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Sample records for hui nung yeh

  1. K. C. Yeh: Radio Science Editor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Advances in satellite technology and computer science have had the greatest impact on radio science in the last quarter century, according to Kung Chie Yeh, the new editor of Radio Science. Yeh, whose term began July 1 (Eos, April 12, 1983, p. 137, February 22, 1983, p. 73), is a professor in the electrical engineering department at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.An international authority on ionospheric radio physics, Yeh also is known for his work on trans-ionospheric radio wave propagation as it affects earth-space communications and satellite navigation. Hehas been studying radio science for nearly 30 years.

  2. Students Learn about Chinese Culture through the Folktale "Yeh-Shen": Emphasizing Figurative Language Interpretation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palmer, Barbara C.; Sun, Lingzhi; Leclere, Judith T.

    2012-01-01

    This article will analyze the figurative language that reflects Chinese traditional society and culture in "Yeh-Shen." The authors will consider both the figures of speech and the figures of thought (to include symbolism) that provide insight into an understanding of the Chinese culture through a reading of "Yeh-Shen." This analysis can be used by…

  3. YehZYXW of Escherichia coli Is a Low-Affinity, Non-Osmoregulatory Betaine-Specific ABC Transporter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lang, Shenhui; Cressatti, Marisa; Mendoza, Kris E; Coumoundouros, Chelsea N; Plater, Samantha M; Culham, Doreen E; Kimber, Matthew S; Wood, Janet M

    2015-09-22

    Transporter-mediated osmolyte accumulation stimulates the growth of Escherichia coli in high-osmolality environments. YehZYXW was predicted to be an osmoregulatory transporter because (1) osmotic and stationary phase induction of yehZYXW is mediated by RpoS, (2) the Yeh proteins are homologous to the components of known osmoregulatory ABC transporters (e.g., ProU of E. coli), and (3) YehZ models based on the structures of periplasmic betaine-binding proteins suggested that YehZ retains key betaine-binding residues. The betaines choline-O-sulfate, glycine betaine, and dimethylsulfoniopropionate bound YehZ and ProX with millimolar and micromolar affinities, respectively, as determined by equilibrium dialysis and isothermal titration calorimetry. The crystal structure of the YehZ apoprotein, determined at 1.5 Å resolution (PDB ID: 4WEP ), confirmed its similarity to other betaine-binding proteins. Small and nonpolar residues in the hinge region of YehZ (e.g., Gly223) pack more closely than the corresponding residues in ProX, stabilizing the apoprotein. Betaines bound YehZ-Gly223Ser an order of magnitude more tightly than YehZ, suggesting that weak substrate binding in YehZ is at least partially due to apo state stabilization. Neither ProX nor YehZ bound proline. Assays based on osmoprotection or proline auxotrophy failed to detect YehZYXW-mediated uptake of proline, betaines, or other osmolytes. However, transport assays revealed low-affinity glycine betaine uptake, mediated by YehZYXW, that was inhibited at high salinity. Thus, YehZYXW is a betaine transporter that shares substrate specificity, but not an osmoregulatory function, with homologues like E. coli ProU. Other work suggests that yehZYXW may be an antivirulence locus whose expression promotes persistent, asymptomatic bacterial infection.

  4. Characterization of the yehUT two-component regulatory system of Salmonella enterica Serovar Typhi and Typhimurium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Vanessa K; Pickard, Derek J; Barquist, Lars; Sivaraman, Karthikeyan; Page, Andrew J; Hart, Peter J; Arends, Mark J; Holt, Kathryn E; Kane, Leanne; Mottram, Lynda F; Ellison, Louise; Bautista, Ruben; McGee, Chris J; Kay, Sally J; Wileman, Thomas M; Kenney, Linda J; MacLennan, Calman A; Kingsley, Robert A; Dougan, Gordon

    2013-01-01

    Proteins exhibiting hyper-variable sequences within a bacterial pathogen may be associated with host adaptation. Several lineages of the monophyletic pathogen Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi (S. Typhi) have accumulated non-synonymous mutations in the putative two-component regulatory system yehUT. Consequently we evaluated the function of yehUT in S. Typhi BRD948 and S. Typhimurium ST4/74. Transcriptome analysis identified the cstA gene, encoding a carbon starvation protein as the predominantly yehUT regulated gene in both these serovars. Deletion of yehUT had no detectable effect on the ability of these mutant Salmonella to invade cultured epithelial cells (S. Typhi and S. Typhimurium) or induce colitis in a murine model (S. Typhimurium only). Growth, metabolic and antimicrobial susceptibility tests identified no obvious influences of yehUT on these phenotypes.

  5. 越南岱、侬族纺织图案研究%Study on patterns on textiles of Tay and Nung in Vietnam

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张耀军

    2016-01-01

    Textiles of Tay and Nung nation is one of the most important culture heritages of Vietnam. For the craftsmanship of patterns on textiles of Tay and Nung nation. As for the textile patterns and its craftsmanship of Tay and Nung in China-Vietnam borders, this paper comprehensively analyzed culture and patterns on textiles of Tay and Nung from the perspective of technology, sociology and artistic iconology with the method of field investigation, document research and iconology. The research shows that patterns on textiles created by Tay and Nung embodies their unique history, sense of style and religious believes. These textile patterns thus preserve the traditional culture of these ethnic groups. Field investigations and study on collections from museums give us the evidence for studies on cultural connections between Tay, Nung, Zhuang and those who lives in China-Vietnam border.%岱、侬族纺织图案是越南的重要文化遗产之一,针对中越边境地区岱、侬族的纺织图案及其工艺,采用田野考察、文献研究与图像学方法,从工艺学、社会学及艺术图像学角度,对岱、侬族的纺织图案与文化进行全面分析。研究表明:岱、侬族创造的纺织品图案蕴含了独特的历史、审美及宗教价值,这些图案较好地保存了民族传统文化。通过实地调查和博物馆藏品样式的研究,为中越边境地区壮、岱、侬族之间和其他地区同族之间的文化联系研究提供了证据。

  6. Galaxies with Supermassive Binary Black Holes: (III) The Roche Lobes and Jiang-Yeh Lobe in a Core System

    CERN Document Server

    Yeh, Li-Chin

    2016-01-01

    Three-dimensional equi-potential surfaces of a galactic system with supermassive binary black holes are discussed herein. The conditions of topological transitions for the important surfaces, i.e. Roche Lobes and Jiang-Yeh Lobe, are studied in this paper. In addition, the mathematical properties of the Jacobi surfaces are investigated analytically. Finally, a numerical procedure for determining the regions of the Roche Lobes and Jiang-Yeh Lobe is suggested.

  7. Studi Sistem Pengelolaan PLTS 15 kW Stand Alone Dengan Metode Kano Di Dusun Yeh Mampeh Kabupaten Bangli

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    IGA Andita Putra

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Management of PLTS 15 kW stand alone at Yeh mampeh village, bangli regency implemented for PLTS can be utilized optimally and sustainable. Sistem management referring to the results of PLTS component with life time of that and results of the questionnaire. Questionnaire were taken by using Kano Method with 50respondent. Kano categoryused in this study are one dimensional, attractive, must be, indiferent, reverse. This method produces the desired management system of PLTS customers are workers will work twince in one week to four hours every day working with two workers, each employee is given a saary of Rp.300.000, PLTS depreciation is Rp. 3.896.000, with the expected quantity of PLTS customer 150th , so the contribution of each customer every mount is Rp. 28.000. If this sistem can be running by society of Yeh Mampeh Village, then PLTS will be utilized optimally and sustainable.

  8. TEKNIK PENAMPUNGAN DAN FERMENTASI AIR KENCING SAPI BALI DI DESA DAUH YEH CANI, BADUNG MENJADI PUPUK ORGANIK RAMAH LINGKUNGAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    IM.S. Negara

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT The activity was carried out to put to use of the urine cattle bali with fermented technology. The activity of community servece was ccaried out at Dauh Yeh Cani village, Badung regency, on Suturday, 4 August 2007. The participants from the farmers group at Dauh Yeh Cani village. The demo plots was carried out at KUBE KMM. The material of a demo plots i.e. a removal by product (urine with feces and than its were fermented.. The products made from the activity were liquied fertilizer organic (clean governunt. The participants were curious to follow all the activities and hope for the team Unud be able to came again with a news information.

  9. Failure Study of Composite Materials by the Yeh-Stratton Criterion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeh, Hsien-Yang; Richards, W. Lance

    1997-01-01

    The newly developed Yeh-Stratton (Y-S) Strength Criterion was used to study the failure of composite materials with central holes and normal cracks. To evaluate the interaction parameters for the Y-S failure theory, it is necessary to perform several biaxial loading tests. However, it is indisputable that the inhomogeneous and anisotropic nature of composite materials have made their own contribution to the complication of the biaxial testing problem. To avoid the difficulties of performing many biaxial tests and still consider the effects of the interaction term in the Y-S Criterion, a simple modification of the Y-S Criterion was developed. The preliminary predictions by the modified Y-S Criterion were relatively conservative compared to the testing data. Thus, the modified Y-S Criterion could be used as a design tool. To further understand the composite failure problem, an investigation of the damage zone in front of the crack tip coupled with the Y-S Criterion is imperative.

  10. The Deep Roots of Hui Operao

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1993-01-01

    HUI Opera Groups arrivalin Beliing for performances200 years ago created a fu-rore,produced Peking opera andpromoted the developmen of val-ious kinds of local operas in China. The earliest Hui opera emergedat the beginning of the sixth centu-ry.It originated in the Qingyangstyle of singing,which was popu-lar in the Jiuhua Mountain areas insouthern Hui.Its fame had spreadthroughout the country by 1522.Book traders of the time compiledthe performed pieces and publishedmore than 10 collections.Some ofthese books went abroad,and nowthe Bibliotheque Nationale in Paris,the Japanese Cabinet Library andthe State Library in Germany allhave several.Later songs by fisher-men along the Yangtze River in theAnqing area were assimilated intothe Qingyaug style and thus a newform of singing,named Bazi sing-ing,emerged.At the same time theQingyang and Shuino styles in theKunshan area in Jiangsu Provincecombined to form Chui singing.

  11. Traditional Marriage Customs of The Zhuang Ethnic in China and Nung,Tay Ethnics in Vietnam%中国壮族和越南侬族、岱族的传统婚姻习俗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    覃丽芳

    2014-01-01

    The Zhuang ethnic in China and Nung, Tay ethnics in Vietnam have the same root, many similar or the same in language, culture, etc. Some cultural elements in traditional marriage customs in Zhuang, Nung, Tay ethnics prove that they have the same root, and that’s the natural link to keep friendly exchanges between the border ethnic in China and Vietnam.%中国的壮族和越南的侬族、岱族是同源民族,在语言、文化等方面有许多相同或相似的地方。壮、侬、岱族传统婚姻习俗中一些共有的文化元素体现了这几个民族之间的同源性,也是中越边境民族友好交往的天然纽带。

  12. Hui Students’ Identity Construction in Eastern China: A Postcolonial Critique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuxiang Wang

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available In this article, we explored Hui students’ lived experiences in school in eastern China and the impact of their experiences on their identity construction. We used postcolonial theory as a theoretical framework and narrative inquiry as a research methodology to guide questions that we asked, data collection, data analysis, and interpretation and discussion of the findings in the study. We found that schooling for the two Hui students in eastern China is a process of reproducing mainstream Han ideology; taking away their culture, beliefs, knowledge, and identity; and imposing the mainstream Han culture and knowledge on Hui students as truth. The participants, two Hui students in an elementary school in eastern China, accepted the identity constructed by mainstream Han teachers and were confused about their Hui identity.

  13. Translation and cultural adaptation of Health Utilities Index (HUI) Mark 2 (HUI2) and Mark 3 (HUI3) with application to survivors of childhood cancer in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimoda, Sandra; de Camargo, Beatriz; Horsman, John; Furlong, William; Lopes, Luiz Fernando; Seber, Adriana; Barr, Ronald D

    2005-06-01

    There are few publications reporting health-related quality of life (HRQL) in developing nations. Most instruments measuring HRQL have been developed in English-speaking countries. These instruments need to be culturally adapted for use in non-English-speaking countries. The HUI2 and HUI3 are generic, preference-based systems for describing health status and HRQL. Developed in Canada, the systems have been translated into more than a dozen languages and used worldwide in hundreds of studies of clinical and general populations. The Brazilian-Portuguese translation of the HUI systems was supervised by senior HUInc staff having experience with both the HUI systems and translations. The process included two independent forward translations of the multi-attribute health status classification systems and related questionnaires, consensus between translators on a forward translation, back-translation by two independent translators of the forward translation, and review of the back-translations by original developers of the HUI. The final questionnaires were tested by surveying a sample of convenience of 50 patients recruited at the Centro de Tratamento e Pesquisa-Hospital do Cancer in São Paulo, Brazil. Fifty patients were enrolled in the study. No assessor, patient or nurse or physician, reported problems answering the HUI questionnaires. No significant differences were found in mean overall HUI2 or HUI3 utility scores among types of assessors. Variability in scores are similar to those from other studies in Latin America and Canada. Test results provide preliminary evidence that the Brazilian-Portuguese translation is acceptable, understandable, reliable and valid for assessing health-status and HRQL among survivors of cancer in childhood in Brazil.

  14. Gebruik van elektriciteit: Domotica: Huis van de toekomst: Klas 4 havo

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    O. van Buuren; M. van der Lee

    2008-01-01

    Deze module behandelt elektriciteit en automatisering in huis. We richten ons daarbij ook op het huis van de toekomst. Bij de elektriciteitsleer ligt de nadruk op het gebruik van elektriciteit in huis, bij de automatisering op intelligente systemen in huis. Er komt een vervolg module domotica 2 als

  15. La recherche alpine aujourd’hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Jacques Brun

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Alpine research benefits from several international coordination networks, only one of which – ISCAR (the International Scientific Committee on Research in the Alps – works solely in the Alpine arc. The creation of ISCAR is a consequence of the input and involvement of various Alpine partners around the Alpine Convention. Alpine research now aims to promote an integrated vision of Alpine territories focusing on creating and maintaining spatial and temporal networks of sustainable relationships between humans and the other components of the ecosphere. It combines resource usage with conservation of the biological and cultural diversity that makes up the Alpine identity. This article aims to show: (1 how international Alpine research coordination is organised; (2 the role played by the Alpine Convention as a framework of reference for specifically Alpine research; and (3 the role that the ISCAR international commit-tee and the Interreg “Alpine Space” programmes play in uniting research around territorial challenges relating to biodiversity conservation and territorial development.La recherche sur les Alpes bénéficie de plusieurs réseaux de coordination internationaux dont un seul, le comité international recherche alpine (ISCAR, se consacre exclusivement à l’arc alpin. La création de l’ISCAR est une retombée de la mobilisation des divers partenaires alpins autour de la mise en place de la Convention alpine. Aujourd’hui, la recherche alpine vise à promouvoir une vision intégrée des territoires centrée sur la création et le maintien d’un réseau spatial et temporel de relations durables entre les hommes et les autres composantes de l’écosphère. Elle associe étroitement la mise en valeur des ressources et la conservation des diversités biologiques et culturelles qui constituent l’identité alpine. Cet article a pour ambition de montrer : (1 comment s’organise la coordination internationale des recherches sur les

  16. Interleukin-6 genotypes and serum levels in Chinese Hui population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Shu-Ping; Liang, Shu; Pan, Min; Sun, Rong-Liang; Chen, Chu; Luan, Hong; Jiang, Min-Hui

    2014-01-01

    Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a key pro-inflammatory cytokine involved in different physiologic and pathophysiologic processes, and circulating levels of IL-6 differ greatly between individuals. The Chinese Hui is one of the largest ethnic minorities, little is known about the distribution of IL-6 genetic variations and their effects on serum levels in Hui population. The aim of the present study is to determine the prevalence of -174G/C (rs1800795), -597G/A (rs1800797), and -634C/G (rs1800796) polymorphisms in the IL-6 gene promoter region and their association with IL-6 serum levels in the Ningxia Hui population. A total of 96 Hui subjects, (57 men and 39 women; mean age 49.65 ± 19.73 years) unrelated nationality residents in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region were enrolled. Genotyping of the three polymorphisms were performed by polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) combined with gel electrophoresis and then confirmed by direct sequencing. The -174G/C (97.92% GG, 2.08% GC, and 0% CC) and -597G/A (98.96% GG, 1.04% GA, and 0% AA) polymorphisms were rare. The frequencies of -634C/G genotypes CC, CG, and GG were found to be 54.17%, 40.62%, and 5.21%, respectively in total studied subjects, the derived allele frequencies for the C and G alleles were 74.48% and 25.52%. Increased IL-6 levels were correlated with the IL-6 -634G allele carriers (CG+GG genotypes). The results suggest that IL-6 -174G/C and -597G/A are rare but -634C/G is common in the Ningxia Hui population, and the -634G allele is associated with circulating levels of IL-6.

  17. Interleukin-6 genotypes and serum levels in Chinese Hui population

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a key pro-inflammatory cytokine involved in different physiologic and pathophysiologic processes, and circulating levels of IL-6 differ greatly between individuals. The Chinese Hui is one of the largest ethnic minorities, little is known about the distribution of IL-6 genetic variations and their effects on serum levels in Hui population. The aim of the present study is to determine the prevalence of -174G/C (rs1800795), -597G/A (rs1800797), and -634C/G (rs1800796) pol...

  18. A Comparison Between Guangxi Zhuang Language and Vietnamese Nung Language%越南高平侬语和广西靖西壮语的初步比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭茹

    2014-01-01

    广西靖西县新靖镇壮语和越南高平省茶岭县广汉村侬语的语言结构特点比较接近,在跨境语言中属于差异较小的类型。二者跨境后之所以还能保持如此高的相似度与跨境历史不长有关,还与两国边民相似的文化、习俗及密切的经济往来有关。%The structural characteristics of Zhuang language in Xinjing , a town of Jingxi County in Guan-gxi, and Nung language in Guanghan , a village in Chanling county of Gaoping province in Vietnam , are quite simi-lar and have fewer differences compared with other cross -border languages .The great similarity they share are re-lated not only to the fact that they have a short cross -border history but also to the likeness of their cultures and traditions as well as the close economic exchanges between them .

  19. L’ESPACE MULTIPLIE CHEZ SARTRE : HUIS-CLOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Corina-Amelia GEORGESCU

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Du point de vue historique, le XXe siècle est le siècle le plus bouleversé de l’histoire connue de l’humanité, se caractérisant par plusieurs événements majeurs. C’est dans ce contexte que Jean-Paul Sartre se fraie un chemin dans la vie littéraire française en y apportant un souffle nouveau. Notre travail se propose d’analyser la pièce Huis clos dans le but de démontrer que lorque l’on parle de l’espace de l’emprisonnement, on doit prendre en considération qu’il ne s’agit pas d’un seul type d’espace et que celui-ci se multiplie justement pour rendre l’impossibilité d’y échapper.

  20. La langue scientifique arabe hier et aujourd'hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Layal Merhy

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Cet article propose un exposé concis des statuts de la langue scientifique arabe entre hier et aujourd'hui. Après avoir rapidement décrit le rôle des médias dans l'évolution de la langue, l'étude cherche à observer - dans le cadre de la diffusion sociale du savoir - le développement de la communication scientifique dans le Monde Arabe. Aussitôt, cette tentative d'analyse tâche de repérer les contraintes qui freinent l'évolution scientifique et linguistique dans les pays arabes et d'ouvrir la voie à des perspectives d'amélioration futures.

  1. Proof and Pedagogy in Ancient China: Examples from Liu Hui's Commentary on "JIU ZHANG SUAN SHU".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siu, Man-Keung

    1993-01-01

    Illustrates the pedagogical implications embodied in Liu Hui's discussion on the ancient Chinese mathematical classic "JIU ZHANG SUAN SHU" (Nine Chapters on the Mathematical Art) with respect to aspects of proof and, more generally, the role of proof in mathematics. Provides examples involving area and volume. (Contains 25 references.) (MDH)

  2. When Liu Hui Meets Archimedes: Students' Epistemological and Cultural Interpretations of Mathematics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Po-Hung

    2014-01-01

    The present study aimed to investigate in what way and to what extent Taiwanese college students' epistemological views of mathematics had evolved during a history-based liberal arts mathematics course titled: "When Liu Hui Meets Archimedes--Development of Eastern and Western Mathematics." The course was designed to help college students…

  3. Take Pictures of the Motherland : Zhao Hui and His Photo Collection "China Story"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TangJinghua; ZhaoHui

    2003-01-01

    A story can be narrated in different ways. As to the story about China, Zhao Hui's version is unique. This is a story presented by camera lens, a story that unfolds a cultural China with vitality and grandeur. One can be all but overwhelmed by its new means of presentation, its new concept of photographing,

  4. GENETIC POLYMORPHISM OF SIX Y CHROMOSOMAL STR IN CHINESE HUI ETHNIC GROUP

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhu Bofeng; Lü Guiping; Yao Guifa; Zhu Jun; Dong Hongwang; Sun Qingdong; Huang Lei; Liu Yao

    2005-01-01

    Objective To study genetic polymorphism of 6 Y chromosomal STR in Hui ethnic group living in Ningxia Hui ethnic autonomous region, in order to evaluate their usefulness in forensic science and enrich the Chinese genetic information resources. Methods We investigated 101 unrelated, healthy, male individuals of Hui ethnic group and studied their allelic frequency distribution and haplotype diversity of 6 Y chromosomal STR. Primer for each loci was labeled with the fluorescent by FAM (blue) or TAMRA(yellow). The data of Hui ethnic group were generated co-amplification, GeneScan, genotype, and genetic distribution analysis. Results 31 alleles and 43 phenotype(DYS385) were detected, with the frequencies ranging from 0.0099-0.7129. Out of a total of 101 individuals, 96 showed different haplotypes; 91 were unique; 5 were found 2 times. The haplotype diversity for 6 Y-STR loci was 0.9990. Conclusion The date obtained can be valuable for individual identification, paternity testing in forensic fields and for population genetics because of 6 Y-STR loci high polymorphism.

  5. Introduction to Professor ZHENG Hui-tian's Clinical Experience in Treating Urethral Syndrome

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YUAN Ling-song; YUAN Shun-xing; HAUNG Guo-qi

    2003-01-01

    @@ Prof. ZHENG Hui-tian organized the project of "Acupuncture Treatment of Urethral Syndrome by the Method to Reinforce the Kidney and Warm Yang", which won the second prize for scientific achievements awarded by State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine and the second prize for the scientific achievements awarded by Shanghai Municipal Science Commission in 1996 and was introduced to the whole nation as a scientific achievement of traditional Chinese medicine in 1997.

  6. Association of Apo-E gene polymorphism with biochemical and lipid metabolism parameters in patients with diabetic nephropathy of Hui and Han populations in Gansu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭茜

    2006-01-01

    Objective To study the association of apolipoprotein (Apo) E gene polymorphism with difference in biochemical metabolism of diabetic nephropathy of Hui and Han populations. Methods ApoE genotype was determined by PCR-RFLP in diabetic patients with or without diabetic nephropathy (DN) and normal peoples in Hui and Han peoples, the related biochemical parameters were simultaneously detected. Results (1) Huis had 3 genotypes, i. e. E2/E3, E3/E3 and E3/E4, and their fre-

  7. Les Totonaques aujourd’hui, entre crise du développement et nouvelles revendications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolas Ellison

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available La population de langue totonaque, qui compte aujourd’hui un peu plus de 400,000 locuteurs, se concentre principalement dans le nord-est de l’Etat de Puebla et le centre-nord de l’Etat de Veracruz. C’est la région du Totonacapan, le « pays totonaque ». La langue totonaque constitue avec le tepehua un groupe isolé, mais on sait que les Totonaques ont participé à la construction des fameuses pyramides de Teotihuacan (au nord de Mexico avant de s’installer sur le pourtour du Golfe du Mexique, ...

  8. Comparison of the HUI3 and the EQ-5D-3L in a nursing home setting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-01-01

    Background Accurately assessing changes in the quality of life of older people living permanently in nursing homes is important. The multi-attribute utility instrument most commonly used and recommended to assess health-related quality of life in the nursing home population is the three-level EuroQol EQ-5D-3L. To date, there have been no studies using the Health Utilities Index Mark III (HUI3). The purpose of this study was to compare the level of agreement and sensitivity to change of the EQ-5D-3L and HUI3 in a nursing home population. Methods EQ-5D-3L and HUI3 scores were measured as part of a cluster randomised controlled trial of nurse led care coordination in a nursing home population in Perth, Western Australia at baseline and 6-month follow up. Results Both measures were completed for 199 residents at baseline and 177 at 6-month follow-up. Mean baseline utility scores for EQ-5D-3L (0.45; 95% CI 0.41–0.49) and HUI3 (0.15; 95% CI 0.10–0.20) were significantly different (Wilcoxon signed rank test, p<0.01) and agreement was poor to moderate between absolute scores from each instrument (intra-class correlation coefficient = 0.63). The EQ-5D-3L appeared more sensitive to change over the 6-month period. Conclusion Our findings show that the EQ-5D-3L and HUI3 estimate different utility scores among nursing home residents. These differences should be taken into account, particularly when considering the implications of the cost-effectiveness of particular interventions and we conclude that the HUI3 is no better suited to measuring health-related quality of life in a nursing home population when compared to the EQ-5D-3L. PMID:28234983

  9. [A preliminary report on the investigation of medicinal plant resources in the Liupan Mountains of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Y; Pu, X; Sun, J; Zhang, G

    1990-02-01

    In this paper, 423 species of medicinal plants belonging to 94 families in Liupan Mountains of Ningzia Hui Autonomous Region have been reported, of which 403 species belonging to 79 families are medicinal spermatophytes. The paper may serve as a reference for medical authorities in developing and utilizing plant resources.

  10. Association of TCF7L2 gene polymorphisms with susceptibility to type 2 diabetes mellitus in a Chinese Hui population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Y; Xu, J R; Wang, Y J; Liu, X M

    2015-08-21

    Diabetes is one of costly chronic diseases. Previous studies across several ethnicities have shown that polymorphisms in the transcription factor 7-like 2 (TCF7L2) gene were strongly associated with susceptibility to type 2 diabetes (T2DM). In the present study, the association between the TCF7L2 gene and the susceptibility to T2DM in a Chinese Hui population was interrogated. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)- restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis and allelic specific PCR were employed for examining the TCF7L2 gene rs12255372 (G>T) and rs290487 (C>T), and rs7901695 (T>C) polymorphisms, respectively, in 109 healthy individuals and 111 subjects with T2DM who were of Chinese Hui descent and lived in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region of China. The results showed that the genotypic frequency of rs290487 and the allelic frequency distributions of the rs7901695 and rs290487 loci were not significantly different between patients and controls in this population. However, both the genotypic and the allelic frequencies at rs12255372 exhibited statistical differences between the patients with T2DM and the unaffected cohort (P 2255372 locus in the patients was higher than that in healthy individuals (OR = 1.198, 95%CI = 1.097-1.307). These findings suggest that the TCF7L2 rs12255372 (G>T) polymorphism might be one of the most important genetic factors associated with T2DM susceptibility, and that individuals in the Chinese Hui population who carry a G allele at this locus might be at risk to develop T2DM.

  11. Le Dictionnaire québécois d’aujourd’hui : Enquête sur les registres

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Cécile Guillot

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The Dictionnaire québécois d’aujourd’hui came out in 1992. The publication of this dictionary sparked a controversy on, among other things, word labeling. The language registers given for many words did not seem to reflect how Quebec francophones felt about them. The debate was such that, one year later, a second edition was produced. The main changes made concern the language registers of a number of entries, on which this time, Quebec francophones would agree. A survey was therefore carried out to determine whether the registers indicated in Le Dictionnaire québécois d’aujourd’hui correspond to Quebec francophones’ linguistic intuitions. A 50-word questionnaire was given to 150 respondents, who were asked to assign a language register to each word. The results of this survey have led to the conclusion that the registers given in Le Dictionnaire québécois d’aujourd’hui often do not correspond to the intuitions of Quebec francophones.

  12. Drought Adaptation in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China: Actions, Planning, Pathways and Barriers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jianping Yang

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (NX region of Northwestern China is threatened by increased meteorological drought induced by climate change (CC and constraints on water supply from the Yellow River. Thus, the NX region is representative of attempts to adapt to CC and variability in China’s arid regions. Field visits, a questionnaire and in situ inspections were conducted in 2012–2014 to understand people’s perception and awareness of drought and its impact, particularly with respect to adaptation strategies. We mainly focused on drought adaptation actions and planning implemented at the government level under the double pressures of drought and allocation. We described a suitable adaptation pathway for socio-economic sustainable development and discussed existing adaptation barriers. Construction of modern efficient water-saving agriculture lies at the core of drought adaptation, with socio-economic sustainable development being the ultimate goal. To achieve this, policies and institutional, engineering, technological, structural and social initiatives and measures—classified into macro adaptation strategies and specific coping measures—are implemented. Adaptation often encounters obstacles, e.g., policy issues from household contract responsibility systems, funding difficulties of low-income farmers, traditional behavioral habits and low education and literacy levels among farmers. The adaptation pathway involves the construction of modern efficient water-saving agriculture. Agricultural water savings are then transferred to developed industries, which back-feed socio-economic sustainable development in the NX region.

  13. Marie Curie, les femmes et la science, d'hier à aujourd'hui

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva; Mariotti, Chiara; Vicinanza, Domenico

    2017-01-01

    Marie Curie, les femmes et la science, d'hier à aujourd'hui Conférence par Hélène Langevin-Joliot Avec la participation de l'Echo du Reculet de Thoiry. L'enregistrement et la liste d'attente sont déjà complets... Mais il n'est pas rare que des personnes réservent et ne viennent pas. Nous réassignerons les places libérées selon la règle "premier arrivé, premier inscrit". Au vu de la forte demande, la conférence sera également disponible en vidéoconférence : lien d'accès "webcast" disponible en bas de cette page. Hélène Langevin-Joliot, directrice de recherche émérite en physique nucléaire fondamentale au CNRS à Orsay, est aussi la fille de Frédéric et Irène Joliot-Curie (prix Nobel de chimie en 1935) et la petite-fille de Pierre Curie (prix Nobel de physique en 1903) et de Marie Curie (prix Nobel de physique en 1903 et prix Nobel de chimie en 1911). Hélène Langevin-Joliot nous parlera de sa vie scientifique, de l’histoire extraordinai...

  14. Marie Curie, les femmes et la science, d'hier à aujourd'hui - English

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2017-01-01

    Marie Curie, les femmes et la science, d'hier à aujourd'hui Conférence par Hélène Langevin-Joliot Avec la participation de l'Echo du Reculet de Thoiry. L'enregistrement et la liste d'attente sont déjà complets... Mais il n'est pas rare que des personnes réservent et ne viennent pas. Nous réassignerons les places libérées selon la règle "premier arrivé, premier inscrit". Nous envisageons la possibilité de faire un webcast de la conférence. Plus d'information bientôt. Hélène Langevin-Joliot, directrice de recherche émérite en physique nucléaire fondamentale au CNRS à Orsay, est aussi la fille de Frédéric et Irène Joliot-Curie (prix Nobel de chimie en 1935) et la petite-fille de Pierre Curie (prix Nobel de physique en 1903) et de Marie Curie (prix Nobel de physique en 1903 et prix Nobel de chimie en 1911). Hélène Langevin-Joliot nous parlera de sa vie scientifique, de l’histoire extraordinaire de sa famille et en particulier du rôle des ...

  15. [Stabilization of the distal radioulnar joint by Hui-Lindscheid ligamentoplasty. Report of 10 cases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sénéchaud, C; Savioz, D; Della Santa, D

    1996-01-01

    The surgical treatment of chronic sprain of the distal radio-ulnar joint remains a difficult problem. Some authors have proposed a radio-ulnar stabilization procedure which involves some loss of mobility of the forearm. Other, more radical authors, have suggested partial or complete resection of the ulnar head. In this case, they restore mobility in prono-supination, but often with a loss of stability and discomfort or pain. Hui and Lindscheid modified a technique of tenodesis which had been previously proposed by Bunnell. They perfected a tenodesis based on the use of the flexor carpi ulnaris tendon. We feel that this procedure should ensure stability of the distal radio-ulnar joint, while preserving its mobility. We used this technique in 9 patients who were reviewed with a follow-up of 2.7 years. The authors obtained 2/3 of good and very good results. This procedure will be compared with other techniques currently used and differences of the results will be discussed. Unfortunately, few articles have been published on this subject.

  16. A Remote Sensing Model to Estimate Sunshine Duration in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱晓晨; 邱新法; 曾燕; 高佳琦; 何永健

    2015-01-01

    Sunshine duration (SD) is strongly correlated with solar radiation, and is most widely used to estimate the latter. This study builds a remote sensing model on a 100 m × 100 m spatial resolution to estimate SD for the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China. Digital elevation model (DEM) data are employed to refl ect topography, and moderate-resolution imaging spectroradiometer (MODIS) cloud products (Aqua MYD06−L2 and Terra MOD06−L2) are used to estimate sunshine percentage. Based on the terrain (e.g., slope, aspect, and terrain shadowing degree) and the atmospheric conditions (e.g., air molecules, aerosols, moisture, cloud cover, and cloud types), observation data from weather stations are also incorporated into the model. Verifi cation results indicate that the model simulations match reasonably with the observations, with the average relative error of the total daily SD being 2.21%. Further data analysis reveals that the variation of the estimated SD is consistent with that of the maximum possible SD; its spatial variation is so substantial that the estimated SD diff ers signifi cantly between the south-facing and north-facing slopes, and its seasonal variation is also large throughout the year.

  17. Land cover change during a period of extensive landscape restoration in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cadavid Restrepo, Angela M; Yang, Yu Rong; Hamm, Nicholas A S; Gray, Darren J; Barnes, Tamsin S; Williams, Gail M; Soares Magalhães, Ricardo J; McManus, Donald P; Guo, Danhuai; Clements, Archie C A

    2017-11-15

    Environmental change has been a topic of great interest over the last century due to its potential impact on ecosystem services that are fundamental for sustainable development and human well-being. Here, we assess and quantify the spatial and temporal variation in land cover in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (NHAR), China. With high-resolution (30m) imagery from Landsat 4/5-TM and 8-OLI for the entire region, land cover maps of the region were created to explore local land cover changes in a spatially explicit way. The results suggest that land cover changes observed in NHAR from 1991 to 2015 reflect the main goals of a national policy implemented there to recover degraded landscapes. Forest, herbaceous vegetation and cultivated land increased by approximately 410,200ha, 708,600ha and 164,300ha, respectively. The largest relative land cover change over the entire study period was the increase in forestland. Forest growth resulted mainly from the conversion of herbaceous vegetation (53.8%) and cultivated land (30.8%). Accurate information on the local patterns of land cover in NHAR may contribute to the future establishment of better landscape policies for ecosystem management and protection. Spatially explicit information on land cover change may also help decision makers to understand and respond appropriately to emerging environmental risks for the local population. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  18. Using Health Utility Index (HUI for Measuring the Impact on Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQL Among Individuals with Chronic Diseases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frank Mo

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Quality of life is an important indicator in assessing the burden of disease, especially for chronic conditions. The Health Utilities Index (HUI is a recently developed system for measuring the overall health status and health-related quality of life (HRQL of individuals, clinical groups, and general populations. Using the HUI (constructed based on eight attributes: vision, hearing, speech, mobility, dexterity, cognition, emotion, and pain/discomfort to measure the HRQL for chronic disease patients and to detect possible associations between HUI system and various chronic conditions, this study provides information to improve the management of chronic diseases.This study is of interest to data analysts, policy makers, and public health practitioners involved in descriptive clinical studies, clinical trials, program evaluation, population health planning, and assessments. Based on the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS for 2000–01, the HUI was used to measure the quality of life for individuals living with various chronic conditions (Alzheimer/other dementia, effects of stroke, urinary incontinence, arthritis/rheumatism, bowel disorder, cataracts, back problems, stomach/intestinal ulcers, emphysema/COPD, chronic bronchitis, epilepsy, heart disease, diabetes, migraine headaches, glaucoma, asthma, fibromyalgia, cancers, high blood pressure, multiple sclerosis, thyroid condition, and other remaining chronic diseases. Logistic Regression Model was employed to estimate the associations between the overall HUI scores and various chronic conditions. The HUI scores ranged from 0.00 (corresponding to a state close to death to 1.00 (corresponding to perfect health; negative scores reflect health states considered worse than death. The mean HUI score by sex and age group indicated the typical quality of life for persons with various chronic conditions. Logistic Regression results showed a strong relationship between low HUI scores (≤ 0.5 and 0.06

  19. « Comment le sais-tu ? ». La paralepse, aujourd’hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frank Wagner

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available À partir des définitions genettiennes de la paralepse (excès d’informations par rapport au code modal dominant, il s’agit de cerner les usages et les fonctions du procédé dans la littérature narrative d’aujourd’hui, en relation homo- ou hétérodiégétique, en régime fictionnel ou semi-fictionnel. Des exemples prélevés dans divers récits contemporains (de Roegiers, Toussaint, Carrère, Echenoz permettent de constater que la paralepse assure un renouvellement du soupçon à l’époque actuelle, en jouant un rôle de révélateur épistémologique. En effet, ce procédé narratif paradoxal engage une réflexion en acte sur la fiction, son perspectivisme, ses capacités de modélisation, et ses pouvoirs heuristiques.Based upon Gerard Genette’s definitions of paralepsis, (information exceeding that normally offered by the dominant mode of narrative focalisation, this article seeks to outline the uses and functions of the device in contemporary narrative literature, through its homo and heterodiegetic positioning in both fictional and semi-fictional texts. Examples taken from a variety of contemporary stories (Roegiers, Toussaint, Carrère, Echenoz allow us to see that paralepsis plays a role of epistemological indicator, facilitating a contemporary renewal of suspicion (le soupçon concerning narration. In fact, this paradoxical narrative device brings about a reflection upon fiction, its perspectivism, its modelling capabilities and heuristic capacities.

  20. Impact of "Grain to Green" Programme on echinococcosis infection in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region of China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cleary, Eimear; Barnes, Tamsin S; Xu, Yangyang; Zhao, Hengbo; Clements, Archie C A; Gray, Darren J; McManus, Donald P; Atkinson, Jo-An M; Williams, Gail M; Yang, YuRong

    2014-10-15

    Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is endemic among the human population of Xiji County, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China, where the prevalence is estimated to be between 2.2% and 3.6%. Government-run sheep abattoirs in Xiji County have closed in recent years and, as a consequence, slaughter is carried out mostly at rural market places. The market place in Xinglong Township, Xiji County, is home to an increasing number of stray dogs and the lack of government control over slaughter practices potentially favours Echinococcus granulosus transmission. A survey of sheep, goats and cattle reared in Xiji County was conducted in Xinglong Market and Xinglong Township to determine prevalence and transmission dynamics of E. granulosus infection. The liver and lungs of all livestock aged one year and older were examined macroscopically post mortem; visual examination and palpation of organs determined overall prevalence of E. granulosus. Cysts consistent in appearance with E. granulosus were observed in 2/184 sheep (prevalence 1.0%) and 1/55 of the cattle examined (prevalence 1.8%); 0/13 goats were found to be infected. However, microscopic examination of these suspected cysts failed to confirm these samples as E. granulosus, giving a prevalence of confirmed infection of zero percent in all three species. The prevalence of liver fluke was 61.3% in sheep and 12.7% in cattle with a significant difference between males and females (p ≤ 0.001). Considering the high prevalence of echinococcosis in the local human population, the absence of CE observed among commercially slaughtered livestock was surprising. Several explanations for this discrepancy and their implications are proposed.

  1. [Carbon sequestration status of forest ecosystems in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Yang; Jin, Jing-Wei; Cheng, Ji-Min; Su, Ji-Shuai; Zhu, Ren-Bin; Ma, Zheng-Rui; Liu, Wei

    2014-03-01

    Based on the data of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region forest resources inventory, field investigation and laboratory analysis, this paper studied the carbon sequestration status of forest ecosystems in Ningxia region, estimated the carbon density and storage of forest ecosystems, and analyzed their spatial distribution characteristics. The results showed that the biomass of each forest vegetation component was in the order of arbor layer (46.64 Mg x hm(-2)) > litterfall layer (7.34 Mg x hm(-2)) > fine root layer (6.67 Mg x hm(-2)) > shrub-grass layer (0.73 Mg x hm(-2)). Spruce (115.43 Mg x hm(-2)) and Pinus tabuliformis (94.55 Mg x hm(-2)) had higher vegetation biomasses per unit area than other tree species. Over-mature forest had the highest arbor carbon density among the forests with different ages. However, the young forest had the highest arbor carbon storage (1.90 Tg C) due to its widest planted area. Overall, the average carbon density of forest ecosystems in Ningxia region was 265.74 Mg C x hm(-2), and the carbon storage was 43.54 Tg C. Carbon density and storage of vegetation were 27.24 Mg C x hm(-2) and 4.46 Tg C, respectively. Carbon storage in the soil was 8.76 times of that in the vegetation. In the southern part of Ningxia region, the forest carbon storage was higher than in the northern part, where the low C storage was mainly related to the small forest area and young forest age structure. With the improvement of forest age structure and the further implementation of forestry ecoengineering, the forest ecosystems in Ningxia region would achieve a huge carbon sequestration potential.

  2. Genetic diversity and haplotype structure of 24 Y-chromosomal STR in Chinese Hui ethnic group and its genetic relationships with other populations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Bo-Feng; Zhang, Yu-Dang; Liu, Wen-Juan; Meng, Hao-Tian; Yuan, Guo-Lian; Lv, Zhe; Dong, Nan; Li, Qiong; Yang, Chun-Hua; Zhang, Yu-Hong; Hou, Yin-Ling; Qian, Li; Fan, Shuan-Liang; Xu, Peng

    2014-07-01

    In the present study, 24 Y-chromosomal short tandem repeat (Y-STR) loci were analyzed in 115 unrelated Hui male individuals from Haiyuan county or Tongxin county, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China, to evaluate the forensic application of the 24 STR loci and to analyze interpopulation differentiations by making comparisons between the Hui group data and previously published data of other 13 populations. A total of 115 different haplotypes were observed on these 24 Y-STR loci. The gene diversities ranged from 0.4049 (DYS437) to 0.9729 (DYS385a, b). The overall haplotype diversity was 1 at AGCU 24 Y-STR loci level, while the values were reduced to 0.999237, 0.996949, and 0.996644 at the Y-filer 17 loci, 11 Y-STR loci of extended haplotype and 9 Y-STR loci of minimal haplotype levels, respectively; whereas, haplotype diversity for additional 7 loci (not included in Y-filer 17 loci) was 0.995271. The pairwise FST , multidimensional scaling plot and neighbor-joining tree indicated the Hui group had the closest genetic relationship with Sala in the paternal lineage in the present study. In summary, the results in our study indicated the 24 Y-STRs had a high level of polymorphism in Hui group and hence could be a powerful tool for forensic application and population genetic study.

  3. PROMINENT PERSONNEL YIN Hui-jin(殷惠军)——An Outstanding Cardiologist of Integrative Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ Prof.YIN Hui-jin,Ph.D.,male,was born on March 26,1971 in Ningxia.He graduated from Ningxia Medical College in 1994 with a 5-year course and got a bachelor degree,and then further studied in Heilongjiang University of Traditional Chinese Medicine from 1994 to 2000 for master and Ph.D.degrees.And then he worked in postdoctoral mobile working station of Open Laboratory of Heredity and Molecule Development Biology of China Academy of Science from 2000 to 2002.

  4. Sur l’emploi des toponymes du Kosovo-Metohija en français d’aujourd’hui

    OpenAIRE

    Stanković Selena

    2015-01-01

    Dans cet article, nous analysons l’emploi des noms de lieux du Kosovo-Metohija en langue française depuis la fin du XXe siècle jusqu’à aujourd’hui. La période citée se caractérise par un vaste usage de l’albanais et de l’anglais et par un usage très réduit du serbe dans la communication publique et officielle au Kosovo-Metohija. Les instances internationales admettent le changement de désignations toponymiques et la suppression des noms basés sur un context...

  5. Transaction Pattern Based on Secondary Clientelism, Business Ideology and Market Development: The case of lime market in Hui Town

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Secondary clientelism is a special exchange relationship derived from primary clientelism. The market with transactions dependent on the secondary clientelism would be”because of”erembeddedness”. Using the lime market in Hui Town as a case, this paper tries to explore why this kind of markets could achieve market order from the perspective of the interconnection of market structure and market culture. Analysis demonstrates that, the coupling induction of structural embeddedness and cultural embeddedness is the deeper mechanism for the market development. Although the new business ideology and transactional dependence on networks originate from market structural transitions, active construction and choice behaviors of the manufacturers still manifest great importance.

  6. 明清徽州火灾及徽商的救助%Fire Disasters in Hui Region and Hui Business People’ s Relief in Ming and Qing Dynasties

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    骆辉仔

    2014-01-01

    The fire disasters in Hui region are usually seasonal and regional though it may caused by people or nature .The fire disaster here is partly due to its own characters .The busi-ness people of Hui were humanistic and often provided aid for precaution and relief after disas -ters and therefore ease the disasters .%徽州地区的火灾具有季节集中性和地点集中性,发生的原因有人为的,也有自然的。由于徽州地区自身因素,徽州火灾的危害也极为严重。然而,具有儒士品格的徽商在火灾发生之前的预防举措和灾后的救助,使这里的火灾受害程度得以减轻。徽商对徽州地区火灾救助给予了很大的帮助。

  7. A Novel Pharmacological Method to Study the Chinese Medicinal Formula Hua-Zheng-Hui-Sheng-Dan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rui Cao

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives. Hua-Zheng-Hui-Sheng-Dan (HZHSD was used as an experimental model to explore research methods of large formulae in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM using current molecular biology approaches. Materials and Methods. The trypan blue exclusion assay was used to determine cell viability and cell numbers. Flow cytometry was used to assess cell cycle distribution and apoptosis. The concentration of cyclin D1 was analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The median effect principle was used in drug combination studies. An orthogonal experimental design was used to estimate the effects of each herb at different concentrations. The HeLa xenograft mouse model was used to compare the antitumor activity of drugs in vivo. Results. Among the 35 herbs that comprise HZHSD, Radix Rehmanniae Preparata (RRP, Caesalpinia sappan (CS, Evodia rutaecarpa (ER, Folium Artemisiae Argyi (FAA, Leonurus japonicus Houtt (LJH, Tumeric (Tu, Radix Paeoniae Alba (RPA, and Trogopterus Dung (TD effectively inhibited the proliferation of HeLa and SKOV3 cells. Only RRR had an effect on HeLa and SKOV3 cell viability. According to the median effect principle, Angelica sinensis (Oliv. (AS, Tabanus (Ta, and Pollen Typhae (PT, which were proven to have a significant synergistic inhibitory effect on the proliferation of HeLa cells, were added to the original eight positive herbs. The combination of RPA and AS had a synergistic effect on inducing cell cycle S phase arrest and decreasing intracellular cyclin D1 in HeLa cells. By orthogonal experimental design, LJH and Tu were considered unnecessary herbs. The small formula (SHZHSD consisted of RPA, AS, RRR, Ta., TD, PT, ER, CS, and FAA and was able to inhibit cell proliferation and induce cell apoptosis. The antitumor effects of HZHSD and SHZHSD were also compared in vivo. Conclusions. Through molecular biology approaches both in vitro and in vivo, research into single drugs, and analysis using the median effect principle

  8. Hawaii Utility Integration Initiatives to Enable Wind (Wind HUI) Final Technical Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dora Nakafuji; Lisa Dangelmaier; Chris Reynolds

    2012-07-15

    monitoring using PMU devices and enhanced grid analysis tools; and Initiative 3: Identifying grid automation and smart technology architecture retrofit/improvement opportunities following a systematic review approach, inclusive of increasing renewables and variable distributed generation. Each of the initiative was conducted in partnership with industry technology and equipment providers to facilitate utility deployment experiences inform decision making, assess supporting infrastructure cost considerations, showcase state of the technology, address integration hurdles with viable workarounds. For each initiative, a multi-phased approach was followed that included 1) investigative planning and review of existing state-of-the-art, 2) hands on deployment experiences and 3) process implementation considerations. Each phase of the approach allowed for mid-course corrections, process review and change to any equipment/devices to be used by the utilities. To help the island grids transform legacy infrastructure, the Wind HUI provided more systematic approaches and exposure with vendor/manufacturers, hand-on review and experience with the equipment not only from the initial planning stages but through to deployment and assessment of field performance of some of the new, remote sensing and high-resolution grid monitoring technologies. HELCO became one of the first utilities in the nation to install and operate a high resolution (WindNet) network of remote sensing devices such as radiometers and SODARs to enable a short-term ramp event forecasting capability. This utility-industry and federal government partnership produced new information on wind energy forecasting including new data additions to the NOAA MADIS database; addressed remote sensing technology performance and O&M (operations and maintenance) challenges; assessed legacy equipment compatibility issues and technology solutions; evaluated cyber-security concerns; and engaged in community outreach opportunities that will

  9. Hawaii Utility Integration Initiatives to Enable Wind (Wind HUI) Final Technical Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dora Nakafuji; Lisa Dangelmaier; Chris Reynolds

    2012-07-15

    monitoring using PMU devices and enhanced grid analysis tools; and Initiative 3: Identifying grid automation and smart technology architecture retrofit/improvement opportunities following a systematic review approach, inclusive of increasing renewables and variable distributed generation. Each of the initiative was conducted in partnership with industry technology and equipment providers to facilitate utility deployment experiences inform decision making, assess supporting infrastructure cost considerations, showcase state of the technology, address integration hurdles with viable workarounds. For each initiative, a multi-phased approach was followed that included 1) investigative planning and review of existing state-of-the-art, 2) hands on deployment experiences and 3) process implementation considerations. Each phase of the approach allowed for mid-course corrections, process review and change to any equipment/devices to be used by the utilities. To help the island grids transform legacy infrastructure, the Wind HUI provided more systematic approaches and exposure with vendor/manufacturers, hand-on review and experience with the equipment not only from the initial planning stages but through to deployment and assessment of field performance of some of the new, remote sensing and high-resolution grid monitoring technologies. HELCO became one of the first utilities in the nation to install and operate a high resolution (WindNet) network of remote sensing devices such as radiometers and SODARs to enable a short-term ramp event forecasting capability. This utility-industry and federal government partnership produced new information on wind energy forecasting including new data additions to the NOAA MADIS database; addressed remote sensing technology performance and O&M (operations and maintenance) challenges; assessed legacy equipment compatibility issues and technology solutions; evaluated cyber-security concerns; and engaged in community outreach opportunities that will

  10. On the Outline Regarding Problems of the Hui Minority Muslim and its guidance in the Implementation of Yan' an Hui Policies%《关于回回民族问题的提纲》及其指导下的延安回族政策实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张小军

    2012-01-01

    1940年,西工委拟定《关于回回民族问题的提纲》(下文简称《提纲》),标志着党对回族的政策达到较高水平。《提纲》系统阐发了党对回族的政策:建立民族自治制度,保障回族在政治上与汉族享有平等权利;成立专门管理机构来管理民族事务;组织成立回族文化救国团体;培养民族干部,发展回族教育事业,实行文化上的平等;尊重伊斯兰教,尊重回民生活习惯等。延安时期的回族政策与实践,为新时期回族政策与理论发展提供了鲜活的历史参考。%In 1940, the Central Northwest Working Committee drew up the Outline about Problems of Hui ( Outline), indicating the CPC' s advancement of Hui policies. The Outline systematically explained the purposes of the CPC' s Hui policies : to establish a system of regional ethnic autonomy ; to ensure equal rights between Hui and Han in politics ; to found specialized departments in charge of ethnic affairs ; to establish groups interested in the na- tional preservation of Hui culture ; to develop the ethnic - minority cadres ; to improve the Hui educational facilities ; to carry out the cultural equity; to respect Islam and the conventions of the Hui, and so on. The implementation of Hui policies during the period of Yan' an provides living historical reference to Hui policies and theoretical develop- ment in today' s era.

  11. Analysis on the Legislation of Hui Customs-Case from Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region%回族习惯立法分析--以宁夏回族自治区为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄爱学

    2013-01-01

    As an ethnic group believing in Islam , Hui people influenced by the Islamic law , have their own character-istic custom and concept of value .Based on the regulations of Constitutions and Autonomous Charter , the local law system formed gradually , including the marriage custom , Halal food , funeral custom and custom of holidays .The legislation of Hui custom is very meaningful for sustaining the ethnic relations of equality , mutual help and harmony .%回族是全民信仰伊斯兰教的民族,受伊斯兰教法影响,回族形成了自己特有的风俗习惯和价值观念。依据《宪法》和《民族区域自治法》规定,宁夏回族自治区自治机关在行使民族立法自治权过程中,逐步形成了保障回族宗教信仰和风俗习惯的法律体系,主要包括婚姻习惯、清真食品、丧葬习惯和节庆习惯等方面的地方性法规和地方政府规章。回族习惯立法对于巩固和发展平等、团结、互助、和谐的民族关系具有重要意义。

  12. An analysis of Hui national Wushu from the perspective of sociology%社会学视野下的回族武术初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈星潭

    2016-01-01

    以社会学视角对回族武术进行探讨,认为民族信仰、军事参与、生存张力等多重因素维持了回族尚武的传统。回族在日常生活中,借助身体圣行再现尚武秉性,并形成地方特色;通过拳种的传统再造,扩大民族间的认同,实现中华民族多元一体格局下的文化共生。%From the perspective of sociology, the author probed into Hui national Wushu, and put forward the fol-lowing opinions: multiple factors, such as national belief, military involvement and survival tension etc, have main-tained the warrior tradition of the Hui nationality; in the daily life of the Hui nationality, the Hui people reproduce their warrior nature by means of body ritual, having formed a local landscape, and expanded recognition between nationalities and realized cultural symbiosis under the all Chinese nations united situation through tradition repro-duction of boxing.

  13. An Survey of the Hui Chen You's Family During the Ming Dynasty%明朝回回人陈友家族考述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈亮

    2012-01-01

    有明一代,涌现出一大批著名的回回军事家、政治家、外交家等等,他们对明朝的巩固与发展作出了巨大贡献和牺牲。"西域回回"陈友以出使起家,后因军功封为世爵,成为明朝回回人当中的标志性人物。对陈友个人及其家族成员的事迹考述,对研究明代回回人的历史活动以及历史作用有重要的价值。%During the Ming dynasty, there emerged many notable Hui militarists, politicians and diplomats who made a number of contributions at personal sacrifice in order to further the consolidation and development of the country. As a Serindia Hui, Chen You got his start from a career as a diplomat and was offered a marquis title on the basis of his military exploits. During the Ming Dynasty, he became an iconic figure amongst the Hui. Through this historical survey of Chen You and his family, we see the significant value he has with regard towards the histori- cal activity and influence of the Hui during the Ming dynasty.

  14. Business Ethics of The Hui Nationality & Its Contemporary Significance%回族的商业伦理思想及其当代意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓华; 吕广文

    2012-01-01

      回族起源于唐宋时期阿拉伯地区的来华商人,是一个以商为本的民族。回族商人在长期的经济活动中形成了一套集法律、宗教、道德于一体的商业伦理思想,在这一独具特色思想的指导下,回民族的经济健康、有序地发展,民族不断繁荣强大。在今天的社会主义市场经济体制下,弘扬回族商业伦理思想,仍然具有十分重要的现实指导意义。%  The Hui Nationality originated from the Arabian merchants came to china in the Tang and Song Dynasties, it is a business-oriented nation. By the long-term economic activities, Hui merchants formed a set of business ethics incorporating the law, religion and morality. Under the guidance of this unique idea, Hui's economy achieves sound and orderly development, and their nation becomes more and more prosperous and powerful. In the context of today’s socialist market economic system, carrying forward the business ethics of the Hui Nationality sill has important practical and guiding significance.

  15. Analysis of the Ecological Migration Pattern in Ethnic Minority Areas——A Case Study of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    By taking Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region as an example,this paper analyzes the ecological migration pattern in ethnic minority areas.The basic patterns of development for poverty relief in Ningxia are in-situ migration and new area development pattern.The new area development pattern includes three types,namely small town development pattern around urban radiation districts,urban labor migration pattern,and large-scale ecological migration pattern.Finally,successful experience of ecological migration in Ningxia is summarized.First,scientific industrial planning shall be made on the basis of proper selection of ecological migration location in immigrant settlement regions.Second,scientific and comprehensive ecological migration policies should be formulated.

  16. La république en Grande-Bretagne aujourd’hui : une idée anglaise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antoine MIOCHE

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available Il peut paraître y avoir un paradoxe à parler de république aujourd’hui en Grande-Bretagne en ceci que seule ou presque la Grande-Bretagne, de ce qui fut le vaste Empire britannique, est demeurée une monarchie. Des États-Unis à la Rhodésie, en passant par l’Inde et l’Irlande (à l’exception importante du nord de l’île, les anciens territoires britanniques ont opté majoritairement pour un régime parlementaire non monarchique, l’Australie, le Canada et la Nouvelle-Zélande étant d’intéressantes ...

  17. 试论《回回药方》治疗脑系疾病滴鼻剂的剂型特点%On Characteristics of Drug Forms of Nose Drops for Brain Disease in HuiHui YaoFang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘耀龙; 马晓东; 丁小龙; 王佩佩; 贾孟辉

    2012-01-01

    Medical theory of Hui nationality, prescription names, formation, preparation and instruction of 19 recipes for brain disease from 12th remained volume "ZhongFengMen-ZuoTan YouHuang KouYan WaiXieLei" of HuiHui YaoFang were analyzed and concluded to explore characteristic of drug forms of nose drops and promote clinical application of external nose drops.%对残卷十二"众风门-左瘫右痪口眼歪斜类"治疗脑系疾病的19首滴鼻剂的回族医学理论、方剂名称、药物组成、制备服法进行分析、归纳和总结,探讨回族医学滴鼻剂的剂型特点,并在临床中推广使用.

  18. 浅析回族服饰的文化象征性%Analysis of Cultural Symbolic Significance of the Hui Ethnic Dress

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金婷

    2011-01-01

    回族作为以伊斯兰为民族文化根源的民族,在历史发展进程中呈现出伊斯兰教的内化与对汉族文化涵化同时发生而联系又紧密的特点。回族服饰具有伊斯兰文化与中华文化二元一体的结构特点,在伊斯兰文化语境下又体现出宗教文化的象征性。伊斯兰教的内化和汉族文化涵化构成了回族服饰文化的核心和其演变的主题。%The Hui ethnic group bases itself on Islam,presenting that Islamic internalization goes hand in hand with the Han ethnic cultural acculturation in the long development process.The Hui ethnic dress is featured by Islamic-Chinese culture integration.It represents both religious and cultural symbolic significance in the context of Islamic culture.Therefore,Islamic internalization and the Han ethnic cultural acculturation constitute the core of the Hui ethnic dress culture.

  19. [Tai ping sheng hui fang (Taiping Holy Prescriptions for Universal Relief) and the compilation during the early Song Dynasty].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Yi

    2010-07-01

    Tai ping sheng hui fang, the first medical formulary of the Song Dynasty, compiled from the 3(rd) year of Taiping-xingguo reign to the 3(rd) year of Chunhua reign (978 ∼ 992), under the edict of the Taizong Emperor, was popularly applied and extensively circulated and called "the first formulary of the Dynasty". It is extremely significant in the medical history of the Song Dynasty due to its theory of prescription art, practical prescriptions and clinical practice. During the process of its circulation, different versions appeared, including the Guozijian Orthodox Version, Guozijian Small-character Version, Chongwen Hall Abridged Version, Newly Carved Version of Zhuanyunsi, and the Local Abridged Version, thus adapting to the demands of various walks of life in the society. Its unique role in the development of the Song society was founded by its introduction, application and popularization by the emperors, local officials, medical scholars, diplomatic envoys, and intellectuals. The "kind administration" of the authority and the government was further greatly facilitated by the involvement of the government and the introduction of printing. Its practical prescriptions became forceful tools to prevent and treat diseases, to conquer witchcraft, to protect local social security, and to pronounce the merits of officials and physicians at all levels.

  20. The prevalence of antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii in horses in Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture, Xinjiang, northwestern China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jin-Lei Wang

    Full Text Available Toxoplasmosis is a worldwide zoonosis caused by Toxoplasma gondii, which can infect warm-blooded animals and humans. The present study was performed to investigate the seroprevalence of T. gondii in horses in Xinjiang, northwestern China. A total of 637 blood samples were collected from seven regions in Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture, Xinjiang in 2011 and assayed for T. gondiiantibodies using the modified agglutination test (MAT. Risk factors (age, gender, and region related to seroprevalence were determined by a multivariate logistic regression analysis. A total of 200 horses (31.4%, 95% CI 27.79–35.00 were seropositive for T. gondii. Age, gender, and region present no association with seroprevalence (p>0.05 in the logistic regression analysis. The results indicated that T. gondii is widely prevalent in horses in Xinjiang, northwestern China, representing a serious threat to animal and human health. Therefore, more careful measures should be performed to control and prevent T. gondii infection in horses from Xinjiang, northwestern China.

  1. Regional Evaluation of Wind Erosion of the Loess Plateau in Pengyang County, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sun Baoping; Ding Guodong; Li Yubao

    2003-01-01

    The loess plateau in China is well-known for its severe water erosion. A nationwide soil erosion survey discovered that wind erosion of the loess land is also greatly concerned. The severity of wind erosion for each land use in Pengyang County of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China, was evaluated according to the national standard of soil erosion classification. The evaluation system includes a GIS database, an evaluation indicator system and a classification system for land and land use. The erodible nature of soil and annual soil loss of the most erodible land were obtained as follows: (1) Croplands plowed and harrowed in late autumn were the most erodible land,with an erosion intensity of medium grade and an erodible proportion of 46%; (2) The erodible proportion of natural grasslands was between 19.3% and 21.5%, whose erosion intensity was of mostly tolerable grade; (3) When it came to the whole county, there was 21.3% of the total area in tolerable grade in terms of wind erosion intensity, 42.1% slight and 34.8% medium.

  2. Temporal-Spatial Variation of Drought Indicated by SPI and SPEI in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chunping Tan

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region of China (Ningxia is an important food production area in northwest China severely affected by drought. The Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI and Standardized Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index (SPEI were calculated based on monthly meteorological data to explore climate change and variation in drought intensity, duration, frequency, and spatial extent in Ningxia during 1972–2011. Results show that the SPEI is more applicable than the SPI for exploring climate change and drought variation in Ningxia. The Ningxia climate experienced a significant drying tendency. Annual SPEI decreased about 0.37 decade−1 during 1972–2011. Drought was exacerbated by this drying tendency. Regional average duration, maximum duration, intensity, and frequency of drought identified by the SPEI increased by one month, three months, 0.15%, and 36.1%, respectively, during 1992–2011 compared to the period of 1972–1991. The spatial extent of drought identified by the SPEI increased about 14.4% decade−1 in the spring during 1972–2011. Spatially, drought frequency increased from north to south. Average intensity (maximum duration of drought calculated by the SPEI increased (decreased northward and southward from the central arid area.

  3. 西北回族抗日史研究%On History of Resistance against Japanese Aggression of Northwest Hui Nationality

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨志平; 海万玲

    2015-01-01

    日本全面侵华后,由于兵力所限,虽未对西北地区进行地面武装侵扰,但通过军机轰炸、策划“回回国”阴谋等行径,对西北人民犯下了滔天罪行。在民族存亡之际,西北回族人民同全国各族人民一起在各条战线上展开了反侵略斗争,其中以回族、撒拉族、保安族等为主要成员的骑兵第一师、第81军在正面战场与日军展开了殊死较量,战绩辉煌。此外,回族民众还利用与中东伊斯兰国家的友好关系,开展民间外交奔赴中东地区传播抗日救亡思想并寻求国际支持与理解,宗教人士则通过自身声望影响穆斯林参军抗日,回族社团与报刊也充分发挥社会职责,揭露日本离间回汉关系、肢解中国的阴谋,鼓励回胞奔赴前线杀敌卫国,文艺工作者更是以各种文艺形式宣传抗日救亡思想。经过战争的洗礼,回族社会空前团结,爱国主义精神和国家认同感更加强烈。%After staging large-scale aggression war into China,though restricted by the lack of militar-y force,Japan had not staged land invasion into northwest China,they still conducted aerial bombing, schemed to establish"Huihui State",and committed serious crimes to the people there.At this criti-cal moment of death or life for the nation,along with all other nationalities,people of Hui nationality in northwest China launched the fight against Japanese aggression.The first cavalry division and 81th army (both mainly consisted of Hui,Sala,and Baoan nationalities)fought face-to-face against Japa-nese invaders and had extraordinary battle achievements.Besides,due to friendly relationship with Is-lamic nations in Mideast,people of Hui nationality went to Mideast to seek international support and understanding for this very cause.With their own influence,religious figures encouraged Muslims to join the arm.Societies and newspapers of Hui nationality played full social role to disclose

  4. Study on mosque architectural form development of the Hui Nationality in the Yellow River Basin%黄河流域回族清真寺建筑形态发展研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨新新

    2015-01-01

    以中国黄河流域的回族聚居区为研究范围,以回族清真寺为研究对象,通过探讨黄河流域回族清真寺的建筑形态发展,分析了回族清真寺在我国回族穆斯林生活中的作用,并对其保护与发展措施进行了研究,以期为我国伊斯兰建筑艺术的研究和回族清真寺的发展提供参考。%Taking the Hui Nationality concentrated area of the Yellow River Basin in China as the research scope,taking the Hui Nationality mosque as the research target,through explores the architectural form development of the Hui Nationality mosque of the Yellow River Basin,the paper analyzes the role of the Hui Nationality mosque in domestic Muslim living,and studies its protection and development,with a view to pro-vide some guidance for domestic Muslim building arts research and the Hui Nationality mosque development.

  5. 恢刺法治疗急性肩周炎50例%Treatment of 50 Patients with Acute Shoulder Periarthritis by Hui Acupuncture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王孝艳; 张轶鸣; 贾延涛; 王慧; 岳全; 吴继开; 陈斯

    2015-01-01

    目的:观察恢刺法针刺阳陵泉、阿是穴治疗急性肩周炎的临床疗效。方法:将100例肩周炎患者随机分为治疗组,对照组。治疗组50例采用恢刺法针刺阳陵泉、阿是穴治疗;对照组50例采用常规针刺治疗。均每天针刺1次,疗程2周,观察其疗效。结果:治疗组疗效明显高于对照组。结论:恢刺法针刺阳陵泉、阿是穴治疗急性肩周炎可缓解疼痛,改善肩关节活动度,有较好疗效。%Objective:To observe the clinical effects on the acute shoulder periarthritis by Hui acupuncture at Yanglingquan point and Ashi point.Methods:100 patients were randomly divided into two groups:a treatment group and a control group.Among them, 50 patients in the treatment group were treated by Hui acupuncture at Yanglingquan point and Ashi point while other 50 patients in the control group received normal acupuncture treatment.During the two weeks’ treatment, all the patients were acupunctured once a day.Results:Patients in the treatment group felt much relieved than those in the control group.Conclusion:Hui acupuncture at Yan-glingquan point and Ashi point turns out to be a desirably effective way to treat acute shoulder periarthritis.

  6. Development obstacles of poor rural Hui ethnic females and its countermeasures: Based on survey data of 1 327 Hui ethnic females of Guanghe county%回族农村女性的发展障碍与应对策略——基于广河县1327名回族女性的调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩振兴; 韩建民

    2012-01-01

    Based on the survey data of 1 327 poor rural Hui ethnic females (over fourteen years old) of Guanghe county, Gansu province, this paper finds that due to the influence of traditional family value, poor healthy condition and poor exploitation of human resources, poor rural Hui women face many development obstacles such as their low status in the family, low educational background, little social participation. Hence, the writer proposes some countermeasures so as to promote the sound development of rural Hui women: to advocate new religion and family concept; to promote the education and training of the rural Hui women; to recognize the value of rural women's housework; to encourage them to engage in some small business and provide small loans to them.%基于甘肃广河县294户回族家庭1 327名回族女性(14岁以上)的调查发现,由于传统宗教家庭观念限制、身体健康水平欠佳以及人力资源的教育性开发不力等因素影响,回族农村女性面临诸多发展障碍,如家庭经济地位低下、文化程度不高、社会参与度低等。据此,应提倡新的宗教、家庭观念;加强回族农村女性教育,强化其农业科技知识培训;认定农村女性家务劳动的实际价值,鼓励其从事基本商业贸易并提供小额贷款倾斜政策,最终促进回族农村女性自身的良性发展。

  7. Appendix I3-1 to Wind HUI Initiative 1: AWST-WindNET-Phase 1 Final Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    John Zack

    2012-07-15

    This report is an appendix to the Hawaii WindHUI efforts to develop and operationalize short-term wind forecasting and wind ramp event forecasting capabilities. The report summarizes the WindNET Phase 1 efforts on the Big Island of Hawaii and includes descriptions of modeling methodologies, use of field validation data, results and recommendations. The objective of the WindNET project was to investigate the improvement that could be obtained in short-term wind power forecasting for wind generation facilities operating on the island grids operated by Hawaiian Electric Companies through the use of atmospheric sensors deployed at targeted locations. WindNET is envisioned as a multiphase project that will address the short-term wind forecasting issues of all of the wind generation facilities on the all of the Hawaiian Electric Companies' island grid systems. The first phase of the WindNET effort (referred to as WindNET-1) was focused on the wind generation facilities on the Big Island of Hawaii. With complex terrain and marine environment, emphasis was on improving the 0 to 6 hour forecasts of wind power ramps and periods of wind variability, with a particular interest in the intra-hour (0-1 hour) look-ahead period. The WindNET project was built upon a foundation that was constructed with the results from a previously completed observation targeting study for the Big Island that was conducted as part of a project supported by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and interactions with the western utilities. The observational targeting study provided guidance on which variables to measure and at what locations to get the most improvement in forecast performance at a target forecast site. The recommendations of the observation targeting study were based on the application two techniques: (1) an objective method called ensemble sensitivity analysis (ESA) (Ancell and Hakim, 2007; Torn and Hakim, 2008; Zack et al, 2010); and (2) a subjective method based on a

  8. 伊斯兰哲学宇宙论对回族传统宗教信仰文化的影响%Chinese Islamic Philosophy to Hui Traditional Cosmological Religious Beliefs Cultural Influence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邱双成; 崔华华

    2012-01-01

    伊斯兰哲学宇宙论与回族传统宗教信仰文化联系异常密切。回族传统宗教信仰文化的形成、内容以及形式等都深受伊斯兰哲学宇宙论的影响。对伊斯兰哲学宇宙论与回族传统宗教信仰文化的关系进行深入研究具有积极的意义。%Chinese Islamic philosophy cosmology and Hui traditional religious beliefs and cultural links are unusual close. Hui traditional religious cultural formation, religious belief culture content as well as religious cultural form etc all deeply influence of Chinese islamic philosophy cosmology. Islamic philosophy in China the hui traditional religion cosmology and in-depth study relation to culture has positive significance.

  9. Van huis naar school.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Levelt, P.B.M.

    1989-01-01

    In the Netherlands about two and a half million children are going each day to school as pedestrian, as cyclist or as moped- rider. It is important to remember that these children are forced by the society to go to school and the society has therefore the responsibility for the safe journey to schoo

  10. 回药少尼子的本草考证%Research on Materia Medica of Hui Herbal Medicine ShaoNiZi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨丽娟; 何婷; 高如宏

    2016-01-01

    According to the record in YanXingLu, prophet Mohammed said Hui medicine can cure many of disease. So we made a research on materia medica of Hui Herbal Medicine ShaoNiZi in Huihui prescriptions from several aspects, including Species research, historical records, origin, chemical composition, pharmacological ef-fects, traditional and modern medicine usage, and security as well, and found that it is the dry mature seed of the Ra-nunculaceae Nigella sativa L. Because of its wide therapeutic range, safety and non-toxic, it values to research.%《言行录》记载回药少尼子能够治疗许多疾病。因此本研究从品种考证、历史记载、产地、化学成分、药理作用、传统及现代医学用法、安全性等方面对《回回药方》中少尼子进行本草考证研究,确定其为毛茛科植物家黑种草 Nigella sativa L.的干燥成熟种子,其治疗范围极其广泛,且安全无毒,具有很大的研究价值。

  11. The Banquet Music of Hui Nationality in the Inheritance and the Variation%回族宴席曲的传承及流变

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓君

    2015-01-01

    回族宴席曲是西北流行的古老民间音乐形式,是我国民间音乐文化艺术的奇葩。它既保留了本民族的音乐特征又吸收了多民族音乐文化元素,演唱中自然夹杂了本民族语言及地方方言等词汇,特色鲜明,韵味独特。本文对回族宴席曲的传承和流变进行了概述,并通过典型的例子诠释了回族宴席曲的流变。%The Banquet music of Hui nationality is an ancient folk music in the northwest and a miracle of Chinese folk music culture .It retains the national music characteristics and absorbs other national music cultural elements ,singing naturally mixed with their native language and dialect ,which are distinctive and peculiar .In this paper ,the inheritance and evolvement of the Banquet music of Hui nationality are summa‐rized ,and the evolvement is interpreted by typical examples .

  12. 甘肃临夏回族自治州回族老年人根面龋发病状况的抽样调查与分析%Incidence of root caries in Hui elderly people of Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture:a sampling survey

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    司庆宗; 安晓莉; 李淼; 马占海; 马玉梅; 赵望泓

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the incidence of root caries in Hui elderly people of Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture, Gansu Province. Methods Root caries in 436 Hui elderly people aged 65 -74 years and their clinical examination were investigated with questionnaire by random sampling according to the third national oral health survey standards and methods. Results The incidence of root caries in Hui elderly people of Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture was 28. 90% , with mean number of root caries of 0. 42. No significant difference was found in the incidence of root caries between urban and rural areas and between male and female (P >0.05). The filling rate of root caries was only 0. 68%. The root caries index ( RCI) value was 2. 85% and 2.76% , respectively, in the distal and mesial surfaces. The RCI value was higher in maxillary teeth than in corresponding mandibular teeth. Root caries involving one root surface was detected in 88. 7% of Hui elderly people. Logistic regression analysis showed that frequency of teeth brushing and sugar food intake was closely related with the occurrence of root caries in Hui elderly people of Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture ( OR; 0. 492,95%C7:0.317 to 0.764,P =0.002;OR:l. 654,95%C/:1.033 to 2.648,P =0.036). Conclusion The incidence of root caries in Hui elderly people of Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture is low due to their good oral health and life habits. However, root caries is rarely treated, thus needing instructions on their oral health and taking more preventive measures against their oral diseases.%目的 了解并分析甘肃省临夏回族自治州回族老年人根面龋发病状况.方法 按照第三次全国口腔健康流行病学调查标准和方法,采用多阶段分层等容量随机抽样方法对436例临夏回族65 ~ 74岁老年人进行问卷调查及根面龋的口腔临床检查.结果 临夏市65 ~ 74岁回族老年人恒牙根面龋患病率为28.90%,龋均为0.42.患龋率和龋均在城乡和性别

  13. 论回族的宗教信仰与养生保健%On Religious Beliefs and Health Preservation of Hui Group

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱国明

    2015-01-01

    In the perspective of Hui Muslims ,birth ,aging ,illness and death are the eternal laws of nature ,which are irresistible to human beings .Death of the mortal body is not the end but the continuum of human life and it may resurrect in the after life .Such a view of life has determined their ways of living different from Chinese Taoists who pursue immortal lives .The health preservation concepts of the Hui group are closely linked with their religious beliefs and living habits which influence their health values .From the perspective of traditional Chinese health preservation culture ,the religious activities and habits of Hui Muslims contain profound knowledge of health preservation .Meanwhile ,some of the wisdom and rationale can definitively serve as valuable guidance and inspiration for modern people in their pursuit of a healthy and satisfying life .%在回族穆斯林的思想观念中,生老病死是永恒的自然规律,不可抗拒。今世的死亡不是人生的结束,而是人生的继续,人的生命在后世还会复活。这样的生命观决定了他们不可能像中国道家一样去寻求长生不老的方式方法来延长自己的生命。回族穆斯林的养生保健,与他们的宗教信仰以及由其影响的健康生活习惯有密切的联系。在中国传统养生文化看来,回族穆斯林的宗教活动和日常生活习惯包含了丰富的养生之道。其中一些合理的观念和行为对当前人们的身心健康也具有重要的启示和借鉴作用。

  14. The Transfer of Land Contractual Management Rights in Ethnic Village--A Case Study of Ya’ergou Village in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Based on field survey in Ya’ergou Village,Yuanzhou District,Guyuan City,the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region,we analyze the status quo of the transfer of land contractual management rights in this village,and study the basic information,form,characteristics,and problems concerning the transfer of land contractual management rights in this nationality village.Then corresponding countermeasures are put forward for promoting the transfer of land contractual management rights in ethnic village as follows:strengthening the publicity of the policy in order to improve farmers’ ideological understanding;raising the rent in order to promote the transfer of the land contractual management rights;diverting the governmental investment to the talented people within village;consolidating management and resolving disputes in the transfer timely and effectively.

  15. L’expérience de la carrière scientifique aujourd’hui. Zoom sur le vécu de chercheurs postdoctorants

    OpenAIRE

    Fusulier, Bernard

    2016-01-01

    Cet article vise à alimenter le débat sur la régulation de la science et des carrières scientifiques aujourd’hui. Bien que fondé sur une analyse de l’organisation de la recherche en Belgique, il révèle certains aspects généralisables en particulier au système français. Il repose empiriquement sur une enquête ayant ciblé les chargés de recherches (postdoctorants) du Fonds national de la recherche scientifique (FNRS) initiée en 2010 à l’Université catholique de Louvain. Dans un premier temps, e...

  16. 从“区域”到“整体”:回族史研究的历史人类学思考%From Region to Entirety:a Historical Anthropology Study on Hui Muslims’ History

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沙彦奋

    2016-01-01

    目前,回族历史研究主要存在三种取向:一是受传统史学研究的影响,研究材料主要依赖于文献资料,缺乏对民间资料的重视;二是受回族分布格局的影响,区域性特点鲜明;三是受学科的影响,研究方法比较单一。文化的地域性和区域历史的特殊性,是回族历史研究不能忽视的两个方面。突出区域文化在回族历史研究方面有重要的作用。在加强回族区域历史“文本”书写的同时,注重回族史研究的整体建构,是回族历史研究应有之义。%At present, the historical study of the Hui Muslims mainly exists three kinds of orientation , the first was affected by the tradi-tional historical research , which was the materials research mainly depended on the literature ,and lack of attention to the private information;the second was affected by the distribution pattern of Hui Muslims with distinctive regional characteristics;the third was affected by subject, research method is relatively homogeneous .Regional culture and the specialty of regional history are two aspects not be ignored .Highlighting the regional culture plays an important role in the study of Hui Muslims ’ history.While strengthening the “text” writing of the Hui Mus-lims’ regional history, overall construction of the research on Hui Muslims’ history is the significance of the research.

  17. Le fonctionnement en réseau comme élément du contexte d’intervention en santé mentale aujourd’hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabelle Deliège

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Le contexte dans lequel sont aujourd’hui amenés à intervenir les professionnels de la santé mentale est de plus en plus marqué par les pratiques de collaboration qui se développent au-delà des frontières d’une institution, qu’on appelle aussi le "travail en réseau". Le modèle du réseau s’est construit en opposition à celui de l’institution; ces deux modèles de fonctionnement se différencient tant dans le rapport qu’ils entretiennent au savoir, qu’à la norme et au contrôle. Cet article resitue l’émergence du concept de réseau dans les politiques publiques belges. Le fonctionnement en réseau dans la pratique soulève aussi une série de difficultés et de questions comme la cohabitation des logiques institutionnelles et réticulaires, la répartition de la responsabilité et les modalités de prise de décision, l’intérêt de la formalisation (ou non des procédures, la responsabilisation de l’usager des services de santé mentale et l’articulation des savoirs autant de questions que pose aujourd’hui le contexte d’intervention en santé mentale.

  18. 回族人群饮食习惯与胃癌发生的相关性研究%Study on correlation of dietary habits and risk of gastric cancer in Hui population

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨晓辉; 葛箭; 蔡慧珍; 葛云叶

    2012-01-01

    目的 研究回族人群独特的饮食习惯与胃癌患病的相关性,并进一步探讨与回族人群胃癌发病相关的饮食危险因素.方法 采用1∶1配对的病例对照研究方法,问卷调查126例胃癌和贲门癌回族患者以及126例非病例回族人群的饮食习惯,采用单因素和多因素条件Logistic回归模型进行数据分析.结果 经单因素与多因素条件Logistic回归分析结果显示,三餐不定时、常食腌制食品、常食油炸食品均有统计学意义(P<0.05,OR值分别为3.054,2.363,1.915).常食水果可降低胃癌的发生(OR=0.281,P<0.01).结论 三餐不定时、常食腌制食品及常食油炸食品可能会增加回族人群胃癌患病的危险性,而多食水果是回族胃癌的保护因素.%OBJECTIVE To study correlation of the special dietary habits and the risk of gastric cancer in Hui population, and to explore the risk factors of diet associated with gastric cancer in Hui population. METHODS 1:1 matched case-control study was conducted in 126 Hui people with gastric cancer, cardiac carcinoma and normal Hui people. Questionnaire including diet factors was used in the subjects. The data were analyzed by mono-factorial and multi-factorial conditional Logistic regression. RESULTS It revealed in mono-factorial and multi-factorial conditional Logistic regression analysis that there was a significant correlation between taking meals at irregular time, taking pickled foods frequently, taking fried foods frequently and gastric cancer in Hui people with odds ratios of 3.054, 2.363, and 1.915 respectively (P < 0.05). The results also showed that taking fresh fruit frequently was likely to decrease the risk of gastric cancer in Hui people (OR =0.281, P < 0.01). CONCLUSION The study shows that the dietary habits are associated with gastric cancer in Hui population as taking meals at irregular time, taking pickled foods frequently, taking fried foods frequently are the possible risk factors for

  19. The Status and Role of Hui people in Economic Development of Ningxia in Qing Dynasty%回族在清代宁夏经济发展中的地位和作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘锦增

    2016-01-01

    Hui people is an important component of the population of Ningxia in Qing Dynasty.In the early pe-riod of Qing Dynasty, Hui people mainly inhabited in areas like Xiji, Haiyuan, Guyuan, Tongxin, Jinji, Lingzhou, Wuzhong and Pingluo, where agriculture was relatively developed and traffic was relatively convenient, and the pop-ulation of Hui people living in the North was much more than that in the South.In the late Qing Dynasty, Guyuan, Yanchi and Tongxin became their main inhabiting areas.Hui people in Ningxia play an important role in the devel-opment of agriculture, handicraft industry and business in Qing Dynasty.In the long-term economic activities in Qing Dynasty, an economic structure of Hui people in Ningxia was formed in which they were mainly engaged in ag-riculture and concurrently engaged in animal husbandry and handicraft industry.It is very significant for our man-agement of ethnic relations and acceleration of economic development of Ningxia to understand and acknowledge the role Hui people ever played in the economic development of Ningxia in ancient times.%回族是清代宁夏人口的重要组成部分。清代前期,宁夏的回族主要集中在西吉、海原、固原、同心、金积、灵州、吴忠、平罗等农业相对发达、交通较为便利的地区,且北部多于南部。清代后期,固原、同心等地成为回族的聚居区。回族在清代宁夏农牧业、手工业和商业的发展中起了很大作用。清代宁夏的回族在长期的经济活动中,形成了以农业为主,兼营畜牧业、手工业和商业的经济结构。正确认识和了解回族在古代宁夏经济开发中的作用,对于当前正确处理民族关系、加快宁夏经济发展具有重要的意义。

  20. Exploring the effect of hui-merchant’s clan sense and family business in Anhui%徽商宗族观对当代安徽家族企业发展的作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    As the support of clan, ancient hui-merchants were al-powerful more then 300 years. Nowadays, there are many family business improve rapidly in the land of Anhui with the support of family. This thesis explores the interaction between the hui-merchants and lineage from the clan sense, at the same time, sums up the inheritance and development of hui-merchants on the clan sense. Exploring the advantage of the hui-merchants’ clan sense. The purpose is to find out how the clan sense support the Anhui family business entrepreneurial management, and take great use of its benefits. So we can improve the succes ful rate of the family business entrepreneurship, and promote the development of the enterprises in Anhui.%  由于宗族力量等原因的支持,古徽商携亲带友在商场叱咤风云三百余年。今天,在徽商曾经居住过的土地上,由于家族力量的支持,新徽商的家族企业正在快速发展。本文从宗族观角度出发,探究徽商与宗族之间的相互作用,研究家族企业的特点和发展过程,同时,总结新徽商对徽商宗族观的继承和发展,目的是为了发现宗族观对安徽家族企业的影响,积极利用其有利方面,从而提高家族企业创业的成功率,促进安徽家族企业的发展。

  1. Creativity Makes A New County——Hui Autonomous County of Dachang%图强求精天地新创意水乡展宏图——大厂回族自治县

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ Hui Autonomous County of Dachang was established in 1955, a Beijing-nearest county of ethnic minority group. Dachang, is a creative city from water. It is origi-nally a piece of vast grassland with beauti-ful scenery full of spring and grass. The emperor Zhu Li of Ming Dynasty estab-lished royal horse ground here and granted Dachang as its name.

  2. Bibliometrics Analysis on the Periodical Literature in the Journal of Hui Muslim Minority Studies in China%我国回族研究引用期刊文献计量分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘玉霞

    2012-01-01

    Taking the 2001-2010 statistical data of refers to the periodical literature of Journal of Hui Muslim Minority Studies which is the unique academic journal to study the historical culture of Hui nationality and the problem of the Hui nationality during the Socialist period as the base, the paper makes the statistics and analysis on the reference frequency, the kinds of reference periodicals, subject publications of the referred papers and papers publishment, and so on, from the perspective of bibliometrics.%以我国唯一的全方位研究回族历史文化及社会主义时期回族问题的学术性期刊——《回族研究》2001-2010年引用期刊文献的统计数据为蓝本,从引用频次、引用期刊种类、引用论文的学科发布及著者发布等方面,从文献计量学视角,进行了统计与分析.

  3. 论回族口承非物质文化的传承与保护%Research on the Inheritance and Protection of the Oral Culture of the Hui Minority

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马晓琴

    2012-01-01

    The oral cultural heritage of the Hui is rich in content and vast in scope. Related government de- partments and scholars have made positive efforts and attained a certain level of success in rescuing and protecting intangible aspects of Hui culture. However, with the shock of globalization and modernization, the oral culture of the Hui is confronted with marginalization and eradication. For this reason, there is an urgent need for the inherit- ance and protection of its cultural heritage.%回族口承非物质文化遗产内容丰富,种类众多。相关政府部门和学者积极有为,在抢救和保护回族非物质文化方面作出积极努力并取得一定成效。但在全球化和现代化的冲击下,回族口承文化仍然面临边缘化和被消解的窘境。因此,对其保护和传承工作亟须跟进。

  4. 临夏回族舞蹈的动律特征及形成因素%Movement Patterns and Formative factors of Hui Dance in Linxia Area,Gansu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马路明; 李琦

    2011-01-01

    "动律"是一个民族舞蹈风格的重要体现,对动律特征及形成因素的深入分析,能帮助我们理解该民族舞蹈中的多元文化现象。笔者以甘肃临夏地区的回族舞蹈为切入点,试析在特定的自然环境、生活习俗和民族心理等因素中回族舞蹈的动律特征及形成因素,以进一步推进回族舞蹈的继承与发展。%Movement pattern is an important manifestation of ethnic dance styles. By analyzing features of movement patterns and their formative factors,multi-cultures can be revealed in the ethnic dance. The author of the paper examines Hui dance in Linxia area of Gansu Province,analyzing how specific environment,living habit and customs as well as ethnic psychology has influenced the movement patterns and formation of the dance of Hui people. The purpose of the study is to offer suggestions to the inheritance and development of Hui dance.

  5. Hui Musl ims’ National Identity and Cultural Consciousnesses duringAnti-Japanese War%抗日战争时期回族的国家意识与文化自觉

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓霞

    2015-01-01

    国家意识提升与民族文化自觉是近现代以来回族发展的新气象,在抗日战争时期,回族更是以奋勇抗战、爱国爱教的实际行动体现出回族在近代民族国家条件下对民族与国家利益相一致关系的深刻认识。回族的民族文化自觉也将回族引向现代民族发展之路。%Chinese Hui Muslims had promoted national identity and ethnic cultural consciousness since modern China , which as a new phenomenon, had been embodied during the anti-Japanese war that Hui Muslims implemented their ideology of Love Nation and Love Islam into effect.Hui Muslims’ ethnic cultural consciousness helped themselves find a route to modern development .

  6. Analysis of the Source of the Famous Brand of the Hui Muslims’ Restaurant%回族餐饮老字号品牌资产来源分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    景娥

    2015-01-01

    Hui Muslims’ famous brands are the precious heritage after many years of operation, which is influenced by the epitome of the Hui culture. Brand awareness, brand loyalty, brand association are three elements which have significant positive impact on Hui Mus-lims’ famous brands. In this article, we suggest that the famous brands consistently help update the brand connotation, constantly enhance the brand awareness, foster customer brand loyalty, and establish a convenient service business philosophy.%回族餐饮老字号是回族文化的宝贵资产。品牌认知、品牌忠诚度、品牌联想三个要素对回族餐饮老字号品牌资产有显著正向影响,建议回族老字号更新回族餐饮老字号品牌内涵,不断提升品牌知名度,培育顾客品牌忠诚度,树立便捷服务经营理念。

  7. Zoning by Functions of Small-Scale Forest Ecosystems:A Case Study of Hui-Sun Forest Station in Taiwan Province,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chang Hsiaofei; Wang Yanglin; Li Zhengguo; Hsueh Ichen

    2006-01-01

    To optimize the spatial structure of an ecosystem,a forest landscape was selected as a research object.Based on the theory of structure and functions of landscape ecology,combined with the analysis of the characteristics of the inner structure in an ecosystem,this paper proposes to establish certain procedures to regulate the spatial structure of this forest landscape and construct a landscape pattern of forest ecosystem functions.Considering the functions of biologic production,environmental services,and cultural support in forest ecosystems,forest landscape zones should consist of areas of forest production,research,experimentation,recreation,and conservation to add value to the forest ecosystem,enhance its functions,and then identify the relevant environmental factors according to the environment featured in the research area.Based on the methods of landscape ecology and ecological planning,this paper develops a zoning project of ecosystem functions suitable for various environments.For this research,the Hui-Sun forest station in Taiwan Province,China was selected to be the experimental area for studying the feasibility of developing a zoning project of forest ecosystem services and the suitability of optimizing the spatial structures of the services.

  8. 桂林草坪回族乡特色休闲旅游发展%Characteristic Leisure Tourism Development of Caoping Hui Township of Guilin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾丽萍

    2015-01-01

    Some factors such as the backward tourism infrastructure, the serious loss of the culture tourist resources, t he single tourism project and the lack of innovation and tourism talents restrict tourism development of Caoping Hui Township of Guilin. By analyzing the resources superiority and developing status, the study put forward some development countermeasures, such as improving the infrastructure construction and tourism security system, strengthening the construction of cultural connotation and tourism information, and innovating the methods of leisure tourism.%旅游基础设施较为落后, 文化旅游资源流失严重, 旅游项目单一, 缺乏创新以及旅游开发人才匮乏等因素制约着桂林草坪回族乡的旅游发展. 通过探讨草坪回族乡的资源优势和发展现状, 提出完善基础设施建设、 创新休闲旅游方式、 加强文化内涵建设、 健全旅游保障制度、 加强旅游信息化建设等发展对策.

  9. Impact of anthropogenic and natural environmental changes on Echinococcus transmission in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, the People’s Republic of China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yang Yu

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Echinococcus transmission is known to be affected by various environmental factors, which may be modified by human influence or natural events including global warming. Considerable population growth in the last fifty years in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (NHAR, the People’s Republic of China (PRC, has led to dramatic increases in deforestation and modified agricultural practices. In turn, this has resulted in many changes in the habitats for the definitive and intermediate hosts of both Echinococcus granulosus and E. multilocularis, which have increased the risks for transmission of both parasites, affecting echinococcosis prevalence and human disease. Ecological environmental changes due to anthropogenic activities and natural events drive Echinococcus transmission and NHAR provides a notable example illustrating how human activity can impact on a parasitic infection of major public health significance. It is very important to continually monitor these environmental (including climatic factors that drive the distribution of Echinococcus spp. and their impact on transmission to humans because such information is necessary to formulate reliable future public health policy for echinococcosis control programs and to prevent disease spread.

  10. 民国时期回族报刊关于回族婚俗问题的讨论%The Discussion of the HuiM uslims’ Traditions of Marriage on Their Newspapers during the Republic of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘莉

    2013-01-01

    在民国时期新兴的回族报刊中,回族婚姻问题是当时回族知识阶层热烈讨论的焦点问题之一。回族知识分子就回族社会中存在的早婚、奢侈婚姻和不遵从伊斯兰教义的诸多婚姻陋俗展开批判,并有针对性地提出了许多卓有成效的改革措施,即适龄结婚、简朴婚礼和向伊斯兰教义回归。这些讨论和重建措施实质上折射了民国时期回族婚姻中“变”与“不变”的特征:产生一定变化的是婚姻仪式与观念,不变的是共同的伊斯兰宗教信仰以及相关联的民族认同感,以维护族群边界。%Hui Muslims’Marriage, as one of the core problems, was hotly discussed by the intellectuals on Hui Mus-lims’newly edited newspapers during the Republic of China .The Hui Muslim intellectuals criticized the phenomena existed in the Hui Muslim society , such as early marriage , luxurious wedding and traditions of marriage not followed by the Islamic doctrines.Besides, they proposed some effective reformations with regard to the marriage age , simple wedding and retur-ning to the doctrine etc ., which reflected the characteristics of changing and invariability of Hui Muslims ’ marriage during the Republic of China .The changing of it are rituals and perceptions , and the invariabilities are belief and ethnic identities , of which to maintain the boundaries of ethnicity .

  11. Investigation of sleep patterns and sleep disorders in Uigur and Hui children in XinJiang%新疆维吾尔族和回族儿童睡眠状况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    塔吉古丽·阿不扎热; 徐佩茄; 阿曼古丽·铁木尔; 张季红

    2011-01-01

    Objective To study the sleep quality and quantity and their influencing factors in Uigur and Hui children in Xinjiang Province. Methods From March to December of 2007, 912 Uigur and 1019 Hui school children (6 to 14 years) were randomly sampled from 6 cities of Xinjing Province. The questionnaire on children's sleep states and sleep environments was filled in by children's parents. Results The mean sleep time of Uigur and Hui children was 10. 1 ±1.4 hrs. The sleep time in Uigur children was significantly less than that in Hui children (9.7 ± 1.2 hrs vs 10.4 ±1.5 hfs; P <0.05 ). The mean incidence of sleep disorders was 23.56%. The Uigur children had a lower incidence of sleep disorders compared with the Hui children ( 18.42% vs 28.16%; P <0. 001 ). Ethnic group, sleep latency, use ora swing bed, family history of snore, watching TV before sleeping, hypertrophy of tonsils, eating before sleeping,feeding patterns and recurrent upper respiratory tract infection were the factors associated with the sleep quality and quantity. Conclusions The influencing factors of sleep quality and quantity are multifactorial in Uigur and Hui children in Xinjiang Province. Pediatrician, child health care doctors and parents should pay more attention to children's sleep. The incidence of sleep disorders is different between Uigur and Hui children, suggesting that more research for the prevention and treatment of sleep disorders should be performed in different ethic groups.%目的 了解新疆维吾尔族与回族儿童睡眠状况及其相关影响因素.方法 2007年3-12月采取随机整群抽样的方法,在新疆地区6个县市的小学随机抽取912名维吾尔族学龄儿童和1019名回族学龄儿童,年龄6~14岁,在严格质量控制下由调查者对家长进行儿童睡眠状况的问卷调查.结果 维吾尔族、回族儿童平均睡眠时间为10.1±1.4 h,其中维吾尔族为9.7±1.2 h,回族为10.4±1.5 h,两民族间差异有统计学意义(P<0

  12. Hospital and community surveys reveal the severe public health problem and socio-economic impact of human echinococcosis in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Y R; Williams, G M; Craig, P S; Sun, T; Yang, S K; Cheng, L; Vuitton, D A; Giraudoux, P; Li, X; Hu, S; Liu, X; Pan, X; McManus, D P

    2006-06-01

    A comprehensive study of human echinococcosis (caused by Echinococcus granulosus or E. multilocularis), including assessment of hospital records, community surveys and patient follow-up, was conducted in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (NHAR), China. In contrast to hospital records that showed 96% of echinococcosis cases were caused by cystic echinococcosis (CE), 56% of cases detected in active community surveys were caused by alveolar echinococcosis (AE). The AE and CE cases co-existed frequently in the same village, even occurring in the same patient. A serious public health problem caused by echinococcosis was evident in southern NHAR, typified by: a long diagnostic history for both AE and CE (7.5 years) compared with a shorter treatment history (4.7 years); a significant mortality rate (39%) caused by AE in one surveyed village, where patients had no previous access to treatment; family aggregation of CE and AE cases; a high proportion of both AE (62.5%) and CE (58%) in females; a high rate of recurrent surgery (30%) for CE demonstrated by surgical records; and frequent symptomatic recurrences (51%) because of discontinuous or sporadic access to chemotherapy for AE. The disease burden for both human AE and CE is thus very severe among these rural communities in NHAR, and this study provides the first attempt to determine the costs of morbidity and surgical intervention of human CE and AE cases both at the hospital and community level in this setting. This information may be useful for assessing the cost effectiveness of designing effective public health programs to control echinococcosis in this and other endemic areas in China and elsewhere.

  13. A Research of the Ethnic Intermarriage of Muslim (Hui) Tibetans in Shigatse%日喀则“藏回”族际通婚调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗布; 孙海芳

    2016-01-01

    with the deepening of inter-ethnic communication, the Muslim(Hui) Tibetans in Shigatse as a typical ex⁃ample of acculturation, is a group of people have been gradually“Tibetanized”in the process of inter-ethnic communication, but they consciously preserve and inherit their national identity at the aspect of religious belief and ethnic intermarriage. Compared with the strict marriage discipline of the Muslim people in inland prohibit⁃ing ethnic intermarriage, the Muslim Tibetans in Shigatse allow ethnic intermarriage, but the Tibetans or any oth⁃er ethnic people, who marry with the Muslim Tibetans, have to convert their religious beliefs to Islam first.%伴随着族际交流的日益深入,日喀则“藏回”作为文化涵化的典型例证,是族际深度交往过程中,逐步“藏化”的群体,但是在宗教信仰与族际通婚方面,刻意保留并维持着原有的民族特征。较之内地回族严格族内婚姻的戒律,日喀则“藏回”可以接受“藏入回”或者其他民族“入回”,可以婚娶他族的配偶,但是前提条件是对方必须信仰伊斯兰教,即改变原有宗教信仰。除却极端个例外,不存在“回入藏”的现象。

  14. The Hui Architectural Phenomenon Analysis based on the Traditional Wooden Space: A Case Study of Traditional Wooden Mosque of Ningxia Hui Nationality%基于传统木构空间的回族建筑现象解析——以宁夏回族传统木构清真寺为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    燕宁娜

    2013-01-01

    In China,the mosque as a typical representative of the Islamic Architecture,along with the process of the introduction and spread of Islam,experienced four periods of transplant,formed,high tide,stagnation and recession.Mosque in China has designed withthe basic rules of the World Islamic Architecture,at the same time,the formation of a unique shape and style are different from those of other religious buildings.Ningxia as the only largest Muslim population settlements,due to its unique geographical environment,sociocultural and religious history,traditional building skills and other reasons,makes the region Hui mosque have showed the significant differences with other regions.The paper selects Ningxia traditional wooden mosque building as an object of study,analyzes the monomer building space from the overall layout,timber frame and technology.It reveals a tradifional wooden frame of the Ningxia Hui mosques architectural features,provides evidence for protection and inheritance Hui wooden architecture,space design practices and reference in the Ningxia region.%在中国,伊斯兰教建筑的典型代表——清真寺,随着伊斯兰教的传入,在传播的过程中,经历了移植、形成、高潮、停滞衰退等四个时期.中国清真寺建筑在遵循了世界伊斯兰教建筑的基本规则的同时,形成了有别于其他宗教建筑的独有形制和风格.宁夏作为全国唯一的、最大的回族人口聚居地,由于其独特的地理环境、社会文化、宗教历史、传统建筑技艺等原因,使得该地区的回族清真寺表现出与其他地区显著的差异.该文选取宁夏境内传统木构清真寺建筑作为研究对象,从总体布局、单体建筑空间、木构架技术等方面对其进行深入解析,揭示了宁夏回族传统木构架清真寺建筑特征,为宁夏地区保护与传承回族木构建筑技术、空间设计手法等提供实证与参考.

  15. 自我叙事式解读回族宗教活动空间的意义%The Self-narrative Style Interpretation of Hui's Religious Activity Space

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白凯

    2012-01-01

    Based on emic perspective, this paper makes a subjective intentionality interpretation of the existential meaning of Hui's religious activity space by the self-narrative style method. After a complete autobiography and immersed thinking, the author holds the idea that there are some characteristics existing in Hui's religious activity space shown as follows: Firstly, homes, mosques and graveyards constitute the core of Hui's religious activity space. Secondly, for Muslim believers, homes, mosques and graveyards are not single physical space, but religious "places" which have unique significances. Thirdly, the author's memories and summaries of the religious functions and meanings of homes, mosques and graveyards illustrate that Hui's religious activity space are characterized by transformation from place to placelessness. The non-place conversion's place point is the mosque. Fourthly, "jie du wa"~a religious ceremony and religious behavior-builds bridges from space to place, from place to placelessness for Hui religious activity space. The analysis and conclusions explicate that Hui's religious activity space has the trait of transition from material religion spatial structure of place to spirit religious space structure of placelessness.%基于主位研究视角,以作者自我叙事的方式,对回族宗教活动空间的存在主义意涵进行了主体意向性解读,完整自叙和沉浸思考后作者认为,回族宗教活动空间存在以下特征:①回族宗教活动空间的核心构成为家、清真寺和坟园;②家、清真寺和坟园对回族宗教信仰者而言,不是单一的物理空间,而是具有特殊意义的宗教“地方”;③说明了回族宗教活动空间具有地方到无地方的转化特征,无地方转换的地方指向是清真寺;④“接都哇”这一宗教仪式和宗教行为构建了回族宗教活动空间从空间到地方,从地方到无地方转换的桥梁.该分析过程与结论说明了

  16. La mirada sartriana: poder y otredad en L’Être et le Néant, La Nausée y Huis clos (The Sartrean View: Power and Otherness in L’Être et le Néant, La Nausée and Huis clos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew Lloyd Smith

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available En L’Être et le Néant y La Nausée, Jean-Paul Sartre le otorga importancia a la mirada: aspecto esencial para explorar el tema existencial. Así, se analizan interrogantes y reflexiones como las siguientes: sin la mirada del otro, ¿cómo puedo saber verdaderamente que existo? Al verme y confirmar mi existencia, en ese mismo instante, la otra persona me convierte en un objeto, pues el observador es el sujeto de su mirada. Al mirar a los demás, soy también sujeto de mi mirada y convierto a los otros en objeto. El juego de la mirada es un juego de poder. La obra de teatro Huis clos también presenta el juego sartriano de poder y mirada, que será analizado en esta ponencia. Dans ses libres L’Être et le Néant et La Nausée Jean-Paul Sartre donne beaucoup d’importance au « regard ». Sartre nous dit que le regard est un aspect essentiel pour explorer le thème existentiel. Des questions et des réflexions comme les suivantes seront étudiées : sans le regard d’une autre personne, comment puis-je savoir si j’existe vraiment ? Quand une personne me regarde, elle confirme mon existence, mais en même temps elle me convertit en un objet puisque la personne qui me regarde est le sujet de son regard. Moi, quand je regarde l’autre personne je suis aussi le sujet de mon regard et je convertis l’autre personne en un objet. Ce jeu du regard est un jeu du pouvoir. La pièce de théâtre de Sartre Huis clos aussi présente ce jeu sartrien du pouvoir et du regard et sera analysée dans cette communication.

  17. Symbols of Maturity and the Leaving of a Legacy: A Preliminary Study of the Formation of Genealogies and Families among the Hui Muslim Minority People%成熟的象征与存在的延续——回族家谱与回族家族形成初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张訸

    2011-01-01

    本文就目前所发现的回族家谱进行研究,重点考察回族家谱的特点及回族家谱的修撰与回族家族组织的建立之间的关系;分析回族家谱与其他少数民族家谱的异同之处;阐释回族家谱的文化意义与社会价值。%This paper is devoted to the research of what is currently known regarding the genealogy of the Hui . Its focus is upon the study of distinctive characteristics of the Hui genealogy along with the relationship between genealogy composition and the establishment of Hui family clans. Also, it considers the similarities and differences between Hui genealogies and those of other ethnic minorities. Lastly, the paper expounds on the cultural significance and societal value of Hui genealogies.

  18. Hui Muslims Overseas Literature in Southeast Asia: A New Branch of Chinese Overseas Literature%海外华人文学的新支:东南亚回族华人文学

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨建军

    2016-01-01

    Hui Muslims Overseas Literature in Southeast Asia is literature branch active in Singapore and Malaysia , which has not yet attracted researchers attention .From 1950s to date, it could be divided into three stages .The formation of the Hui Muslims Overseas Literature in Southeast Asia is related to the Chinese Hui Muslims ' migration and the develop-ment of the Chinese literature .Studying on it will be helpful for comprehending the relations between Chinese Overseas lit -erature and Islamic culture , which mainly covered the themes crossing with Zhenghe , female and authors ' creativeness .%东南亚回族华人文学是海外华人文学中尚未引起研究者重视的一支. 东南亚回族华人文学活跃于新加坡和马来西亚,从20世纪50年代至今,大致可分为三个发展阶段,出现了戴小华等一批作家. 东南亚回族华人文学的形成与回族华人的移民活动和东南亚华人文学的发展有关,对其进行研究,有助于学界思考东南亚华人文学与伊斯兰文化的关系. 东南亚回族华人文学的特色在于郑和题材创作、女性题材创作,以及作家创作的跨越性.

  19. Professor OUYANG Hui-qing's explorations and practice on teaching of traditional Chinese medicine%欧阳惠卿中医教学观念的探索与实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖雅琪; 罗颂平; 黄洁明; 许丽绵; 赵颖

    2013-01-01

    欧阳惠卿通过长期的教学实践,逐步形成自己的中医教学观:教育培养中医人才是教研室第一要务,课堂教学与临床带教相结合以促进医学生成长,中医临床教学不可或缺,教学中应贯穿中医文化与学术传承.她的人才观为:教师人才是团队发展的关键,是教研室建设的核心内容,是学科人才建设的基础.她的教学管理观为:教研室主任是教育培养人才的实践者,教学团队发展的担当者.%Professor OUYANG Hui-qing's gradually formed her own teaching concept of traditional Chinese medicine through long-term teaching practice:the most important teaching aim is to cultivate talents of traditional Chinese medicine.Clinical practice together with classroom teaching can promote the growing knowledge of medical students.Clinical practices are necessary and should penetrate culture and academic tradition of traditional Chinese medicine.OUYANG Hui-qing's concepts on talents are:cultivating teaching faculties is the key to the development of the teaching team,the core of construction of the teaching and research section,and the basis of construction of the discipline.OUYANG Hui-qing's management concepts are:the dean of the teaching and research section is the practitioner of personnel training practice and the undertaker of teaching team development.

  20. 试论满族和回族饮食文化对近代成都的影响%Discussion on the Effect of Manchu and Hui Nationality Diet Culture on Modern Chengdu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁刚

    2012-01-01

    晚清民国的成都是现代川菜菜系的发源地与演变中心。成都的满族和回族人口也影响到了现代川菜菜系在成都的定型、发展和走向成熟的历史进程。满族、回族等少民族饮食文化推动了近代成都饮食业的发展,从原料选取、烹饪技法、菜品制作、筵席内容等方面给现代川菜菜系以影响。生活在成都的满族、回族等少数民族的饮食习俗为成都市民的饮食生活增添了新的内容,带来了新的饮食品种,大大丰富了成都川菜中的面食、糕点、小吃的内容。%late Qing Dynasty is the origin and evolution Center of modern Sichuan cuisine in Chengdu.Manchu and the Hui nationality population in Chengdu have also affected the historical process of the shaping,development and maturity of modern Sichuan cuisine in Chengdu.Manchu,Hui national minority diet culture has promoted the development of the catering industry in Chengdu,influenced the raw materials selection,cooking techniques,food production,content and other aspects of modern Sichuan cuisine.The diet custom of Manchu,Hui minority Living in Chengdu has added new content to Chengdu people 's diet,brought new dietary variety,greatly enriched the content of the pasta,cakes,snack of Sichuan cuisine in Chengdu.

  1. 设计美学语境下徽派建筑设计的传承与创新研究%Research on Inheritance and Innovation of Hui-style Architecture in the Content of Design Aesthetics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    左铁峰; 高巍

    2016-01-01

    基于设计美学的徽派建筑设计传承与创新研究,是将徽派建筑设计作为设计美学的一个对象予以面向,探讨与解决的是设计美学语境下徽派建筑如何传承与怎样创新的问题,需求的契合与提升、基因的提炼与重构和语境的拓展与延伸等是其工作应遵循的基本原则与实施策略。如同基于其他学科与视角的探究与论证一样,这样的“解决方案”必须要与其他的“措施办法”形成有机的“合力”,方能奏效。%The design aesthetics-based inheritance and innovation research of Hui-style architecture design , regarding Hui-style archi-tecture design as an object , discusses the problems of ways of inheritance and innovation of Hui -style architecture design , considering that the fit and promotion of needs , the refinement and reconstruction of gene and the development and extension of context are the bas -ic principles and implementing strategies .The same as exploration and demonstration based on other subjects and perspectives , this“solution” must combine a “resultant force” with other “measures”.

  2. 杨惠民教授治疗老年类风湿关节炎经验%Experience of Therapy Elderly Rheumatoid Arthritis by Professor YANG Hui-min

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜洋

    2012-01-01

    Introducing the therapy experience of elderly rheumatoid arthritis hy Professor YANG Hui-min, summarizing the pathogenic factors and pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis, dividing elderly rheumatoid into activity and stability of treatment.%介绍杨惠民教授治疗老年类风湿关节炎经验,总结老年类风湿关节炎的病因病机,将老年类风湿关节炎分活动期与稳定期进行治疗.

  3. [Comparative study of theoretical literature on cold pathogenic disease in Wai tai mi yao fang (Arcane Essentials from the Imperial Library) and Tai ping sheng hui fang (Taiping Holy Prescriptions for Universal Relief)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Huirui; Liang, Yongxuan

    2014-09-01

    In the Wai tai mi yao fang (Arcane Essentials from the Imperial Library) compiled in 752, its portion on cold pathogenic disorders embodies the achievements before the mid Tang Dynasty, whereas that in the Tai ping sheng hui fang (Taiping Holy Prescriptions for Universal Relief), compiled in 992 embodies those before the early Song Dynasty. Comparison on the theory of cold disorders in both books reveal that, during the 2 centuries period from mid Tang to early Song Dynasties, the texts as a carrier for the transmission of such theory in both show no distinct changes, but only with minor revisions and improvements.

  4. 论近代宁夏回族经堂教育的演变及特点%On Evolution and Characteristics of Ningxia Hui Mosque Education in Modern Times

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    文斐; 高石钢

    2014-01-01

    经堂教育产生于明清时期,是我国回族穆斯林接受教育的基本形式。近代以来,宁夏回族经堂教育由以往单一的宗教教育形式逐渐演变为回民小学、中阿学校、阿訇教义国文讲习所、伊斯兰教讲习所等多种形式,呈现出了种类繁多、办学方式多元,课程内容丰富、全面并与伊斯兰教积极互动的特点。近代社会思潮广泛传播的影响、回族的民族觉醒、崇尚求知的民族文化传统、上层人士的努力以及宁夏地方政府的推动作用等是造成近代宁夏回族经堂教育演变的社会、历史性原因。%The Muslim mosque education originated in the Ming and Qing Dynasties is a basic form of Hui Muslim education. In modern times,single traditional form of Ningxia Hui mosque religious education had changed into various forms,included Hui nationality elementary school,China-Arab school,imam doctrineˊs Chinese lecture assembly and Islam assembly,etc. Presented the characteristics of variety differently,running school forms multiply,course content rich and comprehensive and had a positive interaction with Islam. Modern social thoughts spread,national awakening of the ethnic Hui,national cultural traditionˊs advocating for knowledge,elite efforts and also Ningxia local governmentˊs pro-mote role was the social and history reasons.

  5. 宁夏农村回族妇女婚姻暴力处理方式探究%A Tentative Study on Hui Women’ s Ways to Deal with Marital Violence in Ningxia Rural Areas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王雪梅; 章志敏

    2016-01-01

    In recent years, marital violence has become a focus in academic field.However, researches on marital violence upon Hui women are not sufficient.Therefore, the paper is to make a tentative study on the ways that Hui women often take to deal with marital violence after they have suffered from it and some relative affecting factors based on a questionnaire survey, holding that Hui women in the rural areas of Ningxia are more inclined to tolerate marital violence and seek informal social support when seeking help, and the ways they take to deal with marital violence are influenced by their cognition of marital violence, their willingness to seek help and the factor whether mosques in their villages would take measures to solve the problem or not, etc.With these findings, the thesis is to provide some reference for preventing marital violence upon Hui women in the future.%近年来婚姻暴力问题一直被学界热议,但是关于农村回族妇女婚姻暴力问题的研究是比较缺乏的,通过对宁夏农村回族妇女的婚姻家庭进行问卷调查,对她们的婚姻暴力处理方式以及相关因素进行分析发现,宁夏农村回族妇女在遭受家庭暴力后较为倾向于去忍受婚姻暴力,在寻求帮助的过程中则较为倾向于去寻求非正式社会支持,而这种行为受到她们对婚姻暴力的认知、寻求帮助的意愿以及所在村里的清真寺是否会过问婚姻暴力问题等因素的影响。同时,这些发现能够为今后农村回族妇女婚姻暴力问题的防治提供一些参考。

  6. Die Bankenunion als Krönung der Wirtschafts- und Währungsunion?

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    This article analyses the positions of Germany, France and the EU institutions with regard to the negotiations on two of the most important elements agreed: the Single Supervisory Mechanism (SSM) and the Single Resolution Mechanism (SRM). This article highlights the different approaches and lines of conflict on the centralisation of competences, legal basis, and, in case of the SRM, the sources of funding.

  7. Le travail aujourd’hui. L’hypothèse de la reconnaissance Work today. The hypothesis of recognition El trabajo hoy: hipótesis del reconocimiento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michel Wieviorka

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Jusque dans les années 1970, le travail était au cœur de la réflexion sociologique, et du débat public. Aujourd’hui, après les espoirs et les déconvenues des années 1980 et 1990, après la « révolution managériale », et ses dégâts, et qu’il s’agisse du sens qu’il revêt pour l’individu, pour l’entreprise ou pour la société toute entière, il implique d’être repensé à nouveaux frais. Ne sommes-nous pas entrés dans l’ère de la reconnaissance – un concept qui peut nous aider à redonner sens au travail ?Until the mid seventies, work was a key issue in sociological research, as well as in the public debate. During the eighties and the nineties, things changed, and it became difficult to define the meaning of work for individuals, for companies or for the whole society. Today, new approaches are possible, including those that are based on the concept of recognition.Hasta los años 1970, el trabajo estaba en el centro de la reflexión sociológica y del debate público. Hoy, después de las esperanzas y los desengaños de los años 1980 y 1990, tras la “revolución gerencial” y sus estragos, tratándose ya sea del sentido que tiene para el individuo, para la empresa o para la sociedad entera, habrá que volver a pensar el trabajo desde cero. ¿No hemos entrado acaso a la era del reconocimiento, concepto que puede ayudarnos a devolverle un sentido al trabajo?

  8. Energy efficiency of rural dwellings in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region%宁夏地区乡村民居节能设计研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张群; 梁锐; 刘加平

    2011-01-01

    为改善宁夏乡村地区居住建筑室内冬季热环境,达到建筑节能65%的目标,对典型传统民居进行了调研和围护结构能耗分析,发现了民居建筑耗能的主要薄弱部位.结合当地自然气候与经济条件,从建筑功能布置与空间组合、太阳能资源利用和围护结构构造等方面出发,提出整体式的建筑设计改进方案,并通过能耗分析计算新方案的热工性能与室内热环境质量,证明了在宁夏地区通过合理的设计农村住宅也可以达到提高室内热舒适和节能的目标.%In order to improve the thermal environment and reach the energy efficiency goal of rural house in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, the paper investigates a typical traditional vernacular, analyzes the index of heat loss of building envelop and discovers the main weak part in the building affecting on the energy consumption. Combining with the local conditions of climate and economy, this paper put forward the integrating designing project, including the function layout, room combination, solar energy utilization and construction of building envelop. A new project for improving the indoor thermal comfort and saving energy was given in this paper. The index of heating loss of two rural buildings are calculated in order to verify the effectiveness of the new project. At the same time, it is bproved that the improvement of the thermal environment and 65% energy efficiency goal can meet with by appropriate architectural designs.

  9. Research on the evaluation method of rural hollowing based on RS and GIS technology: a case study of the Ningxia Hui autonomous region in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, Kai; Wen, MeiPing; Zhang, FeiFei; Yuan, Chao; Chen, Qiang; Zhang, Xiupeng

    2016-10-01

    With the acceleration of urbanization in China, most rural areas formed a widespread phenomenon, i.e., destitute village, labor population loss, land abandonment and rural hollowing. And it formed a unique hollow village problem in China finally. The governance of hollow village was the objective need of the development of economic and social development in rural area for Chinese government, and the research on the evaluation method of rural hollowing was the premise and basis of the hollow village governance. In this paper, several evaluation methods were used to evaluate the rural hollowing based on the survey data, land use data, social and economic development data. And these evaluation indexes were the transition of homesteads, the development intensity of rural residential areas, the per capita housing construction area, the residential population proportion in rural area, and the average annual electricity consumption, which can reflect the rural hollowing degree from the land, population, and economy point of view, respectively. After that, spatial analysis method of GIS was used to analyze the evaluation result for each index. Based on spatial raster data generated by Kriging interpolation, we carried out re-classification of all the results. Using the fuzzy clustering method, the rural hollowing degree in Ningxia area was reclassified based on the two spatial scales of county and village. The results showed that the rural hollowing pattern in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region had a spatial distribution characteristics that the rural hollowing degree was obvious high in the middle of the study area but was low around the study area. On a county scale, the specific performances of the serious rural hollowing were the higher degree of extensive land use, and the lower level of rural economic development and population transfer concentration. On a village scale, the main performances of the rural hollowing were the rural population loss and idle land. The

  10. Samen kom je er wel. Een afstudeerartikel over het Skejby halfway house: een huis waar delinquenten en studenten onder één dak wonen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eline Broker

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Together you will get there. A graduation article on the Skejby halfway house: a house where delinquents and students live togetherThe Skejby house is unique and produces remarkable results. The recidivism percentage among its’ delinquent inhabitants is over 20% lower than in the halfway houses where only prisoners reside. The aim of Skejby is to ease the transition between imprisonment and reentry in society. The experiment, in which students and prisoners live together, originates from the idea that behavioral transformation is realized most effectively within a socially engaged group. The principal of collective responsibility is dominant in Skejby, resulting in a feeling of belonging to a group among the delinquents. In this group, the students serve as prosocial role models. Consequently, the standards and values that are picked up in prison are reshaped into much needed skills that are required for living a “regular” life in society. In contrast to the reintegration program in Skejby, the Dutch reintegration program mainly consists of one-to-one consultations between the delinquent and the probation officer. The reintegration thus does not take place in a group to which the delinquent can relate, while it is precisely this unique communal feeling of belonging that induces behavioral change in the prisoners. SAMENVATTING Samen kom je er wel. Een afstudeerartikel over het Skejby halfway house: een huis waar delinquenten en studenten onder één dak wonenHet Skejby house is uniek in zijn soort en boekt opmerkelijke resultaten: het recidivepercentage ligt ruim 20% lager dan bij halfway huizen waar alleen delinquenten wonen. Skejby heeft als doel om de overgang tussen gevangenis en samenleving zo klein mogelijk te maken. Het experiment, waarbij studenten en delinquenten samen wonen, komt voort uit het idee dat gedragsverandering het best bewerkstelligt wordt binnen een sociaal verbonden groep. In Skejby heerst het principe van

  11. A cross-sectional survey on behavior problems among eco-migrant children of Hui and Han in Ningxia, China%宁夏生态移民地区儿童行为问题现况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    颜国利; 方建群; 张朝霞; 冯丽平; 吴锦荣; 马馥荔; 陈诗祺; 赵冉然; 王颖丽

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the detection rate and correlates of behavioral problems among eco-migrant children in Hui and Han ethnicities.Methods Using multistage randomized sampling method,2 653 eco-migrant teenagers,3 174 indigenous and 2 334 homeland peers were selected.Their parents were asked to finish the Achenbach' s Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and a self-developed correlates questionnaire.Results 765 eco-migrant children with behavioral problems were detected,with detection rate as 28.8%,higher than that of homeland group (24.2%) and native group (19.3%)(x2=73.547,P<0.012 5).Ecological migration mainly influenced factors as bad contacts,depression,obsessive-compulsive,discipline,attack for boys aged 6-11,bad contacts for boys aged 12-16 and extraversion behavioral problems for girls aged 12-16,in Hui.These factors both associated to eco-migrant children's behavioral problems in Hui and Han:cesarean section (OR =1.863,95% CI:1.144-3.035,for Han) and (OR=2.979,95% CI:2.067-4.293,for Hui),physical defects(OR=1.730,95%CI:1.087-2.751,for Han) and (OR=2.552,95%CI:1.649-3.950,for Hui),arable as a main income way(OR=1.272,95%CI:1.066-1.518,for Han) and (OR=1.212,95%CI:1.033-1.422,for Hui),parents' education level above middle school (OR=0.709,95% CI:0.539-0.932,for Han) and (OR=0.698,95%CI:0.542-0.898,for Hui),parents' frequently in good mood (OR=0.710,95%CI:0.613-0.821,for Han) and (OR=0.826,95%CI:0.718-0.949,for Hui).However,major diseases in the process of growth (OR=1.794,95% CI:1.163-2.767),and parents with chronic illness or disability (OR=1.463,95% CI:1.061-2.016) only associated with that in Han; single-parent or remarried families (OR=1.583,95% CI:1.078-2.325),parents often drinking (OR=1.557,95%CI:1.019-2.379),the time of parents' work longer than half a year(OR=1.494,95% CI:1.197-1.864),parents' more content to life now (OR=0.813,95% CI:0.700-0.945),and children in older age (OR=0.939,95%CI:0.889-0.991) only

  12. Empirical Research of Brand Trust Relationship Influential Factors of Huis Old Brands%基于回族老字号的顾客品牌信任关系影响因素实证研究∗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨保军

    2014-01-01

    The process from weak brands developing to strong brands serenely is the process of customer trust increases, exploring factors that influence brand trust is great significance to the brand growth. Re-search shows, enterprises, customers and interactive processes are key factors that affect brand trust rela-tionships;through questionnaires of Huis old brands validated the brand trust and influential factors, for exploring brand trust relationships and promoting Huis old brands growth provide important ideas.%从弱小品牌发展到强势品牌的过程实质是顾客信任程度增加的过程,探索影响品牌信任关系的因素对于品牌成长具有重要意义。研究证明,企业、顾客及交互过程是影响品牌信任关系的关键因素,通过回族老字号的调查问卷对品牌信任与影响因素的关系进行了验证,将对深入探讨品牌信任关系的影响因素,促进回族老字号品牌成长提供重要的思路。

  13. 中央红军会理攻坚战述论%Presentation and Discussion on the Battle of the Central Red Army in Hui-li County

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘财富; 景志明

    2011-01-01

    During the Long March period,the battle of the Central Red Army in Hui-li county of Si-chuan province was an important one.Because casualties were too serious,so many criticisms occurred in the Party or the Red Army.Based on the relevant historical documents,the author thinks the military action taken by the Red Army in Hui-li county had favorable and unfavorable factors.Though the battle didn’t win,it still had positive significance in which the Red Army went north rapidly and broke though the Da Du-he river defence set by the army of Kuomingtang.%会理攻坚战是中央红军长征在四川时的一场重要战斗。因红军伤亡过大且攻城失利,所以当时党内军内非议颇多。本文通过相关史料的梳理,分析红军攻城的有利与不利因素,从而说明这次战斗的失利对于中央红军迅速北上并突破国民党大渡河防线仍有积极的影响。

  14. Prevalence of tobacco and alcohol use in ethnic Hui and Han residents in Ningxia%宁夏回族自治区回、汉族居民烟草、酒精使用调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王俊峰; 马辉; 王志忠; 张毓洪

    2015-01-01

    目的 了解宁夏回族自治区(宁夏)回、汉族居民烟草、酒精使用情况及其分布特征,为民族地区改善戒烟、限酒措施提供参考.方法 采用多阶段系统抽样法,抽取宁夏地区≥18岁居民6 476人进行入户调查.烟草和酒精使用障碍根据国际疾病分类-10(ICD-10)标准采用复合型国际诊断交谈表3.0(CIDI 3.0)中文版评估.结果 共有5 811名受访者完成全部调查,目前吸烟率为19.15%,其中男性吸烟率高于女性(44.73%vs.1.51%),差异有统计学意义(x2=1 693.25,P<0.001);男性中回族吸烟率低于汉族(33.19%vs.51.95%),差异有统计学意义(x2=79.99,P<0.001).男性烟草依赖患病率为1.75%,回、汉族男性烟草依赖患病率差异无统计学意义(x2=0.02,P=0.958).目前饮酒率为5.78%,其中男性饮酒率高于女性(12.48% vs.1.16%),差异有统计学意义(x2=329.94,P<0.001);男性中回族饮酒率低于汉族(4.71%vs.17.34%),差异有统计学意义(x2=82.03,P<0.001);男性酒精使用障碍患病率为6.03%,男性回族酒精使用障碍患病率低于汉族(3.50%vs.7.61%),差异有统计学意义(x2=16.68,P<0.001).结论 宁夏地区回族成年人烟草和酒精使用率低于同地区汉族,当地的回族文化对减少人群烟草、酒精使用可能具有积极的影响.%Objective To understand the prevalence of tobacco and alcohol use in ethnic Hui and Han residents in Ningxia Hui autonomous region and provide evidence for the smoking cessation and alcohol use reduction in minority area.Methods Face to face interview was performed in 6 476 subjects aged ≥ 18 years who were selected through systematic sampling in Ningxia.The tobacco use and alcohol use related disorders were evaluated with Composite International Diagnostic Interview 3.0(CIDI 3.0) according to International Classification of Diseases-10 (ICD-10).Results A total of 5 811 subjects completed the survey, the prevalence of current smoking was 19

  15. 集体记忆与民族亲和力的建构——以兰州西关清真寺为例%The Collective Memory and the Construction of Hui Ethnic Identity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高永久; 丁生忠

    2012-01-01

    在城市空间结构再生产的过程中,城市规模向四周逐渐延伸,市民的居住格局也随之发生变化,原先围寺聚居的回族穆斯林群众,便迁至城市的各个街区角落。通过对散居回族现状和特点的分析,探知其以清真寺为集体记忆的符号,借助集体欢腾、个体情感进发、宗教仪式来建构民族亲和力,以实现其群体和谐的目标。%In the process of the reproduction of urban spatial structures, the size of a city gradually stretches out in all directions. At the same time, people's residential structure changes: the Muslims of Hui Ethnic:Group originally clustering around mosques are now moving to every corner of the city. In this thesis, the authors discuss the status quo and characteristics of the identity of Hui Ethnic Group in order to construct ethnic affinity by using the Mosque as a symbol of collective memory, relying on collective exultation, individual emotional venting and religious rituals, so as to reach the goal of group harmony.

  16. 宁夏地区回汉族中小学生超重肥胖流行趋势分析%Analyses of the prevalence changes of overweight and obesity in Hui and Han students in Ningxia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许红霞; 石丽文; 赵燚; 杨建军; 金晶; 张毓洪

    2012-01-01

    Objective To analyze the prevalence changes of overweight and obesity in Hui and Han students in Ningxia from 2005 to 2010, in order to provide evidence for development of preventive measures against obesity. Methods Students aged 7 to 18 participated in th? 2005 and 2010 National Survey on Students' Constitution and Health of Ningxia were selected as subjects. The newly established BMI screening criteria for o-verweight and obesity was used to analyze the prevalence among various populations. Results The prevalence rates of overweight among Han boys, Han girls, Hui boys and Hui girls were 10. 1% , 5. 7% ,7. 4% and5.9% in 2010, 7.9% , 5.4% ,4.0% and4.7% in 2005 .respectively. Meanwhile, the prevalence rates of obesity for the Han boys, Han girls, Hui boys, and Hui girls were 5. 1 %, 2.9 % ,4.1% and 2. 6% in 2010,3. 8%, 1.8%,1.9% and 1.3% in 2005 , respectively. The prevalence rates of overweight and obesity were higher among children aged 7-12 than those a-mong other age groups in Hui and Han students of rural and urban areas. The ordinal regression showed that the prevalence of overweight and obesity among students in 2010 were higher than those in 2005 after controlling for Living areas (in urban area or not) , age and gender. Meanwhile, the Han students were higher than those of Hui students. Conclusion The prevalence rates of overweight and obesity increase rapidly and spread from urban to rural areas among Hui and Han students gradually in Ningxia, therefore, it is necessary to take comprehensive measures to prevent and control the obesity of adolescents in Ningxia.%目的 了解宁夏地区2005-2010年回族与汉族不同群体学生超重、肥胖流行趋势,为制定学生肥胖防治措施提供依据.方法 使用2005和2010年宁夏地区全国学生体质调研资料的数据,利用中国学龄儿童青少年超重和肥胖体质量指数(BMI)筛查标准,对7~18岁中小学生进行超重、肥胖筛查.结果 汉族男生超重率2005年为7.9

  17. 张惠言的《花间》词学接受及其意义%ZHANG Hui-yan’ s ci Reception of Huajian and Its Significance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梅向东

    2013-01-01

    《花间》词学接受至清代的张惠言才有了一个深刻的变化。基于“以《国风》、《离骚》之旨趣,铸温、韦、周、辛之面目”的词学策略,张氏对《花间》采取了故意误读、文本支离和点石成金的接受方式,正是由于其重读《花间》和重释温庭筠,古典词学至常州词派实际上经历了从传统的为词之学向读词之学的转变。%A great change happened in ZHANG Hui-yan’s ci reception of Huajian in the Qing Dynasty.Based on the ci strat-egy of “showing the true appearance of WEN Ting-yun, WEI Zhuang, ZHOU Bang-yan and XIN Qi-ji with Guo Feng and Li Sao as the purport”, ZHANG Hui-yan received Huajian through intentional misreading and deconstruction, thus working miracles.It is because of his reinterpretation of Huajian and WEN Ting-yun that the change of classical ci from its ontology to its reading occurred in the Changzhou ci school.

  18. 福建惠安女文化景观构造及其空间性%Studying on Cultural Landscape Construction and Spatial Characteristics Based on the Case of Women in Hui'an County

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王彬; 李彬

    2012-01-01

    在对福建渔家女文献梳理和文化元素统计基础上,运用女性地理学理论和方法,解读惠安女文化景观构造特征和形成原因.研究结果表明:惠安女文化萌芽于隋唐,发展于宋元,鼎盛于明清;惠安女文化景观空间分布主要集中于以泉州港为中心的沿海半岛地区;惠安女在工种方面已超出传统中国女性从事职业类型,服饰体现海洋文化特征,婚俗表现出向父系过渡遗留和对劳动力争夺的结果,并建立起互助、自救等社会组织.惠安女文化景观是沿海地理环境特征和社会劳动地域分工共同作用的结果.%The paper describes systematiclly the landscape performances and characteristics of women in Hui'an county——a typical fisherwomen in Fujian province——through combing the literatures and assorting and counting cultural elements based on cultural formation,landscape construction and cause analysis by feminism and theories and methods of cultural geography.The indings show that the phenomenon of women culture in Hui'an county had appeared as early as during Sui and Tang Dynasties,and gained a large-scale development during Song and Yuan Dynasties and the landscapes had been built up during Ming and Qing Dynasties.As to the distribution in space,women in Hui'an county mainly live in the east costal areas of Hui'an county,which are circled by Meizhou gulf where the city of Quanzhou as the center of the gulf.In the view of cultural formation,women do more than the ones in other areas in China,even they engage in what men do in many work fields in Chinese traditional society,their apparels embody cultural characteristics of marine,the customs on marriage is the outcomes which hawe been handed down from the transition to patriarchal society and struggled for each other between their parents and in-laws,and types of social organizations are created for help each other among women.So the cultural landscapes of women in Hui'an county is a

  19. Analysis of Sinkiang Hui People’ s Flower From Interdisciplinary Perspective---A Case Study of Sinkiang Yanqi Hui People Autonomous County%跨学科视域下新疆回族花儿探究--以新疆焉耆回族自治县为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张云; 张付新

    2016-01-01

    The flower ( folk song) of Yanqi Hui nationality,with obvious regional,mul-ticultural and ethnic characters,is a prominent representative of Sinkiang. The origin,repre-sentation,artistic feature,historical significance and cultural value are analyzed from the per-spective of history anthropology,sociology,and economy anthropology. It is pointed out that multi-ethnic and cultural diversity and richness make effective way to promote ethnic com-munication and integration. This is also a necessary spiritual drive and cultural source for social stability in Sinkiang.%焉耆回族花儿是新疆回族花儿的杰出代表,其地域性、多元性和民族性特征非常明显。本文则通过历史人类学、社会学、经济人类学的学科视野对焉耆回族花儿的渊源流变、表现方式、艺术特征、历史意蕴和文化价值进行了深入的剖析,并指出民族文化的多样性和丰富性是构建新疆各民族交往交流交融的有效途径,也是实现新疆社会稳定和长治久安不可替代的精神动力和文化源泉。

  20. 焦作地区回汉族糖尿病发病率调查分析%Incidence investigation of diabetes mellitus in Hui and Han population of Jiaozuo region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李清红; 袁新建; 王红心

    2012-01-01

    Objective To explore the prevalence and characteristics of diabetes mellitus in Hui and Han population aged 30 years and over in Jiaozuo. And to analyze the association between the prevalence of diabetes mellitus and body mass index(BMI). Methods We conducted a case-control study with 663 people aged 30-81 years. Among the total,337 subjects were Hui population, 326 subjects were Han population. Among them, integrated records of body height,body mass,waist circumference(WC) ,hip circumference,blood pressure,fasting plasma glucose were analyzed. The waist hip ratio (WHR) and BMI were computed. Over weight was defined as BMI≥24,and the criteria of central obesity:WC≥90 cm for men,WC≥80 cm for women. Excel was used to build database, SPSS 10.0 was used for analyses. Results Systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, body mass, BMI, WC, hip circumference, WHR in Hui population were significantly higher than those in Han population ( P < 0. 05 or <0. 01). The prevalence of diabetes in Hui of Jiaozuo was 38. 6% (130/337), while that was 8. 3% (27/326) for Han, and the difference was statistically significant P <0. 01); Meanwhile, the Hui was significantly higher than 9.7% (4 949/46 239) of the national incidence, the difference was statistically significant ( P<0. 01). Abdominal obesity diabetes prevalence and non-abdominal obesity diabetes prevalence in Hui was higher than those in Han. Abdominal obesity diabtes prevalence 30. 0%(101/337) vs8.0%(26/326)(P<0. 05),non-abdominal obesity diabetes prevalence 8. 6% (29/337) vs 0.3% (10/326) ( P <0. 01), respectively. Conclusion The prevalence of diabetes in the Hui of Jiaozuo was significantly higher than the national average,while the Han and the national prevalence of diabetes is close. Elevated BMI and WC are major risk factors of diabetes, controlling for BMI and WC increase is important to reduce the incidence of diabetes.%目的 探索焦作地区回汉族糖尿病的患病率及其与体

  1. Empirical Research on Hui-honored Consumers Intergenerational Transmission and Brand Loyalty%回族老字号消费者代际传承与品牌忠诚关系实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨保军; 马玉龙

    2015-01-01

    Consumers' cultural values based on the intergenerational transmission of family ties had an impor-tant impact on consumer behavior,as well as the consumer brand awareness and the brand trust.The consum-ers of Hui Old brand exhibited unique consumption characteristics owe to ethnic,religious and geographical effect,the intergenerational transmission of consumer groups in the Hui old brand more prominent.Empirical research showed that the impact of Hui old brand intergenerational transmission on brand awareness,brand trust and brand loyalty was significantly positive.Based on the perspective of intergenerational transmission,en-hancing consumers' brand loyalty had an important enlightenment to promote the brand development and tradi-tions cultural heritage,and own brand competitiveness.%基于家庭纽带的代际传承形成的消费者文化价值观深刻影响着消费者行为,使消费者品牌认知、品牌信任的形成无不带有代际影响的烙印。回族老字号的消费者受到民族、宗教、地域的影响表现出独特的消费特征,代际传承在回族老字号消费群体更为突出。从实证角度深入研究回族老字号消费者代际传承对品牌认知、品牌信任以及品牌忠诚的影响,呈现出显著的正相关关系。基于代际传承视角提升消费者品牌忠诚度对推动老字号品牌发展和传统文化的传承和推广以及自有品牌竞争力的提升都具有重要的启示意义。

  2. Pharmacokinetics of doxapram in Chinese Hui and Han healthy volunteers%多沙普仑在中国回族和汉族健康人体内的药动学

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖勇; 程佳; 郭涛; 夏东亚; 郑谊; 郭红亮

    2011-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the pharmacokinetics of doxapram in Chinese Hui and Han healthy volunteers. Methods:Ten Hui volunteers and ten Han volunteers were given a single dose of 50 mg doxapram by intravenous infusion. The concentration of doxapram in plasma was determined by HPLC method, and the pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated by DAS 2. 0 software. ResultS:The main pharmacokinetic parameters of Hui volunteers were as follows: cmax 48±0. 46) μg/ml, t1/2β(3. 91±2.05) h,Vd(l. 35±0.45) L/kg,AUC0-12 (3. 02±0. 56)μg · h · ml-1 ,AUC0-∞(3. 49 + 0. 73) μg · h · ml-1. The main pharmacokinetic parameters of Han volunteers were as follows: cmax( 55±0. 52) μg/ml,t1/2β(3. 87 + 2. 17) h,Vd(l. 35± 0. 96) L/kg,AUC0-12(3. 51±1. 26)μg· h · ml-1, AUC0-∞ (4. 06±l. 44) μg · h· ml-1. Conclusion:There were no significant differences in the pharmacokinetic parameters of doxapram between Chinese Hui and Han healthy volunteers.%目的:研究汉族和回族健康受试者单次静脉滴注盐酸多沙普仑后的药动学.方法:回族和汉族健康受试者各10名,单次静脉滴注盐酸多沙普仑50 mg,定时采血,用HPLC法测定多沙普仑血药浓度,DAS 2.0软件计算药动学参数.结果:回族受试者的主要药动学参数为:cmax(1.48±0.46) μg/ml、t1/2β(3.91±2.05) h、Vd(1.35±0.45) L/kg、AUC0~12(3.02±0.56) μg·h·ml-1、AUC0~∞(3.49±0.73) μg·h·ml-1.汉族受试者的主要药动学参数为:cmax(1.55±0.52) μg/ml、t1/2β(3.87±2.17) h、Vd(1.35±0.96) L/kg、AUC0~12(3.51±1.26) μg·h·ml-1、AUC0~∞(4.06±1.44) μg·h·ml-1.结论:经统计学分析,回族和汉族健康受试者单次静脉滴注盐酸多沙普仑后药动学参数的差异无统计学意义.

  3. The First Chinese Translator of Pushkin's Works--JI YI-hui and Pushkin%普希金"初临中土"的向导--戢翼翚与普希金

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张铁夫

    2000-01-01

    JI Yi-hui was the first Chinese who translated Pushkin's works. Pushkin's "Daughter of lieutenant"was translated from Japanese by him and he gave this Chinese version a new name "Romance of Russia". This version was an assimilative one. There were quite big discrepancies over the book's name, characters' name, person, type and number of words between the Chinese version and the Russian original. However, It was not JI yi-hui but the Japanese translator who should bear full responsibility for these. Because the Japanese version was an abridged one itself and all the divergences above-mentioned could be fould there. Ji's version was not a perfect one, but it was the very beginning for the Chinese to translate pushkin's works and other Russian literary master pieces and therefore had a profound significance in the history of literature.%普希金的第一部汉译作品是《上尉的女儿》,译本题作《俄国情史》,系据日文转译,译者为戢翼翚。这是一部归化式译作,书名、人名、人称、体裁、字数均与原作有较大的出入。不过,责任主要不在中译者,而在日译者。日译本本身就是一个缩写本,上述问题都是目译本所存在的。戢译《俄国情史》虽是一部很不完善的译作,但它开了翻译普希金作品和俄国文学名著的先河,因而具有重要意义。

  4. The Comparison of the Self -Consciousness Developing Situation on the Hui -Nationality Girls and Han -Nationality Girls%回族与汉族女童自我意识发展状况的对比研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗媛; 丁仲学; 李鹏程

    2015-01-01

    In this paper,use the Piers -Harris children's self -consciousness scale (PHCSS),by investiga-ting 535 Han nationality girls and 418 Hui nationality girls.The results showed that:1.The behavior of the Hui nationality girls,body appearance and properties,anxiety,to fit in with the obvious differences in grade four as-pects,and the Han girls intelligence with the school situation,the body appearance and attributes have significant differences in grade;2.The behavior of the self -consciousness of the girls,intelligence and school situation,the body appearance and properties,sociable,happiness and satisfy the five dimensions have significant ethnic differ-ences.%本文采用 Piers -Harris 儿童自我意识量表(PHCSS),通过调查535名汉族女童和418名回族女童。结果发现:1.回族女童的行为、躯体外貌与属性、焦虑、合群这四个方面在年级上存在显著差异,而汉族女童的智力与学校情况、躯体外貌与属性在年级上存在显著差异;2.女童自我意识的行为、智力与学校情况、躯体外貌与属性、合群、幸福与满足五个因子上存在显著的民族差异性。

  5. Flowering Biological Characteristics of Lycium barbarum in Guyuan, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region%宁南固原枸杞开花生物学特性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗术东; 王彪; 褚忠桥; 吴杰; 杨文寿; 张俊丽

    2011-01-01

    为明确宁夏南部山区枸杞的开花生物学特性,以当地枸杞主栽品种“宁杞一号”为材料,于2008-2010年对枸杞的开花物候、花粉活力、柱头可授性、泌蜜规律、花粉胚珠比和杂交指数等进行研究.结果表明,宁杞1号单花花期一般为3d左右,老眼枝花期在4月下旬至5月上旬,七寸枝花在5月下旬至7月上旬,盛花期在5月下旬至6月下旬.花后2h开始散粉,但花粉在散粉前就具有活力,花后6h活性最强,72 h时花粉基本散尽且残余花粉活力很低.花后27 h内,5 a生树七寸枝花粉活力高于同时期10 a生树的花粉活力,其他时间段花粉活力基本一致.柱头在松蕾期和花后3h内均不具备可授性,花后3h开始具有可授性,18~36 h达最强,36 h候后可授性逐渐下降,花后60 h时基本丧失可授性.一天当中,枸杞单花蜜量7:00最大,此后在蜜量上逐渐减少,但含糖量上升,到15:00以后蜜量开始出现回升趋势.七寸枝初花期的蜜量显著高于老眼枝,而5a生七寸枝在盛花期的蜜量显著高于10 a生树.枸杞单花花粉量约为241 000粒,花粉胚珠比介于4 918~6 694之间,杂交指数(OCI)为5,因而可以断定枸杞的繁育系统为专性异交类型,需要传粉媒介为其传粉.%To identify the flowering biological characteristics of Chinese wolf berry in the southern of Ningxia Hui autonomous region, the floral biological characteristics, pollen viability, stigma receptivity, nectar secretion rhythm, pollen ovule ratio and outcrossing index of "Ningqi 1" were investigated in this paper. The results suggested that the old branches flowered from the late of April to the first ten days of May, but the new branches flowered from the late of May to the first ten days of July, and the full-bloom stage started from the late of May to the late of June, and most of flowers bloom about 3 days. The pollen can maintain viability since the late of bud stage, the flower has the strongest

  6. 回族儿童(7~12岁)生活习惯与体育技能获取途径的调查与分析%A Survey and Analysis of Children(7 - 12) of Hui Nationality's Living Habits and Access to Sports Skills

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘凌宇

    2012-01-01

    By means of investigation and questionnaire, Hui children's ( age 7 - 12) sports activities and cognition, living habits and access to sports were studied. A comprehensive analysis was also made of the influence of Hui nationality's peculiar habits and living environment on Hui children's living habits, sound growth and socializing. From the sociological perspective, the effect of socio - economy, culture, national conventions and environmental factors on children's socialization in the fonnation of Hui children's living habits and access to sports was analyzed. The inter - relationship and mutual promotion of Hui children's living habits and participation in sports was explored. Thus, in terms of learning, habit formation, acquisition of skills and social adaptation, the Hui children's education and growth was thoroughly examined.%运用走访调查和问卷调查等方法对回族7~12岁儿童的体育活动规律和体育认知程度、生活习惯和体育获取途径等内容进行研究,全面分析了回族儿童特有的民族习惯和生活环境等社会因素,对其生活习惯、健康成长和社会化过程的影响,并从社会学的角度分析了回族儿童生活习惯与体育获取途径中社会、经济、文化、民族习俗和环境因素对儿童社会化发展的影响,探讨回族儿童生活习惯与体育参与行为在社会实践中相互联系和相互促进的发展规律,从学习、习惯养成、技能获取和社会适应等方面全面审视了回族儿童的教育和成长过程.

  7. VDR基因多态性与宁夏回汉族白癜风患者的相关性研究%Investigation on association of VDR gene polymorphism with Hui and Han ethnic vitiligo patients in NingXia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭睿; 郝雁杰; 汪京峡; 刘霞; 杨文斌

    2012-01-01

    目的 研究VDR基因FokI、BsmI位点与宁夏地区回汉族白癜风患者遗传易感性的关系.方法 应用PCR-RFLP技术进行了宁夏回汉族白癜风患者的VDR基因FokI、BsmI位点频率分布的检测.结果 FokI位点的基因型和等位基因的分布频率在宁夏回汉族白癜风患者和对照组中均无统计学意义.BsmI位点Bb基因型的频率分布在宁夏回族白癜风组和回族健康对照组有显著性差异(P为0.033) ;而且Bb基因型的频率在宁夏白癜风患者组和对照组组中也有统计学意义(P值为0.036).结论 VDR 基因BsmI (rs:1544410) 位点可能是宁夏地区尤其是回族人群中白癜风发病的保护因子.%Objective To evaluate the assoriation of the polymorphism of VDR gene FokI and BsmI sites and the gr netir susrrptibility of Hui and Han cthnic vitiligo patiants in XingXia. Methods Polymarase chain relation scquancc rc strirtion fragment length polymorphism (PCR RFLP ) was used to analyzc the distribution of allles and genotypes of the Fold .mel BsmT sites of the VDR gene among Hui and Han cthnir vitiligo patients in Xingxin. Results There was no smtistirally signifirant rliffercncc in the frequencic.s of VDR FokI genotypes and alleles between the vitiligo patients and healthy controls in Han and Hui nationality (P>0.05). There was statistically signifirant diffcrenre in the frequcncies of Bb genotypes of VDR BsmT site between Hui ethnir vitiligo paticnts mel Hui ethnir healthy rontrols in XingXia (P - 0. 033) , and also between vitiligo patients mel healthy rontrols in XingXia. (P -0.026). Conclusion The Bsm I ( rs: 1544410) site of the VDR gene was likely the proteet factor in the pathogrncsis of vitiligo among XingXia population, especially Hui ethnir.

  8. Gene Polymorphism in Promoter of Interleukin- 6 between Hui and Han Ethnic Group of Ningxia%宁夏回、汉族群体IL-6启动子区基因多态性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    詹福寿; 李霞; 万艳; 张静; 霍正浩

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨白细胞介素6(interleukin6,IL-6)基因多态性在宁夏回、汉族人群中的分布特征.方法 应用聚合酶链反应-限制性片段长度多态性(PCR-RFLP)方法,对210例回族和308例汉族人群白细胞介素6基因启动子区三个多态性位点(-572G/C、-597G/A、-174G/C)进行检测.结果 宁夏回族群体IL-6基因三个SNP各基因型频率及等位基因频率分别为,-572G/C(CC:55.71%;CG:34.76%;GG:9.52%;C:73.10%;G:26.90%);-597G/A(GG:94.29%;GA:5.71%;AA:0%;G:97.14%;A:2.86);-174G/C(GG:96.67%;GC:3.23%;CC:0%;G:98.33%;C:1.67%).宁夏汉族群体IL-6基因三个SNP各基因型频率及等位基因频率分别为,-572(CC:52.92%;CG:35.71%;GG:11.36%;C:70.78%;G:29.22%);-597(GG:92.86%;GA:7.14%;AA:0%;G:96.13%;A:3.57);-174(GG:97.08%;GC:2.92%;CC:0%;G:98.54%;C:1.46%).两组间差异均无统计学意义(P>0.05);按性别分组,三个SNP位点的基因型频率及等位基因频率差异亦无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论 IL-6基因-572、-597、-174三个多态性位点在宁夏回、汉族人群及不同性别间差异无统计学意义.%Objective To explore the frequencies of allele and genotype distribution of interleukin6 ( IL - 6) gene promoter- 572G/C, -597G/A and - 174G/C polymorphisms in the Hui and Han people of Ningxia Province and to analyze the distributions of IL -6 polymorphism among different places and ethnic groups.Methods The gene IL -6 -572G/C, -597G/A and - 174G/C polymorphisms was examined by the polymerase chain reaction- restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR- RFLP) methods in 210 hui and 308 han healthy adults. Results IL - 6 - 572, - 597, - 174 genotype frequencies were - 572 ( CC :55.71%;CG:34.76%; GG: 9.52%; C: 73. 10%; G: 26.90% ), - 597 ( GG: 94.29%; GA: 5.71%; AA: 0%; G:97. 14%; A :2.86) and - 174 ( GG: 96.67 %; GC: 3.23 %; CC: 0%; G: 98.33 %; C: 1.67 % ) in Ningxia Hui ethnic group, respectively. IL - 6 - 572, - 597, - 174 genotypes frequencies were - 572 ( CC :52.92

  9. Effective of Hui Medicine AikangFang Synergism Chemotherapy to Lewis Lung Carcinoma Cell Ultrastructure%回药爱康方协同化疗对小鼠Lewis肺癌细胞超微结构的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马治国; 马科; 周丽萍; 边静; 周慧

    2012-01-01

    Objective Observed effective of Hui medicine AikangFang synergism chemotherapy to mice Lewis lung cancer cell changes by electron microscope. Methods We uesed to 55 C57 mice which were inoculated Lewis lung carcinoma cells after 24 h were randomly divided into model group, chemotherapy group, Hui medicine AikangFang; AikangFang low - dose and high - dose chemotherapy group. After 14d treatment, we observed the general situation of mice, completely stripping tumor tissue that the tumor, lung cells dissection, e-lectron microscope drawn, fabrication, observed in each group changes in the structure of tumor cells. Results Compared with model group, the rest of group mice general situation were good, high - dose plus chemotherapy group was best, the mice tumor weight compared with model group were statistically significant ( P < 0.01 ). Treatment groups of lung cancer cells have different degrees of morpho logical damage, high - dose chemotherapy group the most obvious cell damage, a large number of organelles necrosis, chromatin high degree of concentration. Conclusion Hui medicine AikangFang affects cancer cells , the high - dose chemotherapy can be effectively coordinated damage tumor cells.%目的 观察回药爱康方协同化疗对小鼠Lewis肺癌细胞超微结构的影响.方法 把55只C57小鼠接种Lewis肺癌细胞24h后随机分为模型组、化疗组、爱康方组、爱康方低剂量加化疗组、爱康方高剂量加化疗组.治疗14d后,观察小鼠一般情况,完整剥离肿瘤组织称瘤重,电镜取材、制作,观察各组肿瘤细胞结构的改变.结果 与模型组比较,其余各组小鼠一般情况较好,高剂量加化疗组最佳,小鼠瘤重较模型组轻,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.01);与模型组比较,其余各组的肺癌细胞形态都有不同程度的损伤,高剂量加化疗组细胞破坏最明显,出现大量细胞器坏死,染色质高度聚集.结论 回药爱康方高剂量协同化疗可有效损伤肿瘤细胞.

  10. The Comparative Study on Self-consciousness of Han,Hui and Uighur School Children%汉、回、维吾尔族学龄儿童自我意识的比较研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段宝军; 李玉保; 柴樱珊

    2014-01-01

    为了探讨汉、回、维吾尔族学龄儿童在自我意识及其各因子上的差异性特点,采用Piers-Harris儿童自我意识量表对808名汉、回、维吾尔族学龄儿童进行施测。结果表明:在自我意识总分及行为、智力与学校情况、躯体外貌与属性、合群因子上女生显著高于男生;维吾尔族学龄儿童在自我意识总分及行为、智力与学校情况、躯体外貌与属性、焦虑、幸福与满足因子上显著高于回族学龄儿童,在自我意识总分及智力与学校情况、躯体外貌与属性因子上显著高于汉族学龄儿童;五年级和六年级学龄儿童自我意识总分及智力与学校情况、躯体外貌与属性、合群、幸福与满足因子上显著高于四年级儿童,四年级学龄儿童在合群因子上显著低于六年级儿童,在幸福与满足因子上显著低于五年级儿童。%To explore the different characteristics of self-consciousness and each factor score in Han,Hui and Uyghur school chil-dren,808 Han,Hui and Uyghur school children were tested by the Piers-Harris Children's Self-consciousness Scale. The results show that(1)The self-consciousness total score and behavior,intelligence and school situation,body appearance and attributes,and the gregariousness factor of the female school children were significantly higher than those of the male school children.( 2 )The Uyghur school children's self-consciousness total score and behavior,intelligence and school situation,body appearance and attributes,anxie-ty,happiness and satisfaction factors were significantly higher than those of Hui school children;their self-consciousness total score, intelligence and school situation,body appearance and attributes were significantly higher than those of Han school children.(3)The grade 5 and grade 6 school children's self-consciousness total score,intelligence and school situation,body appearance and attributes, the gregariousness,happiness and

  11. 宁夏中部干旱带土地利用变化及驱动力分析%Analysis on Land Use Change and Its Driving Forces in Arid Area of Central Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾科利; 张俊华

    2011-01-01

    By using data derived from the 1978 MSS image and 1987,1996,2007 Landsat TM/ETM images and with the help of GIS,the land use change in arid area of central Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region was analyzed.At the same time,the driving forces of the land use change was identified by making use of the correlation analysis and principal component.The results showed that the overall trend of land use change in arid area of central Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region was in an enlargement of the areas of cultivated land,urban land,whereas sandy land area decreased 281 682 hm2,an average annual increase rate grassland area was 0.17%,and area of forest land reduced nearly 30 000 hm2 over 30 years.The land use information entropy indicating that the degree of disorder for land use system increased,and the structure of land use became complexity and diversity.It was considered that population,economic,regional socio-economic development degree,industrial structure,agricultural production,socio-input,government policy,and natural factors are the main driving forces inducing land use change in arid area of central Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region.More importantly,the principal component analysis showed that the impacts of human activity combining with some other conditions were the leading factors that induced dynamic change of the 1and use.%利用1978年MSS、1987年、1996年及2007年TM遥感影像,借助遥感和GIS技术及相关分析、主成分分析方法,对宁夏中部干旱带1978-2007年土地利用变化及驱动力进行了分析。结果表明:1978-2007年耕地、城镇用地面积快速增加,沙地面积减少了281 682hm2。草地以年均0.17%的速率不断增加,林地面积减少了近3万hm2。土地利用系统无序化程度增加,土地利用利用结构复杂性和多样性增大。人口、经济、产业结构、农业生产、投入、富裕程度、政策和自然因素是驱动研究区土地利用变化的主要因素,其中,人口作为社会经济活

  12. The Analysis of Hui Old Brand Make-up Based on Genetic Perspective%基于“品牌基因”视角的回族老字号品牌构成研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨保军; 黄志斌

    2013-01-01

    品牌基因是附着在产品上的、在品牌经营中具有显著的文化表征的具有遗传特征的知识体系,携带有包含产品基因和文化基因的多种遗传信息,是决定品牌进化的基本依据。品牌通过产品基因表现为产品功能和产品结构,并表达自己的个性和价值理念,通过文化基因表现为品牌文化的独特性,最终给消费者带来品牌归属感。回族老字号是中华老字号中具有鲜明民族、区域特色的品牌,基于基因理论来分析回族老字号的品牌基因的构成,为进一步开发相应的结构化量表提供了理论依据,对于国内相关企业的成长具有借鉴意义。%Brand gene is a kind of knowledge system attached to the product and it has significant cultural and hereditary characteristics in brand management .Brand gene contains a variety of genetic information such as product gene and culture gene , which is the basis of brand evolution .Brand shows product func-tion and product structure through the product gene , and expresses its personality and value concept .The brand also shows specificity of brand culture by culture gene and finally brings consumer a brand sense of belonging .The Hui old brand has distinctive ethnic and regional characteristics among chinese old brands.This article analyze the structure of the Hui old brand based on the gene structure .And it pro-vides a theory basis to further development of exploiting relevant structural scale , which has reference sig-nificance to the growth of domestic relevant enterprise .

  13. 一个回族家系亨廷顿舞蹈病的临床特征与基因突变分析%Clinical characteristics and genetic mutation analysis in a Hui family with Huntington disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈静; 雷晶; 张小宁

    2011-01-01

    目的 分析1个回族家系亨廷顿舞蹈病的临床表现与基因突变特点.方法 应用降落聚合酶链反应( touchdown PCR)、分子克隆及基因测序等技术对1个临床诊断为亨廷顿舞蹈病的回族家系成员进行IT15基因检测.结果 先证者首发症状为双下肢疼痛,逐渐发展为舞蹈样不自主运动、情绪异常、记忆力、智力减弱等,其染色体4p16.3的IT15基因异常片段CAG重复次数为46次;其子为症状前患者CAG重复次数为44次.结论 该家系存在母系传递过程中IT15基因上CAG重复次数减少的现象,并发现1例CAA插入.%Objective To perform clinical analysis and gene diagnosis of Huntington disease (HD) in a Hui pedigree from Xinjiang.Methods The IT15 gene mutation of the Hui family was analyzed by touchdown PCR,molecular cloning and gene sequencing.Results The proband carried 46 CAG repeats.Pain in bilateral lower limb was the first symptom,followed by symptoms such as dance-like involuntary movements,mood disorders,impaired memory and intelligence.Asymptomatic son of the proband carried 44 CAG repeats.Conclusion This family showed reduced CAG trinucleotide repeats of IT15 gene during maternal transmission.A CAA variation is also detected within the CAG repeat region.

  14. Pharmacokinetics of doxapram injection in Chinese Han, Mongolian, Korean, Uigur and Hui healthy subjects%多沙普仑在中国五民族健康受试者的药代动力学

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭涛; 杨长青; 赵龙山; 程佳; 夏东亚; 曾平; 肖勇; 赵东祥; 李强; 白音

    2014-01-01

    Aim To investigate and compare the phar-macokinetics of doxapram injection in healthy subjects of different Chinese nationalities including Han, Mon-golian, Korean, Hui and Uigur, and the influence of gender,in order to provide instruction and help for the usage of doxapram for both clinic and remedy of battle wound. Methods An HPLC-UV method was used to determine the plasma concentration of doxapram. Fifty healthy subjects ( five males and five females of each nationality) were recruited for the study. A single dose of 50 mg doxapram was administered intravenously to the healthy subjects, and blood samples were collected at various predetermined time points. The pharmacoki-netic parameters were calculated by DAS software and were compared by SPSS 13. 0 software, in order to as-sess the influence of nationality or gender on pharmaco-kinetics of doxapram. Results The results indicated that the pharmacokinetic profile of doxapram in vivo could be described as two-compartment model. The main pharmacokinetic parameters for Han, Mongolian, Korean, Hui and Uygur were as follows: Cl ( 0. 25 ± 0. 11 ) , ( 0. 33 ± 0. 11 ) , ( 0. 27 ± 0. 07 ) , ( 0. 26 ± 0. 06) and (0. 39 ± 0. 25) L·h-1 ·kg-1 , while Cmax (1. 55 ± 0. 52 ) , ( 1. 02 ± 0. 30 ) , ( 1. 31 ± 0. 47 ) , (1. 48 ± 0. 46 ) and ( 0. 99 ± 0. 35 ) mg · L-1 . The AUC0-12. 5 , AUC0-∞ and Cmax of Chinese Han were sig-nificantly higher than those of Uigur and Mongolian ( P0. 05 ) . There were statistically significant differences in Vc , Vd and CL between young males and females ( P 0.05)。男性与女性的Vc、Vd 和CL差异有统计学意义( P <0.05)。结论在战、创伤和平时临床应用本品时,应该对民族因素给予足够重视。

  15. 民国回族报刊话语下的“穆斯林女子剪发问题”争论透视%The Debate on“Muslim Women’ s Hair Cutting” in Hui Magazines during the Republic of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘莉

    2015-01-01

    There are a variety of text materials about the debats on “Muslim Women’s Hair Cutting” by Hui society in Hui Magazines in the Republic of China .These materials have been sorted and analyzed to find out some important informa-tion about the debate such as its wedge and contents , the meaning of “hair” as a symbol of their lives comparing with Han women’s, and so on.The analysis reveals that “hair cutting” held an important place in the society of Hui and their reli-gion.This study can be considered as a meaningful case for Hui Muslims ’ social life in the Republic of China .%20世纪30年代,回族报刊上出现了一股关于“穆斯林女子剪发问题”的讨论热潮,这场争论与当时的社会背景密切相关,受到西方文化和汉族妇女解放运动兴起的女子剪发潮流影响。透视这些争论会发现,其争论的具体进程及表现本身被抹上了浓烈的伊斯兰宗教色彩,是伊斯兰教“建筑”在头发上的种种符号和想象,其实质是回族社会对回族女性社会地位及社会分工的再塑造。

  16. 回族传承的民间武术心意六合拳考述%Exploration on the Mind-and-Intention Six Harmonies Fists Spreading amongst Hui People

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马锦丹

    2012-01-01

    The Mind-and-Intention Six Harmonies Fists is an excellent genre not only in Hui martial arts, but also in Chinese martial arts in a bigger sense. This paper is written with library and field researches to explore its or-igin and development, as well as other its detailed aspects such as principle, content, style and characteristics. All these would be beneficial to readers to know such a martial genre in Henan province.%心意六合拳不仅是回族武术的重要组成部分,同时也是中华传统武术中的优秀拳种。本文通过文献资料研究和田野调查的方法,探讨了回族所传承的民间武术心意六合拳(河南心意六合拳)的源流,并对其名称的由来及其原理、内容、风格、特点等进行了考述,对深入了解心意六合拳有积极意义。

  17. A Comparative Study of Music Morphologies and Singing Styles between Salars and Huis%撒拉族、回族民歌音乐形态及演唱风格比较研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张连葵

    2012-01-01

    There are great varieties of Salar folk songs and Hui folk songs in Qinghai Province. In the long historical development, they have formed their special and various music morphologies and singing styles. This essay mainly focuses on the comparative study of the generality and individuality of the folk songs. So it is greatly significant for inheriting the traditional ethnic music, digging out the precious ethnic music resources andfrequently innovating and developing them.%青海撒拉族民歌和回族民歌种类繁多,在长期的历史发展过程中,形成了多姿多彩、各具特色的音乐形态及演唱风格。对两个民族民歌共性与个性的比较研究,对于继承民族音乐传统,挖掘宝贵的民族音乐资源,从而不断创新与发展民族音乐具有重要的意义。

  18. Study of the Modern Hui Journalist Ding Zhuyuan’s Occupational Outlook and Society Practice%近代回族报人丁竹园的职业观及其社会实践研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张琴; 王晶

    2012-01-01

    丁竹园是近代回族社会早期重要报人的代表,他主张白话办报、为民办报,言论自由办报。他身体力行,撰文立说,发表演说,创办刊物,积极投入到社会实践当中,是近代回族社会杰出的回族爱国知识分子。通过对丁竹园生平活动、办报职业观、社会实践及其社会影响等几个方面,来评述他的先进事迹。%Ding Zhuyuan was an important representative of journalist in modern Hui society.He advocated running a newspaper in vernacular Chinese,running a newspaper for people and running a newspaper of freedom speech.At the same time,he published the paper,gave speech and started the publication,actively devoting himself to social practice.This paper will comment on Ding Zhuyuan’s outstanding deeds through presenting his lifetime activity,occupational outlook of running a newspaper,society practice and his social influence.

  19. Avoidance and Use of Buddhism Words in Hui Muslims Language in Northwest China%西北回族话对汉语佛教词的回避与化用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李生信

    2014-01-01

    In Hui Muslims’ Language, because of religious taboo and ethnic customs, some words of Buddhism in Chinese are avoided, even being refused to use in their daily life, yet some of them are kept in their daily life unconscious-ly, of which are embodied with meanings of Islam.The avoidance and use of these words is the expression of communica-tion of language and culture.%在西北回族话中,由于宗教禁忌或民族习俗等原因,对汉语中的某些佛教词采用了回避,甚至排斥的态度,但又有意或者无意地保留了一些原本属于表达佛教意义的词,只是在使用这些汉语佛教词时,赋予了伊斯兰教内容。这种词语的回避和化用,是语言接触与文化兼容在语言中的表现。

  20. The Hui Culture and Reconstruction of South Silk Route in the Context of“One Belt And one Road”%回族文化与“一带一路”背景下南方丝绸之路的重构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    纳文汇

    2016-01-01

    “一带一路”建设是新形势下中国对外开放的重要战略布局,也是中国经济社会发展的重大历史机遇,而南方丝绸之路是古丝绸之路的重要组成部分,重构南方丝绸之路是“一带一路”建设的重要内容。“一带一路”沿线国家多,民族多样、宗教多元,民族文化和宗教文化丰富而厚重,其中,伊斯兰文化和回族文化是“一带一路”建设和重构南方丝绸之路的重要资源。因此,要在传承和弘扬伊斯兰文化和回族优秀传统文化的基础上,进一步加强回族文化建设,积极引导伊斯兰教与社会主义相适应,充分调动和发挥回族穆斯林和回族文化在“一带一路”建设中的积极作用。%“One Belt And One Road” construction under the new situation of China's opening to the outside is important strategic layout, and is also great historical opportunity of China's economic and social development, and the southern silk road is an important part of the ancient silk road, re-construct the southern silk road is an important content of the construction of the“area”.“Area” all the way along the national, ethnic diversity and reli-gious pluralism, national culture and religious culture, rich and thick, among them, the islamic culture and the culture of the hui nationality is the“area” construction and reconstruction the important resources in the southern silk road.In inheriting and carrying forward the culture of Islam and, therefore, on the basis of the excellent traditional culture of hui nationality, further strengthening the construction of the hui culture, actively guide Islam adapted to socialism, and fully mobilize and exert the hui Muslim hui culture positive role in constructing the“area”.

  1. 宁夏水土保持的产业结构影响评价%Impact Evaluation on Industrial Structure of Soil and Water Conservation in Ningxia Hui Automonous Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴启蒙; 朱志玲; 吴咏梅; 王梅梅; 程淑杰; 王重玲

    2012-01-01

    The reasons for soil and water erosion under the different ecological environment and industrial conditions were investigated, which could provide support in theory for the partitioning control of the soil and water erosion in Ningxia Hui Automonous Region. A series of qualitative and quantitative analysis methods were used in this study, such as spatial overlay analysis, integrating expert system and hierarchical cluster analysis. Water conservation, wa- ter and wind erosion control were combined to study the ecosystem service function of soil and water conservation. Meanwhile, the influence of industrial structure on the ecosystem service function of soil and water conservation was evaluated. Based on these analysis, Ningxia Hui Automonous Region was divided into 3 control regions: important, moderately important and unimportant regions of soil and water erosion. The results showed that: the unreasonable tillage and the mode of industrial and mining exploitation could be changed in important regions of soil and water erosion. The relationship between the oasis exploitation and ecological environment should be coordinated well, and ecological engineering construct should proceed actively in the moderately important regions of soil and water erosion. The industrial structure had no significant influence on the soil and water conservation in the unimportant regions. With regard to the bad ecological environment foundation, we should control the growth of the population, implement the transition of the industry actively, and strengthen the governance of geological environment and ecological restoration.%探讨不同生态环境基础和产业条件下的水土流失原因,可为宁夏水土流失分区治理提供理论支持。运用空间叠置、专家集成和系统聚类等定性和定量方法,从水源涵养、防治土壤水力侵蚀和风力侵蚀3个方面分析宁夏水土保持生态系统服务功能,同时评价产业结构对宁夏水土保持生

  2. Action framework for climate change adaptation:an agriculture case in Ningxia Hui nationality autonomous region%气候变化适应行动实施框架——宁夏农业案例实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    居煇; 陈晓光; 王涛明; 姜帅

    2011-01-01

    Ningxia Hui nationality autonomous region is one of the ecological fragile and poor regions in China, sothis region could be used as representative and model sample for adaptation demonstration of agriculture system in China. According to climate change adaptation action framework,drought risk and water resource shortage will increase in future. At the same time, frequency and intensity of extreme climate events will also strengthen. High efficient water-saving irrigation technology and high efficient planting patterns should be developed in the north, facility agriculture and husbandry in the middle and characteristic agriculture in the south of Ningxia Hui nationality autonomous region in future. People working in meteorology and water resource fields think that adaptation effect will be good, while people in agriculture and forestry fields think it should be considered carefully. The primary criterion for adaptation implementation is to meet with the local and state policies. The second is the cost-effectiveness. Public awareness to climate risk and flexibility of measures requirement are relatively weakened in the course of implementation. In general, meteorological services and planting structure adjustment are preferred adaptation measures. In spite of the traditional and regular technologies such as concrete mulching and water-saving are good,their applications face certain limitations for adaptation implementing in first-class choice.%宁夏是我国生态脆弱区和贫困区之一,以宁夏为例开展农业适应行动实践具有一定的代表性和示范作用.根据气候变化适应行动实施框架,研究结果表明:宁夏未来气候干旱风险将增加,水资源短缺矛盾加剧,极端气候事件频率和强度加大.未来宁夏北部灌区农业应以发展节水灌溉和高效种植为主,中部以设施农业和牧业为主,南部以发展特色农业为主.气象部门和水利部门对适应技术的适应效果持乐观态度,农牧

  3. 宁夏回族女作家马金莲的小说创作论略%Delicate "Farm Work Poetry":a Survey of Novels by Ningxia Hui Nationality Woman Writer MA Jinlian

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王兴文

    2011-01-01

    马金莲是新世纪以来崭露头角并获得宁夏评论界首肯的回族女作家。她的小说以独特的叙述视角观照西海固古老乡土的民间生存,以平淡自然的文风谱写着清丽的"农事诗",并通过对女性生存状况的书写表达自己对女性的人文关怀。随着题材范围的拓展与对西海固人日常生存的深入思考,马金莲在坚持平淡自然的文风的道路上一定会更有建树。%MA Jinlian is a Hui nationality woman writer praised by Ningxia critical circle thanks to the novelty in her novels since the new century.Her novels reflect the folk living of the country of Xi-hai-gu with a unique narrative perspective,compose delicate farm work poetry with a plain and natural writing style,and express her humanistic concern to women through writing the females' survival condition.With the expansion of the writing material and the deep thought about the daily life of the Xi-hai-gu people,Ma Jinlian will make more achievements on the way of insisting on the plain and natural writing style.

  4. 论西北回族民间叙事诗的“三美”精神%On“Three-Beauty”Spirits inside the Folk Narrative Poem Of the Hui Nationality in Northwest China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘继辉

    2015-01-01

    Folk narrative poems grow out of the need to make emotional and aesthetic expression in low-class community, which exposes their aesthetic view, value view and world view, manifesting their yearning and expectation to beauty, love, and happy life. Folk narrative poems of the northwestern Hui nationality are the external form to express their pursuing, expressing and revealing the beauty. In the aesthetic form, this style of poery chiefly embodies the sad beauty on love and marriage tragedy;the perfection beauty with the love victory; the sublime beauty of reproducing the heroic epic.These three aesthetic spirits concetrate on the works like“Brother Mawu and Sister GA Dou”,“Purple Flowers”and“Ode to the Hero Bai Yan-hu”.%民间叙事诗产生于下层民众情感发抒、审美体现的需要,表现下层民众的审美观、价值观和世界观,彰显着他们对美、对爱、对幸福生活的向往和期待。西北回族民间叙事诗是他们追求美、表现美、揭示美的外在形式,在审美形态上主要体现为反映爱情婚姻悲剧的“凄美”、寄托爱情胜利的“完美”、再现英雄史诗的“壮美”。这三种美学精神集中地表现在《马五哥与尕豆妹》《紫花儿》《歌唱英雄白彦虎》等作品中。

  5. 微波消解-ICP-AES法测定回汉族人群血清中的微量元素%Determination of serum trace elements of Hui and Han ethnic by ICP-AES after microwave digestion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李玲; 樊学敏; 靳雅男; 赵燚

    2014-01-01

    The concentration of serum mineral elements of rural residents in Ningxia was determined by ICP-AES in this work. Microwave digestion was used for sample decomposition. By this way, RSD≤3. 5%and the average recoveries were in the range of 90%-117%. The method is simple,rapid,sensitive and accurate for the determination of various elements in the same ser-um. The results show that,there are significant difference between Hui ethnic group and Han ethnic group in 14 elements(P<0. 05) . At the same time,the reasons which caused differences were explained.%本文测定了宁夏农村地区回汉族人群血清中Li、Co、Cd、Ga、Ba、Sr、Cu、Zn、Fe、Al、Se、Sn、B、Mn、Cr、Ni、Pb、Ca、K、Mg、Na、P、S的含量。采用微波消解对样品进行了前处理,使用电感耦合等离子体原子发射光谱法( ICP-AES)进行测定。该方法的RSD≤3.5%,样品加标回收率为90%~117%。该法简便、快速、灵敏、准确,可用于血清中多种元素含量的同时测定。研究结果表明,K、Fe、Cu、Mn、Ni、Ga、Al、Se、Pb、S、Cd、Cr、Sr、Ca这14种元素含量在回族和汉族之间存在着显著性差异(P<0.05),探讨了产生上述差异的原因。

  6. Analysis for phenylalanine hydroxylase gene mutations in 35 ethnic Hui children from Ningxia with phenylketonuria%35例回族苯丙酮尿症患儿苯丙氨酸羟化酶基因突变分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毛新梅; 何江; 刘媛; 李晓强; 余伍忠

    2014-01-01

    Objective To determine the type and frequency of phenylalanine hydroxylase gene (PAH) mutations in ethnic Hui patients from Ningxia with phenylketonuria (PKU).Methods For 35 PKU children patients and 50 healthy individuals,all exons and promoters of the PAH gene were analyzed with PCR and direct sequencing.Results Twenty mutations,including 8 missense mutations (40%),5 nonsense mutations (25 %),4 splice site mutations (20 %) and 3 deletion mutants (15 %) were discovered.The overall detection rate was 68.57% (48/70).Common mutations have included R243Q (12.86%),R241C (11.43%),EX6-96A>G (5.71%),Y356X (5.71%),R413P (4.29%) and Q232X (4.29%),whilst rarer ones have included S16fsX10 (2.86%),R111X (2.86%) and L430P (2.86%).Among these,S16fsX10,L430P,D222G and IVS11+1G→A have not been reported previously.Y414X and S303fsX38 have not been reported in Hui ethnic group.No mutation was detected in the 50 normal controls.Conclusion The types and distribution of PAH gene mutations in ethnic Hui from Ningxia have been different from other areas of China.The mutations also showed a rich diversity.%目的 探讨宁夏回族地区苯丙氨酸羟化酶(phenylalanine hydroxylase,PAH)基因突变特点,为该地区苯丙酮尿症(phenylketonuria,PKU)的基因诊断和产前诊断提供依据.方法 应用PCR产物直接测序法,对宁夏地区35例回族PKU患儿和50名正常健康个体的PAH基因第1~13外显子及其旁侧内含子区域进行基因突变分析.结果 共检出20种突变类型,包括错义突变8种(40%)、无义突变5种(25%)、剪切位点突变4种(20%)、缺失突变3种(15%),等位基因突变检出率为68.57%(48/70).最常见的基因突变类型是p.R243Q(12.86%)、p.R241C(11.43%)、EX6-96A>G(5.71%)、p.Y356X(5.71%)、p.R413P(4.29%)和p.Q232X(4.29%);较常见的突变类型为S16fsX10(2.86%)、p.R111X(2.86%)和p.L430P(2.86%).其中S16fsX10、p.L430P、p.D222G和IVS11+1G→A突

  7. The variation of the ground electric field associated with the Mei-Nung earthquake on Feb. 6, 2016

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bing-Chih Chen, Alfred; Yeh, Er-Chun; Chuang, Chia-Wen

    2017-04-01

    Recent studies show that a strong coupling exists between lithosphere, atmosphere and extending up to the ionosphere. Natural phenomena on the ground surface such as oceans variation, volcanic and seismic activities such as earthquakes, and lightning possibly generate significant impacts at ionosphere immediately by electrodynamic processes. The electric field near the ground is one of the potential quantities to explore this coupling process, especially caused by earthquake. Unfortunately, thunderstorm, dust storm or human activities also affect the measured electric field at ground. To investigate the feasibility of a network to monitor the variation of the ground electric field driven by the lightning and earthquake, a filed mill has been deployed in the NCKU campus since Dec. 2015, and luckily experienced the earthquake with a moment magnitude of 6.4 struck 28 km on 6 Feb. 2016. The recorded ground electric field deceased steadily since 1.5 days before the earthquake, and returned to normal level gradually. Moreover, this special feature can not be identified in the other period of the field test. The detail analysis is reported in this presentation.

  8. Relation of metabolic syndrome with plasma adiponectin level and gene polymorphism in Ningxia Hui subjects%宁夏回族代谢综合征与脂联素水平及基因多态性的相关性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈佳; 武海亮; 刘雅娟; 曹相原; 马晓薇; 荆忻; 杨锐英

    2013-01-01

    Objective To study the relation of metabolic syndrome with plasma adiponectin level and mononucleotide polymorphisms at SNP45T/G and 276G/T in Ningxia Hui subjects .Methods Three hundred and five Hui subjects from Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region with no genetic relationship and interracial marriage in 3 generations were divided into metabolic syndrome group (n=207) and control group(n= 98) .Their plasma adiponectin level was measured by ELISA and their gene polymorphisms at SNP45T/G and 276G/T were detected by PCR-RFLP .Results The body mass index ,waist/hip ratio ,systolic blood pressure ,and diastolic blood pressure ,plasma levels of adiponectin ,fasting blood glucose and insulin , TG , TC , LDL-C were significantly higher whereas the plasma HDL-C level was significantly lower in metabolic syndrome group than in control group(P<0 .05 ,P<0. 01).The frequencies of genotypes at SNP+45 TG+GG and G al-leles were significantly higher while those of TT genes and T alleles were significantly lower in metabolic syndrome group than in control group ( P<0 .01) .Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the gene polymorphisms at SNP+45T/G were the risk factors for metabolic syndrome in Hui subjects .Conclusion The adiponectin level is lower in Hui metabolic syndrome patients .The risk to develop metabolic syndrome increases in Hui subjects carrying SNP + 45G alleles .%目的 探讨脂联素水平及其单核苷酸多态性(SNP+45T/G和SNP+276G/T) 2个位点与宁夏回族代谢综合征(MS)的关系.方法 选择祖居宁夏、无亲缘关系、3代内无异族通婚史的回族个体共305例,分为MS组207例和对照组98例;应用ELISA及PCR-RFLP技术检测血浆脂联素水平及其2个位点的SNP.结果 与对照组比较,MS组体重指数、腰臀比、收缩压、舒张压、空腹血糖、空腹胰岛素、TG、LDL-C、胰岛素抵抗指数明显升高,TC、HDL-C、脂联素水平明显降低,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05,P<0.01).与对照组比较,MS

  9. Islamic culture and the narrative ethics of Hui novels after the turn of the century%伊斯兰文化与世纪之交以来回族小说的叙事伦理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金春平

    2014-01-01

    With their fundamental values originated from Islamic culture, the Hui novels since the turn of the century tend to construct a religious narrative ethics of“conservatism”:by the“clean spirit”, saving the true humanity and clean Soul against profane temptation and moral corruption;by the“awareness of the other shore”, pursuing the communion of life and death, and the transmigration and relief from secular suffering, by“sacred experience”, understanding the animism and mysterious vision in religion and deities; and by the consciousness of “converting to maternal family”, seeking the identity affiliation and native poetry from the spirit vagrancy and cultural rootlessness. Hence the narrative ethics bred by the Islamic culture implicate certain religious reflection and aesthetic criticism against the novel narrations which take“Modernity”as their dominant values.%世纪之交以来的回族小说,以伊斯兰文化为价值底色,构建着“保守主义”倾向的宗教性叙事伦理,主要表现为以“清洁精神”伦理拯救世俗诱惑和道德沦陷困境中的人性之真与心灵之净,以“彼岸意识”伦理探寻生死相通和现世苦难追问中的轮回运转与超越解脱,以“神圣体验”伦理参悟万物有灵和宗教神祗领域中的幽冥哲思与神秘图景,以“母族皈依”伦理重觅精神漂泊和文化无根突围中的身份归属与本土诗意,伊斯兰文化孕育的叙事伦理,蕴含着对以“现代性”为价值主导小说叙事的宗教式反思与审美式批判。

  10. Study on Fluctuation Ratio of Grassland Vegetation in the Haba Lake Natural Reserve of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region%哈巴湖自然保护区草地植被数量波动探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏鹏飞; 张克斌; 王晓; 庞吉林; 王海星

    2012-01-01

    植被波动是植被动态的一种表现形式,该文在生态学、统计学基础上,结合草地植被特征,采用专家权重法构建草地植被波动测度公式,以哈巴湖自然保护区为例,研究2006—2010年草地植被数量波动及波动率,从数量特征上对草地植被波动进行探讨。结果表明:哈巴湖自然保护区植被波动率正向波动2007年最大,为0.381,是近年来植被生长状况最好的一年;负向波动以2009年的-0.350的绝对值最大,表明2009年是近年来植被生长状况最差的一年。草地植被数量的波动,一定程度上反映了该年度植被生长状况,为草地经营管理和植被恢复提供了便利,同时也为预测未来草地植被变化提供了依据。%Vegetation fluctuation is an important part of vegetation dynamics.Based on the meanings of ecology and statistics,and combined with the characteristics of grassland vegetation,fluctuation measure formula was built by the method of expert weighting.The grassland vegetation quantitative fluctuation and its fluctuation ratio between 2006 and 2010 were studied in Haba Lake Natural Reserve of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region,the fluctuation was discussed from the number of features on the grassland.Results showed that the biggest positive fluctuation ratio was 0.381 in 2007,meaning the best vegetation growth during recent years.While the most negative fluctuation ratio was-0.350 in 2009,meaning the worst vegetation growth during this period.Vegetation fluctuation of grassland reflects the situation of vegetation growth and provides scientific basis for grassland management,as an effective method to forecast future grassland fluctuations.

  11. Einstein today; Einstein aujourd'hui

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aspect, A.; Grangier, Ph. [Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Lab. Charles Fabry de l' Institut d' Optique a Orsay, 91 - Orsay (France); Bouchet, F.R. [Institut d' Astrophysique de Paris, CNRS, 75 - Paris (France); Brunet, E.; Derrida, B. [Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, Ecole Normale Superieure, 75 - Paris (France); Cohen-Tannoudji, C. [Academie des Sciences, 75 - Paris (France); Dalibard, J.; Laloe, F. [Laboratoire Kastler Brossel. UMR 8552 (ENS, UPMC, CNRS), 75 - Paris (France); Damour, Th. [Institut des Hautes Etudes Scientifiques, 91 - Bures sur Yvette (France); Darrigol, O. [Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Groupe Histoire des Sciences Rehseis, 75 - Paris (France); Pocholle, J.P. [Thales Research et Technology France, 91 - Palaiseau (France)

    2005-07-01

    The most important contributions of Einstein involve 5 fields of physics : the existence of quanta (light quanta, stimulated radiation emission and Bose-Einstein condensation), relativity, fluctuations (Brownian motion and thermodynamical fluctuations), the basis of quantum physics and cosmology (cosmological constant and the expansion of the universe). Diverse and renowned physicists have appreciated the development of modern physics from Einstein's ideas to the knowledge of today. This book is a collective book that gathers their work under 7 chapters: 1) 1905, a new beginning; 2) from the Einstein, Podolsky and Rosen's article to quantum information (cryptography and quantum computers); 3) the Bose-Einstein condensation in gases; 4) from stimulated emission to the today's lasers; 5) Brownian motion and the fluctuation-dissipation theory; 6) general relativity; and 7) cosmology. (A.C.)

  12. La chanson belge d'aujourd'hui

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Corinne Bricmaan

    2011-01-01

    Pays multilingue et multiculturel,la Belgique est un carrefour de cultures;ce qui a évidemment influencé ses expressions artistiques,la chanson y compris.Les origines de sa musique sont bien plus anciennes que la proclamation d'indépendance de la nation elle-même,en 1830.Elles prennent source:— d'un c(o)té,dans la complexité musicale de la tradition médiévale flamande;— de l'autre,dans l'héritage ludique des jongleurs et des ménestrels qui chantaient en langue d'oil au Moyen (A)ge.Les traces de ces trouvères qui ont habité le pays restent visibles pour ceux qui savent les voir.

  13. Observation of Hui acupuncture in the treatment of movement functional impairment of shoulder joint after fracture of surgical neck of humerus%恢刺法治疗肱骨外科颈骨折术后肩关节活动功能障碍30例临床观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯志; 罗开民; 杨琳; 戚天臣

    2012-01-01

    Objective To observe the clinical effect of Hui acupuncture in the treatment of movement functional impairment of shoulder joint after fracture of surgical neck of humenis. Methods All 56 patients with movement functional impairment of shoulder joint induced by fracture of surgical neck of humerus were divided randomly into a combination of Hui acupuncture and rehabilitation group ( n = 30) and a rehabilitation group ( n = 26). The combination of Hui acupuncture and rehabilitation group were acupunctured in the rigid part of the wicked shoulder, assistant acupoints were quchi, hegu, yanglingquan; after acupuncture, some shoulder rehabilitation exercise was done. The rehabilitation group did some passive shoulder rehabilitation exercise firstly and then some active shoulder rehabilitation exercise was done. The course was 15 days in two groups. Shoulder pain visual analogue scale ( VAS) , shoulder function score and shoulder joint range of motion (ROM) were observed before and after treatment. Results Compared with scores before treatment, the VAS of the shoulder, shoulder function score, and the score of ROM after treatment were improved in two groups ( P < 0.05 ). The improvement in the combination of Hui acupuncture and rehabilitation group was superior to that in a rehabilitation group ( P <0.05). Conclusion The Hui acupuncture has definite effect on the treatment of movement functional impairment of shoulder joint after fracture of surgical neck of humerus.%目的 现察恢刺法治疗骨折术后肩关节活动功能障碍的临床疗效.方法 将56例肱骨外科颈骨折术后患者随机分为2组,对照组26例予被动活动肩关节后再行主动运动训练;治疗组30例在对照组治疗基础上加恢刺法.2组均15 d为1个疗程,4个疗程后观察治疗前后肩部疼痛视觉模拟评分(VAS)、肩关节功能评分及肩关节主动运动关节活动度(ROM)评分.结果 2组治疗后肩部疼痛VAS评分、肩关节功能评分及肩关

  14. Variations autour de la tâche dans l'enseignement / apprentissage des langues aujourd'hui What kind of tasks are used for L2 teaching and learning today?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elke Nissen

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Cet article se donne pour objectif d'identifier les types de tâches, et leurs dénominateurs communs, qui sont présentés aujourd'hui – où "l'approche par les tâches" est soutenue par le Conseil de l'Europe – aux apprenants. Il analyse pour cela les articles issus de deux numéros de revues et un ouvrage collectif récents. Il apparaît que la grande majorité des scénarios pédagogiques s'y inscrit dans la perspective actionnelle... du moins d'après la déclaration des auteurs, car leur définition de ce qu'est une tâche ne correspond pas toujours à celle du CECR. Pour le public visé, étudiants ou professionnels, on propose le plus souvent des mono-tâches, mais également des projets, ou encore des simulations avec un enchaînement de plusieurs tâches. Elles s'inscrivent généralement dans la (future réalité sociale des apprenants, mais certaines laissent également la place à des thèmes artistiques ou (interculturels. Contrairement à ce que l'on aurait pu attendre dans une démarche qui responsabilise l'apprenant, le recours à Internet n'est pas toujours systématique.At a time when action- and task-based learning is sustained by the European Council, this paper explores which types of tasks are given to second language learners today and what aspects these tasks have in common. The paper analyses two recent issues of scientific journals and one collective book. The analysis shows that the majority of pedagogical scenarios described in these texts claim to adopt an action- and task-based approach. However, in reality the way they define a task does not always correspond to the definition given by the European Framework of Reference for Languages. The described tasks are exclusively dedicated to higher and professional education; they are mostly single tasks, but they can also be projects and simulations including several successive tasks. They generally correspond to the learners' (future reality, with themes that are

  15. Group differences in responses of Pseudois naynaur to human disturbance in Helan Mountain, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region%人为干扰下宁夏贺兰山岩羊反应的群体差异

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋天一; 丁由中; 王正寰; 何桂芳; 赵金萍; 马凤琴; 王小明

    2011-01-01

    野生动物对人类的非资源利用性的干扰具有不同的反应,这些反应的差异依赖于物种自身和外界生境中不同的因子.2009年7-8月和2009年12月-2010年1月在宁夏回族自治区贺兰山苏峪口国家森林公园,选定95.87 km2 的调查区域内设四条样线,总长度为18.3 km,通过观察岩羊的瞬时反应距离,比较了不同干扰源、群体大小和群类型下,岩羊无反应行为、警戒反应行为和逃跑反应行为距离的差异.结果表明:(1) 相对于车辆,岩羊对行人的干扰更加敏感(U=8.69,P<0.001); (2) 当群体大小分为≤3的小群和>3大群时,小群岩羊的警戒反应行为距离显著大于大群(Z=2.165,P=0.03),当群体大小分为≤5的小群和>5的大群时,小群岩羊的逃跑反应行为距离显著大于大群(Z=2.003,P=0.045); (3) 雌幼群、雄性群和混合群这3种不同的群类型之间的无反应行为距离无显著差异,雄性群的警戒行为距离显著大于雌性群和混合群的警戒行为距离(Z=2.746,P=0.006; Z=3.589,P<0.001),雌性群的逃跑反应行为距离显著大于混合群的逃跑反应距离(Z=2.376,P=0.017); (4) 混合群内的雌性和雄性的3种反应行为无显著差异.%Wild animals respond differently to nonconsumptive human activity and such variation depends on multiple factors. We explored the behaviors of Pseudois naynaur and recorded the distance of their responses in Suyu Kou National Forest Park, Helan Mountain, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region. We categorized their behavioural responses as no response, vigilance and flight and recorded the response initiation distance. We compared distances according to disturbance source, group size, group type and sex. Our results showed that Pseudois naynaur showed stronger responses to humans than vehicles. The distance at which the subject of the group was vigilant in small group (group size less than three) was significantly more than that of larger groups (group size more

  16. Analysis of the characteristics of hospitalized patients with systemic lupus erythematosus in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region%宁夏地区系统性红斑狼疮住院患者发病特点分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张芮君; 曾小峰; 王莉; 朱蓉; 竺红

    2014-01-01

    Objective To analyze the characteristics of hospitalized patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region,and to characterize the epidemiology of SLE.Methods The data of 184 patients admitted to Ningxia Medical College Hospital during January 2008 to December 2013 were retrospectively analyzed.The data analysis included the initial symptoms,system involvement and clinical situations.Chi-square test,t test,Mann-Whitney U test and Logistic analysis were used for statistical analysis.Results ① The ratio of male and female was 1∶9.8.The most common clinical symptoms was rash in 72 cases (39%),and followed by joint pain in 61 cases (33%),swelling in 28 cases (15%) and fatigue in 21 cases (11%).② Eighteen percent (33/184) patients were late-onset SLE patients.Compared with regular SLE patients,the interval was longer in late-onset SLE patients between clinical symptoms onset and the time when they saw the doctor.③ Blood and kidney were the most commonly affected organs.④ The highest diagnosis rate occurred in rheumatology department,the highest diagnosis rate occurred in the kidney department for patients with dropsy as starting symptom.Conclusion SLE primarily occurs in childbearing aged women.The reason of misdiagnosis of SLE is mainly due to the incorrect hospital selection for the first visit.Delayed diagnosis will lead to delay in the treatment.%目的 分析宁夏回族自治区SLE住院患者的发病及预后情况.方法 采用回顾性病例分析方法,选取2008年1月至2013年12月在宁夏医科大学总医院住院的SLE患者,收集其首发症状、系统累及和就诊情况,并采用t检验,Mann-Whitney U检验,x2检验和Logistic相关性分析进行统计学分析.结果 ①在184例住院患者中,男∶女为1∶9.8,首发临床表现以皮疹最为多见,占39%(72/184),其次为关节痛、浮肿、乏力,分别占33%(61/184)、15%(28/184)、11%(21/184).②晚发性SLE患者占18%(33

  17. 基于福建省惠安县气候特点的薄皮甜瓜高效栽培技术探讨%Discussion on Efficient Cultivation Techniques of Cucumis melo L. Based on Climate Characteristics in Hui'an County of Fu-jian Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪婉娥; 郑志阳; 陈小龙

    2016-01-01

    The main meteorological disasters which affected yield and quality of Cucumis melo L. were summarized , by analyzing the climate characteristics of Chongwu national benchmark weather stations in thirty years from 1981 to 2010 of Hui'an County of Fujian Province.Moreover, the efficient cultiva-tion techniques of Cucumis melo L. were putforward.%通过分析福建省惠安县崇武国家基准气候站1981—2010年30年的气候特点,总结了影响薄皮甜瓜产量和品质的主要气象灾害,并提出了较为合理的薄皮甜瓜高产优质高效栽培技术。

  18. 西北农村妇女三维空间中的生活状况对其健康的影响——一项人类学视野下的田野考察%Three-dimensioned Life of the Hui Women in Northwestern Rural Areas and the Influence on Their Health --An Anthropological Field Survey

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙金菊

    2012-01-01

    根据田野调查资料,笔者将西北农村回族妇女的主要生活空间划分为家庭层面、宗教层面和社区层面三个维度。每一空间里妇女的生活状况对妇女健康均有着重大影响。%Based on field survey data, the writer divides the living space of the northwestern rural areas into three dimensions: family, religion and community. Women' dimension produces immense influence on their health. This paper will analyze and discuss the the perspectives of feminist anthropology and medical anthropology. Hui women in s life in each influence from

  19. 宁夏回族人群脂联素水平及基因单核苷酸多态性与冠心病相关性研究%Correlation of Single Nucleotide Polymorphism of Adiponectin Gene with Coronary Artery Disease in Hui Ethnic Group in Ningxia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈佳; 陈芳; 刘志军; 杨锐英

    2012-01-01

    Objective To study Adiponectin ( APN ) plasma level and the correlation of its single nucleotide gene polymorphism ( SNP45T/G and SNP276G/T ) with coronary heart disease ( CHD ) in Hui ethnic group in Ningxia. Methods A total of 193 Hui patients were divided into two groups based on the coronary angiography and the clinical data: coronary heart disease ( CHD ) group ( n = 95 ) and normal control group ( n = 98 ). Enzyme - linked immunosorbent assay ( ELISA ) and polymer-ase chain reaction - restriction fragment length polymorphism ( PCR - RFLP ) were used to detect the plasma APN level and the gene polymorphism of its two sites. Results Compared with the normal control group, the plasma APN level in CHD group was reduced. The distribution frequencies of SNP +45 TG + GG genotype and G allele in CHD group were significantly higher, and the distribution Frequencies of SNP +276TG + TT genotype and T allele were also significantly higher ( P <0. 05 ). The plasma APN level of SNP +45TG + GG genotype was significantly lower than that of TT genotype and the plasma APN level of SNP + 276TG + TT genotype was significantly lower than that of GG genotype ( P <0. 05 ). Conclusion The plasma APN level is low in Hui CHD patients. The distribution frequencies of SNP +45TG + GG genotype and G allele in Hui CHD patients may increase and the distribution frequencies of SNP + 276TG + TT genotype and T allele may decrease.%目的 探讨宁夏回族人群血浆脂联素(APN)水平及其单核苷酸基因多态性(SNP45T/G和SNP276G/T)两个位点与冠心病(CHD)之间的关系.方法 将193例回族研究对象根据造影结果 和临床资料分为2组:CHD组95例和正常对照组98例;应用酶联免疫吸附法及聚合酶链反应-限制性片段长度多态性(PCR-RFLP)技术,检测回族正常对照组及CHD组血浆APN水平及APN2个位点基因多态性.结果 回族CHD组APN水平降低;回族CHD组SNP+45TG+GG基因型和G等位基因的分布频率明显高

  20. The Study of the Relationship between the Infant's Social Development and the Parenting Style of Uyghur and Hui Mothers%维吾尔族、回族母亲教养方式与幼儿社会性发展的相关研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑名; 何国宏

    2013-01-01

    文章采用分层整群抽样的方法,对维吾尔族、回族母亲教养方式与幼儿社会性发展进行了定量分析并得出了结论。受教育水平越高,母亲权威行为越多,专制行为越少。母亲权威行为越多,越有利于幼儿社会性发展。%Based on group sampling and quantitative analysis upon the relationship between infant 's social de-velopment and the parenting style of Uyghur and Hui mothers , the paper studies the positive correlation be-tween the mothers'education background , authoritative behaviors and their children's social development .

  1. 《穆斯林的葬礼》中朝觐亚叙述层的功能分析——兼谈当代回族流散写作%The Diasporic Writing of Contemporary Hui under the Pilgrim Narration --the reading about the hypodiegetic level in Funeral of the Muslims

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨秀明

    2011-01-01

    The story of pilgrim had been narrated in the beginning and the end of the novel Funeral of the Muslims. On the one hand, as hypodiegetic level in narration, it had special function to the main narration about the history of one Hui family in Beijing; on the other hand, in consideration of the irreplaceable meanings of pilgrim rite to the collective memory, the pilgrim story run through the whole texts had the external narration function in a symbolism aspect. With reading of the pilgrim story in Funeral of the Muslims in the view of globalization, the author wanted to look for the relationship between the diasporic writing from contemporary Hui and their pursuit of identities.%朝觐故事在长篇小说《穆斯林的葬礼》的开头和结尾分别通过吐罗耶定和韩子奇(易卜拉欣)的叙述得以显影,一方面作为《穆斯林的葬礼》的亚叙述层对北京回族家族史这一主体叙述有着特定的结构功能,另一方面考虑到朝觐仪式在穆斯林集体记忆中的突出意义,这种贯穿始终的叙事策略使朝觐故事具有某种外叙述层的象征意味。本文拟从叙述层次理论出发,解读全球化背景下《穆斯林的葬礼》中朝觐叙事与当代散居回族的流散写作和身份诉求的联系。

  2. 不同施肥处理对细叶楠容器苗耐寒性的综合评价%Integrated Evaluation on Cold Resistance of ContainerPhoebe hui Seedlings by Different Fertilization Treatments

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马俊伟; 柳新红; 李因刚; 何云核; 石从广; 杨少宗; 蒋冬月

    2016-01-01

    以同一种源的细叶楠(Phoebe hui)容器苗为试验材料,对其进行NPK4种不同配比施肥(N:P:K =1:1:1、2:1:1、1:2:1和1:1:2)和3种叶面施肥(0、0.3%硼酸钠和5 mmol/L水杨酸)12种处理,研究其对细叶楠容器苗高生长、耐寒性生理指标和田间耐寒力的影响。结果表明:NPK比例为1:1:1和1:2:1的各自3个处理间,叶面施肥的苗高显著低于不施肥;在所有12个处理中,NPK比例为1:1:1、2:1:1和1:2:1且叶面不施肥的3个处理的苗高与其他处理间的差异达显著性水平。超氧化物歧化酶(SOD)、过氧化物酶(POD)性和丙二醛(MDA)含量在不同施肥处理间表现出一定的差异,脯氨酸(Pro)、可溶性糖(SS)和可溶性蛋白(SP)含量在NPK 4种比例的各自3个处理间的差异均达到了显著性水平。NPK比例保持不变时,叶面不施肥处理的隶属度显著低于叶面施肥处理,但田间耐寒力指标的差异不显著。本研究表明,N:P:K =1:1:2且叶面喷施5 mmol/L水杨酸的处理为细叶楠容器苗最佳的施肥方式,其容器苗的田间耐寒力最优、苗高生长较高。%Experiments were conducted on container seedlingof Phoebe hui from the same provenance treated with four different ratio of N, P and K, and with two different foliage fertilizer to study influence of different treatment on height growth, cold resistance indicators and field cold hardiness of seedlings. The result showed that height growth of seedlings treated with N:P:K ratio of 1:1:1 and 1:2:1, and with foliar fertilizer was significantly lower than that without foliar fertilizer. Height growth of seedlings treated with N:P:K ratio of 1:1:1, 2:1:1 and 1:2:1, and without foliar fertilizer had significant difference with the other 9 treatments. SOD, POD activity and MDA content varied among fertilization treatments. There were significant differences among three

  3. 历史地理空间视角下的“文化扶贫”研究--六盘山地区陕西回族后裔文化生活考察%Research on Cultural Poverty Alleviation under the Perspective of His-torical Geography Space---A Survey of the Cultural Life of Hui Descendents Originated from Shaanxi Province in Liu-panshan Area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马光华; 滑小莉; 党晓红; 刘艳

    2016-01-01

    六盘山地区生活着大量陕西回民后裔,受地理、历史空间以及经济结构、人口结构、教育结构等因素制约,其在自身文化形态、文化建设、文化消费等方面存在许多问题,主要表现为宗教文化、民族文化与公共文化缺乏协调发展,外在的改善“文化贫困”能力和内在的改善“贫困文化”动力不足。研究六盘山地区陕西回族后裔“文化致贫”原因和治贫策略,需要从地理历史空间视角探讨文化模式形成的诸多自然、社会因素,研究宗教文化、民族文化和公共文化协调发展问题,重点解决文化“扶志”和教育“扶智”两大关键问题,引导回族群众走出历史文化和地理空间的局限。%In china, a large number of Hui descendents originated from Shaanxi Province are now living in Liupanshan area. With constraints of geography, historical space, economical structure, population structure and educational structure, many problems still remain for those Hui descendents in terms of cultural pattern, cultural construction and cultural consumption, as evidenced by uncoordinated development of religious culture, national culture and public culture, weak external capacity of improving“culture poverty” and insufficient internal impetus improving“poverty culture”. To study the causes of culture-related poverty and the strategies for fighting poverty of Hui descendents in Liupanshan area, one needs to, from the perspective of geography historical space,explore the natural and social factors of the formation of cultural patterns, and to study the coordinated development of religious culture, national culture and public culture, mainly focusing on two key issues about building ambition with culture and improving intelligence with education, thus guiding local Hui people to break the limits of historic culture and geographic space.

  4. Epidemiological survey and analysis on infants passive smoking in Han,Hui and Kazakh ethnic group in North of Tianshan Mountains%天山北麓汉回哈族婴幼儿被动吸烟流行现况分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩林俐; 吴星燕; 陈江芸; 陶化青; 蒋佩; 杜爽; 李新辉

    2016-01-01

    Objective To investigate the current status of infants passive smoking in Han,Hui and Kazakh ethnic groups in North of Tianshan Mountains.Methods From November 2014 to August 2015,a method of stratified random cluster sample was used to investigate 568 infants’parents by a face-to-face questionnaire at Urumqi City,Shihezi City and Shawan County in north of Tianshan Mountains.Results The passive smoking rate of infants was 40.5% in totally,and 28.7% at home and 17.8% in public respectively.The passive smoking rate of Han ethnic group infants was 47.2%, 32.3% in Hui ethnic group and 29.6% in Kazakh ethnic group,respectively.Different ethnic groups showed significant differences (P <0.001).The passive smoking rate among infants aged under 1 year old was 34.9%,the percentage in in-fants aged 1 to 2 year old was 44.0%,and the percentage in infants aged 2 to 3 year old infants was 46.3%,respective-ly.The passive smoking rates increased with age,and the passive smoking rate in each age stage of Han ethnic group was higher than Hui and Kazakh ethnic groups,which showed significant differences (P <0.05).Conclusion Passive smok-ing was very common in infants,it is a huge challenge to control passive smoking,corresponding measures should be taken to create smoke-free environment for infants growing at home and in public places.%目的:调查天山北麓汉、回、哈萨克族婴幼儿被动吸烟的流行现况。方法2014年11月—2015年8月,采用分层随机整群抽样的方法,选取天山北麓乌鲁木齐市、石河子市和沙湾县568名婴幼儿的家长进行问卷调查。结果婴幼儿被动吸烟率为40.5%,其中在家中为28.7%,在公共场所为17.8%。汉族婴幼儿被动吸烟率为47.2%,回族为32.3%,哈萨克族为29.6%,差异有统计学意义(P <0.001)。婴儿被动吸烟率为34.9%,1~2岁幼儿为44.0%,2~3岁幼儿为46.3%,婴幼儿随年龄增长被动吸烟率随之增加,且各年龄

  5. Analysis of the mutations of phenylalanine hydroxylase gene in Hui ethnic group of Ningxia%宁夏地区回族苯丙酮尿症患儿苯丙氨酸羟化酶基因突变分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毛新梅; 何江; 刘媛; 马晓燕; 余伍忠

    2012-01-01

    Objective To understand the slruclure and characteristics of the mulalions of phenylalanine hydroxylase ( PAH) gene in Hui elhiec group of Ningxia. Methods All of the exons and promolers of PAH gene of 18 phenylkelonuria(PKU) cases in children of Hui were delermined by using the melhod of PCR direet sequencing. Results 24 mulalions were delecled in 36 PAH alleles. The deleclion rale of mulalions was 66. 67% (24/36). There were 14 kinds of mulalions,including 7 of missense mulalions,4 of nonsense mulalions,2 of deletion mulanls and 1 of splice site mulalions. The more common type of mulalions were R243Q, R241C, S16fsX10, R111X and L430P,and the olhers scallered in the event. Looked up foreign lileralures,professional websiles and databases,S16fsX10, Y414X and S3O3fsX38 are new kinds of PAH gene mulalions which have nol been reporled in ihe world,L430P and D222G have nol been reporled in our counlry. Conclusions According to the research, the mulalions of PAH gene in Hui group of Ningxia show their diversity,complexity and specificity,and had significant elhnic characteristics.%目的 了解宁夏地区回族苯丙酮尿症患儿苯丙氨酸羟化酶(PAH)基因的突变构成及特点.方法 采用PCR产物直接测序的方法,测定18例回族苯丙酮尿症患儿PAH基因全部外显子及其启动子区域序列.结果 在36个PAH等位基因中共检出24个突变等位基因,突变检出率为66.67%(24/36),包括14种突变类型,其中错义突变7种、无义突变4种、缺失突变2种、剪切位点突变1种.较为常见的突变类型有R243Q、R241C、S16fsX10、R111X、L430P,其余突变类型均为散在发生.查阅国外文献、专业网站及数据库发现S16fsX10、Y414X、S303fsX38是世界未见报道的新的PAH基因突变类型,L430P和D222G突变是国内未见报道的新突变.结论 研究结果显示宁夏地区回族苯丙酮尿症患儿PAH基因突变表现出多样性、复杂性和特殊性,具有显著的民族特色.

  6. Changes of Limb Bone Mass,Bone Density and Limb Length and Breadth With Age in Adult Hui People in Henan Province and Correlation Between Them%河南回族成人四肢骨量和骨密度与肢体长宽度的年龄变化及相关性调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐国昌; 张庆远; 徐飞; 王海鑫; 刘荣志; 刘永; 杨雷

    2016-01-01

    均有统计学意义(P <0.05)。河南回族成人男性四肢骨量与年龄呈中度负相关( P <0.05),与身高、体质量、BMI、骨密度 T 值、骨密度 Z 值、全腿长、股骨内外上髁间径呈中度正相关(P <0.05);河南回族成人女性四肢骨量与年龄呈中度负相关(P <0.05),与体质量、BMI、骨密度 T 值、骨密度 Z 值、肱骨内外上髁间径呈中度正相关(P <0.05)。线性回归方程为:男性四肢骨量=1.269+0.024全臂长+0.018×肱骨内外上髁间径,男性四肢骨量=1.462+0.015全腿长+0.013×股骨内外上髁间径;女性四肢骨量=1.032+0.022全臂长+0.019×肱骨内外上髁间径,女性四肢骨量=1.240+0.012全腿长+0.019×股骨内外上髁间径。结论河南回族成人不同性别、不同年龄段四肢骨量、骨密度、肢体长宽度存在差异。四肢骨量与年龄、身高、体质量、BMI、骨密度、全臂长、全腿长、肱骨内外髁间径、股骨内外髁间径相关。%Objective To investigate the changes of limb bone mass,bone density and limb length and breadth with age in adult Hui people in Henan province and the correlation between them. Methods From September 2013 to September 2014,we enrolled 1 144 adult Hui people by cluster sampling method from 4 Hui gathering areas( Yuandian Hui Village of Fangcheng County in Nanyang City,Chanhe Hui District in Luoyang City,Shunhe Hui District in Kaifeng City,Chengguan Hui Town of Huaiyang County in Zhoukou City). Among the subjects,300 were aged 20 - 0. 05),yet the height,body mass,limb bone mass,T value of bone density,Z value of bone density,full arm length full leg length, diameter between internal and external epicondyles of humerus and diameter between internal and external epicondyles of femur of female subjects were less than those of male subjects(P 0. 05),while there were significant differences in height,body mass,BMI,T value of bone density,Z value of bone density,full leg

  7. IDENTIFIKASI SUMBER PENCEMAR DAN ANALISIS KUALITAS AIR TUKAD YEH SUNGI DI KABUPATEN TABANAN DENGAN METODE INDEKS PENCEMARAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ni Made Setiari

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Based on the data of Environmental Status of Bali Province Year 2009, Sungi River is the one of ten rivers that have experience quality degradation which contaminated by waste. Pollution parameters that have exc.eeded the quality standard, are: BOD, COD, Total Phosphate, Total Coliform, and Faecal Coliform. It requires to concerned because Sungi River as the point area for drinking water in Tabanan (data of Environmental Board of Bali Province. Purpose of research is to determine the characteristic of pollution source which will be impact to the changing of water quality in physical, chemical, and biological in middle and down stream area, detern1ine the pollution index in up stream, middle. and dow stream area of Sungi River. Water parameters that will observe are: temperature, pH, turbidity, TDS, TSS, DHL, DO, BOD, COD, Total Phosphate, Total Coliform and Faecal Coliform. The measurement result will compare with the best of water quality, based on the Regulation of Bali Governor Number 8 Year 2007, because of it utilization as drinking water. Result of research shown that the activity in Sungi River dominated by agriculture activity, settlement, animal husbandry, and industry that located in dov.n stream area. The waste that result from the above activities caused the degradation of water quality that shown by the increasing of water parameter indicators, such as: BOD, COD, Total Phosphate, and Faecal Coliform Bacteria. In the middle will increasing and down stream area will get degradation. This condition is inversely proportional to the content of DO as impact of contaminants accumulation, such as: organic waste in middle are, because the water movement is more calm with average water flow is 0,14 m/second compared with the up and down stream area with average water flow are 0,15 m/second and 0,35 m/second. Characteristic of pollution source which effect the water quality at Sungi River in area I caused by llie activities of agriculture, animal husbandry, settlement, and industry, for area II caused by the activities of agriculture, animal husbandry, settlement, and villa. The quality staLus of Sungi Rlver in up stream area still result a good quality water but in the middle and down stream area are get lightly pollution. Water quality parameter which exceeded a good water quality in Sw1gi Rive,· is Total Phosphate with average value is 0,44 mg/I in the middle area, 0,40 mg/l in down stream area and Faecal Coliform with average value is 166/100 ml in the middle area and 152/100 ml in the down stream area.

  8. ANALISIS STATUS LINGKUNGAN IRIGASI TUKAD YEH EMPAS DAN SUBAK MUNDUK LENGGUNG DI DUSUN BOLANGAN DESA BABAHAN KECAMATAN PENEBEL KABUPATEN TABANAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I NYOMAN SUMANTRA

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Livestock is one business that was developed in order to meet basic human needs of the flesh. In its development, livestock will produce waste harmful to the environment. The purpose of this study to determine the characteristics and environmental management of farms, the quality and quantity of waste and its impact on the environment and to know the public perception and labor to the impact of livestock on the environment, economy and social life of communities around the farm and ranch labor. Characteristics and environmental management by the entrepreneur obtained by distributing questionnaires livestock determination of the sample by random sampling, samples for the determination of the quality and quantity of livestock waste with purposive sampling. Samples were taken at three points of different sewage farms and compared with the Minister of State for the Environment No. 11 of 2009 and four points on the body of water and then compared with the Bali gubernatorial No.8 of 2007. Samples were analyzed in situ and laboratory. To know the public perception and labor obtained by distributing questionnaires determination of samples with random sampling. Environmental management by the entrepreneur is less cattle. quality of wastewater from hog farms shows the parameters of TSS (1082.57 mg / 1. quantity of wastewater from pig farms outlet (Qo2 0.004 m3/dt, TSS pollutant load on a pig farm (4330.68 mg / dt. Parameter that exceeds the quality standard on water bodies (TSS, BOD5, COD. Public perception and labor to the impact of farm businesses is positive (good.

  9. Status Survey and Analysis on the Information Services of Mobile Libraries in the West Ethnic Regions in China——Taking Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region as an Example%西部民族地区移动图书馆信息服务现状调查及分析——以宁夏回族自治区为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张玉梅

    2015-01-01

    Adopting the form of questionnaire survey and taking Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region as an example, this paper carries out a comparative analysis on the current status of the information services of mobile libraries in the west ethnic regions in China from three aspects of the type of terminal, the type of information service and the influence of information service, and in the light of the limitations to the further development of information service of the mobile libraries in the west ethnic regions in China, puts forward some corresponding countermeasures.%采取问卷调研的形式,以宁夏回族自治区为例,从终端类型、信息服务类型、信息服务的影响3个方面,比较分析了西部民族地区移动图书馆信息服务的现状,并针对西部民族地区移动图书馆信息服务进一步发展的局限性,提出相应的对策.

  10. Research on the gene polymorphism of estrogen receptor of Hui and Salar patients with gastric cancer in Qinghai area%青海地区回族、撒拉族胃癌患者雌激素受体基因多态性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王成; 赵延芳; 王虎; 谢艳超

    2016-01-01

    Objective This article aims to study the distribution situation of ERα _ Pvu Ⅱ and Xba Ⅰ, ERβ_RsaⅠand AluⅠsingle nucleotide polymorphism(SNPs);and the relationship between the SNPs of ERα gene and ERβ gene in the patients with gastric carcinoma among Hui and Salar people in Qinghai area.Methods 80 cases of Hui patients and 80 cases of Salar patients with gastric adenocarcinoma as case group and 80 cases of health group with matched age,gender and nationality were collected from QinghaiUniversityAffiliatedHospital.2~3 mL ve-nous blood in fast state was collected from each patient to extract DNA.PCR_RFLP method was applied to identify PvuⅡ and XbaⅠ of ERα gene,RsaⅠand AluⅠSNPs of ERβ.Statistics method was adopted to analyze the rela-tions between PvuⅡ and XbaⅠof ERα gene,RsaⅠ and AluⅠ SNPs of ERβ gene with the risk of having gastric cancer.Results In terms of in Hui gastric cancer group and control group,significant difference exists in ERα_XbaⅠgene XX,Xx and xx distribution;in terms of Salar gastric cancer group and control group,significant difference exists in ERα_XbaⅠ gene XX,Xx and xx distribution;in terms of gastric cancer group and control group of Hui people and Salar people,no significant difference was found in ERα_PvuⅡ,ERβ_RsaⅠ,and Erβ_AluⅠ gene distribution.Among the research subjects,no significant difference was found between the gene distribution of gastric cancer group and Salar ERα_XbaⅠ,ERα_PvuⅡ,ERβ_RsaⅠ,and Erβ_AluⅠ.Conclusions Correlation exists in the ERα_XbaⅠpolymorphism and the susceptibility of gastric cancer in Qinghai area;the ERα_XbaⅠgene distri-bution may has increased risk of gastric cancer,but no significant difference was found on the gene distribution of people with gastric cancer among different nationalities.The ERα_PvuⅡ,ERβ_AluⅠ,and RsaⅠpolymorphism were not correlated to the susceptibility of gastric cancer in Qinghai area.%目的:通过研究青海

  11. 《外台秘要方》与《太平圣惠方》中伤寒理论文献的比较%Comparative study of theoretical literature on cold pathogenic disease in Wai tai mi yao fang (Arcane Essentials from the Imperial Library) and Tai ping sheng hui fang (Taiping Holy Prescriptions for Universal Relief)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张慧蕊; 梁永宣

    2014-01-01

    In the Wai tai mi yao fang (Arcane Essentials from the Imperial Library) compiled in 752,its portion on cold pathogenic disorders embodies the achievements before the mid Tang Dynasty,whereas that in the Tai ping sheng hui fang (Taipng Holy Prescriptions for Universal Relief),compiled in 992 embodies those before the early Song Dynasty.Comparison on the theory of cold disorders in both books reveal that,during the 2 centuries period from mid Tang to early Song Dynasties,the texts as a carrier for the transmission of such theory in both show no distinct changes,but only with minor revisions and improvements.%唐天宝十年(752)成书的《外台秘要方》中的伤寒部分,汇总了中唐及其以前的伤寒成果,而宋淳化三年(992)成书的《太平圣惠方》中的伤寒内容,则汇集了宋初及以前诸家伤寒之大成.对2书中伤寒理论部分进行比较,可以发现从中唐至宋初200年间,以“文本”为载体的伤寒理论基本没有大的变化,仅有少量的修正和完善.

  12. 多元并存和谐相容--泉州丁氏回族宗教信仰现状调查研究%Multicultural Coexistence and Harmony---A Religious Belief Status Survey about Ding Family of Hui Ethnic Minority in Quanzhou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁玲玲; 林煜堃

    2014-01-01

    Chen Dai is one of the main areas in Fujian Quanzhou where Ding family of Hui ethnic minority has lived, with the population of more than 20000. With the development of society and the changes of the times, the people's religious belief there has changed. A single Islamic religion evolved into multi-religious coexistence, showing local characteristics of the pluralistic coexistence, harmonious religious belief pattern. Based on the field investigation, combined with the literature, the paper discussed the religious evolution there.%陈埭是福建泉州回族的主要聚居区之一,有丁氏回族2万多人。随着时代的变迁与社会的发展,陈埭丁氏回族社区的宗教信仰也发生了变化。由单一的伊斯兰教信仰演变为多种宗教信仰并存,呈现出一个带有地域特色的多元共存、和谐相容的宗教信仰格局。本文拟根据笔者的田野调查,结合文献资料,对泉州陈埭丁氏回族的宗教信仰演化进行探讨。

  13. Language Development and Social Identity Construction of Hui Nationality:An Exploration from the Perspective of Social Semiotics%回族语言变迁与身份建构:基于社会符号学的探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨晓琳

    2015-01-01

    From the perspective of social semiotics, the mutual influence between language symbol system and social system is insepara-ble.In the present research, through a review of the variation of language and writing system used by the Hui Muslims and the corresponding change of social system, the effect on the selection and development of language, and the use of language to construct social reality-mainly the construction of social identity-is analyzed.Development of the language system and the development of the social system is a two-way process and they promote each other.Language develops its function and structure according to the social needs.And meanwhile it also re-flects the social needs.%回族语言变迁的历程表明,社会系统对回族的语言选择及发展具有重要影响,表现在回族的移民分布状况、日常交流需求、政治干预和意识形态等方面。回族语言的选择对于其社会身份具有建构作用,它主要通过语言趋同、语言趋异和语言保持等策略建构其身份。

  14. 回族对伊斯兰文化传承的途径研究--以宁夏同心县的实证调查为例%On Channels of Islamic Culture Inheritance of Hui Nationality---Case Study of Tongxin County of Ningxia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨志平

    2016-01-01

    伊斯兰文化自唐宋元三朝传入中国,使中国文化或主动或被动地出现涵化,呈现多样性。一千多年来,回族在接受中华文化的同时,通过濡化、“哲麻体”、“以儒诠经”、经堂教育、“尔麦里”、新式教育、大众媒介等方式和途径传承了伊斯兰文化,使中国的伊斯兰文化呈现出不同于阿拉伯的伊斯兰文化,显现出二元文化特征。%With the entry of Islamic culture into China in Tang,Song and Yuan dynasties,Chinese cul-ture began to show some active or passive acculturation and diversities.In the past 1000 years,while accepting Chinese culture,Hui nationality carries on Islamic culture through enculturation,Zhemati, Confucian interpretation of Islam,Mosque education,amal,new mode of education,mass media,etc. Through all of these,Chinese Islamic culture becomes quite different from Arabic Islamic culture,and displays cultural duality.

  15. 《九章算术》及其刘徽注中几个算法的循环结构分析%On the Circulation Structures in the Nine Chapters on Mathematical Arts and Its Comments by Liu Hui

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    斯日古冷; 郭世荣

    2012-01-01

    循环结构在计算机程序设计和算法分析中占有重要地位,是中国传统数学机械化思想和算法化特征的具体表现之一.分析了《九章算术》及其刘徽注中设计使用的4个算法的循环结构,它们分别出现在《九章算术》的约分术、开方术及刘徽注之割圆术和阳马术中.%The circulation structure which is one of the most important structures in programming and algorithm analyses of the computer science has been used in traditional Chinese mathematics for long time. In the present paper. four circulation structures appeared in the Nine Chapters on Mathematical Arts and its Comments by Liu Hui in the third century are analyzed. They are designed for the reduction of a fraction, for the extraction of square and cubic roots,and for the demonstrations of cyclotomic method and of the volume of solids. The applications of circulation structures are concrete cases of the mechanization thought and algorithmization characteristic of traditional Chinese mathematics. A deep study of the structure is helpful for comprehensive understanding the history of both traditional Chinese mathematics and computer science.

  16. The Development Research of Small Family Business of Hui Nationality:Taking Nagu town's Yilan Rice Noodle Factory of Yunnan Province as an Example%小型回族家族企业发展研究--以云南纳古镇伊兰米线厂为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘耀辉; 徐磊; 李德庆; 尚朝秋

    2014-01-01

    回族以伊斯兰教为宗教信仰,其具有丰富的经商本领和管理经验。文章基于纳古镇进行的田野调查,首先通过实地调研和查阅文献总结了纳古镇企业发展现状和“伊兰米线厂”的发展现状,并通过参与观察得到米线的制作过程以及商品流通,最后通过迈克尔·波特的“五力模型”分析了米线产业的竞争力,并提出米线产业发展的建议。%The hui nationality regard Islamism as their religious belief, which has a rich doing business capacity and management experience. Based on the field work of nagu town, the paper first studies the development status of company in nagu town by using interview and literature review, second gets the process of making rice noodles and commodity circulation through participation and observation. In the end, it analyses the competitiveness of rice noodles industry by Michael porter's Five-force Model, and the suggestion on development of rice noodles industry are given.

  17. 血管内皮生长因子受体1基因单核苷酸多态性及吸烟与宁夏地区汉族、回族年龄相关性黄斑变性的相关性%Associations of single nucleotide polymorphisms of VEGFRI and smoking with age-related macular degeneration in Hui and Han populations from Ningxia region in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    向伟; 迟昊; 薛中淇; 张雯; 盛迅伦; 庄文娟

    2016-01-01

    Background Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a heritable,progressive degenerative disorder that triggers central visual impairment.Research demonstrated that the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of vascular endothelial growth factor 1 (VEGFR1) gene is associated with AMD in different population.However,the results varied among diversified ethnic origin composition and distinct regions.Objective This study was to investigate the associations between the SNPs of VEGFR1 genetic variants along with smoking exposure and the risk of AMD in Hui and Han ethnics in the Ningxia population in China.Methods A case-control study was conducted.Four hundreds and thirty-two AMD patients including 325 Han ethnic patients and 107 Hui ethnic patients were recruited from March 2011 to June 2015,and 906 ethnicity-and gender-matched age-related cataract patients were contemporaneously recruited as control group,including 698 Han ethnic patients and 208 Hui ethnic patients.Periphery blood sample of 5 ml was collected from the subjects and genomic DNA was prepared.Eight tagging SNPs loci were acquired to cover rs2281827,rs3936415,rs7337610,rs7981680,rs9554320,rs9554322,rs9582036 and rs9943922,and the genotypes of SNPs were detected by using MassARRAYTM time-of-flight mass spectrometry system.Chi-square test and multi-factor Logistic regression analysis were utilized to estimate the discrepancy of allele frequency and genotype distribution in Hui and Han AMD patients.Moreover,the correlation of AMD with smoking and age statue were further analyzed.This study protocol complied with Helsinki Declaration and was approved by Ethic Committee of Ningxia Eye Hospital.Written informed consent was obtained before any relevant medical examination.Results There were significant differences in the age between AMD group and control group in both Han and Hui ethnicity (Han:P =0.000;Hui:P =0.009).The smoking exposure was significantly different between AMD group and control group in Han

  18. An Investigation of and Reflection on the Reality of Education Poverty to Females in the Rural Area --Taking the Rural Hui Females in Ningxia as an Example%农村教育贫困女性化现状的调查与思考——以宁夏农村回族女性为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江晓红

    2011-01-01

    贫困,不能仅仅限定于由自然环境的恶劣和经济生活的窘因所致,还应包括教育落后导致的教育贫困。事实上,教育贫困是与人类的生存命运相始终的。而人类的使命和社会责任,恰恰就在于不断地解决教育矛盾和改善教育环境。本文以宁夏农村回族女性教育贫困研究为主要内容,通过田野调查,到农户家中和田间地头与其进行面对面的拉家常,从中揭示了农村女性教育极其贫困的根源。%Poverty cannot be attributed only to severe environment and poor economic position; it should also be attributed to underdeveloped education which leads to education poverty. In fact, education poverty affects people's life all the time, and it is the mission and responsibility of human beings.to solve the contradiction in ed- ucation and improve the environment for it all the time. According to the field investigation and face-to-face chat at the farmers~houses and in the fields, this paper, with a focus on education poverty to the rural Hui females in Ningxia, discloses the causative factors for education poverty to the above-mentioned group in the rural area.

  19. From the Theory of Intergroup Contact, Pattern of Pluralistic Unity of the Chinese Nation to Symbiosis and Mutual Complement --An Analysis of Text "Lian Li Hui" Festival, Sangzhi, Hunan%从族际接触、多元一体到共生互补——对湖南桑植白族“连理会”文本的解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丽剑

    2012-01-01

    The theory of intergroup contact and pattern of pluralistic unity of the Chinese nation are two important theories in research of relationship between nationalities. Base on the analysis of text "Lian Li Hui" festival spread in Sangzhi, Hunan. The paper points out that there are distinct differences between areas inhabited by many ethnic groups and habited by one ethnic group, there are obvious distinguish on the research of them. Under the pattern of pluralistic unity, symbiosis and mutual complement would be the best ways to solve modem relationship and problems exist in areas inhabited by many ethnic groups by practical attitude.%族际接触理论和多元一体格局下的“文化自觉”理论是研究民族关系的两种重要指导理论。通过对湖南桑植白族“连理会”文本的文化解读,指出散杂居与聚居有明显区别。对散杂居民族关系的研究应与对聚居民族的研究有所不同,应在中华民族多元一体格局下,倡导共生互补的理念,以务实的态度认识和处理当前我国散杂居地区的民族关系和民族问题。

  20. 社区营造视角下古村落保护更新的探讨--以广西草坪回族乡潜经村为例%Update on the Ancient Village Protection from the Perspective of the Community Building--Taking the Guangxi Caoping Xiangqian Village of Hui Nationality as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦琦; 谷海洪

    2013-01-01

    Throughout the past the protection of ancient vil-ages in China, mostly protection development is the force type of“From top to bot om”. In the protection process because the vil agers participation deficiencies brought many negative effe-cts, not mention to the substantive protection of ancient vil age. Taking the Guangxi Caoping Xiangqian vil age of Hui nationa-lity as an example, referring to Taiwan's community building ideas and successful experiences, this paper puts forward a co-nception of organic update on the protection and development of ancient vil ages, waking the vil age identity, realizing the s-ustainable regeneration of the ancient vil age.%纵观我国以往古村落的保护历程,大多为“自上而下”式的强迫式保护开发。在保护过程中因为村民参与度缺失带来许多负面影响,更无从谈起对古村落进行实质性保护。本文以广西桂林市草坪回族乡潜经村为例,借鉴台湾的社区营造思想与成功经验,对古村落的开发保护提出了有机更新的营造构想,唤醒村落认同感,实现古村落的可持续再生。

  1. An investigation of the prevalence of refractive error in 50 years or older adults in rural populations in the Tongxin county of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region%宁夏回族自治区同心县50岁及以上农村人群屈光不正患病率调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘俊秀; 扈晓雯; 庄文娟; 顾青; 潘波; 李慧平; 李佳玙; 白蓉; 李武靓

    2016-01-01

    Objective By investigating the prevalence of refractive errors in older adults in rural populations in Tongxin county,Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region,it was feasible to get more actual data on the prevalence of blindness and low vision before and after refractive correction.Methods A population-based cross-sectional study was carried out.A questionnaire was designed for people aged 50 or older in Tongxin county,Ningxia,to obtain a general medical history,dietary habits,previous ocular history and treatment.Measurements were taken,including visual acuity,intraocular pressure,refraction,slit-lamp microscopy and non-mydriatic digital fundus photography in order to analyze the distribution of people with refractive errors associated with gender,age,education level and different ethnic groups,as well as etiological factors causing prevalence and noncorrectable vision with different refractive conditions.Visual impairment standards that included best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and presenting visual acuity (PVA) were used to analyze the prevalence of blindness and low vision before and after refractive correction.A Chi-square test was used for comparing the rate among groups.Results There were 5 493 people aged 50 or older in the rural population in Tongxin county,among which 5 046 people completed the examination,sponse rate were 91.86%,and 2 116 of them were diagnosed with ametropia,a prevalence rate of 41.93%.Based on PVA and BCVA,the prevalence of blindness was 5.35% and 2.02%,respectively,and the difference was statistically significant (x2=78.78,P<0.01).Similarly,based on PVA and BCVA standards,the prevalence of low vision was 15.28% and 5.77%,respectively,which was statistically significant (x2=244.54,P<0.01).The prevalence of ametropia in different educational levels:under primary school,primary school,middle school,senior high school and above was 45.94%,36.42%,25.38%,and 33.79%,the differences were significant (x2=97.89,P<0.01).The

  2. Characteristics of the distribution of SNPs of the CYP11A1 gene in the Hui and Han ethnic groups in Ningxia%CYP11A1基因单核苷酸多态性在宁夏回、汉族人群中的分布特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    耿芝; 盛优静; 余冰; 于佳; 宋晓霞; 陆宏; 霍正浩

    2016-01-01

    目的 了解宁夏人群中CYP11A1基因rs16968477、rs1843090、rs4077582、rs9806234和rs12438594位点遗传多态的分布情况,并分析该位点在不同种族间的分布差异.方法 研究对象为宁夏医科大学体检健康学生559例,其中回族273例,汉族286例.单核苷酸多态性采用TaqMan Gene Typing技术检测.结果 宁夏回、汉族人群CYP11A1基因多态位点等位基因频率分别为rs16968477(C/T:64.47%/35.53%;68.53%/31.47%);rs1843090(A/G:46.15%/53.85%;43.53%/56.47%);rs4077582(C/T:56.78%/43.22%;55.24%/44.76%);rs9806234(A/G:32.78%/67.22%;38.99%/61.01%);rs12438594(A/G:47.44%/52.56%;42.48%/57.52%).宁夏人群各多态性基因型总体分布与HAPMAP结果比较,rs16968477、rs9806234位点与欧洲人群和非洲人群不同(P=0.017、0.001、0.000、0.000);rs1843090位点与欧洲人群、日本人群和非洲人群不同(P=0.000、0.011、0.000);rs4077582、rs12438594位点与欧洲人群不同(P=0.000、0.000).结论 CYP11A1基因5个单核苷酸多态性在宁夏回、汉族之间差异无统计学意义;5位点的基因型总体分布在种族和地区间差异具有统计学意义.%Objective To investigate the distribution characteristics of five single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) loci (rs16968477,rs1843090,rs4077582,rs9806234 and rs12438594) in CYP11A1 gene in Ningxia population and to analyze the distribution of the SNPs among different ethnic groups.Methods All 559 subjects were students from Ningxia Medical University,including 273 cases of Hui and 286 cases of Han.The genotypes were examined by using Taqman Gene Typing method.Results The allele frequencies of the SNPs in Hui and Han ethnic groups were rs16968477 (C/T:64.47%/35.53%;68.53%/31.47%),rs1843090 (A/G:46.15%/53.85%;43.53%/ 56.47%),rs4077582 (C/T:56.78%/43.22%;55.24%/44.76%),rs9806234 (A/G:32.78%/67.22%;38.99%/61.01%) and rs12438594 (A/G:47.44%/52.56%;42.4%/57.52%).Compared with

  3. R176X mutant homozygote in phenylketonuria firstly detected in Hui nationality in China: One case report%中国回族首次检出苯丙酮尿症R176X突变型纯合子:1例报告

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余伍忠; 仇东辉; 宋昉; 刘丽; 金煜炜; 余良宽; 石小湘

    2007-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Phenylketonuria is caused by gene mutation of phenylalanine hydroxylasel (PAH), which is mainly induced by permutation, short segments and insertion of base.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the gene mutation of phenylalanine hydroxylasel in phenylketonuria in Hui nationality.DESIGN: Open study.SETTING: Urumqi General Hospital of Lanzhou Military Area Command of Chinese PLA; Capital Pediatrics Institute.PARTICIPANTS: A boy of Hui nationality in China and aged 3.1 years was selected in this study. The boy had intellect hysteresis in his one year and received medical treatment in his three years, while he was diagnosed as cerebral paralysis. After repeatedly inefficient treatment, he was hospitalized in our hospital on December 13, 2004. Iron sesquichloride in urine was strongly positive and concentration of serum phenylalanine was 1 680 μmol/L; therefore, he was diagnosed as the typical phenylketonuria.METHODS: 5 mL venous blood was selected from the boy and his parents, respectively, and anticoagulated with EDTA-Na2. DNA in gene group was extracted by using typical phenol/chloroform method. In addition, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) primer sequence of extron 7, 6, 11, 3, 12 and 5 of PAH gene was designed based on references. And then, PCR products were detected with 2% agarose gel electrophoresis. 5 μL PCR products were mixed with the same volume of degenerated buffer solution, degenerated at 97 ℃ for 5 minutes, put in iced bath and performed with 80 g/Lnon-degenerated polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. After that, the products were dealt with sliver staining routinely, and single strand DNA banding patterns were analyzed and recorded. ABI377 automatic sequenator (PE Company) was used to detect PCR sequence and purify PCR product in Shanghai Boya Biotechnology Company.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Iron sesquichloride in urine, concentration of serum phenylalanine and mutant gene types of phenylalanine hydroxylase.RESULTS: Extron 7, 6, 11, 3, 12 and 5 of PAH gene

  4. Interpretation of the Chapter Fu Hui in Liu Xie’ s Wen Xin Diao Long from the Perspective of Journal Editing%从学报编辑视角解读刘勰《文心雕龙·附会》篇

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘小平; 治丹丹

    2014-01-01

    刘勰《文心雕龙·附会》篇是文章谋篇命意,布局结构的专论。该篇对文章结构设计的原则、目的、方法、标准等问题进行了深入的讨论。刘勰认为,“附辞会义,务总纲领”是结构设计应遵循的原则;“驱万涂于同归,贞百虑于一致”是结构设计应达到目的;“群言虽多,无棼丝之乱”,“众理虽繁,无倒置之乖”是结构设计应采用的方法;“首尾周密,表里一体”则是结构设计美的标准。从学报编辑视角解读,这些观点并不过时,其对现代学术论文结构设计及编辑对论文结构的审视都有重要理论借鉴和深远启迪作用。%The chapter Fu Hui ( Relevance and Integration ) in Liu Xie’ s Wen Xin Diao Long ( Carving a Dragon at the Core of Literature ) is mainly on designing the structure and ideas for an essay .Profoundly ,the chapter discusses the matter of essay structure design in the following aspects:principle,purpose,method and standard.In this chap-ter,Liu Xie argues that the principle of essay structure design is to “have words relevant and meanings integrated , make the outline ordered and categories proportioned”;the purpose is to “instruct every thought to the same desti-nation,direct each idea to the central notion”;the method is“Tangled trouble not seen ,in spite of verbal variation;inversion mess not been ,in spite of numerous notion” and,the aesthetic standard is “utter coherence from beginning to end,total consistency of notion and form”.Interpreting from the perspective of journal editing ,those views above , however,are not outmoded.On the contrary,they are both theoretical reference and far-reaching enlightenment for designing the structure of a modern academic paper ,as well as for the editor ’ s surveying a paper ’ s structure .

  5. 黄河流域宁蒙地区二期水权转让模式研究%Research on Pattern of Water Rights Transfer in the Second Stage in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region and Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region of Yellow River Basin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯峰; 荣晓明; 殷会娟; 何宏谋

    2014-01-01

    Aiming at the issue of single pattern,limited water quantity of water rights transfer in the Yellow River basin,the paper proposed four new patterns in the second stage based on the status analysis of the first stage water rights transfer in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region and the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region,and the four patterns were as following,modern agriculture water-saving of water rights transfer,trans-regional water rights transfer,national investment in water conservation projects of water right transfer and pumping irrigation area in the Yellow River basin of water right transfer. Through the feasibility analysis for four water right transfer patterns,the author considers that the two patterns of modern ag-riculture water-saving and trans-regional have higher feasibility,the pattern of national investment in water conservation projects suits to repay the regional water consumption,and the pattern of pumping irrigation area in the Yellow River basin needs further study.%针对黄河流域水权转让模式单一、转让水量有限的问题,在对宁蒙地区一期水权转让现状分析的基础上,提出了二期水权转让4种新的模式:现代农业节水水权转让、跨地市水权转让、国家投资节水项目水权转让和扬黄灌区水权转让。通过对4种水权转让模式的可行性分析,认为现代农业节水水权转让和跨地市水权转让的可行性较高,国家投资节水项目水权转让适宜于偿还区域超用水量,扬黄灌区的水权转让建议进一步讨论后再实施。

  6. 狱侦耳目的证据法问题分析及制度完善--从张辉、张高平冤案视角的反思%Problem Analysis on Evidence Law and System Improvement of Prison Informers-Reflections on Unjust Cases of Zhang Hui and Zhang Gaoping

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    武晓艺

    2016-01-01

    Unjust cases of Zhang Hui and Zhang Gaoping reflect many universally existing problems in the operation of Chinese criminal justice .And the abuse of the system of prison informers is one of the most important causes of such unjust cases .From a legal perspective , the identity of prison informers is of legality and the witness testimony is of credibility , but the abuse of this system leads to the occurrence of unjust cases .Therefore, it is necessary to improve the system of prison informers by confirming the administrative department , strengthening re-ward and punishment mechanism , reinforcing multiple supervision and restriction as well as intensifying court re-view, which will be of great benefit to accelerating the legalization and normalization of investigation procedure , truly restoring case reality , further preventing and eliminating wrongful convictions , as well as promoting judicial fairness and justice .%浙江张辉、张高平冤案反映出我国刑事司法运行中很多普遍性问题。狱侦耳目制度的滥用是酿成此类冤案最重要的原因之一。从法制视角解读狱侦耳目,其身份具有合法性,证人证言具备证据能力,只因制度滥用才导致冤案发生。应当从明确管理部门、强化奖惩机制、加强多方监督制约、严格法庭审查等方面完善狱侦耳目制度。这将对加快侦查程序的法制化、规范化进程、真正还原案件事实、进一步预防和消除冤假错案、促进司法公平正义有所裨益。

  7. Het heilige huis : De gotieke vertelling in de Nederlandse literatuur

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Buikema, Rosemarie; Wesseling, Lies

    2006-01-01

    Terwijl de gothic novel floreerde in de Engelse, Amerikaanse, Duitse en Franse literatuur, lijkt de Nederlandse literatuur zich tot diep in de twintigste eeuw te hebben onthouden van dit omstreden genre. Weliswaar verschenen er de nodige vertalingen, maar producten van eigen bodem lijken nagenoeg no

  8. Vreugde en verdriet in die huis van Jakob

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    p1243322

    b' Die geboorte van Lea se seuns uit haar slavin, Silpa (30:9-16) a' Die geboorte van Lea se .... Nif'al om jouself te bind aan (KBL:475). Lea is oortuig dat haar ..... waar Lea met nadruk vir Jakob gesê het: Ek het jou gehuur (i*yT!r+k ^c = rk)c *).

  9. Terrorisme maritime et piraterie d’aujourd’hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hugues Eudeline

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Hors temps de conflits armés, les actes de violence dans le domaine maritime sont essentiellement de deux sortes : la piraterie, pratiquée à des fins privées, et le terrorisme qui poursuit des objectifs politiques. Répondant à des logiques différentes, ces deux formes de violence constituent, indépendamment, des menaces pour les 50 000 navires marchands qui transportent plus de 90% du commerce mondial. Leur éventuelle collusion, si elle était de grande ampleur, pourrait avoir un effet multiplicateur entraînant des conséquences très importantes sur une économie mondiale fragilisée.L’environnement physique qu’elles partagent est propice aux activités illégales. La mer couvre 71% de la surface du globe et constitue un espace pour l’essentiel libre de toute emprise étatique et impossible à contrôler. Les nombreuses actions des pirates autour de l’Afrique malgré les réactions internationales le montrent à l’envi. En parallèle, la mouvance terrorisme islamiste développe une stratégie d’attaque de l’économie mondiale dont les flux maritimes constituent un des principaux piliers.Les liens des deux activités avec la criminalité les rapprochent également. Le terrorisme les entretient pour des raisons logistiques et financières, alors que la piraterie, avec les différents trafics, en est une composante maritime majeure.Cette proximité et une complémentarité des compétences nécessaires à leur pratique pourraient les rapprocher plus encore. Cette entente contre-nature permettrait d’associer les connaissances nautiques des pirates, marins expérimentés aux capacités de planification des terroristes.Apart from times of high intensity conflict, the two main forms of violence at sea are piracy, and maritime terrorism. If the former is perpetrated at private ends, the latter is politically motivated. Although addressing different ends, both activities are important threats for the 50,000 merchant vessels sailing the oceans and moving 90% of our world’s commerce. A piracy-terrorism nexus, if widely spread, could have lethal consequences for a weakened world economyBoth of them share a physical environment favorable to illegal activities. The oceans covering nearly three-quarters of the planet, freedom of the high seas make them impossible to control. Enduring piracy activities around Africa displays it at will. In parallel, Islamist terrorism implements its strategy targeting the world economy of which sea trade is one of the main pillars. Both activities are also closely linked to criminal activities: Terrorism for logistic purposes, while piracy is one of its main maritime components. Recognizing the close relationship between both activities, along with the complementarities of some specific skills could bring them even closer. Such an unnatural alliance could bring together the seamanship of pirates with the planning expertise of highly motivated terrorists.

  10. 宁夏南部山区6~12岁回汉族学生患龋现况%Dental caries among 6-to 12-year-old Hui and Han students in Ningxia southern mountainous area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊瑞斌; 景俊; 席涛; 王胜朝

    2016-01-01

    目的 了解宁夏南部山区6~12岁回、汉族学生患龋状况,为有效开展龋病防治提供参考.方法 采用分层整群随机抽样方法,抽取宁夏南部山区6个区县12所小学2 907名6~ 12岁小学生进行龋病流行病学调查.结果 6~12岁学生总患龋率为60.7%,龋均为(1.76±2.08),龋齿充填构成比为1.6%;第一恒磨牙患龋率为26.8%,龋均为(0.45±0.86),龋齿充填构成比为2.4%,窝沟封闭率为6.7%;乳牙患龋率为47.0%,龋均为(1.31±1.87),龋齿充填构成比为1.3%.以上各指标不同民族、年龄、地区间差异均有统计学意义(P值均<0.01),城乡、性别之间差异均无统计学意义(P值均>0.05).城市学生第一恒磨牙窝沟封闭率为10.2%,乡镇学校的窝沟封闭率为0.结论 宁夏南部山区6~12岁回、汉族学生患龋率较高,龋齿充填构成比、窝沟封闭率较低,应加强综合干预防龋措施.%Objective To investigate dental caries among 6-to 12-year-old Hui and Han students in Ningxia southern mountainous area.Methods Dental caries was assessed among 2 907 students aged from 6 to 12 years from 12 primary schools of Ningxia southern mountainous area by using the stratified,cluster sampling.Results The prevalence rate of caries was 60.7%,and the DMFT/dmft was(1.76±2.08).The filled rate of the total caries was 2.7%;prevalence rate of the first molars caries was 26.8% and the DMFT was(0.45±0.86).The filled rate of the caries was 2.4% in the first molars,and the rate of pit and fissure was 6.7%;the prevalence rate of deciduous tooth caries was 47% and the dmft was(1.31±1.87),and the filled rate of the caries was 1.3% in deciduous tooth.There were significant difference on caries status between nationality and age and region(P<0.01),but no significant difference between gender(P>0.05).The rate of pit and fissure in the first permanent molar was 10.2% among students in the urban school,while no students with was

  11. Characteristics of Yersinia enterocolitica genes isolated in Ningxia Hui autonomous region from 1997 to 2010%1997-2010年宁夏回族自治区小肠结肠炎耶尔森菌致病性的基因特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝琼; 刘翔; 郭邦成; 闫立群; 谢明英; 金东; 王鑫; 崔志刚; 景怀琦

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解宁夏回族自治区小肠结肠炎耶尔森菌主要毒力基因分布情况和致病性小肠结肠炎耶尔森菌分子分型特征。方法 于1997-2010年在宁夏回族自治区共分离得到283株小肠结肠炎耶尔森菌,用PCR法分析其黏附侵袭位点基因(ail)、耐热肠毒素A基因(ystA)、ystB、黏附素基因(yadA)、毒力活化因子基因(virF);应用限制性内切酶Not Ⅰ酶切致病性小肠结肠炎耶尔森菌染色体DNA进行脉冲场凝胶电泳(PFGE),利用BioNumerics软件进行聚类分析。结果 209株O∶3、O∶9血清型小肠结肠炎耶尔森菌中ail、ystA、yadA、virF毒力基因阳性,ystB为阴性的占97.6%( 204/209);O∶8血清型和未开展血清分型的菌株5种毒力基因全部阴性;11株O∶5血清型有9株5种毒力基因全部阴性。将致病性菌株进行PFGE分型,根据染色体DNA的Not Ⅰ酶切图谱,将29株O∶3血清型分成12个PFGE带型,包含5株以上的优势PFGE带型有2种。180株O∶9血清型菌株分成13个PFGE带型,包含10株以上的优势PFGE带型有4种,各自是从同一地区猪与家鼠、猪与犬、猪与野兔分离。结论 宁夏地区O∶3、O∶9血清型小肠结肠炎耶尔森菌具有致病性,O∶3逐步成为如今的优势血清型;O∶5、O∶8与血清未分型的菌株无致病性。%Objective To investigate the distribution of virulent genes of Yersinia enterocolitica (Y. enterocolitica) in Ningxia Hui autonomous region and the characteristics of the molecular patterns of Y. enterocolitica. Methods 283 strains of Y. enterocolitica were isolated in Ningxia Hui autonomous region between year 1997 and 2010. The genes ail,ystA,ystB,yadA and virF were analyzed by PCR method; the chromosomal DNA of Y. enterocolitica was digested by restriction endonucleases Not Ⅰ and processed by pulsed-field gel electrophoreses (PFGE) ; and then the cluster analysis were conducted by BioNumeric computer

  12. 电针百会、风府穴对脑I/R损伤大鼠海马区CPG15表达影响的实验研究%Effects of Eiectroacupuncture Bai Hui, Feng Fu on CPG15 Expression of Hippocampus in Rats with Cerebral Ischemic Reperfusion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐晓敏; 秦正玉; 何宗宝; 王家琳; 吴生兵; 汪克明

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨电针对局灶性脑缺血再灌注大鼠神经功能的恢复及海马区神经可塑性相关基因15(CPG15)表达影响的情况.方法 60只SD大鼠,雌雄各半,随机分为正常对照组、模型组、电针经穴组、电针非经穴组、西药对照组.采用线栓法制备局灶性脑缺血再灌注模型,电针经穴组电针百会、风府穴,电针非经穴组电针大鼠臀部非经非穴位置,电针以疏波2Hz,强度3 mA~5mA,持续电针30 min,每天1次,连续治疗2周.西药对照组以尼莫地平20 mg/(kg·d)灌胃,每日2次,连续灌胃2周.2周后Longa5分法对大鼠神经功能缺损评分,并取材,运用免疫组化法检测大鼠缺血侧海马区CPG15表达情况.结果 模型组大鼠神经功能缺损评分及缺血侧海马区CPG15表达显著高于正常对照组(P<0.01);电针经穴组与西药治疗组大鼠神经功能评分及海马区CPG15表达差异无统计学意义(P>0.05),而与模型组比较,电针经穴组与西药治疗组神经功能评分及海马区CPG15表达均有统计学意义(P<0.01);电针非经穴组大鼠神经功能缺损评分及缺血侧海马区CPG15表达与模型组比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论 电针可改善脑缺血再灌注大鼠神经功能,并提高海马区CPG15的表达,电针对脑缺血再灌注后脑细胞的神经可塑性有促进作用.%Objective To investigate the effects of electroacupuncture on canidate plasticity- related gene 15CCPG15) expression of hippocampus in rats with cerebral ischemic reperfusion(I/R). Methods Sixty sprague - dawley rats were randomly divided into normal group (group 1) ,cerebral ischemic reperfusion model group (group 2) .electroacupuncture on meridian acupoints group (group 3),electroacupuncture on non - meridian acupoints group (group 4) .and nimodiping group (group 5). Rat models with cerebral ischemia reperfusion were prepared by modified suture. Electroacupuncture was applied on Bai Hui(TV20) and .Feng Fu

  13. 旅游对目的地社区族群认同的影响——以三亚回族为例%The impact of tourism on ethnic identity for destination community: A case study of Hui Nationality

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙九霞; 陈浩

    2012-01-01

    The ethnic issue is an important subject in current academic circles,which was related to several conflicts at home and abroad.The study of ethnic identity is the basis and the difficulty of ethnic studies.As a kind way of inter-ethnic communication,the impact of tourism on ethnic identity should be a great concern,especially on the destination communities,as a result of the booming of tourism.The current study of tourism impact on ethnic identity of destination communities focused more on the destinations which take ethnic culture as its main tourism attractions,where the residents' ethnic identity might be misled by commercial advertising.So this study chooses the Hui minority community in Sanya of Hainan as a case destination,which is not taking ethnic culture as its main attraction. In order to investigate the changes of the residents' ethnic identity before and after tourism development,this article takes cultural anthropology's research strategy and uses observations,interviews and documentation analyze as research methods and finds that the residents'' main occupations related to tourism include tourism commodity selling,tourism transportation business and tourism catering business.This study also finds that tourism development does impact local residents' ethnic identity.Some conclusions can be drawn as follows.Firstly,religious awareness has been enhanced.Thanks to tourism participation,the Hui people have got much more earnings than before and could afford the expense of hajj and studying overseas in Islamic countries,thus,transit the architectural style of mosque and folk residences from Chinese to Arabian,and enlarge the mosques to meet the needs of educational and cultural functions. Secondly,traditional customs have changed.The status of working women has promoted due to the women's participation in tourism business,and the marriage taboos got loosened.Along with the necessity of tourism development,the cigarette and alcohol taboos has

  14. 15个谷子品种在宁夏4个区域的适应性鉴定与筛选%Assessment and Screening of 1 5 Millet Varieties for Adaptability in Four Areas of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓娟; 程炳文; 杨军学; 罗世武; 王晓军; 王勇; 张尚沛

    2016-01-01

    Aiming at resolving the problems existing in millet production in Ningxia Hui Autonomous region (Ningxia),China,which include varietal admixture and the indiscriminate adoption of millet varieties,we performed a field trial to evaluate 15 high-quality millet varieties for their field performance in four different ecological areas in Ningxia.A randomized block design was used in the trial. A number of growth and yield parameters were measured and analyzed for these varieties,consisting of growth period,plant height, panicle traits,and yield.By comparing the parameters of the 15 varieties planted in the four ecological areas,we identified five millet varieties that outperformed the others in each area,which varied with the specific ecological area involved.Specifically,the five varie-ties suitable for planting in Touying area are Longgu 11,Datong 29,Jingu 13,Jingu 25,and Jingu 40.The five for Xiji area are Long-gu 11,Longgu 13,Jingu 40,Black Millet,and Gold Millet.The five for Tongxin area are Jingu 29,Jigu 12,Jingu 22,Jingu 40,and Longgu 11.The five for Yanchi area are Jingu 13,Datong 29,Jingu 25,Jingu 29,and Gold Millet.%为解决宁夏谷子生产中存在品种混杂与选种盲目等问题,采用随机区组试验设计,在宁夏不同生态区域引进15个优良谷子品种,通过田间种植鉴定与室内分析化验,对不同品种的生育期、株高、穗部性状和产量等进行比较分析,从中筛选出适宜宁夏不同生态区域种植的优势谷子品种5个,其中头营为陇谷11号、大同29号、晋谷13号、晋谷25号和晋谷40号;西吉为陇谷11号、陇谷13号、晋谷40号、黑谷子和黄金谷;同心为晋谷29号、济谷12号、晋谷22号、晋谷40号和陇谷11号;盐池为晋谷13号、大同29号、晋谷25号、晋谷29号和黄金谷。

  15. Landuse Change and Its Environmental Effect in Ecologically Vulnerable Area——A Case Study in Arid Area of Central Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region%生态脆弱区土地利用格局变化及其环境效应——以宁夏回族自治区中部干旱带为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾科利; 姚玉玲; 郭占军; 叶蔚

    2011-01-01

    基于遥感、GIS技术、景观生态学及层次分析方法,以宁夏回族自治区中部干旱带为研究区,利用1978年MSS以及1987,1996,2007年的TM/ETM遥感影像为数据源,对该区域近30a来土地利用格局变化及环境效应进行了分析。结果表明,30a来该区耕地和建设用地有不同程度的增加,新增耕地主要来自未利用土地和草地,建设用地面积的增加主要来源于耕地和未利用土地;耕地和未利用土地向林地、草地转化是林地和草地面积增加的主要来源。由于受人类活动的干扰,研究区土地利用景观结构发生了较大变化,土地利用格局变化产生了景观破碎化,景观异质性增加,生态环境退化等生态效应。但20世纪90年代中后期以来,在以还林还草、禁牧及水利等综合治理工程为核心的生态环境治理措施调控下,土地利用结构得以调整,植被覆盖增加,区域生态环境质量逐步得以改善。%Using the methods of remote sensing,geographical information system(GIS),landscape ecology and analytic hierarchy process(AHP),this paper analyzed the change of landuse pattern and its ecological and environmental effects in arid area of central Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region from 1978 to 2007 based on the MSS image in 1978 and Landsat TM/ETM images in 1987,1996,2007.The results showed that areas of farmland and construction areas increased in the past 30 years.The newly-increased farmlands mainly came from unused land and grassland,while the newly-increased lands for construction mainly came from farmland and unused lands.At the same time,the forest land and grassland decreased from 1978 to 1987,and increased from since 1987.The sources of increased area were primary farmland and unused land.These changes caused great changes in landscape such as landscape fragmenting and heterogeneity and declining of environmental quality from 1978 to 1987.The index of environmental effect was only 0.118 in 1987

  16. 甘肃省临夏回族自治州碘缺乏病健康教育效果评价%Effect evaluation of health education on iodine deficiency disorders prevention in Linxia Hui autonomous prefecture of Gansu province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹永琴; 王燕玲; 窦瑜贵; 李洪波; 郑菁; 孙玮; 朱小南

    2013-01-01

    良好模式,提高了健康教育的可行性和和可及性,其效果更加持久.%Objective To evaluate the effect of health education on the target population of iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) in Linxia Hui autonomous prefecture.Methods During 2006-2010,IDD health education was carried out in the target population of Linxia Hui autonomous prefecture,and IDD knowledge of 5th grade pupil and 20-50 years old child-bearing women were surveyed by stratified sampling and questionnaire survey methods to evaluate the effect of health education.Results After health education,IDD knowledge passing rate rose from 55.6% (548/986) and 18.0%(118/657) to 90.0%(1103/1225) and 86.2%(687/797) among pupils and women,respectively.The awareness rates of iodine deficiency in causing goiter,mental retardation and birth born silly children,and the key role of iodized salt in controling IDD were increased from 79.2% (781/986),76.5% (754/986),51.7% (510/986) and 82.3% (811/986) to 88.8% (1088/1225),85.6% (1049/1225),68.7% (842/1225) and 90.0% (1103/1225) among pupils,and from 48.6% (319/657),28.3% (186/657),15.4% (101/657) and 39.6% (260/657) to 86.2% (687/797),70.0% (558/797),46.3% (369/797) and 87.3% (696/797) among women,and all the difference were significant,respectively.Belief rate held by students that health education can prevent iodine deficiency disorders was 87.3% (1069/1225),and 52.9% (648/1225) of the students told their parents about IDD.The rate of consciously purchase of qualified iodized salt was 87.1% (694/797) after health education among women of childbearing age,and the consumption rate of iodized salt was 64.6%(515/797).More than 90% of the people in relevant departments knew iodine deficiency disorders related knowledge,in particular,had a clear understanding of intellectual hazards caused by iodine deficiency,and actively supported and participated in health education in the prevention and control of iodine

  17. 身体性经验的政治维度及学科意义*--以民歌《高大人领兵》对“同治回民起义”的表征为例%Body experience as an aesthetic dimension:A study of the representation of the revolt of the Hui people in the period of Emperor Tongzhi in the folk song General Gao Leading an Army

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    强东红

    2016-01-01

    It is necessary to enrich the political dimension of the contemporary Chinese aesthetic theory against the West aca-demic background which has experienced a political turn in the theoretic construction.With more political concentration,the aesthetic theory should pay more attention to the body experience of the ordinary people in their daily life.This paper gives an a-nalysis of the representation of the revolt of the Hui people in the period of Emperor Tongzhi in the folk song General Gao Lead-ing an Army,which reveals that the body experience of the ordinary people is a material basis for constructing an aesthetic theo-ry and a general criterion for aesthetic criticism.%在当代西方理论呈现出一种政治转向的学术背景下,丰富当代中国美学的政治维度就显得非常必要。在加强政治考量时,美学理论应该关注普通民众的日常生活中的身体感受和身体性经验。从西部民歌《高大人领兵》对“同治回民起义”的表征来看,广大民众的有血有肉的身体可以成为美学理论建设的现实物质基础和美学批评的普遍标准与尺度。

  18. 在心理学的荒芜之处探寻心灵--孙惠芬的《生死十日谈》对乡村个体精神空间的呈现%Exploration of the Soul in the Barren Place from the Perspective of Psychology---The spiritual world of each country dweller presented by Sun hui-fen in “Life and Death Decameron”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王莉

    2015-01-01

    认为孙惠芬的小说《生死十日谈》的意义是在心理学的荒芜之处探寻心灵,为每个乡村个体生命寻找存在的理由,真诚地呈现了乡村个体的精神空间。作家用独特的视角和温暖的讲述为乡村个体生命代言,为每个自杀的当事人及其亲属写下各自的故事,呈现了乡村人的尊严、活法和信仰。甚至可以说,是孙惠芬的书写让世人知道他们曾经存在过。这是孙惠芬作为一个作家对生命和尊严的贡献。%It is argued that the significance of Sun hui-fen's novel “life and death Decameron”lies in its exploration of the soul in the barren place. It sincerely reveals the spiritual world of each individual in the countryside and searches the reasons for their existence. From a unique angle and with warmth, the writer writes down the stories of each suicide and their relatives, which have demonstrated the dignity, ways of living and beliefs of the people in the countryside. It can be even argued that her writing has acquainted the world with the fact that those people have existed in the world, which is her contribution to the theme of life and dignity as a writer.

  19. 文化价值观对会计估计职业判断影响的实证研究——以新疆地区维吾尔族、汉族和回族为研究对象%An Empirical Research on Influence of Culture on the Measurement of Accounting Estimates——Taking the Han,Uygur and Hui Nationalities in Xinjiang as Subjects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡本源; 依不拉音·玉买尔

    2012-01-01

    Taking the accountants from the Han,Uygur and Hui nationalities in Xinjiang as subjects,this paper examines the influence of culture values difference among the three nationalities on the measurement of accounting estimates.Our results indicate that,given the same economic facts,judgments among the accountants from the three nationalities vary significantly and culture interacts with decision-making behavior under uncertain circumstances.Our results suggest accountants' application and explanation to financial reporting rules are controlled and influenced by their cultural values.Therefore,the international coordination of accounting standards,can,by no means,be realized by issuing a set of accounting standards consistent with the international practice.%本文以新疆地区维吾尔族、汉族和回族会计人员为研究对象,研究了这三个民族文化价值观的差异对会计人员会计估计计量的影响。研究结果发现:面对相同的经济事项,这三个民族会计人员的会计估计计量结果存在着显著的差异,且会计估计计量结果的差异还受到不确定环境呈现方式的影响。研究结果表明:会计人员解释和运用会计准则的方式受其文化价值观的支配和影响,因此,会计准则的国际协调决不是仅仅通过发布一套与国际惯例一致的会计准则就可以完成的。

  20. The KAP status of Iodine Deficiency Disorders in Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture of Gansu in 2010%2010年甘肃省临夏回族自治州碘缺乏病知行信现状调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹永琴; 王燕玲; 窦瑜贵; 李洪波; 郑菁; 孙玮; 朱小南; 王尹

    2012-01-01

    Objective To survey status on health education of Iodine Deficiency Disorders (IDD) in IDD serious endemic areas in Gansu Province. Methods The stratified sampling and questionnaire survey methods were selected in 8 counties. 1225 primary school students in Grade 5 and 797 childbearing women were enrolled. Results The percentage of the pupil awareness about the role of IDD resulting in goiter, the role of IDD playing in intelligence damage, the role of IDD playing in bom silly children were 88. 8% , 85. 6% , 68. 7% respectively (P < 0.05), and 86. 2% , 70. 0% , 46. 3% among women (P < 0. 05), those rates in women were lower than that in pupils (P < 0. 05). The pupil who knew iodated salt as the key measure to prevent IDD were 90. 0% , and 87. 3% among women. 87. 3% of pupils believed that IDD could be prevented by iodized salt, and 52. 9% of them told this information to parent The women who were buying and eating iodized salt consciously were 60. 2% and 69. 8%. Conclusion Through school health education model, level of integrated knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) in Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture were higher than province lev-eL However KAP were obviously difference among counties, target population and health knowledge. It should be carried out process evaluation and religion based health education model to understand and solve these problems, and strengthen attitude and practice on health education intervention for sustaining development%目的 了解甘肃省碘缺乏病重点地区碘缺乏病健康教育现状.方法 采用随机抽样方法对临夏州8县(市)1225名五年级小学生和797名育龄妇女进行碘缺乏病问卷调查.结果 学生对缺碘造成甲状腺肿、智力低下和生傻孩子知晓率分别为88.8%、85.6%和68.7%,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),碘盐是最好防治方法的知晓率为90.0%,向父母宣传的行为具有率为52.9%,认为碘缺乏病一定能预防的信念具有率为87.3%.育龄妇女

  1. 77 FR 28880 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-16

    ..., Inglewood, CA 90301, Officers: Edison Chen, Manager (Qualifying Individual), Wei-Nung (Janus) Lin, Member... A. Case, Vice President (Qualifying Individual), Thomas C. Case, President, Application Type:...

  2. 汉、藏、回族地区农户的社会资本比较——以甘肃省张掖市、甘南藏族自治州、临夏回族自治州为例%Comparison on the Social Capital of Peasant Household in Han, Zang and Hui Nationality Region: Case of Zhangye, Gannan and Linxia in Gansu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵雪雁; 赵海莉

    2013-01-01

    社会资本作为实现可持续发展的关键资本,已引起学术界与决策层的广泛关注.本研究以甘肃省张掖市、甘南藏族自治州、临夏回族自治州为研究区,从网络、普遍信任、制度信任、规范等维度出发建立了社会资本测量量表,基于入户调查资料,对比分析了汉、藏、回族地区农户的社会资本特征.研究发现:①甘南州农户的社会资本总指数最高、幅夏州次之、张掖市最低,与其他维度相比,张掖市与甘南州农户的普遍信任度欠缺,而临夏州农户的制度信任度欠缺;②临夏州农户的网络水平高于张掖市与甘南州,张掖市农户参与率最高的协会/组织为医疗合作组织,而临夏州与甘南州为宗教协会;③甘南州农户的制度信任度远高于张掖市与临夏州;④甘南州农户的普遍信任度与规范水平均最高,临夏州次之,张掖市最低,且三个地区农户对同质群体的信任度均高于对异质群体的信任度,农户的互助水平均高于奉献水平与和睦程度;⑤农户户主受教育程度、劳动力数量、社会地位、与外界交流强度、生活满意度以及地区民族属性均对农户社会资本的不同维度产生显著影响.最后,指出了民族地区社会资本研究中需进一步关注的问题.%Social capital plays an increasingly important role in regional development. As a key capita) to obtain region sustainable development, it has attracted increasing attention. In this study,the study area includes Zhangye City, Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture and Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture. We set up the social capital measurement scale from net, general trust, institution trust and norm dimension,and then analyze the social capital features in the Han,Tibetan and Hui nationality region by the field survey data. The results show;①The social capital index of peasant household in Gannan is the highest, which is 3. 650. The second place is

  3. POSTERS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    @@Natural Toxins   S01 Susceptibility of Edible Bihalves to Paralytic Shellfish Poisons and Their Donor   Ya-Hui Li* , Deng-Fwu Hwang, Jou-Fang Deng, Taibei, China      S02 Food Safety of Grass Carp Bile Juice   Deng-Fwu Hwang* , Yen-Hung Yeh, Jou-Feng Deng, Taibei, China      S03 Differentiation of Muscular Proteins from Toxic and Non Toxic Puffers   Tai-Yuan Chen* , Deng-Fwu Hwang, Taibei, China      S04 Radiation Resistance of Paralytic Shellfish Poison (PSP) Toxins   Terestia P Acevedo, Philippines

  4. Analysis on the Protection Measures of Special Culture of the Construction of Ethnic Minorities Villages: Illustrate the Protection Plan of Special Ethnic Minorities of Gansu Province Zhangjiachuan Hui Autonomous County Zhangjiachuan Town Chawan Village%少数民族村寨建设中特色文化保护对策——以甘肃省张家川回族自治县张家川镇查湾村少数民族特色村寨保护规划为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈华; 张萍

    2012-01-01

    少数民族特色鲜明、历史文化积淀丰厚的村寨建筑,是少数民族地区传统文化与生活的集中体现.少数民族村寨是保存少数民族地区传统特色的载体.如何保持和发扬少数民族村寨的文化特征,继承其优秀的文化精粹,在不断提高当地民众居住生活的同时,实现少数民族村寨特色保存的持续发展.结合甘肃省张家川回族自治县张家川镇查湾村少数民族特色村寨保护规划设计,简要分析地域性、民族性特色鲜明的民族文化生态村的保护设想.%Construction of ethnic minorities villages with special characteristics and rich history cultural heritage reflects the traditional culture and life of ethnic minority regions. Ethic minority village is the carrier of protecting the traditional features of ethic minority region. It is an important topic that how to keep and develop culture characteristics of minority village, inherit the excellent culture essence, continuously improve the local people living at the same time, and realize minority village preservation characteristics of sustainable development. Combined with the protection plan and design of Gansu province Zhangjiachuan Hui Autonomous County Zhangjiachuan town Chawan Village, the article briefly analyzes the protection plan of ethnic culture ecology villages with region, national characteristics.

  5. Study on Comprehensive Evaluation and Influencing Factors of Information Service in Rural Areas——Based on the Survey of Village-Level Perspective in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region%农村信息服务综合评价及影响因素研究——基于宁夏回族自治区村级视角的调研分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李瑾; 赵春江; 秦向阳; 袁学国; 张正

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] The establishment of rural information service system is a systematic engineering which is influenced by various elements such as national conditions, regional characteristics, rural economic and social development. In order to understand the status quo, the effect and key influencing factors of rural information service, address the key working and then explore a mechanism of sustainable development for rural information service in new rural construction, this paper gives an analysis of the effect evaluation and influencing factors of rural information service patterns in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region. [Method]The paper constructed a comprehensive evaluation index system for rural information service, combined with AHP and Delphi method to determine the index weight, then measured and evaluated it with Liken Scales. And what is more, it selected four factors for a fitting analysis like GDP, farmers' culture quality, informatization input, net income per capita, network home rate, amount of information technology equipment per capita and information technology training person times seven factors of rural information service with the multiple linear regression model. [Result] The general level of information service was good from the sampled villages, farmers were satisfied with the content of information service and policy and legal guarantee. However, the evaluation on information capacities and construction of information resource were general according to these farmers. Rural information service was mainly relative to farmers culture quality, information input, amount of information technology equipment per capita and information technology training person times rather than GDP, net income per capita and network home rate. The more information input, the stronger the ability of farmers to accept the information, the better service effect. The more poverty backward area, the lower farmers' culture quality got, the better effect of information service

  6. The history of ginseng in the management of erectile dysfunction in ancient China (3500-2600 BCE).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nair, Rajesh; Sellaturay, Senthy; Sriprasad, Seshadri

    2012-01-01

    Emperor Shen-Nung was the second of China's mythical emperors (3500-2600 BCE). Widely considered the father of Chinese medicine, he catalogued over 365 species of medicinal plants which he personally tasted. Through his treatise 'Shen Nung Benchau Jing', we relive Emperor Shen-Nung's contribution to urology with reference to his management of erectile dysfunction. Time-related sources in medical and historical literature were reviewed, including the 'Shen Nung Benchau Jing' (The medicine book of Emperor Shen-Nung), archives and manuscripts at the Wellcome History of Medicine Collection, the Royal Society of Medicine, London, The Hong Kong Museum of Medical Sciences, and The Museum of Medical History, Shanghai, China. Chinese traditional herbal medicine began approximately 5000 years ago. Agricultural clan leader, Emperor Shen-Nung, was said to have a 'crystal-like belly' to watch the reactions in his own stomach of the herbs he collected. Ginseng was among of Shen Nung's contributions to herbal medicine. He experienced a warm and sexually pleasurable feeling after chewing the root. He advocated this as a treatment for erectile dysfunction and used it to stimulate sexual appetite. The reputation of ginseng as an aphrodisiac is based on the doctrine of signatures, since the adult root has a phallic shape. Shen-Nung believed that ginseng's resemblance to the human form is proof of its rejuvenative and aphrodisiac properties. It was believed that the closer the similarity to the human figure, the more potent the root. The use of ginseng for erectile dysfunction by Emperor Shen-Nung was unique for its time. It continues to hold parallels as a modern-day herbal aphrodisiac 5000 years on.

  7. Jane Eyre, Past and Present Jane Eyre, d’hier à aujourd’hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Armelle Parey

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available The present collection of articles along with a few additional contributions contains the proceedings of a conference held at the university of Caen Basse-Normandie, France in May 2004. Entitled “Jane Eyre, Past and Present”, its aim was to study the posterity of Charlotte Brontë’s novel and/or character since its publication in 1847. That two-thirds of the texts studied in this volume were published in the last decade of the twentieth century attests to the fact that rewriting has become a m...

  8. Art d’aujourd’hui, patrimoine de demain. Conservation et restauration des œuvres contemporaines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muriel Verbeeck-Boutin

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Paru, et c’est un tour de force, dans le temps même où débutait le colloque du même nom,  l’ouvrage met à disposition le texte des trente-neuf communications présentées à cette occasion. Les trois journées étaient consacrées à des thématiques diverses, illustrées par des orateurs venus de tous les horizons. La richesse des interventions et leur nombre ne nous permettront pas de nous arrêter à leur détail, et nous proposons ici une introduction, ainsi qu’un bref retour sur les échanges et disc...

  9. He Hui Whakatika: Culturally Responsive, Self Determining Interventions for Restoring Harmony

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bateman, Sonja; Berryman, Mere

    2008-01-01

    The time has come for kaupapa Maori ideology and epistemology to move from the margins and claim legitimate space within the discipline of education. Kaupapa Maori ideology provides a dynamic framework within which Maori are better able to make meaning of the world and work for change. Increasingly, kaupapa Maori is being used to inform policies…

  10. Als de kat van huis is ... : zwerfkatten in Nederland: een inventarisatie

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Neijenhuis, F.; Niekerk, van T.G.C.M.

    2015-01-01

    Het doel van dit Wageningen UR Wetenschapswinkel-project is het inventariseren van de omvang van het zwerfkattenprobleem in Nederland, de karakteristieken van de problematiek, de betrokken stakeholders en de mogelijkheden voor aanpak van het zwerfkattenprobleem. Dit onderzoek is in opdracht van

  11. Leidende motieven bij decentralisatie. Discours, doelstelling en daad in het Huis van Thorbecke

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Raijmakers, Laurens Marie

    2014-01-01

    The subject of this thesis is the administrative relation between the levels of authority in the Netherlands. Focus of attention within this study is the distribution of administrative tasks and legislative power between government tiers. And more particular the way it has developed since the

  12. Dr. GUAN Zun-hui's Clinical Experience in Treating Simple Obesity by Acupuncture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XIA Bo; XIAO Yuan-chun

    2003-01-01

    Objective The clinical effects of acupuncture and massaging abdomen with salt the treatment of simple obesity was observed. Methods: Eighty cases were randomized into two groups: treatment group in which 40 cases were treated by acupuncture and massaging abdomen with salt and control group in which another 40 cases were treated by conventional acupuncture. Their effects were observed and compared. Results: The clinical cure rate and marked effective rate in treatment group were significantly higher than in control group (P<0.01). Conclusion: The clinical effects in the treatment group are much better than those in the control group.

  13. Als de kat van huis is ... : zwerfkatten in Nederland: een inventarisatie

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Neijenhuis, F.; Niekerk, van T.G.C.M.

    2015-01-01

    Het doel van dit Wageningen UR Wetenschapswinkel-project is het inventariseren van de omvang van het zwerfkattenprobleem in Nederland, de karakteristieken van de problematiek, de betrokken stakeholders en de mogelijkheden voor aanpak van het zwerfkattenprobleem. Dit onderzoek is in opdracht van Stra

  14. Gas market is today strategical; Le marche du gaz est aujourd'hui strategique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Darricarrere, Y.L. [Total, 92 - Courbevoie (France)

    2006-07-01

    The energy market, and in particular the gas market, is today seething with excitement. In France, in Europe and in the rest of the world, the energy stakes are in the center of preoccupations. This article is an interview of Y.L. Darricarrere, general director of the gas and electricity division of Total group, who explains his opinions about the opening of European and French energy markets, presents the ambitions of Total group on these markets, and comments some recent events of the European energy scene: concentration between gas and electric utilities, the Suez and Gaz de France (GdF) project of merger, the risks linked with the coming in of national companies from producing countries, like Gazprom and Sonatrach, on the European market, the restriction of access of foreign companies to hydrocarbon reserves in Russia and Latin America (come back of the 'energy nationalism'), Total's policy for anticipating the increase of the world energy demand and the depletion of fossil fuel reserves. (J.S.)

  15. Comment peut-on lire Ivan Hadjiiski aujourd’hui ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Svetla Koleva

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Présentation de deux textes d’Ivan Hadjiiski (1907-1944 : « Les racines historiques de nos traditions démocratiques » paru pour la première fois dans la Revue Philosophique/Filossofski pregled, 1937, 9/1 ; et « Traits atypiques du développement de notre société », paru dans Problèmes sociologiques/Sotziologitcheski problemi, 1986, n° 3, et publiés ici avec l’autorisation des tenants des droits d’auteur.How to read Ivan Hadjiiski today? Introduction to two Ivan Hajiisji’s textsPresentation of Ivan Hadjiiski’s two texts:"Historical roots of our democratic traditions", first published in Philosophical Journal/Filossofski pregled, 1937, 9/1, and "Atypical features of our society’s development" first published in Sociological Problems/Sotziologitcheski problemi, 1986, n° 3, which are published here with the kind authorization of copyright owners.¿Como se puede leer hoy Ivan Hadjiiski?Introducción y análisis de dos textos de Ivan Hadjiiski: "Las raíces históricas de nuestras tradiciones democráticas", publicado por primera vez en EstudioFilosófico/Filossofski pregled, 1937, 9/1, y "Aspectos inhabituales del desarrollo de la sociedad actual" publicado por primera vez en Problemas sociológicos/Sotziologitcheski problemi, 1986, n° 3, y aquí publicados con la amable autorización de los teniendos de los derechos de autor.

  16. Astronomie spatiale infrarouge, aujourd’hui et demain = Infrared space astronomy, today and tomorrow

    CERN Document Server

    Lequeux, J; David, F

    2000-01-01

    This book brings together the lectures given at the Les Houches summer school "Infrared space astronomy, today and tomorrow". It gives a wide overview of infrared astronomy, a wavelength domain crucial for studies of the solar system, stars at the beginning and end of their lives, interstellar matter and galaxies at all distances. Recent developments in observational techniques have been tremendous. The first contributions give an introduction to the basic physical processes and methods of detection and data processing. They are followed by a series of lectures dealing with the wide variety of astronomical objects that can be seen in the infrared.

  17. Jean Pierre Poulain, Manger Aujourd’hui, Attitudes, normes et pratiques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virginie Amilien

    2003-09-01

    Full Text Available Le titre en soi révèle une connaissance approfondie de la recherche sur la consommation, puisque cette différence entre attitudes, normes et pratique est le point commun de la recherche occidentale sur les consommateurs. Après une mise en question des données et de leur interprétation complexe, l’auteur souligne que « L’acte alimentaire pour l’individu est beaucoup plus que le support de la fonction biologique de nutrition » (p. 16 « C’est un acte humain total à travers lequel se retrouvent ...

  18. Le probleme des valeurs a l'ecole française aujourd'hui

    Science.gov (United States)

    Legrand, Louis

    1995-01-01

    Since the 1960s the French public school system has virtually abandoned the attempt to teach moral values, leaving students morally disoriented. The author finds this situation profoundly unhealthy and argues that schools have a responsibility to help in developing the ability of pupils to make moral choices and act accordingly. He rejects the rationalist view that science makes traditional morality unnecessary. At the same time, he recognizes the moral value of the scientific respect of truth and objectivity. He argues for a form of moral education which would inculcate respect for different points of view, cultural norms and religious beliefs, and which would not shy away from addressing morally important issues such as drag abuse, violence, sexuality, social justice, poverty, racism and environmental pollution.

  19. Dossier : L’Amérique militante aujourd’hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sophie Vallas

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Les années 1960 et 70 ont vu le développement florissant d’un militantisme « tous azimuts », d’une mobilisation sans précédent des femmes, des Afro-Américains, des étudiants, des minorités sexuelles, qui a réussi à profondément modifier le paysage social, politique et culturel des Etats-Unis. Les mouvements sociaux et l’activisme politique de cette période ont déjà fait l’objet de nombreux travaux et d’abondantes recherches, et c’est pourquoi ce dossier se donne pour objet d’étude « L’Amériqu...

  20. The history of ginseng in the management of erectile dysfunction in ancient China (3500-2600 BCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajesh Nair

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Emperor Shen-Nung was the second of China′s mythical emperors (3500-2600 BCE. Widely considered the father of Chinese medicine, he catalogued over 365 species of medicinal plants which he personally tasted. Through his treatise ′Shen Nung Benchau Jing′, we relive Emperor Shen-Nung′s contribution to urology with reference to his management of erectile dysfunction. Time-related sources in medical and historical literature were reviewed, including the ′Shen Nung Benchau Jing′ (The medicine book of Emperor Shen-Nung, archives and manuscripts at the Wellcome History of Medicine Collection, the Royal Society of Medicine, London, The Hong Kong Museum of Medical Sciences, and The Museum of Medical History, Shanghai, China. Chinese traditional herbal medicine began approximately 5000 years ago. Agricultural clan leader, Emperor Shen-Nung, was said to have a ′crystal-like belly′ to watch the reactions in his own stomach of the herbs he collected. Ginseng was among of Shen Nung′s contributions to herbal medicine. He experienced a warm and sexually pleasurable feeling after chewing the root. He advocated this as a treatment for erectile dysfunction and used it to stimulate sexual appetite. The reputation of ginseng as an aphrodisiac is based on the doctrine of signatures, since the adult root has a phallic shape. Shen-Nung believed that ginseng′s resemblance to the human form is proof of its rejuvenative and aphrodisiac properties. It was believed that the closer the similarity to the human figure, the more potent the root. The use of ginseng for erectile dysfunction by Emperor Shen-Nung was unique for its time. It continues to hold parallels as a modern-day herbal aphrodisiac 5000 years on.

  1. The on-orbit calibration of geometric parameters of the Tian-Hui 1 (TH-1) satellite

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jianrong; Wang, Renxiang; Hu, Xin; Su, Zhongbo

    2017-02-01

    The on-orbit calibration of geometric parameters is a key step in improving the location accuracy of satellite images without using Ground Control Points (GCPs). Most methods of on-orbit calibration are based on the self-calibration using additional parameters. When using additional parameters, different number of additional parameters may lead to different results. The triangulation bundle adjustment is another way to calibrate the geometric parameters of camera, which can describe the changes in each geometric parameter. When triangulation bundle adjustment method is applied to calibrate geometric parameters, a prerequisite is that the strip model can avoid systematic deformation caused by the rate of attitude changes. Concerning the stereo camera, the influence of the intersection angle should be considered during calibration. The Equivalent Frame Photo (EFP) bundle adjustment based on the Line-Matrix CCD (LMCCD) image can solve the systematic distortion of the strip model, and obtain high accuracy location without using GCPs. In this paper, the triangulation bundle adjustment is used to calibrate the geometric parameters of TH-1 satellite cameras based on LMCCD image. During the bundle adjustment, the three-line array cameras are reconstructed by adopting the principle of inverse triangulation. Finally, the geometric accuracy is validated before and after on-orbit calibration using 5 testing fields. After on-orbit calibration, the 3D geometric accuracy is improved to 11.8 m from 170 m. The results show that the location accuracy of TH-1 without using GCPs is significantly improved using the on-orbit calibration of the geometric parameters.

  2. Islamism and Hui Nationality Costume and Culture%伊斯兰教与回族服饰文化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘军

    2005-01-01

    伊斯兰教是回族文化的源头与核心.伊斯兰教对回族服饰文化有着广泛而深刻的影响.其影响的途径和方式有多种.在新的历史条件下,伊斯兰教仍不失为回族传统服饰文化传承发展的保障.

  3. Essai sur le don d'ovocytes : questionnements éthiques dans le monde d’aujourd’hui

    OpenAIRE

    Chevallier, Betty,

    2011-01-01

    Reproductive technology, in particular oocyte or egg donation, upsets the meaning of parenthood and raises questions about the circumstances surrounding those who decide to have a child by means of this technology. A woman using egg donation must come to grips with questions such as the meaning of life, and what it means to be a mother. But it also requires that society become aware of what is morally acceptable. Is it morally acceptable for the egg donor to give her eggs to anotherwoman who ...

  4. 影视人类学与当代回族研究%Visual Anthropology and the Hui Current Studies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨德亮

    2007-01-01

    人类学影片以无可替代的优势和独特的表达方式,成为人类学家观察和研究人类社会的有效载体和工具.影视手法在国内外人类学界成功运用并取得良好绩效的状况下,却没有受到回族学界足够的重视.回顾回族学的发展历程,表现出过于重文献、重史之研究,而田野作业、实证研究和民族志等方面则显得相对薄弱.当下回族研究应尽快自我补课,眼下最紧迫的工作是,与影视人类学结合起来,在抢救非物文化遗产、制作民族志电影以及回族文化解释等方面有所作为.

  5. Le théâtre hindi aujourd'hui : scnénographie des cultures et du langage

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    After a brief presentation of the history of the Hindi theatre and the relation between the plays staged in theater halls and the folk performances, the chapter deals with two playwriters whose dramatic language has introduced, at the national as well as international level, a palpable renewal. One of them is Habib Tanveer, recently disappeared (June 2009), whom one could roughly situate as a legator of the progressive Indian Popular Theatre Association and militant theatre, the other one est...

  6. Europinė semiotika šiandien | Sémiotique européenne d’aujourd’hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kęstutis Nastopka

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Dans le champ sémiotique, deux approches épistémologiques se distinguent : sémiotique européenne et sémiotique américaine. La sémiotique européenne, issue de la théorie du signe linguistique de Ferdinand de Saussure, dans les années 1960 voit se former deux écoles indépendantes : celle de Paris (de Greimas et celle de Tartou-Moscou (de Lotman.La sémiotique dite « standard » de Greimas présente une théorie du discours envisagé comme un tout de signification. En comprenant la signification comme un processus, Greimas décrit les transformations des significations d’après le modèle du discours mythique élaboré par Vladimir Propp. Le monde est traité comme discontinu et composé d’oppositions. Dans les années 1980 l’école greimassienne passe de la sémiotique de faire à celle d’état, de la discontinuité à la continuité, de l’objet au sujet, de l’énoncé à l’énonciation. Dans la sémiotique des passions au centre du programme narratif se trouve une compétence modale du sujet. Ces derniers temps, parmi les héritiers de Greimas, à côté de la sémiotique tensive qui choisit un métalangage savant et des schématisations un peu arides, apparaît une sémiotique esthésique, issue de De l’imperfection de Greimas.Le concept de systèmes modelants secondaires est devenu une sorte d’emblème de l’école de Tartou. Ce terme détermine des structures communicatives différentes, organisées d’après le modèle des signes linguistiques. A la recherche d’un métalangage scientifique, commun aux diverses disciplines humaines, on s’oriente vers la linguistique structurale et la théorie de l’information. Autour de l’année 1980, dans la sémiotique de Lotman la conception du texte commeune manifestation de la langue est changée par celle du texte qui produit sa propre langue. Le texte est considéré non plus comme un systéme autonome, synchronique mais comme un énoncé, inséparable de la mémoire d’énonciation. De la description des systèmes modelants secondaires on se tourne vers la sémiotique de culture. Le bornage des frontières et la discontinuité sont traités comme des éléments essentiels de la sémiosphère, c’est-à-dire, de l’espace où se réalise la sémiosis.Dans l’article, c’est le choix épistémologique qui est considéré comme une pierre d’achoppement d’un accord entre la sémiotique européenne et celle américaine. Les uns comprennent la signification comme une certaine structure mentale (signifié ou comme un ensemble des traits sémantiques (intension, les autres la conçoivent comme un référent non-linguistique ou comme un ensemble des objets du monde extérieur (extension. La brèche entre l’intension et l’extension peut être remplie par l’instance de l’énonciation. Entre la perception et la signification s’intercale le langage comme une visée intentionnelle du monde. En examinant le rapport entre deux sémiotiques on a recours à l’ouvrage d’Umberto Eco Kant et l’ornithorynque et au roman Le secret du professeur Amfortas d’Eero Tarasti.

  7. La Bob Jones University : hier et aujourd’hui Bob Jones University : Past and Present

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mokhtar Ben Barka

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the separatist beliefs and practices at Bob Jones University. Firstly, it shows that despite the recent changes, this institution still represents the old face of fundamentalist higher education. Secondly, this essay focuses on the controversy around Republican candidate George W. Bush’s appearance at Bob Jones University.

  8. De geest in dit huis is liefderijk: het leven en De Werkplaats van Kees Boeke (1884-1966)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hooghiemstra, D.A.

    2013-01-01

    De christen-pacifist Kees Boeke (1884-1966) wordt wel ‘onderwijshervormer’ genoemd maar hij beoogde niet minder dan de stichting van een nieuwe wereld. Toen de poging om die gemeenschap te stichten mislukte, besloot Boeke een school te stichten waar de ‘nieuwe wereld’ van de grond af opgebouwd moest

  9. Penser les Balkans aujourd'hui : l’orientalisme, le balkanisme, et la question de la modernité

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir Milisavljević

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims at investigating the positions of the Balkans in ourcontemporary world in its continuous change – for instance the rapidEuropeanization for the protection of a common inheritance of Balkancountries. Moreover, this historical heritage is sometimes presented as a simple burden that should be overcome: the name Balkan has negative connotations, being associated with violence or primitivism. The criticism of this type of derogatory discourse called « Balkanism » is built on the deconstruction of Orientalism as initiated in the 70’s by Edward Said. In this paper, we will analyze the various types of possible objections to this Balkan approach (the absence of a colonial past, the non-existence of a « Balkan » academic tradition, the Balkan preciseness as opposed to the Oriental vagueness, as well as their not purely « oriental », yet undetermined character. Furthermore I will present the arguments in favour of another way of interpreting the Balkans which consists in the understanding of thenarrower relation between European modernity and history.

  10. Sarah Mombin, Michèle Rossellini (dir.), Usages des vies. Le biographique hier et aujourd’hui (xviie-

    OpenAIRE

    Crépel, Pierre

    2014-01-01

    Histoire et biographie ont partie liée de mille façons. De Plutarque à Paris-Match, en passant par La Vie de Beethoven de Romain Rolland et le monumental Dictionary of Scientific Biography, dirigé par C.C. Gillispie (1970-1980), on voit bien que la biographie ne se limite pas à un seul « genre ». Les hommes politiques en vue, les historiens, les romanciers, les psychanalystes, les académiciens, les journalistes, les érudits locaux, les « savants sur le retour », ont tous leurs façons d’écrire...

  11. Parent Education in Canada: Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow = L'education parentale au Caanda: Hier, aujourd'hui et demain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skrypnek, Berna J.

    2002-01-01

    Reviews the history of parent education in Canada, describes the current scene, and identifies directions for future development of parent education policy and programming. (Contains 40 references.) (JOW)

  12. L’insularité aujourd’hui : entre mythes et réalités

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thierry Nicolas

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available De nombreuses études, dans des domaines variés (économie, statistiques, géographie…, s’attachent en effet à saisir les contraintes que fait peser la géographie sur la réussite économique des îles. Pour la plupart d’entre elles, l’insularité se présente comme une donnée négative qui génère une série de handicaps difficilement surmontables (exiguïté du territoire, faible peuplement, surcoûts, etc.. Cependant les perspectives de développement de ces territoires isolés en permanence par la mer, dotés de possibilités réduites en termes d’espace, de ressources naturelles ou humaines, ou de taille de marché, ne sont pas systématiquement vouées à l’échec.Numerous studies in various fields (economics, statistics, geography, etc., have attempted to define  the constraints posed by geographic reality on the economic success of the islands. For the most part , these studies present insularity as a handicap difficult to overcome  (limited territorial extent, sparse population, higher costs, etc.. Nevertheless the development prospects of these territories permanently isolated by the sea, with reduced opportunities in terms of space, natural resources or human, or market size, are not necessarily doomed to failure

  13. Think the future to act now; Penser l'avenir pour agir aujourd'hui

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-07-01

    The object of the club 'Energy, prospective and discussions', created in september 1998, is to provide the continuity of the engaged works in the commission 'Energy 2010-2020' and to understand the ideas evolution. The technical progress, the institutions, the shock of the societies and the cultures, of the nature, the world-wide, lead every day to forecasting, which are guidelines for the public decisions, more and more risky. This complexity analysis is needed for a long-dated energy policy. Thus the club analysed and compared the long-dated and international scenario; made the transfer of the information on the development concerning the energy and the environment; defined subjects of discussion; begun and managed scientific studies. This progress report presents the proceedings of the first year of the club. (A.L.B.)

  14. Faire ses courses au Vietnam aujourd’hui : quand les supermarchés touchent aux sens1.

    OpenAIRE

    Figuié, Muriel; Bricas, Nicolas

    2014-01-01

    Les changements rapides du système agro-alimentaire vietnamien, avec notamment le développement de la grande distribution, s’accompagnent d’un changement des modes de qualification des aliments. La vue devient un sens dominant pour évaluer la qualité des produits, alors que le toucher, l’odorat, le goût, voire l’ouïe, étaient largement mobilisés autrefois. La distanciation (physique et cognitive) qui s’opère entre les mangeurs et les produits qu’ils achètent est une façon de lire la modernisa...

  15. Dakhlia Jocelyne, Islamicités, Paris, PUF (Coll. Sociologie d’aujourd’hui, 2005, 161 p.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Élisabeth Longuenesse

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available De livre en livre, c’est le même souci de restituer leur historicité aux sociétés musulmanes qui guide Jocelyne Dakhlia. Dans Le Divan des Rois, elle remettait en question la vision réductrice d’une indissociation du politique et du religieux dans l’Islam et montrait au contraire la grande diversité de leur relation dans l’histoire, la multiplicité des formes qu’ont pu prendre débats et conflits entre souverain et sujets. Dans L’empire des passions, sorti peu avant le présent ouvrage, elle re...

  16. A Novel Hand-Held Optical Imager with Real-Time Co-Registration Facilities Towards Diagnostic Mammography

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    spectroscopy,” UCI Undergraduate Res. J. II, pp. 43–49, 1999. [11] B. J. Tromberg, N. Shah, R. Lanning, A. Cerussi, J. Espinoza , T. Pham, L. Svaasand, and J...mammography,” Acad. Ra- diol., vol. 8, pp. 211–218, 2001. [14] N. Shah, A. Cerussi, C. Eker, J. Espinoza , J. Butler, J. Fishkin, R. Hor- nung, and B

  17. Der französische GAV ist unrealistisch

    CERN Multimedia

    1984-01-01

    "Seit über zwei Wochen ist bei Genf ein Arbeitskonflikt im Gang. Die Arbeiter, die für das CERN eine gigantische Forschungsanlage bauen sollen, verlangen eine bessere Entlönung. Doch das federfürende Baukonsortium will nicht darauf eingehen, und die CERN-Verantwortlichen halten sich aus der Sache raus" (1 page).

  18. 75 FR 69160 - Quarterly Publication of Individuals, Who Have Chosen To Expatriate, as Required by Section 6039G

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-10

    ... Kington Kin Bong Hui Kwok-Kit Hui Man Yan Mark Hui Ng Suk Ha Hung Janet Yi Kui Hung San-Hsiung Husain Syed... Dalina Abdul Sarmiento Sonia Satrap Alireza Saumweber Helena Maria Schatz John Barkley Scherer...

  19. Les gestes éco citoyens ou de la citoyenneté d’aujourd’hui à la responsabilité de demain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lise Moutamalle

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available I. Des gestes écocitoyens : pourquoi ?Le concept d’écocitoyenneté est en partie issu de la prise de conscience des impacts des activités humaines sur les écosystèmes et de la volonté de favoriser la participation du citoyen aux choses de la cité, mais surtout aux choses dont il est le seul responsable.L’écocitoyenneté se fonde sur la reconnaissance par l’homme de sa responsabilité vis-à-vis de la destruction de son milieu et sur sa capacité à mettre en œuvre un comportement et des gestes qui ...

  20. Purification and Molecular Weight Determination of HUI DONG Truffles Polysaccharide%会东块菌多糖的纯化及其分子量测定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张世奇

    2010-01-01

    本研究采用DEAE-52纤维素拄及SephadexG-100柱从会东块菌水提物中分离纯化得到两种块菌多糖PST-W、PST-A.经高效液相色谱法(HPLC)鉴定,这两种多糖均为单一组分,且PST-W分子量为128059.9 Da;PST-A分子量为729140.5Da.

  1. L'enseignement de la langue maternelle dans les ecoles francaise aujourd'hui (The Teaching of the Native Language in French Schools Today).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marchand, Frank

    1979-01-01

    Describes the three methods of teaching French in elementary schools in France: the traditional, the Freinet, and the "Plan de renovation pour l'enseignement du francais." A description of a model for the l980s is given. Techniques influenced by sociolinguistics seem most suited to replace traditional methodology. (AMH)

  2. Ancient engineering geology projects in China; A canal system in Ganzu province and trenches along the Great Wall in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallace, R.E.; Bucknam, R.C.; Hanks, T.C.

    1994-01-01

    Two major construction projects of ancient times in China involved what today would be considered engineering geology. We describe an ancient canal system in Gaotai County, Gansu province that was possibly begun in the Han dynasty (206 BC-220 AD). The canal system heads at the Dasha River and extends northwestward for about 55 km to the City of Camels and Xusanwan village. Four parallel canals are present at the local site we examined. The canals were likely built primarily to transport water but may also have served as defensive military barriers. A second project involves trenches and berms along the north side of the Great Wall, clearly part of the Great Wall defensive system. This site is in Ningxia Autonomous Region near the town of Shizuishan. ?? 1994.

  3. Research on the Choreographing of Square Dance in Xinjiang Hui Nationality%新疆回族健身广场舞的创编研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚霞

    2016-01-01

    回族是新疆少数民族人群之一,新疆回族文化源远流长,为了更好的将新疆回族少数民族文化传承,使全民健身活动更好地发展,为新疆健身广场舞的建设提供帮助,本文通过文献资料法、访谈法以及观察法对新疆回族舞蹈中的舞蹈动作进行剖析、整理,将新疆回族舞蹈动作与健身操的基本特征相结合,创编出具有新疆回族风格的新疆回族健身广场舞,新疆回族健身广场舞套路根据难易程度分为初级、中级、高级,以便不同的人群参与和选择,具有一定的健身效果.

  4. Les sources de financement légal et illégal des groupes terroristes d´aujourd´hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gema Sánchez Medero

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Dans cet article on analysera comment sont financés dans le monde actuel les groupesterroristes, comment font-ils pour transférer cet argent et quelles sont les mesures qu’ona adopté pour prévoir et bloquer ces sources de financement légal et illégal. Peut-être,ce point est l’un de moins étudiés par les spécialistes en la matière, mais il s’avère d’importancevitale, puis que les organisations terroristes, comme les autres organisations,ont besoin d’une série de ressources pour être maintenues et pour développer leursactivités; il s’ensuit qu’il est fondamental de connaître comme on finance ces groupespour pouvoir les combattre et leur mettre limite.

  5. University Programs in Home Economics: Past, Present and Future = Les programmes universitaires d'economie familiale: hier, aujourd'hui et demain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berry, Ruth E.

    2000-01-01

    Follows the history of home economics programs in Canada at the postsecondary level from 1902 to the present restructuring that is taking place in many universities. Suggests that the present position of the field is precarious and young scholars must be encouraged to enter it and become successful teachers and researchers. (JOW)

  6. Textual research of 1219 A.D. Guyuan earthquake in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China and discussion on its causative structure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YUAN Dao-yang; LEI Zhong-sheng; ZHANG Jun-ling; LIU Bai-chi; LIANG Ming-jian

    2008-01-01

    On the basis of textual research on the historical earthquake data and the field investigation of 1219 A.D. Guyuan earthquake, we suggest that there is only one strong earthquake occurred in Guyuan area in 1219 A.D., instead of two or three strong earthquakes. We further suggest that the earthquake parameters recorded in the present earthquake catalogs are not defimite and should be modified. The occurrence time of this earthquake should be about Ⅱ am, August 7, 1219 A.D. and the heavily-damaged area of this earthquake, the Ⅷ intensity area, should be located among the regions of Guyuan, Pingliang and Longde county cities. The epicenter area should be near Guyuan city. The magnitude of this earthquake is about 7 and it has intensity about larger than or equal to IX within the epicenter area. The major axis direction of the heavily-damaged area strikes in north-northwest that is approximately consistent with the strike of the Liupan Shan thrust fault zone. The new tectonic activity of the Liupan Shan thrust fault zone resulted in the M7 Guyuan earthquake in 1219 A.D.

  7. Références bibliographiques du dossier « Les grands débats éducatifs aujourd’hui »

    OpenAIRE

    Vervisch-Lestrade, Maryannick

    2013-01-01

    Cette bibliographie thématique présente une sélection de documents récents, français et étrangers, consultables au CIEP. Liée au dossier de la revue, elle est organisée par rapport à la logique de celui-ci. La plupart des références y sont donc classées selon l’ordre alphabétique des grandes régions du monde, les documents présentant un caractère international figurant en tête de la liste. International BANQUE MONDIALE. Priorités et stratégies pour l’éducation : une étude de la Banque mondial...

  8. 流域差别化环境管理研究%Research on Watershed-Differentiated Environmental Management LUO Hong, FENG Hui-juan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗宏; 冯慧娟

    2011-01-01

    按照自然规律和经济规律要求对流域实施差别化环境管理,是提高流域环境管理针对性、有效性,改善环境管理效率和效果的必然选择.通过对流域差别化管理在系统论和行为经济学的理论剖析,以及流域在地理要素、功能和经济发展上的地域分异性特征分析,提出"分域、分区、分序、分期、分类、分级、分责、分权、分策"的"九分"原则.在"九分"原则指导下,从划分流域环境经济功能区、优化流域环境管理手段、创造流域差别化环境管理的实施条件等方面,体现流域差别化环境管理思想并保证其得以顺利实施.%Watershed-differentiated environmental management is an inevitable choice for improving pertinence, validity, efficiency and effects of environmental management according to the rules of nature and economy. Through analyzing system theory, behavior economics theory and the features of differentiated geographic factors, function, and economic development, the "nine divisions" concept of watershed-differentiated environmental management was put forward. The "nine divisions" are basin division, area division, sequence division, stage division, kind division, class division, responsibility division, authority division and policy division.Under the guidance of the "nine divisions", mechanisms including repartitioning environmental economic functional area,optimizing watershed environmental management instruments and creating executable conditions for watershed-differentiated environmental management can embody the thoughts of differentiated watershed environmental management and assure healthily implemented differentiated management.

  9. Het huis en de regels van het denken : Een cultuurhistorisch onderzoek naar het werk van Simon Stevin, Jacob Cats en Pieter de Hoogh

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mare, de H.

    2003-01-01

    Comparative analysis of early modern Dutch arts (architecture, literature, painting). Development of a historical formalist method, based on historical source criticism, history of science and archaeology on the one hand and Russian formalism, French semiology and structuralism on the other hand. I

  10. Les publications officielles du Club alpin austro-allemand (DÖAV et du DAV chilien depuis leurs créations jusqu’à aujourd’hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michel Mestre

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available J’ai déjà eu l’occasion à au moins deux reprises de parler des publications du DÖAV et je ne voudrais pas reprendre tels quels ces éléments d’information, d’autant plus qu’existe une étude de synthèse, celle de Helmut Zebhauser, qui est fort bien documentée : il me paraît donc inutile de refaire ce travail, le résumer suffira ici. En revanche il était bon de donner un aperçu des publications des clubs germanophones depuis la fin de la Seconde Guerre mondiale, objet de la deuxième partie. Enfi...

  11. Revue Imaginaires n°19 « Pop Culture ! Les Cultures populaires aujourd’hui. »

    OpenAIRE

    Labarre, Nicolas

    2017-01-01

    Ce numéro de la revue Imaginaires, à la couverture des plus réussies, ambitionne d’« interroger à nouveau le concept de "culture populaire" » (10). Il propose pour ce faire une sélection raisonnée de travaux présentés dans le cadre du séminaire « Cultures populaires » du laboratoire interdisciplinaire CIRLEP de l’université de Reims, précédée d’une introduction générale co-signée par les deux animateurs du séminaire, Sylvie Mikovski, et Yann Philippe, spécialistes respectivement d’études irla...

  12. Were the tropics significantly cooler during the last glacial maximum?; Des tropiques plus frais qu`aujourd`hui au dernier maximum glaciaire?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stute, M. [Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, New York (United States)

    1998-12-31

    A paleo-temperature record derived from noble gases dissolved in groundwater indicates that lowland equatorial Brazil has been about 5 deg C cooler during the glacial maximum that today. This new evidence contradicts the long-held belief that the tropical regions maintained their warm climate during the last glacial maximum. It appears now that the tropical Americas are characterized by a temperature sensitivity comparable to that in higher latitudes. (author) 14 refs.

  13. Photovoltaics in Algeria, today's experiences and perspectives of tomorrow; Le photovoltaique en Algerie, experiences d'aujourd'hui et perspectives de demain

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sahouane, Mehdi

    2010-09-15

    The communication describes Algeria's experience in the use of photovoltaics, principal renewable energy type used in the country, through the electrification of around 900 homes in 18 villages. This realization represents one of the largest projects accomplished by public powers in this domain with an installed power of 453KWc, which corresponds to 20% of the solar power currently exploited. Actions for the development of renewable energy in terms of realizations and regulations are listed, explaining the energy policy of Algeria which has fixed its contribution to the national energy balance at a level of 5% for 2017. [French] La communication decrit l'experience de l'Algerie dans l'utilisation du photovoltaique, principal type d'energie renouvelable utilisee dans le pays, a travers l'electrification d'environs 900 foyers repartis sur 18 villages. Cette realisation represente l'un des plus grands projets accomplis par les pouvoirs publics dans ce domaine avec une puissance installee de 453 KWc ce qui correspond a 20% de la puissance solaire presentement exploitee. Les actions destinees au developpement des energies renouvelables en matiere de realisations et reglementation sont citees explicitant la politique energetique de l'Algerie qui se fixe un taux de contribution au bilan energetique national de 5% pour 2017.

  14. Artistic Style and Cultural Background of HuiShan Clay Dolly%浅谈惠山泥人的文化背景及艺术特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱岸静

    2007-01-01

    彩塑是中国最古老的民间艺术之一.惠山泥人在彩塑发展中形成了独自鲜明的艺术风格及特征.本文从惠山泥人的起源和发展,惠山泥人的造型和用色等方面对惠山泥人的艺术特征和文化背景进行了初步的探讨.

  15. 韩非的德法观%On Han Fei's "moral" and "law" concept JIN Hao-hui

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    靳浩辉

    2011-01-01

    Han Fei's"moral"and"law"concept is based on"everyone has a selfish heart"of human nature.He criticized the Confucian ethics and thinking of "rule by virtue",transforming the concept of moral by legalist way,which is not to deny the moral.Han Fei hopes to achieve ideal moral realm through the rule of law.Law,method and tendency of the governing policies is based on Han Fei's"moral"and"law"concept.Han Fei's"moral"and"law"concept has a profound influence on the development of history,and inspired China's socialist construction.%韩非的德法观是建立在"人皆挟自为心"的人性论之上的,他对儒家的道德仁义和"德治"思想的批判、对道德概念的法家式改造,并不是为了否定道德自身,而是希望通过法治实现理想的道德境界。韩非德法观发展的结果是以法为主、法术势相结合的统治理念的提出,其"德""法"观对后来历史的发展影响深远,并对当代中国治国方略的抉择多有鉴借。

  16. Hui Muslims’Circumcision Ceremony in Xingjing Town%宁夏兴泾镇回族的割礼仪式解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周晶; 陶瑞

    2016-01-01

    Male circumcision,which is commonly found in human society,is a rite of passage. On the basis of main-taining the traditional Islamic religious tradition,by the influence of historical and social factors,the Muslim circumcision ceremony had local circumstances and ethnic characteristics. Circumcision is a Muslim rite with specific the symbolism of cleanness. Circumcision is not only a beneficial to health of hygiene practices,but also a cultural phenomenon of the flow-ing through the gift. It maintains in everyday life of the relatives and friends to the indivisible relationship.%普遍存在于人类社会中的男性割礼是对男性生殖器包皮进行切割的成人仪式。在维系伊斯兰教宗教传统的基础上,受历史和社会因素的影响,回族穆斯林的割礼仪式有了地方性情节和民族性特征。割礼是穆斯林的一项圣行,具有干净与洁净的象征意义。同时,割礼不仅是一种有益于男性身体健康的卫生习俗,也是人们通过礼物流动而采借的文化现象,它维系着日常生活中亲友之间难以割舍的亲密关系。

  17. Association of CYP1B1 Polymorphisms with Breast Cancer: A Case-Control Study in the Han Population in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, P. R. China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haiyan Jiao

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Studies investigating possible associations between cytochrome P4501B1 (CYP1B1 polymorphisms and breast cancer risk have been inconsistent. We set out to ascertain whether there might be an association between polymorphisms in exon 2 (codon 119, G→T and exon 3 (codon 432, G→C of CYP1B1 and breast cancer in a Chinese Han population in the rural region of Ningxia. Using an allele-specific polymerase chain reaction method and direct DNA sequencing, the presence or absence of the two CYP1B1 polymorphisms was investigated. Genotype and allele frequencies were analyzed in breast cancer cases (n = 152 and healthy age-matched controls (n = 156. The odds ratio (OR of 119G→T or 432G→C in breast cancer cases and controls was 3.3 (95% CI: 1.28 to 8.28 and 2.8 (95% CI: 1.04 to 7.51, respectively. In addition, the OR for people with both polymorphisms (119T and 432C was 4.69 (95% CI: 1.97 to 11.19. Our results suggest that certain polymorphisms in the CYP1B1 gene might increase risk for breast cancer among Han Chinese, perhaps because they influence the efficiency of CYP1B1 bio-transformation of oestrogens or pro-carcinogens into DNA- reactive electrophiles that may act as cancer-initiating agents.

  18. Association of CYP1B1 Polymorphisms with Breast Cancer: A Case-Control Study in the Han Population in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, P. R. China

    OpenAIRE

    Haiyan Jiao; Chunlian Liu; Weidong Guo; Liang Peng; Yintao Chen; Martin, Francis L.

    2010-01-01

    Studies investigating possible associations between cytochrome P4501B1 (CYP1B1) polymorphisms and breast cancer risk have been inconsistent. We set out to ascertain whether there might be an association between polymorphisms in exon 2 (codon 119, G→T) and exon 3 (codon 432, G→C) of CYP1B1 and breast cancer in a Chinese Han population in the rural region of Ningxia. Using an allele-specific polymerase chain reaction method and direct DNA sequencing, the presence or absence of the two CYP1B1 po...

  19. The Function of the Hui Nationality Islamic Laws of the Customs%回族伊斯兰习惯法的功能

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨经德

    2003-01-01

    回族伊斯兰习惯法以回族社会为基础,有其功能发生的根据,但由于回族伊斯兰习惯法处于国家法的规范和约束之下,从文化的角度看,它处于一种非主流文化状态,其功能主要包括两个方面内容.一为规范功能,包括心理调适、行为导向、民族凝聚、秩序稳定、文化传承等功能;一为公共功能,主要表现在政治、经济、宗教、道德、法治等领域.在现实条件下,回族伊斯兰习惯法功能中的反功能和非功能或不发生作用,或影响无足轻重.

  20. The current status of coal liquefaction technologies - Panorama 2008; La liquefaction du charbon: ou en est-on aujourd'hui? - Panorama 2008

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-07-01

    In 2008, a first coal liquefaction unit to produce motor fuel (20,000 BPSD) will come on-stream in Shenhua, China (in the Ercos region of Inner Mongolia). Other, more ambitious projects have been announced in China for between now and 2020. Since oil production is expected to peak in the medium term, this technology may develop regionally in the next 20 years to cover ever-increasing demand for motor fuel.

  1. 近年回族作家中短篇小说创作片谈%Brief Notes on Novella by Hui Nationality Writers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢友祥

    2003-01-01

    近年回族作家的中短篇小说创作是独树一帜的,有着自己的人文追求和审美取向,至少可以用"洁净"来概括它某个方面的特征.它对生命的关怀、对包括本民族在内的中国人未来精神走向的关注、对伊斯兰文化智慧的张扬和守望价值的胆识,意义重大.

  2. Operational Colour Vision in the Modern Aviation Environment (la Vision des couleurs dans l’environnement aeronautique operationnel d’ aujourd hui)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-03-01

    Streptomycin + II yellow Miscellaneous Cannabis indica + Tobacco (amblyopia) II,III + Sildenafil citrate (Viagra) + II,III Blue, blue-green...see Chapter 5). Dietary deficiency and drug abuse may be overlooked, whilst the effects of Parkinsonism in its commonest manifestation, gross, chronic

  3. Het huis en de regels van het denken : Een cultuurhistorisch onderzoek naar het werk van Simon Stevin, Jacob Cats en Pieter de Hoogh

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mare, de H.

    2003-01-01

    Comparative analysis of early modern Dutch arts (architecture, literature, painting). Development of a historical formalist method, based on historical source criticism, history of science and archaeology on the one hand and Russian formalism, French semiology and structuralism on the other hand.

  4. 民国前期新疆回队初探%Research on Sinkiang Hui Squadron in Earlier Stage of the Republic of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    伏阳

    2011-01-01

    回队是在杨增新治新时期建立并倚重的一支以回族、维吾尔族官兵为主的军队,其军事行动对当时新疆内、外政局产生了重大影响,在民国新疆史上具有重要地位.

  5. La science au(x miroir (s du prince. Savoir et pouvoir dans l'espace arabo-musulman d'hier et d'aujourd'hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdel Wedoud Ould Cheikh

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Le sultan et le savant sont deux figures centrales de la « culture sultanienne » entendue comme un champ de normes et de valeurs présentant une certaine unité dans le monde arabo-musulman. Il y a entre ces deux figures une tension fondamentale, le clerc-savant étant seul autorisé à sermonner le détenteur du pouvoir au nom du savoir et de la justice. Dans la réalité actuelle des pays arabo-musulmans — illustrée ici par le cas de la Mauritanie —, la massification d'un enseignement fortement imprégné de tradition en même temps que socialement dévalué contribue sans doute à l'émergence d'une mouvance contestataire islamiste qui s'inscrit, sur un mode collectif, dans la continuité des admonestations du clerc censeur s'opposant aux dérives du sultan.

  6. Ewa Bogalska-Martin (dir.), Être Noir Au Brésil Aujourd'hui. Identités et mémoires en mutation

    OpenAIRE

    Magdy, Mayada

    2015-01-01

    « Quand Ti-maître eut la certitude que le Noir pourrait apprendre, il cessa le jeu. Oui, le Noir apprenait ! », L’Histoire de Ponciá, Conceição Evaristo. En 2003, l’écrivaine brésilienne - Conceição Evaristo - a publié son roman qui porte sur le parcours de vie d’une petite-fille d’esclaves. Traduit en plusieurs langues, ce roman fait partie des œuvres stimulantes dans la littérature afrodescendante au Brésil. Dans le champ académique, plusieurs chercheurs abordent la question raciale, et sur...

  7. The Construction of Islamic Social-Cultural Space in a Mixed Community of Hui and Han---the Case of Nagu,Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xue Ximing; Yang Xihao; Ma Chuang

    2015-01-01

    The cultural space of multi ethnic residential regions is always diverse and complicat-ed,and the conflicts and integration of multi cul-tures is the main driving force in the process of constructing cultural space. The structure of this kind of culture space is not always stable or un-changeable. On one hand,the nature of cultural space is that it will exhibit new changes following with a deepening of the degree of integration among various cultures,which in turn might play an ac-tive role on the self-renewal of the cultural space. On the other hand,the dramatic cultural conflict produced from cultural misunderstandings might split the former cultural space,especially if some of the ethnic religions or belief systems are misun-derstood. In this case,ethnic or religious conflicts will be unavoidable—and,this will further influ-ence the social stability of a multi-ethnic country or region. Hence,the research on the form and the mechanism for constructing the cultural space of a multi-ethnic residential community becomes very important.

  8. Wu Shaoxiong,Music of Hui'an Women and Something Else%吴少雄及其《惠安女人》音乐

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁献芝

    2004-01-01

    在第三届全国舞剧观摩演出好戏连台的激烈竞争中,福建省歌舞剧院创作、演出的大型舞剧《惠安女人》荣获“观摩演出大奖”和“观众喜爱剧目奖”两项综合大奖;与此同时,该剧音乐(吴少雄作曲)荣获“最佳作曲奖”。这是作曲家继舞剧《丝海箫音》(和林荣元合作)1992年在第一届全国舞剧观摩演出(比赛)中获作曲首奖之后再捧桂冠。

  9. The Belief Custom of Hui and Their Consume Behaviour%回族信仰习俗与其消费行为

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴汉宝

    2002-01-01

    回族的宗教信仰和习俗构成回族经济的重要组成部分.伊斯兰经济理论影响着其消费心理与行为,分析回族消费者行为模式特点、消费者群体心理与内部规范,加强回族信仰习俗研究,可以不断加快地方经济发展.

  10. Study of Proverty Problems in the Rural Areas of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (part Ⅰ)%宁夏农村贫困问题研究(上)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王治业; 马国义

    1997-01-01

    本文从微观角度,以农村住户调查资料为研究对象,运用现代计算机手段,以定量分析为主线,辅以定性分析,对宁夏农村贫困问题进行了较为深入地研究.首先采用3种方法科学地界定贫困线,接着用12项指标对贫困程度进行测定和综合评价,然后从6个方面对贫困变动的影响因素进行了分析,指出其相关程度,最后提出9条反贫战略措施.本文分两期发表.

  11. 广义杨辉三角与Fibonacci数列的一个关系%The relation between generalized Yang Hui triangle and Fibonacci sequence of numbers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    晁晶晶

    2011-01-01

    Fibonacci数列是一个比较特殊的数列;杨辉三角隐含着许多特殊性质,由一些性质把杨辉三角进行推广就得到广义杨辉三角.将广义杨辉三角与Fibonacci数列结合可以得出以广义杨辉三角中某一行为系数的连续几个Fibonacci数的和的简洁优美的计算公式.

  12. Het huis en de regels van het denken : Een cultuurhistorisch onderzoek naar het werk van Simon Stevin, Jacob Cats en Pieter de Hoogh

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mare, de H.

    2003-01-01

    Comparative analysis of early modern Dutch arts (architecture, literature, painting). Development of a historical formalist method, based on historical source criticism, history of science and archaeology on the one hand and Russian formalism, French semiology and structuralism on the other hand. I

  13. Améliorer votre efficacité techniques d'aujourd'hui pour en faire plus en moins de temps

    CERN Document Server

    Savoyat, Bruno

    2012-01-01

    Quels que soient votre fonction, votre métier ou votre mission dans l'entreprise, ce livre pragmatique peut vous ouvrir les chemins d'une nouvelle vie. Il a été conçu et écrit pour vous rendre service et pour vous aider à gagner en efficacité. Les meilleures pratiques y ont été retenues pour vous. Certaines sont utilisées avec succès par plus d'un million de personnes à travers le monde. Leur mise en oeuvre est simple pour un impact maximal sur votre productivité, sur la qualité de votre travail et sur la satisfaction que vous retirerez de votre quotidien professionnel. Les principes et les conseils d'efficacité décrits dans ce livre peuvent être appliqués seul comme en équipe, et être généralisés à l'ensemble d'une entreprise. Vous pouvez choisir de les découvrir par une lecture du début à la fin, qui vous permettra une révision systématique de votre manière de travailler et de votre potentiel de gains en efficacité. Mais vous pouvez également opter pour une découverte théma...

  14. The Semiotical Analysis on the Headwears of the Hui Nationality%回族头饰的符号学解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马晓玖

    2016-01-01

    作为一支在中国环境下借助伊斯兰文化基因孕育和成形的民族,回族的民俗处处体现着伊斯兰文化的保守和汉文化的儒雅.作为辨别民族身份最直观和清晰的符号,回族服饰以朴实、素雅的风格在中国少数民族中独树一帜,而其中的精髓——头饰,已是回族服饰展现其美学思想和审美能力的灵魂.本文从符号学角度对回族头饰的渊源、设计和社会功能展开解读,以为中国少数民族美学研究增砖添瓦.

  15. A Software Pipeline for Protein Structure Prediction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-11-01

    Department of Cell Biology and Biochemistry U. S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases Frederick, MD 21702 In-Chul Yeh, Nela ...Suite for Protein Structure Prediction Michael S. Lee U. S. Army Research Laboratory In-Chul Yeh, Nela Zavaljevski, Paul Wilson, and Jaques Reifman

  16. Stereoselectivity and substrate specificity in the kinetic resolution of methyl-substituted 1-oxaspiro[2.5]octanes by Rhodotorula glutinis epoxide hydrolase

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Weijers, C.A.G.M.; Meeuwse, P.; Herpers, R.L.J.M.; Franssen, M.C.R.; Sudhölter, E.J.R.

    2005-01-01

    [GRAPHICS] The kinetic resolution of a range of methyl-substituted 1-oxaspiro[2.5]octanes by yeast epoxide hydrolase (YEH) from Rhodotorula glutinis has been investigated. The structural determinants of substrate specificity and stereoselectivity of YEH toward these substrates appeared to be the con

  17. DMPD: LPS/TLR4 signal transduction pathway. [Dynamic Macrophage Pathway CSML Database

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 18304834 LPS/TLR4 signal transduction pathway. Lu YC, Yeh WC, Ohashi PS. Cytokine. ...2008 May;42(2):145-51. Epub 2008 Mar 4. (.png) (.svg) (.html) (.csml) Show LPS/TLR4 signal transduction path...way. PubmedID 18304834 Title LPS/TLR4 signal transduction pathway. Authors Lu YC, Yeh WC, Ohashi PS. Publica

  18. Towards a Formalism for Program Generation 1992 - Final Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-12-01

    Contributors: Raymond Yeh, Peter Ng, Luqi, Joseph Urban, Ron Norman, W.D. Hurley, John Baker, Patrick Bobbie, WT Tsai, Greg Boone, Nick Bourbakis , etc. In...Ltd. Contributors: Raymond Yeh, Peter Ng, Luqi, Joseph Urban, Ron Norman, W.D. Hurley, John Baker, Patrick Bobbie, WT Tsai, Greg Boone, Nick Bourbakis

  19. A unifying framework for the problem of adjudicating conflicting claims

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hougaard, Jens Leth; Østerdal, Lars Peter Raahave; Moreno-Terero, Juan D.

    2012-01-01

    In a recent paper, Thomson and Yeh [Thomson, W., Yeh, C.-H., 2008. Operators for the adjudication of conflicting claims. Journal of Economic Theory 143, 177–198] introduced the concept of operators on the space of rules for the problem of adjudicating conflicting claims. They focused on three ope...

  20. On the Debate Concerning Hui Female Educational Purpose under the System of Different Gender Discourse-as the Center of the Hui Magazines in the Republican Period%不同性别话语体系下回族女子教育宗旨的论争——以民国回族报刊为中心

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘莉

    2013-01-01

    民国时期回族社会女子教育的整体缺乏与落后的现实使得关于女子教育问题的相关讨论成为回族报刊中一个比较显眼的话题,回族社会对女子教育问题从总体上给予了积极的关照.回族男性与女性知识分子的看法不一,女性的观点更理性、更纯粹、更激进,但回族社会总体上是希望通过女子教育来塑造穆斯林家庭中有知识的“新贤妻良母”.回族女性通过接受新式教育发挥家庭主妇的作用来实现女性的社会价值的观点,仍然是回族社会关于女子教育的主流舆论.

  1. 云南藏区"藏回"族群社会结构研究——以香格里拉县哈巴村"藏回"族群为个案%The Social Structure of the "Tibeto-Hui" Group in Yunnan: A Case Study of the Tibeto-Hui Group in Haba Village of Shangri-La

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张实; 李红春

    2009-01-01

    我们对云南迪庆"藏回"族群的社会结构进行了较深入调查,揭示了"藏回"族群的形成是在藏区回族移民和藏族长期频繁的社会交往中,回族对藏族社会生活及文化的积极适应结果,是回族文化多样性的表现.我们研究"藏回"族群结构多元的文化构成,探讨现今"藏回"族群村落社会控制三元结构并存的新问题,提出云南"藏回"是历史上穆斯林积极适应藏区社会文化的产物,是回族的一个亚族群.

  2. Local Ionospheric Scintillation Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-03-14

    WORK UNIT NUMBER 7.  PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) ASIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY MOO 9 PHAHOLYOTHIN RD KM.42 KLONG NUNG PATHUM 12120...carried out as part of the densification and maintenance of the SCINDA network in South East Asia. 15.  SUBJECT TERMS Ionosphere, AOARD 16...Theoretical Physics (ICTP), International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), Boston College, University of California Los Angeles and AMBER projects

  3. Social support received by multidrug-resistant tuberculosis patients and related factors: a cross-sectional study in Zhejiang Province, People's Republic of China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen B

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Bin Chen,1 Yin Peng,1 Lin Zhou,1 Chengliang Chai,1 Hui-Chi Yeh,2 Songhua Chen,1 Fei Wang,1 Mingwu Zhang,1 Tieniu He,1 Xiaomeng Wang1 1Department of Tuberculosis Control and Prevention, Zhejiang Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Binjiang District, Hangzhou, People’s Republic of China; 2Politics & International Relations, Social Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK Objectives: The objective of this study is to assess the social support received by patients diagnosed with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB in Zhejiang Province, People’s Republic of China and the factors that may have influenced it. Methods: A total of 220 MDR-TB patients participated in the questionnaire-based survey, and the data from 212 valid questionnaires were analyzed. The respondents reported their sociodemographic status, disease features, and attitudes toward the disease. The social support rating scale was used to measure the patients’ social support scores. An Independent Samples t-test, one-way analysis of variance, and a multiple linear regression model were used to analyze the related factors for the social support scores. Result: The average social support score of each MDR-TB patient was 32.56±7.86. Participants who were single, widowed or divorced, retired, and had fewer family members and lower family income were found to have lower social support scores. Participants unwilling to disclose their disease tended to have less social support (31.59<34.23, P=0.010. Participants who perceived great help from health care workers reported higher social support rating scale scores than those who perceived no help (35.36>29.89, P=0.014. Conclusion: MDR-TB patients in Zhejiang Province were shown to have a low level of social support. Patients who were not married, had smaller families, and lower family income received less social support, suggesting that family harmony could be an important source of social support. Patients

  4. What You Need to Know about Drugs (For Kids)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... see into the future. Inhalant (say: in-HAY-lent) — An inhalant, such as glue or gasoline, is ... and is very addictive. Stimulant (say: STIM-yeh-lent) — A stimulant speeds up the body and brain. ...

  5. Hormonal Resistance and Metastasis: ER-coregulator-Src Targeted Therapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-09-01

    1. Dimple Chakravarty, Sujit Nair, Binoj Chandrasekhar Nair, Long Wang , Abhik Bandyopadhyay, Joseph K. Agyin, Frank Lee, Lu- Zhe Sun, I-Tien Yeh...Poster Board Number: 11 Author Block: Dimple Chakravarty, Sujit Nair, Binoj Chandrasekhar Nair, Long Wang , Abhik Bandyopadhyay, Joseph K. Agyin, Frank...Lee, Lu- Zhe Sun, I-Tien Yeh, Rajeshwar Rao Tekmal, Ratna K. Vadlamudi. UT Health Science Ctr., San Antonio, TX, Bristol-Myers Squibb Pharmaceutical

  6. Electroactive Polyurea Bearing Oligoaniline Pendants: Electrochromic and Anticorrosive Properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-26

    1,3- phenylenedioxy)dianiline were purchased from Aldrich. Ferric chloride, ammonium persulfate (APS), potassium carbonate , so- dium chloride...acetone, diethyl ether and ethanol were purchased from commercial sources and used as received without further purification. Optically transparent Indium...2007;52:5191e200. [59] Chang CH, Huang TC, Peng CW, Yeh TC, Lu HI, Hung WI, et al. Carbon 2012;50: 5044e51. [60] Wei Y, Wang J, Jia X, Yeh JM, Spellane

  7. 宁夏不同栖息环境啮齿动物巴尔通体感染状况调查%Investigation of the Bartonella infection in wild rodent populations in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2016-01-01

    目的 调查宁夏地区啮齿动物巴尔通体感染状况,了解当地鼠传巴尔通体物种组成.方法 用夹夜法在宁夏不同地区、不同生境捕获啮齿动物,无菌操作取肝和脾,应用PCR扩增巴尔通体特异性gltA基因鉴定菌株,对阳性标本进一步扩增,ftsZ、rpoB和16S rRNA基因测序并进行序列分析.用Mega 6.06软件进行比对,应用邻接法构建系统发育树.结果 从贺兰山、银川市、中卫市和固原市选择14个采样点,涵盖草原、灌丛、农田和林地4种生境,共采集啮齿动物样品234份,分离培养巴尔通体51株,感染率为21.79% (51/234).共捕获啮齿动物13属20种,有7属9种啮齿动物分离出巴尔通体.阿拉善黄鼠、黑线姬鼠、大林姬鼠、三趾跳鼠、子午沙鼠、长尾仓鼠、长爪沙鼠、洮州绒鼠和五趾跳鼠的感染率分别为45.45% (5/11)、33.33%(15/45)、33.33%(11/33)、25.00% (5/20)、20.83% (5/24)、17.86%(5/28)、14.29% (1/7)、13.64%(3/22)和11.11%(1/9),阿拉善黄鼠感染率最高.系统发育分析提示分离的巴尔通体与格拉汉姆巴尔通体(Bartonella grahamii)、伊丽莎白巴尔通体(B.elizabethae)、非洲跳鼠巴尔通体(B.jaculi)、日本巴尔通体(B.japonica)和泰勒巴尔通体(B.taylorii)相似度较高.结论 宁夏地区啮齿动物中存在巴尔通体自然感染,在多种鼠类、不同生境中均有分布,且感染率较高;序列分析显示巴尔通体基因型呈多样性,且具有致病菌种,人群暴露在相应环境中与鼠群接触存在感染致病的风险.

  8. The investigation of poliomyelitis neutralized antibody level among preschool children in Ningxia hui autonomous region%宁夏2012年学龄前儿童脊髓灰质炎中和抗体水平调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈慧; 刘吉祥; 袁芳; 马江涛; 马学旻; 张颖; 周丽薇; 杨媛媛

    2015-01-01

    Objective To understand the neutralized antibody level of the poliomyelitis among preschool children and evaluate the effectiveness of routine immunization in Ningxia.Methods The poliomyelitis antibody were detected using neutralization test among preschool children of 12 counties in Ningxia.Results The positive rates of neutralized antibody were 98.70 %,98.48%,97.19% and GMT were 1 ∶ 350.28,1 ∶ 241.82,1 ∶ 153.94 for polio Ⅰ,Ⅱ,Ⅲ respectively in 462 serum specimens from 0-6 years children.There were no statistical significance difference of antibody positive rate in those counties.Conclusion The immune level of poliomyelitis among preschool children was hign in Ningxia,and the protective barrier had been built against polio virus.%目的 了解宁夏学龄前儿童脊髓灰质炎(脊灰)抗体水平,评价脊灰糖丸疫苗常规免疫效果.方法 用微量细胞中和试验法对12个县(区)的学龄前儿童进行脊灰中和抗体水平检测.结果 共检测462份0~6岁儿童的血清标本.脊灰Ⅰ、Ⅱ、Ⅲ型中和抗体阳性率分别为98.70%、98.48%和97.19%;抗体几何平均滴度(GMT)分别是1∶350.28、1∶241.82和1∶153.94.城乡、各县(区)间抗体阳性率差异无统计学意义.结论 宁夏学龄前儿童通过常规免疫,对脊灰病毒已形成免疫屏障.

  9. One of Hui Salt Traders Contribution in the Qing Dynasty:Collecting Money for Education%清代徽州盐商的文化贡献之一:捐资兴教

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪崇筼

    2004-01-01

    清代徽州盐商散布于各地,其捐资兴教的事迹也散见于史册.本文虽只选取其在歙县、扬州及汉口的几个捐资兴教的例子,但其贡献已可见一斑.徽州盐商捐资兴教的原因,首先是社会大环境所决定,其次也为徽商的经营特征所决定;众多徽州文人所获的功名,则是捐资兴教的又一硕果.现时代虽然不同,但徽州盐商为教育后代锲而不舍的精神,仍值得继承和发扬.

  10. 31例肱骨外科颈骨折手术治疗分析%Surgical treatment analysis of 31 cases fracture surgical neck humerusDing Hui

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘君权

    2012-01-01

      Objective:objective of curative effect on treatment of senile fracture of surgical neck of humerus locking plate. locking proximal humerus plate in treatment of 31 cases of senile fracture of surgical neck of humerus, the average follow-up in 7 months.Results of Postoperative wound infection-free, nonUnion of fracture and internal fixation loosening occurs.Function of shoulder joint according to neer score standards, features 20 cases, benign and 8 cases, 2 cases, 1 short example, excellent rates for 81.25%.Conclusion locking proximal humerus plate for proximal humerus surgical neck fracture fixation and reliable, with fewer complications, good fracture healing, ease of early functional exercise and so on.%  目的探讨锁定钢板治疗老年肱骨外科颈骨折的疗效.方法采用肱骨近端锁定钢板治疗31例老年肱骨外科颈骨折,平均随访7个月.结果术后无创口感染、骨折不愈合和内固定松动发生.肩关节功能按照 neer 评分标准,功能优20例,良8例,可2例,差1例,优良率为81.25%.结论肱骨近端锁定钢板对老年肱骨外科颈骨折固定可靠,具有并发症少,骨折愈合良好,便于早期功能锻炼等优点.

  11. A particular light on todays and tomorrows urban energies: perceptions and views of the young generation; Un eclairage particulier sur les energies urbaines d`aujourd`hui et de demain: perceptions et regards des jeunes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martin, V.; Strauss, N.; Jaladis, S.; Waroux, D.

    1995-12-31

    In the framework of prospective studies on the town of the future, an inquiry with questionnaire was carried out on a pool of 230 students from 5 schools of the western suburb of Paris (France) in order to have an idea about their representations of todays energies, about their consumption habits, their living attitudes and their transportation practices, and about their apprehension of these domains in the 15-20 forthcoming years. For the present day, they spontaneously make reference to the solar and nuclear energies but they do not make distinction between energy source and final energy. Environment is a major concern threw the pollution aspects and is positioned just behind the society themes (unemployment, AIDS, exclusion). They favour the electric power for the domestic uses. They have a rather pessimistic vision of the future of energy resources. According to their opinion, electric power, bio-fuels and solar energy will be the future energy sources for transportation systems, electricity will dominate the domestic uses and they will be reticent with respect to the domestic development of safety networks for goods and people. The cross-comparison between sexes and occupational branches reveals three groups: modernist, conservative and ecologist. (J.S.)

  12. 湖南回族与其他民族体质人类学比较研究%A Study on Physical Anthropology of Hui Nationality Comparing With Other Nationalities in Hunan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任家武; 蒋穗斌; 王泽军; 肖建忠; 李昌田; 张斌

    2003-01-01

    目的研究湖南回族与本省其他民族的体质特征,为人类学提供资料.方法以湖南省汉寿县毛家滩回族乡为主测区,对回族成年男、女400例进行活体测量与观察.所得结果用马丁分类法、对比分析等方法分析其体质特征.结果湖南回族中等身材,男性以中头型为主,圆头型次之,女性以圆头型为主.眼裂多呈水平,面阔、中鼻,女性多为凹形鼻,男性则以直鼻梁居多.结论湖南回族除具有东亚人一般特征外,还具有本民族独特的体质特点.

  13. The SMPR from yesterday and today for the energy production; Les RPMP d'hier et d'aujourd'hui pour la production d'energie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barre, B. [Cogema, Dir. R and D, 78 - Velizy Villacoublay (France)

    2002-07-01

    The historical aspects of the Small and Medium Power Reactors (SMPR) are presented. The little reactors often be used in domains where the economical aspects were not important. The fight between medium and big profits historically to the biggest reactors. (author)

  14. Study on Traditional Martial Arts' Influence on Junior Students' Physical Self--concept of Hui Nationality%民族传统武术对回族中学生身体自我概念影响的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨玉谨

    2012-01-01

    The thesis is to conduct a comparative study on junior students' physical self--concept be- tween those who have had traditional marital arts courses and those who haven't had in Xining city of Qinghai province by using questionnaire and mathematical statistics. It is attempted to promote the devel- opment of traditional sports. The result shows that there is a clear difference on whether to have tradition- al martial arts courses or not. The junior students who are healthy, fat and flexible have had higher score than those who haven't. For those who have had the courses, they also have evident gender difference on the dimension of their physical self--concept. It proves that it is very important and necessary to have the traditional martial arts courses which are definitely helpful to form active physical self--concept for the junior students.%为了解民族传统武术对回族中学生身体自我概念的影响,促进民族传统体育的发展,本文采用问卷法和数理统计法,就青海省西宁市回族中学开设和未开设民族传统武术课程的学生进行了对比调查研究.结果表明,是否开设民族传统武术课程对回族中学生的身体自我概念的影响存在显著的差异.健康、身体肥胖、整体身体、灵活和自尊方面,开设武术课的学生得分高于未开设的学生.在开设民族传统武术课程的学生中,身体自我概念部分维度存在显著地性别差异.开设民族传统武术课程对回族中学生形成积极的身体自我概念具有重要作用.

  15. The 1990s' Eroticism——Concurrently Discussing the Historical Metaphorical Functions of Wei Hui's Novels%1990年代的色情——兼论卫慧小说的历史隐喻功能

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕永林

    2015-01-01

    1990年代是一个既“丰盛”又“残缺”的时代,在人与人之间普遍产生一种“不对等”的社会关系形态,同时也普遍产生一种服从于这一“不对等关系”的社会观念形态.卫慧小说在很大程度上正是这一社会总体关系及其意识形态的文学化和美学化,它们在作者的政治无意识或有意识之间,暴露出一个时代的“色情”及其实质.

  16. 浅析西安清真大寺之中国回族伊斯兰教建筑特色%The Islam Architecture Character of China Hui Nationality-Analysis of Xi'an Great Mosque

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶石

    2001-01-01

    西安清真大寺,又名化觉巷清真寺或东大寺,是中国回族伊斯兰教建筑的典型代表.本文以伊斯兰教在中国的传播历史、以及中国内地穆斯林民族——"回族"的历史形成为背景,对西安清真大寺从规划布局、建筑技术、园林艺术以及细部装饰等方面进行了简要的分析与论述.

  17. 回汉糅合——天水后街清真寺建筑艺术特色%The Architecture Style Integration of Chinese and Hui Minority: the Architecture Art Characteristics of Tianshui Houjie Mosque

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张萍; 陈华

    2014-01-01

    始建于元朝的天水后街清真寺是甘肃现存年代最古老的清真寺建筑,也是唯一被列为国家文物保护单位的伊斯兰建筑.通过对史料和现存建筑实例的分析,追溯了天水回族及后街清真寺形成发展的历史渊源,从空间布局、单体建筑和建筑装饰艺术几方面总结了天水后街清真寺的基本艺术特征.天水后街清真寺采用中国传统大木架结构体系,糅合回族建筑工艺和装饰手法,创造出适应特殊的地理环境和气候条件具有明显地方特色和艺术风格的建筑艺术.

  18. 清真寺建筑形制的历史演变与回族社会的文化认知%Historical Evolution of Mosque Architectural Forms and Cultural Awareness of Hui Society

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨德亮

    2015-01-01

    建筑是一种重要的符号象征和文化姿态.从唐时的广州怀圣寺,到北宋时的泉州圣友寺,再到辽元时的北京牛街寺,明清时的西安大清真寺,20世纪80年代的银川南关大寺和当下的兰州南关清真大寺,诸种特色鲜明的清真寺,不仅表征着回族伊斯兰建筑历史和建筑形制的演变,也反映着回族社会的文化认知和文化自觉.

  19. The First Chinese Translator of Pushkin's Works——JI YI- hui and Pushkin%普希金"初临中土"的向导——戢翼翚与普希金

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张铁夫

    2001-01-01

    普希金的第一部汉译作品是,译本题作,系据日文转译,译者为戢翼翚.这是一部归化式译作,书名、人名、人称、体裁、字数均与原作有较大的出入.不过,责任主要不在中译者,而在日译者.日译本本身就是一个缩写本,上述问题都是日译本所存在的.戢译虽是一部很不完善的译作,但它开了翻译普希金作品和俄国文学名著的先河,因而具有重要意义.

  20. Le Quaternaire dans l'enseignement secondaire français : sa disparition aujourd'hui à la lumière des enjeux socioculturels de son introduction au 19ÈME siècle

    OpenAIRE

    Quessada, Marie Pierre; Clément, Pierre

    2010-01-01

    The Quaternary is disappearing from French syllabi. The current Earth and Life Sciences curriculum for the French seventh grade (pupils from 13 to 14 years old) includes the example “of the paleogeographic and climatic changes of the Quaternary Era.” Historical Geology will disappear completely from the future seventh grade syllabus. From 1994 to 2001, in the twelfth grade science track class (pupils from 17 to 18 years old), the teaching proposed “to reconstruct the paleo-environments in whi...

  1. Le Quaternaire dans l'enseignement secondaire français : sa disparition aujourd'hui à la lumière des enjeux socioculturels de son introduction au 19ÈME siècle

    OpenAIRE

    Quessada, Marie Pierre; Clément, Pierre, 1809-1870.

    2010-01-01

    The Quaternary is disappearing from French syllabi. The current Earth and Life Sciences curriculum for the French seventh grade (pupils from 13 to 14 years old) includes the example “of the paleogeographic and climatic changes of the Quaternary Era.” Historical Geology will disappear completely from the future seventh grade syllabus. From 1994 to 2001, in the twelfth grade science track class (pupils from 17 to 18 years old), the teaching proposed “to reconstruct the paleo-environments in whi...

  2. 写生与中国画本体语言建构——尚辉访谈%On the Construction of Ontology Language of Sketch and Chinese Painting-An Interview with Shang Hui

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李朝霞

    2011-01-01

    As Chinese paintings of the 20th century have been influenced by western realistic paintings, the issue of sketching or painting from life has aroused great attention. This interview, while dealing with current Chinese paintings and sketches' emphasis on presenting authentic mountains and rivers, also touches upon the dilemma confronting current Chinese paintings--the lack of tradition and the lack of refining and sublimation in traditional brushes and inks. Chinese painting sketches should not only represent the authentic realities, but also turn these authentic experiences into expressions of inner feelings and emotions. The development of Chinese paintings should attend to both reality and traditional techniques. With the rapid development of economy, capital injection into art is also increasing, and capital is exerting a powerful influence on the development of art. The second issue of this interview mainly discusses the relationship between art market and artistic value and the influence of capital on artistic creation.%20世纪的中国画,由于受西方写实绘画的影响,写生的问题受到前所未有的重视。本访谈主要述及目前的中国画写生在强调对真山真水感受的同时,面临着缺少传统、缺少用传统的笔墨去提炼和升华写生的困境。中国画写生发展应在对真山真水的体验过程中,把体验转发为内心情感的表达,而不是现场真实性的再现,“一手伸向传统,一手伸向生活”,写实和传统技法要二者兼顾。由于经济的快速发展,资本对艺术的注入越来越多,资本的力量强劲地左右着艺术的发展,本访谈第二个问题主要阐述艺术市场与艺术价值的关系以及资本对艺术创作的影响。

  3. 宁夏回族自治区干旱致灾危险性时空变化特征%Spatial-temporal Variation of Drought Hazard in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭春萍; 杨建平; 杨圆; 陈虹举

    2015-01-01

    基于宁夏地区22个气象站1971-2011年月降水量和月平均气温资料,综合考虑降水和蒸发,引入标准化降水蒸散指数( SPEI),分析该地区气象干旱变化情况,并在此基础上通过构建SPEI值与干旱等级的加权综合评价模型,评估该地区干旱致灾危险性,剖析其时空变化特征。结果表明:宁夏地区气象干旱呈显著加重趋势,年均SPEI值1972-2011年以0.37・(10a)-1的速率显著减小;该地区气象干旱呈现自南向北逐渐加重的空间分布格局,且干旱加重速度呈现由中部干旱带向南北分别递增的空间变化特征。1972-2011年,宁夏地区干旱致灾危险性呈显著增大趋势,干旱致灾危险性指数近40年减小速率为0.12・(10a)-1;该地区干旱致灾危险性在空间分布上表现为北部引黄灌区高于中南部地区,且危险性的增速呈现中部较缓、南北较快的空间变化特征。%Based on the monthly precipitation and monthly mean air temperature of 22 meteorological stations from 1971 to 2011 in Ningxia, the Standardized Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index ( SPEI) is used to analyze the spatial and temporal evolutions of the meteorological drought, and the drought hazard is evaluated by the weigh-ted comprehensive evaluation model involved SPEI value and drought grade.The results show that the drought dis-played a significant aggravation tendency in Ningxia from 1972 to 2011, with a rate of annual SPEI decrease by 0. 37・ (10a) -1 .In Ningxia, the drought spatially showed an increasing trend from the south to the north, and the drought aggravation speed had a particular spatial pattern, increased northward and southward from the Central arid zone.The drought hazard showed a significant increasing trend during 1972-2011, with a rate of annual drought hazard index decrease by 0.12・ (10a) -1 .The drought hazard in the Yellow river irrigation area was higher than that in the Central arid zone and the Southern mountain region, and the increasing speed of drought hazard also in-creased northward and southward from the Central arid zone.

  4. The first discovery of Indosinian quartz porphyry in Dongkengkou Village, southern An-hui Province%皖南印支期石英斑岩的首次发现及其构造意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘秀; 余心起; 李鹏举; 陈子微

    2016-01-01

    印支时期,中国东南部地区构造运动活跃,岩浆活动较为发育。但是,皖南地区一直未发现该时期侵入岩。近期在安徽省黄山市徽州区东坑口村北约500m处x046县道旁,发现石英斑岩脉体。用LA-ICP-MS技术测得其中锆石的U-Pb年龄为245.2±2.4 Ma,此年龄代表石英斑岩的结晶年龄,即形成于印支期中三叠世,而非前人一直认为的燕山期岩浆活动产物。岩石地球化学特征显示,东坑口石英斑岩富集Th、La、Ce等大离子亲石元素及轻稀土元素,亏损Ba、Sr、P、Ti等高场强元素,具有高的10000×Ga/Al值及Zr、Nb、Ce、Y含量,岩石中可见半自形的石英和斜长石,具有A型花岗岩的特征。皖南印支期A型花岗岩的发现,为区域构造-岩浆演化研究提供了新的科学依据,对理解和构建中国东南部乃至华南地区早中生代构造演化具有重要意义。%It is generally thought that both tectonic events and magmatic activities during the Indosinian period were intense in south⁃eastern China. In contrast, the Indosinian magmatic activities in southern Anhui area were generally not considered to be existent, be⁃cause there was not any previous reported Indosinian intrusive rock in this area. In this paper, the authors obtained LA-ICP-MS zir⁃con U-Pb weighted average age of 245.2±2.4Ma for the quartz porphyry dyke from the side of x046 highway, about 500m north of Dongkengkou Village, Huizhou District, Huangshan City, southern Anhui Province, which implys that the Dongkengkou quartz por⁃phyry (DQP) was formed during Indosinian period rather than in Yanshanian period. The bulk-rock chemical data indicate that the DQP is enriched with LILE, LREE and depleted in high field-strength elements Ba, Sr, P, Ti, and possesses high 10000×Ga/Al ra⁃tios and high Zr, Nb, Ce and Y values. Petrologically, the DQP has hypidiomorphic quartz and plagioclase, exhibiting A-type gran⁃ite characteristics. The confirmation of the Indosinian A-type granite from southern Anhui area provides new scientific evidence for understanding the regional tectono-magmatism history, and finally supplies extra evidence for remodeling the tectonic and geody⁃namic evolution of southeast China.

  5. Analysis of the Causes of the Local Hui Nationality Women Vulvovaginal Candidiasis%探讨本地区回族女性外阴阴道假丝酵母菌病高发的病因

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王银川

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the cause of the region's women vulvovaginal candidiasis high.Methods Selected from January 2012 to January 2014 in our hospital during the obstetrics and gynecology clinic diagnosed vulvovaginal candidiasis Muslim women 100 patients aged 14 to 50 years,mean age 32 years,after detailed history,al aspects were retrospectively analyzed and summarized.Results Candida causes of the high incidence of female genital vagina caused in the region include excessive cleaning,early marriage and pregnancy,and so on a variety of factors.Conclusion Variety of causes have led to Muslim women in the region vulvovaginal candidiasis high.%目的:探讨本地区女性外阴阴道假丝酵母菌病高发的病因。方法选取2012年01月~2014年01月在我院妇产科门诊确诊为外阴阴道假丝酵母菌病的回族女性100例,年龄14~50岁,平均年龄32岁,详细询问病史后,从各方面进行回顾性分析和总结。结果造成本地区女性外阴阴道假丝酵母菌高发的原因包括过度清洁、早婚早孕等等各种因素。结论多种病因均导致本地区回族女性外阴阴道假丝酵母菌病高发。

  6. 清末回族外交官杨枢与1905年留日学生运动%Yang Shu,a Hui diplomat in the late Qing Dynasty and 1905 Movement Launched by Overseas Students in Japan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈红梅

    2008-01-01

    杨枢是清末著名的回族外交官,903-1907年出任清政府驻日公使.在处理1905年留日学生运动中,杨枢站在留学生管理和清政府外交立场上对学潮表现出严肃而强硬的态度.作为开明派官员的杨枢与留学生的对立与冲突,反映了清政府与新式知识分子之间严重缺乏信任及疏离的状态.文章试图从一个侧面考察1905年留日学生运动的面貌.同时指出,近代回族中不乏具有开放心态和世界眼光的人物,杨枢的个案是对此类回族人物研究的尝试.

  7. 86 Cases of Biliary Ascariasis Treated with Jiao-mei Pai-hui Decoction%椒梅排蛔汤治疗胆道蛔虫病86例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林伟; 李唯一; 周村

    2002-01-01

    @@ 笔者从1996年9月~2001年3月,用自拟椒梅排蛔汤治疗胆道蛔虫病86例,在较短时间内取得满意疗效,现报告如下. 1 临床资料 本组86例中,男性29例,女性57例;年龄16~68岁,平均年龄41岁;住院病人67例,门诊19例.本组病人均有典型的胆道蛔虫病的症状和体征,白细胞计数小于10.0×109/L的有59例(占68.6%),介于10.0~15.0×109/L之间的有24例(占27.9%),大于15.0×109/L有3例(占3.5%),嗜酸性细胞分类计数大于3%有36例(占41.9%).B超检查示胆道蛔虫有85例占98.8%.

  8. Génie végétal, génie biologique et génie écologique : concepts d’hier et d’aujourd’hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    REY, Freddy

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Restaurer les cours d’eau, entretenir les espaces naturels ou bien préserver la biodiversité dans les projets d’aménagement sont autant d’activités relevant du génie écologique, une discipline en plein essor appelée à répondre à des enjeux environnementaux incontournables pour les acteurs publics comme pour le secteur privé. Afin de mieux appréhender les concepts et les enjeux de cette filière stratégique de l’économie verte, cet article fait un point sur la sémantique des métiers et des compétences en matière de génie végétal, de génie biologique et de génie écologique.

  9. Exposure to urban air pollution risk: yesterday, today, tomorrow; L'exposition au risque lie a la pollution urbaine de l'air: hier, aujourd'hui, demain

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thibaut, G. [Mairie de Paris, Service de l' Ecologie Urbaine, 75 - Paris (France)

    2005-07-01

    In the air law, the first harmful effect of atmospheric pollution is the impact on human health. Urban areas are characterized by cumulated concentrations of activities (industries, space heating systems, transportation systems), of pollutant emissions (chimneys, exhaust systems), of concentrations in the air and of populations exposed to pollution effects. All these elements make that urban populations have to face an increasing sanitary risk, in particular the most sensible people. This paper aims to present how this risk has been taken into consideration with time by the authorities and the public himself. The feeling (bad smells) was considered in the first approaches while the progresses made in analytical chemistry have permitted to quantify trace amounts of toxic compounds and to estimate the risk. The toxicity of pollutants is better known, in particular when high concentrations are observed (industrial environment). The development of air quality monitoring has permitted to carry on epidemiologic studies defining the sanitary effects of different pollutant mixtures. These effects are today demonstrated and some of the epidemiological results recently obtained are recalled. Tomorrow, progresses will have to be made to answer the essential questions: who breathes what, where and how long. Future studies will have to precise the space-time budget of the citizen when exposed to urban pollution. The indoor pollution, in particular in the residential sector, is an essential point of progress, but tomorrows challenge will be to convince citizens that they have a role to play in pollution abatement (eco-citizenship). (J.S.)

  10. 宁夏风沙土酿酒葡萄基地培肥地力试验研究%Experiment of Fostering Fertility of Wine-grapes Growing in Sand Soil in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周涛; 杨文; 于振环; 白国胜; 王芳

    2000-01-01

    应用大田试验,系统研究了风沙土肥力状况及培肥途径.结果表明:各种培肥措施均能明显提高土壤全量养分和速效养分含量,而且土壤阳离子代换量及pH值也有所降低.各种培肥措施对土壤团粒结构也有较明显的影响,以有机肥的影响最为明显,而且土壤的蓄水性能显著提高.氮磷钾配合施用土壤有机质、水解氮、速效磷和速效钾提高幅度较大.与单施无机肥和有机肥相比,有机无机配施的培肥效果较好.酿酒葡萄基地生产中,间作可使用地与养地相结合,显著地提高有机质的积累,而且在短期内可以提高土壤耕层有效氮、磷、钾营养元素的含量.

  11. 论《儒林外史》中王惠人生“权变术”三部曲%On Wang Hui's Trilogy of Life of " Contingency" in The Scholar

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛莲

    2013-01-01

    《儒林外史》中的王惠,是八股科举制度下英年得势、官居高位而横征暴敛、心狠手辣、残害百姓的典型人物,也是把权变术运用得最得心应手的典型代表.他在中举人再中进士、任南昌知府再升南赣道的辉煌道路上,尽情地表演了耍弄人生“权变术”的三部曲.他是八股科举制度选拔的败类,是贪婪成性、无德无行的恶官.从三个方面进行探究,以揭示封建社会末期科举制度自身不可调解的矛盾和怪谬:一、由“高傲”向“低下”的权变;二、由“能员”向投降的权变;三、由出逃到“隐居”的权变.

  12. Analysis on the Forest Community Species Diversity in Xiuning County of An hui Province%安徽休宁县森林植物群落物种多样性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何云核; 叶海宾

    2001-01-01

    分析了休宁县森林群落的类型、组成、结构和物种多样性,结果表明:休宁县的典型森林群 落为常绿阔叶林,但由于森林破坏,群落为成层现象和层片不甚明显;物种多样性指数(S、 D、H)是针阔混交林>常绿阔叶林>落叶常绿阔叶混交林>落叶阔叶林,低海拔>高海拔; 在同一类型不同层次中,灌木层>乔木层>草本层。%The type, composition, structure and species diversity of the forest community i n Xiuning county were analyed. It was found that the forest community in the cou n ty is a classic one, the evergreen broadleaf forest. But the layer phenomenon an d blade of forest was not obvious becaues of deforest action. The species divers ity ind ex(H′) showed needle broadleaf mixed forest>evergreen broadleaf forest>decidu ous evergreen broadleaf mixed forest>deciduous broadleaf forest, low altitude> high altitude. Within the same type, the species diversity inedx was shrub layer >tree layer>herb layer.

  13. The Domestication of Islamic Law in China and the Establishment of Islamic Common Law of the Hui People%伊斯兰法中国本土化与回族伊斯兰习惯法的形成

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨经德

    2003-01-01

    伊斯兰法作为一种外来的法律制度,具有充分的文化属性,它在中国境内的发生、成长过程其实就是一种典型的法律本土化过程,而且这种过程是伴随着伊斯兰教的中国本土化实现的.它是回族在信仰伊斯兰教过程中,以和为主要内容的伊斯兰教法运用"公议"和"类比"推导出来的法律论断,固化为本民族的生活制度(即习惯)后,通过民间宗教权威予以保障,所形成的一整套内控性的生活秩序规范体系.

  14. 伊斯兰教法对回族道德观和习惯法的影响%Islamic Law's Influence on the Huis' Moral Concept and Convention

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马志俊

    2001-01-01

    伊斯兰教法作为一种法文化,对整个穆斯林世界有着重要的影响.回族作为信仰伊斯兰教的民族,其社会生活的各个方面无不渗透和体现着伊斯兰法文化的精神实质.伊斯兰教法不仅在回族道德观的形成和建设中发挥着重要作用,而且对回族习惯法的形成产生了重要影响.

  15. 林则徐《回疆竹枝词》中的维吾尔语考释%An Explanation of Uygur Expressions Used in "Hui Jiang Zhu Zhi Ci" by Lin Zexu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖冬梅

    2006-01-01

    林则徐流放新疆期间深入研究维吾尔族历史,尊重维吾尔人民的风俗习惯及宗教信仰,虚心学习维吾尔语.是林则徐深入南疆勘地时所作的反映清代维吾尔民族生活习俗的诗歌.他把许多维吾尔词语经音译或意译直接写入诗章,使读者体会到诗歌所蕴含的民族文化特色.本文逐一试解了原诗中没有准确注音和义训的维吾尔语词.

  16. 專論/圖書資訊學知識來源與知識擴散指標之研究/黃慕萱、何蕙菩(Mu-Hsuan Huang; Hui-Pu Ho

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    黃慕萱、何蕙菩 Mu-Hsuan Huang; Hui-Pu Ho

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available 本文以1997 年至2006 年圖書資訊學之引用文獻與被引用文獻作為分析對象,除研究圖書資訊學知識來源與知識擴散程度外,並探討四種知識來源與知識擴散指標之差異性與適用性,包括COC、WCOC、Brillouin’s Index、Originality/Generality。本文發現,圖書資訊學知識來源程度較知識擴散程度高。圖書資訊學知識來源的學科自我引用率逐漸降低,而知識擴散仍以學科境內擴散為主,但與過去研究結果相比,對其他學科影響逐漸提高。在各指標比較上,COC 與WCOC著重跨學科引用程度,兩指標相關性極高,相互取代性大;Brillouin’s Index 易受樣本特性影響,適用於衡量分類較細之專利號或學科;Originality/Generality 則適用於衡量分類較粗之學科。 This study uses bibliometric methods to measure knowledge originality and knowledge generality of Library and Information Science (LIS by using citing and cited documents from 1997 to 2006. This study further discusses the difference and applicability of four knowledge originality and knowledge generality indicators, including COC, WCOC, Brillouin’s Index, and Originality/Generality. We find that the extent of knowledge originality is more than that of knowledge generality in LIS. The subject self-citation (SSC of LIS in knowledge originality has been trending down, whereas that in knowledge generality is still high, signifying main knowledge transfers within LIS itself. However, comparing this finding with the past, we find LIS has increasingly more impact on the other disciplines. Through analysis from these indicators, we also find that with COC and WCOC, we can quickly identify the rate of subject self-citation and interdisciplinary citations, but the two indicators show high relevance and may be inter-replaceable. While both emphasizing on the distribution of disciplines, Brillouin’s Index tends to be more sensitive to the samples, thus useful in measuring categories with specific classification schemes such as patent classifications or smaller discipline fields, whereas Generality/Originality is useful for more generalized subjects. 頁次:14-33

  17. Réflexions sur lʼavenir de lʼénergie nucléaire, de la France dʼaujourdʼhui au monde de demain : IIe à IVe générations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dautray, Robert; Friedel, Jacques; Bréchet, Yves

    2012-06-01

    The recent events at the Fukushima power plants (PP) have brought to light key issues which have to be discussed concerning the position of nuclear energy in the energy mix, in the context of global warming, of waning petroleum resources, of an increasing world population, and of its industrial development. These questions are addressed here from the viewpoint of physical facts; and, without proposing definite choices, this article aims to provide information on the equipment required to benefit from the fission chain reaction, while explaining the possible incidents and accidents, and the possible hidden military misuse of nuclear matter. Specific issues, such as risk assessment and risk management, will be considered, under the constraints of dealing with international non-proliferation safeguards and France energy resources independence. A special emphasis will be given on the fuel cycle, on the variety of time scales involved, and on the requirements of developing the next generation of nuclear power plants, and more specifically the fast breeder option. The lessons to be drawn from the Fukushima accident, resulting mainly from the residual power of used fuel and the loss of cooling source, are outlined, and the consequences to be drawn about the various relevant time scales are emphasized.

  18. Sand Layer Water Permeability of Tengger Desert in Zhongwei City,Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region%腾格里沙漠宁夏回族自治区中卫市沙层水分入渗研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵景波; 马延东; 邢闪; 董治宝

    2011-01-01

    In order to explore the water permeability of sand layer and its controlling factors in the Tengger Desert,an infiltration experiment was carried out in the region.The results show that during the first stage before a steady infiltration rate was reached,the moving sand dunes have the highest starting infiltration rate,followed by the half-fixed sand dunes and low-lying-lands in order.After about 6.3~8.8 min,the infiltration rate of sand layers became stable.The saturated infiltration rate of half-fixed sand dune was slightly larger than that of the moving sand dune,while the rate of the low-lying-land remained the smallest.The moving sand dune and the half-fixed sand dune had almost same high infiltration capacities and the low-lying-land has the smallest infiltration capacity.As typical characteristics,the sand layers had high and steady infiltration rates and need only a short period from start to approch steady infiltration rates,owing to the coarse but uniform texture and good pore connectivity.The high infiltration rates provided very good conditions for the transformation from rainfalls to groundwater.For the three infiltration models,the Koctakob formula was the best in describing the water permeability of sand layers,the Horton formula the second,and the general formula the most unfavourable.%为查明腾格里沙丘沙层水分渗透性及其原因,在该地区进行了沙层水分入渗试验。结果表明,在稳定前,流动沙丘入渗率最大,半固定沙丘次之,洼地最小。在达到稳定入渗后,半固定沙丘的入渗率较流动沙丘略大,洼地则最小,它们的平均稳定入渗率分别为16.8,16.2,12.0 mm/min。不同地貌类型的沙层达到稳定入渗的时间在6.3~8.8 min之间。流动沙丘与半固定沙丘水分入渗量基本相同,入渗量均较大,洼地入渗量最小。沙层具有入渗率高,达到稳定入渗快和入渗率变化小的突出特点,沙层粒度较粗,组成均一和孔隙连通性好,是其主

  19. The energy at the dawn of the 21 century. The future is deciding now; L'energie a l'aube du 21. siecle. Le futur se decide aujourd'hui

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-10-01

    This opening talk to the colloquium on the future of the energy, presents the french energy policy stakes. It recalls the importance of the international context concerning the environmental policy, the bound between the economic development and the energy demand, the energy independence and proposes to the colloquium participants 3 ways of reflection. (A.L.B.)

  20. Epidemiological investigation of scoliosis among adolescents in Hui'an county,Fujian province%福建省惠安县青少年脊柱侧凸流行病学调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周惠清; 张建新; 林思舜

    2008-01-01

    目的:了解福建省惠安县青少年脊柱侧凸的流行情况,为临床治疗和预防提供依据.方法:2007年3月~2008年5月对惠安县13所医疗卫生监控点学校32280名中小学生进行脊柱侧凸调查.结果:检出234例脊柱侧凸患者(Cobb角≥10°),患病率为0.72%.其中特发性侧凸229例,先天性侧凸4例,神经肌肉性侧凸1例;女性141例,男性93例,女性患病率显著高于男性(X2=17.46.P<0.01);小学组的患病率为0.20%,初中组为0.88%,高中组为0.89%.初中组的患病率与小学组比较明显升高;Cobb角10°~19°的患者占79.49%,20°以上的患者全部在13岁以后出现.结论:惠安县青少年脊柱侧凸患病率为0.72%.女性患病率明显高于男性,初中组变化尤为明显,应重点进行监测.

  1. 福建惠安县小岞镇渔女发饰考察研究%Investigation into the Fishing Girls' Headwear in Xiaozuo Town of Hui'an County in Fujian Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢新燕; 童友军

    2014-01-01

    福建惠安县东面两条狭长的半岛,分别是崇武半岛和小岞半岛,就是这两个半岛上居住了福建三大渔女之一惠安女,其奇异的服饰让世人瞩目,而小岞半岛上的小岞渔女发饰更为原始古朴,犹存千年遗风.本文对清末民初的“大头髻”、“贝只髻”,过渡期的“圆头”和“螺棕头”,以及解放后出现的黄斗笠和花头巾进行考察研究,解析海洋文化特征的惠安女发饰,以期增强对海洋文化归属感的认同.

  2. On the Songs of Anti-Japanese of the Hui Ethnic Group and Its Own National Identity%回族抗日歌曲与国家认同

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    敏俊卿; 马博忠

    2009-01-01

    回族抗日爱国歌曲作为一个时代主题的符号象征,它不仅反映了那个波澜壮阔的时代风貌,而且更为重要的是,它为中华民族特定时期国家认同的建构发挥了重要的历史功用.

  3. 当代中国的依法治国进程:进展与阻力%Ia construction d'un Etat de droit dans la Chine d'aujourd'hui:Avancées et Résistances

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    米海依·戴尔马斯-玛蒂

    2003-01-01

    @@20世纪的中国法律呈现出一种不连续性.自清末时由一些比较法学家譬如沈家本等人发起的法制现代化的努力.由于辛亥革命的爆发被迫中断;中华民国时期(1912—1949)则更多的是引进了大量的外国法制度,而不是对中国原有的法律规范进行系统化.……

  4. Conserved ABC Transport System Regulated by the General Stress Response Pathways of Alpha- and Gammaproteobacteria

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Herrou, Julien; Willett, Jonathan W.; Czyz, Daniel M.; Babnigg, Gyorgy; Kim, Youngchang; Crosson, Sean

    2017-03-01

    Brucella abortus sigma(E1) is an EcfG family sigma factor that regulates the transcription of dozens of genes in response to diverse stress conditions and is required for maintenance of chronic infection in a mouse model. A putative ATP-binding cassette transporter operon, bab1_0223-bab1_0226, is among the most highly activated gene sets in the sigma(E1) regulon. The proteins encoded by the operon resemble quaternary ammonium-compatible solute importers but are most similar in sequence to the broadly conserved YehZYXW system, which remains largely uncharacterized. Transcription of yehZYXW is activated by the general stress sigma factor sigma(S) in Enterobacteriaceae, which suggests a functional role for this transport system in bacterial stress response across the classes Alphaproteobacteria and Gammaproteobacteria. We present evidence that B. abortus YehZYXW does not function as an importer of known compatible solutes under physiological conditions and does not contribute to the virulence defect of a sigma(E1)- null strain. The sole in vitro phenotype associated with genetic disruption of this putative transport system is reduced growth in the presence of high Li+ ion concentrations. A crystal structure of B. abortus YehZ revealed a class II periplasmic binding protein fold with significant structural homology to Archaeoglobus fulgidus ProX, which binds glycine betaine. However, the structure of the YehZ ligand-binding pocket is incompatible with high-affinity binding to glycine betaine. This is consistent with weak measured binding of YehZ to glycine betaine and related compatible solutes. We conclude that YehZYXW is a conserved, stress-regulated transport system that is phylogenetically and functionally distinct from quaternary ammonium-compatible solute importers

  5. Investigating Ductal Carcinoma in Situ Using Noninvasive Imaging of Genetically Engineered Mouse Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-01

    LaMarca H, Edwards D, Kerbawy S, Heestand JC, Young E, Mukhopadhyay P, Yeh HW, Allred DC, Hu M, Polyak K, Rosen JM, Medina D. An intraductal human...2010 134-8. Behbod F, Kittrell F S, Lamarca H, Edwards D, Kerbawy S, Heestand J C, Young E, Mukhopadhyay P, Yeh H W, Allred D C, Hu M, Polyak K, Rosen...Bauerlein E L, Hahn W C, Gelman R S, Allred C, Bissell M J, Schnitt S and Polyak K 2008 Regulation of in situ to invasive breast carcinoma

  6. Beijing Specialists Give Free Medical Treatment in Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    <正>To help improve the physical conditions of the people in the Hui ethnic minority areas of Yunnan Province, from December 6 to 11,2005, a 10-member medical team of specialists from the Capital went to the Weishan Yi and Hui Ethnic Minority Autonomous County of Dali Prefecture and Xundian Hui and Yi Ethnic Minority Autonomous County of Kunming City to give free medical treatment for 6 days. This activity was

  7. Ma Xinlan Reflects on a 23-year Teaching Career

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1994-01-01

    SHE wears a white cap typically worn by women of the Hui ethnic nationality and a smile which often appears on her amiable face. And when the smile comes, her face betrays the races years left on it, which leads me to believe that she doesn’t live a relaxed life. She is Ma Xinlan, 42, principal of the Weizhou Hui Nationality Girls Primary School in Ningxia Hui Nationality Autonomous Region.

  8. Conserved ABC Transport System Regulated by the General Stress Response Pathways of Alpha- and Gammaproteobacteria

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Herrou, Julien; Willett, Jonathan W.; Czyż, Daniel M.; Babnigg, Gyorgy; Kim, Youngchang; Crosson, Sean; Stock, Ann M.

    2016-12-19

    ABSTRACT

    Brucella abortusσE1is an EcfG family sigma factor that regulates the transcription of dozens of genes in response to diverse stress conditions and is required for maintenance of chronic infection in a mouse model. A putative ATP-binding cassette transporter operon,bab1_0223-bab1_0226, is among the most highly activated gene sets in the σE1regulon. The proteins encoded by the operon resemble quaternary ammonium-compatible solute importers but are most similar in sequence to the broadly conserved YehZYXW system, which remains largely uncharacterized. Transcription ofyehZYXWis activated by the general stress sigma factor σSinEnterobacteriaceae, which suggests a functional role for this transport system in bacterial stress response across the classesAlphaproteobacteriaandGammaproteobacteria. We present evidence thatB. abortusYehZYXW does not function as an importer of known compatible solutes under physiological conditions and does not contribute to the virulence defect of a σE1-null strain. The solein vitrophenotype associated with genetic disruption of this putative transport system is reduced growth in the presence of high Li+ion concentrations. A crystal structure ofB. abortusYehZ revealed a class II periplasmic binding protein fold with significant structural homology toArchaeoglobus fulgidusProX, which binds glycine betaine. However, the structure

  9. Control of Venous Thromboembolism and Metastasis in Breast Cancer by Antifibrinolysis Mechanism

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-09-01

    WJ. Molecular cloning of fibroblast activation protein alpha, a member of the serine protease family selectively expressed in stromal fibroblasts of...Sánchez ML, Salamone M, Yeh YY, Flessate D, Chen W- T. Molecular cloning of seprase: A serine integral membrane protease from human melanoma, Biochimica et

  10. The Fourteenth International Meeting on Time-Resolved Vibrational Spectroscopy (TRVS XIV)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-03

    617-253-7030 e-mail: tokmakof@MIT.edu Project Manager: Dr. Michael Berman Grant Number: FA9550-09-1-0473 March 2, 2010...Hoffmann, Janos Hebling, Harold Y. Hwang, THz-pump/THz-probe nonlinear spectroscopy Ka-Lo Yeh, Keith A. Nelson, MIT 11:30 AM C Tomonori Nomoto and

  11. EXCEDE Energy Deposition. Theory and Experiment Compared.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-11-30

    pillse at an altitude of 123 ki. Sec onda ri 1Y, i t involved a comparison with preliminary photographic data recorded from 1te ground on a s imi lar...Supervisor for K. Yeh BDM Corp ATTN: T. Neighbors Institute for Defense Analyses ATTN: L. Jacobs ATTN: J. Bengston ATTN: J. Aein Berkeley Research

  12. Mental Health Help-Seeking Behaviors among Asian American Community College Students: The Effect of Stigma, Cultural Barriers, and Acculturation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Meekyung; Pong, Helen

    2015-01-01

    According to the 2008 U.S. Census, there are 15.5 million Asian Americans in the United States, and 17% are students enrolled in a university (Shea & Yeh, 2008). Asian American college students in higher education are oftentimes perceived as the "model minority" with high academic achievements and few mental and/or behavioral…

  13. Publication of Papers Presented at URSI 23RD General Assembly as a Special Section of Radio Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-05-15

    Mainardi [1989] to a dissipative medium. In quite similar ways the first and second spatial moments of According to the superposition principle, a wave a...Yeh, Wave Propagation Laboratory, Van Groesen, E., and F. Mainardi , Energy propagation in Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

  14. Attention Effects on Form Discrimination at Different Eccentricities

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-01-01

    Eriksen & Hoffman, 1974; Eriksen & St. James, 1986; Eriksen & Yeh, 1985; Holtzman, Sidtis, Volpe, Wilson, & Gazzaniga , 1981; Jonides, 1980, 1983...cross-classified categorical data (2nd ed.). Cambridge, MA: M.I.T. Press. 30 Holtzman, J. D., Sidtis, J. J., Volpe, B. T., Wilson, D. H., & Gazzaniga

  15. Mathematics, Programming, and STEM

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeh, Andy; Chandra, Vinesh

    2015-01-01

    Learning mathematics is a complex and dynamic process. In this paper, the authors adopt a semiotic framework (Yeh & Nason, 2004) and highlight programming as one of the main aspects of the semiosis or meaning-making for the learning of mathematics. During a 10- week teaching experiment, mathematical meaning-making was enriched when primary…

  16. CAS academician honored at 4th world urban forum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ Prof. Anthony Yeh, a CAS Member from the University of Hong Kong (HKU), is selected the winner of the 2008 UN-HABITAT Lecture Award--the highest international acclaims in the town planning field. The award is to recognize outstanding and sustained contributions to research, thinking and practice in human settlements development and planning. Prof.

  17. Dynamics of Explosions in Fuel-Air Mixtures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1977-01-01

    Seattle, July 11-14, 1977. :5. "Detection of Acoustic Waves with a PI-DMOS Transducer," (K. W. Yeh, R. S. luller, and S. H. Kwan) japanese Journal of Applied Physics , Vol. 16, Supplement 16-1, pp. 517-521, 1977.

  18. Age, Emotion Regulation Strategies, Temperament, Creative Drama, and Preschoolers' Creativity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeh, Yu-Chu; Li, Me-Lin

    2008-01-01

    Based on Yeh's (2004) "Ecological Systems Model of Creativity Development", this study investigated the effects that age, the use of emotion regulation strategies, temperament, and exposure to creative drama instruction have on the development of creativity among preschool children. Participants were 116 4- to 6-year-old preschool children. This…

  19. On the onset of nano-ordered phase distributions in high-entropy alloys

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rao, J. C.; Ocelík, V.; Vainchtein, D.; Tang, Z.; Liaw, P. K.; De Hosson, J. Th M.

    2017-01-01

    This contribution to the Festschrift concentrates on 'nano-s', a topic which is central in Ilya Ovid'ko scientific work in the field of materials physics. In particular, we concentrate on a rather new alloying design concept of so-called High-Entropy Alloys (HEA) that was proposed by Yeh et al. in

  20. Tsai et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2014) 11(2):343 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    cadewumi

    Shiang-Jiun Tsai1*, Ying-Xu Ruan2*, Ching-Chih Lee3,6, Moon-Sing Lee1,6, ..... Tsai, H.L., Chen, C.W., Yeh, Y.S., Ma, C.J., Huang, C.J., and Wang, J.Y. (2012). .... Cancer Patients' Attitudes Towards Chinese Medicine: A Hong Kong Survey.

  1. 民国时期的回族行店与地方社会——以甘肃张家川为例%The Combination of Hui Warehouse and Local Society during the Period of Republic of China ——A Study on Many Cases in Zhangjiachuan, Gansu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    靳晓芳

    2015-01-01

    行店是一种通过为买卖双方撮合生意而抽取一定行佣的中介组织,但是在民国时期,张家川回族行店的功能不止于此,在更深层次上而言,它还涉入地方社会的其他方面.依恃包税和抽佣等特权,行店潜入地方经济,垄断行业贸易,获利颇多.凭借雄厚的经济实力,行店同时把触角涉入地方宗教和教育领域.这具体表现为,行店主不仅以资助教务、参与朝觐等方式,直接或间接地推动着地方宗教的发展,同时还通过捐资办校、以身示范等举动,积极地加入到发展地方教育事业的行列中.

  2. The Characteristics of Rural Remaining out of Poverty Population in Gansu Minority Areas and Thinking:Taking the Poverty Households of Y Town in Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture as Example%甘肃民族地区农村待脱贫人口特征与思考--以临夏回族自治州Y镇贫困户为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨智

    2014-01-01

    在全面建成小康社会的进程中,欠发达地区的农村,特别是民族地区农村的脱贫问题是一个瓶颈问题。以甘肃为例,甘肃民族地区的农村虽经多年发展有了巨大变化,但因地理环境和历史原因,农村贫困面广、贫困程度深。该地区农村待脱贫人口在经济收入、受教育程度、思想观念、健康状况、家庭结构等方面存在诸多特殊矛盾,这些矛盾已经影响到扶贫攻坚政策的效果,亟待深入研究解决。%During the course of completing the well-off society , the anti- poverty problem is a bottleneck one in Chinese un-derdeveloped rural areas, especially the minority areas. In the case of Gansu province, Gansu minority rural areas have been developed for many years and there have taken great changes , but its poverty range is still wide and depth is still deep be-cause of geographical and historical reasons. The poverty population in these areas have lots of special contradictions in the aspects of economic income,education level, ideological concept,health condition,family structure etc. These contradictions have affected the effect of the poverty alleviation policy , which need to be deeply studied and solved urgently.

  3. From Lao-Zhuang, Schopenhauer to Wang Guowei:Discussing the Art View-point of "Wu-Wo Shuang Hui"%物我双会:从老庄、叔本华到王国维的审美观照理论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄晖

    2014-01-01

    本文在梳理中国审美观照理论的生成过程中,重点探讨了王国维的“境界”说对老庄艺术精神与叔本华美学理论的继承与创新.王国维借鉴西方美学思想来研究和分析中国艺术精神,把中西不同的美学观念与思维模式整合起来,建构了独具特色的审美观照理论,从而成为中国意境理论的集大成者.

  4. 优质护理示范工程在临床中的应用%Clinical Application of High Quality Nursing Demonstration Project/HUANG Hui,CHEN Li,GUO Zi-yun.//Medical Innovation of China,2012,9(25):041-043

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄蕙; 陈丽; 郭子云

    2012-01-01

      目的:探讨创建优质护理示范病房的方法与成效.方法:先后确立6个科室为试点病房,从改变护理服务理念和护理工作模式,增强护理人力资源、加强基础护理、落实“护士床边工作制”、强化健康教育,评估护理服务效果,完善绩效考核制度等方面进行探索,创建和完善优质护理示范病房.结果:实施优质护理服务后,患者对护士工作满意度由90.88%上升到99.83%;呼叫率由66.85%下降到16.36%;陪护率及自聘护工率由97.56%下降到69.26%;患者对健康知识知晓率由82.36%上升到97.58%;护士自我满意度由79.08%提高到了93.02%;医生对护士工作的满意度由76.06%提高到了94.05%;无投诉率及护理并发症的发生.结论:通过创建优质护理示范病房,可以提高患者、家属、医护人员的满意度,提高整体护理质量,达到患者、社会和政府三满意.%  Objective: To explore the methods and effectiveness of creating high-quality care demonstration ward.Method:Has established six departments for the pilot unit to change the philosophy of care services and the mode of care,enhancing nursing human resources,strengthening basic care,the implementation of the nurse bedside working to strengthen health education,assess the effect of nursing services,and improve the performance appraisal system and other aspects to explore,create and improve quality care demonstration ward.Result:Patients after the implementation of the job satisfaction of nurses has increased by 90.88% to 99.83%;call rate down from 66.85% to 16.36%;accompanying rate and self-employed care workers decreased from 97.56% to 69.26%;patients health awareness rate increased from 82.36% to 97.58%;nurse self-satisfaction from 79.08% to 93.02%;doctor’s nurses work satisfaction increased from 76.06% to 94.05%;complaints and care the incidence of complications.Conclusion:By creating high-quality care demonstration wards so that patients,their families,medical staff satisfaction improved significantly improve the overall quality of care to patients,society and government three satisfaction.

  5. 安徒生的“爱欲”与“孩子气”——读张慧敏《想象与叙事》第一章%Eroticism and Childishness of Anderson-after Reading Chapter One of Imagination and Narration by Zhang Hui-ming

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖剑

    2014-01-01

    本文关注张慧敏在《想像与叙事》第一章涉及的两个重要问题——安徒生的“孩子气”与“爱情”.张慧敏试图为安徒生的“孩子气”辩护,同时澄清学界长期以来对安徒生“爱情”的误读.这两个问题一体两面,实则关涉“想像”与“虚构”在人类生活中的重大作用.

  6. Change of waterbird community structure after the intertidal mudflat reclamation in theYangtze River Mouth:a case study of NanHui Dongtan area%长江口滩涂围垦后水鸟群落结构的变化——以南汇东滩为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张斌; 袁晓; 裴恩乐; 牛俊英; 衡楠楠; 王天厚

    2011-01-01

    近年来长江口滩涂湿地高强度的促淤围垦对生物多样性保育造成了严重影响.2006至2010年在南汇东滩进行了水鸟调查,研究围垦后堤内环境的快速演替过程对水鸟的群落结构的影响.通过分析鸻鹬类、雁鸭类和鹭类3类主要水鸟类群,结果表明鸻鹬类的总数量呈严重下降趋势(ANOVA,P=0.009),而雁鸭类和鹭类总数量在上升(ANOVA,P=0.015;P=0.00);在种类数量方面,鸻鹬类和雁鸭类差异不显著(ANOVA,P=0.597;P=0.523),鹭类种类数变化极显著(ANOVA,P=0.00).同时,通过对水鸟的栖息地选择因子偏好的分析,发现滩涂减少是鸻鹬类数量下降的主要因素,而大型水产养殖塘和芦苇增加是雁鸭类和鹭类数量增加的重要原因.为此提出相应海岸带湿地管理建议.

  7. Hui and Han relatives: analysis of fusion relationship between Ningxia mosque and Chinese traditional temple architecture%回汉之亲——析宁夏清真寺与中国传统寺庙建筑的融合关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐一聪; 马冰洋; 燕宁娜; 陈宙颖; 刘娟

    2013-01-01

    清真寺作为伊斯兰教代表性建筑有其独特的价值和意义,但在其建筑形制发展的过程中却产生了不同分支.为了填补在传统式清真寺建筑研究中的空白,通过对比分析,挖掘宁夏清真寺建筑形制受中国古典寺庙的影响,发现二者在诸多方面存在着相似性.

  8. Web Usability Policies/Standards/Guidelines Do Not Influence Practices at ARL Academic Libraries. A Review of: Chen, Yu‐Hui, Carol Anne Germain and Huahai Yang. “An Exploration into the Practices of Library Web Usability in ARL Academic Libraries.” Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 60.5 (2009: 953‐68.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shandra Protzko

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective – To survey the current status of Web usability Policies/Standards/Guidelines (PSGs found in academic libraries of the Association of Research Libraries (ARL. Researchers sought to investigate whether PSGs are in place, the levels of difficulty surrounding implementation, the impact of PSGs on design, testing, and resource allocation, and the relationship between ARL ranking and usability practice or PSGs.Design – Survey.Setting – North America.Subjects – Academic libraries of the ARL.Methods – An 18‐question survey consisting of multiple choice, Likert scale, and open‐ended questions was sent to all 113 ARL libraries in November 2007. Survey recipients were selected as the person in charge of Web site usability by visiting library Web sites and phone inquiry. The survey was concluded in January 2008 with a response rate of 74% (84 institutions. The researchers used t‐test to detect any difference in ARL library ranking between libraries with and without PSGs. Pair‐wise t‐tests were conducted to identify gaps in difficulty implementing PSGs. In addition, they used Pearson’s Correlation to investigate any significant correlations between variables such as ARL rank and resource allocation.Main Results – Of the 84 respondents, 34 (40% have general library Web PSGs and 25 (30% have specific usability PSGs; 41 (49% have at least one type of in‐library PSG. Of the 43 (51% libraries that do not have PSGs, 30 (36% are at universities with institutional Web usability PSGs; 26 (87% follow those guidelines. There was no statistically significant relationship between ARL ranking and PSG status (see Table 1. The authors asked about difficulty in implementing PSGs. Of the 32 libraries responding to a question about general library Web PSGs, most had slight or moderate difficulty. Twenty‐three libraries with specific usability PSGs identified difficulty levels; some had no difficulty, but a majority had moderate difficulty. For the 26 libraries using institutional Web usability PSGs, most had no or slight difficulty. Pair‐wise t‐tests showed that library Web usability PSGs were significantly more difficult to implement than university Web usability PSGs. Enforcement/agreement issues were reported as the primary difficulty in implementing in‐library PSGs. Technical issues and ambiguity were obstacles at the institutional level. More than half of the 84 libraries have Web advisory committees and about one third have usability committees or Web usability subcommittees. Several libraries answered that they have none of these committees, but indicated that they have some sort of ad hoc committee or user study group to address usability issues. Of the 84 respondents, 71 (85% have conducted usability testing. Sixty‐two libraries (73.8% rated usability testing as important, very important, or extremely important: the rate given for the importance of usability testing did not correlate with ARL ranking. Cited most often in open ended questioningwere the importance of iterative testing, library wide buy‐in, and staff and resource availability. Main web pages were tested most frequently. Fifty‐three libraries (74.6% tested their lower level pages at least once. OPACs were tested the least often. The amount of testing was impacted neither by the existence of library Web PSGs nor usability PSGs. The top two testing methods were in‐person observation and think aloud protocol.Of the 84 libraries, 24 (28% reported having staff dedicated to Web usability issues; twenty full‐time staff and four part‐time staff. There was a weak association between ARL ranking and hours worked by dedicated staff; no association existed for regular staff who take on Web responsibilities. Fifty‐one (60% of libraries had regular staff whose duties included Web usability; forty‐six full‐time and five part‐time. Training did not correlate to amount of testing methods used. There was a weak link between ALR ranking and availability of resources and, the authors showed, more testing was done as

  9. Fiches pratiques: Le circuit de l'herbe; Journal a plusieurs mains; Comment aborder l'economie d'une facon economique; Des articles d'autrefois aux determinants d'aujourd'hui (Practical Ideas: The Path of Grass; Group Diary; Approaching Economics in an Economical Way; From Yesterday's Articles to Today's Determiners).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vever, Daniel; And Others

    1991-01-01

    Four activities for the French language classroom are described, including a comprehension game based on the cow's digestive system, a group journal exercise using current events, an economics vocabulary development activity, and a grammar exercise focusing on the use of determiners in news articles. (MSE)

  10. Figures and Thoughts Chung-Hui Wang and Legal Reform in the Republic of China: An Analysis from the Sociology of Knowledge%王宠惠与中国法律近代化——一个知识社会学的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张生

    2009-01-01

    @@ 一、序说 在民国时期众多的法律家之中,王宠惠被誉"民国第一法律家",[1]他曾游学日本、美国、德国、法国、英国,饮誉欧美比较法学界,民国初期的学者评价该氏称:"国人对于世界法学实际方面之贡献,至王氏而登峰造极,不能复加.

  11. Imagining the Flavor of Huai River in the Open-minded "Attitude"On XU Hui Novels%以豁达者的“姿态”想象江淮风情——许辉小说论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王永兵

    2012-01-01

    Xu Hui's novels have a flavor of enriched life and local characteristics, while describing the native landscapes, he focuses on the depiction of "water", and takes advantage of the water's flowing and being crystal clear as the metaphor for people's happy life and refined personality, demonstrating an open-minded attitude. Many works of Xuhui also take circle of officials as the central topic, revealing various negative aspects of modern circle of officials with a modern intellectuaP s humanistic concerns with people's livelihood and a clear sense of criticism. In addition, Xuhui's novels also provide a detailed investigation of human nature and serious exploration of the meaning of life, they are the summary of author's literary career while serving as the records of the ordinary Jiang Huai people's life.%许辉小说具有浓郁的生活气息与浓厚的地方特色,在叙述家乡自然风景时,写作者重在写"水",借水的流动与清澈来隐喻活泼快乐的生活与高洁脱俗的人格,呈现出豁达的姿态。许辉的不少作品还以官场社会为中心,展现现代官场种种积习流弊,体现了一个现代知识分子独有的关注民生、体恤万物的人文主义情怀和清醒尖刻的批判意识。此外,许辉小说还细致地勘察与体悟了人情、人性,认真地探寻与追问了人生意义和价值,在为普通江淮人作传的同时,也对自己的文学生涯进行了一次总结。

  12. 社会底层的汉--伊斯兰文明对话--对回族语言演进史的简要回顾%Han Chinese-Islamic Cultural Dialog at the Bottom of Society -- Evolution of the Hui Language in Brief Retrospection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘迎胜

    2004-01-01

    自伊斯兰文明进入中国之时起,就开始了最初的汉--伊斯兰文明对话.蒙元时代入华回回人是回族的主源.在13-14世纪的中国,波斯语是旧大陆的主要国际交际语(1ingua franca)之一和元代的主要外交语言,是回回人的共同语和新母语,是元代三种官方语言之一.元代回回人在人种相貌体质上与汉人有较大区别,但后裔逐渐放弃自己的母语,改用汉语汉文.在母语转换的过程中,回回人经历了一个双语时期.当代部分回族与西北的东乡族、保安族与撒拉族人民中还流行着一种用阿拉伯文与波斯文字母为基础拼写的文字,即始创于明代中期以后的"小经"文字.创制"小经"文字的人可能是生活于社会底层的回回百姓.

  13. 铅球运动员惠振豹身体素质的灰色关联分析及模式训练研究%A Study on the Model of Physical Fitness of Training and Grey Correlation Analysis of the Physical Fitness for Shot Thrower Hui Zheng-bao

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张正红

    2002-01-01

    运用文献资料法和数理统计分析方法,对我国男子铅球运动员惠振豹各项素质进行了综合分析,找出了影响运动成绩的主要因素,建立了惠振豹的专项成绩的身体素质训练模型,为教练员的训练提供参考依据.

  14. 铅球运动员惠振豹身体素质的灰色关联分析及模式训练研究%Study the Model of Physical Fitness of Training and Grey Connection Were Used to Give Analysis of the Physical Fitness for Shot Thrower Hui Zheng- bao

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张正红

    2003-01-01

    运用文献资料法和数理统计分析方法,对我国男子铅球运动员惠振豹各项素质进行了综合分析,找出了影响运动成绩的主要因素,建立了惠振豹的专项成绩的身体素质训练模型,为教练员的训练提供了参考依据.

  15. Discussion of the Continuation of the Traditional Village Spatial Pattern of Hui Ethnicity in Ningxia in Village Planning%浅谈宁夏回族传统村落空间格局在村庄规划中的延续

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴晓枫; 宋洋洋

    2014-01-01

    After hundreds of years of evolution, the ancient vilages in Ningxia have formed a unique space layout. It is the accumulation of history and culture. In new era, the vilage planning should absorb the advantages of the traditional layout. With the rational use of land, the cultural characteristics of the local construction should be retained, forming the spatial distribution patern of the combination of the ancient features and modern characteristics.%宁夏古村落经过上百年的演变,已经形成独具一格的空间布局,是历史文化的积淀。新时代,对村庄进行规划时,应吸取传统布局方式的优点。在合理利用土地的同时,保留当地建筑文化特色,形成古今结合的空间布局模式。

  16. 水肥调控对宁夏旱砂地枣树生长发育的影响%Effects of Fertilizer-Water Regulation on Growth and Development of Zizyphus Jujuba in Gravel-Sand Mulched Field in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏天军; 李百云

    2011-01-01

    At Xiangshan Mountain arid areas in the middle Ningxia, the effects of both water absorbent and supplemental fertilizer-water on soil water contents, fruit-setting rate, yields, quality, water use efficiency and vegetable growth of jujube trees were investigated under the field condition, by using the three-year-old ‘Tongxinyuanzao’ jujube trees with plant and row placing being 3 m×8 m while intercropping watermelon which the yield of was 12 000 kg-13 500 kg per hm2. The results indicated that the content of soil moisture in the depth of 40 cm was increased by 2.14% (absolute value) from May to October after the application of water absorbent with 30-60 g per plant and supplementary twice fertilizer-water (125 kg of total number per tree) on mid-June, mid-July, respectively. Meanwhile, the leaf area, chlorophyll content, fruit-setting rate, fruit number of individual tree, yield per plant, mean fresh weight of fruit, water use efficiency and ratio of total soluble solids content to titratable acid content were enhanced by 4.1%-50.5%, 44.9%(compared with that of naturally growing trees), 9.5%-27.8%, 29.5%-33.2%, 37.9%-51.1%, 0.5 g-2.1 g, 33.3%-46.7% and 23.0%-41.8%, respectively. Furthermore, the content of ascorbic acid, new branch thickness and rate of diameter of tree trunk increased all improved slightly.%以种植在宁夏中卫市香山干旱山区压砂地的3年生‘同心圆枣'树(行间套种西瓜,每公顷产量12000kg~13500kg)为试材,研究了保水剂+补水补肥对土壤含水量、坐果率、产量、品质、水分利用率和树体营养生长的影响,试验结果表明:每株施30 g~60 g保水剂,并在枣树生长期补水补肥2次,使整个生育期40 cm处土壤含水量绝对值提高了2.14%,单叶面积增加了4.1%~50.5%,叶绿素含量增加了44.9%(与放任生长的树相比),坐果率提高了9.5%~27.8%,单株坐果量提高了29.5%~33.2%,单株产量提高了37.9%~51.1%,平均单果重增加了0.5g~2.1 g,水分利用率提高了33.3%~46.7%,果实固酸比增加了23.0%~41.8%、维生素C含量略有增加,新枣头粗度和主干增粗率也略有增加.

  17. The Comparative Research of Elemental Concentration Contents in Human Hair from the Zang, Hui, Menggu, Weiwuer, Hasake and Man Nationalities by Using Cluster Analysis%对藏族、回族、蒙古族、维吾尔族、哈萨克族和满族人发中7种微量元素的聚类分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨若明; 张经华; 王辉

    2002-01-01

    用等离子体发射光谱法对中国藏族、回族、蒙古族、维吾尔族和哈萨克族人发中的钙、镁、铁、锰、铜、锌、镉7种元素的含量进行了测定.对满族、蒙古族和维吾尔族3个民族,对藏族、回族、蒙古族、维吾尔族和哈萨克族5个民族进行了聚类分析,两组中每个民族基本上聚为一类,误判率分别小于10%和 5%,说明上述民族的头发中7种元素含量的综合水平存在着较显著的差别.

  18. Support vector machine of elemental concentrations in the human hair covering Tu, Zang and Hui nationalities of Qinghai%青海世居土族、藏族和回族人发中微量元素的支持向量机研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴启勋; 龙启萍; 赵旭升; 王红; 索端智

    2009-01-01

    用原子吸收光谱法测定青海土族、藏族和回族青年人体头发中的钙、铁、锌、铜、镁、锰和镉等7种元素的含量,用支持向量分类法比较研究.表明,在3个民族的头发之间,7种元素含量的综合水平存在着较显著的差别,其判别函数可以用于判别和预测这三个民族.并用留一法检验其预报能力.计算表明:支持向量机算法结果优于Fisher法.

  19. A Survey of Interpersonal Conflicts in College Students'Dormitories---Take 16 Universities in AnHui Province as an Example%大学生宿舍人际冲突的调查研究--以安徽16所高校为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付春新; 李清贤

    2013-01-01

    正确处理大学生宿舍人际冲突可以有效地引导和促进大学生健康发展,也可以帮助大学生更好地适应社会,对构建高校和谐校园意义重大。此研究以安徽16所高校的2353名学生作为研究对象,主要从冲突影响因素、应对方式与处理策略、冲突感受和后果、冲突发展趋势、高校管理者的工作重心等方面进行了调查和分析,研究发现:生活习惯差异是引发冲突的首要因素;学生具有很强的冲突化解能力,表现较理性,倾向于采用合作的方式应对和处理冲突,极少借助辅导员等外在力量;高校管理者调解冲突时最重要的工作是及时了解事情真相,主持公道等。据此,本研究从教育管理学角度提出冲突管理的若干建议。%Processing college students'dormitory interpersonal conflict in a reasonable way can effectively guide and promote the healthy developement of college students , help them to better adapt to the society , and play a very important role in the construction of harmonious campus .This study takes 2353 college students in the 16 universities of Anhui province as the research objects , investiga-ting and analyzing mainly from the conflict influence factors , methods of coping and handling conflict , feelings and consequences , the development trend of conflict , and the focus of school manager's work and so on .The survey shows that the primary factor of conflict is the difference in life habits .While in confliction , students have the ability to resolve the contradictions rationally by adopting a co-operative way with little involvement of external power such as counselors .The major concern of the school managers'investigation should be on the truth of the matter and the upholding of justice .Accordingly , this research puts forward some suggestions of conflict management from the perspective of educational management .

  20. 非洲康复医学发展与中国援非医疗队%Development of Rehabilitation Medicine and Chinese Medical Teams in Africa ZHANG Shan-gang, FAN Guang-hui. Wuhan General Hospital of Guangzhou Military Command, Wuhan 430070, Hubei, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张善纲; 樊光辉

    2014-01-01

    In Africa about 133 million people lived with disabilities which were mainly the sequelae of infectious disease, war or trau-ma accidents, single organ dysfunction, refractive error and some others. Medical rehabilitation and community-based rehabilitation could only meet 5%~55%of their rehabilitation needs. Weak infrastructure, poverty and lack of funds, negative attitudes and the monotonous hu-man and culture environments restricted the development of rehabilitation medicine in Africa. Chinese model of rehabilitation medicine seemed to be suitable for Africa. Chinese medical teams in Africa could do a lot in admissions of the disabled, improving hardware condi-tions, training of professionals, developing new technology and expanding the prestige of rehabilitation medicine.%非洲约有1.33亿残疾人,多由感染性疾病、战争创伤事故、单器官功能障碍、屈光不正等引起。非洲的医学康复与社区康复只能满足其康复需求的5%~55%,基础设施薄弱、贫穷及资金匮乏、工作不落实、人文环境单调等是制约康复医学发展的因素。中国康复医学模式适合非洲,医疗队在接诊康复患者、改善硬件条件、培训专业人员、开展新技术、制定新流程及扩大康复医学的影响上可以做很多工作。

  1. Linking: Today's Libraries, Tomorrow's Technologies. Report of the Bibliographic and Communications Network Pilot Project. Canadian Network Papers Number 7 = Le Lien entre les Bibliotheques d'Aujourd'hui et les Technologies de Demain. Rapport du Projet Pilote du Reseau de Services Bibliographiques et de Communications. Documents sur les Reseaux Canadiens Numero 7.

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Library of Canada, Ottawa (Ontario).

    A pilot project was conducted from May 1980 to November 1983 to test the application of iNet--a decentralized, packet-switched telecommunications network--to bibliographic data interchange in Canada. The principal components of the project were participation of the Bibliographic Common Interest Group (BCIP), a group of libraries with stand-alone,…

  2. Dislocated Anti Academic Corruption——An Analysis of Symptoms in Chinese Academic Circles: the Case of " Wang Hui Plagiarism Gate"%错位的学术反腐——"汪晖抄袭门"之中国学术界症候辨析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚新勇

    2010-01-01

    "汪晖抄袭门"虽然缘起于揭露学术腐败之行,但该事件的总体演变动向却与学术反腐的目标相互错位,相当程度上成为一场由所谓"左右派性之争"推动的学术打假秀.如何跳出意气用事的派性之争,直面"汪晖抄袭门"所关系到的思想学术界的制度性腐败和知识分子自身的问题,是当下中国学术界亟待解决的问题.

  3. The Construction of Customer Brand Knowledge Management Model from the Perspective of Absorptive Capacity--Based on Hui-honored Multi-case Analysis%吸收能力视角的顾客品牌知识管理模型构建--基于回族老字号的多案例分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨保军; 黄志斌

    2014-01-01

    知识边界的拓展使企业越来越重视外部知识的管理和知识吸收能力。品牌知识是顾客对产品知识和品牌形象知识的认知,是在企业边界之外与品牌管理活动高度相关的外部性知识。强大的吸收能力是形成品牌差异化的重要因素。顾客品牌知识是重要的外部知识来源,吸收能力是推进顾客品牌知识获取和利用的核心要素,顾客品牌管理将促进企业充分利用顾客品牌知识并推动品牌创新。%Expanding boundaries of knowledge enables enterprises to pay more and more attention to external knowledge management and knowledge absorptive capacity. Brand knowledge is the awareness of customers to product knowledge and brand image knowledge, which is the external knowledge of outside corporate boundaries and highly relevant to brand management activities. So, strong absorptive capacity is an important factor in the formation of brand differentiation. Customer brand knowledge is the important sources of external knowledge;absorptive capacity is the core factor that can be used to promote the acquisition and usage of customer brand knowledge;the customer brand knowledge management will promote the enterprises to fully take advantage of customer brand knowledge and promote brand innovation.

  4. 气候变化对甘肃定西、安徽合肥小麦生产影响研究%Assessing the Impact of Climate Change on Wheat Production in DingXi (Gan Su province) and HeFei (An Hui Provicve)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田展; 徐新良; 史军

    2006-01-01

    由于大气中温室气体的不断增加,全球气候发生了巨大变化.据最新气候模式模拟研究表明未来全球气候将发生更为剧烈的变化,这必将对很多部门产生显著的影响特别是对气候变化十分敏感的农业.尤其对于中国这样的人口大国,农业作为社会最基本也是最重要生产部门之一,气候变化将对中国的农业生产带来巨大的影响.小麦是中国的第二大作物,其中冬小麦占全国小麦总产量近90%,因此评价气候变化对中国小麦生产影响是十分必要的.为了分析在未来气候变化情景下中国小麦生产可能遇到的风险,以15年ECMWF再分析实验数据(1979~1993)作为边界条件驱动PRECIS区域气候模式模拟产生作物模型所需要的气候资料并输入CERES-Wheat 模型,验证CERES-Wheat模型与区域气候模式PRECIS结合的模拟能力.在以上验证工作的基础上,将区域气候模式PRECIS的模拟结果与作物模型CERES-Wheat相连接,同时考虑到CO2对小麦的直接施肥作用,模拟了两个小麦站点(定西和合肥)在IPCC SRES A2和B2情景下雨养和灌溉小麦的变化趋势.得到如下结论:无论是在A2情景还是B2情景,定西和合肥的小麦产量都会有所增加,但增加的幅度相差很大.A2情景的增产效应一般要大于B2情景的增产效应,灌溉小麦比雨养小麦更加受益于气候变化,冬小麦(合肥)产量的增长幅度要大于春小麦(定西)增长幅度.CO2对小麦生长的肥效作用十分明显,产量增幅很大.以上结果说明未来气候变化可能会对我国的小麦生产带来益处,但由于未来气候情景模拟的不确定性以及CO2肥效作用通常是在作物过程中的水肥条件完全满足的情况下才充分体现,这都给研究结果带来了不确定性,但本项研究为评价未来气候变化对中国小麦生产影响提供了一种全面的评价方法.

  5. Fiches pratiques: Le circuit de l'herbe; Journal a plusieurs mains; Comment aborder l'economie d'une facon economique; Des articles d'autrefois aux determinants d'aujourd'hui (Practical Ideas: The Path of Grass; Group Diary; Approaching Economics in an Economical Way; From Yesterday's Articles to Today's Determiners).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vever, Daniel; And Others

    1991-01-01

    Four activities for the French language classroom are described, including a comprehension game based on the cow's digestive system, a group journal exercise using current events, an economics vocabulary development activity, and a grammar exercise focusing on the use of determiners in news articles. (MSE)

  6. The Research on Poverty Leaded to Drought under the Climate Change and Its Relief Path:The Case of the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region%气候变化下的干旱致贫及救助路径研究--以宁夏回族自治区为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁誉; 韩振燕; 陈绍军

    2015-01-01

    气候变化下的干旱致贫已经成为我国扶贫工作的主要障碍。近年来宁夏的干旱程度受气候变化影响愈发严重,气候变化下的干旱致贫问题突出。究其成因是由干旱加剧导致农牧业生产风险增加,水资源短缺,人类健康程度下降,以及人为不利因素而导致的。当前宁夏在应对气候变化下的干旱致贫时在扶贫移民、自我发展、资金供给和政策适应等问题上仍存在许多问题。必须构建以居住地生产生活适应性评估为依据,通过原地发展农业生产和异地推进扶贫移民两种治贫途径,并辅助以“五位一体”保障措施的救助路径。%Poverty leaded to drought under the climate change has become the major obstacle for our country. In recent years , the drought degree in Ningxia has been influenced by climate change more serious. The problem of the poverty leaded to drought under the climate change is very prominent. It is derived from the increasing risk of agricultural and animal husbandry production under the drought,shortage of water resources,declining in human health,and other human-related causes. There-fore,Ningxia should be built the relief path which is through developping agricultural production in the original living place and implementing the immigration of proverty allevation ,and aided with “Four in One"supporting measures.

  7. 禅宗与基督教的自我意识比较——以慧能和克尔凯郭尔为例%A Comparative Research Between Zen and Christianity's Sekf-comsciouseness: Illustrated by Hui Neng and Kierkegaard

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨玉昌

    2007-01-01

    作为东西方有代表性的宗教,禅宗和基督教对自我意识各有不同的看法.慧能的禅学和克尔凯郭尔的哲学分别体现了这一点.前者主张顿悟、"人佛不二"和超度,后者则强调"信仰的跳跃"、"人与神的本质差异"和拯救.这两种自我意识既相互对立、相互冲突,又相互平衡、相互解构.为了适应当今全球化迅速发展的形势,应当建立一种超越东西方各自局限性的新的自我意识.

  8. 管媒行动:永宁纳家户回族的内婚制与族群再造的解析%Marriage Match-making: The System of Inter-ethnic Marriages and Ethnic Reengineering of Hui nationality in Najiahu Yongning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何粉霞; 李德宽

    2016-01-01

    社会本身存在着结构,并制约人们的行为,人们遵从社会制度的同时,又通过一系列实践活动一再地创造着社会结构,二者循环往复.本文以纳家户回族乡村的管媒行动作为切入视角,通过长期的田野调研,分析了回族内婚制与族群再生产循环机制的运作关系.宗教与世俗在纳家户回族婚姻制度上的禁忌和限定,人为割裂了男女两性家庭自然结合形成族群血缘细胞的通道,媒人成为弥合婚姻通道的关键角色.媒人操控着婚姻,事实上,来自宗教和世俗权威的社会文化价值操纵着媒人,在操纵与被操纵的交织中,完成了族群的再生产,形成内群社会婚姻结构的往复循环再造.

  9. Sex and the City

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Scheen, L.M.

    2006-01-01

    Mian Mian pouring beer on Wei Hui’s head in a Shanghai bar; Wei Hui baring her breasts at a press conference; threats on the Internet – self-labelled Beauty Writers Mian Mian and Wei Hui fear no accusations in their public catfight over alleged plagiarism in turn-of-the-century Shanghai. The rivalry

  10. Something Out of a Nightmare

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjerkegaard, Stefan

    2008-01-01

    “Something out of a nightmare. Om Cho Seung-Hui og hans tekster” forsøger at belyse forholdet mellem de litterære tekster, som Virginia Tech morderen, Cho Seung-Hui, skrev, og dennes grusomme handlinger. Et par af teksterne blev, kort tid efter mordene, tilgængelige på nettet. Det gav anledning t...

  11. Obesity and Preference-Weighted Quality of Life of Ethnically Diverse Middle School Children: The HEALTHY Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. P. Treviño

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available To date, studies examining the relation between body mass index percentile (BMI% categories and health-related quality of life (QOL measurements have not reported preference-weighted scores among ethnically diverse children. We report the associations between BMI% categories and preference-weighted scores among a large cohort of ethnically diverse sixth grade children who participated in the HEALTHY school-based type 2 diabetes risk factor prevention study. Health Utility Index 2 (HUI2 and Health Utility Index 3 (HUI3 and the feeling thermometer (FT were the preference-weighted QOL instruments used to measure student’s preference scores. Of 6358 consented students, 4979 (78.3% had complete QOL, height, weight, and covariate data. Mean (SD preference scores were 0.846 (0.160, 0.796 (0.237, and 0.806 (0.161 for the HUI2, HUI3, and FT, respectively. After adjusting for age, sex, blood glucose and insulin, Tanner stage, race/ethnicity, family history of diabetes, and educational attainment, children with severe obesity (>99% had significantly lower preference scores compared to normal weight on all three instruments (HUI2 P=0.013; HUI3 P=0.025; and FT P<0.001. Obese and severe obese categories were significantly associated with lower HUI2 functional ratings in the mobility domain and with lower HUI3 functional ratings in the speech domain.

  12. Ningxia’s Long March to Progress

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    The northwestern autonomous region thrives on a system of minority autonomy october 25 will mark the 50th anniversary of the establishment of the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region. Located in northwest China, Ningxia covers an area of 66,400 square km. It has a population of 6 million, of which 35 percent are Hui people.

  13. The Health Utilities Index (HUI®: concepts, measurement properties and applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Horsman John

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This is a review of the Health Utilities Index (HUI® multi-attribute health-status classification systems, and single- and multi-attribute utility scoring systems. HUI refers to both HUI Mark 2 (HUI2 and HUI Mark 3 (HUI3 instruments. The classification systems provide compact but comprehensive frameworks within which to describe health status. The multi-attribute utility functions provide all the information required to calculate single-summary scores of health-related quality of life (HRQL for each health state defined by the classification systems. The use of HUI in clinical studies for a wide variety of conditions in a large number of countries is illustrated. HUI provides comprehensive, reliable, responsive and valid measures of health status and HRQL for subjects in clinical studies. Utility scores of overall HRQL for patients are also used in cost-utility and cost-effectiveness analyses. Population norm data are available from numerous large general population surveys. The widespread use of HUI facilitates the interpretation of results and permits comparisons of disease and treatment outcomes, and comparisons of long-term sequelae at the local, national and international levels.

  14. Laat je niet verrassen

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    drs. Frans van den Reep

    2014-01-01

    1e alinea column: Natuurlijk is technologie leuk. Natuurlijk is het fijn als je in een warm huis thuiskomt omdat je smartphone eerder via plaatsbepaling heeft vastgesteld dat je op weg naar huis bent en via het M2M internet de verwarming vast heeft aangezet. Ik zie heel veel praktische, nuttige en s

  15. Monday Morning Among the Muslims

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ADAM; MOORMAN

    2011-01-01

    Heat,history and culture of the Hui ethnic group—those are the three things first coming to mind when I think of Xi’an,capital city of northwest China’s Shaanxi Province.The Hui people are Xi’an’s native Muslim population

  16. Laat je niet verrassen

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Reep, Frans van der

    2014-01-01

    1e alinea column: Natuurlijk is technologie leuk. Natuurlijk is het fijn als je in een warm huis thuiskomt omdat je smartphone eerder via plaatsbepaling heeft vastgesteld dat je op weg naar huis bent en via het M2M internet de verwarming vast heeft aangezet. Ik zie heel veel praktische, nuttige en s

  17. ATLAS: Adjuvant Tamoxifen Longer Against Shorter

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-09-01

    tamoxifen duration in early breast cancer Davies C Peto R Gray R 3rd Portuguese -Brazilian Mastology Congress - Recife, Brazil November 1996 ATLAS: An...van Leeuwenhoek Huis Oficina ATLAS (Espana) Inst. Portugues de Oncologia Antoninlvan Leeuwenhoek HuisCEPSS - FPT Av. Bissaia Barreto Plesmanlaan 121

  18. Sex and the City

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Scheen, L.M.

    2006-01-01

    Mian Mian pouring beer on Wei Hui’s head in a Shanghai bar; Wei Hui baring her breasts at a press conference; threats on the Internet – self-labelled Beauty Writers Mian Mian and Wei Hui fear no accusations in their public catfight over alleged plagiarism in turn-of-the-century Shanghai. The rivalry

  19. Baseline comparison of three health utility measures and the feeling thermometer among participants in the action to control cardiovascular risk in diabetes trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raisch Dennis W

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Health utility (HU measures are used as overall measures of quality of life and to determine quality adjusted life years (QALYs in economic analyses. We compared baseline values of three HUs including Short Form 6 Dimensions (SF-6D, and Health Utilities Index, Mark II and Mark III (HUI2 and HUI3 and the feeling thermometer (FT among type 2 diabetes participants in the Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes (ACCORD trial. We assessed relationships between HU and FT values and patient demographics and clinical variables. Methods ACCORD was a randomized clinical trial to test if intensive controls of glucose, blood pressure and lipids can reduce the risk of major cardiovascular disease (CVD events in type 2 diabetes patients with high risk of CVD. The health-related quality of life (HRQOL sub-study includes 2,053 randomly selected participants. Interclass correlations (ICCs and agreement between measures by quartile were used to evaluate relationships between HU’s and the FT. Multivariable regression models specified relationships between patient variables and each HU and the FT. Results The ICCs were 0.245 for FT/SF-6D, 0.313 for HUI3/SF-6D, 0.437 for HUI2/SF-6D, 0.338 for FT/HUI2, 0.337 for FT/HUI3 and 0.751 for HUI2/HUI3 (P P P  Conclusions The agreements between the different HUs were poor except for the two HUI measures; therefore HU values derived different measures may not be comparable. The FT had low agreement with HUs. The relationships between HUs and demographic and clinical measures demonstrate how severity of diabetes and other clinical and demographic factors are associated with HUs and FT measures. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00000620

  20. Pyongyangi leedi Macbeth tõmbab niite Põhja-Koreas / Yuriko Koike

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koike, Yuriko

    2010-01-01

    Põhja-Korea liidri Kim Jong-il'i õest Kim Kyong-hui'st. Autori, Jaapani endise kaitseministri väitel on hakatud uskuma, et Kim Jong-il võib igal hetkel määrata just Kim Kyong-hui üleminekuaja valitsejaks, kes peab korraldama tema surma järel kolmanda põlvkonna Kimi võimuletuleku, kuid Kim Kyong-hui võib ise ihata saada Kim Jong-ili mantlipärijaks

  1. A Brief Introduction to Ningxia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    <正>Set up in 1958, the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region,Ningxia for short, is one of China’s five ethnic minority autonomous regions and the only provincial-level autonomous region of the Hui ethnic. Located on the upper reaches of the Yellow River,it covers an area of 66,400 square kilometers and has a population of 6.39 million,35.4% of them being of Hui origin. Under its jurisdiction are five prefecture-level cities, namely Yinchuan,Shizuishan, Wuzhong,

  2. Pyongyangi leedi Macbeth tõmbab niite Põhja-Koreas / Yuriko Koike

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koike, Yuriko

    2010-01-01

    Põhja-Korea liidri Kim Jong-il'i õest Kim Kyong-hui'st. Autori, Jaapani endise kaitseministri väitel on hakatud uskuma, et Kim Jong-il võib igal hetkel määrata just Kim Kyong-hui üleminekuaja valitsejaks, kes peab korraldama tema surma järel kolmanda põlvkonna Kimi võimuletuleku, kuid Kim Kyong-hui võib ise ihata saada Kim Jong-ili mantlipärijaks

  3. Regulatory link between steryl ester formation and hydrolysis in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ploier, Birgit; Korber, Martina; Schmidt, Claudia; Koch, Barbara; Leitner, Erich; Daum, Günther

    2015-07-01

    Steryl esters and triacylglycerols are the major storage lipids of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Steryl esters are formed in the endoplasmic reticulum by the two acyl-CoA:sterol acyltransferases Are1p and Are2p, whereas steryl ester hydrolysis is catalyzed by the three steryl ester hydrolases Yeh1p, Yeh2p and Tgl1p. To shed light on the regulatory link between steryl ester formation and hydrolysis in the maintenance of cellular sterol and free fatty acid levels we employed yeast mutants which lacked the enzymes catalyzing the degradation of steryl esters. These studies revealed feedback regulation of steryl ester formation by steryl ester hydrolysis although in a Δtgl1Δyehyeh2 triple mutant the gene expression levels of ARE1 and ARE2 as well as protein levels and stability of Are1p and Are2p were not altered. Nevertheless, the capacity of the triple mutant to synthesize steryl esters was significantly reduced as shown by in vitro and in vivo labeling of lipids with [(14)C]oleic acid and [(14)C]acetate. Enzymatic analysis revealed that inhibition of steryl ester formation occurred at the enzyme level. As the amounts and the formation of sterols and fatty acids were also decreased in the triple mutant we concluded that defects in steryl ester hydrolysis also caused feedback inhibition on the formation of sterols and fatty acids which serve as precursors for steryl ester formation. In summary, this study demonstrates a regulatory link within the steryl ester metabolic network which contributes to non-polar lipid homeostasis in yeast cells.

  4. Proceedings of Neurotox 󈨜, Molecular Basis of Drug and Pesticide Action (3rd) Held in Bath, England on April 10-15, 1988

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-06-01

    Irving , S. and Olsen, R.W. (1985) Locust ganglia contain [ 3H]flunitrazepam binding sites. Biochem. Soc. Trans. 13, 716-717. 15 Robinson, T.M., MacAllan...channel inactiva- tion: separate sites for the action of grayanotoxin and tetramethrin. Brain Res. in press. 44 Kirsch , G.E., Yeh, J.Z., Farley, J.M...target receptors is specific and can occur at very low concentrations of ligand. Irving [13], for example. observed pyrethroid induced miniature

  5. Laser Covariance Vibrometry for Unsymmetrical Mode Detection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-09-01

    machine failure (currently termed “health monitoring ”). Changes in motor or journal bearings PSD’s 11Spectral elimination / reduction (phase averaging) is...ENY, Wright Patterson AFB OH 45433 – 7321, Dec 2004. AFITDSENY04-9. 91. Yariv, Amnon and Poci Yeh. Optical Waves in Crystals, Propagation and Control...WORK UNIT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER 9. SPONSORING / MONITORING

  6. Trees as Filters of Radioactive Fallout from the Chernobyl Accident

    CERN Document Server

    Brownridge, James D

    2011-01-01

    This paper is a copy of an unpublished study of the filtering effect of red maple trees (acer rubrum) on fission product fallout near Binghamton, NY, USA following the 1986 Chernobyl accident. The conclusions of this work may offer some insight into what is happening in the forests exposed to fallout from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Plant accident. This posting is in memory of Noel K. Yeh.

  7. Analysis of Investigational Drugs in Biological Fluids - Method Development and Routine Assay

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-08-14

    by parasites , including tropical or subtropical zones with drug-resistant forms, the U.S. Army needs to organize programs so that highly active and...has developed resistance towards a number of insecticides widely used for vector control. But, the more alarming reason is that the malarial parasite ...qinghaosu). Planta Med. 1985, 5, 445-6. 47 Brossi A; Venugopalan B; Dominguez Gerpe L; Yeh HIj; Flippen- Anderson JL; Buchs P; Luo XD; Milhous W

  8. DDJC-Sharpe Defense Distribution Depot: FEMWATER 3D Transport Model of TCE Plume Migration with Natural Attenuation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-03-01

    the Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant , Paducah , Kentucky. Jacobs Environmental Management, Kevil, KY. Lin, H. J., Richards, D. R., Yeh, J., Cheng J...a. Molecular diffusion of TCE, (3.87e - 05 ft2/hr), was practically negligible, but was included for completeness (Jacobs EM Team (1998)). b...Barbara.P.Donnell@erdc.usace.army.mil). REFERENCES Cussler, E. L. (1997). Diffusion – Mass transfer in fluid systems. 2nd ed., Cambridge University Press, 580 pp

  9. Managing Workload in Human-Robot Interaction: A Review of Empirical Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    systems, have the highest possible frame rate and augment the system with cues to another sensory modality (e.g., hearing, tactile ). If speed is...distance in virtual environments. Presence, 7(2), 144–167. *Yeh, M., & Wickens, C. D. (2001). Display signaling in augmented reality : Effects of cue...a bit, the results on FOV are mixed , but do suggest higher levels of performance with wide to moderate FOV over one more narrow. A potential downside

  10. Investigations of Magnetosphere-Ionosphere Coupling Relevant to Operational Systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-02-01

    time and magnetic activity has been insestigated over to work with, many workers make the assumption of a steady the Nears (among others, Starkov and...Gussenhoven, M. S., D. A. Hardy, F. Rich, V. J. Burke, and H.-C. Yeh. Starkov , G. V., and Y. I. Feldstein, Variations of auroral o\\,al zone bound- High-level... Starkov , and Y. 1. Feldstein, Influences of the inter- IReceised August 4, 1986; planetary magnetic field on the auroral dynamics. Planet. Space Sc

  11. The Sino-Soviet Rivalry and Chinese Security Debate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-10-01

    Victories," Hongqi, No. 15, 16 August 1981, in FBIS- China, 17 September 1981, pp. K10-K23. Sterba , James P., "China’s Army Follows New Marching Orders...provocative and original. Discussions with Rand colleagues Paul Langer, Norman Levin, James Thomson, and K. C. Yeh have also proved very helpful in shap- ing...Parks, 1980; Butterfield, 1980b; Butterfield, 1981; Sterba , 1981. 33 has also been unhappy about the severe downgrading of Mao Zedong’s historical

  12. Diffusion Tensor Imaging and Its Application to Traumatic Brain Injury: Basic Principles and Recent Advances

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-01

    USA 4Center for Neuroscience and Regenerative Medicine, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, USA Email: *pinghongyeh...ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences,Center for Neuroscience and Regenerative Medicine,Bethesda,MD...unclassified Standard Form 298 (Rev. 8-98) Prescribed by ANSI Std Z39-18 P.-H. YEH ET AL. 138 Sports-related TBI, particularly in football and

  13. Plasma Synthesis and Sintering of Advanced Ceramics

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-09-15

    glow discharge, corona discharge, RF or microwave discharge, etc.) and the electron concentration in the plasma are important. The efficiency of... corona discharge, and the low pressure capacitively or inductively coupled RF discharge. It is probable that a low pressure microwave discharge would also...Rhodes, "Agglomerate and Particle Size Effects on Sintering Yttria- Stabilized Zirconia ", J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 64 [1] 19-22 (1981). 4. T. S. Yeh and M

  14. Radon-222 in the lunar atmosphere.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brodzinski, R. L.

    1972-01-01

    In 1969 Yeh and Van Allen set upper limits for the alpha-particle emissivity of the moon. The equilibrium surface activity reported by Turkevich et al. (1970) for each alpha active Rn-222 daughter at Mare Tranquillitatis cannot be reconciled with existing diffusion theory. The data, therefore, suggest that earth based diffusion constants are not applicable in the vacuum conditions of the moon, or that there are substantial variations in the uranium content of the moon over relatively small distances.

  15. Quasi-Analytic Model of OTHR Clutter from Equatorial Bubbles in the Ionosphere

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-02-27

    raytrace code developed to study OTH radar clutter is based on the theory provided by Hazelgrove [1954], Yeh and Liu [1972], Jones and Stephenson [1975... radar (OTHR) sky wave becomes Doppler shifted because the ionosphere through which the radio rays are propagating changes. One source of these changes...trace computations to yield predictions for Doppler shifts in the unstable ionosphere. 15. SUBJECT TERMS Over-the-horizon radar Computer model of the

  16. Efficient Methods of Estimating the Operating Characteristics of Item Response Categories and Challenge to a New Model for the Multiple-Choice Item

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-11-01

    directions of future research. This final report has been completed with the dedicated assistantship by Paul S. Changas, Charles MeCarter, Shiao-Yung Chen...others, Paul S. Changas, C. I. Bonnie Chen, Philip S. Livingston, Charles T. McCarter, Melanie Perkins, Robert L. Trestman and I Ching-Chan Yeh have... Lazarsfeld ( Lazarsfeld , 1959) and others as a theory of social attitude measurement in the area of sociology, and also by the work accomplished by Rasch

  17. The use of Optical Magnetic Twisting Cytometry and Flourescence Resonance Energy Transfer to quantify force-induced protein dissociation in the nucleus of a living cell

    OpenAIRE

    sprotocols

    2015-01-01

    Authors: Yeh-Chuin Poh & Ning Wang ### Abstract Mechanical forces are known to play a significant role in biological processes. These forces can be transmitted to the cell through the cytoskeletal filament network, inducing different biochemical responses within the cytoplasm. Although there have been ample reports showing that cytoplasmic enzymes can be directly activated by a local stress on the cell surface via integrins, there has been no evidence that mechanical forces can di...

  18. The Lessons of East Asian Development and Alternative Development Strategies for Hainan

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    34 in Y. L. Wu and K. C. Yeh (eds.), Growth, Distribution, and Social Change: Essays on The Economy of The Republic of China , Occasional Papers, School...was supported by a grant from the National Research Center for Science and Technology for Development, People’s Republic of China . The RAND...Technology for Development, People’s Republic of China Accesion IFor NTIS CR.,-&! OTtC lA*ý •I, Justi ficjtion By

  19. Security Enhanced User Authentication Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks Using Elliptic Curves Cryptography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Younsung Choi

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Wireless sensor networks (WSNs consist of sensors, gateways and users. Sensors are widely distributed to monitor various conditions, such as temperature, sound, speed and pressure but they have limited computational ability and energy. To reduce the resource use of sensors and enhance the security of WSNs, various user authentication protocols have been proposed. In 2011, Yeh et al. first proposed a user authentication protocol based on elliptic curve cryptography (ECC for WSNs. However, it turned out that Yeh et al.’s protocol does not provide mutual authentication, perfect forward secrecy, and key agreement between the user and sensor. Later in 2013, Shi et al. proposed a new user authentication protocol that improves both security and efficiency of Yeh et al.’s protocol. However, Shi et al.’s improvement introduces other security weaknesses. In this paper, we show that Shi et al.’s improved protocol is vulnerable to session key attack, stolen smart card attack, and sensor energy exhausting attack. In addition, we propose a new, security-enhanced user authentication protocol using ECC for WSNs.

  20. Security enhanced user authentication protocol for wireless sensor networks using elliptic curves cryptography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Younsung; Lee, Donghoon; Kim, Jiye; Jung, Jaewook; Nam, Junghyun; Won, Dongho

    2014-06-10

    Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) consist of sensors, gateways and users. Sensors are widely distributed to monitor various conditions, such as temperature, sound, speed and pressure but they have limited computational ability and energy. To reduce the resource use of sensors and enhance the security of WSNs, various user authentication protocols have been proposed. In 2011, Yeh et al. first proposed a user authentication protocol based on elliptic curve cryptography (ECC) for WSNs. However, it turned out that Yeh et al.'s protocol does not provide mutual authentication, perfect forward secrecy, and key agreement between the user and sensor. Later in 2013, Shi et al. proposed a new user authentication protocol that improves both security and efficiency of Yeh et al.'s protocol. However, Shi et al.'s improvement introduces other security weaknesses. In this paper, we show that Shi et al.'s improved protocol is vulnerable to session key attack, stolen smart card attack, and sensor energy exhausting attack. In addition, we propose a new, security-enhanced user authentication protocol using ECC for WSNs.

  1. People's Exisitence is Determined by Existence of Social Comments——An Original Interpretation of Bai Juyi's To a Gentleman and Jean-Paul Sartre's Huis Clos%人的存在决定于社会评价的存在——白居易诗《赠君一法决狐疑》与萨特戏剧《间隔》的另一种解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚艳芳; 陈荣庆

    2008-01-01

    自居易诗和萨特剧所阐释思想的依据,是认为人的存在就是社会评价的存在.人的社会评价性存在又引申出人的存在的无限性与有限性特征:一方面,可以不断丰富发展从而使人生表现出无限可能.展示人生的精彩;另一方面.由于自然、社会、人自身的种种限制,人的无限性又不能完全发挥,显示人生的无奈.

  2. 城镇化下保留“根性家园”本底的传统村落村庄规划技术实践--青海高海拔浅山区洪水泉回族村%The Village Planning Technical Practice of Traditional Villages to Keep the “Root-Home”Features under Urbanization --Hongshuiquan Village of the Hui nationality in High Altitude Shallow Mountain Areas in Qinghai Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于洋; 陈景衡; 刘加平

    2014-01-01

    洪水泉村庄规划是农村城镇化进程中,针对拥有典型历史文化遗存的传统村落的一次规划理念、规划技术、建筑设计和乡土景观的全面探索。本文总结了规划和示范建筑设计的新理念和核心内容,并提出规划技术实践为传统村落发展的应对。%In the process of urbanization, Hongshuiquan Vil age Planning is a comprehensive exploration in the field of planning theory, planning technical, architecture design and vernacular landscape focused on traditional vil ages with historical and cultural heritage. This paper summarized the main content and new concept of vil age planning and demonstration building design, and put forward the planning technical practice to deal with the development of traditional vil ages.

  3. 在寻找自己民族历史和美学品格的道路上--试论当代回族长篇佳作《穆斯林的葬礼》与《穆斯林的儿女们》%Remarks on Sons and Daughters of Muslim Chinese and Funeral of Muslim Chinese: Two Novels by Writer of Hui Nationality

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王锋; 陈冬梅

    2002-01-01

    沿着新时期回族文学发展的大河溯流而上,我们就会发现,在当代回族文学创作中,从人类生命本体论出发去写人的生存状态和生命状态的又一表现,就是《穆斯林的葬礼》和《穆斯林的儿女们》一类作品的审美取向和文本范式.

  4. Assessment of farmers' sustainable livelihoods and future strategies on the Loess Plateau:Based on a survey of 1076 farmers in Yan'an City in Shaanxi Province and Guyuan City in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region%黄土高原农户可持续生计评估及未来生计策略——基于陕西延安市和宁夏固原市1076户农户调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汤青; 徐勇; 李扬

    2013-01-01

    农户可持续生计问题是黄土高原自实施生态退耕政策以来备受关注的关键科学问题之一.通过构建可持续生计效益评价模型,对农户可持续生计效益进行了分级评价,并分析了不同类型农户的可持续生计效益差异.结果表明:①具有较高可持续生计效益指数的农户生计收入构成趋向于多元化,不同生计策略收入所占比重也趋向平均化,而生计效益指数较低的农户主要依赖于外出打工、卖粮菜等个别生计策略;②各类型农户的人均生计效益指数和人均年收入排序呈现出:发展果园型>做小生意型>外出打工型>大棚种植型>舍饲养殖型.基于可持续生计效益评价并结合主体功能区战略,提出4种黄土高原未来生计策略:①推进人口城镇化,有序引导生态脆弱地区人口外迁;②促进农地流转,扩大农业生产规模;③拓展生计策略,增强收入来源多样性;④加强技术培训,提高农户非农生计可持续性.%Farmers' sustainable livelihoods have been one of the key issues that deserve the attention from the public since the ecological restoration policy was implemented on the Loess Plateau. Under the background of propelling the formation of major functional zones, the assessment of farmers' sustainable livelihoods is an important premise for ecological restoration and protection as well as the regional sustainable development. By establishing a benefit-assessment model, this paper evaluates and grades the benefits of farmers' sustainable livelihoods, and assesses the differences between the benefits for different types of farmers. The results are shown as follows: The livelihoods income of the fanners with high livelihoods benefit index are generated by diversified livelihood strategies, and the incomes by different strategies tend to share nearly averaged proportions, however, those with low livelihoods benefit index mainly rely on a particular strategy such as going out to work or selling grain and vegetables. Ranking of livelihood benefit index per capita and annual income per capita of farmers of different types is shown as such: developing orchard > doing small business > going out to work > greenhouse planting> raising livestock. Based on the assessment of sustainable livelihoods benefits and the strategy of major functional zones, we put forward future livelihoods strategies for the Loess Plateau in four directions: (1) Impelling population urbanization, guiding the population gradual migration out of ecologically fragile areas; (2) Propelling rural land circulation, enlarging the scale of agricultural production; (3) Promoting livelihood strategies, diversifying the sources of fanners' incomes; (4) Enhancing the technical training, improving the sustain-ability of farmers' non-agricultural livelihoods.

  5. Biological synopsises for three exotic molluscs, manila clam (Venerupis philippinarum), Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) and Japanese scallop (Mizuhopecten yessoensis) licensed for aquaculture in British Columbia: Sommaires biologiques pour trois mollusques exotiques, palourde Japonaise (Venerupis philippinarum), huître creuse du Pacifique (Crassostrea gigas) et pétoncle Japonais (Mizuhopecten yessoensis) pour lesquels on a accordé un permis d'aquaculture en Colombie-Britannique

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Gillespie, G.E; Bower, S.M; Marcus, K.L; Kieser, D

    2012-01-01

    ...: Manila clam, Pacific oyster and Japanese scallop. The synopses are designed to meet the information needs for risk assessment under the National Code on Introductions and Transfers of Aquatic Organisms...

  6. Pilk video homsesse päeva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Digivideo kipub uputama kogu internetti. Carnegie Melloni ülikooli IT-teadlase Hui Zhangi arvates võiksid päästerõngaks osutuda partnervõrgud. Artikkel üldpealkirja all: 10 tulevikutehnoloogiat 2007

  7. Rembrandt Goethe kogust

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    Rembrandti majamuuseum Amsterdamis Rembrandt-Huis tähistab Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 250. sünniaastapäeva 18. juulini avatud 17. sajandi hollandi graafika väljapanekuga "Goethe ja Rembrandt. Joonistused Weimarist"

  8. Koopia originaali ja camp'i vahel / Harry Liivrand

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Liivrand, Harry, 1961-

    2001-01-01

    Brasiilia-ameerika fotograafi Vik Muniz'e (s. 1961 Brasiilias, elab USA-s) fotonäitus "Virtuoos, kellest sai fotograaf" Amsterdamis Huis Marseille's. Fotograaf reprodutseerib toiduainete, majapidamistarvete ja prahiga koopiaid kunstiteostest, mille hiljem pildistab

  9. Rembrandt Goethe kogust

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    Rembrandti majamuuseum Amsterdamis Rembrandt-Huis tähistab Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 250. sünniaastapäeva 18. juulini avatud 17. sajandi hollandi graafika väljapanekuga "Goethe ja Rembrandt. Joonistused Weimarist"

  10. Disease: H00402 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available H00402 Severe acute respiratory syndrome; SARS Severe acute respiratory syndrome (S...sons learned from other coronaviruses. Viral Immunol 16:461-74 (2003) PMID:20674795 (description) Hui DS, Chan PK Severe

  11. Art on Rock

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    With sprawling deserts and serene lakes, the natural wonders of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region have never failed totake the breath away from visitors. The areahas another major attraction, though: the Helan Mountain rock engravings.

  12. Koopia originaali ja camp'i vahel / Harry Liivrand

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Liivrand, Harry, 1961-

    2001-01-01

    Brasiilia-ameerika fotograafi Vik Muniz'e (s. 1961 Brasiilias, elab USA-s) fotonäitus "Virtuoos, kellest sai fotograaf" Amsterdamis Huis Marseille's. Fotograaf reprodutseerib toiduainete, majapidamistarvete ja prahiga koopiaid kunstiteostest, mille hiljem pildistab

  13. Virginia koolimõrvar oli tähelepandamatu / Neeme Raud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raud, Neeme, 1969-

    2007-01-01

    USA ajaloo ohvriterohkeima koolimõrva korraldas 23-aastane lõunakorealane Cho Seung-Hui, kes õppis Virginia tehnikaülikoolis. Lisad: Ohvriterohked koolitulistamised. Virginia tehnikaülikooli linnak

  14. Finding Their Voice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Public polling is progressing rapidly in China as the government begins using constituent surveys to appraise itself zhang Hui, a director at leading opinion research firm Horizon Research Group, still recalls her

  15. TOURISM INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Ice Lanterns in Yinchuan Ice lanterns and sculptures, fireworks and swarms of people created a bustling winter travel scene in Yinchuan, capital of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, at the opening of the China Ningxia Urban and Rural Travel Festival.

  16. Virginia koolimõrvar oli tähelepandamatu / Neeme Raud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raud, Neeme, 1969-

    2007-01-01

    USA ajaloo ohvriterohkeima koolimõrva korraldas 23-aastane lõunakorealane Cho Seung-Hui, kes õppis Virginia tehnikaülikoolis. Lisad: Ohvriterohked koolitulistamised. Virginia tehnikaülikooli linnak

  17. Art on Rock

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HU YUE

    2010-01-01

    @@ With sprawling deserts and serene lakes, the natural wonders of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region have never failed to take the breath away from visitors. The area has another major attraction, though: the Helan Mountain rock engravings.

  18. Le Collège de France cinq siècles de libre recherche

    CERN Document Server

    Compagnon, Antoine; Scheid, John; Surprenant, Céline

    2015-01-01

    Antoine Compagnon, Pierre Corvol et John Scheid nous invitent à un voyage dans les coulisses de cet établissement unique au monde et qui continue, aujourd'hui encore, d'allier tradition et modernité.

  19. Linxia:Chinese Mecca

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture is located in the northwest Gansu Province. Linxia used to be a strategically important town on the conjunction of ancient Silk Road, Tang Dynasty-Ancient Tibet Passage and Gansu-Sichuan Official

  20. Palmyra Atoll - Corallimorph Control 2014

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This is an ongoing project with many stages. The first stage included the removal of the Hui Feng No. 1 ship wreck, which was completed in January 2014. The second...

  1. Pilk video homsesse päeva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Digivideo kipub uputama kogu internetti. Carnegie Melloni ülikooli IT-teadlase Hui Zhangi arvates võiksid päästerõngaks osutuda partnervõrgud. Artikkel üldpealkirja all: 10 tulevikutehnoloogiat 2007

  2. Riches of the Mind

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Ningxia is pumping money into education as a way out of poverty A ugust 14 was registration day at Liupanshan Senior High School (Liupanshan SHS). Ma Li, a 16-year-old student from the Hui ethnic group, was one of the smart newcomers to the high-quality school, which is only open to good students from the povertystricken central and southern mountainous areas of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region.

  3. Imaging-based evaluation of liver function: comparison of {sup 99m}Tc-mebrofenin hepatobiliary scintigraphy and Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Geisel, Dominik; Gebauer, Bernhard [Charite Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Berlin (Germany); Luedemann, Lutz [Essen University Hospital, Department of Medical Physics, Essen (Germany); Froeling, Vera; Denecke, Timm [Charite Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Berlin (Germany); Charite Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Berlin (Germany); Malinowski, Maciej; Stockmann, Martin; Baron, Annekathrin; Seehofer, Daniel [Charite Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Department of General, Visceral and Thoracic Surgery, Berlin (Germany); Prasad, Vikas [Charite Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Berlin (Germany)

    2015-05-01

    To compare Gd-EOB-enhanced MRI and {sup 99m}Tc-mebrofenin hepatobiliary scintigraphy (HBS) as imaging-based liver function tests for separate evaluation of right (RLL) and left liver lobe (LLL) function. Fourteen patients underwent Gd-EOB-enhanced MRI and {sup 99m}Tc-mebrofenin HBS after portal vein embolization within 24 h. Relative enhancement (RE) and hepatic uptake index (HUI) were determined from MRI; and T{sub max}, T{sub 1/2} and mebrofenin uptake were determined from HBS, all values separately for RLL and LLL. Mebrofenin uptake correlated significantly with HUI and RE for both liver lobes. There was strong correlation of mebrofenin uptake with HUI for RLL (r{sup 2} = 0.802, p = 0.001) and RE for LLL (r{sup 2} = 0.704, p = 0.005) and moderate correlation with HUI for LLL (r{sup 2} = 0.560, p = 0.037) and RE for RLL (r{sup 2} = 0.620, p = 0.018). Correlating the percentage share of RLL function derived from MRI (with HUI) with the percentage of RLL function derived from mebrofenin uptake revealed a strong correlation (r{sup 2} = 0.775, p = 0.002). Both RE and HUI correlate with mebrofenin uptake in HBS. The results suggest that Gd-EOB-enhanced MRI and {sup 99m}Tc-mebrofenin HBS may equally be used to separately determine right and left liver lobe function. (orig.)

  4. HUITWU:An Efficient Algorithm for High-Utility Itemset Mining in Transaction Databases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shi-Ming Guo; Hong Gao

    2016-01-01

    Mining high-utility itemsets (HUIs) from a transaction database refers to the discovery of itemsets with high utilities like profits. Most of existing studies discover HUIs from a transaction database in two phases. In phase 1, different overestimation methods are applied to calculate the upper bounds of the utilities of itemsets. Since the overestimated utilities of itemsets are adopted, the itemsets whose overestimated utilities are no less than a user-specified threshold are selected as candidate HUIs, and they are verified by scanning the database one more time in phase 2. However, a large number of candidate HUIs incur two problems: 1) it requires excessive memory to store these candidates;2) it needs a large amount of running time to calculate their exact utilities. Vertical data format has been applied to mine HUIs recently. However this kind of method cannot deal with transactions with the same items effectively so that the size of database cannot be reduced sufficiently. The overall performance of algorithms is degraded consequently. Thus an algorithm HUITWU is proposed in this paper for mining HUIs. A novel data structure HUITWU-Tree is adopted to efficiently calculate the utilities of itemsets in a database. Extensive studies with both sparse and dense datasets have demonstrated that our proposed algorithm is more than an order of magnitude faster and consumes less memory than the state-of-the-art algorithms.

  5. Do visual analogue scale (VAS derived standard gamble (SG utilities agree with Health Utilities Index utilities? A comparison of patient and community preferences for health status in rheumatoid arthritis patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anis Aslam H

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Assessment of Health Related Quality of Life (HRQL has become increasingly important and various direct and indirect methods and instruments have been devised to measure it. In direct methods such as Visual Analog Scale (VAS and Standard Gamble (SG, respondent both assesses and values health states therefore the final score reflects patient's preferences. In indirect methods such as multi-attribute health status classification systems, the patient provides the assessment of a health state and then a multi-attribute utility function is used for evaluation of the health state. Because these functions have been estimated using valuations of general population, the final score reflects community's preferences. The objective of this study is to assess the agreement between community preferences derived from the Health Utilities Index Mark 2 (HUI2 and Mark 3 (HUI3 systems, and patient preferences. Methods Visual analog scale (VAS and HUI scores were obtained from a sample of 320 rheumatoid arthritis patients. VAS scores were adjusted for end-aversion bias and transformed to standard gamble (SG utility scores using 8 different power conversion formulas reported in other studies. Individual level agreement between SG utilities and HUI2 and HUI3 utilities was assessed using the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC. Group level agreement was assessed by comparing group means using the paired t-test. Results After examining all 8 different SG estimates, the ICC (95% confidence interval between SG and HUI2 utilities ranged from 0.45 (0.36 to 0.54 to 0.55 (0.47 to 0.62. The ICC between SG and HUI3 utilities ranged from 0.45 (0.35 to 0.53 to 0.57 (0.49 to 0.64. The mean differences between SG and HUI2 utilities ranged from 0.10 (0.08 to 0.12 to 0.22 (0.20 to 0.24. The mean differences between SG and HUI3 utilities ranged from 0.18 (0.16 to 0.2 to 0.28 (0.26 to 0.3. Conclusion At the individual level, patient and community preferences

  6. Woman Sends Regards to Family and the Loess Plateau

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1995-01-01

    WITH a population of ouer 8 million, the Hui nationality liue ouer the largest area of any other minority nationality in China. The Hui reside in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, Gansu, Shaanxi, Guizhou, Henan, Qinghai, Yunnan, Hebei, and Shandong provinces, the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, and the Beijing and Tianjin municipalities.The origin of the Hui people can be traced back to the end of the seventh century, when Arabs and Persians often came to do trade in China along the ancient Silk Road. Some stayed on and started families. Their children have been traced to Guangzhou and Quanzhou. At the beginning of the 13th century, more Arabs, Persian and people from Central Asia came to China, where they married into the Han, the Uygur and the Mongolian nationalities. Gradually a new nationality—the Hui—was formed.With the founding of New China in 1949, the NingxJa Hui Autonomous Region was established. The industrial and agricultural output in the region in 1990 was 12 times that in 1957, when t

  7. Changes in the spatial scale of Beijing UHI and urban development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YU Shuqiu; BIAN Lingen; LIN Xuechun

    2005-01-01

    The seasonal and interannual variations of Beijing urban heat island (UHI) are investigated in this paper using the temperature data from 1960 to 2000 at 20 meteorological stations in the Beijing region, and then the relationship between the intensity and spatial scale of UHI and Beijing urbanization indices is analyzed and discussed. Main conclusions are the followings. First, Beijing UHI shows obvious seasonal variations, and it is strongest in winter, next in spring and autumn, and least in summer. The seasonal variation of the UHI mainly occurs in the urban area. The UHI intensity at the center of Beijing is more than 0.8℃ in winter, and only 0.5℃ in summer. Second, the intensity of Beijing HUI exhibits a clear interannual warming trend with its mean growth rate (MGR) being 0.3088℃/10 a. The MGR of HUI is largest in winter, next in spring and autumn, and least in summer, and the urban temperature increase makes a major contribution to the growth of HUI intensity. Third, since the Reform and Opening, the urbanization indices have grown several ten times or even one hundred times, the intensity of HUI has increased dramatically, and its spatial scale also expanded distinctively along with the expansion of urban architectural complexes. Fourth, the interannual variation of urbanization indices is very similar with that of HUI intensity, and their linear correlation coefficients are significant at a more than 0.001 confidence level.

  8. Green tea in dermatology--myths and facts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zink, Alexander; Traidl-Hoffmann, Claudia

    2015-08-01

    Green tea consumption has a long tradition in Asian countries--especially China. The epidemiologically and experimentally observed anticarcinogenic and antiinflammatory effects of green tea have led to the implementation of green tea extracts in multiple therapeutic applications - both in dermatological and cosmeceutical preparations. The most abundant evidence exists for the anticarcinogenic and chemopreventive effect of green tea or its major constituent epigallocatechin-3-gallate. Almost equally evident is the effect in infectious diseases such as cutaneous viral infections. For external genital warts, a topical ointment with green tea extracts was licensed in the USA in 2010, and recently also in Europe. Experimental evidence pinpointing the block of central signal transduction factors in inflammatory mechanisms has led to the evaluation of catechins in inflammatory disorders such as atopic dermatitis. The belief of green tea as a "wonder weapon" against diseases dates back thousands of years. According to a Chinese legend, ancient Emperor Shen Nung noted a delightful aroma after some leaves of a nearby tree had fallen into boiling water. He immediately proclaimed the new "drink" as "heaven-sent", starting the belief - persisting until today - of green tea as a medication from nature against many different diseases. This review summarizes biological effects and clinical implications of green tea.

  9. Endocannabinoid immune and vascular signaling

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    George B STEFANO

    2000-01-01

    @@HISTORY Hemp has been cultivated for 7000 to 8000 years〔1〕. The Sumerian/Babylonian term for cannabis hemp is K (a)N(a)B(a), and it is one of the longest surviving root words in Indo-Semitic-European language. In 2700 BC, Shen Nung, a contributor to early Chinese medicine, mentions cannabis in the pharmacopoeia. Around 500 BC Zoroaster, a Persian prophet, in the Zend-Avesta, listing 10 000 medicinal plants, includes hemp. In the first century AD the Chinese begin making paper from hemp as an inexpensive means of preserving information. In 800 AD the Islamic prophet Mohammed allows cannabis use. In 1100, Moslems use cannabis to start Europe's first paper mill. In 1430 Saint Joan D'Arc is accused of using herbal drags, ie, cannabis, to hear voices. Pope Innocent VIII (1484) labels cannabis as an unholy sacrament of the Satanic mass and issues a ban on cannabis. Queen Elizabeth I (1563) and King Phillip of Spain (1564) order land owners to grow cannabis. In America, the Jamestown Colony, Virginia (1619), enacts the New World's first marijuana legislation, ordering all farmers to grow Indian hemp seed.

  10. Virtual reality simulation for the optimization of endovascular procedures: current perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rudarakanchana N

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Nung Rudarakanchana,1 Isabelle Van Herzeele,2 Liesbeth Desender,2 Nicholas JW Cheshire1 1Department of Surgery, Imperial College London, London, UK; 2Department of Thoracic and Vascular Surgery, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, BelgiumOn behalf of EVEREST (European Virtual reality Endovascular RESearch TeamAbstract: Endovascular technologies are rapidly evolving, often requiring coordination and cooperation between clinicians and technicians from diverse specialties. These multidisciplinary interactions lead to challenges that are reflected in the high rate of errors occurring during endovascular procedures. Endovascular virtual reality (VR simulation has evolved from simple benchtop devices to full physic simulators with advanced haptics and dynamic imaging and physiological controls. The latest developments in this field include the use of fully immersive simulated hybrid angiosuites to train whole endovascular teams in crisis resource management and novel technologies that enable practitioners to build VR simulations based on patient-specific anatomy. As our understanding of the skills, both technical and nontechnical, required for optimal endovascular performance improves, the requisite tools for objective assessment of these skills are being developed and will further enable the use of VR simulation in the training and assessment of endovascular interventionalists and their entire teams. Simulation training that allows deliberate practice without danger to patients may be key to bridging the gap between new endovascular technology and improved patient outcomes.Keywords: virtual reality, simulation, endovascular, aneurysm

  11. A Unifying Framework for the Problem of Adjudicating Conflicting Claims

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hougaard, Jens Leth; Moreno-Ternero, Juan D.; Østerdal, Lars Peter Raahave

    the structure of such a space. In this paper, we generalize their analysis upon presenting and studying a general family of operators inspired by three apparently unrelated approaches to the problem of adjudicating conflicting claims. We study the structural properties of this family and show, in particular......In a recent paper, Thomson and Yeh [Operators for the adjudication of conflicting claims, Journal of Economic Theory 143 (2008) 177-198] introduced the concept of operators on the space of rules for the problem of adjudicating conflicting claims. They focussed on three operators in order to uncover...

  12. The Mesosphere and Thermosphere,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-01-01

    and Joule heating (Q = J.E) and has been studied by many authors (see e.g. [40] and references therein). Testud [41] found that the efficiency of...K/day, respectively. Testud and Vasseur [611 observed a T.I.D. following a magnetic storm and noted that the ion temperature at the 300 km level rose... Testud [62] and Yeh [30] have estimated that heating rates of the order of 10 - 0 watts/m 3 (10 - 9 ergs/cm 3 sec) occur at F-region heights due

  13. 営口の巨商東盛和の倒産

    OpenAIRE

    倉橋正直

    1981-01-01

    In November 6, 1907, the Tung-shêng-hê store, based in Newchwang, an important trade port in the Northeast of China, managed by Yeh Liang-ch’ing 薬売卿 went bankrupt. This store was engaged in several kinds of business: wholesaling, finance, oil-milling, marine-transportation, tobacco processing, real estate, etc. The Tung-shêng-hê was one of the leading stores in Newchwang with trade bases in Tientsin, Shanghai, and Canton. This case of insolvency had far reaching effects and caused economic pa...

  14. Handbook of fiber optics theory and applications

    CERN Document Server

    Yeh, Chai

    2013-01-01

    Dr. Yeh supplies a firm theoretical foundation in such topics as propagation of light through fibers, fiber fabrication, loss mechanisms, and dispersion properties. He then expands from this into such practical areas as fiber splicing, measuring loss in fibers, fiber-based communications networks, remote fiber sensors, and integrated optics. Whether involved in fiber optics research, design, or practical implementation of systems, this handbook will be extremely useful.Key Features* Here is a comprehensive, ""one-stop"" reference with state-of-the-art information on fiber optics Included is da

  15. A Unifying Framework for the Problem of Adjudicating Conflicting Claims

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hougaard, Jens Leth; Moreno-Ternero, Juan D.; Østerdal, Lars Peter Raahave

    In a recent paper, Thomson and Yeh [Operators for the adjudication of conflicting claims, Journal of Economic Theory 143 (2008) 177-198] introduced the concept of operators on the space of rules for the problem of adjudicating conflicting claims. They focussed on three operators in order to uncover...... the structure of such a space. In this paper, we generalize their analysis upon presenting and studying a general family of operators inspired by three apparently unrelated approaches to the problem of adjudicating conflicting claims. We study the structural properties of this family and show, in particular...

  16. Electron Transporting Semiconductor Dielectric Intramolecular

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-27

    self-organized n-channel OSCs. The first polyimide, a class of polymers generally considered an insulator before this work, was made.( Kola ...Amine Sensing via Synergistic Responses by n and p Organic Semiconductors” Adv. Funct. Mat. 21, 4314-4319 (2011) Kola , S.; Sinha, J.; Katz, H.E...23054 (2012) Kola , S.; Tremblay, N.J.; Yeh, M.-L.; Katz, H.E.; Kirschner, S.B.; Reich, D.H. “Synthesis and Characterization of a Pyromellitic Diimide

  17. Description of Sarasaeschna kaoi sp. nov. in Taiwan, with notes on the proposed differentiating characters of the pyanan-group (Odonata, Aeshnidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeh, Wen-Chi; Lee, I-Lung; Wong, Kwok-Ching

    2015-03-04

    Sarasaeschna kaoi sp. nov. collected from Yuli, Hualien County in eastern Taiwan, is easily distinguished from all known congeners by its male having short and straight cerci. Judging from male penile structure, it is considered to belong to the pyanan-group of species and resembles in general appearance the Chinese S. zhuae described from Fujian. The only known habitat of S. kaoi is a muddy and grassy swamp in natural evergreen forest. The diagnostic characters of the pyanan-group proposed by Karube & Yeh are also discussed.

  18. Transient Effects in Turbulence Modelling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-12-01

    p. 22. 20. Ibid., pp. 106-121. 21. Yeh, Y., H. Cummins, "Localized Fluid Flow Measurement with a He-Ne Laser Spectrometer ," Appl. Phys. Letters, 4...74 NIuttu ~ ~~ D.Ot’ U xw1 wwwwww ww OOOwwOOwwQOQ M1 (h~O~ O Ch OOw nqr n N OOM **\\I 11 Or1 NN.-eu. i ico I I IIIO N 1 O Nl *^I bWWWWW .r’--.WcooI

  19. Collisions Between Britain And Ottoman Empire In Iraq Front During the World War I (1915)

    OpenAIRE

    Sakin, Serdar

    2010-01-01

    Soon after the outbreak of the World War I, 12th and 13th Army Corps as a power were settled in the Iraq front because a British campaign was not expected in this front. By the beginning of the war, British powers captured Basra in Iraq. However, these powers easily had a rapid advance from South to North because of the weakness of Ottoman Powers. Britain captured this region after defeating Ottoman Powers at the battles of Kurna, Shaibe, Amara, Nasırıyeh and Kut Al Amara. The main reason of ...

  20. Acute parietal lobe infarction presenting as Gerstmann’s syndrome and cognitive decline mimicking senile dementia

    OpenAIRE

    Chen TY; Chen CY; Yen CH; Kuo SC; Yeh YW; Chang S; Huang SY

    2013-01-01

    Tien-Yu Chen,1 Chun-Yen Chen,1,3 Che-Hung Yen,2,3 Shin-Chang Kuo,1,3 Yi-Wei Yeh,1,3 Serena Chang,1 San-Yuan Huang1,31Department of Psychiatry, 2Department of Neurology, Tri-Service General Hospital, School of Medicine, National Defense Medical Center, 3Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of ChinaAbstract: Gerstmann’s syndrome encompasses the tetrad of finger agnosia, agraphia, acalculia, and right-left confusion. An elder...

  1. Assessment of quality of life during treatment of pediatric oncology patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prerna Batra

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The objective of this study was to assess health-related quality of life (HRQOL of pediatric cancer patients and their parents in North India. Materials and Methods: Seventy-five cancer children were assessed for HRQOL, using Lansky play performance scale and health utility index-2 (HUI-2. Fifty-seven patients were followed-up after 4 months after therapy and reassessed. Their parents were also assessed using World Health Organisation (WHO QOL BREF. Seventy five controls were also assessed and compared. Results: Lansky and HUI-2 scores of patients, as well as WHO QOL BREF of parents were significantly poor in cancer patients when compared to controls. There was significant improvement after therapy in patients with lymphomas and miscellaneous tumors. Pain and self-care were found to be maximally affected domains on HUI-2. Conclusions: Large prospective multicenter studies may be undertaken and hence that need based interventions can be planned.

  2. Adaptação, estabilidade e potencial produtivo de genótipos de Triticum durum L., irrigados por aspersão, no Estado de São Paulo Adaptability, stability and yield potential of Triticum durum L. genotypes under sprinkler irrigation in the State of São Paulo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Carlos Felicio

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Avaliaram-se 17 linhagens e duas cultivares de Triticum durum L. tendo como testemunha a cultivar IAC 24 de T. aestivum L., em experimentos semeados em condições de irrigação por aspersão nas localidades de Votuporanga, Ribeirão Preto e Mococa, no período de 1998 a 2002, no Estado de São Paulo. Foram determinados os rendimentos de grãos e o comportamento de cada genótipo diante das variações ambientais. Análises de adaptação e estabilidade permitiram a identificação de genótipos com comportamento previsível a essas condições ambientais. Foram observados efeitos significativos para anos, locais e genótipos, destacando-se na média dos três locais quanto ao rendimento de grãos a linhagem de T. durum L. 11 (MEMOS"S"/YAV79/3/ SAPI"S"/TEAL"S"// HUI"S". O melhor rendimento de grãos foi observado em Ribeirão Preto e o pior em Votuporanga. Observou-se nas linhagens 9 e 11 (MEMOS"S"/YAV79/3/SAPI"S"/TEAL"S"//HUI"S, 12 e 19 (GYS"S"/3/ STN"S"// HUI"S"/SOMOS"S" e 3 (STN"S"/3/TEZ"S"/YAV79// HUI"S" adaptabilidade específica, portanto, responsivas ao emprego de alta tecnologia. A incidência da ferrugem-da- folha somente foi constatada na cultivar IAC 24 da espécie de T. aestivum.In order to evaluate Triticum durum L. genotypes having as control the T. aestivum L. cultivar IAC, 24 experiments were carried out, under sprinkler irrigation, at Votuporanga, Ribeirão Preto and Mococa locations, in the period 1998 to 2002, in the State of São Paulo. Grain yield and performance of each genotype in relation to the environment variation were evaluated. Adaptability and stability analysis were made identify genotypes with predictable performance in these environment conditions. Significant effects were observed for years, locations and genotypes. Considering the three locations, Triticum durum inbred line 11 (MEMOS"S"/YAV79/3/ SAPI"S"/TEAL"S"// HUI"S" presented the highest yield. The highest grain yields were observed in Ribeirão Preto and

  3. 回族文化结构分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨忠东

    2012-01-01

    From the angle of anthropology, the thesis touches on the forming mechanism and inheritance mode of Hui Culture. The author puts forwards that "A Body with Two Wings" can be used to describe the structure of Hui Culture. In order to futhure develop Hui culture, we must let Two Wings fly together.%本文从人类学角度探讨了回族文化的形成机制和传承模式,主张用"一体两翼"来概括表述回族文化的结构,提出比翼齐飞推动回族文化的进一步发展。

  4. Designer and natural peptide toxin blockers of the KcsA potassium channel identified by phage display

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Ruiming; Dai, Hui; Mendelman, Netanel; Cuello, Luis G.; Chill, Jordan H.; Goldstein, Steve A. N.

    2015-01-01

    Peptide neurotoxins are powerful tools for research, diagnosis, and treatment of disease. Limiting broader use, most receptors lack an identified toxin that binds with high affinity and specificity. This paper describes isolation of toxins for one such orphan target, KcsA, a potassium channel that has been fundamental to delineating the structural basis for ion channel function. A phage-display strategy is presented whereby ∼1.5 million novel and natural peptides are fabricated on the scaffold present in ShK, a sea anemone type I (SAK1) toxin stabilized by three disulfide bonds. We describe two toxins selected by sorting on purified KcsA, one novel (Hui1, 34 residues) and one natural (HmK, 35 residues). Hui1 is potent, blocking single KcsA channels in planar lipid bilayers half-maximally (Ki) at 1 nM. Hui1 is also specific, inhibiting KcsA-Shaker channels in Xenopus oocytes with a Ki of 0.5 nM whereas Shaker, Kv1.2, and Kv1.3 channels are blocked over 200-fold less well. HmK is potent but promiscuous, blocking KcsA-Shaker, Shaker, Kv1.2, and Kv1.3 channels with Ki of 1–4 nM. As anticipated, one Hui1 blocks the KcsA pore and two conserved toxin residues, Lys21 and Tyr22, are essential for high-affinity binding. Unexpectedly, potassium ions traversing the channel from the inside confer voltage sensitivity to the Hui1 off-rate via Arg23, indicating that Lys21 is not in the pore. The 3D structure of Hui1 reveals a SAK1 fold, rationalizes KcsA inhibition, and validates the scaffold-based approach for isolation of high-affinity toxins for orphan receptors. PMID:26627718

  5. How Can Responses to Academic Affairs in the Study of Art and Literature Be so Non-academic?——an Academic Critique of the Open Letter about "Wang Hui Affair"from 82 Internationally Renowned Scholars, including Frederic Jameson, Zizek, Tani E. Barlow,Marti%回应文艺学学术事件岂能如此"非学术化"——对詹明信、齐泽克、白露等82位国际知名学者关于"汪晖事件"公开信的学术批评

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑惠生

    2010-01-01

    由于82位国际知名学者联合签署的公开信所涉及到的问题的严重性以及该信内容本身存在着严重的缺失,所以,这里打算对其(中译文)进行学术性的批评.国际学者们的这封信不仅对中国学术界建立良好的学术秩序是有害的,而且除客观上施加压力外,丝毫也没有替清华大学分忧,明显表现出"重汪晖轻清华"的错误倾向.在这个国际团队中,竟还有诸如詹明信这样的国际顶级学者.他在这封"很没学术水平"的公开信上签字,表明一个学者不论他的学识有多渊博,也不论他的学术地位权威到什么程度,在学术问题上,只要他还不够冷静和审慎,他照样会失手,照样会丢丑.毋庸置疑的是,在至今还未解决的令国际学者们揪心的"汪著涉嫌剽窃事件"中,互联网和报纸的介入是高度积极的,而包括文艺学期刊在内的学术期刊则明显很不到位,这从一个侧面说明了"当前学术期刊中的文艺学批评缺失严重",也说明中国文艺学界和学术期刊界的"学术批评建设"任重道远.

  6. 异域之美:回族传统中阿拉伯和波斯语文学原典的流传——以阿拉伯文《母噶麻忒》和波斯文《古丽斯坦》为例%The Beauty of the Other:A Study of the Spread of Arabic and Persia Literatures among the Hui People of China——Taking the Arabic al-Maqāmāt and Farsi Gulistan as Cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周传斌

    2013-01-01

    伊斯兰教传入中国,以唐宋以来渐次来华的穆斯林移民为载体,同时有大量阿拉伯和波斯语的文本被带入中国,并长期在回族社会中流传.明代以降,外来的穆斯林后裔已形成中国化的回回民族.但在回族的宗教生活和宗教教育当中,仍继续使用阿拉伯和波斯语的文本.这其中除宗教经典和仪式用书以外,也还有不少阿拉伯和波斯的文学经典,或作为学习阿拉伯和波斯语文的教材,或作为传讲宗教教义的辅助用书.阿拉伯文《母噶麻忒》和波斯文《古丽斯坦》两书的流传,既反映了伊斯兰文学对中国回族宗教文学的影响,也表明了回族伊斯兰教经师们具有很高的阿拉伯与波斯语文的造诣.

  7. China Report: Political, Sociological and Military Affairs, No. 470.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Portugal’s Mota Pinto on Macao, Hong Kong (AFP, 20 Oct 83) 128 WEN WEI PO Cites Chinese ’Gentleman’ on Hong Kong (Cheng Hsiang ; WEN...Chenglin [7456 2052 2651] (Hui), Ma Changrui [7456 2490 3843] (Hui), Ma Yaozhang [7456 5069 4545] Wang Yun [3769 0061], Wang Chuan [3769 0356], Wang...KONG ) ’’’=" HK170350 Hong Kong WEN WEI PO in Chinese 13 Oct 83 p 3 ["Newsletter" by Beijing Correspondent Cheng Hsiang [4453 5046]: "On the

  8. Fine-Tuning Bilateral Ties

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Chinese Vice Premier’s visit to Africa continues to emphasize the mutual cooperation,with a focus on agriculture FOR many years,the Chinese Government has dispatched the minister of foreign affairs to Africa for the first official visit of a year.This year,however,that rule was broken when Hui Liangyu,Chinese Vice Premier,made the 14-day trip. On January 6-19,Hui paid official visits to Mauritius,Zambia,the Democratic Republic of Congo(DRC),Cameroon and Senegal,focusing on economic and agri-

  9. Computing 3-D steady supersonic flow via a new Lagrangian approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loh, C. Y.; Liou, M.-S.

    1993-01-01

    The new Lagrangian method introduced by Loh and Hui (1990) is extended for 3-D steady supersonic flow computation. Details of the conservation form, the implementation of the local Riemann solver, and the Godunov and the high resolution TVD schemes are presented. The new approach is robust yet accurate, capable of handling complicated geometry and reactions between discontinuous waves. It keeps all the advantages claimed in the 2-D method of Loh and Hui, e.g., crisp resolution for a slip surface (contact discontinuity) and automatic grid generation along the stream.

  10. A case study exploring the perceptions of regular counselling in a mid west post-primary school

    OpenAIRE

    Galvin, James

    2012-01-01

    peer-reviewed The overall aim of this study was to explore the perceptions of regular teachers of a whole school approach (WSA) to guidance counselling in a mid west post-primary school. The study focuses on the critical discourse developing in the area of guidance counselling provision as a result of the policy decisions in Budget 2012. Whilst a similar study was completed from an eastern perspective by Hui (2002) and Lam and Hui (20 I0). this study addresses a gap in resea...

  11. 凝聚巾帼智慧力量 建设和谐富裕凤城

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    Yinchuan, capital of Northwest China's Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, is one of China's important commercial cities. The city is inhabited by more than 800,000 Hui and Han women and children. Over the past several years, the Yinchuan Women's Federation has taken the lead in establishing women's organizations, such as "Carnation Home" (an organization that provides financial aid, psychological counseling and free physical checkups to single mothers), mutual-aid groups to benefit left-behind women (whose husbands have left home to work elsewhere),

  12. Cooperation Between Equals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    2011 MARKS the 55th anniversary of the start of contemporary friendly relations between the People’s Republic of China and African countries. Chinese Vice Premier Hui Liangyu’s recent African trip gave another boost to the burgeoning China-Africa ties,said Chinese Vice Foreign Minister Zhai Jun.Hui visited five African countries - Mauritius, Zambia,the Democratic Republic of the Congo,Cameroon and Senegal -from January 6 to 19.Agriculture and trade were some of the most promising areas of cooperation between China and these countries,said Zhai in a recent interview with ChinAfrica.Excerpts follow:

  13. Les oligonucléotides synthétiques "antisens" (1re partie)

    OpenAIRE

    Cravador, A.

    1994-01-01

    Le sujet que nous abordons aujourd'hui est une illustration de l'évolution des approches chimiques qui visent à obtenir des molécules ayant des effets biologiques (par exemple dans la recherche de nouveaux médicaments), ou qui fonctionnent comme sonde (par exemple dans le diagnostic médical).

  14. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Liu Diren, Xie Weibiao, Yin Qiuli and Zhou Liyan. Study on the Influence of induction logging response on tool eccentricity in horizontal well. Jiang Yiqing, Xu Lin, Wang Jianmin and Du Hui. Simulation of time spectrum by oxygen activation logging.Zhang Jiawei, Song Gongpu, Sai Fang, Xue Zhibo. Design of simulator based on NMR downhole tools.

  15. Interview with Prof. Soeren M Bentzen (with english subtitles)

    CERN Multimedia

    Antonella del Rosso

    2012-01-01

    Interview with Prof. Soeren M Benzen, University of Wisconsin, Madison, on the role of physics biology and genomics in cancer treatment today. Interview avec le prof. Soeren Benzen, Université de Wisconsin, Madison, sur le role de la physique, la biologie et la genomique dans le traitement du cancer aujourd'hui.

  16. Une parole libératrice: le discours féminin de l’endurance dans Un alligator nommé Rosa de Marie-Célie Agnant et Syngué Sabour: pierre de patience d’Atiq Rahimi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leah Roth

    2012-05-01

    Elle examine ensuite la visée éthique, telle que proposée par Paul Ricœur, qui se manifeste à travers ce discours de l’endurance dans les textes et qui s’avère si importante pour le monde d’aujourd’hui.

  17. PALEONTOLOGY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>20080406 Kong Hui(Exploration and Development Research Institute of Daqing Oilfield Corporation Ltd.,Daqing,Heilongjiang 163712);Chen Chunrui On Three Cretaceous Biotas of Songliao Basin(Acta Palaeontologica Sinica,ISSN0001-6616,CN32-1188/Q,45(3),2006,p.416-424,2 illus.,1 table,38 refs.)

  18. Respiratory failure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1997-01-01

    970318 A study on evoked potentials in cor pul-monale patients with chronic respiratory failure.QIAO Hui(乔慧), et al. Beijing Neurosurg Instit,Beijing, 100050. Chin J Geriatr 1997; 16(1): 43-45. Objective: Evoked protential was used to detect thechange of brain function in cor pulmonale patients with

  19. NEOPLASMS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    2003172 Impact of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27 on resistance of ovarian cancer multicellular spheroids to taxol. XING Hui(刑辉), et al. Dept Ob-stetr Gynecol.Tongji Hosp.Tongiji Med Coll, Huazhong Univ Sci & Technol, Wuhan 430030. Nad Med J China 2003;83(1):37-43.

  20. Cultures et organisations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hofstede, G.; Hofstede, G.J.; Minkov, M.

    2010-01-01

    La coopération interculturelle, une question de survie Véritable atlas des valeurs culturelles, paru en 18 langues, Cultures et organisations est le fruit de plus de 40 ans de recherches menées dans plus de 100 pays. Il est aujourd'hui le livre de référence des chercheurs, universitaires et

  1. DVD-d. Shrek Kolmas; Ma olen legend / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2008-01-01

    Lühiarvustused USA 2007.a. filmidele : animafilm "Shrek Kolmas" ("Shrek the Third", režissöörid Chris Miller, Raman Hui) ja ulmefilm "Ma olen legend" ("I Am Legend"; režissöör Francis Lawrence)

  2. Civili, langue des Baloango

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mavoungou, Paul Achille; Ndinga-Koumba-Binza, Hugues Steve

    langue officielle. Cette dernière est le civili, langue bantu du groupe H10. Motivé par plusieurs centres d'intérêt historiques, sociolinguistiques et linguistiques, cet ouvrage est un condensé de connaissances sur la langue de ce royaume aujourd'hui partagé entre plusieurs entités politiques (Gabon...

  3. 2007: A Year In Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diverse: Issues in Higher Education, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The most high-profile story of the year touching the higher education community was undisputedly the killings at Virginia Tech in April when student Seung-Hui Cho opened fire, leaving 33 people dead, including himself. To date, it is the deadliest campus shooting in U.S. history. However, in September, the Delaware State University (DSU) community…

  4. 读书(英文)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    1 A Kaleidoscope of Chinese Culture《中华文化趣谈》Compiler:Zhang Yajun(Translated by Guo Hui) Publisher:Sinolingua Press This book introduces the important aspects of traditional Chinese culture,in 14 topics,including Chinese characters,numbers,animals, plants,colors,food,festivals,names and cross-cultural communication.

  5. Reference: 197 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available bidopsis thaliana CAX2 cation transporter. 6 959-71 15821993 2004 Dec Plant molecular biology Cheng Ning-Hui|Hirschi Kendal D|Marshall Joy L|Morris Jay L|Pittman Jon K|Shigaki Toshiro

  6. Psychological Aspects of Geographical Moves. Homesickness and Acculturation Stress

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tilburg, van Miranda; Vingerhoets, Ad

    2005-01-01

    'Het is de verdienste van dit boek dat op uitgebreide wijze aandacht wordt geschonken aan het feit dat lang niet iedereen zonder problemen huis en haard achterlaat. De samenstellers hebben gelijk dat hier sprake is van een onderbelicht probleem of wellicht zelfs een taboe.' Jan Spijker, Maandblad Ge

  7. At Home in a Digital World

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jos de Haan; Frank Huysmans; Jan Steyaert

    2002-01-01

    Original title: Van huis uit digitaal. Young people grow up surrounded by digital media. Particularly at home, but increasingly at school as well, they have access to computers, the Internet and digital technology as well as information carriers such as video games and CD-ROMs. Some young people ar

  8. Biodiversiteit in tuin en plantsoen

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoffman, M.H.A.

    2010-01-01

    Een rijk en gevarieerd groen in de stad wordt niet alleen door burgers erg gewaardeerd, maar het kan ook een uitstekende bijdrage leveren aan de biodiversiteit. Het biedt veel soorten insecten, vogels en andere dieren nieuwe levenskansen. En bovendien wordt zo de natuur dicht bij huis gehaald. Deze

  9. Huisverkoop van biologisch vlees : handboek

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Heijden, van der C.H.T.M.

    2005-01-01

    Voor biologische boeren die willen beginnen met de verkoop van biologisch vlees aan huis, is het 'Handboek Huisverkoop Biologisch Vlees' samengesteld. Het handboek bevat o.a. marketingtips en een overzicht van de wet- en regelgeving. Het is opgesteld door Wageningen UR in samenwerking met Biologica

  10. Cultures et organisations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hofstede, G.; Hofstede, G.J.; Minkov, M.

    2010-01-01

    La coopération interculturelle, une question de survie Véritable atlas des valeurs culturelles, paru en 18 langues, Cultures et organisations est le fruit de plus de 40 ans de recherches menées dans plus de 100 pays. Il est aujourd'hui le livre de référence des chercheurs, universitaires et professi

  11. Rare jongens, die ICT'ers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Thiadens, Th.J.G.

    2009-01-01

    Voor de aanleg van een tegelvloer in huis betaal je de tegelzetter een fors bedrag. Maar dan nog zou de opdrachtgever in het contract van tevoren expliciet schriftelijk moeten vastleggen dat hij de nieuwe tegelvloer in eigendom krijgt, anders heeft hij slechts gebruiksrecht.

  12. Governor Punjab, Pakistan: Pakistan-China Friendship Imbued by High Trust

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ During the late period of 2006, H.E. Lt. Gen.(Retired) Khalid Maqbool, Governor of Punjab Province, Pakistan visited China. His visit covered many places in China including Xinjiang Autonomous Region, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, Beijing, etc. Gen. Khalid Maqbool also was interviewed by Chinese media.

  13. Should Mercy Killing of the Terminally Ill Be Allowed?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Li Yan, a 28-year-old woman in northwest China’s Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, has been suffering from progres-sive muscular dystrophy since shortly after her birth. Today she can’t move any part of her body except for her head and a few fingers.

  14. Wat je ziet, ben je zelf. Big Brother: lust, leven en lijden voor de camera

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    H.J.G. Beunders (Henri)

    2000-01-01

    textabstractHenri Beunders, hoogleraar aan de Erasmus Universiteit te Rotterdam, is van huis uit historicus en heeft zich gespecialiseerd in de geschiedenis van de media. In dit razendsnel geschreven en geproduceerde boek geeft hij een evaluatie van het tv-programma Big Brother. Hij heeft uit de aar

  15. De huisarts onderzocht: de Nationale Studie naar ziekten en verrichtingen in de huisartspraktijk.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Spanjer, M.

    1990-01-01

    Beknopte bespiegeling over en de eerste resultaten van de 'National Studie`, een onderzoek van het NIVEL naar de ziekten en verrichtingen in de huisartspraktijk. Wat betreft preventie duiden de gegevens van de studie erop dat huisartspraktijken niet actief bezig zijn met preventie. Vrijwel geen huis

  16. Commemorating a ‘Foreign’ War in a Neutral Country : The Political Insignificance of World War I Memory in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ribbens, Kees

    2016-01-01

    The recent creation of a First World War museum exhibit at Huis Doorn reflects the increased Dutch attention paid to this war, accompanying the international Centenary efforts, although the neutral Netherlands had not been actively involved in the military events of wwi. This initiative, on a small

  17. A Helping Hand

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    China’s most influential public education project offers hope to poor students when she was a third-grader, Su Mingjuan, a poor girl whose schooling was subsidized by a Chinese charity, sent 900 yuan ($132) of her educa- tional aid to another girl in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region who Su thought

  18. 723-IJBCS-Article-Marie Nicole Chaungneu G.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DR GATSING

    1 déc. 2005 ... compte de l'impact des PFNL sur l'économie rurale, nationale et ..... fait un chiffre d'affaires de 175 millions de ..... populations, en leur reconnaissant le droit de gérer de façon ..... Les relations aux ancêtres aujourd'hui et la ...

  19. Is Best-Worst Scaling Suitable for Health State Valuation? A Comparison with Discrete Choice Experiments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krucien, Nicolas; Watson, Verity; Ryan, Mandy

    2016-12-04

    Health utility indices (HUIs) are widely used in economic evaluation. The best-worst scaling (BWS) method is being used to value dimensions of HUIs. However, little is known about the properties of this method. This paper investigates the validity of the BWS method to develop HUI, comparing it to another ordinal valuation method, the discrete choice experiment (DCE). Using a parametric approach, we find a low level of concordance between the two methods, with evidence of preference reversals. BWS responses are subject to decision biases, with significant effects on individuals' preferences. Non parametric tests indicate that BWS data has lower stability, monotonicity and continuity compared to DCE data, suggesting that the BWS provides lower quality data. As a consequence, for both theoretical and technical reasons, practitioners should be cautious both about using the BWS method to measure health-related preferences, and using HUI based on BWS data. Given existing evidence, it seems that the DCE method is a better method, at least because its limitations (and measurement properties) have been extensively researched. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  20. China Report: Political, Sociological and Military Affairs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    many splendid handicapped youths cannot receive higher education. As a result of contracting infantile paralysis, some handicapped people cannot be...jurist and political activist. Han died of cancer at 18:10 hours on 13 March in Beijing at the age of 77. Born into a family of the Hui Nationality

  1. Damping Effects in Aerospace Structures

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-10-01

    crown and the side webs were cut away. A joint plate with two rivets in single shear restored the continuity of the crown across the cut. The beam... profonde du role a leur faire jouer dans les comnortements dynamiques d’ensesable. 11 s’agit 13 d’un point de vue qui apparaft aujourd’hui encore

  2. Challenges in modeling ice floods on the Ningxia-Inner Mongolia reach of the Yellow River, China

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fu, C.; Popescu, I.; Wang, C.; Mynett, A.E.; Zhang, F.

    2013-01-01

    During winter the Yellow River in China is frequently subjected to ice flood disasters. Possible dike-breaking due to ice floods poses a serious threat to the part of the region located along the river, in particular the Ning-Meng reach (including Ningxia Hui and the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region

  3. Challenges in modelling river flow and ice regime on the Ningxia–Inner Mongolia reach of the Yellow River, China

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fu, C.; Popescu, I.; Wang, C.; Mynett, A.E.; Zhang, F.

    2014-01-01

    During winter the Yellow River in China is frequently subjected to ice flood disasters. Possible dike breaking due to ice floods poses a serious threat to the part of the region located along the river, in particular the Ning–Meng reach (including Ningxia Hui and the Inner Mongolia autonomous region

  4. Waar blijven de vragen voor de genomica

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rotgers, G.; Smits, M.A.

    2008-01-01

    "Hoewel de genomica veel potentie in huis heeft is de veehouderij zich daarvan nog onvoldoende bewust. Zij weet nog te weinig welke mogelijkheden de genomica haar te bieden heeft." aldus Mari Smits, hoogleraar diergenomica bij ASG, in een gesprek over wetenschappelijke vorderingen op dit gebied

  5. Een (Duits) eitje : afzet biologische pluimveehouderij 2005

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Werf, van der J.T.N.; Kijlstra, A.

    2005-01-01

    Het aantal biologische pluimveebedrijven in Nederland neemt snel toe. Veel van de grotere biologische bedrijven exporteren hun eieren via pakstations naar Duitsland. De rest van de bedrijven zet de eieren binnenlands af via pakstations en een deel verkoopt ze direct aan huis of via natuurvoedingswin

  6. State-of-the-art technologies of forest inventory and monitoring in Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fong-Long Feng

    2000-01-01

    Ground surveys, remote sensing (RS), global positioning systems (GPS), geographic information systems (GIS), and permanent sampling plots (PSP) were used to inventory and monitor forests in the development of an ecosystem management plan for the island of Taiwan. While the entire island has been surveyed, this study concentrates on the Hui-Sun and Hsin-Hua Experimental...

  7. [Gao Jingyi. Han yu yu bei Ou yu yan : Han yu yu Wula'er yu yan ji Yin Ou yu yan tong yuan tan jiu] / Ago Künnap

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Künnap, Ago, 1941-

    2010-01-01

    Arvustus: Gao Jingyi. Han yu yu bei Ou yu yan : Han yu yu Wula'er yu yan ji Yin Ou yu yan tong yuan tan jiu = Chinese language and languages of northern Europe. Beijing : Zhongguo she hui ke xue chu ban she, 2008

  8. Many conserved quantities induced by Lie symmetries of a Lagrangian system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nucci, M.C., E-mail: nucci@unipg.i [Dipartimento di Matematica e Informatica and INFN Sezione Perugia, Universita di Perugia, 06123 Perugia (Italy)

    2011-03-14

    Lie symmetries along with either Noether theorem or Jacobi Last Multiplier yield all the conserved quantities that one may seek and even more. We show that three new conserved quantities derived in Jian-Hui Fang, Ming-Jiang Zhang, Wei-Wei Zhang (2010) can be algorithmically obtained by these old methods. Even more than three.

  9. PANCREAS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    10.1 Cyst and tumor of pancreas2003353 Expression of p57kip2 and p27kip1 proteins and its relationship with clinicopathology in human pancreatic cancer. YUE Hui (岳辉), et al. Dept Gas-troenterol, General Hosp, Shenyang Milit Command, Shenyang 110016. World Chin J Digestol 2003; 11(3): 318 - 320

  10. Are Informal Settlements the Answer to Urban Migrant Influx?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Informal Settlements are ok in China’s big cities.That’s the opinion of Qin Hui,a professor of history at China’s prestigious Tsinghua University.Speaking at a recent public forum on urbanization in Shenzhen

  11. Reserve Proved in Ningxia Alu-minium-magnesium Dolomite Mine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>Recently,it is revealed by a survey conducted by the region’s office on the development of the western region that Ningxia Hui Autono- mous Region has a huge potential for the de- velopment of the aluminium-magnesium alloy industry.The preliminary survey indicated that the aluminium-magnesium alloy is the light

  12. Feasibility and reliability of a mailed questionnaire to obtain visual analogue scale valuations for health states defined by the health utilities index mark 3

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Raat, H.; Bonsel, G.J.; Hoogeveen, W.C.; Essink-Bot, M.L.; Gemke, R.J.B.J.; Krabbe, P.F.M.; Moll, H.A.; Suijlekom van-Smit, L.W.A.; Verrips, E.

    2004-01-01

    To establish the generalizability (external validity) of the Health Utilities Index Mark 3 (HUI3) as a single-summary score generic outcome measure in numerous countries/subgroups (including children), repeated studies of community preferences should be performed in various settings. In performing m

  13. Health-related problems and quality of life in patients with syndromic and complex craniosynostosis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T. de Jong (Tim); M. Maliepaard (Marianne); N. Bannink (Natalja); H. Raat (Hein); I.M.J. Mathijssen (Irene)

    2012-01-01

    textabstractPurpose: We conducted this study to gauge the health-related problems, quality of life and the performance of the Health Utility Index Mark 3 (HUI-3) in patients with syndromic and complex craniosynostosis. Patients with syndromic and complex craniosynostosis have various physical and me

  14. Two new species of the genus Peltonotellus Puton (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha: Caliscelidae) from northwestern China with a world checklist.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meng, Rui; Gnezdilov, Vladimir M; Wang, Yinglun

    2015-12-04

    A checklist of Peltonotellus species is provided. Two new species, P. brevis sp. nov. from Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region and P. niger sp. nov. from Gansu Province are described and illustrated. Chinese species of the genus Peltonotellus as well as sexual dimorphism are briefly discussed.

  15. Agbia

    OpenAIRE

    E. B.

    2013-01-01

    Ville antique de Tunisie, aujourd’hui Henchir Hedja, toute proche de Dougga, considérée par S. Gsell (Histoire ancienne de l’afrique du Nord, t. V, p. 265) comme un centre numide dont la création est antérieure à la domination romaine.

  16. DVD-d. Shrek Kolmas; Ma olen legend / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2008-01-01

    Lühiarvustused USA 2007.a. filmidele : animafilm "Shrek Kolmas" ("Shrek the Third", režissöörid Chris Miller, Raman Hui) ja ulmefilm "Ma olen legend" ("I Am Legend"; režissöör Francis Lawrence)

  17. 走街串巷(英文)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Hui'ai Pregnant Women's Restaurant惠爱孕妇主题餐厅Upon entering the restaurant,which has purple decorations,guests may feel relaxed. Smoking is prohibited in the restaurant,and the floor is skid proof.Considering that it is not comfortable for pregnant women to sit in

  18. Football malgache féminin :

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1, 2006, pp. 150-167. © Conseil pour le développement de la recherche en sciences sociales en ..... L'aspect fortement énergétique et les contacts ..... aujourd'hui : essai d'application à la relaxation, aux arts martiaux et au marathon ».

  19. Respiratory System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    7.1 Bronchial asthma2004362 The effects of anti-inflammatory and anti-asthmatic agents on CD34+ hematopoietic cells in bone marrow of asthmatic mice. MAO Hui(毛辉) ,et al. Dept Respir, West China Hosp, Sichuan Univ, Chengdu 610041. Chin J Tuberc Respir Dis 2004; 27 (4):229-233.

  20. Argentina Welcomes Chinese Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ On July 13,China-Argentina Entrepreneur Luncheon Meeting was held in Beijing.Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner,President of Argentina,Hui Liangyu,Vice Prime Minister of China and Wan Jifei,President of CCPIT attended the meeting.