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  1. Spatiotemporal analysis of precipitation trends during 1961-2010 in Hubei province, central China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Ranghui; Li, Cheng

    2016-04-01

    Precipitation is an important climatic parameter, and its variability severely affects regional hydrological processes and water resource management. In order to explore the changing spatial and temporal characteristics of precipitation-related indices, including precipitation amounts indices, extreme precipitation indices, and precipitation concentration indices, in Hubei province, central China during 1961-2010, several precipitation-related indices series were analyzed using the Mann-Kendall test, Pettitt test, and inverse distance weighted interpolation method in this paper. The results are as follows: (1) A clear south-north gradient is apparent in the spatial distribution of the majority of precipitation-related indices, while the distribution of other indices (i.e., CDD, PCD, and PCP) is just the opposite. Most part of Hubei province can experience mixed positive and negative trends in precipitation-related indices. (2) The majority of precipitation-related indices exhibit an increasing trend, but most of which are not significant. July has the largest positive trend, with a regional average of 14.76 mm/decade. As for extreme precipitation indices, there exist large variations in Hubei, especially in R95pTOT. Besides, no obvious trends are shown in precipitation concentration indices. (3) With the exception of consecutive dry days (CDD), most of extreme precipitation indices are strongly correlated with annual mean precipitation (AMP) in Hubei. And the extreme precipitation indices are well correlated with each other except CDD and consecutive wet days (CWD). For six precipitation-related indices (i.e., SDII, RX1day, RX5day, R95pTOT R99pTOT, and PCD), there are significant positive relationships with Northern Hemisphere Subtropical High (NHSH) but significant negative relationships with Northern Hemisphere Polar Vortex (NHPV). Furthermore, the majority of precipitation-related indices have significant negative correlations with East Asian summer monsoon

  2. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in atmospheric dustfall from the industrial corridor in Hubei Province, Central China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jiaquan; Qu, Chengkai; Qi, Shihua; Cao, Junji; Zhan, Changlin; Xing, Xinli; Xiao, Yulun; Zheng, Jingru; Xiao, Wensheng

    2015-10-01

    Thirty atmospheric dustfall samples collected from an industrial corridor in Hubei Province, central China, were analyzed for 16 USEPA priority polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) to investigate their concentrations, spatial distributions, sources, and health risks. Total PAH concentrations (ΣPAHs) ranged from 1.72 to 13.17 µg/g and averaged 4.91 µg/g. High molecular weight (4-5 rings) PAHs averaged 59.67% of the ΣPAHs. Individual PAH concentrations were not significantly correlated with total organic carbon, possibly due to the semi-continuous inputs from anthropogenic sources. Source identification studies suggest that the PAHs were mainly from motor vehicles and biomass/coal combustion. The incremental lifetime cancer risks associated with exposure to PAHs in the dustfall ranged from 10(-4) to 10(-6); these indicate potentially serious carcinogenic risks for exposed populations in the industrial corridor.

  3. Landscape Effects of Land Consolidation Projects in Central China——A Case Study of Tianmen City, Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GU Xiaokun; DAI Bing; CHEN Baiming

    2008-01-01

    The goal of land consolidation in China is still to develop agricultural production. The study of landscapeeffects of land consolidation projects (LCPs) faces many difficulties because of the lack of government's interest anddata. This paper, taking Tianmen City of Hubei Province in Central China as an example, presents a methodology foranalyzing landscape effects of LCPs by GIS and Fragstats3.3. It describes landscape effects with indexes of PatchDensity (PD), Largest Patch Index (LPI), Landscape Shape Index (LSI), Interspersion and Juxtaposition Index (IJI),Aggregation Index (AI), and Shannon's Diversity Index (SHDI), showing more regular shape, simpler structure andless habitat diversity after LCPs. It computes ten landscape indexes of four categories of patches including CultivatedLand, Road, Water Channel, and River and Pond. The indexes show that 1) cultivated land becomes more fragmentalin patch area, less irregular in patch shape and more concentrated in block; 2) the transport capacity of roads and irri-gation and drainage capacity of water channels have been improved; 3) the landscape change of river and pond can besummarized as decreasing scale, more regular shape, reducing connectivity and diversity of the class. LCPs can facili-tate agricultural production as well as protect cultivated land and food security. However, it is doubted that the increaseof cultivated land from LCPs results from the reducing in landscape diversity of water area.

  4. Landscape Analysis of Geographical Names in Hubei Province, China

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    Xixi Chen

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Hubei Province is the hub of communications in central China, which directly determines its strategic position in the country’s development. Additionally, Hubei Province is well-known for its diverse landforms, including mountains, hills, mounds and plains. This area is called “The Province of Thousand Lakes” due to the abundance of water resources. Geographical names are exclusive names given to physical or anthropogenic geographic entities at specific spatial locations and are important signs by which humans understand natural and human activities. In this study, geographic information systems (GIS technology is adopted to establish a geodatabase of geographical names with particular characteristics in Hubei Province and extract certain geomorphologic and environmental factors. We carry out landscape analysis of mountain-related geographical names and water-related geographical names respectively. In the end, we calculate the information entropy of geographical names of each county to describe the diversity and inhomogeneity of place names in Hubei province. Our study demonstrates that geographical names represent responses to the cultural landscape and physical environment. The geographical names are more interesting in specific landscapes, such as mountains and rivers.

  5. Analysis on Features of Agricultural Structure Change and Agricultural Competitiveness in Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The output data of crop farming,forestry,animal husbandry and fishery in the Hubei Statistical Yearbook-2009 is used to analyze the features of agricultural structure change in Hubei Province since 1983;according to the relevant data in Hubei Statistical Yearbook and China Statistical Yearbook in 2005 and 2009,and adopting the shift-share analysis model,the difference in agricultural economic growth between Hubei and other provinces in Central China as well as the difference among the 17 regions of Hubei Province during 2004-2008 are analyzed.Results show that,the agriculture in Hubei Province shows significant overall advantages in central China and has stronger competitiveness,but its crop farming and fishery structure are not quite reasonable,and the competitive advantages of its fishery and agricultural services still need to be strengthened;the agricultural structure within Hubei Province sees an obvious regional differences,viewed from the total deviation,Huanggang,Jingmen and Yichang enjoy competitive edge in the whole province,from the viewpoint of industrial sectors,Huanggang is the most competitive in its planting,forestry and animal husbandry,while Jingmen is the strongest in fishery and Xiangfan has a competitive edge over others in its agricultural services.Based on those results above,it is proposed that Hubei Province should fully recognize its natural conditions,resources endowment and current differences in the economic status of each places,work out measures to suit local conditions,take full use of its advantages,extend its production chain and go on the development road with regional characteristics.

  6. An Empirical Analysis of the Export Competitiveness of Agricultural Products in Hubei Province Based on Inter-provincial Comparison

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ling WANG

    2016-01-01

    With the six provinces of Central China and China’s six major provinces of exporting agricultural products as the reference objects,this paper uses revealed comparative advantage index and export growth advantage index to perform the empirical analysis and comparison on the export competitiveness of agricultural products in Hubei Province,and finally makes the corresponding policy recommendations in order to enhance the export competitiveness of agricultural products in Hubei Province.

  7. The univariate and bivariate impact of HIV/AIDS on the quality of life: a cross sectional study in the Hubei Province-Central China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mkangara, Ommari Baaliy; Wang, Chongjian; Xiang, Hao; Xu, Yihua; Nie, Shaofa; Liu, Li; Mweri, Saumu Tobbi; Bapumiia, Mustaafa; Kobelo, Theresia M; Jackson, Felicia Williams

    2009-04-01

    This study is aimed to evaluate the quality of life (QOL) for individuals living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in Hubei province-central China by using WHOQOL-BREF instrument (Chinese version). One hundred and thirty six respondents (HIV/AIDS individuals) attending out-patient department of Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (Chinese CDC) were administered a structured questionnaire developed by investigators. QOL was evaluated by using WHOQOL-BREF instrument (Chinese version). The results showed that the mean score of overall QOL on a scale of 0-100 was 25.8. The mean scores in 4 domains of QOL on a scale of 0-100 were 82.9 (social domain), 27.5 (psychological domain), 17.7 (physical domain) and 11.65 (environmental domain). The significant difference of QOL was noted in the score of physical domain between asymptomatic (14.6) and early symptomatic individuals (12) (P=0.014), and between patients with early symptoms (12) and those with AIDS (10.43) (PAIDS patients (12.4) (Pdifference in QOL scores in the psychological domain was significant with respect to the income of patients (PHIV/AIDS individuals was associated with education, occupation, income, family support and clinical categories of the patients. It was concluded that WHOQOL-BREF Chinese version was successfully used in the evaluation of QOL of HIV/AIDS individuals in Chinese population and proved to be a reliable and useful tool.

  8. Mass spectrometric U-series dating of Huanglong Cave in Hubei Province, Central China: evidence for early presence of modern humans in Eastern Asia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Guanjun; Wu, Xianzhu; Wang, Qian; Tu, Hua; Feng, Yue-xing; Zhao, Jian-xin

    2013-08-01

    Most researchers believe that anatomically modern humans (AMH) first appeared in Africa 160-190 ka ago, and would not have reached eastern Asia until ∼50 ka ago. However, the credibility of these scenarios might have been compromised by a largely inaccurate and compressed chronological framework previously established for hominin fossils found in China. Recently there has been a growing body of evidence indicating the possible presence of AMH in eastern Asia ca. 100 ka ago or even earlier. Here we report high-precision mass spectrometric U-series dating of intercalated flowstone samples from Huanglong Cave, a recently discovered Late Pleistocene hominin site in northern Hubei Province, central China. Systematic excavations there have led to the in situ discovery of seven hominin teeth and dozens of stone and bone artifacts. The U-series dates on localized thin flowstone formations bracket the hominin specimens between 81 and 101 ka, currently the most narrow time span for all AMH beyond 45 ka in China, if the assignment of the hominin teeth to modern Homo sapiens holds. Alternatively this study provides further evidence for the early presence of an AMH morphology in China, through either independent evolution of local archaic populations or their assimilation with incoming AMH. Along with recent dating results for hominin samples from Homo erectus to AMH, a new extended and continuous timeline for Chinese hominin fossils is taking shape, which warrants a reconstruction of human evolution, especially the origins of modern humans in eastern Asia.

  9. The Univariate and Bivariate Impact of HIV/AIDS on the Quality of Life:A Cross Sectional Study in the Hubei Province-Central China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ommari Baaliy MKANGARA; Chongjian WANG; Hao XIANG; Yihua XU; Shaofa NIE; Li LIU; Saumu Tobbi MWERI; Mustaafa BAPUMIIA; Theresia M KOBELO; Felicia Williams JACKSON

    2009-01-01

    This study is aimed to evaluate the quality of life (QOL) for individuals living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in Hubei province-central China by using WHOQOL-BREF instrument (Chinese version).One hundred and thirty six respondents (HIV/AIDS individuals) attending out-patient department of Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (Chinese CDC) were administered a structured questionnaire developed by investigators.QOL was evaluated by using WHOQOL-BREF instrument (Chinese version).The resuits showed that the mean score of overall QOL on a scale of 0-100 was 25.8.The mean scores in 4 domains of QOL on a scale of 0-100 were 82.9 (social domain),27.5 (psychological domain),17.7 (physical domain) and 11.65 (environmental domain).The significant difference of QOL was noted in the score of physical domain between asymptomatic (14.6) and early symptomatic individuals (12) (P=0.014),and between patients with early symptoms (12) and those with AIDS (10.43) (P<0.001).QOL in psychological domain was significantly lower in early symptomatic (12.1) (P<0.05) and AIDS patients (12.4) (P<0.006) than in asymptomatic individuals (14.2).The difference in QOL scores in the psychological domain was significant with respect to the income of patients (P<0.048) and educational status (P<0.037).Significantly better QOL scores in the physical domain (P<0.040) and environmental domain (P<0.017) were noted with respect to the occupation of the patients.Patients with family support had better QOL scores in environmental domain.In our research,QOL for HIV/AIDS individuals was associated with education,occupation,income,family support and clinical categories of the patients.It was concluded that WHOQOL-BREF Chinese version was successfully used in the evaluation of QOL of HIV/AIDS individuals in Chinese population and proved to be a reliable and useful tool.

  10. Genotype Distribution and Molecular Epidemiology of Hepatitis C Virus in Hubei, Central China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jing Peng

    Full Text Available Little is known about the molecular epidemiology of hepatitis C virus (HCV infection in Central China.A total of 570 patients from Hubei Province in central China were enrolled. These patients were tested positive for HCV antibody prior to blood transfusion. Among them, 177 were characterized by partial NS5B and/or Core-E1 sequences and classified into five subtypes: 1b, 83.0% (147/177; 2a, 13.0% (23/177; 3b, 2.3% (4/177; 6a, 1.1% (2/177; 3a, 0.6% (1/177. Analysis of genotype-associated risk factors revealed that paid blood donation and transfusion before 1997 were strongly associated with subtypes 1b and 2a, while some subtype 2a cases were also found in individuals with high risk sexual behaviors; subtypes 3b, 6a, and 3a were detected only in intravenous drug users. Phylogeographic analyses based on the coalescent datasets demonstrated that 1b, 2a, 3b, and 6a were locally epidemic in Hubei Province. Among them, subtype 1b Hubei strains may have served as the origins of this subtype in China, and 2a and 3b Hubei strains may have descended from the northwest and southwest of China, respectively, while 6a Hubei strains may have been imported from the central south and southwest.The results suggest that the migration patterns of HCV in Hubei are complex and variable among different subtypes. Implementation of mandatory HCV screening before donation has significantly decreased the incidence of transfusion-associated HCV infection since 1997. More attention should be paid to intravenous drug use and unsafe sexual contact, which may have become new risk factors for HCV infection in Hubei Province.

  11. Evaluation of Health Care System Reform in Hubei Province, China

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    This study established a set of indicators for and evaluated the effects of health care system reform in Hubei Province (China) from 2009 to 2011 with the purpose of providing guidance to policy-makers regarding health care system reform. The resulting indicators are based on the “Result Chain” logic model and include the following four domains: Inputs and Processes, Outputs, Outcomes and Impact. Health care system reform was evaluated using the weighted TOPSIS and weighted Rank Sum Ratio met...

  12. SURVEY OF AIRBORNE POLLEN IN HUBEI PROVINCE OF CHINA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guang-hui Liu; Rong-fei Zhu; Wei Zhang; Wen-jing Li; Zhong-xi Wang; Huan Chen

    2008-01-01

    Objective To study the genera and seasonal distribution of airborne pollen in Hubei province of China,and its relationship with pollinosis.Methods From November 2003 to October 2004,an airborne pollen investigation was performed in 16 chosen areas in 12 cities of Hubei province using gravity sedimentation technique.Meanwhile,univalent skin prick tests of pollens were performed and the invasion season was studied on 2 300 patients with pollinosis.Among them,352 eases underwent the airway responsiveness measurements,and the correlation between airway responsiveness and results of pollen count was analyzed.Results A total of 61 pollen genera were observed and 257 520 pollens were collected.The peak of airborne pollen distribution occurred in two seasons each year:spring (March and April) and autumn (from August to October).The attack of pollinosis corresponded to the peak of pollen distribution.There was a significantly negative relationship between the provocation dose causing a 20% decrease of forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) from baseline and airborne pollen concentration (r=-0.6829,P<0.05).Conclusion This study provides useful information for airborne pollen epidemiology of Hubei province,and it provides important insights to clinical prevention,diagnosis,and treatment of pollen-related allergic diseases.

  13. On Competitiveness of Agricultural Industrial Clusters in Hubei Province Based on GEM Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN De-gang

    2012-01-01

    Firstly, this paper summarizes concept of the agricultural industrial cluster and GEM model. Then, it analyzes the competitiveness of agricultural industrial clusters in Hubei Province from three aspects, namely, the foundation, enterprises and market. In the aspect of the foundation, Hubei Province has superior geographical location, rich natural resources, abundant human resources, diversified capital sources, and hardware and software facilities. In the aspect of enterprises, agricultural suppliers (farmers) are relatively scattered in Hubei Province, organizational level of relevant enterprises is constantly improved, and structure and strategy of enterprises are constantly innovated. In the aspect of market, the competition of agricultural products is fierce in local market, and it is difficult to explore external market. Finally, it presents countermeasures to improve the competitiveness of agricultural industrial clusters in Hubei Province, including building agricultural industrial park and cultivating key leading enterprises, strengthening innovation management, and increasing financial support.

  14. Development of County Economy in Hubei Province Based on Factor Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    According to the 2008 Statistics Bulletin of the National Economic and Social Development of Hubei Province, factor analysis method is used to study on the development of county economy in Hubei Province. Result shows that there are great differences in the economic development and the development is imbalanced. The 76 counties (cities, districts) in Hubei Province are divided into three types of F>1, 0

  15. Serological prevalence and risk factor analysis of hepatitis G virus infection in Hubei Province of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    De Ying Tian; Dao Feng Yang; Zheng Gang Zhang; Hong Bo Lei; Yuan ChengHuang; Ning Shao Xia

    2000-01-01

    Hepatitis G virus (HGV),also known as GB virus C, is a recently cloned virus which may be associated with human non A-E hepatitis[1,2] It is parenterally transmitted and usually coinfected or superinfected with hepatitis B or hepatitis C virus[3-5]. Some investigations have been reported on the seroprevalence and molecular prevalence of HGV infection in different areas and different population[6-15]. Current infection of HGV is diagnosed by detection of HGV RNA, and past infection with HGV is detectable by testing anti-HGV envelope protein (E2)[16-17]. To investigate the prevalence of HGV in Hubei Province, a central area of the People's Republic of China, ELISA and RT-PCR were employed to detect serum anti-HGV and HGV RNA in 1516 patients who were divided into 16 groups.

  16. The epidemic characteristics and changing trend of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome in Hubei Province, China.

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    Yi-Hui Zhang

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS is caused by different hantaviruses within the Bunyaviridae family. HFRS is a fulminant, infectious disease that occurs worldwide and is endemic in all 31 provinces of China. Since the first HFRS case in Hubei Province was reported in 1957, the disease has spread across the province and Hubei has become one of the seriously affected areas in China with the greatest number of reported HFRS cases in the 1980's. However, the epidemic characteristics of HFRS in Hubei are still not entirely clear and long-term, systematic investigations of this epidemic area have been very limited. METHODS: The spatiotemporal distribution of HFRS was investigated using data spanning the years 1980 to 2009. The annual HFRS incidence, fatality rate and seasonal incidence between 1980 and 2009 were calculated and plotted. GIS-based spatial analyses were conducted to detect the spatial distribution and seasonal pattern of HFRS. A spatial statistical analysis, using Kulldorff's spatial scan statistic, was performed to identify clustering of HFRS. RESULTS: A total of 104,467 HFRS cases were reported in Hubei Province between 1980 and 2009. Incidence of and mortality due to HFRS declined after the outbreak in 1980s and HFRS cases have been sporadic in recent years. The locations and scale of disease clusters have changed during the three decades. The seasonal epidemic pattern of HFRS was characterized by the shift from the unimodal type (autumn/winter peak to the bimodal type. CONCLUSIONS: Socioeconomic development has great influence on the transmission of hantaviruses to humans and new epidemic characteristics have emerged in Hubei Province. It is necessary to reinforce preventative measures against HFRS according to the newly-presented seasonal variation and to intensify these efforts especially in the urban areas of Hubei Province.

  17. An investigative report on information literacy training of individual farmers in central China and on issues related to remedial measures:A case study of farmers information literacy in a few districts of Hubei province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YU; Jiaoping; XU; Yangkui; DUAN; Yaoqing; Charles; C.Yan

    2009-01-01

    This paper introduced first a conceptual framework of"information literacy training of farmers"based on the widely recognized understanding of the term"information literacy(IL)."It then followed with a discussion based on these three authors’field investigation regarding to Hubei peasants’current information literacy training in such perspectives as information consciousness,information ability and ways and means of information access.It concluded by pointing out some of the more apparent factors that had adverse impacts on the farmers’information literacy training in central China and suggested a few possible remedial measures to guide the course for those who are involved in such undertakings.

  18. On Promoting the Construction of Model Province of National Rural Informationization in Hubei

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    Pengfei Zhang

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The construction of model province of national rural informationization, which needs more departments jointly and participants, is a systematic, socialized major project. Hubei provincial government, standing in the angle of planning the province's economic and social development as a whole, proposes the “one Yuan multi-level” development strategy and it has laid a solid foundation to make Hubei province become the construction pilot provinces of “model province of national rural informationization”. In the construction of model province of rural informationization, the open and inclusive concept is of great significance to realize national long-term goals and make the rural information service sustained and long efficient. At the same time, each department and each participation main body coordinate with each other, which realize the integration of rural information service resources and prevent rural information service from redundant and inefficient investment. Therefore, in the construction of model province of national rural informationization, Hubei province need to uphold the open and inclusive concept, further emancipate the mind, and complement each other. It should strengthen organizational leadership, complete the top planning and design, strengthen the department coordination, innovate information services operating mechanism, strengthen integration of information resources and integrated application of service platform, strengthen the system construction and examination management, strengthen the propaganda guidance, and further promote each work of model province carried out smoothly and orderly.

  19. Radiation Impact to Environment of Non-nuclear Industry in Hunan,Hubei and Jiangxi Provinces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SONG; Wei-jie; CHENG; Wei-ya

    2015-01-01

    According to the gas,liquid effluent monitoring and survey results of non nuclear industry in Hunan,Hubei and Jiangxi provinces,the radiation effects of which on the surrounding environment were analysis and evaluation.Evaluation industrials includes three coal-fired power plants,two rare earth ores,two cement factories,one

  20. Hubei, the Cradle of Chu Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1994-01-01

    HUBEI Province is also known as Chu, because from the eleventh to third century B.C., the State of Chu rose, developed and fell here. Hubei is situated in central China and covered with some thousand lakes, since the Yangtze and Hanshui Rivers join here. It has an area of 186,000 square kilometers and a population of 54.39 million. Hubei has good soil,

  1. Chukai Smelting Co.,Ltd.of Hubei Province Launched the Lead Recycling Project

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>Chukai Smelting Co.,Ltd.of Hubei Province launched its recycling project of lead-acid stor- age battery in Laohekou City in July.With an annual dealing capacity of 100,000 tons of waste lead-acid storage battery,this project is expected to contribute 60,000 tons of recycled lead,5,000 tons of recycled plastic particulates, 6,000 tons of vitriol electrolyte and 9,000 tons of sodium sulfate crystal.

  2. Factors influencing the decision to participate in medical premarital examinations in Hubei Province, Mid-China

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Peigang; Wang, Xiao; Fang, Min; VanderWeele, Tyler J.

    2013-01-01

    Background: To investigate the attitudes of premarital couples towards the premarital screening program after the abolition of compulsory screening in China and to study the factors influencing participation. Methods: Between July 1st 2010 to August 31st 2010, 650 people who registered for marriage at the civil affairs bureau of Wuhan, Suizhou, Zaoyang in Hubei province were studied using questionnaires. Logistic regression was used to examine the factors influencing participation in the prem...

  3. Factors influencing the decision to participate in medical premarital examinations in Hubei Province, Mid-China

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Peigang; Wang, Xiao; Fang, Min; Vander Weele, Tyler J

    2013-01-01

    Background To investigate the attitudes of premarital couples towards the premarital screening program after the abolition of compulsory screening in China and to study the factors influencing participation. Methods Between July 1st 2010 to August 31st 2010, 650 people who registered for marriage at the civil affairs bureau of Wuhan, Suizhou, Zaoyang in Hubei province were studied using questionnaires. Logistic regression was used to examine the factors influencing participation in the premar...

  4. Evaluation and Optimization Approaches of Rural Financial Ecological Environment in Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiaofang; ZOU

    2015-01-01

    Agriculture is the foundation of national economy,and the quality of rural financial ecological environment determines the level of rural economic development. At the same time of making outstanding achievements in rural financial reform,there are still many problems in rural financial ecological environment. Taking Hubei Province as an example,this paper summarized existing problems from current situations of rural financial ecological environment,and finally came up with pertinent recommendations.

  5. A path analysis of the cultivated land change in Hubei Province,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Hubei Province is one of the critical grain production regions in China with the quantitative cultivated land and good natural condition; it plays an important role in grain security in China. However, owing to rapid economic growth, population pressures, anthropogenic activities, and natural disasters, the quality of the cultivated land has significantly decreased in recent years and environmental resources are under increasing stress. In order to research on the mechanism of the change of the cultivated land, this paper analyzes qualitatively the influencing factors of the cultivated land change in Hubei Province from 1978 to 2004, and distinguishes the direct factors from indirect influent ones by means of the approach of the path analysis. The result shows that the area of the rent land in the total nonagricultural land, the total population growth and the fixed asset investment are the main factors deciding the change of the cultivated land. Meanwhile, the density of the transportation network, the proportion of per capita income of rural citizens to that of urban citizens, non-agricultural gross domestic production's share of the total GDP has a less direct effect but a more indirect influence on the decrease of the cultivated land in Hubei Province. The result means that while some factors have less direct influence on the change of the cultivated land, its indirect influence are significant, wce versa. Thus it's necessary to adopt a comprehensive measurement to protect the cultivated land.

  6. Study on the Variation Characteristics of Haze Weather in Hubei Province during 1980-2012

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tianxing SU; Mingfang XU; Xiang ZHOU; Zaiqiang YANG; Jijian YUAN; Haiyan ZHANG

    2015-01-01

    This paper, using the method of "the combination of 14 o ’clock relative humidity, visibility and weather phenomena" , selected haze days during 1980-2012 from 13 stations of Hubei Province, and studied years of variation characteristics of haze weather in Hubei Province. The results showed that the average annual haze days showed a fluctuant rising trend in whole from 1980 to 2012, but there were many peak value and val ey value during the whole changing process; haze days of most stations showed an increasing trend, among which the stations with less than 50 d haze days had a more obvious increasing trend, and the spatial distribution of annual mean haze days had distinct inhomogeneity. Haze days of Hubei Province presented the distribution characteristics of more in autumn and winter, and less in spring and summer, in which haze days during December-January were the most, and haze days during July -August were the least. Terrain had a big impact on lo-cal haze days, piedmont leeward zones were prone to haze days, mountainous re-gions were just the opposite. The research suggested that we should combine dif-ferent situations with different stations instead of exclusively from the mean value of multiple stations when we analyze the mean change of haze days in a broader area, to investigate the overal changing trend and the reasons.

  7. Employment Will of New Generation Migrant Workers in Hubei Province and Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    The issue concerning new generation migrant workers is an important part of current social management. How to improve employment ability of new generation migrant workers is the central part of improving living of migrant workers and development environment. Based on survey data of 6 counties in Hubei Province,I analyzed employment will and influence factors of new generation migrant workers. Researches have indicated that going out to work,employment opportunity,nature of subordinate service industry,industrial technical level,and financial support play a significant role in employment intention of migrant workers,while their employment ability is influenced by their cultural quality,professional skills, working endurance,degree of policy cognition,and information channel,etc. In view of these five aspects,I put forward following countermeasures: raise educational level,improve skills,strengthen endurance,enhance attention to policies,and expand information channel,to improve employment ability of new generation migrant workers.

  8. Research on Food Science and Technology Innovation Based on National Food Security: A Case Study of Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qingfang; YANG; Junying; WEI

    2015-01-01

    Based on the background of national food security,this paper analyzes the current situation of food production in Hubei Province that except food yields,overall production situation is not good. Through the food production,storage and circulation,this paper describes the role of food science and technology innovation in food security,and further points out the problems of food science and technology innovation system in Hubei Province,such as disconnection between food science and technology innovation research and food production as well as economic development,backward management system failing to adapt to the needs of agricultural transformation,and low conversion rate of food scientific and technological innovation. Based on this,this paper sets forth the recommendations for food security in Hubei Province.

  9. Study on Rural Economic Development Based on Factor Analysis——A Case Study of Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Taking the rural economic indicator data in 17 cities (regions) of Hubei Province in 2009 as samples, this paper establishes evaluation index system of rural economic development in Hubei Province, uses factor analysis method for analysis, and draws out four factors. The conclusion is objective and believable, which meshes with the reality well. Finally the policy suggestions and implementation measures are put forward to promote the rural economic development in Hubei Province as follows: first, promote the farmers’ income to increase continuously, and improve the living standards of farmers; second, implement the policies of benefiting farmers and making farmers powerful, and propel the resource factors to be allocated in rural areas; third, promote the level of modern agricultural equipment, and promote the transformation of agricultural development mode; fourth, coordinate and promote urban-rural reform, and speed up the improvement of rural livelihood.

  10. [Multilocus sequence typing analysis of 47 Campylobacter jejuni strains isolated from poultry in Hubei province].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong, Jun; Han, Mei; Zhou, Kang; Luo, Qingping; Shao, Huabin; Zhang, Tengfei

    2016-01-04

    To study the epidemiological and molecular characteristics of Campylobacter jejuni in poultry in Hubei province, we used multilocus sequence typing method to classify 47 local C. jejuni strains. Genomic DNA of each isolated strain was extract, seven housekeeping genes including aspA, g1nA, g1tA, glyA, pgm, tkt and uncA were amplified by PCR and sequenced, and then the sequences of genes were analyzed using MLST database. There were a total of 38 sequence types and 10 clonal complexes, and ST353 and ST464 complexes were the largest amount of the population of C. jejuni analyzed, of which 2 new allelic profile and 25 new sequence types were found. Phylogenetic tree shows that sequence types from different types of poultry and different regions were different. Forty-seven C. jejuni strains isolated from poultry in Hubei were analyzed using MLST and showed abundant genetic diversity, it will provide scientific data to the epidemiological investigation of C. jejuni in Hubei, China.

  11. Testate amoebae communities from some freshwater and soil habitats in China (Hubei and Shandong Provinces)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Anatoly BOBROV; Yuri MAZEI; Viktor CHERNYSHOV; Yingchun GONG; Weisong FENG

    2012-01-01

    Seventy-eight species and forms of testate amoebae were identified from 29 freshwater and soil habitats in three territories of China (Shandong and Hubei Provinces).Most abundant species from the genera Plagiopyxis,Centropyxis and Trinema represent the globally-distributed and eurybiont group of testate amoebae.The species richness was observed to be the lowest (7-12 species per biotope) in sandy sediments of the Yangtze River,but considerably higher (20-30 taxa) in soil environment.In the range of terrestrial habitats,the most remote communities from Laoshan Mountain in Shandong Province,China manifested the highest difference from others.On the other hand,communities originated in the most distant from industrial center places (Guifeng Mountain in Hubei Province,China) possess the most peculiar species composition including specific Gondwanian taxa (e.g.Nebela bigibbosa).In sum,the results obtained provide the evidence that the community complexity and specificity reduce in the places located within areas that are highly populated and intensively visited by humans.

  12. 1:500 Scale Aerial Triangulation Test with Unmanned Airship in Hubei Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feifei, Xie; Zongjian, Lin; Dezhu, Gui

    2014-03-01

    A new UAVS (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle System) for low altitude aerial photogrammetry is introduced for fine surveying and mapping, including the platform airship, sensor system four-combined wide-angle camera and photogrammetry software MAP-AT. It is demonstrated that this low-altitude aerial photogrammetric system meets the precision requirements of 1:500 scale aerial triangulation based on the test of this system in Hubei province, including the working condition of the airship, the quality of image data and the data processing report. This work provides a possibility for fine surveying and mapping.

  13. Determinants of Emergency Medical Services Utilization Among Acute Ischemic Stroke Patients in Hubei Province in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, Xiaoxv; Yang, Tingting; Gong, Yanhong; Zhou, Yanfeng; Li, Wenzhen; Song, Xingyue; Wang, Mengdie; Hu, Bo; Lu, Zuxun

    2016-03-01

    Emergency medical services (EMS) can effectively shorten the prehospital delay for patients with acute ischemic stroke. This study aimed to investigate EMS utilization and its associated factors in patients with acute ischemic stroke in China. A cross-sectional study was conducted from October 1, 2014, to January 31, 2015, which included 2096 patients admitted for acute ischemic stroke from 66 hospitals in Hubei province in China. A multivariable stepwise logistic regression model was undertaken to identify the factors associated with EMS utilization. Of the 2096 participants, only 323 cases (15.4%) used EMS. Those acute ischemic stroke patients who previously used EMS (odds ratio [OR] =9.8), whose National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score was ≥10 (OR=3.7), who lived in urban communities (OR=2.5), who had sudden onset of symptoms (OR=2.4), who experienced their first stroke (OR=1.8), and who recognized initial symptom as stroke (OR=1.4) were more likely to use EMS. Additionally, when acute ischemic stroke patients' stroke symptom were noticed first by others (OR=2.1), rather than by the patients, EMS was more likely to be used. A very low proportion of patients with acute ischemic stroke used the EMS in Hubei province in China. Considerable education programs are required regarding knowledge of potential symptoms and the importance of EMS for stroke. © 2016 American Heart Association, Inc.

  14. SWOT Analysis of Industrial Development of Double-low Rapeseed in Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Based on SWOT analysis method,this paper conducts analysis on the industrial development environment of double-low rapeseed in Hubei Province from the following four aspects,in order to crystallize its resources advantage and disadvantage and make it know the opportunities and challenges that it is faced by.First,advantage analysis:excellent geographic conditions,vigorous government support,powerful scientific research force,sound industrial system support;second,disadvantage analysis:poor quality,low-level fine and deep processing,scant publicity and promotion,lagged infrastructure conditions,shortage of effective market access mechanism and sound industry regulation,no brand effect;opportunity analysis:the opportunities brought by low-carbon economy,the opportunities brought by consumers’ preference,the opportunities brought by policy environment,the opportunities brought by establishment of strategic union;threat analysis:fierce external competition,continuous decline of comparative benefit.The results of research show that in order to promote industrial development of double-low rapeseed in Hubei Province,we should implement brand effect strategy,quality management strategy and strategy of deepening industrial system,give full play to existing geographic advantage and other advantages,grasp scarce opportunities and actively confront challenges.

  15. Large selenium isotopic variations and its implication in the Yutangba Se deposit, Hubei Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The selenium isotopic ratios have been measured in the Yutangba Se deposit, Hubei Province, China. The results show that the δ82/76SeNIST values vary from -12.77‰ to 4.93‰, which is the largest Se isotopic variation found so far in natural terrestrial samples. The sample Ytb-5 of high-selenium carbonaceous shale has the lightest Se isotopic composition with a δ82/76SeNIST value of -12.77‰. On the basis of variations of Se isotope in the deposit along with other geological and geochemical evidence, the "redox model" is suggested to favor the explanation of the occurrence of native Se in the deposit. The application to the Yutangba Se deposit with the discovery of large Se isotopic fractionation for natural samples indicates the potential of Se isotope as a new geochemical tracer.

  16. Factors influencing the decision to participate in medical premarital examinations in Hubei Province, Mid-China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Peigang; Wang, Xiao; Fang, Min; Vander Weele, Tyler J

    2013-03-11

    To investigate the attitudes of premarital couples towards the premarital screening program after the abolition of compulsory screening in China and to study the factors influencing participation. Between July 1st 2010 to August 31st 2010, 650 people who registered for marriage at the civil affairs bureau of Wuhan, Suizhou, Zaoyang in Hubei province were studied using questionnaires. Logistic regression was used to examine the factors influencing participation in the premarital screening program. The premarital screening rate was 34.8% (95% Confidence Interval: 31.0% to 38.5%). Several demographic factors (age, residence, profession), awareness, knowledge, and attitudes towards premarital screening all had significant influence on participation in the premarital screening program. Promotion activities and health education to improve knowledge and attitudes to premarital screening will help increase the rate of voluntary premarital screening.

  17. The Path Analysis and Its Application Study on Cultivated Land Change in Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Chunhua; Li Ning; Shi Peijun

    2007-01-01

    On the basis of introducing the principle of path analysis, this paper positively analyzes the influence factors of cultivated land change from 1978 to 2002 in Hubei Province. The relationship between the influence factors and cultivated land change is studied by means of the path analysis. The results show that the construction rearrangement of agriculture, grain security and market mechanism are the main factors that decide the cultivated land change. Meanwhile, the impact of investment, urbanization and benefit gap among the different utilizing ways also leads to the change of cultivated land. The result means that though some factors have less direct influence on the change of cultivated land, their indirect influence is significant or vice versa.

  18. First survey of parasitic helminths of goats along the Han River in Hubei Province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Xin; Gasser, Robin B; Fang, Rui; Zeng, Jinrong; Zhu, Kaixiang; Qi, Mingwei; Zhang, Zongze; Tan, Li; Lei, Weiqiang; Zhou, Yanqin; Zhao, Junlong; Hu, Min

    2016-09-01

    Diseases caused by parasitic helminths cause considerable production and economic losses in livestock worldwide. Understanding the epidemiology of these parasites has important implications for controlling them. The main purpose of the present study was to estimate the prevalence of key parasitic helminths in goats along the Han River in Zhanggang, Hubei Province (from January to December 2014). We used faecal flotation and sedimentation techniques as well as PCR-based DNA sequencing to detect and identify helminths. Results showed that the prevalence of helminths was high throughout the year, particularly for gastrointestinal nematodes. These first findings provide useful baseline information for goat helminths in Zhanggang, and a starting point for the implementation of control programs. With an increased expansion of the goat industry in China, the findings also emphasise the need to undertake prevalence surveys in other regions of China where extensive farming practices are used.

  19. 湖北省耕地生态环境时空分异%Spatial-temporal Differentiation of Arable Land Ecological Environment in Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    淡永利; 王宏志; 杜兰; 周勇

    2014-01-01

    Based on the ecological footprint model and dynamic characteristics, the ecological footprint, ecological carrying capacity and ecological deficits of arable land in Hubei province (1991-2011) were analysed. Spatial variation regulars of ecological footprint of arable land in Hubei province (17 cities) in 2011 were stedied using the ARCGIS software. Pased on ecological sustainable index (ESI), utilization status of cropland in Hubei province was evaluated. The results showed that ecological footprint per capita of cropland in Hubei province was increasing, but ecological carrying capacity decreased every year. The ecological deficits of cropland showed a trend of fluctuating increase, indicating that the cropland of Hubei province belonged to the weak type of unsustainable. The spatial variation of sustainable situation of ecological footprint of cropland in Hubei province on both ends of the east and west are better than that of central region. The ecological surplus of Shennongjia forest region and Enshi autonomous prefecture were 0.289 hm2 and 0.096 hm2 per capita, belonging to the type of strong sustainable and the weak sustainable. Western Yichang and Shiyan, and eastern Yellowstone and Xianning are better. The ecological deficits of Jingmen, Tianmen and Xiantao in the central region was the biggest with 0.652 ,0.492 and 0.492 (hm2 per person). Jingmen and Xiantao were strongly unsustainable. The ecological footprint model has a relatively wide range of application in analyzing and evaluating the utilization status of cropland.%基于生态足迹模型分析了湖北省1991-2011年耕地生态足迹、生态承载力及生态赤字,并且使用ArcGIS软件分析了2011年湖北省17个市(州)耕地生态足迹的空间分异规律,在此基础上,基于生态可持续指数(ESI)对湖北省耕地利用状况进行了评价。结果表明,湖北省耕地生态足迹不断增加,而生态承载力逐年下降,耕地的生态赤字呈波动增大趋

  20. Resources of Reptiles in Hubei Province%湖北省爬行动物资源概况

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴琦; 刘绪生; 周权; 戴宗兴

    2011-01-01

    We reviewed the species composition and abundance, fauna, geographical distribution and conservation situation of reptiles occurred in Hubei by studying literature published in the recent 20 years. A total of 78 species of reptile was listed under 44 genera, 12 families and 2 orders. Most of them are distributed in southwest (57 species,73. 1% ) .northwest (47 species,60. 3% ) and southeast (43 species,55. 1% ) parts of Hubei. A total of 62 (79. 5% ) of them are oriental realm species,8 (10. 3% ) palearctic realm species and 8 (10. 3% ) widespread species, respectively. Within the oriental realm species, 36 (58. 1% ) of them are originated in the central and south area of China, IS (24.2% ) species are originated in the central area of China, and 11 (17. 7% ) species are originated in the southeast area of China. A total of 25 species (32. 1 % ) are listed in the "China Species Red List" , and 16 species (20. 5% ) are list as protected species in Hubei. The reptiles in Hubei Province are non-random distribution and the fauna of reptile is dominated by oriental realm species and most of them are listed as protected species.%摘要:为了搞清湖北省爬行动物资源概况,通过总结文献资料,并结合作者等最近20余年积累的调查资料,从区系特点、地理分布、评估等级、资源量及保护对策等方面总结了湖北省爬行动物的资源概况。结果显示,湖北省现有爬行动物2目12科44属78种,主要分布在鄂西南(57种,占73.1%)、鄂西北(47种,占60.3%)和鄂东南(43种,占55.1%)地区。东洋界种62种,占79.5%,古北界种8种,占10. 3%,广布种8种,占10. 3%。东洋界种中,华中华南区成分36种,占58.1%;华中区成分15种,占24. 2%;西南区成分11种,占17. 7%。列入《中国物种红色名录》25种,占32. 1%;省级重点保护动物16种,占20.5%。湖北省爬行动物资源具有以东洋界华中华南区种类为

  1. [Assessment of soil nutrient status in urban green space of main cities in Hubei Province, China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Zhi-guo; Zhang, Guo-Shi; Liu, Yi; Wan, Kai-Yuan; Zhang, Run-Hua; Chen, Fang

    2013-08-01

    According to the topography of the cities in Hubei Province, soil samples were collected from the urban green space in two mountainous cities (Enshi and Shiyan), three hilly cities (Jing-men, Xiangfan and Yichang), and five plain cities (Wuhan, Xiaogan, Xianning, Jingzhou, Suizhou and Huangshi). Within each city, subsoil samples were taken in accordance with four different types of land use, including park, residential, institutional (school, hospital and government, etc.), and roadside. In the main cities in Hubei, the soil pH of urban green space was averagely 7.9, being obviously higher than that of natural soils, while the soil organic matter content was rather low (6.8 g x kg(-1)). The soil available N and P contents were at a low level, while the soil available trace element (Ca, Mg, S, Fe, Cu, Mn, Zn and B) contents were moderate. Land use type had significant effects on the soil nutrient contents in plain cities. The soil pH in the residential green space was significantly higher than that in the park, roadside and institutional green space, while the contents of soil available trace elements (S, Cu, Mn and Zn) in roadside green space were significantly higher than those of green space in the other land use types. Park green space had the lowest soil nutrient contents. There existed significant differences in the soil nutrient contents among the cities with different topography. The soil organic matter, NH4-N, available K and P, and Ca, Mg, S, Fe, Cu and Mn contents were significantly higher in plain cities than in mountainous cities.

  2. Full-length clone and characterization of a human immunodeficiency virus type 1 subtype B' isolated from Hubei Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TAN Jian-xin; KANG Xian-jiang; ZHANG Wei; LIU Ping-ping; TONG Xiao; YANG Rong-ge

    2007-01-01

    @@ There are two types of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV): HIV-1 and HIV-2. HIV-1 dominates epidemics in many different parts of the world, and HIV-2 is principally responsible for the epidemic in western Africa. In China, Zeng et al1 have reported the first individual infected with HIV-1 in 1985. And in the 1990s,there was a severe epidemic involving the HIV-1 B' strain among people who sold blood and plasma in Henan,Hubei and adjacent provinces.2 To further study in HIV/AIDS vaccines and HIV-1 drug resistance for people in these regions, we need to construct an infectious HIV-1 B' molecular clone which is representative of the virus in these areas.3 To this end, we have isolated a HIV-1 B' virus from a child who was infected with HIV-1 from his mother in Hubei province, and have constructed a full-length clone from this genome.

  3. Sudden Unexplained Nocturnal Death Syndrome in Central China (Hubei)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Zhenglian; Mu, Jiao; Chen, Xinshan; Dong, Hongmei

    2016-01-01

    Abstract A retrospective study was conducted at Tongji Forensic Medical Center in Hubei (TFMCH) from 1999 to 2014. Forty-nine cases of sudden unexplained nocturnal death syndrome (SUNDS) were collected. The SUNDS rate was 1.0% in the total number of cases, in which an incidence was fluctuating over the years. Interestingly, April and January, and 3:00 to 6:00 am were the peak months and times of death. Among the decedents, farmers and migrant workers accounted for 67.3%. The syndrome predominantly attacked males in their 30s. One victim had sinus tachycardia. Thirteen victims (26.5%) were witnessed and had abnormal symptoms near death. Macroscopically, compared to sudden noncardiac deaths, the weights of brain, heart, and lungs had no statistical difference in SUNDS. Microscopically, the incidence of lung edema (45 cases, 91.8%) was significantly higher in SUNDS group than in the control group (27 cases, 55.1%). 82.9% of 35 SUNDS cases examined displayed minor histological anomalies of the cardiac conduction system (CCS), including mild or moderate fatty, fibrous or fibrofatty tissue replacement, insignificant stenosis of node artery, and punctate hemorrhage in the node area. These findings suggested that minor CCS abnormalities might be the substrates for some SUNDS deaths. Therefore, SUNDS victims might suffer ventricular fibrillation and acute cardiopulmonary failure before death. Further in-depth studies are needed to unveil the underlying mechanisms of SUNDS. PMID:26945374

  4. Pathotype Structure of Magnaporthe grisea in the Fields of Chongyang and Yuan'an in Hubei Province,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Xiao-lin; ZHANG Shu; LU Liang; CHANG Xiang-qian; YUAN Bing; YU Da-zhao

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] This study aimed to explore the pathotype structure of Magnaporthe grisea in Chongyang and Yuan'an in Hubei Province,China.[Method] From the rice-growing fields of Chongyang and Yuan'an in Hubei Province where rice blast occurs frequently,60 isolates which were pathotyped against two sets of host differentials:Chinese host differentials and CO39 NILs,were obtained.Then,20 pathotypes with the six indica host differentials(CO39 NILs) were observed,while 13 pathotypes in four race groups were observed out of the same single spore isolates with Chinese host differentials which consists of three indica cultivars and four japonica cultivars.The diversity of the pathotypes of M.grisea populations tested by CO39 NILs was 2.54 and the pathotype 137.1 occurred at predominantly high frequency(21.67%).The diversity of physiological races of M.grisea populations tested by Chinese host differentials was 1.22 and the race group ZA occurred at predominantly high frequency(73.33%).The diversity of physiological races of M.grisea in Chongyang and Yuan'an were also calculated.Overall,the diversity of pathotypes of M.grisea in Yuan'an was higher than that in Chongyang with the two sets of the host differentials.[Conclusion] This study provided current information on the pathotype spectrum of M.grisea populations in the rice fields of Hubei Province to allow the formulation of viable strategies for blast resistance breeding programs in Hubei Province.

  5. Research on Diageneses of Cambrian Shoal Facies Carbonate Rocks in the Xiadong Area, Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张秀莲; 蒋凌志

    2001-01-01

    With continuous outcrops, developed shoal facies rocks, complete types of diagenesis and changeable diagenetic environments, Cambrian strata are well developed in the Xiadong area, Yichang, Hubei Province. Under the combined influence of numerous diageneses, secondary pores can be formed, which result in better reservoir properties of the rock strata. The Cambrian rocks in this area consist of mainly carbonate rocks and secondarily detrital rocks. The carbonate rocks are dominated by grainstones including wormkalk, calcirudite-calcarenite, oolitic limestone and oncolitic limestone. Graded bedding and cross bedding are well developed in the strata, which indicates that the formation environment is of a high-energy shoal facies. In this area, there has developed a sequence of stable Cambrian platform carbonate deposition. The evolution trend is as follows: open sea shelf facies? intertidal low-energy restricted sea facies? intertidal high-energy shoal facies? coastal shoal facies? evaporite tidal-flat facies. The diageneses that the strata have experienced mainly include dolomitization, dedolomitization and dissolution, which are constructive diageneses for the formation of secondary pores, such as intercrystal pores, intercrystal solution pores, gypsum mold pores and caverns of dolomite. The diagenetic facies intervals can be divided into the unitary and the compound ones, totalling 22 in the area. In the early atmospheric fresh-water diagenetic environment and the late epidiagenetic environment, Cambrian rocks, especially dolomite of the Middle and Upper Cambrian, experienced extensive and profound fresh water corrosion, forming pore intervals with a porosity ranging from 5% to 15%.

  6. Relationship between archaeological sites distribution and environment from 1.15 Ma BP to 278 BCin Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Lan; WU Li; ZHU Cheng; LI Feng; MA Chunmei

    2011-01-01

    A total of 1362 archaeological sites from the Paleolithic Age to the Warring States time in Hubei Province increase gradually from west to east and from high land to low land.The number of Paleolithic sites with altitude of 50-500 m account for 78% of the whole,while 71%-95% of sites from the Neolithic Age to the Warring States time mainly distribute at the areas of 0-200 m.The temporal-spatial distribution of archeological sites in this area is affected by two factors.For one thing,the human beings of every period need to choose the first or the second terrace as living sites which are near water source and are easy to withstand flood.Additionally,affecting by the regional tectonic uplift since the Holocene,down cutting of rivers can form new river valley,and lateral erosion and accumulation of river in stable time of tectonic movement can result in increasing of many new terraces.So,the human beings migrated to adapt to the change of terrace location,leading to the sites increase gradually in the lower areas of the central and eastern parts of this province.For other things,the temporal-spatial distribution of archeological sites in this area is affected by the climate condition.The Paleolithic sites mostly distribute in the Hanshui River Valley in northeastern Shiyan,southeast of Jinzhou and east of Jinmen,which is because rivers distributed in higher areas in this period.During the Chengbeixi Culture period,the sites are rare in the quondam Paleolithic sites distribution area,but increase obviously along the Yangtze River near the southwest Yichang.The spore-pollen record of Dajiuhu Basin indicates that only 23 Chengbeixi cultural sites may be related to more precipitation and flood during the Holocene wet and hot period.The Daxi Culture,Qujialing Culture and Shijiahe Culture are corresponding to middle and top of the Dajiuhu spore-pollen Zone Ⅳ,during which the climate is in order as a whole and is propitious to agricultural development.In the Qujialing

  7. Comparative Study on the Human Driving Force of Cultivated Land and Construction Land Use Change in Hubei Province,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Change trend of cultivated land and construction land in Hubei Province is analyzed.The years 1998-2003 are the reduction period of cultivated land;the years 2004-2007 are the increase period of cultivated land;the years 1988-2002 are the slow growth period of construction land;and the years of 2003 and 2007 are the increase period of construction land.Based on related social economic statistical data in 1988-2007,human driving forces on cultivated land and construction land in Hubei Province are analyzed quantitatively and comparatively by using SPSS software and mathematical statistics method.Result shows that driving force factors have negative driving effect on cultivated land,and positive driving effect on construction land.Driving force factors have significant differences of driving effects on cultivated land and construction land.Three principal components affecting the changes of cultivated land and construction land are policy,population and economic development level,and gap between urban and rural living standards.The three principal components have different degrees of sensitivity on the two land use types and the effects direction are reverse.The other factor driving abilities are relatively weak,and these factors have relatively stronger driving force on construction land than that on cultivated land.It is put forward that Hubei Province should implement rational allocation of land resources and scientific and rational use in order to ensure land security and to realize the sustainable development of regional economy and society based on the intensive land use,the planning policy constraints,and the agricultural and industrial production.

  8. Huanglong Cave, a new late Pleistocene hominid site in Hubei Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WU Xianzhu; LIU Wu; GAO Xing; YIN Gongming

    2006-01-01

    For the past 20 years the modern human origins debate has received a significant amount of attention in paleoanthropological research. Primarily supported by the evidence of earlier dates of anatomically modern human fossils and genetic studies, the "Out of Africa" hypothesis is based on the belief that the ancestor of all modern humans, including modern Chinese, came from Africa. The opposite hypothesis "Mutiregional evolution" proposes that continuous evolution occurred on a regional scale, for which human paleontology offers strong support. However, due to the paucity of hominid fossils in China between 100 and 50 ka, support to the latter hypothesis is currently weak. This is a report here of five human fossil teeth, and associated stone tools and mammal fossils from a newly discovered cave site, Huanglong Cave, located in Yunxi County,Hubei Province, China. Preliminary studies indicate:(1) the morphological features of the human fossils resemble those of late Pleistocene human fossils from China; (2) the stone tools display patterns of both the southern and northern Paleolithic cultures of China; (3) the mammal fossils represent the "Ailuropoda-Stegodon" faunal unit which lived in southern China throughout the Pleistocene. ESR and U-series dating on animal teeth and a stalagmite derived from the same layer as the human teeth indicate two possible ages: 103±1.6 ka and 44±12.5 ka. In addition to other evidence presented here, it is believed that hominid occupation of the cave was likely around 100 ka. If this age is further substantiated, Huanglong Cave will be the first late Pleistocene hominid fossil site in China where anatomically modern humans lived about 100 ka. The human fossils and other related materials from Huanglong Cave will provide important information for research on the origin of modern Chinese.

  9. Evidence of fire use of late Pleistocene humans from the Huanglong Cave, Hubei Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Wu; WU XianZhu; LI YiYin; DENG ChengLong; WU XiuJie; PEI ShuWen

    2009-01-01

    Since 2004, three excavations have been carried out at a late Pleistocene human fossil site of Huan-glong Cave in Yunxi County, Hubei Province of China, which unearthed seven human teeth, dozens of stone tools, mammal fossils and other evidence indicating human activities. During the third excava-tion in 2006, in the same layer as the human teeth, we found some patches of black materials embed-ded in the deposit. We doubted that this black deposit layer is the remains of burning or even human use of fire at the cave. To further explore the possibility of human fire use at the Huanglong Cave, we examined samples directly taken from the black deposit layer and compared them with samples taken from several places in the cave using three methods: micromorphology, element content determination and deposit temperature analysis. Our results indicate that the contents of carbon element in the black deposit reach 64.59%-73.29%. In contrast, contents of carbon element of the comparative samples from other parts in the cave are only 5.82%-9.49%. The micromorphology analysis of the black de-posit samples reveals a plant structure like axial parenchyma, fibrocyte, uniseriate ray and vessel.High-temperature magnetic susceptibility measurements suggest that the stratum possibly underwent a high temperature in the nature. Based on these lab analyses, we are sure that the black layer in the Huanglong Cave is the remains of fire and combustion did occur in the cave 100000 years ago. Taking other evidence of human activities found in the Huanglong Cave into consideration, we believe that the evidence of fire from the Huanglong Cave was caused by the human activities of controlled use of fire.

  10. Uppermost Permian to Lower Triassic Conodont Zonation from Enshi area, western Hubei Province, South China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyu, Z.; Zhao, L.; Chen, Z. Q.; Ma, D.; Yan, P.; Zhan, P.

    2015-12-01

    The Permian-Triassic transition witnessed the largest biotic turnover of Earth life during the Phanerozoic history. Ecosystems in sea and on land have also experienced the most protected restoration following the end-Permian mass extinction. These biocrises were also associated with climatic and environmental extremes through the latest Permian to Middle Triassic. In order to uncover the links among these extreme events, we need to establish high-resolution biochronostratigraphy, which offers precise timescales for reconstructing event sequences and probing the possible causes. Of these, conodont biostratigraphy is an operational tool in enhancing stratigraphic resolution. Although their ancestors and phylogeny remain unclear, conodonts are a rapid evolutionary lineage and extremely abundant in the Triassic marine carbonate successions. Here, we present recent study results of the Lower Triassic conodont zonation from the Ganxi and Jianshi areas, western Hubei Province, South China, which were situated on a carbonate ramp at the southern northern margin of the Upper Yangtze Platform. Therein, the uppermost Permian to Lower Triassic successions are well exposed and yield abundant conodonts. A total of nine conodont zones was established: (1) Clarkina yini-Clarkina zhangi Zone, (2) Hindeodus changxingensis Zone, (3) Hindeodus parvus Zone, (4) Isarcicella staeschei Zone, (5) Clarkina planata Zone, (6) Neoclarkina discrete Zone, (7) Neospathodus dieneri Zone, (8) Novispathodus waageni Zone, and (9) Triassospathodus homeri Zone. The Ns. dieneri M1, Ns. dieneri M2 and Ns. dieneri M3 subzones have also been distinguished from the Ns. dieneri Zone. Both Nv. waageni eowaageni subzones and Nv. waageni waageni subzones are also recognizable from the Nv. waageni Zone. The first occurrence of H. parvus marks the Permian-Triassic boundary(PTB), while the first occurrence of Nv. waageni eowaageni defines the Induan-Olenekian boundary. These conodont zones correlate well with

  11. Palladium, Platinum and Gold Concentrations in Fengshan Porphyry Cu-Mo Deposit, Hubei Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Minfang; DENG Xiaodong; BI Shijian; LI Zhanke

    2009-01-01

    The Fengshan porphyry-skarn copper-molybdenum (Cu-Mo) deposit is located in the south-eastern Hubei Province in east China. Cu-Mo mineralization is hosted in the Fengshan granodiorite porphyry stock that intruded the Triassic Daye Formation carbonate rocks in the early Cretaceous (~140 Ma), as well as the contact zone between granodiorite porphyry stock and carbonate rocks, forming the porphyry-type and skarn-type association. The Fengshan granodiorite stock and the immediate country rocks are strongly fractured and intensely altered by hydrothermal fluids. In addition to intense skarn alteration, the prominent alteration types are potassic, phyllic, and propylitic, whereas argillation is less common. Mineralization occurs as veins, stock works, and disseminations, and the main ore minerals are chalcopyrite, pyrite, molybdenite, bornite, and magnetite. The contents of palladium, platinum and gold (Pd, Pt and Au) are determined in nine samples from fresh and mineralized granodiorite and different types of altered rocks. The results show that the Pd content is systematically higher than Pt, which is typical for porphyry ore deposits worldwide. The Pt content ranges from 0.037 tul.765 ppb, and the Pd content ranges between 0.165and 17.979 ppb. Pd and Pt are more concentrated in porphyry mineralization than skarn mineralization, and have negative correlations with Au. The reconnaissance study presented here confirms the existence of Pd and Pt in the Fengshan porphyry-skarn Cu-Mo deposit. When compared with intracontinent and island arc geotectonic settings, the Pd, Pt, and Au contents in the Fengshan porphyry Cu-Mo deposit in the intracontinent is lower than the continental margin types and island are types. A combination of available data indicates that Pd and Pt were derived from oxidized alkaline magmas generated by the partial melting of an enriched mantle source.

  12. An Empirical Study of the Allocation Efficiency of Rural Financial Resources in Hubei Province from the Perspective of Agricultural Loans

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiaofang; ZOU; Xueqin; JIANG

    2014-01-01

    The incompatibility of China’s economy and finance has to some extent inhibited the development of rural economy. Taking Hubei Province for example,we measure the allocation efficiency of rural financial resources from the perspective of agricultural input and output,and use the modern rural financial development theory to set forth some policy recommendations on how to build a new rural financial resource allocation system. Studies have shown that the allocation efficiency of rural financial resources is low in China,and improving the allocation efficiency of rural financial resources is the key to perfecting rural financial environment while increasing financial support for agriculture.

  13. Spatiotemporal Variability of Carbon Flux from Different Land Use and Land Cover Changes: A Case Study in Hubei Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Gao

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Carbon sources and sinks as a result of land use and land cover changes (LUCC are significant for global climate change. This paper aims to identify and analyze the temporal and spatial changes of land use-based carbon emission in the Hubei Province in China. We use a carbon emission coefficient to calculate carbon emissions in different land use patterns in Hubei Province from 1998 to 2009. The results indicate that regional land use is facing tremendous pressure from rapid carbon emission growth. Source:sink ratios and average carbon emission intensity values of urban land are increasing, while slow-growing carbon sinks fail to offset the rapidly expanding carbon sources. Overall, urban land carbon emissions have a strong correlation with the total carbon emissions, and will continue to increase in the future mainly due to the surge of industrialization and urbanization. Furthermore, carbon emission in regions with more developed industrial structures is much higher than in regions with less advanced industrial structures. Lastly, carbon emission per unit of GDP has declined since 2004, indicating that a series of reform measures i.e., economic growth mode transformation and land-use structure optimization, has initiated the process of carbon emission reduction.

  14. Explore How to Improve men's Gymnastics in Hubei Province%湖北男子体操走出低谷初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜旻; 宋小龙

    2012-01-01

    Objective: to explore how to improve men's gymnastics in Hubei Province as soon as possible. Method : to analyze the characteristics of the development of Hubei gymnastics by the ancient and modern literature, and comparison of the domestic industry. Results and conclusions: It is potential to improve the men gymnastics in Hubei Province.%目的:探讨湖北男子体操如何能尽快的走出低谷。方法:通过古今文献以及国内同行业的比较,分析湖北体操的发展特点。结果:湖北男子体操具备崛起的条件。

  15. Distribution of Hepatitis B Virus Genotypes and Its Clinical Significance in Hubei Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TONG Qiaoxia; WU Yanyan; LUO Duande

    2007-01-01

    The distribution of hepatitis B virus genotype in Hubei province and its clinical significance were investigated. HBV genotypes of 276 patients were detected by PCR-microplate sandwich hybrization-ELISA technique. The level of HBV DNA was detected by using PCR-fluorescence quantification test. Among 276 patients, there were 78 cases of HBV asymptomatic carriers, 110 cases of chronic hepatitis B (CHB), 62 cases of severe hepatitis (SH) or liver cirrhosis (LC) and 26 cases of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The genotypes of HBV included C, B, mixtures (B+C, B+D, C+D) and D, accounting for 55.8%, 25.4%, 16.7% and 2.1% respectively. The average level of HBV DNA in genotypes C, B, mixtures and D was 1.20×106, 7.81×104, 3.26×105 and 5.01×104 copies/mL respectively. The ratio of SH, LC and HCC in genotype B, C and mixtures was 20%, 30% and 48% respectively. Statistical analysis revealed the percentage of genotype mixtures infection was significantly higher than that of genotype B infection. There was no significant difference in the percentage between genotype B and genotype C or between genotype C and mixtures. The distribution of genotype B, C and mixtures in SH, LC and HCC was significantly different. The frequency of HCC was zero in patients with co-infection. Genotype D was only related with SH and LC. The increased ALT could be converted to categorical grades of severity. From mild, moderate to severity,the prevalence of genotype C showed an opposite trend, although no statistically significant difference was observed. The HBeAg positive rate was higher in patients with genotype C infection than in those with genotype B, especially in the patients whose ages were from 31 to 40 years old. Compared with genotype B, genotype C showed a higher HBeAg positive rate in patients with SH and LC. The percentage of SH, LC and HCC was higher in patients with genotype C and mixtures infection. On the contrary, the percentage of genotype B was lower. The HBeAg positive rate

  16. Construction of Chaihu Selenium Industrial Demonstration Area in Zhongxiang City of Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guangzhong; DAI

    2014-01-01

    In order to develop selenium industry in Jianghan Basin,Hubei Provincial Party Committee decided to build Chaihu selenium industrial demonstration area in Zhongxiang City.This paper introduced general situation of Chaihu Town,analyzed countermeasures for construction of selenium industrial demonstration area in depth,and finally came up with 12 constructive and pertinent recommendations.

  17. Spatio-Temporal Pattern and Influencing Factors of Hemorrhagic Fever with Renal Syndrome (HFRS) in Hubei Province (China) between 2005 and 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ge, Liang; Zhao, Youlin; Zhou, Kui; Mu, Xiangming; Yu, Haibo; Wang, Yongfeng; Wang, Ning; Fan, Hong; Guo, Liqiang; Huo, XiXiang

    2016-01-01

    Hemorrhagic Fever with Renal Syndrome (HFRS) is considered as a globally distributed infectious disease, which results in many deaths annually in Hubei Province, China. The outbreak of HFRS is usually characterized with spatio-temporal heterogeneity and is seasonally distributed. Further, it might also be impacted by the influencing factors such as socio-economic and geographical environment. To better understand and predict the outbreak of HFRS in the Hubei Province, the spatio-temporal pattern and influencing factors were investigated in this study. Moran’s I Index value was adopted in spatial global autocorrelation analysis to identify the overall spatio-temporal pattern of HFRS outbreak. Kulldorff scan statistical analysis was performed to further identify the changing trends of the clustering patterns of HFRS outbreak. Spearman's rank correlation analysis was used to explore the possible influencing factors on HFRS epidemics such as climate and geographic. The results demonstrated that HFRS outbreak in Hubei Province decreased from 2005 to 2012 in general while increasing slightly from 2012 to 2014. The spatial and temporal scan statistical analysis indicated that HFRS epidemic was temporally clustered in summer and autumn from 2005 to 2014 except 2008 and 2011. The seasonal epidemic pattern of HFRS in Hubei Province was characterized by a bimodal pattern (March to May and September to November) while peaks often occurring in the spring time. SEOV-type HFRS was presumed to influence more on the total number of HFRS incidence than HTNV-type HFRS do. The average humidity and human population density were the main influencing factors during these years. HFRS outbreaks were more in plains than in other areas of Hubei Province. We did not find that whether the terrain of the wetland (water system) plays a significant role in the outbreak of HFRS incidence. With a better understanding of rodent infection rate, socio-economic status and ecological environment

  18. 湖北省竞技游泳可持续发展研究%Sustainable Development of Competitive Swimming in Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴迪

    2012-01-01

    With the research methods of literature study and questionaire investigation,the paper researches and analyses the present situation of competitive swimming in Hubei province,advantage project's research and human resources reserve and points out the restraining factors which influences the sustainable development of the competitive swimming in Hubei province so as to optimize the reserve players as the center,strengthen teaching staff and imporve the system of sports training and education integration.All above have a crucial practical significance for expansing Hubei province competitive sport strategy in winning the gold medals in national games,improving the overall sport level of competitive swimming team of Hubei province and accomplishing the sustainable development of competitive swimming team of Hubei province.%通过文献资料和调查问卷法,对湖北省竞技游泳发展现状、优势项目、人力资源储备等情况进行调查与分析,找出影响湖北省竞技游泳可持续发展的制约因素,以完善湖北省竞技游泳后备人才为中心,不断加强师资力量、改进体教结合制度为可持续发展的条件,寻求湖北省竞技游泳可持续发展道路,这对于扩充湖北省竞技体育全运战略夺金点、提高湖北省竞技游泳专业队的整体运动水平、实现湖北省竞技游泳的可持续发展有着决定性的现实意义。

  19. The Rise of a 100-Billion-Yuan Copper Industry Cluster in Huangshi, Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    <正>On 28th,Sep.,Amer(Huangshi)Electronic Information Industrial Park with a total investment of 20 billion Yuan officially broke ground in Huangshi Economic and Technological Development Zone,Hubei,which indicated the rise of a 100-Billion-Yuan Copper Industry Cluster centering on Amer’s Industrial Park project.Amer International Group,a World’s Top 500Company,is a leading global group focusing

  20. [Paragonimus skrjabini infection in animal reservoir hosts and questionnairing in residents at a village of Hubei Province].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Zheng-Min; Li, Ling; Wu, Xiao-Ying; Zhao, Han-Fen; Du, Ai-Ping; Hu, Sheng-Mei; Tao, Yong-Ping; Sun, Li; Tang, Yu-Cheng; Li, Ming-Hua; Zhang, Zhi-Yong; Li, Zhi-Shan

    2008-02-28

    Freshwater crabs (Sinopotamon denticulatum) were examined for metacercariae. Cats and dogs were also examined for Paragonimus infection. Questionnairing was carried out on health knowledge and behaviors among local residents in a village of Baokang County, Hubei Province. Results showed that the infection rate of Paragonimus skrjabini metacercariae in Sinopotamon denticulatum was 20.5% (46/214), with 15.6% (20/128) in a mining area and 30.2% (26/86) for the non-mining area respectively (chi2 = 6.5, P 0.05). Questionnairing showed that dogs and cats were with the habit of foraging and defecating at streams and children had the habits of eating raw or under-cooked crabs. The natural and ecological environments are in favor of the life cycle of P. skrjabini.

  1. Age and General Characteristics of the Calimicrobialite near the Permian-Triassic Boundary in Chongyang, Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Hao; Zhang Suxin; Jiang Haishui; Wang Yongbiao

    2006-01-01

    The calimicrobialites of Chongyang (崇阳), Hubei (湖北) Province, occur above the mass extinction line in the Late Permian reef facies. Below the boundary are the sponge reef limestone, crinoid bialites are generally composed of mid-coarse grains and microlite calcite with a structure of "graniphyic fabric" and stromatolite. The fossils discovered in the calimicrobialites include globular cyanobacteria,ostracods, micro-gastropods, bivalves, fish teeth and some micro-problematical fossils. Conodont fossils of Hindeodus parvus, H. typicalis and H. latidentatus were also found in the calimicrobialites. According to the conodonts, the calimicrobialites spanned the latest Permian and earliest Triassic in the Chongyang Section. The upper part above the first occurrence of Hindeodus parvus should be attributed to the earliest Triassic, and the lower part to the Changhsingian. The sedimentary structure, fossil composition and conodont zonation of the Chongyang calimicrobialites can be well correlated with the calimicrobialites found in other areas of South China.

  2. Using Machine Learning in Environmental Tax Reform Assessment for Sustainable Development: A Case Study of Hubei Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yinger Zheng

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available During the past 30 year of economic growth, China has also accumulated a huge environmental pollution debt. China’s government attempts to use a variety of means, including tax instruments to control environmental pollution. After nine years of repeated debates, the State Council Legislative Affairs Office released the Environmental Protection Tax Law (Draft in June 2015. As China’s first environmental tax law, whether this conservative “Environmental Fee to Tax (EFT” reform could improve the environment has generated controversy. In this paper, we seek insights to this controversial issue using the machine learning approach, a powerful tool for environmental policy assessment. We take Hubei Province, the first pilot area as a case of EFT, and analyze the institutional incentive, behavior transformation and emission intensity reduction performance. Twelve pilot cities located in Hubei Province were selected to estimate the effect of the reform by using synthetic control and a rapid developing machine learning method for policy evaluation. We find that the EFT reform can promote emission intensity reduction. Especially, relative to comparable synthetic cities in the absence of the reform, the average annual emission intensity of Sulfur Dioxide (SO2 in the pilot cities dropped by 0.13 ton/million Yuan with a reduction rate of 10%–32%. Our findings also show that the impact of environmental tax reform varies across cities due to the administrative level and economic development. The results of our study are also supported by enterprise interviews. The EFT improves the overall environmental costs, and encourages enterprises to reduce emissions pollution. These results provide valuable experience and policy implications for the implementation of China’s Environmental Protection Tax Law.

  3. Reflections on Current Situation of Equestrian Sports in Hubei Province%湖北省马术运动发展现状与思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏博; 陈苗

    2015-01-01

    国务院下发《关于加快发展体育产业促进体育消费的若干意见》,明确将"马术"列为我国体育产业优先发展项目,充分肯定了马术运动的发展前景和价值.在此背景下,湖北省依托鄂疆赛马赛事合作平台和丰富的赛马赛事资源大力发展马术运动.本研究对湖北省马术运动发展的总体情况进行了分析介绍,并在此基础上提出了湖北省马术运动发展的建议.%In the document Opinions on Accelerating Sports Industry Growth and Promoting Sports Consumption issued by the State Council, equestrian is listed in the priorities of our national sports industry development. This manifests the great prospect and value of this sports. In this context, Hubei Province is striving to develop equestrian sports based on the cooperation platform of Hubei-Xinjiang horse racing event and its horse racing resources. This re-search analyzes the overall conditions of the equestrian sports in Hubei Province, and offers some suggestions on the further development of the sports in Hubei.

  4. Factors influencing the provision of public health services by village doctors in Hubei and Jiangxi provinces, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ding, Yan; Smith, Helen J; Fei, Yang; Xu, Biao; Nie, Shaofa; Yan, Weirong; Diwan, Vinod K; Sauerborn, Rainer; Dong, Hengjin

    2013-01-01

    Résumé PROBLÈME: Le gouvernement central chinois a lancé le plan de réforme du système de santé en 2009 pour renforcer la lutte contre les maladies et l'amélioration de la santé, et pour fournir un paquet de services de base en termes de santé publique. Les médecins de village reçoivent une subvention modeste pour offrir des services de santé publique liés à ce paquet. Leurs opinions sur cette subvention et la fourniture de services de santé publique pourraient avoir une influence sur la qualité et l'efficacité des services de santé préventive et sur la surveillance des maladies. APPROCHE: Pour comprendre les perspectives des médecins de village sur la subvention et leur expérience dans le domaine de la fourniture de services de santé publique, nous avons organisé 10 discussions de groupe cible avec des médecins de village, 12 entrevues approfondies avec des directeurs de centres de santé cantonaux et 4 entrevues approfondies avec des directeurs départementaux de centres pour la lutte et la prévention des maladies. ENVIRONNEMENT LOCAL: L'étude a été effectuée dans quatre comtés du centre de la Chine, deux dans la province de Hubei et deux dans la province du Jiangxi. CHANGEMENTS SIGNIFICATIFS: Les médecins de village donnent la priorité aux services médicaux, mais ils font de leur mieux pour gérer leur temps de manière à inclure les services de santé publique. La volonté des directeurs de centres de santé cantonaux et des médecins de village d’offrir des services de santé publique s'est accrue depuis l'introduction du paquet et d'une subvention minimale, mais les médecins de village ne considèrent pas que cette subvention constitue une rémunération suffisante pour leurs efforts. LEÇONS TIRÉES: Il est possible que l’amélioration de la fourniture de services de santé publique par les médecins de village nécessite une augmentation de la subvention, l'amélioration de la relation de supervision entre

  5. 湖北省白僵菌研究与应用进展%Progress in Research and Application of Beauveria bassiana in Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江厚利; 查玉平; 陈京元; 赵东容

    2012-01-01

    Beauveria bassiana(Bals.) Vuillemin is a type of entomopathogenic fungi which applied widely in agroforestry pest control.B.bassiana has been applied in forest pest control in Hubei Province Since 1956.Research of B.bassiana basic biology and application in Hubei Province over the past decades was reviewed by authors.%白僵菌是1类广泛应用于农林害虫生物防治的昆虫病原真菌。早在1956年湖北省就开始试用白僵菌防治林业害虫。笔者对湖北省几十年来在白僵菌的基础生物学和应用方面的研究进行了综述。

  6. 湖北省农产品品牌建设的SWOT分析%The SWOT Analysis for the Brand Construction of Agricultural Products in Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范少君; 韩磊

    2012-01-01

    针对湖北省农产品品牌建设的现状和特点,采用优势、劣势、机会、威胁(SWOT)分析方法分析了湖北省农产品品牌建设的优势与劣势、机会与威胁,并结合湖北省的实际情况对农产品品牌建设提出了相关建议.%The situations and features of agricultural products' brands construction were focused on in Hubei province, the method of strength, weakness, opportunity, threat (SWOT) analysis were used, its strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats were analyzed by SWOT method, and some correlative suggestions about brand construction of agricultural products based on the practical situation in Hubei province were given.

  7. Achievement of the World Bank loan project on schistosomiasis control (1992-2000) in Hubei province and the challenge in the future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Changsong, Sun; Binggui, Yu; Hongyi, Liao; Yuhai, Dai; Xu, Xingjian; Huiguo, Zhu; Yong, Jiang

    2002-05-01

    Since the World Bank provided a loan for control of schistosomiasis in China, started from 1992, with the objective of a reduction of prevalence and intensity of the infection both in humans and animals by 40%, through mass chemotherapy in areas of high prevalence, and selective chemotherapy in areas with medium and low endemicity together with focal mollusciciding, the objective of morbidity control of the project has been reached in Hubei Province.

  8. Factors impacting the use of antenatal care and hospital child delivery services: a case study of rural residents in the Enshi Autonomous Prefecture, Hubei Province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yin; Chen, Minxing; Lu, Jun; Hao, Mo; Zhang, Changli; Sun, Mei; Li, Xiaohong; Chang, Fengshui

    2015-01-01

    This study was undertaken to understand the factors that impact whether rural women obtain antenatal care (ANC) and choose to use hospital delivery services in central and western China. We chose to conduct field research with the rural residents in Hubei Province through a combination of random sampling and purposive sampling methods. A mixed method approach was taken to analyze the factors impacting the use of ANC and hospital delivery services from the perspective of the villagers. Our results indicate that the quality of the available ANC services is poor. In particular, women who have special circumstances and unplanned pregnancies or who become pregnant prior to marriage are confronted with inadequate ANC and hospital child delivery services. The factors that impact whether women use or not use ANC and hospital delivery services and that cause women to choose hospital or home delivery can be understood at three levels: macro, middle, and micro. We strongly suggest that the policies and projects that promote maternal healthcare in rural areas be sustained with an added focus on including women with special circumstances. Village doctors can be enlisted to regularly visit pregnant women at home and to provide extra explanation about the ANC services available and the purpose of maternal healthcare. These findings and suggestions can be used by local health providers and decision-makers to improve the quality of ANC and hospital delivery services.

  9. Empirical Study on Growth of Evil Forces in Land Requisition and Relocation in City G of Hubei Province Based on Social Network Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hongxia ZHANG; Xia ZHOU; Yanan LI

    2015-01-01

    Using social network analysis method,this paper made an empirical study on growth of evil forces in land requisition and relocation in City G of Hubei Province. It obtained following results:(i) lawless developers and inefficient public security organs form interested parties of evil forces. Besides,the inward closeness centrality of evil forces is high,manifesting that evil forces independently possess decentralized power of network and have unscrupulous behavior in land requisition and relocation to a certain extent.(ii) Activities of evil forces have complicated spatial correlation and their geographical distribution is uneven,taking on irregular characteristics. In the field of land requisition and relocation,some evil forces are expandi Xng and spreading,while other forces are relatively weak. In conclusion,growth of evil forces comes from premeditation and collaboration of lawless developers,lack of functions and weak attack of public security organs; growth of evil forces has periodic changes,when in power,they will take opportunity to expand,while losing power,they will hide or even disappear.

  10. GOVERNING THE NATURE CALAMITY OF HUBEI PROVINCE AND LESSONS IN THE LATE QING DYNASTY%晚清时期湖北自然灾害的治理及其经验教训

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王肇磊; 贺新枝

    2009-01-01

    针对湖北独特的地理水文环境和历史时期湖北自然灾害发生的情况来具体地考察晚清时期湖北治理自然灾害的情况及对现今湖北治理灾害存在的借鉴要素.利用地方志等文献资料,从历史的角度着手,运用历史学、地理学、灾害学等理论来综合研究晚清时期湖北各种自然灾害发生的类型、特点、破坏湖北社会经济发展的情况以及清政府所采取的治理灾害措施等.晚清政府虽然针对境内自然灾害发生的特点采取了许多措施,但因受多种因素的制约没有取得预期效果,但为现今治理湖北的自然灾害提供了治理自然灾害必须在稳定的社会环境中科学规划部署,有系统地进行;要建立赈济结合的有效机制;加强生态环境建设等经验教训.%To aim at the unique geographical-hydrological environments and the natural disasters of historical period happened in Hubei province,this paper has analyzed situation of disasters and specifically made a survey of some actions about governing the natural disasters in Hubei in the late Qing,from which some lessons will be drawn for Hubei local government to govern disasters nowadays. The paper has utilized the local history and other documents of the natural disasters;and has applied some theories of history,geography, disaster science and so on to research synthetically historical reasons of those disasters;also has comprehensively studied some types and characteristics of those natural calamities. The paper has also expounded situation of society economic development that was destroyed;at the same time,the paper has introduced many measures that local government adopted for governing calamities of Hubei province in the late Qing dynasty. As a result, the local and central government of Qing dynasty had selected and adopted a good many of measures to dealing with the natural disasters in Hubei province,but it did not make some a-chievement expectantly because

  11. Long chain n-alkanes and their carbon isotopes in lichen species from western Hubei Province: implication for geological records

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xianyu HUANG; Jiantao XUE; Shouyu GUO

    2012-01-01

    Five coticolous lichen samples were collected from western Hubei Province of China to analyze the long chain n-alkanes and their carbon isotope compositions.The n-alkanes range in carbon number from C17 to C33 with strong odd-over-even predominance between C21and C33.Lichens are dominated by n-C29 in the samples of Dajiuhu,Shennongjia Mountain,but by both n-C23 and n-C29 at Qizimei Mountain.This difference may result from the different environmental conditions in these two sites.The δ13C values of long chain n-alkanes in lichen samples show the signature of C3 plants.Based on compoundspecific carbon isotopic values and previous results,we state that alkane homologs > C23 mainly originate from the symbiotic fungi,while symbiotic algae only contribute trace amount of long chain alkanes.Of great interesting is the occurrence of long chain 3-methylalkanes in the Qizimei samples.These anteiso compounds range from C24 to C32,displaying obvious even-over-odd predominance.This study reveals that the association of long chain 3-methylalkanes with n-C23 alkane might be used as proxies to reconstruct the paleoecological implications of lichens in Earth history.

  12. Long chain n-alkanes and their carbon isotopes in lichen species from western Hubei Province: implication for geological records

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Xianyu; Xue, Jiantao; Guo, Shouyu

    2012-03-01

    Five coticolous lichen samples were collected from western Hubei Province of China to analyze the long chain n-alkanes and their carbon isotope compositions. The n-alkanes range in carbon number from C17 to C33 with strong odd-over-even predominance between C21 and C33. Lichens are dominated by n-C29 in the samples of Dajiuhu, Shennongjia Mountain, but by both n-C23 and n-C29 at Qizimei Mountain. This difference may result from the different environmental conditions in these two sites. The δ 13C values of long chain n-alkanes in lichen samples show the signature of C3 plants. Based on compoundspecific carbon isotopic values and previous results, we state that alkane homologs >C23 mainly originate from the symbiotic fungi, while symbiotic algae only contribute trace amount of long chain alkanes. Of great interesting is the occurrence of long chain 3-methylalkanes in the Qizimei samples. These anteiso compounds range from C24 to C32, displaying obvious even-over-odd predominance. This study reveals that the association of long chain 3-methylalkanes with n-C23 alkane might be used as proxies to reconstruct the paleoecological implications of lichens in Earth history.

  13. Giant Induan oolite: A case study from the Lower Triassic Daye Formation in the western Hubei Province, South China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mingxiang Mei

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Most Phanerozoic oolites are marked by ooids with a diameter less than 2 mm. Observations on a Neoproterozoic oolite have resulted in a change of concept. The term “pisolite” that traditionally referred to oolites with a grain size of more than 2 mm, is now restricted to those coated carbonate grains formed by meteoritic freshwater diagenesis; oolites with a grain size of more than 2 mm are now defined as “giant”. Particular unusual giant oolites within a set of oolitic-bank limestones with thicknesses of more than 40 m in the top part of the Lower Triassic (Induan Daye (Ruiping Formation at the Lichuan section in the western part of Hubei Province in South China, represent an important sedimentological phenomenon in both the specific geological period and the geological setting that is related to the end-Permian biological mass extinction. Like the giant oolites of the Neoproterozoic that represent deposits where oolites formed in a vast low-angle carbonate ramp at that special geological period, the Triassic Daye Formation at the study section are significant because they provide a comparative example to help understand the evolving carbonate world reflected by oolites, the origin of which is still uncertain, and they give insight into the sedimentation pattern of the desolate sea floor, which resulted from the mass extinction at the turn of the Permian into the Triassic.

  14. The Effect Evaluation of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy to Patients with AIDS in Hubei Province of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xuehua LI; Yihua XU; Shaofa NIE; Hao XIANG; Chongjian WANG

    2009-01-01

    The effects of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) to patients with AIDS in Hubei province of China were investigated in order to provide scientific evidence to reinforce the management of HAART. Self-made questionnaires and descriptive method of epidemiology were used to collect and describe the changes of clinical symptoms, HIV RNA concentration, and immune function of patients with AIDS. After HAART, the effective rate of fever, cough, diarrhea, lymphadenectasis, weight loss,tetter, debility and fungous infection was 92.4%, 90.85%, 92.91%, 90.73%, 93.69%, 89.04%, 92.34%,and 83.1%, respectively. Of 117 patients with detected HIV RNA concentration, 41.03% had declined over 0.5 log, and 52.99% less than 0.5 log. CD4+T cell count was obviously increased: the average number after HAART for 3 or 6 months was 237/μL (26-755/μL) and 239/μL (17-833/μL), respectively.HAART can improve AIDS patients' clinical symptoms, reduce HIV RNA concentration, and maintain immune function. It is very important for the effectiveness of HAART to raise clinical adherence of pa-tients with AIDS and have a persistent surveillance.

  15. A metagenomic survey of viral abundance and diversity in mosquitoes from Hubei province.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chenyan Shi

    Full Text Available Mosquitoes as one of the most common but important vectors have the potential to transmit or acquire a lot of viruses through biting, however viral flora in mosquitoes and its impact on mosquito-borne disease transmission has not been well investigated and evaluated. In this study, the metagenomic techniquehas been successfully employed in analyzing the abundance and diversity of viral community in three mosquito samples from Hubei, China. Among 92,304 reads produced through a run with 454 GS FLX system, 39% have high similarities with viral sequences belonging to identified bacterial, fungal, animal, plant and insect viruses, and 0.02% were classed into unidentified viral sequences, demonstrating high abundance and diversity of viruses in mosquitoes. Furthermore, two novel viruses in subfamily Densovirinae and family Dicistroviridae were identified, and six torque tenosus virus1 in family Anelloviridae, three porcine parvoviruses in subfamily Parvovirinae and a Culex tritaeniorhynchus rhabdovirus in Family Rhabdoviridae were preliminarily characterized. The viral metagenomic analysis offered us a deep insight into the viral population of mosquito which played an important role in viral initiative or passive transmission and evolution during the process.

  16. 湖北纺织服装出口的问题、原因与对策%The Problems,Causes and Countermeasures about Textile and Clothing Export in Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢少安

    2012-01-01

    纺织服装是国家新兴支柱产业,湖北是一个具有纺织服装出口优势的省份。本文揭示了湖北纺织服装出口存在的问题,并阐释了其问题存在的原因,继而提出了发展湖北纺织服装出口的四大对策。%This is a emerging pillar industry for Textile clothing in our country they are many advantages of textile clothing export in Hubei province.This paper We reveals a existing problem that Hubei dropped behind other provinces about textile clothing Export,and explains the causes in the paper.We propose four countermeasures of development for textile clothing export in Hubei province

  17. 湖北省住院患者压疮现患率的调查研究%Survey on inpatients' pressure ulcers prevalence in Hubei province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘义兰; 段征征; 邓先锋; 王燕

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To explore the baseline data of inpatients' pressure ulcers prevalence in Hubei province. Method:A cross-sectional survey was delivered to get the inpatients' pressure ulcers prevalence in 26 general hospitals in Hubei province. Results:A total of 23 443 people were recruited and 299 patients acquired pressure ulcers with the prevalence of 1.28%. Among them, 62 cases were nosocomial pressure ulcers with hospital-acquired pressure ulcer prevalence 0.26%. The pressure ulcer prevalence was 0.91%excluding phase I cases. Conclusion:It is the ifrst time for us to get baseline data of inpatients' pressure ulcers prevalence in Hubei province.%目的:对湖北省住院患者压疮现患率的基线资料进行调查。方法:采用横断面调查法获取湖北省26家综合医院住院患者的压疮现患率。结果:本次调查总人数为23443人,发生压疮299例,现患率为1.28%;其中院内压疮62例,院内压疮现患率为0.26%;排除I期压疮后,现患率为0.91%。结论:首次获得湖北省住院患者压疮现患率的信息,能够为今后压疮管理工作提供参考。

  18. Bioaccessibility and health risk assessment of arsenic in soil and indoor dust in rural and urban areas of Hubei province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Yanzhong; Ma, Junwei; Yan, Hongxia; Ren, Yuqing; Wang, Beibei; Lin, Chunye; Liu, Xitao

    2016-04-01

    Incidental oral ingestion is the main exposure pathway by which human intake contaminants in both soil and indoor dust, and this is especially true for children as they frequently exhibit hand-to-mouth behaviour. Research on comprehensive health risk caused by incidental ingestion of both soil and indoor dust is limited. The aims of this study were to investigate the arsenic concentration and to characterize the health risks due to arsenic (As) exposure via soil and indoor dust in rural and urban areas of Hubei province within central China. Soil and indoor dust samples were collected from schools and residential locations and bioaccessibility of arsenic in these samples was determined by a simplified bioaccessibility extraction test (SBET). The total arsenic content in indoor dust samples was 1.78-2.60 times that measured in soil samples. The mean As bioaccessibility ranged from 75.4% to 83.2% in indoor dust samples and from 13.8% to 20.2% in soil samples. A Pearson's analysis showed that As bioaccessibility was significantly correlated with Fe and Al in soil and indoor dust, respectively, and activity patterns of children were utilised in the assessment of health risk via incidental ingestion of soil and indoor dust. The results suggest no non-carcinogenic health risks (HQhealth risks (1×10(-6)health risk incurred during daily indoor and outdoor activities. The HQ and CR values for children in urban areas were 1.59-1.95 times those for children in rural areas. The HQ and CR values for children three to five years of age were 1.40-1.47 times those for children six to nine years of age. The health risk accounting for bioaccessibility was only 50.8-59.8% of that obtained without consideration of bioaccessibility. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. 湖北省优秀运动员生化指标研究综述%A Summary on Biochemical Indexes of Elite Athletes in Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹洁; 范家成; 曹斌

    2011-01-01

    It showed the process of sports scientific research on biochemical indexs in Hubei province from 1980's.And it indicated the acquired achievements,present situation and the prospect.%追溯湖北省上世纪80年代至今,体育科研生化指标监测的发展历程,指出取得的成效及目前现状,并对以后发展给予展望。

  20. 基于顾客价值的湖北省农业绿色物流发展研究%Study on the Development of Agricultural Green Logistics in Hubei Province Based on Customer Value

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李林

    2011-01-01

    Based on the study of customer value, it pointed out that the development of agricultural green logistics was the inevitable choice for healthy development of agricultural green logistics in Hubei Province, and the problems in Hubei agricultural green logistics were analyzed, finally, countermeasures and suggestions for the development of agricultural green logistics in Hubei Province were put forward.%在回顾有关顾客价值研究的基础上,指出发展农业绿色物流是湖北省农业物流业健康发展的必然选择,分析了现阶段湖北省农业绿色物流存在的问题,提出了湖北省农业绿色物流发展的对策建议.

  1. Features of Precipitation Change of Hubei Province During Last 50 Years and Trend Prediction in Next 5 Years%湖北省近50年降水时空变化特征与未来5年降水变化预测

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴乐知; 卢明珠

    2014-01-01

    Based on precipitation observation data collected from 6 surface meteorological stations named Yunxi,Laohekou, Macheng,Enshi,Yichang,Wuhan in Hubei province from 1963 to 2012,by using many analytic methods,such as anomaly statistics,5 -year moving average,and liner trend,seasonal and annual changes in precipitation in Hubei province during the last 50 years were analyzed.Furthermore,on the basis of Markov Chin forecasting model,annual precipitation of the 6 stations above in the following 5 years 2013 to 2017 were predicted,and they were extended to the unknown regions in Hu-bei province using the inverse distance weighting (IDW)spatial interpolation.The results showed that the annual precipita-tion in Hubei province during the last 50 years presented no obvious fluctuation,seasonal precipitation reduced in spring and autumn and increased in summer and winter,however.The summer increasing center lay in the Northeast and winter in the Southeast.Besides,the volatility boosted since the 1990s,thus the stability declined.As was predicted,in the following 5 years,the annual precipitation may raise to a small extent in Northwestern Hubei and decline in other regions.Based on the analysis above,counter-measures to cope with the precipitation change in Hubei province were put forward,thus laying the foundation for the research on climate change in Hubei province and even central China,or contributing to Hubei's sustain-able development.%采用湖北省郧西、老河口、麻城、恩施、宜昌、武汉6个气象台站1963~2012年降水的观测资料,运用距平统计、5年滑动平均、线性拟合等方法,分析了湖北省近50年各季节及全年降水状况,运用马尔科夫预测法对各台站2013~2017年年降水量进行了预测并用反距离权重(Inverse Distance Weighted,IDW)空间插值方法将预测扩展到其他未知区域。研究表明,湖北省近50年年降水量没有明显增减,但春、秋季降水量有减少趋势

  2. The Smart Health Initiative in China: The Case of Wuhan, Hubei Province.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fan, Meiyu; Sun, Jian; Zhou, Bin; Chen, Min

    2016-03-01

    To introduce smart health in Wuhan, and provide some references for other cities. As the largest mega-city in central China, Wuhan is investing large amounts of resources to push forward the development of Smart Wuhan and Health Wuhan, and it has unique features. It is one of the centerpieces of China's New Healthcare Reform, and great hope is put on it to help solve the conflict between limited healthcare resources and the large population of patients. How to plan and design smart health is important. The construction of Wuhan Smart Health includes some aspects as follows, like requirement analysis, the establishment of objectives and blueprint, the architecture design of regional health information platform, evaluation and implementation, problems and solutions, and so on. Wuhan Smart Health has obtained some achievements in health network, information systems, resident's health records, information standard, and the first phase of municipal health information platform. The focus of this article is the whole construction process of smart health in Wuhan. Although there are some difficulties during this period, some smart health services and management have been reflected. Compared with other cities or countries, Wuhan Smart Health has its own advantages and disadvantages. This study aims to provide a reference for other cities. Because smart health of Wuhan is characteristic in construction mode. Though still in the initial stage, it has great potentials in the future.

  3. [Impact of daily mean temperature, cold spells, and heat waves on stroke mortality a multivariable Meta-analysis from 12 counties of Hubei province, China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Y Q; Yu, C H; Bao, J Z

    2017-04-10

    Objective: To assess the acute effects of daily mean temperature, cold spells, and heat waves on stroke mortality in 12 counties across Hubei province, China. Methods: Data related to daily mortality from stroke and meteorology in 12 counties across Hubei province during 2009-2012, were gathered. Distributed lag nonlinear model (DLNM) was first used, to estimate the county-specific associations between daily mean temperature, cold spells, heat waves and stroke mortality. Multivariate Meta-analysis was then applied to pool the community-specific relationships between temperature and stroke mortality (exposure-response relationship) as well as both cold- and- heat-associated risks on mortality at different lag days (lag-response relationship). Results: During 2009-2012, a total population of 6.7 million was included in this study with 42 739 persons died of stroke. An average of 2.7 (from 0.5 to 6.0) stroke deaths occurred daily in each county, with annual average mean temperature as 16.6 ℃ (from 14.7 ℃ to 17.4 ℃) during the study period. An inverse J-shaped association between temperature and stroke mortality was observed at the provincial level. Pooled mortality effect of cold spells showed a 2-3-day delay and lasted about 10 days, while effect of heat waves appeared acute but attenuated within a few days. The mortality risks on cold-spell days ranged from 0.968 to 1.523 in 12 counties at lag 3-14, with pooled effect as 1.180 (95%CI:1.043-1.336). The pooled mortality risk (ranged from 0.675 to 2.066) on heat-wave days at lag 0-2 was 1.114 (95%CI: 1.012-1.227). Conclusions: An inverse J-shaped association between temperature and stroke mortality was observed in Hubei province, China. Both cold spells and heat waves were associated with increased stroke mortality, while different lag patterns were observed in the mortality effects of heat waves and cold spells.

  4. New material of microfossils from the Ediacaran Doushantuo Formation in the Zhangcunping area,Yichang, Hubei Province and its zircon SHRIMP U-Pb age

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU PengJu; YIN ChongYu; GAO LinZhi; TANG Feng; CHEN ShouMing

    2009-01-01

    The Zhangcunping area is located at the north limb of the Huangling anticline in Yichang, Hubei Province. Here, the sedimentary succession of the Ediacaran Doushantuo Formation is similar with that in the Weng'an area, Guizhou Province. A large number of new microfossils (mainly acanthoacritarchs) from the Doushantuo Formation in this area are reported in this paper. The fossil assemblage shows similarity as the phosphatized biota of the Doushantuo Formation at Wang'an, Guizhou Province and the silicified biota of the Doushantuo Formation at the Yangtze Gorges, which suggests that the Zhangcunping area is a key for correlation of the Doushantuo Formation between the Weng'an area,Guizhou Province and the Yangtze Gorges. Besides, a new zircon SHRIMP U-Pb age (614.0±7.6 Ma) is first obtained from a horizon underneath the exposed surface in the middle of the Doushantuo Formation in the Zhangcunping area. This age not only provides a new datum for subdivision of the Ediacaran Doushantuo Formation, but also indicates that the age of the exposed surface in the middle of the Doushantuo Formation in the Yangtze Platform should be posterior to 614.0±7.6 Ma. Due to the horizon of the Weng'an biota situated above the exposed surface, the age of the Wang'an biota should be posterior to 614.0±7.6 Ma as well.

  5. 湖北省绿色建筑技术应用分析%Application analysis of green building technology in Hubei province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢宁; 唐小虎

    2015-01-01

    With an analysis of green building development conditions of Hubei province, combining with local climate and geological environ-ment, based on common green building technology survey, the paper studies the implementation conditions of green building technology, and ex-plores low-cost green building technology fitting local development.%分析了湖北省绿色建筑的发展概况,结合当地的气候及地理环境,在调查该地常用的绿建技术的基础上,对绿建技术的落实情况进行了研究,并探索了适宜该地区发展的、较低成本的绿建技术。

  6. Technological Innovation of Agricultural Products Processing Enterprises from the Perspective of Modern Marketing——A Case of Agricultural Products Processing Enterprises in Hubei Province,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The science and technology development of agricultural products processing enterprises in Hubei Province is analyzed.From the perspective of modern marketing,problems in the research and development work of agricultural products processing enterprises are analyzed from the aspects of market,personal training and technology radiation,which are mainly the lack of close connection with market.Countermeasures for the technological innovation of agricultural products processing enterprises are put forward,such as establishing modern enterprise culture with innovative features,strengthening the market benefits of brand,constructing a comprehensive customer orientation information platform,scientifically predicting and developing the market,doing well in market positioning of enterprise,selecting corresponding technology innovation strategy,taking technological innovation strategy as the basis,realizing the transformation from "4P" marketing combination to "4C",cultivating technical personnel,and realizing the integration of professional skill and marketing ability.

  7. Civilian Loan Marke Needs Regulation and Standardization exemplified by 3,331 farming households from Shanxi,Hubei,Henan,Jiangsu and Jilin Provinces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史清华; 卓建伟

    2007-01-01

    Loans have become a common occurrence in many households,contributing to household activities and productivity.An empirical analysis and comparative study on the loan wends of 3,331 farming households from the five provinces of Shanxi,Hubei,Henan.Jiangsu and Jilin are the focus of this study.Findings indicate that civilian loans are prevalent in China’s rural areas and play an important part in the livelihoods of many farming households.Loan action is found to be rational;reflecting differences in government policies,in various periods and locations.The study also looks at the popularity of"affection"loans,the relation between loan length and repayment amount and the propensity of loan contracts,as well as considering the impacts of gender,age and educational level on a households loan activity.

  8. The impact of land transfer on peasant stratification——An analysis based on a survey of Jingshan country,Hubei province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈柏峰

    2009-01-01

    Peasants’ motivation and purpose for transferring land vary from time to time. Based on a survey of 10 villages in Jingshan county, Hubei province, this article finds that the specific forms of rural land transfer include active long-term transfer, passive long-term transfer and short-term transfer. Land transfer has an important impact on the stratification of the peasantry. Present institutional arrangements for land ignore the legitimate interests of migrant families and poor and weak villagers and therefore they hold different attitudes toward land tenure institutions than middle peasants do. Based on the conclusions of an empirical analysis, this article puts forward a series of policy recommendations aimed at protecting the land rights of poor and weak peasant households.

  9. 《湖北省湖泊保护条例》立法构想——以湖北省湖泊现状调查为基础%Legislative Concept of “Hubei Province Lake Protection Ordinance”——Based on Hubei Lakes Survey

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕忠梅

    2012-01-01

    Hubei is known as the "province of thousand lakes",Lakes in Hubei economic and social development is of great significance,but for various reasons,short of lake-protection leads to the drastically declined of lake area and lake numbers,widespread pollution,loss of biodiversity and other serious problems.In order to strengthen the lake protection,the Hubei Provincial People's Congress Standing Committee of legal work commissioned by the experts to conduct the research and drafting of the Hubei Province Lake Protection Ordinance ".The author,in order to complete the "lake in Hubei Province Protection Ordinance(experts recommend draft),fully investigated conservation status and problems of lakes in Hubei province,and puts forward relevant legislative idea based on the specific "situation in the province of Hubei" and "Lake situation".%湖泊对于湖北经济社会发展意义重大,但由于种种原因保护乏力,导致湖泊数量和面积锐减、污染普遍、生物多样性消失等严重问题。为了加强湖泊保护,湖北省人大常委会法律工作委员会委托专家进行《湖北省湖泊保护条例》的研究和起草工作。笔者为了完成所主持制定的《湖北省湖泊保护条例(专家建议稿)》,对湖北省湖泊保护现状及存在问题进行了充分调研,并具体针对湖北的"省情"、"湖情"提出了相关立法构想。

  10. 湖北省居民贫血状况研究%Study on the Anemia Status of Residents in Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程茅伟; 宋毅; 龚晨睿; 李骏; 刘爽; 刘晓燕; 许四元; 易国勤

    2009-01-01

    目的 使用中国居民营养与健康状况调查(2002)湖北省地区数据,分析湖北省居民的贫血状况.方法 采用国际血液标准化委员会(ICSH)推荐的氰化高铁血红蛋白法测定8 755例血红蛋白浓度,分析湖北省城乡、不同性别及不同年龄段居民贫血患病率.结果 2002年湖北省居民贫血患病率为23.7%,高于全国平均水平(20.1%);男性贫血患病率为20.2%,女性为26.6%,女性高于男性(P<0.01);城市居民贫血患病率为22.1%(男性17.0%,女性26.7%),农村居民贫血患病率为24.9%(男性23.0%,女性26.6%),农村高于城市(P<0.01).结论 无论是男性还是女性,城市还是农村,湖北省居民的贫血患病水平均高于相应全国平均水平.湖北省农村男性贫血患病率高于城市男性,农村女性贫血患病率低于城市女性.%Objective To analyze the anemia status of the residents in Hubei according to the data of China Nutrition and Health Survey in Hubei province in 2002. Methods Blood hemoglobin of 8 755 subjects was determined by cyanemthemoglobin method recommended by ICSH,and the difference of anemia prevalence was analyzed in the residents with different areas,gender and age. Results In 2002,the anemia prevalence of the residents in Hubei province was 23. 7% .which was higher than the average in China(20. 1%). The anemia prevalence in males and females was 20. 2% and 26. 6% respectively(F<0. 01). The a-nemia prevalence in urban and rural areas was 22. 1 %(17. 0% for males and 26. 7% for females)and 24. 9%(23. 0% for males and 26. 6% for females)(P<0. 01). Conclusion The anemia prevalence of the residents in Hubei province was higher than the average of China. For males,the anemia prevalence in rural area was higher than that in urban area,and the anemia prevalence of females in urban area was higher than that in rural area.

  11. 湖北省2008年健康素养调查数据分析%Survey on health literacy of Hubei Province in 2008

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏庆华; 覃世龙; 余惠红

    2011-01-01

    目的:了解湖北省居民健康素养具备情况,为湖北省健康素养促进行动提供参考.方法:在湖北省抽取了3个城市地区和3个农村地区,采用多阶段分层随机整群抽样方法:确定调查对象,用卫生部的数据分析方法:对湖北省调查数据进行分析.结果:湖北省居民健康素养具备率为12.0%,具备基本知识和理念、健康生活方式与行为、基本技能三方面素养的比例分别为23.7%、11.1%和22.4%;湖北省居民具备5类健康问题素养的比例由高到低分别是:科学健康观素养37.2%、传染病预防素养23.8%、安全与急救素养22.6%、基本医疗素养11.3%和慢性病预防素养5.9%.结论:湖北省居民健康素养具备情况高于全国平均水平,但仍不容乐观,健康素养水平受到城乡、性别、年龄、文化程度等因素的影响,在开展健康素养促进行动工作时,应做好需求调查,并考虑如何提高目标人群的理解和交流能力.%Objective To understand the health literacy level of Hubei residents, and to provide information for health literacy promotion work of Hubei Province. Methods Multi-stage stratified cluster sampling was used to identify the respondents in three urban areas and three rural areas. The data were collected and analyzed by the analytical procedure of the First Investigation Report of Health Literacy among Chinese Residents published by Ministry of Health. Results The rate of health literacy of residents in Hubei Province was 12. 0%. The AHL rates in the 3 health-literacy-related aspects as basic health concept and knowledge, healthy lifestyle and behaviors, and health related skills were 23.73%, 11.1% and 22. 4%. The AHL rates of 5 health issues as attitude towards health, safety and first aid, infectious diseases prevention,basic medical care, and chronic non-communicable disease prevention among the whole province were 37.2%, 23. 8%,22.6%, 11.3% and5.9%, respectively. Conclusion

  12. 湖北省业余少儿体操启蒙训练的现状及对策%Current Initiation Training of Amateur Children Gymnastics in Hubei Province and Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余莲鸣; 张子夜; 徐思霞

    2012-01-01

    Gymnastics is an advantageous sport of athletic gymnastics in China and also the focus sport in Hubei province. The paper researches the initiation training of grassroot amateur chidren's gymnastics in Hubei province and discusses its problems so as to provide references for the scientific initiation training of the amateur gymnastics.%体操是我国竞技体操传统优势项目,也是湖北省的重点项目。对湖北省基层业余少儿体操启蒙训练的现状及训练中存在的问题进行了分析,并提出了对策,旨在为科学开展基层业余体操训练提供依据,为竞技体操、跳水等项目的发展提供参考。

  13. 湖北省慢性病流行现状与防控策略%The situation and strategies for preventing and controlling non-communicable chronic diseases in Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李东会; 张岚; 祝淑珍; 张庆军

    2013-01-01

    Objective The situation and strategies in preventing and controlling non-communicable chronic diseases (NCDs) in Hubei province were introduced in order to further shed light on NCDs prevention strategies and focus on action. Methods The development and achievement, as well as policies made in Hubei Province regarding to NCD prevention and control were systematically summarized. Results The situation was quite so far is quietly serious in Hubei Province. Through the 10-year development in the field of NCDs prevention, the prevention and control system for NCDs has been established in Hubei Province; with basic public health services as the foundation, health management as the means, healthy lifestyle action at population level as the emphasis, preventing and reducing NCDs as the its purposes. Conclusions To prevent and control NCDs, it will be our high priorities are: to make supportive policies, strengthen the collaboration between departments, perfect the information system, set and promote appropriate techniques, and promote comprehensive prevention and control for NCDs at community level.%目的 慢性病及其危险因素已成为严重的公共卫生问题.方法 如何从群体角度实现慢性病的有效防控是卫生工作面临的一项新的挑战.结果 通过分析湖北省慢性病流行现状及慢性病防控政策.结论 介绍过去10年湖北省慢性病防控的发展与成效,为进一步明确慢性病防治策略与行动重点提供思路.

  14. On the Feasibility of Carya illinoensis (Wangenh.) K.Koch Introduction in Hubei Province%美国山核桃在湖北省引种可行性探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐永杰; 徐春永; 杜洋文; 杜拾平; 马林江; 程军勇

    2012-01-01

    Comparing Caryan illinoensis(Wangenh.)K.Koch niche breadth with geography,climate,soil physical and chemical properties of Hubei province new habitat was presented by authors.It concluded that Caryan illinoensis(Wangenh.)K.Koch is suitable for growth in Hubei province and it's development prospects will be broad.Also it proposed that enshi,yichang area should be considered in the introduction of Caryan illinoensis(Wangenh.)K.Kochin Hubei Province,after that Wuhan and Jingzhou.And in introduction process,it required to choose deep and fertile soil,consider the micro climate factors in its entirety,at the same time.%笔者通过比较美国山核桃生态位宽与湖北省新生境的地理位置、气候、土壤理化性质,得出了湖北省基本适宜美国山核桃生长且发展前景广阔的结论,同时建议湖北省引种美国山核桃首先考虑恩施、宜昌地区,其次考虑武汉、荆州地区。引种过程中需选择土层深厚、土壤肥沃的地块建园,同时要充分考虑微气候因素。

  15. 湖北省农田生态系统服务价值测算初探%Estimation of Farmland Ecosystem Service Value in Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田苗

    2013-01-01

    Taking the estimation method of ecosystem services value and citing the equivalent factor of ecosystem services,the arable farmland ecosystem services value of Hubei province were estimated according to the ecological productive land crop area,yield and price.The results showed that,the service value of arable farmland in Hubei province were as follows (Unit:hm2/a):gas regulation 1 046 yuan,climate regulation 1 863 yuan,water conservation 3 055 yuan,waste treatment 3 432 yuan,food production 1 486 yuan,biodiversity conservation 2 093 yuan,raw material supply 209 yuan,entertainment culture 21 yuan,total 13 205 yuan.According to the existed researches,the estimation results of arable farmland service value could be used as a basis for agro-ecological compensation limitation,the equivalent factors need to be accurate.%采用生态系统服务价值估算方法,引用中国生态系统生态服务价值当量因子,依据湖北省生态生产性土地的作物面积、产量和价格,对湖北省农田生态系统的耕地服务价值进行测算.通过计算得出,湖北省耕地服务价值分别为气体调节1 046元/(hm2·a)、气候调节1 863元/(hm2·a)、水源涵养3 055元/(hm2·a)、废物处理3432元/(hm2·a)、食物生产1 486元/(hm2·a)、生物多样性保护2093元/(hm2·a)、原材料供应209元/(hm2·a)、娱乐文化21元/(hm2·a),合计13 205元/(hm2·a).综观已有研究,对耕地服务价值的年度测算结果可作为确定农业生态补偿上限的依据,对当量因子的选择有待精确.

  16. Fish and Soup of Hubei Cuisine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    I was very impressed by the delicious freshwater fish dish from the well-known Changjiang River and Dongting Lake, the first time I travelled to Hubei Province. Hubei is famous for its freshwater fish dishes since it has so many lakes. The steamed Wuchang fish is one. Wuchang fish is pure, tender and fat and is considered a first-class freshwater fish. Waiters in local restaurants usually bring the fresh Wuchang fish to the

  17. Performance evaluation of public non-profit hospitals using a BP artificial neural network: the case of Hubei Province in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Chunhui; Yu, Chuanhua

    2013-08-15

    To provide a reference for evaluating public non-profit hospitals in the new environment of medical reform, we established a performance evaluation system for public non-profit hospitals. The new "input-output" performance model for public non-profit hospitals is based on four primary indexes (input, process, output and effect) that include 11 sub-indexes and 41 items. The indicator weights were determined using the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) and entropy weight method. The BP neural network was applied to evaluate the performance of 14 level-3 public non-profit hospitals located in Hubei Province. The most stable BP neural network was produced by comparing different numbers of neurons in the hidden layer and using the "Leave-one-out" Cross Validation method. The performance evaluation system we established for public non-profit hospitals could reflect the basic goal of the new medical health system reform in China. Compared with PLSR, the result indicated that the BP neural network could be used effectively for evaluating the performance public non-profit hospitals.

  18. Tectonic property and deformation history of Sangzhi-Shimen synclinorium corridor profile in western margin region of Hunan-hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭建华; 王明艳; 朱美衡; 刘学锋; 张或丹; 刘辰生

    2004-01-01

    The Sangzhi-Shimen synclinorium, which is in the western margin region of the Hunan-Hubei Province and as the southeast part of the middle Yangtze platform, is a second-level tectonics unit in the south of this region.Along the profile, it can be divided into 5 third-level structure belts. By the comprehensive interpretation of seismic data and magnetotelluric (MT) sounding data, it is found that the surface structure is not in accordance with that of the underground, and this un-coordination can be conducted by many decollement surfaces between the layers.There are three periods of deformation in its geo-history in this region: before the early Yanshan stage, during the early Yanshan stage and after the early Yanshan stage, while the main deformation period is during the early Yanshan stage. And the mechanism of deformation is the thrust faults in basement, which are controlled by many decollements, in addition to the decollement of the cap-rock.

  19. Characterstics of seasonal variations of leaf n-alkanes and n-alkenes in modern higher plants in Qingjiang, Hubei Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    OUI JingWei; HUANG JunHua; XIE ShuCheng

    2008-01-01

    On the basis of GC and GC-MS analyses, the seasonal variation of leaf lipids is observed in five plant species in Qingjiang in Hubei Province. The CPI values (carbon preference index) of n-alkanes de-crease gradually from May to November, though the carbon number distributions and the predominant carbon number in an individual species keep unchanged. The declined CPI values might be caused by the leaf fading, which is further supported by a comparison of the defoliated leaves with the fresh leaves. This observation infers the CPI values of n-alkanes in Quaternary sediments can be used as a tool to index the humification, and thus the climatic and the environmental conditions. The plants analyzed here show a remarkable difference in n-alkanes abundance, suggesting their differential con-tribution to the n-alkanes identified in sediments. The abundance and the compound species of the n-alkenes detected in the plant leaves change greatly with the seasons due to the influence of tem-perature, with the least compounds being identified in August.

  20. 湖北省人口老龄化发展趋势和对策研究%Trends and Countermeasures of Hubei Province aging population

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈显友; 鲍谦; 赵琛徽

    2014-01-01

    随着经济发展和社会进步,世界人口老龄化趋势越来越明显,我国的计划生育政策影响了人口老龄化的速度,人口迁移影响了人口老龄化的结构。本文运用队列动态仿真人口预测模型对湖北省2050年以前的人口老龄化趋势进行预测,并在此基础上分析湖北省的人口老龄化特征和未来发展趋势,并提出相应的对策建议。%With the economic development and social progress,the Aging population trends of the world are becoming evident. Chi-na’s family planning policy affects the speed of population aging,population migration affects the aging population structure. In this paper,we use the queue dynamic simulation model to predict the aging population trend forecasting and analysis of population ag-ing characteristics in Hubei Province in future before 2050. Based on this,we put forward corresponding countermeasures.

  1. Marginalization of Arable Land and its Correlation with Rural Labor Migration——A Case of Tongcheng County,Hubei Province,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Based on the introduction of the connotation of marginalization,the index of diagnosing the marginalization degree is put forward.According to the 685 copies of questionnaires on peasant households in Tongcheng County of Hubei Province and the statistical data of local government,marginalization of arable land and its correlation with rural labor migration in Tongcheng County are studied by using aggregative indicator method,clustering analysis method and correlation analysis method.Result shows that marginalization of arable land has happened two times in Tongcheng County since 1985.Dry land has severer marginalization degree than paddy field.There is significant correlation between marginalization degree of arable land and rural labor migration;and the correlation between marginalization degree and rural labor migration in paddy field is greater than that in dry land.Marginalization of arable land will advance the rural labor migration,while in response to the poor current circulation of lands;the rural labor migration will further deepen the marginalization degree.Marginalization of arable land is one of the important factors affecting the labor migration in rural areas.

  2. Research on Quality Safety Management of Hubei Province Export Crawfish%湖北省出口小龙虾质量安全管理研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张剑

    2016-01-01

    作为为数稀少的自然资源性虾类产品———淡水小龙虾,是我国重点出口水产品之一,也是备受关注的高风险出口商品。目前乃至今后一段时期,出口淡水龙虾行业存在着若干内“忧”外“患”的困难和问题。文章将对湖北省出口小龙虾质量安全管理问题进行研究。%As one of the few natural resources shrimp products,freshwater crayfish is one of the important export aquatic product of our country,and is a high-risk export commodity received much concern.At present and in the future,there are some problems and difficulties of crawfish exportation.This article does a research on quality safety management of Hubei province ex-port crawfish.

  3. Predictors of condom use behaviors based on the Health Belief Model (HBM among female sex workers: a cross-sectional study in Hubei Province, China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jinzhu Zhao

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: HIV infection related to commercial sexual contact is a serious public health issue in China. The objectives of the present study are to explore the predictors of condom use among female sex workers (FSWs in China and examine the relationship between Health Belief Model (HBM constructs. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in two cities (Wuhan and Suizhou in Hubei Province, China, between July 2009 and June 2010. A total of 427 FSWs were recruited through mediators from the 'low-tier' entertainment establishments. Data were obtained by self-administered questionnaires. Structural equation models were constructed to examine the association. We collected 363 valid questionnaires. Within the context of HBM, perceived severity of HIV mediated through perceived benefits of condom use had a weak effect on condom use (r=0.07. Perceived benefits and perceived barriers were proximate determinants of condom use (r=0.23 and r=-0.62, respectively. Self-efficacy had a direct effect on perceived severity, perceived benefits, and perceived barriers, which was indirectly associated with condom use behaviors (r=0.36. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: The HBM provides a useful framework for investigating predictors of condom use behaviors among FSWs. Future HIV prevention interventions should focus on increasing perceived benefits of condom use, reducing barriers to condoms use, and improving self-efficacy among FSWs.

  4. REE geochemical characteristics and depositional environment of the black shale-hosted Baiguoyuan Ag-V deposit in Xingshan, Hubei Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Boyong; HU Bin; BAO Zhengyu; ZHANG Zhaogan

    2011-01-01

    By means of techniques such as inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and X-ray fluorescence spectrometry (XRF), REE geochemical characteristics and depositional environment of the black shales in Baiguoyuan Ag-V deposit, Xingshan, Hubei Province, were studied in this work. The black shales in a typical TC5 profile of Doushantuo Formation of upper Sinian period were obviously enriched in REE, especially in LREE. The REE patterns of the investigated samples normalized by Post Archean Australian Shale (PAAS) showed a flat or slight rightward inclination. The characteristic elements, their ratio and correlation diagrams showed that it should be hot-water deposit and the black shale in the study area was of a sedimentary origin. Redox sensitive metal elements pattern, trace elements index measurement in anoxic environment, Ce anomaly and δEu negative anomaly showed that the deposit environment of the black shales was a reducing and anoxic one and a slight change of the sea level could be identified. The samples relatively focused on the superimposed area of sedimentary rock and basalt in the diagram of La/Yb-ΣREE and La/Yb-Ce/La. So there might be accession of hot-water sedimentation during the period of the formation of the black rock series, mostly in normal terrigenous sedimentation with the participation of deep hot-water deposit.

  5. The phonology of Lichuan dialect in Hubei Province%湖北利川方言音系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何越鸿

    2012-01-01

    Lichuan is located in the intersection of Sichuan, Chongqing, and Hubei. In view of its unique geographic condi- tions and ethnic composition, Lichuan dialect is worthy of more attention. This paper describes the phonetic phonology of Li- chuan dialect including phonological system and its features. In the syllabary of Lichuan dialect, there are 19 initial conso- nants, in which has no retroflex consonants and the distinction between Jian Yin and Tuan Yin, and [ n] always mixed with [1] and [x] partly mixed with [f] ; 37 simple or compound finals, in whichparts of head vowels and the essential vowels in a compound vowel composition are comparatively complicated; 4 tones, in which the entering tone are mostly read for the ris- ing tone with a few exceptions. Moreover, Erhua, literal- colloquial pronunciation and common pronunciation exist generally in Lichuan dialect.%利川位于川渝鄂交汇处,因其独特的地理条件和民族构成,其方言值得关注。利川方言音系中共有声母19个,无卷舌音,不分尖团,[n][l]相混,[x][f]部分相混;韵母37个,部分韵头韵腹的配合较为复杂;声调4个,入声大多归阳平,但有例外。利川方言存在较普遍的儿化现象和异读俗读情形。

  6. 湖北省房地产投资环境的时序全局主成分分析%Time Series Analysis and All-around PCA of Real Estate Investment Environment in Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    The Midwest real estate investment climate evaluation index system was built from six aspects including the politi-cal and legal climate, macroeconomic climate, social climate, infrastructure climate, natural climate and the real estate market climate. The time series analysis and all-around PCA ( principal component analysis) were employed to conduct comparison be-tween the Hubei province's real estate investment climate and other Midwest provinces' in transverse section and longitudinal time series. The reason why the real estate investment has degraded to second from 2001 to 2010 was analyzed and the countermeas-ures were proposed to improve the real estate investment environment in Hubei province, and to promote the healthy and orderly development of the real estate market in Hubei province.%从政治法律环境、宏观经济环境、社会环境、基础设施环境、自然环境和房地产市场环境6个方面,构建了中西部房地产投资环境评价指标体系,并通过时序全局主成分分析法将湖北省房地产投资环境与其他中西部地区房地产投资环境进行了横向截面和纵向时间序列的比较,分析了湖北省在2001—2010年10年的房地产投资环境已从第一位退化到第二位的原因和对策,以期改善湖北省房地产投资环境,促进湖北省房地产市场健康有序地发展。

  7. 湖北省畜牧业内部生产结构探索及总产值预测%Exploration of the Internal Production Structure of Animal Husbandry in Hubei Province and Prediction of Its Output

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张俊

    2011-01-01

    To fully understand the developmental actuality of animal husbandry in Hubei Province, and promote its faster and better development.This paper used the hierarchical clustering method to analyze the structure of animal products and animal species in Hubei Province while starts the theoretical study, and used the gray system to predict the total output value of animal husbandry in 2009-2012 in Hubei Province.The results show that animal husbandry in Hubei Province mainly breeds pigs, poultry, beef cattle and sheep, and keeps horses, donkeys, mules and other livestock species, and also output a small amount of wool, silk cocoons and honey products and so on, with great development potential, and the output is in the steadily increasing trend.Recommending to optimize the internal production structure of animal husbandry in the province, and to implement an integration of the production, processing, circulation, to accelerate the pace of development of animal husbandry.%为充分认识湖北省畜牧业发展现状,促进其更快更好发展.在展开理论研究的同时,运用层次聚类法对省内畜产品结构和畜种结构进行了分析,运用灰色系统对湖北省2009-2012年畜牧业总产值进行了预测.结果显示,湖北省畜牧业以发展生猪、家禽、肉牛和肉羊养殖为主,以畜养马、驴、骡等多元畜禽种类为目标,同时还产出少量羊毛、蚕茧和蜂蜜等产品,具有较大发展潜力,且畜牧业总产值呈逐年稳定增长趋势;建议应不断优化省内畜牧业内部生产结构,实行生产、加工、流通一体经营等,以加快畜牧业发展速度.

  8. Analysis on Common and Different Character of Farmers' Ideology in Hubei Province--A Case Study in Huangmei and Daye%湖北农民思想观念的共性及差异性分析——基于黄梅和大冶的调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁伟军; 吴春梅

    2012-01-01

    Ideology of farmers in Hubei Province not only affects their choice of behavior in con- struction of new socialist countryside and their expansion of function as the chief constructing part, but also deeply affects the realization of building Hubei into a powerful agricultural province. The positive study shows that there are common characters of farmer's ideology in Hubei province: they all hold positive attitude towards policies made by the Communist Party of China and the central government and enforcement the policies; their cultural life has greatly improved and they hope that governments can strengthen the construction of rural culture; they basically show positive attitude towards social development; rational interest preference is formed during their participation in market economy activities; their moral notion tends to socialized cognition; they do not crave for religious belief and related activities; they hope to work and live in city and they generally feel satisfied with their living conditions. Meanwhile, there are different characters of farmer's ideology in Hubei province which are displayed by different farmer group who hold different awareness, understandings and ideas when they face the same problems. This paper finally puts forward some policies and measures on how to improve farmer's ideology in Hubei province, including fully expanding function of the Communist Party of China and the Communist Youth League of China in countryside,improving rural cadres' work, accelerating the development of economy and social undertakings in countryside, soundly allocating the rural labor resources and orderly realizing the citizenization of migrant workers.%湖北农民的思想观念不仅影响农民的新农村建设行为选择、主体功能的发挥,而且深刻地影响湖北农业强省目标的实现。实证研究表明,湖北农民思想观念具有共性:对党和国家制定的政策及其执行普遍持肯定态度;对公共

  9. 高铁对湖北省旅游产业集聚水平的影响%High-speed Rail Impact on the Agglomeration Level of Regional Tourism Industry in Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡静; 程露萍; 周密

    2015-01-01

    By using the herfindahl-hirschman index and space gini coefficient,the paper measures the agglomeration level about tourism industry of Hubei province in 2005—2012 was measured. The agglomeration level changes of tourism industry after high-speed opening were compared. The different impact of tourism and related industries were analyzed. The results show:1)after the high-speed rail opening in 2009,the agglomeration level of tourism industry has increased significantly in Hubei province;2) There are obvious differences in the influence that high-speed rail impacts to the tourism industry cluster in Hubei province,and the degree to business service industry and the accommodation catering industry is the largest;3)Nationally,the agglomeration level of tourism industry in Hubei province is low,and the growth rate is slow;4)The agglomeration degree of tourism industry is imbalanced in Hubei province,the agglomeration level of tourism industry has been increasing in transportation hub cities, such as Wuhan,Yichang;Finally,based on the present agglomeration situation of the tourism industry in Hubei province,some conclusions and suggestions were made.%利用赫芬达尔指数和空间基尼系数,测量湖北省2005—2012年旅游产业的集聚水平,对比高铁开通前后其旅游产业集聚水平的发展变化,分析高铁对旅游及相关行业的差异化影响。结果表明:2009年高铁开通以后,湖北省旅游产业的集聚水平显著提高;高铁对湖北省各旅游行业集聚水平的影响程度存在明显差异,其中对商业服务业、住宿餐饮业的影响程度最大;在全国范围内,湖北省旅游产业的集聚程度相对较低,且增长速度缓慢;湖北省内旅游产业的空间集聚程度不均衡,武汉、宜昌等交通枢纽城市旅游产业的集聚水平不断增强。针对目前湖北省旅游产业的集聚状况得出一些结论和建议。

  10. 湖北省倒春寒发生程度评估模型%Assessment to Impacts of Late Spring Frosts in Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马德栗; 刘敏; 李兰; 邓爱娟

    2011-01-01

    The characteristics of late spring frost, including the temperature decreasing range, average daily minimum temperature continues days, was analyzed based on late spring frost data from 9 stations in Hubei province from 1951 to 2010. Assessment model to forecasting late spring frost was established by using principal component analysis method.The results showed that the frequency of late spring frost in March generally decreased in Hubei province last 60years.The frequency of late spring frost in April decreased obviously during the 1980s and 1990s but increased in the first 10 years of this century. From decadal aspect, there was no clear trend in the average maximums temperature decrease,but it was greater in March than that in April. The minimum daily average temperature of late spring frost in March and April decreased slightly in the first 10 years of this century. The average duration of late spring frost decreased slightly from 1951 to 2010, as totally 4. 1 days.%选取湖北省9个代表站历史倒春寒灾害序列资料,分析1951-2010年倒春寒过程中最大降温幅度、最低日平均气温、持续天数变化的特征,结合主成分分析法构建倒春寒评估模型,探讨湖北省倒春寒发生影响程度.结果表明:60a来,湖北3月倒春寒发生频次总体呈下降趋势,4月倒春寒频次以20世纪60、70年代最多,80、90年代明显下降,而2000-2010年又有所增加;倒春寒发生过程中,平均最大降温幅度的年代际间变化不大,但3月最大降温幅度大于4月;3、4月倒春寒过程最低日平均气温按年代比较显示,在2000-2010年有所降低,但不明显;1951-2010年,倒春寒持续天数平均为4.1d,呈不显著的下降趋势.运用评估模型埘2010年4月12-15日的倒春寒过程评估表明,9个代表站中5站为中度倒春寒,4站为轻度倒春寒.

  11. Rehabilitation resources in Hubei Province%湖北省康复医疗资源调查及对策分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汤智伟; 许涛; 黄晓琳; 郭铁成; 刘雅丽; 冯晓艳; 徐群

    2016-01-01

    目的 调研湖北省康复医疗资源现状,为我省康复医疗质量控制中心管理提供科学的决策依据.方法 对湖北省二级及二级以上医疗机构统一发放调查问卷,调查内容包括康复学科设置、人员、场地及设备等多个方面.结果 共收回调查问卷176份,其中166家(占94.3%)成立康复医学科,设置独立康复病房仅有122家(占69.3%),床位总计有3359张;康复医师有1260人(占36.7%),康复治疗师有904人(占26.3%),康复护士有1272人(占37%),康复医师、治疗师和护士副高以上职称占有率分别为26.0%、3.1%和28.3%.结论 目前湖北省康复发展相对滞后,在学科建设、专业人员、医疗管理及设备配置等多方面均存在明显不足,尤其是康复治疗人才极度缺乏,无法满足康复发展需求.%Objective To generate data on the current medical rehabilitation resources in Hubei province so as to improve the management of rehabilitation quality.Methods Medical institutions on the second level and above were investigated using a questionnaire which covered installations,personnel,equipment and field of operations.Results A total of 176 questionnaires were recovered.Among them,166 (94.3%) of the hospitals had established a department of rehabilitation medicine,and 122 (69.3%) had set up an independent rehabilitation ward,accounting for a total of 3,359 beds.Altogether,there were 1,260 rehabilitation physicians (36.7% of the assigned personnel),904 therapists (26.3%) and 1,272 nurses (37%).Senior physicians,therapists and nurses were 26%,3.1% and 28.3% of the respective totals.Conclusion Rehabilitation medicine in Hubei Province remains relatively poorly developed.It is weak in terms of building the discipline,management and devices,especially in a serious lack of professionals and rehabilitation therapists.

  12. 湖北省主要污染物排放权交易平台发展状况研究%Development Research on Main Pollutant's Emissions Trading Platform of Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎精明; 吴依玲

    2016-01-01

    According to the methods of field research,interviews,as well as literature retrieval,the paper made systemati-cal analysis on the construction and operation condition of main pollutant's emissions trading platform in the past six years of Hubei province from three aspects,that's property rights,supporting system and the practice.The study shows that there are several problems during the development of the main pollutant emissions trading platform of Hubei province,which in-cluded the inadequate independence of the legal subject,non -perfect of the security system,as well as fuzzy boundaries between the government and the market.Finally,aiming at to solve these problems,the paper puts forward systemic coun-termeasures and suggestions to perfect the main pollutant emissions trading platform of Hubei province.%通过实地察看、访谈、文献检索等方法,从产权依托、配套体系、实践操作3个视角分析湖北省主要污染物排放权交易平台近6年的建设与运行状况。研究表明,湖北省主要污染物排放权交易平台发展中存在法人主体地位缺乏独立性、配套保障体系不完善、政府与市场边界模糊等主要问题。最后,针对这些问题提出完善湖北省主要污染物排放权交易平台的系统性对策建议。

  13. Using Support Vector Machine to Predict Eco-environment Burden:A Case Study of Wuhan,Hubei Province,China1

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XIANG-MEI LI; JING-XUAN ZHOU; SONG-HU YUAN; XIN-PING ZHOU; QIANG FU

    2008-01-01

    Objective The human socio-economic development depends on the planet's natural capital.Humans have had a considerable impact on the earth,such as resources depression and environment deterioration.The objective of this study was to assess the impact of socio-eeonomic development on the ecological environment of Wuhan,Hubei Province,China,during the general planning period 2006-2020. Methods Support vector machine(SVM) model was constructed to simulate the process of eco-economic system of Wuhan.Socio-economic factors of urban total ecological footprint(TEF)were selected by partial least squares(PLS)and leave-one-out cross validation(LOOCV).Historical data of socio-economic factors as inputs,and corresponding historical data of TEF as target outputs.were presented to identify and validate the SVM model.When simulated as output in succession. Results Up to 2020,the district would have suffered an accumulative TEF of 28.374 million gha,which was over 1.5 times that of 2004 and healrly 3 times that of 1988.The per capita EF would be up to 3.019 gha in 2020. Conclusions The simulation indicated that although the increase rate of GDP would be restricted in a lower level during the general planning period,urban ecological environment burden could not respond to the socio-economic circumstances promptly.SVM provides tools for dynamic assessment of regional eco-environment.However,there still exist limitations and disadvantages in the model.We believe that the next logical step in deriving better dynamic models of ecosystem is to integrate SVM and other algorithms or technologies.

  14. What Contributes to the Regularity of Patients with Hypertension or Diabetes Seeking Health Services? A Pilot Follow-Up, Observational Study in Two Sites in Hubei Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Da Feng

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Regular maintenance of non-communicable chronic diseases can constrain disease progression in diabetic and hypertensive patients. To identify the individual and social factors that are associated with positive health-seeking behaviors and regular maintenance of chronic diseases, we have conducted a follow up study in 2015 on diabetic and hypertensive patients in Hubei Province. We used binary logistic regression models to determine specific factors associated with diabetic and hypertensive patients that sought healthcare services for their conditions in accordance with current Chinese Centers for Disease Prevention and Control (CDC guidelines. Our findings show that 42.16% of 510 people living with chronic conditions (PLCDs sought health services in line with existing guidelines. Findings also show a higher probability (8.418 times for PLCDs seeking healthcare services at higher-tiered hospitals (secondary and tertiary hospitals than for PLCDs seeking care at primary hospitals (odds ratio (OR = 8.418, 95% confidence interval (CI = 4.82, 14.27, p < 0.001. These analyses underscore the importance of having patient advocates who can provide support, where necessary, and encourage positive health-seeking behavior. The study also shows a negative impact on regular maintenance for PLCDs in households with high financial constraints. In contrast, the study shows positive impacts for increased household income, age, and residency in rural locations. In sum, this study underscores the importance of primary hospitals as key points of care and critical players in care coordination for PLCDs. The study provides more evidence for Chinese policymakers seeking to contain costs and improve population health. The findings also underscore the need for community-based interventions, specifically interventions that link local primary hospitals, friends/family members, and PLCDs.

  15. Geochemistry of Sedimentation and Diagenesis in Qixia Formation (Early Permian) of Badong,Hubei Province, China: Implications for T-R Cycle Interpretation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1999-01-01

    Combined with sedimentary observation and mineralogical research on a type of drusy celestite of early diagenesis in origin, this geochemical study on the Qixia Formation at the Shuibuya Section, Badong County, Hubei Province of south China evaluates the contribution of sedimentation and diagenesis to the mass fractions of CaO, Al2O3, MgO, SiO2, Fe2O3, Na2O, K2O, Mn, Sr, P and Ba in the carbonates. The Sr, initially released from the stabilization of carbonate calcium mineral, precipitated with sulfate ion as celestite in early diagenetic environment, where sulfate reduction was the minimum. Then it redistributed in burial diagenetic environment, where celestite was replaced by calcite. The fractions of the MgO and SiO2 in the carbonates were mainly modified by the early dolomitization and silicification respectively. That of the Na2O was overprinted by the burial diagenesis. Multivariate statistical analysis on data of sixty bulk rocks indicates that the mass fractions of the Al2O3, K2O, Fe2O3, Mn, CaO, P and Ba were affiliated with the sedimentary factor despite the obvious decrease of CaO during early dolomitization and silicification. Among them, the Al2O3 and K2O mainly represent the detrital components. In addition, a dysaerobic sedimentary background was confirmed by trace element measurement and information derived from the formation of the celestite. This genetic discrimination facilitates the interpretation of the transgressive-regressive (T-R) cycle and specialities featured this unusual carbonate unit.

  16. 湖北省综合医院偿债能力分析%Study on Debt Paying Ability of General Hospital in Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张黎; 龚勋; 张文斌

    2012-01-01

    To understand general hospital debt paying ability from 2007 to 2009 in Hubei Province. Methods: Using quantitative and qualitative analysis, as well as descriptive and comparative methods, to study the status and development trend of debt paying ability. Results: General hospital has high debt level. The short-term debt paying ability develops well, but the long-term one gets into trouble. Conclusion: The general hospital should properly control the liabilities, improve the utilization rate of liquidity, and strengthen the profitability of fixed assets to improve the whole level of debt paying ability and at last promote the sustainable development of the general hospital.%目的:了解湖北省2007年到2010年4年间的综合医院偿债能力情况.方法:采用定性与定量、描述性分析与对比分析的方法,研究偿债能力的现状及变化发展趋势.结果:湖北省综合性医院的负债水平偏高,短期偿债能力发展良好,长期偿债能力陷入困境.结论:应该适当控制负债资产,提高流动资金利用率并提示固定资产的收益能力,以提高整体偿债水平,促进综合医院的可持续发展.

  17. Development of Tourist Products in Wuzu Temple of Huangmei County, Hubei Province%湖北黄梅五祖寺旅游产品开发研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓瑞; 陈方明

    2012-01-01

    The Wuzu Temple is located in the northeast of Huangmei County, Hubei Province. It is the birthplace of Chinese Zen Buddhism and has experienced many thriving and abandoned periods. Now it has invested a huge sum of money to build scenic spot, and also made a series of the construction plans for short term and long term, which aim to make the Zen revived. This article analyses the advantages and disadvantages of the Wuzu Temple tourism resources, and puts forward the reasonable market positioning of the tourism products according to its characteristics of tourism resources and actual development condition, i. e. keep the balanced development of domestic and international tourism market. Finally, the article proceeds the preliminary research and analysis of the planning of Wuzu Temple Buddhist culture, in order to provide a useful basis and reference for the overall planning and development of Wuzu Temple Buddhist culture and other religions cultural in future.%对五祖寺旅游资源进行了二重评价即优劣势分析,并根据五祖寺的资源特色和实际开发状况提出了合理的市场定位:稳步推进国内市场,积极开拓入境市场,保持二者稳定、持续的发展。最后,对黄梅五祖寺佛教文化的规划进行了初步的研究与探讨。为今后五祖寺及其他宗教文化的科学全面规划和开发提供了很好的依据、参考和借鉴。

  18. 湖北省水库移民矛盾及化解机制研究%Study on reservoir resettlement conflicts and settlement mechanism of Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈蓓蓓; 彭代武; 张舒

    2015-01-01

    As the major indicator of resettlement conflicts, the number and content of immigrants' petitions from 2010 to 2012 recorded by local immigration administrations in 30 resettlement cities, counties and districts of Hubei Province are collected and sorted out. The characteristics of reservoir resettlement conflicts are summarized, and three types of resettlement conflicts inclu-ding social, natural and psychological conflicts and their manifestations are analyzed. Measures like improving the efficiency of the policy system, strengthening the inter-departmental cooperation, gradually playing down the identities of immigrants, and offering assistance to immigrants for eliminating poverty and seeking prosperity, are put forward to resolve resettlement conflicts.%以地方移民管理机构登记的移民信访量和信访记录作为移民矛盾的主要表现形式,对湖北省30个主要移民安置县市区2010~2012年移民信访数量和信访内容进行了汇总,总结了水库移民社会矛盾的特点,分析了社会矛盾、自然矛盾和心理矛盾3种类型的移民矛盾及表现形式。提出通过提高政策体系的效率、多部门参与联动化解移民矛盾、逐步淡化移民身份、帮助移民脱贫致富等措施来解决移民矛盾。

  19. Present Situation Investigation of Pollination for Asian Sacred Lotus in Jiangxi Province, Hunan Province and Hubei Province%赣湘鄂三省荷花授粉现状调查报告

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张旭凤; 颜志立; 邵有全

    2013-01-01

    In order to realize present situation of Asian sacred lotus (Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn) in Jiangxi, Hunan, Hubei Provinces, beekeepers who collected lotus pollen and lotus growers were interviewed with following aspects on July 5-11, 2012: ways of beekeeping and managing bees, income of beekeepers and lotus growers, necessity of bee pollination for lotus, meanwhile numbers and species of wild pollinators for lotus among three provinces were investigated. Results indicated that, there were fewer numbers and species of wild pollinators for lotus in three provinces, main wild pollinators were Hymenoptera insects as follows: Xylocopa sinensis Smith, Xylocopa valga Gestaecker, Xylocopa appendiculata Smith, Halictus aerarius Smith, Halictus subopacus Smith and so on, so high yield of lotus seed should be depended on bee pollination, bee pollination was more conducive to beekeepers and lotus growers to obtain higher yields. The best time of bee collecting lotus pollen was 5:00-8:00; temperature and wind-force were the main factors which affect the bee collection lotus. The price fluctuation of lotus pollen was influenced by natural disaster, marketing channel and supply-demand relationship. Beekeepers’age structure presented aging trend.%  为掌握赣湘鄂三省荷花(Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn)授粉现状,2012年7月5—11日在江西、湖南、湖北三省对采收荷花粉蜂农以及当地荷花种植户进行了采访调查,针对蜂农放蜂和蜂群管理方式,蜂农和荷花种植户收益,蜜蜂为荷花授粉的必要性开展调查,同时在三省进行了荷花野生传粉昆虫数量和种类的资源调查。调查表明:三省荷花野生传粉昆虫种类和数量均较匮乏,经鉴定,荷花野生传粉昆虫主要为膜翅目昆虫,包括中华木蜂(Xylocopa sinensis Smith)、紫木蜂(Xylocopa valga Gestaecker)、黄胸木蜂(Xylocopa appendiculata Smith)、铜色隧蜂(Halictus aerarius Smith)、尖肩隧蜂(Halictus subopacus

  20. Study on the ICT Development Level of Elementary Education in Central China--Based on the Data Analysis of 5 Provinces 14 Cities (Districts) From Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Henan and Anhui%我国中部地区基础教育信息化发展水平研究*--基于湖北、湖南、江西、河南、安徽5省14个市(区)的调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴砥; 李枞枞; 周文婷; 卢春

    2016-01-01

    The 5 provinces in central China have similar economic standard and large educational scale. The overall development level of ICT in elementary education in central China is inferior to medium level in nationwide scope. Besides, there is considerably gap among different provinces and different districts in the same province. Based on the spot check data of 14 districts from the 5 provinces, the paper made comparative analysis on the current situation of ICT development level in elementary education in central China. This signiifcant factors which impact the development of the ICT in elementary education in central China include:(1) The disparities of digital resources become obvious. The vast majority of primary and secondary schools haven’t set up school-based resource center, and the situation of high quality digital resources supported by teaching material has become worse; (2) The recognition degree of the information-based teaching application have been gradually improved. However, the application has not been infused into the link of teaching; (3) The ICT management in elementary education is in the initial stage. The application and popularization of ICT management in elementary education should be reinforced; (4) The ICT development level in provincial capital city and side-provincial capital cities are signiifcantly higher than ordinary city. The difference of ICT development of elementary education among districts is obvious.%我国中部5省经济水平相当,基础教育规模接近且总量较大,基础教育信息化整体发展水平在全国范围内属于中等偏下,省域间、省域内的差异较大。基于中部5省14市(区)的基础教育信息化抽样调查数据,该文对我国中部地区省域间、省域内的基础教育信息化发展现状及其差异性进行对比分析。研究发现影响中部省份基础教育信息化发展的显著因素包括:(1)数字资源整体差异较大,绝大部分中小学校未建

  1. On Competitiveness of Agricultural Industrial Clusters in Hubei Province Based on GEM Model%基于GEM模型的湖北省农业产业集群竞争力分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈德刚

    2012-01-01

    Firstly,this paper summarizes concept of the agricultural industrial cluster and GEM model. Then,it analyzes the competitiveness of agricultural industrial clusters in Hubei Province from three aspects, namely, the foundation, enterprises and market. In the aspect of the foundation, Hubei province has superior geographical location,rich natural resources,abundant human resources,diversified capital sources,and hardware and software facilities. In the aspect of enterprises,agricultural suppliers (farmers) are relatively scattered in Hubei Province,organizational level of relevant enterprises is constantly improved,and structure and strategy of enterprises are constantly innovated. In the aspect of market,the competition of agricultural products is fierce in local market, and it is difficult to explore external market. Finally, it presents countermeasures for improving the competitiveness of agricultural industrial clusters in Hubei Province, including building agricultural industrial park and cultivating key leading enterprises, strengthening innovation management, and increasing financial support.%概述了农业产业集群和GEM模型的内涵,基于GEM模型,从基础、企业、市场3个方面对湖北省农业产业集群竞争力进行了具体分析.结果表明,在基础方面,湖北省地理位置优越,自然资源丰富,人力资源充足,资金来源多样化,硬件设施和软件设施都在不断完善;企业方面,湖北省农业供应商(农户)相对分散,相关企业组织化程度正在不断提高,企业的结构与战略不断创新;市场方面,湖北省农产品本地市场竞争激烈,外部市场开拓难度大.提出了提升湖北省农业产业集群竞争力的对策建议,一是建设农业产业园,培育重点龙头企业;二是加强各项创新管理;三是加大资金扶持力度.

  2. Economics Analysis on Areas Distribution for Rural Labor Transfer in Hubei Province%湖北省农村劳动力转移地区分布的经济学原因分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄宁阳; 王浙勤; 马强

    2012-01-01

    湖北省农村劳动力绝大部分向省外转移,省际转移呈现不均衡现象,其中又以东部和中等城市转移为主.从经济学原因分析湖北省农村劳动转移地区分布的成因.结果表明:农民迁移决策是理性的,符合其收益的最大化.农村劳动力转移与地区经济发展水平紧密相关,转移对收入差距的弹性有增大的趋势,省际间经济和收入差距不断扩大,直接影响到农村劳动力的迁入量.农村劳动力转移除了受机会成本的影响,还受迁入地区生活成本、两地空间距离以及农民自身因素的影响.顺应劳动力转移规律和自身经济发展状况,湖北应注重中小城市的建设,大力发展劳动密集型企业和外向型企业,增强湖北经济实力,为湖北农村劳动力转移提供更多的就业机会和就业岗位.同时进行政策与制度创新,建立农村劳动力技能培训机制、社会保障机制、信息传导机制以及统筹城乡居民的管理机制等.%The majority of rural labor in Hubei province transfer to the outside of the province. The inter-provincial transfer showed an imbalance phenomenon, the rural labors in Hubei province mainly transferred to the middle cities in the eastern China. The causes for area distribution of rural labor in Hubei province were analyzed from economics. The results showed that farmers' immigration decision is rational, which accord with maximization of theirs income. The rural labor transfer related to the developmental level of regional economy. The transfer will increase the elasticity of income gap, and the increasing gap of economy and income between provinces will directly influences the move in amount of rural labors. Besides opportunity cost, the rural labor transfer is influenced by living cost in move in area, spatial distance between two places and self-factors of farmers. Therefore, in order to provide more employment opportunities and employment posts for the rural labor

  3. Removal of High -Concentration and Refractory Organic Matter from Diosgenin Manufacture Wastewater : a case study of a demonstration project in Hubei Province, P R China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bao, J.; Wang, L.

    2009-12-01

    Wastewater from diosgenin manufacture is dark brown (3,500 ~4,000 times of the chroma) and acidic(pH=0.8~1.5)with high concentration of organic matter(COD=25,000~38,000 mg/L)and poor biodegradability(BOD5/COD= 0.25~0.30). It is highly toxic to biota due to the water-soluble saponin, tannins and pectin. Therefore removal of the organic matter is of great importance before the discharge of the wastewater into the environment. Here we presented a set of data from a demonstration project in Hubei province, P R China with an improved technics. This technics, focusing on the treatment of diosgenin wastewater, included hydrolytic acidification, internal electrolysis, neutralization, aerating-improved Up-flow Anaerobic Sludge Bed (UASB) and bio-contact oxidation treatment in sequence to remove the organic matter. After 60 days of starting-up, the water quality from hydrolytic acidification reactor was greatly improved. The effluent became clear, indicating the obvious removal of suspended solids in the water; the ratio of BOD/COD increased to 0.44, suggesting an significant increase of biodegradability; the content of volatile fatty acid (VFA) increased from 22.6 mmol/L to 86.8 mmol/L and the volume loading of COD reached 9.48 kg COD/(m3d). Basically at this stage the removal efficiency of COD was stabilized at 25%. Further treatment was conducted on the effluent from hydrolytic acidification reactor through the Improved UASB Reactor after the internal electrolysis and neutralization. The Improved UASB Reactor can start up at room temperature with an influent of 1,500 mg/L COD and inflow rate of 50(m3/d). Then, temperature was increased gradually to 38 oC (± 2 oC) to optimize the growth of the mesophilic anaerobes in the reactor. The content of VFA of the effluent was controlled below 8 mmol/L to guarantee the pH in the range of 6.8~7.2. After 150 days of debugging, the COD of the influent to UASB increased to 9,600 mg/L, hydraulic retaining time (HRT) was around 70 hrs

  4. Study on Classification and Evaluation of Rural Tourism Resources in Hubei Province%湖北省乡村旅游资源分类与评价研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李会琴; 王林; 宋慧冰; 熊剑平

    2016-01-01

    乡村旅游是我国当前旅游发展的热点之一,乡村旅游资源分类与评价是合理开发、科学规划乡村旅游的基础。根据资源的价值和功能,构建了湖北省乡村旅游资源分类体系,包括8个主类,18个亚类,41个基本类型。湖北省乡村旅游资源特色突出,四季赏花资源丰富,千湖之省水乡风光典型,乡村文化深远且地域差异明显。在此基础上,提出了乡村旅游资源定量评价方法与标准,并对湖北省乡村旅游资源结构、等级、地域分布进行了评价,最后提出了湖北省乡村旅游发展的相关策略。%Rural tourism is one of the hot‐spots of tourism development in our country .The classification and evaluation of rural tourism resources are the basis of reasonable planning and scientific development for rural tourism .Hubei province is of great abundance of rural tourism resources .According to the value and function of rural tourism resources ,this paper built the classification system of rural tourism resources ,including 8 main types ,18 sub‐types ,41 basic types .Generally ,rural tourism resources in Hubei have such main features as colorful flowers for sightseeing ,typical villages with various lakes ,rural hotels with local cultures being in bloom . Furthermore ,this paper proposed evaluation methods and standards ,concerning the structure ,grades ,regional distribution of rural tourism resources in Hubei Province .Finally ,the corresponding development strategies of rural tourism resources in Hubei Province were put forward .

  5. Elite Sport Echelon Construction and Sustainable Development of Elite Sports in Hubei Province%精兵梯队建设与湖北省竞技体育可持续发展的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董芹芹

    2012-01-01

    "Elite Sport Echelon" is firstly proposed and devised by Hu Dechun in 2010,who is the Chief Director of Hubei Administration of Sport.After it was put forward,the concept rapidly became the strategic guideline of Hubei competitive sport,and is promoted from top to downward in Hubei athletics sports domain.In order to comprehend the connotation of "Elite Sport Echelon" profoundly,and straighten out the strategic relations between Elite Sport Echelon Construction and sustainable development of Hubei athletics sports,using the methodology of expert interview and multi-angle in-depth investigation,this article analyzes the intension of "Elite Sport Echelon" and athletics sports' sustainable development,analyzes the strategic significance of Elite Sport Echelon Construction to Hubei Province athletics sports' sustainable development,finds out the four core relations worthy of great attention,and finally put forward constructive countermeasures.%"精兵梯队"这一战略构想由湖北省体育局局长胡德春于2010年首次提出,此概念一经提出迅速成为湖北省竞技体育发展的战略指南,在湖北竞技体育领域自上而下得到层层推进。为了深刻领悟"精兵梯队"的深层内涵,厘清精兵梯队建设与湖北竞技体育可持续发展间的战略关系,借助专家访谈和多层面深度调研,剖析"精兵梯队"和竞技体育可持续发展的内涵,分析精兵梯队建设对湖北省竞技体育可持续发展的战略意义,指出湖北省竞技体育精兵梯队建设要处理好的四大关系,并提出对策建议。

  6. Present situation of school PE in independent institutes of Hubei province%湖北省独立学院学校体育现状调查与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲁葵蓉; 李书安; 叶继强; 李凡

    2011-01-01

    采用文献资料、问卷调查、访谈调查、数理统计等研究方法,对湖北省独立学院学校体育行政管理、教学、师资、课外活动、场地器材等现状进行全面调查和分析。探索促进湖北省独立学院学校体育科学化、规范化、健康化发展的有效途径,为相关部门制定湖北省独立学院学校体育发展规划提供参考意见。%This article uses many research techniques, such as literature, questionnaire survey, interview investigation, mathematical statistics, to carry on the overall statistical survey to the present situation of PE in independent institutes of Hubei province. It analyses the present situations of independent institute PE 's administration, teaching, teachers, extraeurrieular activity and location equipment. This article also explores the efficient path of promoting the independent institute PE more scientific, standardized, and the health development. And it provides the advisory opinion for the related department to working out the independent institute PE's development project of Hubei province.

  7. RESEARCH ON SPATIAL-TEMPORAL CHARACTERISTICS AND DECOUPLING ELASTICITY IN AGRICULTURAL LAND USE CARBON EMISSION IN HUBEI PROVINCE%湖北省农地利用碳排放时空特征与脱钩弹性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田云; 张俊飚; 李波

    2012-01-01

    Based on six kinds of mainly carbon source, such as chemical fertilizer, pesticide, farming film, agricultural diesel,tilling and paddy field, the research calculated the amount of agricultural land use carbon emission in Hubei Province during the period of 1995--2009, as well as 16 cities of Hubei Province in 2008. The results showed that the agricultural land use carbon emission and carbon emission intensity in Hubei Province presented three-stage-characteristic, namely "rise-decline-rise". The regional difference was very obvious. The amount of agricultural land carbon emission in Jianghan Plain and northeast of Hubei Province was high,while in west and southeast was low;the agricultural land use carbon emission intensity in east of Hubei Province was the highest,followed by middle zone,and the west zone was the lowest. Further more,the decoupling relationship between agricultural land use carbon emission and agricultural economic development was analyzed by Tapio decoupling model, and the results indicated that the relationship mostly were weak decoupling and strong decoupling. Thus,it's easy to know that land use carbon reduction achieved certain results in recent years.%基于化肥、农药、农膜、农用柴油、翻耕、稻田6个主要方面的碳源,测算了湖北省1995~2009年及其地、市、州2008年的农地利用碳排放量。结果表明:(1)自1995年以来,湖北农地利用碳排量总体呈现“上升下降-上升”的三阶段特征,其碳排放强度变化轨迹与此基本一致。(2)区域差异明显:农地碳排放总量,江汉平原、鄂东北地区高,鄂西、鄂东南地区较低;农地碳排放强度,总体呈现东高西低的特征,即鄂东〉鄂中〉鄂西。进一步运用Tapio脱钩模型对湖北省农地利用碳排放与农业经济发展间的脱钩关系进行了研究,发现以弱脱钩和强脱钩为主,可见近些年来农地利用碳减排取得了一定成效。

  8. 湖北宣恩火腿基本成分分析%Proximate Composition Analysis of Xuanen Ham from Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔莹莹; 何乐; 王海滨; 胥伟; 陈季旺

    2015-01-01

    The contents of water, protein, fat, amino acids, fatty acids and other components in the biceps femorismuscle of Xuanen ham from Hubei province were measured. Results showed that Xuanen ham was rich in nutrients which contained water 55.18%, protein 22.80%, and fat 21.55% at pH 6.35. There were 17 kinds of amino acids detected in the ham, including 7 kinds of essential amino acids, representing 29.47% of the total amino acids; and 10 kinds of non-essential amino acids, accounting for 70.53% of the total amino acids. The main free amino acids present in Xuanen ham inlucded Ala, Pro, Leu, Val, Ile and Phe, and the main fatty acids included C16:0, C18:1andC18:2.%以湖北宣恩火腿为原料,测定其股二头肌部位的水分、蛋白质、脂肪、氨基酸、脂肪酸等含量。结果表明:宣恩火腿营养丰富,基本成分含量:水分55.18%、蛋白质22.80%、脂肪21.55%,pH 6.35;宣恩火腿中被检测出的氨基酸17种,必需氨基酸7种,占总氨基酸含量的29.47%;非必需氨基酸10种,占总氨基酸含量的70.53%;含量较高的游离氨基酸有Ala、Pro、Leu、Val、Ile和Phe;含量较高的脂肪酸有棕榈酸(C16∶0)、油酸(C18∶1)和亚油酸(C18∶2)。

  9. Design and Implementation of Afforestation Projcet Management System in Hubei Province%湖北智慧造林工程管理系统的设计与实现∗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁传武; 罗勇; 黄光体; 刘永杰

    2016-01-01

    根据湖北省造林特点,基于湖北林业专网,以湖北省林业厅数据中心为核心,采用面向服务架构、异构空间数据共享、瓦片地图与地图服务联动更新以及在线分析处理等关键技术,设计开发了湖北智慧造林系统。该系统将各类造林工程信息及核查信息进行了统一管理,建立了以造林小班为主体的全省统一的造林数据库,形成了全省造林数据“一张图”,实现了造林业务流程化管理和造林数据的共享与开放,提高了造林数据的权威性与真实性,对造林成果实现了实时快速输出,为湖北造林信息化管理和科学决策提供了技术支撑。%According to the characteristics of Hubei afforestation and based on the forestry private-network and adop-ting the data center of Hubei Provincial Forestry Department as the core and using the technologies of service-oriented ar-chitecture (SOA),heterogeneous spatial data sharing (Service GIS),tile map (Tile Map)linkage map update service and online analytical processing (OLAP)and son on,we designed and developed the Hubei afforestation information manage-ment system.This system realized a unified management for all kinds of the information and its verification information of afforestation project and set up the unified reforestation database,which used the plant small class as the main body,a-mong the province and formed“a map”including entire afforestation data all over the province and realized the sharing of the open data of the forestry business process management and afforestation dataand improved the authority and authen-ticity of the afforestation data and achieve the real-time and fast output of the reforestation achievements and provided the technical support for Hubei afforestation information management and scientific decision-making.

  10. Inventory of CO2 emissions driven by energy consumption in Hubei Province: a time-series energy input-output analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jiashuo; Luo, Ran; Yang, Qing; Yang, Haiping

    2016-12-01

    Based on an input-output analysis, this paper compiles inventories of fuel-related CO2 emissions of Hubei economy in the years of 2002, 2005, and 2007. Results show that calculated total direct CO2 emissions rose from 114,462.69 kt (2002) to 196,650.31 kt (2005), reaching 210,419.93 kt in 2007, with an average 22.50% rate of increase. Raw coal was the dominant source of the direct emissions throughout the three years. The sector of Electric Power, Heat Production, and Supply was the main direct emissions contributor, with the largest intensities observed from 2002 (1192.97 g/CNY) to 2007 (1739.15 g/ CNY). From the industrial perspective, the secondary industry, which is characterized as manufacture of finished products, was still the pillar of the Hubei economy during this period concerned, contributing more than 80% of the total direct emissions. As a net exporter of embodied CO2 emissions in 2002 and 2007, Hubei reported net-exported emissions of 4109.00 kt and 17,871.77 kt respectively; however, Hubei was once a net importer of CO2 emissions in 2005 (2511.93 kt). The CO2 emissions embodied in export and fixed capital formation had the two leading fractions of emissions embodied in the final use. The corresponding countermeasures, such as promoting renewable and clean energy and properly reducing the exports of low value added and carbon-intensive products are suggestions for reducing CO2 emissions in Hubei.

  11. A LYCOPSID PLANT FROM THE UPPER DEVONIAN OF CHANGYANG, HUBEI PROVINCE, CHINA%湖北长阳上泥盆统一种石松植物

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛进庄; 郝守刚

    2007-01-01

    描述一种采自湖北上泥盆统弗拉阶黄家蹬组中的石松植物.该植物茎轴纤细.叶基纺锤形,螺旋排列.叶线形,叶缘具刺.具顶生的孢子叶球.其孢子叶匙状或披针形,边缘具刺.孢子囊呈圆形或椭圆形.植物茎具原生中柱.原生木质部呈小脊状位于中柱边缘.后生木质部管胞由梯纹分子组成,在加厚棒之间没有类似"威廉姆逊纹"的连接物.该植物与采自湖南中泥盆统基维特阶的Longostachys(Zhu,Hu and Feng)Cai and Chen可比较.它们在茎轴、线形和具刺的叶、纺锤形和螺旋排列的叶基、匙状披针形的孢子叶,以及叶、叶基和孢子叶的度量等特征方面均非常相似.两者在解剖特征上存有差别,即当前植物不具次生木质部,不具髓,后生木质部加厚棒之间不具连接物.考虑到现有特征并不足以建立新属种,暂归入cf.Longostachys sp.%A lycopsid plant with preserved morphology and anatomy is described from the Huangjiadeng Formation (Frasnian) of Hubei Province. Its stems are slender. The leaf bases are spindle in shape, and arranged in helices. Leaves are persistent and spiny. This plant bears distal cones. Sporophyll is spoon-like and lanceolate in form,with spines along its margins. Sporangia are circular or elliptical in surface view. In anatomy, the stem has a solid strand of exarch primary xylem. Protoxylem tracheids, composed of annular or helical elements, appear as minute ridges on the stele periphery. Metaxylem tracheids are composed of scalariform elements, showing no connecting "Williamson's striations" between the bars. The shared characteristics of the present plant and Longostachys (Zhu,Hu and Feng) Cai and Chen, from the upper Middle Devonian (Givetian) of Hunan Province, lie in linear and spiny leaves, spindle-shaped and helically arranged leaf bases, spoon-like or lanceolate sporophylls; further more, the dimensions of leaves, leaf bases and sporophyll are also quite alike. However

  12. Analysis on Cointegration of Farmers' Permanent Income and Consumption in Hubei Province%湖北农村居民持久收入与消费的协整分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭更臣; 彭代彦

    2011-01-01

    It is generally believed that permanent income is the basic factor to determine residents' consumption demand. Based on the annual statistical data of permanent income and consumption expenditure of rural residents in Hubei province from1978 to 2009, this paper analyzes the cointegration of actual permanent income and consumption of rural residents in Hubei province. The result shows that the longterm and short-term consumption elasticity of rural residents in Hubei province is 0. 8571 and 0. 727 8 respectively,which indicates that relationship between long-term equilibrium and short-term fluctuations exists and permanent income is the decisive factor in affecting consumption demand. Consequently, this paper puts forward corresponding policy suggestion that it is quite necessary to greatly enhance the permanent income of rural residents so as to activate rural consumer market and fundamentally increase the consumption of rural residents.%一般认为,持久收入是决定居民消费需求的基本因素。采用湖北省1978-2009年的农村居民持久收入与消费支出的年度统计数据,对湖北省农村居民的实际持久收入与消费进行协整分析。结果发现,湖北省农村居民的长期和短期消费弹性分别是0.857和0.728,二者之间存在着长期均衡和短期波动调整关系,持久收入是影响消费需求的决定性因素。在此基础上,提出相应政策建议,即大力提高农村居民的持久收入,从根本上激活农村消费市场和提高农村居民的消费水平。

  13. 2008-2012年湖北省麻疹野病毒分子流行病学研究%Molecular epidemiological study of measles viruses isolated in Hubei province during 2008-2012

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷亚克; 戴莹; 李静; 李国明; 张燕; 王慧玲; 许文波

    2015-01-01

    Objective To understand the genetic characteristics of wild measles virus in Hubei province during 2008-2012.Methods To collect throat swab specimens from measles outbreak or sporadic cases in Hubei province during 2008-2012,and perform viral isolation using Vero/SLAM cell,then genotype identification and phylogenetic analysis were performed.Results 26 measles virus strains were isolated from clinical specimens collected in the 9 cities in Hubei province from 2008-2012,they all belong to H1a subgenotype within the wild type measles viruses of H1 genotype,no imported genotypes were found.The nucleotide and amino acid identities among 26 measles virus strains of H1 a subgenotype were for 97.1%-100% and 95.3%-100%,respectively.And compared with the Chinese vaccine strain (Shanghai191 strain),the nucleotide and amino acid identity were 91.8%-92.5% and 87.4%-90.0%,respectively.Genetic phylogenetic analysis showed that all 26 measles virus strains belong to two different evolutionary branches,represent two transmission chains,and close to the measles virus isolated in other provinces in genetic phylogeny and endemic time.Conclusion H la subgenotype of measles virus continues to spread in Hubei province from 2008-2012,the measles viruses in Hubei province co-evolved with the viruses in other provinces in China.This study provides an important scientific basis for measles elimination in Hubei province.%目的 了解2008-2012年湖北省流行麻疹野病毒的基因特征.方法 采集2008-2012年间麻疹暴发或散发病例的咽拭子标本,使用Vero/SLAM细胞进行病毒分离,并对分离到的麻疹病毒进行基因型的鉴定和基因亲缘关系分析.结果 2008-2012年从湖北省共9个地市采集的339份临床标本中分离到26株麻疹病毒株,均属于麻疹野病毒H1基因型中的H1a基因亚型,未发现输入基因型麻疹病毒.26株H1a基因亚型麻疹病毒株的核苷酸和氨基酸之间的同源性分别为97.1%~100

  14. Community Composition and Structure of Phoebe zhennan Forest in Enshi, Hubei Province%湖北恩施桢楠林群落组成与结构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王琦; 李因刚; 柳新红; 吴代坤; 刘芳齐; 何云核

    2013-01-01

    The vegetation of Phoebe zhennan forest is protected very well in Enshi of Hubei Province. A survey of community composition and structure of Phoebe zhennan in Enshi was conducted through survey sampling. The results show that there are 332 species of vascular plants belonging to 229 genera of 97 families in the P. zhennan forest. Many genera contain only one species. The dominant families include Rosaceae, Gramineae, Leguminosae, Liliaceae, etc. By the statistics of species abundance, basal area, mean DBH( diameter at breast height)≥2.5 cm, and important value, it shows that the pioneer species P. zhennan is the dominant species in arbor layer. The floristic characteristics indicate that the tropical elements are more than temperate elements. The proportion of the pantropic type is the greatest, the number of the tropic elements are more than temperate ones. The community could be divided into three layers including arbors, shrubs and herbs. The structure of DBH size-class of all species in the plot generally appears increase, which indicates normal community growth. The size-class structure of main species showed a growing or stable type. The shrub layer is relatively abundant in species, the diversity from high to low follows the order of shrub, herb and arbor.%利用群落生态学方法对恩施桢楠林群落组成与结构进行调查分析.结果表明:恩施桢楠林群落物种丰富,共有维管束植物97科229属332种,含有单种植物的属较多,优势科主要有蔷薇科、禾本科、豆科、百合科.乔木层(DBH≥2.5 cm)优势树种明显,从个体数、平均胸径、胸高断面积和重要值分析来看,桢楠(Phoebe zhennan)在群落中占绝对优势地位.群落区系类型以热带成分较多,93属是热带分布,90属是温带分布.群落成层现象明显,可划分为乔木层、灌木层和草本层.样地内所有木本植物的径级分布呈峰型,表明群落正常生长;从主要树种的径级

  15. Study on the “3F-in-1” Sustainable Reconstruction of Rural Architecture from Placeality Perspective--A Case Study of Caiyuan Village in Jingmen City, Hubei Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fangyu, Fu; Yu, Cao

    2017-05-01

    This paper takes Caiyuan Village in Jingmen City of Hubei Province as the research object, analyzes the production, life and ecological functions of rural buildings and the “3F-in-1” inherent mechanism from the local perspective. Based on the concept analysis of placeality and “3F-in-1”, this paper clarifies the relationship among the value of life function, production function, ecological function so as to analyze the “3F-in-1” mode of rural architecture with placeality. On this basis, this thesis puts forward the strategy of sustainable spatial transformation (1) preserve the traditional overall spatial structure of villages, (2) improve the adaptability and function of rural architecture, (3) extend the rural social culture, (4) pay attention to local perception, with a view to explore an organic system design method for the exhibition of placeality and sustainable development of beautiful countryside.

  16. Research on the Development of Rural Tourism:Take Enshi of Hubei Province for a Example%乡村旅游业发展问题初探--以湖北省恩施州为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何蓉

    2014-01-01

    Enshi prefecture of Hubei province located in Hunan, Hubei, Chongqing provinces interchange, has superior conditions to develop rural tourism. The short-term rural tourism development has become a highlight of tourism in Enshi prefecture. But the position and role of rural tourism in Enshi rural economy are not widely known and many problems in the development process have not caused enough attention. Only by strengthening government guidance and support, by leading of Rural Tourism Association and coordination of farmers, scientifically planning rural tourism development , Enshi rural tourism can be promoted to develop healthily.%地处湘、鄂、渝三省交汇处的湖北省恩施州有着发展乡村旅游的优越条件,经短期开发乡村旅游便已成为恩施州旅游业的一大亮点。但是乡村旅游在恩施州农村经济中应有的地位和作用,还没有广泛地为人们所认识,发展过程中存在的诸多问题还没有引起应有的重视。只有加强政府主导和支持,乡村旅游协会引导和农户配合,科学规划乡村旅游发展思路,才能不断推动恩施州乡村旅游业的良性发展。

  17. Study on the econometric model of industrial wastewater pollutants and economic growth in Hubei Province%湖北省工业废水污染物与经济增长计量模型研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊茜; 张圣虎; 李政; 黄华

    2012-01-01

    Based on the theory of Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) and economic data of Hubei Province from 1999 to 2009, the paper simulated the relationship between industrial wastewater pollutants and economic growth. The results indicated that the EKC of industrial wastewater quantity and COD in industrial wastewater showed an "inverted N" shape; the EKC of volatile phenol, petroleum and NH3 -N in industrial wastewater all showed a straight line shape; the EKC of Pb in industrial wastewater showed a "U" shape. According to the results, the paper analyzed characteristic of EKC and provided inspiration and scientific basis for the coordinated development of environmental protection and economic development in Hubei Province.%根据环境库兹涅茨理论(Environmental Kuznets Curve,EKC),基于1999~2009年湖北省环境经济数据,对工业废水污染物与经济增长的关系进行回归模拟.研究结果表明,工业废水排放量和工业废水中COD的EKC曲线呈倒N型;工业废水中挥发酚、石油类和氨氮的EKC曲线呈直线型;工业废水中铅的EKC曲线呈U型.根据模拟结果分析了EKC曲线特征,为湖北省的环境保护与经济建设协调发展提供一定的启发作用和科学依据.

  18. Research on The Present Situation And Countermeasures of Table Tennis Sports for The Disabled in Hubei Province%湖北省残疾人乒乓球运动开展现状与对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈磊

    2016-01-01

    目的:对湖北省残疾人乒乓球运动开展的现状进行调查研究,并提出相对应的对策建议。方法:通过湖北省残疾人乒乓球运动员在近年参加的全国重要残疾人比赛当中的成绩表现,分析其参与残疾人乒乓球竞技运动的现状。结果:(1)湖北省残疾人乒乓球运动训练方法、手段陈旧;(2)“残疾人运动普通化”可以优化乒乓球训练模式、提高训练效果。结论:“残疾人运动普通化”可以有效提高湖北省残疾人乒乓球运动员运动成绩。%This paper is aimed at investigating the current situation of development of table tennis for the disabled in Hubei province,and putting forward corresponding countermeasures.And it analyzes the present situation based on performance of the disabled table tennis athletes taking part in national competitions in recent years.And it shows that:(1)training methods are stale;(2)the “Disabled Sports Generalization”can optimize the table tennis training mode and improve training results. Thus, it draws a conclusion: the “Disabled Sports Generalization”can effectively improve the disabled table tennis athletes'achievement in Hubei Province.

  19. Exploration on the Scientific and Technological Innovation and the Protection of Intellectual Property Rights in Uni-versities of Hubei Province%湖北省高校科技创新与知识产权保护探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张宇清

    2015-01-01

    The new century is a new era of knowledge economy whose soul is scientific and technological innovation. In order to enhance the scientific and technological innovation capacity of u-niversities and protect their enthusiasm for scientific and techno-logical innovation, it is necessary to protect the intellectual prop-erty rights of universities. Hubei Province is a large province of science and technology with strong scientific research ability and rich scientific research achievements which are the backbone of the social and economic development of Hubei Province. But through investigation and statistics,the writer found that there are still some problems in the protection of intellectual property rights by universities in our province. By analyzing the present situation and reasons, this paper puts forward some constructive suggestions on the protection of intellectual property rights by the current universities in scientific and technological innovation.%新世纪是知识经济的时代,科技创新是知识经济的核心。为了提高高校的科技创新能力,为了保护高校科技创新的积极性,加强高等学校的知识产权保护十分必要。湖北省是科教大省,科研实力雄厚,科研成果丰硕,是湖北省社会经济发展的中坚力量。但笔者通过调查统计,发现我省高校在科技创新过程中对于知识产权的保护工作仍存在一些问题,本文通过分析现状及原因,就现阶段高校在科技创新中的知识产权保护工作提出一些建设性的意见。

  20. Local knowledge, attitude and practices (KAPs) on malaria: A baseline study of caochong village in Hubei Province, China%湖北疟疾高传播地区疟防知识、态度和行为研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏志贵; 张华勋; 陈开军; 苏国安; 陈发锋; 黄光全; 汤林华

    2007-01-01

    Objective To determine the social and behavioral factors that may contribute to high malaria incidence in the Anopheles sinensis areas of Hubei Province and provide the baseline data for designing an appropriate operational research strategy to improve the malaria situation in central part of China. Methods From June 23 to July 28 of 2004, the social and behavioral data associated with the acquisition, transmission, diagnosis and treatment, prevention and control of malaria were collected from Caochong, one of the hyperendemic villages in Hubei province, through one Focus Group Discussion (FGD) with malaria control service personnel from township hospital and county CDC, one FGD with the village leaders, and one household survey with the randomly sampled 201 questionnaire respondents. Results More than 70% of the respondents linked malaria with mosquito bites, while 30.8% of the respondents described the local misconceptions, and 13.9% of the respondents did not know any information on malaria infection and transmission. About 97% of the respondents knew repeated fever and chill were the common symptoms of malaria, 77.1% of the people would seek treatment at the village clinics once they had contracted malaria. The rates of households using bed nets and mosquitocide or mosquito incense was more than 95% and 81% respectively, while 98.0% of the respondents thought of taking the antimalarials as the first way to prevent from malaria infection. The private doctors had no microscopes or Rapid Diagnostic Tests (RDTs) and they always prefer to give antibiotics and febrifuge treatment to the patient without typical malaria symptoms. The private doctors would not like to report the cases they diagnosed because this is time-consuming and not economically rewarding. The salary for the malaria control professionals at grassroots level was low, and the phenomenon of the brain drain was common. Conclusion Villagers' beliefs and practices reflect dualistic system where the

  1. SHRIMP zircon U-Pb dating for volcanic rocks of the Dasi Formation in southeast Hubei Province, middle-lower reaches of the Yangtze River and its implications

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XIE Guiqing; MAO Jingwen; LI Ruiling; ZHOU Shaodong; YE Huishou; YAN Quanren; ZHANG Zusong

    2006-01-01

    The Jinniu Basin in southeast Hubei,located at the westernmost part of middle-lower valley of the Yangtze River, is one of the important volcanic basins in East China. Volcanic rocks in the Jinniu Basin are distributed mainly in the Majiashan Formation, the Lingxiang Formation and the Dasi Formation, consisting of rhyolite, basalt and basaltic andesite, (trachy)-basalt and basaltic trachy-andesite and (trachy)-andesite and (trachy)-dacite and rhyolite respectively, in which the Dasi volcanism is volumetrically dominant and widespread. The Dasi volcanic rocks were selected for SHRIMP zircon U-Pb dating to confirm the timing of volcanism. The results indicate that there exist a large amount of magmatic zircons characterized by high U and Th contents in the volcanic rocks. The concordia ages for 13 points are 128±1Ma (MSWD = 3.0). On account of the shape of zircons and Th/U ratios, this age is considered to represent the crystallization time of the Dasi volcanism. The volcanic rocks in the Dasi, Majiashan and Lingxiang Formations share similar trace element and REE partition patterns as well as Sr-Nd isotopic compositions. In combination with the regional geology, it is proposed that the southeast Hubei volcanic rocks were formed mainly during the Early Cretaceous, just like other volcanic basins in middle-lower Yangtze valley. A lithospheric extension is also suggested for tectonic regime in this region in the Cretaceous Period.

  2. 湖北省潜在蒸散估算模型对比%Comparison of Models for Estimating Potential Evapotranspiration in Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦鹏程; 刘敏; 刘志雄; 邓环; 邓爱娟; 汤阳

    2014-01-01

    利用湖北省74个气象站1961~2011年逐日气象资料,通过与 FAO56-Penman -Monteith (FAO-PM)模型潜在蒸散估算结果对比,从月、季、年际变化及不同干湿状况条件比较了Priestley-Taylor、Hargreaves及Thornthwaite 3种简化的经验模型在湖北省的适用性。结果表明:3种简化模型与FAO-PM模型计算的逐月潜在蒸散均存在一定偏差,Thornthwaite模型偏差最大且冬夏季偏差反位相,Priestley-Taylor模型偏差最小,Hargreaves模型各月间的偏差最为稳定。3种简化模型与FAO-PM模型估算结果具有良好的线性关系,且在各区域间相对稳定,但不同季节和干湿状况下各有差异,其中Hargreaves模型各季节间和不同干湿状况下与FAO-PM模型的关系均最为稳定。在年际变化上,Priestley-Taylor和Hargreaves模型与FAO-PM模型计算结果年际波动基本一致,Thornthwaite模型与FAO-PM模型计算结果尽管在量值上较为接近,但年际波动偏小;Priestley-Taylor和FAO-PM模型年潜在蒸散趋势变化基本一致,Hargreaves模型年潜在蒸散趋势变化微弱,而Thornthwaite模型年潜在蒸散趋势变化与FAO-PM模型相反。建议在湖北省气象资料匮乏或不便应用的情况下,作物模拟模型及气候变化等研究中采用Priestley-Taylor估算模型,日常干旱监测及水资源规划中采用Hargreaves模型,干湿气候区划等工作中可采用Thornthwaite模型。同时,使用中应基于FAO-PM模型对经验模型进行适当订正,模型订正应建立在季节或月尺度。%Based on the daily meteorological data from 1961 to 2011 of 74 stations in Hubei Province,FAO56 -Penman-Monteith (FAO-PM)equation and three other empirical equations according to Priestley-Taylor,Hargreaves and Thornthwaite were used to estimate the monthly potential evapotranspiration (PET),and the applicability of the three empirical equations were evaluated by com-paring with the FAO

  3. 药用植物拉丁学名中采用湖北地名为种加词的探究%Probe into Specific Epithet in the Scientific Name of Medicinal Plants by Using Place Names from Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱忠华; 肖梦媛; 任德全; 罗超; 寿华

    2016-01-01

    通过对我国的《中国植物志》及中国自然标本馆等文献调研,整理和统计药用植物拉丁学名的种加词,采用湖北地区的地理名称拉丁化处理的词,从而了解与重视湖北地区的药用植物资源,并对今后湖北地区药用植物资源的开发、保护与利用提供借鉴。%Through the literature research of Flora of Republicae Popublaris Sinicae and the Chinese Field herbarium etc,the paper tries to collect and analyze Specific Epithet of scientific name of Medici-nal Plants for Using Place Names from Hubei Province processed by Latin words.On the other hand, it emphasizes to understand and pay attention to medicinal plant resources of Hubei province.Mean-while,it is essential to sustain the future development of medicinal plant resources in Hubei province. Finally,the paper advocates the protection and wise use for medical resources.

  4. 地方本科院校转型职业教育发展研究--以湖北省为例%Research of the Local Undergraduate Colleges Transform to Vocational Education Development---Take Hubei Province as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊健民; 张清; 邹军华

    2014-01-01

    This paper takes hubei province as an example within the combination of qualitative and quantitative methods in order to explore how local undergraduate colleges transform to the vocational education, the article analyzes the opportunity;the faced problems and the approaches to the problems during the local undergraduate colleges’trans-formation of hubei province. The research suggests that in hubei province should seize the opportunity of development, look for accurate position, walks the road of characteristic and difference, so as to establish the modern vocational edu-cation system.%以湖北省为例,以定性和定量相结合的方法对地方本科院校如何转型职业教育发展进行深入调查和研究,从湖北省地方本科院校转型职业教育的契机分析、面临的困境和解决困境的措施三个方面进行探讨。研究认为,湖北省应抓住发展机遇,找准定位,走特色差异发展之路,以此建立现代职业教育体系。

  5. 湖北省2006-2007年监测点居民伤害死因分析%Analysis on the Causes of Injury Death of Surveillance Residents in Hubei Province from 2006 to 2007

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孔德广; 张庆军; 申幸福; 崔晓晨; 郭毅

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To analyze the causes of injury death and study the potential life lost of surveillance residents in Hubei province, and to provide basis for prevention &- control and data for policy-making. Methods: The mortality and potential years of life lost (PYLL) were calculated by collecting injury death data from the death registry system in Hubei province from 2006 to 2007. Results: The cases which died of injury were account for 5 994, the gross mortality was 61. 45 per 100 000 from 2006 to 2007(standardized mortality was 58. 26 per 100 000), of which 3 725 were male and 2 269 were female, the gross mortality of male was 74. 53 per 100 000 and female's was 47. 71 per 100 000 (standardized mortalities were 68. 78 per 100 000 and 46.14 per 100 000). The mortality of male was higher than that of female. The first five causes of injury death were as follows: suicide, traffic accident, falls, drowning and crush injury. The top five causes of PYLL were as follows: traffic accident, suicide, drowning, falls and crush injured. Conclusion; The main causes of injury death of surveillance residents were traffic accident, suicide, drowning, falls and crush injury in Hubei province. Traffic accident and suicide were mainly leading to premature death and life losses.%目的:了解湖北省监测点居民伤害死因及潜在寿命损失状况,为预防控制提供科学依据。方法:采用死亡率与潜在减寿年数(PYLL)等指标对湖北省2006-2007年监测点居民伤害死亡资料进行分析。结果:监测点居民伤害死亡5994例,粗死亡率为61.45/10万(标化死亡率为58.26/10万),其中男性3 725例、女性2 269例,粗死亡率分别为74.53/10万、47.71/10万(标化死亡率分别为68.78/10万、46.14/10万),男性高于女性。伤害死因前5位依次是自杀、交通事故、意外跌落、溺水和砸伤压伤;以PYLL计,前5位依次为交通事故、自杀、溺水、意外跌落和砸伤压伤。各年龄段伤

  6. 湖北省部分地区2010年蚊传虫媒病毒调查%Investigation of arbovirus in some areas of Hubei province, 2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高晓艳; 付士红; 邹文菁; 彭延; 刘红; 曹玉玺; 江永忠; 梁国栋

    2015-01-01

    Objective To continue the investigation on the distribution of mosquito⁃borne arbovirus in some areas of Hubei province. Methods Mosquitoes were collected from Enshi state, Shennongjia forest region, Jiangling county and Suizhou city in the summer of 2010. Virus was isolated from these mosquitoes by cell culture. The virus isolates were identified by serological and molecular biological methods, and phylogenetic analysis was conducted on virus genome sequences. Results 12 845 mosquitoes were collected. 38 virus strains were isolated from mosquitoes. Through serological and molecular biological identification, 32 strains were identified as Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), 5 were Getah virus (GETV), 1 was mixed strain of JEV and GETV. Phylogenetic analysis on E sequence of JEV showed all JEV strains belonged to genotypeⅠ JEV, and analysis on NS2 sequence of GETV showed new strains that were homogenous with strains isolated from Hebei and South Korea, but heterogeneous with strain from Russia. Conclusion GETV was firstly isolated from Hubei province, and genotypeⅠJEV was re⁃confirmed from Hubei province.%目的:继续调查湖北省蚊媒和病毒种类及其分布状况。方法2010年夏季在湖北省恩施州、神农架林区、江陵县和随州市采集蚊虫标本,用组织培养法分离病毒,用血清学和分子生物学方法对阳性病毒分离物进行鉴定,利用生物信息学软件对新分离病毒进行序列同源性和系统进化分析。结果采集到3属4种12845只蚊虫标本,共分离到38株阳性分离物,经血清学和分子生物学鉴定,32株阳性分离物为流行性乙型脑炎病毒(JEV),5株阳性分离物为盖塔病毒,1株为JEV和盖塔病毒感染混合株。JEV E基因序列进化分析显示新分离JEV均为基因Ⅰ型JEV。盖塔病毒NS2基因序列进化分析显示新分离病毒与中国河北省和韩国毒株同源性最高,与俄罗斯分离株进化关系较远。结论

  7. Status analysis of psychological service in mental health institutions of Hubei Province%湖北省心理卫生机构开展心理服务现况分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汤世明; 王迎; 王晓萍; 宫璇; 王高华

    2015-01-01

    目的:了解湖北省精神卫生机构开展心理服务情况,为制定政策提供基础依据。方法采用自制调查表,对湖北省精神卫生机构提供心理卫生服务情况进行抽样调查。结果80%以上的精神卫生机构开展了心理咨询与治疗服务。54.1%机构月门诊量≤150人次,39.3%机构年门诊量≤1000人次;34.8%机构心理科床位数≤30张,37.0%机构年出院人数≤250人。精神科医师、心理师学历结构以本科为主(40.9%),职称以中级为主(36.9%),工作年龄以5年以下人员为主(32.4%);平均住院日均数42.6 d;心理病房收治病种,抑郁症、焦虑症、精神分裂症、双相障碍、强迫症分占前5位。结论目前湖北省心理卫生需求巨大,但心理机构服务能力及人力资源不足,且资源分配不均,素质偏低,需进一步针对性地加以改进。%Objective To understand the development of psychological service in mental health in‐stitutions of Hubei Province ,and provide evidences for enacting appropriate policy .Methods A sampling survey of psychological service at mental health institutions of Hubei Province was made by the self -made questionnaire .Results More than 80% of mental health institutions had developed the psychological counseling and treatment services .The outpatient's amount was less than or equal to 150 times/month in 54 .1% of mental health institutions ,the outpatient's amount was less than or equal to 1000 times/year in 39 .3% of mental health institutions ,the psychological department that only had less than or equal to 30 beds ,accounted for 34 .8% of mental health institutions ,and 37 .0% of institutions'discharged pa‐tients were less than or equal to 250 times/year .The major of educational degree of psychiatrists and psychologists was bachelor degree (40 .9% ) , and the major of title was intermediate certificate (36.9% ) ,the working experience

  8. Prevalence and risk factors of injury among children aged 0-14 years in Hubei province%湖北省0~14岁儿童伤害状况及危险因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张岚; 戴馨

    2012-01-01

    Objective To understand the epidemiological characteristics and risk factors of nonfatal injuries among children in Hubei province. Methods The questionnaire survey was conducted among 0 ~ 14 years old children's parents in 10 cities and counties of Hubei province by multistage stratified cluster sampling. Results There were 10 688 children collected in the survey, 5 894 children in cities and 4 794 children in counties. The incidence rate of nonfatal injuries was 19.0% , which was significantly higher in male than female ( OR = 1. 28) , in rural areas than in urban areas ( OR = 2. 58). The highest rate was at 6 - 11 years old group (23.7% ) , while the lowest rate was at 0 - 2 years old group (5.5% ). The top three types of injuries were unintentional fall (45.2% ) , burn or scald (9.5% ) and animal bites(9.5% ). About 79.6% injuries were superficial injury, 40.1% injuries happened at home/dorm. The risk factors of childhood injury were male, divorced/ separated/widowed parents, a large population of family, unemployed or retired mothers/home-makers. Conclusion Childhood injuries severely affect children's health in Hubei Province. The effects of childrens characteristics and family environment on injury should be considered.%目的 了解湖北省儿童伤害发生的流行病学特征和相关危险因素,为制定儿童伤害干预措施提供科学依据.方法 多阶段分层整群抽取湖北省10个市、县的0~14岁儿童家长进行回顾性问卷调查.结果 共调查儿童10 688名,城市5 894名,农村4 794名.儿童非致死性伤害发生率为19.0%,发生率男性高于女性(OR=1.28),农村高于城市(OR=2.58).6~11岁组的伤害率最高(23.7%),0~2岁组的伤害率最低(5.5%).前3位伤害类型依次为跌倒/坠落(45.2%)、烧烫伤(9.5%)和动物伤(9.5%).79.6%为轻度损伤,40.1%的伤害发生在家里/宿舍.男性、家庭人口数多、居室热水等摆放不合理、母亲无工作的儿

  9. Investigation and Analysis of Pharmaceutical Human Resources in 67 Hospitals in Hubei Province%湖北省67家医院药学人力资源现状调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付伟; 刘东; 杜光

    2013-01-01

    目的:了解湖北省医疗机构药学人力资源的现状,为医疗决策者提供医院药学人力资源的可靠信息.方法:采用问卷调查的方式,分析湖北省67家医院的药学部(药剂科)负责人的基本情况;医院药学专业岗位分布与药学人才的现状、存在的问题以及临床药师培养状况、存在的问题.结果:被调查医院药学部(科)负责人以副主任药师、硕士、年龄在40~ 50岁之间为主;药学人员主要以本科以下学历为主,缺乏高学历、高职称的药学人员;药学部(科)工作模式仍然以传统的药品供应保障模式为主,大部分药学人员从事药品调配工作,而承担临床药学工作的人员不足10%.结论:我省医院药学部(科)工作正处于供应保障模式向临床药学模式转变的初级阶段,应进一步合理配置医疗机构药学人力资源.%Objective:To explore the situation of pharmaceutical human resources in medical institutions in Hubei province to provide reliable information for medical policy-making authorities.Method:By the method of questionnaire,the situation and problems of directors of pharmacy department,distribution of pharmaceutical posts,pharmaceutical human resources and training of clinic pharmacists were investigated and analyzed in 67 hospitals in Hubei province.Result:The major directors of pharmacy department were 40-50 years old with the professional rank of associate chief pharmacist and master degree,while the majority of the other pharmacists were below bachelor degree.The work mode of pharmacy department was still in the traditional drug supply security,most of the staff was engaged in drug dispensing,and less than 10% of the staff was engaged in clinical pharmacy.Conclusion:The work mode of pharmacy department of Hubei province is in the converting primary stage from drug supply security to clinical pharmacy,and it's urgent to allocate the pharmaceutical human resources more rationally.

  10. Atmospheric PCO₂ perturbations associated with the Central Atlantic Magmatic Province.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaller, Morgan F; Wright, James D; Kent, Dennis V

    2011-03-18

    The effects of a large igneous province on the concentration of atmospheric carbon dioxide (PCO₂) are mostly unknown. In this study, we estimate PCO₂ from stable isotopic values of pedogenic carbonates interbedded with volcanics of the Central Atlantic Magmatic Province (CAMP) in the Newark Basin, eastern North America. We find pre-CAMP PCO₂ values of ~2000 parts per million (ppm), increasing to ~4400 ppm immediately after the first volcanic unit, followed by a steady decrease toward pre-eruptive levels over the subsequent 300 thousand years, a pattern that is repeated after the second and third flow units. We interpret each PCO₂ increase as a direct response to magmatic activity (primary outgassing or contact metamorphism). The systematic decreases in PCO₂ after each magmatic episode probably reflect consumption of atmospheric CO₂ by weathering of silicates, stimulated by fresh CAMP volcanics.

  11. 湖北省青少年网球运动员比赛流畅心理状态研究%Research on Adolescent Tennis Athletes' Flow Psychological State in Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王伟; 周曙; 张春合

    2016-01-01

    采用文献资料调研、心理测量、数理统计等方法以人口学为自变量对湖北省青少年网球运动员流畅状态进行研究。主要结论:湖北省青少年网球运动员流畅心理状态处于中等水平;性别变量中清晰目标、享受体验、时间变换和意识丧失维度存在显著差异,年龄组、训练年限和运动等级指标中共性显著性差异的维度是挑战技能平衡、行动意识融合、控制感和清晰反馈;建议对运动员技能训练的同时加大心理训练力度,提高运动员心理机能,促进流畅状态的出现于保持。%By using the methods of literature research, psychological measurement and mathematical statistics, the study on the flow state of the adolescent tennis players in Hubei province which was carried out with the demographic as the independent variable. Main conclusions: flow psychology state of young tennis players in Hubei Province is in the middle level; For gender, four dimensions(Clear goals, Autotelic experience, Transformation of time and Loss of self-consciousness) of the flow state were significant difference, For age, training time and competitive level, there were significant difference on four dimensions (Challenge-skills balance, Action-awareness merging, Sense of control and Unambiguous feedback).It suggests that skills training of athletes at the same time need to increase the intensity of the psychological training, to improve the athletes' psychological function, promote the flow state appears to keep.

  12. Cultivation of Reserve Talent in Dance Sport and the Sustainable Development in Hubei Province%湖北省体育舞蹈后备人才培养与可持续发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    向长青

    2016-01-01

    采用文献资料法、数据分析法和专家访谈等方法,通过分析体育舞蹈项目在湖北省的历史发展及其现状,发现在培养高水平青少年体育舞蹈运动员方面压力较大,提出促进湖北省体育舞蹈人才可持续发展的建议:加强对专业院校的管理,完善教育体系;规范业余体校的教学,建立完善的人才培养机制;加大对外交流,提高教练员的执教水平;充分发挥体育舞蹈协会组织的作用,让体育舞蹈项目融入到社会和市场中去;重视科学研究,不断完善体育舞蹈知识理论体系等。%By the method of documentation, data analysis, expert interviews and other research methods, based on the analysis of the historical development of dance sports and its present situation in Hubei Province, it finds out the big stress in training high-level juvenile dance sport talent and provides some measures for the sustainable development of sports dance in Hubei Province: to strengthen the management of professional colleges and uni-versities, perfecting education system; to standardize the teaching of amateur sports schools, establishing the per-fect talent training mechanism; to increase foreign exchange, improving the teaching level of coaches; to give full play to the role of the dance sports association, blending dance sport in the society and the market; to attach great importance to the scientific research, constantly improving the theoretical system on dance sport knowledge.

  13. 湖北省灰葡萄孢抗药性测定及抗药分子机制研究%Monitoring Fungicide Resistance of Botrytis cinerea from Hubei Province and Molecular Mechanisms of Resistance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李若晨; 张静; 李国庆

    2014-01-01

    Resistance of 96 B.cinerea strains from Hubei Province to four fungicides were studied. Most strains were sensitive to carbendazim,vinclozolin and dimethachlon with the frequency of resistant strains of 5%,2% and 3%, respectively. All B. cinerea strains investigated were susceptible to fenhexamid with the EC50 values ranging from 0.004 μg/mL to 0.2μg/mL.The sensitivity to fenhexamid was proved from the results of analyzing the genotype at the Bc-hch locus. Partial amino acid sequences of β-tubulin and histidine kinase gene showed that point mutation was found to be associated with resistance to these fungicides. The fungicide resistance in populations of B.cinerea in Hubei Province was reported firstly.%评价湖北省灰葡萄孢(Botrytis cinerea)群体抗药性水平,为防治灰霉病提供理论依据,评估了源于湖北省的96个灰葡萄孢菌株对4种杀菌剂的抗性。结果表明,大部分菌株对多菌灵、农利灵和菌核净敏感,抗性菌株出现的频率分别为5%、2%和3%;所有供试菌株均对环酰菌胺敏感,EC50为0.004~0.200μg/mL;对Bc-hc h基因序列扩增和酶解谱带分析结果进一步证实了供试菌株对环酰菌胺敏感。抗性菌株抗药相关基因β-微管蛋白和组氨酸激酶基因的氨基酸序列比对结果显示,部分位点的突变是抗药性形成的可能机制之一,另外也发现了新的突变位点。

  14. 鄂西北山地夏玉米全程机械化生产技术集成研究%Study on Mechanized Production Technol ogy Integration for Summer Corn in Mountain Region of Northwest Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴承国; 谢菊英; 肖能武; 周刚; 李永学; 陈光勇; 向世标; 孟鸿洲; 柯磊; 唐余成

    2016-01-01

    [目的]探索适宜鄂西北低山丘陵区的夏播玉米全程机械化集成生产技术,加快机械化进程,促进鄂西北山地玉米产业发展。[方法]2012—2015年连续开展夏玉米品种筛选试验、播期试验和种植密度试验,筛选适宜鄂西北山区机械化生产的夏玉米品种,研究相应的栽培技术,并结合农机具进行了机械化生产试验,论证其可行性以及评价其生产效益。[结果]筛选出最适宜鄂西北低山丘陵地区夏播玉米机械化生产的玉米品种郑单958,播种时间控制在6月15日前最佳,种植密度为7.50×104株/hm 2最佳。[结论]研究出一套适宜低山丘陵地区的夏播玉米全程机械化生产模式,缓解了当前农村劳动力不足与老龄化问题。%Objective]To explore a suitable fully mechanized integrated production technology for the summer sowing maize in low mountain and hilly region of northwest Hubei Province ,promote the process of mechanization and improve the development of northwest mountain maize .[ Meth-od]We screened summer maize varieties, sowing date and planting density of summer corn from 2012 to 2015.Based on the results, to determine the suitable summer maize varieties and the corresponding cultivation techniques in the northwest mountain mechanized production .At the same time, we conducted the production mechanization development , so as to analyze the feasibility of this technology and its production efficiency . [ Result] Zhengdan 958 was suitable for the summer sowing maize production mechanization in low hilly land of northwest Hubei Province .The best sowing time was before June15.The best planting density was 7.5 ×10 4plants per hectare.[Conclusion]We studied mechanized production technology for summer corn in low mountain and hilly region ,which could alleviate the current rural labor shortages and the aging problem.

  15. Analysis and surveillance of coal-burning type endemic fluorosis in Hubei province%湖北省燃煤污染型地方性氟中毒病区防治现况调查结果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张碧云; 李明健; 熊培生; 周芳

    2013-01-01

    目的 掌握湖北省燃煤污染型氟中毒病区流行现状,为防治工作提供科学依据.方法 对燃煤地区的燃煤方式、食物干燥与保存方法和8 ~ 12岁儿童氟斑牙等情况进行横断面调查.结果 8~12岁儿童氟斑牙患病率9.89%;氟斑牙患病率大于30%的病区村51个,主要分布在恩施市、建始县、巴东县、宣恩县、竹山县和竹溪县;主食结构以大米为主,98%的调查户能采取正确的方式干燥和保存玉米和辣椒.结论 湖北省燃煤污染型氟中毒病情危害程度已明显减轻,但仍应继续坚持以改炉降氟为主的综合防治措施,以达到持续消除燃煤污染型氟中毒危害的目的.%Objectives To study the prevailing status of coal - burning type endemic fluorosis in Hubei Province, and to provide scientific basis for fluorosis control and prevention. Methods A cross - section survey was conducted to investigate the ways of coal combustion, food dehydration and storage and dental fluorosis status in children aged from 8 to 12. Results The prevalence rate of dental fluorosis in children aged from 8 to 12 was 9. 89% ; There were 51 villages with dental fluorosis detection rate was higher than 30% , which were mainly distributed in Enshi city, Jianshi county, Badong county, Xuanen county, zhushan county and Zhuxi county; staple food is given priority to rice, 98% of investigation families could take the right way to dry and preserve corn and pepper. Conclusion The coal - burning type fluorosis hazard degree has been significantly reduced in Hubei province. But in order to achieve the sustainable elimination of coal - burning fluorosis, the comprehensive prevention and treatment measures mainly including furnace modification and defluoridation should be adhere to in the future.

  16. Malaria Situation and Anopheline Mosquitoes in Qom Province, Central Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MR Abai

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available "nAbstract "nBackground: The aims of this study was to analysis the current situation of malaria and to find the distribution of anopheline mosquitoes, as probable vectors of the disease, in Qom Province, central Iran. "nMethods: This study was carried out in two parts. First stage was data collection about malaria cases using recorded documents of patients in the Province health center, during 2001–2008. The second stage was entomological survey conducted by mosquito larval collection method in 4 villages with different geographical positions in 2008. Data were analyzed using Excel software. "nResults: Of 4456 blood slides, 10.9% out were positive. Most of cases were imported from other countries (90.4%, mainly from Afghanistan (56.5% and Pakistan (16.3%. Slide positive rate showed a maximum of 16.9% and a minimum of 2.9% in 2008 and 2007, respectively. Plasmodium vivax was causative agent of 93.75% of cases, fol­lowed by P. falciparum (6.25%. More than 15 years old age group contained the most malaria reported cases (66.7%. Two Anopheles species, An. superpictus and An. claviger were collected and identified. This is the first report of Anopheles claviger in Qom Province. "nConclusion: Malaria is in the control stage in Qom Province. The rate of local transmission is very low (only 1 case, shows Anopheles superpictus, as the main malaria vector of central part of Iran, can play its role in malaria transmission in the area. "n  "nKeywords: Malaria, Iran, Epidemiology

  17. Analysis of an Abrupt Rainstorm Process in Central Hunan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] The aim is to expound the abrupt rainstorm in the central Hunan Province on May 6 in 2010.[Method] By dint of NCEP 1°×1° reanalysis data,routine observation data,auto-station precipitation and FY-2C satellite data,the large-scale circulation background and physical condition during the large rainstorm period from the night on May 5 to 6 in 2010 were analyzed.The large scale environment,meso-scale characteristics and potential causes for the formation of large precipitation were revealed.By dint ...

  18. 湖北省2010年疑似预防接种异常反应监测分析%Analysis on Adverse Events Following Immunization in Hubei Province in 2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李书华; 王雷; 王兆; 赵明江; 郑莉; 罗玉娥; 杨北方; 李琼

    2012-01-01

    目的 分析湖北省2010年疑似预防接种异常反应(Adverse Events Following Immunization,AEFI)的发生特征,评价 AEFI 监测系统运转情况,以及国家免疫规划(National Immunization Program,NIP)疫苗的安全性和预防接种服务质量.方法 通过中国疾病预防控制信息管理系统 AEFI 信息管理系统,收集湖北省2010年1月1日~12月31日的个案数据,采用描述性方法对相关指标进行流行病学分析.结果 湖北省2010年报告 AEFI1770例,县级报告覆盖率为100%.48h内报告率88.76%,48h内调查率97.74%,个案调查表完整率100%.1770例 AEFI 中,男、女性别比为1.41∶1,≤2岁儿童占77.46%.发生AEFI前五位的疫苗为麻疹减毒活疫苗、无细胞百日咳-白喉-破伤风(百白破)联合疫苗、全细胞百白破联合疫苗、A群脑膜炎球菌多糖疫苗、流行性乙型脑炎减毒活疫苗.在接种第1剂后发生AEFI的占65.42%;接种后≤1d发生的占84.18%.AEFI 分类诊断中,不良反应占96.10%,其他占3.90%.在各种 AEFI 临床损害中,居前3位的依次为过敏反应、无菌性脓肿、卡介苗淋巴结炎.湖北省 NIP 疫苗预防接种异常反应报告发生率在0.28/100万剂~33.05/100万剂.结论 湖北省2010年 AEFI 监测系统仍需提高监测质量.AEFI主要发生在小年龄组,NIP疫苗首剂接种后的1d内,是监测的重点.监测结果显示,湖北省 NIP 疫苗安全性和预防接种服务质量良好.%Objective To analyse the occurrence features of adverse events following immunization ( AEFI) in Hubei province during 2010, so as to evaluate the operation status of AEFI monitoring system, and the safety of vaccines and vaccination services quality of national immunization programs (NIP). Methods AEFI data were collected through the national information system of AEFI, which reported in Hubei from January 1st to December 31st, 2010. The epidemiological analysis on relevant index was conducted by descriptive

  19. Malaria Situation and Anopheline Mosquitoes in Qom Province, Central Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B Farzinnia

    2010-12-01

    Methods: This study was carried out in two parts. First stage was data collection about malaria cases using recorded documents of patients in the Province health center, during 2001–2008. The second stage was entomological survey conducted by mosquito larval collection method in 4 villages with different geographical positions in 2008. Data were analyzed using Excel software. Results: Of 4456 blood slides, 10.9% out were positive. Most of cases were imported from other countries (90.4%, mainly from Afghanistan (56.5% and Pakistan (16.3%. Slide positive rate showed a maximum of 16.9% and a minimum of 2.9% in 2008 and 2007, respectively. Plasmodium vivax was causative agent of 93.75% of cases, fol­lowed by P. falciparum (6.25%. More than 15 years old age group contained the most malaria reported cases (66.7%. Two Anopheles species, An. superpictus and An. claviger were collected and identified. This is the first report of Anopheles claviger in Qom Province. Conclusion: Malaria is in the control stage in Qom Province. The rate of local transmission is very low (only 1 case, shows Anopheles superpictus, as the main malaria vector of central part of Iran, can play its role in malaria transmission in the area.

  20. Dynamic monitoring land-cover change in Hubei province using object-oriented technology and remote sensing imagery%面向对象的湖北省土地覆被变化遥感快速监测

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗开盛; 李仁东; 常变蓉; 邱娟

    2013-01-01

    , spatial relationship, color space, and the band ration of remote sensing imagery. Based on the data of HJ-CCD imagery in 2010, ETM imagery in 2005, and TM imagery in 2000, integrated into RS、GIS, and GPS technology, an object-oriented method was applied to the remote sensing image classification of land-cover/land-use in Hubei province. First, we achieved land-cover/land-use results as the basal map of a database using object-oriented technology in Hubei province in the e-Cognition software. After checking and improving the results, the Similarity Vectors Change Detection Approach was used to compare with the spectral difference the corresponding objects by segmentation from 2000 to 2005, and from 2005 to 2010. We needed to classify the changed area of two change periods, so the Nearest Neighbor Classification Approach belonging to object-oriented technology was applied to extract land-cover/land-use information. This process in the research contained two key steps: choosing samples and optimizing feature space. Optimizing feature space allowed us to get perfect feature extracting object information. All the results in the unchanged area in 2010 were transformed into the sample Nearest Neighbor Classification Approach needed. We used so many samples that the computer could determine the regulation of every class by detailed analysis. Fusing the classification results in the change area and the unchanged area, the land-cover/land-use results all over Hubei province can be completed successfully according to the districts now. We constructed the land-cover change database in Hubei province in the end. The classification accuracy was assessed using error matrixes though wild samples which were obtained from experimental area by GPS. The research showed that, compared with the traditional classification methods, which only consider the spectral characteristics of the targets, an object-oriented international carbon budget certification classification system comprehensively

  1. 基于熵值法的湖北省绿色经济发展综合评价研究%Analysis on the Green Economy Development of a Comprehensive Evaluation Based on Entropy Method in Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高春玲

    2012-01-01

    This article through the establishment of green economy evaluation index system, using the entropy value method to determine the weight of index, evaluates the comprehensive state of the development of green economy in Hubei province from 2000 to 2010. Based on this, it puts forward the problems and the green economy development measures, such as building green industrial system and green technical innovation system and establishing green agricultural idea.%通过建立绿色经济的评价指标体系,采用熵值法确定指标权重,对湖北省2000-2010年的绿色经济发展状况进行综合评价.分析了湖北省绿色经济发展中存在的问题,并有针对性地提出了通过构建绿色产业体系和绿色技术创新体系、树立绿色农业理念等途径建立湖北省绿色经济的长效推进机制.

  2. Forecasting Loss of Ecosystem Service Value Using a BP Network: A Case Study of the Impact of the South-to-north Water Transfer Project on the Ecological Environmental in Xiangfan, Hubei Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YUN-FENG CHEN; JING-XUAN ZHOU; JIE XIAO; YAN-PING LI

    2003-01-01

    Objective To recognize and assess the impact of the South-to-north Water Transfer Project(SNWTP) on the ecological environment of Xiangfan, Hubei Province, situated in the water-out area,and develop sound scientific countermeasures. Methods A three-layer BP network was built to simulate topology and process of the eco-economy system of Xiangfan. Historical data of ecological environmental factors and socio-economic factors as inputs, and corresponding historical data of ecosystem service value (ESV) and GDP as target outputs, were presented to train and test the network. When predicted input data after 2001 were presented to trained network as generalization sets, ESVs and GDPs of 2002, 2003, 2004… till 2050 were simulated as output in succession.Results Up to 2050, the area would have suffered an accumulative total ESV loss of RMB104.9 billion, which accounted for 37.36% of the present ESV. The coinstantaneous GDP would changea synchronously with ESV, it would go through an up-to-down process and finally lose RMB89.3 billion, which accounted for 18.71% of 2001. Conclusions The simulation indicates that ESV loss means damage to the capability of socio-economic sustainable development, and suggests that artificial neural networks (ANNs) provide a feasible and effective method and have an important potential in ESV modeling.

  3. 湖北省农村能源规划的系统分析及模拟%System Analysis and Simulation of Rural Energy Programming in Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    艾平; 张衍林; 王媛媛; 晏水平; 翟红

    2011-01-01

    依据湖北省农村能源供应和消费情况,建立了沼气能、秸秆能和太阳能建设的系统动力学模型,对2008~2028年的湖北省农村能源建设进行了动态模拟.通过比较在改变投资结构、改变投资规模等投资方案下生态环境效益的变化,得到了较优的投资方案;指出了采取提高农户接纳程度,增强技术支撑能力等措施能有效增强农村能源建设综合效益.%Based on the current conditions of rural energy in Hubei province, a system dynamic model of the new energy gained from biogas, straw and solar energy was built and then simulated between the years of 2008 and 2028. By comparing the investment structures and investment scales, the superior investment formula was obtained. The measures of improving the household acceptability and technology supporting were also pointed to effectively increase the comprehensive benefits in rural energy construction.

  4. Overwintering Host of Bemisia tabacie in Open Field and Its Impacting Factors in Hubei Province%湖北省烟粉虱露地越冬寄主及影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周国珍; 罗汉钢; 刘美刚; 张静华; 胡望清; 李兰秀; 刘可群

    2014-01-01

    通过2007~2010年连续调查发现烟粉虱[Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius)]在湖北省露地能安全越冬,并成为翌年春季虫源基数的一部分。主要越冬寄主有荔枝草(Saluia plebeia R. Br.)、小飞蓬[Conyza Canadensis (L.)Cronq.]、一年蓬(Erigeron annuus)、益母草(Leonurus heterophyllus Sweet)、苦苣菜(Sonchus oleraceus L.)、马蹄金(Dichondra micranrtha Urban)、金银花(Lonieera japonica Thunb.)等。越冬虫态主要是卵和伪蛹,冬后虫量与前一年烟粉虱的发生量相关。%Based on the 3-year continuous surveies from 2007 to 2009, B. tabaci was found to be the main source of insect pest in the following year and could overwinter on some weeds and flowers including AIternanthera philoxeroides,Conyza Canadensis,Erigeron annuus,Leonurus heterophyllus, Sonchus oleraceus,Dichondra micranrtha and Lonieera japonica etc in open field in Hubei province. The overwintering amount of B.tabaci was related with the occurring quantity in winter.

  5. 鄂西北农家书屋可持续发展调查研究--以十堰市张湾区为例%Study of Sustainable Development of Village Library in Northwest of Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    乐征帆; 杨丹丹

    2016-01-01

    This article takes Zhangwan as an example to analyze issues in the development of the vil age library in the northwestern of Hubei Province,which includes the constitution of librarians,the operation process,and the influence on the resident.This article tries to offer solutions such as enriching the constitution of librarians,cooperating with social organizations,expanding function of the vil age library,and developing digital vil age library,for the sustainable development of the vil age library.%以十堰市张湾区农家书屋的建设为例,从管理人员、运营保障、影响力三个方面调查、分析鄂西北农家书屋发展中存在的问题,并从拓宽管理员来源、吸纳社会公益力量、拓展农家书屋功能、建设数字书屋的角度提出对策,为农家书屋的可持续发展提供建议。

  6. A Survey and Countermeasure on the Different Status of Female Scientists in Hubei Province%湖北省女性科技人才差异化发展现状及对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘筱红; 陈奕

    2012-01-01

    在问卷调查、深度访谈、政策整理以及大量的统计数据搜集、梳理和筛选的基础上,从社会性别视角出发,对湖北省科技人才性别差异现状进行了研究,发现科技人才政策存在性别盲点,揭示了女性科技人才发展的制约因素并给出了相关对策,以期对制定有利于科技领域性别平等的发展决策有所启示.%This paper investigated and analyzed the status of gender differences between male and female scientists and technicians in Hubei province from a gender perspective. It was conducted by questionnaires,in depth interviews,policy collation and based on a large number of statistical data collection,sort and filter. Found gender blind policy,revealed the factors which restrict the development of female scientists and technicians and proposed countermeasures in an effort to inspire policy-maker to make more polices which is beneficial for gender equality.

  7. 湖北省部分医院创伤急救颈椎保护技能现状调查%Present status of cervical immobilization skills for trauma of some hospital doctors of Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨奇盛; 赵剡; 王翔; 宋小兵; 潘正启

    2013-01-01

    Retrospective analysis was conducted for the results of first-aid competitions so as to understand the present status of how emergency doctors of Hubei Province grasp the skills and consciousnesses of cervical immobilization.From 6 out of 19 teams,38 participating doctors from grade 3A hospitals provided patient cervical immobilization while 2 teams offered no cervical protection.It is necessary to intensify the skills and consciousnesses of cervical immobilization in clinical practice.%回顾分析湖北省急救医师技能竞赛中创伤急救颈椎保护比赛结果,了解全省急救医师保护颈椎的意识、手法等基本技能掌握情况.全省19支三级甲等医院(含市州级急救中心)代表队的38人参赛,6支队实施了颈椎保护动作,2支队未对颈椎进行任何保护.提示在临床工作中要不断强化保护颈椎意识、规范保护颈椎手法和正确放置颈托的方法.

  8. Sensitivity ofFusarium graminearum from Hubei province to carbendazim, tebuconazole and prochloraz%湖北省小麦赤霉病菌对多菌灵、戊唑醇和咪鲜胺的敏感性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋阳阳; 林杨; 罗汉钢; 罗朝喜

    2016-01-01

    In 2014, 206 single-spore isolates ofFusarium graminearum collected from seven districts in Hubei province were identified by morphology. Sensitivity of 100 randomly selected isolates to carbendazim, tebuconazole and prochloraz was assayed by using mycelium growth inhibition method, and the sensitivity baseline was established. The results showed that the EC50 values of carbendazim, tebuconazole and prochloraz toF. graminearum isolates were in the ranges of 0.115-0.705, 0.006-1.356 and 0.002-0.370 μg/mL, and mean values of 0.248, 0.181 and 0.040 μg/mL, respectively. The sensitivity distributions of the 100 isolates to these three fungicides all followed unimodal quasi-normal distribution , which indicated that the EC50 mean values could be used as the sensitivity baseline ofF. graminearum in Hubei province to these three fungicides. Using 10 times of the mean EC50 value of each fungicide as the discriminatory dose, the sensitivity ofF. graminearum in Hubei province was monitored from 2015–2016. The study showed that the average inhibition rates of carbendazim, tebuconazole and prochloraz toF. graminearum isolates were 100%, 85.14%, 82.35%, respectively, in 2015, and 100%, 76.67%, 73.62%, respectively, in 2016. In summary,F. graminearum isolates in Hubei province still wxhibit high sensitivity to carbendazim, tebuconazole and prochloraz, although the inhibition rates of tebuconazole and prochloraz were slightly decreased in 2016.%对2014年采自中国湖北省7个县、市的206株小麦赤霉病菌样品进行单孢分离与鉴定,并采用菌丝生长速率法随机测定了其中100株菌株对多菌灵、戊唑醇和咪鲜胺的敏感性,建立了其敏感基线。结果表明:多菌灵、戊唑醇和咪鲜胺对湖北省小麦赤霉病菌的 EC50值范围分别为0.115~0.705、0.006~1.356和0.002~0.370μg/mL,平均值分别为0.248、0.181和0.040μg/mL;供试100株小麦赤霉病菌对3种药剂的敏感性频率均呈单峰拟正态

  9. Occurrence Regularity and Chemical Control of Weeds in Dioscorea batatas Field in Hubei Province%湖北省长山药田间杂草发生规律与化学防治

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王鹏程; 张化平; 周利; 卢君; 朱家佩; 常红青

    2012-01-01

    The specie9 and occurrence regularity of the main weeds in Dioscorea batatas field in Hubei province were found out by fixed-spot and time field survey in the main long yam production area. The chemical weedicide test of were conducted accordingly to ensure the optimal time for chemical control of weed. Several chemical herbicide with low loxicity and short residual time suitable for application in long yam field.%通过对湖北省几个长山药(Dioscorea batatas Decne.)主产区进行定点、定时田间调查,基本上摸清了危害长山药的主要杂草种类及其发生规律,并有针对性地进行了化学除草试验,明确了化学除草的最佳时期,并筛选出了毒性低、残留时间短的几种适宜于长山药田间施用的化学除草剂.

  10. 湖北恩施地区油茶籽油与茶叶籽油的对比分析%Comparative Analysis of Oil Tea Camellia Seed Oil and Tea Seed Oil in Enshi Area of Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴登辉

    2016-01-01

    详细介绍湖北省恩施地区油茶籽和茶叶籽在整籽含油率、水分、含仁率、油脂中脂肪酸组成方面的区别以及对人体功效的简介。其中,油脂是采用精心筛选的茶籽为原料,用超临界二氧化碳萃取技术提取的油脂,油脂质量达到油茶籽油国家标准一级油(GB 11765-2003)和食用植物油卫生标准(GB 2716-2005)。%This paper introduced the difference of oil tea camellia seed and tea seed in the whole seed oil content, moisture, kernel rate, oil fatty acid composition in Enshi area of Hubei province. Among them, careful screening of the tea seed oil was used as raw material, extracted with supercritical carbon dioxide extraction technology of oil and grease quality tea seed oil of national standard (GB 11765-2003) for ifrst grade oil and edible vegetable oil health standard (GB 2716-2005).

  11. Somatochlora shennong sp. nov. from Hubei, China (Odonata: Corduliidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Hao-Miao; Vogt, Timothy E; Cai, Qing-Hua

    2014-10-29

    A new species, Somatochlora shennong sp. nov. (holotype ♂, Dajiuhu National Wetland Park in Shennongjia National Nature Reserve, Hubei Province, China, 9 August 2012) is described, illustrated, and compared with the related species S. dido Needham and S. taiwana Inoue & Yokota. 

  12. An empirical study of Hubei science and technology service industry%湖北省科技服务业发展的实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周慧妮; 龙子午

    2015-01-01

    As an emerging technology services industry in China has gradually developed , but has not yet accepted definition.This article attempts to make clean definition of technology services ,Hubei is the largest economy in the central China , education province , Hubei now stands from factor-driven to innovation-driven critical juncture , in order to enhance the quality and efficiency of economic growth , it is necessary for the development of science and technology services to make analysis of Hubei Province .In this paper ,by entropy method empirical analysis of Hu-bei Technology services .to understand the development of Hubei province in the country and the development of technology services derived by analyzing the problems of Hubei Province , and suggestions are given .%科技服务业作为一个新兴的产业,在中国已经逐步发展,2014年10月我国出台了《国务院关于加快科技服务业发展的若干意见》,足够看出国家对科技服务业的重视,但是目前对科技服务业,还没有得到公认的界定,试图根据《意见》对科技服务业做出较清晰的定义,湖北省是中部地区的经济大省,教育大省,如今的湖北站到了从要素驱动向创新驱动的重要关口,为了全面提升经济增长的质量和效益,就需要对湖北省科技服务业的发展做出分析。利用熵值法对湖北省的科技服务业进行实证分析,以了解湖北省在全国的发展状况,并通过分析得出湖北省科技服务业发展存在的问题,并给出相关的建议。

  13. 北洋初期司法界与湖北军政当局的矛盾与抗争--以刘豫瑶案为例%Rivalries between the Judicial Circle and the Military and Political Authorities in Hubei Province During the earlier period of Northern Warlords Government---Focus on the Lawsuit of Liu Yuyao

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张海荣

    2016-01-01

    The principle of judicial independence has been introduced into China since the Judicial Reform in late Qing Dynasty. During the early Northern Warlords Government period, although the political and economic situation was always disordered, the principle of judicial independence was still respected in appearance in a certain time. In winter of 1919, Wang Zhan⁃yuan, together with He Pei⁃rong, unexpectedly appointed Cheng Ding⁃yuan as the deputy Chief Justice of the Higher Court in Hubei province. Their excuse was Liu Yu⁃yao, the former Chief Justice, had bent law for selfish ends. Meanwhile, they also unlawfully detained the judge Chen Chang⁃cu in order to get the official seal. Such behaviors made a bad start for the highest provincial military officer interfering with judicial administration by force. Because the nature of this case was extremely bad, the Central Department of Justice, along with the Higher Court in Hubei province, fought back strictly. Both sides argued repeatedly with the judicial administration, as well as other issues. Finally the Central Government had to intervene and reaffirmed the principle of judicial independence. By showing the various cognitive conflicts and behavior patterns of all parties in this case, this paper examines multiple spectrums of relations between military and politics in the Northern Warlord period.%自清末实施司法改革以来,司法独立原则被正式引入中国。北洋政府初期,虽然政局扰攘不安、社会经济紊乱,但在一定时期内司法独立原则仍保有形式上的尊崇。而1919年冬,湖北督军王占元、省长何佩瑢藉口本省高等审判厅厅长刘豫瑶徇私枉法,竟擅自委任督军署军法课长程定远暂代厅长,并派兵拘押原代理厅长陈长簇,劫夺厅印,开民国以来地方最高军政长官联手干涉司法行政的嚆矢。由于该案性质极其恶劣,随即招致中央司法部与湖北高等审判厅的群体反击

  14. HLA-C与湖北地区汉族寻常型银屑病的相关性%A Study of the Correlation between HLA-C and Psoriasis Vulgaris of Han Nationality in Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严月华; 沈克慧; 熊邦义; 周新; 朱德章

    2001-01-01

    To explore the correlation between codons at position 73 of HLA-C and psoriasis vulgaris for people of Han nationality in Hubei Province.Methods:Pol ymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)-denature polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis-DNA s ilver stain technique and DNA sequencing for PCR products were employed to detec t the codons at position 73 of HLA-C in 104 cases with psoriasis vulgaris and 110 healthy controls.Results:The frequency of nucleotide sequence coding alani ne at position 73 of HLA-C antigens(73Ala) in the cases was 81.7%,while t hat in healthy controls was 53.6%.The former was significantly higher than the latte r (RR=3.87,χ2=19.12,P<0.005).But the frequency o f nucleotide sequence coding threonine at position 73 of HLA-C antigens (73 Thr) in PV patients was significantly lower than that in healthy controls (77. 9% versus 89.1%,RR=0.43,χ2=4.92,P<0.05).DNA sequencing for fou r PCR products ascertained that the PCR products were the DNA fragments which we re needed.Conclusions:In PV patients of Han nationality in Hubei Province,73 Ala of HLA-C gene may play a role in susceptibility to PV,but 73 Thr of HLA-C gene seems to be a resistant factor to PV.This study provides some message for exploring etiology and pathogenesis of PV.%目的:探讨寻常型银屑病(psoriasis vulgaris,PV) 与人类白细胞抗原(human leukoc yte antigens,HLA)复合体C基因座位第73位氨基酸密码子的相关性。方法:采用聚合酶链反应(Polymerase Chain Reaction,PCR)--变性聚丙烯酰胺凝胶电泳-DNA银染、测序,检测了10 4例PV患者和110例健康对照者的HLA-C基因第73位氨基酸密码子。结果:PV患者编码HLA -C抗原第73位氨基酸的核苷酸,为丙氨酸序列(73alanine sequence,73 Ala) 的频率比健康对照组显著性增高(81.7%比53.6%,RR=3.78,χ2=19.21,P<0.005);为苏氨酸序列(73threonine sequence, 73Thr)的频率比健康对照组显著性降低(77.9%比89.1%,RR=0.43,χ2=4.92

  15. 湖北省部分地区2009年蚊传虫媒病毒调查%Investigation of mosquito-borne arboviruses in some regions of Hubei province, China in 2009

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高晓艳; 付士红; 邹文菁; 胡乐群; 刘红; 占发先; 霍细香; 梁国栋

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the species and distribution patterns of mosquito - borne arboviruses in some regions of Hubei province, China. Methods Mosquito samples were collected in Wuxue county of Huanggang city and Tongcheng county of Xianning city in the summer of 2009. Viruses were isolated from the samples by tissue culture, and the obtained virus isolates were identified by serological and molecular biological methods. Sequence homology and phylogenetic analysis was performed on the isolated viruses using bioinformatics software. Results A total of 9424 mosquitoes, belonging to 5 species and 3 genera, were collected. Four virus strains (HBTC0913, HBTC0917, HBTC0919, and HBTC0921) were isolated and identified as Banna virus (BAV). According to the phylogenetic analysis of the 12th segment of BAV, the four strains were in the same subgroup as the isolates from Beijing, Yunnan, and Inner Mongolia, China as well as Vietnam, and but in a different subgroup from the isolates from Indonesia. Compared with previous isolates, the BAV strains showed nucleotide and amino acid homologies of 87.2%-89.8% and 86.1%-90.9%, respectively, according to the homology analysis of the coding region of the 12th segment. Conclusion BAV strains were first isolated in Hubei province, China. They have a close phylogenetic association with YN6 strain isolated in Yunnan, China.%目的 调查湖北省部分地区蚊传虫媒病毒种类和分布状况.方法 2009年夏季在湖北省黄冈市武穴市和咸宁市通城县采集蚊虫标本,用组织培养法分离病毒,用血清学和分子生物学方法对阳性病毒分离物进行鉴定,利用生物信息学软件对新分离病毒进行序列同源性和系统进化分析.结果 采集到3属5种9424只蚊虫标本,阳性4株(HBTC0913、HBTC0917、HBTC0919和HBTC0921),经血清学和分子生物学鉴定均为版纳病毒;版纳病毒第12节段分子进化分析显示,4株新分离版纳病毒与中国北京、云南和内蒙古地

  16. The prevalence rate and influential factors of diabetes among residents aged over 15 in Hubei Province%湖北省15岁以上居民糖尿病患病率及影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘琦; 郭立新; 肖琛嫦; 张璇; 陈功; 李十月; 燕虹

    2016-01-01

    目的:了解湖北省15岁以上居民糖尿病患病率及其影响因素,为糖尿病防控提供依据。方法于2013年10~11月,采取分层整群随机抽样方法,对抽取的湖北省20个县市,100个乡镇及街道,200个行政村级居委会的住户进行了入户问卷调查。采用SPSS18.0软件进行统计分析。结果共调查28555人,患糖尿病者823例(2.88%),其中城市4.37%,农村1.83%;男性2.61%,女性3.13%;不同年龄间糖尿病患病率以大于或等于65岁组患病率最高(6.61%),25~<35岁组最低(0.06%)。经多元Logistic回归分析,城乡、年龄、就业状况、医保类型、饮酒和肥胖是糖尿病的影响因素。结论湖北省糖尿病患病率处于一个相对较低的水平,不同特征人群的糖尿病患病有差异。%Objective To study the prevalence rate and influential factors of diabetes among residents aged over 15 in Hubei province to provide evidences for diabetes control .Methods Through stratified cluster sampling ,20 cities and counties ,including 100 blocks and towns ,200 communities and villages were sampled .Household survey was carried out from October to November , 2013 .Data was analyzed with SPSS18 .0 .Results In total ,28 555 eligible residents were surveyed ,among which 823 (2 .88% ) self‐reported being diagnosed as diabetes .The prevalence rate for urban and rural residents were found as 4 .37% and 1 .83% respective‐ly ,that of male and female as 2 .61% and 3 .13% respectively .Residents aged 65 and above reported highest prevalence rate (6 .61% ) while those from 25 to 34 years old had the lowest (0 .06% ) .Multiple logistic regression analysis yielded results that ru‐ral‐urban residence ,age ,occupational status ,type of medical insurance ,alcohol drinking and obesity were influential factors of diabe‐tes .Conclusion Prevalence rate of diabetes among residents aged over 15 in Hubei province was at

  17. Investigation of Present Fertilization on Crops by Different Rapeseed Rotation Systems in Hubei Province%湖北省不同油菜轮作模式下作物施肥现状调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李银水; 余常兵; 廖星; 胡小加; 谢立华; 张树杰; 车志

    2012-01-01

    The aim was to establish high efficient fertilization technique system for rapeseed production in Hubei Province. This survey was conducted by spot field investigation to study the present situation of nutrient management and the problems existing in the fertilization technique on rapeseed by five rotation systems in Hubei Province. The results showed that, only 20.2% and 69.4% of the surveyed farmlands applied organic fertilizer and boron in rapeseed plating. The average application amount of nitrogen (N), phosphate (P) and potassium (K) fertilizer were 203.7, 71.3, 50.2 kg/hm2 respectively, which ratio was 1:0.35:0.25, and rapeseed average consume about 49.3%, 51.6% and 50.8% of the total N, P and K fertilizer used for a rotation period. The problems in rapeseed rotation systems nutrient management were displayed as follow: farmers applied excessive N fertilizer, and ignored the application of P and K fertilizer, especially for K. The ratio of N, P and K was imbalanced and the application amount of fertilizer different in regions and farmers. Excess and insufficient fertilization coexisted. The concept of the nutrient co-ordination by various rotation systems needed to be promoted. In addition, the application amount of the organic manure was low and the use of boron fertilizer need to popular. It suggested that, the nutrient management should take the characteristics of crop nutrient physiology need and cropping systems into consideration. At the same time, it was important to establish a new concept of sustainable agriculture fertilizer, so as to achieve maximum nutrient resources and promote the development of rapeseed and other planting.%为湖北省油菜生产建立高效施肥技术体系,通过农户走访调查,研究湖北省五类油菜轮作模式下的农户肥料施用情况及存在的主要问题.结果表明,湖北省油菜施用有机肥和硼肥的农户比例分别占20.2%和69.4%;油菜氮(N)、磷(P2O5)、钾(K2O

  18. Mesoscale analysis on the excessive rain in northeast Hubei province on 1 July 2008%2008年“7.1”鄂东北特大暴雨过程的中尺度分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张家国; 岳阳; 王珊珊; 邓红; 张蒙蒙

    2012-01-01

    利用常规气象资料、新一代雷达和卫星云图资料等,分析了2008年7月1日鄂东北特大暴雨过程中尺度扰动系统的发生发展、暴雨中尺度对流系统(MCS)结构特征以及地形对中尺度系统的影响。结果表明,鄂东北暴雨与中尺度气旋的发生发展关系密切,红安等地特大暴雨就是中尺度气旋波冷切变上激发的多个β中尺度对流系统相继东移产生的;中尺度气旋形成于黄淮锋面气旋波发展阶段,雷达反射率因子形态、结构特征较好地反映了该中尺度气旋波发展过程;对流易在红安西侧加强,同冷空气沿大别山和桐柏山之间南下与天气尺度西南气流交汇形成局地中尺度辐合线有关;红外云图上特大暴雨MCS形态为指状云团,由不同生命史阶段的子云团构成,是产生持续性强降水的云团的显著特征。%Using conventional observational data,radar data,satellite images and so on,the excessive rain in northeast Hubei province on 1 July 2008 is comprehensively analyzed focusing on the occurrence and development of mesoscale disturbance system,the structure characteristics of the heavy rain mesoscale convective system,and the terrain effect on mesoscale system.The results show that heavy rain in northeast Hubei province is closely related to the occurrence and development of mesoscale disturbance system.The successive eastward movement of the meso-β-scale convective systems stimulated by the mesoscale cyclone wave cold shear exactly results in the excessive rain in Hongan.The mesoscale cyclone is formed in the developmental stage of Huanghuai front cyclone wave,which developmental process can be well revealed by the form and structural feature of radar reflectivity factor.The cold air moves southward between the Dabie mountain and Tongbo mountain,joins with the southwest stream of synoptic scale,results in the local mesoscal convergence line,which is the mechanism for the easy enhancement of

  19. Evaluating Natural Disaster Risks in Rice Production of Hubei Province by Non-parameter Information Diffusion Model%基于非参数信息扩散模型的湖北水稻生产灾害风险评估

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李文芳

    2012-01-01

    Non-parameter information diffusion model is superior to common parameter and non-parameter methods,when evaluating losses from disasters with a small sample size.With rice yield data at county level of Hubei Province from 1991 to 2007,this article evaluates the natural disaster risk in rice production of Hubei Province by non-parameter density model.It concludes that the probability distribution of rice losses from disasters and the relative intensity of natural disasters in each region correspond with the spatial and time distribution and level of drought and flood,which is useful for making risk division of county-level yield rice insurance of Hubei Province.%在小样本条件下估计灾害损失,非参数信息扩散模型相比一般的参数和非参数估计效果更好,因此本文利用湖北省1991—2007年县级水稻单产数据,基于非参数核密度估计的信息扩散方法来评估湖北水稻生产灾害风险。研究结果表明,各地区水稻灾害损失率的概率分布及各地区灾害风险的相对大小,与湖北洪涝和干旱灾害发生的时空分布及灾害程度较为吻合,可为湖北水稻县域产量保险风险区划研究提供支持。

  20. 湖北省农业资源利用与产业发展研究%Research on the Utilization of Farming Resources and Industry Development of Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王群

    2012-01-01

    Agriculture is the most important sustainable power of national economy. Improving the use of farming resources and speeding up the development of this industry is an important precondition for the entire building of a moderately prosperous society and new socialist village. At present, the use of farming resources in Hubei province is relatively limited and the development of agriculture industrialization is relatively backward. This paper makes a research and analysis of the above issue and the status quo to find out the existing problems so as to put forward practical suggestions and solutions which are beneficial to Hubei's farming economy in its use of farming resources and the development of farming industrialization.%农业是国民经济的重要支撑力量,提升农业资源利用、加快农业发展是全面推进小康社会建设和社会主义新农村建设的重要条件。目前湖北省农业资源利用水平较低,农业产业化发展还处于比较滞后的状态。本文对湖北省农业资源利用与产业发展进行研究,分析湖北省农业资源利用与产业发展的现状,找出湖北省农业资源利用与产业发展存在的问题,提出切实可行的促进湖北省农业经济更好更快发展的对策建议,以更好地解决在提高农业资源利用和加快产业发展过程中存在的问题。

  1. 湖北省中职学生的主观幸福感研究%The Study on the Subjective Well-being of Secondary Vocational Students in Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    霍玉洁; 李梦卿

    2011-01-01

    Being in a greater physiological and psychological changes period,Vocational students look ripe,but lack sufficient self-control,so they often have a greater mood swings.Therefore,how to give students the right education and counseling in time by schools,teachers and parents to help them understand themselves and others is very important for the formation of a positive self-concept.Using Campbell well-being scale,Tennessee Self Concept Scale,Frost multidimensional perfectionism and the parenting style,the study conducted a questionnaire survey on secondary vocational students in Hubei Province to have a preliminary study of relationship between subjective well-being and self factors,family factors.%中职学生正处于生理与心理发生较大变化的时期,他们期待成熟,但又缺少足够的自我控制能力,时常会产生较大的情绪波动,因此,学校、教师和家长如何及时给予学生正确的教育与辅导,帮助学生了解自己、了解他人,形成正确的自我概念很重要。采用Campbell幸福感量表、田纳西自我概念量表、Frost多维度完美主义问卷和父母教养方式评价量表对湖北省中职学生进行了问卷调查,初步探讨了湖北省中职学生的自我因素、家庭因素与其主观幸福感之间的关系。

  2. The Backward Trajectory Simulation of the Planthopper During Migratory Peak in Hubei Province%湖北省稻飞虱迁入高峰日后向轨迹模拟分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万素琴; 任永建; 刘志雄; 周国珍; 高正旭; 邓环; 邓爱娟

    2012-01-01

    typical climatical moved flying insect pest, the great reduction of the yield of rice in Hubei Province. It is its takeoff, flying and settlement are closely related to weather conditions. In this article, the upper-air meteorological field data, and the rice planthopper monitoring data under the lamp, are used to analyze the example, using particle track and diffusion and settlement pattern HYSPLIT-4, etc. for exploring the fly path and main source of rice planthopper in Hubei Province. The main conclusions may be drawn as follows.. (1) There are five paths of rice planthopper having moved in Hubei Province, i.e. the south- west path, the south path, the southeast path, the east path and the northeast path. (2) In spring and summer, the southwest path is the main path, with its proportion of 47%, followed by the south path and the southeast path. (3) In autumn, the northeast path is the main path, with its proportion of 30%, followed by the southwest path, being 23% of the total number. (4) In comparison with spring and summer, in autumn the proportion of southwest path is decreased by 24 %, that o{ northeast path is increased by 22%, that of the east path is increased by 8%, and very few changes in the south path and southeast path. (5) The proportion of the southly path (the sum ofthe southwest path, the south path and the southeast path) is 80% in spring and summer, and that is 55% in au- tumn. Compared with spring and summer, autumn has a decrease of 25%. (6) No matter whether it is spring and summer, or autumn, the southwest path is the most impact on Hubei Province, and influence on the southern part is greater than the northern part. The influence of the northeast path in autumn is greater than that in spring and sum- mer. The impacts of south path and southeast path on the Jianghan Plain are greater than the others. (7) In theory, the source area Of rice planthopper is 19°-25°N, 90°- 120°E, with an east-west long axis and a north-south short ax- is, a

  3. Research on College Classification Based on Disciplinary Structure:The Case of Hubei Province%基于学科结构的区域本科院校分类研究——以湖北省为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷家彬

    2015-01-01

    依据学科结构的院校分类研究对于把握院校和系统层面的组织特征具有重要的理论价值. 选取2013年面板数据,构建学科层次和类型分类指标体系,对湖北省67所本科院校进行经典聚类分析,并根据实证分类结果对该省本科院校系统作进一步诊断分析.研究表明:该省本科院校系统呈现橄榄形矩阵结构,各类院校分工较为合理,但少数层次和类型院校的多样性有待提高,部分学科可进一步强化与产业的契合发展;运用分类工具进行院校和系统分析是分类研究的重要目标,基于这些院校特征,政府可确立学科专业调整的方向.%It's of important theoretical value to classify colleges based on disciplinary structure in a bid to grasp their organizational and systematical characteristics. Using official panel data in 2013 and disciplinary classification index system, the author conducts a classic cluster analysis to classify 67 colleges in Hubei province before a further diagnostic analysis of its undergraduate college system based on the empirical results. The findings are summarized as follows: the system of undergraduate colleges in the province displays an olive-shaped matrix structure; few colleges are lack of typical diversity; some disciplines are unable to satisfy social demand. The analysis of institutional and systematical structure based on college classification is a key objective of classified research, based on which the government can adjust the direction of disciplinary development.

  4. The sustainable development of vegetable production system from the carbon footprint perspective in Hubei Province%基于碳足迹视角的湖北省蔬菜生产可持续发展探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡世霞; 向荣彪; 董俊; 齐振宏

    2016-01-01

    paper examined and calculated the carbon footprint in the vegetable industry of Hubei Province from 2003 to 2013. Results showed that 1) the carbon footprint caused by vegetable production in Hubei Province increased by 23.06%, from 116.05×104tCE in 2003 to 142.81×104 tCE in 2013; 2) in the vegetable production system, the top three sources for carbon footprint of greenhouse gas emission were fertilizer, pesticides, and irrigation electrical energy input, accounting for 58.07%, 18.47%, and 9.03% of the total emission carbon footprint respectively; 3) from 2003 to 2013, the trend of carbon intensity of land use was stabilized at 0.97-1.29 tCE/hm2, and the unit production carbon intensity was increased from 37.06 kgCE/t to 39.91 kgCE/t, earning carbon intensity was decreased from 0.10 kgCE per yuan to 0.02 kgCE per yuan, and carbon ecological efifciency was reduced from 1.87 to 1.73; and 4) multiple regression analysis showed that there was a signiifcant linear correlation between the carbon footprint of total greenhouse gas emission and the usage of fertilizer, pesticides, and irrigation electrical energy in vegetable production system of Hubei, with the correlation coefifcients of 0.571, 0.341 and 0.228, respectively. Based on the analysis results, this paper provides the following suggestions: enhancing scientiifc application of fertilizers, raising large-scale land operation level, promoting biological prevention, and constructing greenhouse gas release prevention and control system.

  5. Investigation on medical waste management in medical institutions in Hu-bei Province%湖北省医疗机构医疗废物管理现状调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩颖; 赖晓全; 熊薇; 徐敏; 魏诗晴; 谢红艳

    2016-01-01

    目的:调查湖北省医疗机构医疗废物的管理现状,并提出改进对策。方法依据相关规范自行设计调查问卷,采用随机分层抽样方法于2015年4月实地调查湖北省75所医院医疗废物管理情况,获得有效问卷73份。结果73所医院的医疗废物管理软硬件建设基本符合规范要求,组织与制度管理、科室分类处置情况各项合格率均在90%以上;83.56%(61/73)的医院开展了医疗废物最佳环境实践相关宣传;减少使用一次性医疗器械、用品品种达40余种;76.71%(56/73)的医院输液软袋都交由签约公司回收利用;医院病理科的化学性废液交危险废物处置中心处理的仅占21.54%(14/65);骨科钢板处置方法不一,56.16%(41/73)的医院将其作为医疗废物,仅35.62%(26/73)的医院告知患者处置方式,与患者签署知情同意书。结论湖北省医疗机构医疗废物管理已逐步得到重视,但对于特殊类别的医疗废物处置,如输液袋(瓶)、骨科钢板、病理科化学性废液处置均存在不同程度的问题,仍需加大培训,进一步规范医疗废物分类处置。%Objective To investigate the situation of medical waste management in medical institutions of Hubei Prov-ince,and put forward the improvement strategies.Methods The questionnaires were designed according to the relevant standards,situation of medical waste management in 75 hospitals in Hubei Province was investigated by stratified sampling, 73 available questionnaires were got.Results The construction of medical waste management software and hardware in 73 hospitals were basically met the requirements of the standards,the qualified rates in organization and system management, classification and disposal of medical waste in departments were all >90%;83.56% (61/73)of the hospitals carried out the best environmental practice(BEP)for medical waste;application of

  6. 湖北省不同碘含量食用盐的社区干预研究%The study of community intervention on salt with different iodine concentrations in Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周素华; 石青; 尹坚; 李明健; 黄宝国; 陈致泽; 熊培生

    2014-01-01

    目的 了解湖北省居民食用不同碘含量食用盐后,人群碘营养状况的变化特点,根据世界卫生组织推荐的人群碘营养状况评价标准,提出适合湖北省食用盐的适宜碘含量标准.方法 根据2010年湖北省居民碘盐和尿碘监测结果,选择武汉市的新洲区、天门市和宜昌市的长阳县作为干预区.每个干预区选择2个乡(镇)作为干预点.采用盐碘含量为(15±3) mg/kg和(25±3)mg/kg的食用盐进行为期4个月的社区干预试验.在干预前及干预3、4个月时,每个干预点分别采集8~10岁儿童、孕妇和哺乳期妇女及18~ 45岁成人尿样各40份,进行尿碘含量检测.对不同人群干预前后的尿碘中位数进行分析和比较.结果 干预3、4个月时,盐碘含量为(15±3)mg/kg的乡(镇),儿童尿碘中位数由干预前的294.2 μg/L降至185.6、195.7.μg/L,孕妇和哺乳期妇女由干预前的269.0 μg/L降至141.7、176.1 μg/L,成人由干预前的304.9 μg/L降至199.7、202.2μg/L;盐碘含量为(25±3)mg/kg的乡(镇),儿童尿碘中位数由干预前的301.1 μg/L降至229.7、253.8μg/L,孕妇和哺乳期妇女由干预前的261.4.μg/L降至196.6、206.5 μg/L,成人由干预前的379.7μg/L降至244.3、237.4 μg/L.结论 根据世界卫生组织推荐的人群碘营养状况评价标准和干预前后各类人群尿碘中位数及居民人均日摄盐量的下降趋势,盐碘含量25 mg/kg相对比较适合作为湖北省盐碘调整后食用盐碘含量的平均水平.%Objective To know the changing characteristics of residents' iodine nutritional status after eating salt with different iodine concentrations in Hubei Province,according to the assessment standard of iodine nutrition recommended by WHO/UNICEF/ICCIDD provide a scientific standard for appropriate iodine concentration in edible salt.Methods According to inhabitants' salt and urine surveillance of Hubei in 2010,Xinzhou District,Tianmen City and Changyang County were selected

  7. Trial Excavation at the Xujiafen Site in Xiaogan City,Hubei%湖北孝感市徐家坟遗址试掘

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孝感市博物馆

    2001-01-01

    This site lies to the west of Xujiawan, Guiqiao village, Xiaogan city, Hubei province,and occupies a total area of 30,000 sq m. The remains belong to the Neolithic and early Shang cultures.The former category includes an ash-pit and artifacts of the pottery ding tripod, vat-shaped object, jar,urn, plate, bowl, dou stemmed vessel, cup, vessel cover and spindle whorl, and the stone axe, adze,chisel and arrowhead. The latter comprises the pottery jar, large-mouthed zun vase, urn, plate, dou and vat-shaped object. According to the characteristic features of the objects, the Neolithic group of remains should be assigned to the Shijiahe culture, while the early Shang group must have directly developed from cultural complexes in the Central Plains as some of its objects are similar to those from Hubei Huangpi Panlongcheng and some resemble those from Erlitou and upper Erligang.

  8. Diagnostic Analysis on a Regional Rainstorm Weather in North-central Henan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] The research aimed to analyze a regional rainstorm weather process in north-central Henan Province. [Method] Based on the conventional meteorological observation data and the rainfall data of Henan Meteorological Station, the diagnostic analysis of atmospheric thermodynamics and dynamics on a rainstorm weather process in north-central Henan Province on July 19, 2010 was carried out. The characteristics of physical quantity field and the evolution of weather situation in north-central Henan Provi...

  9. Central Atlantic Magmatic Province (CAMP): The Palisade Sill Connection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghatak, A.; Basu, A. R.

    2012-12-01

    The extensively studied 200Ma Central Atlantic Magmatic Province (CAMP) is considered to be the world's largest continental Large Igneous Province (LIP) covering up to 7 X 106 km2. This igneous province has been linked to the ~200Ma Mesozoic opening of the Central Atlantic Ocean. This opening fragmented the CAMP into several segments that occur on four different tectonic plates today. The CAMP related LIP is different from others in that it constitutes almost entirely of dikes and sills with sparse volcanic outflows. The 200 Ma Palisade Sill, exposed along the Hudson River in northeastern North America is an expression of the CAMP magmatism. On the basis of similar ages of eruption, Palisade Sill tholeiites have been correlated to other CAMP exposures in four continents. We provide an isotopic tracer study of the Palisade Sill basalts and relate them to low-Ti (gabbros, 3 chilled margin basalts, and 4 sandstones spanning the entire length and thickness of the Palisade Sill in New York and New Jersey. These geochemical data are essential to understand the relationship between mantle geodynamic processes involved in the generation of the CAMP tholeiites prior to the formation of the of the Atlantic Ocean crust. The Palisade Sill basalts of this study yield the typical composition of low-Ti CAMP tholeiites with small LREE enrichments (LaN/SmN = 1.7 to 2.3), radiogenic Sr and negative ɛNd(I) values (87Sr/87Sr(I) = 0.70668 to 0.71037; ɛNd(I) = -0.64 to -3.8), and Pb-isotopic ratios (e.g. 206Pb/204Pb = 18.11 to 18.69) above the NHRL and subparallel to it. These geochemical data indicate the Palisade Sill basalts were derived from a slightly enriched OIB-like mantle source. Further, these rocks were derived by ~15% melting of a slightly depleted spinel peridotite with up to 20% contamination by the continental lithosphere prior to or during the emplacement of these lavas. Since other low-Ti CAMP lavas have similar geochemistry and eruption ages of the Palisade Sill

  10. Exploring Urbanization Patterns for Counties in Underdeveloped Mountainous Areas: A Case Study of Hubei, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lin; Xiaoru

    2015-01-01

    In the present work, features of urbanization of 24 underdeveloped mountainous counties(UMCs) in Hubei Province are analyzed and summarized, which includes low rates of urbanization, signifi cant nonlocal urbanization, undeveloped three industries, and a homogeneous spatial layout of underdeveloped towns. Moreover, our analysis reveals that driving forces originating from favorable macro policies, medium economy, and micro elements are needed to speed up the urbanization in such areas. Based on the case study, we proposes a new path pattern for urbanization of these UMCs in western & central China. In principle, this pattern mainly consists of two important strategies which are driven by a simultaneous development of industry and trade and the exploitation of local characteristics in both economics and culture. In addition, the practice of such a new urbanization path should be carried out through incremental development together with the construction of node-centralizing towns.

  11. 湖北省农村老年人跌倒发生情况及影响因素分析%Elderly Falling Information and Analysis of Risk Factors in Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石蕊; 武丽; 张涛; 曹忠强; 姜雪锦; 王友洁

    2012-01-01

    目的 研究湖北省麻城市农村地区老年人跌倒发生的现状及其影响因素.方法 采用多阶段整群抽样抽取湖北省麻城市农村地区3个办事处的17个行政村60岁以上的老年人作为研究对象,调查过去一年内跌倒的发生情况及其相关影响因素.采用χ2检验以及单因素Logistic回归分析研究影响农村老年人跌倒发生的危险因素.结果 在本调查中前一年内发生跌倒的老年人共268人,跌倒发生率为13.5%.跌倒主要以不小心摔跤为主,占66.4%.单因素分析发现,抑郁与老人跌倒的发生相关.Logistic回归分析抑郁的老年人与非抑郁老年人相比发生跌倒风险增加(OR=1.967,95%CI:1.451~2.667).结论 湖北省农村地区老年人跌倒发生率高,抑郁是影响老年人跌倒发生的重要危险因素.社会与家庭应关注并积极治疗抑郁老人,减少老年人跌倒的发生.%Objective To estimate the prevalence of elderly falling and to examine the risk factors of the elderly falling in rural community. Methods A cross-sectional study was performed on 3 rural communities (17 villages)in Macheng city of Hubei province. 2 000 elderly persons were interviewed regarding the information about falling in one year ,general information and the risk factors of falling. Results 268 elderly persons experienced at least once falling in the past year ,and the incidence of falling in the past year was 13. 5% . After adjusting for potential confounding factors ,depression(OR= 1. 967 ,95% CI:1. 451-2. 667 )was the risk factor causing falling. Conclusion The incidence of falling in elderly persons of rural community in Hubei is high. Depression is a significant risk factor of the elderly falling in rural community. Society and family should pay attention to and treat elderly depression to prevent the elderly falling.

  12. Thalassemia and hemoglobinopathies in Thua Thien Hue Province, Central Vietnam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Hoa Van; Sanchaisuriya, Kanokwan; Nguyen, Dung; Phan, Hoa Thi Thuy; Siridamrongvattana, Sirivara; Sanchaisuriya, Pattara; Fucharoen, Supan; Fucharoen, Goonnapa; Schelp, Frank P

    2013-01-01

    A community-based assessment of thalassemias and hemoglobinopathies was conducted at the Thua Thien Hue Province, Central Vietnam. By cluster sampling, a total of 410 pregnant women attending the antenatal care service at 30 commune health centers were recruited consecutively from September 2011 to June 2012. Hemoglobin (Hb) analysis was performed using an automated Hb analyzer. α-Thalassemia (α-thal) genes were identified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based techniques. Out of the 410 pregnant women, 2.7% carried α(0)-thal and 1.2% were β-thal carriers. One woman with the - -(THAI) deletion was also found. Among the females under survey, structural Hb variants with 3.2% Hb E [β26(B8)Glu→Lys, GAG>AAG; HBB: c.78G>C] and 3.7% Hb Constant Spring [Hb CS; α142, Term→Gln, TAA>CAA (α2); HBA2: c.427T>C] were found. Assessing the frequency of thalassemias and hemoglobinopathies by ethnicity, Kinh (Vietnamese) and ethnic minority groups, Hb CS with a high frequency of 24.0% was observed in the ethnic minority groups. These results provide basic population-based information, are useful not only for implementing measures for prevention and control of thalassemias in the region but also for studying the importance of thalassemias and hemoglobinopathies in ethnic minorities within Southeast Asia.

  13. Management of flood victims: Chainat Province, central Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wisitwong, Anchaleeporn; McMillan, Margaret

    2010-03-01

    This article focuses on the processes of flood management and the experiences of flood victims in Chainat Province, central Thailand, so as to develop knowledge about the future handling of such disasters. A phenomenological qualitative approach was used to describe the processes of providing assistance to flood victims. In-depth interviews and observation were used to collect the data. Criterion sampling was used to select 23 participants. Content analysis of the data revealed that some flood victims could predict flooding based on prior experiences, so they prepared themselves. The data revealed six themes that demonstrated that those who could not predict how floods would impact on them were unprepared and suffered losses and disruption to their daily life. Damaged routes meant people could not go to work, resulting in the loss of income. There was a lack of sanitary appliances and clean drinking water, people were sick, and experienced stress. At the community level, people helped one another, making sandbags and building walls as a defense against water. They formed support groups to enable the processing of stressful experiences. However, later, the water became stagnant and contaminated, creating an offensive smell. The government provided assistance to cut off electricity services, food and water, toilets and health services, and water drainage. In the recovery phase, the victims needed money for investment, employment opportunities, books for children, extra time to pay off loans, reconnection of electricity, surveys of damage, and pensions to deal with damage and recovery.

  14. CLEAN RIVER PROGRAM AT KALIGARANG CENTRAL JAVA PROVINCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harihanto Harihanto

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Kaligarang River that located n Central Java Province represents one of the rivers in Indonesia which water quality was proved very bad. Since 1989 Clean River Program has been executed in this river. Nevertheless, untul 1998 there have not yet independent evaluation towards this program. To Know wether of this program successful a survey has been conducted from November 1998 to November 1999. The success of this program investigated by: (1 reducing of pollutant loads, (2 target of pollution loads that reached, and (3 improving of river water quality. It was foujd that this program has been successfully reducing pollutant loads of waste of all factories as target froups. Nevertheless, the quality of water of Kaligarang River was still relatively bad. This condition porbably was cause by domestic waste partivularly from hospital, hotel, restaurant dan small factories that was not included as tartet group in this program. Thus it was conclude at the implementation of the Clean River Program in Kaligarang has not been succesful to im[rove water quality of this river.

  15. 紫距淫羊藿的地理分布新记录及形态描述%New records of Epimedium epsteinii (Berberidaceae) in Guangdong and Hubei provinces and morphologic description

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐艳琴; 石慧君; 刘少雄; 胡生福

    2016-01-01

    obser-vation, statistics and description. E. epsteinii is regarded as an endemic species, which was restricted distribution in the Tianpingshan Mountains of Hunan Province. However, through the extensive field investigation, it was found that the species also distributed in Nanling National Forest Park ( Guangdong Province ) and Jianshi County ( Hubei Province). The new distribution was located in north and south of the Tianpingshan Mountains, respectively. The present report has significantly expanded the natural distribution range of E. epsteinii. Based on the‘population’ concept, exten-sive variation was observed among individuals and populations. Both the main quantitative traits, i.e. the plant height, inflorescence length, number of flowers, rhizome diameter, length and width of leaf, and color of flower were presented abundant variations. A correct species concept stems from a correct and thorough understanding of the nature of variation pattern of plants and its taxonomical value. Therefore, the populations not only are useful for taxonomical research, but also have great significance in contributing to a better understanding or interpretation of the variation pattern of the spe-cies. The new records of E. epsteinii in Guangdong and Hubei provinces will be useful for the resource utilization, and for further research on the spreading mechanism and phytogeography of genus Epimedium.

  16. [Regional differences of inputs of organic matter and chemical fertilizer in South Central China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Huan-yao; Wu, Jin-shui; Zhou, Jiao-gen; Xiao, He-ai; Zhou, Ping

    2015-09-01

    This article analyzed the inputs of organic matter and chemical fertilizer in the cropland of South Central China, i.e., Hunan, Hubei, Guangdong and Guangxi, and then calculated the budgets of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K), based on the data from field investigations and peasant household surveys in the four provinces. The results showed that total amounts of organic matter inputs in the four provinces was ranked as follow: 8993 kg · hm(-2) in Guangxi, 6390 kg · hm(-2) in Hunan, 5012 kg · hm(-2) in Hubei, 4630 kg · hm(-2) in Guangdong, and average NPK inputs in the four provinces were ranked as follow: 777.5 kg · hm(-2) in Guangxi, 501.6 kg · hm(-2) in Hunan, 486.4 kg · hm(-2) in Hubei, 340.4 kg · hm(-2) in Guangdong. The N and P input surpluses were greatest in Guangxi (67.2% and 99.0% as for N and P, respectively) , followed by Hunan (33.2% and 50.8%), Hubei (11.8% and 11.0%), and Guangdong (7.8% and 30.0%). However, K input was deficient in Hunan, Hubei, and Guangdong (6.6%, 18.7% and 12.4%), but surplus in Guangxi (19.5%).

  17. Input -output Analysis of High -tech Enterprises of Hubei Province-A Case Study of 46 High -tech Listed Companies%高新技术企业投入产出分析--以46家湖北省高新技术上市企业为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘峰; 谢吕元

    2014-01-01

    High -tech enterprises are the main force of industrial transformation and upgrading,so input -output efficien-cy of high -tech enterprises is particularly important.This paper,take 46 high -tech listed companies in Hubei Province as the research object,from three angles,R &D investment,wages and salaries investment and the acquisition or construc-tion of assets invested into,with regression analysis of the main business income,studied the input and output the status quo of high -tech enterprises in Hubei Province,and proposed measures to optimize the efficiency of input and output.%高新技术企业是产业转型升级的主力军,因此高新技术企业的投入产出效率就显得尤为重要。以46家湖北省高新技术上市企业作为研究对象,从研发投入、员工工资投入以及购建资产投入三个角度与主营业务收入进行回归分析,研究湖北省高新技术企业投入产出的现状,并提出优化投入产出效率的措施。

  18. Analysis on Scoring Character of U18 Male Football Team of Hubei Province in the 12th National Games%第十二届全运会湖北省U18男子足球队进球特征分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑原; 刘五一; 朱成成; 索伟

    2014-01-01

    Statistical analysis of the 26 goals in 13 games of Hubei province football team in the 12th National Games, the study indicates that the team offensive capability is rising as the increasing of the game difficulty. The main attack tactics is fast attack; main goal area is serve area; basic form of assists is wide passing; the key of scoring is direct shot. The team of Hubei province is good at bureau, while also have a higher chance to win and more calm playing under the condition of leading.%统计分析第十二届全运会湖北省U18男子足球队13场比赛的26个进球,研究表明:随着比赛难度的增加,湖北队进攻能力也在逐渐提升。湖北队得分的主要进攻战术打法是快速进攻;主要进球区域是发球区内;基本助攻形式是边路传球;关键得分手段是直接射门。湖北队善打开局,在领先条件下发挥更从容,取胜几率也更高。

  19. 湖北省临床化学常规检验项目不精密度分析%Analysis of the Imprecision of Clinical Routine Chemistry Analysis Tests in Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘莉兰; 邓盼; 祝卫平

    2015-01-01

    目的:了解湖北省临床化学常规检验项目满足允许不精密度质量规范的水平。方法收集2013年参加湖北省临床化学室内质控数据实验室间比对计划中值浓度水平的室内质控数据,分析钾、钠、氯、总钙、磷、葡萄糖、尿素、尿酸、肌肝、总蛋白、清蛋白、总胆固醇、三酰甘油、丙氨酸氨基转移酶、天门冬氨酸氨基转移酶、总胆红素、碱性磷酸酶、淀粉酶、肌酸激酶、乳酸脱氢酶和γ-谷氨酰基转移酶等21个临床化学常规检验项目的室内质控变异系数,采用1/3TEa,1/4TEa,WS/T403-2012和基于生物学变异导出的允许不精密度作为质量规范,分析实验室满足各质量规范标准所占的比例。结果50%以上实验室能满足1/3 Tea,1/4 Tea,WS/T403-2012和基于生物学变异导出的最适、最低允许不精密度质量规范要求的项目有三酰甘油、丙氨酸氨基转移酶、肌酸激酶、总胆红素;50%以上实验室不能满足以上所有质量规范的项目有氯和肌酐;所有实验室不能满足基于生物学变异导出的最佳允许不精密度的项目有钠和总钙。以80%的实验室变异系数小于质量规范作为合格评价标准,21个项目中满足生物学变异最低质量规范的项目数最多,占66.7%,满足 WS/T403-2012和生物学变异最佳质量规范的项目数最少,占14.3%。结论参加湖北省室内质控数据实验室间比对的实验室21个项目的室内质控变异系数总体上是达到要求的,但部分项目的检测结果离散度大,实验室应根据该室的检测能力和质量规范标准设定合适的不精密度水平,并通过实验室的持续改进不断提高检验质量。%Objective To learn how well these items of Hubei Province meet the quality standards of allowed imprecision. Methods Collected the indoor quality control data of median concentration levels from the

  20. Epidemiological investigation on Paragonimiasis skrjabini in Shiyan region in Hubei province%湖北十堰地区斯氏并殖吸虫病流行状况变化及原因分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱名胜; 朱敬; 卫荣华; 朱艳霞

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the prevalence of Paragonimus skrjabini infection in Shiyan,and to explore its reasons. Methods Epidemiological survey and retrospective analysis were done in three towns of Danjiangkou city,Zhushan county and Zhuxi county in Shiyan district. The intermediate hosts( snails, crabs ) and reservoir hosts( cat, dog, civet cat, wildcat ) were collected to examine the incidence of Paragonimus skrjabini infection. Results The average infection rates of Tricula sp and Sinopotamon spp were 0. 25% and 9. 11% ,respectively,and that of reservoir hosts was 3.61%. Compared with the rate in 1988 ( 87. 10% ),the infection rate in Sinopotamon spp decreased considerably. Conclusion Prevalence of Paragonimiasis in Hubei province Shiyan city still exists, and the decline of the infecting rate may be caused by the changes of ecologic environment.%目的 调查湖北省十堰地区斯氏并殖吸虫病流行状况变化,分析其原因.方法 2011年选择十堰地区丹江口市、竹山县和竹溪县3个镇进行流行病学调查和回顾性分析.调查斯氏并殖吸虫中间宿主拟钉螺与华溪蟹和保虫宿主(猫、犬、果子狸、野猫)的感染率.结果 斯氏并殖吸虫病流行区中间宿主拟钉螺和华溪蟹的感染率分别为0.25%和9.11%.与1988年(87.10%)相比,华溪蟹的感染率明显下降.结论 湖北省十堰市原流行区仍有斯氏并殖吸虫病流行,生态环境改变可能导致华溪蟹的感染率下降.

  1. 湖北不同地区锈赤扁谷盗磷化氢抗性比较%Comparison of phosphinere sistance of Cryplotestes ferrugineus (Stephens) from different areas of Hubei province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    禹建辉; 谢令德; 沈茜; 贺艳萍

    2013-01-01

      Phosphine -resistance in 5 populations of Cryplotestes ferrugineus (Stephens) collected from different areas of Hubei province were detected through the method recommended by FAO .The result showed more significantly of phosphine resistance level between 5 populations of Cryplot estes ferrugineus.XYCF was susceptible population and the Rf value was 4.4 times.ZXCF and WHCF were low resistance populations and the Rf values were 7.4 and 8.3, respectively.JZCF and MCCF were very high resistance populations and the Rf values were 197.5 and 838.4, respectively.The differences of phosphine -resistance level were related with phosphine usage . And very high phosphine resistance populations were difficult to prevent and cure only by phosphine fumigation . So, reducing the frequency of use of phosphine and strengthening the daily management were the main measures to delay the stored grain pest resistance of phosphine fumigation .%  采用 FAO 推荐的抗性测定方法对采自湖北五个地区的锈赤扁谷盗 Cryptolestes ferrugineus(Stephens)种群进行磷化氢毒力测定,结果表明:这五个地区锈赤扁谷盗种群对磷化氢的抗性水平差异极大,湖北襄阳种群(XYCF)磷化氢抗性最低为4.4倍,属敏感种群;湖北钟祥(ZXCF)和湖北武汉种群(WHCF)抗性倍数分别为7.4和8.3倍,属低抗性种群;湖北荆州(JZCF)和湖北麻城种群(MCCF)的磷化氢抗性倍数分别为197.5和838.4倍,属极高抗性种群。

  2. 湖北省小城镇污染治理与环境保护研究%Analysis on Small Town's Pollution Control and Environment Protection in Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹晓涓; 高洁

    2015-01-01

    The small town's ecological environment construction and waste disposal in Hubei Province has made progress under the intervention of local government. However, the effect of waste disposal and harmless treatment is not obvious and the funding cannot satisfy social need. On the one hand, environment goods belong to public source, which enhance the diffi-culty of small town's pollution control. On the other hand, the public management system makes the environmental regulator's responsibilities are not clear. And local government officials tend to pay more attention to the speed of economic growth in-stead of environmental problems. It is necessary to build scientific official assessment system, improve the environment statisti-cal work, build environmental resources pricing mechanism based on marketization, establish green subsidy system, popularize environmental protection concept to the public.%近年来,湖北省小城镇的生态环境建设和污染物治理在地方政府的干预下取得了较快发展,但污染物减排和无害化处理的成效并不明显,治污资金的投入也无法满足社会的需求。究其根源,一方面是由于环境物品作为公共资源本身的特点加大了小城镇治污的难度,另一方面是由于中国目前条块分割治理的行政管理体制设置导致环境监管部门的权责不清晰,而地方政府的部分官员往往更重视经济增长的速度,忽视了环境问题。因此,需要建立科学的官员考核制度,完善环境统计数据工作,引入市场化的环境资源价格形成机制,建立绿色补贴制度,向公众普及环保理念。

  3. 湖北省县级公立医院经济运营效率分析%Financial efficiency analysis at the county level public hospitals in Hubei province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方子

    2015-01-01

    目的:了解湖北省县级公立医院改革试点医院2011年-2013年经济运行状况及经营效率,发现其中存在的问题。方法:通过定性与定量、t检验与对比分析等方法,研究经济运行现状及其变化发展趋势。结果:试点医院固定资产收益率低于流动资产收益率,改革前后收益率无显著差异。业务收支在2012年扭亏为盈,但低于全国平均水平。卫生人员服务效率逐年提高,药品收入逐年下降。结论:提出了合理配置和利用卫生资源、强化医院财务风险管理制度、保障医务人员劳动价值体现、健全政府补偿机制等政策建议。%Objectives: To study the pilot reform of public hospitals at the county level hospitals in Hubei province from 2011 to 2013 the economic operation condition and operation efficiency and find problems. Methods:By means of qualitative and quantitative analysis, and methods of comparative analysis, research status and change trend of economic operation. Results:The people's hospital of fixed rate of return on assets is lower than the current assets, business income and expenses to profitability in 2013, health personnel service efficiency increase year by year, drug income decline year by year., the research status and change trend of economic operation. Conclusion:Suggestions such as putting forward reasonable configuration and use of health resources, to strengthen the hospital financial risk management system, guaranteeing the embodiment of the medical staff labor value and improving the compensation mechanism are presented.

  4. 湖北省禽白血病典型病例的病理学诊断%Pathological Diagnosis on Typical Case of Avian Leukemia in Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张雨萌; 房志鑫; 谷长勤; 张万坡; 程国富; 胡薛英

    2012-01-01

    对湖北省荆门市、襄阳市及武汉市新洲区的三例疑似禽白血病病例进行组织病理学观察,并采用禽白血病病毒抗体检测试剂盒(ALV-AB)及禽白血病病毒-J亚群抗体检测试剂盒(ALV-J)对样本进行血清学检查.结果表明,武汉市新洲区送检病例为血管瘤并发黑色素瘤、淋巴瘤及髓细胞瘤并发现肝细胞异常增生和肾小管上皮细胞异常增生,ALV-AB亚群血清抗体阳性;荆门市送检病例为淋巴瘤并发髓细胞瘤,AB亚群、J亚群血清抗体均为阴性;襄阳市送检病例为典型的髓细胞瘤混杂纤维肉瘤,ALV-J亚群血清抗体阳性.%3 samples of suspected avian leukosis chickens from Jinmen, Xiangyang and Xinzhou in Hubei province were ex-amined by histopathological observation and serum detection using the Avian Leukosis Virus Antibody Test Kit-subgroup J (ALV-J) and Avian Leukosis Virus Antibody Test Kit(ALV-AB). The results showed that the sample from Xinzhou was He-mangioma plus myelocytoma, lymphoma and melanoma, and also dysplasia of hepatocytes and renal tubular epithelial cells were observed, the serum antibody of ALV-AB subsets was positive. The sample from Jinmen was lymphoma plus myelocytoma and the serum antibody of ALV-AB and the ALV-J subsets were both negative. The sample from Xiangyang was typical myelocytoma plus fibrosarcoma, and the serum antibody of ALV-J subsets was positive.

  5. 湖北省地方审定茶树品种中儿茶素含量分析%Quantitative analysis of catechins in local registered tea cultivars in Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金孝芳; 贾尚智; 石亚亚; 龚自明

    2014-01-01

    以12个湖北省地方审定茶树品种为供试材料,采用高效液相色谱法( HPLC )检测分析8种主要儿茶素组分含量。结果表明,儿茶素各组分变异系数在19.73%~67.17%之间,变异幅度较大;非酯型儿茶素组分含量间的变化趋势不明显,而酯型儿茶素各组分含量大小为EGCG>GCG>ECG>CG。基于儿茶素品质指数进行聚类分析显示,鄂茶1号、鄂茶8号、鄂茶10号3个茶树品种可以作为适制名优绿茶的品种;五峰212、五峰310、鄂茶3号、鄂茶6号4个茶树品种EGCG含量高,可用于开发特殊茶饮;鄂茶2号儿茶素品质指数最低,适制红茶,但其EGC和儿茶素总量最高,应在今后的生产和育种中善加利用。%The contents of 8 main catechins in 12 local registered tea cultivars in Hubei Province were determined by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC).The results showed that the variation coefficients of catechins'contents ranged from 19.73%to 67.17%.No significant trend was found within non-esterified catechins , while con-tents of ester catechins decreased in the order of epigallocatechin gallate ( EGCG ) >gallocatechin gallate ( GCG ) >epicatechin gallate(ECG)>catechin gallate(CG).According to the cluster analysis based on catechin quality in-dex, the varieties Echa 1, Echa 8 and Echa 10 were suitable for the production of high quality green tea .Wufeng 212 , Wufeng 310 , Echa 3 and Echa 6 with high EGCG level could be used for the development of special tea drinks . Echa 2 contained high EGC and total catechin level .Therefore, it was of great potential for the breeding and produc-tion of black tea .

  6. Epidemiological Analysis of Tuberculosis in Zhushan County of Hubei Province during 2004 -2010%湖北省竹山县2004-2010年肺结核流行病学分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙长喜

    2011-01-01

    目的 分析湖北省竹山县肺结核流行特征,为制定预防控制措施提供科学依据.方法 对竹山县2004-2010年肺结核疫情进行统计,用描述流行病学方法进行分析.结果 2004-2010年竹山县肺结核平均报告发病率为79.65/10万,疫情分布于17个乡镇,男性明显高于女性,以青壮年和老年农民发病为主,1和3月份报告发病较多.结论 通过全面实施现代结核病控制策略(以下简称DOTS策略),有效地遏制了结核病的高发态势,但结核病仍是影响全县人民身体健康重大传染病.对DOTS策略的受益较小是肺结核流行的主要原因.加强病人归口管理,及时诊断、报告和转诊肺结核病人,全面实施DOTS策略,可有效地控制结核病疫情.%[Objective]To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of tuberculosis in Zhushan county of Hubei province, provide the scientific evidence for making the prevention measures. [ Methods] The epidemic data of tuberculosis from 2004 to 2010 in Zhushan county were analyzed by descriptive epidemiology. [ Results] From 2004 to 2010, the average reported incidence of tuberculosis in Zhushan county was 79.65/lakh, and epidemic had been found in 17 towns. The incidence in males was significantly higher than that in females, most of patients were young adults and the old farmers, and peak season was January and March. [Conclusion]The full implementation of Directly Observed Treatment Short-course (DOTS) has effectively controlled the high incidence of tuberculosis , but tuberculosis is still the major infectious disease that harms the peoples health in Zhushan county. The main cause of tuberculosis epidemic is people received little benefit from the DOTS strategy. In order to effectively control tuberculosis, it is necessary to strengthen the convergence case-management in patients, timely diagnose, report and transfer patients with tuberculosis, and fully implement DOTS strategy.

  7. 湖北省夷陵区农村人口糖尿病及糖调节受损的调查研究%A survey of diabetes and impaired glucose regulation in rural residents of Yiling of Hubei province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高学文; 高学农; 张军; 罗长梅; 吴艳艳; 丁兆梅; 杨金玲; 望燕

    2012-01-01

    Objective Objective To investigate the prevalence of diabetes and impaired glucose regulation (IGR) in the rural residents of Yiling of Hubei province. Methods A random cluster sampling method was adopted. In total 9871 residents over the age of 35 from six communities of Yiling were taken as the subjects for investigation. Results Of the 9871 rural residents over the age of 35, 441 were found with diabetes, the prevalence was 4. 47%, and 608 were found with IGR, the prevalence was 6.16%. There were 256 newly identified diabetes patients, accounted for 58. 05% of the total diabetes patients. The incidence of diabetes increased along with age growing and BMI increase. The increase in systolic blood pressure, TG, and LDL-C made the risk increased. While the increased HDL-C and the enhanced physical exercises exert a protective effect on diabetes patients. Conclusion Diabetes is a common chronic disease of rural residents in Yiling. The incidence is increasing along with the increased values of blood pressure, BMI, lipid metabolism disorders and personal income. Therefore, the control of body weight, blood pressure and lipid levels is of great significance in preventing diabetes.%目的 调查湖北省夷陵区农村人口的糖尿病患病率及IGR的发病现状. 方法 采用随机整群抽样的方法,抽取夷陵区6个社区中35岁以上居民9871例进行调查. 结果 本次调查发现糖尿病患者441例(4.47%);IGR者608例(6.16%).新诊断糖尿病患者256例,占糖尿病患者总数的58.05%.糖尿病发病率随年龄的增长、BMI增加而升高.随SBP的增长,TG和LDL-C增高,其危险性亦升高.而HDL-C增高或者加强体育锻炼对糖尿病患者具有保护作用. 结论 糖尿病是夷陵区农村人口常见的慢性病,其患病率随血压升高、BMI增加、脂代谢紊乱、个人收入增长而升高.

  8. 湖北保康不同海拔高度烟田土壤微生物分析%Effect of Elevation on the Soil Microbe Quantity in Tobacco-Growing Region of Baokang in Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许汝冰; 李进平; 孔文; 陈振国; 李长影; 郭佳; 郭利; 曹祥练; 李晓华

    2012-01-01

    对不同海拔高度的烟田土壤中微生物进行测定和分析.结果表明,在不同海拔高度烟田土壤中,烟草采收期细菌和固氮菌数量随海拔高度的增加而增加.固氮菌变化速率和细菌变化速率高于放线菌变化速率和真菌变化速率,细菌和固氮菌变化速率随海拔高度的增加而增加,采收期细菌和固氮菌变化速率高于旺长期.细菌、固氮菌和放线菌根土比随海拔高度的增加呈增加趋势,在海拔高度为1 095 m,细菌、固氮菌和放线菌根土比最高.不同海拔高度烟田土壤中采收期细菌与真菌数量的比值(B/F)高于旺长期,海拔为746m的烟田土壤中细菌与真菌数量的比值小于海拔933和1 095m.%The effect of elevation on the soil microbe quantity in tobacco-growing region of Baokang in Hubei province was studied. The results showed that the quantity of soil bacteria and nitrogen-fixing bacteria in harvest period increased with the increasing of elevation in tobacco field soil. The change speed of nitrogen-fixing bacteria and bacteria were higher than that of actinomyces and fungi, and the change speed of bacteria and nitrogen-fixing bacteria increased with the increasing of elevation. The change speeds of bacteria and nitrogen-fixing bacteria in harvest period were higher than that in growing period. The quantity ratio of soil bacteria, nitrogen-fixing bacteria and actinomyces in rhizosphere soil to that in non-rhizosphere soil increased with the increasing of elevation, and the ratio at the elevation of 1 095 m was the highest. The quantity ratio of bacteria to fungus (B/F) in growing period was higher than that in harvest period at different elevations and the ratio at the elevation of 746 m was lower than that at the elevation of 933 m and 1 095 m.

  9. 湖北省罗田县板栗害虫种类调查%Investigation on the species of insect pests infesting on the chestnut plant (Castanea mollissima Blume)in Luotian County,Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖云丽; 汪玉平; 孙康; 徐向阳; 晏绍良; 钟玉林

    2015-01-01

    The species of insect pests infesting on chestnut plant Castanea mollissima Blume were systematically in-vestigated from 2013 to 2014 in Luotian County,Hubei Province.One hundred and ninety-two chestnut pest spe-cies in 61 families under 5 orders were recorded from Luotian County,among them,62 branch and trunk pests species in 23 families,1 53 leaf,bud and flower pests species in 49 families,1 5 fruit pests species in 8 families. Eighty-one named species in 37 families under 4 orders were firstly reported feeding on chestnut plants,including 24 branch and trunk pests species in 13 families,60 leaf,bud and flower pests species in 28 families,and 7 fruit pests species in 4 families.Cyllorhynchites cumulatus (Voss),Curculio davidi Fairmaire,Niphades castanes Chao,Conogethes punctiferalis (Guenée),Synanthedon kunmingensis Yang & Wang,Synanthedon menglaensis Yang & Wang,Lachnus tropicalis (van der Goot),Phalera assimilis (Bremer & Grey),and Dryocosmus kuriphi-lus Yasumatsu caused serious damage in the chestnut production.%2013-2014年度系统调查了湖北省罗田县板栗害虫种类,经分类整理与鉴定,罗田县板栗害虫共计5目61科192种,其中枝干害虫23科62种,叶芽花序害虫49科153种、果实害虫8科15种;板栗新纪录害虫4目37科81种(已命名种),其中枝干害虫13科24种,叶芽花序害虫28科60种,果实害虫4科7种。对板栗生产造成严重危害的主要有:果实害虫板栗剪枝象[Cyllorhynchites cumulatus (Voss)]、栗实象(Curculio davidi Fairmaire)、栗雪片象(Niphades castanes Chao)和桃多斑野螟[Conogethes punctiferalis (Guenée)];枝干害虫昆明兴透翅蛾(Synanthedon kunmingensis Yang & Wang)、勐腊兴透翅蛾(Synanthedon menglaensis Yang & Wang)和板栗大蚜[Lachnus tropicalis (van der Goot)];叶芽害虫栎掌舟蛾[Phalera assimilis (Bremer & Grey)]和板栗瘿蜂(Dryo-cosmus kuriphilus Yasumatsu)。

  10. 湖北省郧县2010年登革热蚊媒监测结果分析%Analysis on mosquito vectors surveillance results of dengue fever in Yun county of Hubei province in 2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔小波; 胡晓东; 杨玖栓

    2011-01-01

    Objective To understand the seasonal growth regularity of Aedes albopictus larvae and adult in Yun county , Hubei province, and provide scientific basis for control it. Method The larval indexs ( BI ( CI, HI) and adult densities of Aedes albopictus were surveillance at the last third of every month by field survey. Results The larvaes of Aedes albopictus were found in April at the earliest and latest in November, the larvae indexs ascended from April to June and reached to the peak in June (BI =84, CI =56, HI =50), and then descended month by month. The adults of Aedes albopictus were found from May to November, the density ascended from May to August, and reached to the peak in August (20 per person hour), and then descended month by month. Conclusions The seasonal growth regularity of the larvae and adult of Aedes albopictus were obviously, the larvae indexs were higher during May to September, the risk of dengue fever outbreak caused by imported infection was higher, therefore we should enhance environmental punish and disease surveillance.%目的 了解湖北省郧县登革热媒介白纹伊蚊幼虫和成蚊季节性消长规律,为登革热的防控提供科学依据.方法 每月下旬对监测点进行现场调查,监测白纹伊蚊的幼虫指数(BI、CI、HI)和成蚊密度.结果 最早监测到白纹伊蚊幼虫为4月,最晚为11月,4~6月幼虫指数逐月长升,6月最高(BI=84、CI=56、HI =50),后逐月下降.5~11月监测到白纹伊蚊成蚊,5~8月成蚊密度逐月上升,8月最高(20只/人工?h),后逐月下降结论 郧县白纹伊蚊幼虫和成蚊密度消长季节性明显,且5~9月幼虫指数较高,输人性登革热病例引起疫情暴发的风险较大,应加强环境整治和疾病监测.

  11. 荆州市104家企业健康管理需求调查%Health management needs of 104 enterprises in Jingzhou city of Hubei province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁红; 张丽华; 张学鹏; 向燕萍; 李俊; 丁丽; 卢铭浚

    2010-01-01

    Objective To understand enterprises' demands for health management. Methods Self-designed questionnaires were distributed to senior managing directors from 104 enterprises in Jingzhou City of Hubei Province. The counting data were expressed as percentage or accumulated percentage. Results The main health problems in Jingzhou City were chronic diseases (28.4%), unhealthy behaviors (40. 1% ), occupational diseases ( 22. 8% ), and enviromental pollution ( 8.7% ). Health service needs of enterprises included health speeches (37.2%),health consultation (53.8%),medical report interpretation (43. 2% ), nutrition intake guidance ( 10. 5% ), and green passage medical treatment ( 14. 7% ).Conclusion All the enterprises show strong needs for health management. Establishing appropriate health management model may have better prospects.%目的 了解荆州市企业对健康管理的需求,并探讨企业健康管理服务的策略和途径.方法 采用自行设计问卷随机对荆州市104家企业的中高层管理人员进行健康管理需求调查,发放问卷312份,收回273份,有效回收率为87.4%.计数资料用百分比、累计百分比表示.结果 荆州市企业的主要健康问题中各类慢性病占28.4%、不健康行为占40.1%、职业病占22.8%、环境污染占8.7%,企业所需求的健康管理服务项目集中表现为健康专题讲座占37.2%、健康咨询占53.8%、解读体检报告占43.2%、营养指导占10.5%、绿色就医占14.7%等.结论 不同类型的企业都表现出了对健康管理的重视,针对企业目前的主要健康问题和健康需求,建立了适合本地区企业健康管理服务模式,为企业员工提供了针对性的健康指导、健康干预措施,将有较好的前景.

  12. Investigation on the first human brucellosis in Hubei Province, 2011%2011年湖北省首起人间布鲁氏菌病暴发的调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘公平; 邢学森; 吴杨; 肖洁华; 李国明; 周启波; 官旭华

    2012-01-01

    To clarify the infection source and risk factors of transmission in a brucellosis outbreak in Dawn County , Xiaogan City during the periods from October 2010 to August 2011 which was the first outbreak in Hubei Province since 1950s , we conducted case searching , epidemiologic investigation and retrospective case-control study . There were 9 brucellosis patients in the same village in this outbreak , including 1 suspected case and 8 laboratory-confirmed cases . Two strains of B .melitensis biovar 3 were cultured in the blood of 2 confirmed cases . The case-control study showed that OR value of contacting sheep was 7(1.02-52 .59)and the ways of contacting were feeding the introduced sheep and cleaning the sheepfold . The current goats in the same village were detected positive for Brucella antibody . Because the feeding of introduced goats flock was the source of this brucellosis outbreak , we should strengthen the surveillance of the population at high risk and quarantine of the sheep or goats flock .%目的 调查湖北省自1950年后的首起布鲁菌病暴发疫情的感染来源和传播的危险因素,2011年暴发发生在湖北省孝感市大悟县.方法 采用病例搜索、流行病学调查和回顾性病例对照研究.结果 本起人间布病暴发有同村9名病例,其中疑似病例1例和实验室确诊病例8例,其中2例血培养出布鲁氏菌羊种3型.病例对照研究显示接触羊的OR=7(1.02~52.59),主要接触方式为对引入羊群进行饲养和清扫羊圈.同村现存羊检测布鲁菌血清抗体阳性.结论 引入羊群的饲养是发生布鲁氏菌病疫情的主要因素,应加强对高危人群的监测和对羊群的检疫.

  13. Analysis on Characteristics of Wind Power and Photovoltaic Power in the Type Area of Hubei Province%湖北省典型地区风电和光伏电站出力特性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯婷婷; 周小兵; 张维; 崔艳昭

    2016-01-01

    风电、光伏发电等新兴电源给传统电力系统的安全稳定运行带来了很大的挑战,本文对我国中部内陆新能源发电代表地区——湖北省孝感地区的风电场出力、光伏电站出力特性进行了全面分析,以历史实测出力数据为基础定性或定量归纳了其出力特征,包括随机性、波动性、概率属性、时序相关性、风光同时率及互补特性。本文的分析结果可以为中部内陆地区的风电、光伏发电等新能源的消纳、接入系统的优化运行及中长期规划提供理论指导。%Significant wind power and photovoltaic power integration in power system changes the conventional operation patterns due to their variability and uncertainty. In this new situation, the paper deeply analyzed the characteristics of wind power and photovoltaic power in Xiaogan area of Hubei Province, as a type region in the middle of China. The power indices are summarized qualita⁃tively or quantitatively based on the real historical measured data of the wind farm and photovoltaic station, including uncertainty, fluctuation, probability distribution, sequence correlation, simultaneity and complementarity between wind power and photovoltaic power. The results can provide theoreti⁃cal guidance for absorbing wind power and photovoltaic power and the middle-long term operation of the power system with a high penetration of renewable power such as wind power and photovoltaic power in the middle of China.

  14. The Research of Strength Training of Rowing Lightweight Athletes in Hubei Province%湖北省赛艇轻量级运动员力量训练的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨慧君; 池秀清; 齐家玉

    2013-01-01

    以湖北省16名赛艇轻量级运动员为研究对象,在研究赛艇运动员力量训练的生理学基础和赛艇运动生理特征的基础上为其制定为期21周的力量训练方案并实施,训练前后对其2000m成绩和卧拉、深蹲两项指标进行测试,训练期间对其蹲举、卧拉和收腹3项指标进行测试。对测试结果的分析表明,训练前后赛艇运动员的力量素质得到全面提高,最大力量素质存在显著性差异,力量耐力素质进步明显。在分析赛艇运动员力量训练效果的基础上提出建议,为赛艇运动员的力量训练提供参考依据。%Take the sixteen rowing lightweight athletes of Hubei province as research object, Making strength training program of twenty-one weeks in the foundation of researching physiological feather of strength training and rowing for them, And put it into effect. Testing their 2000m results and Lie pull, Squats two indexes before and after the training, And Squats, Down to pull and accept stomach three indexes during the training. The testing results indicate that the rowing athletes’ strength quality were improved comprehensively, During which Max Strength quality exist significant difference, And strength endurance quality display obvious progress. Offering proposals after analyzing the effect of strength training, And provide reference basis for rowing athletes’ strength training.

  15. Experimental waterfowl breeding population survey Maine, the Maritime provinces, and Central Quebec: 1997

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This report summarizes the Waterfowl Breeding Population and Habitat Survey for Maine, the Maritime provinces, and Central Quebec during 1997. The primary purpose of...

  16. Assessment of coalbed gas resources of the Central and South Sumatra Basin Provinces, Indonesia, 2016

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schenk, Christopher J.; Klett, Timothy R.; Tennyson, Marilyn E.; Mercier, Tracey J.; Brownfield, Michael E.; Pitman, Janet K.; Gaswirth, Stephanie B.; Finn, Thomas M.

    2016-12-09

    Using a geology-based assessment methodology, the U.S. Geological Survey estimated a mean of 20 trillion cubic feet of undiscovered, technically recoverable coalbed gas resource in the Central and South Sumatra Basin Provinces of Indonesia.

  17. Genetic analysis on S segment of hantaviruses in rodent hosts from Wuhan area, Hubei province%湖北省武汉地区啮齿动物汉坦病毒S基因的特征分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘东瀛; 刘婧; 李金林; 陈文; 罗凡; 李晴; 杨占秋

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解湖北省武汉地区啮齿动物自然感染汉坦病毒(HV)情况以及流行的基因型和亚型.方法 2000-2003年、2009-2011年秋冬季在武汉地区新洲、江夏区野外及居民区采用夹夜法捕鼠.对捕获的动物进行分类鉴定并取肺脏用间接免疫荧光法检测病毒抗原.抗原阳性的样本,采用RT-PCR方法扩增部分S片段核苷酸序列,构建系统发生树并进行基因分型.结果 2000-2003年捕获啮齿类动物437只,HV抗原阳性鼠肺标本24份,病毒携带率为5.49%.2009-2011年捕获啮齿类动物173只,HV抗原阳性鼠肺标本7份,病毒携带率为4.05%.褐家鼠为当地的优势鼠种.22份标本成功地用汉滩病毒(HTNV)、汉城病毒(SEOV)特异引物扩增部分S基因片段并测序.17只(13只褐家鼠,4只黑线姬鼠)鼠肺标本中扩增出SEOV部分S基因片段(nt 588~1147),分别属于第3亚型和2个新的基因亚型.5只黑线姬鼠的鼠肺标本中扩增出HTNV部分S基因片段(nt615- 1141),分别属于第7亚型和1个新的亚型.结论 武汉地区流行的HV为SEOV和HTNV,并发现新的基因亚型,SEOV可能“溢出”感染黑线姬鼠.%Objective To investigate the infection and genotype of hantaviruses in rodents from Wuhan area,Hubei province.Methods Rodents were trapped in fields and residential areas of Xinzhou and Jiangxia districts of Wuhan in autumn and winter seasons,from 2000 to 2003 and from 2009 to 2011.Trapped rodents were identified,and hantavirus antigens were detected in the lung tissues with indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA).Partial S segment sequences were amplified with RT-PCR in hantavirus antigen positive samples and then sequenced.Phylogenetic tree was constructed to analyze the genetic characteristics of hantaviruses.Results From 2000 to 2003,437 rodents were trapped,with 24 (5.49%) lung tissues showed hantavirus antigen positive.From 2009 to 2011,173 rodents were trapped and 7 (4.05%) were hantavirus antigen positive

  18. SRAP Analysis of Genetic Diversity of Riparian Plant Distylium chinense in Hubei Province%湖北河岸带植物中华蚊母树遗传多样性的SRAP分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢春花; 李晓玲; 栾春艳; 杨进; 陈发菊; 李争艳

    2012-01-01

    The genetic diversity and the genetic structure of four in situ populations and one ex situ conservation population of riparian plant Distylium chinense in Hubei province was investigated using sequence-related amplified polymorphism (SRAP) molecular marker technique. A high level of genetic diversity at the species level was observed with the selected 7 SRAP primer combinations generating 46 discernible DNA fragments, of which 37 (80. 43% ) were polymorphic. The observed number of alleles (A), the mean effective number of alleles (Ae) , Nei's gene diversity index (Hp) and Shannon' s information index (/) was 2.00, 1. 34, 0.215 9 and 0. 3509, respectively. Within populations, the genetic variation was found to be mainly caused by the variation within populations, accounting for 88. 39% of the total genetic variation and only 11. 61% among the populations. The gene flow of D. chinense between populations was 3. 807 2, which was a relative high gene flow and could efficiently prevent gene drift and maintain current genetic structure. Based on unweighted pair-group method with arithmetic averages (UPGMA) dendrogram and principal coordinates analysis (PCA) diagram, the five populations studied may be divided into two groups. Most accessions along riversides in Hubei province including Letianxi, Xiangxi and Gaojiayan populations were found in one group, which was further divided into two sub groups that corresponded to the their geographic distance. Yanduhe and Three Gorges Botanical Garden populations were clustered into another group, showing that the accessions of ex situ conservation population had relatively high relatedness with those from Yanduhe population. The mean genetic diversity in ex situ conservation population was higher than those in situ populations. Hence, the ex situ conservation program of Three Gorges Botanical Garden was considered to be successful in preserving genetic diversity of D. chinense. Moreover, combining the analysis of the genetic

  19. A study on the pathogenic characteristics and traceability of Vibrio cholera strains circulated in Hubei province in 2012%2012年湖北省霍乱的病原学研究及溯源分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张婷; 杨红梅; 程均福; 吕静; 刘公平; 李国明

    2013-01-01

      目的分析2012年湖北省霍乱流行的病原学特征,应用脉冲场凝胶电泳分析各疫情菌株之间的遗传相关性,查找霍乱传染来源,为制定防治措施提供依据。方法对35株霍乱弧菌菌株进行常规生化鉴定和毒素基因检验,以及药敏试验,采用脉冲场凝胶电泳( PFGE)技术获得电泳酶切指纹图谱并对图谱进行聚类分析。结果35株霍乱弧菌经检验均为霍乱 O139群,产毒株占71.42%,霍乱弧菌耐药结果显示四环素、复方新诺明、利福平耐药率分别为57.14%、88.57%、80.00%。 PFGE电泳图谱条带总相似率为80%~100%,具有一定的同源性。三起疫情中相同地区的大部分菌株都聚为一类,同源性为100%,提示为相同菌株感染所致;仅来源于荆州地区甲鱼中分离的菌株单独为一类与其他菌株不同。结论2012年湖北省霍乱弧菌的优势菌株为O139群,大部分产毒。药敏结果显示,菌株对四环素、复方新诺明、利福平大部分耐药;对亚胺培南、头孢曲松高度敏感;疫情中相同地区的大部分菌株聚为一类属于同一来源,不同地区的菌株有一定的变异,几起疫情暴发均与聚餐有关,所以注意食物卫生,从甲鱼中分离的菌株不产毒,提示甲鱼可能并不是疫情的主要毒株来源,应密切关注海、水产品的监测情况。%Objective To investigate the pathogenic characteristics of Vibrio cholera strains isola-ted from Hubei province in 2012 , and to identify the source of infection by analyzing their genetic correla-tions.Methods The biochemical identification , toxin gene detection and drug susceptibility test were car-ried out to analyze a total of 35 Vibrio cholera strains isolated from three epidemic areas .Comparison of ge-nomic DNA fingerprints and cluster analysis among isolates of Vibrio cholera was conducted by using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis ( PFGE

  20. 湖北省老年住院患者营养风险评估及营养支持状况调查%Evaluation of nutritional risk and investigation of nutrition support in elderly inpatients in Hubei province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周洪莲; 周丹; 朱虹; 叶梅; 沈利亚; 李曙平; 郭秋慧; 朱刚艳; 梅齐建

    2016-01-01

    目的 调查湖北省老年住院患者营养风险的发生率与营养支持治疗应用状况. 方法 设计老年住院患者营养调查表,对7个中心、2013年12月后人院、年龄≥70岁的住院患者进行记录,分别用营养风险筛查2002(NRS-2002)和微型营养评估法(MNA)进行营养不良和营养风险评估. 结果 共有符合标准507例患者人选,使用NRS2002和MNA评估法评估患者的整体营养风险发生率两者分别为60.9%和66.4%,两法评价结果一致,差异无统计学意义(x2=3.344,P>0.05).营养风险随年龄增长而增高(x2= 15.828,P<0.05).营养风险与文化程度无相关性(x2=0.345,P>0.05).营养风险患者中,共病数较多患者.整体营养支持率仅占18.7%,其中心血管病患者和糖尿病患者的营养支持率分别为13.8%和15.8%.流质饮食患者的营养支持率为14.3%.便秘与腹泻患者营养支持率分别为33.3%和22.9%.行为能力3、4级的患者营养支持率分别为19.5%和35.3%. 结论 湖北省老年住院患者营养风险的发生率较高,与年龄、性别及共病数密切相关.高营养风险患者的营养支持率较低,未得到足够的营养治疗.%Objective To investigate the incidence of nutritional risk and nutrition support in elderly hospitalized patients in Hubei province.Methods Elderly inpatients aged 70 years and over in seven research centers who were admitted in hospital after Dec.2013 were enrolled.Clinical data were recorded with a special designed form.The malnutrition and nutritional risk were screened using Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS2002) and Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) separately.Results A total of 507 patients were enrolled in this study.The overall prevalence of nutritional risk was 60.9 % and 66.4 % by NRS2002 and MNA respectively.Two methods comparison were consistent without statistical differences (x2 = 3.344,P > 0.05).The nutrition risk was increased along with ageing(x2

  1. Comparative Analysis on Eco-Efficiency of Arable Land Ecological Footprint in Hubei

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHENG Bihai; WANG Qing; LIU Jianxing

    2006-01-01

    This paper uses the ecological footprint model to make comparison of the eco-efficiency of arable land ecological footprint in different years in Hubei Province, and makes comparison of that in Hubei and some countries. The results indicate that, since 1965, the eco-efficiency of arable land ecological footprint in Hubei has been improved year by year. However, the efficiency of arable land ecological footprint, compared with some other areas in the world, is much lower. In 1965, average eco-efficiency of world arable land ecological footprint is 3 421 US dollar/hm2 while that of Hubei Province is 134 US dollar/hm2, about 1/26 of the world's average level. The eco-efficiency of arable land ecological footprint for 2003 in Hubei Province, however, has become about 1/9 of the world's average level for the same year. Finally the author puts forward the ways to raise the eco-efficiency of arable land ecological footprint.

  2. ORIGIN OF DOLOMITE IN THE SECOND MEMBER OF JIANLINGJIANG FORMATION OF LOWER TRIASSIC,SOUTHWESTERN HUBEI PROVINCE,CHINA%鄂西南下三叠统嘉陵江组二段白云岩化机制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡广成; 鲍志东

    2011-01-01

    The Jialingjiang Formation of Lower Triassic in the southwestern Hubei Province consists primarily of carbonate rocks characterized by limestone interbedded with dolomite. According to field outcrop investigation and laboratory analysis,the dolomite has been divided into micritic dolomite and doloarenite respectively. Based on the study of petrological characteristics, combined with the research of cathodoluminescence and geochemical properties of trace elements, carbon and oxygen isotopes, the genesis of dolomitization in the Jialingjiang Formation is thoroughly investigated. It is considered that the genesis of micritic dolomite is related to penecontem-poraneous dolomitization characterized by birdseyes,fenestral fabrics,gypsum pseudomorph,lower ordering degree and red or purplish red cathodeluminescence. While the genesis of doloarenite is related to mixed water dolomitization characterized by higher ordering degree,lower value of Na and Mn/Sr,higher value of Mn and Fe,relatively negative δ18O value,positive δ13C value and purplish red cathodeluminescence. Meanwhile, the abnormity of Sr reveals that burial dolomitization is the succession of mixed water dolomitization,and the dolomitizing fluids come from the Mg2+-riched brine of micritic dolomite.%鄂西南恩施地区下三叠统嘉陵江组为碳酸盐岩沉积,发育石灰岩与白云岩的互层,通过野外观察和室内分析表明,嘉二段主要发育两种类型的白云岩,即泥晶-粉晶白云岩和砂屑白云岩.在沉积环境和岩石学特征研究的基础上,结合微量元素、碳氧同位素和阴极发光等技术,对白云岩的形成机理进行了分析.泥晶-粉晶白云岩发育有鸟眼构造、窗格构造和石膏假晶等暴露沉积特征,有序度低,白云石发红色光、紫红色光,与准同生白云岩化作用有关;砂屑白云岩有序度高、Mn和Fe含量高、Na含量和Mn/Sr小,具有较负的δ18O值和较正的δ13C值,形成于受大气淡水影响的氧

  3. 湖北省规模化养鸭主要疫病流行情况调查%Epidemiological Research on the Main Disease of Ducks in Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨峻; 罗青平; 艾地云; 罗玲; 王红琳; 温国元; 张蓉蓉; 邵华斌

    2011-01-01

    对2006~2009年湖北省规模化养鸭主要疫病的流行情况进行实地调查和实验室诊断.共调查7个地(市)79个养鸭户和养鸭场182 850只鸭的主要疾病流行情况.成年鸭主要疾病有禽流感、鸭瘟、副粘病毒病、巴氏杆菌病、大肠杆菌和沙门氏菌混合感染等,调查36群成年鸭共83 200只,其中发病26 890只,发病率32.3%;死亡6 737只,病死率25.1%;对产蛋鸭生产性能均有不同程度影响.雏鸭的主要疾病有鸭病毒性肝炎、鸭疫里默氏杆菌病、大肠杆菌病和沙门氏菌病等,调查43群雏鸭共99 650只,其中发病19 720只,发病率19.8%;死亡5 541只,病死率28.1%.从采集的病料中分别分离到7株禽流感病毒、3株副粘病毒和3株鸭肝炎病毒;分离到17株鸭疫里默氏杆菌、36株大肠杆菌、9株巴氏杆菌等病原菌.%The epidemic situation of main diseases in scale duck-breeding farms from 2006 to 2009 was analyzed by on-site investigation and laboratory diagnosis. 182 850 ducklings and ducks from 79 duck farms in 7 districts of Hubei province were investigated and detected. The results showed that the ducks were mainly mix-infected with avian influenza virus, Duck plague virus,avian Paramyxoviridae virus, avian Pasteurella multocida, Escherichia coli and avian salmonellosis. In the investigated 83 200 ducks from 36 flocks, 26 890 ducks were infected, and 6 737 ducks died, the morbility and mortility was 32.3% and 25.1%, respectively. The ducklings were mainly infected by Duck viral hepatitis, Riemerella anatipestifer, E. Coli and avian salmonellosis. In the investigated 99 650 ducklings from 43 flocks, 19720 ducklings were infected and 5 541 ducklings died, the morbility and mortility was 19.8% and 28.1%, respectively. From these samples, 7 AIV strains, 3 Paramyxoviridae virus strains and 3 DHV strains, 17 R. Anatipestifer strains, 36 E. Coli strains and 9 avian P. Multocida strains were isolated.

  4. Evolution Characteristics of Drought at Different Time Scales in Hubei Province in the Past 50 Years%近50年湖北省多时间尺度干旱演变特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王文举; 崔鹏; 刘敏; 沈蕾; 李鑫; 秦鹏程

    2012-01-01

    Drought has significant impact on hydrological cycle, ecosystems, agricultural production and social life, thus requiring special attention. The characteristics of drought over a range of time scales were examined in Hubei Province in the past 50 years, using the standardized precipitation evapotranspiration index (SPEI) as an indicator of drought severity. The results showed that the frequency, duration, intensity and spatial extent of drought at different time scales were notably different, while the evolution characteristics of drought from different years were similar. At the time scale of 6 months or longer, wet periods were recognized in the early 60s, early 70s, 80s and early 90s in the 20th century, while since the late 90s especially the 21st the frequency of wet periods has decreased and of dry periods increased significantly. At the seasonal timescale, there was a drying trend for spring and autumn and minor wetting trend for summer and winter, among which the drying trend in autumn was statistically significant at 0.05 levels of significance. At the time scale of 1 month, the SPEI was so unstable that no trend or periodical characteristic was found. Over all the time scales, drought intensity has experienced an increasing tendency over the past 50 years, with the most severe droughts occurring in the last 20 years; drought spatial extent has changed in accordance with the variation of dry periods, but with a more distinct increase of large scale extreme drought in the last 10 years than in the past 40 years.%干旱对水文循环、生态系统、工农业生产及社会生活具有重要影响.为此,基于标准化降水蒸散指数(SPEI),分析了湖北省近50年不同时间尺度干旱演变特征.结果表明:不同时间尺度干湿变化频率、持续时间、干旱强度、发生范围存在明显差异,但其年际变化特征基本一致,程度略有差异.在6个月及更长时间尺度上,20世纪60年代前期、70年代前期及80

  5. Surveillance of schistosomiasis japonica in potential endemic areas in Hubei Province from 2008 to 2012%2008-2012年湖北省血吸虫病潜在流行区疫情监测

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    涂祖武; 黄希宝; 蔡顺祥; 范宏萍; 望开宇; 刘先国

    2014-01-01

    Objective To explore the potential key risk factors of schistosomiasis transmission in potential endemic areas so as to provide the evidence for setting up the prediction and surveillance systems of schistosomiasis outbreak epidemic. Methods From 2008 to 2012,fixed and mobile surveillance sites in potential endemic areas of 2 counties in Hubei Province were selected. The immunological assays and stool examinations were carried out to investigate the schistosome infection situation of local people, mobile population and livestock. The distribution of Oncomelania hupensis snails was investigated in risk areas and suspicious ar-eas,and spreading patterns of snails were observed in the rivers that directly connected with the Yangtze River. Results A total of 6 052 local people aged 6-65 years were screened by IHA immunological tests,and the positive rate of antibody was 1.19%(72/6 052). Totally 72 antibody positives were examined by Kato-Katz technique and there were no positives. A total of 5 004 mo-bile persons were tested by IHA immunological tests and the positive rate was 1.36%(68/5 004). Totally 68 antibody positives were examined by Kato-Katz technique and there were no positives. Totally 287.07 hm2 potential endemic areas were investigated for Oncomelania snail detection,and no snails were found. The investigation on snail spreading patterns and the surveillance on suspicious circumstances were carried out,with no snails found. Conclusions In the schistosomiasis potential endemic areas, some positives of IHA immunological tests are found. Therefore,monitoring is still needed to be strengthened.%目的:掌握湖北省血吸虫病潜在流行区疫情动态。方法2008-2012年在湖北省选择三峡库区和汉江流域血吸虫病潜在流行区设立固定监测点和流动监测点,采用间接血凝试验(IHA)、Kato-Katz法或塑料杯顶管法调查当地居民、流动人口及家畜血吸虫感染情况。在可疑环境开展钉螺调查,并

  6. 湖北房县下寒武统西蒿坪段钉形骨片化石%NAIL-SHAPED SCLERITE FOSSILS FROM THE LOWER CAMBRIAN XIHAOPING MEMBER OF FANGXIAN, HUBEI PROVINCE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    那琳; 李国祥

    2011-01-01

    far unresolved. Without soft-bodied preservation, it is rather difficult to evaluate the function of these sclerites bearing on their biological affinities. It could not exclude that morphological similarities of the sclerites may be due to convergence.The nail-shaped sclerites described in this paper were collected from the Xihaoping Member at the Sanzuoan section, Fangxian County, Hubei Province. Systematically, two species, including Parazhijinites guizhouensis and Cambroclavus fangxianensis, are described in detail. Parazhijinites guizhouensis comes from the basal part of the Xihaoping Member, co-occurring fossils including Neogloborilusspinatus, Hyolithellus cf. Micans, Archaeospiraor-nata , Allonnia erromenosa , Archiasterella pentactina , Chancelloria sp. , Halkeria sp. < etc. This assemblage indicates the basal part may be of the late Meishucunian in age. While the major part of the Xihaoping Member is of the Qiongzhusian in age for the occurrence of C. Fangxianensis, Ninella, Microdictyon and linguloid brachiopods. C. Fangxianensis shows extensive morphological variability and three types of sclerites are recognized. Type I has the typical morphology of a dumb-bell base and a spine projecting from the anterior end. Type H and Type ffl sclerites lack projecting spines, but they show distinctive variability in base form.

  7. IMPACT ASSESSMENT OF GEOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT OF DAYE MINING AREA IN SOUTHEASTERN HUBEI PROVINCE%鄂东南大冶矿区地质环境影响性评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗锋; 柴波; 周爱国

    2015-01-01

    在我国,矿业城市的地质环境问题日趋严重,需要探索一套适合于区域矿山地质环境影响性评价的技术方法,以指导矿业城市或重点矿区的矿产资源开发和环境保护。以鄂东南大冶矿区(即大冶市)为例,以遥感调查数据为基础,建立了由地质环境背景、已有地质环境问题和矿山开采活动三方面组成的区域矿山地质环境影响性评价指标体系,采用传统的模糊综合评价方法,分别对自然状态下矿区的地质灾害易发性和采矿状态下的矿区地质环境影响性进行了定量评价。结果表明:(1)自然状态下,大冶矿区地质灾害高易发区、较高易发区、较低易发区及低易发区分别占评价总面积的3.29%、12.55%、24.53%及59.62%;(2)采矿状态下,大冶矿区地质环境影响性严重区、较严重区、一般、轻微区分别占评价总面积的13.63%、22.96%、33.95%及24.96%。评价结果可作为大冶矿区矿产开发规划和综合性地质环境治理的重要依据。%Geo-environmental problems of mining cities have been increasing in China.It is necessary to assess mine geo-environment impact(MGEI)in these mining cities for instructing the mine development and protecting environment.RS data is adopted to assess MGEI in the Daye mining area in southeastern Hubei Province.A MGEI index system is established by considering geo-environment background,geo-environment problems and mining activities.The fussy comprehensive assessment method is employed to assess the geo-hazard susceptibility before mining and the MGEI after mining respectively.The result indicates that:(1)Under the natural state,the high, medium,relatively low and low easy-happening areas of geological hazard take up 3.29%,12.55%,24.53% and 59.62%,respectively.(2)Under the mining state,the severely,less severely,relatively slightly and slightly impacted areas of mine geo

  8. INCREASE OF FARMERS' INCOME IN THE NEW URBANIZATION IN HUBEI PROVINCE%湖北省新型城镇化条件下农民收入增长研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王飞; 何丽丽

    2016-01-01

    The farmers' incomes mainly come from agricultural business income, income of migrant workers and other income. Urbanization is one of important driving force for the increase of farmers' income in China. The new urbanization has been referred to a new level after the Eighteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of Chi-na. The goals of the new urbanization is the intensive, intelligent, green, low-carbon development and the ecolog-ical civilization concept and principle need to be implemented. Under the condition of new urbanization, the sus-tainable increase and high-speed development of farmers' income become a new task. This paper investigated the increase of farmers' income in the new urbanization in Hubei Province using the methods of spot investigation, ques-tionnaire and farmers interviewed, collect data and logical analysis. The results showed that :first of all, the new urbanization promoted the development of agricultural modernization, improved the output value of agricultural products, reduced agricultural industrial chain internal friction, and thus increased the farmers' income. Second, the new urbanization construct farmers' citizen social structure, increased the wage and social welfare income. Fi-nally, the new urbanization changed the development mode, increased farmers' property income and improved life quality. It concluded that the new urbanization was the main driving force for increasing farmers' income in the fu-ture.%我国农民收入来源主要包括农业经营性收入、 务工收入及其他收入.城镇化发展是农民增收的重要动力之一,十八大以来新型城镇化被提到一个新高度.新型城镇化要求把生态文明理念融入城镇化过程,实现集约、 智能、 绿色、 低碳的发展目标.新型城镇化条件下,农民增收能否持续、 高速的发展成为新的课题.文章对湖北省部分市(县)采取实地查勘、 问卷调查与走访农户、 搜集资料、 逻辑分析的方

  9. The applicability of Chinese college student personality scale (CCSPS) in a college freshman in Hubei province%中国大学生人格量表在鄂某高校新生中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡一文; 石曼

    2011-01-01

    Objective To explore the applicability of Chinese College Student Personality Scale (CCSPS) in college freshman in Hubei province and to understand the personality status of college students. Methods CCSPS was used to assess a sample of 4 871 college students. Results The standard scores in activity, self-confidence, rigorous and enthusiasm of these freshmen were obviously higher than those of the nation-wide college student norm, while scores in chattiness, altruism, and sentimen-tality were lower (P < 0. 01). The standard scores in self - confidence and enthusiasm of male students were higher than those of females. The standard scores in sentimentality of Han students were higher than that of Minority students. The standard scores in activity, self-confidence, enthusiasm of litera-ture history students were higher than those of technology students. Students from large cities were more active, altruistic and enthusiastic, while those from rural were more self-confident, rigorous and senti-mental. The standard scores in activity, chattiness, altruism, enthusiasm of the single child were higher than those of non-single child; while scores in rigorous and sentimentality were lower (P<0. 05). Con-clusions To establish of Chinese College Student Personality Scale norms one should consider regional difference. Furthermore, university mental health education should be conducted in respect to different gender, major, family background.%目的 探讨中国大学生人格量表在湖北高校新生中的适用性,了解大学新生的人格特征.方法 应用中国大学生人格量表,按照整群抽样原则调查一所综合性大学4 871例新生.结果 该高校新生人格量表各项因子标准分与全国大学生常模均有显著性差异(P<0.01),活跃、自信、严谨、热情标准分均高于全国大学生常模,爽直、趋利、重情标准分均低于全国常模,差异有显著性(P<0.01).人口统计学特征比较发现,男生自信和热情分

  10. Report of a study on filariasis and its elimination in key areas in Hubei Province%湖北省消除丝虫病后重点地区专项调查报告

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张华勋; 王莉莉; 陈建设; 胡乐群; 裴速建; 李凯杰; 董小蓉; 余品红

    2011-01-01

    Objective To search for-remaining sources of infection in areas with limited efforts to prevent and control fil-ariasis so as to provide a scientific basis for filariasis surveillance after its elimination. Methods Villages in key areas were selected as study sites based on a search of historical data, discussions with experts, and site visits. The level of an-ti-filarial antibodies was detected by testing for filaria-specific IgG4 in individuals age 10 and over at the study sites. ICT was used to detect circulating filarial antigen and thick blood films were used to detect microfilaria in individuals who tested positive. Results Study sites were 9 villages and 8 towns in the City of Enshi, Xuanen County, the City of Lichuan, Xianfeng County, and Qichun County. The average rate of microfilaria was 0. 87% -6. 62% before control measures and 0- 1. 02% afterwards. Filaria-specific IgG4 antibodies were detected at a rate of 0. 05%. ICT results and pathogen detection were both negative for individuals who tested positive. Conclusion Filariasis control has proven effective in Hubei Province. Endogenous sources of infection are rather unlikely, so the management and monitoring of the migrant population should be enhanced.%目的 在丝虫病防治工作薄弱地区搜索残存传染源,为消除丝虫病后的监测工作提供科学依据.方法 通过查阅历史资料,与专业人员座谈和实地查访等方式,确定丝虫病防治工作重点地区行政村,对l0岁及以上居民进行丝虫特异IgG4抗体检测,阳性者采用ICT卡检测丝虫循环抗原.同时采制厚血膜,检查微丝蚴.结果 确定恩施市、利川市、成丰县、宣恩县和蕲春县等5县(市)8乡镇9个村为防治工作重点地区行政村.抽查村防治前人群平均微丝蚴率0.87%~6.62%,防治后微丝蚴率0~1.02%;检测人群丝虫特异抗体IgG4阳性率0.05%,阳性者ICT检测和病原学检测均阴性.结论 湖北省丝虫病防治成果巩固,内源性传

  11. 新交通安全法对城市车祸伤的流行病学影响%Epidemiological effects of the new Traffic Safety Law on traffic accident injuries:observation in Yingcheng City, Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈涛

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigat the epidemiological effects of the new Traffic Safety Law on the urban road traffic injuries. Methods The data of the cases with urban road traffic injuries treated in Yingcheng People's Hospital, yingcheng, a county-level city in Hubei Province, one year before the implementation of the new Traffic Safety Law on 1 May 2011, and one year after its implementation were collected and analyzed retrospectively. Results In the period of one year before the implementation of the new Traffic Saferty Law 3508 cases were admitted, age (36.5+18.1) (3~79), 2498 males (71.3%) and 1010 females (28.7%). And within the period of one yaer after the implementation of the new Traffic Safety Laws 3372 patients , aged (35.5+17.3) (4~78), 2350 males (69.7%) and 1022 females (30.3%) were admitted. The number of cases of the group after the implementation was less than that of the group before the implementation. In both groups the age 19~43, being male, professios of farmers, migrant workers, and students, education attainment of junior middle school and below, nightime, and vrhicles as motorcycle and electric bicycle were all risk factors. The percentage of car accidetns in the whole cause of traffic accidents and the percentage of death caused by car accidents one year after the implementation were 21.5% and 17.25% respectively, both significantly lower than those one year before the implementation (31.9%and 31.89%respectively, both P<0.05)S. Conclusion The implementation of the new Traffic Safety Law helps reduce the cases of traffic injuries to a certain extent.%目的:研究新交通安全法实施对城市道路交通伤害的影响。方法收集2011年5月1日新道路交通安全法实施前后各一年内,湖北省应城市人民医院收治的城市道路交通事故伤者的资料进行分析。结果新交通安全法实施前一年收治3508例,男2498例,女1010例,年龄(3~79)岁,平均(36.5+18.1)

  12. FEATURES OF SLIPPERY STRATA FOR PIANSHAN LANDSLIDES IN QINGJIANG RIVER CATCHMENT OF WESTERN HUBEI PROVINCE%鄂西清江偏山滑坡群易滑地层特性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常宏; 谭建民; 严绍军

    2016-01-01

    The Dalong formation of Permain and the Daye formation of Triassic are the main slippery strata in Qingjiang River catchment of western Hubei province.Pianshan landslide is a typical example.Its lower part is composed of thin-bed limestone of Daye formation.Its slide belt is formed with mudstone or shale of the top of Dalong formation.Depending on field investigation,sampling and mechanical tests in laboratory,following results on the mineral and chemical compositions and mechanical properties are obtained for the two formation materials. The main clay mineral in the mudstone is montmorillonite with good swelling and shrinkage character.The content of clay minerals is 40%~75%.The strength of the mudstone decreases obviously after argillization,companying with typical creep deformation.For long term strength properties,the cohesion is 23kPa and the internal friction angle is 18.1°,which are achieved with rheological tests.The amount of clay minerals in the thin bed limestone is high.The main components are illite and chlorite and the bedding surfaces are very smooth.The surfaces are abraded and the clay is oriented between the layers due to the bedding slipping deformation.The strength of interlayers decreases obviously and forms the slide surface inside the landslide body when the layers are saturated.There are good mutual effect and acceleration between the landslide evolution and Qingjiang River development.The similar geological structure and water reciprocating strip should be taken seriously.%二叠系大隆组和三叠系大冶组是清江流域碳酸盐岩区的易滑地层,清江中游的偏山滑坡群即为典型实例,夹泥的大冶组泥灰岩及大隆组顶部泥岩形成了滑体下部与滑带.通过现场调查、取样和室内测试,对两者的矿物和化学成分、力学性质等进行了研究分析.结果表明:大隆组顶部泥岩含胀缩性明显的蒙脱石,黏土矿物总含量为 40%~75%,泥岩泥化后强度明显降低且表现

  13. Study on factors influencing knowledge about and behaviors to prevent malaria in inhabitants of rural areas in Hubei Province%湖北省农村居民疟防知识与行为影响因素调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    童玲; 张华勋; 童坤; 王元瑗; 张淑; 朱长才

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解湖北省农村居民疟防知识、行为及其影响因素,为开展有针对性健康教育提供科学依据.方法 采用分层随机抽样方法抽取广水、京山农村居民1302人,采用访谈方式调查居民疟防知识行为及其影响因素,对资料进行描述性分析和xz检验.结果 不同地区、性别、年龄、文化程度和经济收入居民疟防知识得分差异有统计学意义(P均<0.05).疟防知识得分广水市居民高于京山居民(x2=140.824,P<0.05),男性高于女性(x2=15.053,P<0.05);18~、45~岁居民得分较高,疟疾知识得分随文化程度增高而升高,经济收入高者疟防知识得分较高.居民疟防知识掌握程度与其安装纱门纱窗、使用灭蚊剂、使用蚊香和杀虫剂处理蚊帐等行为呈正相关关系(P<0.05).结论 农村居民的不同人口社会学特征影响疟防知识的掌握程度;居民疟防知识影响其疟防行为.%Objective To ascertain the factors influencing knowledge about and behaviors to prevent malaria and factors influencing inhabitants of rural areas in Hubei Province and to provide a scientific basis for carrying out health education in preventing malaria. Methods Stratified random sampling was used to select 1 302 rural inhabitants in Guangshui and Jingshan; inhabitants were interviewed regarding their knowledge about and behaviors to prevent malaria and factors influencing their knowledge and behaviors. Descriptive statistics and chi-squared statistics were used to analyze the data. Results There were significant differences in knowledge about preventing malaria among different areas, genders, ages, levels of education, and levels of income (P<0. 05). Knowledge about preventing malaria in Guangshui was greater than in Jingshan(x2 = 140. 824,P<0. 05). Knowledge about preventing malaria was greater among males than females(x2 = 15. 053,P<0. 05). Inhabitants ages 18 and up and ages 45 and up scored higher. Knowledge about

  14. The Influence and Thinking of the Change from Business Tax to Value -Added Tax to the Hubei Province Fiscal Revenue%浅谈营业税改增值税对湖北省财政收入的影响与思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张喻; 梁东

    2014-01-01

    根据国务院进一步扩大交通运输业和部分现代服务业营业税改征增值税试点的要求,自2013年8月1日起,在全国范围内开展交通运输业和部分现代服务业营改增试点。营业税改征增值税后,作为地方第一大税种的营业税将逐步被增值税取代,这无疑会对地方财政收入产生很大的影响。文中以湖北省为例,针对湖北省面临营改增之后,可能对省财政产生的影响进行了分析,并提出了几点思考。%According to the State Council to further expand the transportation industry and part of modern service industry business tax VAT pilot requirements,since August 1,2013,the traffic transportation and part of modern service industry would to replace business tax with value -added tax (VAT)nationwide pilot.After the change from Business tax to VAT,as the place where the first big tax and business tax will be gradually replaced by the value -added tax,which will undoubtedly have a great influence on the local fiscal revenue.This paper takes Hubei Province as an example,in Hubei province is facing to replace business tax with value -added tax (VAT),the likely impact on provincial finance produced to carry on the analysis,and proposed several ponders.

  15. Correlation of individualeum length with body height in Miao nationality students in the border area of Hunan, Hubei, Guizhou provinces and Chongqing city%湘鄂渝黔边区苗族学生同身寸与身高的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄大元; 石慧娟; 梁成青; 吴国运; 熊健

    2011-01-01

    目的 探索湘鄂渝黔边区苗族学生同身寸与身高的关系.方法 应用人体测量法测量了1896名(年龄6~16岁)苗族学生的同身寸和身高.结果 得出男女生各年龄组同身寸长、身高均值;除16岁女生组外,同身寸长与身高呈正的直线相关.结论 同身寸长和身高有直线相关性,可用同身寸长推算身高.%Objective To explore the correlation of the individualeum length with the body height of Miao nationality students in the border area of Hunan, Hubei, Guizhou provinces and Chongqing city. Methods The individualeum length and body height of 1896 normal students (aged 6-16) of Miao nationality were measured by anthropological method, and the analysis of the linear regression was done. Results The means that the individualeum length and the body height of different ages and sexes were obtained. The correlation between the individualeum length and the body height of all the male age groups and the female groups except 7 was positively related, and the regression equation was also established. Conclusion The correlation between the individualeum length and the body height was positively related of Miao nationality students in the border area of Hunan, Hubei, Chongqing and Cuizhou provinces, the figures of stature can be calculated by the individualeum length.

  16. Aflatoxins, Fumonisins and Zearalenone Contamination of Maize in the Southeastern and Central Highlands Provinces of Vietnam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nguyen Hieu Phuong

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available A survey of the contamination of maize with aflatoxins, fumonisins and zearalenone was carried out in the Southeastern and Central Highland provinces in Vietnam. Four provinces were chosen for sampling maize: Dong Nai (22, Binh Phuoc (25, Dak Lak (30 and Dak Nong (20. Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1, B2 (AFB2, G1 (AFG1, G2 (AFG2, fumonisin B1 (FB1, fumonisin B2 (FB2 and zearalenone (ZEA were analysed by HPLC in 97 maize kernel samples. Fumonisins were the most common toxins found in all samples (67%, followed by aflatoxins (55.7% and zearalenone (27.8%. The incidence of aflatoxin positive samples (61.7% in the Southeastern provinces was higher than in the Central Highlands (50%, while fumonisins and zearalenone incidences were higher in the Central Highlands. The mean level of fumonisin B1 in samples from the Central Highlands provinces (1757 µg/kg was significantly greater (p < 0.05 than in the Southeastern provinces (740 µg/kg. Importantly, the percentage of positive samples (about 70% that had over 20 µg/kg (ppb aflatoxin was very high. Moreover, many samples (53% contained more than one mycotoxin and this result highlights the difficulty of diagnosing mycotoxicoses in the field and the need for ongoing research to reduce the occurrence of mycotoxins in Vietnamese maize.

  17. Prevalence of Opisthorchis viverrini-Like Fluke Infection in Ducks in Binh Dinh Province, Central Vietnam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dao, Thanh Thi Ha; Abatih, Emmanuel Nji; Nguyen, Thanh Thi Giang; Tran, Ha Thi Lam; Gabriël, Sarah; Smit, Suzanne; Le, Phap Ngoc; Dorny, Pierre

    2016-06-01

    Following the first report of Opisthorchis viverrini infection in a domestic duck in Phu My District of Binh Dinh Province, Central Vietnam, many other cases were observed in the province. We determined the infection rate and intensity of O. viverrini infection in ducks in 4 districts of the province. A total of 178 ducks were randomly selected from 34 farms for examination of flukes in the liver and gall bladder. An infection rate of 34.3% (range 20.7-40.4% among districts) was found; the intensity of infection was 13.8 worms per infected duck (range 1-100). These findings show the role of ducks as a host for O. viverrini, duck genotype, which is sympatric with the human O. viverrini genotype in this province. It also stresses the need for investigations on the zoonotic potential and the life cycle of this parasite.

  18. The Central European, Tarim and Siberian Large Igneous Provinces, Late Palaeozoic orogeny and coeval metallogeny

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Boorder, H.

    2014-01-01

    The formation of the Central European and Tarim Large Igneous Provinces (LIPs) in the Early Permian coincided with the demise of the Variscan and the Southern Tianshan orogens, respectively. The Early Triassic Siberian LIP was formed in the wake of the Western Altaid orogeny in the Late Permian. The

  19. The impact of nutrition education at three health centres in Central Province, Kenya

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoorweg, J.C.; Niemeijer, R.

    1980-01-01

    This report contains an account of a study of the effects of nutrition education as given at three health centres in different ecological zones in Central Province, Kenya. Two groups of mothers in similar social and economic situations were selected for interviewing: frequent and infrequent visitors

  20. Faunistic study of the aquatic beetles (Coleoptera: Polyphaga of Markazi Province (Central Iran with new records

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vafaei R.

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available In this study, we establish the presence of 24 aquatic beetle (Coleoptera: Polyphaga species belonging to 13 genera and five families in Markazi Province of Central Iran. Specimens were collected between 2001 and 2005. Eleven species and four genera are recorded from Iran for the first time. The ecological significance of the new records is briefly discussed. .

  1. Evidences for a volcanic province in the Central Indian Basin

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Iyer, S.D.; Sudhakar, M.

    in the Central Indian Basin (CIB). In addition to the rocks studied, the occurrence of many morpho-tectonic features such as seamounts, abyssal hills and major fracture zones at 73 degrees E, 75 degrees 45'E and 79 degrees E, have helped in correlating...

  2. 湖北省体育旅游产业现状分析与绿色创新发展研究%Current Situation of Sports Tourism in Hubei Province and Its Green Innovation Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓成虎

    2016-01-01

    Through the survey and analysis of related factors about Hubei sports tourism, such as sports tourism resources, condition of sports consumption and position of regional development, rich resources, it finds that development of sports tourism is lagging behind. By using ways of comparative study, interview and SWOT analysis, this research presents the concept based on green innovation and puts forward sports tourism development strategies. The aim is that providing theoretical references for the development of Hubei sports tourism.%通过对湖北省体育旅游资源、体育消费现状、区位发展定位等体育旅游产业相关因素进行调查分析,发现湖北省体育旅游资源相对丰富,但是,体育旅游产业的拓展相对滞后。运用比较研究法、专家访谈法以及SWOT分析法等方法,对湖北省体育旅游资源开发提出绿色创新发展理念和产业发展对策,力图为湖北省体育旅游产业的发展提供理论参考和借鉴。

  3. Phytotoponyms, Geographical Features and Vegetation Coverage in Western Hubei, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guanghui Shi

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to present and exploit fundamental information, such as semantic meanings and geographical features, of phytotoponyms (a type of toponym that includes plant names in Western Hubei (China. Long-term vegetation degradation is also estimated. Toponym data for this study were obtained from the place names database of Hubei Province at the Civil Affairs Department of Hubei. In total, 1259 instances of phytotoponyms were recognised; 898 (71.3% were woody plant toponyms, and 361 (28.7% were herbaceous plant toponyms. Subsequently, we randomly selected a similar number (1250 of non-phytotoponyms to compare with the phytotoponyms. All toponyms were localised and geo-referenced. The results showed that the most common plant names recognisable in place names are common plants that have a close connection with daily life and positive morals in Chinese culture and literature. The occurrence of plant names can reflect the characteristic plants of a city. The vegetation coverage rate where phytotoponyms are located is higher than that in non-phytotoponym areas. Altitude has a stronger correlation with the number of phytotoponyms than slope and vegetation coverage degree. The identification of long-term vegetation degradation based on phytotoponyms is presented for reference only, and other methods and materials are needed to validate these results.

  4. 湖北地区 Citrin 缺陷导致的新生儿肝内胆汁淤积症临床研究%Clinical research of neonatal intrahepatic cholestasis caused by Citrin deficiency in Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊小丽; 鄢素琪; 丁艳; 周俪姗; 陈鹏; 赵东赤

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨湖北地区 Citrin 缺陷导致的新生儿肝内胆汁淤积症(NICCD)的临床表现及实验室特点。方法收集2010年9月至2013年1月在武汉市儿童医院住院20例 NICCD 患儿未经治疗时的生化指标(肝功能、血脂、乳酸、血氨、总胆汁酸、甲胎蛋白)、凝血象、血氨基酸谱、酰基肉碱谱、尿有机酸谱及 SLC25A13基因分析,并随访1年。结果 NICCD 患儿实验室检查表现为高胆红素血症、肝酶升高、胆汁酸增高,高脂血症、高甲胎蛋白、高乳酸血症、高氨血症、低蛋白血症、低血糖、凝血机制障碍;多种氨基酸升高,以瓜氨酸升高为主;酰基肉碱中以长链酰基肉碱升高为主;尿4-羟基苯乙酸、4-羟基苯乳酸、4-羟基苯丙酮酸异常增高;SLC25A13基因分析共发现6个突变位点,其中 L477R,G639S 为新发突变位点,851del4、1638ins23、IVS6+5G ﹥A 为热点突变。20例患儿黄疸均在1岁内缓解。结论 NICCD 患儿多项临床实验指标异常,高脂血症在病程早期即已出现,L477R、G639S 为新发突变位点。%Objective To explore the clinical manifestations and the characteristics of neonatal intrahepatic cholestasis caused by Citrin deficiency(NICCD)in Hubei province. Methods The biochemical indicators including liver function,blood lipid,lactic acid,blood ammonia,total bile acid,alpha feto protein,coagulogram,blood amino spec-trum,acylcrnitine spectrum,urine organic acid and SLC25A13 gene analysis of 20 cases with NICCD,who came from Wuhan Children's Hospital,during September 2010 to January 2013,were collected before treatment,then followed up for 1 year. Results Laboratory results of NICCD patients showed high blood bilirubin,elevated liver enzymes and bile acid,hyperlipidemia,high alpha feto protein,high lactic acidosis,high ammonia,hypoalbuminemia,hypoglycemia,disor-der of blood coagulation mechanism,variety of amino acids increase,mainly citrulline

  5. 湖北宜昌超级单体风暴发生的环境条件分析%Analysis on environment conditions of supercell storms over Yichang, Hubei province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪应琼; 李芳; 姜玉印; 王仁乔; 付培健

    2013-01-01

      利用Micaps高空、地面实况资料以及雷达基数据产品资料,分析2004—2009年湖北宜昌境内出现的10例强对流天气过程中的超级单体风暴生成的环境条件和回波结构。结果表明:产生冰雹的湿层相对浅薄,产生强降水的湿层较深厚。使用雷暴发生前地面温度和露点进行订正后的CAPE值可判断午后是否有冰雹发生:若订正后CAPE值有较大幅度增长,其值超过1000 J·kg-1以上,则出现冰雹的可能性较大;反之则小。0—6 km中等到强的垂直风切变有利超级单体风暴生成和发展,垂直风切变越大,越有利出现极端大风。若超级单体风暴高度的特征值和特征底有迅速下降迹象,则未来0.5 h内很可能出现8级以上大风。超级单体风暴中正负速度对的切变值越大,风力越大,风灾越明显。超级单体风暴反射率因子的低层或表现为钩状、或向着入流方向突起、或密实块状等回波特征,中高层有强度达55 dBz的强回波。超级单体风暴中,中气旋大多从逆风区或切变区中发展而来,且其在垂直气流结构上表现为低层气旋式辐合,中层辐合逐渐增强,为气旋式旋转,有时出现气旋式旋转与反气旋式旋转共存的双涡结构,至高层,则转为反气旋,表现为辐散。VIL密度(D VIL)对大冰雹有一定的指示意义,当D VIL≥3.5 g·m-3时,出现直径超过2 cm的大冰雹的可能性非常大。%Using real-time upper-air and surface observations from Micaps and radar based data, the environmental condition and echo structure of supercell storms in 10 severe convective weathers over Yichang, Hubei province from 2004 to 2009 have been analyzed. The re-sults show that hail occurred in shallow wet layer, but severe precipitation occurred in deep wet layer. CAPE revised by ground temperature and dew point before the thunderstorm occurred can be used to judge whether the hail will

  6. Association between social support and mistreatment on elderly in the rural community of Hubei province%湖北省农村地区社会支持与老年人虐待关系的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    武丽; 胡洋; 宇翔; 张涛; 曹中强; 王友洁

    2011-01-01

    Objective This study was to estimate the prevalence of elderly mistreatment (EM) in rural community and to examine the association between social support and the risk of the EM.Methods A cross-sectional descriptive study was performed in three rural communities (17 villages) in Macheng city of Hubei province.2000 subjects aged 60 years or older were selected using cluster sampling.Questionnaire being developed would include general information,a scale to measure social support,and a modified vulnerability on abuse screening scale (VASS) to measure the EM.Results The prevalence rates of EM,physical abuse,emotional abuse,neglect and financial exploitation for rural elderly people in Macheng city were 36.2%,4.9%,27.3%,15.8%,and 2.0%respectively.After adjusting for potential confounding factors,necessary practical support from family (OR=1.28,95%CI:1.01-1.63) was the risk factor causing EM while having got practical support (OR=0.76,95%CI:0.58-0.98) or moral support (OR=0.63,95%CI:0.49-0.82) from family and moral support from friends (OR=0.73,95%CI:0.59-0.90) when in need were the protective factors.The protective factors on physical abuse,emotional abuse,neglect and financial exploitation would include:getting practical support from family when in need (OR=0.59,95%CI:0.35-0.99),getting moral support from family (OR=0.67,95% CI:0.51-0.89) and friends (OR=0.67,95% CI:0.54-0.84) and getting practical support from family when in need (OR=0.63,95%CI:0.45-0.88),getting practical support from family ( OR =0.38,95% CI:0.14-0.98 ) and getting moral support from friends when in need (OR=0.42,95%CI:0.20-0.87),respectively.Conclusion High prevalence of EM was seen in the rural areas of Macheng city.Social support was an important protective factor for EM in this population.%目的 研究湖北省麻城市农村地区老年人虐待发生情况,探讨社会支持与老年人虐待间的关系.方法 采用横断面调查研究方法,整群

  7. Characteristics of a group of Hubei Golden Snub-nosed Monkeys (Rhinopithecus roxellana hubeiensis) before and after major snow storms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yiming; Liu, Xuecong; Liao, Mingyao; Yang, Jingyuan; Stanford, Craig B

    2009-06-01

    Natural disasters can negatively affect primate population demography and social group structure. A clear understanding of these effects has important implications for wildlife conservation. The worst snow storms in nearly five decades hit portions of southern and central China between January 10 and February 6, 2008, presenting a unique opportunity to observe their immediate effects on a previously studied group of Hubei Golden Snub-nosed Monkeys (Rhinopithecus roxellana hubeiensis) in temperate forests in Shennongjia Nature Reserve, Hubei Province, China. We recorded social and demographic characteristics of the group before and after the snow storms. The average group size decreased from 270 individuals before the storms to 197 individuals after the storms, a reduction of 27.2%. Adult females (30.1%), juveniles (38.1%) and infants (55.4%) suffered higher mortality than did adult males (15.7%). Despite age and sex-based differences in mortality, the ratios of adult males to adult females, adults to immatures and adult females to immatures remained similar before and after the storms. However, higher mortality among females, juveniles and infants may reduce the group's long-term potential for growth.

  8. 鄂东南地区存在古元古代-太古宙基底--来自铜鼓山岩体锆石U-Pb-Hf同位素的证据%Paleoproterozoic-Archean Basement Beneath Southeast Hubei Province:Evidence from U-Pb-Hf Isotopes in Zircons from the Tonggushan Pluton

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏金龙; 黄圭成; 丁丽雪; 吴昌雄; 祝敬明; 金尚刚

    2013-01-01

    This paper has reported the integrated study of zircon U-Pb age and Lu-Hf isotope composition in zircons from the Tonggushan pluton, southeast Hubei Province. Tonggushan pluton is composed of quartz diorite porphyry. The 206Pb/238U mean age of magmatic zircon is (147±2.6) Ma, indicating that Tonggushan pluton was formed in the Late Jurassic-Early Cretaceous, which is consistent with the formation time of other plutons in this area. A large number of inherited zircons, formed in 1798~2888 Ma, exist in Tonggushan pluton. The Paleoproterozoic zircons are of magmatic origin and have similar 176Hf/177Hf and 176Lu/177Hf ratios, suggesting that they were probably derived from the same igneous basement rock. The Paleoproterozoic zircons have low Hf-isotope compositions and characteristics of crustal source. Hf model ages of these zircons and the presence of older inherited cores within them suggest that the source of Paleoproterozoic magma was Neoarchaean crust, implying the existence of an unexposed old basement beneath southeast Hubei Province and the whole Yangtze block. These data supply new clue to the study of the Precambrian basement evolution of Yangtze block. The Paleoproterozoic-Archean basement of the Yangtze Block most likely spreads from the Sichuan Basin through western Huebei Province to southeastern Hubei Province.%对鄂东南地区位于毛铺-两剑桥断裂带上的铜鼓山岩体进行了野外地质及镜下显微研究及岩石化学分析,重点分析了其中锆石U-Pb年龄和Hf同位素组成。结果表明铜鼓山岩体为石英闪长玢岩,岩体形成于(147±2.6) Ma,属晚侏罗世-早白垩世,与鄂东南地区其它岩体年龄具有一致性。铜鼓山岩体中存在的大量继承锆石。分析的4个继承锆石形成于古元古代晚期1798~1888 Ma。继承锆石具有高的Th/U比值和极其相似的Lu-Hf同位素组成,表明它们捕获于同一火成岩。这表明鄂东南地区存在古元古代基底。这些古元古代

  9. GIVETIAN–FRASNIAN BOUNDARY CONODONTS FROM KERMAN PROVINCE, CENTRAL IRAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    HOSSEIN GHOLAMALIAN

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The Middle - Late Devonian boundary is investigated based on twenty-two conodont species and subspecies from three sections in the north and west of Kerman, southeastern central Iran. Upper Givetian - lower Frasnian carbonates of the basal part of the Bahram Formation transgressively overlie the sandstone beds of the top of (? Early - Middle Devonian Padeha Formation. These massive skeletal limestones encompass the G-F boundary. The base of Frasnian is identified by the appearance of early forms of Ancyrodella rotundiloba . It helps to compare our biozones to those of global stratotype in southern France. A new species, Polygnathus hojedki n. sp. is described here. New range is suggested for P. praepolitus .

  10. The structure of nursing human resource in public hospitals at the country level or above in Xianning City of Hubei Province%湖北省咸宁市县级以上公立医院护理人力资源结构分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁芳

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解湖北省咸宁市县级以上公立医院护理人力资源结构现状,为相关部门合理配置护理人力资源提供参考依据.方法 在22所医院中发放护理人力资源情况调查表,结合全国、湖北省护士结构的相关数据及咸宁市经济、人口情况进行综合分析.结果 2008年末,咸宁市千人口护理人力数0.97人,医护比为1:0.84,护士占专业技术人员比例为33.16%,均不能达标.咸宁市县级以上公立医院护理人员结构中,中专及以下学历占主导地位,占56.96%;高级、中级、初级职称之比为1:11.60:10.88,职称结构不合理;≤40岁护士占69.90%,护士年龄结构比较合理.结论 加强卫生行政管理力度,结合医院护理事业发展和临床护理工作需要,合理配置护理人力.%Objective To investigate the structure of nursing human resource in public hospitals at county level or above in Xianning City of Hubei Province,so as to provide reference for relevant departments to reasonably allocate nursing human resources.Methods A questionnaire about nursing human resources was used to investigate the structure of nursing human resources in 22 public hospitals at county level or above in Xianning City of Hubei Province.Then the collected data were analyzed and compared with the nursing human resource of the whole country and Hubei Province.Results By the end of 2008, there was 0.97 nursing staff for every thousand people in Xianning City,and the doctor - nurse ratio was 1 : 0.84 ,and nurses accounted for 33.16% of the health professional and technical personnel,which all didnt reach the standards,the nurses with technical secondary school background or below accounted for 56.96% ,and the ratio of senior profession title, middle profession title, and primary profeesion title was 1 : 11.60 : 10.88, and ≤40 years old nurses accounted for 69.90%.The results showed that the structure of nurses' profession title was unreasonable and the age

  11. Study on the Epidemiological Features of Leptospirosis in North-west of the Hubei Province in 1990’S%90年代鄂西北地区钩端螺旋体病流行病学研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程均福; 徐世海; 杨晓艳

    2001-01-01

    Objective:Investigate the epidemic of leptospirosis in north-westof Hubei province in 1990'S.Methods:The serum of leptospirosis cases were measured using MAT and Dot-ELISA methods,health population immune level with MAT method. The investigation of the source adopt mouse-clip in the evening, cultivatet rat and pig kidney cortex, separate leptospiroal and identify leptospiroal serum groups.Results:The cases of leptospirosis were few 1990s ago and later the continued outbreaks of leptospirosis were in Zhuxi,Xiangyang and Yicheng and so on in north-west of the Hubei province. All patients (964) accounted for 88.93% in cases of 40 years. The time of outbreak mostly centred on September to October,which prolonged for about one month than that in brief precent areas of all Hubei province. The patient's clinical categories were grippotyphosa type and lung bleed type,which accounted for 70.47% and 21.12% respectively in all patients. The density of mice was 3.62% and mice carrier rate 14.37%. The positive rate of antibody was 41.50% in healthy groups. Conclusions:The leptospiral groups among leptospiral patients were mainly icterohaemorrhagiae. They carried the same groups of source of infection such as pigs and mice.%目的:调查鄂西北地区90年代钩端螺旋体(简称钩体)病流行情况。方法:病人血清检测采用MAT和Dot-ELISA法,健康人群免疫水平检测采用MAT法,传染源调查用夹夜法捕鼠,培养鼠肾和猪肾皮质,分离钩体并鉴定钩体菌群。结果:90年代前鄂西北地区很少发生钩体病,90年代后,该地区竹溪、竹山、襄阳、宜城等县市发生钩体病964例,占该地区40年总发病数的88.93%。钩体病暴发时间主要集中在9~10月,钩体病人临床类型以流感伤寒型和肺出血型为主,分别占调查总数的70.47%和21.12%。鼠密度3.62%,鼠带菌率14.37%,健康人群血清抗体阳性率41.50%。结论:钩体病人感染菌群以黄疸出血群为主

  12. Annual risks of tuberculous infection in East Nusa Tenggara and Central Java Provinces, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bachtiar, A; Miko, T Y; Machmud, R; Besral, B; Yudarini, P; Mehta, F; Chadha, V K; Basri, C; Loprang, F; Jitendra, R

    2009-01-01

    East Nusa Tenggara (NTT) and Central Java Provinces, Indonesia. To estimate the average annual risk of tuberculous infection (ARTI) among school children aged 6-9 years in each province. Children attending Classes 1-4 in 65 schools in NTT and 79 in Central Java, selected by two-stage sampling, were intradermally administered 2 tuberculin units of purified protein derivative RT23 with Tween 80 on the mid-volar aspect of the left forearm. The maximum transverse diameter of induration was measured 72 h later. The analysis was carried out among 5479 satisfactorily test-read children in NTT and 6943 in Central Java. One hundred and fifty-five new sputum smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) cases (78 in NTT and 77 in Central Java) were also tuberculin tested. Based on the frequency distribution of reaction sizes among the children and PTB cases, the prevalence of infection was estimated by the mirror-image method using the modes of tuberculous reactions at 15 and 17 mm. Using the 15 mm mode, ARTI was estimated at 1% in NTT and 0.9% in Central Java. Using the 17 mm mode, ARTI was estimated at 0.5% in NTT and 0.4% in Central Java. Transmission of tuberculous infection may be further reduced by intensification of tuberculosis control efforts.

  13. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection and risk factors in domestic sheep in Henan province, central China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Nian; Wang, Shuai; Wang, Dong; Li, Chaoying; Zhang, Zhenchao; Yao, Zhijun; Li, Tingting; Xie, Qing; Liu, Shiguo; Zhang, Haizhu

    2016-01-01

    Sheep are highly susceptible to infections with Toxoplasma gondii and play a major role in the transmission of toxoplasmosis to humans. In the present study, 779 serum samples from sheep were collected from Henan province, central China from March 2015 to May 2016, and antibodies to T. gondii were detected by modified agglutination test (MAT). The overall seroprevalence of T. gondii in sheep was 12.71% (99/779). The risk factors significantly associated with T. gondii seroprevalence were the geographical origin, age, presence of cats, and the rearing system. This is the first report of T. gondii infection in sheep in Henan province, central China, and of an association of seropositivity to T. gondii with risk factors. PMID:27882868

  14. Prevalence of Dirofilaria immitis infection in dogs in Henan province, central China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang Shuai

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The heartworm Dirofilaria immitis is the causative agent of cardiopulmonary dirofilariosis in dogs and cats, and also infects humans. However, there has been no study on dirofilariasis in dogs in central China. From March 2015 to February 2016, sera from 1176 randomly selected household dogs from Henan province, central China were examined for D. immitis antigen using the Canine Heartworm Antigen Test Kit. The overall seroprevalence of D. immitis in dogs in Henan province was 13% (155/1176. The prevalence was significantly higher in older dogs and dogs kept outdoors, compared to the younger ones and those sheltered indoors. No significant difference of prevalence was observed between sexes. The results suggest that the risk of exposure to D. immitis in dogs is high in Henan, and prophylaxis against the parasite is advisable to decrease the incidence of canine dirofilariosis in this region.

  15. Alleles Distribution Survey and Analysis of Gene Locus in CODIS Database of Han Population in Northwest of Hubei Province%鄂西北周边汉族人群CODIS数据库基因座等位基因的分布频率调查和分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓勋; 李瑞明; 陈敏; 贺娇; 尹霞; 胡巧林; 梅俊; 吴惠超

    2014-01-01

    目的:本实验收集鄂西北周边汉族人群做亲权鉴定人的标本,确认无血缘关系的个体作为该地区随机抽样人群,检测其CODIS数据库中所有13个等位基因座中各等位基因的分布频率.方法:应用Chelex提取DNA,AmpFISTR Identifiler试剂盒扩增,毛细管电泳分型.对每个等位基因座等位基因分布进行统计计算,检测每个等位基因座哈德温伯格平衡(Hard-Wenborger平衡).结果:在被检测的387位无关个体中13个CODIS等位基因座共检出148个等位基因型以及13个等位基因座中等位基因的分布频率.结论:为本地区等位基因数据库的建立提供第一手的等位基因频率和相关统计学资料.应用适合本地人群的等位基因频率可以提高亲权鉴定和个体识别中累积父权指数的可靠性.%Objective To collect the samples of Han poplulation around northwest of Hubei province for paternity testing,the unrelated individuals were selected as a random sample of a northwest population in Hubei province,then to analyze the allele frequency of 13 allelic loci in CODIS database.Methods The Chelex-extracting DNA method,AmpFISTR Identifilerbased method for gene amplification,and DNA typing by capillary electrophoresis were used to detect these samples,respectively.The allele frequency were calculated in every allelic loci of these samples,and the Hard-Weinberg equilibrium of them were also analyzed.Results The 148 allelotype and 13 distribution frequencies of allelic loci were detected from 13 CODIS allelic loci of 387 unrelated individuals.Conclusion This research has established the valuable first-hand database on the allele frequency and related statistical data in the region,which could provide beneficial help for improving the reliability of paternity identification and cumulative paternity index in the local population.

  16. Surveiltance on Immuning Levels Against Pertussis, Diphtheria and Tetanus Among Healthy Population in Some Areas of Hubei Province in 2010%2010年湖北省部分地区健康人群百日咳、白喉、破伤风人群免疫水平分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    占建波; 吕静; 杨红梅; 王鸣; 张莉; 周军; 詹发先; 霍细香; 扬北方; 张迟; 江永忠; 叶建君; 李国民; 赵明江; 徐军强

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the immunization status among the population in Hubei Province, to evaluate the quality and effectiveness of immunization, and to develop immunization strategies. Methods The serum samples collected from healthy population of Huangshi and Xianning were divided into seven age - groups. And serum IgG antibody levels against pertussis, diphtheria and tetanus were determined by ELISA. Results Among the healthy population, the positive rate of serum IgG antibody against pertussis was 27.14%, the protective rates of diphtheria and tetanus were 55.71% and 60.29%, respectively. Conclusions The antibody positive rates of pertussis, diphtheria, and tetanus are lower in the two areas of Hubei Province, which indicate that it is necessary to expand the vaccination coverage rate, shorten immuning cycle, and improve the efficiency of cold chain transport and the quality of vaccine inoculation-%目的 了解湖北省人群免疫状况,评价预防接种质量和效果,制定免疫对策. 方法 分七个年龄组抽取黄石和成宁两个地区部分健康人群,采用ELISA法定量检测正常人血清中百日咳、白喉和破伤风IgG抗体水平. 结果两个地区健康人群中,百日咳IgG抗体阳性率为27.14%,白喉和破伤风IgG抗体安全保护率分别为55.71%和60.29%. 结论抽取的湖北省两个地区健康人群百日咳、白喉和破伤风IgG抗体阳性率均比较低,提示要扩大接种覆盖率,缩短强化免疫周期,提高冷链运转效率和疫苗接种质量.

  17. Isotopic dating of the Chengjiang Fauna-bearing horizon in Central Yunnan Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Twenty black shale samples, which are free from the influence of weathering, were collected from the Chengjiang Fauna-bearing horizon, central Yunnan Province, yielding a Pb-Pb isochron age of 534±60 Ma. Although this age is younger than both the Rb-Sr isochron age and 40Ar-39Ar age, it should represent the lower isotopic age limit of the Chengjiang Fauna.

  18. Effect of traditional gold mining to surface water quality in Murung Raya District, Central Kalimantan Province

    OpenAIRE

    W.Wilopo; R.Resili; D.P.E. Putra

    2013-01-01

    There are many locations for traditional gold mining in Indonesia. One of these is in Murung Raya District, Central Kalimantan Province. Mining activities involving the application of traditional gold processing technology have a high potential to pollute the environment, especially surface water. Therefore, this study aims to determine the impact of gold mining and processing on surface water quality around the mine site. Based on the results of field surveys and laboratory analysis, our dat...

  19. Soil nutrient assessment for urban ecosystems in Hubei, China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhi-Guo Li

    Full Text Available Recent urban landscape vegetation surveys conducted in many cities in China identified numerous plant nutrient deficiencies, especially in newly developed cities. Soil nutrients and soil nutrient management in the cities of Hubei province have not received adequate attention to date. The aims of this study were to characterize the available nutrients of urban soils from nine cities in Hubei province, China, and to assess how soil nutrient status is related to land use type and topography. Soil nutrients were measured in 405 sites from 1,215 soil samples collected from four land use types (park, institutional [including government building grounds, municipal party grounds, university grounds, and garden city institutes], residential, and roadside verges and three topographies (mountainous [142-425 m a.s.l], hilly [66-112 m a.s.l], and plain [26-30 m a.s.l]. Chemical analyses showed that urban soils in Hubei had high pH and lower soil organic matter, available nitrogen (N, available phosphorus (P, and available boron (B concentrations than natural soils. Nutrient concentrations were significantly different among land use types, with the roadside and residential areas having greater concentrations of calcium (Ca, sulfur (S, copper (Cu, manganese (Mn, and zinc (Zn that were not deficient against the recommended ranges. Topographic comparisons showed statistically significant effects for 8 of the 11 chemical variables (p < 0.05. Concentrations of N, Ca, Mg, S, Cu, and Mn in plain cities were greater than those in mountainous cities and show a negative correlation with city elevation. These results provide data on urban soils characteristics in land use types and topography, and deliver significant information for city planners and policy makers.

  20. Prevalence of Pneumoconiosis in Hubei, China from 2008 to 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ying Xia

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available We have investigated newly reported pneumoconiosis cases in the province of Hubei, China from 2008 to 2013, to identify the major problems and challenges, and explore possible solutions for its prevention and control. We analyzed the data on new cases of pneumoconiosis from annual reports, including case distributions, patient ages, exposure duration, disease stages, and enterprise types. A total of 3665 new pneumoconiosis cases were reported between 2008 and 2013 in Hubei Province. Coal workers’ pneumoconiosis and silicosis, which accounted for 97.19% of the total, were the most common types. The duration of exposure of 33.32% cases was less than 10 years. Most of the new pneumoconiosis cases worked in industries that produced coal, nonferrous metal, or building materials. About 42.46% of pneumoconiosis cases were from small and medium-sized enterprises. The proportion of cases with combined pneumoconiosis and tuberculosis was 6.6%, and the incidence of tuberculosis was highest in workers with silicosis. The current situation of pneumoconiosis in China is serious. Lack of attention to occupational health, inefficient surveillance, and weak occupational health services may have contributed to the increased new pneumoconiosis cases.

  1. Analysis on anemia status among children aged below 5 years in rural areas of Hubei Province%湖北省农村不同地区5岁以下儿童贫血状况分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋毅; 程茅伟; 李骏; 刘爽; 李十月; 吴连希; 龚晨睿

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解湖北省农村不同地区儿童的贫血状况.方法 在湖北省农村地区采用分层多阶段整群随机抽样的方法,随机抽取8个市(县)5岁以下儿童2 312名,采集末梢血20μl,测定血红蛋白值.结果 湖北省农村5岁以下儿童贫血患病率为21.06%;1~岁组贫血患病率最高(29.95%),4~岁组最低(11.62%).高收入地区儿童贫血患病率(21.88%)稍高于中、低收入地区;山区儿童贫血患病率(29.73%)远较平原(21.44%)及丘陵地区(16.61%)高.多因素分析显示,高收入地区、山区及2岁以下儿童贫血患病风险较高.结论 高收入地区、山区及2岁以下儿童是湖北省农村儿童贫血的高危人群,应作为重点防治人群.%Objective To analyze the anemia status of children in different parts of rural areas in Hubei. Methods 2 312 children under 5 years old were investigated by using stratified multistage cluster random sampling method in 8 counties in rural areas of Hubei. 20ul peripheral blood was used to measure the hemoglobin concentration. Results The prevalence of anemia among the children under 5 years old in rural areas of Hubei was 21.06% . The prevalence of children under 1 ~ year old was the highest (29. 95% ) , whereas those aged 4 ~ years was the lowest (11. 62% ) . The prevalence of anemia among children from high -income areas (21. 88% ) was slightly higher than those from the middle and low - income areas (21. 63% and 19. 86% , respectively) . Children from mountainous areas had a much higher prevalence (29.73% )as compared with those from plain and hilly regions (21.44% and 16.61% , respectively). Logistic regression analysis showed that children from high — income, mountainous areas, and aged below 2 years had a higher risk of anemia. Conclusions The high risk population: Children from high - income areas, mountainous areas, and aged below 2 years should be the focus of prevention and control of anemia.

  2. Yellow Fever Outbreak - Kongo Central Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo, August 2016.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Otshudiema, John O; Ndakala, Nestor G; Mawanda, Elande-Taty K; Tshapenda, Gaston P; Kimfuta, Jacques M; Nsibu, Loupy-Régence N; Gueye, Abdou S; Dee, Jacob; Philen, Rossanne M; Giese, Coralie; Murrill, Christopher S; Arthur, Ray R; Kebela, Benoit I

    2017-03-31

    On April 23, 2016, the Democratic Republic of the Congo's (DRC's) Ministry of Health declared a yellow fever outbreak. As of May 24, 2016, approximately 90% of suspected yellow fever cases (n = 459) and deaths (45) were reported in a single province, Kongo Central Province, that borders Angola, where a large yellow fever outbreak had begun in December 2015. Two yellow fever mass vaccination campaigns were conducted in Kongo Central Province during May 25-June 7, 2016 and August 17-28, 2016. In June 2016, the DRC Ministry of Health requested assistance from CDC to control the outbreak. As of August 18, 2016, a total of 410 suspected yellow fever cases and 42 deaths were reported in Kongo Central Province. Thirty seven of the 393 specimens tested in the laboratory were confirmed as positive for yellow fever virus (local outbreak threshold is one laboratory-confirmed case of yellow fever). Although not well-documented for this outbreak, malaria, viral hepatitis, and typhoid fever are common differential diagnoses among suspected yellow fever cases in this region. Other possible diagnoses include Zika, West Nile, or dengue viruses; however, no laboratory-confirmed cases of these viruses were reported. Thirty five of the 37 cases of yellow fever were imported from Angola. Two-thirds of confirmed cases occurred in persons who crossed the DRC-Angola border at one market city on the DRC side, where ≤40,000 travelers cross the border each week on market day. Strategies to improve coordination between health surveillance and cross-border trade activities at land borders and to enhance laboratory and case-based surveillance and health border screening capacity are needed to prevent and control future yellow fever outbreaks.

  3. Volcanostratigraphic Sequences of Kebo-Butak Formation at Bayat Geological Field Complex, Central Java Province and Yogyakarta Special Province, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Mulyaningsih

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Bayat Complex is usually used as a work field for students of geology and other geosciences. The study area is located in the southern part of the Bayat Complex. Administratively, it belongs to Central Java Province and Yogyakarta Special Province. The lithology of Bayat is very complex, composed of various kinds of igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic, and volcanic rocks. Most of previous researchers interpreted Bayat as a melange complex constructed within a subduction zone. Kebo-Butak is one of formations that forms the Bayat field complex. The formation is composed of basalt, layers of pumice, tuff, shale, and carbonaceous tuff. Most of them are known as volcanic rocks. These imply that volcanic activities are more probable to construct the geology of Bayat rather than the subducted melange complex. The geological mapping, supported by geomorphology, petrology, stratigraphy, and geological structures, had been conducted in a comprehensive manner using the deduction-induction method. The research encounters basalt, black pumice, tuff with basaltic glasses fragments, zeolite, argilic clay, as well as feldspathic- and pumice tuff. Petrographically, the basalt is composed of labradorite, olivine, clinopyroxene, and volcanic glass. Black pumice and tuff contain prismatic clinopyroxene, granular olivine, and volcanic glasses. Feldspathic tuff and pumice tuff are crystal vitric tuff due to more abundant feldspar, quartz, and amphibole than volcanic glass. Zeolite comprises chlorite and altered glasses as deep sea altered volcanic rocks. The geologic structure is very complex, the major structures are normal faults with pyrite in it. There were two deep submarine paleovolcanoes namely Tegalrejo and Baturagung. The first paleovolcano erupted effusively producing basaltic sequence, while the second one erupted explosively ejecting feldspathic-rich pyroclastic material. The two paleovolcanoes erupted simultaneously and repeatedly.

  4. 基于标准样地的国家级农用地等别质量监测点设置方法探讨——以冀豫鄂三省为例%Methods for Setting up Farmland Grade Monitoring Points from Standard Plots in Hebei, Henan and Hubei Provinces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭力娜; 张凤荣; 马仁会; 徐东瑞; 郑红斌

    2009-01-01

    Monitoring techniques for land resources are becoming more and more mature. However, applications are primarily subject to monitoring land use type, land desertification, and soil improvement. The monitoring of agricultural land quality has been rarely studied. How to make best of existing methods and techniques to rationally establish agricultural land quality monitoring system is one of the goals in land precise management, which would also benefit agricultural land quality management communique system. Standard plots were used for quality grading for typical farmland. Studying monitoring system based on standard plots and farmland grade outputs are of utmost significance to improving farmland grading monitoring system. It comes to the conclusion that the standard plots above the provincial level can well satisfy the requirement for monitoring points for quality grading of national lands for agricultural use because of their merits in universality and representativeness. In the present work, we investigated the standard plots across three provinces, i.e. Hebei, Henan and Hubei, because the work on establishing farmland grades there has already been completed. Due to being located in main grain producers in the central and eastern regions in China, the three provinces may provide reference for similar studies on other main grain producers. We selected national level agricultural land quality monitoring points from provincial standard plots. There were basically three steps to set up monitoring points. First, the grid method and landscape diversity index method were employed to create monitoring sample belts for quality grading of lands for agricultural use over the three provinces. Second, standard plots were identified with the stratified sampling method to be monitoring points. Third, 48 samples of standard plots of good representativeness from one vertical and three horizontal belts were identified to be the national monitoring points for quality grading of

  5. The regional geological hazard forecast based on rainfall and WebGIS in Hubei, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Guizhou; Chao, Yi; Xu, Hongwen

    2008-10-01

    Various disasters have been a serious threat to human and are increasing over time. The reduction and prevention of hazard is the largest problem faced by local governments. The study of disasters has drawn more and more attention mainly due to increasing awareness of the socio-economic impact of disasters. Hubei province, one of the highest economic developing provinces in China, suffered big economic losses from geo-hazards in recent years due to frequent geo-hazard events with the estimated damage of approximately 3000 million RMB. It is therefore important to establish an efficient way to mitigate potential damage and reduce losses of property and life derived from disasters. This paper presents the procedure of setting up a regional geological hazard forecast and information releasing system of Hubei province with the combination of advanced techniques such as World Wide Web (WWW), database online and ASP based on WEBGIS platform (MAPGIS-IMS) and rainfall information. A Web-based interface was developed using a three-tiered architecture based on client-server technology in this system. The study focused on the upload of the rainfall data, the definition of rainfall threshold values, the creation of geological disaster warning map and the forecast of geohazard relating to the rainfall. Its purposes are to contribute to the management of mass individual and regional geological disaster spatial data, help to forecast the conditional probabilities of occurrence of various disasters that might be posed by the rainfall, and release forecasting information of Hubei province timely via the internet throughout all levels of government, the private and nonprofit sectors, and the academic community. This system has worked efficiently and stably in the internet environment which is strongly connected with meteorological observatory. Environment Station of Hubei Province are making increased use of our Web-tool to assist in the decision-making process to analyze geo

  6. [Relationship between central obesity and clustering of cardiovascular risk factors in adults of Jiangsu province].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Su, Jian; Xiang, Quanyong; Lyu, Shurong; Pan, Xiaoqun; Qin, Yu; Yang, Jie; Zhou, Jinyi; Zhang, Yongqing; Wu, Ming; Tao, Ran

    2015-06-01

    To explore the relationship between central obesity and cardiovascular risk factors and their clustering in adults of Jiangsu province. Multi-stratified clustering sampling method was used to sample 8 400 residents aged 18 years and over from 14 diseases surveillance units in Jiangsu province from October to December 2010. Information was obtained with face-to-face interview, physical examination and laboratory testing. A total of 8 380 residents finished the study protocol and their data were analyzed. Central obesity was defined as waist circumference ≥ 85 cm in males or ≥ 80 cm in females. Following complex weighting of the samples, level and proportion of cardiovascular risk factors in group with different waist circumference were analyzed. The prevalence of central obesity among adults in Jiangsu province was 46.2%, the proportion of males and females was 46.4% and 46.1%, respectively (P > 0.05). The prevalence of center obesity varied significantly in residents with different age, area, education and occupation (all P risk factors increased in proportion to increasing waist circumference (all P risk of hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia and clustering of cardiovascular risk factors was 2.2 (OR = 2.2, 95% CI: 2.0-2.4) and 4.7 (OR = 4.7, 95% CI: 3.9-5.7); 2.1 (OR = 2.1, 95% CI: 1.7-2.5) and 3.8 (OR = 3.8, 95% CI: 3.2-4.5); 2.3 (OR = 2.3, 95% CI: 1.8-2.9) and 4.1 (OR = 4.1, 95% CI: 3.2-5.3); 3.4 (OR = 3.4, 95% CI: 2.9-3.9) and 8.0 (OR = 8.0, 95% CI: 6.2-10.2) fold higher in residents with mild and severe central obesity than residents without central obesity. The extent of central obesity positively correlates with the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and their clustering in adults of Jiangsu province. Comprehensive interventions on obesity serve as an important tool to reduce the cardiovascular risk in adult Jiangshu residents.

  7. Evaluation of the Potential for Intensive Utilization of Urban Land:A Case Study from Shiyan City in Hubei Province%城市土地集约利用潜力评价研究--以湖北省十堰市为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈青; 宋敏

    2013-01-01

      在综合国内外城市土地集约利用评价基础上,针对湖北省十堰市的城市土地利用现状,应用多因素评价法和层次分析法,构建了城市土地集约利用潜力评价体系;通过实证研究,得出十堰市城市土地集约利用潜力值。研究结果表明:十堰市城区土地具有较大挖掘潜力,可从优化土地利用布局、提高土地立体空间利用程度等方面采取措施,以有效提高城市土地利用集约度。%  Both national and international studies have evaluated the potential for intensive utilization of urban land. This paper applies a multifactor evaluation method and hierarchical analytical process to empirical y assess the potential for intensive utilization of urban land in Shiyan city (Hubei Province). The results show that Shiyan still has potential for development, if the measures applied here are used to generate the optimized layout of land use, thereby improving both the spatial arrangement of land use and the intensity of utilization of urban land.

  8. Research on the Problems and Solutions of the SMEs' Management of Intellectual Property in the Scientific and Technical Innovation -Taking Hubei Province for Example%中小企业科技创新中的知识产权问题及对策研究——以湖北省为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    门玉英; 颜慧超; 盛建新; 张晓; 汤华波

    2011-01-01

    从全球经济背景下中小企业开展科技创新及加强知识产权管理的必要性着手,探讨了中小企业科技创新的特征及其与知识产权的紧密关系.同时,以湖北省为例,针对中小企业在开展科技创新过程中所呈现的主要问题,提出了加强中小企业知识产权管理的主要政策建议.%Launching on from the necessary of the scientific and technical innovation development and the intellectual property management for SMEs, the innovation characteristics and the close relationship between them are put out.Meanwhile, taking Hubei Province for example, the policy recommendations are offered for strengthening the SMEs' intellectual property management according to the problems for SMEs' found in the progress of scientific and technical innovation.

  9. 教育对经济增长贡献率比较研究--以湖北省、鄂州市为例%A Comparative Study on Contribution of Education to Economic Growth:A Case Study of Hubei Province and Ezhou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄军生

    2015-01-01

    作为武汉1+8城市圈的一员,鄂州市面临着产业结构优化升级,经济发展方式转变的艰巨任务。本文通过对教育与经济增长的相关理论和数据模型的运用,分别对湖北省教育和鄂州市教育对经济增长贡献率进行核算,并比较分析,其结果对鄂州市实施科教兴市和人才强市的战略具有重要的现实意义。%As a member of“1+8 Wuhan Urban Circle”,Ezhou city is facing a huge task on optimi-zing,upgrading of industrial structure and transforming of the economic development patterns, Based on the relationship between education and economic growth theory and application of data model,this present paper took Hubei province and Ezhou city as an example to make a comparative study on the contribution of education to economic growth, The results will be of great significance to the strategies of prospering Ezhou with science and education,and strengthening by talents.

  10. Path of Citizenization of Transferring Rural Population in the Process of New Urbanization:Take Hubei Province as an Example%推进新型城镇化过程中农业转移人口市民化的实施路径--以湖北省为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王时晖

    2016-01-01

    该文从阐述农业转移人口市民化对推进新型城镇化的重要作用入手,通过对湖北省推进新型城镇化过程中农业转移人口市民化的现状、问题及原因分析,提出了加快户籍制度改革推进产业发展、完善公共服务配套政策、加大公共财政投入、加强培训等农业转移人口市民化的实施路径。%In order to accelerate the development of new urbanization and solve the problem of citizenization of transferring rural population, this paper starts form the important role of citizenization of transferring rural population plays in the acceleration of new urbanization, analyzes the status, problems and reasons of citizenization of transfer-ring rural population in Hubei Province, and puts forward the path of citizenization of transferring rural population, including to accelerate the reform of the household registration system, accelerate the development of industry, im-prove the supporting policies for public service, increase the input of public finance, strengthen the training, etc.

  11. Survival and reproduction of Oncomelania hupensis robertsoni in water network regions in Hubei Province, China%湖北钉螺滇川亚种在湖北省水网地区生存繁殖及期望寿命研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄重峰; 邹节新; 李枢强; 周宪民

    2011-01-01

    Objective To understand the possibility of the survival and reproduction of Oncomelartia hupensis robertsoni snails in water network regions in Hubei Province, as well as their expected lifespan after leaving the original propagating environment, so as to provide the basic data and precondition for reducing the infection rates of O. H. Hupensis in the lake regions. Methods The 0. H. Robertsoni snails, smooth-shell, were collected from Danling County, Sichuan Province, and raised in the cages in Bai-masi Town of Jiangling County, Hubei Province. The survival and reproduction abilities of the snails were observed on regular time. The 0. H. Hupensis from Jiangling County, Hubei Province was studied as a control group. The expected lifespan of snails was calculated by using the animal life table. Results After 3-, 6-month, the survival rates of 0. H. Robertsoni were maintained more than 75% in the homogeneous and mixed living conditions, still above 20% after 9-month. Compared with the control group, there was a statistically significant difference in the 3-month group (X2three months =38. 641, P 0.05 ;x2nemonth, =5.017, P>0.05). Filial generation snails were found after nine months in each group. The expected lifespan of 0. H. Hupensis was 41. 16 d and that of 0. H. Robertsoni was 35. 84 d in the laboratory. Conclusions The 0. H. Robertsoni snails from foreign lands can continually survive and reproduce in water network regions in Hubei. 0. H. Robertsoni snails have enough survival time to passive remote diffusion after leaving the original propagating environments.%目的 探讨湖北钉螺滇川亚种在垸内水网地区生存繁殖的可能性和期望生存时间.方法 采用笼养法,将采自四川省丹棱县的湖北钉螺滇川亚种、湖北省江陵县实验区内的湖北钉螺指名亚种进行雌雄鉴定分离,分别以雌雄比1∶1配对后,放养在江陵县实验区的螺笼内,分别于3、6个月和9个月后,定期观察其生存和繁殖情况

  12. Present Situation,Problems and Countermeasures of Inbound Tourism of Hubei Province%湖北省入境旅游发展的现状、困境与对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    詹丽; 张小月

    2016-01-01

    This paper analyzes inbound tourism of Hubei in terms of tourists'size,composition,spending and distribution.Problems in both exterior environment change and interior development are explored before sugges-tion are put forward concerning its further growth:boosting the effectiveness and width of overseas marketing, increasing attraction through product development,promoting service quality,strengthening cost control and en-hancing competitiveness.%文章从接待规模、游客构成、旅游花费、游客流向等方面对湖北省入境旅游市场现状进行了概述,从外部环境变化和湖北旅游自身存在的不足两方面分析了当前湖北省入境旅游面临的困境,进而提出了湖北入境旅游发展的若干建议:加强海外促销,提升促销效果;加强产品开发,提升市场引力;加强服务投入,提升服务质量;加强成本控制,提升竞争优势.

  13. Analysis of the formation mechanism of the Zhaojiayan rock fall in Wufeng County, Hubei Province%湖北五峰赵家岩崩塌形成机理分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冉涛; 文宝萍; 苏昌; 陈刚; 卞学军

    2012-01-01

    The Zhaojiayan rock fall is a typical rock fall which occurred at the mountainous area in western Hubei. Field investigation shows that steep terrain, fissured rock masses and gentle weak intercalated layer are the basis of dangerous rock masses formation; karstification and coal mining activities are the influence factors which had resulted in deformation development of dangerous rock masses; and heavy rain is the direct incentive of rock fall occurrence. In order to find out the formation mechanism and failure mode, critical water head height in the back tensile crack are calculated with the rigid block limit equilibrium method for potential failure modes on the basis of qualitative analysis of formation conditions and influence factors of the rock fall. The collapse failure mode is discussed by comparison analysis. The results show that the underlying carbonaceous shale has been sheared as the dangerous rock masses are pushed out by the water pressure which is filled in the back tensile crack, and the sliding rock fall happens. The analysis results can be used as a reference for analysis of similar rock falls and prevention occurred in the mountainous areas in western Hubei.%赵家岩崩塌是发生在鄂西山区的一处典型岩质崩塌.野外调查发现,陡峻地形、裂隙发育岩体、平缓软弱夹层是危岩形成的基础,岩溶作用、采煤活动是危岩变形发展的影响因素,强降雨是崩塌发生的直接诱因.为了弄清崩塌的形成机理和失稳模式,文章在对崩塌形成条件和影响因素定性分析的基础上,采用刚体极限平衡方法,分别计算了可能失稳模式下,危岩失稳所需后缘裂缝内的临界水头高度,进而通过对比分析,对危岩的失稳方式进行了讨论.结果显示,崩塌发生是危岩在后缘裂缝静水压力推动下,沿下伏炭质页岩层发生剪切滑动破坏,进而产生了滑移式崩塌.该崩塌形成机理的分析结果,可以为鄂西山区类似的崩塌分析与防治提供参考.

  14. Comment on "Atmospheric PCO₂ perturbations associated with the Central Atlantic Magmatic Province".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rampino, Michael R; Caldeira, Ken

    2011-11-04

    Schaller et al. (Research Article, 18 March 2011, p. 1404) proposed that carbon dioxide (CO(2)) released by the Central Atlantic Magmatic Province eruptions over periods of about 20,000 years led to substantial increases of up to 2000 parts per million (ppm) in the concentration of atmospheric carbon dioxide (PCO(2)) near the Triassic-Jurassic boundary. Use of an atmosphere-ocean model coupled to a carbon-cycle model predicts PCO(2) increases of less than 400 ppm from magmatic volatiles, with only a small climatic impact.

  15. The reactivity of sera from hemorrhagic fever in patients with renal syndromes to the recombination nucleotide proteins from European hantaviruses in Hubei province%湖北地区HFRS患者血清与欧洲汉坦病毒重组核抗原的反应性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晴; 陈文; 杨占秋

    2008-01-01

    目的 用欧洲汉坦病毒流行株制备重组核抗原,检测湖北地区HFRS患者血清中汉坦病毒特异性抗体,观察流行于不同地区汉坦病毒的相关性.方法 收集湖北地区34例HFRS患者急性/恢复期血清,以ELISA法检测血清标本对欧洲汉坦病毒重组核抗原(rNP)的反应性.结果 多不拉伐病毒(DOBV)-rNP对IgA抗体检出率最高,汉滩病毒(HTNV)-rNP对IgG抗体检出率最高,两者对IgM抗体检出率的差异无统计学意义;普马拉病毒(PUUV)-rNP对各种抗体检出率均低,但有3例患者急性期和恢复期标本对3种PUUV-rNP均有很强反应性.定量分析结果发现,IgM抗体水平急性期较高,IgA抗体水平急性期、恢复期均较高;IgA、IgG抗体水平恢复期均显著升高.结论 DOBV-rNP对湖北地区HFRS患者血清检出率高,IgA抗体水平在急性期和恢复期均较高,对疾病的监测具有重要意义;湖北地区可能存在PUU型和DOB型汉坦病毒流行.%Objective Five yeast-expressed recombination nucleotide proteins of European hantaviruses were prepared as coated antigens to detect hantavirus-specific antibodies in sera from hemorrhagic fever with renal syndromes (HFRS) in Hubei province, through ELISA assay. The relativity among hantaviruses prevailing in different areas was investigated. Methods 34 pairs of acute/convalescent serum samples were collected from HFRS patients in Hubei during 1985 - 1989 and 1996-2000. ELISA assay was performed to detect the reactivity of these sera to different hantavirus-recombinant nucleocapsid proteins(HV-rNP) which were derived from puumala virus (PUUV), dobrava virus (DOBV) while using hantaan virus (HTNV) to serve as control. Qualitative results were used to analyze the detection rate and the quantitative results of optical density values were used to investigate the antibodies' level and the changes. Results The detective efficiency of rNP against IgG antibody in samples was as follows

  16. CULTURAL TOURISM POTENTIAL IN THE NORTH CENTRAL PROVINCE OF SRI LANKA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wijitapure Wimalaratana

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available International tourism has recorded a tremendous growth in the past and this trend will continue further uninterruptedly. Sri Lanka has been one of the major tourist attractions since antiquity. The end of a protracted civil war has been a blessing for the tourist industry and the consequent rapid expansion of tourist infrastructure in the island. Although the island is a small one, it is rich in religious and cultural diversity. Buddhism is the main religion of the majority of people, while Hinduism, Christianity and Islam are also practiced by portions of the population. The resultant rich cultural heritage of the island has been constructed around religious practices, historical monuments and ancient cities, meditation, yoga, folk music and dances, festivities, ceremonies and rituals. Special sites with multi religious attractions reflect the diversity and uniqueness of a rich culture. The North Central Province of Sri Lanka is especially rich in cultural resources owing largely to it housing two cities that served as the island’s capital for more than 1000 years in ancient times. Only a small fraction of this vast amount of resources has been utilized by the tourism industry so far. The paper argues that the promotion of religious and cultural tourism products in the North Central Province of Sri Lanka will open up new avenues of engagement for tourists and income generation for the island. Ancient monuments and religious sites, segments of culture tourism, would be magnates to overseas archeologists and Buddhist communities.

  17. Paleotectonic Setting of Dongyan Group of Middle and Upper Proterozoic in Central Fujian Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Da; Wu Ganguo; Ye Yujiang; Zhang Xiangxin; Peng Runmin; Wu Jianshe; Wang Qunfeng

    2004-01-01

    The central Fujian Province, situated on the juncture of paleo-uplift of Wuyishan, Yongmei Late Paleozoic depression and the eastern volcanic rift-faulting zone, is mainly composed of the outcropped metamorphic basements in the Middle-Late and Early Proterozoic, which constitute two upper and lower giant thick formations of Precambrian volcanic-sedimentary cycles, respectively. The formation of Dongyan Group is an important Middle-Upper Proterozoic component, and the Dongyan Group is directly related to massive sulfide deposit in this area. In recent years, plenty of lead, zinc, copper, silver and gold deposits have been found and explored. The Precambrian paleorift setting of the central Fujian Province served as a favorite metallogenic background for the formation of large- and superlarge-scale volcanic massive sulfide (VMS) lead and zinc polymetal deposits. The Dongyan Group consists chiefly of a set of ancient volcanic sedimentary formations that are composed mainly of greenschist. Its major lithologic types comprise greenschist, marble, quartzite and granofels class including various components. The metamorphic rocks of Dongyan Group are the main composition of Middle and Upper Proterozoic volcanic-sedimentary cycle. The original rock of Dongyan Group, a stable rock association, is volcanic sedimentation and normal marine sedimentation. But the original volcanic rocks, basic and acid, are bimodal. The volcanic rocks were formed in the extensional continental rift setting.

  18. Impact of temperature on mortality in Hubei, China: a multi-county time series analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yunquan; Yu, Chuanhua; Bao, Junzhe; Li, Xudong

    2017-03-01

    We examined the impact of extreme temperatures on mortality in 12 counties across Hubei Province, central China, during 2009-2012. Quasi-Poisson generalized linear regression combined with distributed lag non-linear model was first applied to estimate county-specific relationship between temperature and mortality. A multivariable meta-analysis was then used to pool the estimates of county-specific mortality effects of extreme cold temperature (1st percentile) and hot temperature (99th percentile). An inverse J-shaped relationship was observed between temperature and mortality at the provincial level. Heat effect occurred immediately and persisted for 2-3 days, whereas cold effect was 1-2 days delayed and much longer lasting. Higher mortality risks were observed among females, the elderly aged over 75 years, persons dying outside the hospital and those with high education attainment, especially for cold effects. Our data revealed some slight differences in heat- and cold- related mortality effects on urban and rural residents. These findings may have important implications for developing locally-based preventive and intervention strategies to reduce temperature-related mortality, especially for those susceptible subpopulations. Also, urbanization should be considered as a potential influence factor when evaluating temperature-mortality association in future researches.

  19. SUSCEPTIBILITY OF DENGUE HAEMORRHAGIC FEVER VECTOR (Aedes aegypti AGAINST ORGANOPHOSPHATE INSECTICIDES (MALATHION AND TEMEPHOS IN SOME DISTRICTS OF YOGYAKARTA AND CENTRAL JAVA PROVINCES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Damar Tri Boewono

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available SUSCEPTIBILITY OF DENGUE HAEMORRHAGIC FEVER VECTOR (Aedes aegypti AGAINST ORGANOPHOSPHATE INSECTICIDES (MALATHION AND TEMEPHOS IN SOME DISTRICTS OF YOGYAKARTA AND CENTRAL JAVA PROVINCES

  20. Resistance of Culex tritaeniorhynchus in Huangzhou district,Huanggang city,Hubei province,China to commonly used insecticides and the potential effect of Romanomermis wuchangensis infection on its insecticide resistance%湖北省黄州区三带喙库蚊抗药性调查及武昌罗索线虫感染对其影响研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董循; 潘海; 雷桂兰; 吴中华; 崔峰; 乔传令

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解湖北省黄冈市黄州区近郊三带喙库蚊对常用化学杀虫剂的抗性现状,研究武昌罗索线虫的寄生对其抗性的影响,为蚊虫治理和疾病预防提供技术支撑.方法 采用生物测定法测定湖北省黄州区一中(QYZ)感染了武昌罗索线虫的三带喙库蚊种群和东方广场(DFGC)未感染的三带喙库蚊种群对常用杀虫剂半数致死浓度(LC50),以判定抗性等级.结果 DFGC种群对对硫磷、毒死蜱、敌敌畏、残杀威、巴沙、氯菊酯、高效氯氰菊酯、溴氰菊酯和胺菊酯9种杀虫剂的LC50分别为1.854 74、0.295 74、24.865 10、2.179 81、6.137 24、0.040 87、0.016 69、0.009 60和2.071 32 mg/L;DFGC种群的LC50均高于QYZ种群,比率为1~7倍.与敏感品系相比,黄州区三带喙库蚊对敌敌畏、残杀威、氯菊酯、高效氯氰菊酯和溴氰菊酯的抗性比率分别为388、9、11、8和24倍.结论 黄州区近郊三带喙库蚊对常用化学杀虫剂抗性较高,而武昌罗索线虫的寄生可能是显著降低其对杀虫剂抵抗性的原因.%Objective To investigate the resistance of Culex tritaeniorhynchus in the suburbs of Huangzhou district, Huanggang city, Hubei province, China to commonly used insecticides and the effect of Romanomermis wuchangensis infection on its insecticide resistance, and to provide technical support for mosquito control and disease prevention. Methods The LC50 values of commonly used insecticides for Cx. Tritaeniorhynchus infected with R. Wuchangensis from the First Middle School of Huangzhou (QYZ) and the uninfected Cx. Tritaeniorhynchus from the Dongfang Square (DFGC) were measured by bioassay to evaluate their insecticide resistance levels. Results The LC50 values of parathion, chlorpyrifos, dichlorvos, propoxur, fenobucarb, permethrin, beta-cypermethrin, deltamethrin, and tetramethrin for the uninfected Cx. Tritaeniorhynchus in DFGC were 1.854 74, 0.295 74, 24.865 10, 2.179 81, 6.137 24, 0.040 87, 0.016 69

  1. THE DEMAND OF FARMERS INTEREST IN RURAL LAND CONSOLIDATION ---FROM THE EMPIRICAL STUDY OF SOME COUNTIES IN HUBEI PROVINCE%农地整理过程中农民利益诉求∗--来自湖北省部分县市的实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢雪群; 杨钢桥; 赵微

    2014-01-01

    Farmers are the ultimate beneficiaries of land consolidation projects having local knowledge that local government and relevant technical personnel do not have. Meanwhile, they are mostly familiar with local agricultur-al production conditions and the improvement space. Their interest demands deserve the recognition and attention. But at present in China, the operation mode of land consolidation project is " top-down", mainly supported by government investment and guidance. Farmers as the main benefit body participate less and are positioned as the project decision-making recipients that finally leads to the ignorance of farmers real interests demand, and greatly influences the effect of land consolidation projects. Through random investigation into farmers in rural land consoli-dation projects of some counties in Hubei province, this article analyzed the current interest demands in rural land consolidation, and used the fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method to analyze comprehensive evaluation of farmers ' interest demands. The results showed that farmers whose interest demands appealed" relatively strong" accounted for the largest share of 36. 60%;farmers whose interest demands appealed" very strong" accounted for 14. 00%;farmers whose interest demands appealed " general" accounted for 28. 20%; farmers whose interest demands ap-pealed " weaker" accounted for18. 70%; farmers whose interest demands appealed " very weak" accounted for 2. 50%. Based on the maximum membership degree principle of fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method, it con-cluded that farmers had great complaints on rural land consolidation projects in some counties in Hubei province, and most farmers in this investigation had" relatively strong" public interest demands in rural land consolidation.%目前中国的农地整理项目的运作模式是一种“自上而下”的模式,主要由政府出资和指导,农民作为主要的受益主体参与较少,被定位为项目决策的接受者

  2. The Investigation of Parents Factors Influenced on the Partial Physical Quality Qualified Rate of Preschool Children from Three to Six Years Old in Hubei Province%影响3-6岁幼儿部分身体素质合格率的父母因素的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丽红; 杜忠林; 钱骏; 黄茜; 刘智

    2014-01-01

    选取2010年湖北省国民体质监测走、跑、跳身体素质指标并联系问卷中的父母因素项,统计分析各因素项中身体素质合格率的差异,探讨影响幼儿部分身体素质合格率的父母因素,以便为采取有效措施促进幼儿体质发展提供依据。结果显示,父母受教育程度为大专及以上、职业为脑力劳动类型的幼儿10m折返跑、立定跳远的合格率高,而走平衡木的合格率则以父母受教育程度为初中及以下及其他类型的劳动者高。父母参加每周1次以上体育锻炼的幼儿,以上这些身体素质的合格率都较不参加体育锻炼的父母的幼儿高。结论认为,鼓励幼儿父母参加体育锻炼、提高其体育锻炼及社会文化认知也是不可忽略的促进幼儿体质的干预手段之一。%Using the statistic method to analyze the differences between the data of partial physical quality rate of preschool children in different questionnaire items about the parents in 2010 year physical fitness surveillance in Hubei Province to investigate the parents factors influenced on the partial physical quality qualified rate of preschool children from three to six year old in Hubei Province, as to provide the truth to take the efficient measures to improve the physical fitness. Results: The preschool children whose parents are in the high level of education or mental workers are in the high physical quality qualified rate in standing long jump and 10m reentry run, but the qualified rates in walking the balance beam of preschool children whose parents are in the high level of education or other type workers are higher. The preschool children whose parents'frequency of physical exercise in a week is above one are in the higher physical quality qualified rate than below. Conclusion: Encouraging the parents to participate in physical exercise, as well as improving the cognition of their physical exercise and social cultural, that maybe

  3. Analysis on the Problem of Private Supply for Rural Health Services Based on the Resident Perspective in Hubei Province%基于居民视角的湖北省农村卫生服务私人供给问题分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙翠环; 徐娟; 唐丽娟; 高红霞

    2011-01-01

    Objective: Analyze the present situation and question about the multi-provision of rural health services in Hubei province from the resident perspective. Methods: The method of random sampling was conducted to carry on questionnaire survey to 270 rural residents in Hubei province. Results: The rate of priority selection for the private medical institutions accounts for 4. 1 % when rural residents fall ill; the frequency of going to private medical institutions is low; the nearer distance. cheaper expense and better attitude is the three main reasons for rural residents to go to the private medical institutions, respectively accounts for 50.9%. 23. 1 %. and 9.3 % . The main obstacle that rural residents is not willing to accept the pnvate health service is the distrust for the private medical institutions. accounts for 41.0%; 18.9% residents consider that the medical technology of private medical institution is backward. Conclusion: The resident's distrust for the private medical institutions is the main obstacle that restricts the multi-provision of rural heajth services, technology, distance, and whether is the fixed point are the main effecl factors. To achieve the multi-provision system of rural medical services can't be short of the participation of social strength and market,the development of private medical institutions in rural area is slow, the govemment and the society should positively explore the pattern for multi-provision of rural health services, perfect the medical service market.%目的:从居民角度分析湖北省农村卫生服务多元化供给的现状和存在的问题.方法:采用随机抽样的方法对湖北省270名农村居民进行问卷调查.结果:农村居民患病时对私立卫生机构的首选率占4.1%;去私立医院就医的频率较低;距离近、费用便宜和态度好是农村居民去私立卫生机构就医的三大主要原因,分别占50.9%、23.1%和9.3%;对私立卫生机构的不信赖是农村居

  4. Detection and Classification of Volcanic Earthquakes/Tremors in Central Anatolian Volcanic Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kahraman, Metin; Arda Özacar, A.; Bülent Tank, S.; Uslular, Göksu; Kuşcu, Gonca; Türkelli, Niyazi

    2017-04-01

    Central Anatolia has been characterized by active volcanism since 10 Ma which created the so called Central Anatolia Volcanic Province (CAVP) where a series of volcanoes are located along the NE-SW trend. The petrological investigations reveal that the magma source in the CAVP has both subduction and asthenospheric signature possibly due to tearing of ongoing northward subduction of African plate along Aegean and Cyprus arcs. Recently, a temporary seismic array was deployed within the scope of Continental Dynamics: Central Anatolian Tectonics (CD-CAT) project and provided a unique opportunity to study the deep seismic signature of the CAVP. Passive seismic imaging efforts and magnetotellurics (MT) observations revealed low velocity and high conductivity zones supporting the presence of localized partial melt bodies beneath the CAVP at varying depths, especially around Mt. Hasan which exhibits both geological and archeological evidences for its eruption around 7500 B.C. In Central Anatolia, local seismicity detected by the CD-CAT array coincides well with the active faults zones. However, active or potentially active volcanoes within CAVP are characterized by the lack of seismic activity. In this study, seismic data recorded by permanent stations of Regional Earthquake-Tsunami Monitoring Center were combined with temporary seismic data collected by the CD-CAT array to improve sampling density across the CAVP. Later, the continuous seismic waveforms of randomly selected time intervals were manually analyzed to identify initially undetected seismic sources which have signal characters matching to volcanic earthquakes/tremors. For candidate events, frequency spectrums are constructed to classify the sources according to their physical mechanisms. Preliminary results support the presence of both volcano-tectonic (VT) and low-period (LT) events within the CAVP. In the next stage, the spectral and polarization analyses techniques will be utilized to the entire seismic

  5. 农村老年人再婚的现状、需求与障碍--基于湖北和江西两个村庄的考察%The Situation, Demand and Obstacle of Remarriage of Rural Elderly-- Based on the Survey of Two Villages in Hubei and Jiangxi Provinces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙新华; 宋涛

    2014-01-01

    利用来自湖北省和江西省两个村庄的调查材料,探讨了农村老年人再婚的现状、需求和主要障碍,并提出了相应的政策建议。农村老年人较之于从前有着更加强烈的再婚需求,但由于观念上和经济层面上的现实障碍,老年人在实际再婚比例和再婚意愿之间还存在较大差距。需要国家、社会、老人子女和老年人自己共同努力,创造利于农村老人再婚的制度保障、社会环境和家庭条件。%This paper uses the survey materials about two villages in Hubei and Jiangxi province, discusses the present situation, demand and the main obstacles of rural elderly people’s remarriage, and puts forward relevant policy suggestions. The result indicates that the rural elderly people have more intense remarried demand than before because their situation changed. By reason of the economic obstacles and the concept of obstacles, there is a large gap between remarried ratio of aged people and their wills. Therefore, the state, the society, the elderly and the children need to work together to promote the institution guarantee, social environment and family conditions for the elderly remarriage.

  6. An analysis on the present condition and influencing factor of the residents’health literacy in Hubei Province, 2012%2012年湖北省居民健康素养现状及影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    覃世龙; 徐静东; 李玲; 夏庆华

    2015-01-01

    目的:了解湖北省居民健康素养的分布状况及影响因素。方法采用多阶段分层随机抽样的方法,于2012年10—12月在湖北省18个监测点随机抽取15~69岁常住人口5401人,采用《全国居民健康素养监测调查问卷》开展调查,主要包括基本健康知识和理念、健康生活方式与行为、基本技能3个方面。主要分析方法有描述性分析,χ2检验和非条件 Logistic 回归。结果在5354份有效问卷中,城市人口占44.4%,农村人口占55.6%,男女性别比为1.16∶1。湖北省2012年健康素养水平为9.3%,其中基本知识和理念素养水平为15.8%,健康生活方式与行为素养水平为12%,健康技能素养水平为15.3%;6类健康问题素养水平由高到低分别是:安全与急救素养44.5%,科学健康观32.9%,信息获取素养20.8%,传染病防治素养19.3%,基本医疗素养10.9%,慢性病防治素养8.6%。民族、文化程度、职业和家庭年收入为健康素养的影响因素,以少数民族为参照,汉族的健康素养水平较高,OR 值为2.38(95%CI:1.14~4.98);文化程度每升高一个档次,健康素养水平增加,OR 值为1.54(95%CI:1.39~1.71);以其他职业为参照,医务人员、其他事业单位和其他企业单位的健康素养水平较高,OR 值分别为3.94(95%CI:2.48~6.27)、2.30(95%CI:1.66~3.18)、1.43(95%CI:1.06~1.93);健康素养水平随家庭年收入升高而增加,OR 值为1.20(95%CI:1.08~1.33)。结论湖北省居民健康素养水平依然较低。%Objective To understand the distribution of the residents’health literacy in Hubei Province,and to provide the scientific basis for making health education and health promotion policies and measures.Methods The multi-stage stratified random sampling method was used to choose 5401

  7. 旱灾背景下农业保险需求影响因素的实证分析--以湖北省洪湖市为例%An empirical analysis of influencing factors on demand for agricultural insurance in the context of drough---Based on Honghu city in Hubei province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

      本文通过对湖北省洪湖市农业保险相关问题进行调研分析,发现农民年龄与文化知识水平、耕地面积规模、农业保险险种、农业保险补偿水平高低、农民对农业保险的认知等因素影响农业保险需求。为提高农业保险有效性,本文提出加大农业保险宣传,培养知识农民;促进农业规模化经营,丰富农业保险险种;提高农业保险的补偿水平,改进农业保险营销策略。%This paper research on agricultural insurance of Honghu City in Hubei Province , Found that farmers ′age and level of cultural knowledge, the scale of arable land, agricultural insurance coverage , the level of agricultural insurance compensa-tion level, farmers′awareness of agricultural insurance and so on affect the demand for agricultural insurance .In order to im-prove the effectiveness of agricultural insurance , proposed to increase the publicity of agricultural insurance , train Knowledge farmers;promote large-scale management of agriculture , rich agricultural insurance coverage;improve the level of compen-sation of agricultural insurance , improve agricultural insurance marketing strategy .

  8. 白背飞虱迁入和迁出种群湖北荆门吡蚜酮抗性的最新监测*%New Pymetrozine Resistance Monitoring of the Immigration and Emigration Population of Sogatella furcifera Collected from the Rice Fields of Jingmen City,Hubei Province in 2012

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    凌善锋; 张润杰

    2013-01-01

    Sample of Sogatella furcifera were collected from the rice elds of Jingmen City,Hubei Prov-ince and their pymetrozine resistance levels were monitored by using the rice seedling dipping method in 2012.The results showed that the immigration populations had the medium level of resistance to py-metrozine (RR=16.07),while the emigration population and return migration population had the higher level of resistance.The change regularity of pymetrozine resistance levels to Sogatella furcifera from Jing-men were emigration population>return migration population >the immigration population in 2012,in-dicating that the pymetrozine resistance was moving forward and increasing sharply.It is urgent to perform a resistance management program.%采用稻茎浸渍法得出,2012年采集自湖北荆门的白背飞虱迁入种群有中等水平抗性(RR=16.07),迁出种群和回迁种群对田间吡蚜酮农药有高水平抗性。白背飞虱对田间吡蚜酮农药2012年度内抗性变化规律为迁出种群>回迁种群>迁入种群,说明湖北荆门白背飞虱种群对吡蚜酮的抗性在推进性激增。抗性治理迫在眉睫。

  9. 自我与他者互动情境中的《部氏族谱》——湖北省三家台蒙古族村世系谱牒的人类学考察%Interaction between Ego and Others in Bu's Genealogy——taking the genealogy of Sanjiatai Mongolian village in Hubei Province as an example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王志清

    2012-01-01

    The Sanjiatai Mongolian Village is the only Mongolian village in Hubei Province and the majority villagers surname is the Bu. Ever since the confirmation of the Mongolian identity in the early 1980s to the formation of the ethnic Village in the early 21st century, the Bu's Genealogy has benn recognized as an important base for the ethnical identity of the villagers and ramarkable culture of the village. Bu's Genealog, has been given various meanings in the course of being rewritten. It would be benificial for us to understanding the essence of contemporary Chinese minority and to deeply descripe and interprete the genealogy and the other events concerned.%三家台蒙古族村是湖北省唯一的蒙古族村落,该村落的蒙古族群众以部姓村民为主体。从20世纪80年代初期确认部氏族人的蒙古族身份到21世纪初期成立民族村以及民族村的持续发展中,《部氏族谱》先后充当民族身份确认的重要依据、民族村的标志性文化。《部氏族谱》在自我与他者互动情境中被赋予各种意义以及层累地续写,深描并阐释《部氏族谱》及其相关事件,对于深层次了解当代中国少数民族的本质大有裨益。

  10. A Comparative Study on the Livelihood Capital of Family between Planning and Non-planning:The Data from Hubei Province%计生与非计生家庭生计资本状况比较研究--来自湖北省的数据

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹立斌

    2015-01-01

    Based on the sample data from Hubei province, this paper quantified and analyzed of livelihood capital. The results show that family planning policy has realized its expected value after its enforcement 30 years because that the production and living conditions of planning families are better than non⁃planning families’ . But the price of the planning families is that they will get less intergenerational support when their children have their own family. So in the prospective policy, on one hand, we should keep on maintaining and reinforcing the quantity and quality of prize to the planning families, and on the other hand, we should provide more social security support to them.%来自湖北省的调研数据经过生计资本量化测度与分析后显示,计划生育政策执行30余年后,已经显现了其应有的政策效果,农村计划生育家庭的生产生活条件显著优于非计划生育家庭。而计划生育夫妇的现实代价是,将在子女独立生活后,获得较少的代际支持。在未来的计生政策中,应保持并加强对计生家庭的奖励优惠力度,更加突出地强调对计生夫妇的社会保障性支持。

  11. 农民专业合作社盈余分配的实证分析——以湖北省24家专业合作社为例%Analysis on Situation of Farmers' Cooperatives Distribution of Surplus——24 Farmers' Cooperatives in Hubei Province was Taken as Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张菊; 邓军蓉

    2012-01-01

    The farmers' cooperatives system was taken as the background, the existing problems and reasons of profit distribution in farmers' cooperatives based on the investigation of twenty-four farmers' cooperatives in Hubei province were analyzed. The problem of profit distribution in farmers' cooperatives were the draw proportion of surplus reserve was lack of commitment; the profit was not distributed according to the law; the surplus reserve was not distributed to common remembers. The reasons were common remembers did not know related law; core remembers controlled the fanners' cooperatives; external surpervision was not practicable. Then attention must be paid to the propaganda of law, supervisor mechanism should be beveloped and financial distribution of surplus should be standardized.%以湖北省24家农民专业合作社为例,对农民专业合作社在现有制度背景下的盈余分配中存在的问题及原因进行了分析.结果表明,合作社盈余分配的问题主要有:公积金提取比例随意性强,没有依法进行盈余分配,公积金没有量化到个人.合作社盈余分配中存在问题的原因主要有:普通成员不了解合作社相关法律法规,合作社内部人控制问题严重,政府部门对合作社财务监督不力.为此,提出应该重视合作社相关法律法规的宣传和学习、健全合作社评估及监督机制和规范合作社盈余分配制度等相关建议.

  12. 孝文化与农村老年妇女养老保障机制研究*--以湖北省为例%The Research on Filial Piety Culture and Old-age Security Mechanism of Rural Elderly Women--- Taking Hubei Province as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程静

    2014-01-01

    农村老年妇女是一个“弱中之弱”的群体。解决农村老年妇女的养老问题是解决老龄社会问题的关键所在。弘扬孝文化有利于完善个人养老、家庭养老、社区集体养老与社会养老保障相结合的多元化养老体系。以湖北省为例,介绍了老龄化背景下农村老年妇女的养老模式,当前养老现状凸显孝文化在养老功能中的弱化。最后,立足于弘扬孝文化,提出建立多元化的农村老年妇女养老保障机制的对策建议。%The rural elderly woman is the weakest group. Solving their pension problem is the key to solve the problem of aging society. Carrying forward the filial piety culture is helpful to perfect the diversified pension system combined personal pension, family pension, community collective pension and social pension security. Taking Hubei province as an example , this paper introduces the rural elderly women's pension mode under the aging background. The current pension situation highlights the reduction of filial piety culture in the pension function. At last, based on carrying forward filial piety culture, the paper proposed the countermeasures and sug-gestions to establish diversified old-age security mechanism of rural elderly women.

  13. Surveillance on antibody levels against pertussis,diphtheria and tetanus in healthy population in 2009 in Hubei province%湖北省2009年健康人群百日咳、白喉、破伤风抗体水平监测分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨红梅; 吕静; 霍细香; 王鸣; 徐军强; 詹发先; 江永忠; 占建波

    2011-01-01

    目的:为了解湖北省2009年健康人群血清中百日咳、白喉和破伤风抗体水平,抽样评价预防接种质量.方法:分七个年龄组抽取黄冈地区、咸宁地区、宜昌市和上堰市四个地区部分健康人群,采用间接ELISA法(定量)检测健康人群血清中百日咳、白喉、破伤风IgG抗体水平.结果:四个地区健康人群中,百日咳、白喉、破伤风IgG抗体阳性率分别为34.5%,59.3%和62.2%.结论:湖北省四个地区健康人群百日咳、白喉、破伤风抗体保护率比较低,提示我们要扩大接种覆盖率,提高冷链运转效率和疫苗接种质量.%Objective;To understand the antibodies levels against pertussis,diphtheria and tetanus in healthy population in 2009 in Hubei province and to evaluate the quality of immunization. Methods: The samples, collected from healthy population of Huanggang, Xianning, Yichang and Shiyan, were divided into seven age groups and examined by ELISA. Results: The results of the antibody positive rates of pertussis, diphtheria, tetanus are 34. 5% , 59.3% and 62. 2% respectively. Conclusion; In four areas, antibody protection rates of pertussis, diphtheria and tetanus are lower, which prompts us to expand the vaccination coverage fraction and improve the cold chain running efficiency and the vaccine inoculation quality.

  14. 湖北省农村地区2岁以下婴幼儿喂养状况%Evaluation of the feeding status of infants and young children under 2 years old in rural areas of Hubei province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘爽; 李骏; 龚晨睿; 程茅伟; 宋毅

    2014-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the current feeding status of infants and young children under 2 years old in rural areas of Hubei province.Methods The study was conducted by cluster random sampling from September 2009 to march 2010.The data on breastfeeding and complementary food supplement of the 1 197 infants and young children aged 0-23 months in 8 counties of Hubei province were collected through questionnaires.The feeding status was analyzed according to the WHO 2008 edition of Indicators for assessing infant and young child feeding practices.Results A total of 1 197 children aged 0-23 months were investigated.The rate of ever breastfeeding of children aged 0-23 months reached up to 93.9% (1 124/1 197),while the percentage of early initiation of breastfeeding was only 22.0% (263/1 197).The rates of exclusive breastfeeding under 6 months,continued breastfeeding for 1 year,and continued breastfeeding for 2 years were 72.1% (277/384),17.0% (26/153) and 4.9% (7/144),respectively.The median time of giving complementary food was the 6th month and the weaning time was the 9th month.The rate of complementary food supplemented from 6th-8th month in time was 61.8% (444/718).The rates of minimum dietary diversity,minimum meal frequency,minimum acceptable diet,and consumption of ironrich or iron-fortified foods among children aged 6-23 months were 61.7 % (502/813),81.5 % (663/813),54.4% (442/813) and 50.1% (407/813),respectively.Conclusion Late initiation of breastfeeding,noncontinued breastfeeding,giving complementary food too early or too late,inadequate category and frequency of complementary food,and the low rate of consumption of iron-rich or iron-fortified foods were the main issues to be concerned on infant feeding in rural areas of Hubei province.%目的 研究湖北省农村地区2岁以下婴幼儿喂养状况.方法 2009年9月至2010年3月,采用整群随机抽样的方法对湖北省8个县0~23月龄婴幼儿进行问卷调查,共收集1 197名

  15. 基于改进区位配置模型的农村就医空间优化布局研究——以湖北省仙桃市为例%Spatial Location-allocation Optimization for Rural Hospital with A Improved Regional Allocation Model:A Case Study in Xiantao City of Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗蕾; 罗静; 田玲玲; 刘鹏程; 郑文升

    2016-01-01

    以湖北省仙桃市为研究区域,运用改进区位配置模型,通过调整设施数量和规模实验,研究农村就医空间优化布局.首先对比分析传统区位配置模型(LA模型),引入等级规模偏好系数,构建改进区位配置模型.然后基于ArcGIS10.2 Geoprocessing框架,整合GIS网络分析,运用程序设计语言Python和线性规划建模工具PuLP实现模型构建,运用线性规划软件Cplex实现模型求解,运用ArcGIS10.2进行地理空间可视化表达.最后通过调整设施数量和规模对比实验发现:医疗机构布局调整后更加合理,居民就医效率明显提高,居民获得医疗服务时间成本减少,且15 min内满足更多医疗需求,验证了改进区位配置模型在农村就医空间优化布局的实用性.%With the acceleration of urbanization in China, a large number of rural people have shifted towards into urban area. With the number of local people decreasing in recent years, the result has influenced the prob-lem on how to spatially arrange public basic service facilities in rural area. The centralized layout, expanded size, service quality improved for the public services is the common phenomenon in rural area by merger of vil-lage and by abolishing village government. However, with the limitation on the resources, the expanding for each facility lead to the number of facilities decreased, serving radius of facilities increased, and their accessi-bility lowered. The study on that"how-to"in a scientific and reasonable way provides an effective way for solving the contradiction between quality and accessibility. The spatial arrangement of public health facilities is the key component of the study on the equalization of public services. Therefore the study on their spatial op-timization has been paid more and more attention in research fields, such as human geography, medicine, pub-lic health and sociology. Taking Xiantao City in Hubei Province as a survey region, we analyzed the spatial

  16. Mapping of Marine Area Boundary of Central Java Province using Differential GPS Survey Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurul Khakhim

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The development of GPS (Global Positioning System technology which is measuring position by satellite, has taken a great metodology aspect of position on surface of earth. The standard GPS measurement takes an absolute positioning. To develop the accurate abd precision, it is used the differential method. Differential GPS measurement can be much more accurate than standard GPs measurement, wherever the method uses one receiver as base station/ reference and the other receiver as field station in a same time. That could reduce and eliminate drifts and errors. The aim of research is use the differential method of GPS survey to map the ocean boundary of Central Java Province. Physical data which neede are base line and base point. Base line were taken from obsrvation of longtime Landsat TM image band 5th based o opinion that shore line are clear seems and easy to interpreted at 10.00 am according to Landsat satellite reording time and the lowest tide time as base line. Location of lowest tide were selected at conspicuous place, such as cape, dry shore, etc and measured base on the BPN (Badan Pertahanan Nasional base/ reference point (orde 2 and 3 on the district, with GPS differential metod. Twelve miles distance from base line of ocean bounddary is belong to province and 1/3 of is belong to district. Characteristic of marine landform as cape, bay, estuaria, attended to international rules. Final report of the research were 1 oean boundary map of Center Java Province, 2 the location and base/ reference points (orde 2 and 3 that could be reference as a base point differential method.

  17. Genetic diversity of Trichomonas vaginalis clinical isolates from Henan province in central China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mao, Meng; Liu, Hui Li

    2015-07-01

    Trichomonas vaginalis is a flagellated protozoan parasite that infects the human urogenital tract, causing the most common non-viral, sexually transmitted disease worldwide. In this study, genetic variants of T. vaginalis were identified in Henan Province, China. Fragments of the small subunit of nuclear ribosomal RNA (18S rRNA) were amplified from 32 T. vaginalis isolates obtained from seven regions of Henan Province. Overall, 18 haplotypes were determined from the 18S rRNA sequences. Each sampled population and the total population displayed high haplotype diversity (Hd), accompanied by very low nucleotide diversity (Pi). In these molecular genetic variants, 91.58% genetic variation was derived from intra-regions. Phylogenetic analysis revealed no correlation between phylogeny and geographic distribution. Demographic analysis supported population expansion of T. vaginalis isolates from central China. Our findings showing moderate-to-high genetic variations in the 32 isolates of T. vaginalis provide useful knowledge for monitoring changes in parasite populations for the development of future control strategies.

  18. Hazelnut oil consumption of families in the central town of Ordu province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murat SAYILI

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In this study, a comparative analysis of consumption of edible oil of families in Central Town of OrduProvince. In addition, factor analysis was conducted on factors which affect the consumption of hazelnut oil. The data used in the study in January 2013 was a result of a survey conducted with 272 people. According to the survey, the most consumed oils, butter (71.32% and hazelnut oil (61.76%, which is the amount of total fatconsumption of 6.71 kg/month per family and 1.89 kg/month per person. Families with more than 5 littercontainers prefer buying oil. Hazelnut oil is thought to be healthy and of good quality too much is consumed by local people. As a result of factor analysis, three factors (image and highly attractive, odour and low weight, quality and health affecting hazelnut oil consumption has been collected under the title.

  19. Recognition of a porphyry system using ASTER data in Bideghan - Qom province (central of Iran)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feizi, F.; Mansouri, E.

    2014-07-01

    The Bideghan area is located south of the Qom province (central of Iran). The most impressive geological features in the studied area are the Eocene sequences which are intruded by volcanic rocks with basic compositions. Advanced Space borne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) image processing have been used for hydrothermal alteration mapping and lineaments identification in the investigated area. In this research false color composite, band ratio, Principal Component Analysis (PCA), Least Square Fit (LS-Fit) and Spectral Angel Mapping (SAM) techniques were applied on ASTER data and argillic, phyllic, Iron oxide and propylitic alteration zones were separated. Lineaments were identified by aid of false color composite, high pass filters and hill-shade DEM techniques. The results of this study demonstrate the usefulness of remote sensing method and ASTER multi-spectral data for alteration and lineament mapping. Finally, the results were confirmed by field investigation.

  20. Risk of hypertension in Yozgat Province, Central Anatolia: application of Framingham Hypertension Prediction Risk Score.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilic, M; Ede, H; Kilic, A I

    2016-07-10

    The aim of this cross-sectional study was to estimate the risk of hypertension in 1106 Caucasian individuals aged 20-69 years in Yozgat Province, using the Framingham Hypertension Risk Prediction Score (FHRPS). According to FHRPS, average risk of developing hypertension over 4 years was 6.2%. The participants were classified into low- (10%) risk groups. The percentage of participants that fell into these groups was 59.4%, 19.8% and 20.8% respectively. The proportion of participants in the high-risk group was similar to the 4-year incidence of hypertension (21.3%) in the Turkish population. Regression analysis showed that high salt consumption and low educational level significantly increased the risk of hypertension. Economic level, fat consumption, life satisfaction, physical activity, and fruit and vegetable consumption were not correlated with risk of hypertension. This study shows that FHRPS can also be used for predicting risk of hypertension in Central Anatolia.

  1. Alpha-1-antitrypsin phenotypes in Saudi Arabia: A study in the central province.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warsy, A S; El-Hazmi, M A; Sedrani, S H; Kinhal, M

    1991-03-01

    This study was conducted on 204 plasma samples obtained from Saudis living in the central province of Saudi Arabia, to determine the prevalence of alpha-1-antitrypsin (alpha1AT) phenotypes. The alpha1AT phenotypes were separated by isoelectric focusing on ampholine gels (pH 4-5). The prevalences of PiMM, MS, MZ, SZ, and ZZ were 0.8676, 0.0931, 0.0245, 0.0098, and 0.0049, respectively. The gene frequencies of the alpha1AT variants, i.e.., PiM, PiS, and PiZ, were 0.9265, 0.0515, 0.022, respectively. We describe and compare our results in a Saudi population with those reported for other populations.

  2. Development Plan for Under- forest Economy of Henan Province Based on Central Plains Economic Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiaodong ZHAO; Yimin ZHAO

    2016-01-01

    Firstly,this paper analyzed current situations,major practice and existing problems of under-forest economy in Henan Province.Then,it made an in-depth discussion of guiding thought,principle and objectives,construction task and safeguarding measures of the underforest economic development plan. Besides,it analyzed benefits of the under-forest economic development plan. By 2017,the area of underforest economic land will reach 1. 60 million hm2,create output value of 155. 2 billion yuan( accounting for more than 20% of forest output value),provide 3. 27 million jobs,and will greatly increase ecological carrying capacity of construction and development of the Central Plains Economic Region( CPER).

  3. Recognition of a porphyry system using ASTER data in Bideghan – Qom province (central of Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Feizi

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The Bideghan area is located south of the Qom province (central of Iran. The most impressive geological features in the studied area are the Eocene sequences which are intruded by volcanic rocks with basic compositions. Advanced Space borne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER image processing have been used for hydrothermal alteration mapping and lineaments identification in the investigated area. In this research false color composite, band ratio, Principal Component Analysis (PCA, Least Square Fit (LS-Fit and Spectral Angel Mapping (SAM techniques were applied on ASTER data and argillic, phyllic, Iron oxide and propylitic alteration zones were separated. Lineaments were identified by aid of false color composite, high pass filters and hill-shade DEM techniques. The results of this study demonstrate the usefulness of remote sensing method and ASTER multi-spectral data for alteration and lineament mapping. Finally, the results were confirmed by field investigation.

  4. BURNOUT SYNDROME, JOB SATISFACTION LEVELS AND RELATED FACTORS IN CENTRAL TRABZON PROVINCE PRIMARY HEALTH CENTER WORKERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asuman YAVUZYILMAZ

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available Burnout manifests itself in individuals working in professions involving face-to-face contact with the public in depersonalization towards others, feelings of emotional exhaustion, and reduced feelings of personal achievement and adequacy. The objective in this study was to determine burnout and job satisfaction levels and related factors in primary health center personnel in the central part of the Turkish province of Trabzon. A total of 227 people working in central Trabzon province primary health centers participated in this cross-sectional study, a level of 90.4%. The Maslach Burnout Inventory was used to determine burnout level and the Job Satisfaction Inventory for job satisfaction. Burnout levels in health personnel were high among women (15.06±5.57, married individuals (14.80±5.65 and those dissatisfied with their working conditions (16.80±5.81; physicians (5.00±2.79, those without children (5.19±2.54, those whose spouses were not working (4.69±2.70 and smokers (4.71±3.29 had a high level of depersonalization; and married individuals were determined to have a low personal achievement level (10.24±4.14 (p=0.020, p=0.028, p=0.011, p=0.038, p=0.028, p=0.012 and p=0.010, respectively. In conclusion, gender, marital status, age, satisfaction with working conditions and income level were determined to be related to burnout and job satisfaction. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2007; 6(1.000: 41-50

  5. BURNOUT SYNDROME, JOB SATISFACTION LEVELS AND RELATED FACTORS IN CENTRAL TRABZON PROVINCE PRIMARY HEALTH CENTER WORKERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murat TOPBAS

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available Burnout manifests itself in individuals working in professions involving face-to-face contact with the public in depersonalization towards others, feelings of emotional exhaustion, and reduced feelings of personal achievement and adequacy. The objective in this study was to determine burnout and job satisfaction levels and related factors in primary health center personnel in the central part of the Turkish province of Trabzon. A total of 227 people working in central Trabzon province primary health centers participated in this cross-sectional study, a level of 90.4%. The Maslach Burnout Inventory was used to determine burnout level and the Job Satisfaction Inventory for job satisfaction. Burnout levels in health personnel were high among women (15.06±5.57, married individuals (14.80±5.65 and those dissatisfied with their working conditions (16.80±5.81; physicians (5.00±2.79, those without children (5.19±2.54, those whose spouses were not working (4.69±2.70 and smokers (4.71±3.29 had a high level of depersonalization; and married individuals were determined to have a low personal achievement level (10.24±4.14 (p=0.020, p=0.028, p=0.011, p=0.038, p=0.028, p=0.012 and p=0.010, respectively. In conclusion, gender, marital status, age, satisfaction with working conditions and income level were determined to be related to burnout and job satisfaction. [TAF Prev Med Bull. 2007; 6(1: 41-50

  6. 湖北省2010年免疫规划疫苗接种率调查%Study on the immunization coverage rate of EPI vaccines in Hubei Province in 2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵明江; 蔡碧; 李宁; 范自军; 钱帮军; 尹忠心; 刘毅; 宋焰超

    2011-01-01

    Objective To know the immunization coverage rate of EPI vaocines since 2004 in Hubei and fmd the factors associated with children who were not inoculated. Methods Stratified random sampling was cenducted by selecting 10 counties in the investigation of immunization of children bom from January 1,2004 to December 31,2009. Descriptive epide miology method was conducted to analyse the rate of inoculation and unvaccinated reasons. Results The routine immu nization coverage rate of BCG,OPV,DPT,MV/MR/MMR and HepB was all more than 95% ,and the five vaccince coverage rate was all more than 89. 64% ,and the timely rate of immunization of HepB1 was 91.13%. The immunization coverage rate of JE,MenAl ,MenA2 and HepA,which were included in EPI recently,was 71.82% 、80. 27% 、73. 74% and 57. 42% respectively. The reinforced immunization coverage rate of DPT, OPV, MV/MR/MMR, MenAC1 and JE was 80. 10%、 76. 29% 、82. 35% 、58.48% and 59. 93% respectively. Sickness accounted for 52% factors involved in failure of immtmization BCG. Lack of positivity of immunization of OPV、 DPT、MV、HepB、JE、MenA、MenAC、HepA accounted for 57. 9%、 47.7% 、40. 3% 、45.9% 、38. 8% 、44. 6% 、46. 2% 、39. 0% respectively. Conclusions The rutine immunization rate of the five Immunization program vaccines were still high. The reinforced immunization coverage rates decreased with the increase of age. Lack of pceirivity of immunization of parents for their children led to the lower rate of inoculation of all vaccines.%目的 了解湖北省2004年后免疫规划疫苗接种现状与疫苗未接种影响因素.方法 按照分层随机抽样原则,省级抽取10个县(市、区),调查2004年1月1日至2009年12月31日出生儿童免疫规划疫苗接种率.采用描述流行病学方法,对疫苗接种率及未接种原因进行分析.结果 12月龄内卡介苗、口服脊髓灰质炎减毒活疫苗、白喉-百日咳-破伤风联合疫苗

  7. 湖北省部分地区2011-2012年度麻疹流行期间高发原因调查%Investigation on the risk factors for reported rising of measles incidence during November, 2011 to February, 2012, in some areas of Hubei province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈邦华; 官旭华; 詹发先; 邢学森; 赵明江; 王雷; 张丽杰

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨2011年11月湖北省部分地区麻疹发病率突然升高的原因.方法 选取2011年11月至2012年2月“湖北省麻疹监测信息报告管理系统”中报告麻疹发病率突然升高的W市和H市所有麻疹病例,通过查阅预防接种证了解病例麻疹疫苗接种史,并估算适龄儿童疫苗接种率.运用病例交叉研究,电话调查监护人,了解病例在麻疹发病前7 ~ 21 d(潜伏期内)和发病前37~51 d内就诊情况.结果 调查两市共报告麻疹病例140例,其中<8月龄和8~17月龄婴幼儿发病率较高(分别为69/10万和72/10万),其他年龄组发病率为0~5.8/10万.8~17月龄婴幼儿麻疹疫苗估算接种率<75%,18月龄至3岁组接种率<90%.58%的病例在发病前7~21d内有就医史,而发病前37~51 d内去医疗机构的病例占14%(RR=5.4,95%CI:2.1~14.0).结论 在麻疹疫苗接种率不达标的情况下,儿童的医院暴露可增加麻疹发病风险.%Objective To identify the risk factors for reported sudden rise of measles incidence in November,2011,in some areas of Hubei province.Methods We analyzed all measles patients reported in the measles surveillance system from November 2011 to February 2012 in two prefectures with highest attack rates and their vaccination history by reviewing vaccination records.We interviewed patients' parents by telephone to obtain the history of visiting health care within 7 to 21 days before onset.We also used case-crossover study to estimate the relative risk (RR) of hospital acquired infection and to compare the exposure to health care between 7-21 days before onset to 37-51 days before onset among measles patients.Results Totally 140 patients were reported in the two prefectures.Reported measles incidence rates among the population aged <8 m (69/100 000) and 8 m to 17 m (72/100 000) were higher than other age groups (rang from 0 to 5.8 per 100 000).Among the population aged 8 m to 17 m,estimated vaccination

  8. Physics Laboratory Investigation of Vocational High School Field Stone and Concrete Construction Techniques in the Central Java Province (Indonesia)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Purwandari, Ristiana Dyah

    2015-01-01

    The investigation aims in this study were to uncover the observations of infrastructures and physics laboratory in vocational high school for Stone and Concrete Construction Techniques Expertise Field or Teknik Konstruksi Batu dan Beton (TKBB)'s in Purwokerto Central Java Province, mapping the Vocational High School or Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan…

  9. Wives' Attitudes toward Gender Roles and Their Experience of Intimate Partner Violence by Husbands in Central Province, Sri Lanka

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jayatilleke, Achini; Poudel, Krishna C.; Sakisaka, Kayako; Yasuoka, Junko; Jayatilleke, Achala Upendra; Jimba, Masamine

    2011-01-01

    The authors conducted a community based, cross-sectional study to describe the prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV) by husbands and the association between wives' attitudes toward gender roles and their experience of IPV in Central Province, Sri Lanka. This article included a representative sample of 624 wives between 15 and 49 years of…

  10. The nutritional impact of the Pre-School Health Programme at three clinics in Central Province, Kenya

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoorweg, J.C.; Niemeijer, R.

    1980-01-01

    Abr. sum.: Contains an account of a study of the effects of the Pre-School Health Programme at three clinics in different ecological zones in Central Province, Kenya. Two groups of mothers were selected for interviewing: recent entrants and longtime participants. The study concentrates on the follow

  11. Wives' Attitudes toward Gender Roles and Their Experience of Intimate Partner Violence by Husbands in Central Province, Sri Lanka

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jayatilleke, Achini; Poudel, Krishna C.; Sakisaka, Kayako; Yasuoka, Junko; Jayatilleke, Achala Upendra; Jimba, Masamine

    2011-01-01

    The authors conducted a community based, cross-sectional study to describe the prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV) by husbands and the association between wives' attitudes toward gender roles and their experience of IPV in Central Province, Sri Lanka. This article included a representative sample of 624 wives between 15 and 49 years of…

  12. Callicarpa bachmaensis Soejima & Tagane (Lamiaceae), a new species from Bach Ma National Park in Thua Thien Hue Province, Central Vietnam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soejima, Akiko; Tagane, Shuichiro; Van, Ngoc Nguyen; Duy, Chinh Nguyen; Huong, Nguyen Thi Thanh; Yahara, Tetsukazu

    2016-01-01

    A new species, Callicarpa bachmaensis Soejima & Tagane, sp. nov., is described and illustrated from Bach Ma National Park in Thua Thien Hue Province, Central Vietnam. This species has a characteristic liana habit, white corolla, and narrowly elliptic to narrowly lanceolate, entire, occasionally subequal leaves, by which it is clearly distinguished from the other previously known species of this genus.

  13. STATUS QUO AND VARIATION OF SOIL FERTILITY IN PADDY FIELD —A CASE STUDY OF HUBEI PROVINCE%水田土壤肥力现状及变化规律分析——以湖北省为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王伟妮; 鲁剑巍; 鲁明星; 戴志刚; 李小坤

    2012-01-01

    Through the project of soil testing and fertilizer recommendation in 2005 ~ 2009, a lot of data about soil nutrients in paddy fields were acquired. Based on the data obtained in Hubei 2008 , status quo of the soil fertilities in seven rice producing regions of the province, namely, E'dong, Jianghan Pingyuan, E'dongnan, E'dongbei, E'zhong, E'xibei, and E'xinan were systematic analyzed and compared with the data obtained during the second national soil survey to explore laws and causes of the variation of soil nutrients in paddy field. Results show that presently the paddy soils in Hubei Province were 10 ~40 g kg or 26. 1 g kg on average in organic matter, >90 mg kg~ or 124. 2 mg kg ~ on average in alka-lystic N, 5 ~40 mg kg~ or 13. 1 mg kg on average in available P, and 50 ~ 150 mg kg ~ or 89. 1 mg kg ~ on average in available K, and 5. 0 ~7. 5 in pH or 6. 3 on average. The soil nutrients varied to a varying extent from region to region. In view of the province as a whole, the distribution of organic matter was characterized by being high in the east and south and low in the west and north, that of alkalystic N being high in the west and south and low in the east and north, and that of available K and pH both being high in the west and north and low in the east and south, while that of available P did not show any apparent rule. Compared with the findings of the second soil survey, the contents of organic matter, alkalystic N and available P increased while pH decreased as a result of long-term application of N and P fertilizers at an increasingrate and increased area and rate of straw incorporation. However, inadequate application rate of K fertilizer and the adoption of high K-demanding rice cultivar led to decrease in available K in the soil. Obviously in rice production in Hubei Province, to increase K application rate, to readjust the ratio of N: P: K rationally, and to lime the paddy fields at a proper rate while incorporating rice straw into the soil are

  14. Tertiary volcanism of the Galatia province, north-west Central Anatolia, Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Marjorie; Tankut, Ayla; Guleç, Nilgün

    1997-12-01

    Large volumes of trachyandesitic-dacitic lava flows and pyroclastics of Miocene age are associated with small volumes of alkali basalt lava flows in the Galatia volcanic province, northwest Central Anatolia, Turkey. The volcanism postdates continental collision, occurring in a transtensional tectonic setting associated with movement along the North Anatolian Fault zone. Major and trace element (including REE) and Sr-Nd isotope data and K-Ar ages for representative samples of mafic-intermediate volcanic rocks have been obtained from a series of localities within the province. The K-Ar age data indicate that alkali basalts were erupted during two distinct time periods in the Early Miocene (17-19 Ma) and Late Miocene (< 10 Ma). The two groups of basalts are inferred to have been derived from different mantle sources, based on their Sr-Nd isotope and geochemical characteristics. The Late Miocene basalts were derived from a more depleted mantle source than the Early Miocene basalts, which were generated by partial melting of an incompatible element enriched, subduction-modified, mantle source. The depleted source component is inferred to reside within the asthenosphere and has some affinities with the source of HIMU oceanic island basalts. On the basis of a comprehensive major and trace element and Nd-Sr isotope dataset for the intermediate-acid volcanics and the alkali basalts, it is possible to demonstrate a cogenetic relationship between the alkali basalts and the intermediate volcanics of Early Miocene age, involving fractional crystallisation and assimilation of a heterogeneous upper crustal component.

  15. Disposal of household burned garbage and risk of low birth weight in Central Sulawesi Province, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Puti Sari Hidayangsih

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakLatar belakang: Pembakaran sampah di dalam rumah tanggadapat mempengaruhi berat badan bayi lahir rendah (BBLR. Pada tulisan ini disajikan pembakaran sampah di rumah tangga terhadap risiko BBLR.Metode: Analisis data menggunakan sebagian data studi potong lintang Riskesdas 2013 di Provinsi Sulawesi Tengah. Data yang dianalisis ialah data bayi berusia 0-11 bulan. Berat badan bayi waktu lahir berdasarkan catatan berat bayi saat lahir yang tercatat dalam kuesioner Riskesdas. Bayi dikategorikan BBLR jika berat badan waktu lahir kurang dari 2500 gram. Hasil: Di antara 281 bayi yang mempunyai catatan berat badan lahir terdapat 10,6% (23 bayi yang BBLR. Bayi yang tinggal di rumah tangga dengan perilaku pengelolaan sampah dengan cara dibakar dibandingkan dengan selain dibakar mempunyai risiko 2,3 kali lipat mengalami BBLR (RRa=2,28; 95% CI=1,18-8,61. Kesimpulan: Bayi yang tinggal di rumah tangga dengan sampah dibakar dibandingkan dengan tanpa sampah dibakar mempunyai risiko lebih tinggi BBLR di Provinsi Sulawesi Tengah, Indonesia. (Health Science Indones 2014;2:89-93Kata kunci: berat badan lahir rendah, pembakaran sampahAbstractBackground: The management of household waste by burning can affect the incidence of low birth weight (LBW. This paper aims to identify the burning of garbage at home and risk of low birth weight. Methods: This analysis used a part of Riskesdas 2013 data in the Central Sulawesi Province. Subjects analyzed were infants aged 0-11 months. Baby’s weight was based on the baby’s birth weightwhich was recorded in the questionnaire of Riskesdas. The infants were categorized as LBW, if the recorded birth weight was less than 2500 grams. Results: Out of 392 babies,  281 babies had recorded birth weightswhich could be proved by documentary evidence. The majority of babies were boys (50.9% and lived in rural areas (58.7%. The proportion of babies who had LBW was 10.6% (23 infants. The babies who were living in households with

  16. 基于内外部特征统一的农村网购发展分析倡--以湖北大悟县宣化店镇为例%Analysis of Rural Online Shopping Development Based on Integrative Internal and External Features---Take Xuanhuadian,Dawu,Hubei Province as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张振宇; 张冕; 冷凯君

    2014-01-01

    Online shopping,as a new pattern of consumption ,is booming now and becomes a part of ordinary consumers'life.In China ,the market of online shopping is mainly concentrated on relatively developed cities ,while few on rural area which contains billions of people.Considering the slower growth of netizens as well as online shoppers ,it is very essential to open up the rural online shopping market.The paper,based on the investment of XuanHua ,DaWu,Hubei province,is supposed to find deep reason on the issues of the features of rural market through method of questionnaire survey and interviewing ,thus putting forward reasonable suggestions to open up the rural online shopping market.%网上购物作为一种崭新的消费模式,成为越来越多消费者的日常行为,网上购物正在迅速发展。在中国,网购市场主要集中在经济相对发达的城市,对于拥有几亿人口的农村市场却是鲜有涉及。对于伴随着中国网民增速的放缓、中国网络购物用户增长速度和绝对增长量双双出现回落的今天,开拓农村网购市场是十分必要的。文中正是基于此选取具有较强代表性的湖北省大悟县宣化店镇进行实地调研,通过问卷调查、访谈和深入发掘等方法针对农村市场特征发现实际问题,找出深层原因,提出具有针对性的合理建议,为开拓农村网购市场提出策略及方法。

  17. 试论中国古村的旅游开发和利用--以湖北黄陂大余湾为例%A Discussion on Exploration and Utilization of Tourist Resources in Chinese Ancient Villages-Dayuwan Village in Huangpi District in Hubei Province as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈星辰; 孙君恒

    2015-01-01

    结合分析武汉黄陂大余湾古村旅游开发和利用中存在的具有代表性的问题,对中国古村旅游开发和利用提出的建议和对策主要是:一是加强同居民的沟通,树立居民的自信心和自豪感,提高村民的“觉悟”。二是注意根据古村实际情况选择合适的开发模式,注意维护古村居民的切身利益。三是借鉴上海世博会枫泾古村的开发经验,精心打造一流的旅游品牌。四是创建古村文化数据库,更好地保护和开发我国的古村文化。五是打造一流的管理队伍,加强旅游景区的管理。%Combined with analysis of the typical issues in the exploration and utilization of tourist resources of Dayuwan ancient village in Huangpi District in Hubei Province, the following proposals and countermeasures are brought about, concerning exploration and utilization of Chi-nese ancient villages. First, enhance communications with local people, help them establish confidence and a sense of pride, and raise their awareness;Second, select an appropriate development model in accordance with the actual conditions of the ancient village, and safeguard vital interests of local residences;Third, draw on the exploration experience of Fengjing ancient village displayed in the Shanghai World Expo, and elaborately build a first class brand of tourism; Fourth, set up a cultural database of ancient villages to better protect and explore the culture of ancient villages in our country;Fifth, build a first class management team to improve the management in tourist spots.

  18. 湖北地区正常成年人群桡骨远端定量超声测量的临床应用研究%Quantitative Ultrasound Measurement of Distal Radial Clinical Study of Normal Adults in Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊莉; 汤一铸; 何晓玲; 范家成

    2011-01-01

    Adopting Israel Sunlight Omnissense8000s ultrasound absorptiometry,it tested1186 aged between 20-80 years old normal adults' ultrasound bone density in Hubei Province.According to gender,age group,results showed that male and female distal radius SOS peak(Peak bone mass,PBM) revealed at the age of 40-49,and then declined with the growth of age.Bone mass in men and women of all ages appear to be significantly different in changes,with women significantly higher than men.Male and female osteoporosis(Osteoporosis,OP) incidence rate was positively correlated with age,and those aged more than 50 years' incidence were significantly higher than those less than 50-year-old age group.Mass index(BMI) and menopause and ultrasound bone density has a certain relevance.%采用以色列Sunlight Omnissense8000s超声骨密度仪,对湖北省1186名年龄在20-80岁之间的正常成年人,进行超声骨密度测定。按不同性别、年龄组进行统计学分析。结果显示男、女桡骨远端SOS峰值(Peak bone mass,PBM)出现的年龄段均为40-49岁,此后都随年龄的增长而下降。各年龄段男女骨量变化均有显著性差别,女性显著高于男性。男、女骨质疏松(Osteoporosis,OP)发生率均与年龄增长呈正相关,且50岁以上的发生率显著高于50岁以下年龄组。质量指数(BMI)和绝经年限与超声骨密度值具有一定的相关性。

  19. Genetic characteristics of the VP1 gene of enterovirus 71 strains in the City of Xiangyang, Hubei Province during a HFMD epidemic in 2011%2011年湖北省襄阳市手足口病主要病原EV71型病毒VP1基因特征分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴莹; 李静; 雷亚克; 杨朝晖; 霍细香

    2013-01-01

    Objective The genetic characteristics of the YP1 gene and phylogeny of enterovirus type 71 (EV71) strains were analyzed to investigate the genetic background of EY71 that caused a HFMD epidemic in the City of Xiangyang. Hubei Province. Methods VP 1 of EV71 strains from Xiangyang in 2011 was sequenced and its homology and phylogeny were analyzed. Results The full-length VP 1 region of Xiangyang EV71 strains was 891 bp. Nuclcotide and amino acid identity were 96. 5% -99.1% and 98. 1%-100%. respectively. Phylogenetic analysis based on the complete VP1 sequence also indicated that the Xiangyang EV71 strains belonged to the same subgenotype, C4a. Conclusion The genotype of Xiangyang EV71 strains belonged to the CM a subgenotype. There was no obvious antigenic drift or variation.%目的 调查2011年襄阳市手足口病主要病原EV71的基因型特征,分析和探讨该型病毒的VP1基因变异和分子进化特点. 方法 对2011年襄阳市流行株EV71进行VP1区核苷酸序列测定和同源性比较及遗传进化分析.结果 2011年襄阳市手足口病EV71病毒的VPI区核苷酸序列全长均为891 bp,与对照EV71毒株核苷酸序列同源性为96.5%~99.1%,编码蛋白氨基酸序列同源性为98.1%~100%.VP l区基因遗传进化分析显示,该中EV71病毒属于C4a基因亚型. 结论 2011年襄阳市手足口病疫情主要病原EV71病毒均属于C4a基因亚型,未产生明显的抗原漂移及变异.

  20. Pathogeny of an epidemic of Vibrio cholerae in Jinzhou of Hubei Province in 2012%2012年湖北省荆州地区一起霍乱弧菌疫情分离株的病原学研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张婷; 杨红梅; 陈婷; 李国明

    2015-01-01

    目的 了解2012年湖北省荆州地区一起霍乱弧菌疫情分离株的菌群分型.方法 共获得6株分离株,用传统方法(生化、制动、粘丝、血清学实验)进行鉴定.对确认的霍乱弧菌菌株进行毒力基因(霍乱肠毒素)PCR检验;用限制性内切酶Not Ⅰ、SfiⅠ分别进行酶切和脉冲场凝胶电泳(PFGE),并对电泳酶切指纹图谱进行聚类分析.结果 6株分离株经传统方法鉴定均为霍乱弧菌0139群;全部具有霍乱肠毒素;NotⅠ、SfiⅠ酶切PFGE电泳图谱条带全部一致;聚类分析结果显示,6株分离株的相似系数为100%.结论 湖北省荆州地区发生的霍乱弧菌疫情由霍乱弧菌0139群感染所致,且为相同的病原菌.%Objective To test the pathogeny of Vibrio cholerae strains of the epidemic in Jinzhou of Hubei Province.Methods Traditional methods of biochemistry,immobihzation test,string test and typing of blood serum were used to test the 6 strains isolated.The virulence gene which was cholera enterotoxin (ct) was detected by PCR.The whole genome DNA finger print of confirmed strains was analyzed by pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) after digestion respectively with two enzymes Not Ⅰ and Sfi Ⅰ.The DNA fingerprints were analyzed for clusters.Results The 6 strains of Vibrio cholerae were all O139 by traditional laboratory tests;virulence gene was detected in all 6 strains.The banding pattern was the same in the two maps of PFGE.The results of cluster analysis showed that the similarity coefficient of the six strains was 100%.Conclusion The epidemic of Vibrio cholerae is caused by the same pathogenic bacterium which is O139.

  1. Contribution of tourism to tertiary industry’s output value--taking Hubei Province as an example%旅游产业对第三产业产值的贡献度分析--以湖北省为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周薇薇; 胡晓峰; 曹俊华

    2013-01-01

    In view of the contribution of tourism industry to the tertiary industry , analyses were made of the relationship between total tourism income, the output value of tertiary in-dustry and foreign exchange earnings from tourism based on VAR Model and the data of total tourism income, total foreign exchange earnings from tourism and output value of ter-tiary industry of Hubei Province from 1986 to 2011 . The results show that 1 percent in-crease in the provincial tourism output will lead to 0.18 percent increase in the average output value of tertiary industry. With 1 percentage increase in the total foreign exchange earnings from tourism, the average output value of tertiary industry will increase by 0.25 percent. The study shows that domestic tourism market plays greater effect on the tertiary industry than the international one.%  针对旅游产业的贡献问题,利用湖北省1986—2010年湖北省旅游总收入、第三产业产值以及旅游外汇收入相关数据建立VAR模型分析了湖北省旅游总收入、旅游外汇收入以及第三产业产值的互动关系.研究结果表明:湖北省省内旅游产值每增长1个百分点,则第三产业产值平均会增加0.18个百分点.湖北省国际旅游外汇收入每增加1个百分点,第三产业产值平均将会增加0.25个百分点.国内旅游市场对第三产业产值的影响要比国际旅游市场对第三产业的影响要大.

  2. 新农村建设中农村居民满意度的调查与评价——以湖北省的经验数据为例%A Farmer's Satisfaction Investigation and Assessment of New Countryside Construction——Based on Data of Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡静

    2016-01-01

    本文以湖北省968位农户的调查数据为依据,分析计算了农村居民对新农村建设的满意度以及其影响因素,发现通过近十年的新农村建设,总体满意度达到67.4%. 农村居民们普遍对新农村建设中的基础设施建设表示满意.与以往的调研文献不同的是,此次调查发现:农村居民对新农合、新农保的评价非常高,而对村级民主制度建设以及文化建设普遍感觉不太满意;影响其满意度的因素主要是村基层组织的工作能力以及对新农村建设中政策的认识程度.%Based on the survey data of 968 peasant households in Hubei province, we analyzed and calculated the rural residents' satisfaction of the new rural construction and found that by nearly 10 years of the new rural construction, rural res-idents reached 67.4% of overall satisfaction. The common villagers in the new rural construction were pleased with the con-struction of infrastructure. Unlike the previous research literature, the rural residents' evaluation of New Rural Social Endow-ment Insurance System and New Rural Co-operative Medical System were very high. he rural residents generally don't feel satisfied on demands on the village-level democracy system construction and cultural construction, further analysis found that the factors that affect the villagers satisfaction mainly focus on the work capacity of village grass-roots organizations and the understanding of the policy in the new rural construction.

  3. Protection and Strategies for Geographical Indication Products and Cultural Heritage in the Wuling mountain areas of Hubei Province%湖北武陵山区地理标志产品和文化遗产的保护与对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙志国; 熊晚珍; 王树婷; 黄莉敏; 钟学斌

    2012-01-01

    The protecting status quo for intellectual property right of geographical indication, intangible cultural heritage and tangible cultural heritage of the traditional specialties in the Wuling Mountains minority areas of Hubei Province was briefly introduced at first. Ttien, the deficiencies in protection of cultural heritage in this area were analyzed. In the end, the developmental strategies were proposed as follows: to declare "Bajiao Dongs Enshi Yulu tea culture system" for pilot of globally important agricultural cultural heritage (GIAHS); to strengthen protection system for intellectual property of geographical indication of traditional specialties; to combine the protection of intellectual property of geographical indications with safeguarding cultural heritage of the traditional specialty; to declare the technique of green tea for world intangible cultural heritage list; to strengthen the protection of intangible cultural heritage in traditional techniques and traditional arts from traditional specialty; to develop the culture industry related to traditional specialty; to strengthen the protection of intangible cultural heritage in traditional processing techniques for traditional medicine.%简要介绍了湖北省武陵山民族地区传统特产的地理标志知识产权、非物质文化遗产、物质文化遗产保护现状,分析了该地区文化遗产保护的不足之处,并探讨今后的发展对策,并建议:申报”芭蕉侗族恩施玉露茶叶文化系统”的全球重要农业文化遗产(GIAHS)试点;完善传统特产的地理标志知识产权保护系统;实施传统特产地理标志知识产权与文化遗产的多重保护;领街申报绿茶技艺的世界非物质文化遗产名录;加强传统特产的传统技艺类、传统美术类非物质文化遗产保护;发展与繁荣传统特产相关的文化产业;加强药材传统炮制技艺的非物质文化遗产保护.

  4. 农村老年人照顾与老年友好社区营造--基于湖北B村的分析%Rural Elderly Care and Friendly Community Construction--Based on the Analysis of B Village in Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵万林

    2016-01-01

    The investigation of B village in Hubei province have found some problems as follows: at the regional level, the socialized elderly supports are underdeveloped; at the community level, the infrastructure is insufifcient;at the organizational level, rural community organization in the elderly care exists"illiteracy"phenomenon;at the family level, the function of family caring for the old people have been weaken;and at the individual level, there is a negative self-cognition and heavy manual labor Etc. The reason for the rural elderly care becoming problem is closely related to the urbanization. The community oriented social work practice model should be introduced into the rural elderly care system. Through the integration of social work intervention techniques and comprehensive use of case work, group work and community work and other methods, social work tries to promote the construction of rural old age friendly community from two dimensions of physical environment and human environment.%通过对湖北B村的考察发现:区域层面,社会化养老发展不足;社区层面,基础设施建设不到位;组织层面,农村社区组织在老年人照顾问题上存在“识盲”;家庭层面,家庭对老年人的照顾功能弱化;个人层面,存在着老年人的消极自我认知与身体病态化等问题。农村老年人照顾之所以问题化,与当前的城镇化进程息息相关。对此,可以引入社区为本的社会工作实践模式,通过整合性的社会工作介入手法,综合利用社会工作的个案、小组与社区工作等方法,从物质环境和人文环境两个维度,推动农村老年友好社区建设。

  5. Water Budget Analysis of Red Soils in Central Jiangxi Province,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Jia-Zhou; HE Yuan-Qiu; CHEN Ming-Liang

    2004-01-01

    The daily soil water budgets in the red soil areas of central Jiangxi Province,southern China,were investigated with a large-scale weighing lysimeter and runoff plots. From 1998 to 2000,peanuts (Arachis hypogaea L.) and rape (Brassica napus L.) were planted in the lysimeter and in 1999,peanuts were planted in the runoff plots. The soil water budget components including rainfall,runoff,percolation and evapotranspiration were measured directly or calculated by Richards' equation and water balance equation. The results showed that most rainfall,including rainstorms,occurred from March to July,and induced the greatest soil water percolation during the year. The evapotranspiration was still large from July to September when rainfall was minimal. Thus,the lack of synchronization in soil water inputs and losses was disadvantageous to crops growing in this region. Among the soil water losses,percolation was the largest,followed by evapotranspiration,and then soil runoff. Runoff was very small on farmland with crops. It was significantly different from the uncultivated uplands where large-scale runoff was usually reported. The soil water storage fluctuated sinusoidally,with a large amplitude in the rainy season and a small amplitude in the dry season.

  6. Spatial Distribution of Phlebotomine Sand Fly Species (Diptera: Psychodidae) in Qom Province, Central Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saghafipour, Abedin; Vatandoost, Hassan; Zahraei-Ramazani, Ali Reza; Yaghoobi-Ershadi, Mohammad Reza; Rassi, Yavar; Shirzadi, Mohammad Reza; Akhavan, Amir Ahmad

    2017-01-01

    Zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis (ZCL) is transmitted to humans by phlebotomine sand fly bites. ZCL is a major health problem in Iran, where basic knowledge gaps about sand fly species diversity persist in some ZCL-endemic areas. This paper describes the richness and spatial distribution of sand fly species, collected with sticky traps, in Qom province, a ZCL-endemic area in central Iran, where sand fly fauna has been poorly studied. Collected species were mapped on urban and rural digital maps based on a scale of 1/50,000. All analyses were undertaken with rural- and urban-level precision, i.e., rural and urban levels were our basic units of analysis. After identifying the sand flies, high-risk foci were determined. For spatial analysis of vector species population, the entomological sampling sites were geo-referenced using GPS. Arc GIS 9.3 software was used to determine the foci with leishmaniasis vector species. Following the analyses, two genera (Phlebotomus and Sergentomyia) and 14 species were identified. Based on the mapping and sand fly dispersion analysis, the rural districts were categorized into three groups-infection reported, without infection, and no report. Based on Geographical Information System analyses, Kahak and Markazi districts were identified as high-risk foci with leishmaniasis vector species. These findings can act as a help guide to direct active control measures to the identified high-risk foci and, eventually, lead to reduction in incidence of the disease.

  7. Prevalence of intestinal protozoan infections among schoolchi ldren in Bang Khla District, Chachoengsao Province, Central Thailand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pisit Suntaravitun

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To determine the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections among primary schoolchildren in rural areas from Bang Khla District, Chachoengsao Province, Central Thailand. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out between January and March 2017 among 203 schoolchildren in four rural schools using purposive sampling. All stool samples were examined using simple direct smear method and formalin ethyl acetate concentration technique. Results: The overall prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections was 14.8% (30/203. Seven intestinal parasite species (two helminths and five protozoa were identified in the stool samples. The most common intestinal protozoa in schoolchildren was Giardia intestinalis (n = 11, 5.4% followed by Blastocystis hominis (n = 9, 4.4%, Entamoeba histolytica/Entamoeba dispar (n = 5, 2.5%, Entamoeba coli (n = 2, 1.0% and Endolimax nana (n = 1, 0.5%. Hookworm (n = 1, 0.5% and Strongyloides stercoralis (n = 1, 0.5% were the most frequent helminths. No significant statistical differences in the prevalence rates of infections were observed by gender, age and school location (P > 0.05. Conclusions: Intestinal parasitic infection is a significant public health problem among schoolchildren in rural areas of Thailand. Therefore, health education and environmental sanitation improvement are recommended as preventive control measures.

  8. Supracrustal suite of the Precambrian crystalline crust in the Ghor Province of Central Afghanistan

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    Gediminas Motuza

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The Proterozoic pre-Ediacaran metamorphic basement of the southern Tajik (North Afghanistan continental block and the adjacent Band-e-Bayan zone is exposed in the Ghor Province of Central Afghanistan. It is predominantly composed of the EW-striking supracrustal succession consisting of interbedded felsic schists and gneisses (metapsammites, amphibolites (metabasalts, calcite and dolomite marbles. The metamorphic facies changes from greenschist in the Band-e-Bayan zone to amphibolite facies in the Tajik block. The supracrustal rocks of the Band-e-Bayan zone and Tajik block possess common features suggesting that the former represents a tectonized part of the latter. The geochemical characteristics of metapsammites indicate derivation of the clastic material from a continental arc and, partly from a passive continental margin, whereas the composition of metabasalts suggests their possible formation in a continental rift basin. The tectonic setting of supracrustal unit could be interpreted as a back-arc type basin. We presume that the Tajik microcontinent split off the Gondwana supercontinent along an ancient rift zone during the late Paleozoic.

  9. Heavy metal contamination and source in arid agricultural soil in central Gansu Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Yu; GOU Xin; WANG Gang; ZHANG Qiang; SU Qiong; XIAO Guoju

    2008-01-01

    Concentrations of copper (Cu), lead (Pb), chromium (Cr), mercury (Hg), and arsenic (As) were measured in arid agricultural and irrigated agricultural soils collected in Daba Village, Shajiawuan Village, Gangou Village and Sifangwu Village, located in central Gansu Province, China. Concentrations except Hg and Pb were lower than the background values in grey calcareous soil in the selected arid agricultural soils. Pb concentration exceeded the threshold of arid agricultural soils in China by 72. 46%. These results showed that there was indeed serious pollution with Pb, a slight pollution problem for other selected metals in the irrigated agricultural soils in Daba Village. Principal component analysis (PCA) was used to assess the soil data, applying varimax rotation with Kaiser Normalization. The result showed that the irrigated factor, agricultural factor and anthropogenic factor all contributed to the relations between selected chemical properties. The main factor of accumulation of Cu, Pb, Cr, Hg and As was lithological factor in arid agricultural areas. There is a striking dissimilarity of origin of Cu, Pb, Cr, Hg and As in agricultural soil between the irrigate agriculture and arid agriculture.

  10. Helminth Infections of Stray Dogs from Garmsar, Semnan Province, Central Iran

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    A Eslami

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: The aim was to study the gastro-intestinal helminths of stray dogs of Garmsar, Sem­nan Province, Central Iran, and its impacts on human health and animal production.Methods: During 2006, the alimentary tracts of 50 stray dogs at necropsy, selected from villages around Garmsar, were removed, and examined for helminth infections. Subsequently helminths were collected from the contents of each part and scraped sample of small intestines of washed materials in a 100-mesh sieve. To identify the species of helminths, the nematodes were cleared in lactophenol and cestodes were stained using carmine acid.Results: Mixed infection was the rule and 40 dogs (80% harbored more than one species of helminth. Taenia hydatigena was the most prevalent species (80% followed by Echinococcus granulosus (64%, Toxocara canis (22%, Mesocestoides lineatus (12%, Taenia multiceps (10% and Dipylidium caninum (4%. The mean intensity of worm infection was low (1-3 ex­cept for that of E. granulosus (645. No significant difference was noticed between sex, age and most helminth infections except for that of sex and T. hydatigena (P=0.001 as well as age and T. canis (P=0.001.Conclusion: Although human infection with T. hydatigena is unlikely, but other helminths re­ported in this study are of zoonotic importance, and may pose a threat to community health, and reduce the productions of ruminants harboring taeniid metacestodes.

  11. Effect of traditional gold mining to surface water quality in Murung Raya District, Central Kalimantan Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W.Wilopo

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available There are many locations for traditional gold mining in Indonesia. One of these is in Murung Raya District, Central Kalimantan Province. Mining activities involving the application of traditional gold processing technology have a high potential to pollute the environment, especially surface water. Therefore, this study aims to determine the impact of gold mining and processing on surface water quality around the mine site. Based on the results of field surveys and laboratory analysis, our data shows that the concentration of mercury (Hg and Cyanide (CN has reached 0.3 mg/L and 1.9 mg/L, respectively, in surface water. These values exceed the drinking water quality standards of Indonesia and WHO. Many people who live in the mining area use surface water for daily purposes including drinking, cooking, bathing and washing. This scenario is very dangerous because the effect of surface water contamination on human health cannot be immediately recognized or diagnosed. In our opinion the dissemination of knowledge regarding the treatment of gold mining wastewater is urgently required so that the quality of wastewater can be improved before it is discharged into the environment.

  12. Effect of traditional gold mining to surface water quality in Murung Raya District, Central Kalimantan Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W.Wilopo

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available There are many locations for traditional gold mining in Indonesia. One of these is in Murung Raya District, Central Kalimantan Province. Mining activities involving the application of traditional gold processing technology have a high potential to pollute the environment, especially surface water. Therefore, this study aims to determine the impact of gold mining and processing on surface water quality around the mine site. Based on the results of field surveys and laboratory analysis, our data shows that the concentration of mercury (Hg and Cyanide (CN has reached 0.3 mg/L and 1.9 mg/L, respectively, in surface water. These values exceed the drinking water quality standards of Indonesia and WHO. Many people who live in the mining area use surface water for daily purposes including drinking, cooking, bathing and washing. This scenario is very dangerous because the effect of surface water contamination on human health cannot be immediately recognized or diagnosed. In our opinion the dissemination of knowledge regarding the treatment of gold mining wastewater is urgently required so that the quality of wastewater can be improved before it is discharged into the environment

  13. Petrology of the most recent ultrapotassic magmas from the Roman Province (Central Italy)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaeta, M.; Freda, C.; Marra, F.; Di Rocco, T.; Gozzi, F.; Arienzo, I.; Giaccio, B.; Scarlato, P.

    2011-11-01

    We report on the newly discovered lava flow that erupted in the Colli Albani Volcanic District, which is the most recent and, geochemically the most peculiar effusive event recognised in the entire ultrapotassic Roman Province (Central Italy). This lava flow is associated with the Monte Due Torri scoria cone, located approximately 5 km south of the Albano hydromagmatic centre (69-36 ka). The Monte Due Torri scoria cone displays well-preserved morphological characteristics and the 40 ± 7 ka age determined for the associated lava flow indicates that its activity was nearly contemporaneous to the most recent, explosive activity that occurred at the Albano centre from 41 to 36 ka. By comparing chemical and petrological features of the Monte Due Torri lava flow, Albano products, and older products (> 69 ka), we show that the youngest Colli Albani eruptions were fed by two new batches of parental magmas that originated in a phlogopite-bearing metasomatised mantle, each one feeding one of the two youngest eruptive cycles (at 69 ka and 41-36 ka). The trace element signature, e.g., very low Pb content, of primitive (MgO > 3 wt.%) magmas feeding the initiation of the hydromagmatic activity at Albano (69 ka) and the subsequent effusive activity at Monte Due Torri (40 ka) indicates that a magma chamber located in the deep anhydrite-bearing dolomite formation was tapped. However, the polygenic activity, the changes in magma composition, and the variable thermometamorphic clasts occurring in the hydromagmatic deposits (recording variable substrata) suggest, particularly for the Albano eruptive centre, a more complex plumbing system consisting of at least two more magma chambers at a shallower depth, i.e., in the Mesozoic limestone and Pliocene pelite formations. The large amount of stratigraphic, volcanological, and geochemical data collected for the Colli Albani Volcanic District, one of the main districts in the ultrapotassic Roman Province, enable us to contribute insights

  14. Environmental implication of subaqueous lava flows from a continental Large Igneous Province: Examples from the Moroccan Central Atlantic Magmatic Province (CAMP)

    Science.gov (United States)

    El Ghilani, S.; Youbi, N.; Madeira, J.; Chellai, E. H.; López-Galindo, A.; Martins, L.; Mata, J.

    2017-03-01

    The Late Triassic-Early Jurassic volcanic sequence of the Central Atlantic Magmatic Province (CAMP) of Morocco is classically subdivided into four stratigraphic units: the Lower, Middle, Upper and Recurrent Formations separated by intercalated sediments deposited during short hiatuses in volcanic activity. Although corresponding to a Large Igneous Province formed in continental environment, it contains subaqueous lava flows, including dominant pillowed flows but also occasional sheet flows. We present a study of the morphology, structure and morphometry of subaqueous lava flows from three sections located at the Marrakech High-Atlas (regions of Aït-Ourir, Jbel Imzar and Oued Lhar-Herissane), as well as an analysis of the sediments, in order to characterize them and to understand their environmental meaning. The analysis of clays by the diffraction method X-ray revealed the presence of illite, mica, phengite, céladonite, talc and small amounts of quartz, hematite, calcite and feldspar, as well as two pairs of interbedded irregular (chlorite Smectite/chlorite-Mica). Fibrous minerals such as sepiolite and palygorskite were not detected. The peperite of Herissane region (Central High Atlas) provided an excellent overview on the factors favoring the magma-sediment interaction. These are the products of a mixture of unconsolidated or poorly consolidated sediments, low permeability with a low viscosity magma. The attempt of dating palynology proved unfortunately without results.

  15. Mastery Status of and Training Demands for General Practice Knowledge and Skills of General Practitioners in Hubei Province%湖北省全科医生对全科医学知识技能的掌握情况及培训需求分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈淑玲; 胡义瑛; 王波; 张光鹏; 张云

    2015-01-01

    目的:了解湖北省全科医生对全科医学知识技能的掌握情况及培训需求,为该省制定合理有效的全科医生培训项目提供依据。方法采用分层随机抽样方法选取湖北省不同层级的全科医生90名为调查对象。采用德尔菲专家咨询法设计《全科医生培训需求调查表》,进行问卷调查。问卷主要内容包括:全科医生的基本信息、全科医学相关的理论与技能掌握情况、培训需求情况。共发放问卷90份,回收86份,合格84份,有效回收率为93.3%。结果84名全科医生中,男54人(占64.3%),大专及以上学历77人(占91.7%),中初级职称78人(占92.9%)。基本理论及技能掌握率较高的是院前急救基本知识、心肺复苏技术、病史采集和病例书写技能,分别为45.2%(38/84)、52.4%(44/84)、57.1%(48/84)。未掌握率较高的是以个人为中心的整体服务方法、儿童听力视力异常的筛查技术、社区精神疾病患者的管理,分别为16.7%(14/84)、44.0%(37/84)、27.4%(23/84)。培训需求率高的是常见急症的处理原则、急性心脑血管病知识、休克,分别为63.1%(53/84)、61.9%(52/84)、58.3%(49/84)。结论全科医生对突发性疾病和常见性疾病的掌握情况较好,培训需求也较高,而预防、保健、康复和健康管理等全科服务掌握率较低。应培养全科医生的全科医学意识,制定有针对性的培训内容与规划,培养满足基层医疗服务的全科医生队伍。%Objective To investigate the mastery status of and training demands for general practice knowledge of GPs in Hubei Province and to provide references for the establishment of a rational and effective GP training program. Methods A total of 90 GPs were selected from medical settings of different levels in Hubei Province using stratified random sampling method. The " GP Training Demand Questionnaire

  16. Surveillance on sero-epidemiology of hepatitis B in healthy population in some districts of Hubei Province(2010)%湖北省部分地区2010年人群乙肝血清学监测结果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨北方; 张迟; 占建波; 叶建君; 占发先; 郑莉; 蔡碧; 李琼; 罗玉娥

    2012-01-01

    Objective To understand the aero-epidemiology of hepatitis B among healthy population in some districts of Hubei province,and provide evidence for establishing the immunization strategy. Methods Cluster random sampling method was conducted,HBsAg and anti-HBs level were detected in healthy population from three counties belonging to two cities. Results Atotal of 700 healthy people were monitored,the total positive rate of HBsAg was 2.1% , and the positive rate of HBsAg for the two cities were 1.7% and 2.6% .respectively,the difference was not- significant (x2 =2.409,P = 0.270). The positive rate of HBsAg of 0 -4,15 ~ age group were 0.67% ,and 5% respectively,while 15 ~ 19 age group being the highest( 7.0% ). There was significant difference among different age groups (x2 = 18. 530, P = 0.005 ). There was no significant difference between the people living in urban and rural area (x2 =0. 613, P =0.434). The total positive rate of anti-HBs was 56. 3% ,and the positive rate of anti-HBs for the two cities swere 51.4% and 61. 1% .respectively,the difference was significant (x2 = 8. 989 ,P =0.011). The positive rate of anti-HBs were significantly different among the age groups (x2 =35. 661 ,P = 0.000) ,the 0 ~1,0 ~4,5 ~ 14 and 15 ~ age groups were 77% , 63.67% , 42.5% and 59% .respectively. There was no significant difference between the people lived in countryside and urban area (x2 = 2. 322, P = 0.128). Conclusions The positive rate of HBsAg among the young was low, especially those ≤5 year old children (1 % ). But the level of anti-HBs among healthy people was not high enough in some districts of Hubei province, especially among the 5-14 age group. Therefore,routine immunization should be reinforced,and Hepatitis B revaccination should be implemented for some parts of the people. This is to enhance the immunity level against hepatitis B among healthy population, and for the further control of hepatitis B.%目的 了解湖北省部分地区人群中的乙肝血清流

  17. 氮肥施用措施对湖北中稻产量、品质和氮肥利用率的影响%Effects of Fertilization Measures of Nitrogen(N)on Grain Yield,Grain Quality and N-Use Efficiency of Midseason Rice in Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩宝吉; 曾祥明; 卓光毅; 徐芳森; 姚忠清; 肖习明; 石磊

    2011-01-01

    [目的]以湖北省大面积推广的4个中稻品种(路优8号、国豪杂优1号、丰优22和巨风优72)为试验材料,研究氮肥不同施用对湖北省中稻产量、品质和氮肥利用率的影响.[方法]田间试验设计了5个处理,,分别为不施氮处理(CK)、农民习惯施肥法(FFP)、FFP优化、增氮处理(SHY)和SHY优化,4次重复于2008和2009年分别在湖北赤壁和荆门进行.[结果]湖北赤壁CK处理两年试验的水稻产量均低于湖北荆门,表明荆门的基础地力好于赤壁.两年试验中,与农民习惯施肥法(FFP)相比,赤壁FFP优化、增氮处理(SHY)和SHY优化3个处理都有增产作用,其中2008年增产率分别为10.0%、2.3%和23.2%,2009年增产率分别为16.6%、11.8%和22.6%;荆门FFP优化、SHY、SHY优化3个处理,在2008年略有减产,在2009年增产作用也不显著,仅为2.0%、6.7%和1.7%.与农民习惯施肥法(FFP)相比,赤壁FFP优化和SHY优化,氮肥农学利用率和偏生产力都有显著提高;荆门FFP优化和SHY优化氮肥偏生产力显著提高,而氮肥农学利用率仅略有提高;两年两地SHY处理的氮素利用率各个指标的值均较小.[结论]两个优化处理(FFP优化和SHY优化)的产量和氮肥利用率都达到较高水平,即在当前农民习惯施肥条件下,将氮肥减少20%左右,不仅不会减产反而还会增产增效;在高氮的投入下,高产田水稻增产不明显甚至减产.此外,氮肥优化施用还可以改善稻米的营养品质.%[Objective] Four popular midseason varieties of rice (Luoyou8, Guohaozayoul, Fengyou22 and Jufengyou72)were used to study the effects of application technology of nitrogen (N) on grain yield, grain quality and N-use efficiency in Hubei province. [ Method] Field trials with five N treatments (CK, FFP, modified FFP, SHY and modified SHY) and four replications were conducted synchronously at both Chibi County and Jingmen County, Hubei province in 2008 and 2009, respectively. [Result] The

  18. 湖北地区119例 HCV 1b 型 NS3丝氨酸蛋白酶区的序列变异研究%Sequence Diversity of Hepatitis C Virus 1b NS3 Serine Protease Do-main in 119 Patients in Hubei Province of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏幼辰; 杨东亮; 潘雯; 柯晓煜; 王华; 卢银平; 郑昕; 揭盛华; 何生松; 吴郡

    2015-01-01

    . Results Sequences in pa-tients from Hubei province of China shared a higher homology with HCV 1b standard strain and Asi-an sequences than the European and American sequences. The nucleotide and amino acid homology to 1b standard strain and Asian sequences ranged from 85. 94% to 87. 68% and 96. 83% to 92. 39% , respectively, and the nucleotide and amino acid homology to European and American se-quences was 85. 57% , and 92. 17% to 93. 38% , respectively. Phylogenetic analysis showed that the sequence from Hubei Province has a closer genetic distance to other published Chinese se-quences than sequences from Japan, Southeast Asia, Europe and America. There were 34 amino acid sites that had mutations within the 185 amino acids of serine protease region, but its important functional sites including the binding site for substrate of the catalytic enzyme and the Zn2 ﹢ binding sites were highly conserved in all sequences. Conclusion The analysis of the sequence diversity of HCV 1b NS3 serine protease domain and the biological significance enriches the understanding of variation and mutation of HCV 1b genome, and offers important molecular biology information for the study of HCV evolution in China.

  19. 近自然绿道建设在我国公路环境保护中的应用——以湖北神宜公路为例%APPLICATION OF NEAR-NATURAL GREEN WAY IN ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION DURING THE CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS——TAKING SHENYI ROAD OF HUBEI PROVINCE FOR EXAMPLE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    弓成; 李春义; 赵廷宁; 曹世雄

    2013-01-01

    Roads are a part of most landscapes,and high road densities create large ecological impacts by altering landscape patterns,interrupting ecological flows,inducing soil erosion,damaging inhabit of environment,and speeding up bio-invading.To advance the scientific and technological ability in highway construction and explore a new highway traffic approach of resource saving and environmentally friendly,we undertook a study to explore the potential for protecting ecosystems during the construction of roads in Shennongjia region of Hubei Province from 2008 to 2009 supportted by Ministry of Communications,Traffic Office and Highway Bureau of Hubei Province,and proposed a near-natural greenway concept and scientific and technological harmonious system of highway.As in the use of ecological corridors,the new strategy emphasizes the need to decrease the impact of road construction on plant and animal habitats by protecting existing natural habitats and using local species for revegetation of the land surrounding the roads.It also emphasizes the need to improve traffic safety,promote local tourism and economic growth,and provides a demonstration to citizens (including bureaucrats) of the need for environmental protection both during and after road construction.After 6 years of monitoring,the result indicates it is possible to implement a winwin approach which combines environmental and economic perspectives by protecting the environmental,ecological,educational,cultural,and esthetic aspects of the reserves.The new road system is extended in forestry land,fascinating party,and natural landscape with the clear rivulet aside.Sustainable development,based on economic growth and sound environment,is increasingly essential.To satisfy both.socioeconomic and ecological needs,governments face a difficult balancing act.The new approach is a particularly promising way to achieve this balance,because,as we have shown,it greatly increases environmental protection around the road and

  20. A Survey of Senior - citizens - to - beˊs Tendencies to Ways of Caring for the Aged and Their Needs on Nursing in the Western Areas of Hubei province%湖北西部地区准老年人养老意愿及老年护理需求的调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗金凤; 齐玉梅; 王承明

    2014-01-01

    目的:了解湖北西部地区准老年人的养老意愿与老年护理需求,为未来实现健康老龄化及培养专业老年护理人才提供参考。方法于2013年1-3月,采用方便抽样法抽取湖北西部荆门、宜昌、恩施、十堰地区,然后以城乡、性别为特征,采用分层抽样方法抽取40周岁及以上至未满60周岁年龄段的准老年人进行问卷式调查。自行设计问卷,问卷内容主要包括一般资料、养老意愿及护理需求三部分。发放问卷800份,回收800份,有效问卷771份,有效回收率为96.4%。结果771人中,有617人(占80.0%)打算家庭养老;如经济条件允许,希望年老后由专业护理人员照顾的仅有131人(占17.0%);有443人(57.5%)认为专业老年护理人员的职业道德需要加强;有368人(占47.7%)认为职业道德是其最重要的素质;有540人(占70.0%)认为老年护理人员需要学历教育。结论湖北西部地区准老年人的传统养老思想根深蒂固,对老年护理工作缺乏正确认知。应建立健全并推广社区-居家养老模式,加大养老知识政策宣传力度;提高老年护理人员的地位待遇,培养高素质老年护理专业人才。%Objective To have a better understanding of the tendencies to ways of caring for the aged and needs for nursing of those senior - citizens - to - be(aging from 40 to 60)so as to provide references for realizing healthy and successful ag-ing and nurturing professional nursing staff for the elderly. Methods A convenient sampling method was used first and then ac-cording to the characters of urban or rural areas,and gender,a stratified sampling method was used to eXtract middle - aged peo-ple aging from 40 to 60 in western areas of Hubei Province including Jingmen,Yichang,Enshi and Shiyan who were investigated by filling out self - made questionnaires including general information,preference for social care and nursing needs

  1. Sampling investigation into the problems related to mental health in 1 498 adolescents in some cities and rural areas in Hubei province%湖北省部分城市及农村青少年1 498名心理相关问题抽样调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余毅震; 史俊霞; 黄艳; 吴汉荣

    2005-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The incidence of mental problems in adolescents is increasingly higher and has gradually become an important factor affecting their health and growth.OBJECTIVE: To probe into the mental health status and its influencing factors in adolescents in some cities and rural areas in Hubei Province.DESIGN: Clustering stratified random sampling, cross-sectional survey.SETTING: Department of Maternal, Child and Adolescent Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology.PARTICIPANTS: According to the selected investigation spots of National Surveillance of Constitution and Health of Students, we selected representative urban areas (Wuhan City and Huangshi City) and rural areas (Yun County, Xiantao City, and Xiaogan City) in Hubei Province as sample spots. Totally 1 498 adolescents, aged 16-18 years, were surveyed by clustering stratified random sampling. There were 605 adolescents in urban group and 893 in rural group.METHODS: The self-made survey scale was used to investigate general conditions, such as age, parents' occupation and educational level, family type, social atmosphere, school type and atmosphere, and interpersonal relationship. Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90) was used to determine the adolescents' mentalhealth status; 9 subscales (somatization, obsessivecompulsive, interpersonal sensitivity, depression, anxiety, hostility, phobic anxiety, paranoid ideation, and psychosis) were set as the observation indexes. SCL-90 is an inventory which is rated on a 5-point scale. Factor score of SCL-90 ≥ 3 or total score ≥ 160 was considered mental disorders. The family educational pattern was investigated through Egma Minnen av Bardndosnaupporstran(EMBU) by questionnaires. It contained positive rearing pattern and negative rearing pattern. Positive rearing pattern (namely, affectional warmth and understanding) contributes to mental health, while negative rearing pattern (e.g. punishment, firm control, excessive interference

  2. Inner Mechanism of Small Credit and Countermeasures: Examples from Hubei Province%小微信贷的内在机制与对策因应:鄂省例证

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄孝武; 王红贵

    2012-01-01

    Because of absence of the plan of financial services and more sources of credit capital ,the credit constraints of small and micro business mainly includes, the total credit amount and structure, credit management technology, credit talent, risk pricing of credit and the system of risk mitigation, which should be the key focused points. To improve credit constraints of small and micro businesses, some measures are put forward: financial regulation department should rapidly formulates development plan of small and micro financial services, establishes special statistical system and implements different regulation policies; the commercial banks should strengthen cultivating and reserving credit talents, focus on promoting risk preventing technology of small and mini credit; the local government should accelerate to establish the system of credit rating, centralize limited resources to set up re-guarantee corporation and other guarantee companies , implementing the polices of compensating and reducing taxi and fees to small and micro businesses.%受小微金融服务缺乏规划、小微信贷资金来源渠道受限等因素影响,现阶段小微信贷约束急需重点关注信贷总量与结构、信贷管理技术、信贷人才队伍、信贷风险定价基础以及风险缓释体系等约束。进一步改善小微信贷约束,金融监管部门应加快制定小微金融发展规划、建立专项统计制度、实施差异化监管政策;银行机构应加大力度储备与培养小微信贷人才、着力提升小微信贷管理技术;地方政府应加快信用评级体系建设、集中有限财政资源成立再担保公司和专业担保公司、落实对小微企业的税费补偿政策。

  3. Fossil Association from the Lower Cambrian Yanjiahe Formation in the Yangtze Gorges Area, Hubei, South China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GUO Junfeng; Tsuyoshi KOMIYA; LI Yong; HAN Jian; ZHANG Xingliang; ZHANG Zhifei; OU Qiang; LIU Jianni; SHU Degan; Shigenori MARUYAMA

    2008-01-01

    Apart from previously reported Small Shelly Fossils (SSFs), a macroscopic fossil assemblage, comprising abundant algae, cone-shaped tubular fossil forms, and probable impressions of a megascopic metazoan, comes from the Lower Cambrian Yanjiahe Formation in the Yangtze Gorges area of western Hubei Province, south China. The visible fossils are preserved in thin-laminated siltstone or muddy siltstone intercalated between 8-15 mm-thick carbonate deposits, probably representing sedimentary settings of a constrained local depression in the shallow water carbonate platform during the Early Cambrian Meishucunian Stage. The macroscopic fossil association provides significant fossil evidence about the evolution of life from the late Precambrian to the 'Cambrian explosion' interval.

  4. Integrated Evaluation on Highway Engineering Geological Hazard in Mountainous Area of Enshi, Hubei

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAN Bin

    2006-01-01

    Aiming at the geological features of highway engineering in mountainous area of Enshi, Hubei Province, the principles to set up an integrated evaluation system for highway engineering geological hazard are formulated. Then, the integrated evaluation system for highway engineering geological hazard in mountainous area of Enshi is established. In the evaluation system, the first-level evaluation indices are geological development degree, geological conditions, and damaging power, whereas the second-level indices including key factors affecting main kinds of geological hazard. Meanwhile, the borders of indices are determined. At last, the method of Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation (FCE) is adopted to quantitatively evaluate the highway engineering geological hazard in mountainous area of Enshi.

  5. Low Prevalence of Brucella Agglutinins in Blood Donors in Central Province of Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masoomeh Sofian

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Brucellosis is a zoonotic disease of worldwide distribution and has great economic importance. Despite its control in many countries, it remains endemic in Iran. Brucellosis was investigated in many high risk occupational groups; however, few studies on the prevalence of brucellosis among blood donors are available. To determine the seroprevalence of brucellosis antibodies in blood donors, a serological study was carried out in central province of Iran.Materials and Methods: A total of 897 healthy blood donors with mean age 37.23 ± 10.9 years were enrolled in the study. Laboratory tests including Standard Tube Agglutination Test (STA and 2-mercaptoethanol (2ME agglutination were checked in all samples. STA dilution ≥ 1:80, and in the presence of 2-mercaptoethanol (2ME agglutination ≥ 20 was considered positive.Results: Out of 897 cases, 11.9% were inhabitants of rural areas. 41.5% had history of consumption of unpasteurized dairy products and 9.3% had history of contact with domestic animals. A very low level of Brucella agglutinins was present in 3(0.33% of the samples and only one sample (0.11% was found to be truly positive for Brucella agglutinins. 2ME was negative in all samples. None of these 4 subjects showed signs and symptoms of brucellosis in 6 months follow-up.Conclusion: On the basis of our data, brucellosis has no epidemiological and clinical importance in our blood donors; therefore, it is not recommended to perform screening tests such as, STA and 2ME to identify brucellosis antibodies in the sera of blood donors.

  6. SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF BRACKISHWATER POND SOIL CHARACTERISTICS IN PEKALONGAN CITY CENTRAL JAVA PROVINCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andi Indrajaya Asaad

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Spatial distribution of brackishwater pond soil has a vital role in the system of bioenvironment including brackishwater pond environment. This research was aimed to determine the spatial distribution of brackishwater pond soil characteristics in Pekalongan City, Central Java Province. A total of 59 sampling points each with two different soil depth samplings were determined by simple random method. A total of 21 soil characteristics were measured in the field and analyzed further in the laboratory. Geostatistic with Kriging Interpolation method in the ArcGIS 9.3 software were used to depict the distribution of the data across the landscape. Furthermore, the spatial distribution was presented by using ALOS AVNIR-2 image. Research result indicates that in general, pond soil in Pekalongan City can be classified as soil with high variability or relatively heterogenic with the value of variation coefficient more than 36%. Soil characteristics which have similar pattern of spatial distribution are acid sulfate soil and soil nutrient content. High value of pH, organic matter, and total-N of soil, and on the other hand, low value of PO4 were generally found in the pond area of Krapyak Lor Village, while in Pekalongan City, it was found high clayish soil content but relatively homogenous. It is recommended that pond management must be based on soil characteristics which are different from one area to another. The soil characteristics itself can be drawn and assessed through spatial distribution.

  7. Community response to construction noise in three central cities of Zhejiang province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Yong; Xia, Bo; Cui, Caiyun; Skitmore, Martin

    2017-11-01

    As a common source of environmental noise in China and many developing countries worldwide, construction work provokes many complaints and deterioration in acoustic climate quality. This paper describes research to obtain an improved understanding of people's community response to, and evaluation of, construction noise in three central cities of Zhejiang province, China. This involved carrying out a social survey using standard questionnaires developed by the International Commission on Biological Effects of Noise (ICBEN). A dose-response relationship model is established using a quadratic polynomial regression analysis based on construction noise exposure measurements from 40 construction sites in Hangzhou, Ningbo and Wenzhou. The results of the study indicate that the majority of people have a negative attitude to construction noise; the noise ranges between 60 dB and 80 dB (compared with 50 dB-70 dB traffic noise in Tianjin), with the percentage of highly annoyed people affected increasing from 15%-20% to 30%-40% over the range. There also different levels of annoyance depending on the time of day, and the location and activities of those affected. Other cultural differences are also apparent both between Ningbo/Wenzhou and the more urbane citizens of Hangzhou, and the Chinese people and their more noise-tolerant EU and Vietnam counterparts. The findings of this study provide a new perspective for the study of construction noise that can help local governments have an improved understanding of how residents react to construction noise for the purpose of selecting construction noise-mitigation projects and introducing construction noise-control regulations. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. Barriers to utilization of postnatal care at village level in Klaten district, central Java Province, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Probandari, Ari; Arcita, Akhda; Kothijah, Kothijah; Pamungkasari, Eti Poncorini

    2017-08-07

    Maternal health remains a persisting public health challenge in Indonesia. Postnatal complications, in particular, are considered as maternal health problems priority that should be addressed. Conducting adequate care for postnatal complications will improve the quality of life of mothers and babies. With the universal health coverage implementation, the Indonesian government provides free maternal and child health services close to clients at the village level, which include postnatal care. Our study aimed to explore barriers to utilization of postnatal care at the village level in Klaten district, Central Java Province, Indonesia. A qualitative study was conducted in March 2015 - June 2016 in Klaten district, Central Java, Indonesia. We selected a total of 19 study participants, including eight mothers with postnatal complications, six family members, and five village midwives for in-depth interviews. We conducted a content analysis technique on verbatim transcripts of the interviews using open code software. This study found three categories of barriers to postnatal care utilization in villages: mother and family members' health literacy on postnatal care, sociocultural beliefs and practices, and health service responses. Most mothers did not have adequate knowledge and skills regarding postnatal care that reflected how they lacked awareness and practice of postnatal care. Inter-generational norms and myths hindered mothers from utilizing postnatal care and from having adequate nutritional intake during the postnatal period. Mothers and family members conducted unsafe self-treatment to address perceived minor postnatal complication. Furthermore, social power from extended family influenced the postnatal care health literacy for mother and family members. Postnatal care in the village lacked patient-centered care practices. Additionally, midwives' workloads and capacities to conduct postnatal information, education and counseling were also issues. Despite the

  9. The Precambrian Structure of the Estancia Basin, Central New Mexico: New Seismic Images of the Mazatzal Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elebiju, O. O.; Miller, K. C.; Andronicos, C. L.

    2004-12-01

    The Estancia Basin, located between the Manzano Mountains and Pedernal Hills, in central New Mexico, provides an excellent location for studying the effects of Proterozoic structural grain on subsequent Phanerozoic tectonic events. The Estancia Basin lies within the Proterozoic Mazatzal province. In recent years, the National Science Foundation Continental Dynamics Program within the Rocky Mountains Project, (CD-ROM) group has been examining the boundary between the two broad northeast-trending tectonically-mixed Paleoproterozoic terranes in New Mexico: the Yavapai province to the north and the Mazatzal province to the south. Reflection data collected as part of the CD-ROM effort image a portion of the Mazatzal province at a location 100 km east of the Estancia Basin. In an effort to contribute to a deeper understanding of the CD-ROM seismic image and regional Precambrian geology, we are analyzing ten seismic reflection profiles, well-logs, magnetic and gravity data from the Estancia basin area. The seismic data show numerous dipping reflections within the Precambrian basement that may represent prominent Precambrian ductile shear zones similar to those exposed in the adjacent Manzano Mountains and Pedernal Hills. An earlier study that focused on the Paleozoic evolution of the Estancia Basin, by Barrow and Keller (1994) also noted these same reflectors and that a prominent gravity low observed in the vicinity of the basin could not be fully explained by the Paleozoic geology. We present a new interpretation of these data.

  10. 湖北宜昌香溪河流域环境同位素特征及其水循环意义%Characteristics of Environmental Isotopes in Xiangxi River Basin of Yichang, Hubei Province and Its Significance for Hydrological Cycle

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史婷婷; 陈植华; 张卫

    2012-01-01

    为研究鄂西南岩溶山区的水循环过程,以湖北宜昌香溪河流域为研究对象,通过现场调查并结合环境同位素,对香溪河流域地表水和地下水进行了取样,通过测定其氢氧同位素组成,分析了同位素变化特征以及流域地下水和地表水的转换关系及其水循环特征.流域水中δD、δ18O值组成分析表明:流域内各种水体主要分布在当地大气降水线的附近,构成斜率明显小于雨水线的蒸发线,3个子流域δD、δ18O值的富集程度为:南阳河流域<古夫河流域<高岚河流域.南阳河流域上游受神农架山区地方性大气降水控制.响水洞和响龙洞(暗河出口)水中氘过量参数(d)值分别反映出不同的地下径流途径与滞留时间、水岩反应强度.子流域同位素沿程变化的特征反映出:在上游段,水来源不同以及地表水和地下水转换频繁是δD、δ18O值变化的主要影响因素;在中下游段,流域内地下水流入河流,河水流量逐渐增大,不同的水源混合均匀,经过一定的蒸发作用,δD、δ18O值的变幅趋于稳定.%To study the hydrologic cycle process of karst mountainous area in southwest of Hubei Province, field survey was performed and the environmental isotopes in the stream and ground water was analyzed. Specifically, we first divided the Xiangxi River basin in Yichan Hubei into three sub-basins, which are Nanyang, Gufu and Gaolan river basins. We sampled stream and ground water from each sub-basin, determined the isotopic composition of hydrogen and oxygen elements in the water and analyzed the reciprocal transformation of stream and ground water as well as water cycle characteristics based on the isotopic composition of the elements. The composition analysis of δD, δ18 O indicated that; (1) Water from Gaolan drainage basin showed the highest enrichment of δD and δ18O, while water from Nanyang basin showed the lowest, suggesting that Nanyang basin is controlled by

  11. Analysis on the Activity Model of Related Community-based Organizations Involved in AIDS Prevention and Control-related Project in Hubei Province%湖北省相关社区组织参与艾滋病防治项目活动模式调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周翔; 孙巧丽; 刘旺民

    2014-01-01

    Objectives To analyze the activity model of related community-based organizations (CBO)involved in AIDS prevention and control-related project in Hubei province,and provide a reference for the development of a more standardized CBO involved in HIV prevention interventions,care and support model and strategy.Methods Design the survey form voluntarily,pooled analysis the related content of 46 CBO.Results Peer education is priori-ty given to the commercial sex workers (CSW)population intervention.Voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) were carried out and the HIV detection was expanded in the community among men who have sex with men (MSM) intervention.Visiting family and mobilizing drug dependents education among the drug users (DU)population in-terventions.Providing medical and psychological care,building community support networks and carrying out self as the main mode for the care and support to people living with HIV/AIDS (HIV/AIDS).Conclusions The CBO have established targeted intervention model direct at different types of HIV/AIDS related high-risk groups.A large number of effective intervention work have been carried out and significant results were obtained.The CBO have shared tasks of HIV/AIDS prevention and control for health authorities and professional organizations.%目的:调查分析湖北省社区组织(community-based organizations,CBO)参与艾滋病防治项目活动模式,为制定更为规范的 CBO 参与艾滋病预防干预、关怀支持模式与策略提供参考。方法自行设计调查表格,汇总分析46个 CBO 相关内容。结果对暗娼人群干预以同伴教育为主;男男性行为(MSM)人群干预在社区开展自愿咨询监测、扩大艾滋病病毒检测;吸毒人群干预以家庭走访、动员吸毒者家属教育;对艾滋病病毒感染者/艾滋病患者的关怀与支持以提供医疗和心理关怀,构建社区支持网络,开展生产自救为主要模式。结论 CBO 目前已针对不同类型的艾

  12. Study on the long-term trend of suicidal deaths in Macheng of Hubei province, 1984-2008%湖北省麻城市1984-2008年自杀死亡水平长期趋势分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈辉; 刘筱娴; 郑名烺

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨1984-2008年湖北省农村人口自杀死亡水平的特征及其长期变化趋势.方法 利用湖北省麻城市1984-2008年居民死因监测资料,回顾性分析不同性别、不同年龄人群的自杀死亡水平、自杀死亡占伤害的死因构成比及其变化趋势.结果 1984-2008年间该地人群的自杀死亡率呈下降趋势,自杀标化死亡率由1984年的113.29/10万降至2008年的20.11/10万,下降幅度为82.25%.自杀死亡占伤害死亡的构成比下降幅度不明显,自杀仍是该地人群伤害死亡的首要死因.自杀死亡者中,女性人数始终多于男性,女性所占的构成比在50%~60%之间波动;≥65岁老年人口所比例近年来明显增加,2008年老年人的构成比达46.81%.结论 自杀仍居该地人群,特别是女性人群伤害死因谱的首位.农村地区自杀预防的重点人群是女性和≥65岁老年人.%Objective To explore the characteristics and the long-term trend of suicidal deaths among the rural population in Hubei province. Methods Data on suicide deaths from 1984 through 2008 were released from Macheng Death Registration System and analyzed by year, gender and age. Results The suicidal death rates were decreasing during the last 25 years in Macheng city, with the standardized suicide mortality rapidly decreasing from 113.29/100 000 in 1984 to 20.11/100 000 in 2008. The proportion of suicide deaths in the total deaths caused by injuries were declining but not obviously. Suicide was still the leading cause of deaths among all the deaths due to injuries.Number of suicidal deaths among females was outnumbered the males during the last 25 years,representing 50%-60% in total suicide deaths annually. The proportion of suicide deaths among the elderly aged 65 and over had significantly increased in the recent years, which accounting for 46.81% of all the suicidal deaths in 2008. Conclusion Suicide remained the leading cause of injury deaths among the population in this

  13. Research on influencing factors of residents' willingness to pay for green agro-ecological compensation——A case from Wuhan in Hubei Province%绿色农业生态补偿居民支付意愿影响因素研究——以湖北省武汉市为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田苗; 严立冬; 邓远建; 袁浩

    2012-01-01

    This research explored the influencing factors of residents' willingness to pay for green agro-ecological compensation in order to provide references for transforming the agriculture mode, promoting the sustainable development of green agriculture, and establishing financial market channels based on public survey. [Method]Selecting four areas in Wuhan City of Hubei Province as survey locations, residents were asked to participate in a questionnaire survey. In the survey, the I^ogit model was used to analyze the influencing factors on residents and evaluate their willingness to pay for the green agro-ecological compensation. [Result]Through analysis, the surveyed residents' willingness to pay for the green agro梕cological compensation highly depended upon occupation and education levels, in which the education levels of the residents were significantly positively correlated with their willingness to pay. Age was not a significant factor in the residents' willingness to pay, while communist party members were more likely to pay for the green agro-ecological compensation. [ Suggestion ] During the beginning stages of exercising the green agro-ecological compensation policy, the government should increase publication of the green agro-ecological system services and functions in order to improve the residents' environmental awareness. At the same time, residents should support government compensation as the primary compensator and the sales market compensation as the secondary compensator in order to set the compensation standard and to improve the development of local economics.%[目的]探讨绿色农业生态补偿居民支付意愿影响因素,以期为进一步转变农业发展方式、促进绿色农业可持续发展、建立基于公众参与的绿色农业生态补偿市场融资渠道提供依据.[方法]选取湖北省武汉市4个区居民进行问卷调查,并利用Logistic模型对影响受访居民支付意愿的因素进行分析.[结果]受访对象

  14. The Stand Features of Pinus massoniana Plantation with Different Regulation Density in Danjiangkou Reservoir Area of Hubei Province%丹江口湖北库区不同调控密度马尾松人工林林分特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓荣; 刘学全; 唐万鹏; 庞宏东; 郑京津

    2014-01-01

    以丹江口湖北库区马尾松人工林为研究对象,从林分结构、天然更新演替和生物多样性等方面探讨不同调控密度的林分特征。结果表明,林分密度的降低有利于乔木层平均树高、平均胸径、优势高、枝下高的明显增加,不同调控密度林分高度分布整体均呈现正态分布曲线,但不同密度林分其峰值波动范围的宽窄程度各不相同,低密度林分高度结构更趋于完整;高密度林分立木胸径以小径阶为主,低中密度林分大径阶立木数量则明显增加。高中低密度马尾松林下更新树种种类分别为5种、7种和8种,均以栓皮栎和盐肤木构成其优势更新树种;随着林分密度的增加,更新幼苗数量以及更新层优势种幼树幼苗与乔木树种数量之比均表现为逐渐降低趋势,且更新幼苗多集中在高度≥50 cm范围。马尾松林分密度的降低均在一定程度上促进林下生物多样性的增加,但不同层次生物多样性变化趋势存在差异。%A Pinus massoniana plantation of Danjiangkou reservoir of Hubei Province was selected as object to analyze the stand features under different regulation density from three respects of the stand structure,natural re-generation status and biodiversity.The results showed that average tree height,average DBH,dominant height,and under branch height were significantly increased with the stand density decreased.At the same time,the height dis-tribution in three densities of Pinus massoniana plantation all showed a normal distribution curve,but the stand height structure at low density tended to be more complete.In high density stand,small diameter class trees were main components,but in low-medium density stand,the number of larger diameter tree was increased significantly. The number of regeneration species under forest of high density,medium density and low density P.massoniana were 5,7 and 8,respectively,and the dominant

  15. 我国公众对转基因食品社会评价的调查与分析——基于湖北省的问卷调查%Public Attitudes towards Social Evaluation of Genetically Modified Food in China:Survey and Analysis --Based on Data Analysis of Questionnaire in Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毛新志; 王培培; 张萌

    2011-01-01

    Public attitudes towards social evaluation of GMF (genetically modified food) is an important basis for Chinese government to make scientific decisions. Based on the questionnaire in Hubei province, this paper analyzes Chinese public's cognition and judgments of related concepts and basic knowledge in GM technology / food, and explores the public attitudes towards risk assessment, purchasing intention, commercialization and different benefits of GMF. The result shows that public's cognition and judgments of related concepts and basic knowledge in GM technology / food is not abundant, the impact of gender and growing environment on social cognition is not strong, while social cognition of different cultural and professional level is obviously different. The public's safety and risk assessment on GMF is not reciprocal. Supporting attitudes towards commercialization of GMF is slightly higher than the opposing attitudes, and different professions have an important impact on commercialization. Final- ly, the public is more concerned about the healthy and ecological benefits and public education is important in choosing the benefits.%我国公众对转基因食品社会评价的态度是我国政府进行科学决策的重要依据。基于湖北省的问卷调查,分析了我国公众对转基因技术/食品相关概念和基本知识的认知与判断,探讨了我国公众对转基因食品的风险评价、购买意愿、商业化及其各种效益的看法。主要结论:公众对转基因食品的相关概念和基本知识的认知程度不高,性别和成长环境对其认知程度影响不大,而不同文化程度和职业对转基因食品的认知情况存在明显差异;公众对转基因食品的安全与风险评价不是对等的;公众对转基因食品商业化的支持态度略大于反对的态度,职业对商业化的态度影响较大;公众更关注转基因食品的健康效益和生态效益,公众文化程度对

  16. 农业土壤中水溶性氟的分布特征与影响因素分析——以湖北省荆州市为例%Spatial Distribution Characteristics and Impact Factors of Water-soluble Fluorine in Agricultural Soils -A Case Study of Jingzhou City, Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁连新; 胡歌鸣

    2011-01-01

    Fluorine is one of the necessary elements to human being, while excessive uptake of the fluorine would have impact on human being health. In this study, 177 typical agricultural soil samples from Jinzhou City, Hubei Province were analyzed to figure out the distribution characteristics of water-soluble fluorine content in agricultural soil in this area. Results showed that the water-soluble fluorine content varied from 0.22 mg/kg to 4.57 mg/kg among various districts, with average about 1.74 mg/kg with a variation coefficient of 50%. Water-soluble fluorine content is the highest in alluvial soil (1.86 mg/kg), followed by the paddy soil(l.76 mg/kg), and brown-red soil(0.55 mg/kg) water-soluble fluorine content is in the minimum. In addition, there was significantly positive correlation between water-soluble fluoride and soil pH when soil pH was less than 7.5. Water-soluble fluoride content increased significantly with organic matter for soils at uplands, while there was non-significant relationship between water-soluble fluoride content and soil pH, which indicated that high fluoride content in soil parent materials in the region with the parent from alluvial formation contributed primarily to the big vitiations in soil water-soluble fluoride content.%土壤中氟是人体必需元素,但过量的氟摄入影响人体健康。本研究以湖北省荆州地区为例,通过该地区典型利用方式和土壤类型共177个代表性样点取样分析,摸清了该地区农业土壤水溶性氟含量状况,探讨了土壤基本理化性质与土壤水溶性氟含量的关系。结果表明,该区域土壤水溶性氟在0.22mg/kg~4.57mg/kg之间,平均值为1.74mg/kg,变异系数高达50%。潮土中水溶性氟含量最高(1.86mg/kg),其次是水稻土(1.76 mg/kg),棕红壤(0.55 mg/kg)水溶性氟含量最低。土壤水溶性氟含量在pH值低于7.5时与土壤pH值呈极显著正相关关系。旱地与草地土壤的水溶性氟含量随着有机质的增加而

  17. Analysis on Rural Woman's Migration Willingness:Empirical Study in Ezhou,Huangshi, and Xiantao Cities in Hubei Province%农村女性迁居城镇意愿状态的实证分析——以鄂州、黄石、仙桃三地为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何雄; 陈攀

    2013-01-01

    Based on the 4 318 women' s questionnaires between the ages of 18 to 45 from three cities in Hubei Province, this paper describes the proportions of rural woman' s migration willingness and sets up Binary Logistic Model to verify what kind of factors are significant. The empirical results show that: 52% of rural women are willing to move to cities and towns, while 34. 2% of rural women are reluctant to move to town. Education level, age, marital status and non-farm income have important impacts for rural women moving to cities and towns. Rural women who have the characters such as the higher level of educational attainment, youngerage, unmarried, and higher non-farm income, are more inclined to move to the city. Meanwhile, the areas where rural women live in also have great implications. The women living in the area nearer to the big city, have stronger desires moving to cities and towns. Now, Hukou,or whether or not rural women have working experience in city, are not significant factors. Rural woman' s willingness and choice are the key factors for Chinese migrant worker family immigrated into city. Therefore, it is recommended to vigorously raise the educational level of rural women by strengthening the education and training of rural women. At the same time, in the formulation and implementation of public policy, we need to increase equal right and chance to compete for rural women.%基于鄂州、黄石、仙桃三地年龄在18岁至45岁之间女性的4318份实地调查问卷,建立二元Logistic模型,分析三地农村女性迁居城镇意愿状况及其影响因素.研究结果表明:52%的农村女性愿意迁居到城镇,而34.2%的农村女性不愿意迁居到城镇.受教育程度程度越高、年龄越小、未婚、非农收入较高的农村女性更倾向于迁居城市.同时,女性居住地所在区域作为环境外围因素对迁居选择也有重要影响.离大、中城市越近,城市文明影响越深的区域,农村女性迁居城

  18. 2011年湖北省麻城市健康人群百日咳、白喉、破伤风抗体水平调查%Investigation on Antibody Levels Against Pertussis, Diphtheria and Tetanus Among Healthy Population of Macheng City in Hubei Province in 2011

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    喻同琦; 占建波; 徐胜平; 熊进峰; 李文桥; 丁晓莉; 董少波

    2012-01-01

    目的 调查评估麻城市2011年健康人群中百日咳、白喉和破伤风抗体水平.方法 随机抽取健康人群血清480人份,分为六个年龄组,采用ELISA法检测百日咳IgG、白喉IgG和破伤风IgG.结果 百日咳IgG、白喉IgG和破伤风IgG保护率分别为21.04%、73.33%和67.71%.3~6岁与7~14岁白喉抗体保护率分别为90%和76.67%,两年龄段抗体保护率差异有统计学意义(x2=29.73,P<0.01);3~6岁与7~14岁破伤风抗体保护率分别为93.33%和66.67%,两年龄段抗体保护率差异有统计学意义(x2=40.52,P<0.01).结论 麻城市人群中百日咳抗体水平较低,6岁以后人群中白破抗体水平下降明显.%Objective To survey and evaluate the antibodies levels against pertussis, diphtheria and tetanus among healthy population of Macheng City in Hubei Province in 2011. Method ELISA was used to detect serum levels of IgG against pertussis, diphtheria and tetanus in 480 healthy individuals who were divided into six age groups. Results The antibody protection rates of pertussis, diphtheria and tetanus were 21.04% , 73.33% and 67.71%, respectively. The antibody protection rates of diphtheria in children aged 3-6 years and 7-14 years were 90% and 76. 67% respectively, and there were statistically significant differences between the two age groups (x2 =29.73, P<0.01). The antibody protection rates of tetanus in children aged 3 - 6 years and 7 - 14 years were 93. 33% and 66. 67% respectively, and the differences were statistically significant between the two age groups (x2=40. 52, P<0. 01). Conclusions The antibody level of pertussis in healthy population of Macheng City is lower; moreover, the antibody levels of diphtheria and tetanus decrease significantly among the population aged over 6 years.

  19. The Logic in the Practice of "New Land Property Rights":Theoretical Interpretation of the Land Disputes in S-Town,Hubei Province%土地“新产权”的实践逻辑 对湖北S镇土地承包纠纷的学理阐释

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭亮

    2012-01-01

    In rural China,land property ownership is composed of two parts.One part is the ownership by the collective,and the other part is the land rental contract right by the farmers.Since 2000,changes and adjustments of the state's laws and policies have expanded the farmers' actual control over and utilization of land.In this context,land disputes over the land rental contract right have emerged in large quantities in rural villages.As the reality of S-Town in Hubei Province has shown,land possession patterns have experienced many changes in more than 50 years since the land reform,which means that the same piece of land usually has belonged to different owners in different historical periods.When the land rental contract right is yet to be determined once again and it is expected to be in effect for a long time,in their fight for their own benefits,farmers have activated their memories of land ownership and the traditional way of recognizing land's ownership,which have become important rationales to obtain their land rental contracts.The traditional land system in the past 50 years has shaped the Chinese farmers' cognitive structure to understand land property rights.Traditionally,it has been the state and the village communities to determine the rights to the land.Farmers' understanding of land property rights is not based on contracts in the sense of modern market,but on the political and socio-ethical basis.Their arguments stem out of the right to inheritance,the right to survival,and the equality principle in land distribution.Although these reasons to defend one's rights are no longer valid in the new land laws or policies,they were effective for a long time in the previous laws and policies.Furthermore,due to the extension of politics,they still represent their legitimacy in the socialist ideology.Thus,the conflicts between the traditional understanding of land distribution and the new land laws are an important trigger at the institutional level of

  20. The Evolution of Spatial Structure of Rural Households' Consuming Behaviors in Undeveloped Rural Areas and Its Influencing Factors: A Case of Ercheng Town in Hubei Province%欠发达地区农户消费行为空间结构演变特征——以湖北省黄冈市为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李伯华; 刘沛林; 张博野; 田亚平

    2011-01-01

    The space for rural households' consuming behavior space is a part and a parcel of rural spatial structure. Under the influence of the existing rural material spatial structure and social spatial structure, rural households' consuming behavior space forms a new rural spatial structure. Based on the interviews and questionnaires to 100 rural households of 8 villages in Ercheng Town, Hubei Province, this article summarized the general rule and the mechanism of the spatial structure evolution of rural households' consuming behaviors. The results show that the average distance of rural households' consuming behaviors reduces in general, the characteristics of places and structures of circles and layers of households' consuming behaviors become different, and spatial hierarchy structures of rural households' consuming behaviors change greatly and move down in general except for household appliances. Influencing factors mainly include system factors, transportation conditions and individual preference of consumption demand. The spatial structures of rural households and urban inhabitants consuming behaviors have a great discrepancy although they have certain degree of similarities.%农户消费活动空间是乡村空间结构的一种表现和组成部分,在受到乡村已有的物质空间和社会空间结构影响的同时,也不断塑造并形成新的乡村空间结构.在对湖北黄冈二程镇8个村100家农户的访谈和问卷调查的基础上,总结了农户消费行为空间结构演变的一般规律和影响机制.研究结构表明:10年来,农户消费的平均空间距离总体上有缩短趋势;农户消费不同类型商品的地点和圈层结构变化呈现不同特点;农户消费行为的空间等级结构有较大变化,除家用电器的消费空间等级没有变化外,其他商品的消费空间等级均发生了较大变化,总体趋势是消费空间等级下移;影响农户消费行为空间结构演变的因素很多,归纳

  1. 湖北省某县健康人群C群流行性脑脊髓膜炎检测和评价%Evaluation on the detection of antibodies against Serogroup C Neisseria meningitides by serum bactericidal assay in healthy population of Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕静; 杨红梅; 徐丽; 朱兵清; 江永忠; 李国明; 程均福; 尹遵栋

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解湖北省某县健康人群中C群脑膜炎奈瑟菌(Nm)抗体的保护性水平.方法 随机抽取湖北省7个年龄组共189份健康人群血清样品,采用血清杀菌试验方法,以C群脑膜炎奈瑟菌疫苗株(C11)作为靶菌,检测和分析湖北省不同年龄组健康人群对C群Nm的血清杀菌力水平.并对检测结果进行统计分析.结果 189份健康人群血清对C群Nm的杀菌抗体阳性率为44.44%,几何平均滴度(GMT)为1:6.37,人群保护率(抗体滴度≥1:8)为38.10%,其中,1~2岁年龄组GMT最低(1:2.96),阳性率为33.33%,人群保护率为23.33%,15 ~ 19岁年龄组GMT最高(1:10.80),阳性率为56.67%,人群保护率为50.00%.6岁以下儿童GMT为(1:4.78),阳性率为39.29%,保护率为33.03%,低于较高年龄组. 结论 湖北省6岁以下年龄组健康人群对C群Nm血清杀菌力水平较低;实施扩大免疫规划后,小年龄儿童仍需要采取措施提高C群流脑抗体水平;继续进行免疫效果监测是非常必要的.%Objective To understand the bactericidal antibody level against Neisseria meningitidis serogroup C in healthy population of Hubei province. Methods 189 serum samples were randomly collected from seven age groups by serum bactericidal to detect the antibody level against Neisseria meningitidis serogroup C with vaccine strain (C11 )as target bacteria for SBA. The results were analyzed by software SAS 9.1. Results Totally 44.44% of 189 serum samples were positive to Cll (titer 5=1:2)with the Geometric Mean Titer (GMT)(1:6.37 and the protective rate of 38.10% and titer 3=1:8. The GMT in age group of 1 to 2 years was lowest (l:2.96)with the positive rate of 33.33% and protective rate of 23.33% . The GMT in age group of 15 to 19 years was the highest(l: 10.80),with the positive rate of 56.67% and protective rate of 50.00%. The GMT in children younger than 6 years wasl:4.78 with positive rale of 39.29% and protective rate of 33.03%,lower than other age

  2. 基于村级尺度的湖北武陵民族地区贫困现状及影响因素研究%Research on Present Situation and Affecting Factors of Poverty Based on Village Scale in Wuling Ethnic Areas of Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘丽娜; 李俊杰

    2015-01-01

    The article described the overall poor situation of administrative villages in Wuling ethnic areas of Hubei province,and used the linear regression model to make empirical test to affecting factors of the poverty incidence and re-poverty-stricken rate.Results showed that minority population rate posi-tive effects on incidence of poverty obviously and no effect on re-poverty-stricken rate.The labor illitera-cy and half illiteracy rates had significant positive effects on both of them.Labor output rate had negative effect on poverty rate;the but positive effects on re-poverty-stricken rate.The rate of culture activity room and clinic had significant negative influences on poverty rate;the rate of cultural activity room had no effect on re-poverty-stricken rate yet the clinic rate had significant negative influences on it.Further-more,the rate of tap water and asphalt road had great negative effects on poverty rate;but the rate of asphalt road and electricity had no effect on re-poverty-stricken rate.Accordingly,suggestions on promo-ting the poverty alleviation and development of Wuling ethnic areas were proposed as follows,increasing investment in education to raise comprehensive quality of resident's population;improving the labor ex-port strategy and enhancing their capacities of anti-poverty;adjusting measures to local conditions and improving the population plan of poverty alleviation in ethnic areas;establishing database of village-level poverty to form a new poverty alleviation situation.%通过整体描述湖北武陵民族地区行政村贫困总体现状,运用线性回归模型对贫困村的贫困发生率及因病因灾返贫率的影响因素进行实证检验,结果发现:少数民族人口率对贫困发生率具有显著正向影响,对返贫率不具有影响;劳动力文盲、半文盲率对二者具有显著正向影响;劳动力输出率对贫困发生率具有负向影响,而对返贫率有正向影响;有文化活动室

  3. Physical and microbiological properties of alluvial calcareous Çumra province soils (Central Anatolia, Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmet Sami Erol

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Alluvial calcareous soils in Central Anatolia (Konya province, Çumra district has a heavy granulometric composition (average clay, low organic carbon content (less than 1%, but stable pore space structure and favorable agrophysical properties. Studies of the water regime in drip irrigation confirm favorable hydrological properties of these soils. It is assumed that the favorable structure of the pore space due to vigorous activity a large and diverse soil biota. Four phyla dominate in soil biota, among which predominate Actinobacteria. The higher (Streptomyces, and lower (three species Rhodococcus actinobacteria are predominant in large amounts as a part of this phyla. Large biodiversity at a sufficiently high bacteria richness formed the structure of the microbial community that contribute to the balanced production of specific metabolites, including gases (CO2, N2, which allows the soil to function actively, preventing compaction of the pore space and maintaining optimal density, porosity, hydrologic properties of the studied silty clay soils. m the uppermost soil horizons. Analyses of heavy mineral fraction show presence of metamorphic and igneous minerals which indicate participation of weathering products from other rock types in the nearby area. The types of heavy minerals in soils depend more on composition of parent rocks and geomorphic position than on climate type. Soils from Nova Lovcha show similar composition, but the quantity of goethite and hematite significantly increase in soil from plain. Typical high-metamorphic minerals as andalusite, kyanite and sillimanite present only in Nova Lovcha, while garnet dominates in Petrovo and opaque minerals - in Dobrostan. Red soils, formed on slopes, where erosion prevails over accumulation, contain more illite, smectite and vermiculite-smectite, and very few or no kaolinite, whereas the kaolinite is dominant in soils formed on plain. The mineralogical composition of clays in different

  4. Study of social responsibilities of Hubei seed enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gangren Zhang

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to analyze the current development situation of social responsibilities of Hubei seed enterprises in accordance with the specific features of them. Furthermore, it will also propose countermeasures and suggestions to improve the social responsibility level of Hubei seed enterprises. This study mainly applied document research method and questionnaire survey approach as the means to analyze the reason why there’s lack of social responsibilities among seed enterprises in Hubei. It also reached conclusions about how to improve the social responsibility level of Hubei seed enterprises from four aspects: enterprise, laws & regulations, social supervision, and government guidance & supervision, so as to provide theoretical reference for better development of Hubei seed industry.

  5. Biostratigraphy and geochronology of the late Cenozoic of Córdoba Province (central Argentina)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cruz, Laura Edith

    2013-03-01

    In the last twenty years, several geological and stratigraphical studies have been undertaken in Córdoba Province, and they have provided useful bases for biostratigraphic work in the late Cenozoic. However, paleontological contributions have been limited to preliminary analyses of mammal assemblages, or specific discoveries. The aim of this work is to contribute to biostratigraphic knowledge of Argentina through the study of late Cenozoic mammals from Córdoba Province. Five localities have been analyzed: San Francisco, Miramar, Río Cuarto, Isla Verde, and Valle de Traslasierra. Through biostratigraphic analysis the first records of several taxa were established, and mammal assemblages with the description and correlation of the sedimentary strata were confirmed. Finally, three Assemblage Zones (Biozonas de Asociación) were proposed: 1) Neosclerocalyptus paskoensis-Equus (Amerhippus) assemblage zone with type area and profile based on the San Francisco locality, referred to the Lujanian (late Pleistocene-early Holocene), and comparable to the Equus (Amerhippus) neogeus Biozone of Buenos Aires Province; 2) Neosclerocalyptus ornatus-Catonyx tarijensis assemblage zone with type area and profile based on the San Francisco locality, referred to the Ensenadan (early Pleistocene) and comparable to the Mesotherium cristatum Biozone of Buenos Aires Province, and 3) Nonotherium hennigi-Propanochthus bullifer assemblage zone with type area and profile based on the Los Sauces river, Valle de Traslasierra, referred to the Montehermosan-Chapadmalalan interval (Pliocene), and comparable to the Trigodon gaudryi, Neocavia depressidens and/or Paraglyptodon chapadmalensis Biozones of Buenos Aires Province.

  6. Hydrogeochemical Characteristics of Shennongjia Forest District at Songbai Town, Hubei

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程胜高; 马腾; 周建兰

    2004-01-01

    In recent years, the calculus disease occurs occasionally in Songbai Town, Hubei Province, which is the capital of the Shennongjia forest district, and shows a trend of more and more frequent occurrence. In order to reveal the relationship between the geo-environment, especially drinking water, and the disease, the senior author has made an investigation on the pathogeny and epidemiology of the disease and some characteristics of drinking water, including the source, chemical composition and radioactivity of all kinds of drinking water (river water, spring water, running water). We adopted a routine method to analyze major ions and the atom spectra of the minor elements. At the same time, we made similar investigations in Muyu Town for comparison. The results showed that all the indices of surface water & ground water in the two towns have not gone beyond (CJ3020-93) and that the radioactivity (γ-ray) of the water from Songbai Town is higher than that of the water from Muyu Town, but the incidence of the disease is higher than that in Muyu Town. So, it can be concluded that there is no direct relationship between the disease and the hydro-environment.

  7. Delaware basin/Central basin platform margin: The development of a subthrust deep-gas province in the Permian Basin

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Purves, W.J. (Mobil Oil Corp., Midland, TX (USA)); Ting, S.C. (Mobil, Farmers Branch, TX (USA))

    1990-05-01

    A deep-gas-prone province was identified along the Delaware basin/Central Basin platform margin, a margin conventionally interpreted to be bounded by high-angle normal or high-angle reverse structures. Redefinition of the tectonic style between the Delaware basin and the adjacent platform resulted in the identification of this Delaware basin/Central Basin platform subthrust province and a giant prospect within it. Definition of a giant-sized gas prospect in northern Pecos County, Texas, revealed that portions of this margin may be characterized by shingled, low-angle, eastward-dipping, basement involved thrust faults. Interpretations suggest that hidden, subthrust footwall structures may trend discontinuously for greater than 100 mi along this structural margin. Subthrust footwall structures formed as basinal buttress points for the Central Basin platform to climb over the Delaware basin. In this area, structural relief of over 19,000 ft over a 10-mi width is believed due to stacking of low-angle thrust sheets. Seismic resolution of this subthrust margin has been complexed by allochtonous hanging-wall gravity-glide blocks and folds and by velocity changes in overlying syn- and posttectonic sediments associated with basin-to-shelf lithofacies changes. Statistical studies indicate that this deep-gas province has a play potential of greater than 10 tcf of gas, with individual prospect sizes exceeding 1 tcfg. The prospects defined along this trend are deep (approximately 20,000 ft) subthrust structural traps that are indigenously sourced and reservoired by dual-matrix porosity. Vitrinite supported maturation modeling suggests that these subthrust structures formed prior to catagenic conversion of the oldest source rocks to oil and later to gas. Tectonically fractured Ordovician Ellenburger and Devonian sediments are considered the principal reservoirs. Shales overlying reservoir intervals form vertical seals.

  8. Quality control of climatological time series in the province of macerata (adriatic side of central italy)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gentilucci, Matteo; Bisci, Carlo; Fazzini, Massimiliano; Tognetti, Danilo

    2016-04-01

    The analysis is focused on more than 100 meteorological recording stations located in the Province of Macerata (Marche region, Adriatic side of Central Italy) and in its neighbours; it aims to check the time series of their climatological data (temperatures and precipitations), covering about one century of observations, in order to remove or rectify any errors. This small area (about 2.800Km2) features many different climate types, because of its varied topography ranging, moving westward, from the Adriatic coast to the Appennines (over 2.100m of altitude). In this irregular context, it is difficult to establish a common procedure for each sector; therefore, it has been followed the general guidelines of the WMO, with some important difference (mostly in the method). Data are classified on the basis of validation codes (VC): missing datum (VC=-1), correct or verified datum (VC=0), datum under investigation (VC=1), datum removed after the analysis (VC=2), datum reconstructed through interpolation or by estimating the errors of digitization (VC=3). The first step was the "Logical Control", consisting in the investigation of gross errors of digitization: the data found in this phase of the analysis has been removed without any other control (VC=2). The second step, represented by the "Internal Consistency Check", leads to the elimination (VC=2) of all the data out of range, estimated on the basis of the climate zone for each investigated variable. The third one is the "Tolerance Test", carried out comparing each datum with the historical record it belongs to, in order to apply this test, the normal distribution of data has been evaluated. The "Tolerance Test" usually defines only suspect data (VC=1) to be verified with further tests, such as the "Temporal Consistency" and the "Spatial Consistency". The "Temporal Consistency" allows an evaluation of the time sequence of data, setting a specified range for each station basing upon its historical records. Data out of

  9. Various origins of clinopyroxene megacrysts from basanites from the eastern part of Central European Volcanic Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lipa, Danuta; Puziewicz, Jacek; Ntaflos, Theodoros; Matusiak-Małek, Magdalena; Kukuła, Anna

    2014-05-01

    Clinopyroxene megacrysts up to few centimetres in size occur in Cenozoic alkaline lavas forming the north-eastern part of Central European Volcanic Province in Lower Silesia (SW Poland). The megacrysts occur, among other, in the Miocene basanite from Ostrzyca Proboszczowicka (bulk rock mg# 0.65-0.66) and in that from Lutynia (Pliocene, K-Ar age: 4.56 +/- 0.2 Ma; Birkenmajer et al. 2002; bulk rock mg# 0.64). The megacrysts typically consist of homogeneous core surrounded by patchy and spongy mantle, which is covered by a thin outermost rim of composition similar to that of the groundmass clinopyroxene occurring in the host basanite. The mantles of the megacrysts have been affected by melting, whereas the cores preserve their primary composition. We compare the core parts of megacrysts in the following. The Ostrzyca clinopyroxene megacrysts contain euhedral apatite intergrowths. The clinopyroxene has the composition of Fe-rich diopside (mg# = 0.61 - 0.70), contain significant sodium (to 0.12 a pfu) and are calcium rich (0.89-0.92 a pfu). The Lutynia megacrysts have the composition of augite and diopside (mg# 0.80-0.83). The sodium content is also high (to 0.12 a pfu), but calcium varies from 0.68 to 0.77 a pfu. The REE concentrations for Lutynia (1-10 x PM) are lower relative to Ostrzyca, enriched 10-100 times relative to PM. In both sites the megacrysts are strongly enriched in LREE relative to HREE and TE are characterized by positive Th, La and Ce anomalies, slight negative Sr and Y anomalies and strong Pb anomaly in the PM normalised patterns. The megacrysts from Ostrzyca reveal slight negative Ti and strong positive Zr and Hf anomalies, whereas those Lutynia have negative Zr anomaly and Ti anomaly is absent. Major and trace element composition shows that the megacrysts from Ostrzyca formed as coarse-grained cumulate at significant depth (lower crust?) from the LREE enriched alkaline melt. That melt was very rich in phosphorous which enabled its saturation in

  10. Geochemistry of Central Atlantic Magmatic Province (CAMP) sills from deep boreholes in the Amazonas and Solimões basins, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hatlen Heimdal, Thea; Svensen, Henrik H.; Pereira, Egberto; Planke, Sverre

    2016-04-01

    The Central Atlantic Magmatic Province (CAMP) is one of the most extensive Large Igneous Provinces (LIPs), and is associated with the breakup of Pangea and the subsequent opening of the central Atlantic Ocean. A large part of the province, including > 1 M km2 basins containing sill intrusions, is located in Brazil but has received limited attention due to the lack of outcrops. We have studied CAMP sills from seven deep boreholes (up to 3100 m deep) in the Amazonas and Solimões basins, northern Brazil. The boreholes contain up to ~ 482 m of sills (18 % of the stratigraphy), with a maximum individual sill thickness of 140 m. The sills were partly emplaced into thick Carboniferous evaporites. The main mineral phases of the sills include plagioclase and pyroxene, with accessory apatite, biotite, ilmenite and quartz. The majority of the sills are low-Ti dolerites (TiO2 < 2 wt.%), with the exception of four samples (with 2.2 - 3.3 wt.% TiO2). The low-Ti rocks range from basalt to basaltic andesite and plot in the tholeiitic field defined within the total alkali versus silica (TAS) classification. C1 chondrite normalized Rare Earth Element (REE) patterns for both Ti-groups show increasing LREE compared to HREE (La/Lu = 2.2 - 4.1) with no major anomalies, and attest to a relatively evolved nature (La = 17-65 ppm). Primitive mantle normalized patterns for low-Ti rocks show negative anomalies for Nb, Ta, P and Ti and positive for K, whereas the high-Ti rocks show generally opposite anomalies. Late stage patches in the dolerites contain apatite, quartz and Cl-bearing biotite, suggesting the presence of halogens that may partly derive from the host sedimentary rocks.

  11. Evaluation of biochemical urinary stone composition and its relationship to tap water hardness in Qom province, central Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moslemi MK

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Mohammad Kazem Moslemi1, Hossein Saghafi2, Seyed Mohammad Amin Joorabchin31Department of Urology, Kamkar Hospital, 2Department of Nephrology, Kamkar Hospital, School of Medicine, 3School of Medicine, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, IranPurpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the biochemical stone composition in general population of Qom province, central Iran, and its relationship with high tap water hardness.Materials and methods: In a prospective study, from March 2008 to July 2011, biochemical analysis of urinary stones in patients living in Qom province for at least 5 years was performed. Stones were retrieved by spontaneous passage, endoscopic or open surgery, and after extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy. Demographic findings and the drinking water supply of patients were evaluated and compared with biochemical stone analysis.Results: Stone analysis was performed in 255 patients. The most dominant composition of urinary stones was calcium oxalate (73%, followed by uric acid (24%, ammonium urate (2%, and cystine (1%. The peak incidence of urinary stone was in patients in their forties. Overall male to female ratio was 4.93:1.Conclusion: The dominant stone composition in inhabitants of central Iran, where tap water hardness is high, was calcium oxalate stones. On the basis of this study, biochemical urinary stone composition of Qom does not differ from other regions of Iran with lower water hardness.Keywords: stone analysis, water hardness, urinary stones, stone composition

  12. Photosynthetic characteristics of three varieties of Lilium "Oriental Hybrids" in the central areas of Yunnan Province,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wei CHANG; Shuyun LI; Hong HU; Yayu FAN

    2008-01-01

    To understand the ecophysiological adapta-tion of Lilium "Oriental Hybrids", which are grown for their commercial bulbs, the gas exchange, leaf N and chlorophyll content of the three varieties were investigated in the central areas of the Yunnan Province. Among the three varieties, light-saturated photosynthetic rate at ambient CO2 (Amax) of Tiber was the highest, while that of Siberia was the lowest. The difference in the Amax was related to the carboxylation efficiency (CE), leaf mass per unit area and leaf N content per mass, which indicated that their photosynthetic capacity was influenced by the activity and/or the quantity of Rubisco. The three vari-eties had lower photosynthetic saturation points and pho-tosynthetic compensation points, but the photosynthetic rates were not decreased up to 2000 μmol.m-2s-1 of the light intensity. This indicates that the three varieties had broad adaptability to light intensity. There were signifi-cant differences in the photosynthetic optimum temper-ature among the three varieties. Siberia had the highest photosynthetic optimum temperature (25.5℃-34.9℃), and is likely to grow well in warm areas. Sorbonne had the lowest photosynthetic optimum temperature (19.3℃-25.6℃), and its growth is favored in cool areas. Tiber can maintain a high photosynthetic rate within a wide range of temperature. Therefore, Tiber is the most suitable variety for the climate in the central areas of the Yunnan Province, China.

  13. Environmental Geochemistry of Fluorine in the Rock—Soil—Water System in the Karst Region of Central Guizhou Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱立军; 李景阳; 等

    2000-01-01

    Systematic determination of and adsorption experiment on fluorine in the carbonate rock-soil-water system in the karst region studied in Guzhou Province,in conjunction with the mineral surface and soil chemistry data,have revealed the geochemical characteristics of F and the mechanisms of its transport and entrichment in the rock-soil-water-system of the karst region central guizhou province,Deep-seated underground waters(-100m or lower)and soil layers in the karst region of central Guizhou are characterized by high-F anomalies whereas shallow-level underground and surface waters by low contents of F(mostly lower than 05mg/L).Fluorine in soil and water in the region studied comes largely from Triassic marine strata dominated by gypsum-bearing carbonate rocks.The special adsorption and desorption of F on the surface of geothite in soil layers are the important mechanisms of its transport and enrichment in the rock-soil-water system of the karst region studied.

  14. The Early Triassic magmatism of the Alto Paraguay Province, Central South America: Paleomagnetic and ASM data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ernesto, Marcia; Comin-Chiaramonti, Piero; Gomes, Celso de Barros

    2015-10-01

    A paleomagnetic studystudywork was carried out on the Alto Paraguay Province (APP), a belt of alkaline complexes that parallel the Paraguay river for more than 40 km at the border of Brazil and Paraguay. The province is well dated by 40Ar/39Ar method giving ages in the range 240-250 Ma with a preferred age of 241 Ma. Intrusive rocks are predominant but the stocks may be topped by lava flows and ignimbrites. Paleomagnetic work on stocks, dikes and flows of the APP identified normal and reversed magnetic components which are carried mainly by titanomagnetites. The calculated paleomagnetic pole located at 319ºE 78ºS (α95 = 6º; k = 23) is in agreement with other South American poles of Permo-Triassic age. Most of the sampling sites showed large variations in rock magnetization, but similar patterns in the variation of the within-site magnetizations, mainly in dikes, suggest geomagnetic polarity transition records. The magnetization data along with the anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility determinations suggested that the South and North areas of the province have different evolution characteristics.

  15. The Santa Cruz - Tarija Province of Central South America: Los Monos - Machareti(!) Petroleum System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindquist, Sandra J.

    1999-01-01

    The Los Monos - Machareti(!) total petroleum system is in the Santa Cruz - Tarija Province of Bolivia, Argentina and Paraguay. Province history is that of a Paleozoic, intracratonic, siliciclastic rift basin that evolved into a Miocene (Andean) foreland fold and thrust belt. Existing fields are typified by alternating reservoir and seal rocks in post-Ordovician sandstones and shales on anticlines. Thick Devonian and Silurian shale source rocks, depositionally and erosionally confined to this province, at a minimum have generated 4.1 BBOE known ultimate recoverable reserves (as of 1995, 77% gas, 15% condensate, 8% oil) into dominantly Carboniferous reservoirs with average 20% porosity and 156 md permeability. Major detachment surfaces within the source rocks contributed to the thin-skinned and laterally continuous nature of the deformation. Tertiary foreland burial adequate for significant source maturation coincided with the formation of compressional traps. Further hydrocarbon discovery in the fold and thrust belt is expected. In the foreland basin, higher thermal gradients and variable burial history - combined with the presence of unconformity and onlap wedges - create potential there for stratigraphic traps and pre-Andean, block-fault and forced-fold traps.

  16. The Poverty Index Calculation and Policy Recommendations of Hubei Province Since the 1990s---Based on the Perspective of Multidimensional Poverty%1990年代以来湖北省贫困指数的测算分析与政策建议--基于多维贫困视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭尚武; 张全红

    2015-01-01

    Analysis of poverty and developing anti-poverty policy from the multi-dimensional, that has important theoretical and practical significance for poverty reduction in Hubei. In this paper, four dimensions (education, health, living standards and income) and 11 indicators have been adopted to measure the incidence of poverty in Hubei. As a result, in Hubei poor families, years of education, health insurance, health, cooking fuel, drinking water are the highest poverty indicators, and higher than income poverty. In addition, the data shows that the difference in poverty between female-headed and male-head­ ed households is not obvious; and the city multi-dimensional poverty rate is rising faster than the rural. We recommend that the anti-poverty focus of Hubei should been shifted from income to education and health antipoverty education and health, and the multi-dimensional poverty in urban could not be ignored.%从多维角度来分析贫困和制定反贫困政策,对于湖北的减贫事业具有重要的理论和现实意义,本文采用教育、健康、生活水平和收入等4个维度11个指标测算了湖北省贫困发生率,研究表明湖北省贫困家庭在受教育年限、医疗保险、健康状况、做饭燃料、卫生设施、饮用水指标上的贫困程度较高,并且高于收入贫困。另外,数据表明女性户主和男性户主家庭的贫困的差异不明显,城市多维贫困率较农村而言上升较快。建议湖北省反贫困重点应从关注收入转向教育和健康,并且不可忽视城市多维贫困问题。

  17. Opisthorchis viverrini infections and associated risk factors in a lowland area of Binh Dinh Province, Central Vietnam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dao, Thanh Thi Ha; Bui, Tuan Van; Abatih, Emmanuel Nji; Gabriël, Sarah; Nguyen, Thanh Thi Giang; Huynh, Quang Hong; Nguyen, Chuong Van; Dorny, Pierre

    2016-05-01

    Opisthorchiasis caused by Opisthorchis viverrini is a major public health problem in the Mekong Basin in South East Asia. It is associated with cholangiocarcinoma, a fatal cancer of the bile duct, which is very common in some areas of Thailand and Lao PDR. Although there is evidence of opisthorchiasis in the central and Southern provinces of Vietnam, data are scarce and Vietnam is often not considered an opisthorchiasis endemic area in the international literature. We conducted a cross-sectional survey in June 2015 in a lowland rural area of Binh Dinh Province in Central Vietnam to investigate the apparent prevalence of O. viverrini infection in the population and the associated risk factors. A total of 254 stool samples were collected and examined by the Kato Katz method. Consenting people shedding Opisthorchis-like eggs with their stools were treated with praziquantel and MgSO4 and adult worms were collected from stools for morphological and molecular identifications. Risk factors were studied with a structured questionnaire and the association with infection was evaluated by univariate and multivariate Firth's logistic regression analysis. The apparent prevalence in the investigated population determined by stool examination was 11.4% (CI: 8-16%). Infection with O. viverrini was confirmed in all 11 individuals consenting to receive praziquantel treatment and subsequent worm recovery from stools. The mean number of worms recovered after treatment/purgation was 14.5 (range 2-44). Male gender and the consumption of dishes prepared from raw small wild-caught freshwater fish (Carassius auratus) were found to be significant risk factors associated with opisthorchiasis in the area. These findings confirm the presence of O. viverrini infection in Central Vietnam related to the consumption of raw fish dishes. Awareness campaigns and control programs should be implemented in the region to combat this potentially fatal fluke infection.

  18. 基于EOF方法的华中五省近47年总云量变化分析%Analysis on Total Cloud Cover Change of Five Provinces in Central China Last 47 Years Based on EOF Method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐琼芳; 高庆九; 石燕; 潘洪祥

    2011-01-01

    选用华中五省(河南、湖北、湖南、安徽、江西)20个全球交换站1959 - 2005年逐月云量观测资料,用EOF方法分析了近47a来华中五省总云量的年、季节变化规律及其地域分布特征,以期对气候模式开发和模拟研究提供参考,并为华中五省气候变化和农业生产区划提供数据支持.结果表明:近47a来,华中五省平均年、季总云量总体呈减少趋势.总云量变化地区差异较大,主要有2种典型时空分布.第一典型场中,年、季均为正值,且均由南向北呈现出低-高的差异,中心位于华中五省中偏北部地区.对应时间系数中,年、春、秋季1959 -2005年总体呈明显波动下降趋势,可得出年、春、秋季总云量近47a呈减少趋势,夏季无明显变化,冬季变化趋势也不明显.第二典型场中,年、四季均大体以长江为界呈反向变化,对应时间系数以年际变化为主.%Based on monthly cloud cover observation data from 20 global exchange stations of five provinces ( Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Anhui and Jiangxi province) in central China during 1959 -2005, the seasonal/annual variation and regional distribution of total cloud cover in last 47 years were analyzed. The results showed that both of average annual and seasonal total cloud cover in central China decreased in last 47 years. Variation of total cloud cover changed among different regions, and there were two kinds of typical space - time distribution. One was positive variation for both annual and seasonal, and increasing from south to north. Its center located in the northern-middle part of central China. The cloud cover of spring and autumn declined and there was no obvious change in summer and winter from 1959 to 2005. The other was reverse variation on the two sides of the Yangtze river, obvious in annual variation.

  19. Postpartum practices of puerperal women and their influencing factors in three regions of Hubei, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen Banghua

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background 'Sitting month' is a Chinese tradition for women's postpartum custom. The present study aims to explore the postpartum dietary and health practices of puerperal women and identify their influential factors in three selected regions of Hubei, China. Methods A cross-sectional retrospective study was conducted in the selected urban, suburban and rural areas in the province of Hubei from 1 March to 30 May 2003. A total of 2100 women who had given birth to full-term singleton infants in the past two years were selected as the participants. Data regarding postpartum practices and potentially related factors were collected through questionnaire by trained investigators. Results During the puerperium, 18% of the participants never ate vegetables, 78.8% never ate fruit and 75.7% never drank milk. Behaviour taboos such as no bathing, no hair washing or teeth brushing were still popular among the participants. About half of the women didn't get out of the bed two days after giving birth. The average time they stayed in bed during this period was 18.0 h. One third of them didn't have any outdoor activities in that time periods. The educational background of both women and their spouses, location of their residence, family income, postnatal visit, nutrition and health care educational courses were found to be the influencing factors of women's postpartum practices. Conclusion Traditional postpartum dietary and health behaviours were still popular among women in Hubei. Identifying the factors associated with traditional postpartum practices is critical to develop better targeting health education programs. Updated Information regarding postpartum dietary and health practices should be disseminated to women.

  20. Geographical centers: Geographical centers of the Republic of Serbia, Central Serbia, the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina and the Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilić Jovan

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The geographical center of one territorial unit is the location point which in theoretical sense is nearest to other points of that territorial unit. There are several methods for determining the geographical center. Those are 1 method of geographical coordinates of extreme border pont, 2 the method of brunt determinate 3 the method of isofrontiers, 4 the isofrontier-translations method (composite, 5 the method of grid, 6 the integral method of brunt determinate. The integral method of brunt determinate by computer program ArcView a method which provides very precise results was applied. The geographical center is an interesting and important place, which should be marked in an adequate manner. It would be, for example, useful to put the basic geographic orientation sign at a location. It is an object where the name of destination, its latitude (numerical value in degrees, minutes and seconds, longitude and altitude (in meters and the data about straight liner distance to the destination in the Republic of Serbia (cities, mountains, monasteries, etc and the other parts of the world (cities, mountains, and points of the main elements of the Earth - the Equator, the North Pole, the zero meridian and data zone border line (in kilometers/miles would be indicated. Geographical centers in Serbia are as follows: The geographical center of the Republic of Serbia is situated in Drača settlement, Kragujevac municipality. The center is located to the west of Kragujevac, about 8 km from the center of the city (rectilinear. The geographical center of Central Serbia is situated in Kaludra settlement Rekovac municipality. The center is located about 10 km to the south of Rekovac. The geographical center of the Autonomus Province of Voivodina is situated in Žabalj settlement, Žabalj municipality. The center is located about 12 km to the northeast of Novi Sad. The geographical center of the Autonomus Province of Kosovo and Metohia is situated in Komorane

  1. 农地整理项目中农民受益支付与受损补偿--以湖北省5个县区为实证%Benefit of Payment and Damage Compensation of Farmers ’ Interests in Implementing of Agricultural Land Consolidation Projects---Based on 5 Counties in Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴九兴; 杨钢桥

    2014-01-01

    农地整理项目实施中农民的受益与受损研究对完善农地整理项目投资政策和补偿政策具有重要参考作用。以湖北省5个县区为例,利用农户问卷调查数据分析农地整理实施中农民受益类型及其支付意愿、农民受损类型及其受偿意愿。研究表明:农民的受益类型包括灌排水更方便、通行更便利、投劳收入、耕地质量提升、增加耕地面积等类型,前三者较显著,后两者不明显;农民受益后的支付意愿是,绝大多数受访农民愿意为受益而义务投工或出钱,但也有少数受访农民拒绝支付;即便农民意愿采取同种支付方式,但农民之间的支付额度仍存在差别。农民利益的受损类型主要包括耕地被占用、青苗损失、耕地质量降低、田块分割、塘堰被填、祖坟迁移、房屋拆迁等损失类型,前四者的发生比例很大,后三者的发生比例较小;农民利益受损后的受偿意愿是,100%的利益受损农民认为利益受损应获得补偿;不同的利益受损类型,农民期望的受偿方式存在较大差别;不同的利益受损方面,农民意愿接受的受偿额度存在较大差距。在调整和改进农地整理项目投资政策和补偿政策时,应以农民需求和农民意愿为导向,提高农地整理项目的农户满意度。%Study on the benefits and damage of farmers ’interests in agricultural land consolidation project has important reference value for improving investment policies and compensation policies of agricultural land consolida -tion project .This paper takes 5 counties of Hubei Province as examples ,utilizes the farmers questionnaire data , analyses the types of benefit of farmers ’ interests and their willingness to pay in agricultural land consolidation pro-ject ,and types of damage of the farmers interests and their willingness to accept compensation .The results show that ,the benefit types of farmers

  2. Intention of Land Circulation in Reservoirs Resettlements Based on the Logistic Model:An Investigation into Sichuan, Hunan and Hubei Provinces%基于Logistic模型的水库移民安置区居民土地流转意愿分析——四川、湖南、湖北移民安置区的调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈昱; 陈银蓉; 马文博

    2011-01-01

    Under administrative intervention, land circulation in reservoir immigration resettlements has violated related laws. Examining factors affecting residents' willingness to transfer their land in reservoir migration resettlements is meaningful to promote the land circulation in resettlement areas from a passive mode to a relatively active way. Compared to the general land circulation in rural areas, land circulation in reservoir migration resettlements show unique characteristics in many aspects, such as circulation aim, circulation significance, and government involvement. In this study, 318 questionnaires were obtained, coveting 4 reservoir immigration resettlements within Sichuan, Hunan, and Hubei provinces. The design of the questionnaire took willingness as a dependent variable but other 13 factors as independent variables, e.g., gender, age, occupational type, distance from resettlements to provincial capital, household size, and labor force. By establishing a logistic model, the authors performed an empirical study on the willingness to land circulation of local residents in reservoir resettlements. Conclusions were drawn as follows. 1) With increasing years of farmers' education, they are more inclined to transfer its land. The possible reason is that for migrant workers, the higher level of their education, the more access to work opportunities. Once these people have relatively more stable non-agricultural income, land is no longer its primary living guarantee and thus they are more willing to transfer its land to gain certain compensation. 2) The number of household labor force can result in an opposite effect on land transfer, i.e., the more labor force, the more farmers reluctant to transfer its land. 3) The greater proportion of the agricultural income to the household income, the greater reliance on agriculture farmers, and thus more reluctant to transfer its land. 4) Household size and the number of agricultural population do not accurately reflect

  3. Skarn Mineral and Stable Isotopic Characteristics of Tonglushan Cu-Fe Deposit in Hubei Province%湖北大冶铜绿山铜铁矿床夕卡岩矿物学及碳氧硫同位素特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵海杰; 谢桂青; 魏克涛; 柯于富

    2012-01-01

    The Tonglushan Cu-Fe deposit, located in the southeastern Hubei Province, is a large skarn deposit. Its wall-rock consists of the Triassic marble and dolomitic marble. This caused the development of calcium and magnesium complex skarn mineral assemblages, including garnet, pyroxene, hornblende, epidote, phlogopite et al. This paper describes the characteristics and occurrences of minerals from each mineralization stage, then analyses their compositions using electron microprobe. Garnets formed in three stages and vary from grossular to andradite from early to late in composition. Garnet and epidote of oscillatory zoning imply the concentration of Fe increased gradually during the evolution. Pyroxenes belong to diopside. Amphiboles consist of tremolite, pargasite and slight actinolite. The ratio of Mn/Fe of garnet and pyroxene may be related to mineral metals. The deposit has the positive and relatively narrow δ34SV_CDT values, between 0. 6 %c ~ 3. 8 %c. δ13CV_PDBvalues of calcites from quartz-sulfide stage vary from -2.9 ‰ ~ 6. 3 ‰, δ18OSMOW values change between 9. 6‰ and 12. 6‰, but these two values in post-ore calcites are obviously increased, with -0. 9‰ ~ 1. 3‰ of δCV_PDB value and 15. 2‰ ~ 17. 3 ‰c of δ18OSMOW values, tend to the values of wall rock. The studies indicated that sulfur and carbon in mineralization stage derived from magmatic source, but carbon in carbonate stage possibly produced exchange interaction with the strata.%湖北大冶铜绿山铜铁矿床是长江中下游西段鄂东南矿集区一个大型夕卡岩矿床.围岩为三叠系大理岩及白云质大理岩,决定了其发育丰富的钙镁质复合夕卡岩矿物组合,包括石榴子石、辉石、角闪石、绿帘石、金云母、绿泥石等.本文详细描述了夕卡岩不同阶段矿物的特征,并对矿物进行了电子探针分析(EPMA)及碳、氧、硫稳定同位素研究.结果表明石榴子石形成于三期,成分上属于钙铝—钙

  4. Community structures of phytoplankton and their relationships with environmental factors in the Jinshahe Reservoir, Hubei Province%湖北金沙河水库浮游植物群落结构及其与水环境因子的关系∗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张云; 马徐发; 郭飞飞; 李建柱; 熊邦喜

    2015-01-01

    In order to evaluate the water quality of drinking water resource in the middle reaches of the Changjiang River, phyto-plankton community structures and their diversities were investigated seasonally from August, 2013 to April, 2014 in the Jinshahe Reservoir, Hubei Province. Meanwhile, multivariate statistics was used to analyze the relationships between phytoplankton assem-blages and environmental variables. The results showed that there were total of 216 species of phytoplankton belonging to 8 phyla and 94 genera. Chlorophyta which made up of 51. 39% of the total numbers of the species was the dominant group, followed by Bacillariophyta and Cyanophyta. Dominant species varied in different seasons. In summer, the ecological dominance of Synedra acus was the highest (0. 195), and in autumn, Phormidium tenus (0. 180) and Raphidiopsis sinensia (0. 171) had the highest ecological dominance. In winter, Cyclotella stelligera (0. 220) and Dinobryon cylindricum (0. 234) had the highest ecological dominance, and Achanthidum catenatum was the absolute dominant species with its ecological dominance of 0. 910. In general, Cyanophyta, Bacillariophyta and Chlorophyta were dominant groups in summer, and Cyanophyta, Bacillariophyta, Chlorophyta and Cryptophyta were dominant groups in autumn. Bacillariophyta and Chrysophyta were dominant groups in winter, and Bacillariophy-ta was the absolute dominant group in spring. Biodiversity indices showed that phytoplankton had higher values of the Shannon-Wiener diversity and the Pielou diversity in autumn, but the lowest values in spring because the absolute dominant species appeared in spring other than in autumn. In addition, the highest value of Margalef diversity occurred in autumn because of its larger number of species. Redundancy analysis was used to analyze the relationships between the dominant species in each season and the envi-ronmental factors filtered by Pearson correlation analysis. The results showed that phosphate, total

  5. A Study on Relationship of Social Capital, Health and Happiness among Rural Elderly in China ---Empirical Analysis Based on Survey Data in Hubei and Henan Province%农村老人社会资本、健康与幸福感的关系研究——基于湖北、河南农村老人的实证分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛新东; 程明梅

    2012-01-01

    The population ageing in China is occurring rapidly. About 60% of old populations are living in ru- ral China. They not only face the problem of low income caused by the incomplete coverage of pension system, but also have serious problems of health deterioration, anxiety and suicide. How to improve the health and happiness of rural elderly have become the top concerns of Chinese government. This paper aims to study the relationship of social capital, health and happiness among rural elderly in China. Although there are abundant studies abroad, there are few studies in China, especially on rural elderly. Based on the survey data conducted in Hubei and Henan Province from October 2009 to February 2010, this paper use Or- dered Logit Model to study the relationship of social capital, health and happiness and inherent mechanism. Follow- ing the method put forward by Harpham, Grant & Thomas (2002), we categorize social capital into cognitive and structural. Cognitive social capital includes social trust and religious belief. Structural social capital includes party membership, social support and social participation. We analyze the data from following perspectives: Firstly, this paper studies the relationship between different types of social capital and self-reported health sta- tus. We find that social trust, party membership and social participation are important factors. Higher social trust and higher social participation are associated with better self-reported health status (β = 0. 365 ; p 〈 0. 1 and fl = 0. 726 ; p 〈 0. 05 ). Party membership is also associated with better health (β = 1. 333 ; p 〈 0.01 ). We further find that variables such as education, job status, living arrangements are positively related to social capital and they af- fect self-reported health mainly through social trust and social participation. Secondly, this paper studies the relationship between different types of social capital and happiness. We find that higher social trust and

  6. 湖北省宜昌市登革热防治知识健康教育干预效果评价%The effect evaluation of health education intervention of Dengue fever prevention and control in Yichang City,Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋静; 徐勇; 杨小兵; 张皓

    2012-01-01

    目的 为了解湖北省宜昌市居民对登革热相关防治知识的知晓情况,评价登革热防治知识健康教育干预效果,为制定有效的健康教育策略提供依据.方法 采用多阶段随机抽样的方法选择调查对象,采取集中健康教育和一对一入户健康教育,将健康教育前、后问卷调查结果进行统计学比较.结果 调查对象在健康教育后的知、信、行各方面知晓率与之前相比有显著性提高.健康教育前人群对登革热相关知识的知晓率最低项仅20.4%,健康教育后对各项知识的知晓率均高于84.6%,对登革热的传播媒介、病原体及临床表现等方面的知晓率明显提高,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05);健康教育前人群的相关行为形成率各项中最高仅78.8%,健康教育后形成率各项中最低为79.0%,在基本防蚊措施、居住环境的维护、就医及预防态度上差异均有统计学意义(P<0.01);健康教育前,相关知识获取途径主要依靠电视、网络、广播(59.0%),健康教育后,获取途径主要依靠小区宣传栏(84.0%).结论 以集中健康教育结合一对一入户健康教育的方式对城市小区居民实施健康教育,提高了普通人群对登革热相关知识的认知水平,以及在流行季节对该病的重视程度.%Objective To understand the awareness rate of knowledge about Dengue fever of Yichang City, Hu-bei Province, evaluate the result of health education intervention, and explore the strategies of health education and health promotion for the prevention of Dengue fever. Methods Sample was selected via multi-stage random sampling method. City residents were proceeding co-education and one by one education respectively, and then analysed the datas of before and after education. Results The awareness rate of knowledge of health was different significantly before and after education. By health education, the lowest awareness rate was increased from 20. 4% to

  7. 我国城镇居民社会成就归因实证研究——以湖北省利川市为例%Empirical Study on Social Achievement-contribution of Urban Residents in China--A Case Study in Lichuan City, Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李达

    2011-01-01

    自1958年美国心理学家弗里茨·海德创立了归因理论后,关于成就归因的研究已经日趋成为各个学科关注的焦点。在总结回顾国内外有关归因研究文献的基础上,以湖北省利川市市民样本数据为依据,采用定量分析的方法进行研究。通过对社会成就归因数据的因子分析,得出了我国城镇居民社会成就归因的二维分类,即内归因倾向的个人因素归因和外归因倾向的家庭社会因素归因。通过对社会成就归因数据的多元回归分析,得出了我国城镇居民:性别、年龄、户口类型以及婚姻状况对内在个人素质因子和外在家庭社会因子均没有显著性影响;受教育程度、年总收入对内在个人素质因子和外在家庭社会因子均有不同程度与不同范围的显著影响。通过线性回归模型的建立,解释了我国城镇居民社会成就归因的影响因素和现状以及社会开放性和公平程度,并得出有意义的结论:城镇居民的性别公平、户籍公平已经逐步走向完善与成熟;人力资本和经济状况仍然影响着城镇居民的归因态度和倾向;城镇居民倾向于对获得社会成就来说内外因素都首要。%Since American psychologist Heider established Contribution Theory in 1985, studies on achievement -contribution have become the focus in every academic field. Based on the literature review from both home and abroad, this paper adopted quantitative analysis on the samples from Lichuan citizens, Hubei Province. Through the factorial analysis on social achievement-contributlon data, this paper obtained the two-dimensional classification of social achievement-contribution: personal factor-contribution and social-family factor-contribution. With the help of multiple regression analysis of data collected, this paper drew the conclusion that sex, age, household-register-type and marital status have no significant effect on both

  8. Supercontinental inheritance and its influence on supercontinental breakup: The Central Atlantic Magmatic Province and the breakup of Pangea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whalen, Lisa; Gazel, Esteban; Vidito, Christopher; Puffer, John; Bizimis, Michael; Henika, William; Caddick, Mark J.

    2015-10-01

    The Central Atlantic Magmatic Province (CAMP) is the large igneous province (LIP) that coincides with the breakup of the supercontinent Pangea. Major and trace element data, Sr-Nd-Pb radiogenic isotopes, and high-precision olivine chemistry were collected on primitive CAMP dikes from Virginia (VA). These new samples were used in conjunction with a global CAMP data set to elucidate different mechanisms for supercontinent breakup and LIP formation. On the Eastern North American Margin, CAMP flows are found primarily in rift basins that can be divided into northern or southern groups based on differences in tectonic evolution, rifting history, and supercontinental inheritance. Geochemical signatures of CAMP suggest an upper mantle source modified by subduction processes. We propose that the greater number of accretionary events, or metasomatism by sediment melts as opposed to fluids on the northern versus the southern Laurentian margin during the formation of Pangea led to different subduction-related signatures in the mantle source of the northern versus southern CAMP lavas. CAMP samples have elevated Ni and low Ca in olivine phenocrysts indicating a significant pyroxenite component in the source, interpreted here as a result of subduction metasomatism. Different collisional styles during the Alleghanian orogeny in the North and South may have led to the diachroneity of the rifting of Pangea. Furthermore, due to a low angle of subduction, the Rheic Plate may have underplated the lithosphere then delaminated, triggering both the breakup of Pangea and the formation of CAMP.

  9. Spatial Provinces and Domains of the Central Valley for Textural Analysis

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This digital dataset contains the 9 major areas used to subdivide the Central Valley for the interpolation of the percentage of coarse-grained deposits into the...

  10. Tuberculosis case--finding and treatment in the central prison of Qazvin province, Islamic Republic of Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Assefzadeh, M; Barghi, R Gh; Shahidi, Sh S

    2009-01-01

    As a part of a comprehensive programme of tuberculosis (TB) control in the central prison in Qazvin, Islamic Republic of Iran, a programme of active case-finding was carried out from February 2004 to July 2005. From the 768 prisoners examined, 41 (5.3%) were suspected of TB and gave sputum samples. A total of 7 smear-positive TB cases were found, giving a TB prevalence in the prison of 910 per 100,000, 113 times the total TB prevalence in Qazvin province in the same year. From 7 diagnosed and treated patients, 4 were cured with the category 1 standard regimen, 1 completed treatment and 2 failed to complete treatment. Improvements are needed in TB case recognition of prisoners, especially newcomers.

  11. Effect of an Educational Intervention Related to Health and Nutrition on Pregnant Women in the Villages of Central Java Province, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wijaya-Erhardt, Maria; Muslimatun, Siti; Erhardt, Juergen G.

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To assess the effects of a health and nutrition educational intervention on maternal knowledge, attitudes and practices. Design: Pre- and post-test design using structured interviews of pregnant women. Setting: Thirty-nine villages in Central Java Province, Indonesia. Method: Pregnant women (N = 252) at 12-20 weeks of gestation were…

  12. Study on Regional Difference of Tourism Economy in Six Provinces in Central China%中部六省旅游经济差异研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁龙; 周正一

    2012-01-01

    In this article,through the six provinces in central China tourism data from 2001to 2010,to analysis the central tourism development situation.The conclude that the central tourism development to benefit more than bandits,the rise of the central region strategy promote the middle six province tourism's development,but each province level of development is different,Present absolute difference is wedening and relatively difference is slow decline;six province of domestic tourism development momentum is very good,and international tourism market needs to be strengthened.%通过2001-2010年中部六省旅游数据分析中部旅游业的发展状况,认为中部旅游业在中部崛起战略中获益匪多。中部崛起战略的提出促进了中部六省旅游业的发展,但各个省的发展程度有所不同,呈现出绝对差异在拉大,相对差异缓慢下降的趋势;中部六省国内旅游发展势头良好,而国际旅游市场需求有待加强。

  13. Effect of an Educational Intervention Related to Health and Nutrition on Pregnant Women in the Villages of Central Java Province, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wijaya-Erhardt, Maria; Muslimatun, Siti; Erhardt, Juergen G.

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To assess the effects of a health and nutrition educational intervention on maternal knowledge, attitudes and practices. Design: Pre- and post-test design using structured interviews of pregnant women. Setting: Thirty-nine villages in Central Java Province, Indonesia. Method: Pregnant women (N = 252) at 12-20 weeks of gestation were…

  14. Volcano-tectonics of the Al Haruj Volcanic Province, Central Libya

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elshaafi, Abdelsalam; Gudmundsson, Agust

    2016-10-01

    The Al Haruj intra-continental Volcanic Province (AHVP), located at the south-western margin of the Sirt Basin, hosts the most extensive and recent volcanic activity in Libya - which is considered typical for plate interiors. From north to south the AHVP is divided into two subprovinces, namely Al Haruj al Aswad and Al Haruj al Abiyad. The total area of the AHVP is around 42,000 km2. Despite the great size of the AHVP, its volcano-tectonic evolution and activity have received very little attention and are poorly documented and understood. Here we present new field data, and analytical and numerical results, on the volcano-tectonics of the AHVP. The length/thickness ratio of 47 dykes and volcanic fissures were measured to estimate magmatic overpressure at the time of eruption. The average dyke (length/thickness) ratio of 421 indicates magmatic overpressures during the associate fissure eruptions of 8-19 MPa (depending on host-rock elastic properties). Spatial distributions of 432 monogenetic eruptions sites/points (lava shields, pyroclastic cones) in the AHVP reveal two main clusters, one in the south and another in the north. Aligned eruptive vents show the dominating strike of volcanic fissures/feeder-dykes as WNW-ESE to NW-SE, coinciding with the orientation of one of main fracture/fault zones. Numerical modelling and field observations suggest that some feeder-dykes may have used steeply dipping normal-fault zones as part of their paths to the surface.

  15. Leishmaniasis in Central Morocco: Seasonal Fluctuations of Phlebotomine Sand Fly in Aichoun Locality, from Sefrou Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatima Zahra Talbi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Cutaneous leishmaniases (CL are endemic in Morocco. They are common in the human population in different localities such as Aichoun in Sefrou province, Morocco. This study was carried out in Aichoun locality from April to October 2012 in order to study the spatiotemporal trends of the main Leishmania phlebotomine vectors in this focus. Overall, 1171 sand flies, belonging to four species, were collected by sticky traps. Phlebotomus sergenti was the predominant species (78.4% followed by Ph. perniciosus (10.5%, Ph. papatasi (7.94%, and Ph. longicuspis (3.16%. Sandflies were active during 6 months (May–October. Ph. sergenti, Ph. perniciosus, and Ph. papatasi displayed a bimodal distribution with a first peak in July and a second peak in September, while Ph. longicuspis showed a monophasic trend with a peak in August. The high abundance and the lengthy period of activity of Ph. sergenti and Ph. perniciosus, vectors of L. tropica and L. infantum, respectively, are a cause for concern as they indicate the high potential risk of Leishmania transmission in the studied areas.

  16. Immunity to diphtheria and tetanus among blood donors in Arak, central province of Iran.

    OpenAIRE

    Ali Eslamifar; Amitis Ramezani; Mohammad Banifazl; Masoomeh Sofian; Fatemeh-Alsadat Mahdaviani; Farhad Yaghmaie; Arezoo Aghakhani

    2014-01-01

    Background and Objectives Tetanus and diphtheria are vaccine-preventable, infectious diseases with significant morbidity and mortality. Immunization by the diphtheria and tetanus toxoid (DT) has been applied in Iran for almost 50 years. However, there are very few data about the rate of immunity to these diseases in the adult population. the humoral immunity to tetanus and diphtheria among blood donors in Arak city, central provice of Iran were investigated. Patients & Methods A total of 530 ...

  17. 流动人口的住房选择及其影响因素研究--基于2012年湖北省流动人口动态监测数据的分析%Research on Housing Choice for Floating Population and Its Influential Factors -Analysis of Dynamic Data Based on the Survey on the Floating Population in Hubei Province in 2012

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石智雷; 薛文玲

    2014-01-01

    Based on the data of a survey on floating population in Hubei Province in 2012, this paper analyzes the situation of the housing character and housing rent of the floating population in the inflow places and analyzes the influential factors of floating population on housing choices by multinominal logistic model. The research results show that currently China’ s floating population’ s affordable capacity for the housing is low, that the majority of the floating population rent affordable housing, however, with the rising of the average family ’ s culture level, the floating population are more inclined to buy their own housing, that the larger the scope of the floating population floats, the higher the housing price for the floating population is inclined to rent, and that the larger the number of the floating population is, the higher the possibility for the floating population to buy their own housing or to rent high price housing is. In addition, there is certain difference in the aspect of housing choice of the floating population in the cities with different sizes.%依据2012年湖北省流动人口动态监测数据,分析流动人口在流入地的住房性质和住房租金状况,并运用多项logistic模型对流动人口住房选择的影响因素进行分析,研究结果表明:目前,我国流动人口住房支付能力低,多数选择租住低价房;但随着家庭平均文化程度的提升,流动人口更倾向于选择自有住房;流动人口的流动范围越大,越倾向于选择租住高价房;随迁人数越多的流动人口选择自有住房或租住高价房的概率越高。此外,不同规模城市的流动人口在住房选择方面也有一定的差异性。

  18. Political Guidance Research on Universities’ Communist Youth League Under “Micro Era” Background---Taking Wechat of Seven Universities in Hubei Province as an Example%“微时代”背景下高校共青团微信建设现状与思考--以湖北省7所高校共青团微信为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘佳; 陈培璐

    2016-01-01

    “微时代”不仅改变了高校共青团思想政治引领的外部环境,同时也对高校共青团思想政治引领提出新的挑战和要求。微信作为“微时代”背景下高校共青团思想政治引领的重要传播媒介,在教育引导、组织动员、服务青年成长等方面发挥重要作用。从高校共青团微信的内在属性出发,基于高校共青团微信的名称设计、栏目结构、话语体系和更新频度等视角,对湖北7所高校共青团微信建设情况进行内容分析和实证研究。研究认为,高校共青团运用拟人化的命名手段、多样化的栏目结构、青年化的话语表达、专业化的管理机制等多种方法,增强高校共青团微信的文化吸引力、群体感染力和思想影响力,这对高校青年理想信念教育和思想文化建构的逻辑产生了重大影响。%“Micro era” has not only changed the external environment of ideological and political guidance of u-niversities’ Communist Youth League ( CYL) , but also brings new challenges to this work. Wechat, as impor-tant media of ideological and political guidance in universities, plays a critical role in education and guidance, mobilization, and service. From the intrinsic properties of CYL Wechat, and based on the name design, the col-umn structure, the discourse system and the update frequency, Wechat construction of seven universities’ CYL in Hubei province is analyzed and empirically researched. Studies suggest that the use of anthropomorphic na-ming means, diversified column structure, youthful discourse expression and professional management mecha-nism help enhance the cultural appeal, the group appeal and ideological influence of CYL’ s Wechat, which has a significant impact on students’ ideal and faith education and logic of ideological and cultural construction.

  19. Affects of mining activities on Cd pollution to the paddy soils and rice grain in Hunan province, Central South China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Du, Yan; Hu, Xue-Feng; Wu, Xiao-Hong; Shu, Ying; Jiang, Ying; Yan, Xiao-Juan

    2013-12-01

    Located in Central South China, Hunan province is rich in mineral resources. To study the influence of mining on Cd pollution to local agricultural eco-system, the paddy soils and rice grain of Y county in northern Hunan province were intensively monitored. The results were as follows: (1) Total Cd (T-Cd) content in the soils of the county ranges from 0.13 to 6.02 mg kg(-1), with a mean of 0.64 mg kg(-1), of which 57.5% exceed the allowable limit specified by the China Soil Environmental Quality Standards. T-Cd in the soils varies largely, with the coefficient of variation reaching 146.4%. The spatial distribution of T-Cd in the soils quite matches with that of mining and industries. The content of HCl-extractable Cd (HCl-Cd) in the soils ranges from 0.02 to 2.17 mg kg(-1), with a mean of 0.24 mg kg(-1). A significant positive correlation exists between T-Cd and HCl-Cd in the soils (r = 0.770, ρ soils (r = 0.091, ρ > 0.05), which suggests that the amount of Cd accumulating in the rice is more affected by its availability in the soils, rather than the total content. (4) The dietary intake of Cd via rice consumption in Y county is estimated to be 179.9 μg day(-1) person(-1) on average, which is far beyond the allowable limit specified by FAO/WHO and the target hazard quotients of Cd much higher than 1, suggesting the high risk on human health from Cd exposure.

  20. 建设“创新湖北”的科技金融人才培养研究%A Study on Scientific-and-Technological-Finance Personnel Training of Building "Innovation in Hubei"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段世德

    2014-01-01

    Scientific -and-Technological -Finance Personnel training concerns the success and failure of building "innovation in Hubei".Currently, there is a huge gap between the reality need and Scientific -and-Technological -Finance Personnel training in Hubei province .It needs innovation combining the shortage of personnel training , to facilitate the elevation and promotion of Scientific -and -Technological -Finance Personnel training and create the Brand of Scientific -and -Technological -Finance Personnel training of Hubei by giving full play to various social forces , with the aim to promote the development of scientific and technological finance in Hubei Provence and promote building "innovation in Hubei".%科技金融人才的培养关系到“创新湖北”建设的成败,目前湖北省科技金融人才的培养与现实需要之间存在巨大的差距。因此,需要结合当前人才培养的不足进行创新,充分发挥各种社会力量来促进科技金融人才培养的改进与提升,打造湖北科技金融人才培养的品牌,从而推动湖北省科技金融的发展,推动“创新湖北”的建设。

  1. Ecological factors associated with dengue fever in a central highlands Province, Vietnam

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    Phan Thao TT

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Dengue is a leading cause of severe illness and hospitalization in Vietnam. This study sought to elucidate the linkage between climate factors, mosquito indices and dengue incidence. Methods Monthly data on dengue cases and mosquito larval indices were ascertained between 2004 and 2008 in the Dak Lak province (Vietnam. Temperature, sunshine, rainfall and humidity were also recorded as monthly averages. The association between these ecological factors and dengue was assessed by the Poisson regression model with adjustment for seasonality. Results During the study period, 3,502 cases of dengue fever were reported. Approximately 72% of cases were reported from July to October. After adjusting for seasonality, the incidence of dengue fever was significantly associated with the following factors: higher household index (risk ratio [RR]: 1.66; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.62-1.70 per 5% increase, higher container index (RR: 1.78; 95% CI: 1.73-1.83 per 5% increase, and higher Breteau index (RR: 1.57; 95% CI: 1.53-1.60 per 5 unit increase. The risk of dengue was also associated with elevated temperature (RR: 1.39; 95% CI: 1.25-1.55 per 2°C increase, higher humidity (RR: 1.59; 95% CI: 1.51-1.67 per 5% increase, and higher rainfall (RR: 1.13; 95% CI: 1.21-1.74 per 50 mm increase. The risk of dengue was inversely associated with duration of sunshine, the number of dengue cases being lower as the sunshine increases (RR: 0.76; 95% CI: 0.73-0.79 per 50 hours increase. Conclusions These data suggest that indices of mosquito and climate factors are main determinants of dengue fever in Vietnam. This finding suggests that the global climate change will likely increase the burden of dengue fever infection in Vietnam, and that intensified surveillance and control of mosquito during high temperature and rainfall seasons may be an important strategy for containing the burden of dengue fever.

  2. Human population structure of the Costa Rican Central Provinces. An evaluation through isonymic methods

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    Andrés E Sáenz

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Se analiza la estructura de varias poblaciones humanas de las provincias centrales de Costa Rica mediante métodos isonímicos y utilizando los Padrones Electorales (1990 y 2006. Se estimaron cuatro parámetros que definen, en un contexto genético y evolutivo, esta estructura: la consanguinidad por cruces aleatorios (a-priori Kinship de Morton ii, el aislamiento genético (Fisher, la migración (Karlin-McGregor y el grado de subdivisión o diferenciación de las poblaciones (Fst. La posible distribución geográfica de estas variables se muestra utilizando un análisis de componentes principales. Existe una coincidencia entre grupos de cantones obtenidos por similitud en diversidad de apellidos y la localización geográfica de los mismos en el territorio. Se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en los valores obtenidos para los componentes de consanguinidad (F=15.6; p<0.05 y aislamiento genético (F=14.38; p<0.05 entre diferentes sectores de las provincias centrales. Existe una asociación entre la densidad poblacional y la quiebra de aislados genéticos y otra posible asociación entre la geografía de la región y los patrones de migración de individuos y los consecuentes niveles de endocruzamiento y aislamiento genético. Las diferencias en los valores de los componentes de consanguinidad y aislamiento entre diferentes zonas del territorio central permiten suponer la existencia de diferencias en frecuencias génicas. La migración de bloques de genes del centro a la periferia también es posible y la variación en este sentido podría atribuirse principalmente a cambios en los componentes de la estructura poblacional: patrones de cruces, migración y la consecuencia del tamaño efectivo de población en procesos de deriva genética.

  3. Water and gas geochemistry of the Calatrava Volcanic Province (CVP) hydrothermal system (Ciudad Real, central Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaselli, Orlando; Nisi, Barbara; Tassi, Franco; Giannini, Luciano; Grandia, Fidel; Darrah, Tom; Capecchiacci, Francesco; del Villar, Pèrez

    2013-04-01

    An extensive geochemical and isotopic investigation was carried out in the water and gas discharges of the Late Miocene-Quaternary Calatrava Volcanic Province (CVP) (Ciudad Real, Spain) with the aim reconstruct the fluid circulation in the area. CVP consists of a series of scattered (monogenetic) vents from where alkaline lava flows and pyroclastic deposits formed in two different periods. The first stage (8.7-6.4 Ma) mainly included ultra-potassic mafic extrusives, whilst the second stage (4.7-1.75 Ma) prevalently originated alkaline and ultra-alkaline volcanics. Both stages were followed by a volcanic activity that extended up to 1.3 and 0.7 Ma, respectively. This area can likely be regarded as one of the most important emitting zones of CO2 in the whole Peninsular Spain along with that of Selva-Emporda in northeastern Spain (Cataluña) and it can be assumed as one of the best examples of natural analogues of CO2 leakages in Spain. This latter aspect is further evidenced by the relatively common water-gas blast events that characterize the CCVF. In the last few years the presence of a CO2-pressurized reservoir at a relatively shallow level as indeed caused several small-sized explosion particularly during the drilling of domestic wells. The fluid discharging sites are apparently aligned along well-defined directions: NW-SE and NNW-SSE and subordinately, ENE-WSW, indicating a clear relationship between the thermal discharges and the volcanic centers that also distribute along these lineaments. The CVP waters are mostly hypothermal (up to 33 °C) and are generally Mg(Ca)-HCO3 in composition and occasionally show relatively high concentrations of Fe and Mn, with pH and electrical conductivity down to 5.5 and up to 6.5 mS/cm, respectively. The oxygen and hydrogen isotopes suggest a meteoric origin for these waters. The mantle source of these volcanic products is apparently preserved in the many CO2-rich (up to 990,000 mmol/mol) gas discharges that characterize CVP

  4. Factor weighting in DRASTIC modelling for assessing the groundwater vulnerability in Salatiga groundwater basin, Central Java Province, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kesuma, D. A.; Purwanto, P.; Putranto, T. T.; Rahmani, T. P. D.

    2017-06-01

    The increase in human population as well as area development in Salatiga Groundwater Basin, Central Java Province, will increase the potency of groundwater contamination in that area. Groundwater quality, especially the shallow groundwater, is very vulnerable to the contamination from industrial waste, fertilizer/agricultural waste, and domestic waste. The first step in the conservation of groundwater quality is by conducting the mapping of the groundwater vulnerability zonation against the contamination. The result of this research was groundwater vulnerability map which showed the areas vulnerable to the groundwater contamination. In this study, groundwater vulnerability map was assessed based on the DRASTIC Method and was processed spatially using Geographic Information System. The DRASTIC method is used to assess the level of groundwater vulnerability based on weighting on seven parameters, which are: depth to the water table (D), recharge (R), aquifer material (A), soil media (S), topography (T), impact of vadose zone (I), and hydraulic conductivity (C). The higher the DRASTIC Index will result in the higher vulnerability level of groundwater contamination in that area. The DRASTIC Indexes in the researched area were 85 - 100 (low vulnerability level), 101 -120 (low to moderate vulnerability level), 121 - 140 (moderate vulnerability level), 141 - 150, (moderate to high vulnerability level), and 151 - 159 (high vulnerability level). The output of this study can be used by local authority as a tool for consideration to arrange the policy for sustainable area development, especially the development in an area affecting the quality of Salatiga Groundwater Basin.

  5. THE DIMENSION OF COOPERATIVISM AND DAIRY CATTLE FARMING IN GETASAN VILLAGE, SEMARANG REGENCY, CENTRAL JAVA PROVINCE, INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Gayatri

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The study was aimed to explore the role of cooperativism in dairy cattle farming in Getasan village,Semarang Regency, Central Java Province. Spearman Rank Correlation test was used to determine therelationship between cooperativism and the performance of dairy cattle farming. Based on the results ofthe Spearman Rank correlation test, feeds and feeding practices were significantly correlated withsharing of knowledge and information and sharing of resources. However, no significant relationshipwas found between participation in decision making and feeds and feeding practices. Meanwhile, therewere significant relationships amog sharing of knowledge and information, sharing of resources, andparticipation in decision making and milk production in Getasan Village. The dairy health asperformance indicator of dairy cattle farming, sharing of knowledge and information was the onlysignificant factor. Sharing of resources and participation in decision making had no significantrelationship with dairy health. As regards marketing, the test showed that sharing of knowledge andinformation, sharing of resources, and participation in decision making were significantly relatedfactors. This study indicated that cooperativism may provide opportunities for farmers to accessservices, information and resources that will allow them to improve their capacities in these areas. Thisstudy also proposed some recommendations that the cooperatives should promote activities encouraginggreater cooperation and mutual understanding among the members. Skills trainings and education forempowerment should be conducted to encourage participation in decision making.

  6. Wives' attitudes toward gender roles and their experience of intimate partner violence by husbands in Central Province, Sri Lanka.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jayatilleke, Achini; Poudel, Krishna C; Sakisaka, Kayako; Yasuoka, Junko; Jayatilleke, Achala Upendra; Jimba, Masamine

    2011-02-01

    The authors conducted a community based, cross-sectional study to describe the prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV) by husbands and the association between wives' attitudes toward gender roles and their experience of IPV in Central Province, Sri Lanka. This article included a representative sample of 624 wives between 15 and 49 years of age and examined the prevalence of physical, psychological, and sexual abuse. Then, using multivariate logistic regression analysis, the authors examined the association between wives' attitudes toward gender roles and IPV. Of the 624 wives, 36% had experienced at least one episode of physical, psychological, or sexual abuse by their husbands during their life time (ever abuse), and 19% had experienced such abuse during the past 12 months (current abuse). The wives were less likely to experience current abuse by husbands if they believed that "outsiders should not intervene to protect abused wives." They were more likely to experience ever and current isolated psychological abuse by husbands if they did not believe that "a good wife always obeys her husband." This study suggests that the prevalence of IPV is high in Sri Lanka. Although several published studies on IPV suggest that traditional gender role attitudes tend to increase women's vulnerability to IPV, this study suggests that in Sri Lanka, the wives who respect cultural norms tend to experience less IPV by husbands.

  7. Identification of Malassezia Species Isolated from Patients with Pityriasis Versicolor Using PCR-RFLP Method in Markazi Province, Central Iran.

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    Mojtaba Didehdar

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The lipophilic yeasts of Malassezia species are members of the normal skin microbial that are cause of pityriasis versicolor. Pityriasis versicolor is a common superficial fungal infection with world-wide distribution. The phenotypic methods for identification of Malassezia species usually are time consuming and unreliable to differentiate newly identified species. But DNA-based techniques rapidly and accurately identified Malassezia species. The purpose of this study was isolation and identification of Malassezia Species from patients with pityriasis versicolor by molecular methods in Markazi Province, Central Iran in 2012.Mycologic examinations including direct microscopy and culture were performed on clinical samples. DNA extraction was performed from colonies. The ITS1 region of rDNA from isolates of Malassezia species were amplified by PCR reaction. The PCR were digested by Cfo I enzyme.From 70 skin samples, were microscopically positive for Malassezia elements, 60 samples were grown on culture medium (85.7%. Using PCR-RFLP method, that was performed on 60 isolates, 37(61.6% M. globosa, 14(23.3% M. furfur, 5(8.4% M. sympodialis and 4(6.7% M. restrictawere identified. In one case was isolated M. globosa along with M. restricta.The PCR-RFLP method is a useful and reliable technique for identification of differentiation of Malas-sezia species.

  8. Relating vegetation condition to grazing management systems in the central Keiskamma catchment, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kakembo, Vincent; Ndou, Naledzani

    2017-04-01

    An investigation of the temporal changes in vegetation condition across the communal villages of the central Keiskamma catchment, Eastern Cape Province, in relation to local grazing management systems was conducted. Landsat TM images of 1984 and 1999, in conjunction with SPOT imagery of 2011 were used to assess the spatial trends in vegetation. Information regarding the functionality of local grazing management structures was obtained through structured interviews. Vegetation condition was related to grazing management systems using the logistic regression in Idrisi Selva remote sensing software. Analysis of vegetation condition trends revealed a consistent deterioration of vegetation condition in villages with weak grazing management systems. A statistically significant correlation between vegetation condition and grazing management systems was identified. High levels of vegetation degradation were associated with villages that did not adhere to sound grazing management practices. The introduction of another layer governance in the form of elected municipal committees weakened traditional village management structures. Strengthening traditional management committees should be the point of departure for vegetation restoration.

  9. Impact of Implementation of Direct Cash Transfer Program 2008/2009 on Household Consumption in Central Java Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Subanti, S.; Hakim, A. R.; Hakim, I. M.

    2017-04-01

    This study aims to see the impact of direct cash transfer program for 2008/2009 on household consumption of food, nonfood, education, and health in Central Java Province. The study is expected to provide important findings for the improvement of a similar program in the future. This study findings that (1) the increasing in food and non-food consumption for direct cash transfer recipients than non direct cash transfer recipients; (2) the impact of households expenditure on education for direct cash transfer recipients is higher than non direct cash transfer recipients; (3) the impact of households expenditure on health for direct cash transfer recipients is lower than non direct cash transfer recipients. This study recommended that (1) implementation of direct cash transfer program 2008/2009 must be managed to be better because this program can defend household welfare. It shows from several indicators of well-being such as consumption spending, education, and health; (2) data targets for poor households (very poor, poor, nearly poor) must be updated.

  10. Effects of the floods on dysentery in north central region of Henan Province, China from 2004 to 2009.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ni, Wei; Ding, Guoyong; Li, Yifei; Li, Hongkai; Liu, Qiyong; Jiang, Baofa

    2014-11-01

    Zhengzhou, Kaifeng and Xinxiang, the cities in the north central region of Henan Province, suffered from many times floods from 2004 to 2009. We focused on dysentery disease consequences of floods and examined the association between floods and the morbidity of dysentery, based on a longitudinal data. A generalized additive mixed model was conducted to examine the relationship between the monthly morbidity of dysentery and floods from 2004 to 2009 in the study areas. The relative risks (RRs) of the floods risk on the morbidity of dysentery were estimated in each city and the whole region. The RRs on dysentery were 11.47 (95% CI: 8.67-15.33), 1.35 (95% CI: 1.23-3.90) and 2.75 (95% CI: 1.36-4.85) in Kaifeng, Xinxiang and Zhengzhou, respectively. The RR on dysentery in the whole region was 1.66 (95% CI: 1.52-1.82). Our study confirms that flooding has significantly increased the risk of dysentery in the study areas. Additionally, we observed that a sudden and severe flooding can contribute more risk to the morbidity of dysentery than a persistent and moderate flooding. Our findings have significant implications for developing strategies to prevent and reduce health impact of floods. Copyright © 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  11. THE ANALYSIS OF BEEF CATTLE SUBSYSTEM AGRIBUSINESS IMPLEMENTATION IN CENTRAL JAVA PROVINCE, INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Ekowati

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The study aimed to analyze the implementation of subsystem agribusiness on the beef cattle farming in Central Java. Five districts (Rembang, Blora, Grobogan, Boyolali and Wonogiri were purposively chosen based on the value of Location Quotient (LQ. The study was conducted using quota sampling method. Forty respondents of each district were chosen randomly using quota sampling. Data were analyzed through Structural Equation Model (SEM. The results showed that each subsystem agribusiness had adequate potential score. The score of 0.693, 0.721, 0.684, 0.626, and 0.691 were given for up-stream subsystem, on-farm, down-stream subsystem, marketing and supporting institution, respectively. The results showed that the SEM model was feasible with Chi-Square value=0.952; RMSEA=0.000; Probability =0.621 and TL1=1.126. The significant results of Critical Ratio (CR were: up-stream subsystem to the on-farm agribusiness; on-farm subsystem to down-stream agribusiness; down-stream subsystem to the farmer’s income; marketing subsystem to the up-stream agribusiness and Supporting Institution to the marketing subsystem and down-stream agribusiness. The conclusion of research indicated that the implementation of beef cattle subsystem agribusiness had adequate index and give positive effect to the beef cattle agribusiness.

  12. THE ANALYSIS OF BEEF CATTLE SUBSYSTEM AGRIBUSINESS IMPLEMENTATION IN CENTRAL JAVA PROVINCE, INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Ekowati

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The study aimed to analyze the implementation of subsystem agribusiness on the beef cattlefarming in Central Java. Five districts (Rembang, Blora, Grobogan, Boyolali and Wonogiri werepurposively chosen based on the value of Location Quotient (LQ. The study was conducted usingquota sampling method. Forty respondents of each district were chosen randomly using quota sampling.Data were analyzed through Structural Equation Model (SEM. The results showed that each subsystemagribusiness had adequate potential score. The score of 0.693, 0.721, 0.684, 0.626, and 0.691 were givenfor up-stream subsystem, on-farm, down-stream subsystem, marketing and supporting institution,respectively. The results showed that the SEM model was feasible with Chi-Square value=0.952;RMSEA=0.000; Probability =0.621 and TL1=1.126. The significant results of Critical Ratio (CR were:up-stream subsystem to the on-farm agribusiness; on-farm subsystem to down-stream agribusiness;down-stream subsystem to the farmer’s income; marketing subsystem to the up-stream agribusiness andSupporting Institution to the marketing subsystem and down-stream agribusiness. The conclusion ofresearch indicated that the implementation of beef cattle subsystem agribusiness had adequate index andgive positive effect to the beef cattle agribusiness.

  13. Shale Hydrocarbon Prospecting in the Central Part of the Volga-Ural Oil and Gas Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muslimov, Renat Kh.; Plotnikova, Irina N.

    2014-05-01

    Until now nobody has prospected or estimated the oil shale resources in Tatarstan, although the high-carbon rocks of Domanikoidtype often became an object of studies dedicated to assessment of the generation potential of liquid and gaseous hydrocarbons. The evaluation of oil-shale deposits in Tatarstan should base on the well-known geological, geochemical and technological criteria. The main, determining conditions for shale oil and gas deposit formation are the following: high content of organic matter (OM) in the rock, and its certain catagenetic maturity; special features of the mineral composition of rocks that contribute to the formation of fractures; and the presence of overlying and underlying impermeable dense strata that ensure the safety of hydrocarbons in the shale series. In Tatarstan, the development prospects of shale oil fields should be associated primarily with the rocks ofDomanikoid formations of Upper Devonian - such as Semiluksky (Domanik) horizon, as well asRechitsky (Mendymsky) horizon and Domanikoid formations of central and side areas of the Kama-Kinel trough system. Studies on Domanikwere started in the middle of the last century, when the Ural-Volga region experienced active interest for oil exploration. Then the research of Domanikoid series was carried out at the Department of Oil and Gas Geology, Kazan State University. Butback then the prospecting was not clearly associated with an estimate of shale oil resources. As revealed during rock geochemical studies of the rock, the average content of organic matter in deposits of Semiluksky and Mendymsky horizons is 8.35 and 2.56 % respectively, which is enough to takethese horizons as the main object of research and resource assessment. The presence of silica rocks and dense limestone in such a large proportion is a favorable factor in terms of assessing the effectiveness of fracturing. So we have a quite clear understanding of how to explore Domanik. In fact, the geological structure of our

  14. Dependable Flow and Flood Control Performance of Logung Dam, Central Java Province, Indonesia

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    Faza Ramadhani

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The change of land use in Mt. Muria area Central Java has been resulting in the significant sheet erosion of upstream watershed around Mt. Muria, followed by considerably high sedimentation on rivers downstream that lead to the reduction of cross sections of the rivers including Logung River. Such situation has been contributing the condition that downstream of Logung River is very potential to experience over flow and inundation to its surrounding area. An idea of constructing the Logung Dam was introduced in 1986 that aimed at reducing the aforementioned inundation. Besides, the development of Logung Dam was also aimed at fulfilling both irrigation and non-irrigation water demand. This paper presents the results of the analysis of the water availability and flood control performance of the Logung Dam. The dependable flow was analyzed by applying the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association (NRECA method in order to determine the low flow characteristics, whereas the identification of the high flow characteristics was carried out by using the Synthetic Unit Hydrograph (SUH methods, i.e., the GAMA I and Nakayasu modeling approach. At a certain reservoir characteristic and a defined geometry of spillway, several reservoir routing simulations were carried out on both dependable flows and high flows. Results of the reservoir routing showed the promising water availability of the Logung Dam to fulfill water demand for both irrigation and non-irrigation, whereas the reservoir routing could reduce the probable maximum flood from QPMF from 1,031 m3/s to approximately 950 m3/s or damping efficiency at 7.86%. Further analysis suggests necessary operation and maintenance of Logung Dam to sustain its function and to mitigate possible problems related to reservoir sedimentation.

  15. Geothermal prospecting by geochemical methods in the Quaternary volcanic province of Dhamar (central Yemen)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minissale, Angelo; Vaselli, Orlando; Mattash, Mohamed; Montegrossi, Giordano; Tassi, Franco; Ad-Dukhain, Abdulsalam; Kalberkamp, Ulrich; Al-Sabri, Ali; Al-Kohlani, Taha

    2013-01-01

    This paper deals with geothermal prospecting carried out in the Quaternary volcanic field of Dhamar, which is located almost in the centre of the main Oligo-Miocene basaltic trap plateau of Yemen. By applying geochemical and thermometric techniques in domestic wells producing water from the shallow unconfined aquifer in the area, which is prevalently hosted inside the Quaternary volcano-clastic material, a closed thermal anomaly associated with the Quaternary volcanic activity was well delineated. Although the aquifer(s) has a Ca-Na-HCO3 composition, that is typical of shallow groundwater, there are several chemical anomalies in the hotter central area compared to typical aquifers: i) the pH is lower and, consequently, the calculated partial pressure of CO2 in solution is higher, ii) the electrical conductivity is higher, iii) the total salinity is higher and iv) the fluoride ion concentration is higher. Such chemical anomalies in the hotter part of the aquifer do not seem to be generated by the rising and/or mixing of deep hydrothermal components rising into the shallow aquifer, but rather produced by enhanced water-rock interaction processes resulting from the higher temperature of the aquifer and its greater acidity. By applying some speculative calculations, based on the likely temperature of rainfall in the area and the depth and temperature of individual wells, the local thermal gradients in the area have been calculated. The thermal gradient varies from less than the average Earth gradient at the periphery of the delimitated thermal anomaly, to more than 250 °C/km, within an extensive area (exceeding 200 km2) where the gradient is greater than 100/120 °C/km.

  16. Study on Early-warning Model for Ecological Security of Cultivatedland in Hubei Province Based on Matter-element Model%基于物元可拓模型的湖北省耕地生态安全评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭术魁; 崔迪; 李雅楠

    2015-01-01

    Hubei was elected into the national pilot list of ecological civilization constructionin October 2013,which gives us more hope to improve the situation of ecological security in Hubei. Ecological security of cultivated land is an important branch of ecology,and in order to provide some advices this paper studied the ecological security of cultivated land in Hubei since 2000.Based on the methods used in regional ecological security study,this paper built an evaluation system according to the DPSIR theory,and then finished the early-warning study by using matter-element model.Findings are:firstly,the ecological security changed from nearly unsafe level in 2000 to less safe level in 2006 and finally tocritically safe level in 2012;Secondly,improvement in net income of farmers,agricultural mechanization,comprehensive utilization rate of industrial solid wasteand sewage treatment ratecontributed to the ecological security,while the use of pesticides and fertilizers,waste water discharge and investment in environmental protectionlimited the progress of ecological security.Paper also found that matter-element model can do early-warning in ecological security of cultivated land in Hubei and can help get the key factors useful to promote it.To improve security level we need to reduce the use of pesticides and fertilizers,reduce the direct emission of waste water,protect the quantity and quality of cultivated land as well as water resources, increase investment in environmental protection.%2013年10月湖北省首次入选全国生态文明建设试点名单,为改善湖北省生态环境带来了新希望.耕地生态安全是生态文明领域的重要分支,对湖北省自2000年以来的耕地生态安全进行测度,以期为湖北省建设全国生态文明试点省提供有益参考.借鉴区域生态安全领域内相关学者的研究方法并进行改进,基于DPSIR理论建立评价指标体系,运用物元可拓模型,对湖北省耕地生

  17. Genesis of soils and landscapes in the Ridge and Valley province of central Pennsylvania

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ciolkosz, Edward J.; Carter, Brian J.; Hoover, Michael T.; Cronce, Richard C.; Waltman, William J.; Dobos, Robert R.

    1990-09-01

    The characteristics and properties of the soils on the ridge tops, footslopes, and adjacent limestone valley areas in the Ridge and Valley of central Pennsylvania have been strongly influenced by their parent material and geomorphic history. The ridge top soils have developed in sandstone colluvium which mantles sandstone residuum. The upper part of the original residual ridge top soil was truncated during late Wisconsinan time and then covered with local colluvium or it was cyroturbated. These sandstone parent materials have been stable since the late Wisconsinan and have sandy skeletal Dystrochrepts and Haplorthods developed in them. The Haplorthods are minor soils and are associated with local concentrations of coniferous vegetation. During the late Wisconsinan, the sandstone colluvium also moved downslope and was mixed with bedrock and residual material from shale and limestone and deposited on the footslope over a pre-Wisconsinan soil developed in older colluvium or limestone residuum. The footslope surface colluvial soils vary in texture and drainage because of their parent material, their location in discharge areas, and fragipan development. The age of the brown surface colluvium is considered late Wisconsinan and the age of the pre-Wisconsinan buried soils is not known. The buried soil's bright red (rubified) color and argillic horizon indicate a much greater degree of soil development than noted in the brown surface colluvium, and its age may be correlated with isotope stage 6. The soils developed at the surface in the colluvium are mainly Ultisols although some poorly drained soils, particularly in limestone material, are Alfisols. The Ultisols are parent material Ultisols and the poorly drained Alfisols have a high base status in their parent material or were recharged with bases from the groundwater. The soils of the limestone valleys are developed in residuum. The residuum accumulated from the insoluble residues after the CaCO 3 was leached from the

  18. Miocene to present deformation rates in the Yakima Fold Province and implications for earthquake hazards in central Washington State, USA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Staisch, Lydia; Sherrod, Brian; Kelsey, Harvey; Blakely, Richard; Möller, Andreas; Styron, Richard

    2017-04-01

    The Yakima fold province (YFP), located in the Cascadia backarc of central Washington, is a region of active distributed deformation that accommodates NNE-SSW shortening. Geodetic data show modern strain accumulation of 2 mm/yr across this large-scale fold province. Deformation rates on individual structures, however, are difficult to assess from GPS data given low strain rates and the relatively short time period of geodetic observation. Geomorphic and geologic records, on the other hand, span sufficient time to investigate deformation rates on the folds. Resolving fault geometries and slip rates of the YFP is imperative to seismic hazard assessment for nearby infrastructure, including a large nuclear waste facility and hydroelectric dams along the Columbia and Yakima Rivers. We present new results on the timing and magnitude of deformation across several Yakima folds, including the Manastash Ridge, Umtanum Ridge, and Saddle Mountains anticlines. We constructed several line-balanced cross sections across the folds to calculated the magnitude of total shortening since Miocene time. To further constrain our structural models, we include forward-modeling of magnetic and gravity anomaly data. We estimate total shortening between 1.0 and 2.4 km across individual folds, decreasing eastward, consistent with geodetically and geologically measured clockwise rotation. Importantly, we find that thrust faults reactivate and invert normal faults in the basement, and do not appear to sole into a common décollement at shallow to mid-crustal depth. We constrain spatial and temporal variability in deformation rates along the Saddle Mountains, Manastash Ridge and Umtanum Ridge anticlines using geomorphic and stratigraphic markers of topographic evolution. From stratigraphy and geochronology of growth strata along the Saddle Mountains we find that the rate of deformation has increased up to six-fold since late Miocene time. To constrain deformation rates along other Yakima folds

  19. Impact of Hubei Business Culture on Enterprises Competitiveness%鄂商文化对企业竞争力的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    缑杰

    2011-01-01

    The Hubei business culture,as a sub-culture has to be influenced by the culture of a nation as well as the located customs,especially the crystal that have been inherited from generation to generation.The traditional culture must exert great influence and give the inspiration for the cultivation of the corporations' cultures,which will in turn enhance the capacities of competition in firms.The corporations' culture in Hubei Province has a long history with deep and wide cultivation which is an unparalleled fortune to the corporations in Hubei Province as well as the businessmen in this land.This culture is deeply rooted in the soul and blood of every businessman here and inspires them for the building of their careers and their own characters as well as the cultivation of cultures in corporations.Businessmen of this generation are expected to rebuild the culture of Hubei,enhance the cultivation of corporation's culture,take up a new face for the world and promote the thriving of middle of China with a strong capacity in competition.%鄂商文化源远流长,博大精深,鄂商文化是湖北商人、湖北企业的一笔巨大财富。继承与弘扬鄂商文化具有重大的历史与现实意义。当代的湖北商人要在反省中打造崭新的鄂商文化,加强企业文化的建设,重新塑造自己,重新构建优秀的企业文化,不断增强企业竞争力,助推中部崛起。

  20. 57 Factors Affecting Farmers` Higher Gain from Paddy Marketing: A Case Study on Paddy Farmers in North Central Province, Sri Lanka

    OpenAIRE

    RH Kuruppuge; SWGK Bulankulama; RPIR Prasanna

    2012-01-01

    This study focused to identify the likelihood factors affectingon farmers’ higher gain from paddy marketing in the NorthCentral Province of Sri Lanka, where the main paddy cultivationarea of the country. The required data was drawn from the fieldsurvey carried out in three irrigation systems covering 257farmers during July to August 2010. The empirical logit modelwas used to assess factors. The study found that imperfectionsof existing paddy marketing system in the area due to concentratedmar...

  1. Groundwater resources of the aquifers of the northern Central African Republic (Ouham Province). First hydrogeological investigations in a changing environment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Djebebe-Ndjiguim, Chantal; Foto, Eric; Backo, Salé; Nguerekossi, Bruno; Zoudamba, Narcisse; Basse-Keke, Eric; Allahdin, Oscar; Huneau, Frédéric; Garel, Emilie; Celle-Jeanton, Hélène; Mabingui, Joseph

    2017-04-01

    Groundwater is a key factor in the socio-economic development of African societies. This is particularly true for the Lake Chad Basin countries for which groundwater is the main water resource for both drinking water supply for population and agriculture, whether small or large scale. The Central African Republic (CAR) occupies a strategic place in the Lake Chad Basin since most waters feeding the different tributaries of the Chari River, which is the main water source of the Lake Chad, are originating from its territory. Indeed, the Northern CAR and particularly the Ouham Province, at the head of the whole Chad endoreic watershed, benefits from favourable rainfall conditions. Unfortunately, very little hydrological and hydrogeological information is available for this area which has never been investigated in terms of geochemical and isotope characterisation. The only available spares technical and scientific investigations over the area are dating from the 1960's. Unfortunately the Lake Chad basin has undergone strong climatological evolutions since the 1970's and hydrological information needs to be updated. The objectives of this study are to characterise groundwater from the Ouham Province in order to better appreciate the hydrogeological processes taking place in the recharge area of the Southern Lake Chad Basin. Isotope hydrology combined with geochemistry of groundwater has now proven being the best approach in under-documented territories to have a first diagnostic on the dynamics and quality of available resources. In this purpose combined hydrogeochemical and isotopic investigations (18O, 2H and 3H of the water molecule) have been launched to constrain groundwater origin, recharge processes, quality, residence time and anthropogenic fingerprint on aquifers. After two sampling campaigns it was possible to draw a general pattern of the hydrogeological and hydrochemical conditions in the region. The Ouham province is mostly composed of Precambrian

  2. The effect of marketing innovation, market orientation, and social capital on competitive advantage and marketing performance: A study in MSMEs of embroidery Central Java Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ag. Sunarno Handoyo

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This study deals with marketing innovation, market orientation, and social capital in affecting the competitive advantage and marketing performance in Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs of embroidery in Central Java Province. In this respect, this study tried to test and analyze the effect of marketing innovation, market orienta-tion, and social capital on competitive advantage and marketing performance in Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs of embroidery in Central Java Province. The samples are 150 respondents as the owners of the embroidery business in Central Java Province. The technical analysis used is Structure Equations Modeling with AMOS Software version 22. The results show that: (1 marketing innovation has significant effect on competitive advantage; (2 market orientation has significant effect on competi-tive advantage; (3 social capital has significant effect on competitive advantage; (4 competitive advantage has significant effect on marketing performance; (5 marketing innovation has significant effect on marketing performance; (6 market orientation has significant effect on marketing performance; (7 social capital has no significant effect on marketing performance. The implication of this study is that the MSMEs of embroidery could improve marketing performance by increasing marketing innovation, market orientation, social capital and competitive advantage. This study also shows that competitive advantage is an intervening variable on marketing performance.

  3. Hydrological Characteristics of Forest Litter and Soil in Different Successional Stages in the Hilly Region of Central Hubei%鄂中低丘区不同演替阶段森林凋落物和土壤水文特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾秀红; 曾毅; 周志翔; 高大雄; 谢经荣; 郭国志

    2013-01-01

    The hydrological characteristics of the litter and soil in three different forest successional stages as coniferous forest,coniferous and broad-leaved mixed forest,and deciduous broad-leaved forest (8 forest stands) were studied in Taizishan forest farm,central Hubei,by using the method of substituting time with space.The results showed that the coniferous and broad-leaved mixed forest had the biggest total litter amount(9.76~12.01 t/hm2),the maximum water holding ratio of the litter in deciduous broad-leaved forest was the highest.The effective retain capacity of litters under coniferous and broad-leaved mixed forests and deciduous broad-leaved forests were greater.And there were no significant differences between them.The effective retain capacity of the litter in Quercus acutissima mixed stand was the biggest,reaching to 16.81 t/hm2.In different successional periods,the order of NCWHC(non-capillary water-holding capacity) and MWHC(maximal water-holding capacity) below the depth of 0-40 cm soil layer was as follows:Coniferous forest <coniferous and broad-leaved mixed forest <deciduous broad-leaved forest.Water-holding capacity of soil under Quercus acutissima mixed stand was the highest(2 145.8 t/hm2).In conclusion,the deciduous broad-leaved forest was optimal among three forest types in terms of water conservation,suggested that during the restoration of forest vegetation in study area deciduous broad-leaved forests should be improved in the process of the forest succession.%采用空间代替时间的方法,研究鄂中低丘区太子山林场针叶林、针阔混交林和落叶阔叶林3个不同演替阶段(共8类林分)林下凋落物和土壤的水文特性.结果表明:太子山林场3个演替阶段的林下凋落物总量以针阔混交林最大(介于9.76~12.01 t/hm2之间),林下凋落物最大持水率以落叶阔叶林最高;针阔混交林与落叶阔叶林林下凋落物对降水的有效拦蓄量较高,但两者差异不显著,其中

  4. Grey Relational Analysis on the Effects of Rainfall Factors on Runoff and Sediment in the Sloping Farmland with Different Plants in the Central South of Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] The aim was to study the main rainfall factors influencing runoff and sediment in the sloping farmland with different plants in the central south of Shandong Province.[Method] Through grey relational analysis,the effects of different rainfall factors on runoff and sediment with different plants in the central south of Shandong were studied.[Result] In the sloping farmland with different plants,the effects of rainfall factors on runoff and sediment weren't consistent.Rainfall was the dominant inf...

  5. Prevalence of human papillomavirus and its genotype among 1336 invasive cervical cancer patients in Hunan province, central south China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Linqian; Wu, Baiping; Li, Junjun; Chen, Liyu

    2015-03-01

    Existing data on the genotype distribution of human papillomavirus (HPV) are limited in Hunan province, central south China. To evaluate the prevalence of HPV infection and its genotype among women with invasive cervical cancer in Hunan, a total of 1,336 patients were included in this study between July 2012 and June 2013. Eighteen high-risk and eight low-risk genotypes of HPV were detected by Luminex xMAP technology. The results show that HPV prevalence in invasive cervical cancer in Hunan was 75.7%. A single HPV infection was found in 82.3% of the HPV-positive samples, and 91.8% of the cases had high-risk HPV infection. The most common HPV type was HPV 16 (50.6%), followed by HPV 58 (12.4%), HPV 52 (10.9%), HPV 18 (7.3%), HPV 33 (5.5%), HPV 59 (4.2%), HPV 39 (4.0%), HPV 61 (3.4%), HPV 31 (3.3%), and HPV 56 (3.2%). A single infection with HPV 16 was detected in 42.5% of the samples, which was significantly more frequent than any other HPV type in this population. Dual-infection with HPV 16 and HPV 52 were relatively common. The available vaccines for HPV 16 and 18 are therefore expected to have a substantial impact on reducing the burden of cervical cancer in China, even though HPV 18 showed a lower frequency. In addition to HPV 16 and 18, other HPV types including 58, 52, and 33, should be targeted in the next generation HPV vaccines.

  6. Geochemical characterization of a Quaternary monogenetic volcano in Erciyes Volcanic Complex: Cora Maar (Central Anatolian Volcanic Province, Turkey)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gencalioglu-Kuscu, Gonca

    2011-11-01

    Central Anatolian Volcanic Province (CAVP) is a fine example of Neogene-Quaternary post-collisional volcanism in the Alpine-Mediterranean region. Volcanism in the Alpine-Mediterranean region comprises tholeiitic, transitional, calc-alkaline, and shoshonitic types with an "orogenic" fingerprint. Following the orogenic volcanism, subordinate, within-plate alkali basalts ( sl) showing little or no orogenic signature are generally reported in the region. CAVP is mainly characterized by widespread calc-alkaline andesitic-dacitic volcanism with orogenic trace element signature, reflecting enrichment of their source regions by subduction-related fluids. Cora Maar (CM) located within the Erciyes pull-apart basin, is an example to numerous Quaternary monogenetic volcanoes of the CAVP, generally considered to be alkaline. Major and trace element geochemical and geochronological data for the CM are presented in comparison with other CAVP monogenetic volcanoes. CM scoria is basaltic andesitic, transitional-calc-alkaline in nature, and characterized by negative Nb-Ta, Ba, P and Ti anomalies in mantle-normalized patterns. Unlike the "alkaline" basalts of the Mediterranean region, other late-stage basalts from the CAVP monogenetic volcanoes are classified as tholeiitic, transitional and mildly alkaline. They display the same negative anomalies and incompatible element ratios as CM samples. In this respect, CM is comparable to other CAVP monogenetic basalts ( sl), but different from the Meditterranean intraplate alkali basalts. Several lines of evidence suggest derivation of CM and other CAVP monogenetic basalts from shallow depths within the lithospheric mantle, that is from a garnet-free source. In a wider regional context, CAVP basalts ( sl) are comparable to Apuseni (Romania) and Big Pine (Western Great Basin, USA) volcanics, except the former have depleted Ba contents. This is a common feature for the CAVP volcanics and might be related to crustal contamination or source

  7. A dental fluorosis trend analysis of children aged 8 to 12 in drinking-water-type endemic fluorosis areas of Hubei Province from 2010 to 2014%2010-2014年湖北省饮水型氟中毒病区8~12岁儿童氟斑牙病情监测结果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张碧云; 李明健; 周素华; 戴馨; 熊培生; 祝淑珍

    2016-01-01

    Objective Through the dynamical monitoring of the water improvement projects operation,we intend to understand the prevalent trends of endemic fluorosis of children aged 8 to 12 in Hubei,to evaluate the effect of control measures and to provide the basis for making preventive measures.Methods In Hubei,ten surveillance counties were selected,and three epidemic villages were selected as fixed monitoring villages in each county from 2010 to 2014.In those villages,the operation situation of water improvement projects and the fluoride content in drinking water were detected,and the dental fluorosis of children aged 8 to 12 was diagnosed.Results From 2010 to 2014,the normal operation rate of water improvement projects was 75.61%-100.00%,the average of water fluorine content did not change,the differences were not statistically significant (F =2.00,P > 0.05).The numbers of water improvement projects with water fluorine content in excessive amount was increased in the past five years which was only one project in 2010-2012 and was increased to two projects in 2013 and 2014.In 2010-2014,the dental fluorosis prevalence rate of whole children was 9.45% (525/5 557),the dental fluorosis prevalence rate of exceeding-standard villages of water fluoride content was 42.40% (92/217),the dental fluorosis prevalence rate of qualified villages was 8.11% (433/5 340).The children's dental fluorosis prevalence rate of exceeding-standard villages of water fluoride content was higher than that in qualified villages;the differences were statistically significant (x2 =282.60,P < 0.05).Conclusions The operation rate of water-improving projects is mostly higher than 90%,and so is the qualification rate of fluoride content in drinking water.The operation condition and water quality of the water-improving projects in Hubei need to be improved.The prevalence of children dental fluorosis of affected villages has dropped significantly after low fluoride water is provided continuously

  8. 新型农村合作医疗制度中的制度供给与农民满意度分析--基于湖北省Z村和X村的调查%An Empirical Analysis of Institutional Supply Theory in the New Rural Cooperative Medical System and Degrees of Farmers’Satisfaction--- Based on Surveys in Z and X Villages in Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方菲; 高兴

    2015-01-01

    The effect of the operation of the new rural cooperative medical system depends on the farmers’objective evaluation of it.In order to insure the sustainable development of the system,great importance must be attached to farmers’satisfaction survey.Based on statistics from two villages in Hu-bei Province,this paper attempts to make an empirical analysis of the function of institutional supply theory on farmers’satisfaction degrees,thus figuring out the current situation of institutional supply and how the institutional supply of the new rural cooperative medical care system functions in farmers’satis-faction.The result shows that there is a gap between supplies and expectation,and institutional supply means significantly to farmers’satisfaction.and the financing mechanism supply influences farmers’ satisfaction most,followed by the departmental service supply,the medical service supply and the reim-bursement level respectively.Therefore,it concludes that the system designers should improve the level of subsidy and the reimbursement standard,regulate the enforcers’behaviors and improve the quality of medical institutions’service to elevate farmers’satisfaction degrees and ensure the sustainable develop-ment of the system.%新型农村合作医疗制度运行的效果,取决于农民对制度运行的客观评价,为了确保制度的可持续发展,必须重视农民的满意度调查。基于湖北省两个村庄的问卷调查数据,运用制度供给理论,实证分析制度供给对农民满意度的作用,厘清新型农村合作医疗制度运行中的制度供给现状和制度供给对农民满意度的作用机理。结果表明:此项制度存在供给不足与期望差距的状况,制度供给对农民的满意度有着显著的作用,其中筹资机制供给对农民的满意度作用最为明显,部门服务供给、医疗服务供给、报销水平供给次之。由此提出建议:制度的设计者应

  9. Nd Isotope Mapping of Crustal Terranes in the Parent-Clova Area, Quebec: Implications for the Evolution of the Laurentian Margin in the Central Grenville Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alan Dickin

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Over 100 new Nd isotope analyses for the central Grenville Province in the Parent-Clova region of Quebec help fill a major gap in understanding the crustal accretion history of the province. Nd model ages show that the Parent-Clova region consists of three crustal blocks: the Archean parautochthon in the north; a central block with mixed ages interpreted as an ensialic arc; and a southerly block forming an extension of the Mesoproterozoic Quebecia arc terrane. The Allochthon Boundary Thrust is believed to define the edge of the Archean parautochthon, which is bordered for a distance of 300 km by the ensialic arc block, within which model ages decrease consistently away from the craton. A similar negative correlation between Nd model age and distance from the craton is seen in published data for the Algonquin terrane in Ontario, but with a lower range of model ages. These comparisons show that in the Parent-Clova region, a Mesoproterozoic ensialic arc was established directly on the Archean margin, but further west, the Mesoproterozoic arc was built on a younger margin consisting of accreted Palaeoproterozoic arc crust. The use of large Nd data sets allows these distinct regional growth patterns to become clear and, hence, allows an understanding of Mesoproterozoic crustal evolution in the province as a whole.

  10. Relationships between soil heavy metal pollution and enzyme activities in mining areas of northern Hunan province, Central South China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Xue-Feng; Jiang, Ying; Shu, Ying

    2014-05-01

    Hunan province, Central South China, is a well-known nonferrous metal base in China. Mine exploiting and processing there, however, often lead to heavy metal pollution of farmland. To study the effects of mining activities on the soil environmental quality, four representative paddy fields, the HSG, SNJ, NT and THJ, in Y county, northern Hunan province, were investigated. It was found that the streams running through the HSG, SNJ and NT are severely contaminated due to the long-term discharge of untreated mineral wastewater from local indigenous mining factories. The stream at the HSG, for example, is brownish red in color, with high concentrations of Cu, Zn, Cd, Fe and Mn. The concentrations of Cu, Zn and Cd in all the stream water of the HSG, SNJ and NT exceed the maximum allowable levels of the Agricultural Irrigation Water Criteria of China. Correspondingly, the HSG, SNJ and NT are heavily polluted by Cu, Zn and Cd due to the long-term irrigation with the contaminated stream water. In comparison, both stream water and paddy fields of the THJ, far away from mining areas, are not contaminated by any heavy metals and hence regarded as a control in this study. The rice grain produced at the HSG, SNJ and NT has a high risk of Cd contamination. The rate of rice grain produced in the four paddy fields in Y county with Cd exceeding the safe level (Cd, 0.2 μg g-1) specified by the National Standards for Rice Quality and Safety of China reaches 90%. Cd content in the rice grain is positively significantly correlated with that in the paddy fields, especially with the content of diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA) - extracted Cd, suggesting that the heavy metal pollution of paddy fields has already posed a high risk to rice safety and human health. Soil enzyme activities and microbial biomass are significantly inhibited by the heavy metal pollution of the paddy fields. Microbial biomass C and N (MBC and MBN) at a severely contaminated site of the HSG are only 31

  11. Study on Hubei Private Cultural Enterprises′Policy Optimization%湖北民营文化企业政策优化研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏露

    2013-01-01

    民营文化企业涉及非公有制的特别身份和文化特殊产业。基于这一特点,调查湖北民营文化企业政策现状,分析问题与成因,研究营造政策优化对策与实施建议,以给予湖北民营文化企业更多的支持、更好的政策实施条件,使之作为湖北经济发展新的增长点、转变文化产业发展方式的有效推动力。%Private cultural enterprises involve private special identity and cultural special industry, based on which the paper conducted a investigation into policy status quo of Hubei private cultur-al enterprises,analysed the problems and causes of the construction policy optimization counter-measures and proposals,with the hope of giving more support and better policy conditions to Hu-bei private cultural enterprises,as a new growth point of economic development,and the effec-tive impetus to transform the mode of cultural industry development in Hubei province.

  12. Geochemical Features of Shale Hydrocarbons of the Central Part of Volga-Ural Oil and Gas Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nosova, Fidania F.; Pronin, Nikita V.; Plotnikova, Irina N.; Nosova, Julia G.

    2014-05-01

    This report contains the results of the studies of shale hydrocarbons from carbonate-siliceous rocks on the territory of South-Tatar arch of Volga-Ural oil and gas province of the East European Platform. The assessment of the prospects of shale hydrocarbon in Tatarstan primarily involves finding of low permeable, poor-porous shale strata that would be rich in organic matter. Basing on the analysis of the geological structure of the sedimentary cover, we can distinguish three main objects that can be considered as promising targets for the study from the point of