WorldWideScience

Sample records for hui lun wen

  1. 魏晋清谈与论体主题之演变%On the Evolution of Wei-Jin Pure Conversation and the Theme of the Creation of Lun-Ti-Wen

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘石泉

    2012-01-01

    魏晋时期是论体文创作的繁盛期,其主题的发展和变化与魏晋清谈的演变密切相关,它们之间互相促进,共同发展,并出现繁荣的局面。魏晋的清谈先后经历了人物品评、才性之辩和名教自然之辩三个阶段,相应的论体文则出现了人物论、名理论和力命论三大主题。人物品评促进了人物论创作的繁荣,才性之辩促进了探讨哲理的名理论创作,名教、自然之辩推动了探讨人生的力命论创作。%Wei and Jin Dynasties can be considered to be the prosperous stage of the creation of Lun-Ti-Wen. The development and change of the theme closely related to the evolution of Wei-Jin Pure conversation. They promoted common development and created the prosperous situation. Wei-Jin Pure conversation has experienced three stages: judging people, the debate between capacity and moral character and the debate between Ethical Code and the Liberal. So the corresponding theme mainly reflected in three aspects. Firstly, judging people promoted the prosperity creation of judging people. Secondly, the debate between capacity and moral character developed the philosophical theory for creation of the truth of things. Thirdly, the debate between Ethical Code and the Liberal enhanced the creation of life on life.

  2. Interpretation of the Chapter Fu Hui in Liu Xie’ s Wen Xin Diao Long from the Perspective of Journal Editing%从学报编辑视角解读刘勰《文心雕龙·附会》篇

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘小平; 治丹丹

    2014-01-01

    刘勰《文心雕龙·附会》篇是文章谋篇命意,布局结构的专论。该篇对文章结构设计的原则、目的、方法、标准等问题进行了深入的讨论。刘勰认为,“附辞会义,务总纲领”是结构设计应遵循的原则;“驱万涂于同归,贞百虑于一致”是结构设计应达到目的;“群言虽多,无棼丝之乱”,“众理虽繁,无倒置之乖”是结构设计应采用的方法;“首尾周密,表里一体”则是结构设计美的标准。从学报编辑视角解读,这些观点并不过时,其对现代学术论文结构设计及编辑对论文结构的审视都有重要理论借鉴和深远启迪作用。%The chapter Fu Hui ( Relevance and Integration ) in Liu Xie’ s Wen Xin Diao Long ( Carving a Dragon at the Core of Literature ) is mainly on designing the structure and ideas for an essay .Profoundly ,the chapter discusses the matter of essay structure design in the following aspects:principle,purpose,method and standard.In this chap-ter,Liu Xie argues that the principle of essay structure design is to “have words relevant and meanings integrated , make the outline ordered and categories proportioned”;the purpose is to “instruct every thought to the same desti-nation,direct each idea to the central notion”;the method is“Tangled trouble not seen ,in spite of verbal variation;inversion mess not been ,in spite of numerous notion” and,the aesthetic standard is “utter coherence from beginning to end,total consistency of notion and form”.Interpreting from the perspective of journal editing ,those views above , however,are not outmoded.On the contrary,they are both theoretical reference and far-reaching enlightenment for designing the structure of a modern academic paper ,as well as for the editor ’ s surveying a paper ’ s structure .

  3. Wen Tien Ke

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qiang Lei

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Based on enormous first-hand data as diaries, memoirs, newspapers, archival materials, books, and journals, this article tries to clarify some important aspects concerning Wen Tien Ke(Ko (文殿閣 such as when it established, how its inner structure worked and what its major businesses covered. By doing so, the author tells the story of the Wen Tien Ke: how it had witnessed the vicissitudes of its time and its own, how it had contributed to the cultural exchange and communication between China and the West through its daily business activities such as rare book retails, and reprint of books on various aspects of China in English and other languages written by distinguished western sinologists. In all, this article makes efforts to explore the publishing history of Wen Tien Ke from 1934 to 1950s. [Article content in Chinese

  4. LunARSat: European Orbiter Mission to the Moon

    OpenAIRE

    Eckart, Peter; Phipps, Andy,; Ward, Jeff; Wahlund, Jan-Erik

    1998-01-01

    LunARSat, the Lunar Academic and Research Satellite, is a micro-spacecraft that will be sent into an orbit around the Moon to perform scientific investigations concerning the lunar environment and its characteristics. However, the prime objective of the LunARSat mission is to serve as an educational and outreach project. LunARSat is designed by young engineers, scientists, and students from around Europe, with support from numerous institutions and space industry. It shall be launched as an a...

  5. Premier Wen on Domestic Policies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    The Second Session of the 11th National People’s Congress held a press conference at the Great Hall of the People on March 13. Premier Wen Jiabao answered questions from the Chinese and foreign press. Below are highlights of his answers on domestic policies.

  6. Advanced Stellar Compass - Proposal for the LunARSat project

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Betto, Maurizio; Jørgensen, John Leif; Kilsgaard, Søren;

    1998-01-01

    request for proposal (r.f.p.) for the LunARSat star tracker.The Advanced Stellar Compass (ASC) is a highly advanced and autonomous Stellar Reference Unit designed, developed and produced by the Space Instrumentation Group of the Department of Automation of the Technical University of Denmark.The document...

  7. Advanced Stellar Compass - Proposal for the LunARSat project

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Betto, Maurizio; Jørgensen, John Leif; Kilsgaard, Søren

    1998-01-01

    LunARSat, the Lunar Academic and Research Satellite, is an ESA micro-spacecraft that will be sent into an orbit around the Moon to perform scientific investigations concerning the lunar environment and its characteristics.This proposal is the DTU response to the Technical University of Münich...

  8. LunGradCon: The Lunar Graduate Conference

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dove, A.; Poppe, A.; Neish, C.; Fagan, A.; Fuqua, H.; Kramer, G. Y.; Horanyi, M.

    2011-12-01

    Members of the Colorado Center for Lunar Dust and Atmospheric Studies (CCLDAS) initiated the Lunar Graduate Conference (LunGradCon), modeled after the highly successful Astrobiology Graduate Conference (AbGradCon). The purpose of this conference is to enhance the professional development of graduate students and early postdoctoral researchers by providing an opportunity to present and discuss scientific research in an environment of their peers. For the first two years, LunGradCon has been held as a one-day conference in conjunction with the NASA Lunar Science Institue's (NLSI) Lunar Science Forum at the NASA Ames Research Center. Activities include an invited overview talk on each of the NASA Lunar Science Institute's three main research areas (OF the Moon, ON the Moon, and FROM the Moon), submitted oral presentations from graduate students and postdoctoral researchers, and networking opportunities with established member of the lunar science community and the NLSI. In each of the first two years of LunGradCon, there have been 20-25 attendees, with about 15 of those presenting submitted talks. Each speaker received feedback forms from the other participants in order to improve on their presentation techniques. Participants also provided feedback on the conference as a whole in order to evaluate the content and provide suggestions for improvement in following years. Overall, the feedback has been extremely positive. This talk will summarize the achievements of past LunGradCons and plans for expansion of the conference to ensure a long-term positive impact on the early careers of future lunar, planetary and space science researchers.

  9. Premier Wen hails sci-tech cooperation with CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    Premier Wen Jiabao met CERN's director general Dr Robert Aymar and physicist and Nobel laureate Dr Samuel Chao Chung Ting. Premier Wen emphasied the importance for China to collaborate on fundamental science (0.5 page)

  10. Wen's Report: No Difficulty Can Daunt China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Zhen

    2009-01-01

    @@ On March 5, China's Premier Wen Jiabao delivered a government work report to the 3,000 or so National People's Congress (NPC) deputies and more than 2,000 members of the Chinese People's Political Consulta-tive Conference (CPPCC) National Committee.

  11. 75 FR 337 - Action Affecting Export Privileges: Ning Wen

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-05

    ... Export Privileges: Ning Wen In the Matter of: Ning Wen, No. 07511-089, Federal Prison Camp--H Dorm, P.O... Regulations in effect under the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701-1706). Charge 1..., Ning Wen, No. 07511-089, Federal Prison Camp-H Dorm, P.O. Box 1000, Duluth, MN 55814, with an...

  12. The Deep Roots of Hui Operao

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1993-01-01

    HUI Opera Groups arrivalin Beliing for performances200 years ago created a fu-rore,produced Peking opera andpromoted the developmen of val-ious kinds of local operas in China. The earliest Hui opera emergedat the beginning of the sixth centu-ry.It originated in the Qingyangstyle of singing,which was popu-lar in the Jiuhua Mountain areas insouthern Hui.Its fame had spreadthroughout the country by 1522.Book traders of the time compiledthe performed pieces and publishedmore than 10 collections.Some ofthese books went abroad,and nowthe Bibliotheque Nationale in Paris,the Japanese Cabinet Library andthe State Library in Germany allhave several.Later songs by fisher-men along the Yangtze River in theAnqing area were assimilated intothe Qingyaug style and thus a newform of singing,named Bazi sing-ing,emerged.At the same time theQingyang and Shuino styles in theKunshan area in Jiangsu Provincecombined to form Chui singing.

  13. English Translation Strategies of Lun Yu:A Post-colonial Approach

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Xiaoman; Peng Zhen

    2016-01-01

    This paper discusses English translation strategies of Lun Yu from the perspec-tive of post-colonialism translation theory. Post-colonial translation theory makes research like cultural archaeology on translation practice, and influences translation practice through power difference of power discourse. It researches and interprets the translator’ s conscious and unconscious value orientations and choices of strategy. Under its guidance,a research is made concerning the English translation of Lun Yu,and four strategies,namely,domestication,for-eignization,hybridization and decolonization,are explicitly explained and analyzed.

  14. Bouc–Wen hysteresis model identification using Modified Firefly Algorithm

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zaman, Mohammad Asif, E-mail: zaman@stanford.edu [Department of Electrical Engineering, Stanford University (United States); Sikder, Urmita [Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, University of California, Berkeley (United States)

    2015-12-01

    The parameters of Bouc–Wen hysteresis model are identified using a Modified Firefly Algorithm. The proposed algorithm uses dynamic process control parameters to improve its performance. The algorithm is used to find the model parameter values that results in the least amount of error between a set of given data points and points obtained from the Bouc–Wen model. The performance of the algorithm is compared with the performance of conventional Firefly Algorithm, Genetic Algorithm and Differential Evolution algorithm in terms of convergence rate and accuracy. Compared to the other three optimization algorithms, the proposed algorithm is found to have good convergence rate with high degree of accuracy in identifying Bouc–Wen model parameters. Finally, the proposed method is used to find the Bouc–Wen model parameters from experimental data. The obtained model is found to be in good agreement with measured data. - Highlights: • We describe a new method to find the Bouc–Wen hysteresis model parameters. • We propose a Modified Firefly Algorithm. • We compare our method with existing methods to find that the proposed method performs better. • We use our model to fit experimental results. Good agreement is found.

  15. Quench dynamics of TQPT in Wen-plaquette model

    CERN Document Server

    Zhang, Long; Deng, Youjing

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we study quench dynamics of topological quantum phase transition (TQPT) in transverse Wen-plaquette model, which has a phase transition from $Z_{2}$ topological order to a spin-polarized state. The study is based on others' work on Ising model, for 2D Wen-plaquette model with a external field can be mapped to 1D quantum Ising model. Using the mapping, we get the expression of SOPs and calculate the number of quasiparticles after a linear quench. The result tells us when the evolution is adiabatic, half of the plaquettes will be turned into $F_{i}=-1$.

  16. Ma Shi Wen Tong and its Theory of Language

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    <正>Ma Shi Wen Tong is a very influential book in the field of linguistics.Its theory of language is closely related to the social background of China at that time.The paper will deal with concept of language in this book from a cultural and historical perspective.

  17. The story of geneticist Hsien-Wen Li

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guihuan Luo

    2010-01-01

    @@ Hsien-Wen Li(1902-1976)is a distinguished geneticist and agricultural breeding specialist,and a significant figure in modern biology and agriculture development in China.He was born to a peasant's family in Jiangjin county,Sichuan Province,whose ancestors were Hakka(Kejia)people from Guangdong Province.

  18. Hui Students’ Identity Construction in Eastern China: A Postcolonial Critique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuxiang Wang

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available In this article, we explored Hui students’ lived experiences in school in eastern China and the impact of their experiences on their identity construction. We used postcolonial theory as a theoretical framework and narrative inquiry as a research methodology to guide questions that we asked, data collection, data analysis, and interpretation and discussion of the findings in the study. We found that schooling for the two Hui students in eastern China is a process of reproducing mainstream Han ideology; taking away their culture, beliefs, knowledge, and identity; and imposing the mainstream Han culture and knowledge on Hui students as truth. The participants, two Hui students in an elementary school in eastern China, accepted the identity constructed by mainstream Han teachers and were confused about their Hui identity.

  19. Translation and cultural adaptation of Health Utilities Index (HUI) Mark 2 (HUI2) and Mark 3 (HUI3) with application to survivors of childhood cancer in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimoda, Sandra; de Camargo, Beatriz; Horsman, John; Furlong, William; Lopes, Luiz Fernando; Seber, Adriana; Barr, Ronald D

    2005-06-01

    There are few publications reporting health-related quality of life (HRQL) in developing nations. Most instruments measuring HRQL have been developed in English-speaking countries. These instruments need to be culturally adapted for use in non-English-speaking countries. The HUI2 and HUI3 are generic, preference-based systems for describing health status and HRQL. Developed in Canada, the systems have been translated into more than a dozen languages and used worldwide in hundreds of studies of clinical and general populations. The Brazilian-Portuguese translation of the HUI systems was supervised by senior HUInc staff having experience with both the HUI systems and translations. The process included two independent forward translations of the multi-attribute health status classification systems and related questionnaires, consensus between translators on a forward translation, back-translation by two independent translators of the forward translation, and review of the back-translations by original developers of the HUI. The final questionnaires were tested by surveying a sample of convenience of 50 patients recruited at the Centro de Tratamento e Pesquisa-Hospital do Cancer in São Paulo, Brazil. Fifty patients were enrolled in the study. No assessor, patient or nurse or physician, reported problems answering the HUI questionnaires. No significant differences were found in mean overall HUI2 or HUI3 utility scores among types of assessors. Variability in scores are similar to those from other studies in Latin America and Canada. Test results provide preliminary evidence that the Brazilian-Portuguese translation is acceptable, understandable, reliable and valid for assessing health-status and HRQL among survivors of cancer in childhood in Brazil.

  20. Gebruik van elektriciteit: Domotica: Huis van de toekomst: Klas 4 havo

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    O. van Buuren; M. van der Lee

    2008-01-01

    Deze module behandelt elektriciteit en automatisering in huis. We richten ons daarbij ook op het huis van de toekomst. Bij de elektriciteitsleer ligt de nadruk op het gebruik van elektriciteit in huis, bij de automatisering op intelligente systemen in huis. Er komt een vervolg module domotica 2 als

  1. 张惠言的《花间》词学接受及其意义%ZHANG Hui-yan’ s ci Reception of Huajian and Its Significance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梅向东

    2013-01-01

    《花间》词学接受至清代的张惠言才有了一个深刻的变化。基于“以《国风》、《离骚》之旨趣,铸温、韦、周、辛之面目”的词学策略,张氏对《花间》采取了故意误读、文本支离和点石成金的接受方式,正是由于其重读《花间》和重释温庭筠,古典词学至常州词派实际上经历了从传统的为词之学向读词之学的转变。%A great change happened in ZHANG Hui-yan’s ci reception of Huajian in the Qing Dynasty.Based on the ci strat-egy of “showing the true appearance of WEN Ting-yun, WEI Zhuang, ZHOU Bang-yan and XIN Qi-ji with Guo Feng and Li Sao as the purport”, ZHANG Hui-yan received Huajian through intentional misreading and deconstruction, thus working miracles.It is because of his reinterpretation of Huajian and WEN Ting-yun that the change of classical ci from its ontology to its reading occurred in the Changzhou ci school.

  2. Modern use of Chinese herbal formulae from Shang-Han Lun

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Fang-pey; CHEN Fun-jou; JONG Maw-shiou; TSAI Hui-lin; WANG Jen-ren; HWANG Shinn-jang

    2009-01-01

    Background The Chinese medical archive,Shang-Han Lun,is said to be written by ZHANG Zhong-jing (150-219 A.D.).This great influential work introduced the specific symptoms of six-channel disorders (Tai-Yang,Yang-Ming,Shao-Yang,Tai-Yin,Shao-Yin,and Jue-Yin) and their corresponding treatments,the combined syndromes,deterioration due to malpractice,and the concept of six-channel transitions.The concept of Shang-Han Lun is widely accepted by Chinese herbal doctors.However,no clinical data about Shang-Han symptoms are described in oriental or western medical reports.Methods The clinical prescription data of traditional Chinese medicine visits were extracted under the National Health Insurance in Taiwan.The application rate of 42 Shang-Han formulae in clinical practice was analyzed in detail with the software SPSS.Results Between 1999 and 2002,the prescription rate of Shang-Han formula was only 5.22% among a total of 528 889 576 Chinese herbal formula prescriptions.The most frequently used formula was Tai-Yang formulae (71.31%),followed by Shao-Yang formulae (17.49%) and the most commonly prescribed individual Shang-Han formulae were Ge-Gen Tang (16.11%),Shao-Yao-Gan-Cao Tang (12.97%),Xiao-Qing-Long Tang (11.79%),Ban-Xia Xie-Xin Tang (10.24%),and Xiao-Chai-Hu Tang (9.11%),which comprised 60.22% of the utilization rate of total Shang-Han formulae.Conclusions From the prescription patterns of Shang-Han formulae,there was no evidence of transitions among the six channels.Despite the fundamental role of Shang-Han Lun in traditional Chinese medicine,prescription of Shang-Han formulae was limited in clinical practice.

  3. [Research on Zhang's collated edition of Lei gong pao zhi lun (Master Lei's Discourse on Processing of Chinese Materia Medica)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Li

    2010-05-01

    Lei gong pao zhi lun (Master Lei's Discourse on Processing of Chinese Materia Medica) collated by Zhang Ji, and printed by Zhang's Yisheng Tang in Chengdu in 1932 was the first collated edition. Its original edition was not Jing shi zheng lei bei ji ben cao (Classified Materia Medica from Historical Classics for Emergency) of the Song Dynasty, but was Xiu shi zhi nan (Instruction for Drug Processing) and Lei gong pao zhi yao xing jie (Explanation on Master Lei's Properties of Drugs Processing) of the Qing Dynasty. The contents of this collated edition was far from Lei gong pao zhi lun with many mistakes, and was not the best edition to study Lei gong pao zhi lun.

  4. La recherche alpine aujourd’hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Jacques Brun

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Alpine research benefits from several international coordination networks, only one of which – ISCAR (the International Scientific Committee on Research in the Alps – works solely in the Alpine arc. The creation of ISCAR is a consequence of the input and involvement of various Alpine partners around the Alpine Convention. Alpine research now aims to promote an integrated vision of Alpine territories focusing on creating and maintaining spatial and temporal networks of sustainable relationships between humans and the other components of the ecosphere. It combines resource usage with conservation of the biological and cultural diversity that makes up the Alpine identity. This article aims to show: (1 how international Alpine research coordination is organised; (2 the role played by the Alpine Convention as a framework of reference for specifically Alpine research; and (3 the role that the ISCAR international commit-tee and the Interreg “Alpine Space” programmes play in uniting research around territorial challenges relating to biodiversity conservation and territorial development.La recherche sur les Alpes bénéficie de plusieurs réseaux de coordination internationaux dont un seul, le comité international recherche alpine (ISCAR, se consacre exclusivement à l’arc alpin. La création de l’ISCAR est une retombée de la mobilisation des divers partenaires alpins autour de la mise en place de la Convention alpine. Aujourd’hui, la recherche alpine vise à promouvoir une vision intégrée des territoires centrée sur la création et le maintien d’un réseau spatial et temporel de relations durables entre les hommes et les autres composantes de l’écosphère. Elle associe étroitement la mise en valeur des ressources et la conservation des diversités biologiques et culturelles qui constituent l’identité alpine. Cet article a pour ambition de montrer : (1 comment s’organise la coordination internationale des recherches sur les

  5. 《伤寒论》辨证方法探讨%The method on syndrome differentiation in Shanghan Lun

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨运高

    2012-01-01

    Based on investigating the differentiating method of Shanghan Lun, the authors pointed out that the differentiating method of Shanghan Lun was programmatic syndrome differentiation of six channels, zang-fu viscera syndrome differentiation, major syndrome differentiation, pulse condition syndrome differentiation, induction syndrome differentiation and heuristics syndrome differentiation.%探讨《伤寒论》辨证的方法,认为其主要有六经为纲、脏腑定位、主症辨证、主脉辨证、类证辨证、试探性辨证等辨证方法.

  6. Interleukin-6 genotypes and serum levels in Chinese Hui population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Shu-Ping; Liang, Shu; Pan, Min; Sun, Rong-Liang; Chen, Chu; Luan, Hong; Jiang, Min-Hui

    2014-01-01

    Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a key pro-inflammatory cytokine involved in different physiologic and pathophysiologic processes, and circulating levels of IL-6 differ greatly between individuals. The Chinese Hui is one of the largest ethnic minorities, little is known about the distribution of IL-6 genetic variations and their effects on serum levels in Hui population. The aim of the present study is to determine the prevalence of -174G/C (rs1800795), -597G/A (rs1800797), and -634C/G (rs1800796) polymorphisms in the IL-6 gene promoter region and their association with IL-6 serum levels in the Ningxia Hui population. A total of 96 Hui subjects, (57 men and 39 women; mean age 49.65 ± 19.73 years) unrelated nationality residents in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region were enrolled. Genotyping of the three polymorphisms were performed by polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) combined with gel electrophoresis and then confirmed by direct sequencing. The -174G/C (97.92% GG, 2.08% GC, and 0% CC) and -597G/A (98.96% GG, 1.04% GA, and 0% AA) polymorphisms were rare. The frequencies of -634C/G genotypes CC, CG, and GG were found to be 54.17%, 40.62%, and 5.21%, respectively in total studied subjects, the derived allele frequencies for the C and G alleles were 74.48% and 25.52%. Increased IL-6 levels were correlated with the IL-6 -634G allele carriers (CG+GG genotypes). The results suggest that IL-6 -174G/C and -597G/A are rare but -634C/G is common in the Ningxia Hui population, and the -634G allele is associated with circulating levels of IL-6.

  7. Interleukin-6 genotypes and serum levels in Chinese Hui population

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a key pro-inflammatory cytokine involved in different physiologic and pathophysiologic processes, and circulating levels of IL-6 differ greatly between individuals. The Chinese Hui is one of the largest ethnic minorities, little is known about the distribution of IL-6 genetic variations and their effects on serum levels in Hui population. The aim of the present study is to determine the prevalence of -174G/C (rs1800795), -597G/A (rs1800797), and -634C/G (rs1800796) pol...

  8. 重读《天演论》%Reflections on Tian Yan Lun

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王道还

    2012-01-01

    According to Benjamin Schwartz, Tian Yan Lun, published in 1898, represents "the first serious attempt since the Jesuits to present contemporary Western thought to the literati," and was therefore "bound to create a sensation." Indeed it was, and it has been one of the most discussed works published around the turn of the 20th century. Though readers and scholars ever since have been familiar with the fact that Tian Yan Lun is a translation of Thomas Huxley’s The Romanes Lecture (1893) and its Prolegomena (1894), few people have questioned Yan Fu’s qualifications for the job, while even fewer are concerned about what Huxley was really dealing with in his text. This paper introduces to Chinese scholars the context in which Huxley carefully crafted his text, and shows that Huxley presented in his text actually three theories of evolution: artificial selection, natural selection, and civilization. For Huxley, humanity’s social evolution is characteristically distinct from evolutions by artificial or natural selection: hence a position opposite to that of Herbert Spencer, who was regarded as an intellectual giant by Yan Fu. Then why did Yan Fu choose to translate Huxley’s text instead of Spencer’s? This paper concludes that the essence of Huxley’s theories of evolution, in particular the concept of selection, resonated harmoniously with Yan Fu’s belief in Xuan Xian Yu Neng ( or select the virtuous and the able for public services), an ideal ingrained in the Chinese political culture since the Zhou Dynasty.%《天演论》是中国现代思想史的起点,从此西方的学术思想一直是中国知识界必须面对的核心问题。可是,《天演论》是一本译作;译者严复的学问经历与赫胥黎只有部分交集——海军;他们的终极关怀也只有部分交集——演化论的人文意义。严复自认为在宣传赫胥黎的"自强保种"之道,当年的读书人对《天演论》热烈反应,全冲

  9. Research on modeling of nonlinear vibration isolation system based on BouceWen model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhi-ling PENG; Chun-gui ZHOU

    2014-01-01

    A feedforword neural network of multi-layer topologies for systems with hysteretic nonlinearity is constructed based on BouceWen dif-ferential model. It not only reflects the hysteresis force characteristics of the BouceWen model, but also determines its corresponding pa-rameters. The simulation results show that restoring forceedisplacement curve hysteresis loop is very close to the real curve. The model trained can accurately predict the time response of system. The model is checked under the noise level. The result shows that the model has higher modeling precision, good generalization capability and a certain anti-interference ability.

  10. [Study on processing adjuvant medicines in Lei Gong's treatise on preparation and broiling of materia medica (Leigong Paozhi Lun)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Wei; Zhang, Ruixian

    2010-09-01

    There were 268 kinds of medicines recorded in the book of Lei Gong's Treatise on preparation and broiling of materia medica (Leigong Paozhi Lun). Among these medicines, 178 medicines were prepared with adjuvant medicines, including general and special compatible adjuvant medicines. These adjuvant medicines used in this book can be explained by the theory of "seven-relation compatibility". The author tried to explain the usage and their compatibility of these adjuvant medicines and put forward that attention should be paid to the changes in functions of medicines and the influences of society should be paid attention.

  11. Effects of Wen Dan Tang on insomnia-related anxiety and levels of the brain-gut peptide Ghrelin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liye Wang; Binghe Guan; Xiaolan Liu; Yuehan Song; Feng Li; Yan Liu; Jie Ma; Meng Mao; Fengzhi Wu; Ying Wu; Sinai Li

    2014-01-01

    Ghrelin, a brain-gut peptide that induces anxiety and other abnormal emotions, contributes to the effects of insomnia on emotional behavior. In contrast, the traditional Chinese Medi-cine remedy Wen Dan Tang reduces insomnia-related anxiety, which may perhaps correspond to changes in the brain-gut axis. This suggests a possible relationship between Wen Dan Tang’s pharmacological mechanism and the brain-gut axis. Based on this hypothesis, a sleep-deprived rat model was induced and Wen Dan Tang was administered using oral gavage during model es-tablishment. Wen Dan Tang signiifcantly reduced insomnia-related anxiety and prevented Ghrelin level decreases following sleep deprivation, especially in the hypothalamus. Increased expression of Ghrelin receptor mRNA in the hypothalamus was also observed, suggesting that reduced anxi-ety may be a result of Wen Dan Tang’s regulation of Ghrelin-Ghrelin receptors.

  12. L’ESPACE MULTIPLIE CHEZ SARTRE : HUIS-CLOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Corina-Amelia GEORGESCU

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Du point de vue historique, le XXe siècle est le siècle le plus bouleversé de l’histoire connue de l’humanité, se caractérisant par plusieurs événements majeurs. C’est dans ce contexte que Jean-Paul Sartre se fraie un chemin dans la vie littéraire française en y apportant un souffle nouveau. Notre travail se propose d’analyser la pièce Huis clos dans le but de démontrer que lorque l’on parle de l’espace de l’emprisonnement, on doit prendre en considération qu’il ne s’agit pas d’un seul type d’espace et que celui-ci se multiplie justement pour rendre l’impossibilité d’y échapper.

  13. La langue scientifique arabe hier et aujourd'hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Layal Merhy

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Cet article propose un exposé concis des statuts de la langue scientifique arabe entre hier et aujourd'hui. Après avoir rapidement décrit le rôle des médias dans l'évolution de la langue, l'étude cherche à observer - dans le cadre de la diffusion sociale du savoir - le développement de la communication scientifique dans le Monde Arabe. Aussitôt, cette tentative d'analyse tâche de repérer les contraintes qui freinent l'évolution scientifique et linguistique dans les pays arabes et d'ouvrir la voie à des perspectives d'amélioration futures.

  14. Isomeric ratio measurements for the radiative neutron capture 176Lu(n ,γ ) at the LANL DANCE facility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Denis-Petit, D.; Roig, O.; Méot, V.; Morillon, B.; Romain, P.; Jandel, M.; Kawano, T.; Vieira, D. J.; Bond, E. M.; Bredeweg, T. A.; Couture, A. J.; Haight, R. C.; Keksis, A. L.; Rundberg, R. S.; Ullmann, J. L.

    2016-11-01

    The isomeric ratios for the neutron capture reaction 176Lu(n ,γ ) to the Jπ=5 /2- , 761.7 keV, T1 /2=32.8 ns and the Jπ=15 /2+ , 1356.9 keV, T1 /2=11.1 ns levels of 177Lu have been measured for the first time. The experiment was carried out with the Detector for Advanced Neutron Capture Experiments (DANCE) at the Los Alamos National Laboratory. Measured isomeric ratios are compared with talys calculations using different models for photon strength functions, level densities, and optical potentials. In order to reproduce the experimental γ -ray spectra, a low-energy resonance must be added in the photon strength function used in our Hauser-Feshbach calculations.

  15. Jian Shu Wen Qing Tang Used in the Treatment for 60 Cases of Irritable Bowel Syndrome

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴家瑜; 罗世忠

    2004-01-01

    @@ Based on the TCM theory of strengthening the spleen, soothing the liver, warming the middle-jiao, and purging the bowels, the author of this article has treated 60 cases of irritable bowel syndrome with the self-made prescription of Jian Shu Wen Qing Tang (健疏温清汤 Decoction for Strengthening the Spleen, Soothing the Liver, Warming the Middle-jiao, and Purging the Bowels), and has obtained good therapeutic results. The following is a report of it.

  16. Relationship between Lower Motor Neuron Atrophy and Wei Syndrome in Su Wen%下运动神经元瘫与《素问》痿病相关性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐东一

    2016-01-01

    The clinical manifestations of the lower motor neuron atrophy are muscle weakness ,muscle atro-phy and fasciculation. They are similar to the wei disease described in Su Wen Wei Lun,which manifests as weak feet,claw dry and muscle tremor. Actually the muscle tremor is fasciculation,not the weakness and flaccidity of the muscles. Wei disease includes motor neuron disease or other lower motor neuron paralysis disease of the modern medicine,but not includes the upper motor neuron paralysis and muscle atrophy myo-genic disease. According to the theory that “treatment of atrophy should be focused on yangming channel”, invigrating spleen and tonifying stomach could achieve satisfactory effects.%下运动神经元瘫临床表现的肌无力、肌萎缩和肌束震颤与《素问·痿论》所述痿病之足痿不用、爪枯、肉蠕动相似。肉蠕动是指肌束颤动,而非肌肉软弱无力。根据临床表现,痿病应包含现代医学的运动神经元病或其他下运动神经元瘫痪性疾病,而不包含上运动神经元瘫和肌源性肌萎缩疾病。根据“治痿独取阳明”的理论,应用健脾养胃法治疗此类疾病效果较好。

  17. [To explore "the relief time" of diseases involving the six meridians in Shang Han Lun in light of the sequence of three yin and three yang].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yue, Xiao-Qiang; Yang, Xue; Cui, Jian

    2008-02-01

    The time of six meridians diseases tending to be cured in Shang Han Lun (Treatise on Cold Diseases) is always one of the key points for study, but up till now no satisfied explanations are made. The authors try to study it on the basis of the theory of "three-yin and three-yang" according to the relationship between human body and the environment.

  18. Learning from Reading Pi Wei Lun (Treatise on Spleen and Stomach)%研读经典--《脾胃论》心得

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏晓光; 吴兴全; 王健

    2015-01-01

    Pi Wei Lun (Treatise on Spleen and Stomach) was written by Li Gao in his later life, which accumulated his academic TCM experience in his whole life. It contains medical thoughts, medical expertise, and formula application, which still have significant learning and reference value for today’s clinic. This article systematically studied Pi Wei Lun (Treatise on Spleen and Stomach), discussed the relationship between Pi Wei Lun (Treatise on Spleen and Stomach) and physiology of Zang-fu organs, pathology of Zang-fu organs, clinical medication, clinical diseases, and expounded its enlightenment for the learning of TCM classics.%《脾胃论》是李杲晚年撰写的总结其一生学术经验的著作,其中的医学思想、医疗经验、方药运用对当今临床仍有重要的学习和参考价值。本文通过系统研究《脾胃论》,探讨《脾胃论》与脏腑生理、脏腑病理、临床用药、临床疾病的关系,及其对中医经典著作学习的启发。

  19. Biogeochemical characteristics of Kuan-Tzu-Ling, Chung-Lun and Bao-Lai hot springs in southern Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maity, Jyoti Prakash; Liu, Chia-Chuan; Nath, Bibhash; Bundschuh, Jochen; Kar, Sandeep; Jean, Jiin-Shuh; Bhattacharya, Prosun; Liu, Jiann-Hong; Atla, Shashi B; Chen, Chien-Yen

    2011-01-01

    Hot springs are the important natural sources of geothermally heated groundwater from the Earth's crust. Kuan-Tzu-Ling (KTL), Chung-Lun (CL) and Bao-Lai (BL) are well-known hot springs in southern Taiwan. Fluid and mud (sediments) samples were collected from the eruption points of three hot springs for detailed biogeochemical characterization. The fluid sample displays relatively high concentrations of Na(+) and Cl(-) compared with K(+), Mg(2+), Ca(2+), NO(2) (-), and SO(4) (2-), suggesting a possible marine origin. The concentrations of Fe, Cr, Mn, Ni, V and Zn were significantly higher in the mud sediments compared with fluids, whereas high concentrations of As, Ba, Cu, Se, Sr and Rb were observed in the fluids. This suggests that electronegative elements were released during sediment-water interactions. High As concentration in the fluids was observed to be associated with low redox (Eh) conditions. The FTIR spectra of the humic acid fractions of the sediments showed the presence of possible functional groups of secondary amines, ureas, urethanesm (amide), and silicon. The sulfate-reducing deltaproteobacterium 99% similar to Desulfovibrio psychrotolerans (GU329907) were rich in the CL hot spring while mesophilic, proteolytic, thiosulfate- and sulfur-reducing bacterium that 99% similar to Clostridium sulfidigenes (GU329908) were rich in the BL hot spring.

  20. Eric Wen

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CLAIRE LI

    2008-01-01

    @@ How did you come to open a snowboard shop? I attended Shenyang Sports University,and was very interested in sports photography.During my second year of university,I worked part-time for a snowboard company and started getting to know about snowboarding and skiing.I gradually found snowboarding as intriguing as photography and it became one of my main hobbies.After working for the company part-time for three years,I graduated and came to Shanghai.

  1. Medical Reform Should Follow Market Rules——Exclusive interview with Professor Hai Wen,Vice President of Peking University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张翼; 孙晨

    2008-01-01

    Hai Wen, economist and vice president of Peking University, has for many years been involved in in-depth investigation and research of China’s medical reform, earning a reputation as one of the foremost economists in the field of medical reform. However, in the recent debate on medical reform policy, Hai Wen deliberately decided to keep a low profile. In his view, some of the ideas coming out of academic circles these days are "too short-sighted and political-motivated." During this interview, he talks about this recent round of medical reform debate, its challenges, and prospects for future reform.

  2. Proof and Pedagogy in Ancient China: Examples from Liu Hui's Commentary on "JIU ZHANG SUAN SHU".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siu, Man-Keung

    1993-01-01

    Illustrates the pedagogical implications embodied in Liu Hui's discussion on the ancient Chinese mathematical classic "JIU ZHANG SUAN SHU" (Nine Chapters on the Mathematical Art) with respect to aspects of proof and, more generally, the role of proof in mathematics. Provides examples involving area and volume. (Contains 25 references.) (MDH)

  3. When Liu Hui Meets Archimedes: Students' Epistemological and Cultural Interpretations of Mathematics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Po-Hung

    2014-01-01

    The present study aimed to investigate in what way and to what extent Taiwanese college students' epistemological views of mathematics had evolved during a history-based liberal arts mathematics course titled: "When Liu Hui Meets Archimedes--Development of Eastern and Western Mathematics." The course was designed to help college students…

  4. Take Pictures of the Motherland : Zhao Hui and His Photo Collection "China Story"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TangJinghua; ZhaoHui

    2003-01-01

    A story can be narrated in different ways. As to the story about China, Zhao Hui's version is unique. This is a story presented by camera lens, a story that unfolds a cultural China with vitality and grandeur. One can be all but overwhelmed by its new means of presentation, its new concept of photographing,

  5. GENETIC POLYMORPHISM OF SIX Y CHROMOSOMAL STR IN CHINESE HUI ETHNIC GROUP

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhu Bofeng; Lü Guiping; Yao Guifa; Zhu Jun; Dong Hongwang; Sun Qingdong; Huang Lei; Liu Yao

    2005-01-01

    Objective To study genetic polymorphism of 6 Y chromosomal STR in Hui ethnic group living in Ningxia Hui ethnic autonomous region, in order to evaluate their usefulness in forensic science and enrich the Chinese genetic information resources. Methods We investigated 101 unrelated, healthy, male individuals of Hui ethnic group and studied their allelic frequency distribution and haplotype diversity of 6 Y chromosomal STR. Primer for each loci was labeled with the fluorescent by FAM (blue) or TAMRA(yellow). The data of Hui ethnic group were generated co-amplification, GeneScan, genotype, and genetic distribution analysis. Results 31 alleles and 43 phenotype(DYS385) were detected, with the frequencies ranging from 0.0099-0.7129. Out of a total of 101 individuals, 96 showed different haplotypes; 91 were unique; 5 were found 2 times. The haplotype diversity for 6 Y-STR loci was 0.9990. Conclusion The date obtained can be valuable for individual identification, paternity testing in forensic fields and for population genetics because of 6 Y-STR loci high polymorphism.

  6. 《素问》的人体观%Human body structure in Su Wen

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨仕哲

    2011-01-01

    The ancient medical book Su Wen states that the human is a dual composition of physical and spiritual bodies. Thus, if only physical perspectives were applied to interpret its medical terms, confusion would result because of the misunderstanding of spiritual terms. The descriptions in Su Wen didn' t show a complete anatomy system or at least at organ levels. The fragments of its context revealed proofs of gross anatomical studies with measurement in ancient China. Su Wen was not a special work for the circulatory route of the channels, so the anatomy terms used was simple. The anatomy position of the body couldn' t be judged. The elementary superficial anatomy system formed, which can be traced from the superficial anatomy locations expounded in the book.%主张人体是由有形的"形"(即肉体)和无形的"神"(即能量体)所结合的,因此后世若单纯用"形"的现代解剖学角度来检视,便会产生很多争议.至于形体的解剖,虽然没有提出全面性或至少在器官系统上完整性的解剖文献,但它明确的告知,中国古人确曾"论理人形"和运用度量衡进行过形体的测量,书中有许多关于脏腑和其他组织的片段解剖细节可当作佐证.由于不是描述经脉循行路线的专书,所以其中解剖方位术语的应用比较简略,无法由此看出所采用的解剖姿势.但是也叙述了不少表面解剖部位,所以已成俱备表面解剖部位的体系.

  7. 文廷式与日本文人的交游——以与野口宇斋的交往为中心%The Interaction between Wen Tingshi and Japanese Writers --Focusing on Wen Tingshi And Neisai Noguchi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹双双

    2011-01-01

    Wen Tingshi is well known among history scholars in Japan, as he contributed much to the foundation of the subject of Japan's Oriental history. Wen gave Konan Naito a copy of The Secret History of The Mongols which later spread in Japan and was translated into Japanese--The Documentary of Genghis Khan. The Document of Genghis Khanwas considered as the first accomplishment of the Oriental history field. Besides Konan Naito, Wen also communicated with many Japanese writers, of which Neisai Noguchi was the most intimate one. This paper is aimed at making clear the exchanges between Wen and Japanese writers, catching the image of Wen in Japanese writers' eyes, and through Wen's case presenting an instance of the interaction between China and Japan.%在日本史学界,几乎无人不知文廷式的名字.因为正是由他抄录《元朝秘史》并托日本友人内藤湖南带入日本,才有“东洋史学”的开山之作《成吉思汗实录》的问世。除内藤湖南外,文廷式还与众多的日本文人有过交往,其中交情最深的当属野口宁斋。本文则试图通过考察文廷式与野口宁斋等日本文人的交游情况,来重现日本文人眼中的文廷式形象,以待展现中日文化交流的一隅。

  8. METHODOLOGY FOR THE ESTIMATION OF PARAMETERS, OF THE MODIFIED BOUC-WEN MODEL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomasz HANISZEWSKI

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Bouc-Wen model is theoretical formulation that allows to reflect real hysteresis loop of modeled object. Such object is for example a wire rope, which is present on equipment of crane lifting mechanism. Where adopted modified version of the model has nine parameters. Determination of such a number of parameters is complex and problematic issue. In this article are shown the methodology to identify and sample results of numerical simulations. The results were compared with data obtained on the basis of laboratory tests of ropes [3] and on their basis it was found that there is compliance between results and there is possibility to apply in dynamic systems containing in their structures wire ropes [4].

  9. [Li Wen-Rong's experience on acupuncture at painful locality taken as acupoint].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Qing-Lin; Li, Jun

    2010-04-01

    Doctor Li Wen-Rong, who has been practicing acupuncture for five decades by combination of the meridian theory of TCM and related modern medical science, has still been active in acupuncture clinic, especially in acupuncture manipulation based on the method of acupuncture at painful locality taken as acupoint, Jiaji (EX-B 2) being selected as the main acupoints and Back-shu acupoints of the Bladder Meridian as adjuvant acupoints, except the acupoints on the limbs, and the selected acupoints being relatively concentrated and the needles being inserted in tender points for treatment of relevant nervous system diseases and complicated chronic cases, which has formed her own academic style. In this article, the authors introduce some of her medical records by using acupuncture manipulation based on the method of acupuncture at painful locality taken as acupoint for treatment of facial paralysis, renal colic and rheumatoid arthritis, and the main idea of this article is to summarize and analyze her academic thoughts.

  10. Sur deux mémoires de d'Alembert l'un concernant le calcul des probabilités, l'autre l'inoculation

    CERN Document Server

    Diderot, Denis

    2015-01-01

    Extrait : ""M. d'Alembert vient de publier ses Opuscules mathématiques. Il y a dans ce recueil deux mémoires qu'il n'est pas impossible de réduire à la langue ordinaire de la raison. L'un a pour objet le calcul des probabilités ; calcul dont l'application a tant d'importance et d'étendu. C'est proprement la science physico-mathématique de la vie. L'autre traite des avantages ou désavantages de l'inoculation.""

  11. Introduction to Professor ZHENG Hui-tian's Clinical Experience in Treating Urethral Syndrome

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YUAN Ling-song; YUAN Shun-xing; HAUNG Guo-qi

    2003-01-01

    @@ Prof. ZHENG Hui-tian organized the project of "Acupuncture Treatment of Urethral Syndrome by the Method to Reinforce the Kidney and Warm Yang", which won the second prize for scientific achievements awarded by State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine and the second prize for the scientific achievements awarded by Shanghai Municipal Science Commission in 1996 and was introduced to the whole nation as a scientific achievement of traditional Chinese medicine in 1997.

  12. 《伤寒论》腹诊方法与应用%The Method and Application of Abdominal Diagnosis in ShangHanLun

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋瑞芳

    2011-01-01

    从腹诊的部位、方法、意义与应用4个方面阐述东汉末年张仲景所总结的前人应用腹诊的方法.该方法把腹诊与临床诊断、辨证论治及方药密切联系起来,开创了腹诊与方药治疗相结合的先河,为后世腹诊的发展、完善奠定了基础.%This article clarified previous method of abdominal diagnosis summarized by ZHA NG Zhong-jing on ShangHanLun in DongHan Dynasty fiom fonr areas-the site,methods,significauce and application of abdominal diagnosis,at the same time ShangHanLun combined the abdominal diagnosis with clinical diagnosis and the treatment of prescription treatment closed,creating a precedent of abdominal diagnosis and prescription treanent,to provide foundation for the later development and improvement of abdominal diagnosis.

  13. A New Study on the Dunhuang Manuscripts Chajiu Lun%敦煌写本《茶酒论》新考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈静

    2015-01-01

    The Dunhuang version of Chajiu Lun ( On Tea and Wine) consists of seven manuscripts rather than six, as was previously supposed. Four of these pages record the name of the author in different ways. Considering the development of tea culture in the Tang dynasty, the Chajiu Lun can be presumed to have been written around 800-805 CE. Certain transcription characteristics reveal that many culturally educated persons from the lower classes of society greatly enjoyed this text and even copied it for their own use.%敦煌写本《茶酒论》应为七个写本,而非学界一直认为的六个;四个写本抄有作者姓名,但作者姓名的写法不一致;结合唐代茶文化发展状况,《茶酒论》的创作时间或可推定为800-805年之间。从传写特征看,《茶酒论》写本是民间一些有文化的底层人士,出于个人喜爱,随手抄写,留为自用。

  14. Premier Wen Jiabao Chaired a State Council Executive Meeting to Review and Deploy the Program to Further Implement the Restructuring and Reinvigoration Plan for Key Industries

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ Premier Wen Jiabao chaired a State Council executive meeting to review and deploy the program to further implement the restructuring and reinvigoration plan for key industries on February 24th,2010.

  15. Recognition on "the Theory of Bailment" from CI Works by Wen Jingjun%温庭筠词“寄托说”再认识

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宫则瑾

    2012-01-01

    Wen Tingyun pioneered the genre of the Ci works in the history of Chinese literature.Ci works by Wen plays a special paradigm role in the history of Ci.Most focus and controversy over Wen Ci lies in whether his Ci embodies moral and bailment.Based on interpretation of the previous comments,the paper deems Wen Ci without deliberate life meaning and bailment.%温庭筠开创了中国文学史上第一个词的流派。温词在词史上有着特殊的范式作用。温词人们关注最多也是存在争议之处,则是其词有无寓意与寄托。本文在阐释前人评说基础上进行分析,认为温词无刻意的命意与寄托。

  16. Association of Apo-E gene polymorphism with biochemical and lipid metabolism parameters in patients with diabetic nephropathy of Hui and Han populations in Gansu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭茜

    2006-01-01

    Objective To study the association of apolipoprotein (Apo) E gene polymorphism with difference in biochemical metabolism of diabetic nephropathy of Hui and Han populations. Methods ApoE genotype was determined by PCR-RFLP in diabetic patients with or without diabetic nephropathy (DN) and normal peoples in Hui and Han peoples, the related biochemical parameters were simultaneously detected. Results (1) Huis had 3 genotypes, i. e. E2/E3, E3/E3 and E3/E4, and their fre-

  17. The Variation of Riverbed Material due to Tropical Storms in Shi-Wen River, Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chin-Ping Lin

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Taiwan, because of its location, is a flood prone region and is characterised by typhoons which brings about two-thirds to three quarters of the annual rainfall amount. Consequently, enormous flows result in rivers and entrain some fractions of the grains that constitute the riverbed. Hence, the purpose of the study is to quantify the impacts of these enormous flows on the distribution of grain size in riverbeds. The characteristics of riverbed material prior to and after the typhoon season are compared in Shi-Wen River located at southern Taiwan. These include grain size variation, bimodality, and roughness coefficient. A decrease (65% and increase (50% in geometric mean size of grains were observed for subsurface and surface bed material, respectively. Geometric standard deviation decreased in all sites after typhoon. Subsurface material was bimodal prior to typhoons and polymodal after. For surface material, modal class is in the gravel class, while after typhoons it shifts towards cobble class. The reduction in geometric mean resulted to a decrease in roughness coefficient by up to 30%. Finally, the relationship of Shields and Froude numbers are studied and a change in the bed form to antidunes and transition form is observed, respectively.

  18. The variation of riverbed material due to tropical storms in Shi-Wen River, Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Chin-Ping; Wang, Yu-Min; Tfwala, Samkele S; Chen, Ching-Nuo

    2014-01-01

    Taiwan, because of its location, is a flood prone region and is characterised by typhoons which brings about two-thirds to three quarters of the annual rainfall amount. Consequently, enormous flows result in rivers and entrain some fractions of the grains that constitute the riverbed. Hence, the purpose of the study is to quantify the impacts of these enormous flows on the distribution of grain size in riverbeds. The characteristics of riverbed material prior to and after the typhoon season are compared in Shi-Wen River located at southern Taiwan. These include grain size variation, bimodality, and roughness coefficient. A decrease (65%) and increase (50%) in geometric mean size of grains were observed for subsurface and surface bed material, respectively. Geometric standard deviation decreased in all sites after typhoon. Subsurface material was bimodal prior to typhoons and polymodal after. For surface material, modal class is in the gravel class, while after typhoons it shifts towards cobble class. The reduction in geometric mean resulted to a decrease in roughness coefficient by up to 30%. Finally, the relationship of Shields and Froude numbers are studied and a change in the bed form to antidunes and transition form is observed, respectively.

  19. Knowledge management in administratitve units of municipals Þekkingarmiðlun í stjórnsýslu sveitarfélaga

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hildur Ösp Gylfadóttir

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to analyse knowledge management (KM among the administrative units of Icelandic municipalities, with að special emphasis on knowledge sharing. An online survey was sent to nearly all the personnel of all the Icelandic municipalities’ administration. In total 385 individuals responded to the survey, a response rate of 63.3%. Also, five key employees within the administration of the municipalities were interviewed. The main conclusion indicates that there is no explicit strategy within the administration of Icelandic municipalities that supports knowledge sharing even though many methods of knowledge management are used to a certain degree. Organizational culture supports knowledge sharing in certain ways but without strategic intention. The larger municipalities have implemented more aspects of KM than the smaller ones. Positive correlation was found between incentives of managers to disseminate knowledge and knowledge sharing and between organizational culture and knowledge sharing. The respondents believe that the municipalities could provide better services if knowledge sharing were more systematic.Markmið greinarinnar er að öðlast yfirsýn yfir þekkingarstjórnun í stjórnsýslu íslenskra sveitarfélaga, með sérstakri áherslu á þekkingarmiðlun. Rafræn könnun var lögð fyrir starfsmenn stjórnsýslu sveitarfélaga sem hafa fleiri en 1500 íbúa, að Reykjavík, Mosfellsbæ og Hafnarfirði undanskildum. Alls svöruðu 385 einstaklingar og svarhlutfall því 63,3%. Einnig voru tekin fimm viðtöl við lykilstarfsmenn hjá sveitarfélögum. Helstu niðurstöður eru þær að hjá stjórnsýslu íslenskra sveitarfélaga er ekki skýr stefnumótun sem styður við þekkingarmiðlun þó svo að margar aðferðir þekkingarstjórnunar séu til staðar í einhverjum mæli. Stærri sveitarfélög hafa tekið fleiri þætti þekkingarstjórnunar í notkun en minni sveitarfélög. Vinnustaðamenning styður

  20. 宫洪涛教授从相火论治不寐%Experience of Pro.GONG Hong-tao for treating insomnia from Xianghuo Lun

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    傅会娟; 宫洪涛

    2015-01-01

    Pro.GONG Hong-tao was good at treating insomnia from Xianghuo Lun, the professor thought that Xianghuo was closely related to insomnia. Insomnia was divided into Xu and Shi, and treated from Xianghuo, all achieved good effects.%宫洪涛教授临证擅治不寐,常从相火论治,认为相火与不寐的关系密切,从相火的生理、病理出发,将不寐分为虚实两端,从相火角度分别辨证论治,并在临床上取得了显著的疗效。

  1. Les Totonaques aujourd’hui, entre crise du développement et nouvelles revendications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolas Ellison

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available La population de langue totonaque, qui compte aujourd’hui un peu plus de 400,000 locuteurs, se concentre principalement dans le nord-est de l’Etat de Puebla et le centre-nord de l’Etat de Veracruz. C’est la région du Totonacapan, le « pays totonaque ». La langue totonaque constitue avec le tepehua un groupe isolé, mais on sait que les Totonaques ont participé à la construction des fameuses pyramides de Teotihuacan (au nord de Mexico avant de s’installer sur le pourtour du Golfe du Mexique, ...

  2. Comparison of the HUI3 and the EQ-5D-3L in a nursing home setting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-01-01

    Background Accurately assessing changes in the quality of life of older people living permanently in nursing homes is important. The multi-attribute utility instrument most commonly used and recommended to assess health-related quality of life in the nursing home population is the three-level EuroQol EQ-5D-3L. To date, there have been no studies using the Health Utilities Index Mark III (HUI3). The purpose of this study was to compare the level of agreement and sensitivity to change of the EQ-5D-3L and HUI3 in a nursing home population. Methods EQ-5D-3L and HUI3 scores were measured as part of a cluster randomised controlled trial of nurse led care coordination in a nursing home population in Perth, Western Australia at baseline and 6-month follow up. Results Both measures were completed for 199 residents at baseline and 177 at 6-month follow-up. Mean baseline utility scores for EQ-5D-3L (0.45; 95% CI 0.41–0.49) and HUI3 (0.15; 95% CI 0.10–0.20) were significantly different (Wilcoxon signed rank test, p<0.01) and agreement was poor to moderate between absolute scores from each instrument (intra-class correlation coefficient = 0.63). The EQ-5D-3L appeared more sensitive to change over the 6-month period. Conclusion Our findings show that the EQ-5D-3L and HUI3 estimate different utility scores among nursing home residents. These differences should be taken into account, particularly when considering the implications of the cost-effectiveness of particular interventions and we conclude that the HUI3 is no better suited to measuring health-related quality of life in a nursing home population when compared to the EQ-5D-3L. PMID:28234983

  3. Focal Depth of the WenChuan Earthquake Aftershocks from modeling of Seismic Depth Phases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Y.; Zeng, X.; Chong, J.; Ni, S.; Chen, Y.

    2008-12-01

    After the 05/12/2008 great WenChuan earthquake in Sichuan Province of China, tens of thousands earthquakes occurred with hundreds of them stronger than M4. Those aftershocks provide valuable information about seismotectonics and rupture processes for the mainshock, particularly accurate spatial distribution of aftershocks is very informational for determining rupture fault planes. However focal depth can not be well resolved just with first arrivals recorded by relatively sparse network in Sichuan Province, therefore 3D seismicity distribution is difficult to obtain though horizontal location can be located with accuracy of 5km. Instead local/regional depth phases such as sPmP, sPn, sPL and teleseismic pP,sP are very sensitive to depth, and be readily modeled to determine depth with accuracy of 2km. With reference 1D velocity structure resolved from receiver functions and seismic refraction studies, local/regional depth phases such as sPmP, sPn and sPL are identified by comparing observed waveform with synthetic seismograms by generalized ray theory and reflectivity methods. For teleseismic depth phases well observed for M5.5 and stronger events, we developed an algorithm in inverting both depth and focal mechanism from P and SH waveforms. Also we employed the Cut and Paste (CAP) method developed by Zhao and Helmberger in modeling mechanism and depth with local waveforms, which constrains depth by fitting Pnl waveforms and the relative weight between surface wave and Pnl. After modeling all the depth phases for hundreds of events , we find that most of the M4 earthquakes occur between 2-18km depth, with aftershocks depth ranging 4-12km in the southern half of Longmenshan fault while aftershocks in the northern half featuring large depth range up to 18km. Therefore seismogenic zone in the northern segment is deeper as compared to the southern segment. All the aftershocks occur in upper crust, given that the Moho is deeper than 40km, or even 60km west of the

  4. [A preliminary report on the investigation of medicinal plant resources in the Liupan Mountains of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Y; Pu, X; Sun, J; Zhang, G

    1990-02-01

    In this paper, 423 species of medicinal plants belonging to 94 families in Liupan Mountains of Ningzia Hui Autonomous Region have been reported, of which 403 species belonging to 79 families are medicinal spermatophytes. The paper may serve as a reference for medical authorities in developing and utilizing plant resources.

  5. Content analysis of "Diagnose and treatment of cholera in Shanghan Lun (Treatise on Febrile Diseases)"%《伤寒论·辨霍乱病脉证并治》浅析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴葆莹; 吴崇旭; 吴崇典

    2010-01-01

    分析篇的内存,在伤寒之类病中出现类似"霍乱"、以严重"吐利"为突出表现的病证,将其冠以"崔乱病"之名.撰用了"霍乱"之名,表明这类胃肠型伤寒之类病的特点,又有"霍乱"与伤寒的"雀乱病"鉴别诊断的意义.%By analyzing "Diagnose and treatment of cholera in Shanghan Lun (Treatise on Febrile Diseases)", we found that such symptoms as serious vomiting and dysentery appeared in febrile diseases, which is similar to cholera. Therefore, Shanghan Lun named it "cholera illness". This name not only clearly manifested the characteristics of such gastrointestinal-febrile disease, but also emphasized the significance of differential diagnosis between cholera with "cholera illness" in febrile diseases.

  6. PBL教学法在中医伤寒论研究生教学中的应用探索%Application of Problem-Based Learning in Graduate teaching of Shanghan Lun in Traditional Chinese medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢宇杰

    2014-01-01

    Problem-based Learning(PBL)教学法是以问题为基础,学生为主体,教师为主导的教学模式。本文从中医伤寒论研究生教学特点及伤寒论课程特点出发,探讨PBL教学法在伤寒论研究生课堂教学中的应用优势及要求。%Problem-based Learning(PBL) is student- centred and teacher-oriented. This article discusses the advantage and requires of PBL in Graduate class teaching of Shanghan Lun based from the characteristics of Graduate teaching of Shanghan Lun and the characteristics of the course.

  7. Bian Zheng Lun Zhi as a Complementary and Alternative Treatment for Menstrual Cramps in Women with Dysmenorrhea: A Prospective Clinical Observation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pin-Yi Lin

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Limited scientific evidence supports the positive effects of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM for treating dysmenorrhea. Thus, an observation period of 3 months could verify the ancient indication that TCM treatments effectively alleviate menstrual cramps in women with primary dysmenorrhea or endometriosis. Methods. A prospective, nonrandomized study (primary dysmenorrhea and endometriosis groups was conducted in women with dysmenorrhea for more than three consecutive menstrual cycles. All patients received TCM prescriptions based on bian zheng lun zhi theory 14 days before menstruation for a period of 12 weeks. Pain intensity was evaluated using a 10-cm visual analogue scale and two validated questionnaires (the Menstrual Distress Questionnaire and the World Health Organization Quality of Life questionnaire. Results. Of the initial 70 intent-to-treat participants, the women with dysmenorrhea reported significant alleviation of cramps during menstruation after the 12-week TCM treatment. Mixed model analysis revealed that TCM prescriptions were more effective in alleviating fatigue, hot flashes, dizziness, painful breasts, excitement, and irritability in the primary dysmenorrhea group (N=36 than in the endometriosis group (N=34. Conclusion. TCM prescriptions based on syndrome differentiation theory might be a potentially viable choice for treating painful menstruation and premenstrual symptoms after ruling out endometriosis.

  8. “You are back home!”——On Premier Wen Jiabao’s Meeting with Japanese Orphans Delegation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    <正>Beijing,November 11,2009 The sky was exceptionally blue after the first snow.The temperature was low,but people could feel the bright sunshine’s warmth.For the members of the Japanese orphans delegation, they felt especially so because they would soon meet Premier Wen Jiabao whom they had been longing to see.

  9. Chinese Circulations. Capital, Commodities, and Networks in Southeast Asia, Eric Tagliacozzo & Wen-Chin Chang (éds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean Baffie

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Cet ouvrage est une contribution majeure à l’étude des activités commerciales des Chinois d’Asie du Sud-Est, particulièrement du commerce entre les Chinois installés en Asie du Sud-Est et la Chine. Il est publié sous la direction d’un historien de l’université de Cornell aux États-Unis, Eric Tagliacozzo, spécialiste de l’Asie du Sud-Est musulmane, de l’Insulinde, principalement, et de Wen-Chin Chang, anthropologue au CAPAS de l’Academia Sinica et spécialiste des Chinois yunnanais de la Thaïla...

  10. Media messages and the needs of infants and young children after Cyclone Nargis and the WenChuan earthquake.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gribble, Karleen D

    2013-01-01

    Infants and young children are vulnerable in emergencies. The media plays an important role in aid delivery and has a positive impact when reports are accurate. However, the media has been implicated in encouraging harmful aid in the form of donations of infant formula and other milk products. Internet-based media reports were collected after Cyclone Nargis in Myanmar and the WenChuan Earthquake in China (2008) and examined for content related to infant and young child feeding. Common messages identified included that: babies are vulnerable; stress prevents breastfeeding; and providing infant formula saves lives. Messages rarely reported included that: artificial feeding is dangerous; and breastfeeding protects infants. This analysis suggests that current patterns of media reporting may encourage harmful aid and increase child morbidity and mortality. Aid organisations should encourage the media to report accurately on the needs of infant and young children in emergencies so as to improve aid delivery.

  11. Review of BAN Xiu-wens Academic Thoughts%班秀文学术思想研究概述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蓝丽霞; 员晓云; 戴铭; 张璐砾

    2012-01-01

    国医大师班秀文教授对中医经典著作和历代名家学术思想颇有研究,他擅长治疗内、妇、儿科疑难杂病,其中,对中医妇科造诣尤深.不少学者对其学术思想有所探讨和研究,本文对近25年来,学者们对班秀文学术思想的研究状况进行综述.%Professor BAN Xiu-wen has studied TCM classics and academic thoughts and he is good at treating internal diseases,gynaecology and paediatrics diseases,pediatric diseases and difficult miscellaneous diseases. He is especially skilled at TCM gynecological attainments. Many scholars have studied its academic thoughts , this paper reviewed the BAN's academic thought research in recent 25 years.

  12. Aralia elata var. mandshurica (Rupr. & Maxim.) J.Wen: An overview of pharmacological studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shikov, Alexander N; Pozharitskaya, Olga N; Makarov, Valery G

    2016-11-15

    Aralia elata var. mandshurica (Rupr. & Maxim.) J.Wen syn. A. mandshurica Rupr. & Maxim is evaluated for its medicinal application. The aim of this study is to analyze pharmacological studies on A. elata var. mandshurica published until December 2015. The information regarding the chemistry, safety, effectiveness, and pharmacological and clinical effects of A. elata was systematically collected from the scientific literature through library catalogs; online services such as E-library.ru, Medline/PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and Google Scholar. A. elata is often considered an example of a medicinal plant used in Chinese, Korean, and Japanese traditional medicine. However, the contemporary applications of Aralia in officinal medicine result primarily from a large number of pharmacological and clinical investigations carried out in the former USSR in the mid-20th century. Since the 1950s, medicinal preparations from radices of A. elata and radices of A. mandshurica have secured an established position within Russian/USSR medicine as evidenced by the inclusion of the drug in recent editions of the National Pharmacopoeia of the USSR and in the Register of Medicinal Preparations of Russia. Pharmacological studies on animals have shown that Aralia increases physical working capacity and affords a stress-protective effect against a broad spectrum of harmful factors including cold stress, immobilization, UV irradiation, and low air pressure. The phytoadaptogen exerts an effect on the central nervous, reproductive, immune, respiratory, and gastrointestinal systems; the metabolic syndrome including hypolipidemic and antidiabetic effects; and blood coagulation. Together with general properties of adaptogens, Aralia has its own specificity, which manifests in cardioprotective and antiarrhythmic activities. Studies on isolated organs, cells, and enzymes have revealed that Aralia preparations exhibit antioxidant activities and enhance sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase

  13. Association of TCF7L2 gene polymorphisms with susceptibility to type 2 diabetes mellitus in a Chinese Hui population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Y; Xu, J R; Wang, Y J; Liu, X M

    2015-08-21

    Diabetes is one of costly chronic diseases. Previous studies across several ethnicities have shown that polymorphisms in the transcription factor 7-like 2 (TCF7L2) gene were strongly associated with susceptibility to type 2 diabetes (T2DM). In the present study, the association between the TCF7L2 gene and the susceptibility to T2DM in a Chinese Hui population was interrogated. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)- restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis and allelic specific PCR were employed for examining the TCF7L2 gene rs12255372 (G>T) and rs290487 (C>T), and rs7901695 (T>C) polymorphisms, respectively, in 109 healthy individuals and 111 subjects with T2DM who were of Chinese Hui descent and lived in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region of China. The results showed that the genotypic frequency of rs290487 and the allelic frequency distributions of the rs7901695 and rs290487 loci were not significantly different between patients and controls in this population. However, both the genotypic and the allelic frequencies at rs12255372 exhibited statistical differences between the patients with T2DM and the unaffected cohort (P 2255372 locus in the patients was higher than that in healthy individuals (OR = 1.198, 95%CI = 1.097-1.307). These findings suggest that the TCF7L2 rs12255372 (G>T) polymorphism might be one of the most important genetic factors associated with T2DM susceptibility, and that individuals in the Chinese Hui population who carry a G allele at this locus might be at risk to develop T2DM.

  14. Le Dictionnaire québécois d’aujourd’hui : Enquête sur les registres

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Cécile Guillot

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The Dictionnaire québécois d’aujourd’hui came out in 1992. The publication of this dictionary sparked a controversy on, among other things, word labeling. The language registers given for many words did not seem to reflect how Quebec francophones felt about them. The debate was such that, one year later, a second edition was produced. The main changes made concern the language registers of a number of entries, on which this time, Quebec francophones would agree. A survey was therefore carried out to determine whether the registers indicated in Le Dictionnaire québécois d’aujourd’hui correspond to Quebec francophones’ linguistic intuitions. A 50-word questionnaire was given to 150 respondents, who were asked to assign a language register to each word. The results of this survey have led to the conclusion that the registers given in Le Dictionnaire québécois d’aujourd’hui often do not correspond to the intuitions of Quebec francophones.

  15. Drought Adaptation in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China: Actions, Planning, Pathways and Barriers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jianping Yang

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (NX region of Northwestern China is threatened by increased meteorological drought induced by climate change (CC and constraints on water supply from the Yellow River. Thus, the NX region is representative of attempts to adapt to CC and variability in China’s arid regions. Field visits, a questionnaire and in situ inspections were conducted in 2012–2014 to understand people’s perception and awareness of drought and its impact, particularly with respect to adaptation strategies. We mainly focused on drought adaptation actions and planning implemented at the government level under the double pressures of drought and allocation. We described a suitable adaptation pathway for socio-economic sustainable development and discussed existing adaptation barriers. Construction of modern efficient water-saving agriculture lies at the core of drought adaptation, with socio-economic sustainable development being the ultimate goal. To achieve this, policies and institutional, engineering, technological, structural and social initiatives and measures—classified into macro adaptation strategies and specific coping measures—are implemented. Adaptation often encounters obstacles, e.g., policy issues from household contract responsibility systems, funding difficulties of low-income farmers, traditional behavioral habits and low education and literacy levels among farmers. The adaptation pathway involves the construction of modern efficient water-saving agriculture. Agricultural water savings are then transferred to developed industries, which back-feed socio-economic sustainable development in the NX region.

  16. Marie Curie, les femmes et la science, d'hier à aujourd'hui

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva; Mariotti, Chiara; Vicinanza, Domenico

    2017-01-01

    Marie Curie, les femmes et la science, d'hier à aujourd'hui Conférence par Hélène Langevin-Joliot Avec la participation de l'Echo du Reculet de Thoiry. L'enregistrement et la liste d'attente sont déjà complets... Mais il n'est pas rare que des personnes réservent et ne viennent pas. Nous réassignerons les places libérées selon la règle "premier arrivé, premier inscrit". Au vu de la forte demande, la conférence sera également disponible en vidéoconférence : lien d'accès "webcast" disponible en bas de cette page. Hélène Langevin-Joliot, directrice de recherche émérite en physique nucléaire fondamentale au CNRS à Orsay, est aussi la fille de Frédéric et Irène Joliot-Curie (prix Nobel de chimie en 1935) et la petite-fille de Pierre Curie (prix Nobel de physique en 1903) et de Marie Curie (prix Nobel de physique en 1903 et prix Nobel de chimie en 1911). Hélène Langevin-Joliot nous parlera de sa vie scientifique, de l’histoire extraordinai...

  17. Marie Curie, les femmes et la science, d'hier à aujourd'hui - English

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2017-01-01

    Marie Curie, les femmes et la science, d'hier à aujourd'hui Conférence par Hélène Langevin-Joliot Avec la participation de l'Echo du Reculet de Thoiry. L'enregistrement et la liste d'attente sont déjà complets... Mais il n'est pas rare que des personnes réservent et ne viennent pas. Nous réassignerons les places libérées selon la règle "premier arrivé, premier inscrit". Nous envisageons la possibilité de faire un webcast de la conférence. Plus d'information bientôt. Hélène Langevin-Joliot, directrice de recherche émérite en physique nucléaire fondamentale au CNRS à Orsay, est aussi la fille de Frédéric et Irène Joliot-Curie (prix Nobel de chimie en 1935) et la petite-fille de Pierre Curie (prix Nobel de physique en 1903) et de Marie Curie (prix Nobel de physique en 1903 et prix Nobel de chimie en 1911). Hélène Langevin-Joliot nous parlera de sa vie scientifique, de l’histoire extraordinaire de sa famille et en particulier du rôle des ...

  18. [Stabilization of the distal radioulnar joint by Hui-Lindscheid ligamentoplasty. Report of 10 cases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sénéchaud, C; Savioz, D; Della Santa, D

    1996-01-01

    The surgical treatment of chronic sprain of the distal radio-ulnar joint remains a difficult problem. Some authors have proposed a radio-ulnar stabilization procedure which involves some loss of mobility of the forearm. Other, more radical authors, have suggested partial or complete resection of the ulnar head. In this case, they restore mobility in prono-supination, but often with a loss of stability and discomfort or pain. Hui and Lindscheid modified a technique of tenodesis which had been previously proposed by Bunnell. They perfected a tenodesis based on the use of the flexor carpi ulnaris tendon. We feel that this procedure should ensure stability of the distal radio-ulnar joint, while preserving its mobility. We used this technique in 9 patients who were reviewed with a follow-up of 2.7 years. The authors obtained 2/3 of good and very good results. This procedure will be compared with other techniques currently used and differences of the results will be discussed. Unfortunately, few articles have been published on this subject.

  19. A Remote Sensing Model to Estimate Sunshine Duration in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱晓晨; 邱新法; 曾燕; 高佳琦; 何永健

    2015-01-01

    Sunshine duration (SD) is strongly correlated with solar radiation, and is most widely used to estimate the latter. This study builds a remote sensing model on a 100 m × 100 m spatial resolution to estimate SD for the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China. Digital elevation model (DEM) data are employed to refl ect topography, and moderate-resolution imaging spectroradiometer (MODIS) cloud products (Aqua MYD06−L2 and Terra MOD06−L2) are used to estimate sunshine percentage. Based on the terrain (e.g., slope, aspect, and terrain shadowing degree) and the atmospheric conditions (e.g., air molecules, aerosols, moisture, cloud cover, and cloud types), observation data from weather stations are also incorporated into the model. Verifi cation results indicate that the model simulations match reasonably with the observations, with the average relative error of the total daily SD being 2.21%. Further data analysis reveals that the variation of the estimated SD is consistent with that of the maximum possible SD; its spatial variation is so substantial that the estimated SD diff ers signifi cantly between the south-facing and north-facing slopes, and its seasonal variation is also large throughout the year.

  20. Land cover change during a period of extensive landscape restoration in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cadavid Restrepo, Angela M; Yang, Yu Rong; Hamm, Nicholas A S; Gray, Darren J; Barnes, Tamsin S; Williams, Gail M; Soares Magalhães, Ricardo J; McManus, Donald P; Guo, Danhuai; Clements, Archie C A

    2017-11-15

    Environmental change has been a topic of great interest over the last century due to its potential impact on ecosystem services that are fundamental for sustainable development and human well-being. Here, we assess and quantify the spatial and temporal variation in land cover in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (NHAR), China. With high-resolution (30m) imagery from Landsat 4/5-TM and 8-OLI for the entire region, land cover maps of the region were created to explore local land cover changes in a spatially explicit way. The results suggest that land cover changes observed in NHAR from 1991 to 2015 reflect the main goals of a national policy implemented there to recover degraded landscapes. Forest, herbaceous vegetation and cultivated land increased by approximately 410,200ha, 708,600ha and 164,300ha, respectively. The largest relative land cover change over the entire study period was the increase in forestland. Forest growth resulted mainly from the conversion of herbaceous vegetation (53.8%) and cultivated land (30.8%). Accurate information on the local patterns of land cover in NHAR may contribute to the future establishment of better landscape policies for ecosystem management and protection. Spatially explicit information on land cover change may also help decision makers to understand and respond appropriately to emerging environmental risks for the local population. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  1. Using Health Utility Index (HUI for Measuring the Impact on Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQL Among Individuals with Chronic Diseases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frank Mo

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Quality of life is an important indicator in assessing the burden of disease, especially for chronic conditions. The Health Utilities Index (HUI is a recently developed system for measuring the overall health status and health-related quality of life (HRQL of individuals, clinical groups, and general populations. Using the HUI (constructed based on eight attributes: vision, hearing, speech, mobility, dexterity, cognition, emotion, and pain/discomfort to measure the HRQL for chronic disease patients and to detect possible associations between HUI system and various chronic conditions, this study provides information to improve the management of chronic diseases.This study is of interest to data analysts, policy makers, and public health practitioners involved in descriptive clinical studies, clinical trials, program evaluation, population health planning, and assessments. Based on the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS for 2000–01, the HUI was used to measure the quality of life for individuals living with various chronic conditions (Alzheimer/other dementia, effects of stroke, urinary incontinence, arthritis/rheumatism, bowel disorder, cataracts, back problems, stomach/intestinal ulcers, emphysema/COPD, chronic bronchitis, epilepsy, heart disease, diabetes, migraine headaches, glaucoma, asthma, fibromyalgia, cancers, high blood pressure, multiple sclerosis, thyroid condition, and other remaining chronic diseases. Logistic Regression Model was employed to estimate the associations between the overall HUI scores and various chronic conditions. The HUI scores ranged from 0.00 (corresponding to a state close to death to 1.00 (corresponding to perfect health; negative scores reflect health states considered worse than death. The mean HUI score by sex and age group indicated the typical quality of life for persons with various chronic conditions. Logistic Regression results showed a strong relationship between low HUI scores (≤ 0.5 and 0.06

  2. « Comment le sais-tu ? ». La paralepse, aujourd’hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frank Wagner

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available À partir des définitions genettiennes de la paralepse (excès d’informations par rapport au code modal dominant, il s’agit de cerner les usages et les fonctions du procédé dans la littérature narrative d’aujourd’hui, en relation homo- ou hétérodiégétique, en régime fictionnel ou semi-fictionnel. Des exemples prélevés dans divers récits contemporains (de Roegiers, Toussaint, Carrère, Echenoz permettent de constater que la paralepse assure un renouvellement du soupçon à l’époque actuelle, en jouant un rôle de révélateur épistémologique. En effet, ce procédé narratif paradoxal engage une réflexion en acte sur la fiction, son perspectivisme, ses capacités de modélisation, et ses pouvoirs heuristiques.Based upon Gerard Genette’s definitions of paralepsis, (information exceeding that normally offered by the dominant mode of narrative focalisation, this article seeks to outline the uses and functions of the device in contemporary narrative literature, through its homo and heterodiegetic positioning in both fictional and semi-fictional texts. Examples taken from a variety of contemporary stories (Roegiers, Toussaint, Carrère, Echenoz allow us to see that paralepsis plays a role of epistemological indicator, facilitating a contemporary renewal of suspicion (le soupçon concerning narration. In fact, this paradoxical narrative device brings about a reflection upon fiction, its perspectivism, its modelling capabilities and heuristic capacities.

  3. Impact of "Grain to Green" Programme on echinococcosis infection in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region of China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cleary, Eimear; Barnes, Tamsin S; Xu, Yangyang; Zhao, Hengbo; Clements, Archie C A; Gray, Darren J; McManus, Donald P; Atkinson, Jo-An M; Williams, Gail M; Yang, YuRong

    2014-10-15

    Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is endemic among the human population of Xiji County, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China, where the prevalence is estimated to be between 2.2% and 3.6%. Government-run sheep abattoirs in Xiji County have closed in recent years and, as a consequence, slaughter is carried out mostly at rural market places. The market place in Xinglong Township, Xiji County, is home to an increasing number of stray dogs and the lack of government control over slaughter practices potentially favours Echinococcus granulosus transmission. A survey of sheep, goats and cattle reared in Xiji County was conducted in Xinglong Market and Xinglong Township to determine prevalence and transmission dynamics of E. granulosus infection. The liver and lungs of all livestock aged one year and older were examined macroscopically post mortem; visual examination and palpation of organs determined overall prevalence of E. granulosus. Cysts consistent in appearance with E. granulosus were observed in 2/184 sheep (prevalence 1.0%) and 1/55 of the cattle examined (prevalence 1.8%); 0/13 goats were found to be infected. However, microscopic examination of these suspected cysts failed to confirm these samples as E. granulosus, giving a prevalence of confirmed infection of zero percent in all three species. The prevalence of liver fluke was 61.3% in sheep and 12.7% in cattle with a significant difference between males and females (p ≤ 0.001). Considering the high prevalence of echinococcosis in the local human population, the absence of CE observed among commercially slaughtered livestock was surprising. Several explanations for this discrepancy and their implications are proposed.

  4. [Carbon sequestration status of forest ecosystems in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Yang; Jin, Jing-Wei; Cheng, Ji-Min; Su, Ji-Shuai; Zhu, Ren-Bin; Ma, Zheng-Rui; Liu, Wei

    2014-03-01

    Based on the data of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region forest resources inventory, field investigation and laboratory analysis, this paper studied the carbon sequestration status of forest ecosystems in Ningxia region, estimated the carbon density and storage of forest ecosystems, and analyzed their spatial distribution characteristics. The results showed that the biomass of each forest vegetation component was in the order of arbor layer (46.64 Mg x hm(-2)) > litterfall layer (7.34 Mg x hm(-2)) > fine root layer (6.67 Mg x hm(-2)) > shrub-grass layer (0.73 Mg x hm(-2)). Spruce (115.43 Mg x hm(-2)) and Pinus tabuliformis (94.55 Mg x hm(-2)) had higher vegetation biomasses per unit area than other tree species. Over-mature forest had the highest arbor carbon density among the forests with different ages. However, the young forest had the highest arbor carbon storage (1.90 Tg C) due to its widest planted area. Overall, the average carbon density of forest ecosystems in Ningxia region was 265.74 Mg C x hm(-2), and the carbon storage was 43.54 Tg C. Carbon density and storage of vegetation were 27.24 Mg C x hm(-2) and 4.46 Tg C, respectively. Carbon storage in the soil was 8.76 times of that in the vegetation. In the southern part of Ningxia region, the forest carbon storage was higher than in the northern part, where the low C storage was mainly related to the small forest area and young forest age structure. With the improvement of forest age structure and the further implementation of forestry ecoengineering, the forest ecosystems in Ningxia region would achieve a huge carbon sequestration potential.

  5. 温庭筠与《干子》的创作%Wen Tingyun and His Gan sun zi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈春梅

    2014-01-01

    温庭筠是晚唐著名的诗人和词人,在文学史上有着重要的地位。才华使温庭筠负有盛名,然而,由于他士行尘杂,不修边幅,酣醉终日,由是累年不第。最后竟落得为当涂者所薄,名宦不进,坎坷终身的悲惨境遇。温庭筠的小说创作和当时的社会风气有关。温庭筠创作《干子》的动机一是能悦众心;二是能抒己心。《干  子》问世于晚唐时期,原书已不存,今人可从《太平广记》、《类说》、《绀珠集》等旧籍搜罗佚文。《太平广记》录佚文33篇,王汝涛编校的《全唐小说》共收有33篇。%Wen Tingyun is a famous poet of late Tang dynasty and plays a considerable role in literary history. Although he is a gifted poet,he has always failed in the provincial civil service examination under the old Chinese examination sys-tem,for his alcohol addiction. He is despised by the authorities,with no reputation and social status,living a miserable life throughout his life. Wen Tingyun’s novels are related to the social morality in his time,his Gan Sun Zi aims to please everyone as well as expressing his inner emotion. Gan Sun Zi is created in late Tang dynasty,but the original writing is missing. Modern people can collect the lost essays or words from Tai Ping Guang Ji,Lei Shuo,Qian Zhu Ji and other ancient books. Tai Ping Guang Ji consists of 33 lost articles,which is completely collected by Wang Rutao in his Quan Tang Novel.

  6. On Semantic Field of ShuoWenJieZi-MuBu%《说文解字·目部》语义场初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷琼

    2012-01-01

    《说文解字》采用部首编排法系统地分析字形、说解字义、考究字源。语义场理论是西方语言学理论分析方法。文章对《说文解字》中《目部》的字义进行初步探析,具体分析《目部》语义场内涵及分类。%ShuoWenJieZi uses the radical choreography to analyze systematically the grapheme,meaning of the character and Chinese character source.Semantic field theory is a kind of analysis method of Western linguistic theory.This article analyzed preliminarily the character meaning in MuBu of ShuoWenJieZi and then analyzed concretely the connotation and classification of the semantic field in MuBu.

  7. Cognitive metaphor in the West and the East : A comparison of metaphors in the speeches of Barack Obama and Wen Jiabao

    OpenAIRE

    Wong, Wai Yee Christine

    2012-01-01

    The thesis discusses the metaphors used in the speeches of US President Barack Obama and Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao. The framework is Cognitive Metaphor Theory, which introduces the idea that cognitive metaphors are conceptualizations or patterns of thought, not lingusitic phenomena, although these metaphors give rise to linguistic metaphors. The metaphorical mapping, the relations between conceptual metaphors and our experience, the differences between conceptual metaphors and poetic metapho...

  8. Wen Tingshi’s Lost Articles Appear in Wen’s Genealogy Book%文廷式佚文近见腊市文氏谱

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高洪年

    2013-01-01

    提文廷式谱类佚文之第八篇近见腊市庙岭村造里文氏收藏《萍西文氏族谱》,属谱序,系手书刻版(文缉熙书抄)共八页,是谱成于1890年冬,至今已123年。因谱本纸质、收藏条件等局限,序文第一页已湮缺8个字,笔者依己见补入。全序拟加标点符号以断句。%Recently, the eighth Wen Tingshi’s lost article appears in “The Genealogy Book of Wen Family in Western Pingxiang” which is collected in Miaoling Village of Lashi Town. The hand-written genealogy book with eight pages (transcribed by Wen Jixi) was finished in the winter of 1890 with a history of 123 years. Due to the paper quality and the limitations of collection conditions, 67 words are missing on the first two pages of the preface, therefore the author added 18 words to it based on personal understanding and inserted punctuations to make pauses.

  9. Discourse Analysis in the Wen Zhang's Apology Statement%文章出轨《致歉声明》之语篇分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李娜; 李楠

    2015-01-01

    语篇分析多用于政治事件的评述。利用系统功能语法三大元功能理论为指导,对《文章出轨致歉声明》这一语篇进行分析,将这一理论应用于其他领域(娱乐圈)文本分析。通过分析,认为本具有致歉声明表示悔过之意的特质,但是危机公关色彩亦十分明显。%The paper analyzes the apology statement by Wen Zhang with metafunction theory which is mainly applied to the analysis of politics events .The paper argues that Wen Zhang's statement ,on one side ,expresses Wen's guilty for his adultery and on the other side the statement also suggests the sense of crisis management .

  10. Genetic diversity and haplotype structure of 24 Y-chromosomal STR in Chinese Hui ethnic group and its genetic relationships with other populations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Bo-Feng; Zhang, Yu-Dang; Liu, Wen-Juan; Meng, Hao-Tian; Yuan, Guo-Lian; Lv, Zhe; Dong, Nan; Li, Qiong; Yang, Chun-Hua; Zhang, Yu-Hong; Hou, Yin-Ling; Qian, Li; Fan, Shuan-Liang; Xu, Peng

    2014-07-01

    In the present study, 24 Y-chromosomal short tandem repeat (Y-STR) loci were analyzed in 115 unrelated Hui male individuals from Haiyuan county or Tongxin county, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China, to evaluate the forensic application of the 24 STR loci and to analyze interpopulation differentiations by making comparisons between the Hui group data and previously published data of other 13 populations. A total of 115 different haplotypes were observed on these 24 Y-STR loci. The gene diversities ranged from 0.4049 (DYS437) to 0.9729 (DYS385a, b). The overall haplotype diversity was 1 at AGCU 24 Y-STR loci level, while the values were reduced to 0.999237, 0.996949, and 0.996644 at the Y-filer 17 loci, 11 Y-STR loci of extended haplotype and 9 Y-STR loci of minimal haplotype levels, respectively; whereas, haplotype diversity for additional 7 loci (not included in Y-filer 17 loci) was 0.995271. The pairwise FST , multidimensional scaling plot and neighbor-joining tree indicated the Hui group had the closest genetic relationship with Sala in the paternal lineage in the present study. In summary, the results in our study indicated the 24 Y-STRs had a high level of polymorphism in Hui group and hence could be a powerful tool for forensic application and population genetic study.

  11. On Wen Yiduo's Concept of Yuefu%试论闻一多的乐府观念

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓明

    2014-01-01

    闻一多乐府观念主要体现在《乐府诗笺》和未刊稿《乐府叙论》中,具体表现为重视乐府古辞的文本示范价值、主张乐府诗以入乐为正格、强调乐府诗作情感以及艺术表现以及重视六朝乐府相关文献的价值四个方面。在民国时期的乐府研究中,闻一多的乐府观独树一帜,并对建国后的乐府诗选编著作产生了一定影响。%Wen Yiduo's concept of Yuefu is mainly reflected in the Yuefu Poems and the unfinished draft of On Yuefu. It focuses on four aspects:emphasis on the value of related literature in the period of Six Dynasties, his attention to the value of ancient Yuefu poems as a model text, Yuefu poems stressing the musical qualities, and emphasis on emotional and artistic expression of Yuefu poems.

  12. Chest injuries associated with earthquakes: an analysis of injuries sustained during the 2008 Wen-Chuan earthquake in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Jia; Guo, Ying-Qiang; Zhang, Er-Yong; Tan, Jin; Shi, Ying-Kang

    2010-08-01

    The goal of this study was to analyze the patterns, therapeutic modalities, and short-term outcomes of patients with chest injuries in the aftermath of the Wen-Chuan earthquake, which occurred on May 12, 2008 and registered 8.0 on the Richter scale. Of the 1522 patients who were referred to the West China Hospital of Sichuan University from May 12 to May 27, 169 patients (11.1%) had suffered major chest injuries. The type of injury, the presence of infection, Abbreviated Injury Score (AIS 2005), New Injury Severity Score (NISS), treatment, and short-term outcome were all documented for each case. Isolated chest injuries were diagnosed in 129 patients (76.3%), while multiple injuries with a major chest trauma were diagnosed in 40 patients (23.7%). The mean AIS and the median NISS of the hospitalized patients with chest injuries were 2.5 and 13, respectively. The mortality rate was 3.0% (5 patients). Most of the chest injuries were classified as minor to moderate trauma; however, coexistent multiple injuries and subsequent infection should be carefully considered in medical response strategies. Coordinated efforts among emergency medical support groups and prior training in earthquake preparedness and rescue in earthquake-prone areas are therefore necessary for efficient evacuation and treatment of catastrophic casualties.

  13. Wen-Dan Decoction Improves Negative Emotions in Sleep-Deprived Rats by Regulating Orexin-A and Leptin Expression

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fengzhi Wu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Wen-Dan Decoction (WDD, a formula of traditional Chinese medicine, has been clinically used for treating insomnia for approximately 800 years. However, the therapeutic mechanisms of WDD remain unclear. Orexin-A plays a key role in the sleep-wake cycle, while leptin function is opposite to orexin-A. Thus, orexin-A and leptin may be important factors in sleep disorders. In this study, 48 rats were divided into control, model, WDD-treated, and diazepam-treated groups. The model of insomnia was produced by sleep deprivation (SD for 14 days. The expressions of orexin-A, leptin, and their receptors in blood serum, prefrontal cortex, and hypothalamus were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, immunohistochemistry, and real time PCR. Open field tests showed that SD increased both crossing movement (Cm and rearing-movement (Rm times. Orexin-A and leptin levels in blood serum increased after SD but decreased in brain compared to the control group. mRNA expressions of orexin receptor 1 and leptin receptor after SD were decreased in the prefrontal cortex but were increased in hypothalamus. WDD treatment normalized the behavior and upregulated orexin-A, leptin, orexin receptor 1 and leptin receptor in brain. The findings suggest that WDD treatment may regulate SD-induced negative emotions by regulating orexin-A and leptin expression.

  14. The Decoction Analysis of the Guizhi Tang Associated Prescriptions from ZHANG Zhong-jing's Shanghan Lun%张仲景《伤寒论》桂枝汤类方配伍解析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡皎皓; 庄海峰; 沈建平

    2011-01-01

    桂枝汤为仲景之代表方,体现其辨证论治思想之精髓,其类方为中最多的一组类方,在全书中发挥着极为重要的作用.本文着重以图形的方式表述桂枝汤的组方及桂枝汤类方的组方规律,对仲景组方思想进行探析,以期更好地了解张仲景的类方组方思想来指导临床的组方用药和辨证加减.%Guizhi tang is the representative prescription of Shanghan Lun, which book was written by zhongjing,embody the essence of syndrome differentiation and treatment ideas,the Associated Prescriptions of Guizhi tang is the most of the associated prescriptions in Shanghan Lun,is playing the extremely vital role in the entire book。 This article focuses on interpretation of graphical Guizhi tang recipe and Guizhi tang recipe law of parties,Of ZHANG Zhong - jing' s thinking whose was how to compatibility prescription, It is hoped that a better understanding of the ZHANG Zhong -jing' s ideology of how to compatibility the associated prescription to guide clinical medicine and the identification.

  15. PROMINENT PERSONNEL YIN Hui-jin(殷惠军)——An Outstanding Cardiologist of Integrative Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ Prof.YIN Hui-jin,Ph.D.,male,was born on March 26,1971 in Ningxia.He graduated from Ningxia Medical College in 1994 with a 5-year course and got a bachelor degree,and then further studied in Heilongjiang University of Traditional Chinese Medicine from 1994 to 2000 for master and Ph.D.degrees.And then he worked in postdoctoral mobile working station of Open Laboratory of Heredity and Molecule Development Biology of China Academy of Science from 2000 to 2002.

  16. Sur l’emploi des toponymes du Kosovo-Metohija en français d’aujourd’hui

    OpenAIRE

    Stanković Selena

    2015-01-01

    Dans cet article, nous analysons l’emploi des noms de lieux du Kosovo-Metohija en langue française depuis la fin du XXe siècle jusqu’à aujourd’hui. La période citée se caractérise par un vaste usage de l’albanais et de l’anglais et par un usage très réduit du serbe dans la communication publique et officielle au Kosovo-Metohija. Les instances internationales admettent le changement de désignations toponymiques et la suppression des noms basés sur un context...

  17. Transaction Pattern Based on Secondary Clientelism, Business Ideology and Market Development: The case of lime market in Hui Town

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Secondary clientelism is a special exchange relationship derived from primary clientelism. The market with transactions dependent on the secondary clientelism would be”because of”erembeddedness”. Using the lime market in Hui Town as a case, this paper tries to explore why this kind of markets could achieve market order from the perspective of the interconnection of market structure and market culture. Analysis demonstrates that, the coupling induction of structural embeddedness and cultural embeddedness is the deeper mechanism for the market development. Although the new business ideology and transactional dependence on networks originate from market structural transitions, active construction and choice behaviors of the manufacturers still manifest great importance.

  18. 明清徽州火灾及徽商的救助%Fire Disasters in Hui Region and Hui Business People’ s Relief in Ming and Qing Dynasties

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    骆辉仔

    2014-01-01

    The fire disasters in Hui region are usually seasonal and regional though it may caused by people or nature .The fire disaster here is partly due to its own characters .The busi-ness people of Hui were humanistic and often provided aid for precaution and relief after disas -ters and therefore ease the disasters .%徽州地区的火灾具有季节集中性和地点集中性,发生的原因有人为的,也有自然的。由于徽州地区自身因素,徽州火灾的危害也极为严重。然而,具有儒士品格的徽商在火灾发生之前的预防举措和灾后的救助,使这里的火灾受害程度得以减轻。徽商对徽州地区火灾救助给予了很大的帮助。

  19. A Novel Pharmacological Method to Study the Chinese Medicinal Formula Hua-Zheng-Hui-Sheng-Dan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rui Cao

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives. Hua-Zheng-Hui-Sheng-Dan (HZHSD was used as an experimental model to explore research methods of large formulae in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM using current molecular biology approaches. Materials and Methods. The trypan blue exclusion assay was used to determine cell viability and cell numbers. Flow cytometry was used to assess cell cycle distribution and apoptosis. The concentration of cyclin D1 was analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The median effect principle was used in drug combination studies. An orthogonal experimental design was used to estimate the effects of each herb at different concentrations. The HeLa xenograft mouse model was used to compare the antitumor activity of drugs in vivo. Results. Among the 35 herbs that comprise HZHSD, Radix Rehmanniae Preparata (RRP, Caesalpinia sappan (CS, Evodia rutaecarpa (ER, Folium Artemisiae Argyi (FAA, Leonurus japonicus Houtt (LJH, Tumeric (Tu, Radix Paeoniae Alba (RPA, and Trogopterus Dung (TD effectively inhibited the proliferation of HeLa and SKOV3 cells. Only RRR had an effect on HeLa and SKOV3 cell viability. According to the median effect principle, Angelica sinensis (Oliv. (AS, Tabanus (Ta, and Pollen Typhae (PT, which were proven to have a significant synergistic inhibitory effect on the proliferation of HeLa cells, were added to the original eight positive herbs. The combination of RPA and AS had a synergistic effect on inducing cell cycle S phase arrest and decreasing intracellular cyclin D1 in HeLa cells. By orthogonal experimental design, LJH and Tu were considered unnecessary herbs. The small formula (SHZHSD consisted of RPA, AS, RRR, Ta., TD, PT, ER, CS, and FAA and was able to inhibit cell proliferation and induce cell apoptosis. The antitumor effects of HZHSD and SHZHSD were also compared in vivo. Conclusions. Through molecular biology approaches both in vitro and in vivo, research into single drugs, and analysis using the median effect principle

  20. Hawaii Utility Integration Initiatives to Enable Wind (Wind HUI) Final Technical Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dora Nakafuji; Lisa Dangelmaier; Chris Reynolds

    2012-07-15

    monitoring using PMU devices and enhanced grid analysis tools; and Initiative 3: Identifying grid automation and smart technology architecture retrofit/improvement opportunities following a systematic review approach, inclusive of increasing renewables and variable distributed generation. Each of the initiative was conducted in partnership with industry technology and equipment providers to facilitate utility deployment experiences inform decision making, assess supporting infrastructure cost considerations, showcase state of the technology, address integration hurdles with viable workarounds. For each initiative, a multi-phased approach was followed that included 1) investigative planning and review of existing state-of-the-art, 2) hands on deployment experiences and 3) process implementation considerations. Each phase of the approach allowed for mid-course corrections, process review and change to any equipment/devices to be used by the utilities. To help the island grids transform legacy infrastructure, the Wind HUI provided more systematic approaches and exposure with vendor/manufacturers, hand-on review and experience with the equipment not only from the initial planning stages but through to deployment and assessment of field performance of some of the new, remote sensing and high-resolution grid monitoring technologies. HELCO became one of the first utilities in the nation to install and operate a high resolution (WindNet) network of remote sensing devices such as radiometers and SODARs to enable a short-term ramp event forecasting capability. This utility-industry and federal government partnership produced new information on wind energy forecasting including new data additions to the NOAA MADIS database; addressed remote sensing technology performance and O&M (operations and maintenance) challenges; assessed legacy equipment compatibility issues and technology solutions; evaluated cyber-security concerns; and engaged in community outreach opportunities that will

  1. Hawaii Utility Integration Initiatives to Enable Wind (Wind HUI) Final Technical Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dora Nakafuji; Lisa Dangelmaier; Chris Reynolds

    2012-07-15

    monitoring using PMU devices and enhanced grid analysis tools; and Initiative 3: Identifying grid automation and smart technology architecture retrofit/improvement opportunities following a systematic review approach, inclusive of increasing renewables and variable distributed generation. Each of the initiative was conducted in partnership with industry technology and equipment providers to facilitate utility deployment experiences inform decision making, assess supporting infrastructure cost considerations, showcase state of the technology, address integration hurdles with viable workarounds. For each initiative, a multi-phased approach was followed that included 1) investigative planning and review of existing state-of-the-art, 2) hands on deployment experiences and 3) process implementation considerations. Each phase of the approach allowed for mid-course corrections, process review and change to any equipment/devices to be used by the utilities. To help the island grids transform legacy infrastructure, the Wind HUI provided more systematic approaches and exposure with vendor/manufacturers, hand-on review and experience with the equipment not only from the initial planning stages but through to deployment and assessment of field performance of some of the new, remote sensing and high-resolution grid monitoring technologies. HELCO became one of the first utilities in the nation to install and operate a high resolution (WindNet) network of remote sensing devices such as radiometers and SODARs to enable a short-term ramp event forecasting capability. This utility-industry and federal government partnership produced new information on wind energy forecasting including new data additions to the NOAA MADIS database; addressed remote sensing technology performance and O&M (operations and maintenance) challenges; assessed legacy equipment compatibility issues and technology solutions; evaluated cyber-security concerns; and engaged in community outreach opportunities that will

  2. Radionuclides and heavy metals in rainbow trout from Tsichomo, Nana Ka, Wen Povi, and Pin De Lakes in Santa Clara Canyon

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fresquez, P.R.; Armstrong, D.R.; Naranjo, L. Jr.

    1998-04-01

    Radionuclide ({sup 3}H, {sup 90}Sr, {sup 137}Cs, {sup 238}Pu, {sup 239}Pu, and total uranium) and heavy metal (Ag, As, Ba, Be, Cd, Cr, Hg, Ni, Pb, Sb, Se, and TI) concentrations were determined in rainbow trout collected from Tsichomo, Nana Ka, Wen Povi, and Pin De lakes in Santa Clara Canyon in 1997. Most radionuclide and heavy metal concentrations in fish collected from these four lakes were within or just above upper limit background concentrations (Abiquiu reservoir), and as a group were statistically (p < 0.05) similar in most parameters to background.

  3. On the Outline Regarding Problems of the Hui Minority Muslim and its guidance in the Implementation of Yan' an Hui Policies%《关于回回民族问题的提纲》及其指导下的延安回族政策实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张小军

    2012-01-01

    1940年,西工委拟定《关于回回民族问题的提纲》(下文简称《提纲》),标志着党对回族的政策达到较高水平。《提纲》系统阐发了党对回族的政策:建立民族自治制度,保障回族在政治上与汉族享有平等权利;成立专门管理机构来管理民族事务;组织成立回族文化救国团体;培养民族干部,发展回族教育事业,实行文化上的平等;尊重伊斯兰教,尊重回民生活习惯等。延安时期的回族政策与实践,为新时期回族政策与理论发展提供了鲜活的历史参考。%In 1940, the Central Northwest Working Committee drew up the Outline about Problems of Hui ( Outline), indicating the CPC' s advancement of Hui policies. The Outline systematically explained the purposes of the CPC' s Hui policies : to establish a system of regional ethnic autonomy ; to ensure equal rights between Hui and Han in politics ; to found specialized departments in charge of ethnic affairs ; to establish groups interested in the na- tional preservation of Hui culture ; to develop the ethnic - minority cadres ; to improve the Hui educational facilities ; to carry out the cultural equity; to respect Islam and the conventions of the Hui, and so on. The implementation of Hui policies during the period of Yan' an provides living historical reference to Hui policies and theoretical develop- ment in today' s era.

  4. Analysis on the Legislation of Hui Customs-Case from Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region%回族习惯立法分析--以宁夏回族自治区为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄爱学

    2013-01-01

    As an ethnic group believing in Islam , Hui people influenced by the Islamic law , have their own character-istic custom and concept of value .Based on the regulations of Constitutions and Autonomous Charter , the local law system formed gradually , including the marriage custom , Halal food , funeral custom and custom of holidays .The legislation of Hui custom is very meaningful for sustaining the ethnic relations of equality , mutual help and harmony .%回族是全民信仰伊斯兰教的民族,受伊斯兰教法影响,回族形成了自己特有的风俗习惯和价值观念。依据《宪法》和《民族区域自治法》规定,宁夏回族自治区自治机关在行使民族立法自治权过程中,逐步形成了保障回族宗教信仰和风俗习惯的法律体系,主要包括婚姻习惯、清真食品、丧葬习惯和节庆习惯等方面的地方性法规和地方政府规章。回族习惯立法对于巩固和发展平等、团结、互助、和谐的民族关系具有重要意义。

  5. An analysis of Hui national Wushu from the perspective of sociology%社会学视野下的回族武术初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈星潭

    2016-01-01

    以社会学视角对回族武术进行探讨,认为民族信仰、军事参与、生存张力等多重因素维持了回族尚武的传统。回族在日常生活中,借助身体圣行再现尚武秉性,并形成地方特色;通过拳种的传统再造,扩大民族间的认同,实现中华民族多元一体格局下的文化共生。%From the perspective of sociology, the author probed into Hui national Wushu, and put forward the fol-lowing opinions: multiple factors, such as national belief, military involvement and survival tension etc, have main-tained the warrior tradition of the Hui nationality; in the daily life of the Hui nationality, the Hui people reproduce their warrior nature by means of body ritual, having formed a local landscape, and expanded recognition between nationalities and realized cultural symbiosis under the all Chinese nations united situation through tradition repro-duction of boxing.

  6. An Survey of the Hui Chen You's Family During the Ming Dynasty%明朝回回人陈友家族考述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈亮

    2012-01-01

    有明一代,涌现出一大批著名的回回军事家、政治家、外交家等等,他们对明朝的巩固与发展作出了巨大贡献和牺牲。"西域回回"陈友以出使起家,后因军功封为世爵,成为明朝回回人当中的标志性人物。对陈友个人及其家族成员的事迹考述,对研究明代回回人的历史活动以及历史作用有重要的价值。%During the Ming dynasty, there emerged many notable Hui militarists, politicians and diplomats who made a number of contributions at personal sacrifice in order to further the consolidation and development of the country. As a Serindia Hui, Chen You got his start from a career as a diplomat and was offered a marquis title on the basis of his military exploits. During the Ming Dynasty, he became an iconic figure amongst the Hui. Through this historical survey of Chen You and his family, we see the significant value he has with regard towards the histori- cal activity and influence of the Hui during the Ming dynasty.

  7. Business Ethics of The Hui Nationality & Its Contemporary Significance%回族的商业伦理思想及其当代意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓华; 吕广文

    2012-01-01

      回族起源于唐宋时期阿拉伯地区的来华商人,是一个以商为本的民族。回族商人在长期的经济活动中形成了一套集法律、宗教、道德于一体的商业伦理思想,在这一独具特色思想的指导下,回民族的经济健康、有序地发展,民族不断繁荣强大。在今天的社会主义市场经济体制下,弘扬回族商业伦理思想,仍然具有十分重要的现实指导意义。%  The Hui Nationality originated from the Arabian merchants came to china in the Tang and Song Dynasties, it is a business-oriented nation. By the long-term economic activities, Hui merchants formed a set of business ethics incorporating the law, religion and morality. Under the guidance of this unique idea, Hui's economy achieves sound and orderly development, and their nation becomes more and more prosperous and powerful. In the context of today’s socialist market economic system, carrying forward the business ethics of the Hui Nationality sill has important practical and guiding significance.

  8. Analysis of the Ecological Migration Pattern in Ethnic Minority Areas——A Case Study of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    By taking Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region as an example,this paper analyzes the ecological migration pattern in ethnic minority areas.The basic patterns of development for poverty relief in Ningxia are in-situ migration and new area development pattern.The new area development pattern includes three types,namely small town development pattern around urban radiation districts,urban labor migration pattern,and large-scale ecological migration pattern.Finally,successful experience of ecological migration in Ningxia is summarized.First,scientific industrial planning shall be made on the basis of proper selection of ecological migration location in immigrant settlement regions.Second,scientific and comprehensive ecological migration policies should be formulated.

  9. La république en Grande-Bretagne aujourd’hui : une idée anglaise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antoine MIOCHE

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available Il peut paraître y avoir un paradoxe à parler de république aujourd’hui en Grande-Bretagne en ceci que seule ou presque la Grande-Bretagne, de ce qui fut le vaste Empire britannique, est demeurée une monarchie. Des États-Unis à la Rhodésie, en passant par l’Inde et l’Irlande (à l’exception importante du nord de l’île, les anciens territoires britanniques ont opté majoritairement pour un régime parlementaire non monarchique, l’Australie, le Canada et la Nouvelle-Zélande étant d’intéressantes ...

  10. 试论《回回药方》治疗脑系疾病滴鼻剂的剂型特点%On Characteristics of Drug Forms of Nose Drops for Brain Disease in HuiHui YaoFang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘耀龙; 马晓东; 丁小龙; 王佩佩; 贾孟辉

    2012-01-01

    Medical theory of Hui nationality, prescription names, formation, preparation and instruction of 19 recipes for brain disease from 12th remained volume "ZhongFengMen-ZuoTan YouHuang KouYan WaiXieLei" of HuiHui YaoFang were analyzed and concluded to explore characteristic of drug forms of nose drops and promote clinical application of external nose drops.%对残卷十二"众风门-左瘫右痪口眼歪斜类"治疗脑系疾病的19首滴鼻剂的回族医学理论、方剂名称、药物组成、制备服法进行分析、归纳和总结,探讨回族医学滴鼻剂的剂型特点,并在临床中推广使用.

  11. Exploration on the Treatment of Dyspnea Syndrome by Zhang Zhongjing in Shanghan Zabing Lun%张仲景《伤寒杂病论》喘证治法探微

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘建新; 吴雪梅; 田新刚

    2012-01-01

    目的:探讨《伤寒杂病论》喘证的治疗.方法:解读张仲景有关喘证的原文.结果:通过对《伤寒杂病论》有关条文的理解,归纳、总结治喘13法:辛温发汗、宣肺平喘;解肌祛风、降气定喘;辛温解表、化饮平喘;辛凉清热、宣肺平喘;表里双解、清热平喘;荡涤燥热,泻实平喘;宣泄寒湿,搐鼻定喘;泻下逐痰 开肺平喘;宣肺泄热,降逆平喘;通阳散结,豁痰下气平喘;补虚散饮,通阳利水平喘;温运脾阳,除湿散寒平喘;扶正祛邪,标本兼顾以定喘.结论:《伤寒杂病论》辨治喘证,在辨证上,既言证候,又指病机.施治上,则根据病机、病性、病位不同,因势利导,立方严谨,用药精当.%Objective:To investigate the treatment of dyspnea syndrome in Shanghan Zabing Lun. Method:The original words of Zhang Zhongjing about dyspnea syndrome were interpreted. Results:Through the understanding of the relevant provisions of Shanghan Zabing Lun, 13 laws for curing dyspnea syndrome were summarized:sweating by taking medicinals with drugs pungent in flavor and warm in property,ventilating the lung to arrest asthma;expelling pathogenic factors from muscles and skin and dispersing pathogenic wind,relieving respiratory distress by guiding Qi downward;relieving the exterior syndrome with drugs pungent in flavor and warm in property,dissolving the water rentention and relieving asthma;clearing heat with drugs pungent in flavor and cool in property,faciliating the flow of lung qi to relieve asthma; relieving the internal and external of the body .clearing heat to relieve asthma ;Cleaning up the hot dryness, reducing excess and relieving asthma;ventilating and purging cold dampness,twitching nose and arresting asthma;purging and dispelling phlegm,facilitating the flow of lung qi and relieving asthma;promoting the dispersing function of the lung and clearing heat,lowering the adverse flow of qi and relieving asthma;activating Yang and removing obstruction

  12. A Psychological Study of Writing Techniques in Wen Xin Diao Long%《文心雕龙》文学创作心理学探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张恩普

    2001-01-01

    《文心雕龙·序志》中认为“夫文心者,言为文之用心也”,这里的“文心”即指《文心雕龙》的书名,而“为文之用心”则十分明确地说明了这部旷世之作是从作家的文学创作心理角度探讨文学创作的基本规律、原则和方法的。《文心雕龙》中对文学创作心理的阐述很多,但主要集中在这样五个方面:一、对“神”的阐述,把“神”作为文学创作心理的核心;二、对“情”、“志”的阐述,把“情志”作为主体创作心理的“关键”;三、用“神与物游”来具体描述文学创作心理过程;四、以“虚静”观来具体阐述主体创造心境;五、主张“各师成心”,具体阐示了主体个性心理在文学创作中的地位与作用。%Liu Xie said, “Wen Xin means that you have to use your mind to write paper.” Here, “Wen Xin” is the book's name, and “you have to use your mind to write paper” indicate exactly that this book is about the general rules, principles and methods of Writing techniques. In Wen Xin Diao Long, there are five problems to be studied.Firstly, “Mind” is core of literature creation in psychology. Secondly, “sensibility” and “will” are the keys of creation in psychology. Thirdly, “mind act with object” is the process of literature creation in psychology. Fourthly,“emptiness” is frame of mind of literature creation in psychology; Fifthly, “styles are deference” is individuality of literature creation in psychology.

  13. The Text of Wen Xuan in Dunhuang and in Song Carving Copy%敦煌白文无注本《文选》与宋刻《文选》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王立群

    2012-01-01

    The annotated copies of Wen Xuan made the text of Wen Xuan hasten the demise, which made it difficult to review the evolution of Xiao Tong' s copy. However, the appearance of the text of Wen Xuan in Dunhuang supplied a gap to some extent as it served as a starting point and reference point for us to examine the evolution of Wen Xuan. What' s more, it also established an evolutionary series of the text, and provided a sample for reference to study the evolution from the transcript to the printed copy.%《文选》注本的出现使白文本加速消亡,对昭明之旧的考察及版本演变造成了很大困难,敦煌白文本的问世在一定程度上弥补了这种缺陷。敦煌白文无注本《文选》不仅能够为考察《文选》正文的演化提供起点与参照,并以此确立一个《文选》白文演化的序列,而且也为考察从抄本到刻本的《文选》变化提供了参照的依据。

  14. De Hemingway au chinois classique : le travail de la langue de l’écrivain taïwanais Wang Wen-hsing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandrine Marchand

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Dans les années 1970, l’« occidentalisation » de Wang Wen-hsing lui attire les foudres de la critique. On lui reproche, entre autres choses, de mal écrire, d’être incompréhensible et d’écrire dans une langue occidentalisée. Lui-même semble prendre pour modèle son professeur de français, dont le niveau de chinois classique était très élevé. Entre chinois classique, moderne, dialecte de sa région natale (très proche du dialecte de Taïwan, anglais, et français idéalisé, Wang Wen-hsing invente sa propre langue. Dans les manuscrits de son premier roman, il recourt au syllabaire que les enfants utilisent en cours d’apprentissage de la langue chinoise pour remplacer les caractères d’écriture, syllabaire qui disparaît ensuite à la publication. Que nous apprend l’utilisation de ce syllabaire sur le travail créatif de l’auteur ?Wang Wen-hsing est un auteur qui, entre extrême précision et violence, consacre sa vie et toute son énergie au travail de la langue. Quelle langue tente-t-il d’approcher : le chinois normatif des temps anciens, la langue américaine de Hemingway, ou un mélange des deux ?Multilingue à l’intérieur de la langue chinoise moderne, elle-même langue encore proche du chinois classique, abandonné seulement au début du xxe siècle, l’écriture romanesque de Wang Wen-hsing, qui a pour critère de valeur le « tong-shun » (clarté et aisance, est le fruit de l’oralité et d’une langue expérimentale. Ce rapport à la langue vient-il de sa situation d’émigration, de son isolement des milieux politiques et intellectuels, comme cela lui a été reproché lorsque justement on l’accusait d’écrire dans une langue incompréhensible pour le lecteur ? Pourquoi ces romans sont-ils jugés incompréhensibles ? En raison du niveau du lecteur moyen ? Pour des raisons géopolitiques, car il est un émigré en position dominante dans l’île ? Parce que la langue chinoise est dans

  15. WEN Jian-min and SHI Da-zhuo : ICWM Should Be Taken as A Discipline Uniformly and The Practice Scope of ICWM Practitioners Be Defined

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ According to the current inconsistent status of subject names and stratification of ICWM and based on the principle of classification that a subject can only use one name and one code, Prof. WEN Jian-min and Prof. SHI Da-zhuo, two CPPCC members, proposed that ICWM in the subject categories of National Standardization Committee (defined as a subdiscipline under CM and Chinese materia medica) and that in the subject categories of the Academic Degree Commission of the State Council (defined as a discipline, consisting of two sub-disciplines, the basic ICWM and the clinical ICWM) should be taken as a discipline uniformly, consisting of 12 subdisciplines, Basic Medicine, Clinical Medicine, Diagnostics, Internal Medicine, Surgery, Orthopaedics, Pediatrics,Ophthalmology, Otorhinolaryngology, Dermatology and Venereology, Obstetrics and Gynecology, and Other Subjects.

  16. Simulation and comparison of quarter-car passive suspension system with Bingham and Bouc-Wen MR semi-active suspension models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perescu, A.; Bereteu, L.

    2013-11-01

    In this paper we want to transposion the suspension system in MATLAB, Simulink®, based on equation of motion. Consider only vertical movement of the car, neglecting roll and pitch. All movements of the car axes are modeled as having equal amplitude. The characteristic equations that describe the behavior of dynamical systems based on FBD (Free Body Diagram) of automotive suspension. It will make two models, one passive and one Bingham semi-active. Their responses will be compared between them, and with another Bouc-Wen semi-active model, more complex. Semi-active suspension systems have received significant attention in recent years because they offer the adaptability of active control devices without requiring large power sources. Given that both passive and semi-active dampers are in mass production will follow the normal parameters and their economic efficiency. These models are used for initial design of suspension system.

  17. 浅析回族服饰的文化象征性%Analysis of Cultural Symbolic Significance of the Hui Ethnic Dress

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金婷

    2011-01-01

    回族作为以伊斯兰为民族文化根源的民族,在历史发展进程中呈现出伊斯兰教的内化与对汉族文化涵化同时发生而联系又紧密的特点。回族服饰具有伊斯兰文化与中华文化二元一体的结构特点,在伊斯兰文化语境下又体现出宗教文化的象征性。伊斯兰教的内化和汉族文化涵化构成了回族服饰文化的核心和其演变的主题。%The Hui ethnic group bases itself on Islam,presenting that Islamic internalization goes hand in hand with the Han ethnic cultural acculturation in the long development process.The Hui ethnic dress is featured by Islamic-Chinese culture integration.It represents both religious and cultural symbolic significance in the context of Islamic culture.Therefore,Islamic internalization and the Han ethnic cultural acculturation constitute the core of the Hui ethnic dress culture.

  18. 温庭筠“旅游淮上”受辱事件考辨%Rethinking of the Insulted Affair when Wen Tingyun "Touring at Huainan"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丽娜

    2012-01-01

    Some life information about Wen Tingyun was implied in his letters. Authors have controversy on Wen Tingyun's insulted affair when he "Touring at Huainan", which was mentioned in his " Letter to Prime Minister Pei". Correcting some misunderstandings of the affair and rethinking the time of the insulted affair will be beneficial to clarify Wen Tingyun's early life. Wen Tingyun should have toured to Huainan twice. The insulted affair when " Touring at Huainan" in "Letter to Prime Minister Pei" should be that young Wen Tingyun was beaten up by his cousin Yao Xu in the early Kaieheng first year(836).%由于对启文文意的解读分歧,对温庭筠《上裴相公启》中的"旅游淮上"受辱事件,学界颇有争议。澄清研究者对"旅游淮上"受辱事件的某些误解,考订温庭筠"旅游淮上"受辱的时间,有助于进一步廓清温庭筠的生平行迹。温庭筠"旅游淮上"应为两次,《上裴相公启》中的"旅游淮上"受辱事件当指其年少时为亲表姚勖笞逐之事,时间应在开成元年(836)年初。

  19. Prediction of dissolved oxygen concentration in hypoxic river systems using support vector machine: a case study of Wen-Rui Tang River, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ji, Xiaoliang; Shang, Xu; Dahlgren, Randy A; Zhang, Minghua

    2017-07-01

    Accurate quantification of dissolved oxygen (DO) is critically important for managing water resources and controlling pollution. Artificial intelligence (AI) models have been successfully applied for modeling DO content in aquatic ecosystems with limited data. However, the efficacy of these AI models in predicting DO levels in the hypoxic river systems having multiple pollution sources and complicated pollutants behaviors is unclear. Given this dilemma, we developed a promising AI model, known as support vector machine (SVM), to predict the DO concentration in a hypoxic river in southeastern China. Four different calibration models, specifically, multiple linear regression, back propagation neural network, general regression neural network, and SVM, were established, and their prediction accuracy was systemically investigated and compared. A total of 11 hydro-chemical variables were used as model inputs. These variables were measured bimonthly at eight sampling sites along the rural-suburban-urban portion of Wen-Rui Tang River from 2004 to 2008. The performances of the established models were assessed through the mean square error (MSE), determination coefficient (R (2)), and Nash-Sutcliffe (NS) model efficiency. The results indicated that the SVM model was superior to other models in predicting DO concentration in Wen-Rui Tang River. For SVM, the MSE, R (2), and NS values for the testing subset were 0.9416 mg/L, 0.8646, and 0.8763, respectively. Sensitivity analysis showed that ammonium-nitrogen was the most significant input variable of the proposal SVM model. Overall, these results demonstrated that the proposed SVM model can efficiently predict water quality, especially for highly impaired and hypoxic river systems.

  20. A Research of Wen Jiang: A Beauty Depicted in Zuo Zhuan%“《左传》丽人谱”之文姜论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高方

    2012-01-01

    春秋早期的鲁夫人文姜在《左传》中共计出场15次之多,堪称该书用墨最多的女性人物。文姜是春秋时期闻名遐迩的美女之一,《诗经》对她的生平也多有记载。由于《史记》中对其与齐襄公兄妹乱伦的宫庭秽史言之凿凿,人们对她的评价一贯不高。但结合《春秋》、《左传》之记述,文姜不仅是一个美艳动人的女子,还是一个有着杰出才能的女性政治家和外交家,她的一系列作为为鲁国在庄公时期赢得了罕有的国际地位,其功业不可忽视。%Madame Wen Jiang of the Lu State in the early period of the Spring and Autumn Period appeared altogether 15 times in Zuo Zhuan, and was probably the most depicted woman in the book. As one of the renowned beauties in the period, her life was also recorded in Shi Jing. However, due to the account in Shi Ji about her adultery with her brother Duke Xiang of Qi State, her reputation in later dynasties was rather poor. Yet, according to the account of Sping and Autumn and Zuo Zhuan, Wen Jiang was not only a beautiful woman of touching charm, but also a female politician and diplomat with great talent. A series of her moves won her Lu State unprecedented international status, and her role was vital.

  1. On Imperial Tung wen College of Education and Teaching%略论京师同文馆的教育与教学

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林文强

    2012-01-01

    Imperial Tung Wen College, or the School of Combined Learning, an agency for education and translation founded by Qing Government in Beijing, was the first new type of school in Chinese modern educa- tion. Stimulating the foundations of a group of the new type schools and cultivating lots of foreign language tal- ents and diplomatists, the school played an important role in the promotion of Chinese modern education. In contrast with traditional education, Imperial Tung Wen College had some major breakthroughs in curriculum design, school -running model, organizing, teaching method and some other aspects, which met the needs of the times and made a difference in the essence of Chinese modern education. Its historical contribution provid- ed us with a good reference for the current education reform.%京师同文馆是由清政府设立的中国近代教育史上第一所新式学校,是一所教育和翻译机构。它带动了一批新式学校的设立,培养了大批翻译和外交人才,对中国近代教育的发展起了很大推动作用,开始打破传统的教育观念、教育模式、教育内容,从教育上开始由古代转向近代,对中国社会产生深远的影响,反思其办学理念对现代教育改革有重要的借鉴作用。

  2. [Tai ping sheng hui fang (Taiping Holy Prescriptions for Universal Relief) and the compilation during the early Song Dynasty].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Yi

    2010-07-01

    Tai ping sheng hui fang, the first medical formulary of the Song Dynasty, compiled from the 3(rd) year of Taiping-xingguo reign to the 3(rd) year of Chunhua reign (978 ∼ 992), under the edict of the Taizong Emperor, was popularly applied and extensively circulated and called "the first formulary of the Dynasty". It is extremely significant in the medical history of the Song Dynasty due to its theory of prescription art, practical prescriptions and clinical practice. During the process of its circulation, different versions appeared, including the Guozijian Orthodox Version, Guozijian Small-character Version, Chongwen Hall Abridged Version, Newly Carved Version of Zhuanyunsi, and the Local Abridged Version, thus adapting to the demands of various walks of life in the society. Its unique role in the development of the Song society was founded by its introduction, application and popularization by the emperors, local officials, medical scholars, diplomatic envoys, and intellectuals. The "kind administration" of the authority and the government was further greatly facilitated by the involvement of the government and the introduction of printing. Its practical prescriptions became forceful tools to prevent and treat diseases, to conquer witchcraft, to protect local social security, and to pronounce the merits of officials and physicians at all levels.

  3. The prevalence of antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii in horses in Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture, Xinjiang, northwestern China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jin-Lei Wang

    Full Text Available Toxoplasmosis is a worldwide zoonosis caused by Toxoplasma gondii, which can infect warm-blooded animals and humans. The present study was performed to investigate the seroprevalence of T. gondii in horses in Xinjiang, northwestern China. A total of 637 blood samples were collected from seven regions in Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture, Xinjiang in 2011 and assayed for T. gondiiantibodies using the modified agglutination test (MAT. Risk factors (age, gender, and region related to seroprevalence were determined by a multivariate logistic regression analysis. A total of 200 horses (31.4%, 95% CI 27.79–35.00 were seropositive for T. gondii. Age, gender, and region present no association with seroprevalence (p>0.05 in the logistic regression analysis. The results indicated that T. gondii is widely prevalent in horses in Xinjiang, northwestern China, representing a serious threat to animal and human health. Therefore, more careful measures should be performed to control and prevent T. gondii infection in horses from Xinjiang, northwestern China.

  4. Regional Evaluation of Wind Erosion of the Loess Plateau in Pengyang County, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sun Baoping; Ding Guodong; Li Yubao

    2003-01-01

    The loess plateau in China is well-known for its severe water erosion. A nationwide soil erosion survey discovered that wind erosion of the loess land is also greatly concerned. The severity of wind erosion for each land use in Pengyang County of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China, was evaluated according to the national standard of soil erosion classification. The evaluation system includes a GIS database, an evaluation indicator system and a classification system for land and land use. The erodible nature of soil and annual soil loss of the most erodible land were obtained as follows: (1) Croplands plowed and harrowed in late autumn were the most erodible land,with an erosion intensity of medium grade and an erodible proportion of 46%; (2) The erodible proportion of natural grasslands was between 19.3% and 21.5%, whose erosion intensity was of mostly tolerable grade; (3) When it came to the whole county, there was 21.3% of the total area in tolerable grade in terms of wind erosion intensity, 42.1% slight and 34.8% medium.

  5. Temporal-Spatial Variation of Drought Indicated by SPI and SPEI in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chunping Tan

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region of China (Ningxia is an important food production area in northwest China severely affected by drought. The Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI and Standardized Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index (SPEI were calculated based on monthly meteorological data to explore climate change and variation in drought intensity, duration, frequency, and spatial extent in Ningxia during 1972–2011. Results show that the SPEI is more applicable than the SPI for exploring climate change and drought variation in Ningxia. The Ningxia climate experienced a significant drying tendency. Annual SPEI decreased about 0.37 decade−1 during 1972–2011. Drought was exacerbated by this drying tendency. Regional average duration, maximum duration, intensity, and frequency of drought identified by the SPEI increased by one month, three months, 0.15%, and 36.1%, respectively, during 1992–2011 compared to the period of 1972–1991. The spatial extent of drought identified by the SPEI increased about 14.4% decade−1 in the spring during 1972–2011. Spatially, drought frequency increased from north to south. Average intensity (maximum duration of drought calculated by the SPEI increased (decreased northward and southward from the central arid area.

  6. The Thought of Ramulus Cinnamomi be Decocted Later in Guizhi Renshen Decoction by Reading Shanghan Lun%读《伤寒论》桂枝人参汤桂枝后下之感悟

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈双

    2015-01-01

    Ramulus Cinnamomi was widely used in Shanghan Lun of Zhang Zhongjing.But Ramulus Cinnamomi is needed to be decocted later only in Guizhi Renshen decoction.This detail attracted me and got me thinking.It’ s necessary in modern pharmacological research or the theory of traditional Chinese Medicine.At last, this phenomenon also caused my thinking about the rapid development of modern medicine forms.%桂枝在医圣张仲景的著作《伤寒论》中应用广泛,唯独在桂枝人参汤中桂枝后下,这引起了笔者的思考。无论从现代药理研究,还是古人的中医理论中桂枝在这张方子中后下无疑是必须的,但是也引发了笔者对现代药物剂型快速发展的思考。

  7. 西北回族抗日史研究%On History of Resistance against Japanese Aggression of Northwest Hui Nationality

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨志平; 海万玲

    2015-01-01

    日本全面侵华后,由于兵力所限,虽未对西北地区进行地面武装侵扰,但通过军机轰炸、策划“回回国”阴谋等行径,对西北人民犯下了滔天罪行。在民族存亡之际,西北回族人民同全国各族人民一起在各条战线上展开了反侵略斗争,其中以回族、撒拉族、保安族等为主要成员的骑兵第一师、第81军在正面战场与日军展开了殊死较量,战绩辉煌。此外,回族民众还利用与中东伊斯兰国家的友好关系,开展民间外交奔赴中东地区传播抗日救亡思想并寻求国际支持与理解,宗教人士则通过自身声望影响穆斯林参军抗日,回族社团与报刊也充分发挥社会职责,揭露日本离间回汉关系、肢解中国的阴谋,鼓励回胞奔赴前线杀敌卫国,文艺工作者更是以各种文艺形式宣传抗日救亡思想。经过战争的洗礼,回族社会空前团结,爱国主义精神和国家认同感更加强烈。%After staging large-scale aggression war into China,though restricted by the lack of militar-y force,Japan had not staged land invasion into northwest China,they still conducted aerial bombing, schemed to establish"Huihui State",and committed serious crimes to the people there.At this criti-cal moment of death or life for the nation,along with all other nationalities,people of Hui nationality in northwest China launched the fight against Japanese aggression.The first cavalry division and 81th army (both mainly consisted of Hui,Sala,and Baoan nationalities)fought face-to-face against Japa-nese invaders and had extraordinary battle achievements.Besides,due to friendly relationship with Is-lamic nations in Mideast,people of Hui nationality went to Mideast to seek international support and understanding for this very cause.With their own influence,religious figures encouraged Muslims to join the arm.Societies and newspapers of Hui nationality played full social role to disclose

  8. On Application of Philological Rules to Correct Shuo Wen Jie Zi: Yi Qie Jing Yin Yi Yin Shuo Wen Jian as an Example%运用语言文字规律校勘《说文解字》刍议——以《一切经音义引说文笺》为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭照川

    2011-01-01

    One of the important methods in correcting Shuo Wen Jie Zi is the philological rules,usually including pictographic and referential semantics,systemic philology,and graphemic derivation.The semantic analysis of characters should make clear the distinction between pictographic purpose and referential meaning.Systemic philology should take a diachronic viewpoint on graphemic deviation,which is seldom used in Shuo Wen Jie Zi.%语言文字规律是校勘传世《说文解字》的一个重要手段,这其中常用的是造意和本义规律、文字系统性规律和字形分化规律。考察字义说解要正确区分体现构形意图的造意和表示词义的本义,运用文字系统性规律要注意由字形发展导致的规律的时代性问题,利用形声字分化规律则应正视它在《说文解字》中应用得并不普遍这一事实。

  9. Wen Xin Diao Long:The Realization of Liu Xie’s Dream%《文心雕龙》:刘勰的梦想达成

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    米晓燕

    2015-01-01

    刘勰在《文心雕龙・序志》篇中描写的两个梦,正是他的两个愿望,反映了他写作《文心雕龙》的两个目的。一个是为文重视文采的愿望理想,一个是追随孔子的自豪之情。因此《文心雕龙》处处反映出以儒家思想为统领的文艺观,无论其写作的动机、全书的结构,还是其评论的标准,都是对儒家“树德”理想的实现。在“树德”的基础之上,通过“建言”形成了其文采的理论,这就是《情采》篇中所说的“形文”、“声文”和“情文”,认为“五色杂而成黼黻,五音比而成韶夏,五情发而为辞章”,既强调对文章的修饰和润色,又强调情感对文章的作用。刘勰以此成就了魏晋南北朝时期文论的成熟和繁盛。%The two dreams described in Liu Xie’s The Pre face ofWen X in Diao Long just are his two wi-shes ,reflects his two writing purposes of Wen X in Diao Long .One is the desire for literary attention ,and the other is the pride offollowing Confucius .Therefore ,Wen X in Diao Long reflect literary and art view in all respects based on Confucianism .Regardless of the writing motives ,the book structure ,or the re-view standards are realization on the Confucian “shuter” ideal .On the basis ofthe “shuter” ,the writer forms the literary theory through the “ adv ice” ,which is the “shape essay” ,“sound essay” and “ love es-say” said in the article ofQing Cai ,which thinks “ five color blending to be pleasing beauti ful ,five tune ap plying to be melodious rhythm , five love ex p ressing to be beauti ful art” .It emphasizes on the modifi-cation and embellishment ,and emphasizes the function ofarticle to emotion .Since then ,Liu Xie contrib-utes to the maturity and prosperity ofliterary theory in Wei Jin and Northern and Southern Dynasties .

  10. WenShenTang for 80 Cases of Early Diabetic Nephropathy%温肾汤治疗早期糖尿病肾病80例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王学琦; 李丰华; 张荣华; 俞登虎

    2013-01-01

    目的:观察温肾汤治疗早期糖尿病肾病(DN)的临床疗效。方法:80例早期DN患者在采用糖尿病教育、调节控制饮食、适当运动、药物控制血糖的基础上给予温肾汤,1剂/d,水煎分2次口服。4周为1疗程,连续治疗2个疗程后观察患者尿微量蛋白/肌酐(MA/Cr)、血β2微球蛋白(β2-MG)、尿β2-MG、尿α1微球蛋白(α1-MG)、血肌酐(SCr)、血浆纤维蛋白(FIB)、血脂[总胆固醇(TC)、甘油三酯(TG)、高密度脂蛋白胆固醇(HDL-C)、低密度脂蛋白胆固醇(LDL-C)]变化情况。结果:治疗后MA/Cr、血β2-MG、尿β2-MG、尿α1-MG、血SCr、血FIB均有减少(P<0.05),TC、TG、LDL-C、HDL-C明显改善(P<0.05)。结论:温肾汤能有效延缓早期DN的进展,减少尿蛋白,显著改善血脂。%Objective:To observe clinical effects of WenShenTang in treating early diabetic nephropathy (DN). Method:All 80 patients took WenShenTang on the foundation of diabetes education, diet regulation, proper exercise and blood glucose controlling through drugs, one dose per day, water decocted and taking twice. Four weeks were one course of treatment, and the changes of microalbuminuria/creatinine (MA/Cr), blood β2 microglobulin (β2-MG), urinaryβ2 microglobulin (β2-MG), urinary α1 microglobulin (α1-MG), serum creatinine (SCr), plasma fibrinogen (FIB), total cholesterol (TC), glycerin trilaurate (TG), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) were observed after two consecutive courses of treatment. Result: After treating, MA/Cr, bloodβ2-MG, urinaryβ2-MG, urinaryα1-MG, SCr and FIB were decreased (P<0.05), TC, TG, LDL-C and HDL-C were improved obviously (P<0.05). Conclusion:WenShenTang could effectively delay the development of early DN, reduce proteinuria and remarkably improve blood lipid.

  11. To Meet on the Way to Language---Analyze the Linguistic of Heidegger and "Qi Wu Lun"%语言路上的相遇--海德格尔和庄子《齐物论》研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    连悦

    2015-01-01

    In the view of the language issue,Zhuangzi and Heidegger have the high degree of identity.In their view,the start-ing point of all languages is not people,but language itself.People are able to understand Tao and existence in the language. By means of analysis of the language of Heidegger,Zhuangzi's "Qi Wu Lun"is discussed.And expound the correspond of their language ways in many aspects.Their language is not one description of things,but the communication of mind and matter.A-bandon paranoid and make it a natural appearance.%在语言问题的看法上,庄子与海德格尔存在着高度的同一性。在他们看来,一切语言的出发点并不是人,而是语言本身,人们能够在语言中去体悟道、体悟存在。这里借助海德格尔对语言的分析对庄子《齐物论》之言进行了探讨,从多方面阐述出二者在语言道路上的契合。他们的语言不是人对事物的描述,而是心与物的交流,放弃偏执,使其自然显现。

  12. Study on mosque architectural form development of the Hui Nationality in the Yellow River Basin%黄河流域回族清真寺建筑形态发展研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨新新

    2015-01-01

    以中国黄河流域的回族聚居区为研究范围,以回族清真寺为研究对象,通过探讨黄河流域回族清真寺的建筑形态发展,分析了回族清真寺在我国回族穆斯林生活中的作用,并对其保护与发展措施进行了研究,以期为我国伊斯兰建筑艺术的研究和回族清真寺的发展提供参考。%Taking the Hui Nationality concentrated area of the Yellow River Basin in China as the research scope,taking the Hui Nationality mosque as the research target,through explores the architectural form development of the Hui Nationality mosque of the Yellow River Basin,the paper analyzes the role of the Hui Nationality mosque in domestic Muslim living,and studies its protection and development,with a view to pro-vide some guidance for domestic Muslim building arts research and the Hui Nationality mosque development.

  13. 恢刺法治疗急性肩周炎50例%Treatment of 50 Patients with Acute Shoulder Periarthritis by Hui Acupuncture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王孝艳; 张轶鸣; 贾延涛; 王慧; 岳全; 吴继开; 陈斯

    2015-01-01

    目的:观察恢刺法针刺阳陵泉、阿是穴治疗急性肩周炎的临床疗效。方法:将100例肩周炎患者随机分为治疗组,对照组。治疗组50例采用恢刺法针刺阳陵泉、阿是穴治疗;对照组50例采用常规针刺治疗。均每天针刺1次,疗程2周,观察其疗效。结果:治疗组疗效明显高于对照组。结论:恢刺法针刺阳陵泉、阿是穴治疗急性肩周炎可缓解疼痛,改善肩关节活动度,有较好疗效。%Objective:To observe the clinical effects on the acute shoulder periarthritis by Hui acupuncture at Yanglingquan point and Ashi point.Methods:100 patients were randomly divided into two groups:a treatment group and a control group.Among them, 50 patients in the treatment group were treated by Hui acupuncture at Yanglingquan point and Ashi point while other 50 patients in the control group received normal acupuncture treatment.During the two weeks’ treatment, all the patients were acupunctured once a day.Results:Patients in the treatment group felt much relieved than those in the control group.Conclusion:Hui acupuncture at Yan-glingquan point and Ashi point turns out to be a desirably effective way to treat acute shoulder periarthritis.

  14. Development obstacles of poor rural Hui ethnic females and its countermeasures: Based on survey data of 1 327 Hui ethnic females of Guanghe county%回族农村女性的发展障碍与应对策略——基于广河县1327名回族女性的调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩振兴; 韩建民

    2012-01-01

    Based on the survey data of 1 327 poor rural Hui ethnic females (over fourteen years old) of Guanghe county, Gansu province, this paper finds that due to the influence of traditional family value, poor healthy condition and poor exploitation of human resources, poor rural Hui women face many development obstacles such as their low status in the family, low educational background, little social participation. Hence, the writer proposes some countermeasures so as to promote the sound development of rural Hui women: to advocate new religion and family concept; to promote the education and training of the rural Hui women; to recognize the value of rural women's housework; to encourage them to engage in some small business and provide small loans to them.%基于甘肃广河县294户回族家庭1 327名回族女性(14岁以上)的调查发现,由于传统宗教家庭观念限制、身体健康水平欠佳以及人力资源的教育性开发不力等因素影响,回族农村女性面临诸多发展障碍,如家庭经济地位低下、文化程度不高、社会参与度低等。据此,应提倡新的宗教、家庭观念;加强回族农村女性教育,强化其农业科技知识培训;认定农村女性家务劳动的实际价值,鼓励其从事基本商业贸易并提供小额贷款倾斜政策,最终促进回族农村女性自身的良性发展。

  15. 宋代词人对温庭筠词的借鉴与创新%On the Reference and Innovation of the Ci-poetry of Wen Tingyun by Ci Writers of the Song Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡慧; 钱锡生

    2015-01-01

    The Ci-poetry of Wen Tingyun was not only revered as a model in Hua Jian Ji, but it also had a pro⁃found impact in the Song Dynasty. In their creative process, Ci writers of the Song Dynasty often intentionally or unintentionally learned and imitated the Ci-poetry of Wen Tingyun. Some writers copied and imitated the words and sentences from Wen Tingyun’s Ci-poetry, while others imitated and learned from his writing style. On such a basis, many Ci writers of the Song Dynasty could also make their works exceed Wen Tingyun’s. Thus, the Ci-poet⁃ry of the Song Dynasty had its own unique features and diverse contents and styles.%温庭筠的词不仅在《花间集》中被尊为典范,在宋代也产生了深远影响。宋代词人在创作时,常常有意或无意地对温庭筠词进行借鉴与模仿,这种借鉴有的是字句的搬用和化用,有的是风格上的模仿和借鉴。在此基础上,很多宋代词人又能对温词有所超越,使宋词具有自身面貌的独特性和内容风格的多元性。

  16. Multi-dipole observation system and study on the abnormal variation of the geoelectric field observed at Capital Circle area before the Wen'an Ms5.1 earthquake

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MA Qin-zhong

    2008-01-01

    On July 4, 2006, a Ms 5.1 earthquake occurred in Wen'an county of Hebei Province f which the epicenter is near the Beijing city. The six geoelectric field monitoring stations have been in operation for several years around the Beijing area to examine the relationship between electric field changes and earthquake. This paper firstly explains the principle of the eliminating noise method by using multi-dipole observation system of the geoelectric field. Then the data observed at the stations are studied and a lot of abnormal signals preceding the Wen'an earthquake are selected, of which five abnormal signals of the geoelectric field are finally recognized as the precursory signals. The result shows that ① there probably exists the precursory signals of the geoelectric field preceding the Wen'an earthquake; ② there are sensitive sites in the spatial distribution of the abnormal variation of the geoelectric field before the quack; ~ the anomalous signals do not appear synchronously, and their durations are not same at different stations; ④ the amplitudes of the abnormal signals recorded at Baodi station are small, but large at Changli station, while the latter is farther from the epicentral area than the former.

  17. Appendix I3-1 to Wind HUI Initiative 1: AWST-WindNET-Phase 1 Final Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    John Zack

    2012-07-15

    This report is an appendix to the Hawaii WindHUI efforts to develop and operationalize short-term wind forecasting and wind ramp event forecasting capabilities. The report summarizes the WindNET Phase 1 efforts on the Big Island of Hawaii and includes descriptions of modeling methodologies, use of field validation data, results and recommendations. The objective of the WindNET project was to investigate the improvement that could be obtained in short-term wind power forecasting for wind generation facilities operating on the island grids operated by Hawaiian Electric Companies through the use of atmospheric sensors deployed at targeted locations. WindNET is envisioned as a multiphase project that will address the short-term wind forecasting issues of all of the wind generation facilities on the all of the Hawaiian Electric Companies' island grid systems. The first phase of the WindNET effort (referred to as WindNET-1) was focused on the wind generation facilities on the Big Island of Hawaii. With complex terrain and marine environment, emphasis was on improving the 0 to 6 hour forecasts of wind power ramps and periods of wind variability, with a particular interest in the intra-hour (0-1 hour) look-ahead period. The WindNET project was built upon a foundation that was constructed with the results from a previously completed observation targeting study for the Big Island that was conducted as part of a project supported by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and interactions with the western utilities. The observational targeting study provided guidance on which variables to measure and at what locations to get the most improvement in forecast performance at a target forecast site. The recommendations of the observation targeting study were based on the application two techniques: (1) an objective method called ensemble sensitivity analysis (ESA) (Ancell and Hakim, 2007; Torn and Hakim, 2008; Zack et al, 2010); and (2) a subjective method based on a

  18. 明周太后与文华门哭谏事件%Empress Zhou and Fight Etiquette beside Wen Hua Door in Ming Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王海妍

    2011-01-01

    明代历史上,大臣为捍卫祖制伏阙争礼三次,最早始于成化年间的文华门哭谏。这次争礼因宪宗生母周太后在柑葬问题上与大臣的分歧引起,周太后的跋扈独断激起文武百官大规模请愿。文华门哭谏不仅引起皇室丰忖葬制度的重大变革,也是谏诤皇权不当行为而抗争请愿之开端。%Ministers debated for etiquette in defending the petition of the ceremony, which earliest happened beside the Wen Hua door in Ming Dynasty in Cheng Hua period. This etiquette releted Empress Zhou (the Mother of Xian Zong). There were different views about obsequies between Empress Zhou and ministers. Her selfish and dour determination provoked ministers petition. In consequence, the obsequies not only provoked great change of imperial family, but also became the beginning of petition campaigns about admonitory advisement to rulers who would disobev the rituals during his rai~rn

  19. 王士禛《问山亭诗》批语辑录%A Collection of Wang Shizhen' s Comment about"Wen Shan Ting Poems"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李振松

    2015-01-01

    The national library has the Ming manuscripts of Wang Xiangchun ' s "Wen Shan Ting Po-ems",Which is commented by Wang Shizhen .The found of this book has important reference value for the study of Wang Shizhen ' s Poetical Criticism , understanding Wang Xiangchun ' s poetry artistic achievements and for the study of the Wang family literary heritage .In view of this , the article is compiled Wang Shizhen ' s comments, to provide references for researchers .%国家图书馆藏有明代王象春 《问山亭诗》 的明抄本, 该书由王士禛批点. 该批点本的出现,对于研究王士禛的诗歌评点, 了解王象春的诗歌艺术成就, 以及对于探讨新城王氏家族的文学传承, 都具有重要的文献价值. 有鉴于此, 特将王士禛评点 《问山亭诗》 之批语予以辑录, 以供研究者参考.

  20. Robust model reference adaptive control for a two-dimensional piezo-driven micro-displacement scanning platform based on the asymmetrical Bouc-Wen model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haigen Yang

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The hysteresis characteristics resulted from piezoelectric actuators (PAs and the residual vibration in the rapid positioning of a two-dimensional piezo-driven micro-displacement scanning platform (2D-PDMDSP will greatly affect the positioning accuracy and speed. In this paper, in order to improve the accuracy and speed of the positioning and restrain the residual vibration of 2D-PDMDSP, firstly, Utilizing an online hysteresis observer based on the asymmetrical Bouc-Wen model, the PA with the hysteresis characteristics is feedforward linearized and can be used as a linear actuator; secondly, zero vibration and derivative shaping (ZVDS technique is used to eliminate the residual vibration of the 2D-PDMDSP; lastly, the robust model reference adaptive (RMRA control for the 2D-PDMDSP is proposed and explored. The rapid control prototype of the RMRA controller combining the proposed feedforward linearization and ZVDS control for the 2D-PDMDSP with rapid control prototyping technique based on the real-time simulation system is established and experimentally tested, and the corresponding controlled results are compared with those by the PID control method. The experimental results show that the proposed RMRA control method can significantly improve the accuracy and speed of the positioning and restrain the residual vibration of 2D-PDMDSP.

  1. 伊斯兰哲学宇宙论对回族传统宗教信仰文化的影响%Chinese Islamic Philosophy to Hui Traditional Cosmological Religious Beliefs Cultural Influence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邱双成; 崔华华

    2012-01-01

    伊斯兰哲学宇宙论与回族传统宗教信仰文化联系异常密切。回族传统宗教信仰文化的形成、内容以及形式等都深受伊斯兰哲学宇宙论的影响。对伊斯兰哲学宇宙论与回族传统宗教信仰文化的关系进行深入研究具有积极的意义。%Chinese Islamic philosophy cosmology and Hui traditional religious beliefs and cultural links are unusual close. Hui traditional religious cultural formation, religious belief culture content as well as religious cultural form etc all deeply influence of Chinese islamic philosophy cosmology. Islamic philosophy in China the hui traditional religion cosmology and in-depth study relation to culture has positive significance.

  2. Van huis naar school.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Levelt, P.B.M.

    1989-01-01

    In the Netherlands about two and a half million children are going each day to school as pedestrian, as cyclist or as moped- rider. It is important to remember that these children are forced by the society to go to school and the society has therefore the responsibility for the safe journey to schoo

  3. 回药少尼子的本草考证%Research on Materia Medica of Hui Herbal Medicine ShaoNiZi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨丽娟; 何婷; 高如宏

    2016-01-01

    According to the record in YanXingLu, prophet Mohammed said Hui medicine can cure many of disease. So we made a research on materia medica of Hui Herbal Medicine ShaoNiZi in Huihui prescriptions from several aspects, including Species research, historical records, origin, chemical composition, pharmacological ef-fects, traditional and modern medicine usage, and security as well, and found that it is the dry mature seed of the Ra-nunculaceae Nigella sativa L. Because of its wide therapeutic range, safety and non-toxic, it values to research.%《言行录》记载回药少尼子能够治疗许多疾病。因此本研究从品种考证、历史记载、产地、化学成分、药理作用、传统及现代医学用法、安全性等方面对《回回药方》中少尼子进行本草考证研究,确定其为毛茛科植物家黑种草 Nigella sativa L.的干燥成熟种子,其治疗范围极其广泛,且安全无毒,具有很大的研究价值。

  4. The Banquet Music of Hui Nationality in the Inheritance and the Variation%回族宴席曲的传承及流变

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓君

    2015-01-01

    回族宴席曲是西北流行的古老民间音乐形式,是我国民间音乐文化艺术的奇葩。它既保留了本民族的音乐特征又吸收了多民族音乐文化元素,演唱中自然夹杂了本民族语言及地方方言等词汇,特色鲜明,韵味独特。本文对回族宴席曲的传承和流变进行了概述,并通过典型的例子诠释了回族宴席曲的流变。%The Banquet music of Hui nationality is an ancient folk music in the northwest and a miracle of Chinese folk music culture .It retains the national music characteristics and absorbs other national music cultural elements ,singing naturally mixed with their native language and dialect ,which are distinctive and peculiar .In this paper ,the inheritance and evolvement of the Banquet music of Hui nationality are summa‐rized ,and the evolvement is interpreted by typical examples .

  5. About Five Kinds of Fault in "Shu Wu Guo Lun" for Today's Doctors%谈《疏五过论》的五种过错对当今医生的教育意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李锦绣; 郭福玲; 尹学东

    2014-01-01

    传统的医学道德观认为:“医乃仁术”、“生命至贵”等就是“大医精诚”。医者要做到“大医精诚”,就要避免《疏五过论》中医者的五种过错,使患者保持健康的生命。所以,医生要以严谨认真的工作态度,充分了解患者的病情;以生物心理社会医学模式来处理患者;不能急功近利,追求名誉,应常怀仁爱之心建立和谐的医患关系。医生处理患者的态度及自身的道德修养直接影响患者的健康和生命,这种理念应该成为医生终生追求的目标,这样才能顺应新医改的要求。%Traditional medical ethics is that "Medicine is the benevolence" ,"Life is the most valuable ," and so on ,which is the "big medicine sincere" .To reach the "big medicine sincere" ,a physician is need to avoid Chinese five persons fault in "Shu Wu Guo Lun" ,so that patients maintain a healthy life .Therefore ,a physician should take rigorous work attitude ,to fully understand the patient's condition ;and deal with patients by bio-psycho-social medical model ;not instant success ,the pursuit of fame ,a doctor shall be dedicated to providing competent medical care with compassion and respect for human dignity and rights ,establish a harmonious doctor-patient relationship .The attitudes which doctors to handle patients and their own morality can directly affect the patient's health and life .This idea should be lifelong goal to become a doctor ,so as to conform to the new health care reform requirements .

  6. 基于条件随机场的《伤寒论》中医术语自动识别%Automatic identification of TCM terminology in Shanghan Lun based on conditional random field

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟洪宇; 谢晴宇; 常虹; 孟庆刚

    2015-01-01

    Objective To explore the methods of automatic identification of TCM terminology and to ex-pand the forms of natural language processing in TCM documents.Methods Based on the methods of conditional random field( CRF) , annotation and automatic identification on terms of symptoms, diseases, pulse-types and prescriptions recorded in Shanghan Lun as the research subjects, the effects of different combinations of the features, such as Chinese character itself, part of speech, word boundary and term category label, on identification of terminology were analyzed and the most effective combination was selected.Results The TCM terminology automatic identification model, combining with the features of Chinese character itself, part of speech, word boundary and term category label, had the precision of 85.00%, recall of 68.00%and F score of 75.56%.Conclusion The multi-features model of combi-nation of Chinese character itself, part of speech, word boundary and the term category label achieved the best identifying result in all combinations.%目的:探索中医术语的自动识别方法,扩充中医文本的自然语言处理形式。方法采用基于条件随机场( CRF)的方法,针对《伤寒论》文本中的症状、病名、脉象、方剂等中医术语的自动识别标注问题,通过结合字本身、词性、词边界、术语类别标注的特征,分析不同特征组合对术语识别的影响,并探讨最具有效性的组合。结果以字本身、词边界、词性、类别标签为特征组合的中医术语识别模型准确率为85.00%,召回率为68.00%,F值为75.56%。结论字本身、词性、词边界、术语类别标注的多特征融合的模型识别效果最优。

  7. 甘肃临夏回族自治州回族老年人根面龋发病状况的抽样调查与分析%Incidence of root caries in Hui elderly people of Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture:a sampling survey

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    司庆宗; 安晓莉; 李淼; 马占海; 马玉梅; 赵望泓

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the incidence of root caries in Hui elderly people of Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture, Gansu Province. Methods Root caries in 436 Hui elderly people aged 65 -74 years and their clinical examination were investigated with questionnaire by random sampling according to the third national oral health survey standards and methods. Results The incidence of root caries in Hui elderly people of Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture was 28. 90% , with mean number of root caries of 0. 42. No significant difference was found in the incidence of root caries between urban and rural areas and between male and female (P >0.05). The filling rate of root caries was only 0. 68%. The root caries index ( RCI) value was 2. 85% and 2.76% , respectively, in the distal and mesial surfaces. The RCI value was higher in maxillary teeth than in corresponding mandibular teeth. Root caries involving one root surface was detected in 88. 7% of Hui elderly people. Logistic regression analysis showed that frequency of teeth brushing and sugar food intake was closely related with the occurrence of root caries in Hui elderly people of Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture ( OR; 0. 492,95%C7:0.317 to 0.764,P =0.002;OR:l. 654,95%C/:1.033 to 2.648,P =0.036). Conclusion The incidence of root caries in Hui elderly people of Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture is low due to their good oral health and life habits. However, root caries is rarely treated, thus needing instructions on their oral health and taking more preventive measures against their oral diseases.%目的 了解并分析甘肃省临夏回族自治州回族老年人根面龋发病状况.方法 按照第三次全国口腔健康流行病学调查标准和方法,采用多阶段分层等容量随机抽样方法对436例临夏回族65 ~ 74岁老年人进行问卷调查及根面龋的口腔临床检查.结果 临夏市65 ~ 74岁回族老年人恒牙根面龋患病率为28.90%,龋均为0.42.患龋率和龋均在城乡和性别

  8. 蔡英文两岸论述解析%The Analysis of the Discourse of Cai Ying-wen on Cross-strait Relations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    倪永杰

    2011-01-01

    民进党蔡英文的政策主张引起各方关注,其两岸论述既是选举策略,也反映了民进党当前的两岸思维与政策逻辑,对下阶段两岸关系的发展产生复杂影响。围绕2011年2月至6月间蔡英文公开发表的两岸言论进行分析,蔡的两岸论述在坚守"台独"内核的同时,持续进行策略调整,提出不少富有想象力的口号,但仍无法摆脱论述困境,陷于旧框架,缺乏新思维,两岸论述仍是民进党的重大"罩门"。%The policy advocated by Cai Ying-wen of Democratic Progressive Party attracted people's attention.Her discourse on cross-strait relations is not only her campaign strategy but also reflects the current logic thinking and policy of Democratic Progressive Party.It will have intricate influence on the development of cross-strait relations of the next stage.This article stresses and analyzes her two published speeches on cross-strait relations during Feb.to June of 2011.Although her discourse adheres to the kernel of "Taiwan independence" while continuing to undertake the adjustment strategy and bringing forward some imaginative slogans,she cannot get rid of the dilemma of her own discourse and it is immersed in the old framework of lacking fresh thought.Her cross-strait discourse is still the major "hood door" for Democratic Progressive Party.

  9. 王跃文案的竞争法思考%CONSIDERATIONS ON THE CASE OF WANG YUE-WEN FROM THE POINT OF VIEW OF COMPETITION LAW

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张燕

    2011-01-01

    The case of Wang Yue-wen put the question whether the author belongs to the "manager",although the court has made a decision of individual case,the new type unfair competition will keep appearing,if we explain every applicable subject,it will increase our justice cost.So I think the applicable subject of Anti-unfair Competition Law should extend its range from "manager" to all people whose activity can influence the market competition.Besides,this case also reflect the necessity of protecting image of celebrities,in order to protect their rights,we should increase a special regulation in the Anti-unfair Competition Law,avoiding the consumer produce confusion for image of celebrities that have commercial mark.%王跃文案提出了作家是否属于"经营者"问题,虽然法院对个案已做了认定,但新型的不正当竞争却会不断出现,若一一对适用主体进行解释将增加司法成本。所以《反不正当竞争法》适用主体应从"经营者"扩展到"凡影响市场竞争活动之人"。另外,该案也反映了名人形象保护的必要性,在《反不正当竞争法》中亦应增加一款专门规定予以保护,防止消费者对具备商业标识的名人形象产生混淆。

  10. 论回族的宗教信仰与养生保健%On Religious Beliefs and Health Preservation of Hui Group

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱国明

    2015-01-01

    In the perspective of Hui Muslims ,birth ,aging ,illness and death are the eternal laws of nature ,which are irresistible to human beings .Death of the mortal body is not the end but the continuum of human life and it may resurrect in the after life .Such a view of life has determined their ways of living different from Chinese Taoists who pursue immortal lives .The health preservation concepts of the Hui group are closely linked with their religious beliefs and living habits which influence their health values .From the perspective of traditional Chinese health preservation culture ,the religious activities and habits of Hui Muslims contain profound knowledge of health preservation .Meanwhile ,some of the wisdom and rationale can definitively serve as valuable guidance and inspiration for modern people in their pursuit of a healthy and satisfying life .%在回族穆斯林的思想观念中,生老病死是永恒的自然规律,不可抗拒。今世的死亡不是人生的结束,而是人生的继续,人的生命在后世还会复活。这样的生命观决定了他们不可能像中国道家一样去寻求长生不老的方式方法来延长自己的生命。回族穆斯林的养生保健,与他们的宗教信仰以及由其影响的健康生活习惯有密切的联系。在中国传统养生文化看来,回族穆斯林的宗教活动和日常生活习惯包含了丰富的养生之道。其中一些合理的观念和行为对当前人们的身心健康也具有重要的启示和借鉴作用。

  11. The Transfer of Land Contractual Management Rights in Ethnic Village--A Case Study of Ya’ergou Village in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Based on field survey in Ya’ergou Village,Yuanzhou District,Guyuan City,the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region,we analyze the status quo of the transfer of land contractual management rights in this village,and study the basic information,form,characteristics,and problems concerning the transfer of land contractual management rights in this nationality village.Then corresponding countermeasures are put forward for promoting the transfer of land contractual management rights in ethnic village as follows:strengthening the publicity of the policy in order to improve farmers’ ideological understanding;raising the rent in order to promote the transfer of the land contractual management rights;diverting the governmental investment to the talented people within village;consolidating management and resolving disputes in the transfer timely and effectively.

  12. L’expérience de la carrière scientifique aujourd’hui. Zoom sur le vécu de chercheurs postdoctorants

    OpenAIRE

    Fusulier, Bernard

    2016-01-01

    Cet article vise à alimenter le débat sur la régulation de la science et des carrières scientifiques aujourd’hui. Bien que fondé sur une analyse de l’organisation de la recherche en Belgique, il révèle certains aspects généralisables en particulier au système français. Il repose empiriquement sur une enquête ayant ciblé les chargés de recherches (postdoctorants) du Fonds national de la recherche scientifique (FNRS) initiée en 2010 à l’Université catholique de Louvain. Dans un premier temps, e...

  13. An Innovative Monograph: Comment on "A Study on Wen Yiduo" by Li Leping%一本具有新意的专著——评李乐平的《闻一多论稿》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈国恩

    2011-01-01

    “A Study on Wen Yiduo”, is a monographic study on Wen Yiduo's Literary theory, poetry writing and his pursuit of poetic beauty. It has the following features: first, the study shows great concerned about the results of previous studies by focusing on the academic history so as to have informative feature; Second, the method of dialectical thinking is used based on existing research achievement to find new areas of cross-zone or edge discovering and studying new problems; Third, the disciplinary boundaries are broken up to explore ancient and modem contact from his ideological transformation. This monograph implements the spirit of innovation, making a valuable exploration concepts and methods of thought. On some issues, people's understanding of Wen Yiduo is deepened.%,就闻一多的文艺思想、新诗创作和诗美追求等方面进行了专题研究.其特色,一是关注前人研究成果,着力于学术史的清理,资料丰富;二是遵循辩证思维的方法,在现有研究成果的基础上寻找新的交叉地带或边缘领域,发现和研究新的问题;三是打通学科分界,从古今联系中探讨闻一多的思想转变.这本专著贯彻了创新精神,在思想观念和研究方法上做了可贵的探索,在一些问题上把人们对闻一多的认识深化了.

  14. 从“区域”到“整体”:回族史研究的历史人类学思考%From Region to Entirety:a Historical Anthropology Study on Hui Muslims’ History

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沙彦奋

    2016-01-01

    目前,回族历史研究主要存在三种取向:一是受传统史学研究的影响,研究材料主要依赖于文献资料,缺乏对民间资料的重视;二是受回族分布格局的影响,区域性特点鲜明;三是受学科的影响,研究方法比较单一。文化的地域性和区域历史的特殊性,是回族历史研究不能忽视的两个方面。突出区域文化在回族历史研究方面有重要的作用。在加强回族区域历史“文本”书写的同时,注重回族史研究的整体建构,是回族历史研究应有之义。%At present, the historical study of the Hui Muslims mainly exists three kinds of orientation , the first was affected by the tradi-tional historical research , which was the materials research mainly depended on the literature ,and lack of attention to the private information;the second was affected by the distribution pattern of Hui Muslims with distinctive regional characteristics;the third was affected by subject, research method is relatively homogeneous .Regional culture and the specialty of regional history are two aspects not be ignored .Highlighting the regional culture plays an important role in the study of Hui Muslims ’ history.While strengthening the “text” writing of the Hui Mus-lims’ regional history, overall construction of the research on Hui Muslims’ history is the significance of the research.

  15. Le fonctionnement en réseau comme élément du contexte d’intervention en santé mentale aujourd’hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabelle Deliège

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Le contexte dans lequel sont aujourd’hui amenés à intervenir les professionnels de la santé mentale est de plus en plus marqué par les pratiques de collaboration qui se développent au-delà des frontières d’une institution, qu’on appelle aussi le "travail en réseau". Le modèle du réseau s’est construit en opposition à celui de l’institution; ces deux modèles de fonctionnement se différencient tant dans le rapport qu’ils entretiennent au savoir, qu’à la norme et au contrôle. Cet article resitue l’émergence du concept de réseau dans les politiques publiques belges. Le fonctionnement en réseau dans la pratique soulève aussi une série de difficultés et de questions comme la cohabitation des logiques institutionnelles et réticulaires, la répartition de la responsabilité et les modalités de prise de décision, l’intérêt de la formalisation (ou non des procédures, la responsabilisation de l’usager des services de santé mentale et l’articulation des savoirs autant de questions que pose aujourd’hui le contexte d’intervention en santé mentale.

  16. Experience of SUN Wen-liang for treating diabetic foot ulcers with Xuanshen%孙文亮主任医师重用玄参治疗糖尿病足溃疡经验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭建辉

    2013-01-01

    Diabetic foot ulcer is serious complications of diabetes. SUN Wen-liang uses Xuanshen to treat diabetic foot ulcers. Qingre Yangyin, Liangxue Jiedu, annealing and sterilizing. He often receives good effect.%糖尿病足溃疡是严重糖尿病并发症。孙文亮主任医师重用玄参清热养阴,凉血解毒,走血分以退瘀火,行经络来消痈毒,治疗糖尿病足溃疡往往收到良效。

  17. 《说文解字》象形字初探%A Primary Study on Pictographic Characters in Shuo Wen Jie Zi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    提运繁

    2016-01-01

    《说文解字》自成书以来备受文字学家的推崇。对其研究也涉及各个方面。本文对其中象形字从构形、取象、说解方式三方面入手进行探讨。构形方面,象形字分为全体象形、部分象形、连体象形。取象方面,分属天文地理类、动物类、人体类、植物类、人工物类等。说解方式则有“象形”、“象某某之形”、“象某某”、“从某,象某某”、“从某,象某形”、“从某,象形”六种。在整个汉字构形体系中,象形字是其它类型汉字构形的基础。%Shuo Wen Jie Zi has been immensely rewarded and respected by philologists since its publication. The researches on this book involve various aspects. The current thesis attempts to probe into pictographic characters from the angles of formation, image-taking,and ways of explaining. From the perspective of form,pictographic characters are categorized into entire picto-graphs,partial pictographs and conjoined pictographs. On the aspect of image-taking,they respectively belong to type of as-tronomy and geography,animal,human body,plant,artificial objects and so forth. Besides,there are six ways of explaining pictographic characters,namely,“Pictograph”,“Like the shape of…”,“Like…”,“Like…according to…”,“Like the shape of…according to…”and“Pictograph,according to…”. Pictographic characters serve as the basis of forming of other sorts of Chinese characters in the whole system of Hanzi formation.

  18. 陆机《文赋》几个问题的理解%Comprehension of Some Issues of Wen Fu by Lu Ji

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢盛江; 杨宝珠

    2014-01-01

    Wen Fu by Lu Ji discusses on the relationship among object, consciousness and writing and the preparation of literature creation. Yet some issues need more accurate understanding. For example,"object"refers to the nature objects with form but also refers to abstract meaning or social issues."Consciousness"refers to the conceptual consciousness and the intuitive consciousness. The discussion of the relationship among object, con-sciousness and writing based on the experience of creation as well as the differentiation to language and meaning in Metaphysics. For example,"Zhu zhong qu yi xuan lan"means to live in the universe with a mood of Taoist oblivi-on. "Qing qun yan zhi li ye" means to motivate all the artistic accomplishments."Fu si hai yu yi shun" means to have great artistic capacity."Xin qing mao zhi bu cha"means the structure and organization need to be consistent with the emotion, etc.%陆机《文赋》论物、意、文的关系,创作前的准备,有些问题需要更为准确理解。比如“物”,既指具形的自然之物,又指抽象事理社会事物。所谓“意”,既指构想之意,又指直觉感受之意。论物、意、言关系,来自创作经验,也与玄学言意之辨有关。比如“伫中区以玄览”,指以空明坐忘的体道心境处于天地寰宇之中,人世万物之间;“倾群言之沥液”,指调动所有的艺术修养;“抚四海于一瞬”,是说要有巨大的艺术容量;“信情貌之不差”,指谋篇布局的貌,要和需要表达的感情相一致,等等。

  19. 回族人群饮食习惯与胃癌发生的相关性研究%Study on correlation of dietary habits and risk of gastric cancer in Hui population

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨晓辉; 葛箭; 蔡慧珍; 葛云叶

    2012-01-01

    目的 研究回族人群独特的饮食习惯与胃癌患病的相关性,并进一步探讨与回族人群胃癌发病相关的饮食危险因素.方法 采用1∶1配对的病例对照研究方法,问卷调查126例胃癌和贲门癌回族患者以及126例非病例回族人群的饮食习惯,采用单因素和多因素条件Logistic回归模型进行数据分析.结果 经单因素与多因素条件Logistic回归分析结果显示,三餐不定时、常食腌制食品、常食油炸食品均有统计学意义(P<0.05,OR值分别为3.054,2.363,1.915).常食水果可降低胃癌的发生(OR=0.281,P<0.01).结论 三餐不定时、常食腌制食品及常食油炸食品可能会增加回族人群胃癌患病的危险性,而多食水果是回族胃癌的保护因素.%OBJECTIVE To study correlation of the special dietary habits and the risk of gastric cancer in Hui population, and to explore the risk factors of diet associated with gastric cancer in Hui population. METHODS 1:1 matched case-control study was conducted in 126 Hui people with gastric cancer, cardiac carcinoma and normal Hui people. Questionnaire including diet factors was used in the subjects. The data were analyzed by mono-factorial and multi-factorial conditional Logistic regression. RESULTS It revealed in mono-factorial and multi-factorial conditional Logistic regression analysis that there was a significant correlation between taking meals at irregular time, taking pickled foods frequently, taking fried foods frequently and gastric cancer in Hui people with odds ratios of 3.054, 2.363, and 1.915 respectively (P < 0.05). The results also showed that taking fresh fruit frequently was likely to decrease the risk of gastric cancer in Hui people (OR =0.281, P < 0.01). CONCLUSION The study shows that the dietary habits are associated with gastric cancer in Hui population as taking meals at irregular time, taking pickled foods frequently, taking fried foods frequently are the possible risk factors for

  20. 晚清《论语》诠释路径之考察--以刘恭冕《论语述》为中心%The Methodological Study of The Analects of Confucius in the Late Qing Dynasty---The Investigation of Liu Gongmian’s Account for Lun Yu Centered

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高瑞杰

    2014-01-01

    With the rise of the Changzhou School in the late Qing Dynasty, many Confucianists gradually began to ease the gap between Han Dynasty and Song Dynasty of learning, and the reform and change in Han learning sprung up. Within the study of Confucius classics, there was an upsurge of Gongyang to explain Confucius classics, especially famous for the collection of the Analects Note. For Liu Fenglu’s Lun Yu Shu He, many descendants criticized it because it was far-fetched. Compared with Lun Yu Shu He, Liu Gongmian’s Lun Yu Zhu Xun had many merits, such as it was conscientiously sum up, it could demonstrate deep meaning, it had its own conclusion, and it could convince people because of rigorously argument. Liu identified the“Crownless King” righteous of the present era, and produce a fusion of matter and reason. Therefore, he became unique in the group of studying the Analects in the Gongyang period in the late Qing Dynasty, which played a very important role for those who do research on Analects and should be affirmed.%随着晚清常州公羊学派的兴起,诸儒逐渐开始舒缓汉宋之防,汉学的自我更新亦随之兴起。经学研究内部出现了一股以《公羊》解《论语》的热潮,尤以辑录何休《论语注训》为盛。其中,刘逢禄的《论语述何》被后人批评为师心自用,而有“郢书燕说”之讥;相比之下,刘恭冕的《论语注训》,或兢兢于辑录,或引申其说,间裁断于己,而又论证严谨,令人信服。刘氏以朴实的乾嘉学风为根基,去认同今文家的素王大义,故而产生一种事与理的融通,在晚清群经公羊化学潮中独树一帜,并对后学产生一定影响,应予肯定。

  1. Gym tussen wens en werkelijkheid

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Borghouts, Lars B.

    2009-01-01

    Wat wensen wij te bereiken met de Lichamelijke Opvoeding, en welke effecten bereiken wij daad- werkelijk? Om duidelijk te maken aan politici, beleidsmakers en schooldirecties waarom het bewegingsonderwijs een belangrijke plaats ver- dient in het onderwijs, moet je dit scherp kunnen neerzetten. Een o

  2. Gym tussen wens en werkelijkheid

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    dr. Lars B. Borghouts

    2009-01-01

    Wat wensen wij te bereiken met de Lichamelijke Opvoeding, en welke effecten bereiken wij daad- werkelijk? Om duidelijk te maken aan politici, beleidsmakers en schooldirecties waarom het bewegingsonderwijs een belangrijke plaats ver- dient in het onderwijs, moet je dit scherp kunnen neerzetten. Een o

  3. Clinical Experience of Professor Zhai Wen-sheng Treatment of Primary IgA Nephropathy%翟文生教授治疗免疫球蛋白A沉积性肾病(IgA nephropathy)的经验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵小静

    2011-01-01

    目的:总结翟文生教授治疗原发性免疫球蛋白A沉积性肾病(IgA nephropathy)临床经验.方法:探讨该病的病因病机,提出热、瘀、虚是IgA肾病病机、辨证论治的关键;重视清热解毒利咽、活血化瘀、扶正补虚在治疗中的作用.结果与结论:翟文生教授治疗Isa肾病的经验对临床有重要的指导意义.%Objective:To summarize the clinical experience of professor ZhaiWenSheng treatment of primary IgA nephropathy. Methods:To explore the causes and pathogenesis f the disease,proposed heat, blood stasis, virtual is pathogenesis of IgA nephropathy, syndrome differentiation and treatment key, Attention clearing heat and the pharynx, promoting blood circulation to remove blood stasis, centralizer fill in the treatment of virtual function. Results and Conclusion: Professor ZhaiWenSheng treatment experience of clinical IgA nephropathy have important significance and deserves further study.

  4. 试论《文心雕龙》目录分类的思想内蕴%On the Ideological Implications in the Content Classification of“WenXinDiaoLong”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨弘倩

    2015-01-01

    刘勰的《文心雕龙》是中国古代文论中最优秀的作品之一,《文心雕龙》的目录分类体现了刘勰深受儒家、佛家思想的影响,其中儒家思想对其的影响大多体现于审美倾向和思想主题方面,佛家思想的影响则主要体现于全书的结构布局方面。%s:Liu Xie’s“Wen Xin Diao Long”occupies an important position in the history of Chinese liter⁃ature criticism. The content of“Wen Xin Diao Long”reflects that Liu Xie was deeply influenced by Confucian⁃ism and Buddhism. The influence of Confucianism mostly reflected his aesthetic tendencies and ideas and the influence of Buddhism mostly reflected his structural and layout.

  5. The Status and Role of Hui people in Economic Development of Ningxia in Qing Dynasty%回族在清代宁夏经济发展中的地位和作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘锦增

    2016-01-01

    Hui people is an important component of the population of Ningxia in Qing Dynasty.In the early pe-riod of Qing Dynasty, Hui people mainly inhabited in areas like Xiji, Haiyuan, Guyuan, Tongxin, Jinji, Lingzhou, Wuzhong and Pingluo, where agriculture was relatively developed and traffic was relatively convenient, and the pop-ulation of Hui people living in the North was much more than that in the South.In the late Qing Dynasty, Guyuan, Yanchi and Tongxin became their main inhabiting areas.Hui people in Ningxia play an important role in the devel-opment of agriculture, handicraft industry and business in Qing Dynasty.In the long-term economic activities in Qing Dynasty, an economic structure of Hui people in Ningxia was formed in which they were mainly engaged in ag-riculture and concurrently engaged in animal husbandry and handicraft industry.It is very significant for our man-agement of ethnic relations and acceleration of economic development of Ningxia to understand and acknowledge the role Hui people ever played in the economic development of Ningxia in ancient times.%回族是清代宁夏人口的重要组成部分。清代前期,宁夏的回族主要集中在西吉、海原、固原、同心、金积、灵州、吴忠、平罗等农业相对发达、交通较为便利的地区,且北部多于南部。清代后期,固原、同心等地成为回族的聚居区。回族在清代宁夏农牧业、手工业和商业的发展中起了很大作用。清代宁夏的回族在长期的经济活动中,形成了以农业为主,兼营畜牧业、手工业和商业的经济结构。正确认识和了解回族在古代宁夏经济开发中的作用,对于当前正确处理民族关系、加快宁夏经济发展具有重要的意义。

  6. L’éthique japonaise comme modèle dans l’entreprise taiwanaise. Le cas de Hsu Wen-lung et la compagnie Chimei Japanese Ethics as a Model in Taiwanese Companies: The Case of Hsu Wen-lung and the Chimei Corporation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yū Yamada

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Fondateur de l’entreprise taiwanaise Chimei, Hsu Wen-lung est une personnalité incontournable à Taiwan dans les domaines de la technologie de pointe, du mécénat et de la politique. Issu d’une famille modeste, il met en place en quelques années et à partir de peu de moyens un empire industriel et financier, tout en tranchant nettement avec ses concurrents en ce qui concerne la gestion de l’entreprise et ses activités externes. En effet, on peut remarquer, tant dans le management de Chimei, les activités de mécène des arts et de la musique que dans ses ouvrages, discours officiels et privés, que Hsu voue une admiration profonde au Japon et à certaines personnalités japonaises qui ont œuvré au développement de Taiwan durant la période d’annexion de l’île par le Japon, de 1895 à 1945. Après avoir retracé les grandes lignes de l’histoire de Hsu et de Chimei, on s’attellera à expliquer d’une part la représentation du Japon et de la période japonaise chez Hsu, et, d’autre part, l’influence japonaise – notamment celle de l’éthique du bushidō – dans l’organisation de son entreprise et ses activités de mécénat.Founder of Taiwanese-based Chimei company, Hsu Wen-lung is an eminent figure in Taiwan, especially in high technology, patronage and political fields. Even if he was not very well off in the beginning, he eventually set up a financial and industrial empire, while differing greatly from his rivals because of the peculiar way of managing Chimei. Apart from the factory, Hsu decided to invest into patronage of arts, hospitals, environmental and educational programs. In his actions, the books he wrote, in official and private declarations as well, Hsu repeatedly manifests that he feels a profound admiration for Japan and for some well-known Japanese who tended to develop Taiwan during Japanese Rule (1895-1945. In this paper we begin with a presentation of Hsu and Chimei, then we explain what

  7. Exploring the effect of hui-merchant’s clan sense and family business in Anhui%徽商宗族观对当代安徽家族企业发展的作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    As the support of clan, ancient hui-merchants were al-powerful more then 300 years. Nowadays, there are many family business improve rapidly in the land of Anhui with the support of family. This thesis explores the interaction between the hui-merchants and lineage from the clan sense, at the same time, sums up the inheritance and development of hui-merchants on the clan sense. Exploring the advantage of the hui-merchants’ clan sense. The purpose is to find out how the clan sense support the Anhui family business entrepreneurial management, and take great use of its benefits. So we can improve the succes ful rate of the family business entrepreneurship, and promote the development of the enterprises in Anhui.%  由于宗族力量等原因的支持,古徽商携亲带友在商场叱咤风云三百余年。今天,在徽商曾经居住过的土地上,由于家族力量的支持,新徽商的家族企业正在快速发展。本文从宗族观角度出发,探究徽商与宗族之间的相互作用,研究家族企业的特点和发展过程,同时,总结新徽商对徽商宗族观的继承和发展,目的是为了发现宗族观对安徽家族企业的影响,积极利用其有利方面,从而提高家族企业创业的成功率,促进安徽家族企业的发展。

  8. Creativity Makes A New County——Hui Autonomous County of Dachang%图强求精天地新创意水乡展宏图——大厂回族自治县

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ Hui Autonomous County of Dachang was established in 1955, a Beijing-nearest county of ethnic minority group. Dachang, is a creative city from water. It is origi-nally a piece of vast grassland with beauti-ful scenery full of spring and grass. The emperor Zhu Li of Ming Dynasty estab-lished royal horse ground here and granted Dachang as its name.

  9. Bibliometrics Analysis on the Periodical Literature in the Journal of Hui Muslim Minority Studies in China%我国回族研究引用期刊文献计量分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘玉霞

    2012-01-01

    Taking the 2001-2010 statistical data of refers to the periodical literature of Journal of Hui Muslim Minority Studies which is the unique academic journal to study the historical culture of Hui nationality and the problem of the Hui nationality during the Socialist period as the base, the paper makes the statistics and analysis on the reference frequency, the kinds of reference periodicals, subject publications of the referred papers and papers publishment, and so on, from the perspective of bibliometrics.%以我国唯一的全方位研究回族历史文化及社会主义时期回族问题的学术性期刊——《回族研究》2001-2010年引用期刊文献的统计数据为蓝本,从引用频次、引用期刊种类、引用论文的学科发布及著者发布等方面,从文献计量学视角,进行了统计与分析.

  10. 论回族口承非物质文化的传承与保护%Research on the Inheritance and Protection of the Oral Culture of the Hui Minority

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马晓琴

    2012-01-01

    The oral cultural heritage of the Hui is rich in content and vast in scope. Related government de- partments and scholars have made positive efforts and attained a certain level of success in rescuing and protecting intangible aspects of Hui culture. However, with the shock of globalization and modernization, the oral culture of the Hui is confronted with marginalization and eradication. For this reason, there is an urgent need for the inherit- ance and protection of its cultural heritage.%回族口承非物质文化遗产内容丰富,种类众多。相关政府部门和学者积极有为,在抢救和保护回族非物质文化方面作出积极努力并取得一定成效。但在全球化和现代化的冲击下,回族口承文化仍然面临边缘化和被消解的窘境。因此,对其保护和传承工作亟须跟进。

  11. 临夏回族舞蹈的动律特征及形成因素%Movement Patterns and Formative factors of Hui Dance in Linxia Area,Gansu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马路明; 李琦

    2011-01-01

    "动律"是一个民族舞蹈风格的重要体现,对动律特征及形成因素的深入分析,能帮助我们理解该民族舞蹈中的多元文化现象。笔者以甘肃临夏地区的回族舞蹈为切入点,试析在特定的自然环境、生活习俗和民族心理等因素中回族舞蹈的动律特征及形成因素,以进一步推进回族舞蹈的继承与发展。%Movement pattern is an important manifestation of ethnic dance styles. By analyzing features of movement patterns and their formative factors,multi-cultures can be revealed in the ethnic dance. The author of the paper examines Hui dance in Linxia area of Gansu Province,analyzing how specific environment,living habit and customs as well as ethnic psychology has influenced the movement patterns and formation of the dance of Hui people. The purpose of the study is to offer suggestions to the inheritance and development of Hui dance.

  12. Hui Musl ims’ National Identity and Cultural Consciousnesses duringAnti-Japanese War%抗日战争时期回族的国家意识与文化自觉

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓霞

    2015-01-01

    国家意识提升与民族文化自觉是近现代以来回族发展的新气象,在抗日战争时期,回族更是以奋勇抗战、爱国爱教的实际行动体现出回族在近代民族国家条件下对民族与国家利益相一致关系的深刻认识。回族的民族文化自觉也将回族引向现代民族发展之路。%Chinese Hui Muslims had promoted national identity and ethnic cultural consciousness since modern China , which as a new phenomenon, had been embodied during the anti-Japanese war that Hui Muslims implemented their ideology of Love Nation and Love Islam into effect.Hui Muslims’ ethnic cultural consciousness helped themselves find a route to modern development .

  13. Analysis of the Source of the Famous Brand of the Hui Muslims’ Restaurant%回族餐饮老字号品牌资产来源分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    景娥

    2015-01-01

    Hui Muslims’ famous brands are the precious heritage after many years of operation, which is influenced by the epitome of the Hui culture. Brand awareness, brand loyalty, brand association are three elements which have significant positive impact on Hui Mus-lims’ famous brands. In this article, we suggest that the famous brands consistently help update the brand connotation, constantly enhance the brand awareness, foster customer brand loyalty, and establish a convenient service business philosophy.%回族餐饮老字号是回族文化的宝贵资产。品牌认知、品牌忠诚度、品牌联想三个要素对回族餐饮老字号品牌资产有显著正向影响,建议回族老字号更新回族餐饮老字号品牌内涵,不断提升品牌知名度,培育顾客品牌忠诚度,树立便捷服务经营理念。

  14. Development and Application of Testing Platform in Wen 96 Reservoir%测试平台在文96储气库注采井的研制与应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邢庆刚; 蔡继文; 付祥; 毛瑞丽; 邢庆芳

    2016-01-01

    随着文96储气库注采井的投产运行,优质、高效、安全地做好文96储气库注采井的动态监测工作是十分重要的。由于储气库井属高压注采井采气树选用压力等级为35MPa以上的井口装置,距地面高度达到3m以上,井口操作人员站在注采井单侧阀上活动空间狭小,而且还得举升安装拆卸几十斤重的井口防喷装置及仪器、配重组合,稍有不慎便有人员高空坠落的危险,存在较大的安全隐患,且工作效率过低,结合文96储气库监测现状,围绕储气库发展需求,研制了适用于文96储气库注采井测试的井口操作平台,应用到现场,取得了显著的效果。%It is very important to carry out the dynamic monitoring of injection-production wells in Wen 96 gas storage reservoir with the operation of gas injection and production wells of Wen 96 gas reservoir,which is of high quality,high efficiency and safety.As the gas storage wells are high-pressure injection wells,gas-harvesting trees use pressure level 35MPa or more wellhead device,from the ground height of 3 meters above the wellhead operator standing on the side of the injection-production wells on the narrow space, but also Lifting installation and disassembly of several tens of pounds of the wellhead blowout prevention equipment and equipment, weight combination,there is a slight risk of accidentally falling height,there is a high security risk,and the work efficiency is too low, combined with text 96 gas A wellhead operation platform suitable for the test of gas injection and production wells in Wen 96 gas storage was developed and applied to the site,and remarkable results were achieved.

  15. Deux restaurants à New York: l'un franco-maghrébin, l'autre africain. Two restaurants in New York : one is Franco-Maghrebian, the other is African -Recent creations of "well-tempered" exoticisms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Pierre Hassoun

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available L’article repose sur une enquête ethnographique conduite en 2008-2009 à Manhattan auprès de huit entrepreneurs devenus Chef et/ou managers de restaurant après avoir immigré à New York. Aucun d’entre eux n’a été formé dans une institution culinaire et tous proposent des cuisines de régions du monde (Afrique, Afrique du Nord encore absentes, ou peu présentes à New York. A partir de deux études de cas plus détaillées, l’auteur s’interroge sur les stratégies marchandes autour de cette altérité et les limites du cosmopolitisme propre au « globalisme ». La trajectoire du restaurateur se transforme en héritage par le biais d’un ego-récit qui s’utilise comme une ressource commerciale. Les restaurateurs intériorisent les désirs des clients. Plus que la recherche de goûts inconnus ou d’une altérité radicale imaginée comme authentique, ceux-ci veulent avant tout identifier les ingrédients ingérés, avoir une idée de leur provenance, et respecter un ensemble (instable de normes nutritionnelles subsumé aujourd’hui à Manhattan par la catégorie indigène healthy. Les restaurateurs anticipent ces désirs en opérant sur les plats un travail de retrait, de séparation et de substitution des ingrédients. L’exotisme s’est mis au régime.This paper is based on ethnographic fieldwork (november 2008-january 2009 in Manhattan with eight entrepreneurs who became Chef and/or restaurant manager after they immigrated in New York. Not any one has an academic culinary background and they all propose food from regions (Africa, and North Africa which are not yet offered (or not much offered in the city. The author stresses on two cases studies to question informal market strategies, cosmopolitanism and globalism limits. Restaurant owner’s trajectory – a narrative which becomes a heritage - is used as a market resource. Restaurants internalize and anticipate customers’ desires; In fact town people doesn

  16. Zoning by Functions of Small-Scale Forest Ecosystems:A Case Study of Hui-Sun Forest Station in Taiwan Province,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chang Hsiaofei; Wang Yanglin; Li Zhengguo; Hsueh Ichen

    2006-01-01

    To optimize the spatial structure of an ecosystem,a forest landscape was selected as a research object.Based on the theory of structure and functions of landscape ecology,combined with the analysis of the characteristics of the inner structure in an ecosystem,this paper proposes to establish certain procedures to regulate the spatial structure of this forest landscape and construct a landscape pattern of forest ecosystem functions.Considering the functions of biologic production,environmental services,and cultural support in forest ecosystems,forest landscape zones should consist of areas of forest production,research,experimentation,recreation,and conservation to add value to the forest ecosystem,enhance its functions,and then identify the relevant environmental factors according to the environment featured in the research area.Based on the methods of landscape ecology and ecological planning,this paper develops a zoning project of ecosystem functions suitable for various environments.For this research,the Hui-Sun forest station in Taiwan Province,China was selected to be the experimental area for studying the feasibility of developing a zoning project of forest ecosystem services and the suitability of optimizing the spatial structures of the services.

  17. 桂林草坪回族乡特色休闲旅游发展%Characteristic Leisure Tourism Development of Caoping Hui Township of Guilin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾丽萍

    2015-01-01

    Some factors such as the backward tourism infrastructure, the serious loss of the culture tourist resources, t he single tourism project and the lack of innovation and tourism talents restrict tourism development of Caoping Hui Township of Guilin. By analyzing the resources superiority and developing status, the study put forward some development countermeasures, such as improving the infrastructure construction and tourism security system, strengthening the construction of cultural connotation and tourism information, and innovating the methods of leisure tourism.%旅游基础设施较为落后, 文化旅游资源流失严重, 旅游项目单一, 缺乏创新以及旅游开发人才匮乏等因素制约着桂林草坪回族乡的旅游发展. 通过探讨草坪回族乡的资源优势和发展现状, 提出完善基础设施建设、 创新休闲旅游方式、 加强文化内涵建设、 健全旅游保障制度、 加强旅游信息化建设等发展对策.

  18. Impact of anthropogenic and natural environmental changes on Echinococcus transmission in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, the People’s Republic of China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yang Yu

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Echinococcus transmission is known to be affected by various environmental factors, which may be modified by human influence or natural events including global warming. Considerable population growth in the last fifty years in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (NHAR, the People’s Republic of China (PRC, has led to dramatic increases in deforestation and modified agricultural practices. In turn, this has resulted in many changes in the habitats for the definitive and intermediate hosts of both Echinococcus granulosus and E. multilocularis, which have increased the risks for transmission of both parasites, affecting echinococcosis prevalence and human disease. Ecological environmental changes due to anthropogenic activities and natural events drive Echinococcus transmission and NHAR provides a notable example illustrating how human activity can impact on a parasitic infection of major public health significance. It is very important to continually monitor these environmental (including climatic factors that drive the distribution of Echinococcus spp. and their impact on transmission to humans because such information is necessary to formulate reliable future public health policy for echinococcosis control programs and to prevent disease spread.

  19. 民国时期回族报刊关于回族婚俗问题的讨论%The Discussion of the HuiM uslims’ Traditions of Marriage on Their Newspapers during the Republic of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘莉

    2013-01-01

    在民国时期新兴的回族报刊中,回族婚姻问题是当时回族知识阶层热烈讨论的焦点问题之一。回族知识分子就回族社会中存在的早婚、奢侈婚姻和不遵从伊斯兰教义的诸多婚姻陋俗展开批判,并有针对性地提出了许多卓有成效的改革措施,即适龄结婚、简朴婚礼和向伊斯兰教义回归。这些讨论和重建措施实质上折射了民国时期回族婚姻中“变”与“不变”的特征:产生一定变化的是婚姻仪式与观念,不变的是共同的伊斯兰宗教信仰以及相关联的民族认同感,以维护族群边界。%Hui Muslims’Marriage, as one of the core problems, was hotly discussed by the intellectuals on Hui Mus-lims’newly edited newspapers during the Republic of China .The Hui Muslim intellectuals criticized the phenomena existed in the Hui Muslim society , such as early marriage , luxurious wedding and traditions of marriage not followed by the Islamic doctrines.Besides, they proposed some effective reformations with regard to the marriage age , simple wedding and retur-ning to the doctrine etc ., which reflected the characteristics of changing and invariability of Hui Muslims ’ marriage during the Republic of China .The changing of it are rituals and perceptions , and the invariabilities are belief and ethnic identities , of which to maintain the boundaries of ethnicity .

  20. Del Parque de la Sabiduría del emperador Wen-Wang a la conservación de la biodiversidad en los jardines zoológicos

    OpenAIRE

    Morrone, Juan José

    1995-01-01

    Mil años antes de nuestra era, el emperador chino Wen-Wang hizo construir un “parque de la sabiduría”, donde en una extensión de 900 acres exhibía rinocerontes, tigres, ciervos, antílopes, aves y serpientes. Dos mil trescientos años más tarde, el emperador mogol Kublai-Khan continuó con la tradición de construir jardines zoológicos. Marco Polo, el viajero veneciano que habría de “descubrir” el Imperio Chino para los occidentales, estudió las especies animales del jardín zoológico que el Khan ...

  1. Professor Liu Shu-hua′s Experience on Clinical Application of WenDanTang%刘树华教授临床运用温胆汤举验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李彦龙

    2012-01-01

    Professor Liu Shu-hua applied modified WenDanTang to insomnia, vertigo, depression, epilepsia and other diseases with the method of different diseases and same therapy under the theory of syndrome differentiation and treatment, which was proved to be effective. Treatment experience of the cases were recorded and tested.%刘树华教授在辨证论治理论的指导下,运用异病同治的方法,采用温胆汤加减治疗不寐、眩晕、郁证、癫痫等疾病,取得了很好的疗效,谨录临床验案以资验证.

  2. 论沈从文乡土小说中的民族国家想象%On the nation-state imagination of Shen Cong-wen's local novels

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘斗凤

    2015-01-01

    Shen Cong-wen's the imagination of the nation-state adopted a more latent imagination and narrative method, that is, through the glorification of the ideal life form of Xiangxi expressed a poetic metaphor for China's image. Shen Cong-wen took on Xiangxi World’s ideal form through his local novels, and publicized a sound and meaningful environment and existence for the nation's future and as a way to treat the ills of modern civilization, renewed enthusiasm for the nation to achieve the purpose of the national re-created, and on this basis, established a modern nation-state.%沈从文对民族国家的想象采取的是比较潜隐的想象和叙事方式,即以诗化之笔通过颂扬具有理想人生形式的湘西世界来隐喻一个诗意的中国形象。沈从文通过乡土小说将故乡——湘西世界的理想形态呈现出来,并在小说中呼唤张扬着一种健全的、于国家民族前途有意义的生存环境与存在方式,以此来救治现代文明的弊端,重新燃起民族的热情,达到民族重造的目的,并在此基础上建立现代民族国家。

  3. 湘西的斑斓印迹--沈从文笔下的苗族服饰民俗%The Gorgeous Imprinting in Western Hunan--- in Shen Ts'ung - wen's Works Describing the Miao Nationality Costume

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    武鹏冲

    2014-01-01

    湘西题材小说作为沈从文创作生涯中的重要组成部分,在20、30年代普遍批判乡土世界的落后与衰败的浪潮中,反其道而行,为大家描述了遥远的湘西世界的自然风土民俗,苗族服饰以其极具自然美和装饰美的特征,为湘西世界披上了斑斓外衣。论文拟对沈从文湘西题材小说中的苗族服饰描写进行探究,分析其背后的民俗文化内涵。%As an important component of Shen Ts'ung -wen's writing career ,novels based on West Xiang's theme do the exact opposite and describe the natural customs of the remote Xiangxi world for us during the tide of criticizing widely the backwardness and feebleness of native countryside in the 1920s and 1930s .With the characteristics of extremely natural beauty and decorative beauty ,the Miao nationality's costume put on the gorgeous cloak for the Xiangxi world .The author of this paper intends to conduct studies on the portrait on the Miao's nationality costume in Shen Ts'ung -wen's works and analyses the cultural connotation of folk customs after these works .

  4. 《文讯》杂志的文学传播实践与学科理论建设%On the Literature Spread Practice of Wen Xun Magazine and the Theoretical Disciplines Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖斌

    2011-01-01

    The spread of literature magazine and the literature production have the same origin and essence. Wen Xun is the one of the most important literature plane media, which has 30 years history of writing Taiwan literature and is an outstanding maga- zine in literary world. Through the process from party management to civilian-run, from providing to completely marketization, Wen Xun accumulates the practical experiences and creates new model. From theory to strategy, it constructs literature spread discipline and adds symbolic capital and good reputation, and build up a good image of Taiwan literature, which is the constructor of the history of Taiwan literature and spread model.%文学杂志的传播与文学生产同源同质。《文讯》是台湾当代最重要的文学平面媒体之一,办刊30年为台湾文学写史.堪称文坛翘楚。《文讯》历经党营到民办、供养到完全市场化的经营过程,在营销策略、传播机制上积累实践经验.创设运动范式;从理论到战略努力建构文学传播学科,增值象征资本和美誉度,型塑了台湾文坛良好形象.是台湾文学传播史的亲历者、传播范式的创建者。

  5. Investigation of sleep patterns and sleep disorders in Uigur and Hui children in XinJiang%新疆维吾尔族和回族儿童睡眠状况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    塔吉古丽·阿不扎热; 徐佩茄; 阿曼古丽·铁木尔; 张季红

    2011-01-01

    Objective To study the sleep quality and quantity and their influencing factors in Uigur and Hui children in Xinjiang Province. Methods From March to December of 2007, 912 Uigur and 1019 Hui school children (6 to 14 years) were randomly sampled from 6 cities of Xinjing Province. The questionnaire on children's sleep states and sleep environments was filled in by children's parents. Results The mean sleep time of Uigur and Hui children was 10. 1 ±1.4 hrs. The sleep time in Uigur children was significantly less than that in Hui children (9.7 ± 1.2 hrs vs 10.4 ±1.5 hfs; P <0.05 ). The mean incidence of sleep disorders was 23.56%. The Uigur children had a lower incidence of sleep disorders compared with the Hui children ( 18.42% vs 28.16%; P <0. 001 ). Ethnic group, sleep latency, use ora swing bed, family history of snore, watching TV before sleeping, hypertrophy of tonsils, eating before sleeping,feeding patterns and recurrent upper respiratory tract infection were the factors associated with the sleep quality and quantity. Conclusions The influencing factors of sleep quality and quantity are multifactorial in Uigur and Hui children in Xinjiang Province. Pediatrician, child health care doctors and parents should pay more attention to children's sleep. The incidence of sleep disorders is different between Uigur and Hui children, suggesting that more research for the prevention and treatment of sleep disorders should be performed in different ethic groups.%目的 了解新疆维吾尔族与回族儿童睡眠状况及其相关影响因素.方法 2007年3-12月采取随机整群抽样的方法,在新疆地区6个县市的小学随机抽取912名维吾尔族学龄儿童和1019名回族学龄儿童,年龄6~14岁,在严格质量控制下由调查者对家长进行儿童睡眠状况的问卷调查.结果 维吾尔族、回族儿童平均睡眠时间为10.1±1.4 h,其中维吾尔族为9.7±1.2 h,回族为10.4±1.5 h,两民族间差异有统计学意义(P<0

  6. Hospital and community surveys reveal the severe public health problem and socio-economic impact of human echinococcosis in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Y R; Williams, G M; Craig, P S; Sun, T; Yang, S K; Cheng, L; Vuitton, D A; Giraudoux, P; Li, X; Hu, S; Liu, X; Pan, X; McManus, D P

    2006-06-01

    A comprehensive study of human echinococcosis (caused by Echinococcus granulosus or E. multilocularis), including assessment of hospital records, community surveys and patient follow-up, was conducted in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (NHAR), China. In contrast to hospital records that showed 96% of echinococcosis cases were caused by cystic echinococcosis (CE), 56% of cases detected in active community surveys were caused by alveolar echinococcosis (AE). The AE and CE cases co-existed frequently in the same village, even occurring in the same patient. A serious public health problem caused by echinococcosis was evident in southern NHAR, typified by: a long diagnostic history for both AE and CE (7.5 years) compared with a shorter treatment history (4.7 years); a significant mortality rate (39%) caused by AE in one surveyed village, where patients had no previous access to treatment; family aggregation of CE and AE cases; a high proportion of both AE (62.5%) and CE (58%) in females; a high rate of recurrent surgery (30%) for CE demonstrated by surgical records; and frequent symptomatic recurrences (51%) because of discontinuous or sporadic access to chemotherapy for AE. The disease burden for both human AE and CE is thus very severe among these rural communities in NHAR, and this study provides the first attempt to determine the costs of morbidity and surgical intervention of human CE and AE cases both at the hospital and community level in this setting. This information may be useful for assessing the cost effectiveness of designing effective public health programs to control echinococcosis in this and other endemic areas in China and elsewhere.

  7. A Research of the Ethnic Intermarriage of Muslim (Hui) Tibetans in Shigatse%日喀则“藏回”族际通婚调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗布; 孙海芳

    2016-01-01

    with the deepening of inter-ethnic communication, the Muslim(Hui) Tibetans in Shigatse as a typical ex⁃ample of acculturation, is a group of people have been gradually“Tibetanized”in the process of inter-ethnic communication, but they consciously preserve and inherit their national identity at the aspect of religious belief and ethnic intermarriage. Compared with the strict marriage discipline of the Muslim people in inland prohibit⁃ing ethnic intermarriage, the Muslim Tibetans in Shigatse allow ethnic intermarriage, but the Tibetans or any oth⁃er ethnic people, who marry with the Muslim Tibetans, have to convert their religious beliefs to Islam first.%伴随着族际交流的日益深入,日喀则“藏回”作为文化涵化的典型例证,是族际深度交往过程中,逐步“藏化”的群体,但是在宗教信仰与族际通婚方面,刻意保留并维持着原有的民族特征。较之内地回族严格族内婚姻的戒律,日喀则“藏回”可以接受“藏入回”或者其他民族“入回”,可以婚娶他族的配偶,但是前提条件是对方必须信仰伊斯兰教,即改变原有宗教信仰。除却极端个例外,不存在“回入藏”的现象。

  8. Nature and Flavor and Channel Tropism Study of Common Used Herbs for Related Disease and Syndrome about IBS in Shanghan Zabing Lun%《伤寒杂病论》辨治肠易激综合征相关病证常用中药性味归经研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫川慧; 张俊龙; 郭蕾; 李东明

    2013-01-01

    Objective:To study nature and flavor and channel tropism of common used herbs for related disease and syndrome about irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in Shanghan Zabing Lun.Methods:By searching in syndrome differentiation and treatment of abdominal distension,abdominal pain,diarrhea,constipation in Shanghan Zabing Lun,we chose the relevant provision of prescriptions and herbs,then we collected the related data and did data manipulation,and then did further data manipulation for nature and flavor and channel tropism of 16 kinds of herbs in frequency greater than 10%.Results:The herbs mainly were nourishing qi and blood,secondly had the functions of warming middle-Jiao and relieving pain,promoting qi movement and purgation.As for four natures,most herbs were warm.As for five flavors,most herbs were pungent flavor and/or bitterness.As for channel tropism most herbs act on spleen (87.50%) and stomach (68.75%).Conclusion:Most herbs are warm for treating IBS related diseases in Shanghan Zabing Lun.Bitterness,sweet and pungent flavor herbs are commonly used,and the main is the bitter.Comprehensive considering nature and flavor are pungent warm and bitter warm herbs,mainly involving spleen,stomach,lung and large intestine.%目的:研究《伤寒杂病论》辨治肠易激综合征(IBS)相关病证常用药物性味与归经.方法:选择《伤寒杂病论》中的“腹胀”“腹痛”“下利”“便秘”等病证的辨治为研究对象,以相关条文的方证、药物为数据资料来源,录入相关数据,进行统计学处理.对其中出现频率>10%的16味中药的性味归经再次进行统计处理.结果:16味常用中药以补益气血之功为主,温中止痛、行气泻下之品为多;以温性药物为多,五味以辛味和苦味药为主,归经以入脾经(87.50%)和胃经(68.75%)的药物为多.结论:《伤寒杂病论》治疗IBS相关病证所用药物以温热之性居多;苦、辛、甘味药物常用,而以苦味药物为主

  9. The effects of cutbacks on motivation and knowledge sharing among nurses in primary care Áhrif niðurskurðar á starfshvata og innbyrðis þekkingarmiðlun heilsugæsluhjúkrunarfræðinga

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emelía Jarþrúður Einarsdóttir

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the paper is twofold: Firstly, to examine the effects of cutbacks related to the the economic collapse on the motivating factors among nurses in primary health care and, secondly, to examine the effects of the cutbacks on the knowledge sharing within the same group. A qualitative method, the Vancouver-school of doing phenomenology, was used, involving a purposeful sample of ten nurses in primary health care. The results indicate that the cutbacks increased pressure, fatigue, lack of time and employment insecurity among the participants. Continuing education and professional development was negatively affected and job security and salaries became stronger motivating factors than before. Lack of time and a heavy workload hindered spontaneous knowledge sharing while organized knowledge sharing was less affected. From thisit can be learned that cutbacks can have serious effects on motivationalfactors among health care professionals.Tilgangur greinarinnar er tvíþættur: Í fyrsta lagi að greina áhrif niðurskurðar í kjölfar efnahagshrunsins á helstu starfshvata hjúkrunarfræðinga í heilsugæslu og í öðru lagi að greina áhrif niðurskurðarins á þekkingarmiðlun innan sama hóps. Rannsóknaraðferðin var eigindleg, byggð á Vancouver-skólanum í fyrirbærafræði. Tekin voru hálfstöðluð viðtöl við tíu hjúkrunarfræðinga sem allir starfa í heilsugæslu og voru þeir valdir með tilgangsúrtaki. Niðurstöður eru þær helstar að í kjölfar niðurskurðarins upplifðu þátttakendur aukið álag, þreytu, tímaskort og óvissu. Laun og starfsöryggi reyndust sterkari starfshvatar en áður og neikvæð áhrif komu fram á endurmenntun og starfsþróun. Tímaskortur og verkefnaálag hamlaði þekkingarmiðlun sem átti sér stað fyrir tilviljun en tekist hefur að standa vörð um þekkingarmiðlun sem var í skipulegu ferli. Vel þarf að huga að niðurskurðaraðgerðum og áhrifum þeirra

  10. The Hui Architectural Phenomenon Analysis based on the Traditional Wooden Space: A Case Study of Traditional Wooden Mosque of Ningxia Hui Nationality%基于传统木构空间的回族建筑现象解析——以宁夏回族传统木构清真寺为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    燕宁娜

    2013-01-01

    In China,the mosque as a typical representative of the Islamic Architecture,along with the process of the introduction and spread of Islam,experienced four periods of transplant,formed,high tide,stagnation and recession.Mosque in China has designed withthe basic rules of the World Islamic Architecture,at the same time,the formation of a unique shape and style are different from those of other religious buildings.Ningxia as the only largest Muslim population settlements,due to its unique geographical environment,sociocultural and religious history,traditional building skills and other reasons,makes the region Hui mosque have showed the significant differences with other regions.The paper selects Ningxia traditional wooden mosque building as an object of study,analyzes the monomer building space from the overall layout,timber frame and technology.It reveals a tradifional wooden frame of the Ningxia Hui mosques architectural features,provides evidence for protection and inheritance Hui wooden architecture,space design practices and reference in the Ningxia region.%在中国,伊斯兰教建筑的典型代表——清真寺,随着伊斯兰教的传入,在传播的过程中,经历了移植、形成、高潮、停滞衰退等四个时期.中国清真寺建筑在遵循了世界伊斯兰教建筑的基本规则的同时,形成了有别于其他宗教建筑的独有形制和风格.宁夏作为全国唯一的、最大的回族人口聚居地,由于其独特的地理环境、社会文化、宗教历史、传统建筑技艺等原因,使得该地区的回族清真寺表现出与其他地区显著的差异.该文选取宁夏境内传统木构清真寺建筑作为研究对象,从总体布局、单体建筑空间、木构架技术等方面对其进行深入解析,揭示了宁夏回族传统木构架清真寺建筑特征,为宁夏地区保护与传承回族木构建筑技术、空间设计手法等提供实证与参考.

  11. Study on the Digital Preservation and Application of Teaching Recording Materials of Professor Liu Bingfan aboutShang Han Lun (Treatise on Febrile Diseases)%刘炳凡《伤寒论》教学录音资料数字化保存及应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龙奕文; 邓宇; 刘东亮; 宁泽璞

    2015-01-01

    目的:运用现代信息技术,对刘炳凡《伤寒论》教学录音资料进行数字化保存、整理并推广运用。方法根据内容对磁带资料进行编号排序,利用数字化转录采集声音信息,通过Cool edit pro软件进行声音优化编辑,用会声会影6x 软件进行音影图文合成,编辑为视频文件。并以 DVD 光盘、移动硬盘、电脑硬盘等为载体数字化保存,通过现代科学方法保存原始磁带资料。结果以现代科学方法保存了刘炳凡《伤寒论》教学的原始录音材料,并开发成音影图文四位一体的多媒体教学光盘和网络教学课件。结论教学录音资料数字化对名老中医经验传承及中医药学术推广有重要意义。%ObjectiveTo save, organize and promote the precious teaching recording materials of professor Liu Bingfan aboutShang Han Lun (Treatise on Febrile Diseases) by using modern information technology.Methods After sorting out the tapes according to the content, sound information was collected through digital transcription and Cool Edit Pro was used for voice refresh editing. Finally, Video Studio 6x software was used to design the video files with composed music, movies, pictures and text, which were preserved in DVD/mobile hard disk/computer's shared disk. The original cassettes were also preserved well through modern technology.Results The original teaching recording materials of professor Liu Bingfan about Shang Han Lun (Treatise on Febrile Diseases) were preserved by modern scientific methods, and developed into “four-in-one” multimedia teaching disk and network courseware formed with music, movies, pictures and text information.Conclusion Digitization of teaching recording materials is of great value for experience inheritance of TCM masters, and is of great significance for the promotion of TCM academy.

  12. 吳汝綸日本教育考察與對晚清學制建立影響程度的再探討 Master Ju-Lun Wu’s Inspection of Japanese Education and Reevaluation of Its Influence on the Drafting of School Systems in the Late Ch’ing Period

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    周愚文 Yu-Wen Chou

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available 中國教育西化始於晚清,而壬寅及癸卯學制則是創始,主要仿日。制定過程中,過去許多研究認為吳汝綸是主要影響人物之一,他在就任京師大學堂總教習前獲派赴日考察教育4個月,透過參觀、訪談、聽講及資料蒐集,希望全面深入瞭解日本教育的發展與問題。訪問結果除即時陳報管學大臣張百熙及相關人員外,另出版《東遊叢錄》供修訂癸卯學制參考。但經本研究再考察發現,因人在日本考察、返國後朝局不利及病逝等因素,故他未能直接參與規劃、引導方向,以致主政人員在設計學制時,仍只是複製日本制度而已。 The modernization of Chinese education began from the late Ch’ing period, and the 1902 Ren-yin and 1904 Kuei-mao school systems marked the beginning of the modernization of Chinese education, which borrowed from Japanese education. Numerous studies have claimed that master Ju-Lun Wu was one of the key figures, before he inaugurated the vice-chancellor of Imperial Capital University, who inspected Japanese education over 4 months. He inquired into the development and problems of Japanese education by inspecting schools and universities; discussing with scholars, educators, and officials; listening to lectures; and collecting materials. His findings were reported to Minister Pai-Shi Chang and related staff and his Collected Records of Visiting Japan was published. Although his book became a reference book, this study found that Ju-Lun Wu was not directly involved in drafting school systems for several reasons. Therefore, the 1904 Kuei-mao system remains an uncritical, imitated Japanese school system.

  13. 自我叙事式解读回族宗教活动空间的意义%The Self-narrative Style Interpretation of Hui's Religious Activity Space

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白凯

    2012-01-01

    Based on emic perspective, this paper makes a subjective intentionality interpretation of the existential meaning of Hui's religious activity space by the self-narrative style method. After a complete autobiography and immersed thinking, the author holds the idea that there are some characteristics existing in Hui's religious activity space shown as follows: Firstly, homes, mosques and graveyards constitute the core of Hui's religious activity space. Secondly, for Muslim believers, homes, mosques and graveyards are not single physical space, but religious "places" which have unique significances. Thirdly, the author's memories and summaries of the religious functions and meanings of homes, mosques and graveyards illustrate that Hui's religious activity space are characterized by transformation from place to placelessness. The non-place conversion's place point is the mosque. Fourthly, "jie du wa"~a religious ceremony and religious behavior-builds bridges from space to place, from place to placelessness for Hui religious activity space. The analysis and conclusions explicate that Hui's religious activity space has the trait of transition from material religion spatial structure of place to spirit religious space structure of placelessness.%基于主位研究视角,以作者自我叙事的方式,对回族宗教活动空间的存在主义意涵进行了主体意向性解读,完整自叙和沉浸思考后作者认为,回族宗教活动空间存在以下特征:①回族宗教活动空间的核心构成为家、清真寺和坟园;②家、清真寺和坟园对回族宗教信仰者而言,不是单一的物理空间,而是具有特殊意义的宗教“地方”;③说明了回族宗教活动空间具有地方到无地方的转化特征,无地方转换的地方指向是清真寺;④“接都哇”这一宗教仪式和宗教行为构建了回族宗教活动空间从空间到地方,从地方到无地方转换的桥梁.该分析过程与结论说明了

  14. La mirada sartriana: poder y otredad en L’Être et le Néant, La Nausée y Huis clos (The Sartrean View: Power and Otherness in L’Être et le Néant, La Nausée and Huis clos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew Lloyd Smith

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available En L’Être et le Néant y La Nausée, Jean-Paul Sartre le otorga importancia a la mirada: aspecto esencial para explorar el tema existencial. Así, se analizan interrogantes y reflexiones como las siguientes: sin la mirada del otro, ¿cómo puedo saber verdaderamente que existo? Al verme y confirmar mi existencia, en ese mismo instante, la otra persona me convierte en un objeto, pues el observador es el sujeto de su mirada. Al mirar a los demás, soy también sujeto de mi mirada y convierto a los otros en objeto. El juego de la mirada es un juego de poder. La obra de teatro Huis clos también presenta el juego sartriano de poder y mirada, que será analizado en esta ponencia. Dans ses libres L’Être et le Néant et La Nausée Jean-Paul Sartre donne beaucoup d’importance au « regard ». Sartre nous dit que le regard est un aspect essentiel pour explorer le thème existentiel. Des questions et des réflexions comme les suivantes seront étudiées : sans le regard d’une autre personne, comment puis-je savoir si j’existe vraiment ? Quand une personne me regarde, elle confirme mon existence, mais en même temps elle me convertit en un objet puisque la personne qui me regarde est le sujet de son regard. Moi, quand je regarde l’autre personne je suis aussi le sujet de mon regard et je convertis l’autre personne en un objet. Ce jeu du regard est un jeu du pouvoir. La pièce de théâtre de Sartre Huis clos aussi présente ce jeu sartrien du pouvoir et du regard et sera analysée dans cette communication.

  15. Symbols of Maturity and the Leaving of a Legacy: A Preliminary Study of the Formation of Genealogies and Families among the Hui Muslim Minority People%成熟的象征与存在的延续——回族家谱与回族家族形成初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张訸

    2011-01-01

    本文就目前所发现的回族家谱进行研究,重点考察回族家谱的特点及回族家谱的修撰与回族家族组织的建立之间的关系;分析回族家谱与其他少数民族家谱的异同之处;阐释回族家谱的文化意义与社会价值。%This paper is devoted to the research of what is currently known regarding the genealogy of the Hui . Its focus is upon the study of distinctive characteristics of the Hui genealogy along with the relationship between genealogy composition and the establishment of Hui family clans. Also, it considers the similarities and differences between Hui genealogies and those of other ethnic minorities. Lastly, the paper expounds on the cultural significance and societal value of Hui genealogies.

  16. Hui Muslims Overseas Literature in Southeast Asia: A New Branch of Chinese Overseas Literature%海外华人文学的新支:东南亚回族华人文学

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨建军

    2016-01-01

    Hui Muslims Overseas Literature in Southeast Asia is literature branch active in Singapore and Malaysia , which has not yet attracted researchers attention .From 1950s to date, it could be divided into three stages .The formation of the Hui Muslims Overseas Literature in Southeast Asia is related to the Chinese Hui Muslims ' migration and the develop-ment of the Chinese literature .Studying on it will be helpful for comprehending the relations between Chinese Overseas lit -erature and Islamic culture , which mainly covered the themes crossing with Zhenghe , female and authors ' creativeness .%东南亚回族华人文学是海外华人文学中尚未引起研究者重视的一支. 东南亚回族华人文学活跃于新加坡和马来西亚,从20世纪50年代至今,大致可分为三个发展阶段,出现了戴小华等一批作家. 东南亚回族华人文学的形成与回族华人的移民活动和东南亚华人文学的发展有关,对其进行研究,有助于学界思考东南亚华人文学与伊斯兰文化的关系. 东南亚回族华人文学的特色在于郑和题材创作、女性题材创作,以及作家创作的跨越性.

  17. Professor OUYANG Hui-qing's explorations and practice on teaching of traditional Chinese medicine%欧阳惠卿中医教学观念的探索与实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖雅琪; 罗颂平; 黄洁明; 许丽绵; 赵颖

    2013-01-01

    欧阳惠卿通过长期的教学实践,逐步形成自己的中医教学观:教育培养中医人才是教研室第一要务,课堂教学与临床带教相结合以促进医学生成长,中医临床教学不可或缺,教学中应贯穿中医文化与学术传承.她的人才观为:教师人才是团队发展的关键,是教研室建设的核心内容,是学科人才建设的基础.她的教学管理观为:教研室主任是教育培养人才的实践者,教学团队发展的担当者.%Professor OUYANG Hui-qing's gradually formed her own teaching concept of traditional Chinese medicine through long-term teaching practice:the most important teaching aim is to cultivate talents of traditional Chinese medicine.Clinical practice together with classroom teaching can promote the growing knowledge of medical students.Clinical practices are necessary and should penetrate culture and academic tradition of traditional Chinese medicine.OUYANG Hui-qing's concepts on talents are:cultivating teaching faculties is the key to the development of the teaching team,the core of construction of the teaching and research section,and the basis of construction of the discipline.OUYANG Hui-qing's management concepts are:the dean of the teaching and research section is the practitioner of personnel training practice and the undertaker of teaching team development.

  18. 试论满族和回族饮食文化对近代成都的影响%Discussion on the Effect of Manchu and Hui Nationality Diet Culture on Modern Chengdu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁刚

    2012-01-01

    晚清民国的成都是现代川菜菜系的发源地与演变中心。成都的满族和回族人口也影响到了现代川菜菜系在成都的定型、发展和走向成熟的历史进程。满族、回族等少民族饮食文化推动了近代成都饮食业的发展,从原料选取、烹饪技法、菜品制作、筵席内容等方面给现代川菜菜系以影响。生活在成都的满族、回族等少数民族的饮食习俗为成都市民的饮食生活增添了新的内容,带来了新的饮食品种,大大丰富了成都川菜中的面食、糕点、小吃的内容。%late Qing Dynasty is the origin and evolution Center of modern Sichuan cuisine in Chengdu.Manchu and the Hui nationality population in Chengdu have also affected the historical process of the shaping,development and maturity of modern Sichuan cuisine in Chengdu.Manchu,Hui national minority diet culture has promoted the development of the catering industry in Chengdu,influenced the raw materials selection,cooking techniques,food production,content and other aspects of modern Sichuan cuisine.The diet custom of Manchu,Hui minority Living in Chengdu has added new content to Chengdu people 's diet,brought new dietary variety,greatly enriched the content of the pasta,cakes,snack of Sichuan cuisine in Chengdu.

  19. 设计美学语境下徽派建筑设计的传承与创新研究%Research on Inheritance and Innovation of Hui-style Architecture in the Content of Design Aesthetics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    左铁峰; 高巍

    2016-01-01

    基于设计美学的徽派建筑设计传承与创新研究,是将徽派建筑设计作为设计美学的一个对象予以面向,探讨与解决的是设计美学语境下徽派建筑如何传承与怎样创新的问题,需求的契合与提升、基因的提炼与重构和语境的拓展与延伸等是其工作应遵循的基本原则与实施策略。如同基于其他学科与视角的探究与论证一样,这样的“解决方案”必须要与其他的“措施办法”形成有机的“合力”,方能奏效。%The design aesthetics-based inheritance and innovation research of Hui-style architecture design , regarding Hui-style archi-tecture design as an object , discusses the problems of ways of inheritance and innovation of Hui -style architecture design , considering that the fit and promotion of needs , the refinement and reconstruction of gene and the development and extension of context are the bas -ic principles and implementing strategies .The same as exploration and demonstration based on other subjects and perspectives , this“solution” must combine a “resultant force” with other “measures”.

  20. 杨惠民教授治疗老年类风湿关节炎经验%Experience of Therapy Elderly Rheumatoid Arthritis by Professor YANG Hui-min

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜洋

    2012-01-01

    Introducing the therapy experience of elderly rheumatoid arthritis hy Professor YANG Hui-min, summarizing the pathogenic factors and pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis, dividing elderly rheumatoid into activity and stability of treatment.%介绍杨惠民教授治疗老年类风湿关节炎经验,总结老年类风湿关节炎的病因病机,将老年类风湿关节炎分活动期与稳定期进行治疗.

  1. [Comparative study of theoretical literature on cold pathogenic disease in Wai tai mi yao fang (Arcane Essentials from the Imperial Library) and Tai ping sheng hui fang (Taiping Holy Prescriptions for Universal Relief)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Huirui; Liang, Yongxuan

    2014-09-01

    In the Wai tai mi yao fang (Arcane Essentials from the Imperial Library) compiled in 752, its portion on cold pathogenic disorders embodies the achievements before the mid Tang Dynasty, whereas that in the Tai ping sheng hui fang (Taiping Holy Prescriptions for Universal Relief), compiled in 992 embodies those before the early Song Dynasty. Comparison on the theory of cold disorders in both books reveal that, during the 2 centuries period from mid Tang to early Song Dynasties, the texts as a carrier for the transmission of such theory in both show no distinct changes, but only with minor revisions and improvements.

  2. 论近代宁夏回族经堂教育的演变及特点%On Evolution and Characteristics of Ningxia Hui Mosque Education in Modern Times

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    文斐; 高石钢

    2014-01-01

    经堂教育产生于明清时期,是我国回族穆斯林接受教育的基本形式。近代以来,宁夏回族经堂教育由以往单一的宗教教育形式逐渐演变为回民小学、中阿学校、阿訇教义国文讲习所、伊斯兰教讲习所等多种形式,呈现出了种类繁多、办学方式多元,课程内容丰富、全面并与伊斯兰教积极互动的特点。近代社会思潮广泛传播的影响、回族的民族觉醒、崇尚求知的民族文化传统、上层人士的努力以及宁夏地方政府的推动作用等是造成近代宁夏回族经堂教育演变的社会、历史性原因。%The Muslim mosque education originated in the Ming and Qing Dynasties is a basic form of Hui Muslim education. In modern times,single traditional form of Ningxia Hui mosque religious education had changed into various forms,included Hui nationality elementary school,China-Arab school,imam doctrineˊs Chinese lecture assembly and Islam assembly,etc. Presented the characteristics of variety differently,running school forms multiply,course content rich and comprehensive and had a positive interaction with Islam. Modern social thoughts spread,national awakening of the ethnic Hui,national cultural traditionˊs advocating for knowledge,elite efforts and also Ningxia local governmentˊs pro-mote role was the social and history reasons.

  3. 宁夏农村回族妇女婚姻暴力处理方式探究%A Tentative Study on Hui Women’ s Ways to Deal with Marital Violence in Ningxia Rural Areas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王雪梅; 章志敏

    2016-01-01

    In recent years, marital violence has become a focus in academic field.However, researches on marital violence upon Hui women are not sufficient.Therefore, the paper is to make a tentative study on the ways that Hui women often take to deal with marital violence after they have suffered from it and some relative affecting factors based on a questionnaire survey, holding that Hui women in the rural areas of Ningxia are more inclined to tolerate marital violence and seek informal social support when seeking help, and the ways they take to deal with marital violence are influenced by their cognition of marital violence, their willingness to seek help and the factor whether mosques in their villages would take measures to solve the problem or not, etc.With these findings, the thesis is to provide some reference for preventing marital violence upon Hui women in the future.%近年来婚姻暴力问题一直被学界热议,但是关于农村回族妇女婚姻暴力问题的研究是比较缺乏的,通过对宁夏农村回族妇女的婚姻家庭进行问卷调查,对她们的婚姻暴力处理方式以及相关因素进行分析发现,宁夏农村回族妇女在遭受家庭暴力后较为倾向于去忍受婚姻暴力,在寻求帮助的过程中则较为倾向于去寻求非正式社会支持,而这种行为受到她们对婚姻暴力的认知、寻求帮助的意愿以及所在村里的清真寺是否会过问婚姻暴力问题等因素的影响。同时,这些发现能够为今后农村回族妇女婚姻暴力问题的防治提供一些参考。

  4. Clinical Observation on Treatment of 80 Cases with Rapid Arrhythmia by JiLian WenXin Tang%己连稳心汤治疗快速心律失常80例疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段乃荣; 刘召

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To observe the clinical efficacy and functional mechanism of JiLian WenXin Tang in treating rapid arrhythmia. Methods:All 150 cases were randomly assigned into 80 cases of treatment group and 70 cases of control group. The treatment group was given JiLian WenXin Tang, one dose a day, the control group was administered Betaloc, 25mg for twice a day. The clinical effects, the changes of subjective symptoms, heart rates and rhythms in patients of the two groups were observed and compared after continual four-week treatment. Results:The total efficiency rate of the treatment group was 96.25%, while that of the control group was 82.86%, the difference between the two groups had statistical meaning (P<0.05). The subjective symptoms of two groups after treatment improved significantly in the comparison of those symptoms before treatment and the improvement of treatment group was better than that of control group (P<0.05);The heart rates and rhythms of two groups had significant im-provement after treatment and the differences between them had marked significance (P<0.05). Results: JiLian WenXin Tang can raise the supply of myocardial oxygen, improve the conducting function and removing blood sta-sis, make the membrane voltage of myocardial cells stable, reduce the self-discipline of myocardial cells, extend the action potential duration and effective refractory period, eliminate the turn-back impulse, reduce the parallel shrink-age, inhibit the secondary touches as well as effectively treat the rapid arrhythmia.%目的:探讨己连稳心汤治疗快速心律失常的临床疗效及作用机制。方法:将快速心律失常患者150例随机分为治疗组80例和对照组70例,治疗组患者予己连稳心汤,1剂/d,对照组予倍他乐克,25 mg/d,分2次服。两组均连续治疗4周后观察患者临床效果及主观症状、心率、心律的变化情况。结果:治疗组总有效率为96.25%,对照组为82.86%,2组比

  5. On the Jing Lun Palace Centering on the Annual of Buddhism & Taoism History Book of Wei Dynasty%北魏静轮天宫研究——以《魏书·释老志》为中心

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    明建

    2012-01-01

    北魏静轮天宫为寇谦之改革北天师道的标志性建筑,是寇谦之新的成仙理论的具体实施。它是在继承和发展先秦以来神仙观念的基础上,结合汉武帝柏粱之流的建筑粤念加以创制而成的。而太武帝灭佛,则与魏太子拓跋晃奏停建造静轮宫有最直接的联系。%The Jing Lun Palace of Northern Wei Dynasty was a landmark for the Northern Celestial-Master which inherited and vet, the destruction building the Palace. developed pre-Q -Buddhism by th deity idea, combined with Han Wudi's Bai Liang construction idea. e emperor Tai Wu was related to the prince Tuo Ba hui's suggestion of Taoism, Moreo- stopping

  6. Le travail aujourd’hui. L’hypothèse de la reconnaissance Work today. The hypothesis of recognition El trabajo hoy: hipótesis del reconocimiento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michel Wieviorka

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Jusque dans les années 1970, le travail était au cœur de la réflexion sociologique, et du débat public. Aujourd’hui, après les espoirs et les déconvenues des années 1980 et 1990, après la « révolution managériale », et ses dégâts, et qu’il s’agisse du sens qu’il revêt pour l’individu, pour l’entreprise ou pour la société toute entière, il implique d’être repensé à nouveaux frais. Ne sommes-nous pas entrés dans l’ère de la reconnaissance – un concept qui peut nous aider à redonner sens au travail ?Until the mid seventies, work was a key issue in sociological research, as well as in the public debate. During the eighties and the nineties, things changed, and it became difficult to define the meaning of work for individuals, for companies or for the whole society. Today, new approaches are possible, including those that are based on the concept of recognition.Hasta los años 1970, el trabajo estaba en el centro de la reflexión sociológica y del debate público. Hoy, después de las esperanzas y los desengaños de los años 1980 y 1990, tras la “revolución gerencial” y sus estragos, tratándose ya sea del sentido que tiene para el individuo, para la empresa o para la sociedad entera, habrá que volver a pensar el trabajo desde cero. ¿No hemos entrado acaso a la era del reconocimiento, concepto que puede ayudarnos a devolverle un sentido al trabajo?

  7. Energy efficiency of rural dwellings in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region%宁夏地区乡村民居节能设计研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张群; 梁锐; 刘加平

    2011-01-01

    为改善宁夏乡村地区居住建筑室内冬季热环境,达到建筑节能65%的目标,对典型传统民居进行了调研和围护结构能耗分析,发现了民居建筑耗能的主要薄弱部位.结合当地自然气候与经济条件,从建筑功能布置与空间组合、太阳能资源利用和围护结构构造等方面出发,提出整体式的建筑设计改进方案,并通过能耗分析计算新方案的热工性能与室内热环境质量,证明了在宁夏地区通过合理的设计农村住宅也可以达到提高室内热舒适和节能的目标.%In order to improve the thermal environment and reach the energy efficiency goal of rural house in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, the paper investigates a typical traditional vernacular, analyzes the index of heat loss of building envelop and discovers the main weak part in the building affecting on the energy consumption. Combining with the local conditions of climate and economy, this paper put forward the integrating designing project, including the function layout, room combination, solar energy utilization and construction of building envelop. A new project for improving the indoor thermal comfort and saving energy was given in this paper. The index of heating loss of two rural buildings are calculated in order to verify the effectiveness of the new project. At the same time, it is bproved that the improvement of the thermal environment and 65% energy efficiency goal can meet with by appropriate architectural designs.

  8. Research on the evaluation method of rural hollowing based on RS and GIS technology: a case study of the Ningxia Hui autonomous region in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, Kai; Wen, MeiPing; Zhang, FeiFei; Yuan, Chao; Chen, Qiang; Zhang, Xiupeng

    2016-10-01

    With the acceleration of urbanization in China, most rural areas formed a widespread phenomenon, i.e., destitute village, labor population loss, land abandonment and rural hollowing. And it formed a unique hollow village problem in China finally. The governance of hollow village was the objective need of the development of economic and social development in rural area for Chinese government, and the research on the evaluation method of rural hollowing was the premise and basis of the hollow village governance. In this paper, several evaluation methods were used to evaluate the rural hollowing based on the survey data, land use data, social and economic development data. And these evaluation indexes were the transition of homesteads, the development intensity of rural residential areas, the per capita housing construction area, the residential population proportion in rural area, and the average annual electricity consumption, which can reflect the rural hollowing degree from the land, population, and economy point of view, respectively. After that, spatial analysis method of GIS was used to analyze the evaluation result for each index. Based on spatial raster data generated by Kriging interpolation, we carried out re-classification of all the results. Using the fuzzy clustering method, the rural hollowing degree in Ningxia area was reclassified based on the two spatial scales of county and village. The results showed that the rural hollowing pattern in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region had a spatial distribution characteristics that the rural hollowing degree was obvious high in the middle of the study area but was low around the study area. On a county scale, the specific performances of the serious rural hollowing were the higher degree of extensive land use, and the lower level of rural economic development and population transfer concentration. On a village scale, the main performances of the rural hollowing were the rural population loss and idle land. The

  9. Samen kom je er wel. Een afstudeerartikel over het Skejby halfway house: een huis waar delinquenten en studenten onder één dak wonen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eline Broker

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Together you will get there. A graduation article on the Skejby halfway house: a house where delinquents and students live togetherThe Skejby house is unique and produces remarkable results. The recidivism percentage among its’ delinquent inhabitants is over 20% lower than in the halfway houses where only prisoners reside. The aim of Skejby is to ease the transition between imprisonment and reentry in society. The experiment, in which students and prisoners live together, originates from the idea that behavioral transformation is realized most effectively within a socially engaged group. The principal of collective responsibility is dominant in Skejby, resulting in a feeling of belonging to a group among the delinquents. In this group, the students serve as prosocial role models. Consequently, the standards and values that are picked up in prison are reshaped into much needed skills that are required for living a “regular” life in society. In contrast to the reintegration program in Skejby, the Dutch reintegration program mainly consists of one-to-one consultations between the delinquent and the probation officer. The reintegration thus does not take place in a group to which the delinquent can relate, while it is precisely this unique communal feeling of belonging that induces behavioral change in the prisoners. SAMENVATTING Samen kom je er wel. Een afstudeerartikel over het Skejby halfway house: een huis waar delinquenten en studenten onder één dak wonenHet Skejby house is uniek in zijn soort en boekt opmerkelijke resultaten: het recidivepercentage ligt ruim 20% lager dan bij halfway huizen waar alleen delinquenten wonen. Skejby heeft als doel om de overgang tussen gevangenis en samenleving zo klein mogelijk te maken. Het experiment, waarbij studenten en delinquenten samen wonen, komt voort uit het idee dat gedragsverandering het best bewerkstelligt wordt binnen een sociaal verbonden groep. In Skejby heerst het principe van

  10. 闻一多对唐诗的民族文化特色的认识%Wen Yiduo’s Perception of the National Cultural Features of Tang Poetry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段战戈

    2015-01-01

    Among all the researchers of Tang poetry ,Wen Yiduo is the one who not only utilized western academic methods and cultural ideas ,but also laid great emphasis on exploring the national cultural features of Tang poetry . Based on his studies ,Wen concluded the national cultural features as :“the poetic Tang” ,the consistency of the poetic style and the poet’s personality ,poetry’s contribution to readers’ temperament ,regulated verses being the best style that embodies the features of Chinese poetry .There’s a cause and effect link between his perception of the national cultural features of Tang poetry and his nationalistic standpoint .His studies on Tang poetry also shed great light on our present-day Tang poetry studies :We should ,on the one hand ,actively accept and absorb the outstanding research product of other nations ,and ,on the other hand ,establish an academic research system of national characters based on our national culture .%在现代唐诗研究大家中,闻一多是一位既注重借鉴西方的学术方法和文化观念,又注重挖掘唐诗的民族文化特征的学者。通过研究,闻一多提出“诗唐”、诗人人格与诗的风格统一、诗具有怡情养性功能、律诗是最能体现中国诗歌特点的诗歌体裁等唐诗的民族文化特征。闻一多对唐诗民族文化特征的认识与其思想上的民族主义文化立场有因果关系。他的唐诗研究也给予我们当代的唐诗研究以深刻的启示:我们既要勇于接受和积极吸收其他民族优秀的研究成果和方法,又要立足于本民族文化的根基,建立具有民族特色的学术研究体系。

  11. 不同类型斑竹林结构特征的研究%Studies on Structure Characteristics of Different Types of Ph.reticulata CV.Lacrima-deae Keng et Wen

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐振国; 郭起荣; 冯云; 黄大勇; 李立杰; 孙立方; 王青

    2012-01-01

    The investigation results of Ph. reticulata CV. Lacrima - deae Keng et Wen show that: there are significant differences in six structure factors such as diameter at breast height,plant height, under branch height, culm weight, uniformity and evenness in different types of Phyllostachys bambasaides f. lacrinla-deae Keng f. et Wen. Whereas the differences in Stand density and bamboo wall thickness factor are not significant. Therefore, the excellent stand structure standard is " density 11 000 plants/hm2, diameter at breast height 5 cm, plant height llm, under branch height 4 m, and culm weight 8 kg, and uniform forest appearance". The correlations among the factors of diameter at breast height, ground diameter, plant height, under branch height,leaf weight and full weight are remarkable. The principal components of stand structure include plant height,under branch height,full weight, culm weight and evenness, the contribution rate is 69.6%.%对斑竹林的调查结果表明:不同林分类型斑竹林的胸径、株高、枝下高、秆重、整齐度、均匀度6个结构因子差异显著,立竹密度、壁厚因子差异不显著;提出优良林分“密度11000株/hm2、胸径5 cm、株高11m、枝下高4 m、秆重8 kg,林相整齐、均匀”的结构标准;立竹胸径、地径、株高、枝下高、秆重因子间相关显著;株高、枝下高、胸径、全重、秆重和均匀度是林分结构的主成分,贡献率69.6%.

  12. A cross-sectional survey on behavior problems among eco-migrant children of Hui and Han in Ningxia, China%宁夏生态移民地区儿童行为问题现况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    颜国利; 方建群; 张朝霞; 冯丽平; 吴锦荣; 马馥荔; 陈诗祺; 赵冉然; 王颖丽

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the detection rate and correlates of behavioral problems among eco-migrant children in Hui and Han ethnicities.Methods Using multistage randomized sampling method,2 653 eco-migrant teenagers,3 174 indigenous and 2 334 homeland peers were selected.Their parents were asked to finish the Achenbach' s Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and a self-developed correlates questionnaire.Results 765 eco-migrant children with behavioral problems were detected,with detection rate as 28.8%,higher than that of homeland group (24.2%) and native group (19.3%)(x2=73.547,P<0.012 5).Ecological migration mainly influenced factors as bad contacts,depression,obsessive-compulsive,discipline,attack for boys aged 6-11,bad contacts for boys aged 12-16 and extraversion behavioral problems for girls aged 12-16,in Hui.These factors both associated to eco-migrant children's behavioral problems in Hui and Han:cesarean section (OR =1.863,95% CI:1.144-3.035,for Han) and (OR=2.979,95% CI:2.067-4.293,for Hui),physical defects(OR=1.730,95%CI:1.087-2.751,for Han) and (OR=2.552,95%CI:1.649-3.950,for Hui),arable as a main income way(OR=1.272,95%CI:1.066-1.518,for Han) and (OR=1.212,95%CI:1.033-1.422,for Hui),parents' education level above middle school (OR=0.709,95% CI:0.539-0.932,for Han) and (OR=0.698,95%CI:0.542-0.898,for Hui),parents' frequently in good mood (OR=0.710,95%CI:0.613-0.821,for Han) and (OR=0.826,95%CI:0.718-0.949,for Hui).However,major diseases in the process of growth (OR=1.794,95% CI:1.163-2.767),and parents with chronic illness or disability (OR=1.463,95% CI:1.061-2.016) only associated with that in Han; single-parent or remarried families (OR=1.583,95% CI:1.078-2.325),parents often drinking (OR=1.557,95%CI:1.019-2.379),the time of parents' work longer than half a year(OR=1.494,95% CI:1.197-1.864),parents' more content to life now (OR=0.813,95% CI:0.700-0.945),and children in older age (OR=0.939,95%CI:0.889-0.991) only

  13. Empirical Research of Brand Trust Relationship Influential Factors of Huis Old Brands%基于回族老字号的顾客品牌信任关系影响因素实证研究∗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨保军

    2014-01-01

    The process from weak brands developing to strong brands serenely is the process of customer trust increases, exploring factors that influence brand trust is great significance to the brand growth. Re-search shows, enterprises, customers and interactive processes are key factors that affect brand trust rela-tionships;through questionnaires of Huis old brands validated the brand trust and influential factors, for exploring brand trust relationships and promoting Huis old brands growth provide important ideas.%从弱小品牌发展到强势品牌的过程实质是顾客信任程度增加的过程,探索影响品牌信任关系的因素对于品牌成长具有重要意义。研究证明,企业、顾客及交互过程是影响品牌信任关系的关键因素,通过回族老字号的调查问卷对品牌信任与影响因素的关系进行了验证,将对深入探讨品牌信任关系的影响因素,促进回族老字号品牌成长提供重要的思路。

  14. 中央红军会理攻坚战述论%Presentation and Discussion on the Battle of the Central Red Army in Hui-li County

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘财富; 景志明

    2011-01-01

    During the Long March period,the battle of the Central Red Army in Hui-li county of Si-chuan province was an important one.Because casualties were too serious,so many criticisms occurred in the Party or the Red Army.Based on the relevant historical documents,the author thinks the military action taken by the Red Army in Hui-li county had favorable and unfavorable factors.Though the battle didn’t win,it still had positive significance in which the Red Army went north rapidly and broke though the Da Du-he river defence set by the army of Kuomingtang.%会理攻坚战是中央红军长征在四川时的一场重要战斗。因红军伤亡过大且攻城失利,所以当时党内军内非议颇多。本文通过相关史料的梳理,分析红军攻城的有利与不利因素,从而说明这次战斗的失利对于中央红军迅速北上并突破国民党大渡河防线仍有积极的影响。

  15. Prevalence of tobacco and alcohol use in ethnic Hui and Han residents in Ningxia%宁夏回族自治区回、汉族居民烟草、酒精使用调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王俊峰; 马辉; 王志忠; 张毓洪

    2015-01-01

    目的 了解宁夏回族自治区(宁夏)回、汉族居民烟草、酒精使用情况及其分布特征,为民族地区改善戒烟、限酒措施提供参考.方法 采用多阶段系统抽样法,抽取宁夏地区≥18岁居民6 476人进行入户调查.烟草和酒精使用障碍根据国际疾病分类-10(ICD-10)标准采用复合型国际诊断交谈表3.0(CIDI 3.0)中文版评估.结果 共有5 811名受访者完成全部调查,目前吸烟率为19.15%,其中男性吸烟率高于女性(44.73%vs.1.51%),差异有统计学意义(x2=1 693.25,P<0.001);男性中回族吸烟率低于汉族(33.19%vs.51.95%),差异有统计学意义(x2=79.99,P<0.001).男性烟草依赖患病率为1.75%,回、汉族男性烟草依赖患病率差异无统计学意义(x2=0.02,P=0.958).目前饮酒率为5.78%,其中男性饮酒率高于女性(12.48% vs.1.16%),差异有统计学意义(x2=329.94,P<0.001);男性中回族饮酒率低于汉族(4.71%vs.17.34%),差异有统计学意义(x2=82.03,P<0.001);男性酒精使用障碍患病率为6.03%,男性回族酒精使用障碍患病率低于汉族(3.50%vs.7.61%),差异有统计学意义(x2=16.68,P<0.001).结论 宁夏地区回族成年人烟草和酒精使用率低于同地区汉族,当地的回族文化对减少人群烟草、酒精使用可能具有积极的影响.%Objective To understand the prevalence of tobacco and alcohol use in ethnic Hui and Han residents in Ningxia Hui autonomous region and provide evidence for the smoking cessation and alcohol use reduction in minority area.Methods Face to face interview was performed in 6 476 subjects aged ≥ 18 years who were selected through systematic sampling in Ningxia.The tobacco use and alcohol use related disorders were evaluated with Composite International Diagnostic Interview 3.0(CIDI 3.0) according to International Classification of Diseases-10 (ICD-10).Results A total of 5 811 subjects completed the survey, the prevalence of current smoking was 19

  16. 集体记忆与民族亲和力的建构——以兰州西关清真寺为例%The Collective Memory and the Construction of Hui Ethnic Identity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高永久; 丁生忠

    2012-01-01

    在城市空间结构再生产的过程中,城市规模向四周逐渐延伸,市民的居住格局也随之发生变化,原先围寺聚居的回族穆斯林群众,便迁至城市的各个街区角落。通过对散居回族现状和特点的分析,探知其以清真寺为集体记忆的符号,借助集体欢腾、个体情感进发、宗教仪式来建构民族亲和力,以实现其群体和谐的目标。%In the process of the reproduction of urban spatial structures, the size of a city gradually stretches out in all directions. At the same time, people's residential structure changes: the Muslims of Hui Ethnic:Group originally clustering around mosques are now moving to every corner of the city. In this thesis, the authors discuss the status quo and characteristics of the identity of Hui Ethnic Group in order to construct ethnic affinity by using the Mosque as a symbol of collective memory, relying on collective exultation, individual emotional venting and religious rituals, so as to reach the goal of group harmony.

  17. 宁夏地区回汉族中小学生超重肥胖流行趋势分析%Analyses of the prevalence changes of overweight and obesity in Hui and Han students in Ningxia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许红霞; 石丽文; 赵燚; 杨建军; 金晶; 张毓洪

    2012-01-01

    Objective To analyze the prevalence changes of overweight and obesity in Hui and Han students in Ningxia from 2005 to 2010, in order to provide evidence for development of preventive measures against obesity. Methods Students aged 7 to 18 participated in th? 2005 and 2010 National Survey on Students' Constitution and Health of Ningxia were selected as subjects. The newly established BMI screening criteria for o-verweight and obesity was used to analyze the prevalence among various populations. Results The prevalence rates of overweight among Han boys, Han girls, Hui boys and Hui girls were 10. 1% , 5. 7% ,7. 4% and5.9% in 2010, 7.9% , 5.4% ,4.0% and4.7% in 2005 .respectively. Meanwhile, the prevalence rates of obesity for the Han boys, Han girls, Hui boys, and Hui girls were 5. 1 %, 2.9 % ,4.1% and 2. 6% in 2010,3. 8%, 1.8%,1.9% and 1.3% in 2005 , respectively. The prevalence rates of overweight and obesity were higher among children aged 7-12 than those a-mong other age groups in Hui and Han students of rural and urban areas. The ordinal regression showed that the prevalence of overweight and obesity among students in 2010 were higher than those in 2005 after controlling for Living areas (in urban area or not) , age and gender. Meanwhile, the Han students were higher than those of Hui students. Conclusion The prevalence rates of overweight and obesity increase rapidly and spread from urban to rural areas among Hui and Han students gradually in Ningxia, therefore, it is necessary to take comprehensive measures to prevent and control the obesity of adolescents in Ningxia.%目的 了解宁夏地区2005-2010年回族与汉族不同群体学生超重、肥胖流行趋势,为制定学生肥胖防治措施提供依据.方法 使用2005和2010年宁夏地区全国学生体质调研资料的数据,利用中国学龄儿童青少年超重和肥胖体质量指数(BMI)筛查标准,对7~18岁中小学生进行超重、肥胖筛查.结果 汉族男生超重率2005年为7.9

  18. 同济大学文远楼建设与改造设计的现代建筑思想研究%Analysis on Modern Design Philosophy in Renovation Project of Wen Yuan Building(Tongji University)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王鑫

    2011-01-01

    A longitudinal/lengthwise analysis of modern design philosophy for building/renovating Wen Yuan building has been made from the perspective of form, content and concept. While the modern design movement has been revolutionary and impressive in western countries for over half a century, it was stagnant and neutral through the complex building cultural context of different times in china.%从形式、内容、观念等多视角对同济大学文远楼建设及改造设计中的现代建筑思想进行横向与纵向的比较分析,探讨了逾半个世纪以来,与西方国家振聋发聩的现代主义建筑运动不同,现代建筑思想在中国不同时代复杂的建筑文化语境下一直保持一种胶滞的“中用状态”存在方式.

  19. 周文泉运用当归六黄汤治疗多汗证经验%Experience of ZHOU Wen-quan in treating hyperhidrosis by using Danggui Liuhuang Tang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晋; 辛莉

    2011-01-01

    周文泉教授是第4批全国老中医药专家学术继承指导老师,从医40余年,对老年病治验颇丰,尤其在遣方用药方面,独具匠心,辨析周师活用当归六黄汤治疗多汗证,灵活运用泻火、固表、滋阴3方面药物,将主治阴虚盗汗名方,广泛应用于暑湿、气虚多汗证,取得了较好的疗效.%Professor ZHOU Wen-quan is famous veteran expert in TCM. He has plenty of experience and notable curative effect in treating senile diseases, especially in distinctively using formulas and Chinese herbal medicine. This article analysis how professor ZHOU to use Dang Gui Liu Huang Tang in treating hyperhidrosis, which not only in yin-deficiency syndrome night sweat as usual, but also in summer-heat and dampness syndrome sweet, qi-deficiency syndrome spontaneous sweat and the efficiency is good.

  20. The comprehensive pipe gallery design of Wenli avenue extension line in Hainan test area%海南试验区文黎大道延伸线综合管廊设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨湖平

    2015-01-01

    以海南国际旅游岛先行试验区文黎大道延伸线项目为例,重点介绍了综合管廊纳入管线的选择,管廊设计标准的选取,对浅埋式盖板沟结构综合管廊的横断面设计、平面布置、纵断面设计、各种节点设计、附属工程设计等作了详细阐述,提出了此类综合管廊管理意见。%Taking the Wenli avenue extension line project in Hainan international tourism island pilot test district as an example,this paper em-phatically introduced the comprehensive pipe gallery into pipeline selection,pipe gallery design criteria selection,elaborated in detail the cross-sectional design,plane layout,vertical section design,all kinds of nodes design,affiliated engineering design etc. of shallow buried type trench cover structure,put forward such comprehensive pipe gallery management advices.

  1. 平静而婉约的审美追求--论沈从文的文学批评旨趣%The Aesthetic Pursuit of Calm and Grace:On Shen Cong-wen's Taste of Literary Criticism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭善明; 赵俊芳

    2014-01-01

    As a critic, Shen Cong-wen expresses his taste of literary criticism with calm and beautiful perceptive prose.He has always maintained this aesthetic taste of calm and grace, which reflects his classical interest in literary criticism on the one hand, and shows his strong desire of maintaining the status of literature ontology in that particular historical period on the other hand.%作为批评家的沈从文,用平静优美的感悟式的散文化语言表达了他的文学批评旨趣。他始终保持着平静而婉约的审美趣味,一方面体现出他在文学批评上的古典趣味,另一方面,这也表现了他在那个特定历史时期维护文学本体地位的强烈愿望。

  2. 《同窗友认假作真,女秀才移花接木》的闻蜚娥人物形象浅析%Analysis on the Image of WEN Fei -e

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李丽霞

    2015-01-01

    女扮男装这一文学题材在《木兰辞》中就已出现,后代不断有作者对该题材进行充实与推衍,借以弘扬女子之才。《二刻拍案惊奇》中《同窗友认假作真,女秀才移花接木》闻蜚娥女扮男装求学读书,博得秀才名号。她风姿绝世,文武双全,突破礼教,大胆追爱。其形象与一般的闺阁佳人大异其趣。%A woman disguised as a man,this literary theme have appeared in the "Mulan",the offspring writers of this subject continue to enrich to promote women's talents.In "The second collection of striking the table in amazement at the wonders", Wen Fei'e disguised as a man diligently studied to be granted as a scholar.She is endowed with graceful appearance,civil and martial virtues,an anti -ethic spirit and bold pursuit of love.Her image is quite different from the ordinary elegant ladies.

  3. DUAN’s Notes of Shuo Wen Jie Ziand Collation of Original Meanings of Chinese Characters%析《段注》所正《说文》各本字本义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭晓红

    2012-01-01

    段玉裁自正或依《说文》旧本、音义书、经传文赋及其注等正《说文》各本字本义;以正释字字形、字序为主,另补、删字本义;他的整理正本清源,体现出研究主见和博大精深的语言功底,为中国语言学的发展做出了不可磨灭的贡献。%"Notes of Shuo Wen Jie Zi "written by Duan Yucai Collated various versions for their notes on the grapheme meaning of Chinese Characters,by way of correcting,supplementing or deleting words,with direct correcting font,word order,or according to different versions of Shuowen,his arrangement had the role of the radical reform and demonstrated the broad and profound language skills and was of great significance in the field of Chinese linguistics.

  4. 福建惠安女文化景观构造及其空间性%Studying on Cultural Landscape Construction and Spatial Characteristics Based on the Case of Women in Hui'an County

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王彬; 李彬

    2012-01-01

    在对福建渔家女文献梳理和文化元素统计基础上,运用女性地理学理论和方法,解读惠安女文化景观构造特征和形成原因.研究结果表明:惠安女文化萌芽于隋唐,发展于宋元,鼎盛于明清;惠安女文化景观空间分布主要集中于以泉州港为中心的沿海半岛地区;惠安女在工种方面已超出传统中国女性从事职业类型,服饰体现海洋文化特征,婚俗表现出向父系过渡遗留和对劳动力争夺的结果,并建立起互助、自救等社会组织.惠安女文化景观是沿海地理环境特征和社会劳动地域分工共同作用的结果.%The paper describes systematiclly the landscape performances and characteristics of women in Hui'an county——a typical fisherwomen in Fujian province——through combing the literatures and assorting and counting cultural elements based on cultural formation,landscape construction and cause analysis by feminism and theories and methods of cultural geography.The indings show that the phenomenon of women culture in Hui'an county had appeared as early as during Sui and Tang Dynasties,and gained a large-scale development during Song and Yuan Dynasties and the landscapes had been built up during Ming and Qing Dynasties.As to the distribution in space,women in Hui'an county mainly live in the east costal areas of Hui'an county,which are circled by Meizhou gulf where the city of Quanzhou as the center of the gulf.In the view of cultural formation,women do more than the ones in other areas in China,even they engage in what men do in many work fields in Chinese traditional society,their apparels embody cultural characteristics of marine,the customs on marriage is the outcomes which hawe been handed down from the transition to patriarchal society and struggled for each other between their parents and in-laws,and types of social organizations are created for help each other among women.So the cultural landscapes of women in Hui'an county is a

  5. China Report: Political, Sociological and Military Affairs, No. 470.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Portugal’s Mota Pinto on Macao, Hong Kong (AFP, 20 Oct 83) 128 WEN WEI PO Cites Chinese ’Gentleman’ on Hong Kong (Cheng Hsiang ; WEN...Chenglin [7456 2052 2651] (Hui), Ma Changrui [7456 2490 3843] (Hui), Ma Yaozhang [7456 5069 4545] Wang Yun [3769 0061], Wang Chuan [3769 0356], Wang...KONG ) ’’’=" HK170350 Hong Kong WEN WEI PO in Chinese 13 Oct 83 p 3 ["Newsletter" by Beijing Correspondent Cheng Hsiang [4453 5046]: "On the

  6. Analysis of Sinkiang Hui People’ s Flower From Interdisciplinary Perspective---A Case Study of Sinkiang Yanqi Hui People Autonomous County%跨学科视域下新疆回族花儿探究--以新疆焉耆回族自治县为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张云; 张付新

    2016-01-01

    The flower ( folk song) of Yanqi Hui nationality,with obvious regional,mul-ticultural and ethnic characters,is a prominent representative of Sinkiang. The origin,repre-sentation,artistic feature,historical significance and cultural value are analyzed from the per-spective of history anthropology,sociology,and economy anthropology. It is pointed out that multi-ethnic and cultural diversity and richness make effective way to promote ethnic com-munication and integration. This is also a necessary spiritual drive and cultural source for social stability in Sinkiang.%焉耆回族花儿是新疆回族花儿的杰出代表,其地域性、多元性和民族性特征非常明显。本文则通过历史人类学、社会学、经济人类学的学科视野对焉耆回族花儿的渊源流变、表现方式、艺术特征、历史意蕴和文化价值进行了深入的剖析,并指出民族文化的多样性和丰富性是构建新疆各民族交往交流交融的有效途径,也是实现新疆社会稳定和长治久安不可替代的精神动力和文化源泉。

  7. 焦作地区回汉族糖尿病发病率调查分析%Incidence investigation of diabetes mellitus in Hui and Han population of Jiaozuo region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李清红; 袁新建; 王红心

    2012-01-01

    Objective To explore the prevalence and characteristics of diabetes mellitus in Hui and Han population aged 30 years and over in Jiaozuo. And to analyze the association between the prevalence of diabetes mellitus and body mass index(BMI). Methods We conducted a case-control study with 663 people aged 30-81 years. Among the total,337 subjects were Hui population, 326 subjects were Han population. Among them, integrated records of body height,body mass,waist circumference(WC) ,hip circumference,blood pressure,fasting plasma glucose were analyzed. The waist hip ratio (WHR) and BMI were computed. Over weight was defined as BMI≥24,and the criteria of central obesity:WC≥90 cm for men,WC≥80 cm for women. Excel was used to build database, SPSS 10.0 was used for analyses. Results Systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, body mass, BMI, WC, hip circumference, WHR in Hui population were significantly higher than those in Han population ( P < 0. 05 or <0. 01). The prevalence of diabetes in Hui of Jiaozuo was 38. 6% (130/337), while that was 8. 3% (27/326) for Han, and the difference was statistically significant P <0. 01); Meanwhile, the Hui was significantly higher than 9.7% (4 949/46 239) of the national incidence, the difference was statistically significant ( P<0. 01). Abdominal obesity diabetes prevalence and non-abdominal obesity diabetes prevalence in Hui was higher than those in Han. Abdominal obesity diabtes prevalence 30. 0%(101/337) vs8.0%(26/326)(P<0. 05),non-abdominal obesity diabetes prevalence 8. 6% (29/337) vs 0.3% (10/326) ( P <0. 01), respectively. Conclusion The prevalence of diabetes in the Hui of Jiaozuo was significantly higher than the national average,while the Han and the national prevalence of diabetes is close. Elevated BMI and WC are major risk factors of diabetes, controlling for BMI and WC increase is important to reduce the incidence of diabetes.%目的 探索焦作地区回汉族糖尿病的患病率及其与体

  8. Empirical Research on Hui-honored Consumers Intergenerational Transmission and Brand Loyalty%回族老字号消费者代际传承与品牌忠诚关系实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨保军; 马玉龙

    2015-01-01

    Consumers' cultural values based on the intergenerational transmission of family ties had an impor-tant impact on consumer behavior,as well as the consumer brand awareness and the brand trust.The consum-ers of Hui Old brand exhibited unique consumption characteristics owe to ethnic,religious and geographical effect,the intergenerational transmission of consumer groups in the Hui old brand more prominent.Empirical research showed that the impact of Hui old brand intergenerational transmission on brand awareness,brand trust and brand loyalty was significantly positive.Based on the perspective of intergenerational transmission,en-hancing consumers' brand loyalty had an important enlightenment to promote the brand development and tradi-tions cultural heritage,and own brand competitiveness.%基于家庭纽带的代际传承形成的消费者文化价值观深刻影响着消费者行为,使消费者品牌认知、品牌信任的形成无不带有代际影响的烙印。回族老字号的消费者受到民族、宗教、地域的影响表现出独特的消费特征,代际传承在回族老字号消费群体更为突出。从实证角度深入研究回族老字号消费者代际传承对品牌认知、品牌信任以及品牌忠诚的影响,呈现出显著的正相关关系。基于代际传承视角提升消费者品牌忠诚度对推动老字号品牌发展和传统文化的传承和推广以及自有品牌竞争力的提升都具有重要的启示意义。

  9. Research on the Marital Status of Pre-Shang Dynasty and Tian Wen%《楚辞·天问》与先商族婚姻形态研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    代生

    2014-01-01

    Certain script of Tian Wen is important literature of studying Pre-Shang history. Wang Guowei and Gu Jiegang have studied this issue.This data shows WangHai (王亥)and ShangJia-Wei (上甲微)both kept the marriage relationship with YouYiNv (有易女)due to the custom of mar-riage by succession and the system that younger brother succeeded to the throne from elder brother. Upon WangHai's death,the throne and YouYiNv were passed on to WangHeng,and after WangH-eng,it was passed and returned to WangHai's son ShangJiaWei.Through this discussion,we can bet-ter understand this marriage and inheritance system.%《楚辞·天问》“该秉季德,……何变化以作诈,而后嗣逢长”一段,是研究先商史的重要资料,王国维、顾颉刚等先生对此都有讨论。通过对相关资料的分析可知该节反映了王亥、上甲微父子都与有易氏女有婚姻关系,原因即是先商族存在的收继婚和兄终弟及制度,王亥死后,王位和有易氏女传给王恒,而在王恒之后,又回传给王亥之子上甲微。这一问题的梳理,有利于了解先商族史迹和婚姻、继承制度。

  10. Discussion on Main Ideas of Yunqi Theory in Diagrammatizing Main Ideas in Su Wen%《新刊图解素问要旨论》五运六气要旨之探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨威; 于峥; 于志静

    2014-01-01

    《新刊图解素问要旨论》为金代刘完素所著,经弟子马宗素整理、校订、刊发,仅有一部清抄本传世。该书详细阐释五运六气格局及其医学意义,论及大小运、平气运及“年月日时同”等,养生重应时之所宜补衰抑盛,诊病参脉候推生克,治病从标本察顺逆,提倡知常御变,综合考量运气加临、脏腑虚实、疾病演变等,为后学者临证体验提供了线索与依据。%Diagrammatizing Main Ideas in Su Wen, as the only codex handed down from Qing Dynasty, was written by Liu Wansu in Jin Dynasty, and was collated and revised by his disciple Ma Zongsu. This book elaborates Yunqi (Five Evolutive Phases and Six Climatic Factors) Theory in detail, expounds major and minor Evolutive Phases, normal Evolutive Phases, and the concept of the changes of Yunqi are similar in a year, a month, and a day. It also advocates that health cultivation requires human beings to follow laws of nature, invigorate asthenia-syndromes and restrain excess. Furthermore, it argues that doctors should deduce generation and restriction in the Five Evolutive Phases through palpating, and treat diseases by observing primary and secondary symptoms and signs in due or reverse order. In addition, it promotes that human beings should notice normal features and unusual changes in climatic factors, consider the theory of Yunqi, deficiency and excess of organs, and evolution of disease synthetically, in order to provide learners with clues and basic theories in clinical practice.

  11. Explanation on "Shao","Qian" and "Ling" in Shuo Wen Jie Zi%《说文解字》所收“芍”、“芡”、“蔆”疏解

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李艳

    2012-01-01

    "Shao"means "Fuci" in Shuo Wen Jie Zi and "Biqi" in our daily life.Its aliases,"Wuyu","Dili","Heisanleng","Mati",were further explained."Fuci"and "Cigu" were confused because they are similar in the form."Qian" was known as "Jitou" on account of its round fruit and outstanding calyx, which is very similar with a bird head,but not a cockscomb.It is incorrect to confuse "Qian" with "Ji" or "Ling"."Ling" is defined as the water chestnut today.It has many edges,so "Leng" and "Ling" are commonly-used word.Both "Ji" and "Xiehou" are dialect of "Ling"."Jueguang" and "Ling" have the same alias,"Xiehou",but represent different things.%(一)"芍"《说文·艸部》:"芍,凫茈也。"(1)20《尔雅·释草》:"芍,凫茈。"郭璞注:"生下田,苗似龙须而细,根如指头,黑色可食。"邢昺疏:"芍,一名凫茈。郭云:生下田中,苗似龙须而细,根如指头,黑色,可食,今

  12. 融合与分裂——试论吴趼人《中国侦探案》的过渡性特征%Exploration on ZHANG Wen-tian' s Cultural Democracy Thought

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张颖; 李宁

    2012-01-01

    文化民主是一种文化人权,尊重文化人的个性和文化团体的独立性不仅是政治民主的内在要求,也是文学文艺发展、进步的不竭动力。张闻天文化民主思想与其学习、文艺创作、革命实践密切相关,具体指向(受众)是广大民众,前提条件是文化人创作的自由、自主权,承认和肯定文化团体的自主性;内容上体现反封建、反礼教,提倡个人的平等,创造宽松的文艺生存环境。前瞻性上看,对文化创新创造的政治条件、文化体制的调整和调适指明了方向。%Cultural democracy is a cuhure of human rights. Respect for intellectuals of the independence of personality and cultural groups is not only the inherent requirements of political democracy, but also the literary arts development and progress of the inexhaustible power. ZHANG .Wen-tian' s democratic ideas are closely related to his learning culture, art and literature creation, revolutionary practice. The specific point ( the audience) is the general public, provided that intellectuals creative freedom, autonomy, recog- nition and affirmation of the autonomy of cultural groups; content reflects the anti-feudal, anti-decency and propriety, to promote equality of individuals, creating a favorable environment for cultural survival.

  13. Pharmacokinetics of doxapram in Chinese Hui and Han healthy volunteers%多沙普仑在中国回族和汉族健康人体内的药动学

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖勇; 程佳; 郭涛; 夏东亚; 郑谊; 郭红亮

    2011-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the pharmacokinetics of doxapram in Chinese Hui and Han healthy volunteers. Methods:Ten Hui volunteers and ten Han volunteers were given a single dose of 50 mg doxapram by intravenous infusion. The concentration of doxapram in plasma was determined by HPLC method, and the pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated by DAS 2. 0 software. ResultS:The main pharmacokinetic parameters of Hui volunteers were as follows: cmax 48±0. 46) μg/ml, t1/2β(3. 91±2.05) h,Vd(l. 35±0.45) L/kg,AUC0-12 (3. 02±0. 56)μg · h · ml-1 ,AUC0-∞(3. 49 + 0. 73) μg · h · ml-1. The main pharmacokinetic parameters of Han volunteers were as follows: cmax( 55±0. 52) μg/ml,t1/2β(3. 87 + 2. 17) h,Vd(l. 35± 0. 96) L/kg,AUC0-12(3. 51±1. 26)μg· h · ml-1, AUC0-∞ (4. 06±l. 44) μg · h· ml-1. Conclusion:There were no significant differences in the pharmacokinetic parameters of doxapram between Chinese Hui and Han healthy volunteers.%目的:研究汉族和回族健康受试者单次静脉滴注盐酸多沙普仑后的药动学.方法:回族和汉族健康受试者各10名,单次静脉滴注盐酸多沙普仑50 mg,定时采血,用HPLC法测定多沙普仑血药浓度,DAS 2.0软件计算药动学参数.结果:回族受试者的主要药动学参数为:cmax(1.48±0.46) μg/ml、t1/2β(3.91±2.05) h、Vd(1.35±0.45) L/kg、AUC0~12(3.02±0.56) μg·h·ml-1、AUC0~∞(3.49±0.73) μg·h·ml-1.汉族受试者的主要药动学参数为:cmax(1.55±0.52) μg/ml、t1/2β(3.87±2.17) h、Vd(1.35±0.96) L/kg、AUC0~12(3.51±1.26) μg·h·ml-1、AUC0~∞(4.06±1.44) μg·h·ml-1.结论:经统计学分析,回族和汉族健康受试者单次静脉滴注盐酸多沙普仑后药动学参数的差异无统计学意义.

  14. The First Chinese Translator of Pushkin's Works--JI YI-hui and Pushkin%普希金"初临中土"的向导--戢翼翚与普希金

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张铁夫

    2000-01-01

    JI Yi-hui was the first Chinese who translated Pushkin's works. Pushkin's "Daughter of lieutenant"was translated from Japanese by him and he gave this Chinese version a new name "Romance of Russia". This version was an assimilative one. There were quite big discrepancies over the book's name, characters' name, person, type and number of words between the Chinese version and the Russian original. However, It was not JI yi-hui but the Japanese translator who should bear full responsibility for these. Because the Japanese version was an abridged one itself and all the divergences above-mentioned could be fould there. Ji's version was not a perfect one, but it was the very beginning for the Chinese to translate pushkin's works and other Russian literary master pieces and therefore had a profound significance in the history of literature.%普希金的第一部汉译作品是《上尉的女儿》,译本题作《俄国情史》,系据日文转译,译者为戢翼翚。这是一部归化式译作,书名、人名、人称、体裁、字数均与原作有较大的出入。不过,责任主要不在中译者,而在日译者。日译本本身就是一个缩写本,上述问题都是目译本所存在的。戢译《俄国情史》虽是一部很不完善的译作,但它开了翻译普希金作品和俄国文学名著的先河,因而具有重要意义。

  15. The Comparison of the Self -Consciousness Developing Situation on the Hui -Nationality Girls and Han -Nationality Girls%回族与汉族女童自我意识发展状况的对比研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗媛; 丁仲学; 李鹏程

    2015-01-01

    In this paper,use the Piers -Harris children's self -consciousness scale (PHCSS),by investiga-ting 535 Han nationality girls and 418 Hui nationality girls.The results showed that:1.The behavior of the Hui nationality girls,body appearance and properties,anxiety,to fit in with the obvious differences in grade four as-pects,and the Han girls intelligence with the school situation,the body appearance and attributes have significant differences in grade;2.The behavior of the self -consciousness of the girls,intelligence and school situation,the body appearance and properties,sociable,happiness and satisfy the five dimensions have significant ethnic differ-ences.%本文采用 Piers -Harris 儿童自我意识量表(PHCSS),通过调查535名汉族女童和418名回族女童。结果发现:1.回族女童的行为、躯体外貌与属性、焦虑、合群这四个方面在年级上存在显著差异,而汉族女童的智力与学校情况、躯体外貌与属性在年级上存在显著差异;2.女童自我意识的行为、智力与学校情况、躯体外貌与属性、合群、幸福与满足五个因子上存在显著的民族差异性。

  16. 从《文艺十条》到《文艺八条》--20世纪60年代初期文艺调整的政策转向及其历史意义%From Wen Yi Shi Tiao to Wen Yi Ba Tiao---Study on the Political Turn and Historical Significance of the Literary and Artistic Adjustment in the Early 1960’s

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段恺

    2014-01-01

    1961年6月召开的全国文艺工作座谈会,除了充分讨论建国后文艺界出现的问题和对策,还讨论、促成了一份重要的政策性文件《关于当前文学艺术工作的意见(草案)》(简称《文艺十条》),但是正式出台的《关于当前文学艺术工作若干问题的意见(草案)》(简称为《文艺八条》)却进行了大量的删改,这些删改主要是删除或压缩了许多具有现实针对性的、切实有利于文艺发展的内容,同时添加了诸多强调政治思想倾向的内容。这些政治性内容表现在对文艺工作者参加劳动和接受改造的要求、对文艺创作思想倾向的把控、对文艺批评和文艺报刊的限制、对文艺领导的加强等方面。这些修改反映出在特定历史时期文艺政策调整的局限性和潜伏着反复的某种预兆。%The National Symposium of Literature and Art in June 1961 had discussed and brought about an important policy document Suggestions about the Current Literature and A rt (Draf t) (abbreviated as Wen Yi Shi Tiao) besides discussing the problems and policies in literature and art after the founding of People's Republic of China .But formally issued Suggestions about Several Problems of the Current Literature and A rt (draf t) was different from Wen Yi Shi Tiao .These differences are deletion and compression of many policies which was of practical relevance and were good for the development of literature and art ,at the same time adding many policies emphasizing politics .The political content included asking writers and artists to take part in work and accept transformation ,the control of ideological tendency of literature and art ,restriction of literary and artistic criticism and publications ,reinforcement of literary and artistic leadership and so on .These differences reflected the limitation of literary and artistic adjustment and a certain forecast that the situation would go back in

  17. Flowering Biological Characteristics of Lycium barbarum in Guyuan, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region%宁南固原枸杞开花生物学特性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗术东; 王彪; 褚忠桥; 吴杰; 杨文寿; 张俊丽

    2011-01-01

    为明确宁夏南部山区枸杞的开花生物学特性,以当地枸杞主栽品种“宁杞一号”为材料,于2008-2010年对枸杞的开花物候、花粉活力、柱头可授性、泌蜜规律、花粉胚珠比和杂交指数等进行研究.结果表明,宁杞1号单花花期一般为3d左右,老眼枝花期在4月下旬至5月上旬,七寸枝花在5月下旬至7月上旬,盛花期在5月下旬至6月下旬.花后2h开始散粉,但花粉在散粉前就具有活力,花后6h活性最强,72 h时花粉基本散尽且残余花粉活力很低.花后27 h内,5 a生树七寸枝花粉活力高于同时期10 a生树的花粉活力,其他时间段花粉活力基本一致.柱头在松蕾期和花后3h内均不具备可授性,花后3h开始具有可授性,18~36 h达最强,36 h候后可授性逐渐下降,花后60 h时基本丧失可授性.一天当中,枸杞单花蜜量7:00最大,此后在蜜量上逐渐减少,但含糖量上升,到15:00以后蜜量开始出现回升趋势.七寸枝初花期的蜜量显著高于老眼枝,而5a生七寸枝在盛花期的蜜量显著高于10 a生树.枸杞单花花粉量约为241 000粒,花粉胚珠比介于4 918~6 694之间,杂交指数(OCI)为5,因而可以断定枸杞的繁育系统为专性异交类型,需要传粉媒介为其传粉.%To identify the flowering biological characteristics of Chinese wolf berry in the southern of Ningxia Hui autonomous region, the floral biological characteristics, pollen viability, stigma receptivity, nectar secretion rhythm, pollen ovule ratio and outcrossing index of "Ningqi 1" were investigated in this paper. The results suggested that the old branches flowered from the late of April to the first ten days of May, but the new branches flowered from the late of May to the first ten days of July, and the full-bloom stage started from the late of May to the late of June, and most of flowers bloom about 3 days. The pollen can maintain viability since the late of bud stage, the flower has the strongest

  18. 谈《马氏文通》到《新著国语文法》前中国的语法研究(下)--纪念劭西师《新著国语文法》出版九十年%Chinese Grammar Study:from"MaShiWenTong"(《马氏文通》)to"XinZhuGuoYuWenFa"(《新著国语文法》)(Ⅱ)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙良明

    2015-01-01

    1898《马氏文通》到1924《新著国语文法》前中国语法研究分两个阶段。本文上篇谈前段“词本位”体系文法,已发表于本刊总第19辑。这里属下篇,谈后段“句本位”体系文法。“句本位”体系文法初建的原因和条件:国语运动的胜利,代替文言成为正式书面语;国外语言学类型理论、重句法文法体系引进,文法研究方法和文法与逻辑关系探索。所建体系基本内容:文法研究重视句中词的位置次序,以句子的结构和类型研究为重点。分词法(词类)、句法两部门,前者为后者服务;文法单位有词、语、句三级。词类继承前段研究分九品,继用“假借”说,说明词的转类;提出按句法成分位置辨分词品。句子整体结构分主语谓语:主语可含形容性附加语;谓语可含副词性附加语,谓语动词可带宾语、足语;谓语形容词和同动词后成分是表语。谈说句成分所任词语种类、变化和句子结构简式、复式及相互转化。认识句法结构蕴含语义关系并注意二者的结合分析。句子类型,按组织结构分单句、复句;按语气分直述句、疑问句、祈使句、感叹句。用表格法、图解法显示文法分析结果。行文有“附则”、“注意”,配合正文又适合教学需要。书后附标点符号用法,表现语法与标点符号关系密切;也反映新文化运动胜利,国语代替文言的一个成果。“句本位”文法体系的初建,是1922—1923年多位学者多年辛苦探索的成果;也为由《马氏文通》“词本位”科学体系发展为《新著》“句本位”科学体系奠定了基础。%From 1898’s“MaShiWenTong”(《马氏文通》)to 1924’s“XinZhu GuoYuWenFa”(《新著国语文法》), Chinese grammar study is divided into two stages. The first part of this article talks about the first stage: the generation of word based

  19. 辞约旨丰,事近喻远--修辞学视阈下的《文心雕龙》比喻式批评话语探析%Plain Diction, Profound Metaphor--Analysis on Wen Xin Diao Long's critical discourse with a rhetorical perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯晓玉

    2014-01-01

    刘勰运用丰富多样的比喻建构了《文心雕龙》的批评话语体系。根据负载比喻的语言单位不同,《文心雕龙》中的比喻可分为词句比喻和语篇比喻,其中,词句比喻有正格和变式两种,是刘勰分析作家作品、阐述文学理论的主要方式;语篇比喻旨在突出刘勰理论批评的核心,同时体现语言艺术的整体美。比喻作为提升语言表达效果而对其进行修饰的辅助工具,使《文心雕龙》的批评话语委婉含蓄、形象可感,促进了中国古代文学批评方法的多元化。%Liu Xie used a variety of metaphor to construct the Wen Xin Diao Long's critical discourse system. According to the different load figurative language unit, the metaphor in Wen Xin Diao Long can be divided into words metaphor and paragraphs metaphor, among them, words metaphor has two kinds of forms:standard and variant, which is the main method for Liu Xie to analysis works and expound literature theory;paragraphs metaphor used to highlight nuclear thesis and show the whole aesthetic perception of language. Metaphor as an assistant tool to modify language expression, which makes Wen Xin Diao Long's critical discourse implicit and visual , promoting the diversification of Chinese ancient literary criticism method.

  20. Analysis of the Lexical Meaning of “Ao An Quan Shi”in Wen-hsin Tiao-Lung%《文心雕龙》“傲岸泉石”词义考辨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕晓洁

    2014-01-01

    “Ao An Quan Shi”comes from the Poetic Praise in the Prelude of Wen-hsin Tiao-Lung .Its meaning relates to a series of relationships of the literary creation,such as the subject and object,and the people and object.It is even the concentration of the literary thoughts of the whole book.Previous explanations for it can be roughly divided into four categories:indulging in landscape,arrogant seclusion,nature and naturalness,and peripateticism and freedom.Each of them has merits and demerits.Combined with the specific context,“Ao An Quan Shi”focuses on the role of aesthetic subject.It refers to the free state in literary creation.“Ao An Quan Shi”and“Nature’s Assistance to Literary Creation”emphasizing the role of the aesthetic object constitute the basis of Liu Xie’s literature theories.%“傲岸泉石”出自《文心雕龙·序志》篇“赞曰”,其词义涉及文学创作的主体与客体、人与物等一系列关系,可以说是全书文论思想的一个浓缩。以往学界对它的解释大致可以归为四种:纵情山水说、高傲隐居说、自然本然说、逍遥自得说,每种说法都有合理之处,亦有不足。结合具体语境考察,可知“傲岸泉石”强调的是审美主体的作用,指的是文学创作时一种逍遥自得的本然状态。它与强调审美客体作用的“江山之助”一起构成了刘勰文学理论的根基。

  1. On "Wen-Yi" of Jin Dynasty,Song Dynasty and "Metaphysics Tail" of Xie Lingyun Landscape Poems%晋宋“文义”与谢诗“玄学尾巴”成因

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜剑云; 霍贵高

    2012-01-01

    从曹魏后期到晋宋之际,玄学经历了三个形态的变化。一是曹魏后期的"政治的玄学",二是西晋前期的"哲学的玄学",三是晋宋之际的"艺术的玄学"。以正始为代表的曹魏后期文学创作"有玄无文",以太康为代表的西晋前期文学创作"有文无玄",以陶、谢为代表的晋宋之际文学创作"有文有玄"。谢灵运就生活在"艺术的玄学"的时代,他不仅重"文","情必极貌以写物,辞必穷力而追新",而且重"义",体现在诗歌创作中,就是其山水诗的"玄学尾巴"。%From the period of late Cao-wei to the period of Jin dynasty and Song dynasty,metaphysics have undergone three changes in their patterns.The first is "political metaphysics" in late Cao-wei period,the second is "philosophy metaphysics" in former western Jin dynasty,the third is"art metaphysics" in the period of Jin dynasty and Song dynasty.In the period of late Cao-wei,literature has metaphysic but no grace.In former western Jin dynasty,literature has grace but no metaphysic.In the period of Jin dynasty and Song dynasty,literature has grace and metaphysic.Xie Lingyun just lived in such a "arts metaphysics" era which appreciating "Wen-Yi" became a fashion tide.Therefore,he not only thought a lot of literature,but also paid more attention to metaphysics.In poems,it shows the controversial "metaphysics tail".

  2. The Ideological Analysis of the Emperor Wen of the Han Dynasty in Dealing with the Relationship with the Huns%汉文帝处理与匈奴关系的思想探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王绍东

    2014-01-01

    汉文帝采取的处理与匈奴关系的策略,是冷静、理性而又得当的。根据当时的实际情况,承认汉匈双方是“分疆自立、和睦共存”的关系;能够体恤理解匈奴的生存环境与所遇困难,必要时给予援助和支持;信守与匈奴的和亲协定,从大局出发尽力维护双方的友好关系;当匈奴违约侵汉时,则组织力量进行有力回击;同时加强骑兵建设,巩固北部边防。汉文帝的上述策略取得了明显的效果,适应了双方经济上互补性和政治上统一性的要求,避免了大规模的战争发生,是一种双赢的战略选择。%The strategy of Emperor Wen of Han in dealing with the relationship of the Huns is a calm, rational and proper one.According to the ac-tual situation at that time, both sides acknowledged that the relationship between the Han and the Huns is self-reliance and coexist;he could understand the Huns’living environment and the difficulties encountered , gave aid and support when necessary; and kept with the agreement with the Huns,tried to maintain friendly relations between the two parties proceed from the overall situation; when the Huns breached the contract and invaded Han Dy-nasty, then Han organize a powerful counterblow;to strengthen the construction of cavalry,the northern frontier defense at the same time.The above strat-egy of Emperor Han got obvious effect and met the enormous economic complementarity and politically strong demand of the unity, avoiding large-scale war ,which is a win-win situation choice.

  3. Poetic Painting and Poetic Meaning of WenTong’Dead Wood Theme%文同枯木题材“诗意画”及诗意境界

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于广杰

    2016-01-01

    The poetic painting of dead wood theme is the important type of poetry and painting blend of scholar and Moxi in the North Song dynansty.From the image of wintry and conifers which play an important role in landscape panting,his “dead wood”changed the painting techniques of Tang Dynasty painters,depicting the dead wood in panorama mode,decorated with bamboo and stones.Compared with his poetry,the poetic painting dead wood theme hnd the same temperament and charm.Wen Tong’s “dead wood”painting opened up new mood space,enriched and promoted the development of poetic painting in the Northern Song Dynasty.In the Yuan and Ming Dynasty,wood painting had also far-reaching influence.%“枯木”题材“诗意画”是北宋诗画交融之文人墨戏的重要类型,源于盛唐以来山水画中的寒林古木和松石小景,而新变于文同。他的“枯木”绘画一变唐法,描绘古木全景,以竹石点缀其间,奇古简重,意兴盎然,与其诗歌创作同一机杼,是其学养品德,志趣性情的诗意表现。文同的“枯木”绘画,下开苏轼枯木怪石,为诗画交融诗学思想和艺术实践拓开了新的意境空间,丰富并推动了北宋“诗意画”创作的发展,对元明以后枯木题绘画的创作影响也至为深远。

  4. The reproductive biology of chub mackerel (Scomber japonicus) in Wen-Tai fishing ground%温台渔场日本鲭的繁殖生物学特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李建生; 严利平; 胡芬; 张辉

    2015-01-01

    利用2012年春季在温台渔场对日本鲭(Scomber japonicus)繁殖群体连续6批取样的生物学测定数据,对其繁殖生物学特征进行了研究。结果表明,叉长340 mm以下群体中,雌雄比基本符合1∶1的性比关系;叉长340 mm以上群体中,雌鱼显著多于雄鱼(P 340 mm group. Variations in the gonadosomatic index (GSI) over time showed that the main breeding season lasted from mid-March to mid-April in this location. Female and male GSI values showed significant differences in the time periods, and the overall performance for females was higher than in males. We found the average feeding intensity to be greater in males than in females in the different gonadal stages. The liver index showed significant differences in the different female and male gonadal stages, with values for females higher than males. Absolute fecundity was 44 017–734 684 grains (mean ±SD, 173 867 ± 15 719 grains), while the dominant group was 10–30×104 grains (70.37%). Relative fe-cundity was 187–1403 grains/g (mean ± SD, 538 ± 31 grains/g), and the dominant group was 390–700 grains/g (66.67%). Egg size was 0.27–1.22 mm (mean ± SD, 0.86 ± 0.01 mm), while the dominant group ranged from 0.7 to 1.1 mm. The absolute fecundity of S. japonicus in the Wen-Tai fishing ground was found to be less than that of the northern Yellow Sea and higher than that of the Taiwan Strait. Relative fecundity was higher than historic levels, but the mean egg size was found to be lower than in the 1980s, and the minimum fork length of males and females at maturity ex-perienced a certain degree of reduction. This suggests that reproductive interventions (i.e., increasing relative fecundity, reducing egg sizes, and promoting early sexual maturity in the fish) are needed to cope with the high fishing intensity and environment stresses that had threaten Scomber japonicus reproductive stocks.

  5. 回族儿童(7~12岁)生活习惯与体育技能获取途径的调查与分析%A Survey and Analysis of Children(7 - 12) of Hui Nationality's Living Habits and Access to Sports Skills

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘凌宇

    2012-01-01

    By means of investigation and questionnaire, Hui children's ( age 7 - 12) sports activities and cognition, living habits and access to sports were studied. A comprehensive analysis was also made of the influence of Hui nationality's peculiar habits and living environment on Hui children's living habits, sound growth and socializing. From the sociological perspective, the effect of socio - economy, culture, national conventions and environmental factors on children's socialization in the fonnation of Hui children's living habits and access to sports was analyzed. The inter - relationship and mutual promotion of Hui children's living habits and participation in sports was explored. Thus, in terms of learning, habit formation, acquisition of skills and social adaptation, the Hui children's education and growth was thoroughly examined.%运用走访调查和问卷调查等方法对回族7~12岁儿童的体育活动规律和体育认知程度、生活习惯和体育获取途径等内容进行研究,全面分析了回族儿童特有的民族习惯和生活环境等社会因素,对其生活习惯、健康成长和社会化过程的影响,并从社会学的角度分析了回族儿童生活习惯与体育获取途径中社会、经济、文化、民族习俗和环境因素对儿童社会化发展的影响,探讨回族儿童生活习惯与体育参与行为在社会实践中相互联系和相互促进的发展规律,从学习、习惯养成、技能获取和社会适应等方面全面审视了回族儿童的教育和成长过程.

  6. VDR基因多态性与宁夏回汉族白癜风患者的相关性研究%Investigation on association of VDR gene polymorphism with Hui and Han ethnic vitiligo patients in NingXia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭睿; 郝雁杰; 汪京峡; 刘霞; 杨文斌

    2012-01-01

    目的 研究VDR基因FokI、BsmI位点与宁夏地区回汉族白癜风患者遗传易感性的关系.方法 应用PCR-RFLP技术进行了宁夏回汉族白癜风患者的VDR基因FokI、BsmI位点频率分布的检测.结果 FokI位点的基因型和等位基因的分布频率在宁夏回汉族白癜风患者和对照组中均无统计学意义.BsmI位点Bb基因型的频率分布在宁夏回族白癜风组和回族健康对照组有显著性差异(P为0.033) ;而且Bb基因型的频率在宁夏白癜风患者组和对照组组中也有统计学意义(P值为0.036).结论 VDR 基因BsmI (rs:1544410) 位点可能是宁夏地区尤其是回族人群中白癜风发病的保护因子.%Objective To evaluate the assoriation of the polymorphism of VDR gene FokI and BsmI sites and the gr netir susrrptibility of Hui and Han cthnic vitiligo patiants in XingXia. Methods Polymarase chain relation scquancc rc strirtion fragment length polymorphism (PCR RFLP ) was used to analyzc the distribution of allles and genotypes of the Fold .mel BsmT sites of the VDR gene among Hui and Han cthnir vitiligo patients in Xingxin. Results There was no smtistirally signifirant rliffercncc in the frequencic.s of VDR FokI genotypes and alleles between the vitiligo patients and healthy controls in Han and Hui nationality (P>0.05). There was statistically signifirant diffcrenre in the frequcncies of Bb genotypes of VDR BsmT site between Hui ethnir vitiligo paticnts mel Hui ethnir healthy rontrols in XingXia (P - 0. 033) , and also between vitiligo patients mel healthy rontrols in XingXia. (P -0.026). Conclusion The Bsm I ( rs: 1544410) site of the VDR gene was likely the proteet factor in the pathogrncsis of vitiligo among XingXia population, especially Hui ethnir.

  7. Gene Polymorphism in Promoter of Interleukin- 6 between Hui and Han Ethnic Group of Ningxia%宁夏回、汉族群体IL-6启动子区基因多态性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    詹福寿; 李霞; 万艳; 张静; 霍正浩

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨白细胞介素6(interleukin6,IL-6)基因多态性在宁夏回、汉族人群中的分布特征.方法 应用聚合酶链反应-限制性片段长度多态性(PCR-RFLP)方法,对210例回族和308例汉族人群白细胞介素6基因启动子区三个多态性位点(-572G/C、-597G/A、-174G/C)进行检测.结果 宁夏回族群体IL-6基因三个SNP各基因型频率及等位基因频率分别为,-572G/C(CC:55.71%;CG:34.76%;GG:9.52%;C:73.10%;G:26.90%);-597G/A(GG:94.29%;GA:5.71%;AA:0%;G:97.14%;A:2.86);-174G/C(GG:96.67%;GC:3.23%;CC:0%;G:98.33%;C:1.67%).宁夏汉族群体IL-6基因三个SNP各基因型频率及等位基因频率分别为,-572(CC:52.92%;CG:35.71%;GG:11.36%;C:70.78%;G:29.22%);-597(GG:92.86%;GA:7.14%;AA:0%;G:96.13%;A:3.57);-174(GG:97.08%;GC:2.92%;CC:0%;G:98.54%;C:1.46%).两组间差异均无统计学意义(P>0.05);按性别分组,三个SNP位点的基因型频率及等位基因频率差异亦无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论 IL-6基因-572、-597、-174三个多态性位点在宁夏回、汉族人群及不同性别间差异无统计学意义.%Objective To explore the frequencies of allele and genotype distribution of interleukin6 ( IL - 6) gene promoter- 572G/C, -597G/A and - 174G/C polymorphisms in the Hui and Han people of Ningxia Province and to analyze the distributions of IL -6 polymorphism among different places and ethnic groups.Methods The gene IL -6 -572G/C, -597G/A and - 174G/C polymorphisms was examined by the polymerase chain reaction- restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR- RFLP) methods in 210 hui and 308 han healthy adults. Results IL - 6 - 572, - 597, - 174 genotype frequencies were - 572 ( CC :55.71%;CG:34.76%; GG: 9.52%; C: 73. 10%; G: 26.90% ), - 597 ( GG: 94.29%; GA: 5.71%; AA: 0%; G:97. 14%; A :2.86) and - 174 ( GG: 96.67 %; GC: 3.23 %; CC: 0%; G: 98.33 %; C: 1.67 % ) in Ningxia Hui ethnic group, respectively. IL - 6 - 572, - 597, - 174 genotypes frequencies were - 572 ( CC :52.92

  8. 伤寒论评话%Discussion of Shanghan Lun

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁华龙

    2012-01-01

    目的:探讨《伤寒论》太阳病表证的分类、传经、转归及表现.方法:对《伤寒论·辨太阳病脉证并论》中太阳表证的分类、传经、转归和表现进行了分析评价.结果:太阳病表证有发于阳与发于阴的不同,表现为七天或六天可愈;疾病的转归有日节律和月节律等,其发生、加重、好转、痊愈与时间和季节有密切关系.结论:太阳表证有太阳伤寒、太阳中风和太阳温病,而张仲景依据客观情况重点论述了伤寒和中风,对温病只是一笔带过.这种严谨的治学作风和良好的职业道德值得今人学习.%Objective:To investigate the disease classilication ot the pnma facie evidence of the Treatise on the sun,pass through,the vesting and performance". Methods:Treatise on the identified Sun abnormal pulse and on the articles in the sun,table card. .Pass on the outcome and performance analysis and evaluation. Results; The prima facie evidence of sun disease has different hair in the sun and occur in the shade, the performance can be more for seven days or six days; rhythm and monthly rhythm the outcome of the disease, its occurrence,increase,improved heal with time and The season is closely related. Conclusion:The sun facie evidence of the sun typhoid fever,sun stroke and the sun warm diseases,while Zhongjing based on the objective situation focuses on typhoid fever and stroke,only a passing febrile disease. Rigorous academic style and good work ethic is worth now learning.

  9. Effective of Hui Medicine AikangFang Synergism Chemotherapy to Lewis Lung Carcinoma Cell Ultrastructure%回药爱康方协同化疗对小鼠Lewis肺癌细胞超微结构的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马治国; 马科; 周丽萍; 边静; 周慧

    2012-01-01

    Objective Observed effective of Hui medicine AikangFang synergism chemotherapy to mice Lewis lung cancer cell changes by electron microscope. Methods We uesed to 55 C57 mice which were inoculated Lewis lung carcinoma cells after 24 h were randomly divided into model group, chemotherapy group, Hui medicine AikangFang; AikangFang low - dose and high - dose chemotherapy group. After 14d treatment, we observed the general situation of mice, completely stripping tumor tissue that the tumor, lung cells dissection, e-lectron microscope drawn, fabrication, observed in each group changes in the structure of tumor cells. Results Compared with model group, the rest of group mice general situation were good, high - dose plus chemotherapy group was best, the mice tumor weight compared with model group were statistically significant ( P < 0.01 ). Treatment groups of lung cancer cells have different degrees of morpho logical damage, high - dose chemotherapy group the most obvious cell damage, a large number of organelles necrosis, chromatin high degree of concentration. Conclusion Hui medicine AikangFang affects cancer cells , the high - dose chemotherapy can be effectively coordinated damage tumor cells.%目的 观察回药爱康方协同化疗对小鼠Lewis肺癌细胞超微结构的影响.方法 把55只C57小鼠接种Lewis肺癌细胞24h后随机分为模型组、化疗组、爱康方组、爱康方低剂量加化疗组、爱康方高剂量加化疗组.治疗14d后,观察小鼠一般情况,完整剥离肿瘤组织称瘤重,电镜取材、制作,观察各组肿瘤细胞结构的改变.结果 与模型组比较,其余各组小鼠一般情况较好,高剂量加化疗组最佳,小鼠瘤重较模型组轻,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.01);与模型组比较,其余各组的肺癌细胞形态都有不同程度的损伤,高剂量加化疗组细胞破坏最明显,出现大量细胞器坏死,染色质高度聚集.结论 回药爱康方高剂量协同化疗可有效损伤肿瘤细胞.

  10. The Comparative Study on Self-consciousness of Han,Hui and Uighur School Children%汉、回、维吾尔族学龄儿童自我意识的比较研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段宝军; 李玉保; 柴樱珊

    2014-01-01

    为了探讨汉、回、维吾尔族学龄儿童在自我意识及其各因子上的差异性特点,采用Piers-Harris儿童自我意识量表对808名汉、回、维吾尔族学龄儿童进行施测。结果表明:在自我意识总分及行为、智力与学校情况、躯体外貌与属性、合群因子上女生显著高于男生;维吾尔族学龄儿童在自我意识总分及行为、智力与学校情况、躯体外貌与属性、焦虑、幸福与满足因子上显著高于回族学龄儿童,在自我意识总分及智力与学校情况、躯体外貌与属性因子上显著高于汉族学龄儿童;五年级和六年级学龄儿童自我意识总分及智力与学校情况、躯体外貌与属性、合群、幸福与满足因子上显著高于四年级儿童,四年级学龄儿童在合群因子上显著低于六年级儿童,在幸福与满足因子上显著低于五年级儿童。%To explore the different characteristics of self-consciousness and each factor score in Han,Hui and Uyghur school chil-dren,808 Han,Hui and Uyghur school children were tested by the Piers-Harris Children's Self-consciousness Scale. The results show that(1)The self-consciousness total score and behavior,intelligence and school situation,body appearance and attributes,and the gregariousness factor of the female school children were significantly higher than those of the male school children.( 2 )The Uyghur school children's self-consciousness total score and behavior,intelligence and school situation,body appearance and attributes,anxie-ty,happiness and satisfaction factors were significantly higher than those of Hui school children;their self-consciousness total score, intelligence and school situation,body appearance and attributes were significantly higher than those of Han school children.(3)The grade 5 and grade 6 school children's self-consciousness total score,intelligence and school situation,body appearance and attributes, the gregariousness,happiness and

  11. 宁夏中部干旱带土地利用变化及驱动力分析%Analysis on Land Use Change and Its Driving Forces in Arid Area of Central Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾科利; 张俊华

    2011-01-01

    By using data derived from the 1978 MSS image and 1987,1996,2007 Landsat TM/ETM images and with the help of GIS,the land use change in arid area of central Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region was analyzed.At the same time,the driving forces of the land use change was identified by making use of the correlation analysis and principal component.The results showed that the overall trend of land use change in arid area of central Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region was in an enlargement of the areas of cultivated land,urban land,whereas sandy land area decreased 281 682 hm2,an average annual increase rate grassland area was 0.17%,and area of forest land reduced nearly 30 000 hm2 over 30 years.The land use information entropy indicating that the degree of disorder for land use system increased,and the structure of land use became complexity and diversity.It was considered that population,economic,regional socio-economic development degree,industrial structure,agricultural production,socio-input,government policy,and natural factors are the main driving forces inducing land use change in arid area of central Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region.More importantly,the principal component analysis showed that the impacts of human activity combining with some other conditions were the leading factors that induced dynamic change of the 1and use.%利用1978年MSS、1987年、1996年及2007年TM遥感影像,借助遥感和GIS技术及相关分析、主成分分析方法,对宁夏中部干旱带1978-2007年土地利用变化及驱动力进行了分析。结果表明:1978-2007年耕地、城镇用地面积快速增加,沙地面积减少了281 682hm2。草地以年均0.17%的速率不断增加,林地面积减少了近3万hm2。土地利用系统无序化程度增加,土地利用利用结构复杂性和多样性增大。人口、经济、产业结构、农业生产、投入、富裕程度、政策和自然因素是驱动研究区土地利用变化的主要因素,其中,人口作为社会经济活

  12. From "Handan walk" to floating outstanding——The inquiry to Libai' successful experience of learning WenXuan%从“邯郸学步”到“飘然不群”——李白学习《文选》诗赋的成功经验探源

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张鹏飞

    2012-01-01

    《文选》在唐代的深刻影响,主要表现在文人对它的模拟学习上。通过分类编年地微观考察李白赋、古风、乐府歌行与《文选》之间的关系,可以看到模拟是李白学作诗文的终南捷径,从学习模用前人的辞藻、成句、事类到文章体式,经历了一个从早期"邯郸学步"到成熟后"飘然不群"的过程。%Through classified survey on the relation of Li Bai's fu,gufeng,yuefugexing between WenXuan,we come to the conclusion that the simulation is the shortcut of his success in learning to create poetry.Li Bai's studies in WenXuan experienced a process from the early stage of "Handan walk" to floating outstanding at last.

  13. Family Origins- Characters. Poetics- A Comparison of the Literary Thoughts and Poem Influence of Wen Yiduo with Charles Pierre Baudelaire%家世·个性·诗学——闻一多与波德菜尔文艺思想和诗作影响比较论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖佩华

    2012-01-01

    法国象征派先驱波德莱尔对中国现代诗学奠基人闻一多有着重要的影响。两位诗人虽然生活在东西地球的两端,身处不同国度,不同时代,但其家世出身、个性气质、诗学观念却有颇多相似之处,闻一多受波特莱尔诗学观念的影响颇为明显。%As the pioneer of the French Symbolism, Charles Pierre Baudelaire exerts a great influence on Wen Yiduo, who is the founder of the contemporary Chinese poetics. In spite of different countries and eras they belong to , their family origins ,characters and the poetic ideas have much in common. It's clear that Wen Yiduo has been influenced profoundly by Baudelaire's poetic ideas.

  14. The Analysis of Hui Old Brand Make-up Based on Genetic Perspective%基于“品牌基因”视角的回族老字号品牌构成研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨保军; 黄志斌

    2013-01-01

    品牌基因是附着在产品上的、在品牌经营中具有显著的文化表征的具有遗传特征的知识体系,携带有包含产品基因和文化基因的多种遗传信息,是决定品牌进化的基本依据。品牌通过产品基因表现为产品功能和产品结构,并表达自己的个性和价值理念,通过文化基因表现为品牌文化的独特性,最终给消费者带来品牌归属感。回族老字号是中华老字号中具有鲜明民族、区域特色的品牌,基于基因理论来分析回族老字号的品牌基因的构成,为进一步开发相应的结构化量表提供了理论依据,对于国内相关企业的成长具有借鉴意义。%Brand gene is a kind of knowledge system attached to the product and it has significant cultural and hereditary characteristics in brand management .Brand gene contains a variety of genetic information such as product gene and culture gene , which is the basis of brand evolution .Brand shows product func-tion and product structure through the product gene , and expresses its personality and value concept .The brand also shows specificity of brand culture by culture gene and finally brings consumer a brand sense of belonging .The Hui old brand has distinctive ethnic and regional characteristics among chinese old brands.This article analyze the structure of the Hui old brand based on the gene structure .And it pro-vides a theory basis to further development of exploiting relevant structural scale , which has reference sig-nificance to the growth of domestic relevant enterprise .

  15. 一个回族家系亨廷顿舞蹈病的临床特征与基因突变分析%Clinical characteristics and genetic mutation analysis in a Hui family with Huntington disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈静; 雷晶; 张小宁

    2011-01-01

    目的 分析1个回族家系亨廷顿舞蹈病的临床表现与基因突变特点.方法 应用降落聚合酶链反应( touchdown PCR)、分子克隆及基因测序等技术对1个临床诊断为亨廷顿舞蹈病的回族家系成员进行IT15基因检测.结果 先证者首发症状为双下肢疼痛,逐渐发展为舞蹈样不自主运动、情绪异常、记忆力、智力减弱等,其染色体4p16.3的IT15基因异常片段CAG重复次数为46次;其子为症状前患者CAG重复次数为44次.结论 该家系存在母系传递过程中IT15基因上CAG重复次数减少的现象,并发现1例CAA插入.%Objective To perform clinical analysis and gene diagnosis of Huntington disease (HD) in a Hui pedigree from Xinjiang.Methods The IT15 gene mutation of the Hui family was analyzed by touchdown PCR,molecular cloning and gene sequencing.Results The proband carried 46 CAG repeats.Pain in bilateral lower limb was the first symptom,followed by symptoms such as dance-like involuntary movements,mood disorders,impaired memory and intelligence.Asymptomatic son of the proband carried 44 CAG repeats.Conclusion This family showed reduced CAG trinucleotide repeats of IT15 gene during maternal transmission.A CAA variation is also detected within the CAG repeat region.

  16. Pharmacokinetics of doxapram injection in Chinese Han, Mongolian, Korean, Uigur and Hui healthy subjects%多沙普仑在中国五民族健康受试者的药代动力学

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭涛; 杨长青; 赵龙山; 程佳; 夏东亚; 曾平; 肖勇; 赵东祥; 李强; 白音

    2014-01-01

    Aim To investigate and compare the phar-macokinetics of doxapram injection in healthy subjects of different Chinese nationalities including Han, Mon-golian, Korean, Hui and Uigur, and the influence of gender,in order to provide instruction and help for the usage of doxapram for both clinic and remedy of battle wound. Methods An HPLC-UV method was used to determine the plasma concentration of doxapram. Fifty healthy subjects ( five males and five females of each nationality) were recruited for the study. A single dose of 50 mg doxapram was administered intravenously to the healthy subjects, and blood samples were collected at various predetermined time points. The pharmacoki-netic parameters were calculated by DAS software and were compared by SPSS 13. 0 software, in order to as-sess the influence of nationality or gender on pharmaco-kinetics of doxapram. Results The results indicated that the pharmacokinetic profile of doxapram in vivo could be described as two-compartment model. The main pharmacokinetic parameters for Han, Mongolian, Korean, Hui and Uygur were as follows: Cl ( 0. 25 ± 0. 11 ) , ( 0. 33 ± 0. 11 ) , ( 0. 27 ± 0. 07 ) , ( 0. 26 ± 0. 06) and (0. 39 ± 0. 25) L·h-1 ·kg-1 , while Cmax (1. 55 ± 0. 52 ) , ( 1. 02 ± 0. 30 ) , ( 1. 31 ± 0. 47 ) , (1. 48 ± 0. 46 ) and ( 0. 99 ± 0. 35 ) mg · L-1 . The AUC0-12. 5 , AUC0-∞ and Cmax of Chinese Han were sig-nificantly higher than those of Uigur and Mongolian ( P0. 05 ) . There were statistically significant differences in Vc , Vd and CL between young males and females ( P 0.05)。男性与女性的Vc、Vd 和CL差异有统计学意义( P <0.05)。结论在战、创伤和平时临床应用本品时,应该对民族因素给予足够重视。

  17. 民国回族报刊话语下的“穆斯林女子剪发问题”争论透视%The Debate on“Muslim Women’ s Hair Cutting” in Hui Magazines during the Republic of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘莉

    2015-01-01

    There are a variety of text materials about the debats on “Muslim Women’s Hair Cutting” by Hui society in Hui Magazines in the Republic of China .These materials have been sorted and analyzed to find out some important informa-tion about the debate such as its wedge and contents , the meaning of “hair” as a symbol of their lives comparing with Han women’s, and so on.The analysis reveals that “hair cutting” held an important place in the society of Hui and their reli-gion.This study can be considered as a meaningful case for Hui Muslims ’ social life in the Republic of China .%20世纪30年代,回族报刊上出现了一股关于“穆斯林女子剪发问题”的讨论热潮,这场争论与当时的社会背景密切相关,受到西方文化和汉族妇女解放运动兴起的女子剪发潮流影响。透视这些争论会发现,其争论的具体进程及表现本身被抹上了浓烈的伊斯兰宗教色彩,是伊斯兰教“建筑”在头发上的种种符号和想象,其实质是回族社会对回族女性社会地位及社会分工的再塑造。

  18. 回族传承的民间武术心意六合拳考述%Exploration on the Mind-and-Intention Six Harmonies Fists Spreading amongst Hui People

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马锦丹

    2012-01-01

    The Mind-and-Intention Six Harmonies Fists is an excellent genre not only in Hui martial arts, but also in Chinese martial arts in a bigger sense. This paper is written with library and field researches to explore its or-igin and development, as well as other its detailed aspects such as principle, content, style and characteristics. All these would be beneficial to readers to know such a martial genre in Henan province.%心意六合拳不仅是回族武术的重要组成部分,同时也是中华传统武术中的优秀拳种。本文通过文献资料研究和田野调查的方法,探讨了回族所传承的民间武术心意六合拳(河南心意六合拳)的源流,并对其名称的由来及其原理、内容、风格、特点等进行了考述,对深入了解心意六合拳有积极意义。

  19. A Comparative Study of Music Morphologies and Singing Styles between Salars and Huis%撒拉族、回族民歌音乐形态及演唱风格比较研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张连葵

    2012-01-01

    There are great varieties of Salar folk songs and Hui folk songs in Qinghai Province. In the long historical development, they have formed their special and various music morphologies and singing styles. This essay mainly focuses on the comparative study of the generality and individuality of the folk songs. So it is greatly significant for inheriting the traditional ethnic music, digging out the precious ethnic music resources andfrequently innovating and developing them.%青海撒拉族民歌和回族民歌种类繁多,在长期的历史发展过程中,形成了多姿多彩、各具特色的音乐形态及演唱风格。对两个民族民歌共性与个性的比较研究,对于继承民族音乐传统,挖掘宝贵的民族音乐资源,从而不断创新与发展民族音乐具有重要的意义。

  20. Study of the Modern Hui Journalist Ding Zhuyuan’s Occupational Outlook and Society Practice%近代回族报人丁竹园的职业观及其社会实践研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张琴; 王晶

    2012-01-01

    丁竹园是近代回族社会早期重要报人的代表,他主张白话办报、为民办报,言论自由办报。他身体力行,撰文立说,发表演说,创办刊物,积极投入到社会实践当中,是近代回族社会杰出的回族爱国知识分子。通过对丁竹园生平活动、办报职业观、社会实践及其社会影响等几个方面,来评述他的先进事迹。%Ding Zhuyuan was an important representative of journalist in modern Hui society.He advocated running a newspaper in vernacular Chinese,running a newspaper for people and running a newspaper of freedom speech.At the same time,he published the paper,gave speech and started the publication,actively devoting himself to social practice.This paper will comment on Ding Zhuyuan’s outstanding deeds through presenting his lifetime activity,occupational outlook of running a newspaper,society practice and his social influence.

  1. Avoidance and Use of Buddhism Words in Hui Muslims Language in Northwest China%西北回族话对汉语佛教词的回避与化用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李生信

    2014-01-01

    In Hui Muslims’ Language, because of religious taboo and ethnic customs, some words of Buddhism in Chinese are avoided, even being refused to use in their daily life, yet some of them are kept in their daily life unconscious-ly, of which are embodied with meanings of Islam.The avoidance and use of these words is the expression of communica-tion of language and culture.%在西北回族话中,由于宗教禁忌或民族习俗等原因,对汉语中的某些佛教词采用了回避,甚至排斥的态度,但又有意或者无意地保留了一些原本属于表达佛教意义的词,只是在使用这些汉语佛教词时,赋予了伊斯兰教内容。这种词语的回避和化用,是语言接触与文化兼容在语言中的表现。

  2. The Hui Culture and Reconstruction of South Silk Route in the Context of“One Belt And one Road”%回族文化与“一带一路”背景下南方丝绸之路的重构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    纳文汇

    2016-01-01

    “一带一路”建设是新形势下中国对外开放的重要战略布局,也是中国经济社会发展的重大历史机遇,而南方丝绸之路是古丝绸之路的重要组成部分,重构南方丝绸之路是“一带一路”建设的重要内容。“一带一路”沿线国家多,民族多样、宗教多元,民族文化和宗教文化丰富而厚重,其中,伊斯兰文化和回族文化是“一带一路”建设和重构南方丝绸之路的重要资源。因此,要在传承和弘扬伊斯兰文化和回族优秀传统文化的基础上,进一步加强回族文化建设,积极引导伊斯兰教与社会主义相适应,充分调动和发挥回族穆斯林和回族文化在“一带一路”建设中的积极作用。%“One Belt And One Road” construction under the new situation of China's opening to the outside is important strategic layout, and is also great historical opportunity of China's economic and social development, and the southern silk road is an important part of the ancient silk road, re-construct the southern silk road is an important content of the construction of the“area”.“Area” all the way along the national, ethnic diversity and reli-gious pluralism, national culture and religious culture, rich and thick, among them, the islamic culture and the culture of the hui nationality is the“area” construction and reconstruction the important resources in the southern silk road.In inheriting and carrying forward the culture of Islam and, therefore, on the basis of the excellent traditional culture of hui nationality, further strengthening the construction of the hui culture, actively guide Islam adapted to socialism, and fully mobilize and exert the hui Muslim hui culture positive role in constructing the“area”.

  3. 传统商业街区风貌变迁的文化诠释——以中山市孙文西路为例%A Cultural Interpretation to the Change of Traditional Commercial District Features se of Sun Wen Xi Street, Zhongshan City, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁绍莲; 保继刚

    2012-01-01

    传统商业街区是城市历史与文化的重要载体.经历了近30年的发展与建设,国内大量传统街区的风貌已发生了变迁,“千街一面”的趋势H益明显,阻碍了历史与文化传承,以中山市的孙文西路为例,以历史地理学视角为指导,通过参与式观察与非参与式观察、访谈等多种调查手段获得大量一手资料,从而梳理出孙文西路的传统风貌变迁过程,对这一变迁过程背后的文化推动机制进行了剖析.研究发现,孙文西路传统风貌的变迁是特定历史时期文化变迁的一种映射,变迁的趋势并不是主观的物质环境规划与设计所能决定的,而是相应的文化机制驱动的结果,培育良性的文化发育机制是历史城镇传统风貌保护的有效途径之一.%The Traditional Commercial District (TCD) is an important carrier of a city's history and culture. After a 30-year-long development and construction, many domestic TCDs experienced apparent features changes, while mostly resulting in the facelessness that impeded the inheritance of history and culture. The Sun Wen Xi Street, Zhongshan City, China, is such a typical case for research. Based on the perspective of historical geography and a wealth of original materials collected through participatory/non-participatory observation and interviews, this study illustrates the features change of Sun Wen Xi Street, analyzes the impetus mechanism of culture to such a change from the cultural interpretation aspect. It is found that the traditional features change of Sun Wen Xi Street was a reflection of cultural transition in specific periods of history, and thus the change was determined not by subjective physical planning or urban design but by cultural mechanism. The implication is that to cultivate an appropriate cultural development mechanism can be an effective way to protect the traditional features of historical district.

  4. Connection of Words with Same Phonetic Symbols in Parts of“彳” (chi) and“辵” (chuo) in Shuo Wen Jie Zi (说文解字)%《说文解字》“彳”“辵”两部声符相同字的交叉联系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫超文

    2014-01-01

    For a phonogram , its semantic complement represents the meaning while the phonological symbol represents the pronunciation .If words have the same phonological symbol and similar semantic complement , their meanings are connected .In this paper , the words with the same phonological symbol and similar semantic comple-ment in parts of “彳” ( chi) and “辵” ( chuo) in Shuo Wen Jie Zi (说文解字) are analyzed and classified .%在形声字中,义符表意,声符表音,如果声符相同,义符又相近,那么它们之间的词义也是存在联系的,文章便从“彳”“辵”两部字出发,尝试着对它们之间的联系进行归纳分类。

  5. Analysis on the Official Document Writing Ideas From the Creation Theory of Liu Xie's Wen.Xin-Diao-Long%解析刘勰《文心雕龙》创作论中的公文写作思想

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴加才; 秦洁

    2011-01-01

    刘勰《文心雕龙》创作论部分虽不是专论公文写作,但从不同角度综论写作之道,提出的炼意、附会、定势、精约等写作方法和原则同样适用于公文写作,对当代秘书人员的公文写作具有指导和借鉴意义,也是研究公文写作思想的重要资源。%Although the creation theory in Liu Xie's Wen-Xin-Diao-Long was not specialized in official document writing, it discussed writing methods comprehensively from different aspects and put forward such writing methods and disciplines as refining the thoughts

  6. 宁夏水土保持的产业结构影响评价%Impact Evaluation on Industrial Structure of Soil and Water Conservation in Ningxia Hui Automonous Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴启蒙; 朱志玲; 吴咏梅; 王梅梅; 程淑杰; 王重玲

    2012-01-01

    The reasons for soil and water erosion under the different ecological environment and industrial conditions were investigated, which could provide support in theory for the partitioning control of the soil and water erosion in Ningxia Hui Automonous Region. A series of qualitative and quantitative analysis methods were used in this study, such as spatial overlay analysis, integrating expert system and hierarchical cluster analysis. Water conservation, wa- ter and wind erosion control were combined to study the ecosystem service function of soil and water conservation. Meanwhile, the influence of industrial structure on the ecosystem service function of soil and water conservation was evaluated. Based on these analysis, Ningxia Hui Automonous Region was divided into 3 control regions: important, moderately important and unimportant regions of soil and water erosion. The results showed that: the unreasonable tillage and the mode of industrial and mining exploitation could be changed in important regions of soil and water erosion. The relationship between the oasis exploitation and ecological environment should be coordinated well, and ecological engineering construct should proceed actively in the moderately important regions of soil and water erosion. The industrial structure had no significant influence on the soil and water conservation in the unimportant regions. With regard to the bad ecological environment foundation, we should control the growth of the population, implement the transition of the industry actively, and strengthen the governance of geological environment and ecological restoration.%探讨不同生态环境基础和产业条件下的水土流失原因,可为宁夏水土流失分区治理提供理论支持。运用空间叠置、专家集成和系统聚类等定性和定量方法,从水源涵养、防治土壤水力侵蚀和风力侵蚀3个方面分析宁夏水土保持生态系统服务功能,同时评价产业结构对宁夏水土保持生

  7. Action framework for climate change adaptation:an agriculture case in Ningxia Hui nationality autonomous region%气候变化适应行动实施框架——宁夏农业案例实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    居煇; 陈晓光; 王涛明; 姜帅

    2011-01-01

    Ningxia Hui nationality autonomous region is one of the ecological fragile and poor regions in China, sothis region could be used as representative and model sample for adaptation demonstration of agriculture system in China. According to climate change adaptation action framework,drought risk and water resource shortage will increase in future. At the same time, frequency and intensity of extreme climate events will also strengthen. High efficient water-saving irrigation technology and high efficient planting patterns should be developed in the north, facility agriculture and husbandry in the middle and characteristic agriculture in the south of Ningxia Hui nationality autonomous region in future. People working in meteorology and water resource fields think that adaptation effect will be good, while people in agriculture and forestry fields think it should be considered carefully. The primary criterion for adaptation implementation is to meet with the local and state policies. The second is the cost-effectiveness. Public awareness to climate risk and flexibility of measures requirement are relatively weakened in the course of implementation. In general, meteorological services and planting structure adjustment are preferred adaptation measures. In spite of the traditional and regular technologies such as concrete mulching and water-saving are good,their applications face certain limitations for adaptation implementing in first-class choice.%宁夏是我国生态脆弱区和贫困区之一,以宁夏为例开展农业适应行动实践具有一定的代表性和示范作用.根据气候变化适应行动实施框架,研究结果表明:宁夏未来气候干旱风险将增加,水资源短缺矛盾加剧,极端气候事件频率和强度加大.未来宁夏北部灌区农业应以发展节水灌溉和高效种植为主,中部以设施农业和牧业为主,南部以发展特色农业为主.气象部门和水利部门对适应技术的适应效果持乐观态度,农牧

  8. 《文镜秘府论》乃为“济世”“经邦”而作%"Wen-jing-mi-fu-lun" Was Written to "Help the Community at that Time" and to "Manage His Own Country"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴双

    2011-01-01

    海外汉籍《文镜秘府论》产生于日本文化在中国文化全面影响下凝结成形的时期,它既是为了适应政治教化之需而编,也是为了帮助日本学习者学习中国文化之需而编。从空海种种“济世”“经邦”之举以及日本人对《文镜》之评价,我们发现《文镜秘府论》千百年来一直是日本汉语学习者的必读书,且对日本的汉诗学、悉昙学、和歌学等产生了深远的影响。%The overseas Chinese book, "Wen-jing-mi-fu-lun", was produced in the period when the Japanese culture came into existence under the influence of the Chinese culture. It was written not only for the sake of being adapted to the political education, but also for helping the Japanese learners to study the Chinese culture. From all the moves by Konghai to "help the community at that time" and to "manage his own country" and from the evaluation by the Japanese of this book, we can find that the book "Wen-jing-mi-fu-lun" has, for thousands of years, been a good book that the Japanese learners must read when learning Chinese, and it has exerted far-reaching influence on Chinese poetry, Siddham science, and songs in Japan.

  9. 宁夏回族女作家马金莲的小说创作论略%Delicate "Farm Work Poetry":a Survey of Novels by Ningxia Hui Nationality Woman Writer MA Jinlian

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王兴文

    2011-01-01

    马金莲是新世纪以来崭露头角并获得宁夏评论界首肯的回族女作家。她的小说以独特的叙述视角观照西海固古老乡土的民间生存,以平淡自然的文风谱写着清丽的"农事诗",并通过对女性生存状况的书写表达自己对女性的人文关怀。随着题材范围的拓展与对西海固人日常生存的深入思考,马金莲在坚持平淡自然的文风的道路上一定会更有建树。%MA Jinlian is a Hui nationality woman writer praised by Ningxia critical circle thanks to the novelty in her novels since the new century.Her novels reflect the folk living of the country of Xi-hai-gu with a unique narrative perspective,compose delicate farm work poetry with a plain and natural writing style,and express her humanistic concern to women through writing the females' survival condition.With the expansion of the writing material and the deep thought about the daily life of the Xi-hai-gu people,Ma Jinlian will make more achievements on the way of insisting on the plain and natural writing style.

  10. 论西北回族民间叙事诗的“三美”精神%On“Three-Beauty”Spirits inside the Folk Narrative Poem Of the Hui Nationality in Northwest China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘继辉

    2015-01-01

    Folk narrative poems grow out of the need to make emotional and aesthetic expression in low-class community, which exposes their aesthetic view, value view and world view, manifesting their yearning and expectation to beauty, love, and happy life. Folk narrative poems of the northwestern Hui nationality are the external form to express their pursuing, expressing and revealing the beauty. In the aesthetic form, this style of poery chiefly embodies the sad beauty on love and marriage tragedy;the perfection beauty with the love victory; the sublime beauty of reproducing the heroic epic.These three aesthetic spirits concetrate on the works like“Brother Mawu and Sister GA Dou”,“Purple Flowers”and“Ode to the Hero Bai Yan-hu”.%民间叙事诗产生于下层民众情感发抒、审美体现的需要,表现下层民众的审美观、价值观和世界观,彰显着他们对美、对爱、对幸福生活的向往和期待。西北回族民间叙事诗是他们追求美、表现美、揭示美的外在形式,在审美形态上主要体现为反映爱情婚姻悲剧的“凄美”、寄托爱情胜利的“完美”、再现英雄史诗的“壮美”。这三种美学精神集中地表现在《马五哥与尕豆妹》《紫花儿》《歌唱英雄白彦虎》等作品中。

  11. 微波消解-ICP-AES法测定回汉族人群血清中的微量元素%Determination of serum trace elements of Hui and Han ethnic by ICP-AES after microwave digestion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李玲; 樊学敏; 靳雅男; 赵燚

    2014-01-01

    The concentration of serum mineral elements of rural residents in Ningxia was determined by ICP-AES in this work. Microwave digestion was used for sample decomposition. By this way, RSD≤3. 5%and the average recoveries were in the range of 90%-117%. The method is simple,rapid,sensitive and accurate for the determination of various elements in the same ser-um. The results show that,there are significant difference between Hui ethnic group and Han ethnic group in 14 elements(P<0. 05) . At the same time,the reasons which caused differences were explained.%本文测定了宁夏农村地区回汉族人群血清中Li、Co、Cd、Ga、Ba、Sr、Cu、Zn、Fe、Al、Se、Sn、B、Mn、Cr、Ni、Pb、Ca、K、Mg、Na、P、S的含量。采用微波消解对样品进行了前处理,使用电感耦合等离子体原子发射光谱法( ICP-AES)进行测定。该方法的RSD≤3.5%,样品加标回收率为90%~117%。该法简便、快速、灵敏、准确,可用于血清中多种元素含量的同时测定。研究结果表明,K、Fe、Cu、Mn、Ni、Ga、Al、Se、Pb、S、Cd、Cr、Sr、Ca这14种元素含量在回族和汉族之间存在着显著性差异(P<0.05),探讨了产生上述差异的原因。

  12. Analysis for phenylalanine hydroxylase gene mutations in 35 ethnic Hui children from Ningxia with phenylketonuria%35例回族苯丙酮尿症患儿苯丙氨酸羟化酶基因突变分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毛新梅; 何江; 刘媛; 李晓强; 余伍忠

    2014-01-01

    Objective To determine the type and frequency of phenylalanine hydroxylase gene (PAH) mutations in ethnic Hui patients from Ningxia with phenylketonuria (PKU).Methods For 35 PKU children patients and 50 healthy individuals,all exons and promoters of the PAH gene were analyzed with PCR and direct sequencing.Results Twenty mutations,including 8 missense mutations (40%),5 nonsense mutations (25 %),4 splice site mutations (20 %) and 3 deletion mutants (15 %) were discovered.The overall detection rate was 68.57% (48/70).Common mutations have included R243Q (12.86%),R241C (11.43%),EX6-96A>G (5.71%),Y356X (5.71%),R413P (4.29%) and Q232X (4.29%),whilst rarer ones have included S16fsX10 (2.86%),R111X (2.86%) and L430P (2.86%).Among these,S16fsX10,L430P,D222G and IVS11+1G→A have not been reported previously.Y414X and S303fsX38 have not been reported in Hui ethnic group.No mutation was detected in the 50 normal controls.Conclusion The types and distribution of PAH gene mutations in ethnic Hui from Ningxia have been different from other areas of China.The mutations also showed a rich diversity.%目的 探讨宁夏回族地区苯丙氨酸羟化酶(phenylalanine hydroxylase,PAH)基因突变特点,为该地区苯丙酮尿症(phenylketonuria,PKU)的基因诊断和产前诊断提供依据.方法 应用PCR产物直接测序法,对宁夏地区35例回族PKU患儿和50名正常健康个体的PAH基因第1~13外显子及其旁侧内含子区域进行基因突变分析.结果 共检出20种突变类型,包括错义突变8种(40%)、无义突变5种(25%)、剪切位点突变4种(20%)、缺失突变3种(15%),等位基因突变检出率为68.57%(48/70).最常见的基因突变类型是p.R243Q(12.86%)、p.R241C(11.43%)、EX6-96A>G(5.71%)、p.Y356X(5.71%)、p.R413P(4.29%)和p.Q232X(4.29%);较常见的突变类型为S16fsX10(2.86%)、p.R111X(2.86%)和p.L430P(2.86%).其中S16fsX10、p.L430P、p.D222G和IVS11+1G→A突

  13. Relation of metabolic syndrome with plasma adiponectin level and gene polymorphism in Ningxia Hui subjects%宁夏回族代谢综合征与脂联素水平及基因多态性的相关性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈佳; 武海亮; 刘雅娟; 曹相原; 马晓薇; 荆忻; 杨锐英

    2013-01-01

    Objective To study the relation of metabolic syndrome with plasma adiponectin level and mononucleotide polymorphisms at SNP45T/G and 276G/T in Ningxia Hui subjects .Methods Three hundred and five Hui subjects from Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region with no genetic relationship and interracial marriage in 3 generations were divided into metabolic syndrome group (n=207) and control group(n= 98) .Their plasma adiponectin level was measured by ELISA and their gene polymorphisms at SNP45T/G and 276G/T were detected by PCR-RFLP .Results The body mass index ,waist/hip ratio ,systolic blood pressure ,and diastolic blood pressure ,plasma levels of adiponectin ,fasting blood glucose and insulin , TG , TC , LDL-C were significantly higher whereas the plasma HDL-C level was significantly lower in metabolic syndrome group than in control group(P<0 .05 ,P<0. 01).The frequencies of genotypes at SNP+45 TG+GG and G al-leles were significantly higher while those of TT genes and T alleles were significantly lower in metabolic syndrome group than in control group ( P<0 .01) .Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the gene polymorphisms at SNP+45T/G were the risk factors for metabolic syndrome in Hui subjects .Conclusion The adiponectin level is lower in Hui metabolic syndrome patients .The risk to develop metabolic syndrome increases in Hui subjects carrying SNP + 45G alleles .%目的 探讨脂联素水平及其单核苷酸多态性(SNP+45T/G和SNP+276G/T) 2个位点与宁夏回族代谢综合征(MS)的关系.方法 选择祖居宁夏、无亲缘关系、3代内无异族通婚史的回族个体共305例,分为MS组207例和对照组98例;应用ELISA及PCR-RFLP技术检测血浆脂联素水平及其2个位点的SNP.结果 与对照组比较,MS组体重指数、腰臀比、收缩压、舒张压、空腹血糖、空腹胰岛素、TG、LDL-C、胰岛素抵抗指数明显升高,TC、HDL-C、脂联素水平明显降低,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05,P<0.01).与对照组比较,MS

  14. Islamic culture and the narrative ethics of Hui novels after the turn of the century%伊斯兰文化与世纪之交以来回族小说的叙事伦理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金春平

    2014-01-01

    With their fundamental values originated from Islamic culture, the Hui novels since the turn of the century tend to construct a religious narrative ethics of“conservatism”:by the“clean spirit”, saving the true humanity and clean Soul against profane temptation and moral corruption;by the“awareness of the other shore”, pursuing the communion of life and death, and the transmigration and relief from secular suffering, by“sacred experience”, understanding the animism and mysterious vision in religion and deities; and by the consciousness of “converting to maternal family”, seeking the identity affiliation and native poetry from the spirit vagrancy and cultural rootlessness. Hence the narrative ethics bred by the Islamic culture implicate certain religious reflection and aesthetic criticism against the novel narrations which take“Modernity”as their dominant values.%世纪之交以来的回族小说,以伊斯兰文化为价值底色,构建着“保守主义”倾向的宗教性叙事伦理,主要表现为以“清洁精神”伦理拯救世俗诱惑和道德沦陷困境中的人性之真与心灵之净,以“彼岸意识”伦理探寻生死相通和现世苦难追问中的轮回运转与超越解脱,以“神圣体验”伦理参悟万物有灵和宗教神祗领域中的幽冥哲思与神秘图景,以“母族皈依”伦理重觅精神漂泊和文化无根突围中的身份归属与本土诗意,伊斯兰文化孕育的叙事伦理,蕴含着对以“现代性”为价值主导小说叙事的宗教式反思与审美式批判。

  15. Study on Fluctuation Ratio of Grassland Vegetation in the Haba Lake Natural Reserve of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region%哈巴湖自然保护区草地植被数量波动探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏鹏飞; 张克斌; 王晓; 庞吉林; 王海星

    2012-01-01

    植被波动是植被动态的一种表现形式,该文在生态学、统计学基础上,结合草地植被特征,采用专家权重法构建草地植被波动测度公式,以哈巴湖自然保护区为例,研究2006—2010年草地植被数量波动及波动率,从数量特征上对草地植被波动进行探讨。结果表明:哈巴湖自然保护区植被波动率正向波动2007年最大,为0.381,是近年来植被生长状况最好的一年;负向波动以2009年的-0.350的绝对值最大,表明2009年是近年来植被生长状况最差的一年。草地植被数量的波动,一定程度上反映了该年度植被生长状况,为草地经营管理和植被恢复提供了便利,同时也为预测未来草地植被变化提供了依据。%Vegetation fluctuation is an important part of vegetation dynamics.Based on the meanings of ecology and statistics,and combined with the characteristics of grassland vegetation,fluctuation measure formula was built by the method of expert weighting.The grassland vegetation quantitative fluctuation and its fluctuation ratio between 2006 and 2010 were studied in Haba Lake Natural Reserve of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region,the fluctuation was discussed from the number of features on the grassland.Results showed that the biggest positive fluctuation ratio was 0.381 in 2007,meaning the best vegetation growth during recent years.While the most negative fluctuation ratio was-0.350 in 2009,meaning the worst vegetation growth during this period.Vegetation fluctuation of grassland reflects the situation of vegetation growth and provides scientific basis for grassland management,as an effective method to forecast future grassland fluctuations.

  16. Einstein today; Einstein aujourd'hui

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aspect, A.; Grangier, Ph. [Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Lab. Charles Fabry de l' Institut d' Optique a Orsay, 91 - Orsay (France); Bouchet, F.R. [Institut d' Astrophysique de Paris, CNRS, 75 - Paris (France); Brunet, E.; Derrida, B. [Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, Ecole Normale Superieure, 75 - Paris (France); Cohen-Tannoudji, C. [Academie des Sciences, 75 - Paris (France); Dalibard, J.; Laloe, F. [Laboratoire Kastler Brossel. UMR 8552 (ENS, UPMC, CNRS), 75 - Paris (France); Damour, Th. [Institut des Hautes Etudes Scientifiques, 91 - Bures sur Yvette (France); Darrigol, O. [Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Groupe Histoire des Sciences Rehseis, 75 - Paris (France); Pocholle, J.P. [Thales Research et Technology France, 91 - Palaiseau (France)

    2005-07-01

    The most important contributions of Einstein involve 5 fields of physics : the existence of quanta (light quanta, stimulated radiation emission and Bose-Einstein condensation), relativity, fluctuations (Brownian motion and thermodynamical fluctuations), the basis of quantum physics and cosmology (cosmological constant and the expansion of the universe). Diverse and renowned physicists have appreciated the development of modern physics from Einstein's ideas to the knowledge of today. This book is a collective book that gathers their work under 7 chapters: 1) 1905, a new beginning; 2) from the Einstein, Podolsky and Rosen's article to quantum information (cryptography and quantum computers); 3) the Bose-Einstein condensation in gases; 4) from stimulated emission to the today's lasers; 5) Brownian motion and the fluctuation-dissipation theory; 6) general relativity; and 7) cosmology. (A.C.)

  17. La chanson belge d'aujourd'hui

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Corinne Bricmaan

    2011-01-01

    Pays multilingue et multiculturel,la Belgique est un carrefour de cultures;ce qui a évidemment influencé ses expressions artistiques,la chanson y compris.Les origines de sa musique sont bien plus anciennes que la proclamation d'indépendance de la nation elle-même,en 1830.Elles prennent source:— d'un c(o)té,dans la complexité musicale de la tradition médiévale flamande;— de l'autre,dans l'héritage ludique des jongleurs et des ménestrels qui chantaient en langue d'oil au Moyen (A)ge.Les traces de ces trouvères qui ont habité le pays restent visibles pour ceux qui savent les voir.

  18. 不同栽培措施对早实核桃温185一年生枝条抗寒力的影响%Effects of Different Cultivation on Annual Branch Cold Resistance of Wen-185 Early Fruit Walnut (Juglans regia L.)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    车凤斌; 潘俨; 张婷; 郑素慧; 胡柏文; 桑长青

    2012-01-01

    [ Objective] Effects of different cultivation on annual branch cold resistance of Wen - 185 early fruit walnut (Juglans regia L. ) were evaluated to select basic parameters for employing appropriate cultivation method. [ Method ] 24 cultivation treatments including controls of irrigation and additional fertilizing in late stages, controls of winter irrigation, controls of pruning, and controls of growing retarded were set on 4 years Wen - 185 walnut. 6 indexes including freezing injury index in field, relative conductance, proline value, soluble total sugar value and bond water/free water ratio of annual branches stressed under - 24℃ were measured to evaluate the effects on cold resistance. [ Result] Field investigation of freezing injury is approximately consistent with the result of physiology indexes tested in lab. Proper growing retarded control increases proline and soluble total sugar values of annual branch. Irrigation in late stages takes effects on soluble total sugar value and bond water/free water ratio of annual branches. Proper winter irrigation affects soluble total sugar value certainly. Additional fertilizing in late stages and pruning can regulate and control branch bond water/free water ratio. [ Conclusion ] Single cultivation method including Paclobutrazol (PP333) 12 g per tree, twice irrigations at mid - August and mid - September, 400 g per tree phosphorus potassium fertilizing once at the end of August, proper pruning at season of growth will increase annual branch cold resistance of Wen - 185 walnut.%[目的]研究不同栽培处理对新疆早实核桃温185(Juglans regia L.)枝条抗寒力的影响,从安全越冬的角度初步提出促进抗寒力的栽培措施基本参数,为制定合理的技术标准提供理论依据.[方法]设置4年生温185核桃的生长后期水肥控制、修剪调控和生长延缓剂处理共24个田间栽培处理,通过测定和分析各处理的田间冻害指数、一年生枝条-24℃胁迫的相对

  19. A Recall of the Reform and Effects of Ganju’s Repertoire---an oral history given by an old Ganju artist HUANG Wen -xi%回溯赣剧剧目的改革与成效--赣剧老艺术家黄文锡口述史

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨咏

    2015-01-01

    黄文锡先生是以改编见长的剧作家,经他改编的剧目有弋阳腔、青阳腔、弹腔、文南词等,他的《送饭斩娥》《夜梦冠带》《荆钗记》《紫钗记》《还魂后记》等剧目均是在保留原作前提下的再创造,高腔清唱剧《还魂曲》将清唱剧与赣剧高腔嫁接演唱,突破了赣剧剧目的封闭状态,具有极强的艺术性和观赏性,为赣剧的生存和发展注入了鲜活的艺术元素,对于赣剧艺术的革新无疑具有深远意义。由他改编的《荆钗记》和《还魂后记》分别荣获首届文华剧目大奖和剧作奖、第九届文华新剧目奖。%HUANG Wen-xi is a dramatist good at adapting .His adapted repertoire includes Yiyang Tune ,Qingyang Tune ,Tan Tune andWennanCi.AndhisSongfanzha’e,Yemengguandai,Jingchaiji,ZichaijiandHuanhunhoujiareallplaysofrecreationwith the key elements of the original retained .The unaccompanied high-pitched play Huanhunqu combined the unaccompanied play with Ganju’s high pitch ,breaking through the closed state of Ganju’s repertoire .Thus ,it has a strong artistic and ornamental quality , brought vivid artistic elements to the existence and development of Ganju and had a profound significance for the reform in the art of Ganju . Jingchaiji and Huanhunhouji adapted by HUANG Wen-xi won the first Wenhua prize for Repertoire and Play-writing and the 9th Webhua prize for New Repertoire .

  20. Observation of Hui acupuncture in the treatment of movement functional impairment of shoulder joint after fracture of surgical neck of humerus%恢刺法治疗肱骨外科颈骨折术后肩关节活动功能障碍30例临床观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯志; 罗开民; 杨琳; 戚天臣

    2012-01-01

    Objective To observe the clinical effect of Hui acupuncture in the treatment of movement functional impairment of shoulder joint after fracture of surgical neck of humenis. Methods All 56 patients with movement functional impairment of shoulder joint induced by fracture of surgical neck of humerus were divided randomly into a combination of Hui acupuncture and rehabilitation group ( n = 30) and a rehabilitation group ( n = 26). The combination of Hui acupuncture and rehabilitation group were acupunctured in the rigid part of the wicked shoulder, assistant acupoints were quchi, hegu, yanglingquan; after acupuncture, some shoulder rehabilitation exercise was done. The rehabilitation group did some passive shoulder rehabilitation exercise firstly and then some active shoulder rehabilitation exercise was done. The course was 15 days in two groups. Shoulder pain visual analogue scale ( VAS) , shoulder function score and shoulder joint range of motion (ROM) were observed before and after treatment. Results Compared with scores before treatment, the VAS of the shoulder, shoulder function score, and the score of ROM after treatment were improved in two groups ( P < 0.05 ). The improvement in the combination of Hui acupuncture and rehabilitation group was superior to that in a rehabilitation group ( P <0.05). Conclusion The Hui acupuncture has definite effect on the treatment of movement functional impairment of shoulder joint after fracture of surgical neck of humerus.%目的 现察恢刺法治疗骨折术后肩关节活动功能障碍的临床疗效.方法 将56例肱骨外科颈骨折术后患者随机分为2组,对照组26例予被动活动肩关节后再行主动运动训练;治疗组30例在对照组治疗基础上加恢刺法.2组均15 d为1个疗程,4个疗程后观察治疗前后肩部疼痛视觉模拟评分(VAS)、肩关节功能评分及肩关节主动运动关节活动度(ROM)评分.结果 2组治疗后肩部疼痛VAS评分、肩关节功能评分及肩关

  1. Variations autour de la tâche dans l'enseignement / apprentissage des langues aujourd'hui What kind of tasks are used for L2 teaching and learning today?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elke Nissen

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Cet article se donne pour objectif d'identifier les types de tâches, et leurs dénominateurs communs, qui sont présentés aujourd'hui – où "l'approche par les tâches" est soutenue par le Conseil de l'Europe – aux apprenants. Il analyse pour cela les articles issus de deux numéros de revues et un ouvrage collectif récents. Il apparaît que la grande majorité des scénarios pédagogiques s'y inscrit dans la perspective actionnelle... du moins d'après la déclaration des auteurs, car leur définition de ce qu'est une tâche ne correspond pas toujours à celle du CECR. Pour le public visé, étudiants ou professionnels, on propose le plus souvent des mono-tâches, mais également des projets, ou encore des simulations avec un enchaînement de plusieurs tâches. Elles s'inscrivent généralement dans la (future réalité sociale des apprenants, mais certaines laissent également la place à des thèmes artistiques ou (interculturels. Contrairement à ce que l'on aurait pu attendre dans une démarche qui responsabilise l'apprenant, le recours à Internet n'est pas toujours systématique.At a time when action- and task-based learning is sustained by the European Council, this paper explores which types of tasks are given to second language learners today and what aspects these tasks have in common. The paper analyses two recent issues of scientific journals and one collective book. The analysis shows that the majority of pedagogical scenarios described in these texts claim to adopt an action- and task-based approach. However, in reality the way they define a task does not always correspond to the definition given by the European Framework of Reference for Languages. The described tasks are exclusively dedicated to higher and professional education; they are mostly single tasks, but they can also be projects and simulations including several successive tasks. They generally correspond to the learners' (future reality, with themes that are

  2. Group differences in responses of Pseudois naynaur to human disturbance in Helan Mountain, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region%人为干扰下宁夏贺兰山岩羊反应的群体差异

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋天一; 丁由中; 王正寰; 何桂芳; 赵金萍; 马凤琴; 王小明

    2011-01-01

    野生动物对人类的非资源利用性的干扰具有不同的反应,这些反应的差异依赖于物种自身和外界生境中不同的因子.2009年7-8月和2009年12月-2010年1月在宁夏回族自治区贺兰山苏峪口国家森林公园,选定95.87 km2 的调查区域内设四条样线,总长度为18.3 km,通过观察岩羊的瞬时反应距离,比较了不同干扰源、群体大小和群类型下,岩羊无反应行为、警戒反应行为和逃跑反应行为距离的差异.结果表明:(1) 相对于车辆,岩羊对行人的干扰更加敏感(U=8.69,P<0.001); (2) 当群体大小分为≤3的小群和>3大群时,小群岩羊的警戒反应行为距离显著大于大群(Z=2.165,P=0.03),当群体大小分为≤5的小群和>5的大群时,小群岩羊的逃跑反应行为距离显著大于大群(Z=2.003,P=0.045); (3) 雌幼群、雄性群和混合群这3种不同的群类型之间的无反应行为距离无显著差异,雄性群的警戒行为距离显著大于雌性群和混合群的警戒行为距离(Z=2.746,P=0.006; Z=3.589,P<0.001),雌性群的逃跑反应行为距离显著大于混合群的逃跑反应距离(Z=2.376,P=0.017); (4) 混合群内的雌性和雄性的3种反应行为无显著差异.%Wild animals respond differently to nonconsumptive human activity and such variation depends on multiple factors. We explored the behaviors of Pseudois naynaur and recorded the distance of their responses in Suyu Kou National Forest Park, Helan Mountain, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region. We categorized their behavioural responses as no response, vigilance and flight and recorded the response initiation distance. We compared distances according to disturbance source, group size, group type and sex. Our results showed that Pseudois naynaur showed stronger responses to humans than vehicles. The distance at which the subject of the group was vigilant in small group (group size less than three) was significantly more than that of larger groups (group size more

  3. Analysis of the characteristics of hospitalized patients with systemic lupus erythematosus in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region%宁夏地区系统性红斑狼疮住院患者发病特点分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张芮君; 曾小峰; 王莉; 朱蓉; 竺红

    2014-01-01

    Objective To analyze the characteristics of hospitalized patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region,and to characterize the epidemiology of SLE.Methods The data of 184 patients admitted to Ningxia Medical College Hospital during January 2008 to December 2013 were retrospectively analyzed.The data analysis included the initial symptoms,system involvement and clinical situations.Chi-square test,t test,Mann-Whitney U test and Logistic analysis were used for statistical analysis.Results ① The ratio of male and female was 1∶9.8.The most common clinical symptoms was rash in 72 cases (39%),and followed by joint pain in 61 cases (33%),swelling in 28 cases (15%) and fatigue in 21 cases (11%).② Eighteen percent (33/184) patients were late-onset SLE patients.Compared with regular SLE patients,the interval was longer in late-onset SLE patients between clinical symptoms onset and the time when they saw the doctor.③ Blood and kidney were the most commonly affected organs.④ The highest diagnosis rate occurred in rheumatology department,the highest diagnosis rate occurred in the kidney department for patients with dropsy as starting symptom.Conclusion SLE primarily occurs in childbearing aged women.The reason of misdiagnosis of SLE is mainly due to the incorrect hospital selection for the first visit.Delayed diagnosis will lead to delay in the treatment.%目的 分析宁夏回族自治区SLE住院患者的发病及预后情况.方法 采用回顾性病例分析方法,选取2008年1月至2013年12月在宁夏医科大学总医院住院的SLE患者,收集其首发症状、系统累及和就诊情况,并采用t检验,Mann-Whitney U检验,x2检验和Logistic相关性分析进行统计学分析.结果 ①在184例住院患者中,男∶女为1∶9.8,首发临床表现以皮疹最为多见,占39%(72/184),其次为关节痛、浮肿、乏力,分别占33%(61/184)、15%(28/184)、11%(21/184).②晚发性SLE患者占18%(33

  4. Thinking of the construction of the contemporary youth Internet moral thinking------In zhang wen tian"youth culture"%网络环境下青年道德思想建设的思考--于张闻天的“青年修养”的启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐婕

    2013-01-01

    With the advent of the era of Internet,more and more youth indulge in network,their ideologi-cal and moral;the behavior way has a diversity of change.Zhang wen tian“youth culture”ethics guide youth to set up the ideal,positive enterprising,does not fear the difficulty, go forward,honest and friendly,be kind, for the contemporary youth network Internet moral ideology construction is of profound significance.%随着互联网时代的到来,越来越多的青年沉迷于网络,他们的思想道德、行为方式都有着多元化的改变。张闻天的“青年修养”伦理思想引导青年树立理想、积极进取、不怕困难、勇往直前、诚信友爱、宽厚待人,对当代网络青年网民道德思想建设有着深刻的意义。

  5. 周文泉运用柴胡龙骨牡蛎汤合玉屏风散治疗多汗证经验%Experience of ZHOU Wen-quan in treating hyperhidrosis by using Chaihu Longgu Muli Decotion combined with Yupingfeng San

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晋; 苏博; 陈莹珍; 周文泉

    2013-01-01

    The basic mechanism of disease in professor ZHOU Wen-quan treated hyperhidrosis was yin-yang disharmony, defense-exterior insecurity. The insufficient yin could not restrain yang causing increased activity of yang results in fever with spontaneous sweating; the syncope with spontaneous sweating was caused by insufficient yang failing to counterbalance yin resulted in relative exuberance of yin, therefore hyperhidrosis was caused by abnormal exuberance of yin or yang. The therapeutic principles of professor ZHOU treated hyperhidrosis were regulalion of yin and yang and tonify qi to secure the exterior, he often had good therapeutic effect in hyperhidrosis used Chaihu Longgu Muli Decetion combined with Yupinfeng San to regulate yin-yang, triple energizers and waterways and benefit qi secure the exterior to treat sweating.%周文泉教授认为多汗证的基本病机为阴阳失和,卫表不固.阴虚阳必凑,发热而自汗;阳虚阴必乘,发厥而自汗,故多汗证皆属阴阳偏胜所致.当以调整阴阳、益气固表为治则.周教授常用柴胡龙骨牡蛎汤合玉屏风散调整阴阳,益气固表,调和气机,调理三焦,调畅水道,治疗多汗证获效良多.

  6. On the Creature of the Perfect Image "Night-rain Dropping on the Indus" in Ci of Wen Ting-yun%论温庭筠“梧桐·夜雨”意象入词的开创之功

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董灵超; 蓝秋燕; 莫莉荣

    2012-01-01

    梧桐意象、梧桐·雨的组合意象是中国古典诗词中的常用意象。然综观晚唐五代词作,温庭筠《更漏子》(玉炉香)则是第一次成功运用“梧桐·夜雨”意象人词的典范,它对后世词作泛用“梧桐·夜雨”意象影响深远。%The perfect image of the indus and the perfect image of the "night-rain dropping on the indus" are both common perfect images in the Chinese ancient poetry and Ci, but when we study all Ci till the later-Tang dynasty to the Song dynasty, we will find that Geng Lou Zi ( fragrance out of the jade censer) by Wen Ting-yun is the model which is the first time using the image of the "night-rain dropping on the indus" and has a profound influence to the future Ci of using the same image.

  7. 浅论孙诒让《札迻·素问王冰注校》的校勘特点%Brief Discussion on SUN Yi-rang ’ s Collation Characteristics in ZHA YI SU WEN WANG BING ZHU JIAO

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙庆炜

    2016-01-01

    SUN Yi-rang’ s ZHA YI SU WEN WANG BING ZHU JIAO played an important role in history of SU WEN’ s collation. The purpose of this paper was to sum up the characteristics of collation, that is learning widely from others' strong points, picking up the es-sence, quoting and seeking broad-mind, detailed examination and resolution, striving for realism rigorously, believing in doubt, inves-tigating the hidden mysteries of things, analysis of small things and mysteries, exploring traceability, studying comprehensively.%在《素问》的校勘史上,孙诒让的《札迻·素问王冰注校》占有十分重要的地位。将其校勘特点总结为“博采众长、撷其精英,引征广博、详审细辨,严谨求实、信守存疑,探幽索隐、析微阐奥,循流溯源、综合考辨”。

  8. On the Characters and Its Strategies of Our Nation's Organized Crime——Taking the Case of Wen Qiang as the Viewing Angle%论我国有组织犯罪的特征及对策——以“文强案”为视角考量

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李阳

    2012-01-01

    As the social changes of various fields went on,the organized crime becomes increasingly wild to the intermediate form,which was a serious test to our country's public order.The case of Wen Qiang in the year of 2009 highlights the new characters of the organized crime and the black evil force.We should suit the remedy to the case,and resist the organized crime from the aspects of social combating corruption,industry monitoring and perfecting the laws.%随着我国社会各个领域发生的深刻变化,有组织犯罪愈显猖獗,并且已经发展到中级形态,这对我国的治安状况是个严峻的考验。2009年的"文强案"凸显出我国当下有组织犯罪与黑恶势力的新特征。我们必须对症下药,从社会反腐、行业监控和完善法律几个方面来应对日益严峻的有组织犯罪。

  9. Application of Adaptation Theory in Practice of Interpreting Taking the Interpreting Reports of Premier WEN in 2010 .as an Example%语言顺应论在口译实践中的应用——以2010年温家宝总理答记者问现场口译为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋瑛

    2011-01-01

    Adaptation theory was proposed by Versehueren in 2000, the main idea of which is that language has three properties : variability, negotiability and adaptability. Based on the adaptation theory, how the target language adapts to the context, language structure and the dynamic process of interpreting were explained to demonstrate the important guiding function through studying the interpreting reports of Premier WEN in 2010.%语言顺应论是Verschueren于2000年提出,之后被广泛应用于语言学界,其主要内容包括变异性、商讨性和顺应性。以语言顺应论为理论支撑,以2010年温总理答记者问现场口译稿为语料,分析口译实践过程中语言顺应论如何解释译语顺应语境、语言结构和口译的动态过程,说明语言顺应论在口译实践过程中的重要指导作用。

  10. Reference: 144 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available gulates lateral root development in Arabidopsis. 6 996-1006 15584963 2004 Dec The Plant journal Chakrabarty Pranjib K|Nodzon Lisa A|Pi Li-Ya|Song Wen-Yuan|Wang Yongsheng|Xu Wei-Hui

  11. 基于福建省惠安县气候特点的薄皮甜瓜高效栽培技术探讨%Discussion on Efficient Cultivation Techniques of Cucumis melo L. Based on Climate Characteristics in Hui'an County of Fu-jian Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪婉娥; 郑志阳; 陈小龙

    2016-01-01

    The main meteorological disasters which affected yield and quality of Cucumis melo L. were summarized , by analyzing the climate characteristics of Chongwu national benchmark weather stations in thirty years from 1981 to 2010 of Hui'an County of Fujian Province.Moreover, the efficient cultiva-tion techniques of Cucumis melo L. were putforward.%通过分析福建省惠安县崇武国家基准气候站1981—2010年30年的气候特点,总结了影响薄皮甜瓜产量和品质的主要气象灾害,并提出了较为合理的薄皮甜瓜高产优质高效栽培技术。

  12. 西北农村妇女三维空间中的生活状况对其健康的影响——一项人类学视野下的田野考察%Three-dimensioned Life of the Hui Women in Northwestern Rural Areas and the Influence on Their Health --An Anthropological Field Survey

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙金菊

    2012-01-01

    根据田野调查资料,笔者将西北农村回族妇女的主要生活空间划分为家庭层面、宗教层面和社区层面三个维度。每一空间里妇女的生活状况对妇女健康均有着重大影响。%Based on field survey data, the writer divides the living space of the northwestern rural areas into three dimensions: family, religion and community. Women' dimension produces immense influence on their health. This paper will analyze and discuss the the perspectives of feminist anthropology and medical anthropology. Hui women in s life in each influence from

  13. 宁夏回族人群脂联素水平及基因单核苷酸多态性与冠心病相关性研究%Correlation of Single Nucleotide Polymorphism of Adiponectin Gene with Coronary Artery Disease in Hui Ethnic Group in Ningxia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈佳; 陈芳; 刘志军; 杨锐英

    2012-01-01

    Objective To study Adiponectin ( APN ) plasma level and the correlation of its single nucleotide gene polymorphism ( SNP45T/G and SNP276G/T ) with coronary heart disease ( CHD ) in Hui ethnic group in Ningxia. Methods A total of 193 Hui patients were divided into two groups based on the coronary angiography and the clinical data: coronary heart disease ( CHD ) group ( n = 95 ) and normal control group ( n = 98 ). Enzyme - linked immunosorbent assay ( ELISA ) and polymer-ase chain reaction - restriction fragment length polymorphism ( PCR - RFLP ) were used to detect the plasma APN level and the gene polymorphism of its two sites. Results Compared with the normal control group, the plasma APN level in CHD group was reduced. The distribution frequencies of SNP +45 TG + GG genotype and G allele in CHD group were significantly higher, and the distribution Frequencies of SNP +276TG + TT genotype and T allele were also significantly higher ( P <0. 05 ). The plasma APN level of SNP +45TG + GG genotype was significantly lower than that of TT genotype and the plasma APN level of SNP + 276TG + TT genotype was significantly lower than that of GG genotype ( P <0. 05 ). Conclusion The plasma APN level is low in Hui CHD patients. The distribution frequencies of SNP +45TG + GG genotype and G allele in Hui CHD patients may increase and the distribution frequencies of SNP + 276TG + TT genotype and T allele may decrease.%目的 探讨宁夏回族人群血浆脂联素(APN)水平及其单核苷酸基因多态性(SNP45T/G和SNP276G/T)两个位点与冠心病(CHD)之间的关系.方法 将193例回族研究对象根据造影结果 和临床资料分为2组:CHD组95例和正常对照组98例;应用酶联免疫吸附法及聚合酶链反应-限制性片段长度多态性(PCR-RFLP)技术,检测回族正常对照组及CHD组血浆APN水平及APN2个位点基因多态性.结果 回族CHD组APN水平降低;回族CHD组SNP+45TG+GG基因型和G等位基因的分布频率明显高

  14. The Study of the Relationship between the Infant's Social Development and the Parenting Style of Uyghur and Hui Mothers%维吾尔族、回族母亲教养方式与幼儿社会性发展的相关研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑名; 何国宏

    2013-01-01

    文章采用分层整群抽样的方法,对维吾尔族、回族母亲教养方式与幼儿社会性发展进行了定量分析并得出了结论。受教育水平越高,母亲权威行为越多,专制行为越少。母亲权威行为越多,越有利于幼儿社会性发展。%Based on group sampling and quantitative analysis upon the relationship between infant 's social de-velopment and the parenting style of Uyghur and Hui mothers , the paper studies the positive correlation be-tween the mothers'education background , authoritative behaviors and their children's social development .

  15. 《穆斯林的葬礼》中朝觐亚叙述层的功能分析——兼谈当代回族流散写作%The Diasporic Writing of Contemporary Hui under the Pilgrim Narration --the reading about the hypodiegetic level in Funeral of the Muslims

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨秀明

    2011-01-01

    The story of pilgrim had been narrated in the beginning and the end of the novel Funeral of the Muslims. On the one hand, as hypodiegetic level in narration, it had special function to the main narration about the history of one Hui family in Beijing; on the other hand, in consideration of the irreplaceable meanings of pilgrim rite to the collective memory, the pilgrim story run through the whole texts had the external narration function in a symbolism aspect. With reading of the pilgrim story in Funeral of the Muslims in the view of globalization, the author wanted to look for the relationship between the diasporic writing from contemporary Hui and their pursuit of identities.%朝觐故事在长篇小说《穆斯林的葬礼》的开头和结尾分别通过吐罗耶定和韩子奇(易卜拉欣)的叙述得以显影,一方面作为《穆斯林的葬礼》的亚叙述层对北京回族家族史这一主体叙述有着特定的结构功能,另一方面考虑到朝觐仪式在穆斯林集体记忆中的突出意义,这种贯穿始终的叙事策略使朝觐故事具有某种外叙述层的象征意味。本文拟从叙述层次理论出发,解读全球化背景下《穆斯林的葬礼》中朝觐叙事与当代散居回族的流散写作和身份诉求的联系。

  16. 不同施肥处理对细叶楠容器苗耐寒性的综合评价%Integrated Evaluation on Cold Resistance of ContainerPhoebe hui Seedlings by Different Fertilization Treatments

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马俊伟; 柳新红; 李因刚; 何云核; 石从广; 杨少宗; 蒋冬月

    2016-01-01

    以同一种源的细叶楠(Phoebe hui)容器苗为试验材料,对其进行NPK4种不同配比施肥(N:P:K =1:1:1、2:1:1、1:2:1和1:1:2)和3种叶面施肥(0、0.3%硼酸钠和5 mmol/L水杨酸)12种处理,研究其对细叶楠容器苗高生长、耐寒性生理指标和田间耐寒力的影响。结果表明:NPK比例为1:1:1和1:2:1的各自3个处理间,叶面施肥的苗高显著低于不施肥;在所有12个处理中,NPK比例为1:1:1、2:1:1和1:2:1且叶面不施肥的3个处理的苗高与其他处理间的差异达显著性水平。超氧化物歧化酶(SOD)、过氧化物酶(POD)性和丙二醛(MDA)含量在不同施肥处理间表现出一定的差异,脯氨酸(Pro)、可溶性糖(SS)和可溶性蛋白(SP)含量在NPK 4种比例的各自3个处理间的差异均达到了显著性水平。NPK比例保持不变时,叶面不施肥处理的隶属度显著低于叶面施肥处理,但田间耐寒力指标的差异不显著。本研究表明,N:P:K =1:1:2且叶面喷施5 mmol/L水杨酸的处理为细叶楠容器苗最佳的施肥方式,其容器苗的田间耐寒力最优、苗高生长较高。%Experiments were conducted on container seedlingof Phoebe hui from the same provenance treated with four different ratio of N, P and K, and with two different foliage fertilizer to study influence of different treatment on height growth, cold resistance indicators and field cold hardiness of seedlings. The result showed that height growth of seedlings treated with N:P:K ratio of 1:1:1 and 1:2:1, and with foliar fertilizer was significantly lower than that without foliar fertilizer. Height growth of seedlings treated with N:P:K ratio of 1:1:1, 2:1:1 and 1:2:1, and without foliar fertilizer had significant difference with the other 9 treatments. SOD, POD activity and MDA content varied among fertilization treatments. There were significant differences among three

  17. Views on Spirits and Gods in Yin Gao Zong Wen Yu San Shou and Tang Zai Chi Men of Qinghua Bamboo Manuscripts%清华简《三寿》《汤在啻门》二文中的鬼神观

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹峰

    2016-01-01

    There is great respect for spirits and gods in the text Yin Gao Zong Wen Yu San Shou and Tang Zai Chi Men, two texts of Qinghua Bamboo Manuscripts. In Yin Gao Zong Wen Yu San Shou, Pengzu emphasizes the fulfillment of the want of gods and people as an important element in the evaluation of a ruler. Tang Zai Chi Men discusses the important elements in the construction of“human”( Ren) , “country”( Bang) ,“earth”( Di) and “heaven”( Tian) where the four gods ( Si Shen) and the nine gods ( Jiu Shen) have crucial effect. These texts show great respect for spirits and gods but do not focus on them. They focus on both rationality of humans and the mysterious effects of spirits and gods. Therefore, these texts are not related to Mohist School which gives spirits and gods absolute power; instead they are more close to Huang-Lao Daoism. The specific term ‘Di Zhen” of religious Daoism appears in Tang Zai Chi Men. Also concepts like the four gods ( Si Shen ) and the nine gods ( Jiu Shen ) are possibly related to the ‘ Shen Ren” and‘ Zhen Ren”immortals of religious Daoism and philosophical Daoism. Therefore, the religious Daoism may have absorbed the resources from the views on spirits and gods of these early texts.%清华简《殷高宗问于三寿》和《汤在啻门》两篇文献都对鬼神非常敬重。《殷高宗问于三寿》中彭祖反复强调,让“神”与“民”均得到满足,是衡量统治者是否高明的一个重要标志。《汤在啻门》讨论了构成“人”“邦”“地”“天”的重要因素,其中“四神”和“九神”起到了重要的作用。但此二文既重视鬼神,又不惟鬼神;既重视人的理性思考,又借重鬼神作为禁忌所能产生的神秘作用,因此和将鬼神视为绝对力量的墨家无关,思想倾向更接近黄老道家。《汤在啻门》出现了“地真”这个特定的道教用语,“四神”和“九神”也很有可能和

  18. Classical Aestheticism and Profound Simplicity——Review on the Sequels of A Dream of Red Mansions by the Well-known Female Writer Wen Haoran%古典唯美 深闳简约——评著名女作家温皓然的《红楼梦续》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵建忠

    2011-01-01

    Following the "Red Mansions cultural fever" provoked by the well-known writer Liu Xinwu who continued writing A Dream of Red Mansions,2011 seems to be A Dream of Red Mansions' continuing year.Wen Haoran,a talented female writer of 1970s,inventively forms her own unique style on the basis of absorbing good points from various types of A Dream of Red mansions' continuing modes.With a full respect to the existed research results,close to Cao Xueqin's original intents and thoughts,and basically fitting for the cultural context of the Qing Dynasty,Wen's writing adds "a sense of the times and main spirit".What matters most is her ultimate exploration of the spiritual value of A dream of Red Mansions,that is,the universal building of the creation theme.So her works has a profound metaphysical meaning.In the arts' aspect,Wen's writing embodies a fantastic Buddhist sense and poetic conception.As one of the founders of post-modern genre of classical literature,Wen Haoran's writing style is with classical aestheticism and profound simplicity.She also "benefits from many teachers",which is reflected from her works a similar taste and tone of magic realism of Marquez's Hundred Years of Solitude.It can be said that Wen's sequels of A dream of Red Mansions is the best of all the continued versions in two hundred years.%继著名作家刘心武的探佚续书引发"红楼文化热"以来,2011年似乎成了"《红楼梦》续书年","70后"实力派女作家温皓然又独辟蹊径,融合各类红楼续书模式之长并在此基础上形成自己独特的文化品格。"温续红楼"充分尊重已有红学研究成果,在尽量贴近曹雪芹"原意"、"原笔"以及与清代历史语境基本契合的前提下,续出了时代意义和主体精神,最难能可贵的是她对《红楼梦》终极精神价值的探索,也就是创作主旨的普世化构建,因而她的作品具有深刻的形而上意味;在艺术旨趣上,

  19. 《文心雕龙·比兴》篇的理论建树及其在传统诗学中的地位%On the Theoretical Achievement and Lts' Position in Traditional Poetry of "Bi Xing" in Wen Xin Diao Long

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    涂光社

    2012-01-01

    Chinese ancient poets attach importance to the use of "bi xing",and the doctrines about this device are all in line with the strain of Shi Jing,"Bi xing" is significant as a figurative representation as well as a way of eulogizing and ridiculing.Though there had been quite a few interpretations of "bi xing" since the Han Dynasty,it was the chapter of "Bi Xing" in Wen Xin Diao Long that can be called a monograph.The theories of "explicit implicitness","moral implication","expression of emotions" and "revelation through comparison" cover all the aspects of the origin,meaning,way of thinking,and artistic expression of "bi xing".In particular,the theory about the indirect artistic expression through "objects" is a major theoretical contribution to traditional poetics.%古人做诗重视比兴,相关的言说与儒家《诗》学一脉相承。比兴有表现手法和美刺两重意义,虽然自汉代起就屡有诠解,但古代唯独《文心雕龙.比兴》堪称成篇的专论,其"显隐"、"附理"、"起情"以及"拟容取心"之说涵盖了"比兴"的渊源、意义、思维特征和艺术传达特点,尤其是以"物"为中介进行间接性艺术传达的功效与意义,对传统诗学作出了重大的理论贡献。

  20. 基于乙型肝炎相关性肝衰竭(肝瘟)中医临床与科研信息共享系统的构建与应用%Construction and Application of TCM Medical Treatment and Clinical Scientific Research Information Sharing System Based on Hepatitis B-associated Liver Failure (Gan-Wen)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡铁骊; 胡智勇; 陈南; 孙淑贞; 张涛; 阳赣萍; 胡宏

    2013-01-01

    The China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences (CACMS) designed and applied the Traditional Chi-nese Medicine (TCM) Medical Treatment and Clinical Scientific Research Information Sharing System based on Hepatitis B-associated Liver Failure (Gan-Wen ) . The network and hardware environment were built . And the electronic medical record system which fits for TCM treatment and research was also established. The system is interfaced to various clinic information systems. Standard TCM terminology database and medical record templates were built. The TCM clinical multidimensional data warehouse was constructed to achieve data mining and im-prove TCM research ability and efficiency .%基于中国中医科学院“中医临床科研信息共享系统”,围绕“乙型肝炎相关性肝衰竭(肝瘟)”展开设计与应用,搭建网络硬件环境,建立适应中医临床与科研的电子病历采集系统,与多个临床信息系统进行对接,建立基于乙型肝炎相关性肝衰竭(肝瘟)规范化术语库及病历模板,形成中医临床多维数据仓库,实现数据挖掘功能,整体提高中医临床研究能力和效率。

  1. 历史地理空间视角下的“文化扶贫”研究--六盘山地区陕西回族后裔文化生活考察%Research on Cultural Poverty Alleviation under the Perspective of His-torical Geography Space---A Survey of the Cultural Life of Hui Descendents Originated from Shaanxi Province in Liu-panshan Area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马光华; 滑小莉; 党晓红; 刘艳

    2016-01-01

    六盘山地区生活着大量陕西回民后裔,受地理、历史空间以及经济结构、人口结构、教育结构等因素制约,其在自身文化形态、文化建设、文化消费等方面存在许多问题,主要表现为宗教文化、民族文化与公共文化缺乏协调发展,外在的改善“文化贫困”能力和内在的改善“贫困文化”动力不足。研究六盘山地区陕西回族后裔“文化致贫”原因和治贫策略,需要从地理历史空间视角探讨文化模式形成的诸多自然、社会因素,研究宗教文化、民族文化和公共文化协调发展问题,重点解决文化“扶志”和教育“扶智”两大关键问题,引导回族群众走出历史文化和地理空间的局限。%In china, a large number of Hui descendents originated from Shaanxi Province are now living in Liupanshan area. With constraints of geography, historical space, economical structure, population structure and educational structure, many problems still remain for those Hui descendents in terms of cultural pattern, cultural construction and cultural consumption, as evidenced by uncoordinated development of religious culture, national culture and public culture, weak external capacity of improving“culture poverty” and insufficient internal impetus improving“poverty culture”. To study the causes of culture-related poverty and the strategies for fighting poverty of Hui descendents in Liupanshan area, one needs to, from the perspective of geography historical space,explore the natural and social factors of the formation of cultural patterns, and to study the coordinated development of religious culture, national culture and public culture, mainly focusing on two key issues about building ambition with culture and improving intelligence with education, thus guiding local Hui people to break the limits of historic culture and geographic space.

  2. Epidemiological survey and analysis on infants passive smoking in Han,Hui and Kazakh ethnic group in North of Tianshan Mountains%天山北麓汉回哈族婴幼儿被动吸烟流行现况分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩林俐; 吴星燕; 陈江芸; 陶化青; 蒋佩; 杜爽; 李新辉

    2016-01-01

    Objective To investigate the current status of infants passive smoking in Han,Hui and Kazakh ethnic groups in North of Tianshan Mountains.Methods From November 2014 to August 2015,a method of stratified random cluster sample was used to investigate 568 infants’parents by a face-to-face questionnaire at Urumqi City,Shihezi City and Shawan County in north of Tianshan Mountains.Results The passive smoking rate of infants was 40.5% in totally,and 28.7% at home and 17.8% in public respectively.The passive smoking rate of Han ethnic group infants was 47.2%, 32.3% in Hui ethnic group and 29.6% in Kazakh ethnic group,respectively.Different ethnic groups showed significant differences (P <0.001).The passive smoking rate among infants aged under 1 year old was 34.9%,the percentage in in-fants aged 1 to 2 year old was 44.0%,and the percentage in infants aged 2 to 3 year old infants was 46.3%,respective-ly.The passive smoking rates increased with age,and the passive smoking rate in each age stage of Han ethnic group was higher than Hui and Kazakh ethnic groups,which showed significant differences (P <0.05).Conclusion Passive smok-ing was very common in infants,it is a huge challenge to control passive smoking,corresponding measures should be taken to create smoke-free environment for infants growing at home and in public places.%目的:调查天山北麓汉、回、哈萨克族婴幼儿被动吸烟的流行现况。方法2014年11月—2015年8月,采用分层随机整群抽样的方法,选取天山北麓乌鲁木齐市、石河子市和沙湾县568名婴幼儿的家长进行问卷调查。结果婴幼儿被动吸烟率为40.5%,其中在家中为28.7%,在公共场所为17.8%。汉族婴幼儿被动吸烟率为47.2%,回族为32.3%,哈萨克族为29.6%,差异有统计学意义(P <0.001)。婴儿被动吸烟率为34.9%,1~2岁幼儿为44.0%,2~3岁幼儿为46.3%,婴幼儿随年龄增长被动吸烟率随之增加,且各年龄

  3. Analysis of the mutations of phenylalanine hydroxylase gene in Hui ethnic group of Ningxia%宁夏地区回族苯丙酮尿症患儿苯丙氨酸羟化酶基因突变分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毛新梅; 何江; 刘媛; 马晓燕; 余伍忠

    2012-01-01

    Objective To understand the slruclure and characteristics of the mulalions of phenylalanine hydroxylase ( PAH) gene in Hui elhiec group of Ningxia. Methods All of the exons and promolers of PAH gene of 18 phenylkelonuria(PKU) cases in children of Hui were delermined by using the melhod of PCR direet sequencing. Results 24 mulalions were delecled in 36 PAH alleles. The deleclion rale of mulalions was 66. 67% (24/36). There were 14 kinds of mulalions,including 7 of missense mulalions,4 of nonsense mulalions,2 of deletion mulanls and 1 of splice site mulalions. The more common type of mulalions were R243Q, R241C, S16fsX10, R111X and L430P,and the olhers scallered in the event. Looked up foreign lileralures,professional websiles and databases,S16fsX10, Y414X and S3O3fsX38 are new kinds of PAH gene mulalions which have nol been reporled in ihe world,L430P and D222G have nol been reporled in our counlry. Conclusions According to the research, the mulalions of PAH gene in Hui group of Ningxia show their diversity,complexity and specificity,and had significant elhnic characteristics.%目的 了解宁夏地区回族苯丙酮尿症患儿苯丙氨酸羟化酶(PAH)基因的突变构成及特点.方法 采用PCR产物直接测序的方法,测定18例回族苯丙酮尿症患儿PAH基因全部外显子及其启动子区域序列.结果 在36个PAH等位基因中共检出24个突变等位基因,突变检出率为66.67%(24/36),包括14种突变类型,其中错义突变7种、无义突变4种、缺失突变2种、剪切位点突变1种.较为常见的突变类型有R243Q、R241C、S16fsX10、R111X、L430P,其余突变类型均为散在发生.查阅国外文献、专业网站及数据库发现S16fsX10、Y414X、S303fsX38是世界未见报道的新的PAH基因突变类型,L430P和D222G突变是国内未见报道的新突变.结论 研究结果显示宁夏地区回族苯丙酮尿症患儿PAH基因突变表现出多样性、复杂性和特殊性,具有显著的民族特色.

  4. Changes of Limb Bone Mass,Bone Density and Limb Length and Breadth With Age in Adult Hui People in Henan Province and Correlation Between Them%河南回族成人四肢骨量和骨密度与肢体长宽度的年龄变化及相关性调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐国昌; 张庆远; 徐飞; 王海鑫; 刘荣志; 刘永; 杨雷

    2016-01-01

    均有统计学意义(P <0.05)。河南回族成人男性四肢骨量与年龄呈中度负相关( P <0.05),与身高、体质量、BMI、骨密度 T 值、骨密度 Z 值、全腿长、股骨内外上髁间径呈中度正相关(P <0.05);河南回族成人女性四肢骨量与年龄呈中度负相关(P <0.05),与体质量、BMI、骨密度 T 值、骨密度 Z 值、肱骨内外上髁间径呈中度正相关(P <0.05)。线性回归方程为:男性四肢骨量=1.269+0.024全臂长+0.018×肱骨内外上髁间径,男性四肢骨量=1.462+0.015全腿长+0.013×股骨内外上髁间径;女性四肢骨量=1.032+0.022全臂长+0.019×肱骨内外上髁间径,女性四肢骨量=1.240+0.012全腿长+0.019×股骨内外上髁间径。结论河南回族成人不同性别、不同年龄段四肢骨量、骨密度、肢体长宽度存在差异。四肢骨量与年龄、身高、体质量、BMI、骨密度、全臂长、全腿长、肱骨内外髁间径、股骨内外髁间径相关。%Objective To investigate the changes of limb bone mass,bone density and limb length and breadth with age in adult Hui people in Henan province and the correlation between them. Methods From September 2013 to September 2014,we enrolled 1 144 adult Hui people by cluster sampling method from 4 Hui gathering areas( Yuandian Hui Village of Fangcheng County in Nanyang City,Chanhe Hui District in Luoyang City,Shunhe Hui District in Kaifeng City,Chengguan Hui Town of Huaiyang County in Zhoukou City). Among the subjects,300 were aged 20 - 0. 05),yet the height,body mass,limb bone mass,T value of bone density,Z value of bone density,full arm length full leg length, diameter between internal and external epicondyles of humerus and diameter between internal and external epicondyles of femur of female subjects were less than those of male subjects(P 0. 05),while there were significant differences in height,body mass,BMI,T value of bone density,Z value of bone density,full leg

  5. Premier Wen Stresses Building of “Harmonious Society”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    While high-speed economic growth and dramatic social changes continue to distinguish China across the globe, the country's leadership is eyeing a smoother ride on its development path by setting forth a guideline prioritizing harmony.

  6. reproductive biology of boiga guangxiensis wen, 1998(serpentes: colubridae)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    up to now,the reproductive biology of most species of the genus boiga is investigated very little.important data on the reproductive biology of boiga guangxiensis were received by us for the first time.the investigations were carried out in viet nam during expeditions and in the laboratories of tula exotarium in the period between 1998-2000.the data on the feeding,egg size,incubation,size of hatchings,and juvenile colouration of this species are provided for the first time.in addition,the data on size and ratio of snout-vent length/tail length of this snake are provided based on the vietnamese samples.our researches demonstrated that b.guangxiensis is distinguished from most other species of the genus by a number of peculiarities of its reproductive biology.also,morphological differences between chineseand vietnamese individuals of this species were noted.

  7. Status Survey and Analysis on the Information Services of Mobile Libraries in the West Ethnic Regions in China——Taking Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region as an Example%西部民族地区移动图书馆信息服务现状调查及分析——以宁夏回族自治区为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张玉梅

    2015-01-01

    Adopting the form of questionnaire survey and taking Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region as an example, this paper carries out a comparative analysis on the current status of the information services of mobile libraries in the west ethnic regions in China from three aspects of the type of terminal, the type of information service and the influence of information service, and in the light of the limitations to the further development of information service of the mobile libraries in the west ethnic regions in China, puts forward some corresponding countermeasures.%采取问卷调研的形式,以宁夏回族自治区为例,从终端类型、信息服务类型、信息服务的影响3个方面,比较分析了西部民族地区移动图书馆信息服务的现状,并针对西部民族地区移动图书馆信息服务进一步发展的局限性,提出相应的对策.

  8. Research on the gene polymorphism of estrogen receptor of Hui and Salar patients with gastric cancer in Qinghai area%青海地区回族、撒拉族胃癌患者雌激素受体基因多态性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王成; 赵延芳; 王虎; 谢艳超

    2016-01-01

    Objective This article aims to study the distribution situation of ERα _ Pvu Ⅱ and Xba Ⅰ, ERβ_RsaⅠand AluⅠsingle nucleotide polymorphism(SNPs);and the relationship between the SNPs of ERα gene and ERβ gene in the patients with gastric carcinoma among Hui and Salar people in Qinghai area.Methods 80 cases of Hui patients and 80 cases of Salar patients with gastric adenocarcinoma as case group and 80 cases of health group with matched age,gender and nationality were collected from QinghaiUniversityAffiliatedHospital.2~3 mL ve-nous blood in fast state was collected from each patient to extract DNA.PCR_RFLP method was applied to identify PvuⅡ and XbaⅠ of ERα gene,RsaⅠand AluⅠSNPs of ERβ.Statistics method was adopted to analyze the rela-tions between PvuⅡ and XbaⅠof ERα gene,RsaⅠ and AluⅠ SNPs of ERβ gene with the risk of having gastric cancer.Results In terms of in Hui gastric cancer group and control group,significant difference exists in ERα_XbaⅠgene XX,Xx and xx distribution;in terms of Salar gastric cancer group and control group,significant difference exists in ERα_XbaⅠ gene XX,Xx and xx distribution;in terms of gastric cancer group and control group of Hui people and Salar people,no significant difference was found in ERα_PvuⅡ,ERβ_RsaⅠ,and Erβ_AluⅠ gene distribution.Among the research subjects,no significant difference was found between the gene distribution of gastric cancer group and Salar ERα_XbaⅠ,ERα_PvuⅡ,ERβ_RsaⅠ,and Erβ_AluⅠ.Conclusions Correlation exists in the ERα_XbaⅠpolymorphism and the susceptibility of gastric cancer in Qinghai area;the ERα_XbaⅠgene distri-bution may has increased risk of gastric cancer,but no significant difference was found on the gene distribution of people with gastric cancer among different nationalities.The ERα_PvuⅡ,ERβ_AluⅠ,and RsaⅠpolymorphism were not correlated to the susceptibility of gastric cancer in Qinghai area.%目的:通过研究青海

  9. 《外台秘要方》与《太平圣惠方》中伤寒理论文献的比较%Comparative study of theoretical literature on cold pathogenic disease in Wai tai mi yao fang (Arcane Essentials from the Imperial Library) and Tai ping sheng hui fang (Taiping Holy Prescriptions for Universal Relief)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张慧蕊; 梁永宣

    2014-01-01

    In the Wai tai mi yao fang (Arcane Essentials from the Imperial Library) compiled in 752,its portion on cold pathogenic disorders embodies the achievements before the mid Tang Dynasty,whereas that in the Tai ping sheng hui fang (Taipng Holy Prescriptions for Universal Relief),compiled in 992 embodies those before the early Song Dynasty.Comparison on the theory of cold disorders in both books reveal that,during the 2 centuries period from mid Tang to early Song Dynasties,the texts as a carrier for the transmission of such theory in both show no distinct changes,but only with minor revisions and improvements.%唐天宝十年(752)成书的《外台秘要方》中的伤寒部分,汇总了中唐及其以前的伤寒成果,而宋淳化三年(992)成书的《太平圣惠方》中的伤寒内容,则汇集了宋初及以前诸家伤寒之大成.对2书中伤寒理论部分进行比较,可以发现从中唐至宋初200年间,以“文本”为载体的伤寒理论基本没有大的变化,仅有少量的修正和完善.

  10. 多元并存和谐相容--泉州丁氏回族宗教信仰现状调查研究%Multicultural Coexistence and Harmony---A Religious Belief Status Survey about Ding Family of Hui Ethnic Minority in Quanzhou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁玲玲; 林煜堃

    2014-01-01

    Chen Dai is one of the main areas in Fujian Quanzhou where Ding family of Hui ethnic minority has lived, with the population of more than 20000. With the development of society and the changes of the times, the people's religious belief there has changed. A single Islamic religion evolved into multi-religious coexistence, showing local characteristics of the pluralistic coexistence, harmonious religious belief pattern. Based on the field investigation, combined with the literature, the paper discussed the religious evolution there.%陈埭是福建泉州回族的主要聚居区之一,有丁氏回族2万多人。随着时代的变迁与社会的发展,陈埭丁氏回族社区的宗教信仰也发生了变化。由单一的伊斯兰教信仰演变为多种宗教信仰并存,呈现出一个带有地域特色的多元共存、和谐相容的宗教信仰格局。本文拟根据笔者的田野调查,结合文献资料,对泉州陈埭丁氏回族的宗教信仰演化进行探讨。

  11. Language Development and Social Identity Construction of Hui Nationality:An Exploration from the Perspective of Social Semiotics%回族语言变迁与身份建构:基于社会符号学的探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨晓琳

    2015-01-01

    From the perspective of social semiotics, the mutual influence between language symbol system and social system is insepara-ble.In the present research, through a review of the variation of language and writing system used by the Hui Muslims and the corresponding change of social system, the effect on the selection and development of language, and the use of language to construct social reality-mainly the construction of social identity-is analyzed.Development of the language system and the development of the social system is a two-way process and they promote each other.Language develops its function and structure according to the social needs.And meanwhile it also re-flects the social needs.%回族语言变迁的历程表明,社会系统对回族的语言选择及发展具有重要影响,表现在回族的移民分布状况、日常交流需求、政治干预和意识形态等方面。回族语言的选择对于其社会身份具有建构作用,它主要通过语言趋同、语言趋异和语言保持等策略建构其身份。

  12. 回族对伊斯兰文化传承的途径研究--以宁夏同心县的实证调查为例%On Channels of Islamic Culture Inheritance of Hui Nationality---Case Study of Tongxin County of Ningxia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨志平

    2016-01-01

    伊斯兰文化自唐宋元三朝传入中国,使中国文化或主动或被动地出现涵化,呈现多样性。一千多年来,回族在接受中华文化的同时,通过濡化、“哲麻体”、“以儒诠经”、经堂教育、“尔麦里”、新式教育、大众媒介等方式和途径传承了伊斯兰文化,使中国的伊斯兰文化呈现出不同于阿拉伯的伊斯兰文化,显现出二元文化特征。%With the entry of Islamic culture into China in Tang,Song and Yuan dynasties,Chinese cul-ture began to show some active or passive acculturation and diversities.In the past 1000 years,while accepting Chinese culture,Hui nationality carries on Islamic culture through enculturation,Zhemati, Confucian interpretation of Islam,Mosque education,amal,new mode of education,mass media,etc. Through all of these,Chinese Islamic culture becomes quite different from Arabic Islamic culture,and displays cultural duality.

  13. 《九章算术》及其刘徽注中几个算法的循环结构分析%On the Circulation Structures in the Nine Chapters on Mathematical Arts and Its Comments by Liu Hui

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    斯日古冷; 郭世荣

    2012-01-01

    循环结构在计算机程序设计和算法分析中占有重要地位,是中国传统数学机械化思想和算法化特征的具体表现之一.分析了《九章算术》及其刘徽注中设计使用的4个算法的循环结构,它们分别出现在《九章算术》的约分术、开方术及刘徽注之割圆术和阳马术中.%The circulation structure which is one of the most important structures in programming and algorithm analyses of the computer science has been used in traditional Chinese mathematics for long time. In the present paper. four circulation structures appeared in the Nine Chapters on Mathematical Arts and its Comments by Liu Hui in the third century are analyzed. They are designed for the reduction of a fraction, for the extraction of square and cubic roots,and for the demonstrations of cyclotomic method and of the volume of solids. The applications of circulation structures are concrete cases of the mechanization thought and algorithmization characteristic of traditional Chinese mathematics. A deep study of the structure is helpful for comprehensive understanding the history of both traditional Chinese mathematics and computer science.

  14. The Development Research of Small Family Business of Hui Nationality:Taking Nagu town's Yilan Rice Noodle Factory of Yunnan Province as an Example%小型回族家族企业发展研究--以云南纳古镇伊兰米线厂为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘耀辉; 徐磊; 李德庆; 尚朝秋

    2014-01-01

    回族以伊斯兰教为宗教信仰,其具有丰富的经商本领和管理经验。文章基于纳古镇进行的田野调查,首先通过实地调研和查阅文献总结了纳古镇企业发展现状和“伊兰米线厂”的发展现状,并通过参与观察得到米线的制作过程以及商品流通,最后通过迈克尔·波特的“五力模型”分析了米线产业的竞争力,并提出米线产业发展的建议。%The hui nationality regard Islamism as their religious belief, which has a rich doing business capacity and management experience. Based on the field work of nagu town, the paper first studies the development status of company in nagu town by using interview and literature review, second gets the process of making rice noodles and commodity circulation through participation and observation. In the end, it analyses the competitiveness of rice noodles industry by Michael porter's Five-force Model, and the suggestion on development of rice noodles industry are given.

  15. 异曲同工:“死水”遥映“恶之花”——论闻一多与波德莱尔诗歌创作美学的趋同性%Different in Approach but Equally Satisfactory in Result:"Stagnant Water" Echoes "Evil Flowers"——Research into the Convergence of the Poetry Aesthetics between WEN Yi-duo and Baudelaire

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘梅芳

    2011-01-01

    Although the two poets WEN Yi-duo and Baudelaire lived in different countries and different times,the dark and corrupt social system made them produce feelings of pessimism,and both expressed their resentment and melancholy through images of hideous reality.Both of them happened to coincide in producing similar creative intention of considering "ugly" as "beautiful" and transforming "decadent" to "magic",and achieved the same effects of expressing their anxiety for the unexpected development of their ages and nations,and revealing their humanist feelings.%闻一多与波德莱尔两位诗人虽然身处不同国度,不同时代,但黑暗腐朽的社会制度促使他们产生悲观主义情绪,并在诗歌创作中借丑恶现实的物象表达心中的愤懑与忧郁。两人都不约而同地体现了"以丑为美"、"化腐朽为神奇"的创作意旨,并最终殊途同归,表达了对时代、民族的忧患意识,彰显了人道主义情怀。

  16. 血管内皮生长因子受体1基因单核苷酸多态性及吸烟与宁夏地区汉族、回族年龄相关性黄斑变性的相关性%Associations of single nucleotide polymorphisms of VEGFRI and smoking with age-related macular degeneration in Hui and Han populations from Ningxia region in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    向伟; 迟昊; 薛中淇; 张雯; 盛迅伦; 庄文娟

    2016-01-01

    Background Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a heritable,progressive degenerative disorder that triggers central visual impairment.Research demonstrated that the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of vascular endothelial growth factor 1 (VEGFR1) gene is associated with AMD in different population.However,the results varied among diversified ethnic origin composition and distinct regions.Objective This study was to investigate the associations between the SNPs of VEGFR1 genetic variants along with smoking exposure and the risk of AMD in Hui and Han ethnics in the Ningxia population in China.Methods A case-control study was conducted.Four hundreds and thirty-two AMD patients including 325 Han ethnic patients and 107 Hui ethnic patients were recruited from March 2011 to June 2015,and 906 ethnicity-and gender-matched age-related cataract patients were contemporaneously recruited as control group,including 698 Han ethnic patients and 208 Hui ethnic patients.Periphery blood sample of 5 ml was collected from the subjects and genomic DNA was prepared.Eight tagging SNPs loci were acquired to cover rs2281827,rs3936415,rs7337610,rs7981680,rs9554320,rs9554322,rs9582036 and rs9943922,and the genotypes of SNPs were detected by using MassARRAYTM time-of-flight mass spectrometry system.Chi-square test and multi-factor Logistic regression analysis were utilized to estimate the discrepancy of allele frequency and genotype distribution in Hui and Han AMD patients.Moreover,the correlation of AMD with smoking and age statue were further analyzed.This study protocol complied with Helsinki Declaration and was approved by Ethic Committee of Ningxia Eye Hospital.Written informed consent was obtained before any relevant medical examination.Results There were significant differences in the age between AMD group and control group in both Han and Hui ethnicity (Han:P =0.000;Hui:P =0.009).The smoking exposure was significantly different between AMD group and control group in Han

  17. An Investigation of and Reflection on the Reality of Education Poverty to Females in the Rural Area --Taking the Rural Hui Females in Ningxia as an Example%农村教育贫困女性化现状的调查与思考——以宁夏农村回族女性为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江晓红

    2011-01-01

    贫困,不能仅仅限定于由自然环境的恶劣和经济生活的窘因所致,还应包括教育落后导致的教育贫困。事实上,教育贫困是与人类的生存命运相始终的。而人类的使命和社会责任,恰恰就在于不断地解决教育矛盾和改善教育环境。本文以宁夏农村回族女性教育贫困研究为主要内容,通过田野调查,到农户家中和田间地头与其进行面对面的拉家常,从中揭示了农村女性教育极其贫困的根源。%Poverty cannot be attributed only to severe environment and poor economic position; it should also be attributed to underdeveloped education which leads to education poverty. In fact, education poverty affects people's life all the time, and it is the mission and responsibility of human beings.to solve the contradiction in ed- ucation and improve the environment for it all the time. According to the field investigation and face-to-face chat at the farmers~houses and in the fields, this paper, with a focus on education poverty to the rural Hui females in Ningxia, discloses the causative factors for education poverty to the above-mentioned group in the rural area.

  18. From the Theory of Intergroup Contact, Pattern of Pluralistic Unity of the Chinese Nation to Symbiosis and Mutual Complement --An Analysis of Text "Lian Li Hui" Festival, Sangzhi, Hunan%从族际接触、多元一体到共生互补——对湖南桑植白族“连理会”文本的解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丽剑

    2012-01-01

    The theory of intergroup contact and pattern of pluralistic unity of the Chinese nation are two important theories in research of relationship between nationalities. Base on the analysis of text "Lian Li Hui" festival spread in Sangzhi, Hunan. The paper points out that there are distinct differences between areas inhabited by many ethnic groups and habited by one ethnic group, there are obvious distinguish on the research of them. Under the pattern of pluralistic unity, symbiosis and mutual complement would be the best ways to solve modem relationship and problems exist in areas inhabited by many ethnic groups by practical attitude.%族际接触理论和多元一体格局下的“文化自觉”理论是研究民族关系的两种重要指导理论。通过对湖南桑植白族“连理会”文本的文化解读,指出散杂居与聚居有明显区别。对散杂居民族关系的研究应与对聚居民族的研究有所不同,应在中华民族多元一体格局下,倡导共生互补的理念,以务实的态度认识和处理当前我国散杂居地区的民族关系和民族问题。

  19. 社区营造视角下古村落保护更新的探讨--以广西草坪回族乡潜经村为例%Update on the Ancient Village Protection from the Perspective of the Community Building--Taking the Guangxi Caoping Xiangqian Village of Hui Nationality as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦琦; 谷海洪

    2013-01-01

    Throughout the past the protection of ancient vil-ages in China, mostly protection development is the force type of“From top to bot om”. In the protection process because the vil agers participation deficiencies brought many negative effe-cts, not mention to the substantive protection of ancient vil age. Taking the Guangxi Caoping Xiangqian vil age of Hui nationa-lity as an example, referring to Taiwan's community building ideas and successful experiences, this paper puts forward a co-nception of organic update on the protection and development of ancient vil ages, waking the vil age identity, realizing the s-ustainable regeneration of the ancient vil age.%纵观我国以往古村落的保护历程,大多为“自上而下”式的强迫式保护开发。在保护过程中因为村民参与度缺失带来许多负面影响,更无从谈起对古村落进行实质性保护。本文以广西桂林市草坪回族乡潜经村为例,借鉴台湾的社区营造思想与成功经验,对古村落的开发保护提出了有机更新的营造构想,唤醒村落认同感,实现古村落的可持续再生。

  20. Définir la culture: l'un et le multiple

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Panagiotis Christias

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available La lutte, la sélection sociale, poursuit alors à partir de la modernité et jusqu'à nos jours, deux voies de prédilection: l'art et la science. La notion de "culture" comporte d'ailleurs les deux nuances à la fois. Parfois même, les deux champs s'entremêlent, concluent des alliances et créent des fronts communs contre l'ennemi. La notion même de "culture" est sortie d'un cadre polémique, celui de la "bataille" entre les Modernes et les Romantiques, fruit d'une alliance entre forces scientifiques et forces morales, entre la science la plus mathématique et l'art le plus irrationnel. Tout discours, y compris le discours scientifique, obéit donc aux lois de la lutte ou de la sélection. Il est important de nous pencher plus sur la question de la science et sur la question de la production du discours scientifique afin de mieux comprendre les mécanismes de cette lutte.

  1. GNSS software receiver for the MAGIA (Missione Altimetrica Geofisica GeochImica lunAre) mission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pirazzi, Gabriele; de Quattro, Nicola; Dionisio, Cesare

    2011-10-01

    In recent years a number of missions have been conceived to acquire and track signals from GPS satellites at altitudes higher than the GPS constellation itself. The main purpose of SDR is to reduce the number of hardware components, projected for specific unmodifiable uses, and utilize general purpose units: on board CPU, DSP or FPGA. In this paper he study and design of a GNSS Software Receiver for space application, applied to a Lunar Mission, is presented with particular attention on Space Segment device and on Ground Facilities.

  2. Yizhi jiaoyizhe, fangdichan paomo yu fangdichan zhengce: jian lun zhongguo fangdichan zhengce

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bao, T.; Wang, Y.

    2010-01-01

    HETEROGENOUS TRADERS, HOUSING BUBBLES AND POLICIES Based on the classical De Long et al (1990), we build a model of housing bubbles to analyze the role of market imperfections (noise traders, liquidity constraint, limited liability and weak property rights protections, etc) and their interactions in

  3. Concept drift vs suicide: comment l'un peut prévenir l'autre ?

    OpenAIRE

    Maigrot, Cédric; Bringay, Sandra; Azé, Jérôme

    2016-01-01

    National audience; Le suicide devient d'année en année une problématique plus préoccupante. Les organismes de santé tels que l'OMS se sont engagés à réduire le nombre de suicides de 10% dans l'ensemble des pays membres d'ici 2020. Si le suicide est généralement un geste impulsif, il existe souvent des actes et des paroles qui peuvent révéler un mal être et représenter des signes précurseurs de prédispositions au suicide. L'objectif de cette étude est de mettre en place un système pour détecte...

  4. An investigation of the prevalence of refractive error in 50 years or older adults in rural populations in the Tongxin county of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region%宁夏回族自治区同心县50岁及以上农村人群屈光不正患病率调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘俊秀; 扈晓雯; 庄文娟; 顾青; 潘波; 李慧平; 李佳玙; 白蓉; 李武靓

    2016-01-01

    Objective By investigating the prevalence of refractive errors in older adults in rural populations in Tongxin county,Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region,it was feasible to get more actual data on the prevalence of blindness and low vision before and after refractive correction.Methods A population-based cross-sectional study was carried out.A questionnaire was designed for people aged 50 or older in Tongxin county,Ningxia,to obtain a general medical history,dietary habits,previous ocular history and treatment.Measurements were taken,including visual acuity,intraocular pressure,refraction,slit-lamp microscopy and non-mydriatic digital fundus photography in order to analyze the distribution of people with refractive errors associated with gender,age,education level and different ethnic groups,as well as etiological factors causing prevalence and noncorrectable vision with different refractive conditions.Visual impairment standards that included best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and presenting visual acuity (PVA) were used to analyze the prevalence of blindness and low vision before and after refractive correction.A Chi-square test was used for comparing the rate among groups.Results There were 5 493 people aged 50 or older in the rural population in Tongxin county,among which 5 046 people completed the examination,sponse rate were 91.86%,and 2 116 of them were diagnosed with ametropia,a prevalence rate of 41.93%.Based on PVA and BCVA,the prevalence of blindness was 5.35% and 2.02%,respectively,and the difference was statistically significant (x2=78.78,P<0.01).Similarly,based on PVA and BCVA standards,the prevalence of low vision was 15.28% and 5.77%,respectively,which was statistically significant (x2=244.54,P<0.01).The prevalence of ametropia in different educational levels:under primary school,primary school,middle school,senior high school and above was 45.94%,36.42%,25.38%,and 33.79%,the differences were significant (x2=97.89,P<0.01).The

  5. Characteristics of the distribution of SNPs of the CYP11A1 gene in the Hui and Han ethnic groups in Ningxia%CYP11A1基因单核苷酸多态性在宁夏回、汉族人群中的分布特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    耿芝; 盛优静; 余冰; 于佳; 宋晓霞; 陆宏; 霍正浩

    2016-01-01

    目的 了解宁夏人群中CYP11A1基因rs16968477、rs1843090、rs4077582、rs9806234和rs12438594位点遗传多态的分布情况,并分析该位点在不同种族间的分布差异.方法 研究对象为宁夏医科大学体检健康学生559例,其中回族273例,汉族286例.单核苷酸多态性采用TaqMan Gene Typing技术检测.结果 宁夏回、汉族人群CYP11A1基因多态位点等位基因频率分别为rs16968477(C/T:64.47%/35.53%;68.53%/31.47%);rs1843090(A/G:46.15%/53.85%;43.53%/56.47%);rs4077582(C/T:56.78%/43.22%;55.24%/44.76%);rs9806234(A/G:32.78%/67.22%;38.99%/61.01%);rs12438594(A/G:47.44%/52.56%;42.48%/57.52%).宁夏人群各多态性基因型总体分布与HAPMAP结果比较,rs16968477、rs9806234位点与欧洲人群和非洲人群不同(P=0.017、0.001、0.000、0.000);rs1843090位点与欧洲人群、日本人群和非洲人群不同(P=0.000、0.011、0.000);rs4077582、rs12438594位点与欧洲人群不同(P=0.000、0.000).结论 CYP11A1基因5个单核苷酸多态性在宁夏回、汉族之间差异无统计学意义;5位点的基因型总体分布在种族和地区间差异具有统计学意义.%Objective To investigate the distribution characteristics of five single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) loci (rs16968477,rs1843090,rs4077582,rs9806234 and rs12438594) in CYP11A1 gene in Ningxia population and to analyze the distribution of the SNPs among different ethnic groups.Methods All 559 subjects were students from Ningxia Medical University,including 273 cases of Hui and 286 cases of Han.The genotypes were examined by using Taqman Gene Typing method.Results The allele frequencies of the SNPs in Hui and Han ethnic groups were rs16968477 (C/T:64.47%/35.53%;68.53%/31.47%),rs1843090 (A/G:46.15%/53.85%;43.53%/ 56.47%),rs4077582 (C/T:56.78%/43.22%;55.24%/44.76%),rs9806234 (A/G:32.78%/67.22%;38.99%/61.01%) and rs12438594 (A/G:47.44%/52.56%;42.4%/57.52%).Compared with

  6. On the Influence of Western Art History on Chinese Art History and Its Countermeasures by the Cases Studies of Teng Gu,Li Puyuan,Ke Lige and Fang Wen%中国美术史研究受西方艺术史观的影响及其对策——以滕固、李朴园、柯律格、方闻为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈池瑜

    2012-01-01

    Chinese art history has changed the closed painting history into the international art tide since the 20th century as we can see from the cases of Chinese art history,such as Chen Shizeng and Pan Tianshou's The History of China Painting influenced by Japanese art historians in 1920s,Li Puyuan's An Introduction to the History of Chinese Art and Teng Gu's History of the Tang and Song Painting influenced by the Western historical materialism in1930s,and the British scholar Ke Lige's Ming art research and the Chinese American scholars Fang Wen's Chinese art history studies in the late period of the 20th century.There are two primary paths as following: On the one hand,the theories and methods of the Japanese and the Western have profoundly impacted on the study of art history scholars in China;On the other hand,China's scholars like Fang Wen have created new research methods to respond to the challenge of Western art historians so as to promote the in-depth development of Chinese art history into the international world,which should be one of the countermeasures and directions of China art history research in the 21st century.%从20世纪30年代滕固《唐宋绘画史》、李朴园《中国艺术史概论》所受西方风格理论与唯物史观的影响,再到20世纪下半叶英国学者柯律格的明代艺术研究及旅美华人学者方闻的中国艺术史研究的案例中,可以看出20世纪以来中国美术史研究已经改变了此前那种封闭的画史、书史研究状态,进入到国际艺术史学的大潮中。主要路径有两方面:一方面,西方的艺术史观与方法深刻地影响了中国学者的艺术史研究;另一方面,如方闻那样,以创造新的中国艺术史研究、分析方法来应对西方艺术史学的挑战,从而推动中国艺术史学的深入发展和融入国际艺术史学的大背景。

  7. Rational Solution To Income Gap

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    While enjoying an economic boom, China has seen a widening income gap that has appeared like a chasm between its urban and rural citizens. What are the deep roots of this situation and what is the best way to deal with it? Ding Yuanzhu, researcher at the Macro-Economic Research Institute of the National Development and Reform Commission, shares his views on this issue in an article published in Wen Hui Bao. Excerpts follow:

  8. Hong Kong: Ten Years After the Handover

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-06-29

    stockholder of the newspaper, Robert Kuok Hock Nien; and in 2004, the hosts of the radio shows “Smoke Signals” (Fung Yin), “Teacup in a Tempest” (Fung Bor...35 For a description of the pre-Handover Hong Kong economic network, see Hong Hong Advantage, by Michael Enright , Edith Scott, and David Dodwell...Hong Kong & the Pearl River Delta: The Economic Interaction, by Michael J. Enright , Chang Ka Mun, Edith Scott, and Zhu Wen Hui, sponsored by the 2022

  9. R176X mutant homozygote in phenylketonuria firstly detected in Hui nationality in China: One case report%中国回族首次检出苯丙酮尿症R176X突变型纯合子:1例报告

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余伍忠; 仇东辉; 宋昉; 刘丽; 金煜炜; 余良宽; 石小湘

    2007-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Phenylketonuria is caused by gene mutation of phenylalanine hydroxylasel (PAH), which is mainly induced by permutation, short segments and insertion of base.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the gene mutation of phenylalanine hydroxylasel in phenylketonuria in Hui nationality.DESIGN: Open study.SETTING: Urumqi General Hospital of Lanzhou Military Area Command of Chinese PLA; Capital Pediatrics Institute.PARTICIPANTS: A boy of Hui nationality in China and aged 3.1 years was selected in this study. The boy had intellect hysteresis in his one year and received medical treatment in his three years, while he was diagnosed as cerebral paralysis. After repeatedly inefficient treatment, he was hospitalized in our hospital on December 13, 2004. Iron sesquichloride in urine was strongly positive and concentration of serum phenylalanine was 1 680 μmol/L; therefore, he was diagnosed as the typical phenylketonuria.METHODS: 5 mL venous blood was selected from the boy and his parents, respectively, and anticoagulated with EDTA-Na2. DNA in gene group was extracted by using typical phenol/chloroform method. In addition, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) primer sequence of extron 7, 6, 11, 3, 12 and 5 of PAH gene was designed based on references. And then, PCR products were detected with 2% agarose gel electrophoresis. 5 μL PCR products were mixed with the same volume of degenerated buffer solution, degenerated at 97 ℃ for 5 minutes, put in iced bath and performed with 80 g/Lnon-degenerated polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. After that, the products were dealt with sliver staining routinely, and single strand DNA banding patterns were analyzed and recorded. ABI377 automatic sequenator (PE Company) was used to detect PCR sequence and purify PCR product in Shanghai Boya Biotechnology Company.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Iron sesquichloride in urine, concentration of serum phenylalanine and mutant gene types of phenylalanine hydroxylase.RESULTS: Extron 7, 6, 11, 3, 12 and 5 of PAH gene

  10. 黄河流域宁蒙地区二期水权转让模式研究%Research on Pattern of Water Rights Transfer in the Second Stage in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region and Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region of Yellow River Basin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯峰; 荣晓明; 殷会娟; 何宏谋

    2014-01-01

    Aiming at the issue of single pattern,limited water quantity of water rights transfer in the Yellow River basin,the paper proposed four new patterns in the second stage based on the status analysis of the first stage water rights transfer in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region and the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region,and the four patterns were as following,modern agriculture water-saving of water rights transfer,trans-regional water rights transfer,national investment in water conservation projects of water right transfer and pumping irrigation area in the Yellow River basin of water right transfer. Through the feasibility analysis for four water right transfer patterns,the author considers that the two patterns of modern ag-riculture water-saving and trans-regional have higher feasibility,the pattern of national investment in water conservation projects suits to repay the regional water consumption,and the pattern of pumping irrigation area in the Yellow River basin needs further study.%针对黄河流域水权转让模式单一、转让水量有限的问题,在对宁蒙地区一期水权转让现状分析的基础上,提出了二期水权转让4种新的模式:现代农业节水水权转让、跨地市水权转让、国家投资节水项目水权转让和扬黄灌区水权转让。通过对4种水权转让模式的可行性分析,认为现代农业节水水权转让和跨地市水权转让的可行性较高,国家投资节水项目水权转让适宜于偿还区域超用水量,扬黄灌区的水权转让建议进一步讨论后再实施。

  11. 狱侦耳目的证据法问题分析及制度完善--从张辉、张高平冤案视角的反思%Problem Analysis on Evidence Law and System Improvement of Prison Informers-Reflections on Unjust Cases of Zhang Hui and Zhang Gaoping

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    武晓艺

    2016-01-01

    Unjust cases of Zhang Hui and Zhang Gaoping reflect many universally existing problems in the operation of Chinese criminal justice .And the abuse of the system of prison informers is one of the most important causes of such unjust cases .From a legal perspective , the identity of prison informers is of legality and the witness testimony is of credibility , but the abuse of this system leads to the occurrence of unjust cases .Therefore, it is necessary to improve the system of prison informers by confirming the administrative department , strengthening re-ward and punishment mechanism , reinforcing multiple supervision and restriction as well as intensifying court re-view, which will be of great benefit to accelerating the legalization and normalization of investigation procedure , truly restoring case reality , further preventing and eliminating wrongful convictions , as well as promoting judicial fairness and justice .%浙江张辉、张高平冤案反映出我国刑事司法运行中很多普遍性问题。狱侦耳目制度的滥用是酿成此类冤案最重要的原因之一。从法制视角解读狱侦耳目,其身份具有合法性,证人证言具备证据能力,只因制度滥用才导致冤案发生。应当从明确管理部门、强化奖惩机制、加强多方监督制约、严格法庭审查等方面完善狱侦耳目制度。这将对加快侦查程序的法制化、规范化进程、真正还原案件事实、进一步预防和消除冤假错案、促进司法公平正义有所裨益。

  12. Het heilige huis : De gotieke vertelling in de Nederlandse literatuur

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Buikema, Rosemarie; Wesseling, Lies

    2006-01-01

    Terwijl de gothic novel floreerde in de Engelse, Amerikaanse, Duitse en Franse literatuur, lijkt de Nederlandse literatuur zich tot diep in de twintigste eeuw te hebben onthouden van dit omstreden genre. Weliswaar verschenen er de nodige vertalingen, maar producten van eigen bodem lijken nagenoeg no

  13. Vreugde en verdriet in die huis van Jakob

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    p1243322

    b' Die geboorte van Lea se seuns uit haar slavin, Silpa (30:9-16) a' Die geboorte van Lea se .... Nif'al om jouself te bind aan (KBL:475). Lea is oortuig dat haar ..... waar Lea met nadruk vir Jakob gesê het: Ek het jou gehuur (i*yT!r+k ^c = rk)c *).

  14. Terrorisme maritime et piraterie d’aujourd’hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hugues Eudeline

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Hors temps de conflits armés, les actes de violence dans le domaine maritime sont essentiellement de deux sortes : la piraterie, pratiquée à des fins privées, et le terrorisme qui poursuit des objectifs politiques. Répondant à des logiques différentes, ces deux formes de violence constituent, indépendamment, des menaces pour les 50 000 navires marchands qui transportent plus de 90% du commerce mondial. Leur éventuelle collusion, si elle était de grande ampleur, pourrait avoir un effet multiplicateur entraînant des conséquences très importantes sur une économie mondiale fragilisée.L’environnement physique qu’elles partagent est propice aux activités illégales. La mer couvre 71% de la surface du globe et constitue un espace pour l’essentiel libre de toute emprise étatique et impossible à contrôler. Les nombreuses actions des pirates autour de l’Afrique malgré les réactions internationales le montrent à l’envi. En parallèle, la mouvance terrorisme islamiste développe une stratégie d’attaque de l’économie mondiale dont les flux maritimes constituent un des principaux piliers.Les liens des deux activités avec la criminalité les rapprochent également. Le terrorisme les entretient pour des raisons logistiques et financières, alors que la piraterie, avec les différents trafics, en est une composante maritime majeure.Cette proximité et une complémentarité des compétences nécessaires à leur pratique pourraient les rapprocher plus encore. Cette entente contre-nature permettrait d’associer les connaissances nautiques des pirates, marins expérimentés aux capacités de planification des terroristes.Apart from times of high intensity conflict, the two main forms of violence at sea are piracy, and maritime terrorism. If the former is perpetrated at private ends, the latter is politically motivated. Although addressing different ends, both activities are important threats for the 50,000 merchant vessels sailing the oceans and moving 90% of our world’s commerce. A piracy-terrorism nexus, if widely spread, could have lethal consequences for a weakened world economyBoth of them share a physical environment favorable to illegal activities. The oceans covering nearly three-quarters of the planet, freedom of the high seas make them impossible to control. Enduring piracy activities around Africa displays it at will. In parallel, Islamist terrorism implements its strategy targeting the world economy of which sea trade is one of the main pillars. Both activities are also closely linked to criminal activities: Terrorism for logistic purposes, while piracy is one of its main maritime components. Recognizing the close relationship between both activities, along with the complementarities of some specific skills could bring them even closer. Such an unnatural alliance could bring together the seamanship of pirates with the planning expertise of highly motivated terrorists.

  15. 宁夏南部山区6~12岁回汉族学生患龋现况%Dental caries among 6-to 12-year-old Hui and Han students in Ningxia southern mountainous area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊瑞斌; 景俊; 席涛; 王胜朝

    2016-01-01

    目的 了解宁夏南部山区6~12岁回、汉族学生患龋状况,为有效开展龋病防治提供参考.方法 采用分层整群随机抽样方法,抽取宁夏南部山区6个区县12所小学2 907名6~ 12岁小学生进行龋病流行病学调查.结果 6~12岁学生总患龋率为60.7%,龋均为(1.76±2.08),龋齿充填构成比为1.6%;第一恒磨牙患龋率为26.8%,龋均为(0.45±0.86),龋齿充填构成比为2.4%,窝沟封闭率为6.7%;乳牙患龋率为47.0%,龋均为(1.31±1.87),龋齿充填构成比为1.3%.以上各指标不同民族、年龄、地区间差异均有统计学意义(P值均<0.01),城乡、性别之间差异均无统计学意义(P值均>0.05).城市学生第一恒磨牙窝沟封闭率为10.2%,乡镇学校的窝沟封闭率为0.结论 宁夏南部山区6~12岁回、汉族学生患龋率较高,龋齿充填构成比、窝沟封闭率较低,应加强综合干预防龋措施.%Objective To investigate dental caries among 6-to 12-year-old Hui and Han students in Ningxia southern mountainous area.Methods Dental caries was assessed among 2 907 students aged from 6 to 12 years from 12 primary schools of Ningxia southern mountainous area by using the stratified,cluster sampling.Results The prevalence rate of caries was 60.7%,and the DMFT/dmft was(1.76±2.08).The filled rate of the total caries was 2.7%;prevalence rate of the first molars caries was 26.8% and the DMFT was(0.45±0.86).The filled rate of the caries was 2.4% in the first molars,and the rate of pit and fissure was 6.7%;the prevalence rate of deciduous tooth caries was 47% and the dmft was(1.31±1.87),and the filled rate of the caries was 1.3% in deciduous tooth.There were significant difference on caries status between nationality and age and region(P<0.01),but no significant difference between gender(P>0.05).The rate of pit and fissure in the first permanent molar was 10.2% among students in the urban school,while no students with was

  16. Characteristics of Yersinia enterocolitica genes isolated in Ningxia Hui autonomous region from 1997 to 2010%1997-2010年宁夏回族自治区小肠结肠炎耶尔森菌致病性的基因特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝琼; 刘翔; 郭邦成; 闫立群; 谢明英; 金东; 王鑫; 崔志刚; 景怀琦

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解宁夏回族自治区小肠结肠炎耶尔森菌主要毒力基因分布情况和致病性小肠结肠炎耶尔森菌分子分型特征。方法 于1997-2010年在宁夏回族自治区共分离得到283株小肠结肠炎耶尔森菌,用PCR法分析其黏附侵袭位点基因(ail)、耐热肠毒素A基因(ystA)、ystB、黏附素基因(yadA)、毒力活化因子基因(virF);应用限制性内切酶Not Ⅰ酶切致病性小肠结肠炎耶尔森菌染色体DNA进行脉冲场凝胶电泳(PFGE),利用BioNumerics软件进行聚类分析。结果 209株O∶3、O∶9血清型小肠结肠炎耶尔森菌中ail、ystA、yadA、virF毒力基因阳性,ystB为阴性的占97.6%( 204/209);O∶8血清型和未开展血清分型的菌株5种毒力基因全部阴性;11株O∶5血清型有9株5种毒力基因全部阴性。将致病性菌株进行PFGE分型,根据染色体DNA的Not Ⅰ酶切图谱,将29株O∶3血清型分成12个PFGE带型,包含5株以上的优势PFGE带型有2种。180株O∶9血清型菌株分成13个PFGE带型,包含10株以上的优势PFGE带型有4种,各自是从同一地区猪与家鼠、猪与犬、猪与野兔分离。结论 宁夏地区O∶3、O∶9血清型小肠结肠炎耶尔森菌具有致病性,O∶3逐步成为如今的优势血清型;O∶5、O∶8与血清未分型的菌株无致病性。%Objective To investigate the distribution of virulent genes of Yersinia enterocolitica (Y. enterocolitica) in Ningxia Hui autonomous region and the characteristics of the molecular patterns of Y. enterocolitica. Methods 283 strains of Y. enterocolitica were isolated in Ningxia Hui autonomous region between year 1997 and 2010. The genes ail,ystA,ystB,yadA and virF were analyzed by PCR method; the chromosomal DNA of Y. enterocolitica was digested by restriction endonucleases Not Ⅰ and processed by pulsed-field gel electrophoreses (PFGE) ; and then the cluster analysis were conducted by BioNumeric computer

  17. 电针百会、风府穴对脑I/R损伤大鼠海马区CPG15表达影响的实验研究%Effects of Eiectroacupuncture Bai Hui, Feng Fu on CPG15 Expression of Hippocampus in Rats with Cerebral Ischemic Reperfusion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐晓敏; 秦正玉; 何宗宝; 王家琳; 吴生兵; 汪克明

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨电针对局灶性脑缺血再灌注大鼠神经功能的恢复及海马区神经可塑性相关基因15(CPG15)表达影响的情况.方法 60只SD大鼠,雌雄各半,随机分为正常对照组、模型组、电针经穴组、电针非经穴组、西药对照组.采用线栓法制备局灶性脑缺血再灌注模型,电针经穴组电针百会、风府穴,电针非经穴组电针大鼠臀部非经非穴位置,电针以疏波2Hz,强度3 mA~5mA,持续电针30 min,每天1次,连续治疗2周.西药对照组以尼莫地平20 mg/(kg·d)灌胃,每日2次,连续灌胃2周.2周后Longa5分法对大鼠神经功能缺损评分,并取材,运用免疫组化法检测大鼠缺血侧海马区CPG15表达情况.结果 模型组大鼠神经功能缺损评分及缺血侧海马区CPG15表达显著高于正常对照组(P<0.01);电针经穴组与西药治疗组大鼠神经功能评分及海马区CPG15表达差异无统计学意义(P>0.05),而与模型组比较,电针经穴组与西药治疗组神经功能评分及海马区CPG15表达均有统计学意义(P<0.01);电针非经穴组大鼠神经功能缺损评分及缺血侧海马区CPG15表达与模型组比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论 电针可改善脑缺血再灌注大鼠神经功能,并提高海马区CPG15的表达,电针对脑缺血再灌注后脑细胞的神经可塑性有促进作用.%Objective To investigate the effects of electroacupuncture on canidate plasticity- related gene 15CCPG15) expression of hippocampus in rats with cerebral ischemic reperfusion(I/R). Methods Sixty sprague - dawley rats were randomly divided into normal group (group 1) ,cerebral ischemic reperfusion model group (group 2) .electroacupuncture on meridian acupoints group (group 3),electroacupuncture on non - meridian acupoints group (group 4) .and nimodiping group (group 5). Rat models with cerebral ischemia reperfusion were prepared by modified suture. Electroacupuncture was applied on Bai Hui(TV20) and .Feng Fu

  18. 旅游对目的地社区族群认同的影响——以三亚回族为例%The impact of tourism on ethnic identity for destination community: A case study of Hui Nationality

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙九霞; 陈浩

    2012-01-01

    The ethnic issue is an important subject in current academic circles,which was related to several conflicts at home and abroad.The study of ethnic identity is the basis and the difficulty of ethnic studies.As a kind way of inter-ethnic communication,the impact of tourism on ethnic identity should be a great concern,especially on the destination communities,as a result of the booming of tourism.The current study of tourism impact on ethnic identity of destination communities focused more on the destinations which take ethnic culture as its main tourism attractions,where the residents' ethnic identity might be misled by commercial advertising.So this study chooses the Hui minority community in Sanya of Hainan as a case destination,which is not taking ethnic culture as its main attraction. In order to investigate the changes of the residents' ethnic identity before and after tourism development,this article takes cultural anthropology's research strategy and uses observations,interviews and documentation analyze as research methods and finds that the residents'' main occupations related to tourism include tourism commodity selling,tourism transportation business and tourism catering business.This study also finds that tourism development does impact local residents' ethnic identity.Some conclusions can be drawn as follows.Firstly,religious awareness has been enhanced.Thanks to tourism participation,the Hui people have got much more earnings than before and could afford the expense of hajj and studying overseas in Islamic countries,thus,transit the architectural style of mosque and folk residences from Chinese to Arabian,and enlarge the mosques to meet the needs of educational and cultural functions. Secondly,traditional customs have changed.The status of working women has promoted due to the women's participation in tourism business,and the marriage taboos got loosened.Along with the necessity of tourism development,the cigarette and alcohol taboos has

  19. 15个谷子品种在宁夏4个区域的适应性鉴定与筛选%Assessment and Screening of 1 5 Millet Varieties for Adaptability in Four Areas of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓娟; 程炳文; 杨军学; 罗世武; 王晓军; 王勇; 张尚沛

    2016-01-01

    Aiming at resolving the problems existing in millet production in Ningxia Hui Autonomous region (Ningxia),China,which include varietal admixture and the indiscriminate adoption of millet varieties,we performed a field trial to evaluate 15 high-quality millet varieties for their field performance in four different ecological areas in Ningxia.A randomized block design was used in the trial. A number of growth and yield parameters were measured and analyzed for these varieties,consisting of growth period,plant height, panicle traits,and yield.By comparing the parameters of the 15 varieties planted in the four ecological areas,we identified five millet varieties that outperformed the others in each area,which varied with the specific ecological area involved.Specifically,the five varie-ties suitable for planting in Touying area are Longgu 11,Datong 29,Jingu 13,Jingu 25,and Jingu 40.The five for Xiji area are Long-gu 11,Longgu 13,Jingu 40,Black Millet,and Gold Millet.The five for Tongxin area are Jingu 29,Jigu 12,Jingu 22,Jingu 40,and Longgu 11.The five for Yanchi area are Jingu 13,Datong 29,Jingu 25,Jingu 29,and Gold Millet.%为解决宁夏谷子生产中存在品种混杂与选种盲目等问题,采用随机区组试验设计,在宁夏不同生态区域引进15个优良谷子品种,通过田间种植鉴定与室内分析化验,对不同品种的生育期、株高、穗部性状和产量等进行比较分析,从中筛选出适宜宁夏不同生态区域种植的优势谷子品种5个,其中头营为陇谷11号、大同29号、晋谷13号、晋谷25号和晋谷40号;西吉为陇谷11号、陇谷13号、晋谷40号、黑谷子和黄金谷;同心为晋谷29号、济谷12号、晋谷22号、晋谷40号和陇谷11号;盐池为晋谷13号、大同29号、晋谷25号、晋谷29号和黄金谷。

  20. Landuse Change and Its Environmental Effect in Ecologically Vulnerable Area——A Case Study in Arid Area of Central Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region%生态脆弱区土地利用格局变化及其环境效应——以宁夏回族自治区中部干旱带为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾科利; 姚玉玲; 郭占军; 叶蔚

    2011-01-01

    基于遥感、GIS技术、景观生态学及层次分析方法,以宁夏回族自治区中部干旱带为研究区,利用1978年MSS以及1987,1996,2007年的TM/ETM遥感影像为数据源,对该区域近30a来土地利用格局变化及环境效应进行了分析。结果表明,30a来该区耕地和建设用地有不同程度的增加,新增耕地主要来自未利用土地和草地,建设用地面积的增加主要来源于耕地和未利用土地;耕地和未利用土地向林地、草地转化是林地和草地面积增加的主要来源。由于受人类活动的干扰,研究区土地利用景观结构发生了较大变化,土地利用格局变化产生了景观破碎化,景观异质性增加,生态环境退化等生态效应。但20世纪90年代中后期以来,在以还林还草、禁牧及水利等综合治理工程为核心的生态环境治理措施调控下,土地利用结构得以调整,植被覆盖增加,区域生态环境质量逐步得以改善。%Using the methods of remote sensing,geographical information system(GIS),landscape ecology and analytic hierarchy process(AHP),this paper analyzed the change of landuse pattern and its ecological and environmental effects in arid area of central Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region from 1978 to 2007 based on the MSS image in 1978 and Landsat TM/ETM images in 1987,1996,2007.The results showed that areas of farmland and construction areas increased in the past 30 years.The newly-increased farmlands mainly came from unused land and grassland,while the newly-increased lands for construction mainly came from farmland and unused lands.At the same time,the forest land and grassland decreased from 1978 to 1987,and increased from since 1987.The sources of increased area were primary farmland and unused land.These changes caused great changes in landscape such as landscape fragmenting and heterogeneity and declining of environmental quality from 1978 to 1987.The index of environmental effect was only 0.118 in 1987

  1. 甘肃省临夏回族自治州碘缺乏病健康教育效果评价%Effect evaluation of health education on iodine deficiency disorders prevention in Linxia Hui autonomous prefecture of Gansu province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹永琴; 王燕玲; 窦瑜贵; 李洪波; 郑菁; 孙玮; 朱小南

    2013-01-01

    良好模式,提高了健康教育的可行性和和可及性,其效果更加持久.%Objective To evaluate the effect of health education on the target population of iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) in Linxia Hui autonomous prefecture.Methods During 2006-2010,IDD health education was carried out in the target population of Linxia Hui autonomous prefecture,and IDD knowledge of 5th grade pupil and 20-50 years old child-bearing women were surveyed by stratified sampling and questionnaire survey methods to evaluate the effect of health education.Results After health education,IDD knowledge passing rate rose from 55.6% (548/986) and 18.0%(118/657) to 90.0%(1103/1225) and 86.2%(687/797) among pupils and women,respectively.The awareness rates of iodine deficiency in causing goiter,mental retardation and birth born silly children,and the key role of iodized salt in controling IDD were increased from 79.2% (781/986),76.5% (754/986),51.7% (510/986) and 82.3% (811/986) to 88.8% (1088/1225),85.6% (1049/1225),68.7% (842/1225) and 90.0% (1103/1225) among pupils,and from 48.6% (319/657),28.3% (186/657),15.4% (101/657) and 39.6% (260/657) to 86.2% (687/797),70.0% (558/797),46.3% (369/797) and 87.3% (696/797) among women,and all the difference were significant,respectively.Belief rate held by students that health education can prevent iodine deficiency disorders was 87.3% (1069/1225),and 52.9% (648/1225) of the students told their parents about IDD.The rate of consciously purchase of qualified iodized salt was 87.1% (694/797) after health education among women of childbearing age,and the consumption rate of iodized salt was 64.6%(515/797).More than 90% of the people in relevant departments knew iodine deficiency disorders related knowledge,in particular,had a clear understanding of intellectual hazards caused by iodine deficiency,and actively supported and participated in health education in the prevention and control of iodine

  2. Eléments de théorie des graphes

    CERN Document Server

    Bretto, Alain; Hennecart, François

    2012-01-01

    Ce livre est une introduction d velopp e la th orie des graphes. Autour de cette th orie se d veloppe aujourd'hui l'un des domaines les plus f conds et les plus dynamiques des mah matiques et de l'informatique. La th orie des graphes permet de r pr senter un ensemble complexe d'objets en exprimant les relations entre les l ments: r seaux de communication, circuits lectriques, etc. Le livre pr sente le langage et les notions l mentaires de cette th orie, les diff rents types de graphes (bipartis, arbres, arborescences, graphes eul riens et hamiltoniens, etc.); il tudie les relations entre les g

  3. Respond to Emergency, Safeguard Constitutional Rights and Restrain Public Power More Effectively by Reform and Innovation- Taking the Rescue Lessons of Yong - Wen Line Bullet Train Rear- End Accident as a Study Clue%通过改革创新更有效地应对突发事件、保障基本权利、约束公共权力——以甬温线动车追尾事故救援处置工作教训为研究线索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    莫于川

    2012-01-01

    Yong -wen Line accident has warned that the malpractice of integration of government administration with enterprise should be rectified in railway system. Meanwhile, it has revealed many problems existing in the legal construction of emergency in in railway system. However, to slolve those problems should enhance both the hardware and sofeware construction by reform and innovation of legal system to more effectively respond to emergency, safeguard constitutional rights and restrain public power.%甬温线特大事故警示人们,必须坚决纠正铁路系统政企不分的弊端;甬温线特大事故充分暴露出铁路系统应急法制建设的诸多问题和矛盾,应当予以分析解决;不但应从加强“硬件建设”的角度,还应从加强“软件建设”的角度,配套采取体制、机制和法制改革创新举措,依法有效地应对突发事件、保障基本权利、约束公共权力,提高铁路系统的危机管理和应急法制水平。

  4. 身体性经验的政治维度及学科意义*--以民歌《高大人领兵》对“同治回民起义”的表征为例%Body experience as an aesthetic dimension:A study of the representation of the revolt of the Hui people in the period of Emperor Tongzhi in the folk song General Gao Leading an Army

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    强东红

    2016-01-01

    It is necessary to enrich the political dimension of the contemporary Chinese aesthetic theory against the West aca-demic background which has experienced a political turn in the theoretic construction.With more political concentration,the aesthetic theory should pay more attention to the body experience of the ordinary people in their daily life.This paper gives an a-nalysis of the representation of the revolt of the Hui people in the period of Emperor Tongzhi in the folk song General Gao Lead-ing an Army,which reveals that the body experience of the ordinary people is a material basis for constructing an aesthetic theo-ry and a general criterion for aesthetic criticism.%在当代西方理论呈现出一种政治转向的学术背景下,丰富当代中国美学的政治维度就显得非常必要。在加强政治考量时,美学理论应该关注普通民众的日常生活中的身体感受和身体性经验。从西部民歌《高大人领兵》对“同治回民起义”的表征来看,广大民众的有血有肉的身体可以成为美学理论建设的现实物质基础和美学批评的普遍标准与尺度。

  5. 在心理学的荒芜之处探寻心灵--孙惠芬的《生死十日谈》对乡村个体精神空间的呈现%Exploration of the Soul in the Barren Place from the Perspective of Psychology---The spiritual world of each country dweller presented by Sun hui-fen in “Life and Death Decameron”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王莉

    2015-01-01

    认为孙惠芬的小说《生死十日谈》的意义是在心理学的荒芜之处探寻心灵,为每个乡村个体生命寻找存在的理由,真诚地呈现了乡村个体的精神空间。作家用独特的视角和温暖的讲述为乡村个体生命代言,为每个自杀的当事人及其亲属写下各自的故事,呈现了乡村人的尊严、活法和信仰。甚至可以说,是孙惠芬的书写让世人知道他们曾经存在过。这是孙惠芬作为一个作家对生命和尊严的贡献。%It is argued that the significance of Sun hui-fen's novel “life and death Decameron”lies in its exploration of the soul in the barren place. It sincerely reveals the spiritual world of each individual in the countryside and searches the reasons for their existence. From a unique angle and with warmth, the writer writes down the stories of each suicide and their relatives, which have demonstrated the dignity, ways of living and beliefs of the people in the countryside. It can be even argued that her writing has acquainted the world with the fact that those people have existed in the world, which is her contribution to the theme of life and dignity as a writer.

  6. 文化价值观对会计估计职业判断影响的实证研究——以新疆地区维吾尔族、汉族和回族为研究对象%An Empirical Research on Influence of Culture on the Measurement of Accounting Estimates——Taking the Han,Uygur and Hui Nationalities in Xinjiang as Subjects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡本源; 依不拉音·玉买尔

    2012-01-01

    Taking the accountants from the Han,Uygur and Hui nationalities in Xinjiang as subjects,this paper examines the influence of culture values difference among the three nationalities on the measurement of accounting estimates.Our results indicate that,given the same economic facts,judgments among the accountants from the three nationalities vary significantly and culture interacts with decision-making behavior under uncertain circumstances.Our results suggest accountants' application and explanation to financial reporting rules are controlled and influenced by their cultural values.Therefore,the international coordination of accounting standards,can,by no means,be realized by issuing a set of accounting standards consistent with the international practice.%本文以新疆地区维吾尔族、汉族和回族会计人员为研究对象,研究了这三个民族文化价值观的差异对会计人员会计估计计量的影响。研究结果发现:面对相同的经济事项,这三个民族会计人员的会计估计计量结果存在着显著的差异,且会计估计计量结果的差异还受到不确定环境呈现方式的影响。研究结果表明:会计人员解释和运用会计准则的方式受其文化价值观的支配和影响,因此,会计准则的国际协调决不是仅仅通过发布一套与国际惯例一致的会计准则就可以完成的。

  7. The KAP status of Iodine Deficiency Disorders in Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture of Gansu in 2010%2010年甘肃省临夏回族自治州碘缺乏病知行信现状调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹永琴; 王燕玲; 窦瑜贵; 李洪波; 郑菁; 孙玮; 朱小南; 王尹

    2012-01-01

    Objective To survey status on health education of Iodine Deficiency Disorders (IDD) in IDD serious endemic areas in Gansu Province. Methods The stratified sampling and questionnaire survey methods were selected in 8 counties. 1225 primary school students in Grade 5 and 797 childbearing women were enrolled. Results The percentage of the pupil awareness about the role of IDD resulting in goiter, the role of IDD playing in intelligence damage, the role of IDD playing in bom silly children were 88. 8% , 85. 6% , 68. 7% respectively (P < 0.05), and 86. 2% , 70. 0% , 46. 3% among women (P < 0. 05), those rates in women were lower than that in pupils (P < 0. 05). The pupil who knew iodated salt as the key measure to prevent IDD were 90. 0% , and 87. 3% among women. 87. 3% of pupils believed that IDD could be prevented by iodized salt, and 52. 9% of them told this information to parent The women who were buying and eating iodized salt consciously were 60. 2% and 69. 8%. Conclusion Through school health education model, level of integrated knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) in Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture were higher than province lev-eL However KAP were obviously difference among counties, target population and health knowledge. It should be carried out process evaluation and religion based health education model to understand and solve these problems, and strengthen attitude and practice on health education intervention for sustaining development%目的 了解甘肃省碘缺乏病重点地区碘缺乏病健康教育现状.方法 采用随机抽样方法对临夏州8县(市)1225名五年级小学生和797名育龄妇女进行碘缺乏病问卷调查.结果 学生对缺碘造成甲状腺肿、智力低下和生傻孩子知晓率分别为88.8%、85.6%和68.7%,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),碘盐是最好防治方法的知晓率为90.0%,向父母宣传的行为具有率为52.9%,认为碘缺乏病一定能预防的信念具有率为87.3%.育龄妇女

  8. [The influence of ZHU Gong's Huo ren shu (A Book for Savings Life)in the Southern Song Dynasty and its Influence on the discipline of Cold Pathogenic Disease].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Ming-Xin

    2012-11-01

    ZHU Gong's Huo ren shu (A Book for Saving Life) is a famous work in the history of research on Treatise on Cold Damage Diseases. It has great influence on the study of cold pathogenic disease, especially that of the Song dynasty. Many authors reedited or annotated this book to inherit and developed the idea of the Huo ren shu. Thus, a lot of new books, including annotations, revisions, citations, or discussions, appeared. WANG Su's Zeng shi nan yang huo ren shu (Amplified Annotated Huorenshu), for example, is one of them. Those compiled as rhymes or knacks include XU Shu-wei's Shang han bai zheng ge (The Rhymes of Hundred Kinds of Cold Damage Disease), LI Zhi-xian's Huo ren shu kuo (Introduction to Huorenshu), QIAN Wen-li's Shang han bai wen ge (Hundred Questions on Cold Damage Disease), YANG Shi-ying's Shang han lei shu huo ren zong kuo (A General Introduction to Huorenshu, a Classified Book of Cold Damage Disease), and TANG Yin-cai's Shang han jie huo lun (Essay to Answering Suspicions on Cold Damage Disease). Those cited or inherited the book include LI Cheng's Shang han yao zhi (Gist of Cold Damage Disease), GUO Yong's Shang han bu wang lun (Supplements to Cold Damage Disease), SUN Zhi-ning's Shang han jian yao shi shuo (Ten Simple Discourses on Cold Damage Disease), and CHEN Zi-ming's Guan jian da quan liang fang (A Complete Effective Formulary with my Own Opinions). Those differentiating the essentials of the Huorenshu including CHENG Jiong's Huo ren shu bian (Differentiation for Huorenshu), and LU Zu-chang's Ni jin huo ren can tong yu yi (An Elaboration on Huorenshu to be Presented). All the above books indicate the impact of the Huorenshu, and show its influence on later ages as well.

  9. YINSHUN'S RECOVERY OF SHIZHU PIPOSHA LUN A MADHYAMAKA-BASED PURE LAND PRACTICE IN TWENTIETH-CENTURY TAIWAN

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Travagnin, Stefania

    2013-01-01

    Yinshun (1906-2005) is regarded as one of the eminent monks of twentieth-century Chinese Buddhism. In the mission of reinventing Chinese Buddhism Yinshun engaged particularly in the revival and restatement of Madhyamaka. His interpretation of Ngrjuna's texts, the reassessment of the links between pr

  10. Yi zhi xing jiao yi zhe, fangdichan paomo yu fangdichan zhengce: jian lun zhongguo de fangdichan zhengci

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bao, T.; Wang, Y.

    2011-01-01

    Based on the classical De Long et al (1990), we build a model of housing bubbles to analyze the role of market imperfections (noise traders, liquidity constraint, limited liability and weak property rights protections, etc) and their interactions in the formation of housing bubbles. We show that the

  11. Daoismus, Individuum und Masse in Döblins "Die drei Sprünge des Wang-Lun"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Flemming Finn

    2012-01-01

    Artiklen behandler Alfred Döblins forhold til den daoistiske filosofi og denne filosofis (herunder især det såkaldte "wu-wei"-princip om dobbeltheden af aktivitet og passivitet) betydning som grundlag for behandlingen af forholdet mellem individ og masse i hans kinesiske revolutionsroman "Die drei...

  12. 汉、藏、回族地区农户的社会资本比较——以甘肃省张掖市、甘南藏族自治州、临夏回族自治州为例%Comparison on the Social Capital of Peasant Household in Han, Zang and Hui Nationality Region: Case of Zhangye, Gannan and Linxia in Gansu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵雪雁; 赵海莉

    2013-01-01

    社会资本作为实现可持续发展的关键资本,已引起学术界与决策层的广泛关注.本研究以甘肃省张掖市、甘南藏族自治州、临夏回族自治州为研究区,从网络、普遍信任、制度信任、规范等维度出发建立了社会资本测量量表,基于入户调查资料,对比分析了汉、藏、回族地区农户的社会资本特征.研究发现:①甘南州农户的社会资本总指数最高、幅夏州次之、张掖市最低,与其他维度相比,张掖市与甘南州农户的普遍信任度欠缺,而临夏州农户的制度信任度欠缺;②临夏州农户的网络水平高于张掖市与甘南州,张掖市农户参与率最高的协会/组织为医疗合作组织,而临夏州与甘南州为宗教协会;③甘南州农户的制度信任度远高于张掖市与临夏州;④甘南州农户的普遍信任度与规范水平均最高,临夏州次之,张掖市最低,且三个地区农户对同质群体的信任度均高于对异质群体的信任度,农户的互助水平均高于奉献水平与和睦程度;⑤农户户主受教育程度、劳动力数量、社会地位、与外界交流强度、生活满意度以及地区民族属性均对农户社会资本的不同维度产生显著影响.最后,指出了民族地区社会资本研究中需进一步关注的问题.%Social capital plays an increasingly important role in regional development. As a key capita) to obtain region sustainable development, it has attracted increasing attention. In this study,the study area includes Zhangye City, Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture and Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture. We set up the social capital measurement scale from net, general trust, institution trust and norm dimension,and then analyze the social capital features in the Han,Tibetan and Hui nationality region by the field survey data. The results show;①The social capital index of peasant household in Gannan is the highest, which is 3. 650. The second place is

  13. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    operation, many studies have been conducted worldwide.3ř In this paper, the development of a poly emitter silicon bipolar npn transistor suitable...electron-hole pair by means of collision ionization in the depletion region of the BC junction.21 Let us use an npn transistor as an example (see...Appraisal [Qian Weihua; WEN HUI BAO, 7 Nov 92] 44 JPRS-CST-92-025 nu. „ 16 December 1992 3 <-«"«« Silicon Bipolar Transistors With Poly Emitter

  14. Variations of shear wave splitting in the 2008 Wen chuan earthquake region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DING ZhiFeng; WU Yan; WANG Hui; ZHOU XiaoFeng; LI GuiYin

    2008-01-01

    Through the analysis of S-wave particle motion of local events in the shear wave window, the polarization directions of the faster shear wave and the delay times between the faster and the slower shear waves were derived from seismic recordings at the stations near the fault zones. The shear wave splitting results of seven stations in the area of Longmenshan fault zone reveal spatial variation of the polarization directions of the fast shear wave. The directions at stations in the southeastern side of the Longmenshan fault zone (in the Sichuan Basin area) are in the NE direction, whereas the direction at station PWU (in the Plateau), which is in the northwestern side of the faults, is in the EW direction.Systematic changes of the time delays between two split shear waves were also observed. At station L5501 in the southern end of the aftershock zone, the delay times of the slower shear wave decrease systematically after the main shock. After the main shock, the delay times at station PWU were longer than those before the earthquake. Seismic shear wave splitting is caused mostly by stress-aligned microcracks in the rock below the stations. The results demonstrate changes of local stress field during the main-shock and the aftershocks. The stress in the southern part of Wenchuan seismogenic zone was released by the main-shock and the aftershocks. The crustal stresses were transferred to the northeastern part of the zone, resulting in stress increase at station PWU after the main-shock.

  15. The Variation of Riverbed Material due to Tropical Storms in Shi-Wen River, Taiwan

    OpenAIRE

    Chin-Ping Lin; Yu-Min Wang; Tfwala, Samkele S.; Ching-Nuo Chen

    2014-01-01

    Taiwan, because of its location, is a flood prone region and is characterised by typhoons which brings about two-thirds to three quarters of the annual rainfall amount. Consequently, enormous flows result in rivers and entrain some fractions of the grains that constitute the riverbed. Hence, the purpose of the study is to quantify the impacts of these enormous flows on the distribution of grain size in riverbeds. The characteristics of riverbed material prior to and after the typhoon season a...

  16. Reviving ancient Chinese mathematics mathematics, history and politics in the work of Wu Wen-Tsun

    CERN Document Server

    Hudecek, Jiri

    2014-01-01

    Twentieth-century China has been caught between a desire to increase its wealth and power in line with other advanced nations, which, by implication, means copying their institutions, practices and values, whilst simultaneously seeking to preserve China's independence and historically formed identity. Over time, Chinese philosophers, writers, artists and politicians have all sought to reconcile these goals and this book shows how this search for a Chinese way penetrated even the most central, least contested area of modernity: science.Reviving Ancient Chinese Mathematics is a study of the life

  17. RESEARCH ON AMSAA-BISE MODEL—AN ANSWER TO MEI WEN-HUA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周源泉

    2001-01-01

    The AMSAA-BISE model is derived from another approach. This certainly shows the correctness of the AMSAA- BISE model, and indicates the incorrectness of the approximate model given in this paper. The engineering example illustrating these conclusions is given.Merits and demerits of AMSAA and AMSAA-BISE model are discussed.

  18. Flying Freely in a Black-and-White World——Young photographer Wen Hengmin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YiRen; PhotobyWenHengmin

    2002-01-01

    Foreign tourists to Beijing aspire to do three things -?climb the Great Wall, eat Beijing roast duck and visit the Panjiayuan flea market. On weekends, the Panjiayuan market attracts thousands of shoppers, both Chinese and foreign. In one corner a unique stand sells pictures. Displayed on one wall and grouped on a table are dozens of black-and-white photographs of folk customs in simple but elegant frames, just like at a photographic exhibition. Many people - young

  19. Analysis on the Protection Measures of Special Culture of the Construction of Ethnic Minorities Villages: Illustrate the Protection Plan of Special Ethnic Minorities of Gansu Province Zhangjiachuan Hui Autonomous County Zhangjiachuan Town Chawan Village%少数民族村寨建设中特色文化保护对策——以甘肃省张家川回族自治县张家川镇查湾村少数民族特色村寨保护规划为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈华; 张萍

    2012-01-01

    少数民族特色鲜明、历史文化积淀丰厚的村寨建筑,是少数民族地区传统文化与生活的集中体现.少数民族村寨是保存少数民族地区传统特色的载体.如何保持和发扬少数民族村寨的文化特征,继承其优秀的文化精粹,在不断提高当地民众居住生活的同时,实现少数民族村寨特色保存的持续发展.结合甘肃省张家川回族自治县张家川镇查湾村少数民族特色村寨保护规划设计,简要分析地域性、民族性特色鲜明的民族文化生态村的保护设想.%Construction of ethnic minorities villages with special characteristics and rich history cultural heritage reflects the traditional culture and life of ethnic minority regions. Ethic minority village is the carrier of protecting the traditional features of ethic minority region. It is an important topic that how to keep and develop culture characteristics of minority village, inherit the excellent culture essence, continuously improve the local people living at the same time, and realize minority village preservation characteristics of sustainable development. Combined with the protection plan and design of Gansu province Zhangjiachuan Hui Autonomous County Zhangjiachuan town Chawan Village, the article briefly analyzes the protection plan of ethnic culture ecology villages with region, national characteristics.

  20. Study on Comprehensive Evaluation and Influencing Factors of Information Service in Rural Areas——Based on the Survey of Village-Level Perspective in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region%农村信息服务综合评价及影响因素研究——基于宁夏回族自治区村级视角的调研分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李瑾; 赵春江; 秦向阳; 袁学国; 张正

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] The establishment of rural information service system is a systematic engineering which is influenced by various elements such as national conditions, regional characteristics, rural economic and social development. In order to understand the status quo, the effect and key influencing factors of rural information service, address the key working and then explore a mechanism of sustainable development for rural information service in new rural construction, this paper gives an analysis of the effect evaluation and influencing factors of rural information service patterns in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region. [Method]The paper constructed a comprehensive evaluation index system for rural information service, combined with AHP and Delphi method to determine the index weight, then measured and evaluated it with Liken Scales. And what is more, it selected four factors for a fitting analysis like GDP, farmers' culture quality, informatization input, net income per capita, network home rate, amount of information technology equipment per capita and information technology training person times seven factors of rural information service with the multiple linear regression model. [Result] The general level of information service was good from the sampled villages, farmers were satisfied with the content of information service and policy and legal guarantee. However, the evaluation on information capacities and construction of information resource were general according to these farmers. Rural information service was mainly relative to farmers culture quality, information input, amount of information technology equipment per capita and information technology training person times rather than GDP, net income per capita and network home rate. The more information input, the stronger the ability of farmers to accept the information, the better service effect. The more poverty backward area, the lower farmers' culture quality got, the better effect of information service

  1. Broadband enhanced transmission of acoustic waves through serrated metal gratings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qi, Dong-Xiang; Fan, Ren-Hao; Deng, Yu-Qiang; Peng, Ru-Wen; Wang, Mu; Jiangnan University Collaboration

    In this talk, we present our studies on broadband properties of acoustic waves through metal gratings. We have demonstrated that serrated metal gratings, which introduce gradient coatings, can give rise to broadband transmission enhancement of acoustic waves. Here, we have experimentally and theoretically studied the acoustic transmission properties of metal gratings with or without serrated boundaries. The average transmission is obviously enhanced for serrated metal gratings within a wide frequency range, while the Fabry-Perot resonance is significantly suppressed. An effective medium hypothesis with varying acoustic impedance is proposed to analyze the mechanism, which was verified through comparison with finite-element simulation. The serrated boundary supplies gradient mass distribution and gradient normal acoustic impedance, which could efficiently reduce the boundary reflection. Further, by increasing the region of the serrated boundary, we present a broadband high-transmission grating for wide range of incident angle. Our results may have potential applications to broadband acoustic imaging, acoustic sensing and new acoustic devices. References: [1] Dong-Xiang Qi, Yu-Qiang Deng, Di-Hu Xu, Ren-Hao Fan, Ru-Wen Peng, Ze-Guo Chen, Ming-Hui Lu, X. R. Huang and Mu Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 106, 011906 (2015); [2] Dong-Xiang Qi, Ren-Hao Fan, Ru-Wen Peng, Xian-Rong Huang, Ming-Hui Lu, Xu Ni, Qing Hu, and Mu Wang, Applied Physics Letters 101, 061912 (2012).

  2. Structured and collaborative search: an integrated approach to share documents among users

    OpenAIRE

    Francq, Pascal

    2003-01-01

    Aujourd'hui, la gestion des documents est l'un des problèmes les plus importants en informatique. L'objectif de cette thèse est de proposer un système de gestion documentaire basé sur une approche appelée recherche structurée et collaborative. Les caractéristiques essentielles sont :Dès lors que les utilisateurs ont plusieurs centres d'intérêts, ils sont décrits par des profils, un profil correspondant à un centre d'intérêt particulier. C'est la partie structurée du système.Pour construire un...

  3. Georges Duby

    OpenAIRE

    Arnoux, Mathieu; Beaucage, Benoît; Braunstein, Philippe; Chiva, Isac; Comet, Georges; DUBY, Georges; Feller, Laurent; Lamaison, Pierre; La Rochefoucauld, Jean-Dominique de; Lévi-Strauss, Claude; Rösener, Werner

    2005-01-01

    Études rurales rend hommage à l'un des fondateurs de la revue, héritier de la géographie humaine, qui fit ses premières rencontres avec la vie des campagnes européennes il y a quarante ans. Des historiens d'aujourd'hui tentent, à la lumière de leurs propres recherches, de situer les apports d'une pensée féconde à une vision économique, technique et sociale du monde rural ancien. Tous les aspects de l'oeuvre de Georges Duby sont évoqués au gré des interviews, des témoignages et des réflexions...

  4. Jane Eyre, Past and Present Jane Eyre, d’hier à aujourd’hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Armelle Parey

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available The present collection of articles along with a few additional contributions contains the proceedings of a conference held at the university of Caen Basse-Normandie, France in May 2004. Entitled “Jane Eyre, Past and Present”, its aim was to study the posterity of Charlotte Brontë’s novel and/or character since its publication in 1847. That two-thirds of the texts studied in this volume were published in the last decade of the twentieth century attests to the fact that rewriting has become a m...

  5. Art d’aujourd’hui, patrimoine de demain. Conservation et restauration des œuvres contemporaines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muriel Verbeeck-Boutin

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Paru, et c’est un tour de force, dans le temps même où débutait le colloque du même nom,  l’ouvrage met à disposition le texte des trente-neuf communications présentées à cette occasion. Les trois journées étaient consacrées à des thématiques diverses, illustrées par des orateurs venus de tous les horizons. La richesse des interventions et leur nombre ne nous permettront pas de nous arrêter à leur détail, et nous proposons ici une introduction, ainsi qu’un bref retour sur les échanges et disc...

  6. He Hui Whakatika: Culturally Responsive, Self Determining Interventions for Restoring Harmony

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bateman, Sonja; Berryman, Mere

    2008-01-01

    The time has come for kaupapa Maori ideology and epistemology to move from the margins and claim legitimate space within the discipline of education. Kaupapa Maori ideology provides a dynamic framework within which Maori are better able to make meaning of the world and work for change. Increasingly, kaupapa Maori is being used to inform policies…

  7. Als de kat van huis is ... : zwerfkatten in Nederland: een inventarisatie

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Neijenhuis, F.; Niekerk, van T.G.C.M.

    2015-01-01

    Het doel van dit Wageningen UR Wetenschapswinkel-project is het inventariseren van de omvang van het zwerfkattenprobleem in Nederland, de karakteristieken van de problematiek, de betrokken stakeholders en de mogelijkheden voor aanpak van het zwerfkattenprobleem. Dit onderzoek is in opdracht van

  8. Leidende motieven bij decentralisatie. Discours, doelstelling en daad in het Huis van Thorbecke

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Raijmakers, Laurens Marie

    2014-01-01

    The subject of this thesis is the administrative relation between the levels of authority in the Netherlands. Focus of attention within this study is the distribution of administrative tasks and legislative power between government tiers. And more particular the way it has developed since the

  9. Dr. GUAN Zun-hui's Clinical Experience in Treating Simple Obesity by Acupuncture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XIA Bo; XIAO Yuan-chun

    2003-01-01

    Objective The clinical effects of acupuncture and massaging abdomen with salt the treatment of simple obesity was observed. Methods: Eighty cases were randomized into two groups: treatment group in which 40 cases were treated by acupuncture and massaging abdomen with salt and control group in which another 40 cases were treated by conventional acupuncture. Their effects were observed and compared. Results: The clinical cure rate and marked effective rate in treatment group were significantly higher than in control group (P<0.01). Conclusion: The clinical effects in the treatment group are much better than those in the control group.

  10. Als de kat van huis is ... : zwerfkatten in Nederland: een inventarisatie

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Neijenhuis, F.; Niekerk, van T.G.C.M.

    2015-01-01

    Het doel van dit Wageningen UR Wetenschapswinkel-project is het inventariseren van de omvang van het zwerfkattenprobleem in Nederland, de karakteristieken van de problematiek, de betrokken stakeholders en de mogelijkheden voor aanpak van het zwerfkattenprobleem. Dit onderzoek is in opdracht van Stra

  11. Gas market is today strategical; Le marche du gaz est aujourd'hui strategique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Darricarrere, Y.L. [Total, 92 - Courbevoie (France)

    2006-07-01

    The energy market, and in particular the gas market, is today seething with excitement. In France, in Europe and in the rest of the world, the energy stakes are in the center of preoccupations. This article is an interview of Y.L. Darricarrere, general director of the gas and electricity division of Total group, who explains his opinions about the opening of European and French energy markets, presents the ambitions of Total group on these markets, and comments some recent events of the European energy scene: concentration between gas and electric utilities, the Suez and Gaz de France (GdF) project of merger, the risks linked with the coming in of national companies from producing countries, like Gazprom and Sonatrach, on the European market, the restriction of access of foreign companies to hydrocarbon reserves in Russia and Latin America (come back of the 'energy nationalism'), Total's policy for anticipating the increase of the world energy demand and the depletion of fossil fuel reserves. (J.S.)

  12. Comment peut-on lire Ivan Hadjiiski aujourd’hui ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Svetla Koleva

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Présentation de deux textes d’Ivan Hadjiiski (1907-1944 : « Les racines historiques de nos traditions démocratiques » paru pour la première fois dans la Revue Philosophique/Filossofski pregled, 1937, 9/1 ; et « Traits atypiques du développement de notre société », paru dans Problèmes sociologiques/Sotziologitcheski problemi, 1986, n° 3, et publiés ici avec l’autorisation des tenants des droits d’auteur.How to read Ivan Hadjiiski today? Introduction to two Ivan Hajiisji’s textsPresentation of Ivan Hadjiiski’s two texts:"Historical roots of our democratic traditions", first published in Philosophical Journal/Filossofski pregled, 1937, 9/1, and "Atypical features of our society’s development" first published in Sociological Problems/Sotziologitcheski problemi, 1986, n° 3, which are published here with the kind authorization of copyright owners.¿Como se puede leer hoy Ivan Hadjiiski?Introducción y análisis de dos textos de Ivan Hadjiiski: "Las raíces históricas de nuestras tradiciones democráticas", publicado por primera vez en EstudioFilosófico/Filossofski pregled, 1937, 9/1, y "Aspectos inhabituales del desarrollo de la sociedad actual" publicado por primera vez en Problemas sociológicos/Sotziologitcheski problemi, 1986, n° 3, y aquí publicados con la amable autorización de los teniendos de los derechos de autor.

  13. Astronomie spatiale infrarouge, aujourd’hui et demain = Infrared space astronomy, today and tomorrow

    CERN Document Server

    Lequeux, J; David, F

    2000-01-01

    This book brings together the lectures given at the Les Houches summer school "Infrared space astronomy, today and tomorrow". It gives a wide overview of infrared astronomy, a wavelength domain crucial for studies of the solar system, stars at the beginning and end of their lives, interstellar matter and galaxies at all distances. Recent developments in observational techniques have been tremendous. The first contributions give an introduction to the basic physical processes and methods of detection and data processing. They are followed by a series of lectures dealing with the wide variety of astronomical objects that can be seen in the infrared.

  14. Jean Pierre Poulain, Manger Aujourd’hui, Attitudes, normes et pratiques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virginie Amilien

    2003-09-01

    Full Text Available Le titre en soi révèle une connaissance approfondie de la recherche sur la consommation, puisque cette différence entre attitudes, normes et pratique est le point commun de la recherche occidentale sur les consommateurs. Après une mise en question des données et de leur interprétation complexe, l’auteur souligne que « L’acte alimentaire pour l’individu est beaucoup plus que le support de la fonction biologique de nutrition » (p. 16 « C’est un acte humain total à travers lequel se retrouvent ...

  15. Le probleme des valeurs a l'ecole française aujourd'hui

    Science.gov (United States)

    Legrand, Louis

    1995-01-01

    Since the 1960s the French public school system has virtually abandoned the attempt to teach moral values, leaving students morally disoriented. The author finds this situation profoundly unhealthy and argues that schools have a responsibility to help in developing the ability of pupils to make moral choices and act accordingly. He rejects the rationalist view that science makes traditional morality unnecessary. At the same time, he recognizes the moral value of the scientific respect of truth and objectivity. He argues for a form of moral education which would inculcate respect for different points of view, cultural norms and religious beliefs, and which would not shy away from addressing morally important issues such as drag abuse, violence, sexuality, social justice, poverty, racism and environmental pollution.

  16. Dossier : L’Amérique militante aujourd’hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sophie Vallas

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Les années 1960 et 70 ont vu le développement florissant d’un militantisme « tous azimuts », d’une mobilisation sans précédent des femmes, des Afro-Américains, des étudiants, des minorités sexuelles, qui a réussi à profondément modifier le paysage social, politique et culturel des Etats-Unis. Les mouvements sociaux et l’activisme politique de cette période ont déjà fait l’objet de nombreux travaux et d’abondantes recherches, et c’est pourquoi ce dossier se donne pour objet d’étude « L’Amériqu...

  17. 《文心雕龙》“赋颂歌赞,则《诗》立其本”说疏解%Interpretation of "The Styles of Fu,Song,Ge and Zan,Originated in The Book of Songs"in The Literary Mind and the Carving Dragons

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高林广

    2012-01-01

    "Wen(style) comes from the Five Classics" is the most important argument of style theory in The Literary Mind and the Carving Dragons.LIU Xie said,"The styles of Fu,Song,Ge and Zan,originated in The Book of Songs." In the part of "Lun Wen Xu Bi",what were explored in The Literary Mind and the Carving Dragons actual were far beyond the above styles.The summary and discussion on stylistic features of The Book of Songs vividly embodied LIU Xie's thought of respecting Classics,from this,we also see the stylistic value of The Book of Songs.%"文源五经"是《文心雕龙》文体论最重要的论点,具体到《诗》,刘勰讲"赋颂歌赞,则《诗》立其本"。在"论文叙笔"部分,《文心雕龙》实际考究的与《诗》有关联的远远超出上述四体。《文心雕龙》对《诗》的文体特点的总结和论述,鲜明地体现了刘勰的宗经思想,也恰当地见出了《诗》的文体价值。

  18. Investigation on several monographs of the Tang dynasty related to Lingnan (Southern Tidges) medicine%唐代几部有关岭南医药专著的考察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    靳士英; 靳朴

    2008-01-01

    、、共著录8部唐代有关岭南的医药专著,至元、明时全佚.今桂林南溪山有宋人摩崖石刻一通;中有、各一条,是唐人郑景岫迄今仅有的遗存.唐代有关南药、海药的专著,有未著撰人的和李珣,李时珍认为两者为一书.今查发现,有一药引一书者,有一药同时引两书者,内容不同,疑为两书.%In the Tang dynasty,eight monographs related to Lingnan medicine were recorded in Yi wen zhi (Bibliography of Arts and Literature) of Xin tang shu (Annals of New Tang Dynasty),Yi wen liie (Brief Bibliography of Arts had Literature) of Tong zhi liie(Brief Annals of General History),Yi wen zhi (Bibliography of Arts and Literature) of Song shi (Annals of Song Dynasty).However,all of them were lost in the Yuan and Ming dynasty.Now,a piece of stone-carving,Gnang nan she sheng lun yang qi tang fang (Nourishing Qi Prescription of Treatise of Keeping Health of Guangnan) was found at the cliff on Nanxi Mountain in Guilin,the descriptions about keeping health prescription and keeping health treatise in Ling nan wei sheng fang (Hygiene Prescriptions of Southern Ridges) were regarded as the only extant version of Guang nan she sheng lun (Treatise of Keeping Health of Guangnan) written by Zheng Jing-xiu in the Tang Dynasty.Monographs about southern Chinese medicines and oversea medicines in the Tang dynasty can be seen,such as Nan hai yao pu (Prescriptions of Nanhai) written by anonymous author and Li Xun's Hai yao ben cao (Oversea Materia Medica).Both claimed by Li Shi-zhen to be the same book.Now,after checking the Zheng he ben cao (Materia Medica of Zhenghe Reign),it is suspicious that these are two different books instead of one,because sometimes,one medicinal item is quoted from one source,while other item can be quoted from the both sourees at the same time with different contexts.

  19. Thoth Tarot : áhrif formfræðinnar á miðlun táknfræðinnar

    OpenAIRE

    Rakel Erna Skarphéðinsdóttir 1991

    2014-01-01

    Thoth Tarot eru tarotspil sem voru hönnuð og útfærð á árunum 1938-1943. Þau voru hugmyndasmíð umdeilda dulspekingsins Aleister Crowley en hann naut dyggilegrar aðstoðar myndlistakonunnar Lady Frieda Harris. Harris myndgerði flóknar hugmyndir Crowley og útfærði yfir í sjötíu og átta myndir spilanna. Harris sýndi afburðaleikni við útfærslu þessa listaverka sem hvert og eitt spil ber vitni um. Thoth Tarot leit þó ekki dagsins ljós fyrr en árið 1969. Hvorki Crowley né Harris lifðu til að sjá T...

  20. Disscuss on the Point of Perpetual Motion in Shanghan Lun%谈《伤寒论》中的恒动观

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张国骏; 焦锟

    2006-01-01

    《伤寒论》中处处体现着恒动观,本文拟从发病、传变、辨证、治疗等方面予以讨论.发病的恒动观主要体现在直中、合病、并病等方面;传变的恒动观主要是指外感病发展过程中的自身所固有的恒动特征;辨证的恒动观主要是指结合证候本身发展趋势进行辨证的审势思维;治疗的恒动观主要反映在针对某些证候的由轻转重、治疗中标本缓急的合理把握两个方面.掌握恒动观,是理解《伤寒论》辨证论治思想精髓及提高临证水平的关键.

  1. 專論/數位環境的著作權法制思考/賴文智;王文君 | Rethinking Copyright Law System in Digital Environment / Wen-chi Lai;Wen-chun Wang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    賴文智、王文君

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available

    本文研究議題為著作權法制面對數位環境衝擊之制度調整思考。本文首先說明數位與網路科技不僅為當代社會著作利用帶來相當多的變化,也使著作權制度面 臨諸多困難議題。藉由對著作權法制發展史與著作權法第1條規定的檢視,本文提出「促進著作流通利用」乃達致著作權法各項立法目的之共同且最主要之途徑(方 法),並嘗試在此脈絡下,檢視合理使用、公開傳輸權、權利管理電子資訊、防盜拷措施的保護及著作權仲介團體條例等制度設計。最終重申並闡釋「促進著作流通 利用」乃是用以檢視著作權制度是否合於當代社會需求之關鍵。

    At first, this paper raises the question on the impacts of Copyright System in digital environment. From reviewing history of Copyright System and Article 1 of Copyright Act, this paper holds that encouraging circulation and use of copyrighted work is main purpose of Copyright Act. This paper describes that facing digital and network technologies, the use of copyrighted work in our society has several changes. These changes, from the point of view that the main purpose of Copyright System is encouraging circulation and use of copyrighted work, make Copyright System facing several difficult issues. Finally, this paper examines several issues of Copyright System, such as, fair use, right of public transmission, electronic rights management information, protection of technological protection measures and Copyright Intermediary Organization Act. Encouraging circulation and use of copyrighted work is always the key of examining whether the Copyright System fit the need of current society.

    頁次:30-38

  2. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Merging galaxies with tidal tails in COSMOS to z=1 (Wen+, 2016)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wen, Z. Z.; Zheng, X. Z.

    2017-02-01

    Our study utilizes the public data and catalogs from multi-band deep surveys of the COSMOS field. The UltraVISTA survey (McCracken+ 2012, J/A+A/544/A156) provides ultra-deep near-IR imaging observations of this field in the Y,J,H, and Ks-band, as well as a narrow band (NB118). The HST/ACS I-band imaging data are publicly available, allowing us to measure morphologies in the rest-frame optical for galaxies at z<=1. The HST/ACS I-band images reach a 5σ depth of 27.2 magnitude for point sources. (1 data file).

  3. Meet the Predators: the Branding Practices behind Dragons’ Den, Shark Tank, and Höhle der Löwen

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Baumann, Sabine; Rohn, Ulrike

    2016-01-01

    abstractThe TV industry has traditionally relied on advertising and subscription fees for revenue. Recently, brand extensions and co-branding strategies have been rediscovered as income sources. A prominent example of such a strategy is the TV format Dragons’ Den, which has been locally produced in

  4. Research tools: ethylene preparation. In: Chi-Kuang Wen editor. Ethylene in plants. Springer Netherlands. Springer Link

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ethylene is a plant hormone that regulates many aspects of plant growth and development, germination, fruit ripening, senescence, sex determination, abscission, defense, gravitropism, epinasty, and more. For experimental purposes, one needs to treat plant material with ethylene and its inhibitors t...

  5. Einige Bemerkungen über den Kaplöwen, Panthera leo melanochaitus (Ch. H. Smith, 1842)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mazak, V.

    1960-01-01

    In seinen Katalogen der Sammlungen des Leidener Museums führt Jentink (1887, p. 81; 1892, p. 95) zwei Schädel und ein aufgestelltes Exemplar von Felis leo Linnaeus an, welche aus der Kap-Kolonie stammen. Leider sind die genauen Fundorte, die Fangdaten und die Sammler unbekannt, ebenso der Weg, auf d

  6. Identifying the Relationships between Water Quality and Land Cover Changes in the Tseng-Wen Reservoir Watershed of Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hone-Jay Chu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The effects on water quality of land use and land cover changes, which are associated with human activities and natural factors, are poorly identified. Fine resolution satellite imagery provides opportunities for land cover monitoring and assessment. The multiple satellite images after typhoon events collected from 2001 to 2010 covering land areas and land cover conditions are evaluated by the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI. The relationship between land cover and observed water quality, such as suspended solids (SS and nitrate-nitrogens (NO3-N, are explored in the study area. Results show that the long-term variations in water quality are explained by NDVI data in the reservoir buffer zones. Suspended solid and nitrate concentrations are related to average NDVI values on multiple spatial scales. Annual NO3-N concentrations are positively correlated with an average NDVI with a 1 km reservoir buffer area, and the SS after typhoon events associated with landslides are negatively correlated with the average NDVI in the entire watershed. This study provides an approach for assessing the influences of land cover on variations in water quality.

  7. Meet the Predators: the Branding Practices behind Dragons’ Den, Shark Tank, and Höhle der Löwen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabine Baumann

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The TV industry has traditionally relied on advertising and subscription fees for revenue. Recently, brand extensions and co-branding strategies have been rediscovered as income sources. A prominent example of such a strategy is the TV format Dragons’ Den, which has been locally produced in many different countries. We use this intriguing case to explore the extensive and intricate co-branding relationships and brand extensions in the business-to-consumer and the business-to-business settings of TV companies. Our paper analyses global adaptations and cultural branding of Dragons’Den; in particular, brand extensions and co-branding strategies.

  8. Lorentz en Einstein. ‘U hier als opvolger te begroeten is een wens die ik lang gekoesterd heb’

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frits Berends

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Lorentz and EinsteinThis paper discusses the special connection between Lorentz and Einstein, and especially Lorentz’ wish to be succeeded by Einstein on his Leiden chair of physics. The relation between the two scholars is one of great mutual respect, which can be illustrated in many ways. After an introduction to illustrate their strikingly different early careers, their interests in early quantum problems and relativity are sketched. These originate from a shared interest in the problems that arose in the electromagnetic theory around 1900. Lorentz’ electron theory, which then counted as the standard electromagnetic theory, had to cope with new fundamental questions. The focus is then shifted to Lorentz’ wish to get Einstein a chair in theoretical physics in The Netherlands. Two attempts in the years 1911–1912 failed, but Lorentz finally succeeded in 1920. Furthermore, this article describes how the first Solvay Council acted as a remarkable catalyst for the changes in the careers of Lorentz, Einstein and Ehrenfest in 1912.

  9. Meet the Predators: the Branding Practices behind Dragons’ Den, Shark Tank, and Höhle der Löwen

    OpenAIRE

    Sabine Baumann; Ulrike Rohn

    2016-01-01

    abstractThe TV industry has traditionally relied on advertising and subscription fees for revenue. Recently, brand extensions and co-branding strategies have been rediscovered as income sources. A prominent example of such a strategy is the TV format Dragons’ Den, which has been locally produced in many different countries. We use this intriguing case to explore the extensive and intricate co-branding relationships and brand extensions in the business-to-consumer and the business-to-business ...

  10. Meet the Predators: the Branding Practices behind Dragons’ Den, Shark Tank, and Höhle der Löwen

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Baumann, Sabine; Rohn, Ulrike

    2016-01-01

    abstractThe TV industry has traditionally relied on advertising and subscription fees for revenue. Recently, brand extensions and co-branding strategies have been rediscovered as income sources. A prominent example of such a strategy is the TV format Dragons’ Den, which has been locally produced in

  11. Inseltransplantation als Therapieoption bei Diabetes mellitus Typ 1: Für wen, mit welchem Ziel, mit welchem Erfolg?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ludwig B

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Die Inseltransplantation hat sich als Behandlungsoption für Patienten mit Diabetes mellitus Typ 1 etabliert. In den meisten Zentren wird die Indikation gestellt, wenn konventionelle Therapiemethoden versagen und Patienten durch eine hochlabile Stoffwechsellage und rezidivierende Hypoglykämien gefährdet sind. Hintergrund für diese strikte Indikationsstellung ist die Notwendigkeit einer dauerhaften Immunsuppression und der kritische Mangel an verfügbaren Spenderorganen. Durch die Wiederherstellung einer endogenen Insulinsekretion kommt es zu einer zuverlässigen Stabilisierung des Blutzuckerprofils, Vermeidung von Hypoglykämien und Verhinderung bzw. Stabilisierung von Spätkomplikationen. Damit einher geht eine deutliche Verbesserung der Lebensqualität. Das Erreichen einer kompletten Insulinunabhängigkeit ist dabei nicht vorrangiges Therapieziel.

  12. Symbiosis theory-directed green synthesis of silver nanoparticles and their application in infected wound healing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wen L

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Lu Wen,1 Pei Zeng,1 Liping Zhang,1 Wenli Huang,1 Hui Wang,2 Gang Chen1 1Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, 2School of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Guangdong Pharmaceutical University, Guangzhou, People’s Republic of China Abstract: In this study, silver nanoparticles (AgNPs were synthesized for the first time using an antibacterial endophytic fungus of Chinese medicinal herb Orchidantha chinensis, which has anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial activities. The AgNPs were analyzed by various characterization techniques to reveal their morphology, chemical composition, and stability. Also, the relationship between Chinese medicinal herbs, endophytic fungi, and the property of AgNPs was investigated for the first time. Interestingly, an experiment performed in this study revealed the proteins produced by the endophytic fungus to be capped on the nanoparticles, which led to an increase in the stability of spherical and polydispersed AgNPs with low aggregation for over 6 months. More importantly, further study demonstrated that the AgNPs possessed superior antibacterial activity and effectively promoted wound healing. Altogether, the biosynthesis of active AgNPs using the endophytic fungus from Chinese medicinal herb based on the symbiosis theory is simple, eco-friendly, and promising. Keywords: silver nanoparticles, Orchidantha chinensis, endophytic fungi, symbiosis theory, wound healing

  13. PREFACE: International Conference on Inverse Problems 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hon, Yiu-Chung; Ling, Leevan

    2011-03-01

    Conference 2010, we wish to express our cordial thanks to all the keynote, plenary, and invited speakers and members of the Advisory Board. We would like to thank the City University of Hong Kong, the Hong Kong Mathematical Society, the K C Wong Education Foundation, the Lee Hysan Foundation, and the Wei Lun Foundation for their generous financial support. Particularly, we wish to thank Miss Lonn Chan for her excellent administrative work in making all the arrangements for the conference. March 2011Yiu-Chung Hon, City University of Hong Kong, HKSARLeevan Ling, Hong Kong Baptist University, HKSAR Invited Keynote SpeakerH Thomas Banks, North Carolina State University, USA Invited Plenary SpeakersRyuichi Ashino, Osaka Kyoiku University, JapanAndrea Caponnetto, City University of Hong Kong, HKSARJeng-Tzong Chen, National Taiwan Ocean University, TaiwanHiromichi Itou, Gunma University, JapanHyeonbae Kang, Inha University, South KoreaMichael Klibanov, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, USAKim Knudsen, Technical University of Denmark, DenmarkRainer Kress, Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, GermanyJérôme Le Rousseau, University of Orleans, FranceChang-Ock Lee, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), South KoreaGui-Rong Liu, University of Cincinnati, USAShuai Lu, Fudan University, ChinaFadil Santosa, University of Minnesota, USATomoya Takeuchi, North Carolina State University, USAXiang Xu, Zhejiang University, ChinaJun Zou, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, HKSAR Invited SpeakersMohamed Abdel-Mooty, The American University in Cairo, EgyptKrishna Agarwal, National University of Singapore, SingaporeHui Cao, Sun Yat-sen University, ChinaWen Chen, Hohai University, ChinaJin Cheng, Fudan University, ChinaLian Duan, University of Oxford, UKMeibao Ge, Zhejiang Sci-Tech University, ChinaRalf Hielscher, TU Chemnitz, GermanyGuanghui Hu, Weierstrass Institute for Applied Analysis and Stochastics (WIAS), GermanyKiwan Jeon, National Institute for Mathematical

  14. Dimensions of cookie-cutter-like sets

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MA; Jihua(

    2001-01-01

    [1]Bedford, T., Application of dynamical systems theory to fractals——a study of cookie-cutter sets, in Fractal G eometry and Analysis (eds. Bélair, J., Dubuc, S.), Amsterdam: Kluwer, 1991, 1-44.[2]Falconer, K. J., Techniques in Fractal Geometry, New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1997.[3]Takens, F., Hyperbolicity and Sensitive Chaotic Dynamics at Holmoclinic Bifurcations, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990, 53.[4]Falconer, K. J., Fractal Geometry-Mathematical Foundations and Application, New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1990.[5]Mattila, P. , Geometry of Sets and Measures in Euclidean Spaces, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.[6]Hua Su, Dimensions for generalized self-similar sets, Acta. Math. Appl. Siniea, 1994, 17(4): 551.[7]Feng Dejun, Wen Zhiying, Wu Jun, Some dimensional results for homogeneous Moran sets, Science in China, Ser. A, 1997,40(5): 475.[8]Hua Su, Rao Hui, Wen Zhiying, et al. , On the structures and dimensions of Moran sets, Science in China, Ser. A, 2000,43(8): 836.[9]Tricot, C., Two definitions of fractal dimensions, Math. Proc. Camb. Phil. Soc., 1982, 91(1): 57.[10]Oxtoby, J., Measure and Category, Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1980.[11]Feng Dejun, Hua Su, Wen Zhiying, Some relations between pre-packing measure and packing measure, Bull. London. Math.Soc., 1999, 31: 665.

  15. 小猴上学

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汝木

    2002-01-01

    xiao hou pi pi shi yi nian ji xin sheng jin tian tou yi hui shang 小猴皮皮是一年级新生,今天头一回上xue fang xue hou yi jin jia men xian hou jiu pu jin ma ma de huai学。放学后一进家门,小猴就扑进妈妈的怀li wei qu de shuo ma ma ma ma wo bu shang xue wo yao里委屈的说:“妈妈,妈妈,我不上学了,我要hui you er yuan hou ma ma xia huai le ji mang wen guai bao回幼儿园!”猴妈妈吓坏了,急忙问:“乖宝bao kuai gao su ma ma shi bu shi jin tian zai xue xiao shou le wei宝,快告诉妈妈,是不是今天在学校受了委qu ya屈呀?”

  16. The on-orbit calibration of geometric parameters of the Tian-Hui 1 (TH-1) satellite

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jianrong; Wang, Renxiang; Hu, Xin; Su, Zhongbo

    2017-02-01

    The on-orbit calibration of geometric parameters is a key step in improving the location accuracy of satellite images without using Ground Control Points (GCPs). Most methods of on-orbit calibration are based on the self-calibration using additional parameters. When using additional parameters, different number of additional parameters may lead to different results. The triangulation bundle adjustment is another way to calibrate the geometric parameters of camera, which can describe the changes in each geometric parameter. When triangulation bundle adjustment method is applied to calibrate geometric parameters, a prerequisite is that the strip model can avoid systematic deformation caused by the rate of attitude changes. Concerning the stereo camera, the influence of the intersection angle should be considered during calibration. The Equivalent Frame Photo (EFP) bundle adjustment based on the Line-Matrix CCD (LMCCD) image can solve the systematic distortion of the strip model, and obtain high accuracy location without using GCPs. In this paper, the triangulation bundle adjustment is used to calibrate the geometric parameters of TH-1 satellite cameras based on LMCCD image. During the bundle adjustment, the three-line array cameras are reconstructed by adopting the principle of inverse triangulation. Finally, the geometric accuracy is validated before and after on-orbit calibration using 5 testing fields. After on-orbit calibration, the 3D geometric accuracy is improved to 11.8 m from 170 m. The results show that the location accuracy of TH-1 without using GCPs is significantly improved using the on-orbit calibration of the geometric parameters.

  17. Islamism and Hui Nationality Costume and Culture%伊斯兰教与回族服饰文化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘军

    2005-01-01

    伊斯兰教是回族文化的源头与核心.伊斯兰教对回族服饰文化有着广泛而深刻的影响.其影响的途径和方式有多种.在新的历史条件下,伊斯兰教仍不失为回族传统服饰文化传承发展的保障.

  18. Essai sur le don d'ovocytes : questionnements éthiques dans le monde d’aujourd’hui

    OpenAIRE

    Chevallier, Betty,

    2011-01-01

    Reproductive technology, in particular oocyte or egg donation, upsets the meaning of parenthood and raises questions about the circumstances surrounding those who decide to have a child by means of this technology. A woman using egg donation must come to grips with questions such as the meaning of life, and what it means to be a mother. But it also requires that society become aware of what is morally acceptable. Is it morally acceptable for the egg donor to give her eggs to anotherwoman who ...

  19. 影视人类学与当代回族研究%Visual Anthropology and the Hui Current Studies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨德亮

    2007-01-01

    人类学影片以无可替代的优势和独特的表达方式,成为人类学家观察和研究人类社会的有效载体和工具.影视手法在国内外人类学界成功运用并取得良好绩效的状况下,却没有受到回族学界足够的重视.回顾回族学的发展历程,表现出过于重文献、重史之研究,而田野作业、实证研究和民族志等方面则显得相对薄弱.当下回族研究应尽快自我补课,眼下最紧迫的工作是,与影视人类学结合起来,在抢救非物文化遗产、制作民族志电影以及回族文化解释等方面有所作为.

  20. Le théâtre hindi aujourd'hui : scnénographie des cultures et du langage

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    After a brief presentation of the history of the Hindi theatre and the relation between the plays staged in theater halls and the folk performances, the chapter deals with two playwriters whose dramatic language has introduced, at the national as well as international level, a palpable renewal. One of them is Habib Tanveer, recently disappeared (June 2009), whom one could roughly situate as a legator of the progressive Indian Popular Theatre Association and militant theatre, the other one est...

  1. Europinė semiotika šiandien | Sémiotique européenne d’aujourd’hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kęstutis Nastopka

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Dans le champ sémiotique, deux approches épistémologiques se distinguent : sémiotique européenne et sémiotique américaine. La sémiotique européenne, issue de la théorie du signe linguistique de Ferdinand de Saussure, dans les années 1960 voit se former deux écoles indépendantes : celle de Paris (de Greimas et celle de Tartou-Moscou (de Lotman.La sémiotique dite « standard » de Greimas présente une théorie du discours envisagé comme un tout de signification. En comprenant la signification comme un processus, Greimas décrit les transformations des significations d’après le modèle du discours mythique élaboré par Vladimir Propp. Le monde est traité comme discontinu et composé d’oppositions. Dans les années 1980 l’école greimassienne passe de la sémiotique de faire à celle d’état, de la discontinuité à la continuité, de l’objet au sujet, de l’énoncé à l’énonciation. Dans la sémiotique des passions au centre du programme narratif se trouve une compétence modale du sujet. Ces derniers temps, parmi les héritiers de Greimas, à côté de la sémiotique tensive qui choisit un métalangage savant et des schématisations un peu arides, apparaît une sémiotique esthésique, issue de De l’imperfection de Greimas.Le concept de systèmes modelants secondaires est devenu une sorte d’emblème de l’école de Tartou. Ce terme détermine des structures communicatives différentes, organisées d’après le modèle des signes linguistiques. A la recherche d’un métalangage scientifique, commun aux diverses disciplines humaines, on s’oriente vers la linguistique structurale et la théorie de l’information. Autour de l’année 1980, dans la sémiotique de Lotman la conception du texte commeune manifestation de la langue est changée par celle du texte qui produit sa propre langue. Le texte est considéré non plus comme un systéme autonome, synchronique mais comme un énoncé, inséparable de la mémoire d’énonciation. De la description des systèmes modelants secondaires on se tourne vers la sémiotique de culture. Le bornage des frontières et la discontinuité sont traités comme des éléments essentiels de la sémiosphère, c’est-à-dire, de l’espace où se réalise la sémiosis.Dans l’article, c’est le choix épistémologique qui est considéré comme une pierre d’achoppement d’un accord entre la sémiotique européenne et celle américaine. Les uns comprennent la signification comme une certaine structure mentale (signifié ou comme un ensemble des traits sémantiques (intension, les autres la conçoivent comme un référent non-linguistique ou comme un ensemble des objets du monde extérieur (extension. La brèche entre l’intension et l’extension peut être remplie par l’instance de l’énonciation. Entre la perception et la signification s’intercale le langage comme une visée intentionnelle du monde. En examinant le rapport entre deux sémiotiques on a recours à l’ouvrage d’Umberto Eco Kant et l’ornithorynque et au roman Le secret du professeur Amfortas d’Eero Tarasti.

  2. La Bob Jones University : hier et aujourd’hui Bob Jones University : Past and Present

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mokhtar Ben Barka

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the separatist beliefs and practices at Bob Jones University. Firstly, it shows that despite the recent changes, this institution still represents the old face of fundamentalist higher education. Secondly, this essay focuses on the controversy around Republican candidate George W. Bush’s appearance at Bob Jones University.

  3. De geest in dit huis is liefderijk: het leven en De Werkplaats van Kees Boeke (1884-1966)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hooghiemstra, D.A.

    2013-01-01

    De christen-pacifist Kees Boeke (1884-1966) wordt wel ‘onderwijshervormer’ genoemd maar hij beoogde niet minder dan de stichting van een nieuwe wereld. Toen de poging om die gemeenschap te stichten mislukte, besloot Boeke een school te stichten waar de ‘nieuwe wereld’ van de grond af opgebouwd moest

  4. Penser les Balkans aujourd'hui : l’orientalisme, le balkanisme, et la question de la modernité

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir Milisavljević

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims at investigating the positions of the Balkans in ourcontemporary world in its continuous change – for instance the rapidEuropeanization for the protection of a common inheritance of Balkancountries. Moreover, this historical heritage is sometimes presented as a simple burden that should be overcome: the name Balkan has negative connotations, being associated with violence or primitivism. The criticism of this type of derogatory discourse called « Balkanism » is built on the deconstruction of Orientalism as initiated in the 70’s by Edward Said. In this paper, we will analyze the various types of possible objections to this Balkan approach (the absence of a colonial past, the non-existence of a « Balkan » academic tradition, the Balkan preciseness as opposed to the Oriental vagueness, as well as their not purely « oriental », yet undetermined character. Furthermore I will present the arguments in favour of another way of interpreting the Balkans which consists in the understanding of thenarrower relation between European modernity and history.

  5. Sarah Mombin, Michèle Rossellini (dir.), Usages des vies. Le biographique hier et aujourd’hui (xviie-

    OpenAIRE

    Crépel, Pierre

    2014-01-01

    Histoire et biographie ont partie liée de mille façons. De Plutarque à Paris-Match, en passant par La Vie de Beethoven de Romain Rolland et le monumental Dictionary of Scientific Biography, dirigé par C.C. Gillispie (1970-1980), on voit bien que la biographie ne se limite pas à un seul « genre ». Les hommes politiques en vue, les historiens, les romanciers, les psychanalystes, les académiciens, les journalistes, les érudits locaux, les « savants sur le retour », ont tous leurs façons d’écrire...

  6. Parent Education in Canada: Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow = L'education parentale au Caanda: Hier, aujourd'hui et demain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skrypnek, Berna J.

    2002-01-01

    Reviews the history of parent education in Canada, describes the current scene, and identifies directions for future development of parent education policy and programming. (Contains 40 references.) (JOW)

  7. L’insularité aujourd’hui : entre mythes et réalités

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thierry Nicolas

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available De nombreuses études, dans des domaines variés (économie, statistiques, géographie…, s’attachent en effet à saisir les contraintes que fait peser la géographie sur la réussite économique des îles. Pour la plupart d’entre elles, l’insularité se présente comme une donnée négative qui génère une série de handicaps difficilement surmontables (exiguïté du territoire, faible peuplement, surcoûts, etc.. Cependant les perspectives de développement de ces territoires isolés en permanence par la mer, dotés de possibilités réduites en termes d’espace, de ressources naturelles ou humaines, ou de taille de marché, ne sont pas systématiquement vouées à l’échec.Numerous studies in various fields (economics, statistics, geography, etc., have attempted to define  the constraints posed by geographic reality on the economic success of the islands. For the most part , these studies present insularity as a handicap difficult to overcome  (limited territorial extent, sparse population, higher costs, etc.. Nevertheless the development prospects of these territories permanently isolated by the sea, with reduced opportunities in terms of space, natural resources or human, or market size, are not necessarily doomed to failure

  8. Think the future to act now; Penser l'avenir pour agir aujourd'hui

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-07-01

    The object of the club 'Energy, prospective and discussions', created in september 1998, is to provide the continuity of the engaged works in the commission 'Energy 2010-2020' and to understand the ideas evolution. The technical progress, the institutions, the shock of the societies and the cultures, of the nature, the world-wide, lead every day to forecasting, which are guidelines for the public decisions, more and more risky. This complexity analysis is needed for a long-dated energy policy. Thus the club analysed and compared the long-dated and international scenario; made the transfer of the information on the development concerning the energy and the environment; defined subjects of discussion; begun and managed scientific studies. This progress report presents the proceedings of the first year of the club. (A.L.B.)

  9. Faire ses courses au Vietnam aujourd’hui : quand les supermarchés touchent aux sens1.

    OpenAIRE

    Figuié, Muriel; Bricas, Nicolas

    2014-01-01

    Les changements rapides du système agro-alimentaire vietnamien, avec notamment le développement de la grande distribution, s’accompagnent d’un changement des modes de qualification des aliments. La vue devient un sens dominant pour évaluer la qualité des produits, alors que le toucher, l’odorat, le goût, voire l’ouïe, étaient largement mobilisés autrefois. La distanciation (physique et cognitive) qui s’opère entre les mangeurs et les produits qu’ils achètent est une façon de lire la modernisa...

  10. Dakhlia Jocelyne, Islamicités, Paris, PUF (Coll. Sociologie d’aujourd’hui, 2005, 161 p.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Élisabeth Longuenesse

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available De livre en livre, c’est le même souci de restituer leur historicité aux sociétés musulmanes qui guide Jocelyne Dakhlia. Dans Le Divan des Rois, elle remettait en question la vision réductrice d’une indissociation du politique et du religieux dans l’Islam et montrait au contraire la grande diversité de leur relation dans l’histoire, la multiplicité des formes qu’ont pu prendre débats et conflits entre souverain et sujets. Dans L’empire des passions, sorti peu avant le présent ouvrage, elle re...

  11. Le Sacré Collège en villégiature : le palais d’un cardinal au temps de la papauté avignonnaise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernard Sournia

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Lieu de villégiature cardinalice au temps de la papauté avignonnaise, Villeneuve-lès-Avignon conserve quelques vestiges des palais de plusieurs membres du Sacré Collège. Le palais de Thurroye est l'un d'eux, successivement habité par Bertrand de Deaux, Guy de Boulogne et Pierre de Thury, aujourd'hui très morcelé et profondément bouleversé. Le présent article propose une restitution de cette résidence à la lumière de descriptions anciennes d'autres palais semblables de la banlieue avignonnaise, à la lumière notamment de la relation toscane d'une fête donnée dans l'un des palais en 1353 en présence de Clément VI. L'analyse fait apparaître le schéma type de ces demeures avec leur cour et leur portique, leur distribution à double grand-salle etc.During the Avignon papacy, Villeneuve-lès-Avignon was a place of summer retreat for the cardinals. Today, the town still has some vestiges of the palaces of several members of the Holy College. The Thurroye palace is one of these, successively occupied by Bertrand de Deaux, Guy de Boulogne and Pierre de Thury. It is now considerably altered. The present article proposes a restitution of the residence, based on old descriptions of similar palaces in the region of Avignon and, in particular, on the Tuscan account of a fete given at one of these palaces in 1353, in the presence of Pope Clément VI. The analysis depicts a typical layout for these residences with a courtyard and a gateway and their interior distribution with two large chambers.

  12. 基于中医传承辅助系统的《秘传眼科龙木论》中外障眼病方剂组方用药规律分析%Analysis on composition principles of prescriptions for Waizhang Eye Diseases by traditional Chinese medicion inheritance support system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗旭昇; 盛倩; 王婷; 魏春秀; 宋剑涛; 刘绍燕

    2015-01-01

    目的:基于中医传承辅助系统软件,分析《秘传眼科龙木论》中收载的外障眼病方剂的组方规律。方法收集并筛选《秘传眼科龙木论》中主治外障眼病的方剂,逐一录入中医传承辅助系统(V2.0),采用软件集成的熵聚类、无监督层次聚类等数据挖掘方法,对筛选出治疗外障眼病的处方进行组方用药规律分析。结果筛选出《秘传眼科龙木论》中主治外障眼病的方剂共114首,包含中药117味,使用频次在10以上的药物共有22味,主要以清热泻火及辛温发散药物为主;使用频次≥20的药对组合8对;基于复杂系统熵聚类的药物核心组合12个;基于熵层次聚类的新处方6个。引经药出现的频次较多,居于前位,在高频次药对组合及核心组合中也较为常见。结论《秘传眼科龙木论》中收载的外障眼病方剂侧重于使用以清热泻火,通腑泻热及辛温发散药物,并重视引经药物的使用。%OBJECTIVE To analyze Composition Principles of Prescriptions for Waizhang Eye Diseases by Traditional Chinese Medicion Inheritance Support System (TCMISS). METHODS The Waizhang Eye DiseasesPre-scriptions in Michuan Yanke Longmu Lun were collected and recorded into the TCMISS (V2.0)to build the date-base,the composition principles of prescriptions were analyzed by revised mutual information, complex system en-tropy clustering and unsupervised hierarchical clustering methods in the TCMISS. RESULTS There were 114 pre-scriptions for Waizhang Eye Diseases including 117 herb in Michuan Yanke Longmu Lun .The frequency of each herb included in the datebase was computed, mainly to QingReXieHuo, XinWenFaSan herb; 12 core combination and 6 new prescriptions were mined form the database base on the 114 prescriptions for External oculopathy. Mes-senger drug appeared frequently, in the front position. CONCLUSIONS The Michuan Yanke Longmu Lun in the Waizhang Eye

  13. An Analysis on Causes of Suicide of Fa Lun Kung Cultists%法轮功痴迷者自杀意念产生的诱因分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晚梅

    2003-01-01

    法轮功痴迷者自杀意念的产生,有心理学、宗教社会学、哲学等不同层次的诱因.只有提高全民族的科学理性素质,才是破邪的根本,因此,应弘扬珍视每一个生命的价值理念.这也是一切文明不可动摇的根基.

  14. JingLun Hotel Benefits from Internet and NOTES%网络和Notes带给京伦实惠--有感京伦饭店OA系统的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周兰

    2001-01-01

    @@ 京伦饭店是1997年10月开始构建店内的计算机办公网络系统(OA系统)的,硬件 采用IBM PC服务器,连接到正、副总经理办公室和店内各部门,总共二十多个微 机站点.基于饭店的办公需求,围绕能快速、准确向总经理全面提供店内信息和 发布管理层决策信息的宗旨,饭店请LOTUS NOTES专家,根据饭店的行政管理模式 ,开发了电脑无纸办公系统.形成了包括收文管理、发文管理、报表管理、会议 纪要、京伦快讯、经营快报、营业部资料、公告栏、人事管理等在内的十几个模 块,于1998年1月1日正式开通使用.

  15. Wang Chong and Lun Heng:The Versatile Person and Great Achievement in History of Chinese Archives%王充与《论衡》:中国档案史的通人与宏篇钜制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴荣政

    2011-01-01

    王充两度担任文书档案官员,在他两次任职的离职期间,撰写了84篇20余万言的《论衡》.王充高尚的品德、卓越的见识、渊博的学问、非凡的写作才华,能给从事文书档案史学工作的人们诸多启示.

  16. Colliding Resonances:The Music of Xiaoyong Chen (pengzhuang zhong de huixiang-lun Chen xiaoyong de yinyue)%碰撞中的回响——论陈晓勇的音乐

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁雷; 王婷婷

    2008-01-01

    遵循导师利盖蒂(Gyrgy Ligeti, 1923~2006)的教导,陈晓勇(1955~ )始终避免进入一般概念的中国音乐或西方先锋派阵营.其音乐致力于探究单个声音的无限可能性.在作品(Duet for Violin and Zheng, 1989年)中,作曲家使用了微分音调音,并着眼于碰撞性音响和特殊调音体系的内在回响.(Evapora,为小型室内乐队而作,1996年),体现了他对和谐及非和谐融合(harmonic/non harmonic fusion)的并置的兴趣.他以极为简洁的方式和高度个性化的音乐语汇,揭示出一个包含有不同调音体系、调式、音响相互碰撞的多元世界,同时抓住了不同文化要素相互作用产生的张力与整合.

  17. 新疆轮台小白杏的太阳能制干工艺研究%Research of different drying process for white apricot of LUN-tai in XinJiang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟伊娜; 马燕; 邹淑萍; 张谦; 过利敏; 张平

    2013-01-01

    With white apricot as the main materials that one of main cultivars in Luntai of Xinjiang,solar drying(SD)appliance was used as a single greenhouse device as controls.The main purpose on study was to investigate different solar-drying process and drying characteristics of solar-dryer for white apricot through comparing the apricot moisture content,water activity and the changes of color difference of the two kinds of devices in drying.The results showed that the drying-period of white apricot was 10d under SD appliance,compared with house drying,with the drying time shorter,the final product-quality were better.Weight loss ratio of white apricot was 28.9%,water activity was 0.45,and L value,a value and b value were 42.7,20.1 and 31.8,respectively.%以新疆轮台县主栽杏品种~小白杏作为实验材料,以单一温室装置为对照,采用自主研发的5HT-2农副产品太阳能干燥(solar-drying SD)装置,通过对比杏子在该装置与温室装置的干燥过程中水分含量、水分活度及色差等指标的变化情况,开展制备新疆轮台小白杏杏干的太阳能干燥实验研究.结果表明:SD装置有利于缩短杏子的干燥时间,SD装置中小白杏干燥时间为10d,较温室缩短1d;杏干优级品率高;温室小白杏杏干的失重率为28.9%、水分活度为0.45、色差值为L值为42.7,a值为20.1,b值为31.8.

  18. A Review on Treating Caner by Wen Yang Method%温阳法治疗恶性肿瘤的研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓迪; 李湧健

    2009-01-01

    现今中医运用温阳法治疗肿瘤以个案报道居多,并且许多学者对于温阳药治疗肿瘤颇有争议,故将温阳方药治疗肿瘤的临床研究及实验研究作一综述,以阐明温阳法在肿瘤治疗中的重要意义.

  19. 蔡英文的经贸政策与台湾经济前景%Tsai Ing-wen's Economic and Trade Policy and Taiwan's Economic Outlook

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    单玉丽

    2016-01-01

    2016年5月台湾民进党再次上台执政,面对经济民生的巨大压力,蔡英文提出了所谓“新经济发展模式”,以期从“效率驱动”转换为“创新驱动”,提振岛内经济竞争力;同时提出了“新南向政策”,深化与美日欧经济联系等思路.但由于她始终不承认“九二共识”,破坏了两岸关系共同政治基础,加之岛内政党恶斗升级,因此,尽管有全面执政的资源优势,蔡英文企图弱化与大陆经济联系,推动经济多元化的目的将难以实现,台湾经济前景不容乐观.

  20. Comments on Tsai Ing-wen's "New Southward Policy"%蔡英文“新南向政策”评析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘相平

    2015-01-01

    2015年9月22日,蔡英文正式宣布了其“新南向政策”,宣称“民进党将强化对东协(东盟)和印度的整体关系”,其本质上乃是台湾旧“南向政策”的翻版.这反映出蔡英文希望带领台湾继续走“经济全球化”的道路,但也折射出她及民进党对中国大陆具有浓重的防备心理.东南亚及印度在经济全球化和区域经济一体化进程中的亮眼表现,固然是蔡英文等人推动“新南向政策”的重要原因,但台湾必须处理好岛内经济转型与对外发展、民进党与台湾企业之间、两岸关系和平发展等几组关系,蔡英文等人尤其不能将“新南向政策”“泛政治化”或用“南海权益”换取台湾在东南亚、印度的利益,否则,“新南向政策”将不可能取得成功.

  1. Shuo Wen Jie Zi () and the Ancient Chinese Funeral Culture%《说文解字》与中国古代丧葬文化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李清桓

    2003-01-01

    是我国传统小学的经典,也是一部百科全书.本文采用以字(词)证史的方法,考证所蕴涵的以下古代特色丧葬文化内容:对"死亡"的界定;对人死的称谓;丧葬的方式;丧葬的标志.

  2. 沈从文“乡下人”情结探源%Research on Origin of SHEN Cong-wen' s Feelings of a "countryman"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丽鹃

    2013-01-01

    沈从文一直有着浓重的“乡下人”情结,他曾在不同时间、不同场合一再申明自己是一个“乡下人”.这种“乡下人”意识终其一生.那么,沈从文何以会有如此浓重的“乡下人”情结呢?这是由沈从文的独特经历、思想、情感等决定的.

  3. 论《文心雕龙·史传》的史评特色%Historical Criticism in Historical Biographies of Wen Xin Diao Long

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪利锋

    2000-01-01

    《文心雕龙》是我国古代第一部系统评述文学理论的宏伟巨著.其中的《史传》篇雕镌史籍,探究史理,关于史体评论、史评准则、史才理论等对后世史学影响较大.

  4. ZHANG Zhi-wen's experience in treating cough variant asthma%张之文辨治咳嗽变异性哮喘的经验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑秀丽; 吴文军; 郭尹玲; 王雅楠; 冯全生

    2016-01-01

    咳嗽变异性哮喘是以咳嗽为主要临床表现的一种特殊类型的哮喘,可归于咳嗽范畴,与中医“顿呛”相近.文章主要总结张之文教授从医50年来对于本病的临床治疗经验体会,内容从张之文教授对该病辨证和治疗中注意的几个问题,常见证型的辨证治疗,及两个类似证的鉴别治疗4个方面进行具体论述.

  5. Integrating a Typhoon Event Database with an Optimal Flood Operation Model on the Real-Time Flood Control of the Tseng-Wen Reservoir

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Y. W.; Chang, L. C.

    2012-04-01

    Typhoons which normally bring a great amount of precipitation are the primary natural hazard in Taiwan during flooding season. Because the plentiful rainfall quantities brought by typhoons are normally stored for the usage of the next draught period, the determination of release strategies for flood operation of reservoirs which is required to simultaneously consider not only the impact of reservoir safety and the flooding damage in plain area but also for the water resource stored in the reservoir after typhoon becomes important. This study proposes a two-steps study process. First, this study develop an optimal flood operation model (OFOM) for the planning of flood control and also applies the OFOM on Tseng-wun reservoir and the downstream plain related to the reservoir. Second, integrating a typhoon event database with the OFOM mentioned above makes the proposed planning model have ability to deal with a real-time flood control problem and names as real-time flood operation model (RTFOM). Three conditions are considered in the proposed models, OFOM and RTFOM, include the safety of the reservoir itself, the reservoir storage after typhoons and the impact of flooding in the plain area. Besides, the flood operation guideline announced by government is also considered in the proposed models. The these conditions and the guideline can be formed as an optimization problem which is solved by the genetic algorithm (GA) in this study. Furthermore, a distributed runoff model, kinematic-wave geomorphic instantaneous unit hydrograph (KW-GIUH), and a river flow simulation model, HEC-RAS, are used to simulate the river water level of Tseng-wun basin in the plain area and the simulated level is shown as an index of the impact of flooding. Because the simulated levels are required to re-calculate iteratively in the optimization model, applying a recursive artificial neural network (recursive ANN) instead of the HEC-RAS model can significantly reduce the computational burden of the entire optimization problem. This study applies the developed methodology to Tseng-wun Reservoir. Forty typhoon events are collected as the historical database and six typhoon events are used to verify the proposed model. These typhoons include Typhoon Sepat and Typhoon Korsa in 2007 and Typhoon Kalmaegi, Typhoon Fung-Wong, Typhoon Sinlaku and Typhoon Jangmi in 2008. The results show that the proposed model can reduce the flood duration at the downstream area. For example, the real-time flood control model can reduce the flood duration by four and three hours for Typhoon Korsa and Typhoon Sinlaku respectively. This results indicate that the developed model can be a very useful tool for real-time flood control operation of reservoirs.

  6. Optimización del modelo Bouc-Wen de un amortiguador magnetoreológico mediante algoritmos genéticos

    OpenAIRE

    Oviedo Gutiérrez, Diego

    2010-01-01

    Los principales objetivos que se pretenden conseguir en el presente proyecto fin de carrera son los siguientes: • Caracterizar el comportamiento dinámico de un amortiguador magnetoreológico. • Ajustar unos parámetros a un modelo que permita simular el comportamiento dinámico del mismo. El contenido del proyecto fin de carrera se encuentra distribuido en 9 capítulos, el primero de los cuales está formado por la presente introducción. El capítulo 2 presenta el sistema de suspe...

  7. Indigenous Communities and Cross­Strait Rapprochement: A Case Study of Chun­-ri and Shih-­wen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andi Kao

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Absent from most public debates on Taiwan’s embrace of neoliberal capitalism are the potential consequences of economic liberalization for Taiwan’s indigenous peoples. Deregulating markets and unfettering capital and resources are tied inextricably with cross-Strait politics. With a deep-seated apprehension of China still felt in many corners of the Taiwanese society, these issues are often framed with particular emphasis on the “China Factor”, overshadowing other relevant economic and societal considerations and thereby narrowing the scope of debate over government policies. Nevertheless, the potential influx of foreign capital investment, long- and short-term migrant labor and international visitors may have profound effects on Taiwan’s most vulnerable citizens, including the indigenous peoples. This paper will report the results of field research conducted among the Paiwan ethnic group, assessing actual and potential future changes affecting their individual families and communities. Preliminary assessment indicates that official policies liberalizing visitation and trade between China and Taiwan have already affected the Paiwan communities. Whether these changes become handicaps or opportunities depends on realistic evaluation, strategic planning, education, implementation, and periodic re-evaluation. This paper will contribute to the larger discussion of possible responses to the effects of inter-regional migration and transformations on minority societies by providing an assessment of current and potential conditions among the Paiwan of Taiwan.

  8. 满文词语探微——以“茶”为例%Research on Manchu Phrase Tea from "Qing Wen Jian"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江桥

    2014-01-01

    乾隆朝《御制增订清文鉴》较康熙朝《御制清文鉴》收词增加了5 000余条,词目“茶”的释义由1条增加到6条.新增的genggiyen cai“清茶”、kara cai“黑茶”、sun i cai“奶茶”、malanggū cai“芝麻茶”和ufa cai“面茶”等5词条在《御制清文鉴》中被列为1条,而在《御制增订清文鉴》中被分列为6条.

  9. 熊猫的世界不仅仅是黑与白

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Andrea Thompson

    2006-01-01

    @@ Though their fur is black and white, those are not the only colors that giant pandas see. A new study finds two zoo pandas, Lun Lun and Yang Yang, were able to distinguish colors from shades of gray.

  10. Newton 1642-1727

    CERN Document Server

    Westfall, Richard S

    1994-01-01

    Le plus célèbre des savants, Isaac Newton, est aussi celui qui a le plus de biographes. Avant même sa mort, en 1727, l'un d'eux publiait un récit de la vie du grand homme. Richard Westfall, universitaire américain, est aujourd'hui le meilleur connaisseur d'un personnage en tout point extraordinaire, dont Aldous Huxley disait : « En tant qu'homme, c'est un fiasco ; en tant que monstre, il est superbe ! » Découvrant à 24 ans la loi de la gravitation universelle, établissant peu après les lois de l'optique tout en poursuivant des études alchimiques et théologiques, cet homme capable de rester des jours entiers sans manger ni dormir, absorbé par les énigmes du savoir, connaît une grave dépression dont il réchappe de justesse... pour se consacrer à l'économie de son pays : il devient directeur de la Monnaie de Londres, organisant une impitoyable chasse aux faux-monnayeurs ! L'image d'Épinal de Newton regardant une pomme tomber sort enrichie et complexifiée de ce livre fruit d'une vie de reche...

  11. La révélation des lois de la nature

    CERN Document Server

    Omnès, Roland

    2008-01-01

    Les lois de la nature sont-elles inventées par les scientifiques ? Ou sont-elles découvertes par eux ? Préexistent-elles dans la nature ? Ou lui sont-elles imposées ? L'enjeu est clair : la science va-t-elle détruire la nature ? Roland Omnès, l'un des maîtres de la physique théorique en France, montre dans cet essai que les lois de la nature ne sont ni inventées ni découvertes, mais révélées. Comme jadis Dieu s'est révélé à Moïse en lui donnant les Tables de la Loi, aujourd'hui la nature se révèle au physicien dans des formules mathématiques. Cette réflexion est menée au plus près d'une explication claire des lois de la physique. Un grand livre de science et de conscience.

  12. Characteristics of ground motion and threshold values for colluvium slope displacement induced by heavy rainfall: a case study in northern Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeng, Ching-Jiang; Sue, Dar-Zen

    2016-06-01

    The Huafan University campus is located in the Ta-lun Shan area in northern Taiwan, which is characterized by a dip slope covered by colluvium soil of various depths. For slope disaster prevention, a monitoring system was constructed that consisted of inclinometers, tiltmeters, crack gages, groundwater level observation wells, settlement and displacement observation marks, rebar strain gages, concrete strain gages, and rain gages. The monitoring data derived from hundreds of settlement and displacement observation marks were analyzed and compared with the displacement recorded by inclinometers. The analysis results revealed that the maximum settlement and displacement were concentrated on the areas around the Hui-Tsui, Zhi-An, and Wu-Ming buildings and coincided with periods of heavy rainfall. The computer program STABL was applied for slope stability analysis and modeling of slope failure. For prevention of slope instability, a drainage system and tieback anchors with additional stability measures were proposed to discharge excess groundwater following rainfall. Finally, threshold value curves of rainfall based on slope displacement were proposed. The curves can be applied for predicting slope stability when typhoons are expected to bring heavy rainfall and should be significant in slope disaster prevention.

  13. Supersymmetry and the unification of fundamental interactions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fayet, P.

    Les physiciens élaborent progressivement une description unifée des lois de l'Univers, qui fait intervenir des principes de symétrie de plus en plus étendus. La supersymétrie, qui englobe la mécanique quantique et la relativité générale en opérant dans une extension de l'espace-temps ordinaire, appelée le superespace, est-elle l'un de ces principes fondamentaux? Dans cet article, l'auteur explique ce qu'est cette nouvelle symétrie, et comment, pour appliquer celle-ci au monde physique, il a été amené à envisager l'existence de toute une famille de nouvelles particules - comme les photinos, gluinos, squarks et sélectrons - que l'on recherche activement aujourd'hui. On espère parvenir à les détecter grâce aux nouvelles générations d'accélerateurs, et découvrir ainsi un nouveau principe auquel doivent satisfaire toutes les lois physiques, aussi fondamental que la relativité.

  14. Pouvoir politique vs puissance des marchés : deux mondes parallèles ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jérôme Sgard

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available La discussion des rapports entre marché et politique est le plus souvent posée dans des termes caricaturaux: à la fin, l'un est censé l'emporter sur l'autre. A moins, par exemple, qu'on interprète les problèmes de gouvernance économique globale en termes de « guerre économique » : une métaphore particulièrement stérile, qui opacifie les problèmes au lieu de les éclairer. La présente contribution cherche à reproblématiser la question en insistant notamment sur deux points : d'une part les différences riches et significatives existant entre la première mondialisation (1870-1914 et la phase actuelle (post-1990 ; de l'autre l'idée qu'aujourd'hui, l'engagement des souverains sur la scène internationale est contingente, ou optionnelle, alors qu'au plan local, leur obligation de défendre de la société et la division du travail est imparable. Les souverains agissent plus que jamais localement et sont sanctionnés par leurs citoyens et leur société civile.

  15. 文书学档案学史上的并蒂奇葩——《文心雕龙》与《文选》%The twin exotic flowers in the history of documentary science and archival science 《WenXinDiaoLong》 and 《WenXuan》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴荣政

    2011-01-01

    与的整体架构和文书档案关系密切,刘勰和萧统接触频繁,学术旨趣颇同,刘勰的文章分类理论深深影响了的编纂,这两部著作都包涵了文书档案的丰富内容,当今的文书档案史学工作者理应精读与.

  16. In situ delivery of thermosensitive gel-mediated 5-fluorouracil microemulsion for the treatment of colorectal cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang LL

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Lu-Lu Wang, Shuai Huang, Hui-Hui Guo, Yan-Xing Han, Wen-Sheng Zheng, Jian-Dong Jiang State Key Laboratory of Bioactive Substance and Function of Natural Medicines, Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, People’s Republic of China Abstract: In situ administration of 5-fluorouracil (5FU “thermosensitive” gel effectively reduced systemic side effects in treating colon rectal cancer; however, the penetration efficacy of the formulation was considerably low due to the poor lipid solubility of 5FU. The aim of this study was to develop thermosensitive gel-mediated 5FU water-in-oil microemulsion (TG-5FU-ME for improving the infiltration of 5FU. An in vitro release test showed that TG-5FU-ME sustained the drug’s release up to 10 hours. TG-5FU-ME exhibited good stability, and the microemulsion entrapped did not show any change in morphology and 5FU content during the 4-month storage. Transportation test in the Caco-2 cell monolayer showed that TG-5FU-ME had a permeability 6.3 times higher than that of 5FU thermosensitive gel, and the intracellular uptake of 5FU increased by 5.4-fold compared to that of 5FU thermosensitive gel. In vivo tissue distribution analysis exhibited that the TG-5FU-ME group had drug levels in rectal tissue and mesenteric lymph nodes, which were significantly higher than those of 5FU thermosensitive gel group, with very low blood levels of 5FU in both groups. Furthermore, TG-5FU-ME was not associated with detectable morphological damage to the rectal tissue. Conclusively, TG-5FU-ME might be an efficient rectal delivery system to treat colorectal cancer. Keywords: 5-fluorouracil, microemulsion, thermosensitive gel, Caco-2 transport, rectal delivery, colorectal cancer

  17. 75 FR 69160 - Quarterly Publication of Individuals, Who Have Chosen To Expatriate, as Required by Section 6039G

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-10

    ... Kington Kin Bong Hui Kwok-Kit Hui Man Yan Mark Hui Ng Suk Ha Hung Janet Yi Kui Hung San-Hsiung Husain Syed... Dalina Abdul Sarmiento Sonia Satrap Alireza Saumweber Helena Maria Schatz John Barkley Scherer...

  18. Les gestes éco citoyens ou de la citoyenneté d’aujourd’hui à la responsabilité de demain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lise Moutamalle

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available I. Des gestes écocitoyens : pourquoi ?Le concept d’écocitoyenneté est en partie issu de la prise de conscience des impacts des activités humaines sur les écosystèmes et de la volonté de favoriser la participation du citoyen aux choses de la cité, mais surtout aux choses dont il est le seul responsable.L’écocitoyenneté se fonde sur la reconnaissance par l’homme de sa responsabilité vis-à-vis de la destruction de son milieu et sur sa capacité à mettre en œuvre un comportement et des gestes qui ...

  19. Purification and Molecular Weight Determination of HUI DONG Truffles Polysaccharide%会东块菌多糖的纯化及其分子量测定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张世奇

    2010-01-01

    本研究采用DEAE-52纤维素拄及SephadexG-100柱从会东块菌水提物中分离纯化得到两种块菌多糖PST-W、PST-A.经高效液相色谱法(HPLC)鉴定,这两种多糖均为单一组分,且PST-W分子量为128059.9 Da;PST-A分子量为729140.5Da.

  20. L'enseignement de la langue maternelle dans les ecoles francaise aujourd'hui (The Teaching of the Native Language in French Schools Today).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marchand, Frank

    1979-01-01

    Describes the three methods of teaching French in elementary schools in France: the traditional, the Freinet, and the "Plan de renovation pour l'enseignement du francais." A description of a model for the l980s is given. Techniques influenced by sociolinguistics seem most suited to replace traditional methodology. (AMH)

  1. Ancient engineering geology projects in China; A canal system in Ganzu province and trenches along the Great Wall in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallace, R.E.; Bucknam, R.C.; Hanks, T.C.

    1994-01-01

    Two major construction projects of ancient times in China involved what today would be considered engineering geology. We describe an ancient canal system in Gaotai County, Gansu province that was possibly begun in the Han dynasty (206 BC-220 AD). The canal system heads at the Dasha River and extends northwestward for about 55 km to the City of Camels and Xusanwan village. Four parallel canals are present at the local site we examined. The canals were likely built primarily to transport water but may also have served as defensive military barriers. A second project involves trenches and berms along the north side of the Great Wall, clearly part of the Great Wall defensive system. This site is in Ningxia Autonomous Region near the town of Shizuishan. ?? 1994.

  2. Research on the Choreographing of Square Dance in Xinjiang Hui Nationality%新疆回族健身广场舞的创编研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚霞

    2016-01-01

    回族是新疆少数民族人群之一,新疆回族文化源远流长,为了更好的将新疆回族少数民族文化传承,使全民健身活动更好地发展,为新疆健身广场舞的建设提供帮助,本文通过文献资料法、访谈法以及观察法对新疆回族舞蹈中的舞蹈动作进行剖析、整理,将新疆回族舞蹈动作与健身操的基本特征相结合,创编出具有新疆回族风格的新疆回族健身广场舞,新疆回族健身广场舞套路根据难易程度分为初级、中级、高级,以便不同的人群参与和选择,具有一定的健身效果.

  3. Les sources de financement légal et illégal des groupes terroristes d´aujourd´hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gema Sánchez Medero

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Dans cet article on analysera comment sont financés dans le monde actuel les groupesterroristes, comment font-ils pour transférer cet argent et quelles sont les mesures qu’ona adopté pour prévoir et bloquer ces sources de financement légal et illégal. Peut-être,ce point est l’un de moins étudiés par les spécialistes en la matière, mais il s’avère d’importancevitale, puis que les organisations terroristes, comme les autres organisations,ont besoin d’une série de ressources pour être maintenues et pour développer leursactivités; il s’ensuit qu’il est fondamental de connaître comme on finance ces groupespour pouvoir les combattre et leur mettre limite.

  4. University Programs in Home Economics: Past, Present and Future = Les programmes universitaires d'economie familiale: hier, aujourd'hui et demain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berry, Ruth E.

    2000-01-01

    Follows the history of home economics programs in Canada at the postsecondary level from 1902 to the present restructuring that is taking place in many universities. Suggests that the present position of the field is precarious and young scholars must be encouraged to enter it and become successful teachers and researchers. (JOW)

  5. Textual research of 1219 A.D. Guyuan earthquake in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China and discussion on its causative structure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YUAN Dao-yang; LEI Zhong-sheng; ZHANG Jun-ling; LIU Bai-chi; LIANG Ming-jian

    2008-01-01

    On the basis of textual research on the historical earthquake data and the field investigation of 1219 A.D. Guyuan earthquake, we suggest that there is only one strong earthquake occurred in Guyuan area in 1219 A.D., instead of two or three strong earthquakes. We further suggest that the earthquake parameters recorded in the present earthquake catalogs are not defimite and should be modified. The occurrence time of this earthquake should be about Ⅱ am, August 7, 1219 A.D. and the heavily-damaged area of this earthquake, the Ⅷ intensity area, should be located among the regions of Guyuan, Pingliang and Longde county cities. The epicenter area should be near Guyuan city. The magnitude of this earthquake is about 7 and it has intensity about larger than or equal to IX within the epicenter area. The major axis direction of the heavily-damaged area strikes in north-northwest that is approximately consistent with the strike of the Liupan Shan thrust fault zone. The new tectonic activity of the Liupan Shan thrust fault zone resulted in the M7 Guyuan earthquake in 1219 A.D.

  6. Références bibliographiques du dossier « Les grands débats éducatifs aujourd’hui »

    OpenAIRE

    Vervisch-Lestrade, Maryannick

    2013-01-01

    Cette bibliographie thématique présente une sélection de documents récents, français et étrangers, consultables au CIEP. Liée au dossier de la revue, elle est organisée par rapport à la logique de celui-ci. La plupart des références y sont donc classées selon l’ordre alphabétique des grandes régions du monde, les documents présentant un caractère international figurant en tête de la liste. International BANQUE MONDIALE. Priorités et stratégies pour l’éducation : une étude de la Banque mondial...

  7. 流域差别化环境管理研究%Research on Watershed-Differentiated Environmental Management LUO Hong, FENG Hui-juan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗宏; 冯慧娟

    2011-01-01

    按照自然规律和经济规律要求对流域实施差别化环境管理,是提高流域环境管理针对性、有效性,改善环境管理效率和效果的必然选择.通过对流域差别化管理在系统论和行为经济学的理论剖析,以及流域在地理要素、功能和经济发展上的地域分异性特征分析,提出"分域、分区、分序、分期、分类、分级、分责、分权、分策"的"九分"原则.在"九分"原则指导下,从划分流域环境经济功能区、优化流域环境管理手段、创造流域差别化环境管理的实施条件等方面,体现流域差别化环境管理思想并保证其得以顺利实施.%Watershed-differentiated environmental management is an inevitable choice for improving pertinence, validity, efficiency and effects of environmental management according to the rules of nature and economy. Through analyzing system theory, behavior economics theory and the features of differentiated geographic factors, function, and economic development, the "nine divisions" concept of watershed-differentiated environmental management was put forward. The "nine divisions" are basin division, area division, sequence division, stage division, kind division, class division, responsibility division, authority division and policy division.Under the guidance of the "nine divisions", mechanisms including repartitioning environmental economic functional area,optimizing watershed environmental management instruments and creating executable conditions for watershed-differentiated environmental management can embody the thoughts of differentiated watershed environmental management and assure healthily implemented differentiated management.

  8. Het huis en de regels van het denken : Een cultuurhistorisch onderzoek naar het werk van Simon Stevin, Jacob Cats en Pieter de Hoogh

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mare, de H.

    2003-01-01

    Comparative analysis of early modern Dutch arts (architecture, literature, painting). Development of a historical formalist method, based on historical source criticism, history of science and archaeology on the one hand and Russian formalism, French semiology and structuralism on the other hand. I

  9. Les publications officielles du Club alpin austro-allemand (DÖAV et du DAV chilien depuis leurs créations jusqu’à aujourd’hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michel Mestre

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available J’ai déjà eu l’occasion à au moins deux reprises de parler des publications du DÖAV et je ne voudrais pas reprendre tels quels ces éléments d’information, d’autant plus qu’existe une étude de synthèse, celle de Helmut Zebhauser, qui est fort bien documentée : il me paraît donc inutile de refaire ce travail, le résumer suffira ici. En revanche il était bon de donner un aperçu des publications des clubs germanophones depuis la fin de la Seconde Guerre mondiale, objet de la deuxième partie. Enfi...

  10. Revue Imaginaires n°19 « Pop Culture ! Les Cultures populaires aujourd’hui. »

    OpenAIRE

    Labarre, Nicolas

    2017-01-01

    Ce numéro de la revue Imaginaires, à la couverture des plus réussies, ambitionne d’« interroger à nouveau le concept de "culture populaire" » (10). Il propose pour ce faire une sélection raisonnée de travaux présentés dans le cadre du séminaire « Cultures populaires » du laboratoire interdisciplinaire CIRLEP de l’université de Reims, précédée d’une introduction générale co-signée par les deux animateurs du séminaire, Sylvie Mikovski, et Yann Philippe, spécialistes respectivement d’études irla...

  11. Were the tropics significantly cooler during the last glacial maximum?; Des tropiques plus frais qu`aujourd`hui au dernier maximum glaciaire?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stute, M. [Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, New York (United States)

    1998-12-31

    A paleo-temperature record derived from noble gases dissolved in groundwater indicates that lowland equatorial Brazil has been about 5 deg C cooler during the glacial maximum that today. This new evidence contradicts the long-held belief that the tropical regions maintained their warm climate during the last glacial maximum. It appears now that the tropical Americas are characterized by a temperature sensitivity comparable to that in higher latitudes. (author) 14 refs.

  12. Photovoltaics in Algeria, today's experiences and perspectives of tomorrow; Le photovoltaique en Algerie, experiences d'aujourd'hui et perspectives de demain

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sahouane, Mehdi

    2010-09-15

    The communication describes Algeria's experience in the use of photovoltaics, principal renewable energy type used in the country, through the electrification of around 900 homes in 18 villages. This realization represents one of the largest projects accomplished by public powers in this domain with an installed power of 453KWc, which corresponds to 20% of the solar power currently exploited. Actions for the development of renewable energy in terms of realizations and regulations are listed, explaining the energy policy of Algeria which has fixed its contribution to the national energy balance at a level of 5% for 2017. [French] La communication decrit l'experience de l'Algerie dans l'utilisation du photovoltaique, principal type d'energie renouvelable utilisee dans le pays, a travers l'electrification d'environs 900 foyers repartis sur 18 villages. Cette realisation represente l'un des plus grands projets accomplis par les pouvoirs publics dans ce domaine avec une puissance installee de 453 KWc ce qui correspond a 20% de la puissance solaire presentement exploitee. Les actions destinees au developpement des energies renouvelables en matiere de realisations et reglementation sont citees explicitant la politique energetique de l'Algerie qui se fixe un taux de contribution au bilan energetique national de 5% pour 2017.

  13. Artistic Style and Cultural Background of HuiShan Clay Dolly%浅谈惠山泥人的文化背景及艺术特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱岸静

    2007-01-01

    彩塑是中国最古老的民间艺术之一.惠山泥人在彩塑发展中形成了独自鲜明的艺术风格及特征.本文从惠山泥人的起源和发展,惠山泥人的造型和用色等方面对惠山泥人的艺术特征和文化背景进行了初步的探讨.

  14. 韩非的德法观%On Han Fei's "moral" and "law" concept JIN Hao-hui

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    靳浩辉

    2011-01-01

    Han Fei's"moral"and"law"concept is based on"everyone has a selfish heart"of human nature.He criticized the Confucian ethics and thinking of "rule by virtue",transforming the concept of moral by legalist way,which is not to deny the moral.Han Fei hopes to achieve ideal moral realm through the rule of law.Law,method and tendency of the governing policies is based on Han Fei's"moral"and"law"concept.Han Fei's"moral"and"law"concept has a profound influence on the development of history,and inspired China's socialist construction.%韩非的德法观是建立在"人皆挟自为心"的人性论之上的,他对儒家的道德仁义和"德治"思想的批判、对道德概念的法家式改造,并不是为了否定道德自身,而是希望通过法治实现理想的道德境界。韩非德法观发展的结果是以法为主、法术势相结合的统治理念的提出,其"德""法"观对后来历史的发展影响深远,并对当代中国治国方略的抉择多有鉴借。

  15. Hui Muslims’Circumcision Ceremony in Xingjing Town%宁夏兴泾镇回族的割礼仪式解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周晶; 陶瑞

    2016-01-01

    Male circumcision,which is commonly found in human society,is a rite of passage. On the basis of main-taining the traditional Islamic religious tradition,by the influence of historical and social factors,the Muslim circumcision ceremony had local circumstances and ethnic characteristics. Circumcision is a Muslim rite with specific the symbolism of cleanness. Circumcision is not only a beneficial to health of hygiene practices,but also a cultural phenomenon of the flow-ing through the gift. It maintains in everyday life of the relatives and friends to the indivisible relationship.%普遍存在于人类社会中的男性割礼是对男性生殖器包皮进行切割的成人仪式。在维系伊斯兰教宗教传统的基础上,受历史和社会因素的影响,回族穆斯林的割礼仪式有了地方性情节和民族性特征。割礼是穆斯林的一项圣行,具有干净与洁净的象征意义。同时,割礼不仅是一种有益于男性身体健康的卫生习俗,也是人们通过礼物流动而采借的文化现象,它维系着日常生活中亲友之间难以割舍的亲密关系。

  16. Association of CYP1B1 Polymorphisms with Breast Cancer: A Case-Control Study in the Han Population in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, P. R. China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haiyan Jiao

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Studies investigating possible associations between cytochrome P4501B1 (CYP1B1 polymorphisms and breast cancer risk have been inconsistent. We set out to ascertain whether there might be an association between polymorphisms in exon 2 (codon 119, G→T and exon 3 (codon 432, G→C of CYP1B1 and breast cancer in a Chinese Han population in the rural region of Ningxia. Using an allele-specific polymerase chain reaction method and direct DNA sequencing, the presence or absence of the two CYP1B1 polymorphisms was investigated. Genotype and allele frequencies were analyzed in breast cancer cases (n = 152 and healthy age-matched controls (n = 156. The odds ratio (OR of 119G→T or 432G→C in breast cancer cases and controls was 3.3 (95% CI: 1.28 to 8.28 and 2.8 (95% CI: 1.04 to 7.51, respectively. In addition, the OR for people with both polymorphisms (119T and 432C was 4.69 (95% CI: 1.97 to 11.19. Our results suggest that certain polymorphisms in the CYP1B1 gene might increase risk for breast cancer among Han Chinese, perhaps because they influence the efficiency of CYP1B1 bio-transformation of oestrogens or pro-carcinogens into DNA- reactive electrophiles that may act as cancer-initiating agents.

  17. Association of CYP1B1 Polymorphisms with Breast Cancer: A Case-Control Study in the Han Population in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, P. R. China

    OpenAIRE

    Haiyan Jiao; Chunlian Liu; Weidong Guo; Liang Peng; Yintao Chen; Martin, Francis L.

    2010-01-01

    Studies investigating possible associations between cytochrome P4501B1 (CYP1B1) polymorphisms and breast cancer risk have been inconsistent. We set out to ascertain whether there might be an association between polymorphisms in exon 2 (codon 119, G→T) and exon 3 (codon 432, G→C) of CYP1B1 and breast cancer in a Chinese Han population in the rural region of Ningxia. Using an allele-specific polymerase chain reaction method and direct DNA sequencing, the presence or absence of the two CYP1B1 po...

  18. The Function of the Hui Nationality Islamic Laws of the Customs%回族伊斯兰习惯法的功能

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨经德

    2003-01-01

    回族伊斯兰习惯法以回族社会为基础,有其功能发生的根据,但由于回族伊斯兰习惯法处于国家法的规范和约束之下,从文化的角度看,它处于一种非主流文化状态,其功能主要包括两个方面内容.一为规范功能,包括心理调适、行为导向、民族凝聚、秩序稳定、文化传承等功能;一为公共功能,主要表现在政治、经济、宗教、道德、法治等领域.在现实条件下,回族伊斯兰习惯法功能中的反功能和非功能或不发生作用,或影响无足轻重.

  19. The current status of coal liquefaction technologies - Panorama 2008; La liquefaction du charbon: ou en est-on aujourd'hui? - Panorama 2008

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-07-01

    In 2008, a first coal liquefaction unit to produce motor fuel (20,000 BPSD) will come on-stream in Shenhua, China (in the Ercos region of Inner Mongolia). Other, more ambitious projects have been announced in China for between now and 2020. Since oil production is expected to peak in the medium term, this technology may develop regionally in the next 20 years to cover ever-increasing demand for motor fuel.

  20. 近年回族作家中短篇小说创作片谈%Brief Notes on Novella by Hui Nationality Writers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢友祥

    2003-01-01

    近年回族作家的中短篇小说创作是独树一帜的,有着自己的人文追求和审美取向,至少可以用"洁净"来概括它某个方面的特征.它对生命的关怀、对包括本民族在内的中国人未来精神走向的关注、对伊斯兰文化智慧的张扬和守望价值的胆识,意义重大.

  1. Operational Colour Vision in the Modern Aviation Environment (la Vision des couleurs dans l’environnement aeronautique operationnel d’ aujourd hui)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-03-01

    Streptomycin + II yellow Miscellaneous Cannabis indica + Tobacco (amblyopia) II,III + Sildenafil citrate (Viagra) + II,III Blue, blue-green...see Chapter 5). Dietary deficiency and drug abuse may be overlooked, whilst the effects of Parkinsonism in its commonest manifestation, gross, chronic

  2. Het huis en de regels van het denken : Een cultuurhistorisch onderzoek naar het werk van Simon Stevin, Jacob Cats en Pieter de Hoogh

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mare, de H.

    2003-01-01

    Comparative analysis of early modern Dutch arts (architecture, literature, painting). Development of a historical formalist method, based on historical source criticism, history of science and archaeology on the one hand and Russian formalism, French semiology and structuralism on the other hand.

  3. 民国前期新疆回队初探%Research on Sinkiang Hui Squadron in Earlier Stage of the Republic of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    伏阳

    2011-01-01

    回队是在杨增新治新时期建立并倚重的一支以回族、维吾尔族官兵为主的军队,其军事行动对当时新疆内、外政局产生了重大影响,在民国新疆史上具有重要地位.

  4. La science au(x miroir (s du prince. Savoir et pouvoir dans l'espace arabo-musulman d'hier et d'aujourd'hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdel Wedoud Ould Cheikh

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Le sultan et le savant sont deux figures centrales de la « culture sultanienne » entendue comme un champ de normes et de valeurs présentant une certaine unité dans le monde arabo-musulman. Il y a entre ces deux figures une tension fondamentale, le clerc-savant étant seul autorisé à sermonner le détenteur du pouvoir au nom du savoir et de la justice. Dans la réalité actuelle des pays arabo-musulmans — illustrée ici par le cas de la Mauritanie —, la massification d'un enseignement fortement imprégné de tradition en même temps que socialement dévalué contribue sans doute à l'émergence d'une mouvance contestataire islamiste qui s'inscrit, sur un mode collectif, dans la continuité des admonestations du clerc censeur s'opposant aux dérives du sultan.

  5. Ewa Bogalska-Martin (dir.), Être Noir Au Brésil Aujourd'hui. Identités et mémoires en mutation

    OpenAIRE

    Magdy, Mayada

    2015-01-01

    « Quand Ti-maître eut la certitude que le Noir pourrait apprendre, il cessa le jeu. Oui, le Noir apprenait ! », L’Histoire de Ponciá, Conceição Evaristo. En 2003, l’écrivaine brésilienne - Conceição Evaristo - a publié son roman qui porte sur le parcours de vie d’une petite-fille d’esclaves. Traduit en plusieurs langues, ce roman fait partie des œuvres stimulantes dans la littérature afrodescendante au Brésil. Dans le champ académique, plusieurs chercheurs abordent la question raciale, et sur...

  6. The Construction of Islamic Social-Cultural Space in a Mixed Community of Hui and Han---the Case of Nagu,Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xue Ximing; Yang Xihao; Ma Chuang

    2015-01-01

    The cultural space of multi ethnic residential regions is always diverse and complicat-ed,and the conflicts and integration of multi cul-tures is the main driving force in the process of constructing cultural space. The structure of this kind of culture space is not always stable or un-changeable. On one hand,the nature of cultural space is that it will exhibit new changes following with a deepening of the degree of integration among various cultures,which in turn might play an ac-tive role on the self-renewal of the cultural space. On the other hand,the dramatic cultural conflict produced from cultural misunderstandings might split the former cultural space,especially if some of the ethnic religions or belief systems are misun-derstood. In this case,ethnic or religious conflicts will be unavoidable—and,this will further influ-ence the social stability of a multi-ethnic country or region. Hence,the research on the form and the mechanism for constructing the cultural space of a multi-ethnic residential community becomes very important.

  7. Wu Shaoxiong,Music of Hui'an Women and Something Else%吴少雄及其《惠安女人》音乐

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁献芝

    2004-01-01

    在第三届全国舞剧观摩演出好戏连台的激烈竞争中,福建省歌舞剧院创作、演出的大型舞剧《惠安女人》荣获“观摩演出大奖”和“观众喜爱剧目奖”两项综合大奖;与此同时,该剧音乐(吴少雄作曲)荣获“最佳作曲奖”。这是作曲家继舞剧《丝海箫音》(和林荣元合作)1992年在第一届全国舞剧观摩演出(比赛)中获作曲首奖之后再捧桂冠。

  8. The Belief Custom of Hui and Their Consume Behaviour%回族信仰习俗与其消费行为

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴汉宝

    2002-01-01

    回族的宗教信仰和习俗构成回族经济的重要组成部分.伊斯兰经济理论影响着其消费心理与行为,分析回族消费者行为模式特点、消费者群体心理与内部规范,加强回族信仰习俗研究,可以不断加快地方经济发展.

  9. Study of Proverty Problems in the Rural Areas of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (part Ⅰ)%宁夏农村贫困问题研究(上)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王治业; 马国义

    1997-01-01

    本文从微观角度,以农村住户调查资料为研究对象,运用现代计算机手段,以定量分析为主线,辅以定性分析,对宁夏农村贫困问题进行了较为深入地研究.首先采用3种方法科学地界定贫困线,接着用12项指标对贫困程度进行测定和综合评价,然后从6个方面对贫困变动的影响因素进行了分析,指出其相关程度,最后提出9条反贫战略措施.本文分两期发表.

  10. 广义杨辉三角与Fibonacci数列的一个关系%The relation between generalized Yang Hui triangle and Fibonacci sequence of numbers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    晁晶晶

    2011-01-01

    Fibonacci数列是一个比较特殊的数列;杨辉三角隐含着许多特殊性质,由一些性质把杨辉三角进行推广就得到广义杨辉三角.将广义杨辉三角与Fibonacci数列结合可以得出以广义杨辉三角中某一行为系数的连续几个Fibonacci数的和的简洁优美的计算公式.

  11. Het huis en de regels van het denken : Een cultuurhistorisch onderzoek naar het werk van Simon Stevin, Jacob Cats en Pieter de Hoogh

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mare, de H.

    2003-01-01

    Comparative analysis of early modern Dutch arts (architecture, literature, painting). Development of a historical formalist method, based on historical source criticism, history of science and archaeology on the one hand and Russian formalism, French semiology and structuralism on the other hand. I

  12. Améliorer votre efficacité techniques d'aujourd'hui pour en faire plus en moins de temps

    CERN Document Server

    Savoyat, Bruno

    2012-01-01

    Quels que soient votre fonction, votre métier ou votre mission dans l'entreprise, ce livre pragmatique peut vous ouvrir les chemins d'une nouvelle vie. Il a été conçu et écrit pour vous rendre service et pour vous aider à gagner en efficacité. Les meilleures pratiques y ont été retenues pour vous. Certaines sont utilisées avec succès par plus d'un million de personnes à travers le monde. Leur mise en oeuvre est simple pour un impact maximal sur votre productivité, sur la qualité de votre travail et sur la satisfaction que vous retirerez de votre quotidien professionnel. Les principes et les conseils d'efficacité décrits dans ce livre peuvent être appliqués seul comme en équipe, et être généralisés à l'ensemble d'une entreprise. Vous pouvez choisir de les découvrir par une lecture du début à la fin, qui vous permettra une révision systématique de votre manière de travailler et de votre potentiel de gains en efficacité. Mais vous pouvez également opter pour une découverte théma...

  13. The Semiotical Analysis on the Headwears of the Hui Nationality%回族头饰的符号学解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马晓玖

    2016-01-01

    作为一支在中国环境下借助伊斯兰文化基因孕育和成形的民族,回族的民俗处处体现着伊斯兰文化的保守和汉文化的儒雅.作为辨别民族身份最直观和清晰的符号,回族服饰以朴实、素雅的风格在中国少数民族中独树一帜,而其中的精髓——头饰,已是回族服饰展现其美学思想和审美能力的灵魂.本文从符号学角度对回族头饰的渊源、设计和社会功能展开解读,以为中国少数民族美学研究增砖添瓦.

  14. 《国史概论》作者考%A Study on the Author of Introduction to National History

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范志强

    2011-01-01

    《国史概论》是上海会文堂书局1914年推出的一部教科书性质的中国历史概论,由于版权页没有具体署明作者,因此该书一直没有受到应有的重视。文章以翔实的史料信息,充分论证此书为著名历史演义小说家蔡东藩所著,且是研究蔡东藩生平著述及历史思想的一部重要著作。%Introduction to National History, a textbook of Chinese history, was published by Hui Wen Tang of Shanghai in 1914. Since there was no author's name on the copyright page, the book has not been given due attention. In this paper, detailed historical information and a full argument is provided to show the well-known historical fiction was written by the novelist Cai Dong-fan and this book is also his major work on historical research.

  15. 中国两栖纲和爬行纲动物校正名录%REVISED CHECKLIST OF CHINESE AMPHIBIA & REPTILIA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵尔宓; 张学文; 赵蕙; 王鹰岩

    2000-01-01

    @@ 本名录摘自2000年在台湾出版的之十一:Zhao Ermi(赵尔宓), Chang Hsueh-Wen(张学文), and Zhao Hui(赵蕙)编著"Taxonomic Bibliography of Chinese Amphibia and Reptilia, including Karyological Literature"(中国两栖纲和爬行纲动物分类学文献,包括核学文献) 一书215~238页.该书中此名录部分有美国康乃尔大学鹰岩(Kraig Adler)教授参与合作完成.由于原书印数有限,成本较高(其中一部分从台湾航空寄来,寄费高过印刷费),加以原书名录没有阶元的中文名称,对于一些不熟悉拉丁学名的业余爱好者使用困难,因此目前将该书名录部分重印,并加入中文名称,发表于杂志.

  16. 有关“西式论文”的争论与我见%On Debates over Western-style Thesis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲁国尧

    2015-01-01

    Several articles posted on Wen Hui Daily raised a heated discussion over the advantages and disadvantages of Western-style thesis. Some criticized the negative effects of western-style thesis and advocate to adopt traditional Chinese style in writing thesis. The writher thinks that western style shouldn’ t be the only standard for thesis writing. It’ s rational that a great va-riety of writing styles are adopted.%上海《文汇报》曾刊载了几篇文章,对“西式论文”的利弊展开讨论。有的文章着重指出“西式论文”的负面影响,主张重视中国传统的文体。实可不必将“西式”定为唯一的形式,而“罢黜”中国传统文体,“百花齐放”是合理、合情的举措。

  17. A taxonomic synopsis of Altingiaceae with nine new combinations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefanie Ickert-Bond

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available A taxonomic synopsis of the Altingiaceae is presented, including the taxonomic enumeration and distribution of 15 recognized species based on studies of 1,500 specimens from 24 herbaria throughout the distributional range of the taxa. Previous phylogenetic analyses based on several molecular markers have shown that Altingia and Semiliquidambar are nested within Liquidambar. All Altingia and Semiliquidambar species are now formally transferred to Liquidambar, which has the nomenclatural priority. The following nine new combinations are herein made: Liquidambar cambodiana (Lecomte Ickert-Bond & J. Wen, L. caudata (H. T. Chang Ickert-Bond & J. Wen, L. chingii (Metcalf Ickert-Bond & J. Wen, L. gracilipes (Hemsl. Ickert-Bond & J. Wen, L. multinervis (Cheng Ickert-Bond & J. Wen, L. obovata (Merrill & Chun Ickert-Bond & J. Wen, L. poilanei (Tardieu Ickert-Bond & J. Wen, L. siamensis (Craib Ickert-Bond & J. Wen, and L. yunnanensis (Rehder & Wilson Ickert-Bond & J. Wen.

  18. Two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiographic assessment of left ventricular mechanical synchrony in clinically normal cats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hsu YL

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Yueh-Lun Hsu, Hui-Pi Huang Institute of Veterinary Clinical Science, Veterinary School, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan Abstract: Ventricular heterogeneity and synchrony are associated with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in humans. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is commonly observed in cats. The aim of this study was to determine the presence and normal range of left ventricular mechanical heterogeneity and synchrony in clinically healthy cats using two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography. Thirty-four clinically healthy cats were included in this prospective study. Two-dimensional echocardiography and two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography were performed on all cats. Echocardiographic parameters, including circumferential, radial, and longitudinal strain and strain rate, heterogeneity, and synchrony, were measured. Segmental heterogeneity values in the circumferential, radial, and longitudinal directions were 13.1%±5.9%, 19.1%±10.3%, and 15.4%±6.8%, respectively. Transmural heterogeneity was -14.3%±4.6% in the circumferential direction. Left ventricular synchrony values in the circumferential, radial, and longitudinal directions were 11.7±4.2, 16.5±13.4, and 19.4±8.5 ms, respectively. Interventricular synchrony was -3.9±13.2 ms. Left ventricular heterogeneity and synchrony were noted in clinically healthy cats; segmental heterogeneity, which is characterized as longitudinal, progressively increased from the apical to the basal segments, while transmural heterogeneity, which is characterized as circumferential, progressively decreased from the endocardium to the epicardium. Keywords: feline, ventricular heterogeneity, synchrony

  19. On the Debate Concerning Hui Female Educational Purpose under the System of Different Gender Discourse-as the Center of the Hui Magazines in the Republican Period%不同性别话语体系下回族女子教育宗旨的论争——以民国回族报刊为中心

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘莉

    2013-01-01

    民国时期回族社会女子教育的整体缺乏与落后的现实使得关于女子教育问题的相关讨论成为回族报刊中一个比较显眼的话题,回族社会对女子教育问题从总体上给予了积极的关照.回族男性与女性知识分子的看法不一,女性的观点更理性、更纯粹、更激进,但回族社会总体上是希望通过女子教育来塑造穆斯林家庭中有知识的“新贤妻良母”.回族女性通过接受新式教育发挥家庭主妇的作用来实现女性的社会价值的观点,仍然是回族社会关于女子教育的主流舆论.

  20. 云南藏区"藏回"族群社会结构研究——以香格里拉县哈巴村"藏回"族群为个案%The Social Structure of the "Tibeto-Hui" Group in Yunnan: A Case Study of the Tibeto-Hui Group in Haba Village of Shangri-La

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张实; 李红春

    2009-01-01

    我们对云南迪庆"藏回"族群的社会结构进行了较深入调查,揭示了"藏回"族群的形成是在藏区回族移民和藏族长期频繁的社会交往中,回族对藏族社会生活及文化的积极适应结果,是回族文化多样性的表现.我们研究"藏回"族群结构多元的文化构成,探讨现今"藏回"族群村落社会控制三元结构并存的新问题,提出云南"藏回"是历史上穆斯林积极适应藏区社会文化的产物,是回族的一个亚族群.

  1. Таллин глазами русских литератов (1918-1940) : общие наблюдения / Аурика Меймре

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Меймре, Аурика, 1969-

    2006-01-01

    Peamiselt ajakirjanduses ilmunud artiklite, reisikirjade ja ilukirjanduslike teoste alusel. Pikemalt Pjotr Pilski artiklitest ja A. Tshernjavski-Tshernigorski romaanist "Sem lun blazhennoi Brigittõ" (1938)

  2. Таллин глазами русских литератов (1918-1940) : общие наблюдения / Аурика Меймре

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Меймре, Аурика, 1969-

    2006-01-01

    Peamiselt ajakirjanduses ilmunud artiklite, reisikirjade ja ilukirjanduslike teoste alusel. Pikemalt Pjotr Pilski artiklitest ja A. Tshernjavski-Tshernigorski romaanist "Sem lun blazhennoi Brigittõ" (1938)

  3. 东濮凹陷文23气田沙四段储层沉积相特征%Characteristics of sedimentary facies in the fourth member of Shahejie Formation in Wen 23 Gas Field,Dongpu Depression

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏月琦; 李琦; 田艳红; 卢忠琼

    2010-01-01

    东濮凹陷文23气田沙河街组四段是该地区主要的天然气储集层系,其发育及展布主要受沉积相带和后期构造控制.综合利用地震、钻井和测井资料,分析文23气田沙四段沉积体系与沉积微相特征,并根据沉积相演化特点探讨其古地理特征.研究认为:文23气田区沙四段上部以咸水较深湖沉积为主,其次为滨浅湖相滩坝沉积和重力流沉积,发育较厚的灰色粉砂岩,为沙四段主要储气层;沙四段下部主要为漫湖相砂坪、混合坪和泥坪沉积,发育紫红色粉砂岩.沙四段沉积时期盆地处于初始裂陷期,盆地为浅水湖泊环境干旱、半干旱气候湖水面受季节性洪水补给作用影响:沙四段上部沉积时期湖水逐渐加深.沙四段沉积整体处于湖泊水进期物源体系主要来自西北方向.

  4. 《文心雕龙》是一部子书%The Literary Mind and the Carving of Dragons (Wen Xin Diao Long) as a Work of Philosophy (Zi Shu)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邬国平

    2013-01-01

    In the Sui Records ( Sui Zhi) and the collections afterwards , The Literary Mind and the Carving of Dragons has been classified in the Literature (Ji) section.Although there are scholars arguing that it belongs to the category of Philosophy ( Zi) , their voice is too insignificant to challenge the prevailing view due to the immense influence of Sui Records .Notably,"Preface to the Records (Xu Zhi)"and the "Schools of Thought ( Zhu Zi)"are highly consistent in their description of the author's intention and the nature of the book The Literary Mind and the Carving of Dragons, which forcefully demonstrates that the author Liu Xie has meant it to be a philosophical work .This finding is helpful for us to better understand both the authorial intention and the characteristic of the book .%《文心雕龙》在《隋志》及以后的目录里多归在集部。尽管也有认为《文心》是子书的,但这种说法影响甚微,不足以改变《隋志》影响所致而形成的普遍看法。由《序志》和《诸子》两篇的对照可见,两文对作者著述用心和《文心》著作性质的表述高度一致,这就证明,刘勰本人是将《文心》当作子书来写的。了解这一点,有助于我们认识刘勰撰写《文心》的态度,也有助于理解该书的特点。

  5. 沈从文《月下小景》对自然人性的反思%Shen Cong-wen's Rational Perspective Toward His Collection Scenery in the Moon

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱乐懿

    2007-01-01

    1931年沈从文离开上海赴青岛.在青岛,沈从文内心经历了一次理性与非理性的思辩.青岛时期创作的《月下小景》中的诸篇小说,超越了上海时期的《龙朱》等篇,表现出对自然人性中"神性"和"魔性"的反思.

  6. 昆虫驱避剂驱蚊肤宁的高效液相色谱分析%UV-HPLC Determination of DEET in Insect Repellent QU WEN FU NING

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王效义; 尤洪涛; 马宏安; 董桂蕃

    1999-01-01

    目的:建立紫外-高效液相色谱法,测定驱蚊肤宁中N,N-二乙基间甲苯甲酰胺(DEET)的含量.方法:以YWG C18为反相柱,甲醇-水(2-1)为流动相,紫外检测波长为254nm.结果:驱蚊肤宁中DEET的回收率为100.10%,RSD为0.90%(n=5).结论:该法简便、快速、准确、可靠,适合于产品的质量控制.

  7. Arthur Schopenhauer's Works Quoted in Wang Kuo-wei's Ching-an Wen-chi%《静盦文集》所据叔本华作品考原

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高山杉

    2007-01-01

    中国现代学术的开辟者、文史学家王国维早年研究、介绍德国哲学家叔本华的哲学思想,主要是依据19世纪末到20世纪初出版的数种叔本华作品英译本.在《静盦文集》的正、续编中,他以多种方式引用和化用了这些英译本的原文,以实现他建立一种"中西化合相互推助之学"的理想.本文对这些脱胎于叔本华作品的文字做了考证和还原,试为评估王国维对西洋哲学的理解提供一个客观有效的方法.

  8. 浅谈咏贫类文学——以韩愈《送穷文》为中心%The Discussion on "Praising Poverty" ——Focusing on Hanyu's Essay Song Qiong Wen

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘敏敏

    2012-01-01

    韩愈《送穷文》作为咏贫类文学的经典之作,揭示了士人生存窘境,品行才能上的“富有”及现实的失意不得志之“穷”的冲突,也肯定了士人安贫乐道的精神,千古文人之“穷”不出于韩文“智穷”、‘‘学穷”、“文穷”、“命穷”、“交穷”这“五穷‘。《送穷文》以游戏谐虐之笔“宣郁抒衷”。“宣”的“士不遇”的苦闷,抒的是守道固贫的信念。这类文学为士人提供了宣泄途穷郁闷的途径。基于同情共感的传统,容易引起共鸣及效仿。%Han Yu's "Song Qiong Wen" is masterpiece of singing the poor literature. It reveals scholars survival dilemma and the conflict between moral rich and the reality of frustrated unsuccessful "poor", and certainly confirms scholars' spirit of happy to lead a simple and virtuous life. Through the ages, Ihe "poor" of scholars is not out of Han Yu's five poor situations, they are, the "poor" of wisdom, the "poor" of learning, the "poor" of article, the "poor" of life, and the "poor" of contact. "The send the poor text" uses joking technique to express gloomy of mediocrity beyond promotion to a higher post and belief of happy to lead a simple and virtuous life. This type of literature provides the way to express grief of the end of a read. Based on the sympathy and synesthesia tradition, It's easy to arouse resonance and emulation.

  9. 大型文学刊物《文聚》形式考述*%InvestigatiOn intO the FOrm Of Cluster of Writings (Wen Ju),a VOIuminOus Literary JOurnaI

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李光荣

    2014-01-01

    抗战时期昆明的文学刊物《文聚》是西南联大学生林元主创的。《文聚》有着自己的形式特征,刊名、开本、刊期、目录、编后、出版时间和版权页等“版形”同少异多,不可“举一反三”;稿约和广告等“附载”有同有异,反映出文聚社的外部关系,不能“知一而足”;目录与正文的排列显示出《文聚》高超的编辑艺术,值得研究学习。在研究者很难见全《文聚》杂志的情况下,文后还附录了《文聚》各期的目录。%A literary publication and founded and commenced by Lin Yuan,a student from the National Southwest Associated University in Kunming during the Anti _Japanese War,the Cluster of Writings bears its own particular characteristics,for,there are more differences than similarities in its stereotype as the layout of its title,size,directory,postscript,publication date,and copyright page and other items, and the same is true with its notice to contributors and advertisement•So“inferences cannot be drawn a_bout other cases from one instance”• And the,arrangement of the directory and text,too,demonstrates its superb editing art worthy of study• Consequently,whereas it is difficult for the researcher to get hold of all its issues so far published,the directory of every issue is at least attached beneath•

  10. 温州地区人上颌第一恒磨牙牙根解剖的研究%Root anatomy of maxillary first molars in people from WenZhou region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪敏; 韦永珍; 潘乙怀

    2011-01-01

    AIM: To study the root anatomy of the maxillary first molars in people from Wenzhou region.METHODS : A total of 60 extracted maxillary first molars were colleded and numbered.Macro morphology of the root, degree of abrasion, number and type of apical foramen were observed.Vemier was used to measure the length indexes and distance from the apical foramen to the root apex.aearins technique was used to investigate the root carul systems.RESULTS :55.4% of the apical foramens did not locate at their apices, 61.6% of mesiobuccal roots had two caruds, and 1.7% of teeth had three root canals.CONCLUSION :'The root anatomy of the maxillary first molara in people from Wenzhou region is very complex.%目的:了解温州地区人上颌第一恒磨牙牙根解剖基本特点.方法:收集60个温州地区人上颌第一恒磨牙,肉眼观察牙根外形、根尖孔数目、类型;游标卡尺测量牙根长度指标、根尖孔到牙根顶点的距离;透明牙标本法观察根管系统.结果:上颌第一恒磨牙55.4%根尖孔不在根尖顶点,近中颊根双根管率为61.6%,3根管率为1.7%.结论:温州地区人上颌第一恒磨牙牙根、根管形态复杂,应给予足够的重视.

  11. Well Test Methods for Shallow wens and Wells with Abnormal Pressure in Jilin Oilfield%吉林油田浅井及压力异常井测试方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李权; 张文甫; 盖连民; 王玉连

    2009-01-01

    吉林油田的MFE地层测试施工中,有两种情况有别于其他油田.一是浅井测试,垂直井深甚至小于280 m;二是压力异常井测试,这类井的特点是地层压力大于静液柱压力,二开井操作MFE时经常出现卡瓦封隔器上窜或跨隔封隔器不密封、MFE无法换位等现象.针对以上两种特殊情况,总结形成了一套自己的测试方法,经过多年应用,效果理想,为吉林油田的勘探开发提供了技术保障.

  12. Study of the Cross-Strait Political Relations and on Tsai Ing-wen's "Maintaining the Status Quo"%两岸政治"关系"解析——兼析蔡英文"维持现状"说

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄嘉树

    2015-01-01

    两岸政治关系包括政治定位、政治对抗、政治合作、政治互信等四个基本面.本文从这"四个基本面"对两岸政治关系的现状加以考察,兼带对民进党主席蔡英文女士的"维持现状"主张予以辨析.本人认为,"九二共识"是两岸关系现状的一部分,推翻"九二共识"决不是"维持现状",而是挑战现状和破坏现状."敌对状态未结束"也是两岸关系现状的一部分,对此最好的办法绝非"维持现状",而是"聚同化异".蔡英文提出"维持现状"是玩了个偷换概念的手法,台湾历次民调中的"维持现状"是指不统不"独",而蔡却把现状定义成"已独",所以她要的"维持现状"同台湾多数民意希望的"维持现状"根本就是两码事!两岸当局携手共创和平发展稳定框架,这是两岸关系现状中最灿烂夺目的新篇章;其精神动力绝不是"维持现状",而恰恰是要"改变现状",首先是对陈水扁"逢中必反"的激进"台独"路线的"拨乱反正".七年来一贯反对这些创举的人现在突然要"维护现状",真是绝妙讽刺!

  13. 2008年以来蔡英文两岸政策主张变化分析%An Analysis to the Change of Tsai Ing-wen's Cross-Strait Policy: 2008-2016

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林劲

    2016-01-01

    2008年蔡英文首次就任民进党主席到2014年5月第三次担任党主席,以至成为2016年“总统”候选人并且当选,直到就职,其两岸政策主张发生了一系列变化.本文以2014年5月为界线分成两个时期,梳理及论述蔡英文的两岸政策主张及其变化,揭示具体的背景和原因,并且对其“5.20”就职演说的两岸政策部分作一初步分析,借以作为考察其主政之后两岸政策走向的基础.

  14. Primary Analysis of the Strategy and the Purpose of Tsai Ing-wen's "Participatory Democracy"%浅析蔡英文"参与式民主"的策略意图

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐青

    2015-01-01

    笔者将蔡英文的政治路线定性为"和平的民主台独路线",这里"台独"是底蕴,是最终目标;"和平"、"民主"则是达成"台独"目标的两大保障.本文围绕蔡"民主台独"的新动向——提出"参与式民主"的策略意图及其选择"参与式民主"模式的背景因素展开分析与论述,揭示蔡的"和平民主台独"路线本质.

  15. 契合与传承--波德莱尔与闻一多比并零谈%Agreement and Succession--A comparison between Baudelaire and Wen Yiduo

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    文雅

    2005-01-01

    法国象征派先驱波德莱尔对中国新诗的发展有着重要的影响.对波德莱尔和闻一多进行诗歌功用、审美视角和诗艺贡献三方面的比较,可以使我们清楚地看到中国新诗代表诗人闻一多与波德莱尔之间的契合和前者对后者的传承.

  16. Study of rehabilitation requirements of amputee during WenChuan Earthquake%汶川地震伤截肢患者的康复需求调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李诗雨; 陈忠兰; 敬沛嘉; 宁宁

    2009-01-01

    目的:了解汶川地震后截肢患者存在的功能障碍及康复需求情况.方法:选取我院骨科2008 年5 月12 日至2008 年6 月1 日收治的19 例截肢患者为研究对象,采用自行设计的调查表,由康复医师在征得研究对象同意的情况下完成资料的收集. 结果:63.2%的患者存在肌力下降,36.8%的患者生活需要帮助,其中生活依赖明显占31.6%,完全依赖占5.3 %,几乎所有患者存在参与功能障碍. 结论:大多数截肢患者存在不同程度的功能障碍,应该引起高度重视其康复锻炼.

  17. 探测"文字"的奥妙——沈从文形式批评试论%Exploration of the Mystery of Written Language: SHEN Cong-wen's Form Criticism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙明英

    2007-01-01

    沈从文的文学批评是一种形式批评,立足回到文学自身.对"文字"的批评,是他形式批评的一个重要尺度.他所说的"文字"实际上是一种书面语言.他认为文字创造应该完全;"文字"运用与言语运用可以实行转化,提出以口语造"意境";"文字"与言语转化的中介就是作者的深切体验和技巧的运用.

  18. 周勃父子的遭遇与文景用人政策探析%On the misfortune of Zhou Bo and his son and the empire Wen and Jing's policy of personnel placement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺润坤

    2010-01-01

    周勃、周亚夫父子皆任太尉、丞相,有拥立和稳定文、景统治之大功,但其结果却是周勃两次任丞相共计不足两年,即被免相归其封地,又被诬告谋反之罪被文帝下法司刑讯,幸有薄太后相救,才免一死;周亚夫因与景帝在太子废立等事件上意见相左,不仅被逼谢病免相,还在朝宴中被景帝有意刁难与申斥,进而被诬陷谋反入狱,绝食而死,封爵被废.周勃父子的遭遇,既体现了功高震主的现实及汉高祖削除异姓诸侯王政策的继续,又反映了西汉前期皇权与相权之争的激烈,更表现了文、景二帝用人政策的实质,而其过河拆桥、以怨报德则显示其冷酷的一面.对之探析有助于对文、景二帝进行客观评价.

  19. 《文心雕龙·知音》的历史贡献及现实意义%On the Historical Contribution and Practical Significance of On Soul Mates of Wen Xin Diao Long

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李兆新

    2015-01-01

    《文心雕龙·知音》是刘勰论述文章鉴赏和批评的专论,它的主要贡献在于,发现了接受主体,概括了批评的三种错误倾向,分析了“音实难知”的主客观原因.同时,它指出了鉴赏和批评的前提条件和正确态度,提出了鉴赏和批评的具体方法和基本途径.《知音》篇对于当今读者、作者、评论家以及语文教学都具有一定的现实意义.

  20. HSP70 expression of workers exposure to power frequency electromagnetic fields in 500 kV substation. 'WEN%500kV变电站工人HSP70表达水平研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    温翠菊; 闫雪华; 李丽; 黎丽春; 张丹英; 邹剑明

    2011-01-01

    Objective To explore the HSP70 expression of workers exposure to power frequency electromagnetic fields in 500 kV substation. Methods 263 workers and 252 administrative staff were selected as exposed and control group, respectively. The contents of HSP70 protein in sera were determined by ELISA assay. Results The differcnce of power frequency electric field and power frequency magnetic field between exposed and control group was statistically significant (P=0.000), (P=0.000), respectively. HSP70 protein contents were (17.71±13.63) and (16.65±9.60), respectively. The difference was not statistically significant (P=0.430). Conclusion The contents of HSP70 protein of workers exposure to power frequency electromagnetic fields in 500 kV substation are no different from the control group.%目的 探讨工频电磁场对500 kV变电站工人外周血HSP70表达水平的影响,寻找可实际应用早期效应标记物.方法 选择广东省内500kV变电站263名巡检人员作为暴露人群及抽取252名各变电站行政管理人员作为对照人群,分别抽取外周血5 ml,用HSP70 ELISA试剂盒进行测定.结果 500 kV变电站工人与对照组的工频电场(t=12.455,P=0.000)、工频磁场(t=18.942,P=0.000)暴露比较差异有统计学意义.经校正后,变电站工人与对照人群外周HSP70蛋白表达水平比较差异无统计学意义(F=0.624,P=0.430).结论 长期接触工频电磁场没有引起变电站工人HSP70表达水平增加.