computation of Darcian velocity and mass balance in finite element modelling of groundwater flow, Water Resour. Res., 17(5), 1529-1534.] allows the use of less dense grids while obtaining the same accuracy that can be achieved with denser grids. We have also observed that the regularity of the elements in the discretization of the solution domain does make a difference

  10. Do generic utility measures capture what is important to the quality of life of people with multiple sclerosis?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuspinar, Ayse; Mayo, Nancy E

    2013-04-25

    The three most widely used utility measures are the Health Utilities Index Mark 2 and 3 (HUI2 and HUI3), the EuroQol-5D (EQ-5D) and the Short-Form-6D (SF-6D). In line with guidelines for economic evaluation from agencies such as the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) and the Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health (CADTH), these measures are currently being used to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of different interventions in MS. However, the challenge of using such measures in people with a specific health condition, such as MS, is that they may not capture all of the domains that are impacted upon by the condition. If important domains are missing from the generic measures, the value derived will be higher than the real impact creating invalid comparisons across interventions and populations. Therefore, the objective of this study is to estimate the extent to which generic utility measures capture important domains that are affected by MS. The available study population consisted of men and women who had been registered after 1994 in three participating MS clinics in Greater Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Subjects were first interviewed on an individualized measure of quality of life (QOL) called the Patient Generated Index (PGI). The domains identified with the PGI were then classified and grouped together using the World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), and mapped onto the HUI2, HUI3, EQ-5D and SF-6D. A total of 185 persons with MS were interviewed on the PGI. The sample was relatively young (mean age 43) and predominantly female. Both men and women had mild disability with a median Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score of 2. The top 10 domains that patients identified to be the most affected by their MS were, work (62%), fatigue (48%), sports (39%), social life (28%), relationships (23%), walking/mobility (22%), cognition (21%), balance (14%), housework (12

  11. Epilepsy and its Impact on psychosocial outcomes in Canadian children: Data from the National Longitudinal Study of Children and Youth (NLSCY).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prasad, A N; Corbett, B

    2016-12-01

    The purpose of this study was to use data from a population-based survey to evaluate the association between childhood epilepsy and social outcomes through tests of mathematics skills, and sense of general self-esteem (GSS). Using data from Cycles 1 to 8 of the National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth (NLSCY), Hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) was used to compare baseline math scores and changes in math scores and sense of general self esteem (GSS) over time in children with and without epilepsy. Scores of Health Utility Index (HUI) were factored into the analysis. Children with epilepsy do not significantly differ in their scaled math scores in comparison to their peers without epilepsy, at age 12; however, in the two level HLM model the children with epilepsy lagged behind the healthy comparison group in terms of their growth in acquiring knowledge in mathematics. Additionally, when children with epilepsy carry an added health impairment as measured by an imperfect health utility (HUI) score the group shows a slower rate of growth in their math scores over time. Self-esteem measures show variable effects in children with epilepsy alone, and those with added health impairments. The interaction with HUI scores shows a significant negative effect on self-esteem, when epilepsy is associated with added health impairment. The findings suggest that the population of Canadian children surveyed with epilepsy are vulnerable to poorer academic outcomes in mathematics in later years, and this problem is compounded further with the presence of other additional health impairments. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  12. Outcomes at 7 years for babies who developed neonatal necrotising enterocolitis: the ORACLE Children Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pike, Katie; Brocklehurst, Peter; Jones, David; Kenyon, Sarah; Salt, Alison; Taylor, David; Marlow, Neil

    2012-09-01

    Within the ORACLE Children Study Cohort, the authors have evaluated long-term consequences of the diagnosis of confirmed or suspected neonatal necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) at age of 7 years. Outcomes were assessed using a parental questionnaire, including the Health Utilities Index (HUI-3) to assess functional impairment, and specific medical and behavioural outcomes. Educational outcomes for children in England were explored using national standardised tests. Multiple logistic regression was used to explore independent associates of NEC within the cohort. The authors obtained data for 119 (77%) of 157 children following proven or suspected NEC and compared their outcomes with those of the remaining 6496 children. NEC was associated with an increase in risk of neonatal death (OR 14.6 (95% CI 10.4 to 20.6)). At 7 years, NEC conferred an increased risk of all grades of impairment. Adjusting for confounders, risks persisted for any HUI-3 defined functional impairment (adjusted OR 1.55 (1.05, 2.29)), particularly mild impairment (adjusted OR 1.61 (1.03, 2.53)) both in all NEC children and in those with proven NEC, which appeared to be independent. No behavioural or educational associations were confirmed. Following NEC, children were more likely to suffer bowel problems than non-NEC children (adjusted OR 3.96 (2.06, 7.61)). The ORACLE Children Study provided opportunity for the largest evaluation of school age outcome following neonatal NEC and demonstrates significant long-term consequences of both gut function (presence of stoma, admission for bowel problems and continuing medical care for gut-related problems) and motor, sensory and cognitive outcomes as measured using HUI-3.

  13. The health and quality of life outcomes among youth and young adults with cerebral palsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Nancy L; Rochon, Trista G; McCormick, Anna; Law, Mary; Wedge, John H; Fehlings, Darcy

    2010-01-01

    Young NL, Rochon TG, McCormick A, Law M, Wedge JH, Fehlings D. The health and quality of life outcomes among youth and young adults with cerebral palsy. To describe the health and quality of life (QoL) of youth and young adults who have cerebral palsy (CP), and to assess the impact of 3 key factors (severity, age, and sex) on these outcomes. Cross-sectional survey. Participants were identified from 6 children's treatment centers in Ontario. The sample of participants (N=199) included youth (n=129; age, 13-17y) and adults (n=70; age, 23-33y) with a broad range of severity: 35% mild, 19% moderate, and 47% severe. Not applicable. Health Utilities Index (HUI(3)), Assessment of Quality of Life (AQoL), and Self-Rated Health (SRH). SRH was reported to be excellent or very good by 57% of youth and 46% of adults. Mean HUI(3) scores were .30 for youth and .31 for adults. Mean AQoL scores were .28 for youth and adults. Severity of CP in childhood predicted 55% of the variance in HUI(3) scores and 45% of the variance in AQoL scores. Age and sex were not significant predictors of health or QoL. The observed health and QoL scores were much lower than those previously reported in the literature. This is likely a result of the inclusion of those with severe CP. The scores for youth were similar to those for adults and suggest that health and QoL outcomes were relatively stable across the transition to adulthood. Youth and adults with CP have limited health status and will require health care support throughout their lives to help them optimize their well being. Longitudinal follow-up studies are essential to understand better the patterns of health in this population over time. Copyright (c) 2010 American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Collaboration de chercheurs québécois et béninois contre le sida ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    12 oct. 2010 ... Au Bénin, il y a 20 ans, l'épidémie de VIH/sida faisait rage, et le pays manquait de tout pour l'endiguer. Aujourd'hui, la guerre au sida n'est pas encore terminée, mais de nombreux combats ont été gagnés. Et cela, entre autres, grâce à la ténacité de chercheurs comme Michel Alary, rattaché au Centre ...

  15. Proceedings of the International Congress/Actes du 6eme Congres International (6th) Held in Nice, France on 5-9 July 1993: Noise as a Public Health Problem. Volume 3

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-07-09

    connus dans le milieu du travail, les effets extra-auditifs, ceux qui nous intdressent aujourd’hui au premier chef , sont des effets qui apparaissent A...ne semble pas trop affectd par cc genre de charabia et d𔄀vidences, bien que des exc~s apparaissent de temps 4 autre. Ainsi, de nombreux chefs ...5). Some of the details are described in companion papers (Refs 6-9); this paper describes the study in broad terms. The main objective of the new

  16. Algues unicellulaires marines : composition et prospectives.- Xèmes journées européennes de cosmétologie : Produits marins et plantes en thérapeutique et cosmétologie, 27, 28 et 29 janvier 1986

    OpenAIRE

    Lassus, Patrick

    1986-01-01

    Le développement croissant des cultures intensives d'algues unicellulaires marines pour l'aquaculture pose aujourd'hui le problème non seulement de la valeur nutritive de ces organismes mais également des ouvertures possibles vers un marché plus spécialisé en pharmacologie et cosmétologie. En effet, tant au niveau des propriétés étonnantes de certains produits d'excrétions (hydrates de carbone, biotoxines, antibiotiques) que des constituants de base (en particulier lipides et aminoacides) ...

  17. Evaluation de la qualité de vie des personnes vivant avec le VIH à ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Contexte: Lorsqu'en 2000 le Cameroun fait le choix du traitement par antirétroviraux pour les PVVIH, la qualité de vie (QdV) n'est pas un enjeu de la prise en charge. La chronicisation du sida place aujourd'hui l'évaluation de qualité de vie des PVVIH au sein des défis de santé publique. L'objectif de cette étude était ...

  18. Les traces matérielles de la Carte du Ciel. Le cas des observatoires d'Alger et de Bordeaux.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le Guet Tully, F.; Davoigneau, J.; Lamy, J.; de La Noë, J.; Rousseau, J.-M.; Sadsaoud, H.

    2008-06-01

    Le chapitre évoque les traces matérielles de la Carte du ciel subsistant dans les observatoires d'Alger et de Bordeaux. Les auteurs examinent d'abord l'opération d'inventaire du patrimoine astronomique entreprise à partir du milieu des années 1990. Ils examinent ensuite les éléments concrets constituant aujourd'hui le patrimoine de la Carte du Ciel : lunettes, abris, accessoires, laboratoires, réseaux, plaques de verre, registres, machines à mesurer les clichés, et cartes.

  19. ICONOMANIA

    OpenAIRE

    Ruffino, Paolo

    2017-01-01

    FRENCH L’exposition IconoMania questionne l’image d’aujourd’hui, ses formes et ses symboliques, à travers le champ expérimental des nouvelles technologies. Dans cette relation « art et science », l’exposition s’intéresse aux problématiques de transformation (innovation et information), de transmission (communication et médias), et de représentation (sociale individuelle et collective). Près de seize oeuvres seront exposées sous la verrière d'un ancien bâtiment industriel du XIXème au co...

  20. La vague déferlante du soja brésilien

    OpenAIRE

    Théry , Hervé

    2004-01-01

    http://mappemonde.mgm.fr/num2/articles; International audience; The Brazilian soybean production, which is amongst the first three in the world, moved more than 1 300 miles northwards in thirty years, causing serious difficulties to export the harvests.; La production de soja brésilienne, une des trois premières mondiales, s'est déplacée en trente ans de plus de 2 000 kilomètres vers le nord, ce qui pose aujourd'hui de sérieux problèmes d'écoulement de la récolte.

  1. CARLSON WAGONLIT

    CERN Multimedia

    CARLSON WAGONLIT

    2010-01-01

    BESOIN D'IDEES CADEAUX ? OFFREZ L'EVASION DANS UN BOX ! Des weekends à deux ou en famille et pour tous les goûts: escapades gourmandes, aventures/randonnées, sensations, séjours pittoresques, maisons d’hôte ou châteaux prestigieux, forfaits beauté & séjours bien-être … Les SMARTBOX sont dès aujourd’hui en vente dans notre agence de voyages ! Nos agents tourisme sont à votre disposition pour tous renseignements au 72 797 ou par email cern@carlsonwagonlit.ch Au plaisir de vous revoir dans notre agence.

  2. Le projet de développement au service de la sécurité alimentaire des consommateurs : pour une approche territoriale

    OpenAIRE

    Brégeot, Ghislain; Chéneau-Loquay, Annie

    2013-01-01

    6 pages; International audience; Aujourd'hui, une grande partie des interventions réalisées par les acteurs étrangers (ONG et autres acteurs associatifs, Organisations internationales, Coopérations bilatérales, collectivités territoriales) dans les pays en développement est réalisée sous forme d'aide à projet. Or, la mise en place de ces projets ne prend pas toujours en compte les objectifs "annexes" de lutte contre la pauvreté ou la sécurité alimentaire.

  3. 1648-IJBCS-Article-Dedjiho Comlam Achille

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    l'appauvrissement de la diversité spécifique. (Dupré, 2002), provoquant donc un déséquilibre de la chaîne trophique d'un plan d'eau et peut entraîner des conséquences écologiques importantes. Ce phénomène est devenu aujourd'hui un problème environnemental généralisé. Dans lacs artificiels de Yamoussoukro (Côte.

  4. The Indonesian Reader. History, Culture, Politics, Tineke Hellwig & Eric Tagliacozzo (eds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurence Husson

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Ce livre s’adresse à toute personne désireuse de comprendre comment s’est construite l’Indonésie, pourquoi elle est ce qu’elle est aujourd’hui et ce vers quoi elle tend. Il est d’ailleurs regrettable que ce pays fasse trop souvent la une des journaux à l’occasion de catastrophes naturelles ou humaines (tremblements de terre, tsunami, éruptions volcaniques, coulées de boues, inondations, feux de forêts, épidémie de grippe aviaire, crashs aériens, attentats meurtriers, etc. alors que globaleme...

  5. Combustion of Solid Propellants (La Combustion des Propergols Solides)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-07-01

    the of ether and ethyl alcohol and removing objective of these lectures to give a this solvent. Instead of having a fibrous comprehensive understanding...do cetto esrne do Les propergols composites, A matrice confifrences une description tout A fait A polymarique charg~o pst, un oxydant at un jour des...rusa., De nouveaux souvant suppos6 qua la vitesa des gaz de oxydes de for ultrafirts mont aujourd’hui combustion est n~gligeable at qua d~velopps pour

  6. Patient-reported outcome 2 years after lung transplantation: does the underlying diagnosis matter?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghosh S

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Maria Jose Santana,1 David Feeny,2 Sunita Ghosh,3 Dale C Lien41Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada; 2Kaiser Permanente Center for Health Research, Portland, OR, USA; 3Cross Cancer Center, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada; 4University of Alberta Hospital, Edmonton, Alberta, CanadaPurpose: Transplantation has the potential to produce profound effects on survival and health-related quality of life (HRQL. The inclusion of the patient’s perspective may play an important role in the assessment of the effectiveness of lung transplantation. Patient perspectives are assessed by patient-reported outcome measures, including HRQL measures. We describe how patients’ HRQL among different diagnosis groups can be used by clinicians to monitor and evaluate the outcomes associated with transplantation.Methods: Consecutive lung transplant recipients attending the lung transplant outpatient clinic in a tertiary institution completed the 15-item Health Utilities Index (HUI questionnaire on a touchscreen computer. The results were available to clinicians at every patient visit. The HUI3 covers a range of severity and comorbidities in eight dimensions of health status. Overall HUI3 scores are on a scale in which dead = 0.00 and perfect health = 1.00; disability categories range from no disability = 1 to severe disability <0.70. Single-attribute and overall HUI3 scores were used to compare patients’ HRQL among different diagnosis groups. Random-effect models with time since transplant as a random variable and age, gender, underlying diagnoses, infections, and broncholitis obliterans syndrome as fixed variables were built to identify determinants of health status at 2-years posttransplantation.Results: Two hundred and fourteen lung transplant recipients of whom 61% were male with a mean age of 52 (19–75 years were included in the study. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and cystic fibrosis patients displayed

  7. Juliette Pattinson, Behind Enemy Lines: Gender, Passing and the Special Operations Executive in the Second World War

    OpenAIRE

    Capet, Antoine

    2016-01-01

    Les crécibistes qui s’intéressent au domaine baptisé War Studies (à ne pas confondre avec Military History, à la fois plus facile à saisir et plus aisé à traduire) savent qu’il est en pleine expansion dans les universités britanniques. Autrefois, le King’s College de Londres en avait le quasi monopole. Aujourd’hui, il existe des centres très actifs à Birmingham, Édimbourg et Glasgow. Indirectement, également, des dépôts d’archive comme Mass Observation à Brighton et des groupes de recherche d...

  8. Les Machines pour le Big Data : Vers une Informatique Quantique et Cognitive.

    OpenAIRE

    Teboul , Bruno; Amri , Taoufik

    2014-01-01

    Cet article est une analyse prospective sur les mutations technologiques qui affecteront l’informatique et ses machines dans un avenir proche afin de répondre aux grands défis soulevés par notre société du tout digital. Nous pensons que ces mutations seront à la fois « quantique » et « cognitive ». Nous étayerons notre analyse en revenant sur ce qui fonde encore aujourd’hui nos ordinateurs, à savoir une architecture vieille de plus d’un demi-siècle, qui est responsable des espoirs déchus de l...

  9. Exploring the experiences of older Chinese adults with comorbidities including diabetes: surmounting these challenges in order to live a normal life

    OpenAIRE

    Ho, Hsiu-Yu; Chen, Mei-Hui; Lou, Meei-Fang

    2018-01-01

    Hsiu-Yu Ho,1,2 Mei-Hui Chen,2,3 Meei-Fang Lou1 1School of Nursing, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, 2Department of Nursing, Yuanpei University of Medical Technology, 3National Taipei University of Nursing and Health Sciences, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China Background: Many people with diabetes have comorbidities, even multimorbidities, which have a far-reaching impact on the older adults, their family, and society. However, little is known of the experience of older adult...

  10. Amal comme l'espoir : Une coopérative d'huile d'argan a changé la ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    1 nov. 2010 ... Ma vie a changé. J'étais condamnée à ne jamais sortir de la maison. Aujourd'hui, je gagne de l'argent et je peux envoyer mes enfants à l'école. » Ainsi parle une femme qui est revenue à la vie grâce à la coopérative exclusivement féminine de Tamanar. Dans la région d'Essaouira au Maroc, une ...

  11. Reporting guidelines for diagnostic accuracy studies that use Bayesian latent class models (STARD-BLCM)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kostoulas, Polychronis; Nielsen, Søren S.; Branscum, Adam J.

    2017-01-01

    of disease status (i.e., disease status is a latent variable). Statistical methods were introduced in this context by Hui and Walter and have been succesfully applied since then, with the majority of the work being carried out in a Bayesian framework. While STARD provides useful reporting guidelines...... for studies designed to estimate the accuracy of tests when disease status is known. The original STARD statement was initially published in seven journals, while an updated version — STARD2015 — has been recently released. More than 200 biomedical journals encourage its use in their instructions to authors...

  12. Hacking interdit découvrez les techniques des hackers pour mieux vous protéger

    CERN Document Server

    Gomez-Urbina, Alexandre

    2010-01-01

    Aujourd'hui, impossible de surfer sur Internet sans protection efficace ! Mais même avec des logiciels appropriés, nul n'est à l'abri du danger ! Virus, usurpations d'adresse IP, troyens, intrusions dans votre système, attaques par phishing : l'imagination des pirates est sans limite ! La seule solution est de vous protéger efficacement et pour cela, un moyen : connaître les techniques des hackers pour mieux déjouer leurs pièges ! Un internaute averti en vaut deux !

  13. AHP 21: Who is to Blame?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klu rgyal 'bum ཀླུ་རྒྱལ་འབུམ།

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available I was born in a rural village of Hualong Hui Autonomous County, Qinghai Province. I graduated from Qinghai Normal University in 2011 with a BA in English. The summer afternoon sun beat down so harshly that everyone underneath felt they were being boiled in a pot. That the sun's heat was destroying the annual crops was a universal complaint, though everyone knew muttering was futile. Only when clouds appeared would anything change. In time, everyone went about their business and complained about the heat less... ...

  14. Retour "écologique" sur la question des nitrates

    OpenAIRE

    Buson, Christian

    2012-01-01

    Un examen critique de la question des nitrates est proposé dans cet article, à la lumière des connaissances disponibles dans différentes disciplines. Au plan sanitaire, la norme sur l’eau potable établie depuis plusieurs décennies résulte d’une erreur ancienne aujourd’hui reconnue comme telle. Les nitrates n’engendrent aucun trouble sanitaire et les griefs tels que la méthémoglobinémie du nourrisson, ou le risque de cancer du à la formation de nitrosamines, qui les ont...

  15. Malnutrition et politiques agro-alimentaires en Bolivie

    OpenAIRE

    Franqueville, André; Laure, Joseph

    1988-01-01

    Sutout connue en Europe pour son instabilité politique, ses coups d'Etat incessants et, aujourd'hui, pour sa culture de la coca, la Bolivie est aussi, on le sait moins, le pays le plus pauvre d'Amérique du Sud comme en témoignent tous les indicateurs socio-économiques disponibles. Mais la malnutrition qui sévit dans ce pays et qui semble bien en voie d'aggravation, n'est nullement le produit d'une nature particulièrement ingrate, car Altiplano, Vallées et Oriente pourraient heureusement combi...

  16. Watershed : The Role of Fresh Water in the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Watershed décrit la crise de l'eau à laquelle font face aujourd'hui Israël et les Territoires occupés de la Palestine – crise qui aura beaucoup d'effet sur la conception et la réussite des propositions de paix en cours. Les auteurs analysent la géopolitique de l'eau dans la région, l'importance économique, les problèmes ...

  17. Les interventions de santé maternelle et infantile : vers une meilleure prise en compte des besoins des populations en Afrique

    OpenAIRE

    Gautier, Lara; Moshabela, Mosa; De Allegri, Manuela

    2017-01-01

    International audience; Aujourd’hui, il est fréquent de lire qu’en santé mondiale, la question n’est plus de savoir ce qui fonctionne bien, mais de comprendre comment et pourquoi les interventions réussissent ou se soldent par un échec (De Chesnay et Anderson, 2015). Ce chapitre, qui expose l’état des connaissances sur les interventions en santé maternelle, néonatale et infantile dans neuf pays d’Afrique subsaharienne révèle toute la pertinence de cette phrase.En 2014, une recension des écrit...

  18. Ramas, familles, réseaux. Les supports sociaux de la diffusion de la santería cubaine (Cuba-Mexique)

    OpenAIRE

    Argyriadis, Kali

    2014-01-01

    Ramas, familles, réseaux. Les supports sociaux de la diffusion de la santería cubaine (Cuba-Mexique). La santería cubaine participe d’un processus de transnationalisation qui concerne l’ensemble des religions dites afro-américaines, présentes aujourd’hui en Afrique de l’Ouest, en Europe et sur tout le continent américain. Pour parvenir à cerner cet objet dans son ampleur, l’approche en termes de réseau semble a priori la plus opératoire. L’enquête ethnographique, quand elle concentre son atte...

  19. De columbine à virgínia tech: reflexões com base empírica sobre um fenômeno em expansão

    OpenAIRE

    Vieira,Timoteo Madaleno; Mendes,Francisco Dyonísio Cardoso; Guimarães,Leonardo Conceição

    2009-01-01

    O fenômeno conhecido como school shooting vem chamando a atenção do mundo, principalmente após a tragédia na Columbine High School, na cidade de Littleton, Colorado, nos Estados Unidos, em 1999. Posteriormente, em abril de 2007, o estudante Cho Seung-Hui protagonizou um massacre de proporções ainda maiores ao atirar contra estudantes do Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, matando 32 pessoas e se suicidando ao final. O presente artigo reflete sobre o fenômeno chamando a atençã...

  20. From columbine to virgínia tech: empirical based reflections about an expanding phenomenon

    OpenAIRE

    Vieira, Timoteo Madaleno; Mendes, Francisco Dyonísio Cardoso; Guimarães, Leonardo Conceição

    2009-01-01

    O fenômeno conhecido como school shooting vem chamando a atenção do mundo, principalmente após a tragédia na Columbine High School, na cidade de Littleton, Colorado, nos Estados Unidos, em 1999. Posteriormente, em abril de 2007, o estudante Cho Seung-Hui protagonizou um massacre de proporções ainda maiores ao atirar contra estudantes do Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, matando 32 pessoas e se suicidando ao final. O presente artigo reflete sobre o fenômeno chamando a atençã...

  1. Aide à la décision en agriculture et gestion des ressources naturelles : note introductive

    OpenAIRE

    Jallas , Eric; Crétenet , Michel

    2003-01-01

    International audience; L'aide à la décision n'a pas pour but de se substituer aux décideurs en leur proposant des solutions "toutes faites". Elle cherche plutôt à les éclairer et à les guider vers des décisions dont ils conservent la responsabilité. Dans le domaine agricole et dans celui de la gestion des ressources naturelles, il existe aujourd'hui de nombreux outils d'aide à la décision. Les systèmes experts utilisent une base de connaissances afin de fournir des solutions, équivalentes à ...

  2. Les origines de la philosophie analytique de la religion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicholas Wolterstorff

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Il y a soixante ans, il y avait peu de philosophie de la religion et à peu près rien en ce qui concerne la théologie philosophique ; aujourd’hui, la philosophie de la religion en général, et la théologie philosophique en particulier, prospèrent dans la tradition analytique de la philosophie. Mon but est d’expliquer pourquoi la situation actuelle est si différente de celle d’il y a soixante ans.

  3. Regards croisés d'un physicien et d'un dessinateur sur Einstein et la physique the recipe of the Universe

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN. Geneva

    2006-01-01

    Rencontre donnée par John Ellis et Fiami. Partez à la découverte de la physique avec un auteur de bande dessinée qui vous fera découvrir six étapes cruciales de l’histoire de la connaissance, en compagnie de son héros Albert Einstein. Après ce voyage littéraire, un physicien du CERN vous expliquera les enjeux de la physique aujourd’hui, plus de 100 ans après Einstein.

  4. Essai de caractérisation des phénomènes de stalking dans un contexte juridique et politique : radiogoniométrie et filature On characterization of stalking phenomena in a juridical and political context: radiogoniometry and tracking

    OpenAIRE

    Desurmont N.

    2010-01-01

    De nos jours il est devenu impossible d’étudier les filatures comme on les pratiquait avant la naissance de la triangulation et de la radiogoniométrie, les observations satellitaires, les communications radios, etc. En effet l’usage de la radiogoniométrie et de d’autres techniques par les services des renseignements généraux et les forces de l’ordre biaisent aujourd’hui fortement l’analyse des filatures de ces organes en ayant recours qu’à l’analyse topologique et la géocriminologie. Le prése...

  5. Loisir, tourisme et développement durable

    OpenAIRE

    Chazaud, Pierre

    2016-01-01

    Cet ouvrage coordonné par Olivier Bessy s’inscrit dans la structuration en cours d’un courant de recherche autour de la socio-géographie du sport, des loisirs et du tourisme, en envisageant l’impact de ces pratiques en matière de construction et de développement territorial. L’ensemble des contributions essaient de montrer comment aujourd’hui des territoires aussi différents que les territoires montagnards, océaniques, ruraux, en friche et insulaires, sont structurés, mis en valeur et dynamis...

  6. Tourisme durable en zone de montagne : définition et enjeux

    OpenAIRE

    ZEGHNI, Sylvain

    2014-01-01

    La montagne est depuis longtemps un territoire de tourisme. Paradoxalement, pendant longtemps, la France a connu un déficit d'exploitation touristique hivernale de son massif. Les plans neige des années 60 et 70 eurent pour ambition de rattraper ce retard et de faire de notre pays la première destination de sport d'hiver. Cette ambition ayant été atteinte, le tourisme hivernal en zone de montagne est aujourd'hui un puissant levier économique d'aménagement et de développement. Il n'en reste pa...

  7. Méditations autour de Socrate

    OpenAIRE

    Bergeron, Jean-François

    2017-01-01

    Socrate, aujourd’hui. Quelle pertinence ? Quelle utilité ? Que nous enseignerait-il ? De quoi nous libérerait-il ? Où nous mènerait-il ? Répondre à ces questions, indubitablement, c’est refaire le procès de Socrate, donner notre jugement sur ce dernier. Remarquons que, jour après jour, notre monde serait très près de condamner, comme les Athéniens de l’époque, le philosophe. Alors que nous nous imaginerions une distance infinie entre les contempteurs de Socrate et nous, notre parenté en est p...

  8. Das Erbe der Menschheit.

    OpenAIRE

    Joana Breidenbach; Pál Nyíri

    2005-01-01

    Le concept d’« héritage » est apparu avec les efforts des États-nations occidentaux modernes émergents, au 19 e siècle, pour apporter une signification nationale à leurs paysages et à leurs environnements construits. Aujourd’hui, cependant, certains des moteurs centraux de ce mouvement de l’héritage sont des acteurs globaux plutôt que nationaux. Le projet le plus prestigieux pour la promotion de l’idée d’« héritage global » est la liste de l’Héritage mondial de l’ Unesco . Que deviennent les ...

  9. Transformée de Fourier applications en RMN et IRM

    CERN Document Server

    Verdun, Francis R

    1995-01-01

    Les méthodes spectroscopiques de Résonance Magnétique Nucléaire et l'Imagerie par Résonance Magnétique ont aujourd'hui largement dépassé le seul cadre du laboratoire. Un nombre croissant de personnes est confronté à leur utilisation ou à l'interprétation des résultats délivrés. Or les interfaces entre l'appareil et l'utilisateur font appel à un traitement mathématique sophistiqué qu'il est souhaitable de comprendre.

  10. .net

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Le Comité de Rédaction d' EspacesTemps.net

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available EspacesTemps lance aujourd'hui deux objets différents : un site internet et, sur ce site, Le Journal . Il s'agit donc de bien plus, et, au fond, de tout autre chose qu'un simple outil de communication destiné à informer nos lecteurs de nos parutions. Ce n'est pas non plus la « mise en ligne » de nos numéros-papier. L'internet nous donne au contraire l'occasion de réaliser, dans de meilleures conditions, ce que nous avons tenté de faire depuis quelques ...

  11. Cas pratique : Restauration écologique de la dépression humide de Kerminihy (Erdeven, Morbihan : une collaboration efficace entre propriétaire, gestionnaire et scientifiques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ÉLOUARD, Emmanuelle

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Travailler aujourd’hui en faveur de la restauration et de la préservation des zones humides, c’est pérenniser l’utilisation des ressources et des services qui s’y rapportent. Voici comment l’expérience réussie du programme d’actions de restauration écologique de la zone humide de Kerminihy, fruit d’une collaboration efficace entre propriétaire, gestionnaire et scientifiques, a favorisé le maintien d’une richesse écologique à forte valeur patrimoniale.

  12. Organisation spatiale de l'île de Ténériffe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erwann Jadé

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available Ténériffe, archipel des Canaries, îles Fortunées ou Bienheureuses. Fragment d'Europe exilé au large de l'Afrique, aujourd'hui espace de récréation pour urbains stressés du quotidien. Une île qui présente de multiples facettes. Combien de Ténériffe? L'organisation de l'espace insulaire illustre un cas de ségrégation spatiale liée au tourisme.

  13. Photo-souvenir sur assiette.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Blandine Ripert

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available Nous sommes à Ayuthaya, ancienne capitale du Siam qui tomba en 1767 après l’invasion birmane, ne laissant derrière elle que ruines de cette grande ville marchande qui attirait les commerçants de toute l’Asie mais aussi les Européens présents en Orient. Seuls les temples, bouddhistes, sont restés debout et ont traversé les siècles, attirant aujourd’hui de très nombreux touristes qui font fleurir un commerce tout aussi international qu’auparavant. Cet étal mobile propose au ...

  14. Constructing Singapore : Elitism, Ethnicity and the Nation-Building Project, Michael D. Barr & Zlatko Skrbis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Louis Margolin

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Michael Barr, seul ou en collaboration, est depuis une décennie l’un des auteurs les plus prolifiques et les plus reconnus sur la structuration politique et sociologique du Singapour contemporain. Longtemps attaché à l’université du Queensland (Brisbane, aujourd’hui à Flinders (Adelaide, il est assez représentatif de la nouvelle génération (singapourienne aussi bien qu’étrangère des spécialistes de la cité-état : fermement critique, et parfois même hyper-critique, elle n’en reconnaît pas m...

  15. Maintenir la continuité des collections à l'heure d'Internet : du catalogue de vente au site web de maison de vente

    OpenAIRE

    Jacquet , Françoise

    2014-01-01

    International audience; La Bibliothèque nationale de France conserve depuis des siècles une importante collection de catalogues de vente sur support papier. Cependant avec l’apparition d’Internet on assiste à une dématérialisation des données documentaires en art. Aujourd’hui les sites des maisons de vente offrent en ligne les adjudications des ventes, récentes ou archivées et certaines ventes sont désormais annoncées uniquement sur Internet. Ces informations qui ne se trouvent pas sur les ca...

  16. Territorialisation et enclaves littorales dans les îles de la Caraïbe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michel Desse

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Les littoraux de la Caraïbe ont longtemps été considérés comme des espaces de l’envers, ouverts, libres, propriété de l’Etat donc de tous, opposables à la plantation qui hiérarchise la société, structure le paysage et identifie la richesse.Aujourd’hui, les littoraux constituent les centres fonctionnels des îles, annexés parfois privatisés, ils apparaissent fortement territorialisés. Les facteurs qui expliquent ces transformations sont multiples. Les îles connaissent une forte tertiairisation ...

  17. Behavioral activation for dementia caregivers: scheduling pleasant events and enhancing communications

    OpenAIRE

    Au, Alma; Gallagher-Thompson, Dolores; Wong, Meng-Kong; Leung, Jess; Chan, Wai-Chi; Chan, Chun Chung; Lu, Hui-Jing; Lai, Man Kin; Chan, Kevin

    2015-01-01

    Alma Au,1,2 Dolores Gallagher-Thompson,3 Meng-Kong Wong,4 Jess Leung,4 Wai-Chi Chan,5 Chun Chung Chan,6 Hui-Jing Lu,1 Man Kin Lai,1 Kevin Chan11Department of Applied Social Sciences, 2Institute of Active Aging, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences and Geriatric Education Centre, School of Medicine, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA; 4Department of Psychiatry, United Christian Hosp...

  18. Introduction à MATLAB

    OpenAIRE

    Zenou, Emmanuel

    2013-01-01

    Cette initiation à MatLab a pour objectif de se familiariser à un outil très utilisé par la communauté scientifique dans les laboratoires et dans l'industrie. Il a également pour objectif d'initier (pour ceux qui n'y ont jamais touché) à la programmation et à l'algorithmique, ce qui est indispensable à tout bon ingénieur aujourd'hui. En effet, beaucoup de notions introduites ici ne sont pas propres à MatLab mais à tout langage structuré comme le C/C++, le Java, etc.

  19. LA FINANCE ISLAMIQUE, DES FONDEMENTS AU SYSTÈME

    OpenAIRE

    Fatima Zahra ALIOUI; Zeyneb GUELLIL; Soufyane BADRAOUI

    2015-01-01

    Force est de constater aujourd’hui, que la finance basée sur les préceptes de l’Islam, à savoir la finance islamique, remet violemment en cause notre conception de la finance et de l’économie. Cette nouvelle finance, pour certains, de «toutes les vertus«éthiques» et anti-crise», ou simple attirail marketing pour d’autres, a au moins le mérite de faire parler d’elle! Associé finance et Islam, c’est faire le postulat qu’il existe une relation entre économie et religio...

  20. TABLE OF CINTENTS and ABSTRACTS reprinted from ACTA PHYSICA SINICA,Vol.50,No.6(2001)(in Chinese)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    @@0000 GENERAL 0330 Conservation Laws of Relativistic Variable Mass Systems…………………………… Fang Jian-hui (1005) 0340 Simulation of Shock Waves Using a Lattice Boltz mann Equation Model …………………… Feng Shi-de, Michihisa Tsutahara (1010) 0365 Double-Wave Function of RLC Circuit After Quantization…………………… Long Chao-yun, Liu Bo (1014) 0420 The Nernst Theorem and Statistical Entropy of the Scalar field in Reissner-Nordstrom Geometry……………………Zhao Ren, Zhang Li-chun (1018)

  1. Graphene energy storage and conversion applications

    CERN Document Server

    Liu, Zhaoping

    2014-01-01

    Series PrefacePrefaceAuthorsGraphene Overview; Xufeng Zhou, Wei Wang, and Zhaoping LiuSynthesis of Graphene; Wei Wang, Hailiang Cao, Xufeng Zhou, and Zhaoping LiuApplications of Graphene in Lithium Ion Batteries; Xufeng Zhou and Zhaoping LiuApplications of Graphene in New-Concept Batteries; Xufeng Zhou and Zhaoping LiuApplications of Graphene in Supercapacitors; Chao Zheng, Xufeng Zhou, Hailiang Cao, and Zhaoping LiuApplications of Graphene in Solar Cells; Fuqiang Huang, Dongyun Wan, Hui Bi, and Tianquan LinApplications of Graphene in Fuel Cells; Xuejun Zhou, Jinli Qiao, and Yuyu LiuIndex.

  2. Eléments de théorie des graphes

    CERN Document Server

    Bretto, Alain; Hennecart, François

    2012-01-01

    Ce livre est une introduction d velopp e la th orie des graphes. Autour de cette th orie se d veloppe aujourd'hui l'un des domaines les plus f conds et les plus dynamiques des mah matiques et de l'informatique. La th orie des graphes permet de r pr senter un ensemble complexe d'objets en exprimant les relations entre les l ments: r seaux de communication, circuits lectriques, etc. Le livre pr sente le langage et les notions l mentaires de cette th orie, les diff rents types de graphes (bipartis, arbres, arborescences, graphes eul riens et hamiltoniens, etc.); il tudie les relations entre les g

  3. Re-ranking via User Feedback: Georgetown University at TREC 2015 DD Track

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-11-20

    Re-ranking via User Feedback: Georgetown University at TREC 2015 DD Track Jiyun Luo and Hui Yang Department of Computer Science, Georgetown...involved in a search process, the user and the search engine. In TREC DD , the user is modeled by a simulator, called “jig”. The jig and the search engine...simulating user is provided by TREC 2015 DD Track organizer, and is called “jig”. There are 118 search topics in total. For each search topic, a short

  4. W-Band Technology and Techniques for Analog Millimeter-Wave Photonics

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-08-19

    Chang and C. Liu, “1-100 GHz microwave photonic link technologies for next- generation WiFi and 5G wireless communications,” in IEEE Topical Meeting on...high- speed optical transmission,” Opt. Exp., vol. 14, no. 9, pp. 3767-3775, Apr. 2006. [17] R. S. Tucker, G. Eisenstein, and S. K. Korotky...Sept. 1990. [20] R. Hui, B. Zhu, R. Huang, C. T. Allen, K. R. Demarest, and D. Richards, “Subcarrier multiplexing for high- speed optical transmission

  5. Sexospécificités | Page 233 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Aujourd'hui, je gagne de l'argent et je peux envoyer mes enfants à l'école. » Ainsi parle une femme qui est revenue à la vie grâce à la coopérative exclusivement féminine de Tamanar. Dans la région d'Essaouira au Maroc, une cinquantaine de femmes ont, grâce à un savoir-faire ancestral, allié gestes de grand-mère mille ...

  6. Sociolinguistic aspects of language change in kabiye-french code ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ce phénomène peut s'expliquer par le fait que la réussite à l'école, et par conséquent dans la vie sociale, dépend de la maîtrise du Français. La présente étude montre qu'aujourd'hui, le 'code-switching' kabiyè et français est devenu le moyen de communication le plus courant non seulement entre les scolarisés, mais ...

  7. Non disponible / Not available

    OpenAIRE

    Sonia , Assili

    2014-01-01

    Non disponible / Not available; Dans de nombreux pays développés, les patients cherchent des alternatives auxsoins dentaires devenus difficiles d’accès pour de multiples raisons. Parallèlement, lamondialisation n’épargne aucun secteur, si bien que nous assistons à la commercialisation dela santé. Le patient tend à devenir un consommateur de soins et le praticien un délivreur desoins. L’offre de soins à l’étranger et aujourd’hui dans des centres dentaires dits « low-cost »apparaissent comme un...

  8. Agir sur le gaspillage alimentaire

    OpenAIRE

    Jan, Sophie; Baron, Florence

    2016-01-01

    On estime aujourd'hui à 25% les pertes d'aliments post-récolte et en aval, en raison de leur altération par des microorganismes. L'étude menée ici illustre le risque d'altération engendré par une rupture dans la chaîne du froid, en prenant comme modèle un aliment liquide pasteurisé et réfrigéré, riche en nutriments et dont la température ne doit pas dépasser 4°C.

  9. Entrepreneurs, État et citoyenneté.Le cas de la Tunisie

    OpenAIRE

    Nabli, Rabah

    2013-01-01

    Aujourd’hui, de nombreux observateurs et chercheurs vigilants s’accordent à affirmer le caractère non parasitaire des entrepreneurs tunisiens, quelle que soit leur région d’origine. Mais une question continue d’être posée: pourrons-nous aussi affirmer avec la même certitude qu’en dépit de leurs faiblesses structurelles, les entrepreneurs tunisiens et surtout les plus jeunes d’entre eux, sont en voie de se constituer en une force sociale disposant d’un poids politique leur permettant de dicter...

  10. Glarus - Blanchiment

    OpenAIRE

    Fluck , Pierre

    2008-01-01

    Cette usine se trouve dans la vallée du Strengenbach, à l'écart de la ville (23 établissements au cours des XVIIIème et XIXème siècles). On pratiquait autour de cet établissement le blanchiment sur prés. A l'origine, elle s'appellait Caspar Vogel. En 1850, elle devint David Pabst. En 1855, un incendie ravagea les bâtiments. Nouvelle construction en 1863, pour devenir en 1864 : Speich, Pabst & Streiff. En 1869, la raison sociale est Streiff & Cie. Aujourd'hui : Bleicherei Streiff AG.

  11. Report of the European Energy Law Seminar 2010

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Beukenkamp, J.F.M.; Webbink, F.J.; Fenijn, A.W.C.; Klapwijk, C.L.

    2010-01-01

    The Annual European Energy Law Seminar was held on 12 and 13 April 2010 at the Grand Hotel Huis ter Duin in Noordwijk, the Netherlands. This article reports on the meeting. The presentations held on the first day addressed various aspects of the Third Energy Package such as the issues of unbundling and third party access, the establishment of a European network of regulators, the collaboration of regulators and the ongoing market integration. Day 2 addressed security of supply and climate protection and the required investments. An overview is also provided of recent developments in the EU competition legislation. [nl

  12. Penser les métropoles pour les « individus » ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marc Dumont

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Les instruments dont on dispose aujourd’hui pour décrire et expliquer les réalités métropolitaines contemporaines ne sont pas entièrement satisfaisants : ils ne permettent pas toujours d’identifier les vraies questions qui se présentent à ceux qui produisent la ville. Partant de ce constat, le sociologue Alain Bourdin synthétise dans son nouvel essai des réflexions issues de sa pratique de recherche et de dialogue avec le monde des institutions, pour y proposer une lecture de la ...

  13. Taxonomic study of Festuca L. subgenus Schedonorus (P. Beauv. Peterm. in Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sayed Zabihollah Hosseini

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This study was based upon a taxonomic review of the subgenus Schedonorus in Iran. A collection of 30 specimens belonging to the herbaria: W, B and HUI (herbarium of the University of Isfahan were studied. Based on the results of this study, this subgenus included three species: Festuca arundinacea, F. gigantea and F. pratensis in Iran. Furthermore, this study showed that F. arundinacea, occured in this country with two subspecies: orientalis (Hack. Tzvelev and fenas (Lag. Arcang. with the greatest area of distribution compared to the other two species. Our examination of the type specimen of F. elatior subsp. pratensis var. elbursiana confirmed its synonymy with F. arundinacea.

  14. L'univers créativité cosmique et créativité artistique

    CERN Document Server

    Reeves, Hubert; Champion, Claire

    2016-01-01

    Avec le talent de vulgarisateur qu'on lui connaît, Hubert Reeves explique, en faisant d'habiles parallèles avec la créativité humaine, ce que l'on sait aujourd'hui de la création de l'Univers. Avec ses mots et ses idées simples, épurées comme des haïkus, Hubert Reeves arrive à faire comprendre l'infiniment complexe, tout en amenant ses lecteurs au bord du gouffre métaphysique.

  15. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muriel Verbeeck-Boutin

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Version françaisePorter un projet comme un enfant en soi : la métaphore est facile, sans doute. Et pourtant ! Quelle autre image employer, pour évoquer ces quelques mois tout entiers consacrés à mûrir une idée, à la concrétiser et la mettre en œuvre, jusqu’à sa parution, aujourd’hui. Neuf mois à éveiller des enthousiasmes (ou trouver des gens pour partager le mien, susciter des collaborations, nouer des partenariats, mettre en œuvre une structure, dessiner une image, écrire, relire, corriger...

  16. Enhanced immunization via dissolving microneedle array-based delivery system incorporating subunit vaccine and saponin adjuvant

    OpenAIRE

    Zhao,JiHui; Zhang,Qi-Bo; Liu,Bao; Piao,Xiang-Hua; Yan,Yu-Lu; Hu,Xiao-Ge; Zhou,Kuan; Zhang,Yong-Tai; Feng,Nian-Ping

    2017-01-01

    Ji-Hui Zhao,1,* Qi-Bo Zhang,1,* Bao Liu,2 Xiang-Hua Piao,1 Yu-Lu Yan,1 Xiao-Ge Hu,1 Kuan Zhou,1 Yong-Tai Zhang,1 Nian-Ping Feng1 1School of Pharmacy, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China; 2Anethesiology Department, Augusta University, Augusta, GA, USA *These authors contributed equally to this work Purpose: To enhance the immunogenicity of the model subunit vaccine, ovalbumin (OVA) was combined with platycodin (PD), a ...

  17. Etat des lieux et perspectives du pin sylvestre en Wallonie

    OpenAIRE

    Thibaut, K.; Colson, Vincent; Lecomte, H.; Claessens, Hugues

    2007-01-01

    Si le pin sylvestre fut l’un des pionniers de la reforestation de nos contrées, l’engouement qu’il suscita au XIXe siècle semble aujourd’hui bien retombé. À travers l’analyse de la ressource disponible et d’une rapide enquête auprès des cantonnements de la DNF, l’article propose un état des lieux de cette essence et discute de ses perspectives dans le contexte actuel.

  18. Un « Nouvel hygiénisme » ? Le bruit, l’odeur et l’émergence d’une new middle class

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurent Matthey

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available La tentation est grande aujourd’hui d’envisager un « Nouvel hygiénisme » qui façonnerait les espaces urbains et les corps. Cet article défend cependant l’hypothèse que ce qu’il est convenu d’appeler « Nouvel hygiénisme » est en fait un ensemble de pratiques sociales qui reposent sur la consommation ostentatoire et la distinction sociologique d’une classe sociale en ascension (la new middle class.

  19. Aménageurs et «reconversion cartographique»

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrick POTTIER

    1991-03-01

    Full Text Available Aménageurs et urbanistes s’accordent à faire des Systèmes de Gestion de Bases de Données Géographiques l’outil de demain. Pourtant, de réelles difficultés freinent aujourd’hui leur développement. Ces difficultés ne pourront être surmontées qu’en envisageant une réflexion profonde sur l’information géographique et l’analyse spatiale.

  20. Malnutrition and child health in rural Rwanda: management of community based growth monitoring.

    OpenAIRE

    Ngirabega, Jean de Dieu

    2010-01-01

    En l’an 2000, les Nations Unies ont adopté les Objectifs du Millénaire pour le Développement avec comme premier objectif l’éradication de l’extrême pauvreté et de la faim. La relation synergique entre une bonne nutrition et le développement économique est aujourd’hui indiscutable. La malnutrition et la pauvreté sont deux problèmes interdépendants et qui partagent les mêmes causes. On estimait en 2008 que le retard de croissance staturale affectait 195 millions d’enfants de moins de cinq ans d...

  1. People who live for quality

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1995-03-01

    This book introduces the case of model of quality management. There are a lot of titles and people's example such as with dogged perseverance by Kang, Beom Sik in SK industry, come back to company which he submitted his resignation by Kim, Byeong Hui in Hyundai Heavy industries, I want to be the world best by Yeon, Sang Jin in Geum Ho industry, a good beginning is half the battle by Kwon, Bok Sik in KIA company, employee satisfaction is quality management by Hong, Sun Gyeom, in Dong Yang piston, and praying for all by Kim, Youn Ja in Lotte department store.

  2. 2140-IJBCS-Article-Koffi Marcelin Yao

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    Mots clés : Métaux traces, matière organique, adsorption, désorption, Estuaire. INTRODUCTION. La contamination de l'atmosphère, de l'hydrosphère et des sédiments par les métaux lourds est aujourd'hui très préoccupant pour les pays développés et émergents. Les métaux lourds sont des éléments métalliques dont la.

  3. 空间 、 身体 、女权: 中国都市女性写作

    OpenAIRE

    Chan (陈颖), Shelley

    2009-01-01

    Chinese women have been continuous hits in mass media throughout the past decade. While names such as Mian Mian and Wei Hui have caught the attention of readers with their fin de siècle decadent writings, or , “genital writingd” as labeled by some critics, Mu Zimei, Zhuying Qingtong and Sister Lotus have excited netizens with their online sex diaries, hawking details of one-night stands, nude self-portraits, and pictures of flirtatious gestures respectively, which have caused far greater dist...

  4. Sport et éthique: enjeux et outils pour le marketing sportif - Sport and ethics: stakes and tools for marketing of sport

    OpenAIRE

    Emmanuel Bayle; Samuel Mercier

    2008-01-01

    (VF)Dans un contexte général d’une demande sociétale d’éthique, d’appel à la responsabilité sociale des entreprises et face aux attaques (dopage, violences, corruption…) que connaît aujourd’hui le mythe de l’éthique sportive, comment les organisations présentes dans le secteur du sport adaptent-elles leurs stratégies marketing ? Cet article propose une typologie des enjeux stratégiques de l’instrumentalisation de l’éthique sportive selon quatre types d’organisations. A partir de ce cadre conc...

  5. La prospective Agrimonde : une tentative d'allier prospective et recherche en France et à l'international

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    de LATTRE-GASQUET, Marie

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Nourrir le monde aujourd’hui et en 2050 est un enjeu majeur, et la recherche agricole peut y contribuer. Elle doit pour cela anticiper les changements possibles, identifier les enjeux et de nouvelles questions de recherche, et la prospective permet de le faire. Cet article détaille le lancement, le déroulement et la diffusion d’un exercice de prospective, Agrimonde, et analyse à partir de cet exemple le rôle de la prospective pour la recherche.

  6. Etude linguistique chez les Baráshi/Banyaambo du Rwanda

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    ont quitté le Nkóle et ont gagné le Mutára, puis le Mubarí qui est une large bande frontalière située au nord du lac Ihema jouxtant la région tanzanienne de Karágwe. Puis le mouvement s'est poursuivi vers le sud, ce qui explique donc la présence aujourd'hui d'une communauté Baráshi/Banyaambo au. Gisaká autour des ...

  7. La désacidification biologique des vins. Etat de la question, perspectives d'avenir

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aline Lonvaud-Funel

    1994-06-01

    Sa maîtrise passe par l'utilisation de levains bactériens, dont les plus récents sont ensemencés directement au vin après la fermentation alcoolique. Les résultats des recherches fondamentales sur l'enzyme malolactique permettent aujourd'hui d'envisager la construction de réacteurs enzymatiques et sans doute plus rapidement, le transfert de cette activité enzymatique chez les levures de vinification.

  8. Vorinostat-eluting poly(DL-lactide-co-glycolide) nanofiber-coated stent for inhibition of cholangiocarcinoma cells

    OpenAIRE

    Kwak TW; Lee HL; Song YH; Kim C; Kim JS; Seo SJ; Jeong YI; Kang DH

    2017-01-01

    Tae Won Kwak,1,* Hye Lim Lee,2,* Yeon Hui Song,2 Chan Kim,3 Jungsoo Kim,2 Sol-Ji Seo,2 Young-Il Jeong,2 Dae Hwan Kang2,4 1Medical Convergence Textile Center, Gyeongbuk, Republic of Korea; 2Biomedical Research Institute, Pusan National University Hospital, Pusan, Republic of Korea; 3Amogreentech Co. Ltd. Gyeonggi-do, Republic of Korea; 4Research Institute for Convergence of Biomedical Science and Technology, Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital, Gyeongnam, Republic of Korea *These auth...

  9. Dynamique des populations du foreur des tiges du cacaoyer ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objectif : Le foreur de tiges du cacaoyer, Eulophonotus myrmeleon Felder cause aujourd'hui d'énormes dégâts dans les cacaoyères ivoiriennes. La présente étude vise à déterminer les périodes de fortes attaques de ce déprédateur dans la région du Haut-Sassandra, la deuxième plus grande région de production de ...

  10. Integrated Ideas of a Life Warrior ~ An Interview with Leo Fong

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Hobart

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Mr. Leo Fong is the architect and founder of a system of martial arts known as Wei Kuen Do (man. Hui Quan Dao—the Way of the Integrated Fist. Leo Fong trained in a variety of Chinese disciplines, including Shaolin, Choy Lay Fut and Tiger Claw, and was a close associate of Bruce Lee. Over the course of his studies, Master Fong combined many of the aspects of Chinese martial arts with principles of western boxing, to produce his own, unique and devastating system of self-defense.

  11. Endovascular Repair of an Actively Hemorrhaging Stab Wound Injury to the Abdominal Aorta

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hussain, Qasim; Maleux, Geert; Heye, Sam; Fourneau, Inge

    2008-01-01

    Traumatic injury of the abdominal aorta is rare and potentially lethal (Yeh et al., J Vasc Surg 42(5):1007-1009, 2005; Chicos et al., Chirurgia (Bucur) 102(2):237-240, 2007) as it can result in major retroperitoneal hemorrhage, requiring an urgent open surgery. In case of concomitant bowel injury or other conditions of hostile abdomen, endovascular repair can be an alternative treatment. This case report deals with a 50-year-old man presenting at the emergency ward with three stab wounds: two in the abdomen and one in the chest. During explorative laparotomy, liver laceration and bowel perforation were repaired. One day later, abdominal CT-scan revealed an additional retroperitoneal hematoma associated with an aortic pseudoaneurysm, located anteriorly 3 cm above the aortic bifurcation. Because of the risk of graft infection, an endovascular repair of the aortic injury using a Gore excluder stent-graft was performed. Radiological and clinical follow-up revealed a gradual shrinkage of the pseudo-aneurysm and no sign of graft infection at two years' follow-up.

  12. Reaction-Based Reactive Transport Modeling of Iron Reduction and Uranium Immobilization at Area 2 of the NABIR Field Research Center, Subproject to Co-PI Eric E. Roden. Final Report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Roden, Eric E.

    2011-01-01

    This report summarizes research conducted in conjunction with a project entitled 'Reaction-Based Reactive Transport Modeling of Iron Reduction and Uranium Immobilization at Area 2 of the NABIR Field Research Center', which was funded through the Integrative Studies Element of the former NABIR Program (now the Environmental Remediation Sciences Program) within the Office of Biological and Environmental Research. Dr. William Burgos (The Pennsylvania State University) was the overall PI/PD for the project, which included Brian Dempsey (Penn State), Gour-Tsyh (George) Yeh (Central Florida University), and Eric Roden (formerly at The University of Alabama, now at the University of Wisconsin) as separately-funded co-PIs. The project focused on development of a mechanistic understanding and quantitative models of coupled Fe(III)/U(VI) reduction in FRC Area 2 sediments. The work builds on our previous studies of microbial Fe(III) and U(VI) reduction, and was directly aligned with the Scheibe et al. ORNL FRC Field Project at Area 2.

  13. A study of usability principles and interface design for mobile e-books.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Chao-Ming; Huang, Ching-Hua

    2015-01-01

    This study examined usability principles and interface designs in order to understand the relationship between the intentions of mobile e-book interface designs and users' perceptions. First, this study summarised 4 usability principles and 16 interface attributes, in order to conduct usability testing and questionnaire survey by referring to Nielsen (1993), Norman (2002), and Yeh (2010), who proposed the usability principles. Second, this study used the interviews to explore the perceptions and behaviours of user operations through senior users of multi-touch prototype devices. The results of this study are as follows: (1) users' behaviour of operating an interactive interface is related to user prior experience; (2) users' rating of the visibility principle is related to users' subjective perception but not related to user prior experience; however, users' ratings of the ease, efficiency, and enjoyment principles are related to user prior experience; (3) the interview survey reveals that the key attributes affecting users' behaviour of operating an interface include aesthetics, achievement, and friendliness. This study conducts experiments to explore the effects of users’ prior multi-touch experience on users’ behaviour of operating a mobile e-book interface and users’ rating of usability principles. Both qualitative and quantitative data analyses were performed. By applying protocol analysis, key attributes affecting users’ behaviour of operation were determined.

  14. Three-dimensional semi-analytical solution to groundwater flow in confined and unconfined wedge-shaped aquifers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sedghi, Mohammad Mahdi; Samani, Nozar; Sleep, Brent

    2009-06-01

    The Laplace domain solutions have been obtained for three-dimensional groundwater flow to a well in confined and unconfined wedge-shaped aquifers. The solutions take into account partial penetration effects, instantaneous drainage or delayed yield, vertical anisotropy and the water table boundary condition. As a basis, the Laplace domain solutions for drawdown created by a point source in uniform, anisotropic confined and unconfined wedge-shaped aquifers are first derived. Then, by the principle of superposition the point source solutions are extended to the cases of partially and fully penetrating wells. Unlike the previous solution for the confined aquifer that contains improper integrals arising from the Hankel transform [Yeh HD, Chang YC. New analytical solutions for groundwater flow in wedge-shaped aquifers with various topographic boundary conditions. Adv Water Resour 2006;26:471-80], numerical evaluation of our solution is relatively easy using well known numerical Laplace inversion methods. The effects of wedge angle, pumping well location and observation point location on drawdown and the effects of partial penetration, screen location and delay index on the wedge boundary hydraulic gradient in unconfined aquifers have also been investigated. The results are presented in the form of dimensionless drawdown-time and boundary gradient-time type curves. The curves are useful for parameter identification, calculation of stream depletion rates and the assessment of water budgets in river basins.

  15. 1986 annual information meeting. Abstracts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1986-01-01

    Abstracts are presented for the following papers: Geohydrological Research at the Y-12 Plant (C.S. Haase); Ecological Impacts of Waste Disposal Operations in Bear Creek Valley Near the Y-12 Plant (J.M. Loar); Finite Element Simulation of Subsurface Contaminant Transport: Logistic Difficulties in Handling Large Field Problems (G.T. Yeh); Dynamic Compaction of a Radioactive Waste Burial Trench (B.P. Spalding); Comparative Evaluation of Potential Sites for a High-Level Radioactive Waste Repository (E.D. Smith); Changing Priorities in Environmental Assessment and Environmental Compliance (R.M. Reed); Ecology, Ecotoxicology, and Ecological Risk Assessment (L.W. Barnthouse); Theory and Practice in Uncertainty Analysis from Ten Years of Practice (R.H. Gardner); Modeling Landscape Effects of Forest Decline (V.H. Dale); Soil Nitrogen and the Global Carbon Cycle (W.M. Post); Maximizing Wood Energy Production in Short-Rotation Plantations: Effect of Initial Spacing and Rotation Length (L.L. Wright); and Ecological Communities and Processes in Woodland Streams Exhibit Both Direct and Indirect Effects of Acidification (J.W. Elwood)

  16. Improving the Authentication Scheme and Access Control Protocol for VANETs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei-Chen Wu

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Privacy and security are very important in vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs. VANETs are negatively affected by any malicious user’s behaviors, such as bogus information and replay attacks on the disseminated messages. Among various security threats, privacy preservation is one of the new challenges of protecting users’ private information. Existing authentication protocols to secure VANETs raise challenges, such as certificate distribution and reduction of the strong reliance on tamper-proof devices. In 2011, Yeh et al. proposed a PAACP: a portable privacy-preserving authentication and access control protocol in vehicular ad hoc networks. However, PAACP in the authorization phase is breakable and cannot maintain privacy in VANETs. In this paper, we present a cryptanalysis of an attachable blind signature and demonstrate that the PAACP’s authorized credential (AC is not secure and private, even if the AC is secretly stored in a tamper-proof device. An eavesdropper can construct an AC from an intercepted blind document. Any eavesdropper can determine who has which access privileges to access which service. For this reason, this paper copes with these challenges and proposes an efficient scheme. We conclude that an improving authentication scheme and access control protocol for VANETs not only resolves the problems that have appeared, but also is more secure and efficient.

  17. Integrated Modeling of Groundwater and Surface Water Interactions in a Manmade Wetland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guobiao Huang Gour-Tsyh Yeh

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A manmade pilot wetland in south Florida, the Everglades Nutrient Removal (ENR project, was modeled with a physics-based integrated approach using WASH123D (Yeh et al. 2006. Storm water is routed into the treatment wetland for phosphorus removal by plant and sediment uptake. It overlies a highly permeable surficial groundwater aquifer. Strong surface water and groundwater interactions are a key component of the hydrologic processes. The site has extensive field measurement and monitoring tools that provide point scale and distributed data on surface water levels, groundwater levels, and the physical range of hydraulic parameters and hydrologic fluxes. Previous hydrologic and hydrodynamic modeling studies have treated seepage losses empirically by some simple regression equations and, only surface water flows are modeled in detail. Several years of operational data are available and were used in model historical matching and validation. The validity of a diffusion wave approximation for two-dimensional overland flow (in the region with very flat topography was also tested. The uniqueness of this modeling study is notable for (1 the point scale and distributed comparison of model results with observed data; (2 model parameters based on available field test data; and (3 water flows in the study area include two-dimensional overland flow, hydraulic structures/levees, three-dimensional subsurface flow and one-dimensional canal flow and their interactions. This study demonstrates the need and the utility of a physics-based modeling approach for strong surface water and groundwater interactions.

  18. Application of the finite element groundwater model FEWA to three regional aquifers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wong, K.F.V.; Yeh, G.T.

    1986-06-01

    This report documents the calibration with field data and predictive application of a finite element model of water through aquifers (FEWA). FEWA was described in a report written by G.T. Yeh and D.D. Huff in 1983. The model was first compared with the United States Geological Survey (USGS) two-dimensional model and found superior in treating anisotropic media when the coordinates cannot be made to coincide with the principal directions of hydraulic conductivities. In addition, there was no necessity to define nodal points outside the region, as required by the USGS model. FEWA was next calibrated with measured potentiometric surfaces from the Love Canal area in New York and the Conesville area in Ohio. There were satisfactory matches between computed results and available field data. The calibration and predictive runs of FEWA were then accomplished with the Hialeah-Preston well field data over the Biscayne aquifer in south Florida. The calibration run yielded two values of hydraulic conductivity in the area, and the predictive run gave results that matched well with available data. 18 refs., 28 figs

  19. Social Networks and the Maintenance of Conformity: Japanese sojourner women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saint Arnault, Denise; Roles, Deborah J

    2012-08-01

    Asian immigrant women have the lowest utilization of mental health services of any ethnic minority (Garland, Lau, Yeh & McCabe 2005). Because help seeking for distress occurs within social networks, we examined how social networks supported or disabled help seeking for Japanese sojourners living in the US. Unfortunately, most of the literature about Japanese social relationships focuses on men in organizational settings. This study used intensive ethnographic interviewing with 49 Japanese expatriate women to examine how social relationships influenced psychosocial distress and help seeking. We found that the women in these samples engaged in complex, highly regulated, complicated and obligatory relationships through their primary affiliation with other "company wives." Like many immigrant women, increased traditional cultural norms (referred to in Japanese as ryoosai kenbo, or good wives and wise mothers), were expected from these modern women, and the enactment of these roles was enforced through scrutiny, gossip and the possibility of ostracism. Fears of scrutiny was described by the women as a primary barrier to their self-disclosure and ultimate help seeking. Understanding the social organization and support within the Japanese women's community is central to understanding how culturally specific social networks can both give support, as well as create social constraints to help seeking. Health oriented prevention programs must consider these social factors when evaluating the immigration stressors faced by these families.

  20. Acute parietal lobe infarction presenting as Gerstmann’s syndrome and cognitive decline mimicking senile dementia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen TY

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Tien-Yu Chen,1 Chun-Yen Chen,1,3 Che-Hung Yen,2,3 Shin-Chang Kuo,1,3 Yi-Wei Yeh,1,3 Serena Chang,1 San-Yuan Huang1,31Department of Psychiatry, 2Department of Neurology, Tri-Service General Hospital, School of Medicine, National Defense Medical Center, 3Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of ChinaAbstract: Gerstmann’s syndrome encompasses the tetrad of finger agnosia, agraphia, acalculia, and right-left confusion. An elderly man with a history of several cardiovascular diseases was initially brought to the psychiatric outpatient department by his family because of worsening of recent memory, executive function, and mixed anxious-depressive mood. Gerstmann’s syndrome without obvious motor function impairment and dementia-like features could be observed at first. Emergent brain computed tomography scan revealed new left-middle cerebral artery infarction over the left posterior parietal lobe. This case reminds us that acute cerebral infarction involving the parietal lobe may present as Gerstmann’s syndrome accompanied by cognitive decline mimicking dementia. As a result, emergent organic workups should be arranged, especially for elderly patients at high risk for cerebral vascular accident.Keywords: Gerstmann’s syndrome, dementia, parietal lobe infarction

  1. Upper bound for the span of pencil graph

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parvathi, N.; Vimala Rani, A.

    2018-04-01

    An L(2,1)-Coloring or Radio Coloring or λ coloring of a graph is a function f from the vertex set V(G) to the set of all nonnegative integers such that |f(x) ‑ f(y)| ≥ 2 if d(x,y) = 1 and |f(x) ‑ f(y)| ≥ 1 if d(x,y)=2, where d(x,y) denotes the distance between x and y in G. The L(2,1)-coloring number or span number λ(G) of G is the smallest number k such that G has an L(2,1)-coloring with max{f(v) : v ∈ V(G)} = k. [2]The minimum number of colors used in L(2,1)-coloring is called the radio number rn(G) of G (Positive integer). Griggs and yeh conjectured that λ(G) ≤ Δ2 for any simple graph with maximum degree Δ>2. In this article, we consider some special graphs like, n-sunlet graph, pencil graph families and derive its upper bound of (G) and rn(G).

  2. The simulation of a two-dimensional (2D) transport problem in a rectangular region with Lattice Boltzmann method with two-relaxation-time

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sugiyanto, S.; Hardyanto, W.; Marwoto, P.

    2018-03-01

    Transport phenomena are found in many problems in many engineering and industrial sectors. We analyzed a Lattice Boltzmann method with Two-Relaxation Time (LTRT) collision operators for simulation of pollutant moving through the medium as a two-dimensional (2D) transport problem in a rectangular region model. This model consists of a 2D rectangular region with 54 length (x), 27 width (y), and it has isotropic homogeneous medium. Initially, the concentration is zero and is distributed evenly throughout the region of interest. A concentration of 1 is maintained at 9 < y < 18, whereas the concentration of zero is maintained at 0 < y < 9 and 18 < y < 27. A specific discharge (Darcy velocity) of 1.006 is assumed. A diffusion coefficient of 0.8333 is distributed uniformly with a uniform porosity of 0.35. A computer program is written in MATLAB to compute the concentration of pollutant at any specified place and time. The program shows that LTRT solution with quadratic equilibrium distribution functions (EDFs) and relaxation time τa=1.0 are in good agreement result with other numerical solutions methods such as 3DLEWASTE (Hybrid Three-dimensional Lagrangian-Eulerian Finite Element Model of Waste Transport Through Saturated-Unsaturated Media) obtained by Yeh and 3DFEMWATER-LHS (Three-dimensional Finite Element Model of Water Flow Through Saturated-Unsaturated Media with Latin Hypercube Sampling) obtained by Hardyanto.

  3. Application of the finite element groundwater model FEWA to three regional aquifers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wong, K.F.V.; Yeh, G.T.

    1986-06-01

    This report documents the calibration with field data and predictive application of a finite element model of water through aquifers (FEWA). FEWA was described in a report written by G.T. Yeh and D.D. Huff in 1983. The model was first compared with the United States Geological Survey (USGS) two-dimensional model and found superior in treating anisotropic media when the coordinates cannot be made to coincide with the principal directions of hydraulic conductivities. In addition, there was no necessity to define nodal points outside the region, as required by the USGS model. FEWA was next calibrated with measured potentiometric surfaces from the Love Canal area in New York and the Conesville area in Ohio. There were satisfactory matches between computed results and available field data. The calibration and predictive runs of FEWA were then accomplished with the Hialeah-Preston well field data over the Biscayne aquifer in south Florida. The calibration run yielded two values of hydraulic conductivity in the area, and the predictive run gave results that matched well with available data. 18 refs., 28 figs.

  4. Estimating back to front ratio of wire screen for measurement of thoron decay products

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Koli, Amruta; Khandare, Pallavi; Joshi, Manish; Mariam; Khan, Arshad; Sapra, B.K.

    2016-01-01

    Wire screens are widely used for measuring the fine fraction of radon/thoron decay products. Their capture efficiencies are generally defined at low aerosol concentration conditions as well as at low sampling flow rates. Effect of changes in sampling flow rate and aerosol concentration on wire screen capture efficiencies and counting correction factor has been studied in this work. Controlled experiments have been conducted using two different mesh sizes at two different aerosol concentration conditions. Experimental results were compared with the existing theories for capture efficiencies of wire screens given by Cheng and Yeh (1980) and Alonso et al. (2001); and semi empirical relation for the front to total ratio given by Solomon and Ren (1992). Theoretical predictions have been found to be relatively close to the experimental findings for moderate aerosol conditions but disagreement was observed in case of high aerosol concentration. The possible reasons for these differences have been discussed in this work. - Highlights: • Effect of Fiber Reynolds number on capture efficiency and back to front ratio of wire screen. • Experiments with Thoron decay products at moderate and elevated aerosol concentrations. • Comparison with theoretical estimates. • Fair agreement observed for moderate aerosol concentration.

  5. A novel glycated hemoglobin A1c-lowering traditional Chinese medicinal formula, identified by translational medicine study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hsin-Yi Lo

    Full Text Available Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disorder that has a significant impact on the health care system. The reduction of glycated hemoglobin A1c is highly associated with the improvements of glycemic control and diabetic complications. In this study, we identified a traditional Chinese medicinal formula with a HbA1c-lowering potential from clinical evidences. By surveying 9,973 diabetic patients enrolled in Taiwan Diabetic Care Management Program, we found that Chu-Yeh-Shih-Kao-Tang (CYSKT significantly reduced HbA1c values in diabetic patients. CYSKT reduced the levels of HbA1c and fasting blood glucose, and stimulated the blood glucose clearance in type 2 diabetic mice. CYSKT affected the expressions of genes associated with insulin signaling pathway, increased the amount of phosphorylated insulin receptor in cells and tissues, and stimulated the translocation of glucose transporter 4. Moreover, CYSKT affected the expressions of genes related to diabetic complications, improved the levels of renal function indexes, and increased the survival rate of diabetic mice. In conclusion, this was a translational medicine study that applied a "bedside-to-bench" approach to identify a novel HbA1c-lowering formula. Our findings suggested that oral administration of CYSKT affected insulin signaling pathway, decreased HbA1c and blood glucose levels, and consequently reduced mortality rate in type 2 diabetic mice.

  6. Study of the nonequilibrium state of superconductors by large quasiparticle injection from an external current source

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Iguchi, I.

    1977-01-01

    We have studied the nonequilibrium state of superconductors by injecting large numbers of quasiparticles from an external current source into a superconducting film of a tunnel junction with low tunnel resistance (typically 0.1--1 Ω for junction area approx. = 10 -4 cm 2 ). It was observed that there was a critical tunnel current density at which a voltage appeared locally in the part of a superconducting film confined to the junction area. Its values ranged from 10 2 to 10 3 A/cm 2 for bath temperatures well below T/sub c/. Followed by this voltage onset, a transition region corresponding to the nonequilibrium intermediate resistive state was also observed. For further increase of the tunnel current, the local film resistance developed beyond the value of its normal resistance, suggesting that the nonequilibrium state extends far beyond the voltage onset point. A theory based on the modified Rothwarf-Taylor equations and Parker's T* model is presented to compare with the experimental results. The calculated critical current density yielded almost the same order of magnitude as those found experimentally. The detailed behavior, however, deviates from the theoretical predictions although the film makes a second-order transition in the broad range of temperatures. It is also shown using four-terminal analysis that our observations and those by Wong, Yeh, and Langenberg are essentially the same

  7. System-size corrections for self-diffusion coefficients calculated from molecular dynamics simulations: The case of CO{sub 2}, n-alkanes, and poly(ethylene glycol) dimethyl ethers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moultos, Othonas A.; Economou, Ioannis G. [Chemical Engineering Program, Texas A& M University at Qatar, P.O. Box 23847, Doha (Qatar); Zhang, Yong; Maginn, Edward J., E-mail: ed@nd.edu [Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556 (United States); Tsimpanogiannis, Ioannis N. [Chemical Engineering Program, Texas A& M University at Qatar, P.O. Box 23847, Doha (Qatar); Environmental Research Laboratory, National Center for Scientific Research “Demokritos,” 15310 Aghia Paraskevi Attikis (Greece)

    2016-08-21

    Molecular dynamics simulations were carried out to study the self-diffusion coefficients of CO{sub 2}, methane, propane, n-hexane, n-hexadecane, and various poly(ethylene glycol) dimethyl ethers (glymes in short, CH{sub 3}O–(CH{sub 2}CH{sub 2}O){sub n}–CH{sub 3} with n = 1, 2, 3, and 4, labeled as G1, G2, G3, and G4, respectively) at different conditions. Various system sizes were examined. The widely used Yeh and Hummer [J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 15873 (2004)] correction for the prediction of diffusion coefficient at the thermodynamic limit was applied and shown to be accurate in all cases compared to extrapolated values at infinite system size. The magnitude of correction, in all cases examined, is significant, with the smallest systems examined giving for some cases a self-diffusion coefficient approximately 15% lower than the infinite system-size extrapolated value. The results suggest that finite size corrections to computed self-diffusivities must be used in order to obtain accurate results.

  8. Age-dependent lung dosimetry of radon progeny

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hofmann, W.; Martonen, T.B.; Menache, M.G.

    1988-02-01

    Two morphometric models differing in the tracheobronchial region, were compared in the present paper: Model 1 is based on the adult morphology of Weibel, assuming that all bronchial airways grow in equal proportion; while Model 2 adopts the adult structure proposed by Yeh and Schum, using measured airway dimensions in the right upper lobe as a function of age. Tidal volume and respiratory frequency also vary with age: while the breathing frequency decreases with rising age, tidal volume increases. Radiation doses in each bronchial airway generation were computed for the deep lying basal cells as well as for the more uniformly distributed serous (SMGS) cells, which are currently assumed to be the progenitor cells for bronchial carcinomas. Radiation doses to both target cells were significantly higher in the newborn than in the adult, for all simulated breathing patterns, showing the highest relative increase in upper bronchial airways. Comparing both tracheobronchial growth models, Model 1 predicts higher doses at early ages, but produced lower doses in the adult lung

  9. Reaction-Based Reactive Transport Modeling of Iron Reduction and Uranium Immobilization at Area 2 of the NABIR Field Research Center

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Burgos, W.D.

    2009-09-02

    This report summarizes research conducted in conjunction with a project entitled “Reaction-Based Reactive Transport Modeling of Iron Reduction and Uranium Immobilization at Area 2 of the NABIR Field Research Center”, which was funded through the Integrative Studies Element of the former NABIR Program (now the Environmental Remediation Sciences Program) within the Office of Biological and Environmental Research. Dr. William Burgos (The Pennsylvania State University) was the overall PI/PD for the project, which included Brian Dempsey (Penn State), Gour-Tsyh (George) Yeh (Central Florida University), and Eric Roden (formerly at The University of Alabama, now at the University of Wisconsin) as separately-funded co-PIs. The project focused on development of a mechanistic understanding and quantitative models of coupled Fe(III)/U(VI) reduction in FRC Area 2 sediments. The work builds on our previous studies of microbial Fe(III) and U(VI) reduction, and was directly aligned with the Scheibe et al. ORNL FRC Field Project at Area 2.

  10. Dirac Coulomb Green's function and its application to relativistic Rayleigh scattering

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wong, M.K.F.; Yeh, E.H.Y.

    1985-01-01

    The Dirac Coulomb Green's function is obtained in both coordinate and momentum space. The Green's function in coordinate space is obtained by the eigenfunction expansion method in terms of the wave functions obtained by Wong and Yeh. The result is simpler than those obtained previously by other authors, in that the radial part for each component contains one term only instead of four terms. Our Green's function reduces to the Schroedinger Green's function upon some simple conditions, chiefly by neglecting the spin and replacing lambda by l. The Green's function in momentum space is obtained as the Fourier transform of the coordinate space Green's function, and is expressed in terms of basically three types of functions: (1) F/sub A/ (α; β 1 β 2 β 3 ; γ 1 γ 2 γ 3 ; z 1 z 2 z 3 ), (2) the hypergeometric function, and (3) spherical harmonics. The matrix element for Rayleigh scattering, or elastic Compton scattering, from relativistically bound electrons is then obtained in analytically closed form. The matrix element is written basically in terms of the coordinate space Dirac Coulomb Green's function. The technique used in the evaluation of the matrix element is based on the calculation of the momentum space Dirac Coulomb Green's function. Finally the relativistic result is compared with the nonrelativistic result

  11. Measuring health-related quality of life in population-based studies of coronary heart disease: comparing six generic indexes and a disease-specific proxy score.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garster, Noelle C; Palta, Mari; Sweitzer, Nancy K; Kaplan, Robert M; Fryback, Dennis G

    2009-11-01

    To compare HRQoL differences with CHD in generic indexes and a proxy CVD-specific score in a nationally representative sample of U.S. adults. The National Health Measurement Study, a cross-sectional random-digit-dialed telephone survey of adults aged 35-89, administered the EQ-5D, QWB-SA, HUI2, HUI3, SF-36v2 (yielding PCS, MCS, and SF-6D), and HALex. Analyses compared 3,350 without CHD (group 1), 265 with CHD not taking chest pain medication (group 2), and 218 with CHD currently taking chest pain medication (group 3), with and without adjustment for demographic variables and comorbidities. Data on 154 patients from heart failure clinics were used to construct a proxy score utilizing generic items probing CVD symptoms. Mean scores differed between CHD groups for all indexes with and without adjustment (P < 0.0001 for all except MCS P = 0.018). Unadjusted group 3 versus 1 differences were about three times larger than for group 2 versus 1. Standardized differences for the proxy score were similar to those for generic indexes, and were about 1.0 for all except MCS for group 3 versus 1. Generic indexes capture differences in HRQoL in population-based studies of CHD similarly to a score constructed from questions probing CVD-specific symptoms.

  12. Population genetic study of 34 X-Chromosome markers in 5 main ethnic groups of China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Suhua; Bian, Yingnan; Li, Li; Sun, Kuan; Wang, Zheng; Zhao, Qi; Zha, Lagabaiyila; Cai, Jifeng; Gao, Yuzhen; Ji, Chaoneng; Li, Chengtao

    2015-12-04

    As a multi-ethnic country, China has some indigenous population groups which vary in culture and social customs, perhaps as a result of geographic isolation and different traditions. However, upon close interactions and intermarriage, admixture of different gene pools among these ethnic groups may occur. In order to gain more insight on the genetic background of X-Chromosome from these ethnic groups, a set of X-markers (18 X-STRs and 16 X-Indels) was genotyped in 5 main ethnic groups of China (HAN, HUI, Uygur, Mongolian, Tibetan). Twenty-three private alleles were detected in HAN, Uygur, Tibetan and Mongolian. Significant differences (p population differentiation of HUI and Uygur. However, the HAN, Tibetan and Mongolian ethnic groups were closely clustered. Eighteen X-Indels exhibited in general congruent phylogenetic signal and similar cluster among the 5 ethnic groups compared with 16 X-STRs. Aforementioned results proved the genetic polymorphism and potential of the 34 X-markers in the 5 ethnic groups.

  13. Development of a High Sensitivity Digital Cerenkov Viewing Device. Prototype Digital Cerenkov Viewing Device. Field test in Sweden

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chen, J.D.; Gerwing, A.F.; Lewis, P.D.; Larsson, M.; Jansson, K.; Lindberg, B.; Sundkvist, E.; Ohlsson, M.

    2002-05-01

    The Swedish and Canadian Safeguards Support Programs have developed a prototype Digital Cerenkov Viewing Device (DCVD) to verify long-cooled spent fuel. The instrument consists of a camera system and a custom portable computer equipped with a liquid crystal and a wearable heads-up display. The camera was coupled to a hardware user interface (HUI) and was operated with a computer program designed to image spent fuel and store the images. Measurements were taken at the CLAB facility on pressurized-water reactor fuel and non-fuel assemblies, a number of boiling-water reactor fuel assemblies, and long-cooled Aagesta fuel assemblies. The camera head, attached to the HUI, a battery-operated computer carried in a backpack and the heads-up display were field tested for portability. The ergonomics of this system is presented in the report. For the examination of long-cooled spent fuel, the camera head was mounted on a bracket that rested on the railing of a moving bridge. The DCVD instrument is approximately 100 times higher in sensitivity than the Mark IVe CVD. The oldest fuel with the lowest burnup at the CLAB facility was positively verified. The measurement capability of this instrument greatly exceeds the verification criteria of 10,000 MWd/t U and 40 years cooling

  14. Approche historiographique des pratiques sportives au Cameroun

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Biwole M. Claude Emmanuel Abolo

    2016-01-01

    En 50 ans d'indépendance, le sport camerounais a beaucoup évolué. De 11 en 1970, les fédérations sportives sont passées à plus de 40 aujourd'hui et les titres, trophées et médailles ne se comptent plus depuis lors. Le Cameroun est devenu progressivement une nation où le sport compte et où l'exploit sportif n'est plus méprisé, rejeté, voire vilipendé. Hier assimilés à des brutes épaisses, les sportifs sont aujourd'hui admirés et adulés. Finie l'image négative de marginaux qui leur collait au corps : finis les sous-entendus ridicules où ils étaient classés au bas de l'échelle sociale, juste bons pour bander les muscles et réaliser des performances. C'est cela la plus grande victoire du sport camerounais en 50 ans d'existence. Il a réussi à faire l'unanimité et les performances des sportifs devenues pour toute la nation un modèle, une référence et un réel motif de fierté.

  15. Survey on risk perception of radiation following an incident involving a stuck 60Co source in Henan Province, China

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lei, C.; Sun, Q.; Cheng, X.; Zhang, Q.; Fu, Y.; Chu, C.; Zhao, Y.; Qin, W.; Su, X.

    2012-01-01

    In July 2009, an incident involving a stuck Co-60 source led hundreds of thousands of people to escape Qi County, Henan Province, China, although no medical or environmental consequences were related to the incident. To investigate knowledge about radiation, public risk-perception of radiation, and evaluation of the official response, a survey was conducted in Qi and Hui County (control). Face-to-face questionnaire interviews were conducted among three groups with different educational backgrounds. In total, 1340 valid questionnaires were collected from people interviewed. Knowledge about radiation was low in all groups in both counties, although knowledge in Qi County was higher than that in Hui County (control). More than 40 % respondents supported construction of nuclear power plants (NPPs) in China, while only a few supported constructing NPPs in their vicinity. The main reasons for the mass escape following the incident were assumed to be lack of knowledge about radiation, misinformation, the government's failure to disclose information in time and imitation of group behaviour. Over 60 % in Group I and II trusted the local government. About 64 % disapproved the response of the Qi County government. After the incident, the population in Qi County still knows little about radiation. Although people trust the government, they are dissatisfied with the response of the local government regarding the incident. (authors)

  16. Taiwan: um futuro formoso para a Ilha? Aspectos de segurança e política

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo A. Pereira Pinto

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available A partir de declaração de Lee Teng-Hui, em 1999, de que existe "um Estado em cada margem do estreito", foi estabelecida nova cena de partida que dificulta a realização de um futuro formoso para a ilha de Taiwan. Em março de 2004, por ocasião de eleições para renovar sua liderança, os taiwaneses defrontaram-se com problemas de segurança e políticos, influenciados por poderosas forças externas, que contribuem para o clima de incerteza que se vive. Parece difícil crer que autoridades em Taipé sejam capazes do engenho e arte de exercitar a ambigüidade necessária para manter o "status quo".Lee Teng-Hui's 1999 statement that there is "one State on each side of the strait" established a new starting point that makes difficult the achievement of a rosy future for the island of Taiwan. In March 2004, as elections for renewing their leadership were taking place, the Taiwanese were confronted with security and political problems that were influenced by powerful external forces, which intensified the prevailing uncertainty. It seems difficult to believe that the authorities in Taipei possess the skill and the art for practicing the requisite ambiguity for maintaining the status quo on the island.

  17. Cost-effectiveness analysis of cochlear dose reduction by proton beam therapy for medulloblastoma in childhood

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hirano, Emi; Kawabuchi, Koichi; Fuji, Hiroshi; Onoe, Tsuyoshi; Kumar, Vinay; Shirato, Hiroki

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study is to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of proton beam therapy with cochlear dose reduction compared with conventional X-ray radiotherapy for medulloblastoma in childhood. We developed a Markov model to describe health states of 6-year-old children with medulloblastoma after treatment with proton or X-ray radiotherapy. The risks of hearing loss were calculated on cochlear dose for each treatment. Three types of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of EQ-5D, HUI3 and SF-6D were used for estimation of quality-adjusted life years (QALYs). The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) for proton beam therapy compared with X-ray radiotherapy was calculated for each HRQOL. Sensitivity analyses were performed to model uncertainty in these parameters. The ICER for EQ-5D, HUI3 and SF-6D were $21 716/QALY, $11 773/QALY, and $20 150/QALY, respectively. One-way sensitivity analyses found that the results were sensitive to discount rate, the risk of hearing loss after proton therapy, and costs of proton irradiation. Cost-effectiveness acceptability curve analysis revealed a 99% probability of proton therapy being cost effective at a societal willingness-to-pay value. Proton beam therapy with cochlear dose reduction improves health outcomes at a cost that is within the acceptable cost-effectiveness range from the payer's standpoint. (author)

  18. Novos genótipos de triticum durum L.: rendimento, adaptabilidade e qualidade tecnológica New genotypes of triticum durum L.: grain yield, adaptability and technological quality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JOÃO CARLOS FELICIO

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Compararam-se dezoito genótipos de Triticum durum L. e dois de Triticum aestivum L. em experimentos semeados em condições de irrigação por aspersão em diferentes regiões tritícolas paulistas, durante o período de 1995-97. Analisaram-se os seguintes parâmetros: rendimento de grãos, altura de plantas, ciclo da emergência à maturação, resistência às manchas foliares causadas por helmintosporiose, adaptabilidade, estabilidade, e qualidade tecnológica. O IAC 24 (T. aestivum foi o mais produtivo, não diferindo dos genótipos de T. durum ALTAR/STN (12, MEMOS "S"/YAV79/3/SAPI"S"/TEAL"S"//HUI"S" (17, STN"S"/3/TEZ"S"/YAV79//HUI"S" (6, ALTAR/STN (11 e WIN"S"/SBA81A//STIL"S" (14 na comparação das médias para rendimento de grãos. Verificou-se que, em Ribeirão Preto, o rendimento médio de grãos foi de 5.332 kg/ha no período. Observaram-se valores semelhantes do coeficiente de determinação (R2 para a maioria dos genótipos estudados, exceto para IAC 24 e IAC 1001. Este e o Anahuac apresentaram-se instáveis quanto à produção de grãos nos ambientes desfavoráveis e estável nos favoráveis, ao contrário do IAC 24. As infecções do agente causal de mancha-foliar foram baixas, sendo as ocorrências mais generalizadas em Tatuí. Os melhores genótipos de T. durum em relação à qualidade tecnológica foram os tratamentos IAC 1003 (1, SCO"S"/3/BD1814//BD708/BD1543/4/ROK"S" (13, Altar 84 (15 e MEMOS"S"/YAV79/3/SAPI"S"/TEAL"S"//HUI"S" (17, enquadrando-se os demais genótipos na classificação de farinha (sêmola médio-fraca, produzindo massa de má qualidade. Estimou-se que as variáveis: tempo de desenvolvimento, sedimentação, índice de tolerância à mistura, energia de deformação da massa, número de queda, tenacidade versus elasticidade (P/L e estabilidade seriam, em ordem de importância, parâmetros a considerar na seleção de cada genótipo, conjuntamente com o rendimento de grãos e sua adaptabilidade.Eighteen durum

  19. Neonatal treatment philosophy in Dutch and German NICUs: health-related quality of life in adulthood of VP/VLBW infants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Breeman, Linda D; van der Pal, Sylvia; Verrips, Gijsbert H W; Baumann, Nicole; Bartmann, Peter; Wolke, Dieter

    2017-04-01

    Although survival after very preterm birth (VP)/very low birth weight (VLBW) has improved, a significant number of VP/VLBW individuals develop physical and cognitive problems during their life course that may affect their health-related quality of life (HRQoL). We compared HRQoL in VP/VLBW cohorts from two countries: The Netherlands (n = 314) versus Germany (n = 260) and examined whether different neonatal treatment and rates of disability affect HRQoL in adulthood. To analyse whether cohorts differed in adult HRQoL, linear regression analyses were performed for three HRQoL outcomes assessed with the Health Utilities Index 3 (HUI3), the London Handicap Scale (LHS), and the WHO Quality of Life instrument (WHOQOL-BREF). Stepwise hierarchical linear regression was used to test whether neonatal physical health and treatment, social environment, and intelligence (IQ) were related to VP/VLBW adults' HRQoL and cohort differences. Dutch VP/VLBW adults reported a significantly higher HRQoL on all three general HRQoL measures than German VP/VLBW adults (HUI3: .86 vs .83, p = .036; LHS: .93 vs. .90, p = .018; WHOQOL-BREF: 82.8 vs. 78.3, p life.

  20. The burden of multiple sclerosis: A community health survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Turpin Karen VL

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Health-related quality of life (HRQL in persons with multiple sclerosis (MS who reside within the community relative to the general population is largely unknown. Data from the Canadian Community Health Survey Cycle 1.1 (CCHS 1.1 were used to compare HRQL of persons with MS and the general population. Methods A representative sample of adults (18 years or older from the cross sectional population health survey, CCHS 1.1, was examined to compare scores on the Health Utilities Index Mark 3 (HUI3, a generic preference-based HRQL measure, of respondents with (n = 302 and without (n = 109,741 MS. Selected sociodemographic covariates were adjusted for in ANCOVA models. Normalized sampling weights and bootstrap variance estimates were used in the analysis. Results The mean difference in overall HUI3 scores between respondents with and without MS was 0.25 (95% CI: 0.20, 0.31; eight times greater than the clinically important difference. The largest differences in scores were seen with the ambulation (0.26; 95% CI: 0.20, 0.32 and pain attributes (0.14; 95% CI: 0.09, 0.19. Clinically important differences with dexterity and cognition were also observed. Conclusion While the proportion of the Canadian population with MS is relatively small in comparison to other diseases, the magnitude of the burden is severe relative to the general population.