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Sample records for hui dai richard

  1. Richard III

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauridsen, Palle Schantz

    2017-01-01

    Kort analyse af Shakespeares Richard III med fokus på, hvordan denne skurk fremstilles, så tilskuere (og læsere) langt henad vejen kan føle sympati med ham. Med paralleller til Netflix-serien "House of Cards"......Kort analyse af Shakespeares Richard III med fokus på, hvordan denne skurk fremstilles, så tilskuere (og læsere) langt henad vejen kan føle sympati med ham. Med paralleller til Netflix-serien "House of Cards"...

  2. Richard Rorty

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjermitslev, Hans Henrik

    2016-01-01

    anglo-amerikanske filosoffer siden John Dewey og Bertrand Russell i første halvdel af århundredet. Richard begyndte sin akademiske løbebane inden for analytisk filosofi, men gjorde op med store dele af denne retning med Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature i 1979, der hører til blandt de mest...

  3. Professor Richard Feynman colloquium

    CERN Multimedia

    1965-01-01

    Richard P. Feynman received the Nobel Prize for physics in 1965. Following the ceremony in Stockholm, Feynman gave the colloquium "Development of the space-time view of quantum electrodynamics" at CERN on 17th December.

  4. Interview of Richard Keynes

    OpenAIRE

    Keynes, Richard

    2007-01-01

    Interviewed on 26th September 2007 by Alan Macfarlane at his home. Lasts about one hour. Interview of Richard Keynes, retired Professor of physiology at Cambridge and great grandson of Charles Darwin, on his life and work

  5. Professor Richard Skemp

    Science.gov (United States)

    Worboys, Michael

    1977-01-01

    Richard Skemp, author of The Psychology of Learning Mathematics, briefly outlines his theory of schematic learning and comments on motivation, contributions by psychologists to the learning of mathematics, British Curriculum Projects, "Modern Mathematics," and provisions for slow learners and for gifted children. (DT)

  6. Richards Bay effluent pipeline

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Lord, DA

    1986-07-01

    Full Text Available This report discusses the adequate provision for waste disposal is an essential part of the infrastructure needed in the development of Richards Bay as a deepwater harbour and industrial/metropolitan area. Having considered various options for waste...

  7. Richard Halliburton's Bearded Tales

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Charles E., III

    2009-01-01

    Fusing the concept of "the beard" with the genre of the tall tale to theorize bearded tales deepens our understanding of closet eloquence, or rhetorical repertories of sexual passing in U.S. history. An examination of adventurer-writer-lecturer Richard Halliburton's sexual provenance and bestselling travel tale, "The Royal Road to Romance" (1925),…

  8. The Deep Roots of Hui Operao

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1993-01-01

    HUI Opera Groups arrivalin Beliing for performances200 years ago created a fu-rore,produced Peking opera andpromoted the developmen of val-ious kinds of local operas in China. The earliest Hui opera emergedat the beginning of the sixth centu-ry.It originated in the Qingyangstyle of singing,which was popu-lar in the Jiuhua Mountain areas insouthern Hui.Its fame had spreadthroughout the country by 1522.Book traders of the time compiledthe performed pieces and publishedmore than 10 collections.Some ofthese books went abroad,and nowthe Bibliotheque Nationale in Paris,the Japanese Cabinet Library andthe State Library in Germany allhave several.Later songs by fisher-men along the Yangtze River in theAnqing area were assimilated intothe Qingyaug style and thus a newform of singing,named Bazi sing-ing,emerged.At the same time theQingyang and Shuino styles in theKunshan area in Jiangsu Provincecombined to form Chui singing.

  9. Richard Lavenham on Future Contingents

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Øhrstrøm, Peter

    1983-01-01

    Richard Lavenham on Future Contingents’, Cahiers de l’Institut du Moyen-âge Grec et Latin, 44 (1983), p.180-186.......‘Richard Lavenham on Future Contingents’, Cahiers de l’Institut du Moyen-âge Grec et Latin, 44 (1983), p.180-186....

  10. Richard Feynman and computation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hey, Tony

    1999-04-01

    The enormous contribution of Richard Feynman to modern physics is well known, both to teaching through his famous Feynman Lectures on Physics, and to research with his Feynman diagram approach to quantum field theory and his path integral formulation of quantum mechanics. Less well known perhaps is his long-standing interest in the physics of computation and this is the subject of this paper. Feynman lectured on computation at Caltech for most of the last decade of his life, first with John Hopfield and Carver Mead, and then with Gerry Sussman. The story of how these lectures came to be written up as the Feynman Lectures on Computation is briefly recounted. Feynman also discussed the fundamentals of computation with other legendary figures of the computer science and physics community such as Ed Fredkin, Rolf Landauer, Carver Mead, Marvin Minsky and John Wheeler. He was also instrumental in stimulating developments in both nanotechnology and quantum computing. During the 1980s Feynman re-visited long-standing interests both in parallel computing with Geoffrey Fox and Danny Hillis, and in reversible computation and quantum computing with Charles Bennett, Norman Margolus, Tom Toffoli and Wojciech Zurek. This paper records Feynman's links with the computational community and includes some reminiscences about his involvement with the fundamentals of computing.

  11. Richard Rorty in Context

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brian Lloyd

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Richard Rorty was a strong contextualist in his approach to philosophical and political ideas, yet his own most characteristic arguments are typically evaluated without much reference to the historical circumstances that provoked them. A key participant in the post-1980 revival of pragmatism within North American and European intellectual circles, Rorty reaffirmed the strong connections between American pragmatism and German idealism. This move placed him at odds with scholars who forged the unity of pragmatism—united John Dewey and William James—under the banner of radical empiricism. Those engaged most enthusiastically in celebrating Rorty’s achievements, in short, defend a conception of pragmatism that Rorty sharply criticized and ideas about the history of philosophy that he did not share. His distinctive intellectual agenda is best appreciated after setting it in the context of the history of the American Left and, more specifically, the reckoning with the tumultuous 1960s that animates so many ongoing debates—inside and outside the academy—about cultural and political affairs.

  12. Digital Avionics Information System (DAIS): Impact of DAIS Concept on Life Cycle Cost. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goclowski, John C.; And Others

    Designed to identify and quantify the potential impacts of the Digital Avionics Information System (DAIS) on weapon system personnel requirements and life cycle cost (LCC), this study postulated a typical close-air-support (CAS) mission avionics suite to serve as a basis for comparing present day and DAIS configuration specifications. The purpose…

  13. Hui Students’ Identity Construction in Eastern China: A Postcolonial Critique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuxiang Wang

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available In this article, we explored Hui students’ lived experiences in school in eastern China and the impact of their experiences on their identity construction. We used postcolonial theory as a theoretical framework and narrative inquiry as a research methodology to guide questions that we asked, data collection, data analysis, and interpretation and discussion of the findings in the study. We found that schooling for the two Hui students in eastern China is a process of reproducing mainstream Han ideology; taking away their culture, beliefs, knowledge, and identity; and imposing the mainstream Han culture and knowledge on Hui students as truth. The participants, two Hui students in an elementary school in eastern China, accepted the identity constructed by mainstream Han teachers and were confused about their Hui identity.

  14. Richard Compton, University of Oxford.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-07-01

    The Analyst profiles Richard Compton, Professor of Chemistry at the University of Oxford and the first and only recipient of both the RSC Medals in Electrochemistry and in Electroanalytical Chemistry.

  15. Translation and cultural adaptation of Health Utilities Index (HUI) Mark 2 (HUI2) and Mark 3 (HUI3) with application to survivors of childhood cancer in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimoda, Sandra; de Camargo, Beatriz; Horsman, John; Furlong, William; Lopes, Luiz Fernando; Seber, Adriana; Barr, Ronald D

    2005-06-01

    There are few publications reporting health-related quality of life (HRQL) in developing nations. Most instruments measuring HRQL have been developed in English-speaking countries. These instruments need to be culturally adapted for use in non-English-speaking countries. The HUI2 and HUI3 are generic, preference-based systems for describing health status and HRQL. Developed in Canada, the systems have been translated into more than a dozen languages and used worldwide in hundreds of studies of clinical and general populations. The Brazilian-Portuguese translation of the HUI systems was supervised by senior HUInc staff having experience with both the HUI systems and translations. The process included two independent forward translations of the multi-attribute health status classification systems and related questionnaires, consensus between translators on a forward translation, back-translation by two independent translators of the forward translation, and review of the back-translations by original developers of the HUI. The final questionnaires were tested by surveying a sample of convenience of 50 patients recruited at the Centro de Tratamento e Pesquisa-Hospital do Cancer in São Paulo, Brazil. Fifty patients were enrolled in the study. No assessor, patient or nurse or physician, reported problems answering the HUI questionnaires. No significant differences were found in mean overall HUI2 or HUI3 utility scores among types of assessors. Variability in scores are similar to those from other studies in Latin America and Canada. Test results provide preliminary evidence that the Brazilian-Portuguese translation is acceptable, understandable, reliable and valid for assessing health-status and HRQL among survivors of cancer in childhood in Brazil.

  16. Gebruik van elektriciteit: Domotica: Huis van de toekomst: Klas 4 havo

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    O. van Buuren; M. van der Lee

    2008-01-01

    Deze module behandelt elektriciteit en automatisering in huis. We richten ons daarbij ook op het huis van de toekomst. Bij de elektriciteitsleer ligt de nadruk op het gebruik van elektriciteit in huis, bij de automatisering op intelligente systemen in huis. Er komt een vervolg module domotica 2 als

  17. The design analysis integration (DAI) initiative

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Augenbroe, G.; Wilde, P.J.C.J. de; Moon, H.J.; Malkawi, A.; Brahme, R.; Choudhary, R.

    2003-01-01

    The Design Analysis Integration (DAI)-Initiative aims to steer towards new solutions for design analysis integration. These solutions should be able to overcome the limitations of current interoperability approaches that assume the existence of generic and static interfaces in a ‘perfect world’ in w

  18. Richard Peters and Valuing Authenticity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Degenhardt, M. A. B.

    2009-01-01

    Richard Peters has been praised for the authenticity of his philosophy, and inquiry into aspects of the development of his philosophy reveals a profound authenticity. Yet authenticity is something he seems not to favour. The apparent paradox is resolved by observing historical changes in the understanding of authenticity as an important value.…

  19. Obituary: Dr. Richard Roland Baker

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thornton R

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Richard Baker died at Easter 2007 after a very short illness. It is sad that he died so soon after his retirement from the British American Tobacco Company at the end of 2005, and just as he was beginning to enjoy his new life, even though tobacco science still had a part to play.

  20. Richard Antiku kunstikiindumus / Jüri Hain

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hain, Jüri, 1941-

    2011-01-01

    Arvustus:Raamatu valgusel. Richard Antik 100. Artikleid ja bibliograafia. Koostanud Merike Kiipus ja Piret Noorhani. Tartu : Eesti Kirjandusmuuseum, 2001. Ka Richard Antiku tegevusest kollektsionääri, näitustekorraldaja, kunstikaupmehe ning kunstikriitikuna

  1. Richard Antiku kunstikiindumus / Jüri Hain

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hain, Jüri, 1941-

    2011-01-01

    Arvustus:Raamatu valgusel. Richard Antik 100. Artikleid ja bibliograafia. Koostanud Merike Kiipus ja Piret Noorhani. Tartu : Eesti Kirjandusmuuseum, 2001. Ka Richard Antiku tegevusest kollektsionääri, näitustekorraldaja, kunstikaupmehe ning kunstikriitikuna

  2. A Formal Semantics of DAI Language NUML

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许满武; 陆剑锋; 等

    1995-01-01

    Traditional AI systems are brittle in the sense that they fail miserably when presented with problems even sliphtly outside of their limited range of expertise.A powerful,extensible strategy of Distributed Artificial Intelligence (DAI) for overcoming such bounds is to put the system in a society of systems.So the ability to coordinate group activities of individuals and to communicate between each other is necessary for a language describing DAI systems.Agent-oriented language NUML is such a language.It is a specific kind of object-oriented language.To give formal semantics to NUML,there is the problem to formalise object-oriented programming paradigm which is still open.The theory of higher-order π-calculus is a concurrent computation model with sufficient capability,which provides us a mathematical tool to do the formalization.This paper tries to use higher-order π-calculus to formalise NUML.

  3. La recherche alpine aujourd’hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Jacques Brun

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Alpine research benefits from several international coordination networks, only one of which – ISCAR (the International Scientific Committee on Research in the Alps – works solely in the Alpine arc. The creation of ISCAR is a consequence of the input and involvement of various Alpine partners around the Alpine Convention. Alpine research now aims to promote an integrated vision of Alpine territories focusing on creating and maintaining spatial and temporal networks of sustainable relationships between humans and the other components of the ecosphere. It combines resource usage with conservation of the biological and cultural diversity that makes up the Alpine identity. This article aims to show: (1 how international Alpine research coordination is organised; (2 the role played by the Alpine Convention as a framework of reference for specifically Alpine research; and (3 the role that the ISCAR international commit-tee and the Interreg “Alpine Space” programmes play in uniting research around territorial challenges relating to biodiversity conservation and territorial development.La recherche sur les Alpes bénéficie de plusieurs réseaux de coordination internationaux dont un seul, le comité international recherche alpine (ISCAR, se consacre exclusivement à l’arc alpin. La création de l’ISCAR est une retombée de la mobilisation des divers partenaires alpins autour de la mise en place de la Convention alpine. Aujourd’hui, la recherche alpine vise à promouvoir une vision intégrée des territoires centrée sur la création et le maintien d’un réseau spatial et temporel de relations durables entre les hommes et les autres composantes de l’écosphère. Elle associe étroitement la mise en valeur des ressources et la conservation des diversités biologiques et culturelles qui constituent l’identité alpine. Cet article a pour ambition de montrer : (1 comment s’organise la coordination internationale des recherches sur les

  4. Interleukin-6 genotypes and serum levels in Chinese Hui population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Shu-Ping; Liang, Shu; Pan, Min; Sun, Rong-Liang; Chen, Chu; Luan, Hong; Jiang, Min-Hui

    2014-01-01

    Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a key pro-inflammatory cytokine involved in different physiologic and pathophysiologic processes, and circulating levels of IL-6 differ greatly between individuals. The Chinese Hui is one of the largest ethnic minorities, little is known about the distribution of IL-6 genetic variations and their effects on serum levels in Hui population. The aim of the present study is to determine the prevalence of -174G/C (rs1800795), -597G/A (rs1800797), and -634C/G (rs1800796) polymorphisms in the IL-6 gene promoter region and their association with IL-6 serum levels in the Ningxia Hui population. A total of 96 Hui subjects, (57 men and 39 women; mean age 49.65 ± 19.73 years) unrelated nationality residents in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region were enrolled. Genotyping of the three polymorphisms were performed by polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) combined with gel electrophoresis and then confirmed by direct sequencing. The -174G/C (97.92% GG, 2.08% GC, and 0% CC) and -597G/A (98.96% GG, 1.04% GA, and 0% AA) polymorphisms were rare. The frequencies of -634C/G genotypes CC, CG, and GG were found to be 54.17%, 40.62%, and 5.21%, respectively in total studied subjects, the derived allele frequencies for the C and G alleles were 74.48% and 25.52%. Increased IL-6 levels were correlated with the IL-6 -634G allele carriers (CG+GG genotypes). The results suggest that IL-6 -174G/C and -597G/A are rare but -634C/G is common in the Ningxia Hui population, and the -634G allele is associated with circulating levels of IL-6.

  5. Interleukin-6 genotypes and serum levels in Chinese Hui population

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a key pro-inflammatory cytokine involved in different physiologic and pathophysiologic processes, and circulating levels of IL-6 differ greatly between individuals. The Chinese Hui is one of the largest ethnic minorities, little is known about the distribution of IL-6 genetic variations and their effects on serum levels in Hui population. The aim of the present study is to determine the prevalence of -174G/C (rs1800795), -597G/A (rs1800797), and -634C/G (rs1800796) pol...

  6. On Some Richard Rorty's Evolution

    OpenAIRE

    Kwiek, Marek

    1993-01-01

    I would like to take into consideration in this text the possibility of Richard Rorty's evolution of views in terms of — suggested by him — distinction between the private and the public as well as in terms of his dichotomous pair of „solidarity" and „self-creation". My efforts would aim at showing that Rorty as a commentator on other philosophers is more and more inclined to value the significance of self-creational, developing one's „final vocabulary" way of philosophizing, w...

  7. J. Richard Hackman (1940-2013)

    OpenAIRE

    Wageman, Ruth; Amabile, Teresa M.

    2013-01-01

    When J. Richard Hackman died in Cambridge, Massachusetts, on January 8, 2013, psychology lost a giant. Six and a half feet tall, with an outsize personality to match, Richard was the leading scholar in two distinct areas: work design and team effectiveness. In both domains, his work is foundational. Throughout his career, Richard applied rigorous methods to problems of great social importance, tirelessly championing multi-level analyses of problems that matter. His impact on our field has bee...

  8. Richard's back: death, scoliosis and myth making.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lund, Mary Ann

    2015-12-01

    The body of a mediaeval monarch was always under scrutiny, and Richard III's was no exception. In death, however, his body became subject to new forms of examination and interpretation: stripped naked after the battle of Bosworth, his corpse was carried to Leicester and exhibited before being buried. In 2012, it was rediscovered. The revelation that Richard suffered from scoliosis prompts this article to re-evaluate the historical sources about Richard's physique and his posthumous reputation. This article argues that Richard's death and his myth as 'crookback' are inextricably linked and traces attitudes to spinal curvature in the early modern period. It also considers how Shakespeare represented Richard as deformed, and aspects of performance history which suggest physical vulnerability. It then considers Richard's scoliosis from the perspective of medical history, reviewing classical accounts of scoliosis and arguing that Richard was probably treated with a mixture of axial traction and pressure. It demonstrates from the evidence of Richard's medical household that he was well placed to receive hands-on therapies and considers in particular the role of his physician and surgeon, William Hobbes. Finally, it shows how the case of Richard III demonstrates the close relationship between politics and medicine in the period and the contorted process of historical myth making.

  9. Cultural Circles and Epic Transmission: The Dai People in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qu Yongxian

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This essay discusses the dual influences of Buddhist culture and indigenous religion found in Dai communities in terms of “cultural circles” and demonstrates that all Dai traditional poetry—Buddhist and indigenous—employs a key technique that can be termed “waist-feet rhyme,” wherein the last syllable of one line rhymes with an internal syllable in the succeeding line. This feature is embedded in both the oral and written traditions and is an important enabling device within the poetry of the Dai people.

  10. Theodore William Richards and the Periodic Table

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conant, James B.

    1970-01-01

    Discusses the contribution of Theodore Richards to the accurate determination of atomic weights of copper and other elements; his major contribution was to the building of the definitive periodic table of the elements. (BR)

  11. CAS physicist receives Richard Geller Prize

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ Dr. SUN Liangting from the CAS Institute of Modern Physics has been awarded the Richard Geller Prize for his outstanding contributions to the development of Electron Cyclotron Resonance (ECR) ion sources, especially an all-permanent magnetic one.

  12. Theodore William Richards and the Periodic Table

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conant, James B.

    1970-01-01

    Discusses the contribution of Theodore Richards to the accurate determination of atomic weights of copper and other elements; his major contribution was to the building of the definitive periodic table of the elements. (BR)

  13. Eesti raamatu isa Richard Antik / Hannes Oja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oja, Hannes

    2002-01-01

    rets. rmt.: Raamatu valgusel: Richard Antik 100: [raamatukogutegelane ja bibliograaf : 1901-1998] : artikleid ja bibliograafia / Eesti Kirjandusmuuseum; [koostanud Merike Kiipus ja Piret Noorhani; toimetanud Tiina Saluvere]. Tartu, 2001. 259 lk.

  14. Richard Rogers+Architects巴黎展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ Richard Rogers+Architects巴黎展是法国巴黎蓬皮杜中心建成三十周年的纪念活动之一,当年,Richard Rogers与意大利建筑师Renzo Piano一起设计了这座被当时认为是最前卫的建筑,并引起很大的争议.

  15. Richard Eberhart: A Quest for Identity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. J. Karthikeyan

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available A short history of the life of Richard Eberhart becomes essential for us to understand the magnetic personality of a poet who believed in his younger generation. The secret of his continued popularity rests on his unique strong individuality, romantic mould, spasmodic vigour, his social commitment, simplicity of expression and a deep concern for mankind. The present study is a modest attempt in this direction and proposes to examine the predominant features of Richard Eberhart’s poetry.

  16. How to Develop Rubber Production in Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Huide; HUANG; Haolun; HUANG; Wanzhen; ZHANG

    2015-01-01

    The natural rubber planting area in Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture accounts for about 30% of rubber planting area in China. At the end of 2013,the rubber planting area in Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture was 29. 4 ha,the tapped rubber plantation area was 17. 49 ha,and the dry rubber production was 317000 t. Currently,the production and management level of rubber plantation has declined in Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture,the tapping technique is outdated,and the tapping technology management system is difficult to implement. Therefore,some ways can be employed to promote the development of rubber industry such as enhancing the operation and management level of rubber industry,organizing the rubber production team,and developing the new rubber farmers’ cooperatives.

  17. Quantum Man: Richard Feynman's Life in Science

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2011-01-01

    It took a man who was willing to break all the rules to tame a theory that breaks all the rules. This talk will be based on my new book Quantum Man: Richard Feynman's life in science. I will try and present a scientific overview of the contributions of Richard Feynman, as seen through the arc of his fascinating life. From Quantum Mechanics to Antiparticles, from Rio de Janeiro to Los Alamos, a whirlwind tour will provide insights into the character, life and accomplishments of one of the 20th centuries most important scientists, and provide an object lesson in scientific integrity.

  18. In conversation with: Professor Richard James

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Clarke

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available In 2011, Richard James wrote in the Foreword to Nelson, Clarke, Kift, and Creagh’s (2012 monograph on Australasian literature on the First Year Experience that:The trend towards universal participation will usher in dramatic changes in the character of the first year in higher education. … (p. iiiIn an interview at the University of Melbourne, Australia in July 2013 between Richard James and John Clarke, Co-editor of the International Journal of the First Year in Higher Education, these and related issues were explored.  The interview picks up where the Foreword left off:  focussing on universal participation.

  19. Above-ground biomass assessment of Mediterranean forests using airborne imaging spectrometry: the DAIS Peyne experiment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jong, de S.M.; Pebesma, E.; Lacaze, B.

    2003-01-01

    In July of 1997, various experimental flights were carried out with the Digital Airborne Imaging Spectrometer (DAIS7915). DAIS7915, or DAIS for short, is a European airborne imaging spectrometer and is maintained and operated by the German Aerospace Centre (DLR) at Oberpfaffenhofen. One of the 1997

  20. Qualitative mathematical analysis of the Richards equation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gilding, B.H.

    1991-01-01

    The Richards equation is widely used as a model for the flow of water in unsaturated soils. For modelling one-dimensional flow in a homogeneous soil, this equation can be cast in the form of a specific nonlinear partial differential equation with a time derivative and one spatial derivative. This

  1. Richard A. Werners forskning i pengeskabelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2016-01-01

    Hvilken rolle spiller penge i samfundsøkonomien og hvilken rolle burde penge spille i den økonomiske videnskab? Det forsker Richard Werner i. Han er professor i økonomi ved Southampton University i England, og her præsenteres fire dele af hans forskning i penge: (1) Hvad foregår der egentlig i en...

  2. Richard Meieri menuülevaade Pariisis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    Richard Meieri ülevaatenäitus Pariisi Musee du Jeu de Paume'is. Kolme ossa jagatud väljapanek tutvustab Meierit korporatiivse arhitektuuri, eramajade ning Los Angelese Getty Centre'i autorina. Eksponeeritud 24 maketti, fotod, joonised ja loodusvisandid.

  3. Perspective: The Troubling Paradoxes of Richard Nixon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernstein, Richard B.

    1994-01-01

    Maintains that, if Richard Nixon is to be considered as a significant historical figure, his personality and complexity must be studied. Asserts that Nixon viewed the world as an unremitting struggle and unceasing competition in which an individual could only succeed by his own efforts. (CFR)

  4. Potshemu medved rõtshit / Richard Pipes

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pipes, Richard

    2006-01-01

    Harvardi ülikooli ajalooprofessor Richard Pipes arutleb, miks Venemaa viimase aja käitumises väljendub soovimatus koostööks, sageli ka vaenulikkus. Venemaa võimetus rahvusvahelises kontekstis oma kohta leida, selle ajaloolised juured

  5. Richard Goldschmidt: hopeful monsters and other 'heresies'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dietrich, Michael R

    2003-01-01

    Richard Goldschmidt is remembered today as one of the most controversial biologists of the twentieth century. Although his work on sex determination and physiological genetics earned him accolades from his peers, his rejection of the classical gene and his unpopular theories about evolution significantly damaged his scientific reputation. This article reviews Goldschmidt's life and work, with an emphasis on his controversial views.

  6. Richard W. Ziolkowski Receives Honorary Doctorate

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Breinbjerg, Olav

    2012-01-01

    At the annual Commemoration of the Technical University of Denmark (DTU) on April 27, 2012, Prof. Richard W. Ziolkowski, University of Arizona (UoA), received DTU's highest academic degree, the Honorary Doctor degree: Doctor Technices Honoris Causa (Figure 1). Prof. Ziolkowski has been a close...

  7. Selected works of Richard P. Stanley

    CERN Document Server

    Stanley, Richard P; Lam, Thomas; Reiner, Victor; Reiner, Victor

    2017-01-01

    Richard Stanley's work in combinatorics revolutionized and reshaped the subject. Many of his hallmark ideas and techniques imported from other areas of mathematics have become mainstays in the framework of modern combinatorics. In addition to collecting several of Stanley's most influential papers, this volume also includes his own short reminiscences on his early years, and on his celebrated proof of The Upper Bound Theorem.

  8. Potshemu medved rõtshit / Richard Pipes

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pipes, Richard

    2006-01-01

    Harvardi ülikooli ajalooprofessor Richard Pipes arutleb, miks Venemaa viimase aja käitumises väljendub soovimatus koostööks, sageli ka vaenulikkus. Venemaa võimetus rahvusvahelises kontekstis oma kohta leida, selle ajaloolised juured

  9. Obituary: Richard Joseph Elston, 1960-2004

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jannuzi, Buell Tomasson; Bechtold, Jill

    2004-12-01

    Richard Joseph Elston, known for his development of innovative astronomical instrumentation, died on 26 January 2004 in Gainesville, Florida, after a four-year battle with Hodgkin's lymphoma. A professor of astronomy at the University of Florida, Richard had an unusually broad range of interests and skills, and a willingness to share his passion for astronomy with others, which made him a highly valued member of the astronomical community. Born 1 July 1960, in Albuquerque, New Mexico, Richard was the son of a geologist father and journalist mother. His childhood interest in astronomy and instrumentation matured as he majored in physics and astronomy at the University of New Mexico (BS, 1983) under the mentorship of Michael Zeilik. Richard pursued his PhD in astronomy at the University of Arizona and earned his degree in 1988. He pioneered the use of IR arrays for deep imaging surveys of the sky to study galaxy formation, and completed his thesis Search for Rapidly Forming Galaxies at High Redshift under the direction of George Rieke. Richard's graduate work included the first detection of galaxies at intermediate redshifts with evolved populations too red to have been identifiable from optical imaging surveys alone. In the Astrophysical Journal Letters in 1988, he, George Rieke, and Marcia Rieke reported the discovery of this new class of galaxies, now known as EROs (Extremely Red Objects), important as the possible progenitors of present day elliptical galaxies. Following post-doctoral positions at Kitt Peak National Observatory from 1988 to 1991 and at the Observatories of the Carnegie Institution of Washington from 1991 to 1992, Richard joined the scientific staff of Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory in Chile, part of the NSF's National Optical Astronomy Observatory. By 1994, he had become head of CTIO's IR instrumentation program and was leading the development of new instruments for the US astronomical community. In 1996, Richard married astronomer

  10. L’ESPACE MULTIPLIE CHEZ SARTRE : HUIS-CLOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Corina-Amelia GEORGESCU

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Du point de vue historique, le XXe siècle est le siècle le plus bouleversé de l’histoire connue de l’humanité, se caractérisant par plusieurs événements majeurs. C’est dans ce contexte que Jean-Paul Sartre se fraie un chemin dans la vie littéraire française en y apportant un souffle nouveau. Notre travail se propose d’analyser la pièce Huis clos dans le but de démontrer que lorque l’on parle de l’espace de l’emprisonnement, on doit prendre en considération qu’il ne s’agit pas d’un seul type d’espace et que celui-ci se multiplie justement pour rendre l’impossibilité d’y échapper.

  11. La langue scientifique arabe hier et aujourd'hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Layal Merhy

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Cet article propose un exposé concis des statuts de la langue scientifique arabe entre hier et aujourd'hui. Après avoir rapidement décrit le rôle des médias dans l'évolution de la langue, l'étude cherche à observer - dans le cadre de la diffusion sociale du savoir - le développement de la communication scientifique dans le Monde Arabe. Aussitôt, cette tentative d'analyse tâche de repérer les contraintes qui freinent l'évolution scientifique et linguistique dans les pays arabes et d'ouvrir la voie à des perspectives d'amélioration futures.

  12. Richard Florida : loovsektor on majanduskasvu mootor / Richard Florida ; interv. Argo Ideon

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Florida, Richard

    2008-01-01

    USA majandus- ja ühiskonnateadlane Richard Florida loovklassi teooriast, selle osast majanduskasvu tagamisel, seosest ühiskonna tolerantsuse ja ühiskonna majandusliku edukuse vahel, sotsiaalse sidususe takistavast rollist loovuse motiveerimisel

  13. Richard Florida : loovsektor on majanduskasvu mootor / Richard Florida ; interv. Argo Ideon

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Florida, Richard

    2008-01-01

    USA majandus- ja ühiskonnateadlane Richard Florida loovklassi teooriast, selle osast majanduskasvu tagamisel, seosest ühiskonna tolerantsuse ja ühiskonna majandusliku edukuse vahel, sotsiaalse sidususe takistavast rollist loovuse motiveerimisel

  14. Shanghai Xian Dai Architectural Design(Group) Co.,Ltd.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Shanghai Xian Dai Architectural Design (Group) Co.,Ltd., is an enterprise that focuses on architectural design. It was formed in March, 1998 by South China Architectural Design Institute and Shanghai Architectural Design Institute, which have a nearly 50-year history and numerous outstanding achievements.

  15. Digital Avionics Information System (DAIS): Training Requirements Analysis Model (TRAMOD).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Czuchry, Andrew J.; And Others

    The training requirements analysis model (TRAMOD) described in this report represents an important portion of the larger effort called the Digital Avionics Information System (DAIS) Life Cycle Cost (LCC) Study. TRAMOD is the second of three models that comprise an LCC impact modeling system for use in the early stages of system development. As…

  16. Digital Avionics Information System (DAIS): Impact of DAIS Concept on Life Cycle Cost--Supplement. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goclowski, John C.; And Others

    This supplement to a technical report providing the results of a preliminary investigation of the potential impact of the Digital Avionics Information System (DAIS) concept on system support personnel requirements and life cycle cost (LCC) includes: (1) additional details of the cost comparison of a hypothetical application of a conceptual…

  17. Method of lines solution of Richards` equation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kelley, C.T.; Miller, C.T.; Tocci, M.D.

    1996-12-31

    We consider the method of lines solution of Richard`s equation, which models flow through porous media, as an example of a situation in which the method can give incorrect results because of premature termination of the nonlinear corrector iteration. This premature termination arises when the solution has a sharp moving front and the Jacobian is ill-conditioned. While this problem can be solved by tightening the tolerances provided to the ODE or DAE solver used for the temporal integration, it is more efficient to modify the termination criteria of the nonlinear solver and/or recompute the Jacobian more frequently. In this paper we continue previous work on this topic by analyzing the modifications in more detail and giving a strategy on how the modifications can be turned on and off in response to changes in the character of the solution.

  18. Richard Wollheim 1923-2003 / Marek Volt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Volt, Marek

    2004-01-01

    Järelehüüe anglo-ameerika filosoofile Richard Wollheimile (5. V 1923-4. XI 2003), kes huvitus maalist ja psühhoanalüüsist ning kuulub XX sajandi analüütilist kunstifilosoofiat enim kujundanud filosoofide hulka. Tema peamised tööd: "Art and Its Objects" (1968), "Painting As an Art" (1987), "On Painting and the Self" (1992). Ilmunud ka raamatus: Volt, Marek. Esteetikast. Tallinn : Sirp, 2006

  19. Selected papers of Richard Feynman with commentary

    CERN Document Server

    2000-01-01

    These scientific papers of Richard Feynman are renowned for their brilliant content and the author's striking original style. They are grouped by topic: path integral approach to the foundations of quantum mechanics and quantum field theory, renormalized quantum electrodynamics, theory of superfluid liquid helium, theory of the Fermi interaction, polarons, gravitation, partons, computer theory, etc. Comments on Feynman's topics are provided by the editor, together with biographical notes and a complete bibliography of Feynman's publications.

  20. Comparative Study on Richard Ⅲ and Macbeth

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯丽霞; 闫继苗; 徐婷婷

    2013-01-01

    Shakespeare is one of the most prominent drama writers all over the world. His masterpiece displays vivid, delicate and profound humanity. Richard Ⅲ and Macbeth as the main heroes in his two tragedies of the same theme, share quite a lot of simi⁃larities and differences, yet resulting in sharply different readers’response to their fates. The comparative study on these two char⁃acters is aimed at helping readers better understand the two tragedies.

  1. Richard Feynman a life in science

    CERN Document Server

    Gribbin, John

    1998-01-01

    This text is a portrayal of one of the greatest scientists of the late 20th-century, which also provides a picture of the significant physics of the period. It combines personal anecdotes, writings and recollections with narrative. Richard Feynman's career included: war-time work on the atomic bomb at Los Alamos; a theory of quantum mechanics for which he won the Nobel prize; and major contributions to the sciences of gravity, nuclear physics and particle theory. In 1986, he was able to show that the Challenger disaster was due to the effect of cold on the booster rocket rubber sealings.

  2. Richard Hamilton: the Very Great Semiographer

    OpenAIRE

    Paul, Frédéric

    2012-01-01

    For fifty years and more, Richard Hamilton has been an enthralling artist. He was not only a Pop Art pioneer, but also one of its earliest theoreticians… before the United States pilfered the idea and turned it into a lucrative trademark—their industrial model inspiring the movement, but the formulae of Cubism and Surrealism, with the re-use of found objects by collage and assemblage, also playing their part. Hamilton is little known outside the United Kingdom, and has been signally overlooke...

  3. Richard P. Feynman 1918-1988

    OpenAIRE

    Reiff, Patricia H.; Feynman, Joan; Gold, Thomas; Wasserburg, G. J.; Sheeley, Neil R., Jr.; Akasofu, S.-I.

    1988-01-01

    Richard Feynman, simply put, was a genius. His quick wit and uncommon grasp of physics meant that any research area he encountered, he quickly mastered. Despite the fact that his own area of research was not geophysics, his life and work influenced almost all of us. Virtually every physics graduate student who started in the mid 60s or later was exposed to his Lectures on Physics, either by having them as a text for a course or by using them (as I did) to bone up for oral qualifying exams...

  4. Illustrated & Dissected: Professor Richard Sawdon Smith.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-01

    This Alternative Gallery feature introduces the photographic artist Professor Richard Sawdon Smith. Professor Sawdon Smith's work stems around a fascination with representations of anatomy that have been fuelled by his experience as a hospital patient. The work has allowed him to explore ideas through the use of medical illustrations which include early anatomical drawings, personal medical photography and facial modelling. The work highlights how such imagery can be used in the context of a patient seeking understanding and acceptance of ill health and disease using the body as a canvas on which to translate the experience.

  5. Richard Feynman Quarks, Bombs, and Bongos

    CERN Document Server

    Henderson, Harry

    2010-01-01

    Described by his peers as the "finest physicist of his generation," Richard Feynman defied scientist stereotypes. This brash New York-born American physicist startled the more conservative giants of European physics with his endless ability to improvise. Indeed, later in life, Feynman became an accomplished bongo player. Feynman's legacy to physics was his ability to simplify complex equations and clarify fundamental principles through the use of graphs. He developed the theory of quantum electrodynamics, which illustrates the behavior of electrically charged particles, such as elect

  6. Richard Michael Suzman (1942-2015).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kahneman, Daniel

    2016-01-01

    Presents an obituary for Richard Michael Suzman, who died on April 16, 2015. Suzman was trained as a sociologist and anthropologist, but he was attracted to the approaches of demography and economics. He came to know a great deal about diverse fields of science, including health, physiology, psychology, genetics, and economics. He was a scientific leader who was on a quest to develop new transdisciplinary fields and to mobilize the best scientists to work in them. Suzman's passion for transdisciplinary science was fully expressed in his greatest achievement: the famous Health and Retirement Survey (HRS), which he initiated in 1988 and continued to guide and inspire. (PsycINFO Database Record

  7. Richard Lee Gorsuch (1937-2016).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spilka, Bernard

    2016-09-01

    This article memorializes Richard L. Gorsuch, who passed away at age 78 on February 14, 2016. His interests and work ranged from multivariate analysis to the psychology of religion. Gorsuch penned one of the most readable volumes on the topic of measurement and factor analysis. He also developed multivariate factor programs under the title UniMult. Professionally, he was recognized as an outstanding scholar, being a fellow of both the American Psychological Association and the Society for the Scientific Study of Religion. He penned 20 to 30 volumes and over 130 professional articles. He was coauthor of The Psychology of Religion: An Empirical Approach (1985), the foremost text in the area.

  8. Richard Rorty: el liberalismo con rostro humano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iñaki Oneca Agurruza

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Richard Rorty es uno de los filósofos más importantes de nuestro mundo actual. Su pensamiento, dentro del movimiento conocido como pragmatismo, ha tenido una gran influencia en las universidades norteamericanas. Este artículo trata sobre su principal obra, Filosofía y futuro, en la que los conceptos centrales de la filosofía (realidad, verdad, justicia… son puestos en contexto, buscando su verdadera utilidad y asumiendo los conflictos que generan.

  9. Richard von Volkmann: surgeon and Renaissance man.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willy, Christian; Schneider, Peter; Engelhardt, Michael; Hargens, Alan R; Mubarak, Scott J

    2008-02-01

    Richard von Volkmann (1830-1889), one of the most important surgeons of the 19(th) century, is regarded as one of the fathers of orthopaedic surgery. He was a contemporary of Langenbeck, Esmarch, Lister, Billroth, Kocher, and Trendelenburg. He was head of the Department of Surgery at the University of Halle, Germany (1867-1889). His popularity attracted doctors and patients from all over the world. He was the lead physician for the German military during two wars. From this experience, he compared the mortality of civilian and war injuries and investigated the general poor hygienic conditions in civilian hospitals. This led him to introduce the "antiseptic technique" to Germany that was developed by Lister. His powers of observation and creativity led him to findings and achievements that to this day bear his name: Volkmann's contracture and the Hueter-Volkmann law. Additionally, he was a gifted writer; he published not only scientific literature but also books of children's fairy tales and poems under the pen name of Richard Leander, assuring him a permanent place in the world of literature as well as orthopaedics.

  10. Dai-Freed theorem and topological phases of matter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yonekura, Kazuya

    2016-09-01

    We describe a physics derivation of theorems due to Dai and Freed about the Atiyah-Patodi-Singer eta-invariant which is important for anomalies and topological phases of matter. This is done by studying a massive fermion. The key role is played by the wave function of the ground state in the Hilbert space of the fermion in the large mass limit. The ground state takes values in the determinant line bundle and has nontrivial Berry phases which characterize the low energy topological phases.

  11. Dai-Freed theorem and topological phases of matter

    CERN Document Server

    Yonekura, Kazuya

    2016-01-01

    We describe a physics derivation of theorems due to Dai and Freed about the Atiyah-Patodi-Singer eta-invariant which is important for anomalies and topological phases of matter. This is done by studying a massive fermion. The key role is played by the wave function of the ground state in the Hilbert space of the fermion in the large mass limit. The ground state takes values in the determinant line bundle and has nontrivial Berry phases which characterize the low energy topological phases.

  12. El vocabulario sechurano de Richard Spruce

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthias Urban

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper makes accesible a new transcription of Richard Spruce’s vocabulary of the Sechura language. Collected in the mid-19th century by the British botanist, it constitutes one of only two sources of data for this language of northernmost Peru. A comparison of the original with previously published versions shows serious errors in transcription, in particular in those of Otto von Buchwald and Jacinto Jijón y Camaaño. The article also discusses the probable circumstances of data collection and the publication history of the hitherto known version, and concludes with some first observations on the significance of Spruce’s wordlist for elucidating the linguistic history of the region, in particular with regard to the question of the linguistic situation at Olmos.

  13. Conoscenza e etica in Richard Rorty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilia Romano

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The era in which we live, characterized by multiculturalism and complexity, it is a time when it is clear the difficulty of man to orient and to choose their own way. It’s the time of the fall of every certainty, is the era of “post”, after the tradition, after metaphysics, after the truth, and that requires more effort than any other constant reflection. The neopragmatismo seems to be an effective investigative tool for conducting this reflection and a vantage point to carry on a conversation around the issues of education. In particular, the author intended to refer to the work of Richard Rorty, the author who more than others reflected on the encounter between two important pragmatist tradition: that of classical pragmatism and the “continental” or responsible for the development of a new European concept of truth, understood as a critical and interpretative.

  14. Evaluation from Richard Rorty's Point of View

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morteza Nouri

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Communitarianism is one of the main critics of moral-political theory of liberalism. According to communitarians, liberalism presupposes an image of human identity which does not do justice to the collective ties between human being. It ignores altruist duties and common loyalties to traditional, historical values by inappropriately insisting on priority of justice from an individualist point of view, culminating in advent of ignoble, egoist characters unfamiliar with collective values. In this essay, firstly, I would elaborate these critiques and then try to answer them from Richard Rorty's point of view. Though Rorty agrees with the communitarians' claim that community makes a constitutive contribution to the identity of individuals, he believes that the pragmatist pole of contemporary liberalism is not subject to the communitarian objections. He tries to show that 20th century political liberalism, best formulated by John Dewy and John Rawls, is immune to communitarian critiques because of its consistency with historicism and ethnocentrism.

  15. Richard p. Feynman 1918”1988

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reiff, Patricia H.; Feynman, Joan; Gold, Thomas; Wasserburg, G. J.; Sheeley, Neil R., Jr.; Akasofu, S.-I.

    Richard Feynman, simply put, was a genius. His quick wit and uncommon grasp of physics meant that any research area he encountered, he quickly mastered. Despite the fact that his own area of research was not geophysics, his life and work influenced almost all of us.Virtually every physics graduate student who started in the mid 60s or later was exposed to his Lectures on Physics, either by having t h em as a text for a course or by using them (as I did) to bone up for oral qualifying exams. Feynman diagrams appear in nearly every modern quantum mechanics textbook and are featured in his official Caltech portrait, which illustrates this article.

  16. CHERISHING MEMORY OF INTERNATIONALIST FIGHTER DR. RICHARD FREY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>Doctor Richard Frey, original name being Richard Stein, was born in Vienna on February 11, 1920. During his school days, he already took part in some activities organized by the Austrian Communist Party and got initial knowledge about Marxism. He loved science and attended medical

  17. Richard Avedon ja Annie Leibovitz laulsid kaanonit / Marika Alver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alver, Marika

    2008-01-01

    Richard Avedoni (1923-2004) retrospektiivnäitusest (fotod aastatest 1946-2004) kuraator Helle Crenzien (Lousiana Kaasaegse Kunsti muuseum Taanis), millega kaasnes ka Helen Whitney film "Richard Avedon : darkness and light" ja Annie Leibovitzi (1949) suurprojektist "A photographer's life 1990-2005" Pariisis

  18. Richard Avedon ja Annie Leibovitz laulsid kaanonit / Marika Alver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alver, Marika

    2008-01-01

    Richard Avedoni (1923-2004) retrospektiivnäitusest (fotod aastatest 1946-2004) kuraator Helle Crenzien (Lousiana Kaasaegse Kunsti muuseum Taanis), millega kaasnes ka Helen Whitney film "Richard Avedon : darkness and light" ja Annie Leibovitzi (1949) suurprojektist "A photographer's life 1990-2005" Pariisis

  19. Obituary: Richard D. Schwartz (1941-2011)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilking, Bruce

    2011-12-01

    Richard D. Schwartz, Professor Emeritus of Astronomy, died at his home in Sequim, WA, after a nearly 3 year battle against pancreatic cancer. Richard was born in Pretty Prairie, Kansas. He was active in sports and band and graduated in 1959. After completing a BS at Kansas State, and a Master's degree in Divinity at Union Seminary in NY, he further studied astrophysics, receiving his doctorate from University of Washington in 1973. When Dick arrived at the University of Missouri-St. Louis in 1975, he was the only astronomer in the Department of Physics. He built the astronomy program and initiated the B.S. in physics with an astrophysics option that the majority of physics majors choose. Dick was a wonderful teacher and provided outstanding leadership to the campus. He designed and provided oversight on the construction of the campus observatory that was completed in 1981. Since that time the observatory has served as both a teaching and research facility. It is also used for monthly public open houses that draw hundreds of people annually to the campus to view the moon, stars, and planets. Upon his retirement in 2003, the Board of Curators approved naming the campus observatory the "Richard D. Schwartz Observatory" in honor of his distinctive service to the University of Missouri-St. Louis. Just as important as Dick's service to promote public interest in astronomy was his effort to make the campus observatory a research facility. Dick equipped and maintained the observatory with state-of-art detectors that allowed students to get their first taste of scientific research. From 1991-2003, he managed the campus program for the NASA/Missouri Space Grant Consortium and mentored over 30 research students in projects at the observatory. Some of the results have been published in astronomical journals. Many of those students went on to graduate schools and several have achieved tenure and distinction at major universities. In addition to Dick's service to the University

  20. Proof and Pedagogy in Ancient China: Examples from Liu Hui's Commentary on "JIU ZHANG SUAN SHU".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siu, Man-Keung

    1993-01-01

    Illustrates the pedagogical implications embodied in Liu Hui's discussion on the ancient Chinese mathematical classic "JIU ZHANG SUAN SHU" (Nine Chapters on the Mathematical Art) with respect to aspects of proof and, more generally, the role of proof in mathematics. Provides examples involving area and volume. (Contains 25 references.) (MDH)

  1. When Liu Hui Meets Archimedes: Students' Epistemological and Cultural Interpretations of Mathematics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Po-Hung

    2014-01-01

    The present study aimed to investigate in what way and to what extent Taiwanese college students' epistemological views of mathematics had evolved during a history-based liberal arts mathematics course titled: "When Liu Hui Meets Archimedes--Development of Eastern and Western Mathematics." The course was designed to help college students…

  2. Take Pictures of the Motherland : Zhao Hui and His Photo Collection "China Story"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TangJinghua; ZhaoHui

    2003-01-01

    A story can be narrated in different ways. As to the story about China, Zhao Hui's version is unique. This is a story presented by camera lens, a story that unfolds a cultural China with vitality and grandeur. One can be all but overwhelmed by its new means of presentation, its new concept of photographing,

  3. GENETIC POLYMORPHISM OF SIX Y CHROMOSOMAL STR IN CHINESE HUI ETHNIC GROUP

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhu Bofeng; Lü Guiping; Yao Guifa; Zhu Jun; Dong Hongwang; Sun Qingdong; Huang Lei; Liu Yao

    2005-01-01

    Objective To study genetic polymorphism of 6 Y chromosomal STR in Hui ethnic group living in Ningxia Hui ethnic autonomous region, in order to evaluate their usefulness in forensic science and enrich the Chinese genetic information resources. Methods We investigated 101 unrelated, healthy, male individuals of Hui ethnic group and studied their allelic frequency distribution and haplotype diversity of 6 Y chromosomal STR. Primer for each loci was labeled with the fluorescent by FAM (blue) or TAMRA(yellow). The data of Hui ethnic group were generated co-amplification, GeneScan, genotype, and genetic distribution analysis. Results 31 alleles and 43 phenotype(DYS385) were detected, with the frequencies ranging from 0.0099-0.7129. Out of a total of 101 individuals, 96 showed different haplotypes; 91 were unique; 5 were found 2 times. The haplotype diversity for 6 Y-STR loci was 0.9990. Conclusion The date obtained can be valuable for individual identification, paternity testing in forensic fields and for population genetics because of 6 Y-STR loci high polymorphism.

  4. Richard Murphy: Autobiography and the Connemara landscape

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elsa Meihuizen

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available It could be argued that an important feature of Richard Murphy’s work, and of his identity as a poet is the relationship between the creative self and a particular place, where ‘place’ should be understood as referring not just to physical qualities of the natural environment, but in a broader sense to denote an environment in which everything is interrelated and connected, and in which there is no sharp division between the natural and the human. The landscape providing inspiration for Murphy’s poetic imagination is the landscapes and seascapes of Connemara in north-west Ireland. In 1959 he settled in this environment which was to be his base for the next 20 years and from this period and this location emanated the bulk of his poetic oeuvre. For Murphy committing to a life of writing poetry necessarily means being in the Connemara landscape. Returning to this environment in adulthood represents a quest for recovering childhood feelings, of belonging and love, as connected to particular places. Murphy’s Connemara poems could be read as an account of this process of re-placement, as a type of autobiographical text in which the artist creates a ‘double portrait’: in writing about the landscape he also writes about himself, creating a place-portrait which is, at the same time, a self-portrait.

  5. Richard Murphy: a life in writing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Meihuizen

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available The Irish poet Richard Murphy published his autobiography “The kick: a life among writers” in 2003. From a slightly different perspective the subtitle of this work could be rewritten as “A life in writing” since it is an account of the agencies that moulded a life devoted to creative writing which forms the book’s essential impetus. The memoir is based on notebooks which Murphy kept throughout his life “to hold the scraps of verse, elusive images, dreams, desires and revelations” to be developed into poetry. Apart from contextualising his poetry by registering the relationships, circumstances and landscapes from which it germinated, Murphy also tells of the creative process itself and the personal poetics underlying this process. This article explores what is regarded as the central determining feature of Murphy’s identity as poet, namely the relationship between the creative self and a particular place, where the concept of “place” is seen as a cultural palimpsest which represents not only physical qualities, but also the shaping and development of the landscape through time according to a certain way of life.

  6. RICHARD MILLE北京旗舰店开幕

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    6月16日,Richard Mille旗舰店在北京开幕。这家旗舰店位于北京王府井金宝街励骏酒店1楼。店内的空间与装饰大部分灵感都来源与Richard Mille手表的设计,所有原材料都从巴黎进口。耀莱集团有限公司——Richard Mille的中国独家代理商为此共投入4500万港币。

  7. An investigation of the mathematical elements of the Dai culture south - west Yunnan province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhou Chang - jun

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available La cultura matemática de la etnia Dai es una parte impor tante de la cultura Dai. Los elementos matemáticos están presentes en su vida diaria. A través de un proyecto de investigación en la Etn i a Dai de Yunnan al suroccidente de China, se recolectó información de primera mano, que puede ser usada como recursos para la enseñanza y el aprendizaje de las matemáticas por estudiantes de primaria y secundaria en esta población minoritaria.

  8. Kuues väljasuremine / Richard Leakey, Roger Lewin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leakey, Richard

    2002-01-01

    Inimtegevuse hävitavast toimest looduslikule mitmekesisusele, mis tingib loodusliku energiatootmise järsu kahanemise, millest omakorda sõltub inimese enda ellujäämine. Lühidalt Richard Leakey'st

  9. In memoriam: Richard G. Harrison - his life and legacy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howard, Daniel J; Grosberg, Richard K; Noor, Mohamed A F; Normark, Benjamin B; Rand, David M; Shaw, Kerry L; Willett, Christopher S

    2016-06-01

    Richard G. Harrison passed away unexpectedly on April 12th, 2016. In this memoriam we pay tribute to the life and legacy of an extraordinary scientist, mentor, friend, husband, and father. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  10. Kuues väljasuremine / Richard Leakey, Roger Lewin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leakey, Richard

    2002-01-01

    Inimtegevuse hävitavast toimest looduslikule mitmekesisusele, mis tingib loodusliku energiatootmise järsu kahanemise, millest omakorda sõltub inimese enda ellujäämine. Lühidalt Richard Leakey'st

  11. The Making of a Genius: Richard P. Feynman

    OpenAIRE

    Forstner, Christian

    2012-01-01

    In 1965 the Nobel Foundation honored Sin-Itiro Tomonaga, Julian Schwinger, and Richard Feynman for their fundamental work in quantum electrodynamics and the consequences for the physics of elementary particles. In contrast to both of his colleagues only Richard Feynman appeared as a genius before the public. In his autobiographies he managed to connect his behavior, which contradicted several social and scientific norms, with the American myth of the "practical man". This connection led to th...

  12. Introduction to Professor ZHENG Hui-tian's Clinical Experience in Treating Urethral Syndrome

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YUAN Ling-song; YUAN Shun-xing; HAUNG Guo-qi

    2003-01-01

    @@ Prof. ZHENG Hui-tian organized the project of "Acupuncture Treatment of Urethral Syndrome by the Method to Reinforce the Kidney and Warm Yang", which won the second prize for scientific achievements awarded by State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine and the second prize for the scientific achievements awarded by Shanghai Municipal Science Commission in 1996 and was introduced to the whole nation as a scientific achievement of traditional Chinese medicine in 1997.

  13. Obituary: Richard B. Dunn, 1927-2005

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keil, Stephen L.; Dooling, David

    2007-12-01

    Dr. Richard B. Dunn, astronomer emeritus at the National Solar Observatory, died of a heart attack on September 29, 2005. He was recognized as one of the foremost experimental solar physicists. His innovative designs for telescopes and instruments led to many important discoveries in solar physics. Born in Baltimore, Maryland, in 1927 and raised in Minneapolis, Minnesota, Dick's parents were Dr. Halbert L. Dunn and Katherine Brandner. Halbert (MD, Ph.D., F.A.P.H.A.) was an physician who became Chief of the National Office of Vital Statistics, Public Health Service. He published a paper "High Level Wellness for Man and Society" that became the founding paper of the field of wellness health care. After their divorce in 1942, Katherine moved to New York and became a social worker. Dick had two older brothers who died before him, Halbert (born in 1921, who became a civil engineer) and Robert (born in 1924, who became an architect). Dick earned a BS in mechanical engineering and an MS in astronomy at the University of Minnesota. At the end of World War II he served in the United States Army in Japan. For his master's degree, Dick undertook the design and construction of a Lyot-type birefringent filter for observations of solar prominences. This early work led to his acceptance at Harvard, where Professor Donald Menzel encouraged him to continue his work with the 15-inch Cambridge telescope. In 1951 he conducted part of his doctoral thesis work at the fledgling Sacramento Peak Observatory in southern New Mexico. The observatory director, Dr. John Evans, was impressed with Dick's outstanding instrumental talents and invited him to join as one of the first scientific staff members. During his first few years at Sac Peak, Dick developed two more birefringent filter systems including one with an integrated coronagraph. With this system, he produced the best prominence and spicule observations ever obtained. Dick's career was dedicated to obtaining solar observations of the

  14. Association of Apo-E gene polymorphism with biochemical and lipid metabolism parameters in patients with diabetic nephropathy of Hui and Han populations in Gansu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭茜

    2006-01-01

    Objective To study the association of apolipoprotein (Apo) E gene polymorphism with difference in biochemical metabolism of diabetic nephropathy of Hui and Han populations. Methods ApoE genotype was determined by PCR-RFLP in diabetic patients with or without diabetic nephropathy (DN) and normal peoples in Hui and Han peoples, the related biochemical parameters were simultaneously detected. Results (1) Huis had 3 genotypes, i. e. E2/E3, E3/E3 and E3/E4, and their fre-

  15. Polymorphism of HIV-1 Resistance Genes in Dai and Jingpo Minorities of Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ya QIU; Lin PENG; Hao HUANG; Fu-sheng WANG

    2004-01-01

    Objective To investigate the mutant frequency and polymorphism of HIV-1 resistance CCR5-△32, CCR2-64I, SDF1-3'A alleles in Jingpo and Dai nationalities of Yunnan Methods The study population included 101 Dai and 113 Jingpo ethnical subjects.The genotypes were respectively detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) or by PCR/RFLP (restriction fragment length polymorphism) assay. Mutant frequencies were calculated and allelic polymorphism of the three genes in population was analyzed by U test.Results We didn't find CCR5-△32 mutant in either Dai or Jingpo nationality. In Dai minority, the allele frequency of CCR2-641 was 21.00% and that of SDF1-3'A was 20.30%. In Jingpo minority, the allele frequency of CCR2-64I was 16.37% and that of SDF1-3 'A was 17. 70%.Conclusion Dai and Jingpo nationality of Yunnan might have a high genetic susceptibility to HIV-1 (including R5 and X4 HIV strains) since we didn't find CCR5- △32 and the frequency of SDF1-3'A was much lower than that of Han nationality as was reported in other research papers.

  16. An Exchange between Laurie Grobman and Richard C. Raymond

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teaching English in the Two-Year College, 2010

    2010-01-01

    This article presents a commentary exchange between authors Laurie Grobman and Richard C. Raymond regarding Raymond's article "Re-placing Lit in Comp II: Pragmatic/Humanistic Benefits." Grobman said that in her brief commentary on Raymond's article, she chooses not to explicitly address his thesis that literature belongs in a research-based…

  17. 77 FR 75507 - The Richard C. Holbrooke Award for Diplomacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-21

    ... Award for Diplomacy Memorandum for the Secretary of State To honor the legacy of one of America's greatest diplomats and to reaffirm our commitment to diplomacy, I hereby direct you to establish the Richard C. Holbrooke Award for Diplomacy, to be awarded annually. You are authorized to take all...

  18. A modified soil water based Richards equation for layered soils

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalinka, F.; Ahrens, B.

    2010-09-01

    Most Soil-Vegetation-Atmosphere-Transfer (SVAT) models like TERRA-ML (implemented e.g. in the CCLM model (www.clm-community.eu)) use the soil moisture based Richards equation to simulate vertical water fluxes in soils, assuming a homogeneous soil type. Recently, high-resolution soil type datasets (e.g. BüK 1000, only for Germany (Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources, BGR, www.bgr.bund.de) or Harmonized World Soil Database (HWSD, version 1.1, FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, March 2009)) have been developed. Deficiencies in the numerical solution of the soil moisture based Richards equation may occur if inhomogeneous soil type data is implemented, because there are possibly discontinuities in soil moisture due to various soil type characteristics. One way to fix this problem is to use the potential based Richards equation, but this may lead to problems in conservation of mass. This presentation will suggest a possible numerical solution of the soil moisture based Richards equation for inhomogeneous soils. The basic idea is to subtract the equilibrium state of it from soil moisture fluxes. This should reduce discontinuities because each soil layer aspires the equilibrium state and therefore differences might be of the same order. First sensitivity studies have been done for the Main river basin, Germany.

  19. Richard Nixon's "Pragmatic" Space Race: Metaphorically Crafting a National Identity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krug, Linda T.

    President Richard Nixon decided in 1970 to commission the construction of a fleet of reusable space shuttles. Nixon's rhetoric on the space shuttle program (examined here in the light of Kenneth Burke's theory of symbolic action) shows how a philosophy of pragmatism was crafted out of a philosophy of wonderment. That one cannot now remember…

  20. Richard Mazurchuk, PhD | Division of Cancer Prevention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dr. Richard Mazurchuk received a BS in Physics and MS and PhD in Biophysics from SUNY Buffalo. His research focused on developing novel multi-modality imaging techniques, contrast (enhancing) agents and methods to assess the efficacy of experimental therapeutics. |

  1. An Interview with Richard Lanham: Learning by Going Along.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Handa, Carolyn; Flesher, Gretchen

    1990-01-01

    Presents an interview with Richard Lanham, Professor of English at UCLA, about his wide-ranging career, which has included work in rhetoric and style, composition theory and the teaching of writing, the implications of electronic text, and copyright law in the entertainment business. (SR)

  2. Koht, kust tagasi ei tulda / Mark Jenkins ; fotod Cory Richards

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jenkins, Mark

    2015-01-01

    National Geographicu ekspeditsiooni, mille koosseisu kuulusid Renan Ozturk, Mark Jenkins, Cory Richards, Emily Harrington ja Kilaree O'Neill, püüdlustest tõusta Kagu-Aasia kõrgeima mäe Hkakabo Razi tippu ning mõõta selle täpset kõrgust GPS-i abil

  3. Koht, kust tagasi ei tulda / Mark Jenkins ; fotod Cory Richards

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jenkins, Mark

    2015-01-01

    National Geographicu ekspeditsiooni, mille koosseisu kuulusid Renan Ozturk, Mark Jenkins, Cory Richards, Emily Harrington ja Kilaree O'Neill, püüdlustest tõusta Kagu-Aasia kõrgeima mäe Hkakabo Razi tippu ning mõõta selle täpset kõrgust GPS-i abil

  4. Balance Between the Worlds: A Conversation with Dr. Richard Vedan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolyn B Kenny

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available In this article, Dr. Richard Vedan, a Secwepmec, lodge keeper, and medical social worker converses with Dr. Carolyn Kenny about critical elements of medical ethnomusicology as seen and experienced through an Indigenous context. Dilemmas of individualism versus collectivism and isolation versus connectivity underlie the entire conversation. Relevant themes in the traditional use of music in Indigenous healing are discussed.

  5. Identification of the remains of King Richard III

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T.E. King (Turi E.); G.G. Fortes (Gloria Gonzalez); P. Balaresque (Patricia); M.G. Thomas (Mark); D.J. Balding (David); P.M. Delser (Pierpaolo Maisano); R. Neumann (Rita); W. Parson (Walther); M. Knapp (Michael); S. Walsh (Susan); L. Tonasso (Laure); J. Holt (John); M.H. Kayser (Manfred); J. Appleby (Jo); P. Forster (Peter); D. Ekserdjian (David); M. Hofreiter (Michael); K. Schürer (Kevin)

    2014-01-01

    textabstractIn 2012, a skeleton was excavated at the presumed site of the Grey Friars friary in Leicester, the last-known resting place of King Richard III. Archaeological, osteological and radiocarbon dating data were consistent with these being his remains. Here we report DNA analyses of both the

  6. Les Totonaques aujourd’hui, entre crise du développement et nouvelles revendications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolas Ellison

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available La population de langue totonaque, qui compte aujourd’hui un peu plus de 400,000 locuteurs, se concentre principalement dans le nord-est de l’Etat de Puebla et le centre-nord de l’Etat de Veracruz. C’est la région du Totonacapan, le « pays totonaque ». La langue totonaque constitue avec le tepehua un groupe isolé, mais on sait que les Totonaques ont participé à la construction des fameuses pyramides de Teotihuacan (au nord de Mexico avant de s’installer sur le pourtour du Golfe du Mexique, ...

  7. s žanra leksiskie un semantiskie aspekti mūsdienu daiļdarbos

    OpenAIRE

    Merefjanska, Oksana

    2014-01-01

    Oksana Merefjanska Anotācijas žanra leksiskie un semantiskie aspekti mūsdienu daiļdarbos: bakalaura darbs. – Rīga, 2014. – 43 lpp. Darbs ir veltīts anotācijas žanra leksiskiem un semantiskiem aspektiem mūsdienu daiļdarbos. Pētījuma mērķis ir izanalizēt ka izpaužas anotācijas žanra leksiskie un semantiskie aspekti mūsdienu daiļdarbos. Šis darbs sastāv no divām daļām. Pirmajā daļā autors veic runas žanra teorētisku apskatu. Otrā daļa ir veltīta leksiskai un semantiskai anotācijas žanra an...

  8. Comparison of the HUI3 and the EQ-5D-3L in a nursing home setting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-01-01

    Background Accurately assessing changes in the quality of life of older people living permanently in nursing homes is important. The multi-attribute utility instrument most commonly used and recommended to assess health-related quality of life in the nursing home population is the three-level EuroQol EQ-5D-3L. To date, there have been no studies using the Health Utilities Index Mark III (HUI3). The purpose of this study was to compare the level of agreement and sensitivity to change of the EQ-5D-3L and HUI3 in a nursing home population. Methods EQ-5D-3L and HUI3 scores were measured as part of a cluster randomised controlled trial of nurse led care coordination in a nursing home population in Perth, Western Australia at baseline and 6-month follow up. Results Both measures were completed for 199 residents at baseline and 177 at 6-month follow-up. Mean baseline utility scores for EQ-5D-3L (0.45; 95% CI 0.41–0.49) and HUI3 (0.15; 95% CI 0.10–0.20) were significantly different (Wilcoxon signed rank test, p<0.01) and agreement was poor to moderate between absolute scores from each instrument (intra-class correlation coefficient = 0.63). The EQ-5D-3L appeared more sensitive to change over the 6-month period. Conclusion Our findings show that the EQ-5D-3L and HUI3 estimate different utility scores among nursing home residents. These differences should be taken into account, particularly when considering the implications of the cost-effectiveness of particular interventions and we conclude that the HUI3 is no better suited to measuring health-related quality of life in a nursing home population when compared to the EQ-5D-3L. PMID:28234983

  9. The Making of a Genius: Richard P. Feynman

    CERN Document Server

    Forstner, Christian

    2012-01-01

    In 1965 the Nobel Foundation honored Sin-Itiro Tomonaga, Julian Schwinger, and Richard Feynman for their fundamental work in quantum electrodynamics and the consequences for the physics of elementary particles. In contrast to both of his colleagues only Richard Feynman appeared as a genius before the public. In his autobiographies he managed to connect his behavior, which contradicted several social and scientific norms, with the American myth of the "practical man". This connection led to the image of a common American with extraordinary scientific abilities and contributed extensively to enhance the image of Feynman as genius in the public opinion. Is this image resulting from Feynman's autobiographies in accordance with historical facts? This question is the starting point for a deeper historical analysis that tries to put Feynman and his actions back into historical context. The image of a "genius" appears then as a construct resulting from the public reception of brilliant scientific research.

  10. Richard Rorty, or the possibility of an universal ethnocentrism.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabel Gamero Cabrera

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we will try to understand and analyze the present implications of two thesis of the American philosopher Richard Rorty, related with his ethnocentrism: The global expansion of the liberal western democracy as a political goal and the reduction of personal beliefs to the private sphere. We will compare them with the theories of two other authors: An anthropological interpretation of the wittgensteinian language-games and the radical democracy by Chantal Mouffe.

  11. Novelty, Pattern, and Force in Richard Powers’s Orfeo

    OpenAIRE

    Hume, Kathryn

    2017-01-01

    Richard Powers’s Orfeo pits novelty against familiar pattern, and explores the destructive effects of forcing something new to fit known patterns in art, science, and politics. The protagonist’s dedication to writing truly new music wrecks his marriage and damages his personal life. His tinkering with novelty in bacterial genes will apparently get him killed by the police. Powers has argued in The Gold Bug Variations that the point of science is wonder, not control. Powers embodies this tensi...

  12. Drawings of fossils by Robert Hooke and Richard Waller

    OpenAIRE

    Kusukawa, Sachiko

    2013-01-01

    The drawings of fossils by Robert Hooke and Richard Waller that were the basis of the engravings in Hooke's Posthumous works (1705) are published here for the first time. The drawings show that both Hooke and Waller were proficient draftsmen with a keen eye for the details of petrified objects. These drawings provided Hooke with a polemic edge in making the case for the organic origins of ‘figured stones’.

  13. Richard Carwardine and Jay Sexton, eds., The Global Lincoln.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hans Krabbendam

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Most countries have their export heroes that transcend their national origin: India has its Ghandi, South Africa its Mandela, England its Churchill, and the US has Abraham Lincoln. While particularly known for his role in the American Civil War, he has developed into an international beacon for liberalism and democracy, especially for nationals deprived of this liberties.This collection of essays, edited by Corpus Christi College (Oxford, UK colleagues Richard Carwardine and Jay Sexton, puts...

  14. Perception of Leitmotives in Richard Wagner's Der Ring des Nibelungen

    OpenAIRE

    Baker, David J.; Müllensiefen, Daniel

    2017-01-01

    The music of Richard Wagner tends to generate very diverse judgments indicative of the complex relationship between listeners and the sophisticated musical structures in Wagner’s music. This paper presents findings from two listening experiments using the music from Wagner’s Der Ring des Nibelungen that explores musical as well as individual listener parameters to better understand how listeners are able to hear leitmotives, a compositional device closely associated with Wagner’s music. Resul...

  15. Astronomical fire: Richard Carrington and the solar flare of 1859.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Stuart

    2007-09-01

    An explosion on the Sun in 1859, serendipitously witnessed by amateur astronomer Richard Carrington, plunged telegraphic communications into chaos and bathed two thirds of the Earth's skies in aurorae. Explaining what happened to the Sun and how it could affect Earth, 93 million miles away, helped change the direction of astronomy. From being concerned principally with charting the stars to aid navigation, astronomers became increasingly concerned with what the celestial objects were, how they behaved and how they might affect life on Earth.

  16. Contesting modernity: Tobacco use and romanticism among older Dai farmers in Xishuangbanna, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Xiang; Davey, Gareth

    2015-11-01

    The majority of research about tobacco use in China focuses on Han Chinese, the main ethnic group comprising over 90 per cent of the population, and a paucity of research exists on ethnic minorities. The present study elucidates tobacco use among the Dai people, an ethnic group in Yunnan Province, Southwest China. The study design consisted of interviews and grounded theory methodology in a symbolic interactionist theoretical framework. The categories of the grounded theory revealed tobacco consumption was weaved in a complex web of meanings: social practices, perceptions of health, and work lives as agriculturalists, situated in Dai cultural and social milieu. An important finding was the stage-managing of tobacco as a symbol of 'tradition' versus 'modernity': Through a process of contested modernity, the older men championed long-standing tobacco customs as representative of Dai heritage and thus their own tobacco use as upholding traditions amid encroaching cultural and societal change in China. These findings are important because little is known about Dai people's tobacco use and how they are responding to social change. There are also implications for the development of culturally-appropriate tobacco control strategies.

  17. Digital Avionics Information System (DAIS): Mid-1980's Maintenance Task Analysis. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Czuchry, Andrew J.; And Others

    The fundamental objective of the Digital Avionics Information System (DAIS) Life Cycle Cost (LCC) Study is to provide the Air Force with an enhanced in-house capability to incorporate LCC considerations during all stages of the system acquisition process. The purpose of this report is to describe the technical approach, results, and conclusions…

  18. Digital Avionics Information System (DAIS): Reliability and Maintainability Model. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Czuchry, Andrew J.; And Others

    The reliability and maintainability (R&M) model described in this report represents an important portion of a larger effort called the Digital Avionics Information System (DAIS) Life Cycle Cost (LCC) Study. The R&M model is the first of three models that comprise a modeling system for use in LCC analysis of avionics systems. The total…

  19. DAI (DLM-1/ZBP1) as a genetic adjuvant for DNA vaccines that promotes effective antitumor CTL immunity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lladser, Alvaro; Mougiakakos, Dimitrios; Tufvesson, Helena; Ligtenberg, Maarten A; Quest, Andrew Fg; Kiessling, Rolf; Ljungberg, Karl

    2011-03-01

    DNA vaccination is an attractive approach to induce antigen-specific cytotoxic CD8(+) T lymphocytes (CTLs), which can mediate protective antitumor immunity. The potency of DNA vaccines encoding weakly immunogenic tumor-associated antigens (TAAs) can be enhanced by codelivering gene-encoded adjuvants. Pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) that sense intracellular DNA could potentially be used to harness intrinsic immune-stimulating properties of plasmid DNA vaccines. Consequently, the cytosolic DNA sensor, DNA-dependent activator of interferon (IFN) regulatory factors (DAI), was used as a genetic adjuvant. In vivo electroporation (EP) of mice with a DAI-encoding plasmid (pDAI) promoted transcription of genes encoding type I IFNs, proinflammatory cytokines, and costimulatory molecules. Coimmunization with pDAI and antigen-encoding plasmids enhanced in vivo antigen-specific proliferation, and induction of effector and memory CTLs. Moreover, codelivery of pDAI effectively promoted CTL and CD4(+) Th1 responses to the TAA survivin. The DAI-enhanced CTL induction required nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) activation and type I IFN signaling, but did not involve the IFN regulatory factor 3 (IRF3). Codelivery of pDAI also increased CTL responses to the melanoma-associated antigen tyrosinase-related protein-2 (TRP2), enhanced tumor rejection and conferred long-term protection against B16 melanoma challenge. This study constitutes "proof-of-principle" validating the use of intracellular PRRs as genetic adjuvants to enhance DNA vaccine potency.

  20. [A preliminary report on the investigation of medicinal plant resources in the Liupan Mountains of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Y; Pu, X; Sun, J; Zhang, G

    1990-02-01

    In this paper, 423 species of medicinal plants belonging to 94 families in Liupan Mountains of Ningzia Hui Autonomous Region have been reported, of which 403 species belonging to 79 families are medicinal spermatophytes. The paper may serve as a reference for medical authorities in developing and utilizing plant resources.

  1. When Richard Branson wants to build his own facility; Quand Richard Branson veut construire son propre complexe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cosnard, D

    2005-10-01

    The capacity of petroleum refineries is today insufficient to meet the demand. In front of this shortage, Sir Richard Branson, the owner of Virgin Atlantic Airways, has decided to invest in the building of a refinery in Europe or in Canada. His new company, Virgin Oil, is already launched. However, the setting up of a new facility is very expensive and raises important problems of permits and public contestation which remain to be solved. Short paper. (J.S.)

  2. "Symposium" by Richard Dawkins, Gerard 't Hooft, Alain Connes

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2004-01-01

    Richard Dawkins will speak on biology, Gerard ‘t Hooft will focus on physics, and Alain Connes will discuss mathematics. CERN scientists probe ever-deeper levels of matter and their interactions, but can we say that the patterns they see are truly fundamental? Does the universe obey the same laws throughout? Since mathematical constructions can be true in the absence of any relation to the physical world, is mathematics more fundamental than physics? Extraterrestrial life would probably look much different from that on Earth, but natural selection still be fundamental to their evolution?

  3. R316-million Richards Bay Coal Terminal expansions underway

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1990-10-01

    Fabrication is underway on items critical to the R316-million expansion programme newly embarked upon by Richards Bay Coal Terminal (RBCT, South Africa), according to project manager SEMTEC. The expansion will increase the capacity of RBTC from 44 million tons of export quality coal a year to 53-million tons. The scope of work includes the design and fabrication of a tandem tippler, a stacker reclaimer, and new conveyors as well as upgrading the existing conveyor, terminal control and railway system and the supply of new locomotives.

  4. Review of Richard Bausch, Hello to the Cannibals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Géraldine Chouard

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Richard Bausch is credited with five collections of short stories and nine novels that have received various awards in the United States. His latest work, Hello to the Cannibals, blends a historical epic and a more intimate tale. Watch out‑this is a voracious novel.Other CarnageAn ethnologist investigating cannibalistic rites in Africa asks the head of the tribe : « Do you still have cannibals in your tribe ? » « No, we ate the last one yesterday, » answers the head of the tribe. Undoubtedly,...

  5. Richard III, Barer–Stoddart and the Daughter of Time

    OpenAIRE

    Robert G. Evans; McGrail, Kimberlyn M.

    2008-01-01

    “Truth is the daughter of Time,” said mystery writer Josephine Tey. This point, illustrated in her rehabilitation of the “villainous” King Richard III, is equally apt for a reconsideration of the 1991 Barer–Stoddart report on medical personnel. Canadian physicians have reviled these authors for “creating” a physician shortage by encouraging provincial cuts to medical school enrolment. Yet, data pre- and post-1991 are quite clear: their report did not and could not have had this effect. The ph...

  6. On the Study of Richard Tom Robert Identity

    CERN Document Server

    Tsai, Yeong-Shyeong

    2008-01-01

    In order to estimate the average speed of mosquitoes, a simple experiment was designed by Richard (Lu-Hsing Tsai), Tom (Po-Yu Tsai) and Robert (Hung-Ming Tsai). The result of the experiment was posted in the science exhibitions Taichung Taiwan 1993. The average speed of mosquitoes is inferred by the simple relation is obtained In this paper, we will show how to get the data generated by computer. Though the rigorous proof is not shown, a sketch proof will be shown in this paper

  7. Free as in Freedom Richard Stallman's Crusade for Free Software

    CERN Document Server

    Williams, Sam

    2011-01-01

    Free as in Freedom interweaves biographical snapshots of GNU project founder Richard Stallman with the political, social and economic history of the free software movement. It examines Stallman's unique personality and how that personality has been at turns a driving force and a drawback in terms of the movement's overall success. Free as in Freedom examines one man's 20-year attempt to codify and communicate the ethics of 1970s era "hacking" culture in such a way that later generations might easily share and build upon the knowledge of their computing forebears. The book documents Stallman'

  8. 美国RichardChai临时商店

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    David B.Smith(摄影); Lexie Moreland(摄影); Snarkitecture(摄影); 代照(翻译)

    2012-01-01

    纽约当红韩裔时尚造型设计师理查蔡(RichardChei),联手Snarkitecture设计公司的DanielArsham和AlBxMustenen在纽约制作了一家艋时售卖店。它是BOFFO举办的建筑与时尚展系列的一部分。此项目的霉售装置用单一材料进行造型,整体空间非常特别,顾客像置身于“北极冰川洞窟“中购物。

  9. Richard Rorty, o la posibilidad de un etnocentrismo universal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabel Gamero Cabrera

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available En el presente artículo intentaremos comprender y analizar las implicaciones actuales de dos tesis del filósofo estadounidense Richard Rorty en relación con su etnocentrismo: La expansión global del sistema democrático liberal como horizonte de su teoría política y la restricción de las creencias de importancia última a la esfera privada. Compararemos esta teoría con las aportaciones de otros dos autores: una interpretación antropológica de los juegos de lenguaje de Wittgenstein y la democracia radical de Mouffe.

  10. Effects of pirenzepine on Dai-kenchu-to-induced elevation of the plasma neuropeptide levels in humans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sato, Yuhki; Inoue, Shin; Katagiri, Fumihiko; Itoh, Hiroki; Takeyama, Masaharu

    2006-01-01

    Dai-kenchu-to has been used for the treatment of abdominal obstructions, including bowel obstructions and a feeling of coldness in the abdomen. We reported that Dai-kenchu-to increases plasma neuropeptide [motilin, vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), serotonin, calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), and substance P]-like immunoreactive substances (IS) levels and that its pharmacologic effects on the gastrointestine are due to changes in gastrointestinal mucosa-regulatory peptide levels. We examined the effects of the selective M(1) muscarinic receptor antagonist pirenzepine on the elevation of Dai-kenchu-to-induced plasma neuropeptide (gastrin, motilin, somatostatin, VIP, CGRP, substance P)-IS levels in human volunteers and the area under the plasma neuropeptide concentration-time curve from 0 to 240 min (AUC(0-->240 min)), which were calculated from the plasma neuropeptide concentration-time curves from each volunteers. Oral pretreatment with pirenzepine reduced the Dai-kenchu-to-induced elevation of plasma motilin and VIP-IS levels and AUC(0-->240 min). Combined treatment with Dai-kenchu-to and pirenzepine increased plasma somatostatin-IS levels and decreased plasma gastrin-IS levels and had no effects on plasma CGRP- and substance P-IS levels and AUC(0-->240 min) compared with administration of Dai-kenchu-to alone. Dai-kenchu-to appeared to induce the release of motilin and VIP into plasma mainly through the activation of M(1) muscarinic receptors, and pirenzepine may affect the pharmacologic action of Dai-kenchu-to by elevation of plasma motilin and VIP levels.

  11. Study and application of reinforcement learning based on DAI in cooperative strategy of robot soccer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GUO Qi; ZHANG Da-zhi; YANG Yong-tian

    2009-01-01

    A dynamic cooperation model of multi-agent is established by combining reinforcement learning with distributed artificial intelligence (DAI), in which the concept of individual optimization loses its meaning be-cause of the dependence of repayment on each agent itself and the choice of other agents. Utilizing the idea of DAI, the intellectual unit of each robot and the change of task and environment, each agent can make decisions independently and finish various complicated tasks by communication and reciprocation between each other. The method is superior to other reinforcement learning methods commonly used in the multi-agent system. It can im-prove the convergence velocity of reinforcement learning, decrease requirements of computer memory, and en-hance the capability of computing and logical ratiocinating for agent. The result of a simulated robot soccer match proves that the proposed cooperative strategy is valid.

  12. Analysis of prescription database extracted from standard textbooks of traditional Dai medicine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang Chuang

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Traditional Dai Medicine (TDM is one of the four major ethnomedicine of China. In 2007 a group of experts produced a set of seven Dai medical textbooks on this subject. The first two were selected as the main data source to analyse well recognized prescriptions. Objective To quantify patterns of prescriptions, common ingredients, indications and usages of TDM. Methods A relational database linking the prescriptions, ingredients, herb names, indications, and usages was set up. Frequency of pattern of combination and common ingredients were tabulated. Results A total of 200 prescriptions and 402 herbs were compiled. Prescriptions based on "wind" disorders, a detoxification theory that most commonly deals with symptoms of digestive system diseases, accounted for over one third of all prescriptions. The major methods of preparations mostly used roots and whole herbs. Conclusion The information extracted from the relational database may be useful for understanding symptomatic treatments. Antidote and detoxification theory deserves further research.

  13. Relationship between dietary antioxidant index (DAI) and antioxidants level in plasma of Kraków inhabitants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kolarzyk, Emilia; Pietrzycka, Agata; Zając, Joanna; Morawiecka-Baranek, Joanna

    2017-01-01

    Some literature data indicate that antioxidant-rich food may significantly increase antioxidants in serum and decrease the oxidative stress but results are ambiguous. The aim of this study was to estimate the total antioxidant capacity of food intake among the inhabitants of Kraków, Poland on the basis of dietary antioxidant index (DAI) and evaluation the relation between DAI and the level of antioxidants in plasma. Examination included 70 (37 women and 33 men) non-smoking inhabitants of Krakow aged 46.4 ± 13.7 years. DAI was investigated on the basis of Food Frequency Questionnaire including 145 food items. DAI was measured using the method by Benzi and expressed as FRAP (mMol/L). In plasma samples total antioxidant status (TAS) expressed as FRAP and malondialdehyde (MDA) concentration as a marker of lipids peroxidation were measured. The mean value of DAI of all examined persons was 46.74 ± 25.5 mMol/L (in female group: 54.13 ± 27.7 mMol/L; in male group: 37.83 ± 19.5 mMol/L; p antioxidants in daily diet (measured as DAI) might increase antioxidants defense (measured by TAC as FRAP) and decrease oxidative stress (measured by MDA concentration in plasma). The dietary modification towards higher consumption of antioxidants (especially in men) should be highlighted in prevention of diseases in which oxidative stress play considerable role.

  14. The Paradox of the Public Realm in Richard Rorty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martha Palacio Avendaño

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The concepto of the public sphere in Richard Rorty's philosophy, inherited of liberal tradition, allows be treated as a part of a game of language called democratic liberalism. One of the rules for validating a move in this game consists in taking for granted the distinction between the public and the private spheres. Richard Rorty thought that democratic liberalism did not need any foundation beyond the way to play it; its only criteria would be the game's practices, according an utopia which would allow us to make more movements in the game. That is, democratic liberalism does not require foundations, but just practices for achieving a social hioe inspired on freedom and pluralism. This kind of utopia, based upon the non-cruelty principle, would make possible an inclusive society where everyone would have a place for their own private vocabulary. In this way, Rorty would have linked freedom and solidarity. However, this language-game reveals the paradox of the link which implies the meaning of the public shere. Herein, freedom is not a sufficient condition of solidarity; hence, there is no place for social inclusion in Rorty's language game.

  15. C21 steroid derivatives from the Dai herbal medicine Dai-Bai-Jie, the dried roots of Marsdenia tenacissima, and their screening for anti-HIV activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pang, Xu; Kang, Li-Ping; Fang, Xiao-Mei; Yu, He-Shui; Han, Li-Feng; Zhao, Yang; Zhang, Li-Xia; Yu, Li-Yan; Ma, Bai-Ping

    2017-09-15

    Twenty-three new C21 steroidal glycosides, marstenacissides C1-C10 (1-10), D1-D7 (11-17) and E1-E6 (18-23), and four new C21 steroids, 11α,12β-O-ditigloyl-tenacigenin C (24), 11α-O-benzoyl-12β-O-tigloyl-tenacigenin C (25), 11α-O-tigloyl-12β-O-benzoyl-tenacigenin C (26) and 11α-O-tigloyl-12β-O-benzoyl-marsdenin (27), were isolated from the Dai herbal medicine Dai-Bai-Jie, derived from the roots of Marsdenia tenacissima. The chemical structures of all compounds were established by spectroscopic techniques, including high-resolution mass spectrometry and NMR spectroscopy, as well as by comparison with reported spectral data. The anti-HIV activities of these compounds were screened, and the compounds obtained displayed inhibitory effects against HIV-1 with inhibition rates of 36.4-81.3% at 30 μM.

  16. The HBV E Genotype Discover in Dai Nationality in Xishuangbanna, Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hai-ping ZHAO; Yuan-ying SHEN; Ru SHEN; Yuan-yi WANG; Mei-ya FU

    2009-01-01

    To investigate the distribution of Hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotypes among the population of Dai nationality in Xishuangbanna, Yurman Province HBV genotypes of the Serum samples were tested by PCR-RFLP. This is the first time to discover the B+E genotypes in China. This finding provides new information for understanding the distribution of HBV genotype in China and a provides a basis for establishing a Chinese gene bank.

  17. Cognitive communications distributed artificial intelligence (DAI), regulatory policy and economics, implementation

    CERN Document Server

    Grace, David

    2012-01-01

    This book discusses in-depth the concept of distributed artificial intelligence (DAI) and its application to cognitive communications In this book, the authors present an overview of cognitive communications, encompassing both cognitive radio and cognitive networks, and also other application areas such as cognitive acoustics. The book also explains the specific rationale for the integration of different forms of distributed artificial intelligence into cognitive communications, something which is often neglected in many forms of technical contributions available today. Furthermore, t

  18. The Fukushima Dai-ichi NPP accident crisis and its influence on energy policy in Japan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Uchida, Shunsuke; Naitoh, Masanori; Okada, Hidetoshi; Suzuki, Hiroaki [Institute of Applied Energy, Tokyo (Japan)

    2011-10-15

    Fossil fuel power plants (FPPs) and nuclear power plants (NPPs) along the northern Pacific coast of Japan experienced a mega earthquake and resulting tsunamis on March 11, 2011, which resulted in serious damage. More than half of the FPPs have returned to supplying electricity, while all NPPs are still shut down. In particular, Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) of the Tokyo Electric Power Co. experienced a nuclear accident crisis unprecedented in both scale and timeframe. This paper gives a brief overview of the events and their propagation based on the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) report and the authors' studies on accident analysis, and offers considerations on root causes of the propagation, e.g., problems in hardware, software and accident management, by comparing the responses of Fukushima Dai-ichi NPP with those of other reactors at the Fukushima Dai-ni, Tokai, Onagawa and Higashidori NPPs, where cold shutdowns were successfully maintained even though they had also been affected by the earthquake and tsunamis. Future technical subjects for safe NPP operation and the influence of the events on Japanese energy policy are presented. (orig.)

  19. Da Chrétien de Troyes a Shakespeare («The tragedy of King Richard the Third», a. I, sc. 2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfonso D'Agostino

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available L’articolo si propone di considerare le somiglianze fra alcune vicende antico-francesi (l’Yvain di Chrétien de Troyes e il fabliau anonimo De celle que se fist foutre sur la fosse son mari con una scena del Riccardo III di Shakespeare. Anche se non si può dire che il dramma inglese dipenda dai testi narrativi oitanici, esso sviluppa lo stesso motivo della vedova consolata e una serie di motivi secondarî, di immagini (il sangue, il diavolo, la seduzione e di espressioni letterarie in modo sintomaticamente affine. The paper aims to evaluate similarities between some Old-French narratives (Chrétien de Troyes’ Yvain and the anonymous fabliau De celle que se fist foutre sur la fosse son mari and a scene from Shakespeare’s Richard III. Although we cannot affirm that Shakespeare’s play derives from the French narratives, it develops the same theme of “comforted widow” along with a series of secondary themes, of images (the blood, the devil, the seduction and literary expressions in a symptomatically, very similar way.

  20. Association of TCF7L2 gene polymorphisms with susceptibility to type 2 diabetes mellitus in a Chinese Hui population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Y; Xu, J R; Wang, Y J; Liu, X M

    2015-08-21

    Diabetes is one of costly chronic diseases. Previous studies across several ethnicities have shown that polymorphisms in the transcription factor 7-like 2 (TCF7L2) gene were strongly associated with susceptibility to type 2 diabetes (T2DM). In the present study, the association between the TCF7L2 gene and the susceptibility to T2DM in a Chinese Hui population was interrogated. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)- restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis and allelic specific PCR were employed for examining the TCF7L2 gene rs12255372 (G>T) and rs290487 (C>T), and rs7901695 (T>C) polymorphisms, respectively, in 109 healthy individuals and 111 subjects with T2DM who were of Chinese Hui descent and lived in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region of China. The results showed that the genotypic frequency of rs290487 and the allelic frequency distributions of the rs7901695 and rs290487 loci were not significantly different between patients and controls in this population. However, both the genotypic and the allelic frequencies at rs12255372 exhibited statistical differences between the patients with T2DM and the unaffected cohort (P 2255372 locus in the patients was higher than that in healthy individuals (OR = 1.198, 95%CI = 1.097-1.307). These findings suggest that the TCF7L2 rs12255372 (G>T) polymorphism might be one of the most important genetic factors associated with T2DM susceptibility, and that individuals in the Chinese Hui population who carry a G allele at this locus might be at risk to develop T2DM.

  1. Perimortem trauma in King Richard III: a skeletal analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Appleby, Jo; Rutty, Guy N; Hainsworth, Sarah V; Woosnam-Savage, Robert C; Morgan, Bruno; Brough, Alison; Earp, Richard W; Robinson, Claire; King, Turi E; Morris, Mathew; Buckley, Richard

    2015-01-17

    Richard III was the last king of England to die in battle, but how he died is unknown. On Sept 4, 2012, a skeleton was excavated in Leicester that was identified as Richard. We investigated the trauma to the skeleton with modern forensic techniques, such as conventional CT and micro-CT scanning, to characterise the injuries and establish the probable cause of death. We assessed age and sex through direct analysis of the skeleton and from CT images. All bones were examined under direct light and multi-spectral illumination. We then scanned the skeleton with whole-body post-mortem CT. We subsequently examined bones with identified injuries with micro-CT. We deemed that trauma was perimortem when we recorded no evidence of healing and when breakage characteristics were typical of fresh bone. We used previous data to identify the weapons responsible for the recorded injuries. The skeleton was that of an adult man with a gracile build and severe scoliosis of the thoracic spine. Standard anthropological age estimation techniques based on dry bone analysis gave an age range between 20s and 30s. Standard post-mortem CT methods were used to assess rib end morphology, auricular surfaces, pubic symphyseal face, and cranial sutures, to produce a multifactorial narrower age range estimation of 30-34 years. We identified nine perimortem injuries to the skull and two to the postcranial skeleton. We identified no healed injuries. The injuries were consistent with those created by weapons from the later medieval period. We could not identify the specific order of the injuries, because they were all distinct, with no overlapping wounds. Three of the injuries-two to the inferior cranium and one to the pelvis-could have been fatal. The wounds to the skull suggest that Richard was not wearing a helmet, although the absence of defensive wounds on his arms and hands suggests he was still otherwise armoured. Therefore, the potentially fatal pelvis injury was probably received post mortem

  2. Le Dictionnaire québécois d’aujourd’hui : Enquête sur les registres

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Cécile Guillot

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The Dictionnaire québécois d’aujourd’hui came out in 1992. The publication of this dictionary sparked a controversy on, among other things, word labeling. The language registers given for many words did not seem to reflect how Quebec francophones felt about them. The debate was such that, one year later, a second edition was produced. The main changes made concern the language registers of a number of entries, on which this time, Quebec francophones would agree. A survey was therefore carried out to determine whether the registers indicated in Le Dictionnaire québécois d’aujourd’hui correspond to Quebec francophones’ linguistic intuitions. A 50-word questionnaire was given to 150 respondents, who were asked to assign a language register to each word. The results of this survey have led to the conclusion that the registers given in Le Dictionnaire québécois d’aujourd’hui often do not correspond to the intuitions of Quebec francophones.

  3. 多元并存和谐相容--泉州丁氏回族宗教信仰现状调查研究%Multicultural Coexistence and Harmony---A Religious Belief Status Survey about Ding Family of Hui Ethnic Minority in Quanzhou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁玲玲; 林煜堃

    2014-01-01

    Chen Dai is one of the main areas in Fujian Quanzhou where Ding family of Hui ethnic minority has lived, with the population of more than 20000. With the development of society and the changes of the times, the people's religious belief there has changed. A single Islamic religion evolved into multi-religious coexistence, showing local characteristics of the pluralistic coexistence, harmonious religious belief pattern. Based on the field investigation, combined with the literature, the paper discussed the religious evolution there.%陈埭是福建泉州回族的主要聚居区之一,有丁氏回族2万多人。随着时代的变迁与社会的发展,陈埭丁氏回族社区的宗教信仰也发生了变化。由单一的伊斯兰教信仰演变为多种宗教信仰并存,呈现出一个带有地域特色的多元共存、和谐相容的宗教信仰格局。本文拟根据笔者的田野调查,结合文献资料,对泉州陈埭丁氏回族的宗教信仰演化进行探讨。

  4. Drought Adaptation in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China: Actions, Planning, Pathways and Barriers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jianping Yang

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (NX region of Northwestern China is threatened by increased meteorological drought induced by climate change (CC and constraints on water supply from the Yellow River. Thus, the NX region is representative of attempts to adapt to CC and variability in China’s arid regions. Field visits, a questionnaire and in situ inspections were conducted in 2012–2014 to understand people’s perception and awareness of drought and its impact, particularly with respect to adaptation strategies. We mainly focused on drought adaptation actions and planning implemented at the government level under the double pressures of drought and allocation. We described a suitable adaptation pathway for socio-economic sustainable development and discussed existing adaptation barriers. Construction of modern efficient water-saving agriculture lies at the core of drought adaptation, with socio-economic sustainable development being the ultimate goal. To achieve this, policies and institutional, engineering, technological, structural and social initiatives and measures—classified into macro adaptation strategies and specific coping measures—are implemented. Adaptation often encounters obstacles, e.g., policy issues from household contract responsibility systems, funding difficulties of low-income farmers, traditional behavioral habits and low education and literacy levels among farmers. The adaptation pathway involves the construction of modern efficient water-saving agriculture. Agricultural water savings are then transferred to developed industries, which back-feed socio-economic sustainable development in the NX region.

  5. Marie Curie, les femmes et la science, d'hier à aujourd'hui

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva; Mariotti, Chiara; Vicinanza, Domenico

    2017-01-01

    Marie Curie, les femmes et la science, d'hier à aujourd'hui Conférence par Hélène Langevin-Joliot Avec la participation de l'Echo du Reculet de Thoiry. L'enregistrement et la liste d'attente sont déjà complets... Mais il n'est pas rare que des personnes réservent et ne viennent pas. Nous réassignerons les places libérées selon la règle "premier arrivé, premier inscrit". Au vu de la forte demande, la conférence sera également disponible en vidéoconférence : lien d'accès "webcast" disponible en bas de cette page. Hélène Langevin-Joliot, directrice de recherche émérite en physique nucléaire fondamentale au CNRS à Orsay, est aussi la fille de Frédéric et Irène Joliot-Curie (prix Nobel de chimie en 1935) et la petite-fille de Pierre Curie (prix Nobel de physique en 1903) et de Marie Curie (prix Nobel de physique en 1903 et prix Nobel de chimie en 1911). Hélène Langevin-Joliot nous parlera de sa vie scientifique, de l’histoire extraordinai...

  6. Marie Curie, les femmes et la science, d'hier à aujourd'hui - English

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2017-01-01

    Marie Curie, les femmes et la science, d'hier à aujourd'hui Conférence par Hélène Langevin-Joliot Avec la participation de l'Echo du Reculet de Thoiry. L'enregistrement et la liste d'attente sont déjà complets... Mais il n'est pas rare que des personnes réservent et ne viennent pas. Nous réassignerons les places libérées selon la règle "premier arrivé, premier inscrit". Nous envisageons la possibilité de faire un webcast de la conférence. Plus d'information bientôt. Hélène Langevin-Joliot, directrice de recherche émérite en physique nucléaire fondamentale au CNRS à Orsay, est aussi la fille de Frédéric et Irène Joliot-Curie (prix Nobel de chimie en 1935) et la petite-fille de Pierre Curie (prix Nobel de physique en 1903) et de Marie Curie (prix Nobel de physique en 1903 et prix Nobel de chimie en 1911). Hélène Langevin-Joliot nous parlera de sa vie scientifique, de l’histoire extraordinaire de sa famille et en particulier du rôle des ...

  7. [Stabilization of the distal radioulnar joint by Hui-Lindscheid ligamentoplasty. Report of 10 cases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sénéchaud, C; Savioz, D; Della Santa, D

    1996-01-01

    The surgical treatment of chronic sprain of the distal radio-ulnar joint remains a difficult problem. Some authors have proposed a radio-ulnar stabilization procedure which involves some loss of mobility of the forearm. Other, more radical authors, have suggested partial or complete resection of the ulnar head. In this case, they restore mobility in prono-supination, but often with a loss of stability and discomfort or pain. Hui and Lindscheid modified a technique of tenodesis which had been previously proposed by Bunnell. They perfected a tenodesis based on the use of the flexor carpi ulnaris tendon. We feel that this procedure should ensure stability of the distal radio-ulnar joint, while preserving its mobility. We used this technique in 9 patients who were reviewed with a follow-up of 2.7 years. The authors obtained 2/3 of good and very good results. This procedure will be compared with other techniques currently used and differences of the results will be discussed. Unfortunately, few articles have been published on this subject.

  8. A Remote Sensing Model to Estimate Sunshine Duration in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱晓晨; 邱新法; 曾燕; 高佳琦; 何永健

    2015-01-01

    Sunshine duration (SD) is strongly correlated with solar radiation, and is most widely used to estimate the latter. This study builds a remote sensing model on a 100 m × 100 m spatial resolution to estimate SD for the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China. Digital elevation model (DEM) data are employed to refl ect topography, and moderate-resolution imaging spectroradiometer (MODIS) cloud products (Aqua MYD06−L2 and Terra MOD06−L2) are used to estimate sunshine percentage. Based on the terrain (e.g., slope, aspect, and terrain shadowing degree) and the atmospheric conditions (e.g., air molecules, aerosols, moisture, cloud cover, and cloud types), observation data from weather stations are also incorporated into the model. Verifi cation results indicate that the model simulations match reasonably with the observations, with the average relative error of the total daily SD being 2.21%. Further data analysis reveals that the variation of the estimated SD is consistent with that of the maximum possible SD; its spatial variation is so substantial that the estimated SD diff ers signifi cantly between the south-facing and north-facing slopes, and its seasonal variation is also large throughout the year.

  9. Land cover change during a period of extensive landscape restoration in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cadavid Restrepo, Angela M; Yang, Yu Rong; Hamm, Nicholas A S; Gray, Darren J; Barnes, Tamsin S; Williams, Gail M; Soares Magalhães, Ricardo J; McManus, Donald P; Guo, Danhuai; Clements, Archie C A

    2017-11-15

    Environmental change has been a topic of great interest over the last century due to its potential impact on ecosystem services that are fundamental for sustainable development and human well-being. Here, we assess and quantify the spatial and temporal variation in land cover in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (NHAR), China. With high-resolution (30m) imagery from Landsat 4/5-TM and 8-OLI for the entire region, land cover maps of the region were created to explore local land cover changes in a spatially explicit way. The results suggest that land cover changes observed in NHAR from 1991 to 2015 reflect the main goals of a national policy implemented there to recover degraded landscapes. Forest, herbaceous vegetation and cultivated land increased by approximately 410,200ha, 708,600ha and 164,300ha, respectively. The largest relative land cover change over the entire study period was the increase in forestland. Forest growth resulted mainly from the conversion of herbaceous vegetation (53.8%) and cultivated land (30.8%). Accurate information on the local patterns of land cover in NHAR may contribute to the future establishment of better landscape policies for ecosystem management and protection. Spatially explicit information on land cover change may also help decision makers to understand and respond appropriately to emerging environmental risks for the local population. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  10. Quantenmechanik im Kalten Krieg David Bohm und Richard Feynman

    CERN Document Server

    Forstner, Christian

    2007-01-01

    Mitte des 20. Jahrhunderts entwickelten David Bohm und Richard Feynman zwei grundlegend verschiedene Ansätze der moderne Quantenmechanik: Bohm eine realistische Deutung mit Hilfe verborgener Parameter und Feynman den Pfadintegralformalismus. Dies ist umso bemerkenswerter, weil beide Physiker von ähnlichen Voraussetzungen ausgingen und aus ähnlichen Zusammenhängen stammten. Durch ihren vergleichenden Ansatz bietet diese Studie mehr als einen Beitrag zur Geschichte der Quantentheorie. Mit der Frage nach den sozialen und kulturellen Bedingungen der Theoriebildung ist sie darüberhinaus von wissenschaftssoziologischem und wissenschaftstheoretischem Interesse. Die anfangs ähnliche und später unterschiedliche Einbindung der beiden Wissenschaftler in die Scientific Community erlaubt es überdies zu untersuchen, welchen Anpassungsdruck die jeweilige Gruppe auf den individuellen Wissenschaftler und die Kernbestandteile seiner Forschungen ausübt und welche neuen Freiheitsgrade für die Theoriebildung entstehen, ...

  11. Naturalismo e existencialismo na teoria moral de Richard Hare

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Antônio Oliveira de Azevedo

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1677-2954.2009v8n2p247Em um artigo de 1966, Amartya Sen procurou mostrar que mesmo Richard Hare, um devoto explícitodo antinaturalismo em ética, ainda que inadvertidamente, incorreu num tipo de naturalismo que Senintitulou de existencial. Neste breve artigo, traço um resumo dessa crítica à teoria de Hare, em especial,da chamada “Lei de Hume”, a qual Sen preferiu apropriadamente intitular “Regra de Hare”. Pretendomostrar como esse tipo peculiar de “existencialismo” nos conduz, ainda que sob o possível protesto deHare e seus seguidores, a conclusões subjetivistas e relativistas sobre a moralidade.

  12. Richard Godden, William Faulkner, An Economy of Complex Words

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frédérique Spill

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available En guise de préambule, Richard Godden s’empresse de préciser que le lien entre économie et langage qui est stipulé dans le titre de son dernier ouvrage critique sur l’œuvre de William Faulkner ne doit pas être compris de manière métaphorique : c’est bien en fonction de leur rapport avec un contexte économique et social spécifique que sont analysées les complexités de l’écriture faulknérienne. Sa démonstration repose sur trois présupposés qui sont clairement exposés dans son introduction : les...

  13. Richard III, Barer-Stoddart and the Daughter of Time.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, Robert G; McGrail, Kimberlyn M

    2008-02-01

    "Truth is the daughter of Time," said mystery writer Josephine Tey. This point, illustrated in her rehabilitation of the "villainous" King Richard III, is equally apt for a reconsideration of the 1991 Barer-Stoddart report on medical personnel. Canadian physicians have reviled these authors for "creating" a physician shortage by encouraging provincial cuts to medical school enrolment. Yet, data pre- and post-1991 are quite clear: their report did not and could not have had this effect. The physician-to-population ratio has been stable since 1989. Average physician hours of work have fallen, but per capita expenditures on physicians' services (inflation-adjusted) are rising rapidly. A flood of physicians from the major expansion of enrolments now in place threatens serious fiscal trouble over the next two decades, and is likely to pre-empt any significant system reform.

  14. British Missionary Timothy Richard and Chinese Modern Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    British missionary Timothy Richard came to China, actuated by preaching the Gospel andexpanding the sphere of Christian influence. Considering some complex reasons for history, civilization,ideology and custom etc, he paid attention to secular education as well as doing missionary work to attainhis Christian goal. He laid much stress on the function of education, so he proposed Chinese governmentshould set up Educational Department. In the late Qing Dynasty, he participated in the organization andmanagement of Shanxi Imperial University. Under the circumstances of modern times of China, when it wasin the grip of national crisis, and the contradictory between China and foreign countries was acute andcomplicated, all the work he had done exerted objective influences in many aspects. While it reflected thestrong semi-colonial character in modernization of Chinese education, it had some positive effect as well.

  15. Portraits and the Artist: Richard Rothwell’s Roman Adventures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine O’Brien

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Richard Rothwell was an Irish portraitist who was successful in Londonin the late 1820s. Despite this achievement he felt he had to leave Londonto acquaint himself with the Italian Masters and see what trends were indemand in Rome in the early 1830s. This chapter analyses how the Italianexperience affected his creativity and examines the reasons for his proclivitytowards genre and landscape over portraits in works produced up tohis death in 1868. Attention is paid to the Rothwell holdings in the NationalGallery of Ireland and the National Museum of Northern Ireland.The reasons for the negative reaction to Rothwell’s “Italian” art on his returnto England are examined while it is also argued that he may haveretained his initial success as a portrait painter had he never gone to Italy.

  16. Richard Rogers四十年的建筑宣言

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李宝怡

    2008-01-01

    <正>在1977年,英国建筑师Richard Rogers(与拍档Renzo Piano)设计了当时惹来很大争议、但至今已成经典的巴黎蓬皮杜中心,而RR亦终在上年获得建筑界最高殊荣普利兹克奖(Pritzker Prize)。最近,庞比度中心就为它的"生父"RR举办了大型回顾展,完整地记录他的辉煌事业。今年,绝对是RR丰收的一年。

  17. Philipp Frank, Richard von Mises, and the Frank-Mises

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siegmund-Schultze, Reinhard

    2007-01-01

    The theoretical physicist Philipp Frank (1884 1966) and the applied mathematician Richard von Mises (1883 1953) both received their university education in Vienna shortly after 1900 and became friends at the latest during the Great War.They were attached to the Vienna Circle of Logical Positivists and wrote an influential two-part work on the differential and integral equations of mechanics and physics, the Frank-Mises, of 1925 and 1927, with its second edition following in 1930 and 1935.This work originated in the lectures that the mathematician Bernhard Riemann (1826 1866) delivered on partial differential equations and their applications to physical questions at the University of Göttingen between 1854 and 1862, which were edited and published posthumously in1869 by the physicist Karl Hattendorff (1834 1882).The immediate precursor of the Frank-Mises, however, was the extensive revision of Hattendorff’s edition of Riemann’s lectures that the mathematician Heinrich Weber (1842 1913) published in two volumes, the Riemann-Weber, of 1900 and 1901, with its second edition following in 1910 and 1912. I trace this historical lineage, explore the nature and contents of the Frank-Mises, and discuss its complementary relationship to the first volume of the text that the mathematicians Richard Courant (1888 1972) and David Hilbert (1862 1943) published on the methods of mathematical physics in 1924, the Courant-Hilbert,which, when it and its second volume of 1937 were translated into English and extensively revised in 1953 and 1961, eclipsed the classic Frank-Mises.

  18. La paradoja de lo público en Richard Rorty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martha Palacio Avendaño

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available El concepto de lo público en Richard Rorty, heredero de la tradición liberal, admite ser tratado como parte de un juego del lenguaje denominado liberalismo democrático. En ese sentido, una de las reglas de este juego para saber si una jugada es válida consiste en asumir la distinción entre esfera pública y privada. Richard Rorty pensó que este juego no requería fundamentación más allá de la forma de jugarlo, que el criterio en que se apoyaría estaba en las prácticas que tienen lugar dentro del mismo con arreglo a sostener una utopía que permitiera hacer cada vez más jugadas. Esto es, el liberalismo democrático no requería basarse en algo más allá de las prácticas conducentes a lograr una esperanza social alentada por la libertad en defensa del pluralismo. Su utopía liberal, guiada por el principio de la no-crueldad, haría posible una sociedad inclusiva en la que todos tuvieran espacio para su léxico privado. De este modo, Rorty habría vinculado libertad y solidaridad, pero su juego del lenguaje permite advertir la paradoja del vínculo que implicaría el sentido de lo público. Aquí, la libertad no es condición suficiente de la solidaridad, de modo que la inclusión social no tiene cabida en su juego del lenguaje.

  19. Using Health Utility Index (HUI for Measuring the Impact on Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQL Among Individuals with Chronic Diseases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frank Mo

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Quality of life is an important indicator in assessing the burden of disease, especially for chronic conditions. The Health Utilities Index (HUI is a recently developed system for measuring the overall health status and health-related quality of life (HRQL of individuals, clinical groups, and general populations. Using the HUI (constructed based on eight attributes: vision, hearing, speech, mobility, dexterity, cognition, emotion, and pain/discomfort to measure the HRQL for chronic disease patients and to detect possible associations between HUI system and various chronic conditions, this study provides information to improve the management of chronic diseases.This study is of interest to data analysts, policy makers, and public health practitioners involved in descriptive clinical studies, clinical trials, program evaluation, population health planning, and assessments. Based on the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS for 2000–01, the HUI was used to measure the quality of life for individuals living with various chronic conditions (Alzheimer/other dementia, effects of stroke, urinary incontinence, arthritis/rheumatism, bowel disorder, cataracts, back problems, stomach/intestinal ulcers, emphysema/COPD, chronic bronchitis, epilepsy, heart disease, diabetes, migraine headaches, glaucoma, asthma, fibromyalgia, cancers, high blood pressure, multiple sclerosis, thyroid condition, and other remaining chronic diseases. Logistic Regression Model was employed to estimate the associations between the overall HUI scores and various chronic conditions. The HUI scores ranged from 0.00 (corresponding to a state close to death to 1.00 (corresponding to perfect health; negative scores reflect health states considered worse than death. The mean HUI score by sex and age group indicated the typical quality of life for persons with various chronic conditions. Logistic Regression results showed a strong relationship between low HUI scores (≤ 0.5 and 0.06

  20. W. Richard Scott, Institutions and Organizations: Ideas, Interests, and Identities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jakobsen, Michael

    2014-01-01

    Book review of: W. Richard Scott: Institutions and Organizations: Ideas, Interests, and Identities. 4th edition. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, 2014. xiii, 345 pp.......Book review of: W. Richard Scott: Institutions and Organizations: Ideas, Interests, and Identities. 4th edition. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, 2014. xiii, 345 pp....

  1. H.E. Mr Richard J. Fredericks, Ambassador of the United States of America to Switzerland

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loïez

    2001-01-01

    Photo 01 : Prof. L. Maiani, CERN Director-General, gives a piece of LHC super conducting wire to H.E. Mr. Richard J. Fredericks; Photo 02 : Prof. L. Maiani, CERN Director-General, Mr. Jan van der Boon, CERN Director of Administration and H.E. Mr. J. Richard Fredericks

  2. Richard Immink": 'Van tulp en lelie weten we nog steeds heel weinig'

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dwarswaard, A.

    2014-01-01

    Bijna twee jaar geleden werd prof. dr. ir. Richard Immink voor een dag in de week benoemd tot “bollenprof”. Samen met twee assistenten-in-opleiding voert hij fundamenteel onderzoek uit aan tulp en lelie. Tijd voor een tussenbalans in drie afleveringen. In deze eerste aflevering legt Richard Immink u

  3. Successful Partnering to Transform the College Library: An Interview with Richard Ekman

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hardesty, Larry; Ekman, Richard

    2004-01-01

    In recent years academic librarians have sought to partner with other organizations of higher education to establish areas of mutual interest and to work together to further these areas. Richard Ekman, as president of the Council of Independent Colleges (CIC), has involved librarians in various CIC programs. This past year, under Richard's…

  4. O Beethoven-Schrift: Richard Wagner teórico The Beethoven-Schrift: theoretical Richard Wagner

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henry Burnett

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Quando consideramos a extensão da obra dramática de Richard Wagner, não causa estranheza que seus textos teóricos sejam praticamente desconhecidos. No entanto, um de seus escritos, intitulado Beethoven, influenciou decisivamente a elaboração de um livro famoso, hoje considerado um capítulo importante da história da estética, O nascimento da tragédia. Este artigo pretende analisar este escrito de Wagner na intenção de desvendar o que pode ter sido tão determinante na leitura que Nietzsche fez dele, e que o levou ao ponto de citá-lo de modo efusivo no primeiro prefácio da sua obra de estréia, dedicado àquele que, até então, era seu grande mestre e amigo e, como veremos, uma influência não só musical, mas também teórica.If we consider the magnitude of the Richard Wagner's dramatic work, it will be not strange to realize that his theoretical texts are almost entirely unknown. However, one of his writings, entitled Beethoven, exercised decisive influence upon the composition of The birth of tragedy, a famous book regarded nowadays as an essential moment of the history of aesthetics. The purpose of this paper is to examine this Wagner's writing aiming to unriddle which determinative motive brought Nietzsche to mention it enthusiastically in the original foreword of his first work, dedicated to whom which, until that moment, were his master and friend and exercised upon him an influence both musical and theoretical.

  5. Next-generation sequencing improves thalassemia carrier screening among premarital adults in a high prevalence population: the Dai nationality, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Jing; Song, Wenhui; Yang, Jinlong; Lu, Sen; Yuan, Yuan; Guo, Junfu; Zhang, Jie; Ye, Kai; Yang, Fan; Long, Fangfang; Peng, Zhiyu; Yu, Haijing; Cheng, Le; Zhu, Baosheng

    2017-09-01

    Thalassemia is one of the most common monogenic diseases in southwestern China, especially among the Dai ethnic group. Here, we explore the feasibility of a next-generation sequencing (NGS) screening method specifically for the Dai people. Blood samples were obtained from Dai people for premarital screening. Double-blind, parallel hemoglobinopathy screening was conducted using both traditional hematological methods (red cell indexes and hemoglobin electrophoresis, then DNA sequencing) and an NGS approach. Among 951 tested individuals, we found a thalassemia carrier rate of 49.5% (471/951) using the NGS screen, in contrast to 22.0% (209/951) found using traditional methods. Almost 74.8% (217/290) of α-thalassemia carriers and 30.5% (25/82) of composite α- and β-thalassemia carriers were missed by traditional screens. The proportion of such α- and β-thalassemia carriers among the Dai people is 8.6% (82/951). For β-thalassemia carriers, the high ratio (66/99) of CD26 mutations may suggest a correlation between CD26 and the environmental adaption of the Dai people. Methodological comparisons demonstrate the superiority of NGS for both sensitivity and specificity, provide a comprehensive assessment of thalassemia screening strategies, and indicate that NGS is a competitive screening method, especially among populations with a high prevalence of disease.Genet Med advance online publication 26 January 2017.

  6. Service Infrastructure for Cross-Matching Distributed Datasets Using OGSA-DAI and TAP

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holliman, M.; Alemu, T.; Hume, A.; van Hemert, J.; Mann, R. G.; Noddle, K.; Valkonen, L.

    2011-07-01

    One of the most powerful and important goals for VO developers has been to enable cross-match queries between disparate datasets for end users. This has only been achieved within the VO using the early SkyNode infrastructure and has not been reproduced using current IVOA standards. To remedy that situation, the Wide Field Astronomy Unit (WFAU) has worked with the Edinburgh Parallel Computing Center (EPCC) in leveraging the OGSA-DAI grid middleware to enable cross catalog queries on distributed VO services. We have achieved this goal by building a three layer service stack that places the OGSA-DAI software above multiple individual services implementing the IVOA's new Table Access Protocol (TAP), and then a single TAP service is placed above this and presented to the end users. Users can then execute ADQL queries that cross-match between the disparate datasets as though they were in the same database with acceptable performance rates on the resulting data flow. The OGSA-DAI software is able to interrogate any compliant TAP service to acquire the necessary metadata for insertion into the single federated TAP service used for cross-match queries. We are currently testing this distributed infrastructure using the TAP services provided by WFAU for the UKIDSS DR3 and SDSS DR7 datasets in combination with the TAP service available from the Canadian Astronomy Data Center (this last without requiring any action from CADC staff). This forms the basis for a large-scale distributed data mining workflow and similar activities can be readily implemented as more TAP services come online. Future work will involve releasing this infrastructure to the greater astronomical community as an IVOA compliant service for users.

  7. « Comment le sais-tu ? ». La paralepse, aujourd’hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frank Wagner

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available À partir des définitions genettiennes de la paralepse (excès d’informations par rapport au code modal dominant, il s’agit de cerner les usages et les fonctions du procédé dans la littérature narrative d’aujourd’hui, en relation homo- ou hétérodiégétique, en régime fictionnel ou semi-fictionnel. Des exemples prélevés dans divers récits contemporains (de Roegiers, Toussaint, Carrère, Echenoz permettent de constater que la paralepse assure un renouvellement du soupçon à l’époque actuelle, en jouant un rôle de révélateur épistémologique. En effet, ce procédé narratif paradoxal engage une réflexion en acte sur la fiction, son perspectivisme, ses capacités de modélisation, et ses pouvoirs heuristiques.Based upon Gerard Genette’s definitions of paralepsis, (information exceeding that normally offered by the dominant mode of narrative focalisation, this article seeks to outline the uses and functions of the device in contemporary narrative literature, through its homo and heterodiegetic positioning in both fictional and semi-fictional texts. Examples taken from a variety of contemporary stories (Roegiers, Toussaint, Carrère, Echenoz allow us to see that paralepsis plays a role of epistemological indicator, facilitating a contemporary renewal of suspicion (le soupçon concerning narration. In fact, this paradoxical narrative device brings about a reflection upon fiction, its perspectivism, its modelling capabilities and heuristic capacities.

  8. Impact of "Grain to Green" Programme on echinococcosis infection in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region of China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cleary, Eimear; Barnes, Tamsin S; Xu, Yangyang; Zhao, Hengbo; Clements, Archie C A; Gray, Darren J; McManus, Donald P; Atkinson, Jo-An M; Williams, Gail M; Yang, YuRong

    2014-10-15

    Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is endemic among the human population of Xiji County, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China, where the prevalence is estimated to be between 2.2% and 3.6%. Government-run sheep abattoirs in Xiji County have closed in recent years and, as a consequence, slaughter is carried out mostly at rural market places. The market place in Xinglong Township, Xiji County, is home to an increasing number of stray dogs and the lack of government control over slaughter practices potentially favours Echinococcus granulosus transmission. A survey of sheep, goats and cattle reared in Xiji County was conducted in Xinglong Market and Xinglong Township to determine prevalence and transmission dynamics of E. granulosus infection. The liver and lungs of all livestock aged one year and older were examined macroscopically post mortem; visual examination and palpation of organs determined overall prevalence of E. granulosus. Cysts consistent in appearance with E. granulosus were observed in 2/184 sheep (prevalence 1.0%) and 1/55 of the cattle examined (prevalence 1.8%); 0/13 goats were found to be infected. However, microscopic examination of these suspected cysts failed to confirm these samples as E. granulosus, giving a prevalence of confirmed infection of zero percent in all three species. The prevalence of liver fluke was 61.3% in sheep and 12.7% in cattle with a significant difference between males and females (p ≤ 0.001). Considering the high prevalence of echinococcosis in the local human population, the absence of CE observed among commercially slaughtered livestock was surprising. Several explanations for this discrepancy and their implications are proposed.

  9. [Carbon sequestration status of forest ecosystems in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Yang; Jin, Jing-Wei; Cheng, Ji-Min; Su, Ji-Shuai; Zhu, Ren-Bin; Ma, Zheng-Rui; Liu, Wei

    2014-03-01

    Based on the data of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region forest resources inventory, field investigation and laboratory analysis, this paper studied the carbon sequestration status of forest ecosystems in Ningxia region, estimated the carbon density and storage of forest ecosystems, and analyzed their spatial distribution characteristics. The results showed that the biomass of each forest vegetation component was in the order of arbor layer (46.64 Mg x hm(-2)) > litterfall layer (7.34 Mg x hm(-2)) > fine root layer (6.67 Mg x hm(-2)) > shrub-grass layer (0.73 Mg x hm(-2)). Spruce (115.43 Mg x hm(-2)) and Pinus tabuliformis (94.55 Mg x hm(-2)) had higher vegetation biomasses per unit area than other tree species. Over-mature forest had the highest arbor carbon density among the forests with different ages. However, the young forest had the highest arbor carbon storage (1.90 Tg C) due to its widest planted area. Overall, the average carbon density of forest ecosystems in Ningxia region was 265.74 Mg C x hm(-2), and the carbon storage was 43.54 Tg C. Carbon density and storage of vegetation were 27.24 Mg C x hm(-2) and 4.46 Tg C, respectively. Carbon storage in the soil was 8.76 times of that in the vegetation. In the southern part of Ningxia region, the forest carbon storage was higher than in the northern part, where the low C storage was mainly related to the small forest area and young forest age structure. With the improvement of forest age structure and the further implementation of forestry ecoengineering, the forest ecosystems in Ningxia region would achieve a huge carbon sequestration potential.

  10. Detection of radioxenon in Darwin, Australia following the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant accident.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orr, Blake; Schöppner, Michael; Tinker, Rick; Plastino, Wolfango

    2013-12-01

    A series of (133)Xe detections in April 2011 made at the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organisation (CTBTO) International Monitoring System noble gas station in Darwin, Australia, were analysed to determine the most likely source location. Forward and backwards atmospheric transport modelling simulations using FLEXPART were conducted. It was shown that the most likely source location was the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant accident. Other potential sources in the southern hemisphere were analysed, including the Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (ANSTO) radiopharmaceutical facility, but it was shown that sources originating from these locations were highly unlikely to be the source of the observed (133)Xe Darwin detections.

  11. Radioiodine in the atmosphere after the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear accident.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lebel, Luke S; Dickson, Raymond S; Glowa, Glenn A

    2016-01-01

    About 160 PBq of (131)I was released into the atmosphere during the accident at the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant. The chemistry of radioiodine is complicated, and it can be released in several different forms. In addition, the different physical forms, like molecular iodine, aerosol-form iodine, or organic iodine, would have all behaved differently once in the atmosphere, and would have been removed at different rates. These releases were detected by monitoring stations throughout Japan, and from these measurements, key insights can be made about the different chemical forms that were released, as well as the persistence of each in the environment.

  12. 75 FR 53730 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Richard Hawkins-Third Mind”

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-01

    ... Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Richard Hawkins--Third Mind'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of... determine that the objects to be included in the exhibition ``Richard Hawkins--Third Mind,'' imported...

  13. Transcendence, Taxis, Trust: Richard Kearney and Jacques Derrida

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ulrich Schmiedel

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Whatever else it takes to drive a taxi, it takes trust. Day after day, the driver has to decide whether the other is or is not trustworthy. I take the taxi as a test case to analyze and assess Richard Kearney’s diacritical hermeneutics of the other. I argue that Kearney functionalizes the concept of transcendence in order to connect the transcendence of the finite other to the transcendence of the infinite other. However, in his central critique of the deconstructionists following Jacques Derrida, Kearney counters his connection. While Kearney’s critique of Derrida’s account of absolute alterity is correct and compelling, I argue that Derrida’s critique of a distinction between the trustworthy other and the non-trustworthy other might be more crucial than Kearney contends. Insisting on openness to the other’s otherness, Derrida provokes any hermeneutic of the other to trust in transcendence. The taxi is taken as a test to illustrate the implications which diacritical and deconstructive drivers might have for evaluating the entanglement of ethics and eschatology—inside and outside the taxi.

  14. Saxon Obsequies: the Early Medieval Archaeology of Richard Cornwallis Neville

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Howard Williams

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates the origins of British Anglo-Saxon archaeology by focusing on the work of one early Victorian archaeologist: Richard Cornwallis Neville. The seemingly descriptive and parochial nature of Neville’s archaeological pursuits, together with the attention he afforded to Romano-British remains, has impeded due recognition, and critical scrutiny, of his contributions to the development of early Medieval burial archaeology. Using his archaeological publications as source material, I will show how Neville’s interpretations of Saxon graves were a form of memory work, defining his personal, familial and martial identity in relation to the landscape and locality of his aristocratic home at Audley End, near Saffron Walden, Essex. Subsequently, I argue that Neville’s prehistoric and Romano-British discoveries reveal his repeated concern with the end of Roman Britain and its barbarian successors. Finally, embodied within Neville’s descriptions of early Medieval graves and their location we can identify a pervasive Anglo-Saxonism. Together these strands of argument combine to reveal how, for Neville, Saxon graves constituted a hitherto unwritten first chapter of English history that could be elucidated through material culture and landscape.

  15. Novelty, Pattern, and Force in Richard Powers’s 'Orfeo'

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kathryn Hume

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Richard Powers’s 'Orfeo' pits novelty against familiar pattern, and explores the destructive effects of forcing something new to fit known patterns in art, science, and politics. The protagonist’s dedication to writing truly new music wrecks his marriage and damages his personal life. His tinkering with novelty in bacterial genes will apparently get him killed by the police. Powers has argued in 'The Gold Bug Variations' that the point of science is wonder, not control. Powers embodies this tension between novelty and known pattern by imposing the Orpheus myth on a composer for whom traditional patterns are anathema. Further, by embedding a radical political protest within a well-known myth, Powers demonstrates in his own writing the presentation of the new within recognizable older patterns, the tactic that protagonist Peter Els could have tried with his music if he had hoped to develop an audience. On the political level, Powers equates oppressive police power with forcing unusual people to fit a narrow range of behavior and belief patterns.

  16. Juvenile Cosmology; Or Richard Powers’ Post-Global Doughnut

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Judith Roof

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Le roman de Richard Powers, Operation Wandering Soul (1993, présente le lien subtil qui associe un mondialisme déjà usé et vieillissant à l’enfant perçu comme catégorie dominante. Comme les faces serpentines d’un ruban de Möbius lové autour de l’illimité et de l’intemporel, le texte, tendu entre ses deux infinis – l’univers et l’enfant – révise la portée, la conception, la structure et le style du genre romanesque. Délaissant Aristote pour Einstein, Operation Wandering Soul se place sur le terrain de la cosmologie. Le récit, qui rassemble la kyrielle des grands ralliements juvéniles et leurs vains pèlerinages, concentre l’espace-temps dans une présentation qui évoque la « somme des histoires » de Richard Feynman. La contraction de l’espace-temps opérée par le roman ne fait pas de celui-ci un hymne simpliste au global (catégorie déjà aussi datée que celle des malheureux vétérans du Vietnam, mais capte au contraire la conscience grandissante d’une existence sans origine qui s’étend à perte de vue au-delà de ses coordonnées supposées. Le roman s’enroule sur lui-même tout en s’épanchant au dehors, boucle ses cadres et ses détours tout en desserrant leur emprise. Il fait tourner la roue de ses récits comme des planètes en rotation, la ronde d’un système solaire, le tourbillon d’une galaxie. La conscience que présente Operation Wandering Soul ne se résume donc pas au seul point de vue de l’âme errante qu’est le personnage de Kraft, mais consiste en la somme de tous les temps et de tous les lieux, de leurs strates accumulées comme une conscience en acte, complexe et tissée de réseaux, qui n’appartient à personne et est partagée par tous. Cette accumulation organise le jeu des perspectives multiples qui instaurent l’acte de lecture et sont instaurées par lui. À cet égard, lire constitue ici une physique des oubliés.Richard Powers’ novel Operation Wandering

  17. [Richard Arwed Pfeifer. Aesthetics of "schizophrenic art" and brain research].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Somburg, O; Steinberg, H

    2008-11-01

    This paper concentrates on two aspects of the work of Leipzig brain researcher Richard Arwed Pfeifer (1877-1957). It has been little known that Pfeifer, like Prinzhorn, collected paintings by his schizophrenic patients. In works about these paintings, he tried to decipher their specific attraction and the possibility of differentiating artworks of sane artists from those of insane ones. From experimental research he concluded that the "demonic element" was of utmost importance, which however could temporarily be brought about by sane artists too. Trained in medicine and psychology by Wundt, Flechsig, and Niessl von Mayendorf, Pfeifer was appointed as the first associate professor of brain research in Germany in 1927. Until now he has been appreciated for reestablishing the angioarchitecture of the brain, mainly due to his works on the distribution of capillaries in the brain achieved by a particular method of injection which he developed. Moreover he contributed new findings on the interrelations of the capillaries and thus finally disproved the existence of so-called terminal arteries of Cohnheim.

  18. Shakespeare's Richard III and Macbeth: A Foucauldian Reading

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zohreh Ramin

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Reading for signs of power and its function in the world of Shakespeare's plays under the light of Michel Foucault reveals to be in stark contrast from traditional notions of the operation of power. An important Renaissance critic, E. M. Tillyard, has declared that Shakespeare's plays reflect faithfully the Elizabethan world order, remaining loyal to the hierarchical concept of power and its function in Elizabethan England. Such readings engage mainly with the protagonist of the plays, revealing the various aspects in which the world of the play moves toward order and harmony. A Foucauldian reading of the plays however is able to unveil more than merely a one-dimensional reflection of power structures of the society of the time. By focusing on Foucault's notion of power relations at work in the society and also his emphasis on the marginalized aspects, this study aims to reveal how power relations in the two plays under consideration, Richard III and Macbeth, can reveal versatile experiences.

  19. Perception of Leitmotives in Richard Wagner's Der Ring des Nibelungen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, David J; Müllensiefen, Daniel

    2017-01-01

    The music of Richard Wagner tends to generate very diverse judgments indicative of the complex relationship between listeners and the sophisticated musical structures in Wagner's music. This paper presents findings from two listening experiments using the music from Wagner's Der Ring des Nibelungen that explores musical as well as individual listener parameters to better understand how listeners are able to hear leitmotives, a compositional device closely associated with Wagner's music. Results confirm findings from a previous experiment showing that specific expertise with Wagner's music can account for a greater portion of the variance in an individual's ability to recognize and remember musical material compared to measures of generic musical training. Results also explore how acoustical distance of the leitmotives affects memory recognition using a chroma similarity measure. In addition, we show how characteristics of the compositional structure of the leitmotives contributes to their salience and memorability. A final model is then presented that accounts for the aforementioned individual differences factors, as well as parameters of musical surface and structure. Our results suggest that that future work in music perception may consider both individual differences variables beyond musical training, as well as symbolic features and audio commonly used in music information retrieval in order to build robust models of musical perception and cognition.

  20. Liberalismo e ironía en Richard Rorty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camila Gamboa-Tapias

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available El planteamiento teórico de Richard Rorty acerca de las culturas liberales como comunidades conscientes de su contingencia histórica, pero también capaces de unirse en un proyecto público de solidaridad humana, constituye una importante propuesta que enriquece la discusión política en la actualidad. Su postura democrática antifundamentalista, su intento de reconciliar lo público con lo privado no mediante la  filosofía, sino a través de la literatura, así como su ironismo para evadir o rechazar debates tradicionales entre los filósofos, lo convierten en un pensador polémico e interesante. En este escrito se analizarán los conceptos rortianos de ironía individual, crítica literaria, comunidad liberal y solidaridad que tienen relevancia  en el campo de la teoría política y la moral.

  1. 2015 AMCA Memorial Lecture Honoree: Dr. Richard Floyd Darsie, Jr.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Day, Jonathan F

    2015-12-01

    Richard Floyd Darsie, Jr. (1915-2014) is the 2015 American Mosquito Control Association Memorial Lecture Honoree. He was one of the greatest mosquito taxonomists of the 20th century and died peacefully on April 10, 2014, in Grove City, PA, at the age of 99 after a professional career that spanned eight decades. Dick's broad areas of interest and training made him a versatile scientist, teacher, and researcher. His intense interest in adult and immature mosquito morphology and taxonomy, as well as mosquito distribution and bionomics, started early in his career at two early academic postings: Franklin and Marshall College (1949-54) and the University of Delaware (1954-62). Dick would take his mosquito interests with him to postings and research projects around the world: Nepal, the Philippines, Atlanta, El Salvador, Guatemala, Fort Collins, South Carolina, Argentina, and Florida. His travels and studies would make him an international expert on mosquito taxonomy. Dick's legacy lives on in the hundreds of students from across the globe who learned mosquito identification skills from this world-renowned mosquito taxonomist. All will proudly profess that, "I learned mosquito identification from Dr. Darsie." And that is all that is needed to prove one's credentials in the field, learning the art from the best there is.

  2. Perception of Leitmotives in Richard Wagner's Der Ring des Nibelungen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David J. Baker

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available The music of Richard Wagner tends to generate very diverse judgments indicative of the complex relationship between listeners and the sophisticated musical structures in Wagner's music. This paper presents findings from two listening experiments using the music from Wagner's Der Ring des Nibelungen that explores musical as well as individual listener parameters to better understand how listeners are able to hear leitmotives, a compositional device closely associated with Wagner's music. Results confirm findings from a previous experiment showing that specific expertise with Wagner's music can account for a greater portion of the variance in an individual's ability to recognize and remember musical material compared to measures of generic musical training. Results also explore how acoustical distance of the leitmotives affects memory recognition using a chroma similarity measure. In addition, we show how characteristics of the compositional structure of the leitmotives contributes to their salience and memorability. A final model is then presented that accounts for the aforementioned individual differences factors, as well as parameters of musical surface and structure. Our results suggest that that future work in music perception may consider both individual differences variables beyond musical training, as well as symbolic features and audio commonly used in music information retrieval in order to build robust models of musical perception and cognition.

  3. Genetic diversity and haplotype structure of 24 Y-chromosomal STR in Chinese Hui ethnic group and its genetic relationships with other populations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Bo-Feng; Zhang, Yu-Dang; Liu, Wen-Juan; Meng, Hao-Tian; Yuan, Guo-Lian; Lv, Zhe; Dong, Nan; Li, Qiong; Yang, Chun-Hua; Zhang, Yu-Hong; Hou, Yin-Ling; Qian, Li; Fan, Shuan-Liang; Xu, Peng

    2014-07-01

    In the present study, 24 Y-chromosomal short tandem repeat (Y-STR) loci were analyzed in 115 unrelated Hui male individuals from Haiyuan county or Tongxin county, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China, to evaluate the forensic application of the 24 STR loci and to analyze interpopulation differentiations by making comparisons between the Hui group data and previously published data of other 13 populations. A total of 115 different haplotypes were observed on these 24 Y-STR loci. The gene diversities ranged from 0.4049 (DYS437) to 0.9729 (DYS385a, b). The overall haplotype diversity was 1 at AGCU 24 Y-STR loci level, while the values were reduced to 0.999237, 0.996949, and 0.996644 at the Y-filer 17 loci, 11 Y-STR loci of extended haplotype and 9 Y-STR loci of minimal haplotype levels, respectively; whereas, haplotype diversity for additional 7 loci (not included in Y-filer 17 loci) was 0.995271. The pairwise FST , multidimensional scaling plot and neighbor-joining tree indicated the Hui group had the closest genetic relationship with Sala in the paternal lineage in the present study. In summary, the results in our study indicated the 24 Y-STRs had a high level of polymorphism in Hui group and hence could be a powerful tool for forensic application and population genetic study.

  4. Análise da reprodutibilidade dos índices DAI e IOTN em um cenário brasileiro

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    p.785-792 O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a capacidade dos índices DAI e IOTN em predizer a necessidade de tratamento ortodôntico baseado em uma propriedade: reprodutibilidade. O índice DAI foi desenvolvido nos Estados Unidos (1989) e identifica dez alterações oclusais que resultam, matematicamente, em escores, com pesos específicos baseados em um determinado grau de importância de acordo com o julgamento de pessoas leigas. O IOTN foi desenvolvido na Inglaterra ( 1989) e possui um comp...

  5. Identification of a high frequency transposon induced by tissue culture, nDaiZ, a member of the hAT family in rice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Jian; Zhang, Kewei; Shen, Yi; Huang, Zejun; Li, Ming; Tang, Ding; Gu, Minghong; Cheng, Zhukuan

    2009-03-01

    Recent completion of rice genome sequencing has revealed that more than 40% of its genome consists of repetitive sequences, and most of them are related to inactive transposable elements. In the present study, a transposable element, nDaiZ0, which is induced by tissue culture with high frequency, was identified by sequence analysis of an allelic line of the golden hull and internode 2 (gh2) mutant, which was integrated into the forth exon of GH2. The 528-bp nDaiZ0 has 14-bp terminal inverted repeats (TIRs), and generates an 8-bp duplication of its target sites (TSD) during its mobilization. nDaiZs are non-autonomous transposons and have no coding capacity. Bioinformatics analysis and southern blot hybridization showed that at least 16 copies of nDaiZ elements exist in the japonica cultivar Nipponbare genome and 11 copies in the indica cultivar 93-11 genome. During tissue culture, only one copy, nDaiZ9, located on chromosome 5 in the genome of Nipponbare can be activated with its transposable frequency reaching 30%. However, nDaiZ9 was not present in the 93-11 genome. The larger elements, DaiZs, were further identified by database searching using nDaiZ0 as a query because they share similar TIRs and subterminal sequences. DaiZ can also generate an 8-bp TSD. DaiZ elements contain a conserved region with a high similarity to the hAT dimerization motif, suggesting that the nDaiZ-DaiZ transposon system probably belongs to the hAT superfamily of class II transposons. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that it is a new type of plant hAT-like transposon. Although nDaiZ is activated by tissue culture, the high transposable frequency indicates that it could become a useful gene tagging system for rice functional genomic studies. In addition, the mechanism of the high transposable ability of nDaiZ9 is discussed.

  6. FUKUSHIMA DAI-ICHI ACCIDENT: LESSONS LEARNED AND FUTURE ACTIONS FROM THE RISK PERSPECTIVES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JOON-EON YANG

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The Fukushima Dai-Ichi accident in 2011 has affected various aspects of the nuclear society worldwide. The accident revealed some problems in the conventional approaches used to ensure the safety of nuclear installations. To prevent such disastrous accidents in the future, we have to learn from them and improve the conventional approaches in a more systematic manner. In this paper, we will cover three issues. The first is to identify the key issues that affected the progress of the Fukushima Dai-Ichi accident greatly. We examine the accident from a defense-in-depth point of view to identify such issues. The second is to develop a more systematic approach to enhance the safety of nuclear installations. We reexamine nuclear safety from a risk point of view. We use the concepts of residual and unknown risks in classifying the risk space. All possible accident scenarios types are reviewed to clarify the characteristics of the identified issues. An approach is proposed to improve our conventional approaches used to ensure nuclear safety including the design of safety features and the safety assessments from a risk point of view. Finally, we address some issues to be improved in the conventional risk assessment and management framework and/or practices to enhance nuclear safety.

  7. 2011 Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant accident: summary of regional radioactive deposition monitoring results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirose, Katsumi

    2012-09-01

    After the Great East Japan Earthquake and resulting Tsunami on March 11, 2011, serious accident of the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant has been occurred. Huge amounts of radionuclides were released in atmosphere and ocean. Japanese prefectural governments have carried out environmental radioactivity monitoring; external dose rate, radioactivity measurements in environmental samples and others. Since March 18, 2011, daily and monthly deposition samples were collected in 45 stations covering Japanese Islands and radionuclides in the deposition samples were determined. We summarize radioactive deposition data reported by Japanese Government and study the depositional behaviors of the Fukushima-derived radionuclides. The results revealed that Fukushima-derived radioactive cloud dominantly affected in the central and eastern part of Honshu-Island, although it affected all of Japanese land area and also western North Pacific. The temporal change of the Fukushima-derived (137)Cs revealed that the apparent atmospheric residence time of the Fukushima-derived (137)Cs in sites within 300 km from the Fukushima Dai-ichi NPPis about 10 d.

  8. PROMINENT PERSONNEL YIN Hui-jin(殷惠军)——An Outstanding Cardiologist of Integrative Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ Prof.YIN Hui-jin,Ph.D.,male,was born on March 26,1971 in Ningxia.He graduated from Ningxia Medical College in 1994 with a 5-year course and got a bachelor degree,and then further studied in Heilongjiang University of Traditional Chinese Medicine from 1994 to 2000 for master and Ph.D.degrees.And then he worked in postdoctoral mobile working station of Open Laboratory of Heredity and Molecule Development Biology of China Academy of Science from 2000 to 2002.

  9. Sur l’emploi des toponymes du Kosovo-Metohija en français d’aujourd’hui

    OpenAIRE

    Stanković Selena

    2015-01-01

    Dans cet article, nous analysons l’emploi des noms de lieux du Kosovo-Metohija en langue française depuis la fin du XXe siècle jusqu’à aujourd’hui. La période citée se caractérise par un vaste usage de l’albanais et de l’anglais et par un usage très réduit du serbe dans la communication publique et officielle au Kosovo-Metohija. Les instances internationales admettent le changement de désignations toponymiques et la suppression des noms basés sur un context...

  10. Transaction Pattern Based on Secondary Clientelism, Business Ideology and Market Development: The case of lime market in Hui Town

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Secondary clientelism is a special exchange relationship derived from primary clientelism. The market with transactions dependent on the secondary clientelism would be”because of”erembeddedness”. Using the lime market in Hui Town as a case, this paper tries to explore why this kind of markets could achieve market order from the perspective of the interconnection of market structure and market culture. Analysis demonstrates that, the coupling induction of structural embeddedness and cultural embeddedness is the deeper mechanism for the market development. Although the new business ideology and transactional dependence on networks originate from market structural transitions, active construction and choice behaviors of the manufacturers still manifest great importance.

  11. Failed Mothers, Monster Sons. Reading Shakespeare’S Richard Iii as a Fairy Tale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Percec Dana

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The paper looks at Shakespeare’s historical play Richard III and its fairy tale-like character given by the configuration of the main character as an arch-villain and the presence of motifs and patterns typically associated with the fairy tale genre. More specifically, it considers the mother-son relationship between the Duchess of York and Richard in the light of the motif of monstrous birth. It is not a coincidence that the emergence of such motifs coincides with the historical contexts of the early modern period. Reading Richard III in this key is related to the revisionist approach to chronicle plays.

  12. 明清徽州火灾及徽商的救助%Fire Disasters in Hui Region and Hui Business People’ s Relief in Ming and Qing Dynasties

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    骆辉仔

    2014-01-01

    The fire disasters in Hui region are usually seasonal and regional though it may caused by people or nature .The fire disaster here is partly due to its own characters .The busi-ness people of Hui were humanistic and often provided aid for precaution and relief after disas -ters and therefore ease the disasters .%徽州地区的火灾具有季节集中性和地点集中性,发生的原因有人为的,也有自然的。由于徽州地区自身因素,徽州火灾的危害也极为严重。然而,具有儒士品格的徽商在火灾发生之前的预防举措和灾后的救助,使这里的火灾受害程度得以减轻。徽商对徽州地区火灾救助给予了很大的帮助。

  13. A Novel Pharmacological Method to Study the Chinese Medicinal Formula Hua-Zheng-Hui-Sheng-Dan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rui Cao

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives. Hua-Zheng-Hui-Sheng-Dan (HZHSD was used as an experimental model to explore research methods of large formulae in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM using current molecular biology approaches. Materials and Methods. The trypan blue exclusion assay was used to determine cell viability and cell numbers. Flow cytometry was used to assess cell cycle distribution and apoptosis. The concentration of cyclin D1 was analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The median effect principle was used in drug combination studies. An orthogonal experimental design was used to estimate the effects of each herb at different concentrations. The HeLa xenograft mouse model was used to compare the antitumor activity of drugs in vivo. Results. Among the 35 herbs that comprise HZHSD, Radix Rehmanniae Preparata (RRP, Caesalpinia sappan (CS, Evodia rutaecarpa (ER, Folium Artemisiae Argyi (FAA, Leonurus japonicus Houtt (LJH, Tumeric (Tu, Radix Paeoniae Alba (RPA, and Trogopterus Dung (TD effectively inhibited the proliferation of HeLa and SKOV3 cells. Only RRR had an effect on HeLa and SKOV3 cell viability. According to the median effect principle, Angelica sinensis (Oliv. (AS, Tabanus (Ta, and Pollen Typhae (PT, which were proven to have a significant synergistic inhibitory effect on the proliferation of HeLa cells, were added to the original eight positive herbs. The combination of RPA and AS had a synergistic effect on inducing cell cycle S phase arrest and decreasing intracellular cyclin D1 in HeLa cells. By orthogonal experimental design, LJH and Tu were considered unnecessary herbs. The small formula (SHZHSD consisted of RPA, AS, RRR, Ta., TD, PT, ER, CS, and FAA and was able to inhibit cell proliferation and induce cell apoptosis. The antitumor effects of HZHSD and SHZHSD were also compared in vivo. Conclusions. Through molecular biology approaches both in vitro and in vivo, research into single drugs, and analysis using the median effect principle

  14. The Crumbling Two-Story Architecture of Richard Powers’ Fictions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas B. Byers

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available L’alternance de deux récits différents au sein d’une même narration constitue l’une des marques les plus saillantes de la technique narrative de Richard Powers. Cependant, les rapports qu’entretiennent ces deux récits varient sensiblement d’un roman à l’autre. Ils peuvent, d’un point de vue diégétique, reposer sur un même personnage, comme dans Galatea 2.2, ou sur la rencontre ponctuelle de divers protagonistes, comme dans The Echo Maker. Il arrive aussi qu’ils explorent un enchaînement présumé de cause à effet, comme dans Gain. Plus radicalement, dans Plowing the Dark, les deux récits paraissent tisser des liens essentiellement métaphoriques qui excluent plus ou moins toute idée de métonymie. Sur le plan de la signification, les deux récits semblent parfois former une unité lorsque combinaisons, parallèles et oppositions font se lever entre eux des rapports dialectiques. Ce travail met en évidence, dans plusieurs romans de Powers, les diverses permutations de cette structure à double récit et tente de cerner ce qui pourrait en constituer le « reste », élément irréductible à toute unité thématique ou artistique. Si un tel reste existe, quel sens pourrait-il alors revêtir ?A prominent characteristic of Richard Powers’ technique is that his novels generally proceed by the alternating narration of two different stories. The relations of one story to another vary quite widely, however. On the diegetic level, the two may have a common protagonist, as in Galatea 2.2; or they may concern the different but circumstantially intersecting lives of disparate figures, as in The Echo Maker; or they may explore a possible chain of cause and effect, as in Gain. Most radically, in Plowing the Dark, their relation seems to be more or less purely metaphoric, with little or no metonymic connection at all. On the level of meaning, the two stories may seem to form unities by operating in conjunction or parallel or

  15. Solving Richards Equation for snow improves snowpack meltwater runoff estimations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Wever

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The runoff from the snow cover during spring snow melt or rain-on-snow events is an important factor in the hydrological cycle. In this study, water transport schemes for a 1-dimensional physical based snowpack model are compared to 14 yr of lysimeter measurements at a high alpine site. The schemes include a simple bucket-type approach, an approximation of Richards Equation (RE, and the full RE. The results show that daily sums of runoff are strongly related to a positive energy balance of the snow cover and therefore, all water transport schemes show very similar performance in terms of Nash–Sutcliffe efficiency (NSE coefficients (around 0.59 and r2 values (around 0.77. Timing of the arrival of meltwater in spring at the bottom of the snowpack showed differences between the schemes, where especially in the bucket-type and approximated RE approach, meltwater release is slower than in the measurements. Overall, solving RE for the snow cover yields the best agreement between modelled and measured runoff. On sub-daily time scales, the water transport schemes behave very differently. Also here, solving RE provides the highest agreement between modelled and measured runoff in terms of NSE coefficient (0.48, where other water transport schemes loose any predictive power. This appears to be mainly due to bad timing of meltwater release during the day. Accordingly, solving RE for the snow cover improves several aspects of modelling snow cover runoff. The additional computational cost was found to be in the order of a factor of 1.5.

  16. Stand diameter distribution modelling and prediction based on Richards function.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ai-guo Duan

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to introduce application of the Richards equation on modelling and prediction of stand diameter distribution. The long-term repeated measurement data sets, consisted of 309 diameter frequency distributions from Chinese fir (Cunninghamia lanceolata plantations in the southern China, were used. Also, 150 stands were used as fitting data, the other 159 stands were used for testing. Nonlinear regression method (NRM or maximum likelihood estimates method (MLEM were applied to estimate the parameters of models, and the parameter prediction method (PPM and parameter recovery method (PRM were used to predict the diameter distributions of unknown stands. Four main conclusions were obtained: (1 R distribution presented a more accurate simulation than three-parametric Weibull function; (2 the parameters p, q and r of R distribution proved to be its scale, location and shape parameters, and have a deep relationship with stand characteristics, which means the parameters of R distribution have good theoretical interpretation; (3 the ordinate of inflection point of R distribution has significant relativity with its skewness and kurtosis, and the fitted main distribution range for the cumulative diameter distribution of Chinese fir plantations was 0.4∼0.6; (4 the goodness-of-fit test showed diameter distributions of unknown stands can be well estimated by applying R distribution based on PRM or the combination of PPM and PRM under the condition that only quadratic mean DBH or plus stand age are known, and the non-rejection rates were near 80%, which are higher than the 72.33% non-rejection rate of three-parametric Weibull function based on the combination of PPM and PRM.

  17. Stand diameter distribution modelling and prediction based on Richards function.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duan, Ai-guo; Zhang, Jian-guo; Zhang, Xiong-qing; He, Cai-yun

    2013-01-01

    The objective of this study was to introduce application of the Richards equation on modelling and prediction of stand diameter distribution. The long-term repeated measurement data sets, consisted of 309 diameter frequency distributions from Chinese fir (Cunninghamia lanceolata) plantations in the southern China, were used. Also, 150 stands were used as fitting data, the other 159 stands were used for testing. Nonlinear regression method (NRM) or maximum likelihood estimates method (MLEM) were applied to estimate the parameters of models, and the parameter prediction method (PPM) and parameter recovery method (PRM) were used to predict the diameter distributions of unknown stands. Four main conclusions were obtained: (1) R distribution presented a more accurate simulation than three-parametric Weibull function; (2) the parameters p, q and r of R distribution proved to be its scale, location and shape parameters, and have a deep relationship with stand characteristics, which means the parameters of R distribution have good theoretical interpretation; (3) the ordinate of inflection point of R distribution has significant relativity with its skewness and kurtosis, and the fitted main distribution range for the cumulative diameter distribution of Chinese fir plantations was 0.4∼0.6; (4) the goodness-of-fit test showed diameter distributions of unknown stands can be well estimated by applying R distribution based on PRM or the combination of PPM and PRM under the condition that only quadratic mean DBH or plus stand age are known, and the non-rejection rates were near 80%, which are higher than the 72.33% non-rejection rate of three-parametric Weibull function based on the combination of PPM and PRM.

  18. Desire and the Other in Richard Yates's Revolutionary Road

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ljubica Matek

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Richard Yates’s novel Revolutionary Road did not receive much academic attention despite the fact that it is an exceptionally refined and capturing piece of fiction. It was critically acclaimed following its publication in 1961, nominated for the National Book Award in 1962 and then forgotten. Not surprisingly, the novel was “rediscovered” once a movie adaptation was made in 2008. Revolutionary Road is typically read – quite expectedly – as a story of suburban malaise and a critique of the American (suburban life in the 1950s. However, in an interview, published in Ploughshares in 1972, Yates stated that although he intended the novel to be an indictment of American life in the 1950s because of a general lust for conformity (DeWitt and Clark 66, he never planned the novel to be anti-suburban in any way. On the contrary, he hoped to make it implicit in the text that he is writing about a particular couple, the Wheelers, and what turns out to be specifically “their delusion, their problem” (DeWitt and Clark 66. In that sense, the novel should be read as a psychological exploration of the universal issues of human desire and the relationship of the individual to the pre-established (social system in which he or she lives. Consequently, it becomes clear that Yates’s novel hardly represents an indictment of a way of life, but quite the opposite: an indictment of the individual unable to adapt to the demands of the Other. In Lacanian terms, Revolutionary Road is a story about the unattainable desire to create one’s identity regardless or in spite of the socially constructed Symbolic order.

  19. AD-1 with research pilot Richard E. Gray

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-01-01

    Standing in front of the AD-1 Oblique Wing research aircraft is research pilot Richard E. Gray. Richard E. Gray joined National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Johnson Space Center, Houston, Texas, in November 1978, as an aerospace research pilot. In November 1981, Dick joined the NASA's Ames-Dryden Flight Research Facility, Edwards, California, as a research pilot. Dick was a former Co-op at the NASA Flight Research Center (a previous name of the Ames-Dryden Flight Research Facility), serving as an Operations Engineer. At Ames-Dryden, Dick was a pilot for the F-14 Aileron Rudder Interconnect Program, AD-1 Oblique Wing Research Aircraft, F-8 Digital Fly-By-Wire and Pilot Induced Oscillations investigations. He also flew the F-104, T-37, and the F-15. On November 8, 1982, Gray was fatally injured in a T-37 jet aircraft while making a pilot proficiency flight. Dick graduated with a Bachelors degree in Aeronautical Engineering from San Jose State University in 1969. He joined the U.S. Navy in July 1969, becoming a Naval Aviator in January 1971, when he was assigned to F-4 Phantoms at Naval Air Station (NAS) Miramar, California. In 1972, he flew 48 combat missions in Vietnam in F-4s with VF-111 aboard the USS Coral Sea. After making a second cruise in 1973, Dick was assigned to Air Test and Evaluation Squadron Four (VX-4) at NAS Point Mugu, California, as a project pilot on various operational test and evaluation programs. In November 1978, Dick retired from the Navy and joined NASA's Johnson Space Center. At JSC Gray served as chief project pilot on the WB-57F high-altitude research projects and as the prime television chase pilot in a T-38 for the landing portion of the Space Shuttle orbital flight tests. Dick had over 3,000 hours in more than 30 types of aircraft, an airline transport rating, and 252 carrier arrested landings. He was a member of the Society of Experimental Test Pilots serving on the Board of Directors as Southwest Section Technical Adviser in

  20. Brig. Gen. Richard F. Abel and Col. Natan J. Lindsay answering questions

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-01-01

    Brigadier General Richard F. Abel, right, director of public affairs for the Air Force, and Colonel Nathan J. Lindsay of the USAF's space division, answer questions concerning STS-4 during a press conference at JSC on May 20, 1982.

  1. "More Rain and Less Thunder": Substitute Vocabularies, Richard Nixon, and the Construction of Political Reality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Richard; Stuckey, Mary E.

    1997-01-01

    Sketches a key mechanism called "Substitute Vocabularies" whereby practitioners of democracies seek to reconcile contradictions between democratic political principle and repressive political action. Illustrates this by identifying the Richard Nixon administration's political principles regarding Native Americans as articulated in…

  2. Failed Mothers, Monster Sons. Reading Shakespeare’S Richard Iii as a Fairy Tale

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Dana Percec

    2014-01-01

    ...-villain and the presence of motifs and patterns typically associated with the fairy tale genre. More specifically, it considers the mother-son relationship between the Duchess of York and Richard in the light of the motif of monstrous birth...

  3. Morrow, Reiff, Receive 2013 Space Physics and Aeronomy Richard Carrington Awards: Citation for Cherilynn Ann Morrow

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez, Ramon

    2014-08-01

    The Space Physics and Aeronomy Richard Carrington (SPARC) Education and Public Outreach Award for Cherilynn Morrow recognizes years of pioneering work on behalf of the space science community in the area of education and public outreach (E/PO).

  4. Lendab nagu kotkas üle maailmas kogutud tarkuse / Richard Aroksaar ; intervjueerinud Ene Riet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aroksaar, Richard

    2014-01-01

    Intervjuu eestlase Richard Aroksaarega, kes õppinud psühholoogiat ja raamatukogundust, töötab USA Rahvusparkide Ühenduse raamatukogus (National Park Service Library, NPS) süsteemi raamatukoguhoidja ja administraatorina

  5. On the Richards Curve%论Richards增长曲线

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨义群; 吴良欢; 吴其苗

    2000-01-01

    本文给出了Richards增长曲线一个很好的解析表达式,它使得Logistic增长曲线、Gompertz增长曲线与Richards增长曲线之间的关系清晰了,提示了著名的Logistic增长曲线与Gompertz增长曲线是Richards增长曲线的特殊情形,而且还给出了Richards增长曲线一些很好的特性.%In this paper, a better analytical representative formula of Richards curve is given. It makes clear the relationship among Logistic curve, Gompertz curve and Richards curve and indicats that the famous Logistic and Gompertz curves are special forms of Richards curve. Moreover, the several good characteristics of Richards curve are also proposed.

  6. Lendab nagu kotkas üle maailmas kogutud tarkuse / Richard Aroksaar ; intervjueerinud Ene Riet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aroksaar, Richard

    2014-01-01

    Intervjuu eestlase Richard Aroksaarega, kes õppinud psühholoogiat ja raamatukogundust, töötab USA Rahvusparkide Ühenduse raamatukogus (National Park Service Library, NPS) süsteemi raamatukoguhoidja ja administraatorina

  7. Digital Avionics Information System (DAIS): Reliability and Maintainability Model Users Guide. Final Report, May 1975-July 1977.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Czuchry, Andrew J.; And Others

    This report provides a complete guide to the stand alone mode operation of the reliability and maintenance (R&M) model, which was developed to facilitate the performance of design versus cost trade-offs within the digital avionics information system (DAIS) acquisition process. The features and structure of the model, its input data…

  8. “代马依北风”简析%An Analysis of the "Dai Horses' Nostalgia" in Han Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁延胜

    2017-01-01

    It is of great significance to understanding the history of Dai (Mobei, a place in history, in north desert of Inner Mongolia) that the horses from Dai thought fondly of the north then the north wind blew in the Qin and Han Dynasties. Firstly, the horse was a good horse which was produced in Dai; sec-ondly, it was the horse of the north, and the north was the hometown of the horse; thirdly, the horses from Hu gradually replaced those from Dai to refer to the north with the country feature and the influence of the rise of the Huns in the Qin and Han Dynasties.%汉代“代马依北风”说法,对我们认识代地历史有很大的启示意义。首先,代马是产自代地的良马;其次,代马是北方之马,北方是代马的故乡;再次,随着秦汉时期代地的郡县化以及匈奴崛起的影响,“胡马”逐渐取代“代马”用来指代北方。

  9. Décès - M. Richard HAJDAS - French version only

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    Nous avons le regret d'annoncer le décès de Monsieur Richard HAJDAS survenu le 27.11.2006. M. Richard HAJDAS, né le 27.07.1942, travaillait au Département AB et était au CERN depuis le 01.03.1969. Le Directeur général a envoyé un message de condoléances à sa famille de la part du personnel du CERN.

  10. EDITORIAL: Richard Palmer: celebrating 37 years with Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter Richard Palmer: celebrating 37 years with Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferry, David

    2009-01-01

    It is with a great deal of both happiness and sadness that I have to announce that we are losing one of the real strengths of the Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter (JPCM). Dr Richard Palmer, our Senior Publisher, announced his retirement, and this issue marks the first without his involvement. Of course, we are happy that he will get to enjoy his retirement, but we are sad to lose such a valuable member of our team. Richard first started work at IOP Publishing in March 1971 as an Editorial Assistant with Journal of Physics B: Atomic and Molecular Physics. After a few months, he transferred to Journal of Physics C: Solid State Physics. During his first year, he was sent on a residential publishing training course and asked to sign an undertaking to stay at IOP Publishing for at least two years. Although Richard refused to sign, as he did not want to commit himself, he has remained with the journal since then. The following year, the Assistant Editor of Journal of Physics C: Solid State Physics, Malcolm Haines, walked out without notice in order to work on his family vineyard in France, and Richard stepped into the breach. In those days, external editors had a much more hands-on role in IOP Publishing and he had to travel to Harwell to be interviewed by Alan Lidiard, the Honorary Editor of Journal of Physics C: Solid State Physics, before being given the job of Assistant Editor permanently. I am told that in those days the job consisted mainly of editing and proofreading and peer review. There was no journal development work. At some point in the early 1980s, production and peer review were split into separate departments and Richard then headed a group of journals consisting of Journal of Physics C: Solid State Physics, Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics and Journal of Physics F: Metal Physics, Semiconductor Science and Technology, Superconductor Science and Technology, Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, and later Nanotechnology and Modelling and Simulation

  11. Tracking of Airborne Radionuclides from the Damaged Fukushima Dai-Ichi Nuclear Reactors by European Networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Masson, O.; Baeza, A.; Bieringer, J.

    2011-01-01

    Radioactive emissions into the atmosphere from the damaged reactors of the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant (NPP) started on March 12th, 2011. Among the various radionuclides released, iodine-131 (131I) and cesium isotopes (137Cs and 134Cs) were transported across the Pacific toward the North...... reactors have provided a significant amount of new data on the ratio of the gaseous 131I fraction to total 131I, both on a spatial scale and its temporal variation. It can be pointed out that during the Fukushima event, the 134Cs to 137Cs ratio proved to be different from that observed after the Chernobyl...... accident. The data set provided in this paper is the most comprehensive survey of the main relevant airborne radionuclides from the Fukushima reactors, measured across Europe. A rough estimate of the total 131I inventory that has passed over Europe during this period was...

  12. Aerial radiation monitoring around the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant using an unmanned helicopter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanada, Yukihisa; Torii, Tatsuo

    2015-01-01

    The Great East Japan Earthquake on March 11, 2011 generated a series of large tsunami that seriously damaged the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP), which resulted in the release of radioactive materials into the environment. To provide further details regarding the distribution of air dose rate and the distribution of radioactive cesium ((134)Cs and (137)Cs) deposition on the ground within a radius of approximately 5 km from the nuclear power plant, we carried out measurements using an unmanned helicopter equipped with a radiation detection system. The distribution of the air dose rate at a height of 1 m above the ground and the radioactive cesium deposition on the ground was calculated. Accordingly, the footprint of radioactive plumes that extended from the FDNPP was illustrated.

  13. An update on radioactive release and exposures after the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear disaster.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    McLaughlin, P D

    2012-09-01

    On 11 March 2011, the Richter scale 0.9-magnitude Tokohu earthquake and tsunami struck the northeast coast of Japan, resulting in widespread injury and loss of life. Compounding this tragic loss of life, a series of equipment and structural failures at the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant (FDNP) resulted in the release of many volatile radioisotopes into the atmosphere. In this update, we detail currently available evidence about the nature of immediate radioactive exposure to FDNP workers and the general population. We contrast the nature of the radioactive exposure at FDNP with that which occurred at the Chernobyl power plant 25 years previously. Prediction of the exact health effects related to the FDNP release is difficult at present and this disaster provides the scientific community with a challenge to help those involved and to continue research that will improve our understanding of the potential complications of radionuclide fallout.

  14. The Fukushima Dai-ichi Accident and its implications for the safety of nuclear power

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barletta, William

    2016-05-01

    Five years ago the dramatic events in Fukushima that followed the massive earthquake and subsequent tsunami that struck Japan on March 11, 2011 sharpened the focus of scientists, engineers and general public on the broad range of technical, environmental and societal issues involved in assuring the safety of the world's nuclear power complex. They also called into question the potential of nuclear power to provide a growing, sustainable resource of CO2-free energy. The issues raised by Fukushima Dai-ichi have provoked urgent concern, not only because of the potential harm that could result from severe accidents or from intentional damage to nuclear reactors or to facilities involved in the nuclear fuel cycle, but also because of the extensive economic impact of those accidents and of the measures taken to avoid them.

  15. NIRS external dose estimation system for Fukushima residents after the Fukushima Dai-ichi NPP accident

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akahane, Keiichi; Yonai, Shunsuke; Fukuda, Shigekazu; Miyahara, Nobuyuki; Yasuda, Hiroshi; Iwaoka, Kazuki; Matsumoto, Masaki; Fukumura, Akifumi; Akashi, Makoto

    2013-04-01

    The great east Japan earthquake and subsequent tsunamis caused Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) accident. National Institute of Radiological Sciences (NIRS) developed the external dose estimation system for Fukushima residents. The system is being used in the Fukushima health management survey. The doses can be obtained by superimposing the behavior data of the residents on the dose rate maps. For grasping the doses, 18 evacuation patterns of the residents were assumed by considering the actual evacuation information before using the survey data. The doses of the residents from the deliberate evacuation area were relatively higher than those from the area within 20 km radius. The estimated doses varied from around 1 to 6 mSv for the residents evacuated from the representative places in the deliberate evacuation area. The maximum dose in 18 evacuation patterns was estimated to be 19 mSv.

  16. Hawaii Utility Integration Initiatives to Enable Wind (Wind HUI) Final Technical Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dora Nakafuji; Lisa Dangelmaier; Chris Reynolds

    2012-07-15

    monitoring using PMU devices and enhanced grid analysis tools; and Initiative 3: Identifying grid automation and smart technology architecture retrofit/improvement opportunities following a systematic review approach, inclusive of increasing renewables and variable distributed generation. Each of the initiative was conducted in partnership with industry technology and equipment providers to facilitate utility deployment experiences inform decision making, assess supporting infrastructure cost considerations, showcase state of the technology, address integration hurdles with viable workarounds. For each initiative, a multi-phased approach was followed that included 1) investigative planning and review of existing state-of-the-art, 2) hands on deployment experiences and 3) process implementation considerations. Each phase of the approach allowed for mid-course corrections, process review and change to any equipment/devices to be used by the utilities. To help the island grids transform legacy infrastructure, the Wind HUI provided more systematic approaches and exposure with vendor/manufacturers, hand-on review and experience with the equipment not only from the initial planning stages but through to deployment and assessment of field performance of some of the new, remote sensing and high-resolution grid monitoring technologies. HELCO became one of the first utilities in the nation to install and operate a high resolution (WindNet) network of remote sensing devices such as radiometers and SODARs to enable a short-term ramp event forecasting capability. This utility-industry and federal government partnership produced new information on wind energy forecasting including new data additions to the NOAA MADIS database; addressed remote sensing technology performance and O&M (operations and maintenance) challenges; assessed legacy equipment compatibility issues and technology solutions; evaluated cyber-security concerns; and engaged in community outreach opportunities that will

  17. Hawaii Utility Integration Initiatives to Enable Wind (Wind HUI) Final Technical Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dora Nakafuji; Lisa Dangelmaier; Chris Reynolds

    2012-07-15

    monitoring using PMU devices and enhanced grid analysis tools; and Initiative 3: Identifying grid automation and smart technology architecture retrofit/improvement opportunities following a systematic review approach, inclusive of increasing renewables and variable distributed generation. Each of the initiative was conducted in partnership with industry technology and equipment providers to facilitate utility deployment experiences inform decision making, assess supporting infrastructure cost considerations, showcase state of the technology, address integration hurdles with viable workarounds. For each initiative, a multi-phased approach was followed that included 1) investigative planning and review of existing state-of-the-art, 2) hands on deployment experiences and 3) process implementation considerations. Each phase of the approach allowed for mid-course corrections, process review and change to any equipment/devices to be used by the utilities. To help the island grids transform legacy infrastructure, the Wind HUI provided more systematic approaches and exposure with vendor/manufacturers, hand-on review and experience with the equipment not only from the initial planning stages but through to deployment and assessment of field performance of some of the new, remote sensing and high-resolution grid monitoring technologies. HELCO became one of the first utilities in the nation to install and operate a high resolution (WindNet) network of remote sensing devices such as radiometers and SODARs to enable a short-term ramp event forecasting capability. This utility-industry and federal government partnership produced new information on wind energy forecasting including new data additions to the NOAA MADIS database; addressed remote sensing technology performance and O&M (operations and maintenance) challenges; assessed legacy equipment compatibility issues and technology solutions; evaluated cyber-security concerns; and engaged in community outreach opportunities that will

  18. Immunoregulatory effects of the traditional Dai prescription Yajieshaba on food allergic mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Guangyuan; Duan, Xiaohua; Zhang, Chao; Chen, Pu; Yu, Jie; Zheng, Jin

    2017-06-01

    The Dai prescription Yajieshaba is widely used in Traditional Dai Medicine to treat food allergies and intolerance. However, information on the active chemical ingredients, effects and mechanisms of action of Yajieshaba is limited. The present study aimed to elucidate the effects and underlying mechanisms of Yajieshaba in the treatment of food allergies. Liquid chromatography with a diode array detector was used to measure the levels of palmatine and berberine, the active ingredients of Yajieshaba. A food allergy model was established in female BALB/c mice by three injections of ovalbumin (OVA) at 0, 48, and 96 h. OVA-sensitized mice recieved no treatments (control), Yajieshaba, loratadine, palmatine or berberine. The scratching frequency, serum immunoglobulin (Ig)G, IgE, interleukin (IL)-4, IL-10, IL-17, IL-21, interferon-γ and tumor necrosis factor-α levels were assessed at 50 and 98 h. The percentage of regulatory T cells (Tregs) was evaluated by flow cytometry at 98 h. The scratching frequency induced by OVA was significantly suppressed in mice treated with loratadine, palmatine, berberine or 3.50 and 4.70 g/kg Yajieshaba. The frequency of CD4(+)CD25(+)Treg in the spleen increased from 6.80% in mice in the control group to 12.50% in mice treated with 4.70 g/kg body weight Yajieshaba. Mice treated with palmatine or 4.70 g/kg body weight Yajieshaba had increased forkhead box p3 expression compared with those in the control group. Treatment with Yajieshaba decreased the scratching frequency and increased CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+) Treg frequency in the spleen. This indicated that symptoms of allergic reaction were alleviated following Yajieshaba treatment. Palmatine was identified as one of the major active components of Yajieshaba. The present study identified the possible mechanism through which Yajieshaba treatment may alleviate food allergy symptoms.

  19. NARAC Modeling During the Response to the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant Emergency

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sugiyama, G; Nasstrom, J S; Probanz, B; Foster, K T; Simpson, M; Vogt, P; Aluzzi, F; Dillon, M; Homann, S

    2012-02-14

    This paper summarizes the activities of the National Atmospheric Release Advisory Center (NARAC) during the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant crisis. NARAC provided a wide range of products and analyses as part of its support including: (1) Daily Japanese weather forecasts and hypothetical release (generic source term) dispersion predictions to provide situational awareness and inform planning for U.S. measurement data collection and field operations; (2) Estimates of potential dose in Japan for hypothetical scenarios developed by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) to inform federal government considerations of possible actions that might be needed to protect U.S. citizens in Japan; (3) Estimates of possible plume arrival times and dose for U.S. locations; and (4) Plume model refinement and source estimation based on meteorological analyses and available field data. The Department of Energy/National Nuclear Security Administration (DOE/NNSA) deployed personnel to Japan and stood up 'home team' assets across the DOE complex to aid in assessing the consequences of the releases from the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant. The DOE Nuclear Incident Team (NIT) coordinated response activities, while DOE personnel provided predictive modeling, air and ground monitoring, sample collection, laboratory analysis, and data assessment and interpretation. DOE deployed the Aerial Measuring System (AMS), Radiological Assistance Program (RAP) personnel, and the Consequence Management Response Team (CMRT) to Japan. DOE/NNSA home team assets included the Consequence Management Home Team (CMHT); National Atmospheric Release Advisory Center (NARAC); Radiation Emergency Assistance Center/Training Site (REAC/TS); and Radiological Triage. NARAC was activated by the DOE/NNSA on March 11, shortly after the Tohoku earthquake and tsunami occurred. The center remained on active operations through late May when DOE ended its deployment to Japan. Over 32 NARAC staff

  20. Obituary: Richard L. (Dick) Walker, Jr., 1938-2005

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pier, Jeffrey R.; Mason, Brian

    2005-12-01

    Koch Center for Science, Math, and Technology at Deerfield Academy in Massachusetts. He also consulted with James Turrell, providing astronomical position information for the design of the Roden Crater Project outside of Flagstaff. While he will be remembered for his significant scientific contributions to the field of astronomy, those who knew Dick, both scientists and non-scientists alike, will probably remember him best for his humility, his humanity, and his loyal and abiding friendship. He was a man with a terrific sense of humor and an infectious laugh. It was always an honor and pleasure to be in his company. Richard L. Walker, Jr. is survived by his wife, Patricia, two daughters from his first marriage: Brenda Walker of Las Vegas, NV, and Pamela Hepburn of Holland, OH, as well as four children from Patricia's first marriage: Doug Browning of Lake Havasu City, AZ, Michael Browning of Kingman, AZ, Kim Bructo of Orient, OH, and Jennifer Brown of Lake Havasu City, AZ. He is also survived by ten grandchildren and three great-grandchildren. He was preceded in death by his father Richard, mother Mary, and daughter, Paula Jean Elizabeth Stone.

  1. An analysis of reproducibility of DAI and IOTN indexes in a brazilian scene Análise da reprodutibilidade dos índices DAI e IOTN em um cenário brasileiro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rejane Bezerra de Lima

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of the indexes DAI and IOTN in predicting the need of orthodontic treatment based in one property: reproducibility. The index DAI was developed in USA in 1989 and can identify 10 occlusal alterations that result, mathematically, in scores, with weights based in its relative importance according with the judgment of laypeople. The IOTN was developed in England also in 1989 and incorporates an aesthetic component AC and a component of dental health DHC. The AC component consists on a scale illustrated with 10 photos which had been divided in bands of degrees in accordance with a hierarchic scale and classifies the patients in degrees of treatment needed. The instruments of collection of the data were: plastic rule of DHC component and an aesthetic visual scale of component AC praised for the IOTN and one periodontal OMS probe praised for DAI. The sample was composite by 60 patients. The results indicated that both indexes were highly reproducible in accordance with Pearson and Spearman coefficients, which were strengthened by t-tests of Student and Wilcoxon, respectively. The correlation results between the examiners had varied between r=0.85 and r=1.00.O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a capacidade dos índices DAI e IOTN em predizer a necessidade de tratamento ortodôntico baseado em uma propriedade: reprodutibilidade. O índice DAI foi desenvolvido nos Estados Unidos (1989 e identifica dez alterações oclusais que resultam, matematicamente, em escores, com pesos específicos baseados em um determinado grau de importância de acordo com o julgamento de pessoas leigas. O IOTN foi desenvolvido na Inglaterra ( 1989 e possui um componente estético - AC - e um componente dentário - DHC. O componente AC consiste em uma escala ilustrada com 10 fotos as quais representam um escala hierárquica de necessidade de tratamento ortodôntico. Os instrumentos para coleta de dados foram uma régua pl

  2. On the Outline Regarding Problems of the Hui Minority Muslim and its guidance in the Implementation of Yan' an Hui Policies%《关于回回民族问题的提纲》及其指导下的延安回族政策实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张小军

    2012-01-01

    1940年,西工委拟定《关于回回民族问题的提纲》(下文简称《提纲》),标志着党对回族的政策达到较高水平。《提纲》系统阐发了党对回族的政策:建立民族自治制度,保障回族在政治上与汉族享有平等权利;成立专门管理机构来管理民族事务;组织成立回族文化救国团体;培养民族干部,发展回族教育事业,实行文化上的平等;尊重伊斯兰教,尊重回民生活习惯等。延安时期的回族政策与实践,为新时期回族政策与理论发展提供了鲜活的历史参考。%In 1940, the Central Northwest Working Committee drew up the Outline about Problems of Hui ( Outline), indicating the CPC' s advancement of Hui policies. The Outline systematically explained the purposes of the CPC' s Hui policies : to establish a system of regional ethnic autonomy ; to ensure equal rights between Hui and Han in politics ; to found specialized departments in charge of ethnic affairs ; to establish groups interested in the na- tional preservation of Hui culture ; to develop the ethnic - minority cadres ; to improve the Hui educational facilities ; to carry out the cultural equity; to respect Islam and the conventions of the Hui, and so on. The implementation of Hui policies during the period of Yan' an provides living historical reference to Hui policies and theoretical develop- ment in today' s era.

  3. Analysis on the Legislation of Hui Customs-Case from Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region%回族习惯立法分析--以宁夏回族自治区为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄爱学

    2013-01-01

    As an ethnic group believing in Islam , Hui people influenced by the Islamic law , have their own character-istic custom and concept of value .Based on the regulations of Constitutions and Autonomous Charter , the local law system formed gradually , including the marriage custom , Halal food , funeral custom and custom of holidays .The legislation of Hui custom is very meaningful for sustaining the ethnic relations of equality , mutual help and harmony .%回族是全民信仰伊斯兰教的民族,受伊斯兰教法影响,回族形成了自己特有的风俗习惯和价值观念。依据《宪法》和《民族区域自治法》规定,宁夏回族自治区自治机关在行使民族立法自治权过程中,逐步形成了保障回族宗教信仰和风俗习惯的法律体系,主要包括婚姻习惯、清真食品、丧葬习惯和节庆习惯等方面的地方性法规和地方政府规章。回族习惯立法对于巩固和发展平等、团结、互助、和谐的民族关系具有重要意义。

  4. An analysis of Hui national Wushu from the perspective of sociology%社会学视野下的回族武术初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈星潭

    2016-01-01

    以社会学视角对回族武术进行探讨,认为民族信仰、军事参与、生存张力等多重因素维持了回族尚武的传统。回族在日常生活中,借助身体圣行再现尚武秉性,并形成地方特色;通过拳种的传统再造,扩大民族间的认同,实现中华民族多元一体格局下的文化共生。%From the perspective of sociology, the author probed into Hui national Wushu, and put forward the fol-lowing opinions: multiple factors, such as national belief, military involvement and survival tension etc, have main-tained the warrior tradition of the Hui nationality; in the daily life of the Hui nationality, the Hui people reproduce their warrior nature by means of body ritual, having formed a local landscape, and expanded recognition between nationalities and realized cultural symbiosis under the all Chinese nations united situation through tradition repro-duction of boxing.

  5. An Survey of the Hui Chen You's Family During the Ming Dynasty%明朝回回人陈友家族考述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈亮

    2012-01-01

    有明一代,涌现出一大批著名的回回军事家、政治家、外交家等等,他们对明朝的巩固与发展作出了巨大贡献和牺牲。"西域回回"陈友以出使起家,后因军功封为世爵,成为明朝回回人当中的标志性人物。对陈友个人及其家族成员的事迹考述,对研究明代回回人的历史活动以及历史作用有重要的价值。%During the Ming dynasty, there emerged many notable Hui militarists, politicians and diplomats who made a number of contributions at personal sacrifice in order to further the consolidation and development of the country. As a Serindia Hui, Chen You got his start from a career as a diplomat and was offered a marquis title on the basis of his military exploits. During the Ming Dynasty, he became an iconic figure amongst the Hui. Through this historical survey of Chen You and his family, we see the significant value he has with regard towards the histori- cal activity and influence of the Hui during the Ming dynasty.

  6. Business Ethics of The Hui Nationality & Its Contemporary Significance%回族的商业伦理思想及其当代意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓华; 吕广文

    2012-01-01

      回族起源于唐宋时期阿拉伯地区的来华商人,是一个以商为本的民族。回族商人在长期的经济活动中形成了一套集法律、宗教、道德于一体的商业伦理思想,在这一独具特色思想的指导下,回民族的经济健康、有序地发展,民族不断繁荣强大。在今天的社会主义市场经济体制下,弘扬回族商业伦理思想,仍然具有十分重要的现实指导意义。%  The Hui Nationality originated from the Arabian merchants came to china in the Tang and Song Dynasties, it is a business-oriented nation. By the long-term economic activities, Hui merchants formed a set of business ethics incorporating the law, religion and morality. Under the guidance of this unique idea, Hui's economy achieves sound and orderly development, and their nation becomes more and more prosperous and powerful. In the context of today’s socialist market economic system, carrying forward the business ethics of the Hui Nationality sill has important practical and guiding significance.

  7. Analysis of the Ecological Migration Pattern in Ethnic Minority Areas——A Case Study of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    By taking Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region as an example,this paper analyzes the ecological migration pattern in ethnic minority areas.The basic patterns of development for poverty relief in Ningxia are in-situ migration and new area development pattern.The new area development pattern includes three types,namely small town development pattern around urban radiation districts,urban labor migration pattern,and large-scale ecological migration pattern.Finally,successful experience of ecological migration in Ningxia is summarized.First,scientific industrial planning shall be made on the basis of proper selection of ecological migration location in immigrant settlement regions.Second,scientific and comprehensive ecological migration policies should be formulated.

  8. La république en Grande-Bretagne aujourd’hui : une idée anglaise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antoine MIOCHE

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available Il peut paraître y avoir un paradoxe à parler de république aujourd’hui en Grande-Bretagne en ceci que seule ou presque la Grande-Bretagne, de ce qui fut le vaste Empire britannique, est demeurée une monarchie. Des États-Unis à la Rhodésie, en passant par l’Inde et l’Irlande (à l’exception importante du nord de l’île, les anciens territoires britanniques ont opté majoritairement pour un régime parlementaire non monarchique, l’Australie, le Canada et la Nouvelle-Zélande étant d’intéressantes ...

  9. 试论《回回药方》治疗脑系疾病滴鼻剂的剂型特点%On Characteristics of Drug Forms of Nose Drops for Brain Disease in HuiHui YaoFang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘耀龙; 马晓东; 丁小龙; 王佩佩; 贾孟辉

    2012-01-01

    Medical theory of Hui nationality, prescription names, formation, preparation and instruction of 19 recipes for brain disease from 12th remained volume "ZhongFengMen-ZuoTan YouHuang KouYan WaiXieLei" of HuiHui YaoFang were analyzed and concluded to explore characteristic of drug forms of nose drops and promote clinical application of external nose drops.%对残卷十二"众风门-左瘫右痪口眼歪斜类"治疗脑系疾病的19首滴鼻剂的回族医学理论、方剂名称、药物组成、制备服法进行分析、归纳和总结,探讨回族医学滴鼻剂的剂型特点,并在临床中推广使用.

  10. Schwarz type domain decomposition and subcycling multi-time step approach for solving Richards equation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuraz, Michal

    2016-06-01

    Modelling the transport processes in a vadose zone, e.g. modelling contaminant transport or the effect of the soil water regime on changes in soil structure and composition, plays an important role in predicting the reactions of soil biotopes to anthropogenic activity. Water flow is governed by the quasilinear Richards equation. The paper concerns the implementation of a multi-time-step approach for solving a nonlinear Richards equation. When modelling porous media flow with a Richards equation, due to a possible convection dominance and a convergence of a nonlinear solver, a stable finite element approximation requires accurate temporal and spatial integration. The method presented here enables adaptive domain decomposition algorithm together with a multi-time-step treatment of actively changing subdomains.

  11. 傣族传统医药研究的回顾和反思%Review and Reflection on the Dai Traditional Medical Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段忠玉; 郑进

    2016-01-01

    近年来,傣族传统医药文化的基础理论与临床研究、傣族医药传统文化研究,为了解傣医药的现状和趋势奠定了良好的基础。但研究中仍然存在不少问题,应进一步拓宽傣医药研究的地域,完善傣医药的医学人类学研究领域等。本文对傣医药文化研究成果进行了归纳和梳理,以期为此领域的研究者提供有价值的理论依据和学术资料。%Recently, traditional Dai medicine culture such as the basic theory and clinical research, traditional culture of Dai medicine has laid a good foundation for understanding the present situation and trend of Dai medicine.But the study still has many problems.The Dai medicine research area should be further broadened, the medical anthropology research should be improved in the Dai medicine.In this paper, the Dai medicine culture research results are generalized in order to provide valuable theoretical basis and academic information for researchers in the field.

  12. Effect of the Japanese Herbal Kampo Medicine Dai-Kenchu-To on Postoperative Adhesive Small Bowel Obstruction Requiring Long-Tube Decompression: A Propensity Score Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hideo Yasunaga

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Adhesive small bowel obstruction (ASBO is an adverse consequence of abdominal surgery. Although the Kampo medicine Dai-kenchu-to is widely used in Japan for treatment of postoperative ASBO, rigorous clinical studies for its use have not been performed. In the present retrospective observational study using the Japanese diagnosis procedure combination inpatient database, we selected 288 propensity-score-matched patients with early postoperative ASBO following colorectal cancer surgery, who received long-tube decompression (LTD with or without Dai-kenchu-to administration. The success rates of LTD were not significantly different between Dai-kenchu-to users and nonusers (84.7% versus 78.5%; P=.224, while Dai-kenchu-to users showed a shorter duration of LTD (8 versus 10 days; P=.012, shorter duration between long-tube insertion and discharge (23 versus 25 days; P=.018, and lower hospital charges ($23,086 versus $26,950; P=.018 compared with Dai-kenchu-to nonusers. In conclusion, the present study suggests that Dai-kenchu-to is effective for reducing the duration of LTD and saving costs.

  13. New Standards in Liquid Waste Treatment at Fukushima Dai-ichi - 13134

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sylvester, Paul; Milner, Tim; Ruffing, Jennifer; Poole, Scott [EnergySolutions, 100 Center Point Circle, Suite 100, Center Point II, Columbia, SC 29210 (United States); Townson, Paul; Jensen, Jesse [EnergySolutions, 2345 Stevens Drive, Suite 240, Richland, WA 99354 (United States)

    2013-07-01

    The earthquake and tsunami on March 11, 2011 severely damaged the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear plant leading to the most severe nuclear incident since Chernobyl. Ongoing operations to cool the damaged reactors at the site have led to the generation of highly radioactive coolant water. This is currently mainly treated to remove Cs-137 and Cs-134 and passed through a reverse osmosis (RO) unit to reduce the salinity before being cycled back to the reactors. Because only the Cs isotopes are removed, the RO reject water still contains many radioactive isotopes and this has led to the accumulation of over 200,000 cubic meters (52 million gallons) of extremely contaminated water which is currently stored on site in tanks. EnergySolutions, in partnership with Toshiba, were contracted to develop a system to reduce 62 isotopes in this waste down to allowable levels. This was a significant technical challenge given the high background salt content of the wastewater, the variation in aqueous chemistry of the radioactive isotopes and the presence of non-active competing ions (e.g. Ca and Mg) which inhibit the removal of isotopes such as Sr-89 and Sr-90. Extensive testing was performed to design a suitable system that could meet the required decontamination goals. These tests were performed over a 6 month period at facilities available in the nearby Fukushima Dai-ni laboratory using actual waste samples. This data was then utilized to design a Multi Radioactive Nuclides Removal System (MRRS) for Fukushima which is a modified version of EnergySolutions' proprietary Advanced Liquid Processing System (ALPS)'. The stored tank waste is fed into a preliminary precipitation system where iron flocculation is performed to remove a number of isotopes, including Sb-125, Ru-106, Mn-54 and Co-60. The supernatant is then fed into a second precipitation tank where the pH is adjusted and the bulk of the Mg, Ca and Sr precipitated out as carbonates and hydroxides. After passing through a

  14. Richard Bausch, entretien réalisé par Géraldine Chouard

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Géraldine Chouard

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available ©Géraldine Chouard©Géraldine ChouardThis interview of Richard Bausch conducted by Géraldine Chouard took place in Paris, on October 1, 2004, at Gallimard’s.Géraldine Chouard (GC : Hello to the Cannibals is your ninth novel, and the fifth to be translated into French. Petite Visite aux Cannibales has just come out, published by Gallimard. Into which other languages has it been translated ?Richard Bausch (RB : German, Spanish, Portuguese, Japanese. GC : You have received several prizes and aw...

  15. Unrolling Fukushima 11032011 - Event unrolling at Fukushima Dai-ichi and Dai-ni after the Tohoku-Chihou-Taiheiyou-Oki earthquake on 11 March 2011; Ablauf Fukushima 11032011 -- Ereignisablaeufe Fukushima Dai-ichi und Daini infolge des Tohoku-Chihou-Taiheiyou-Oki Erdbebens vom 11.03.2011

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2011-08-15

    On 11 March 2011 at 14.46 local time, the strongest earthquake ever recorded in Japan struck the Pacific coast of Japan in front of Fukushima. The nuclear reactors built on this coast, 6 at Fukushima Dai-ichi and 4 at Fukushima Dai-ni, shut down automatically. At Fukushima Dai-ichi, the connections to the external electric grid were interrupted and the emergency diesel generators started immediately. 49 min after the earthquake a huge sea water wave (tsunami) of 14 to 15 m height above ocean level submerged the coastal structures of the plants. At Fukushima Dai-ichi the emergency diesel generators, which were located at the lowest floor of the plant, were drowned and destroyed, as well as the sea water intakes for the heat exchangers. As the whole plant was in blackout, the operators couldn't avoid drying out of the core in the reactor blocks 1 to 3 (the blocks 4 to 6 were already shut down for the annual revision and the block 4 was entirely discharged of fuel). Because of the residual heat production in the fuel assemblies, the temperature of the fuel rods increased so much that oxidation reactions on the zirconium of the rod cladding induced a hydrogen production and release. Through leakages in the circuits, the hydrogen accumulated in the upper part of the reactor buildings, what led to violent explosions in block 1 (12 March), in block 3 (14 March), and finally in blocks 2 and 4 (15 March). In the last case, as the reactor core was completely discharged, it seems likely that hydrogen was transferred to block 4 from other reactor buildings through interconnected gas ducts to the plant chimney. The explosions projected wrecks all around the buildings, making the rescue operations more difficult because they blocked the access ways and damaged rescue vehicles. Still more, the wrecks were often strongly contaminated and radioactive. The cooling of the storage pools for the discharged fuel assemblies was as well interrupted, so that the water of the pools

  16. Deposition of fission and activation products after the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant accident.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shozugawa, Katsumi; Nogawa, Norio; Matsuo, Motoyuki

    2012-04-01

    The Great Eastern Japan Earthquake on March 11, 2011, damaged reactor cooling systems at Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant. The subsequent venting operation and hydrogen explosion resulted in a large radioactive nuclide emission from reactor containers into the environment. Here, we collected environmental samples such as soil, plant species, and water on April 10, 2011, in front of the power plant main gate as well as 35 km away in Iitate village, and observed gamma-rays with a Ge(Li) semiconductor detector. We observed activation products ((239)Np and (59)Fe) and fission products ((131)I, (134)Cs ((133)Cs), (137)Cs, (110m)Ag ((109)Ag), (132)Te, (132)I, (140)Ba, (140)La, (91)Sr, (91)Y, (95)Zr, and (95)Nb). (239)Np is the parent nuclide of (239)Pu; (59)Fe are presumably activation products of (58)Fe obtained by corrosion of cooling pipes. The results show that these activation and fission products, diffused within a month of the accident.

  17. Modeling of Radionuclides from the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Accident to Korea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, K.; Yun, J. Y.

    2016-12-01

    FLEXPART Lagrangian model and NCEP/GFS meteorological data were employed and transport of radionuclides from Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear plant toward Korean Peninsula was simulated for three key artificial radionuclides (Cs-137, I-131, and Xe-133). By simulating horizontal distributions and tracking the trajectories of the radionuclides for the period of 10 March 2011 to 20 April 2011, the following three distinctive different arrival pathways were detected; 1) intercontinental scale - plume released since mid-March 2011 and transported to the North to arrive Korea on 23 March 2011, 2) global(hemispherical) scale - plume traveling over the whole northern hemisphere passing through the Pacific Ocean/Europe to reach the Korean Peninsula with relatively low concentrations in late March 2011 and, 3) regional scale - plume released on early April 2011 arrived at the Korean Peninsula via southwest sea of Japan influenced directly by veering mesoscale wind circulations. Our identification of these transport routes at three different scales of meteorological circulations suggests the feasibility of a multi-scale approach for more accurate prediction of radionuclide transport in the study area. In light of the fact that the observed arrival/duration time of peaks were explained well by the FLEXPART model coupled with NCEP/GFS input data, our approach can be used meaningfully as a decision support model for radiation emergency situations

  18. Analysis of Radionuclide Releases from the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant Accident Part II

    Science.gov (United States)

    Achim, Pascal; Monfort, Marguerite; Le Petit, Gilbert; Gross, Philippe; Douysset, Guilhem; Taffary, Thomas; Blanchard, Xavier; Moulin, Christophe

    2014-03-01

    The present part of the publication (Part II) deals with long range dispersion of radionuclides emitted into the atmosphere during the Fukushima Dai-ichi accident that occurred after the March 11, 2011 tsunami. The first part (Part I) is dedicated to the accident features relying on radionuclide detections performed by monitoring stations of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Organization network. In this study, the emissions of the three fission products Cs-137, I-131 and Xe-133 are investigated. Regarding Xe-133, the total release is estimated to be of the order of 6 × 1018 Bq emitted during the explosions of units 1, 2 and 3. The total source term estimated gives a fraction of core inventory of about 8 × 1018 Bq at the time of reactors shutdown. This result suggests that at least 80 % of the core inventory has been released into the atmosphere and indicates a broad meltdown of reactor cores. Total atmospheric releases of Cs-137 and I-131 aerosols are estimated to be 1016 and 1017 Bq, respectively. By neglecting gas/particulate conversion phenomena, the total release of I-131 (gas + aerosol) could be estimated to be 4 × 1017 Bq. Atmospheric transport simulations suggest that the main air emissions have occurred during the events of March 14, 2011 (UTC) and that no major release occurred after March 23. The radioactivity emitted into the atmosphere could represent 10 % of the Chernobyl accident releases for I-131 and Cs-137.

  19. Atmospheric radionuclides from Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear accident detected in Lanzhou, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邬家龙王赟; 孙卫; 罗伟立; 王延俊; 张飙

    2015-01-01

    After the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant accident on March 11, 2011, the radioactivity released from the accident was transported around the globe by atmospheric processes. The radioactivity monitoring program on atmospheric particulate in Lanzhou, China was activated by GSCDC to detect the input radionu-clides through atmospheric transport. Several artificial radionuclides were detected and measured in aerosol samples from March 26 to May 2, 2011. The peaked activity concentrations (in mBq/m3) were: 1.194 (131I), 0.231 (137Cs), 0.173 (134Cs) and 0.008 (136Cs), detected on April 6, 2011. The average activity ratio of 131I/137Cs and 134Cs/137Cs in air were 13.5 and 0.78. The significant increase of 137Cs activity concentration, one order of magnitude higher than pre-Fukushima accident levels, in ground level aerosol was observed in 2013, as its re-suspension from soil. The back-trajectory analysis simulated by NOAA-ARL HYSPLIT shows a direct transfer of the air masses released from Fukushima to Lanzhou across the Pacific Ocean, North America and Europe at the height close to 9000 m AGL. The value of effective dose for inhalation is close to one millionth of the annual limit for the general public.

  20. Radiocesium Transfer in Forest Insect Communities after the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant Accident

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayashi, Seiji; Takamura, Noriko

    2017-01-01

    To understand radiocesium transfer in the forest insect food web, we investigated the activity concentrations of radiocesium in forest insects in the Fukushima and Ibaraki Prefectures approximately 1.5–2.5 years after the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant. We analyzed 34 species of insects sampled from 4 orders and 4 feeding functional groups (herbivore, carnivore, omnivore, and detritivore) from three sites in each prefecture. 137Cs activity concentrations were lowest in herbivorous species and were especially high in detritivorous and omnivorous species that feed on forest litter and fungi. Radiocesium activity concentrations in any given species reflected the degree of contamination of that species’ primary food sources since radiocesium activity concentrations were found to be the lowest in leaves and grass and the highest in litter, bark, and fungi. This study confirmed that litter and other highly contaminated forest components such as fungi, decaying wood, bryophytes, and lichens serve as sources of 137Cs transfer into the forest insect community. PMID:28125745

  1. The Fukushima Dai-ichi accident: additional lessons from a radiological emergency assistance mission.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Becker, Steven M

    2013-11-01

    In response to the March 2011 earthquake-tsunami disaster and the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear accident, a special nongovernmental Radiological Emergency Assistance Mission flew to Japan from the United States. Invited by one of Japan's largest hospital and healthcare groups and facilitated by a New York-based international disaster relief organization, the mission included an emergency physician, a health physicist, and a disaster management specialist. During the 10 d mission, team members conducted fieldwork in areas affected by the earthquake, tsunami, and nuclear accident; went to cities and towns in the 20-30 km Emergency Evacuation Preparation Zone around the damaged nuclear plant; visited other communities affected by the nuclear accident; went to evacuation shelters; met with mayors and other local officials; met with central government officials; exchanged observations, experiences, and information with Japanese medical, emergency response, and disaster management colleagues; and provided radiological information and training to more than 1,100 Japanese hospital and healthcare personnel and first responders. The mission produced many insights with potential relevance for radiological/nuclear emergency preparedness and response. The first "lessons learned" were published in December 2011. Since that time, additional broad insights from the mission and mission followup have been identified. Five of these new lessons, which focus primarily on community impacts and responses and public communication issues, are presented and discussed in this article.

  2. 78 FR 19193 - Richard Phillips, Currently Incarcerated at: Inmate No. 81783-079, FCI Ray Brook Federal...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-29

    ... Bureau of Industry and Security Richard Phillips, Currently Incarcerated at: Inmate No. 81783- 079, FCI.... District Court, Eastern District of New York, Richard Phillips (``Phillips'') was convicted of violating...)) (``IEEPA''). Specifically, Phillips was convicted of knowingly, intentionally and willfully attempting to...

  3. Transforming Faith: H. Richard Niebuhr and Paulo Freire on Moral Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daniel, Joshua Leonard

    2013-01-01

    Through a contextual comparison of the theological ethics of H. Richard Niebuhr and the educational theory of Paulo Freire, I argue that socialization, while an essential task of moral education, is an insufficient aim. The proper aim of moral education is individual development. The intention of my argument is address tendencies towards…

  4. The generalized Chapman—Richards function and applications to tree and stand growth

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIUZhao-gang; LIFeng-ri

    2003-01-01

    The generalized Chapman-Richards model was derived from the Chapman-Richards function in which parameters η,κ and m were unconstrained.Based on the structure of solutions and biological interpretations,the model could be classified into eight cases(three categories)at all and among them only 4 kinds of cases are suitable in forestry that represent four typical growth patterns of trees and stands.For each of 4 equations,the model properties and biological interpretations for parameters were discussed in detail.The generalized chapman-Richards model was capable of describing a wide range of growth curves that was asymptotic or nonasymptotic,with or without inflection point.In order to illustrate the versatility of the model,it was fitted to a group of data sets conceming the DBH growth of cryptomeria plantations with 4 initial densities and the DBH and height growth of natural Korean pine tree.Comparing the generalized Chapman-Richards function and the Sohnute model,it was found that the parameters and expressions of the two modets were interchangeable in theory,and the fitting results were explicitly identical in empirical applications.

  5. Somaesthetic Training, Aesthetics, Ethics, and the Politics of Difference in Richard Shusterman's "Body Consciousness"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Powell, Kimberly

    2010-01-01

    In this essay, the author first addresses the theme of disciplined somatic training and its relationship to self-awareness and transformation. Her attention is focused specifically on the chapter on Ludwig Wittgenstein, in which Richard Shusterman presents and then elaborates upon the philosopher's connections between conscious bodily feelings and…

  6. Fathers' Role as Attachment Figures: An Interview with Sir Richard Bowlby

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newland, Lisa A.; Coyl, Diana D.

    2010-01-01

    Sir Richard Bowlby, son of John Bowlby, has carried on his father's work by lecturing and writing on the topic of attachment theory. He has initiated and maintained international connections with researchers, practitioners and agencies in the field of child development, and has produced training videos to more widely disseminate information about…

  7. CENTER DIRECTOR RICHARD SMITH AND OTHER PERSONNEL OBSERVE SPACELAB 1 MODULE AND EXPERIMENT PALLET HO

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-01-01

    CENTER DIRECTOR RICHARD SMITH AND OTHER PERSONNEL OBSERVE SPACELAB 1 MODULE AND EXPERIMENT PALLET HO KSC-383C-2860.02 P-16225,ARCHIVE-03951 Spacelab 1 module and its attached pallet are hoisted out of the payload canister, over the work stands and into the cargo bay of the Columbia.

  8. Growth curve analysis of birds: the Richards model and procedural problems. [Tachycineta bicolor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zach, R.; Liner, Y.; Rigby, G.L.; Mayoh, K.R.

    1984-01-01

    Four sigmoid growth curve models for birds were compared using the daily body masses and primary-feather lengths of 35 nestling tree swallows (Tachycineta bicolor). The Richards model was superior to the von Bertalanffy, Gompertz, and logistic models for body mass, but not for primary-feather length. The latter models have fixed growth forms and are special cases of the flexible Richards model. Owing to parameter correlations, the Richards model was very sensitive to the starting parameter values for the numerical computer fitting routines. The lack of data leading up to the asymptote made it difficult to calculate good starting values for primary-feather length. None of the models tested was completely satisfactory for primary-feather length, as indicated by nonrandomly distributed residuals over time. The log transformation was appropriate for body mass. It homogenized the residual variances and increased the explained percentage of variation. The explained percentage of variation was a useful selection criterion for the best-fitting model, especially since it was directly related to randomness in the distribution of the residuals and homogeneity of residual variances. However, even percentages of variation exceeding 99.5%, did not necessarily indicate an excellent fit. The Richards model did not yield more model parameters for growth curve analysis, because the shape parameter and the growth rate constant were almost perfectly correlated.

  9. Leonid Breznev and Richard Nixon examine plaques presented by Skylab crew

    Science.gov (United States)

    1973-01-01

    Leonid I. Breznev, General Secretary of the Communist Party, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, and President Richard M. Nixon, during ceremonies at the Western White House in San Clemente, California, examine plaques presented by Skylab astronauts Charles Conrad Jr., center; Joseph P. Kerwin, second from right; and Paul J. Weitz, left.

  10. International Analog Criticism: The "Scandignation" Addresses of Willy Brandt and Richard Nixon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaly, Ingeborg

    The resignation speeches of West German Chancellor Willy Brandt and United States President Richard Nixon are compared and the rhetorical efficacy of each figure is assessed in this paper. Analog criticism is employed to support the argument that in the particular subgenre of "scandignation" addresses, Brandt came much closer than Nixon…

  11. The Featuring of Will in History: A Rhetorical Exploration of Richard Nixon's Post-Presidential Writings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Ronald

    1989-01-01

    Discusses the post-presidential writings of Richard Nixon. Finds an overarching concern for the "will," which permitted Nixon to transform the standards of higher moral principle into the politics of expediency. Views Nixon's writings as a symptom of the ailing health of public morality in liberal society. (SR)

  12. Letter from House Minority Leader Gerald R. Ford to President Richard M. Nixon. Teaching with Documents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Potter, Lee Ann; Schamel, Wynell

    2001-01-01

    Provides historical background on how President Richard Nixon selected someone as vice president after Spiro T. Agnew resigned due to criminal charges. Provides background information on his choice, Gerald Ford, and discusses the process of how Ford officially became vice president. Includes a document from the Nixon Presidential Materials…

  13. Richard Willstätter and the 1915 Nobel Prize in chemistry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trauner, Dirk

    2015-10-01

    One hundred years after his Nobel Prize, Richard Willstätter's achievements and the fascinating role he played in 20th century chemistry are discussed in this Essay. Several of his discoveries, such as the anthocyanidins, cyclooctatetraene, the ortho-quinones, and the structure of cocaine, will forever be associated with his name.

  14. Dr. Richard D. Gragg III to Receive Third Place Gulf Guardian Award in the Individual Category

    Science.gov (United States)

    ATLANTA - Today, the Gulf of Mexico Program announced that Dr. Richard D. Schulterbrandt Gragg III will receive a Third Place 2015 Gulf Guardian Award in the Individual Category. The award will be given tonight at an awards ceremony at the Texas State Aqua

  15. Distorted Dialogue in Richard Matheson's "I Am Legend": A Bakhtinian Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faizi, Hamed; Taghizadeh, Ali

    2015-01-01

    Based on the theories of Mikhail Bakhtin, a dialogue can necessarily take place only in a two-sided communication. But if a party creates a hierarchical situation for the domination of its voice in the context, the communication will no longer be dialogic. In "I Am Legend", Richard Matheson depicts a post-apocalyptic world that is…

  16. Fathers' Role as Attachment Figures: An Interview with Sir Richard Bowlby

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newland, Lisa A.; Coyl, Diana D.

    2010-01-01

    Sir Richard Bowlby, son of John Bowlby, has carried on his father's work by lecturing and writing on the topic of attachment theory. He has initiated and maintained international connections with researchers, practitioners and agencies in the field of child development, and has produced training videos to more widely disseminate information about…

  17. Strauss, Richard. Ariane a Naxos: opera seulement, integrale. Miliza Korjus / Michel Parouty

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parouty, Michel

    1995-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Strauss, Richard. Ariane a Naxos: opera seulement, integrale. Miliza Korjus (Najade). Orchestre de l'Opea l'Efat de Vienne" Arlecchino ARL 14-16, distribution Dante (3 CD: 390 F). 1935, 1944. TT: 3h 46'17"

  18. Richard Wright's Successful Failure: A New Look at "Uncle Tom's Children"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giles, James R.

    1973-01-01

    A reevaluation of novelist Richard Wright's first book, which is a collection of five short stories-- Big Boy Leaves Home,'' Down by the Riverside,'' Long Black Song,'' Fire and Cloud,'' and Bright and Morning Star''--and an introductory essay, The Ethics of Living Jim Crow.'' (JM)

  19. Richard Branson : mässaja, kes unistab kosmosest / Triin Thalheim

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Thalheim, Triin, 1982-

    2005-01-01

    TV3 näitab USA tõsielusarja "Miljardärist mässaja: Branson otsib mantlipärijat". Sarja peategelane on maailma rikkamaid mehi, Virgini kontserni omanik Richard Branson, kes otsib oma firmasse noort juhti

  20. Süütuse kaotamine / Richard Branson ; intervjueerinud Peter Fisk ; tõlkinud Endrik Randoja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Branson, Richard

    2009-01-01

    Turunduskirjanik Peter Fiski intervjuu Suurbritannia ärimagnaadi Sir Richard Bransoniga, milles arutletakse ettevõtja suurimate saavutuste ja suurimate pettuste üle, uuritakse Bransoni võimet juhtida oma 450 ettevõtet, tema suhtumist konkurentsi ning uutesse äriideedesse, samuti tema ajakasutust

  1. 75 FR 3219 - Richard Moss; Notice of Authorization for Continued Project Operation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-20

    ... January 12, 2010. On January 31, 2008, Richard Moss, licensee for the Cinnamon Ranch Hydroelectric Project... regulations thereunder. The Cinnamon Ranch Hydroelectric Project is located on the Middle, Birch, and... operation of the Cinnamon Ranch Hydroelectric Project, until such time as the Commission acts on...

  2. Application of Richards Sliding Hip Screw in Treatment of Intertrochanteric Femoral Fractures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    PING Jinzhong; SHEN Hongsheng; QIU Song

    2002-01-01

    @@ Richards Sliding Hip Screw is an effective method for the treatment of subtrochanteric and intertrochanteric femoral fractures. We applied the screw to treat the above- mentioned fractures from 1994 and obtained satisfying results in our hospital. All the cases were followed up. We reported it as follows.

  3. Putting Functional Behavioral Assessment into Practice: A Conversation with Dr. Richard Van Acker.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bullock, Lyndal M.; Gable, Robert A.

    1999-01-01

    In this interview, Dr. Richard Van Acker discusses federal requirements for functional behavioral assessments (FBAs) and the teamwork involved in conducting an FBA. Various components of FBAs and the approximate time required are outlined and examples are provided of structured data collection for use in the FBA. (CR)

  4. Numerical simulation of infiltration, evaporation and shallow groundwater levels with the Richards equation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dam, van J.C.; Feddes, R.A.

    2000-01-01

    Analysis of water and solute movement in unsaturated-saturated soil systems would greatly benefit from an accurate and efficient numerical solution of the Richards equation. Recently the mass balance problem has been solved by proper evaluation of the water capacity term. However, the Darcy fluxes

  5. Somaesthetic Training, Aesthetics, Ethics, and the Politics of Difference in Richard Shusterman's "Body Consciousness"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Powell, Kimberly

    2010-01-01

    In this essay, the author first addresses the theme of disciplined somatic training and its relationship to self-awareness and transformation. Her attention is focused specifically on the chapter on Ludwig Wittgenstein, in which Richard Shusterman presents and then elaborates upon the philosopher's connections between conscious bodily feelings and…

  6. Richard Hausmann 《Our Chinese business will become the locomotive of Siemens worldwide》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JESSY ZHANG

    2006-01-01

    @@ Richard Hausmann assumed his current position as president and CEO of Siemens Ltd China in January 2005. Before that, he was division president for computer tomography of the Siemens Medical Solutions Group,responsible for the entire China business of the group.

  7. Süütuse kaotamine / Richard Branson ; intervjueerinud Peter Fisk ; tõlkinud Endrik Randoja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Branson, Richard

    2009-01-01

    Turunduskirjanik Peter Fiski intervjuu Suurbritannia ärimagnaadi Sir Richard Bransoniga, milles arutletakse ettevõtja suurimate saavutuste ja suurimate pettuste üle, uuritakse Bransoni võimet juhtida oma 450 ettevõtet, tema suhtumist konkurentsi ning uutesse äriideedesse, samuti tema ajakasutust

  8. Richard Wright's Successful Failure: A New Look at "Uncle Tom's Children"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giles, James R.

    1973-01-01

    A reevaluation of novelist Richard Wright's first book, which is a collection of five short stories-- Big Boy Leaves Home,'' Down by the Riverside,'' Long Black Song,'' Fire and Cloud,'' and Bright and Morning Star''--and an introductory essay, The Ethics of Living Jim Crow.'' (JM)

  9. The Consequences of Democratizing Knowledge: Reconsidering Richard Hofstadter and the History of Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Simone, Deborah M.

    2001-01-01

    In his Pulitzer Prize winning work, "Anti-intellectualism in American Life," Richard Hofstadter set out to trace the social movements that altered the role of intellect in society from a virtue to a vice. In so doing, he explored questions regarding the purpose of education and whether the democratization of education altered that…

  10. Resisting Biopolitics through “Diaphanous Wonder”: Richard Flanagan's Gould's Book of Fish

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wiese, Doro

    2014-01-01

    In Gould's Book of Fish (2003), author Richard Flanagan manages to invent a format in which content and style account for historical events on Sarah Island, Tasmania in the 1820s, yet he does so in a manner that is not in the least objective, disinterested or fact-orientated. The perspective of Goul

  11. New Directions for Higher Education: Q&A with Author Richard Arum on Undergrad Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    DiSalvio, Philip

    2013-01-01

    In April, the "New England Journal of Higher Education" ("NEJHE") launched its "New Directions for Higher Education" series to examine emerging issues, trends, and ideas that have an impact on higher education policies, programs, and practices. In this installment of the series, DiSalvio speaks with Richard Arum,…

  12. Micro-Social Factors in the Development of Entrepreneurial Giftedness: The Case of Richard Branson

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shavinina, Larisa V.

    2006-01-01

    Research shows that social circumstances influence the development of an individual's high abilities. This paper identifies the micro-social1 factors in the development of entrepreneurial giftedness. Specifically, the paper considers the family milieu, 'significant others' and great contemporaries in the case of Richard Branson, the most…

  13. Making the Road While Walking It: A Conversation with Richard Simpson

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zabel, Robert H.; Kaff, Marilyn; Teagarden, James

    2016-01-01

    Richard Simpson is professor of special education at the University of Kansas (KU). Dr. Simpson's duties at KU have included roles of staff psychologist, teaching associate, assistant professor, project director, associate professor, professor, and chairperson for the Department of Special Education. He has directed numerous University of Kansas…

  14. How to create a creative city? The viewpoints of Richard Florida and Jane Jacobs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hospers, Gerrit J.; van Dalm, R.

    2005-01-01

    Purpose - The paper aims to explore to what extent policy makers can create a "creative city", that is, an urban environment capable of generating creativity, innovation and thus economic growth.Design/methodology/approach - The paper is set up as an interview with Richard Florida and his mentor Jan

  15. A Crisis of Legitimacy: Shakespeare's "Richard II" and the Problems of Modern Executive Leadership

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ciliotta-Rubery, Andrea

    2008-01-01

    "A Crisis of Legitimacy" is a unique comparative examination of the question of legitimate rule, as observed through Shakespeare's "Richard II" and the contemporary presidencies of Bill Clinton and George W. Bush. Largely pedagogical, this article is the result of an active learning exercise, whereby students in a "Politics and Literature" course…

  16. Strauss, Richard. Ariane a Naxos: opera seulement, integrale. Miliza Korjus / Michel Parouty

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parouty, Michel

    1995-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Strauss, Richard. Ariane a Naxos: opera seulement, integrale. Miliza Korjus (Najade). Orchestre de l'Opea l'Efat de Vienne" Arlecchino ARL 14-16, distribution Dante (3 CD: 390 F). 1935, 1944. TT: 3h 46'17"

  17. 浅析回族服饰的文化象征性%Analysis of Cultural Symbolic Significance of the Hui Ethnic Dress

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金婷

    2011-01-01

    回族作为以伊斯兰为民族文化根源的民族,在历史发展进程中呈现出伊斯兰教的内化与对汉族文化涵化同时发生而联系又紧密的特点。回族服饰具有伊斯兰文化与中华文化二元一体的结构特点,在伊斯兰文化语境下又体现出宗教文化的象征性。伊斯兰教的内化和汉族文化涵化构成了回族服饰文化的核心和其演变的主题。%The Hui ethnic group bases itself on Islam,presenting that Islamic internalization goes hand in hand with the Han ethnic cultural acculturation in the long development process.The Hui ethnic dress is featured by Islamic-Chinese culture integration.It represents both religious and cultural symbolic significance in the context of Islamic culture.Therefore,Islamic internalization and the Han ethnic cultural acculturation constitute the core of the Hui ethnic dress culture.

  18. [Tai ping sheng hui fang (Taiping Holy Prescriptions for Universal Relief) and the compilation during the early Song Dynasty].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Yi

    2010-07-01

    Tai ping sheng hui fang, the first medical formulary of the Song Dynasty, compiled from the 3(rd) year of Taiping-xingguo reign to the 3(rd) year of Chunhua reign (978 ∼ 992), under the edict of the Taizong Emperor, was popularly applied and extensively circulated and called "the first formulary of the Dynasty". It is extremely significant in the medical history of the Song Dynasty due to its theory of prescription art, practical prescriptions and clinical practice. During the process of its circulation, different versions appeared, including the Guozijian Orthodox Version, Guozijian Small-character Version, Chongwen Hall Abridged Version, Newly Carved Version of Zhuanyunsi, and the Local Abridged Version, thus adapting to the demands of various walks of life in the society. Its unique role in the development of the Song society was founded by its introduction, application and popularization by the emperors, local officials, medical scholars, diplomatic envoys, and intellectuals. The "kind administration" of the authority and the government was further greatly facilitated by the involvement of the government and the introduction of printing. Its practical prescriptions became forceful tools to prevent and treat diseases, to conquer witchcraft, to protect local social security, and to pronounce the merits of officials and physicians at all levels.

  19. The prevalence of antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii in horses in Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture, Xinjiang, northwestern China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jin-Lei Wang

    Full Text Available Toxoplasmosis is a worldwide zoonosis caused by Toxoplasma gondii, which can infect warm-blooded animals and humans. The present study was performed to investigate the seroprevalence of T. gondii in horses in Xinjiang, northwestern China. A total of 637 blood samples were collected from seven regions in Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture, Xinjiang in 2011 and assayed for T. gondiiantibodies using the modified agglutination test (MAT. Risk factors (age, gender, and region related to seroprevalence were determined by a multivariate logistic regression analysis. A total of 200 horses (31.4%, 95% CI 27.79–35.00 were seropositive for T. gondii. Age, gender, and region present no association with seroprevalence (p>0.05 in the logistic regression analysis. The results indicated that T. gondii is widely prevalent in horses in Xinjiang, northwestern China, representing a serious threat to animal and human health. Therefore, more careful measures should be performed to control and prevent T. gondii infection in horses from Xinjiang, northwestern China.

  20. Regional Evaluation of Wind Erosion of the Loess Plateau in Pengyang County, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sun Baoping; Ding Guodong; Li Yubao

    2003-01-01

    The loess plateau in China is well-known for its severe water erosion. A nationwide soil erosion survey discovered that wind erosion of the loess land is also greatly concerned. The severity of wind erosion for each land use in Pengyang County of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China, was evaluated according to the national standard of soil erosion classification. The evaluation system includes a GIS database, an evaluation indicator system and a classification system for land and land use. The erodible nature of soil and annual soil loss of the most erodible land were obtained as follows: (1) Croplands plowed and harrowed in late autumn were the most erodible land,with an erosion intensity of medium grade and an erodible proportion of 46%; (2) The erodible proportion of natural grasslands was between 19.3% and 21.5%, whose erosion intensity was of mostly tolerable grade; (3) When it came to the whole county, there was 21.3% of the total area in tolerable grade in terms of wind erosion intensity, 42.1% slight and 34.8% medium.

  1. Temporal-Spatial Variation of Drought Indicated by SPI and SPEI in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chunping Tan

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region of China (Ningxia is an important food production area in northwest China severely affected by drought. The Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI and Standardized Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index (SPEI were calculated based on monthly meteorological data to explore climate change and variation in drought intensity, duration, frequency, and spatial extent in Ningxia during 1972–2011. Results show that the SPEI is more applicable than the SPI for exploring climate change and drought variation in Ningxia. The Ningxia climate experienced a significant drying tendency. Annual SPEI decreased about 0.37 decade−1 during 1972–2011. Drought was exacerbated by this drying tendency. Regional average duration, maximum duration, intensity, and frequency of drought identified by the SPEI increased by one month, three months, 0.15%, and 36.1%, respectively, during 1992–2011 compared to the period of 1972–1991. The spatial extent of drought identified by the SPEI increased about 14.4% decade−1 in the spring during 1972–2011. Spatially, drought frequency increased from north to south. Average intensity (maximum duration of drought calculated by the SPEI increased (decreased northward and southward from the central arid area.

  2. Estimation of marine source-term following Fukushima Dai-ichi accident.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bailly du Bois, P; Laguionie, P; Boust, D; Korsakissok, I; Didier, D; Fiévet, B

    2012-12-01

    Contamination of the marine environment following the accident in the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant represented the most important artificial radioactive release flux into the sea ever known. The radioactive marine pollution came from atmospheric fallout onto the ocean, direct release of contaminated water from the plant and transport of radioactive pollution from leaching through contaminated soil. In the immediate vicinity of the plant (less than 500 m), the seawater concentrations reached 68,000 Bq.L(-1) for (134)Cs and (137)Cs, and exceeded 100,000 Bq.L(-1) for (131)I in early April. Due to the accidental context of the releases, it is difficult to estimate the total amount of radionuclides introduced into seawater from data obtained in the plant. An evaluation is proposed here, based on measurements performed in seawater for monitoring purposes. Quantities of (137)Cs in seawater in a 50-km area around the plant were calculated from interpolation of seawater measurements. The environmental halftime of seawater in this area is deduced from the time-evolution of these quantities. This halftime appeared constant at about 7 days for (137)Cs. These data allowed estimation of the amount of principal marine inputs and their evolution in time: a total of 27 PBq (12 PBq-41 PBq) of (137)Cs was estimated up to July 18. Even though this main release may be followed by residual inputs from the plant, river runoff and leakage from deposited sediments, it represents the principal source-term that must be accounted for future studies of the consequences of the accident on marine systems. The (137)Cs from Fukushima will remain detectable for several years throughout the North Pacific, and (137)Cs/(134)Cs ratio will be a tracer for future studies.

  3. Fenofibrate, HDL, and cardiovascular disease in Type-2 diabetes: The DAIS trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsunoda, Fumiyoshi; Asztalos, Ivor B; Horvath, Katalin V; Steiner, George; Schaefer, Ernst J; Asztalos, Bela F

    2016-04-01

    There are conflicting reports on the role of fibrates in CVD-risk. Several studies indicate beneficial effects of fibrates on CVD risk in type-2 diabetic patients. We tested how fenofibrate changes lipoprotein subfractions and glucose homeostasis in type-2 diabetic patients. Selected markers of lipid and glucose homeostasis and inflammation were measured in 204 diabetic patients who participated in the Diabetes Atherosclerosis Intervention Study (DAIS) and were randomly assigned to 200 mg fenofibrate or placebo. Percent changes from baseline until a minimum of 3 years (average 39.6 months) on therapy (end of study) were calculated for all study parameters. The concentrations of total LDL-C and small dense LDL-C (sdLDL-C) did not change on fenofibrate compared to placebo. Compared to placebo, fenofibrate significantly decreased concentrations of triglyceride and remnant-like particle cholesterol (RLP-C) and activity of lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2), while significantly increased concentrations of HDL-C. In contrast to other lipid-modifying drugs (e.g. statins) which increase HDL-C by increasing large (α-1) HDL particles, fenofibrate increased HDL-C by increasing the smaller, less antiatherogenic HDL-C particles, α-3 and α-4. Furthermore, despite lowering TG levels by 20%, fenofibrate failed to decrease pre-β1 levels. On fenofibrate, glycated serum-protein levels increased moderately, while insulin and adiponectin levels did not change. On fenofibrate, lipid homeostasis improved and Lp-PLA2 activity decreased while there was no improvement in glucose homeostasis. Despite increasing HDL-C and decreasing triglyceride levels, fenofibrate failed to improve the antiatherogenic properties of the HDL subpopulation profile. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. 137Cs off Fukushima Dai-ichi, Japan – model based estimates of dilution and fate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. Kriest

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available In the aftermath of an earthquake and tsunami on 11 March 2011 radioactive 137Cs was discharged from a damaged nuclear power plant to the sea off Fukushima Dai-ichi, Japan. Here we explore its dilution and fate with a state-of-the-art global ocean general circulation model, which is eddy-resolving in the region of interest. We find apparent consistency between our simulated circulation, estimates of 137Cs discharged ranging from 0.94 p Bq (Japanese Government, 2011 to 3.5 ± 0.7 p Bq (Tsumune et al., 2012, and measurements by Japanese authorities and the power plant operator. In contrast, our simulations are apparently inconsistent with the high 27 ± 15 p Bq discharge estimate of Bailly du Bois et al. (2012. Expressed in terms of a diffusivity we diagnose, from our simulations, an initial dilution on the shelf of 60 to 100 m2 s−1. The cross-shelf diffusivity is at 500 ± 300 m2 s−1 significantly higher and variable in time as indicated by its uncertainty. Expressed as an effective residence time of surface water on the shelf, the latter estimate transfers to 43 ± 16 days. As regards the fate of 137Cs, our simulations suggest that activities up to 4 mBq l−1 prevail in the Kuroshio-Oyashio Interfrontal Zone one year after the accident. This allows for low but detectable 0.1 to 0.3 m Bq l−1 entering the North Pacific Intermediate Water before the 137Cs signal is flushed away. The latter estimates concern the direct release to the sea only.

  5. Fukushima-Dai-Ichi accident. Information bulletin no. 6 from June 8, 2011; Accident de Fukushima-Dai-Ichi. Bulletin d'information no. 6 du 8 juin 2011

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2011-07-01

    This news bulletin has been prepared by the French institute of radiation protection and nuclear safety (IRSN) for the information of French residents in Japan. It presents, first, the situation at the date of the bulletin of the radioactive contamination in the provinces close to the Fukushima Dai-ichi damaged site, the follow-up of the commercialisation restrictions of some food products (vegetables, mushrooms, milk). Then, it gives some general recommendations to residents concerning good food consumption practices and supplies a list of particularly impacted areas where it is to be highly avoided to travel to. (J.S.)

  6. Fukushima-Dai-Ichi accident. Information bulletin no. 7 from September 22, 2011; Accident de Fukushima-Dai-Ichi. Bulletin d'information no. 7 du 22 septembre 2011

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2011-09-22

    This news bulletin has been prepared by the French institute of radiation protection and nuclear safety (IRSN) for the information of French residents in Japan. It presents, first, the situation at the date of the bulletin of the radioactive contamination in the provinces close to the Fukushima Dai-ichi damaged site, the follow-up of the commercialisation restrictions of some food products (vegetables, mushrooms, milk). Then, it gives some general recommendations to residents concerning good food consumption practices and supplies a list of particularly impacted areas where it is to be highly avoided to travel to. (J.S.)

  7. Situation of Fukushima Dai-ichi power plant in Japan - June 1, 2011 status; Situation de la centrale nucleaire de Fukushima Dai-ichi au Japon - Point de situation du 1er juin 2011

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2011-07-01

    This situation note is established according to the information gained on June 1, 2011 by the crisis centre of the French institute of radiation protection and nuclear safety (IRSN). The situation of the cores of reactors 1, 2 and 3 of the Fukushima I site (Dai-ichi) and of the different spent fuel pools is briefly presented as well as the actions in progress for the control of environmental radioactive releases and for the progressive recovery of the facilities control. (J.S.)

  8. Situation of Fukushima Dai-ichi power plant in Japan - May 25, 2011 status; Situation de la centrale nucleaire de Fukushima Dai-ichi au Japon - Point de situation du 25 mai 2011

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2011-07-01

    This situation note is established according to the information gained on May 25, 2011 by the crisis centre of the French institute of radiation protection and nuclear safety (IRSN). The situation of the cores of reactors 1, 2 and 3 of the Fukushima I site (Dai-ichi) and of the different spent fuel pools is briefly presented as well as the actions in progress for the control of environmental radioactive releases and for the progressive recovery of the facilities control. (J.S.)

  9. Report by the 'Fukushima Dai-Ichi major accident' nuclear subgroup; Rapport du sous-groupe Nucleaire 'L'accident majeur de Fukushima Dai-Ichi'

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brezin, Edouard; Balibar, Sebastien; Candel, Sebastien; Cesarsky, Catherine; Dautray, Robert; Gratias, Denis; Guillaumont, Robert; Laval, Guy; Quere, Yves; Tissot, Bernard; Zaoui, Andre; Brechet, Yves; Carpentier, Alain; Duplessy, Jean-Claude; Jerome, Denis [Academie des sciences, 23, quai de Conti, 75006 Paris (France); Bamberger, Yves [Electricite de France - EDF (France); Academie des technologies, Grand Palais des Champs Elysees - Porte C - Avenue Franklin D. Roosevelt - 75008 Paris (France); Barre, Bertrand [Areva, 33, rue Lafayette, 75442 Paris cedex 09 (France); Comets, Marie-Pierre; Jamet, Philippe [Autorite de surete nucleaire - ASN, 6, place du Colonel Bourgoin, 75572 Paris Cedex 12 (France); Schwarz, Michel; Baumont, David; Guilhem, Gilbert; Repussard, Jacques [Institut de Radioprotection et de Surete Nucleaire - IRSN, 31, avenue de la Division Leclerc, 92260 Fontenay-aux-Roses (France); Billot, Philippe; Boullis, Bernard; Gauche, Francois; Zaetta, Alan [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique - CEA (France); Pouget-Abadie, Xavier [Electricite de France - EDF (France)

    2011-06-15

    This report comprises a description of the succession of events in the Fukushima-Dai-Ichi power plant, a discussion of the situation of the nuclear industry and energy in France after this accident (French nuclear stock, security organisation), and a discussion on the fuel cycle and on future opportunities (comparison with EPR - Gen II safety measures, perspectives beyond the EPR). Numerous appendices are proposed, made of documents from different bodies involved in nuclear industry, energy and safety. They deal with the Fukushima accident, with light water and pressurized water reactors, with severe accidents in PWRs, and so on

  10. 傣医“雅解”发展与应用%Development and application of Dai ethnic medicine "Jajie"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方洁; 许建新

    2012-01-01

    “雅解”为傣语,意译为解药,是傣族医学理论的重要组成部分,“雅解”理论的核心内容是“未病先解、先解后治“.“雅解”适应面广,作用确切,在疾病的防治中起着重要的作用.特别是对肝病、消化系统疾病、代谢性疾病、皮肤病等均有肯定的疗效.系统地收集、整理、研究傣医“雅解”,是发展傣族“雅解”理论及开发新药的重要内容.该文主要就雅解的概况及雅解药物研究进展情况作小结,并对雅解的发展提出了意见.%"Jajie" means antidote in Dai language. As an important part of theories of Dia ethnic medicine, "Jajie" focuses on antidote before treatment. With wide application and exact effect, "Jajie" plays an important role in preventing and treating diseases, especially liver disease, digestive system diseases, metabolic diseases, skin diseases and so on. Therefore, systematic collection, analysis and studies on Dai ethnic medicine "Jajie" is an important content in the development of the theory of Dai ethnic medicine as well as new drugs. This essay briefs the general situation of "Jajie" and the advance of its studies, and gives comments on Jajie's development.

  11. 西北回族抗日史研究%On History of Resistance against Japanese Aggression of Northwest Hui Nationality

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨志平; 海万玲

    2015-01-01

    日本全面侵华后,由于兵力所限,虽未对西北地区进行地面武装侵扰,但通过军机轰炸、策划“回回国”阴谋等行径,对西北人民犯下了滔天罪行。在民族存亡之际,西北回族人民同全国各族人民一起在各条战线上展开了反侵略斗争,其中以回族、撒拉族、保安族等为主要成员的骑兵第一师、第81军在正面战场与日军展开了殊死较量,战绩辉煌。此外,回族民众还利用与中东伊斯兰国家的友好关系,开展民间外交奔赴中东地区传播抗日救亡思想并寻求国际支持与理解,宗教人士则通过自身声望影响穆斯林参军抗日,回族社团与报刊也充分发挥社会职责,揭露日本离间回汉关系、肢解中国的阴谋,鼓励回胞奔赴前线杀敌卫国,文艺工作者更是以各种文艺形式宣传抗日救亡思想。经过战争的洗礼,回族社会空前团结,爱国主义精神和国家认同感更加强烈。%After staging large-scale aggression war into China,though restricted by the lack of militar-y force,Japan had not staged land invasion into northwest China,they still conducted aerial bombing, schemed to establish"Huihui State",and committed serious crimes to the people there.At this criti-cal moment of death or life for the nation,along with all other nationalities,people of Hui nationality in northwest China launched the fight against Japanese aggression.The first cavalry division and 81th army (both mainly consisted of Hui,Sala,and Baoan nationalities)fought face-to-face against Japa-nese invaders and had extraordinary battle achievements.Besides,due to friendly relationship with Is-lamic nations in Mideast,people of Hui nationality went to Mideast to seek international support and understanding for this very cause.With their own influence,religious figures encouraged Muslims to join the arm.Societies and newspapers of Hui nationality played full social role to disclose

  12. 广义Richards-Gilpin-Ayala模型的捕获优化问题%Optimal Harvesting Problem for Generalized Richards-Gilpin-Ayala Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾有栋

    2007-01-01

    Richards-Gilpin-Ayala模型的基础上,提出了一类更广泛的数学模型-广义Richards-Gilpin-Ayala模型.进而讨论该模型单种群生物资源的捕获优化问题,分析了被开发生物种群的动力学性质.在单位捕获努力量假定下,以最大可持续捕获量为管理目标,确定了线性捕获下的最优捕获策略,得到了最优捕获努力量,最大可持续收获及相应的最优种群水平的显式表达式.这些结果推广了相关文献中关于Schaefer模型、广义Logistic模型的相应结果.

  13. Improvement of the Seismic Alarm and the Spent Fuel Pool Instrumentation post Fukushima Dai-Ichi Accident

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Han Cheol; Joo, Choon Young; Shin, Kyung In; Choi, Jong Jae [KEPCO, Yongin (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-08-15

    After the Fukushima Dai-Ichi accident, various basic design features were revisited for the existing and new nuclear power plants. One of the topics was associated with the defense against the earthquakes. Among the variety of seismic designs of the plant systems, the design of the seismic alarm and the improvement of the spent fuel pool instrumentation for the conventional plant and MMIS-based plants in Korean are introduced in this paper. It briefly describes what has been requested or recommended by the US NRC and it introduces the enhancement designed for the following topics for SKN 1 and 2 plant and the SKN 3 and 4 plants, respectively.

  14. President Richard Nixon visits MSC to award Apollo 13 Mission Operations team

    Science.gov (United States)

    1970-01-01

    President Richard M. Nixon introduces Sigurd A. Sjoberg (far right), Director of Flight Operations at Manned Spacecraft Center (MSC), and the four Apollo 13 Flight Directors during the Presidnet's post-mission visit to MSC. The Flight Directors are (l.-r.) Glynn S. Lunney, Eugene A. Kranz, Gerald D. Griffin and Milton L. Windler. Dr. Thomas O. Paine, NASA Administrator, is seated at left. President Nixon was on the site to present the Presidential Medal of Freedom -- the nation's highest civilian honor -- to the Apollo 13 Mission Operations Team (35600); A wide-angle, overall view of the large crowd that was on hand to see President Richard M. Nixon present the Presidnetial Medal of Freedom to the Apollo 13 Mission Operations Team. A temporary speaker's platform was erected beside bldg 1 for the occasion (35601).

  15. Surface science for heterogeneous catalysis, a special issue in honour of Professor Richard M. Lambert

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baddeley, Christopher J.; Kyriakou, Georgios

    2016-04-01

    One cannot survey the field of surface chemistry without encountering the name of Richard Lambert. Over the years, his research addressed a broad range of topics of which the underlying theme is study of the structure and reactivity of solid surfaces, with the aim of contributing to fundamental understanding of physical/chemical phenomena and to their exploitation in the invention and development of new materials and technologies. During this voyage, Richard and his collaborators have made use of a variety of methods including laboratory-based spectroscopies, imaging methods, synchrotron radiation techniques supported by collaborations with colleagues in theory, to elucidate the chemistry of reactions occurring over a wide range of pressures at gas/solid and liquid/solid interfaces.

  16. Die Musik Richard Wagners im Banat und in Rumänien. Eine Rezeptionsgeschichte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franz Metz

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Richard Wagner – an ihm schieden sich die Geister schon während seines Lebens. Dies geschah nicht nur in seinen deutschen Wirkungsorten, sondern auch im Südosten Europas. Schon früh fanden seine Werke auch im Banat und in Bukarest eine weite Verbreitung und das musikliebende Publikum mischte sich damals bereits in Pro- oder Kontra-Wagner-Diskussionen ein. In einem multikulturellen Raum wie das Banat, mit jahrhundertalten multiethnischen Erfahrungen und Traditionen, stieß der Wagnerkultus zuerst auf Ablehnung, später, ab 1930, wurden seine antisemitischen Anschauungen von den faschistischen Kreisen Rumäniens demagogisch missbraucht – ähnlich wie im restlichen Europa. Doch diese besondere Seite der Richard-Wagner-Rezeption hat auch eine faszinierende Auswirkung auf das allgemeine Musikleben in Rumänien und im Banat hinterlassen.

  17. "Nothing will come of nothing": an interview with Sir Richard Eyre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor Maver

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available The article features an interview with Sir Richard Eyre, a long-time Director of the Royal National Theatre in London and the director of the production of William Shakespeare's tragedy King Lear in the very same  theatre in 1997, which also saw a successful film  version. Sir Richard openly spoke about  his dilemmas as a director in the process of staging  the play, finding  the right east, about rehearsals and the first night performance, as well as about some key scenes interpreted by him somewhat  differently, although he essentially firmly relied on the text and the more traditional staging  of this famous Shakespeare's tragedy.

  18. Richard Rogers: Award for Distinguished Contributions to Research in Public Policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-01

    Presents Richard Rogers as the 2001 winner of the American Psychological Association Award for Distinguished Contributions to Research in Public Policy. "Richard Rogers casts a long shadow over the realm of psychological research with public policy implications. His achievements concerning criminal responsibility and malingering have been important and lasting, but his most uniquely impactful contribution to public policy is his enhancement of our understanding of the constitutional protections embodied in Miranda rights. His investigations have exploded the myth of a single, easily understood Miranda warning. The ramifications of this work are profound, especially for socially marginalized populations, and include its direct acknowledgment as the impetus for critical developments in American Bar Association policy on custodial interrogations." (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2011 APA, all rights reserved).

  19. Richard Madsen, Democracy’s Dharma: Religious Renaissance and Political Development in Taiwan

    OpenAIRE

    寺沢, 重法

    2009-01-01

    Democracy’s Dharma is a study of how the “religious renaissance” in Taiwan since the lifting of martial law in 1987, has contributed to the development and stability of Taiwanese democracy. The author, Richard Madsen, offers the rare perspective of a former Catholic missionary to Taiwan who later became a sociologist and a recognized authority on American civil society and public life (Habits of the Heart, 1985; the Good Society, 1991), on revolutionary morality and social transformation in t...

  20. Growth characteristics of pearl gray guinea fowl as predicted by the Richards, Gompertz, and logistic models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nahashon, S N; Aggrey, S E; Adefope, N A; Amenyenu, A; Wright, D

    2006-02-01

    This study was undertaken to describe the growth pattern of the pearl gray Guinea fowl. Using BW data from hatch to 22 wk, 3 nonlinear mathematical functions (Richards, Gompertz, and logistic) were used to estimate growth patterns of the pearl gray guinea fowl. The logistic and Gompertz models are a special case of the Richards model, which has a variable point of inflection defined by the shape or growth trajectory parameter, m. The shape parameter m was 1.08 and 0.98 in males and females, respectively, suggesting that the growth pattern of the pearl gray female guinea fowl is Gompertz. The pearl gray guinea fowl exhibited sexual dimorphism for their growth characteristics. From the Gompertz model, the asymptotic BW, growth rate, and age at maximum growth were 1.62 kg, 0.22 kg/wk, and 6.65 wk in males, respectively, and 1.70 kg, 0.19 kg/wk, and 6.70 wk in females, respectively. The ages at maximum growth were 6.65, 6.47, and 8.12 wk for the Richards, Gompertz, and logistic models, respectively. The pearl gray guinea fowl females have a higher asymptotic BW compared with the males. The average asymptotic BW of about 1.57 kg for both sexes predicted by the logistic model was below the average predicted BW from the Richards (1.66 kg) and Gompertz (1.67 kg) models, respectively, at 22 wk of age. The inverse relationship between the asymptotic weight and both relative growth and age at maximum growth of the pearl gray guinea fowl is similar to that of chickens, quail, and ducks. Success in studying the growth characteristics of guinea fowl will contribute to the efforts of genetically improving this least-studied avian species.

  1. El caballero pragmático: Richard Rorty o el liberalismo con rostro humano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    del Águila, Rafael

    1993-10-01

    Full Text Available Not available.

    Este trabajo trata de ofrecer una panorámica de la obra de Richard Rorty con especial referencia a alguno de los problemas políticos que se deducen de sus tesis: la apuesta por la contingencia, la división privado/público, el cosmopolitismo y la emancipación, el etnocentrísmo, etc.

  2. Pimping climate change: Richard Branson, global warming, and the performance of green capitalism

    OpenAIRE

    Scott Prudham

    2009-01-01

    On 21 September 2006 UK über-entrepreneur and Virgin Group Chairman Richard Branson pledged approximately £1.6 billion, the equivalent of all the profits from Virgin Atlantic and Virgin Trains for the next ten years, to fighting climate change. Since then, Branson has restated his commitment to action on global warming, including investment in technologies for sequestering carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. In this paper, I critically examine and engage with Branson’s announcements as a spec...

  3. Two new species of freshwater crabs of the genus Heterochelamon Türkay & Dai, 1997 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura: Potamidae) from Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, southern China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naruse, Tohru; Zhu, Chunchao; Zhou, Xianmin

    2013-01-01

    Heterochelamon tessellatum n. sp. and H. castanea n. sp. are described trom the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, southern China. Heterochelamon tessellatum n. sp. and H. castanea n. sp. are morphologically most similar to H. yangshuoense Türkay & Dai, 1997, and H. guangxiense Türkay & Dai, 1997, respectively. The new species can be differentiated from these allied species by differences in the shape of external orbital tooth, epibranchial tooth, and male first gonopod. The present study brings the number of Heterochelamon species to five. A key to species of the genus Heterochelamon is provided.

  4. Investigation of hydrogeochemical properties of the Hüdai (Afyon-Sandıklı) geothermal systems, SW Turkey

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Selma (Altinkale) Demer; Ümit Memiş; Nevzat Özgür

    2013-08-01

    Sandıklı-Hüdai geothermal field is one of the geothermal systems in Afyon and environ, located approximately 40 km southwest of Afyon. The study area consists of volcanic, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks. Kestel greenschist formation of Paleozoic age forms the basement rock in the area while quartzite which is a member of the Kestel greenschist formation serves as the reservoir rock of Sandıklı-Hüdai geothermal system. Geothermal waters from the study area are classified as Na–SO4–HCO3 type waters. The waters plot along SO4–HCO3 end of the Cl–SO4–HCO3 triangle diagram suggesting same origin for the geothermal waters. 18O and D isotope ratios of the Sandıklı waters plot along the continental meteoric water line, indicating meteoric waters that were unaffected by evaporation. The tritium values imply that the fluids were deep circulating and recharged from older waters. Furthermore, oversaturation of the geothermal fluids with quartz confirms these findings showing long time residence of these groundwaters.

  5. Influence of the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident on environmental radioactivity in Aomori Prefecture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kudo, S; Igarashi, K; Kimura, H

    2015-11-01

    Radioactive nuclides with a short half-life, such as (131)I and (134)Cs, were detected in environmental samples collected in Aomori Prefecture after the Tokyo Electric Power Company Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident in March 2011. In addition, the observed (137)Cs concentration was increased over the background level. The gaseous (131)I concentration in air observed in April was higher than that observed in March immediately after the accident. Using a backward trajectory analysis, the authors found that the air mass had passed the vicinity of the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant when the gaseous (131)I concentration in air was increasing. Maximum (131)I and radioactive Cs concentrations in daily fallout samples collected in Aomori city were observed on 28 April, when (131)I was also detected in air. (134)Cs and (137)Cs concentration ratios in pine needles and pasture grass were nearly equal to 1, which indicates that the source of these radionuclides was the nuclear power plant accident.

  6. virgin galactic explores cern SIR RICHARD BRANSON AND VIRGIN GALACTIC PARTICIPANTS ON THEIR FAVOURITE THINGS ABOUT VISITING CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    2016-01-01

    Virgin Galactic visited CERN with a group of future astronauts and Sir Richard Branson. During their visit the group was shown around various experiments, including the Globe, SM18, AMS and the CERN Control Centre.

  7. 论傣族宗教信仰对傣族村寨景观的影响——以滇西德宏地区傣族传统聚落研究为例%The Discussion on the Effect of the Dai Faith for Dai Village Landscape: Taking the Tradition Dai Village of Dehong for an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周静帆; 裘鸿菲

    2011-01-01

    The Dai nationality have double faith, the whole people believe primitive religion and theravada. The faith affects the character of nationality, ethic, aesthetic consciousness and action, and also indirectly affects the formation and evolvement of settlement patterns, which embodies the layout, greenbelt, architecture and establishment. Taking the tradition Dai village of Dehong for an example, the paper discusses the effect of settlement patterns from the faith.%傣族是个有着双重信仰的民族,全民信仰原始宗教和南传上座部佛教,世俗化的宗教信仰影响民族性格、道德伦理、审美意识及行为活动,也间接影响了村寨聚落形态的形成和演变.其中,主要表现在对村寨空间布局、绿地分布、建筑样式和设施景观的影响.该文以滇西德宏地区傣族传统聚落研究为例,浅谈傣族宗教信仰对村寨形态的影响.

  8. Study on mosque architectural form development of the Hui Nationality in the Yellow River Basin%黄河流域回族清真寺建筑形态发展研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨新新

    2015-01-01

    以中国黄河流域的回族聚居区为研究范围,以回族清真寺为研究对象,通过探讨黄河流域回族清真寺的建筑形态发展,分析了回族清真寺在我国回族穆斯林生活中的作用,并对其保护与发展措施进行了研究,以期为我国伊斯兰建筑艺术的研究和回族清真寺的发展提供参考。%Taking the Hui Nationality concentrated area of the Yellow River Basin in China as the research scope,taking the Hui Nationality mosque as the research target,through explores the architectural form development of the Hui Nationality mosque of the Yellow River Basin,the paper analyzes the role of the Hui Nationality mosque in domestic Muslim living,and studies its protection and development,with a view to pro-vide some guidance for domestic Muslim building arts research and the Hui Nationality mosque development.

  9. 恢刺法治疗急性肩周炎50例%Treatment of 50 Patients with Acute Shoulder Periarthritis by Hui Acupuncture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王孝艳; 张轶鸣; 贾延涛; 王慧; 岳全; 吴继开; 陈斯

    2015-01-01

    目的:观察恢刺法针刺阳陵泉、阿是穴治疗急性肩周炎的临床疗效。方法:将100例肩周炎患者随机分为治疗组,对照组。治疗组50例采用恢刺法针刺阳陵泉、阿是穴治疗;对照组50例采用常规针刺治疗。均每天针刺1次,疗程2周,观察其疗效。结果:治疗组疗效明显高于对照组。结论:恢刺法针刺阳陵泉、阿是穴治疗急性肩周炎可缓解疼痛,改善肩关节活动度,有较好疗效。%Objective:To observe the clinical effects on the acute shoulder periarthritis by Hui acupuncture at Yanglingquan point and Ashi point.Methods:100 patients were randomly divided into two groups:a treatment group and a control group.Among them, 50 patients in the treatment group were treated by Hui acupuncture at Yanglingquan point and Ashi point while other 50 patients in the control group received normal acupuncture treatment.During the two weeks’ treatment, all the patients were acupunctured once a day.Results:Patients in the treatment group felt much relieved than those in the control group.Conclusion:Hui acupuncture at Yan-glingquan point and Ashi point turns out to be a desirably effective way to treat acute shoulder periarthritis.

  10. Development obstacles of poor rural Hui ethnic females and its countermeasures: Based on survey data of 1 327 Hui ethnic females of Guanghe county%回族农村女性的发展障碍与应对策略——基于广河县1327名回族女性的调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩振兴; 韩建民

    2012-01-01

    Based on the survey data of 1 327 poor rural Hui ethnic females (over fourteen years old) of Guanghe county, Gansu province, this paper finds that due to the influence of traditional family value, poor healthy condition and poor exploitation of human resources, poor rural Hui women face many development obstacles such as their low status in the family, low educational background, little social participation. Hence, the writer proposes some countermeasures so as to promote the sound development of rural Hui women: to advocate new religion and family concept; to promote the education and training of the rural Hui women; to recognize the value of rural women's housework; to encourage them to engage in some small business and provide small loans to them.%基于甘肃广河县294户回族家庭1 327名回族女性(14岁以上)的调查发现,由于传统宗教家庭观念限制、身体健康水平欠佳以及人力资源的教育性开发不力等因素影响,回族农村女性面临诸多发展障碍,如家庭经济地位低下、文化程度不高、社会参与度低等。据此,应提倡新的宗教、家庭观念;加强回族农村女性教育,强化其农业科技知识培训;认定农村女性家务劳动的实际价值,鼓励其从事基本商业贸易并提供小额贷款倾斜政策,最终促进回族农村女性自身的良性发展。

  11. Environmental Remediation Activities in Japan Following the Fukushima Dai-ichi Reactor Incident - 12603

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lively, J.W.; Kelley, J.L.; Marcial, M.R. [AMEC Environment and Infrastructure (United States); Yashio, Shoko; Kuriu, Nobou; Kamijo, Hiroaki; Jotatsu, Kato [Obayashi Corporation (Japan)

    2012-07-01

    In March 2011, the Fukushima Dai-ichi reactor power plant was crippled by the Great Pacific earthquake and subsequent tsunami. Much of the focus in the news was on the reactor site itself as the utility company (TEPCO), the Japanese government, and experts from around the world worked to bring the damaged plants into a safe shutdown condition and stem the release of radioactivity to the environment. Most of the radioactivity released was carried out to sea with the prevailing winds. Still, as weather patterns changed and winds shifted, a significant plume of radioactive materials released from the plant deposited in the environment surrounding the plant, contaminating large land areas of the Fukushima Prefecture. The magnitude of the radiological impact to the surrounding environmental is so large that the Japanese government has had to reevaluate the meaning of 'acceptably clean'. In many respects, 'acceptably clean' cannot be a one-size-fits-all standard. The economics costs of such an approach would make impossible what is already an enormous and costly environmental response and remediation task. Thus, the Japanese government has embarked upon an approach that is both situation-specific and reasonably achievable. For example, the determination of acceptably clean for a nursery school or kindergarten play yard may be different from that for a parking lot. The acceptably clean level of residual radioactivity in the surface soil of a rice paddy is different from that in a forested area. The recognized exposure situation (scenario) thus plays a large role in the decision process. While sometimes complicated to grasp or implement, such an approach does prioritize national resources to address environment remediation based upon immediate and significant risks. In addition, the Japanese government is testing means and methods, including advanced or promising technologies, that could be proven to be effective in reducing the amount of radioactivity

  12. RIG-I is required for VSV-induced cytokine production by murine glia and acts in combination with DAI to initiate responses to HSV-1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crill, Emma K; Furr-Rogers, Samantha R; Marriott, Ian

    2015-12-01

    A defining feature of viral central nervous system (CNS) infection is the rapid onset of severe neuroinflammation. However, the mechanisms underlying glial responses to replicative neurotropic viruses are only now becoming apparent with the discovery of a number of cytosolic sensors for viral nucleic acids. We have described the expression by murine and human glial cells of two disparate pattern recognition receptors, retinoic acid inducible gene-I (RIG-I) and DNA-dependent activator of interferon regulatory factors (DAI), receptors for viral RNA and DNA moieties, respectively. In the present study, we demonstrate the functional significance of RIG-I expression in primary murine microglia and astrocytes. Our data indicate that murine glial immune responses to a model neurotropic RNA virus, vesicular stomatitis virus, are RIG-I dependent and independent of levels of DAI expression or RNA polymerase III activity. In contrast, maximal glial inflammatory and antiviral responses to the DNA virus herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV-1) are dependent on the expression of both RIG-I and DAI, and require RNA polymerase III activity. These findings indicate that the RNA sensor, RIG-I, acts in parallel with DAI in an RNA polymerase III-dependent manner to initiate glial responses to HSV-1. We therefore suggest that RIG-I plays a significant role in the detection of both RNA and DNA pathogens by microglia and astrocytes. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  13. 象征的形象--读戴顺智的水墨肖像画%Dai Shuizhi:Symbolizing Portraits in Chinese Ink

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓凌

    2002-01-01

    @@ The value of Dai Shunzhi's works lies in expressing and exploring the individual inner world from its prototype of a character.And basing on the value, he creates and constructs a symbolizing function of his images with non-portrait factor. So we can see honest faces from mountain people and reserved manner from girls in his works...

  14. Agent-A New Research Topic for DAI%艾真体-分布式人工智能研究的新课题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡自兴

    2002-01-01

    In this paper the feature and classification of the Distributed AI(DAI) are introduced,then the meaning andessential of the agent are discussed,and a suggestion for translating term of agent into Chinese is proposed. Thestructures and classification of the agents are investigated at last.

  15. Dai Nationality's Sacred Site and Its Biodiversity Protection%傣族圣境及其生物多样性意蕴

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阎莉; 史永义

    2012-01-01

    傣族作为一个具有悠久历史的民族,拥有丰富的信仰文化。依赖这些信仰文化,傣族建立了依托"竜林"的自然圣境与佛教的人文圣境。以这些圣境为核心,傣族培植了敬畏自然、与自然和谐相处的生态自然观,成为了生物多样性保存完好的基地。%With a long history,Dai Nationality holds a rich belief culture.Relying on the belief culture,Dai Nationality builds sacred natural site of"Long Forest"and sacred site of"Fo Jiao".Rounding the sacred site,Dai Nationality cultivates ecological ideas of which Dai people awe nature and get along with nature;and the Sacred Site becomes the base where biodiversity has been protected very well.

  16. Digital Avionics Information System (DAIS): Life Cycle Cost Impact Modeling System Reliability, Maintainability, and Cost Model (RMCM)--Description. Users Guide. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goclowski, John C.; And Others

    The Reliability, Maintainability, and Cost Model (RMCM) described in this report is an interactive mathematical model with a built-in sensitivity analysis capability. It is a major component of the Life Cycle Cost Impact Model (LCCIM), which was developed as part of the DAIS advanced development program to be used to assess the potential impacts…

  17. Appendix I3-1 to Wind HUI Initiative 1: AWST-WindNET-Phase 1 Final Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    John Zack

    2012-07-15

    This report is an appendix to the Hawaii WindHUI efforts to develop and operationalize short-term wind forecasting and wind ramp event forecasting capabilities. The report summarizes the WindNET Phase 1 efforts on the Big Island of Hawaii and includes descriptions of modeling methodologies, use of field validation data, results and recommendations. The objective of the WindNET project was to investigate the improvement that could be obtained in short-term wind power forecasting for wind generation facilities operating on the island grids operated by Hawaiian Electric Companies through the use of atmospheric sensors deployed at targeted locations. WindNET is envisioned as a multiphase project that will address the short-term wind forecasting issues of all of the wind generation facilities on the all of the Hawaiian Electric Companies' island grid systems. The first phase of the WindNET effort (referred to as WindNET-1) was focused on the wind generation facilities on the Big Island of Hawaii. With complex terrain and marine environment, emphasis was on improving the 0 to 6 hour forecasts of wind power ramps and periods of wind variability, with a particular interest in the intra-hour (0-1 hour) look-ahead period. The WindNET project was built upon a foundation that was constructed with the results from a previously completed observation targeting study for the Big Island that was conducted as part of a project supported by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and interactions with the western utilities. The observational targeting study provided guidance on which variables to measure and at what locations to get the most improvement in forecast performance at a target forecast site. The recommendations of the observation targeting study were based on the application two techniques: (1) an objective method called ensemble sensitivity analysis (ESA) (Ancell and Hakim, 2007; Torn and Hakim, 2008; Zack et al, 2010); and (2) a subjective method based on a

  18. 伊斯兰哲学宇宙论对回族传统宗教信仰文化的影响%Chinese Islamic Philosophy to Hui Traditional Cosmological Religious Beliefs Cultural Influence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邱双成; 崔华华

    2012-01-01

    伊斯兰哲学宇宙论与回族传统宗教信仰文化联系异常密切。回族传统宗教信仰文化的形成、内容以及形式等都深受伊斯兰哲学宇宙论的影响。对伊斯兰哲学宇宙论与回族传统宗教信仰文化的关系进行深入研究具有积极的意义。%Chinese Islamic philosophy cosmology and Hui traditional religious beliefs and cultural links are unusual close. Hui traditional religious cultural formation, religious belief culture content as well as religious cultural form etc all deeply influence of Chinese islamic philosophy cosmology. Islamic philosophy in China the hui traditional religion cosmology and in-depth study relation to culture has positive significance.

  19. Distributive characteristics of Ser49Gly and Gly389Arg genetic polymorphisms of β1-adrenoceptor in Chinese Han and Dai populations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhao-qian LIU; Hong-hao ZHOU; Jie LIU; Zhi-hua XIANG; Min-yu HU; Wei MO; Lian-sheng WANG; Dong-sheng OU-YANG; Nan HE; Dan WANG

    2006-01-01

    Aim: Genetic polymorphisms causing Ser49Gly and Gly389Arg mutants of β1-adrenoceptor may result in significant changes in the function of this receptor.The aim of the present study was to investigate the frequencies of the Ser49Gly and Gly389Arg mutant alleles in healthy Chinese populations and to investigate the differences between 2 Chinese ethnic groups (Han and Dai populations) with respect to the frequencies of these alleles. Methods: A total of 225 Han Chinese and 175 Dai Chinese unrelated healthy volunteers were recruited for this study.Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood leukocytes by using a standard manual chloroform-phenol extraction. Fragments spanning the 2 polymorphisms were amplified by using polymerase chain reaction with template genomic DNA and relevant primers. The DNA products including the polymorphic loci were subjected to restriction endonuclease digestion with Eco0l09I and BcgI.Digested fragments were detected with an ultraviolet detector after electrophoresis (100 V for approximately 1.5 h). Results: The frequencies of the Gly49 and Arg389 alleles were, respectively, 16.2% and 76.4% in the Han population and 14.6%and 75.7% in the Dai population. Conclusion: The polymorphisms causing the Ser49Gly and Gly389Arg mutations of the β1-adrenoceptor existed in both healthy Han and Dai Chinese populations. The frequencies of the Ser49Gly and Gly389Arg mutant alleles were not significantly different in the Han and Dai populations.However, the frequency of the Gly389 variant seems to be significantly lower in these 2 populations than in an African-American population.

  20. Van huis naar school.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Levelt, P.B.M.

    1989-01-01

    In the Netherlands about two and a half million children are going each day to school as pedestrian, as cyclist or as moped- rider. It is important to remember that these children are forced by the society to go to school and the society has therefore the responsibility for the safe journey to schoo

  1. Símbolo y forma: los hermanos Grimm en Richard Wagner

    OpenAIRE

    Miguel Salmerón Infante

    2015-01-01

    This paper examines how and why Grimm´s Tales are present in Richard Wagner´s works. Providing with a more specific approach to this reflection, this analysis focusses on Siegfried, the densest Wagner´s Musical drama according fairy tales atmosphere in his opera omnia, and the influences and the thematical, formal and linguistical appropiations from the KHM, already studied. The article gives for granted that there are two elements used by Wagner in his musical dramas: symbols for the articul...

  2. Diagnosis and authority in the early-twentieth-century medical practice of Richard C. Cabot.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crenner, Christopher

    2002-01-01

    This paper examines diagnostic practices using the early twentieth-century medical literature and the patient correspondence and records from the clinic of Richard Cabot. What shaped medicine's rapidly growing persuasive authority in the twentieth century? Diagnostic expertise demonstrated the doctor's control over disease but offered a service of ambiguous value to patients. Cabot and his peers offered differing views on how new diagnostic techniques would influence their relationships to their patients. In his busy private clinic Cabot put into effect an exacting diagnostic process, modeled on his innovative Clinicopathological Conferences. The people who came to the clinic often sought his technical expertise but accepted his diagnostic practices and opinions sometimes only provisionally.

  3. Richard Rufus's theory of mixture: a medieval explanation of chemical combination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weisberg, Michael; Wood, Rega

    2003-05-01

    Richard Rufus of Cornwall offered a novel solution to the problem of mixture raised by Aristotle. The puzzle is that mixts or mixed bodies (blood, flesh, wood, etc.) seem to be unexplainable through logic, even though the world is full of them. Rufus's contribution to this long-standing theoretical debate is the development of a modal interpretation of certain Averroistic doctrines. Rufus's account, which posits that the elemental forms in a mixt are in accidental potential, avoids many of the problems that plagued non-atomistic medieval theories of mixture. This paper is an initial examination of Rufus' account.

  4. Willibrords wijnfles. Autorisatie en memorisatie van de contrareformatorische boodschap in Richard Verstegens Nederlantsche antiquiteyten (1613

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Coen Maas

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available In the Nederlantsche antiquiteyten (1613 by Richard Verstegen, the national past, and especially the conversion of the Low Countries by St. Willibrord, is used as ammunition for a Counter-Reformation argument. Precisely this shift of the theological discussion to the historical domain provided Verstegen with the means for an effective authorization of his arguments (including citations, truth claims and self-presentation as a critical investigator. In addition, Verstegen made smart use of the iconography of St. Willibrord on the title page of the work. He thus created a vivid image that would facilitate the recollection of the text's main arguments.

  5. Richard Buchminster Fuller : Prototipos para la industrialización de la vivienda.

    OpenAIRE

    MONFORT BALLESTER, LARA

    2015-01-01

    En el documental de Robert Snyder, Richard Buchminster Fuller (1895-1983), muestra su determinación de cambiar al hombre y la sociedad por medio del diseño de la vivienda. Arquitecto, ecologista, matemático, cartógrafo, filósofo, ingeniero, inventor, futurista y maestro, es uno de los pensadores norteamericanos más destacados del siglo veinte. El trabajo se centrará en la evolución de los prototipos de vivienda que el arquitecto fue planteando a lo largo de toda su vida. El estudio pretend...

  6. The Rain on Underground Porous Media Part Ⅰ: Analysis of a Richards Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Christine BERNARDI; Adel BLOUZA; Linda EL ALAOUI

    2013-01-01

    The Richards equation models the water flow in a partially saturated underground porous medium under the surface.When it rains on the surface,boundary conditions of Signorini type must be considered on this part of the boundary.The authors first study this problem which results into a variational inequality and then propose a discretization by an implicit Euler's scheme in time and finite elements in space.The convergence of this discretization leads to the well-posedness of the problem.

  7. Símbolo y forma: los hermanos Grimm en Richard Wagner

    OpenAIRE

    Miguel Salmerón Infante

    2015-01-01

    This paper examines how and why Grimm´s Tales are present in Richard Wagner´s works. Providing with a more specific approach to this reflection, this analysis focusses on Siegfried, the densest Wagner´s Musical drama according fairy tales atmosphere in his opera omnia, and the influences and the thematical, formal and linguistical appropiations from the KHM, already studied. The article gives for granted that there are two elements used by Wagner in his musical dramas: symbols for the articul...

  8. VIDA URBANA E MODERNIDADE NAS OBRAS DE CARL SCHORSKE, RICHARD SENNET E MARSHALL BERMAN.

    OpenAIRE

    Augustus Sêga, Rafael

    2001-01-01

    O presente artigo pretende fazer uma breve exposição dos livros de Carl E. Schorske, "Viena fin-desiècle, política e cultura."; de Richard Sennet, "O declínio do homem público, as tiranias da intimidade."; e de Marshall Berman, "Tudo que é sólido desmancha no ar, a aventura da modernidade." Procuramos tecer uma rede capaz de captar as manifestações sobre vida urbana e modernidade nas obras de autores com formações acadêmicas distintas e como eles abordam tais questões. Para tanto, assuntos di...

  9. Through The Large Glass: Richard Hamilton’s Reframing of Marcel Duchamp

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bryony Bery

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Combining art historical and technical perspectives, this paper examines Richard Hamilton’s 1965–6 reconstruction of Marcel Duchamp’s Large Glass and the wider repercussions that Hamilton’s actions have had on our understanding of replication and the idea of authorship. The dramatic history of the work is unpacked thoroughly and provides a platform for thinking about the precariousness of materials and meanings, and the slippages that occur when replicas become part of the story of a work, an artist and an institution.

  10. Antonín Dvořák and Richard Wagner

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabrijelova Jarmila

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The essay deals with the relation of prominent Czech composer Antonín Dvořák (1841–1904 to the personality and work of Richard Wagner (1813–1883. As opposed to the common opinions linking Dvořák’s name with Wagner‘s ideological opponents and placing his ‘Wagnerian’ period in the early phase of his career only, our examination shows that Dvořák’s interest in Wagner and his music was of deep and lasting nature and was significant for him throughout the whole of his life.

  11. Uma encruzilhada estético-musical: “Música do futuro” de Richard Wagner

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Mesquita

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available O ensaio “Música do futuro” de Richard Wagner foi escrito em um momento crítico na vida do compositor. Ele procurava se afastar de conceitos divulgados por ele em textos anteriores e percebia claramente a distância entre seus ideais teóricos da década de 1840 sobre a obra de arte total (Gesamtkunstwerk e sua prática composicional da década de 1850. O texto aqui apresentado investiga as contradições entre reflexão e prática wagnerianas durante o período mencionado.

  12. 14C levels in the vicinity of the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant prior to the 2011 accident

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Xu, Sheng; Cook, Gordon T.; Cresswell, Alan J.

    2016-01-01

    A 50-year-old Japanese cedar (Cryptomeria japonica) from Okuma, ∼1 km southwest of the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant, was cored and each annual ring was analysed for 14C. The 14C specific activity values varied from 330.4 Bq kg−1 C in the tree ring formed in 1971 to 231.2 Bq kg−1 C...... discharges from the reactors during their normal operations. In addition, the specific activities are positively correlated with the annual electricity generation values. The excess 14C specific activities were ... and consequently no significant radiological impact of atmospheric 14C discharges from the FDNPP during the entire period of normal operations. Additionally, no 14C pulse in activity can be observed in the year 2011 ring. This might be caused by a limited 14C release from the damaged reactors during the accident...

  13. Abatement of morphine-induced slowing in gastrointestinal transit by Dai-kenchu-to, a traditional Japanese herbal medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakamura, Tomonori; Sakai, Akiko; Isogami, Issei; Noda, Kazuhiro; Ueno, Koichi; Yano, Shingo

    2002-02-01

    As a way of alleviating severe constipation in cancer patients taking morphine to relieve pain, effects of Dai-kenchu-to (DKT), a traditional Japanese herbal medicine (Kampo medicine), on gastrointestinal transit in mice or on the isolated guinea pig ileum were studied in special reference to morphine. Without altering the anti-nociceptive effect of morphine, DKT was significantly effective against morphine-induced disorder of gastrointestinal transit in mice as assessed by the charcoal meal test for the intestine and measurement of transit time for the colon tract. The results of in vitro studies with guinea pig ileum suggest that abatement of morphine-induced disorder of transit by DKT is caused by both moderate contraction of morphine-treated longitudinal muscle and relaxation of morphine-induced tonic contraction of circular muscle.

  14. L'evoluzione della fisica sviluppo delle idee dai concetti iniziali alla relatività e ai quanti

    CERN Document Server

    Einstein, Albert

    1965-01-01

    Pubblicato in inglese alla vigilia della Seconda guerra mondiale e subito proposto in traduzione, L’evoluzione della fisica dovette aspettare la fine del conflitto per vedere la sua pubblicazione in Italia. Da allora (1948) questo testo non ha più smesso di rappresentare un punto di riferimento obbligato per il concetto stesso di divulgazione scientifica e per la fisica in particolare. Scritto dai protagonisti assoluti della rivoluzione della fisica relativistica e quantistica, ma destinato a un pubblico di non specialisti, il libro che avete tra le mani è il testo fondativo della moderna divulgazione delle idee, la pietra di paragone di ogni altro libro di fisica, che permette di intuire la straordinaria importanza e il valore rivoluzionario della svolta della fisica del Novecento.

  15. 戴季陶新闻思想初探%Inquiry Into the Thoughts on News of Jitao Dai

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许同文

    2013-01-01

      戴季陶认为报刊的作用在于传递信息、启发民智;新闻要有一定的倾向性、真实性、趣味性;报纸的功能在于监督政府、为民谋利;言论自由是一种“天赋人权”。%Dai Ji-tao think the role of newspapers is to deliver information,inspire wisdom of the people;The News should be tendency, authenticity,and fun;The newspaper's function is to supervise the government and make the people’s life better; Freedom of speech is a kind of "natural rights".

  16. 129I and 137Cs in groundwater in the vicinity of Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Xu, Sheng; Zhang, Luyuan; Freeman, Stewart P.H.T.;

    2016-01-01

    This paper reports iodine (127I and 129I) and cesium (137Cs) isotope concentrations in groundwater of confined and unconfined aquifers in the vicinity of the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant (FDNPP). 127I and 129I concentrations range from 2–13 μg/L and 5 × 107–8 × 1010 atom/L respectively......, resulting in 129I/127I atomic ratios from 5 × 10–9 to 2 × 10–6. In all samples, 137Cs concentrations were below detection limit. The deep-sealed groundwater from the confined aquifer did not contain significant quantities of Fukushima-derived 129I compared to the groundwater in the unconfined aquifer...

  17. 回药少尼子的本草考证%Research on Materia Medica of Hui Herbal Medicine ShaoNiZi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨丽娟; 何婷; 高如宏

    2016-01-01

    According to the record in YanXingLu, prophet Mohammed said Hui medicine can cure many of disease. So we made a research on materia medica of Hui Herbal Medicine ShaoNiZi in Huihui prescriptions from several aspects, including Species research, historical records, origin, chemical composition, pharmacological ef-fects, traditional and modern medicine usage, and security as well, and found that it is the dry mature seed of the Ra-nunculaceae Nigella sativa L. Because of its wide therapeutic range, safety and non-toxic, it values to research.%《言行录》记载回药少尼子能够治疗许多疾病。因此本研究从品种考证、历史记载、产地、化学成分、药理作用、传统及现代医学用法、安全性等方面对《回回药方》中少尼子进行本草考证研究,确定其为毛茛科植物家黑种草 Nigella sativa L.的干燥成熟种子,其治疗范围极其广泛,且安全无毒,具有很大的研究价值。

  18. The Banquet Music of Hui Nationality in the Inheritance and the Variation%回族宴席曲的传承及流变

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓君

    2015-01-01

    回族宴席曲是西北流行的古老民间音乐形式,是我国民间音乐文化艺术的奇葩。它既保留了本民族的音乐特征又吸收了多民族音乐文化元素,演唱中自然夹杂了本民族语言及地方方言等词汇,特色鲜明,韵味独特。本文对回族宴席曲的传承和流变进行了概述,并通过典型的例子诠释了回族宴席曲的流变。%The Banquet music of Hui nationality is an ancient folk music in the northwest and a miracle of Chinese folk music culture .It retains the national music characteristics and absorbs other national music cultural elements ,singing naturally mixed with their native language and dialect ,which are distinctive and peculiar .In this paper ,the inheritance and evolvement of the Banquet music of Hui nationality are summa‐rized ,and the evolvement is interpreted by typical examples .

  19. Atmospheric transport and deposition of radionuclides released after the Fukushima Dai-chi accident and resulting effective dose

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marzo, Giuseppe A.

    2014-09-01

    On 11 March 2011 an earthquake off the Pacific coast of the Fukushima prefecture generated a tsunami that hit Fukushima Dai-ichi and Fukushima Da-ini Nuclear Power Plants. From 12 March a significant amount of radioactive material was released into the atmosphere and dispersed worldwide. Among the most abundant radioactive species released were iodine and cesium isotopes. By means of an atmospheric dispersion Lagrangian code and publicly available meteorological data, the atmospheric dispersion of 131I, 134Cs, and 137Cs have been simulated for three months after the event with a spatial resolution of 0.5° × 0.5° globally. The simulation has been validated by comparison to publicly available measurements collected in 206 locations worldwide. Sensitivity analysis shows that release height of the radionuclides, wet deposition velocity, and source term are the parameters with the most impact on the simulation results. The simulation shows that the radioactive plume, consisting of about 200 PBq by adding contributions from 131I, 134Cs, and 137Cs, has been transported over the entire northern hemisphere depositing up to 1.2 MBq m-2 nearby the NPPs to less than 20 Bq m-2 in Europe. The consequent effective dose to the population over a 50-year period, calculated by considering both external and internal pathways of exposure, is found to be about 40 mSv in the surroundings of Fukushima Dai-ichi, while other countries in the northern hemisphere experienced doses several orders of magnitude lower suggesting a small impact on the population health elsewhere.

  20. The wish to be hated: Richard III's villainy in pursuit of the bad-enough object.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosen, Irwin C

    2013-12-01

    Richard III's legendary villainy, in addition to its obvious role in furthering his ambition for power, arguably had deeper psychological roots: motives embedded in the developmental unfolding of his complex relationship with a severely traumatized and rejecting mother. The theoretical formulations of Ronald Fairbairn are used to show that Richard's villainy preserved and perpetuated a specific object-tie to his mother, that of being her demonized and despised "child of hate," and that many of his victims, especially women, served as maternal surrogates in his lifelong quest to replicate his maternal "bad-enough object." Similar patterns of severe relational disturbance pervade many of the mother-son dyads portrayed in Shakespeare's other plays, a repetitive theme that may well be linked to the playwright's own mother's history of severe loss and depression during his infancy and its impact on her ability to provide her son with bountiful emotional nurturance. A collateral issue is also addressed-the narcissistically embedded bonding difficulties between parents and their disabled children, whose visible impairment is said to give rise to greater adjustment problems than does the medical severity of the condition itself.

  1. Persona-lly Appealing: Benjamin Franklin’s Poor Richard and Authorial Self-Representation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia F. Tarantello

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available While scholarship on Benjamin Franklin’s Autobiography describes his use of persona in nuanced terms, scholarship on Franklin’s earlier writings tends to characterize his use of persona as simply a device he used to eliminate personal details from his texts. This article, focused on Franklin’s Poor Richard persona, argues that he conceived of literary persona not simply as a tool to protect his anonymity, but also as a means of self-promotion and self-representation. Franklin used Poor Richard to make a space for himself in the literary marketplace, build a readership for the almanac, and create a positive public reputation for himself. Franklin’s early experiments in performing sincerity and authenticity through an invented personality prefigure the performances of identity he would deploy through his authorial persona in The Autobiography. Thus, by examining Franklin’s construction of identity in Poor Richard’s Almanack, we learn more about how he crafted a public identity for himself.

  2. Charisma and Routine: Shaping the Memory of Brother Richard and Joan of Arc

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew Brown

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The extraordinary life and fate of Joan of Arc are well known; so is her association with the prophetic preacher, Brother Richard, who predicted the Apocalypse. Less well explained is why contemporaries initially took such an interest in this association, and how and why it began to fade from official memory after Joan’s death. Max Weber’s concepts of “charisma” and “routinization” offer valuable tools to deal with these questions. Both Joan and Richard have earned the title “charismatic” but interest in the preacher has generally been secondary to interest in the Maid. A more rigorous adoption of Weber’s meaning of charisma, however, helps to clarify what the relative importance of these figures was in the eyes of contemporaries. It also shifts attention to the significance of messianic prophecy in the years surrounding Joan’s life, the anxieties it generated and the way it was dealt with. In this context, the processions and commemorative ceremonies organized by townspeople, churchmen and royalty during this period deserve further analysis. Seen as forces of “routine”, these ceremonies assume a greater significance than they have usually been granted, as processes that managed the memory of charismatic phenomena.

  3. Richard Lindau y el museo de arte japonés de Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bru Turull, Ricard

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Richard Lindau resided as a diplomat in Japan between 1866 and 1868, where he acquired in Edo (Tokyo an extensive and exceptional collection of Japanese art. After being named German consul in Barcelona (1876, Lindau offered his collection to the public by opening his residence in the centre of the city as a Japanese Museum. This paper aims to recover the history of this forgotten collection, which constituted one of the first private museums of Japanese art in Southern Europe.

    Richard Lindau residió como diplomático en Japón entre 1866 y 1868, durante los años de transición entre el shogunato Tokugawa y el nuevo sistema imperial Meiji. Lindau estuvo en el archipiélago nipón en el momento oportuno para adquirir una excepcional colección de arte japonés. Trasladado a Barcelona en 1876 como cónsul de Alemania, Lindau ofreció la colección al público abriendo su residencia y anunciándola como Museo Japonés. Este artículo recupera la historia de la colección olvidada de uno de los primeros museos privados de arte japonés del sur de Europa.

  4. 甘肃临夏回族自治州回族老年人根面龋发病状况的抽样调查与分析%Incidence of root caries in Hui elderly people of Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture:a sampling survey

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    司庆宗; 安晓莉; 李淼; 马占海; 马玉梅; 赵望泓

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the incidence of root caries in Hui elderly people of Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture, Gansu Province. Methods Root caries in 436 Hui elderly people aged 65 -74 years and their clinical examination were investigated with questionnaire by random sampling according to the third national oral health survey standards and methods. Results The incidence of root caries in Hui elderly people of Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture was 28. 90% , with mean number of root caries of 0. 42. No significant difference was found in the incidence of root caries between urban and rural areas and between male and female (P >0.05). The filling rate of root caries was only 0. 68%. The root caries index ( RCI) value was 2. 85% and 2.76% , respectively, in the distal and mesial surfaces. The RCI value was higher in maxillary teeth than in corresponding mandibular teeth. Root caries involving one root surface was detected in 88. 7% of Hui elderly people. Logistic regression analysis showed that frequency of teeth brushing and sugar food intake was closely related with the occurrence of root caries in Hui elderly people of Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture ( OR; 0. 492,95%C7:0.317 to 0.764,P =0.002;OR:l. 654,95%C/:1.033 to 2.648,P =0.036). Conclusion The incidence of root caries in Hui elderly people of Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture is low due to their good oral health and life habits. However, root caries is rarely treated, thus needing instructions on their oral health and taking more preventive measures against their oral diseases.%目的 了解并分析甘肃省临夏回族自治州回族老年人根面龋发病状况.方法 按照第三次全国口腔健康流行病学调查标准和方法,采用多阶段分层等容量随机抽样方法对436例临夏回族65 ~ 74岁老年人进行问卷调查及根面龋的口腔临床检查.结果 临夏市65 ~ 74岁回族老年人恒牙根面龋患病率为28.90%,龋均为0.42.患龋率和龋均在城乡和性别

  5. Application of the Richards function to the description of leaf area growth in maize (Zea mays L.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrzej Grzegorczyk

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The leaf area growth in maize was approximated basing on the Richards function in the form of: y=A[l+b exp(-kt]1/(1-m . The constant coefficients of the Richards function were found by means of the Marquardt's method. The initial values of parameters were given basing on results of the preliminary approximation of the growth process by means of logistic function y = A[l+b exp(-kt]-1. The procedure of nonlinear regression was found to be useful (curvilinear determination coefficient R2 = 0.995. The Richards curve precisely describes the course of changes of the leaf area in maize since sprouting to a tassel flowering phase.

  6. 论回族的宗教信仰与养生保健%On Religious Beliefs and Health Preservation of Hui Group

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱国明

    2015-01-01

    In the perspective of Hui Muslims ,birth ,aging ,illness and death are the eternal laws of nature ,which are irresistible to human beings .Death of the mortal body is not the end but the continuum of human life and it may resurrect in the after life .Such a view of life has determined their ways of living different from Chinese Taoists who pursue immortal lives .The health preservation concepts of the Hui group are closely linked with their religious beliefs and living habits which influence their health values .From the perspective of traditional Chinese health preservation culture ,the religious activities and habits of Hui Muslims contain profound knowledge of health preservation .Meanwhile ,some of the wisdom and rationale can definitively serve as valuable guidance and inspiration for modern people in their pursuit of a healthy and satisfying life .%在回族穆斯林的思想观念中,生老病死是永恒的自然规律,不可抗拒。今世的死亡不是人生的结束,而是人生的继续,人的生命在后世还会复活。这样的生命观决定了他们不可能像中国道家一样去寻求长生不老的方式方法来延长自己的生命。回族穆斯林的养生保健,与他们的宗教信仰以及由其影响的健康生活习惯有密切的联系。在中国传统养生文化看来,回族穆斯林的宗教活动和日常生活习惯包含了丰富的养生之道。其中一些合理的观念和行为对当前人们的身心健康也具有重要的启示和借鉴作用。

  7. Translation as Cultural Mediation in the Works of I. A. Richards

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    塞瑞斯·哈姆林

    2002-01-01

    This essaydiscusses the works of I.A. Richards ( 1893 - 1979), one of the founders and leading practitioners of the New Criticism,in the theory and practice of translation. Beginning with his book Mencius on the Mind (1932), which resulted from his initial stay in China as Visiting Professor at Tsinghua University, Richards approached the problem of translation in conjunction with his theory of multiple definition and the plurality of meaning in language. His-later works in conjunction with his teaching i n the program of General Education at Harvard University focused on the major texts of Ancient Greek culture, Homer' s Iliad and Plato' s Republic. His versions of both these works in simplified English are intended to make them accessible to the general reader. Finally, it is argued that Richards'works as a poet in the final stage of his career, when he produced a free adaptation of the Book of Job from the Bible, constitutes an exercise in cultural mediation through dramatic performance.%本文讨论了新批评代表人物和在翻译理论与实践中都有建树的理查兹的著作.《孟子论心智》(1 932)是他在清华大学任客座教授时的产物,在这本书中,理查兹探讨了与他的多重定义之理论及语言的多重意义相关的翻译问题.他后期的著述则与他在哈佛大学从事普通教育相关,那时他所关注的是古希腊文化的主要文本,即荷马的《伊利亚特》和柏拉图的《理想国》.他用简单的英文对这两部著述的翻译意在使普通读者能读懂.最后,作者论证道,理查兹后期作为一位诗人还改编了圣经的约伯书,从而形成了他通过戏剧表演来达到一种文化中介的实践.

  8. ‘I keepe my watche, and warde’: Richard Robinson’s Rewarde of Wickednesse (1574

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emily Buffey

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available In response to the recent call to re-evaluate what C.S. Lewis called the ‘Drab Age’, the article reassesses one sixteenth-century poem, The Rewarde of Wickednesse (1574, and its author, Richard Robinson. The poem is framed in such a way that the topos of service is central to an understanding of Robinson’s authorial identity, an identity determined by his proclaimed status within the household of the sixth Earl of Shrewsbury. The poet claims to be one ‘of a hundreth’ serving the family during the captivity of Mary, Queen of Scots. The article locates the Rewarde of Wickednesse within the relevant geographical, literary and socio-political contexts and reveals aspects of Robinson’s artistry that have remained hitherto unexplored.

  9. Gandhi and the 'struck-off' doctor, Thomas Richard Allinson (1858-1918).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott, Christopher John

    2010-08-01

    Gandhi visited London on several occasions. During two of these visits, when he was a law student from 1888 and again in 1914, he met Thomas Richard Allinson, a controversial doctor whose name was erased from the Medical Register in 1892. While in London studying for the bar, Gandhi was influenced in his search for a suitable vegetarian diet by the writings and personal support of Allinson. Although disagreeing profoundly with Allinson's views on birth control, he spoke up in defence of his right to hold them--probably the first time Gandhi challenged authority and an occasion which shows him as a tongue-tied young man but even then having a personal moral code that gives insight into the character of the future Mahatma. On Gandhi's further visit to England in 1914 Allinson, although no longer on the Medical Register, treated Gandhi for pleurisy, apparently partially successfully when orthodox medicine had failed.

  10. Analytical and grid-free solutions to the Lighthill-Whitham-Richards traffic flow model

    KAUST Repository

    Mazaré, Pierre Emmanuel

    2011-12-01

    In this article, we propose a computational method for solving the Lighthill-Whitham-Richards (LWR) partial differential equation (PDE) semi-analytically for arbitrary piecewise-constant initial and boundary conditions, and for arbitrary concave fundamental diagrams. With these assumptions, we show that the solution to the LWR PDE at any location and time can be computed exactly and semi-analytically for a very low computational cost using the cumulative number of vehicles formulation of the problem. We implement the proposed computational method on a representative traffic flow scenario to illustrate the exactness of the analytical solution. We also show that the proposed scheme can handle more complex scenarios including traffic lights or moving bottlenecks. The computational cost of the method is very favorable, and is compared with existing algorithms. A toolbox implementation available for public download is briefly described, and posted at http://traffic.berkeley.edu/project/downloads/lwrsolver. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

  11. FEMINEIDAD Y FICCIÓN EN LA OBRA OPERÍSTICA DE RICHARD STRAUSS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María José Sánchez Usón

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available After the death of Wagner and Brahms, Richard Strauss emerged as one of the most important and popular in the history of music of the 20th. century composers. His eventful and turbulent life and professional career, as well as the decades that he lived, were marked by the female reality. It is undeniable that the women in the life of Strauss, were strong and had distinctive personalities, they left marks on him so deep that he felt necessary to take them to the scene, not only as a valuable contribution to the female character type, but also as a personal therapeutic exercise. Thus, real and fictional women are confused in their works in a unique creative process: of the man-artist

  12. Richard Feynman's popular lectures on quantum electrodynamics: The 1979 Robb lectures at Auckland University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dudley, J. M.; Kwan, A. M.

    1996-06-01

    The subject of quantum electrodynamics (QED) was the subject of QED—The Strange Theory of Light and Matter, the popular book by Richard Feynman which was published by Princeton University Press in 1985. On p. 1, Feynman makes passing reference to the fact that the book is based on a series of general lectures on QED which were, however, first delivered in New Zealand. At Auckland University, these lectures were delivered in 1979, as the Sir Douglas Robb lectures, and videotapes of the lectures are held by the Auckland University Physics Department. We have carried out a detailed examination of these videotapes, and we discuss here the major differences between the original Auckland lectures and the published version. We use selected quotations from the lectures to show that the original lectures provide additional insight into Feynman's character, and have great educational value.

  13. Richard Wagner, Louis de Fourcaud, and a Path for French Opera in the 1880s

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Hélène Benoit-Otis

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available In a much-quoted interview with Richard Wagner conducted by the French critic Louis de Fourcaud in 1879, and published in different versions in 1880, 1884, and 1886, the composer allegedly advised the French to write operas drawing on their own legendary sources. Contemporary works such as d’Indy’s Fervaal, Chausson’s Le Roi Arthus, and Massenet’s Esclarmonde suggest that Fourcaud’s interview did indeed have a profound impact on the Wagnerian movement in France. However, a close examination of the sources reveals that his text owes much less to Wagner than scholars have previously assumed: in fact, evidence suggests that the most important part of the interview (that is, the advice to French composers was added by Fourcaud himself after Wagner’s death.

  14. Digital scenography and the mimetic aporia of Richard Wagner's Ring Cycle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jason R. D’Aoust

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the visual friction between the concealment of technology and the need to stage mimetic scenes in Richard Wagner's Der Ring des Nibelungen. The article relies on the critical reception of the Wagnerian Gesamtkunstwerk in musicology, as well as in media, performance, and theatre studies. Drawing on productions and commentaries critical of the iconic Gesamtkunstwerk's attempted retrieval of a lost natural state, the article examines correlations between phantasmagoria, special effects, movement detection technology, and the interactive devices of multimedia and digital scenography. These correlations are framed within a theoretical methodology of historical discourse and media archaeologies. Three specific productions of the Ring are discussed, namely the inaugural and centenary productions at the Bayreuth Festspielhaus, as well as Robert Lepage's production for the Metropolitan Opera of New York in 2010–2012.

  15. Book review: Unholy trinity: The IMF, World Bank and WTO Richard Peet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Breitenbach

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available In this timely book Richard Peet and his team lay the foundation with an excellent analysis of the process of globalisation and the resultant emergence of the global economy. The authors are especially critical of the increasing influence of institutions like the International Monetary Fund (IMF, World Bank and World Trade Organisation (WTO on the economy and the consequences experienced by peoples, cultures and the environment. The single ideology of neo-liberalism is blamed for the undesirable outcomes. This book considers concepts of power, political interest, hegemony, discourse, responsibility and the power of practicality, in critically examining the IMF, World Bank and WTO. The conclusion is reached that “all three institutions play roles greatly different from those originally agreed to under the charters that set them up”.

  16. Influences of ancient Greek spirit on music romanticism as exemplifies in Richard Wagner's Gesamtkunstwerk

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siopsi Anastasia

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The romantics' ideal of the arts' collaboration (Mischgedichte finds its most substantial equivalent in Richard Wagner's (1813-1883 "total work of art" (Gesamtkunstwerk. This theory for the restoration of the 'lost' unity of arts was elaborated in many theoretical essays of Wagner and 'applied' in his music dramas. Unity of arts, as well as unity of arts with nature existed according to Wagner in Ancient Greece while drama was the epitome of all expressive elements of nature. This "new art of the future", which Wagner envisaged, would restore the 'wholeness' of ancient Greek drama. It is the purpose, therefore, of this study to analyze mainly from an aesthetic point of view the influences of ancient Greek spirit on romantic thought, by focusing on Wagner's work.

  17. Richard Wrangham. Catching fire. How cooking made us Human. Basic Books (Perseus Books Group

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claude-Marcel Hladik

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available L’histoire de l’émergence de l’homme est remise en cause par cet ouvrage puisque jusqu’à présent la plupart des anthropologues et des paléontologues s’accordaient pour faire remonter à environ 500.000 ans les premières utilisations du feu pour la cuisson des aliments par le genre Homo. Les arguments présentés par Richard Wrangham dans son dernier ouvrage nous font remonter aux deux derniers millions d’années. Wrangham et ses collègues avaient publié, dès 1999, les résultats de fouilles au cou...

  18. Richard Byrd, Technological Explorer: Polar Exploration, the Machine, and Heroic Masculinity in Interwar America.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cronin, Marionne

    2016-04-01

    In May 1926, U.S. newspapers were full of the story that Richard Byrd, an American aviator, had become the first person to reach the North Pole by air. The announcement triggered patriotic outpourings across the country and Byrd was widely hailed as a national hero. The young aviator's flight was part of a burgeoning interwar expeditionary practice that placed machines at the heart of new modes of exploration. This development, however, challenged preexisting notions of masculine heroism and threatened to undercut the explorer's heroic status. How then, could Byrd become a national hero? This article analyzes his depiction in the press as a means of exploring interwar Americans' efforts to renegotiate their notions of heroic masculinity in a way that could accommodate the machine without threatening the hero's status. In the process, it argues, these narratives and images defined a new sort of popular hero: the technological explorer.

  19. Profiles in drug metabolism and toxicology: Richard Tecwyn Williams (1909-1979).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Alan Wayne

    2015-01-01

    This article pays homage to the life and work of a veritable pioneer in toxicology and drug metabolism, namely a Welshman, Richard Tecwyn Williams, FRS. Professor Williams, or RT as he was known, made major contributions to knowledge about the metabolism and toxicology of drugs and xenobiotics during a scientific career spanning nearly 50 years. Author or coauthor of close to 400 research articles and reviews, including a classic book, entitled Detoxication Mechanisms, Williams and his research school investigated virtually all aspects of drug metabolism, especially conjugations. In particular, the concepts of phase 1 and phase II metabolic pathways were introduced by Williams; the biliary excretion of drugs was extensively studied as were species differences in drug metabolism and detoxication. Besides investigating the metabolism of many pharmaceutical drugs, such as sulfonamides and thalidomide, Williams and his group investigated the disposition and fate in the body of organic pesticides and recreational drugs of abuse, such as amphetamine, methamphetamine and lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD).

  20. BACK TO THE ORIGINS OF THE REPUDIATION OF WUNDT: OSWALD KÜLPE AND RICHARD AVENARIUS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russo Krauss, Chiara

    2017-01-01

    This essay provides a fresh account of the break between Oswald Külpe and his master Wilhelm Wundt. Kurt Danziger's reconstruction of the "repudiation" of Wundt, which has become the canon for this significant episode of history of psychology, focused on the supposed influence of Ernst Mach on this set of events, overshadowing the other exponent of Empiriocriticism: Richard Avenarius. Analyzing archival documents and examining anew the primary sources, the paper shows that Avenarius was himself a member of Wundt's circle, and that his "repudiation" of the master paved the way for Külpe. The essay points out the original anti-Wundtian aspects of Avenarius' notion of psychology, thus showing how they were then adopted by Külpe.

  1. 伦敦——Richard Rogers建筑大观园

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Esther Au

    2008-01-01

    <正>世界上令人印象深刻的建筑有很多,要数近代有影响力的建筑师,英国的Richard Rogers(1933-)肯定入围。看一看他的履历表,从初出道的Team 4公司在康沃尔设计的Creek Vean House开始发迹,以至伙拍Renzo Piano的法国庞比度中心、伦敦希斯鲁机场、马德里的马德里巴拉哈斯机场、伦敦Lloyd’s Building、威尔斯议会,以至受到全球瞩目的英国千禧巨蛋等,全部均是令人拍案叫绝的人文艺术科学。

  2. Lucien Cuénot, Richard Goldschmidt y Miquel Crusafont Pairó

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Casinos, Adrià

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available An unpublished text, corresponding to a communication done by Crusafont Pairó is analysed. The communication is strongly critical with Cuénot’s necrology published previously by Goldschmidt, where he regrets the teleological ideas on evolution that Cuénot maintained in the last years of his life.Se analiza un texto inédito de Miquel Crusafont Pairó, correspondiente a comunicación que llevó a cabo en la Fundació Bosch i Cardellach, sobre la necrológica de Lucien Cuénot publicada por Richard Goldschmidt. La comunicación es un fuerte ataque a Goldschmidt por sus críticas a la deriva teleológica de Cuénot en los últimos años de su vida.

  3. ROBERT SMITHSON AND RICHARD SERRA: SCULTURE IN THE NEW YORK CONTEXT

    OpenAIRE

    MARTHA TELLES MACHADO DA SILVA

    2008-01-01

    Os trabalhos de Richard Serra e Robert Smithson apresentamuma relação constituitiva com o espaço público da megalópole contemporânea. Explorando a noção de tempo específico da matéria, suas produções expandem a concepção de processo artístico e criam uma tensão com a arquitetura e o espaço institucional da arte. Ao propor a crítica a estes espaços e explorar o mundo, ambas as obras estabelecem um jogo de semelhança com a megalópole, incorporando a racionalidade de seu espaço ético, político e...

  4. Carl Friedrich Richard Foerster (1825-1902) - the inventor of perimeter and photometer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grzybowski, Andrzej; Sobolewska, Bianka

    2015-09-01

    Carl Friedrich Richard Foerster (1825-1902) was a German who was born in the Polish city Leszno. He studied medicine at the Medical Faculty of Breslau (now Wroclaw, Poland) University, and later in Heidelberg and Berlin. From 1855, he worked in Breslau, where he established in 1857 the first ophthalmology clinic. Later, he became a professor in ophthalmology, the first director of the Department of Ophthalmology at the University of Breslau, and even the rector of this University. Forster did many pioneering works on visual fields, invented a photometer and the first perimeter, known for many years as the Foerster perimeter. Moreover, he studied night blindness, visual field changes due to different pathologies, and many eye diseases, including glaucoma, cataract, retinal and choroidal diseases.

  5. Femineidad y ficción en la obra operística de Richard Strauss

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María José Sánchez Usón

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Tras la muerte de Wagner y Brahms, Richard Straussemergió como uno de los compositores más importantesy populares de la música del siglo XX. Su trayectoria vitaly profesional, azarosa y turbulenta, al igual que las décadasque vivió, estuvo marcada por la realidad femenina.Es innegable que las mujeres de la vida de Strauss, todasde fuerte y distintiva personalidad, dejaron en él huellastan hondas que fue necesario llevarlas a escena, no sólocomo una aportación valiosa a la tipología caracterológicafemenina, sino también como un ejercicio terapéuticopersonal. Así, mujeres reales y mujeres ficticias se confundenen sus obras en un proceso creativo único: el delhombre-artista.

  6. Marie-Christine Agosto. Richard Brautigan. Les fleurs de néant.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Bernard Basse

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Richard Brautigan, si on lui reconnaît un certain humour, est souvent associé avec condescendance au phénomène hippy et considéré comme un auteur démodé, superficiel. Celui qui écrivait dans Cahier d’un Retour de Troie : « Les mots sont des fleurs de néant » est pourtant l’un de ces écrivains que l’on pourrait qualifier de mineurs essentiels, et seuls ceux qui l’ont peu ou mal lu s’étonneront de ce que Marie-Christine Agosto ait choisi de donner comme sous-titre « Les fleurs de néant » au pet...

  7. The scientific heritage of Richard Henry Dalitz, FRS (1925-2006)

    CERN Document Server

    Aitchison, Ian Johnston Rhind; Gal, A; Millener, D J; Aitchison, Ian J.R.; Close, Frank E; Gal, Avraham

    2006-01-01

    Professor Richard H. Dalitz passed away on January 13, 2006. He was almost 81 years old and his outstanding contributions are intimately connected to some of the major breakthroughs of the 20th century in particle and nuclear physics. These outstanding contributions go beyond the Dalitz Plot, Dalitz Pair and CDD poles that bear his name. He pioneered the theoretical study of strange baryon resonances, of baryon spectroscopy in the quark model, and of hypernuclei, to all of which he made lasting contributions. His formulation of the "$\\theta-\\tau$ puzzle" led to the discovery that parity is not a symmetry of the weak interactions. A brief scientific evaluation of Dalitz's major contributions to particle and nuclear physics is hereby presented, followed by the first comprehensive list of his scientific publications, as assembled from several sources. The list is divided into two categories: the first, main part comprises Dalitz's research papers and reviews, including topics in the history of particle physics, ...

  8. Harmonic analysis, partial differential equations and applications in honor of Richard L. Wheeden

    CERN Document Server

    Franchi, Bruno; Lu, Guozhen; Perez, Carlos; Sawyer, Eric

    2017-01-01

    This is a collection of contributed papers by many eminent Harmonic Analysts and specialists of Partial Differential equations. The papers focus on weighted norm equalities for singular integrals, focusing wave equations, degenerate elliptic equations, Navier-Stokes flow in two dimensions and Poincare-Sobolev inequalities in the setting of metric spaces equipped with measures among others. Many topics considered in this volume stem from the interests of Richard L. Wheeden whose contributions to Potential Theory, singular integral theory and degenerate elliptic PDE theory this volume honors. Luis Caffarelli, Sagun Chanillo, Bruno Franchi, Cristian Guttierez, Xiaojun Huang, Carlos Kenig, Ermanno Lanconelli, Eric Sawyer and Alexander Volberg, are some of the many contributors to this volume. .

  9. The Transfer of Land Contractual Management Rights in Ethnic Village--A Case Study of Ya’ergou Village in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Based on field survey in Ya’ergou Village,Yuanzhou District,Guyuan City,the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region,we analyze the status quo of the transfer of land contractual management rights in this village,and study the basic information,form,characteristics,and problems concerning the transfer of land contractual management rights in this nationality village.Then corresponding countermeasures are put forward for promoting the transfer of land contractual management rights in ethnic village as follows:strengthening the publicity of the policy in order to improve farmers’ ideological understanding;raising the rent in order to promote the transfer of the land contractual management rights;diverting the governmental investment to the talented people within village;consolidating management and resolving disputes in the transfer timely and effectively.

  10. L’expérience de la carrière scientifique aujourd’hui. Zoom sur le vécu de chercheurs postdoctorants

    OpenAIRE

    Fusulier, Bernard

    2016-01-01

    Cet article vise à alimenter le débat sur la régulation de la science et des carrières scientifiques aujourd’hui. Bien que fondé sur une analyse de l’organisation de la recherche en Belgique, il révèle certains aspects généralisables en particulier au système français. Il repose empiriquement sur une enquête ayant ciblé les chargés de recherches (postdoctorants) du Fonds national de la recherche scientifique (FNRS) initiée en 2010 à l’Université catholique de Louvain. Dans un premier temps, e...

  11. The Research on the Relatives Appellation Words of Zhuang and Dai Language and the Cultural Connotation Reflected by Them%壮、傣语亲属称谓词及其反映的文化内涵研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蓝媛媛

    2015-01-01

    壮语和傣语同属汉藏语系壮侗语族壮傣语支,由于壮、傣两族分离年代久远,在不同地理环境、民族文化等因素的影响下,壮、傣语亲属称谓又有所不同.以广西柳江县、大新县壮语及云南西双版纳傣语为语料,对其亲属称谓词进行调查比较,分析称谓词的异同点并探讨语言发展背后的文化内涵.%The two languages of Zhuang and Dai belong to Zhuang-Dai language branches in Zhuang-Dong Group in Sino-Tibetan language family. Due to the long time of separation between the Zhuang and Dai,and under the influence of different geographical environ?ment,national cultural factors,the family appellations of Zhuang and Dai are also different. This paper takes Zhuang language of Liujiang, Daxin county and Dai language in Xishuangbanna as corpus,comparing Zhuang and Dai Kinship to explore the similarities and differences between the two language branches and the cultural connotation of language development.

  12. 从“区域”到“整体”:回族史研究的历史人类学思考%From Region to Entirety:a Historical Anthropology Study on Hui Muslims’ History

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沙彦奋

    2016-01-01

    目前,回族历史研究主要存在三种取向:一是受传统史学研究的影响,研究材料主要依赖于文献资料,缺乏对民间资料的重视;二是受回族分布格局的影响,区域性特点鲜明;三是受学科的影响,研究方法比较单一。文化的地域性和区域历史的特殊性,是回族历史研究不能忽视的两个方面。突出区域文化在回族历史研究方面有重要的作用。在加强回族区域历史“文本”书写的同时,注重回族史研究的整体建构,是回族历史研究应有之义。%At present, the historical study of the Hui Muslims mainly exists three kinds of orientation , the first was affected by the tradi-tional historical research , which was the materials research mainly depended on the literature ,and lack of attention to the private information;the second was affected by the distribution pattern of Hui Muslims with distinctive regional characteristics;the third was affected by subject, research method is relatively homogeneous .Regional culture and the specialty of regional history are two aspects not be ignored .Highlighting the regional culture plays an important role in the study of Hui Muslims ’ history.While strengthening the “text” writing of the Hui Mus-lims’ regional history, overall construction of the research on Hui Muslims’ history is the significance of the research.

  13. Le fonctionnement en réseau comme élément du contexte d’intervention en santé mentale aujourd’hui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabelle Deliège

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Le contexte dans lequel sont aujourd’hui amenés à intervenir les professionnels de la santé mentale est de plus en plus marqué par les pratiques de collaboration qui se développent au-delà des frontières d’une institution, qu’on appelle aussi le "travail en réseau". Le modèle du réseau s’est construit en opposition à celui de l’institution; ces deux modèles de fonctionnement se différencient tant dans le rapport qu’ils entretiennent au savoir, qu’à la norme et au contrôle. Cet article resitue l’émergence du concept de réseau dans les politiques publiques belges. Le fonctionnement en réseau dans la pratique soulève aussi une série de difficultés et de questions comme la cohabitation des logiques institutionnelles et réticulaires, la répartition de la responsabilité et les modalités de prise de décision, l’intérêt de la formalisation (ou non des procédures, la responsabilisation de l’usager des services de santé mentale et l’articulation des savoirs autant de questions que pose aujourd’hui le contexte d’intervention en santé mentale.

  14. 德宏傣族人生礼仪念词的社会功能研究%Social Functions of Dai Ceremony Lines

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李瑛

    2011-01-01

    From the aspect of sociology of the reading of ceremony lines,the ceremony lines connect each Dai social members,guide them with Dai national morality and ethics,extend Dai cultural customs and function the development and changes in the concept of harmonious society.%念词是具备强烈生活感情的民间文学形式,同时也是蕴含多方面社会功能的民俗表现形式。以德宏傣族人生礼仪念词不同社会功能的结构表现以及社会历史发展进程中念词社会功能的变迁为主要内容,从念词念诵的社会学视角考察发现,在仪式过程中念词完成了对傣族社会成员多方面关系的维系作用,念词担当着傣民族道德与规约的伦理引导,念词蕴涵并延续着傣民族的文化风俗与传统习惯;当下和谐社会理念下念词社会功能得到进一步的发展。

  15. Richard J. Hill, Picturing Scotland through the Waverley Novels: Walter Scott and the Origins of the Victorian Illustrated Novel.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacqueline Irene Cannata

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Richard J. Hill, Picturing Scotland through the Waverley Novels: Walter Scott and the Origins of the Victorian Illustrated Novel . Farnham, Surrey, and Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2010. Pp. 236. ISBN 978-0-7546-6806-0. US$99.99.

  16. From Attar’s “Conference of the Birds” to Richard Bach’s “Jonathan Livingston Seagull”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    کوپا کوپا

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Stories, legends and myths in among various nations have similar factors which can be the subject of different researches and analysis. The search of perfection and model of ideal man is one of these factors. Truly Mantiq Al-tair by Attar-e-Neishaburi is the most beautiful symbolic works of the east in this field (search of perfection which has been imitated by many of writers and poets in all around the world. Richard Bach – one of the idealist writers of the west – has presented almost a similar model named “Jonathan Livingston Seagull”. Certainly from the point of view of theme and the complexity of the story, it is not as great as Mantiq Al-tair by Attar. Is the philosophy of thinking of this writer affected by the theosophy of Attar and his thinking? Or the similarities of these two literary-mystic works, even if Richard Bach doesn’t have seen Mantiq Al-tair by Attar, have arisen from the common innate and inherent ideals among humans and are completely natural and believable? This writing is an effort to answer these questions. In addition it is a comparison between Mantiq Al-tair by Attar-e-Neishaburi and Jonathan Livingston Seagull by Richard Bach. key words: Mantiq Al-tair, Attar-e-Neishaburi, Jonathan Livingston Seagull, Richard Bach, perfect man

  17. Richard Avedon's "In the American West" and Jean-Paul Sartre: An Existential Approach to Art and Value.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dubiel, Richard M.

    1989-01-01

    Examines Richard Avedon's photographic exhibit "In the American West" both as a work of art and as an important link to contemporary philosophical thought, particularly that of Jean-Paul Sartre, through its depiction of the human condition. Notes that the exhibit used as a teaching resource engages students in questions concerning art…

  18. Richard Avedon's "In the American West" and Jean-Paul Sartre: An Existential Approach to Art and Value.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dubiel, Richard M.

    1989-01-01

    Examines Richard Avedon's photographic exhibit "In the American West" both as a work of art and as an important link to contemporary philosophical thought, particularly that of Jean-Paul Sartre, through its depiction of the human condition. Notes that the exhibit used as a teaching resource engages students in questions concerning art and value.…

  19. A soil moisture accounting-procedure with a Richards' equation-based soil texture-dependent parameterization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Given a time series of potential evapotranspiration and rainfall data, there are at least two approaches for estimating vertical percolation rates. One approach involves solving Richards' equation (RE) with a plant uptake model. An alternative approach involves applying a simple soil moisture accoun...

  20. Richards Bay Mesometeorological Data – Vertical profiles of air temperature and wind velocity and surface wind statistics.

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Scholtz, MT

    1978-03-01

    Full Text Available This report details the experimental methods and data obtained in the course of a study of the movement of stable air over a complex region. The field work was carried out in the Richards Bay area on the Natal Coast during the period May to August...

  1. Muusikamaailm : Suur klaveripidu Ruhrimaal. Kissingeni festival tippudega. Sulasoli 80. aastapäev. Richard Rodgers 100 / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    2002-01-01

    6. juuni-17. augustini Ruhrimaal toimuvast klaverifestivalist. Bad Kissingenis toimuvatest suvepidustustest. Soome Lauljate ja Mängijate Liit tähistab asutamise 80. aastapäeva. Helilooja Richard Rodgersi sünnist möödub 100 aastat

  2. Richard Avedon's "In the American West" and Jean-Paul Sartre: An Existential Approach to Art and Value.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dubiel, Richard M.

    1989-01-01

    Examines Richard Avedon's photographic exhibit "In the American West" both as a work of art and as an important link to contemporary philosophical thought, particularly that of Jean-Paul Sartre, through its depiction of the human condition. Notes that the exhibit used as a teaching resource engages students in questions concerning art…

  3. Re-Reconsidering Research on Learning from Media: Comments on Richard E. Clark's "Point of View" Column on Serious Games

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parker, J. R.; Becker, Katrin; Sawyer, Ben

    2008-01-01

    Everything old is new again. In a recent "Point of View" editorial commentary in "Educational Technology," Richard E. Clark revisits the now-famous media-effects debate with a focus on serious games. Clark argues that serious games have little to offer that improves upon traditional methods. This article responds to those claims. While Clark's…

  4. New Directions for Higher Education: Q&A with Richard Ekman on Challenges, Misconceptions Facing Independent Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    DiSalvio, Philip

    2014-01-01

    In April 2013, "NEJHE" launched its "New Directions for Higher Education series" to examine emerging issues, trends and ideas that have an impact on higher education policies, programs and practices. In this installment, DiSalvio interviews Richard Ekman, president of the Council of Independent Colleges (CIC), an association of…

  5. New Directions for Higher Education: Q&A with Richard Ekman on Challenges, Misconceptions Facing Independent Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    DiSalvio, Philip

    2014-01-01

    In April 2013, "NEJHE" launched its "New Directions for Higher Education series" to examine emerging issues, trends and ideas that have an impact on higher education policies, programs and practices. In this installment, DiSalvio interviews Richard Ekman, president of the Council of Independent Colleges (CIC), an association of…

  6. New Directions for Higher Education: Q&A with AGB Prez Richard Legon on Challenges Facing Higher Ed Boards

    Science.gov (United States)

    DiSalvio, Philip

    2013-01-01

    In April, the "New England Journal of Higher Education ("NEJHE") launched its "New Directions for Higher Education" series to examine emerging issues, trends and ideas that have an impact on higher education policies, programs and practices. In this installment, Philip DiSalvio interviews Richard Legon, president of the…

  7. Richard B. Russell Dam and Reservoir: Potential Water Quality Effects of Initial Filling and Decomposition of Vegetation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-01-01

    the retention time of water in the hypo- . limnion and serve to move materials out of the project as soon as they are released rather than permitting...them to accumulate. Influence of oxygen injection on releases 76. Injection of oxygen into releases from the anoxic hypo- limnion of the Richard B

  8. Pretext, Context, Subtext: Textual Power in the Writing of Langston Hughes, Richard Wright, and Martin Luther King, Jr.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogumil, Mary L.; Molino, Michael R.

    1990-01-01

    Studies verbal pretexts, social subtexts, and interpretive contexts of works by Langston Hughes, Richard Wright, and Martin Luther King, Jr. Notes that cultural repression is propagated (and dispelled) in part through the power of language. Notes that these texts are relevant for teaching textual power in hopes of affecting social change. (RS)

  9. Beef contamination by Cs-134 and Cs-137 in Japan, from the Fukushima Dai-ichi NPP accident

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kelecom, Alphonse; Cruz, Camila Oliveira da; Paulo Filho, Guilherme de Souza, E-mail: lararapls@hotmail.com, E-mail: camilabiouff@gmail.com, E-mail: akelecom@id.uff.br [Universidade Federal Fluminense (LARARA-PLS/UFF), Niteroi, RJ (Brazil). Lab. de Radiobiologia e Radiometria Pedro Lopes dos Santos; Pereira, Wagner de S., E-mail: pereiraws@gmail.com [Industrias Nucleares do Brasil (UNB), Pocos de Caldas, MG (Brazil). Servico de Radioprotecao. Grupo Multidisciplinar de Radioprotecao

    2013-07-01

    The most serious earthquake ever registered in Japan occurred on March 11, 2011; it was followed by a tsunami that flowed over the Prefectures of Miyagi and Fukushima destroying roads, cities and rice fields, but also knocking several nuclear power plants. The Dai-ichi plant was seriously damaged and considerable amounts of radioactivity were release contaminating atmosphere, soil, ocean and associated fauna and flora. A major environmental monitoring program started covering the Japanese territory and the sea along the coasts of Miyagi, Fukushima and Ibaraki. Thousands of measurements were released every day by Japanese authorities, the plant operator and Universities principally looking for the presence of I-131, C{sub s}-134 and C{sub s}-137. Drinking water and aliments were seriously contaminated. We here analyze data released during one year on I-131 and C{sub s}-134,137 radioactive concentrations in cattle meat. Along this period I-131, when observed, was present only in trace amounts, but the contamination by cesium isotopes exceeded legal Japanese limit in several Japanese prefectures, and became an acute national and international economic problem. (author)

  10. Modelling the global atmospheric transport and deposition of radionuclides from the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear accident

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christoudias, T.; Lelieveld, J.

    2013-02-01

    We modeled the global atmospheric dispersion and deposition of radionuclides released from the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant accident. The EMAC atmospheric chemistry - general circulation model was used, with circulation dynamics nudged towards ERA-Interim reanalysis data. We applied a resolution of approximately 0.5 degrees in latitude and longitude (T255). The model accounts for emissions and transport of the radioactive isotopes 131I and 137Cs, and removal processes through precipitation, particle sedimentation and dry deposition. In addition, we simulated the release of 133Xe, a noble gas that can be regarded as a passive transport tracer of contaminated air. The source terms are based on Chino et al. (2011) and Stohl et al. (2012); especially the emission estimates of 131I are associated with a high degree of uncertainty. The calculated concentrations have been compared to station observations by the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organisation (CTBTO). We calculated that about 80% of the radioactivity from Fukushima which was released to the atmosphere deposited into the Pacific Ocean. In Japan a large inhabited land area was contaminated by more than 40 kBq m-2. We also estimated the inhalation and 50-year dose by 137Cs, 134Cs and 131I to which the people in Japan are exposed.

  11. Continuing 137 Cs release to the sea from the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant through 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Kanda

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The rate of cesium-137 (137Cs release to the sea from the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant for the period until September 2012 was estimated. Publicly released data on 137Cs radioactivity in seawater near the power plant by Tokyo Electric Power Company strongly suggest a continuing release of radionuclides to the sea. The plant has an artificial harbour facility, and the exchange rate of harbour water with surrounding seawater was estimated by the decrease in radioactivity immediately after an intense radioactive water release. The estimated exchange rate of water in the harbour was 0.44 d−1 during the period from 6 to 19 April. The 137Cs radioactivity in the harbour water was substantially higher than that of seawater outside and remained relatively stable after June 2011. A quasi-steady state was assumed with continuous water exchange, and the average release rate of 137Cs was estimated to be 93 GBq d−1 in summer 2011 and 8.1 GBq d−1 in summer 2012.

  12. Leggere i Classici in Oriente. Il mito della letteratura occidentale in Dai Sijie, Murakami Haruki, Azar Nafisi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Niccolò Scaffai

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Il saggio prende in considerazione tre opere letterarie recenti (appartenenti tanto alla fiction quanto al genere del non-fiction novel, scritte da altrettanti autori di origini asiatiche: il franco-cinese Dai Sijie, l’iraniana Azar Nafisi e il giapponese Murakami Haruki. In ciascun titolo dei loro rispettivi bestseller internazionali (Balzac e la piccola sarta cinese, Leggere Lolita a Teheran, Kafka sulla spiaggia troviamo un ossimoro dello stesso tipo: il  nome di un autore occidentale canonico viene impiegato in un contesto insolito, legato alla geografia del vicino o dell’estremo Oriente. Ne consegue un effetto di straniamento che finisce per ridare forza alla percezione dell’opera letteraria, forse con maggiore decisione di quanto non sia possibile fare oggi in Occidente. Attraverso l’uso (e il rovesciamento del concetto di ‘orientalismo’ di Edward Said e, per Kafka sulla spiaggia, attraverso l’applicazione di principi della teoria di Lacan, lo studio analizza le dinamiche del trasferimento di miti letterari europei nelle culture orientali.

  13. Analysis of data from sensitive U.S. monitoring stations for the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear reactor accident.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biegalski, S R; Bowyer, T W; Eslinger, P W; Friese, J A; Greenwood, L R; Haas, D A; Hayes, J C; Hoffman, I; Keillor, M; Miley, H S; Moring, M

    2012-12-01

    The March 11, 2011 9.0 magnitude undersea megathrust earthquake off the coast of Japan and subsequent tsunami waves triggered a major nuclear event at the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power station. At the time of the event, units 1, 2, and 3 were operating and units 4, 5, and 6 were in a shutdown condition for maintenance. Loss of cooling capacity to the plants along with structural damage caused by the earthquake and tsunami resulted in a breach of the nuclear fuel integrity and release of radioactive fission products to the environment. Fission products started to arrive in the United States via atmospheric transport on March 15, 2011 and peaked by March 23, 2011. Atmospheric activity concentrations of (131)I reached levels of 3.0×10(-2) Bqm(-3) in Melbourne, FL. The noble gas (133)Xe reached atmospheric activity concentrations in Ashland, KS of 17 Bqm(-3). While these levels are not health concerns, they were well above the detection capability of the radionuclide monitoring systems within the International Monitoring System of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty.

  14. Continuing {sup 137}Cs release to the sea from the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant through 2012

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kanda, J. [Tokyo Univ. of Marine Science and Technology (Japan). Dept. of Ocean Sciences

    2013-07-01

    The rate of cesium-137 ({sup 137}Cs) release to the sea from the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant for the period until September 2012 was estimated. Publicly released data on {sup 137}Cs radioactivity in seawater near the power plant by Tokyo Electric Power Company strongly suggest a continuing release of radionuclides to the sea. The plant has an artificial harbour facility, and the exchange rate of harbour water with surrounding seawater was estimated by the decrease in radioactivity immediately after an intense radioactive water release. The estimated exchange rate of water in the harbour was 0.44 d{sup -1} during the period from 6 to 19 April. The {sup 137}Cs radioactivity in the harbour water was substantially higher than that of seawater outside and remained relatively stable after June 2011. A quasi-steady state was assumed with continuous water exchange, and the average release rate of {sup 137}Cs was estimated to be 93 GBq d{sup -1} in summer 2011 and 8.1 GBq d{sup -1} in summer 2012.

  15. 137Cs vertical migration in a deciduous forest soil following the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakanishi, Takahiro; Matsunaga, Takeshi; Koarashi, Jun; Atarashi-Andoh, Mariko

    2014-02-01

    The large amount of (137)Cs deposited on the forest floor because of the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident represents a major potential long-term source for mobile (137)Cs. To investigate (137)Cs mobility in forest soils, we investigated the vertical migration of (137)Cs through seepage water, using a lysimetric method. The study was conducted in a deciduous forest soil over a period spanning 2 month to 2 y after the Fukushima nuclear accident. Our observations demonstrated that the major part of (137)Cs in the litter layer moved into the mineral soil within one year after the accident. On the other hand, the topsoil prevented migration of (137)Cs, and only 2% of (137)Cs in the leachate from litter and humus layer penetrated below a 10 cm depth. The annual migration below a 10 cm depth accounted for 0.1% of the total (137)Cs inventory. Therefore, the migration of (137)Cs by seepage water comprised only a very small part of the total (137)Cs inventory in the mineral soil, which was undetectable from the vertical distribution of (137)Cs in the soil profile. In the present and immediate future, most of the (137)Cs deposited on the forest floor will probably remain in the topsoil successively, although a small but certain amount of bioavailable (137)Cs exists in forest surface soil.

  16. Continuing 137Cs release to the sea from the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant through 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Kanda

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Rate of cesium-137 (137Cs release to the sea from the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant was estimated until September 2012. Based on publicly released data of 137Cs in seawater near the power plant by Tokyo Electric Power Company, a continuing release of radionuclides to the sea is strongly suggested. The plant has an artificial harbour facility, and the exchange rate of harbour water with surrounding seawater was estimated by decrease of radioactivity immediately after an intense event of radioactive water release. The estimated exchange rate of water in the harbour is 0.44 day−1 during the period from 6 to 19 April 2011. 137Cs radioactivity of the harbour water is substantially higher than seawater outside and remained relatively stable after June 2011. A quasi-steady state was assumed with continuous water exchange, and an average release rate of 137Cs was estimated to be 93 GBq day−1 in summer 2011 and 8.1 GBq day−1 in summer 2012.

  17. 回族人群饮食习惯与胃癌发生的相关性研究%Study on correlation of dietary habits and risk of gastric cancer in Hui population

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨晓辉; 葛箭; 蔡慧珍; 葛云叶

    2012-01-01

    目的 研究回族人群独特的饮食习惯与胃癌患病的相关性,并进一步探讨与回族人群胃癌发病相关的饮食危险因素.方法 采用1∶1配对的病例对照研究方法,问卷调查126例胃癌和贲门癌回族患者以及126例非病例回族人群的饮食习惯,采用单因素和多因素条件Logistic回归模型进行数据分析.结果 经单因素与多因素条件Logistic回归分析结果显示,三餐不定时、常食腌制食品、常食油炸食品均有统计学意义(P<0.05,OR值分别为3.054,2.363,1.915).常食水果可降低胃癌的发生(OR=0.281,P<0.01).结论 三餐不定时、常食腌制食品及常食油炸食品可能会增加回族人群胃癌患病的危险性,而多食水果是回族胃癌的保护因素.%OBJECTIVE To study correlation of the special dietary habits and the risk of gastric cancer in Hui population, and to explore the risk factors of diet associated with gastric cancer in Hui population. METHODS 1:1 matched case-control study was conducted in 126 Hui people with gastric cancer, cardiac carcinoma and normal Hui people. Questionnaire including diet factors was used in the subjects. The data were analyzed by mono-factorial and multi-factorial conditional Logistic regression. RESULTS It revealed in mono-factorial and multi-factorial conditional Logistic regression analysis that there was a significant correlation between taking meals at irregular time, taking pickled foods frequently, taking fried foods frequently and gastric cancer in Hui people with odds ratios of 3.054, 2.363, and 1.915 respectively (P < 0.05). The results also showed that taking fresh fruit frequently was likely to decrease the risk of gastric cancer in Hui people (OR =0.281, P < 0.01). CONCLUSION The study shows that the dietary habits are associated with gastric cancer in Hui population as taking meals at irregular time, taking pickled foods frequently, taking fried foods frequently are the possible risk factors for

  18. The Status and Role of Hui people in Economic Development of Ningxia in Qing Dynasty%回族在清代宁夏经济发展中的地位和作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘锦增

    2016-01-01

    Hui people is an important component of the population of Ningxia in Qing Dynasty.In the early pe-riod of Qing Dynasty, Hui people mainly inhabited in areas like Xiji, Haiyuan, Guyuan, Tongxin, Jinji, Lingzhou, Wuzhong and Pingluo, where agriculture was relatively developed and traffic was relatively convenient, and the pop-ulation of Hui people living in the North was much more than that in the South.In the late Qing Dynasty, Guyuan, Yanchi and Tongxin became their main inhabiting areas.Hui people in Ningxia play an important role in the devel-opment of agriculture, handicraft industry and business in Qing Dynasty.In the long-term economic activities in Qing Dynasty, an economic structure of Hui people in Ningxia was formed in which they were mainly engaged in ag-riculture and concurrently engaged in animal husbandry and handicraft industry.It is very significant for our man-agement of ethnic relations and acceleration of economic development of Ningxia to understand and acknowledge the role Hui people ever played in the economic development of Ningxia in ancient times.%回族是清代宁夏人口的重要组成部分。清代前期,宁夏的回族主要集中在西吉、海原、固原、同心、金积、灵州、吴忠、平罗等农业相对发达、交通较为便利的地区,且北部多于南部。清代后期,固原、同心等地成为回族的聚居区。回族在清代宁夏农牧业、手工业和商业的发展中起了很大作用。清代宁夏的回族在长期的经济活动中,形成了以农业为主,兼营畜牧业、手工业和商业的经济结构。正确认识和了解回族在古代宁夏经济开发中的作用,对于当前正确处理民族关系、加快宁夏经济发展具有重要的意义。

  19. Richards growth model and viability indicators for populations subject to interventions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Selene Loibel

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In this work we study the problem of modeling identification of a population employing a discrete dynamic model based on the Richards growth model. The population is subjected to interventions due to consumption, such as hunting or farming animals. The model identification allows us to estimate the probability or the average time for a population number to reach a certain level. The parameter inference for these models are obtained with the use of the likelihood profile technique as developed in this paper. The identification method here developed can be applied to evaluate the productivity of animal husbandry or to evaluate the risk of extinction of autochthon populations. It is applied to data of the Brazilian beef cattle herd population, and the the population number to reach a certain goal level is investigated.Neste trabalho estudamos o problema de identificação do modelo de uma população utilizando um modelo dinâmico discreto baseado no modelo de crescimento de Richards. A população é submetida a intervenções devido ao consumo, como no caso de caça ou na criação de animais. A identificação do modelo permite-nos estimar a probabilidade ou o tempo médio de ocorrência para que se atinja um certo número populacional. A inferência paramétrica dos modelos é obtida através da técnica de perfil de máxima verossimilhança como desenvolvida neste trabalho. O método de identificação desenvolvido pode ser aplicado para avaliar a produtividade de criação animal ou o risco de extinção de uma população autóctone. Ele foi aplicado aos dados da população global de gado de corte bovino brasileiro, e é utilizado na investigação de a população atingir um certo número desejado de cabeças.

  20. First record of the Asian diaptomid Neodiaptomus schmackeri (Poppe & Richard, 1892 (Crustacea: Copepoda: Calanoida in Europe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuseppe Alfonso

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Albania, as well as a great part of the Balkan area in general, still suffers a lack of environmental studies especially in limnological research. The Dumre plateau, in Central Albania, is characterized by an extraordinary high number of karst lakes in a small geographic area. Despite their environmental peculiarity, very few biological data are to date available for these lakes, none on the zooplankton. For this reason, 15 water bodies located in the central area of the plateau were selected for a preliminary limnological survey carried out in the years 2008-2011. Neodiaptomus schmackeri (Poppe & Richard, 1892, a diaptomid calanoid copepod characterized by a South-Eastern Palearctic - Oriental distribution, and the most widely spread Neodiaptomus species in Asia, was found in 8 lakes of the Dumre area. This finding represents the first record of the species, and of the entire genus Neodiaptomus, for Europe. Several environmental variables were measured to characterize the lakes, and the co-occurring planktonic crustaceans were also identified. Taxonomical drawings and descriptions of the main morphological features of both sexes are herein provided in order to compare the Albanian populations of N. schmackeri with those of the native distribution area of the species. The possible causes which determined the occurrence of this non-indigenous species in several Dumre lakes are discussed.

  1. The Scientific Publications of Richard H. Dalitz, FRS (1925-2006)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aitchison, Ian J.R.; Close, Frank E.; Gal, Avraham; Millener, D.John

    2006-03-29

    Professor Richard H. Dalitz passed away on January 13, 2006. He was almost 81 years old and his outstanding contributions are intimately connected to some of the major breakthroughs of the 20th century in particle and nuclear physics. These outstanding contributions go beyond the Dalitz Plot, Dalitz Pair and CDD poles that bear his name. He pioneered the theoretical study of strange baryon resonances, of baryon spectroscopy in the quark model, and of hypernuclei, to all of which he made lasting contributions. His formulation of the ''{theta} - {tau} puzzle'' led to the discovery that parity is not a symmetry of the weak interactions. A brief scientific evaluation of Dalitz's major contributions to particle and nuclear physics is hereby presented, followed by the first comprehensive list of his scientific publications, as assembled from several sources. The list is divided into two categories: the first, main part comprises Dalitz's research papers and reviews, including topics in the history of particle physics, biographies and reminescences; the second part lists book reviews, public lectures and obituaries authored by Dalitz, and books edited by him. This provides the first necessary step towards a more systematic research of the Dalitz heritage in modern physics.

  2. Richard Rorty:From Anti-metaphysical Neo-Pragmatism to Rejection of Philosophy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Akrami

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Richard Rorty is a neo-Pragmatist philosopher. For three decades, he has attacked the traditional philosophy (from Plato to Kant as well as any other epistemology searching for truth or claiming to mirror the nature in his philosophical works. Rorty holds that, according to the history of philosophy in his reading, there is no final answer to the traditional questions concerning knowledge, truth, and representation. These questions, therefore, should be dissolved and denied. He maintains that knowledge is justified belief, justification, however, being not the consequence of some correspondence between the theory or the statement, but the consequence of conversation, social practice, group consensus, and social solidarity. Rorty also thinks that democracy has priority on philosophy, disagreeing with the thesis that philosophy is the foundation of the rest of culture.Despite of usefulness of some elements and implications of Rorty’s metaphilosophy (such as his emphasis on freedom, democracy, and pluralism as well as his insisting on philosophical humility and avoiding scientific pride, it is faced with several problems, including 1 ignoring the referential and realist features of language, 2 confusing interpretation and reality, 3 eliminating the border between objectivity and subjectivity, 4 interfering of public and private life, and 5 ignoring the need of science, culture, technology and, in particular, politics, in philosophy. The authors try to show and analyze some elements of these problems.

  3. Health Effects Due to Radionuclides Content of Solid Minerals within Port of Richards Bay, South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felix B. Masok

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available This study assessed the radiological health hazards to various body organs of workers working within Transnet Precinct in Richards Bay in Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa due to radionuclide content of mineral ores often stored within the facility. Thirty samples were collected from five mineral ores (rock phosphate, rutile, zircon, coal and hematite and analyzed for 238U, 234U, 226Ra, 210Pb, 235U, 232Th, 228Ra, 228Th and 40K using delayed neutron activation analysis and low energy gamma spectroscopy. Rutile was found to be the most radioactive mineral ore within the facility with 210Pb concentration of 759.00 ± 106.00 Bq·kg−1. Effective annual dose rate in (mSv·y−1 delivered to different organs of the body: testes, bone marrow, whole body, lungs and ovaries from mineral ores were such that dose from mineral ores decreased in the order coal > rutile > rock phosphate > hematite > zircon. The organs with the highest received dose rate were the testes and this received dose was from coal. However, all of the calculated absorbed dose rates to organs of the body were below the maximum permissible safety limits.

  4. Mixed Lagrangian-Eulerian and Eulerian Approach to Discretizing Richards' Equation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeh, G. T.; Tsai, C. H.

    2014-12-01

    This paper presents a robust, efficient numerical solution involving the use of the mixed Lagrangian-Eulerian (LE) method and the Eulerian (L) approach for three dimensional simulations of variably saturated subsurface flow that is described by Richard's equation. The LE approach with its particle tracking algorithm and/or finite element methods (FEM) were employed to discretize interior nodes while the finite element method is selected to set up algebraic equations for boundary nodes. The use of FEM for boundary nodes alleviate the difficulty in dealing with flux and gradient types of boundary conditions. Extrapolations are no longer needed to handle flux or gradient type boundary conditions. In this new mixed LE&E approach, subsurface flow in variably saturated media can be efficiently dealt with. Three examples are provided to demonstrate the efficiency of the proposed approach. First, a one-dimensional column problem is used to compare the accuracy of the mixed LE&E approach versus the traditional Eulerian approach. Second, a three-dimensional drainage problem was simulated to compare the CPU time between two approaches. Third, a three-dimensional pumping well problem was simulated. In all three examples, the mixed LE&E using relatively large time steps yielded superior results in terms of the accuracy and computational efficiency in comparison with the conventional Eulerian approach. The proposed mixed LE&E approach may contribute to the efficient numerical solutions of problems involving moving sharp fronts problems such as groundwater in real-world watersheds.

  5. [The Dr A.H. Heineken Prize for Medicine 2008 awarded to Sir Richard Peto].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knottnerus, J A

    2008-10-11

    The increasingly strong interaction between biomedical and epidemiological research is one of the most important steps forward in medicine and public health since World War II. Crucial breakthroughs were the development of powerful observational epidemiological studies, the introduction of convincingly designed clinical trials, and meta-analyses to objectively summarise the results of multiple studies. For this progress, the work of Sir Richard Peto (born in 1943), epidemiologist and statistician at the University of Oxford, Great Britain, has been essential. Peto combined innovative methodological contributions with large-scaled empirical studies, often based on worldwide collaborations, with a special focus on smoking and health, treatment of breast cancer, and cholesterol-lowering interventions. His work both produced and evoked an impressive evidence base to improve clinical and public health practice. In accordance with the advice of a selection committee of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, he was awarded the Dr A.H. Heineken Prize for Medicine on 2 October 2008.

  6. Modeling and numerical simulation of the Richards equation for infiltration problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iván Cristian Naula Reina

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available One of the most important natural resources we have is the soil and it is of great interest to the society to take care of them and not to pollute it. In the study of this issue, we are going to consider one of the most common forms of soil contamination due to an infiltration process. It is therefore that it is essential to address study and clearly understand this process by developing a mathematician model, which will be a representation of this physicist phenomenon. Then design and implement a computer program that simulates the infiltration of liquid pollutants in a given area. In this paper we will develop a mathematical model for two-dimensional infiltration in the saturated zone of porous media, based on the equation in nonlinear partial differential Richards Also, It will present a numerical solution through finite element method and first order This paper shows the computational implementation using a simulator that presents graphically the process of pollution afflicting the ground, exposed to certain pollutants, such as the oil spill in regions of eastern Ecuador, wastewater near industrial complexes, among others, over a certain period of time. Finally, this paper will allow for remedial studies in the case are already contaminated soils or preventive areas established as hazardous.

  7. LA VERDAD, CONSTRUCTO HUMANO EN LA CONTINGENCIA DEL LENGUAJE: UN PLANTEAMIENTO DESDE RICHARD RORTY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Marcela Pinto P

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available La filosofía del lenguaje surge como la posibilitadora de la búsqueda de la verdad, función que ha acompañado siempre a la filosofía desde su aparición en Grecia. Con el lenguaje como protagonista, recordamos que la verdad ha estado ligada a aquel gracias a la herencia occidental de nuestro pensamiento. En este contexto, Richard Rorty nos plantea que la verdad tan solo está en las proposiciones, fruto de lenguajes elaborados por los hombres. Esta visión se opone a conceptos filosóficos como el esencialismo y el representacionalismo, y a creencias como la labor sacerdotal del filósofo, entre otras cosas. Pero la consecuencia más dura del pensamiento de nuestro autor es la consideración de la filosofía como un género literario más, en el cual la metaforicidad ha estado presente en sus discursos a pesar de su pretensión de objetividad y de erigirse como la develadora de la verdad.

  8. Some exact solutions to the Lighthill Whitham Richards Payne traffic flow equations II

    CERN Document Server

    Infeld, E; Skorupski, A A

    2013-01-01

    We find a further class of exact solutions to the Lighthill Whitham Richards Payne (LWRP) traffic flow equations. As before, using two consecutive Lagrangian transformations, a linearization is achieved. Next, depending on the initial density, we either obtain exact formulae for the dependence of the car density and velocity on $x,t$, or else, failing that, the same result in a parametric representation. The calculation always involves two possible factorizations of a consistency condition. Both must be considered. In physical terms, the lineup usually separates into two offshoots at different velocities. Each velocity soon becomes uniform. This outcome in many ways resembles not only 2013 $J. Phys.$ A: $Math. Theor.$ vol. 46, 365202, arXiv:1302.6948[physics.flu-dyn] (part I) but also the two soliton solution to the Korteweg-de Vries equation. This paper can be read independently of part I. This explains unavoidable repetitions. Possible uses of both papers in checking numerical codes are indicated at the end...

  9. Sexual modernity in the works of Richard von Krafft-Ebing and Albert Moll.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oosterhuis, Harry

    2012-04-01

    The modern notion of sexuality took shape at the end of the nineteenth century, especially in the works of Richard von Krafft-Ebing and Albert Moll. This modernisation of sexuality was closely linked to the recognition of sexual diversity, as it was articulated in the medical-psychiatric understanding of what, at that time, was labelled as perversion. From around 1870, psychiatrists shifted the focus from immoral acts, a temporary deviation of the norm, to an innate morbid condition. In the late nineteenth century, several psychiatrists, collecting and publishing more and more case histories, classified and explained the wide range of deviant sexual behaviours they traced. The emergence of medical sexology meant that perversions could be diagnosed and discussed. Against this background both Krafft-Ebing and Moll articulated a new perspective, not only on perversion, but also on sexuality in general. Krafft-Ebing initiated and Moll elaborated a shift from a psychiatric perspective in which deviant sexuality was explained as a derived, episodic and more or less singular symptom of a more fundamental mental disorder, to a consideration of perversion as an integral part of a more general, autonomous and continuous sexual instinct. Before Sigmund Freud and others had expressed similar views, it was primarily through the writings of Krafft-Ebing and Moll that a new understanding of human sexuality emerged.

  10. U.S. President Richard Milhous Nixon Watches Apollo 11 Recovery

    Science.gov (United States)

    1969-01-01

    U.S. President Richard Milhous Nixon, aboard the U.S.S. Hornet aircraft carrier, used binoculars to watch the Apollo 11 Lunar Mission recovery. The recovery operation took place in the Pacific Ocean where Navy para-rescue men recovered the capsule housing the 3-man Apollo 11 crew. The crew was airlifted to safety aboard the U.S.S. Hornet, where they were quartered in a Mobile Quarantine Facility (MQF) for 21 days post mission. The Apollo 11 mission, the first manned lunar mission, launched from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida via the Saturn V launch vehicle on July 16, 1969 and safely returned to Earth on July 24, 1969. The Saturn V vehicle was developed by the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) under the direction of Dr. Wernher von Braun. Aboard were Neil A. Armstrong, commander; Michael Collins, Command Module (CM) pilot; and Edwin E. Aldrin Jr., Lunar Module (LM) pilot. The CM, piloted by Michael Collins remained in a parking orbit around the Moon while the LM, named 'Eagle'', carrying astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin, landed on the Moon. Armstrong was the first human to ever stand on the lunar surface, followed by Edwin (Buzz) Aldrin. During 2½ hours of surface exploration, the crew collected 47 pounds of lunar surface material for analysis back on Earth. With the success of Apollo 11, the national objective to land men on the Moon and return them safely to Earth had been accomplished.

  11. NASA Administrator Paine and U.S. President Richard Milhous Nixon Await Apollo 11 Splashdown

    Science.gov (United States)

    1969-01-01

    Dr. Thomas Paine, NASA administrator (left) and U.S. President Richard Milhous Nixon wait aboard the recovery ship, the U.S.S. Hornet, for splashdown of the Apollo 11 in the Pacific Ocean. Navy para-rescue men recovered the capsule housing the 3-man crew. The crew was taken to safety aboard the U.S.S. Hornet, where they were quartered in a Mobile Quarantine Facility (MQF). The Apollo 11 mission, the first manned lunar mission, launched from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida via the Saturn V launch vehicle on July 16, 1969 and safely returned to Earth on July 24, 1969. The Saturn V vehicle was developed by the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) under the direction of Dr. Wernher von Braun. Aboard were Neil A. Armstrong, commander; Michael Collins, Command Module (CM) pilot; and Edwin E. Aldrin Jr., Lunar Module (LM) pilot. The CM, piloted by Michael Collins remained in a parking orbit around the Moon while the LM, named 'Eagle'', carrying astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin, landed on the Moon. Armstrong was the first human to ever stand on the lunar surface, followed by Edwin (Buzz) Aldrin. During 2½ hours of surface exploration, the crew collected 47 pounds of lunar surface material for analysis back on Earth. With the success of Apollo 11, the national objective to land men on the Moon and return them safely to Earth had been accomplished.

  12. Quarantined Apollo 11 Astronauts Addressed by U.S. President Richard Milhous Nixon

    Science.gov (United States)

    1969-01-01

    The Apollo 11 mission, the first manned lunar mission, launched from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida via the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) developed Saturn V launch vehicle on July 16, 1969 and safely returned to Earth on July 24, 1969. Aboard the space craft were astronauts Neil A. Armstrong, commander; Michael Collins, Command Module (CM) pilot; and Edwin E. Aldrin Jr., Lunar Module (LM) pilot. The CM, piloted by Michael Collins remained in a parking orbit around the Moon while the LM, named 'Eagle'', carrying astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin, landed on the Moon. During 2½ hours of surface exploration, the crew collected 47 pounds of lunar surface material for analysis back on Earth. The recovery operation took place in the Pacific Ocean where Navy para-rescue men recovered the capsule housing the 3-man Apollo 11 crew. The crew was airlifted to safety aboard the U.S.S. Hornet recovery ship, where they were quartered in a Mobile Quarantine Facility (MQF). In this photograph, the U.S.S. Hornet crew looks on as the quarantined Apollo 11 crew is addressed by U.S. President Richard Milhous Nixon via microphone and intercom. The president was aboard the recovery vessel awaiting return of the astronauts. With the success of Apollo 11, the national objective to land men on the Moon and return them safely to Earth had been accomplished.

  13. IN MEMORIAM: W J RICHARDS 21 Mei 1922 – 28 April 2011

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    L. Cilliers

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Willem Johannes Richards is op 21 Mei 1922 in Middelburg, Transvaal, gebore asdie oudste van nege kinders. Nadat hy hier gematrikuleer het, gaan hy na diePotchefstroomse Universiteit vir Christelike Hoër Onderwys waar hy in 1942 dieBComm-graad behaal. Hierna verander hy van studierigting, en na die neem vanaanvullende vakke by die Universiteit van Suid-Afrika verkry hy in 1947BA-status (Klassieke Tale aan die Universiteit van Pretoria. In 1952 wend hy homtot die Teologie en slaag dan ook in daardie jaar sy eerste jaar BD.Sy belangstelling in die Klassieke is egter sterker en hy sit sy studies in hierdierigting voort; in 1956 behaal hy die MA-graad in Latyn onder prof. H L Gonin asstudieleier. Na verkryging van die doktoraal in Klassieke Tale (met lof aan dieUniversiteit van Pretoria in 1959 sit hy sy studies voort in Utrecht, Nederland,waar hy van 1962 tot 1964 studeer en sy D Litt. behaal met ’n proefskrif getiteldGebed by Seneca, die Stoïsyn, onder leiding van prof. H L W Nelson. Na syterugkeer na Suid-Afrika studeer hy verder in Wysbegeerte, waarin hy in 1968 dieBA Hons.-graad met lof verwerf. In 1972 doen hy weer ’n jaar lank navorsing inEuropa en spandeer sy tyd veral in Duitsland, Nederland, Switserland en Engeland.

  14. “This World Is Not My Home”: Richard Mouw and Christian Nationalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aaron Pattillo-Lunt

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available American evangelicalism has often been punctuated by dual commitments to the United States and to God. Those commitments were strongest within politically conservative evangelicalism. Though representing a solid majority among professing evangelicals, conservatives could not speak for the movement as a whole. Politically progressive evangelicals, beginning in the 1960s, formed a dissenting opinion of the post-World War II revival of Christian nationalism. They dared to challenge American action abroad, noticeably during the Vietnam War. Their critique of Christian nationalism and conservative evangelicals’ close ties to the Republican Party led them to seek refuge in either progressive policies or the Democratic Party. A third, underexplored subgroup of evangelicalism rooted in reformed theology becomes important to consider in this regard. These reformed evangelicals sought to contextualize nationalism in biblical rather than partisan or political terms. This goal is championed well by Richard Mouw, resulting in a nuanced look at evangelical Christians’ difficult dual role as both citizens of the Kingdom of God and the United States.

  15. Richard Dadd: the patient, the artist, and the "face of madness".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huddleston, Samuel; Russell, G A

    2015-01-01

    Richard Dadd (1817-1886) was a well-known Victorian artist who murdered his father, compelled by the delusion that a demonic force possessed his father's body. He was one of the first to bypass execution by reason of insanity and spent the remainder of his life in the Bethlem and Broadmoor asylums. Dadd is rare both as a patient and an artist because he left behind nearly a 40-year record of artwork and journals, which constitute a unique medical and psychiatric resource at a time when the ideas on the relationship of facial expression and madness were changing. Sir Charles Bell's (1774-1842) widely accepted views that the "face of madness" is bestial and anatomically distinctive were being challenged by such physicians as Sir Alexander Morison (1779-1866), who was also Dadd's own "alienist" (i.e., psychiatrist). The purpose of this article is to explore the nature and extent of the influence of Bell and Morison on Dadd, which has not been brought out in the existing studies. By a comparative analysis, it will be shown that Dadd may have conveyed a different view in his works that foreshadows subsequent developments that are closer to a modern understanding.

  16. Some exact solutions to the Lighthill-Whitham-Richards-Payne traffic flow equations: II. Moderate congestion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Infeld, E.; Rowlands, G.; Skorupski, A. A.

    2014-10-01

    We find a further class of exact solutions to the Lighthill-Whitham- Richards-Payne (LWRP) traffic flow equations. As before, using two consecutive Lagrangian transformations, a linearization is achieved. Next, depending on the initial density, we either obtain exact formulae for the dependence of the car density and velocity on x,t, or else, failing that, the same result in a parametric representation. The calculation always involves two possible factorizations of a consistency condition. Both must be considered. In physical terms, the lineup usually separates into two offshoots at different velocities. Each velocity soon becomes uniform. This outcome in many ways resembles not only that of Rowlands et al (2013 J. Phys. A: Math. Theor. 46 365202 (part I)) but also the two-soliton solution to the Korteweg-de Vries equation. This paper can be read independently of part I. This explains unavoidable repetitions. Possible uses of both papers in checking numerical codes are indicated. Since LWRP, numerous more elaborate models, including multiple lanes, traffic jams, tollgates, etc, abound in the literature. However, we present an exact solution. These are few and far between, other than found by inverse scattering. The literature for various models, including ours, is given. The methods used here and in part I may be useful in solving other problems, such as shallow water flow.

  17. Unreliability and the Animal Narrator in Richard Adams’s The Plague Dogs

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    Anja Höing

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Richard Adams’s talking animal story The Plague Dogs (1978, with its deeply genre-atypical mode of narration, offers a multiplicity of avenues to explore the literary animal as animal. The story draws much of its power from the psychological complexity and related unreliability of both canine narrators, two research lab escapees gone feral. Both the terrier Snitter and the black mongrel Rowf are mentally ill and experience a highly subjective, part-fantastic world. In episodes of zero focalization, a sarcastic voice comments on the plot from the off, aggressively attacking a thoroughly anthropocentric superstructure the protagonists themselves are oblivious of, and presenting all that is normally constructed as “rational” in the implied reader’s world as a carnivalesque farce. Combining these equally unreliable narratives, The Plague Dogs creates a unique mixture of what Phelan (2007 calls “estranging” and “bonding” unreliability and brings to light the devastating consequences of anthropocentrism. The Plague Dogs not only defamiliarizes a genre usually committed to conventional means of storytelling, but the dominant Western conception of the status of animals in the world, showing that once we start to read the animal as animal, this sets into motion an avalanche of other concepts in need of re-reading, among them the very ones making up the fundamental pillars of Western societies’ anthropocentric self-conception.

  18. Who invented the dichotomous key? Richard Waller's watercolors of the herbs of Britain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffing, Lawrence R

    2011-12-01

    On 27 March 1689, Richard Waller, Fellow and Secretary of the Royal Society presented his "Tables of the English Herbs reduced to such an order, as to find the name of them by their external figures and shapes" to his assembled colleagues at a meeting of the Royal Society. These tables were developed for the novice by being color images, composed in pencil and watercolor, of selected plants and their distinguishing characteristics. The botanical watercolors for the tables are now a Turning-the-Pages document online on the website of the Royal Society. However, for the past 320 years, the scientific context for the creation of these outstanding botanical watercolors has remained obscure. These tables were developed by Waller as an image-based dichotomous key, pre-dating by almost 100 years the text-based dichotomous keys in the first edition of Flora Française (1778) by Jean Baptiste Lamarck, who is generally given priority for the development of the dichotomous key. How these large folio images were arranged to illustrate a dichotomous key is unknown, but an arrangement based on Waller's description is illustrated here as leaf-ordering for the separate hierarchical clusters (tables). Although only 24 species of watercolored dicot herbs out of a total of 65 in the set of watercolors (the others being monocots) are used in these tables, they are a "proof of concept", serving as models upon which a method is based, that of using a key composed of dichotomous choices for aiding identification.

  19. Meeting to honor F. Richard Stephenson on his 70th birthday

    CERN Document Server

    Green, David; Strom, Richard

    2015-01-01

    This book contains papers from a conference held to celebrate the 70th birthday of one of the world’s foremost astronomical historians, Professor F. Richard Stephenson, the latest recipient of the American Astronomical Society’s highest award for research in astronomical history, the LeRoy Doggett Prize. Reflecting Professor Stephenson’s extensive research portfolio, this book brings together under one cover papers on four different areas of scholarship: applied historical astronomy (which Stephenson founded); Islamic astronomy; Oriental astronomy; and amateur astronomy.  These papers are penned by astronomers from Canada, China, England, France, Georgia, Iran, Japan, Lebanon, the Netherlands, Portugal, Thailand and the USA. Its diverse coverage represents a wide cross-section of the history of astronomy community.  Under discussion are ways in which recent research using historical data has provided new insights into auroral and solar activity, supernovae and changes in the rotation rate of the E...

  20. PERBANDINGAN ANTARA ETIKA JURGEN HABERMAS DAN RICHARD RORTY SEBAGAI PRINSIP DASAR BERTINDAK MANUSIA

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    Dominique Rio Adiwijaya H

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Etika tak dapat dipungkiri adalah isu bagi setiap bidang ilmu. Pertanyaan etika bukanlah pertanyaan tentang kewajiban satu-dua orang tertentu atau satu-dua bidang spesifik saja melainkan sebagaimana telah dirumuskan dengan tajam oleh Imannuel Kant dalam Critique of Practical Reason adalah pertanyaan segenap manusia sebagai mahluk yang berpikir dan punya kebebasan memilih tentang: apa yang seharusnya aku lakukan. Dari definisi Kant kita dapat menarik kesimpulan bahwa jika saja manusia tidak mampu berpikir dan tidak bebas menentukan tindakannya, maka mustahil diharapkan tanggung jawab moral darinya. Meskipun demikian, tulisan kecil ini tidak bermaksud untuk memberikan paparan etika secara menyeluruh dan historis, melainkan sekadar sketsa tentang diskursus etika kontemporer yang diwakili dua sosok pemikir ternamanya: Jrgen Habermas dari tradisi Teori Kritis Mazhab Frankfurt, dan Richard Rorty dari kubu Neo- Pragmatisme. Habermas mengajukan etika diskursus dan Rorty mengajukan konsep etika lewat sosok manusia ironis-liberal-nya. Diharapkan sidang pembaca dapat sedikit mencicipi problematik etika yang tak terhindarkan karena setiap posisi etika selalu theory laden, dan teori itu sendiri berciri historis (dapat ditelusuri ciri-ciri, asal-usul dan konteks historis mazhab-mazhab yang melatar-belakanginya. Maka dari itu etika adalah refleksi yang belum pernah selesai meskipun sudah dimulai sejak 2500 tahun yang lalu. Malah etika mengundang kita dari ilmu-ilmu spesifik untuk masuk ke dalam diskursus general-nya yang mau tak mau berciri sedemikian all-encompassing, persis karena ia menyangkut manusia.

  1. Perbandingan antara Etika Jürgen Habermas dan Richard Rorty sebagai Prinsip Dasar Bertindak Manusia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dominique Rio Adiwijaya

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Ethics without doubt is an issue in every scientific field. Questions on ethics are not merely questions on the responsibility of one or two specific individuals, but rather as what have been defined accurately by Immanuel Kant in Critique of Practical Reason – as question of all humanity as a thinking creature and the freedom of choice on, “what should I do”. From Kant’s definition, we may infer that if human can not think and not free in determining their choice, it would be almost impossible to hope for moral responsibility. However this article does not mean to give a full and historical description on ethics, but a sketch on discourse of contemporary ethics which is represented by two famous philosophers, Jürgen Habermas from the tradition of  Critical Theory from Frankfurt School, dan Richard Rorty with “Neo-Pragmatism”. Habermas proposes “discourse ethics” while Rorty proposes ethic concepts through his “liberal-ironists”. It is hoped that the assembly of readers may gain an insight of the unavoidable ethics problems since every ethical position must be theory laden and the theory itself has historical characteristics (the characteristics, origin and historical context of the schools behind it. Therefore ethics is a neverending reflection although it has been started from 2500 years ago. Ethics invites us from specific sciences to enter its general discourse which unavoidably all-encompassing in its nature. 

  2. Símbolo y forma: los hermanos Grimm en Richard Wagner

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    Miguel Salmerón Infante

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Este escrito estudia el cómo y el porqué de la presencia de los Cuentos de los Hermanos Grimm en la obra de Richard Wagner. Para dar un enfoque más concreto a esta reflexión el análisis se centra en Sigfrido, el drama musical de Wagner con más atmósfera de cuento, y las influencias y préstamos temáticos, formales y lingüísticos que le aportan los KHM. El artículo entiende que hay dos elementos que aprovecha Wagner de los Grimm para sus dramas musicales. El símbolo para su proyecto de tejido de la identidad alemana. Y la forma del cuento con sus temas y fórmulas recurrentes que el aplicó a su música y muy concretamente al Leitmotiv. Todo ello sin olvidar la muy frecuente presencia de la figura del huérfano tanto en Wagner como en los Grimm.

  3. Slovene immigrants in Australia in Richard Flanagan's novel The sound of one hand clapping

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    Mirko Jurak

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available The core of this article presents a structural and thematic analysis of a novel The Sound  of One Hand Clapping (1979 written by a contemporary Australian novelist Richard Flanagan (1961-. The novel deals mainly with the life of a Slovene family, which immigrated to Australia in 1954. The story centres on the life of the heroine, Sonja Bulah, who finds herself at the end of the 1980ies in a severe mental crisis. Besides, the author of this article uses information about immigrants' life in Australia obtained from reports and sketches of a Slovene psychiatrist who treated immigrants in Melbourne. The author of this paper also calls the reader's attention to various literary allusions, which appear in the novel (e.g. Eugene O'Neill, John Keats, W. B. Yeats. It also appears that Flanagan was under a strong spiritual influence of the Indian philosopher Osho(= Bhagwan Shree Rajneshi and his meditations upon life as published in Osho's book bearing the same title as Flanagan's novel and which first appeared in 1981. The novel is particularly interesting for Slovene readers, because it uncovers the emotional and spiritual life of Slovene immigrants in Australia.

  4. Bioavailable metals in tourist beaches of Richards Bay, Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vetrimurugan, E; Jonathan, M P; Roy, Priyadarsi D; Shruti, V C; Ndwandwe, O M

    2016-04-15

    Acid Leachable Trace Metal (ALTMs) concentrations in tourist beaches of Richards Bay, Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa were assessed. 53 surface sediment samples were collected from five different beaches (Kwambonambi Long Beach; Nhlabane Beach; Five Mile Beach; Alkanstrand Beach and Port Durnford Beach). The results of ALTMs (Fe, Mn, Cr, Cu, Ni, Co, Pb, Cd, Zn, As, Hg) suggest that they are enriched naturally and with some local industrial sources for (avg. in μgg(-1)) Fe (3530-7219), Mn (46-107.11), Cd (0.43-1.00) and Zn (48-103.98). Statistical results indicate that metal concentrations were from natural origin attributed to leaching, weathering process and industrial sources. Comparative studies of metal concentrations with sediment quality guidelines and ecotoxicological values indicate that there is no adverse biological effect. Enrichment factor and geoaccumulation indices results indicate moderate enhancement of Fe (Igeo class 1 in FMB), Cd (EF>50; Igeo classes 2-4) and Zn (Igeo classes 1 & 2).

  5. Artificial radionuclides in surface air in Finland following the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant accident.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leppänen, Ari-Pekka; Mattila, Aleksi; Kettunen, Markku; Kontro, Riitta

    2013-12-01

    We present observations of radionuclides released during the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant accident in ambient air and in deposition made in Finland during March-May 2011. The first observed fission product was (131)I, which arrived in Finland 8-9 days after the accident. Detections of (137)Cs and (134)Cs were made 2-3 days after the first (131)I observations. The highest concentrations of fission products in Finland were observed during March 31st and April 1st. The highest observed concentrations of the following isotopes were: (131)I (10.6 ± 0.4 mBq/m(3)), (134)Cs (0.397 ± 0.020 mBq/m(3)), (137)Cs (0.405 ± 0.017 mBq/m(3)), (136)Cs (28 ± 2 μBq/m(3)), (129)Te (129 ± 9 μBq/m(3)), (129m)Te (234 ± 20 μBq/m(3)), (132)Te (51 ± 3 μBq/m(3)) and (132)I (54 ± 3 μBq/m(3)). Generally, higher concentrations of fission product were observed in Southern Finland than in Northern Finland. The variations in the (137)Cs and (134)Cs activity concentration data suggest that three separate plumes passed over Finland with decreasing concentrations. The first plume, with highest cesium concentrations, passed over Finland during March 31st - April 2nd, the second plume during April 4th - 6th and the third and smallest one during April 10th - April 11th. Both aerosol and gaseous iodine fractions were sampled simultaneously and thus an accurate view of the behaviour of aerosol and gaseous fractions was obtained. Large variations between different fractions were observed with the gaseous fraction representing 65-98% of the total (131)I. The (134)Cs/(137)Cs ratio was determined to be 0.99 ± 0.10, which indicates a fuel burnup of approximately 30 MWd/t. The (136)Cs/(137)Cs and (129m)Te/(132)Te ratios were used to estimate the time lapse after the accident. The differences between true time lapse and the ones deduced from the isotope ratios were from the correct time lapse to 0-3 days for (136)Cs/(137)Cs and 5 days for (129m)Te/(132)Te, respectively. Radionuclides from

  6. Fluvial discharges of radiocaesium from watersheds contaminated by the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident, Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ueda, Shinji; Hasegawa, Hidenao; Kakiuchi, Hideki; Akata, Naofumi; Ohtsuka, Yoshihito; Hisamatsu, Shun'ichi

    2013-04-01

    A large amount of radiocaesium, (134)Cs and (137)Cs, was released to the atmosphere and Pacific Ocean from the Tokyo Electric Power Company's Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) that was damaged by the tsunami caused by the Tohoku earthquake on 11 March 2011. Radiocaesium deposited on the ground is now the most important consideration in assessing the risk to people in the vicinity of the FDNPP and remediating the contaminated area. Transfer of radiocaesium from the ground through rivers is an important factor in the downstream contamination of irrigation waters, paddy fields, lakes, and the sea. We estimated the transport of radiocaesium through two small rivers, the Hiso River and Wariki River, that traverse mountainous areas in Fukushima Prefecture. Areal depositions of radiocaesium in their watersheds (catchments) were high (1-3 MBq m(-2)). Water samples were collected from the rivers twice during each of two baseflow and two flood stages in 2011 and analysed for radiocaesium in particulate and dissolved forms. The radiocaesium concentrations depended strongly on the rates of water discharge. Maximum activities of radiocaesium in the samples from the Hiso River and Wariki River when there was precipitation or flooding (July and September) were 25 ± 0.31 and 35 ± 0.25 Bq L(-1), respectively. Particulate radiocaesium during periods of flooding contributed over 90% of the total radiocaesium activity in the samples. The discharge of radiocaesium from the catchments during 2011 was estimated to be 0.5% and 0.3% of the total amount of radiocaesium deposited on the catchments of the Hiso River and Wariki River, respectively. It is considered that the most of the radiocaesium deposited in the catchment remains on the soil surface.

  7. (14)C levels in the vicinity of the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant prior to the 2011 accident.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Sheng; Cook, Gordon T; Cresswell, Alan J; Dunbar, Elaine; Freeman, Stewart P H T; Hastie, Helen; Hou, Xiaolin; Jacobsson, Piotr; Naysmith, Philip; Sanderson, David C W; Tripney, Brian G; Yamaguchi, Katsuhiko

    2016-06-01

    A 50-year-old Japanese cedar (Cryptomeria japonica) from Okuma, ∼1 km southwest of the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant, was cored and each annual ring was analysed for (14)C. The (14)C specific activity values varied from 330.4 Bq kg(-1) C in the tree ring formed in 1971 to 231.2 Bq kg(-1) C in the 2014 ring. During the periods 1971-1976 and 2011-2014, the (14)C specific activities are indistinguishable from the ambient background values. However, compared with the ambient atmospheric levels, the (14)C specific activities between 1977 and 2010 are significantly elevated, clearly indicating (14)C discharges from the reactors during their normal operations. In addition, the specific activities are positively correlated with the annual electricity generation values. The excess (14)C specific activities were wind direction is east-southeast/southeast with a frequency of ∼30%, in comparison to ∼20% frequency for the direction of the site under study (north-northeast/northeast). This would tend to indicate a similar magnitude of additional effective dose and consequently no significant radiological impact of atmospheric (14)C discharges from the FDNPP during the entire period of normal operations. Additionally, no (14)C pulse in activity can be observed in the year 2011 ring. This might be caused by a limited (14)C release from the damaged reactors during the accident or that the prevailing wind during the short period of release (11th-25th March 2011) was not in the direction of Okuma.

  8. Radioactive Cs-137 discharge from Headwater Forested Catchment in Fukushima after Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant Accident

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iwagami, S.; Onda, Y.; Tsujimura, M.; Sakakibara, K.; Konuma, R.

    2015-12-01

    Radiocesium migration from headwater forested catchment is important perception as output from the forest which is also input to the subsequent various land use and downstream rivers after Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) accident. In this study, Cs-137 concentration of dissolved water, suspended sediment and coarse organic matter such as leaf and branch were monitored. Discharge amount of stream water, suspended sediment and coarse organic matter were measured to investigate the discharge amount of radiocesium and composition of radiocesium discharge form through the headwater stream. Observation were conducted at stream site in four headwater catchments in Yamakiya district, located ~35 km north west of FDNPP from June 2011 (suspended sediment and coarse organic matter: August 2012) to December 2014.The Cs-137 concentration of dissolved water was around 1Bq/l at June 2011. Then declined to 0.1 Bq/l at December 2011. And in December 2014, it declined to 0.01 Bq/l order. Declining trend of Cs-137 concentration in dissolved water was expressed in double exponential model. Also temporary increase was observed in dissolved Cs-137 during the rainfall event. The Cs-137 concentration of suspended sediment and coarse organic matter were 170-49000 Bq/kg and 350-14000 Bq/kg respectably. The Cs-137 concentration of suspended sediment showed good correlation with average deposition density of catchment. The effect of decontamination works appeared in declining of Cs-137 concentration in suspended sediment. Contribution rate of Cs-137 discharge by suspended sediment was 96-99% during a year. Total annual Cs-137 discharge from the catchment were 0.02-0.3% of the deposition.

  9. Vertical distribution of radiocesium in soils of the area affected by the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant accident

    Science.gov (United States)

    Konoplev, A. V.; Golosov, V. N.; Yoschenko, V. I.; Nanba, K.; Onda, Y.; Takase, T.; Wakiyama, Y.

    2016-05-01

    Presented are results of the study of radiocesium vertical distribution in the soils of the irrigation pond catchments in the near field 0.25 to 8 km from the Fukushima Dai-ichi NPP, on sections of the Niida River floodplain, and in a forest ecosystem typical of the territory contaminated after the accident. It is shown that the vertical migration of radiocesium in undisturbed forest and grassland soils in the zone affected by the Fukushima accident is faster than it was in the soils of the 30-km zone of the Chernobyl NPP for a similar time interval after the accident. The effective dispersion coefficients in the Fukushima soils are several times higher than those for the Chernobyl soils. This may be associated with higher annual precipitation (by about 2.5 times) in Fukushima as compared to the Chernobyl zone. In the forest soils the radiocesium dispersion is faster as compared to grassland soils, both in the Fukushima and Chernobyl zones. The study and analysis of the vertical distribution of the Fukushima origin radiocesium in the Niida gawa floodplain soils has made it possible to identify areas of contaminated sediment accumulation on the floodplain. The average accumulation rate for sediments at the study locations on the Niida gawa floodplain varied from 0.3 to 3.3 cm/year. Taking into account the sediments accumulation leading to an increase in the radiocesium inventory in alluvial soils is key for predicting redistribution of radioactive contamination after the Fukushima accident on the river catchments, as well as for decision-making on contaminated territories remediation and clean-up. Clean-up of alluvial soils does not seem to be worthwhile because of the following accumulation of contaminated sediments originating from more contaminated areas, including the exclusion zone.

  10. Radiological impact of TEPCO's Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident on invertebrates in the coastal benthic food web.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sohtome, Tadahiro; Wada, Toshihiro; Mizuno, Takuji; Nemoto, Yoshiharu; Igarashi, Satoshi; Nishimune, Atsushi; Aono, Tatsuo; Ito, Yukari; Kanda, Jota; Ishimaru, Takashi

    2014-12-01

    Radioactive cesium ((134)Cs and (137)Cs) concentrations in invertebrates of benthic food web (10 taxonomic classes with 46 identified families) collected from wide areas off Fukushima Prefecture (3-500 m depth) were inspected from July 2011, four months after the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) accident, to August 2013 to elucidate time-series trends among taxa and areas. Cesium-137 was detected in seven classes (77% of 592 specimens). Higher (137)Cs concentrations within detected data were often found in areas near or south of the FDNPP, which is consistent with the reported spatial distribution of (137)Cs concentrations in highly contaminated seawater and sediments after the FDNPP accident. Overall (137)Cs concentrations in invertebrates, the maxima of which (290 Bq kg(-1)-wet in the sea urchin Glyptocidaris crenularis) were lower than in many demersal fishes, had decreased exponentially with time, and exhibited taxon-specific decreasing trends. Concentrations in Bivalvia and Gastropoda decreased clearly with respective ecological half-lives of 188 d and 102 d. In contrast, decreasing trends in Malacostraca and Polychaeta were more gradual, with longer respective ecological half-lives of 208 d and 487 d. Echinoidea showed no consistent trend, presumably because of effects of contaminated sediments taken into their digestive tract. Comparison of (137)Cs concentrations in the invertebrates and those in seawater and sediments suggest that contaminated sediments are the major source of continuing contamination in benthic invertebrates, especially in Malacostraca and Polychaeta.

  11. Exploring the effect of hui-merchant’s clan sense and family business in Anhui%徽商宗族观对当代安徽家族企业发展的作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    As the support of clan, ancient hui-merchants were al-powerful more then 300 years. Nowadays, there are many family business improve rapidly in the land of Anhui with the support of family. This thesis explores the interaction between the hui-merchants and lineage from the clan sense, at the same time, sums up the inheritance and development of hui-merchants on the clan sense. Exploring the advantage of the hui-merchants’ clan sense. The purpose is to find out how the clan sense support the Anhui family business entrepreneurial management, and take great use of its benefits. So we can improve the succes ful rate of the family business entrepreneurship, and promote the development of the enterprises in Anhui.%  由于宗族力量等原因的支持,古徽商携亲带友在商场叱咤风云三百余年。今天,在徽商曾经居住过的土地上,由于家族力量的支持,新徽商的家族企业正在快速发展。本文从宗族观角度出发,探究徽商与宗族之间的相互作用,研究家族企业的特点和发展过程,同时,总结新徽商对徽商宗族观的继承和发展,目的是为了发现宗族观对安徽家族企业的影响,积极利用其有利方面,从而提高家族企业创业的成功率,促进安徽家族企业的发展。

  12. Creativity Makes A New County——Hui Autonomous County of Dachang%图强求精天地新创意水乡展宏图——大厂回族自治县

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ Hui Autonomous County of Dachang was established in 1955, a Beijing-nearest county of ethnic minority group. Dachang, is a creative city from water. It is origi-nally a piece of vast grassland with beauti-ful scenery full of spring and grass. The emperor Zhu Li of Ming Dynasty estab-lished royal horse ground here and granted Dachang as its name.

  13. An extension of the open-source porousMultiphaseFoam toolbox dedicated to groundwater flows solving the Richards' equation

    CERN Document Server

    Horgue, Pierre; Guibert, Romain; Debenest, Gérald

    2015-01-01

    In this note, the existing porousMultiphaseFoam toolbox, developed initially for any two-phase flow in porous media is extended to the specific case of the Richards' equation which neglect the pressure gradient of the non-wetting phase. This model is typically used for saturated and unsaturated groundwater flows. A Picard's algorithm is implemented to linearize and solve the Richards' equation developed in the pressure head based form. This new solver of the porousMultiphaseFoam toolbox is named groundwaterFoam. The validation of thesolver is achieved by a comparison between numerical simulations and results obtained from the literature. Finally, a parallel efficiency test is performed on a large unstructured mesh and exhibits a super-linear behavior as observed for the other solvers of the toolbox.

  14. A non-local Richards equation to model infiltration into highly heterogeneous media under macroscopic non-equilibrium pressure conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neuweiler, I.; Dentz, M.; Erdal, D.

    2012-04-01

    Infiltration into dry strongly heterogeneous media, such as fractured rocks, can often not be modelled by a standard Richards equation with homogeneous parameters, as the averaged water content is not in equilibrium with the averaged pressure. Often, double continua approaches are used for such cases. We describe infiltration into strongly heterogeneous media by a Richards model for the mobile domain, that is characterized by a memory kernel that encodes the local mass transfer dynamics as well as the geometry of the immobile zone. This approach is based on the assumption that capillary flow can be approximated as diffusion. We demonstrate that this approximation is in many cases justified. Comparison of the model predictions to the results of numerical simulations of infiltration into vertically layered media shows that the non-local approach describes well non-equilibrium effects due to mass transfer between high and low conductivity zones.

  15. A new data assimilation technique based on ensemble Kalman filter and Brownian bridges: An application to Richards' equation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berardi, Marco; Andrisani, Andrea; Lopez, Luciano; Vurro, Michele

    2016-11-01

    In this paper a new data assimilation technique is proposed which is based on the ensemble Kalman filter (EnKF). Such a technique will be effective if few observations of a dynamical system are available and a large model error occurs. The idea is to acquire a fine grid of synthetic observations in two steps: (1) first we interpolate the real observations with suitable polynomial curves; (2) then we estimate the relative measurement errors by means of Brownian bridges. This technique has been tested on the Richards' equation, which governs the water flow in unsaturated soils, where a large model error has been introduced by solving the Richards' equation by means of an explicit numerical scheme. The application of this technique to some synthetic experiments has shown improvements with respect to the classical ensemble Kalman filter, in particular for problems with a large model error.

  16. Serendipity: a personal tale of two biographies, William Richard Gowers (1845-1915) and his son Ernest (1880-1966).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott, Ann

    2015-08-01

    Between 2004 and 2012, the author wrote two biographies, the first of 20th century civil servant Ernest Gowers and the second of his father the Victorian neurologist William Richard Gowers. This article describes the author's experience conducting the research for two biographies at a time when the research tools available were rapidly shifting from paper-based to digital records. Technological aids have made the preliminary research of historians easier, but they have not taken the place of hard copy archive-based research. While the paper will focus primarily on the biography of William Richard Gowers, the author describes the research methods she employed to help reveal the personalities, strengths and weaknesses of both men, each of whom left his own intellectual legacy.

  17. Cherishing the Memory of My Father——In Commemoration of 10th Anniversary of Death of Richard Frey

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Richard; Frey

    2014-01-01

    <正>November 16,2014 marked the10th anniversary of the passing of my father Richard Frey.Over that time,when sorting out books,writings and other materials left by him,I came to know more of family history and many parts of his life previously unfamiliar to me.This has made me miss him all the more.My father was born into a welloff middle-class Jewish family in

  18. "China is an Exciting Place to Work": An Interview with Prof. Richard Corlett

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    In the last 30 years, Prof. Richard Corlett has carried out investigations in South and East Asian tropics and was actively engaged in biodiversity conservation in these regions. From July, 2012, he will start to work as director of a new integrative conservation center and head of biodiversity conservation research group at the Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden (XTBG), Chinese Academy of Sciences in the remote Menglun Township, Mengla County of south China's Yunnan Province.

  19. What Do We Know About Managerial Talent? The Case-Study of Richard Branson as a Great Project Manager

    OpenAIRE

    Larrisa V. Shavinina

    2011-01-01

    This article is about the essence of managerial talent. It presents the case-study of Richard Branson, who is a talented project manager by all standards. The existing findings, which explain the essence of managerial talent, will be discussed. The Gallup organization’s study of more than 80,000 great managers worldwide will be considered and a new theory of managerial talent aimed at understanding the fundamental nature of this phenomenon will be described. According to the theory, the manag...

  20. Bibliometrics Analysis on the Periodical Literature in the Journal of Hui Muslim Minority Studies in China%我国回族研究引用期刊文献计量分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘玉霞

    2012-01-01

    Taking the 2001-2010 statistical data of refers to the periodical literature of Journal of Hui Muslim Minority Studies which is the unique academic journal to study the historical culture of Hui nationality and the problem of the Hui nationality during the Socialist period as the base, the paper makes the statistics and analysis on the reference frequency, the kinds of reference periodicals, subject publications of the referred papers and papers publishment, and so on, from the perspective of bibliometrics.%以我国唯一的全方位研究回族历史文化及社会主义时期回族问题的学术性期刊——《回族研究》2001-2010年引用期刊文献的统计数据为蓝本,从引用频次、引用期刊种类、引用论文的学科发布及著者发布等方面,从文献计量学视角,进行了统计与分析.

  1. 论回族口承非物质文化的传承与保护%Research on the Inheritance and Protection of the Oral Culture of the Hui Minority

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马晓琴

    2012-01-01

    The oral cultural heritage of the Hui is rich in content and vast in scope. Related government de- partments and scholars have made positive efforts and attained a certain level of success in rescuing and protecting intangible aspects of Hui culture. However, with the shock of globalization and modernization, the oral culture of the Hui is confronted with marginalization and eradication. For this reason, there is an urgent need for the inherit- ance and protection of its cultural heritage.%回族口承非物质文化遗产内容丰富,种类众多。相关政府部门和学者积极有为,在抢救和保护回族非物质文化方面作出积极努力并取得一定成效。但在全球化和现代化的冲击下,回族口承文化仍然面临边缘化和被消解的窘境。因此,对其保护和传承工作亟须跟进。

  2. 临夏回族舞蹈的动律特征及形成因素%Movement Patterns and Formative factors of Hui Dance in Linxia Area,Gansu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马路明; 李琦

    2011-01-01

    "动律"是一个民族舞蹈风格的重要体现,对动律特征及形成因素的深入分析,能帮助我们理解该民族舞蹈中的多元文化现象。笔者以甘肃临夏地区的回族舞蹈为切入点,试析在特定的自然环境、生活习俗和民族心理等因素中回族舞蹈的动律特征及形成因素,以进一步推进回族舞蹈的继承与发展。%Movement pattern is an important manifestation of ethnic dance styles. By analyzing features of movement patterns and their formative factors,multi-cultures can be revealed in the ethnic dance. The author of the paper examines Hui dance in Linxia area of Gansu Province,analyzing how specific environment,living habit and customs as well as ethnic psychology has influenced the movement patterns and formation of the dance of Hui people. The purpose of the study is to offer suggestions to the inheritance and development of Hui dance.

  3. Hui Musl ims’ National Identity and Cultural Consciousnesses duringAnti-Japanese War%抗日战争时期回族的国家意识与文化自觉

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓霞

    2015-01-01

    国家意识提升与民族文化自觉是近现代以来回族发展的新气象,在抗日战争时期,回族更是以奋勇抗战、爱国爱教的实际行动体现出回族在近代民族国家条件下对民族与国家利益相一致关系的深刻认识。回族的民族文化自觉也将回族引向现代民族发展之路。%Chinese Hui Muslims had promoted national identity and ethnic cultural consciousness since modern China , which as a new phenomenon, had been embodied during the anti-Japanese war that Hui Muslims implemented their ideology of Love Nation and Love Islam into effect.Hui Muslims’ ethnic cultural consciousness helped themselves find a route to modern development .

  4. Analysis of the Source of the Famous Brand of the Hui Muslims’ Restaurant%回族餐饮老字号品牌资产来源分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    景娥

    2015-01-01

    Hui Muslims’ famous brands are the precious heritage after many years of operation, which is influenced by the epitome of the Hui culture. Brand awareness, brand loyalty, brand association are three elements which have significant positive impact on Hui Mus-lims’ famous brands. In this article, we suggest that the famous brands consistently help update the brand connotation, constantly enhance the brand awareness, foster customer brand loyalty, and establish a convenient service business philosophy.%回族餐饮老字号是回族文化的宝贵资产。品牌认知、品牌忠诚度、品牌联想三个要素对回族餐饮老字号品牌资产有显著正向影响,建议回族老字号更新回族餐饮老字号品牌内涵,不断提升品牌知名度,培育顾客品牌忠诚度,树立便捷服务经营理念。

  5. Dispersion and fate of ⁹⁰Sr in the Northwestern Pacific and adjacent seas: global fallout and the Fukushima Dai-ichi accident.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maderich, V; Jung, K T; Bezhenar, R; de With, G; Qiao, F; Casacuberta, N; Masque, P; Kim, Y H

    2014-10-01

    The 3D compartment model POSEIDON-R was applied to the Northwestern Pacific and adjacent seas to simulate the transport and fate of (90)Sr in the period 1945-2010 and to perform a radiological assessment on the releases of (90)Sr due to the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear accident for the period 2011-2040. The contamination due to runoff of (90)Sr from terrestrial surfaces was taken into account using a generic predictive model. A dynamical food-chain model describes the transfer of (90)Sr to phytoplankton, zooplankton, molluscs, crustaceans, piscivorous and non-piscivorous fishes. Results of the simulations were compared with observation data on (90)Sr for the period 1955-2010 and the budget of (90)Sr activity was estimated. It was found that in the East China Sea and Yellow Sea the riverine influx was 1.5% of the ocean influx and it was important only locally. Calculated concentrations of (90)Sr in water, bottom sediment and marine organisms before and after the Fukushima Dai-ichi accident are in good agreement with available experimental measurements. The concentration of (90)Sr in seawater would return to the background levels within one year after leakages were stopped. The model predicts that the concentration of (90)Sr in fish after the Fukushima Dai-ichi accident shall return to the background concentrations only 2 years later due to the delay of the transfer throughout the food web and specific accumulation of (90)Sr. The contribution of (90)Sr to the maximal dose rate due to the FDNPP accident was three orders of magnitude less than that due to (137)Cs, and thus well below the maximum effective dose limits for the public.

  6. Dispersion and fate of {sup 90}Sr in the Northwestern Pacific and adjacent seas: Global fallout and the Fukushima Dai-ichi accident

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maderich, V., E-mail: vladmad@gmail.com [Institute of Mathematical Machine and System Problems, Glushkov av., 42, Kiev 03187 (Ukraine); Jung, K.T., E-mail: ktjung@kiost.ac [Korea Institute of Ocean Science and Technology, 787, Haean-ro, Ansan 426-744 (Korea, Republic of); Bezhenar, R., E-mail: romanbezhenar@gmail.com [Ukrainian Center of Water and Environmental Projects, Glushkov av., 42, Kiev 03187 (Ukraine); With, G. de, E-mail: g.dewith@nrg.eu [NRG, Utrechtseweg 310, 6800 ES Arnhem (Netherlands); Qiao, F., E-mail: qiaofl@fio.org.cn [First Institute of Oceanography, 6 Xianxialing Road, Qingdao 266061 (China); Casacuberta, N., E-mail: ncasacuberta@phys.ethz.ch [Laboratory of Ion Beam Physics, ETH-Zurich, Schafmattstrasse 20, 8093 Zurich (Switzerland); Masque, P., E-mail: pere.masque@uab.cat [Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals and Departament de Física, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra (Spain); Kim, Y.H., E-mail: yhkimstar@gmail.com [Korea Institute of Ocean Science and Technology, 787, Haean-ro, Ansan 426-744 (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-10-01

    The 3D compartment model POSEIDON-R was applied to the Northwestern Pacific and adjacent seas to simulate the transport and fate of {sup 90}Sr in the period 1945–2010 and to perform a radiological assessment on the releases of {sup 90}Sr due to the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear accident for the period 2011–2040. The contamination due to runoff of {sup 90}Sr from terrestrial surfaces was taken into account using a generic predictive model. A dynamical food-chain model describes the transfer of {sup 90}Sr to phytoplankton, zooplankton, molluscs, crustaceans, piscivorous and non-piscivorous fishes. Results of the simulations were compared with observation data on {sup 90}Sr for the period 1955–2010 and the budget of {sup 90}Sr activity was estimated. It was found that in the East China Sea and Yellow Sea the riverine influx was 1.5% of the ocean influx and it was important only locally. Calculated concentrations of {sup 90}Sr in water, bottom sediment and marine organisms before and after the Fukushima Dai-ichi accident are in good agreement with available experimental measurements. The concentration of {sup 90}Sr in seawater would return to the background levels within one year after leakages were stopped. The model predicts that the concentration of {sup 90}Sr in fish after the Fukushima Dai-ichi accident shall return to the background concentrations only 2 years later due to the delay of the transfer throughout the food web and specific accumulation of {sup 90}Sr. The contribution of {sup 90}Sr to the maximal dose rate due to the FDNPP accident was three orders of magnitude less than that due to {sup 137}Cs, and thus well below the maximum effective dose limits for the public. - Highlights: • A box model with a dynamical food-chain model for the NW Pacific was applied. • The transport and fate of {sup 90}Sr in sea were simulated for the period 1945–2040. • Marine exposure pathways for {sup 90}Sr were assessed for the Fukushima Dai-ichi accident.

  7. Dai Sijie: écrire en français pour évoquer dans la distance le pays quitté

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz Mangada Cañas

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available In Francophone Literary criticism, there is a growing number of foreign writers who have chosen French as a language for literary creation. Their non-post-colonial imaginaries are related with complex experiences as the result of two languages and two cultures living in a same writer in constant migration and voluntary or imposed meeting him-self and/or the Other. The aim of this study of the three novels of the Francophone writer coming from China, Dai Sijie, is to exemplify and contribute to enhance the knowledge of new francophone literatures closely related to cultural identity.

  8. Zoning by Functions of Small-Scale Forest Ecosystems:A Case Study of Hui-Sun Forest Station in Taiwan Province,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chang Hsiaofei; Wang Yanglin; Li Zhengguo; Hsueh Ichen

    2006-01-01

    To optimize the spatial structure of an ecosystem,a forest landscape was selected as a research object.Based on the theory of structure and functions of landscape ecology,combined with the analysis of the characteristics of the inner structure in an ecosystem,this paper proposes to establish certain procedures to regulate the spatial structure of this forest landscape and construct a landscape pattern of forest ecosystem functions.Considering the functions of biologic production,environmental services,and cultural support in forest ecosystems,forest landscape zones should consist of areas of forest production,research,experimentation,recreation,and conservation to add value to the forest ecosystem,enhance its functions,and then identify the relevant environmental factors according to the environment featured in the research area.Based on the methods of landscape ecology and ecological planning,this paper develops a zoning project of ecosystem functions suitable for various environments.For this research,the Hui-Sun forest station in Taiwan Province,China was selected to be the experimental area for studying the feasibility of developing a zoning project of forest ecosystem services and the suitability of optimizing the spatial structures of the services.

  9. 桂林草坪回族乡特色休闲旅游发展%Characteristic Leisure Tourism Development of Caoping Hui Township of Guilin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾丽萍

    2015-01-01

    Some factors such as the backward tourism infrastructure, the serious loss of the culture tourist resources, t he single tourism project and the lack of innovation and tourism talents restrict tourism development of Caoping Hui Township of Guilin. By analyzing the resources superiority and developing status, the study put forward some development countermeasures, such as improving the infrastructure construction and tourism security system, strengthening the construction of cultural connotation and tourism information, and innovating the methods of leisure tourism.%旅游基础设施较为落后, 文化旅游资源流失严重, 旅游项目单一, 缺乏创新以及旅游开发人才匮乏等因素制约着桂林草坪回族乡的旅游发展. 通过探讨草坪回族乡的资源优势和发展现状, 提出完善基础设施建设、 创新休闲旅游方式、 加强文化内涵建设、 健全旅游保障制度、 加强旅游信息化建设等发展对策.

  10. Impact of anthropogenic and natural environmental changes on Echinococcus transmission in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, the People’s Republic of China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yang Yu

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Echinococcus transmission is known to be affected by various environmental factors, which may be modified by human influence or natural events including global warming. Considerable population growth in the last fifty years in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (NHAR, the People’s Republic of China (PRC, has led to dramatic increases in deforestation and modified agricultural practices. In turn, this has resulted in many changes in the habitats for the definitive and intermediate hosts of both Echinococcus granulosus and E. multilocularis, which have increased the risks for transmission of both parasites, affecting echinococcosis prevalence and human disease. Ecological environmental changes due to anthropogenic activities and natural events drive Echinococcus transmission and NHAR provides a notable example illustrating how human activity can impact on a parasitic infection of major public health significance. It is very important to continually monitor these environmental (including climatic factors that drive the distribution of Echinococcus spp. and their impact on transmission to humans because such information is necessary to formulate reliable future public health policy for echinococcosis control programs and to prevent disease spread.

  11. A Few Remarks on the Poetics of Turbulence in Richard Powers’ Operation Wandering Soul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Yves Pellegrin

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Dans le roman de Richard Powers Operation Wandering Soul, la linéarité conventionnelle du récit cède le pas à une forme de discontinuité et de circularité qui évoque le mouvement imprévisible d’une turbulence. On propose de montrer ici que cette turbulence met en œuvre une nouvelle manière d’écrire et de lire les récits. Dans le roman, la turbulence apparaît toujours sous l’aspect d’une force désorganisatrice qu’il faut maîtriser, un bruit qui doit être supprimé. Cet impératif, témoin des aspirations du récit au sens et à la clôture, peut se concevoir comme l’indice de la manière dont l’ordre narratif s’efforce de soumettre toute turbulence en dissimulant son chaos sous une linéarité de façade et des dénouements postiches. Cette activité transforme le récit (et le type de lecture qu’elle induit en une sorte d’eschatologie dont Operation Wandering Soul dénonce le mensonge et la fuite en avant. Pour en combattre les effets néfastes, le roman s’emploie à perturber l’ordre narratif et à bousculer nos habitudes de lecture ; il se fait texte turbulent en conformant sa structure la plus intime à celle des systèmes non linéaires.In Richard Powers’ Operation Wandering Soul, the conventional linearity of narrative gives way to a type of discontinuity and circularity that is reminiscent of the unpredictable movement of turbulent flows. This paper suggests that such turbulence enacts a new way of writing and reading narrative. Turbulence is always described in the novel as a disruptive force that must be checked or a noise that must be silenced. This imperative, which testifies to narrative’s desire for closure and meaning, may be construed as an index of the way narrative order attempts to subdue all turbulence by covering up its proliferating chaos with perfunctory linearity and cosmetic endings. Such activity turns narrative—and the type of reading it encourages—into some kind of

  12. Richard Spruce, botânico e desbravador da América do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seaward Mark R. D.

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available No período entre 1849 e 1864, o botânico e explorador inglês Richard Spruce promoveu minucioso estudo da flora amazônica e dos costumes dos povos que habitavam essa região. Ainda hoje, grande parte do conhecimento sobre várias famílias botânicas daquela região advém do esforço desenvolvido por esse cientista. A amplitude de seus interesses, a meticulosidade e a exatidão de suas descrições foram fenomenais: nada parece ter escapado à sua atenção e capacidade de documentação. Spruce era não apenas notável botânico, mas também admirável antropólogo, lingüista (sabia francês, espanhol e português, geólogo, e geógrafo, bem como arguto observador sociológico dos sistemas políticos e dos hábitos das tribos amazônicas e andinas entre as quais esteve, trazendo considerável contribuição para o entendimento das crenças e práticas nativas e para o conhecimento das propriedades e usos das plantas, no contexto amazônico. Sua participação na exploração econômica de espécies locais também foi importante, particularmente em relação aos gêneros Hevea e Cinchona.

  13. Richard von Krafft-Ebing's views on the etiology of major psychiatric illness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engstrom, E J; Kendler, K S

    2013-07-01

    While best known in the anglophonic world for his work on sexual deviations and his advocacy for degeneration theory, Richard Krafft-Ebing (RKE) (1840-1902) was a major figure in late-19th century European psychiatry and author of the most widely read German psychiatric textbook of that era. With the goal of (re-)introducing his work to an anglophonic audience, we review and provide an historical context for RKE's etiologic theory of major psychiatric illness. RKE saw psychiatric disorders as multifactorial, arising from two sets of etiologic factors: predisposing and exciting. Exciting causes were either psychological or physical, while predisposing causes were either general (e.g. sex, occupation, age) or individual-specific. Three major individual-specific risk factors were of particular importance: heredity, personality and education/rearing. Hereditary factors were typically the most important but were usually non-specific in their effect with the forms of psychiatric illness often differing in close relatives. He emphasized the importance of the 'neuropathic personality,' which rendered affected individuals sensitive to the pathogenic effects of various exciting influences. Poor rearing could also substantially increase risk for major mental illness. RKE saw the influences of hereditary and rearing factors on psychiatric illness as often mediated through a neuropathic personality. While RKE believed in degeneration theory and emphasized the potential etiologic importance of masturbation in psychiatric illness, his clinical writings were otherwise characterized by a broad-minded and sensible approach that lacked the narrowness of the strongly brain-based or psychoanalytic psychiatric schools which were very influential during and shortly after his life.

  14. Morrow, Reiff, Receive 2013 Space Physics and Aeronomy Richard Carrington Awards: Response

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reiff, Patricia H.

    2014-08-01

    It is a special privilege to receive this award honoring Richard Carrington's discovery of what we now call space weather. It is particularly appropriate that this award also recognizes Cherilynn Morrow, who 20 years ago made a presentation to the Space Science Advisory Committee on Jeff Rosendhal's idea of mission-based E/PO. We worked together, bringing that idea to the successful, but threatened, network it is today. For me, learning and teaching go hand in hand—as we publish our findings for our peers, we should also repay the public investment in our research with accurate, understandable results. My interest in space science was sparked by a father-daughter course in astronomy sponsored by the Brownies at the Oklahoma City Planetarium and kindled by the Bell Labs production The Strange Case of the Cosmic Rays directed by Frank Capra. Knowing that planetarium shows and educational movies can change lives, I have devoted a large portion of my last 25 years to creating software, shows, and portable planetariums to inspire and engage youth. This has not been a one-person effort, of course. My work Cherilynn Ann Morrow would have been impossible without the collaboration of Carolyn Sumners, vice president of the Houston Museum of Natural Science. Our museum kiosk and planetarium control software would not have happened without the skill and perseverance of my chief programmer, Colin Law. Jim Burch has been first a mentor and then a colleague on both the research and outreach sides of my career. I share this honor with a long line of highly talented students and postdocs who have contributed science content and outreach efforts. Most importantly, without the support of my husband, Tom Hill, I would not have had the time and freedom to build an educational network while continuing research and raising a family. I thank AGU for bestowing this honor.

  15. An experimental 'Life' for an experimental life: Richard Waller's biography of Robert Hooke (1705).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moxham, Noah

    2016-03-01

    Richard Waller's 'Life of Dr Robert Hooke', prefixed to his edition of Hooke's Posthumous Works (1705), is an important source for the life of one of the most eminent members of the early Royal Society. It also has the distinction of being one of the earliest biographies of a man of science to be published in English. I argue that it is in fact the first biography to embrace the subject's natural-philosophical work as the centre of his life, and I investigate Waller's reasons for adopting this strategy and his struggle with the problem of how to represent an early experimental philosopher in print. I suggest that Waller eschews the 'Christian philosopher' tradition of contemporary biography - partly because of the unusually diverse and fragmentary nature of Hooke's intellectual output - and draws instead upon the structure of the Royal Society's archive as a means of organizing and understanding Hooke's life. The most quoted phrase from Waller's biography is that Hooke became 'to a crime close and reserved' in later life; this essay argues that Waller's biographical sketch was fashioned in order to undo the effects of that reserve. In modelling his approach very closely on the structure of the society's records he was principally concerned with making Hooke's work and biography accessible, intelligible and useful to the fellowship in a context familiar to them, a context which had provided the institutional framework for most of Hooke's adult life. I argue that Waller's 'Life' was also intended to make the largest claims for Hooke's intellectual standing that the author dared in the context of the enmity between Hooke and Isaac Newton once the latter became president of the Royal Society. However, I also adduce fresh manuscript evidence that Waller actually compiled, but did not publish, a defence of Hooke's claim to have discovered the inverse square law of gravity, allowing us to glimpse a much more assertive biography of Hooke than the published version.

  16. Timothy Leary, Richard Alpert (Ram Dass) and the changing definition of psilocybin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wark, Colin; Galliher, John F

    2010-05-01

    This research focuses on the events leading to the 1968 U.S. federal prohibition of psilocybin. It is a study of duelling moral entrepreneurs-Timothy Leary and Richard Alpert vs. the Harvard University Administration. The goal is to show how the primary active compound in an ostensibly harmless fungus (the psilocybin mushroom) became controversial in less than a decade. We used books, newspapers, magazine articles and previously unpublished materials (including documents from the Harvard Archives) to analyze Leary and Alpert's lives and careers through the early 1970s. The prohibition of psilocybin in the U.S. was largely a product of Leary and Alpert's involvement in the "Harvard drug scandal" and their transformation from Harvard professors to countercultural icons. They tested the substance on a variety of human subjects and in doing so piqued the interest of Harvard undergraduates while drawing condemnation from other faculty and Harvard administrators. This case is theoretically interesting because unlike most illegal drugs, psilocybin was never linked to a threatening minority group, but to some of the nation's most privileged youth. The Harvard administrators were not really moral entrepreneurs but Leary and Alpert clearly were. Although they were far from being prohibitionists, they were self-righteous crusaders on different but equally holy missions for the good of young and minority Americans. Ironically, due to their successes the possession of psilocybin was criminalized under United States federal law in 1968 (Pub. L. No. 90-639, Stat. 1361 1968 and Boire, 2002). This case study demonstrates that crusaders can be successful in changing culture even when laws are passed in futile attempts to control their behaviour, just as Leary predicted. Copyright 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  17. Sufi, Christian or Buddhist? Richard Francis Burton’s “Parameters of Belief”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Wallen

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Richard Burton has been interpreted and misinterpreted by literary critics as eminent as Edward Said and Louisa Pratt as well as by others such as Rana Kabbani and Reina Lewis. Biographers like Fawn Brody, Edward Rice, Mary Lovell and Jon Godsall have also had their say. Burton has been variously described as imperialist, sexist, gay, obssessed with pornography, racist, plagiarist, sexual libertine, scatologist, expert sociologist, profoundly deceitful and impotent. In spite of this negative press, interest in Burton is always high as his life and times are relevant to many scholars interested in the 19th century origins of modern thought and postcolonial ideas. In this paper presentation I will attempt to get beyond the confused and contradictory portrayals of Burton over the last 50 or so years by looking in some detail at Burton’s two long poems: Stone Talk and The Kasidah. In these works, published 15 years apart, Burton writes under pseudonyms and, as I will argue, is able to express many of his deepest beliefs, especially in The Kasidah where he is playing the part of Hadji Abu Al Yezid, a Sufi like-wise man who possesses some startling similarities to Burton himself. What emerges from this close examination of the texts is a sensitive relativist who, while adhering to the scientific method in all his practical dealings, is yet able to consider the possibility that everything we see around us and all our experience of the world might be, finally, nothing more than Maya and illusion. Keywords: Burton, Victorian poetry, Eastern philosophy, Travel literature, Victorian literature, 19th century philosophy, Buddhism, Hinduism, Postcolonial literature, Elegies, Sufism, Belief systems, Religion

  18. The Effect of Richard Wagner's Music and Beliefs on Hitler's Ideology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolyn S. Ticker

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The Holocaust will always be remembered as one of the most horrific and evil events in all of history. One question that has been so pervasive in regards to this historical event is the question of why. Why exactly did Hitler massacre the Jewish people? Why did he come to the conclusion that the Jews were somehow lesser than him, and that it was okay to kill them? What and who were his influences and how did they help form Hitler’s opinions leading up to the Holocaust? Although more than one situation or person influenced Hitler, I believe that one man in particular really helped contribute to Hitler’s ideas, especially about the Jewish people. This man is the famous musician Richard Wagner. While musicologists admit that Wagner was a musical genius, one aspect of his career that is hard to ignore is his strong antisemitism. In addition to speaking about his hatred for the Jews, he also wrote about it in his music, making it hard to glance over. Hitler had been close to the Wagner family, and had an obsessive, cult-like infatuation with Wagner’s music beginning in his childhood. This infatuation with Wagner’s music and his closeness to his later family helped facilitate and solidify his negative views about the Jewish people. In this paper I will explore the antisemitism that is within Wagner’s music and writing, and then I will discuss how Wagner’s antisemitism helped inform, influence, and shape Hitler’s ideas, indirectly assisting in the propagation of the Holocaust.

  19. Visiting Richard Serra's "Promenade" sculpture improves postural control and judgment of subjective visual vertical.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kapoula, Zoï; Lang, Alexandre; Lê, Thanh-Thuan; Adenis, Marie-Sarah; Yang, Qing; Lipede, Gabi; Vernet, Marine

    2014-01-01

    Body sway while maintaining an upright quiet stance reflects an active process of balance based on the integration of visual, vestibular, somatosensory, and proprioceptive inputs. Richard Serra's Promenade sculpture featured in the 2008 Monumenta exhibition at the Grand Palais in Paris, France is herein hypothesized to have stimulated the body's vertical and longitudinal axes as it showcased five monumental rectangular solids pitched at a 1.69(°) angle. Using computerized dynamic posturography we measured the body sway of 23 visitors when fixating a cross, or when observing the artwork (fixating it or actively exploring it with eye movements) before and after walking around and alongside the sculpture (i.e., before and after a promenade). A first fixation at the sculpture increased medio-lateral stability (in terms of spectral power of body sway). Eye movement exploration in the depth of the sculpture increased antero-posterior stability [in terms of spectral power and canceling time (CT) of body sway] at the expense of medio-lateral stability (in terms of CT). Moreover, a medio-lateral instability associated with eye movement exploration before the promenade (in terms of body sway sensu stricto) was canceled after the promenade. Finally, the overall medio-lateral stability (in terms of spectral power) increased after the promenade. Fourteen additional visitors were asked to stand in a dark room and adjust a luminous line to what they considered to be the earth-vertical axis. The promenade executed within the sculpted environment afforded by Serra's monumental statuary works resulted in significantly improved performances on the subjective visual vertical test. We attribute these effects to the sculpted environment provided by the exhibition which may have acted as a kind of physiologic "training ground" thereby improving the visitors' overall sense of visual perspective, equilibrium, and gravity.

  20. Richard Doll and Alice Stewart: reputation and the shaping of scientific "truth".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greene, Gayle

    2011-01-01

    As the world watched the Fukushima reactors release radionuclides into the ocean and atmosphere, the warnings of Dr. Alice Stewart about radiation risk and the reassurances of Sir Richard Doll assumed renewed relevance. Doll and Stewart, pioneer cancer epidemiologists who made major contributions in the 1950s-he by demonstrating the link between lung cancer and smoking, she by discovering that fetal X-rays double the chance of a childhood cancer-were locked into opposition about low-dose radiation risk. When she went public with the discovery that radiation at a fraction of the dose "known" to be dangerous could kill a child, her reputation plummeted, whereas Doll, foremost among her detractors, was knighted and lauded as "the world's most distinguished medical epidemiologist" for his work. Their lives and careers, so closely intertwined, took contrary courses, he becoming "more of the establishment" (as he said), while she became more oppositional. When it was discovered, after his death, that he'd been taking large sums of money from industries whose chemicals he was clearing of cancer risk, his reputation remained unscathed; it is now enshrined in the "Authorized Biography" (2009) commissioned by the Wellcome Institute, along with Doll's denigration of Stewart as an "embittered" woman and biased scientist. Stewart lived long enough to see radiation science move her way, to see international committees affirm, in the 1990s, that there is no threshold beneath which radiation ceases to be dangerous; recent evidence from Chernobyl is bearing out her warnings. But a look at the making and breaking of these reputations reveals the power of status, position, and image to shape scientific "knowledge" and social policy.

  1. Visiting Richard Serra’s Promenade sculpture improves postural control and judgment of subjective visual vertical.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zoï eKapoula

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Body sway while maintaining an upright quiet stance reflects an active process of balance based on the integration of visual, vestibular, somatosensory and proprioceptive inputs. Richard Serra’s Promenade sculpture featured in the 2008 Monumenta exhibition at the Grand Palais in Paris, France is herein hypothesised to have stimulated the body’s vertical and longitudinal axes as it showcased 5 monumental rectangular solids pitched at a 1.69° angle.Using computerised dynamic posturography we measured the body sway of 23 visitors when fixating a cross, or when observing the artwork (fixating it or actively exploring it with eye movements before and after walking around and alongside the sculpture (i.e., before and after a promenade. A first fixation at the sculpture increased medio-lateral stability (in terms of spectral power of body sway. Eye movement exploration in the depth of the sculpture increased antero-posterior stability (in terms of spectral power and cancelling time of body sway at the expense of medio-lateral stability (in terms of cancelling time. Moreover, a medio-lateral instability associated with eye movement exploration before the promenade (in terms of body sway sensu stricto was cancelled after the promenade. Finally, the overall medio-lateral stability (in terms of spectral power increased after the promenade.Fourteen additional visitors were asked to sit in a dark room and adjust a luminous line to what they considered to be the earth-vertical axis. The promenade executed within the sculpted environment afforded by Serra’s monumental statuary works resulted in significantly improved performances on the subjective visual vertical test.We attribute these effects to the sculpted environment provided by the exhibition which may have acted as a kind of physiologic training ground thereby improving the visitors’ overall sense of visual perspective, equilibrium and gravity.

  2. An Enlightenment proposal for music therapy: Richard Brocklesby on music, spirit, and the passions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gouk, Penelope

    2015-01-01

    In 1749, the London physician Richard Brocklesby (1722-1797) published his Reflections on Antient [sic] and Modern Musick, an essay that not only sought to compare these practices in terms of their effects, but also to gather evidence supporting the use of music in treating mania and other mental diseases. As might be expected, Brocklesby's discussion of music therapy has already received attention by authors looking back to the origins of this practice, not least because he offers an account of a successful musical cure that took place in his own time (Rorke, 2001). My chapter, however, seeks to broaden the discussion of the Reflections, in order to show how Brocklesby's projected musical cures fit into his larger worldview, one that was influenced as much by Plato and other ancient philosophers as it was by modern thinkers such as Isaac Newton and his followers. Brocklesby's argument was essentially that music acted as a link between the mind and body and therefore could restore their intrinsic harmony, a connection that was mediated by the animal spirits, which also served as the vehicle of the passions. The movements and proportions of music could arouse or quell the passions by their effect on these (imaginary) spirits, which flowed through the nerves and brain and acted as the agent for the mind or soul. I show how his account of music in antiquity led him to reflect on the way that music was perceived and responded to in his own time, both as a stimulus to mental and bodily action, and as a source of esthetic pleasure through the cultivation of musical taste.

  3. Süüme sundis vabrikujuhti palgatööliseks jääma / Richard Mutso ; interv. Jüri Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mutso, Richard, 1933-

    2003-01-01

    Intervjuu Võru mööblitehase Wermo peadirektorina töötanud, praeguse tehase nõukogu liikme Richard Mutsoga tehase juhtimisest, euroreferendumist, eraelust. Kommenteerivad: Silva Mutso, Veljo Ipits

  4. Süüme sundis vabrikujuhti palgatööliseks jääma / Richard Mutso ; interv. Jüri Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mutso, Richard, 1933-

    2003-01-01

    Intervjuu Võru mööblitehase Wermo peadirektorina töötanud, praeguse tehase nõukogu liikme Richard Mutsoga tehase juhtimisest, euroreferendumist, eraelust. Kommenteerivad: Silva Mutso, Veljo Ipits

  5. North American Regional Security: A Trilateral Framework. By Richard J. Kilroy, Jr., Abelardo Rodriquez Sumano, and Todd S. Hataley, Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Press, 2013.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Stewart-Ingersoll

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available North American Regional Security: A Trilateral Framework. By Richard J. Kilroy, Jr., Abelardo Rodriquez Sumano, and Todd S. Hataley, Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Press, 2013. ISBN 978-1-58826-854-9.

  6. 民国时期回族报刊关于回族婚俗问题的讨论%The Discussion of the HuiM uslims’ Traditions of Marriage on Their Newspapers during the Republic of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘莉

    2013-01-01

    在民国时期新兴的回族报刊中,回族婚姻问题是当时回族知识阶层热烈讨论的焦点问题之一。回族知识分子就回族社会中存在的早婚、奢侈婚姻和不遵从伊斯兰教义的诸多婚姻陋俗展开批判,并有针对性地提出了许多卓有成效的改革措施,即适龄结婚、简朴婚礼和向伊斯兰教义回归。这些讨论和重建措施实质上折射了民国时期回族婚姻中“变”与“不变”的特征:产生一定变化的是婚姻仪式与观念,不变的是共同的伊斯兰宗教信仰以及相关联的民族认同感,以维护族群边界。%Hui Muslims’Marriage, as one of the core problems, was hotly discussed by the intellectuals on Hui Mus-lims’newly edited newspapers during the Republic of China .The Hui Muslim intellectuals criticized the phenomena existed in the Hui Muslim society , such as early marriage , luxurious wedding and traditions of marriage not followed by the Islamic doctrines.Besides, they proposed some effective reformations with regard to the marriage age , simple wedding and retur-ning to the doctrine etc ., which reflected the characteristics of changing and invariability of Hui Muslims ’ marriage during the Republic of China .The changing of it are rituals and perceptions , and the invariabilities are belief and ethnic identities , of which to maintain the boundaries of ethnicity .

  7. 90Sr and 89Sr in seawater off Japan as a consequence of the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear accident

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    K. O. Buesseler

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The impact of the earthquake and tsunami in the east coast of Japan in 11 March 2011 caused a loss of power at the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant (NPP that resulted in one of the most important releases of artificial radioactivity to the environment. Although several works were devoted to evaluate the atmospheric dispersion of radionuclides, the impact of the discharges to the ocean has been less investigated. Here we evaluate the distribution of Fukushima-derived 90Sr and 89Sr throughout waters 30–600 km offshore in June 2011. Concentrations of 90Sr and 89Sr in both surface waters and shallow profiles ranged from 0.8 ± 0.2 to 85 ± 3 Bq m−3 and from 19 ± 6 to 265 ± 74 Bq m−3, respectively. Because of its short half-life, all measured 89Sr was due to the accident, while the 90Sr concentrations can be compared to the background levels in the Pacific Ocean of about 1.2 Bq m−3. Fukushima-derived radiostrontium was mainly detected north of Kuroshio Current, as this was acting as a southern boundary for transport. The highest activities were associated with near-shore eddies, and larger inventories were found in the closest stations to Fukushima NPP. The data evidences a major influence of direct liquid discharges of radiostrontium compared to the atmospheric deposition. Existing 137Cs data reported from the same samples allowed us establishing a 90Sr/137Cs ratio of 0.0256 ± 0.0006 in seawater off Fukushima, being significantly different than that of the global atmospheric fallout (i.e. 0.63 and may be used in future studies to track waters coming from the east coast of Japan. Liquid discharges of 90Sr to the ocean were estimated, resulting in an inventory of 53 ± 1 TBq of 90Sr in the inshore study area in June 2011 and total releases of 90Sr ranging from 90 to 900 TBq, depending upon the reported estimates of 137Cs releases that are considered.

  8. Southward transport of radiocesium discharged directly from Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plants across the Kuroshio Extension Current

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumamoto, Yuichiro; Murata, Akihiko; Kawano, Takeshi; Aoyama, Michio

    2013-04-01

    The massive Tohoku earthquake and consequent giant tsunami of March 11, 2011 resulted in global releases of radiocesium (Cs-134 and Cs-137) in the environment from the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plants (FNPPs). In the North Pacific Ocean, a large portion of Fukushima-derived radiocesium has been settled both through atmospheric deposition and direct discharge. Evaluation of Fukushima-derived cesium isotopes in the ocean is necessary to address risks to marine ecosystem and public health. Meanwhile the contaminants are potentially ideal tracers for material cycles and seawater circulation in the ocean. We present here Fukushima-derived radiocesium in seawaters at stations in the northwestern Pacific Ocean hundreds km away from FNPPs in February 2012. Surface and deeper samples (25-800 m) were collected into 20-L cubitainers using a bucket and a conductivity-temperature-depth rosette with water samplers, respectively. The sample were filtrated and acidified by nitric acid on board. Radiocesium in the seawater sample was concentrated onto ammonium molybdophosphate (AMP). The radiocesium in the AMP/Cs compound was measured using a gamma-spectrometry with well-type Ge detectors. Fukushima-derived radiocesium was found at all the stations from 20°N to 42°N about one year after the disaster. Concentration of radiocesium in the surface mixed layer (0 ~ 150-m depth approximately) was highest in the transition area between the subarctic and subtropical regions (~ 20 Bq/m3) because of the direct discharge of radiocesium from FNPPs into the transition area. The surface concentrations in the subarctic and subtropical regions were less than 5 and 1 Bq/m3, respectively, most of which were probably derived from the atmospheric deposition of Fukushima-derived radiocesium. Below the surface mixed layer the Fukushima-derived radiocesium decreases sharply and was not detected below 400-m depth at stations in the subarctic region and transition area. However at stations just

  9. 90Sr and 89Sr in seawater off Japan as a consequence of the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear accident

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Casacuberta

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The impact of the earthquake and tsunami on the east coast of Japan on 11 March 2011 caused a loss of power at the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant (NPP that resulted in one of the most important releases of artificial radioactivity into the environment. Although several works were devoted to evaluating the atmospheric dispersion of radionuclides, the impact of the discharges to the ocean has been less investigated. Here we evaluate the distribution of Fukushima-derived 90Sr (n = 57 and 89Sr (n = 19 throughout waters 30–600 km offshore in June 2011. Concentrations of 90Sr and 89Sr in both surface waters and shallow profiles ranged from 0.8 ± 0.2 to 85 ± 3 Bq m−3 and from 19 ± 6 to 265 ± 74 Bq m−3, respectively. Because of its short half-life, all measured 89Sr was due to the accident, while the 90Sr concentrations can be compared to the background levels in the Pacific Ocean of about 1.2 Bq m−3. Fukushima-derived radiostrontium was mainly detected north of Kuroshio Current, as this was acting as a southern boundary for transport. The highest activities were associated with near-shore eddies, and larger inventories were found in the closest stations to Fukushima NPP. The data evidence a major influence of direct liquid discharges of radiostrontium compared to the atmospheric deposition. Existing 137Cs data reported from the same samples allowed us to establish a 90Sr / 137Cs ratio of 0.0256 ± 0.0006 in seawater off Fukushima, being significantly different than that of the global atmospheric fallout (i.e., 0.63 and may be used in future studies to track waters coming from the east coast of Japan. Liquid discharges of 90Sr to the ocean were estimated, resulting in an inventory of 53 ± 1 TBq of 90Sr in the inshore study area in June 2011 and total releases of 90Sr ranging from 90 to 900 TBq, depending upon the reported estimates of 137Cs releases that are considered.

  10. 90Sr and 89Sr in seawater off Japan as a consequence of the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear accident

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casacuberta, N.; Masqué, P.; Garcia-Orellana, J.; Garcia-Tenorio, R.; Buesseler, K. O.

    2013-06-01

    The impact of the earthquake and tsunami on the east coast of Japan on 11 March 2011 caused a loss of power at the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant (NPP) that resulted in one of the most important releases of artificial radioactivity into the environment. Although several works were devoted to evaluating the atmospheric dispersion of radionuclides, the impact of the discharges to the ocean has been less investigated. Here we evaluate the distribution of Fukushima-derived 90Sr (n = 57) and 89Sr (n = 19) throughout waters 30-600 km offshore in June 2011. Concentrations of 90Sr and 89Sr in both surface waters and shallow profiles ranged from 0.8 ± 0.2 to 85 ± 3 Bq m-3 and from 19 ± 6 to 265 ± 74 Bq m-3, respectively. Because of its short half-life, all measured 89Sr was due to the accident, while the 90Sr concentrations can be compared to the background levels in the Pacific Ocean of about 1.2 Bq m-3. Fukushima-derived radiostrontium was mainly detected north of Kuroshio Current, as this was acting as a southern boundary for transport. The highest activities were associated with near-shore eddies, and larger inventories were found in the closest stations to Fukushima NPP. The data evidence a major influence of direct liquid discharges of radiostrontium compared to the atmospheric deposition. Existing 137Cs data reported from the same samples allowed us to establish a 90Sr / 137Cs ratio of 0.0256 ± 0.0006 in seawater off Fukushima, being significantly different than that of the global atmospheric fallout (i.e., 0.63) and may be used in future studies to track waters coming from the east coast of Japan. Liquid discharges of 90Sr to the ocean were estimated, resulting in an inventory of 53 ± 1 TBq of 90Sr in the inshore study area in June 2011 and total releases of 90Sr ranging from 90 to 900 TBq, depending upon the reported estimates of 137Cs releases that are considered.

  11. Investigation of sleep patterns and sleep disorders in Uigur and Hui children in XinJiang%新疆维吾尔族和回族儿童睡眠状况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    塔吉古丽·阿不扎热; 徐佩茄; 阿曼古丽·铁木尔; 张季红

    2011-01-01

    Objective To study the sleep quality and quantity and their influencing factors in Uigur and Hui children in Xinjiang Province. Methods From March to December of 2007, 912 Uigur and 1019 Hui school children (6 to 14 years) were randomly sampled from 6 cities of Xinjing Province. The questionnaire on children's sleep states and sleep environments was filled in by children's parents. Results The mean sleep time of Uigur and Hui children was 10. 1 ±1.4 hrs. The sleep time in Uigur children was significantly less than that in Hui children (9.7 ± 1.2 hrs vs 10.4 ±1.5 hfs; P <0.05 ). The mean incidence of sleep disorders was 23.56%. The Uigur children had a lower incidence of sleep disorders compared with the Hui children ( 18.42% vs 28.16%; P <0. 001 ). Ethnic group, sleep latency, use ora swing bed, family history of snore, watching TV before sleeping, hypertrophy of tonsils, eating before sleeping,feeding patterns and recurrent upper respiratory tract infection were the factors associated with the sleep quality and quantity. Conclusions The influencing factors of sleep quality and quantity are multifactorial in Uigur and Hui children in Xinjiang Province. Pediatrician, child health care doctors and parents should pay more attention to children's sleep. The incidence of sleep disorders is different between Uigur and Hui children, suggesting that more research for the prevention and treatment of sleep disorders should be performed in different ethic groups.%目的 了解新疆维吾尔族与回族儿童睡眠状况及其相关影响因素.方法 2007年3-12月采取随机整群抽样的方法,在新疆地区6个县市的小学随机抽取912名维吾尔族学龄儿童和1019名回族学龄儿童,年龄6~14岁,在严格质量控制下由调查者对家长进行儿童睡眠状况的问卷调查.结果 维吾尔族、回族儿童平均睡眠时间为10.1±1.4 h,其中维吾尔族为9.7±1.2 h,回族为10.4±1.5 h,两民族间差异有统计学意义(P<0

  12. Justiça e sociedade liberal em Richard Rorty: justiça como lealdade e o projeto social de uma utopia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo de Almeida Silva

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available O presente texto pretende explorar o conceito de justiça de Richard Rorty e a proposta da Utopia Liberal que o autor apresenta. Para tanto, explora, dentro da obra de Richard Rorty e de alguns autores com quem dialoga, contribuições para o debate da concepção do termo Justiça como um senso de lealdade ampliada e de sua proposta para uma sociedade mais justa, igualitária e inclusiva.   Abstract: This paper aims to explore the concept of justice from Richard Rorty and his proposal about the idea of a Liberal Utopia. With this goal we seek, within the work of Richard Rorty, and some authors with whom he converses, contributions to the discussion of the conception of justice as an expanded sense of loyalty and his proposal for a fairer, equitable and inclusive society.   Resumen: Este trabajo se propone explorar el concepto de justicia de Richard Rorty y la propuesta de liberal utopía que el autor presenta. Con este objetivo, vamos a buscar en la obra de Richard Rorty, y algunos autores con los que conversa, contribuciones a la discusión sobre la concepción de la justicia como un sentido más amplio de la lealtad y su propuesta de una sociedad más justa, equitativa e incluyente.

  13. Carbon Stock Assessment of Dai Homegarden in Xishuangbanna,Yunnan,China%云南西双版纳傣族庭院C储量的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李江; Roberto G.Visco

    2003-01-01

    综合运用样方收获、生物量回归方程及标准木的方法进行样地调查,对西双版纳傣族庭院C储量进行了测定.结果表明傣族庭院的平均C密度为99.85 tons*hm-2.证明传统傣族庭院作为一种生产和生态系统,具有良好的吸收CO2温室气体的能力.%Carbon stock of traditionally managed Dai home gardens in Xishuangbanna, Yunnan was assessed using a method that combined small plot measurements, the use of allometric equations for trees with large dbh and the mean tree technique for bamboo and banana.Results showed the mean carbon stock of Dai home gardens in Xishuangbanna was 99.85 tons*hm-2, suggesting its high potential to curb the rate of CO2 increase in the atmosphere.

  14. Radiocaesium activity concentrations in parmelioid lichens within a 60 km radius of the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dohi, Terumi; Ohmura, Yoshihito; Kashiwadani, Hiroyuki; Fujiwara, Kenso; Sakamoto, Yoshiaki; Iijima, Kazuki

    2015-08-01

    Radiocaesium activity concentrations ((134)Cs and (137)Cs) were measured in parmelioid lichens collected within the Fukushima Prefecture approximately 2 y after the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident. A total of 44 samples consisting of nine species were collected at 16 points within a 60 km radius of the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant. The activity concentration of (134)Cs ranged from 4.6 to 1000 kBq kg(-1) and for (137)Cs ranged from 7.6 to 1740 kBq kg(-1). A significant positive correlation was found between the (137)Cs activity concentration in lichens and the (137)Cs deposition density on soil (n = 44), based on the calculated Spearman's rank correlation coefficients as r = 0.90 (P < 0.01). The two dominant species, Flavoparmelia caperata (n = 12) and Parmotrema clavuliferum (n = 11), showed strong positive correlations, for which the r values were calculated as 0.92 (P < 0.01) and 0.90 (P < 0.01) respectively. Therefore, Flavoparmelia caperata and Parmotrema clavuliferum are suggested as biomonitoring species for levels of radiocaesium fallout within the Fukushima Prefecture.

  15. 贾雨村讹夺石扇案辨正%Explore the Truth of JIA Yu-cun Grabbing SHI Dai-zi's Fans by Blackmail

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    房义斌

    2011-01-01

    学界历来认为讹夺石扇为贾雨村欺压良善的铁证,不假辨别地信以为真,对其人品大加挞伐,实属误会。讹夺石扇是平儿、贾琏合谋的谎言,是对纳妾鸳鸯事件的影射,并非贾琏挨打的真相。贾琏挨打的导火索是鸳鸯事件;远因是大不孝——无子。%Academia has regarded the case of JIA Yu-cun grabbing SHI Dai-zi's fans by blackmail as an indisputable fact of his bully oppression of good people without identification. Then lots of critics of JIA Yu-cun's moral character leaded to injustice, which is a misunderstanding. The truth of JIA Yu-cun grabbing SHI Dai-zi's fans by blackmail was a mendacity collaborated by Ping Er and JIA Lian, wich was a shadow Of Yuan Yang event actually, not the truth of JLA Lian beaten. The fuse of JIA Lian beaten was Yuan Yang event, and the underlying cause was that JIA Lian had no son.

  16. The Form Of Dai Village Under The Influence Of Cultural Factors%文化因素影响下的傣族村寨形态

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘旸

    2016-01-01

    The form of Dai vilage is not only influenced by geographical factors but also cultural factors. This essay is focusing on how the religion, concept of Feng Shui, moral and ethics help forming the structures, centers, boundaries, nodes and space layout of the Dai Vilage on two levels, both settlement and residential.%文章基于聚落层级和住宅层级两个居住空间层级,对文化因素影响下的傣族村寨形态进行研究。分析傣族的宗教信仰、风水观和伦理道德观对傣族村寨的结构布局、中心、边界、结点以及住宅的空间布局等产生的影响和制约作用,从文化的角度阐释傣族村寨中一些独特空间形态的产生原因。

  17. The Time-Dependent Transfer Factor of Radiocesium from Soil to Game Animals in Japan after the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Accident.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tagami, Keiko; Howard, Brenda J; Uchida, Shigeo

    2016-09-06

    Since the Fukushima Dai-ichi accident, monitoring of tissues from hunted game animals ensures compliance with the standard food limits for radionuclides in Japan. We quantified the transfer of (137)Cs from contaminated land to game animals using the Aggregated transfer factor (Tag = activity concentration in meat [Bq kg(-1) fw]/amount in soil [Bq m(-2)]) of (137)Cs for Asian black bear, wild boar, sika deer, green pheasant, copper pheasant and wild duck, collected between 2011 and 2015. Open data sources were used from Fukushima, Miyagi, Ibaraki, Tochigi, and Gunma prefectures. Our initially compiled data showed that the maximum reported (137)Cs activity concentration in wild boar after the Fukushima Dai-ichi accident were lower than those reported after the Chernobyl accident. The geometric mean Tag values (m(2)kg(-1) fw) of (137)Cs in 2015 for Asian black bear, wild boar, sika deer and copper pheasant were similar (1.9-5.1) × 10(-3) while those for green pheasant and wild duck were about 1 order of magnitude lower at (1.0-2.2) × 10(-4). Effective half-lives were 1.2-6.9 y except for sika deer and copper pheasant where no decreases were found. In contrast to the Chernobyl accident, no seasonal change occurred in the meat (137)Cs activity concentrations of the wild animals during the study period.

  18. Skolotāja tēls 19.gadsimta otrajā pusē latviešu daiļliteratūrā

    OpenAIRE

    Polmane, Ramona

    2008-01-01

    Viens no pētniecības virzieniem pedagoģijas vēsturē un mūsdienu pedagoģijā kā pasaulē, tā arī Latvijā ir skolotāja tēls, skolotāja personība, taču samērā maz skolotāja tēls ir pētīts tādā aspektā kā latviešu daiļliteratūra, tāpēc bakalaura darba mērķis ir izpētīt skolotāja tēlu 19.gadsimta otrajā pusē latviešu daiļliteratūrā. Pētījuma pirmajā nodaļā tiek izanalizēts jēdziens „skolotāja tēls” zinātniskajā literatūrā, otrajā nodaļā tiek izzināts un izpētīts konkrēts laika periods – 19.gadsi...

  19. A Lagrangian model for soil water dynamics: can we step beyond Richard's equation while preserving capillarity as first order control?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zehe, Erwin; Jackisch, Conrad

    2016-04-01

    Water storage in the unsaturated zone is controlled by capillary forces which increase nonlinearly with decreasing pore size, because water acts as a wetting fluid in soil. The standard approach to represent capillary and gravity controlled soil water dynamics is the Darcy-Richards equation in combination with suitable soil water characteristics. This continuum model essentially assumes capillarity controlled diffusive fluxes to dominate soil water dynamics under local thermodynamic equilibrium conditions. Today we know that the assumptions of local equilibrium conditions e.g. and a mainly diffusive flow are often not appropriate, particularly during rainfall events in structured soils. Rapid or preferential flow imply a strong local disequilibrium and imperfect mixing between a fast fraction of soil water, traveling in interconnected coarse pores or non-capillary macropores, and the slower diffusive flow in finer fractions of the pore space. Although various concepts have been proposed to overcome the inability of the Darcy - Richards concept to cope with not-well mixed preferential flow, we still lack an approach that is commonly accepted. Notwithstanding the listed short comings, one should not mistake the limitations of the Richards equation with non-importance of capillary forces in soil. Without capillarity infiltrating rainfall would drain into groundwater bodies, leaving an empty soil as the local equilibrium state - there would be no soil water dynamics at all, probably even no terrestrial vegetation without capillary forces. Better alternatives for the Darcy-Richards approach are thus highly desirable, as long they preserve the grain of "truth" about capillarity as first order control. Here we propose such an alternative approach to simulate soil moisture dynamics in a stochastic and yet physical way. Soil water is represented by particles of constant mass, which travel according to the Itô form of the Fokker Planck equation. The model concept builds on

  20. Hospital and community surveys reveal the severe public health problem and socio-economic impact of human echinococcosis in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Y R; Williams, G M; Craig, P S; Sun, T; Yang, S K; Cheng, L; Vuitton, D A; Giraudoux, P; Li, X; Hu, S; Liu, X; Pan, X; McManus, D P

    2006-06-01

    A comprehensive study of human echinococcosis (caused by Echinococcus granulosus or E. multilocularis), including assessment of hospital records, community surveys and patient follow-up, was conducted in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (NHAR), China. In contrast to hospital records that showed 96% of echinococcosis cases were caused by cystic echinococcosis (CE), 56% of cases detected in active community surveys were caused by alveolar echinococcosis (AE). The AE and CE cases co-existed frequently in the same village, even occurring in the same patient. A serious public health problem caused by echinococcosis was evident in southern NHAR, typified by: a long diagnostic history for both AE and CE (7.5 years) compared with a shorter treatment history (4.7 years); a significant mortality rate (39%) caused by AE in one surveyed village, where patients had no previous access to treatment; family aggregation of CE and AE cases; a high proportion of both AE (62.5%) and CE (58%) in females; a high rate of recurrent surgery (30%) for CE demonstrated by surgical records; and frequent symptomatic recurrences (51%) because of discontinuous or sporadic access to chemotherapy for AE. The disease burden for both human AE and CE is thus very severe among these rural communities in NHAR, and this study provides the first attempt to determine the costs of morbidity and surgical intervention of human CE and AE cases both at the hospital and community level in this setting. This information may be useful for assessing the cost effectiveness of designing effective public health programs to control echinococcosis in this and other endemic areas in China and elsewhere.

  1. A Research of the Ethnic Intermarriage of Muslim (Hui) Tibetans in Shigatse%日喀则“藏回”族际通婚调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗布; 孙海芳

    2016-01-01

    with the deepening of inter-ethnic communication, the Muslim(Hui) Tibetans in Shigatse as a typical ex⁃ample of acculturation, is a group of people have been gradually“Tibetanized”in the process of inter-ethnic communication, but they consciously preserve and inherit their national identity at the aspect of religious belief and ethnic intermarriage. Compared with the strict marriage discipline of the Muslim people in inland prohibit⁃ing ethnic intermarriage, the Muslim Tibetans in Shigatse allow ethnic intermarriage, but the Tibetans or any oth⁃er ethnic people, who marry with the Muslim Tibetans, have to convert their religious beliefs to Islam first.%伴随着族际交流的日益深入,日喀则“藏回”作为文化涵化的典型例证,是族际深度交往过程中,逐步“藏化”的群体,但是在宗教信仰与族际通婚方面,刻意保留并维持着原有的民族特征。较之内地回族严格族内婚姻的戒律,日喀则“藏回”可以接受“藏入回”或者其他民族“入回”,可以婚娶他族的配偶,但是前提条件是对方必须信仰伊斯兰教,即改变原有宗教信仰。除却极端个例外,不存在“回入藏”的现象。

  2. L'immagine visibile di un Dio che può essere: Michel Henry e Richard Kearney in dialogo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonah M. Ford

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available   This article attempts an exploration of Michel Henry’s I Am the Truth and Richard Kearney’s The God Who May Be, as each appropriate the Husserlian critique of Kantian epistemology. Although Henry and Kearney both develop a Christian theology rooted in this Husserlian inheritance, their explication of the truths Christianity asserts is strikingly different. It is the assertion of this essay that this difference is primarily a textual one; or, to put it another way, it is conditioned first by their scriptural gaze.Cet article se propose de reprendre le contenu de Michel Henry, C’est moi, la vérité et Richard Kearney The God Who May Be, dans lesquels les auteurs analysent la critique husserlienne de l’épistémologie kantienne. Bien que Henry et Kearney tous les deux développent une théologie chrétienne enracinée dans cet héritage husserlien, leur explication des vérités affirmées du Christianisme est très différente. Pour nous, la différence entre eux est de type textuel, c’est à dire qu’elle dépend de l’analyse qu’ils font de la Sainte Écriture.Questo articolo si propone di riprendere il contenuto dei testi Io sono la verità di Michel Henry e The God Who May Be di Richard Kearney, nei quali i rispettivi autori analizzano la critica husserliana dell'epistemologia di Kant. Sebbene entrambi sviluppano una "teologia" cristiana radicata in questa eredità husserliana, la loro spiegazione delle verità cristiane è alquanto differente. Per noi, la differenza tra essi è di tipo testuale, vale a dire che dipende dall'analisi che essi fanno del testo biblico.

  3. Pragmatismo e esfera pública : um diálogo entre Richard Rorty e Jürgen Habermas

    OpenAIRE

    Sousa Neto, Helson de

    2012-01-01

    Jürgen Habermas, ao tratar da teoria pragmática, tentara resolver problemas constatados em sua obra Mudança estrutural da esfera pública (1962). Aqui, nosso objetivo geral é avançar em estudos que contribuam para a continuidade do programa da virada lingüística proposta por Habermas assim como para a compreensão de seu debate com Richard Rorty a respeito dos temas verdade e justificação . A nossa preocupação inicial foi recorrer ao pragmatismo clássico, aqui representado por Charles Sanders ...

  4. Genetics and the origin of species: the continuing synthesis a symposium in honor of Richard G. Harrison

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grosberg, Richard K.; Rand, David M.; Normark, Benjamin B.

    2013-01-01

    This is a special issue of Genetica that has its origins in a symposium held in honor of Richard G. Harrison at Ithaca, New York on July 22–23. Former students of Rick Harrison organized the symposium and most of the speakers were former students, as well. The quality and breadth of the talks were a testament to Rick’s influence as a thinker, synthesizer, and mentor and it is only appropriate to reflect on Rick’s contributions to the fields of evolutionary ecology, systematics, and genetics in this preface to the symposium articles. PMID:21152955

  5. EL MODELO DE CICLO Y CRECIMIENTO DE RICHARD GOODWIN: UNA EVALUACIÓN EMPÍRICA PARA COLOMBIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvaro Martín Moreno R

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del presente trabajo es exponer y evaluar la hipótesis del crecimiento cíclico de Richard Goodwin. Se utilizan datos colombianos para contrastar los supuestos del modelo. Se encontró que a nivel cualitativo, la dinámica de las variables de estado en el espacio de fases muestra cierta correspondencia con las predicciones teóricas, al menos para dos períodos: 1957-1966 y 1968-1974. Los resultados cuantitativos rechazan los supuestos del modelo y los modelos empíricos no describen el verdadero proceso generador de los datos.

  6. The Hui Architectural Phenomenon Analysis based on the Traditional Wooden Space: A Case Study of Traditional Wooden Mosque of Ningxia Hui Nationality%基于传统木构空间的回族建筑现象解析——以宁夏回族传统木构清真寺为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    燕宁娜

    2013-01-01

    In China,the mosque as a typical representative of the Islamic Architecture,along with the process of the introduction and spread of Islam,experienced four periods of transplant,formed,high tide,stagnation and recession.Mosque in China has designed withthe basic rules of the World Islamic Architecture,at the same time,the formation of a unique shape and style are different from those of other religious buildings.Ningxia as the only largest Muslim population settlements,due to its unique geographical environment,sociocultural and religious history,traditional building skills and other reasons,makes the region Hui mosque have showed the significant differences with other regions.The paper selects Ningxia traditional wooden mosque building as an object of study,analyzes the monomer building space from the overall layout,timber frame and technology.It reveals a tradifional wooden frame of the Ningxia Hui mosques architectural features,provides evidence for protection and inheritance Hui wooden architecture,space design practices and reference in the Ningxia region.%在中国,伊斯兰教建筑的典型代表——清真寺,随着伊斯兰教的传入,在传播的过程中,经历了移植、形成、高潮、停滞衰退等四个时期.中国清真寺建筑在遵循了世界伊斯兰教建筑的基本规则的同时,形成了有别于其他宗教建筑的独有形制和风格.宁夏作为全国唯一的、最大的回族人口聚居地,由于其独特的地理环境、社会文化、宗教历史、传统建筑技艺等原因,使得该地区的回族清真寺表现出与其他地区显著的差异.该文选取宁夏境内传统木构清真寺建筑作为研究对象,从总体布局、单体建筑空间、木构架技术等方面对其进行深入解析,揭示了宁夏回族传统木构架清真寺建筑特征,为宁夏地区保护与传承回族木构建筑技术、空间设计手法等提供实证与参考.

  7. Reply to Comment by Cole-dai Et Al. on "Climatic Impact of the Long-lasting Laki Eruption: Inapplicability of Mass-independent Sulfur Isotope Composition Measurements"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmidt, Anja; Thordarson, Thorvaldur; Oman, Luke D.; Robock, Alan; Self, Stephen

    2014-01-01

    Here we respond to the comments by Cole-Dai et al. [2014] on our article Schmidt et al. [2012]. Specifically, in response to section 2 of their reply, we argued in Schmidt et al. [2012] that based on previously published estimates of the volatile release height during the 1783-1784 C.E. Laki eruption, the lack of a sulfur massindependent fractionation (MIF) anomaly is expected. In other words, no previous study on Laki ever argued that this eruption emitted SO2 into altitudes >13-15 km. In section 2.3, Cole-Dai et al. [2014] argue that the nonzero ?33S value of their Laki sample 1 may be explained by a short-lived explosive phase at Laki during which volatiles reached the stratosphere. In Schmidt et al. [2012] in section 2, we argued in agreement with Cole-Dai et al. [2014] (section 3.1) that for a MIF anomaly to be preserved, the Laki volatiles would have had to be emitted in >20 km altitude. Our main point is that eruption column heights >20 km are unlikely based on the historical accounts and plume-rise modeling for the Laki eruption [Stothers et al., 1986; Woods, 1993; Thordarson and Self, 2003]. In Schmidt et al. [2012], we argued that to deduce a short-lived climatic impact of the Laki eruption based on the lack of a MIF anomaly and the length of the sulfate deposition in Greenland ice cores may be misleading because the climatic impact will outlast the radiative forcing of the Laki aerosol cloud. Cole-Dai et al. [2014] acknowledge the latter in their reply in section 4.2. We agreewith Cole-Dai et al. [2014] in that themagnitude and length of the climatic impact during the winter of 1783-1784 depends on the altitude of the volatile release during the eruption (sections 2.3 and 4.2). However, even if we assumed that during Laki all sulfur dioxide (SO2) would have been released in the troposphere, then the aerosol cloud would still be present in the upper troposphere during March 1784, as is evident from independent model simulations of this "tropospheric

  8. The theory and methods of diagnosing and treating rheumatoid arthritis (RA) of Dai ;medicine%基于傣医理论诊治类风湿关节炎方法探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘立文; 王晓明; 杨先振

    2016-01-01

    By reviewing documents and learning from the Dai medicine teachers, the papertried to show the theory and methods of Dai medicine on diagnosing and treating Rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Dai medicine took a note that RA was caused by the unbalance of the interal Sita and affected by the external Paya Longgananhuang. Those pathogeny can make the partial joint and muscle's function abnormal, which resulted in the RA. RA can be separated into three types which are Longmengshahoufeixiang. They could be treated by boththe internal and external treatments. The etiology and pathogenesis of RA and its diagnosis and treatment methods of traditional Dai medicine were profound, unique and useful. It`s worth of clinical application and further researches.%本文总结、分析傣医诊治类风湿关节炎(rheumatoid arthritis, RA)的理论与方法。傣医认为 RA 的病因病机是体内四塔失衡,加之外感风寒湿热诸邪,内外合邪引起关节肌肉局部四塔功能失常而发病。RA在傣医学中辨证分为拢蒙沙喉菲想、噶想与喃想3型,采用内、外验方治之疗效显著。

  9. 自我叙事式解读回族宗教活动空间的意义%The Self-narrative Style Interpretation of Hui's Religious Activity Space

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白凯

    2012-01-01

    Based on emic perspective, this paper makes a subjective intentionality interpretation of the existential meaning of Hui's religious activity space by the self-narrative style method. After a complete autobiography and immersed thinking, the author holds the idea that there are some characteristics existing in Hui's religious activity space shown as follows: Firstly, homes, mosques and graveyards constitute the core of Hui's religious activity space. Secondly, for Muslim believers, homes, mosques and graveyards are not single physical space, but religious "places" which have unique significances. Thirdly, the author's memories and summaries of the religious functions and meanings of homes, mosques and graveyards illustrate that Hui's religious activity space are characterized by transformation from place to placelessness. The non-place conversion's place point is the mosque. Fourthly, "jie du wa"~a religious ceremony and religious behavior-builds bridges from space to place, from place to placelessness for Hui religious activity space. The analysis and conclusions explicate that Hui's religious activity space has the trait of transition from material religion spatial structure of place to spirit religious space structure of placelessness.%基于主位研究视角,以作者自我叙事的方式,对回族宗教活动空间的存在主义意涵进行了主体意向性解读,完整自叙和沉浸思考后作者认为,回族宗教活动空间存在以下特征:①回族宗教活动空间的核心构成为家、清真寺和坟园;②家、清真寺和坟园对回族宗教信仰者而言,不是单一的物理空间,而是具有特殊意义的宗教“地方”;③说明了回族宗教活动空间具有地方到无地方的转化特征,无地方转换的地方指向是清真寺;④“接都哇”这一宗教仪式和宗教行为构建了回族宗教活动空间从空间到地方,从地方到无地方转换的桥梁.该分析过程与结论说明了

  10. La mirada sartriana: poder y otredad en L’Être et le Néant, La Nausée y Huis clos (The Sartrean View: Power and Otherness in L’Être et le Néant, La Nausée and Huis clos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew Lloyd Smith

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available En L’Être et le Néant y La Nausée, Jean-Paul Sartre le otorga importancia a la mirada: aspecto esencial para explorar el tema existencial. Así, se analizan interrogantes y reflexiones como las siguientes: sin la mirada del otro, ¿cómo puedo saber verdaderamente que existo? Al verme y confirmar mi existencia, en ese mismo instante, la otra persona me convierte en un objeto, pues el observador es el sujeto de su mirada. Al mirar a los demás, soy también sujeto de mi mirada y convierto a los otros en objeto. El juego de la mirada es un juego de poder. La obra de teatro Huis clos también presenta el juego sartriano de poder y mirada, que será analizado en esta ponencia. Dans ses libres L’Être et le Néant et La Nausée Jean-Paul Sartre donne beaucoup d’importance au « regard ». Sartre nous dit que le regard est un aspect essentiel pour explorer le thème existentiel. Des questions et des réflexions comme les suivantes seront étudiées : sans le regard d’une autre personne, comment puis-je savoir si j’existe vraiment ? Quand une personne me regarde, elle confirme mon existence, mais en même temps elle me convertit en un objet puisque la personne qui me regarde est le sujet de son regard. Moi, quand je regarde l’autre personne je suis aussi le sujet de mon regard et je convertis l’autre personne en un objet. Ce jeu du regard est un jeu du pouvoir. La pièce de théâtre de Sartre Huis clos aussi présente ce jeu sartrien du pouvoir et du regard et sera analysée dans cette communication.

  11. In-vivo visualisation of the anatomical structures related to the acupuncture points Dai mai and Shen mai by MRI: A single-case pilot study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diemling Markus

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The concept of acupuncture point localisation in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM is based on millenary practical experience. Modern imaging methods such as PET, MRI and SPECT have been used primary for the investigation of the mechanisms of action of acupuncture. In this pilot single-case study we have evaluated the technical possibilities for in-vivo imaging of the anatomical relations of acupuncture points using state of the art MRI. Methods Preliminary experiments relating to the quality of acupuncture needles under the setting of MRI were done both with stainless steel and gold needles. In a second step, in-vivo imaging was carried out. A licensed acupuncture practitioner (RM chose two points belonging to the so-called extraordinary vessels. In 2 sequential, separate procedures, he inserted himself gold acupuncture needles using a neutral technique (known as Ping Bu Ping Xie into the Dai mai and Shen mai points, i.e. gall bladder 26 and bladder 62. Imaging was done on a Siemens Magnetom Avanto MR scanner using a head array and body coil. Mainly T1-weighted imaging sequences, as routinely used for patient exams, were used to obtain multi-slice images. Results In the preliminary experiments only acupuncture needles made of gold showed enough stability in order to be used for further imaging procedures. Using an onion and a banana as an object, further studies showed that the gold needles produced a void defect that corresponds to the tip of the inserted needle, while at the same time an artefactually increased diameter was observed. The in-vivo experiments showed that the Dai mai point was in relation to the abdominal internal oblique muscle. The Shen mai point artefact showed up close to the longus and brevis peroneal tendons at the fibular malleolus. Side effects related to heating or burning were not observed. Improved anatomical recognition was obtained using 3D-volume rendering techniques. Conclusion Through an

  12. Regional long-term model of radioactivity dispersion and fate in the Northwestern Pacific and adjacent seas: application to the Fukushima Dai-ichi accident.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maderich, V; Bezhenar, R; Heling, R; de With, G; Jung, K T; Myoung, J G; Cho, Y-K; Qiao, F; Robertson, L

    2014-05-01

    The compartment model POSEIDON-R was modified and applied to the Northwestern Pacific and adjacent seas to simulate the transport and fate of radioactivity in the period 1945-2010, and to perform a radiological assessment on the releases of radioactivity due to the Fukushima Dai-ichi accident for the period 2011-2040. The model predicts the dispersion of radioactivity in the water column and in sediments, the transfer of radionuclides throughout the marine food web, and subsequent doses to humans due to the consumption of marine products. A generic predictive dynamic food-chain model is used instead of the biological concentration factor (BCF) approach. The radionuclide uptake model for fish has as a central feature the accumulation of radionuclides in the target tissue. The three layer structure of the water column makes it possible to describe the vertical structure of radioactivity in deep waters. In total 175 compartments cover the Northwestern Pacific, the East China and Yellow Seas and the East/Japan Sea. The model was validated from (137)Cs data for the period 1945-2010. Calculated concentrations of (137)Cs in water, bottom sediments and marine organisms in the coastal compartment, before and after the accident, are in close agreement with measurements from the Japanese agencies. The agreement for water is achieved when an additional continuous flux of 3.6 TBq y(-1) is used for underground leakage of contaminated water from the Fukushima Dai-ichi NPP, during the three years following the accident. The dynamic food web model predicts that due to the delay of the transfer throughout the food web, the concentration of (137)Cs for piscivorous fishes returns to background level only in 2016. For the year 2011, the calculated individual dose rate for Fukushima Prefecture due to consumption of fishery products is 3.6 μSv y(-1). Following the Fukushima Dai-ichi accident the collective dose due to ingestion of marine products for Japan increased in 2011 by a

  13. A Numerical Method for the Estimation of Distributed Hydraulic Conductivity Using Richards Equation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cockett, R.; Haber, E.

    2013-12-01

    Characterizing groundwater flow in the vadose zone has many important and practical applications in near surface hydrogeology. The spatial estimation of the hydraulic conductivity function, which is the regulator of unsaturated groundwater flow, is an critical step in any hydrogeologic site characterization. However, this estimation is difficult and simplifications are consistently used to avert these conceptual and computational difficulties. Comprehensive time-lapse data of in situ saturations, or proxies of saturation from geophysical methods, are increasingly available. Using these large data sets appropriately, and maximizing the utility of the data to recover estimates of heterogeneous hydraulic conductivity, requires innovative numerical methods. This inverse problem has been approached in many different ways in the literature from stochastic methods to various gradient based methods. However, the way in which the computational complexity of the inverse method scales becomes important as problem size increases; as computational memory and time often become the bottleneck of solving the inverse problem when the problem is solved for heterogeneous hydraulic conductivity in two- and particularly in three-dimensions. For the inverse problem involving Richards equation, some version of a Gauss-Newton method (e.g. Levenberg-Marquardt) with a direct calculation of the sensitivity matrix is commonly used. However, while these approaches allow to deal with moderate scale problems they have one major drawback: the sensitivity matrix is a large dense matrix and its computation requires dense linear algebra and, for large scale problems, a non-trivial amount of storage. Furthermore, previous work use either numerical or automatic differentiation in order to compute the sensitivity matrix and this can generate inaccuracies in its computation and tarry convergence of the optimization algorithm. We suggest a modern numerical method that allows for the solution of the

  14. Symbols of Maturity and the Leaving of a Legacy: A Preliminary Study of the Formation of Genealogies and Families among the Hui Muslim Minority People%成熟的象征与存在的延续——回族家谱与回族家族形成初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张訸

    2011-01-01

    本文就目前所发现的回族家谱进行研究,重点考察回族家谱的特点及回族家谱的修撰与回族家族组织的建立之间的关系;分析回族家谱与其他少数民族家谱的异同之处;阐释回族家谱的文化意义与社会价值。%This paper is devoted to the research of what is currently known regarding the genealogy of the Hui . Its focus is upon the study of distinctive characteristics of the Hui genealogy along with the relationship between genealogy composition and the establishment of Hui family clans. Also, it considers the similarities and differences between Hui genealogies and those of other ethnic minorities. Lastly, the paper expounds on the cultural significance and societal value of Hui genealogies.

  15. Hui Muslims Overseas Literature in Southeast Asia: A New Branch of Chinese Overseas Literature%海外华人文学的新支:东南亚回族华人文学

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨建军

    2016-01-01

    Hui Muslims Overseas Literature in Southeast Asia is literature branch active in Singapore and Malaysia , which has not yet attracted researchers attention .From 1950s to date, it could be divided into three stages .The formation of the Hui Muslims Overseas Literature in Southeast Asia is related to the Chinese Hui Muslims ' migration and the develop-ment of the Chinese literature .Studying on it will be helpful for comprehending the relations between Chinese Overseas lit -erature and Islamic culture , which mainly covered the themes crossing with Zhenghe , female and authors ' creativeness .%东南亚回族华人文学是海外华人文学中尚未引起研究者重视的一支. 东南亚回族华人文学活跃于新加坡和马来西亚,从20世纪50年代至今,大致可分为三个发展阶段,出现了戴小华等一批作家. 东南亚回族华人文学的形成与回族华人的移民活动和东南亚华人文学的发展有关,对其进行研究,有助于学界思考东南亚华人文学与伊斯兰文化的关系. 东南亚回族华人文学的特色在于郑和题材创作、女性题材创作,以及作家创作的跨越性.

  16. Professor OUYANG Hui-qing's explorations and practice on teaching of traditional Chinese medicine%欧阳惠卿中医教学观念的探索与实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖雅琪; 罗颂平; 黄洁明; 许丽绵; 赵颖

    2013-01-01

    欧阳惠卿通过长期的教学实践,逐步形成自己的中医教学观:教育培养中医人才是教研室第一要务,课堂教学与临床带教相结合以促进医学生成长,中医临床教学不可或缺,教学中应贯穿中医文化与学术传承.她的人才观为:教师人才是团队发展的关键,是教研室建设的核心内容,是学科人才建设的基础.她的教学管理观为:教研室主任是教育培养人才的实践者,教学团队发展的担当者.%Professor OUYANG Hui-qing's gradually formed her own teaching concept of traditional Chinese medicine through long-term teaching practice:the most important teaching aim is to cultivate talents of traditional Chinese medicine.Clinical practice together with classroom teaching can promote the growing knowledge of medical students.Clinical practices are necessary and should penetrate culture and academic tradition of traditional Chinese medicine.OUYANG Hui-qing's concepts on talents are:cultivating teaching faculties is the key to the development of the teaching team,the core of construction of the teaching and research section,and the basis of construction of the discipline.OUYANG Hui-qing's management concepts are:the dean of the teaching and research section is the practitioner of personnel training practice and the undertaker of teaching team development.

  17. 试论满族和回族饮食文化对近代成都的影响%Discussion on the Effect of Manchu and Hui Nationality Diet Culture on Modern Chengdu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁刚

    2012-01-01

    晚清民国的成都是现代川菜菜系的发源地与演变中心。成都的满族和回族人口也影响到了现代川菜菜系在成都的定型、发展和走向成熟的历史进程。满族、回族等少民族饮食文化推动了近代成都饮食业的发展,从原料选取、烹饪技法、菜品制作、筵席内容等方面给现代川菜菜系以影响。生活在成都的满族、回族等少数民族的饮食习俗为成都市民的饮食生活增添了新的内容,带来了新的饮食品种,大大丰富了成都川菜中的面食、糕点、小吃的内容。%late Qing Dynasty is the origin and evolution Center of modern Sichuan cuisine in Chengdu.Manchu and the Hui nationality population in Chengdu have also affected the historical process of the shaping,development and maturity of modern Sichuan cuisine in Chengdu.Manchu,Hui national minority diet culture has promoted the development of the catering industry in Chengdu,influenced the raw materials selection,cooking techniques,food production,content and other aspects of modern Sichuan cuisine.The diet custom of Manchu,Hui minority Living in Chengdu has added new content to Chengdu people 's diet,brought new dietary variety,greatly enriched the content of the pasta,cakes,snack of Sichuan cuisine in Chengdu.

  18. 设计美学语境下徽派建筑设计的传承与创新研究%Research on Inheritance and Innovation of Hui-style Architecture in the Content of Design Aesthetics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    左铁峰; 高巍

    2016-01-01

    基于设计美学的徽派建筑设计传承与创新研究,是将徽派建筑设计作为设计美学的一个对象予以面向,探讨与解决的是设计美学语境下徽派建筑如何传承与怎样创新的问题,需求的契合与提升、基因的提炼与重构和语境的拓展与延伸等是其工作应遵循的基本原则与实施策略。如同基于其他学科与视角的探究与论证一样,这样的“解决方案”必须要与其他的“措施办法”形成有机的“合力”,方能奏效。%The design aesthetics-based inheritance and innovation research of Hui-style architecture design , regarding Hui-style archi-tecture design as an object , discusses the problems of ways of inheritance and innovation of Hui -style architecture design , considering that the fit and promotion of needs , the refinement and reconstruction of gene and the development and extension of context are the bas -ic principles and implementing strategies .The same as exploration and demonstration based on other subjects and perspectives , this“solution” must combine a “resultant force” with other “measures”.

  19. The ISS flight of Richard Garriott: a template for medicine and science investigation on future spaceflight participant missions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jennings, Richard T; Garriott, Owen K; Bogomolov, Valery V; Pochuev, Vladimir I; Morgun, Valery V; Garriott, Richard A

    2010-02-01

    A total of eight commercial spaceflight participants have launched to the International Space Station (ISS) on Soyuz vehicles. Based on an older mean age compared to career astronauts and an increased prevalence of medical conditions, spaceflight participants have provided the opportunity to learn about the effect of space travel on crewmembers with medical problems. The 12-d Soyuz TMA-13/12 ISS flight of spaceflight participant Richard Garriott included medical factors that required preflight intervention, risk mitigation strategies, and provided the opportunity for medical study on-orbit. Equally important, Mr. Garriott conducted extensive medical, scientific, and educational payload operations during the flight. These included 7 medical experiments and a total of 15 scientific projects such as protein crystal growth, Earth observations/photography, educational projects with schools, and amateur radio. The medical studies included the effect of microgravity on immune function, sleep, bone loss, corneal refractive surgery, low back pain, motion perception, and intraocular pressure. The overall mission success resulted from non-bureaucratic agility in mission planning, cooperation with investigators from NASA, ISS, International Partners, and the Korean Aerospace Research Institute, in-flight support and leadership from a team with spaceflight and Capcom experience, and overall mission support from the ISS program. This article focuses on science opportunities that suborbital and orbital spaceflight participant flights offer and suggests that the science program on Richard Garriott's flight be considered a model for future orbital and suborbital missions. The medical challenges are presented in a companion article.

  20. MODELING THE GROWTH OF Eucalyptus CLONES USING THE CHAPMAN-RICHARDS MODEL WITH DIFFERENT SYMMETRICAL ERROR DISTRIBUTIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Medeiros de Araujo Lima Filho

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5902/198050987558The objective of this work was to estimate the height growth of Eucalyptus using the Chapman-Richards model considering for the errors the distributions normal, Student t (t and Cauchy. The data set came from a hybrid of Eucalyptus urophylla x Eucalyptus tereticornis x E. pellita (controlled pollination, of the Forestry Experimental Module in the Gypsum Pole of Araripe, established in 2002. Eighty-three trees were used which heights were measured in all trees for six and half years. The fittings consisted on the estimation of the parameters of the Chapman-Richards model maximizing the log-likelihood of the error distributions using the symmetric distributions normal, t and Cauchy. For comparison of the adjusted models were used the criteria of Akaike Information Criterion (AIC and Bayesian (BIC and the mean absolute percentage error (MAPE. The model using the t distribution with 2 degrees of freedom (t2 had lower values of AIC and BIC and the model of Cauchy had lower value for MAPE. The results indicate that the model considering the t distribution for the errors presented best estimates of height growth of Eucalyptus clones in Gypsum Pole of Pernambuco.