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Sample records for hu-pei sheng nung

  1. Shengli Diamond Bits

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Yukun; Han Tao

    1995-01-01

    @@ The geologic condition of Shengli Oilfield (SLOF)is complicated and the range of the rock drillability is wide. For more than 20 years,Shengli Drilling Technology Research Institute, in view of the formation conditions of SLOF,has done a lot of effort and obtained many achivements in design,manufacturing technology and field service. Up to now ,the institute has developed several ten kinds of diamond bits applicable for drilling and coring in formations from extremely soft to hard.

  2. Geological Scientific Research Institute of Shengli Oilfield

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1995-01-01

    @@ Geological Scientific Research Institute of Shengli Oilfield is a scientific and technological research organization for exploration and development of oil/gas fields in Shengli oil province. The main work of the institute involves program for exploration and development, medium/long term planning,program for productivity construction in the new areas, program for adjustment of the old oilfields and undertaking key task of scientific research assigned by CNPC and Shengli Petroleum Administrative Bureau.

  3. Petroleum Engineering Technology of Shengli Oilfield

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ Shengli Oilfield (hereafter referred to as Shengli), a subordinate company of China Petrochemical Corporation (Sinopec), is the second largest oil field in China and an important oil industry base in east China. It lies in the Yellow River Delta, bordering the Bohai Bay.It plays an enormous role in the economic circle around Bohai Bay and the economic belt of Yellow River area for its well developed infrastructure, transportation and communication system, and favorable geographical location.

  4. Speciality of Coring Technology in Shengli Oilfield

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sun Baowei; Li Kairong

    1994-01-01

    @@ Shengli Oilfield is a large complicated oil-gas province which is complex in geological structure and unusual in lithological change. Rich oil and gas resources exist in Cenozoic to Palaeozoic, from very unconsolidated sandstone to very hard granite gneiss and from fractured mudstone to crushed limestone.

  5. Shengli Oil Fields: Today and Tomorrow

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lu Renjie

    1996-01-01

    @@ Shengli oil area lies in the Yellow River Delta, in the north of Shandong Province bordering the Bohai Bay. The area is scattered over 28 counties, covering 37 000 square kilom eters. The main part of exploration and exploitation is located on both sides of the Yellow River estuary within the territory of Dongying City.

  6. 越南岱、侬族纺织图案研究%Study on patterns on textiles of Tay and Nung in Vietnam

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张耀军

    2016-01-01

    Textiles of Tay and Nung nation is one of the most important culture heritages of Vietnam. For the craftsmanship of patterns on textiles of Tay and Nung nation. As for the textile patterns and its craftsmanship of Tay and Nung in China-Vietnam borders, this paper comprehensively analyzed culture and patterns on textiles of Tay and Nung from the perspective of technology, sociology and artistic iconology with the method of field investigation, document research and iconology. The research shows that patterns on textiles created by Tay and Nung embodies their unique history, sense of style and religious believes. These textile patterns thus preserve the traditional culture of these ethnic groups. Field investigations and study on collections from museums give us the evidence for studies on cultural connections between Tay, Nung, Zhuang and those who lives in China-Vietnam border.%岱、侬族纺织图案是越南的重要文化遗产之一,针对中越边境地区岱、侬族的纺织图案及其工艺,采用田野考察、文献研究与图像学方法,从工艺学、社会学及艺术图像学角度,对岱、侬族的纺织图案与文化进行全面分析。研究表明:岱、侬族创造的纺织品图案蕴含了独特的历史、审美及宗教价值,这些图案较好地保存了民族传统文化。通过实地调查和博物馆藏品样式的研究,为中越边境地区壮、岱、侬族之间和其他地区同族之间的文化联系研究提供了证据。

  7. New Star in Yellow River Delta --Daming Group Co.,Ltd,Shengli Oilfield

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guo Shuren

    1994-01-01

    @@ Daming Group Co.,Ltd.,Shengli Oilfield is a high set-off,pluralized and multioriented limited-liability company which was initiated and established by four units of Shengli Petroleum Administration,CNPC,Dongsheng Petroleum Development Co.,Ltd.,Shengli Oilfield,Zhongyuan Company of Dongying Branch,Bank of China,and Shengli Oilfield Labour Service Company,It is the first share-system enterprise in China's petroleum industry.Its total capital is 120 million yuan (RMB).The Shengli Petroleum Administration,CNPC is the biggest shareholder occupying more than 20% of the total capital.

  8. WASTE WATER TREATMENT IN VISCOUS CRUDE PROCESSING IN SHENGLI OILFIELDS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Huaijie; Xu Hui

    1997-01-01

    @@ Apart from sewage pretreatment and stepped control, the Viscous Crude Processing Plant of Shengli Petrochemical General Works has established a new process of sewage treatment featuring with flexible and advanced technology and strong impact strength, with the crude sewage treatment yield reaching more than 95%.

  9. Traditional Marriage Customs of The Zhuang Ethnic in China and Nung,Tay Ethnics in Vietnam%中国壮族和越南侬族、岱族的传统婚姻习俗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    覃丽芳

    2014-01-01

    The Zhuang ethnic in China and Nung, Tay ethnics in Vietnam have the same root, many similar or the same in language, culture, etc. Some cultural elements in traditional marriage customs in Zhuang, Nung, Tay ethnics prove that they have the same root, and that’s the natural link to keep friendly exchanges between the border ethnic in China and Vietnam.%中国的壮族和越南的侬族、岱族是同源民族,在语言、文化等方面有许多相同或相似的地方。壮、侬、岱族传统婚姻习俗中一些共有的文化元素体现了这几个民族之间的同源性,也是中越边境民族友好交往的天然纽带。

  10. Development of Low Permeability Oilfields in Shengli Oil Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Binhai; Fan Naifu

    1995-01-01

    @@ Shengli oil province,complicated in geology and rich in resources, is the second largest oil production basin of China. Except for some big/medium sized oil/gas field with high and medium permeability which have already been put into production. There are 11oil fields at great depth with low permeability of less than 50 ×10-3 μm2 have been discovered with 12. 2% of the total proved original oil in place.

  11. Crosslinked Polymer Injection Showing Notable Effectiveness in Shengli Oilfields

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhao Shouzeng

    1994-01-01

    @@ After more than half a year of crosslinked polymer inection test, oil production increased notably in western district No.7 of Gudong Oil Production Plant, Shengli Oilfields. In the test area, through the test daily fluid production increased from 397.9 tons to 434.6 tons and daily oil production increased from 79.6 to 101.3 tons, but comprehensive water cut dropped from 80.6% to 79.6%.

  12. Shengli Making New Progress in Expansion at Overseas Markets

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yu Ankun

    2001-01-01

    @@ Aiming at its established strategic goal for international operation, Shengli Oilfields made new progress last year in expansion at overseas markets and cooperation with foreign firms. In the fields of contracting projects and providing labor services on the international oil/gas exploration and development market, it has embarked on a higher level of starting point with respect to number of projects,value of investment and volume of engineering.

  13. Broadening Cooperation Realm to Promote Stable Development of Shengli Oil Area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Jifu; Yao Shiyu

    1997-01-01

    @@ As the second largest oil area in China, Shengli Petroleum Administration has constantly been strengthening the international cooperation over the recent years in the principal part of the Shengli oil area under the guidance of the national open policy. In venture exploration, data packages have been prepared for the three blocks of Kengdong, Chexi and Qingtuozi with an exploration area of 2370 square kilometers.

  14. A Comparative Analysis of Three English Translations of Li Qingzhao ’s Sheng Sheng Man in Two Different Theoretical Frameworks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SU Zhi-jun

    2016-01-01

    Demanding as it has always been, verse translation is a suitable subject to observe on what ground and how translators make their choices to deal with translation problems. By comparing three different English versions of Li Qingzhao’s Sheng Sheng Man within two dramatically different theoretical frameworks, namely the skopos theory and Walter Benjamin’s theory on pure language, the present study aims at deriving a reflection on the nature of translation as a practice, a closer look at its dy-namic complexity.

  15. [Sheng's acupuncture manipulation at bone-nearby acupoints and the academic thoughts].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheng, Ji-li; Jin, Xiao-qing

    2014-11-01

    Sheng's acupuncture manipulation at bone-nearby acupoints is a set of needling manipulation of the chief physician of TCM, SHENG Xie-sun, summarized through his over 50 years clinical experiences and on the basis of Internal Classic. Regarding this manipulation, on the premise of acupoint selection based on syndrome differentiation, the acupoints close to bone are possibly selected and punctured, with the needle tip toward bone edge, and followed by the technique to achieve reducing purpose. Clinically, the significant immediate analgesia can be achieved in pain disorders such as headache and toothache. Professor Sheng thought, corresponding to the location of needle insertion and needling depth, the tissue layers of needle tip passing through should be considered specially. The site of needle insertion should be changeable so as to ensure the needle tip reaching the bone. This manipulation for analgesia provides a certain guide for acupuncture study, especially for the mechanism study on acupuncture analgesia.

  16. Thermal monitoring at E-Sheng cement in China; Waermeueberwachung bei E-Sheng Cement in China

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Idoux, Maurice [HGH Infrared Systems, Igny (France)

    2011-07-01

    The E-Sheng cement plant is situated 130 km South East of Chengdu, capital city of Sichuan Province. It is in an environmentally protected area and as such, it is subject to stringent regulations as far as pollution is concerned. The quarry is situated 5 km away on a hillside, 500 m above plant level. Transport of limestone is by one single conveyor. The plant has 5 identical kilns, each 5500 tpd, i.e. 27 500 tpd total output, making it the largest single plant in the southwest of China. The plant was designed by the Nanjing Cement Institute (NCDRI). Its specific heat consumption is 730 kcal/kg of clinker, 65% at the precalciner and 35% at the kiln. Each kiln is 4.8 m dia x 74 m long. Start-up fuel is oil, main fuel is coal, 5500 kcal/kg LHV. The coal mine is 25 km away; coal delivery to the plant is by road. The plant is checked regularly for emissions, management of the plant is particularly advanced and the staff is well trained, thus achieving at high quality product. The total number of employees is 3000. 15% of the production is sold in bags, the rest in bulk. Delivery to clients is by road or rail. The first line was commissioned in 2008, the last in 2010. Due to the 2008 earthquake 300 km away, local demand for cement remains high. Each kiln is equipped with a hig resolution scanner which warns the operator of any refractory lining/coating problems and possible malfunction of the kiln. (orig.)

  17. On Singing Features of the Art Song Sheng Sheng Man%论艺术歌曲《声声慢》的演唱特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邱雅羚

    2012-01-01

    李清照晚年的作品《声声慢》,这首词押入声韵,并屡用叠字和双声字,节奏舒缓而急促、哀婉、凄厉。表现了作者孤独寂寞的忧郁情绪和动荡不安的心境。正因为这首词艺术特征鲜明,著名作曲家黄永熙先生予以谱曲,赋予了这首词新的艺术生命。在解析《声声慢》词曲艺术的基础上,重点从歌词、伴奏、情感、音准、音色、演唱方法等几个方面进行分析与探讨,研究其演唱规律与特征。%Li Qingzhao's later works "Sheng Sheng Man" changes the rhyme into the phonological, and often uses reduplication and alliteration. The rhythm is sometimes slow and sometimes rapid, sometimes sad and sometimes shrill, which reflects the author's loneliness, depressed mood and turbulent state of mind Precisely because of the poem's distinctive artistic characteristics, famous composer Mr. Huang Yongxi composed the music, giving the poem a new artistic life. In this paper, the author makes an analysis of "Sheng Sheng Man" on the basis of lyrics art. especially focusing on the aspects of lyrics, pitch, phrasing, tone, piano accompaniment, etc. by studying the regular pattern and characteristics of its singing.

  18. Jet Drilling and Optimizing Parameter Drilling Technology in Shengli Oil Fields

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chen Yue; Peng Junsheng

    1996-01-01

    @@ In Shengli oilfield, remarkable achievements have been obtained in research and tests on the technologies of jet drilling and optimizing parameter drilling, extensive applications of the technologies have greatly improved drilling speed and sharply decreased drilling time and costs, thus achieving excellent social and economic benefits.

  19. The therapeutic effects of Sheng Jing Zhong Zi Tang in treating male infertility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, B; Zhang, C; Du, L; Xue, W; Zou, P

    2001-06-01

    Eight-seven cases of male infertility due to spermatopathy were treated with Sheng Jing Zhong Zi Tang (SJZZT [symbol: see text]) for 1-3 courses. The total effective rate was 95.40% (83/87). 56.32% (49/87) of their spouses got pregnant and the semen quality was markedly improved (P cortisol (C).

  20. A Comparison Between Guangxi Zhuang Language and Vietnamese Nung Language%越南高平侬语和广西靖西壮语的初步比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭茹

    2014-01-01

    广西靖西县新靖镇壮语和越南高平省茶岭县广汉村侬语的语言结构特点比较接近,在跨境语言中属于差异较小的类型。二者跨境后之所以还能保持如此高的相似度与跨境历史不长有关,还与两国边民相似的文化、习俗及密切的经济往来有关。%The structural characteristics of Zhuang language in Xinjing , a town of Jingxi County in Guan-gxi, and Nung language in Guanghan , a village in Chanling county of Gaoping province in Vietnam , are quite simi-lar and have fewer differences compared with other cross -border languages .The great similarity they share are re-lated not only to the fact that they have a short cross -border history but also to the likeness of their cultures and traditions as well as the close economic exchanges between them .

  1. Reservoir Characteristics and Guidance for Exploration in the Beach Area of Shengli Oilfields

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Xinmin

    1994-01-01

    @@ The beach area of Shengli Oilfield lies in the east and north of Zhanhua sag which is located in the southern end of Bohai Bay Basin (Fig.1). Its geological situation is generally similar to that in Zhanhua sag.Several decades of exploration shows that this area is the most enriched petroleum area in Bohai Bay Basin. Oil and gas distributed there in a same way as in Bohai Bay Basin, but also distributed in its own unique way.

  2. [Textual research on Costus root (Aucklandia lappa Decne) in the Sheng nong ben cao jing (Shennong's Classic of Materia Medica)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Guangyan; Wang, Dequn; Fang, Shiying; Xu, Maohong

    2014-05-01

    Aucklandia lappa Decne was first recorded in the Sheng nong ben cao jing (Shennong's Classic of Materia Medica). Through the textual research of herbal literature, it was found that the costus root in the Sheng nong ben cao jing perhaps was not the plant of Aucklandia lappa Decne of Compositae, but the eaglewood or Lignum Aquilasria Resinatum based on the comprehensive judgment of shape, taste, nature, and function etc. In the Sheng nong ben cao jing, it only includes costus root without the title of eaglewood, and Tao Hongjing recorded both herbs together in his Ming yi bie lu (Supplementary Records of Celebrated Physicians), which became a foreshadow of misunderstanding of the later generations. Beginning from the Tang ben cao (Materia Medica of the Tang Dynasty), the costus root was considered as the plant of Auckiandia lappa Decne from the Compostae with its profound influence until now.

  3. The Therapeutic Effects of Sheng Jing Zhong Zi Tang in Treating Male Infertility

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨保存; 张彩霞; 杜雷; 薛武军; 邹鹏

    2001-01-01

    Eight-seven cases of male infertility due to spermatopathy were treated with Sheng Jing Zhong Zi Tang (SJZZT生精种子汤) for 1-3 courses. The total effective rate was 95.40% (83/87). 56.32% (49/87) of their spouses got pregnant and the semen quality was markedly improved (P<0.01). The results showed that the decoction could dual-directionally regulate the levels of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), prolan B luteinizing hormone (LH), testosterone (T), and cortisol (C).

  4. The Shengli I Point Bar on the Yellow River Delta: Three-Dimensional Structures and Their Evolution

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟建华; 沈晓华; 倪晋仁; 王冠民; 温志峰; 王夕宾; 王海桥; 李理; 吴孔友; 李勇; 洪梅

    2002-01-01

    Point bars are well developed on the Yellow River delta, among which the Shengli I point bar is the mosttypical. The point bar, being about 4 km in length and several tens to more than 100 meters in width, is located on the southside of the Shengli Bridge in Kenli County, Dongying, Shandong. It is a typical fine-grained point bar with silt, which ispredominant, some clay and minor plant debris and clay boulders. The Shengli I point bar has complicated 3-D structures.Firstly, in a plane view, it comprises mainly eight sedimentary units, bar edge, bar ridge, bar platform, bar plain, bar channel,bar gully, bar pond and bar bay, developing side by side and superimposed one by one in a complex way. Secondly, itsvertical structures are very complex due to the partial superimposition of the 8 sedimentary units. Besides hydatogenesis, veryintensive wind erosion, eolian, ice and meltwater actions are also visible on the Shengli I point bar. The complex form is madeeven more complicated because of the above co-actions.

  5. Studies of Neutrino-Electron Scattering at the Kuo-Sheng Reactor Neutrino Laboratory

    CERN Document Server

    Deniz, M

    2008-01-01

    Studies on electron antineutrino-electron elastic scattering were performed using a 200-kg CsI(Tl) scintillating crystal detector array at the Kuo-Sheng Nuclear Power Plant in Taiwan. The measured cross section of R(exp) = [1.00 +- 0.32(stat)]xR(SM) is consistent with the Standard Model expectation and the corresponding weak mixing angle derived is sin2T = 0.24 +- 0.05 (stat). The results are consistent with a destructive interference effect between neutral and charged-currents in this process. Limits on neutrino magnetic moment of mu(nu_(e)) < 2.0 x 10^(-10) mu_(B) at 90% confidence level and on electron antineutrino charge radius of r^(2) < (0.12 +- 2.07)x10^(-32) cm^2 were also derived.

  6. Rheological behavior of Shengli coal-solvent slurry at low-temperatures and atmospheric pressure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Yong-gang; YAN Yan; GUO Xiang-kun; Xu De-ping

    2009-01-01

    We report the results from systematic studies of Shengli lignite coal-solvent slurries. Solvent type, temperature, coal to solvent ratio, particle granularity, shear rate and shear time were investigated. The viscosity of the solvents is time independent. However, the slurries are thixotropic. A change from pseudo-plastic to Newtonian behavior occurs as the temperature, or as the solvent to coal ratio, increases. The solvent used in the slurry affects the point at which the theology changes from pseudo-plastic to Newtonian. The REC slurry changes at 1 : 1.2 coal to solvent ratio and at 40 ℃. The HAR slurry changes at a 1:1.5 ratio and at 60 ℃. The theology of the slurries is pseudo-plastic at low shear rates but Newtonian at high shear rates.

  7. Subtle trap recognition based on seismic sedimentology-A case study from Shengli Oilfield

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Huang Handong; Zhang Ruwei; Luo Qun; Zhao Di; Peng Yongmin

    2009-01-01

    Seismic sedimentology is the study of sedimentary rocks and facies using seismic data. However, often the sedimentary body features can't be described quantitatively due to the limit of seismic resolution. High resolution inversion offsets this limitation and is applied to seismic sedimentology to identify subtle traps under complex geologic conditions, thereby widening the applicable range of seismic sedimentology. In this paper, based on seismic sedimentology, seismic phase-controlled nonlinear random inversion is used to predict the sandy conglomerate reservoir of Es3 in the Chezhen depression in Shengli Oilfield. Thickness and sedimentary microfacies maps of sandy conglomerate bodies in several stages are presented and several subtle traps were predicted and verified by drilling.

  8. Analysis of Energy Consumption and Energy Conservation Measures for RFCCU at Shengli Petrochemical Company

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Ning; Xu Zhenling

    2006-01-01

    This article introduces a string of energy conservation measures adopted over the past several years by the RFCC unit at Shengli Petrochemical Complex, including the optimization of feedstock properties, the adoption of high-efficiency atomizing nozzles, the revamp of CO boiler, the atomization by means of dry gas, the post-burning of flue gas as well as the application of frequency converting machines and pumps, resulting in ideal effects. The energy consumption of the RFCC unit was gradually decreased to 2984.25 MJ/t from the original level of 3716.99 MJ/t. After comparing basic energy consumption values with actual consumption values, the authors have set forward measures for further energy conservation, such as the recovery of low-temperature excess heat contained in oil/gas streams exiting from the fractionation tower top, addition of the fourth cyclone, delivery of hot oil slurry, and heat tracing with hot water.

  9. Identification and differentiation of major components in three different “Sheng-ma” crude drug species by UPLC/Q-TOF-MS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mengxue Fan

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Cimicifugae Rhizoma (Sheng ma is a Ranunculaceae herb belonging to a composite family and well known in China. has been widely used in traditional Chinese medicine. The Pharmacopoeia of the People׳s Republic of China contains three varieties (Cimicifuga dahurica (Turcz., Cimicifuga foetida L. and Cimicifuga heracleifolia Kom. which have been used clinically as “Sheng-ma”. However, the chemical constituents of three components of “Sheng-ma” have never been documented. In this study, a rapid method for the analysis of the main components of “Sheng-ma” was developed using ultra-high performance liquid chromatography with quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC/Q-TOF-MS. The present study reveals the major common and distinct chemical constituents of C. dahurica, C. foetida and C. heracleifolia and also reports principal component and statistical analyses of these results. The components were identified by comparing the retention time, accurate mass, mass spectrometric fragmentation characteristic ions and matching empirical molecular formula with that of the published compounds. A total of 32 common components and 8 markers for different “Sheng-ma” components were identified. These findings provide an important basis for the further study and clinical utilities of the three “Sheng-ma” varieties.

  10. The administration of Sheng Hua Tang immediately after delivery to reduce the incidence of retained placenta in Holstein dairy cows.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cui, Dongan; Wang, Xuezhi; Wang, Lei; Wang, Xurong; Zhang, Jingyan; Qin, Zhe; Li, Jianxi; Yang, Zhiqiang

    2014-03-15

    Sheng Hua Tang, a classical herbal formula consisting of Radix Angelicae sinensis, Ligustici rhizoma, Semen persicae, Zingiberis rhizoma, and Radix glycyrrhizae, is known to be beneficial in alleviating postpartum diseases and facilitating a return to normal reproductive function. This study investigated whether the administration of Sheng Hua Tang within 2 to 4 hours after delivery was effective as a preventive treatment for reducing the risk of retained placenta in Holstein dairy cows. A total of 357 cows, each of which had delivered its calf spontaneously, were randomly allocated to one of two groups. In the treatment group, the cows (n = 175) received Sheng Hua Tang with an oral dose of 0.36 g crude herb per kg·body weight once daily for three consecutive days. The controls (n = 182) received no treatment. The placental retention proportion was 4.0% and 17.0% within 12 hours after delivery in the treated and control animals, respectively (P < 0.01). We found decreases in the calving-to-first-service interval (73.2 ± 25.1 vs. 81.9 ± 32.8 days; P < 0.01), calving-to-conception interval (93.4 ± 38.8 vs. 114.6 ± 42.9 days; P < 0.01), and service per conception (1.5 ± 0.8 vs. 1.9 ± 1.0 days; P < 0.01) in the treatment group compared with the control group. The first artificial insemination conception proportion was higher in the treatment group than in the control group (60.4% vs. 41.1%; P = 0.01). Moreover, the between-group difference in the proportion of cows that were pregnant within 180 days postpartum approached statistical significance (88.2% vs. 80.6%; P = 0.07). Sheng Hua Tang showed beneficial effects in reducing the incidence of retained placenta and improving subsequent reproductive performance in cows. This preventive treatment strategy would be effective in improving the management of puerperal health. The potential benefits of Sheng Hua Tang warrant further investigation to determine whether this preventive treatment strategy can be endorsed as

  11. Status on the Searches of Neutrino Magnetic Moment at the Kuo-Sheng Power Reactor

    CERN Document Server

    Wong, H T

    2002-01-01

    The TEXONO collaboration has been built up among scientists from Taiwan and China to pursue an experimental program in neutrino and astro-particle physics. The flagship efforts have been the study of low energy neutrino physics at the Kuo-Sheng Power Reactor Plant in Taiwan. The Reactor Laboratory is equipped with flexibly-designed shieldings, cosmic veto systems, electronics and data acquisition systems which can function with different detector schemes. Data are taken during the Reactor Period June-01 till April-02 with a high purity germanium detector and 46 kg of CsI(Tl) crystal scintillator array operating in parallel. A threshold of 5 keV has been achieved for the germanium detector, and the background level comparable to those of Dark Matter experiments underground is achieved. Based on 62/46 days of analyzed Reactor ON/OFF data, a preliminary result of $\\rm{(\\munue / 10^{-10} \\mub)^2 = - 1.1 \\pm 2.5}$ can be derived for neutrino magnetic moment $\\munue$. Sensitivity region on neutrino radiative decay ...

  12. Macerals of Shengli Lignite in Inner Mongolia of China and Their Combustion Reactivity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ying Yue Teng

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The macerals, including fusinitic coal containing 72.20% inertinite and xyloid coal containing 91.43% huminite, were separated from Shengli lignite using an optical microscope, and their combustion reactivity was examined by thermogravimetric analysis. Several combustion parameters, including ignition and burnout indices, were analyzed, and the combustion kinetics of the samples were calculated by regression. Fusinitic coal presented a porous structure, while xyloid coal presented a compact structure. The specific surface area of fusinitic coal was 2.5 times larger than that of xyloid coal, and the light-off temperature of the former was higher than that of the latter. However, the overall combustion reactivity of fusinitic coal was better than that of xyloid coal. The combustion processes of fusinitic and xyloid coals can be accurately described by both the homogeneous model and the shrinking core model. The features of xyloid coal agree with the shrinking core model when its conversion rate is 10%–90%. The activation energy of fusinitic coal during combustion can be divided into three phases, with the middle phase featuring the highest energy. The activation energy of xyloid coal is lower than that of fusinitic coal in the light-off phase, which may explain the low light-off temperature of this coal.

  13. Study on Quality Standard of ShengXue Granules%升血颗粒质量标准研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴晓雁; 王玉洁; 魏学兵

    2014-01-01

    目的:建立升血颗粒的质量标准。方法:采用薄层色谱(TLC)法对升血颗粒中山茱萸、黄芪、丹参、麦门冬进行定性鉴别;采用高效液相色谱法对升血颗粒中马钱苷的含量进行定量测定。结果:TLC 斑点清晰、分离度好,阴性对照无干扰;马钱苷进样量在0.0752~0.451μg/mL范围内与峰面积呈良好线性关系(r=0.9983),平均加样回收率为96.2%,RSD=2.3%(n=6)。结论:所建立的标准可用于升血颗粒的质量控制。%Objective:To establish quality control of ShengXue granules. Methods:ShanZhuYu(Cornus offici-nalis), HuangQi (radix Astragalus), DanShen (radix salviae miltiorrhizae) and MaiMenDong [Ophitopogin japonicum (L.f) Ker.-Gawl.] in ShengXue granules were identified by TLC;the contents of loganin were determined by HPLC. Results:TCL figures were distinct and reproducible, the blank test showed no interference;loganin showed better linear relationship in the range between 0.0752 and 0.451μg/mL and peak areas (r=0.998 3), average recovery rate was 96.2%, RSD=2.3%(n=6). Conclusion:The standard could be used in quality control of ShengXue granules.

  14. Distribution characteristics of terrestrial heat flow density in Jiyang depression of Shengli Oilfield, East China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GONG Yuling; WANG Liangshu; LIU Shaowen; LI Cheng; HAN Yongbing; LI Hua; LIU Bo; CAI Jingong

    2004-01-01

    Based on the geo-temperature data of 13 systematically continuous temperature log curves and 700 testing oil boreholes in Jiyang depression, Shengli Oilfield, and the measured thermal conductivities of 47 rock samples, the terrestrial heat flow densities of 114 boreholes of Jiyang depression and its surrounding areas are determined, including 13 of those data derived from systemically continuous temperature logging. The results show that Jiyang depression has a relatively high background heat flow with an average value (65.8 ± 5.4) mW/m2. The lateral variation of heat flow in basin has negative correlation with basement depth. Moreover, heat flow of uplift areas with shallower basement is high, so are those of regions with volcanic rocks, and those of depression areas with deep basement are relatively low. The heat flow densities of different structural units of Jiyang depression can be summarized as follows: The average heat flow value of Zhanhua sag is (67.4 ± 5.3) mW/m2, higher than that of the whole basin, that of Dongying sag is (66.0 ± 6.1) mW/m2, and that of Chezhen sag is (65.1 ± 3.7) mW/m2. It is apparent that these latter two values are approximate to the average value of the whole Jiyang depression,while the average value of Huimin sag is (63.6±5.0) mW/m2, lower than that of the whole basin. In fact, the basement depth and the distribution framework of uplift and depression areas are all controlled by the process of lithosphere extension. In addition, the distribution of volcanic rocks in basin is also relatively close to this extension geodynamic process. In summary, the distribution characteristics of terrestrial heat flow of Jiyang depression is determined by the Cenozoic tectono-thermal events of this region.

  15. A Discussion of" "Si Sheng Bi Yi"%“四声别义”浅议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张东赞

    2012-01-01

    “四声别义”作为一种语法手段,词语的单音节形式是其存在的一个重要条件,随着汉语双音节化的发展,“四声别义”所依存的语音环境受到了影响。在概念内容没有发生变化的情况下,通过改变声调来实现词语自身语法功能的变化,这决定了其在使用范围上的局限性,以上因素在一定程度上导致了“四声别义”语法功能的弱化。%As for "si sheng bie yi", a means of grammar, one single syllable is an important condition. Along with the development of Chinese double syllable, the interdependence of phonetic environment was affected. On the concept content of the words did not change, by changing the tone to achieve words grammatical function, which also determine its use scope limitation, these factors resulted in a degree of " si sheng bie yi " grammatical function of weakening.

  16. A Novel Pharmacological Method to Study the Chinese Medicinal Formula Hua-Zheng-Hui-Sheng-Dan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rui Cao

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives. Hua-Zheng-Hui-Sheng-Dan (HZHSD was used as an experimental model to explore research methods of large formulae in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM using current molecular biology approaches. Materials and Methods. The trypan blue exclusion assay was used to determine cell viability and cell numbers. Flow cytometry was used to assess cell cycle distribution and apoptosis. The concentration of cyclin D1 was analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The median effect principle was used in drug combination studies. An orthogonal experimental design was used to estimate the effects of each herb at different concentrations. The HeLa xenograft mouse model was used to compare the antitumor activity of drugs in vivo. Results. Among the 35 herbs that comprise HZHSD, Radix Rehmanniae Preparata (RRP, Caesalpinia sappan (CS, Evodia rutaecarpa (ER, Folium Artemisiae Argyi (FAA, Leonurus japonicus Houtt (LJH, Tumeric (Tu, Radix Paeoniae Alba (RPA, and Trogopterus Dung (TD effectively inhibited the proliferation of HeLa and SKOV3 cells. Only RRR had an effect on HeLa and SKOV3 cell viability. According to the median effect principle, Angelica sinensis (Oliv. (AS, Tabanus (Ta, and Pollen Typhae (PT, which were proven to have a significant synergistic inhibitory effect on the proliferation of HeLa cells, were added to the original eight positive herbs. The combination of RPA and AS had a synergistic effect on inducing cell cycle S phase arrest and decreasing intracellular cyclin D1 in HeLa cells. By orthogonal experimental design, LJH and Tu were considered unnecessary herbs. The small formula (SHZHSD consisted of RPA, AS, RRR, Ta., TD, PT, ER, CS, and FAA and was able to inhibit cell proliferation and induce cell apoptosis. The antitumor effects of HZHSD and SHZHSD were also compared in vivo. Conclusions. Through molecular biology approaches both in vitro and in vivo, research into single drugs, and analysis using the median effect principle

  17. Clinical Observation on Therapeutic Effect of Ji De Sheng She Yao Tablet on 16 Cases with AIDS Complicated by Herpes Zoster

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    @@The Ji De Sheng She Yao tablet (季德胜蛇药片)is a drug for snake-bites and insect bites. According to recent reports, this drug has been used to treat herpes zoster, hepatitis B, parotitis, nephrotic syndrome, acute conjunctivitis, recurrent aphtha, urticaria, etc.1 with good therapeutic effects. More than half of the AIDS patients suffered from herpes zoster. The area of skin lesion in AIDS patients is larger than that of the patients without AIDS and the pain lasts longer. Many cases have keloids and depigmentation for months, even severe pain till their death. Routine therapeutic methods are not satisfactory in therapeutic effects. The expert group of traditional Chinese medicine for cooperative research on AIDS used Ji De Sheng She Yao tablets (季德胜蛇药片) to treat AIDS complicated by herpes zoster for the first time and the results are reported as follows.

  18. Immunomodulatory Effect of Chinese Herbal Medicine Formula Sheng-Fei-Yu-Chuan-Tang in Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Acute Lung Injury Mice

    OpenAIRE

    Chia-Hung Lin; Ching-Hua Yeh; Li-Jen Lin; Shulhn-Der Wang; Jen-Shu Wang; Shung-Te Kao

    2013-01-01

    Traditional Chinese medicine formula Sheng-Fei-Yu-Chuan-Tang (SFYCT), consisting of 13 medicinal plants, was used to treat patients with lung diseases. This study investigated the immunoregulatory effect of SFYCT on intratracheal lipopolysaccharides- (LPS-) challenged acute lung injury (ALI) mice. SFYCT attenuated pulmonary edema, macrophages, and neutrophils infiltration in the airways. SFYCT decreased inflammatory cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor- α (TNF α ), interleukin-1 β , and...

  19. Lian-Sheng Ma, Editor-in-Chief of WJG, warmly meets Professor Hugh J Freeman from the University of British Columbia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Lian-Sheng Ma, Editor-in-Chief of World Journal of Gastroenterology (WJG), warmly met Professor Hugh J Freeman from the University of British Columbia at Peninsula Hotel in Beijing on August 28, 2007. Professor Hugh J Freeman gave much helpful advice toward the further development of WJG. He will serve as series editor for a new column called OBSERVER which will start in WJG in 2008.

  20. 胜利油田存货管理的问题及对策%On The Inventory Management Problems and Its Solution in Shengli Oilfiled

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓君

    2015-01-01

    Being an important asset of an enterprise,inventory can't be ignored in enterprise management.As a large state-owned enterprise,Shengli Oilfield has many kinds of inventories,which occupy much fund.Therefore,it is especially impor-tant to improve the benefits of Shengli Oilfield by carrying out the correct inventory management,reducing the average level of fund occupation,speeding up the inventory flow and the turnover rate of total assets.Based on the actual work,the list of the problems on the inventory management and the proposal for solution has been put forward in this article,which is of some cer-tain reference value for the inventory management in Shengli Oilfield.%存货是企业的重要资产,是企业管理中不可忽视的一部分。胜利油田作为大型国有企业,存货种类名目繁多,资金占用额度大,因而通过实施正确的存货管理方法,降低企业的平均资金占用水平,提高存货的流转速度和总资产周转率等办法来提高胜利油田效益尤为重要。

  1. Clinical Observation on Sheng's Black Plaster in the Treatment of Tendon Injury%生氏黑膏药治疗筋伤的临床观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    生家耀

    2012-01-01

    目的:探讨生氏黑膏药治疗筋伤的临床疗效.方法:196例筋伤患者采用生氏黑膏药(由麝香、牛黄、珍珠、三七、鹿茸、冰片、血竭、鳖甲等90味原料制成)治疗.结果:痊愈162例,好转30例,无效4例,有效率97.95%.结论:生氏黑膏药治疗筋伤的疗效显著.%Objective:To observe clinical effects of Sheng's Black Plaster on the treatment of tendon injury. Methods: 196 patients of tendon injury were treated by the Sheng's Black Plaster( composed of 90 herbs such as Musk, Bezoar,Genuine pearl, Panax notoginseng, Cornua cervi pantotrichum, Malayan camphor, Daemonorops draco, Carapax trionycis and so on). Results: After treatment, 162 cases were healed,30 were improved,4 were ineffective and the effective rate was 97. 95% . Conclusion:The Sheng's Black Plaster has significant curative effects on the treatment of tendon injury.

  2. [Tai ping sheng hui fang (Taiping Holy Prescriptions for Universal Relief) and the compilation during the early Song Dynasty].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Yi

    2010-07-01

    Tai ping sheng hui fang, the first medical formulary of the Song Dynasty, compiled from the 3(rd) year of Taiping-xingguo reign to the 3(rd) year of Chunhua reign (978 ∼ 992), under the edict of the Taizong Emperor, was popularly applied and extensively circulated and called "the first formulary of the Dynasty". It is extremely significant in the medical history of the Song Dynasty due to its theory of prescription art, practical prescriptions and clinical practice. During the process of its circulation, different versions appeared, including the Guozijian Orthodox Version, Guozijian Small-character Version, Chongwen Hall Abridged Version, Newly Carved Version of Zhuanyunsi, and the Local Abridged Version, thus adapting to the demands of various walks of life in the society. Its unique role in the development of the Song society was founded by its introduction, application and popularization by the emperors, local officials, medical scholars, diplomatic envoys, and intellectuals. The "kind administration" of the authority and the government was further greatly facilitated by the involvement of the government and the introduction of printing. Its practical prescriptions became forceful tools to prevent and treat diseases, to conquer witchcraft, to protect local social security, and to pronounce the merits of officials and physicians at all levels.

  3. 生脉颗粒质量标准研究%Research on Quality Standard of ShengMai Granules

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王莲萍; 刘专专; 孙岩; 杨玉华; 孙裕

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To establish a method for quality standard of ShengMai granules. Methods:The contents of schisandrin in WuWeiZi (Schisandra chinensis) were determined by HPLC and distinguished by TLC. Chromatographic column:phenomenex Luna C18 (150×4.60 mm, 5μm);mobile phase:methyl alcohol-0.1%phosphoric acid solution (60∶40);flow rate:1.0 mL/min;detection wavelength:250 nm. Results:TLC method was simple and the blank test demonstrated no interference. Schisandrin demonstrated better linear relationship in the range between 0.0 712 and 2.136μg, r=0.9 99 9, average recovery rate was 97.23%. Conclusion:The method is simple, rapid, specific and feasible.%目的:建立生脉颗粒质量标准控制方法。方法:采用TLC五味子薄层鉴别方法以及HPLC法测定五味子中五味子醇甲的含量。色谱柱:phenomenexLuna C18(150×4.60 mm,5μm);流动相:甲醇-0.1%磷酸溶液(60∶40);流速:1.0 mL/min;检测波长:250 nm。结果:薄层鉴别方法简单,阴性无干扰;五味子醇甲在0.0712~2.136μg呈良好的线性关系,r=0.9999,平均回收率为97.23%;结论:该方法简单、快速、专属性强、可操作性强。

  4. Distribution and geological feature of the coal-Ge deposit of Shengli coalfield in Inner Mongolia of China

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huang Wen-hui; Sun Lei; Ma Yan-ying; Wan Huan; Tang Xiu-Yi (and others) [China University of Geosciences, Beijing (China). School of Energy Resources

    2007-11-15

    The paper discusses the geology of the coal-germanium (coal-Ge) deposits and the distribution of germanium in the coal seams of the Shengli coalfield. This coalfield is in the Wunite depression in the west of the Erlian basin and belongs to a wide syncline and the layer is smooth. The coal-Ge grew in the Early Cretaceous period of fault depression. The distribution of the high germanium layer is controlled by two faults which are on both sides, and the layer is shallow and thin in the south and deep and thick in the north. The concentration of germanium is high in both south and north (>400 x 10{sup -6}) and lower in east and west (about 200 x 10{sup -6}), like a saddle. The concentration declines quickly towards the centre of the basin. On the vertical, there can be several peak values on the coal column. The dirt band of the bottom of the coal column has an industrial value higher than industrial grade. On the top layer and backplane the concentration is very low and has no industrial value. The distribution of germanium is associated with the mineralized palaeogeology, the change of palaeoenvironment and is affected by the swamp micro-milieu and hydrodynamic forces. These make the germanium concentration undulatory in the coal seam. Adopting the method of geologic block, the estimated reserves of germanium are about 1,805 t in an estimated area of 1,0975 km{sup 2}. 19 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

  5. IRP/DSM Research and Demonstrating Engineering Report of Shengli Oil Field%胜利油田IRP/DSM研究与示范工程报告

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘军; 江武敏; 高月民; 张小宁; 严川; 尤春蓉

    2002-01-01

    @@ 1 Project Background In July 1995, China Oil and Natural Gas Corporation brings forward IRP/DSM research at the "9th Five-year Plan" electric program and research' s meeting. In July 1996, China Traffic and Energy Department of the State Planning Committee authorized the project about IRP/DSM research at Shengli Oil Field. In 1997, the project was put in oil field key science and technology program. This is a project about IRP/DSM research and implementation with key body of large electric users, and is the first project as the key body of large electric users inland.

  6. Cardioprotection by combination of three compounds from ShengMai preparations in mice with myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury through AMPK activation-mediated mitochondrial fission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Fang; Fan, Xiaoxue; Zhang, Yu; Pang, Lizhi; Ma, Xiaonan; Song, Meijia; Kou, Junping; Yu, Boyang

    2016-01-01

    GRS is a drug combination of three active components including ginsenoside Rb1, ruscogenin and schisandrin. It derived from the well-known TCM formula ShengMai preparations, a widely used traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases in clinic. The present study explores the cardioprotective effects of GRS on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (MI/R) injury compared with ShengMai preparations and investigates the underlying mechanisms. GRS treatment significantly attenuated MI/R injury and exhibited similar efficacy as Shengmai preparations, as evidenced by decreased myocardium infarct size, ameliorated histological features, the decrease of LDH production and improved cardiac function, and also produced a significant decrease of apoptotic index. Mechanistically, GRS alleviated myocardial apoptosis by inhibiting the mitochondrial mediated apoptosis pathway as reflected by inhibition of caspase-3 activity, normalization of Bcl-2/Bax levels and improved mitochondrial function. Moreover, GRS prevented cardiomyocytes mitochondrial fission and upregulated AMPKα phosphorylation. Interestingly, AMPK activation prevented hypoxia and reoxygenation induced mitochondrial fission in cardiomyocytes and GRS actions were significantly attenuated by knockdown of AMPKα. Collectively, these data show that GRS is effective in mitigating MI/R injury by suppressing mitochondrial mediated apoptosis and modulating AMPK activation-mediated mitochondrial fission, thereby providing a rationale for future clinical applications and potential therapeutic strategy for MI/R injury. PMID:27869201

  7. Developing an Activity and Absorption-based Quality Control Platform for Chinese Traditional Medicine: Application to Zeng-Sheng-Ping

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, Taijun; Yang, Guanyi; Ma, Yong; Xu, Beibei; Hu, Ming; You, Ming; Gao, Song

    2015-01-01

    Ethnopharmacological relevance Zeng-Sheng-Ping (ZSP) is a marketed Chinese traditional medicine used for cancer prevention. Aim of the study Currently, for the quality control of Chinese traditional medicines, marker compounds are not selected based on bioactivities and pharmaceutical behaviors in most of the cases. Therefore, even if the “quality” of the medicine is controlled, the pharmacological effect could still be inconsistent. The aim of this study is to establish an activity and absorption-based platform to select marker compound(s) for the quality control of Chinese traditional medicines. Materials and methods We used ZSP as a reference Chinese traditional medicine to establish the platform. Activity guided fractionation approach was used to purify the major components from ZSP. NMR and MS spectra were used to elucidate the structure of the isolated compounds. MTT assay against oral carcinoma cell line (SCC2095) was performed to evaluate the activities. UPLC-MS/MS was used to quantify the pure compounds in ZSP and the active fraction. The permeabilities of the identified compounds were evaluated in the Caco-2 cell culture model. The intracellular accumulation of the isolated compounds was evaluated in the SCC2095 cells. Results The major compounds were identified from ZSP. The contents, anti-proliferation activities, permeabilities, and intracellular accumulations of these compounds were also evaluated. The structure of these purified compounds were identified by comparing the NMR and MS data with those of references as rutaevine (1), limonin (2) , evodol (3), obacunone (4), fraxinellone (5), dictamnine (6), maackiain (7), trifolirhizin (8), and matrine (9). The IC50 of compounds 5, 6, and 7 against SCC2095 cells were significantly lower than that of ZSP. The uptake permeability of compounds 5, 6, and 7 were 2.58 ± 0. 3 × 10−5, 4.33 ± 0.5 × 10−5, and 4.27 ± 0.8 × 10−5 respectively in the Caco-2 cell culture model. The intracellular

  8. Effectiveness of Traditional Chinese Medicine Compound JieDuTongLuoShengJin Granules Treatment in Primary Sjögren’s Syndrome: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ben Li

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. To evaluate the clinical therapeutic efficacy and safety of JieDuTongLuoShengJin granules + HCQ in patients with pSS. Methods. 40 patients with low-activity-level pSS and without visceral involvement participated in this study and were randomized to receive either JieDuTongLuoShengJin granules with HCQ or placebo with HCQ. Patients and investigators were blinded to treatment allocation. The primary endpoint was week 12 ESSPRI score, while secondary endpoints included ESSDAI, salivary and lacrimal gland function, and some laboratory variables. Safety-related data were also assessed. Results. Comparing with the placebo group, the treatment group experienced statistically significant improvement in the mean change from baseline for the primary endpoint of ESSPRI score and also in PGA. Moreover, in comparison with baseline values, the treatment group had significantly improved ESSDAI score, unstimulated saliva flow rate, and several laboratory variables. However, upon comparison of the two groups, there were no significant differences for them. The incidence of AEs was 10.0%, one in treatment group and three in placebo group. Conclusion. Treatment with a combination of JieDuTongLuoShengJin granules with HCQ is effective in improving patients’ subjective symptoms and some objective indicators of pSS. These results indicate that JieDuTongLuoShengJin is promising as a safe and effective treatment of pSS.

  9. Sheng-Sheng:The Virtue of the Heaven-and-Earth and the Fulfillment of Human Being:The Cosmic Interpretation of Meaning in Confucianism and Taoism%“生生”:天地之德,人生之的--先秦儒、道思想中的意义世界通诠

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于述胜

    2015-01-01

    The major tradition of Confucianism and Taoism systems in Chinese philosophical meaning world is centered on the integrative wholes explicable in three major terms:the Inseparable Unity of Heav-en and Man(天人一体,all man are at one with Heaven),Mutual Induction between Thing and Men(物我感应,and Creative Creativity (生生,Sheng-sheng).Creative Creativity,which means literally in Chinese to beget or to create,is the fundamental direction of the heaven-and-earth’s creativity and meanwhile consti-tutes the virtue and the fulfillment of life.It considers the inseparable Unity of Heaven and Man as the precondition for man’s coming into being and interaction as fundamental mechanism whereby man can en-lighten the prospect of his life.The internal cosmic meaning of Sheng-sheng theory is that Heaven and Man are inseparable and therefore “nature”and “obligation”should be one;individuals should foster their good virtue and learning for self cultivation.All living beings including humans derive their existence from Creative Creativity which is being achieved as the good and holds human beings under its own way into harmony,and by which the final destiny of the universal constancy and the fulfillment of life are achieved.%“一体”“感应”与“生生”,是构筑儒、道意义世界的三大关节。其中,“生生”既是天地运化的根本趋向,也是人生在世的意义之源。它以“天人一体”为生存论前提,以“物我感应”为根本运化机制。“生生”之论的内在价值义蕴是:天人不二,故“自”、“当”一体;修其天爵,学以为己;成己成物,致中蹈和;素位而行,乐天知命。生人之道,尽乎此矣!

  10. Clinical experience of ZHANG Sheng-sheng treating problematic spleen-stomach diseases with regulating liver and spleen%张声生教授运用调肝理脾法治疗疑难脾胃病的临床经验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周滔; 张声生

    2013-01-01

    调肝理脾法为中医治疗大法之一,属“和法”的范畴.调肝理脾主要是协调肝脾功能,包含了各种调肝、理脾治法及相互配伍应用.张声生教授认为疑难脾胃病与肝脾失调关系更为密切,临床常表现为各种肝脾相关证候.张声生教授通过辨析疑难脾胃病的病机特点,采用相应调肝理脾治法,如疏肝健脾法、泄肝扶脾法、补脾泄肝法、补脾养肝法、泄肝和中法、柔肝滋脾法、暖肝温脾法、理气化瘀法、清利湿热法等,往往能取得良好临床疗效.%Regulating liver and spleen, one of methods of treatment, belongs to reconciliation method in TCM. Regulating liver and spleen means coordinating the function of liver and spleen, including all kinds of regulating liver, spleen, and combining each other. Professor ZHANG Sheng-sheng considers problematic spleen-stomach diseases are associated with irregulation of the function of liver and spleen, and show syndromes of irregulation of the function of liver and spleen. According to the syndrome differentiation, professor ZHANG Sheng-sheng analyzes the pathogenesis of irregulation of liver and spleen function and treats problematic spleen-stomach diseases with regulating liver and spleen, such as soothing liver and fortifying spleen, restraining liver and fortifying spleen, strengthening spleen and restraining liver, strengthening spleen and liver, restraining liver and harmonizing spleen and stomach, emolliating liver and nourishing spleen, worming liver and spleen, soothing qi and blood stasis, clearing heat and eliminating damp, and so on.

  11. Experience of ZOU Ju-sheng in Treatment of Dry Eye%邹菊生老师治疗干眼症经验总结

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董志国; 张殷建

    2011-01-01

    ZOU Ju-sheng teacher applied modern anatomy and traditional organs Classification to explore the etiology and pathogenesis of dry eye,and use of ophthalmic XuanFu theory, combined with LunZang relevant theories,using propaganda through the eye of the law of XuanFu to cure disease,available better effect.%邹菊生老师运用现代解剖与传统脏腑分属方式探寻干眼症的病因病机,并运用眼科玄府理论,结合轮脏相关学说,采用宣通眼部玄府之法论治本病,获得了较好疗效.

  12. Study on Quality Standard of ShengXue Granules%升血颗粒质量标准的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴晓雁; 王玉洁; 魏学兵

    2013-01-01

    目的:建立升血颗粒的质量标准。方法:采用薄层色谱(TLC)法对处方中山茱萸、黄芪、丹参、麦门冬进行定性鉴别;采用高效液相色谱法对制剂中马钱苷的含量进行定量测定。结果:TLC斑点清晰、分离度好,阴性对照无干扰;马钱苷进样量在0.0752~0.451μg/mL范围内与峰面积呈良好线性关系(r=0.9983),平均加样回收率为96.2%,RSD=2.3%(n=6)。结论:所建立的标准可用于升血颗粒的质量控制。%Objective: To establish quality standard for ShengXue granules. Method: The herbs including ShanZhuYu (Fructus Corni), HuangQi (radix astragali), DanShen (Salvia miltiorrhiza) and MaiMengDong (Radix Ophiopogonis) in the prescription were identified qualitatively through thin-layer chromatography (TLC); loganin contents were determined qualitatively by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Result:TCL spotting was clear with high resolution and the blank test showed no interference;the sample size of loganin showed better linear relationship in the range of 0.0752 to 0.451 μg/mL and peak area (r=0.998 3), average recovery rate was 96.2%, RSD=2.3%(n=6). Conclusion:The established standard could be used for quality control of ShengXue gran-ules.

  13. The Early Memory,Hometown Feeling,Subjectivity Growth of College Students Enrolled in 1978---Review on Hou Qingling's Jiao Bu Sheng Sheng%78级的早期记忆、原乡情愫与主体性成长--候清麟《脚步声声》文本解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李佳龙; 郑坚

    2014-01-01

    侯清麟《脚步声声》是一本具有自传体色彩的长篇小说,作者用纪实的手法、农家子弟的主观视角,还原了1978年高考恢复前后中国乡村社会的时代特征;以“青春记忆”为叙事脉络,完成了对角色主体性成长的描写与心路历程的刻画,生动呈现了78级大学生这一特殊群体的早期记忆。%Hou Qingling’s works Jiao Bu Sheng Sheng is a long novel with autobiography features.The writer’s documentary literary form and the plain subjective views from the husbandman restored the characteristics of China's rural areas in 1978 when the policy of college entrance examination resumed.Taking “the memories of youth”as the main thread of narrative,the author completed the depiction of the protagonist's journey which lead to his maturity and inward process which vividly presented the early memory of one generation who own the privilege to access university.

  14. 基于古医籍中生肌散用药配伍规律的分析研究%Study on Medication and Compatibility Laws of ShengJi Powder Based on Ancient Medical Works

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万学谦; 李廷保

    2014-01-01

    There are 74 medical works about ShengJi powder in Tang, Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties a-mong the works before Qing dynasty. There were 88 pieces of ShengJi powder with correct names appeared in 60 medical works, and 14 pieces of ShengJi powder in different names. Altogether 88 prescriptions involved 93 kinds of herbs which could be classified into 18 types, total frequency of single drug was 550 times, among them, core drug with the frequency above 30% were respectively ten kinds of herbs: calomel, frankincense, MoYao (Commiphora myrrha Eng1.), fossil fragments, XueJie (Resina Draconis), HaiErCha [Acacia catechu (Linn. f.) Willd.], ShengDan (Hydrargyrum Oxydatum Crudum Bottom), ChiShiZhi (Halloysitum Rubrum), Borneol and HaiPiaoXiao (Sepiella maindroni de Rochebrune), and the prescriptions were composed of the core drugs by the modification and compati-bility.%自清以前古医籍中,仅唐、宋、元、明、清五代共74部医籍涉及有关生肌散的方剂。其中60部出现正名生肌散88首,14部出现异名生肌散14首。88首复方中共涉及中药93种分为18类,单味用药总次数为550次,其中频率大于30%的核心中药分别为轻粉、乳香、没药、龙骨、血竭、孩儿茶、升丹、赤石脂、冰片、海螵蛸10种,并且大多数生肌散均由此核心药加减配伍而成。

  15. Clinical Observation on ShengBai Capsule in Treating Leucopenia%升白胶囊治疗白细胞减少症临床观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚金华; 田占雍; 赵淑芳; 韩明祖; 开金龙; 段赟

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To observe clinical effects of ShengBai capsule in the treatment for leucopenia. Meth-ods:All 195 patients were randomized into 105 cases of the treatment group (ShengBai capsule) and 90 cases of the control group (berberine hydrochloride). Routine blood examination was conducted once per week, the detection of liver function, renal function and blood glucose once per month, the improvements of clinical symptoms including lack of power, vertigo, insomnia and sore throat, WBC count were observed before and after treating. Results:Markedly effective rate of the treatment group was 53%, effective rate 42.14%, total effective rate 95.14%;markedly effective rate of the control group was 40.00%, effective rate 43.33%, total effective rate 83.33%, the difference demonstrated statistical meaning between both groups (P<0.01). Conclusion:ShengBai capsule could obviously in-crease WBC of the patients with leucopenia, it could significantly improve clinical symptoms of the patients, shorten the course of the treatment, its effects are better than berberine hydrochloride.%目的:观察升白胶囊治疗白细胞减少症的临床疗效。方法:将白细胞减少症患者195例随机分为治疗组105例服用升白胶囊治疗,对照组90例服用升白胺治疗。每周1次血常规检测,每月1次肝、肾功能及血糖检测,观察治疗前后白细胞计数及患者乏力、头晕、失眠、咽痛等临床症状改善情况。结果:治疗组显效率为53%,有效率为42.14%,总有效率为95.14%;对照组显效率为40.00%,有效率为43.33%,总有效率为83.33%,2组比较差异具有统计学意义(P<0.01)。结论:升白胶囊对于白细胞减少症患者有明显升高白细胞的作用,可明显改善患者临床症状,缩短疗程,疗效优于升白胺。

  16. A Systems Biology-Based Investigation into the Pharmacological Mechanisms of Sheng-ma-bie-jia-tang Acting on Systemic Lupus Erythematosus by Multi-Level Data Integration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Lin; Lv, Qi; Liu, Fenfen; Shi, Tieliu; Wen, Chengping

    2015-11-12

    Sheng-ma-bie-jia-tang (SMBJT) is a Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) formula that is widely used for the treatment of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) in China. However, molecular mechanism behind this formula remains unknown. Here, we systematically analyzed targets of the ingredients in SMBJT to evaluate its potential molecular mechanism. First, we collected 1,267 targets from our previously published database, the Traditional Chinese Medicine Integrated Database (TCMID). Next, we conducted gene ontology and pathway enrichment analyses for these targets and determined that they were enriched in metabolism (amino acids, fatty acids, etc.) and signaling pathways (chemokines, Toll-like receptors, adipocytokines, etc.). 96 targets, which are known SLE disease proteins, were identified as essential targets and the rest 1,171 targets were defined as common targets of this formula. The essential targets directly interacted with SLE disease proteins. Besides, some common targets also had essential connections to both key targets and SLE disease proteins in enriched signaling pathway, e.g. toll-like receptor signaling pathway. We also found distinct function of essential and common targets in immune system processes. This multi-level approach to deciphering the underlying mechanism of SMBJT treatment of SLE details a new perspective that will further our understanding of TCM formulas.

  17. Preparation of petroleum-degrading bacterial agent and its application in remediation of contaminated soil in Shengli Oil Field, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Yang; Zhang, Wen; Chen, Guanhong; Gao, Yongchao; Wang, Jianing

    2014-01-01

    Two petroleum-degrading strains were screened from oil fields and denoted as SWH-1 (Bacillus subtilis) and SWH-2 (Sphingobacterium multivorum), which were used to ferment and prepare bacterial agent to remediate petroleum-contaminated sites in Shengli Oil Field in China. The optimal liquid fermentation medium and conditions were MgSO₄·7H₂O (0.5%), NaCl (0.5%), soybean dregs (3%), pH 7.0, culturing at 30 °C, and 220 r/min for 16 h. Peat was chosen as the bacterial carrier due to its ability of keeping microbial activity. Mixed fermented liquid was added into peat (1:2) and air-dried, and the bacterial agent was obtained. It was applied to the petroleum-contaminated soil, which was irrigated, tilled, and fertilized. The removal rate reached 67.7% after 2 months of remediation. During remediation, the quantity of indigenous bacteria varied a lot, while the inoculated bacteria remained stable; the dehydrogenase activity was at high levels and then decreased. Indigenous microorganisms, inoculated bacterial agent, nutrients, water, and soil permeability all played important roles. The study prepared an environment-friendly bacterial agent and established a set of bioremediation technique, which provided further insights into integration of fermentation engineering and soil remediation engineering.

  18. Pipeline Corrosion Prevention Technical Research and Application in Shengli Oilifeld%胜利油田管道防腐技术研究及应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫方平

    2014-01-01

    In allusion to corrosion of pipeline in Shengli Oilfield,electrochemical testing method is used to study and analyze the influence law of factors in pressure ,temperature ,velocity of flow and pH value to corrosion. Electrochemical method and coupon weight methods are utilized to assess corrosion inhibitors A,B, C and D. It is indicated that corrosion inhibitors A has a best effect. Corrosion control tests with corrosion inhibitors A,Test results show that corrosion is effectively inhibited in the pipeline and economic benefit is improved afterward.%采用电化学试验方法,研究了压力、温度、流速和pH值等因素对腐蚀的影响规律。针对胜利油田管道腐蚀问题,采用电化学法和挂片法对A、B、C和D四种防腐剂进行了评价,结果表明,防腐剂A的防腐效果较好,选用防腐剂A进行现场试验,结果表明,加入防腐剂后有效抑制了腐蚀,有利于提高油田经济效益。

  19. Investigation on the catalytic effects of AAEM during steam gasification and the resultant char reactivity in oxygen using Shengli lignite at different forms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jianxin Mi; Ningbo Wang; Mingfeng Wang; Pengju Huo; Dan Liu

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the catalytic effects of alkali and alkaline earth metallic species (AAEM) on char conversion during the gasification in steam and the changes in ex-situ char reactivity in oxygen after the gasification in steam using different forms (i.e. H-form, Na-form) of Shengli brown coal. The surface area, AAEM concentration and carbon crystallite of chars were obtained to understand the change in char reactivity. It was found that not only Na concentration and carbon structure were the main factors governing the char reactivity in the atmosphere of steam and oxygen, but also they interacted each other. The presence of Na could facilitate the formation of disordering carbon structure in char, and the amorphous carbon structure would in turn affect the distribution of Na and thus its catalytic performance. The surface area and pore volume had very little relationship with the char’s reactivity. Addi-tionally, the morphology of chars from different forms of coals were observed using scanning electron microscope (SEM).

  20. The measurement of the H2S in the pre-desulfurization of natural gas in the Shengli oil field with the TDL

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shu, Xiao-wen; Zhang, Yu-jun; Yu, Dian-qiang; Zhang, Shuai; Cui, Yi-ben; Kan, Rui-feng; He, Ying; Geng, Hui; Dong, Jin-ting; Liu, Wen-qing

    2009-07-01

    Hydrogen Sulfide, with the character of erosion and strong toxicity, is a kind of associated gas of nature gas. How to measure and monitor the hydrogen sulfide concentration becomes an important issue to be solved in nature gas transfer-process. Online measurement for the hydrogen sulfide concentration before the desulphurization remains very difficult in Bonan gas gathering station of SINOPEC Shengli Oil Field (SOF).TDL(Tunable Diode Laser) can relative easily select the absorption line of the detecting gas without the interference from other gas thus make the rapid and accurate hydrogen sulfide measurement a possible. In this paper, a hydrogen sulfide measurement system is designed and then be carried out in Bonan gas gathering station of (SOF) .The implemented experiments showed the system effectively solved some problems such as overfall, temperature and pressure. After comparing the hydrogen sulfide online detection sensor of the TDLAS industry with the long hydrogen sulfide detection tube, the linear fitted relationship with the correlation coefficient of 99.96% between them was attained. In order to meet the requests of industrial field anti-explosion, the open-path optical coupling technology was performed in china for the first time. All the results demonstrate that the system will be put into use and enjoy a high application in the near future.

  1. 查慎行与《长生殿》案%A Study on Zha Shenxing and the Case of Chang Sheng Dian

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李圣华

    2015-01-01

    清代是一个寒士诗大盛的时代,查慎行不愧为康熙朝江湖寒士诗第一家。追溯其江湖寒士之调的形成,《长生殿》案无疑是重要的“催化剂”。《长生殿》案虽起于黄六鸿攻击报复赵执信,但查慎行、洪昇、陈奕培等四门之员“同被吏议”,已决定了这场案事并非专对赵执信而发。将《长生殿》案比连于“南北党争”,悖于史实;将之归于纯粹的“个人意气之争”,虽揭示出事件的偶然性,但又不免将问题简单化。《长生殿》案与康熙中叶士风有着密切的关系,并对文学走向产生了一定的影响。“南查北赵”及洪昇受案事牵连最剧。查慎行未曾进学,其国子生资格来之不易。在这场风波作用下,慎行科举心态、人生道路、诗歌创作都发生明显的变化。在江湖载酒的人生重塑中,慎行养成“山野之性”,从而促成一代江湖寒士之调。%The poetry of poor scholar flourished in the Qing dynasty, and Zha Shenxing was one of the best poetsof his generation. To study the forma-tionof his poetry style of wandering poor scholar, it could be traced to the case of Chang Sheng Dian;Even though the cause of this case was Huan Liuhong attacked Zhao Zhishen for revenge, but Zha Shenxing and Hongsheng and Chen Yipei were also punished, which meant the content was enlarged. The case had no relation with political strugglebetween the South party and the North party. At the same time, it was not an absolute struggleof personal ani-mosity, because it was caused by the fashion ofpresence of ancient scholarsthat was popularin the middle of Kangxi era. Being involved in the case of Chang Sheng Dian not only changed Zha Shenxing's mind-set of taking the imperial examination, but also helped to bring about his poetry style of wan-dering poor scholar.

  2. Analysis of Sheng-Mai-San, a Ginseng-Containing Multiple Components Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine Using Liquid Chromatography Tandem Mass Spectrometry and Physical Examination by Electron and Light Microscopies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Yung-Yi; Tsai, Tung-Hu

    2016-09-01

    Sheng-Mai-San is a multi-component traditional Chinese herbal preparation. Due to the fact granulated additives, such as starch, carboxymethyl cellulose, lactose and raw herbal powder may alter the content of the bioactive markers in the herbal products, a developed ultra-high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS) method was used to measure the herbal biomarkers of ginsenoside Rb₁, Rb₂, Rc, Rd, Re, Rg₁, Rh₁, compound K, ophiopogonin D and schizandrin from the Sheng-Mai-San herbal formulation. Besides, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to observe the morphology of the herbal granular powders. Light microscopy with Congo red and iodine-KI reagent staining was used to identify the cellulose fiber and cornstarch added to pharmaceutical herbal products. The swelling power (SP), water solubility index (WSI), and crude fiber analysis were used to determine the contents of cellulose fiber and cornstarch in pharmaceutical herbal products. In this study, we developed a novel skill to assess the quantification of appended cornstarch in pharmaceutical herbal products using Aperio ImageScope software. Compared with the traditional cornstarch analysis, our analysis method is a rapid, simple and conversion process which could be applied to detect the percentage of added cornstarch in unknown powder products. The various range of the herbal content for the five pharmaceutical manufacturers varied by up to several hundreds-fold. The physical examination reveals that the morphology of the herbal pharmaceutical products is rough and irregular with sharp layers. This study provides a reference standard operating procedure guide for the quality control of the Chinese herbal pharmaceutical products of Sheng-Mai-San.

  3. Estimate of heavy metals in soil and streams using combined geochemistry and field spectroscopy in Wan-sheng mining area, Chongqing, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Lian; Jian, Ji; Tan, De-Jun; Xie, Hong-Bing; Luo, Zhen-Fu; Gao, Bo

    2015-02-01

    Heavy metals contaminated soils and water will become a major environmental issue in the mining areas. This paper intends to use field hyper-spectra to estimate the heavy metals in the soil and water in Wan-sheng mining area in Chongqing. With analyzing the spectra of soil and water, the spectral features deriving from the spectral of the soils and water can be found to build the models between these features and the contents of Al, Cu and Cr in the soil and water by using the Stepwise Multiple Linear Regression (SMLR). The spectral features of Al are: 480 nm, 500 nm, 565 nm, 610 nm, 680 nm, 750 nm, 1000 nm, 1430 nm, 1755 nm, 1887 nm, 1920 nm, 1950 nm, 2210 nm, 2260 nm; The spectral features of Cu are: 480 nm, 500 nm, 610 nm, 750 nm, 860 nm, 1300 nm, 1430 nm, 1920 nm, 2150 nm, 2260 nm; And the spectral features of Cr are: 480 nm, 500 nm, 610 nm, 715 nm, 750 nm, 860 nm, 1300 nm, 1430 nm, 1755 nm, 1920 nm, 1950 nm. With these features, the best models to estimate the heavy metals in the study area were built according to the maximal R2. The R2 of the models of estimating Al, Cu and Cr in the soil and water are 0.813, 0.638, 0.604 and 0.742, 0.584, 0.513 respectively. And the gradient maps of these three types of heavy metals' concentrations can be created by using the Inverse distance weighted (IDW).The gradient maps indicate that the heavy metals in the soil have similar patterns, but in the North-west of the streams in the study area, the contents are of great differences. These results show that it is feasible to predict contaminated heavy metals in the soils and streams due to mining activities by using the rapid and cost-effective field spectroscopy.

  4. The Clinical Research on the Important Role for the Elephant Leather on the Sheng Ji Xiang Pi Ointment%生肌象皮膏中象皮作用与地位的临床研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李京向; 陈宝元; 阎伯君; 关靖; 薛晓东

    2011-01-01

    Objective: Sheng Ji Xiang Pi Ointment, one of representative drugs of traditional Chinese medicine for external use,which has granulating functions,con treat various boils and sores,particularly to the stage of ulceration------pus and carrion almost vanished, skin and muscle has not growth yet. But wild elephants belong to the protected species and has been clearly prohibited to be killed and traded by the international organization. Then the Sheng Ji Xiang Pi Ointment can not be used any more as a result of no elephant leather. We try to realize the importance of elephant leather on the Sheng Ji Xiang Pi Ointment from the clinical re search. If elephant leather has an important role on the Sheng Ji Xiang Pi Ointment, then we try to make the best substitutes for el ephant leather in the future. Methods: 60 patients of chronic ulcers were randomly divided into two groups (treatment group and control group). Based on the control of blood sugar,infection and blood pressure and other basic treatment,ulcer wound was treated mainly with external treatment. Only when the most carrion had been discharged from the wound, did the two groups of patients are treated with Sheng Ji Xiang Pi Ointment and Sheng Ji Xiang Pi Ointment without elephant leather respectively, recorded in de tail the wound granulation, epithelialization, secretions and the pH of wound. Results :After 30 days, there had significant difference between the two groups(P<0.05)on the clinical effective rate,on the quality and the quantity of wound secretion,on the epitheli al growth and the growth of granulation,on the pH of wound of two groups,on the time when the wound began to secrete pus,grow epithelial and to grow fresh granulation. Conclusion : Elephant leather had an important effect in the Sheng Ji Xiang Pi Ointment and there was significant difference between Sheng Ji Xiang Pi Ointment and the Sheng Ji Xiang Pi Ointment without elephant leather on the clinical research.%目的:生肌象皮膏是具

  5. [Comparative study of theoretical literature on cold pathogenic disease in Wai tai mi yao fang (Arcane Essentials from the Imperial Library) and Tai ping sheng hui fang (Taiping Holy Prescriptions for Universal Relief)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Huirui; Liang, Yongxuan

    2014-09-01

    In the Wai tai mi yao fang (Arcane Essentials from the Imperial Library) compiled in 752, its portion on cold pathogenic disorders embodies the achievements before the mid Tang Dynasty, whereas that in the Tai ping sheng hui fang (Taiping Holy Prescriptions for Universal Relief), compiled in 992 embodies those before the early Song Dynasty. Comparison on the theory of cold disorders in both books reveal that, during the 2 centuries period from mid Tang to early Song Dynasties, the texts as a carrier for the transmission of such theory in both show no distinct changes, but only with minor revisions and improvements.

  6. The Translator’s Subjectivity under George Steiner’s Fourfold Translation Mo-tion Theory-A Case Study on Lin Yutang’s Translation of Fu Sheng Liu Ji

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱志遥

    2013-01-01

    Since the advent of the cultural turn in translation studies in the 1970s, the focus of translation studies has been shifted to the subjectivity of translators. This paper attempts to make a tentative probe into the translator ’s subjectivity manifested in the translation of Fu Sheng Liu Ji by Shen Fu on the basis of George Steiner’s fourfold translation motion theory, namely“trust”,“aggression”,“incorporation”and“compensation”. By the study, we may obtain scientific understanding of how the translation is shaped by the translator’s subjectivity, thus affirming the importance and necessity of the later in literary translation.

  7. Analysis on the finalized date and first carving time of Wei sheng bao jian (The Precious Mirror of ;Hygiene)%《卫生宝鉴》成书及初刊年代辨析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    温雯婷; 虞舜

    2015-01-01

    The Wei sheng bao jian ( The Precious Mirror of Hygiene) , written by Luo Tianyi should be finished in the spring of 1283. The wrong date of 1281 was a mistake coming from Yanjian’ s Preface, while the complete date of 1343 was a misunderstanding on “Guiwei year of the Zhiyuan reign” in Wan-gyun’ s Preface. The hypothesis that Wei sheng bao jian was first carved in 1294 or before the Tang ye ben cao ( Materia Medica for Decoctions) is also groundless. The book was probably completed, carved and dis-tributed in the same year, or no later than 1307, even if it was not carved in the same year right after its completion.%罗天益所撰《卫生宝鉴》应成书于1283年春。成书于1281年之说,是据《砚坚序》的错误推理;成书于1343年之说,是对《王恽序》“至元癸未”的误解。《卫生宝鉴》初刊于《汤液本草》之前或1294年之说,均不足为据。此书成书当年可能即刊刻行世;即便成书当年没有刊刻,初刊年也不晚于1307年。

  8. Clinical Experience of Professor Zhai Wen-sheng Treatment of Primary IgA Nephropathy%翟文生教授治疗免疫球蛋白A沉积性肾病(IgA nephropathy)的经验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵小静

    2011-01-01

    目的:总结翟文生教授治疗原发性免疫球蛋白A沉积性肾病(IgA nephropathy)临床经验.方法:探讨该病的病因病机,提出热、瘀、虚是IgA肾病病机、辨证论治的关键;重视清热解毒利咽、活血化瘀、扶正补虚在治疗中的作用.结果与结论:翟文生教授治疗Isa肾病的经验对临床有重要的指导意义.%Objective:To summarize the clinical experience of professor ZhaiWenSheng treatment of primary IgA nephropathy. Methods:To explore the causes and pathogenesis f the disease,proposed heat, blood stasis, virtual is pathogenesis of IgA nephropathy, syndrome differentiation and treatment key, Attention clearing heat and the pharynx, promoting blood circulation to remove blood stasis, centralizer fill in the treatment of virtual function. Results and Conclusion: Professor ZhaiWenSheng treatment experience of clinical IgA nephropathy have important significance and deserves further study.

  9. In vivo pharmacokinetic comparisons of ferulic acid and puerarin after oral administration of monomer, medicinal substance aqueous extract and Nao-De-Sheng to rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhen Ouyang

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Nao-De-Sheng decoction (NDS, a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM prescription containing Radix puerariae lobatae, Floscarthami, Radix et Rhizoma Notoginseng, Rhizoma chuanxiong and Fructus crataegi, is effective in the treatment of cerebral arteriosclerosis, ischemic cerebral stroke and apoplexy linger effect. Ferulic acid and puerarin are the main absorbed effective ingredients of NDS. Objective: To assess the affection of other components in medical material and compound recipe compatibility on the pharmacokinetics of ferulaic acid and puerarin, of ferulic acid from the monomer Rhizoma chuanxiong aqueous extract and NDS were studied. And pharmacokinetics comparisons of puerarin from the monomer Radix puerariae extract and NDS decoction were investigated simultaneously. Materials and Methods: At respective different time points after oral administration of the monomer, medicinal substance aqueous extract and NDS at the same dose in rats, plasma concentrations of ferulic acid and puerarin in rats were determined by RP-HPLC, and the main pharmacokinetic parameters were estimated with 3P97 software. Results: The plasma concentration-time curves of ferulaic acid and puerarin were both best fitted with a two-compartment model. AUC 0−t, AUC 0→∞ , Tmax , and Cmax of ferulic acid in the monomer and NDS decoction were increased significantly (P < 0.05 compared with that in Rhizoma chuanxiong aqueous extract. And statistically significant increase (P < 0.05 in pharmacokinetic parameters of puerarin including AUC 0−t, AUC 0→∞ , CL, Tmax and Cmax were obtained after oral administration of puerarin monomer compared with Radix puerariae extract. Although the changes of AUC 0−t, AUC 0→∞ and CL had no statistically significant, Cmax of puerarin in NDS was increased remarkably (P < 0.05 compared with that in single puerarin. Conclusions: Some ingredients of Rhizoma chuanxiong and Radix puerariae may be suggested to remarkably

  10. Unique Mechanisms of Sheng Yu Decoction (聖愈湯 Shèng Yù Tang on Ischemic Stroke Mice Revealed by an Integrated Neurofunctional and Transcriptome Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu-Chang Hou

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Sheng Yu Decoction (聖愈湯 Shèng Yù Tang; SYD is a popular traditional Chinese medicine (TCM remedy used in treating cardiovascular and brain-related dysfunction clinically; yet, its neuroprotective mechanisms are still unclear. Here, mice were subjected to an acute ischemic stroke to examine the efficacy and mechanisms of action of SYD by an integrated neurofunctional and transcriptome analysis. More than 80% of the mice died within 2 days after ischemic stroke with vehicle treatment. Treatments with SYD (1.0 g/kg, twice daily, orally or p.o. and recombinant thrombolytic tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA; 10 mg/kg, once daily, intravenously or i.v. both significantly extended the lifespan as compared to that of the vehicle-treated stroke group. SYD successfully restored brain function, ameliorated cerebral infarction and oxidative stress, and significantly improved neurological deficits in mice with stroke. Molecular impact of SYD by a genome-wide transcriptome analysis using brains from stroke mice showed a total of 162 out of 2081 ischemia-induced probe sets were significantly influenced by SYD. Mining the functional modules and genetic networks of these 162 genes revealed a significant upregulation of neuroprotective genes in Wnt receptor signaling pathway (3 genes and regulation of cell communication (7 genes and downregulation of destructive genes in response to stress (13 genes and in the induction of inflammation (5 genes, cytokine production (4 genes, angiogenesis (3 genes, vasculature (6 genes and blood vessel (5 genes development, wound healing (7 genes, defense response (7 genes, chemotaxis (4 genes, immune response (7 genes, antigen processing and presenting (3 genes, and leukocyte-mediated cytotoxicity (2 genes by SYD. Our results suggest that SYD could protect mice against ischemic stroke primarily through significantly downregulating the damaging genes involved in stress, inflammation, angiogenesis, blood vessel

  11. STUDY ON INTENSIFYING THE PROCESS OF SHENGLI VACUUM RESIDUE THERMAL CRACKING%胜利减压渣油强化热转化过程的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马力; 侯焕娣; 王子军

    2012-01-01

    在实验室小型评价装置上考察复合型增液剂L对胜利减压渣油热转化反应的影响.研究结果表明,增液剂L使热转化液体产物收率增加、焦炭和干气产率降低.增加的液体产物主要是蜡油馏分,其组成主要是3环以上的多环芳烃,说明增液剂可促进残渣油和重质生成油分子多环芳烃结构的烷基侧链和多环芳烃结构之间桥链的断裂,使3~4环的多环芳烃能够及时从反应器逸出而成为液体产品.气体产物中C3、C4烃收率增加,C1、C2烃收率减少,表明增液剂L改变了原料烃的热裂化方式.%The thermal cracking of Shengli vacuum residue using a complex additive L to intensify liquid yield was studied by a lab-scale evaluation device. Test results demonstrate that using additive L, the liquid yield of thermal cracking can be increased, coke and dry gas yields decrease. The increased liquid product is mainly VGO fraction composed of more than 3-ring aromatic hydrocarbons, which indicates that the presence of additive L accelerates the cracking of alkyl side chains of polycyclic aromatics, as well as the bridge chains connected polycyclic rings, and furthermore, the obtained 3—4 rings aromatics can be escaped from the reaction system in time to form liquid product. Gas composition data show that in the gas product, the contents of methane, ethane and ethylene decrease, the contents of propane, propylene, butane and butylenes increase, which indicates that the presence of additive L may change the reaction pathway of hydrocarbons thermal cracking.

  12. SEISMIC WAVE ILLUMINATION AND GEOMETRIC OPTIMIZATION OF COMPLEX GEOLOGICAL STRUCTURE IN SHENGLI EXPLORATION AREA%胜利探区复杂地质构造的地震波照明与观测系统优化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐雷良

    2012-01-01

    In recent years,three-dimensional seismic acquisition was carried out in Jiyang depression,even second-round three-dimensional seismic acquisition was completed in some complex oil and gas blocks and many complex media and small fault block reservoirs were studied. As a result,the oil and gas production in the Shengli oil field has been steadily growing. However,it is difficult for the traditional seismic acquisition design technology to meet the current production requirements,and hence the authors selected the steep slope belt of the Shengli exploration area to build velocity model and form a set of observation system optimization design technological series suitable for the second-round Shengli exploration district collection through the seismic wave illumination and object-oriented geometric optimization and design technology research based on the theory of wave equation. The research results show that the technological series can ensure the integrity of the form of steep geological structure and the improvement of the imaging quality of micro structures such as minor fault blocks and small sand bodies.%随着胜利探区勘探开发的逐步深入,主要勘探目标开始转向小断块、小砂体等微幅构造以及岩性隐蔽油气藏,传统的地震采集设计技术难以满足当前生产需求.为此,选取胜利探区复杂构造地质模型,开展基于波动方程理论的地震波照明和面向目标的观测系统优化设计技术的研究,形成了一套适合胜利探区二次采集的观测系统优化设计的技术系列.研究结果表明,该技术系列能够保证该区地质构造的形态完整,小断块、小砂体等微幅构造的成像质量也有较大幅度的提高.

  13. How to Strengthen the Construction of HSE Team in Shengli Oilfield%胜利油田 HSE 队伍建设现状与发展思路

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晖

    2015-01-01

    Comprehensively deepening the reform and managing enterprises in accordance with the law and domestic oil companies'new normal have brought new more serious challenges to Shengli Oilfield ,and also put forward higher requirements for corporate HSE work .In this situation ,the existing problems in the construction of Shengli Oilfield HSE team must be ad-dressed ,such as personnel structure ,work style ,competency ,business capability ,business communication ,and HSE manage-ment .Therefore ,we should strength the construction of HSE team by considering the reality of Shengli Oilfield in terms of strengthening education and training ,establishing HSE institute of technology and highlighting the HSE management system , deepening "I can ensure safety"activities ,conducting HSE knowledge and experience sharing activities ,providing safety techni-cal support for the HSE management personnel and strengthening information management aspects .%全面深化改革、依法治企以及国内石油企业新常态给胜利油田带来新的更加严峻的挑战 ,也对企业 HSE工作提出了更高的要求.在这一形势下 ,胜利油田 HSE队伍建设中存在的队伍建设、人才结构、工作方式、业务能力、业务交流和HSE管理水平等方面的问题就必须解决 ,为此 ,应结合胜利油田实际 ,在强化教育培训、组建 HSE技术研究院、突出 HSE管理体系、深化"我能安全"活动、开展HSE知识和经验分享活动、为HSE管理人员提供安全技术支持、强化信息化管理等方面入手 ,强化HSE队伍建设.

  14. 《神农本草经》木香考%Textual research on Costus root (Aucklandia lappa Decne) in the Sheng nong ben cao jing (Shennong's Classic of Materia Medica)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李光燕; 王德群; 方士英; 徐茂红

    2014-01-01

    Aucklandia lappa Decne was first recorded in the Sheng nong ben cao jing (Shennong's Classic ofMateria Medica).Through the textual research of herbal literature,it was found that the costus root in the Sheng nong ben cao jing perhaps was not the plant of Aucklandia lappa Decne of Compositae,but the eaglewood or Lignum Aquilasria Resinatum based on the comprehensive judgment of shape,taste,nature,and function etc.In the Sheng nong ben cao jing,it only includes costus root without the title of eaglewood,and Tao Hongjing recorded both herbs together in his Ming yi bie lu (Supplementary Records of Celebrated Physicians),which became a foreshadow of misunderstanding of the later generations.Beginning from the Tang ben cao (Materia Medica of the Tang Dynasty),the costus root was considered as the plant of Auckiandia lappa Decne from the Compostae with its profound influence until now.%中药木香最早记载于《神农本草经》.通过考察多种本草文献,发现《神农本草经》中的木香可能不是现代菊科木香类植物,而是沉香,因为从形态、气味、功效等方面综合判断,沉香与《本神农草经》中的木香相吻合.《神农本草经》中只有“木香”,而无“沉香”,陶弘景将“木香”与“沉香”一并记载于《名医别录》中,为后人的误识埋下了伏笔.自《唐本草》始认为“木香”主要为菊科的木香类草本植物,这种认识一直影响至今.马兜铃科藤本青木香在《唐本草》和《本草图经》等本草著作的“木香”条中均有记载,但不做“木香”药用的主流.

  15. Traditional Chinese medicine compound ShengJinRunZaoYangXue granules for treatment of primary Sj(o)gren's syndrome: a randomized,double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hu Wei; Qian Xian; Guo Feng; Zhang Miaojia; Lyu Chengyin; Tao Juan; Gao Zhong'en

    2014-01-01

    Background Traditional Chinese medical treatment of primary Sj(o)gren's syndrome has advantages over Western medicine in terms of fewer side effects and improved patient conditions.This study was a multicenter,randomized,doubleblind,placebo-controlled clinical trial of the efficacy and safety of ShengJinRunZaoYangXue granules for the treatment of primary Sj(o)gren's syndrome,including the symptoms of dry mouth and dry eye.Methods We undertook a 6-week,double-blind,randomized trial involving 240 patients with primary Sj(o)gren's syndrome at five centers in East China.A computer-generated randomization schedule assigned patients at a 2∶1 ratio to receive either ShengJinRunZaoYangXue granules or placebo once daily.Patients and investigators were blinded to treatment allocation.The primary endpoints were the salivary flow rate,Schirmer test results,and sugar test results.Intention-to-treat and per-protocol analyses were performed.Results All 240 patients were randomly allocated to either the treatment group (n=160,ShengJinRunZaoYangXue granules) or placebo group (n=80) and were included in the intention-to-treat analysis.After program violation and loss to follow-up,a total of 199 patients were included in the per-protocol analysis.At six week,intention-to-treat and per-protocol analyses of the left-eye Schirmer I test results showed an improved difference of 1.36 mm/5 min (95% CI:0.03 to 2.69 mm/5 min) and 1.35 mm/5 min (95% CI:0.04 to 2.73 mm/5 min),respectively,and those of the right-eye Schirmer I test results showed an improved difference of 1.12 mm/5 min (95% CI:0.02 to 2.22 mm/5 min) and 1.12 mm/5 min (95% CI:-0.02 to 2.27 mm/5 min),respectively.There was no significant difference between the two groups before treatment.After treatment,the between-group and within-group before-and-after paired comparison results were statistically significant (P <0.05).Intention-to-treat and per-protocol analyses showed an improved salivary flow rate by 0.04 ml/15

  16. 有机盐强抑制可降解钻(完)井液在胜利油田的应用%Application of Degradable Organic Salt Drilling Fluid with Strong Inhibition and Completion Fluid in Shengli Oilfield

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺伦俊

    2012-01-01

    Shengli oilfield is rich in oil reserves of low permeability reservoirs, and developed mainly by horizontal drilling process at pres- ent with conventional drilling fluid. But the reservoir damages are often found by the drilling fluid for drawdown of production in the oil and gas wells. So it is necessary to optimiZe the drilling fluid system. In this paper, the degradable organic salt drilling fluid with strong inhibi- tion and completion fluid is studied and applied to many blocks in Shengli oilfield, and good effects have been obtained. The case study in- dicates that such drilling and completion fluids are good at protection of the low permeability reservoir, obvious increase of oil and gas pro- duction and improvement of exploration and development benefits in this oilfield.%胜利油田低渗油藏储量丰富,目前多采用水平井开发方式,但常规钻井液往往会对储集层造成伤害,降低油气井产量。因此,有必要选择一种适合的钻井液体系。对有机盐强抑制可降解钻、完井液技术进行了筛选,并在胜利油田多个区块进行了现场应用,取得了较为理想的效果,有机盐强抑制可降解钻、完井液体系对胜利油田低渗储集层有较好的保护作用,能显著提高油气产量,提高勘探开发效益。

  17. 对如何做好胜利油田职业指导工作的几点思考%Several Thoughts about Vocational Guidance Work in Shengli Oilfield

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许刚

    2014-01-01

    Vocational guidance ,also called career counseling or career guidance ,which is an important content of employ-ment service ,plays a more and more important role in promoting employment and realizing reasonable match of human resource and related jobs .Along with the width and depth of vocational guidance development ,systemized ,specialized and scientific vo-cational guidance is becoming the development direction of employment service ,accordingly the requirement for the career guid-ance personnel are much more higher .The paper analyzes the current situation of the vocational guidance work of Shengli Oil-field and gives some related ideas and suggestions ,which might promote the whole service level of vocational guidance work of Shengli Oilfield .%“职业指导”也称职业咨询或就业指导,职业指导作为就业服务工作的一项重要内容,在促进就业以及实现人职合理匹配等方面发挥着越来越重要的作用,同时随着职业指导在深度与广度上的不断延伸,系统化、专业化、科学化的职业指导逐步成为就业服务工作的发展方向,也给职业指导人员提出了新的更高的要求。本文通过分析胜利胜利油田职业指导工作的现状,就提升胜利油田职业指导工作水平提出了一些意见及建议,以促进胜利油田职业指导队伍整体职业素质的提升。

  18. The Emotion of Huaxia Culture in Guan Wo Sheng Fu by Yan Zhitui%《观我生赋》中颜之推的华夏文化情感

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾国庆

    2015-01-01

    The Family Instructions of Master Yan is the most widely -known book written by Yan Zhitui , but Guan Wo Sheng Fu , another masterpiece of his , is rarely known by the public .The important value and significance of this ode not only lies in its high literary attainments , but more importantly , the theme of the ode reflects scholarsˊcultural emotion during the era when the Northern barbarian tribes ruled Chi-na.Yan Zhituiˊs thoughts, family and personal background deeply affect his national culture complex .In Guan Wo Sheng Fu , Yan Zhitui connects his personal encounter with Huaxia culture , and that is the first time that a Han nationality scholar expressed the emotion that individual fate is closely related to the whole Huaxia culture in literary works .%颜之推最为人所知的乃是其著有《颜氏家训》一书,然另一赋篇名作《观我生赋》却鲜有人注意。此赋的重要价值意义不仅在于其文学造诣很高,更重要的其主题立意反映了在胡人统治中国这种时代大背景下文人的文化情感。颜之推所受思想与其家世和个人背景深深影响着他的民族文化情结。在《观我生赋》中,颜之推把个人遭遇与华夏文化联系在一起,是汉族文人第一次在文学作品中表达个人命运与华夏文化息息相关的情感。

  19. HSE 全员培训模式探讨——以胜利油田为例%Research on HSE Training Method on Staff Taking Shengli Oilfield As An Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘圆

    2015-01-01

    The New Production Safety Law requires the production and business units to provide safety training for their employees ,so that they can go to their post after qualified training assessment .With increasingly strict requirements for pro-duction safety by the government ,Shengli Oilfield has also strengthened the safety management ,and expanded the HSE training program to all staff .Currently the HSE training on staff mainly adopts the patterns of classroom teaching ,scene simulation training ,internet -based training ,etc .It has produced a favorable training effect in Shengli Oilfield by selecting one or more training types while combining the HSE training program with the training objects'facts .%新安全生产法要求生产经营单位需对其从业人员进行安全教育培训 ,培训合格后方可上岗作业.随着国家对安全生产管理要求的逐步严格 ,胜利油田对安全生产工作加强了管理 ,并把 HSE培训项目扩展到全员范畴.目前 ,HSE全员培训主要采取课堂式培训模式、现场模拟培训模式和基于互联网的培训模式.胜利油田 HSE全员培训项目结合培训对象的实际情况 ,选用一种或多种培训模式开展培训 ,取得了良好的培训效果.

  20. On Identity of the Grave Master in Epigraph of SIMA Sheng of Eastern Wei Dynasty:A Probe into the Grandfather of SIMA Chu-zhi%《东魏司马昇墓志》墓主人身份考--兼考司马楚之的祖父

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗尔波; 周香均

    2015-01-01

    Epigraph of SIMA Sheng of Eastern Wei has certain historical value.However,the identity of the grave master is yet to be verified.According to the epigraph and the relevant records in Book of J in ,Book of Wei and A History of Northern Dynasty ,we can identify SIMA Sheng as the grave master whose grandfather was SIMA Chu-zhi.His father was SI-MA Bao-ying who was the descendent of Pengcheng King.Through the verification of SIMA Chu-zhi as his grandfather,the author of this paper has finally managed to work out the family extraction from SIMA Kui to SIMA Chu-zhi and SIMA Sheng.%《东魏司马昇墓志》具有一定的史料价值,但其墓主人身份尚待考证。根据墓志铭文和《晋书》《魏书》《北史》的相关记载考证,明确了墓主人司马昇的身份,他的祖父为司马楚之,父亲为司马宝胤,是晋彭城王之后。并通过考证司马楚之祖父的身份,最终理清了从司马馗到司马楚之、司马昇的世系。

  1. Investigation and study on influencing factors of chronic diseases among residents in a community in Shengli oil field%胜利油田某社区居民慢性病影响因素调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    窦伟洁; 李志华; 刘维量; 钟传茂; 许国星; 刘俊德; 李惠平; 孙正刚; 张树芳; 张桂菊

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the prevalence and influencing factors of chronic diseases among residents in a community in Shengli oil field. Methods A retrospective investigation was conducted among 3 471 people over 18 years old with multistage stratified-cluster sampling in a community in Shengli oil field. Data were input and statistically analyzed by SPSS 13. 0 statistical software. Results A total of 898 cases had chronic diseases out of 3 444 people( involving 1 451 male and 1 993 female) were surveyed. The prevalence of chronic diseases was 26. 07% , and the standardized prevalence rate was 24.94% , which was higher in male(43. 49% ) than in female( 13.40% ). The multivariate unconditional Logistic regression analysis showed that male, older, drinking, eat less fruit and obesity were influencing factors of chronic diseases among residents in this community. Compared with workers, office-clerk, doctor and teacher, retired were influencing factors of chronic dieases. Compared with boomers, water-pumper, oil-producioner, hot-operationer were influencing factors of chronic diseases. Besides, the work or housework activities'intensity was a protective factor. Conclusions The results of this study indicated that the prevalence of chronic diseases was moderate, and its influencing factors may be more among residents in this community in the Shengli oil field. So some preventive and control measures should be enhanced.%目的 了解胜利油田某社区居民慢性病患病情况及其影响因素.方法 采用多阶段等比例分层整群抽样,在胜利油田滨州工作区某社区抽取18岁以上常住居民3 471人为调查对象进行慢性病相关调查.采用SPSS 13.0软件对数据进行统计分析.结果 共调查3 444人,其中男性1 451人,女性1 993人.各类慢性病患者898人,慢性病总患病率为26.07%,标化率为24.94%.其中男性慢性病患病率(43.49%)比女性(13.40%)高.多因素非条件Logistic回归分析显示,男性、

  2. 贾平凹《老生》的叙事方式与历史构建%A Research on the Narrative Form and Construction of History in Jia Pingwa's Lao Sheng

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    荀睿

    2016-01-01

    In recent years,Jia Pingwa is committed to writting novels about his native land from his memory, therefore providing much more meanings of the time.The novel Lao Sheng outlines the appearance of history of China with identify of folk artist and the fist person. Between the two layers of narrative text,the characteristic of "I" with marginalized existence and multifarious narrative identity objectively describe history development skeleton.And it shows author's selection on value when faced with complicated historical truth. Shan Hai Jing as an important relevance text for Lao Sheng, both of them are connection with each other in different narrative time and space, dialoguing in linear relation of time.Accordingly, author narrates history and sorts out the long time with personal memory and thinks about the meaning of reality through deconstructing and constructing the truth of history.%押近年来,贾平凹着力于对乡土书写的回归,以求赋予其更为宽广的时代内涵. 新作《老生》凭借民间唱师的身份和第一人称"我"的口吻意图勾勒历史的面貌."我"在两层叙事文本中因叙事身份多样性和存在方式的边缘化特点,客观地展现着历史的发展脉络,也表现出作家在面对复杂的历史真相时所做出的价值选择. 其中《山海经》作为小说重要的关照性文本,二者在叙事时空的不同维度上彼此呼应,并在外在的时间线性关系上形成对话.作家以此为依托进行历史叙述,凭借个人记忆对跨度巨大的时间进行梳理,在对历史真实的消解与构建中思考着当下的意义.

  3. 益髓生血颗粒对珠蛋白生成障碍性贫血患者%Expression of SCF and C - kit in Patients of βThalassemia Treated by Yi Sui Sheng Xue Granula

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柴立民; 吴志奎

    2011-01-01

    Objective;To investigate the mechanism of action in p thalassemia treated by Yi Sui Sheng Xue granula. Methods-. We detected the hemoglobin, erythrocyte, reticulocyte count and fetal hemoglobin of 20 patients of p thalassemia before or after treated by the granula, studied the gene expression of stem cell factor and c - kit in karyocyte of marrow. Results -. The hematologic parameters of patients were ameliorated by this granula. Gene expression of c - kit was increased notablely. That of SCF was no change. Conclusion -. Yi Sui Sheng Xue granula can improve clinical symptom of the patients obviously. It should regulate the proliferation and cell differentiation of ancestral cell and hematopoietic cell through the SCF/c - kit signal transmit pathway for goals of treatment.%目的:探讨益髓生血颗粒治疗珠蛋白生成障碍性贫血的作用机制.方法:观察20例患儿治疗前后血红蛋白(Hb)、红细胞(RBC)、网织红细胞计数(Ret)、胎儿血红蛋白(HbF)的改变;选取10例有效病例,通过实时荧光定量PCR技术探讨该药对珠蛋白生成障碍性贫血患者骨髓有核细胞SCF和c-kit基因表达的影响.结果:治疗后患者各项血液学参数均有改善;骨髓有核细胞c-kit基因表达明显升高,与治疗前比较差异有显著性(P<0.05);SCF基因表达无明显改变.结论:益髓生血颗粒可以明显改善患者的临床症状,通过SCF/c-kit信号传导途径,调节红系祖细胞及其它造血细胞的增殖和分化过程,来达到治疗目的.

  4. A Comparison of Fattening Effect Between Large Yorkshire×Landrace and Duroc×(Landrace×Sheng Pig)%长大长与杜长嵊杂交组合猪肥育效果的比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田爱民; 周月珍

    2001-01-01

    在我公司现有的饲养条件下,对40头内元猪和40头外元猪进行了肥育比较试验,结果表明:长大长猪料重比2.87∶1,杜长嵊猪2.83∶1;长大长猪日增重452 g,杜长嵊猪日增重460 g;成活率杜长嵊猪100%,长大长猪95%;;杜长嵊猪的肉质等级也比长大长猪略高。%This fattening experiment was conducted with 80 pigs under the present feediny condition in our company. The results showed that ratio of feed intake/weight gain was 2.83 to 1 in [Large Yorkshire×Landrace](L×L), and 2.87 to 1 in [Duroc×(Landrace×Sheng pig)](D×L×S); Daily gain was 452 grams in L×L, and 460 grams in D×L×S; The livability was 100% in D×L×S, and 95% in L×L; Meat quality in D×L×S was slightly better than that in L×L.

  5. Qualitative and quantitative analysis of multiple components for quality control of Deng-Zhan-Sheng-Mai capsules by ultra high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry method coupled with chemometrics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Pin; Lu, Yan; Chen, Daofeng

    2017-02-01

    Deng-Zhan-Sheng-Mai capsules are a well-known traditional Chinese patent medicine that was developed in China for the treatment of ischemic stroke. Its quality control focuses on Erigerontis Herba but ignores the contributions of Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Schisandrae Chinensis Fructus, and Ophiopogonis Radix. To improve the quality standards for this medicine, this work reports the application of a systematic ultra high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometric method coupled with chemometrics. Three qualitative and quantitative parameters are established for the evaluation of quality: chemical profiling, the relationship between the contents of 18 compounds and the antioxidant activity, and chemometric analysis. A total of 55 compounds, including 20 phenolic acids, 10 flavonoids, 15 saponins, and 10 lignans, were identified. The method for the quantitative determination of the aforementioned 18 compounds was validated. The limit of quantification ranged from 0.13 to 9.60 ng/mL. The overall recoveries ranged from 95.31 to 103.54%. Hierarchical cluster analysis and principal component analysis were applied to the data of 18 components in ten batches of samples. Nine compounds, including scutellarin, 3,5-O-dicaffeoylquinic acid, 4,5-O-dicaffeoylquinic acid, ginsenoside Rb1, ginsenoside Re, ginsenoside Rg1, ophiopogonin D, schisandrin, and schisandrol B, are suggested as chemical markers for evaluating the quality. © 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  6. The Combination of Three Components Derived from Sheng MaiSan Protects Myocardial Ischemic Diseases and Inhibits Oxidative Stress via Modulating MAPKs and JAK2-STAT3 Signaling Pathways Based on Bioinformatics Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Fang; Zhang, Yu; Zeng, Donglin; Xia, Yu; Fan, Xiaoxue; Tan, Yisha; Kou, Junping; Yu, Boyang

    2017-01-01

    GRS is a drug combination of three components including ginsenoside Rb1, ruscogenin and schisandrin. It derived from the well-known TCM formula Sheng MaiSan, a widely used traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases in clinic. The present study illuminates its underlying mechanisms against myocardial ischemic diseases based on the combined methods of bioinformatic prediction and experimental verification. A protein database was established through constructing the drug-protein network. And the target-pathway interaction network clustered the potential signaling pathways and targets of GRS in treatment of myocardial ischemic diseases. Several target proteins, such as NFKB1, STAT3 and MAPK14, were identified as the candidate key proteins, and MAPKs and JAK-STAT signaling pathway were suggested as the most related pathways, which were in accordance with the gene ontology analysis. Then, the predictive results were further validated and we found that GRS treatment alleviated hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R)-induced cardiomyocytes injury via suppression of MDA levels and ROS generation, and potential mechanisms might related to the suppression of activation of MAPKs and JAK2-STAT3 signaling pathways. Conclusively, our results offer the evidence that GRS attenuates myocardial ischemia injury via regulating oxidative stress and MAPKs and JAK2-STAT3 signaling pathways, which supplied some new insights for its prevention and treatment of myocardial ischemia diseases.

  7. The Treatment of Underground Water Gushing and Mine Drainage for the Shengli 1# Surface Mine%胜利1#露天煤矿地下水和疏干废水的治理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王党朝

    2013-01-01

    Surface mine often suffers from the underground water gushing in its production process. To do the work of underground water gushing well is of great importance in improving production environment, and ensuring the safety of slope. This paper aims to dealing with underground water gushing and drainage in analyzing the measures of Shengli 1# surface mine.%  露天煤矿在生产过程中经常受到地下涌水的影响,做好防治水工作,对改善露天煤矿采场作业条件、保证边坡安全具有十分重要的意义。本文结合胜利1#露天煤矿在防治水工作中采取的措施,浅谈如何做好露天煤矿地下涌水和疏干废水的治理工作。

  8. 复方微量元素“生命元”对波尔山羊免疫功能的影响%Change of immune function in Boer goat by injected "Sheng ming yuan"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晋生; 邓俊良; 李友昌; 叶玉辉

    2012-01-01

    选用24只3月龄、体质量(13±1.0)kg的雄性波尔山羊,随机分为4组,每组6只,试验期60d。Ⅰ组为对照组(饲料添加微量元素);Ⅱ组(低剂量组)、Ⅲ组(中剂量组)、Ⅳ组(高剂量组)分别肌肉注射"生命元"0.5,1.0,2.0mL/kg。试验前1d及试验后15,30,45,60d静脉采血测定外周血液T淋巴细胞酸性α-醋酸萘酯酶阳性率(ANAE)、红细胞补体受体花环率(C3bRR)及免疫复合花环率(ICR);试验后30,45,60d测定外周血液淋巴细胞周期指标。结果表明:(1)"生命元"能提高波尔山羊血液中T淋巴细胞酸性α-醋酸萘酯酶阳性率,且在试验后45,60d试验组显著高于对照组(P〈0.05或P〈0.01),并以中剂量组效果最佳。(2)"生命元"能够提高波尔山羊红细胞补体受体花环率,降低红细胞的免疫复合物花环率,增强波尔山羊的红细胞免疫功能。(3)与对照组相比,试验组不同程度降低G0/G1期和DNA的百分含量,提高S、G2-M期DNA的百分含量以及细胞分裂指数(PI)和DNA百分含量,并在一定时期呈现显著性(P〈0.05或P〈0.01)差异,并以中剂量组效果最佳。%The experiment selected 24 health male Boer goat of 3-month-old,(13 ±1.0) kg body weight,randomly divided into 4 groups of 6 each,and the experiment lasted 60 d.GroupⅠ(the control group) added the microelement;groupⅡ(low-dose-group),groupⅢ(middle-dose-group),groupⅣ(high-dose-group) were intramuscularly injectied,with "Sheng ming yuan" at 0.5,1.0,2.0 mL/kg,respectively.At the day befor and after 15,30,45,60 d of the injecting "Sheng ming yuan",determinated the positive rate of peripheral blood T lymphocytes(ANAE),the rate of erythrocyte complement receptor rosette(E-C3bRR) and immune complex rosette(E-ICR);30,45,60 d after injecting the cycle of lymphocytes was determinated in blood.The results showed:①"Sheng ming yuan" was

  9. Effects of Sheng-Mai injection on the PRPP synthetase activity in BFU-es and CFU-es from bone marrows of mice with benzene-induced aplastic anemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, L P; Liu, J F; Lu, Y Q

    2001-08-10

    160 Kunming mice were divided at random into 3 groups. Group 1: normal control (40 mice). Group 2: aplastic anemia (AA) control (60 mice); benzene inhalation was carried out for 2.5 months and sterilized normal saline was injected i.p. for another 6 weeks. Group 3: treated AA (60 mice); benzene was administered by inhalation in a similar manner, Sheng-Mai Injection (SMI) was administered i.p. for 6 weeks after the AA models were established. SMI is a famous Chinese traditional prescription of Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer (0.1 g/ml), Ophiopogon japonicus (Thunb.) Ker-Gawl (0.312 g/ml) and Fructus Schisandrae (0.158 g/ml). Activities of phosphoribosylpyrophosphate (PRPP) synthetase in BFU-Es and CFU-Es were estimated by ion pair reversed phase HPLC (IPrHPLC). Accompanying the sharp drop in counts of erythroid progenitor cells, the PRPP synthetase activity in CFU-Es of AA mice was reduced significantly (PCFU-Es returned nearly to normal levels following treatment with SMI of mice in Group 3 (PCFU-Es from their bone marrow. The impairment of PRPP formation would explain ATP depletion and disorders of energy metabolism in AA erythrocytes. SMI can distinctly increase the reduced quantity of erythroid progenitor cells and promote rapid restoration of PRPP synthetase activity in CFU-Es of AA mice.

  10. Die Bankenunion als Krönung der Wirtschafts- und Währungsunion?

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    This article analyses the positions of Germany, France and the EU institutions with regard to the negotiations on two of the most important elements agreed: the Single Supervisory Mechanism (SSM) and the Single Resolution Mechanism (SRM). This article highlights the different approaches and lines of conflict on the centralisation of competences, legal basis, and, in case of the SRM, the sources of funding.

  11. 胜利油田驻疆新春采油厂管理创新研究%A Study on Management Innovation in Xinchun Oil Recovery Plant of Shengli Oilfield in Xinjiang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王学忠

    2015-01-01

    随着经济体制的改革和市场环境的变化,胜利油田新春采油厂所面临的竞争日趋激烈。针对石油行业环境的新变化,特别是为了应对低油价、低劳动生产率,新春采油厂迫切需要构建一个科学的管理体系。该厂承担胜利油田新疆油区勘探开发任务,以薄浅层超稠油、深层低渗透、火山岩裂缝等低品位油藏为主,在低油价常态下采取了一系列管理创新:首先,在借鉴先进油公司模式基础上,立足于自身实际,进行管理体制的创新,采取扁平化管理、制度化管控、“四化”建设;建立以专业化外包,项目化用工、共驻共建为特色的共驻甲乙方合作机制;其次,促进企业文化建设,坚持党组织在企业的核心地位,打造业务一流的队伍。最后,注重核心技术的研发,首创了薄浅层超稠油水平井、降黏剂、氮气、蒸汽吞吐开发技术,使搁置多年未能经济开发的低品位储量实现了高效开发,吨油成本在胜利油田同类型油藏中最低。%With the reform of economic system and changes in market environment,Xinchun Oil Recovery Plant of Shengli Oilfield is faced with increasingly fierce competition. It is urgent for Xinchun Oil Recovery Plant to set up a scientific man-agement system. The plant undertakes the exploration task of Shengli Oilfield in Xinjiang which mainly involves low-grade reservoirs like extra-heavy oil in shallow layer,deep-seated low permeable reservoirs and crack-type volcanic reservoirs. To cope with low oil price and low working efficiency,the plant has carried out a series of management innovations. Firstly, based on the advanced management experiences from other oil companies,they implement flat management and institutional-ized management. Secondly,they build a new contracting mechanism including outsourcing and project-based hiring. Thirdly, they promote the construction of company culture,aiming to

  12. The Clinical Observation in Wound Healing of Dressing Changes after Anal Fistula Surgery with Gauzes of Sheng Ji Yu Hong Gao%生肌玉红膏纱条换药对肛瘘术后创面愈合的临床观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张羽; 王艳逊; 高文帅; 陈雄

    2013-01-01

    目的:观察生肌玉红膏纱条对肛瘘术后换药促伤口愈合的疗效。方法:治疗组83例以生肌玉红膏纱条治疗;对照组83例以0.2%乳酸依沙吖啶纱条治疗。结果:创面愈合天数治疗组为(10.02±3.52)d,对照组为(15.23±4.57)d,P<0.05,有显著性差异。结论:生肌玉红膏纱条对肛瘘术后创面有明显促进伤口愈合、活血行气、生肌止痛的功效。%Objective:Judge the efficacy in wound healing of dressing changes after anal fistula surgery with gauze of Sheng Ji Yu Hong Gao. Methods:The treatment group 83 patients who have dressed changes after anal fistula surgery with the gauzes of Sheng Ji Yu Hong Gao and the control group 83 patients who have dressed changes after anal fistula surgery with the gauzes of ethacridine lactate solution. Results:The wound healing time of treatment group was (10.02±3.52)days and the control group was (15.23±4.57)days,there were significant differences. Conclusions:The gauzes of Sheng Ji Yu Hong Gao have a obvious role such as promoting wound healing, blood circulation of qi and the the growth of fresh granulation and analgesic for wound of anal fistula surgery.

  13. A combination of four effective components derived from Sheng-mai san attenuates hydrogen peroxide-induced injury in PC12 cells through inhibiting Akt and MAPK signaling pathways.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cao, Guo-Sheng; Li, Shao-Xia; Wang, Yan; Xu, Ying-Qiong; Lv, Yan-Ni; Kou, Jun-Ping; Yu, Bo-Yang

    2016-07-01

    The present study was designed to investigate whether a combination of four effective components derived from Sheng-mai san (SMXZF; ginsenoside Rb1: ginsenoside Rg1: DT-13: Schizandrol A as 6 : 9 : 4 : 5) could attenuate hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced injury in PC12 cells, focusing on the Akt and MAPK pathways . The PC12 cells were exposed to H2O2 (400 μmol·L(-1)) for 1 h in the presence or absence of SMXZF pre-treatment for 24 h. Cell viability was measured by MTT assay. The efflux of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), the intracellular content of malondialdehyde (MDA), the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), and caspase-3 were also determined. Cell apoptosis was measured by Hoechst 33342 staining and Annexin V-FITC/PI staining method. The expression of Bcl-2, Bax, cleaved caspase-3, Akt, and MAPKs were detected by Western blotting analyses. SMXZF pretreatment significantly increased the cell viability and SOD activity and improved the cell morphological changes, while reduced the levels of LDH and MDA at the concentrations of 0.1, 1 and 10 μg·mL(-1). SMXZF also inhibited H2O2-induced apoptosis in PC12 cells. Moreover, SMXZF reduced the activity of caspase-3, up-regulated the protein ratio of Bcl-2 and Bax and inhibited the expression of cleaved caspase-3, p-Akt, p-p38, p-JNK and p-ERK1/2 in H2O2-induced PC12 cells. Co-incubation of Akt inhibitor or p38 inhibitor partly attenuated the protection of SMXZF against H2O2-injured PC12 cells. In conclusion, our findings suggested that SMXZF attenuated H2O2-induced injury in PC12 cells by inhibiting Akt and MAPKs signaling pathways, which might shed insights on its neuroprotective mechanism.

  14. Campus Bullies in Literary Films, with Examples from Fresh Meat Pie by Yao-sheng Chang%文学电影中的"校园霸凌"——以张耀升《鲜肉饼》为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柯秉芳

    2015-01-01

    In recent years, micro films, particularly those that feature the theme of'Campus Bullies'made by middle-school students, have experienced a resurgence in Taiwan. Fresh Meat Pie, by Yao-sheng Chang, is different from the rest of them in that it was adapted from a piece of literary fiction and, for that reason, it provides a more comprehensive and profound ex ploration of the cause of the campus bullies and inner suffering of the characters. This paper, based on a research into Fresh Meat Pie, is an attempt to look at how the male protagonist is bullied and his psychology in relation to the relationships between parents and their children, schoolteachers and their students, and the male protagonist and the owner of the fresh meat pie restaurant.%近年台湾微电影有崛起之势,尤以中学生拍摄"校园霸凌"为主题的微电影最多.张耀升的《鲜肉饼》与其他微电影不同,原因在于它是由一篇具文学性的小说改编而成,因此在探讨校园霸凌的成因、反映人物内心的痛苦,更加全面而深刻.本文试以《鲜肉饼》为研究,分别就亲子关系、学校师生,以及男主角与鲜肉饼店老板之间的关系着手,探讨造成男主角被霸凌的成因及其心理.

  15. 胜利油田采油工人体育锻炼行为特征的调查研究%The Investigation of the Behavioural Characteristics of Physical Exercises of Oil -extraction workers’in Shengli Oilfield

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王合霞; 唐亮

    2015-01-01

    This study takes the workers from the front line as this research sample,who are in GuD-ong Oil -extraction Factory and ZhuangXi Oil -extraction Factory,which are two branches in Shen-gli Oilfield.This study approaches are literary investigation,questionnaires,experts interviews,log-ic analytical method,and data statistics.Meanwhile,this study utilizes the theory of transtheoretical model (TTM),which theory discusses the process from “stillness”to “activity”in the physical ex-ercises.As a result,this study reaches these conclusions as follows:Know about their general health at a low level.To most of them,their physical exercises are at preparation stage or at action stage. The orders of influential factors on physical exercise in this study are:⑴no time /tired⑵want to take exercise but indolent⑶feel bad /illness⑷short of relevant knowledge of physical exercises⑸short of coach⑹short of friends to take exercises together⑺afraid of trauma⑻short of ground and instruments⑼climate /environment is not good⑽cost of physical exercise is much higher⑾short of leader’s sup-port⑿short of families’support⒀short of interests of physical exercise.%以胜利油田桩西采油厂和孤东采油厂的第一线的采油工人为研究对象,采用文献资料法、访谈法、问卷调查法、逻辑分析法和数理统计法,以转换理论模型为指导,探讨采油工人从“静止”到“活动”再到“保持体育锻炼”的动态变化过程。结果表明:胜利油田采油工人对自身身体健康的整体认知水平较低。胜利油田采油工人的体育锻炼大都处于准备阶段及行动阶段。“没有时间且工作很累”和“想锻炼但惰性大”是影响采油工人体育锻炼行为最主要因素。

  16. On the Thoughts of Selection and Criticism in Ancient Prose Selections Complied by WU Kai-sheng%发幽阐微形塑典范--吴闿生《古文范》选评思想刍议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨新平

    2015-01-01

    WU Kai-sheng was one of the most important successors in terminal phase of the Tongcheng School.He has complied prose anthology works named Ancient Prose Selections in which has profound theoretical value and abundant literature thought .On the content of compositions , natural revelation of true feelings and genuine emotion was emphasized and democratic republic thought was canonized .On the art of compositions , writing methods such as beginning , connection , transition , ending was given an all-round analysis .On the style of compositions , writing style of connotative elegance as well as magnificence and splendors was advocated .This prose anthology occupied an important position in the history of anthology compilation of the Tongcheng School in which not only the writing theory of the Tongcheng school was summarized and developed but also ancient prose connotations was elucidated with new knowledge at that time.%吴闿生是桐城派末期最重要的传人之一,其所编《古文范》是现存桐城派文章选本中评点详赡、理论价值很高的一部,选评之中蕴含着丰富的文学思想:内容方面,重视文章中至性至情的自然流露,推阐古人文章中的民主共和思想;章法方面,全面评析了文章起首、转接、提顿、收束等驭文之术;风格方面,崇尚含蓄蕴藉和雄奇恣肆两种文风。此选既能对桐城派文章理论进行总结与发扬,又能结合时代新知对古代文章精义予以新的阐发,在桐城派文章选本编纂史中占有重要的地位。

  17. Clinical Experience of Professor WU Sheng-yuan Using Qianyang Fengsui Dan in Treatment of Rheumatism%吴生元教授应用潜阳封髓丹治疗风湿病的经验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李兆福; 刘维超; 彭江云; 吴生元

    2013-01-01

    Fengsui Dan first appeared in “Qixiao Liangfang”writed by Dong Su in Ming dynasty and Qianyang Dan was invented by Zheng Qinan in Qing dynasty,but later medical scientists often use the two together,which is called Qianyang Fengsui Dan by Wu Pei-heng. Professor Wu Sheng-yuan is good at using the recipe in treatment of rheumatism. Through compatibility of medicines on the basis of the original prescription(amomum villosum,monkshood,tortoiseshell,liquorice and cortex phellodendri),He can make Qianyang Fengsui Dan have some effects,such as clearing upper-jiao,warming lower-jiao,guiding fire to origin,making Qi belongs to the kidney,supporing Yang Qi and producing Yin jin,etc. It has a good curative effect in treatment of rheumatism,such as heat in the upper and cold in the lower syndrome,and cold-heat complex syndrome resulted by nonhoming lower-jiao archaeus and flaming of asthenia-fire,so which is worth further studying and spreading.%封髓丹首见于明·董宿《奇效良方》,潜阳丹为清·郑钦安所创,后世医家常将二者合方应用,吴佩衡称之为“潜阳封髓丹”。吴生元教授擅用潜阳封髓丹治疗风湿病,在原方的基础上(砂仁、附子、龟板、甘草、黄柏)加减配伍,能清上温下,引火归元,纳气归肾,助阳生津,对于下元不藏、虚火上浮之上热下寒、寒热错杂之风湿病具有良好的疗效,值得深入研究和推广应用。

  18. CHARACTERIZATION AND INTEGRATED UTILIZATION OF WASTEWATER FROM OIL PRODUCTION STATIONS IN SHENGLI OIL FIELDS%胜利油田采油污水综合特征及利用评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨永红; 李义曼; 李晓燕; 张红波; 罗霁

    2015-01-01

    Shengli oil fields are one of the most important petroleum occurring areas.Its geothermal resources are abundant.With the background of energy saving,wastewater from petroleum producing is of relatively high-temperature.It can be used for water flooding,space heating and bathing.Wastewater samples from 19 typical oil production stations of seven oil factories in Shengli oil fields are obtained.Water chemical compositions are analyzed by ion chromatography.Scaling tendency &corrosion of wastewater are also discussed.Results show that the pH of wastewater is 6.8-8.0 and the average is 7.4.It is saline water-brine with TDS ranging from 6.0g·L-1 to 59.7g·L-1 . The wastewater is rich in Li,Mn,Cr,Ni,Cu,Zn and Sr.The microelements of Li and Sr are in particular rich.Its average concentrations are 1mg·L-1 and 70.5mg·L-1 ,which satisfy the mineral water requirement but cannot be used for minerals exploitation.Corrosive efficiency factor,larson and reruo method are used to assess the corrosion of wastewater.Results indicate that the wastewater is strongly corrosive,which is caused by chloride ion. Carbonate,sulfate and silicate scale are assessed using references from GB-T-11615-2010.The results indicate that carbonate and silicate scale wont occur while sulfate scale would form in wastewater from Binnan and Hekou oil production plant and pretreatment should be done before integrated utilization.Based on suggestions from published papers on wastewater utilization and local requirement,it can be used for water flooding,space heating,bathing, hothouse and aquaculture,which can mitigate environmental pollution and improve energy structure,showing favorable social and economic benefits.When using the wastewater,its corrosion and scaling tendency must be considered and choose proper pretreatment and pipeline.%胜利油田作为我国石油的重要赋存区,其地热资源也相当丰富。在节能减排的背景下,采油产生的污水由于其相对较高的温度

  19. 中药生精逐瘀汤联合手术治疗精索静脉曲张不育症患者的疗效观察%Clinical efficacy of Chinese traditional medicine Sheng Jing Zhu Yu Tang combined with operation in the treatment of patients with varicocele

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何思挺; 陈乐仲; 黄常青; 田小园; 陈球; 刘向崇

    2012-01-01

    Objective To observe the clinical effect of Sheng Jing Zhu Yu Tang for treating infertile patients with varicocele after varicocelectomy. Methods Eighty patients with varicocele were randomly divided into two groups, the experimental group (n=40) and control group (n=40). Patients in the experimental group took Sheng Jing Zhu Yu Tang after the operation, while those in the control group underwent operation only. The semen quality, sex hormone in the peripheral blood (testosterone, luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone), and the pregnancy rate of their spouse were observed before operation, 3 and 6 months after operation. Results The semen quality, peripheral blood testosterone and the pregnancy rate of their spouse in the experimental group were significantly better than those in the control group (P<0.05). Conclusion Sheng Jing Zhu Yu Tang could enhance the quality of sperm and semen in infertile patients with varicocele after varicocelectomy, improve and regulate their reproductive hormone disturbance to increase the pregnancy rate of their spouses.%目的 观察中药生精逐淤汤对精索静脉曲张不育患者手术后治疗的临床疗效.方法 将精索静脉曲张不育症患者80例随机分为实验组和对照组,各40例,实验组手术后予结合生精逐瘀汤治疗,对照组予单纯手术治疗.观察两组患者术前、术后3个月、6个月精液质量、外周血性激素(睾酮、黄体生成素和卵泡刺激素)以及配偶受孕率的情况.结果 实验组精液各参数、外周血T及术后配偶自然怀孕率均有明显提高,优于对照组(P<0.05).结论 生精逐淤汤对精索静脉曲张不育术后患者有提高精液质量、改善和调节生殖内分泌激素失调、增加配偶受孕率的作用.

  20. 生脉散对失衡人肠道菌群的调节作用%In vitro study on the reguIation of Sheng-mai San on dysbacteriosis of intesti-naI fIora

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    花海莹; 李雪晴; 刘吉华

    2016-01-01

    通过建立头孢曲松钠所致人肠道菌群紊乱体外模型,结合菌群的选择性培养、平板计数及短链脂肪酸分析,研究经典名方生脉散对肠道菌群失调的调节作用。研究结果显示,生脉散高中低剂量(16.5,11.2,5.5 mg/mL)组能显著抑制肠杆菌、肠球菌的增殖,促进肠道益生菌乳酸杆菌、梭菌增殖。与模型组相比,给予中剂量生脉散培养24 h 后,肠球菌、肠杆菌增殖分别被抑制了24.9%和19.1%,乳酸杆菌和梭菌的增殖分别提高了22.3%和25.8%。同时生脉散各剂量组均能显著促进肠道菌群产生丙酸和乙酸,抑制潜在致病菌的增殖,促进失衡肠道菌群向正常菌群结构发展。%To study the regulation effect of Sheng-mai San (SMS)on intestinal dysbacteriosis,ceftriaxone sodium was used to induce intestinal dysbacteriosis in vitro,the bacteria were cultured in the selective medium and enu-merated by plat counting method,and the short chain fatty acid were also analyzed .The results showed that SMS (16.5,11.2,5.5 mg/mL)could significantly inhibit the proliferation of potentially harmful bacteria such as Enterococci,Enterobacteriaceae and promote the proliferation of Lactobacillus and Clostridum.Compared with the model group,the proliferation of Enterococci and Enterobacteriaceae was inhibited by 24.9% and 19.1%,while the proliferation of Lactobacillus and Clostridum was increased by 22.3% and 25.8% respectively in the middle-concentration of SMS group (11.2 mg/mL)at 24 h.Meanwhile,SMS in different concentration significantly increase the accumulation of acetic acid and propionic acid generated by gut microbes which could significantly inhibit the proliferation of harmful bacteria.And SMS showed prebiotic effects on intestinal microflora imbalance induced by antibiotics in vitro.

  1. 氧化钙对胜利褐煤焦水蒸气气化反应性能及微结构的影响%Influence of calcium oxide on Shengli lignite char microstructure and steam gasification performance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李阳; 刘全生; 刘洋; 冯伟; 赵斌; 智科端; 滕英跃; 宋银敏; 何润霞; 周晨亮

    2015-01-01

    The Influence of calcium oxide on Shengli lignite char microstructure and steam gasification performance was studied. Demineralized coal samples were loaded with different content of calcium oxide and then pyrolyzed at 1 100℃. The char is gasified with steam in a micro fixed-bed reactor. The X-ray diffraction apparatus and Raman spectra apparatus were used to characterize the structure of coal char. The results show that the char with 5% calcium exhibits the highest gasification reactivity, while the catalysis for the steam gasification of char with 2% calcium is almost negligible. The results of XRD suggest that calcium can effectively hinder the carbon graphitization in the process of pyrolysis. The intensity of (002) and (100) peaks of char decreases with the rise of calcium loading. With the increase of calcium loading, the aromaticity fa is reduced from 66. 8% to 39. 9%. Raman spectra results show that ID/IG increases from 1. 363 to 1. 541 and IG/Ial reduces from 0. 423 to 0. 394 with the increase of calcium loading, respectively. It means that the decomposition of large polyaromatic ring structure in coal is greatly enhanced by the catalytic action of calcium, and the disordering degree and the structural defects of char increase with the increase of calcium loading.%研究了CaO对胜利褐煤焦水蒸气气化反应性能及微结构的影响。脱除矿物质的胜利褐煤混合不同含量的CaO后在1100℃下进行热解得到相应的煤焦,采用BET、XRD和Raman技术对其进行表征,同时在微型固定床反应器上对所制得煤焦进行水蒸气气化实验。比较添加CaO不同含量煤焦的反应性表明,添加2%(质量分数)的CaO对煤焦水蒸气气化的催化作用很小,而CaO添加量增大到5%时,煤焦的气化反应性能明显提高。煤焦比表面积随CaO添加量的提高而增大。 XRD结果表明,在热解过程中,CaO能有效地抑制煤焦向石墨化方向发展趋势。煤焦002和100峰的峰强度

  2. 胜利油田勘探开发安全风险评估和应对管理研究%Research on Safety Risk Evaluation and Response Management for Exploration and Development in Shengli Oilfield

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王来忠

    2011-01-01

    -surface structures in a networking way. Degree of risk is determined for each production process during construction of exploration and development project on basis of analysis on safety production status quo in Shengli Oilfield and dangerous factors during exploration and development project and safety risk management mode suitable for exploration and development project in an oilfield is researched to provide for construction and management organizations of construction project with reasonable and feasible suggestions and countermeasures of safety. Meanwhile, it may provide for oilfield administration and authority with technical support for implementation of supervision and decision-making to minimum potential risks related to safety and reduce damage due to possible accidents.

  3. Inspiration of Literary Creative Thinking of Ye Sheng-tao to Construction of Contemporary Style of Writing and Study%叶圣陶的文艺创作思想对当下文风学风建设的启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    屈海香

    2015-01-01

    The thought of literary creation of Ye Sheng-tao is insightful.He noted that literary creation has three characteristicscontent with the insights,appropriate words to express accessibility,social influence with positive effect.The problems of style of writing and study in the academic study get much social criticism,such as too much low and repetitive research,which is contrary to the innovative essence of academic research;wishy-washy language expression and serious�new stereotyped�phenomenon;the deterioration of the general social conduct.Ye Sheng-tao�s artistic creation ideas indicate the direction and path of improving the current style of writing and study and reconstructing positive academic environment.%叶圣陶的文艺创作思想富有见地,他指出文艺创作具备三大特征:内容具有真知灼见、文字表达顺适畅达、社会影响要具有向上向善的作用。当前我国学术研究中存在的文风与学风问题备受社会批评指责:内容上低水平重复性研究较多,违背了学术研究的创新的本质要求;语言文字表达空洞无物,“新八股”现象严重;社会影响上非但不具有向上向善的作用,反而恶化社会风气。叶圣陶的文艺创作思想对改进当下文风学风、重建风清气正的学术环境指明了方向与路径。

  4. The Influence of ShengMai Injection on Heart Function and Heart Rate Variability of Patients with Chronic Heart Failure%生脉注射液对慢性心衰患者心功能及其心率变异性的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙国荣; 景克荣; 权亚喜

    2013-01-01

    目的:探讨在西药治疗基础上加用生脉注射液对慢性心衰患者心功能以及心率变异性的影响.方法:将60 例慢性心衰患者,随机分为西药治疗组(A 组,n=30)以及生脉注射液治疗组(B 组,n=30),治疗前后应用超声心动图检测患者心输出量(CO)、心搏出量(SV)、心脏指数(CI)和左室射血分数(LVEF),应用24 小时动态心电图(Holter)检测心率变异性(HRV).用药治疗2 周,观察治疗前后的指标变化.结果:治疗2 周后2 组患者CO、SV、CI、LVEF及HRV均较治疗前升高(P<0.05),且B 组改善程度较A 组显著(P<0.05).结论:生脉注射液能够改善慢性心衰患者心功能和心率变异性.%Objective: To explore the effects of ShengMai injection on heart function and heart rate variability (HRV) of patients with chronic heart failure on the foundation of western medicine. Method: Sixty patients were randomized into the group of western medicine (Group A) and the group of She ngMai injection (Group B) equally. Cardiac output (CO), stroke volume (SV), cardiac index (CI) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) of patients were detected with ultrasonic cardiogram before and after treating, HRV was measured with 24-hour dynamic electrocardiogram (DCG). Changes of indexes were observed before and after treating after medication for two weeks. Result: After treating for two weeks, CO, SV, CI, LVEF and HRV were higher than before treating in both groups (P<0.05), and the improvements of group B were more significant than group A (P<0.05). Conclusion: ShengMai injection could improve heart function and HRV of patients with chronic heart failure.

  5. 爱灵生乐(2036)螺旋藻双歧胶囊对抗生素相关性腹泻小鼠的治疗作用%Therapoutic effectt of Ai Ling Sheng Le(2036)spirulina-bifido capsule on antibiotic induced

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟志强; 左丽; 曾敏瑜

    2011-01-01

    目的 采用盐酸林克霉索诱发小鼠相关性腹泻模型,观察螺旋藻、婴儿型双歧杆菌及其混合物爱灵生乐(2036)螺旋藻双歧胶囊(胶囊内容物,含婴儿型双歧杆菌、螺旋藻,下同)对抗生素相关性腹泻小鼠的治疗作用.方法 经口投予盐酸林克霉素0.15 g/(d·鼠),连续3 d,然后经口分别给予螺旋藻、双歧杆菌及爱灵生乐(2036)螺旋藻双歧胶囊1.66 g/(kg·b·w),连续5 d.结果 经口投予螺旋藻、婴儿型双歧杆菌及爱灵生乐(2036)螺旋藻双歧胶囊1.66 g/(kg·b·w),连续5 d,能有效改善盐酸林克霉索诱发的小鼠相关性腹泻症状,特别是给予爱灵生乐(2036)螺旋藻双歧胶囊组,可有效治疗盐酸林克霉素诱发小鼠相关性腹泻.结论 螺旋藻与双歧杆菌复合制剂对抗生素相关性腹泻有明确治疗作用.%Objective To evaluate the effect of spirulina and Bifidobacterium infantis on antibiotic (lincomuycin) induced diarrhea. Method Oral administration of lincomycin 0. 15 g/(day · mouse) was given continuously for 3 days. Then each group of mice was fed respectively with spirulina, Bifidobacterium infantis, and a mixture of spirulina and Bifidobacterium infantis 1.66 g/( kg · b · w) for 5 consecutive days. Result Oral administration of spirulina Bifidobacterium infantis and Ai Ling Sheng Le improved the symptoms of antibiotic induced diarrhea effectly, especially Ai Ling Sheng Le. Conclusion The mixture of spirulina and Bifidobacterium infantis is more effective than spirulina and Bifidobacterium infantis alone in relieving diarrhea induced by lincomycin.

  6. The variation of the ground electric field associated with the Mei-Nung earthquake on Feb. 6, 2016

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bing-Chih Chen, Alfred; Yeh, Er-Chun; Chuang, Chia-Wen

    2017-04-01

    Recent studies show that a strong coupling exists between lithosphere, atmosphere and extending up to the ionosphere. Natural phenomena on the ground surface such as oceans variation, volcanic and seismic activities such as earthquakes, and lightning possibly generate significant impacts at ionosphere immediately by electrodynamic processes. The electric field near the ground is one of the potential quantities to explore this coupling process, especially caused by earthquake. Unfortunately, thunderstorm, dust storm or human activities also affect the measured electric field at ground. To investigate the feasibility of a network to monitor the variation of the ground electric field driven by the lightning and earthquake, a filed mill has been deployed in the NCKU campus since Dec. 2015, and luckily experienced the earthquake with a moment magnitude of 6.4 struck 28 km on 6 Feb. 2016. The recorded ground electric field deceased steadily since 1.5 days before the earthquake, and returned to normal level gradually. Moreover, this special feature can not be identified in the other period of the field test. The detail analysis is reported in this presentation.

  7. Industrial Test of Blending the Third Side-draw VGO from Imported Crude Oil and Shengli Crude Oil to Produce HVIⅡ6 Lubricating Base Oil%掺炼胜利进口原油减三线生产HVIⅡ6基础油的工业试验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宗军; 温传忠; 吴艳萍; 李慧

    2015-01-01

    Based on crude oil separately-feeding-separately-refining, the new technology which integrated high-pres-sure hydrogenation refining to three kinds of traditional processes was applied in SINOPEC Jinan Company. The furfural refi-ning raw materials was broadened by blending the third side-draw VGO from imported crude oil and Shengli crude oil, so as to the quality grade of lubricating base oil was improved and HVIⅡ6 lubricating base oil and 62 # paraffin were produced. Through production tracking analysis, various suitable raw materials,product control indicators and operating conditions were found, and then the lubricant processing programs were optimized and the profits per ton of crude oil were maximized.%在原油分输分炼的基础上,通过掺炼胜利进口原油的减三线蜡油拓宽糠醛精制原料,应用高压加氢和"老三套"结合的工艺,生产优质HVIⅡ6润滑油基础油和62 #石蜡. 通过生产跟踪分析,摸索各装置合适的原料和产品控制指标以及操作条件,从而达到优化润滑油加工方案,实现吨油利润最大化的目的.

  8. 《外台秘要方》与《太平圣惠方》中伤寒理论文献的比较%Comparative study of theoretical literature on cold pathogenic disease in Wai tai mi yao fang (Arcane Essentials from the Imperial Library) and Tai ping sheng hui fang (Taiping Holy Prescriptions for Universal Relief)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张慧蕊; 梁永宣

    2014-01-01

    In the Wai tai mi yao fang (Arcane Essentials from the Imperial Library) compiled in 752,its portion on cold pathogenic disorders embodies the achievements before the mid Tang Dynasty,whereas that in the Tai ping sheng hui fang (Taipng Holy Prescriptions for Universal Relief),compiled in 992 embodies those before the early Song Dynasty.Comparison on the theory of cold disorders in both books reveal that,during the 2 centuries period from mid Tang to early Song Dynasties,the texts as a carrier for the transmission of such theory in both show no distinct changes,but only with minor revisions and improvements.%唐天宝十年(752)成书的《外台秘要方》中的伤寒部分,汇总了中唐及其以前的伤寒成果,而宋淳化三年(992)成书的《太平圣惠方》中的伤寒内容,则汇集了宋初及以前诸家伤寒之大成.对2书中伤寒理论部分进行比较,可以发现从中唐至宋初200年间,以“文本”为载体的伤寒理论基本没有大的变化,仅有少量的修正和完善.

  9. View on the Measurement Model of the Spillover Effect of Educational Investment:A Discussion with Zhou Sheng, Liu Zhengliang%关于教育投入外溢效益计量模型之我见--与周胜、刘正良商榷

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡庆十; 吴怡兴

    2013-01-01

    教育的经济效益有两大类和多个层次。教育的外溢效益是其间接效益的一类,包括三个层次。构建外溢效益的计量经济模型应有基本的要求,才会有科学的结论,尤其是关于第二、第三层次的效益模型。本文对周胜、刘正良构建的模型提出质疑,指出并分析其模型构建的不当之处和由此模型得出的多个错误结论。%The economic effect of education has two categories and multiple levels. The spillover effect of education, which contains three levels, is one kind of indirect economic effects. To construct econometric model of spillover effect, especially benefit model about the second and third level, we need to have the basic requirements, so that there will be scientific conclusions. This paper questions the model brought by Zhou Sheng and Liu Zhengliang, and points out and analyzes the improprieties of the model and the wrong conclusions inferred by the model.

  10. Effect of Tong Mai Da Sheng Tablet to Ovarian Hormone and Follicular Growth in Rat Model of Ovary Injury Caused by Tripterygium Glycosides%通脉大生片对雷公藤致卵巢损伤大鼠卵巢激素与卵泡发育的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴克明; 付雨; 吴也可; 徐晓娟; 刘鉞; 仝崇毅

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the mechanism involved in the reparative effect of Kidney Qi tonofying and Blood nourishing Chinese medicine compound " Tong Mai Da Sheng Pian" on the rat model of ovary injury caused by Tripterygium Clycosides. Methods:: Give the vaginal cytology assay to all the SD rats, and filter the laboratory rats which have normal estrous cycle. Take 6 rats randomly to normal control group, and give the others intragastric administration with tripterygium glycosides 40mg/ kg/day for 10 weeks. Divide the rats randomly into five groups, 6 for each, including the model blank group, the Premarin group, herbal high-dosage group, herbal mid-dosage group, and herbal low-dosage group. Feed them with saline, Premarin and "Tong Mai DaSheng Pian" in different dosages separately. At eight days, collect blood and kill the rats. Measure the ovarian index by tissue-weight-assay, check out "E2" , "P" with LEIA, and Inhibin B with ELJSA. Observe and count the number of growing follicle and corpus lute-um by optical microscope, and measure cross sectional area and circumference of growing follicle. Results: (1) The reproductive tox-icity of tripterygium glycosides can cause disorders of estrous cycle, decreasing of ovarian index, E2 , INHB, growthing follicles and corpus luteum number, follicle cross sectional area and circumference, P <0. 05 vs normal control group: (2) "Tong Mai Da Sheng Pian" has sound effects in curing the ill-conditioning, regulating the estrous cycle, increasing the ovarian index, E,, INHB and growing follicles number, moreover, therere large number of primary, secondary follicles and the follicles approaching maturity, And the growing follicle cross sectional area and circumference also has rising tendency, P <0.05 vs model blank group. Conclusion: (1) The tripterygium glycosides could cause follicle suppression in rattus norregicus of reproductive age. And the compound "Tong Mai Da Sheng Pian" pill, which tonifies Kidney Qi and Essence

  11. “死亡”主题下女性命运的探讨--沈从文《边城》与川端康成《古都》比较分析%Discussions on Female’ s Fate under the Theme of“Death”---Comparative Analysis between Sheng Congwen’s Border Town and Kawabata Yasunari’ Old Capital

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张蕾

    2014-01-01

    There is huge comparability between the two fictions-The Border Town of Sheng Congwen and The Old Capital of Kawabata Yasunari .“Death” is one of the common themes that these two fictions have shown .Meanwhile ,under this common theme ,the two masters have respectively focused on discussing the issues of female fate .Through the method of parallel comparison ,to discover the writers’ perspec-tives towards female destiny and analyze how they deliver their concepts in the fictions under the theme of “Death” will help better understand the two novels .%沈从文的《边城》与川端康成的《古都》存在着极大的可比性。“死亡”是这两部作品分别表现出来的主题之一,同时,两位大家分别在作品中探讨了女性的命运问题。通过平行研究,分析作者是如何在“死亡”主题下传达其对女性命运的认识,从而深入理解两种不同的女性观。

  12. 乐海深层数理结构探秘--郑荣达音乐学文集《声律乐调别论》述评%Exploration of the Mathematical Structure in-Depth of Music - Review of Zheng Rongda Musicology Collection Sheng Lv Yue Diao Bielun

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦序

    2016-01-01

    郑荣达先生多年撰写的一些音乐学重要论文,今精选汇编成书,命为《声律乐调别论》,即将由上海音乐学院出版社出版。这既是郑先生长期从事中国传统音乐研究的若干重要成果的一次集中展示,也是先生年近耄耋时一次人生回顾与心得总结,也是嘉惠中国音乐学学界(特别是广大青年后学)更方便地了解、传承前辈学人方法成果和思想精神的一件喜事。今阅其诸文感慨之际,提纲挈领略评梗概。%Choice selection of Zheng Rongda years of writing important musicolog-ical papers is compiled into a book, titled as Sheng Lv Yue Diao Bielun, will be pub-lished by Shanghai Conservatory of Music Press nearly. This is not only a concentrated display of Zheng’s a number of important achievements in researching on Chinese tra-ditional music in many years, but also a life review and summarize the experiences of Zheng as he live to the advanced age, and also a happy event to help the academic cir-cles of musicology (especially the majority of young people) more easily learn and in-heritance senior scholars method results and thinking spirits. The comments of this paper only touched upon the essentials of this book and commentary focused on the vital outline.

  13. 元代神话剧的双璧--《张生煮海》和《柳毅传书》共同点探析%Two Stars of Fairy Tales in Yuan Dynasty---Common Analysis on “Zhang Sheng Went to Boil the Sea”and “Liu Yi Zhuan ”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢天翊

    2016-01-01

    李好古的《张生煮海》和尚仲贤的《柳毅传书》被称作元代神话剧的双璧,是因为它们之间有着许多的相同点:都采用神怪的诡奇情节来突破元代众多爱情剧的俗套;都表现了对封建制度的不满和婚姻自由的赞美;两个神话剧中的男主人公都热情纯洁、忠实于爱情;两个神话剧都充满着神奇瑰丽的浪漫主义色彩;两个神话剧的语言都很有功力,曲辞和宾白清新明快,生动优美;两个神话剧都写了龙对人的屈服。%“Zhang Sheng Went to boil the Sea”of Li Shanggu and “Liu Yi Zhuan”of Shang Zhongxian are known as two stars of fairy tales in Yuan dynasty,because they have many similarities:use the genie strange plots to break through the stereotypes;express all the praise of dissatisfaction with the feudal system and the freedom of marriage;the heroes in the fairy tales are pure with passion and faithful to love;Both play god is full of romantic magic magnificent;both languages are of capability;poems and spoken parts are fresh and lively,vivid and beautiful;both of them express the yielding of dragon to human beings.

  14. 裂缝性碳酸盐岩油藏裂缝网络的识别方法研究--以胜利油区F潜山油藏应用为例%Logging Identification Method of Fracture Network in Fractured Carbonate Reservoirs:An Application Example of F Buried Hill in Shengli Oil Field

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丽艳; 乌洪翠; 王敏; 王伟; 张孝珍

    2014-01-01

    提出了针对碳酸盐岩裂缝型储层的裂缝识别和类型判别方法:在对常规测井曲线进行小波多尺度分析的基础上,通过求取剩余曲线变化率,以消除岩性对测井曲线的影响,突出裂缝信号,提高常规测井对裂缝的分辨率;以岩心描述和成像测井所识别的裂缝类型为样本,以多测井参数为变量,运用主成分分析和Fisher判别等方法,建立裂缝类型的判别模型。此方法应用于胜利油区F潜山碳酸盐岩储层的裂缝类型判别,效果较好。%Based on the application of wavelet analysis to conventional logs, through extracting the residual logging gradient, the influence of lithology to logging curves can reduced for highlighting the fracture signs. As a results, the fracture resolution from conventional logging is improved. On the basis of core observation and description, combined with FMI information, different types of fractures are identified using geostatistics method. An identification method of fracture network is established by multi-logging parameters. The proposed identification method of fracture network has obtained good results in the application of identifying the types of fractures in carbonate reservoirs of F Burial Hill in Shengli Oil Field.

  15. Effects of Inherent Minerals on the Production of Pyrolysis Gases and the Corresponding Kinetics for Shengli Lignite%固有矿物质对胜利褐煤热解气态产物生成及其动力学特性影响的实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周晨亮; 刘全生; 李阳; 智科端; 滕英跃; 宋银敏; 何润霞

    2013-01-01

    The pyrolysis was conducted in a micro fixed-bed reactor for the Shengli lignite (SL-raw) and the corresponding demineralized sample (SL-HF). The generation regularities of CO2, CO, CH4 and H2 during pyrolysis were investigated and corresponding formation reaction activation energy were studied from the reaction kinetics. The inherent mineral had no effect on the generating orders of CO2, CO, CH4 and H2 during pyrolysis. Compared with SL-raw, the corresponding temperatures of CO2 and CO of SL-HF to reach the maximum rates of formation were reduced about 107 K and 168 K, respectively. The maximum generation rate of CO2 of SL-HF and CO increased and decreased by 17.1%and 18.9%, respectively. Meanwhile, the maximum formation rate of H2 was reduced by 30.4 %. The minerals in Shengli lignite was conducive to generate higher H2+CO content syngas through pyrolysis, and attribute to increase H2/CO molar ratio by more than 37 %. Dynamics results show that the generation activation energy of CO2, CO, CH4 and H2 during pyrolysis of SL-raw and SL-HF process is in similar sequence:EH2>ECH4>ECO>ECO2. The reaction activation energy of generation of CO2, CO, CH4 for SL-HF are reduced by 33.7%, 13.1%and 16.9%, respectively, and H2 generation activation energy increased by 32.8%, showing that some inherent minerals in Shengli lignite suppress the formation of CO2, CO, CH4, but facilitate the generation of H2.%利用固定床反应装置,研究了内蒙古胜利褐煤(SL-raw)及其脱除矿物质煤(SL-HF)热解过程中 CO2、CO、CH4和H2生成规律,同时通过动力学回归拟合,得到CO2、CO、CH4和H2生成活化能。矿物质的脱除并不影响热解气CO2、CO、CH4和H2依次生成顺序,对CH4热解生成特性几乎没有影响。SL-HF热解过程中CO2和CO生成温度与SL-raw相比分别降低了107 K和168 K,其最大生成速率分别提高和降低了17.1%和18.9%,而H2也降低了30.4%。矿物质的存在,有利于胜利

  16. 胜利油田中心医院2014年药品不良反应报告540例分析%Adverse drug reactions during 2014 in Shengli Oil Field Central Hospital:analysis of 540 cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺德勇

    2016-01-01

    Objective To investigate the characteristics of adverse drug reaction( ADR) in Shengli Oil Field Central Hospital and promote clinical rational use of drug.Methods 540 ADR cases collected in our hospital during 2014 were analyzed statistically in terms of patients'age and gender,drug types and route of administration,clinical manifestation etc.Results The 540 ADR cases occurred in male/female ratio of 1.01:1;209 cases(38.7%) aged≥60 years;425 cases(78.7%) were induced via intravenous injection;69 cases(12.8%) were induced by oral drugs;the anti-infective drugs ranked the first in terms of ADR incidence;285 cases ( 35.14%) manifested as lesions of skin and its appendants;148 cases involved the basic drugs.Conclusion It is important to strengthen ADR monitoring in hospital and achieve rational and standard use of anti-infective drugs so as to avoid or reduce the occurrence of severe ADR.%目的:分析胜利油田中心医院(以下简称“该院”)药品不良反应( ADR)的发生情况,以促进临床合理用药。方法回顾性调查2014年该院收集、报告的540例ADR报告,从患者的年龄、性别、药品种类、给药途径、ADR的临床表现等方面进行统计、分析与评价。结果540例ADR中,男女比例接近1.01瞷1;≥60岁患者209例(占38.7%);静脉给药425例(占78.7%),口服给药69例(占12.8%);抗感染药物引起的ADR最多;ADR临床表现主要为皮肤及其附件损害285例,占52.78%;涉及基本药物148例。结论应加强医院ADR监测工作,合理、规范使用抗感染药物,避免或减少严重的ADR发生。

  17. Content analysis of heavy metals in Mytilus edulis from the special marine reserve of ShengSi MaAn Islands%嵊泗马鞍列岛国家级海洋特别保护区海域养殖紫贻贝(Mytilus edulis)重金属含量分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡益峰; 蒋红

    2012-01-01

    根据2005--2011年嵊泗马鞍列岛海洋特别保护区海域养殖紫贻贝(Mytilus edulis)重金属的监测结果,对贻贝生物体的汞(Hg)、砷(As)、铜(Cu)、铅(Pb)、镉(Cd)5种重金属元素的含量进行分析,对贻贝的质量安全进行了评价。结果表明:(1)贻贝体内重金属含量大小顺序为Cu〉Cd〉As〉Pb〉Hg,Cu含量最高,而Pb和cd含量超一类海洋生物质量标准;(2)贻贝体内As和cd含量已超过中国农业行业标准“无公害食品:水产品有毒有害物质限量”标准,应引起政府部门的高度重视。%According to the monitoring data of heavy metals (Hg, As , Cu , Pb and Cd) in Mytilus edulis from 2005 to 2011 in the sea areas of the special marine reserve of ShengSi MaAn Islands, we evaluated the safety and the healthy quality of Mytilus edulis. The results were obtained as follows: ( 1 ) The sequence of heavy metal contents in Mytilus edulis was Cu 〉 Cd 〉 As 〉 Pb 〉 Hg, the content of Cu was highest, and the contents of Pb and Cd belonged to the first class of marine biological quality standard. (2) The contents of As and Cd in Mytilus edulis highly exceeded the limit standard of "non - environmental pollution food, the limit for the deleterious matters in the aquatic product". The government should pay high attention to this issue.

  18. Study on the Characteristic of Dynamic Interfacial Tension between EOR Surfactants and Shengli Crude Oils%胜利原油与不同类型驱油表面活性剂间动态界面张力特性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王玮; 田艳; 万胜; 方洪波; 张磊; 张路

    2015-01-01

    系统研究了五种驱油表面活性剂和三种胜利原油的动态界面张力性质,考察了表面活性剂浓度对体系动态界面张力的影响。研究结果表明,在弱碱性条件下,原油中不同活性组分均能在界面上发生反应,原位生成界面活性物质。外加表面活性剂、原油活性组分及其界面产物间的相互作用决定了动态界面张力的特征行为,表现为“L”型、“V”型和“W”型三类动态界面张力特征曲线。表面活性剂的结构、浓度以及原油类型是影响动态界面张力特征的关键因素。%The dynamic interfacial tensions between five types of EOR surfactants and three types of Shengli crude oils were investigated,and the effect of surfactant concentration on interfacial tension was explored.The experimental results show that the different active components in crude oil could react under alkalescent condition and produce the surface-active soaps at the interface in situ.The interactions among the added surfactants,active components of crude oil and their products at interface together determined the characteristic behaviors of dynamic interfacial tension.Three types of characteristic dynamic interfacial tension curve might manifest as type"L",type"V" and type"W".The structure and concentration of surfactant and the type of crude oil were key factors impacting on the dynamic interfacial tension characteristics.

  19. Representation of his Mind the Way his Work Followed -A View of Hong Sheng' s Female Consciousness and Writing Psychology in his Late years in Terms of The Four Learned Ladies%称心而出,如题所止——从《四婵娟》看洪升的女性意识及其晚年的创作心理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高益荣

    2012-01-01

    The Four Learned Ladies was a series of mind-revealing poetic drama. By telling stories of the four learned ladies in Chinese history, Xie Daoyun, Wei Maoyi, Li Qingzhao and Guart Zhongji, the playwright ex- pressed his anti-traditional personal evaluation about women. In the plays, he highlighted the female characters' men-transcending talent and ability and sang praise of the new view of marriage and family which advocated tree- love-based marriage and equality between man and wife, which showed that Hong Sheng the playwright possessed a female consciousness of modem sense. From the above-mentioned, we can surmise Hong' s writing psychology in his late years.%《四婵娟》是一组写心杂剧,作者借谢道韫、卫茂漪、李清照和管仲姬四位历史上的才女以抒自己的心魂,对女性作出了不同传统观念的评价,突出其超乎男性的才识,赞颂了以真情为内核的夫妻平等互爱的美满的新型婚姻家庭观,表现出洪升具有现代意义的女性意识,由此亦可揣摩到洪升晚年的创作心理。

  20. 加味生铁落饮治疗痰火上扰证狂病伴危险行为患者的效果%Effect of Modified Sheng Tie Lao Decoction in the treatment of patients with upward flaming of phlegm-fire of manic psychosis together with dangerous behavior

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈生梅; 艾春启; 王熙; 戴文敬

    2015-01-01

    目的:了解加味生铁落饮治疗痰火上扰证狂病伴危险行为患者的效果。方法选取符合狂病伴危险行为患者100例,将诊断为痰火上扰证且符合精神分裂症伴发危险行为的56例患者随机分为加味生铁落饮联用利培酮组(治疗组)与单用利培酮组(单用组)。疗程4周,随访12个月。于治疗前及治疗1、2、3、4周分别采用危险行为分级量表评定危险行为;治疗前后采用阳性和阴性症状量表(PANSS)、不良反应量表(TESS)、健康状况问卷(SF-36)、大体评定量表(GAS)评定疗效、不良反应、生存质量,统计复发、再住院情况、危险行为改善情况。结果治疗组总有效率为82.1%,单用组为75.0%,两组比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);治疗组控制危险行为平均起效时间为(16.01±2.38)d,单用组为(20.93±2.25)d,两组比较差异有高度统计学意义(P0.05)。两组不良反应发生率比较差异有高度统计学意义(P0.05);the average onset time of con-trolling risk behavior in the treatment group was (16.01±2.38) days, which of single group was (20.93±2.25) days, there was a statistically significant difference between the two groups (P 0.05). The incidence of adverse reactions between the two groups had a statistically significant difference (P<0.01). The recurrence rate, rehospitalization rate, social disabil-ity rate of treatment group were all significantly lower than those of single group (P< 0.01). Several factor scores and total scores of treatment group were all significantly higher than those of single group (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Conclu-sion Combined treatment of Modified Sheng Tie Lao Decoction in patients with upward flaming of phlegm-fire of manic psychosis and meeting schizophrenia combined with dangerous behavior has the almost same effect with Resperidone alone group, dangerous behaviors are improved obviously and onset time is more shorter, the incidence of adverse reac

  1. Interpreting Hunger: Double-horror in the Novel Named Xue LuoDi De Sheng Yin Written by Da Long Dong Zhi%“饿”的解析——论达隆东智《雪落地的声音》的双重恐惧

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱文霞

    2012-01-01

    In his novel Xue Luo Di De Sheng Yin,Da Long Dong Zhi,a contemporary writer from Yugur Nationality,has unfolded the hero Salaer's psychological change process from hunger to death through a series of absurd and mysterious events as well as expresses his rational sight on an era by telling ghost stories.Hungry is one of the headwords in his fiction,all the horror and unfortunate fate of the characters are closely related to the missing of this physiological need.In its essence,it is the portraiture on particular individual's dilemma about life and death in certain ages,and this kind of dilemma has caused the madness of the hero Salaer.Meanwhile,the survey on this topic gives rich connotations to the text.Therefore,this work with its special region and ethnic culture marks the writer's successful attempt on subject choosing and literary expression.%裕固族当代作家达隆东智的中篇小说《雪落地的声音》以"讲鬼故事"的态度反思历史,通过一系列荒诞神秘、阴森诡异的事件展现主人公萨拉尔由"饿"至"疯"的心理变化过程,并在悬疑恐怖中表达作者对一个时代的理性审视。"饿"是小说的中心词之一,人物的恐惧与不幸命运,都与饥饿这一生理需要的无法满足密切相关。究其实质,"饿"即个体特定年代求生不易、求死不甘,生也恐惧、死也恐惧的矛盾心理的写照。这一二难命题的难以抉择性,最终导致了萨拉尔的疯狂。与此同时,对这一命题的哲学探讨,却赋予了文本深邃的内涵和丰富的张力,使其在或单纯再现特定历史阶段的现实主义小说,或以恐怖、悬疑取胜的恐怖小说,或形而上思考多于文学表现的哲理小说中脱颖而出,并与其独特的地域、民族文化表现一起,标志着作者题材选择的突围和文学表现的日益成熟,拥有多重阐释的空间。

  2. Porosity characteristics of chars from Shengli brown coal gasification under H2O/O2 atmospheres%H2O/O2气氛下胜利褐煤气化半焦的孔隙特性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙加亮; 王永刚; 王芳; 张锟俊; 王会; 张书

    2015-01-01

    Shengli brown coal was gasified by using a laboratory entrained flow reactor at 900℃under the atmospheres of H2O,O2 and their mixture,and pore structure features were investigated. The shapes of adsorption isothermal curves obtained from the chars under various atmospheres were Type II and the shapes of the adsorption loop curves were Type H3. There was a relatively continuous and integral pore system of chars with similar pore structures. Pore diameter distribution was influenced by reaction atmosphere. The quantity of macropores of char was less under all three atmospheres; the order of mesoporesfrom more to less was H2O>O2>H2O+1%O2,and the order of micropores was the reverse. The specific surface area of char presented the trend of increasing at first,then maintaining steady with the increase of H2O. The specific surface area of char during gasification under H2O+1%O2 mixture atmosphere increased by more than 30 times. It increased linearly with the increase of O2 at low concentration of oxygen. The relational expression for conversion versus ratio of micropore volume and total pore volume,and conversion versus specific surface area was X=0.196(Vm/V)+45.651,X=0.037S+48.066.%采用实验室气流床反应器,在H2O、O2及其混合气氛,900℃条件下进行了胜利褐煤气化实验,研究了气化半焦的孔隙结构特征。结果表明,在所有气氛下,半焦的吸附等温线均属于第II类型,吸附回线为H3型,褐煤气化半焦具有连续的较完整的孔体系,孔隙结构类似。反应气氛影响气化半焦的孔径分布,半焦中的大孔在3种气氛下均较少,中孔从多到少的顺序是:H2O>O2>H2O+1%O2,微孔与之相反。在水蒸气气氛下,随水蒸气浓度增加,半焦的比表面积先增大后趋于稳定。添加1%O2后,比表面积提升30多倍。低浓度O2气氛下,随O2浓度的增加,比表面积呈线性增长。褐煤转化率与微孔容积和总孔容积的比值以及比

  3. Study on interference of miao medicine sheng xian decoction on protein expression of brain-derived neuro-trophic factor in the sacral spinal cord of rats with cauda equina injury%苗药生仙汤对马尾损伤大鼠骶髓脑源性神经营养因子蛋白表达干预的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张磊; 熊屹; 王泽兰

    2014-01-01

    Objective Brain -derived neurophic factor ( BDNF) has played an important role in the repair of cauda equina Injury.The aim of this article was to observe the influences of Miao medicine Sheng Xian Decoction on structural change and BDNF protein expression in the sacral spinal cord of rats with cauda equina injury . Methods The rat model of cauda equina injury was es-tablished by using nerve clamping .Rats were randomly divided into the following groups:normal group , control group , Miao medicine group and mecobalamin group , 15 rats in each group .According to the death time after modeling , the rats in each group were subdivi-ded into 1d group, 7d group and 14d group, 5 in each subgroup.The nerve function recovery of rats in every group was observed through Basso , Beattie & Bresnahan locomotor rating score ( BBB score ) .The structural change of sacral spinal cord was observed(11.40 ±1.14) and the mecobalamin group (11.40 ±0.89) (P>0.05).On the 7th, 14th day after modeling, the scores of the Miao medicine group (17.0 ±1.00, 19.60 ±0.55) and the mecobalamin group (16.2 ±0.84, 18.80 ±0.84) were much higher than the control group (14.00 ±0.70, 16.40 ±0.55) (P0.05).The scores of the control group , the Miao medicine group and the mecobalamin group showed an increasing tendency with time, and the difference of scores among the groups are of statistical significance (P0.05).On the 7th and 14th day after modeling, the MOD values of the Miao medicine group (0.205 ±0.009, 0.183 ±0.008) and the mecobalamin group (0.217 ±0.033, 0.187 ±0.007) were much higher than that of the control group (0.181 ±0.007, 0.161 ±0.014), which was of significant difference (P0.05).The MOD values of the control group , the Miao medicine group and the mecobalamin group showed a tendency of increase followed by decrease with time .The MOD values of 3 subgroups in the Miao medicine group and the mecobalamin group had no statistical significance (P>0.05).The MOD value of 14d

  4. 生肌玉红膏促进下肢慢性溃疡肉芽生长257例的临床多中心对照研究%Estimation of Granulation Growth by Scores System on the Treatment of 257 Cases of Chronic Lower Leg Ulcer Patients with Traditional Chinese Medicine of ShengJi Yuhong Gao: A Multicenter, Double-blinded RCT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王江涛; 张晓清; 姚昶

    2012-01-01

      Objective A multicenter, double-blinded RCT study was designed to provide the type 2 clinical evidence of Traditional Chinese Medicine of ShengJi Yuhong Gao on the treatment of chronic lower leg ulcer by total therapeutic effect judgement and lower leg measure tool scores system. Methods 257 cases of chronic lower leg ulcer patients were applied randomly on the experimental and controlled groups by the third institute of data management, followed by the standardized clinical pathway of eliminating necrotic tissues, external applying of ShengJi Yuhong Gao or the blinded-controlled agency of petrolatum oil gauze on the wound and filled out all the records on each designed clinical report case. All results were transported to the data management through web instantly after the case finished. The data were disclosed under supervising by the third institute of data management and the results were analyzed afterwards. Results After unblinding, there are accordant distributions on the gender composition, etiology, the course, wound part and the area of wound. The healing rates of experimental group were up to 28.46% as well as the positive effective rates of 46.34%, comparing to the control group which only reached to one-third percentage of experimental group with P value of less than 0.0001. The growing situations of wound granulation evaluated by lower leg measure tool scores system showed that the modification of wound color changed earlier than the proliferation of wound granulation. After 14 days of treatment, the proliferation scores of wound granulation in the experimental group were significant better than the results of control group with P value less than 0.05, whereas of experimental group showed better results than those of control group as early as 7 days of treatment with P value less than 0.03. Conclusion The effects of improving wound healing of chronic lower leg ulcer by way of topical applying with Shengj Yuhong Gao are significant. The medicine

  5. 77 FR 28880 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-16

    ..., Inglewood, CA 90301, Officers: Edison Chen, Manager (Qualifying Individual), Wei-Nung (Janus) Lin, Member... A. Case, Vice President (Qualifying Individual), Thomas C. Case, President, Application Type:...

  6. STUDY ON THE MEANING OF“SHI DONG” AND“SUO SHENG BING”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚军; 王居易

    2000-01-01

    Meridians' symptoms and signs are the important content of the theory of acupuncture and moxibustion. They together with the description on meridians' travelling courses form the theoretical core of meridian doctrine. These meridians are mainly referred to the twelve regular meridians. These contents are the importanttheory and foundation for guiding differentiation of syndromes and treatment in various clinical

  7. Color in packaging design : Case: ZheJiang JinSheng packaging Co,Ltd

    OpenAIRE

    Hu, Cuicui

    2010-01-01

    Color occupies an important position in packaging design, with the improvement of living standard, the higher requirement of color design in packaging. The aim of this thesis was to discuss key issues concerning aesthetics of packaging design. Topics will include an overview of the packaging design, the influence factor of packaging design, and introduce the aesthetics from packaging aspect. This thesis will also identify common problems of the production process, and list the phases of ho...

  8. 笙音色探究%To Probe into the Timbre of Sheng

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘瑜

    2011-01-01

    笙作为中华古老的簧管乐器,自古以来,人们对其研究就从未停止过.特别是对笙的历史演变、内部结构以及演奏技巧等都曾有过大量的叙述.文章从笙的簧和管的材料选择、形状(结构)以及制作技术的关键点这三方面进行考证与研究,以探究笙的音色差异以及如何把握好笙的最佳音色.

  9. [Petroleum pollution and the microbial community structure in the soil of Shengli Oilfield].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Jian; Song, Xue-Ying; Sun, Rui-Lian; Xie, Fu-Ju; Wang, Ren-Qing; Wang, Wen-Xing

    2014-03-01

    Soils around a new oil well (2011- ) and an old oil well (1966-2003) were sampled to investigate the characteristics of petroleum pollution in the oilfield. The structure of soil microbial community was analyzed by PCR-DGGE and clone sequencing techniques. Results showed that the soils around the two oil wells were generally contaminated with petroleum, and the concentrations of total petroleum hydrocarbons mostly exceeded the threshold of the environmental quality standards of soil (500 mg x kg(-1)). The total petroleum hydrocarbons concentration of the polluted soil was significantly positively correlated with the contents of organic carbon, total nitrogen and available potassium, respectively. The microbial diversity index in the soil around the old oil well decreased with the increasing total petroleum hydrocarbons concentration, however, it was reversed for the soil around the new oil well. Sequence analysis of the prominent bands in DGGE profiles showed that some dominant species existed in the petroleum-contaminated soils around the oil wells and mostly were oil-associated and hydrocarbon degrading bacteria, including Microbacterium, Streptomyces, Dietzia, Flavobacterium, alpha-Proteobacteria, and gamma-Proteobacteria.

  10. The history of ginseng in the management of erectile dysfunction in ancient China (3500-2600 BCE).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nair, Rajesh; Sellaturay, Senthy; Sriprasad, Seshadri

    2012-01-01

    Emperor Shen-Nung was the second of China's mythical emperors (3500-2600 BCE). Widely considered the father of Chinese medicine, he catalogued over 365 species of medicinal plants which he personally tasted. Through his treatise 'Shen Nung Benchau Jing', we relive Emperor Shen-Nung's contribution to urology with reference to his management of erectile dysfunction. Time-related sources in medical and historical literature were reviewed, including the 'Shen Nung Benchau Jing' (The medicine book of Emperor Shen-Nung), archives and manuscripts at the Wellcome History of Medicine Collection, the Royal Society of Medicine, London, The Hong Kong Museum of Medical Sciences, and The Museum of Medical History, Shanghai, China. Chinese traditional herbal medicine began approximately 5000 years ago. Agricultural clan leader, Emperor Shen-Nung, was said to have a 'crystal-like belly' to watch the reactions in his own stomach of the herbs he collected. Ginseng was among of Shen Nung's contributions to herbal medicine. He experienced a warm and sexually pleasurable feeling after chewing the root. He advocated this as a treatment for erectile dysfunction and used it to stimulate sexual appetite. The reputation of ginseng as an aphrodisiac is based on the doctrine of signatures, since the adult root has a phallic shape. Shen-Nung believed that ginseng's resemblance to the human form is proof of its rejuvenative and aphrodisiac properties. It was believed that the closer the similarity to the human figure, the more potent the root. The use of ginseng for erectile dysfunction by Emperor Shen-Nung was unique for its time. It continues to hold parallels as a modern-day herbal aphrodisiac 5000 years on.

  11. DU Yue-sheng and Labour Movement in Shanghai%杜月笙和上海工运

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾健娣; 林齐模

    2002-01-01

    杜月笙与上海工运的关系颇为复杂.1927年前,杜月笙对共产党领导的工人运动采取支持的态度;"四·一二"期间,他倒向国民党,对工人运动进行镇压;国民党政权建立后,为了政治需要,他又积极参与平息工潮,利用工运.杜月笙与上海工运的关系是以服从个人利益的需要而变化的.

  12. 论盛唐文人的贬谪心态%On Domoted Mind of the Litterateur in Sheng Tang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡阿聪

    2007-01-01

    在盛唐文人的贬谪心态中,虽然有愁怨悲苦,愤懑不平,但盛世的沦谪者们在自然山水的雅赏或恣情之中,心态闲暇超逸、轻扬愉心;他们塑造了沦谪者潇洒飘逸的形象;他们诗酒唱和,乐妓歌舞,浮华豪奢,流连玩赏,不改往日的气派;他们也想象和向往世外自由飘逸的境界,并把世俗的享乐和欢娱移置其中,以此作为困踬中高扬个性和自我超脱的方式;他们期许和称赞沦谪者的才华德行,并对沦谪者的未来寄托着美好的愿望;他们甚至对沦谪天涯的伤心之地也充满着一份人生的深情和眷恋.

  13. 《再生缘》与女性文学%Zai Sheng Yuan (Rebirth Destiny) and Female Literature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方红

    2001-01-01

    清代作家陈端生的长篇弹词名著在当时曾引起强烈轰动,但学术界却一直以冷淡的态度对待它,尽管它曾得到过陈寅恪和郭沫若先生的极高评价.笔者希望通过自己力薄手低的研究,引起学术界对女性魅力的关注,从而丰富我国古代女性文学的内涵.

  14. Problems Encountered and Countermeasure Adopted During Processing of Shengli High-sulfur and High-acidity Crude

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hu Zhenghai

    2007-01-01

    The centralized processing of high-sulfur and high-acidity crude has contributed to improvement of the overall economic benefits of the oil refining enterprise,but has also resulted in crude emulsification,severe corrosion of process units and environmental protection issues.The long-cycle,safe and smooth operation of process units were guaranteed after selection of optimal processing routes and adoption of a series of technical measures.

  15. The history of ginseng in the management of erectile dysfunction in ancient China (3500-2600 BCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajesh Nair

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Emperor Shen-Nung was the second of China′s mythical emperors (3500-2600 BCE. Widely considered the father of Chinese medicine, he catalogued over 365 species of medicinal plants which he personally tasted. Through his treatise ′Shen Nung Benchau Jing′, we relive Emperor Shen-Nung′s contribution to urology with reference to his management of erectile dysfunction. Time-related sources in medical and historical literature were reviewed, including the ′Shen Nung Benchau Jing′ (The medicine book of Emperor Shen-Nung, archives and manuscripts at the Wellcome History of Medicine Collection, the Royal Society of Medicine, London, The Hong Kong Museum of Medical Sciences, and The Museum of Medical History, Shanghai, China. Chinese traditional herbal medicine began approximately 5000 years ago. Agricultural clan leader, Emperor Shen-Nung, was said to have a ′crystal-like belly′ to watch the reactions in his own stomach of the herbs he collected. Ginseng was among of Shen Nung′s contributions to herbal medicine. He experienced a warm and sexually pleasurable feeling after chewing the root. He advocated this as a treatment for erectile dysfunction and used it to stimulate sexual appetite. The reputation of ginseng as an aphrodisiac is based on the doctrine of signatures, since the adult root has a phallic shape. Shen-Nung believed that ginseng′s resemblance to the human form is proof of its rejuvenative and aphrodisiac properties. It was believed that the closer the similarity to the human figure, the more potent the root. The use of ginseng for erectile dysfunction by Emperor Shen-Nung was unique for its time. It continues to hold parallels as a modern-day herbal aphrodisiac 5000 years on.

  16. Investigation on infection of Bartonella in Shengli oilfields%胜利油区巴尔通体检测及感染现状调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨爱国

    2008-01-01

    目的 研究的对象为胜利油田特殊的人群,研究的内容为巴尔通体的感染率.方法 运用酶标技术、分子生物学中的PCR技术对人的样品进行检测.结果 采集居住野外环境240人份,阳性为29份,阳性率为12.08%(29/240),采集城市生活区210人份,阳性为2份,阳性率为0.47%(2/210),居住野外环境人群巴尔通体感染率明显高于城市生活区(x2=4.52,P<0.01).男性224份,阳性率5.36%(12/224),女226份,阳性率为8.41(19/226),(x2=1.52,P>0.05),无显著性差异.结论 通过调查,胜利油田职工高危人群存在巴尔通体感染.

  17. Liang Sheng-bao's Image in Vision of New Century%新世纪视野中的梁生宝形象

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李秋香; 阎浩岗

    2011-01-01

    用今天的眼光看,《创业史》对主人公梁生宝思想行为和语言的描写合乎逻辑、真实可信。梁生宝的人生选择合乎其情感逻辑与理性逻辑,作品对其心理活动中某些理念活动的描写也不违反事理逻辑。梁生宝选择集体创业而放弃个人发家,是因其天性中的善良和富于同情心;他的创业激情,则又与其强烈的自尊需要相关。梁生宝形象是一个成功的艺术典型,在今天仍有其现实意义。%Judging by today' s viewpoint, the description in History of entrepreneurship about the hero Liang Shengbao is logical and realistic. Liang Shengbao's life choice agrees with his emotion logic and the rational logic. The description in the work about Linang Shengbao's idea activity does not violate common sense logic. That Liang Shengbao chooses collective entrepreneurship to give up personal fortune is due to the nature of his kind and sympathy. His entrepreneurial passion is associated with a strong self-esteem needs. Liang Shengbao is a successful artistic model, which still has its practical significance in today.

  18. Further Research on the Date of the First Edition of Hu Sheng Paintings%«护生画集»初版时间再考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈星

    2015-01-01

    丰子恺绘作的“护生画”影响深远,但学界对«护生画集»的初版时间却一直表述不清,甚至存在争议。根据弘一法师书信和相关史料,可以厘清«护生画集»的编绘、出版始末,并知晓从«戒杀画集»到«护生画集»这一名称变化的过程。经过考证,可知«护生画集»不可能初版于1928年2月,应初版于1929年1月至7月之间。%Feng Zikai paintings are of profound impact,but there is no clear record about the exact time of the first edition of Husheng Pantings .According to Master Hong Yi’s correspondence and related historical ma-terials,the writer clarified the compilation,publication process of Husheng Pantings ,revealing the whole story of changing the title from "Jiesha Paintins”to Husheng Pantings .After research,the paper proved that Hush-eng Pantings should have been first published in from January to July,1 929,instead of February 1 928.

  19. JinSheng-tan’s Theory of Personalities%因缘生法各有性情--金圣叹之人物性格论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙爱玲

    2013-01-01

    Jin Shengtan's comment on “The Water Margin” paid attention to figuring personality. Jin Shengtan emphasized the individuality of the features of character, put forward the principles to portraying features of characters, summarized the portrayal of characters’ methods, established the theory of features of characters of novels, and exerted an profound influence on later generations.%  金圣叹评点《水浒传》,注重人物性格的塑造。他强调人物性格的个性化,揭示出刻画人物性格的原则,总结了人物描写的方法,建立起小说人物性格的理论,对后世产生了深远影响。

  20. Hydrofluoric acid chemical cleaning for running boiler WU Lierong, SHENG Peng%直流锅炉氢氟酸化学清洗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴列荣; 盛鹏

    2012-01-01

    本文介绍了运行直流锅炉采用氢氟酸半闭半循环化学清洗方法的工艺特点、控制方法等,详细叙述了化学清洗过程,通过清洗效果比较,说明了半闭半循环化学清洗方法的优势,炎同类型锅炉进行氢氟酸化学清洗提供了经验借鉴。%This article described the run Boiler process characteristics of hydrofluoric acid semi-closed cycle chemical cleaning method, the control method described in detail the chemical cleaning process, cleaning effect, indicating that the advantages of semi-closed cycle chemical cleaning method, for the HF chemical cleaning of the same type of boiler to provide the experience.

  1. 浅谈公共危机教育--以胜利油田为例%Public Crisis Education in Shengli Oil Field

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李瑞珍

    2013-01-01

    目前,在我国无论是学校还是各类企事业单位,普遍存在着缺少对公共危机事件应对和管理的教育。最近几年,各类公共危机事件频发,对一些区域造成了直接的经济损失和人员的伤害,促使我们认识到,公共危机教育要面向公众,要使全社会都认识到公共危机管理和应对的重要性。石油开采作为高危产品生产企业,加强危机教育、提高危机意识及危机应对能力刻不容缓。%There is a common phenomenon of lacking the education for coping and managing public crisis in China nowa-days .In recent years ,different kinds of public crisis accidents which led to direct economy and life loss aroused our awareness of the importance of handling and managing public crisis ,and its education must be for the public .Petroleum exploration enter-prise is producing high-risk products and it is very important to highlight the crisis educaiton ,promote crisis awareness and coping capacity .

  2. Chuancheng yu gengxin: Liu Mei sheng yu Minguo shiqi de shixue%传承与更新:留美生与民国时期的史学

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李春雷

    2008-01-01

    @@ As it has long been acknowledged that historians do not simply write objectivehistories, but are themselves products of Specific times and places, there is littlequestion that histories of historiography can provide important insights. ProfessorLi Chunlei, of Tianjin Polytechnic University, contributes to our understandingof the origins of the modem discipline of history in China by focusing on theimportant role of returned students from the U.S. in fostering its developmentand shaping its direction.

  3. 防风通圣散治疗肥胖症的研究现状%Fang Feng Tong Sheng San Status of Treatment of Obesity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    牛蔚露; 万斌

    2009-01-01

    国内外学者就防风通圣散治疗肥胖症进行了较为深入的研究,取得了不少成果.查阅近30年的相关文献报道,分别从动物试验和临床研究两个方面就其现状予以综述.通过整理分析文献发现:(1)相关文献数量较少;(2)动物实验文献更少,且多数由国外学者完成;(3)早期临床试验不尽规范;(4)防风通圣散是中医临床治疗肥胖症的常用方剂,其疗效确切,安全性高,值得深入研究.

  4. 胜利油田桩西地区沉积微相的DTM研究%Study of Sedimentary Microfacies in Zhuangxi Region, Shengli Oil Field

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付守会; 王晓军; 曾乔松; 陈广浩

    2013-01-01

    利用沉积微相数字地面模型(Digital Terrain Model,DTM),动态分析桩西地区油砂体在三维空间的展布特征,从微观上研究油气藏的构造及沉积演化机理.认为该地区油砂体从扇跟以朵叶体形式开始沉积,从南向北逐渐过渡到扇中微沉积相和扇端微沉积相.分析沉积微相DTM与储积层的物性、砂体结构和物质成分、剩余油的分布等之间的关系,以期为油砂体空间分布预测和剩余油分布预测提供重要依据.%By using sedimentary microfiacies DTM,the 3D space distribution characteristics of the oil sandbody in Zhangxi Region is dynamically analyzed,and the tectonic sedimentary evolution mechanism of hydrocarbon accumulation is microscopically researched. It is proposed that the oil sandbody begin to depose,as delta lobes,from internal fan,and gradually change to middle fan and outer fan from south to north. We analyze the relationship between sedimentary microfacies and the physical properties of the reservoir layer, the structure and component of sandbody,the distribution of remaining oil,and so on,and expect to provide a reference for forecasting the distributions of oil sandbody and residual oil.

  5. Application of Serum Enzyme Biomakers in Hepatotoxicity Evaluation SHENG%酶生物标志物在肝毒性评价中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    盛云华; 周绮; 姚广涛

    2011-01-01

    In the research and development of new drug, many drug canfliflates have been out because of severe drug adverse reaction, among which drug-induced hepatotoxicity account for a higher proportion.The liver has the most abundant enzymes, with combining determination of serum enzyme, we can understand the state of the liver timely. In this paper , the application of tranditional makers of serum enzyme and potential hiomakers of hepatotoxicity are summarized ,then we hope to predict or discovery hepatotoxicity in an early stage and take measure timely through combing determination of the tranditional and potential biomakers.%在新药研发过程中,很多候选药物由于严重的不良反应而遭淘汰,各类不良反应中药物引起的肝毒性最多.肝脏是体内含酶最丰富的器官,通过联合检测血清中酶的变化可以及时了解肝脏的病理生理状态.现就肝毒性传统血清酶生物标志物和潜在的血清酶生物标志物在肝毒性评价中的应用予以综述,以期通过联合检测血清酶,做到早期发现毒性,早采取措施.

  6. Re ‘Luminescence dating of K-feldspar from sediments: a protocol without anomalous fading correction’ by Bo Li and Sheng-Hua Li

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Kristina Jørkov; Murray, Andrew; Jain, Mayank;

    2012-01-01

    Have recently proposed a new measurement procedure (MET-pIRIR) for luminescence dating using feldspar; they argue that this procedure reduces anomalous fading to negligible levels, and that it is a significant improvement over existing protocols (pIRIR290). Here we compare the measured equivalent...

  7. 论李清照《声声慢》中的文化形象的传递%On Translation of Li Qingzhao’s Sheng Shengman

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张蕾

    2014-01-01

    Image is the soul of a poem, embodies the beauty of it. In a larger range, it includes the emotion of the initiator of the poem, the style of the poet, his choice of words and building of sentence, and the cultural setting of his creativity. In order to sat-isfy different aesthetic expectations in different person, we should regard the poem in proper as the object, through analyzing the poem, to choose the optimal method accordingly and properly, maximizing the effect of the original image beauty.%形象是诗歌的灵魂,是诗歌美的结晶,只有在翻译时兼顾到传达这些信息,适时进行文化形象的转换,才能使原作的美在译语读者那里活灵活现,译语读者才有机会了解原语国家的文化。该文以比较林语堂与许渊冲版对李清照《声声慢》的英译文为例,以分析译诗应取舍结合,选择最佳方法,适时进行变通,将原语国家的文化形象美最大限度地最全面地传达给译语读者。

  8. A Novel Hand-Held Optical Imager with Real-Time Co-Registration Facilities Towards Diagnostic Mammography

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    spectroscopy,” UCI Undergraduate Res. J. II, pp. 43–49, 1999. [11] B. J. Tromberg, N. Shah, R. Lanning, A. Cerussi, J. Espinoza , T. Pham, L. Svaasand, and J...mammography,” Acad. Ra- diol., vol. 8, pp. 211–218, 2001. [14] N. Shah, A. Cerussi, C. Eker, J. Espinoza , J. Butler, J. Fishkin, R. Hor- nung, and B

  9. Der französische GAV ist unrealistisch

    CERN Multimedia

    1984-01-01

    "Seit über zwei Wochen ist bei Genf ein Arbeitskonflikt im Gang. Die Arbeiter, die für das CERN eine gigantische Forschungsanlage bauen sollen, verlangen eine bessere Entlönung. Doch das federfürende Baukonsortium will nicht darauf eingehen, und die CERN-Verantwortlichen halten sich aus der Sache raus" (1 page).

  10. A new species of Xorides Latreille (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Xoridinae parasitizing Pterolophia alternata (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae in Robinia pseudoacacia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mao-Ling Sheng

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available A new species is described, Xorides benxicus Sheng, sp. n., reared from the cerambycid twig-boring pest of Robinia pseudoacacia Linnaeus, Pterolophia alternata Gressitt 1938, in Benxi County, Liaoning Province, China. A key is given to the species similar to Xorides benxicus Sheng, namely X. asiasius Sheng & Hilszczański 2009, X. cinnabarius Sheng & Hilszczański 2009 and X. sapporensis (Uchida 1928.

  11. PCM管道电流检测系统介绍及应用%PIPELINE CURRENT MAPPING SYSTEM FOR DETECTING AND ASSESSING THE COATING'S QUALITY OF THE BURIED PIPELINE IN SHENGLI OIL FIELD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    耿铂; 余越泉; 王健健

    2002-01-01

    介绍一种新型的防护层质量检测方法——PCM管道电流检测系统.通过对胜利油田几个采油厂埋地钢质管道外防护层质量的检测,较系统地评价了部分输油管道外防护层的质量状况.

  12. 利用土著微生物修复胜利油田含油污泥的工业实验%Industrial Experiments on Bioremediation of the Oil Sludge with Indigenous Organisms in Shengli Oilfield

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫毓霞

    2008-01-01

    以胜利油田滨一污水站长期堆放的含油污泥为研究对象,采取工程措施创造有利于土著微生物生长繁殖的条件,强化其石油降解活性,以修复480 m3的含油污泥.测定了不同修复阶段污泥的油含量、不同种类微生物数量和污泥基本理化性质的变化情况,并与加入菌剂和未做任何处理的对照区块进行对比.对初始油含量为126 g/kg的污泥,利用土著微生物进行230天的修复后,油含量下降了42.8%,持水量明显增加,生物毒性降低.结果表明,利用土著微生物进行含油污泥的生物修复可在一定程度上去除石油污染物,是一种有效的含油污泥处理方法.

  13. 胜利油田超稠油蒸汽驱汽窜控制技术%Steam channeling control in the steam flooding of super heavy oil reservoirs, Shengli Oilfield

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹嫣镔; 刘冬青; 张仲平; 王善堂; 王全; 夏道宏

    2012-01-01

    In view of the severe steam channeling in the steam flooding of super heavy reservoir, lab experiment on steam channeling control were carried out. The combination of nitrogen foam and thermoset blocking agent was tested to seal steam channeling, in which thermoset blocking agent plugs big pore throats, while nitrogen foam adjusts steam absorption profile. The optimized foam formulation has a resistance factor of over 30 at 300 ℃, can plug low oil saturation areas selectively, and applies to the plugging of high permeability zones in super-heavy oil reservoirs. Thermoset blocking agent, which would consolidate at 120℃ in 4 h and consolidate at 150℃ in 2 h, can provide effective plugging during dynamic steam flooding. The best steam channeling control mode was determined using parallel tube model. By the combination of nitrogen foam and thermoset blocking agent, the recovery rate is 5.7% higher than the application of nitrogen foam only, with the overall sweeping efficiency reaching up to 60.8%. In 2011, the mode was used in the steam flooding in Shan-56 reservoir. The water cut drops 10.2%, the wellhead temperature of producer drops more than 15℃, the oil production of the well group increases over 28 tons per day, the valid period of a single cycle is up to 198 days, and the oil production increases 2 562 t, showing significant improvement in steam flooding.%针对超稠油油藏蒸汽驱过程中汽窜严重的问题,开展室内蒸汽驱汽窜控制技术研究,将氮气泡沫与热固性堵剂相结合封堵汽窜,热固性堵剂封堵大孔道,氮气泡沫调整蒸汽的吸汽剖面.优化后的泡沫剂体系300℃阻力因子达到30以上,且对低含油饱和度区域具有选择性封堵作用,适用于超稠油油藏条件下高渗透带的封堵;热固性堵剂在静态120℃可4h形成固结,150℃可2h有效固结,在蒸汽动态驱替过程中可形成有效封堵.利用双岩心管开展堵调工艺评价研究,结果表明,采用热固性堵剂和氮气泡沫相结合的封堵汽窜方式比单纯应用氮气泡沫提高采收率5.7%,驱替效率整体达到60.8%. 2011年在单56超稠油藏进行现场实施,措施后综合含水下降10.2%,生产井井口温度下降15℃,井组日产油量增加28 t以上,单轮次措施有效期198 d,措施增油2562 t,效果明显.

  14. Study on the activation Geobacillus species in Zhan 3 blocks of Shengli Oilfield%胜利油田沾3区块油藏中Geobacillus菌的激活研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李彩风; 李阳; 吴昕宇; 曹嫣镔; 汪卫东; 包木太

    2016-01-01

    利用16S rRNA克隆文库技术分析胜利油田沾3区块油藏样品的微生物群落结构,使用不同激活剂对沾3区块油藏样品进行内源微生物激活,对激活后样品进行乳化能力、产生表面活性物质能力评价及微生物群落结构分析,并开展物理模拟驱油实验.结果表明:沾3区块油藏样品中含有2%的Geobacillus,该菌是沾3区块油藏内源微生物中产生表面活性物质、发挥乳化功能的关键菌群;加入适宜的激活剂体系可以选择性激活该类细菌,使其成为优势菌;利用选择性激活Geobacillus的配方激活沾3区块油藏内源微生物,可以在水驱基础上提高原油采收率10.8%.

  15. 张竞生的性学普及之旅——兼论与梁实秋的性学论争%Zhang Jing-sheng's Popularization of Knowledge on Sexology and His Debation with Liang Shiqiu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王鸣剑

    2011-01-01

    "五四"时期,张竟生倡导节育和优生的性学思想,不仅引起了轩然大波,而且还遭致了几乎一边倒的驳斥.在这些论战中,既无过往也无交集的他与梁实秋,因缘际会,1927年同处上海,在各自主编的刊物和((时事新报·青光>上,就"性部呼吸与道士思想"引发笔仗.由此可察性学作为科学研究的举步维艰,也折射出张竟生矢志普及性学的孤立和梁实秋思想的保守.

  16. 石油企业作业队伍超时劳动问题探讨--以胜利油田为例%Discussion on Overtime Work by Oil Companies Operating Teams---Taking Shengli Oilfield as An Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯哲

    2015-01-01

    The overtime work by front-line workers in oil development enterprises has been a difficult problem which has plagued the human resource management for years.The main reason for overtime work is that the job teams and the actual number of labor power and the workload is not matching,supporting ability is insufficient,pipe and rod are seriously aging,and the pattern of labor organization is comparatively backward.Therefore,we should strengthen the top-level design,optimize the whole operation system scheme,and alleviate or solve the overtime work to a certain extent,and constantly improve the la-bor efficiency and benefit and safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of the workers'rest and leaves.%石油企业开发单位作业一线员工超时劳动问题是多年来困扰各单位人力资源管理部门的一个难题。产生超时的原因主要是作业队伍与实际动力数、现有工作量不匹,配套保障能力不足,管杆老化严重,劳动组织形式较为落后等。对此,应加强顶层设计,优化作业系统整体运行方案,力求在一定程度上缓解或解决超时劳动现象,不断提高用工效率和效益,保障职工休息休假的合法权益。

  17. 胜利减压渣油与催化循环油共炭化的研究%STUDY OF CO-CARBONIZATION OF SHENGLI VACUUM RESIDUE AND FCC SLURRY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭燕生; 陈丽丽; 查庆芳; 吴明铂

    2004-01-01

    将齐鲁石化胜利炼油厂北催化油浆( FCC)和胜利减压渣油( VR)以不同比例搀兑,在 490 ℃、 0.8 MPa条件下对搀兑后的原料进行不同反应时间的共炭化,得到了不同的中间产物.利用 NMR、元素分析等手段对中间产物的 HS、 TS、 PS、 PI 等组分进行了考察,并讨论了组成变化对成焦的影响.结果表明搀入 FCC油浆抑制了 VR的反应活性 ,降低了体系的反应速度,增加了基质的溶解度;体系的芳香度越高,取代基越少,侧链越短,基质对 VR中的活性反应组分在炭化早期生成的高度缩合物质的溶解度越大.

  18. 升官图游戏对当代游戏设计的参考价值%THE REFERENCE VALUE OF SHENG GUANTU GAME TO CONTEMPORARY GAME DESIGN

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚程珠; 秦菊英; 周尧

    2016-01-01

    In recent years, the traditional cultural education of children gets more and more attention. Fine traditional culture wil help the children set a good, correct values and world view. Aiming at the absence of traditional culture in toys currently on the market, taking the game of Shen Guantu as the starting point, the article explores penetration of traditional culture in the traditional games and education. Through the research, the article found that the game of Shen Guantu has strong features of "entertaining", "rich in truth" "strong character" in the moral education of children. It can provide a reference and guide for the game design.%近些年来,社会对于儿童传统文化教育方面的重视度越来越高,优良的传统文化有助于儿童树立良好的、正确的人生观、价值观和世界观,对儿童行为具有一定的指导意义。针对目前市场上玩具中传统文化内涵的缺失,以《升官图》游戏为出发点,探究传统游戏中传统文化的渗透方式和教育意义,通过研究发现传统游戏《升官图》在儿童育德放面有着较强的“寓教于乐”、“富含真实”、“浓厚特色”等特点,能够为现代育德游戏的设计提供一定的借鉴和指导意义。

  19. 金圣叹与弗洛伊德的文学创作心理论之比较%A Comparative Study in Literary Psychology: JIN Sheng-tan and Sigmund Freud

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘南南

    2003-01-01

    金圣叹和弗洛伊德都是著名的文学评论家,其理论的显著特色之一就是挖掘人性.本文尝试以和为例,考察两人从文学创作角度对人的心理表现这一命题的阐述,比较两者理论诸多可沟通探讨之处,并探究其相似的原因.

  20. 超声波对胜利浅海原油降粘试验研究%Experimental Study of Viscosity Reduction on Crude Oil of Shengli Shallow Sea Oilfield with Ultrasonic Technique

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董贤勇; 张平; 林日亿; 李兆敏

    2004-01-01

    为了经济有效的开采高凝、高粘原油,降低原油管道输送能耗,对胜利油田浅海脱水原油进行了不同声强、频率、作用时间等超声波降粘试验和筛选最佳降粘参数组合的正交试验,得到了超声波降粘的最佳组合参数.该研究有助于超声波在原油开采、输送等方面的应用.

  1. 超声波对胜利浅海原油降粘实验研究%Experimental study of viscosity reduction on crude oil of Shengli shallow sea oil field with ultrasonic technique

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李兆敏; 林日亿; 张平; 董贤勇

    2004-01-01

    为了经济有效的开采高凝、高粘原油和降低原油管道输送的能耗,对胜利浅海脱水原油进行了不同声强、频率、作用时间的超声波降粘试验和筛选最佳降粘组合参数的正交实验.实验得到了超声波降粘的最佳组合参数,同时认为温度是影响原油粘度最大的因素,温度越高,超声波作用降粘效果越不明显;温度越低,降粘效果越明显.该研究不仅使超声波在原油开采中得到应用,而且利用超声波实现原油常温输送,将大大降低能耗.

  2. 城乡规划学启蒙课教改实践及延展方法研究%Reform Of Rudimentary Lessons In Urban Planning Education/Shen Yao, Zhou Kai, Jiao Sheng, Jiang Suqi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈瑶; 周恺; 焦胜; 蒋甦琦

    2015-01-01

    Most urban planning majors in colege were separated from architecture. The paper introduces cutting-edge brain science and workshop education theories, conducts “cognition-understanding-discussion-reflection-practice” experiment in rudimentary lessons to motivate students’ initiative. The teaching results and extension models indicate that improved students’ initiatives have positive efects on professional ability.%传统城市规划专业大多从建筑学专业转型分离出来,专业转型问题突出。研究主要针对城乡规划学专业的启蒙课程展开,以国际前沿的脑科学及工作坊教学理论为基础,以提高学生的学习主体性为主要目标,从具体的教学环节创新入手,展开了以“认知—体悟—讨论—反思—实践”为主线的教学环节实验,通过对教学实验的内容和效果的分析,以及延展模式的探索,反映学习主体性的提高在专业思维能力培养上的积极效果。

  3. Preparation of nickel-loaded on Shengli lignite catalysts for catalytic gasification of biomass%胜利褐煤负载镍生物质气化催化剂实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    边岳; 徐宝山; 王本水; 曹景沛; 赵小燕; 魏贤勇

    2014-01-01

    In order to prepare low price and high active catalyst for biomass tar pyrogasification,based on the rich oxygen-containing spe-cies in lignite,a kind of novel catalyst was prepared by loading nickel on Shenli lignite char via ion-exchange.The effects of solution pH and carbonization temperature on the physic-chemical properties of catalyst was studied.The research determined the optimum operation condition of Ni/ SLC catalyst.Then the catalyst was used in two-stage moving-bed gasification of corn cob in quartz tube reactor.The influ-ence of catalyst on gas yield and carbon balance was investigated.The results showed that,the catalyst prepared in the pH of 11 at 650 ℃reached the maximum SSA of 266.3 m2 / g and the nickel particles dispersed quite well in the catalyst with the NCS of 5.0 nm.It effectively improved tar decomposition at 650 ℃ under inert atmosphere and produced a tar-free syngas in a yield of 43.9 mmol/ g,which were 3.3 times of the total gas yield without catalyst.The gasification of coal tar with steam was thorough.The gas yield were 85.1 mmol/ g,the H2 yield were 61.9 mmol/ g,which were 72.7% of the total gas yield.So the Ni/ SLC catalyst was suitable for the gasification of biomass.%为获得较低温度下生物质焦油高效裂解气化的廉价型催化剂,基于褐煤富含含氧官能团特点,通过离子交换法将镍负载到胜利褐煤上制备褐煤负载镍催化剂(Ni/ SLC)。研究了溶液 pH 值和炭化温度对催化剂物理化学性质的影响,得到 Ni/ SLC 催化剂最佳制备条件,最后在两段式移动床石英反应器中将催化剂用于玉米芯挥发分的催化气化,研究了催化剂对生成气产量和碳平衡的影响。结果表明:pH 值为11,炭化温度为650℃时制备的 Ni/ SLC 比表面积最大达到266.3 m2/ g,镍微晶尺寸较小为5.0 nm。催化气化实验表明:650℃下 Ni/ SLC 催化剂具有高的焦油裂解活性,气体产量高达43.9 mmol/ g,相当于无催化实验气体总产量的3.3倍;水蒸气气化可将热解焦油完全气化,气体产量为85.1 mmol/ g,H2产量高达61.9 mmol/ g,占气体总量的72.7%,说明 Ni/ SLC 催化剂可作为生物质催化气化制氢的潜在催化剂。

  4. Analysis of Legal Risk Prevention and Control of Shengli Oilfield Material Procurement Contract%浅析胜利油田物资采购合同法律风险防控

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张樾勇

    2013-01-01

    物资采购是企业经营和发展中重要的组成部分,但随着企业内外部环境的不断变化,物资采购中存在的法律风险却掣肘企业的发展。有效识别和评估企业物资采购中的法律风险,强化物资采购全过程监督和风险防控,对确保企业稳健经营至关重要。对合同签订中风险及防控存在的问题进行有效分析,提出今后工作中的防控措施,可使企业避免物质采购过程中的损失从而提高企业的经济效益。%The procurement is an important part of enterprise management and developing .But with the constant changing of enterprise internal and external environment ,the legal risks existing in the material purchasing is hampering the development of enterprises .Effective identification and evaluation of the legal risk in enterprise material procurement ,strengthening the complete procurement process supervision and risk prevention and control ,are very important to ensure the stable operation of the enterprise .Through the analysis of risk and prevention and control in the contract signed ,puts forward the prevention and control measures in the future work ,will help avoid loss for the enterprise and bring economic benefits .

  5. 从"需要层次理论"看朱生豪莎剧翻译动因%On ZHU Sheng-hao's Motivating Powers of Translating Shakespearean Dramas from the Perspective of Need Hierarchy Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    傅楠

    2007-01-01

    美国心理学家马斯洛需要层次理论将人的需要分为五个层次:生理、安全、爱、尊重以及自我实现的需要.朱生豪翻译莎剧动力在于其在各个层次上的需要的交替作用,并最终表现为自我实现的需要.朱氏的翻译莎剧过程也就是他成为自我实现的人的过程.

  6. Analysis of the Improvisational Accompaniment of the Musical Instrument Sheng in Er-ren-tai Music%试析笙在二人台音乐中的即兴伴奏

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙相儒

    2008-01-01

    二人台音乐中笙的伴奏特点是根据乐曲的旋律即兴演奏的,它不仅是对二人台音乐旋律的陪衬,而且从情绪、意境等方面都会加强音乐的表现力,使二人台音乐更具有艺术感染力.要做好笙即兴伴奏,笙的演奏技巧、和声、复调以及良好的音乐感觉则是训练的重要内容.

  7. 超稠原油抗盐乳化降粘剂的研制及室内评价%Development and Evaluation of Salt Tolerant Viscosity Reducer JDL-1 for Shengli Super Heavy Crude Oil

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    关润伶; 朱红; 李伟

    2006-01-01

    针对胜利油田王庄稠油粘度大、开采难的问题,研制了新型超稠油抗盐乳化降粘剂JDL-1.原油的粘温实验表明,王庄原油在温度超过50℃时,粘度随温度的升高变化趋缓.用自行研制的降粘剂JDL-1和几种不同降粘剂对王庄稠油做了降粘实验,实验结果表明,降粘剂JDL-1的降粘效果最好.对于影响降粘剂JDL-1对王庄稠油降粘效果的因素做了系统实验,包括降粘剂加量、油水比、降粘温度、矿化度等.结果表明,降粘剂JDL-1的最佳降粘实验条件为:加入量小于0.3%,油水比70:30,降粘温度50℃.

  8. The Relationship between the Viscosity and Fraction Characteristcs of the Heavy Oil of Shengli Oil Field%胜利油田稠油黏度与其组分性质的关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    盖平原

    2011-01-01

    选取黏度分别属于普通稠油、特稠油、超稠油、特超稠油的GD排15-0、GD排13-10、单56-16-10、56-9-11、单113-P1、郑411系列、坨826系列等13个胜利油田稠油样品,利用液相色谱法将其分离成饱和分、芳香分、胶质、沥青质四个组分;采用VPO法分别测定各组分的平均相对分子质量;采用元素分析仪和原子吸收光谱仪测定其元素组成与金属含量.研究结果表明,沥青质含量是影响稠油黏度的主要因素,胶质含量对原油黏度也有重要影响,稠油黏度随胶质、沥青质总量增大而增加;胶质沥青质组分的高相对分子质量是其影响体系黏度的主要原因;组分杂原子含量和金属元素含量对稠油黏度均有一定影响.%The 13 samples including CD Pail 5-0, CD Pail 3-10, Shan 56-16-10, 56-9-11, Shan 113-P1, Zheng 411 and Tuo 826, which were classified into ordinary heavy oil, heavy oil, extra heavy oil and super-heavy oil, were fractioned into four components of saturates, aromatics, resins, and asphaltenes by liquid chromatogram.The relative molecular mass of fractions was measured by VPO method, and the element composition and the mental content of fractions were measured by elemental analysis and atomic absorption spectrometry.It could be concluded that the content of asphaltenes and resins played a decisive role in the viscosity of heavy oil.The viscosity of the heavy oil would be great if the content of resins and asphaltenes was high.The high relative molecular mass was the main reason for the resins and asphaltenes impacting the viscosity of the samples.The viscosity of heavy oil was also affected by the content of heteroatom or metals of fraction.

  9. Fe对胜利褐煤焦结构和气化反应性能的影响%Effect of iron on Shengli brown coal char structure and its influence on gasification reactivity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐学军; 宋文武; 刘亮

    2015-01-01

    酸洗褐煤负载不同含量的Fe催化剂在固定床反应器上进行热解,然后采用FT-IR、Raman spectra、TPD和TG研究Fe催化剂对煤焦官能团、碳微晶结构、表面活性位和气化反应性的影响。 FT-IR结果表明,催化热解作用下煤焦中-OH、-CH3、-CH2活性官能团数量增加。 Raman光谱测试结果显示,随着Fe含量的增加,IG/Ial由0.095减少到0.087,ID3/Ial由0.090增加至0.097,表明在Fe催化作用下部分大芳香环结构转变为小芳香环结构。 TPD实验结果表明,活性位数量随着煤焦中Fe含量升高而不断增加。在3%含Fe量时煤焦活性位数量随着吸附温度的升高而增加,800℃后煤焦表面活性位数量开始降低。750℃条件下CO2吸附量随着吸附时间的延长而增加,45 min后煤焦达到饱和吸附状态。煤焦-水蒸气等温气化实验表明,煤焦气化反应性与活性位数量有密切的关系,Fe催化剂主要通过增加煤焦表面活性位数量提高煤焦气化反应性。%Acid-washing brown coal samples loaded with different content of iron catalyst were pyrolyzed in a fixed bed reactor. The effect of iron on coal char functional group, carbon crystallite structure, surface active site and gasification reactivity were investigated by FT-IR, Raman spectra,TPD and TG. FT-IR results reveal that the numbers of -OH、-CH3、-CH2 active functional groups increase significantly during catalytic pyrolysis. Raman spectra results show that IG/Ial reduces from 0. 095 to 0. 087 and ID3/Ial increases from 0. 090 to 0. 097 with the increase of iron loading, respectively. It means that partial large polyaromatic ring structures transform into small polyaromatic ring structures under the catalytic action of iron. TPD experimental results indicate that the numbers of active sites increase with the increase of iron loading. With 3% Fe loading, the numbers of active sites rise with the increase of adsorption temperature until 800℃, and then start to decrease. The adsorption quantity of CO2 increases with time at 750 ℃, and reaches saturated adsorption state after 45 min. Coal char-steam isothermal gasification experiment result suggests that the gasification reactivity of coal char has a close relationship with the number of active sites, and the iron catalyst can enhance the char gasification reactivity by increase the number of surface active sites.

  10. Local Ionospheric Scintillation Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-03-14

    WORK UNIT NUMBER 7.  PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) ASIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY MOO 9 PHAHOLYOTHIN RD KM.42 KLONG NUNG PATHUM 12120...carried out as part of the densification and maintenance of the SCINDA network in South East Asia. 15.  SUBJECT TERMS Ionosphere, AOARD 16...Theoretical Physics (ICTP), International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), Boston College, University of California Los Angeles and AMBER projects

  11. Sky-High Emotions—World Champion Parachutists Jump to Marital Bliss

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    Bridegroom Wang Yongli, 33, has set three world records to win a like number of world championships. Wang has also won the highest honorary sports medals on five occasions. Bride Sheng Jun, 26, set the world parachute accuracy record and has won three world championships. Wang and Sheng, both of whom have careers spanning lO-odd years, fell in love,

  12. Bumazhnõi tshelovek : [luuletused] / Johannes Vares-Barbarus ; lühibiograafia: T. L. [Toomas Liiv

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Barbarus, Johannes, pseud., 1890-1946

    1999-01-01

    Sisu: Bumazhnõi tshelovek 1, 3, 4 : fragmentõ poemõ ; Iz tsikla "Zhilishtshe poezii" / tlk. Georgi Shengeli ; Gomer / tlk. Vera Inber ; Sokrat ; Pesnja pobedõ ; Staraja melnitsa / tlk. Georgi Shengeli. Orig.: Paberist inimene ; Luuleelamu ; Homeros ; Sokrates ; Võidulaul ; Vana tuulik

  13. Avoiding "Seam Wars" Along the USCENTCOM-USPACOM and USEUCOM-USPACOM Divides

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    1965), 155. 9 Allen Whiting and Sheng Shih-ts’ai, Sinkiang : pawn or pivot? (East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 1958). 8 Although Kazakhstan...Stanford University Press, 1998. Whiting, Allen and Sheng Shih-ts’ai. Sinkiang : pawn or pivot? East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 1958

  14. Corona: America’s First Satellite Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    1995-01-01

    nautical mi le (nm) rad ius o f A-ko-su identified as the mining of coal which may (41- 109 80-16E), Win-chiang Sheng ( Sinkiang possibly...region is the counterpart of the western or Yarkand-Fergana basin which extends from southern Hsin-chiang Sheng ( Sinkiang ) into Ihe USSR. The appearance

  15. 后现代精神困境中都市文化的现实主义回归%Urban Culture Realism Return in the Post-modern Spirit Dilemma: On Urban Femal in the Fiction by Sheng Ke-yi and the Image of Urban "Witch" at the Turn of New Century

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    傅建安

    2011-01-01

    盛可以塑造了都市中独具"冒犯"气质的女性.但她们却在虚无的底色中作着寻找依托的努力:她们在婚恋悖论中追寻婚姻,在情欲纠缠中又对情表示执著,在非常态的磨砺中体验爱情,在世俗挣扎中进行精神的飞升--从而体现出继卫慧棉棉笔下女性形象解构风之后的现实主义回归.在陈染梦呓与卫慧狂欢之后,盛可以、缪永、欧阳静茹等作家在女性形象塑造上重回传统道德的努力,标志着中国文化回归传统、寻找规范的人文走向.

  16. 胜利油区渤南洼陷沙四上亚段深部储层形成机理%Deep reservoir forming mechanism in the upper part of the fourth member ofShahejie Formation in Bonan subsag of Shengli Oil Field

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴富强; 鲜学福; 李后蜀; 刘家铎

    2003-01-01

    从地壳的断块型结构、深大断裂发育、地幔上隆、岩石圈减薄、大地热流值增高、幔源火成岩广泛发育、以及胜利油区无机幔源二氧化碳气藏的存在、高温热液蚀变矿物硅灰石、低温热液蚀变矿物片钠铝石的发现、沙四段碳酸盐胶结物氧、锶同位素特征、与东非裂谷基伍湖类似的金属离子含量、粘土矿物异常演化等方面论证了早第三纪渤南洼陷普遍存在着与亚碱性-碱性岩浆有关的沉积、成岩期后的热液活动.结果表明深部储层具备产生耗散结构的一切条件,初始强酸性含矿深部热流体是形成次生孔隙的主要因素之一.阐述了脉动性深部热流体双扩散循环对流机制.

  17. 记忆的诗学——论史铁生创作话语资源的生成策略%The Poetry of Memory——On the Tactics by Which SHI Tie-sheng Construct the Words Resoures in his Works

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘文辉

    2007-01-01

    史铁生是当代中国文学史上的一位具有独特的悲剧性生命体验的作家,自从21岁的那场磨难之后,以轮椅为伴的生活简单得甚至有些乏味,命运没有给他太多的浪漫而曲折的经历,传统意义上的创作话语资源十分匮乏.但在"写作之夜"里史铁生参悟了写作的真义,通过对生命记忆的诗学转化,在对生命记忆的重复性思考与体味中使话语资源由有限化为无穷.

  18. The Effects of Gu-Ben-Yang-Sheng Wine on the Ability of Fatigue-Resistant, Hypoxia-Resistant and Cold-Resistant of Mice.%"固本养生葡萄酒"对小鼠耐疲劳、耐缺氧和耐寒冷能力的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于文兵; 高丽丽; 高乐君

    2003-01-01

    观察"固本养生葡萄酒"对小鼠耐疲劳、耐寒冷和耐缺氧的影响,取健康雄性小白鼠90只随机分实验组、阳性对照组和空白对照组进行对照研究,结果显示,"固本养生葡萄酒"可以延长小鼠负重游泳时间,提高小鼠的抗疲劳能力,与对照组比较有显著性差异(P<0.01);同时也能延长小白鼠在低温环境下存活时间,提高小鼠的耐寒冷能力,结果与对照组比较,差异也有显著性意义(与阳性对照P<0.05,与空白对照P<0.01).结论:"固本养生葡萄酒"能消除小鼠运动性疲劳,增强小鼠体质.

  19. The Teaching of Meditation with Different Levels in Contemporary Mahayana Buddhism in Han Language——In Example of Most Ven.Sheng Yen in Dharma Drum Mountain%当代汉传禅法的"层次化"教学——以法鼓山圣严法师为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    果毅

    2010-01-01

    @@ 一、前 言 中国禅宗是佛教发展中一颗璀璨的明珠,是汉传佛教的集大成者,也是最主要的特色.千古以来,历代祖师大德自身实践禅法的修行,一旦有所体悟,莫不是积极投入禅的教学工作,苦心陶铸锻炼弟子,以期弟子也能有所证悟,光大门庭,灯灯相传,使禅法传持不绝.

  20. Application of a New Type of T-shaped Dam with Piles of Double Tube-rows for Shore Protection and Favourable Deposition in Front of Gudong Dam at Shengli Oil Field%新型双排管桩丁坝在胜利油田孤东海堤保滩促淤中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王培元

    2008-01-01

    在胜利油田孤东海堤堤前滩地的保滩促淤工程中,目前普遍使用的丁坝结构形式,要么容易被破坏,要么造价高昂、施工难度极大,为此,我们引入了新型双排管桩丁坝.双排管桩丁坝是以管桩技术为基础的一种新型丁坝结构形式,详细介绍了它的结构,以及在保滩促淤工程中的实施过程,并对其优、缺点进行了分析比较,指出了它的改进方向和应用前景.

  1. 反社会人格障碍与暴力犯罪——对郑民生校园杀凶案件心理分析%Anti-social Personality Disorder and Crime with Violence-Psychological Analysis of Zheng Min-sheng's School Murder Case

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张赛宜

    2010-01-01

    反社会人格有很强的犯罪倾向,其所引起的违法犯罪行为最多.郑民生的犯罪心理体现了反社会人格犯罪的特点.反社会人格障碍引发的犯罪应当成为犯罪预防的重点.

  2. Synthesis of large diamond crystals containing high-nitrogen concentration at high pressure and high temperature using Ni-based solvent by temperature gradient methodHuang Guo-Feng1, Jia Xiao-Peng1,2, Li Shang-Sheng2,

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Huang Guo-Feng; Jia Xiao-Peng; Li Shang-Sheng; Zhang Ya-Fei; Li Yong; Zhao Ming; Ma Hong-An

    2010-01-01

    This paper reprots that with Ni-based catalyst/solvent and with a dopant of NaN3>, large green single crystal diamonds with perfect shape are successfully synthesized by temperature gradient method under high pressure and high temperature in a China-type cubic anvil high-pressure apparatus (SPD-6×1200), and the highest nitrogen concentration reaches approximately 1214-1257 ppm calculated by infrared absorption spectra. The synthesis conditions are about 5.5 GPa and 1240-1300℃. The growth behaviour of diamond with high-nitrogen concentration is investigated in detail. The results show that, with increasing the content of NaN3> added in synthesis system, the width of synthesis temperature region for growth high-quality diamonds becomes narrower, and the morphology of diamond crystal is changed from cube-octahedral to octahedral at same temperature and pressure, the crystal growth rate is slowed down,nevertheless, the nitrogen concentration doped in synthetic diamond increases.

  3. Experience of Professor FAN Yong-sheng in treating Raynaud's syndrome by methods of warming yang,clearing stasis and dredging channels%范永升教授应用温阳祛瘀通络法治疗雷诺氏征经验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈秀芳

    2011-01-01

    In this article, the professor Fan Yongsheng's experience is described, in application of warming yang,removing blood stasis and dredging collaterals in treatment of raynaud's phenomenon.Raynaud's phenomenon is roughil equivalent to blood arthralgia in TCM.In the cause and the pathogenesis of raynaud's phenomenon, the profess Fan considers that the etiology and pathogenesis is yang deficiency and cold coagulation, the basic pathology is qi-stagnancy and bolld stasis.In treating, first, we must strengthen the body'snatural resistance, and then remove harmful factors.Warming yang, removing blood stasis and derdging collaterals is the therapeutic core.In the prescription and medication, Huangqi Guizhi Wuwu Tang has been clinically proven to achieve better effect.%文章重点介绍范永升教授运用温阳祛瘀通络法治疗雷诺现象的经验.雷诺现象大体相当于中医学的血痹.在对病因病机认识方面,范教授认为阳虚寒凝是雷诺现象的主要病机,气滞血瘀是发生该病的病理基础.在治疗方面.首重扶正而兼顾祛邪,以温阳祛瘀通络为核心治法.在遗方用药方面,以黄苠桂枝五物汤进行临证加减,临床效果颇佳.

  4. 关于物资管理提效的实践与思考--以胜利油田鲁明公司为例%About Supplies Management Effect of the Practice and Thinking---Luming Company in Shengli Oilfield as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王世春; 赵艳

    2013-01-01

    Luming company'purchasing cost in line with other production plant .However ,in the process of management , However ,in the process of management ,there are some problems :the procurement cost is high ,difficult to guarantee the quality of goods ,etc .The solution is :Improve the materials information system ,to improve material information management level ,to strengthen the whole process of quality management ,improve the quality of risk control ability ,Specification of bidding procurement business processes ,improve the quality of bidding and framework agreement procurement work ,promote the standardized procurement ,to strengthen the supply source of risk control ,completes the supplier selection and optimization .%胜利油田鲁明油气勘探开发有限公司的采购成本基本与其他采油厂持平,但是在管理过程中暴露了采购成本居高不下,物资质量难以保证等问题。为提升物资管理效益,今后物资管理提效的工作方向主要有完善物资信息系统,提升物资信息化管理程度;加强物资质量全过程管理,提高质量风险控制能力;进一步规范招标采购业务流程,提高招标和框架协议采购工作质量;推进标准化采购;强化供应风险源头控制,做好供应商筛选和优化。

  5. 如何做好病毒性营销——对微信红包病毒性营销的分析%How To Do A Good Job Of Vira1 Marketing——An Analysis Of The Viral Marketing Of Wechat Yuan Jingtao, Sheng Induced By The Same Criterion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁鲸涛; 盛致同

    2016-01-01

    近年来,微信红包热潮突袭全国,它成功地使微信支付深入市场,成为互联网病毒性营销的经典案例.通过对微信红包病毒性营销手段的分析,本文对该营销方式做简要的阐述,并且指出病毒性营销策略存在的优缺点.基于它的成功因素及其启示,提出优化改善建议.

  6. Isolation,identification and diversity analysis of petroleum-degrading bacteria in Shengli Oil Field wetland soil.%胜利油田滩涂区石油降解菌的筛选、鉴定及其多样性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩平; 郑立; 崔志松; 郭秀春; 田黎

    2009-01-01

    基于传统的实验方法,对胜利油田滩涂区土壤中石油降解菌进行了筛选和鉴定,并利用PCR-DGGE(变性梯度凝胶电泳)技术分析了胜利油田滩涂区的菌群多样性.结果表明:由研究区土壤中筛选出13株石油降解菌,其中,6株石油降解菌的石油降解率>90%,能降解大部分C12~C26的石油烷烃,系统发育学鉴定为Alcanivorax、Halomonas和Marinobacter,均属于γ-proteobacteria分支;胜利油田滩涂区未培养优势菌有Sulfurovum、Gillisia和Arcobacter;该区优势菌群中γ-proteobacteria所占比重较大,其次为α-proteobactiria、ε-proteobactiria、Actinobacteria 和Flavobacteria.

  7. 现代性语境中的情欲想象--从小说«乌鸦»到梨园戏«董生与李氏»%Passion Imagination on Context of Modernity:From Crow to Dong Sheng and Ms Li

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阮礼义

    2014-01-01

    The Liyuan Opera Don g Shen g and Ms Li ,recomposed from the fiction Crow,shared the same plot and composition,but because of the different media and genres,they expressed the multi-di-mension spectacles on its cultural field.On the horizon of modernity,the thesis compares with the ex-pressions of themes,the descriptions of heroes,and the models of narrations.As a result,the thesis expresses the differences of literary values and aesthetic tastes on the same by the two contemporary writers.%梨园戏«董生与李氏»改编自短篇小说«乌鸦»,尽管二者情节相仿、构思相似,但是由于体裁分殊、媒介有别,缘此两个文本在各自“文化场域”中呈现出各得其所、相映成趣的繁复景观。在现代性视域下,对«董生与李氏»及«乌鸦»的主题表达、人物刻画和叙事手法等方面进行了比较,以此探寻两位当代作家在同类题材创作上展示出的不同的文学价值和审美趣味。

  8. 《屈原贾生列传》嫉妒心理探析——《史记》人物嫉妒心理分析系列之一%Detailed Study of the Jealousy in The Biographies of Qu Yuan and Jia Sheng in Historical Records

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦爱萍

    2014-01-01

    屈原、贾谊因出众的才能遭遇嫉妒,两人的人生轨迹、遭嫉情节及嫉妒者的多重人格及心理感受的三个阶段,即由攀比到失望、由羞愧到屈辱、由不服不满到怨恨憎恨的过程很相似.屈原和贾谊借助文学创作疗伤,只能做暂时的心理宣泄和情感寄托物.对嫉妒者的心态、行为探讨的目的,是为了达到消除嫉妒心理的目的.

  9. 氧气对胜利褐煤水蒸气气化半焦结构及反应性的影响%Effects of oxygen on the structure and reactivity of char during steam gasification of Shengli brown coal

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙加亮; 陈绪军; 王芳; 林雄超; 王永刚

    2015-01-01

    为了研究氧气对半焦的结构变化和反应性的影响,采用不锈钢模拟气流床反应器,在8种不同气氛,800和900℃条件下,进行了胜利褐煤水蒸气气化实验.利用拉曼光谱和热重分析仪分别表征了半焦的结构和本征反应性.结果表明,在800和900℃条件下,添加的氧气对半焦结构变化的影响方式不同;半焦结构的变化是影响碱金属和碱土金属(AAEM)挥发的主要因素.在不同温度下,添加的氧气对Na挥发的影响和对结构的作用类似,H2O/O2混合气氛促使气化所得半焦的反应性进一步降低.半焦的反应活性指数与拉曼光谱谱带比值I(GR+VL+VR)/ID具有很好的相关性.

  10. 对合肥市新站区户外广告展示街空间导识系统的双向思考——以胜利路、站前路为例%Two-way Thinking on Space Guiding System of Outdoor Media Advertising for New Station District in Hefei -Taking Shengli Road and Zhanqian Road as Examples

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢震林; 谢珂

    2011-01-01

    合肥新站区的快速发展、人口的频繁流动使得城市空间导识系统的作用日渐突显,它不仅为大众服务,也成为传播地方文化、塑造新站区品牌的重要载体.文章从空间引导、空间识别两个方面,对合肥胜利路、站前路的户外广告设置与规划进行了陈述,指出城市空间导识系统的设计应更多地融人人文理念,使人、导识系统、空间环境三者之间相协调,以方便大众对环境进行识别,并有效提升城市形象.

  11. Yield stress, volume change, and shear strength behaviour of unsaturated soils: validation of the SFG model

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Zhou, Annan; Sheng, Daichao

    2009-01-01

    The model recently presented by Sheng, Fredlund, and Gens, known as the SFG model, provides a consistent explanation of yield stress, shear strength, and volume change behaviour of unsaturated soils...

  12. Multifunctional Materials and Structures Gordon Research Conference

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-03-08

    Presenter Registered Reitz, Thomas L Air Force Research Laboratory Poster Presenter Registered Rivera , Jesus University of California, Riverside Poster...Registered Windsor, Shane P University of Bristol Poster Presenter Registered Xu, Sheng University of California, San Diego Attendee Registered

  13. 78 FR 32303 - Actions Taken Pursuant to Executive Order 13382

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-29

    ... efforts to manufacture, acquire, possess, develop, transport, transfer or use such items, by any person or...; Passport 211606395 (Taiwan) (individual) . 2. TRANS MULTI MECHANICS CO. LTD. (a.k.a. FENG SHENG CO.,...

  14. A plasma-arc pyrolysis system for hazardous waste treatment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ A laboratory system for the treatment of medical and hazardous wastes via AC plasma-arc pyrolysis was recently built up by a research team led by Prof. SHENG Hongzhi at the CAS Institute of Mechanics (IMECH) in Beijing.

  15. Successful International Symposium on Oil & Gas Exploration in Lacustrine Basin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Barry Katz

    1996-01-01

    @@ A Joint American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)-Shengli Petroleum Administrative Bureau research symposium entitled "Lacustrine Basin Exploration in China and Southeast Asia" was held in Dongying City,People's Republic of China, October 16-20, 1995.

  16. Sinopec Encouraged for Oil and Gas Exploration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Qiuju

    2003-01-01

    @@ Shengli hopeful to find oilfield with 100-millionton reserves A total of 27 wells have been so far drilled in Zhuanghai area of Sinopec Shengli Oil Field with the proven oil in place accumulated to 45.46 million tons. It is hopeful to prove another 50 million tons of oil in place in this region next year so that another oil field with the reserves of 100 million tons is taking shape.

  17. Sinopec Sees Favorable Situation for Exploration and Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ Development integration management at Shengli Shengli Oil Field, the largest oil field under Sinopec Corp located in East China has adopted the integration management for oil field development to maximize the economic benefits. The oil field development integration is based on the systematic management to bring all the specialized development chains under a unified plan,covering the decision-making process, design, operation and verification of the oil field development.

  18. Letters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    My name is Tom R. Chambers. I have been teaching English in Sheng Da College (near Zhengzhou) for two years,and faithfully reading your publication for over a year. I am also a documentary photographer, and I wonder if you'd be interested in publishing my experiences in China. I've created a Sheng Da College/China Travels website, which I feel is aninteresting approach to a travelogue,

  19. 不要玷污历史唯物主义和唯物辩证法,维护语言文字科学的尊严--评《汉字哲学初探》%Don't Stain Historical Materialism and Materialist Dialectics, Defend the Dignity of Sciences of Language and Writing --A Critique to Li Min-sheng's Book A Preliminary Exploration to the Philosophy of Chinese Characters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    伍铁平

    2002-01-01

    李敏生的一书混淆了语言和文字并由此产生了一系列常识性错误,该书还存在信口开河、克隆自己的"著"作等不良学风.为维护语言文字科学的尊严,对该书的错误及其作者的不良学风必须予以严厉批评.

  20. 规范化展示标准化推广市场化运作--国家建材展贸中心主任生美心介绍第三届中国(北京)国际绿色建材展览会%Demo in specification,promotion in standardization and operation in market--Introduction by Director Sheng Meixin of State Building Material Expo and Trade Center about the Third China (Beijing) International Green Building Material Expo

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ "第三届中国(北京)国际绿色建材展览会"将于今年11月24至27日在北京中国国际展览中心举行,展出面积2万平方米,预计展位总数近1000个,将成为今秋北京最大规模的建材展会.

  1. 加速成果转化,创新奶业生产——专访现代农业产业技术体系(奶牛)首席科学家李胜利教授%Speeding up the Transformation of Achievements,Innovating the Production of Milk Industry——Interview with Pro.Li Sheng-li,Chief Scientist of Industry Technology System of Modern Agriculture(Dairy Cattle)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴贵权

    2008-01-01

    @@ "奶牛、生猪、家禽……",这些对今天的寻常百姓来说耳熟能详的名词,在2007年受到了空前关注.它们本就与民生息息相关,而2007年的中国市场将它们推向了另一个高度.

  2. On Patronage and Enterprises Operated by Merchants and Supervised by the Government in Late Qing Dynasty——Focusing on the taking over of the Han Yang Iron Factory by Sheng Xuanhuai in 1896%论"包、保、报"与清末官督商办企业——以光绪二十二年盛宣怀接办汉阳铁厂事件为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李培德

    2009-01-01

    本文尝试提出patronage之概念,结合包、保、报体现的中国传统文化中的社会关系,以了解清末官督商办制度之意义.光绪二十二年盛宣怀接办汉阳铁厂,是清末官督商办企业进入另一阶段的开始.本文试剖析盛宣怀接办汉阳铁厂的原因及背后的交换条件,揭示盛成功从北洋转移到南洋,更换支持他的权护者((patron)的转换轨迹.并以此事件来分析清末中国还没有公司法的特定环境下,官督商办企业如何运作,企业对公权的依存性及二者的博弈,以及包、保、报的概念如何能够反映清末官官或官商之间之利益交换.

  3. 中华双短姬蜂(膜翅目:姬蜂科)雄蜂记述%Notes on Bicurta sinicus(Hymenoptera:Ichneumonidae)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尚健; 陈天林; 盛茂领

    2016-01-01

    报道在辽宁海城发现的双短姬蜂属Bicurta Sheng, Broad&Sun,2012、中华双短姬蜂Bicurta sinicus Sheng, Broad&Sun,2012,简介属的主要鉴别特征;首次对雄蜂的形态特征进行描述,提供彩色整体图和部分特征图。%The male of Bicurta sinicus Sheng, Broad & Sun, 2012, was collected in Haicheng, Liaoning Province, and the main differential features of genus were introduced; morphological characteristics of drones were described and illustrated for the first time, its colored overall map and part of the feature map were made.

  4. Acoustic Analyses of the Singing Vibrato in Traditional Peking Opera.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Qichao; Zhang, Ruifeng

    2017-01-16

    China's traditional Peking Opera has four standard categories of roles: Sheng, Dan, Jing, and Chou, the singing vibrato of each displaying a different auditory effect. The audio and respiratory signals were recorded for two performers of the Qing Yi role, one of the Jing role, one of the Chou role, one of the Lao Sheng role, one of the Xiao Sheng role, and one of the Lao Dan role. The recordings gained eventually consisted of 24 representative songs from six roles. The rates and extents of vibrato, fundamental frequency, and rib cage signals were analyzed. Two findings were obtained: (1) the classical opera singing vibratos of China and Western countries are acoustically different from each other; and (2) in Peking Opera, the singing vibratos of different roles show significant acoustic differences.

  5. CNPC Beefs up Cooperative Development for Onshore Oil and Gas Fields

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Cui Yaonan; Wang Kefu

    1996-01-01

    @@ China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC) has made remarkable progress in cooperation with foreign firms for joint develoment of China's onshore oil and gas fields. A total of more than 30blocks from China's nine oil areas such as Daqing, Shengli,Liaohe, Xinjiang, Dagang, Zhongyuan, Tairm, Sichuan and Qinghai are now put up for cooperative development with foreign firms in various forms. By the end of August 1996, CNPC has signed eight development contracts with foreign firms, of which four contracts are for development of proven non-producing reserves (namely: Contract for Block Min-114 and Contract for Block Qian-130 in Jilin,Contract for Block Zhao-13 in Daqing, and Contract for West Chengdao Development in Shengli); one contract is for EOR ( contract for heavy crude in Xinjiang ) and three contracts are for well workover service and productionsharing ( in Shengli, Liaohe and Dagang ).

  6. 金生隆爆肚(英文)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    司英奇

    2001-01-01

    Bao Du is traditional Beijing local food made of ox and sheep stomach. Jin Sheng Long is a special private restaurant, famous for Bao Du, with a 100-year history. The seasoning is the key to Bao Du, which flavors the meat and gives the dish its distinctive taste. This restaurant offers 13 types of Bao Du, so there should be something to suit everyone. The restaurant can be found on Dons Zhi Men Nei Street. After tryng Jin Sheng Long's Bao Du, Mr Li Delun, one of their old customers and famous conductor ...

  7. Nonlinear Photonic Systems for V- and W-Band Antenna Remoting Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-22

    AFRL-AFOSR-JP-TR-2016-0088 Nonlinear Photonic Systems for V- and W-Band Antenna Remoting Applications Sheng-Kwang Hwang NATIONAL CHENG KUNG... Antenna Remoting Applications 5a.  CONTRACT NUMBER 5b.  GRANT NUMBER FA2386-15-1-4026 5c.  PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 61102F 6. AUTHOR(S) Sheng-Kwang Hwang...TERMS nonlinear, photonic, antenna , remote, microwave, amplification, bandwith, modulation 16. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: 17. LIMITATION OF ABSTRACT SAR

  8. GENIE TRECVID2011 Multimedia Event Detection: Late Fusion Approaches to Combine Multiple Audio Visual features

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-01

    27, May 2011. [2] Sheng Gao, De- Hong Wang , and Chin-Hui Lee. Automatic image annotation through multi-topic text categorization. In ICASSP, 2006. [3...International Journal of Computer Vision, 42(3):145175, 2001. [9] De- Hong Wang , Sheng Gao, Qi Tian, and Wing-Kin Sung. Discriminative fusion approach for automatic image annotation. In MMSP, 2005. ...Government. References [1] Chih -Chung Chang and Chih -Jen Lin. Libsvm: A library for support vector machines. ACM Trans. Intell. Syst. Technol., 2:27:127

  9. International Conference on the Physics of Electronic and Atomic Collisions. Participants List (16th), Held in New York, New York on 26 July-1 August 1989

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-08-01

    GUBERMAN INST FOR SCI RSCH YU GUIJU DONG-SHENG GUO 33 BEDFORD STREET CHINESE ACAD. OF SCI DEPT OF PHYSICS SUITE J9A INSITUTE OF PHYSICS UNIV. OF ORSON ...AICHI, 444 WINDSOR, ONTARIO, N9B 3P4 USA JAPAN CANADA HERBERT F. KRAUSE SCOTT KRAVIS OAK RIDGE NAT’L LAB TEXAS AIM UNIVERSITY JOHN KRENOS PHYSICS

  10. High Rate Performing Li-ion Battery

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-02-09

    permeable to lithium ions and efficient in transferring the electrons into/from the LVP surface to the corresponding current collector. a) b) c) d) e...PO4)3/C for High Rate Lithium-ion Battery Applications”, Lee Hwang Sheng, Nail Suleimanov, Vishwanathan Ramar, Mangayarkarasi Murugan, Kuppan

  11. Application of Neuro-Net Technology to Reservoir Prediction in Chendao Oil Field

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jiang Suhua

    1996-01-01

    @@ Recently, the Research Institute of Geological Sciences of the Shengli oil region and the University of Petroleum have been cooperated in developing a set of intelligent expert system to predicte reservoir and to estimate sand body thickness using multiple seismic information.

  12. Engineered Multifunctional Nanophotonic Materials for Ultrafast Optical Switching

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-02

    12 2008): 125022. doi: 10/22/2012 119.00 Eric W. Van Stryland, Sheng Yao, Kevin Belfield, Shijun Zheng, Stephen Barlow,, Seth Marder, Mihaela...the plank constant, and γa and γb are constant coefficients [18]. The second term in Eq. 1 is a Drude term typically given as ( ) ( )( ) [ ] 2 2 2 2 0

  13. QTL Information Table: 417 [Q-TARO

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Others Others allelopathy RFLP C)Interval RIL Zhong 156 Gumei 2 RZ395 RZ264 pha Xu,... Z., He, Y., Cui, S., Zhao, M., Zhang, X., and Li, D. (2003). Genes mapping on rice allelopathy against barnyardgrass. Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 14, 2258-2260. ...

  14. Glomerular disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    2005236 Pathological characteristics and outcome of IgA nephropathy presented with isolated hematuria. YANG Nian-sheng(杨念生),et al. Dept of Nephrol, 1st Affili Hosp, Sun Yat-sen Univ, Guangzhou 510080. Chin J Nephrol, 2005;21(1) :22-25. Objective: To study the pathological characteris-

  15. Deng Lu邓露

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    RACHEL QIU

    2008-01-01

    @@ Chestnut Vendor,Jin Li Sheng How long have you been selling chestnuts for,and what are your working hours like? I have been working here for almost three years and work sixdays a week.Our store opens at 8:30am and closes at 9:30pm.

  16. 2016 Multifunctional Materials and Structures: Science of Autonomic, Adaptive and Self-Sustaining Systems GRC

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-02-23

    Registered Reitz, Thomas L Air Force Research Laboratory Poster Presenter Registered Rivera , Jesus University of California, Riverside Poster Presenter...Windsor, Shane P University of Bristol Poster Presenter Registered Xu, Sheng University of California, San Diego Attendee Registered Yanagisawa, Yu The

  17. Survivability in Layered Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-01

    Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, 1985. [25] Guo- Ray Cai and Yu-Geng Sun. The minimum augmentation of any graph to a k-edge-connected graph. Networks, 19(1):151...December 1989. [54] J. Hastad. Clique is hard to approximate within n(-). Acta Math., 182:105- 142, 1999. 198 [55] Tsan-Sheng Hsu, Torsten Suel, Roberto

  18. QTL Information Table: 1034 [Q-TARO

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available qCDS-7 Physiological trait Source activity chlorophyll degradation speed RFLP C)Int...ng, Y.J. (2007). Mapping of QTLs controlling leaf chlorphyll content and chlorphyll degradation speed of detached leaves in rice. Fen Zi Xi Bao Sheng Wu Xue Bao 40, 346-350. ...

  19. The vegetable cultivation system in two villages in Sichuan Province, China

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lin Chaowen,; Everaarts, A.P.

    2008-01-01

    A qualitative description was made of the agronomic characteristics of the vegetable cultivation system in two villages, Shengli and Xibei, in the peri-urban area of Pengzhou County, Sichuan Province, China. A great number of different vegetable species are cultivated, of which garlic and lettuce

  20. FABRICATION, MORPHOLOGICAL AND OPTOELECTRONIC ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2014-12-31

    Dec 31, 2014 ... These characteristics make it a suitable material for use in photodetectors[2]. .... photocurrent is increases due to generation of electron– hole pairs. .... [3] Sheng W.G., Hai L., Feng X., Jun C.D., Fang R.F., Rong Z. and Dou ...

  1. Windfall Tax on Oil

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    China has adopted a special income tax on oil companies, to restrict excessive monopoly profits and subsidize weak sectors O n April 4, the China Petroleum & Chemical Corp., known as Sinopec, together with its holding subsidiaries Sinopec Shengli Oilfield Daming Co. Ltd. and

  2. Taiwan EXperiment On NeutrinO -- History, Status and Prospects

    CERN Document Server

    Wong, Henry Tsz-King

    2016-01-01

    We present an overview of the foundation, evolution, contributions and future prospects of the TEXONO Collaboration and its research programs on neutrino physics and dark matter searches at the Kuo-Sheng Reactor Neutrino Laboratory in Taiwan and, as a founding partner of the CDEX program, at the China Jinping Underground Laboratory in China.

  3. Research Program of the TEXONO Collaboration Status and Highlights

    CERN Document Server

    Wong, H T K; Wong, Henry Tsz-King; Li, Jin

    2002-01-01

    This article reviews the research program and efforts for the TEXONO Collaboration among scientists from Taiwan and China. These include reactor-based neutrino physics at the Kuo-Sheng Power Plant in Taiwan as well as various R&D efforts related to the various experimental techniques in neutrino and astro-particle physics.

  4. Identification of Novel Drug Targets and Lead Compounds for Advanced Prostate Cancer through Genomic and Cheminformatic Analyses

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-08-01

    Med Res Rev 2013;33:1081–118. [18] Guo W, Burris TP, Zhang YH, Huang BL, Mason J, Copeland KC, et al. Genomic sequence of the DAX1 gene: an orphan...191] Maran RR, Thomas A, Roth M, Sheng Z, Esterly N, Pinson D, et al. Farnesoid X receptor deficiency in mice leads to increased intestinal epithelial

  5. 75 FR 32225 - Investigations Regarding Certifications of Eligibility To Apply for Worker Adjustment Assistance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-07

    ... Technology Freemont, CA 05/11/10 05/10/10 (Company). ] 74074 Cut Right Wood Products McKenzie, TN 05/11/10 05...). 74076 Feng Sheng Garments, Inc. San Francisco, CA......... 05/12/10 05/05/10 (Workers). 74077 Robb...

  6. MARKET WATCH

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HU YUE

    2010-01-01

    @@ November Figures CPI The consumer price index (CPI), a barometer of inflation, grew 5.1 percent in November, a 28-month high and 0.7 percentage points higher than in October, said the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS). The CPI increase was largely driven by food and residential factors, said NBS spokesman Sheng Laiyun.

  7. Field Verification Program, Coastal Flooding and Storm Protection Program. Preliminary User’s Manual 3-D Mathematical Model of Coastal, Estuarine, and Lake Currents (CELC3D).

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-04-01

    on any other virtual machine, e.g., the CDC cyber 203, or .other non-virtual machine with sufficient memory. The CELC3D program solves the mean...Princeton, NJ, 287 pp; also WES Technical Report (in Press), U.S. Army Eng. Waterways Experiment Station, - Vicksburg, MS. " Sheng, Y.P., H. Segur , and W.S

  8. Thermal conductivity and stability of nano size carbon black filled PDMS: Fuel cell perspective

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Chen, H

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available ., Wen, W. and Sheng, P. (2007) ?Characterizing and Patterning of PDMS-Based Conducting Composites*?, Advanced Materials, Vol.19, pp. 2682-2686. 2 Chuang, H.S., Wereley, S., Cora, ?.N., Usta, Y., Ko?, M., Rana, S., Ortiz, P.M., Harris, A...

  9. Produced Water Reinjection--the Way Out

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xia Huilan

    1997-01-01

    @@ It is the best way to make comprehensive utilization of produced water, save water and protect environment by treating oily produced water so as to make it meet the quality criteria for the water reinjected into the reservoir. So far, more than 46 produced water treatment stations and 148 reinjection stations have been built at Shengli oilfields.

  10. NEUROLOGICAL DISORDER

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    2004534 Inhibitory effects of siRNA targeting epidermal growth factor receptor on proliferation and invasion of human glioblastoma cells. KANG Chun-sheng (康春生), et al. Dept Neurosurg, Tianjin Med Univ General Hosp, Tianjin 300052. Natl Med J China 2004;84(18):1503-1508.

  11. Getting an MBA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1999-01-01

    IN Beijing.studying for an MBA isjust a fad.That’s the opinion of WangYing,the chief representative of theBeijing Ofice of School of Management,SUNY at Buffalo.In 1998,she and hercolleague Sheng Yan finished the

  12. Influence of pore roughness on high-frequency permeability

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cortis, A.; Smeulders, D.M.J.; Guermond, J.L.; Lafarge, D.

    2003-01-01

    The high-frequency behavior of the fluid velocity patterns for smooth and corrugated pore channels is studied. The classical approach of Johnson et al. [J. Fluid Mech. 176, 379 (1987)] for smooth geometries is obtained in different manners, thus clarifying differences with Sheng and Zhou [Phys. Rev.

  13. Multilayer Aluminum Oxynitride Capacitors for Higher Energy Density, Wide Temperature Applications (Preprint)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-02-01

    IEEE Trans. Electr. Dev., 50, 1214-1219 (2003). 17 W.S. Lau, M.T.C. Perera, P. Babu, A.K. Ow, T. Han, N.P. Sandler, C.H. Tung, T.T. Sheng, P.K. Chu, Japanese Journal of Applied Physics , Part 2, 37, L435 (1998).

  14. SDDC Drilling Technique Reaches World's Advanced Level

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    BaiHua

    2003-01-01

    Shengli Oilfield is the second biggest oilfield inChina. It has a specialized drilling service team calledSDDC. Integrated with drilling engineering research& technical services, engineering design, directionaldrilling tool development, maintenance andcalibration, as well as technical training, SDDC is

  15. Clinical Manifestations of Multiple Sclerosis in Taiwanese Children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J Gordon Millichap

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Twenty-one patients with multiple sclerosis (MS and onset before 18 years were treated over the past 22 years and their records retrospectively analyzed at the National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, and Min-Sheng General Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan.

  16. Congratulation on World Journal of Gastroenterology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ Dear Professor Lian-Sheng Ma, Professor Michael Hobsley and I have greatly enjoyed reading the account of all you have done towards the development of "The World Journal of Gastroenterology", as described in the article by Zhen-Xi Li in the November 21st. Issue of the Journal.

  17. A Business Sits on Relationship:A Reflective Analysis of Previous Working Experience

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Lin

    2015-01-01

    This article is a case of study of the marketing strategy of Hua Sheng Da Zipper Manufacturing Company. This company is an example of small private enterprise trying to survive through the fierce competition all over China. By analyzing its market, this paper tries to demonstrate the mechanism of relationship in Chinese business context.

  18. Teaching Speaking Skills in English Language Using Classroom Activities in Secondary School Level in Eldoret Municipality, Kenya

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gudu, Benter Oseno

    2015-01-01

    There is a general public concern in Kenya that majority of Form Four school leavers lack communicative and linguistic competence and thus cannot sustain conversation in English language without occasionally code switching to "Sheng" or Kiswahili. This study sought to find out the classroom activities used by teachers to promote…

  19. 3D Data Acquisition Platform for Human Activity Understanding

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-03-02

    SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: In this project, we incorporated motion capture devices, 3D vision sensors, and EMG sensors to cross validate...Out­standing Self-??Financed Stu­dents Abroad. Student Sheng Li received the 2015 NEU Outstanding Graduate Student Award (Topmost student award in NEU

  20. 75 FR 28551 - Certain Oil Country Tubular Goods From the People's Republic of China: Amended Final...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-21

    ... Co., Ltd. Anshan Zhongyou Tipo Pipe & Anshan Zhongyou Tipo 32.07 Tubing Co., Ltd. Pipe & Tubing Co... Steel Group Qiqihaer Haoying Steel and Iron Co., Ltd.; Beijing Youlu Co., Ltd. Shanghai Zhongyou Tipo Steel Shanghai Zhongyou Tipo 32.07 Pipe Co., Ltd. Steel Pipe Co., Ltd. Shengli Oil Field Freet...

  1. Implications of the Khrgian-Mazin Distribution Function for Water Clouds and Distribution Consistencies With Aerosols and Rain

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-12-06

    URSS , IX. Ballistic Research Laboratory (1982) Millimeter-wave Propagation at 35, 95, 140 and 217 GHz Frequencies Through Snowfall, SNVOW-ONE-A Data...Soc. Amer. 50:876-882. Ge, Run-Sheng (1983) Radar meteorology of 20 years in China . Meteor. Science and Technique. No. 2, 7-14. Geiler, E.I. and

  2. Green tea in dermatology--myths and facts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zink, Alexander; Traidl-Hoffmann, Claudia

    2015-08-01

    Green tea consumption has a long tradition in Asian countries--especially China. The epidemiologically and experimentally observed anticarcinogenic and antiinflammatory effects of green tea have led to the implementation of green tea extracts in multiple therapeutic applications - both in dermatological and cosmeceutical preparations. The most abundant evidence exists for the anticarcinogenic and chemopreventive effect of green tea or its major constituent epigallocatechin-3-gallate. Almost equally evident is the effect in infectious diseases such as cutaneous viral infections. For external genital warts, a topical ointment with green tea extracts was licensed in the USA in 2010, and recently also in Europe. Experimental evidence pinpointing the block of central signal transduction factors in inflammatory mechanisms has led to the evaluation of catechins in inflammatory disorders such as atopic dermatitis. The belief of green tea as a "wonder weapon" against diseases dates back thousands of years. According to a Chinese legend, ancient Emperor Shen Nung noted a delightful aroma after some leaves of a nearby tree had fallen into boiling water. He immediately proclaimed the new "drink" as "heaven-sent", starting the belief - persisting until today - of green tea as a medication from nature against many different diseases. This review summarizes biological effects and clinical implications of green tea.

  3. Endocannabinoid immune and vascular signaling

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    George B STEFANO

    2000-01-01

    @@HISTORY Hemp has been cultivated for 7000 to 8000 years〔1〕. The Sumerian/Babylonian term for cannabis hemp is K (a)N(a)B(a), and it is one of the longest surviving root words in Indo-Semitic-European language. In 2700 BC, Shen Nung, a contributor to early Chinese medicine, mentions cannabis in the pharmacopoeia. Around 500 BC Zoroaster, a Persian prophet, in the Zend-Avesta, listing 10 000 medicinal plants, includes hemp. In the first century AD the Chinese begin making paper from hemp as an inexpensive means of preserving information. In 800 AD the Islamic prophet Mohammed allows cannabis use. In 1100, Moslems use cannabis to start Europe's first paper mill. In 1430 Saint Joan D'Arc is accused of using herbal drags, ie, cannabis, to hear voices. Pope Innocent VIII (1484) labels cannabis as an unholy sacrament of the Satanic mass and issues a ban on cannabis. Queen Elizabeth I (1563) and King Phillip of Spain (1564) order land owners to grow cannabis. In America, the Jamestown Colony, Virginia (1619), enacts the New World's first marijuana legislation, ordering all farmers to grow Indian hemp seed.

  4. Virtual reality simulation for the optimization of endovascular procedures: current perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rudarakanchana N

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Nung Rudarakanchana,1 Isabelle Van Herzeele,2 Liesbeth Desender,2 Nicholas JW Cheshire1 1Department of Surgery, Imperial College London, London, UK; 2Department of Thoracic and Vascular Surgery, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, BelgiumOn behalf of EVEREST (European Virtual reality Endovascular RESearch TeamAbstract: Endovascular technologies are rapidly evolving, often requiring coordination and cooperation between clinicians and technicians from diverse specialties. These multidisciplinary interactions lead to challenges that are reflected in the high rate of errors occurring during endovascular procedures. Endovascular virtual reality (VR simulation has evolved from simple benchtop devices to full physic simulators with advanced haptics and dynamic imaging and physiological controls. The latest developments in this field include the use of fully immersive simulated hybrid angiosuites to train whole endovascular teams in crisis resource management and novel technologies that enable practitioners to build VR simulations based on patient-specific anatomy. As our understanding of the skills, both technical and nontechnical, required for optimal endovascular performance improves, the requisite tools for objective assessment of these skills are being developed and will further enable the use of VR simulation in the training and assessment of endovascular interventionalists and their entire teams. Simulation training that allows deliberate practice without danger to patients may be key to bridging the gap between new endovascular technology and improved patient outcomes.Keywords: virtual reality, simulation, endovascular, aneurysm

  5. Over My Dead Body! Media Constructions of Forced Prostitution in the People's Republic of China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elaine Jeffreys

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines some of the tensions surrounding the PRC’s official policy of banning prostitution by focusing on two highly publicized cases of deceptive recruiting for sexual services—the ‘Tang Shengli Incident’ and the ‘Liu Yanhua Incident’. Both cases involve young rural women who had migrated from their native homes to other more economically developed parts of China to look for work. Both were forced to sell sex and both resisted. However, whereas Tang Shengli jumped from a building rather than be forced into prostitution, Liu Yanhua escaped from conditions akin to sexual servitude by stabbing her ‘employer’. An examination of these cases highlights some of the problems associated with efforts by the Chinese women’s media to promote and protect women’s rights in a country marked by rapid, yet unequal, economic growth and an expanding, albeit banned, sex industry.

  6. Volatilization behaviors of diesel oil from the soils

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Yu-ying; ZHENG Xi-lai; LI Bing; MA Yu-xin; CAO Jing-hua

    2004-01-01

    The volatilization of diesel oil, Shengli crude oil and 90# gasoline on glass surface of petri dishes were conducted at the ambient temperature of 25℃. Diesel oil evaporates in a power manner, where the loss of mass is approximately power with time. 90# gasoline evaporates in a logarithmic with time. Where as the volatilization of Shengli crude oil fit either the logarithmic or power equation after different time, and has similar R2. And the effects of soil type and diesel oil and water content on volatilization behavior in unsaturated soil were studied in this paper. Diesel oil and water content in the soils play a large role in volatilization from soils. Appropriate water helps the wicking action but too much water stops it. The wicking action behaves differently in four different types of soils in the same volatilization experiment of 18% diesel oil content and air-dry condition.

  7. Hydrodynamics of pair-annihilating disclination lines in nematic liquid crystals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Svensek, D; Zumer, S

    2002-08-01

    The pair annihilation of straight line defects with strength +/-1/2 in bulk nematic systems is studied numerically, considering a full coupling of orientational degrees of freedom and hydrodynamics. This work is based on the generalization of the Ericksen-Leslie theory to the tensor order parameter as proposed by Qian and Sheng [T. Qian and P. Sheng, Phys. Rev. E 58, 7475 (1998)]. The approach is particularly suited for the late stages of the annihilation process. It is confirmed that the +1/2 disclination line moves considerably faster than the -1/2 one (e.g., twice as fast) due to the hydrodynamic flow. Symmetries of the important stress tensor terms upon inverting the sign of the winding number and performing a homogeneous in-plane rotation of the Q-tensor eigensystem are discussed. The stress tensor terms that dominantly contribute to the advective flow and to the flow asymmetry are identified.

  8. GEOTHERMICS GEOLOGY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    <正>20090374 Li Shengli (School of Energy Resources, China University of Geosciences(Beijing), Beijing 100083, China); Zhao Shu Adopting the Distribution and Evolution Laws of Depositional Microfacies in Analyzing the Directions of Oilfield Development in the Zhenjing Oilfield, Ordos Basin (Earth Science Frontiers, ISSN1005-2321, CN11-3370/P, 15(1), 2008, 15(1), p.85-93,6 illus., 4 tables, 7 refs.)

  9. Study on Process for Manufacturing Heavy Traffic Asphalt from Gudong Crude

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Zijun; Long Jun; She Yucheng

    2004-01-01

    The Gudong crude from Gudao oil-bearing region in the Shengli oilfield was used as the target for studying the process of manufacturing heavy traffic road asphalt. The heavy traffic road asphalt products can be made from Gudong crude through blending residuum from mild thermal conversion of vacuum resid with extract, blending the deoiled asphalt from VR propane deasphalting with vacuum resid and the extract, and blending of oxidizedhard asphalt originated from VR with the extract.

  10. LIVER AND BILIARY SYSTEM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    2006243 Sequential hemodynamic changes in pre-cancerous lesions of hepatocellular carcinoma:experimental study with MR perfusion. GUAN Sheng (管生),et al. Dept Radiol ,Zhongshan Hosp ,Fudan Univ , Shanghai 200032. Chin J Radiol 2006;40(40(3):231-234. Objective: To determine the hemodynamic changes in precancerous lesions of HCC using MR perfusion(MRP). Methods: During the period of carcinogenesis (12-20

  11. 708所的新型喷水推进组合体

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王立祥; 王泽群

    2000-01-01

    As a new typed thruster, water-jet thruster was successfully applied onboard of Shengli 221-a multi-tug ship for shallow sea in China at the end of 1980's and later it alsoo btained satisfaction on many other typed vessels. The successful installation onboard of the dredgers have showed that water-jet thruster may replace controllable pitch propeller. This paper details the structure, performances, features of the water-jet thruster, as well as the real applications onboard.

  12. Flexoelectricity in PZT Nanoribbons and Biomembranes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-09

    equations were used to solve for the stress, displacement and polarization fields in several one and two-dimensional electromechanical problems...Princeton on several projects. We studied the electromechanical response of neuronal cells, energy harvesting using pyro-para-electricity and a new way of...08/20/2014 Received Paper 6.00 2.00 3.00 5.00 Prashant Purohit, Sheng Mao. Defects in flexoelectric solids, Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of

  13. Obtaining Near-surface Parameters for Seismic Statics by Using Differential Electric Sounding and Land Sonar

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZhongShihang

    2003-01-01

    The differential electric sounding and land sonar method was a new technique used in recent years. Good results from shallow engineering surveys have been obtained. Tests on obtaining thicknesses and velocities of near-surface Myers were conducted by combining the two approaches. With hammersources, satisfactory results were obtained at depth of about 60min surveying the Quaternary layers in the Shengli oilfield and at depth of about 120 m in the mountainous areas of southern Guizhou.

  14. Traditional Chinese Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    2009013 Clinical observation on treatment of active rheumatoid arthritis with Chinese herbal medicine. SHENG Zhenghe(盛正和), et al.Dept TCM, 5th Affili Hosp, Guangxi Med Univ, Guangxi 545001. Chin J Integr Tradit West Med 2008;28(11):990-993. Objective To study the efficacy and safety of Chinese drugs for expelling evil-wind, removing dampness, promoting blood circulation and invigorating yin in treating active rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

  15. Exploring the Node Management in Implementation Process to Strengthen the Basic Work of Infrastructure Investment%探索实施过程节点化管理强化基建投资基础工作

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任永青

    2011-01-01

    Taking Shengli Oilfield for example, this paper demonstrated specific measures to explore the node management in the implementation process and strengthen the basic work of infrastructure investment and effects.%本文以胜利油田为例,论证了探索实施过程节点化管理,强化基建投资基础工作的具体实施办法,以及效果.

  16. A‘Fruitful’Exchange

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Cross-strait agricultural trade should have a promising future, but obstacles remain "Suppose every mainlander eats a mango. That would amount to 1.3 billion man-goes, far exceeding the total output of mangoes in a year in Taiwan," Lien Sheng-wen, a member of the Kuomintang (KMT) Central Standing Committee and son of Lien Chan, former chairman of the KMT, said during a Taiwan fruit promotion event in Shanghai in

  17. Woman Precision Parachuting World Champion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1995-01-01

    1. Twenty-four-year-old Sheng Jun won three gold medals at the 22nd World Parachuting Championships. one for women’s group total score title. one for women’s group precision landing title and the other for women’s individual precision landing title. She also created the women’s individual precision landing record of the World Championships by scoring 0.00 ten times.

  18. Neutrino and dark matter physics with sub-keV germanium detectors

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Arun Kumar Soma; Lakhwinder Singh; Manoj Kumar Singh; Venktesh Singh; Henry T Wong; on behalf of the TEXONO Collaboration

    2014-11-01

    Germanium detectors with sub-keV sensitivities open a window to study neutrino physics to search for light weakly interacting massive particle (WIMP) dark matter. We summarize the recent results on spin-independent couplings of light WIMPs from the TEXONO experiment at the Kuo-Sheng Reactor Neutrino Laboratory. Highlights of the physics motivation, our R&D programme, as well as the status and plans are presented.

  19. Developing a Taste for Foreign Foods

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The Chinese imported food market sees a growth trend as consumers opt for overseas brands by Yu Nan PUSHING her shopping cart, Sheng Xuehong’s eyes focused on the imported food shelves at her local Wal-Mart store on January 29 in Nanjing,east China’s Jiangsu Province. With just days to go before Chinese New Year,also known as the Spring Festival

  20. Immune Centroids Over-Sampling Method for Multi-Class Classification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-22

    selection, tolerance and self/nonself discrimination, memory and the evolution of an immune system. It was suggested that the immune system is com... Immune Centroids Over-Sampling Method for Multi-Class Classification Xusheng Ai1, Jian Wu1(B), Victor S. Sheng2, Pengpeng Zhao1, Yufeng Yao1, and...a novel over-sampling method, Global Immune Centroids Over- Sampling (Global-IC) based on an immune network, is proposed. Global- IC generates a set

  1. Imperishable Ink

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN WEN

    2010-01-01

    The idea is compelling-inviting contemporary Chinese artists to interpret classic masterpieces with brush and ink.It embedded itself deeply in the mind of 37-year-old Hao Sheng, the Wu Tung Curator of Chinese Art at the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston (MFA), but it took five years for him to finally present the result of his brainchild to the general public.

  2. WJG sets an example of internationalization for other Chinese academic journals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zu, Guang-An

    2010-06-14

    Supported by the "Special Fund for Key Academic Journals" of the National Natural Science Foundation of China, World Journal of Gastroenterology (WJG) has become a high-impact international clinical medical journal due to the great efforts of Professor Lian-Sheng Ma, Editor-in-Chief, and his team over several years. Now, WJG has successfully achieved a high degree of internationalization and sets a good example for other Chinese academic journals.

  3. Mesh-free modelling of liquid crystals using modified smoothed particle hydrodynamics

    OpenAIRE

    Yakutovich, Mikhail; Care, Chris; Newton, CJP; Cleaver, Doug

    2010-01-01

    We present a generalisation of the Modified Smooth Particle Hydrodynamics simulation technique capable of simulating static and dynamic liquid crystalline behaviour. This generalisation is then implemented in the context of the Qian-Sheng description of nematodynamics. To test the method, we first use it to simulate switching in both a Freedericksz setup and a chiral hybrid aligned nematic\\ud cell. In both cases, the results obtained give excellent agreement with previously published results....

  4. Synthesis of novel biscrown ethers with rigid cis/trans ethylene bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jian Quan Fan; La Sheng Jiang; Min Zhang; Na Wei; Ya Hui Feng; Shu Juan Han; Hui Wang

    2008-01-01

    Two novel biscrown ethers with rigid cisltrans ethylene linker were synthesized v/a Wittig reaction in high yield (about 80%).Their pure cis/trans-isomers were obtained by column chromatography separation. And their structure/configuration was confirmedby 1H NMR, 13C NMR, ESI mass spectrum, elemental analysis and UV-vis spectra.? 2008 La Sheng Jiang. Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of Chinese Chemical Society. All rights reserved.

  5. Reference: 18 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 18 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u12566581i Kim Kyung-Nam et al. 2003 Fe...t regulates abscisic acid and cold signal transduction in Arabidopsis. 2 411-23 12566581 2003 Feb The Plant cell Cheong Yong Hwa|Grant John J|Kim Kyung-Nam|Luan Sheng|Pandey Girdhar K

  6. On the analysis of Good English Learning Methods in English Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈依敏

    2014-01-01

    “Teaching is for the sake of no needing teaching”is the core of Ye Sheng-tao’s reading teaching approach. Actual y, this teaching approach is ef ective in the teaching of al subjects. So a good English learning method depends a lot on teacher’s teaching approach. Therefore, teacher should help students to shape an ef ective English learning method with a sound learning habit so as to ef iciently acquire English.

  7. EXPLORATION GEOCHEMISTRY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    <正>20072782 Dong Sheng(East China Academy of Metallurgical Geological Exploration,Hefei 230022,China)Regional Geochemical Characteristics of Guichi Area in Anhui Province and Their Ore-Prospecting Significance(Geophysical and Geochemical Exploration,ISSN1000-8918,CN11-1906/P,30(3),2006,p.215-219,223,3 illus.,7 refs.)Key words:polymetallic deposits,regional geological exploration,Anhui Province Controlled by unique geological conditions,

  8. SINOPEC TO BUY BACK FOUR LISTED SUBSIDIARIES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ Sinopec will buy back its four listed subsidiaries - Sinopec Qilu Petrochemical Co, Sinopec Yangzi Petrochemical Co, Sinopec Zhongyuan Petroleum Co, and Sinopec Shengli Oilfield Dynamic Group Co - at a cash offer of 14.3 billion yuan (US$1.78 billion), the company announced in mid-February. This transaction is a move made by Sinopec to deliver their promises at IPO in 2000 which include restructuring its assets in order to strengthen the competence of its core business.

  9. BFH-OST, a new predictive screening tool for identifying osteoporosis in postmenopausal Han Chinese women

    OpenAIRE

    Ma Z.; Yang Y.; Lin JS; Zhang XD; Meng Q; Wang BQ; Fei Q

    2016-01-01

    Zhao Ma, Yong Yang,* JiSheng Lin, XiaoDong Zhang, Qian Meng, BingQiang Wang, Qi Fei* Department of Orthopedics, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Purpose: To develop a simple new clinical screening tool to identify primary osteoporosis by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in postmenopausal women and to compare its validity with the Osteoporosis Self-Assessment ...

  10. Effect of Fiber Orientation on Dynamic Compressive Properties of an Ultra-High Performance Concrete

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-08-01

    Development of UHPCs began in Europe. In France, researchers at Bouygues* formulated reactive powder concrete (RPC). RPC was designed to have a...3(2):131-136. Ju, Y., H. Liu, G. Sheng, and H. Wang. 2010. Experimental study of dynamic mechanical properties of reactive powder concrete under...and M. Cheyrezy. 1995. Composition of reactive powder concretes . Cement and Concrete Research 25(7):1501-1511. Richardson, D. N. 1991. Review of

  11. Erythrocyte and erythrocyte function

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    2008331 Apoptosis induction and phosphorylated protein kinase Cε expression in 32D cells by sera from patients with aplastic anemia. SHENG Yu(盛俞), et al. Dept Pediatr, Affili Hosp, Nantong Univ, Nantong 226001. Chin J Hematol 2008;29(5):296-299.Objective To investigate the effect of phosphorylated protein kinase Cε(pPKCε)on apoptosis of32D cells induced by sera from patients with aplastic anemia(AA).

  12. Possible association between phantom vibration syndrome and occupational burnout

    OpenAIRE

    Chen CP; Wu CC; Chang LR; Lin YH

    2014-01-01

    Chao-Pen Chen,1 Chi-Cheng Wu,2 Li-Ren Chang,3 Yu-Hsuan Lin4 1Department of Education, National Taiwan University Hospital, 2Department of Family Medicine, Min-Sheng General Hospital, Taoyuan City, 3Department of Psychiatry, National Taiwan University, College of Medicine, 4Institute of Brain Science, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan Background: Phantom vibration syndrome (PVS) and phantom ringing syndrome (PRS) occur in many cell phone users. Previous studies have indicated an ...

  13. The Fracturing of China? Ethnic Separatism and Political Violence in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-09-01

    Fletcher, "The Heyday of the Ch’ing Order in Mongolia, Sinkiang , and Tibet," in The Cambridge History of China, Vol. 10 Late Ch’ing, 1800-1911, Part I...Warlords and Muslims in Chinese Central Asia: A Political History of Republican Sinkiang 1911-1949, (New York: 1996), 11-12; Millward and Tursun, 68...Whiting and General Sheng Shih-ts’ai, Sinkiang : Pawn or Pivot? (East Lansing, MI: 1958), 137. 86 Millward and Tursun, 80. 33

  14. Nonlinear Dynamics of Photonics for Optical Signal Processing - Optical Frequency Conversion and Optical DSB-to-SSB Conversion

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-09-17

    processing - optical frequency conversion and optical DSB -to-SSB conversion 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER FA2386-14-1-0006 5b. GRANT NUMBER Grant 134113...nonlinear dynamics of semiconductor lasers for certain optical signal processing functionalities, including optical DSB -to-SSB conversion, photonic...conversion and optical DSB -to-SSB conversion Performance Period May 30, 2014 ~ May 29, 2015 Principal Investigator Name: Sheng-Kwang Hwang Position

  15. Coastal Modeling System (CMS) User’s Manual

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-09-01

    American Meteorological Society, Vol 14, pp 973-982. Spiegel, M. R. 1959. Schaums Outline Series in Mathematics. Theory and Problems of Vector Analysis ...1986). 27. To avoid these problems, Sheng transformed the dependent ( S ,U,V) as well as the independent variables (x,y). Vector quantities (e.g., U,V...are transformed by multiplying the vector by a scale factor. Scalar quantities (e.g., S ) in the physical plane are the same in the transformed plane

  16. The Role of Drosophila Merlin in the Control of Mitosis Exit and Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-07-01

    schwannoma xenografts in severe combined immunodeficiency mice. Laryngoscope. 2006 Nov; 116(11): 2018-26. Figure Legends Figure 1: Salient features...Rhinological and Otological Society, Inc. Growth of Benign and Malignant Schwannoma Xenografts in Severe Combined Immunodeficiency Mice Long-Sheng Chang, PhD...lignant schwannoma (HMS-97) cells were implanted near the sciatic nerve in the thigh of severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) mice. Additionally

  17. Center of Excellence for Individuation of Therapy for Breast Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-01

    L. A Hierarchical Statistical Model to Assess the Confidence of Peptides and Proteins Inferred from Tandem Mass Spectrometry. Bioinformatics...2008;24: 202-208. Shen, C., Sheng, Q., Dai, J., Li, Yi., Zeng, R., and Tang, H. On the estimation of false positives in peptide identifications using...IIalpha gene status and prediction of pathological complete remission after anthracycline-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy in endocrine non-responsive

  18. Investment Boom in Chine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    China's economy grew 9.5 per cent in the second quarter from the same period a year earlier. This is the slowestpace in nearly two years which shows that the economy is "shifting from fast growth driven by policy to healthy development and Chinese growth is holding up well." said Sheng Laiyun, spokesman for the National Bureau of Statistics.

  19. China-Pakistan Strengthen Bilateral Custom Cooperation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guo Yan

    2008-01-01

    @@ Mr.Abdullah Yusuf,Secretary General/Chairman,Central Board Of Revenue of Pakistan,arrived Shenzhen on April 22 to meet with Mr.Sheng Guangzu,the Chinese Minister for Customs Administration for discussing the bilateral customs issues.During his two-day visit,China's Foreign Trade Magazine interviewed to Mr.Abdullah Yusuf in Beijing,he gave the high evaluation on this visit and China's great development in the recent years.

  20. CANNABIS MEDICINAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfredo Jácome Roca

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Los estupefacientes han estado presentes en la historia de la medicina desde la antigüedad. La materia médica china (Pen-ts’ao-Ching atribuida al emperador rojo Shen-nung, incluye a la Cannabis indica para reducir el dolor del reumatismo y por sus beneficios en desórdenes digestivos. El láudano (tintura alcohólica de opio, la esponja anestésica (mandrágora con opio, o la teriaca (polifármaco que contenía opio fueron pilar de la lucha contra el dolor y otros males. El opio proviene del jugo de la corteza verde de la adormidera –variedad de amapola- o Papaver somniferum y ha sido reemplazado como potente analgésico de acción central por su alcaloide morfina o por análogos como la meperidina (1. Desde sus orígenes, el ser humano ha buscado alivio en diversas plantas medicinales, la analgesia, la sedación pero también la euforia. El efecto pasajero y la taquifilaxia generada por el uso continuo impulsan un aumento en la frecuencia y en la cantidad de las dosis, perdiéndose sus beneficios y aumentando su toxicidad. En estos casos, disminuye el número y la sensibilidad de los diferentes receptores, fenómeno conocido como down-regulation. Al ser adictivos, el manejo de estos narcóticos debe ser estrictamente médico y fuertemente regulado, cosa de la que se han librado el alcohol y el tabaco. La prohibición del licor solo llevó al enriquecimiento de los contrabandistas. Hay alucinógenos menos villanos como los obtenidos de la Cannabis sativa, aunque no son demasiado benignos.

  1. Progressive degradation of crude oil n-alkanes coupled to methane production under mesophilic and thermophilic conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Lei; Shi, Shengbao; Li, Qiang; Chen, Jianfa; Zhang, Hui; Lu, Yahai

    2014-01-01

    Although methanogenic degradation of hydrocarbons has become a well-known process, little is known about which crude oil tend to be degraded at different temperatures and how the microbial community is responded. In this study, we assessed the methanogenic crude oil degradation capacity of oily sludge microbes enriched from the Shengli oilfield under mesophilic and thermophilic conditions. The microbial communities were investigated by terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP) analysis of 16S rRNA genes combined with cloning and sequencing. Enrichment incubation demonstrated the microbial oxidation of crude oil coupled to methane production at 35 and 55°C, which generated 3.7±0.3 and 2.8±0.3 mmol of methane per gram oil, respectively. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis revealed that crude oil n-alkanes were obviously degraded, and high molecular weight n-alkanes were preferentially removed over relatively shorter-chain n-alkanes. Phylogenetic analysis revealed the concurrence of acetoclastic Methanosaeta and hydrogenotrophic methanogens but different methanogenic community structures under the two temperature conditions. Candidate divisions of JS1 and WWE 1, Proteobacteria (mainly consisting of Syntrophaceae, Desulfobacteraceae and Syntrophorhabdus) and Firmicutes (mainly consisting of Desulfotomaculum) were supposed to be involved with n-alkane degradation in the mesophilic conditions. By contrast, the different bacterial phylotypes affiliated with Caldisericales, "Shengli Cluster" and Synergistetes dominated the thermophilic consortium, which was most likely to be associated with thermophilic crude oil degradation. This study revealed that the oily sludge in Shengli oilfield harbors diverse uncultured microbes with great potential in methanogenic crude oil degradation over a wide temperature range, which extend our previous understanding of methanogenic degradation of crude oil alkanes.

  2. Progressive degradation of crude oil n-alkanes coupled to methane production under mesophilic and thermophilic conditions.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lei Cheng

    Full Text Available Although methanogenic degradation of hydrocarbons has become a well-known process, little is known about which crude oil tend to be degraded at different temperatures and how the microbial community is responded. In this study, we assessed the methanogenic crude oil degradation capacity of oily sludge microbes enriched from the Shengli oilfield under mesophilic and thermophilic conditions. The microbial communities were investigated by terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP analysis of 16S rRNA genes combined with cloning and sequencing. Enrichment incubation demonstrated the microbial oxidation of crude oil coupled to methane production at 35 and 55°C, which generated 3.7±0.3 and 2.8±0.3 mmol of methane per gram oil, respectively. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS analysis revealed that crude oil n-alkanes were obviously degraded, and high molecular weight n-alkanes were preferentially removed over relatively shorter-chain n-alkanes. Phylogenetic analysis revealed the concurrence of acetoclastic Methanosaeta and hydrogenotrophic methanogens but different methanogenic community structures under the two temperature conditions. Candidate divisions of JS1 and WWE 1, Proteobacteria (mainly consisting of Syntrophaceae, Desulfobacteraceae and Syntrophorhabdus and Firmicutes (mainly consisting of Desulfotomaculum were supposed to be involved with n-alkane degradation in the mesophilic conditions. By contrast, the different bacterial phylotypes affiliated with Caldisericales, "Shengli Cluster" and Synergistetes dominated the thermophilic consortium, which was most likely to be associated with thermophilic crude oil degradation. This study revealed that the oily sludge in Shengli oilfield harbors diverse uncultured microbes with great potential in methanogenic crude oil degradation over a wide temperature range, which extend our previous understanding of methanogenic degradation of crude oil alkanes.

  3. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    A Representative work that Vainly Attempts to Westernize China On Yang Ji.sheng's Paper "My View of Chinese Pattern" XU Chong-wenAbstract: Mr. Yang Ji-sheng calls economic connotation of Chinese pattern "market economy of power" with all sorts of drawbacks, it is to take the problems that Chinese model deliberately struggles with and even the objects must be resolutely eliminated as the parts of Chinese pattern, thus they are absolute nonsense; he boils down political connotation of Chinese pattern to "authority politics" of "thoroughly denying modem democratic system",

  4. An Efficient PageRank Approach for Urban Traffic Optimization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florin Pop

    2012-01-01

    to determine optimal decisions for each traffic light, based on the solution given by Larry Page for page ranking in Web environment (Page et al. (1999. Our approach is similar with work presented by Sheng-Chung et al. (2009 and Yousef et al. (2010. We consider that the traffic lights are controlled by servers and a score for each road is computed based on efficient PageRank approach and is used in cost function to determine optimal decisions. We demonstrate that the cumulative contribution of each car in the traffic respects the main constrain of PageRank approach, preserving all the properties of matrix consider in our model.

  5. TABLE OF CONTENTS and ABSTRACTS reprinted from ACTA PHYSICA SINICA, Vol.49,No.8 (2000) (in Chinese)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    @@0000 GENERAL 0340K Connections among Homogeneous Balance Method, Weiss-Tabor-Carnevale Method and Clarkson-Kruskal Method……………………Fan En-gui (1412) 0420 A New Entropy of Black Hole in Accordance with the Third Law of Thermodynamics……………………Lin Hai (1415) 0520 Complexity Analysis of Abnormal ECG Rhythm:Ventricular Tachycardia and Ventricular Fibrillation……………………Zhang Hongxuan, Zhu Yi-sheng, Niu Jin-hai, Tong Shan-bao (1422)

  6. Developing Sand-Gravel Viscous Oil Reservoir in Le'an Oilfield

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    He Shenghou

    1995-01-01

    @@ The main oil-bearing series of Le'an Oilfield, Shengli Oil Province, which was discovered in 1970s are sand-gravel bodies on the base of the Eocene Guantao Formation. It is difficult to produce crude oil with conventional method from this thin reservoir due to its complicated lithology, extra viscous oil and edge water. We have conducted integrated study on geology, reservoir engineering, thermal production technology, horizontal drilling technology and comprehensive study. By five years' field experiment and operation, a prominent effect of development and good economic benefit have been achieved and an example has been set up for thermal recovery from extra viscous reservoir.

  7. Prediction of selective estrogen receptor beta agonist using open data and machine learning approach

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Shengqi; Xie, Liang-jun; Wang, Hui; Bing ZHU; Niu,Ai-qin

    2016-01-01

    Ai-qin Niu,1 Liang-jun Xie,2 Hui Wang,1 Bing Zhu,1 Sheng-qi Wang3 1Department of Gynecology, the First People’s Hospital of Shangqiu, Shangqiu, Henan, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Image Diagnoses, the Third Hospital of Jinan, Jinan, Shandong, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of Mammary Disease, Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Chinese Medicine, the Second Clinical College of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, People&rsq...

  8. Prediction of selective estrogen receptor beta agonist using open data and machine learning approach

    OpenAIRE

    Niu AQ; Xie LJ; Wang H; Zhu B; Wang SQ

    2016-01-01

    Ai-qin Niu,1 Liang-jun Xie,2 Hui Wang,1 Bing Zhu,1 Sheng-qi Wang3 1Department of Gynecology, the First People’s Hospital of Shangqiu, Shangqiu, Henan, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Image Diagnoses, the Third Hospital of Jinan, Jinan, Shandong, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of Mammary Disease, Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Chinese Medicine, the Second Clinical College of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, People’s Republic of...

  9. 笔饶生机 心游物表——海派画家程璋介绍

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    信志刚

    2004-01-01

    Chang Zhang(1869-1936), alias Yao Sheng, a native of Xiuning in Anhui Province, was a Shanghai School painter toward the end of the Qing dynasty and at the beginning of the Republic period , famous for painting flowers, feather, moving animals, mountains and rivers and figures. During his life time, he published the "Selection of Paintings by Mr.Cheng Yaosheng", His unique style of painting features the blend of traditional Chinese and western styles, with much attention to details and beautiful colors.

  10. 2007 International Children’s Day & Children’s Articles Expo,Jinan,China Held

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    <正>On the morning of July 6,the 2007 International Children’s Day & Children’s Articles Expo,Jinan,China with the theme of "Harmonious World and Joyful Childhood" was opened at the Shungeng International Exhibition Centre in Jinan. 330 representatives from 18 countries and regions including Germany,Russia,Belarus,France,the Republic of Korea,Japan,Indonesia,India and Ukraine and the Chinese children’s delegation attended the grand opening ceremony. Huang Sheng,deputy governor of Shandong Province,declared the inauguration of the Children’s Day activities. Zhang Jianguo,mayor of Jinan,delivered a speech.

  11. Low-energy neutrino and dark matter physics with sub-keV germanium detectors

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    A K Soma; L Singh; M K Singh; V Singh; H T Wong

    2012-11-01

    The TEXONO-CDEX Collaboration (Taiwan experiment on neutrino–China dark matter experiment) explores high-purity germanium (HPGe) detection technology to develop a sub-keV threshold detector for pursuing studies on low mass weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs), properties of neutrino and the possibilities of neutrino-nucleus coherent scattering observation. This article will introduce the facilities of newly established China Jing-Ping Underground Laboratory (CJPL), preliminary result of cosmic ray background studies at CJPL, the dark matter studies pursued at Kuo-Sheng Neutrino Laboratory (KSNL) and research efforts to accomplish our physics goals.

  12. Research on Techniques for Rolling Exploration and Development and Application to Dongying Oilfield

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Du Xiangyue; Sun Longde

    1995-01-01

    @@ The central anticlinal zone of Dongying Basin and Tong-Wang tectonic zone, subordinate to the Xianhe Oil Mine of Shengli Oilfield, are a composite tectonic belt, very complex in geology and diverse in oil pool types, with high oil and gas productivity, and also a very complex geologic body consisting of different strata and oil pools of different types and origins (Fig. 1). This situation made us to work out a complex and step-by-step continuous process of oil and gas exploration and exploitation,i.e. ,the rolling oil exploration and exploitation process.

  13. Tailored Granular Activated Carbon Treatment of Perchlorate in Drinking Water

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    Dekker, Inc, NY Seader , J. D. and E.J. Henley. 1998. Separation Process Principles . John Wiley and Sons, Inc. New York. Sheng, G., X. Wang, S. Wu...Properties of GAC and Tailoring Process 6  2.1.2  Schematic Diagram of the Technology 10  2.1.3  Chronological Summary of TGAC Technology Development to date...of Perchlorate in Drinking Water iii January 2010 5.4.4.1.4  Tailoring Process 58  5.4.4.1.5  Washing Process 59  5.4.4.2  38 GPM System 59  5.4.4.3

  14. Design and Development of Hydraulic Disc Brake Systems for Well Servicing Rig Drawworks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gao xiangqian; Zhou Yongxia

    1996-01-01

    @@ The conventional band brakes have been known to be important but also the most unlnerable part in servicing rig deawworks.. The failures in braking and releasing operations haven't well been avoided. There have evidently existed the problems of difficult operation and inconvenient maintenance in this connection. The use of power-assisted hydraulic cylinders or pneumatic cylinders can not meet the requirements of operations either. Since the late 1980s, we have cooperated with Shengli oilfields and others in the successful design and development of PST25 hydraulic disc brake systems for well servicing rig in a fully closed working state.

  15. Determination of petroleum sulfonates in crude oil by column-switching anion-exchange chromatography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liang Zhao; Xu Long Cao; Hong Yan Wang; Xia Liu; Sheng Xiang Jiang

    2008-01-01

    A column-switching anion-exchange chromatography method was described for the separation and determination of petroleum monosulfonates (PMS)and petroleum disulfonates (PDS)in crude oil that was simply diluted with the dichloromethane/methanol (60140).The high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)system consisted of a clean-up column and an analytical column,which were connected with two six-port switching valves.Detection of petroleum sulfonates was available and repeatable.This method has been successfully applied to determine PMS and PDS in crude oil samples from Shengli oil field.

  16. Lattice Boltzmann Simulation of 3D Nematic Liquid Crystal near Phase Transition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Jun; TAO Rui-Bao

    2002-01-01

    Phase transition between nematic and isotropic liquid crystal is a very weak first order phase transition.We avoid to use the normal Landau-de Gennes's free energy that reduces a strong first order transition, and set up adata base of free energy calculated by means of Tao-Sheng Lin's extended molecular field theory that can explain theexperiments of the equilibrium properties of nematic liquid crystal very well. Then we use the free energy method oflattice Boltzmann developed by Oxford group to study the phase decomposition, pattern formation in the flow of theliquid crystal near transition temperature.

  17. Experimental Observation of Differences in the Dynamic Response of Newtonian and Viscoelastic Fluids

    CERN Document Server

    Castrejon-Pita, J R; Castrejon-Pita, A A; Huelsz, G

    2003-01-01

    In this paper we present an experimental study of the dynamic responses of a Newtonian fluid and a Maxwellian fluid under an oscillating pressure gradient. We use laser Doppler anemometry in order to determine the velocity of each fluid inside a cylindrical tube. In the case of the Newtonian fluid, the dissipative nature is observed and the response obeys the Zhou and Sheng universality (PRB 39, 12027 (1989)). In the dynamic response of the Maxwellian fluid an enhancement at the frequencies predicted by the corresponding theory (PRE 39, 12027 (1989)) is observed.

  18. Mesh-free modeling of liquid crystals using modified smoothed particle hydrodynamics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yakutovich, M V; Care, C M; Newton, C J P; Cleaver, D J

    2010-10-01

    We present a generalization of the modified smooth particle hydrodynamics simulation technique capable of simulating static and dynamic liquid crystalline behavior. This generalization is then implemented in the context of the Qian-Sheng description of nematodynamics. To test the method, we first use it to simulate switching in both a Fréedericksz setup and a chiral hybrid aligned nematic cell. In both cases, the results obtained give excellent agreement with previously published results. We then apply the technique in a three-dimensional simulation of the switching dynamics of the post aligned bistable nematic device.

  19. Highlights of the TEXONO Research Program on Neutrino and Astroparticle Physics

    CERN Document Server

    Wong, H T; Zhou, Z Y

    2003-01-01

    This article reviews the research program and efforts for the TEXONO Collaboration on neutrino and astro-particle physics. The ``flagship'' program is on reactor-based neutrino physics at the Kuo-Sheng (KS) Power Plant in Taiwan. A limit on the neutrino magnetic moment of $munuebar < 1.3 X 10^{-10} mub}$ at 90% confidence level was derived from measurements with a high purity germanium detector. Other physics topics at KS, as well as the various R&D program, are discussed

  20. Recent Results and Status of TEXONO Experiments

    CERN Document Server

    Singh, V; Singh, V; Wong, Henry T

    2003-01-01

    This article reviews the research program and efforts for the TEXONO Collaboration on neutrino and astro-particle physics. The ``flagship'' program is on reactor-based neutrino physics at the Kuo-Sheng (KS) Power Plant in Taiwan. A limit on the neutrino magnetic moment of munuebar < 1.3 times 10^{-10} mub at 90% confidence level was derived from measurements with a high purity germanium detector. Other physics topics at KS, as well as the various R&D program, are discussed.

  1. 70th International Symposium on Molecular Spectroscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-22

    ACTIVATION OF ETHYLENE PROBED BY MASS-ANALYZED THRESHOLD IONIZATION SPECTROSCOPY, Yuchen Zhang, Sudesh Kumari, Wenjin Cao, Dong-Sheng Yang MI12 4:49 – 5:04...1-CHLORO-2-FLUOROETHYLENE, Nazir D. Khan, Helen O. Leung, Mark D. Mar- shall WJ06 2:55 – 3:10 CHLORINE NUCLEARQUADRUPOLE HYPERFINE STRUCTURE IN...Leopold RH03 1:59 – 2:14 DIMETHYL SULFIDE-DIMETHYL ETHER AND ETHYLENE OXIDE- ETHYLENE SULFIDE COMPLEXES IN- VESTIGATED BY FOURIER TRANSFORM MICROWAVE

  2. Case Study of the Ways Private Equity Funds Apply to Dodge Capital-flow Control

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张明

    2008-01-01

    In this article,several cases are cited to demonstrate how foreign private equity firms circumvent Chinese government restrictions on capital flows and investing in strategic and sensitive sectors. Speci cally,private equities investing in Chinese companies to be listed abroad can use the Red-chip,Sheng Da or overseas option models. Private equities investing in domestically-listed Chinese companies can resort to foreign-funded banks,underground banking,stock-holder borrowing,stocks held by the third party,equity bonds or local investment company purchases.

  3. Approximate discrete time analysis of the hybrid Token-CDMA MAC system

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Liu, YS

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available of the Hybrid Token-CDMA MAC System Yi Sheng Liu, Student Member, IEEE, Fambirai Takawira, Member, IEEE , and Hong Jun Xu, Member, IEEE Abstract— In this paper a hybrid Token-CDMA based medium access control (MAC) protocol is considered. The MAC scheme...Zulu-Natal, Howard College Campus. He received the BSc degree in 1984 from the University of Guilin Technology and the MSc degree from the Institute of Telecontrol and Telemeasure in Shi Jian Zhuang, 1989, and the PhD degree from the Beijing University...

  4. Optimization of hybrid token-CDMA MAC system using cross-layer information

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Liu, I-S

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available connected to the dynamics of the PHY layer, and the cross-layer interactions at each node Optimization of Hybrid Token-CDMA MAC System Using Cross-Layer Information I-Sheng Liu, Graduate Student Member, IEEE, Fambirai Takawira, Member, IEEE, and Hong... the Institute of Telecontrol and Telemeasure in Shi Jian Zhuang, 1989, and the PhD degree from the Beijing University of Aerinautics and Astronautics in Beijing, 1995. His research interests are in the area of digital and wireless communications and digital...

  5. [Selection of medical talents under the influence of imperial examination system in the Tang Dynasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Zhen-Guo; Zang, Shou-Hu

    2005-10-01

    The Tang Dynasty was an important period in which China's ancient imperial examination system was formed and perfected. The medical examination at that time was influenced by imperial examination system, too. Medical talents were chosen according to a clear regulation of exam subjects imitating "Examination based on Imperial College law", "Ming Jing" and "Ming Fa" in the Tang Dynasty. The ways of choosing sheng tu, gong jü, zhi jü, dai zhao were also used for choosing medical talents, and the practical subjects of medical examination and qualified standard were also made, which can be used as a reference for TCM education, examination, selecting and checking of TCM talents today.

  6. First Commercial Application of Upflow Residuum Hydrotreating Catalyst

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Mu Haitao; Sun Zhenguang

    2004-01-01

    This article refers to the first commercial application of upflow residuum hydrotreating serial catalyst, developed by Fushun Research Institute of Petroleum and Petrochemicals (FRIPP), in the residuum hydrotreating unit at Shengli refinery of Qilu Petrochemical Company. This catalyst features large pore volume and large pore diameter. The production practice for more than one year has revealed that the domestic upflow residuum hydrotreating catalyst has shown good performance and stability over the whole period of operation despite its high activity at the start of run, and has basically reached the level of similar imported catalyst.

  7. Differentiation of Bulk and Surface Events in p-type Point-Contact Germanium Detectors for Light WIMP Searches

    CERN Document Server

    Li, H B

    2013-01-01

    The p-type point-contact germanium detectors are novel techniques offering kg-scale radiation sensors with sub-keV sensitivities. They have been used for light Dark Matter WIMPs searches and may have potential applications in neutrino physics. There are, however, anomalous surface behaviour which needs to be characterized and understood. We describe the methods and results of a research program whose goals are to identify the bulk and surface events via software pulse shape analysis techniques, and to devise calibration schemes to evaluate the selection efficiency factors. Efficiencies-corrected background spectra from the low-background facility at Kuo-Sheng Neutrino Laboratory are derived.

  8. Mehanizam za propagaciju hidrauličkog frakturiranja tijekom stimuliranja naslaga naftnih škriljaca kroz horizontalnu bušotinu

    OpenAIRE

    Ma, Tian-Hui; Wu, Quan-ao; Tang, Chun-An; Liu, Hong-Yuan

    2016-01-01

    Način razlamanja stijenske mase u naslagama naftnih škriljaca jedan je od glavnih čimbenika koji djeluju na učinkovitost hidrauličkog frakturiranja (frakiranja). U ovom su radu provedena fizikalna ispitivanja i numeričko modeliranje u svrhu sustavnog ispitivanja učinka in-situ (podzemnog) naprezanja i kuta bušenja na stvaranje tlaka zbog hidrauličkog frakturiranja, širenje razlamanja i način razlamanja u horizontalnoj bušotini naftnog nalazišta Shengli u Luojia pokrajini, u izvođenju Sinopec ...

  9. Contract for Development of Zhaodong Block Signed in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Guoan

    2001-01-01

    @@ Contract for development, equipment and construction of Zhaodong cooperative block was signed in Beijing on July 12, 2001. This is the first onshore oil foreign cooperation project in China that has been put into development. Apache (China) Company,foreign operator of the cooperation block, and No. 1 Engineering Construction Company of Shengli Petroleum Administration Bureau,contractor of the block, have reached the agreement on drilling rig platform in the beach land. The signing of the contract marked a substantial progress of Zhaodong development project.

  10. Clinical analysis of contributors to the delayed gallbladder opacification following the use of water-soluble contrast medium

    OpenAIRE

    Ku MC; Kok VC; Lee MY; Hsu SM; Lee PY; Chang CW; Tyan YS; Juan CW

    2016-01-01

    Ming-Chang Ku,1,2 Victor C Kok,3,4 Ming-Yung Lee,5 Soa-Min Hsu,1 Pei-Yu Lee,1 Che-Wei Chang,1 Yeu-Sheng Tyan,6 Chi-Wen Juan7,8 1Department of Radiology, Kuang Tien General Hospital, Taichung, 2Department of Nursing, Jen-Teh Junior College of Medicine, Nursing and Management, Miaoli, 3Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Medical Oncology, Kuang Tien General Hospital, 4Department of Bioinformatics and Medical Engineering, Asia University, 5Department of Statistics and Informatics Scien...

  11. Effectiveness of stress management in patients undergoing transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsy of the prostate

    OpenAIRE

    Chiu LP; Tung HH; Lin KC; Lai YW; Chiu YC; Chen SS; Chiu AW

    2016-01-01

    Li-Pin Chiu,1,2 Heng-Hsin Tung,3 Kuan-Chia Lin,3 Yu-Wei Lai,1,4 Yi-Chun Chiu,1,4 Saint Shiou-Sheng Chen,1,4 Allen W Chiu1,4 1Division of Urology, Taipei City Hospital, 2University of Taipei, General Education Center, 3School of Nursing, Department of Care Management, National Taipei University of Nursing and Health Science, 4Department of Urology, National Yang-Ming University School of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China Background: To assess the utilization of stress mana...

  12. Traditional herbal medicine research with special reference to tetrandrine and related bis-benzylisoquinoline alkaloids: a preface to this special issue on herbal drugs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chiu-Yin KWAN

    2002-01-01

    @@ Since the inaugural publication of the special issue on Traditional Herbal Medicine Research in December 2000 and a subsequent follow-up issue in December 2001, the Editorial Office of Acta Pharmacologica Sinica has received a number of encouraging positive feedback from the general readers and academic authorities. I was honored to have been encouraged by the Editor-in-Chief, Professor DING Guang-Sheng to take up the guest editorship for the 3rd special December issue on Traditional Herbal Medicine Research in 2002.

  13. The Changxin Palace Lantern

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1999-01-01

    The Changxin Palace Lantern wasexcavated from the tomb of Dou Wan,wife of the Zhongshanjing Prince LiuSheng, in Mancheng, Hebei Province in1968. It is 48 cm high and gilded all over.The support of the lantern is in the shapeof a pretty maid of honor in a kneelingposition. The maid’s dress specifically reflectsthe women’s dressing during the HanDynasty. Under the conceal of her sedateappearance is a trace of sadness. Holdingthe lantern with her left hand, her right

  14. Epidemiology and management of osteoporosis in the People’s Republic of China: current perspectives

    OpenAIRE

    Lin X.; Xiong D; Peng YQ; Sheng ZF; Wu XY; Wu XP; Wu F; Yuan LQ; Liao EY

    2015-01-01

    Xiao Lin,1 Dan Xiong,1 Yi-Qun Peng,1 Zhi-Feng Sheng,1 Xi-Yu Wu,1 Xian-Ping Wu,1 Feng Wu,2 Ling-Qing Yuan,1 Er-Yuan Liao1 1Institute of Metabolism and Endocrinology, 2Department of Pathology, The Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, People’s Republic of China Abstract: With the progressive aging of the population, osteoporosis has gradually grown into a global health problem for men and women aged 50 years and older because of its consequence...

  15. Structural Health Monitoring 2007: Quantification, Validation, and Implementation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-30

    Fritzen, C.-P., Klinkov, M., University of Siegen 15:05 ~ 15:25 Online Wind Load Estimation for Offshore Wind Energy Plants p. 1905 Raimund Rolfes...Stephan Zerbst, Gerrit Haake, Johannes Reetz, , Jerome P. LynchUniversity of Hannover 15:25 ~ 15:45 Integral SHM-System for Offshore Wind Energy Turbines...15:40 Concept for Structural Damage Identification of Offshore Wind Energy Plants p. 1881 Zhan-Sheng GUO, Shanghai University 12:00 ~ 13:00 14

  16. The application of click chemistry in the synthesis of agents with anticancer activity

    OpenAIRE

    Ma N; Wang Y.; Zhao BX; Ye WC; Jiang S

    2015-01-01

    Nan Ma,1–3 Ying Wang,3 Bing-Xin Zhao,3 Wen-Cai Ye,1,3 Sheng Jiang2 1Department of Natural Medicinal Chemistry, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing, 2Laboratory of Medicinal Chemistry, Guangzhou Institute of Biomedicine and Health, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 3Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Natural Products, College of Pharmacy, Jinan University, Guangzhou, People’s Republic of China Abstract: The copper(I)-catalyzed 1,3-dipolar cycl...

  17. Fabrication Procedure for Rugged and Breathable Forms of Stretchable Electronics with Adherent and Composite Substrates

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Authors: Kyung-In Jang, Sang Youn Han, Sheng Xu, Kyle E. Mathewson, Yihui Zhang, Jae-Woong Jeong, Gwang-Tae Kim, R. Chad Webb, Jung Woo Lee, Thomas J. Dawidczyk, Rak Hwan Kim, Young Min Song, Woon-Hong Yeo, Stanley Kim, Huanyu Cheng, Sang Il Rhee, Jeahoon Chung, Byunggik Kim, Ha Uk Chung, Dongjun Lee, Yiyuan Yang, Moongee Cho, John G. Gaspar, Ronald Carbonari, Monica Fabiani et al. ### Abstract We introduce materials and composite designs for thin, breathable, soft electronics that ca...

  18. Development and characterization of new polyclonal antibodies specific for three polychlorinated biphenyls

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Han Yu Chen; Hui Sheng Zhuang; Chun Zhou

    2009-01-01

    Three polychlorinated biphenyls(PCBs)congeners and their corresponding haptens bearing four carbon length carboxylic groups that can be linked to a protein for raising antibodies were synthesized.The three resultant immunogens were fabricated and used to stimulate immune responses in rabbits to survey the characteristics of the haptens.Three of the resultant polyclonal antibodies(Pabs)were obtained.The antiserum exhibited relatively high antibody titres(1:32-64)in double agar diffusion.◎2008 Hui Sheng Zhuang.Published by Elsevier B.V.on behalf of Chinese Chemical Society.All rights reserved.

  19. 论晚清政府的保护与萍乡煤矿的开发%On the Protection to Pingxiang Coal Mine of Hanyeping Company From Jiangxi Local Authorities in Late Qing Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    左世元; 刘小畅

    2015-01-01

    Pingxiang Coal Mine has the features such as rich reserves, high grade and long history of mining. After Sheng Xuanhuai (1844—1916), official merchant and entrepreneur in late Qing Dynasty , took over Hanyeping Iron Company, he decided to exploit Pingxiang Coal Mine on large scale by machine to solve the problem of fuel shortage.As an official merchant, Sheng Xuanhuai and Hanyeping Iron Company obtained the support of local authorities in Jiangxi Province and late Qing Government in terms of mining right and ex-pansion of Pingxiang Coal Mine , tax waiving and military protection , which promoted the development of Pingxiang Coal Mine and Hanyeping Company .%萍乡煤炭储量丰富、品位高,开采历史悠久. 盛宣怀接手汉阳铁厂后,为解决燃料匮乏的问题,决定使用机器大规模开采萍乡煤矿. 由于有官办的背景,盛宣怀及汉阳铁厂在进驻萍矿、扩张矿权、减免税厘、军事保护方面均获得了江西地方政府和晚清政府一定的支持,推动了萍矿的开发,促进了汉冶萍公司的发展.

  20. Analysis of Clinical Experience of Professor Huang Yongsheng in Treating Migraine%黄永生教授治疗偏头痛临床经验解析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王月

    2015-01-01

    黄永生教授从事中医临床50余年,在临床上尊《内经》“治病求本”的宗旨,以整体观念为辨证指导思想。在治疗偏头痛方面积极寻找疾病的根本原因,针对病因治疗,临床上取得满意疗效,本文从四个方面总结黄永生老师治疗偏头痛的临床经验。%Professor yong-sheng huang is engaged in TCM clinic more than 50 years,in neijing clinicaly the tenet “cure to look for the cause of the disease”, dialectical guiding thought of the idea as a whole,actively looking for the root cause of the disease in their treatment of migraine,according to etiological treatment,the clinical curative effect is satisfactory,this paper from four aspects,summarizes the yong-sheng huang teacher's clinical experience in the treatment of migraine.

  1. Investigation of antioxidant interactions between Radix Astragali and Cimicifuga foetida and identification of synergistic antioxidant compounds.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fei Wang

    Full Text Available The medicinal plants of Huang-qi (Radix Astragali and Sheng-ma (Cimicifuga foetida demonstrate significantly better antioxidant effects when used in combination than when used alone. However, the bioactive components and interactional mechanism underlying this synergistic action are still not well understood. In the present study, 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH radical scavenging assay was employed to investigate the antioxidant capacity of single herbs and their combination with the purpose of screening synergistic antioxidant compounds from them. Chromatographic isolation was performed on silica gel, Sephadex LH-20 columns and HPLC, and consequently to yield formononetin, calycosin, ferulic acid and isoferulic acid, which were identified by their retention time, UV λmax, MS and MS/MS data. The combination of isoferulic acid and calycosin at a dose ratio of 1∶1 resulted in significant synergy in scavenging DPPH radicals and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP assay. Furthermore, the protective effects of these four potential synergistic compounds were examined using H2O2-induced HepG2 Cells bioassay. Results revealed that the similar synergy was observed in the combination of isoferulic acid and calycosin. These findings might provide some theoretical basis for the purported synergistic efficiency of Huang-qi and Sheng-ma as functional foods, dietary supplements and medicinal drugs.

  2. INTERATIVE APPROXIMATION OF FIXED POINTS FOR ALMOST ASYMPTOTICALLY NONEXPANSIVE TYPE MAPPINGS IN BANACH SPACES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾六川

    2003-01-01

    A new class of almost asymptotically nonexpansive type mappings in Banach spaces is introduced, which includes a number of known classes of nonlinear Lipschitzian mappings and non-Lipschitzian mappings in Banach spaces as special cases; for example,the known classes of nonexpansive mappings, asymptotically nonexpansive mappings and asymptotically nonexpansive type mappings. The convergence problem of modified Ishikawa iterative sequences with errors for approximating fixed points of almost asymptotically nonexpansive type mappings is considered. Not only S. S. Chang' s inequality but also H.K. Xu' s one for the norms of Banach spaces are applied to make the error estimate between the exact fixed point and the approximate one. Moreover, Zhang Shi-sheng ' s method (Applied Mathematics and Mechanics ( English Edition ), 2001,22 (1) :25 - 34) for making the convergence analysis of modified Ishikawa iterative sequences with errors is extended to the case of almost asymptotically nonexpansive type mappings. The new convergence criteria of modified Ishikawa iterative sequences with errors for finding fixed points of almost asymptotically nonexpansive type mappings in uniformly convex Banach spaces are presented. Also, the new convergence criteria of modified Mann iterative sequences with errors for this class of mappings are immediately obtained from these criteria. The above results unify, improve and generalize Zhang Shi-sheng's ones on approximating fixed points of asymptotically nonexpansive type mappings by the modified Ishikawa and Mann iterative sequences with errors.

  3. 15th International Conference on Man–Machine–Environment System Engineering

    CERN Document Server

    Dhillon, Balbir

    2015-01-01

    This research topic was first established in China by Professor ShengZhao Long in 1981, with direct support from one of the greatest modern Chinese scientists, XueSen Qian. In a letter to ShengZhao Long from October 22nd, 1993, XueSen Qian wrote: “You have created a very important modern science subject and technology in China!” MMESE primarily focuses on the relationship between Man, Machine and Environment, studying the optimum combination of man-machine-environment systems. In this system, “Man” refers to working people as the subject in the workplace (e.g. operators, decision-makers); “Machine” is the general name for any object controlled by Man (including tools, machinery, computers, systems and technologies), and “Environment” describes the specific working conditions under which Man and Machine interact (e.g. temperature, noise, vibration, hazardous gases etc.). The three goals of optimization are to ensure safety, efficiency and economy. These proceedings are an academic showcase of t...

  4. Quantity of plant leaf area on three major public squares in Kunming City, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DONGYan; ZHAOLin-sen; ZHAOYu-xiang

    2004-01-01

    Regressive formulae to calculate the quantity of plant leaf area for 13 species of ornamental plants were set up based on investigation data of 30 species on 3 major public squares (Dongfeng square, Shengli square and Guandu square) in Kunruing City, China, which were applied to calculate quantities of plant leaf area of these 13 species. The quantities of plant leaf area for the other 17 ornamental plant species on these squares were directly measured, and the total quantity of plant leaf area of each studied square was obtained individually. The results showed that the quantity of plant leaf area on Shengli square with ornamental plants structure composed of arbor tree species, shrub tree species and turf grass was highest among the three squares. It is believed that the design model of multi-storied vertical structure and proper tending of plant community could not only increase the quantity of plant leaf area, but also play an important role in generating ecological and landscaping benefits.Some corresponding suggestions were put forward on the basis of comprehensive analyses on the plant leaf area quantity of the three representative squares in Kunming urban area.

  5. 英汉诗歌常用音韵修辞手段对比探析%The Comparitive Analysis of Phonetic Rhetoric in English and Chinese Poems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李允

    2011-01-01

    There are difference and similarity of phonetic rhetoric in English and Chinese poems.The article analyzes the reasons by contrasting Mo-sheng and Onomatopoeia,Shuang-sheng,Vowel rhyme and Alliteration and Assonance,as well as pun.It finds that the difference and similarity are caused by difference of phonetic system,formation of words,characteristics of poetry language,cultural background,aesthetic cognition and concept and so on.It testifies that English and Chinese poems apply phonetic rhetoric to achieving the harmony and beauty of rhyme,meaning and artistic conception.%英汉诗歌在音韵修辞手段上存在着异同点,通过对比摹声与Onomatopoeia,双声、叠韵与Alliteration,Assonance以及谐音双关等三个方面,探析出现此种情况的原因,即:语音系统、构词方法的差异、文化背景的特质、诗歌语言的特性、认知与审美的影响等,以论证英汉诗歌音韵修辞手段的使用是为了达到美韵、美意、美境的效果。

  6. Study and application on the evaluation method of porous formation for long-term waterflooding sand reservoir

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Changjiang; Jiang Hanqiao; Chen Minfeng; Geng Zhanli; Liu Pengfei

    2009-01-01

    Nine targets which stand both for the static characteristic of produced formations and the dynamic parameter of wells including the average permeability, variation coefficient of permeability, moving capability, remaining recoverable reserves, coefficient of flooding, daily oil production, increasing rate of water cut, cumulative liquid production per unit meter and efficiency index of oil production are selected as the evaluation indexes, a novel model to evaluate the porous formations in long-term waterflooding sand reservoir was established by using the support vector machine and clustering analysis. Data of 57 wefts from Shentuo 21 block Shengli oilfield was analyzed by using the model. Four kinds of forma-tion groups were gained. According to the analysis result, different adjustment solutions were put forward to develop the relevant formations. The Monthly oil production increased 7.6 % and the water cut decreased 8.9 % after the adjusted solutions. Good results indicate that the learning from this method gained will be valuable adding to other long-term wa-terflooding sand reservoirs in Shengli oilfield and other similar reservoirs worldwide.

  7. Use of herbal dietary supplement si-wu-tang and health-related quality of life in postpartum women: a population-based correlational study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Pei-Jen; Lin, Ching-Chun; Chen, Yi Chun; Chuang, Chao-Hua; Tseng, Yu-Ching; Hsieh, Wu-Shiun; Lin, Shio-Jean; Chen, Pau-Chung

    2013-01-01

    Objective. The aim of the study was to explore the association between women's use of herbal dietary supplement Si-Wu-Tang during the postpartum period and their health-related quality of life. Methods. This is a population-based correlational study. We used multistage, stratified, systematic sampling to recruit 24,200 pairs of postpartum women and newborns from the Taiwan National Birth Registry in 2005. A structured questionnaire was successfully administered to 87.8% of the sampled population. Trained interviewers performed home interviews 6 months after the women's deliveries between June 2005 and July 2006. The Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short-Form (SF-36) was used to measure the quality of life of the women along with the frequency of Si-Wu-Tang use. Results. Si-Wu-Tang use after delivery improved women's score for bodily pain and also improved their score for mental health when used more than 10 times. In addition, there were increases in general health and vitality scores in the group who continuously used Si-Wu-Tang more than 10 times after using Sheng-Hua-Tang. Conclusion. Use of Si-Wu-Tang after delivery may be associated with women's health-related quality of life especially for those who previously used Sheng-Hua-Tang. These results are exploratory and need to be replicated.

  8. Legitimacy of the Theory of "Right-to-Make-Word,Left-to-Make-Phrase"%“右向构词、左向造语”理论的合法性——以三音节状中结构中副词作状语为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔四行

    2011-01-01

    冯胜利的"右向构词、左向造语"的韵律形态句法学理论,初期面临两大主要实践考验,但并非没有解释力。事实上,这一理论有其作用范围:即只有句法上合法的单位才能运用这一理论,其更多地用来判定句法单位的语法性质为词还是短语,而不在于判定句法单位是否合法。%The prosodic theory "right-to-make-word,left-to-make-phrase" advanced by Feng Sheng-li initially faces two challenges in practice.But these don't affect its explanatory power,because this theory has its scope: only legitimate syntactic units can adopt this theory.Then this theory can be more used to determine the syntactic character of word or phrase,rather than to determine the legality of syntactic units.

  9. Use of Herbal Dietary Supplement Si-Wu-Tang and Health-Related Quality of Life in Postpartum Women: A Population-Based Correlational Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pei-Jen Chang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. The aim of the study was to explore the association between women’s use of herbal dietary supplement Si-Wu-Tang during the postpartum period and their health-related quality of life. Methods. This is a population-based correlational study. We used multistage, stratified, systematic sampling to recruit 24,200 pairs of postpartum women and newborns from the Taiwan National Birth Registry in 2005. A structured questionnaire was successfully administered to 87.8% of the sampled population. Trained interviewers performed home interviews 6 months after the women’s deliveries between June 2005 and July 2006. The Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short-Form (SF-36 was used to measure the quality of life of the women along with the frequency of Si-Wu-Tang use. Results. Si-Wu-Tang use after delivery improved women’s score for bodily pain and also improved their score for mental health when used more than 10 times. In addition, there were increases in general health and vitality scores in the group who continuously used Si-Wu-Tang more than 10 times after using Sheng-Hua-Tang. Conclusion. Use of Si-Wu-Tang after delivery may be associated with women’s health-related quality of life especially for those who previously used Sheng-Hua-Tang. These results are exploratory and need to be replicated.

  10. 益血生胶囊治疗妊娠贫血疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘俊; 谢小琴

    2014-01-01

    Objective Analysis and Research Yi Xue Sheng Capsule for pregnancy anemia treatment efficacy. Methods Randomly selected clinical data in our hospital from May 2012 to July 2013 period 120 cases of pregnancy anemia patients were retrospectively analyzed 120 cases of pregnancy anemia patients underwent Yi Xue Sheng Capsule treatment, 30d for a course of treatment , taking a total of three courses, if invalid after three courses, stop taking the Yi Xue Sheng Capsule; Compare 120 cases of pregnancy anemia in patients before treatment and after treatment of anemia improve the situation. Results 120 cases of anemia in patients after pregnancy Yi Xue Sheng Capsule treatment, 115 cases of pregnancy anemia pale, drowsiness, weakness, fatigue, dizziness and a series of symptoms improved, the total effective rate was 95.83%; 115 cases of pregnancy after the treatment of anemia in patients with anemia was significantly better than before treatment, before treatment and after treatment differences are significant, with statistical significance ( P0.05). Conclusion Yi Xue Sheng Capsule treat anemia in pregnancy has a very significant effect, and no adverse reflected during the medication, medicine for the treatment of blood pregnancy and should be introduced in the clinical treatment.%目的:分析与研究益血生胶囊治疗妊娠贫血疗效。方法随机选取我院2012年5月至2013年7月期间收治的120例妊娠贫血患者的临床资料进行回顾性分析,120例妊娠贫血患者均行“益血生”治疗,30d为1个疗程,共服用3个疗程,若是3个疗程之后无效,则停止服用“益血生”胶囊;对比120例妊娠贫血患者治疗之前与治疗之后贫血状况的改善情况。结果本组120例妊娠期贫血患者经过“益血生”治疗之后,115例妊娠贫血患者面色惨白、嗜睡、乏力、倦怠、头晕等一系列症状明显改善,总有效率为95.83%;115例妊娠贫血患者治疗之后贫血状况明显

  11. Investigation on several monographs of the Tang dynasty related to Lingnan (Southern Tidges) medicine%唐代几部有关岭南医药专著的考察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    靳士英; 靳朴

    2008-01-01

    、、共著录8部唐代有关岭南的医药专著,至元、明时全佚.今桂林南溪山有宋人摩崖石刻一通;中有、各一条,是唐人郑景岫迄今仅有的遗存.唐代有关南药、海药的专著,有未著撰人的和李珣,李时珍认为两者为一书.今查发现,有一药引一书者,有一药同时引两书者,内容不同,疑为两书.%In the Tang dynasty,eight monographs related to Lingnan medicine were recorded in Yi wen zhi (Bibliography of Arts and Literature) of Xin tang shu (Annals of New Tang Dynasty),Yi wen liie (Brief Bibliography of Arts had Literature) of Tong zhi liie(Brief Annals of General History),Yi wen zhi (Bibliography of Arts and Literature) of Song shi (Annals of Song Dynasty).However,all of them were lost in the Yuan and Ming dynasty.Now,a piece of stone-carving,Gnang nan she sheng lun yang qi tang fang (Nourishing Qi Prescription of Treatise of Keeping Health of Guangnan) was found at the cliff on Nanxi Mountain in Guilin,the descriptions about keeping health prescription and keeping health treatise in Ling nan wei sheng fang (Hygiene Prescriptions of Southern Ridges) were regarded as the only extant version of Guang nan she sheng lun (Treatise of Keeping Health of Guangnan) written by Zheng Jing-xiu in the Tang Dynasty.Monographs about southern Chinese medicines and oversea medicines in the Tang dynasty can be seen,such as Nan hai yao pu (Prescriptions of Nanhai) written by anonymous author and Li Xun's Hai yao ben cao (Oversea Materia Medica).Both claimed by Li Shi-zhen to be the same book.Now,after checking the Zheng he ben cao (Materia Medica of Zhenghe Reign),it is suspicious that these are two different books instead of one,because sometimes,one medicinal item is quoted from one source,while other item can be quoted from the both sourees at the same time with different contexts.

  12. The viable Lactobacillus capsules for treatment of bacterial vaginosis%乳杆菌活菌胶囊治疗细菌性阴道病的疗效观测

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金芬园

    2012-01-01

    Objective To observe the efficacy of viable Lactobacillus capsules (trade name Ding-jun-sheng) combined with metronidazole in treatment of bacterial vaginosis. Method 68 patients with bacterial vaginosis were randomly divided into two groups, 34 cases in each group. Group A was given vaginally metronidazole 0. 5 g once a day for 7 days, plus Ding-jun-sheng 0.25 g once a day for 10 days. Group B was given metronidazole 0.5 g only for 7 days. Both group was evaluated 7 days after treatment. Result The effective rate of group A was 91. 17% , while that of group B was 85. 29% . There was no significant difference between the two groups. 3 months after treatment, the effective rate was 88. 23% in group A and 67. 47% in group B. The difference between the two groups was significant. Conclusion Metronidazole combined with Ding-jun-sheng is effective for bacterial vaginosis treatment with low recurrence rate, which can be used as an option for the treatment of bacterial vaginosis%目的 观察甲硝唑和乳杆菌活菌胶囊(商品名定君生)联合用药治疗细菌性阴道病的疗效.方法 68例细菌性阴道病患者随机分成2组各34例,A组用甲硝唑0.5g塞阴道,每日1次,共7d,同时用定君生胶囊0.25 g塞阴道,每日1次,共10 d.B组单用硝唑栓0.5g塞阴道.结果 停药后7d复查,A组有效率为91.17%,B组有效率为85.29%,2组差异无统计学意义;治疗3个月复查,A组有效率为88.23%,B组有效率为67.47%,2组差异有统计学意义.结论 甲硝唑联合定君生治疗细菌性阴道病疗效确切,复发率低,是目前治疗细菌性阴道病的较好方法,值得推广使用.

  13. 整脊手法并独活寄生汤治疗脊柱相关疾病的疗效分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任志强; 田志永; 郭建茂; 苏凤哲; 范洪亮; 张万龙

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨整脊手法并内服独活寄生汤的方法在脊柱相关疾病中的临床应用。方法:将脊柱相关疾病患者149例随机分为药物组76例和对照组73例,药物组采用整脊手法并内服独活寄生汤治疗,对照组采用单纯整脊手法治疗,10次为1疗程,1疗程后评定疗效。结果:药物组总有效率81.6%(62/76),明显高于对照组67.1%(49/73),差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);两组治疗过程中均未发生明显不良反应。结论:整脊手法并内服独活寄生汤治疗脊柱相关疾病的疗效优于单纯整脊手法。%Objectives:To study the clinical effect of chiropractic technique combined with Du huo ji sheng decoction on the spinal associated disease. Methods:149 cases were divided randomly into two groups, 76 cases in medicine group and 73 in control group, and the cases in medicine group were treated using chiropractic technique combined with Du huo ji sheng decoction, but the control group using chiropractic technique alone. Ten times was one therapeutic course and the therapeutic effect was evaluated after one therapeutic course. Results:The effective rate was significantly higher (p<0.05) in medicine group 81.6%(62/76) than that in control group 67.1%(49/73), and no adverse effects were found in two groups. Conclusion:The effect of chiropractic technique combined with Du huo ji sheng decoction was better than chiropractic technique alone.

  14. Biodesulfurization of dibenzothiophene by immobilized cells of Pseudomonas stutzeri UP-1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yingfei Hou; Ying Kong; Jinrong Yang; Jianhui Zhang; Deqing Shi; Wei Xin [China University of Petroleum (East China), Shandong (China). College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering

    2005-10-01

    Immobilization of the bacterium Pseudomonas stutzeri UP-1 was isolated from soil and sewage in the Shengli Oilfield. Biodesulfurization (BDS) of dibenzothiophene (DBT) was carried out using immobilized P. stutzeri UP-1 (CGMCC No. 0974) in model system. The results show that sodium alginate (SA) is an appropriate material of immobilization. The optimized operation immobilization condition was 4{sup o}C; the concentration of SA was 3% (w/v); and the ratio of SA (ml) to cells (g) was 20. The stability and life-time of immobilized cells were much better than those of the non-immobilized cells. The life-time of immobilized cells could reach 600 h by reactivation. 10 refs., 4 figs., 3 tabs.

  15. 揭示国民性的冷漠与隔阂——《伤逝》主旨的另一解读%Revealing the Indifference and Estrangement of the National Character .Another Interpretation of the theme of Grief over the Deceased

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    聂国心

    2012-01-01

    沿着《伤逝》中不同的视点细读作品,可以看到涓生与子君存在着深深的隔膜。他们的爱情悲剧,主要是由这种人与人之间难以沟通的国民性弱点造成的。《伤逝》的主旨可以解读为揭示国民性的冷漠与隔阂。%Interpretation of the novel Grief over the Deceased from different perspectives indicates that there ex- isted deep estrangement between Juan Sheng and Zhi Jun. The tragedy of the love story was mainly caused by the weakness rooting in the national character that obstacle the communication between people. The theme of Grief over the Deceased may be interpreted as the disclosure of the indifference and estrangement of the national character.

  16. Study on the Dealing and Controlling Measures of Hydrogen Sulfide in High 95 Well%高95井硫化氢处理及防治措施研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢立志; 张磊; 顾晓强; 赵荣

    2012-01-01

    This article analyzes and concludes the influence of hydrogen sulfide on the drilling and the precautions for the drilling.Main controlling measures are proposed for the six-time highly displayed hydrogen sulfide in the core drilling process of the high 95 well in Shengli Oilfield,which is highly relevant to the wells of mass hydrogen sulfide in the block.%文章分析总结了硫化氢对钻井的影响及在钻井中应注意的事项,并结合胜利油田高95井现场取芯钻井过程中硫化氢六次高显示的处理工艺,提出了主要防治措施,对该区块的高含硫化氢井有参考借鉴价值.

  17. 精准帮扶贫困水库移民工作的探索与实践%Exploration and practice of precisely helping the poor reservoir immigration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨奕; 李桂林

    2016-01-01

    石梁河库区是江苏重点扶贫片区,为了切实帮助水库移民解困脱贫奔小康,省移民办以石梁河镇胜泉村为典型开展结对共建,力求通过水库移民后期扶持政策与扶贫开发政策叠加,最大效能帮助移民村尽早脱贫。%Shilianghe reservoir area is the key poverty alleviation area of Jiangsu. In order to effectively help the reservoir immigration strive for a relatively comfortable life,the immigration office take action to co-work with Sheng Quan village Shilianghe town. Through superposition of the latter support policy for reservoir resettlement and poverty alleviation policy,to help lift immigrants village from poverty as soon as possible.

  18. Alternanthera philoxeroides Might Be Used for Bioremediating Heavy Metal Contaminated Soil%重金属胁迫条件下空心莲子草的生长和营养特征分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋志忠; 王莉; 金曼; 苏彦华

    2011-01-01

    Alternanthera philoxeroides, usually called as Shui-hua-sheng in China and commonly known as Alligator weed in English, is an immersed aquatic plant and is listed an invasive species in China. In this work, we found that Shui-hua-sheng (A. philoxeroides) is able to accumulate six heavy metals with the ability of Zn2+>Mn2+>Pb2+>Cu2+>Cd2+>Cr3+. Under the conditions of the stimulated external high concentration (1 mmol/L) of Cu2+, Mn2+, Zn2+ and Cr3+, the biomass of Shui-hua-sheng (A. philoxeroides) reduced, total length of root and total area of root surface decreased as well, accordingly R/S ratios increased. Moreover, the nutriational characteristics of K+, Ca2+ and Mg2+ were altered significantly, respectively, under the exposure to contaminations of Pb2+, Cd2+, Cu2+ and Zn2+. The findings in this research implied that the Shui-hua-sheng (A. philoxeroides) be able to tolerate mentioned heavy-metals with high level contamination, and also might be as alternative to be used for biomediation of heavy-metal polluted soil or water.%空心莲子草是一种常见的水生植物,并能在重金属污染的水体或附近土壤中生长.本研究发现,空心莲子草能富集6种常见的重金属元素,其富集能力为:Zn2+>Mn2+>Pb2+>Cu2+>Cd2+>Cr3+.高浓度(1 mmol/L) Cu2+、Mn2+、Zn2+和Cr3+ 等重金属胁迫处理条件下,空心莲子草的根冠比增加,生物干重、总根长和总根表面积都相应降低.此外,高浓度(1 mmol/L) Pb2+、Cd2+、Cu2+或Zn2+分别胁迫处理条件下,空心莲子草的K+、Ca+和Mg+等元素的含量变化差异显著(P<0.05).以上研究表明,空心莲子草通过改变体内钾钙镁等重要生长元素营养情况来适应重金属污染的胁迫,有很强的富集重金属元素的能力,进而降低污染、净化水体.空心莲子草对重金属污染的生长响应及体内重要矿物元素营养特性之间的相互关系,可能为重金属污染的水土生物修复提供理论依据.

  19. A New FCC Process MIP for Production of Clean Gasoline Component

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xu Youhao; Zhang Jiushun; Long Jun; Wang Xieqing

    2001-01-01

    A concept of two different reaction zones was proposed based on the FCC reaction mechanism,and verified by the experimental results of a fixed fluidized bed reactor. The concept was used to design a novel reactor with corresponding operation measures. Further experiments were conducted on the newly designed pilot scale riser reactor. In comparison with the conventional FCC at relatively equivalent conversion,the pilot test results had shown that the olefin content in the cracked naphtha dropped by 12.4%, and both of iso-paraffin and aromatics increased by 6%, and its MON increased by 1.3 units while maintaining the RON of the naphtha unchanged, and its sulfur content was reduced by 15% with a significant extension of its induction period for Shengli VGO + VR.

  20. Therapeutic strategies for Parkinson's disease: the ancient meets the future--traditional Chinese herbal medicine, electroacupuncture, gene therapy and stem cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xuan; Liang, Xi-Bin; Li, Feng-Qiao; Zhou, Hui-Fang; Liu, Xian-Yu; Wang, Jian-Jun; Wang, Xiao-Min

    2008-10-01

    In China, it has been estimated that there are more than 2.0 million people suffering from Parkinson's disease, which is currently becoming one of the most common chronic neurodegenerative disorders during recent years. For many years, scientists have struggled to find new therapeutic approaches for this disease. Since 1994, our research group led by Drs. Ji-Sheng Han and Xiao-Min Wang of Neuroscience Research Institute, Peking University has developed several prospective treatment strategies for the disease. These studies cover the traditional Chinese medicine-herbal formula or acupuncture, and modern technologies such as gene therapy or stem cell replacement therapy, and have achieved some original results. It hopes that these data may be beneficial for the research development and for the future clinical utility for treatment of Parkinson's disease.

  1. Stereotypical relation and interpretation of tang-song poetry%常规关系与唐诗宋词的解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李冰

    2011-01-01

    从认知语言学的视野,在含意本体论的框架下,运用我国学者徐盛桓提出的常规关系理论,以汉语语料中的唐诗宋词为研究对象,采取抽样统计的方法,阐释常规关系在诗词意象理解中的作用。%In terms of "Stereotypical Relation" proposed by Xu Sheng-huan,this paper takes Tang-Song poetry as the study object by means of sample statistics to expound the significance of stereotypical relation in the understanding of poem.

  2. Ancient Chinese Dress

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1992-01-01

    Chinese archaeologists discov- ered in Zhoukoudian on theoutskirts of Beijing the firstneedle made by Chinese about 18,000years ago.It was about 82 mm longand 3.3 mm in diameter,polishedcarefully and had a hole,showing thatthe Chinese of that time had masteredthe skill of polishing and drilling andcould make clothes ont of animalskins.It Is recorded in The Book of Rites(one of the Confucian classics,includ- ing essays on rites and etiquette of theQin and Han dynasties),compiled byDai Sheng of the Western Han Dy- nasty(206 B.C.-A.D.24),that therehad been no flax or silk in the pastand people wore animal skins or feathers as clothes.That proves that appa-rel appeared earlier than textiles in theChinese culture.

  3. Anisotropic rock physics models for interpreting pore structures in carbonate reservoirs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Sheng-Jie; Shao Yu; Chen Xu-Qiang

    2016-01-01

    We developed an anisotropic effective theoretical model for modeling the elastic behavior of anisotropic carbonate reservoirs by combining the anisotropic self-consistent approximation and differential effective medium models. By analyzing the measured data from carbonate samples in the TL area, a carbonate pore-structure model for estimating the elastic parameters of carbonate rocks is proposed, which is a prerequisite in the analysis of carbonate reservoirs. A workfl ow for determining elastic properties of carbonate reservoirs is established in terms of the anisotropic effective theoretical model and the pore-structure model. We performed numerical experiments and compared the theoretical prediction and measured data. The result of the comparison suggests that the proposed anisotropic effective theoretical model can account for the relation between velocity and porosity in carbonate reservoirs. The model forms the basis for developing new tools for predicting and evaluating the properties of carbonate reservoirs.%♦Corresponding author: Li Sheng-Jie (Email: Richard@cup.edu.cn)

  4. Prevention of diabetes in hypertensive patients: Results and implications from the VALUE trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ming-Sheng Zhou

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Ming-Sheng Zhou, Ivonne Hernandez SchulmanNephrology-Hypertension Section, Veterans Affairs Medical Center and Division of Nephrology and Hypertension and Vascular Biology institute, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, USAAbstract: A growing number of experimental and clinical studies have provided evidence indicating that pharmacological blockade of the renin–angiotensin system (RAS by either angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin type 1 receptor blockers reduces the incidence of new onset type 2 diabetes in subjects with hypertension and/or cardiovascular disease, independently of antihypertensive and cardiovascular protective effects. The beneficial effects of RAS inhibition on the development of diabetes have been largely attributed to improvements in peripheral insulin sensitivity and glucose metabolism. This review focuses on recent experimental and clinical evidence supporting the role of RAS inhibition in the reduction of new onset type 2 diabetes and the mechanisms that may be involved.Keywords: renin–angiotensin system, antihypertensive, diabetes

  5. A MODIFIED FCC PROCESS FOR MAXIMIZING ISOPARAFFINS (MIP) IN CRACKED NAPHTHA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XUYou-hao; ZHANGJiu-shun; LONGJun; HEMing-yuan; XUhui

    2003-01-01

    A concept of two different reaction zones was proposed based on the FCC reaction mechanism.The concept was used to design a novel reactor with corresponding operation measures.Experiments were conducted on the newly designed pilot-plant riser reactor.In comparison with the conventional FCC at relatively equivalent conversion,the pilot-plant test results showed that the olefin content in the cracked naphtha dropped by 12.4% ,and both cintents of iso-paraffin and aromatic increased by 6%,and its MON increased by 1.3 units while maintaining the RON of the naphtha unchanged,and its sulfur content reduced by 15% with a significant extension of its induction period for Shengli VGO+VR.The run test results of commercial trial were conformable with the results of pilot -plant test.

  6. Isolation, identification and characterization of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens BZ-6, a bacterial isolate for enhancing oil recovery from oily sludge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Wuxing; Wang, Xiaobing; Wu, Longhua; Chen, Mengfang; Tu, Chen; Luo, Yongming; Christie, Peter

    2012-06-01

    Over 100 biosurfactant-producing microorganisms were isolated from oily sludge and petroleum-contaminated soil from Shengli oil field in north China. Sixteen of the bacterial isolates produced biosurfactants and reduced the surface tension of the growth medium from 71 to BZ-6 was found to be the most efficient strain and the three phases (oil, water and sediment) were separated automatically after the sludge was treated with the culture medium of BZ-6. Based on morphological, physiological characteristics and molecular identification, isolate BZ-6 was identified as Bacillus amyloliquefaciens. The biosurfactant produced by isolate BZ-6 was purified and analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry. There were four ion peaks representing four different fengycin A homologues.

  7. Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine in Treating 37 Psoriatic Patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    @@  Psoriasis is a kind of chronic relaptic skin disease, and at present there are no appropriate therapeutical methods. From March 1998 to May 1999, we used the traditional Chinese and western medicine (TCM-WM) approach in treating this disease, and satisfactory result was obtained. We clinically observed this method in treating psoriasis, with hemorrheological examinations performed, and it is reported as follows. METHODS Diagnostic Standard   According to the diagnosis standard in “Modern Dermatology” (chiefly edited by YANG Guo-liang, WANG Xia-sheng. Shanghai: Shanghai Medical University Press, 1996∶513-514), the patients were confirmed to suffer from psoriasis vulgaris; and according to TCM syndrome differentiation as blood stasis type.

  8. Numerical simulation and application of three-dimensional oil resources migration-accumulation of fluid dynamics in porous media

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Numerical simulation of oil migration and accumulation is to describe the history of oil migration and accumulation in basin evolution. It is of great value in evaluation of oil resources and determination of the location and amount of oil deposits. Based on such actual conditions as the effects of fluid mechanics in porous media and 3-dimensional geology characteristics,a kind of modified method of second order upwind finite difference fractional steps implicit interactive scheme was put forward. As for the actual problem of Dongying hollow,Huimin hollow,Tanhai region and Yangxin hollow in Shengli Petroleum Oil Field,a numerical simulation test was carried out,and the result is basically coincident with the actual conditions. For the model problem,optimal order estimates were derived. Thus the well-known problem on oil resources was solved.

  9. Lighterage Skid Mounted Ditching and Laying Unit for Shoal Seabed%驳载拖橇式滩海海底挖沟敷缆装置

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毛宁林

    2001-01-01

    针对渤海埕岛滩海油田开发的需要,胜利石油管理局工程建设一公司研制了驳载拖橇式滩海海底挖沟敷缆装置。在报道该装置在极浅水域成功应用的同时,介绍了该装置的结构特点、工作原理及技术指标。%For exploiting chengdao Shoal oilfield in Bohai, EngineeringConstruction No.1 Company of Shengli Petroleum Administration Bureau developed a lighterage skid mounted ditching and laying unit.The article reports the successful application of the unit in extremely shallow sea, also reports the structure,construction principle and technical index of the unit.

  10. Study on distribution of reservoir endogenous microbe and oil displacement mechanism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yue, Ming; Zhu, Weiyao; Song, Zhiyong; Long, Yunqian; Song, Hongqing

    2017-02-01

    In order to research oil displacement mechanism by indigenous microbial communities under reservoir conditions, indigenous microbial flooding experiments using the endogenous mixed bacterium from Shengli Oilfield were carried out. Through microscopic simulation visual model, observation and analysis of distribution and flow of the remaining oil in the process of water flooding and microbial oil displacement were conducted under high temperature and high pressure conditions. Research has shown that compared with atmospheric conditions, the growth of the microorganism metabolism and attenuation is slowly under high pressure conditions, and the existence of the porous medium for microbial provides good adhesion, also makes its growth cycle extension. The microbial activities can effectively launch all kinds of residual oil, and can together with metabolites, enter the blind holes off which water flooding, polymer flooding and gas flooding can't sweep, then swap out remaining oil, increase liquidity of the crude oil and remarkably improve oil displacement effect.

  11. Numerical simulation and application of three-dimensional oil resources migration-accumulation of fluid dynamics in porous media

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YUAN YiRang; HAN YuJi

    2008-01-01

    Numerical simulation of oil migration and accumulation is to describe the history of oil migration and accumulation in basin evolution. It is of great value in evaluation of oil resources and determination of the location and amount of oil deposits. Based on such actual conditions as the effects of fluid mechanics in porous media and 3-dimensional geology characteristics, a kind of modified method of second order upwind finite difference fractional steps implicit interactive scheme was put forward. As for the actual problem of Dongying hollow, Huimin hollow, Tanhai re-gion and Yangxin hollow in Shengli Petroleum Oil Field, a numerical simulation test was carried out, and the result is basically coincident with the actual conditions. For the model problem, optimal order estimates were derived. Thus the well-known problem on oil resources was solved.

  12. China Economic Theory Innovation award:special coverage

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马连鹏

    2009-01-01

    |Editorial Note|For over 30 years China’s market economy has been growing and improving.Behind this is an economic community that that has been assiduously gleaning the fruits of reform and pursuing theoretical innovation.The China Economic Theory Innovation Award was launched recently for the purpose of summarizing and encouraging creative contribution to the research on China’s economic reform.During the first Chinese Economist Forum & China Economic Theory Innovation Award Ceremony,held grandiosely in Beijing,the Chinese economic community gathered to recall the process of reform and witness the birth of the first China Economic Theory Innovation Award.At the same time,Chinese economists conveyed their season’s greetings to the world economy.The following is an excerpt of the insightful speeches delivered at the forum by renowned economists Li Yining,Jin Bei and Hua Sheng.

  13. A New Method of Multi-Scale Geologic Modeling and Display

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yongliang Bai; Zhan Liu; Lanfa Liu; Roger Mason; Binghu Huang

    2014-01-01

    A new method of multi-scale modeling and display of geologic data is introduced to pro-vide information with appropriate detail levels for different types of research. The multi-scale display mode employs a model extending existing 2D methods into 3D space. Geologic models with different scales are organized by segmenting data into orthogonal blocks. A flow diagram illustrates an octree method for upscaling between blocks with different scales. Upscaling data from the smallest unit cells takes into account their average size and the Burgers vector when there are mismatches. A geocellular model of the Chengdao Reservoir of the Shengli Oilfield, China is taken as an illustrative case, showing that the methods proposed can construct a multi-scale geologic model correctly and display data from the multi-scale model effectively in 3D.

  14. ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    <正>20091993 Cao Wei(Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute,CAS,Lanzhou 730000,China);Sheng Yu Grey Relation Projection Model for the Assessment of Permafrost Environment in Coal Mining Areas(Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology,ISSN1000-3665,CN11-2202/P,35(4),2008,p.111-115,2 tables,15 refs.)Key words:miming,frozen ground,environment impact statementsDue to the intense effect of coal mining activity on permafrost,the permafrost environment in coal mining areas is very frail.It is very important to assess the permafrost environment in coal mining areas.The permafrost environment is

  15. Visbreaking of heavy petroleum oil catalyzed by SO42-/ZrO2 solid super-acid doped with Ni2+ or Sn2+

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    SO42-/ZrO2 solid super-acid catalysts (SZ)doped with Ni2+ or Sn2+ (Ni2+/SZ,Sn2+/SZ) were prepared for catalytic visbreaking of heavy petroleum oil from Shengli oil field.The visbreaking reactions were carried out at 240℃ and 3-4 MPa for 24 h using a heavy petroleum oil to catalyst mass ratio of 100 :0.05.The effect of water content on viscosity of heavy petroleum oil was also investigated.Both catalysts can promote thermolysis of heavy petroleum oil and the viscosity was reduced for (Sn2+/SZ) with visbreaking rates of 57.7% and 48.9%,respectively.After visbreaking,the saturated hydrocarbon content increased while aromatics,resin,asphaltene,sulfur and nitrogen content decreased.The presence of water was disadvantageous to visbreaking of heavy petroleum oil.

  16. Analysis on influence factor of bactericidal efficiencyin waste water%油田污水杀菌效果影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐永安

    2011-01-01

    Through investigation of the present SRB-content in wastewater station of Shengli oilfield,analyse the drug-resistant and putting means of bactericide.The influence factor of bactericidal efficiency is identified and how to improve the sterilization is pr%通过对胜利油田各污水站细菌含量现状调查以及胜利油田在用杀菌剂的抗药性、投加方式、使用效果分析,找出了影响杀菌剂杀菌效果的因素,对如何提高杀菌效果提出了自己的认识。

  17. [Comments on the Confucian physician].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jian-xiang

    2009-09-01

    Confucianism gradually permeated and influenced the development of TCM from the Song dynasty, and the term "Confucian physician" is still in use today. With the impact of Confucianism, whether in the compilation of the medical classics or the explanation and conclusion of the medical theories as well as in medical education and ethics, all developed dramatically. But the Confucianism had also a negative effect on the development of medicine. For example, SU Dong-po cured the epidemics with "Sheng san zi", but he exaggerated its action and recorded it. The later intellectuals learnt from him without differentiation and many people suffered. Another example is, with the influence of ideas of "serve the parents" and "help the public", adult children treated their parents by cutting their own thigh. Even some wealthy and intelligent people blindly applied the prescription without differentiation.

  18. Limits on Low-Mass WIMP Dark Matter with an Ultra-Low-Energy Germanium Detector at 220 eV Threshold

    CERN Document Server

    Lin, Shin-Ted

    2008-01-01

    An energy threshold of (220$\\pm$10) eV was achieved at an efficiency of 50% with a four-channel ultra-low-energy germanium detector each with an active mass of 5 g\\cite{wimppaper}. This provides a unique probe to WIMP dark matter with mass below 10 GeV. With low background data taken at the Kuo-Sheng Laboratory, constraints on WIMPs in the galactic halo were derived. Both spin-independent WIMP-nucleon and spin-dependent WIMP-neutron bounds improve over previous results for WIMP mass between 3$-$6 GeV. These results, together with those on spin-dependent couplings, will be presented. Sensitivities for full-scale experiments were projected. This detector technique makes the unexplored sub-keV energy window accessible for new neutrino and dark matter experiments.

  19. 大象和小象

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    凡夫

    2005-01-01

    <正> 盛夏(sheng xia),骄(jiao)阳似火。大象妈妈用自己的身子搭(da)成一个活动的凉棚(liang peng),为小象遮挡(zhe dang)住灼(zhuo)人的阳光。听着妈妈呼哧(hu chi)呼哧的喘息(chuan xi)声,看着妈妈顺着四肢流淌(liu tang)的汗水,小象非常感动:"我能为妈妈做点什么呢?"于是,他扇(shan)动着两只像蒲(pu)扇一

  20. Treatment of Urticaria with Cupping at Back-Shu Points - A Report of 40 Cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李丽梅; 丁杰

    2001-01-01

    @@Urticaria is a common and frequently encountered disease, which is mainly manifested by extreme pruritus and lumpish eruption of the skin. Acute urticaria with a short disease course can be cured, while the chronic one with repeated attacks is a lingering disorder. In the past few years, 40 cases of urticaria were treated by cupping at the back-shu points of the five zang-organs and Geshu (BL 17). Another 20 cases in the control group were treated with Fang Feng Tong Sheng Wan (防风通圣丸Miraculous Pills of Ledebouriella) and chlorpheniramine maleate. The therapeutic effect in the treatment group was significantly superior to that in the control group. The results are reported as follows.

  1. Acute gastrointestinal injury in the intensive care unit: a retrospective study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen HS

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available HuaiSheng Chen,1,* HuaDong Zhang,1,* Wei Li,1 ShengNan Wu,1 Wei Wang2 1Intensive Care Unit, 2Endocrinology Department, Second Affiliated Hospital of Jinan University, Shenzhen People’s Hospital, Shenzhen, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Background: Acute gastrointestinal injury (AGI is a common problem in the intensive care unit (ICU. This study is a review of the gastrointestinal function of patients in critical care, with the aim to assess the feasibility and effectiveness of grading criteria developed by the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine (ESICM Working Group on Abdominal Problems (WGAP. Methods: Data of patients who were admitted to the ICU of Shenzhen People’s Hospital, Shenzhen, People’s Republic of China, from January 2010 to December 2011 were reviewed. A total of 874 patients were included into the current study. Their sex, age, ICU admissive causes, complication of diabetes, AGI grade, primary or secondary AGI, mechanical ventilation (MV, and length of ICU stay (days were recorded as risk factors of death. These risk factors were studied by unconditioned logistic regression analysis. Results: All the risk factors affected mortality rate. Unconditional logistic regression analysis revealed that the mortality rate of secondary AGI was 71 times higher than primary AGI (odds ratio [OR] 4.335, 95% CI [1.652, 11.375]. When the age increased by one year, the mortality probability would increase fourfold. Mortality in patients with MV was 63-fold higher than for patients with non-MV. Mortality rate increased 0.978 times with each additional day of ICU stay. Conclusion: Secondary AGI caused by severe systemic conditions can result in worsened clinical outcomes. The 2012 ESICM WGAP AGI recommendations were to some extent feasible and effective in guiding clinical practices, but the grading system lacked the support of objective laboratory outcomes. Keywords: critical care, acute

  2. Resistivity of thin gold films on mica induced by electron-surface scattering: Application of quantitative scanning tunneling microscopy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Robles, Marcelo E. [Departamento de Ciencias de la Construccion, FCCyOT, Universidad Tecnologica Metropolitana, Dieciocho 390, Santiago 8330526 (Chile); Gonzalez-Fuentes, Claudio A.; Henriquez, Ricardo [Departamento de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencias Fisicas y Matematicas, Universidad de Chile, Blanco Encalada 2008, Casilla 487-3, Santiago 8370449 (Chile); Kremer, German [Departamento de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Chile, Las Palmeras 3425, Santiago 7800024 (Chile); Moraga, Luis; Oyarzun, Simon; Suarez, Marco Antonio; Flores, Marcos [Departamento de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencias Fisicas y Matematicas, Universidad de Chile, Blanco Encalada 2008, Casilla 487-3, Santiago 8370449 (Chile); Munoz, Raul C., E-mail: ramunoz@ing.uchile.cl [Departamento de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencias Fisicas y Matematicas, Universidad de Chile, Blanco Encalada 2008, Casilla 487-3, Santiago 8370449 (Chile)

    2012-02-01

    We report a comparison between the resistivity measured on thin gold films deposited on mica, with predictions based upon classical theories of size effects (Drude's, Sondheimer's and Calecki's), as well as predictions based upon quantum theories of electron-surface scattering (the modified theory of Sheng, Xing and Wang, the theory of Tesanovic, Jaric and Maekawa, and that of Trivedi and Aschroft). From topographic images of the surface recorded with a Scanning Tunneling Microscope, we determined the rms roughness amplitude, {delta} and the lateral correlation length, {xi} corresponding to a Gaussian representation of the average height-height autocorrelation function, describing the roughness of each sample in the scale of length set by the Fermi wave length. Using ({delta}, {xi}) as input data, we present a rigorous comparison between resistivity data and predictions based upon the theory of Calecki as well as quantum theoretical predictions without adjustable parameters. The resistivity was measured on gold films of different thickness evaporated onto mica substrates, between 4 K and 300 K. The resistivity data covers the range 0.1 < x(T) < 6.8, for 4 K < T < 300 K, where x(T) is the ratio between film thickness and electron mean free path in the bulk at temperature T. We experimentally identify electron-surface and electron-phonon scattering as the microscopic electron scattering mechanisms giving rise to the macroscopic resistivity. The different theories are all capable of estimating the thin film resistivity to an accuracy better than 10%; however the mean free path and the resistivity characterizing the bulk turn out to depend on film thickness. Surprisingly, only the Sondheimer theory and its quantum version, the modified theory of Sheng, Xing and Wang, predict and increase in resistivity induced by size effects that seems consistent with published galvanomagnetic phenomena also arising from electron-surface scattering measured at low

  3. Influence of Flavonoid of Astragalus Membranaceus's Stem and Leaf on the Function of Cell Mediated Immunity in Mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    jiao; yan

    2001-01-01

    [1]GENG CS, XING ST, ZHOU JH, et al. Study on mechnism of Astragalus membranaceus stimulating antibody production in T cell defect mice. Shanghai J Immunology 1985;5(2)∶69-72.[2]MAO XJ, WANG JZ, WANG FL. Advances in immunological studies of Astragalus membranaceus and Radix Hedysari. J Lanzhou Medical College 1988;(1)∶67-71.[3]WANG WY, CHANG JL, GAO J, et al. Experimental study on effects of Astragalus membranaceus on cytokine production in aged organism. Chinese J Immunology 1995;11(5)∶167-169.[4]MA YL, TIAN ZK, YUAN CS. Studies on chemical ingredients in Astragalus membranaceus's stem and leaf. J Shengyang Pharmacol College 1991;(2)∶121-123,136.[5]LU SH, ZHU YZ, WU SJ. Study on flavonoids in Astragalus membranaceus Bage van mongolicus stem and leaf. Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs 1990;21(6)∶249-250,265.[6]JIAO Y, WEN J, ZHANG DS. Effects of flavonoid in Astragalus membranaceus's stem and leaf on immune function in mice. Informations on TCM 1997;14(5)∶44.[7]GUAN HZ, KUANG YD, QING HL, et al. Comparison of 4 methods of assessing interleukin-2(IL-2). Shanghai J Immunology 1986;6(5)∶298-301.[8]MA ZZ, DING RR, SHENG T, et al. Detection of activity of LAK cell in mice by 3H-TdR incorporation. Chinese J Immunology 1989;5 (1)∶20-21,28.[9]SHENG YQ, NA AH, YANG ZJ, et al. Comparison of 12 species of Astragalus membranaceus on immune function in mice. Chinese J Immunology 1989;5(2)∶119-121.

  4. Investigation on version and author of Zeng bu shi wu ben cao bei kao (Augmented Dietary Materia Medica for Investigation)%《增补食物本草备考》版本及作者考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑洪; 廖春红

    2012-01-01

    Zeng bu shi wu ben cao bei kao,a masterpiece of Guangdong dietary materia medica works,has a variety of different versions.Based on our investigation on the existing versions,it is claimed that the statement in Zhong guo zhong yi gu ji zong mu (General Catalogues of Chinese Ancient Books),showing the first version of this book to be the version at the “renzi year of Emperor Yongzheng”,is wrong.We infer that the author of Zeng bu shi wu ben cao bei kao,HE Kejian and that of Sheng cao yao xing bei yao,HE Jian,is the same person.However,the former book is mainly a book on HE Ke-jian' s experiences sorted by HE Sheng-xuan on the basis of Shi wu ben cao hui zuan,and probably it maybe initially carved in 1738.%《增补食物本草备考》为广东食物本草类著作的代表作,现有多种版本存世,经考察,《中国中医古籍总目》著录该书最早版本为“雍正壬子”之说有误.此书署名作者何克谏与《生草药性备要》署名作者何谏为同一人.此书系何省轩整理何克谏经验,以《食物本草会纂》为蓝本辑编而成,可能初刻于1738年.

  5. 溢油蒸发过程的研究%Research on the characteristics of oil spill evaporation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严志宇; 肖井坤; 殷佩海

    2000-01-01

    The effects of wind velocity, area and thickness on the evaporation of Shengli crude oil and diesel are studied through pan evaporation. It is found that the evaporation of Shengli crude oil is controlled by the transference of volatile components from the inside to the surface of the liquid and the effect of wind velocity is small. The evaporation of diesel has different characteristics and controlling processes in different conditions. The characteristics of evaporation of spilt oils is discussed through the analysis of controlling steps, based on which the rate of the oils have been given. The probable complex situation of real oil spills is also discussed.%通过浅盘蒸发实验考察风速、蒸发面积、油膜厚度等对胜利原油、轻柴油蒸发的影响,发现胜利原油蒸发由易挥发组分在液相的迁移所控制,风速影响很小.轻柴油在不同条件下有不同蒸发特点,各因素影响情况也不同.通过分析控制步骤探讨了溢油的蒸发特性,并根据蒸发特点,给出相应的速率方程式.同时讨论了实际溢油蒸发可能出现的复杂情况.

  6. A first principles study of the electronic structure, elastic and thermal properties of UB2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jossou, Ericmoore; Malakkal, Linu; Szpunar, Barbara; Oladimeji, Dotun; Szpunar, Jerzy A.

    2017-07-01

    Uranium diboride (UB2) has been widely deployed for refractory use and is a proposed material for Accident Tolerant Fuel (ATF) due to its high thermal conductivity. However, the applicability of UB2 towards high temperature usage in a nuclear reactor requires the need to investigate the thermomechanical properties, and recent studies have failed in highlighting applicable properties. In this work, we present an in-depth theoretical outlook of the structural and thermophysical properties of UB2, including but not limited to elastic, electronic and thermal transport properties. These calculations were performed within the framework of Density Functional Theory (DFT) + U approach, using Quantum ESPRESSO (QE) code considering the addition of Coulomb correlations on the uranium atom. The phonon spectra and elastic constant analysis show the dynamic and mechanical stability of UB2 structure respectively. The electronic structure of UB2 was investigated using full potential linear augmented plane waves plus local orbitals method (FP-LAPW+lo) as implemented in WIEN2k code. The absence of a band gap in the total and partial density of states confirms the metallic nature while the valence electron density plot reveals the presence of covalent bond between adjacent B-B atoms. We predicted the lattice thermal conductivity (kL) by solving Boltzmann Transport Equation (BTE) using ShengBTE. The second order harmonic and third-order anharmonic interatomic force constants required as input to ShengBTE was calculated using the Density-functional perturbation theory (DFPT). However, we predicted the electronic thermal conductivity (kel) using Wiedemann-Franz law as implemented in Boltztrap code. We also show that the sound velocity along 'a' and 'c' axes exhibit high anisotropy, which accounts for the anisotropic thermal conductivity of UB2.

  7. 陕北插队经历对史铁生文学创作的影响%The Influence of Queue-jumping Experience in the North of Shan’ xi Shi Tie-sheng’ s Literary Creation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    申朝晖

    2015-01-01

    The living environment is barren in the North of Shan ’ xi and the attitude of the underlying people is sincere and honest , which have an important impact on literary creation for Beijing educated youth Shi Tie -sheng . Through interpreting his works , we find that Shi Tie -sheng has formed in rural life type memory in the North of Shan ’ xi as the performance content creation , his works adopt in large amounts folk songs art forms such as storyteller in the Northern of Shan’xi.At the same time, this kind of work also highlighted philosophical speculation about peo-ple's life experience and existence destiny in the North of Shan ’ xi.%陕北贫瘠、苦寒的生存环境,底层民众真诚、朴实的人生态度,对北京知青史铁生的文学创作产生了重要的影响。对史铁生作品进行深入解读,我们发现,插队经历使史铁生形成了以陕北农村生活记忆为表现内容的创作类型,文本中大量采用了陕北民歌、陕北说书等民间艺术形式,同时,这类作品也彰显出史铁生由陕北人的生命体验所达到的对人类生存命运的哲理性思辨。

  8. 浙江近岸海域贝类中重金属和贝毒污染状况研究%Contamination status of heavy metals and shellfish poisoning in the shellfish samples of Zhejiang coastal areas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    母清林; 王晓华; 佘运勇; 邹伟明; 王剑; 王艳华

    2013-01-01

      在浙江近岸海域采集了青蛤(Cyclina sinensis)、毛蚶(Scapharca subcrenata)、厚壳贻贝(Mytilus coruscus)、缢蛏(Sinonovacula constricta)、泥螺(Bullacta exarata)、菲律宾蛤仔(Ruditapes philippi-narum)、文蛤(Meretrix meretrix)、僧帽牡蛎(Ostrea cucullata)和栉孔扇贝(Chlamys farreri)共9种贝类计29份样品,检测其中重金属汞、砷、铜、铅、锌、镉以及麻痹性贝毒和腹泻性贝毒。结果表明,瑞安毛蚶、瑞安栉孔扇贝中有麻痹性贝类毒素检出,嵊泗文蛤、毛蚶和乐清牡蛎中存在重金属超标的情况;牡蛎对汞、铜、锌、镉有较强的富集能力。%Twenty nine samples belonging to 9 species of shellfishes including Cyclina sinensis, Scapharca sub-crenat, Mytilus coruscus, Sinonovacula constricta, Bullacta exarata, Ruditapes philippinarum, Meretrix meretrix, Ostrea cucullata and Chlamys farreri were collected from coastal waters of Zhejiang. Heavy metals including mercury, arsenic, copper, lead, zinc, cadmium and paralytic shellfish poisoning toxins, diarrhetic shellfish poisoning toxins were detected. Paralytic shellfish poisoning toxins were detected in RuiAn S. subcrenata and Ruian C. farreri. Content of heavy metals in ShengSi M. meretrix, ShengSi S. subcrenata and LeQing O. cucullata exceed the stan-dard, and oysters have high capability in enrichment of heavy metals such as mercury, copper, zinc and cadmium.

  9. 油田可持续发展系统动力学研究%A System Dynamics Research on the Sustainable Development of Oilfield

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尚文龙

    2011-01-01

    Based on the theory of sustainable development, this paper uses principles and methods of system dynamics, draw the system dynamics flow diagram and establish a man--machine dialogue economic model which can run on the computer. Through the model input the data of exploration of Shengli Oilfield and social development and environmental of Dongying City, to the oilfield of sustainable development system for a long-term, dynamic, systematic analysis of quantitative and qualitative research, thus analyzes and forecasts the index of the Shengli oil field, and makes some suggestions. This study provides a reference for harmonious development of oil resources and socio-economic environment system, and provides a scientific basis for policy-making departments to make a better decision.%以可持续发展理论为基础,采用系统动力学的原理和方法,绘出系统动力学流图,建立了能在计算机上运行的、人一机对话式的经济模型。通过在该模型上输入胜利油田勘探开发和东营市社会环境数据,对油田可持续发展系统进行长期的、动态的、系统性的定量定性分析研究,从而对胜利油田的各项指标进行了分析和预测,并提出相关建议。本文为石油资源与社会经济环境系统的协调发展提供了参考,为决策部门更好的决策提供了科学依据。

  10. Ioannes Rauber, Oratio ad principem et senatum Venetum, 1507 : Rede eines Renaissance-Diplomaten

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    Primož Simoniti

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Kaiser Maximilian I. wollte im Jahr 1507 mit einer großen militärischen Eskorte nach Rom reisen, um sich dort endlich zum Oberhaupt des Heiligen römischen Reiches deutscher Nation krönen zu lassen. Zu diesem Zweck sandte er vom Reichstag in Konstanz eine Gesandtschaft nach Venedig, um die Durchreise durch das venezianische Territorium auszuhandeln. Er trug sich dabei mit dem Gedanken, mit Hilfe der Serenissima das von den Franzosen besetzte Mailand zurückzuerobern, die Franzosen aus Italien zu vertreiben und den Papst zur Kaiserkrönung zu zwingen. Laut Notizen des venezianischen Patriziers und Chronisten Marino Sanuto erschienen die kaiserlichen Gesandten am 21. Juni in offizieller Audienz vor dem Dogen und dem Großen Rat und Ioannes Rauber, ein Krainer aus der bekannten Krainer Adelsfamilie, Cousin des bekannten Humanisten und Mäzens, des zweiten Laibacher Bischofs Christoph Rauber, hielt die Antrittsrede. Er studierte und erwarb sich den Doktortitel beider Rechte offensichtlich in Italien und war kaiserlicher Rat und Sekretär. Während der darauf folgenden Verhandlungen, die von den Venezianern bis Mitte August hinausgezogen und schließlich mit einer abschlägigen Antwort beschieden wurden, ließ er die Rede drucken und sie in Venedig zum Kauf anbieten. In Eile und wohl versehentlich veränderte der Drucker seinen Namen in Ioannes Rebler. Raubers Oratio ad principem et senatum Venetum (am Schluß des Artikels ediert stellt ein schönes Beispiel einer zwar kurzen, rhetorisch jedoch sehr könnerisch verfassten und diplomatisch geschickt formulierten Ansprache dar, die den hohen Standards der humanistischen Rhetorik entspricht, wie sie in Italien schon längst zur Norm geworden waren. Auf die Anfangskomplimente an die Republik Venedig und den Lob der Germanen werden im Zentralabschnitt Kaiser Maximilians kriegerische und menschliche Herrschertugenden mit überschwänglichem Pomp gerühmt, um dann zur Sache zu kommen: der Redner

  11. 贵州斑大叶蝉属三新种(同翅目:大叶蝉科)%THREE NEW SPECIES OF THE GENUS ANATKINA FROM GUIZHOU PROVINCE,CHINA(HOMOPTERA:CICADELLIDAE)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨茂发; 李子忠

    2001-01-01

    In this paper three new species of the genus Anatkina are described from Guizhou,China.All the type specimens are deposited in the Agricultural College of Guizhou University. 1 Anatkina livimacula sp.nov. (Figs.1-7)   Length(incl.teg.):♂ 9.6?mm,♀9.0-9.3?mm.   This species resembles A.xanthomacula Kuoh in appearance,but can be distinguished from the latter by its crown with three distinct black markings;pronotum with four or two brown spots near anterior margin and a transverse black band in posterior portion;scutellum uniform black;forewing red with a blue marking on claval base and a pink marking in middle part of costal area;the shape of male pygofer process,subgenital plate,aedeagus and style also distinctly different.   Holotype ♂,Guizhou:Maolan(25°30′N,108°10′E),30 May 1998,collected by LI Zi-Zhong.Paratype 1♀,same location as holotype,18 May 1995,by CHEN Xiang-Sheng;1♀,Guizhou:Ziyun,18 Jul. 1988,by WEI Lian-Meng. 2 Anatkina rubipennis sp.nov. (Figs.8-16)   Length (incl.teg.):♂ 13.2?mm.   This species is similar to A.nigriventris Li,but can be easily distinguished from the latter by the pronotum black-brown without distinct black spots;forewing dark red with a black spot in base of clavus and confluent dark markings bordering base of apical cells;the end of male paraphysis furcate,pygofer process smooth,subgenital plate curved abruptly dorsad with macrosetae not uniseriate.   Holotype ♂,Guizhou:Maolan (25°30′N,108°10′E),19 May 1995,collected by CHEN Xiang-Sheng. 3 Anatkina bistriata sp.nov. (Figs.17-25)   Length (incl.teg.):♂10.0?mm-10.6?mm,♀10.0?mm.   This species has unique colour pattern on head and pronotum,forewing black with two red stripes in basal half,which are different from those of any other species of the genus.   Holotype ♂,Guizhou:Maolan(25°30′N,108°10′E),21 May 1995,by CHEN Xiang-Sheng.Paratypes 2 ♂♂,1♀,same data as holotype

  12. 北羌塘盆地索瓦组上段的时代、古气候及石油地质特征%Geological Age, Paleoclimate and Petroleum Geological Characteristics of the Upper Part of the Suowa Formation in the North Qiangtang Basin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾胜强; 王剑; 陈明; 付修根; 吴滔; 熊兴国

    2012-01-01

    索瓦组上段是羌塘盆地演化晚期的一套潮坪—潟湖相沉积,分布于北羌塘盆地中部.通过对索瓦组上段区域地层对比,发现索瓦组上段在盆地东部、西部和南部的岩性变化较大,海相油页岩的出露地仅分布于北羌塘坳陷南部胜利河—长蛇山—托纳木一线的局限海湾—潟湖的边缘带,其形成明显受到了古地理条件的控制.根据索瓦组上段以及其下伏地层产出的生物化石组合,并结合油页岩的Re-Os同位素年龄,认为索瓦组上段的时代可能为早白垩世.对该组产出的孢粉化石组合和硅化木分析表明,索瓦组上段在沉积早期和晚期的古气候条件发生了明显的变化,早期为温暖和湿润气候,而晚期为半干旱—干旱气候,这种垂向上的古气候变化特征不仅仅局限于胜利河地区,可能在整个北羌塘盆地都普遍存在.索瓦组上段发育的油页岩及其上部膏岩沉积组合的发现,对于评价羌塘盆地演化晚期的石油地质条件具有重要的意义.%The upper part of the Suowa Formation in the central district of the North Qiangtang depression is the sediment during the late-stage evolution of the Qiangtang basin, which deposits in tidal flat-lagoonal environment. By strata correlation of the upper part of the Suowa Formation, it is found that its lithology is different in the eastern, western and southern areas, and the places where the oil shale exposed only aligned around the epi-continental restricted gulf-lagoon areas (e. G. Shengli River area, Changshe Mountain area and Tuolamu area) in the southern margins of the North Qiangtang basin. The deposition of the oil shale is obviously controlled by differential palaeotopography. Based on the fossil assemblages in the upper part of the Suowa Formation and its underlying strata, and combined with the Re-Os dating of the Shengli River oil shale, the geological age of the upper part of the Suowa Formation is suggested to be

  13. Zhou Rudeng’s Edits on the History of Heart-Mind SchooI%周汝登对“心学之史”的编撰

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王格

    2016-01-01

    It is necessary to edit the history of Heart-Mind School ( Xin-Xue) during the Wanli period of Ming Dynasty for the orthodoxy problem faced by Wang School.Zhou Rudeng did a lot of contributions in this aspect, including writing Wang Men Zong Zhi, Sheng Xue Zong Chuan, and Cheng Men Wei Zhi.Wang Men Zong Zhi ensured the orthodox position of Wang Ji in Wang School;Sheng Xue Zong Chuan guaranteed the orthodox position of Wang School of this kind in the Confucian tradition;while Cheng Men Wei Zhi discussed the position of Cheng Brothers in the orthodox genealogy.In fact, these three works show us a history of the Heart-Mind School characterized by emphasizing both xin ( heart-mind) and shi ( history) in light of the or-thodox perspective.%明代王学发展至万历时期,必须面对儒家道统地位的问题,作为道统叙事形式的“心学之史”之编撰因此十分必要。王学学者周汝登为此作出了不遗余力的努力,其中包括《王门宗旨》《圣学宗传》以及《程门微旨》等篇幅大小不一的著述。《王门宗旨》树立王畿一系学说思想在王门中的正统地位,而《圣学宗传》主要树立起这样的“王学”在儒学中的正统地位,《程门微旨》则是对正统谱系中如何安置“二程”的一个重要的补充说明。现在前人零散且不充分的研究基础上,具体而细致地考察这三部书的编撰理路及其功用、效果等,由此展示王门心学道统观之下的“心学之史”的心、史并重和交融的特色。

  14. Transcatheter arterial embolization combined with radiofrequency ablation activates CD8+ T-cell infiltration surrounding residual tumors in the rabbit VX2 liver tumors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Duan XH

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Xu-Hua Duan,1,2 Teng-Fei Li,2 Guo-Feng Zhou,1,* Xin-Wei Han,2,* Chuan-Sheng Zheng,1 Peng-fei Chen,2 Gan-Sheng Feng11Department of Interventional Radiology, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 2Department of Interventional Radiology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Zhengzhou University, Henan Province, Zhengzhou, People’s Republic of China*These authors contributed equally to this work Purpose: To evaluate the effect of transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE combined with radiofrequency ablation (RFA treatment (TAE + RFA on the expression of heat shock protein 70 (HSP70 in residual tumors and explore the relationship between the HSP70 and CD8+ T-cell infiltrate surrounding residual tumors in the rabbit VX2 liver tumor model.Materials and methods: Animals with VX2 liver tumors were randomized into four groups (control, TAE, RFA, and TAE + RFA with 15 rabbits in each group. Five rabbits in each group were sacrificed on days 1, 3, and 7 after treatment. HSP70 expression and infiltration of CD8+ T-cells in the liver and residual tumors surrounding the necrosis zone were detected by immunohistochemistry staining. The maximal diameters of tumor necrosis, numbers of metastases, and tumor growth rate were compared on day 7 after treatment.Results: TAE + RFA achieved larger maximal diameter of tumor necrosis, lower tumor growth rate, and fewer metastatic lesions, compared with other treatments on day 7. The number of CD8+ T-cells in the TAE + RFA group was significantly higher than in other groups on days 1, 3, and 7. There was a positive correlation between HSP70 expression level and infiltration of CD8+ T-cells surrounding the residual tumor on day 1 (r=0.9782, P=0.012, day 3 (r=0.93, P=0.021, and day 7 (r=0.8934, P=0.034.Conclusion: In the rabbit VX2 liver tumor model, TAE + RFA activated the highest number of CD8+ T-cells surrounding residual tumors. TAE + RFA appears to be a beneficial

  15. DIFFERENCES IN THE MOTORIC ABILITIES OF STUDENTS DUE TO THE BODY MASS INDEX (BMI

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    Arben Osmani

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction:The research has been conducted in order to establish differences in motoric abilities due to the body mass index (BMI with the tested students at the eighth grade (Barlow, & the Expert Committee, 2007. Methods: During the research 160 male students aged 14 were tested. On the base of (BMI they were divided into 3 groups (normal, overweight, and with obesity. They were tested with 6 motor tests for: explosive power, repetitive power, coordination, equilibrium, precision, and flexibility. Along with basic statistic parameters, the differences between the groups are established through: ANOVA, MANOVA and LSD-tests. Results: The obtained results are presented in 5 tables. On the base of the results, a statistically significant difference in favor of the group of normal body mass index is recorded in the following tests: standing a long jump, agility on the ground and keeping balance on one leg. Discussion: The results obtained in this research indicate that obesity and overweight cause a negative effect and result in lower performances concerning some motoric abilities. On the base of the obtained results, it is concluded that the group of students of normal body mass index achieved the best results in the motoric abilities with assessing the following: explosive power, coordination, and equilibrium. As for the motoric ability concerning: precision, repetitive power, and flexibility, there are no established statistically significant differences between the three groups. The obtained results correspond with some former researches (Milanese, et al., 2010; Zhu, Sheng, Wu, & Cairney, 2010, and some do not (De Toia, et al., 2009. References: Barlow SE et al. (2007. Pediatrics, 120, 164–92. De Toia D, Klein D, Weber S, Wessely N, Koch B, Tokarski W, Dordel S, Strüder H, Graf C (2009. European Journal of Obesity, 2(4, 221–5. Zhu YC, Sheng K, Wu SK, Cairney J (2011. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 32(2, 801–7. Milanese C

  16. Development and Applications of the Solid Emulsifier Used to Improve the Performance of Oil-in-water Drilling Fluids

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YanJienian; WangFuhua

    2004-01-01

    The oil-in-water emulsion drilling fluids, prepared by adding 5-12% (by volume) of mineral oil (or diesel) to water-based muds, have been widely used for stuck-pipe prevention in the Shengli Oilfield. In some cases, the emulsion stability of this kind of mud system is not strong enough to meet the requirements of drilling operations. To overcome this drawback, a solid emulsifer, which is characterized by its very small particle size and special wetting behavior (slightly water-wet), has been developed and successfully applied to improve the emulsion stability and other performances of these drilling fluids. Prior to the development of this technology, an extensive study was conducted to deal with the influence of various kinds of finely divided insoluble solid particles on oil/water emulsification. The substances used include bentonite, organophilic clay, kaolinite, barite, two kinds of calcium carbonate with different particle sizes, two kinds of silica with different wetting behaviors, and a newly developed solid emulsifier. Both the emulsion stability experiments and the drop coalescence experiments are performed to evaluate the contribution of these particles to emulsification. The measured final emulsion volume disappears after 12 hours and the half-life for water and oil drops are used as the measures of emulsion stability. The experimental data show that the type, size, concentration and wettability of the particles, and the presence of some surfactants control the type and stability of emulsions for a given oil/water system, and the fine particles of the solids emulsifier provide the most effective stabilization for water-continuous emulsions compared with other kinds of particles. Meanwhile, it can be observed that these particles also stabilize oil-continuous emulsions effectively in some cases since their wetting behavior is close to neutral. The O/W emulsion mud stabilized by the newly developed solid emulsifier has become one of the major mud systems

  17. Un recorrido histórico y cultural por el relato de “El traje nuevo del emperador”. Análisis y posibilidades didácticas en las aulas de Educación Secundaria Obligatoria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrés Montaner

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available En el presente estudio realizamos un análisis comparativo de tres versiones de una fábula que encontramos ya en El conde Lucanor y que tradicionalmente es conocida con el nombre de “El traje nuevo del emperador”. Así, relacionamos entre sí la recogida por don Juan Manuel en el siglo XIV, la creada por H. C. Andersen en el siglo XIX y la versión del escritor chino Ye Sheng Tao en el siglo XX. A partir de las mismas, llevamos a cabo un recorrido histórico por las épocas en que estas tres variantes aparecieron, considerando también los condicionantes culturales, temporales y sociales en los que fue reescrita. De acuerdo con esto, reflexionamos también sobre los matices que han hecho que esta historia haya sido en ocasiones considerada como una fábula o exemplum y, en otras, como un cuento de tipo tradicional, dependiendo de la aparición explícita o implícita de la enseñanza que se desprende de los hechos que en ella se cuentan. Finalmente, proponemos una implementación didáctica utilizando las diferentes exégesis bajo las que se ha presentado dicho relato, buscando a través de ellas fomentar la educación literaria y transmitir valores interculturales en Educación Secundaria Obligatoria. The present study aims to carry out a contrastive analysis of three versions of the fable found in El conde Lucanor, traditionally known as “The emperor’s new clothes”. So, we compare the first version gathered by Don Juan Manuel in the Fourteenth Century, the second made by H.C. Andersen in the Nineteenth Century and the last made by Ye Sheng Tao in the Twentieth Century. Thus a historical journey through the ages in which these three variants turned up is done, taking also into consideration the cultural, temporal and social conditions in which they were rewritten. Accordingly, it is also reflected on the nuances that have made this story has sometimes been regarded as a fable or exemplum, and at others, as a traditional fairy tale

  18. YiQiFuMai Powder Injection Ameliorates Cerebral Ischemia by Inhibiting Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress-Mediated Neuronal Apoptosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guosheng Cao

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available YiQiFuMai (YQFM powder injection as a modern preparation derived from Sheng Mai San, a traditional Chinese medicine, has been widely used in the treatment of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. However, its neuroprotective effect and underlying mechanism in cerebral ischemia remain to be explored. The present study was designed to investigate the neuroprotective effect of YQFM on endoplasmic reticulum (ER stress-mediated neuronal apoptosis in the permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion- (MCAO- injured mice and the oxygen-glucose deprivation- (OGD- induced pheochromocytoma (PC12 cells. The results showed that single administration of YQFM (1.342 g/kg, i.p. could reduce the brain infarction and improve the neurological deficits and the cerebral blood flow (CBF after MCAO for 24 h in mice. Moreover, incubation with YQFM (100, 200, and 400 μg/mL could increase the cell viability, decrease the caspase-3 activity, and inhibit the cell apoptosis in OGD-induced PC12 cells for 12 h. In addition, YQFM treatment could significantly modulate cleaved caspase-3 and Bcl-2 expressions and inhibit the expressions of ER stress-related marker proteins and signaling pathways in vivo and in vitro. In conclusion, our findings provide the first evidence that YQFM ameliorates cerebral ischemic injury linked with modulating ER stress-related signaling pathways, which provided some new insights for its prevention and treatment of cerebral ischemia diseases.

  19. Analysis on Landscaping Construction of the Residential Community: Take the Landscaping Project of Jiasheng Luxurious Residence Part 1 for Example%居住小区园林景观营造方法浅析——以汕头嘉盛豪庭华南住宅一期园林景观工程为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林奕文

    2012-01-01

    “园林、生态、人文”的居住理念逐渐深入人心,文章试以汕头嘉盛豪庭华南住宅一期园林景观工程为例,分析,探讨如何营造优美、舒适、人性化的居住环境。居住区园林水平已成为衡量商品房档次的重要标准之一,故对植物群落、水景、园林小品及附属设施等方面的配置进行%With the concept of residence that Lanscape, Ecology and Humanism gradually developing,the level of residential landscape becomes an important grade standard of residential community. The thesis, instancing the lanscaping construction of JiaSheng Luxurious residence Part 1,discusses that how to creat an elegant, comfortable and humanistic residential environment with plants landscape waterscape, garden furniture and accessory structures.

  20. Body burden of Hg in different bio-samples of mothers in Shenyang city, China.

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    Min-Ming Li

    Full Text Available Hg is an accumulative and neuro-toxic heavy metal which has a wide range of adverse effects in human health. However, few studies are available on body burden of Hg level in different bio-samples of pregnant women in Chinese population. Therefore, this study evaluated Hg levels in different maternal bio-samples in Shenyang city, China and investigated the correlation of Hg levels in different bio-samples. From October to December 2008, 200 pregnant women about to deliver their babies at ShengJing Hospital (Shenyang city, northeast of China participated in this study. The geometric mean (GM of Hg levels in cord blood, maternal venous blood, breast milk, and maternal urine were 2.18 µg/L, 1.17 µg/L, 1.14 µg/L, and 0.73 µg/L, respectively, and the GM of maternal hair Hg level was 404.45 µg/kg. There was a strong correlation between cord blood and maternal blood total Hg level (r = 0.713, P<0.001. Frequency of fish consumption more than or equal to 3 times per week during pregnancy was suggested as a significant risk factor of prenatal Hg exposure (unadjusted OR 3.5, adjusted OR 2.94, P<0.05. This study provides evidence about Hg burden of mothers and the risk factors of prenatal Hg exposure in Shenyang city, China.

  1. The application of click chemistry in the synthesis of agents with anticancer activity

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    Ma N

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Nan Ma,1–3 Ying Wang,3 Bing-Xin Zhao,3 Wen-Cai Ye,1,3 Sheng Jiang2 1Department of Natural Medicinal Chemistry, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing, 2Laboratory of Medicinal Chemistry, Guangzhou Institute of Biomedicine and Health, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 3Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Natural Products, College of Pharmacy, Jinan University, Guangzhou, People’s Republic of China Abstract: The copper(I-catalyzed 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition between alkynes and azides (click chemistry to form 1,2,3-triazoles is the most popular reaction due to its reliability, specificity, and biocompatibility. This reaction has the potential to shorten procedures, and render more efficient lead identification and optimization procedures in medicinal chemistry, which is a powerful modular synthetic approach toward the assembly of new molecular entities and has been applied in anticancer drugs discovery increasingly. The present review focuses mainly on the applications of this reaction in the field of synthesis of agents with anticancer activity, which are divided into four groups: topoisomerase II inhibitors, histone deacetylase inhibitors, protein tyrosine kinase inhibitors, and antimicrotubule agents. Keywords: topoisomerase II inhibitors, histone deacetylase inhibitors, protein tyrosine kinase inhibitors, antimicrotubule agents

  2. Dynamic Stability Analysis of Caisson Breakwater in Lifetime Considering the Annual Frequency of Severe Storm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王禹迟; 王元战; 洪宁宁

    2015-01-01

    In the dynamic stability analysis of a caisson breakwater, most of current studies pay attention to the motion characteristics of caisson breakwaters under a single periodical breaking wave excitation. And in the lifetime stability analysis of caisson breakwater, it is assumed that the caisson breakwater suffers storm wave excitation once annually in the design lifetime. However, the number of annual severe storm occurrence is a random variable. In this paper, a series of random waves are generated by the Wen Sheng-chang wave spectrum, and the histories of successive and long-term random wave forces are built up by using the improved Goda wave force model. It is assumed that the number of annual severe storm occurrence is in the Poisson distribution over the 50-year design lifetime, and the history of random wave excitation is generated for each storm by the wave spectrum. The response histories of the caisson breakwater to the random waves over 50-year design lifetime are calculated and taken as a set of samples. On the basis of the Monte Carlo simulation technique, a large number of samples can be obtained, and the probability assessment of the safety of the breakwater during the complete design lifetime is obtained by statistical analysis of a large number of samples. Finally, the procedure of probability assessment of the breakwater safety is illustrated by an example.

  3. DRY GAS HOLDER RECOVERING FLARE GAS IN REFINERY%干式气柜回收炼油厂火炬气技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    穆海涛

    2001-01-01

    介绍了齐鲁石油化工公司胜利炼油厂新投产的一套10.0dam3的干式气柜的应用情况。近一年来运转正常,该气柜自动化程度高,安全可靠,操作简单,维护费用低,投资回收期约1.5年。干式气柜的投产减少了炼油厂火炬的浪费和污染,是一项值得推广的火炬气回收技术。%The application of a newly started 10.0 dam3 dry gas holder inShengli Refinery of Qilu Petrochemical Company was introduced.It is characterized by high automaticity,safety and reliability,simple operation and low maintenance expense.The period of investment recovery is 1.5 years.

  4. Let Us Remember Fengliu instead of Miseries: Dayou Poems and Chinese Diaspora

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Da Zheng

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available In 1953, Chiang Yee, a Chinese American travel writer and artist, began to write and exchange Chinese-language dayou poems with Yang Lien-sheng, a Harvard professor. These poems, seemingly casual, unrestrained, humorous, and sometimes emotional, reflected the sentiments of diaspora poets, their feelings about displacement, profession, language, and home. This article is a study of the cultural and literary significance of these dayou poems. Written during the Cold War era by Chinese scholars, they stand in sharp contrast with mainstream publications in both China and America. They are not merely an instance of Chinese poetic form being practiced overseas; when examined against their sociocultural context, these verses raise significant issues concerning displacement and homeland, career and cultural identity, and “mother tongue” and public expression. They reveal an ethos that diaspora poets have never publicly manifested in their English-language writings. Thus, a study of these dayou poems may deepen our understanding about Asian American literature, lead to a better appreciation of writing in languages other than English, and open up a new, exciting topic within Asian American Studies.

  5. Practice of printing and size mixing technology towards industrialization 4.0 era%迈向工业4.0时代的印花调浆技术实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙兴峰; 朱冬兰; 严东海; 沈迎芳

    2015-01-01

    在工业化4.0革命的趋势下,智能化和信息化已成为现代工厂的发展趋势,更是印染厂下一步转型升级的发展方向,结合盛虹集团印花调浆车间在自动化信息化技术方面的实践,从自动调浆系统和ERP 2个方面详细阐述印染厂在迈向工业4.0时代积累的一些技术经验和遇到的一些问题.%Under the trend of the revolution of industrialization 4.0, intelligence and information technology have become the development trend of the modern factory, and they are the development direction of the next-step transformation and upgrading for the printing and dyeing factory. Combined with the practice of the printing paste mixing workshop of ShengHong Group in the automation information technology, experience and problems of the printing and dyeing factory towards industrialization 4.0 era were revealed in detail about the automatic paste mixing system and ERP.

  6. Alpinetin inhibits lung cancer progression and elevates sensitization drug-resistant lung cancer cells to cis-diammined dichloridoplatium

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wu L

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Lin Wu, Wei Yang, Su-ning Zhang, Ji-bin Lu Department of Thoracic Surgery, Sheng Jing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, People’s Republic of China Objective: Alpinetin is a novel flavonoid that has demonstrated potent antitumor activity in previous studies. However, the efficacy and mechanism of alpinetin in treating lung cancer have not been determined. Methods: We evaluated the impact of different doses and durations of alpinetin treatment on the cell proliferation, the apoptosis of lung cancer cells, as well as the drug-resistant lung cancer cells. Results: This study showed that the alpinetin inhibited the cell proliferation, enhanced the apoptosis, and inhibited the PI3K/Akt signaling in lung cancer cells. Moreover, alpinetin significantly increased the sensitivity of drug-resistant lung cancer cells to the chemotherapeutic effect of cis-diammined dichloridoplatium. Taken together, this study demonstrated that alpinetin significantly suppressed the development of human lung cancer possibly by influencing mitochondria and the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway and sensitized drug-resistant lung cancer cells. Conclusion: Alpinetin may be used as a potential compound for combinatorial therapy or as a complement to other chemotherapeutic agents when multiple lines of treatments have failed to reduce lung cancer. Keywords: alpinetin, cell proliferation and apoptosis, drug resistance reversal, PI3K/Akt, lung cancer

  7. Application of Heat Pump Technology in Waste Heat Recovery of Oilfield Sewage%热泵技术在回收油田污水余热资源中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    The low-grade heat energy of oilfield sewage can be recycled by heat pump technology. Part of the low-temperature heat energy can be applied in the other section needing heat in oil field, which solves the waste problem of sewage waste heat. In this article, application of the heat pump system in Daqing, Kongdian and Shengli oil fields was summarized, and the current situation of development of heat pump system and heat exchanger was discussed, which could provide certain reference for the implementation of similar energy-saving renovation project in the future.%热泵技术可以将油田污水中的低品位热能进行回收,以一小部分能量为代价,将这部分低温热能应用于油田中其他需要热的环节,解决了油田污水余热的浪费问题。总结了大庆、孔店、胜利等油田对热泵系统的应用情况,及热泵系统和换热器的发展现状,对油田今后实施同类节能改造项目具有一定的借鉴意义。

  8. Biomarkers in sarcoidosis: a review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmadzai H

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Hasib Ahmadzai,1,2 Wei Sheng Joshua Loke,1 Shuying Huang,1 Cristan Herbert,1 Denis Wakefield,3 Paul S Thomas2 1Inflammation and Infection Research Centre (IIRC, Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia; 2Department of Respiratory Medicine, Prince of Wales Hospital, Randwick, Sydney, NSW, Australia; 3Immunology of the Eye Clinic, St Vincent's Clinic, Darlinghurst, Sydney, NSW, Australia Abstract: Sarcoidosis is a systemic granulomatous disease of undetermined etiology invariably affecting the lungs and thoracic lymph nodes. It has been termed an “immune paradox”, as there is peripheral anergy despite exaggerated inflammation at disease sites. The disease is usually self-limiting, although some individuals experience unremitting inflammation that may progress into pulmonary fibrosis and death. The inflammatory process is largely a T helper-1-driven immune response. Given its heterogeneous clinical manifestations, diagnosis is usually a clinical conundrum. Clinical and radiological findings alone are often inadequate to confirm the diagnosis. At present, sarcoidosis is usually a diagnosis of exclusion, confirmed by histological evidence of noncaseating granulomas in the absence of known granulomagenic agents. This has compelled researchers to look for disease-specific biomarkers that can help diagnose sarcoidosis and delineate its disease course, severity, and prognosis. In this review we highlight various investigations used to diagnose sarcoidosis, outline proposed biomarkers, and discuss novel methods of sampling biomarkers. Keywords: sarcoidosis, biomarkers, inflammatory markers, exhaled breath condensate, proteomics, granuloma

  9. Evaluation on the “One Village One Product” Economic Development Benefit of Chengdu Shuangliu County Based on Entropy Weight TOPSIS Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiulan Sun

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The rapid economic development of Shuangliu County is closely related to its implementation of “one village one product” method. In this study, the evaluation index system that can reflect the agricultural production capacity, social service level, ecological guarantee level, farmer income level and rural economic contribution is constructed with the index decomposition method according to the winter strawberry production base in Yong’an Town, Xinxing Town and Gongxing Town, as well as three standardized production demonstration districts of fine pears, including Dalin Town, Jitian Town and Shengli Town. Economic benefit assessment is conducted for the above four professional villages with the entropy weight TOPSIS method. Eventually, it is concluded that in the four “one village one product” professional villages in Shuangliu County, the economic benefit of Yong’an Town, Xinxing Town and Gongxing Town is relatively high. It is proposed that the reinforcement of planning guidance, perfection of supporting facilities, innovation of investment financing method and increase of capital investment are the policy suggestions for the effective economic development of professional village.

  10. Breathing-controlled electrical stimulation could modify the affective component of neuropathic pain after amputation: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melton DH

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Sheng Li1,2, Danielle H Melton1, Jeffrey C Berliner11Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Texas Medical School – Houston, Houston, TX; 2UTHealth Motor Recovery Laboratory, Institute for Rehabilitation and Research, Memorial Hermann Hospital, Houston, TX, USAAbstract: In this case, a 31-year-old male suffered phantom neuropathic pain for more than 3 years after an above-the-knee amputation. His shooting phantom pain disappeared after the first session of breathing-controlled electrical stimulation, and reappeared or was triggered 28 days after an experimental error during which he received sustained electrical stimulation. In other words, painful shooting stimuli may not have been “cured” but forgotten and retriggered by a fearful event due to the experimental error. Therefore, this accidental finding provides a unique opportunity to understand sensory and affective components of neuropathic pain, and a novel intervention could modify the affective component of it.Keywords: neuropathic pain, amputation, electrical stimulation, voluntary breathing

  11. [Deciphering the argots of the names of materia medica and its dosage in the Yi lin kou pu liu zhi mi shu (A Secret Medical Book of Six Therapies in Rhymes of Medical Professionals)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Jian; Lin, Shiyi; Liu, Shijue

    2014-11-01

    Yi lin kou pu liu zhi mi shu (A Secret Medical Book of Six Therapies in Rhymes of Medical Professionals) was additionally compiled, supplemented and annotated by Zhou Sheng, a famous doctor of the Qing Dynasty, based on Yi lin kou pu (Rhymes of Medical Professionals) which was composed by Lu Qi. The book contains four volumes in total, dealing mainly with the miscellaneous diseases of internal medicine, as well as external medicine, gynecology, and pediatrics etc. The syndrome differentiation and treatment, prescriptions and medications in this book has its own characteristic with rather high academic value and practical significance. There were 20 drug names were deciphered by the argots, for instance, "you che" was the argot of golden thread, and "wu yue (May)" was the argot of medicinal evodia fruit, etc. In addition, the argots were often used to decipher numerals and quantifiers, for example, "su, qi, zi, qi, man" referring to 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 respectively, and "huo, pu, xiang, feng, lai" referring to 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 respectively, and "qing","zhong","xi" referring to qian, liang and fen respectively. Hence, deciphering of these argots could help to understand and apply these prescriptions correctly.

  12. Rock magnetic properties and palaeomagnetic results of sediments from a stone implement layer in the Bose Basin, Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Directional samples were taken to study rock magnetism and palaeomagnetic records from the Dong- sheng profile, which is 5 m thick and on the northwest edge of the Bose Basin. Mineralogy and rock magnetism of typical samples indicate that coarse granular titanomagnetite, and fine-grained hematite, superparamagnetic maghemite formed by pedogenesis are in the sediment, which has undergone many transformative processes during different stages of pedogenesis. Parallel samples were taken for thermal demagnetization (TH) (0 to 680℃) and alternating field (AF) demagnetization (0 to 80 mT) respectively. Experimental results of these two kinds of demagnetization illustrate that there are two or more magnetic components in the samples. Intensity of NRM decreases by almost 60% to 90% rapidly when the temperature ranges from 100℃ to 350℃, with a steady magnetic component. It is impossible to analyze the magnetic components at high temperature because those fluctuate widely when the temperature is higher than 400℃. Steady magnetic components from 100℃ to 350℃ indicate that the remanence was mainly carried by fine-grained hematite formed by pedogenesis, reflecting a change in the geomagnetic field while the magnetite was being oxidized into hematite by chemical weathering after deposition. The formative age of the sediments cannot be obtained by magnetic methods in this profile.

  13. Recent development in clusters of rare earths and actinides. Chemistry and materials

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zheng, Zhiping (ed.) [Arizona Univ., Tucson, AZ (United States). Dept. of Chemistry and Biochemistry

    2017-02-01

    This book contains the following eight contributions: 1. Lanthanide Hydroxide Cluster Complexes via Ligand-Controlled Hydrolysis of the Lanthanide Ions (Zhonghao Zhang, Yanan Zhang, and Zhiping Zheng); 2. Synthesis and Structures of Lanthanide-Transition Metal Clusters (Xiu-Ying Zheng, Xiang-Jian Kong, and La-Sheng Long); 3. Hydrothermal Synthesis of Lanthanide and Lanthanide-Transition-Metal Cluster Organic Frameworks via Synergistic Coordination Strategy (Jian-Wen Cheng and Guo-Yu Yang); 4. Oxo Clusters of 5f Elements (Sarah Hickam and Peter C.); 5. Construction and Luminescence Properties of 4f and d-4f Clusters with Salen-Type Schiff Base Ligands (Xiaoping Yang, Shiqing Wang, Chengri Wang, Shaoming Huang, and Richard A.); 6. 4f-Clusters for Cryogenic Magnetic Cooling (Yan-Cong Chen, Jun-Liang Liu, and Ming-Liang Tong); 7. Lanthanide Clusters Toward Single-Molecule Magnets (Tian Han, You-Song Ding, and Yan-Zhen Zheng); 8. Molecular Rare Earth Hydride Clusters (Takanori Shima and Zhaomin Hou).

  14. The Real and Fantasitic Gallery of the Rimland in Xiangxi ~-On the Reality Reflected in the Works by Shen Congwen%论侗族歌谣文化的发展困境与对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龙昭宝

    2012-01-01

    Like most of the intellectuals in China, Shen Congwen bears in his heart the responsibility for social morality and national future, as well as the desire for participating in the reconstruction of the country. Therefore, he imparted the reality of the society profoundly in his works. Since reflection of the real world is the permanent characteristic of Sheng literary creation, this paper deals with this point from the following three perspectives. Firstly, the cruel reality reflected in Shen Congwen' s early stories. Sec- ondly, the real life reflected in his novella The Long River. Thirdly, the chaotic reality he focused on in his essays written during the period of anti - Japanese War%论文在深入湘西、黔东侗族地区进行田野调查之基础上,从传播学、生态学及功能学三个纬度分析侗族歌谣文化的发展困境,提出了相应的解决措施。认为要在现代社会发展侗族歌谣文化,一是加强民族文化认同。二是培养文化自觉意识,三是政府的积极参与。

  15. YiQiFuMai powder injection ameliorates blood-brain barrier dysfunction and brain edema after focal cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury in mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cao, Guosheng; Ye, Xinyi; Xu, Yingqiong; Yin, Mingzhu; Chen, Honglin; Kou, Junping; Yu, Boyang

    2016-01-01

    YiQiFuMai powder injection (YQFM) is a modern preparation derived from the traditional Chinese medicine Sheng-Mai-San. YQFM is widely used in clinical practice in the People's Republic of China, mainly for the treatment of microcirculatory disturbance-related diseases. However, little is known about its role in animals with ischemic stroke. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of YQFM on brain edema and blood-brain barrier (BBB) dysfunction induced by cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. Male C57BL/6J mice underwent right middle cerebral artery occlusion for 1 hour with a subsequent 24-hour reperfusion to produce I/R injury. YQFM (three doses: 0.336, 0.671, and 1.342 g/kg) was then given intraperitoneally (IP). The results demonstrated that YQFM significantly decreased infarct size, improved neurological deficits, reduced brain water content, and increased cerebral blood flow after I/R injury. 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose micro-positron emission tomography imaging and hematoxylin and eosin staining results indicated that YQFM is able to ameliorate brain metabolism and histopathological damage after I/R. Moreover, YQFM administration reduced BBB leakage and upregulated the expression of zona occludens-1 (ZO-1) and occludin, which was confirmed by Evans Blue extravasation, Western blotting, and immunofluorescence assay. Our findings suggest that YQFM provides protection against focal cerebral I/R injury in mice, possibly by improving BBB dysfunction via upregulation of the expression of tight junction proteins.

  16. A DNA2 Homolog Is Required for DNA Damage Repair, Cell Cycle Regulation, and Meristem Maintenance in Plants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jia, Ning; Liu, Xiaomin; Gao, Hongbo

    2016-05-01

    Plant meristem cells divide and differentiate in a spatially and temporally regulated manner, ultimately giving rise to organs. In this study, we isolated the Arabidopsis jing he sheng 1 (jhs1) mutant, which exhibited retarded growth, an abnormal pattern of meristem cell division and differentiation, and morphological defects such as fasciation, an irregular arrangement of siliques, and short roots. We identified JHS1 as a homolog of human and yeast DNA Replication Helicase/Nuclease2, which is known to be involved in DNA replication and damage repair. JHS1 is strongly expressed in the meristem of Arabidopsis. The jhs1 mutant was sensitive to DNA damage stress and had an increased DNA damage response, including increased expression of genes involved in DNA damage repair and cell cycle regulation, and a higher frequency of homologous recombination. In the meristem of the mutant plants, cell cycle progression was delayed at the G2 or late S phase and genes essential for meristem maintenance were misregulated. These results suggest that JHS1 plays an important role in DNA replication and damage repair, meristem maintenance, and development in plants. © 2016 American Society of Plant Biologists. All Rights Reserved.

  17. Constitutive relation for nonlinear response and universality of efficiency at maximum power for tight-coupling heat engines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheng, Shiqi; Tu, Z C

    2015-02-01

    We present a unified perspective on nonequilibrium heat engines by generalizing nonlinear irreversible thermodynamics. For tight-coupling heat engines, a generic constitutive relation for nonlinear response accurate up to the quadratic order is derived from the stalling condition and the symmetry argument. By applying this generic nonlinear constitutive relation to finite-time thermodynamics, we obtain the necessary and sufficient condition for the universality of efficiency at maximum power, which states that a tight-coupling heat engine takes the universal efficiency at maximum power up to the quadratic order if and only if either the engine symmetrically interacts with two heat reservoirs or the elementary thermal energy flowing through the engine matches the characteristic energy of the engine. Hence we solve the following paradox: On the one hand, the quadratic term in the universal efficiency at maximum power for tight-coupling heat engines turned out to be a consequence of symmetry [Esposito, Lindenberg, and Van den Broeck, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 130602 (2009); Sheng and Tu, Phys. Rev. E 89, 012129 (2014)]; On the other hand, typical heat engines such as the Curzon-Ahlborn endoreversible heat engine [Curzon and Ahlborn, Am. J. Phys. 43, 22 (1975)] and the Feynman ratchet [Tu, J. Phys. A 41, 312003 (2008)] recover the universal efficiency at maximum power regardless of any symmetry.

  18. 小猴上学

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汝木

    2002-01-01

    xiao hou pi pi shi yi nian ji xin sheng jin tian tou yi hui shang 小猴皮皮是一年级新生,今天头一回上xue fang xue hou yi jin jia men xian hou jiu pu jin ma ma de huai学。放学后一进家门,小猴就扑进妈妈的怀li wei qu de shuo ma ma ma ma wo bu shang xue wo yao里委屈的说:“妈妈,妈妈,我不上学了,我要hui you er yuan hou ma ma xia huai le ji mang wen guai bao回幼儿园!”猴妈妈吓坏了,急忙问:“乖宝bao kuai gao su ma ma shi bu shi jin tian zai xue xiao shou le wei宝,快告诉妈妈,是不是今天在学校受了委qu ya屈呀?”

  19. 水稻应用“易浇壮”液体壮秧剂试验探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏延雪; 麻海春

    2016-01-01

    水稻壮秧剂在市场上种类繁多,作用不一,2010年八五九农场水稻田应用了黑龙江爱禾农药有限公司生产的“易浇壮”壮秧剂。苗期应用了该产品的液体型壮秧剂,本田在有效穗数、实粒数、结实率等方面均较对照有改所善。%The strong paddy rice seedling agent has mounted a great variety in the marketplace , the effect has dif-fered , the sheng li farm rice field has applied the agent "easy to irrigate the strong " strong seedling that Heilongjiang love standing grain pesticide Ltd. produces in 2010. That seedling stage has applied the liquid type being a product's turn to the effective ear number , true aspect such as number , fructification rate strengthening the seedling agent , Hon-da is kinder than contrasting having changing an institute equally.

  20. Internal mammary sentinel lymph node biopsy: abandon or persist?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qiu PF

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Peng-Fei Qiu, Yan-Bing Liu, Yong-Sheng Wang Breast Cancer Center, Shandong Cancer Hospital and Institute, Jinan, Shandong, People’s Republic of China Abstract: Although the 2009 American Joint Committee on Cancer incorporated the internal mammary sentinel lymph node biopsy (IM-SLNB concept, there has been little change in surgical practice patterns due to the low visualization rate of internal mammary sentinel lymph nodes with the traditional injection technique. Meanwhile, as internal mammary lymph nodes (IMLN metastases are mostly found concomitantly with axillary lymph nodes (ALN metastases, previous IM-SLNB clinical trials fail to evaluate the status of IMLN in patients who are really in need (only in clinically ALN negative patients. Our modified injection technique (periareolar intraparenchymal, high volume, and ultrasonographic guidance significantly improved the visualization rate of internal mammary sentinel lymph nodes, making the routine IM-SLNB possible in daily practice. IM-SLNB could provide individual minimally invasive staging, prognosis, and decision-making for breast cancer patients, especially for patients with clinically positive ALN. Moreover, IMLN radiotherapy should be tailored and balanced between the potential benefit and toxicity, and IM-SLNB-guided IMLN radiotherapy could achieve this goal. In the era of effective adjuvant therapy, within the changing treatment approach – more systemic therapy, less loco-regional therapy – clinicians should deliberate the application of regional IMLN therapy. Keywords: breast cancer, internal mammary lymph node, axillary lymph node, sentinel lymph node biopsy 

  1. Combining Solvent Extraction and Bioremediation for Removing Weathered Petroleum from Contaminated Soil

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WU Guo-Zhong; F.COULON; YANG Yue-Wei; LI Hong; SUI Hong

    2013-01-01

    This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy,practicality and sustainability of a combined approach based on solvent extraction and biodegradation to remediate the soils contaminated with high levels of weathered petroleum hydrocarbons.The soils used in this study were obtained from the Shengli Oilfield in China,which had a long history of contamination with high concentrations of petroleum hydrocarbons.The contaminated soils were washed using a composite organic solvent consisting of hexane and pentane (4:1,v/v) and then bioremediated in microcosms which were bioaugmentated with Bacillus subtilis FQ06 strains and/or rhamnolipid.The optimal solvent extraction conditions were determined as extraction for 20 min at 25 ℃ with solvent-soil ratio of 6:1 (v/w).On this basis,total petroleum hydrocarbon was decreased from 140000 to 14000 mg kg-1,which was further reduced to < 4000 mg kg-1 by subsequent bioremediation for 132 d.Sustainability assessment of this integrated technology showed its good performance for both short-and long-term effectiveness.Overall the results encouraged its application for remediating contaminated sites especially with high concentration weathered hydrocarbons.

  2. 活力四射的乡村之约--观《我和三甲有个约定》%An Energetic Date with the Village---On I Have a Date with San j ia Village

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周翔

    2014-01-01

    从心灵之约、乡情之约、文化之约、传统之约等四个方面论述了以沈洋为队长的一支新农村工作队在昭阳区三甲村的所作所为,表现了工作队融入乡村干实事的方方面面。对促进新农村建设、“四群”教育活动、新农村指导员工作,都将起到促进作用。%Focused on the date with the soul ,with the strong countryside affection ,with the culture and with the tra-dition ,this paper reviews the works done the substantial benefit brought to Sanjia village by a work team of new country-side construction led by Sheng Yang .It will be conductive to promote the building of a new countryside and the“Four Groups’ Educational Campaign”as well as the work new countryside’s instructors .

  3. Prescription Pattern of Chinese Herbal Products for Diabetes Mellitus in Taiwan: A Population-Based Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chung-Yu Huang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM, when given as a therapy for symptom relief, has gained widespread popularity among diabetic patients. The aim of this study is to analyze the utilization of TCM among type 2 diabetic patients in Taiwan. Methods. The use of TCM for type 2 diabetic patients were evaluated using a randomly sampled cohort of 1,000,000 beneficiaries recruited from the National Health Insurance Research Database. Results. Overall, 77.9% (n=31,289 of type 2 diabetic patients utilized TCM and 13.9% (n=4,351 of them used TCM for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Among the top ten most frequently prescribed herbal formulae, four remedies, Zhi-Bo-Di-Huang-Wan, Qi-Ju-Di-Huang-Wan, Ji-Sheng-Shen-Qi-Wan and Ba-Wei-Di-Huang-Wan are derivative formulae of Liu-Wei-Di-Huang-Wan. In other words, Liu-Wei-Di-Huang-Wan and its derivatives were found to be the most common herbal formulae prescribed by TCM doctors for the treatment of diabetes in Taiwan. Conclusion. Although some evidence does support the use TCM to treat diabetes, the results from the current study may have been confounded by placebo effect, which emphasize the need for well conducted, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled studies in order to further evaluate the efficacy of Liu-Wei-Di-Huang-Wan on patients with type 2 diabetes.

  4. 自钻式锚杆在深基坑支护中的应用%Technical Study on Application of Self-drilling Bolts in Deep Foundation Excavation Support

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戚瑞安

    2014-01-01

    桩锚支护是近年来新兴的深基坑支护方式,但常规锚杆在饱和软土地区施工中效果不佳。结合胜利油田中心医院综合病房楼基坑支护工程,提出一种适合特殊地质特点的自钻式锚杆施工技术,研究了其施工工艺、操作要点,探讨了监测方式,该工艺实施效果显著,技术先进可行,在多项工程中获得推广应用。%Pile-anchor support is a rising deep excavation support pattern in recent years, but the conventional pile-anchor does not work well in the areas of saturated soft soil. Illustrated by foundation excavation supports of comprehensive inpatient building of Central Hospital of Shengli Oilfield, this paper puts forward a new construction technique of applying self-drilling bolts in special geologic condition with a study on its technology and operating instructions and a further discussion on testing method. This technique is advance, effective and practical and has been applied and promoted in many projects.

  5. Simultaneous Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis of Multiple Chemical Constituents in YiQiFuMai Injection by Ultra-Fast Liquid Chromatography Coupled with Ion Trap Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Chunhua; Ju, Aichun; Zhou, Dazheng; Li, Dekun; Kou, Junping; Yu, Boyang; Qi, Jin

    2016-05-18

    YiQiFuMai injection (YQFM) is a modern lyophilized powder preparation derived from the traditional Chinese medicine Sheng-mai san (SMS) used for treating cardiovascular diseases, such as chronic heart failure. However, its chemical composition has not been fully elucidated, particularly for the preparation derived from Ophiopogon japonicus. This study aimed to establish a systematic and reliable method to quickly and simultaneously analyze the chemical constituents in YQFM by ultra-fast liquid chromatography coupled with ion trap time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UFLC-IT-TOF/MS). Sixty-five compounds in YQFM were tentatively identified by comparison with reference substances or literature data. Furthermore, twenty-one compounds, including three ophiopogonins, fifteen ginsenosides and three lignans were quantified by UFLC-IT-TOF/MS. Notably, this is the first determination of steroidal saponins from O. japonicus in YQFM. The relative standard deviations (RSDs) of intra- and inter-day precision, reproducibility and stability were analysis of ten batches of YQFM. The developed approach can provide useful and comprehensive information for quality control, further mechanistic studies in vivo and clinical application of YQFM.

  6. Identification of schisandrin as a vascular endothelium protective component in YiQiFuMai Powder Injection using HUVECs binding and HPLC-DAD-Q-TOF-MS/MS analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Fang; Tan, Yi-Sha; Chen, Hong-Lin; Yan, Yan; Zhai, Ke-Feng; Li, Da-Peng; Kou, Jun-Ping; Yu, Bo-Yang

    2015-09-01

    YiQiFuMai Powder Injection (YQFM) is a re-developed preparation based on the well-known traditional Chinese medicine formula Sheng-mai-san. It has been widely used for the treatment of cardiovascular disease with definite clinical efficacy in China, but its bioactive molecules remain obscure. In this study, an effective method has been employed as a tool for screening active components in YQFM, using human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) extraction and liquid chromatography coupled with electrospray ionization quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (Q-TOF MS/MS). Nine compounds, which could interact with HUVECs, were identified as ginsenosides Rb1, Rc, Rb2, Rd, 20(S)-Rg3, 20(R)-Rg3, Rk1/Rg5 and schisandrin by comparing with reference substances or literature. In vitro assays showed that schisandrin at concentrations of 10-100 μM protected HUVECs from hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) injury, increased cell viability, nitric oxide (NO) content and decreased lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) leakage, malonaldehyde (MDA) content and ROS generation. Moreover, schisandrin pretreatment inhibited cell apoptosis, as evidenced by inhibiting activation of caspase-3 and increasing the Bcl-2/Bax ratio. These data indicate that HUVECs biospecific extraction coupled with HPLC-ESI-Q-TOF-MS/MS analysis is a reliable method for screening potential bioactive components from traditional Chinese medicines. Meanwhile, the vascular endothelium protective property of schisandrin might be beneficial for the treatment of cardiovascular disease.

  7. 论萧红散文的艺术风格%A Study of Artistic Style in Xiao Hong's Prose

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    易丽华

    2012-01-01

    萧红是中国现代文学史上一位优秀的小说家,同时也是一位天才的散文家。曾给她的小说《生死场》以高度评价的鲁迅,就格外看重她的散文,曾说她在散文创作方面比谁都更有前途。萧红的散文总有一种寂寞气息淡淡地逸出,她的散文语言是"明丽和新鲜"的,这些都是萧红散文艺术风格的重要体现。%Xiao Hong was an excellent novelist in Chinese modern literature history,and a genius writer.Lu Xun,who had put a premium on her novel Sheng Si Chang,valued all her prose and once said she showed great promise in writing prose than anybody.Her prose always escapes a lonely feeling lightly and slowly,and her prose language is "bright and fresh",these elements mainly reflect the Artistic Style in her prose.

  8. A New Method to Evaluate Rock Mass Brittleness Based on Stress-Strain Curves of Class I

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xia, Y. J.; Li, L. C.; Tang, C. A.; Li, X. Y.; Ma, S.; Li, M.

    2017-05-01

    Brittleness is a key controlling parameter for rock engineering projects such as hydrocarbon production and other applications. In this paper, commonly used methods based on stress-strain curves of Class I for the calculation of rock brittleness are reviewed. In order to describe the rock brittleness more reasonable, the new index B i was proposed based on the stress drop rate obtained from post-peak stress-strain curve and the ratio of elastic energy released during failure to the total energy stored before the peak strength. Then the validity of B i is verified with experimental tests conducted on rock specimens drilled from the interlayer and oil layer through a well of Shengli Oilfield. Moreover, numerical simulation is performed to analyze the effects of primary mechanical parameters on the brittleness of rock masses. Based on experimental tests and numerical simulation results, the acoustic emission modes influenced by brittleness index B i are summarized. At last, correlation between acoustic emission mechanism and index B i is verified by comparing the acoustic emission modes of limestone under different levels of confining pressure and various types of coal.

  9. Neutron Generation by Laser-Driven Spherically Convergent Plasma Fusion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ren, G.; Yan, J.; Liu, J.; Lan, K.; Chen, Y. H.; Huo, W. Y.; Fan, Z.; Zhang, X.; Zheng, J.; Chen, Z.; Jiang, W.; Chen, L.; Tang, Q.; Yuan, Z.; Wang, F.; Jiang, S.; Ding, Y.; Zhang, W.; He, X. T.

    2017-04-01

    We investigate a new laser-driven spherically convergent plasma fusion scheme (SCPF) that can produce thermonuclear neutrons stably and efficiently. In the SCPF scheme, laser beams of nanosecond pulse duration and 1 014- 1 015 W /cm2 intensity uniformly irradiate the fuel layer lined inside a spherical hohlraum. The fuel layer is ablated and heated to expand inwards. Eventually, the hot fuel plasmas converge, collide, merge, and stagnate at the central region, converting most of their kinetic energy to internal energy, forming a thermonuclear fusion fireball. With the assumptions of steady ablation and adiabatic expansion, we theoretically predict the neutron yield Yn to be related to the laser energy EL, the hohlraum radius Rh, and the pulse duration τ through a scaling law of Yn∝(EL/Rh1.2τ0.2 )2.5. We have done experiments at the ShengGuangIII-prototype facility to demonstrate the principle of the SCPF scheme. Some important implications are discussed.

  10. «全宋文»所收大晟府文献斠正%Textual Research on the DSMM’s Document of The Complete Proses of the Song Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张春义

    2015-01-01

    It is definitely ineluctable that the document of Da - Sheng Musical Ministry (DSMM)of the Complete Proses in Song Dynasty (CPSD),has various errors due to the lack of revising for the articles,which had been collected from the original materials.By tracing the origins of relevant records in Song Dynasty,this paper points out six errors of CPSD’s date about the DSMM’s historical materials,thoughtlessly collected by the editors,without the revising’s work,for which these errors was transferred from the original materials to the CPSD.%«全宋文»所收大晟府文献,多据原始资料辑录,未经仔细校勘。经考证,发现«全宋文»所据原始资料有6个主要为时间方面的讹误,辑录者照录而未细校,其误又移于«全宋文»中,现略作校订。

  11. 胡绳史料学思想初探%Preliminary Study on Hu Sheng' s Thoughts of Historical Materials

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡现岭

    2012-01-01

    Hu Sheng was critical to the historians who were good at historical materials,arguing that their work was only the initial stage of historical research.This attitude didn' t mean that he ignored the important role of historical materials.He pointed out that we should guide historical materials by Marxism and historical data should service views;In addition,when carrying out the work of historical materials,we should estimate its value at the same time.%胡绳对以史料见长的史家一贯持批评态度,认为他们的工作只是停留在史学研究的初始阶段,但这并不表明他不重视史料在史学研究中的作用,而是提出以马克思主义来指导史料工作,在对史料进行考证的同时对其价值的高低做出评判,强调史料要为观点服务。

  12. Thinking of the Theory of Ecological Civilization and the Development of the Immigrants in the Qing Dynasty in Southern Shanxi%生态文明与清代移民开发陕南的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈卓

    2014-01-01

    以清代各省移民流徙陕南的概况、原因研究入手,从人口对经济社会发展的作用、自然生态与经济活动的协调等探析清代移民开发陕南的历史价值、影响作用以及由于人口过度增加和大规模的掠夺性的开发而引起生态灾变,导致该地区发展由盛而衰的历史代价。进而认识要保持陕南可持续发展,实现生态文明建设的重要性。%This paper takes the provinces of Southern migration migration of population, causes, from the economic and social development of the role of nature, ecological and economic activities and coordination of the immigrants in the Qing Dynasty the development of the historical value, influence, and as a result of the development of predatory excessive population growth and large scale caused ecological disaster. In the area of development failure by the Sheng and the historical cost. Then know to keep the sustainable development, realize the importance of ecological civilization construction.

  13. Synthesis and mesomorphic properties of bent-shaped molecule with low bent-angle central core and long alkylthio tail

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiao Dong Li; Mao Sheng Zhan; Kai Wang

    2011-01-01

    Two homologous series of bent-shaped molecules composed of low bent-angle naphthalene central core and long alkoxy tail or alkylthio tail, N(1,7)-n-OPIMB and W(1,7)-n-SPIMB (n = 20, 22), respectively, were synthesized. The mesomorphic properties were investigated by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), polarizing optical microscopy (POM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Compared to the direct transition from the isotropic phase to the chiral B4 phase examined in N(1,7)-n-OPIMB, N(1,7)-n-SPIMB exhibited a rare Iso-Ncol-Colh-B4 phase sequence. The combination of the asymmetric low bent-angle 1,7-naphathalene central core and the flexible long alkylthio tail is considered to play an important role in the formation of such a novel phase sequence. (c) 2011 Mao Sheng Zhan. Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of Chinese Chemical Society. All rights reserved.

  14. Effect of Seed Coating on Seedling Emergence of Direct Sowing Rice%种衣剂对旱直播水稻出苗的影响研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马洪文; 张骞; 李安金; 殷延勃

    2012-01-01

    The result of the experiment of the effect of different seed coating on seedling emergence of direct sowing rice shows that under the cultivation condition of rice direct sowing the effects of various seed coating on rice seed germination and seedling emergence are significant. The effects of the treatments of "Light Shield" with a seed coating: seed ratio of 1 : 250, "Rui Sheng" with a seed coating: seed ratio of 1 : 100 and "Bei Nong" with a seed coating: seed ratio of 1 : 50 are all significant on promoting seedling emergence and ensuring seedling .survival.%对不同种衣剂对直播水稻出苗的影响试验结果表明:水稻旱直播栽培模式下,各种衣剂处理对水稻种子发芽、出苗影响效果显著;亮盾药种比1:250、锐胜药种比1:100、北农1:50包衣处理,对提高水稻出苗、保苗效果显著。

  15. Migration, speciation and distribution of heavy metals in an oil-polluted soil affected by crude oil extraction processes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Xiaowen; Cui, Zhaojie; Zang, Guolong

    2014-07-01

    Heavy metals are among the major pollutants in the worldwide soil environment. In oilfields, the crude oil extraction process results in the simultaneous contamination of the soil with petroleum and heavy metals. In this work, we investigated the influence of oil extraction on the migration, speciation, and temporal distribution of heavy metals (Cu, Zn, Pb, Cd, Cr, Mn, Ni, V, and Mn) in soils of an oil region of Shengli Oilfield, China. The results showed that oil-polluted soils were contaminated with Cu, Zn, Cd and Ni, with mean concentrations of 27.63, 67.12, 0.185 and 33.80 mg kg(-1), respectively (greater than the background values of local surface soils). Compared with the control profile, the vertical distributions of Cu, Zn, Pb, Cd, Ni, and V were affected in oil-polluted soils, particularly those of Cd and Ni. The concentrations of Zn, Cd, Ni, V, and Mn in oil-polluted soils increased with the duration of oil well development, which indicated the levels of these metals in the oil field were enhanced by human activities. Fractionation analysis revealed that the mobility potential of heavy metals in oil polluted soil decreased in the sequence Cd > Mn > Zn > Ni > Pb > Cu > Cr > V. The most important proportion of Cd is ion exchangeable and acid soluble, which indicates that Cd is the most labile, available, and harmful heavy metal among the elements that damage the soil environment in oil-polluted soil.

  16. Distribution and evolution of isoprenoid in crude oil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shanfa, F.; Shanchun, J.; Fenfang, X.

    1981-12-01

    By means of chromatography-mass spectrography and gas chromatography, isoprenoids (i15-i20) have been identified in 49 crude oil samples and 3 rock samples from oil fields in Shengli, Huabei, Subei, Dagang, Liaohe and Daqing and also from Sichuan, Gueizhou etc. The relative contents, in percentage of phytane (Ph), pristane (Pr), norpristane (i18), 2.6.10-trimethyl-tridecane (i16) and farnesane (i15) are determined, as well as the ratios of Pr/Ph, Pr/nC/sub 17/, Ph/nC/sub 18/ and i18 + i16 + i15/Ph + Pr. The curves of the relative contents of Ph, Pr, i18, i16 and i15 may show the character of different oils, useful for correlation purposes. The evolution of isoprenoids in crude oils is divided into sub-mature stage (Pr/Ph < 0.8, i18 + i16 + i15/Ph + Pr = 0.2 - 0.5); mature stage (Pr/Ph > 0.8, i18 + i16 + i15/Ph + Pr = 0.3 - 0.6) and highly mature stage (Pr/Ph > 1.0, i18 + i16 + i15/Ph + Pr > 0.6). 4 figures, 5 tables.

  17. Synthesis and application of magnetic chitosan nanoparticles in oilfield

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lian, Qi; Zheng, Xuefang

    2016-01-01

    The novel magnetic Co0.5Mn0.5Fe2O4-chitosan nanoparticles has the advantage of excellent biodegradation and a high level of controllability. The Co0.5Mn0.5Fe2O4-chitosan nanoparticles was prepared successfully. The size of the Co0.5Mn0.5Fe2O4-chitosan nanoparticles were all below 100 nm. The saturated magnetization of the Co0.5Mn0.5Fe2O4-chitosan nanoparticles could reach 80 emu/g and showed the characteristics of superparamagnetism at the same time. The image of TEM and SEM electron microscopy showed that the cubic-shape magnetic Co0.5Mn0.5Fe2O4 particles were encapsulated by the spherical chitosan nanoparticles. The evaluation on the interfacial properties of the product showed that the interfacial tension between crude oil and water could be reduce to ultra-low values as low as 10-3 mN/m when the magnetic Co0.5Mn0.5Fe2O4-chitosan nanoparticle was used in several blocks in Shengli Oilfield without other additives. Meanwhile, the magnetic Co0.5Mn0.5Fe2O4-chitosan nanoparticles possessed good salt-resisting capacity.

  18. 晚明时代“脑主记忆”说的源流与传播%Origin and Spread of "Brain Memory" Theory in Latter Ming Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨奕望; 李明; 胡蓉; 陈丽云

    2013-01-01

    In the late Ming Dynasty,Italian Jesuit Matteo Ricci came to China to preach. Treatise on Mnemonic Art was composed by him in Chinese. Matteo Ricci proposed the view,which brain pouch contained the chamber to record,advocated the theory of "Brain Memory". But in Chinese culture,it had been considered that heart was the master of memory,namely "Heart Mind". In the next few decades after the book written,along with the increasingly close contacting with foreign missionaries, the Confucian scholar in latter Ming dynasty, such as JinSheng and Fang Yi-zhi,gradually accepted "Brain Memory". And the viewpoint was inherited and spread.%明末意大利耶稣会士利玛窦入华传教,用中文所著《西国记法》,提出“脑囊为记含之室”,推崇西方“脑主记忆”说.而我国文化历来主张“心主神明”,认为“心是记忆的主宰”.《西国记法》成书后的数十年里,随着与外国传教士接触日益密切,金声、方以智等晚明士人,逐渐接纳“脑主记忆”的观点,并使之流传、发展.

  19. Curcumin protects against myocardial infarction-induced cardiac fibrosis via SIRT1 activation in vivo and in vitro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiao J

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Jie Xiao, Xi Sheng, Xinyu Zhang, Mengqi Guo, Xiaoping JiKey Laboratory of Cardiovascular Remodeling and Function Research, Chinese Ministry of Education and Chinese Ministry of Health, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, People’s Republic of ChinaAbstract: Curcumin, a polyphenolic compound derived from turmeric, protects against myocardial injury by alleviating oxidative stress, inflammation, apoptosis, and fibrosis. However, the role of curcumin and its mechanism of action on interstitial fibrosis after myocardial infarction (MI are poorly understood. To clarify, MI was induced by a permanent ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery in adult mice, and the effects of curcumin were evaluated 4 weeks after the MI event. In vitro, we treated cardiac fibroblasts (CFs with Ang II, and investigated the anti-fibrotic mechanism of curcumin. Our results showed that curcumin significantly attenuated collagen deposition in vivo and inhibited CF proliferation and migration, and MMP expression. In addition, we found that the down-regulation of SIRT1 after MI was attenuated by curcumin pretreatment, which indicated that the activation of SIRT1 might be involved in the protective action of curcumin. This hypothesis was confirmed by genetic inhibition of SIRT1 (siRNA-SIRT1 in Ang II-treated CFs. Our results provide new insights into the mechanism underlying the anti-fibrotic effects of curcumin in the heart.Keywords: curcumin, myocardial infarction, angiotensin II, cardiac fibroblasts, fibrosis, SIRT1

  20. Sustained release of vancomycin from novel biodegradable nanofiber-loaded vascular prosthetic grafts: in vitro and in vivo study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liu KS

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Kuo-Sheng Liu,1 Cheng-Hung Lee,2 Yi-Chuan Wang,3 Shih-Jung Liu3 1Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, Taiwan; 2Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, Taiwan; 3Department of Mechanical Engineering, Chang Gung University, Tao-Yuan, Taiwan Abstract: This study describes novel biodegradable, drug-eluting nanofiber-loaded vascular prosthetic grafts that provide local and sustained delivery of vancomycin to surrounding tissues. Biodegradable nanofibers were prepared by first dissolving poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide and vancomycin in 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoro-2-propanol. The solution was then electrospun into nanofibers onto the surface of vascular prostheses. The in vitro release rates of the pharmaceutical from the nanofiber-loaded prostheses was characterized using an elution method and a high-performance liquid chromatography assay. Experimental results indicated that the drug-eluting prosthetic grafts released high concentrations of vancomycin in vitro (well above the minimum inhibitory concentration for more than 30 days. In addition, the in vivo release behavior of the drug-eluting grafts implanted in the subcutaneous pocket of rabbits was also documented. The drug-eluting grafts developed in this work have potential applications in assisting the treatment of vascular prosthesis infection and resisting reinfection when an infected graft is to be exchanged. Keywords: drug-eluting prosthetic graft, vascular prosthesis infection, release characteristics

  1. 陈胜出身及有关问题的考辨%Chen Sheng' s Origin and Some Relevant Problems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张天社

    2012-01-01

    Misunderstandings arose that Chen Sheng had a noble birth, was once a head of the 900 civil- ian workers, not an ordinary farmer, but a powerful bully, etc.. However, analysis was made of "a ten- ant farmer", "frontier soldier", " capital punishment for delay", "a head of the stationary troops", "nicknamed She", and other historical documents, the so - called new findings are fabricated and devia- ted from the facts.%有人误读历史文献,得出陈胜"出身是相当高贵的","当上900民工的屯长","不是一般的庄稼人","是地方上的豪强"等新结论。但通过对"为人佣耕"、"闾左適戍"、"失期当斩"、"屯长职爵"、"陈胜字涉"的考辨和对历史文献的解析,揭破了这些"新结论"的虚妄和与历史事实的背离。

  2. Remediation of petroleum contaminated soils by joint action of Pharbitis nil L. and its microbial community.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Zhineng; Zhou, Qixing; Peng, Shengwei; Cai, Zhang

    2010-10-15

    The plot-culture experiments were conducted for examining the feasibility of Pharbitis nil L. and its microbial community to remedy petroleum contaminated soils. The petroleum contaminated soil, containing 10% (w/w) of the total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPHs), was collected from the Shengli Oil Field, Dongying City, Shandong Province, China. The collected soil was applied and diluted to a series of petroleum contaminated soils (0.5%, 1.0%, 2.0% and 4.0%). Root length, microbial populations and numbers in the rhizosphere were also measured in this work. The results showed that there was significantly (premediation plants, there was a much higher removal of saturated hydrocarbon compared with other components. The biomass of P. nil L. did not decrease significantly when the concentration of petroleum hydrocarbons in soil was ≤2.0%. The trends of microbial populations and numbers in the rhizosphere were similar to the biomass changes, with the exception that fungi at 0.5% petroleum contaminated soil had the largest microbial populations and numbers. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  3. [Compositions and residual properties of petroleum hydrocarbon in contaminated soil of the oilfields].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Di; Li, Chuan; Dong, Qian-Qian; Li, Li-Ming; Li, Guang-He

    2014-01-01

    The aims of this study were to determine the compositions and residual properties of petroleum hydrocarbon in soil, as well as to identify the source and weathering degree of the pollution. A total of 5 producing wells in Gudao and Hekou oil producing region of Shengli oilfields were analyzed. More than 50 individual target compounds including straight-and branched-chain alkanes( n-alkanes, pristine and phytane) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in soil samples and crude oil were determined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The percentages of chain alkanes and PAHs in total solvent extractable matters(TSEM) of soil samples were both much lower than those in the crude oil samples. The compositions of petroleum hydrocarbon in soil samples differed from those in crude oil, which indicated the n-alkanes with carbon numbers oil contaminated soils, the relationship between the index and petroleum hydrocarbon compounds was analyzed using principal component analysis (PCA). The results showed that the n-alkanes with carbon numbers > 33 and the PAHs with rings between 3 and 5 were much harder to degrade. PCA of 4 indexes for source identification revealed more than 50% of the soil samples were polluted by crude oil, which needs more attention during remediation.

  4. 《老人与海》与《这是一片神奇土地》悲剧风格之比较%The comparison of the tragic style between The old man THE OLD MAN AND THE SEA and THIS IS A MAGICAL LAND

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姬彦红

    2013-01-01

      History surprisingly resembles one another ."The Old Man"and the Sea"is written by Hemingway and "This is a Piece of Miracle Land"is written by LiangXiaoSheng .They were written in different time and space .But they have the same feathers: The author and the men of the works areall lonely , but they don't give in and choose the challenge acetively .They want to realize their value in the course of the challenge , but they find the failure adds more tragedy to their life .%  历史有惊人相似之处。《老人与海》和《这是一片神奇的土地》是海明威、梁晓声在不同时空创作的作品,但却有异曲同工之妙,作者及作品人物都经受孤独而又不屈服,并主动选择挑战,在挑战过程中实现生命的价值;但故事失败的结局又给他们的生命抹上浓浓悲剧色彩。

  5. Global localization of in-pipe robot based on ultra-long wave antenna array and global position system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qi Haiming; Zhang Xiaohua; Chen Hongjun; Sun Dongchang; Sun Yongtai

    2009-01-01

    A global localization system of in-pipe robot is introduced in this paper. Global position system (GPS) is applied to monitor the motion of robot along the whole pipeline which is equally divided into many segments by tracking stations. The definite segment in which robot existing can be detected and this is long-range localization. Ultra-long wave (ULW) is adopted to solve the problem of metallic shielding and realize effective communication between inside and outside of pipeline. ULW emitter is carried by robot. When the plant is broken or defects on pipe-wall are inspected, the robot will stop moving. Antenna array is presented and disposed upon the definite segment to search the accurate location of robot, and this is short-range localization. In this paper, five-antenna array is adopted and an effective linear signal fusion algorithm is presented. The localization precision reaches R<25cm. By tests in Shengli oil field, the whole system is verified with robust solutions.

  6. Biodegradation of heavy oils by halophilic bacterium

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ruixia Hao; Anhuai Lu

    2009-01-01

    A halophilic bacterial strain TM-1 was isolated from the reservoir of the Shengli oil field in East China. Strain TM-1, which was found to be able to degrade crude oils, is a gram-positive non-motile bacterium with a coccus shape that can grow at temperatures of up to 58 ℃ and in 18% NaCl solution. Depending on the culture conditions, the organism may occur in tetrads. In addition, strain TM-1 pro-duced acid from glucose without gas formation and was catalase-negative. Furthermore, strain TM-I was found to be a facultative aer-obe capable of growth under anaerobic conditions. Moreover, it produced butylated hydroxytoluene, 1,2-benzenedicarboxylic acid-bis ester and dibutyl phthalate and could use different organic substrates. Laboratory studies indicated that strain TM-1 affected different heavy oils by degrading various components and by changing the chemical properties of the oils. In addition, growth of the bacterium in heavy oils resulted in the loss of aromatic hydrocarbons, resins and asphaltenes, and enrichment with light hydrocarbons and an overall redistribution of these hydrocarbons.

  7. Application of 3D Fine Geologic Modeling to the Construction of the Underground Natural Gas Storage%三维精细地质建模技术在储气库建设中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史军

    2011-01-01

    The capacity,effectively working gas volume and peak shaving capability of the underground natural gas storage are the important index in the design of underground natural gas storage,in which the capacity is the basis of other important index of underground natural gas storage and an important factor to design engineer.The calculation of capacity of underground natural gas storage is very critical,which plays an important role not only in the construction of underground natural gas storage,but also in the upstream natural gas development and downstream natural gas demand.In the study of underground natural gas storage of ES3 gas reservoir of Yong 21 block in Shengli oil field,based on the comprehensive analysis of drilling,seismic and logging data,the 3D fine geological model and the calculation of capacity are established with the 3D visual function module and integrated exploratory development module in Petrel software,which supplies a very firm base for the comprehensive evaluation of Yong 21 underground natural gas storage.%在综合分析钻井、地震、测井等资料的基础上,利用Petrel软件的三维可视化和勘探开发一体化功能模块,建立接近油藏实际地质特征的全三维精细地质模型,并进行库容量计算。

  8. Nanotheranostics – a review of recent publications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang LS

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Li-Sheng Wang, Min-Chieh Chuang, Ja-an Annie HoDepartment of Biochemical Science and Technology, National Taiwan University, Taipei, TaiwanAbstract: Theranostics is referred to as a treatment strategy that combines therapeutics with diagnostics, aiming to monitor the response to treatment and increase drug efficacy and safety, which would be a key part of personalized medicine and require considerable advances in predictive medicine. Theranostics associates with both a diagnosis that tests patients for possible reactions to taking new medication and targeted drug delivery based on the test results. Emerging nanotechnology provides a great deal of opportunity to design and develop such combination agents, permitting the delivery of therapeutics and concurrently allowing the detection modality to be used not only before or after but also throughout the entire treatment regimen. The introduction of nanotheranostics into routine health care has still a long way to go, since evaluations on cytotoxicity, genotoxicity, and immunotoxicity of prospective nanotheranostics, demonstration of cost-effectiveness, and availability of appropriate accessible testing systems are still required. An extensive review, from a chemistry point of view, of the recent development of nanotheranostics and its in vitro and in vivo applications are herein presented.Keywords: theranostics, therapeutics, diagnostics, nanomaterial

  9. Zr-ZrO sub 2 cermet solar coatings designed by modelling calculations and deposited by dc magnetron sputtering

    CERN Document Server

    Zhang Qi Chu; Lee, K D; Shen, Y G

    2003-01-01

    High solar performance Zr-ZrO sub 2 cermet solar coatings were designed using a numerical computer model and deposited experimentally. The layer thickness and Zr metal volume fraction for the Zr-ZrO sub 2 cermet solar selective coatings on a Zr or Al reflector with a surface ZrO sub 2 or Al sub 2 O sub 3 anti-reflection layer were optimized to achieve maximum photo-thermal conversion efficiency at 80 deg. C under concentration factors of 1-20 using the downhill simplex method in multi-dimensions in the numerical calculation. The dielectric function and the complex refractive index of Zr-ZrO sub 2 cermet materials were calculated using Sheng's approximation. Optimization calculations show that Al sub 2 O sub 3 /Zr-ZrO sub 2 /Al solar coatings with two cermet layers and three cermet layers have nearly identical solar absorptance, emittance and photo-thermal conversion efficiency that are much better than those for films with one cermet layer. The optimized Al sub 2 O sub 3 /Zr-ZrO sub 2 /Al solar coating film w...

  10. Simultaneous Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis of Multiple Chemical Constituents in YiQiFuMai Injection by Ultra-Fast Liquid Chromatography Coupled with Ion Trap Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chunhua Liu

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available YiQiFuMai injection (YQFM is a modern lyophilized powder preparation derived from the traditional Chinese medicine Sheng-mai san (SMS used for treating cardiovascular diseases, such as chronic heart failure. However, its chemical composition has not been fully elucidated, particularly for the preparation derived from Ophiopogon japonicus. This study aimed to establish a systematic and reliable method to quickly and simultaneously analyze the chemical constituents in YQFM by ultra-fast liquid chromatography coupled with ion trap time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UFLC-IT-TOF/MS. Sixty-five compounds in YQFM were tentatively identified by comparison with reference substances or literature data. Furthermore, twenty-one compounds, including three ophiopogonins, fifteen ginsenosides and three lignans were quantified by UFLC-IT-TOF/MS. Notably, this is the first determination of steroidal saponins from O. japonicus in YQFM. The relative standard deviations (RSDs of intra- and inter-day precision, reproducibility and stability were <4.9% and all analytes showed good linearity (R2 ≥ 0.9952 and acceptable recovery of 91.8%–104.2% (RSD ≤ 5.4%, indicating that the methods were reliable. These methods were successfully applied to quantitative analysis of ten batches of YQFM. The developed approach can provide useful and comprehensive information for quality control, further mechanistic studies in vivo and clinical application of YQFM.

  11. CENOZOIC VOLCANISM AND GEOTHERMAL RESOURCES IN NORTHEAST CHINA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG; Xi-kui

    2001-01-01

    [1]CHEN Pan-qin. 1992. The Core Project of International Research of Global Changes (1) [M]. Beijing: Atmosphere Publishing House, 70. (in Chinese)[2]Committee of National Natural Science Foundation of China, 1995. Geography Science[M]. Beinjing: Science Press,105. (in Chinese)[3]HUMHREY J D, FERRING C R , 1994. Stable isotopic evidence for latest pleistocene and central Holocene climatic change in north Texas[J]. Quaternary Research, 41:200-213.[4]GUAN You-zhi, LI Zhi-zhong, 1994. The distribution of geochemical elementin and paleoclimate in the Holocene sediment, northern part of Taklimakan desert[J]. Arid Land Geography, 17(3): 19-26. (in Chinese)[5]LIJia-lin, 1988. Guide to Geochemstry[M]. Lanzhou: Lanzhou University Press, 88-92. (in Chinese)[6]LIU Yin-jun, 1984. Element Geochemistry[M]. Beijing: Science Press. (in Chinese)[7]OLDFIELD F, 1991. Environmental Magnetism-a personal prospective[J]. Quaternary Science Review, 10:73-85.[8]SUN Xiang-jun, DU Nai-qiu, WEN Chen-yu et al., 1994, Paleovegetation and paleoenvironment of Mamas Lake, Xinjiang,N. W. China, during the last 14000 years[J]. Quaternary Sciences, 3:239-247. (in Chinese)[9]WU Jin-lu, 1997. Composition of the stable authigenic isotope of carbonate of RM core and its paleoclimatic implication in Tibetan plateau[J]. Scientia Geographica Sinica, 17(1):18 - 22. (in Chinese)[10]YIN Ze-sheng, YANG Yi-chou, WANG Shou-chun, 1993.Holocence environmental changes and Human being' s civilization in arid northwestern China[A]. In: ZHANG Lan-sheng(ed. ). Research on Living Environmental Changes in China During Historic Period[C]. Beijing: Ocean Press,260-283. (in Chinese)[11]YAO Tan-dong, SHI Ya-feng, THOMPSON L G et al., 1992.Climatic changes of Holocene reflected in the ice core from Dunde[A]. In: SHI Ya-feng. The Climates and Environments of Holocenc Megathermal in China[C]. Beijing: China Ocean Press, 206-210. (in Chinese)[12]YAO Tan-dong, YANG Zhi-hong, JIAO

  12. Clinical utility and patient considerations in the use of the sitagliptin-metformin combination in Chinese patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Du Q

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Qiang Du, Yan-Jun Wang, Sheng Yang, Ping HanDepartment of Endocrinology, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning, People’s Republic of ChinaAbstract: The prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM continues to increase each year. However, the efficacy of glucose-lowering therapies remains unsatisfactory. Moreover, the clinical characteristics and manifestations of DM in Chinese patients are different from those in Western patients. Thus, it is imperative to develop an optimal treatment protocol for lowering blood glucose levels in Chinese patients with DM. Sitagliptin has been used in People’s Republic of China, and sitagliptin and metformin combination therapy may not alter their individual pharmacokinetics. To date, several clinical trials undertaken to investigate the efficacy of sitagliptin and metformin combination therapy have revealed that it effectively controlled glycated hemoglobin, fasting plasma glucose, and postprandial plasma glucose levels to a greater extent than sitagliptin or metformin alone. In addition, the combined therapy was well tolerated and induced few side effects, which were largely mild. Furthermore, the combined therapy was easy to administer, and the patients receiving this therapy showed good compliance. Therefore, for Chinese patients with type 2 DM, sitagliptin and metformin combination therapy is preferred.Keywords: type 2 diabetes mellitus, sitagliptin, metformin

  13. Evaluation of Dynamic Load Factors for a High-Speed Railway Truss Arch Bridge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ding Youliang

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Studies on dynamic impact of high-speed trains on long-span bridges are important for the design and evaluation of high-speed railway bridges. The use of the dynamic load factor (DLF to account for the impact effect has been widely accepted in bridge engineering. Although the field monitoring studies are the most dependable way to study the actual DLF of the bridge, according to previous studies there are few field monitoring data on high-speed railway truss arch bridges. This paper presents an evaluation of DLF based on field monitoring and finite element simulation of Nanjing DaShengGuan Bridge, which is a high-speed railway truss arch bridge with the longest span throughout the world. The DLFs in different members of steel truss arch are measured using monitoring data and simulated using finite element model, respectively. The effects of lane position, number of train carriages, and speed of trains on DLF are further investigated. By using the accumulative probability function of the Generalized Extreme Value Distribution, the probability distribution model of DLF is proposed, based on which the standard value of DLF within 50-year return period is evaluated and compared with different bridge design codes.

  14. Study of internal mammary sentinel lymph node biopsy in breast cancer patients after neoadjuvant chemotherapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cao XS

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Xiao-Shan Cao,1,2 Bin-Bin Cong,1,2 Xiao Sun,1 Peng-Fei Qiu,1 Yong-Sheng Wang1 1Breast Cancer Center, Shandong Cancer Hospital and Institute, Jinan, Shandong, People’s Republic of China; 2School of Medicine and Life Sciences, Jinan University-Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, Jinan, Shandong, People’s Republic of ChinaInternal mammary lymph node (IMLN metastasis has a similar prognostic importance as axillary lymph nodal involvement in breast cancer patients.1 Patients with both axillary- and internal mammary-positive nodes have a very poor prognosis.2 Reliable data for internal mammary nodal metastases are reported to be present in 18%–33% (mean 23.4% of patients who have not been treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC mostly concomitant with axillary metastases, and metastases exclusively situated in the internal mammary chain occur in 2%–11% of patients,3 but limited data are available in the context of NAC.

  15. Development and demonstration plant operation of an opposed multi-burner coal-water slurry gasification technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Fuchen; ZHOU Zhijie; DAI Zhenhua; GONG Xin; YU Guangsuo; LIU Haifeng; WANG Yifei; YU Zunhong

    2007-01-01

    The features of the opposed multi-burner (OMB) gasification technology,the method and process of the research,and the operation results of a pilot plant and demon stration plants have been introduced.The operation results of the demonstration plants show that when Beisu coal was used as feedstock,the OMB CWS gasification process at Yankuang Cathy Coal Co.Ltd had a higher carbon conversion of 3%,a lower specific oxygen consumption of about 8%,and a lower specific carbon consumption of 2%-3% than that of Texaco CWS gasification at the Lunan Fertilizer Plant.When Shenfu coal was used as feedstock,the OMB CWS gasification process at Hua-lu Heng-sheng Chemical Co.Ltd had a higher carbon conversion of more than 3%,a lower specific oxygen consumption of about 2%,and a lower specific coal consumption of about 8% than that of the Texaco CWS gasification process at Shanghai Coking & Chemical Corporation.The OMB CWS gasification technology is proven by industrial experience to have a high product yield,low oxygen and coal consumption and robust and safe operation.

  16. Study on bioadsorption and biodegradation of petroleum hydrocarbons by a microbial consortium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Nana; Bao, Mutai; Sun, Peiyan; Li, Yiming

    2013-12-01

    A microbial consortium isolated from Shengli oilfield polluted sludge was capable of degrading naphthalene (NAP), phenanthrene (PHE), pyrene (PYR) and crude oil. It performed high biodegradation activity and emulsifiability for petroleum hydrocarbons, and was tolerant to 6.2mM Cu(2+), 2.7 mM Zn(2+) and 9.5mM Pb(2+). Biodegradation rates of NAP, PHE, PYR and crude oil were 53%, 21%, 32% and 44% in the presence of heavy metal (Cu(2+), 1.7 mM and Zn(2+), 2mM), respectively. Exploration on the adsorption and uptake of petroleum hydrocarbons by microbe suggested the stability of surface adsorption and cell uptake by live microbial consortium followed a decreasing order of NAP > PHE ≈ PYR > crude oil. The adsorption by heat-killed microbial consortium was constant for PAHs, while decreased for crude oil. Experiments on enzymatic degradation indicated that the metabolic efficiency of periplasmic, cytoplasmic and extracellular enzymes secreted by the microbial consortium for diverse substrates was different.

  17. 宋代海南王化治理的实践路径%The Practice of Monarchism in Song Dynasty in Hainan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张朔人

    2013-01-01

    In Song Dynasty, the government mode of Li-Han double-track strengthened its rule in Hainan in three perspectives: the improvement of system of county in Han people’s living areas; the enhancement of rule in Shu Li by the appointment of the leader of Li Dong; the ongoing practice of Jimi (comfort measures) in Sheng Li.For the government of whole country, it has developed territory, increased population, strengthened Ban Ji system, and got better results than previous dynasties. Strictly speaking, the Song Dynasty is the beginning of feudalization in Hainan.%  两宋以黎汉双轨制的治理模式,从三个层面加强在海南的统治:在汉族人集中的“省民”区域,完善郡县制度设计;在熟黎区,通过委任黎峒首领的土官制度,加强统治;在生黎区,则继续推行“羁縻”政策。从王朝经略效果来看,开疆拓土,人口日增“,版籍”化倾向日益明显,并取得了超越前代的治绩。严格意义上来说,两宋时期是海南封建化的开端。

  18. Four-parameter velocity analysis and its applications to the Ken-71 area converted-wave data%转换波四参数速度分析方法在k71地区的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石建新

    2008-01-01

    3-D converted-wave data were acquired using digital MEMS (micro-electromechanical system) three component (3C) sensors in the alternating sand and shale sequence in the overburden of the Shengli Ken-71 area. This gives rise to serious non-hyperbolic moveout effects in the converted-wave data due to both the asymmetrical ray path and anisotropic effects. Conventional velocity analysis and moveout correction based on isotropic methods do not flatten reflections events. Here, we use a four-parameter theory to evaluate these effects and process the data. These four parameters include the PS converted wave stacking velocity (VC2), the vertical velocity ratio (y0), the effective velocity ratio (yeff), and the anisotropy parameter (xeff). The method utilizes the moveout information at different offsets to estimate the different parameters and ensures that the events are properly aligned for stacking. As a result, this four-parameter theory leads to an improvement in imaging quality and correlation between the P-waves and converted-waves.

  19. Catalytic oxidation of CS2 over atmospheric particles and oxide catalysts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG; Lin

    2001-01-01

    [1]Carmichael, I., Hug, G. L., Triplet-triplet absorption spectra of organic molecules in condensed phases, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1986, 15(1): 1-20.[2]Nikogosyan, D. N., Two-quantum UV photochemistry of nucleic acids: comparison with conventional low-intensity UV photochemistry and radiation chemistry, Int. J. Radiat. Biol., 1990, 57(2): 233-299.[3]Yao, S. D., Sheng, S. G., Cai, J. H. et al., Nanosecond pulse radiolysis studies in China, Radiat. Phys. Chem., 1995, 46:105-109.[4]Baumann, H.. Merckel, C., Timpe, H. -J., The laser versus the lamp: reactivity of the diphenyl ketyl radical in the ground and excited states. Chem. Phys. Lett., 1984, 103(6): 497-502.[5]Barral-Tosh, S., Chattopadhyay, S. K., Das, P. K., A laser flash photolysis study of paraquat reduction by photogenerated aromatic ketyl radicals and carbonyl triplets, J. Phys. Chem., 1984, 88: 1404-1408.[6]Elisei. F., Favaro, G., Ion-forming processes on 248 nm laser excitation of benzophenone in aqueous solution: a time-resolved absorption and conductivity study, J. Photochem. Photobiol. A: Chem., 1991, 59:243-253.

  20. Photolysis of benzophenone with two-step two-laser excitation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CAI; Xichen

    2001-01-01

    [1]Carmichael, I., Hug, G. L., Triplet-triplet absorption spectra of organic molecules in condensed phases, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1986, 15(1): 1-20.[2]Nikogosyan, D. N., Two-quantum UV photochemistry of nucleic acids: comparison with conventional low-intensity UV photochemistry and radiation chemistry, Int. J. Radiat. Biol., 1990, 57(2): 233-299.[3]Yao, S. D., Sheng, S. G., Cai, J. H. et al., Nanosecond pulse radiolysis studies in China, Radiat. Phys. Chem., 1995, 46:105-109.[4]Baumann, H.. Merckel, C., Timpe, H. -J., The laser versus the lamp: reactivity of the diphenyl ketyl radical in the ground and excited states. Chem. Phys. Lett., 1984, 103(6): 497-502.[5]Barral-Tosh, S., Chattopadhyay, S. K., Das, P. K., A laser flash photolysis study of paraquat reduction by photogenerated aromatic ketyl radicals and carbonyl triplets, J. Phys. Chem., 1984, 88: 1404-1408.[6]Elisei. F., Favaro, G., Ion-forming processes on 248 nm laser excitation of benzophenone in aqueous solution: a time-resolved absorption and conductivity study, J. Photochem. Photobiol. A: Chem., 1991, 59:243-253.

  1. Catalytic performance and structural characterization of ferric oxide and its composite oxides supported gold catalysts for low-temperature CO oxidation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HAO; Zhengping

    2001-01-01

    [1]Carmichael, I., Hug, G. L., Triplet-triplet absorption spectra of organic molecules in condensed phases, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1986, 15(1): 1-20.[2]Nikogosyan, D. N., Two-quantum UV photochemistry of nucleic acids: comparison with conventional low-intensity UV photochemistry and radiation chemistry, Int. J. Radiat. Biol., 1990, 57(2): 233-299.[3]Yao, S. D., Sheng, S. G., Cai, J. H. et al., Nanosecond pulse radiolysis studies in China, Radiat. Phys. Chem., 1995, 46:105-109.[4]Baumann, H.. Merckel, C., Timpe, H. -J., The laser versus the lamp: reactivity of the diphenyl ketyl radical in the ground and excited states. Chem. Phys. Lett., 1984, 103(6): 497-502.[5]Barral-Tosh, S., Chattopadhyay, S. K., Das, P. K., A laser flash photolysis study of paraquat reduction by photogenerated aromatic ketyl radicals and carbonyl triplets, J. Phys. Chem., 1984, 88: 1404-1408.[6]Elisei. F., Favaro, G., Ion-forming processes on 248 nm laser excitation of benzophenone in aqueous solution: a time-resolved absorption and conductivity study, J. Photochem. Photobiol. A: Chem., 1991, 59:243-253.

  2. Curcumin could reduce the monomer of TTR with Tyr114Cys mutation via autophagy in cell model of familial amyloid polyneuropathy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li H

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Hui Li,1,* Yu Zhang,1,* Li Cao,1 Ran Xiong,1 Bei Zhang,1 Li Wu,1 Zongbo Zhao,1 Sheng-Di Chen1,2 1Department of Neurology and Institute of Neurology, Ruijin Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, 2Key Laboratory of Stem Cell Biology and Laboratory of Neurodegenerative Diseases, Institute of Health Science, Shanghai Institutes of Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Science, and Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: Transthyretin (TTR familial amyloid polyneuropathy (FAP is an autosomal ­dominant inherited neurodegenerative disorder caused by various mutations in the transthyretin gene. We aimed to identify the mechanisms underlying TTR FAP with Tyr114Cys (Y114C mutation. Our study showed that TTR Y114C mutation led to an increase in monomeric TTR and impaired autophagy. Treatment with curcumin resulted in a significant decrease of monomeric TTR by recovering autophagy. Our research suggests that impairment of autophagy might be involved in the pathogenesis of TTR FAP with Y114C mutation, and curcumin might be a potential therapeutic approach for TTR FAP. Keywords: curcumin, familial amyloid polyneuropathy, transthyretin, autophagy

  3. Un recorrido histórico y cultural por el relato de “El traje nuevo del emperador”. Análisis y posibilidades didácticas en las aulas de Educación Secundaria Obligatoria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrés Montaner

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available En el presente estudio realizamos un análisis comparativo de tres versiones de una fábula que encontramos ya en El conde Lucanor y que tradicionalmente es conocida con el nombre de “El traje nuevo del emperador”. Así, relacionamos entre sí la recogida por don Juan Manuel en el siglo XIV, la creada por H. C. Andersen en el siglo XIX y la versión del escritor chino Ye Sheng Tao en el siglo XX. A partir de las mismas, llevamos a cabo un recorrido histórico por las épocas en que estas tres variantes aparecieron, considerando también los condicionantes culturales, temporales y sociales en los que fue reescrita. De acuerdo con esto, reflexionamos también sobre los matices que han hecho que esta historia haya sido en ocasiones considerada como una fábula o exemplum y, en otras, como un cuento de tipo tradicional, dependiendo de la aparición explícita o implícita de la enseñanza que se desprende de los hechos que en ella se cuentan. Finalmente, proponemos una implementación didáctica utilizando las diferentes exégesis bajo las que se ha presentado dicho relato, buscando a través de ellas fomentar la educación literaria y transmitir valores interculturales en Educación Secundaria Obligatoria.

  4. Eco-toxicity of petroleum hydrocarbon contaminated soil

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jingchun Tang; Min Wang; Fei Wang; Qing Sun; Qixing Zhou

    2011-01-01

    Total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) contaminated soil samples were collected from Shengli Oilfield of China.Toxicity analysis was carried out based on earthworm acute toxicity, plant growth experiment and luminescent bacteria test.The soil was contaminated bypetroleum hydrogcarbons with TPH concentration of 10.57%.With lethal and sub-lethal rate as endpoint, earthworm test showed that the LD50 (lethal dose 50%) values in 4 and 7 days were 1.45% and 1.37% respectively, and the inhibition rate of earthworm body weight increased with higher oil concentration.TPH pollution in the soil inhibited seed germination in both wheat and maize experiment when the concentration of petroleum was higher than 0.1%.The EC50 (effective concentration 50%) for germination is 3.04% and 2.86% in maize and wheat, respectively.While lower value of ECs0 for root elongation was to be 1.11% and 1.64% in maize and wheat,respectively, suggesting higher sensitivity of root elongation on petroleum contamination in the soil.The ECs0 value in luminescent bacteria test was 0.47% for petroleum in the contaminated soil.From the experiment result, it was concluded that TPH content of 1.5% is considered to be a critical value for plant growth and living of earthworm and 0.5% will affect the activity of luminescent bacteria.

  5. APPLICATION OF STEPLESS OVERSHOOT SYSTEM ON HEAVY OIL HYDROGENATION UNIT%无级调量系统在重油加氢装置的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕海浦

    2016-01-01

    介绍HydroCOM无级调量系统的工作原理,重点阐述了该系统在齐鲁炼油厂重油加氢装置Honeywell Expe-rion PKS C300集散控制系统中的组态实现方法,其中包括控制原理、控制结构、投用自动过程、投用手动过程、参数设置、错误处理等,并结合现场实际应用总结近年来的运行、节能情况。%Work principle of HydroCOM stepless overshoot system was introduced, configu-ration realization method of the system on Honeywell Experion PKS C300 staple control system in Shengli Refinery of SINOPEC Qilu Branch Company was mainly described, such as control principle, control structure, automatic investment course, manual investment course, parame-ters configuration, fault treatment and etc. Running and energy saving situation of the unit were summarized combing with actual application.

  6. Ponder on countermeasures of prevention on endemic fluorosis%地方性氟中毒防制对策新思考 ——读李广生《营养因素对地方性氟中毒的影响》一文有感

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白学信

    2001-01-01

    阅读李广生教授的《营养因素对地氟病的影响》一文受到启发,联系到三次流行病学调查中的矛盾现象进行分析。认为,在地氟病流行因素中,除日摄氟量外,还与营养因素有关,尤其是膳食中的钙。据此,对地氟病防制对策进行了讨论。%Enlightened by the essay Affection of Nutrition Factors On Endemic Fluorosis written by professor Li Guang-sheng ,and integrated with the contradictory phenomena in three times epidemic invest igations,the author thought:in epidemic factors of fluorosis,endemic fluorosis not only is related with fluoride intake perday,but also related with nutritional factors,especially calcium in food.The article discussed on countermeasures of prvention of endemic fluorosis in views of the above.

  7. The Subtitling of Indigenous Values in the Film Seediq Bale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tzu-yi Elaine Lee

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The movie Seediq Bale, directed by Wei Te-Sheng and produced by John Woo, is a Taiwanese historical drama epic film based on the Wushe Incident in 1930. The story depicts the Wushe Incident, which happened in central Taiwan while it was under Japanese rule. Mona Rudao, a then chief of Seediq indigenous village Mahebu, led warriors against Japanese authorities due to the long-term colonial oppression. In response, the Japanese mounted a relentless counter-attack, killing over three hundred Seediq people. Often compared by the media in Taiwan to the films Braveheart and The Last of the Mohicans, the film, released in 2011, is so far the most expensive production in Taiwan cinema history. Different language registers are present in the movie, including Mandarin, Japanese, and the Seediq language; this can be a great challenge for the translator when translating the subtitles into English. Nonetheless, it is believed that ideologies can be manifested in language use. So, the study attempts to disclose the translator¡¦s hidden indigenous ideologies in the English subtitles s/he provided. Moreover, as subtitling translation involves a multiplicity of verbal and non-verbal semiotic modes, those visual and audio elements could also contribute to the final product of subtitle translations. Hence, the study, in addition to the translator¡¦s indigenous ideologies and handling of ethnic issues in translation, also looks at how the translator worked with semiotic modes in designing the subtitles for the target context.

  8. Punding following posterior cerebral artery infarction: a case report and review of literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lin CI

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Cho-I Lin,1 Yu-Ching Lin,1–3 Wei-Chih Lien,1 Pei-Chun Hsieh,1 Sheng-Han Lin,1 Ta-Shen Kuan1,2 1Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan; 2Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan; 3Medical Device Innovation Center, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan Introduction: Punding is a complex stereotyped behavior, characterized by excessiveness, non-goal orientation, and repetitiveness. It is mostly associated with Parkinson’s disease, and very few cases in non-Parkinson’s disease have been reported. We report a case of punding associated with supratentorial ischemic stroke.Case presentation: We present a 70-year-old man with left posterior cerebral artery infarction with quetiapine-induced punding manifesting as repetitive unidirectional body turning. Remission of punding behavior ensued after cessation of quetiapine and administration of clonazepam.Conclusion: This case describes the clinical course of quetiapine-induced punding in a patient with left posterior cerebral artery infarction. It suggests clonazepam may serve as a treatment option for poststroke punding. Keywords: punding, stereotyped behavior, stroke, quetiapine, clonazepam

  9. Measurement of Localized Nonlinear Microwave Response of Superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Sheng-Chiang; Palmer, Benjamin; Maiorov, B.

    2005-03-01

    We measure the local harmonic generation from superconducting thin films at microwave frequencies to investigate the intrinsic nonlinear Meissner effect near T/c in zero magnetic field. Both second and third harmonic generation are measured to identify time-reversal symmetry breaking (TRSB) and time-reversal symmetric (TRS) nonlinearities. The microscope can measure the local nonlinear response of a bicrystal grain boundary [Sheng-Chiang Lee and Steven M. Anlage, Physica C 408-410, 324 (2004); cond-mat/0408170]. We also performed a systematic doping-dependent study of the nonlinear response and find that the TRS characteristic nonlinearity current density scale follows the doping dependence of the de-pairing critical current density [cond-mat/0405595]. We extract a spontaneous TRSB characteristic current density scale that onsets at T/c, grows with decreasing temperature, and systematically decreases in magnitude (at fixed T/T/c) with under-doping. The origin of this current scale could be Josephson circulating currents or the spontaneous magnetization associated with a TRSB order parameter.

  10. Quadro clínico do lobo orbitário com crises cerebelares: Cisticercose racemosa do ângulo ponto-cerebelar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aníbal Silveira

    1960-06-01

    após a primeira discussão clínica do quadro, quando obtido o exame completo do líquor, o diagnóstico etiológico pôde ser aventado. O exame neuro-oftalmológico foi ainda negativo. A evolução dos sintomas levou o doente à obnubilação e ao embotamento intelectuais, à espurcícia; e, pelo lado neurológico, à impossibilidade de locomoção, à ataxia do tronco, ao relaxamento dos esfincteres. Diagnóstico: quadro neuropsiquiátrico orbitario, como repercussão de alterações ponto-cerebelares; cisticercose provável. O paciente faleceu 11 meses após a internação. A necropsia revelou, quanto ao sistema nervoso central, um cacho de vesículas de cisticerco racemoso ao nível do ângulo ponto-cerebelar direito (fig. 1 e espessamento das leptomeninges na base do encéfalo até a dos lobos temporais. Nenhuma alteração histológica do córtex cerebral ou das vias intra-hemisféricas (Nissl e Weil. Quanto ao aspecto patogênico, o quadro orbitario descrito por Kleist era representado pela falência na manutenção do esfôrço e da atividade em geral (Ausdauer, na regência instintiva dos atos (gesinnungsmässige Handlungen, bem como pelo distúrbio teatral, tipo pitiático, do caráter (Gesin-nung. Os transtornos neurológicos e mesmo neurovegetativos correspondiam, na opinião dos autores, à falência paleocerebelar.

  11. A study on the heterogeneous combination flooding system%新型非均相复合驱油方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔晓红

    2011-01-01

    利用流变仪、界面张力仪、激光粒度仪、微观驱油和驱油物理模拟等装置,通过实验筛选出了驱油用黏弹性颗粒驱油剂(PPG)样品,评价了其应用性能;研究了PPG与聚合物及表面活性剂间的相互作用规律,设计了非均相复合驱油体系,评价了其在胜利油田高温高盐、聚合物驱后油藏条件下的提高采收率效果.结果表明,驱油用PPG能够在多孔介质中运移并通过在孔喉处的堆积一堵塞-压力升高-变形通过来改变已形成的优势通道,具有比聚合物更强的扩大波及能力.PPG与聚合物复配后能够增强体系的黏度与黏弹性能,因而PPG与表面活性剂和聚合物组成的非均相复合驱油体系具有比聚合物驱更强的扩大波及体积能力和与复合驱相似的洗油能力.在双管模型渗透率级差为(1 000∶5 000)×10 3μm2时,在胜利油田高温高盐油藏条件下可提高采收率22. 5%,在胜利油田孤岛中一区Ng3聚合物驱后的油藏条件下,可进一步提高采收率19.1%.%A novel preformed particle gel (PPG) as a chemical EOR was screened out by means of the rheometer, interfacial tensiometer, laser particle analyzer, microscopic oil displacement and physical simulation of oil displacement.The present paper evaluated its properties in application, investigated the mutual interaction between the PPG and other polymers or surfactants, designed a heterogeneous combination flooding system ( HCFS), and appraised the EOR effect of this new system under the condition of high-temperature, high-salinity and after-polymer-flooding reservoirs in the Shengli Oilfield.The results indicated that PPG could not only migrate and penetrate through porous mediums, but also generate a more significantly sweeping efficiency by means of piling up, plugging, pressure rising and deforming at throats to modify the existing dominant migration paths, and it was of a greater volumetricexpansion capacity than conventional

  12. 鲧窃息壤神话考%The Textual Research on the Myth of Gun Stealing the Magical Soil

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴晓东

    2015-01-01

    鲧窃息壤神话中“息壤”与“帝”的所指并不清楚,而对“鲧復生禹”的解释也莫衷一是。实际上,羿、尧、舜、禹等人物属于太阳神系列,嫦娥、女娲、娥皇、女英等则属于月神系列,而鲧、共工、蓬蒙、吴刚属于雷神系列。日神、月神、雷神三方的关系以日神和雷神的矛盾为主线,以月神与雷神的关系为辅线。月神系列不仅具有人格化的特点,还有物化的特点,表现为息壤、不死药、砍了又复原的桂树等。吴刚伐桂神话有可能是鲧窃息壤故事的变异,息壤、不死药、可复原的桂树等事项都来自古人对月亮盈亏圆缺的印象。“鲧復生禹”是“鲧覆生禹”的语言讹误,其原型是雨后日出,鲧演化为禹父导致了原来作为雷雨之神的鲧变成了布土治水之人。%The meanings of the term“Xirang(the magical soil)”and the term“Di”in the myth of Gun stealing Xirang are not clear yet. Scholars' opinions also vary on how to interpret the story“Gun Fu Sheng Yu”. Yi, Yao, Shun and Yu are the gods of the sun, while Chang’e, Nvwa, Ehuang and Nvying are the goddesses of the moon. As to Gun, Gonggong, Fengmeng and Wugang, they are the gods of thunder. In the stories about the sun gods, moon goddesses and thunder gods, the struggles between the sun gods and the thunder gods are the principal aspects of the relationships among the three types of deities. The entanglements between the moon goddesses and the thunder gods are the secondary aspects of the contradictions. The goddesses of moon, i.e. Xirang, immortality drug and recoverable laurel tree, are not only personified but also objectified. The myth of Wu Gang cutting the laurel is the variation of the myth of Gun stealing Xirang. And the myths about Xirang, immortality drug and recoverable laurel tree might derive from the phases of the moon. The story of Gun Fu Sheng Yu (Gun giving birth to Yu) came from a

  13. Interaction Effect of Isothermal Co-pyrolysis of Coal Coke and Salix psammophila Charcoal blends%煤半焦和沙柳炭混合物恒温共热解作用的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    武彦伟; 高学艺; 王克冰; 安书琪

    2016-01-01

    采用先混合原沙柳和煤粉再制焦的次序,利用热重分析法研究了4种煤半焦和沙柳炭混合物的恒温共热解作用。从胜利煤的变温热解中,选定恒温共热解的温度400、500和600℃来研究温度对沙柳炭和胜利煤半焦混合物共热解作用的影响,结果显示400和600℃表现为协同作用,500℃表现为抑制作用,通过分析选择600℃作为恒温共热解温度。在600℃时,研究了沙柳炭与不同种类煤半焦在不同掺混比例下的恒温共热解,显示沙柳炭对挥发逸出能力较强或较低的煤半焦(霍林河煤和准格尔煤)均表现为抑制作用,对挥发分逸出能力中等的煤半焦(胜利煤和宝日希勒褐煤)表现为协同作用;受煤种的影响,掺混比例对共热解的作用效果大小无固定的排序。%Thermogravimetric analysis was used to study the interaction effects of isothermal co-pyrolysis of Salix psammophila ( Bsl) charcoal and 4 kinds of coal cokes. The isothermal co-pyrolysis temperatures 400, 500 and 600℃ were selected from the temperature-programmed pyrolysis of Shengli lignite ( SL) to study the effects of temperature on the co-pyrolysis of Bsl charcoal and SL coal coke. The results showed that the interactions was synergy effect at 400 and 600℃,and the interaction was inhibition effect at 500℃. By analysis, the selected temperature of co-pyrolysis was 600℃. At 600℃, the isothermal co-pyrolysises of Bsl charcoal and coal cokes of different coal types at different blending ratios were analyzed. The results demonstrated that the interactions were inhibition effects for coal cokes with high content of volatilization ( Huolinhe lignite and Zhunge′er coal) and synergy effect for coal cokes with medium content of volatilization( Shengli lignite and Baorixile lignite) . The interaction effect of coke mixture at different blending ratios had no fixed order for different coal types.

  14. GUNUNGODES ROESLER & K(U)PPERS NEW RECORD TO CHINA, WITH DESCRIPTION OF A NEW SPECIES (LEPIDOPTERA, P YROLIDAE, PHYCITINAE)%中国斑螟新纪录属——红斑螟属及一新种记述(鳞翅目,螟蛾科)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘家宇; 李后魂

    2011-01-01

    首次报道红斑螟属Gunungodes Roesler & Küppers,1981在中国的分布,并记述该属1新种,郑氏红斑螟Gunungode zhengi sp.nov..提供了新种的成虫和外生殖器特征图.%The genus Gunungodes Roesler 8c Kiippers, 1981 is newly recorded to China, with Gunungodes zhengi sp. Nov. Described as new. Images of adult and illustrations of genital structures are provided.Gunungodes Roesler & Kiippers, 1981 New record to ChinaGunungodes Roesler & Kiippers, 1981. Beitr. Xaturk. Forsch. SiidwDtl. Beth., 4: 67. Type species: Gunungodes ilsa Roesler & Kiippers, 1981. Distribution. China; Indonesia.Gunungodes zhengi sp. Nov. (Figs 1 - 5)Diagnosis. This new species is similar to Gunungodes ilsa Roesler 8c Kiippers, 1981 in male genitalia, but can be distinguished by the triangular uncus with distal part distinctly narrower than basal part, length 1. 2 - 1. 3 times as long as basal width; the gnathos slighdy longer than the uncus, with two teeth posteriorly; and the valva with dorsal and ventral margins almost parallel. In G. Ilsa, the distal part of the uncus is slighdy narrower than the basal part, the length is about 1. 5 times as long as basal width; the gnathos is shorter than the uncus, without posterior teeth; and the ventral margin of the valva is protrudent at middle.Holotype ♂ , Mengla County, Xishuangbanna(21° 39' N, 101° 22' E; alt. 640 m), YunnanProvince, 10 Aug. 2010, coll. SUN Ying-Hui and LILi-Xia, slide No. LJY10321, ♂ . Paratypes: 1 ♂ ,Jinpen Mountain, Jiangxi Province, 19 July 2006,coll. XUJia-Sheng and LI Wei-Chun; 2 ♂ ♂, XiangMountain, Jiangxi Province, 23 July 2006, coll. XUJia-Sheng and LI Wei-Chun; 2 ♂ ♂, Feng Mountain,Jiangxi Province, 26 July 2006, coll. XU Jia-Shengand LI Wei-Chun; 1 ♂ , Huizhou, GuangdongProvince, 16 July 2003, coll. ZHANG Dan-Dan andLI Zhi-Qiang; 1 ♂ , Jingxi, Guangxi ZhuangAutonomous Region, 31 July 2010, coll. HUANGJian-Hua; 1 ♂ , Chishui, Guizhou Province, alt.500 m, 31 May 2000, coll. DU Yan

  15. 中药荆芥基原的沿革%Evolution of the Origin of Herba Schizonepetae

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋向文; 李光燕; 王德群; 韩邦兴

    2016-01-01

    Herba Schizonepetae was firstly recorded in the Sheng nong ben caojing ( Shennong ’ s Materia Medica) with the title Jiasu. It could be sure that the original plant of Jiasu is Ocimumbasilicum L. ofLabiatae based on the record of Jiasu’ s name, morphology, edible property before the Song Dynasty. Be-ginning from the Ben cao tu jing ( Illustrated Classic of Materia Medica) in the Song Dynasty, the source of this drug evolved as SchizonepetatenuisfoliaBriq. ofLabiatae, and it has been in use until now. Hence, the sources of Jiasu should be both O. basilicum L. and the co-existence of S. tenuisfolia Briq in the Qing Dy-nasty. It is claimed that the hometowns of those herb writers who considered the source ofOcimumbasilicum L. to be the producing areas of cultivation of the edible Ocimumbasilicum L. It was found that the source of Jiasu recorded in the Sheng nong ben cao jing should be O. basilicum L. , hence, it is suggested the title Jiasu should be recorded for the source of O. basilicum L, and the original plant of Herba Schizonepetae was Schizonepetatenuisfolia Briq. of Labiatae, and this medicine should be separately recorded. In fact, Jiasu and Herba Schizonepetae were two different kinds of medicines.%中药荆芥以“假苏”之名始载于《神农本草经》。根据宋代以前有关假苏名称、形态、可食用的本草文献记载,可以确定假苏基原为唇形科植物罗勒Ocimum basilicum L.。从宋代《本草图经》开始,假苏基原变为唇形科植物荆芥Schizonepeta tenuisfolia Briq.,并沿用至今。清代假苏基原为罗勒O. basilicum L.和荆芥S. tenuisfolia Briq.并存。认为基原为罗勒O. basilicum L.的本草书籍撰著者的家乡均是现今罗勒的栽培食用产地。可见,《神农本草经》中假苏的基原应为罗勒O. basili-cum L.,建议以中药假苏之名进行收载,而中药荆芥则即为唇形科植物荆芥S. tenuisfolia Briq.,另行记载,故假苏与荆芥实为2味中药。

  16. 本刊编委会委员名单

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    《浙江大学学报》(农业与生命科学版)编委会 主 任 Chairman 程家安 CHENG Jia-an 顾 问 Advisors of the Editorial Board 陈子元 CHEN Zi-yuan 李德葆 LI De-bao 童芍素 TONG Shao-su 特邀编委 Honorarv Members of the Editorial Board(按姓氏笔画为序) 王道文 WANG Dao-wen 研究员 中国科学院遗传研究所 李毅 LI Yi 教授 北京大学生命学院 吴常信 WU Chang-xin 院士 北京农业大学 张爱民 ZHANG Ai-min 教授 中国农业大学 薛勇彪 XUE Yong-biao 研究员 中国科学院发育研究所 奥田诚一 Seiichi Okuda 教授 University of Utsunomiya DENNIS N. Marple 教授 Iowa State University of Science and Technology HEIKO C. Becker 教授 George August University Gottingen ZENG Zhao-bang 教授 NC State University 编 委 Members of the Editorial Board(按姓氏笔画为序) 王人潮WANG Ren-chao 冯明光FENG Ming-guang 邓君奇DENG Jun-qi 朱军ZHU Jun 刘祖生LIU ZU-sheng 刘树生LIU Shu-sheng 许梓荣XU Zi-rong 孙锦荷SUN Jin-he 朱睦元ZHU Mu yuan 吴常信WU Chang-xin 吴平WU Ping 何国庆HE Guo-qmg 何勇HE Yong 张国平ZHANG Guo-ping 周雪平ZHOU Xue ping 陈力耕CHEN Li geng 胡萃HU Cui 郑筱祥ZHENG Xiao-xiang 郑重ZHENG Zhong 凌备备LING Bei-bei 钱凯先QIAN Kai-xian 徐同XU Tong 唐桂礼TANG Gui-li 徐建民XU-Jian-min 黄昌勇HUANG Chang-yong 曹家树CAO Jia-shu 程家安CHENG Jia-an 曾广文ZENG Guang-wen 楼程富LOU Cheng fu 薛庆中XUE Qing-zhong 主 编 Eeditor-in-Chief 程家安 CHENG Jia-an 副主编 Associate Editors-in-Chief 朱军ZHU Jun(常务) 唐桂礼TANG Gui-li 执行总编 Chief Reviewing Editor 邓君奇 DENG Jun-qi

  17. 穴位贴敷辅助治疗2型糖尿病的效果与护理%Medical observation and nursing of adjuvant treatment of the type 2 diabetes with the method of "acupoint paste"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    关欣; 李怡

    2009-01-01

    Objective To observe the clinical effects of acupoint use of "Sheng Shi Lin Infrared Health Conservation Series Ointment First Type ( Sugar Conversion Ointment or Paste)" in the application of adjuvant treatment to the patients with type Ⅱ diabetes, and explore the role of the nursing persons in the treatment. Methods 133 cases of patients suffered with the type Ⅱ diabetes were randomly divided into two groups: treatment group ( treated with sugar conversion paste) and blank control group ( not treated with the paste, but used with a blank patch). The changes on the clinical symptoms of diabete, fasting and postprandial blood glucose after 2 hours later a meal, glycosylated hemoglobin before and after the test, and etc. , were observed for both groups. Results The symptom score, fasting and postprandial blood glucose at 2 hours later of the treatment group decreased significantly and the rate of decline is greater than that of the blank control group. There was not a statistically significant difference of glycosylated hemoglobin before and after the test between the two groups. The total effective rate of the treatment group was 72.13%, higher than that of the blank control group, i.e. , 54.7%, which was a statistically significant difference. Conclusions The means of applying " Sheng Shi Lin Infrared Health Conservation Series Ointment First Type" in the adjuvant treatment of the type Ⅱ diabetes is unique for its acupoint application and out-treatment route, simple for its use, and has a good compliance. On the basis of not changing the original treatment program, it can assist the type Ⅱ diabetes patients to reduce blood sugar, and improve some of the chnical symptoms. The nursing persons play a key role in the treatment process.%目的 观察"盛世临红外保健化糖贴Ⅰ型-化糖贴"穴位贴敷辅助治疗2型糖尿病的临床效果,探讨护理人员在治疗中的作用.方法 将133例2型糖尿病患者随机分为治疗组(采用化糖贴

  18. A Struggle between Shareholder Activists and the Government -- Sichun Railway Company's Yichang Branch Incident in Baolu Movement%股东维权与政府夺权之争——保路运动中的川路公司宜昌分公司事件

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈晓东

    2011-01-01

    At the end of the Qing Dynasty, merchant-operated Siehuan Railway Company carried out reforms, and established an inner democratic operation mechanism in accordance with The Company Charter. Siehuan Railway Company set up Yichang Branch with Li Jixun as manager to build the section from Yiehang to Guizhou of the Chuanhan Railway ( running from Siehuan to Hankou). The Qing Government promulgated "Policy of Primary Roads Belonging to the State" to withdraw the power of primary roads building from merchant-operated companies with force and transferred it to the government's hands to borrow foreign loans to do it, which was met with resistance from the board of directors of Sichuan Railway Company. However, through secret negotia- tions with Sheng Xuanhuai, Minister of the Postal Department, Li Jixun took the liberty to hand Yichang Branch over to the state and had it nationalized. The Postal Department took it over and appointed Li Jixun as deputy of the government to take charge of the section with the original funding. The board of directors of Sichuan Railway Company held a special meeting of stockholders according to The Company Charter, and passed a resolution that the Chuanhan Railway was still owned by Sichuan Railway Com- pany. In addition, it decided to dismiss Li Jixun, and impeached Sheng Xuanhuai, and had an appeal written into a public state- ment submitted to the court by Zhao Er'feng, the then governor of Sichuan. Nevertheless, the Qing government simply ignored the appeal. As a result, the angry merchants and farmers in Sichuan province, instantly resisted the act of the government first by merchants' and students' strikes and then by refusal to hand in grains and pay taxes. However, the government put down the pro- testers, leading to casualties, and worse still, to the break between the officials and people, and finally to the outbreak of the Wuchang Uprising.%清末,商办川路公司按《公司律》进行改革,形成了内

  19. 转变观念在老区勘探中的重要性--以胜利油田东部探区青南油田的发现为例%Importance of unconventional mindsets in further fine exploration of mature blocks:a case study of Qingnan oilfield,eastern Dongying Depression

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张善文

    2014-01-01

    After years of intensive exploration ,blocks in eastern Dongying Depression of Shengli Oilfield Company yielded few and few new discoveries in past couple years .Explorationists of Shengli Oilfield Company wisely realized then that new mindsets and open mindness were urgently needed to guide further fine explration of these aging blocks .Then in 2013,the 75th discovery-Qingnan Oilfield-was disoveried in eastern blocks of Dongying Depression .This seccess can be attributed to the following reasons:an exploration strategy shift from structural traps on slopes to lithologic traps in sags ;a shift of understanding of sedimentary settings from deep turbidite fan to shore-shallow lacustrine;an exploration view turning from unfavorable migration zones to favorable migration zones;a change of understanding of sedimentary facies from beach-sandbodies of subsag-scale to local sand bars .These reasons all made the importance of new mindsets and open mindness to stand out in each critical step of discovering the field .However ,what behind all these are still concrete basic works and innovative technologies .%胜利油田东部探区目前已进入高勘探程度阶段。面临严峻的勘探形势,胜利油田勘探工作者本着思想再解放、认识再创新的理念,精细工作、开拓进取。2013年,在东部老区勘探程度最高的东营凹陷发现了胜利油田东部探区第75个油田---青南油田。回顾青南油田的发现历程,每次认识的创新和观念的转变都给青南地区的勘探工作带来了新的转机。具体表现为:①由斜坡带构造向洼陷带岩性的战略转移突破了青南洼陷工业油流关;②由深水浊积扇向滨浅湖滩坝的认识转变加快了青南洼陷的勘探步伐;③由运移不利区向运聚有利区的观念转变明确了青南洼陷的整体规模;④由满洼滩砂向坝砂局部发育的模式转变推动了老油区新油田的发现。青南油田发现过程中的每个

  20. YiQiFuMai powder injection ameliorates blood–brain barrier dysfunction and brain edema after focal cerebral ischemia–reperfusion injury in mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cao GS

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Guosheng Cao, Xinyi Ye, Yingqiong Xu, Mingzhu Yin, Honglin Chen, Junping Kou, Boyang Yu Jiangsu Key Laboratory of TCM Evaluation and Translational Research, Department of Complex Prescription of TCM, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing, People’s Republic of China Abstract: YiQiFuMai powder injection (YQFM is a modern preparation derived from the traditional Chinese medicine Sheng-Mai-San. YQFM is widely used in clinical practice in the People’s Republic of China, mainly for the treatment of microcirculatory disturbance-related diseases. However, little is known about its role in animals with ischemic stroke. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of YQFM on brain edema and blood–brain barrier (BBB dysfunction induced by cerebral ischemia–reperfusion (I/R injury. Male C57BL/6J mice underwent right middle cerebral artery occlusion for 1 hour with a subsequent 24-hour reperfusion to produce I/R injury. YQFM (three doses: 0.336, 0.671, and 1.342 g/kg was then given intraperitoneally (IP. The results demonstrated that YQFM significantly decreased infarct size, improved neurological deficits, reduced brain water content, and increased cerebral blood flow after I/R injury. 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose micro-positron emission tomography imaging and hematoxylin and eosin staining results indicated that YQFM is able to ameliorate brain metabolism and histopathological damage after I/R. Moreover, YQFM administration reduced BBB leakage and upregulated the expression of zona occludens-1 (ZO-1 and occludin, which was confirmed by Evans Blue extravasation, Western blotting, and immunofluorescence assay. Our findings suggest that YQFM provides protection against focal cerebral I/R injury in mice, possibly by improving BBB dysfunction via upregulation of the expression of tight junction proteins. Keywords: YiQiFuMai powder injection, YQFM, ischemic stroke, blood–brain barrier, microvascular permeability, tight junctions

  1. Integration of multidisciplinary technologies for real time target visualization and verification for radiotherapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chang WC

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Wen-Chung Chang,1,* Chin-Sheng Chen,2,* Hung-Chi Tai,3 Chia-Yuan Liu,4,5 Yu-Jen Chen3 1Department of Electrical Engineering, National Taipei University of Technology, Taipei, Taiwan; 2Graduate Institute of Automation Technology, National Taipei University of Technology, Taipei, Taiwan; 3Department of Radiation Oncology, Mackay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; 4Department of Internal Medicine, Mackay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; 5Department of Medicine, Mackay Medical College, New Taipei City, Taiwan  *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: The current practice of radiotherapy examines target coverage solely from digitally reconstructed beam's eye view (BEV in a way that is indirectly accessible and that is not in real time. We aimed to visualize treatment targets in real time from each BEV. The image data of phantom or patients from ultrasound (US and computed tomography (CT scans were captured to perform image registration. We integrated US, CT, US/CT image registration, robotic manipulation of US, a radiation treatment planning system, and a linear accelerator to constitute an innovative target visualization system. The performance of this algorithm segmented the target organ in CT images, transformed and reconstructed US images to match each orientation, and generated image registration in real time mode with acceptable accuracy. This image transformation allowed physicians to visualize the CT image-reconstructed target via a US probe outside the BEV that was non-coplanar to the beam's plane. It allowed the physicians to remotely control the US probe that was equipped on a robotic arm to dynamically trace and real time monitor the coverage of the target within the BEV during a simulated beam-on situation. This target visualization system may provide a direct remotely accessible and real time way to visualize, verify, and ensure tumor targeting during radiotherapy. Keywords: ultrasound, computerized tomography

  2. Design of battery control system using for drill pipe conveying storage well-logging tools%钻杆输送存储式测井仪电池控制系统设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李明华

    2012-01-01

    The drill pipe conveying no cable storage logging is an important technical.it means to solve the highly deviated and horizontal wells, owe a balance wells difficulty logging. The rational use of the downhole tool battery, battery status monitoring is key to ensure that logging tools work reliably. In this paper, the design of the key part of drill pipe conveying storage logging tool battery control system hardware circuit and software, pressure acquisition temp-drift correction method was submitted, and it summarizes some the advantages of the system in the design and practical engineering applications. The application of the system in Shengli Oilfield and external oilfield demonstrated battery control system ensured that the instrument took complete and accurate logging data, solved a major technical problem of the logging project.%钻杆输送无电缆存储式测井是解决大斜度井、水平井、欠平衡井等高难度测井的重要技术手段.井下仪器电池的合理使用、电池状态的监控是保证测井仪器可靠工作的关键.文中给出了钻杆输送存储式测井仪电池控制系统的硬件电路及软件关键部分设计、压力采集温漂校正方法,总结了该系统在设计及实际工程应用中体现的一些优点.该系统在胜利油田及外部油区的应用表明,电池控制系统能够确保仪器取全取准测井资料,解决了测井工程的一大技术难题.

  3. Medical genetics is playing an important role in the public health care in China Conference Report for The International Conference of Medical Genetics 2004, Beijing (ICMG 2004, Beijing)%医学遗传学在中国公共卫生事业中发挥重要作用--北京2004医学遗传学国际学术研讨会报告

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tian-Jian CHEN; Nanbert Zhong

    2005-01-01

    The International Conference of Medical Genetics 2004 (ICMG2004) was held at Peking University Health Science Center on July 14-18, 2004. This conference is a part of the series that have been organized by the North American Association of Chinese Medical Geneticists (NAACMG) and the Chinese Medical Genetics Association (CMGA) and was initialized by the year of 2000 at Nanjing (ICMG2000, Nanjing). The mission of the series is to promote research, education, and clinical practice on medical genetics in China as well as in south Asian countries. This year, more than 200 participants from Mainland China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, England, and United States attended the ICMG2004. The conference opened with a remark addressed by Dr. Qi-de Han, the Vice Chairman of the Standing Committee of National Congress, who is the Director of Peking University Health Science Center and the Executive President of Peking University. Dr. Owen Rennet, Scientific Director of NICHD, NIH, gave a keynote speech at the opening session. Six sessions, chaired by Drs. Virginia Anderson, Wai-Yee Chan, Tian-jian Chen, Jiang Gu, Jian Han, Tao-Sheng Huang, Marilyn Li, Gary Lu, Ming Qi, Bai-Lin Wu, Nanbert Zhong, Chun-Yan Zhou, have covered various aspects of medical genetics with focus on birth defect, which is different from the main focus of neurogenetic disorders at ICMG2000. These aspects include inborn error of metabolism, intervention of birth defects, prenatal diagnosis and newborn screening, chromosome abnormalities, molecular basis of genetic disorders, environmental factors and birth defects, and genetic counseling and clinical management.

  4. 新书籍史对古文献学研究的启示%Reflection and Prospective Symposium of the Centennial Studies of Ancient Chinese Philology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张升

    2013-01-01

    Editor's note:It is both an important task and optimal subject of the 21st century philology to summarize the achievements of centen-nial ancient philology, reflect the current issues, grasp the development trend of ancient literature studies, expand research space, enrich the research contents, and put forward farsighted countermeasures for inhering and innovating Chinese culture, establishing ancient philology, and promoting academic development. To solve these problems, we organized a symposium of three articles. Professor Zhou Shaochuan's article clarifies the significance of centennial Chinese ancient books and ancient philology, pointing out two aspects of China's ancient books in the 20th century and the ancient literature studies: diachronic investigation following two main lines of collection of ancient books and establishment of ancient philology, and synchronic analysis from four aspects, that is, basic historical facts, methodology, basic principles, and scientific theorizing, in order to explore the development law of collection of ancient books and ancient philology, and specify the direction of ancient philology. Professor Wang Jilu's article discusses five urgent issues in ancient philology of the 21st century: theoretical system and research paradigm, philological heritages, the position of philology of ethnic minorities, comparative study of Chinese and Western philology, theories and methods in digitalization of ancient books, etc. Professor Zhang Sheng's article discusses the implication of Western new history of books for ancient philology, and argues that new history of books expands the horizon and scope of ancient philology. The introduction of methodology of social history and cultural history makes it clear that philology has social and cultural significance. Ancient philology should become solid and draw on interdisciplinary methods to enrich the content of its own research.

  5. 电网管理数据融合的输电全景驾驶舱技术%Research on Transmission Panoramic Cockpit Technology Based on Data Fusion of Grid Maintenance and Nanagement Data

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张志生; 曹敏; 高尚飞; 孙继鹏

    2014-01-01

    As yunnan power grid scale expands gradually, its increasingly complex operation mechanism and features, production operation management� Panoramic cockpit system research and development a set of transmission line,and formulate detailed,per-sonalized,index system, real-time reflect running state grid system, the equipment operational status, running environment, all kinds of monitoring analysis object of information visualization,visualization,shape� For the transmission operation,equipment ma-intenance,on-site professional personnel to provide monitoring,analysis,query,and the simulation of the " one-stop" operation platform� For condition monitoring of the transmission line, intelligent core business operations, decision support three aspects,combining the existing means of transmission line operations and related business data and related business processes, using a variety of new technical method for analyzing the operation of the transmission line maintenance,management,transmission business systems,ShengJu horizontal integration and application of vertical penetration� A panoramic view of the transmission line operations visualization,data integration and interaction� The main research contents include multi-source data fusion,multidimensional pano-ramic display,intelligent auxiliary decision-making,personalized index system,hierarchical classification to push.%研究开发一套输电线路全景驾驶舱系统,制定详尽的、个性化的指标体系,实时反映输电网系统运行状态、设备运维状态、运行环境状态,将各类监视分析对象的信息形象化、直观化、具体化。为输电运行、设备检修、现场作业等专业人员提供监视、分析、查询、操作和仿真的“一站式”操作平台。

  6. Preventing postoperative abdominal adhesions in a rat model with PEG-PCL-PEG hydrogel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yang B

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Bing Yang1,2*, ChangYang Gong1*, Xia Zhao2, ShengTao Zhou2, ZhengYu Li2, XiaoRong Qi2, Qian Zhong2, Feng Luo1, ZhiYong Qian11State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy, West China University Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, People's Republic of China; 2Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, West China Second University Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, People's Republic of China*These authors contributed equally in this workBackground: Poly (ethylene glycol-poly (ε-caprolactone-poly (ethylene glycol (PEG-PCL-PEG, PECE hydrogel has been demonstrated to be biocompatible and thermosensitive. In this study, its potential efficacy and mechanisms of preventing postsurgical abdominal adhesions were investigated.Results: PECE hydrogel was transformed into gel state from sol state in less than 20 seconds at 37°C. None of the animals treated with the hydrogel (n = 15 developed adhesions. In contrast, all untreated animals (n = 15 had adhesions that could only be separated by sharp dissection (P < 0.001. The hydrogel adhered to the peritoneal wounds, gradually disappeared from the wounds within 7 days, and transformed into viscous fluid, being completely absorbed within 12 days. The parietal and visceral peritoneum were remesothelialized in about 5 and 9 days, respectively. The hydrogel prevented the formation of fibrinous adhesion and the invasion of fibroblasts. Also, along with the hydrogel degradation, a temporary inflammatory cell barrier was formed which could effectively delay the invasion of fibroblasts during the critical period of mesothelial regeneration.Conclusion: The results suggested that PECE hydrogel could effectively prevent postsurgical intra-abdominal adhesions, which possibly result from the prevention of the fibrinous adhesion formation and the fibroblast invasion, the promotion of the remesothelialization, and the hydroflotation effect.Keywords: anti-adhesion, thermosensitive, barrier, biocompatible

  7. 创业失败学习的实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵荔

    2012-01-01

    What can entrepreneurs learn from the entrepreneurial failures? This study analyzed the differences between entrepreneurial learning and general learning, and described the research done by the entrepreneurial pioneer Cope. Cope had pointed out that entrepreneurs can learn five types of knowledge from failures: about oneself, about the business, about the environment and entrepreneurial networks, about small business management, and about the nature and management of relationship. Analyses of 6 cases published in the journal Sheng Yi Tong, included in CNKI, show that entrepreneurs can mainly learn knowledge about the business and then about oneself from failures.%创业者究竟能从失败的创业经历中获得怎样的学习呢?本研究分析了创业学习区别于一般学习的特点和内在过程,并介绍了创业先驱Cope在创业失败学习方面所做的研究。Cope指出,创业者能从失败中学习到五类知识:关于自己的、关于商业的、关于环境与网络的、关于小企业管理的和关于关系性质与管理的。基于中国期刊全文数据库收录的《生意通》杂志中所发表的6个案例,本研究对Cope的观点进行了检验。研究结果证实了Cope的说法,并发现从失败中主要能学习到关于商业的知识,其次是关于自己的知识。

  8. Serial changes of clinical parameters in a patient with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma with portal vein thrombosis achieving complete response after treatment with sorafenib

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kee KM

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Kwong-Ming Kee,1,2 Chao-Hung Hung,1,2 Jing-Houng Wang,1,2 Sheng-Nan Lu1,2 1Division of Hepatogastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; 2Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung, Taiwan Abstract: The prognosis is usually poor in advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC. Sorafenib is approved for Child-Pugh class A patients with unresectable and advanced HCC. We report here a rare case of a patient with advanced HCC with right portal vein thrombosis (PVT who achieved a complete response after treatment with sorafenib. This 74-year-old man was a case of non-hepatitis B and C virus-related cirrhosis. Multiphase liver computed tomography showed an 8 cm tumor with early enhance, early wash out, and right PVT at segment 8 of the right lobe. A liver tumor biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of poorly differentiated HCC. Blood tests showed Child-Pugh class A cirrhosis and an alpha-fetoprotein level of 33,058 ng/mL. Sorafenib was initiated at 800 mg/day but was eventually reduced to 400 mg every other day because of a grade 3 hand-foot skin reaction. The alpha fetoprotein (AFP level decreased rapidly with a linear trend after treatment. After log transformation, the calculated half-life of AFP was 6.84 days. There was no more tumor arterial enhancement, and tumor size was decreased to 3.7 cm on day 42. PVT shrank gradually and localized to the right anterior branch at month 9. There was no recurrence of tumor at the end of follow-up in month 19. Typical serial changes of clinical parameters were demonstrated in this patient. Keywords: hepatocellular carcinoma, sorafenib, complete response, portal vein thrombosis

  9. Moral Perplex and Ethic Appeal of Euthanasia in Contemporary Literature of China%中国当代文学中安乐死的道德困惑与伦理诉求

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓寒梅

    2012-01-01

    巴金、史铁生、周国平、毕淑敏等作家怀着深切的人道主义精神,在文学作品中探讨了安乐死实施对传统生死观、医德和家庭伦理观等的冲击,阐述了安乐死蕴含着的伦理道德意义:实施安乐死是对病人生命权利和生命价值的尊重,是现代医学人道主义和利他原则的体现。作家们通过身体力行或者文学创作等方式,将人道主义的精神延伸到个体生命的临终舞台,折射出强烈的生命意识和社会责任感。%BA Jin, SHI Tie-sheng, ZHOU Guo-ping, BI Shu-min are all concerned about humanity, and probe into the operation of euthanasia on traditional views, medical ethics and family morals. They reveal the moral significance of euthanasia, that is, the respect for the rights of the patients and the value of lives. They believe that euthanasia is the representation of humanity and altruism of modern medicals. These writers prolong humanity to the end of personal lives by their ~ractice or literal creation, and their deeds reflect their awareness of life and social responsibility.

  10. Injectable hydrogel as stem cell scaffolds from the thermosensitive terpolymer of NIPAAm/AAc/HEMAPCL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lian S

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Sheng Lian,1Yan Xiao,1 Qingqing Bian,1Yu Xia,2 Changfa Guo,2 Shenguo Wang,2 Meidong Lang11Shanghai Key Laboratory of Advanced Polymeric Materials, Key Laboratory for Ultrafine Materials of Ministry of Education, School of Materials Science and Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai, People's Republic of China; 2Department of Cardiac Surgery, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University and Shanghai Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Shanghai, People's Republic of ChinaAbstract: A series of biodegradable thermosensitive copolymers was synthesized by free radical polymerization with N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAAm, acrylic acid (AAc and macromer 2-hydroxylethyl methacrylate-poly(ε-caprolactone (HEMAPCL. The structure and composition of the obtained terpolymers were confirmed by proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, while their molecular weight was measured using gel permeation chromatography. The copolymers were dissolved in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS solution (pH = 7.4 with different concentrations to prepare hydrogels. The lower critical solution temperature (LCST, cloud point, and rheological property of the hydrogels were determined by differential scanning calorimetry, ultraviolet-visible spectrometry, and rotational rheometry, respectively. It was found that LCST of the hydrogel increased significantly with the increasing NIPAAm content, and hydrogel with higher AAc/HEMAPCL ratio exhibited better storage modulus, water content, and injectability. The hydrogels were formed by maintaining the copolymer solution at 37°C. The degradation experiment on the formed hydrogels was conducted in PBS solution for 2 weeks and demonstrated a less than 20% weight loss. Scanning electron microscopy was also used to study the morphology of the hydrogel. The copolymer with NIPAAm/AAc/HEMAPCL ratio of 88:9.6:2.4 was bioconjugated with type I collagen for the purpose of biocompatibility enhancement. In-vitro cytotoxicity

  11. Variational Monte Carlo study of chiral spin liquid in quantum antiferromagnet on the triangular lattice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Wen-Jun; Gong, Shou-Shu; Sheng, D. N.

    2016-08-01

    By using Gutzwiller projected fermionic wave functions and variational Monte Carlo technique, we study the spin-1 /2 Heisenberg model with the first-neighbor (J1), second-neighbor (J2), and additional scalar chiral interaction JχSi.(Sj×Sk) on the triangular lattice. In the nonmagnetic phase of the J1-J2 triangular model with 0.08 ≲J2/J1≲0.16 , recent density-matrix renormalization group (DMRG) studies [Zhu and White, Phys. Rev. B 92, 041105(R) (2015), 10.1103/PhysRevB.92.041105 and Hu, Gong, Zhu, and Sheng, Phys. Rev. B 92, 140403(R) (2015), 10.1103/PhysRevB.92.140403] find a possible gapped spin liquid with the signal of a competition between a chiral and a Z2 spin liquid. Motivated by the DMRG results, we consider the chiral interaction JχSi.(Sj×Sk) as a perturbation for this nonmagnetic phase. We find that with growing Jχ, the gapless U(1) Dirac spin liquid, which has the best variational energy for Jχ=0 , exhibits the energy instability towards a gapped spin liquid with nontrivial magnetic fluxes and nonzero chiral order. We calculate topological Chern number and ground-state degeneracy, both of which identify this flux state as the chiral spin liquid with fractionalized Chern number C =1 /2 and twofold topological degeneracy. Our results indicate a positive direction to stabilize a chiral spin liquid near the nonmagnetic phase of the J1-J2 triangular model.

  12. Spin liquid nature in the Heisenberg J1-J2 triangular antiferromagnet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iqbal, Yasir; Hu, Wen-Jun; Thomale, Ronny; Poilblanc, Didier; Becca, Federico

    2016-04-01

    We investigate the spin-1/2 Heisenberg model on the triangular lattice in the presence of nearest-neighbor J1 and next-nearest-neighbor J2 antiferromagnetic couplings. Motivated by recent findings from density-matrix renormalization group (DMRG) claiming the existence of a gapped spin liquid with signatures of spontaneously broken lattice point group symmetry [Zhu and White, Phys. Rev. B 92, 041105 (2015), 10.1103/PhysRevB.92.041105 and Hu, Gong, Zhu, and Sheng, Phys. Rev. B 92, 140403 (2015), 10.1103/PhysRevB.92.140403], we employ the variational Monte Carlo (VMC) approach to analyze the model from an alternative perspective that considers both magnetically ordered and paramagnetic trial states. We find a quantum paramagnet in the regime 0.08 ≲J2/J1≲0.16 , framed by 120∘ coplanar (stripe collinear) antiferromagnetic order for smaller (larger) J2/J1 . By considering the optimization of spin-liquid wave functions of a different gauge group and lattice point group content as derived from Abrikosov mean-field theory, we obtain the gapless U(1 ) Dirac spin liquid as the energetically most preferable state in comparison to all symmetric or nematic gapped Z2 spin liquids so far advocated by DMRG. Moreover, by the application of few Lanczos iterations, we find the energy to be the same as the DMRG result within error bars. To further resolve the intriguing disagreement between VMC and DMRG, we complement our methodological approach by the pseudofermion functional renormalization group (PFFRG) to compare the spin structure factors for the paramagnetic regime calculated by VMC, DMRG, and PFFRG. This model promises to be an ideal test bed for future numerical refinements in tracking the long-range correlations in frustrated magnets.

  13. Autophagy regulates the stemness of cervical cancer stem cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yang Y

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Yi Yang,1,2 Li Yu,1 Jin Li,1 Ya Hong Yuan,1 Xiao Li Wang,1 Shi Rong Yan,1 Dong Sheng Li,1 Yan Ding1 1Hubei Key Laboratory of Embryonic Stem Cell Research, 2Reproductive Center, Taihe Hospital, Hubei University of Medicine, Shiyan, People’s Republic of China Abstract: Cancer stem cells (CSCs are a rare population of multipotent cells with the capacity to self-renew. It has been reported that there are CSCs in cervical cancer cells. Pluripotency-associated (PA transcription factors such as Oct4, Sox2, Nanog and CD44 have been used to isolate CSCs subpopulations. In this study, we showed that autophagy plays an important role in the biological behavior of cervical cancer cells. The expression of the autophagy protein Beclin 1 and LC3B was higher in tumorspheres established from human cervical cancers cell lines (and CaSki than in the parental adherent cells. It was also observed that the basal and starvation-induced autophagy flux was higher in tumorspheres than in the bulk population. Autophagy could regulate the expression level of PA proteins in cervical CSCs. In addition, CRISPR/Cas 9-mediated Beclin 1 knockout enhanced the malignancy of HeLa cells, leading to accumulation of PA proteins and promoted tumorsphere formation. Our findings suggest that autophagy modulates homeostasis of PA proteins, and Beclin 1 is critical for CSC maintenance and tumor development in nude mice. This demonstrates that a prosurvival autophagic pathway is critical for CSC maintenance. Keywords: cervical cancer, autophagy, cancer stem cell, LC3, Oct4

  14. Efficacy of intraarterial chemoinfusion therapy for locally advanced breast cancer patients: a retrospective analysis of 28 cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang W

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Wei Zhang,1,* Rong Liu,1,* Yingying Wang,1 Sheng Qian,1 Jianhua Wang,1 Zhiping Yan,1 Hongwei Zhang21Department of Interventional Radiology, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China; 2Department of General Surgery, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China*These authors contributed equally to this workObjective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the outcome of image-guided delivery of intraarterially infused chemotherapeutic drugs for patients with locally advanced breast cancer.Methods: Twenty-eight patients with pathologically proven, locally advanced breast cancer received intraarterial chemoinfusion therapy (chemoinfusion with docetaxel 75 mg/m2 and epirubicin 50 mg/m2. Digital subtraction angiography was performed to determine tumor arterial blood supply and to guide chemotherapy infusion. Patients were evaluated for complete remission (CR and partial remission (PR.Results: Twenty-eight patients received a total of 64 intraarterial chemoinfusions, 20 patients (71.4% received two infusions, and eight patients (28.6% received three infusions. One patient (3.6% had CR and 23 (82.1% had PR. The total effectiveness rate (CR and PR was 85.7% (24/28. All stage 3 patients underwent Phase II surgical resection after chemoinfusion, and the surgical resection participation rate was 100% (26/26. The mean time from the first chemoinfusion to surgery was 2 ± 1.2 months. Two patients with stage 4 cancer died of distant metastasis and cachexia, and the remaining 26 patients were still alive.Conclusion: Intraarterial chemoinfusion is a safe and effective therapy, achieving down-staging in a relatively short period for locally advanced breast cancer.Keywords: advanced breast cancer, intraarterial infusion, chemotherapy, therapeutic effect

  15. Healing of Achilles tendon partial tear following focused shockwave: a case report and literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hsu YC

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Yu-Chun Hsu,1,* Wei-Ting Wu,2,* Ke-Vin Chang,2–4 Der-Sheng Han,2–4 Li-Wei Chou5–7 1Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, 2Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation and Community and Geriatric Research Center, National Taiwan University Hospital, Bei-Hu Branch, 3National Taiwan University College of Medicine, 4Community and Geriatric Research Center, National Taiwan University Hospital, Bei-Hu Branch, Taipei, 5Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, China Medical University Hospital, 6Graduate Institute of Acupuncture Science, College of Chinese Medicine, China Medical University, 7Department of Rehabilitation, Asia University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: Achilles tendinopathy is a common cause of posterior heel pain and can progress to partial tendon tear without adequate treatment. Effects of traditional treatments vary, and many recent reports focus on the use of extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT for Achilles tendinopathy but not for Achilles tendon partial tear. Here, we report the case of a 64-year-old female suffering from severe left heel pain for half a year. All treatment and rehabilitation were less effective until ESWT was applied. Each course of focused shockwave therapy included 2500 shots with energy flux density from 0.142 mJ/mm2 to 0.341 mJ/mm2. The visual analog scale decreased from nine to one degree. High-resolution musculoskeletal ultrasonography was performed before and 1 month after the treatment, which revealed healing of the torn region and decrease in inflammation. ESWT had shown to be an alternative treatment for Achilles tendon partial tear under safety procedure and ultrasound observation. Keywords: focused shockwave, Achilles tendon, partial tear, ultrasonography

  16. Development and practice of a Telehealthcare Expert System (TES).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Hanjun; Hsu, Yeh-Liang; Hsu, Ming-Shinn; Cheng, Chih-Ming

    2013-07-01

    Expert systems have been widely used in medical and healthcare practice for various purposes. In addition to vital sign data, important concerns in telehealthcare include the compliance with the measurement prescription, the accuracy of vital sign measurements, and the functioning of vital sign meters and home gateways. However, few expert system applications are found in the telehealthcare domain to address these issues. This article presents an expert system application for one of the largest commercialized telehealthcare practices in Taiwan by Min-Sheng General Hospital. The main function of the Telehealthcare Expert System (TES) developed in this research is to detect and classify events based on the measurement data transmitted to the database at the call center, including abnormality of vital signs, violation of vital sign measurement prescriptions, and malfunction of hardware devices (home gateway and vital sign meter). When the expert system detects an abnormal event, it assigns an "urgent degree" and alerts the nursing team in the call center to take action, such as phoning the patient for counseling or to urge the patient to return to the hospital for further tests. During 2 years of clinical practice, from 2009 to 2011, 19,182 patients were served by the expert system. The expert system detected 41,755 events, of which 22.9% indicated abnormality of vital signs, 75.2% indicated violation of measurement prescription, and 1.9% indicated malfunction of devices. On average, the expert system reduced by 76.5% the time that the nursing team in the call center spent in handling the events. The expert system helped to reduce cost and improve quality of the telehealthcare service.

  17. Reducing drug–herb interaction risk with a computerized reminder system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lin SS

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Sheng-Shing Lin,1,2 Chiu-Lin Tsai,3 Ching-Yeh Tu,3 Ching-Liang Hsieh2,4,5 1Graduate Institute of Chinese Medicine, College of Chinese Medicine, China Medical University, 2Department of Chinese Medicine, China Medical University Hospital, 3Division of Chinese Medicine, Department of Pharmacy, China Medical University Hospital, 4Graduate Institute of Integrated Medicine, College of Chinese Medicine, China Medical University, 5Research Center for Chinese Medicine and Acupuncture, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan Background: Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM and Western medicine are both popular in Taiwan. Approximately 14.1% of Taiwanese residents use Western drugs and Chinese herbs concurrently; therefore, drug–herb interaction is critical to patient safety. This paper presents a new procedure for reducing the risk of drug interactions.Methods: Hospital computer systems are modified to ensure that drug–herb interactions are automatically detected when a TCM practitioner is writing a prescription. A pop-up reminder appears, warning of interactions, and the practitioner may adjust doses, delete herbs, or leave the prescription unchanged. A pharmacist will receive interaction information through the system and provide health education to the patient.Results: During the 2011–2013 study period, 256 patients received 891 herbal prescriptions with potential drug–herb interactions. Three of the 50 patients who concurrently used ginseng and antidiabetic drugs manifested hypoglycemia (fasting blood sugar level ≤70 mg/dL.Conclusion: Drug–herb interactions can cause adverse reactions. A computerized reminder system can enable TCM practitioners to reduce the risk of drug–herb interactions. In addition, health education for patients is crucial in avoiding adverse reaction by the interactions. Keywords: Traditional Chinese medicine, Western medicine, adverse reaction

  18. Robust aptamer–polydopamine-functionalized M-PLGA–TPGS nanoparticles for targeted delivery of docetaxel and enhanced cervical cancer therapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xu GJ

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Guojun Xu,1–3,* Xinghua Yu,2,* Jinxie Zhang,1,2,* Yingchao Sheng,4 Gan Liu,2 Wei Tao,1,2 Lin Mei1,2 1School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 2Graduate School at Shenzhen, Tsinghua University, Shenzhen, 3School of Materials Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 4Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Changshu Hospital of TCM, Changshu, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: One limitation of current biodegradable polymeric nanoparticles (NPs is the contradiction between functional modification and maintaining formerly excellent bioproperties with simple procedures. Here, we reported a robust aptamer–polydopamine-functionalized mannitol-functionalized poly(lactide-co-glycolide (M-PLGA–D-α-tocopheryl polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate (TPGS nanoformulation (Apt-pD-NPs for the delivery of docetaxel (DTX with enhanced cervical cancer therapy effects. The novel DTX-loaded Apt-pD-NPs possess satisfactory advantages: 1 increased drug loading content and encapsulation efficiency induced by star-shaped copolymer M-PLGA–TPGS; 2 significant active targeting effect caused by conjugated AS1411 aptamers; and 3 excellent long-term compatibility by incorporation of TPGS. Therefore, with simple preparation procedures and excellent bioproperties, the new functionalized Apt-pD-NPs could maximally increase the local effective drug concentration on tumor sites, achieving enhanced treatment effectiveness and minimizing side effects. In a word, the robust DTX-loaded Apt-pD-NPs could be used as potential nanotherapeutics for cervical cancer treatment, and the aptamer–polydopamine modification strategy could be a promising method for active targeting of cancer therapy with simple procedures. Keywords: dopamine, AS1411 aptamer, active targeting, polymeric NPs, enhanced cervical chemotherapy

  19. Validation study of the modified injection technique for internal mammary sentinel lymph node biopsy in breast cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cong BB

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Bin-Bin Cong,1,2,* Xiao-Shan Cao,1,2,* Peng-Fei Qiu,1 Yan-Bing Liu,1 Tong Zhao,1 Peng Chen,1 Chun-Jian Wang,1 Zhao-Peng Zhang,1 Xiao Sun,1 Yong-Sheng Wang1 1Breast Cancer Center, Shandong Cancer Hospital and Institute, 2School of Medicine and Life Sciences, Jinan University-Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, Jinan, Shandong, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this study Abstract: According to the hypothesis of internal mammary sentinel lymph node (IM-SLN lymphatic drainage pattern, a modified radiotracer injection technique (periareolar intraparenchyma, high volume, and ultrasonographic guidance was established. To verify the accuracy of the hypothesis and validate the modified radiotracer injection technique and to observe whether the lymphatic drainage of the whole breast parenchyma could reach to the same IM-SLN, different tracers were injected into different locations of the breast. The validation study results showed that the correlation and the agreement of the radiotracer and the fluorescence tracer are significant (case-base, rs =0.808, P<0.001; Kappa =0.79, P<0.001. It proved that the lymphatic drainage from different location of the breast (the primary tumor, the subareolar plexus reached the same IM-SLNs and the hypothesis of IM-SLN lymphatic drainage pattern (ie, IM-SLN receives lymphatic drainage from not only the primary tumor area, but also the entire breast parenchyma. In other words, it validated the accuracy of our modified radiotracer injection technique. Keywords: breast cancer, internal mammary, sentinel lymph node biopsy, visualization rate

  20. Internal mammary lymph node management – further direction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vrana D

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available D Vrana,1,2 J Gatek3,4 1Department of Oncology, 2Institute of Molecular and Translational Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacky University, Olomouc, 3Department of Surgery, Atlas Hospital, 4Faculty of Humanities, Tomas Bata University in Zlín, Zlín, Czech Republic We read the article titled “Internal mammary sentinel lymph node biopsy: abandon or persist?” by Qiu et al with high interest. This was an excellent paper regarding the contemporary management of internal mammary lymph nodes (IMLN in early-stage breast cancer1 and we would like to take this opportunity to comment on this paper.There are several unresolved questions regarding early-stage breast management including axillary staging, clear resection margin, or IMLN.2–4 We have been focusing on the issues of IMLN for almost a decade and just recently published our data regarding IMLN management. We absolutely agree that one has to carefully balance the benefit and potential risks of biopsy or radiotherapy of IMLN.  Authors' reply Peng-Fei Qiu, Yong-Sheng WangBreast Cancer Center, Shandong Cancer Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan, People’s Republic of China  We appreciate the letter from Professors Vrana and Gatek regarding our article titled “Internal mammary sentinel lymph node biopsy: abandon or persist?”.1 We have been following their publications regarding internal mammary lymph nodes (IMLN management since the publication of their article titled “Prognostic influence of internal mammary node drainage in patients with early-stage breast cancer” in December 20162 and we share their interest on this topic.  View the original paper by Qiu and colleagues.

  1. 孤岛油田水淹层地层水电阻率计算方法研究%Computation Method of Formation Water Resistivity for Water-flooded Zones in Gudao Oilfield

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘中奇; 崔琳; 董婷; 熊维

    2012-01-01

    In order to find residual oil of Gudao Oilfield Ng group in Shengli oil/gas zone, formation water resistivity, especially, flooded formation water resistivity needs to be accurately calculated. It is difficult to accurately calculate mud filtrate resistivity. Proposed is a new method to determine mud filtrate resistivity--known water layer calibration method. Based on the spontaneous potential logging principle, wellbore mud filtrate resistivity is calibrated with known water resistivity. With the calibrated mud filtrate resistivity, spontaneous potential can be applied to obtain the formation water resistivity of the target layers. The new method can accurately calculate the formation water resistivity even in water-flooded zones.%为寻找胜利油气区孤岛油田Ng组剩余油富集区,需要准确求取地层水电阻率,特别是水淹层地层水电阻率,难点在于泥浆滤液电阻率的准确求取.提出一种新的泥浆滤液电阻率确定方法——已知水层标定法.基于自然电位测并原理,用已知水层的电阻率标定井筒泥浆滤液的电阻率,用标定后的泥浆滤液电阻率应用自然电位测井求取目的层的地层水电阻率.该方法能够比较准确地计算地层水的电阻率,对水淹层地层水电阻率的计算也非常有效.

  2. Possible association between phantom vibration syndrome and occupational burnout

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen CP

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Chao-Pen Chen,1 Chi-Cheng Wu,2 Li-Ren Chang,3 Yu-Hsuan Lin4 1Department of Education, National Taiwan University Hospital, 2Department of Family Medicine, Min-Sheng General Hospital, Taoyuan City, 3Department of Psychiatry, National Taiwan University, College of Medicine, 4Institute of Brain Science, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan Background: Phantom vibration syndrome (PVS and phantom ringing syndrome (PRS occur in many cell phone users. Previous studies have indicated an association between PVS/PRS and job stress. The aim of this study was to determine if PVS/PRS were also associated with occupational burnout.Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of 384 employees of a high-tech company in northern Taiwan. They all completed a phantom vibration and ringing questionnaire, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and the Chinese version of the Occupational Burnout Inventory.Results: Significantly more women and people with at least a college education were in the population with PRS and PVS, respectively. Anxiety and depression had no associations with PVS/PRS. Higher scores for personal fatigue, job fatigue, and service target fatigue had an independent impact on the presence of PVS, but only a higher score for service target fatigue had an independent impact on the presence of PRS.Conclusion: The independent association between work-related burnout and PVS/PRS suggests that PVS/PRS may be a harbinger of mental stress or a component of the clinical burnout syndrome, and may even be a more convenient and accurate predictor of occupational burnout. Keywords: phantom vibration syndrome, phantom ringing syndrome, occupational burnout

  3. 缥缈变化的“宋”罗%Leno weaving techniques in Song Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗群

    2012-01-01

    回顾了罗的变化历史及其组织结构和织造技术的演化,分析了南宋黄昇墓中出土的各种花罗组织结构多样性,重点探讨了二经绞平纹花罗、二经绞浮纬花罗、三经绞平纹花罗、三经绞斜纹花罗、三经绞隐纹花罗等在小花楼束综提花机上的装造形式、织造工艺和操作程序,为再现古代提花织罗技术的奇巧及保护和传承这项独特的丝织技艺提供技术支持.%This study introduced the evolution, weave structure and weaving technique of leno fabric and analyzed the weave diversity of patterned lenos excavated from "Huang Sheng" tomb of Song Dynasty. The loom style, weaving handicraft and operation sequence in the jacquard of the patterned lenos consisting of two warp ends with pattern woven by tabby, two warp ends with pattern woven with float weft, three warp ends with pattern woven by tabby, three warp ends with pattern woven by twill 1/2 and three warp ends with ground woven by leno and pattern woven by leno were emphatically researched. This study will provide the technical support for the reappearance, protection and inheritance of the ancient silk leno weaving techniques.

  4. 土楼夯土结构受力变形特性的数值模拟%Numerical Simulation of Tulou Rammed Earth Structure Deformation Characteristics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许永贤; 彭兴黔; 梁兰娣

    2015-01-01

    Using the finite element software ANSYS,the overall structure models of the Tulou rammed earth square Tu-lou of Jiu-sheng and Circular Tulou of Qiao-fu in Yongding County were established and simulated numerically.The simu-lation results show that the maximum stress of rammed earth wall is under the measured stress peak of the material,its structural strength meets the performance requirements;in circular Tulou,the distribution of stress and displacement va-ry uniformly with the thickness of wall,indicating that the circular form is more reasonable.The weak parts of the Tulou rammed earth structure are point out,to strengthen and maintain of the Tulou.%以福建永定土楼中的九盛楼(方形)及侨福楼(圆形)为研究对象,采用ANSYS有限元软件,对土楼夯土结构建立整体模型,并通过数值模拟对两种典型的土楼进行对比分析。结果表明:夯土墙体的最大应力在材料实测的峰值应力以下,其结构强度符合要求;圆形土楼的位移和应力随厚度均匀分布,夯筑形式更加合理。同时,分析夯土结构的薄弱部位,为土楼的加固和维护提供依据。

  5. Psychoanalysis of Eating in Novel King ofthe Chess%小说《棋王》中“吃”的精神分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢奉伸

    2015-01-01

    以精神分析理论中“本我”、“自我”及“超我”等三种人格构造分析了《棋王》中主人公王一生在面对“吃”与“棋”的生活问题背后的精神状况。通过探讨王一生对于“吃”与“棋”的态度背后的深层心理状况,挖掘了王一生的“吃”与“棋”二者背后的隐秘联系。二者的相互影响塑造了王一生的道家文化人格,揭示了这种人格对于我们当下生活的启示。%This paper analyzed the mental state of the protagonist named WANG Yi-sheng of the novel King ofthe Chess who was faced problems behind his eating and playing chess in his lifetime.The paper applied the theory of“id”,“ego”and “superego”the three kinds of personality framework to analyze the protagonist.It explored the bottom psychological status and life attitude of the protagonist behind his eating and playing chess and discussed the hidden relationship between the eating and playing chess.It also delved into how the relationship influenced the protagonist and shaped his Taoist cultured personality and at the same time revealed this personality′s enlightenment to our present life.

  6. Development of oral dispersible tablets containing prednisolone nanoparticles for the management of pediatric asthma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen YD

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Yi-Dan Chen,1 Zhong-Yuan Liang,1 Yan-Yan Cen,1 He Zhang,2 Mei-Gui Han,2 Yun-Qiao Tian,2 Jie Zhang,2 Shu-Jun Li,2 Da-Sheng Yang2 1College of Pharmacy, The Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, 2Department of Pediatrics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xinxiang Medical University, Xinxiang, People’s Republic of ChinaAbstract: The purpose of the present study was to develop oral dispersible tablets containing prednisolone (PDS-loaded chitosan nanoparticles using microcrystalline cellulose (MCC 101, lactose, and croscarmellose sodium (CCS. The PDS-loaded chitosan nanoparticles were formulated by ionotropic external gelation technique in order to enhance the solubility of PDS in salivary pH. Prepared nanoparticles were used for the development of oral fast disintegrating tablets by direct compression method. The prepared tablets were evaluated for disintegration time (DT, in vitro drug release (DR, thickness, weight variation, drug content uniformity, friability, and hardness. The effect of concentrations of the dependent variables (MCC, lactose, CCS on DT and in vitro DR was studied. Fast disintegrating tablets of PDS can be prepared by using MCC, CCS, and lactose with enhanced solubility of PDS. The minimum DT was found to be 15 seconds, and the maximum DR within 30 minutes was 98.50%. All independent variables selected for the study were statistically significant. Oral fast disintegrating tablets containing PDS nanoparticles could be the better choice for the pediatric patients that would result in better patient compliance. From this study, it can be concluded that fast disintegrating tablets could be a potential drug delivery technology for the management of asthma in pediatrics. Keywords: asthma, superdisintegrant, prednisolone, oral tablets, MCC, CCS, factorial design, ANOVA

  7. A comparison of complex sleep behaviors with two short-acting Z-hypnosedative drugs in nonpsychotic patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen LF

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Li-Fen Chen,1 Ching-En Lin,1–3 Yu-Ching Chou,4 Wei-Chung Mao,1,5 Yi-Chyan Chen,1–3 Nian-Sheng Tzeng1,6 1Department of Psychiatry, Tri-Service General Hospital, School of Medicine, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei City, Taiwan; 2Taipei Tzu Chi Hospital, The Buddhist Medical Foundation, Taipei, Taiwan; 3School of Medicine, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan; 4School of Public Health, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei City, Taiwan; 5Institute of Brain Science, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei City, Taiwan; 6Student Counseling Center, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei City, Taiwan Objective: Complex sleep behaviors (CSBs are classified as “parasomnias” in the International Classification of Sleep Disorders, Second Edition (ICSD-2. To realize the potential danger after taking two short-acting Z-hypnosedative drugs, we estimated the incidence of CSBs in nonpsychotic patients in Taiwan. Methods: Subjects (N = 1,220 using zolpidem or zopiclone were enrolled from the psychiatric outpatient clinics of a medical center in Taiwan over a 16-month period in 2006–2007. Subjects with zolpidem (N = 1,132 and subjects with zopiclone (N = 88 were analyzed. All subjects completed a questionnaire that included demographic data and complex sleep behaviors after taking hypnotics. Results: Among zolpidem and zopiclone users, 3.28% of patients reported incidents of somnambulism or amnesic sleep-related behavior problems. The incidence of CSBs with zolpidem and zopiclone were 3.27%, and 3.41%, respectively, which was significantly lower than other studies in Taiwan. Conclusion: These results serve as a reminder for clinicians to make inquiries regarding any unusual performance of parasomnic activities when prescribing zolpidem or zopiclone. Keywords: parasomnia, somnambulism, amnesic sleep-related behavior, sleepwalking, zolpidem, zopiclone

  8. Analysis of the Gardening Features of Junpu of Song Dynasty%宋代郡圃园林特点分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毛华松; 廖聪全

    2012-01-01

    Junpu, prefectural garden, has appeared very often in annals of local histories, scenic spots and poetries of notables. Such prolific amount and detailed record has gradually aroused the academic circle's attention. With its detailed literature record and rare historical pictures, the junpu of Song Dynasty, as an example of urban landscape construction and a phased case of public park development, has empirical values in understanding gardens, especially gardens of government offices in Song Dynasty. With the combination of pictures and texts preserved comparatively completely in the Southern Song Dynasty's annals of Jiangnan history and related account in Yu Di Ji Sheng and other related literature about junpu, this article analyses junpu's location and function relationship with city and location of government office, and concludes junpu's definition, park function and scenic spot construction feature.%郡圃,大量出现在各地地方志、名胜志及名人诗文之中,其丰富的数量及详尽的记载逐步引起学术界的关注.而宋代郡圃,作为城市园林建设的典范和公共园林发展的阶段性案例,加之其洋尽的文献记载和珍贵的历史图片,对于理解宋代园林特别是官署园林有着实证的意义.结合保存较为完整的南宋江南地方志中的图文,综合《舆地纪胜》的相关记载和其他郡圃相关文献,分析郡圃与城市、府治的区位、功能关系,归纳郡圃的概念界定、园林功能及景点营造特色.

  9. Disinfection effects of undoped and silver-doped ceria powders of nanometer crystallite size

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tsai DS

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Dah-Shyang Tsai,1 Tzu-Sen Yang,2,3 Yu-Sheng Huang,1 Pei-Wen Peng,2,4 Keng-Liang Ou3,4 1Department of Chemical Engineering, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, 2School of Dental Technology, 3Graduate Institute of Biomedical Materials and Tissue Engineering, 4Research Center for Biomedical Implants and Microsurgery Devices, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan Abstract: Being endowed with an ability of capturing and releasing oxygen, the ceria surface conventionally assumes the role of catalyzing redox reactions in chemistry. This catalytic effect also makes possible its cytotoxicity toward microorganisms at room temperature. To study this cytotoxicity, we synthesized the doped and undoped ceria particles of 8–9 nm in size using an inexpensive precipitation method and evaluated their disinfecting aptitudes with the turbidimetric and plate count methods. Among the samples being analyzed, the silver-doped ceria exhibits the highest sterilization ability, yet the undoped ceria is the most intriguing. The disinfection effect of undoped ceria is moderate in magnitude, demanding a physical contact between the ceria surface and bacteria cell wall, or the redox catalysis that can damage the cell wall and result in the cell killing. Evidently, this effect is short-range and depends strongly on dispersion of the nanoparticles. In contrast, the disinfection effects of silver-doped ceria reach out several millimeters since it releases silver ions to poison the surrounding microorganisms. Additionally, the aliovalent silver substitution creates more ceria defects. The synergetic combination, silver poisoning and heterogeneous redox catalysis, lifts and extends the disinfecting capability of silver-doped ceria to a superior level. Keywords: ceria nanoparticle, antibacterial activity, cytotoxicity, oxygen vacancy, reactive oxygen species

  10. AMS 14 C dating controlled records of monsoon and Indonesian throughflow variability from the eastern Indian Ocean of the past 32,000 years

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Z. Y.; Chen, M. T.; Shi, X.; Liu, S.; Wang, H.

    2015-12-01

    Zi-Ye Li a, Min-Te Chen b, Hou-Jie Wang a, Sheng-Fa Liu c, Xue-Fa Shi ca College of Marine Geosciences, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, P.R. Chinab Institute of Applied Geosciences, National Taiwan Ocean University, Keelung, Taiwan 20224, ROCc First Institute of Oceanography, SOA, Qingdao 266100, P.R. China Indonesian throughflow (ITF) is one of the most important currents responsible for transporting heat and moisture from the western Pacific to the Indian Oceans. The ITF is also well-known as effectively in modulating the global climate change with the interactions among ENSO and Asian monsoons. Here we present an AMS 14C dating controlled sea surface temperature (SST) record from core SO184-10043 (07°18.57'S, 105°03.53'E), which was retrieved from 2171m water depth at a north-south depression located at the southeastern offshore area of Sumatera in the eastern Indian Ocean. Based on our high-resolution SST using Mg/Ca analyses based on planktonic foraminifera shells of Globigerinoides ruber and alkenone index, U k'37-SST, oxygen isotope stratigraphy, and AMC 14C age-controls, our records show that, during the past 32,000 years, the SSTs were decreased which imply weaker ITF during Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 2 and 3. The weaker UTF may respond to strengthened northeast monsoon during the boreal winter. During 21 to 15ka, the southeast monsoon had been stronger and the northeast monsoon was relatively weaker. During 15 to 8ka, rapid sea level rising may allow the opening of the gateways in the Makassar Strait and Lombok Strait that may have further strengthened the ITF. During the early Holocene, the northeast and southeast monsoons seem to be both strengthened. We will discuss the implications of the hydrographic variability and their age uncertainties in this paper during the meeting.

  11. 保险经纪同业对标发展研究%Research on Insurance Brokerage Industry Benchmarking Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋庆松; 白荣霞

    2011-01-01

    国内的保险经纪业属于新兴行业,本文从分析保险经纪业在保险市场中的定位、业务结构、业务规模状况入手,并针对目前国内保险经纪发展较好的长安保险经纪、江泰保险经纪有限公司,作者从公司概况、业务收入与利润、业务种类及服务行业、业务机制等进行了着重研究,并与竞盛保险经纪股份有限公司现状进行对标分析,明确自身与业界最佳的差距,从而提出了适合竞盛的具有战略性发展意义的发展建议。%The insurance brokerage belongs to emerging industries In Domestic,the author analyzes the location of insurance brokerage industry、business scale、business structure in insurance market.The paper starts from domestic developing better Changan insurance brokerage company、JiangTai insurance brokerage company.And the author contrastive analyzes the company profiles、business revenue and profit、business types and service industry,business mechanism in five major aspects and bowls between JingSheng insurance brokerage,clears out the gap between itself and the same trade,then puts forward the JingShen's development Suggestions stratigicly.

  12. [Analysis of XRD spectral characteristics of soil clay mineral in two typical cultivated soils].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Zhi-Dan; Luo, Xiang-Li; Jiang, Hai-Chao; Li, Qiao; Shen, Cong-Ying; Liu, Hang; Zhou, Ya-Juan; Zhao, Lan-Po; Wang, Ji-Hong

    2014-07-01

    The present paper took black soil and chernozem, the typical cultivated soil in major grain producing area of Northeast, as the study object, and determinated the soil particle composition characteristics of two cultivated soils under the same climate and location. Then XRD was used to study the composition and difference of clay mineral in two kinds of soil and the evolutionary mechanism was explored. The results showed that the two kinds of soil particles were composed mainly of the sand, followed by clay and silt. When the particle accumulation rate reached 50%, the central particle size was in the 15-130 microm interval. Except for black soil profile of Shengli Xiang, the content of clay showed converse sequence to the central particle in two soils. Clay accumulated under upper layer (18.82%) in black soil profile while under caliche layer (17.41%) in chernozem profile. Clay content was the least in parent material horizon except in black profile of Quanyanling. Analysis of clay XRD atlas showed that the difference lied in not only the strength of diffraction peak, but also in the mineral composition. The main contents of black soil and chernozem were both 2 : 1 clay, the composition of black soil was smectite/illite mixed layer-illite-vermiculite and that of chernozem was S/I mixture-illite-montmorillonite, and both of them contained little kaolinite, chlorite, quartz and other primary mineral. This paper used XRD to determine the characteristics of clay minerals comprehensively, and analyzed two kinds of typical cultivated soil comparatively, and it was a new perspective of soil minerals study.

  13. A pilot-scale study on heavy oil sewage reused in thermal recovery boiler%稠油污水回用于热采锅炉中试研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王海峰; 任福建; 刘莉; 李阳; 刘晓元; 刘向君

    2013-01-01

    A pilot-scale study on reusing heavy oil sewage from Chenzhuang of Shengli Oilfield in thermal recovery boiler was carried out, the flow and the design parameters of the process were determined with the techniques of oil, SS and salt removal analyzed and discussed at the same time. The results showed that, on the basis of biological oil-removing technique, a combined process of sedimentation, flocculation, filtration, ultrafiltration and reverse osmosis desalination was finally determined and used to treat heavy oil sewage, and the effluent water quality after the treatment could meet the steam boiler feed water standard. Thus it could draw a conclusion that, the application of the said technology for the resource utilization of the sewage in oilfield would achieve obvious economic and environmental benefits.%对胜利油田陈庄稠油污水回用于热采锅炉进行了现场中试研究,确定了工艺流程和设计参数,并对除油、除SS、脱盐等工艺进行了分析讨论.结果表明,采用以生物除油为基础,结合沉淀、絮凝、过滤、超滤、反渗透脱盐的技术路线对稠油污水进行处理,处理后出水水质达到热采锅炉给水水质标准的要求.将该项技术应用于油田污水资源化利用,可取得明显的经济效益和环境效益.

  14. Exenatide once-weekly injection for the treatment of type 2 diabetes in Chinese patients: current perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deng W

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Wuquan Deng,1,* Sheng Qiu,1,* Gangyi Yang,2 Bing Chen1 1Department of Endocrinology, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University, 2Department of Endocrinology, Second Affiliated Hospital, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1 analogs, such as exenatide, have played an important role as antidiabetic medications in the treatment of type 2 diabetes (T2DM. Like most other hypoglycemic agents, exenatide has a number of actions, including lowering blood glucose, promoting weight loss, improving insulin resistance, and protecting islet β-cells. Although GLP-1 analogs, combined with other antidiabetic medications, have excellent performance in T2DM, some side effects and imperfections limit its use in clinical practice. Since 2012, a new generation GLP-1 agent, exenatide once weekly (QW, has been available for patients with T2DM in the USA, but not as yet in the People’s Republic of China. Previous data indicate that exenatide QW achieves better fasting glucose reductions than sitagliptin or exenatide twice daily, whilst appearing non-inferior to pioglitazone and achieving less reductions than insulin glargine. Exenatide QW was better at improving average postprandial glucose than sitagliptin or titrated insulin glargine, but was inferior to exenatide twice daily. Additionally exenatide QW has a better effect in terms of weight loss than other glycemic medications. Exenatide QW can also reduce blood lipids and lower blood pressure. Accordingly, exenatide QW is cost-effective, achieves good clinical outcomes, and has acceptable side effects, indicating that it has promising prospects for future use in the People’s Republic of China. Keywords: diabetes, glycemic control, exenatide once weekly

  15. Application of oil-water discrimination technology in fractured reservoirs using the differences between fast and slow shear-waves

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Cong; Li, Xiangyang; Huang, Guangtan

    2017-08-01

    Oil-water discrimination is of great significance in the design and adjustment of development projects in oil fields. For fractured reservoirs, based on anisotropic S-wave splitting information, it becomes possible to effectively solve such problems which are difficult to deal with in traditional longitudinal wave exploration, due to the similar bulk modulus and density of these two fluids. In this paper, by analyzing the anisotropic character of the Chapman model (2009 Geophysics 74 97-103), the velocity and reflection coefficient differences between the fast and slow S-wave caused by fluid substitution have been verified. Then, through a wave field response analysis of the theoretical model, we found that water saturation causes a longer time delay, a larger time delay gradient and a lower amplitude difference between the fast and slow S-wave, while the oil case corresponds to a lower time delay, a lower gradient and a higher amplitude difference. Therefore, a new class attribute has been proposed regarding the amplitude energy of the fast and slow shear wave, used for oil-water distinction. This new attribute, as well as that of the time delay gradient, were both applied to the 3D3C seismic data of carbonate fractured reservoirs in the Luojia area of the Shengli oil field in China. The results show that the predictions of the energy attributes are more consistent with the well information than the time delay gradient attribute, hence demonstrating the great advantages and potential of this new attribute in oil-water recognition.

  16. Myofibroblasts and their resistance to apoptosis: a possible mechanism of osteoradionecrosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tian L

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Lei Tian,1 Li-Sheng He,1 Bhavesh Soni,2 Hong-Tao Shang11Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Stomatology, Fourth Military Medical University, China; 2Maxillofacial Unit, Morriston Hospital, Swansea, Wales, UKAbstract: Osteoradionecrosis (ORN in the head and neck area is the most devastating long-term complication of radiotherapy, with slow progression and inability to heal spontaneously. ORN can lead to intolerable pain, fractures, and sequestration of devitalized bone and fistulae, making oral feeding impossible and causing facial deformation. In spite of its notorious reputation over at least 90 years, the precise pathogenesis of ORN has not been fully clarified, which has led to obstacles in the management of the disease. Several theories about its pathogenesis have been formulated, and radiation-induced fibrosis is the newest one. According to this theory, ORN is essentially a type of fibrosis induced by radiotherapy, and antifibrosis therapy has been shown to be effective in its treatment. We assumed that ORN, like fibrosis in other organs, is the result of a process of fibrogenesis in which myofibroblasts are the key effector cells. The uninterrupted accumulation of myofibroblasts and consequent persistent excess production of collagenous extracellular matrix and tensile force result in loss of normal function and ultimately radiation-induced fibrosis. During this process, myofibroblasts may be protected from apoptosis by acquiring an immune-privileged capacity, which allows continuous matrix synthesis. If this hypothesis proves to be correct, it would enable better understanding of the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis and progression of ORN, and would help improve our ability to prevent occurrence of ORN, give an earlier diagnosis, and treat it more effectively.Keywords: osteoradionecrosis, apoptosis, fibrosis, mandible, myofibroblast

  17. In situ delivery of thermosensitive gel-mediated 5-fluorouracil microemulsion for the treatment of colorectal cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang LL

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Lu-Lu Wang, Shuai Huang, Hui-Hui Guo, Yan-Xing Han, Wen-Sheng Zheng, Jian-Dong Jiang State Key Laboratory of Bioactive Substance and Function of Natural Medicines, Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, People’s Republic of China Abstract: In situ administration of 5-fluorouracil (5FU “thermosensitive” gel effectively reduced systemic side effects in treating colon rectal cancer; however, the penetration efficacy of the formulation was considerably low due to the poor lipid solubility of 5FU. The aim of this study was to develop thermosensitive gel-mediated 5FU water-in-oil microemulsion (TG-5FU-ME for improving the infiltration of 5FU. An in vitro release test showed that TG-5FU-ME sustained the drug’s release up to 10 hours. TG-5FU-ME exhibited good stability, and the microemulsion entrapped did not show any change in morphology and 5FU content during the 4-month storage. Transportation test in the Caco-2 cell monolayer showed that TG-5FU-ME had a permeability 6.3 times higher than that of 5FU thermosensitive gel, and the intracellular uptake of 5FU increased by 5.4-fold compared to that of 5FU thermosensitive gel. In vivo tissue distribution analysis exhibited that the TG-5FU-ME group had drug levels in rectal tissue and mesenteric lymph nodes, which were significantly higher than those of 5FU thermosensitive gel group, with very low blood levels of 5FU in both groups. Furthermore, TG-5FU-ME was not associated with detectable morphological damage to the rectal tissue. Conclusively, TG-5FU-ME might be an efficient rectal delivery system to treat colorectal cancer. Keywords: 5-fluorouracil, microemulsion, thermosensitive gel, Caco-2 transport, rectal delivery, colorectal cancer

  18. 基于期权价格的Lévy过程参数估计研究%The research of parameter estimation under the Lévy process based on option pricing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柳向东; 杨飞

    2014-01-01

    The Lévy process can accurately describe the complex features of distribution, such as spikes, fat tails, and the discontinuity of the underlying asset reflected in the movement. Thus, the application of the Lévy processes in financial engineering becomes extensive and effective. However, estimation of the Lévy process parameters is diffi-cult. Based on the option pricing formula, we used the maximum likelihood method and the fast Fourier transforms to make valid estimation on several typical Lévy process parameters, including the Variance-Gamma ( VG ) model, Carr-Geman-Madan-Yor ( CGMY ) model and VGSA ( the exponential form for combining VG with Cox-Ingersoll-Ross) model. The method is tested by the Hong Kong Hang Sheng Index Options data, which is important to pro-mote the achievements of previous results which focus on the Lévy parameter estimation.%Lévy过程可准确描述某些复杂的分布特征,如:尖峰、厚尾及有偏等,也可将标的资产运动过程中所展现的非连续性体现出来,因此在金融过程中得到了广泛而有效的运用。本研究基于期权的定价公式,运用极大似然法以及快速傅里叶变换对方差伽马( Variance-Gamma, VG)模型、 Carr-Geman-Madan-Yor ( CGMY)模型及VGSA模型( VG和Cox-Ingersoll-Ross模型的复合指数模型)等几种典型Lévy过程的参数进行有效估计,并且通过香港恒生指数期权数据对该方法进行验证。

  19. A content analysis of electronic cigarette manufacturer websites in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yao, Tingting; Jiang, Nan; Grana, Rachel; Ling, Pamela M; Glantz, Stanton A

    2016-03-01

    The goal of this study was to summarise the websites of electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) manufacturers in China and describe how they market their products. From March to April 2013, we used two search keywords 'electronic cigarette' (Dian Zi Xiang Yan in Chinese) and 'manufacturer' (Sheng Chan Chang Jia in Chinese) to search e-cigarette manufacturers in China on Alibaba, an internet-based e-commerce business that covers business-to-business online marketplaces, retail and payment platforms, shopping search engine and data-centric cloud computing services. A total of 18 websites of 12 e-cigarette manufacturers in China were analysed by using a coding guide which includes 14 marketing claims. Health-related benefits were claimed most frequently (89%), followed by the claims of no secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure (78%), and utility for smoking cessation (67%). A wide variety of flavours, celebrity endorsements and e-cigarettes specifically for women were presented. None of the websites had any age restriction on access, references to government regulation or lawsuits. Instruction on how to use e-cigarettes was on 17% of the websites. Better regulation of e-cigarette marketing messages on manufacturers' websites is needed in China. The frequent claims of health benefits, smoking cessation, strategies appealing to youth and women are concerning, especially targeting women. Regulators should prohibit marketing claims of health benefits, no SHS exposure and value for smoking cessation in China until health-related, quality and safety issues have been adequately addressed. To avoid e-cigarette use for initiation to nicotine addiction, messages targeting youth and women should be prohibited. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/

  20. Demographic and Prescribing Patterns of Chinese Herbal Products for Individualized Therapy for Ischemic Heart Disease in Taiwan: Population-Based Study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu-Chiang Hung

    Full Text Available Combinations of Chinese herbal products (CHPs are widely used for ischemic heart disease (IHD in Taiwan. We analyzed the usage and frequency of CHPs prescribed for patients with IHD.A nationwide population-based cross-sectional study was conducted, 53531 patients from a random sample of one million in the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD from 2000 to 2010 were enrolled. Descriptive statistics, the multiple logistic regression method and Poisson regression analysis were employed to estimate the adjusted odds ratios (aORs and adjusted risk ratios (aRRs for utilization of CHPs.The mean age of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM nonusers was significantly higher than that of TCM users. Zhi-Gan-Cao-Tang (24.85% was the most commonly prescribed formula CHPs, followed by Xue-Fu-Zhu-Yu-Tang (16.53% and Sheng-Mai-San (16.00%. The most commonly prescribed single CHPs were Dan Shen (29.30%, Yu Jin (7.44%, and Ge Gen (6.03%. After multivariate adjustment, patients with IHD younger than 29 years had 2.62 times higher odds to use TCM than those 60 years or older. Residents living in Central Taiwan, having hyperlipidemia or cardiac dysrhythmias also have higher odds to use TCM. On the contrary, those who were males, who had diabetes mellitus (DM, hypertension, stroke, myocardial infarction (MI were less likely to use TCM.Zhi-Gan-Cao-Tang and Dan Shen are the most commonly prescribed CHPs for IHD in Taiwan. Our results should be taken into account by physicians when devising individualized therapy for IHD. Further large-scale, randomized clinical trials are warranted in order to determine the effectiveness and safety of these herbal medicines.